Sonic Lion releases LionPhaser        
Sonic Lion has announced the release of LionPhaser, a free phaser effect plug-in for Windows. LionPhaser implements the classical phasing effect with a rich variety of modulation options. LionPhaser features LFO with 5 wave forms which can be synchronized in frequency and phase to the host and which implements pulse width modulation. Stepper which can […]
          Motor management & VFD - Prolific Systems And Technologies Pvt. Ltd. , Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Ras al Khaimah, Doha, Riyadh, Jeddah, Dammam, Al Kuwait, Salalah, Manama, Mumbai         
Course Purpose
 
This valuable workshop will cover technical and policy /procedure topics related to management of motor systems including:
 
  • Evaluation and selection of optimum motors for specific applications.
  • Identify the components and principles of operation for the major types of motors
  • Development and use of motor repair and rewind guidelines.
  • Electric power system and management of power transmission and driven loads in relation to motor
  • Operation and use.
  • Measure winding insulation resistance
  • Measure winding resistance in motors
  • Remove end bells, rotor, and bearings from an motor
  • Inspect and clean end bells and rotors
  • Reinstall bearings
  • Reassemble an motor as well as perform operational tests on it
 
COURSE OVERVIEW VFD
  • Properly Matching A Drive to A Machine
  • Choosing the Correct Motor
  • Choosing the Best Type of Variable Frequency Drive (VFD)
  • Identify & Correct Drive System Problems
  • Identify & Test Major Drive Components
  • Perform Start-Up of an AC Drive
  • Program & Adjust the Drive for Desired Operation
 
INTRODUCTION
  • Evolution of VFD Control
  • Modern Types of Variable Frequency Drives (VFD)
 
Mechanical Theory
  • Horsepower Defined
  • Torque Defined
  • Example Horsepower and Torque Calculations
  • Common Types of Mechanical Loads
  • Characteristics of Variable Torque and Constant Torque Loads
 
Basic VFD Electricity Theory
  • Electrical/Hydraulic Circuit Analogy
  • Resistance, Voltage, and Current Defined
 
PWM AC VFDs
 
  • Common Types of PWM Drives
  • Examination of the Main Power Circuit
  • Electronic Component Identification The PWM Wave Form
  • Voltage and Frequency Relationships and Effects on Motor Performance
  • Control of Drive System Torque and Horsepower Output
  • Torque Output Comparisons of AC Drives VS. Conventional Means of Speed Control
  • Standing Wave (Reflective Wave) Phenomena on Motor Cables
  • Disassembly of an AC Drive
  • Component Identification
  • Various Designs of Drives
  • Reassemble, Test, Start-Up of AC Drive With Proper Techniques
  • Hands-On Programming and Operation of an AC Drive and Motor
  • Adjust Minimum and Maximum Speed
  • Reset Drive to Factory Defaults
  • Adjusting Torque Output
  • General Drive Programming
  • Methods of Speed and Torque Control
 
VFD Applications
 
  • Methods of Proper Drive Selection
  • Multi-Motor Drive Systems with Example Problem
  • Using VFDs to Eliminate Geared Speed Reducers
  • Effects of AC Drives on Geared Speed Reducers
  • Replacing Mechanical Speed Changers with VFDs

Cost:

Certified


          NAudio Tutorial 4 - Sample Reversing        
Welcome to the next edition of the NAudio Tutorials series. In this tutorial we will be looking at how a sample can be reversed and played back.

This tutorial builds upon the previous tutorials, if you haven't had a chance to review them I suggest that you read them first before attempting this tutorial:

http://opensebj.blogspot.com/2009/02/introduction-to-using-naudio.html
http://opensebj.blogspot.com/2009/02/naudio-tutorial-2-mixing-multiple-wave.html
http://opensebj.blogspot.com/2009/03/naudio-tutorial-3-sample-properties.html
http://opensebj.blogspot.com/2009/03/naudio-tutorials-minor-note.html

A bit of a disclaimer for this approach; we will be overriding the Read method to achieve the playback of the reversed sample. Please don't misinterpret this approach to be the most suitable for implementation or the approach which is close to an appropriate design pattern. Marks suggestion for implementing this feature was to create a WaveStreamReverse stream derived from WaveStream. I've taken this approach because I am looking to demonstrate how wave data stored in a byte array can be manipulated and passed back to the mixer for playback.

Also note that during the writing of this tutorial I have uncovered what looks to be a minor bug that was preventing this function for working on samples longer than a second. A complete post of the details is available here: http://naudio.codeplex.com/Thread/View.aspx?ThreadId=50867
Due to this I have packaged a modified version of the NAudio DLL with this Tutorial as per the reference of suggested modification in the NAudio thread.

Hopefully that is suitable for the readership in the crowd out there but if you want to see it setup in a derived WaveStreamReverse class then drop me a line and let me know.

You can download a complete copy of all of the source files and this documentation in AbiWord format from here.


Reversing The Sample

Lets open the floor to how we can actually reverse a wave file. Basically a wave file is made up of samples, for argument sake we will consider a wave file with a two channels (stereo) and the data for both channels, for the same position is considered a sample. A simple example below:

Sine Wave Points

Here we have a single channel sine wave. The 6 boxes highlight six points in this sine wave, these are samples. Now consider an exact copy of this image for our second channel of audio and we would have two points for each sample. Conceptually thats certainly simple enough; now we need to discuss how this data is stored.

In a wave file the beginning of the file has a set of data explaining what the format of the file is, Frequency, Bit Size, Number of Channels etc. Once we go past this header information the main wave file starts. Based on the presiding information we can determine how to read the wave file. NAudio completes that read and load operation for us (thankfully because if you don't have to look at it, don't, it's not lots of fun) and provides us with a byte array of the actual wave form data. Now depending on the preceding information we need to adjust the way we consider and utalise this data; if we have only a single channel the byte array needs to be read in accordance with that, if we have a greater precision of samples (16 bit vs. 8 bit) then we need to also take that in to account. So specifically for reversing we are interested in the number of bytes per sample, which is calculated as such:

bytesPerSample = (channelStream.WaveFormat.BitsPerSample / 8) * channelStream.WaveFormat.Channels;

Taking the number of bits per sample and dividing by 8 gives us the number of bytes per sample (which is very important considering that the wave file is stored in a byte array) and then we multiple this by the number of channels of data we need to handle. So in effect, only considering the number of bytes per sample and then reversing the order that the complete sample appears in a byte array allows us to reverse the complete sample.

Lets have a look at how that works, in a new class called NAudioBufferReverse, which takes in the sampleToReverse as a byte array, the length of the source file in bytes and the number of bytes per sample, notice for this class as long as we have pre-calculated the number of bytes per sample we don't actually need to know the details of why there are that many bytes per sample, only that there is and that each sample needs to be moved as a whole, in the reverse order, to another byte array.

class NAudioBufferReverse
{
   // Length of the buffer
   private int numOfBytes;

   // The byte array to store the reversed sample
   byte[] reversedSample;

   public byte[] reverseSample(byte[] sampleToReverse, int SourceLengthBytes, int bytesPerSample)
   {

       numOfBytes = SourceLengthBytes;

       // Set the byte array to the length of the source sample
       reversedSample = new byte[SourceLengthBytes];
       
       // The alternatve location; starts at the end and works to the begining
       int b = 0;

       //Prime the loop by 'reducing' the numOfBytes by the first increment for the first sample
       numOfBytes = numOfBytes - bytesPerSample;

       // Used for the imbeded loop to move the complete sample
       int q = 0;

       // Moves through the stream based on each sample
       for (int i = 0; i < numOfBytes - bytesPerSample; i = i + bytesPerSample)
       {
           // Effectively a mirroing process; b will equal i (or be out by one if its an equal buffer)
           // when the middle of the buffer is reached.
           b = numOfBytes - bytesPerSample - i;

           // Copies the 'sample' in whole to the opposite end of the reversedSample
           for (q = 0; q <= bytesPerSample; q++)
           {
               reversedSample[b + q] = sampleToReverse[i + q];
           }
       }

       // Sends back the reversed stream
       return reversedSample;
   }
}

Yes, over commented if anything but remember this is a tutorial so you can learn whats going on right? After this class has been implemented we now have an available function to help us reverse a byte array by a sample.

Setup the Sample

So now we have to call this and setup our sample class, which we have introduced in previous tutorials, to access this function. Enter stage right:

// SampleArray to be store the reveresed array
byte[] reversedSample;

bool _sampleReversed = false;

public AudioSample(string fileName)
{
   _fileName = fileName;
   WaveFileReader reader = new WaveFileReader(fileName);
   channelStream = new WaveChannel32(reader);
   muted = false;
   volume = 1.0f;
   
   // Reverse the sample
   NAudioBufferReverse nbr = new NAudioBufferReverse();
   
   // Setup a byte array which will store the reversed sample, ready for playback
   reversedSample = new byte[(int)channelStream.Length];

   // Read the channelStream sample in to the reversedSample byte array
   channelStream.Read(reversedSample, 0, (int)channelStream.Length);
   
   // Calculate how many bytes are used per sample, whole samples are swaped in
   // positioning by the reverse class
   bytesPerSample = (channelStream.WaveFormat.BitsPerSample / 8) * channelStream.WaveFormat.Channels;
   
   // Pass in the byte array storing a copy of the sample, and save back to the
   // reversedSample byte array
   reversedSample = nbr.reverseSample(reversedSample, (int)channelStream.Length, bytesPerSample);
}

So the main difference here is that we have an additional byte array in our sample class, which will be used to store the reversedSample. We cheat a bit by doing this because we don't have to setup the wave format of the reversed sample, as it will be in exactly the same format as the sample which also means there is no requirement to setup any header information, the land of the byte array bliss.

Read What?

Thats all well and good but now we need to be able to use this reversed sample during wave play back and how do you suppose that some additional wave bytes are going to help us achieve this, well like the good little supper hero NAudio is, it fly's in stage left and flapping under it's giant red cape is a Read method which has the override directive and ties us back to the actual stream reading function. Those astute people in the audience who have read the previous tutorials and committed every word to memory should be nodding like the good bobble heads they are, recalling that we used a similar approach in the previous tutorial to provide looping functionality to our samples. An in rides our override:

public override int Read(byte[] buffer, int offset, int count)
{
   if (_sampleReversed)
   {
       //need to understand why this is a more reliable offset
       offset = (int)channelStream.Position;

       // Have to work out our own number. The only time this number should be
       // different is when we hit the end of the stream but we always need to
       // report that we read the same amount. Missing data is filled in with
       // silence
       int outCount = count;

       // Find out if we are trying to read more data than is available in the buffer
       if (offset + count > reversedSample.Length)
       {
           // If we are then reduce the read amount
           count = count - ((offset + count) - reversedSample.Length);
       }

       for (int i = 0; i < count; i++)
       {
           // Individually copy the samples into the buffer for reading by the overriden method
           buffer[i] = reversedSample[i + offset];
       }

       // Setting this position lets us keep track of how much has been played back.
       // There is no other offset used to track this information
       channelStream.Position = channelStream.Position + count;

       // Regardless of how much is read the count expected by the calling method is
       // the same number as was origionaly provided to the Read method
       return outCount;
   }
   else
   {
       // Normal read code, sample has not been set to loop
       return channelStream.Read(buffer, offset, count);
   }
}

Whats going on again? Well we check if the sample has been requested to be played in reverse (every time the read method is called) and then work out from where we should be playing back the reversed sample - at the moment this code is just assuming you play it in one direction from start-to-end or end-to-start; it's not handling the transposing of position for the stream when a reversed flag is set mid playback - that's a small addition for another day.

Now the actual trick here comes by way of us not using the channelStream.Read method when we are using the reverse flag for playback, instead we just write directly to the byte buffer, the samples which are ready for playback. Notice if the stream is not reversed then there is no need to do this, we let it go on using the channelStream.Read method as it always has. So why does this work, well instead of us relying on a standard stream method to read back the data we just copy in data we deem necessary and because this data is in the same format (remember all the reversal occurs after the channelStream has been created) we don't need to do any conversion on the byte array. There was a few little oddities this deals with, like always saying we read as much as was requested even if we didn't but if we don't we throw an exception somewhere else, Nice.

Thats actually about it for this tutorial. I haven't linked this back to the form inside the text here but you can download the sample project and have a look at how it all hangs together (there is really nothing new going on there except for a reverse check box and I don't want to insult any ones intelligence by explaining how that works here). There are two little omissions from this tutorial which I will leave you as homework (that I'll undoubtedly have to do for OpenSebJ at some point in time)
1. Looping of the reversed sample for playback
2. Transposing playback position so a dynamic switching between reversed and non-reversed sample playback can be handled.

Conclusion

Thats a wrap for this Tutorial on how to Reverse a Wave Sample in C# using the NAudio Framework. All of this content and the example project is available for download from here. Let me know how you go and where you use it, always interested in hearing about Audio C# Development.

Until next time, when we look at recording wave files, direct to disk.
          Yom haZikkaron, Wake Up! Stand Up! Song of Remembering!        

Holiness David Expression: Vision of person crushed, with legs sticking out, witch of the east, where all begins and all ends to greet.  Legs inside under the house, pant legs a man, "crushing hate and pulling them into the house of G_ah_d (voice of heaven transmits)"

Yom haZikkaron, Song of Remembering, Destruction Before Creation of Perfect Man...day seven of ten!

Wake up! Stand up! Think you're too late... what makes you think that G_ah_d has made mistakes?  Wake up stand up, know your rights within.  Then you can win, when you begin.  Wake up stand up, blowing in the wind.  Right wing, left wing, flying again.  Wake up stand up, knowing where to begin, that's the question, I have which way do I begin?

There is one way, the way of evolution.  Devotion and fire in the wind.  Wake up stand up, know your rights within, then you can negotiate every single thing.  Do it the right (heart) way, for G_ah_d is coming home, there is only one way, the way of the storm.  Wake up stand up, know we're going home, the day of reckoning is flowing in the wind.

Wake up stand up, know your rights within, the day of dawning coming, the day just begins.  Wake up stand up and we are going home, for we are all related and we have different songs.  Even the rice cake loves you, and even the ant does dance, but we are part of oneness the calling of per chance.  And when the fright is over, the dance will begin, and we will sing righteousness, because it's in the wind.

Wake up stand up, know you're living in, the heart of our heaven, it's coming home again.  Wake up stand up, walk to heaven's door, we are going through it, even wanting more. There will be a memory of souls that travel far, and we are all brothers when we learn the call.

Wake up stand up, listen to the wind, we are part of destiny and we are going in.  Wake up stand up, right wing has it's place and we are going to the left (evolution's call, counter clockwise is the dance of the eternal soul) to begin the dance again.  Wake up stand up, we are going home, the place I know is the heartbeat, the place we call our home.  There is a question, the place and why we come, do we know of evolution or do follow the sun? 

Wake up stand up, where you going now?  Don't you realize G_ah_d is here, the place we call life. (wave of love). There is a mighty ocean, the place we call paradise and we are going to this flow, the place we call the device (tools of light).  The  hand of mighty oceans (reflection of life, the heart dance), is reaching out to you, and we could be pure brothers when we learn how to breathe (to and fro of the know, when we pray to G_ah_d who knows, this is the flesh of all of light).

Wake up stand up, learn to love again.  For we are mighty oceans, with storms that rise again.  Wake up stand up, reach into heaven gate, the place we know of beginnings, the place we have a date (clandestine).  Wake up stand up, know we're going home, we are part of destiny, we are part of this home.  Mighty oceans love you, the place we call our home.  Because our Father took us to the devoted storm.  And we are going to Mother, she is here to preach, the laws of love that gives us, the way to our seats (sit and reflect using our hearts). 

Wake up, stand up, know we're going home.  the laws of love will guide us, when we trust our hearts. There is clearly devotion, the heart of one and two, the dance of a marriage, the dance that gifts us clues.  She is here to guide us, the love of a woman's heart, and man he is here to show us, the dance we can start. Play with the music play with your friends, but when it's time to come on home, let us pray again. 

Wake up stand up, know we're going home, know your rights within us, for we have more to learn. And when we receive our Brothers and sisters stand by us, then we are going to the law (law of love, over the red rolling hills), the land of paradise.  Wake up stand up, know what way to go, the right (heart) wing leads us homeward, when we follow law. 



Sung by White Buffalo Calf Woman, your Twin Deer Mother
Heart beat by Holiness David Running Eagle Shooting Star
Yom haZikkaron,  (the Day of Remembrance)


Daniel: Tree of heaven it shall be cut down!
Book of Daniel 4:7-14  
(7 verses on the 7th day of 10 days beginning on the 7th verse interpreted by White Buffalo Calf Woman, elder christal person)

 ×–  וְחֶזְוֵי רֵאשִׁי, עַל-מִשְׁכְּבִי; חָזֵה הֲוֵית--וַאֲלוּ אִילָן בְּגוֹ אַרְעָא, וְרוּמֵהּ שַׂגִּיא.     7 Thus were the visions of my head upon my bed: I saw, and behold a tree in the midst of the earth, and the height thereof was great.

(When king Nebuchadnezzar dreampt he visioned, like all dreams.  This is a type of walking in dark space, the place of heaven is born from the inside of a round vessel, the Oneness is round like a sacred circle of life, joining beginning to ending. 

A tree represents the tree of life.  The leaves reach up towards the sky to reach for the light and nutrition, representing the red road, the flesh.  And the roots reach down to search for water and nutrition, representing the blue road, the soul.  The dew is created when the light of fire (purification), from above our sun, and the water of the heart that flows (blessings), from below, join together and steam or dew is created.  This is an intermingling like a marriage is, when two unite as ONE,  this is the law of unification. The midst is the mist of the dew or do.  When we water mist is the heart our tears and when we create dew with fire or do with our flesh we become united within ourselves.

The tree teaches us the marriage of unification, the one where two stands apart, now together again. This is done with the trunk, the wood which brings the two together, and this uniting is the law, the law of love, the red road, and the law of transmission or the voice of song, the blue road. When these two roads are united by the trunk, a sun or son is born, and the child of the dream is risen to take his place.  (he is light, she is darkness, our flesh is always he, and our souls are always she, when we speak of luminosity or numinosity, however all of us may have either male or female counter parts within our souls and flesh)

The earth is round like our heads, where we have all our senses.  We see (two eyes), we sea (third eye or vision like dreams).  Hearing with two ears, the sounds of the world. Tasting, with tongue for speaking our voices up like angels. Does it taste good?  The spoken word of G_ah_d, the god in each of us.  For we are created in the image of "I am" the tree of life (micro). And we are part of the tree "we are" (macro).  Galaxy, universe, man, animals, plants, rocks, as you can see, each is of this oneness universe and each is part of a greater universe.  This is the perfection of
G_ah_d's flowing and knowing, as we are eternal creatures of the same and ONE, the beginning to the end.  Look at the nose, it is ONE, yet divided by two nostrils, just like G_ah_d, where there is light and darkness.  The nose helps us to taste as well as breathe.  Breathing is the to and fro (heart of the soul) and which gifts us the capacity of living life (flesh of the rainbow colors, the sacred four directions). The teeth, are lined up like rows of seeds, that can crush like the earth with it's weight, but also delivers us nutrition, like our earth again. 

We are perfect in all ways. Inside the head, we have our thoughts, the place where dreams come alive. In King Nebuchadnezzar's dream, he envisioned a tree towards the heights of greatness.  As we are all Greatness, every part of
G_ah_d is greatness, for we are perfect like the seed, the  small and the big, however our shape, we continue to exist and reclaim our throne to Greatness like a King has.  This is why we are called Kings Men or Kinsmen to finally relatives, because we are all related to everything else, the theory of relativity by Einstein shares this with us, that all things bend where rolling hills are part of a wave form, and this is our journey along the wave of the to and fro of the breath and heart beat that knows.  It is related to the next and makes us relatives to each other, from the ant to the sky, for we are all related where all things have a spirit, where the soul and the flesh cross, to be the rising sun, the dream. We are Greatness in the image of "I am".)

ח  רְבָה אִילָנָא, וּתְקִף; וְרוּמֵהּ יִמְטֵא לִשְׁמַיָּא, וַחֲזוֹתֵהּ לְסוֹף כָּל-אַרְעָא.     8 The tree grew, and was strong, and the height thereof reached unto heaven, and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth.

(When a tree grows it extends outward to reach out to relatives.  And when we join with others we grow in strength through bonds of marriage as well as bonds of relatives.  When we feel strong, we can do anything including riding the waves of heaven, the spiritual soul's journey.  And when we take this flight we can flow from the beginning to the ends where they unite to be the sacred circle of life. The height reached or extended into another's space of brotherhood  or hand of god, the gift of giving.  And the sight saw, or to and fro, the breath and heart which do unite to be the "I am", the dream, the sister who teaches you to unite what is separate, the gift of receiving. 

Remember when we see with our eyes of light space (earth) and when we sea with our vision of dark space (heaven).  We are the strong tree of life, which journeys from heaven the beginning to the end which is earth, where we experience death.  Yet the journey of life in heaven is eternal and our souls never die. In death, we learn lessons and transformation.  In life, we learn to negotiate and know destruction, to arise again, like a seed. Each travel and transmit along the wave where the song of angels do sing, and this includes you as well as the extending towards relatives and the law of love that binds us to each other, creating oneness in all life.  We journey and exist, therefore I am the dream!)




ט  עָפְיֵהּ שַׁפִּיר וְאִנְבֵּהּ שַׂגִּיא, וּמָזוֹן לְכֹלָּא-בֵהּ; תְּחֹתוֹהִי תַּטְלֵל חֵיוַת בָּרָא, וּבְעַנְפוֹהִי ידרון (יְדוּרָן) צִפְּרֵי שְׁמַיָּא, וּמִנֵּהּ, יִתְּזִין כָּל-בִּשְׂרָא.     9 The leaves thereof were fair, and the fruit thereof much, and in it was food for all; the beasts of the field had shadow under it, and the fowls of the heaven dwelt in the branches thereof, and all flesh was fed of it.

(Leaves represent relatives.  Each of us are a leaf or a relative and when we have family, we begin to extend outward like growth on a tree.  Many times in songs of the heart, leaves are mentioned, and the branches join together the many leaves from the same base or trunk of the tree, united in the law of love and flowing like the a wave of communication.  Also if a leave is fair, then we are true to the light of our flesh and song of our hearts.  Fairness is when we treat all our relatives like family.  We care for their needs and we tend to suffer for the ones we love.  Now as evolution is changing from the second phase of evolution, the world of flesh or light, to the third phase of evolution's folding, the world of flesh or light with soul or dark.  Together we join as ONE, our selves are married to ONE true road, when we do what we say, we become Elders to the world, and we follow our dream born within, the light from within, the yellow illumination of the sun rising and setting. 

Another point of reference is the color of the leaf, most leaves are green when they are fair, not are they just born, often lighter in color, but a darker color of green which represents the flowing of the transmission, the journey along the wave, the transmission of our voice, coming from within.  The native peoples speak the star language meaning of images.  And they often call the journey of life, "where the green grass grows".  Green is the soul, which leads the way, like heaven leads the way along the river of life of the flowing.  The fair leaf is the soul who is leading the right way of living, or the soul of heaven speaks to the flesh of earth to lead us on the right path towards the middle way, where the flowing of life along the wave form "transmission".  The journey moves into abundance unfolding, like a blossom, where the golden yellow light or birth of a dream is born. Yellow is the middle color seen when traveling down the center of the soul's flight, as many people speak of the yellow cords that bind us together.  We see yellow only when we are free to flight and not bond down to the lessons or at the edges of the river bank but flowing down the middle of the river.  Not right, not left, but down the middle where the two join as one, the birth of a dream or even the birth of a child.

When there is plenty of fruit, then the blossoms have unfolded, where many dreams have shown through and were successful to the transmission form the wave of continuation, like a family tree expresses. Having enough food for the soul for all.  As we start in heaven, we reflect to the earth below, here when we have enough sustenance for our souls, then we have enough for our flesh and bellies as well.  This is why we need trust and have faith, when it seems we have not enough in our lives.  But with prayer and faith our sustenance will grow, to produce us with plenty to gift us with what we need for another day. Having enough for all, depends on our trusting the ONENESS or
G_ah_d of the eternal growing from beginning to the end of the sacred circle.

When the beasts of the field have shadow under it, we are blessed that we have shade, for the shadow is the to and fro of the waning and waxing of our moon, whom reflects for us in the changing times, where stillness guides our way.   Reflection is what we do with our hearts, we cry for tears of joy and tears of sorrow creating a path to discovery and knowledge or wisdom.  We are animals, a beast, and we are driven by our desires, yet if we listen to our stillness and reflect with prayer, wisdom guides us along the middle road, the dream.  The fowls of heaven dwelt in the branches is our flesh, carried by the flight of our dreams unfolding, where we join together with relatives.  Thus leaves on the tree of life gift us the journey along the wave of lights, creation or the unfolding of the dream, the blossom.  WE live inside our flesh, like the birds dwell in the branches, where the laws are given, the law of love.  Here we are nourished by both the soul which guides us, but the flesh too which offers us fruits of wisdom living out our dreams.)



י  חָזֵה הֲוֵית בְּחֶזְוֵי רֵאשִׁי, עַל-מִשְׁכְּבִי; וַאֲלוּ עִיר וְקַדִּישׁ, מִן-שְׁמַיָּא נָחִת.     10 I saw in the visions of my head upon my bed, and, behold, a watcher and a holy one came down from heaven.

(Again, vision is both by sight of luminosity and by sight of numinosity, we embrace our visions, as teachers guiding us forward along the path of life.  A head is round beginning and ending to greet each other, like when heads collide, to kiss using love or when we use our heads as a tool to destruction or creation, depending on the day and persons we may be around, the relative to our space.  A bed is a place where we lie down, to view the stars, the lights of heaven's birthing ground or a place to sleep and rest, where we dream to view the darkness, the embrace of earth's death and destruction. Like now we are moving from the second phase of evolution to the third phase where the two (mother-dark, father-light) join together to be three (mother-heart, father-flesh, child-dream is born), the reflection of our resting place, stillness.

Behold a watcher!  These are our guardians and teachers who guide us down the journey of life. Just like when we watch people at what they do.  Some even say, "I am people watching".  This offers us wisdom as receive all of what our relatives greet and meet together as we become stillness or heavenly action of receiving.  Guardians of the numinous flowing or heaven come in all shapes and sizes, just like our earthly realm provides us with.  And each have a heavenly name and sacred four directions with rainbow colors or tools. Guiding is an action of giving as well as motion or transiting, what we call our voice.  Now a watcher is stillness like heaven and a holy one is motion like earth, where both start from heaven and descend to earth where the beginning and the end greet one another to become whole, the sacred circle of life.  One more thing, when we bless it is an action, we are blessed it is an action, but when we bless and are blessed by others we are breathing or journeying on the wave of the blue, the song of me and you, the heart knows, the to and fro where the billows blow us forwards.

But what makes us united is when we travel both roads, the giving and receiving, then we are one dream and we are able to do what we say, as only Elders do.  As most of the world at this phase of evolution do not do what they say, because they are not yet recognizing their own souls.  We were heading to the top of the hill, and now we are descending down from heaven, to receive our souls to guide us homeward, upon heaven and earth. Not just the light of earth, but the soul of heaven too. 

How do we know what is blessed and what is not?  What is holy one is blessing-giving and the watcher is guiding-receiving.  These are the paths to an end, the sacred one, "I am" where we start in heaven and end back in heaven again after death, to begin all over again to join where we started again, to start another journey again.) 




יא  קָרֵא בְחַיִל וְכֵן אָמַר, גֹּדּוּ אִילָנָא וְקַצִּצוּ עַנְפוֹהִי, אַתַּרוּ עָפְיֵהּ, וּבַדַּרוּ אִנְבֵּהּ; תְּנֻד חֵיוְתָא מִן-תַּחְתּוֹהִי, וְצִפְּרַיָּא מִן-עַנְפוֹהִי.     11 He cried aloud, and said thus: Hew down the tree, and cut off its branches, shake off its leaves, and scatter its fruit; let the beasts get away from under it, and the fowls from its branches.

(He-the light cried out, which means the flesh used a voice to speak about the journey, the transmission over rolling hills of time, to make known.  As we hewn, we create a path, to begin again.  If we cut down a tree we destroy the trees ability to receive from the flesh, the world of light.  We are not near our relatives and all the leaves fall down and are buried, leaving us without the embrace of giving or the hands of G_ah_d the Oneness, but we are left with fruit that scatters, the very seeds of life that provides us with new growth.  Yet the animals who have the beast within (desire-to want), go to different places to seek sustenance and the birds without (yearning- to give) have to fly from relatives to seek sustenance.  The branches of extending and the trunk of law have been taken away, in order that we journey to new worlds from old dreams and to transmit a signal along a wave form, to swell in our hearts and to seek and follow love again and again.

To put under is to forgive, to fly away is to be free, these are the gifts we cherish and hold dear to each and everyone of us, including the mighty and the small.  We are all relatives who journey together to grow and teach, to receive and love, to be the dream of "I am". The green grass that flows, the journey of life begins in the crystalline stone river, where the dark and the light travel together, where heaven is parts of the sum or whole, this is the path of the hewn! Here the sound of where angels do sing, like the rushing river.  The rainbow clan flowing brotherhood, with the laws of sisterhood, where love unites the way to conform to principles of moral behavior.)



יב  בְּרַם עִקַּר שָׁרְשׁוֹהִי, בְּאַרְעָא שְׁבֻקוּ, וּבֶאֱסוּר דִּי-פַרְזֶל וּנְחָשׁ, בְּדִתְאָא דִּי בָרָא; וּבְטַל שְׁמַיָּא יִצְטַבַּע, וְעִם-חֵיוְתָא חֲלָקֵהּ בַּעֲשַׂב אַרְעָא.     12 Nevertheless leave the stump of its roots in the earth, even in a band of iron and brass, in the tender grass of the field; and let it be wet with the dew of heaven, and let his portion be with the beasts in the grass of the earth;

(When the stump is left in the earth's center darkness, or what is often called the lower heaven "to put under", where purification has occurred with fire flowing like lava and forgiveness has entered the stream. Here the root continues to receive sustenance from within.  With the band of iron , which has a "ev" or mean excitation energy often called electron volts is 286.  These numbers speak this story, the communicating, uniting and transmitting holy perfection, the blessed sacred way! Iron is an element which is part of a whole and is needed to be with others to unite, it seeks and searches out the other.  (gives off electrons freely?)

Brass is an alloy, which is a sum of a whole, however brass has another meaning also, since it is made up of copper and zinc.  Brass is subject to dezincification, which means, when exposed to water what is left is copper.  This metal turns green, like old brass plumbing fittings.  It's journey transforms and changes to become the green. And green is the field of grass, that is where the river flows, and our souls know which way to go, guiding us towards the dream from within. By the way, zinc is crystalline formation and is the stone river that we journey upon. An interesting note is that copper is soft, pliable and high conduction to electron discharge, which means, it relieves us in times of stress, like being near water, our path the soul journeys, the blue of you and me, relatives, the leaves on a tree.

Now when iron and brass come together, we call this a copper alloy which has high strength, good formability and relatively high electrical conductivity. Iron strengthens the brass, especially when in a band form, when bonded together. Here we have the soul's motion, of feelings through water and the flesh's motion through crystalline formations,  the perfect structure, crystals,  with the relief of the heart with tears of joy and pain, where we journey unified as one band (rainbow colors), the eternal circle of life that begins and ends within heaven, the numinous flowing of the darkness, where stars are born, your dream, through the purification process of fire.  This story reminds us to be blessed, both receiving and giving, united down one flowing, the eternal marriage of soul and flesh when reborn,  journeying, death and resurrection.  Wow, isn't God just perfect yielding strength and conductivity.

Remember the tender grass is the place of our home, the four sacred directions, where the flowing occurs. Where is it, but in a field, where it is open and free to blow in the wind.  Our wind goes to and fro, the place of knowing when we pray. When the four directions in the house of god is united with the two directions of the to and fro, our unification allows us six sides, the Star of David.  Here is the perfect crystalline river,  where the green grass flows, the house where our heart is!  Mother Earth is our Rock, our home, where our hearts journey.

When the crystalline rock river is wet with dew, it fills up. The swelling of a heart makes us feel.  Feeling is our emotions of all the greatness of existence, and makes life interesting when we speak our voice to the world.  Now life wouldn't be boring if we did not have change or seasons in time.  Just like our evolutionary process we are going through right now.  Remember heaven is our feelings, the darkness of where our hearts live, inside the flesh, just like the to and fro lives inside the stone river of our soul. 

This the same with the small and great, as said, let his portion be with beasts.  Again his is the light of earth, which is only part of the whole and when dew of water joins, the darkness of heaven, we become whole.  But even greater yet is the grass of earth, the place we call our home, where the heart roams is where do travel over rolling hills in time, to enjoy seasons like our four sacred directions of space.  Hey space is the place with Grandmothers embrace!)



יג  לִבְבֵהּ מִן-אנושא (אֲנָשָׁא) יְשַׁנּוֹן, וּלְבַב חֵיוָה יִתְיְהִב לֵהּ; וְשִׁבְעָה עִדָּנִין, יַחְלְפוּן עֲלוֹהִי.     13 Let his heart be changed from man's, and let a beast's heart be given unto him; and let seven times pass over him.

(When a man's heart of intelligence is changed to a beast's heart of emotions, then we are separated from ourselves journey upon journey as we ascend to learn about the darkness.  For the seven colors of darkness, the second phase of evolution, shall pass over him to then go into the light again, to be holy and sacred to receive his intelligence again the song of brotherhood, where the new growth reaches into the light like the branches.  The tree begins to form young new leaves, blossoms unfold to spring along the journey and to bear fruit once more.  Like the off spring of generations who multiply to spread outward like branches to provide shelter, shade and sustenance for the multitudes.)
 


יד  בִּגְזֵרַת עִירִין פִּתְגָמָא, וּמֵאמַר קַדִּישִׁין שְׁאֵלְתָא; עַד-דִּבְרַת דִּי יִנְדְּעוּן חַיַּיָּא דִּי-שַׁלִּיט עליא (עִלָּאָה) בְּמַלְכוּת אנושא (אֲנָשָׁא), וּלְמַן-דִּי יִצְבֵּא יִתְּנִנַּהּ, וּשְׁפַל אֲנָשִׁים, יְקִים עליה (עֲלַהּ).     14 The matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the sentence by the word of the holy ones; to the intent that the living may know that the Most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever He will, and setteth up over it the lowest of men.

(Matter is the light of the embrace, the hands of G_ah_d who serve, the watchers who look after you.  And the sentence by the word or a law of love upon the rolling hills are the holy ones who await for purification of the soul, who receive the blessings. And when we ride the waves, we make our journey along the crystalline stone river , where the green grass grows is a swelling in our heart (sss-the law of love).

When we know the purpose of our lives, the name gifted for your mission (to receive the heart) and the tools of light (to give the embrace), your intent, these are the knowing of the Most High ruleth, the ONENESS, the complete of the whole of one, from heaven to heaven along the journeys path.  This is the kingdom of luminosity, the man.  Here we enjoy the light as true embrace,not just a dream, but a world that is touching and feeling. Giving is the will of man, to be a living brotherhood and receiving is the living sisterhood of uniting broken hearts.  This world offers us purpose, intent, and sacredness within the dream who are able to "receive the gift". 

The Great Spirits are our Relatives who love us, they offer to us all their kingdom as an heir to their throne, as kings-men.  However we must be able to receive their wealth and abundance!  For even Kings follow the leaders, Great Spirit father (earth, male, lightness, mission) and Great Spirit mother (heaven, female, darkness, embracing.  Sometimes the throne of Holy Heaven, Elders call the Counsel of Larks, a district in four sacred directions, would be Great Spirit Uncle-Grandmother/one before two, united flowing dance (heaven and earth: order of sacred directions, child, dream, and re-birthing song) 

When one learns to be like a child, innocent and pure because of sacred and moral ways, he become the lowliest, the servant slave.  When you cross the red with blue and yellow rises, to lead you to wisdom, where being complete is all that matters, lives the dreaming.  When whole as one within and we are able to shine the white light, completing the sacred directions of the crystalline stone river, purified and holy at all times, we can receive.  This is the Native American Four Directions symbol of sacredness, Red, Blue, Yellow, and White, the colors of our Skin represent the universe. Blessings and holiness keep us purified and safe.  Receiving is the blessing of the giver, the hands of God.

Let us receive our Great Spirits into our lives.  Let us receive brotherhood into our lives.  Let us receive sisterhood into our lives. These are the treasures of the meek, to receive, to be complete, the whole of One. Servants who receive the care of others, receive the gold and riches of this world, the very abundance brotherhood brings, when law of the heart, sisterhood brings.  Let us be joined together as ONENESS CLAN, the Rainbow Warriors of Prophecy!

 

טו  דְּנָה חֶלְמָא חֲזֵית, אֲנָה מַלְכָּא נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר; 15 This dream I king Nebuchadnezzar have seen.

(Become complete in your self, when the red, blue, yellow give the white light, which then you are whole and become the whitey.  I am the dream, the King, kinsman, relative, the servant slave. Welcome to the Dawning, where the Green Grass flows and the Yellow grains of abundance do grow. All your dreams come true!)

Follow these rules you survive!
Learn how to navigate in the Great Migration! 

Join the Rainbow Warriors of Prophecy!





Fire Offers Purification

Pray With Elders around the World


Learn Warrior Skills with the Peaceful Wisdom Prayer

 

          AO-ATOMSAM002 Samurai Blade 10-bit HD/SDI Field Rec.&HD Monitor        
AO-ATOMSAM002 Samurai Blade 10-bit HD/SDI Field Rec.&HD Monitor

AO-ATOMSAM002 Samurai Blade 10-bit HD/SDI Field Rec.&HD Monitor

Atomos AO-ATOMSAM002 (AO-ATOMSAM 002 AO-ATOMSAM-002 AO-ATOMSAM/002) Samurai Blade 10-bit HD-SDI Field Recorder and HD Monitor (Retail Kit) What's in the box:   1x Samurai Blade 10-bit HD-SDI Recorder/Monitor  Retail Box (carry case is optional)  1x 2600mAh 2-cell Sony N, L Series compatible  1x D-Tap included (no cable)  1x 1000mA single-plate AC battery charger  1x USB 2/3.0 Docking Station including cables  2x Master Caddy (HDD/SSDs not included)  1x AC Adapter included     Super sharp, super bright, super blacks.. down to the last atom!   At 325 dpi and 1 million pixels (1280x720) this 5" SuperAtom IPS Panel delivers amazing resolution, super accurate colours and super deep blacks, with an image representation that oozes atmosphere. When you see this screen you will not believe your eyes. OLED seems lifeless and dull by comparison at normal brightness levels - In-Plane Switching technology really brings your images to life!   The capacitive touch panel gives lightning-quick response times and gesture capability. Controlling AtomOS 5.0 on Samurai Blade is silky smooth.   Fully adjustable gamma, brightness, contrast and a built in wave form monitor make this the must have video tool for professionals.The Atomos Samurai Blade is the world’s most advanced smart production recorder, monitor and playback deck. Every part of its physical and operational design has been carefully crafted to deliver the ultimate in simple operation, mission critical reliability and the converging of separate devices – Monitors, Capture Cards, Playback decks and cut edit suites – these are all in one and are affordable to boot!   It’s lightweight, tough and robust for in the field operation.   YOUR CAMERAS BEST FRIEND   The camera is the king and today’s sensors and lenses are quite spectacular, the Samurai Blade harnesses large 5K+ sensors on professional video cameras to ensure you get the best from your camera - Atomos supports your make and model of Canon, Sony, Nikon, Panasonic, JVC, RED & Arri.   CONSTRUCTION   Designed using aircraft grade aluminium, the Samurai Blade delivers durability and portability. Locking mechanisms for each removable part means sturdy reliable operation. Weighing a mere 380 grams this pocket rocket will never weigh you down and is completely at home on top of any camera, whether in the studio or up a mountain.   COMPLETELY CUSTOM   Atomos doesn't believe in jigsaw-puzzling a best of breed product, they have designed every circuit, coded every function and invested thousands of hours in testing, quality control, design and manufacturing. They do not buy standard IP cores like codecs and do not lease HDMI/SDI interfaces – they write everything from scratch to deliver you a finely tuned thoroughbred video machine!   UNBELIEVABLY LOW POWER CONSUMPTION   At 6 watts of power, nearly five times less than the nearest competitor, the Samurai Blade is perfect for battery-powered, in-the-field operation. Boasting no less than 4 power options, including the supplied NP series batteries, DC power adapter for larger batteries, AC mains power and Atomos' patented Continuous Power dual battery system. You’ll never be without power when you need it most. The batteries even lock into place so you don’t lose power in any event.   AFFORDABLE 2.5” HDD OR SSD   2.5” hard disks are the most affordable digital storage on the planet. They outperform SSDs, SD card, SxS and P2 cards in cost and reliability for video use. In normal video shooting environments the 2.5” HDD is your new tape. Extremely low running costs, long record times (up to 30 hours) and endless supply. For those vibration sensitive shoots, around the race track or in the helicopter, Atomos supports modern SSDs. Bang for buck you can’t beat hard disk for 90% of video shooting. Like the rest of their hardware, the OS used on Atomos products is smart. It’s lightening fast & snappy; childishly simple to operate as well as robust and reliable. It encompasses all aspects of video production, from recording, to playback and review, monitoring assist and even simple cut and tag editing. Atomos have spent thousands of hours refining and updating their OS and have released over 50 updates in 2 years with functionality improvements and operational enhancements, all this for free to all customers every day – they don’t believe in paying for software upgrades. You will find AtomOS will be the video partner you can’t live without. New to AtomOS 5 – Alpha channel and transparency support, full waveform monitor RGB and Luma Parade, vectorscope with zoom.   RECORD DIRECT FROM THE SENSOR   Direct from the sensor – the best quality from your great lens and sensor, no matter when it was made. Old and new cameras alike can get the benefit of higher quality recording, enhancing new cameras and breathing new life into older ones.


          Zoom H4N PRO Handy Audio Recorder        
Zoom H4N PRO Handy Audio Recorder

Zoom H4N PRO Handy Audio Recorder

Zoom H4N PRO (H4NPRO, H4N/PRO, H4N-PRO, h4npro) Handy Audio Recorder   The H4n Pro is packed with features that make it perfect for capturing audio for film. The onboard X/Y microphones deliver spectacular stereo imaging, and two combo input jacks allow you to use your favorite microphones as well. It also includes a headphone/line out jack to easily send high-definition stereo directly to your camera. The Pro is perfect for capturing live performances. Capable of handling up to 140 dB SPL, it can record everything from ear-splitting heavy metal to bass-heavy EDM. Take a line-level* stereo feed from your mixing console and capture room ambience with the X/Y microphones to put your listeners front row center. * +4dBu line-level is not supported.   The H4n Pro provides the essential combination of mic’ing versatility, portability, and superior audio necessary for impactful storytelling. With support for plug-in power, you can use a lavalier to mic up your subject for podcasts or interviews. Record time-stamped WAV files to sync with video footage in post-production, or embed superior audio directly on your video in real-time through a ⅛" stereo feed   Podcasters and Journalists The H4n Pro provides the essential combination of mic’ing versatility, portability, and superior audio necessary for impactful storytelling. With support for plug-in power, you can use a lavalier to mic up your subject for podcasts or interviews. Record time-stamped WAV files to sync with video footage in post-production, or embed superior audio directly on your video in real-time through a ⅛" stereo feed.   Mobile Studio With overdubbing and punch-in features, as well as studio-grade instrument effects and emulators, you can create songs from start to finish. The Pro also functions as a 2-input/2-output USB audio interface for PC or Mac. Launch your favorite recording/editing software or use the included Cubase LE to start creating.     High-Performance Mic Preamps The Pro features the same high performance, low-noise mic preamps as our acclaimed Zoom H5 and H6 Handy Recorders, with recording and playback at resolutions up to 24-bit/96 kHz. The improved noise floor (-120 dBu EIN) captures audio at lower volumes with less noise and fewer artifacts.     Built-in Stereo Recording X/Y stereo recording covers a wide area while capturing sound sources in the center with clarity and definition. The angle of its two unidirectional condenser mics can easily be changed from 90 degrees for a tightly focused stereo image to 120 degrees for a wider image simply by twisting the mic capsules.   The H4n Pro provides an onboard MS decoder for Mid-Side recording with external microphones. This allows you to adjust the width of the stereo image, making it especially useful for sound design and broadcasting.     Inputs and Outputs Inputs The two locking combo connectors accept either XLR or ¼" balanced/unbalanced phone cables, handling mic- and line-level signals as well as instrument-level signals. Phantom Power of +24 or +48 volts can be applied to both inputs. Plus, there’s a stereo 1/8” Mic jack for external audio sources, including lavalier microphones requiring 2.5 volts of plug-in power.   Outputs A stereo ⅛" Line/Phone Out, with dedicated volume control, allows for headphone monitoring or connection to your DSLR, while the built-in monophonic speaker allows for quick playback reference.  In addition, a USB port enables fast file transfer, firmware updates, and use as a 2-in/2-out audio interface for computers.     Form Factor A new rubberized, ergonomic body is perfect for use in the field or with a camera, while new locking XLR/TRS connectors ensure your mic cables stay secure. Highly portable, the H4n Pro can travel anywhere for convenient mobile recording.   Three Ways to Record STEREO MODE uses the built-in X/Y microphones (or external mics) and is convenient for recording live performances, acoustic instruments, dialogue, and more.   In 4CH MODE, you can record with the built-in X/Y mics and two external inputs simultaneously, great for getting live room sound and a stereo board feed at the same time.   MTR MODE (Multi-track Mode) turns your device into a four-track studio, with built-in effects, overdub functions, and the ability to work with previously recorded sound files.   Recording Functions Pre-Record (for STEREO/4CH mode) Pre-Record ensures that you'll never miss the start of a great take. The device is continuously listening, keeping the previous two seconds* of audio whenever you hit RECORD.    *One second when recording at 96k or working 4CH mode.   Auto-Record (for STEREO/4CH mode) Auto-Record automatically starts recording when a user-set sound level is detected. There's also an Auto-Record Stop function, which ends the recording as soon as the incoming signal drops below the user-set stop level.   Remote Control Use the optional RC4 remote to control the H4n Pro. The RC4 allows you to start and stop recording, fast forward and rewind through your files, switch the input source, and set recording/playback levels at a distance while eliminating handling noise.     Onboard Effects The Pro offers studio-grade effects and emulators to enhance your recordings. Choose from a variety of effects, including compression, limiting, reverb, delay, echo, a low-cut filter, and more.   There's an onboard metronome and tuner, along with dozens of amp models and effects crafted for guitar and bass. Additionally, you can loop playback and adjust pitch and speed independently, making the H4n Pro a perfect tool for phrase training.     Supported File Types The Pro records audio in both WAV and MP3 formats. It supports 16- and 24-bit WAV audio at sampling rates of 44.1, 48, or 96 kHz. The WAV files are automatically time-stamped, making them Broadcast Wave Format (BWF) compliant, allowing precise synchronization in post-production.   Battery Life and Recording Times The H4n Pro runs on 2 AA batteries, providing up to 6 hours in normal operation, or up to 10 hours when operating in STAMINA mode. An optional AD-14 AC adapter allows the H4n Pro to be powered from any standard wall outlet.   The H4n Pro accepts SD and SDHC cards up to 32 gigabytes. The charts below show maximum recording times for different file types and card sizes.   Edit and Record Software Included The H4n Pro comes with free download licenses for Steinberg’s Cubase LE music production software and WaveLab LE audio editing software, representing a complete audio production toolkit. Create your own music utilizing the Pro’s USB audio interface function or expand your capabilities with Steinberg’s renowned audio software.   Currently shipping with: Cubase LE8 for Mac OS X 10.9/10.10 and Windows 7/8/8.1 Wavelab LE8 for Mac OS X 10.8, 10.9, 10.10 and Windows 7/8/8.1/10   Edit and Record Software Included The H4n Pro comes with free download licenses for Steinberg’s Cubase LE music production software and WaveLab LE audio editing software, representing a complete audio production toolkit. Create your own music utilizing the Pro’s USB audio interface function or expand your capabilities with Steinberg’s renowned audio software.     Currently shipping with: Cubase LE8 for Mac OS X 10.9/10.10 and Windows 7/8/8.1 Wavelab LE8 for Mac OS X 10.8, 10.9, 10.10 and Windows 7/8/8.1/10       Features at a Glance   Four-track simultaneous recording  High-fidelity mic preamps Built-in X/Y stereo microphones, adjustable between 90˚ and 120˚ Record up to 140 dB SPL with X/Y microphones Two mic/line level inputs with XLR/TRS combo connectors  Stereo 1/8" Mic In mini phone jack +24 or +48V phantom power for main inputs and Plug-in power (2.5V) via Mic/Line In mini phone jack Output/headphone jack with dedicated volume control New rubberized and ergonomic body with improved 1.9 inch backlit LCD display Built-in reference speaker for fast playback Records directly to SD and SDHC cards up to 32 GB Supports up to 24-bit/96 kHz audio in BWF-compliant WAV or a variety of MP3 formats Onboard Mid-Side decoding Internal mixdown: four-track to stereo and stereo to dual mono Up to 99 marks per recording Built-in effects, including compression/limiting, low-cut filtering, modulation, reverb/delay and amp models Normalize (maximum gain) and Divide (file splitting) functions Chromatic tuner and metronome Loop playback with user-defined start and stop points Variable playback speed, from 50% to 150%, without affecting pitch Variable pitch without affecting playback speed USB port for file transfer to and from computer 2-in/2-out USB audio interface for PC/Mac computers Mounts to mic stand or tripod, or directly to DSLR with optional Hot Shoe adapter Runs on 2 standard AA alkaline or NiMH rechargeable batteries with up to 6 hours of operation (up to 10 hours in Stamina mode) Accessories What's included with the H4n Pro:   H4n Pro Handy Recorder Protective case 2 x AA batteries Operation manual Download license for Steinberg Cubase LE and WaveLab LE software Optional H4nSP accessories:   PCH-4n Protective Case (compatible with both Zoom H4n and H4n Pro Handy Recorders) WSU-1 Universal hairy windscreen MA-2 mic clip adapter RC4 wired remote control HS-1 Hot Shoe Mount Adapter AD-14 AC adapter H4n Pro Accessory Package (APH-4nPro)* includes:   Hairy windscreen Splitter cable Attenuator cable USB cable AD-14 AC adapter    


          Codecs and audio formats for PC        
Overview of the main audio formats that can be found on PC:

For convenience we can divide the audio formats for PC as lossy and lossless (no quality loss). A conversion software (like avs4you ) can convert a normal audio file to any other format you can imagine.

The idea of lossy formats (the most popular among the casual user) comes from the idea that not all the sounds in the 44,100 samples per second content in a standard WAV files are correctly perceived by the human ear.

In this way (as is the case for the jpg image) we are going to cut the high frequencies, which are believed to be less distinct from the ear. The more you cut these frequencies the more space occupied by our audio file decreases (for example you can get 3MB instead of 6 MB for a song of a few minutes length). Also the decrease in the quality is not much because the frequencies that are cut are not so much 'audible'.

The conversion to WAV, starting from the lossy formats, does not bring any benefit (unless you must draw up the track and save it several times, in this case the loss of quality will be limited to the first step), and there are programs that are able to return to our original tracks some of these high frequencies, such as Steinberg Clean Plus or others (eg early versions of Easy CD Creator, or other more professional tools), however, while-doing a decent job is not much that can be done for reverting a lossy audio to an original wav.

The lossless audio formats, instead of trying to decrease the space occupied by the track, works without going to touch the sound. The compression ratio will be much lower compared to lossy formats, but there will be no loss of quality. If converted to WAV (perhaps to be processed), the sound will be the same as before.

Some lossy audio formats:

WMA (. Wma): Windows Media Audio format, compressed and very similar to an mp3. This is Audio compression format from Microsoft. Files compressed in this format are approximately 20% smaller than MP3
MP3 (. Mp3) is short for MPEG 1 Layer III and identifies the audio files using this algorithm. Its standard that eliminates sounds inaudible to human ears. In this way an MP3 song of 128 kbps occupies a space equal to 1 / 11 compared to the same format of the original Wav or audio cd.
 
Lossless Audio formats

WAV (. Wav) format. Wave formats is nothing but a digital recording of real sounds, sounds that have originated from a source external to the PC. In a WAV music, drums, piano, guitar, bass or voice are felt the same way regardless of the PC where the file is playing (with the same sound quality of the hardware, of course).
          N-Track Studio 8 Pro Music Daw v8.0.7 Apk        





-Android ဖုန္းအသံုးျပဳသူမ်ားအတြက္ မိမိတို႔ဖုန္းကေန
music ေတြ၊vocal ေတြကို အသံသြင္းယူ record 
ျပဳလုပ္လို႔ရမယ့္ application ေလးတစ္ခုတင္ေပး
လိုက္ပါၿပီ။audio ေတြ၊melodyေတြ၊virtual instruments ေတြကိုလည္း စိတ္ႀကိဳက္ဖန္တီးၿပီး၊
Tracks ေတြကိုလည္း တစ္လိုင္းျခင္းဆီ multi ျပန္
ထပ္သြင္းလို႔ရတဲ့Multichannel လုပ္လို႔ရတဲ့အတြက္
အသံုးျပဳလို႔ေကာင္းပါတယ္။
drums and bass grooves tracks မ်ားစြာပါဝင္ၿပီး၊
equalization နဲ႔ effects မ်ားစြာအသံုးျပဳလို႔ရပါတယ္။
create ျပဳလုပ္ၿပီးသား projects ေတြကိုလည္း
mp3,wave format အမ်ိဳးအစားနဲ႔fileျပန္ထုတ္ႏိုင္
ပါတယ္။ျပဳလုပ္ၿပီးတဲ့ multi track project file
ေတြကိုလည္း အျခား platforms ေတြျဖစ္တဲ့
ios,windows,mac, တို႔နဲ႔လည္း continue လုပ္၍
ခ်ိတ္ဆက္ၿပီး working လုပ္ႏိုင္မွာျဖစ္ၿပီး 
Pro version ျဖစ္တာေၾကာင့္၊အျခားေသာ features
မ်ားစြားပါဝင္ထားတဲ့အတြက္ N-Track Studio Apkဟာ
အသံုးျပဳလို႔အဆင္ေျပေကာင္းမြန္ေစပါတယ္။
ျပဳလုပ္ၿပီးသား project ဖိုင္ေတြကို မိမိဖုန္းရဲ႕
nTrack ဆိုတဲ့ folder မွာျပန္လည္႐ွာေဖြႏိုင္ပါတယ္။

Apk file size 51.33 MB ႐ွိၿပီး၊
Android OS version 4.0.3 ႏွင့္အထက္ဗား႐ွင္းဖုန္း
ေတြအထိထည့္သြင္းinstallလုပ္၊အသံုးျပဳႏိုင္ပါတယ္။
အျခား Main Features ေတြကေတာ့
- Stereo and mono audio tracks
- Virtually unlimited number of tracks (max 11 tracks without in-app purchases)
- Group and Aux channels
- MIDI tracks with builtin synth featuring 128 General MIDI instrument sounds
- Pianoroll MIDI editor
- Step Sequencer
- On-screen MIDI keyboard
- EQ with Spectrum analyzer + chromatic tuner
- Import existing tracks
- Reverb, Echo, Chorus+Flanger, Tremolo, Pitch Shift, Phaser, Tube-Amp and Compression effects can be added to any track and master channel
- Automate track volumes and pan using volume and pan envelopes
- Share your recordings on Facebook
- Collaborate to create music with other musicians with the integrated Songtree online music making community
- Quick one touch drums and bass grooves tracks
- Built-in metronome , စတာေတြျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
N-Track Studio 8 Pro Music Daw v8.0.7 Apk
ေဆာ့ဖ္ဝဲအား ေအာက္ကလင့္ခ္ကိုႏိွပ္၍ေဒါင္းလုပ္
ရယူၿပီး အသံုးျပဳႏိုင္ပါၿပီ။
Download Here


At the heart of the collection is the Mechanical Wave Driver. This device is very much like a speaker cone, but attaches effectively to all the apparatus in the set.  The driver is powered by the Sine Wave Generator which is adjustable over a wide range of frequencies.

Mechanical Waves Value Pack

The Mechanical Wave Driver and Sine Wave Generator are used in all of the experiments.

A typical experiment which utilizes the driver is Standing Waves on a String.  A string is threaded through one of the fitted plugs for the driver and the other end is tied to a weight.  This is hung over a pulley or smooth surface and its weight provides a near-constant tension in the string.

2-waves-string

A variety of standing waves can be produced.  The frequencies will be in simple ratios, in this case 3 to 2.

 

The wave formulas can be checked against experiment, and usually generate good results.  The wavelength is the distance between two nodes, which are the points that do not move.  The places that move the most are called anti-nodes.  A good lab would be to prove that the product of λ and f  is a constant for a fixed length and tension.  An advanced lab could be to prove that the second formula is valid in any situation.

2-5-equations

The Tension is Mg where M is the mass hanging, and L is the length of the portion of string that is vibrating.  However, only the part that is vibrating is to be considered as “m.”  Therefore, it is helpful to know the total mass of the string and the total length of the string.  Then, measuring the unstretched length of the portion vibrating, one can estimate its mass accurately as a fraction of the total string.

3-spring-wavelengthStanding Longitudinal Waves on a Spring is the first accessory that you may wish try out from the value pack.

Attaching a spring to the apparatus will enable teachers and students to demonstrate longitudinal waves.  Standing wave experiments (similar to the string ones) can be performed, including investigating the same wave formulas listed above.  This device can serve as a useful analogy to sound, and students should be informed that all woodwind and brass instruments rely on standing longitudinal sound waves.

4-circles The Resonance Wire Loop apparatus provides a new perspective on wave propagation.

Aside from it being interesting, the Resonance Wire Loop device provides an opportunity to show that standing wave propagation does not necessarily mean reflection is involved.  In this case, the waves travel around the loop and cycle back upon themselves.  There is a further application to the mathematics and visualization of electron waves which are also circular waves in the early Bohr / de Broglie model of the atom.

5-standing-electron-waves

The standing electron waves model helps explain why electrons do not simply orbit any distance around the nucleus, but remain in specific resonant orbits.  Like any standing wave, an electron wavelength that does not resonate would interfere destructively with itself and be quickly canceled.

 

Students will naturally be confused about how the Bohr atomic shell model is evidence for quantum wave behavior.  But this device clarifies that the origin of the shells is a consequence of electrons behaving as standing waves.  Only integral wavelengths will cycle around constructively.

 

6-strips

Another device that serves both as a demo and as an analogy is the metal resonance strips.  These strips will vibrate only at their specific frequencies (and higher harmonics).  The application of this is that buildings can be destroyed when they resonate under the influence of earthquake waves.  For this reason, buildings are sometimes fitted with seismic dampeners which reduce these resonant vibrations.

7-chladni-roundThe round Chladni plate displays waves that are radially symmetric.

 

Chladni Plates are a classic physics demonstrations that every teacher should have in his or her classroom.  The plate is driven at various frequencies which produce unique wave patterns by moving sand grains away from places of large vibration toward nodal lines (where vibration is minimal). However, because the plate is flat (and not a string) there are many more paths for the transverse waves to vibrate through.  These waves reflect freely off the edges and interfere constructively to create interesting standing wave patterns.

8-juliusJulius Sumner Miller demonstrates that Chladni plates can be driven the old-fashion way, with a violin bow.

 

The plates can be vibrated with a violin bow, but this is not always available, takes practice, and must be driven in specific locations.  One advantage of bowing is that you get resonances that have the center as a node.  However, the mechanical wave driver offers the advantage of being able to resonate specific frequencies that work best.  Having specific driving frequencies also emphasizes that it is not skill that causes the pattern, but rather the natural resonances of the plate.

9-square

The square Chladni Plate can demonstrate a larger variety of patterns because of how the mass of the plate is not constant radially.  As the waves travel out from the center, the amount of mass that vibrates is dependent upon the direction.  This changes the speed at which the waves travel and thus the wavelength (and distance between nodes) thereby creating more intricate and surprising standing wave patterns.   The mathematics of this phenomena is challenging and if you are interested in further study I recommend the following articles from the American Journal of Physics:  Rossing, 50, (1982); Comer, et al, 72, (2004).

 

Mechanical Wave Value Pack

Mechanical Wave Value Pack

Product # P7-1500

$125.00

Mechanical Wave Driver

Mechanical Wave Driver

Product # P7-1000

$129.00

Sine Wave Generator

Sine Wave Generator

Product # P7-2000

$99.00

Resonance Wire Loop

Resonance Wire Loop

Product # P7-1500-02

$12.00

Metal Resonance Strips

Metal Resonance Strips

Product # P7-1500-05

$17.00

Longitudinal Wave Spring

Longitudinal Wave Spring

Product # P7-1500-01

$15.00

Transverse Wave String

Transverse Wave String

Product # P7-1500-03

$9.00

Holder and Allen Key

Holder and Allen Key

Product # P7-1500-06

$7.00

Sand and Shaker

Sand and Shaker

Product # P7-1500-07

$10.00


james_lincoln

James Lincoln

James Lincoln is an experienced physics teacher with graduate degrees in education and applied physics. He has become known nationally as a physics education expert specializing in original demonstrations, the history of physics, and innovative hands-on instruction.

The American Association of Physics Teachers and the Brown Foundation have funded his prior physics film series and SCAAPT’s New Physics Teacher Workshops.

Lincoln currently serves as the Chair of AAPT's Committee on Apparatus and has served as President of the Southern California Chapter of the AAPT, as a member of the California State Advisory for the Next Generation Science Standards, and as an AP Physics Exam Reader.  He has also produced Videos Series for UCLA’s Physics Demos Project, Arbor Scientific, eHow.com, About.com, and edX.org.


          Comment on What is “Splitting” Behavior by Kevin Behan        
Thanks for your input. The article and comments aren’t about metaphysics but rather it's about physics. We’re not discussing what dogs might be thinking, but what they’re feeling. We’re not talking about the psychological but rather the physical. The problem I have with the so-called simple interpretations of behavior is that it requires putting human thoughts into the minds of animals. But then how could that be simple if human thoughts took the longest to evolve and undoubtedly animals have been exhibiting such complex behavior long before there were any humans about? Instead my model is based on a physics of behavior, with human thoughts being reserved for humans as an adjunct to complex behavior rather than as a foundation of complex behavior. Nevertheless I can understand that since the language of physics concerns the logic of energy it might indeed strike one as metaphysical, but that would be a misreading. Horses and ducks are prey animals and I can imagine that they very well might exhibit the splitting behavior across the temperamental bandwidth because rapid movements outside the social continuum would be uniformly upsetting to their balance circuitry given their preyful makeup. But here I’m speaking of dogs and I’ve never observed a working dog of high drive capacity, feeling unnerved by other dogs moving rapidly in play. If a fight broke out, that on the other hand could possibly get an “ungrounded” high Drive dog to pile-on for a bite, (but even here the stronger dogs <<< Direct and Active with high Prey Threshold >>> not so much). Otherwise the strong Drive dogs weren’t knocked off balance by intense movements of a lesser order of magnitude because they loved hardy physical contact and they were either in or out depending on their mood at the moment.They were never concerned with the other dogs getting it on. Social behavior is synchronized movement (an energy logic). This means there is a tuned frequency to coordinated group action (a wave form). Now if the actions of some members become too intense for the comfort level of another, then it is being knocked off emotional equilibrium, out of rhythm and perceiving the other’s movements as a destabilizing static like input. These are the “splitters.” They are not enforcing rules, they are trying to return to equilibrium because they are most easily knocked off balance (I would also note that they are typically the most friendly).
          Massive Wave Anomalies Caught Coming from Antarctica Mystery Ross Sea Base?        
Yet again, MIMIC Map catches massive anomalies coming from Antarctica. This time we have two different events caught in the recent frames. The biggest being another massive wave formation that is once again being shot out above the Pacific Ocean.


As the MIMIC map showed this time two anomalies, I have tried to determine the source on Antarctica and it seems that the location must be in or close the Ross Sea.

The rough estimate and interpretation of the location of the source could be of course totally wrong, but if you see the images below then the anomalies point to a location in or next to the Ross Sea.


Now, the Scott Base a New Zealand Antarctic international research facility which is located at Pram Point on Ross Island which is close to the Ross Sea and while it doesn’t prove anything it is interesting to note that this base is in line with the supposed location from where the wave anomalies have been transmitted.


The Ross Sea and the mysterious surroundings seem to be an important part of the Antarctic given the fact that besides the activities of the International Scott Base, a few months ago, the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources decided that the 1.9 million square-mile Ross Sea will be the new marine protected area.

Despite the Ross Sea is now a protected area, China has selected a location for its first-ever airfield in Antarctica, which is to facilitate Beijing’s research efforts on the frozen continent, moreover, China is considering establishing a new Ross Sea base.

That China wants to establish a new base just in this new protected area, actually in the same area where the International Scott base is located, is interesting and it could only means, whether or not related to the strange wave anomalies, that there is something going on below the surface of the Ross Sea or in the surrounding area that has the highest attention of many governments throughout the world.

  wav

          The Butterfly Rooms, Saltaire 12 February 2011        
My friend the ceramicist Lis Holt invited me along to this newly opened gallery space above a sweet little gift shop on Bingley Road in Saltaire. I already have several pieces of her work in my collection so was delighted to see her latest pieces. She is showing her work alongside that of photographer Daniel Shiel and painter David Starley. All three artists had organised a 'meet the artist' afternoon and I spent a pleasant hour in the two sunny, white painted second floor rooms, glass of wine in hand chatting to the artists about their work.

The first room was given over entirely to David Starley's heavily impasto oil paintings. En masse the effect was rather overwhelming especially given the strong smell of drying paint and the vibrant colours of some of the work. The more brightly coloured scenes, for example the poppies in cornfields were not to my taste but the more thoughtful work like the gloomy canalway at the back of Salts Mill or the grey, rain-shined cobbles of Victoria Road in Saltaire suited the weight and mass of the technique.


Daniel Shiel 'Corrugated Iron 2'
The walls of the neighbouring room were more lightly hung with Daniel Shiel's exquisite photographs of both natural and man-made surface textures. The eye was caught by the extraordinarily beautiful patterns formed by the decayed surfaces of peeling paint, bleeding rust and bleached wood. Daniel uses the computer to further point up these patterns by creating collages and mosaics of the photographs. I particuarly loved the work called 'Saltaire iron and stone collage' showing a series of old iron staples set in lead rusting into their stone settings. It came as no surprise that Daniel, like me, trained as an archaeologist, he writes that he  "... considers the rich textures, patterns and colours evident in many everyday objects both natural and artificial: details often unseen and overlooked at first glance. The themes at the centre of my work are associations with the past, decay, destruction and loss."

Lis Holt 'Wave' next to Daniel Shiel collage
Lis Holt pots
It seemed that some of the rusty staining from Daniel's photographs had somehow made their way across into some of Lis Holt's normally mechanically-perfect matte blue glazes. Her Wave forms were all the better for it and all her pieces showed well against Daniel's work. Many of her vessel forms are inspired by those of ancient Aegean pottery and the full-bellied pots and single bowl displayed effectively in a deep recess beside the room's chimney breast looked as if they had been excavated from a sunken trading ship with their mottled or crusted surfaces and simple wave-like repetitive decoration.


The exhibition at The Butterfly Rooms continues until 26 February 2011. Details from their website www.thebutterflyrooms.co.uk 
          â€œThey” Can’t Read Your Thoughts … Right?         
by Makia Freeman; The Freedom Articles

Mind control technology is far advanced beyond what we know. And, thanks to certain whistleblowers and researchers, what we already know is truly scary. The worldwide conspiracy is all about control, and controlling your mind is one of its ultimate goals. This doesn’t mean just controlling the flow of information into your mind (via censorship and propaganda). It means literally controlling what you think and feel, piping thoughts and dreams into your mind subliminally (so you’ll never know it’s happening) and even erasing your memories or implanting false ones.

The current state of mind control technology is a highly dangerous weapon, and at this stage, the best thing we can do is to become more aware of it.

The Lilly Wave

Let’s begin with the Lilly wave (named after Dr. John C. Lilly, who worked at the US National Institutes for Health in areas including dolphin brain implants). In this discussion with Jeff Rense, Dr. Patrick Flanagan reveals how he was friends with Lilly. According to Flanagan, Lilly “developed technologies for bypassing the mechanism of the human brain that resist programming”.


By chance, Lilly later discovered that there were signals coming in from the power grid (with embedded ultrasonic wave forms and shapes) using his own invention, the Lilly wave, which had been weaponized (like just about everything). Flanagan also states that some of his own inventions were suppressed, taken and used for mind control purposes against the public. The article The Lilly Wave And Psychotronic Warfare states:
Read more »

          Allison Janney at the 2013 Emmy Awards        
Hair by Sienree Du

Allison Janney, star of the new CBS TV series
Mom, looked elegant as she presented two awards at the 2013 Primetime Emmy Awards with her costar Anna Faris. Allison paired her vibrant Lorena Sarbu gown with a cascade of romantic, touchable waves styled by Sienree Du. “I love Allison's charming and sexy personality,” Sienree said. “She is such a magnificent, funny, gorgeous woman, and I wanted to bring that personality out by creating a look that was relaxed but still polished. Her dress was already so elegant and rich that I wanted to balance it out with something less formal, more free, but still beautiful.”

Get the Look:
1. Prep hair with a mix of Supershine Moisturizing Cream and Royal Blowout Heat Styling Spray. “This combination is my favorite to control frizz and create a polished look,” Sienree said.
2. Use a medium-sized round brush to blow dry the hair, over-directing at the roots for volume and movement.
3. Curl the hair at the mid-shaft with a one-and-a-half-inch curling iron, leaving one inch out at the ends and making sure to curl each section in the same direction for wave formation.
4. Once everything is curled and cooled down, gently brush out curls with a soft bristle brush and gather the curls together on one side. Finish with Superfine Strong Hair Spray and Shine Light Reflecting Spray.
          huawei ascend mate 2        

hello everyone i am going to unbox this huawei mate 8 let's look at the box golden printed text on a black cardboard box logo and detail information printed on the side let's open the box first of all, we can see the phone and a text "huawei design" on the right side let's take out the phone

let's see what's inside the box. label with imei take out the cardboard we have the power adapter this is a uk power adapter support quick charge let's look at the detail it supports to output 5v 2a or 9v 2a here we have the second box

we have the headset and usb cable the headset looks like the one for iphone last box we have the sim tray pin there are also an envelope... and a plastic hard case there are documents and manuals inside. finally, let's look at the phone itself

well... the phone looks traditional... and looks like last years' mate 7 let's look at the screen pay attention to the edge of the screen you found a curved 2.5d design it feel nice on the hand no sharp edges it feels like there is a screen protector

in this angle, you can see how it looks like and the side of the phone is metal let's see all the side of the phone and there is a plastic white line, which is for the antenna we have the power button, and volume button on the right side another cut out for antenna

microphone and 3.5mm headphone jack on the top another antenna cut out on the left sim card and microsd tray here ear piece 8m pixel front facing camera light sensor there are huawei text on the bottom and circular texture found on the bottom under the screen glass

such texture also found in the ascend p7 on the back there is a finger print sensor dual color tone led flash 16 mega pixel rgbw main camera with ois the back cover is all metal at the upper part of the back cover it is a plastic instead of metal as a white line is not enough to produce an excellent signal

so huawei choose to make this piece all plastic and it's the same case at the bottom as a result, we found an exceptional reception and outstanding voice quality on this phone no wonder 3g or 4g, the signal quality is outstanding so... how large is this 6 inch phone? here i give you a reference... here we have a lg v10 their size are simular

they have almost the same height mate 8 is a bit wider then v10 their thickness are also close to each other we are going to turn on the phone but before that, let's insert the sim and sd card use the sim ejection pin and take out the sim and sd tray this is a dual-sim model nano sim supported

in case you are not using that, make sure you get one from your carrier pay attention that sim 2 and microsd are share that's mean you can only use one sim if you want to use microsd card let's put the microsd into the tray and then sim card slide the tray back to the phone carefully then we turn on the phone the phone boots up

the price of this phone is one third cheaper then most of the flagship phone however, something are missing in this phone for example, no ir blaster and the graphics performance is not the best in class however, huawei design its own cpu the hisilicon kirin 950 is a 64 bit, octa core processor huge 4000 mah battery and this is a standard version which has 3gb of ram

32gb of storage deluxe version has 4gb ram and 64gb storage micro sd card expansion slot 6 inchs 1080p ips monitor no 2k or 4k monitor but this save power but it still looks good compare with 2k monitor in my experience, i can't distinguish between 2k 4k or 1080p in this size of monitor as mention earlier, 16 mega pixel with ois 8 mega front facing camera

wifi support upto 802.11ac nfc payment supported bluetooth 4.2 and ble supported let's jump to the huawei emui interface. unlike most of the phone maker, chinese manufacturer use iphone like ui in short, no app drawer you have to launch or manage you app on the desktop the interface is quite smooth and snappy we can see that huawei working very hard to improve

its ui in the past, they are lacking of performance now they reach the flagship standard. this is not a chinese version, but hong kong version it's software is almost identical to international version but hong kong version support most of the carrier in china which international version lacks both international and hong kong version have google services pre-installed but lacking the fun and useful function that google does not allow.

there are a phone manager which can control the power plan, notification and app killer and data usage control and an extra app start up control for chinese version here we have 3 power plans performance, normal, and power save mode you can choose the one suite your need however, you don't need the power saving mode the battery performance is exceptional.

and there is an app protector you can put the app into the white list then it won't be killed when you turn off the screen this function help you save a lot of power it also prevent your phone to getting slow overtime. most of the chinese made phone have this phone manager installed and there is a data manager, which monitor the daily usage of your mobile data or wifi data you can also set a data limit there is also a pop-up blocker

you can control which apps are allowed to use pop up and the notification control can manage which app can send you notification. this also save power let's look at the camera interface it's looks the same as other huawei phone and something like iphone style however, it packed with much more useful and fun stuff there are modes for light tail, light painting, star tails... as you can see in the icon

there are 4 modes to play with you don't need to know about the shutter speed. what you need is a tripod, then you can play with those fun stuff that most of the phone cannot do i have tried to take fun phones with this phones, and loves them for video recording 4k video is not supported

1080p 60 fps is supported however, most of the so call 4k flagship only take 4k video with a 5 minutes limit 4k still not mature enough in mobile phone mate 8 only support a relatively lower resolution but the thermal control is good. i can't feel extra heat generated when taking video other phone like lg v10 or sony xperia s5 are hot when taking video

iphone 6s is the winner in 4k video nowadays, smart phone from china reach the standard of the leading brand. for example, huawei is a leading brand in china it's sales in other country such as america has grown. further more, huawei design its own cpu which shows a strong foundation in technological area like the market leader samsung and apple in the past two years, its kirin 920 cpu still 1 generation behind the market leader

but now it can compete with other flagship the only part to improve is the gpu which is 20% to 30% slower then its competitor so i really looking forward to the next gen of kirin 955 and for the cpu compatibility, the kirin family are pretty mature after a few generation something you should know huawei is well known of its tel commutation device

and has many of the patent related to 4g or mobile communication a strong foundation on telecom means better call experience and better connection for those company which has many patents, like nokia, have to exchange / share patents with huawei one main selling point is the "signal +" and "wifi+" "wifi+" will choose weather to use wifi or mobile data and turn on / off wifi automatically "signal+" can detect which signal is stronger and better

and switch to a better signal in almost no time if the signal is weak, it try another antenna to optimize the connection huawei also have its patent technology to improve both the signal quality and connection speed in my experience, mate 8 reception is far better than other phone and pick up signal faster then other phone last but not least, many of the mobile cell tower

telecom devices were made by huawei which works way better with huawei phone mate 8 have built-in nfc and support most of the nfc payment paywave and octopus in hong kong next, the finger print sensor first of all, we have to set a password after that, we can add a finger print

just put the finger on the sensor then the phone vibrate once repeat the steps and follow the on screen instructions also try to record with the edge of your finger let's try the finger print sensor you can press the power button then put the finger on the finger print sensor or you can unlock from the finger print sensor

without pressing the power button the speed of the finger print sensor is fast now let's test the loudness of the speaker the sound is not the loudest i have try but it is pretty solid there are holes at the both side of the phone one side is the microphone and the other side is speaker let's try the call function

and turn on the speaker phone there is a useful function you can control which direction of sound is recorded. this greatly improve the call quality if you are using speaker phone i have try many different phone, including common brand like apple, samsung, lg or htc phones and never seen this function before this function use two or more microphones to

cancel out unwanted sound from the surrounding for example, the top microphone used to record the unwanted sound and the microphone at the bottom get the voice from the user both sound channels were analysis and an inverse wave form of the noise where generated and subtracted to the sound source and cancel out most of the noise then let's talk about the keyboard

huawei have its own software keyboard apart from the basic functionality it works as a swipe keyboard which is good for one hand use. it also support other languages like chinese apart from the traditional chinese keyboard, you can enable handwriting right over the keys so you don't need to switch between keyboards and hand writing board. and as always, google voice recognition is supported

for almost all languages there is also a special function you can use your knuckles to capture the screen but you need to be firm it will be fail if you knock it gently you can also use your knuckles to draw an area and capture one part of the screen then you can resize the selected area or choose the default shapes

and you have to be firm and fast to make it works then you can click save to save it as a picture this is the screen capture we just made. it is handy to capture your screen in this way. at the current price point this phone is worth consider. as it performs really well with exceptional battery life and performance

with the price of a mid-range phone you've got flagship features and performance if you would expect chinese made phone should be cheaper, it is not the case the phone is more expensive then most of the chinese made phone however, this phone is worth the price someone may say i can pay a little bit more

for a lg v10 lg v10 is good, but... v10 is good at the camera and mate 8 is good at long battery life and good performance. there are lots of innovative design on the lg v10, for example, the second screen dual front facing camera ir blaster ... etc however, the battery life is not long enough

and the software optimization is not good mate 8 have a huge 4000mah battery good system software good reception and high performance handy knuckles gestures and patent call and connection technologies built-in which phone is good for you? it just depends on what you want and what you do most for the difference between mate 8 and v10,

please refer to the comparison video and as always, thanks for watching


          Visualizer20090814        

I am capturing the wave form by Kineme Audio tool.

by Quartz Composer

Cast: RINBOKU

Tags: Quartz Composer, visualizer and Kineme


          Corners n' Napkins        
preview

Corners n' Napkins

A pen takes to brick and flails, next is a filthy paper waiting thumbnail, a napkin chats about waiting in chairs at a reading to hear, turning the page a door slams eardrum pulsing last cigaret looks these are real corners encountered at the scale of napkins, inside & out what I have found, is a wave form, lunar lighting. stubble of stucco - I could tell you plenty about Stucco, but Corners n Napkins is not concerned with stucco, some corners trap, some corners - we do not know some corners we do, they Deify light, limes cool orange invites lizards to cross napkin relieves, napkin assures Napkin will take a Bullet for the Chief napkin taps at corners of mouth decides to lie & emphasize perfection can be achieved in the photography of napkin solicits its surface to write on and i love cycles of perfection to ruin some of these corners are severe they are hard corners you would not like in a prison guard we like the corner that wanders for god that cant, that wiggle, is ours

Published Wednesday, May 24, 2017 by Chris Sullivan
20 pages


          Zoom H4N PRO Handy Audio Recorder        
Zoom H4N PRO Handy Audio Recorder

Zoom H4N PRO Handy Audio Recorder

Zoom H4N PRO (H4NPRO, H4N/PRO, H4N-PRO, h4npro) Handy Audio Recorder   The H4n Pro is packed with features that make it perfect for capturing audio for film. The onboard X/Y microphones deliver spectacular stereo imaging, and two combo input jacks allow you to use your favorite microphones as well. It also includes a headphone/line out jack to easily send high-definition stereo directly to your camera. The Pro is perfect for capturing live performances. Capable of handling up to 140 dB SPL, it can record everything from ear-splitting heavy metal to bass-heavy EDM. Take a line-level* stereo feed from your mixing console and capture room ambience with the X/Y microphones to put your listeners front row center. * +4dBu line-level is not supported.   The H4n Pro provides the essential combination of mic’ing versatility, portability, and superior audio necessary for impactful storytelling. With support for plug-in power, you can use a lavalier to mic up your subject for podcasts or interviews. Record time-stamped WAV files to sync with video footage in post-production, or embed superior audio directly on your video in real-time through a ⅛" stereo feed   Podcasters and Journalists The H4n Pro provides the essential combination of mic’ing versatility, portability, and superior audio necessary for impactful storytelling. With support for plug-in power, you can use a lavalier to mic up your subject for podcasts or interviews. Record time-stamped WAV files to sync with video footage in post-production, or embed superior audio directly on your video in real-time through a ⅛" stereo feed.   Mobile Studio With overdubbing and punch-in features, as well as studio-grade instrument effects and emulators, you can create songs from start to finish. The Pro also functions as a 2-input/2-output USB audio interface for PC or Mac. Launch your favorite recording/editing software or use the included Cubase LE to start creating.     High-Performance Mic Preamps The Pro features the same high performance, low-noise mic preamps as our acclaimed Zoom H5 and H6 Handy Recorders, with recording and playback at resolutions up to 24-bit/96 kHz. The improved noise floor (-120 dBu EIN) captures audio at lower volumes with less noise and fewer artifacts.     Built-in Stereo Recording X/Y stereo recording covers a wide area while capturing sound sources in the center with clarity and definition. The angle of its two unidirectional condenser mics can easily be changed from 90 degrees for a tightly focused stereo image to 120 degrees for a wider image simply by twisting the mic capsules.   The H4n Pro provides an onboard MS decoder for Mid-Side recording with external microphones. This allows you to adjust the width of the stereo image, making it especially useful for sound design and broadcasting.     Inputs and Outputs Inputs The two locking combo connectors accept either XLR or ¼" balanced/unbalanced phone cables, handling mic- and line-level signals as well as instrument-level signals. Phantom Power of +24 or +48 volts can be applied to both inputs. Plus, there’s a stereo 1/8” Mic jack for external audio sources, including lavalier microphones requiring 2.5 volts of plug-in power.   Outputs A stereo ⅛" Line/Phone Out, with dedicated volume control, allows for headphone monitoring or connection to your DSLR, while the built-in monophonic speaker allows for quick playback reference.  In addition, a USB port enables fast file transfer, firmware updates, and use as a 2-in/2-out audio interface for computers.     Form Factor A new rubberized, ergonomic body is perfect for use in the field or with a camera, while new locking XLR/TRS connectors ensure your mic cables stay secure. Highly portable, the H4n Pro can travel anywhere for convenient mobile recording.   Three Ways to Record STEREO MODE uses the built-in X/Y microphones (or external mics) and is convenient for recording live performances, acoustic instruments, dialogue, and more.   In 4CH MODE, you can record with the built-in X/Y mics and two external inputs simultaneously, great for getting live room sound and a stereo board feed at the same time.   MTR MODE (Multi-track Mode) turns your device into a four-track studio, with built-in effects, overdub functions, and the ability to work with previously recorded sound files.   Recording Functions Pre-Record (for STEREO/4CH mode) Pre-Record ensures that you'll never miss the start of a great take. The device is continuously listening, keeping the previous two seconds* of audio whenever you hit RECORD.    *One second when recording at 96k or working 4CH mode.   Auto-Record (for STEREO/4CH mode) Auto-Record automatically starts recording when a user-set sound level is detected. There's also an Auto-Record Stop function, which ends the recording as soon as the incoming signal drops below the user-set stop level.   Remote Control Use the optional RC4 remote to control the H4n Pro. The RC4 allows you to start and stop recording, fast forward and rewind through your files, switch the input source, and set recording/playback levels at a distance while eliminating handling noise.     Onboard Effects The Pro offers studio-grade effects and emulators to enhance your recordings. Choose from a variety of effects, including compression, limiting, reverb, delay, echo, a low-cut filter, and more.   There's an onboard metronome and tuner, along with dozens of amp models and effects crafted for guitar and bass. Additionally, you can loop playback and adjust pitch and speed independently, making the H4n Pro a perfect tool for phrase training.     Supported File Types The Pro records audio in both WAV and MP3 formats. It supports 16- and 24-bit WAV audio at sampling rates of 44.1, 48, or 96 kHz. The WAV files are automatically time-stamped, making them Broadcast Wave Format (BWF) compliant, allowing precise synchronization in post-production.   Battery Life and Recording Times The H4n Pro runs on 2 AA batteries, providing up to 6 hours in normal operation, or up to 10 hours when operating in STAMINA mode. An optional AD-14 AC adapter allows the H4n Pro to be powered from any standard wall outlet.   The H4n Pro accepts SD and SDHC cards up to 32 gigabytes. The charts below show maximum recording times for different file types and card sizes.   Edit and Record Software Included The H4n Pro comes with free download licenses for Steinberg’s Cubase LE music production software and WaveLab LE audio editing software, representing a complete audio production toolkit. Create your own music utilizing the Pro’s USB audio interface function or expand your capabilities with Steinberg’s renowned audio software.   Currently shipping with: Cubase LE8 for Mac OS X 10.9/10.10 and Windows 7/8/8.1 Wavelab LE8 for Mac OS X 10.8, 10.9, 10.10 and Windows 7/8/8.1/10   Edit and Record Software Included The H4n Pro comes with free download licenses for Steinberg’s Cubase LE music production software and WaveLab LE audio editing software, representing a complete audio production toolkit. Create your own music utilizing the Pro’s USB audio interface function or expand your capabilities with Steinberg’s renowned audio software.     Currently shipping with: Cubase LE8 for Mac OS X 10.9/10.10 and Windows 7/8/8.1 Wavelab LE8 for Mac OS X 10.8, 10.9, 10.10 and Windows 7/8/8.1/10       Features at a Glance   Four-track simultaneous recording  High-fidelity mic preamps Built-in X/Y stereo microphones, adjustable between 90˚ and 120˚ Record up to 140 dB SPL with X/Y microphones Two mic/line level inputs with XLR/TRS combo connectors  Stereo 1/8" Mic In mini phone jack +24 or +48V phantom power for main inputs and Plug-in power (2.5V) via Mic/Line In mini phone jack Output/headphone jack with dedicated volume control New rubberized and ergonomic body with improved 1.9 inch backlit LCD display Built-in reference speaker for fast playback Records directly to SD and SDHC cards up to 32 GB Supports up to 24-bit/96 kHz audio in BWF-compliant WAV or a variety of MP3 formats Onboard Mid-Side decoding Internal mixdown: four-track to stereo and stereo to dual mono Up to 99 marks per recording Built-in effects, including compression/limiting, low-cut filtering, modulation, reverb/delay and amp models Normalize (maximum gain) and Divide (file splitting) functions Chromatic tuner and metronome Loop playback with user-defined start and stop points Variable playback speed, from 50% to 150%, without affecting pitch Variable pitch without affecting playback speed USB port for file transfer to and from computer 2-in/2-out USB audio interface for PC/Mac computers Mounts to mic stand or tripod, or directly to DSLR with optional Hot Shoe adapter Runs on 2 standard AA alkaline or NiMH rechargeable batteries with up to 6 hours of operation (up to 10 hours in Stamina mode) Accessories What's included with the H4n Pro:   H4n Pro Handy Recorder Protective case 2 x AA batteries Operation manual Download license for Steinberg Cubase LE and WaveLab LE software Optional H4nSP accessories:   PCH-4n Protective Case (compatible with both Zoom H4n and H4n Pro Handy Recorders) WSU-1 Universal hairy windscreen MA-2 mic clip adapter RC4 wired remote control HS-1 Hot Shoe Mount Adapter AD-14 AC adapter H4n Pro Accessory Package (APH-4nPro)* includes:   Hairy windscreen Splitter cable Attenuator cable USB cable AD-14 AC adapter    


          The Mandala is Only Sand        
We had been discussing the Vedanta concept of Mithya.  Mithya is that which has no independent reality, that which is just appearance.  Mithya really is easy to understand.  

The wave is Mithya.  The wave forms, it rises up and goes on for a while.  It crashes to the shore and dissipates.  It has a clear beginning, a life of it's own, and a clear ending.  Wave can be discussed, pointed to, and even enjoyed (just ask a surfer).  Yet Wave is nothing but Ocean.  It is something ocean is doing, it is an expression of ocean.  Wave has no independent reality, no independent existence.  Although it began, went for a while, then ended, it really was nothing but Ocean, or water.  Wave is a form OF water.  Yet we talk of wave, wave has particular attributes by which we can identify it.  We can differentiate a wave from a grilled cheese sandwich.  Yet wave has no real independence or existence.

This is mithya.  It is the truth that these "things", although they are describable and undeniable, have no actual existence of their own.  We talk of birth and death - the wave was born and it dies.  But nothing new came into existence.  Ocean simply expressed in that particular, identifiable way for a while, then it stopped.  That's what is meant by mithya.  If you're a Buddhist, we might say - the mandala, although very intricate and beautiful, is really nothing but a pile of sand.

So birth might be said to be the new expression of something that actually DOES exist.  But we are fooled by it.  We give wave it's own existence.  We say it exists independently of ocean, as some "thing".  But was that ever true?  Do you see that, although that's really the way you think of "things" - that's the way you give reality and independence to the world, it really was never true?

No matter what we look at, the tree, the cloud, the bird, the thought - these "things" are expressions or "waves" OF something that exists.  They don't come into existence anew, as new "things", as independent, separate existences.  They are OF something - OF something that exists.

So what IS IT, that exists?  The tree is there, the cloud is there, the thought is there.  If we boil those things down, we find molecules, atoms, quarks, energy...  we always come down to something which is undefinable, something which IS, yet we can't put our finger on it.  We might call that Life or Intelligence or something like that - but it's pretty easy to recognize that whatever that "thing" is, it's ultimately just a pattern or expression of that "something", that IS-ness, that which exists, even though we can't ever define it.

Something exists - that "something" IS - and that IS-ness is appearing - right now.  There is a tree, a cloud, a  bird, a thought...  these are like the wave - coming and going.  But what IS can't come and go - only those patterns OF it.  What-IS remains while the wave comes and goes, the thought pops up and dissipates, the tree sprouts, lives for a while, then dies.  Those "things" are really just that Essence, that Which-IS- call it Life or Brahman or Intelligence.  

You know you exist.  You can't ever deny that you exist.  You are here.  You are aware.  You are present.  YOU are THAT existence, THAT IS-ness, that which IS.  Right now THAT is aware, THAT is what is knowing, what is manifesting in a million-trillion ways, aware of itself due to this mechanism we call Consciousness.  That IS-ness is aware of itself - yet it takes itself as some "thing" - the mind has this habit of applying "thingness" to these appearances and never realizes that they are not independent and separate.  So that IS-ness or Life is aware of this confusion - the identification is with the appearance - the identity is with the story of it all.

In reality, aren't you just that ultimate essence, that which IS, that which EXISTS?  When you boil down the wave, the tree, the cloud, the bird, the thought, the story of ME, can you ever really find a multitude of existences?

And isn't that existence, right now, what is really reading this?

          Oniric - Polished : AbsolutelyYou can download the...        
Author: oniric
Subject: 93222
Posted: July 10 2013 at 02:22

Absolutely

You can download the full album in wave format here:

http://www.oniric.it/public/oniric_2013_polished_wav.zip

or in mp3 format here:

http://www.oniric.it/public/oniric_2013_polished_mp3.zip

hope you enjoy it!

Walter

          Take your tech and shove it!        
This is where all the trouble began

Okay, before I begin, I need to confess.  More than a half century ago I turned in my press card and took a job in advertising. No excuses. I’m just telling it like it is. Or was.

My first advertising assignment was to write copy for IBM’s corporate campaign. The advertising was designed by my bosses — I swear this is the truth — to convince people that not only were computers incapable of thinking, but that they were also of incapable of taking jobs away. 

Don’t be afraid. It’ll flash
it’ll blink, but it won’t think.

Remember, this was back when a computer was a bunch of metal boxes that could nearly fill a banquet hall, and people were terrified of  those flashing, blinking, whirring “thinking machines.” I was instructed to tell people that computers would “electronically compare” millions of tiny bits of data and use this data to save lives and do other impossibly wonderful things for humanity, 

My first ever-published advertising headline said, “IBM computers don’t think, but they do help find rare blood to save a life.” (The ad had to do with computers browsing blood donor files to find, say, a pint of type AB Negative, so that an army of desperate clerks wouldn’t have to. Instead, I suppose, the clerks were free to anxiously wring their hands.)

Another of my ads revealed that “IBM computers don’t think, but they do help find lost ships at sea.” Yup, another info retrieval story. Notice, in both headlines — and in others that followed — computers never actually did anything. They just helped do the job, which was a task that still belonged to people. 

One ad even joyfully revealed that computers would “help make bank lines shorter,” a considerable benefit back when there was no such thing as automatic deposit or cash machines, and long payday bank lines could eat up an entire lunch hour. Alas, when I last went to a human-staffed teller window at my bank a few months ago, there was still a long line. But there were only two tellers in a bank that used to have over twenty  of them.

The other eighteen tellers? The copy used to say computers were freeing up people so they’d have more time to think. My guess is, they’re thinking, “How the hell am I going to find a new job?”

The TV spot that terrified
an ad agency biggie

Eventually, the campaign got on television and somebody, not I because I was too junior, was assigned to write a TV spot about computerized speech synthesis. (Hey Siri, did I spell “synthesis” right?) At any rate I was there when another proud copywriter unveiled his storyboard, which involved scientists staring at displays of wave forms on oscilloscope tubes, while other scientists spoke into microphones to generate the wave forms, while still other scientists studied how babies learn to speak. 

In the last few seconds,  somebody feeds a piece of film with nothing but a wave form on it into a computer, and the computer was supposed to cry, “Mama!”

The most senior account manager in the room was the first to try to murder the copywriter. “You crazy sonofabitch!” he yelled. “That’s going to scare the living crap out of people! Who hired this nincompoop?”

Needless to say, the commercial was never made, and the storyboard was buried in an unmarked grave.  

All this by way of bringing up a study reported on in an advertising trade journal called “Campaign,” under the headline, "IBM study finds most people are disappointed with digital brand experiences.”

Ya think?

IBM exec is shocked. Shocked!

You bet. In fact, “the results were ‘shocking,’” according to Robert Schwartz, Global Lead of Strategy and Design at IBM’s Interactive Experience Division.” I’ll pause for a moment in case you tried to say that name and title out loud and need to unclench your jaw and catch your breath. 

All set now?

Turns out — who’d-a thunk it? — that rather than spend half their lives pressing buttons or talking their way through phone trees to explain that the cable is out, and they’ve already unplugged the flippin’ cable box and then plugged it back in, and whatever else the machine tells freaked out people to do while they’re missing their favorite shows….turns out people would rather speak to a live human being.

Read between the lines and what you discover is that the “consumer experience” sucks whenever corporations throw people out of work and tell machines to answer the phone and deal with customers. 

Listen up, corporations. “Didn’t work as expected,” was the top reason “consumers are disappointed” with your damn habit of throwing people out of work and having machines answer the phone so that you can reduce your payroll. That’s quickly followed up by “Not convenient,” “Hard to use” and “Too confusing.”

Do the captains of America’s C-suites give a flying microchip? Not if the last incident with United Airlines is any indication. Corporations will try to get away with as much as they can, and let the customer get roasted in hell for eternity, as long as the company gets ever-increasing profits. 

Business doesn’t love you.
It loves profits. Period.

Industry will ignore you. It will have machines that can’t quite grasp your problem talk to you. It will beat the stuffing out of you on an airplane, or rip you off if you deposit at their bank, or chase you to the deep end of hell for the money you owe on your student loan….and the list goes on.

That’s why government regulation is so important, and why Donald Trump has done immeasurable damage to this nation — and continues to do it every time he underfunds, underpopulates, or undercuts a government regulatory agency.

Yes, we need capitalism. We also need vicious guard dogs. But both need to be kept on a tight leash.

Donald Trump, you see, is like a computer. He doesn’t think. But he does help destroy whatever used to be civil in civilization.


Over to you, Congress. Oh wait, I forgot.


          THE B-52 EN EL BENICASSIM        

The B-52's son una banda de New Wave formada en la ciudad de Athens, Georgia, un importante centro de rock alternativo. El nombre de la banda viene del avión Boeing B-52, bombarderos usados por la Fuerza Aérea de los Estados Unidos.Actuaran en el Fib Heinenken 2007.

          DotA 6.74 Map Download and Changelogs        
DotA 6.74 Map Download and Changelogs. DotA 6.74 Official Map has just released by icefrog. DotA 6.74 is the next map of DotA 6.73c series. Check out the download links and changelogs of DotA 6.74.


DotA 6.74 Changelogs:

Heroes

Alchemist
- Armor increased by 1
- Unstable Concoction max damage increased from 120/180/240/300 to 130/200/270/340

Batrider
- Flame Break is now a targeted AoE spell

It no longer explodes on the first unit in a path. It travels towards the targeted destination and does its effect there. Projectile speed 900 (instead of 750)


Bone Fletcher
- Death Pact damage bonus increased from 4/6/8% to 5/6.5/8%
- Death Pact hp bonus increased from 50/60/70% to 50/65/80%

Bristleback
- Quill Spray damage cap increased from 180 to 220

Centaur Warchief
- Great Fortitude strength bonus increased from 12/24/36 to 15/30/45
- Return base damage increased from 16 to 16/18/20/22

Clockwerk
- Power Cogs HP/Mana drain increased from 55/70/85/100 to 60/90/120/150

Crystal Maiden
- Freezing Field AoE increased by 100 (Explosion AoE adjusted to keep damage probabilities equivalate)

Dark Seer
- Wall of Replica illusions take 300% damage (up from 250%)
- Wall of Replica Aghanim bonus no longer creates allied illusions
- Wall of Replica Aghanim bonus now increases illusion damage from 70/80/90 to 100/120/140% instead

Doom Bringer
- Level Death bonus damage increased from 250 to 275

Dragonus
- Base Intelligence increased by 3
- Arcane Bolt bonus intelligence damage increased from 1.5x to 1.6x
- Arcane Bolt manacost decreased from 90 to 70
- Concussive Shot cooldown now scales from 20 to 20/19/18/17

Drow Ranger
- Silence AoE increased from 275 to 300

Ember Spirit
- Armor reduced by 1
- Base Strength decreased from 21 to 19
- Flame Guard health barrier reduced from 100/250/400/550 to 50/200/350/500
- Fire Remnant damage decreased from 140/180/220 to 120/160/200
- Searing Chains targets decreased from 3 to 2 random units

Enigma
- Black hole now prevents heroes being Forced out with Force Staff

Furion
- Wrath of Nature manacost increased from 150/175/200 to 150/200/250
- Teleportation manacost no longer decreases per level (constant 50)

Goblin Shredder
- Timber Chain damage increased from 80/120/160/200 to 100/140/180/220

Gyrocopter
- Homing Missile maximum damage (at 2k range) increased from 100/200/300/400 to 110/220/330/440
- Rocket Barrage damage increased from 10/13/16/19 to 11/14/17/20

Invoker
- Chaos Meteor damage increased from 80+Exort*30 to 80+Exort*35
- Chaos Meteor land time decreased from 1.5 to 1.3
- EMP can no longer hit Invulnerable/Tornadoed units
- EMP cooldown increased from 25 to 30 seconds
- Sun Strike damage type changed from Magical to Pure
- Sun Strike now reveals the area it will hit before the damage impact
- Tornado cooldown increased from 25 to 30 seconds
- Tornado Damage decreased from 77.5+(Wex+Quas)*23 to 70+(Wex+Quas)*20

Juggernaut
- Omnislash now gives Juggernaut 200 flying vision during its duration

Keeper of the Light
- Mana Leak stun duration increased from 1.25/1.5/1.75/2 to 1.3/1.6/1.9/2.2

Kunkka
- Torrent AOE increased from 200 to 215
- X Marks The Spot cooldown decreased from 20 to 16 seconds
- Ghost Ship stun duration increased from 1.2 to 1.4

Lanaya
- Psi Blades bonus range increased from 40/100/160/220 to 60/120/180/240

Legion Commander
- Moment of Courage cooldown increased from 0.9 to 1.2

Lina Inverse
- Fiery Soul attack speed bonus increased from 30/40/50/60 to 40/50/60/70
- Fiery Soul movement speed bonus increased from 3/4/5/6 to 4/5/6/7%

Lion
- Voodoo cooldown increased from 13 to 15
- Voodoo manacost increased from 110/140/170/200 to 125/150/175/200
- Voodoo duration increased from 1.25/2/2.75/3.5 to 1.75/2.5/3.25/4

Luna
- Moon Glaive damage decrease per bounce decreased from 35% to 30%

Magnataur
- Skewer will now cast in the direction you targeted if you cast it beyond the max range

Medusa
- Split Shot now shoots 5 arrows instead of 4

Morphling
- Morph passively grants 3/4/5/6 agility and strength
- Wave Form now properly dodges projectiles

Naga Siren
- Changed Rip Tide cast mechanism

Rip Tide now casts in a 450 aoe around naga and all of her illusions. Enemies can be fully affected by the Illusion's aoe. The effect does not stack. No longer uses cast point.

Ability Code: A2KU


Nerubian Assassin
- Urna Swarm replaced with a new spell

Urna Swarm will be reused for a future hero.

Spiked Carapace:
=================
Temporarily enhances the Assassin's chitinous armor with organic barbs, causing him to prevent and reflect the next player based damage instance and stuns the target. Lasts 4.5 seconds.

Duration: 4.5 seconds
Damage return: 100% (after resistance on your hero)
Stun: 0.6/1.2/1.8/2.4
Cooldown: 10
Manacost: 50

Note: Only triggers on player based damage, both physical and magical. Does not prevent status debuffs. Spikes visually grow out of the hero when he is in this state.

Ability Code: A2KO


Necrolyte
- Heartstopper damage increased from 0.5/0.7/0.9/1.1 to 0.6/0.8/1/1.2
- Sadist level 4 mana regen increased from 48 to 60

Ogre Magi
- Added Aghanim's Scepter

Gives his other head the ability to cast a more primitive version of Fireblast. It has a constant (not modified by ultimate/level) 275 damage, 1.5 second stun, 20 cooldown, 400 manacost. It can trigger multicast. This is an independent 5th skill added to his ability card.

Ability Code: A2KQ


Phantom Assassin
- Phantom Strike cast range increased from 700/800/900/1000 to 1000
- Phantom Strike cooldown rescaled from 20/15/10/5 to 14/11/8/5

Priestess of the Moon
- Moonlight Shadow cooldown decreased from 180/160/140 to 160/140/120

Puck
- Ethereal Jaunt now dodges projectiles
- Phase Shift autocast removed
- Phase Shift manacost removed
- Phase Shift level 4 duration increased from 3 to 3.25 seconds
- Aghanim Upgraded Dream Coil no longer increases the manacost from the base spell

Pugna
- Decrepify cast range increased from 550/600/650/700 to 700
- Life Drain damage increased from 100/150/200 to 120/160/200 (with Aghanim's from 175/225/275 to 180/240/300)

Queen of Pain
- Shadow Strike initial damage increased from 50/70/70/100 to 50/75/100/125

Razor
- Unstable Current damage increased from 40/60/80/100 to 40/70/100/130

Shadow Fiend
- Necromastery now gives 6 souls for killing a hero (instead of 1)
- Necromastery soul count increased from 8/16/24/32 to 12/20/28/36

Sniper
- Headshot damage increased from 30/30/40/50 to 30/40/50/60

Storm Spirit
- Ball Lightning now properly dodges projectiles

Techies
- Attack range increased from 650 to 700

Tinker
- March of the Machines duration increased from 5 to 6 seconds

Troll Warlord
- Battle Trance attack speed bonus increased from 60/100/140 to 60/120/180

Viper
- Poison Attack damage increased from 6/12/18/24 to 10/16/22/28
- Fixed Poison Attack damage not being lethal

Visage
- Familiar's armor increased from 0 to 0/1/2
- Gravekeeper's Cloak recovery time decreased from 14/12/10/8 to 12/10/8/6

Warlock
- Infernal's Permanent Immolation damage increased from 20/30/40 to 30/40/50 per second
- Shadow Word duration increased from 8 to 9 seconds

Items

Animal Courier
- Courier cost decreased from 170 to 150

Bloodstone
- HP regen increased by 1 to equal the sum of its parts

Ethereal Blade
- Ether Blast slow increased from 60% to 80%

Eye of Skadi
- Cold Attack slow duration increased from 2/4 (range/melee) to 3/5

Flying Courier
- Flying Courier cost increased from 200 to 220

Mjollnir
- Mjollnir's Static Shock can now be cast on non-hero units as well (like Infernals)

Tranquil Boots
- Can now be disassembled
- Damage instances before breaking increased from 3 to 4
- Rejuvenate heal increased from 150 to 170

Sange & Yasha
- Sange and Yasha can now be disassembled

Veil of Discord
- Discord duration increased from 15 to 20 seconds

Cosmetics and Gameplay

- Added Wisp, Disruptor and Rubick to CM
- Courier death team bounty can only trigger while no couriers are dead
- Courier death team bounty from 150 to 175
- Added a new ability on the courier to go to the secret shop
- Removed Unexplored Fog of War
- Cheese no longer requires 5 mana to use
- Range creeps mana pool increased from 300 to 500
- Harpy's Chain Lightning cooldown from 6 to 4 seconds
- Satyr Trickster purge manacost decreased from 150 to 120
- Satyr Hellcaller HP regen aura increased from 3 to 4

Bugs

* Fixed a bug with Fire Remnant targeting and Essence Aura
* Fixed Moment of Courage not having a learn hotkey
* Fixed a fatal error possible with Tether
* Fixed a bug with Fire Remnant when cast on self
* Fixed Psi Blades not affecting a very small area right behind the initial target
* Fixed Forged Spirits dying instantly when affected by Smoke of Deceit

Download Links : DotA 6.74

          iZotope Iris (AU,RTAS,AS,VST,VST3,Standalone) [Mac OSX]        

  IZotope – Iris is an innovative re-synthesizer that makes it easy to create unheard of sounds. Dissect your sound samples using the spectrogram display and convenient selection tools to emphasize the most interesting spectral characteristics. Mix and layer the modified samples, then amplify their effect with wave forms of the sub-oscillator. Extras. information Plug-in formats: Pro Tools… Read More »

The post iZotope Iris (AU,RTAS,AS,VST,VST3,Standalone) [Mac OSX] appeared first on VSTI Torrent.


          Pioneer CDJ-2000 NXS2        
The new Pioneer CDJ-2000 NXS2 inherits all the top features that the CDJ-2000 Nexus has plus these great new additions: Pioneer DJ brings the next update of their flagship CDJ-2000 with the NXS2, the Pioneer CDJ-2000 NXS2 now has support for FLAC/Apple lossless Audio (ALAC) allowing producers to create music in this high quality format. The new Pioneer CDJ2000 NXS2 has had a screen upgrade with a high resolution touch screen display for more intuitive control and improved browsing. The CDJ2000 NXS2 also has the addition of a Qwerty keyboard and Track filter search which gives the DJ even more control over Rekordbox. Within the new full colour high resolution screen on the CDJ2000 Nexus 2 you get a more detailed view of Rekordbox information and instant access to all the pro features. Another upgrade to the CDJ2000 NXS2 are the addition of 2 banks of 4 hot cues which gives you a total of 8, If that's not enough you can also hook up a DDJ-SP1 to add more hot cues, loops etc.... The Pioneer CDJ-2000 NXS2 partners up with the new Pioneer DJM-900 NXS2 Pro DJ Mixer. New features of the CDJ-2000NXS2:1. Enhanced, next generation sound with support for FLAC/ALAC filesEvery aspect of the CDJ-2000NXS2's sound design has been fine-tuned to produce a crisper, clearer sound and support the highest quality formats:96 kHz/24-bit sound card: high-res sound reproduction with no loss of quality.FLAC and ALAC support: play with the highest quality formats.Improved Digital Out: ensures a detailed reproduction of high-res audio.32-bit D/A converter: eliminates distortion and noise on analogue sources.Separate analogue power supply: reduces unwanted noise.2. Full-colour touch screen with faster browsing and more detailed track information The CDJ-2000NXS2 has a high resolution, 7-inch touch screen, and adds a host of features for faster browsing and more intuitive performances:Track Filter mode: use the touch screen to filter tracks by rekordbox information such as BPM, key or My Tags.Keyword search: bring up the Qwerty keyboard to search for tracks by name.Multicoloured wave display: full-colour wave form and Wave Zoom.Needle Countdown: touch a point in the track to see how many beats away it is.Shortcut button: instantly switch to Browse mode or bring up My Settings.3. Expanded performance features for even greater possibilities and creativityThe CDJ-2000NXS2 builds on its predecessor's most popular features – including Beat Sync, Slip Mode and Hot Cue Auto Load – and takes it up a gear with:8 colour-coded Hot Cues: two banks of four Hot Cues deliver even more choice and control in the mix. Either set the cues and colours in rekordbox or use the simplified workflow to set them on-the-fly.MIDI controller interface: connect the DDJ-SP1 add-on controller with one USB cable to control up to 4 CDJ-2000NXS2s using Pro DJ Link – giving you instant access to more Hot Cues, loops, slip mode and browsing.Fractional beat Quantize: choose between ⅛, ¼ and ½ beat Quantize for more precision and versatility.4. Pro DJ Link enables even more featuresPro DJ Link lets you share one source across up to four players and unlocks a host of information and features such as Beat Sync and Beat Countdown. Now we've added: More detailed Phase Meter: see the track's progression through the bar, beats and between the beats.Improved beat grids: beat grids are now accurate to the microsecond, exactly matching the rekordbox beat grid for total reliability over the course of a mix.Quantized Beat Jump: jump backwards or forwards 1 beat from the current playback position.5. See full rekordbox track information including NEW colour-coded Memory CuesAs always, you can analyse and prepare your tracks in rekordbox and view vital information on the player's screen, including BPM, Beat Countdown and Phase Meter. New to the CDJ-2000NXS2 are Memory Cues, which let you name a cue, e.g. 'my breakdown', give it a colour, and then see that information on the CDJ-2000NXS2's screen.6. Other featuresSupports rekordbox dj HID control – a rekordbox dj add-on that will be available soon.Three-position lever for Slip Reverse, Forward and Reverse.Multicoloured USB port light: shows a colour you've pre-set in rekordbox (e.g. blue for a techno USB stick) when you plug the USB stick in.Auto-standbyHigh quality, anti-scratch aluminium top plate.

          Cucusoft All Audio/Video to MP3/WAV Converter        
Cucusoft All Audio/Video to MP3/WAV Converter is powerful MP3/WAV creator from almost all kinds of windows Audio and Video media file. Media format include video and audio, including avi, mpeg, wma, asf, RM, RAM, RMVB and wave format.
          Share music through the Skype call        
Yesterday, we released a new version Evaer call recorder for Skype software.  The new version Evaer video recorder has added a new tool – Evaer sound sharer.  It can “Share music through the Skype call” .   And the Evaer sound sharer for Skype is FREE. Please add the wave format file (16bit mono format) or […]
          Taylor Swift & Karlie Kloss        

Best friends Taylor Swift and Karlie Kloss grace the March 2015 cover of Vogue. “The shoot took place in Malibu in the hills,” said Garren, who used all R+Co products including the new ANALOG Cleansing Foam Conditioner. “We were inspired by their summer road trip to Big Sur.” Throughout the day, especially for the windier moments of the shoot, Garren set the ladies’ looks with OUTER SPACE Flexible Hairspray.

Get Karlie’s Look:
1. Use ANALOG Cleansing Foam Conditioner. “Karlie’s hair is fine and color-treated, so ANALOG maintained her lightened, golden blonde hue and natural texture for easy styling,” explained Garren.
2. Apply DALLAS Thickening Spray all over the hair. Add CHIFFON Styling Mousse on the bottom two inches of the hair.
3. Loosely blow-dry the hair upside down with a diffuser for volume. Once the hair is about 70-percent dry, flip the hair back up.
4. Create a side part and encourage waves with a loose finger-wave formation, clipping them into position, or take large sections of the hair and spiral them around a curling wand. Shake the hair loose for beachy movement.
5. Use DEATH VALLEY Dry Shampoo to make the hair fuller and ROCKAWAY Salt Spray to maintain texture.

Get Taylor’s Look:
1. Use ANALOG Cleansing Foam Conditioner. “Taylor has thick, naturally wavy hair, and ANALOG helped give it a nice, rough texture without being heavy,” explained Garren.
2. Spray ONE Prep Spray throughout the hair and a little DALLAS Thickening Spray on the mid-lengths to ends. Create a side part and side-sweep the bangs off of the face. Use a diffuser to dry the hair.
3. Use TINSEL Smoothing Oil and DEATH VALLEY Dry Shampoo to lift the hair andto make it piecier.


          Is capitalism ’mutating’ into an infotech utopia?        

“He needs to take into greater account the impact of technology on both increased exploitation of labour and the dominance of the finance sector.” Review of Paul Mason’s ‘PostCapitalism: A Guide to Our Future’ (Allen Lane, 2015) 

Living Large - Argonne's First Computer. Living Large - Argonne's First Computer, 1953. Wikicommons/ENERGY.GOV. Some rights reserved.This book is an intellectually exhilarating read. While I have reservations about Mason’s thesis, I would recommend PostCapitalism to anyone interested in history, political thought, the past, present and future of info-tech, and above all, the future of capitalism. Mason draws on thinkers as diverse as Karl Marx, Herbert Marcuse and the management guru, Peter Drucker. In searching for an understanding of how capitalism may progress from here, his book draws on, and spans, a range of disciplines – history, physics (the wave form) engineering (of aircraft turbofans), computer science, economics, and political and social theory.

All this, added to his skill as a writer and his knack of drawing on his own (and his grandmother’s) lived experience in northern working class Britain, results in a book that is passionate, rigorous and challenging. Regrettably he has not included a bibliography. That would have taken up many pages, as the breadth of his sources is remarkable. As a result he has added many volumes to my reading list.

Finally Mason outlines a vision that is not entirely improbable, but could also be defined as utopian. In this unequal and divided world, we need more utopians. So despite my own pessimism about his thesis, I do recommend that you read Mason’s book.

Capitalism’s mutations

Throughout the book Mason presents capitalism as an apparently abstract force, subject to cyclical “mutations” (a word that pops up frequently).

Mutation is a natural process that changes a DNA sequence in for example, a virus. So capitalism for Mason is like a virus that may mutate into a more benign, collective and collaborative form of human activity.

By defining capitalism in this way, Mason does not attempt to identify and differentiate between the forces, or groups of individuals driving capitalism. Are they today’s oligopolists? Are they the drivers behind for example, Amazon, Microsoft, Apple? Are they organized in for example, the Bilderberg group and do they visit Davos each year? Or can they be found in Wall St, Frankfurt and the City of London? Mason keeps us in the dark. In fact insofar as he has a preoccupation with capitalists, it is with a particular group: industrial capitalists engaged in tangible and intangible modes of production, namely infotech.

Interestingly, while the working class in Mason’s account exercises agency over capitalism – resisting wage cuts, adapting to technology, organizing around technological change – capitalism’s dominant class appears not to have such power. Instead “it” – capitalism - is subject to underlying forces. “It” “adapts and morphs” into fifty-year patterns or mutations that rise and fall in long waves of capital investment in accordance with Kondratieff’s theory of long waves.

“Capitalism’s tendency” Mason writes “is not to collapse, but rather, to mutate.” (p.34)

There is one period, and one chapter in the book (Chapter 4) in which Mason acknowledges that capitalism, in particular the finance sector, was once subdued. This is the post-war period, known to most economists as the Golden Age of Economics. Mason acknowledges (p.81) that:

“the crucial factor that underpinned economic reality in the 1950s and 60s was a stable international currency system, and the effective suppression of financial markets.”

He notes:

“strict limits on bank leverage were imposed by law and ‘moral suasion – quiet pressure from central banks on banks that lent too much. ...The result created a form of capitalism that was profoundly national. Banks and pension funds were required by law to hold the debt of their own countries; and they were discouraged from making cross-border financial trades. Add to that an explicit ceiling on interest rates and you have what we now call ‘financial repression’.”

“Financial repression” as PRIME’s Jeremy Smith argues here, is self-evidently a metaphor and a pejorative one at that. Someone or something is kept down by the repressor evoking mental images such as tanks crushing peaceful demonstrations, or robber barons “capturing” or “stealing” your money. Which is why Mason’s use of it is unfortunate.

The term was first coined in 1973 by two Stanford University economists, Ronald McKinnon and Edward Shaw. Later in his paper “Hot Money Flows, Commodity Price Cycles, and Financial Repression in the US and the People’s Republic of China” (January 2013) co-authored with Zhao Liu, McKinnon explains its origin:

In the 1970s, the term financial repression originated with McKinnon and Shaw when inflation was a problem in a number of less developed countries (LDCs). In the 1960s and 1970s, governments in many LDCs intervened to put ceilings on nominal interest rates and impose high reserve requirements on their banks, along with other techniques to direct the flow of credit in the economy... Wanting to find a pejorative term —akin to political repression — to describe this syndrome, McKinnon and Shaw first used the term financial repression in 1973. (My emphasis).

Many orthodox economists followed McKinnon and Shaw in using “financial repression” as a concept. Only a few economists challenged it: for example Carlos Diaz-Alejandro, in a 1984 paper with the great title “Good-bye financial repression, hello financial crash”.

It is disappointing therefore to find it in widespread use amongst progressive economists and commentators.

But I quibble. My main beef with Mason’s book is that rather than define this period as one that was man-made – designed largely by the genius John Maynard Keynes and his Cambridge colleagues – Mason defines this period as a “Kondratieff upswing on steroids”.

Once again the implication is that this period of full employment, of science-led innovation, high productivity...high wages, consumption keeping pace with production, benign inflation and marginal speculative finance (p 86-7) is described as something beyond human agency – akin to the cycles of the moon.

Neoliberals too like to dismiss this age as beyond our present-day ken. Neoliberals too would like us to feel impotent in the face of today’s rapacious financial capitalism.

But as the Golden Age proved, we are not impotent. And we are not the subjects of periodic, abstract cycles. The Golden Age was constructed, designed and implemented by a group of economists who congregated at Bretton Woods in 1944 and that were led by John Maynard Keynes and his American competitor, Harry Dexter White. (The striking thing about the conference was that only one banker was allowed to attend – and only because President Roosevelt regarded him as tame enough not to present a threat to the proceedings.)

Keynes and colleagues were confronted by a form of capitalism that had wrought a massive destruction of lives, livelihoods and nations. They were surrounded by the wreckage of war, but were not intimidated by the scale of the challenge they faced in confronting, subordinating and managing global finance capitalism.

Nor should we be. We are not, as Mason suggests, the passive subjects of inexorable and inevitable cycles or Kondratieff waves of capitalism. We are masters of our own destiny – if only we (and professional economists) had the courage to identify, name, subordinate and manage the global finance sector – as Keynes and others have shown we can.

Mason and the notion of profits

Mason makes frequent mention of profits in PostCapitalism. But profits are a very old- fashioned notion for today’s capitalists. Profits from production involve engagement with the Land (in the broadest sense of the word) and Labour. Engagement with the Land implies limits – the ecosystem’s limits. Mason’s optimism about technology’s role in our future means that he never fully grasps the nettle of ecological limits. While there is the obligatory chapter on climate change and the ecosystem, the assumption is that technology will evolve in such a way as to never bump up against these limits.

Instead he focuses on Labour’s confrontation with Capital.

But to my mind, both the ecosystem’s limits and Labour’s resistance to exploitation explain why capitalism today prefers to make capital gains, not profits. Profits rise and fall depending on the vagaries of Land and Labour. Capital gains by contrast evade both, and can rise inexorably – until that is, they crash. Capital gains - money or rent siphoned from money and other existing assets – can be made effortlessly in effect; and increasingly, without risk.

[And while on the question of profits: Mason, like many Marxists asserts (but never proves) that capitalism periodically suffers from “a falling rate of profit”. I have great difficulty with this concept. It can never be tested or proved, but references to “the falling rate of profit’ recur throughout the book, and indeed throughout much of contemporary Marxist debate. Michael Hudson argues that it’s a misunderstanding of Marx by those who have only read Vol I of Capital. Marx expected depreciation and amortization on investment in capital equipment to rise relative to profits, in order to reimburse that investment. That is what he meant by the falling rate of profit, writes Hudson – an interpretation that seems infinitely more plausible to me.]

Identifying capitalism

We are discussing Mason’s book here in St. Paul’s - Wren’s great masterpiece – in the heart of the City of London. We are literally in the belly of the global financial beast – a sector or group of individuals and institutions – that now wields despotic power over the global economy, governments and apparently democratic societies.

And while societies are on the whole aware of the activities of the City and Wall St, there is scant discourse about its despotic power within today’s political discourse.

And, while Mason does of course discuss the finance sector, he makes infotech the main driver of the changes we are witnessing today.

I beg to disagree. Far from ‘mutating’ in cycles of 50 to 500 years, the finance sector is today growing exponentially before our very eyes, with only the occasional financial crisis to arrest that growth. This is partly thanks to the rise of infotech, but infotech in the service of finance, not as its driver.

The last financial crisis (2007-9) turbo-blasted the sector into a new fantastic growth phase. Not only was Haute Finance bailed out, it also insidiously attached itself more fully to states – and wrested guarantees and protection from these governments, their taxpayers and their central banks.

And while this particular group of capitalists may worship at the shrine of Adam Smith and Ayn Rand, they nevertheless demand and expect taxpayer-funded guarantees and protection from the discipline and losses imposed by market forces.

Despite its detachment from the “real” economy of production, the global finance sector has succeeded in capturing, effectively looting and then subordinating governments and their taxpayers to the interests of financiers. Bankers and financiers now effectively control the public utility that is our monetary system. They can gamble and speculate on global markets without fear of losses or the fear of being disciplined by ‘the invisible hand’. They know their institutions are Too Systemic, or Too Big To Fail.

They are today’s Masters of the Universe – and they do not feature largely in this book.

Finance and the rentier economy

Like so many others Mason takes the structure of the internet as a model for the evolution of capitalism and speculates that capitalism will evolve into a system in which hierarchies are flattened, machines are free and we’re all far more collaborative.

But Mason’s techno-utopianism is fundamentally about the production side of the economy. Yet, as he well knows, there is more to the economy than production. There is consumption – and Mason’s view of today’s sharing, networked and connected world may just as well be defined as collaborative consumption.

And then there’s the rentier sector of the economy – earning rent from assets (particularly financial assets like debt) effortlessly.

The last two sectors are not fully addressed in the wide sweep of this book.

It is for this reason that I believe Mason to be over-optimistic about the transformational power of info-tech. Where he sees technology “eroding the price mechanism” by generating reams of free information – in Wikipedia, crowd-sourcing, open source software – I see usury, behind very high pay walls.

Pay walls that have now barred most football and cricket fans from experiencing or enjoying in person top-level public sporting events. Pay walls that will exclude millions of people from accessing sound, investigative and balanced journalism, until recently easily available (for just a dime or two) on street corners.

Where Mason sees the “economics of free stuff” and the mass generation and sharing of information, I see the not-so-distant privatization of a great provider of “free” information, education and culture to the masses – the BBC. Let’s not beat about the bush: the BBC is under grave threat: if the government succeeds, the BBC’s precious output will be trapped behind the ever-rising paywalls of today’s media moguls – and like mass sporting events, will no longer be available to the taxpayers who have funded its development.

Where Mason sees the networked society, I also see Uber and Airbnb monetizing (with monopolistic aspiration). As Henwood tells it:

“the desperation of people in the post-crisis economy while sounding generous and evoking a fantasy of community in an atomized population.”

 

“Brian Chesky, the co-founder of Airbnb, uses words like “revolution” and “movement” to describe his company, which is now valued at $13 billion—making Airbnb the best-capitalized revolutionary movement in history.” (My emphasis.)

(Doug Henwood, The Nation, 27 January, 2015.)

Where Mason sees a ‘a new mode of production’ – I also see a global rentier economy that is almost universal.

Mason shares with us Marx’s insight from his 1858 Fragment on Machines in Grundrisse, namely that:

“the driving force of production is knowledge, and that knowledge stored in machines is social...and that because knowledge-based capitalism cannot support a price mechanism whereby the value of something is dictated by the value of the inputs needed to produce it...it creates a contradiction that will blow capitalism’s foundation sky-high.” P.136

Capitalism of this type, Marx argued, is forced to develop the intellectual power of the worker, and will tend to reduce working hours.

Capitalism did not, as Mason notes, bear out this proposition in Marx’s time; I would argue there is no sign of it bearing out this proposition today.

Yes, it is true that we live in a world where, as Mason argues, new technology makes information and leisure time more available to the masses. In this world many have their “general intellect” expanded but cannot deploy this knowledge by working for a living – because the work is simply not there.

The ILO predicts that by 2019, more than 212 million people will be out of work, up from the current tragedy of 201 million. (World Employment and Social Outlook – Trends 2015 (WESO).)

Today unemployment in Europe and the Middle East – particularly amongst the young - is at historically unprecedented (and unforgiveable) levels. The social and ecological turmoil this causes is reflected in the rise of far-right parties across Europe, in Middle Eastern turmoil and in the monumental tragedy of the current refugee crisis. And even in the US and UK where employment levels are deemed to be higher, much of the working class is engaged in work that is insecure, precarious and low paid, with erratic levels of income. In the UK, almost six million workers are paid less than the living wage, according to the Living Wage Foundation.

There are of course some that have been liberated by technology, and for whom it is now increasingly unfashionable to work for a living. Instead they prefer earnings from effortless activity: rent-seeking.

Where Mason sees “beautiful troublemakers” and “digital rebels” I also see individuals “sharing” their cars (assets) with passing strangers and using technology in order to extract rent from benighted commuters, while cutting the already low incomes of cabbies and for example, City Link’s drivers. Under this new form of exploitative capitalism “all the risk and capital investment are shouldered by the driver, while the fat cats at Uber and Lyft headquarters in San Francisco reap a risk-free reward”. (Dillow: Who Bears Risk?)

Travis Kalanick, Uber’s billionaire owner uses what Mason calls the “free machines” and open source software of digital technology to exploit the desperation of this precariat – car owners selling car rides. Henwood explains that the company has entered into a deal with a money-lender, Santander, because:

“You need a newish car to drive for Uber; if your car gets too old, that’s grounds for deactivation. But the company is ready to help: it’s entered into a partnership with Santander, a Spanish bank, to offer car loans to drivers, with the payments conveniently deducted from their paycheck. According to the terms posted on Uberpeople.net, a chat board for drivers, the payments work out to an interest rate of around 21 percent. They get you coming and going.”

This is not so much sharing, as a modern version of “sharecropping”.

But Uber’s gains are small beer compared to the rents that can be extracted by the global real estate sector: those choosing to inflate an existing asset without adding to its value; or to “share” their property with those who lack the resources to buy a home. London’s rentier economy is booming. More and more people are jumping on the rentier bandwagon, as is evident in the buy-to-let sector.

According to Countrywide, average UK rent for dwellings has reached about £937 per month. It now costs an average £2,583 a month to take on a rented property in central London. By contrast, London average regular monthly earnings (as of April, 2014) were £2,860.00 before tax and other deductions, according to the ONS. (ONS Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings, 2014 Provisional Results)

The world of the rentier capitalist has been to some extent “democratised’. Large numbers of us now expect to make money effortlessly – whether from the Lottery and other forms of speculation; or by extracting rent from any asset we may own – whether it be a car, a buy-to-let property or a dog. (There are dog-sharing sites too (“simple, affordable (sic) and safe”) ...which involve fees and subscriptions.)

But by far the most leisure-obsessed group or class are those – for me the dominant force behind today’s capitalist class - who can use an asset that is a great public utility – money – to make more money, effortlessly.

In contrast to industrial or productive capital, bank loans, stocks and bonds are financial claims that are “like sponges absorbing the income and property of debtors – and expropriating this property when debtors (including governments) cannot pay” to cite Hudson again. Marx elaborated:

“Usury centralizes money wealth. It does not alter the mode of production, but attaches itself to it as a parasite and makes it miserable. It sucks its blood, kills its nerve, and compels reproduction to proceed under even more disheartening conditions...usurer’s capital does not confront the labourer as industrial capital...but impoverishes this mode of production, paralyzes the productive forces instead of developing them.” (Quoted in Michael Hudson, From Marx to Goldman Sachs: the Fictions of Fictitious Capital. July, 2010)

Unfortunately the activities and usury of today’s rentier capitalism are not analysed and discussed in this otherwise fascinating book. But here in the temple that is St. Paul’s, we have an obligation to act, as Jesus did, to chase the money-lenders from the temple that is our economy and democracy. Furthermore we have an obligation, as President Roosevelt said in his remarkable inaugural address in 1933:

“....to speak the truth, the whole truth, frankly and boldly.

Nor need we shrink from honestly facing conditions in our

country today....

Practices of the unscrupulous money changers stand

indicted in the court of public opinion, rejected by the

hearts and minds of men....

Faced by failure of credit they have proposed only the

lending of more money. ...

They know only the rules of a generation of self-seekers.

They have no vision, and when there is no vision the people

perish.

The money changers have fled from their high seats in the

temple of our civilization. We may now restore that temple

to the ancient truths. The measure of the restoration lies in

the extent to which we apply social values more noble than

mere monetary profit.”

(President Franklin D. Roosevelt: Inaugural speech. 4 March, 1933.)

Conclusion  

Paul Mason in PostCapitalism opens our eyes to the positive contribution that the evolution of technology can make to civilisation. His vision of a post-capitalist era is inspiring, but needs to take into greater account the impact of technology on both increased exploitation of labour and the dominance of the finance sector.

 

This article was published in Prime Magazine on November 3, 2015, after a speech given at St.Paul’s Cathedral with Paul Mason and Phillip Blond as fellow speakers.

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          Comment on Question for today by Peta        
Greetings Jean I loved what you have to say in this October 7th blog post.From my perspective too - we are already that i.e (a unique expression of Source). However your ruminations led me to ponder on the words that are spoken by many and you too!... that 'we are so loved and cherished' all of which implies, to me anyway, a God with human characteristics and emotions....Hmmm So expanding on that I thought of the word, 'miracle', and the word 'universe' for are we, the Universe and everything not Miraculous! and playing with these words I came up with these intriguing thoughts.... Mira ( mirror) acle (oracle). Uni (one) verse ( no stretching of the imagination there then!) AND from that I came up with the following signpost: We are a mirror of the word of the one(whole) song that is the Universe. And which, if Quantum Physics is correct, we are (simply?!)energetic wave formations and particles that vibrate at different frequencies....And so how can we 'be loved and cherished, per se? If you have the time my dear friend - I would love your thoughts on the above...err that's not the above as in 'Heaven' but my musings!!! Sent with much love and apppreciation. Peta
          Joseph Burch 2nd Maryland Regiment Enlistment Record        
DAR members descended from Joseph Burch (1758-1818),

The Revolutionary War enlistment record of Joseph Burch of the 2nd Maryland Regiment has been obtained from the Maryland State Archives. Joseph Burch signed the original enlistment record with a mark, instead of a signature. The enlistment form is not dated. Joseph Burch’s mark is a flattened oval, in a wave form, with the front portion sectioned off. A slash mark crosses the oval. This mark is noticeably different from the known “IB” mark used by Joseph Burch (1758-1818) of Georgia.

At this point you may ask, “Why present this information if the marks do not match?”. It is important to present all possible facts relating to Joseph Burch. When he enlisted, Joseph was likely between 16-18 years old, from the poorer class of Maryland colonial society, and illiterate. So, when asked by the recruiting officer, John Chalmers, to sign his name, Joseph likely had not done so before.

This information is confirmation that Joseph Burch of Maryland and Joseph Burch of Georgia were both illiterate and signed with a mark. The Maryland mark was more than an “X”, and an attempt to write a more complex mark. The “IB” mark of Joseph Burch of Georgia, if the same person, was likely adopted later.

In addition, there is no evidence that Joseph Burch of the 2nd Maryland Regiment stayed in Maryland after the Revolutionary War. His 50-acre land bounty from the state of Maryland for Revolutionary war service was not claimed, and no pension file was ever submitted for a Joseph Burch of the 2nd Maryland Regiment in the United States.

Thus, Joseph Burch of Georgia remains the primary candidate to have been Joseph Burch of the 2nd Maryland Regiment.

If anyone is interested in a file image (which includes a letter of certification from the Maryland State Archives) of the Revolutionary War enlistment record of Joseph Burch of the 2nd Maryland Regiment, please contact me at: pkt6@cox.net

Best regards,

James Allison


          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Atlanta, GA        
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          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Wilmington, DE        
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          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Dallas, TX        
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          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Harrisburg, PA        
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From Select Medical Corporation - Wed, 09 Aug 2017 16:20:32 GMT - View all Harrisburg, PA jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Orlando, FL        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
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          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Columbus, OH        
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From Select Medical Corporation - Tue, 01 Aug 2017 00:40:15 GMT - View all Columbus, OH jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Cincinnati, OH        
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          RH - Telemetry Technician (Specialty Hospital) - Select Specialty Hospital - Nashville, TN        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. At Regency Hospital , a division of Select Medical , our...
From Select Medical Corporation - Thu, 20 Apr 2017 22:12:58 GMT - View all Nashville, TN jobs
          Episode #6 - Burn        
1. Song: The Wondrous Boat Ride , Artist: Unknown , Album: Willy Wonka & the Chocolate Factory (MCA)
2. Song: No Heroes , Artist: Converge , Album: No Heroes (Epitaph)
3. Song: O))) Bow 1 , Artist: Sunn O))) , Album: Flight of the Behemoth (Southern Lord)
  • Featuring Merzbow.

4. Song: Psychic Secession , Artist: Yellow Swans , Album: Psychic Secession (Load)
5. Song: Evil Wave Form , Artist: Boris , Album: Dronevil: Final (Inoxia)

  • Originally issued via Misanthropic Agenda, Dronevil: Final was re-released as an expanded (one additional track on each disc) double CD on Inoxia. The intended concept is that while each disc can stand by itself, you should play them simultaneously on two different stereo systems to achieve the intended results.

6. Song: In the Reflection , Artist: Flying Canyon , Album: Flying Canyon (Soft Abuse)

7. Song: Burn the Flames , Artist: Roky Erickson , Album: I Have Always Been Here Before: The Roky Erickson Anthology (Shout Factory)
8. Song: Sound Holes , Artist: Double Leopards , Album: Halve Maen (Eclipse)
9. Song: - , Artist: Isis , Album: Oceanic (Ipecac)
10. Song: Hyperviolet , Artist: Pig Destroyer , Album: Prowler In the Yard (Relapse)
11. Song: Strangler In the Night , Artist: Albert DeSalvo , Album: Unknown (Astor)

  • Reference to the Boston Strangler.

LINK: Sounds of the Apocalypse Episode #6 2007-3-3


          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Atlanta, GA        
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          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Wilmington, DE        
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From Select Medical Corporation - Sun, 28 May 2017 09:12:54 GMT - View all Wilmington, DE jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Dallas, TX        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Wed, 02 Aug 2017 21:03:13 GMT - View all Dallas, TX jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Harrisburg, PA        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Wed, 09 Aug 2017 16:20:32 GMT - View all Harrisburg, PA jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Orlando, FL        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Sat, 13 May 2017 15:35:43 GMT - View all Orlando, FL jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Columbus, OH        
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From Select Medical Corporation - Tue, 01 Aug 2017 00:40:15 GMT - View all Columbus, OH jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Cincinnati, OH        
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From Select Medical Corporation - Wed, 07 Jun 2017 21:13:58 GMT - View all Cincinnati, OH jobs
          RH - Telemetry Technician (Specialty Hospital) - Select Specialty Hospital - Nashville, TN        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. At Regency Hospital , a division of Select Medical , our...
From Select Medical Corporation - Thu, 20 Apr 2017 22:12:58 GMT - View all Nashville, TN jobs
          Living In Leuven | A Trip To Barcelona        

Two weeks after leaving Valencia at the start of July, I decided to fly back out for the last of my time in the Spanish sun this year. This time, I was flying alone from Brussels Zaventem and meeting my then-boyfriend on the other side in Barcelona. I boarded the lunchtime flight, then hopped on the airport shuttle bus to Plaza de Catalunya.


After dropping our stuff off at a friend's apartment in the Gothic Quarter area of Barcelona, we headed out to explore some of the city. The apartment we were staying in was right by Barcelona's Cathedral, so we had a look in and around there, then continued towards the Arc de Triomf. We took a break and sat on the Passeig De Lluís Companys before grabbing a bite to eat. 


On our way back to the apartment that evening, a friend recommended we visit the Nevermind Bar. We really didn't know what to expect from the exterior of the building, but we entered a set of double doors to find a room covered in graffiti and an area to skate around the back. It wasn't entirely to my taste, as the music was a bit too heavy metal and I felt a bit out of place, but it was definitely a bar experience I'll never forget. Something I really love about Barcelona is that is seems to be oozing with energy absolutely everywhere you turn and I guess it's impossible for any two days spent there to be absolutely identical, which is a trait I really admire about the city.


On Sunday, we left the apartment quite early and hopped on a bus to Park Güell. We struggled a little bit with finding the attraction itself, but we were greeted with some stunning views on the long walk up to the top of Carmel Hill on the way there. Both originating in Barcelona, entrepreneur, Eusebi Güell allowed architect, Antoni Gaudí, to design the park, where he created the well-known seating area covered in mosaic tiles (where the first photo of this blog post was taken from). He also constructed a series of buildings and lived in the park at one stage of his life. 


The architecture in Park Güell was simply stunning. One of my favourite features was the 'Dragon Stairway', which led to a room held up by 86 columns. More information about Park Güell and it's construction can be found HERE


Note: I'd highly recommend booking for everywhere in advance before visiting Barcelona as, thankfully, we could skip the entrance queues. Unfortunately the queue to get into Gaudí's house (now a museum) was too long, so we had to miss out.


The passage to Güell's former mansion is interesting to say the least. It's designed to look like a wave forming from the top of each of the slanted columns. It's known as the 'Laundry Room Portico'. Overall, I'd say a visit to Park Güell is a definite must-see and is a fantastic display of Gaudí best architectural work, in my opinion. 


We booked tickets for 'Brunch in the Park' that afternoon, so we took the metro to the closest station to Jardins Joan Brossa and climbed up the hill. That's something I will say about Barcelona. It gets really, realllly exhausting walking around in soaring temperatures, so we tried to make use of the Metro as often as we could. For our time in Barcelona, we got through two T-10 tickets, which made each journey cost only €1 each.

Barcelona surprised me (again!) and we had a really great afternoon/evening at Brunch in the Park. The festival runs every Sunday during the Summer months and hosts a number of electronic DJ's. There were food stalls and bar stands, where we spent the rest of the day dancing, drinking Sangria and cooling off under one of the sprinkler booths. I really enjoyed the music and felt at home in the crowds - definitely a festival I knew I enjoyed a whole lot more than a muddy day surrounded with mainstream chart music at T in the Park, for example!


On Monday, we walked to the Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya (National Museum of Art), where a little walk through the park behind it lead to the Olympic Stadium. Ever since visiting the Olympic Stadium in Berlin (you can read my post about it HERE), I grew a bit of a strange fascination into visiting old Olympic Stadiums. 


The stadium was re-named after the former President and is now known as Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys. It overlooks the rest of the city and the Telecommunications tower, which is a symbol of the Olympic Games in Barcelona in 1982. Apparently this tower can be seen from anywhere in Barcelona.


That afternoon, we booked to visit the Sagrada Familia, a Catholic church designed by Gaudí. It's still under construction, despite having been worked on since Guadí's death in 1926. It's thought to be fully complete by the end of 2026.

The history of the architecture of the Sagrada Familia is really interesting as each of it's 18 towers represents figures such as Jesus Christ, the Gospels, Virgin Mary and the 12 Apostles. I only discovered this after visiting the building, but if I had known at the time, I probably would've appreciated the origins of the architecture a lot more than I felt I did. Unsurprisingly, the exterior completely blew me away, so much so, that it makes sense how long it has taken to construct the building because the structure is really spectacular. 


The interior, for me, wasn't as breathtaking as the outside. I'm still not actually sure of my reasoning behind this and although it is a commendable work of art, I sometimes fail to appreciate modernised Basilica interiors. I had the same opinion as with the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church in Berlin, although the two are not comparable in the slightest! To read more about Sagrada Familia, click HERE and for 15 facts about the construction, click HERE.

On our way back to the apartment, we stopped by L'Antic Theatre for a drink. The theatre is home to a lot of music and performing art shows, but we just sat outside and had a couple of drinks in the chilled out atmosphere of the bar's gardens. Afterwards, we went to Bacoa burger restaurant for dinner before calling it a night.


We decided to explore more of the Gothic area we were staying in on Tuesday morning, before heading to our second accommodation later that day. I booked for our final two nights to be spent in Hotel Parallel, which was a short 15 minute walk to the beach and close to the Parallel metro station, in case we wanted to venture to another part of the city.

I was really impressed with the hotel room and, that evening, we went across the road to a restaurant/bar called Pasapalo for a burger before heading back to chill on our terrace in the hotel room.


On our final full day, we did a bit of shopping around the Plaça de Catalunya and Passeig de Gràcia areas of the city, then jumped on a metro which took us to the beach. We decided to go to Bogatell beach, slightly north of Barcaloneta beach, which we read would be extremely busy during the Summer months. The beach was really nice and not too crowded, which was what we were hoping for. After a couple of hours, the weather started to cloud over so we left and headed back to the hotel to get ready for dinner. 


That evening, we had our last dinner in a restaurant about a 30 minute walk away from our hotel. We spent soooo long trying to find a square of restaurants we walked by the previous night, and finally found it with a bit of google mapping (I still can't, for the life of me, remember the name of this square!).

Thursday consisted of checking out of our hotel and hopping on a metro to Plaza De Catalunya, where we got the airport shuttle bus to the airport and I headed back to Leuven for another round of exams that were fast approaching.

I really fell in love with Barcelona when I was there. As I was born and raised in a capital city, I really enjoyed the vibrant and fast-paced life Barcelona seemed to offer. I'm intrigued to discover the city more, so much so, that it's currently at the top of the list of places I'd love to study my master's degree in in the future. Here's hoping!

          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Atlanta, GA        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Tue, 08 Aug 2017 22:21:59 GMT - View all Atlanta, GA jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Wilmington, DE        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Sun, 28 May 2017 09:12:54 GMT - View all Wilmington, DE jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Dallas, TX        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Wed, 02 Aug 2017 21:03:13 GMT - View all Dallas, TX jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Harrisburg, PA        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Wed, 09 Aug 2017 16:20:32 GMT - View all Harrisburg, PA jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Orlando, FL        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Sat, 13 May 2017 15:35:43 GMT - View all Orlando, FL jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Columbus, OH        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Tue, 01 Aug 2017 00:40:15 GMT - View all Columbus, OH jobs
          Telemetry Technician (LTACH) - Select Specialty Hospital - Cincinnati, OH        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. Long-Term Acute Care Hospital....
From Select Medical Corporation - Wed, 07 Jun 2017 21:13:58 GMT - View all Cincinnati, OH jobs
          RH - Telemetry Technician (Specialty Hospital) - Select Specialty Hospital - Nashville, TN        
Rate, regularity, PRI, QRS, QTI, QTc, ST segment, wave form alterations, and rhythm interpretation. At Regency Hospital , a division of Select Medical , our...
From Select Medical Corporation - Thu, 20 Apr 2017 22:12:58 GMT - View all Nashville, TN jobs
          Reply #3276        
CajunWin4,

That why you Must use Wave Form Analysis and Regression Analysis to create the Right Data for Future game play.

Before wasting your time trying to apply these advanced analysis techniques to the Random Processes of the lottery, you really should study what they analyze and what they are typically used for. Those of us who know what they are and have used them would never dream of applying them to a known random process. If you believe there is larceny in the ranks of the state... [ More ]
          Reply #3275        
Quote: Originally posted by jimmy4164 on January 4, 2013 CajunWin4,

That why you Must use Wave Form Analysis and Regression Analysis to create the Right Data for Future game play.

Before wasting your time trying to apply these advanced analysis techniques to the Random Processes of the lottery, you really should study what they analyze and what they are typically used for. Those of us who know what they are and have used them would never dream of applying them to a known random process.
          Reply #3264        
CajunWin4,

That why you Must use Wave Form Analysis and Regression Analysis to create the Right Data for Future game play.

Before wasting your time trying to apply these advanced analysis techniques to the Random Processes of the lottery, you really should study what they analyze and what they are typically used for. Those of us who know what they are and have used them would never dream of applying them to a known random process. If you believe there is larceny in the ranks of the state... [ More ]
          Reply #3257        
I like Wave Form Analysis and Regression Analysis regardless of what it is................
          Reply #3255        
That why you Must use Wave Form Analysis and Regression Analysis

ΨÍΕΓÐ ŠΡÉÅ&Kappa
          Reply #3252        
LB ,

You're right its the Ebb and Flow you must Find . That why you Must use Wave Form Analysis and Regression Analysis to create the Right Data for Future game play .

CW4
          Scientists Find Giant Wave Rolling Through the Perseus Galaxy Cluster        
Combining data from NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory with radio observations and computer simulations, an international team of scientists has discovered a vast wave of hot gas in the nearby Perseus galaxy cluster. Spanning some 200,000 light-years, the wave is about twice the size of our own Milky Way galaxy. The researchers say the wave formed billions of years ago, after a small galaxy cluster grazed Perseus and caused its vast supply of gas to slosh around an enormous volume of spac...
          SoundRecorder 2018        
Sound recorder to record sounds to WAVE format.
                  
Climate Change Drivers

Summary
Thermalization and the complete dominance of water vapor in reverse-thermalization explain why atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) has no significant effect on climate. Reported average global temperature (AGT) since before 1900 is accurately (98% match with measured trend) explained by a combination of ocean cycles (41.7%), sunspot number anomaly time-integral (38.0%) and increased atmospheric water vapor (20.3%). 

Introduction
The only way that energy can significantly leave earth is by thermal radiation. Only solid or liquid bodies and greenhouse gases (ghg) can absorb/emit in the wavelength range of terrestrial radiation. Ghg absorb/emit only at specific wavelengths which are characteristic for each molecule specie. Non-ghg gases must transfer energy to ghg gases (or liquid or solid bodies) for this energy to be radiated.

The word ‘trend’ is used here for temperatures in two different contexts. To differentiate, α-trend is an approximation of the net of ocean surface temperature oscillations after averaging-out the year-to-year fluctuations in reported average global temperatures. The term β-trend applies to the slower average energy change of the planet which is associated with change to the average temperature of the bulk volume of the material (mostly ocean water) involved.

Some ocean cycles have been named according to the particular area of the oceans where they occur. Names such as PDO (Pacific Decadal Oscillation), ENSO (el Nino Southern Oscillation), and AMO (Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation) might be familiar. They report the temperature of the water near the surface. The average temperature of the bulk water that is participating in these oscillations cannot significantly change so quickly because of high thermal capacitance [1].

This high thermal capacitance absolutely prohibits the rapid (year-to-year) AGT fluctuations which have been reported, from being a result of any credible forcing. According to one assessment [1], the time constant is about 5 years. A likely explanation for much of the reported year-to-year fluctuations is that they are stochastic phenomena in the over-all process that has been used to determine AGT. Volcanic activity is occasionally also a contributor. A simple calculation shows the standard deviation of the reported annual average measurements to be about ±0.09 K with respect to the trend.

The temperature fluctuations of the bulk volume near the surface of the planet are more closely represented by the fluctuations in the trend. The trend is a better indicator of the change in global energy; which is the difference between energy received and energy radiated.

The kinetic theory of gases, thermalization, Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of energy in atmospheric gas molecules, some thermodynamics, the absorb/emit bands of water vapor and other ghg, and the rudiments of quantum mechanics provide a rational explanation of what happens with terrestrial thermal radiation.

Some of the mistakes made by the consensus and other relevant issues are discussed at Ref [29].

Refutation of significant influence from CO2 (rev 4/21/17)

What is meant by the statement that carbon dioxide (CO2) is a greenhouse gas (ghg)? If by that is meant CO2 absorbs electromagnetic radiation with a wave length of 15 microns (including +/- a micron or so due to pressure broadening, etc. at low altitude), well, that was demonstrated in the lab a long time ago and remains true. But if by that is meant CO2 significantly contributes to global warming, there is multiple compelling evidence (most identified earlier [2] ) that CO2 has no significant effect on climate:
1. In the late Ordovician Period, the planet plunged into and warmed up from the Andean/Saharan ice age, all at about 10 times the current CO2level [3].
2. Over the Phanerozoic eon (last 542 million years) there is no correlation between CO2 level and AGT [3, 4].
3. During the last and previous glaciations AGT trend changed directions before CO2trend [2].
4. Since AGT has been directly and accurately measured world wide (about 1895), AGT has exhibited up and down trends while CO2 trend has been only up. [2]
5. Since about 2001, the measured atmospheric CO2 trend has continued to rise while the AGT trend has been essentially flat. [21, 13]
6. Analysis of CO2 and Temperature data 2002-2008 shows a close correlation between dCO2/dT and lower tropospheric temperature. This demonstrates that CO2 follows temperature and not the reverse. [30]

Thermalization refutes CO2 influence on climate. (rev 10/21/16, 4/21/17, 8/6/17)
At a scale of the size of atoms, the atmosphere consists of gas molecules with empty space between them. Activity of the gas molecules determines what can be measured as temperature and pressure. Imagery of the activity of the molecules making up the atmosphere is helpful. Wikipedia, in the article on kinetic theory of gases, has a pretty good 2-D animation of the 3-D activity. It shows simulated molecules bouncing elastically off each other and the walls of the container. At any point in time, the speed (and energy) of the molecules ranges from zero to high values with the highest probability being towards the low end.

Emission of electromagnetic radiation from both solid and liquid surfaces of the earth complies with the Planck spectrum and Stephan-Boltzmann (T4) law. Most particles of clouds, smoke and aerosols emit similarly because they typically contain millions of molecules. Emission of radiation from gas molecules is entirely different (only ghg molecules can absorb/emit at earth temperatures). It is quantized and depends on the energy levels of individual molecules which are determined probabilistically according to the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution which favors lower energy photons. The average molecule energy level of the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution depends on the temperature.


Graphs of the probability distribution curve shape are shown in the Wikipedia article on Maxwell-Boltzmann. A ghg molecule which is jostled to high enough energy for long enough time can emit a photon (of allowed wavelength for that molecule). This is called, for lack of a better term, reverse-thermalization. The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution is more highly populated at lower energy levels resulting in biasing the Planck spectrum radiation emitted by the surface to lower energies favored according to Maxwell-Boltzmann. This also results in the energy from higher energy (shorter wavelength) photons which was absorbed by CO2 molecules being substantially redirected to the lower energy (longer wavelength) photons of the water vapor molecules.

The relaxation time (amount of time that passes between absorption and emission of a photon by a molecule) for CO2 in the atmosphere is about 6 µsec [5, 6]. The elapsed time between collisions between gaseous molecules at sea level average temperature and pressure is about 0.0002 µsec[7]. Thus, at sea level conditions, it is approximately 6/0.0002 = 30,000 times more likely that a CO2 molecule (or any other ghg molecule), after it has absorbed a photon, will bump into another molecule, transferring at least part of the momentum and energy it acquired from the photon. After multiple collisions, essentially all of the added photonic energy becomes distributed among other molecules and the probability of the CO2 molecule emitting a photon at sea level conditions becomes negligible.

The process of distribution of the energy to other molecules is thermal conduction in the gas. The process of absorbing photons and conducting the absorbed energy to other molecules is thermalization. Thermalized energy carries no identity of the molecule that absorbed it. Note that ghg molecules can absorb/emit only photons with certain quanta of energy, but the energy itself is not quantized. There are no forbidden wavelengths of photons. But only terrestrial wavelength photons at about 15 microns can be absorbed/emitted by CO2 molecules.

Significant terrestrial thermal radiation is nearly all in the wavelength range 6.5-100 microns (1538-100/cm). Water vapor molecules can absorb (and emit) photons at hundreds of wavelengths in this wavelength range compared to only one (15 microns) for CO2 (wave length range of the single absorption band for CO2 is broadened to about 14-16 microns (714-625/cm) at low altitude due to pressure, etc. but the multiple absorb/emit wave length bands for water vapor are also broadened).

Reverse-thermalization, where the warmed jostling molecules (Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity distribution) excite some molecules to emit photons is almost entirely to water vapor molecules at sea level conditions. There are about 35 times as many water vapor molecules in the atmosphere below about 5 km as there are CO2molecules (See Figure 2) and each of the water vapor molecules has many absorb/emit bands where lower energy photons are emitted compared to the one higher energy band for CO2. One reference states each water vapor molecule has “about 170 lines in the range 75-550 cm-1” (133-18.2 µm) [28]. (Note: At low altitude the word ‘line’ in that reference, because it is broadened by pressure etc., is more accurately a band. Line has a different meaning in that reference than as used in the Hitran data base where it refers to an entity inconsequential to climate change, sometimes calculated using Quantum Mechanics.)

Most of the photons emitted by the water vapor molecules are at wavelengths different from the narrow band that CO2 molecules can absorb. Effectively, terrestrial thermal radiation energy absorbed by CO2is thermalized and rerouted to space via water vapor.

At very high altitudes, temperature, molecule spacing and time between collisions increases to where reverse-thermalization to CO2molecules becomes significant as does radiation from them to space.

Figure 1 is a typical graph showing top-of-atmosphere (TOA) thermal radiation from the planet. The TOA radiation from different locations on the planet can be decidedly different, e.g. as shown in Figure 9 of Reference [8]. Figure 1, here, might be over a temperate ocean and thus typical for much of earth’s surface.



Figure 1: Terrestrial thermal radiation and absorption assessed from top-of-atmosphere.

Typical ‘top-of-atmosphere’ (TOA) emission spectra such as shown in Figure 1 include a ‘notch’ associated with the CO2 absorb/emit wavelength. The existence of this notch demonstrates that CO2 absorbs terrestrial radiation in this wavelength range. Perhaps not as obvious, the presence of the notch also demonstrates thermalization and that the Maxwell-Boltzmann velocity/energy distribution substantially redirects the radiation that was absorbed by the CO2 molecules and thermalized to the 170+ absorb/emit bands of lower energy (longer wavelength) photons of water vapor molecules. This explains the reduced number of photons at the notch.

An ‘experiment’ demonstrating the effect of reduced water vapor in the atmosphere already exists. Near the poles, the extremely low temperatures result in very low water vapor content while the CO2 level is about the same as everywhere else. With few water vapor molecules available to emit radiation, more of the emission is from CO2 molecules near 15 microns as shown in Figure 9 of Ref 8.


Approximately 98% of dry atmospheric molecules are non-ghg; nearly all nitrogen and oxygen with about 1% argon. They are substantially warmed by thermalization of the photonic energy absorbed by the ghg molecules and, at higher altitudes, cooled by reverse-thermalization back to the ghg molecules.

Figure 2: Water vapor declines rapidly with altitude. [9] (original from NASA)

Thermalized energy carries no identity of the molecule that absorbed it. The thermalized radiation warms the air, reducing its density, causing updrafts which are exploited by soaring birds, sailplanes, and occasionally hail. Updrafts are matched by downdrafts elsewhere, usually spread out but sometimes recognized by pilots and passengers as ‘air pockets’ and micro bursts.

A common observation of thermalization by way of water vapor is cloudless nights cool faster and farther when absolute water vapor content of the atmosphere is lower.

Jostling between gas molecules (observed as temperature and pressure) sometimes causes reverse-thermalization. At low to medium altitudes, EMR emission stimulated by reverse-thermalization is essentially all by way of water vapor.

At altitudes below about 10 km a comparatively steep population gradient (decline with increasing altitude) in water vapor molecules favors outward radiation with increasing amounts escaping directly to space. At higher altitudes, increased molecule spacing and greatly diminished water vapor molecules favors reverse thermalization to CO2. This is observed in the sharp peaks at nominal absorb/emit wavelengths of non-condensing ghg (See Figure 1).

Even if the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of molecular velocity/energy is ignored, a simple calculation shows that doubling the CO2 level has no significant effect on climate. CO2 has only one absorb/emit band in the range of significant terrestrial thermal radiation. Water vapor has about 170 bands in the spectral interval 75-550 /cm for each molecule and there are on average near sea level about 35 WV molecules for each CO2 molecule. Thus there are about 35 * 170 = 5950 absorb/emit bands for WV plus 1 absorb/emit band for CO2 for a total of 5951 absorb/emit bands. Doubling the CO2 increases this to 5952 absorb/emit bands. This is an insignificant increase of less than 0.02%. Thermalization results in ‘climate sensitivity’, the increase in AGT from doubling CO2, to be not significantly different from zero.

Environmental Protection Agency mistakes
The US EPA asserts [10] Global Warming Potential (GWP) is a measure of “effects on the Earth's warming” with “Two key ways in which these [ghg] gases differ from each other are their ability to absorb energy (their "radiative efficiency"), and how long they stay in the atmosphere (also known as their "lifetime").”

The EPA calculation overlooks the very real phenomenon of thermalization. Trace ghg (all ghg except water vapor) have no significant effect on climate because absorbed energy is immediately thermalized.

The EPA calculation of the GWP of a ghg also erroneously overlooks the fact that any added cooling from the increased temperature the ghg might have produced is also integrated over the “lifetime” of the gas in the atmosphere so the duration in the atmosphere ‘cancels out’. Therefore GWP, as calculated by the EPA, egregiously overestimates the influence on average global temperature of noncondensing greenhouse gases. The influence (forcing) of a ghg cannot be more than determined by its immediate concentration. The EPA assessment completely ignores the effect of water vapor which, by far, is the most important ghg and appears to be the only significant ghg.

Water vapor (Rev 8/26/16, 1/11/17, 6/10/17)
Water vapor is the ghg which makes earth warm enough for life as we know it. Increased atmospheric water vapor contributes to planet warming. Water vapor molecules are far more effective at absorbing terrestrial thermal radiation than CO2 molecules (even if thermalization did not eliminate CO2 as a significant warmer). Humanity’s contribution to atmospheric water vapor increase is primarily (≈ 98%) as a result of increased irrigation, with comparatively tiny contributions from cooling towers at electricity generating facilities, and increased burning of hydrogen rich fossil fuels especially natural gas which is nearly all methane. Switching to ‘renewables’ will have no significant effect on climate.

Because water vapor is a ghg, increased water vapor causes the planet to warm which further increases water vapor so there is a cumulative effect (in control system analysis and electric circuit analysis as done by engineers, this is called feedback and is quantified by a dimensionless number. The term ‘feedback’ has a different meaning to Climate Scientists and is quantified in units of W/m2). This cumulative effect also amplifies cooldown. 

Planet warming associated with the proxy of sunspot number anomaly time-integral, as discussed later, increases the vapor pressure of water contributing to the water vapor increase. At present, (thru June, 2017) water vapor appears to be increasing about three times faster than expected based on AGT increase alone. Global temperature increase in a decade from HadCRUT4, discounting el Nino is about 0.08 K. At 15°C increase in water vapor partial pressure is 6.25% per degree. Percent increase in water vapor due to temperature increase = 0.08 * 6.25% = 0.5%. Measured % increase from TPW in 28 yr = (29.5-28.25)/28.875 = 0.043 = 4.3%. In 10 yr = 10/28*4.3 = 1.54%. Thus measured increase in WV is about 1.54/.5 = 3+ times that for temperature increase alone.

The increased water vapor also causes increased cloud cover which is a negative feedback on temperature. Water vapor exhibits a logarithmic decline in absorption effect of equal added increments of water vapor (Fig. 3 of Ref. [12]).


More water vapor in the atmosphere means more warming, acceleration of the hydrologic cycle and increased probability of precipitation related floods. How much of recent flooding (with incidences reported world wide) is simply bad luck in the randomness of weather and how much is because of the ‘thumb on the scale’ of added water vapor?

Essentially all of the ghg effect on earth comes from water vapor. Clear air water vapor measurements over the non-ice-covered oceans in the form of total precipitable water (TPW) have been made since about 1987 by Remote Sensing Systems (RSS) [11]. A graph of this measured ‘global’ average anomaly data, with a reference value of 28.73 added, is shown in the left graph of Figure 3. The trend of this data is extrapolated both earlier and later using CO2 level as a proxy, with the expression kg/m^2 TPW = 4.5118 * ppmvCO2^0.31286. The result is the right-hand graph of Figure 3. (The 1940-1950 flat exists in the Law Dome CO2 data base.)

Figure 3: Average clear air total precipitable water over all non-ice-covered oceans. (Rev 6/22/17)

Clouds (average emissivity about 0.5) consist of solid and/or liquid water particles that radiate approximately according to Planck spectrum and Stephan-Boltzmann (S-B) law (each particle contains millions of molecules).

The perception water vapor content of the atmosphere depends even minutely on CO2 content is profoundly misleading and precisely wrong because it ignores the partial pressure of water.

Summary of why CO2has no significant effect on climate (6/10/17)
The observation that CO2 is a ghg (greenhouse gas) is a shallow penetration of the science and means only that it has an absorb/emit band within the wavelength range of significant earth surface thermal radiation. 

Delve deeper into the science and discover that CO2 does not now, has never had and will never have a significant effect on climate.

Here is why.

1) Essentially all absorbed radiation energy is thermalized (i.e. shared with surrounding molecules).
2) Thermalized energy carries no identity of the molecule that absorbed it.
3) Emission of EMR from a gas is quantized and depends on the energy of individual molecules.
4) This energy is determined probabilistically according to the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.
5) The Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution favors lower energy (longer wavelength) photons.
6) Water vapor exhibits many (170+) of these longer wavelength bands.
7) The Maxwell-Boltzmann energy distribution in atmospheric gas molecules effectively shifts the radiation energy absorbed by CO2 molecules to the lower energy absorb/emit bands of water vapor. The ‘notches’ in top-of-atmosphere measurements over temperate zones demonstrate the validity of this assessment.

8) As altitude increases (to about 10 km) the temperature declines, magnifying the effect.

The AGT Model
Most modeling of global climate has been with Global Climate Models (GCMs) where physical laws are applied to a 3-dimensional grid consisting of hundreds of thousands of discrete blocks and the interactions between the discrete blocks are analyzed using super computers with an end result being calculation of the AGT trajectory. This might be described as a ‘bottom up’ approach. Although theoretically promising, multiple issues currently exist with this approach. Reference [13] discloses that nearly all of the more than 100 current GCMs are obviously faulty. The few which appear to follow measurements might even be statistical outliers of the ‘consensus’ method. The growing separation between calculated and measured AGT as shown at Figure 9 in Ref. [14] also suggests some factor is missing.

The approach in the analysis presented here is ‘top down’. This type of approach has been called ‘emergent structures analysis’. As described by Dr. Roy Spencer in his book The great global warming Blunder, “Rather than model the system from the bottom up with many building blocks, one looks at how the system as a whole behaves.” That approach is used here with strict compliance with physical laws.

The basis for assessment of AGT is the first law of thermodynamics, conservation of energy, applied to the entire planet as a single entity. Much of the available data are forcings or proxies for forcings which must be integrated (mathematically as in calculus, i.e. accumulated over time) to compute energy change. Energy change divided by effective thermal capacitance is temperature change. Temperature change is expressed as anomalies which are the differences between annual averages of measured temperatures and some baseline reference temperature; usually the average over a previous multiple-year time period. (Monthly anomalies, which are not used here, are referenced to previous average for the same month to account for seasonal norms.)

The AGT model, a summation of contributing factors, is expressed in this equation:

Tanom = (A,y)+thcap-1 * Σyi=1895{B*[S(i)-Savg] + C*ln[TPW(i)/TPW(1895)] –                              F * [(T(i)/T(1895))4 – 1]} + D                                                                                 (1)

Where:
Tanom = Calculated average global temperature anomaly with respect to the baseline of the anomaly for the measured temperature data set, K
A = highest-to-lowest extent in the saw-tooth approximation of the net effect on planet AGT of all ocean cycles, K
y = year being calculated
(A,y) = value of the net effect of ocean cycles on AGT in year y (α-trend), K
thcap = effective  thermal capacitance [1] of the planet = 17±7 W yr m-2 K-1
1895 = Selected beginning year of acceptably accurate world wide temperature measurements.
B = combined proxy factor and influence coefficient for energy change due to sunspot number anomaly change, W yr m-2
S(i) = average daily V2 sunspot numbers [15,16] in year i
Savg = baseline for determining SSN anomalies
C = influence coefficient for energy change due to TPW change, W yr m-2
TPW(i) = total precipitable water in year i, kg m-2
TPW(1895) = TPW in 1895, same units as TPW(i) 
F = 1 to account for change to S-B radiation from earth due to AGT change, W yr m-2
T(i) = AGT calculated by adding T(1895) to the reported anomaly, K
T(1895) = AGT in 1895 = 286.707 K
D = offset that shifts the calculated trajectory vertically on the graph, without changing its shape, to best match the measured data, K (equivalent to changing the anomaly reference temperature).

Accuracy of the model is determined using the Coefficient of Determination, R 2, to compare calculated AGT with measured AGT.


Approximate effect on the planet of the net of ocean surface temperature (SST)
The average global ocean surface temperature oscillation is only about ±1/6 K. It is defined to not significantly add or remove planet energy. The net influence of SST oscillation on reported AGT is defined as α-trend. In the decades immediately prior to 1941 the amplitude range of the trends was not significantly influenced by change to any candidate internal forcing effect; so the observed amplitude of the effect on AGT of the net ocean surface temperature trend anomaly then, must be approximately the same as the amplitude of the part of the AGT trend anomaly due to ocean oscillations since then. This part is approximately 0.36 K total highest-to-lowest extent with a period of approximately 64 years (verified by high R2 in Table 1).

The measured AGT trajectory (Figure 9) suggests that the least-biased simple wave form of the effective ocean surface temperature oscillation is approximately saw-toothed. Approximation of the sea surface temperature anomaly oscillation can be described as varying linearly from –A/2 K in 1909 to approximately +A/2 K in 1941 and linearly back to the 1909 value in 1973. This cycle repeats before and after with a period of 64 years.

Because the actual magnitude of the effect of ocean oscillation in any year is needed, the expression to account for the contribution of the ocean oscillation in each year to AGT is given by the following:

ΔTosc = (A,y)             K (degrees)                 (2)

where the contribution of the net of ocean oscillations to AGT change is the magnitude of the effect on AGT of the surface temperature anomaly trend of the oscillation in year y, and A is the maximum highest-to-lowest extent of the effect on AGT of the net ocean surface temperature oscillation.

Equation (2) is graphed in Figure 4 for A=0.36.

Figure 4: Ocean surface temperature oscillations (α-trend) do not significantly affect the bulk energy of the planet.


Comparison of approximation with ‘named’ ocean cycles
Named ocean cycles include, in the Pacific north of 20N, Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO); in the equatorial Pacific, El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO); and in the north Atlantic, Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO).

Ocean cycles are perceived to contribute to AGT in two ways: The first is the direct measurement of sea surface temperature (SST). The second is warmer SST increases atmospheric water vapor which acts as a forcing and therefore has a time-integral effect on temperature. The approximation, (A,y), accounts for both ways.

SST data is available for three named cycles: PDO index, ENSO 3.4 index and AMO index. Successful accounting for oscillations is achieved for PDO and ENSO when considering these as forcings (with appropriate proxy factors) instead of direct measurements. As forcings, their influence accumulates with time. The proxy factors must be determined separately for each forcing. The measurements are available since 1900 for PDO [17] and ENSO3.4 [18]. This PDO data set has the PDO temperature measurements reduced by the average SST measurements for the planet.

The contribution of PDO and ENSO3.4 to AGT is calculated by:
PDO_NINO = Σyi=1900 (0.017*PDO(i) + 0.009 * ENSO34(i))        (3)

Where:
            PDO(i) = PDO index [17] in year i
            ENSO34(i) = ENSO 3.4 index [18] in year i

How this calculation compares to the idealized approximation used in Equation (2) with A = 0.36 is shown in Figure 5.


Figure 5: Comparison of idealized approximation of ocean cycle effect and the calculated effect from PDO and ENSO.

The AMO index [19] is formed from area-weighted and de-trended SST data. It is shown with two different amounts of smoothing in Figure 6 along with the saw-tooth approximation for the entire planet per Equation (2) with A = 0.36.
Figure 6: Comparison of idealized approximation of ocean cycle effect and the AMO index.

The high Coefficients of Determination in Table 1 and the comparisons in Figures 5 and 6 corroborate the assumption that the saw-tooth profile with a period of 64 years provides adequate approximation of the net effect of all named and unnamed ocean cycles in the calculated AGT anomalies.

Atmospheric carbon dioxide (rev 1/11/17)
The level of atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) has been widely measured over the years. Values from ancient times were determined by measurements on gas bubbles which had been trapped in ice cores extracted from Antarctic glaciers [20]. Spatial variations between sources have been found to be inconsequential [2]. The best current source for atmospheric carbon dioxide level [21] is Mauna Loa, Hawaii. The left graph in Figure 7 provides insight as to the fraction of atmospheric CO2 for various times and conditions. The planet came perilously close to extinction of all plants and animals due to the low level of CO2 at the end of the last glaciation. For plant growth, even at the current level the atmosphere is impoverished for CO2.

Figure 7: Atmospheric carbon dioxide levels.


Extrapolation to future CO2 levels, shown in the right side graph in Figure 7, is accomplished using a second-order curve fit to data measured at Mauna Loa from 1980 to 2012. Although CO2 has no significant effect on climate, the trajectory shape, including data back to 1610 from Law Dome (275 ppmv), was used as a proxy to extrapolate TPW back to 1610. 

Sunspot numbers
Sunspots have been regularly recorded since 1610. In 2015 historical (V1) SSN were reevaluated in light of current perceptions and more sensitive instruments and are designated as V2. The V2 SSN data set is used throughout this assessment. V2 SSN [15] are shown in Figure 8.

Sunspot numbers (SSN) are seen to be in cycles each lasting approximately 11 years. The current cycle, called 24, has been comparatively low, has peaked, and is now in decline.

The Maunder Minimum (1645-1700), an era of extremely low SSN, was associated with the Little Ice Age. The Dalton Minimum (1790-1820) was a period of low SSN and low temperatures. An unnamed period of low SSN (1880-1930) was also accompanied by comparatively low temperatures.

An assessment of this is that sunspots are somehow related to the net energy retained by the planet, as indicated by changes to the average global temperature trend. Fewer sunspots are associated with cooling, and more sunspots are associated with warming. Thus the hypothesis is made that SSN are proxies for the rate at which the planet accumulates (or loses) radiant energy over time. Therefore the time-integral of the SSN anomalies is a proxy for most of the amount of energy retained by the planet above or below breakeven.

Also, a lower solar cycle over a longer period might result in the same increase in energy retained by the planet as a higher solar cycle over a shorter period. Both magnitude and time are accounted for by taking the time-integral of the SSN anomalies, which is simply the sum of annual mean SSN (each minus Savg) over the period of study.

SSN change correlates with change to Total Solar Irradiance (TSI). However, TSI change can only account for less than 10% of the AGT change on earth. Because AGT change has been found to correlate with SSN change, the SSN change must act as a catalyst on some other factor (perhaps clouds [22]) which have a substantial effect on AGT.


Figure 8: V2 SSN [15]


Possible values for Savg are subject to two constraints. Initially they are determined as that which results in derived coefficients and maximum R2. However, calculated values must also result in rational values for calculated AGT at the depths of the Little Ice Age. The necessity to calculate a rational LIA AGT is a somewhat more sensitive constraint. The selected value for Savg results in calculated LIA AGT of approximately 1 K less than the recent trend which appears rational and is consistent with most LIA AGT assessments.


AGT measurement data set
In the last few years, reported temperature data, especially land temperature data, have been changed by the reporting agencies. This detracts from their applicability in any correlation.

Rapid year-to-year changes in reported temperature anomalies are not physically possible for true energy change of the planet. The sharp peak in 2015, which coincides with an extreme El Nino, is especially distorting. It, at least in part, will be compensated for by a La Nina which is likely to follow. For analysis here, the El Nino spike is compensated for by replacing reported AGT for 2013-2015 with the average 2002-2012.

 A further bit of confusion is introduced by satellite determinations. Anomalies they report as AGT anomalies are actually for the lower troposphere (LT), have a different reference temperature (reported anomalies determined using satellite data are about 0.2 K lower), and appear to be somewhat more volatile (about 0.15 K further extremes than surface measurements) to changes in forcing.

The data set used for this assessment is the current (5/27/16) HadCRUT4 data set [23] through 2012 with 2013-2015 set at the average 2002-2012 at 0.4863 K above the reference temperature. This set is shown in Figure 9.

Figure 9: HadCRUT4 data set as of 5/27/16 with flat starting in 2013 as used here.


The sunspot number anomaly time-integral is a proxy for a primary driver of the temperature anomaly β-trend
By definition, energy change divided by effective thermal capacitance is temperature change.

In all cases in this document, coefficients (A, B, C, & D) which achieved maximum R2 for unsmoothed data sets were not changed when calculating R2 for smoothed data. F=1 for all cases.

Incremental convergence to maximum R2 is accomplished by sequentially and repeatedly adjusting the coefficients. The process is analogous to tediously feeling the way along a very long and narrow mathematical tunnel in 4-dimensional mathematical space. The ‘mathematical tunnel’ is long and narrow because the influence on AGT determined by the SSN anomaly time-integral, at least until the last decade or so, is quite similar to the influence on AGT as determined by the rise in TPW.

Measured temperature anomalies in Figure 10 are HadCRUT4 data as shown in Figure 9. The excellent match of the up and down trends since before 1900 of calculated and measured temperature anomalies, shown here in Figure 10, and, for 5-year moving average smoothed temperature anomaly measurements, in Figure 11, demonstrate the usefulness and validity of the calculations. All reported values since before 1900 are within the range ±2.5 sigma (±0.225 K) from the calculated trend. Note: The variation is not in the method, or the measuring instruments themselves, but results from the effectively roiling (at this tiny magnitude of temperature change) of the object of the measurements.

Projection until 2020 uses the expected sunspot number trend for the remainder of solar cycle 24 as provided [16] by NASA. After 2020 the ‘limiting cases’ are either assuming sunspots like from 1924 to 1940 or for the case of no sunspots which is similar to the Maunder Minimum.

Some noteworthy volcanoes and the year they occurred are also shown on Figure 10. No consistent AGT response is observed to be associated with these. Any global temperature perturbation that might have been caused by volcanoes of this size is lost in the natural fluctuation of measured temperatures.

Much larger volcanoes can cause significant temporary global cooling from the added reflectivity of aerosols and airborne particulates. The Tambora eruption, which started on April 10, 1815 and continued to erupt for at least 6 months, was approximately ten times the magnitude of the next largest in recorded history and led to 1816 which has been referred to as ‘the year without a summer’. The cooling effect of that volcano exacerbated the already cool temperatures associated with the Dalton Minimum.

Figure 10: Measured average global temperature anomalies with calculated future trends using Savg = 60 and with V2 SSN. R 2 = 0.904520. (Rev 8/26/16)

Coefficients in Equation (1) which were determined by maximizing R2 identify maximums for each of the factors explicitly considered. Factors not explicitly considered (such as unaccounted for residual (apparently random) variation in reported annual measured temperature anomalies, aerosols, CO2, other non-condensing ghg, volcanoes, ice change, etc.) must find room in the unexplained residual, and/or by occupying a fraction of the effect otherwise occupied by each of the factors explicitly considered. 

Figure 11: Same as Figure 10 but with 5-year running average of measured temperatures. R2= 0.981782. (Rev 8/26/16)

The derived coefficients and other results are summarized in Table 1. Note that a coefficient of determination, R2 = 0.981782 means a near-perfect correlation coefficient of 0.99.

The influence of the net effect of factors other than the net effect of ocean cycles on AGT can be calculated by excluding the α-trend (set 'A' to zero) from the AGT which was calculated using Equation (1). For the values used in Figure 10, this results in the β-trend as s
          Kelly Slater Wins the 2008 Pipeline Masters        

On Friday Dec 12th Kelly Slater won his 6th Pipeline Masters in Hawaii defeating follow American Chris Ward. Pipeline was the last stop on the ASP Tour and is the most prestigious event in surfing. Slater paddled out in eight to 10 foot waves at Pipeline four times today, beating Chris Ward (USA) 14.00 to 7.23 in the in the first man-on-man final* held at the venue in eight years. Slater’s heat totals in the three heats prior to the final were 19.00, 18.63 and 19.40 – all out of a possible 20 points.

This years Pipeline Masters victory was doubly sweet given Parkinson made headlines earlier in the week by earning the first-ever perfect 20 out of 20 heat total at Pipeline – only the second perfect heat total in ASP history under the two wave format. Also Parko won the Vans Triple Crown of Surfing, which is the highest score for competitions at Haleiwa, Sunset Beach and the Pipeline Masters.

So now this the ASP Surfing tour all wrapped for 2008, this is how the final top ten standings look.

1) Kelly Slater (USA)
2) Bede Durbidge (AUS)
3) Taj Burrow (AUS)
4) Joel Parkinson (AUS)
5) C.J. Hobgood (USA)
6) Adrian Buchan (AUS)
7) Adriano de Souza (BRA)
8) Mick Fanning (AUS)
9) Bobby Martinez (USA)
10) Jeremy Flores (FRA)

At the age of 36, Kelly Slater’s 50-6 record is the most dominant in pro surfing history, which validates what we already knew, that he’s also surfing better than ever. But what does it all mean? Is Kelly Slater going to come back in 2009 to compete for his 10th ASP World Championship? I guess we will see on February 28 at the Quiksliver Pro, Gold Coast Australia, tour stop. I can’t wait for another year of the exciting ASP Tour.



          Blue Rings Sound in the Wind        
Relatives of the Rainbow,
Recognize this fact about a sound burst, it's waves go all around. The way you drop a rock into water, the waves move in a glory, meaning the ring is 360 degrees.

Sing in a circle to bring thine heart to where we wander through the arc. The rainbow does tell us a story true, bow down to the lesson, then treasure find you.



 
Impacts are wind created and sound vibrations (blue rings). This image shows how trees lay down in a directional placement, in ring shapes from the center.

Tell me a story how I had to bow to you, to show you my heart is true blue. Then I will remember that I did love you sow deep, my heart knows the merry gold (blue eternal ring that seeps).




In this image of St. Helen in Oregon, USA. You find that trees are laid out flat around the valleys and hills, but a wave on land, like a tidal wave in the ocean. These are blue rings.


We are learning to prepare for the blue rings of sound and water, the blue road of heavenly. By learning to allow a wave to flow through you, rather than thinking it can flow around you, one learns to travel safely in the time of the great migration upon us all.




This next image sent by Grandmother Upon the Hill (Dana). The blue (pink overlay) ring in the center is complete (360). Then red rings (two) attaches to the blue ring.


This is a time of pass over, however we pass over (arc) through the hearts of each other, through our rainbow colors. There is an arc, however the blue rings flow inside of you, rather than outside of you. It's like thinking the water flows inside the color doles. Like your blood that courses through your body, the blue road of winds, water and sound can flow on the inside of you.

Learning to allow and receive as well as have faith in one's greatness comes through understanding of the blue road. Below is an image of both blue and red rings. Each blue ring holds 12 red rings, just like the rainbow clan. We journey with our souls on the blue road. We flow on the red road, to act out our lessons, until real love is known, in order to flow through with the soul. Red rings move round and round, really moving no where. Light looks like it's moving, but ultimately moves back to where it started from. From dust to dust, the red road offers us musk (hard work and efforts in learning, labored).


On the blue road, the journey is heavenly, understanding lessons can be rolled over through the sacred arc, bowing. Learning to bow means one offers love and embraces others by being able to receive. The operative word, receive (the blue road).


A comet impact is only one way to see glory rings (360), on the blue road. Sound can have much devastation. Be sure to practice your forgiveness blessings, along with fire and water everyday, to ensure you can received the blue rings of the universe.



The red road is where paradise lives and where are dreams are enacted. The blue road ensures we journey through time, as we learn and experience life (growing up, personal evolution as well as worldly evolution, over four rolling hills in time). The red road carries us through time, with lessons. We learn when we are able to arc.


Blue hoops are always with an arc, for it's a 360 degrees or a circle, also called a glory. Look at this sonic boom!



FA/18 Compression Wave
As this FA/18 Super Hornet nears the sound barrier a huge compression wave forms as the moisture is forced from the air (a Prandtl-Glauert Singularity). Taken at Miramar Naval Air Station, San Diego. The rainbow is created by the condensation of water vapor droplets . This condensation is only created by a drop in local pressure. Condensation caused by the Prandtl-Glauert singularity can be seen in steady level flight usually at low altitude under humid conditions. by Gary Johnson

This whole article is a teaching about the blue road, the hoops of the universe, part of dreamspaces four directions. Blue rings, are heavenly breeze, the Sacred Song Blessings and all the world of changing tides. Each of us feel it. FEELING is part of the blue road, to hear the sounds around us. To become like sonar, to hear with your heart. Sing and vibrate your pipes. Use your voice and share your song.

We bow to our beloved relatives on the hoops. We bless the sacred nine directions, up, down, in, out, all around, left, right, forwards, backwards.
We bless water and fire, that they may shine together where heaven greets earth.

your devoted servant,
White Buffalo Calf Woman your Twin Deer Mother
elder crystal child, alightfromwithin.org
Rainbow Warriors of Prophecy

On the road hear we flow to know solid, where the making of creation is leaking tears. I hold in my hands the soul that creates this shaking, the beloved tears roll. And all my love that blesses this world, come to share with the river of love. And you will find that is true, my heart leans on the blue, because you are there, next to me. I must lean on you, for this day. I will show my heart sow we can pave, the road ahead in time, to bring our hearts to bind, together once more, that's the love we share.  Can you feel the heart within my pane. I look out my world without shame, because I know I did grow, to learn of each rolling stone, to be near the treasures, that was you, my deep dark blue. Heaven come near me, I will hold your hands. Heaven come near me, I will understand. There is a rolling wave to flow, on top of where heaven knows, the place within me shines to say, God is Glory all the way. Come be faithful let us sing, to the blue ring.

Eternal my soul I dew marry. I bring my heart to this daze that I feel. I will twin my soul, to show the river of gold, where the blue comes to save my wretched soul. Yet, now, all those tears beget me, that shines a place that is wet near, the river of life, we had to kiss twice, the blue and the red come to me, let the fire feel the breeze. I bless the heart of heaven in me. I bless the heart of heaven in thee. And where we walk to the talking of the blue, where heavenly relatives live you. You are soul, the keeper of time. You are star, so bright, you only need chime. Let the winds blow through your heart and find that you know the arc. Bow with the breeze, love all your enemies, then you can find your waves, into the heavenly paved. Let us rejoice in love this day. Let us know about perfect graceful ways. Let us be gracious in all we do, to save the love with you. And let our hearts find the way, to bring in love that saves our daze, the dream we hold to lift our hands, to help us know the glory and the demands. We are hear to shine for you. We are near to carry you through. Let us be one place to share near, the heart that lives without fear. Come hold my hand. 

The making of what is shaking, the hands of time that lean on the winds. Come take a hold of your hands to gift love that demands, that we know wise, to let others preside. Come share our hearts in the real world, where the blue of the soul appears. Let rings in your heart shine forever. We are part of what we know near. Come show the laughter and sunshine. Come shine for you and for me. We are brothers and sisters who long to feel, the love that grows in our heels. Come and share our hearts together. Let us kneel and shine our praise. For heaven knows why, for all things collide to shine for the true, the heart of me and you. Come share this wave, all around we share the daze. 

The dream phase!

White Buffalo Calf Woman Sings and Holiness David Running Eagle Shooting Star Drums

wolf warrior holds the rings
Relatives of the Rainbow,
In this article shared below, the title contains the words psychopathy and sixth extinction. Psycho has to do with our minds and the word pathy is about disease and illness. Our world is looking for answers, yet find themselves changing as beings, as many souls start to awaken. Managing our awakening means we must find the blue road of heavenly virtues. All is being revealed in the "books of life".  WE are sharing our relativity, the rings that go all around, the eternal blue, the deep blue seas of me and you. We bow and bless to protect this nest. The sixth extinction really is based on the management of your blessings, because it's through your daily purification processes, will your heart remain free sailing in the wind of others. WE are each a crystalline stone (four colors or directions), rolling down the crystalline stone river (rainbow clan).

Awaken to the heart of the people, to your brother your sister, your neighbor. Care till they walk away from you. Stand your ground on love. Validate all sound echoed. It's love that rules the air. Take a breath and beam your heart with waves that flow all around.

your devoted servant, White Buffalo Calf Woman bowing with you, to show we are true.
love blossoming the view, elder crystal child, alightfromwithin.org
Rainbow Warriors of Prophecy

read more: http://sacredsongblessings.blogspot.com/2012/03/spokes-of-our-lives-sacred-circle.html

On Thu, Apr 12, 2012 at 12:21 PM, White Buffalo Calf Woman, your Twin Deer Mother whitebuffalocalfwoman@gmail.com wrote:

Relatives,

This is only part of the article and there are many comments as well, however I included the details about comet impact upon our world.

The waves move in rings, this is the blue road. Learning to navigate the blue road, means allowing the waves of the red road to flow through you. This is not easy to do.

Being prepared for comet impacts is preparing for the winds to cleanse the world. Wind is the blue, part of the deep dark blue of heavenly. Only heavenly preparation can get you through these trying times.
How to weave to and fro is the great learning on the yellow road. Warriors in training look for collisions.
Pass over means one who can pass through the global events occurring to day, this year 2012 and survive. Change is upon this world. Evolution sings her song.

You know the trees laid this way also happened at Mt. St. Helen in Oregon, USA. After the blast, the trees laid exactly the same. A blast, moves in circles from the center to the edges. This is the blue rings. Preparing to move in the blue rings is a learning. This is the mighty winds that come to blow in the future. You cannot run from it, you can only stand in it. Learning how to stand inside the raging waves, only occurs with those who have practiced spiritual motion on the blue road. WE pray you learn to pray. WE pray you learn about the blue road of heaven's reign. WE pray that we save as many relatives that we can, for that day, many comets show their face.

Aho and over the rainbow, your devoted servant,
White Buffalo Calf Woman your Twin Deer Mother
elder crystal child, alightfromwithin.org
Rainbow Warriors of Prophecy

Tunguska, Psychopathy and the Sixth Extinction

Laura Knight-Jadczyk
Sott.net
Mon, 30 Jun 2008 04:33 CDT
Tunguska

How the Tunguska object may have appeared.
One hundred and three years ago today, on the night of 30 June and 1 July, one of the most extraordinary events in modern history occurred.
The first reports of a strange glow in the sky came from across Europe. Shortly after midnight on 1 July 1908, Londoners were intrigued to see a pink phosphorescent night sky over the capital. People who had retired awoke confused as the strange pink glow shone into their bedrooms. The same ruddy luminescence was reported over Belgium. The skies over Germany were curiously said to be bright green, while the heavens over Scotland were of an incredible intense whiteness which tricked the wildlife into believing it was dawn. Birdsong started and cocks crowed - at two o'clock in the morning. The skies over Moscow were so bright, photographs were taken of the streets without using a magnesium flash. A captain on a ship on the River Volga said he could see vessels on the river two miles away by the uncanny astral light. One golf game in England almost went on until four in the morning under the nocturnal glow, and in the following week The Times of London was inundated with letters from readers from all over the United Kingdom to report the curious 'false dawn'. A woman in Huntingdon wrote that she had been able to read a book in her bedroom solely by the peculiar rosy light. There were hundreds of letters from people reporting identical lighting conditions that went on for weeks... (Tom Slemen)
None of the people witnessing this strange phenomenon had any idea that, in the central Siberian plateau, just after 7:15 a.m. local time, the planet had been hit by a cometary impactor that exploded - as most such impactors do - in the atmosphere just above the Earth's surface.

There was, of course, a great deal of comment about the strange, glowing sky in newspapers and scientific journals at the time. A theory was proposed that icy particles had somehow formed high in the atmosphere and were reflecting sunlight. Another theory suggested that a strange auroral disturbance was involved. The Danish astronomer Kohl pointed out that several very large meteors had recently been observed over Denmark and he suggested that comet dust in the high atmosphere might account for the phenomenon. He was getting close, but in general, there was no agreement as to what had happened.

An Irkutsk newspaper dated 2 July reported that, in a village more than 200 miles from the Tunguska river, peasants had seen a fireball brighter than the sun approach the ground, followed by a huge cloud of black smoke, a forked tongue of flame and a loud crash as if from gunfire.
All the villagers ran into the street in panic. The old women wept and everyone thought the end of the world was approaching.
Nearly 400 miles south-west of the explosion, at 7:17 a.m. on 30 June, a train driver on the Trans-Siberian express had to stop his train for fear of derailment due to the tremors and commotion. In towns 300 to 400 miles away, hurricane-like gusts rattled doors, windows and crockery. This was followed within minutes by shock waves which knocked down horses and hurled people working on boats into the river.

Over 550 miles to the south of the explosion, a seismograph in the city of Irkutsk near Lake Baikal, close to the Mongolian border, registered strong earth tremors.

Local Siberian newspapers carried stories of a fireball in the sky, and a fearful explosion, but by the autumn of 1908 these stories had died out, and they went unnoticed in St. Petersburg, Moscow and the West. The region was arguably one of the most inaccessible places on Earth, in the center of Siberia.

The closest observers of the explosion were reindeer herders asleep in their tents in several camps about 30 km from the site. They were blown into the air and knocked unconscious; one man blown into a tree later died of his injuries.
Early in the morning when everyone was asleep in the tent, it was blown up in the air along with its occupants. Some lost consciousness. When they regained consciousness, they heard a great deal of noise and saw the forest burning around them, much of it devastated.

The ground shook and incredibly prolonged roaring was heard. Everything round about was shrouded in smoke and fog from burning, falling trees. Eventually the noise died away and the wind dropped, but the forest went on burning. Many reindeer rushed away and were lost. [earthsci.org]
Thousands of reindeer, in the general area around ground zero, were killed. Many campsites and storage huts belonging to the herders that dotted the area were destroyed.

Rumors of an extraordinary event persisted, transmitted back by geologists and other researchers working in the area. These stories attracted the attention of a meteorite researcher, Leonard Kulik. But, it was not until 1927 that he could finally lead an expedition to the site of the 1908 explosion.
Kulik got off the Trans-Siberian railway at the Taishet station and on horse-drawn sledges they set off on an arduous three-day odyssey through 350 miles of ice and snow until he and his men reached the village of Kezhma, situated on the River Angara. At the village Kulik and his party of researchers replenished their supplies of food, then struggled on for a three-day journey across wild and unchartered areas of Siberia until they reached the log-cabin village of Vanavara on 25 March.

Kulik then tried to make headway through the untamed Siberian forests, or taiga as the Russians call it, but was forced to turn back after heavy snowdrifts almost froze the horses to death. For three days Kulik was forced to remain in the snow-bound village of Vanavara, but during this period he interviewed many of the Evenki hunters who had witnessed the Siberian fireball's arrival on this planet.

The tales of the sky being ripped open by a falling sun and of a great thunder shaking the ground made Kulik even more eager to penetrate the taiga to find his holy grail.

When the weather gradually improved, Kulik set out for the Tunguska Valley. When he finally reached the site of the mysterious explosion, he was almost speechless. From a ridge overlooking the scene, Kulik took out his notebook and scribbled down his first impressions of the damage wreaked by the cosmic vandal. Kulik wrote:
From our observation point no sign of forest can be seen, for everything has been devastated and burned, and around the edge of the dead area, the young, twenty-year-old forest growth has moved forward furiously, seeking sunshine and life. One has an uncanny feeling when one sees twenty to thirty-inch [thick] giant trees snapped across like twigs, and their tops hurled many yards away.
Tunguska
Aftermath of the Tunguska explosion
There were three further expeditions to the site of the Tunguska explosion, all of them headed by Kulik. In 1941, Hitler attacked Russia. The 58-year-old Leonid Kulik volunteered to defend Moscow, but was wounded by the Nazis. He was captured by German troops and thrown in a prison camp where he died from his wounds. [Tom Slemen]
The energy of the explosion has been calculated from the extent of the flattened forest and from the small pressure waves which arrived at the speed of sound and were recorded on barographs around the world including stations between Cambridge, 50 miles north of London, and Petersfield, 55 miles south. Interestingly, it took the meteorologists in England twenty years to make the connection between their records and the devastation in Tunguska. The wave trains were unlike any others which had been recorded up until that time but nowadays we know that they do resemble those obtained from a hydrogen bomb explosion. It seems that the impact had an energy of 30 to 40 megatons, the combined force of a few dozen ordinary hydrogen bombs.

According to John Baxter and Thomas Atkins, in their book The Fire Came By, the explosion resulted in an enormous "pillar of fire" and the blinding column was visible for hundreds of miles. The series of thunderous claps that followed could be heard for 500 miles or more.

The noise of the explosion deafened those close to the blast. Following that, a searingly hot thermal current from the fire in the sky raced across the forests. Tall conifers were scorched and ignited and the fires burned for days. Residents of Vanavara, a small trading post about forty miles distant, felt the fierce draft of heat. Some individuals there were flung into the air as the shock wave arrived; pieces of sod were gouged up, ceilings collapsed, and windows were shattered.

Tunguska2
© Unknown
Aftermath of the Tunguska explosion
As it happens, the date of fall, 30 June, corresponds to the passage of the Earth through the maximum of the Beta Taurid stream. From this and its trajectory, it appears that the Tunguska object was part of the Taurid complex. Probably the Earth passed through a swarm within the stream.

The scientific investigation undertaken by Kullik in 1927 revealed that near the center of the blast many of the trees were still standing upright, even though denuded of limbs and leaves. Further from ground zero the trees were blown down and seared, forming concentric circles with the bases of the trees all pointing in the direction of the center of the blast. All of this evidence pointed to the fact that the blast almost certainly occurred in mid air.

Tunguska3
© Unknown
This diagram shows the directions of the blast
The occurrence, this century, of an impact with the energy of a really big hydrogen bomb does give one pause. Had the incident occurred today, it would probably trigger World War Three. Just a few hours earlier or later and the impact could have been over a major city or urban area. But that didn't happen. As noted, it was twenty years before anyone really had an inkling of what DID happen. That was partly due to the fact that the Russians in 1908 were somewhat occupied with politics. The previous year, 1907, Czar Nicholas had found himself faced with revolutionaries being elected in large numbers to the newly created parliament - the Duma. The eventual revolution began in 1918. One might even say that the Tunguska event was a harbinger of things to come. And maybe in more ways than anybody thinks.


© Unknown
This diagram shows the area of damage in Tunguska as compared to the size of Washington D.C.
Eighty-six years later, in July of 1994, there was another harbinger: the fragments of Comet Shoemaker-Levy struck Jupiter:

Shoemaker-Levy
If they were able to brush Tunguska off as a fluke, scientists were not so easily able to put aside the spectacle of a whole string of comets hitting another planet in our solar system, one after the other, as the planet spun in space. In the same year, a book entitled Hazards due to Comets and Asteroids was published in reaction to this, then impending, event. The book is a collection of papers which I have referenced before in this series. One of the papers in that book says:
Our understanding of the history of Earth and its inhabitants is undergoing a radical change. The gradual processes of geologic change and evolution, it is now clear, are punctuated by natural catastrophes on a colossal scale - catastrophes resulting from collisions of large asteroids and comets with Earth. It is, to use the popular term, a "paradigm shift."

This "new catastrophism," is not unlike the revolutions brought about by the heliocentric solar system of Copernicus, or Darwinian evolution, or the big bang. In retrospect, such revolutionary ideas always seem obvious. On reading the Origin of Species, Thomas Huxley remarked simply: "Why didn't I think of that." Now, looking at the Moon, we find ourselves wondering why it took so long to ask whether the process that cratered its surface is still going on. (Robert L. Park of The American Physical Society, Lori B. Garver of the National Space Society and Terry Dawson, a staffer for the House Committee on Science, Technology, and Space working for the Committee's then Chairman, Rep. George Brown )
Let me repeat that most important remark:
Our understanding of the history of Earth and its inhabitants is undergoing a radical change. The gradual processes of geologic change and evolution, it is now clear, are punctuated by natural catastrophes on a colossal scale ...
That may be the understatement of the millennium.

It has been suggested by a number of researchers that the current "climate change" issues are actually due to the earth moving through cosmic dust clouds and that all the hoopla about global warming is simply a cover-up of this fact. Astrophysicist Victor Clube suggests that it is a cometary cosmic dust cloud, left over from the break-up of a giant comet that, for a long period of the Earth's history, threatened and bombarded our planet with unspeakably horrible, civilization destroying fragments, i.e. the progenitor of the Taurid stream, including the Tunguska comet. Clube also argues that these events were the basis for the formulation of humanity's ideas about the cosmos, god and religion and even astrology. Over time, as the giant comet spent most of its mass in its Titanic fury, dying away to occasional less than civilization destroying bombardments, our conceptions of gods changed; the reality was tossed out the window in favor of fairy tales for both science and religion, not to mention astrology. He writes:
Three thousand years ago, in accordance with age-old practice, the kings of Babylon were still employing astronomer-priests to give warnings of cosmic visitations. A thousand years ago, the emperors of China were still relying on similar skills, while in Europe the Pope saw messages in the sky and urged Holy War. But this latter was an aberration; for the last two and a half thousand years have seen the decline and fall of the sky gods, and the growing presumption that the cosmos is stable and regular. The shift of paradigm has been unconscious, convenient, insidious and thorough. Probably, the rediscovery of a lost tradition of celestial catastrophe could not have been made through analysis of ancient texts alone; a key had to be provided, and it has been, by the paraphernalia of modern science. It is a salutary lesson both on the capacity of human reasoning to get it wrong for long periods of time, and on the essential unity of knowledge.

It would be naïve to think, however, that one merely has to point to deep-seated cracks in the structure of modern knowledge to have scholars setting to and constructing a better framework within which mankind might plan his future. There is considerable intellectual capital invested in the status quo, enough to ensure that those with an interest in preserving it, the 'enlightened' and the 'established', will continue to present the cosmos to us in a suitably non-violent form. The history of ideas reveals that some will even go further and act as a kind of thought police, whipping potential deviants into line. For them, temporal power takes precedence over the fate of the species. (Clube, The Cosmic Winter)
This problem of the "status quo" and "thought police" is not a minor issue. In this series of articles that were kicked off by Mike Baillie's book New Light on the Black Death, we have repeatedly come face to face with the obvious fact that those in positions of power and authority lie to the masses of humanity as a rule rather than an exception.

http://www.sott.net/articles/show/160925-Tunguska-Psychopathy-and-the-Sixth-Extinction

read more: http://sacredsongblessings.blogspot.com/2012/03/spokes-of-our-lives-sacred-circle.html




 

 
Rainbow Warriors of Prophecy
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"When you trust your flesh, you lose your address (forgetting you are living in heaven). Trust your soul, the eternal nose (knows or bridge to your flesh, the wild wild west, where the sun does rise within). If you don't know who you are and don't know what you are doing, then know the Soul knows the way, true to yesterday (the eternal circle of life, repeats and grows)!
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Shame and blame are the past's game, and now we are onto a new frame, the vision of Oneness of heaven above (soul), where song's sing down below (flesh), rejoice I say, rejoice and play, while we learn to live a new way! Brotherhood here we come, let's hop, skip and play!

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