1994        

From: "scrittore della domenica" <scritdom72@unimi.it>
To: "lorenzo" <Lrnz73@unipi.it>
Date sent: Mon, 14 Feb 1994 12:09:05
Subject: Eccomi

Mannaggia a te! Che c'era di male nelle lettere cartacee? Signornò. "Dai, mandami un'e-mail! E' facile, divertente, vedrai!". - Intanto ho dovuto iscrivermi al laboratorio d'informatica di questa cavolo di università, dove bisogna fare domanda in carta bollata anche per un caffè al bar. Poi, io il computer manco lo so usare. A quest'ora dovrei essere in sala studio a preparare l'esame di diritto privato comparato (capirai); invece sto qua ad arrovellarmi con tastiera e mouse.

Va beh. Ti scrivo per questo: devi assolutamente registrarmi un po' di cassette di musica rock. Hai presente? Quella che tu hai sempre detto che io la snobbo. Specialmente, quanto più progressive anni '70 riesci a procurarmi. Non so, gli Yes, i Genesis, i King Crimson, quella roba là. E poi il grunge. Non i Nirvana, ché onestamente non li reggo: Smashing Pumpkins, Pearl Jam, Soundgarden. E magari della musica da discoteca, però di un certo livello. E ci sarebbe un pezzo di un gruppo inglese che mi ossessiona, si chiama... ce l'ho sulla punta della lingua. Basta, appena mi ricordo il titolo te lo dico.

No, non sono impazzito. E' che ho conosciuto una ragazza molto simpatica che ha questi gusti musicali. Anche molto bella, a dire la verità. Anzi, la sola cosa che le vorrei dire è proprio questa: che la trovo bellissima. Ma, tu mi conosci; non c'è verso; se provo ad affrontare l'argomento, ammutolisco senza rimedio. Così mi servono urgentemente altri argomenti di conversazione. Lei studia inglese, e fin qui posso arrangiarmi. L'ho anche accompagnata a lezione, ho studiato i suoi appunti. Sai? Sto diventando, credo, il massimo esperto di T. S. Eliot di tutto il basso Ionio reggino. Quest'estate, se non altro, potrò esibirmi nei locali sul lungomare recitando The Waste Land a memoria.

Ma tutto questo non basta. Prima o poi dovrò trovare il coraggio di invitarla a uscire una sera, che so, ad un concerto, o addirittura (non ridere) a ballare. Perché ho capito che alle matinée in Conservatorio lei non ci viene. Ebbene, è qui che subentri tu. Devi aiutarmi ad andare oltre Beethoven. Ripeto, procurami del rock, perché mi serve come il pane!

Attendo tue notizie, stammi bene.

P.S. Mi sono ricordato il titolo di quella canzone: Creep, dei Radiohead.


From: "scrittore della domenica" <scritdom72@unimi.it>
To: "lorenzo" <Lrnz73@unipi.it>
Date sent: Mon, 21 Mar 1994 15:31:22
Subject: Re: Re: Eccomi

Grandi novità! Abbiamo occupato. Ora la nostra casa dello studente è Pensionato Universitario Occupato Autogestito. L'abbiamo deciso venerdì sera, al termine di un'agitata assemblea sugli ultimi aumenti delle rette e della mensa. Io mi sono aggiudicato la gran parte dei turni di notte in portineria: sia per evitare i turni di pulizia, sia perché mi piace fare le ore piccole e perché durante l'occupazione c'è un bel clima. Si parla, si beve, si fuma tabacco e non solo: effettivamente, non sto studiando granché. Però mi diverto.

Ieri, per esempio, verso la mezzanotte la situazione comprendeva una bottiglia di mirto, uno stereo, sei-sette persone fra cui Alice (la ragazza di cui ti ho parlato nella mia ultima lettera) e me. Il guaio è che dopo un'oretta loro sono usciti, per andare credo in discoteca, mentre io dovevo rimanere per continuare il turno; ma mi hanno lasciato la bottiglia, d'altronde semivuota, e lo stereo. O forse due bottiglie e due sterei, a quel punto non capivo più bene. Sono riuscito, in qualche modo, a togliere la cassetta dei Rage Against The Machine e a mettere su il Lamento d'Arianna di Monteverdi, che in quel momento era anche più adatto.

A proposito: mi hai registrato le cassette che ti ho chiesto? Se scendi anche tu in Calabria per le elezioni, tra una settimana me le puoi dare. Ma l'hai visto quel pagliaccio miliardario? E pensa che magari qualcuno lo voterà anche. Viviamo in un paese meraviglioso.


From: "scrittore della domenica" <scritdom72@unimi.it>
To: "lorenzo" <Lrnz73@unipi.it>
Date sent: Fri, 15 Apr 1994, 16:05:30
Subject: buona notte al secchio

La sai una cosa? Tre anni fa, dopo il diploma, commisi un solo errore.

Allo sportello della stazione chiesi un biglietto per Milano. Sbagliai: avrei dovuto comprare un sola andata per Londra, o per Parigi, o per Berlino.

L'occupazione è finita. L'Ente per il Diritto allo Studio ha promesso che, col nuovo bilancio, ben il 3,75% delle risorse aggiuntive sarà stanziato per porre rimedio ai recenti rincari delle tariffe, compatibilmente con il principio del pareggio contabile.

Insomma: non abbiamo ottenuto un bel niente.

Ho saputo che Alice si è fidanzata. Con uno studente d'ingegneria, milanese da varie generazioni e di ottima famiglia, buon giocatore dilettante di basket. Ha una macchina svedese con doppia alimentazione, benzina verde e gas, perché bisogna proteggere l'ambiente. Un bravissimo ragazzo.

Tutto è perduto. Mentre questa ridicola nazione, consegnatasi ancora volontaria nelle mani di un tirannello squilibrato, si avvia verso il suo triste destino, io ti comunico la mia irrevocabile decisione.

Pongo rimedio al mio errore.

Espatrio.

E basta, con queste e-mail del piffero! Ti farò avere prossimamente il mio nuovo recapito estero.

La sai un'altra cosa? Siamese Dream degli Smashing Pumpkins è molto più noioso della più tediosa sinfonia di Bruckner.


From: "scrittore della domenica" <scritdom72@unimi.it>
To: "lorenzo" <Lrnz73@unipi.it>
Date sent: Tue, 26 Apr 1994 16:28:43
Subject: scherzavo

E niente: all'estero non sono andato.

Ti spiego cos'è successo.

Sai che mi è sempre piaciuto stare sveglio fino a tardi; ultimamente sto esagerando; mi succede spesso di fare l'alba. Da un po' non scendo neanche più in sala studio, per non rischiare d'incontrare Alice. La sera me ne sto tappato in camera, ascoltando Brahms.

Un mio consiglio per i giovani: se abitate in una casa dello studente, cercate di non innamorarvi mai di un'altra persona ospite del pensionato. Soprattutto se non corrisposti.

Bene: domenica notte, mentre studiavo, ho messo su il Tristano. Così, tanto per cambiare. Ma, poco dopo il preludio, ho dovuto spegnere.

Frisch weht der Wind
Der Heimat zu
Mein Irisch Kind,
Wo weilest du?


Mi si è annebbiata la vista, e ho scoperto che avevo finito i kleenex. Ho chiuso il libro. Mi sono alzato dalla sedia e sono andato a lavarmi il viso con l'acqua fredda. Poi sono tornato alla scrivania.

Ho acceso il quinto canale della radio (quello che trasmette solo classica). C'era un brano di avanguardia; una cosa che non conoscevo, una specie di collage sonoro sul tipo di Revolution 9 dei Beatles, hai presente? Folle in tumulto, suoni strani, rumori ambientali, nastri in loop, voci umane che declamano sillabe incomprensibili. Un delirio.

Roba forte! Ho attaccato lo spinotto delle cuffie alla radio e mi sono sparato il brano nelle orecchie, chiudendo gli occhi e reclinando indietro la testa. A un certo punto, dal tappeto sonoro ha cominciato a emergere una voce femminile, che sembrava pronunciare un testo coerente. Dapprima si sentiva sullo sfondo, e non si capiva bene cosa dicesse; qualcosa sul Vietnam. Man mano, la voce diventava sempre più forte, più netta, e veniva sempre più in primo piano. Alla fine, con una presenza sonora impressionante, la voce scandiva, anzi no scolpiva, queste parole: "Rimanete qui, e combattete per la vostra dignità di uomini".

"Avete ascoltato: Luigi Nono, Contrappunto dialettico alla mente", ha detto l'annunciatore.

Ho staccato lo spinotto, ho tolto le cuffie e ho spento la radio.

Ho riconsiderato la mia intenzione di espatriare. Ho pensato: ma non l'ho già fatto? Sono già emigrato. E prima di me mio padre, proprio negli anni in cui Nono componeva quel pezzo.

Quante volte ancora voglio fare le valigie?

Possibile che l'unica soluzione sia quella di scappare sempre più lontano?

L'indomani, 25 aprile, sono andato alla manifestazione. Il concentramento era alle due del pomeriggio; ma mi sono svegliato così tardi che non ho potuto neanche fare colazione. Ho preso un caffè al distributore automatico giù in atrio e sono uscito, in direzione porta Venezia.

Era previsto un corteo molto grande. E' stato immenso. Mai vista tanta gente tutta insieme! E che varietà, quanti colori, che musiche, che allegria! Quanta pioggia, anche: veniva giù a secchiate, per tutta la durata della manifestazione.



Io ero in fondo al corteo, e pensa che non sono neppure riuscito a entrare in piazza Duomo, tanto era gremita! Ho svoltato per piazza Fontana, poi per via Larga. Ho vagato per un pezzo; non so chi o cosa mi aspettassi di trovare, a parte qualcosa da mettere sotto i denti, dato che avevo una fame da lupo.

Mi sono ritrovato, non so come, in piazza Sant'Alessandro, vicino alla facoltà di lingue, che naturalmente era chiusa; c'era però un bar-tavola calda miracolosamente aperto; mi ci sono fiondato dentro.

Ero seduto sul mio sgabello, dando le spalle all'ingresso, e divoravo la mia pizzetta, ovviamente pessima come solo a Milano la sanno fare, quando mi è parso di vedere una sorta di variazione nella luce. Come se avesse improvvisamente smesso di piovere e fosse uscito un sole splendente.

Mi giro, e vedo Alice entrare nel locale e raggiungermi.

Era in tenuta da manifestazione: jeans sdruciti, camicia grunge, niente make-up (lei che di solito è così curata). I lunghi capelli biondi inumiditi dalla pioggia, che intanto continuava a scrosciare.

"Ciao", le dico. "Dov'è il tuo fidanzato?"

"Sciocco", mi ha risposto. "Oggi ci sono cose più importanti", ha detto. "C'è mezza casa dello studente qui fuori: abbiamo fatto uno striscione molto figo, lo andiamo ad attaccare al portone dell'I.S.U. Cosa fai qua, solo come un gufo? Vieni anche tu!"

Non me lo sono fatto dire due volte.

E dunque. Fra un mese ho l'esame di diritto sindacale. Materia interessante, sai? Credo che chiederò la tesi.

Per ora rimango qui.

(Racconto già pubblicato su Evulon. Ogni riferimento a fatti, persone, città, eventi, uomini politici, bar e pizzette della realtà è puramente casuale).
          Side-talk: So Pho review at NEX        
I decide that I should occasionally do food review on this blog too after my first food-related post on Swensens' mooncake here. Hope you readers like it :). Yesterday, my sister and I decided to have an impromptu dinner after a long day at school. It has been quite some time since we pamper ourselves with good food since year 4 in university has been quite hectic. So we decide to NEX at Serangoon since it is on the way and it has quite a few halal eateries there.

I arrives at NEX first since NTU is further away than NUS. I had to wait for 30 minutes or so. We settled for So Pho, since my sister is craving for something soupy. There wasn't a queue but we had to wait quite sometime to get a seat. However that place was pretty packed.

We had Pho Bo (Vietnamese Slice Beef Noodle Soup) and Lychee Mint Freeze for drinks. I think Pho Bo is their specialty. I didn't take long for food to come, but it took quite long to the waiters to take our orders. I guess they are short of staff.

I would say that the Beef noodle is pretty good. The noodles are nice and chewy, I really like the texture. The soup is nice too, with a just enough hint of spiciness. The portion is pretty generous. The bowl is big, I thought it would just be because of the soup. But there is generous portion of noodles and beef.


Lychee Mint Freeze was a nice surprise. I taste quite unique I would say. But since it is ice-blended, it doesn't really quench out thirst.

We pack home seafood fried rice and the prawn and lemongrass chicken summer rolls for our parents. My mum really liked the summer rolls. Sorry no photos for that.

Pho Bo - $8.80

Lychee Mint Freeze - $4.50
Do give So Pho a try if you haven't!


          NEW: RFK Jr. says ‘recent forensic evidence’ points to two shooters in his father’s assassination         


Robert F. Kennedy flanked by union organizers Dolores Huerta (left) and Paul Schrade (right). Huerta co-founded what would become the United Farm Workers. Schrade, also a union organizer, was one of five others wounded when RFK was assassinated in 1968.
- Photo courtesy of Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund


Cool Justice:
RFK Jr. points to forensic evidence of second gunman in his father’s assassination
By Andy Thibault


Buried on page 271 of Robert F. Kennedy Jr.’s new book on the Skakel murder case in Greenwich is a quick, but telling reference to his father’s assassination.

As part of my summer reading I highlighted the passage. I had a visceral sense it was important.

Kennedy family members rarely have spoken publicly about the assassinations of either President John Kennedy or U.S. Sen. Robert Kennedy, much less criticized the official findings. The passage is noteworthy for the simple fact it is memorialized in a book. It is not just a comment in an interview.

This angle deserves serious attention, and so it wasn’t shoehorned into the column published Aug. 5 on the Greenwich murder case, “COOL JUSTICE: RFK Jr. attacks prosecutors, cops, courts for willful misconduct as he asserts cousin Skakel’s innocence.”

  • Aug. 5 column

  • Some of Kennedy’s claims and his book investigating the murder of 15-year-old Martha Moxley in Greenwich in 1975 have been panned by the state Judicial Department and other authors who chronicled the case. A state Supreme Court ruling on whether Skakel will face a retrial or be sent back to prison is expected this fall. A senior judge ruled in 2013 that Skakel did not receive a fair trial when he was convicted of the Moxley murder in 2002. Skakel was freed on bond after serving 11 years of a sentence of 20 years to life in jail.

    That covers a lot of ground, and the next court decision will be big news. It seems to me the “footnote” on page 271 also is big news.

    Following are two paragraphs from Kennedy’s book, “Framed, Why Michael Skakel Spent Over A Decade In Prison For A Murder He Didn’t Commit,” leading up to the clincher paragraph on the RFK assassination:

    “I sympathize deeply with Dorthy Moxley [Martha’s mother]. I have seen up-close the agony of a mother’s grief over the loss of her child. my mother lost her husband to murder and two of her sons to violent, untimely deaths in the bosom of their youth. I was with her when my father died. I stood beside her 29 years later as my little brother Michael died in her arms.

    “My mother told us that we needed to let go of our impulse for revenge and allow the cycle of violence to end with our family. This, she said, was the lesson of the New Testament, which swapped the savage eye-for-an-eye tribalism of the Old Testament for the ethical mandate that we turn the other cheek. But forgiveness wasn’t just ethics. It was salutary. Revenge and resentments, my mother said, are corrosive. Indulging them is like swallowing poison and hoping someone else will die. By opposing the death penalty for Sirhan, we diluted these poisonous passions.

    “And what if, God forbid, the object of our revenge turns out to be innocent? For several decades, my father’s close friend Paul Schrade [in recent photo, right], who took one of Sirhan’s bullets, has argued that Sirhan Sirhan did not fire the shot that killed my father. Recent forensic evidence supports him. How would we have felt now, if our family had demanded his execution?”

    Like most Americans, I had not paid much attention to the forensic details regarding the RFK murder. What kind of evidence was RFK Jr. referring to? What is the significance of his dropping this tidbit toward the end of a book on another subject?

    Robert F. Kennedy was shot just after midnight on June 5, 1968 in the back and in the back of the head at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles. He had been celebrating his California primary win in his campaign for the Democratic nomination for president. Kennedy had become a vigorous opponent of the Vietnam War and an advocate for civil rights, unions and racial justice. His death came just two months after the murder of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.

    The renowned forensic pathologist and medical school professor, Dr. Cyril Wecht, assisted Los Angeles Chief Medical Examiner Dr. Thomas Noguchi in efforts to secure the Kennedy body and perform the autopsy. I reached out to Wecht this week to talk about the new Kennedy statement and the evidence cited by Paul Schrade and others.

    Regarding Robert Kennedy Jr.’s statement in the new book, Wecht commented: “I think it’s commendable. I wish he had done it sooner.”


    Letter presented this year to California parole officials by Paul Schrade


  • Complete column at Litchfield County Times


  • Also at:
  • New Haven Register







  • more COOL JUSTICE







  • Via @NorwichBulletin #moreCOOLJUSTICE @ #SpraguePublicLibrary 9-22-16 #TrueCrime All Sides of the Law






  • Recent column: Judges who played role in murder probe squelched access to key testimony




  •           10 FILM TERBAIK SEPANJANG MASA MENURUT VOTING 358 SUTRADARA DUNIA        

    10 FILM TERBAIK SEPANJANG MASA MENURUT VOTING 358 SUTRADARA DUNIA


    Robert De Niro dalam Film taxi Driver, tahun 1976.  Sumber: ini

    10 FILM TERBAIK SEPANJANG MASA MENURUT PARA SUTRADARA


    10 film berikut ini menjadi Film Terbaik Sepanjang Masa setelah dilakukan voting kepada 358 sutradara dunia.  Sebut saja Francis Ford Coppola, Woody Allen, Quentin Tarantino, Terence Davies, Guillermo del Toro, Martin Scorsese, Olivier Assayas, Nuri Bilge Ceylan, Michael Mann, Mike Leigh, Guy Maddin, dan banyak lagi.

    DAFTAR 10 FILM TERBAIK SEPANJANG MASA HASIL VOTING 358 SUTRADARA

    Berikut ini Daftar 10 Film Terbaik menurut voting para sutradara dunia :


    TOKYO STORY

        Poster Film Tokyo Story.  Sumber: ini

    Tokyo Story merupakan satu film terbaik dunia yang disutradarai oleh Ozu Yasujiro.  Tokyo Story dirilis pada tahun 1953 dan sukses menginspirasi para sineas dunia. Dibintangi oleh Chishû Ryû, Tokyo Story mengisahkan tentang orang tua yang pergi ke Tokyo untuk mengunjungi anaknya yang sudah dewasa.

    Film ini menyajikan gambaran kontras ketika sang anak kandung terlalu sibuk untuk memberi perhatian kepada kedua orang tuanya, namun justru anak angkatnya yang memperlakukan dengan baik. Tokyo story meraih 48 vote dari para sutradara dunia, dan menjadi pemuncak daftar film terbaik sepanjang masa. 


    A SPACE ODYSSEY

        Poster Film A Space Odyssey.  Sumber: ini

    Di posisi kedua ada film mahakarya Stanley Kubrick yang berjudul 2001: A Space Odyssey. Dibintangi oleh Keir Dullea, film ini mengisahkan tentang perjalanan luar angkasa yang menembus ruang dan waktu dengan konsep dan imajinasi yang tinggi dari Kubrick. Film 2001: A Space Odyssey meraih 42 vote dari para sutradara.

    Christopher Nolan pernah mengatakan bahwa film 2001: A Space Odyssey ini merupakan salah satu inspirasinya dalam membuat film Interstellar.



    CITIZEN KANE

        Film Citizen Kane.  Sumber: ini

    Film Citizen Kane berada di posisi ketiga, juga mendapatkan 42 vote dari para sutradara dunia.  Film yang meraih satu piala Oscar ini dirilis tahun 1941, disutradarai oleh Orson Welles yang juga menulis naskahnya bersama Herman J. Mankiewics.

    Citizen Kane dibintangi oleh Joseph Cotten dan Dorothy Comingore, film ini bercerita tentang para wartawan yang berusaha mengungkap sebuah kalimat terakhir dari pengusaha percetakan sebelum akhirnya meninggal dunia. 


    8 ½

         Film 8 ½ .  Sumber: ini

    Film yang meraih 2 Oscar ini mendapat 40 vote dari para sutradara.  8 ½ dirilis pada tahun 1963 ini disutradarai oleh Federico Fellini yang juga menulis naskahnya bersama Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli, dan Brunello Rondi.

    Dibintangi oleh Marcello Mastroianni, film ini menceritakan tentang Guido Anselmi, seorang sutradara asal Italia yang tak produktif lagi dalam profesinya.


    TAXI DRIVER

         Film Taxi Driver.  Sumber: ini

    Taxi Driver yang dirilis tahun 1976 ini diarahkan oleh sutradara Martin Scorsese. Film yang meraih 4 nominasi Oscar ini mendapat 34 vote dari para sutradara dunia. 

    Dibintangi oleh Robert De Niro, Jodie Foster, dan Cybill Shepherd, film ini menceritakan tentang seorang veteran perang Vietnam yang menjadi supir taksi di malam hari kota New York. Ia yang mentalnya tak stabil merasakan sebuah gejolak ketika ingin menyelamatkan seorang pelacur usia dini. 


    APOCALYPSE NOW

        Film Apocalypse Now.  Sumber: ini

    Film arahan Francis Ford Coppola ini dirilis pada tahun 1979, berhasil meraih 33 vote dari para sutradara. Kali ini film berjudul Apocalypse Now yang dibintangi oleh Martin Sheen dan Marlon Brando.

    Film yang ber-setting pada masa perang Vietnam ini bercerita tentang Captain Benjamin L. yang menjalani misi rahasia untuk membunuh pemberontak yang dianggap gila yaitu Colonel Walter E. Kurtz.



    THE GODFATHER

          Film The Godfather . Sumber : ini

    Film yang meraih 3 piala Oscar ini mendapat 31 vote dari para sutradara dunia.  Film klasik yang jadi pujaan banyak pecinta film ini disutradarai oleh Francis Ford Coppola.  

    The Godfather menampilkan dua aktor handal, yakni Marlon Brando dan Al Pacino ini bercerita tentang kehidupan kelompok gangster di Amerika yang ingin berkuasa dan menebus balas dendam satu sama lain.



    VERTIGO

        Film Vertigo.  Sumber: ini

    Film yang masuk dalam 2 nominasi Oscar ini meraih 31 vote dari para sutradara.  Mahakarya dari Alfred Hitchcock ini dirilis pada tahun 1958 dengan penulis naskah Alec Coppel dan Samuel A. Taylor.  

    Vertigo yang dibintangi oleh James Stewart mengisahkan tentang pensiunan polisi detektif bernama Scottie yang mengidap acrophobia dan vertigo. Ia lalu dipekerjakan oleh kenalannya bernama Gavin Elster untuk mengintai sang istri yang bersikap aneh. 



    THE MIRROR


        Film The Mirror.  Sumber: ini

    The Mirror dirilis tahun 1975, judul asli nya adalah Zerkalo.  Film ini disutradarai oleh Andrei Tarkovsky yang juga menulis naskahnya bersama Aleksandr Misharin. 

    Dibintangi oleh Margarita Terekhova, The Mirror mengisahkan tentang seorang lelaki sekarat yang mengingat kembali masa kecil dan kenangan-kenangan hidupnya yang  menceritakan sejarah Rusia. Film ini mendapatkan 30 vote dari para sutradara.


    BICYCLE THIEVES



        Film Bicycle Thieves.  Sumber: ini

    Di posisi terakhir, ada Film rilisan tahun 1948 yang disutradarai oleh Vittorio De Sica yang juga menulis naskahnya bersama Cesare Zavattini, Oreste Bartolini, Suso Cecchi, Adolfo Franci, Gherardo Gherardi, dan Gerardo Guerrieri.  Ber-setting setelah Perang Dunia ke 2 di Italia, film ini mengisahkan tentang  seorang ayah dan anaknya dalam mencari sepeda mereka yang hilang dicuri.

    Bicycle Thieves yang dibintangi oleh Lamberto Maggiorani ini mendapatkan 29 vote dari semua sutradara yang memberikan voting


    Demikian Artikel Citra Property Land (CiproLan) berjudul 10 FILM TERBAIK SEPANJANG MASA MENURUT VOTING 358 SUTRADARA DUNIA.




    Sumber Tulisan :
    Cinemagsid



              Graduated publication of novels online, with user participation and even editing        

    Some authors have tried a new technique for staged publication of novels.

    The idea is to post one chapter (or a few chapters) and invited comments and even editing help from readers, before moving on to future chapters or even deciding the ending.  The idea reminds me of a style of dinner theater where the audience decides who committed the murder (like "Clue").

    The books of James Strauss seem to fit this model.  A recent project is “30 Days Has September”, based on his experiences as an Army officer during the Vietnam war.  (I, a draftee, was stateside at Fort Eustis and sheltered from combat at the time).

     The chapters seemed to be based on individual days in combat.  I do remember being told in Basic Combat Training that a typical infantry platoon went on patrol every third night.

    The comments appear, under the name of Chuck Barton, on a blog posting by Ramsay Taplin on his “Blogtyrant” site, a post titled “What will you sell if you give away your best blog content for free?”, here.


     
    The idea of gradual publication online to get an audience is interesting.  I think Stephen King has tried it.  But my own idea right now is to finish a complete draft, with all loose ends tied, of  "Angel’s Brother" myself (about 105,000 words) and put them through a copyeditor before it goes anywhere.  There is a draft now (all 27 chapters);  but I have a lot of polishing to do.  I guess I want to be the dictator of what happens to each character in this sci-fi, ongoing apocalypse setting.  I decide who is going to get it.


              Ð¥Ñ–Ñ‚! Дешеві квитки Qatar Airways до В’єтнаму: Київ — Ханой 11400₴, Хошимін 11400₴        
    Алоха, пірати. Лише у одного квиткового агента є хітова ціна на рейси Qatar Airways: переліт Київ — Ханой 11400₴ туди-назад. Ми дійшли до оплати, тому цілком можливо, що ціна реальна. Якщо комусь вдастся купити, повідомьте, будь ласка, у коментарях. Напрямки Київ — Ханой 11400₴ Київ — Хошимін 11400₴ Дати Вересень-березень, дати треба підбирати. Візи та стикування Для відвідин В’єтнаму громадянам України потрібна ...
              Comment on Bài Viết Của Phu Nhân Tướng Lê Văn HÆ°ng gá»­i Nguyễn Cao Kỳ Duyên by Christine        
    Tuong Le Van Hung la mot vi. tuong bat tu trong long nguoi dan VietNam yeu nuoc. Ngay Saigon that thu? con khong biet gi vi luc do' moit duoc 18 thang tuoi thoi. Moi lan doc ve cau chuyen ve vi. tuong loi lac anh hunh Le Van Hung la con khong ca^\m duoc nuo'c mat. Ong la mot nguoi anh hung trong long con. Con rat nguong mo vi. tuong' bat tu? nay. Tuong Hung ra di nhu huyen thoai ve ong se song mai mai trong long nhung ai yeu men ong. Su hy sinh cua ong qua' bat khuat kieu hung. Tuong Le Van Hung xu'ng da'ng la mot vi. tuong anh dung. Khi' phach hien ngang cua ong se mai mai duoc nho*' den nhu mot nguoi anh hung bat tu?. Nguoi dan Vietnam nen nho' on ca'c tuong' lanh vi. quoc vong than. Day la nhung anh hung kiet xuat ma may tram nam moi' co' mot nguoi. Xin phu nhan hay luon hanh dien vi ba may man co' duoc mot nguoi chong xuat chu'ng hon nguoi. Ngay 30/04/1975 la ngay tang thuong cho dat nuoc Vietnam, no' giet chet bao nhieu moi tinh con dang do?, giet chet bao nhieu the he Vietnam va giet luon cai' vi. tuong anh tai suot mot cuoc doi phung. su to^? quoc. Xin goi den vong linh tuong Hung va nhung anh hung hy sinh vi to quoc long biet on that thiet sau sac tan trong tim con.
              Comment on MaÌ£n Bàn Về Cõi Vô Hình Trong “Hành Trình Về PhÆ°Æ¡ng Đông” by BN        
    Tôi không bàn về trải nghiệm tư của tác giả tuy tôi tin là có cõi vô hình. Nhưng tôi muốn xác định là cuốn "Hành trình về phương Đông" là một cuốn sách hư cấu (fictional work). Nó không phải là bản dịch của sách của tác giả Baird Spalding mà là tác phẩm dựa vào cuốn "Life and teaching of the masters of the Far East". Hãy đọc: http://www.bairdtspalding.org/2009/09/hanh-trinh-ve-phuong-dong-a-vietnamese-prelude-to-spaldings-life-and-teachings/ Ngay cả cuốn "Life and teaching ..." của ông Spalding cũng là tác phẩm hư cấu. http://www.bairdtspalding.org/frequently-asked-questions-about-baird-t-spalding/
              Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017        
    Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017|Bilakah tarikh perlawanan bolasepak dalam Sukan SEA 2017? Adakah edisi kali ini skuad Malaysia B-22 akan menjuarai piala acara bolasepak Sukan SEA KL 2017 ? Nantikan perlawanan bolasepak Malaysia yang diundi dalam Kumpulan A bersama Myanmar, Singapura dan Brunei. Manakala dalam Kumpulan B terdiri daripada pasukan Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, Timor Leste dan Filipina. Dijadualkan skuad negara B-22 akan menentang Brunei dalam penampilan pertama pada 14 Ogos 2017 ini.


    Untuk makluman anda, jadual rasmi acara bolasepak lelaki bawah 22 tahun bagi temasya Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017 akan berlangsung mulai 14 hingga 29 Ogos ini. Acara bolasepak lelaki akan diadakan di Stadium Shah Alam, Stadium UiTM, Stadium Majlis Perbandaran Selayang dan Stadium UM Arena.

    Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017


    ISNIN 14 OGOS 2017

    (Kumpulan A)
    ● MYANMAR vs SINGAPURA
    ● MALAYSIA vs BRUNEI

    RABU 16 OGOS 2017

    Kumpulan A
    ● SINGAPURA vs MALAYSIA
    Stadium Shah Alam 8.45 malam
    ● MYANMAR vs LAOS
    Stadium UiTM Shah Alam 8.45 malam

    JUMAAT 18 OGOS 2017

    Kumpulan A
    ● LAOS vs SINGAPURA
    Stadium Majlis Perbandaran Selayang 4 petang
    ● BRUNEI vs MYANMAR
    Stadium UiTM Shah Alam 4 petang

    ISNIN 21 OGOS 2017

    Kumpulan A
    ● BRUNEI vs LAOS
    Stadium UM Arena, Kuala Lumpur 4.00 petang
    ● MALAYSIA vs MYANMAR
    Stadium Shah Alam 8.45 malam

    RABU 23 OGOS 2017

    Kumpulan A
    ● LAOS vs MALAYSIA
    Stadium Shah Alam 8.45 malam
    ● SINGAPURA vs BRUNEI
    Stadium Majlis Perbandaran Selayang 8.45 malam

    * Jadual ini hanya melibatkan pasukan Malaysia B-22.

    SABTU 26 OGOS 2017

    Separuh Akhir
    ● Juara Kumpulan A vs Naib Juara Kumpulan B
    ● Juara Kumpulan B vs Naib Juara Kumpulan A

    SELASA 29 OGOS 2017

    ● Penentuan Pingat Gangsa 4.30 petang
    Kalah Separuh Akhir 1 vs Kalah Separuh Akhir 2

    ● Final (Penentuan Pingat Emas & Perak) 8.45 malam
    Pemenang Separuh Akhir 1 vs Pemenang Separuh Akhir 2

    Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017
    Senarai pasukan dalam peringkat kumpulan 

    Mampukah skuad negara menggalas tugas yang dibimbing oleh Datuk Ong Kim Swee untuk menjulang piala edisi Sukan SEA kali ini?

    Jadual & Keputusan Bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017
    Wajah-wajah pemain Malaysia B22 Sukan SEA 2017

    Baca juga :Jadual Penuh Acara Sukan SEA 2017

    Ayuh beri sokongan skuad Malaysia Bawah 22 dalam temasya Sukan SEA 2017. Jangan ketinggalan tonton siaran langsung perlawanan bolasepak skuad negara di Media Prima dan Astro. Sila bookmark page ini untuk rujukan. Selamat maju jaya!
              Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017 Kuala Lumpur         
    Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017 |Bila Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017 ? Sukan SEA ke-29 akan berlangsung bermula 19 hingga 30 Ogos 2017, dimana Kuala Lumpur telah terpilih sebagai tuan rumah edisi kali ini. Jika sebelum ini Kuala Lumpur pernah menjadi tuan rumah pada tahun 2001, lagi sekali Malaysia memikul tanggungjawab sukan terbesar di rantau Asia Tenggara. Sebanyak 405 acara dari 38 sukan dipertandingkan di Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017 antaranya seperti olahraga, bolasepak, angkat berat, akuatik, badminton dan banyak lagi.

    Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017

    Untuk edisi kali ini, tuan rumah Malaysia memilih Harimau Malaya sebagai maskot Sukan SEA 2017 yang dikenali RIMAU. Manakala logo Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017 pula dicipta berasaskan Wau Bulan yang merupakan lambang kebanggaan Malaysia. Bagi peminat sukan tanah air, jangan ketinggalan menonton siaran langsung Sukan SEA 2017 di saluran Astro, RTM, Media Prima TV3 dan HyppTV.

    Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017
    Maskot RIMAU Sukan SEA 2017

    Jadual Acara Sukan SEA KL 2017


    Berikut dikongsikan adalah jadual pertandingan acara-acara sukan terkini yang dipertandingkan di Sukan SEA KL 2017 seperti ;

    ● Akuatik
    - Diving (26-30)
    - Swimming (21-26)
    - Synchronized Swimming (17-20)
    - Open Water (18)
    - Water Polo (15-20)
    ● Memanah (16-22)
    ● Olahraga (19-26)
    ● Tenpin Boling (20-25)
    ● Gimnastik
    - Artistic (20-23)
    - Rhythmic (26-28)
    ● Badminton (22-29)
    ● Tinju (20-24)
    ● Kriket (17-29)
    ● Ekuestrian
    ● Lawan Pedang (21-23)
    ● Golf (22-26)
    ● Hoki
    - Padang (21-29)
    - Dewan (21-26)
    ● Luncur Ais
    - Berbunga (26-27)
    - Berganti (29-30)
    ● Judo (26-27)
    ● Boling Padang (22-27)
    ● Petanque (21-28)
    ● Pelayaran (21-29)
    ● Menembak (21-26)
    ● Skuasy (21-19)
    ● Ping Pong (20-26)
    ● Billiard & Snooker (22-27)
    ● Tenis (21-26)
    ● Futsal (18-27)
    ● Bolasepak (14-29)
    ● Sepak Takraw (16-29)
    ● Berbasikal
    - BMX (26)
    - Lebuhraya (21-24)
    - Track (27-29)
    ●Triathlon (21)
    ● Bola Keranjang (20-26)
    ● Bola Tampar (14-20)
    ● Ragbi 7 Sebelah (19-20)
    ● Ski Ais & Waterboard (25-29)
    ● Angkat Berat (28-30)
    ● Pencak Silat (24-29)
    ● Muay (26-29)
    ● Taekwondo (26-29)
    ● Karate (22-24)
    ● Wushu (20-22)

    Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017

    * Kesemua acara sukan SEA Games KL 2017 berlangsung pada bulan Ogos.

    Negara Bertanding Sukan SEA 2017


    1. Malaysia (Tuan rumah)
    2. Indonesia
    3. Thailand
    4. Vietnam
    5. Kemboja
    6. Myanmar
    7. Timor Leste
    8. Filipina
    9. Laos
    10. Singapura
    11. Brunei

    Lokasi/ Venue Sukan SEA 2017


    Berikut adalah lokasi atau venue acara Sukan SEA 2017 berlangsung di Kuala Lumpur ;

    Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017

    Tiket Sukan SEA Kuala Lumpur 2017


    Untuk makluman anda, tiket Sukan SEA 2017 dijual pada harga sekitar RM10 ke RM20. Dikhabarkan acara renang, taekwondo, pencak silat dan bola jaring telah habis dijual. Jika anda ingin dapatkan tiket Sukan SEA KL 2017, boleh buat pembelian secara online di laman web www.kualalumpur2017.com.my.

    Bagi anda yang ingin membeli tiket ketika acara sukan berlangsung boleh dapatkan di kiosk tiket di venue pertandingan secara tunai, kad kredit dan kad debit.

    Jadual Pertandingan Acara Sukan SEA 2017
    Pingat Sukan SEA 2017

    Mampukah Malaysia menjuarai keseluruhan pingat emas dalam edisi Sukan SEA kali ini? Jom ayuh beri sokongan padu kepada atlet negara kita yang akan memperjuangkan dalam pentas sukan masing-masing mulai 19 Ogos ini. Bagi peminat bolasepak, boleh rujuk jadual perlawanan bolasepak Sukan SEA 2017 DISINI. Selamat maju jaya!
              Comment on Never Let Mango by Vietnam Day 0-1: Arrival and Refreshed - DanVSWorld        
    […] Shout out to Laura Holman who wanted me to share this smoothie recipe of hers. She made it specifically for a Super Smash Bros’ gaming community and knew I would never turn down fellow gamers or aspiring chefs. Check out her blog WarAndPeach […]
              The Apocalypse Now game moves from Kickstarter to its own dedicated fundraising site        
    Apocalypse Now’s videogame adaptation isn’t going to make it on Kickstarter, so the team behind it are seeking funding privately. The Kickstarter for the project, which promises a game “like Fallout: New Vegas on acid in Vietnam”, has brought in $172,599 as of writing. It’s aiming for $900,000, with nine days left to go. In […]
              The textual “truth” behind Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried        
    Tim O’Brien’s The Things They Carried is a ground-breaking meditation on war, memory, imagination, and the redemptive power of storytelling. The book depicts the men of Alpha Company: Jimmy Cross, Henry Dobbins, Rat Kiley, Mitchell Sanders, Norman Bowker, Kiowa, and the character Tim O’Brien, who survived his tour in Vietnam to become a father and writer. The […]

              Veterans Day conversation with photojournalist (and Marine) David Douglas Duncan        
    The Ransom Center holds the archive of American photojournalist and author David Douglas Duncan, including his images of World War II and the Korean and Vietnam wars. In honor of Veterans Day, Ransom Center Research Curator of Photography Roy Flukinger asked Duncan about photography, being a Marine, his experiences as a combat photographer, and his […]

              Obama Fights Back        
    The newest fight on the political front is "the great smear," as I will call it. It started when McCain started to question Obama's relationship with Bill Ayers, who was one of the leaders of The Weathermen, a group of anti-Vietnam activist/terrorists. Of course, McCain latched on to Obama's relationship with Ayers and put out this smear ad (notice that, at no time during the ad, are there any quotes from Obama where Obama is speaking. It is narrated and they provide no visual or audio evidence of Obama's relationship or his opinion of Ayers):


    McCain, of course, bolstered his ad with an appearance on ABC. Notice especially that at the end of his lengthy questioning of Obama's relationship with Ayers that he gets all upitty: "and then to compare [Ayers] with Dr. C- Tom Colburn who spends so much of his life bringing babies into this world!.."


    Why should you have paid attention to McCain's anger at Obama's "comparison" of Ayers to Coburn? Because here is what McCain is referring to. Decide for yourself whether Obama's actions were reprehensible.


    At the end of Obama's Primary debate with Clinton, he says that he "can take a punch, [he's] taken some pretty good ones." And thank God Obama's finally punching back (and with quite a bit more power than McCain's smear ad, it looks like!)


    More information on the Keating scandal can be found on Wikipedia and in the New York Times.
              KONG: LA ISLA CALAVERA        



    Película: Kong: La Isla Calavera. Título original: Kong: Skull Island. Dirección: Jordan Vogt-Roberts. País: USAAño: 2017. Género: Acciónaventurasfantástico. Reparto: Tom Hiddleston, Brie Larson, Samuel L. Jackson, Toby Kebbell, John Goodman, Tian Jing, Corey Hawkins, Jason Mitchell, John Ortiz, Shea Whigham. Guion: Max Borenstein. Producción: Thomas Tull. Estreno en España: Marzo 2017.


    Kong: La Isla Calavera reimagina el origen del mítico Kong en una aventura original del director Jordan Vogt-Roberts. En la película, un diverso equipo de exploradores es reunido para aventurarse en el interior de una isla del Pacífico —tan bella como traicionera— que no aparece en los mapas, sin saber que están invadiendo los dominios del mítico Kong.


    Al igual que los inconformistas y contradictorios niños de 'The kings of summer' que se adentraban en el bosque para construir su propia personalidad sobre los cimientos de la aventura como única manera de crecer, Jordan Vogt-Roberts, su director, se ha ido a la Isla Calavera para levantar la que seguramente sea la cabaña más cara, más cinéfila y más aventurera del Hollywood de los últimos años. No es algo nuevo como opción para aproximarse a King Kong: la versión de Peter Jackson no era más que la materialización de un sueño infantil, el del autor neozelandés con respecto a la mitología que el inmortal film de 1933 firmado por Ernest Schoedsack y Merian C. Cooper despertó en él. Los materiales con los cuales Vogt-Roberts edifica ese refugio de imaginación son de primera y heterogénea categoría: desde una relectura muy inteligente de 'La isla del tesoro' (el personaje de John C. Reilly como trasunto del Ben Gunn de la novela de Stevenson), 'La isla misteriosa' de Julio Verne, 'El mundo perdido' de Conan Doyle y 'La tierra olvidada por el tiempo' de E. R. Burroughs a los viajes al corazón de la tiniebla conradianos (y los guiños a 'Apocalypse Now' son evidentes).
    Consciente de que el espectador amante de estas aventuras, de este universo deliberadamente pulp, es un niño atemporal, 'Kong: La Isla Calavera' recurre con inteligencia a ese periodo tornado hoy el Shangri-La de la nostalgia: los años 80. Sí, es verdad que su ambientación y acción acontecen en 1973, días después del fin de la guerra de Vietnam y a tres años de que el barco de prospección petrolífera del 'King Kong' de John Guillermin atravesara las brumas de la isla del gorila gigante. Sin embargo, esa influencia bélica (y rocanrolera) es más de los años 80, de las películas de la Cannon (o de los Rambos de la Carolco) que querían ganar aquella guerra perdida desde el cine, un poco como el reflejo (sumamente estimulante) del militar que encarna Samuel L. Jackson aquí. Y más ochentero es el espíritu de survival fantastique que no oculta su deuda y cariño hacia el 'Depredador' de John McTiernan. Con todo, lo más maravilloso de esta extraordinaria película no es únicamente la mano de un director con una inventiva visual (el ataque a los helicópteros al llegar a la isla) apabullante y su sentido de la aventura, del cine de aventuras, sino cómo es capaz de capturar la magia de la imágenes del 'King Kong' de 1933 (Kong surgiendo de entre la niebla, los planos desde lo alto de las montañas) y la poesía (sí, poesía) de la versión de 1976 (las miradas de dignidad y comprensión del rey Kong) para reelaborarlas con estilo propio y maestría.(FOTOGRAMAS).


    La mejor película de King Kong desde la original. Un personaje que desde que se estrenó en cines en 
    1933 se ha convertido en un icono para el cine, un icono con dos remakes, el último de ellos, el dirigido por Peter Jackson. Es muy difícil revisitar ese personaje sin repetir esquemas previos, y eso es algo que la película de Jordan Vogt-Roberts consigue plenamente. Un viaje a la Isla Calavera en el que no veremos Nueva York, ni una revisión de La Bella y la Bestia, sino un despliegue de cine de aventuras, acción y grandes efectos visuales que por un lado homenajea con brillantez a King Kong y por otro al cine bélico de los 70, con Apocalipsis Now a la cabeza.
    No, no estoy comparando Kong con la obra maestra de Coppola, ni mucho menos. Ni en temas, ni en profundidad… Nada tiene que ver. Pero esta película sí ofrece diversos homenajes visuales a aquella y a la guerra de Vietnam en el cine en general. Al cine de los 70 en particular, para ofrecer un espectáculo visual de primer orden, puro entretenimiento que además guarda un par de gratas sorpresas. Desde el diseño de la isla, el propio Kong, los parajes o las criaturas que la habitan (alejándose de los típicos dinosaurios para darnos una nueva serie de monstruos… como esa terrorífica araña gigante), pasando por la propia acción de la película, el tono de la misma, más centrado en Kong casi que en los humanos......(ACCIÓN DE CINE).

    ......Irreprochable en lo tecnológico, con ritmo desigual pese a que las escenas de acción son abundantes (y muy bien resueltas) y no dan tregua al espectador y con algunos golpes de humor que no terminan de encajar con demasiada armonía dentro del conjunto, la película retiene poco del espíritu de los anteriores Kongs cinematográficos para dejarse llevar por un espíritu lúdico y autorreferencial. En otras palabras, Kong: La isla calavera es a King Kong (1933) lo que Jurassic World (Colin Trevorrow, 2015) fue a Parque Jurásico (Steven Spielberg, 1993): una grandilocuente banalización de sus aciertos, diseñada al milímetro para cautivar a las nuevas audiencias, pero sin auténtica magia ni facultad para sorprender alguna. Esto, lejos de ser tomado como algo negativo, debería avisar a quienes esperen encontrar en esta cinta algo que no sea dos horas de puro entretenimiento cargado de testosterona. Los constantes guiños a Apocalypse Now se extienden también al aspecto visual –el brutal pasaje del derribo de Kong a los helicópteros, en el que parece que en cualquier momento van a resonar los acordes de Wagner y su Cabalgata de las valkirias; la incendiaria imagen de Samuel L. Jackson dejándose llevar por los efectos destructivos del napalm–, algo que otorga a la obra una atractiva personalidad (prestada) que se ve potenciada con una excelente labor de Larry Fong en la fotografía, su conseguida estética setentera (esas imágenes documentales intercaladas) y el uso de clásicos del rock de la época en su banda sonora. Por todo ello, si no nos dejamos llevar por falsas expectativas de trascendencia –alimentadas, tal vez, por el hecho de tener detrás de las cámaras a alguien como Jordan Vogt-Roberts, realizador de una pequeña perla indie como fue The Kings of Summer (2013)– que nunca se cumplen, la película se disfruta con facilidad y es cumplidora como monster movie con alma de serie B –durante su visionado asoman a nuestro recuerdo aquellas entrañables producciones de Kevin Connor adaptando, a su aire, a Edgar Rice Burroughs– y presupuesto de serie A. El alcance de su calado en el espectador será, en este caso, directamente proporcional a los prejuicios con los que este se acerque a ella.(EL ANTEPENULTIMOMOHICANO).
              Lokasi Baru Asam Laksa Terbaik Penang Ditemui Laksalicious        
    Salam sejahtera kepada semua pembaca setia blog makan Mahamahu dan juga rakan-rakan sekalian. Bercakap tentang Asam Laksa dan Pulau Pinang memang tak boleh dipisahkan. Kalau ke Penang ada satu kedai laksa yang terbaik korang kena cuba. Maha hari tu dah pergi makan Asam Laksa nya memang tak rugi. 


    Nama kedai tu Laksalicious tempat ini mempunyai suasana yang selesa dan kedai masih baru. Ia terletak di celah-celah deretan kedai-kedai klasik yang mempunyai tinggalah sejarah sendiri. Kalau nak cari pergi ker Jalan Hutton di tengah-tengah bandar Penang.


    Antara menu Laksa yang ada kat sini korang boleh pilih daripada Penang Nyonya Asam Laksa, Penang Nyonya Lemak Laksa dan juga campuran kedua-dua kuah ni pun korang boleh cuba menarik. Dalamnya juga dihiaskan dengan sayur segar seperti pudina, salad, timun, bawang dan juga nanas. 

    Penang Nyonya Lemak Laksa

    Penang Nyonya Asam Laksa

    Harga sangat berpatutan ini mengikut saiz mangkuk siap ada keropok udang lagi dan tu memberi rasa rangup dalam kesedapan laksa tersebut. Kat sini mee laksanya pun korang boleh pilih ada dua pilihan iaitu mee beras atau mee putih. Kedua-dua mee ini memberi rasa yang lain kepada korang kalau cuba. Maha suka mee beras sebab ia lebih pejal dan tebal.

    Mixed Laksa

    Prawn Cracker

    Selain daripada laksa korang boleh pilih juga makanan pencuci mulut yang lain seperti yang Maha makan ni Crispy Cempedak Roll. Pelik kan selalu kita makan popiah inti sayur jer kali ini intinya adalah Cempedak. Rangup dan juga manis di dalamnya tak caya kena cuba ok.

    Crispy Cempedak Roll

    Pulak tu makan sambil dibilas dengan air Cendol pulak tu terbaik lah. Kepada pecinta kopi korang kena cuba Vietnamese Drip Coffee ini yang sangat original dan pekat. Susah nak dapat kopi ni kat sini.

    Cendol

    Vietnamese Drip Coffee

    So tunggu apa lagi kalau korang datang bercuti atau atas urusan kerja kat Penang kedai Laksalicious ini korang boleh cuba untuk cari kelainan. Tak adalah bosan selalalu makan Nasi Kandar jer betul tak. Selamat mencuba semua ok.


    Ranking Mahamahu :-
    Kebersihan : 3.5/5
    Kesedapan : 4/5
    Harga : 3.5/5






              Putin-setä asuu Venäjällä        
    Putin-setä asuu Venäjällä.
    Sieltä on niin lyhyt matka helvettiin,
    Kohta Putin-setä
    on samassa paikassa kuin setä Lenin
    ja setä Ho Chi Minh.
    Putunilla on niin suuri otsa,
    siihen mahtuu Krim, Ukraina,
    tiikerit ja kurjetkin.
    Putin-setä ei hymyile,
    kun on jo käyttänyt liikaa
    rahaa botoksiin.
    Putin-setä asuu Venäjällä,
    ja sitä ei kutsuta kylään
    edes Vietnamiin.
    Hän rakastaa kaikkia,
    ja häntä rakastaa
    vain setä Chavez
    ja setä Ho Shi Mihn.


              My 10 Favorite Things About Living and Teaching in Korea        
    I'm two days away from leaving Korea. In two years of living here, I have developed deeply ambivalent feelings about both my experience here and the society itself. A couple days ago, I was re-reading The Prophet, and I was surprised to find a section that echoed my feelings about leaving Korea:

    The hero has been in a strange land for twelve years and upon seeing the ship that will return him to his homeland...

    "the gates of his heart were flung open, and his joy flew far over the sea. And he closed his eyes and prayed in the silences of his soul.

    But as he descended the hill, a sadness came upon him, and he thought in his heart: How shall I go in peace and without sorrow? Nay, not without a wound in the spirit shall I leave this city.

    Long were the days of pain I have spent within its walls, and long were the nights of aloneness; and who can depart from his pain and his aloneness without regret?

    Too many fragments of the spirit have I scatterd in these streets, and too many are the children of my longing that walk naked among these hills, and I cannot withdraw from them without a bruden and an ache.

    It is not a garment I cast off this day, but a skin that I tear with my own hands.

    Nor is it a thought I leave behind me, but a heart made sweet with hunger and with thirst.

    Yet I cannot tarry longer.

    The sea that calls all things unto her calls me, and I must embark.

    For to stay, though the hours burn in the night, is to freeze and crystallize and be bound in a mould."

    A bit dramatic perhaps, but it really nails how I'm feeling. But, moving along... last week I posted my 10 least favorite things about living and teaching here, and here are my 10 favorite things about living and teaching here, plus a few runners-up.

    Runners-up

    Ice cream bars -- This didn't make the top ten because it has been absolutely disastrous for my fitness. At every convenience store, and they're everywhere, there is a freezer full of delicious ice cream on a stick in every flavor you could imagine and more (one of my favorites is a chocolate bar on a stick, surrounded with "nano-silver vanilla", coated with chocolate and peanuts, another is melon, another still is watermelon flavored and shaped ice cream with hazelnut seeds). A full price bar is 700 won ($.55), and most places sell them at half price. I don't know how that can be profitable (and I probably don't want to), but it sure does make for a delicious, fattening summer.

    Elders' robustness -- Before the monsoon came with its endless days of rain, I was playing tennis every morning with a 64 year old man that was in nearly as good of shape as I am. I never saw him eat an ice cream bar. On my way to school, I routinely see 80-something year old men and women hunched over working in the fields, digging up potatoes or planting chili pepper plants. I've never seen them eating ice cream bars either.

    Lack of zoning -- Where I come from, an area is either commercial or residential, so people end up driving a lot. Here, everything is mixed together, so people walk. On one level, it's nice to have a convenience store (with ice cream bars) in the same building as my apartment. On another level, it gets people out in the streets and creates a mixing of people and a sense of community involvement that I think we could use more of at home.

    Free time -- I am ambivalent about this. Every single day here, I've had hours of free time. I play guitar, watch TV, read, watch movies, cook, paint, play online games, meditate, etc. I have learned a lot from the reading I've done, I'm a better guitarist and singer and cook, and I'm a champion of Settlers of Catan (my online game of choice), but I'm also bored a lot and frequently feel like I'm wasting my life away. It is that feeling that compelled me to take the plunge into grad school at the end of my contract here.

    Now, to the top ten....

    10. Gardens everywhere --
    This province, Gangwon-do, is notorious in Korea for being difficult to grow food. The people respond by growing food absolutely everywhere. Any land that is less than a 15% incline and is not paved over is growing food, without exception. That's true whether it's someone's front yard, a triangle of dirt between a bridge and road, or way up in the valleys that surround the towns. They're not farms, much more like what we think of as gardens. They grow chili peppers, corn, soy beans, onions, garlic, potatoes, greens, grapes and on the occasional flat section of land, rice. This is this old couple's yard. It's worth noting that it's September and they're planting, probably the third crop of the year. I'm certain they would think we are insane for the money, effort, fertilizer and pesticides we put into grass.

    9. Jjimjilbang -- These are combination health club, sauna and recreation center. Admission is about $5 and for that you soak in hot tubs infused with jade or eucalyptus or whatever, sweat in the saunas and steam rooms, and get a sports massage or a scrub down from an old Korean man wearing nothing more than briefs. There are restaurants, but for reasons that escape me Koreans seem to prefer to pig out on hard boiled eggs at these places. There are barbers and televisions and computers and massage chairs and cold and hot rooms and salt rooms and charcoal rooms and oxygen rooms. A great place to hang out and warm up in the winter or sweat out in the summer.

    8. Outdoorsiness -- Koreans love the outdoors, whether eating squid jerky and drinking rice wine behind an apartment building, or hiking through valleys (which they have done an excellent job of protecting by concentrating in the cities the population of 50 million people in a country the size of Indiana). I love the tendency toward the outdoors, especially in summer, when restaurants pull out their plastic tables and the dining room floors spill out into the streets. The images of dozens of Koreans eating, drinking and laughing in a courtyard on a warm summer night will stay with me for a long time.

    7. The sweet kids --
    Not all of them were, but the ones that were sweet were the cutest, kindest, funnest kids I've ever known.















    6. The restaurants & the food -- A lot of foreigners here complain about the cuisine, and while I admit the flavors can get a bit monotonous (sesame oil, soy sauce, garlic and chilies), I love the food, even though much of it is off limits to me as a vegetarian. Restaurants typically specialize in just a few dishes, are usually owned and run by an old lady who might work with one other old lady to prepare the food, serve the food, clean the place and everything. My favorite restaurant in town is a place where a 4' 6" 60 year old lady serves grilled fish lettuce wraps (I'm a quasi-vegetarian here) and seems to rotate through being amused, confused, appreciative and fed-up with the foreigners that frequent her place. The prices, and there's no tax or tipping, so what you see on the menu on the wall is what you actually pay, for a typically quick meal might be $3, and unless it's a very special dish (or foreign food or drink), meals rarely exceed $10 per person.

    Every meal comes with bancheon, side dishes, that always include kimchi and usually other fermented vegetables. In a cheap place, you might just get three little kimchis, in a nicer place, it's not uncommon to get over ten bancheon, and they might include fried fish or raw octopus or other treats that can be even better than the central meal itself. In most cases, everything is shared with everyone at the table. In fact, when eating with Koreans, even glasses are shared -- it's a neat little social device... if you see that someone is bored or if you want to chat with someone that you're not sitting near, you take them your empty glass and a bottle of soju (chemically fermented rice wine) and pour them a shot, and in that manner, over a meal that might last a few hours, people move around (everyone sits on the floor) and everyone talks with everyone, everyone shares germs and everyone gets drunk.

    5. Community focus -- This is the highest ranking item that is really about Korean society, as the next four each have to do with my position here. On the whole, I'm not a big fan of Confucianism, at least as it operates in modern Korea. However, the focus on social harmony is really nice, and something that I think we North Americans could learn a lot from. Where I is the dominant pronoun in the US, we is here. Studies have shown that the different mindsets actually affect visual perception, such that Asians are more inclined to view ambiguous situations from a removed, more holistic perspective, whereas Westerners are more inclined to view the same situation from inside it, from a first person perspective. Unfortunately, because of the xenophobia here, foreigners are not always considered part of the community in the same way Koreans are, which I think makes being a foreigner here harder than it would be in a more individualistic society like the US. But, while I'm sure my Korean friends still think I'm terribly obstuse and inconsiderate, this mindset has implanted itself in my head, and I'm glad for it. I hope it stays with me through the years.

    4. Income:expenses ratio -- The salary foreigners earn teaching in Korea isn't anything special, except that foreign teachers' apartments are paid for by employers, as are airfare here and home and immigration costs. Food is cheap, entertainment (at least out here in the boonies) is scarce, and buying stuff doesn't usually make sense when you know you have to fit everything you own into two suitcases at the end of the year. Health care is nationalized and very inexpensive and the tax structure is very progressive so even those who aren't exempt pay less than 4% income tax. I have been saving almost 80% of my salary, and on top of that I'll receive about two months' bonus pay at the end of my contract. No one has gotten rich doing it, but especially for folks right out of college or when the job market at home is what it is right now, it can be a very solid financial move.

    3. Vacation time & neighboring destinations -- While I've been here, I've spent time in China, Vietnam, Laos, Japan, Thailand, and Thailand again. Spending almost the entire month of February in Thailand is about as good as it gets. And it was a relatively quick flight on a lovely Asian airline to get there.

    2. Novelty in everything -- Living here is a bit like being a child. You never really know what's going on, you don't have responsibilities the same way you would at home, you're easily surprised, and routine events are novel and exciting. It's incredibly frustrating, but also really enjoyable.

    1. Anonymity & outsiderness -- There is something comforting about knowing that no one knows you, and that no one can. If people are going to stare at me as I walk down the street, I might as well wear shorts and flip-flops and sing as I walk. If my students are going to think I'm a weird foreigner anyway, it's much easier to engage them with silly foolishness that I might hold back at home. At home, as soon as you see someone, you thin-slice their age, sex, body language, clothing, and a thousand other things and make a judgement about who they are and how they relate to you in society. In a culture as foreign as this, that's impossible. Advertising doesn't affect you, because it is designed to take advantage of the human mind's inability to stop thin slicing. And not understanding what that 16 year old girl on the bus won't stop talking about can be really nice.

    I couldn't have named this at the time, but this is what brought me back to Korea for a second year. When you remove a person from their native culture, you force them to examine themselves in way that is otherwise impossible. We define ourselves by our relations: to our jobs, our achievements, our friends and family, our hobbies, and the culture we consume (and, less often it seems, create). Take away all those things and one has to look internally for a sense of identity. That transformation started for me in my first year here, but it didn't have time to run to completion. When I got home, I didn't identify in society as I had previously, but I was still looking to things like my friends and my job to define my position in society, my social identity, especially since it had been upended since I had left. I ended up feeling lost and floundering around for quite a while before returning to Korea. I don't know if that transition ever really reaches completion, but I know that I am going home with a much stronger internal compass than I had before I came to Korea, in addition to a much broader perspective on culture, politics and the world.

              Teaching in Korea FAQ        
    In my ongoing efforts to help people decide if teaching English in Korea is right for them, I thought I would post my responses to some questions I got from a friend of a friend who is thinking about making the move to Korea. I hope this helps. If there are any questions you think should be added to the list, let me know.


    1. How did you apply for the position?

    Through a recruiter. It is possible to apply to public school jobs directly, but there isn't any advantage to doing it that way, and it's more difficult and you have one less person in your corner should any issues come up. You could also come here to look for work... I think that makes the most sense for those with experience who are trying to land a highly competitive position, such as a university gig. One of the greatest benefits to starting in Korea is that everything is taken care of for you.... the recruiter will find you positions (for free, they're paid by the school), help you get everything in order for your visa and such, and then you'll be set up with a ticket (or airfare) and when you get here you'll have an apartment waiting for you. I can't imagine landing in Taiwan or Vietnam and trying to find a place to live at the same time as all the other new-arrival stuff.

    2. Are you TESL/TEFLO certified?

    No, and there's no need to be in Korea. For those who think Korea is a good fit, I would suggest starting here without it, and if after a year or two hear, you decide you want to stick with TEFL and possibly move somewhere where the certification is more important (particularly in the Middle East and a few particular Asian countries), then look into that.

    3. How long did it take you from the begginning of your application process till ending up in Korea?

    I started in May-ish, knowing that I wanted to come at the begining of the semester Sept. 1. One guy in my town did the whole thing in a couple weeks, but that's definitely on the fast end. The new school year just started last week.... there are always positions available, in public and private schools, but the big hiring pushes are for 3/1 and 9/1... I'd suggest starting several months before you want to come.


    4. Is it easy to transfer teachig positions throughout Korea/Asia/World

    I'm not sure what you mean by transfer. Korea runs almost 100% on 1-year contracts. One downside to Korea is that visas are non-transferable, so if you don't finish your contract, you have to get a release from your employer and go through the whole visa process again with your new employer. My understanding is that in Japan, for example, the visa is transferable. If you mean at the end of the contract, it's certainly easy to transfer within Korea... a year of experience here is a big plus because employers know you know what you're in for and that you can handle it. I imagine that's true with employers in other countries too. Two years experience and/or TEFL seems to be a commonly listed necessary experience for some of the more desireable jobs I've seen.

    5. How hard is it to adapt socially (i.e. nightlife, dating,)

    This is a huge question, and there are a lot of variables, most importantly you. I would suggest reading blogs of English teachers here... that's a nice window. Mine is at viewfromgangwon.blogspot.com... I'll probably refer you to a couple specific posts at some point.

    In sum, Korea is not an easy place to adapt to. It is probably one of the lesser foreigner-friendly places on the planet. I have friends that have married into Korean families and are happy and plan to spend the rest of their lives here. But I know a lot more people that have come, foudn it very difficult, and are anxious to get out at the end of their contract. I think much of that is culture shock... the experience of living and working in a foreign culture after the novelty has worn off, and I do hear similar complaints from teachers in Japan and Thailand, but I'm not sure they are as ubiquitous or as strong as they are here.

    If nightlife and dating are real concerns for you, I would suggest Seoul, or possibly Busan. Seoul is one of the biggest cities in the world, and you can find just about anything there, though I have never heard it refered to as cosmopolitan. Busan is a city of something like 3 million... I lived there for a year and quite liked it... it's on the beach and has a more moderate climate and a less hectic feel than Seoul, but also many many less foreigners and services for foreigners. Now I'm in a tiny town on the east coast, far from everything and very isolated. I took the job largely for the 5 week vacation, but it makes the other 47 weeks pretty tough, and I'm someone who likes a lot of time to himself for reading, guitar, exercise, etc.. Again, search for blogs of folks teaching in Seoul, Busan and other random places... the differences will be obvious.

    6. What happens if i get sick/injured?

    Korea has wonderful socialized medicine. About 50,000 won (~$30) of your monthly paycheck gets you medical care at prices you won't believe ($2 for a dentist visit, $.85 for a perscription fill, $300 for a crown treatment). Many doctors are trained at US medical schools. The bigger the city, the better in terms of quality of care and availability of ENglish speakers.

    7. Have you been able to save money fairly easy?

    Yes. This is the other advantage to living in the sticks... there's nothing to spend money on! Unfortunately, over the last six months, the exchange rate has moved massively against those of us saving won to convert to dollars (~40%). It hasn't affected prices here much, but it sucks when you transfer money home. Still, I will bank 5-figures this year, and that's with a 3-week trip to Thailand, buying the nicest food I can find and taking regular trips around the country. I don't, however, drink or smoke or eat meat, so I save money on all of those. The maxim is that you should be able to save half of your salary without trying. I save around 70%. When thinking about savings, don't forget that at the end of your contract you effectively get 2 months extra pay - one called severence and one from a pension.

    8. How much stuff did you bring to Korea?

    I brought the two largest suitcases I could get my hands on, and packed things like Clif bars, books, and a tennis racket. My parents send me a package every few months with my favorite foods and toiletries, which helps a lot.

    9. have you picked up much of the language since your inception?

    No, and most people don't, but that's stupid. Korean is one of the hardest languages for an English speaker to learn, but it can be done. Especially in Seoul, if you really wanted to commit to it, there are hagwons (a hagwon is like a tutoring center, they offer after school classes to students, especially in English, and employ most of the foreigners here) that teach Korean to foreigners.... If there were one here, I would do it. I have enough of the language to get around, but embarrassingly little for having lived 18 months here. I bought some books before coming and while here, but just haven't dug into it. I've heard people talk about acquiring languages like Hindi and Italian in less than a year because they loved the culture and always wanted to be immersed in it. I think the converse explains why most of us don't make much of an effort at Korean.



    So there are some thoughts. Here are a few blog entries that might be valuable to consider:

    several videos, if you want to get an idea of what life looks like in Korea.

    differences between hagwon and public school teaching

    general thoughts about being and teaching here. be sure to check out the comments section, as there are lots of valuable insights from readers there.


    I hope all that helps. If it brings up any more questions, feel free to ask. If you decide you want to come, my recruiter was great before we got here, and in helping us when we needed to move. I'd be happy to set you up with them (I get a little kick-back if you end up signing on.)
              Curiosità: l'esordio della Kidman        

    Aveva solo sedici anni, i capelli rossi e riccioluti come quando interpretò "Cuori ribelli", e la stessa, frizzante, spigliatezza. Era Nicole Kiman nel 1983, in una delle prime interviste rilasciate per il film "BMX Bandits", commedia su una banda di ciclisti che vengono coinvolti in una rapina in banca. Il contesto sembra quello di una fiera di paese ma la grinta di Nicole è la stessa di oggi.

     

    Prima di diventare la star che è oggi, la Kidman era una semplice ragazzina, nata e cresciuta in Australia e sempre a caccia di ruoli in produzione televisive. Due le prove degne di nota, al tempo degli esordi: quella di una Nicole in fase pre-adolescenziale in "Vietnam" e quella in "BMX Bandits", su cui la Kidman allora sedicenne rilasciò un'intervista (riportata nel video a destra).

    "Ed ecco a voi" annuncia un improbabile presentatore, davanti a qualche decina di fan, "una giovane promessa: Nicole Kidman, protagonista del film BMX Bandits". Entra Nicole, che allora aveva recitato in qualche serie tv (la parte più nota era quella di Helen nella serie Bush Christmas). Paffutella, se paragonata al grissino che è oggi, sorridente e spigliata, la futura attrice comincia a raccontare la trama della commedia: "BMX Bandidts è la storia di una bamda di ragazzi e delle loro amica che si trovano coinvolti, tramite intercettazioni con il walkie-talkie in una rapina...". Poi aggiunge. "Sto studiando per diventare attrice". Raccoglie gli applausi del pubblico e sorride ancora. Conquistandolo.

    Nel 1990, sette anni dopo arrivò il film Giorni di tuono, nel 1992 Far and Away (tradotto in italiano come Cuori ribelli) sul set del quale si innamorò del marito Tom Cruise. Poi le nozze, il divorzio e il successo che tutti conosciamo.


              Vietnamese American Photographer An-My Le Selected For Whitney Biennial        
    Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST: During the Vietnam War, An-My Le lived with her family in Saigon in the southern part of the country. It was April 1975, the tense days before the city fell to the North Vietnamese, and there was a knock on the door. AN-MY LE: It was a, I would say, huge American man in a Hawaiian shirt. And I still remember the Hawaiian shirt. And he said, you know, I'm from the embassy, and we're coming to pick you up to evacuate you. I'm coming back at 2 o'clock. And you need to be here, and do not have a suitcase, nothing more than just a little handbag. SIEGEL: Along with thousands of others, the teenage An-My Le and her family were evacuated. LE: The American military saved my life. The U.S. saved my life. You know, I was airlifted in an American C-130. SIEGEL: Today Le is a photographer. She's also 1 of 63 artists selected for this year's Whitney Biennial in New York. The exhibition brings together new work by all kinds of different
              Divers d'hiver...        

    Un lecteur m'a récemment demandé si j'hibernais.

    Je crois bien que oui.

    Crois bien - lecteur frustré de ne pas avoir quelque article truculent à te mettre sous la dent, histoire d'oublier ta morne vie - que ce n'est pas l'envie d'écrire qui manque. Surtout que Luc, Nadine, Kévvin, Mendy, ou Whitney alimentent sévèrement mes conversations et mes pensées, et m'offrent des jeux de mots foireux et des diatribes saignantes sur un plateau d'argent.

    Autant te dire que tu passes à côté d'une sacré litanie de blagounettes qui t'auraient laissé quelques traces dans ton calbute.

    Bref, je manque de temps pour verbaliser à l'écrit mes élucubrations quotidiennes.

    Qu'est-ce qui t'empêche de poster des articles, feignasse ?!

    1. Ma conscience professionnelle

    (les deux qui se marrent au fond peuvent sortir)

    Nan mais c'est vrai en plus.
    Je bosse grave. Je ne déconnecte pas. Je rêve de fiches d'activités, de compétences, d'évaluations sommatives et d'atelier de remédiation. Je rêve de ma séquence sur la guerre du Vietnam ou sur Rosa Parks. Je rêve de diaporama Powerpoint qui rendent les verbes irréguliers plus fun (douce illusion destinée à faire oublier aux élèves le pensum que cela représente). Je pense à Manon dont les parents me semblent bien "stricts" (euphémisme pour dire je crois qu'elle reçoit des claques comme Zahia reçoit des coups de bite), je pense à Steeven dont les parents me semblent bien "laxistes" (euphémisme pour dire que je crois que le laisser se prendre des cuites à la vodka tous les deux jours n'est pas une méthode d'éducation qui se défend), je pense à Lola et Maxence qui ont peur d'aller en récré car il y a des "gros malins" (euphémisme pour dire sombres abrutis de leur race) qui leur balancent des boules de neige à la gueule, et même que ça fait pas rigoler, surtout quand on le visage tout bleu à force de traîner dans la poudreuse. Poudreuse devenue de la glace. Autant vous dire que j'ai prévenu les élèves que si jamais je me recevais ne serait-ce qu'un flocon dans la gueule, les sanctions prises incluraient des larmes, du sang et des clips de Dadyday)

    Je ne suis pas chienne, je te raconte quand même des anecdotes aussi croustillantes que les croûtes de genou de Claude Sarraute :

    => Je déambulais dans les rayons de Shopi lorsque j'ai entendu des gloussements qui n'étaient pas sans rappeler un animal pré-pubère plus communément appelé "élève de 5ème". Ludivine. Ludigouine. Luditruie. (les enfants profs sont cruels). Ludivine est à la grâce ce que Brice Hortefeux est à l'humanitaire. Ludivine collectionne les cochons sous toutes leurs formes (d'où le surnom "Luditruie" donné par mon collègue Vincent, qui n'est pas le dernier pour la puterie). Ludivine est ce qu'on peut appeler une chieuse-paresseuse-insolente aussi collante qu'un mec qui t'envoie 40 sms par semaine pour savoir si tu es dispo pour un "p'tit café" dans sa culotte.
    Ludivine est accompagnée de sa maman qui porte le groin à ravir.
    Rencontrage d'apprenants et de géniteurs au supermarché = sourire n° 12 et hochement de tête n°5 qui signifient "Bonjour, ne me faites pas chier s'il vous plaît".
    Pierre Bénichou sur les oreilles et un sac recyclable dans la main, je me saisis d'un paquet de Always Maxi-nuit avec protège-côtés sous le regard goguenard de Luditruie.
    Luditruie : "Coucou Madame, alors vous prenez des Always ?!"
    Princesse Soso : "Coucou Luditruievine, eh ouais, comme tu le vois, je n'utilise pas du sopalin pour absorber mon sang abrutie"
    Luditruie : "Vous avez vos trucs, alors. Vos p'tits problèmes..." + SOURIRE COMPLICE genre on est copines de menstruations tavu.
    Princesse Soso : "Ouais, j'ai mes règles. RÈGLES. C'est pas un mot dégueulasse hein, inutile de trouver des périphrases pour désigner un truc naturel diabolisé par la religion. Et quand t'auras 17 ans et que t'auras oublié ta pilule après avoir baisé avec Djonathane à l'arrière de sa Lada tunée, tu seras bien contente d'avoir tes P'TITS PROBLÈMES, symbole de ton gros coup de chatte à Mireille, aka je ne suis en cloque, youpi"

    De retour chez moi, armée d'éléments de première nécessité (des Always, du PQ et du Gini), j'ai envoyé un sms à Vincent, mon collègue choupi :

    Princesse Soso : "J'ai pensé à toi car je me suis tapé Luditruie à Shopi, elle passait son temps à me pister dans les rayons"

    Vincent : "J'adore Shopi. C'est exotique. J'ai pensé à toi car j'ai vu la mère de Kassandra habillée comme une tepu"

    Princesse Soso : "Ça y est !!! Elle est ENFIN venue !!! Et alors ? Elle envisage Polytechnique pour sa fille ?"

    Vincent : "Plutôt l'université rurale aka la MFR"

    (Je ne sais pas si j'ai déteint sur mes collègues ou si je les ai aidés à exprimer leur côté grosse langue de tepu ♥)


    => La neige est à la conversation ce que Nadine Morano est à la politique : tout le monde en parle pour s'en plaindre. Qui dit neige dit, bataille de boules de neige, dit gamin qui finit par pleurer passke c troooooop froid madaaaaaame.
    Sauf que le jeu enfantin censé faire marrer tout le monde s'est transformé en carnage saisonnier.
    La neige s'est muée en glace. Les boules de poudreuse sont devenues des amas de glace, compacts et tranchants.
    La cour de récréation, ce champ de bataille où les balles sifflent. Règlements de compte, jets à l'aveugle, jouissance à l'idée de toucher un adversaire... La cour de récréation est le microcosme d'une société où la solidarité et la bienveillance sont bien trop souvent inexistantes. Un microcosme darwinien. Les plus forts y règnent en maître, s'approprient les endroits stratégiques en y chassant les plus faibles avec une violence verbale qui paraît complètement dingue quand on réalise qu'il s'agit d'enfants et de jeunes adolescents.
    "Bah, y a pas de surveillants ?!" me direz-vous... Si. TROIS. Trois personnes pour encadrer 450 élèves. Un surveillant qui s'occupe des toilettes (quand je pense que DE MON TEMPS, les chiottes étaient en accès libre, c'était plus ou moins propre selon le degré de goretitude des élèves mais ça restait un endroit vivable... tandis qu'à présent, laisser les élèves seuls dans les toilettes = PQ et eau partout, bastons, harcèlement et garçons qui viennent faire chier les filles - au sens figuré du terme - (enfin, j'espère)), et les deux autres pions qui font ce qu'ils peuvent avec leurs deux yeux respectifs. Difficile de voir que Laury pleure, que Donovan donne des coups de pieds à Antonin ou que Leslie fume derrière le muret quand il faut déjà gérer une baston entre Bryan et Brandon, les pleurs de Coraline qui frotte son genou ensanglanté rapport à la plaque de verglas ou Jason qui a piqué le bonnet de Louka et qui ne veut pas lui rendre. Certains diront que les profs pourraient surveiller la cour... sauf que nan... because :

    • Quand tu dois changer de salle, tu dois transbahuter tout ton bordel (portable, vidéoprojecteur, enceintes et les 12 000 câbles)
    • Tu profites de la récré pour faire des photocops, écrire un mot dans le carnet de Melinda, rencontrer les parents de Joakim et éventuellement TE DÉTENDRE un chouïa (chose relativement rare et précieuse)
    • Si on cède et qu'on finit par faire ce travail d'encadrement de la cour, de la cantine ou de la salle de sperm', le gouvernement va s'engouffrer dans la brèche et ne plus engager de pions, arguant que "youpi, comme apparemment, des profs s'en occupent, plus besoin de créer des postes d'assistants d'éducation ! Et BAM, une nouvelle mission gratos pour les enseignants".

    Bref, cela fait plusieurs jours que j'ai des choupis qui ont mal au ventre à l'idée d'aller en récré parce qu'ils savent qu'ils vont se prendre des boules de glace dans la tronche. Ils sont les dommages collatéraux du manque de réflexion de l'adolescent bourrin, excité à l'idée de viser, lancer, toucher... On a prévenu chaque classe, il est strictement INTERDIT de lancer de la glace rapport au côté dangereux de la chose aka l'arcade sourcilière, ça saigne sa race... aka la glace ça brûle, ça coupe, ça fait mal et BORDEL, faudrait peut-être réfléchir avant de bourriner tout ce qui bouge "pour rire madame".
    Je suis effarée de voir que malgré nos explications, avertissements et menaces... beaucoup d'élèves continuent leur bataille sans prendre conscience des conséquences de leur jeu débile. Je suis effarée de voir que beaucoup de parents s'en foutent et disent à leur gamin "oh c'est bon, tu dois t'endurcir !"...
    Non, non et NON. Un élève doit venir au collège sans avoir peur d'avoir mal, sans crainte de se prendre des coups ou de la glace dans la gueule... ça me paraît tellement évident que je trouve ça dingue de devoir le rappeler, le marteler...

    2. J'essaye de me cultiver

    (les deux qui se marrent au fond peuvent sortir)

    Poppy et moi, on se disait que putain, on n'avait moins de temps et peut-être moins de courage (?) pour lire des trucs, apprendre et découvrir... Facebook, Twitter, les sms et cette interaction permanente ont beaucoup aidé à nous créer un monde 2.0 où la culture a sa place mais où malheureusement l'oisiveté aussi.
    Je me rends compte que je n'ai toujours pas fini le ''Journal d'un mythomane" de Nicolas Bedos, que j'ai à peine touché à mon matos de peinture (ma nouvelle lubie ambiance "chuis trop une artiste tavu"), que je n'ai toujours pas vu la pile de DVD qui trône dans le salon, que je ne suis toujours pas allée voir des expos qui me tentaient ou dans un restau que mon frère m'a chaudement recommandé...
    Alors, j'essaye de couper internet pour absorber... "Polisse", "Intouchables", "Drive", "Downton Abbey", "The Big Bang Theory", "Full Metal Jacket", "Funny Games"... (re)lire Jane Austen, Philippe Delerm, Kundera, Apollinaire, Litteul Kévin ou Hélène Brûlé... (ré)écouter Radiohead, Verdi, The Spencer David Group, Patrick Watson, Billie Holiday, Brigitte, M, Agnes Obel...
    Je cuisine aussi... je découvre le plaisir de faire sa propre soupe (velouté d'échalotes et champignons, soupe épaisse de légumes quand il fait froid, soupe chaude de concombre, échalote, ciboulette et kiri...), les pancakes aux myrtilles adoucissent les petits-déjeuners où il ne fait même pas encore jour... et mon premier "Tigre qui pleure" fut une réussite totale et une énorme découverte culinaire... Le concept : du boeuf longuement mariné, juste saisi et découpé en lamelle... Un truc fondant et merveilleux pour la non-amatrice de viande que je suis.

    00000000_atigrepleure.jpg

    Ingrédients pour deux personnes :

    • 2 filet de boeuf de 2 cm d'épaisseur
    • Marinade : sauce d'huître (genre 3 c. à soupe), sauce soja (genre 2 c. à soupe), ail écrasé, réduit en poudre (1 c. à soupe), huile d'arachide (2 c. à soupe), huile de sésame (1 c. à soupe), 7 épices japonais, 1 échalote ciselée, quelques gouttes de tabasco
    • Sauce : citron vert (1 c. à soupe max, 1 c. à soupe de nuoc-mam, 1 c. à café de sucre roux, 1 échalote ciselée, ciboulette (on peut mettre de la coriandre, mais je n'aime pas ça), on peut aussi rajouter de la sauce pour nems et du "kapi" qui est une pâte de crevettes (fort en goût et épicé), mais je n'en avais pas). Si la sauce est trop acide ou relevée, on peut la rallonger avec un peu d'eau
    • Préparer la marinade dans un tupperware et bien badigeonner la viande. On laisse mariner au frigo tout une nuit.
    • Faire saisir la viande, une à deux minutes si l'on aime la viande très saignante
    • Découper la viande en fines lamelles (ça se coupe comme du beurre tendre) et napper de sauce... VOILOU :)

    Très simple à faire, il suffit d'avoir les bons ingrédients (on trouve la sauce d'huître ou le 7 épices japonais dans les épiceries asiatiques ou sur le net, genre Sushi Boutique). La sauce d'huître n'a absolument pas le goût de l'huître, ni même une saveur iodée. C'est une sauce assez sirupeuse et douce, idéale pour laquer des légumes ou des crevettes dans un wok.

    Je reviens bientôt pour vous parler de l'avenir de ma belle profession, de conseils que je prodigue humblement suite à de nombreux mails de collègues qui me demandent comment je réagis dans telle ou telle situation, de Millefeuille, de cul et de bonnes vannes vaseuses à base de calemboursmoi la chatte.

    Prenez bien soin de vous ♥



              Beyond holiday - putting a little "community care" in the luggage        
    Just as I was putting finishing touches on my personal end-of-2007 vacation itinerary and finalizing SAP TechEd '07 Bangalore plans, I met with James Farrar, who is VP of Corporate Citizenship at SAP and author of the sustainability and CSR blog: Wisdom of Clouds. This coincided with a growing interest of the SAP community members in such matters and plans for the launch of a new area under the Business Process Expert Community called Corporate Social Responsibility.

    I was very excited about the inauguration of the website: SAPfeedingknowledge and our SAP Community initiative to help provide "Food for Points".
    But here I was ending the 2007 year with personal plans for a full month's break/vacation itinerary and the longest hiatus ever from my engagements with the SAP SDN and BPX community....or was it to be so? Was I to be a voyeur or an emissary in my travels, or a bit of both.
    On Thanksgiving Day, November 22nd, 2007, my 16-year old son, Dahn and I set out for Bangalore with further plans for Cochin, Madurai, Vietnam and Cambodia. Upon arriving in Bangalore, we had arranged to link up with my dear friend of (gasp) 35 years, Naomi Tocher. Naomi is a Kiwi who, ever since we met volunteering together on a kibbutz in Israel those many years ago, has dedicated her life to working in social services and of late heads support services for interpreters and translators in New Zealand. Naomi, Dahn and I had been formulating our travel plans together. Naomi had almost apologetically suggested we detour a bit from the usual tourist stuff and get to interface with locals. She had many personal contacts from within the Cambodian and Vietnamese refugee resources she worked with, and so was able to broker some "home stays". She also raised the possibility of our visiting a Children's home outside of Madurai and perhaps a rehabilitation hospital in Cambodia and made the tentative arrangements.

    We agreed, never guessing how the worlds of exotic adventure travel and a more humanitarian and human set of experiences would coincide.

    What follows are some journal notes from one of the most intriguing, disturbing, inspiring and moving trips I have ever had the privilege of taking. And truly, thanks to all those that contributed to this enriching journey: family, friends, work colleagues and the SAP Community, which in this hyper-connected world of ours is also a combination of all those entities.Especial thanks to the generous, brave, kind and helpful people of all those places we visited. I hope to tell some of your stories.


    December 1st, 2007

    We call the Illam "Children's Home" (orphanage) in Nilakottai near Madurai and ask if we can visit and what we can bring. School supplies? Books? They modestly say fruit. So armed with the only shopping bag at our disposal we head off for the market to buy 70 kilos, one for each child we visit.

    We are greeted by Mr Khader, the head master of the school. We are welcomed and introduced in the most delightful way. You can see more photos of our day with the students here.
    Everything resonated goodness. The foundation DHAN associated with the school has a microfinance program at work helping empower women in the community. The school absolutely indoctrinates the children with the goals of professional achievement. And these children, many of whose families, if they have any, are so destitute that they cannot afford to have them schooled, are also imbued with a pay-it-forward education. Each child successfully completing this program has vowed to help another child achieve those goals as well.
    And if I understand it correctly, this whole project started through an individual's vision and dream. Her name is Jean Watson, and she is a 74-year-old Wellingtonian (New Zealander) who spends some of her time with her community in India. I've just finished speaking with her by phone in Wellington and thanking her for the gift she unwittingly gave us as well. As I write this, my friend Naomi shares her correspondance with Jean.
    Naomi writes to Jean:
    "We received a beautiful welcome from the children, Gero, some teachers and Mr.Kadher. After a traditional welcome, the children danced for us, showed us around their home and talked with us. We sang them a song and began to teach it to them. We had a scrumptious lunch - the cook is a real find. We also visited the lush garden at the back of the Ilam and learnt of your future plans for it.
    I promised to bring back love to you from everyone at the Illam and let you know about the visit. They talk about you all the time and are looking forward to you being back with them.Jean, you are a real inspiration. I am so impressed by your foresight and your commitment to follow through on your vision. And what a satisfying result it must be to have a houseful of such lively, happy and talented children. I am particularly impressed by the encouragement given to each child to be successful in their life, and even more by the "obligation" that they will help another child."


    Genromani volunteers as a teacher and Mr. Khader encourages the students who engage with us, to share with us some of their dreams and aspirations: computer engineers, teachers, health-care givers abound in the breathless and excited gaggle of grins and curiosity about us. These kids have lofty goals. And they make us believe they will attain them. We came to bring gifts. The truth is we received them. Amazing what ordinary people can do....feeding knowledge.
              About Jackie Robinson        

    Who was Jackie Robinson?

     

    Jack Roosevelt "Jackie" Robinson (January 31, 1919 – October 24, 1972) was the first black Major League Baseball. Robinson broke the baseball color barrier when he signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947. As the first black man to play in the major leagues, (aside from the 1880s, before the MLB was organized) he is most known for bringing social justice to baseball, which had seperate leagues for blacks (the Negro leagues) and whites for six decades. His character and skills are what helped him challenge the traditional basis of segregation, which was prevalent in all areas of American Life, and was a catalyst to the Civil Rights Movement. Robinson was not just any other baseball player, he strived for success and achieved it, as he helped the Dodgers get to six World Series' and win it all in 1955. He was Rookie of the Year in 1947, MVP in 1949 and a six time All-Star from 1949-1954. He was then inducted to the Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown in 1962 followed by all of MLB retiring the Jackie Robinson Jersey: number 42, in 1997, an honor reserved solely to Robinson. 

    Pre Baseball Life

    Jackie was born on January 31, 1919, in Cairo, Georgia, to a family of farmers during a Spanish flu and smallpox epidemic. He was the youngest of five children, after his brothers Edgar, Frank, Matthew, and Willa Mae. He was named "Roosevelt" as a middle name, in honor of former President Theodore Roosevelt, who died earier that month. The Robinson's moved to 121 Pepper Street in Pasadena, California after their father left them in 1920. Their mother worked various jobs to support them as they grew up in relative poverty even though Pasadena was considered an affluent place. They attended Washington Junior High School followed by Muir Tech High School. The Robinsons were superb athletes. Matthew was a silver medalist in the 1936 Olympics and he and Frank inspired Jackie to seriously pursue a career in sports. Jackie played on the Muir Tech football team as quarterback, basketball team as a guard, track team as a jumper, tennis team and baseball team as both a catcher and shortstop. In 1936, he won a Tennis Tournament and played in the Pomona baseball tournament all star team with fellow future Hall of Famers Ted Williams and Bob Lemon. 

    After High School, Jackie went on to Pasadena Junior College where he continued his involvement in sports. He also was elected to the Lancers, a local organization responsible for helping patrol school activities. In 1938, Jackie joined the All-Southland Junior College baseball team and was selected as that years MVP. He also received honors for his outstanding community service, even though he sometimes acted against those around him who seemed racist. While playing football for PJC, Jackie broke his ankle. A few days before Jackie's 19th birthday he was arrested for vocally disputing the arrest of a black friend of his. He quickly earned a reputation for being one who won't shy away from beligerrance in the face of racism.

    After graduating from PJC, Jackie's brother, Frank, was killed in a motorcycle accident which helped Jackie make a decision to move to L.A. where he could console Frank's family. Jackie decided to attend UCLA where he met is future wife, Rachel Isum, and won varsity letters in all the major sports. He won the 1940 NCAA Mens Outdoor Track and Field Championship in the Long Jump,jumping a whopping 24 Feet 10.5 Inches. Ironically, in that year, robinson batted .097 for the UCLA baseball squad. In 1941, he took a job with the NYA as an assistant athletic director, as it would have been impossible for him to get a job as a proffesional athlete due to the color barrier. Later that year he traveled to Hawaii where he had an opportunity to play for the racially mixed semi-pro Honolulu Bears' football team. After that season he would move back to L.A. to play for a local football team, not realizing that the US involvement in World War 2 would sidetrack him for a little while and end his short football career.

    Robinson was drafted to the Army in 1942 and was stationed in Fort Riley, Kansas. Throughout his 3 plus years in the Army, he was always treated as a subordinate by the White controlled military. He still managed to become a second lieutenant in 1943, and joined the Black Panthers Tank Battallion, the first Black tank unit to see combat in WWII. However, jackie was never in combat. After getting engaged to his College sweetheart, Rachel, he was sidelined after injuring the same ankle he hurt back in high school. He would finish his army service as a coach for army athletes until 1944 when he was discharged. While in the Army, Robinson made close ties with boxer, Joe Louis, as they helped each other struggle in the white dominated Army.

    In early 1945, after working some part time coaching jobs, Jackie received an offer from the Kansas City Monarchs to Play professional Baseball in the Negro Leagues. He signed a contract worth $400 a month as he played for the Monarchs for 1 Season. He played 47 games at shortstop batting .387. The Negro leagues were'nt for Jackie as he didn't like their unorganized style. Luckily he received a secret offer from the GM of the Brooklyn Dodgers, Branch Rickey, to come to NY and play for their Minor League team. They offered him $600 a month on the condition that he would be able to take abuse from other players for being the only black, but contain himself from fighting back. Jackie accepted, and immediately left the Monarchs for NYC where he would marry Rachel Isum, who was in NY studying to be a Nurse. Jackie would start with the Dodgers' AAA club in Daytona Beach, FL that next season.

    Baseball Career

    In 1946, Robinson arrived at Daytona Beach, Florida, for spring training with the Montreal Royals of the Class AAA International League (the designation of "AAA" for the highest level of minor league baseball was first used in the 1946 season). Robinson's presence was controversial in racially charged Florida. As he was not allowed to stay with his teammates at the team hotel, he lodged instead at the home of a local black politician. Since the Dodgers organization did not own a spring training facility (the Dodger-controlled spring training compound in Vero Beach known as "Dodgertown" did not open until spring 1948), scheduling was subject to the whim of area localities, several of which turned down any event involving Robinson or Johnny Wright, another black player whom Rickey had signed to the Dodgers' organization in January. In Sanford, Florida, the police chief threatened to cancel games if Robinson and Wright did not cease training activities there; as a result, Robinson was sent back to Daytona Beach. In Jacksonville, the stadium was padlocked shut without warning on game day, by order of the city's Parks and Public Property director. In DeLand, a scheduled day game was called off, ostensibly because of faulty electrical lighting.

    After much lobbying of local officials by Rickey himself, the Royals were allowed to host a game involving Robinson in Daytona Beach. Robinson made his Royals debut at Daytona Beach's City Island Ballpark on March 17, 1946, in an exhibition game against the team's parent club, the Dodgers. Robinson thus simultaneously became the first black player to openly play for a minor league team and against a major league team since the de facto baseball color line had been implemented in the 1880s. Later in spring training, after some less-than-stellar performances, Robinson was shifted from shortstop to second base, allowing him to make shorter throws to first base. Robinson's performance soon rebounded. On April 18, 1946, Roosevelt Stadium hosted the Jersey City Giants' season opener against the Montreal Royals, marking the professional debut of the Royals' Jackie Robinson. In his five trips to the plate, Robinson had four hits, including a three-run home run. He also scored four runs, drove in three, and stole two bases in the Royals' 14–1 victory. Robinson proceeded to lead the International League that season with a .349 batting average and .985 fielding percentage, and he was named the league's Most Valuable Player. Although he often faced hostility while on road trips (the Royals were forced to cancel a Southern exhibition tour, for example), the Montreal fan base enthusiastically supported Robinson. Whether fans supported or opposed it, Robinson's presence on the field was a boon to attendance; more than one million people went to games involving Robinson in 1946, an amazing figure by International League standards. In the fall of 1946, following the baseball season, Robinson returned home to California and briefly played professional basketball for the short-lived Los Angeles Red Devils.

    The following year, six days before the start of the 1947 season, the Dodgers called Robinson up to the major leagues. With Eddie Stanky entrenched at second base for the Dodgers, Robinson played his initial major league season as a first baseman. On April 15, 1947, Robinson made his major league debut at Ebbets Field before a crowd of 26,623 spectators, including more than 14,000 black patrons. Although he failed to get a base hit, the Dodgers won 5–3. Robinson became the first player since 1880 to openly break the major league baseball color line. Black fans began flocking to see the Dodgers when they came to town, abandoning their Negro league teams.

    Robinson's promotion met a generally positive, although mixed, reception among newspapers and white major league players. However, racial tension existed in the Dodger clubhouse. Some Dodger players insinuated they would sit out rather than play alongside Robinson. The brewing mutiny ended when Dodgers management took a stand for Robinson. Manager Leo Durocher informed the team, "I do not care if the guy is yellow or black, or if he has stripes like a fuckin' zebra. I'm the manager of this team, and I say he plays. What's more, I say he can make us all rich. And if any of you cannot use the money, I will see that you are all traded."

    Robinson was also derided by opposing teams. Some, notably the St. Louis Cardinals, threatened to strike if Robinson played. After the threat, National League President Ford Frick and Baseball Commissioner Happy Chandler let it be known that any striking players would be suspended. Robinson nonetheless became the target of rough physical play by opponents (particularly the Cardinals). At one time, he received a seven-inch gash in his leg. On April 22, 1947, during a game between the Dodgers and the Philadelphia Phillies, Phillies players called Robinson a "nigger" from their dugout and yelled that he should "go back to the cotton fields". Rickey later recalled that Phillies manager Ben Chapman "did more than anybody to unite the Dodgers. When he poured out that string of unconscionable abuse, he solidified and united thirty men."

    Robinson received significant encouragement from several major league players. Dodgers teammate Pee Wee Reese once came to Robinson's defense with the famous line, "You can hate a man for many reasons. Color is not one of them." In 1948, Reese put his arm around Robinson in response to fans who shouted racial slurs at Robinson before a game in Cincinnati. A statue by sculptor William Behrends, unveiled at KeySpan Park on November 1, 2005, commemorates this event by representing Reese with his arm around Robinson. Jewish baseball star Hank Greenberg, who had to deal with racial epithets during his career, also encouraged Robinson. After colliding with Robinson at first base on one occasion, Greenberg whispered a few words into Robinson's ear, which Robinson later characterized as "words of encouragement." Greenberg had advised him that the best way to combat the slurs from the opposing players was to beat them on the field.

    Robinson finished the season having played in 151 games for the Dodgers, with a batting average of .297, an on-base percentage of .383, and a .427 slugging percentage. He had 175 hits (scoring 125 runs) including 31 doubles, 5 triples, 12 home runs, driving in 48 runs for the year. Robinson led the league in sacrifice hits, with 28, and in stolen bases, with 29. His cumulative performance earned him the inaugural Major League Baseball Rookie of the Year Award (separate National and American League Rookie of the Year honors were not awarded until 1949).

    Following Stanky's trade to the Boston Braves in March 1948, Robinson took over second base, where he logged a .980 fielding percentage that year (second in the National League at the position, fractionally behind Stanky). Robinson had a batting average of .296 and 22 stolen bases for the season. In a 12–7 win against the St. Louis Cardinals on August 29, 1948, he hit for the cycle—a home run, a triple, a double, and a single in the same game. The Dodgers briefly moved into first place in the National League in late August 1948, but they ultimately finished third as the Braves went on to win the league title and lose to the Cleveland Indians in the World Series.

    Racial pressure on Robinson eased in 1948 as a number of other black players entered the major leagues. Larry Doby (who broke the color barrier in the American League on July 5, 1947) and Satchel Paige played for the Cleveland Indians, and the Dodgers had three other black players besides Robinson. In February 1948, he signed a $12,500 contract (equal to $120,914 today) with the Dodgers; while a significant amount, this was less than Robinson made in the off-season from a vaudeville tour, where he answered pre-set baseball questions, and a speaking tour of the South. Between the tours, he underwent surgery on his right ankle. Because of his off-season activities, Robinson reported to training camp 30 pounds (14 kg) overweight. He lost the weight during training camp, but dieting left him weak at the plate.

    In the spring of 1949, Robinson turned to Hall of Famer George Sisler, working as an advisor to the Dodgers, for batting help. At Sisler's suggestion, Robinson spent hours at a batting tee, learning to hit the ball to right field. Sisler taught Robinson to anticipate a fastball, on the theory that it is easier to subsequently adjust to a slower curveball. Robinson also noted that "Sisler showed me how to stop lunging, how to check my swing until the last fraction of a second". The tutelage helped Robinson raise his batting average from .296 in 1948 to .342 in 1949. In addition to his improved batting average, Robinson stole 37 bases that season, was second place in the league for both doubles and triples, and registered 124 runs batted in with 122 runs scored. For the performance Robinson earned the Most Valuable Player award for the National League. Baseball fans also voted Robinson as the starting second baseman for the 1949 All-Star Game—the first All-Star Game to include black players.

    That year, a song about Robinson by Buddy Johnson, "Did You See Jackie Robinson Hit That Ball?", reached number 13 on the charts; Count Basie recorded a famous version. Ultimately, the Dodgers won the National League pennant, but lost in five games to the New York Yankees in the 1949 World Series.

    Summer 1949 brought an unwanted distraction for Robinson. In July, he was called to testify before the United States House of Representatives' Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) concerning statements made that April by black athlete and actor Paul Robeson. Robinson was reluctant to testify, but he eventually agreed to do so, fearing it might negatively affect his career if he declined.

    In 1950, Robinson led the National League in double plays made by a second baseman with 133. His salary that year was the highest any Dodger had been paid to that point: $35,000 ($338,091 in 2012 dollars). He finished the year with 99 runs scored, a .328 batting average, and 12 stolen bases. The year saw the release of a film biography of Robinson's life, The Jackie Robinson Story, in which Robinson played himself, and actress Ruby Dee played Rachael "Rae" (Isum) Robinson. The project had been previously delayed when the film's producers refused to accede to demands of two Hollywood studios that the movie include scenes of Robinson being tutored in baseball by a white man. The New York Times wrote that Robinson, "doing that rare thing of playing himself in the picture's leading role, displays a calm assurance and composure that might be envied by many a Hollywood star."

    Robinson's Hollywood exploits, however, did not sit well with Dodgers co-owner Walter O'Malley, who referred to Robinson as "Rickey's prima donna". In late 1950, Rickey's contract as the Dodgers' team President expired. Weary of constant disagreements with O'Malley, and with no hope of being re-appointed as President of the Dodgers, Rickey cashed out his one-quarter financial interest in the team, leaving O'Malley in full control of the franchise. Rickey shortly thereafter became general manager of the Pittsburgh Pirates. Robinson was disappointed at the turn of events and wrote a sympathetic letter to Rickey, whom he considered a father figure, stating, "Regardless of what happens to me in the future, it all can be placed on what you have done and, believe me, I appreciate it."

    Before the 1951 season, O'Malley reportedly offered Robinson the job of manager of the Montreal Royals, effective at the end of Robinson's playing career. O'Malley was quoted in the Montreal Standard as saying, "Jackie told me that he would be both delighted and honored to tackle this managerial post"—although reports differed as to whether a position was ever formally offered.

    During the 1951 season, Robinson led the National League in double plays made by a second baseman for the second year in a row, with 137. He also kept the Dodgers in contention for the 1951 pennant. During the last game of the season, in the 13th inning, he had a hit to tie the game, and then won the game with a home run in the 14th. This forced a playoff against the New York Giants, which the Dodgers lost.

    Despite Robinson's regular-season heroics, the Dodgers lost the pennant on Bobby Thomson's famous home run, known as the Shot Heard 'Round the World, on October 3, 1951. Overcoming his dejection, Robinson dutifully observed Thomson's feet to ensure he touched all the bases. Dodgers sportscaster Vin Scully later noted that the incident showed "how much of a competitor Robinson was." He finished the season with 106 runs scored, a batting average of .335, and 25 stolen bases.

    Robinson had what was an average year for him in 1952. He finished the year with 104 runs, a .308 batting average, and 24 stolen bases. He did, however, record a career-high on-base percentage of .436. The Dodgers improved on their performance from the year before, winning the National League pennant before losing the 1952 World Series to the New York Yankees in seven games. That year, on the television show Youth Wants to Know, Robinson challenged the Yankees' general manager, George Weiss, on the racial record of his team, which had yet to sign a black player. Sportswriter Dick Young, whom Robinson had described as a "bigot", said, "If there was one flaw in Jackie, it was the common one. He believed that everything unpleasant that happened to him happened because of his blackness." The 1952 season was the last year Robinson was an everyday starter at second base. Afterward, Robinson played variously at first, second, and third bases, shortstop, and in the outfield, with Jim Gilliam, another black player, taking over everyday second base duties. Robinson's interests began to shift toward the prospect of managing a major league team. He had hoped to gain experience by managing in the Puerto Rican Winter League, but according to the New York Post, Commissioner Happy Chandler denied the request.

    In 1953, Robinson had 109 runs, a .329 batting average, and 17 steals, leading the Dodgers to another National League pennant (and another World Series loss to the Yankees, this time in six games). Robinson's continued success spawned a string of death threats. He was not dissuaded, however, from addressing racial issues publicly. That year, he served as editor for Our Sports magazine, a periodical focusing on Negro sports issues; contributions to the magazine included an article on golf course segregation by Robinson's old friend Joe Louis. Robinson also openly criticized segregated hotels and restaurants that served the Dodger organization; a number of these establishments integrated as a result, including the five-star Chase Park Hotel in St. Louis.

    In 1954, Robinson had 62 runs, a .311 batting average, and 7 steals. His best day at the plate was on June 17, when he hit two home runs and two doubles. The following autumn, Robinson won his only championship when the Dodgers beat the New York Yankees in the 1955 World Series. Although the team enjoyed ultimate success, 1955 was the worst year of Robinson's individual career. He hit .256 and stole only 12 bases. The Dodgers tried Robinson in the outfield and as a third baseman, both because of his diminishing abilities and because Gilliam was established at second base. Robinson, then 37 years old, missed 49 games and did not play in Game 7 of the World Series. Robinson missed the game because manager Walter Alston decided to play Gilliam at second and Don Hoak at third base. That season, the Dodgers' Don Newcombe became the first black major league pitcher to win twenty games in a year.

    In 1956, Robinson had 61 runs, a .275 batting average, and 12 steals. By then, he had begun to exhibit the effects of diabetes, and to lose interest in the prospect of playing or managing professional baseball. After the season, Robinson was traded by the Dodgers to the arch-rival New York Giants for Dick Littlefield and $35,000 cash (equal to $299,192 today). The trade, however, was never completed; unbeknownst to the Dodgers, Robinson had already agreed with the president of Chock full o'Nuts to quit baseball and become an executive with the company. Since Robinson had sold exclusive rights to any retirement story to Look magazine two years previously,[165&91; his retirement decision was revealed through the magazine, instead of through the Dodgers organization.

    Legacy

    Robinson's major league debut brought an end to approximately sixty years of segregation in professional baseball, known as the baseball color line. After World War II, several other forces were also leading the country toward increased equality for blacks, including their accelerated migration of to the North, where their political clout grew, and President Harry Truman's desegregation of the military in 1948. Robinson's breaking of the baseball color line and his professional success symbolized these broader changes and demonstrated that the fight for equality was more than simply a political matter. Martin Luther King, Jr. said that he was "a legend and a symbol in his own time", and that he "challenged the dark skies of intolerance and frustration." According to historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, Robinson's "efforts were a monumental step in the civil-rights revolution in America ... [His&91; accomplishments allowed black and white Americans to be more respectful and open to one another and more appreciative of everyone's abilities."

    Beginning his major league career at the relatively advanced age of twenty-eight, he played only ten seasons, all of them for the Brooklyn Dodgers. During his career, the Dodgers played in six World Series, and Robinson himself played in six All-Star Games. In 1999, he was posthumously named to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team.

    Robinson's career is generally considered to mark the beginning of the post–"long ball" era in baseball, in which a reliance on raw power-hitting gave way to balanced offensive strategies that used footspeed to create runs through aggressive baserunning. Robinson exhibited the combination of hitting ability and speed which exemplified the new era. He scored more than 100 runs in six of his ten seasons (averaging more than 110 runs from 1947 to 1953), had a .311 career batting average, a .409 career on-base percentage, a .474 slugging percentage, and substantially more walks than strikeouts (740 to 291). Robinson was one of only two players during the span of 1947–56 to accumulate at least 125 steals while registering a slugging percentage over .425 (Minnie Miñoso was the other). He accumulated 197 stolen bases in total, including 19 steals of home. None of the latter were double steals (in which a player stealing home is assisted by a player stealing another base at the same time). Robinson has been referred to by author David Falkner as "the father of modern base-stealing."

    "I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me ... all I ask is that you respect me as a human being." —Robinson, on his legacy

     

    Historical statistical analysis indicates Robinson was an outstanding fielder throughout his ten years in the major leagues and at virtually every position he played. After playing his rookie season at first base, Robinson spent most of his career as a second baseman. He led the league in fielding among second basemen in 1950 and 1951. Toward the end of his career, he played about 2,000 innings at third base and about 1,175 innings in the outfield, excelling at both.

    Assessing himself, Robinson said, "I'm not concerned with your liking or disliking me ... all I ask is that you respect me as a human being." Regarding Robinson's qualities on the field, Leo Durocher said, "Ya want a guy that comes to play. This guy didn't just come to play. He come to beat ya. He come to stuff the goddamn bat right up your ass."

    Post-baseball life

    Robinson as ABC sports announcer in 1965

    Robinson retired from baseball on January 5, 1957. Later that year, after he complained of numerous physical ailments, his doctors diagnosed Robinson with diabetes, a disease that also affected his brothers. Although Robinson adopted an insulin injection regimen, the state of medicine at the time could not prevent continued deterioration of Robinson's physical condition from the disease.

    In his first year of eligibility for the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1962, Robinson encouraged voters to consider only his on-field qualifications, rather than his cultural impact on the game. He was elected on the first ballot, becoming the first black player inducted into the Cooperstown museum.

    In 1965, Robinson served as an analyst for ABC's Major League Baseball Game of the Week telecasts, the first black person to do so. In 1966, Robinson was hired as general manager for the short-lived Brooklyn Dodgers of the Continental Football League. In 1972, he served as a part-time commentator on Montreal Expos telecasts.

    On June 4, 1972, the Dodgers retired his uniform number, 42, alongside those of Roy Campanella (39) and Sandy Koufax (32). From 1957 to 1964, Robinson was the vice president for personnel at Chock full o'Nuts; he was the first black person to serve as vice president of a major American corporation. Robinson always considered his business career as advancing the cause of black people in commerce and industry. Robinson also chaired the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People's (NAACP) million-dollar Freedom Fund Drive in 1957, and served on the organization's board until 1967. In 1964, he helped found, with Harlem businessman Dunbar McLaurin, Freedom National Bank—a black-owned and operated commercial bank based in Harlem. He also served as the bank's first Chairman of the Board. In 1970, Robinson established the Jackie Robinson Construction Company to build housing for low-income families.

    Robinson was active in politics throughout his post-baseball life. He identified himself as a political independent although he held conservative opinions on several issues, including the Vietnam War (he once wrote Martin Luther King, Jr. to defend the Johnson Administration's military policy). After supporting Richard Nixon in his 1960 presidential race against John F. Kennedy, Robinson later praised Kennedy effusively for his stance on civil rights. Robinson was angered by conservative Republican opposition to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. He became one of six national directors for Nelson Rockefeller's unsuccessful campaign to be nominated as the Republican candidate for the 1964 presidential election. After the party nominated Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona instead, Robinson left the party's convention commenting that he now had "a better understanding of how it must have felt to be a Jew in Hitler's Germany". He later became special assistant for community affairs when Rockefeller was re-elected governor of New York in 1966. Switching his allegiance to the Democrats, he subsequently supported Hubert Humphrey against Nixon in 1968.

    Protesting the major leagues' ongoing lack of minority managers and central office personnel, Robinson turned down an invitation to appear in an old-timers' game at Yankee Stadium in 1969. He made his final public appearance on October 15, 1972, throwing the ceremonial first pitch before Game 2 of the World Series. He gratefully accepted a plaque honoring the twenty-fifth anniversary of his MLB debut, but also commented, "I'm going to be tremendously more pleased and more proud when I look at that third base coaching line one day and see a black face managing in baseball." This wish was fulfilled only after Robinson's death: following the 1974 season, the Cleveland Indians gave their managerial post to Frank Robinson (no relation), a Hall of Fame-bound player who would go on to manage three other teams. Despite the success of these two Robinsons and other black players, the number of African-American players in Major League Baseball has declined since the 1970s.

    Family life and death

    After Robinson's retirement from baseball, his wife, Rachel Robinson, pursued a career in academic nursing—she became an assistant professor at the Yale School of Nursing and director of nursing at the Connecticut Mental Health Center. She also served on the board of the Freedom National Bank until it closed in 1990. She and Jackie had three children: Jackie Robinson Jr. (born November 18, 1946), Sharon Robinson (born January 13, 1950), and David Robinson (born May 14, 1952).

    Robinson's eldest son, Jackie Robinson Jr., had emotional trouble during his childhood and entered special education at an early age. He enrolled in the Army in search of a disciplined environment, served in the Vietnam War, and was wounded in action on November 19, 1965. After his discharge, he struggled with drug problems. Robinson Jr. eventually completed the treatment program at Daytop Village in Seymour, Connecticut, and became a counselor at the institution. On June 17, 1971, at the age of 24, he was killed in an automobile accident. The experience with his son's drug addiction turned Robinson, Sr. into an avid anti-drug crusader toward the end of his life.

    Robinson did not long outlive his son. Complications of heart disease and diabetes weakened Robinson and made him almost blind by middle age. On October 24, 1972, he died of a heart attack at home in Stamford, Connecticut, aged fifty-three. Robinson's funeral service on October 27, 1972, at New York City's Riverside Church attracted 2,500 admirers. Many of his former teammates and other famous black baseball players served as pallbearers, and the Rev. Jesse Jackson gave the eulogy. Tens of thousands of people lined the subsequent procession route to Robinson's interment site at Cypress Hills Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York, where he is buried next to his son Jackie and mother-in-law Zellee Isum. Jackie Robinson Parkway also runs through the cemetery.

    After Robinson's death, his widow founded the Jackie Robinson Foundation, of which she remains an officer as of 2009. On April 15, 2008, she announced that in 2010 the foundation will be opening a museum devoted to Jackie in Lower Manhattan. Robinson's daughter, Sharon, became a midwife, educator, director of educational programming for MLB, and the author of two books about her father. His youngest son, David, who has ten children, is a coffee grower and social activist in Tanzania.

    Awards and recognition

    According to a poll conducted in 1947, Robinson was the second most popular man in the country, behind Bing Crosby. In 1999, he was named by Time on its list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century. Also in 1999, he ranked number 44 on the Sporting News list of Baseball's 100 Greatest Players and was elected to the Major League Baseball All-Century Team as the top vote-getter among second basemen. Baseball writer Bill James, in The New Bill James Historical Baseball Abstract, ranked Robinson as the 32nd greatest player of all time strictly on the basis of his performance on the field, noting that he was one of the top players in the league throughout his career. Robinson was among the 25 charter members of UCLA’s Athletics Hall of Fame in 1984. In 2002, Molefi Kete Asante included Robinson on his list of 100 Greatest African Americans. Robinson has also been honored by the United States Postal Service on three separate postage stamps, in 1982, 1999, and 2000.

    The City of Pasadena has recognized Robinson in several ways. Brookside Park, situated next to the Rose Bowl, features a baseball diamond and stadium named Jackie Robinson Field. The city's Human Services Department operates the Jackie Robinson Center, a community outreach center that provides early diabetes detection and other services. In 1997, a $325,000 bronze sculpture (equal to $470,522 today) by artists Ralph Helmick, Stu Schecter, and John Outterbridge depicting oversized nine-foot busts of Robinson and his brother Mack was erected at Garfield Avenue, across from the main entrance of Pasadena City Hall; a granite footprint lists multiple donors to the commission project, which was organized by the Robinson Memorial Foundation and supported by members of the Robinson family.

    Major League Baseball has honored Robinson many times since his death. In 1987, both the National and American League Rookie of the Year Awards were renamed the "Jackie Robinson Award" in honor of the first recipient (Robinson's Major League Rookie of the Year Award in 1947 encompassed both leagues). On April 15, 1997, Robinson's jersey number, 42, was retired throughout Major League Baseball, the first time any jersey number had been retired throughout one of the four major American sports leagues.

    As an exception to the retired-number policy, MLB has recently begun honoring Robinson by allowing players to wear number 42 on April 15, Jackie Robinson Day. For the 60th anniversary of Robinson's major league debut, MLB invited players to wear the number 42 on Jackie Robinson Day in 2007. The gesture was originally the idea of outfielder Ken Griffey, Jr., who sought Rachel Robinson's permission to wear the number. After receiving her permission, Commissioner Bud Selig not only allowed Griffey to wear the number, but also extended an invitation to all major league teams to do the same. Ultimately, more than 200 players wore number 42, including the entire rosters of the Los Angeles Dodgers, New York Mets, Houston Astros, Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, Milwaukee Brewers, and Pittsburgh Pirates. The tribute was continued in 2008, when, during games on April 15, all members of the Mets, Cardinals, Washington Nationals, and Tampa Bay Rays wore Robinson's number 42. On June 25, 2008, MLB installed a new plaque for Robinson at the Baseball Hall of Fame commemorating his off-the-field impact on the game as well as his playing statistics. In 2009, all uniformed personnel (players, managers, coaches, and umpires) wore number 42 on April 15.

    At the November 2006 groundbreaking for a new ballpark for the New York Mets, Citi Field, it was announced that the main entrance, modeled on the one in Brooklyn's old Ebbets Field, would be called the Jackie Robinson Rotunda. The rotunda was dedicated at the opening of Citi Field on April 16, 2009. It honors Robinson with large quotations spanning the inner curve of the facade and features a large freestanding statue of his number, 42, which has become an attraction in itself. Mets owner Fred Wilpon announced that, in conjunction with Citigroup and the Jackie Robinson Foundation, the Mets will create a Jackie Robinson Museum and Learning Center, located at the headquarters of the Jackie Robinson Foundation at One Hudson Square in lower Manhattan. The main purpose of the museum will be to fund scholarships for "young people who live by and embody Jackie's ideals."

    Since 2004, the Aflac National High School Baseball Player of the Year has been presented the "Jackie Robinson Award".

    Robinson has also been recognized outside of baseball. In December 1956, the NAACP recognized him with the Spingarn Medal, which it awards annually for the highest achievement by an African-American. President Ronald Reagan posthumously awarded Robinson the Presidential Medal of Freedom on March 26, 1984, and on March 2, 2005, President George W. Bush gave Robinson's widow the Congressional Gold Medal, the highest civilian award bestowed by Congress; Robinson was only the second baseball player to receive the award, after Roberto Clemente. On August 20, 2007, California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger and his wife, Maria Shriver, announced that Robinson was inducted into the California Hall of Fame, located at The California Museum for History, Women and the Arts in Sacramento.

    A number of buildings have been named in Robinson's honor. The UCLA Bruins baseball team plays in Jackie Robinson Stadium, which, because of the efforts of Jackie's brother Mack, features a memorial statue of Robinson by sculptor Richard H. Ellis. City Island Ballpark in Daytona Beach, Florida—the baseball field that became the Dodgers' de facto spring training site in 1947—was renamed Jackie Robinson Ballpark in 1989. A number of facilities at Pasadena City College (successor to PJC) are named in Robinson's honor, including Robinson Field, a football/soccer/track facility named jointly for Robinson and his brother Mack. The New York Public School system has named a middle school after Robinson, and Dorsey High School plays at a Los Angeles football stadium named after him. In 1976, his home in Brooklyn, the Jackie Robinson House, was declared a National Historic Landmark. Robinson also has an asteroid named after him, 4319 Jackierobinson. In 1997, the United States Mint issued a Jackie Robinson commemorative silver dollar, and five dollar gold coin. That same year, New York City renamed the Interboro Parkway in his honor.

    In 2011, the U.S. placed a plaque at Robinson's Montreal home to honor the ending of segregation in baseball. The home is located at 8232 avenue de Gaspe south of rue de Guizot Est and near Jarry Park and close to Delorimier Stadium, where Robinson played for the Montreal Royals during 1946. In a letter read during the ceremony, Rachel Robinson, Jackie's widow, wrote: "I remember Montreal and that house very well and have always had warm feeling for that great city. Before Jack and I moved to Montreal, we had just been through some very rough treatment in the racially biased South during spring training in Florida. In the end, Montreal was the perfect place for him to get his start. We never had a threatening or unpleasant experience there. The people were so welcoming and saw Jack as a player and as a man."

    Career statistics

    YearTeamGABRH2B3BHRRBISBCSBBSOAVGOBPSLGTBSHSFIBBHBPGDPE
    1945 Kansas City 47 163 36 63 14 4 5 23 13       .387                  
    1946 Montreal 124 444 113 155 25 8 3 66 40   92 27 .349                 10
    1947 Brooklyn 151 590 125 175 31 5 12 48 29   74 36 .297 .383 .427 252 28     9 5 16
    1948 Brooklyn 147 574 108 170 38 8 12 85 22   57 37 .296 .367 .453 260 8     7 7 15
    1949 Brooklyn 156 593 122 203 38 12 16 124 37   86 27 .342 .432 .528 313 17     8 22 16
    1950 Brooklyn 144 518 99 170 39 4 14 81 12   80 24 .328 .423 .500 259 10     5 11 11
    1951 Brooklyn 153 548 106 185 33 7 19 88 25 8 79 27 .338 .429 .527 289 6     9 10 7
    1952 Brooklyn 149 510 104 157 17 3 19 75 24 7 106 40 .308 .440 .465 237 6     14 16 20
    1953 Brooklyn 136 484 109 159 34 7 12 95 17 4 74 30 .329 .425 .502 243 9     7 12 6
    1954 Brooklyn 124 386 62 120 22 4 15 59 7 3 63 20 .311 .413 .505 195 5 4a   7 13 7
    1955 Brooklyn 105 317 51 81 6 2 8 36 12 3 61 18 .256 .378 .363 115 6 3 5b 3 8 10
    1956 Brooklyn 117 357 61 98 15 2 10 43 12 5 60 32 .275 .382 .412 147 9 2 2 3 9 9
    TotalsBrooklyn13824877947151827354137734197 740291.311.409.47423101049772113107
     Career155354941096173634267161867248   .316    97   

    a The sacrifice fly (SF) as a unique statistical category did not exist in Major League Baseball from 1940 through 1953. Any pre-1954 sacrifice flies by Robinson would be reflected in the sacrifice hit (SH) category.

    b Likewise, the intentional walk (IBB) category only became a unique statistic beginning in 1955. Any intentional walks issued to Robinson before that year would be reflected in the walk (BB) category.

     


              Materi Sejarah Kls.XII IPS SMANDAKOSTA        

    PERISTIWA SEKITAR PROKLAMASI 17 AGUSTUS 1945


    A.   PEMBENTUKAN BPUPKI
    Pada tahun 1944 Saipan jatuh ke tangan Sekutu. Demikian halnya dengan pasukan Jepang di Papua Nugini, Kepulauan Solomon dan Kepulauan Marshall, dipukul mundur oleh pasukan Sekutu. Dengan demikian seluruh garis pertahanan Jepang di Pasifik sudah hancur dan bayang-bayang kekalahan Jepang mulai nampak. Selanjutnya Jepang mengalami serangan udara di kota Ambon, Makasar, Menado dan Surabaya. Bahkan pasukan Sekutu telah mendarat di daerah-daerah minyak seperti Tarakan dan Balikpapan.
    Dalam situasi kritis tersebut, pada tanggal 1 maret 1945 Letnan Jendral Kumakici Harada, pimpinan pemerintah pendudukan Jepang di Jawa, mengumumkan pembentukan Badan Penyelidik Usaha-usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (Dokuritsu Junbi Cosakai). Pembentukan badan ini bertujuan untuk menyelidiki hal-hal penting menyangkut pembentukan negara Indonesia merdeka. Pengangkatan pengurus ini diumumkan pada tanggal 29 April 1945. dr. K.R.T. Radjiman Wediodiningrat diangkat sebagai ketua (Kaico). Sedangkan yang duduk sebagai Ketua Muda (Fuku Kaico) pertama dijabat oleh seorang Jepang, Shucokan Cirebon yang bernama Icibangase. R.P. Suroso diangkat sebagai Kepala Sekretariat dengan dibantu oleh Toyohito Masuda dan Mr. A.G. Pringgodigdo.
    B.   SIDANG-SIDANG BPUPKI
    Pada tanggal 28 Mei 1945 dilangsungkan upacara peresmian Badan Penyelidik Usaha-usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan bertempat di gedung Cuo Sangi In, Jalan Pejambon (sekarang Gedung Departemen Luar Negeri), Jakarta. Upacara peresmian itu dihadiri pula oleh dua pejabat Jepang, yaitu : Jenderal Itagaki (Panglima Tentara Ketujuh yang bermarkas di Singapura dan Letnan Jenderal Nagano (Panglima Tentara Keenambelas yang baru). Pada kesempatan itu dikibarkan  bendera Jepang, Hinomaru oleh Mr. A.G. Pringgodigdo yang disusul dengan pengibaran bendera Sang Merah Putih oleh Toyohiko Masuda. Peristiwa itu membangkitkan semangat para anggota dalam usaha mempersiapkan kemerdekaan Indonesia.

    Sidang BPUPKI
    Persidangan BPUPKI untuk merumuskan Undang-undang Dasar diawali dengan pembahasan mengenai persoalan “dasar” bagi Negara Indonesia Merdeka. Untuk itulah pada kata pembukaannya, ketua BPUPKI, dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat meminta pandangan para anggota mengenai dasar Negara Indonesia merdeka tersebut. Tokoh yang pertama kali mendapatkan kesempatan untuk mengutarakan rumusan Dasar Negara Indonesia Merdeka adalah Mr. Muh. Yamin. Pada hari pertama persidangan pertama tanggal 29 Mei 1945, Muh. Yamin mengemukakan lima “Azas Dasar Negara Kebangsaan Republik Indonesia” sebagai berikut :
    1.   Peri Kebangsaan;
    2.   Peri Kemanusiaan;
    3.   Peri Ke-Tuhanan;
    4.   Peri Kerakyatan;
    5.   Kesejahteraan Rakyat.
    Dua hari kemudian pada tanggal 31 Mei 1945 Prof. Dr. Mr. Supomo mengajukan Dasar Negara Indonesia Merdeka adalah sebagai berikut :
    1.   persatuan
    2.   kekeluargaan
    3.   keseimbangan
    4.   musyawarah
    5.   keadilan sosial
    Keesokan harinya pada tanggal 1 Juni 1945 berlangsunglah rapat terakhir dalam persidangan pertama itu. Pada kesempatan itulah Ir. Sukarno mengemukakan pidatonya yang kemudian dikenal sebagai “Lahirnya Pancasila”. Keistimewaan pidato Ir. Sukarno adalah selain berisi pandangan mengenai Dasar Negara Indonesia Merdeka, juga berisi usulan mengenai nama bagi dasar negara, yaitu : Pancasila, Trisila, atau Ekasila. “Selanjutnya sidang memilih nama Pancasila sebagai nama dasar negara. Lima dasar negara yang diusulkan oleh Ir. Sukarno adalah sebagai berikut :
    1.   Kebangsaan Indonesia;
    2.   Internasionalisme atau peri-kemanusiaan;
    3.   Mufakat atau demokrasi
    4.   Kesejahteraan sosial;
    5.   Ke-Tuhanan Yang Maha Esa.
    Persidangan pertama BPUPKI berakhir pada tanggal 1 Juni 1945. Sidang tersebut belum menghasilkan keputusan akhir mengenai Dasar Negara Indonesia Merdeka. Selanjutnya diadakan masa “reses” selama satu bulan lebih.
    Pada tanggal 22 Juni 1945 BPUPKI membentuk Panitia Kecil yang beranggotakan 9 orang. Oleh karena itu panitia ini juga disebut sebagai Panitia Sembilan. Anggota-anggota Panitia Sembilan ini adalah sebagai berikut :
    1.   Ir. Sukarno
    2.   Drs. Moh. Hatta
    3.   Muh. Yamin
    4.   Mr. Ahmad Subardjo
    5.   Mr. A.A. Maramis
    6.   Abdulkadir Muzakkir
    7.   K.H. Wachid Hasyim
    8.   K.H. Agus Salim
    9.   Abikusno Tjokrosujoso.
    Musyawarah dari Panitia Sembilan ini kemudian menghasilkan suatu rumusan yang menggambarkan maksud dan tujuan pembentukan Negara Indonesia Merdeka. Oleh Muh.Yamin rumusan itu diberi nama Jakarta Charter atau Piagam Jakarta. Rumusan draft dasar negara Indonesia Merdeka itu adalah :
    1.   Ke-Tuhanan, dengan kewajiban menjalankan Syari’at Islam bagi pemeluk-pemeluknya;
    2.   (menurut) dasar kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab;
    3.   Persatuan Indonesia;
    4.   (dan) kerakyatan yang dipimpin oleh hikmat kebijaksanaan dalam permusyawaratan perwakilan;
    5.   (serta dengan mewujudkan suatu) keadilan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia.
    Pada tanggal 10 Juli 1945 dibahas Rencana Undang-undang Dasar, termasuk soal pembukaan atau preambule-nya oleh sebuah Panitia Perancang Undang-undang Dasar yang diketuai oleh Ir. Sukarno dan beranggotakan 21 orang. Pada tanggal 11 Juli 1945, Panitia Perancang Undang-undang Dasar dengan suara bulat menyetujui isi preambule (pembukaan) yang diambil dari Piagam Jakarta.
    Selanjutnya panitia tersebut membentuk Panitia Kecil Perancang Undang-undang Dasar yang diketuai Prof. Dr. Mr. Supomo dengan anggotanya Mr. Wongsonegoro, Mr. Ahmad Subardjo, Mr. A.A. Maramis, Mr. R.P. Singgih, H. Agus Salim dan Sukiman. Hasil perumusan panitia kecil ini kemudian disempurnakan bahasanya oleh Panitia Penghalus Bahasa yang terdiri dari Husein Djajadiningrat, Agus Salim dan Supomo.
    Persidangan kedua BPUPKI dilaksanakan pada tanggal 14 Juli 1945 dalam rangka menerima laporan Panitia Perancang Undang-undang Dasar. Ir. Sukarno selaku ketua panitia melaporkan tiga hasil, yaitu :
    1.    Pernyataan Indonesia Merdeka;
    2.    Pembukaan Undang-undang Dasar;
    3.    Undang-undang Dasar (batang tubuh);
    C.   AKTIVITAS GOLONGAN MUDA
    Angkatan Moeda Indonesia dan Gerakan Angkatan Baroe Indonesia
    Sebelum BPUPKI dibentuk di Bandung pada tanggal 16 Mei 1945 telah diadakan Kongres Pemuda Seluruh Jawa yang diprakarsai Angkatan Moeda Indonesia. Organisasi itu sebenarnya dibentuk atas inisitaif Jepang pada pertengahan 1944, akan tetapi kemudian berkembang menjadi suatu pergerakan pemuda yang anti-Jepang. Kongres pemuda itu dihadiri oleh lebih 100 utusan pemuda, pelajar dan mahasiswa seluruh Jawa diantaranya Djamal Ali, Chairul Saleh, Anwar Tjokroaminoto, Harsono Tjokroaminoto serta sejumlah mahasiswa Ika Daigaku Jakarta. Kongres menghimbau para pemuda di Jawa hendaknya bersatu dan mempersiapkan diri untuk melaksanakan proklamasi kemerdekaan yang bukan hadiah Jepang. Setelah tiga hari berlangsung kongres akhirnya memutuskan dua buah resolusi, yaitu:
    1.    semua golongan Indonesia, terutama golongan pemuda dipersatukan dan dibulatkan dibawah satu pimpinan nasional.
    2.    dipercepatnya pelaksanaan pernyataan kemerdekaan Indonesia. Walaupun demikian kongres pun akhirnya menyatakan dukungan sepenuhnya dan kerjasama erat dengan Jepang dalam usaha mencapai kemerdekaan.
    Pernyataan tersebut tidak memuaskan beberapa tokoh pemuda yang hadir, seperti utusan dari Jakarta yang dipimpin oleh Sukarni, Harsono Tjokroaminoto dan Chairul Saleh. Mereka bertekad untuk menyiapkan suatu gerakan pemuda yang lebih radikal. Untuk itulah pada tanggal 3 Juni 1945 diadakan suatu pertemuan rahasia di Jakarta untuk membentuk suatu panitia khusus yang diketuai oleh B.M. Diah, dengan anggotanya Sukarni, Sudiro, Sjarif Thajeb, Harsono Tjokroaminoto, Wikana, Chairul Saleh, P. Gultom, Supeno dan Asmara Hadi.
    Pertemuan semacam itu diadakan lagi pada tanggal 15 Juni 1945, yang menghasilkan pembentukan Gerakan Angkatan Baroe Indonesia. Dalam prakteknya kegiatan organisasi itu banyak dikendalikan oleh para pemuda dari Asrama Menteng 31. Tujuan dari gerakan itu, seperti yang tercantum di dalam surat kabar Asia Raja pada pertengahan bulan Juni 1945, menunjukkan sifat gerakan yang lebih radikal sebagai berikut :
    1.    mencapai persatuan kompak di antara seluruh golongan masyarakat Indonesia;
    2.    menanamkan semangat revolusioner massa atas dasar kesadaran mereka sebagai rakyat yang berdaulat;
    3.    membentuk Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia;
    4.    mempersatukan Indonesia bahu-membahu dengan Jepang, tetapi jika perlu gerakan itu bermaksud untuk mencapai kemerdekaan dengan kekuatannya sendiri.
    Gerakan Rakyat Baroe
    Gerakan Rakyat Baroe dibentuk berdasarkan hasil sidang ke-8  Cuo Sangi In yang mengusulkan berdirinya suatu gerakan untuk mengobar-ngobarkan semangat cinta kepada tanah air dan semangat perang. Pembentukan badan ini diperkenankan oleh Saiko Shikikan yang baru, Letnan Jenderal Y. Nagano pada tanggal 2 juli 1945. Susunan pengurus pusat organisasi ini terdiri dari 80 orang. Anggotanya terdiri atas penduduk asli Indonesia dan bangsa Jepang, golongan Cina, golongan Arab dan golongan peranakan Eropa. Tokoh-tokoh pemuda radikal seperti Chairul Saleh, Sukarni, B.M. Diah, Asmara Hadi, Harsono Tjokroaminoto, Wikana, Sudiro, Supeno, Adam Malik, S.K. Trimurti, Sutomo dan Pandu Kartawiguna diikutsertakan dalam organisasi tersebut.
    Tujuan pemerintah Jepang mengangkat wakil-wakil golongan muda di dalam organisasi itu adalah agar pemerintah Jepang dapat mengawasi kegiatan-kegiatan mereka. Sumobuco Mayor Jenderal Nishimura menegaskan bahwa setiap pemuda yang tergabung di dalamnya harus tunduk sepenuhnya kepada Gunseikanbu (pemerintah militer Jepang) dan mereka harus bekerja dibawah pengawasan pejabat-pejabat pemerintah. Dengan demikian berarti kebebasan bergerak para pemuda dibatasi, sehingga timbullah rasa tidak puas. Oleh karena itulah, tatkala Gerakan Rakyat Baroe ini diresmikan pada tanggal 28 Juli 1945, tidak seorang pun pemuda radikal yang bersedia memduduki kursi yang telah disediakan. Sehingga nampak semakin tajam perselisihan paham antara golongan tua dan golongan muda tentang cara melaksanakan pembentukan negara Indonesia Merdeka.
    D.   PEMBENTUKAN PPKI
    Pada tanggal 7 Agustus 1945 BPUPKI dibubarkan. Sebagai gantinya pemerintah pendudukan Jepang membentuk PPKI (Dokuritsu Junbi Inkai). Sebanyak 21 anggota PPKI yang terpilih tidak hanya terbatas pada wakil-wakil dari Jawa yang berada di bawah pemerintahan Tentara Keenambelas, tetapi juga dari berbagai pulau, yaitu : 12 wakil dari Jawa, 3 wakil dari Sumatera, 2 wakil dari Sulawesi, seorang dari Kalimantan, seorang dari Sunda Kecil (Nusatenggara), seorang dari Maluku dan seorang lagi dari golongan penduduk Cina. Ir. Sukarno ditunjuk sebagai ketua PPKI dan Drs. Moh. Hatta ditunjuk sebagai wakil ketuanya. Sedangkan Mr. Ahmad Subardjo ditunjuk sebagai penasehatnya.
    Kepada para anggota PPKI, Gunseikan Mayor Jenderal Yamamoto menegaskan bahwa para anggota PPKI tidak hanya dipilih oleh pejabat di lingkungan Tentara Keenambelas, akan tetapi oleh Jenderal Besar Terauci sendiri yang menjadi penguasa perang tertinggi di seluruh Asia Tenggara.
    Dalam rangka pengangkatan itulah, Jenderal Besar Terauci memanggil tiga tokoh Pergerakan Nasional, yaitu Ir. Sukarno, Drs. Moh. Hatta dan dr. Radjiman Wediodiningrat. Pada tanggal 9 Agustus 1945 mereka berangkat menuju markas besar Terauci di Dalat, Vietnam Selatan. Dalam pertemuan di Dalat pada  tanggal 12 Agustus 1945 Jenderal Besar Terauci menyampaikan kepada ketiga tokoh itu bahwa Pemerintah Kemaharajaan telah memutuskan untuk memberikan kemerdekaan kepada Indonesia. Pelaksanaannya dapat dilakukan segera setelah persiapannya selesai oleh PPKI. Wilayah Indonesia akan meliputi seluruh bekas wilayah Hindia Belanda.
    Ketika ketiga tokoh itu berangkat kembali menuju Jakarta pada tanggal 14 Agustus 1945, Jepang telah dibom atom oleh Sekutu di kota Hirosima dan Nagasaki. Bahkan Uni Soviet mengingkari janjinya dan menyatakan perang terhadap Jepang seraya melakukan penyerbuan ke Manchuria. Dengan demikian dapat diramalkan bahwa kekalahan Jepang akan segera terjadi. Keesokan harinya, pada tanggal 15 Agustus 1945 Sukarno-Hatta tiba kembali di tanah air. Dengan bangganya Ir. Sukarno berkata : “Sewaktu-waktu kita dapat merdeka; soalnya hanya tergantung kepada saya dan kemauan rakyat memperbarui tekadnya meneruskan perang suci Dai Tao ini. Kalau dahulu saya berkata ‘Sebelum jagung berbuah, Indonesia akan merdeka : sekarang saya dapat memastikan Indonesia akan merdeka, sebelum jagung berbuah.” Perkataan itu menunjukkan bahwa Ir. Sukarno pada saat itu belum mengetahui bahwa Jepang telah menyerah kepada Sekutu.
    E.   PERBEDAAN PENDAPAT ANTARA GOLONGAN TUA DAN GOLONGAN MUDA
    Berita tentang kekalahan Jepang, diketahui oleh sebagian golongan muda melalui radio siaran luar negeri. Pada malam harinya Sutan syahrir menyampaikan berita itu kepada Moh. Hatta. Syahrir juga menanyakan mengenai kemerdekaan Indonesia sehubungan dengan peristiwa tersebut. Moh. Hatta berjanji akan menanyakan hal itu kepada Gunseikanbu. Setelah yakin bahwa Jepang telah menyerah kepada Sekutu, Moh. Hatta mengambil keputusan untuk segera mengundang anggota PPKI.
    Selanjutnya golongan muda mengadakan rapat di salah satu ruangan Lembaga Bakteriologi di Jalan Pegangsaan Timur, Jakarta. Rapat dilaksanakan pada tanggal 15 agustus 1945, pukul 20.30 waktu Jawa. Rapat yang dipimpin oleh Chairul Saleh itu menghasilkan keputusan  â€œ kemerdekaan  Indonesia adalah hak dan soal rakyat Indonesia sendiri, tak dapat digantungkan pada orang dan negara lain. Segala ikatan dan hubungan dengan janji kemerdekaan dari Jepang harus diputuskan dan sebaliknya diharapkan diadakan perundingan dengan golongan muda agar mereka diikutsertakan dalam pernyataan proklamasi.”
    Keputusan rapat itu disampaikan oleh Wikana dan Darwis pada pukul 22.30 waktu Jawa kepada Ir. Sukarno di rumahnya, Jl. Pegangsaan Timur 56, Jakarta.  Kedua utusan tersebut segera menyampaikan keputusan golongan muda agar Ir. Sukarno segera memproklamasikan kemerdekaan Indonesia tanpa menunggu hadiah dari Jepang. Tuntutan Wikana yang disertai ancaman bahwa akan terjadi pertumpahan darah jika Ir. Sukarno tidak menyatakan proklamasi keesokan harinya telah menimbulkan ketegangan. Ir. Sukarno marah dan berkata “Ini leher saya, seretlah saya ke pojok itu dan sudahilah nyawa saya malam ini juga, jangan menunggu sampai besok. Saya tidak bisa melepaskan tanggungjawab saya sebagai ketua PPKI.  Karena itu saya tanyakan kepada wakil-wakil PPKI besok”.  Ketegangan itu juga disaksikan oleh golongan tua lainnya seperti : Drs. Moh. Hatta, dr. Buntaran, dr. Samsi, Mr. Ahmad Subardjo dan Iwa Kusumasumantri.
    Dalam diskusi antara Darwis dan Wikana, Moh. Hatta berkata, “Dan kami pun tak dapat ditarik-tarik atau didesak supaya mesti juga mengumumkan proklamasi itu. Kecuali jiak Saudara-saudara memang sudah siap dan sanggup memproklamasikan. Cobalah! Saya pun ingin melihat kesanggupan Saudara-saudara !” Utusan itu pun menjawab “Kalau begitu pendirian Saudara-saudara berdua, baiklah ! Dan kami pemuda-pemuda tidak dapat menanggung sesuatu, jika besok siang proklamasi belum juga diumumkan. Kami pemuda-pemuda akan bertindak dan menunjukkan kesanggupan yang saudara kehendaki itu!”
    F.   PERISTIWA RENGASDENGKLOK
    Sekitar pukul 12.00 kedua utusan meninggalkan halaman rumah Ir. Sukarno dengan diliputi perasaan kesal memikirkan sikap dan perkataan sukarno-Hatta. Sesampainya mereka di tempat rapat, mereka melaporkan semuanya. Menanggapi hal itu  kembali golongan muda mengadakan rapat dini hari tanggal 16 Agustus 1945 di asrama Baperpi, Jalan Cikini 71, Jakarta. Selain dihadiri oleh para pemuda yang mengikuti rapat sebelumnya, rapat ini juga dihadiri juga oleh Sukarni, Jusuf Kunto, dr. Muwardi dari Barisan Pelopor dan Shudanco Singgih dari Daidan PETA Jakarta Syu. Rapat ini membuat keputusan “menyingkirkan Ir. Sukarno dan Drs. Moh. Hatta ke luar kota dengan tujuan untuk menjauhkan mereka dari segala pengaruh Jepang”. Untuk menghindari kecurigaan dari pihak Jepang, Shudanco Singgih mendapatkan kepercayaan untuk melaksanakan rencana tersebut.
    Rencana ini berjalan lancar karena mendapatkan dukungan perlengkapan Tentara PETA dari Cudanco Latief Hendraningrat yang pada saat itu sedang menggantikan Daidanco Kasman Singodimedjo yang sedang bertugas ke Bandung. Maka pada tanggal 16 Agustus 1945 pukul 04.30 waktu Jawa sekelompok pemuda membawa Ir. Sukarno dan Drs. Moh. Hatta ke luar kota menuju Rengasdengklok, sebuah kota kawedanan di pantai utara Kabupaten Karawang. Alasan yang mereka kemukakan ialah bahwa keadaan di kota sangat genting, sehingga keamanan Sukarno-Hatta di dalam kota sangat dikhawatirkan. Tempat yang dituju merupakan kedudukan sebuah cudan (kompi) tentara PETA Rengasdengklok dengan komandannya Cudanco Subeno.
    Sehari penuh Sukarno dan Hatta berada di Rengasdengklok. Kewibawaan yang besar dari kedua tokoh ini membuat para pemuda segan untuk melakukan penekanan lebih jauh. Namun dalam suatu pembicaraan berdua dengan Ir. Sukarno, Shudanco Singgih beranggapan Sukarno bersedia untuk menyatakan proklamasi segera setelah kembali ke Jakarta. Oleh karena itulah Singgih pada tengah hari itu kembali ke Jakarta untuk menyampaikan rencana proklamasi kepada kawan-kawannya.
    Sementara itu di Jakarta para anggota PPKI yang diundang rapat pada tanggal 16 agustus memenuhi undangannya dan berkumpul di gedung Pejambon 2. Akan tetapi rapat itu tidak dapat dihadiri oleh pengundangnya Sukarno-Hatta yang sedang berada di Rengasdengklok. Oleh karena itu mereka merasa heran. Satu-satu jalan untuk mengetahui mereka adalah melalui Wikana salah satu utusan yang bersitegang dengan Sukarno-Hatta malam harinya. Oleh karena itulah Mr. Ahmad Subardjo mendekati Wikana. Selanjutnya antara kedua tokoh golongan tua dan tokoh golongan muda itu tercapai kesepakatan bahwa Proklamasi Kemerdekaan harus dilaksanakan di Jakarta. Karena adanya kesepakatan itu, maka Jusuf Kunto dari golongan muda bersedia mengantarkan Mr. Ahmad Subardjo bersama sekretarisnya, Sudiro (Mbah) ke Rengasdengklok. Rombongan ini tiba pada pukul 18.00 waktu Jawa. Selanjutnya Ahmad Subardjo memberikan jaminan dengan taruhan nyawa bahwa Proklamasi Kemerdekaan akan diumumkan pada keesokan harinya tanggal 17 Agustus 1945 selambat-lambatnya pukul 12.00. Dengan adanya jaminan itu, maka komandan kompi PETA Rengasdengklok, Cudanco Subeno bersedia melepaskan Ir. Sukarno dan Drs. Moh Hatta kembali ke Jakarta.
    G.   PERUMUSAN TEKS PROKLAMASI
    Rombongan tiba kembali di Jakarta pada pukul 23.30 waktu Jawa. Setelah Sukarno dan Hatta singgah di rumah masing-masing rombongan kemudian menuju ke rumah Laksamana Maeda di Jalan Imam Bonjol No. 1, Jakarta (sekarang Perpustakaan Nasional). Hal itu juga disebabkan Laksamana Tadashi Maeda telah menyampaikan kepada Ahmad Subardjo  (sebagai salah satu pekerja di kantor Laksamana Maeda) bahwa ia menjamin keselamatan mereka selama berada di rumahnya.
    Sebelum mereka memulai merumuskan naskah proklamasi, terlebih dahulu Sukarno dan Hatta menemui Somubuco (Kepala Pemerintahan Umum) Mayor Jenderal Nishimura, untuk menjajagi sikapnya mengenai Proklamasi Kemerdekaan. Mereka ditemani oleh Laksamana Maeda, Shigetada Nishijima dan Tomegoro Yoshizumi serta Miyoshi sebagai penterjemah. Pertemuan itu tidak mencapai kata sepakat. Nishimura menegaskan bahwa garis kebijakan Panglima Tentara Keenambelas di Jawa adalah “dengan menyerahnya Jepang kepada sekutu berlaku ketentuan bahwa tentara Jepang tidak diperbolehkan lagi merubah status quo (status politik Indonesia). Sejak tengah hari sebelumnya tentara Jepang semata-mata sudah merupakan alat Sekutu dan diharuskan tunduk kepada sekutu”. Berdasarkan garis kebijakan itu Nishimura melarang Sukarno-Hatta untuk mengadakan rapat PPKI dalam rangka proklamasi kemerdekaan.
    Sampailah Sukarno-Hatta pada kesimpulan bahwa tidak ada gunanya lagi membicarakan kemerdekaan Indonesia dengan pihak Jepang. Akhirnya mereka hanya mengharapkan pihak Jepang tidak menghalang-halangi pelaksanaan proklamasi yang akan dilaksanakan oleh rakyat Indonesia sendiri. Maka mereka kembali ke rumah Laksamana Maeda. Sebagai tuan rumah Maeda mengundurkan diri ke lantai dua. Sedangkan di ruang makan, naskah proklamasi dirumuskan oleh tiga tokoh golongan tua, yaitu : Ir. Sukarno, Drs. Moh. Hatta dan Mr. Ahmad Subardjo. Peristiwa ini disaksikan oleh Miyoshi sebagai orang kepercayaan Nishimura, bersama dengan tiga orang tokoh pemuda lainnya, yaitu : Sukarni, Mbah Diro dan B.M. Diah. Sementara itu tokoh-tokoh lainnya, baik dari golongan muda maupun golongan tua menunggu di serambi muka.
    Ir. Sukarno yang menuliskan konsep naskah proklamasi, sedangkan Drs. Moh. Hatta dan Mr Ahmad Subardjo menyumbangkan pikiran secara lisan. Kalimat pertama dari naskah proklamasi merupakan saran dari Mr. Ahmad Subardjo yang diambil dari rumusan BPUPKI. Sedangkan kalimat terakhir merupakan sumbangan pikiran dari Drs. Moh. Hatta. Hal itu disebabkan menurut beliau perlu adanya tambahan pernyataan pengalihan kekuasaan (transfer of sovereignty). Sehingga naskah proklamasi yang dihasilkan adalah sebagai berikut :
    Proklamasi
    Kami bangsa Indonesia dengan ini menjatakan kemerdekaan Indonesia.
    Hal-2 jang mengenai pemindahan kekoeasaan d.l.l., diselengarakan dengan tjara seksama dan dalam tempoh jang sesingkat-singkatnja
    Djakarta, 17 – 8 –‘05
    Wakil-2 bangsa Indonesia,
    Pada pukul 04.30 waktu Jawa konsep naskah proklamasi selesai disusun. Selanjutnya mereka menuju ke serambi muka menemui para hadirin yang menunggu. Ir. Sukarno memulai membuka pertemuan dengan membacakan naskah proklamasi yang masih merupakan konsep tersebut. Ir. Sukarno meminta kepada semua hadirin untuk menandatangani naskah proklamasi selaku wakil-wakil bangsa Indonesia. Pendapat itu diperkuat oleh Moh. Hatta dengan mengambil contoh naskah “Declaration of Independence” dari Amerika Serikat. Usulan tersebut ditentang oleh tokoh-tokoh pemuda. Karena mereka beranggapan bahwa sebagian tokoh-tokoh tua yang hadir adalah “budak-budak” Jepang. Selanjutnya Sukarni, salah satu tokoh golongan muda, mengusulkan agar yang menandatangani naskah proklamasi cukup Sukarno-Hatta atas nama bangsa Indonesia.
    Setelah usulan Sukarni itu disetujui, maka Ir. Sukarno meminta kepada Sajuti Melik untuk mengetik naskah tulisan tangan Sukarno tersebut, dengan disertai perubahan-perubahan yang telah disepakati. Ada tiga perubahan yang terdapat pada naskah ketikan Sajuti Melik, yaitu : kata “tempoh” diganti “tempo”, sedangkan kata “wakil-wakil bangsa Indonesia” diganti dengan “Atas nama bangsa Indonesia”. Perubahan juga dilakukan dalam cara menuliskan tanggal, yaitu “Djakarta, 17-8-05” menjadi “Djakarta, hari 17 boelan 8 tahoen ‘05”. Sehingga naskah proklamasi ketikan Sajuti Melik itu, adalah sebagai berikut :
    PROKLAMASI
    Kami bangsa Indonesia dengan ini menjatakan Kemerdekaan Indonesia.
    Hal-hal jang mengenai pemindahan kekoeasaan d.l.l., diselengarakan dengan tjara seksama dan dalam tempoh jang sesingkat-singkatnja
    Djakarta, hari 17 boelan 8 tahoen ‘05
    Atas nama bangsa Indonesia,
    Soekarno/Hatta
    (tandatangan Sukarno)
    (tandatangan Hatta)
    Selanjutnya timbul persoalan dimanakah proklamasi akan diselenggarakan. Sukarni mengusulkan bahwa Lapangan Ikada (sekarang bagian tenggara lapangan Monumen Nasional) telah dipersiapkan bagi berkumpulnya masyarakat Jakarta untuk mendengar pembacaan naskah Proklamasi. Namun Ir. Sukarno menganggap lapangan Ikada adalah salah satu lapangan umum yang dapat menimbulkan bentrokan antara rakyat dengan pihak militer Jepang. Oleh karena itu Bung Karno mengusulkan agar upacara proklamasi dilaksanakan di rumahnya, di Jalan Pegangsaan Timur No. 56 dan disetujui oleh para hadirin.
    H.   PELAKSANAAN PROKLAMASI KEMERDEKAAN 17 AGUSTUS 1945
    Pada pukul 05.00 waktu Jawa tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, para pemimpin Indonesia dari golongan tua dan golongan muda keluar dari rumah Laksamana Maeda. Mereka pulang ke rumah masing-masing setelah berhasil merumuskan naskah proklamasi. Mereka telah sepakat untuk memproklamasikan kemerdekaan pada pukul 10.30 waktu Jawa atau pukul 10.00 WIB sekarang. Sebelum pulang Bung Hatta berpesan kepada para pemuda yang bekerja di kantor berita dan pers, utamanya B.M. Diah untuk memperbanyak teks proklamasi dan menyiarkannya ke seluruh dunia.
    Pagi hari itu, rumah Ir. Sukarno dipadati oleh sejumlah massa pemuda yang berbaris dengan tertib. Untuk menjaga keamanan upacara pembacaan proklamasi, dr. Muwardi (Kepala Keamanan Ir. Sukarno) meminta kepada Cudanco Latief Hendraningrat untuk menugaskan anak buahnya berjaga-jaga di sekitar rumah Ir. Sukarno. Sedangkan Wakil Walikota Suwirjo memerintahkan kepada Mr. Wilopo untuk mempersiapkan  pengeras suara. Untuk itu Mr. Wilopo dan Nyonopranowo pergi ke rumah Gunawan pemilik toko radio Satria di Jl. Salemba Tengah 24, untuk meminjam mikrofon dan pengeras suara. Sudiro yang pada waktu itu juga merangkap sebagai sekretaris Ir. Sukarno memerintahkan kepada S. Suhud (Komandan Pengawal Rumah Ir. Sukarno) untuk menyiapkan tiang bendera. Suhud kemudian mencari sebatang bambu di belakang rumah. Bendera yang akan dikibarkan sudah dipersiapkan oleh Nyonya Fatmawati.
    Menjelang pukul 10.30 para pemimpin bangsa Indonesia telah berdatangan ke Jalan Pegangsaan Timur. Diantara mereka nampak Mr. A.A. Maramis, Ki Hajar Dewantara, Sam Ratulangi, K.H. Mas Mansur, Mr. Sartono, M. Tabrani, A.G. Pringgodigdo dan sebagainya. Adapun susunan acara yang telah dipersiapkan adalah sebagai berikut:
    Pertama, Pembacaan Proklamasi;
    Kedua, Pengibaran Bendera Merah Putih;
    Ketiga, Sambutan Walikota Suwirjo dan Muwardi.
    Lima menit sebelum acara dimulai, Bung Hatta datang dengan berpakaian putih-putih. Setelah semuanya siap, Latief Hendraningrat memberikan aba-aba kepada seluruh barisan pemuda dan mereka pun kemudian berdiri tegak dengan sikap sempurna. Selanjutnya Latif mempersilahkan kepada Ir. Sukarno dan Moh. Hatta. Dengan suara yang mantap Bung Karno mengucapkan pidato pendahuluan singkat yang dilanjutkan dengan pembacaan teks proklamasi.
    Acara dilanjutkan dengan pengibaran bendera Merah Putih. S. Suhud mengambil bendera dari atas baki yang telah disediakan dan mengikatkannya pada tali dengan bantuan Cudanco Latif Hendraningrat. Bendera dinaikkan perlahan-lahan. Tanpa dikomando para hadirin spontan menyanyikan Indonesia Raya. Acara selanjutnya adalah  sambutan dari Walikota Suwirjo dan dr. Muwardi.
    Berita proklamasi yang sudah meluas di seluruh Jakarta disebarkan ke seluruh Indonesia. Pagi hari itu juga, teks proklamsi telah sampai di tangan Kepala Bagian Radio dari Kantor Berita Domei, Waidan B. Palenewen. Segera ia memerintahkan F. Wuz untuk menyiarkan tiga kali berturut-turut. Baru dua kali F. Wuz menyiarkan berita itu, masuklah orang Jepang ke ruangan radio. Dengan marah-marah orang Jepang itu memerintahkan agar penyiaran berita itu dihentikan. Tetapi Waidan memerintahkan kepada F. Wuz untuk terus menyiarkannya. Bahkan berita itu kemudian diulang setiap setengah jam sampai pukul 16.00 saat siaran radio itu berhenti. Akibatnya, pucuk pimpinan tentara Jepang di Jawa memerintahkan untuk meralat berita itu. Dan pada hari Senin tanggal 20 Agustus 1945 pemancar itu disegel dan pegawainya dilarang masuk.
    Walaupun demikian para tokoh pemuda tidak kehilangan akal. Mereka membuat pemancar baru dengan bantuan beberapa orang tehnisi radio, seperti : Sukarman, Sutamto, Susilahardja dan Suhandar. Sedangkan alat-alat pemancar mereka ambil bagian-demi bagian dari kantor betita Domei, kemudian dibawa ke Jalan Menteng 31. Maka terciptalah pemancar baru di Jalan Menteng 31. Dari sinilah seterusnya berita proklamasi disiarkan.
    Selain lewat radio, berita proklamasi juga disiarkan lewat pers dan surat selebaran. Hampir seluruh harian di Jawa dalam penerbitannya tanggal 20 Agustus 1945 memuat berita proklamasi dan Undang-undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia

              [news/commentary] Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs - Part I        
    Thursday, September 16, 2004
    Dateline: China
     
    New column on the AlwaysOn Network.  It's on the potential downside of offshoring (the downside for the States, that is).  For the next five days, see http://www.alwayson-network.com ; the permanent link is at http://tinyurl.com/4e4q4 .  It got the ire of a lot of readers and a lot of views (I'm projecting nearly 500 in less than one day).  The article which was the basis for my column is getting a lot of attention in the States.  Worth reading.
     
    Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs -- Part I
     
    First, a bit of commentary.  One thing all smart SIs (systems integrators) do is develop partnerships and alliances with ISVs (independent software vendors, i.e., software publishers/software companies in a broad sense).  Of course, it's difficult to be the 1,000th entrant in the game and expect to get any traction/assistance from your ISV partner.
     
    SIs in China ALWAYS use the approach of offering localization services and OFTEN offer to help push an ISV's product within the domestic market in China.  Frankly, this is what the (usually American) ISV wants, too.  Does this strategy work?  Well, sometimes.  However, even in the case of high profile alliances such as some of those Microsoft has in China (and I won't name names to protect the innocent), it's really nothing more than window dressing.  Everything looks good on paper, but the reality is something quite different.
     
    Regardless, this does NOT address the need and desire for SIs in China to build their market in the States.  And when this issue becomes center stage, ISVs frequently respond with something bordering on contempt.  Some ISVs are getting clued that their American channel partners absolutely need partners in China and other low(er)-cost development areas in order to win bids.  Let's face it, it's all about closing deals.  And if an ISV's competitors have channel partners which can put together winning bids, perhaps in part (and perhaps in LARGE part) due to an offshoring component with their channel partner's SI partner(s) in China, then the ISV with an indirect link to China has a competitive advantage.  I don't view this as a sufficient condition to winning bids, but it's increasingly a necessary condition.
     
    Clued ISVs want their American channel partners to have an offshoring option, but this requires that their channel partners have relationships with SIs in a country such as China.  But ISVs tend to focus their channel development efforts on their American partners and might develop a couple/few relationships in China, but usually NOT tied to their channel development efforts in the States.  Goofy and shortsighted, to say the least.
     
    But how can SIs in China get traction with American ISVs, especially since they're almost always late to the game (in other words, the American ISV already has a well-developed channel)?  The answer (or, at least one answer):  Focus on servicing the needs of SMEs (small and medium enterprises, which is also referred to as "SMBs" -- small and medium businesses).
     
    There's another reason this makes sense:  Most of the SIs in China are already focused on servicing SMEs/SMBs in China.  It might be nice to bag a large SOE (state-owned enterprise), but the reality is that most firms in China, especially the burgeoning number of privately-held firms, are SMEs by definition.  Hence, the experiences gained by SIs in China is already within the same market, although I'd be the first person to warn than company size and even similar domains does not necessarily equate to directly transferable skills.  Fact is, things in China are often quite different from the way they are in the States, especially in a "hot" ITO (IT outsourcing) market like financial services.  More about this in a forthcoming postingBottom line:  Give serious thought to targeting the SMB/SME market in the States.  (Part II of this commentary might be a while in coming.)
     
    IT Tidbits
     
    Lots of tidbits this week.
     
    Controlling project costs.  My favorites:  Scope creep, not understanding project financing, "big-bang" projects, overtesting (although I'm not sure I agree with this one), poor estimating.  Good stuff, with recommended solutions.  See http://tinyurl.com/6rfkg .
     
    Challenges for China's SIs.  Adapted from a Forrester report.   For starters, how about:  Improving account management (are there really any account managers in China, or at least any who can manage accounts with U.S. clients?   ), moving away from technology-centric messages that often alienate business buyers (better yet, moving away from messages in Chinglish), investing in vertical-specific skills (how many times have I said this?) and becoming more multicultural organizations (yes, and let's start with learning English!).  See http://tinyurl.com/4avfo .
     
    "Yee Haw" as an outsourcing option.  Forget India.  Forget China.  Forget the Philippines.  Let's go to Arkansas!!  See http://tinyurl.com/7ya9p .
     
    American start-ups go offshore.  Try Corio (is Corio really a start-up?), CollabNet, Aarohl, Infinera, and many others.  See http://tinyurl.com/3wm3o .  Another good article with a BPO spin in Venture Capital Journal, http://tinyurl.com/4rfsa .
     
    Offshorings mixed results.  "Vietnam and Myanmar were also in demand ..."  Really?  See http://tinyurl.com/647ap .
     
    Looking for SI partners?  Kennedy ranks the largest firms.  As I've said in the past, I like their reports.  (No, I don't get a cut.)  Satyam and TCS didn't make the grade, though.  See http://tinyurl.com/4s965 .
     
    Another challenge to conventional outsourcing and offshoring "wisdom."   "Services-driven development models, such as the one at work in India, broaden the global competitive playing field.  As a result, new pressures are brought to bear on hiring and real wages in the developed world - pressures that are not inconsequential in shaping the jobless recoveries unfolding in high-cost wealthy nations.  For those in the developed world, successful services- and manufacturing-based development models in heavily populated countries such as India and China - pose the toughest question of all: what about us?"  For more, see http://tinyurl.com/4acm4 .
     
    Forget the Golden Triangle.  How about China + India vs. the world (or, sans the world)?  "Newspaper headlines portray China as the world's manufacturing base for low-cost goods, like clothing and shoes, and India as the global IT monopoly-to-be.  Unfortunately, media outside Asia have failed to acknowledge the growing partnership between the two giants."  "Given the complementary nature of their economies and the size of their markets (nearly 2.2 billion people in total), the nascent cooperation between the two holds the potential to dramatically alter the world trade balance.  A perusal of the Shanghai technology corridor reveals a hint of the countries' industrial interconnectedness.  Walk through one of the main complexes in Shanghai's Pudong Software Park, and you will see a prominently displayed sign for Infosys, one of India's most respected IT firms.  The same complex also holds Satyam, the first of India's software service companies to set up offices in Shanghai.  Nearby are the headquarters of the largest software services company in Asia, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), which currently runs an outsourcing center for GE in the town of Hangzhou.  TCS is owned by the Tatas, one of India's most prominent business families.  Across the river is NIIT, the principal software training center in India's private sector.  NIIT, operating in China since 1998, now runs an extensive two-year course in 25 provinces, training around 20,000 students to be software professionals.  There is widespread speculation that Wipro, India's only giant IT firm without a presence in the city, will establish a Shanghai office very soon.  It is no surprise that Indian software companies are setting up in China. They, like everyone else, sense great opportunity in one of the largest, fastest-growing economies in the world."  (Bold is my emphasis.)  All true, and they even forget MphasiS.  See one of my must-read sources, YaleGlobalhttp://tinyurl.com/6ltaz .
     
    The partnering wave of the future.  I've talked about this many times in previous postings.  This time CTG dances with Polaris Software.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tbqd .
     
    CMMi:  The key to success.  A little simplistic and uses incorrect definitions, but still worth reading.  See http://tinyurl.com/4gp9u .
     
     
     
     
     
    How about Microsoft vs. China in an AO "Grudge Match"?  See a lengthy article in CFO titled, "Does Microsoft need China?"; link at http://tinyurl.com/476bo .  China: The champion of open source!!
     
     
    Business creativity 101.  "A new book from Wharton School Publishing, The Power of Impossible Thinking by Jerry Wind and Colin Crook prompts you to rethink your mental models and transform them to help you achieve new levels of creativity. In this book, the authors give a set of guidelines on how to see differently."  Examples:  Listen to the radicals; embark on journeys of discovery; look across disciplines.  See http://tinyurl.com/6fvo8 .
     
    The innovator's battle plan.  "Great firms can be undone by disruptors who analyze and exploit an incumbent's strengths and motivations.  From Clayton Christensen's new book Seeing What's Next."  GREAT stuff (although John Dvorak won't like it).  What about asymmetric warfare theories applied to the realm of corporate innovation and creativity?  Just a thought ...  See http://tinyurl.com/6mbcy .
     
    Your next competitors?  Have you thought about Senegal, Uganda, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, especially in the BPO space?  See http://tinyurl.com/5h93z .
     
    Message to product companies: go sell services!!  Interesting take from a VMI perspective.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tqrt .
     
    Don't know much about bloggin'?  Good take on the various types of corporate blogs.  See http://tinyurl.com/6my29 .
     
    Urls as web services?  You have to read it to get it.  Might be a bit too much for the uninitiated ...  See http://tinyurl.com/563gm .
     
    Joel is back and blogging!!  Joel takes on Jakob Nielsen in "it's not just usability."  See http://tinyurl.com/6msmm .
     
    How about open source software for HPC?  See http://tinyurl.com/5qzleWARNING: Geek alert, geek alert!!
     
    Saving the best for last: a piece on Woz.  See http://tinyurl.com/4szjf .
     
    TTFN.  Expect a urls update before I go back to the States.
     
    Cheers,
     
    David Scott Lewis
    President & Principal Analyst
    IT E-Strategies, Inc.
    Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
     
    http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
    http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
    http://tinyurl.com/2azkh (current blog postings for viewing in other browsers and for access to blog content archives in the US & ROW)
    http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
     
     
    To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
     

              [news] Cognizant & the "Intelligent Internet" + a Peek at 2005 IT Budgets (Part 2 of 2)        
    Sunday, August 1, 2004
    Dateline: China
     
    Ah, the World Future Society.  Much to say about the WFS, but I'll save it for the end of this post.  An article which appears in the March-April 2004 issue of The Futurist was reprinted in a recent issue of Government Computer News (see http://tinyurl.com/yrp2w ); the original paper which was the basis for The Futurist article is also available (see http://tinyurl.com/5ymos ).  The article focuses heavily on findings from the TechCast Project at George Washington University (see http://www.techcast.org ; BTW, they're seeking beta testers).
     
    The article acknowledges hype during the bubble, but goes on to indicate that 20 commercial aspects of Internet use should reach 30% "take-off" adoption levels over the next several years -- and will rejuvenate the (American) economy.  One area of particular interest is a "conversational" human-computer interface, called "TeleLiving," based on advances in speech recognition, AI, hardware/grid computing, virtual environments and flat wall monitors.  (Sounds like stuff out of PARC and Microsoft Research.)
     
    Their Project results "portray a striking scenario in which the dominate forms of e-commerce - broadband, business-to-business (B2B), online finance, entertainment-on-demand, wireless, e-training, knowledge-on-demand, electronic public services, online publishing, e-tailing - grow from their present 5%-20% adoption levels to 30% between 2004 and 2010.  TechCast considers the 30% penetration level significant because this roughly marks the 'take-off point' when technologies move from their early-adopter phase into the mainstream, where they permeate economic and social life."  (Think of chasm crossing.  Also think of expeditionary marketing within the context of broadband.  BTW, bolded and colored items are MY emphasis.)
     
    The authors discuss the notion that many think that the Internet is already mainstream, yet challenge that notion by stating that this is true only for nonpaying use, citing surfing for free information as one example.  "As of 2003, commercial operations involving monetary exchange were limited to about 23% for broadband, 10% for e-tailing, 12% for B2B, 10% for distance learning, and 5% for music.  And these are the most popular Internet applications.  Others hardly register in adoption levels at all."  Bottom line:  It's all about e-commerce, I guess.  Jerry Maguire said it best. 
     
    A Look at 2005 IT Spending
     
    Not as much as I had originally hoped for in the Forrester glimpse at 2005 IT budgets, but some things to note.  (See http://tinyurl.com/67pse .)  Example:  52% of finance and insurance firms -- led by insurers -- will spend more on IT in 2005.  Okay, sounds like an opportunity for SIs (systems integrators) building .NET solutions.  (For those who don't know, Microsoft has fairly strong solutions for the insurance vertical.)  At the subvertical level, media and nongovernment public sector plays look good, whereas the utilities and transportation sectors look weak.  Also, Siebel and PeopleSoft customers are planning to spend more on IT relative to customers of other key vendors, most notably SAP.  (I don't see this, but I don't dispute their data.  Frankly, I think we'll see a lot of activity for SAP SIs in 2005.  P'Soft is too hard to tell, especially with the confusion caused by Oracle.  Oracle benefits whether the acquisition goes through or not!!  It's the FUD factor.)
     
    Not to be outdone, AMR came out with their peek at 2005 budgets for SMEs (small and medium enterprises).  (See http://tinyurl.com/5vlvo .  I got a lot more out of the AMR report.)  Something that is rather common knowledge among IT analysts, but may not be known by those not involved in the IT budgeting process, is that a typical large U.S. manufacturer spends 2% of its annual revs (i.e., revenues) on IT and a large service firm spends 5%.  However, the average for U.S. SMEs is 6.4% of revs, although a good chunk is for basic IT infrastructure.
     
    CRM looks like a hot item for U.S. SMEs and the AMR report makes an interesting comment about the perceived need for other countries to implement a "keeping up with the Joneses" strategy.  This being said, then domestic firms in China may follow suit.  As far as operating systems are concerned, there is only one:  Windows.  And U.S. SMEs spend about 20% of their IT budget on software and software maintenance, with discrete manufacturers outspending process manufacturers or retailers.  Typical apps are for financial management and customer management, although expensive CRM suites (think Siebel or Oracle) are rare.  Sounds like an opportunity for utility computing vendorsBottom line:  If the SMEs market is your key market (by size), then go with Microsoft CRM solutions!
     
    Fast Forward Over Three Decades
     
    At this point, I'm going to get a bit personal.  If you're not interested, simply skip the remainder of this message:  It briefly covers three decades and my so-called "futurist" origins.
     
    The first "adult" organization I ever joined was the World Future Society.  (Remember, the basis for the first section of this posting was an article published in their flagship publication, The Futurist.)  The year was 1971.  I had been an adolescent "futurist" since March 1968, the month that my father bought me a copy of Sky & Telescope magazine.  Although the Vietnam War was on the news each night, I was simply too young for it to really matter.  Both the war and protests against the war were merely uninspiring TV images.
     
    But something caught my imagination and that "something" was the space program.  I can still recall the liftoff of Apollo 11 on July 16, 1969 at 6:32 am PDT.  Believe it or not, I can still recite the countdown.  I can also recite part of the landing sequence of the Eagle -- the Lunar Excursion Module housing Neil Armstrong and Edwin E. "Buzz" Aldrin.  And, of course, I can remember Neil Armstrong stepping off the foot of the LEM on July 20th, probably around 7 or 7:30 pm.  Two movies also inspired me toward a "tech" future:  The obvious, 2001: A Space Odyssey, and the not-so-obvious, The Andromeda Strain.  (My parents didn't let me stay up to watch Star Trek, so Star Trek didn't have any impact on my life during my early adolescence.)  Although I have been a member of the L-5 Society and the British Interplanetary Society (anyone remember Project Daedalus?), the World Future Society was the most influential organization in my life during my high school years.  Well, a wee bit of personal history.  Those were the good 'ol days ...
     
    Cheers,
     
    David Scott Lewis
    President & Principal Analyst
    IT E-Strategies, Inc.
    Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
     
    http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
    http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
    http://tinyurl.com/2azkh (current blog postings for viewing in other browsers and for access to blog content archives in the US & ROW)
    http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
     
     
    To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
     

              Mafia III Sign of the Times RELOADED-3DMGAME Torrent Free Download        


    Mafia III: Sign of the Times (c) 2K

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    It\'s 1968 and after years of combat in Vietnam, Lincoln Clay knows this
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              TOM CLANCYS GHOST RECON WILDLANDS STEAMPUNKS-3DMGAME Torrent Free Download        


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              Chicago linguists at TAL 5        
    Katie Franich will be presenting “Perception of Tonal Contours in Medumba” at the Tonal Aspects of Language to be held at the University of Buffalo on May 24-27.  Also presenting there is James Kirby (PhD 2013), who is talking about “Tone- melody correspondence in Vietnamese popular song” with his co-author, Bob Ladd.
              The Beckoning of Nuclear War        
    SUBHEAD: A glimpse of sanity, or simple pragmatism, is anathema to our "national security" managers.

    By John Pilger on 4 August 2017 for JohnPilger.com -
    (www.johnpilger.com/articles/on-the-beach-2017-the-beckoning-of-nuclear-war)

    [IB Publisher's note: As much as Trump may not wish a nuclear exchange with Russia, he seems quite amenable to turning North Korea into an ashtray. World War III may begin in  Guam and relay to Hawaii on its way  to the US mainland. Here in Hawaii it may mean Duck and Cover!]


    Image above: Detail of original paperback cover of Nevil Shute's 1957 novel "On the Beach". From (https://www.pinterest.com/pin/267542034087528868).

    In Nevil Shute's book "On the Beach" the US submarine captain says;
    "We've all got to die one day, some sooner and some later. The trouble always has been that you're never ready, because you don't know when it's coming. Well, now we do know and there's nothing to be done about it."
    He says he will be dead by September. It will take about a week to die, though no one can be sure. Animals live the longest.

    The war was over in a month. The United States, Russia and China were the protagonists. It is not clear if it was started by accident or mistake. There was no victor. The northern hemisphere is contaminated and lifeless now.

    A curtain of radioactivity is moving south towards Australia and New Zealand, southern Africa and South America. By September, the last cities, towns and villages will succumb. As in the north, most buildings will remain untouched, some illuminated by the last flickers of electric light.
    This is the way the world ends
    Not with a bang but a whimper

    These two lines from T.S. Eliot's poem The Hollow Men appear at the beginning of Nevil Shute's novel On the Beach, which left me close to tears. The endorsements on the cover said the same.

    Published in 1957 at the height of the Cold War when too many writers were silent or cowed, it is a masterpiece. At first the language suggests a genteel relic; yet nothing I have read on nuclear war is as unyielding in its warning. No book is more urgent.

    Some readers will remember the black and white Hollywood film starring Gregory Peck as the US Navy commander who takes his submarine to Australia to await the silent, formless spectre descending on the last of the living world.

    I read On the Beach for the first time the other day, finishing it as the US Congress passed a law to wage economic war on Russia, the world's second most lethal nuclear power.  There was no justification for this insane vote, except the promise of plunder.

    The "sanctions" are aimed at Europe, too, mainly Germany, which depends on Russian natural gas and on European companies that do legitimate business with Russia. In what passed for debate on Capitol Hill, the more garrulous senators left no doubt that the embargo was designed to force Europe to import expensive American gas.

    Their main aim seems to be war - real war. No provocation as extreme can suggest anything else. They seem to crave it, even though Americans have little idea what war is. The Civil War of 1861-5 was the last on their mainland. War is what the United States does to others.

    The only nation to have used nuclear weapons against human beings, they have since destroyed scores of governments, many of them democracies, and laid to waste whole societies - the million deaths in Iraq were a fraction of the carnage in Indo-China, which President Reagan called "a noble cause" and President Obama revised as the tragedy of an "exceptional people"He was not referring to the Vietnamese.

    Filming last year at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, I overheard a National Parks Service guide lecturing a school party of young teenagers. "Listen up," he said. "We lost 58,000 young soldiers in Vietnam, and they died defending your freedom."

    At a stroke, the truth was inverted. No freedom was defended. Freedom was destroyed. A peasant country was invaded and millions of its people were killed, maimed, dispossessed, poisoned; 60,000 of the invaders took their own lives. Listen up, indeed.

    A lobotomy is performed on each generation. Facts are removed. History is excised and replaced by what Time magazine calls "an eternal present".

    Harold Pinter described this as "manipulation of power worldwide, while masquerading as a force for universal good, a brilliant, even witty, highly successful act of hypnosis [which meant] that it never happened. Nothing ever happened. Even while it was happening it wasn't happening. It didn't matter. It was of no interest."

    Those who call themselves liberals or tendentiously "the left" are eager participants in this manipulation, and its brainwashing, which today revert to one name: Trump.

    Trump is mad, a fascist, a dupe of Russia. He is also a gift for "liberal brains pickled in the formaldehyde of identity politics", wrote Luciana Bohne memorably. The obsession with Trump the man - not Trump as a symptom and caricature of an enduring system - beckons great danger for all of us.

    While they pursue their fossilised anti-Russia agendas, narcissistic media such as the Washington Post, the BBC and the Guardian suppress the essence of the most important political story of our time as they warmonger on a scale I cannot remember in my lifetime.

    On 3 August, in contrast to the acreage the Guardian has given to drivel that the Russians conspired with Trump (reminiscent of the far-right smearing of John Kennedy as a "Soviet agent"), the paper buried, on page 16, news that the President of the United States was forced to sign a Congressional bill declaring economic war on Russia. Unlike every other Trump signing, this was conducted in virtual secrecy and attached with a caveat from Trump himself that it was "clearly unconstitutional".

    A coup against the man in the White House is under way. This is not because he is an odious human being, but because he has consistently made clear he does not want war with Russia.

    This glimpse of sanity, or simple pragmatism, is anathema to the "national security" managers who guard a system based on war, surveillance, armaments, threats and extreme capitalism. Martin Luther King called them "the greatest purveyors of violence in the world today".

    They have encircled Russia and China with missiles and a nuclear arsenal. They have used neo-Nazis to instal an unstable, aggressive regime on Russia's "borderland" - the way through which Hitler invaded, causing the deaths of 27 million people.  Their goal is to dismember the modern Russian Federation.

    In response, "partnership" is a word used incessantly by Vladimir Putin - anything, it seems, that might halt an evangelical drive to war in the United States. Incredulity in Russia may have now turned to fear and perhaps a certain resolution. The Russians almost certainly have war-gamed nuclear counter strikes. Air-raid drills are not uncommon. Their history tells them to get ready.

    The threat is simultaneous. Russia is first, China is next. The US has just completed a huge military exercise with Australia known as Talisman Sabre. They rehearsed a blockade of the Malacca Straits and the South China Sea, through which pass China's economic lifelines.

    The admiral commanding the US Pacific fleet said that, "if required", he would nuke China. That he would say such a thing publicly in the current perfidious atmosphere begins to make fact of Nevil Shute's fiction.

    None of this is considered news. No connection is made as the bloodfest of Passchendaele a century ago is remembered. Honest reporting is no longer welcome in much of the media. Windbags, known as pundits, dominate: editors are infotainment or party line managers. Where there was once sub-editing, there is the liberation of axe-grinding clichés. Those journalists who do not comply are defenestrated.

    The urgency has plenty of precedents. In my film, The Coming War on China, John Bordne, a member of a US Air Force missile combat crew based in Okinawa, Japan, describes how in 1962 - during the Cuban missile crisis - he and his colleagues were "told to launch all the missiles" from their silos.

    Nuclear armed, the missiles were aimed at both China and Russia. A junior officer questioned this, and the order was eventually rescinded - but only after they were issued with service revolvers and ordered to shoot at others in a missile crew if they did not "stand down".

    At the height of the Cold War, the anti-communist hysteria in the United States was such that US officials who were on official business in China were accused of treason and sacked. In 1957 - the year Shute wrote On the Beach - no official in the State Department could speak the language of the world's most populous nation. Mandarin speakers were purged under strictures now echoed in the Congressional bill that has just passed, aimed at Russia.

    The bill was bipartisan. There is no fundamental difference between Democrats and Republicans. The terms "left" and "right" are meaningless. Most of America's modern wars were started not by conservatives, but by liberal Democrats.

    When Obama left office, he presided over a record seven wars, including America's longest war and an unprecedented campaign of extrajudicial killings - murder - by drones.

    In his last year, according to a Council on Foreign Relations study, Obama, the "reluctant liberal warrior", dropped 26,171 bombs - three bombs every hour, 24 hours a day.  Having pledged to help "rid the world" of nuclear weapons, the Nobel Peace Laureate built more nuclear warheads than any president since the Cold War.

    Trump is a wimp by comparison. It was Obama - with his secretary of state Hillary Clinton at his side - who destroyed Libya as a modern state and launched the human stampede to Europe. At home, immigration groups knew him as the "deporter-in-chief".

    One of Obama's last acts as president was to sign a bill that handed a record $618billion to the Pentagon, reflecting the soaring ascendancy of fascist militarism in the governance of the United States. Trump has endorsed this.

    Buried in the detail was the establishment of a "Center for Information Analysis and Response". This is a ministry of truth. It is tasked with providing an "official narrative of facts" that will prepare us for the real possibility of nuclear war - if we allow it.


    Video above: "On the Beach" the complete 1959 movie from Nevil Shute's  novel. From (https://youtu.be/Ue8hC5qqMt4).

    .

              Germany, Vietnam Spar Over Alleged Kidnapping Of Former Oil Executive         
    Germany and Vietnam have found themselves in the middle of a diplomatic row after the disappearance of a former Vietnamese oil executive from the Berlin Zoo last month. Hanoi says Trinh Xuan Thanh — who is wanted in Vietnam on charges of mismanagement that resulted in $150 million in losses at the state-run oil company PetroVietnam — turned himself in. Germany says he was kidnapped at gunpoint by Vietnamese intelligence agents. Thanh, 51, went missing on July 23 after filing an asylum request with the German government. He turned up days later in Vietnam. Hanoi had reportedly asked German officials for Thanh's extradition during the G-20 summit in Hamburg last month, without success. After an investigation into the disappearance, Germany announced Wednesday that it was expelling the Vietnamese intelligence attache. Foreign Ministry spokesman Markus Ederer said in a statement that "there is no longer any serious doubts about the involvement of the Vietnamese services and the Embassy of"
              10 Questions on the Conflict in Syria        
    A potential military strike by Western powers on Syria now appears to be a fait accompli and is being touted as long overdue. Given the spiralling humanitarian disaster that has overtaken the country during the last two years of conflict, continued inaction appears to be an untenable reality. The death toll is now well over 100,000 (although the proportion of civilians to combatants is unclear). There are 2 million refugees, half of whom are children, and over 4 million more internally displaced persons (IDPs), amounting to a quarter of the country's overall population. Yet, it was the apparent chemical weapons attack in the suburbs around Damascus known as Ghouta last week that has served as the impetus for international military intervention into the conflict. Amidst the rhetoric and war rehearsals, clarity on what is really happening seems to be cast aside in the media, in favor of faux-spontaneous leaks, retired generals, and trumpeters of past wars. Here are ten questions to try to set the record straight.


    1. Were chemical weapons used in Syria?

    When the initial attack unfolded last Wednesday, August 21 in the suburbs in Damascus known as Ghouta (near the town/suburb of Jobar), news quickly spread to local, regional and international media. Claims were made of hundreds of deaths, with some activists claiming the death toll was 1,300. Moreover, the Government of Syria immediately denied responsibility and has continued to do so. However, the attack did unfold amidst a series of army strikes on Jobar, which is a rebel-held area, and has been for quite some time. The Government conversely claimed to find chemical weapons supplies in tunnels in the same area, and it is alleged that some Hezbollah fighters were also exposed to chemical toxins.

    A week on, it appears incontrovertible that chemical weapons were used, not just from YouTube videos but also from visits by independent journalists, and of course by a report by Médecins Sans Frontières that has documented at least 355 deaths from local hospitals. It is likely that the chemical agent used was a neurotoxin or nerve gas, most likely sarin gas. What is still not clear, is how they were delivered (i.e. in what form and carried on what type of weapon) and from where.

    It should also be kept in mind that this was not the first attack that has been alleged. There have been numerous claims by rebels, and counter-claims by the government on the use of chemical weapons in the conflict. Here's a map of those events. In fact, this is precisely why the team of UN inspectors had arrived in the country, the day before this latest incident (and massacre) took place. In fact, what is interesting is that their investigation of other sites has now been put on the back-burner due to the latest developments.

    2. Do we know who actually used the chemical weapons? 

    The United States, United Kingdom, and France have all stated they are certain that the Government of Syria has undertaken the attack last week. On the U.S. side, at the forefront of the rhetoric has been Vice President Biden - who has said there is 'no doubt' - and Secretary of State John Kerry, who made an evocative plea for action several days ago. Of course, the next speech is the most important, and it would be one made by President Barack Obama. In light of this certainty, it would be difficult to question the attribution of blame. A leak from the US government also claims to have intercepted a murky call between commanders in the Syrian army that supposedly is evidence of culpability on the Syrian side.

    There is tremendous reason to doubt U.S. claims. Firstly, it should not be forgotten that then Secretary of State Colin Powell presented ironclad evidence to the United Nations Security Council of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) that Saddam Hussein possessed, a finding that was later proven to be utterly false, but which was the basis of a war that continues until today. Secondly, the U.S. claimed that there was incontrovertible proof that the Government of Syria was responsible for earlier chemical attacks this year, but that finding has been contested, and some experts apportioned blame to the rebels fighting the government. And finally, in this case, no evidence has been presented, as of yet to make such a determination, at least not conclusively.

    Does that mean the Assad and his regime are not responsible? No. It is very likely given the ongoing military operations in the same area that the Syrian government launched such an attack. Yet, more evidence needs to be presented to make a definitive conclusion. The other scenarios that could be possible are:

    - Extremists groups like Jubhat al-Nusra, who have previously seized advanced weaponry and possibly chemical weapons from Syrian army bases and positions, were attempting to use them on Syrian soldiers (or conversely to cast blame on the Syrian army);

    - The Government of Syria inadvertently hit a stockpile of sarin gas releasing the toxins (although unclear if this would lead to the effects that we've seen); or

    - Rogue elements within the chain of command used chemical weapons intentionally or inadvertently.

    Russia, Iran and China have of course cast doubt on western claims but that is to be expected.

    3. What would be the basis or justification for US intervention?

    The U.S. intervention would likely be on the basis of Obama's previously stated red line on Syria, which would be the mass use/movement of chemical weapons. It is not in fact about humanitarian intervention and the Responsibility to Protect framework, developed in the 1990s to prevent genocide and mass civilian deaths. If it was, then the humanitarian case for intervention has been present for some time, and other massacres by the Syrian regime, such as in Houla in 2012, would have provided sufficient pretext. Obviously, the U.S. and other Western powers, and regional countries, have their own interests at play that are much more geopolitical in nature, but the justification or casus belli being offered is around the issue of chemical weapons, and chemical weapons alone.

    4. Will anybody else be involved in the military strikes besides the US and will this affect whether they are 'legal'?

    Given Russian and Chinese opposition, and a likely veto of any resolution by the United Nations Security Council supporting such a military strike on Syria - especially in light of the intervention in Libya, which Russia regretted supporting - a 'coalition of the willing' will need to be developed. This coalition would be broader than the Iraq War in 2003, and would be similar to the coalition carrying out the strikes against Serb positions vis-a-vis Kosovo in 1999. While the U.S., U.K. and France will likely lead an effort, Turkey would also be critical as a staging ground (as it borders Syria from the North), and thus there will be an attempt to launch such an attack under the auspices of NATO. Despite its reluctance, Jordan, given its reliance on the U.S. and Saudi Arabia politically and economically, will have no choice but to support . The two other neighbours of Syria, Iraq and Lebanon are squarely against any military strike. And of course, the other neighbor - Israel - would sit this one out but would provide intelligence to the U.S. and other parties on Syrian positions, given that it has already undertaken a number of air strikes on Syria in the past two years.

    Further afield, it is likely the GCC (Gulf Cooperation Council) will support military intervention, with Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates possibly sending fighter jets to participate in a strike to give it regional cover and credibility. Finally, while many groups within the Arab and Muslim world, and the 'left' of the West, will oppose military intervention, many others will support it, because of the spiralling humanitarian situation in Syria.

    Technically speaking if the military intervention is not sanctioned by the United Nations Security Council, and there is no imminent threat that the U.S. and other parties can point to towards its own territory or its assets, it would be illegal under international law. However, that has not stopped NATO or other countries (i.e. Russia in Georgia) form undertaking military action in the past. And before the Iraq War, some scholars claimed that while such an attack would be illegal it would be legitimate, and demonstrated retroactively to be legal. Given the state of world affairs, 'legality' is likely not a determining factor for a strike on Syria.

    5. Are we seeing a repeat of Iraq in 2003? 

    No. The situation today with Syria is different than it was in 2003 in Iraq, for many reasons, despite some passing similarities. In Iraq, the U.S. claimed that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction while in Syria, we already know Bashar al-Assad possesses chemical weapons, and the question is whether he used them (small aside, it was released this week that thirty years ago, the U.S. obstructed a UN investigation when it knew Saddam Hussein had used chemical weapons). In Iraq, the U.S. alleged that Saddam Hussein had links with Al Qaeda (and related groups), while in Syria, Bashar al Assad is widely acknowledged to be fighting Al Qaeda (and related groups) in addition to the 'Free Syrian Army' (and in addition to crushing peaceful demonstrators). In Iraq, there was no active state of conflict that was leading to a spiralling humanitarian catastrophe (and the potential use of WMDs), while in Syria there is not just a violent conflict, but also WMDs have been used by somebody (even if the culprit is not yet clear).

    What should be noted, however, is that both Iraq in 2003 and Syria in 2013, are in complex environments, and any removal of government or sustained military intervention would have dramatic unforeseen consequences. It seems like the media debate in the U.S. is also similarly anaemic (but slightly better) this time around.

    6. What is the real motivation for the United States and other powers?

    As with all things in this world when it comes to international relations, the primary interest is not humanitarian but geopolitical. This is not absolute, however, and it could be argued that Turkey has been insisting on humanitarian intervention from an early stage. However, the regimes (not peoples) in the Gulf, most notably Saudi Arabia, are exclusively concerned with dislodging Syria from the Iranian orbit, and severing connections between Syria and Hezbollah. Humanitarian concerns are a by-product. And for the United States, something similar is at play. As noted above, if this was about humanitarian concerns, action would have been taken long before 100,000 deaths had occurred.

    For the U.S. it has been looking for regime change in Syria for a while. However, these strikes if they occur, will be about sending a message and asserting America's position in the Middle East, given the red line that Obama drew. Ultimately, it may tip the scales in the rebels favour or improve the U.S.'s negotiating position vis-a-vis Iran. The chemical weapons attack in a morbid way, opened a door of opportunity for Western powers (with GCC support) to do something limited without a full-scale intervention.

    7. Will military intervention solve the Syrian conflict?

    No. Military intervention no matter how small or how big will not solve the Syrian conflict. In fact, it could very much exacerbate the situation on the ground even further (if that can be imagined). What is being reported currently is that the U.S. and allies will undertake a series of 'surgical strikes', a euphemism for a large-scale assault on key military and strategic installations, such as army positions, air bases, radar installations, communications infrastructure, supply routes, and, where appropriate, power stations (among other targets). More than anything this will be intended to send a message to the regime and weaken its capabilities. Yet, it would not be a fatal blow. And it would not necessarily tip the scales in favor of the rebels. It may in fact mobilize certain parties to support the regime, if there are civilian casualties from the intervention.

    The solution to the Syrian situation has to be political, if it is going to lead to stability or peace. Yet, if the military intervention escalated and led to the removal of the Syrian regime, that would still not be the end of the conflict. After the Soviets were booted out of Afghanistan, the country devolved into a civil war for five years until the rise of the Taliban in 1996. Somalia has only recently stabilised (somewhat), more than 20 years after the assassination of its leader, President Siad Barre. And neighboring Lebanon, took 15 years of conflict (1975-1990) to reach an end, which was brought about by ironically Syrian military intervention (which committed its own crimes), that produced a - audible gasp - political settlement.

    8. What could potentially go wrong?

    Everything. The potential for disaster following military intervention in any country is great (see Black Hawk Down, Iraq, Afghanistan and the list goes on). Yet, in Syria it could be apocalyptic. Here is a list of what that could entail:

    - Chemical weapons are used by Syria against its neighbors such as Jordan and Turkey, or U.S. military positions in those countries;
    - U.S. planes/helicopters are shot down leading to an escalation of U.S. involvement requiring boots on the ground;
    - Syria sends a volley of missiles into Tel Aviv and other places in Israel, leading to a regional war;
    - Proxy forces of Iran, Hamas and Hezbollah, launch a sustained campaign against Israel/U.S. interests, including attacks embassies within Lebanon/Palestine/Israel but also in other countries, in the short and medium-term;
    - Al Qaeda forces in the region, while opposing the Assad regime, oppose U.S. intervention especially if there are masses of civilian casualties, and use it as a pretext for attacks in places such as Yemen;
    - Russia objects to the U.S. strike, and mobilizes warships to the Mediterranean, leading to a standoff with Europe and the U.S.;
    - Negotiations with Iran, still in embryonic stages are suspended irrevocably;
    - Six party talks with North Korea are suspended by Russia, China, and North Korea irrevocably;
    - The Syrian regime goes all out in its conflict and begins to bomb with even more abandon civilian areas controlled by rebels, leading to thousands of casualties, and counter-massacres by enraged rebel fighters;
    - The Syrian regime is removed by force from power by the intervention, leading to a power vacuum sinking the country further into civil war for over a decade of even more violent strife and a possible Al Qaeda style government;
    - Tensions rise in the Middle East, especially in places of sectarian division (i.e. Lebanon, Yemen, Bahrain, Eastern Province in Saudi Arabia, and Iraq) leading to civil strife and attacks on governments, and counter-attacks on populations; and
    - World War 3.

    9. What could potentially go right?

    It may seem that what is written above is slightly alarmist and that's true. Many things can go wrong (most of which, to be honest, are hard to predict as they will be unforeseen consequences or as Donald Rumsfeld, ironically calls them, unknown unknowns). However, the U.S.-led strikes could be quite effective. Firstly, if they are limited in scope, they can be completed in one day, reducing the risk for a military entanglement and civilian casualties. Secondly, if they are from the air, there is limited risk for casualties on the side of the intervening forces. Thirdly, an attack that is forceful and hits Syrian military positions, will send a message to Assad that there is a limit to what he can do, which thus far has not been the case, and may entice him to reach a political settlement. Fourthly, it is unlikely that the Syrian regime would retaliate, for a short strike on positions, against Israel, knowing that they cannot afford to fight a war on so many fronts (and thus far they have yet to retaliate to any Israel air strike). Finally, the systematic destruction of Assad's air capabilities could be instrumental in limiting civilian casualties by the regime in the future.

    All of this is one possibility of what could occur.

    10. Let's cut to the chase - should I support or not support military intervention?

    There is no clearcut answer. Ultimately, military intervention should not be supported as a solution to the Syrian conflict. It is not, and whether we like it or not, a political solution/settlement is the only way the current situation moves towards peace and stability. The U.S. is negotiating with the Taliban. The Vietnamese negotiated with the U.S. The Lebanese negotiated with each other. The Dayton Accords to end the Bosnian War were signed with Slobodan Milosevic. It may not be easy, it may be unlikely, and it will not work perfectly, but political discussions involving all parties is the only way to find a real solution.

    That being said, if a case is made with overwhelming evidence by independent parties (not U.S. conjecture) that chemical weapons were used by the Syrian regime, then military intervention on a limited scale, and for a period of 1-2 days only, should be undertaken, ideally with UN support - and if not with broad support of half of the members, i.e. 90, of the UN General Assembly to demonstrate legitimacy - against military targets only, which will both send a message about the use of these weapons and damage the capabilities of Assad.

    What is clear is that whatever happens, there are no clear answers with regards to the conflict in Syria.

              10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur        

    10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur

    Como dicen en Corea: annyeong-haseyo!
    10 cosas que seguramente no sabías sobre Corea del Sur
    Tras contar curiosidades sobre Japón, hoy toca el turno a Corea del Sur. No se quedan atrás en excentricidades interesantes. De nuevo, habrá cosas que todos saben ¿verdad?, como que hacen dramas casi tan famosos como el anime japonés, ya lograron arrebatar el primer puesto en el informe PISA sobre educación a Finlandia o que Samsung dentro del país no es meramente un productor de móviles y ordenadores sino toda una corporación que lo ha construido casi todo. Sin embargo, existen otras cosas como las de a continuación que espero no supieran.

    Eres un año más viejo, a veces dos.

    Los surcoreanos suelen sumar un año a la edad internacional. El concepto cultural proviene de China y no sólo sucede en Corea del Sur sino también en países influenciados como Corea del Norte, Vietnam o Japón. Lo que ocurre es que los otros países asiáticos han aceptado la internacionalización de la edad y prácticamente ya no usan esta costumbre, sin embargo, en Corea del Sur lo normal es utilizar la edad coreana cuando te preguntan.
    En cuanto a por qué hay que sumarse uno es simplemente porque se cree que ya naces con un año, no con cero. Pero añadido a esto, además, los coreanos no cumplen años sólo cuando nacieron sino cada «ib chun» o periodo solar, así que cumples dos veces. Por tanto, dependiendo del mes, es posible que entre un periodo solar y otro tengas hasta dos años más. Si una persona ha nacido a principios de año, la diferencia de un año será la habitual. En cambio, si una persona nació a finales, pasará muchos meses añadiendo dos años a su edad internacional.

    No hay desodorante

    El chico deprimido se llama Le Ming Ho.
    El chico deprimido se llama Le Ming Ho.
    Es una cosa que incluso suelen añadirte en la guía de viajes cuando compras un vuelo a Corea: deberías traer tu desodorante porque es muy difícil encontrarlo. Esto es porque los coreanos sudan pero no huelen.
    El olor corporal se debe a una mezcla de compuestos orgánicos volátiles. Las investigaciones sobre este tema comenzaron en la década de los sesenta, descubriendo que el olor axilar era producido por la interacción de secreciones apocrinas con los microorganismos cutáneos de las axilas. Y en 2009, un equipo de investigación descubrió que casi toda la etnia asiática tiene una mutación genética que detiene la producción de los compuestos del sudor apocrino que causan el mal olor. Por eso, las personas en China y Corea no usan mucho los desodorantes y tan claro como el agua, como no se vende, no hay.

    Si tienes un problema físico, se espera que lo soluciones.

    After and before.
    After and before.
    Hay cirugías de todo, absolutamente de todo, cosas como la reducción de volumen craneal es posible. Resulta que son tan increíbles los cambios que, tras someterse a una operación, les obligan a actualizar su tarjeta de identificación porque normalmente no se les puede reconocer después.
    También está el punto de que operarse no es raro. Cuando digo que no es raro es que adolescentes piden la cirugía de doble párpado como premio por graduarse en la preparatoria. De hecho, lo deleznable es que no lo soluciones. Si tienes una nariz aguileña, te pueden preguntar en una entrevista laboral porqué no te la has quitado esperando que tengas una razón de «verdadero peso» para no haberlo hecho. Corea tiene una sociedad muy superficial, que valora en demasía el aspecto físico y no poseerlo es todo un problema para cualquier empleo de cierto nivel.

    Si se mueve, se come.

    Corea tiene comidas muy extrañas, más o menos siguiendo la línea de toda Asia. Déjenme decir primero que hay algunas comidas «tradicionales» que un capitalino no habrá probado jamás y que les dan tanto asco como a nosotros, pero existen los que las comen y restaurantes que las sirven, por lo cual, no está de más contarlo. Podemos empezar por la famosa sopa de perro. Sí, tradicionalmente se comía el perro. Pero hay cosas peores como un vino con fetos de rata dentro, el «gaebul» que es una lombriz de mar abierta por la mitad, «gusanos-pene» en salsa —se llaman así— que se comen crudos con salsa de sésamo o el «beondegi» que son larvas de gusano de seda al vapor. Nunca os haría la canallada de poner fotos de todo ello y tampoco os puedo comentar a qué saben porque tengo mis límites en cuando a probar cosas nuevas.

    Los más alcoholizados del mundo

    soju
    Según datos de la OMS, es efectivamente el país que más alcohol consume. De hecho, su bebida nacional, el soju, es el alcohol más vendido del mundo y quizás la única bebida alcohólica coreana conocida fuera de las fronteras (aunque hay muchas más). Está hecha a partir de licor de arroz pero no sabe a arroz, se toma en vasos pequeños como los de chupito y las botellas tienen un precio muy económico. En cuanto a su «potencia», tiene alta graduación —entre los 15º-25º el malo, el caro puede tener más— y se toma solo. Su sabor es tan fuerte como el de alcohol de curar heridas y quema bajando, pero las ajummas (abuelas mayores) lo bajan como si nada.
    Estarás pensando, bien, me abstendré de probarlo. Difícil. Ni se te ocurra rechazar si te ofrecen una bebida alcohólica, lo interpretarán como un gesto de descortesía, sobre todo si quien te lo ha ofrecido es alguien de mayor edad que tú. De hecho, los jefes tienen la costumbre de emborrachar a sus subordinados al salir de la empresa. Beber en Corea del Sur está bien visto, en reuniones, en negocios, en fiestas, en encuentros... incluso existe la creencia de que beber alcohol adelgaza.

    Los coreanos conducen bastante mal

    KIA es la marca de coches más vendida y en su mayoría los coreanos prefieren coches automáticos. Y a pesar de que los automáticos son más fáciles de conducir y los máximos de velocidad en Corea son bastante bajos, hay muchos accidentes. Según la OMS, Corea del Sur es el segundo país con mayor número de muertes de tráfico.

    Cosmética para todos.

    Bajo la misma idea perfeccionadora de las cirugías, hay una industria cosmética que lo invade todo. Los idols —cantantes y actores famosos— promocionan productos en todas partes, desde espaldares de asientos en el metro a paneles iluminados tamaño edificio. La cosmética suele intentan tener una base natural en la línea conceptual de ser «comida para la piel» y se vende tanto para hombres como para mujeres.
    corea
    Los hombres en corea consumen tanta cosmética como las mujeres, se ponen «bb creams» para el día a día —maquillaje con tratamiento de cobertura baja— polvos, usan serums y tónicos, se tiñen, se hacen la cera integral en las piernas y pecho, no salen a la calle sin protector 50 y ver un coreano con pelo en la cara es tan raro como ver pasar el cometa Halley.
    Se consumen productos con ácido hialurónico, vitamina C, salicílicos, proteínas de arroz y leche, caviar, tierras volcánicas mineralizadas… y en definitiva, todo lo que por su composición «aclare y terse» la piel. A los coreanos no les gusta el moreno, odian las manchas y a los 20 pocos, ya están preocupados por las arrugas. Como consecuencia o en base a esto, inventaron el cuidado facial en capas, en el que se usan al menos diez productos diferentes que hay que utilizar en un orden específico, según ingredientes y textura, uno detrás de otro post absorción para alimentar la piel a la par que «protegerla del exterior». Y los hombres lo hacen también.

    Corazón

    korean-fingers-heart
    ¿Cómo haces el símbolo del corazón? Si eres occidental seguramente juntarás los pulgares y los índices haciendo la forma. Los coreanos no hacen los corazones así sino juntando índice y pulgar de la misma mano, lo que para nosotros significa «dinero» o «¿cuánto cuesta?».

    El K-pop

    Estos concretamente se llaman Super Junior.
    Estos concretamente se llaman Super Junior.
    ¿Se acuerdan del Gangnam Style? Pues no fue una casualidad. La industria cultural de Corea del Sur lleva más de veinte años potenciando y haciendo globales sus producciones. El K-pop es nombre que recibe su estilo de música, integrado por varios géneros musicales como el dance pop, la balada pop, la música electrónica, el rock, la música hip hop y el R&B. Se caracteriza por tener elementos audiovisuales integrados en el directo como coreografías, fuegos artificiales en escena, caracterización y/o interpretación, una perfección técnica en la coordinación grupal de baile, aprovechan en muchos casos a explotar la estética cute, usan excéntricos peinados y/o maquillaje llamativo. No se puede decir que las letras tengan en su mayoría un gran repertorio o sean muy profundas pero reconozcámoslo, sus Justin Bieber lo hacen mejor porque por lo menos no paran quietos y vienen en packs.

    Los 100 días.

    En Corea las «Sogaeting» o citas a ciegas son muy normales y se habla de ellas públicamente. La verdad es que para los coreanos suele ser difícil conocer gente nueva por su introversión y a la vez es casi un delito llegar a los treinta y estar solo. La familia insiste mucho en esto y a veces es la madre la que le presenta al hijo chicas, también puede ocurrir por medio de la hermana o las amigas de la novia de un amigo. Vamos, trapicheo de contactos. Cuando las parejas empiezan a salir cuentan los días y existe una celebración a los 100 en la que la chica le hace bombones caseros (en San Valentín también los hacen).
    También decir que si te parece duro estar solo y ver parejas por la calle en occidente, allá es mucho peor. Puedes ver cosas como camisetas de parejas en conjunto, bufandas para dos o guantes dobles para tomarse de la mano sin separarse. En resumen, no es un buen sitio para estar soltero.
     
     
     https://hipertextual.com/2016/09/curiosidades-corea

              What Do I Call My Mailbag? The Cage? I Forget        

    Friday is finally here and with that Nut Up or Shut Up Week is in its final leg.  I gotta be honest and say that I’m relieved that it’s finally over and I really didn’t think I had it in me (funny story: at least 8 different women said the exact same thing to me during my four years of college).  But alas, here we are.  To celebrate, let’s take a look at some emails sent in from the Trillion Man March.  Like I say every time we do this sort of thing – all of these are real emails sent in by real members of the Trillion Man March, except for the ones that aren’t.  Now, in the words of the chick from Cake Farts, let’s get this done.


    Since there are no large bodies of water near tOSU, where did the boosters hold their Yacht sex parties?

    -Mike

    I wish I knew.  I never got invited to them :(

    So, who do you hate more: the NCAA or The Villain?

    -Ben

    The only logical way to answer this is to first make a list of pros and cons, so here it goes.

    The NCAA

    Pros

    • Provides an opportunity for thousands of people to get a free education while playing a sport they love at a highly competitive level
    • March Madness
    • Headquarters located in Indianapolis, Indiana, one of the finest cities in America

    Cons

    • Has a budget that exceeds $5.5 billion and exists solely because of 18-23 year old athletes, but won’t let the 18-23 year old athletes see hardly any of that money in the form of cash
    • Makes players sit out a full season after transferring, while the coaches making millions of dollars off the athletes who do the exact same thing face no punishment whatsoever (in fact, the coaches typically get raises since it can be assumed that they’re leaving for a higher-paying and better job)
    • Has no interest in even remotely exploring serious reform, despite the increasing uproar from the media and general public about how archaic and unfair their rules are
    • Supports communist principles

    Evan “The Villain” Turner

    Pros

    • Provided me with seemingly unlimited entertainment for three years in the form of killing fools on the basketball court
    • Provided me with seemingly unlimited entertainment for three years in the form of losing his mind over something petty on a daily basis
    • Wore a CLUB TRIL shirt during pregame warm-ups on my senior night at OSU
    • Indirectly contributed to the success of this blog
    • Once called my blog “amazing”
    • Passed the ball to me one time in practice

    Cons

    • Would frequently reach into his pants and furiously scratch his butthole during film sessions and team meetings and consequently make everyone in the room uncomfortable
    • Tried to fight me no less than 3 times during our tenure as teammates
    • Gave my fiancée a bear hug that he held for five seconds when he first met her, which in turn caused her to tell me later in the night that it was weird and creeped her out
    • Never called me by my name when we were teammates but instead referred to me as “walk-on”, “bum”, “couch potato”, or “mooch.”
    • Borrowed $5 for a haircut from Keller and never paid him back
    • Apparently gets $5 haircuts

    I really think this might be too close to call.  Evan probably is more of an annoyance to me personally than the NCAA is, but the NCAA is more detrimental to society as a whole so I think I’ll go the unselfish route and say I hate them more.  Plus, somewhere under Evan’s rough exterior is a momma’s boy who doesn’t want any trouble and just wants to cuddle with his teddy bear.  Meanwhile, I’m pretty sure that underneath the NCAA’s rough exterior there is nothing but a gigantic pit of molten lava that they throw puppies into after they mouthrape them.

    What is the over/under on the number of times Deshaun Thomas will get the "the only type of shot he doesn't like is when he is at the Doctor's office" comment from TV announcers this year?  2500 ?

    There has to be some sort of drinking game created with Deshaun Thomas.  Something like.... every time he passes, you must chug a 40 oz of Olde English and punch a leprechaun.

    -Scott

    I love this idea.  I know I’ve said this many times before, but I really don’t think I can say it enough – Deshaun Thomas is my favorite Ohio State athlete of all-time (primarily because he doesn’t pass and has no problem acknowledging that he doesn’t pass) and he hasn’t even started his sophomore season yet.  He might not be a popular guy among Buckeye fans, but I absolutely love the guy and actually yelled “Everybody shut the hell up, Deshaun’s checking into the game!” on a few occasions last year while watching OSU basketball games with friends (who obviously don’t appreciate him as much as I do).  The guy is like the Manny Ramirez of college basketball - you don’t know for sure what’s going to happen, but you do know that when he’s in the game he’s going to have some sort of effect (good or bad) and is going to at least provide some form of entertainment (in that regard, he’s like the exact opposite of me).

    Anyway, how about this for a Deshaun Thomas drinking game – match Deshaun shot for shot.  Every time he takes a shot, you do too.  I even came up with a name for it: “suicide by alcohol poisoning.”

    What is the most embarrassing thing you have ever done in front of a member of the opposite sex?

    -Kevin

    I once dated a girl from Indiana who went to a college other than Ohio State and hadn’t grown up as an OSU fan.  Because of this, she didn’t have any OSU clothes, so when she visited me in Columbus one time I told her I’d take her shopping and get her some Ohio State clothes.  That way she could be decked out when she came to our games once the basketball season rolled around.  Anyway, we went to Buckeye Corner or something and she picked out a bunch of stuff she wanted, but she felt bad because she thought she was making me spend too much money.  I  told her not to worry about it and just get what she wanted because I was still on a basketball scholarship and was basically being given free money from Ohio State.

    Just to be polite, she asked if I was sure that she could get everything and I promised her it was cool.  But I couldn’t just say, “Seriously it’s cool” and leave it at that.  No, I had to somehow make myself seem more awesome than I really am.  So instead of just saying “yeah it’s cool” or whatever, I decided to jump at the opportunity to flaunt my money a little bit.  Since most college kids are dirt poor, I figured her privates would get moist over my scholarship money, so I decided to explain to her how rich I was.  I said something like, “Yeah it’s really not a big deal.  I get paid so much money by Ohio State that I really don’t think I could spend it all even if I wanted to.”  And just like that, I knew I had her hooked…

    …until my debit card got declined because I apparently only had $17 left in my bank account. 

    Because she didn’t bring any money with her since I told her I was going to buy her stuff, she couldn’t get anything she had picked out and had to go put everything back.  A couple of weeks later, she dumped me. Whoops.

    Help settle an argument that has been raging since the onset of puberty amongst 2 of my friends and myself.  Friend A is convinced that given an opportunity he could score one point on any NBA player in a game of one on one.  Not win mind you, but simply put the ball in the hoop. One time. Versus a highly motivated pro, putting forth his best effort in a game to 11 by ones and twos. Friend B and myself think friend A is an idiot and have told him so many times.  Friend A (5'9, 165lb), friend B and myself have been playing ball all our lives and while none of us are awful we could not play varsity basketball at a moderately large high school.  Those are the facts.  We are in our 30s now and need an answer. Or possibly you could shut him out for us and end this 20 year debate.  Either way Judge Titus your help/ruling would be much appreciated.

    -Travis

    I’m going to make this response short because there really isn’t even an argument here and I’m kind of annoyed that this is wasting my time.  Here’s your answer: your friend is out of his mind if he thinks he could score on an NBA player in a game to 11.  He’d have to be completely delusional to think otherwise, especially if he’s 5’9” 165 pounds. In fact, I don’t think I could even score on an NBA player (cue the “that’s why you were a benchwarmer scrub” jokes).  If he had infinite chances to score on the NBA guy, then yeah, I’m sure at some point he’d be able to throw up some garbage and get lucky.  But in a single game to 11 against an NBA player playing as hard as he possibly can?  He’ll be lucky to even get a shot off.

    I could give a detailed and realistic explanation of what would happen if he played any NBA player, but I think it would take far less effort for me to just play him one-on-one and shut him out myself than it would to explain how everything would go down.  And make no mistake about it – based on what you’ve told me about the guy, I don’t think I’ve ever been more confident about anything in the world as I am in thinking that even I could shut him out.

    So there is a hypothetical fight between 2 identical twins. They both are equal in all physical attributes (size, strength, speed) and they both train for one week with a fighting master. However one gets a pool stick and the other gets a hunting knife. Who wins in a cage match to the death?

    -Brian

    The bell rings to start the match.

    Guy with pool stick swings at guy with knife.  Guy with knife ducks, forcing guy with pool stick to miss.  As guy with knife stands back up, he violently thrusts his knife into the torso of guy with pool stick.  Guy with pool stick stumbles backwards as he reaches for the knife that is protruding from his torso.  After he falls to the ground, he pulls the knife out.  He immediately realizes that this was a bad idea because blood furiously pours out.  With blood rapidly flowing out of his body, his only option is to take his pool stick and jam it into the wound to stop the bleeding.  He chooses this option.  After he plugs the wound, he stands up to continue the fight.  As he stands up, he reaches for the knife in the same spot that he had dropped it when he removed it from his torso. 

    But it’s not there.

    As guy with pool stick turns his head to continue his search for the knife, guy with knife sneaks up from behind him and slits his throat, instantly killing him. 

    Game over. Guy with knife wins.

    I was in a corporate video twirling the baton while wearing my Fundamentals Montage shirt. Don’t you think that’s awesome?

    -Ann

    Yes. Yes I do.

    Speaking of that shirt…

    Even whilst living in the depths of the globe here in Australia I have managed to procure myself a (somewhat striking) 'Fundamentals Montage' tee. I would argue that the tee contains the single most obscure reference of any other t-shirt in existence. So my question is - has there ever been anything less prominent than a 3 second screengrab from a basketball-based Youtube video that has justified it's existence on a t-shirt available for public consumption?

    -Berko

    Let me first say that this is one of the finest backhanded compliments I’ve ever received, even though it shouldn’t count for anything because it’s from an Aussie.  And I truly mean that. 

    Secondly, to answer your question, I’m not sure there possibly could be one.  I mean, Mr. Rainmaker wasn’t exactly a viral video and really only reached cult-like status at best, so right off the bat there’s a very limited market for the shirt right there.  Then, like you said, the Fundamentals Montage only makes up a small part of the video, so really we’re only talking about a few seconds of a mildly popular video.  I really don’t see how there could be a shirt with a more obscure reference that is lost on virtually everyone but the wearer than the Fundamentals Montage shirt.  I’m guessing this is why Homage discontinued it.

    Since we’re apparently on the topic of Club Trillion shirts, here are two more relevant emails…

    A few months ago my house was robbed. I still live with my parents so there was actually some stuff of value to take. They mostly took electronics like tvs and computers, but after about a week I realized they took something else. They took my Club Tril shirt. No one else had any clothes taken and all my other clothes were still there except for that shirt. I know I didn't lose it somewhere else because I'm a badass and had recently had my mom wash it. What kind of monster would do this? This also makes me question the types of people you draw to your blog.

    -Zane

    Can whoever took Zane’s shirt please get it back to him?  This is why we can’t have nice things.  I’m sure he’ll let you keep the electronics, but please don’t make him suffer anymore by making him live in this world without his CLUB TRIL shirt.

    Now that we got that out of the way, I gotta say that I can’t help but feel a little flattered about this.  I mean, it sucks for you and your family and everything, but a part of me is honored that someone places such a high value on one of my shirts.

    Also, I think I might have an idea of who did this.  A couple of months ago someone showed me this mug shot that was taken in Naperville, Illinois.  I’m pretty sure it’s the first and only time someone was wearing a CLUB TRIL shirt in an official police mug shot, which is pretty awesome.  Anyway, my theory is that this kid had to change out of his shirt and put on an orange jumpsuit after he was arrested and when he was released the cops “accidentally” lost his shirt.  But he knew the truth – one of the cops liked the shirt and wanted to keep it for himself.  So when this kid got released, he went from town to town on a rampage looking for the cop that took his shirt.  After two months of breaking into the all sorts of houses, he finally broke into yours, saw your shirt laying there, and just assumed that your dad was the cop that took his shirt.  And to really get back at him, he took a bunch of electronics too.

    Yeah, that’s gotta be what happened.  That’s your guy for sure.

    What is more effective when attempting to court a female, throwing up the shark or wearing the club tril shirt? This of course is assuming that it is impossible to do them both at the same time.

    As you can see from the picture provided, doing them in unison has such an enormous power over the female nether regions, that it would even turn a guy like Justin Timberlake into a jealous doucher. (In case you can't see me because I am drowning amongst a litany of marginally attractive college coeds, I am the one throwing up the shark, rocking a club tril shirt, while also wearing a daytona 500 hat)

    photo1

    -Sam

    First of all, I’m pretty sure the bitches swoon over the CLUB TRIL shirt more than the shark fin.  From what I can tell, the shark fin is more of a thing for the fellas.  But I’ve been wrong before, so what do I know?

    Secondly, I’m saying that there’s about a 98% chance that you were photobombing this picture and weren’t in the preliminary stages of a orgy like you are trying to make it seem.  But I’m going to give you the benefit of the doubt here and say that this particular instance is included in that 2%, and all these girls huddled around you for this picture, immediately ripped their clothes off right after it was taken, and then all jumped on board the Sam Tram for an express trip to Pound Town.

    I recently turned 29 years old and in about a month I'm going to (hopefully) celebrate my second wedding anniversary.  Most of my friends are in a similar place that I am, either in the trying to have a kid or two phase or already have 1-3 kids.  I love kids but I have a small problem with them.  See I love college football and I love the Buckeyes.  So on Saturday afternoons in the fall I want to drag myself out of bed just in time for College Gameday then watch games all day long until I can hear Herbie telling Mussburger to shut his Michigan loving trapper.  For some reason all parents (and when I say parents I mean wives) want to do is throw their kid's birthday party on Saturday afternoon.  Like people don't have anything else to do.  I mean come on your kid is 2 years old, do they really care what day of the week their party is on?  No but some of us adults would like a say in the matter.  If 75% of all Buckeye games are on at 12:00 on a Saturday and 75% of all birthday parties are scheduled at 1:00 someone didn't do their planning.  Throw the kid a party on Tuesday night.  Heck I will even leave work early just to be there on time. 

    This is why with my wife I have proposed a dry season.  No babies shall be born within the period of September 1st and early December as to not cause any confusion with birthday party planning.  So as soon as the Rose Bowl ends until the end of March Madness we go into protection mode.  I am very happy to say I made it through my very 1st dry season and my wife and I recently found out we are in line to have our first child with a due date of March 31, 2012. 

    The dry season can be implemented for any season.  I don't know where you plan on living once you get married but if you are planning to stay in Ohio I propose we get this trend started as soon as possible.

    -James

    You’re doing the Lord’s work, James.

    I have a older gentlemen neighbor who apparently has an odd sense of dressing in the warm summer months. He often feels that it is so hot out that he can't wear a shirt, but cool enough to still be wearing jeans. Do you have any experience with this phenomena? Please help rationalize his logic.

    -Chris

    He has prosthetic legs and gets embarrassed when people find out. He fought in Vietnam for your freedom and at one point during the war, he stepped on a landmine and it completely mutilated both of his legs. He should’ve died and the doctors said he was never supposed to walk again, even with prosthetics. But the doctors never accounted for his resolve. He wasn’t going to just give up. Not after all those years of fighting.

    So he worked his ass off for years just so maybe he could one day walk again. Day in and day out he did hours of strenuous physical therapy, unsure of whether or not it would ever really pay off. Like anything else, there were good days and bad days, but through it all he kept pushing. He kept thinking about his goal – one day walking down his driveway and getting his paper without any help. It wasn’t a very glamorous goal, sure. But he was a high school dropout from the south side of Chicago who had served five years fighting a war with no end in sight in the unimaginable hell that was the Vietnam jungles. Nothing about his life was glamorous.

    Every now and then, he’d think back on that fateful day and ask God why He would let such a terrible thing happen to him. Why God didn’t just let him die right then and there. Why God made him suffer through all this pain. It was impossible not to think that way. After all those years of wondering whether he’d ever walk again, he felt like he had every right to feel sorry for himself every once in a while. Can’t say I fault the guy.

    Eventually all the physical therapy took its toll on him. He couldn’t take it anymore. He was ready to tell the doctors that he had finally given up. That he had accepted that he was going to be bound to a wheelchair for the rest of his life. That that landmine had finally gotten the better of him. But he thought he’d do one last therapy session before he threw in the towel. For old time’s sake. He owed himself that much.

    The physical therapist walked into his room like she had all those days before, always optimistic that that particular day was going to be the one that they’d have their breakthrough. She’d never been right, of course, but he appreciated her optimism nonetheless. It was something that he himself couldn’t even muster these days.

    She strapped him into the harness and set up the guide bars like she had done every other day for the past few years. She would never admit it to him, but while she was optimistic for some sign of progress on the outside, on the inside she was just as jaded as he was. She knew that nothing significant was going to happen that day. But she was wrong.

    She gave him the same routine commands she always had and he mumbled under his breath while she talked just like he always had. When she finished instructing him, he rolled his eyes and said, “Here goes nothing” as he attempted to take a step. He expected the same results as before, but this time something happened. This time the prosthetic moved. It was the breakthrough they had been waiting for all these years. He couldn’t believe it.

    That moment breathed new life into him. He was back. No more feeling sorry for himself. He was going to walk again. No excuses. Over the course of the next couple of months, he made steady progress. Nothing too crazy, but it was progress dammit. Nobody could take that sense of accomplishment away from him.

    Not any more than a year after that initial breakthrough, his physical therapy was complete. He could walk again. Not very well, mind you, but it was a start. He had the rest of his life to figure out his new legs. For the time being, he was going to celebrate his victory by simply walking out of the hospital on his own power. That was all he ever wanted.

    These days he keeps to himself for the most part. He’s a simple man with a simple life but he’ll tell you he wouldn’t change a thing about it. He’ll tell you that he’s lived more life than most people. He’ll tell you that he’s proud to have fought in the war and served his country. He’ll tell you that he’s got all he ever wanted out of life. But he’ll also tell you that the prosthetics embarrass him. He can’t help but feel guilty that he didn’t give enough. So many of his brothers perished and all he gave were his two legs. The more he thought back on everything, the more surviving became a burden.

    But he’s learning to cope with it. He’s finally finding peace with himself and what happened on that day that forever changed his life. But he still doesn’t like revealing his prosthetics to people just because there is too much baggage that comes with people knowing. He doesn’t want to have to tell the stories and relive the horrors. Most importantly, he doesn’t want to deal with the judgment. He knows he’ll be looked at as either a freak or as a hero. He thinks both labels are unfair. He’s just an old man trying to live out whatever years he has left to the best of his abilities.

    So he always wears jeans to cover his fake legs and his very real memories. He’s not sure how much time he has left on this Earth and when he’s going to be reunited with his fallen brothers, but what he is sure of is that he’s going to spend most of that time with his family and loved ones. And any free time in between he’s going to spend tending to his garden and wondering why the dipshit kid next door always gives him weird looks when he walks around with his shirt off.

    Either that or he’s just a crazy old man who really loves his jeans.


    Proud To Be An American But Even Prouder To Be A Buckeye,

    Mark Titus

    Club Trillion Founder


              VA Steps Up Programs As More Veterans Enter Hospice Care        
    Ask Americans if someone in their family served in the military, and the answer is probably no. After all, fewer than 1 percent of Americans serve these days.

    But ask if one of their grandfathers served, and you'll likely get a different answer. Between World War II and the wars in Korea and Vietnam, millions of men were drafted into service — and both men and women volunteered.

    Now, that generation of veterans is getting older. And as many of them near the end of their lives, aging into their 80s and 90s, the demand for hospice care has been growing with them.

              With More Veterans Needing Health Care, What Will The Cost Be?         
    A new generation of American vets is home from war — about 2.6 million of them. And there are about 10 million older veterans, many from the Vietnam era, hitting their 60s, 70s or 80s. Taking care of both groups is getting expensive.

    "If they can afford to pay for wars, they can afford to pay for the treatment after the wars," says Garry Augustine, with Disabled American Veterans.

              Da Nang trip – Prologue        
    Da Nang is the largest city in Central Vietnam and is the gateway to UNESCO sites: Hoi An, My Son and Hue. Silkair is the sole airline which flies direct from Singapore to Da Nang until Jetstar starts serving Da Nang in Nov 2015.
    Map of Vietnam (extracted from Lonely Planet)

    Jetstar was having the Fly and return for free promotion and return ticket without baggage cost S$122 which is very cheap. I asked my sis if she is interested and we booked the airtix without any hesitation. I chose the Singpost payment option which allows payment to be make within the next 48hrs. This option used to be free but there is a processing fee of $4 per pax now.

    The best period to visit Da Nang is Feb and Mar as there is less rain and lower temperature compared to the other months. One of my colleague visited Da Nang in Aug and she told me that the weather is as hot as Bangkok.

    Jetstar flies to Da Nang thrice a week i.e. Tue, Thu and Sun. We wanted to spend a week there but there was no promo fare for Tue return flight so we will be returning on Sun night. Technically, we have 5 full days as the arrival flight and departure flight are at night. We decided to drop Hue from the itinerary as we do not want a hectic trip and there is limited intercity bus timing per day by Sinh Tourist. As there are only 2 of us, we do not want to book private tour hence we will booking day tour and intercity bus with Sinh Tourist.

    We will be staying at Happy Day Hotel Da Nang which is located along the Han's river. The standard double room cost S$24 per night without breakfast. I booked through Agoda as it slightly cheaper than booking directly from hotel website. In Hoi An, we will be staying at Vinh Hung Library Hotel which is within 10min walk from Hoi An Ancient town. The superior room with no windows cost VND678,000 ~ S$42 per night and is inclusive of breakfast. These 2 hotels are also within walking distance from Sinh Tourist.

    Itinerary for this trip:

    Day 1: Reach Da Nang at 8.05pm (GMT +7)
    Day 2: Marble Mountain, Han Market, Da Nang Cathedral
    Day 3: Hoi An ancient town
    Day 4: My Son
    Day 5: Ba Na Hill
    Day 6: Linh Ung Pagoda Da Nang, Depart Da Nang at 8.20pm (GMT +7)

    Budget for this trip is $400:
    - S$80 for accommodation
    - S$60 for transport
    - S$60 for admission and tour 
    - S$100 for meals
    - S$100 for shopping

    >>Day 1: 21 Mar 17

              Phu Quoc trip - Prologue        
    At first, I was planning where to go for 2016 Good Friday and I saw cheap ticket to Phu Quoc. Then it came to my mind to check out the ticket for 2015 Xmas or 2016 New Year. I did a check and return ticket cost S$156 during the Xmas. I booked without any hesitation as it's a steal to get such cheap ticket during this super peak period. My colleague Lilian and her hubby booked their tickets separately after I shared with her this promotion and they will be travelling together with us.

    Vietnam Airline has launched the flight to Phu Quoc back in Sep 2014 and I was tempted that time as new launch route is usually cheaper. However the dates does not suit me so I decided to gave it a miss. Currently only Vietnam Airlines has direct flight to Phu Quoc and the frequency is twice a week, Thu and Sun. The flight departs on Thu 2.50pm and returns on Sun which means I do not need to apply leave at all! 

    Phu Quoc is Vietnam's largest island and home to the best Fish sauce (nuoc mam) in the world, also reputedly known to produce high quality pepper and fantastic seafood. It is a fast growing tourism destination and is still what Phuket would be, if it hadn't been overrun by development.

    Few days before the trip, I did a quick and brief research on Phu Quoc and was shocked to read on tripadvisor that the flight from SIN to Phu Quoc was terminated due to poor demand. I did not received emails from Vietnam airlines informing me on the cancellation of flights at all so I quickly called up Vietnam airlines office to check. Phew, our flight was not cancelled but was chartered instead which explains the change in flight number.
    Map of Phu Quoc (http://discoverphuquoc.com)

    I have booked Daisy Resort standard bungalow with garden view for 3 nights through Agoda. I have tried to book directly with Daisy Resort but the rate is much cheaper by booking through Agoda which cost $240 for 3 nights stay. Although Daisy Resort does not have it's own beach front, they provide complimentary airport shuttle services, shuttle service to sister's beach resort, breakfast included and Xmas eve BBQ dinner included which make up for it.

    Itinerary for this trip:
    Day 1: Reach @ 3.45pm (GMT+7)
    Day 2: Rest and relax
    Day 3: Land tour
    Day 4: Depart @ 11am (GMT+7)

    Budget for this trip:
    - S$250 for accommodation
    - S$50 for transport
    - S$100 for meals
    - S$50 for massage
    - S$50 for local tour
    >>Day 1: 24 Dec 15

              Mitsubishi to export new model from Indonesia next year, supply Nissan        

    JAKARTA - Mitsubishi Motors Corp  will start exporting its new multipurpose vehicle from its Indonesian plant next year, and plans to eventually supply the model to the group's new parent Nissan Motor , Mitsubishi's chief executive said.

    Mitsubishi on Thursday launched the "Xpander", a new 1.5 litre MPV model, at an car show in Tangerang, on the outskirts of Jakarta.

    "We will export this car across ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) countries starting next February," Mitsubishi Chief Executive Osamu Masuko said at the launch. The company will start exporting to the Philippines, followed by Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam.

    Indonesia overtook Thailand as Southeast Asia's largest car market in recent years and is also growing as a regional production base.

    Mitsubishi aims to produce around 80,000 units of the new model per year, and export 20,000 cars out of the annual production.

    The Xpander "will be the first alliance model with Renault-Nissan", Masuko said.

    Last year, Nissan bought a controlling stake in Mitsubishi for $2.3 billion after the smaller automaker admitted to cheating on mileage tests.

    "It will eventually be supplied to Nissan Motors for the Indonesian market," Masuko said, adding that Nissan had yet to decide the timing and the volumes it wanted. Nissan may also have a different design for the car.

    Nissan chairman Carlos Ghosn in April said it was likely for Mitsubishi and Nissan would do cross-manufacturing in certain areas.



              Missing in Action 2: The Beginning (1985)        

    Prequel to the first Missing In Action, set in the early 1980s it shows the capture of Colonel Braddock during the Vietnam war in the 1970s, and his captivity with other American POWs in a brutal prison camp, and his plans to escape.

    The post Missing in Action 2: The Beginning (1985) appeared first on Movie25.


              DotA v6.72f AI 1.0 "NIGHTMARE"        
     

    Setelah sekian lama beredar rumor akan datangnya Map DotA AI terbaru, sekaranglah kenyataanya. Berbahagialah pemain DotA AI karena Map DotA v6.72f AI sudah keluar. Dengan beberapa perbaikan dari versi yang sebelumnya walaupun masih ada beberapa bugs yang ada tetapi itu tidak mengurangi dahsyatnya permainan DotA-Mu! Langsung saja silahkan dowload Map DotA v6.72f AI ini dengan kode nama 'NIGHTMARE'.



    DotA 6.72f AI 1.0 "Nightmare" Map Download:
    - Download DotA v6.72f AI via Mediafire
    - Download DotA v6.72f AI via Filesonic




    10 Negara Download Map AI terbanyak :

    1. Philippines
    2. Malaysia
    3. Thailand
    4. Brazil
    5. Indonesia
    6. Vietnam
    7. Russian Federation
    8. United States
    9. Turkey
    10. Australia





    DotA v6.72f AI Changelogs/Key Features:

    - Ported to the latest DotA 6.72f
    - Captains Mode support for AI
    - Skilled AI oppononets
    - Rewritten AI system
    - Complete AI for all heroes
    - Multilayer support (no disconnections)
    - New "mode-pack":
    -beginnermode (-bm) = -neng
    -advancedmode (-am) = -nengdedg
    -xtrememode (-xm) = -hehgdedg

              NYC Street Art - SoHo Edition        
    I ❤ to walk around.
    moi - getting caught taking pictures
    Vandal Expressionism, Dee Dee
    unknown
    Fumeroism, WhIsBe, Vandal Expressionism, Adam Dare
    unknown

    We're headed off to the A for a couple of days... And then to Vietnam, Thailand, and Singapore for our month-long family adventure! Farewell, NYC Summer... I'll miss you, but we'll be back soon!

    ☆ all pictures taken from my Instagram account: http://instagram.com/oh_lyeah 

              MLB        
    Alex Woo's MLB Collection
    For the past month and a half I have been working and designing like crazy with my boss to make sure this MLB collection launches on time... I have to say I'm super happy and proud with the results. I hope everyone else loves it as much as I do!
    party time!
    Me (left) and Leah (right) on the step and repeat
    The hard work has paid off and now I can relax and take some time for myself. Leah, my dad, and I are finally doing something my mom (I love, miss, and think about you everyday!!) wanted to do... going overseas to Vietnam - with a couple of detours to Singapore and Thailand... 
    Mara Hoffman bikinis - done packing!
    ... Ready for you.

              Î“ερμανία: Έρευνα για την υπόθεση απαγωγής βιετναμέζου πρώην στελέχους πετρελαϊκής εταιρείας        

    Η γερμανική Ομοσπονδιακή Εισαγγελία ανέλαβε σήμερα την έρευνα για την φερόμενη απαγωγή του βιετναμέζου Τριν Χουάν Θαν, πρώην στελέχους της κρατικής πετρελαϊκής εταιρείας PetroVietnam, ο οποίος, όπως καταγγέλλει το Βερολίνο, απήχθη τον περασμένο μήνα από πράκτορες των βιετναμικών μυστικών υπηρεσιών.


              Circumstances of Irises Pomp        
    There is "pomp" and there is more pomp. Graduations are taking place all over our city and country. We are not going to attend any (we haven't been invited) so our attention is focused on the things whose circumstances we do attend . . . Irises for one:


    Don't ya just love 'em? We have been waiting all spring for the Irises in our yard to bloom. A few days ago, my daughter sent me a photo of one of their Irises that just bloomed -- the lower left pic above.  I checked ours and they were in the budding stage as seen in the other bottom pics above.

    Then, the very next morning, they blossomed and they are shown in the top three photos. The fourth photo, top right, is of Van Gogh's painting, of course (we have that in puzzle form).

    It is so interesting that the Irises in our yard blossomed within one day of the Irises in Lisa's yard and she lives 800 miles to our north. These flowers seem so independent yet they do act in unison.

    This was a strange week in a way. I did do some research on Memorial Day (like most days) but research is like a box of chocolates -- you never know what you might get or find.


    Appropriately, I was looking for military type records on Memorial Day, and as luck would have it Ancestry.com also had just released some new type military records.

    I put the above article in to emphasize the fact that so many of the military records that I would like to find were destroyed in 1973 -- 80% of the Army personnel who discharged between 1912 and 1960 were lost.

    And that is what has been my dilemma as I try to piece together my father's military service. But I have seen some evidence of my younger brother's Navy experience since he served in the 60s.


    Above, that is Jon in basic training being shown how to hold his weapon. On the right is a photo of the U.S.S. Gallant, the minesweeper that he served on and my other brother and I watched as he sailed out of the Port of Long Beach on his way to Vietnam.

    Besides the patrols on the Mekong Delta, that ship was the one where the Elvis Presley movie, "Easy Come, Easy Go" was filmed in 1966 or 67 and Jon is shown at the helm in the movie with a brief speaking statement . . .

    Now, back to what I was lucky enough to find out about a snippet of my father's service:


    Above is the Army Transport ship "USAT Chateau Thierry" and my father was on that ship in 1926.

    My father did not talk about his service days very much. Once in a while he mentioned bits and pieces now and again -- but never very much. He did have one tattoo -- one word "Honolulu" in the crook of his arm. I wondered when he was there and the circumstances of that duty.


    The answer to the above question is that he arrived in San Francisco on 31 Aug 1926 from Honolulu, Hawaii. So, of course, that means prior to that time he was in Hawaii -- and probably got that tattoo around that time as well.

    What is interesting too is that I found a second record showing him, again arriving in San Francisco just less than a month later -- this time on the ship "Cambrai" and this time from New York.


    So, while finding these two records is great information (thank you Ancestry.com) it is confusing to me as to the circumstances of this two trips on troop transports.

    I never heard my father speak of San Francisco with respect to military service. I am glad to have this information and it begs for more details -- maybe, just maybe more records will be found that were not destroyed in that fire . . .

    So to wrap up this post, the sentiment expressed to the right is so true. The Irises are still in their process of expression and I find myself  totally in a
    state of still searching . . .

    It is like hitting a "jackpot" when I stumble onto new information. I almost did not read the email from Ancestry.com telling about the release of that data.

    I'm so glad for whatever reason I opened that mail and for finding the info. I'm sure there are other details for other relatives in that database -- so back to searching.


    That is a bit of our week. See you all "in a few".
              Memorable Times        
    This springtime has truly shown us a variety of weather changes. This week it has been A/C, on again, off again . . . today it is in the middle range -- do we or don't we, probably we won't . . .

    It is Memorial Day weekend and of course, Monday is the 29th of May and the 4th Monday in May,
    so we commemorate.



    Originally, Memorial Day in the U.S. was Decoration Day and it was mostly to remember those who lost their lives in the Civil War. It was commemorated on May 30th, whatever day that happened to be.
    These days, it is Memorial Day, 4th Monday in May and it commemorates all those who died in all the wars we were involved in -- that changed in the 1970s. In my mind, I hadn't remembered that it changed in the 70s during the Vietnam era.


    To me, what would Memorial Day be without the "Indy 500". Though I've never attended, I've enjoyed watching for many years.

    These days though, since I record the race, I usually watch the beginning and the ending and maybe some of the middle. 

    I can't imagine watching for almost three hours. Maybe it would be different to attend in person, but we're happy to watch from the couch.



    With some of the cool nights this week Dino was enjoying his "nighttime bed".

    Dino is fairly good-size and weighs about 85 pounds -- in this snapshot, he is exposing maybe one pound or so.

    He comes to bed when we retire and he crawls into that bed and stays most of the night that way. 

    He absolutely loves that bed and the comfort that it gives him.
    We love seeing him enjoy it!


    Also during this week, Gail finished working on one puzzle and started a new one.

    These are great puzzles and we have several of them and just might find the need to purchase another or two.

    I've enjoyed putting puzzles together since I was young. Sometimes it is just relaxing to struggle with finding just the right piece or series of pieces.   Lately, we listen to the Giants lose another game while working on the puzzle . . .




    And this is the season to celebrate the memorable occasion of graduation.

    I am aware of three graduations in a close branch -- there are probably more that I don't know about.

    But, congratulations to Jessica Hiles, Amanda Willmes and to Olivia Hiles for completing this stage of their education.

    We look forward to hearing great things from each of the graduates.



    And lastly -- What is on our nightstand currently:


    We are currently about halfway through reading Megyn's book:  "Settle for More". Actually, it might very well be an excellent book for each of the current three graduates to read.

    We are enjoying the book very much. Recently, Megyn is settling for more by moving from CNN to NBC. And her new show "Sunday Night" begins June 4th.

    So, that is a bit of our week.  See you all "in a few"!



              CJ Navato        
    Name:            CJ Navato
    Real Name:    Christianne Jose B. Navato
    Birthday:        September 13, 1996
    From:             Philippines
    Occupation:    Actor

    Christianne Jose B. Navato better known by his screen name CJ Navato is a Filipino child-actor. He was born on September 13, 1996 in the Philippines.


    Year Title Character/Role
    2008 Maalaala Mo Kaya
    2007 Maalaala Mo Kaya-Airport Young Joseph Impreso
    2007 Salam Ato
    2005 Nginig
    2005 Vietnam Rose young Tam
    2005 Maalaala Mo Kaya - Rico Barrera story young Rico
    2005 Mga Anghel na Walang Langit Jerome
    2005 Ikaw ang Lahat sa Akin young Third
    2004 Maalaala Mo Kaya - Billy Crawford story young Billy
    2004 Krystala young Igo
    2004 Star Circle Quest Himself


    This 2012. CJ starring as BOOM in LUV U. He will be paired with Angeli Gonzales as April.



              The Cultural Cold War by Frances Stonor Saunders        
    The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters

    This book provides a detailed account of the ways in which the CIA penetrated and influenced a vast array of cultural organizations, through its front groups and via friendly philanthropic organizations like the Ford and Rockefeller Foundations.

    The author, Frances Stonor Saunders, details how and why the CIA ran cultural congresses, mounted exhibits, and organized concerts. The CIA also published and translated well-known authors who toed the Washington line, sponsored abstract art to counteract art with any social content and, throughout the world, subsidized journals that criticized Marxism, communism, and revolutionary politics and apologized for, or ignored, violent and destructive imperialist U.S. policies. The CIA was able to harness some of the most vocal exponents of intellectual freedom in the West in service of these policies, to the extent that some intellectuals were directly on the CIA payroll. Many were knowingly involved with CIA “projects,” and others drifted in and out of its orbit, claiming ignorance of the CIA connection after their CIA sponsors were publicly exposed during the late 1960s and the Vietnam war, after the turn of the political tide to the left.

    You can freely download this important book for your personal reading in PDF via this link or buy The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters at Amazon

              L’abito da sposa più costoso del Vietnam        
    Nella società del lusso figuriamoci se il giorno più bello nella vita di una donna non può non essere esageratamente luxury.Tutto dovrà essere perfetto a partire dalla chiesa, il ricevimento, l’abito, le scarpe, gli…
              MUST DOWNLOAD APP: PENSHOPPE        
    I must admit that I used to be not into mobile apps for the sole reason of me foregoing "experiencing" the world and just rely everything that I need on technology. Online shopping? It was not for me. I wanna physically experience the thrill of the hunt. The interaction with the people. The victory of finding a good deal.

    But that was then when I was younger (and with no credit card to my name -hehe). As I grew older, I started to slowly venture into the wonderful world of mobile apps. I actually downloaded around 30 in the past 3 months. Several of those were online shopping apps. I'm hooked! I guess, aside from age, it also goes with the amount of responsibilities that I have taken on putting physical shopping on the bottom of my priority list.

    But I realized, I also need my exercise. Just armed with the convenience of mobile apps.

    One mobile app that I recently discovered is Penshoppe. "Finally!" I thought when I found out about it.  It's not an online shopping app by the way. It's a balance between physical shopping and being updated on the latest about the brand with lots of perks and rewards!

    So what's with the app?

    Here's an overview:


    After completing the first two steps, you can now start earning points and redeem rewards!

    What I like most about the app is that aside from the usual features you see on other retail mobile apps like the Catalogue, Store Locator, etc.,

    Penshoppe's also come with a beefed up MyPenshoppe Loyalty program where you can earn 1 point for every Php10 spent (Php1,000 = 10 points) and more! How do like a discount e-voucher on your Birthday? How about an invitation to Penshoppe's exclusive events? All that is in the app!

    Plus, it's also nice to see your celebrity crushes and idols wearing the latest from Penshoppe on the home page enticing you to visit the store and shop now!

    And as a launching treat, the Penshoppe App will give 10% off e-voucher welcome gift to new subscribers for a limited time only.


    About Penshoppe
    Founded in 1986, Penshoppe is the flagship brand of Golden ABC, Inc. Known for its fresh take on casual wear, Penshoppe has since evolved into an international fashion and lifestyle brand located not only in the Philippines but also in other countries in Asia and the middle East, including Indonesia, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the Kingdom of Bahrain, U.A.E, Vietnam, Cambodia, Hong Kong, Singapore, Malaysia, and in Taiwan through online retail partner Zalora. To know more about Penshoppe, please visit www.penshoppe.com or follow them on Facebook at Penshoppe, on Instagram with handle @penshoppe, on Twitter as @PENSHOPPE, and on Snapchat at @teampenshoppe.

              Commentaires sur Un road trip au Portugal, de Lisbonne à Porto par Circuit Vietnam        
    merci pur cette balade au Portugal ca m est arrivé aussi de ne pas avoir de coup de coeur pour une ville que tout le monde adore ca fait pchit comme dirait l autre je ne connais pas Porto j etais allé à Lisbonne il y a 8 ans le coup de foudre pour un endroit cela ne s explique pas
              By: powerkeys        
    To hear that Rhinos still roam the Vietnamese forest, in spite of all that happened in the past...that gives hope...eart can survive in spite of all our human madness.
              Sean Gill's "Shore Leave" in Columbia Journal        
    My latest short fiction "Shore Leave," a nontraditional ghost story set in modern-day Vietnam, has been published online in Columbia Journal, the literary journal of the Columbia University School of the Arts Graduate Writing program. Columbia Journal has previously featured work by Raymond Carver, Noam Chomsky, and Lydia Davis.
              Freedom, Not Fear        
    I saw the lights of the pick-up truck in the cool, dark morning long before it drove past me. Heading south toward the intersection of the street and the park, I assumed the driver was a groundskeeper or the like. It's not unusual to see someone unlock the bathroom facilities or head on the park path toward the club path in the early morning.

    But as I made my way to the outer edges of the park on a pre-dawn run – a solo outing that life necessitated – I was a bit surprised to see that the truck didn't turn right into the park and nor did the driver stop at the bathroom facility. With each step I took, I waited to see the headlights come toward me and the driver leaving the area, certainly having made a wrong turn.

    Unnerved. Unsettled.

    I could feel a heaviness grow in my abdomen as I passed the truck, parked off the road and under some trees – beyond the parking area, beyond the baseball diamonds, beyond anything notable. Even in the middle of the day, there are few reasons to park there. And yet, there was the truck.

    My breathing grew labored, my pace quickened and my chin took up residence on my shoulder. "This is it," I thought. "This is it."

    I shouldn't have ran this way, I chided myself. I should have headed north on the road alongside the park. I should have stayed in the neighborhood. I should not have taken this section of trail that is unlit and leading away from the park. I know better.

    I just needed to get to the cut off, where I could slip from the trail onto a sidewalk that led me into a tony neighborhood. A safe neighborhood. A place where I would never think to look over my shoulder.

    But as I got closer to that spot, I saw something in the distance. I couldn't tell if it was the fear that, at this point, had consumed me. I didn't know whether it was an animal, a shadow, a tree.

    Soon, I knew. I knew it all.

    It was a man, the driver of the truck, walking with his dog. He stepped aside and said hello, allowing me to pass.

    I wanted to ask what he was doing there, why he was out walking in the dark, but he would be entitled to ask me the same. I had no more right to be on that trail than he did.

    Dorothy Beal, whom I met years ago at Hood to Coast and have kept in touch with via social media, recently penned a post for Active.com about what it's like to be a female runner {read it HERE}. The piece paints a frightening image of being followed, harassed, objectified and scared – things that are all too familiar. The stories, the attacks, the fear. And it can change how you run. It can change you.

    But as I read the piece, and let it be said that I respect her perspective, all I could think about is that it's a terrible way to feel. I want to feel freedom when I run, not frightened.

    And it's a choice I have to make every time I head out by myself.

    When I pass someone on a park bench as I run on the outskirts of downtown during lunch, I don't think about him noticing my phone or pricey watch. I refuse to picture him jumping from the bench and grabbing me. Sure, it could happen. However, I think about why he's there. It could be sad or sinister or completely harmless. Just as I have a right to run and feel secure, he has a right to be there and not to be criminalized.

    When a passing driver honks, I take a deep breath and keep my composure and pray for his sanity. If my sweaty self is what he thinks is worthy of such actions, then he needs help.

    When I pass a man who looks like an "undesirable," ruffled and scuffled, I take a deep breath, continue at my pace and wave. He is a person. He is someone I do not know – and that should not make me scared. It should make me open to accepting his story and his circumstances.

    Maybe it's my stepfather who led me to this perspective. Rough around the edges with a gruff voice and thick beard, he would have been someone that made me scared to pass on the street. He didn't dress in fancy clothes, he didn't drive a nice car and he didn't have the best social skills. But there wasn't danger there; there was love and generosity. The other things were created by circumstance – tours in Vietnam, life as a prisoner of war, abuse in the VA system. His experiences were ones no one should ever have to live through and yet he did, and it's no wonder he was the way he was. It would not have been fair to him for someone to boil him down to a demon with male genitalia. It would not be fair to make him a rapist or a thief or a killer.

    And, yes, it's not fair that we live in a world where things have happened to make us feel like we don't have any other option. But I am creating one.

    So this week, as I ran along the trail and under a bridge, I didn't speed up or head to the trail spur when I saw someone up ahead. I lifted my hand, put a smile on my face and brought the words "Good morning" to my lips. I said a prayer for him and for myself that the day would treat us kindly.

    And I continued on.
              Rich Dad’s Guide to Investing        
    Rich Dad’s Guide to Investing By: Robert T. Kiyosaki and Sharon L. Lechter This book begins with me returning from Vietnam in 1973. I had less than a year to go before I was going to be discharged from the Marine Corps. That meant that in less than a year, I was going to have no job, no money, and no assets. So this book begins at a point that many of you may recognize and that is a point of
              Peak White Man        
    As published at OpEd News, Unz Review and Intrepid Report, 8/7/17:





    In a few hours, I'll fly to Europe, my favorite continent, and why not? Most of my intellectual and artistic heroes are Europeans, Kakfa, Beckmann, Kippenberger, Siebald, Rabelais, Rimbaud, Celine, Orwell, Kundera, Dostoievsky and Milosz, etc. I've spent significant time in Italy, England and Germany, and have fond memories of a least a dozen other European countries, all very distinctive from each other. Still.

    White culture has dominated much of the world for several centuries, but it is winding down through self hatred. The white left mostly hate whites, while most of the white right are contemptuous of everybody else. Half of whites, then, hate the other half, and contemporary white culture is a degraded mess. Think Katy Perry being breaded, kneaded, garnished then cooked. Free of war and colonialism, whites are doing a fine job of destroying themselves.

    Many are cheering. It's about time! Susan Sontag in 1967, "The white race is the cancer of human history; it is the white race and it alone—its ideologies and inventions—which eradicates autonomous civilizations wherever it spreads, which has upset the ecological balance of the planet, which now threatens the very existence of life itself."

    After white hegemony comes Chinese leadership, many whites themselves are hoping. When I was in Leipzig in 2015, a German friend insisted that the Chinese were lifting up the Third World. It was a constructive partnership, he said, unlike murderously exploitative white colonialism. Often citing Andre Vltchek, this man believed that a resurgent Communism would be led by Russia and China. He didn't care for my observation that the Russians and Chinese had regained their footing, confidence and compass thanks to nationalism. Nationalism is reactionary, he believed. He himself didn't feel German and could care less for the concept. Most tellingly, this man had never been outside Germany. He didn't know how grounded to Germany he was.

    No population anywhere needs a global ideology. Not only is global solidarity unachievable, but undesirable.

    Bereft of a homeland, many Jews dreamt of a international brotherhood, thus the nightmarish chimera of Communism, which is defended to this day by the most emotionally arrested, historically amnesiac or simply hypocritical. Many who extol the virtues of international Communism will also rabidly defend the ultra nationalist and racist state of Israel.

    In the popular mind, the evilness of white culture is epitomized by Nazi Germany, with Germans forever stigmatized as the worst of whites. Contemporary Germany, however, is one that supposedly allowed 500+ German women to be sexually assaulted by Muslims in Cologne during New Year's Eve of 2016. Germany is really that neutered, goes the narrative.

    Perhaps emboldened by such, Vietnam recently kidnapped a Vietnamese asylum seeker from the Tiergarten, right in the heart of Berlin, then smuggled him back to Hanoi to stand trial. A former head of the state-owned oil company, Trinh Xuan Thanh is accused of pinching $150 million. Maybe Turkey will follow suit and snatch a few of Edorgan's enemies?

    I'll be in Barcelona by morning. Emerging from the train onto the Placa de Catalunya in 2003, I encountered so many Africans and Chinese peddling goods, I thought I was in, well, Naples or Belleville in Paris. My mind has been in Spain for weeks. Reading Spanish newspapers, I learnt that a Senegalese had been beaten to death by four other Africans in Salou, just a 15 minute drive from Taragona, where I'll be staying with Jonathan Revusky.

    In Salou in 2015, a Senegalese peddler of pirated DVDs, counterfeit sunglasses and fake handbags jumped to his death from a third floor balcony as police raided his apartment. This led to two days of clashes between 100+ Senegalese and police.

    In Florence more than a decade ago, I often ran into Africans selling bogus goods made by Chinese, often in nearby Prato. With a population of 191,104, it has 45,000 Chinese.

    Taragona and Bacerlona Provinces are 10% Muslims, the highest in Spain. In Reus, a law was passed in 2014 banning burquas. When it was struck down by the Spanish Supreme Court, this code was revised to ban all full-face coverings, so you best not loiter in the Reus McDonald's while wearing a motorcycle helmet, baclava or facekini.

    I read that in Pizarra, population 8,990, a three-year-old girl was hit by a train. What's most remarkable is that as news of her disappearance spread around midnight, 300 locals immediately volunteered to search for her. That's the kind of small town Europe I remember, having spent two years in Certaldo, Italy, population 16,000.

    You see, where every stone tells a story, people are ardently loyal to their home turf. Shared history matters. Strip malls don't. Europe will only be saved if the American empire, with its corrosive ideologies and madnesses, collapses, and this will happen soon enough. There is hope.





    .
              Vietnamese Spring Rolls with Orange-Almond Sauce        

    I very rarely veer off my “tried and true” basic recipe for Vietnamese Nuoc Cham (dipping sauce with lime juice, fish sauce, chili peppers, sugar, water) for Vietnamese Spring Rolls. It’s easy, predictable and I can make the sauce just by taste without measuring anything! But just because I *LOVE* something doesn’t mean that my entire family […]

    The post Vietnamese Spring Rolls with Orange-Almond Sauce appeared first on Steamy Kitchen Recipes.


              Vietnamese Spring Rolls with Slow Cooker Pork        

    (Video) Vietnamese Spring Rolls with Slow Cooker Orange Coriander Pork. Simple slow cooker recipe! Watch step by step video on how to roll Vietnamese Spring Rolls.

    The post Vietnamese Spring Rolls with Slow Cooker Pork appeared first on Steamy Kitchen Recipes.


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              The China-US Maritime “Spying” Debate        

    →  

    Photo Credit: Defense Industry Daily

    BY MARK J. VALENCIA

    The China-US Maritime “Spying” Debate

    Aug. 04, 2017  |     | 

     

      http://www.ippreview.com/index.php/Blog/single/id/522.html

    The Australian Department of Defence confirmed that last week a Chinese Dongdiao-class Auxiliary General Intelligence (AGI) vessel monitored the US-Australia Talisman Sabre joint military exercises from within Australia’s 200 nm Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). This “first-ever” Chinese incursion of its type in Australia’s EEZ has sparked both alarm and an international debate. Many say China is hypocritical because it is undertaking intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) missions in other countries’ 200 nm EEZs while opposing those of the US in its own EEZ. But there are significant differences in scale, technological capability, methods, and objectives between what China and the US are doing.

    China’s first “public” attempt at maritime spying in the US EEZ was when an uninvited People’s Liberation Army Navy (PLAN) AGI vessel operated in Hawaii’s EEZ to observe RIMPAC 2014, a multinational naval exercise. Also in 2014, a Chinese AGI vessel was observed off Guam during a US military exercise. According to then-Commander of the US Pacific Command (PACOM) Admiral Samuel Locklear: “The good news about this is that it’s a recognition, I think, or an acceptance by the Chinese of what we’ve been saying to them for some time, [which] is that military operations and survey operations in another country’s EEZs, where you have national—your own national security interest, are within international law and are acceptable.” But such simplistic comparisons are deceptive and potentially dangerous. They can lead to the false hope that China will eventually “see the light” and quietly assent to activities it considers threatening because “it is undertaking similar activities.”

    But the scale is very different. Ironically, the “different scale” argument was first used against China by China critics to demonize its occupations and “militarization” of features in the South China Sea. Although these critics grudgingly acknowledged that China was not doing anything other claimants had not done, nevertheless China’s behavior was singled out as unacceptable because of the much greater scale and “aggressiveness” of its activities.

    It seems that the tables are now turned. Although the critics argue that China is doing “the same thing” as the US, the scale of US ISR missions against China is probably an order of magnitude greater than that of China against the US. For example, as of 2017, PLAN had only three AGI vessels. Of course, China also has ISR planes, drones, and satellites but their number and capabilities pale in comparison to those of US assets.

    Indeed, the US has a huge array of ISR planes, surface vessels, submarines, and drones — many of which, like the subhunter Impeccable, have specialized functions. The US has by far the world’s largest and most capable force of signals intelligence (SIGINT) aircraft. Moreover, most of the US Navy’s top-of-the-line combatants like the Ticonderoga-class cruisers and the Arleigh Burke-class destroyers as well as its submarines are equipped to carry out SIGINT missions. Further, no other country matches the US’ number and array of robotic aircraft and seacraft (drones), particularly in terms of their range and advanced weapons and sensors, coupled with the necessary satellite and telecommunications support systems. US satellite IRS capacity greatly exceeds that of China. In terms of deployment, the US flies hundreds of manned ISR missions every year along China’s coast. There have been no public reports of similar Chinese aerial ISR missions off the US mainland coast.

    Technological capabilities, techniques and objectives are other major differences. Yes, China does insert ISR platforms into other countries’ EEZs — like that of Japan. But it is likely that Chinese technological capabilities and activities in terms of intrusive methods used and information obtained are so substantially inferior to and different from those of the US as to be in a separate, much lower category, e.g., passive listening versus active probing or electronic interference with, and even manipulation of, communications.

    But this is unconfirmed because the US is not being “transparent” when it comes to ISR capabilities. Again ironically, Locklear said of China’s military modernization: “What we should be concerned about though is what we perceive as a lack of transparency on their part in why they are building the type of systems they are building. Quite frankly, it makes their neighbours nervous and it gives us some cause for concern here at PACOM about the type of military they are building and the type of equipment they are buying.”

    A confidential US Navy-National Security Agency (NSA) report revealed by Edward Snowden shows that China’s concerns regarding America’s ISR missions off its coasts are justified.

    But in the case of ISR, it is the extent of capabilities that is not publicly known. To convince sceptics that there is anything near parity between Chinese and US ISR capabilities, those making the “China does the same thing” argument — especially those in the US Navy, need to reveal exactly what it is that the US is doing in China’s near seas so that all can evaluate it for themselves. Otherwise their arguments will fall on deaf ears, and independent and neutral analysts can only speculate based on what little is known.

    In general, it is known that US ISR assets collect communications between the target country’s command-and-control centres and radar and weapons systems, including surface-to-air missiles, anti-aircraft artillery, and fighter aircraft. Other US ISR probes collect “actionable” intelligence for expeditionary and irregular warfare.

    Incidents involving ISR aircraft like the EP-3 and the Poseidon 8A, as well as the US Navy ships Bowditch, Impeccable, and Cowpens, may have collectively included active “tickling” of China’s coastal defences to provoke and observe responses, interference with shore-to-ship and submarine communications, violation or abuse of the consent regime for marine scientific research, damage to the environment, and tracking China’s new nuclear submarines for potential targeting.

    If so, these are not passive intelligence collection activities commonly undertaken and usually tolerated by many states, including China. Rather they are intrusive, provocative, and controversial practices that may be considered a threat to use force or violations of both China’s marine scientific consent and its environmental protection regimes. This could occur when and if the Poseiden 8 drops sonobuoys (which are part of its repertoire) or the Impeccable and Bowditch deploy “scientific instruments” in China’s EEZ. Indeed, China’s EEZ environment may be degraded if US sonar systems or live fire exercises adversely affect fish and mammals like whales and dolphins.

    But much of this is unconfirmed. What do we — the public — know?

    A confidential US Navy-National Security Agency (NSA) report revealed by Edward Snowden shows that China’s concerns regarding America’s ISR missions off its coasts are justified. The 2001 report reveals that in the EP-3 incident, the crew was unable to destroy all the secret data and systems on board, and details the scope of secrets exposed to China.

    The exposed information contained the fact that the US has “the ability to locate and collect transmissions to or from Chinese submarines and to correlate them to specific vessels.” The plane also carried data that clarified “how much the US knew about China’s submarine-launched ballistic missiles program.” Also, according to the report, as speculated, the missions spur targeted militaries to react, thus creating communications that can be intercepted.

    So, it does appear that the US has a huge advantage over China when it comes to ISR. But unlike Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam, China does not oppose all foreign military activities in its EEZ without its permission. Nevertheless, China certainly does object by word and deed to what it perceives as US abuse of the right of freedom of navigation and a threat to use force.

    In sum, China apparently believes that these activities violate the peaceful purpose and uses provisions of UNCLOS, as well as its UNCLOS EEZ resource rights and environmental obligations. China also thinks that the US is “preparing the battle field” and that this constitutes a violation of the UN Charter as well as UNCLOS. In particular, China alleges that the US is not abiding by its obligation to pay “due regard” to its rights and duties as a coastal state. Such due regard in the EEZ is required by UNCLOS for both the coastal state and the user state, but is undefined.

    Whether these concerns are valid or not, China is probably not violating these UNCLOS provisions with its AGI vessel activities and the US may well be doing so — on a grand scale. The US may want to reconsider and modify its superficial and misleading argument that both are doing the same thing


              China Vietnam relations fall to a one year low over new Maritime dispute        

    https://www.forbes.com/sites/ralphjennings/2017/07/31/china-vietnam-relations-fall-to-a-one-year-low-over-a-new-maritime-dispute/?c=0&s=trending#576e5ec61365

    An anti-China activist holds a poster saying '74 (Vietnamese) martyrs live forever' during a rally marking the 42nd anniversary of the 1974 naval battle between China and then-South Vietnamese troops over the Paracel Islands, in Hanoi on January 19, 2017. (HOANG DINH NAM/AFP/Getty Images)

    After a world court tribunal ruled last year in July that Beijing lacked legal rights to claim most of the South China Sea, it stepped up talks with the chief maritime disputant Vietnam. Vietnam and China contest sovereignty over the sea’s two major island chains and a lot more. Both remember deadly naval clashes in 1974 and 1988 for control over some of those islets. Three years ago, anti-China riots broke out in Vietnam after Beijing let a Chinese offshore oil driller park a rig 240 kilometers east of the Vietnamese coast.

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    Now they’re at it again despite all the talking. This dispute has pushed Sino-Vietnamese ties to a one-year low that will probably last a while yet not lead to any use of force.

    The latest problem began when Vietnam and a Spanish contractor set out in June to explore for oil or natural gas beneath the seabed near Vanguard Bank, which is under Vietnamese control, say analysts who follow Southeast Asia. Beijing says that feature in the Spratly chain rightfully belongs under its flag. It may separately resent the influence of India, a not-so-pro-China country without a claim of its own to the disputed 3.5 million-square-kilometer sea. Vietnam this year extended a deal with the overseas subsidiary of India’s state-run firm ONGC to explore for fossil fuels in a tract that China contests.

    China says about 90% of the sea is its own, including tracts that overlap the exclusive economic zones of Brunei and Malaysia. It has landfilled disputed islets for military installations to bolt down its claims. Five other governments claim parts of the sea. Vietnam, which has also fought China over a land border, historically has been the most outspoken.

    In June a Chinese Central Military Commission vice chairman cut short his visit to Vietnam, the official Xinhua News Agency in Beijing reported. It didn’t say Vietnamese oil exploration prompted the official to leave early, but experts call that the chief reason. In late July China strongly pressured Vietnam to withdraw from the tract near Vanguard Bank, analysts believe.

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    “China’s reported threat to Vietnam forms part of a pattern of increased bellicosity from China,” Carl Thayer, emeritus professor at The University of New South Wales in Australia, says in a July 25 research note. “At the extreme end of the spectrum, China could fire warning shots at the exploration vessel or, as threatened, take some form of limited military action against one of the features that Vietnam occupies.”

    Neither government wants another clash by force, so analysts expect them to keep talking, possibly at the Communist Party-to-Communist Party level at first. But that dialogue would only dampen the dispute, not solve it. The core disagreement just runs too deep.

    Vietnamese officials say the world court ruling gives it rights to Vanguard Bank, while China rejects the whole ruling. Vanguard Bank had loomed as a sticking point in 2011 too, when a Chinese fishing vessel cut a Vietnamese boat’s cable there. “Vietnam may withdraw its rig this time because it has completed operation, or to defuse tension, but it will not give up its claim there,” says Le Hong Hiep, research fellow with the ISEAS Yusof Ishak Institute in Singapore. “Future waves of tensions over this area should be expected


              Averill elected chairman of Washington Emergency Management Council        

    Ron Averill of Centralia was chosen as the new chairman of the Washington Emergency Management Council on March 3. 

    The Emergency Management Council functions to advise the Adjutant General and the governor concerning state and local emergency plans, policies and grants.

    Averill graduated from the University of Southern California and also served in Vietnam, in which he received the Bronze Star twice. A retired U.S. Army colonel, Averill worked with the state of Hawaii Military Department Division of Civil Defense, planning emergencies strategies for two years. He also worked as a political science and international relations professor at Hawaii Pacific University and South Puget Sound Community College; he then served as the dean of Social Sciences at SPSCC. 

    Averill has also served as the Lewis County commissioner, is on the advisory council for the Washington State Association of Counties, serves on the Chehalis Basin Flood Authority and assists the Washington State Association of Counties.

    Averill gained specific flood experience in 2007, when a flood closed Interstate 5 in Centralia. This then prompted him to learn more about the state's relationship with the local government concerning safety regulations. His work in Lewis County provided better early warning and responses and provided up-to-date emergency plans. He began working on the Emergency Management Council in 2010 through the governor of the time, Chris Gregoire.

    Although Averill has never personally been flooded, as his house is up past 200 feet in elevation, he noted he has been unable to leave the hill he lives on multiple occasions, and that he still has flood preparation materials. 

    He hopes that communication and coordination can be improved, though he also made clear the need for grace.

    “The EMC is an advisory board to the TAG and the governor on emergency management, not an operating agency,” Averill said. “We need to remember that all of the members of the council have full-time jobs and responsibilities, so their responsibility of articulating policy, system challenges, intergovernmental coordination and funding needs requires adequate staff support to provide the documentation.”


              Vietnam (ベトナム Betonamu?)        


    Vietnam.


    Viste un ao dai (vestido tradicional vietnamita) de color verde. Su cabello es negro y largo, y lo lleva recogido en una coleta baja.
    Hizo aparición en los bocetos de Himaruya y aún no se ha presentado oficialmente en el manga.
                      
    (Typed before I had access to any news)
    So, apparently, Occupy Wall Street is under attack. Or was. Even the media was first uninformed, then arrested when some reporters showed up, and the protestors have lost Zucotti Park. My cell phone, my only real source of news outside the camp except for my fellow Ninety-Niners, won't keep a decent charge in the cold, but the last text message I got from my PuppetMan (a dear friend in Chicago who is one of the artists of PuppetBike there) was that OWS was blowin' up. I went to bed knowing the police were there, but didn't know what would happen. And I still don't know what's happening, as the camp is particularly empty this morning. I won't know much until I go up the hill to charge my phone and hear the news, which is when I'll also post this notepad creation to Bicycles and Beansprouts. If I'm lucky, I'll have just enough charge on my laptop every day to formulate a post while I'm sitting in my warm sleeping bag, waiting for my day to start. And because there's so much uncertainty to what is happening to the peaceful occupation movement in New York, I'm feeling a bit more unsettled than the last 15 or 16 mornings I've woken up in my wee tent here.

    What happens there affects us here, as we are their 99% and they are ours. I fear for them. And for all the movements that are peaceful. We are horribly misrepresented by the majority of the media. Any drug overdose you hear about in an encampment is one that could have and probably would have happened anywhere else. As for filth, this park is cleaner than it was before we occupied it. Sure, we each have our representatives that might not serve as well as others, but that's also true in any organization or family. The media, a tool for the very corporations guilty of the deeds that have wrecked our planet, will show you only what they're "allowed" to show you. Remember the twins in "Good Morning, Vietnam", the ones who censored the news feed feed before Robin Williams' character could read it on the air because "what we didn't know wouldn't hurt us"? If you don't believe that the media is controlling you just as it is being controlled, then you're probably not the right type of audience for me, quite frankly. No offense, but please...do some thinkering.

    I digress. Occupy Wall Street. Without knowing what's going on, my mind has the potential to fear the worst: rubber bullets and fractured skulls, pepper spray and skin burns, tear gas and mass confusion, mayhem, and chaos...in another word, WAR. Why?!? Someone please make me understand how camping peacefully (if they're even allowed tents) and doing the necessary work to make things right in our government at long last is a crime. And even if it is, how is it feasible that it's so potentially dangerous to anyone but the 1% that the police need to go to such great lengths to hurt the peacemongers who don't have riot shields to hide behind? We're unarmed. No weapons allowed. As far as I know, the movement of non-violence is prevalent throughout every Occupy movement. So why are we battled out of the places we paid to build with violence and weapons? I can't fathom where treatment of people is acceptable in any country, but this is us...the good ol' USA. And just like in the wars where we send our young men and women to battle for reasons they're not told and lies they believe, we are at war with our own countrymen because of the same lies. Only we don't have bullets, pepper spray, tear gas, riot gear, and batons. Those of you still scratching your heads, saying, "You 99% camps...we still don't get it"? You may not understand, but the 1% does, and they're scared. And as always, they administer hate as a treatment for what they fear. They are sending our own countrymen after us. And not for the reasons you're being fed by the media.

    I can't imagine being rousted out of my warm sleeping spot by someone behind a riot shield, wearing full protection, identity obscured by a mask. How scary. Are sleeping peacemongerers really that dangerous? Beside the point is that our First Amendment tells us we can peaceably assemble. And now we're having that right not only ignored, but raped away from us in the middle of the night by men with weapons. In what operating system is this right? What kind of mind would acquiesce to those kind of orders? Law enforcement officers are just as lucky as the rest of the country to have a job these days, but where is the line of integrity drawn?

    Those who do not learn from history are doomed to repeat it. War has NEVER worked. Isn't it time we tried peace? Speaking for my camp, we do an excellent job of that, and I'm fairly certain that we truly are the 99%...our camps are like those of the others. Peaceful. Non-violent. Not deserving to be evicted from the parks we paid for, but worse, we are being physically assaulted in the process. I say "we" in solidarity, as the police here have been most gracious. We would hope that their jobs have been maybe even a tad easier since we include the homeless in our community, helping them stay off the streets to some degree. I can't imagine a single reason that the police might be justified in tearing apart our camp, especially armed to the hilt against unarmed citizens who do well just to stay warm against the winter cold.

    Have you not felt the great civil unrest? Have you not realized that every revolution has to start somewhere, and this is it? Even in places like Bellingham, "the City of Subdued Excitement", population 80,000ish, there is a shift occurring. People are waking up to the injustice we have experienced not only ourselves, but to the wrongs done to our friends and family, our communities and small merchants, the mom-n-pop shops and restaurants that I am coming to love more and more as I work on blog posts and research from the comfort of a place where I can get a cuppa and borrow some 'lectric juice for my phone (and now my laptop). There is no comparison to sitting in a building with a near-100-year history, writing about the revolution that is happening right in front of my nose and yours than, say, blogging from a McDonalds tucked away in a Wal-Mart. These small businesses are the 99%, as well, too often in competition with the big corporations...and losing. Shame, that. And now the police are attacking us because we're trying to defend their way of living. What is the world coming to when the very citizens who sometimes shop these independent establishments protect the country from the citizens who run them? With bullets. I don't get it. Never will. So I will stay on this side and fight with peace.

    Some of these posts will be scattered, as I have only the resources to be sporadic; if a post doesn't flow, my apologies. I often have to abandon one train of thought because another one is coming in behind it so quickly that it shoves it off the track. And on that note, I have some books to read on yurts. I've always wanted one...I never thought I'd be building my own to winter a war. Blessings to the oppressors, may their eyes be opened. May they realize that they are one step away from being us. Om shanti.

    I freakin' love this woman; the message on her shirt is one I fell in love with years ago, and bless her for allowing her kidlets to be a part of history.

              Contoh Makalah Mata Pelajaran Sejarah        
    KATA PENGANTAR

    Puji  syukur  kami  panjatkan  kehadirat  Allah  swt., karena  atas  limpahan  rahmat  dan  karunia – Nya lah  sehingga  kami  dapat  menyelesaikan  Makalah Sejarah  ini  sesuai  waktunya.
              Kami  mencoba  berusaha  menyusun  makalah  ini  sedemikian  rupa  dengan  harapan  dapat  membantu  pembaca  dalam  memahami  pelajaran  Sejarah yang  merupakan  judul  dari  Makalah  kami, yaitu  “ASEAN (Association  of  South  East  Asian  Nation)”. Disamping  itu, kami  berharap  bahwa   Makalah Sejarah  ini  dapat  dijadikan  bekal  pengetahuan  untuk  melangkah  ke  jenjang  pendidikan  yang  lebih  tinggi  lagi.

              Kami  menyadari  bahwa  didalam  pembuatan  Makalah Sejarah  ini  masih  ada  kekurangan  sehingga  kami  berharap  saran  dan  kritik  dari  pembaca  sekalian  khususnya  dari  guru  mata  pelajaran  PKn  agar  dapat  meningkatkan  mutu  dalam  penyajian  berikutnya.
              Akhir  kata  kami  ucapkan  terima  kasih.

                                                                                                                                    Sukabumi, 05 oktober 2013

                                                                                                                                    Penyusun












    DAFTAR ISI 
    HALAMAN  JUDUL
    KATA  PENGANTAR…………………………………………………………………………………             i
    DAFTAR  ISI………………………………………………………………………………………………          ii
    BAB  I              PENDAHULUAN
    1. 1.      Latar  Belakang………………………………………………………………………..   
    2. 2.      Tujuan  Penulisan…………………………………………………………………….   
    3. 3.      Masalah…………………………………………………………………………………… 
    BAB  II             PEMBAHASAN
    1. 1.      Latar  Belakang  Terbentuknya  ASEAN…………………………………..   
    2. 2.      Negara-Negara  Anggota  ASEAN……………………………………………..
    3. 3.      Lambang  ASEAN……………………………………………………………………
    4. 4.      Tujuan  Dibentuknya  ASEAN………………………………………………….  
    5. 5.      Struktur  Organsisasi  ASEAN…………………………………………………. 
    6. 6.      Kerja  Sama  ASEAN……………………………………………………………….
    7. 7.      Keuntungan  Indonesia  dengan  Bergabung  Dalam  ASEAN…….   
    BAB  III           PENUTUP
    1. 1.      Kesimpulan……………………………………………………………………………
    2. 2.      Saran……………………………………………………………………………………
    DAFTAR  PUSTAKA ………………………………………………………………………………


     BAB I
    PENDAHULUAN
    1. 1.             Latar  Belakang
               Adakalanya  tingkah  laku  binatang  menjadi  inspirasi  bagi  manusia. Bahkan, binatang  yang  kecil  sekalipun, seperti  semut. Suatu  waktu  kamu  pasti  pernah  melihat  sekelompok  semut  mampu  mengangkut  benda  yang  besar. Jika  hanya  seekor  semut  yang  mengangkut  benda  itu, pasti  tidak  kuat. Kejadian  itu  menjadi  contoh  bagi  orang, masyarakat, bahkan  negara. Inti  kejadian  tersebut  adalah  kegotongroyongan, kebersamaan, atau  menjalin  kerja  sama. Sebuah  negara  kecil  dapat  menjadi  kuat  bila  saling  bekerja  sama  dengan  negara-negara  kecil  lainnya. Contoh  yang  lebih  nyata  adalah  negara-negara  Asia  Tenggara.
               Karena  adanya  masalah  yang  terjadi  di  Asia  Tenggara, sehingga  negara-negara  yang  merupakan  anggota  Asia  Tenggara  bersatu  dan  membentuk  organisasi  yang  dinamakan  ASEAN  (Association  of  South  East  Asian  nation). ASEAN  merupakan  perhimpunan  bangsa-bangsa  di  Asia  Tenggara  yang  didirikan  pada  tanggal  8  Agustus  1967  di  Bangkok, Thailand, melalui  penandatanganan  Deklarasi  Bangkok  oleh  Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Filipina, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, dan  Singapura.
    1. 2.             Tujuan
              Tujuan  pembuatan  makalah  ini  adalah  untuk  memperluas  wawasan  kita  tentang  hal-hal  yang  dikaji  dalam  makalah  ini. Di  mana  dalam  makalah  ini telah  dikaji  tentang  salah  satu  organisasi  yang  beperan  dalam  meningkatkan  hubungan  internasional, yaitu  ASEAN  (Association  Of  South  East  Asian  Nation).

    1. 3             Masalah
              Adapun  masalah  yang  akan  dibahas  dalam  makalah  ini, yaitu :
    1. Bagaimana  latar  belakang  terbentuknya  ASEAN ?
    2. Negara-negara  manakah  yang  merupakan  anggota  ASEAN ?
    3. Jelaskan  tentang  Lambang  ASEAN !
    4. Jelaskan  tujuan  dibentuknya  ASEAN !
    5. Sebutkan  struktur  organisasi  ASEAN !
    6. Bagaimana  kerja  sama  ASEAN ?
    7. Apa  keuntungan  Indonesia  dengan  bergabung  dalam  ASEAN ?


          BAB II
    PEMBAHASAN

    1.      Latar  Belakang  Terbentuknya  ASEAN
            Negara-negara  yang  termasuk  dalam  wilayah  Asia  Tenggara  adalah  Indonesia, Malaysia, Filiphina, Myanmar, Singapura, Brunei  Darussalam, Thailand, Vietnam, Kampuchea, dan  Laos.
           Letak  Asia  Tenggara  sangat  strategis. Kekayaan  alamnya  sangat  melimpah. Ini  membuat  bangsa  lain  menjadi  iri  dan  ingin  menguasainya. Buktinya, sejak  abad  ke-15  bangsa  Eropa  sudah  mengacak-acak  Asia  Tenggara. Spanyol, Portugis, Inggris, Prancis, Amerika  Serikat, dan  Belanda  ke  Asia  Tenggara  tidak  hanya  ingin  berdagang. Penjajahan  bangsa  Inggris  atas  Malaysia, Singapura, Myanmar, dan  Indonesia; Penjajahan  bangsa  Spanyol  dan  Amerika  Serikat  atas  Filipina; penjajahan  bangsa  Belanda  atas  indonesia; penjajahan  bangsa  Prancis  atas  laos, Kampuchea, dan  Vietnam; serta  penjajahan  bangsa  Portugis  atau  Timor-Timur  adalah  contoh  nyata  betapa  besar  keinginan  bangsa  Eropa  dan  Amerika  menguasai  Asia  Tenggara.
           Negara-negara  yang  dijajah  tersebut  akhirnya  dapat  melepaskan  diri  dari  penjajahan. Mereka  merasa  senasib  dan  memiliki  banyak  persamaan. Persamaan-persamaan  tersebut  menimbulkan  perasaan  setia kawan. Akhirnya, ada  lima  negara  di  wilayah  Asia  Tenggara  sepakat  untuk  membentuk  sebuah  organisasi. Kelima  negara  tersebut  adalah  Indonesia, malaysia, Thailand, Singapura, dan  Filipina.
           Pada  tanggal  5-8  Agustus  1967  kelima  negara  tersebut  mengadakan  pertemuan  di  tepi  Pantai  Bangsaem, bangkok, Thailand. Pertemuan  tersebut  dihadiri  oleh  lima  orang  yang  merupakan  wakil  dari  lima  negara. Kelima  orang  tersebut  sebagai  berikut.
    1. Adam  Malik; Menteri  Presidium  Urusan  Politik/Menteri  Luar  Negeri  indonesia.
    2. Tun  Abdul  Razak; Wakil  Perdana  Menteri  Pembangunan  Malaysia.
    3. Thanat  khoman; Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Thailand.
    4. S. Rajaratnam; Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Singapura.
    5. Narciso  Ramos, Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Filipina.
           Pada  tanggal  8  Agustus  1967  di  Bangkok, Thailand  dan  melalui  penandatanganan  Deklarasi  Bangkok oleh  Menteri  Luar  Negeri  Filiphina, Indonesia,Thailand, Malaysia, dan  Singapura, maka  dibentuklah  sebuah  organisasi, yaitu  ASEAN  (Association  of  South  East  Asian  Nation).
    2        Negara-Negara  Anggota  ASEAN
            Mula-mula  anggota  ASEAN  hanya  lima  negara, yaitu  Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Singapura  dan  Filiphina. Pada  tanggal  7  Januari  1984, negara  Brunei  Darussalam  menjadi  anggota  keenam  ASEAN. Selanjutnya, pada  tanggal  28  Juli  1995, negara  Vietnam  menjadi  anggota  ketujuh  ASEAN. Negara  Laos  dan  Myanmar  menjadi  anggota  kedelapan  dan  kesembilan  ASEAN  pada  tanggal  23  Juli  1997. Kampuchea  tidak  mau  ketinggalan. Negara  ini  bergabung  menjadi  anggota  kesepuluh  ASEAN  pada  tanggal  16  Desember  1998.  Pada  saat  ini, kesepuluh  negara  di  Asia  Tenggara  itulah  yang  menjadi  anggota  ASEAN
    3.        Lambang  ASEAN
            Seperti  halnya  orgaisasi  lainnya, ASEAN  juga  mempunyai  lambang. Adapun  lambang  ASEAN  yang  dilukiskan  atau  digambarkan  sebagai  berikut.
       
    Penjelasan  mengenai  simbol  tersebut,  adalah :
    1. Lingkaran, mengandung  arti  kesatuan  ASEAN. Dalam  logo  ASEAN  terdapat  dua  buah  lingaran, yaitu  lingkaran  luar  dan  lingkaran  dalam. Lingkaran  luar  berwarna  biru  melambangkan  perdamaian  dan  stabilitas. Lingkaran  dalam  berwarna  putih  melambangkan  kesucian  dan  ketulusan.
    2. Batang  padi  berjumlah  sepuluh, melambangkan  jumlah  anggota  ASEAN. Warna  kuning  padi  tersebut  melambangkan  kemakmuran.
    3. Tulisan  ASEAN  dan  lingkaran  lambang  berwarna  biru, melambangkan  persahabatan.
    4. Warna  dasar  merah, melambangkan  keteguhan  dan  kedinamisan.
     Secara  keseluruhan lambang  ASEAN  menggambarkan  hal-hal  berikut.
    1. Solidaritas  dan  kesepakatan  ASEAN
    2. Keterikatan  dalam  kerja  sama  demi  kemakmuran  rakyat  negara-negara  ASEAN.
    3. Setia  pada  perdamaian  dan  stabilitas  kawasan  ASEAN  dan  dunia  umumnya.
     4.       tujuan  Dibentuknya  ASEAN
               Tujuan  pembentukan  ASEAN  tertuang  dalam  Piagam  ASEAN  yang  memuat  hal-hal  sebagai  berikut.
    1)      Memelihara  dan  meningkatkan  perdamaian, keamanan, dan  stabilitas  serta  lebih    memperkuat  nilai-nilai  yang  berorientasi  pada  perdamaian  di  kawasan;
    2)      Meningkatkan  ketahanan  kawasan  dengan  memajukan  kerja  sama  politik, keamanan, ekonomi, dan  sosial  budaya  yang  lebih  luas;
    3)      Mempertahankan  Asia  Tenggara  sebagai  Kawasan  Bebas  Senjata  Nuklir  dan  bebas  dari  semua  jenis  senjata  pemusnah  massal  lainnya;
    4)      Menjamin  bahwa  rakyat  dan Negara-Negara  Anggota  ASEAN  hidup  damai  dengan  dunia  secara  keseluruhan  di  lingkungan  yang  adil, demokratis, dan  harmonis;
    5)      Menciptakan  pasar  tunggal  dan  basis  produksi  yang  stabil, makmur, sangat  kompetitif, dan  terintegrasi  secara  ekonomis  melalui  fasilitasi  yang  efektif  untuk  perdagangan  dan  investasi, yang  di  dalamnya  terdapat  arus  lalu  lintas  barang, jasa-jasa  dan  investasi  yang  bebas; terfasilitasinya  pergerakan  pelaku  usaha, pekerja  profesional, pekerja  berbakat  dan  buruh; arus  modal  yang  lebih bebas;
    6)      Mengurangi  kemiskinan  dan  mempersempit  kesenjangan  pembangunan  di  ASEAN  melalui  bantuan  dan  kerja  sama  timbal  balik;
    7)      Memperkuat  demokrasi, meningkatkan  tata  kepemerintahan  yang  baik  dan  aturan  hukum, dan  memajukan  serta  melindungi  hak  asasi  manusia  dan  kebebasan-kebebasan  fundamental, dengan  memperhatikan  hak-hak  dan  kewajiban-kewajiban  dari  Negara-Negara  Anggota  ASEAN;
    8)      Menanggapi  secara  efektif, sesuai  dengan  prinsip  keamanan  menyeluruh, segala  bentuk  ancaman, kejahatan  lintas-negara  dan  tantangan  lintas  batas;
    9)      Memajukan  pembangunan  berkelanjutan  untuk  menjamin  perlindungan  lingkungan  hidup  di  kawasan, sumber  daya  alam  yang  berkelanjutan, pelestarian  warisan  budaya, dan  kehidupan  rakyat  yang  berkualitas  tinggi;
    10)      Mengembangkan  sumber  daya  manusia  melalui  kerja  sama  yang  lebih  erat  di  bidang  pendidikan  dan  pembelajaran  dan  sepanjang  hayat, serta  di  bidang  ilmu  pengetahuan  dan  teknologi, untuk  pemberdayaan  rakyat  ASEAN  dan  penguatan  Komunitas  ASEAN;
    11)      Meningkatkan  kesejahteraan  dan  penghidupan  yang  layak  bagi  rakyat ASEAN  melalui  penyediaan  akses  yang  setara  terhadap  peluang  pembangunan  sumber  daya  manusia, kesejahteraan  sosial, dan  keadilan;
    12)      Memperkuat  erja  sama  dalam  membangun  lingkungan  yang  aman  dan terjamin  bebas  dari   narkotika  dan  obat-obat  terlarang  bagi  rakyat  ASEAN;
    13)      Memajukan  ASEAN  yang  berorientasi  kepada rakyat  yang  di  dalamnya  seluruh  lapisan  masyarakat  didorong  untuk  berpartisipasi  dalam, dan  memperoleh  manfaat  dari, proses  integrasi  dan  pembangunan  komunitas  ASEAN;
    14)      Memajukan  identitas  ASEAN  dengan  meningkatkan  kesadaran  yang  lebih  tinggi  akan  keanekaragaman  budaya  dan  warisan  kawasan; dan
    15)      Mempertahankan  sentralitas  dan  peran  proaktif  ASEAN  sebagai  kekuatan  penggerak  utama  dalam  hubungan  dan  kerja  samanya  dengan para  mitra  eksternal  dalam  arsitektur  kawasan  yang  terbuka, transparan, dan  inklusif.
    Tujuan  ASEAN  tercantum  dalam  Deklarasi  bangkok, yaitu :
    1. Mempercepat  pertumbuhan  ekonomi, kemajuan  sosial, dan  perkembangan  kebudayaan  di  kawasan  Asia  Tenggara;
    2. Meningkatkan  perdamaian  dan  stabilitas  regional;
    3. Meningkatkan  kerja  sama  di  bidang  ekonomi, sosial, teknik, ilmu  pengetahuan, dan  administrasi;
    4. Meningkatkan  kerja  sama  di  bidang  pertanian, industri, perluasan  perdagangan, perbaikan  sarana  pengangkutan  dan  komunikasi, serta  peningkatan  taraf  hidup  rakyat;
    5. Memelihara  kerja  sama dengan  organisasi-organisasi  internasional  dan  regional  agar  semakin  mempererat  anggota  ASEAN;
               Secara  singkat  dapat  disebutkan  bahwa  maksud  dan  tujuan  didirikannya  ASEAN  adalah  untuk  meningkatkan  kerja  sama  di  bidang  ekonomi, sosial, budaya, dan  politik, serta  mewujudkan  ketertiban  dan  perdamaian  di  kawasan  Asia  Tenggara.
      5.     Struktur  Organsisasi  ASEAN
             Struktur  lembaga  dan  mekanisme  di  ASEAN, antara  lain  sebagai  berikut.
    1)      Konferensi  Tingkat  Tinggi  (KTT)  ASEAN  sebagai  pengambil  keputusan  utama  yang  akan  memberikan  arah  kebijakan. KTT  diselenggarakan  minimal  2  kali  setahun. KTT  merupakan  pertemuan  tertinggi  dalam  ASEAN  yang  dihadiri  oleh  kepala  negara  ASEAN;
     2)       Dewan  Koordinasi  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Coordinating  Council)  yang  terdiri  dari  para  Menteri Luar  Negeri  ASEAN  dengan  tugas  mengkoordinasi  Dewan  Komunitas  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Community  Councils);
    3)       Dewan  Komunitas  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Communiti  Councils)  dengan  ketiga  pilar  komunitas  ASEAN   yakni  Dewan  Komunitas  Politik-Keamanan  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Political-Security  Community  Council/APSCC), Dewan  Komunitas  Ekonomi  ASEAN  (ASEAN  Economic  Community  Council/AECC), dan  Dewan  Komunitas  Sosial-Budaya  (ASEAN  Socio-Cultural  Community  Council/ASCC);
    4)       Badan-badan  Sektoral  Tingkat  Menteri  (ASEAN  Sectoral  Ministerial  Bodies).
    5)      Komite  Wakil  Tetap  (Committee  of  Permanent  Representatives)  yang  terdiri  dari  wakil  tetap  negara  ASEAN, pada  tingkat  duta  besar  dan  berkedudukan  di  Jakarta.
    6)        Sekretaris  Jenderal  ASEAN  yang  dibantu  oleh  4(empat)  orang  wakil  sekretaris  jenderal dan  sekretariat  ASEAN.
    7)          Sekretariat  Nasional  ASEAN  yang  dipi
              Latar Belakang Berdirinya ASEAN        


    SEJARAH BERDIRINYA ASEAN

    ASEAN adalah kepanjangan dari Association of South East Asia Nations. ASEAN disebut juga sebagai Perbara yang merupakan singkatan dari Perhimpunan Bangsa-Bangsa Asia Tenggara. Gedung sekretarian ASEAN berada di Kebayoran Baru, Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia. ASEAN didirikan tanggal 8 Agustus 1967 di Bangkok. ASEAN diprakarsai oleh 5 menteri luar negeri dari wilayah Asia Tenggara, yaitu Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Filipina dan Singapura :


    1. Perwakilan Indonesia : Adam Malik
    2. Perwakilan Malaysia : Tun Abdul Razak
    3. Perwakilan Thailand : Thanat Koman
    4. Perwakilan Filipina : Narcisco Ramos
    5. Perwakilan Singapura : S. Rajaratnam

    Sedangkan terdapat negara-negara lain yang bergabung kemudian ke dalam ASEAN sehingga total menjadi 11 negara, yaitu :

    1. Brunei Darussalam tangal 7 Januari 1984
    2. Vietnam tangal 28 Juli 1995
    3. Myanmar tangal 23 Juli 1997
    4. Laos tangal 23 Juli 1997
    5. Kamboja tangal 16 Desember 1998


    Prinsip Utama ASEAN

    Prinsip-prinsip utama ASEAN digariskan seperti berikut:
    Menghormati kemerdekaan, kesamaan, integritas dan identitas nasional semua negara
    Setiap negara memiliki hak untuk menyelesaikan permasalahan nasionalnya tanpa ada campur tangan dari luar
    Penyelesaian perbedaan atau perdebatan antar negara dengan aman
    Menolak penggunaan kekuatan dan kekerasan
    Meningkatkan kerjasama yang efektif antara anggota

    ASEAN dikukuhkan oleh lima negara pengasas; Indonesia, Malaysia, Filipina, Singapura dan Thailand di Bangkok Proses pembentukan ASEAN dibuat dalam sebuah penandatanganan perjanjian yang dikenal dengan nama “Deklarasi Bangkok”. Adapun yang bertanda tangan pada Deklarasi Bangkok tersebut adalah para menteri luar negeri saat itu, yaitu Bapak Adam Malik (Indonesia), Narciso R. Ramos (Filipina), Tun Abdul Razak (Malaysia), S. Rajaratnam (Singapura), dan Thanat Khoman (Thailand). Pada tanggal 8 Januari 1984, seminggu setelah mencapai kemerdekaannya, negara Brunei masuk menjadi anggota ASEAN. 11 tahun kemudian, tepatnya tanggal 28 Juli 1995. Laos dan Myanmar menjadi anggota dua tahun kemudianya, yaitu pada tanggal 23 Juli 1997. Walaupun Kamboja sudah menjadi anggota ASEAN bersama sama Myanmar dan Laos, Kamboja terpaksa menarik diri disebabkan masalah politik dalam negara tersebut. Namun, dua tahun kemudian Kamboja kembali masuk menjadi anggota ASEAN pada 30 April 1999.

    LOGO ASEAN

    Logo ASEAN membawa arti ASEAN yang stabil, aman, bersatu dan dinamik. Warna logo ada 4 yaitu biru, merah, putih dan kuning. Warna tersebut merupakan warna utama lambang negara-negara ASEAN. Warna biru melambangkan keamanan dan kestabilan. Merah bermaksud semangat dan dinamisme sedangkan putih menunjukkan ketulenan dan kuning melambangkan kemakmuran. Sepuluh tangkai padi melambangkan cita-cita pelopor pembentuk ASEAN di Asia Tenggara, yaitu bersatu dan bersahabat. Bulatan melambangkan kesatuan ASEAN.



    TUJUAN DIBENTUKNYA PIAGAM ASEAN (ASEAN CHARTERED).

      Tahun 2007 bisa dikatakan bersejarah bagi ASEAN. Kawasan ini memiliki tampilan baru. Ada harapan ASEAN akan terstruktur dan tersistematis.

      Semua itu ditandai dengan ditandatanginya Piagam ASEAN (ASEAN Charter) sebagai kerangka “konstitusi bersama” ASEAN.

      Keberadaan sebuah piagam agar bisa lebih mengikat negara-negara anggota sebenarnya sudah cukup lama dikumandangkan di kalangan pemikir ASEAN. Akan tetapi, baru pada Konferensi Tingkat Tinggi (KTT) ASEAN tahun 2003 di Bali, keinginan ASEAN untuk memiliki sebuah piagam bersama itu mulai dikonkretkan.

      Ibarat sebuah perusahaan yang harus memiliki status hukum yang jelas, apakah itu perseroan terbatas (PT) atau perusahaan dagang (PD), ASEAN sebagai organisasi regional yang sudah berusia 40 tahun ini memang sudah seharusnya punya status hukum. Idealnya, dengan adanya status hukum itu, ASEAN lebih punya keleluasaan untuk bekerja sama dengan berbagai pihak, khususnya kalangan pebisnis. Dia (ASEAN) juga bisa memiliki aset, visi, dan misi, serta alat/perangkat untuk mewujudkan visi dan misinya tersebut.

      Piagam ASEAN memang tidak otomatis akan mengubah banyak hal di ASEAN. Malah, piagam itu sesungguhnya makin mengekalkan banyak kebiasaan lama. Misalnya, pengambilan keputusan di ASEAN tetap dengan cara konsensus dan KTT ASEAN menjadi tempat tertinggi untuk pengambilan keputusan jika konsensus tidak tercapai atau jika sengketa di antara anggota terjadi.

      Meski demikian, piagam tersebut hadir di saat yang pas, yaitu ketika kawasan Asia Tenggara ini terus berubah dan negara-negara ASEAN semakin memperluas cakupan kerja sama yang lebih kukuh ke Asia Timur (Jepang, Korea Selatan, dan China), Asia Tengah (India), serta ke selatan (Australia dan Selandia Baru). Juga, KTT Asia Timur yang diselenggarakan beriringan dengan KTT ASEAN.

    Tujuan dibentuknya Piagam Asean adalah sebagai berikut

    1. Permudah kerja sama

      Adanya Piagam ASEAN secara organisatoris akan membuat negara anggota ASEAN relatif akan lebih terikat kepada berbagai kesepakatan yang telah dibuat ASEAN. Secara teoretis, piagam itu akan semakin mempermudah kerja sama yang dibuat ASEAN dengan mitra-mitra dialognya.

      Jika pada masa lalu mitra ASEAN terkadang mengeluh bahwa kesepakatan yang telah dibuat dengan ASEAN ternyata hanya dilaksanakan dan dipatuhi oleh beberapa negara anggota ASEAN, kini kekhawatiran itu bisa dikurangi.

      Mekanisme kerja yang lebih jelas di ASEAN seperti tertuang dalam Piagam ASEAN itu juga akan mempermudah mitra-mitra atau calon-calon mitra yang ingin berurusan dengan ASEAN. Begitu pula bila di kemudian hari terjadi persengketaan, Piagam ASEAN telah membuat pengaturan umum untuk penyelesaian sengketa itu.

      Lebih penting lagi secara politis, ASEAN kini menegaskan dirinya sebagai organisasi yang menghormati serta bertekad untuk menjunjung tinggi hak asasi manusia (HAM) dan nilai-nilai demokrasi. Piagam meminta ASEAN menghargai HAM.

      Meski saat ini pelaksanaan kedua hal itu masih jauh dari ideal, setidaknya ASEAN sudah mengakui bahwa penghormatan atas HAM dan demokrasi sebagai nilai-nilai dasar, sama seperti umumnya negara maju. Dengan demikian, hambatan psikologis untuk bekerja sama dengan negara-negara ASEAN seperti sering terdengar selama ini dari beberapa negara maju, setidaknya sudah bisa dikurangi meski hambatan belum sepenuhnya bisa dihapuskan.

    2. Tantangan internal

      Keberhasilan ASEAN melahirkan sebuah piagam bersama tidak otomatis bermakna ASEAN yang semakin solid. Tantangan terbesar justru berada di lingkungan internal ASEAN sendiri, khususnya bagaimana agar benar-benar bisa mengimplementasikan piagam itu sehingga ASEAN menjadi kekuatan yang menyatu dan tidak terpecah belah.

      Bagaimanapun, kehadiran Piagam ASEAN, yang di dalamnya mengharuskan para anggota mematuhi apa-apa yang sudah diputuskan bersama oleh ASEAN, akan menimbulkan ketidaknyamanan bagi beberapa pihak. Mereka ini sebenarnya menaruh keberatan atas keputusan bersama itu. Meski demikian, Piagam ASEAN memang telah didesain sedemikian rupa sehingga tidak terlalu keras terhadap para anggotanya yang belum bisa menaati kesepakatan-kesepakatan yang telah dibuat.

      Celah-celah untuk kompromi yang sering kali diistilahkan banyak kalangan sebagai cara ASEAN (the ASEAN way) masih banyak diakomodasi di dalam piagam tersebut. Di bidang ekonomi, misalnya, Piagam ASEAN menjamin hak negara-negara anggota untuk berpartisipasi secara fleksibel dalam pelaksanaan komitmen-komitmen ekonomi di ASEAN. Begitu pula dalam pelaksanaan prinsip-prinsip “politik” ASEAN, seperti khususnya demokrasi dan penghormatan dan jaminan atas hak-hak asasi manusia, asas yang fleksibel tetap dipertahankan.

      Satu hal penting dalam Piagam ASEAN yang memang sudah selayaknya dilakukan adalah menjadikan organisasi ini sebagai organisasi yang berorientasi pada rakyat atau bukan organisasi birokrat semata. Dengan demikian, dibuka bahkan didorong kesempatan lebih besar kepada warga masyarakat ASEAN untuk berinteraksi satu sama lain dengan lebih intens.

      Pergaulan rakyat ASEAN di kawasan regional dan internasional itu tentu akan berkontribusi positif kepada kerja sama ASEAN dengan mitra-mitranya di seluruh kawasan.

    3. Langkah paling maju

    Ada tiga rencana ASEAN yang dituliskan di piagam itu. Tiga hal itu adalah menginginkan lahirnya Komunitas Ekonomi ASEAN, Komunitas Keamanan ASEAN, dan Komunitas Sosial Budaya ASEAN.

      Jangan skeptis dulu dengan rencana pembentukan komunitas itu. Atau jangan melihat realitas sekarang jika ingin menilai prospek pembentukan tiga jenis komunitas itu. ASEAN bisa saja tidak terlihat berwibawa, melihat realitas sekarang, dengan mayoritas anggotanya punya masalah tersendiri yang tergolong berat. Beberapa di antaranya bahkan masih tergolong negara paria.

      Sesungguhnya, rencana pembentukan komunitas itu merupakan refleksi dari tajamnya visi para pemikir ASEAN. Piagam itu disusun para pakar atau figur terkenal di ASEAN. Wakil dari Indonesia adalah mantan Menteri Luar Negeri Ali Alatas.

      Mantan Menteri Luar Negeri Ali Alatas terkesan jengkel dengan analisis pengamat yang relatif selalu skeptis melihat ASEAN. “Mereka itu kadang genit, ya,” demikian kalimat lucu dari Ali Alatas mengomentari piagam yang disambut dingin oleh pengamat.

    4. Piagam merefleksikan pandangan jauh ke depan.

      Bahkan, piagam secara tersirat akan membuat ASEAN malu jika tidak bisa memenuhinya di kemudian hari. Inilah sumbangsih para pemikir ASEAN. Ini merupakan bukti bahwa para pakar ASEAN tidak dungu, tetapi punya sudut pandang yang strategis menuju masa depan.

      Hal ini diperkuat lagi dengan rencana pemerintah ASEAN, yang pada November lalu, di Singapura, sudah menandatangani deklarasi pembentukan Komunitas Ekonomi ASEAN pada tahun 2015. Bahkan, pada tahun 2008 sudah ada langkah untuk mewujudkan komunitas ekonomi ini. Tujuan akhirnya adalah aliran barang, jasa, warga yang relatif lebih bebas di ASEAN.

      Ini strategis mengingat contoh empiris, negara kaya di dunia menjadi makmur karena mobilitas itu. Para teknokrat ekonomi dan para figur terkenal ASEAN sudah memberi contoh soal penyusunan langkah ke depan.

      Sekarang ini, eksekusinya ada di lingkungan pemerintah di ASEAN yang sarat problem, bahkan masih suka menyiksa rakyat.

      Apakah junta Myanmar tahu piagam, atau lebih percaya piagam ketimbang paranormal? Ini hanya contoh kecil. Tetapi sudahlah, semoga waktu akan mengubah perangai dan perilaku sebagian pemerintahan di ASEAN, yang juga masih sering sekadar berkomitmen dan tidak bertindak nyata. Setidaknya mereka masih mau menorehkan sejarah baru dengan menandatangani Piagam ASEAN dan juga cetak biru Komunitas Ekonomi ASEAN 2015

    5. Strategis

      Piagam itu sendiri dinilai strategis karena akan menjadi landasan hukum yang menjamin integrasi politik, sosial, ekonomi, budaya, keamanan, demokratisasi, perlindungan hak asasi, dan pelestarian lingkungan.

      Pembuatan piagam merupakan terobosan penting dalam sejarah ASEAN, yang selama 40 tahun lebih bersifat peguyuban. Dalam menghadapi tantangan 40 tahun kedua, ASEAN memang membutuhkan pijakan hukum yang lebih jelas dalam membangun blok politik dan ekonomi.

              Rwanda’s Cultural tourism is the Key investment Sector        

    It is a well-known fact that tourism can be a deadly antagonist as much as a firm friend in the matter of development. Considering the economic might of the tourist industry now gorilla safari regarded as the biggest in the world ahead of automobiles and chemicals, careful attention should be paid to culture in order to progressive strategies which are vitally needed in order to prepare the ground for genuinely progressive international, regional and local tourism development gorilla trekking uganda .

    Besides, cultural travel directed towards experiencing the arts, heritage and special character of unique places includes arts (galleries, rwanda travel guide studios, performing and visual arts), Cultural activities (festivals, celebrations, and rituals), events and physical heritage, building and environment. While reconsidering the relationship between tourism and cultural diversity, tourism and intercultural dialogue, and tourism and development, the Organization (UNESCO) proposes to contribute to the fight against poverty, gorilla safari rwanda protection of the environment and mutual appreciation of cultures.

    Considering cultural development, Rwanda will, next week, host the Commonwealth investment conference, ahead of the 7th Edition of the Pan African Dance Festival (FESPAD 2010) that will be staged in July. This is a result of Rwanda being an attractive investment destination and both forums present an opportunity. uganda gorilla safaris , Apart from breaking into new markets, the events will enhance business openings for Rwandans since they facilitate gainful partnerships

    However, the Rwandan business community will be accorded , rwanda gorilla safari , opportunity to forge new partnerships with business leaders from around the world since approximately 31 African countries are expected to attend, as well as China, Japan, Vietnam, France and Spain.

    By promoting the rich Rwandan uganda gorilla safari , cultural heritage, the country shall attract both investors and tourists. The traditional dances and dress are world class, and our museums have a powerful story to tell. There is no doubt that Rwanda's tourism sector has been very kenya safari successful, but there are areas that have not been exhaustively exploited.

    The country can cut itself a niche in the region by aggressively promoting its arts and culture which will rank Rwanda as the best cultural destination in Africa. houses for sale in kampala uganda


              Hotel Unearths Memories of the Vietnam War        
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              Product Review: Poppin Pods         
    Read on - here I take a look at these cute mini-pots of fresh growing herbs for your kitchen. Are they worth buying? Are they easy to look after?

     Nothing irritates me more than throwing out packets of wilted mushy herbs at the end of the week. Such a huge waste! Unless I’m using them in a Vietnamese salad, those bunches of fresh, pre-cut herbs are always too large. Now I reckon I’ve found a better alternative – Poppin Pods.

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              [榛仔]:法式浪漫之城 - 越南大叻 - POCO旅游社区(http://travel.poco.cn/)        

    [榛仔]:法式浪漫之城 - 越南大叻 - POCO旅游社区(http://travel.poco.cn/)

            这也许是一个庸俗却简单的理由:当年的法国探险家爬山涉水发现大叻后,保大皇帝把他的行宫建在那里了。古今中外的帝王们治国施政时不见得怎样聪明,但在行宫选址这点上却是难以置疑的。 大叻又称万花之城,出产越南最美的玫瑰花,很多越南青年男女结婚时都把大叻作为他们的蜜月之城。很多年前,看过一个法国人写的《越南:亚洲最后的浪漫之地》,而在越南人看来,大叻正是他们的浪漫之城。


     



     


     


     



     



     



     

    城里天主教大教堂响亮的钟声给人心灵震撼,而教堂里儿童唱诗班的天籁之音则令人心情宁静。



     



     


           一位才貌双全的留法姑娘,当年也正是在大叻的舞会邂逅风流倜傥的末代皇帝保大。由于两人因宗教信仰不同而遭包括母后在内的皇室反对,保大不为所动,坚持迎娶,而成一时佳话。这位后受册封的南芳皇后曾被评为近代最美丽的五位传奇皇后之一,从保大夏宫陈列的照片,仍然可以领略到这位美丽皇后当年的风采,但他俩后来却分开了。看来爱情的悲剧不但发生在普罗民众间,只要吃了人间烟火,深宫也难免幽怨。


    中国文化的印记已经沁入了越南人生活的各个方面。

            ' V CAFE “,一个曾经被《WALL  STREET  JOURNEY》和《VIETNAM   DAILY》所推荐的咖啡屋,代表了大叻浪漫而传统的一面。 

     
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              Book review: American Tabloid by James Ellroy        



    I don’t think the thrill of a good conspiracy can be underestimated. And, while the Kennedy era and the surrounding assassination, drugs, mafia, CIA/FBI, Cuba and, a bit later, Vietnam aren’t quite the dinner party circuit agenda, they were not so long ago and they still hold a spark of interest for a good couple of generations of people. Take me as an example, for instance. I was born in 1980, well after the whole malarkey. But, I still know the names of the Kennedy brothers and their assassins, and Jimmy Hoffa, and an entire selection of corrupt government officials. I’ve heard the speculation. I’ve seen the movies. And nothing has grabbed me quite so much as James Ellroy’s take on the whole thing. I know it’s fictitious speculation. That doesn’t stop it from being a dirty, rollicking thrill of a read with a cast of duplicitous double agents and their complex juggling of events. In fact, one of the most admirable traits of the book is how much behind the scenes action occurs in concert with the facts.

    read more


              [5.29] Morning Round-Up: Malaysian Payments Startup Soft Space Gears Up For Japan Launch        

    Here’s what you need to know today. 1. Vietnam state investment arm SCIC partners Thai Kasikornbank Vietnam’s government investment arm SCIC, the state investor in the country’s biggest firm Vinamilk, has inked a deal with Thai Kasikorn...

    The post [5.29] Morning Round-Up: Malaysian Payments Startup Soft Space Gears Up For Japan Launch appeared first on ecommerceIQ - Ecommerce in Southeast Asia, Reports, Data, Insights.


              Pearl Jam - "Gimme Some Truth (Live at Madison Square Garden)" [Rock & Alternative]        
    Gimme Some Truth (Live at Madison Square Garden)

    - "Gimme Some Truth (Live at Madison Square Garden)" music video by Pearl Jam
    - Added on 10-08-2017
    - Genre : Rock & Alternative
    - Description : Gimme Some Truth - Live at Madison Square Garden - Pearl Jam - - Pearl Jam performs "Gimme Some Truth" by John Lennon live at Madison Square Garden in 2003. - - LIKE on Facebook: http://bitly.com/PJ_Facebook - FOLLOW on Twitter: http://bitly.com/PJ_Twitter - FOLLOW on Instagram: http://bitly.com/PJ_Instagram - FOLLOW on Tumblr: http://bit.ly/pj-tumblr - - Live at the Garden is the fourth DVD release by the American alternative rock band Pearl Jam, recorded on July 8, 2003 at Madison Square Garden in New York City. It was released on November 11, 2003. - - - - "Gimme Some Truth" (originally spelled "Give Me Some Truth") is a protest song written and performed by John Lennon. It was first released on his 1971 album Imagine. "Gimme Some Truth" contains various political references emerging from the time it was written, during the latter years of the Vietnam War. - - Work on the song began as early as January 1969 during The Beatles' Get Back sessions, which would eventually evolve into Let It Be. Bootleg recordings of the group performing songs that would eventually go onto the members' solo recordings feature a few performances of "Gimme Some Truth". - - Pearl Jam has covered this song live on numerous occasions. - - - -
    - Tags : 2003, 00s, Pearl Jam


              Có nên đồng ý hay không?        
    Em chào các chị trên chongtayvoviet, em theo dõi ở trang web này và đọc rất nhiều các bài chia sẻ của các chị. Em năm nay 18t, e có quen 1 người qua vietnamcupid, hiện đang làm việc và sống ở Mỹ. Anh cÅ©ng khá lớn tuổi. Chúng em nói chuyện được hÆ¡n 1 […]
              Revisiting the Beltway: One Last Trip around 695 (for the blog, that is)        
    As you may know, I finished the State-by-State project I've been posting up here every Sunday morning for the last few years.  For my final Sunday post, I have decided to revisit a previous project one last time: my Snacking around the Beltway series.  Due to crazy gas prices (which haven't really abated) and a total lack of time - in part exacerbated by said new project that lasted the last couple of years - I stepped away from it after examining every few exits around the Glen Burnie section of the Beltway (more or less Exits 1 - 8).

    For this post, I summarize a few key spots I have visited throughout the rest of the Beltway.  Yes, I'm squeezing Exits 9 through 44 into one longish post.  This is, I admit, an inadequate way to finish it up, but it is better than nothing.

    As I did in my January 18, 2009, Final Assessment post of the original series, I will again divide the Beltway up into six sections:
    • the "Glen Burnie" section of the Beltway (south, Exits 1 through 8A) - I've already explored this one in more detail, so I'm not really coming back to it in this post.
    • the "Catonsville" section (southwest, Exits 9 through 16B)
    • the "Pikesville" section (northwest, Exits 17 through 22)
    • the "Towson" section (north, Exits 23A through 30B)
    • the "Essex" section (northeast, Exits 31A through 38B)
    • and the "Dundalk" section (southeast, Exits 39 through 44)
    This will not be a sweeping assessment of eats around the Beltway - I am exploring one, maybe two at the most, restaurants in each aforementioned section.  But these few restaurants hopefully do show the diversity of old and new eats off the Beltway, and will encourage you to further explore for ones I left off on your own.

    The Glen Burnie Section (south, Exits 1 through 8A)

    As I said, I have a few posts about Beltway eats in Anne Arundel County.  I will refer you to those, with one caveat: the Afghan place across the street from the Glen Burnie MVA is now a Hip Hop Chicken (map here).  I haven't visited it yet.

    The "Catonsville" section (southwest, Exits 9 through 16B)

    It's kind of silly to say I've "revisited" this part of the Beltway.  This is where I grew up: Lansdowne, which was home for my first 20-odd years, and Arbutus, Catonsville and such, where I got to (and still go to) frequently.  That said, I haven't really visited the newish eating establishments here lately: the new Middle Eastern place in Arbutus (Punjab Kabab & Sweets, map here), the frozen yogurt place along Maiden Choice (And what is up with this new fro yo trend?  Seriously, I don't get it), and the new Lansdowne Station shopping center, home to a Boardwalk Fries, an Italian place (Three Brothers of Lansdowne, the only Baltimore location of sixteen across the state; map here) and, notably, a new Chinese/American/sushi buffet.  That last part - sushi buffet - should send shivers down anyone's spine.


    The place in question is the Teppanyaki Grill Supreme Buffet (map here) off Exit 10, near the Office Depot.  My mother told me that she took my sister here a few months ago and thought it would be a nice place to go get a sit-down meal.  Not nice as in "dressy" nice, but nice as in "Oh, you don't see us so often, it would be nice to spend some more time with you, and your sister liked this place" (full disclosure: my youngest sister, in her 30's, has autism, and it's not easy to find places that she likes beyond a set few places, so for her to like any place with Chinese food is in itself amazing to my family).

    The place isn't my idea of "inviting": despite the many tables and booths, it seems quite crowded.  The mostly dimly lit interior doesn't help on that score.  Certainly though, the people there seemed to enjoy themselves, particularly the children's birthday party in the separate (and loud) meeting room next to the dessert buffet.

    The Teppanyaki Grill has a bevy of the stuff you'd expect to find at a Chinese/Japanese buffet: various fried "Chinese" things, some maki rolls on ice which seemed freshly made at least (with massive amounts of wasabi sitting next to them), a section of "American things" just in case your stubborn Uncle Floyd won't eat "Asian" stuff, and large salad and dessert bars in case you are ever-so-slightly tempted to eat something healthy.


    Yum.

    For the price, however, this can't really be beat: all-you-can-eat for all of $7.19 plus tax ($10.39 for dinner instead of lunch; kids eat for less and very young kids eat for even less).  That said, it is a buffet, and as massive buffets go it is pretty average.  You may be thinking "Well what did you expect?" In a word: this.  I expected what I got, so I wasn't exactly disappointed.  But all the same, I don't usually enjoy this sort of thing, so I probably won't head back.  It didn't make me sick - that was a plus.


    Thank God, that had me worried for a second.

    The "Pikesville" section (northwest, Exits 17 through 22)


    So much to choose from, so little time... And money...

    Unfortunately I don't get around to Pikesville much these days.  The last time I visited was to hit up the Seven Mile Kosher Supermarket off Exit 20 (map here) for some matzah meal a year or so ago.  A few years before that, I was a panelist at the Great Tastes food show, as one of many panelists discussing food blogging in Baltimore.  I had mentioned that I was hopeful that Baltimore would see an increase in the number of West African restaurants in the area, since Charm City is fortunate to have a relatively large and increasing Nigerian-American (and overall West African) community.  Afterwards,  somebody suggested to me that I try out Peju's Kitchen and Lounge off Exit 17 in Woodlawn (map here).  I hadn't gotten the chance until recently, when I finally made the trip for take out one night.  Actually, it ended up being the very last restaurant I will have visited for this blog.  I mean, I don't exactly do these in order here.

    Peju's with its large black awning occupies the large corner in the Security Plaza strip mall across from Woodlawn High School.  The plaza also features a South Asian clothing store and several halal buffets and groceries, plus a store-front Islamic center, a driving school, a handful of store-front churches and a halal Chinese restaurant (I've heard of kosher Chinese places, but a halal one is new to me, and certainly fills a niche needing to be filled).  The slightly rusty (not rustic) exterior of the whole building complex belies the gorgeous warm amber interior of Peju's, which serves not just West African specialties like jollof rice (of course), fufu and puff-puff (the West African answer to the donut.  Mmmm, donut), but various Caribbean specialties.  The warmly-lit bar and lounge area open onto the main seating area in the interior.  In other words, this ain't Teppanyaki Grill Supreme Buffet (see above).



    Since I was out running errands and had to get home, I opted for take-out.  Though my eyes alighted on Caribbean specialties like jerk chicken and curry vegetable dishes ($10 each, more if during dinner), I eventually opted for the more Nigerian jollof rice with beef (also $10, also more if during dinner).  The jollof rice was certainly better than my one attempt to make it a few years ago, and I loved the thick tangy, slightly spicy tomato sauce that went with it. The two slightly tough pieces of beef I got had a nice flavor, but clearly they were a side if anything: the star of this meal was the big, heaping mound of soft, tangy jollof rice.  A few sweet fried plantain pieces finish off this meal. I will have to go back for more.

    The "Towson" section (north, Exits 23A through 30B)

    While I hardly get to Pikesville or Woodlawn, I often pass through Towson since I live so close by.  The problem here is that I never get a chance to stop anywhere.  The downtown Towson area has seen a few new places pop up over the last few years even as places like Towson Commons have shut down.  Yes, many old favorites like Kyodai, Kathmandu and Strappazza (just to name a few) are all still in that downtown area.  One that has been around for a while but I haven't had the chance to visit until not long ago was the Towson Hot Bagels (map here), recently voted Best Bagel in Baltimore.  Is this the influx of New Jersey and New York kids at the University making this assessment?  Seriously though, it's an efficient set up.  It has to be, since there are so many of these college kids in there!  The bagels are indeed good: chewy and filling and lovely.  I got an everything with cream cheese the one time I went there with some friends from out of town.


    A few storefronts have seen some changes across the street from the library on York Road (map here: they're all close by): the Indo-Chinese place is now straight up Indian (India Cuisine), and I still haven't gotten to the Chinese place next door (The Orient Restaurant) or the 7 West Bistro Grille around the corner, all conveniently nestled not too far from Exits 26 and 27.  One place I have gotten to is the Phò Dat Thành (map here), the phò place near the Melting Pot, and one of three in the Baltimore area (with locations in Laurel and Columbia).  This once was a "pan-Asian" restaurant serving Chinese, Japanese and Thai food.  It finally settled on Vietnamese.  While they have various stir fry options available, you will probably want to go for the phò: a good, large standard bowl of phò at not a very steep price.

    The "Essex" section (northeast, Exits 31A through 38B)

    Sadly, I don't get around to this part of the Beltway that often anymore either.  I really should just stop between Exits 38B and 39 off North Point Blvd at the Prima Foods (map here).  This is Baltimore's premier stop for all your Greek ingredient needs, including their barrels of olives that you scoop yourself.  Closer to Route 7 and CCBC Essex lies places I have yet to get to, notably the Pizza Rustica (map here) at the intersection of crazy and crashy, er, Rossville Blvd and Pulaski Hwy near Exit 35 (seriously, why is that intersection so accident-prone?).

    Ever since I last visited for the Beltway Snacking project a few years ago, I knew that Baltimore's favorite pit beef joint - and apparently the über-annoying Guy Fieri's - was in this area.  It did not dawn on me just how much closer Chaps Pit Beef (map here) is to 895 than the Beltway, so much so technically it shouldn't really be in this post.  But screw it, it's only a few miles away from Exit 35, so it's going in anyway.


    For the few Bawlamorons who haven't been to this place - I admit, I was one of them until I went for this post - and for those outside the city who still aren't quite sure what "pit beef" really is, Chaps is not all big and flashing, and is even kind of easy to miss if you're not paying attention.  Plus, there isn't a large parking lot.  It is one of those places that stays small and puts out a quality product.  Okay, a lot of quality products: it's not just pit beef but various types of barbecue.  The menu is as complicated as any BBQ joint I've seen in this or other parts of the country.  But I went specifically for the pit beef sandwich, medium rare (about $6).  The meat is smoky, soft and juicy, and yes, you must bite down to get the slices of pit beef off the sandwich (but hey, that's pit beef for you).  Don't forget the many toppings along the window: horseradish, tiger sauce (horseradish mayonnaise), hots and a pickle chip belong on any pit beef sandwich.  I can't imagine eating pit beef without horseradish.  I just don't want to.


    Isn't it better to imagine a nice juicy pit beef sandwich slathered with a big ol' blob of horseradish instead?


    The "Dundalk" section (southeast, Exits 39 through 44)

    Since family, work and friends are all in other parts of the area, I almost never get to Dundalk anymore.  And like with the Rosedale / Hamilton area it is easy to find pit beef in Dundalk.  Even easier since Merritt Blvd lost the wondrous Weenie World, one of my favorite hot dog places around the Beltway.  In its place is the Bullpen (map here), with the tagline "You can't beat our meat" (errrrrmm...).  Like Chaps and the nearby Bada Bing Bada Beef (which I did get to last time), this is also a pit beef and BBQ joint, and I will have to try it out next time I'm back down that way.

    As with my much-delayed visits to Peju's and Chaps, I did finally get to the Boulevard Diner (map here).  Guy Fieri also stopped by here (my God, how many of these places has Guy Fieri infected with his presence anyway!?) for his DD&D show.  The Boulevard is your quintessential diner - nothing much different about that, except for the massive illustration of Ray Lewis (W0000000000T!!!!!) in the entryway.  Inside, it's no-nonsense but friendly and quick service.  And it has all the diner classics: the Mediterranean stuff, the burgers, the meatloaf, the desserts, and the all-day breakfasts.  I hadn't eaten lunch that day but was in the mood for pancakes - not many, but pancakes all the same.


    I have my fat group, my carb group and my sugar group!


    I got the short stack of two massive pancakes ($5) with two sausage patties (an extra $2).  I can't think of much else to say: they were typically tasty diner pancakes. The sausage was a little gristly but nothing I haven't enjoyed eating before.  And of course, I bathed the whole thing in butter and syrup, as you are supposed to do with diner pancakes.  Yum.



    Post-Script

    Had I decided to continue the blog - and had gas prices fallen again - I might have liked to get around the Beltway again.  I'm not sure I would've had the time, though: the one thing I remembered while doing the research for this post was how much time it took the first time around. So revisiting these various joints around 695 is just something I will have to leave to others.  Every exit has something worth eating (and probably something that is best left alone).  Search it out, folks.  I may not be writing about it, but I will certainly be searching for it nonetheless.

    Places I visited

    Boulevard Diner (diner) - 1660 Merritt Blvd, Dundalk, MD 21222; Phone: (410) 285-8660
    • Would I eat there again? Yes
    • Would I go out of my way to eat there again? Yes, why not?
    Chaps Pit Beef (pit beef & BBQ) - 5801 Pulaski Hwy, Baltimore, MD 21205; Phone: (410) 483-2379
    • Would I eat there again? Yes
    • Would I go out of my way to eat there again? Yes, and I'd have to
    Peju's Restaurant and Lounge (Nigerian / West African / Caribbean) - 1724 Woodlawn Drive, Wodlawn, MD 21207; Phone: (410) 277-9779
    • Would I eat there again? Yes
    • Would I go out of my way to eat there again? Sure, especially since it's the only Nigerian restaurant in the area.
    Phò Dat Thành (Vietnamese) - 510 York Rd, Towson, MD 21204; Phone: (410) 296-9118
    • Would I eat there again? Yes
    • Would I go out of my way to eat there again? Maybe
    Prima Foods (market / Greek) - 51 Kane St  Baltimore, MD 21224; Phone: (410) 633-5500
    • Would I shop there again? Yes
    • Would I go out of my way to shop there again? Sure!
    Teppanyaki Grill Supreme Buffet (buffet / Chinese / Japanese / American) - 3551 Washington Blvd, Lansdowne, MD 21227; Phone: (410) 242-5887
    • Would I eat there again? Probably not
    • Would I go out of my way to eat there again? Um, no
    Towson Hot Bagels (bagels / breakfast) - 16 Allegheny Ave, Towson, MD, 21204, with locations in Timonium and Canton
    • Would I eat there again? Yes
    • Would I go out of my way to eat there again? Hmmm...
    Places to visit later (though I must leave others to write about them)

    The Bullpen (pit beef & BBQ) - 1099 Merritt Blvd, Dundalk, MD 21222; Phone: (410) 288-3529

    Hip Hop Fish & Chicken (fried chicken / fast food) - 6604 Ritchie Hwy, Glen Burnie, MD 21061, with various other locations in the area; Phone: (410) 766-1515

    India Cuisine (Indian) - 321 York Rd, Towson, MD 21204; Phone: (410) 583-7770

    The Orient Restaurant (Chinese / Japanese) - 319 York Road, Towson, MD 21204, with locations in Bel Air and Perry Hall; Phone: (410) 296-9000

    Pizza Rustica (pizza / Italian) - 8805 Pulaski Highway, Rosedale, MD 21237; Phone: (410) 682-8640

    Punjab Kabab & Sweets (Pakistani / Indian) - 5313 East Dr, Arbutus, MD 21227; Phone: (410) 737-7773

    Seven Mile Supermarket (kosher / Jewish) - 201 Reisterstown Rd,  Pikesville, MD 21208; Phone: (410) 653-2000

    7 West Bistro Grille (American / bar) - 7 W Chesapeake Ave, Towson, MD 21204; Phone: (410) 337-9378

    Three Brothers of Lansdowne (pizza / Italian) - 3611 Washington Blvd, Lansdowne, MD 21227, with sixteen locations statewide; Phone: (410) 536-1080

              Best Of: Restaurants        
    I have had a lot of great experiences eating out these last few years, and it's difficult to winnow this list down as well.  What were my favorite eating out experiences during The Baltimore Snacker?  Well, I could not list all of them, but I tried to list about 20-to-30-ish in the Baltimore area (plus a handful of others elsewhere).  They're in alphabetical order by type of cuisine, and I try to do one of each type of eating establishment for variety.  Also note: yes, I am missing a lot of places, in a lot of neighborhoods.  This reflects my favorites.  That doesn't mean yours isn't any good.  Believe you me, I may not have even gotten to eat at your favorite in all the years I've been writing this blog.

    Favorite African: Dukem (Ethiopian - Mount Vernon, with another location in Washington, DC; featured in the post "Dukem #2", published December 17, 2006) - Always a good place for some filling beef wot and lamb fitfit.  Get an Ethiopian lager or stout while you're at it.
    • Honorable mention: The Yabba Pot (vegan/soul food - Station North/Charles Village - apparently it's now closed); Peju's Kitchen & Lounge (Nigerian / West African / Caribbean - Woodlawn); I'm still meaning to try Tam Tam (Senegalese - Rosebank) on York Road.

    Favorite African-American/Southern/Barbecue: TIE: Reginald F. Lewis Museum Café (Little Italy/Downtown - first featured in the post "Not a Festival - Reginald F. Lewis Museum", published July 10, 2007) and Miss Shirley's (various locations and food truck - first featured in the post "Food Truck Fight!!!!!", published June 26, 2012) - The café at the Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African-American History is one of the best museum cafés I've ever eaten at: some of the tastiest fried catfish and macaroni and cheese in the area.  As for Miss Shirley's, they have lovely grits, especially with the unexpected addition of mascarpone.  Fascinating.
    • Honorable mention: Andy Nelson's BBQ Restaurant (Cockeysville - surprising enough, I've never blogged about this one either); Blacksauce Kitchen (food truck, often at Waverly farmer's market - not blogged about this one either.  I'm slackin'...)
    Favorite American/Eclectic/"New American" (the last of which could be anything really, since nobody knows what the hell it means): The Food Market (Hampden - first featured in the post "The Food Market in Hampden") - Chef Chad Gauss used to be at the City Café, which had some wonderful food while he was there.  Sure the food there is still pretty good, but Gauss definitely took the best stuff with him to his new Hampden location.  It's pricey and super-busy, so go on a weeknight, preferably during Restaurant Week.
    • Honorable mention: City Café (Mount Vernon); Owl Bar (Mount Vernon); Mount Vernon Stable (Mount Vernon); Rocket 2 Venus (Hampden)
    Favorite Baked Goods: Iced Gems Baking (cupcakes - Reisterstown & food truck; first featured in the post "Iced Gems Baking", published May 13, 2010) - Love their English rose cupcakes - with real rosewater, I might add - and their vanilla chocolate, chocolate vanilla and vanilla vanilla offerings.
    Favorite Brewpub: Heavy Seas Alehouse (Little Italy - first featured in the post "Random Bites: December Edition", published December 26, 2012) - My sister and her husband just loved this place when they stopped here from Savannah over Christmas.  So many good recommendations from the waitstaff, and so many good beers, made right in Halethorpe, I might add.

    Favorite Burger: Alonso's (Roland Park; first featured in the post "Exit 25: MD-139 (Charles Street, to area colleges)", published February 22, 2008) - This was a tough one to winnow down, and the ones in the "Honorable Mention" category were justthisclose to being at the top.  But I have to go with the easy choice: their one pound burger is definitely one to take home and finish later, but it's still a yummy burger.
    • Honorable mention: So, sooooo many: City Café (Mount Vernon); Gino's (Towson); Marie Louise Bistro (Mount Vernon); Owl Bar (Mount Vernon); Shake Shack (various locations, including Upper West Side, Manhattan, New York, and Downtown, Washington, DC); Sláinte (Fells Point)
    Favorite Candies: Rheb's Candies (Violetville; first featured in the post "Rheb's Candies", published December 8. 2007) - Family lore has it that my grandmother worked there for a short time in the 50's.  Such wonderful candies they have there, all homemade, hon.
    Favorite Central Asian/Middle Eastern: The Helmand (Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "The Helmand", published September 23, 2006) - I wasn't sure how to formulate this category.  Where to put the Helmand: South Asian?  Central Asian?  I settled on this.  Or I could just create a category just for Baltimore's favorite Afghan restaurant.  Wonderful pilau, shawerma and my favorite dish of course, the kaddo borawni.  This was the second restaurant I ever blogged about, by the way.
    Favorite Chinese (Americanized or otherwise): TIE - Asian Court (Ellicott City - first featured in the post "Asian Court", October 1, 2011) and Golden Gate (Catonsville/Arbutus - first featured in the post "Exits 12B-C - MD-372 (Wilkens Ave., East and West)", published September 12, 2007) - Asian Court is one of the few (but becoming more common) places to find food that would be recognizable as "Chinese food" in China.  Wonderful dim sum.  Golden Gate is a more Americanized Chinese place, with the reliable old orange chicken (my favorite of theirs), though they, too, are starting to make more "Chinese Chinese" dishes available to the public.
    Favorite Crab Cake: G & M (Linthicum; first featured in the post "G & M", published April 5, 2007) - Yes, I went there.  I chose a favorite crab cake place.  I've had other good ones in this city but there's a reason why G & M keeps making Top 5 lists all over Bawlmer: big ass crabcake with so little filler it'll amaze you how they got it so big.  Complete with cole slaw and those bright red pickled apple slices that are so ubiquitous in Charm City.
    • Honorable mention: Faidley's (Lexington Market); Lansdowne Inn (Lansdowne - No, it's not the best crab cake, but it holds a very special place for me since my father often walked there from the house to get himself and Mom crab cakes.  Again, not the best crab cake in the area, but they are a sentimental favorite of mine.  Plus we held Dad's wake there after his funeral.  We had spaghetti that time though.  Again, sentimental favorite.).  
    • Avoid: Royal Farms Crab Cake (seriously, Royal Farms?)
    Favorite Deli: Attman's Delicatessen (Little Italy/Corned Beef Row - first featured in the post "Trekkin' around Little Italy and Corned Beef Row", published October 13, 2008) - A Bawlmer institution that I've been lucky to know since childhood, when my father would drag my sister and I there to get a few pounds of kosher dogs, lots of bologna and corned beef.  Oooooh, I can still taste it.
    Favorite Diner: Towson Diner (Towson - first featured in the post "Exit 26A and B: MD-45 (York Road, to Lutherville and Towson)", published March 6, 2008) - Snappy, friendly service and good, filling pancakes, Reubens and the like.  Still haven't ventured to try the mile-high cakes yet.  So much cake.

    Favorite Farmers' Market / Local Food (Farm-Affiliated) Store: 32nd Street Farmers' Market (Waverly; first featured in the post "Waverly Farmers' Market", published June 7, 2008) - Open every Saturday (except, maybe, in a snowpocalypse), they've got good stuff there - not just the myriad of fresh veggies and fruit but so much more!  Everything from buffalo (Gunpowder Bison) to meat pies (Curry Shack) to milk, butter and so on (South Mountain Creamery).
    Favorite Gay/Lesbian Bar: The Club Hippo (bar/gay & lesbian - Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "The Hippo", published October 11, 2006) - With a wide selection of beers on tap (DeClaw, Dogfish, New Belgium, Leininkugel, Shiner, Natty Boh, all the usual suspects) plus a big dance floor (that I never use 'cuz I can't dance, and don't ask me) that doubles as the scene for many a drag or leather competition, this is my go-to place in Mount Vernon.  See it fill up Monday nights for RuPaul's Drag Race or Wednesday nights for BINGO!
    • Honorable mention: Grand Central (across the street - are we really everywhere or just at the corner of Charles and Eager?); Nellie's Sports Bar (Shaw/U Street, Washington, DC); DC Eagle (Washington, DC)
    Favorite Hot Dog: Haute Dog Carte (hot dogs - Mount Washington; first featured in the post "Haute Dog Carte", published September 3, 2010) - Hands down.  Just the "regular" dog is special enough, but those special dogs?  Oh my.
    • Honorable mention: Ann's Dari-Creme (Glen Burnie); Weenie World (Dundalk - now closed) 
    Favorite Indian/South Asian: Indigma (Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "Indigma", published September 2, 2007) - Oh, this was a tough one.  There are so many good Indian places in and around Baltimore these days it's difficult to choose.  But you gotta hand it to Indigma: they suffered a massive fire and bounced back bigger than ever.  Their buffet is one of the most interesting, though not terribly pricier than the others.

    Favorite Irish Pub: Sláinte Pub (pub/Irish - Fells Point; first featured in the post "Sláinte Pub and the Amazing Last Minute Goal", published June 23, 2010) - Yes I go there for the soccer.  And I stay there for the food (Irish bibimbap and Friday $1 oysters, anyone?  Plus their fish and chips are definitely worth a look or two) and the Guinness.  They do have other beers, too.

    Favorite Italian (non-pizza): TIE: Sotto Sopra (Italian/Sardinian - Downtown; first featured in the post "Sotto Sopra", published June 13, 2008) and Chiapparelli's (Little Italy - last featured in the post "Tidbits: Boys of Summer Edition", published August 29, 2010) - Have had very good service in both places.  At Sotto Sopra the food is real Sardinian home cookin'.  Can't afford Opera Night, but I try to eat cheap anyway.  Chiapparelli's for Restaurant Week is also a beautiful thing.
    Favorite Japanese: Minato (Japanese - Mount Vernon; featured several times, including "Minato the Threequel", published September 1, 2007) - My go-to place for sushi and friendly service.  Their Maryland roll is fascinating, especially on $7 special maki roll night.  Try not to miss happy hour.

    Favorite Korean: Jong Kak (Korean - Koreatown/Charles Village; first published in the post "Jong Kak", published April 20, 2008) - My friends and I don't even have to say where when one of us suggests "Korean".  The barbecue is always filling and flavorful, the pajeon never too greasy, and the panchan goes well with a nice crisp bottle of Hite beer.
    Favorite Local Grocery Store, Hon, Ethnic or Otherwise: Geresbeck's (supermarket - Middle River; first featured in the post "A Dangerous Love Affair with Geresbeck's Bakery", published October 18, 2007) - Their cakes are just wonderful, and the smearcase is legendary.  And don't forget some chocolate top cookies.  Yes, I'm specifically raving about their bakery here.  Yum.

    Favorite Mexican: TIE: El Nayar (Catonsville and Elkridge - first featured in the post "El Nayar", published June 16, 2009) and R&R Taquería (Jessup/Elkridge - first featured in the post "Random Bites: December Edition", published December 26, 2012) - It's tough to find authentic Mexican in this area, but thankfully it's becoming easier!  El Nayar's taco plate is some of the more authentic I've had in the area, while R&R has the best cochinita pibil in Baltimore hands down.
    Favorite Pit Beef: Chaps Pit Beef (Armistead Gardens/Hopkins Bayview - I have not yet blogged about this, though watch this weekend) - Yes, we should bow to the king here - Chaps Pit Beef is a local legend, and it should be: wide selection of pit beef and BBQ, though I have to zero in on the pit beef.  Just plop some horseradish and "tiger sauce" on it and a little bit of hots.  Woh-ho-ho. Lansdowne is really getting built up these days.  But right near the new Wal-Mart and the Home Depot is a long-standing SoWeBaltCo (Did I just make up a new term?) tradition: that wonderful little pit beef truck with juicy pit beef and lots of horseradish and barbecue sauce to go with.  If only I was in the area more often when it's there.
    Favorite Pizza/Pizza and Subs: Vito's Pizza (Cedarcroft/Lake Walker; first featured in the post "Vito's Pizza", published April 8, 2009) - Good pizza of all kinds, since the owner - from Naples - knows what he's doing.  Delicious.
    • Honorable mention: Pasta Mista (various locations, including Canton and Towson - New Yorkers who live down here swear by it); Iggie's (Mount Vernon)
    Favorite Tapas/Small Plates: 13.5% Wine Bar (Hampden; first featured in the post "13.5% Wine Bar", published August 24, 2009) - A job hunt at the time didn't deter me from one of my favorite Hampden eateries.  Their wall o' wine is intimidating unless you just stick to cocktails or beer.  They have wonderful selections of cheese, pizzas and many different finger foods. 
    • Honorable mention: Tapas Teatro (Station North/Charles Village - this was, in fact, the very first restaurant I ever blogged about).  
    • Avoid: La Tasca (Inner Harbor- warmed-over frozen mixed veggies from a bag - yum.  Easily the most bleh, half-assed tapas I have ever had.  But that's what I get for eating at a chain restaurant in the most touristy part of the city)
    Favorite Thai: Thai Restaurant (Waverly; first featured in the post "Thai Restaurant", published April 14, 2010) - the fried crab wings (yes, crab wings) alone are reason to go there.  The pad thai is good but explore their many other offerings, will ya?
    Favorite Vegetarian/Vegan: Mango Grove (Columbia; first featured in the post "Mango Grove", published February 16, 2008) - It's not often I will go out of my way to eat vegetarian food, but when I do, I prefer Mango Grove.  Two words: bread pakora.  And the dosa?  Lovely.


    Favorite Vietnamese: Pho Miss Saigon (Glen Burnie - first featured in the post "Exit 3B - MD 2 South (Ritchie Hwy to Glen Burnie)", published June 11, 2007) - Good filling phò and not that pricey.

    Favorite Wine/Beer/Liquor Store: The Wine Source (Hampden; featured several times, including "Baltimore Beer Week Continues...", published October 14, 2009, "Get this wine - but I DARE you to close it back up!", published July 14, 2008), and "Sake, Sake Everywhere (Post #999)", April 17, 2009) - They have always been so knowledgeable about any wine that this non-wine person might ask about.  Wondrous selection of beers, too.  Also sample the cheese and charcuterie section while you're there.
    Also worth noting...


    Favorite Dearly Departed Restaurant: Zodiac Restaurant (American - Station North [now closed]; last featured in the post "Last Call at the Zodiac", published August 9, 2008) - For a quick bite before a show at the Charles Theatre or (now relocated) Everyman, I loved this place for its goofy decor, its line of vegan desserts and very non-vegan entrées (I so fondly remember their hamburger, and the mashed potatoes even more so), and its apparent hauntings which I had never experienced.  Since they shut down operations in 2008, apparently the Club Charles next door carries some of their same menu offerings.  The Zodiac still exists, though not as a restaurant: it's now a comedy club.  Maybe that ghost is having fun pushing patrons down the stairs again?

    Favorite Coddies:  I hate coddies.  Never liked 'em.  I have no favorites.  There, I said it.

    And now, just a handful of favorite eats out in other parts of the country and the world...


    Aroma (Chinese/Malaysian - Soho, London, England, UK; featured in post "Aroma", published January 6, 2007)

    BCD Tofu House (Korean - various locations, including Los Angeles' Koreatown; featured in the post "From Bulgogi Tacos to Avocado Salsa: A Day of Eating in LA", published May 26, 2010)

    Bojo (Indonesian - Leidesplein, Amsterdam, Netherlands; featured in post "Amsterdam Trip Part Drie: Little Bites Here and There", published March 25, 2008)


    Bool BBQ (Korean/Mexican - food truck, Los Angeles; featured in the post "From Bulgogi Tacos to Avocado Salsa: A Day of Eating in LA", published May 26, 2010)

    Casa Maya (Mexican/Yucatecan/Maya - Mentone, California; first featured in the post "Casa Maya", April 7, 2007)

    The Castaway Restaurant (American/brunch - San Bernardino, California; first featured in the post "Easter Sunday Eatin' Part 1: Castaway of San Bernardino", published April 9, 2007)

    Duplex Diner (American/gay and lesbian - Adams Morgan, Washington, DC; featured in the post "Adams Morgan for Capital Pride", June 17, 2011)


    Meskerem (Ethiopian - Washington, DC; first featured in the post "Day at the Smithsonian / Meskerem (or, "Hey, where did all the Ethiopian restaurants go?")", published December 31, 2008)

    Moon River Brewing Company (brewpub/American/Southern - Savannah, Georgia; first featured in the post "Georgia on My GPS Part 3: Moon River Brewing Company / Savannah Candy Kitchen", published June 27, 2009)

    Pig & Fish (pub/American - Rehoboth Beach, Delaware; first featured in the post "Tidbits: Rehoboth in August Edition", published August 6, 2011)


    Rudy's Barbecue (barbecue - Austin, Texas; first featured in the post "Austin City, Unlimited Part I - Of Barbecue and Barbacoa", published June 5, 2012)

    Shake Shack (hamburgers/shakes - most locations in New York, New York, with locations in Washington, DC, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; first featured in the post "Weekend in New York: The Food", published July 17, 2009)


    Wagamama (Japanese/ramen - various locations, mostly in the UK and continental Europe, with three stateside locations, all in Boston, Massachusetts; featured in several posts, including "Wedding in Provincetown Part II: Back to Boston", published September 23, 2011)
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 11-24-2016         
    Playlist:

    MC5- Intro 2 Kick Out The Jams - Kick Out The Jams
    Jefferson Airplane- Volunteers - Volunteers
    Public Enemy- Fight The Power - Power To The People The Beats Public Enemys Greatest Hits
    Fela Kuti- Water No Get Enemy - Expensive Shit
    Boscoe- He Keeps You - Boscoe
    FEAR- Lets Have A War - A
    Randy Newman- Political Science - Sail Away Remastered
    Abner Jay- Vietnam - One Man Band
    Fannie Lou Hamer- Woke Up This Morning - Songs My Mother Taught Me
    Neil Young- Revolution Blues - On The Beach
    KRSOne- Sound Of Da Police - Return Of The Boom Bap
    Yusef Lateef- Eastern Market - Yusef Lateefs Detroit Latitude 42 30 Longitude 83
    Death- Politicians In My Eyes - For The Whole World To See
    Cock Sparrer- Were Coming Back - Shock Troops
    Bikini Kill- Reject All American - Reject All American
    Gil ScottHeron- The Revolution Will Not Be Televised - The Revolution Begins The Flying Dutchman Masters
    Black Flag- White Minority - Jealous Again EP
    Dead Kennedys- Kill The Poor - Fresh Fruit For Rotting Vegetables
    T Rex- Children Of The Revolution Gary Calamar Remix - TRex Vs KCRW Soundclash EP
    The Temptations- Stop The War Now - Solid Rock
    TSOL- Red Shadows - Change Today
    Grandmaster Flash Melle Mel The Furious Five- The Message 12 Single Version - The Best Of Grandmaster Flash Melle Mel The Furious Five
    James Brown- Soul Power Pt 1 - 20th Century Masters The Millennium Collection The Best Of James Brown
    Crosby Stills Nash Young- Ohio - The Bridge School Collection Vol 5 Live
    John Lee Hooker- I Gotta Go To Vietnam - Urban Blues
    The Flying Burrito Brothers- My Uncle - The Gilded Palace Of Sin And Burrito Deluxe
    Nina Simone- I Wish I Knew How It Would Feel To Be Free - Forever Young Gifted Black Songs Of Freedom And Spirit
    Pete Seeger- If I Had A Hammer - If I Has A Hammer Song
    Curtis Mayfield- Move On Up Single Edit - Move On Up Single Edit Single
    Swamp Dogg- Sam Stone - Cuffed Collared Tagged
    Patti Smith- My Generation - Horses Legacy Edition
    Creedence Clearwater Revival- Fortunate Son - Chronicle The 20 Greatest Hits
    John Lennon- I Dont Wanna Be A Soldier Mama I Dont Wanna Die - Imagine
    Radiohead- You And Whose Army - Amnesiac
    Robert Pete Williams- Vietnam Blues - Robert Pete Williams
    Jimi Hendrix- Star Spangled Banner - Experience Hendrix The Best Of Jimi Hendrix
    Billy Paul- Am I Black Enough For You - 360 Degrees Of Billy Paul
    Merry Clayton- Gimme Shelter - 20 Feet From Stardom Music From The Motion Picture
    Bad Brains- Banned In DC - Black Dots
    Stiff Little Fingers- Alternative Ulster - Inflammable Material
    The Chambers Brothers- Time Has Come Today - The Time Has Come
    Sly The Family Stone- Thank You Falettinme Be Mice Elf Agin - Greatest Hits


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2016-11-24
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 05-30-2016 with Adam Taylor        
    Playlist:

    Tony Joe White- The Middle Of Nowhere - Rain Crow
    13th Floor Elevators- Reverberation Doubt - Mojo Presents Paint It Black
    M83- Laser Gun - Junk
    Mayer Hawthorne- Breakfast In Bed - Man About Town
    Roots Of Creation- A Time Will Come feat Pato Banton - Livin Free
    Santigold- Cant Get Enough Of Myself feat BC - 99 Cents
    - voicebreak -
    Jeff Buckley- Dont Let The Sun Catch You Cryin - You And I
    Ronnie Spector- Dont Let The Sun Catch You Crying - English Heart
    Rooney- Why feat Soko - Washed Away
    ZMEI3- Shes Gone Wild - Rough Romanian Soul
    Tacocat- I Love Seattle - Lost Time
    Miike Snow- Genghis Khan - Iii
    Bombino- Tamiditine Tarhanam - Azel
    Lucinda Williams- Its Nobodys Fault But Mine - God Dont Never Change The Songs Of Blind Willie Johnson
    Lukas Nelson Promise Of The Real- Something Real - Something Real
    Courtney Barnett- Three Packs A Day - Good For You Milk Records Compilation
    M Ward- Pirate Dial - More Rain
    Patti Smith- Pumping My Heart - The Essential Patti Smith
    Fela Ransome Kuti His Koola Lobitos- Everyday I Got My Blues Live - HighlifeJazz And AfroSoul
    - voicebreak -
    Andrew Bird- Capsized - Are You Serious
    White Denim- Real Deal Momma - Stiff
    Thao The Get Down Stay Down- Astonished Man - A Man Alive
    PJ Harvey- Near The Memorials To Vietnam And Lincoln - The Hope Six Demolition Project
    Aesop Rock- Dorks - The Impossible Kid
    The Disco Biscuits- On Time feat TuPhace - Planet Anthem Deluxe Edition
    Bob Mould- Voices In My Head - Patch The Sky
    The California Honeydrops- A Rivers Invitation - A Rivers Invitation
    Caetano Veloso Gilberto Gil- Tropiclia Ao Vivo - Dois Amigos Um Sculo De Msica Multishow Live
    Willie Nelson- Summertime - Summertime Willie Nelson Sings Gershwin
    Nada Surf- New Bird - You Know Who You Are
    - voicebreak -
    Eric Bachmann- Separation Fright - Eric Bachmann
    Corinne Bailey Rae- Horse Print Dress - The Heart Speaks In Whispers
    My Morning Jacket- Mahgeetah - It Still Moves Deluxe Edition
    Caselangveirs- Best Kept Secret - Case Lang Veirs


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/5/playlistDate/2016-05-30
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 02-05-2016 with 99 & Barry        
    Playlist:

    Snakefinger- The Man In The Dark Sedan - The Man In The Dark Sedan Single
    Half Japanese- You And I - Perfect
    The Colorblind James Experience- A Different Bob - The Colorblind James Experience
    Jaes Soul- Sintona En Soul - Sensacional Soul Vol 2
    Snagthong Seesai- Duang Duang Duang Luck Luck Luck - Thai Funk Zudrangma Vol 2
    Lydia Lunch And Rowland S Howard- Some Velvet Morning - Some Velvet Morning
    - voicebreak -
    Rico- Take 5 - Roots To The Bone
    Sun Ra His Arkestra- Space Chant - The Soul Vibrations Of Man Remastered 2016 feat John Gilmore Marshall Allen Eloe Omoe
    The Art Ensemble Of Chicago- Illistrum - Fanfare For The Warriors
    Pascal Comelade- Memories - El Primitivisme
    Arrington De Dionyso- Mani Malaikat - Malaikat Dan Singa
    - voicebreak -
    Tackhead- War - For The Love Of Money
    Amabis- Para Mulatu feat Criolo - Daora Underground Sounds Of Urban Brasil HipHop Beats Afro Dub Deluxe Edition
    DJ Spooky- Duality - The Secret Song
    Senyawa- Bekal Ilmu - Menjadi
    Sainkho Namtchylak- Dushkan Ezim To - Like A Bird Or Spirit Not A Face
    - voicebreak -
    The Colorblind James Experience- Considering A Move To Memphis - The Colorblind James Experience
    Brigitte Bardot- Contact - The Best Of Bardot
    Dave Brubeck Quartet Featuring Jimmy Rushing- Evenin feat Jimmy Rushing - Brubeck Rushing feat Jimmy Rushing
    The Jive Bombers- Bad Boy - Greatest RB Hits Of 1957 Vol 2
    Various Artists- Ball In The Jack - Otis Fodders 365 Days Project UBUCOM
    Molam Lao- Lam Khonsavane - Music From Southern Laos
    Abner Jay- Woke Up This Morning - One Man Band
    - voicebreak -
    Animal Collective- Lying In The Grass - Painting With
    DJ OliveIkue Mori- Announcement - The Turntable Sessions Volume 1
    Negativland- In The Beginning - Its All In Your Head
    Various Artists- Get Back Satan - Fire In MY Bones Raw RareOther Worldly Gospel
    The Books- A Cold Freezin Night - The Way Out
    Elizabeth Cotten- Freight Train - Freight Train And Other North Carolina Folk Songs And Tunes
    Co Ba Thinh- G Thu Vietnam - Longing For The Past The 78 Rpm Era In Southeast Asia
    - voicebreak -
    Arnold Dreyblatt- The Adding Machine - The Adding Machine
    Renaldo The Loaf- Kimbolton Gnome Song - Songs For Swinging Larvae Songs From The Surgery
    Various Artists- Homecoming - Electric Gypsyland 2
    Alif- Dars Min Kama Sutra A Lesson From Kama Sutra - AynamaRtama
    Brooklyn Funk Essentials- Recycled - Funk Aint Ova
    African Head Charge- Free Chant - Shrunken Head


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2016-02-05
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 07-16-2015 with Wally        
    Playlist:

    Mark Gergis- Xin Chao Immortal - Radio Vietnam
    John Frusciante- Murderers - To Record Only Water For Ten Days
    Shakey Graves- If Not For You - And The War Came
    The Haunted Windchimes- Out With The Crow - Out With The Crow
    The Budos Band- Origin Of Man - The Budos Band II
    The Flares- Foot Stomping - Mojo Presents DavdHeroesBowie
    Del McCoury David Grisman- A Good Womans Love - Del Dawg
    They Might Be Giants- Glean - Glean
    Alabama Shakes- The Greatest - Sound Color
    Two Gallants- Heartbreakdown - We Are Undone
    Viet Cong- Pointless Experience - Viet Cong
    Sohail Rana- Badal Aur Bijli - Disco Dildar
    Novalima- Machete - Afro
    Jaill- Change Reaction - Brain Cream
    Foxygen- Bowling Trophies - We Are The 21st Century Ambassadors Of Peace Magic
    Tinariwen- Tourmast Tincha - Emmaar
    Buxton- Good As Gone - Half A Native
    Chain Station- Gotta Have Gawd - Dancin With The Law
    Frank Solivan And Dirty Kitchen- Driftin Apart - Frank Solivan And Dirty Kitchen
    New Move- Vegetables - Portland Smiles A Tribute To The Beach Boys
    Syd Arthur- Mornings Calling - Moving World EP
    Aan- Bubble Bath Bop - Amor Ad Nauseum
    John Frusciante- Stage - Enclosure
    Joshua Redman The Bad Plus- Dirty Blonde - The Bad Plus Joshua Redman
    AA Bondy- Killed Myself When I Was Young - American Hearts
    NoMBe- California Girls - California Girls Single
    Django Django- Break The Glass - Born Under Saturn
    A Tribe Called Red- Suplex feat Northern Voice - Suplex EP
    Goat- Gathering Of Ancient Tribes - Commune
    The Green Seed- Jude Law - Drapetomania
    Breakbot- One Out Of Two feat Irfane - By Your Side
    Maker- Summer Times Part 2 - Maker Vs NowAgain
    Autechre- Bike - Incunabula
    The Wave Sthlm- Not Enough - Antisocial EP
    Rose Windows- Glory Glory - Rose Windows
    BRAINSTORM- Black To Bright - She Moves Single
    Dweezil Zappa- Peaches En Regalia - The Frank Zappa Aaafnraaaa Birthday Bundle
    EZTV- Trampoline - Calling Out
    Dave Depper- Monkberry Moon Delight - The Ram Project
    Peter Tosh- Steppin Razor - Scrolls Of The Prophet The Best Of Peter Tosh
    Eddie C- Fool On The Hill - Country City Country
    Department Of Eagles- Love Me - Sweetheart
    HNNY- Sunday - Sunday
    Tennis- 100 Lovers - Small Sound EP
    Delicate Steve- The Ballad Of Speck And Pebble - Wondervisions
    Rebirth Brass Band- Your Mama Dont Dance - Move Your Body
    Twinsmith- Constant Love - Alligator Years
    Run The Jewels ELP- Get It - Run The Jewels Instrumentals


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2015-07-16
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 07-08-2015 with Dave Blackwood        
    Playlist:

    Gao Hong- Mosquito Song - Pipa Potluck Lutes Around The World
    Bomba Estreo- Caderas - Amanecer
    Mark Gergis- Induction Temperature - Radio Vietnam
    - voicebreak -
    Dengue Fever- Still Waters Run Deep - The Deepest Lake
    Tony Allen- Afo Kunffu Beat - Film Of Life Deluxe Edition
    Nozinja- Xihukwani - Nozinja Lodge
    Django Django- 4000 Years - Born Under Saturn
    - voicebreak -
    Hot Chip- Why Make Sense - Why Make Sense
    Jamie Xx- Sleep Sound - In Colour
    Castanets- Its Good To Touch You In The Sunlight - Decimation Blues
    - voicebreak -
    Dale Earnhardt Jr Jr- We Almost Lost Detroit - Its A Corporate World
    Compilation- Space Race - Ultimate Collection Billy Preston
    Adrian Younge- 1969 Organ - Linear Labs Los Angeles
    Robert Glasper- Smells Like Teen Spirit - Black Radio
    - voicebreak -
    A Tribe Called Red- The Peoples Champ Ft Hellnback - Suplex EP
    Clap Your Hands Say Yeah- Is This Love - Clap Your Hands Say Yeah 10th Anniversary Edition
    Viet Cong- Continental Shelf - Viet Cong
    Giant Sand- Transponder - Heartbreak Pass
    Suuns Jerusalem In My Heart- 2amoutu I7tirakan - Suuns And Jerusalem In My Heart
    Jack Eliza- White Satin Bonus Track - Gentle Warnings
    Miss Kenichi- Big Log - The Trail
    Alabama Shakes- Future People - Sound Color
    - voicebreak -
    Jimi Hendrix- Earth Blues - People Hell And Angels
    Bill Callahan- America - Apocalypse
    Bob Darin- Me And Mr Hohner - Country Funk Volume II 19671974
    Poor Blue- In The Spirit - Youre Welcome
    Jaga Jazzist- Starfire - Starfire
    - voicebreak -
    Art Brut- Clever Clever Jazz - Brilliant Tragic
    The Sonics- I Dont Need No Doctor - This Is The Sonics
    Diane Coffee- Never Lonely - My Friend Fish
    - voicebreak -
    They Might Be Giants- Madam I Challenge You To A Duel - Glean
    WIN WIN- Been So Long - Primaries


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-07-08
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 05-01-2015 with 99 & Barry        
    Playlist:

    Papa Mali- Spike Driver - Music Is Love
    Talking Heads- Papa Legba Pops Staples Vocal Version - True Stories Bonus Track Version
    Invisible System- Melkam Kehonelish If That Is What You Want feat Mahmoud Ahmed - Roots N Dub Vs Beats N Trances
    Jon Batiste Chad Smith Bill Laswell- Haunted - The Process
    MC Curly Srey Thy- Cyclo Of Love - Rough Guide To Psychedelic Cambodia
    - voicebreak -
    Iggy Pop- Lust For Life - Lust For Life
    Darth Vegas- Nano Nano - Darth Vegas
    Perrey Kingsley- The Unidentified Flying Object - The In Sound From Way Out
    LEnsemble Ray- Le Moulin A Histoires - Les Contrepoints Cardinaux
    Normal Love- Electrolytes In The Brine - Survival Tricks
    Kashioboy- People Food Not Dead Animals - The Only Failure Is To Cease To Try
    X Legged Sally- 34th Street - Slowup
    - voicebreak -
    Slim Harpo- I Got Love If You Want It - Excello Single Anthology
    Cannonball Adderly- Anybody Need A Big Man - Big Man The Legend Of John Henry
    Nels Cline So Percussion- Terminals No 3 - Bobby Previte Terminals
    - voicebreak -
    Richard Hell The Voidoids- Time - The Richard Hell Story Remastered
    Happy Family- YouTube - Banana Split
    Make A Rising- Peaceful Paths - Infinite Ellipse And Head With Open Fontanel
    Antipop Consortium- Staph - Antipop Vs Matthew Shipp
    Etron Fou Leloublan- Pas Lsou - Les Poumons Gonfls
    Sex Mob- Dime Grind Palace - Dime Grind Palace
    Lars Hollmer- Boeves Psalm - XII Sibiriska Cyklar
    - voicebreak -
    Polly Feazel- Settle Down - Songs In The Key Of Z Vol 3 The Curious Universe Of Outsider Music
    Mark Gergis- Medium Wave Youth Choral And String - Radio Vietnam
    Guapo- Twisted Stems The Selenotrope - Elixirs EP
    Silver Apples- Oscillations - Silver Apples
    Barnaby Archer Feargus Brennan Ben Lewis Tom Lee Alexandra Vaduva Yixin Mao Neil Percy Wilhelm Quartet Artesian Quartet Toki Quartet- Variations For Vibes Pianos And Strings I Fast - Reich For Percussion
    - voicebreak -
    The Residents- Harry The Head - Shadowland
    Neu Abdominaux Dangereux- Arrivederia EccelenzaPeace - Dangereuxorcisms
    Renaldo The Loaf- Lime Jelly Grass - Songs For Swinging Larvae Songs From The Surgery
    Pascal Comelade Les Liminanas- Ramblin Rose - Traite Des Guitarres Triolectiques


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2015-05-01
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-22-2015 with Dave Blackwood        
    Playlist:

    Merry Clayton- Gimme Shelter - 20 Feet From Stardom Music From The Motion Picture
    Shawn Lee- Low Riders In Space - Synthesizers In Space
    Dave Richmond- Heavy Lead - Inner City Beat Detective Themes Spy Music And Imaginary Thrillers
    AM Shawn Lee- Jackie Blue - Celestial Electric
    The Go Team- The Art Of Getting By Song For Heavens Gate - The Scene Between
    Miraculous Mule- In My Time Of Dying - Mojo Proudly Presents Physical Graffiti Redrawn
    Two Gallants- Some Trouble - We Are Undone
    Viet Cong- Death - Viet Cong
    Chrome Hoof- Kestrel Dawn - Chrome Black Gold
    Hanni El Khatib- Worship Song No 2 - Moonlight
    - voicebreak -
    Tiger High- Dont Ask Why - Inside The Acid Coven
    Courtney Barnett- Nobody Really Cares If You Dont Go To The Party - Sometimes I Sit And Think And Sometimes I Just Sit
    Ty Segall- The Singer - Manipulator
    Various Artists- Boom Boom Satellites Limbo - Japan Not For Sale Vol 3
    Beardyman- A Cheerful And Sunny Disposition - Distractions
    Machinedrum- B Patient - Vapor City Archives
    Nostalgia 77 Prince Fatty- Skeletons Dub - In The Kingdom Of Dub
    Horseman- Brixton - Dawn Of The Dread
    11 Acorn Lane- Time For Tea - Time For Tea
    Mark Gergis- Induction Temperature - Radio Vietnam
    Lumerians- Life Without Skin - The High Frontier
    The Paradise Bangkok Molam International Band- - 21st Century Molam
    AllahLas- De Vida Voz - Worship The Sun
    Various Artists- Youre Gonna Miss Me Thirteenth Floor Elevators - Nuggets
    Kri Kri- Wahdi - 1970s Algerian Folk And Pop
    Mike And The Runaways- Corazon Lleno De Mal - Algo Salvaje
    Bill Frisell- Pipeline - Guitar In The Space Age
    Muslimgauze- Hussein Mahmood Jeeb Tehar Gass - Hussein Mahmood Jeeb Teha
    Castanets- Somewhere In The Blue - Decimation Blues
    The Pop Group- Citizen Zombie - Citizen Zombie
    Mother Mother- Get Out The Way - Very Good Bad Thing
    Foxygen- Brooklyn Police Station - And Star Power
    The Sonics- You Cant Judge A Book By The Cover - This Is The Sonics
    Guided By Voices- Authoritarian Zoo - Cool Planet
    Matthew E White- Rock Roll Is Cold - Fresh Blood
    Snake Rattle Rattle Snake- Evil Eye - Totem
    Jaga Jazzist- Going Down - A Living Room Hush
    Eno Hyde- Time To Waste It - High Life


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-04-22
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-20-2015 with Adam Taylor        
    Playlist:

    Quitapenas- Valle Moreno - Quitapenas
    Machuca Cumbia- Staying Alive - The Afrosound Of Colombia Vol 2
    Mark Gergis- Xin Chao Immortal - Radio Vietnam
    Tatanka- The Dub Yard - Tatanka
    Buena Vista Social Club- Como Fue - Lost And Found
    Okkervil River- Rider - I Am Very Far
    Mark Muleman Massey- Shes Hongry feat Bobby Rush - One Step Ahead Of The Blues
    Chris Daniels The Kings- Dont Let Your Mouth Write No Check Your Booty Cant Cash In feat Freddy Gowdy - Funky To The Bone feat Freddi Gowdy
    - voicebreak -
    Asleep At The Wheel- I Cant Give You Anything But Love with Kat Edmonson Ray Benson - Still The King Celebrating The Music Of Bob Wills And His Texas Playboys
    Mississippi Heat- Your Cheating Heart - Warning Shot
    Don Thomas- Come On Train - Northern Soul The Soundtrack
    Joe Tex- Under Your Powerful Love - Northern Soul The Soundtrack
    - voicebreak -
    Wayne Hancock- Deal Gone Down - Ride
    Willie Nelson- Hard To Be An Outlaw - Band Of Brothers
    Sturgill Simpson- Living The Dream - Metamodern Sounds In Country Music
    - voicebreak -
    The 5 Royales- Dedicated To The One I Love - Dedicated To You
    The 5 Royales- Think - Dedicated To You
    - voicebreak -
    The Sonics- You Cant Judge A Book By The Cover - This Is The Sonics
    Various Artists- Gang Of Four Naturals Not In It - Marie Antoinette
    Dub Trio- Jog On - Another Sound Is Dying
    John Oswald- Power - 69 Plunderphonics 96
    Hiss Golden Messenger- Custard Pie - Physical Graffiti Redrawn
    - voicebreak -
    Jaga Jazzist- Bananfluer Overalt Clark Remix - 9414 Reworks
    Murcof- Mir - Martes
    Felix Laband- Red Handed - Dark Days Exit
    Coldcut- Colours The Soul - Sound Mirrors
    Bill Withers- Moanin And Groanin - Just As I Am
    - voicebreak -
    Bob Dylan- Most Likely You Go Your Way And Ill Go Mine Mark Ronson Remix - Dylan
    Shawn Lees Ping Pong Orchestra- Francoise Hardy - Voices And Choices
    Various Artists- Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan Mustt Mustt Massive Attack Remix - Dubstars Vol 1 From Dub To Disco Disco To Dub
    Romanowski- Speaking Of In Dub - Steady Rocking Romanowski
    The Others- Light Up Your Spliff - License To Thrill Pt 3 Single
    Peter Tosh Dave Q- Legalize It Dave Q Remix - Ep
    - voicebreak -
    Cut Chemist DJ Shadow- Funky - The Hard Sell Encore
    Chenard Walcker- Season Of The Witch - The Pusher
    Kid Koala- 8 Bit Blues - 12 Bit Blues Bonus Track Version


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/5/playlistDate/2015-04-20
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-08-2015 with Dave Blackwood        
    Playlist:

    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    STEEL PULSE- Roller Skates - Earth Crisis
    The Specials- A Message To You Rudy - The Specials
    James Brown- Devils Den Live - Soul Pride The Instrumentals 19601969
    Afrosound- Banana De Queso - The Afrosound Of Colombia Vol 2
    Roy Shirley- Joe Razor - Bunny Lees Agro Sounds 101 Orange Street
    Tony Allen- Ewa - Film Of Life Deluxe Edition
    The Paradise Bangkok Molam International Band- - 21st Century Molam
    - voicebreak -
    Hailu Mergia The Walias- Musicawi Silt - Tche Belew
    Samba Toure- I Kana Korto - Gandadiko
    Red Baraat- Gaadi Of Truth - Gaadi Of Truth
    The Budos Band- The Sticks - Burnt Offering
    Papa Mali- Sugarland - Do Your Thing
    Goodie Mob- Free - Soul Food
    MC 900 Ft Jesus- Stare And Stare - One Step Ahead Of The Spider
    A Friend- Say Yes Dog - Luxembourg Sounds Like
    Father John Misty- The Night Josh Tillman Came To Our Apt - I Love You Honeybear
    Radian Howe Gelb- Im Going In - Radian Verses Howe Gelb
    A Place To Bury Strangers- Lower Zone - Transfixiation
    Lower Plenty- Concrete Floor - Life Thrills
    The Seeds- 900 Million People Daily All Making Love - Raw And Alive
    Miraculous Mule- In My Time Of Dying - Mojo Proudly Presents Physical Graffiti Redrawn
    Goat- Gathering Of Ancient Tribes - Commune
    The Go Team- The Art Of Getting By - The Scene Between
    The Go Team- Rolling Blackouts - Rolling Blackouts
    SleaterKinney- No Cities To Love - No Cities To Love
    Guided By Voices- Table At Fools Tooth - Cool Planet
    Courtney Barnett- Pedestrian At Best - Sometimes I Sit And Think And Sometimes I Just Sit
    The Clash- Janie Jones - The Clash US
    Mother Mother- Get Out The Way - Very Good Bad Thing
    11 Acorn Lane- Swing Thing ReSwing - Time For Tea
    Castanets- Somewhere In The Blue - Decimation Blues
    Panda Bear- Acid Wash - Panda Bear Meets The Grim Reaper
    Mark Gergis- Hit Zones - Radio Vietnam
    Hanni El Khatib- Worship Song No 2 - Moonlight
    Viet Cong- Death - Viet Cong


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-04-08
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-03-2015 with 99 & Barry        
    Playlist:

    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    Warsaw Afrobeat Orchestra- Empty Words - Wndelu
    Red Baraat- Crown Of Spades - Gaadi Of Truth
    Invisible System- Melkam Kehonelish If That Is What You Want feat Mahmoud Ahmed - Roots N Dub Vs Beats N Trances
    Camper Van Beethoven- Militia Song - New Roman Times
    Make A Rising- Bradfords Big Boatride Beyond The Dawn - Infinite Ellipse And Head With Open Fontanel
    Mike Patton- Il Cupo Dolore - A Perfect Place Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
    Cambodian Space Project- Whiskey Cambodia - Whiskey Cambodia
    Mark Gergis- Message To The Age Of Twenty - Radio Vietnam
    - voicebreak -
    Messer Chups- Harlem Nocturne - Church Of Reverb
    LEnsemble Ray- La Grande Ritournelle - Les Contrepoints Cardinaux
    Pardon KimuraDrummers- Japanese Bush Warbler - GEP Good Enough Pocket
    Colleen- Captain Of None - Captain Of None
    Tony MasonCox- Hitting The Bottom - Songs In The Key Of Z Vol 3 The Curious Universe Of Outsider Music
    Delia Derbyshire Anthony Newley- Moogies Bloogies - Moogies Bloogies Single
    Vakula Planet Lindela- 10 Henry Nxumalo Street feat Afurakan - Ten Cities
    Fela Kuti- No Possible Chris Deepak Remix - No Possible Chris Deepak Remix Single
    Los Pikadientes De Caborca- La Machaca - Vmonos Pal Ro
    Bingo Gazingo- The Cook Who Couldnt Cook - Songs In The Key Of Z Vol 3 The Curious Universe Of Outsider Music
    Butthole Surfers- Pepper - Electriclarryland
    Edward KaSpel- Flipside - A Long Red Ladder To The Moon Redux enhanced 2014
    Picchio Dal Pozzo- Boccasedrio - Picnic At Valdapozzo
    Koenjihyakkei- Lussesoggi Zomn - Nivraym
    The Residents- Blue Rosebuds - Shadowland
    The Flying Luttenbachers- Demonic Velocities 20000000 Volts - Destroy All Music Revisited
    John Zorn- Inside Straight - Naked City
    Etron Fou Leloublan- Those Distant Waters - Les Poumons Gonfls
    Osymyso- Love Bonus Track - Scott Pilgrim Vs The World Original Score Composed By Nigel Godrich
    Aksak Maboul- The Mooche - Onze Danses Pour Combattre La Migraine
    Andr Popp Eddy Marnay DKieffer- Babar Television - Babar Television Single
    The Paradise Bangkok Molam International Band- - 21st Century Molam
    Vo Tuan Minh- I Long To Return To My Hometown Que Me - Hanoi Masters War Is A Wound Peace Is A Scar
    Fadimoutou Wallet Inamoud- Ilana - Isswat
    Rusconi- Alice In The Sky - Revolution
    And The Native Hipsters- Folk Club Running - Original Copy


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2015-04-03
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-26-2014 with DJ Segue        
    Playlist:

    Can- Aumgn - Tago Mago
    Andy Votel- I Wonder If Theyd Like Something Foreign With A Bit More Fuzz And Heavier Drums - I Wonder If Theyd Like Something Foreign With A Bit More Fuzz And Heavier Drums
    Fuka Vicente- Tempura Soul - Payback presents GI Funk 14 Vietnam Wartime Funky Club Hits
    J Rocc- J Roccs Droppin Science with Blue Note - J Roccs Droppin Science with Blue Note
    Oddjob- Where Eagles Dare - Clint
    Piero Umiliani- Etat Hypnotique - Effets Speciaux
    Spring Heel Jack- Track Four - The Sweetness Of The Water
    Various Artists- ASide - From Here To There
    Hamish Kilgour- Last Song - All Of It And Nothing
    DJ Dolores- Suburbio Soul - Banda Sonora Musica para Filmes
    Moth Equals- Fools Are We - Sick Puppy
    Observers- Organ Satta - Head Shot Reggae Instrumentals Dubs and Other Oddities
    Ooah- Tubstomper - single
    The Bug- Mi Lost - Angels Devils
    Tre Mission - Real Grind feat Wiley Radio Edit - Real Grind Single
    Brothers Unlimited- Life Dreams Death - Whos For The Young
    Guts- Open Wide feat Lorine Chia - Hip Hop After All
    Flower Travellin Band- Satori Part 3 - Satori
    Krts- Hold On - Hold On LP
    Phng Dung- Ai Riddles - Saigon Rock Soul Vietnamese Classic Tracks 19681974
    - 02 All The Shallow Deep -
    - Interlude 2 -
    Dirty Filthy Mud- Forest Of Black - The Psychedelic Experience Vol2
    Dbruit Alsarah- Alhalim - Aljawal
    Flying Lotus- Turtles - Youre Dead
    - Going Unsteady -
    Clap Clap- The Rainstick Fable - Tayi Bebba
    ELOQ- Horny Loop - Activia Frenz Vol 1
    SBTRKT- Look Away feat Caroline Polachek - Wonder Where We Land
    - 11Eternally Ecstasy -
    GORK and Nick Holmes- a cartoons score adventure reunited backwards GoRk - FUN beattape album vol 002
    The Electric Peanut Butter Company- Dreams - TransAtlantic Psych Classics Vol2
    - Track 04 -
    - Jamsesh -
    Fink- Bristol Switch - Fresh Produce
    Grant Phabao Racecar- Return of the DigFu - Paris Djs Soundsystem Presents Killas Thrillas Chillas Foot Stompers Freaky Soul Vol1
    Grant Phabao The Lone Ranger- Fever - Paris DJs Virtual Release 12
    Lil Jabba- Tea - 47
    Nomo- Nu Tones - African Offering Afroinspired Selections From The Ubiquity Catalog
    Dynamo Productions- Showtime Remix of the Katalyst Track Showtime - analogue
    The Incredible Bongo Band- 02 Bongolia - Bongo Rock
    Sarah Vaughn- Mama - Funk Soul Brother presents Soul On Fire
    Caprells- Close Your Eyes - Funky LA
    Harris the ProphetsBill Ravi- Funky Sitar Man - Funky Sitar Man
    sasQwax- Gut Baste - Rhythm Incursions Podcasts
    Various Artists- Suck It See - 1
    Jackie Mittoo- Clean Up The Arena - Champion In The Area
    l Jawala- Talibanski Dub Umberto Echo Dubmix - Blast Your Ghetto Remixes
    The Partysquad- Lighterman JSTJR Bootleg - wwwsoundcloudcomjstjr
    Taiwan Mc- Mojo Rydim featuring Biga Ranx - Heavy This Year EP


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-12-26
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 11-21-2014 with DJ Segue        
    Playlist:

    Daniel Higgs- a3 - Devotional Songs Of Daniel Higgs
    DJ Food- Extract From Stolen Moments - One Mans Weird Is Another Mans World
    Ken Nordine- The Vidiot - Beat Generation Music Poetry
    Paul White- I Call You - Running On A Rainy Day
    Krokodil- 08 Raga 1971 - The Psychedelic Tapes
    Oneness Of Juju- Bootsies Lament - Space Jungle Luv
    Karl Hector the Malcouns- Mhammad - Unstraight Ahead
    Flying Lotus- Eyes Above - Youre Dead
    Brock Berrigan- A Strange Predicament - Four Walls and an Amplifier
    Cut Chemist- Bunkys Pick - The Litmus Test
    Cookin Soul x Gil Scott Heron- A sign of the ages - The Revolution is being televised tribute
    Onra- Welcome To Vietnam - Chinoiseries
    Onra- Chop Your Hands - Chinoiseries
    Paul White- Sleep Clapping - The Strange Dreams Of Paul White
    Fumaa Preta- Perdidos - Fumaa Preta
    Shawn Lees Ping Pong Orchestra- Hey Ya - Rewind Vol6
    Guts- Come Alive feat Lorine Chia - Hip Hop After All
    Deela- Maria Death Squad - Fantastic Freeriding 4 Now
    DJ Shadow- Ghost Town - The Liquid Amber EP
    Clap Clap- Kuj Yato - Tayi Bebba
    Brock Berrigan- Four Walls and an Amplifier - Four Walls and an Amplifier
    llmind- Straight Ahead Produced by llmind M31RK - BFKW llmind Beats For Kanye West EP
    Jaro Milko The Cubalkanics- Cumbia Orientale - Cigarros Explosivos
    - 101 The Anambra Bests -
    Brock Berrigan- Thats All - Four Walls and an Amplifier
    Denaun Porter- mOnTeZ tHeMe - Porter Chops Glasper
    Onra- Hope - Chinoiseries
    The Electric Peanut Butter Company- Backstreet Wall - TransAtlantic Psych Classics Vol2
    Lefties Soul Connection- Skit A - Akathisia
    Can- Halleluwah - Tago Mago
    Lou Jimmy- Walk On The Spinning Wheel J Rocc Edit - Flaunt Edwards
    The Beatstalkers- Edgelactic - Pyramid Funk Dynamite Reggae
    Gramatik- Doin It - SB1
    - 03 Babo -
    VA Near East Psych- Degmen Benim Gamli Yasli Gnlme - Ince Ince Bir Kar Yagar
    DJ Dolores- Alcool Bolero Filosofico - Banda Sonora Musica para Filmes
    M Ashraf feat Nahid Akhtar- Dilbar Dilbara - The Sound Of Wonder
    Lack of Afro- Freedom The Gene Dudley Group Remix Instrumental feat Jack Tyson Charles - Freedom
    VA Near East Psych- Niye Cattin Kaslarini - Ince Ince Bir Kar Yagar
    Baris Manco- Lambaya Pf De - Daglar Daglar
    Swindle- Summer Fruits - Walters Call
    Slugabed- 1 Badman - Activia Frenz Vol 1
    Chinese Man- pandi groove - The Groove Sessions
    Brock Berrigan- Scotch on a Yacht - Four Walls and an Amplifier
    The Survivors- Rawhide - Scratchy Sounds Ska Dub Roots Reggae Nuggets Disc 2
    Pyramid Blue- African Jungle - Dis Is Good For You Tropical Grooves and Afrofunk International
    Pete Rodriguez- I Like It Like That - Chef Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
    Butch Clancy- Ratchet Anthem - A Beautiful Mind LP
    Roses Gabor- Rush Instrumental - Rush
    Krts- Hold On Glenn Astro Remix - Hold On LP
    Gorgon Sound vs Dubkasm- Dub Mirror - The Versions
    Hi Tech Roots Dynamics- MSG Dub - New York Dub
    Hoodz- Bad Mind - Bad Mind Digi12
    The Spy From Cairo- Gypsy Stepper - The Wonderwheel Spins 2013
    80s Casual- Likkle Sound - In Dub
    1000names- Paper Trip - Invisible Architect
    Clap Clap- Sahkii Xirhuu - Tayi Bebba
    AfroMassive- Por Ejemplo - Fill the Void
    Helado Negro- Triangulate - Double Youth
    Paul White- Where You Gonna Go - Shaker Notes
    Skalpel- Theme From Behind The Curtain - Skalpel
    DJ Shepdog- Bigger Than Jamrock - Greatest Licks vol 1
    Taiwan Mc- Roll It Up featuring Plex Rock - Heavy This Year EP
    Mikael- Smiling Face - Smiling Face
    Anouk Aiata Taiwan MC- One Last Dub - One Last Dance
    Dennis Brown- Dub Around The World - Dennis Brown In Dub
    Lennie Hibbert- Chinese Beauty - More Creation
    Mos Dub- Shroud The Stars instrumental - Mos Dub
    Kalbata Mixmonster- Major Mackerel When the Congo Hit the Drum - Congo Beat the Drum
    - 09 Vision Quest 2 -
    - 03 Scratch To Win -
    ElP- Twin Back Hype - Run The Jewels Instrumentals
    Run The Jewels- Twin Hype Back Clean - Run The Jewels
    Run The Jewels- Oh My Darling Dont Cry Inst - RTJ2
    Run The Jewels- Oh My Darling Dont Cry Clean - RTJ2
    Taku- Clik Clak - RE TWERK
    Taku- Kendrick Lamar Swimming Pools Taku Remix - RE TWERK
    Taku- Electronic Relaxation - RETWERK VOLII
    Taku- Cosmos Midnight The Dofflin Taku Remix - RETWERK VOLII
    Taku- Shimmy Shimmy - RETWERK VOLII
    Hucci- The Fall - Rose Gold
    Taku- Closet Drake Fans - DRIZZY REWORKS
    Sub Swara- Traffic Jam Sub Swara Refix -
    The Beta Club- Brassa Nova - Paris Djs Soundsystem Presents Killas Thrillas Chillas Foot Stompers Freaky Soul Vol1


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-11-21
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 10-24-2014 with 99 & Barry        
    Playlist:

    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    - voicebreak -
    Orlando Julius- Omo Oba Blues - Jaiyede Afro with The Heliocentrics
    Kronos Quartet Kyp Malone Stuart Bogie Tunde Adebimpe- Sorrow Tears Blood - Red Hot Fela
    Rabbit Rabbit- Swallow Me Whole - Rabbit Rabbit Radio Vol 2 Swallow Me Whole
    Secret Chiefs 3 Ishraqiyun- The 7 - Perichoresis
    - voicebreak -
    Primus- I Want It Now - Primus The Chocolate Factory With The Fungi Ensemble
    Mike Watt- Black Gang Coffee - Contemplating The Engine Room
    - voicebreak -
    Tom Waits- Lucinda - Orphans Brawlers Bawlers Bastards
    Medeski Scofield Martin Wood- Light My Fire - Juice
    The Zverstvo- Naked - Cant Eat This Song
    Marc Ribots Ceramic Dog- Masters Of The Internet - Your Turn
    Heliocentrics Melvin Van Peebles- Chapter 09 The Dance - The Last Transmission
    Burnt Sugar- Round AboutAt Midnight - Fubractive Since Antiquity Suite
    African Head Charge- Treatment For A Septic Horn - Vision Of A Psychedelic Africa
    Zoom Tochka Ra- ZoomraZoom In - Art De Mixage
    Dot Wiggin Band- Boo Hoo - Ready Get Go
    Various Artists- Toc Mai Soi Van Soi Dai Long Uneven Hair - Saigon Rock Soul Vietnamese Classics 19681974
    Los Iracundos- El Hombre Del Brazo Oro - Los Nuggetz 60s Punk Pop And Psychedelic From Latin America
    Screamin Jay Hawkins- She Put The Wamee On Me - Voodoo Man
    Fanfara Tirana Transglobal Underground- Flowers Lament - Kabatronics Bonus Track Version
    Cyro Baptista- Olivia Step On The Roach - Love The Donkey
    Eno Hyde- Moulded Life - High Life
    Hailu Mergia The Walias- Musicawi Silt - Tche Belew
    Birdy Nam Nam- Jazz It At Home - Birdy Nam Nam
    Jaap Blonk- Schele Schoft - Braaxtaal
    The George Garabedian Singers- Spanish Flea - The Tijuana Brass Sound
    Little Fyodor- I Dont Know What To Do - Idiots Are Closer To God
    Miriam Garca Alicia Solans- Pintar El Sol Chancha Via Circuito Remix - Ro Arriba
    Aquaserge- Travelling - A Lamiti
    Andrew Bird Konono N1 Sobanza Mimanisa- OhnonoKiwembo - TradiMods Vs Rockers Alternative Takes On Congotronics Vol 1 Bonus Track Version
    Neu Abdominaux Dangereux- Akawana The Godfather - Dangereuxorcisms
    Real Fish- Junk - When The World Was Young
    The Bug- Mi Lost feat Miss Red - Angels Devils


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-10-24
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 08-15-2014 with DJ Segue        
    Playlist:

    Onra- Welcome To Vietnam - Chinoiseries
    Parva- MosemEGol The Time Of The Blossom - BMusic Drive In Turn On Freak Out
    Fuka Vicente- Tempura Soul - Payback presents GI Funk 14 Vietnam Wartime Funky Club Hits
    The Time Space Machine- amorous ways - Volume One LP
    JPeriod Nneka- Human Rights Interlude - The Madness OnyeAla
    Oh No- The Calling - Oh No Vs NowAgain 2
    JPeriod Nneka- For the Good of Humanity Interlude - The Madness OnyeAla
    J Dilla- 30 J Dilla Jay Dee Last Donut Of The Night -
    Notorious BIG Frank Sinatra- Interlude - Bed Stuy Meets Blue Eyes
    Tafo feat Nahid Akhtar- Karye Pyar - The Sound Of Wonder
    wait what- a thing we have been denied for far too long interlude - this is real life
    DJ Sun- InterludeMagical - One Hundred
    KDefLord Tariq- In This Cold World Interlude - Most Underrated
    Gil ScottHeron And Jamie XX- Jazz Interlude - Were New Here
    Horace Silver- Old Mother Nature Calls - Total Response The United States Of Mind Phase 2
    Flower Travellin Band- Satori Part 2 - Satori
    Dbruit Alsarah- Alhalim - Aljawal
    Spark Master Tape- Spark Master Tape 420 Interlude Produced by Paper Platoon - Syrup Splash
    Ersen- Cakmagicak - VA Turkish Freakout Psych Folk Singles 196980
    The Scammers- Sallys Walk Scammers - Carry On Kinky Beats
    H Rap Brown and Leon Thomas- Leon Thomas Damn Nam I Aint Going to Viet Nam - SNCCs Rap
    H Rap Brown and Leon Thomas- Leon ThomasH Rap Brown Um Um UmPart V - SNCCs Rap
    Public Enemy- Incident at 666 FM Instrumental - Fear of a Black Planet
    Cookin Soul x Gil Scott Heron- No Knock - The Revolution is being televised tribute
    Le Damn Dog- Watch Out - Paris DJs Virtual Release 41
    mr carmack- Fire No Payroll - Bang Vol 3
    Dirty Filthy Mud- Forest Of Black - The Psychedelic Experience Vol2
    GORK and Nick Holmes- a cartoons score adventure reunited backwards GoRk - FUN beattape album vol 002
    Jan Jankeje- South Indian Line - BMusic Drive In Turn On Freak Out
    The Gaslamp Killer- Lubos Fiser The Sermon FKR009 John Hill Europa FRK018 Jan Jankeje South Indian Line FKR020 - All Killer Finders Keepers Records 120
    Lee Quinones- Wild Style Film Dialogue Professor Booty - Check Your Head Sample Sources
    DJ Spooky- Reactive Switching Strategies for the Control of Uninhabited Air - Optometry
    Weedy of 40 Winks- Interlude - Retrospect Suite
    M Ashraf feat Nahid Akhtar- Good News For You - The Sound Of Wonder
    Melodians- The Good The Bad And The Ugly - BMusic Drive In Turn On Freak Out
    The Beatstalkers- Heard It Through The Grapevine - Pyramid Funk Dynamite Reggae
    Pyramid Blue- African Jungle - Dis Is Good For You Tropical Grooves and Afrofunk International
    William Onyeabor- Something You Will Never Forget - World Psychedelic Classics 5 Who Is William Onyeabor
    Robin Williams- Adrian Cronauer - Good Morning Vietnam
    Madlib- JB and JD Interlude - Beat Konducta Vol 56
    Pantless- Moondog Monologue Moondog - ADD Vol 1
    Black Merda- As Sisters and Brothers as VC L Veasey - The Psyche Funk of Black Merda
    The Saphires- This Is Soul - Payback presents GI Funk 14 Vietnam Wartime Funky Club Hits
    See How A White Negro Flies- 03 - Cloud Cuckoo Land
    The Time Space Machine- river theme - Volume One LP
    Desert Sessions- Like a Drug - The Desert Sessions Vol 6 Poetry for the MassesBlack Anvil Ego
    AllahLas- Catamaran - AllahLas
    - 21aswadnotguiltyvibez -
    Funkgus- Memphis Soul Stew - Payback presents GI Funk 14 Vietnam Wartime Funky Club Hits
    Charles Wright The Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band- Till You Get Enough - Ghostcapital III
    Nichts- 16 - Cloud Cuckoo Land
    Desmond Dekker- 20 Warlock -
    Flower Travellin Band- Satori Part 5 - Satori
    African Head Charge- treatment for a septic horn - Vision of a Psychedelic Africa
    Oscar Brown Jr- But I Was Cool - Beat Generation Music Poetry
    - 06 Elephantasy Incomplete -
    Dan The Automator- Cartoon Capers - A Much Better Tomorrow
    Al Quetz- Beat Communication Introduction - Drums Come From Africa
    Full Crate- Never Never - HiHat Club Vol 5 Eggs And Pancakes
    - 10 over night low the witch doctor -
    Fat Albert Einstein Kabanjak- Rail To Rail Ancient Astronauts Remix - Rail To Rail Ancient Astronauts Remix
    The Beatstalkers- The Tide Is High - Pyramid Funk Dynamite Reggae
    Lee Scratch Perry- kiss me neck -
    J Dilla- 20 J Dilla Jay Dee Geek Down -
    Goony Swillz- Interlude - Free The Beats Vol2
    Purple Penguin- Western Interlude - Question
    African Head Charge- mr whippy does djibouti - Vision of a Psychedelic Africa
    - 06 POETRY AND ALL THAT JAZZ -


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-08-15
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 06-18-2014 with Stephen Whitehead        
    Playlist:

    Animal Collective- Summertime Clothes - Merriweather Post Pavilion
    Eccodek- Village In Me feat Jah Youssouf - Singing In Tongues
    Motopony- June - Motopony
    Joni Mitchell- Coyote Live - Shadows And Light Live
    Negativland- 02 - Negativland
    Caribou- Bees - The Milk Of Human Kindness
    - voicebreak -
    Jolie Holland- On And On - Wine Dark Sea
    Jayme Stone Mansa Sissoko- June Apple - Africa To Appalachia
    The Railsplitters- Longs Peak - The Railsplitters
    - Making Time - I Saved Latin A Tribute To Wes Anderson
    Ibibio Sound Machine- Im Running - Ibibio Sound Machine
    Wilco- Casino Queen - AM
    Prince Fatty- The Fat Panther - Survival Of The Fattest
    - voicebreak -
    Holly Golightly The Brokeoffs- The Rest Of Your Life - No Help Coming
    Angel Olsen- HiFive - Burn Your Fire For No Witness
    Stereolab- Tomorrow Is Already Here - Emperor Tomato Ketchup
    Vietnam- Summer In The City - Vietnam
    TuneYards- Hey Life - Nikki Nack
    Balval- Tear It Down - Ten Hand Band
    Herzog- Bicycle Girl - Boys
    - voicebreak -
    The Rural Alberta Advantage- In The Summertime - Hometowns
    Damon Albarn- Parakeet - Everyday Robots
    Lyla Foy- Impossible - Mirrors The Sky
    - Everythings Got Em - This Is The Town A Tribute To Nilsson Vol 1
    Juana Molina- Wed 21 - Wed 21
    Hot Tuna- Candy Man - First Pull Up Then Pull Down
    Solids- Terminal - Blame Confusion
    - voicebreak -
    Elbow- Fly Boy Blue Lunette - The Take Off And Landing Of Everything
    Sylvan Esso- Could I Be - Sylvan Esso
    - Shine For You - Putumayo Presents Native America
    Grasscut- Cut Grass - Unearth
    Nathaniel Rateliff- Dont Get Too Close - Falling Faster Than You Can Run
    The Yawpers- Worthless - Savage Blue
    - voicebreak -
    Mr Scruff- Stereo Breath feat Denis Jones - Friendly Bacteria
    Nels Cline Singers- The Wedding Band - Macroscope
    Bry Webb- Someplace Im Supposed To Be - Free Will
    - voicebreak -


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2014-06-18
              How to Change the World – An Interview with Ben Randall of ‘The Human, Earth Project’        

    The Human, Earth Project

    Can one person make a meaningful difference in the world?  Ben Randall is an inspiring example of what’s possible in this time of great abundance. I first met Ben in Thailand last winter. He told me his story of how he saved some money and then quit his job to travel to SE Asia to search for a kidnapped friend and raise awareness for the tragedy of human trafficking.  Since that time, Ben and his cameraman Moreno Paulon have successfully crowdfunded $12,000 to complete production of a feature-length documentary film and managed to locate and meet the kidnapped girl (now an adult) in China. It’s easy to get caught up in the stress and busyness of our modern lifestyles, but  relative to the billions suffering in abject poverty around the world, are you doing the best you can do? Ben Randall definitely is.

    Enjoy the interview.

    What is ‘The Human, Earth Project’?

    ‘The Human, Earth Project’ has been a long, strange process of evolution towards the goal of finding and helping my friend M, who was kidnapped from Vietnam and sold as an unwilling teenaged bride in China.

    It has involved a nine-month, 37,000-kilometre journey to find 100 people I …


              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-25-2013 with Dave Blackwood        
    Playlist:

    Joe Satriani- Heavy Metal Christmas excerpt - Heavy Metal Christmas
    The Larks- All I Want For Christmas - Christmas DooWop Collection Two
    Marvin Johnny- Its Christmas Time - Christmas Doo Wop Pop Vol 4
    The DelVetts- I Want A Boy For Christmas - Christmas Doo Wop Pop Vol 4
    - voicebreak -
    Roy Orbison- Pretty Paper - The Very Best Of Roy Orbison
    The Ventures- Snowflakes - Christmas With
    William S Burroughs- The Junkys Christmas - Spare Ass Annie And Other Tales
    Booker T The MGs- Blue Christmas - In The Christmas Spirit
    - voicebreak -
    Compilation- What Will Santa Clause Say When He Finds Everybody Swingin - Capitol Collectors Series Louis Prima
    Mark Andrews- Christmas Fantasy Pt1 - Pipe Organ 1920s
    Sgt Barry Sadler- I Wont Be Home This Christmas - I Wont Be Home This Christmas
    Private Charles Bowens The Gentlemen From Tigerland- Christmas In Vietnam - The Rojac Story The Best Of Rojac TaySter
    Derrick Roberts- There Wont Be Any Snow Christmas In The Jungle - Next Stop Is Viet Nam
    Becky Lamb- Little Beckys Christmas Wish - Little Beckys Christmas Wish
    Toni Wine- My Boyfriends Coming Home For Christmas - My Boyfriends Coming Home For Christmas
    Rev Oris May- Another Christmas Without My Son - Another Christmas Without My Son
    Soul Searchers- Christmas In Viet Nam - Christmas In Viet Nam
    Marvin Gaye- I Want To Come Home For Christmas - The Ultimate Motown Christmas Collection
    Johnny And Jon- Christmas In Viet Nam - Christmas In Viet Nam
    Loretta Lynn- Christmas Without Daddy - Christmas Without Daddy
    Kid Congo The Pink Monkey Birds- Kris Kringle Ju Ju - Dracula Boots
    James Brown- Santa Claus Go Straight To The Ghetto - James Browns Funky Christmas
    Electric Jungle- Funky Funky Christmas - Funky Funky Christmas
    Various Artists- Funk Machine Soul Santa - In The Christmas Groove
    Mark Anthony- Mamas Twistin With Santa Claus - Santas Vintage Xmas Holiday Playlist
    Jimmy Jules Nuclear Soul System- Xmas Done Got Funky - Santas Funk Soul Christmas Party
    - Santa Claus Is Black - Reggae Christmas From Studio One
    EekAMouse- ChristmasACome - Christmasacome
    MACKA B- Christmas Cancelled - Global Messenger
    Red Sovine- Billys Christmas Wish Original Gusto Recording - Christmas With Red Sovine Original Gusto Recordings
    Slade- Merry Xmas Everybody - Greatest Hits
    The Kinks- Father Christmas - Come Dancing With The Kinks The Best Of The Kinks 19771986 Remastered Remastered 2004
    Frank Sinatra- Have Yourself A Merry Little Christmas - Christmas Songs By Sinatra


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2013-12-25
              Panchito passed away        

    Panchito, otherwise known as Gary Francis Gray, died this week. Panchito was a vibrant, healthy soul who, though retired, still herded carts at the Westwood Target. He also spent hours walking through the neighborhood. During cold or rainy days he would stop by the café for a big mug of hot coffee and a maple bar. He spoke great Spanish and had recently taken up Vietnamese. He was only 62 years old.

    Gary did not like his middle name, Francis. One day he found himself working with a group of Latinos who told him that in Spanish, Francis was Pancho (as in PanchoVilla). Panchito, which is the diminutive of Pancho, is what Gary liked to be called. He liked the name so much that he took it upon himself to learn Spanish. Panchito spoke the language flawlessly and we enjoyed conversing with him in Spanish.

    Not one to be left behind by any immigrant group, Panchito had recently taken it upon himself to learn Vietnamese. In Spanish or Vietnamese, there was not a hint of an accent when he spoke. He saw what the immigrant community was doing for White Center and being of a broad mind understood that the area was being revitalized by immigrants. He welcomed the change.

    We have lost a tolerant and vibrant being in Panchito. Sadly, we have also lost a gentle soul. I grieve for my friend and for this community.


              Clifford Marvin Shanahan, 1942-1996        
    AdExpress/Iowegian - 15 November 1996
    ------------------------------------
      Clifford M[arvin] Shanahan, 54, of Jerome died Wednesday, Nov. 13, 1996, at St. Joseph's Mercy Hospital.
      He was born June 28, 1942, near Jerome, the son of David and Wilsonia (Fry) Shanahan. He married Pat McMurray Feb 5, 1966, in Marion. She survives.
      Also surviving are his two sons, David Shanahan and his wife, Sherry, of Seymour and Johnny Shanahan of Promise City; two brothers, Roger Shanahan of Plano, Texas, and Brad Shanahan of Cedar Rapids; and three grandchildren.
      He was preceded in death by his parents.
      He received his education in Centerville community schools and graduated in 1960. He served in the Army from 1966 to 1968 and in the National Guard from 1976 to 1995. He owned and operated his own roofing company, Shanahan Roofing, in Jerome.
      Funeral services will be held at 11 a.m. Saturday, Nov. 16, at the Schmidt-Duley Funeral Home in Centerville with the Rev. Donnel Logston officiating. Visitation will be from 1 to 8 p.m. today, Friday, with the family present from 6 to 8 p.m.
    Grave Marker in the Jerome Cemetery for
    Clifford Marvin Shanahan
    Row 7, Block 32, Lot 5 

              Banning schools may seek reimbursement from former trustee        
    Jan Spann has resigned her seat, but admits no wrongdoing, amid claims her comments about serving in Vietnam were not true
              Hướng dẫn cÆ¡ bản về cách farm trong Dota (phần 2)        
    III. Hiểu rõ Mechanics

    Bạn có bao giờ tự hỏi, creep được tạo ra ở đâu, bao giờ lính xe được tạo hay vì sao số lượng creep tăng lên theo thời gian chưa ? Nếu bạn không biết điều đó, phần này được dành cho bạn.

    1. Spawn creep

    Mỗi 30 giây, một đợt creep sẽ spawn, xe sẽ spawn mỗi đợt thứ 7.

    Lúc đầu, một đợt creeps bao gồm

    3 meele creeps
    1 range creep
    1 xe ( mỗi đợt thứ 7 )

    sau 999, 1999, 2999 giây từ đợt creep đầu tiên, một meele creep sẽ được tạo thêm
    sau 2699 giây từ đợt đầu tiên, một range creep sẽ spawn

    Deny creep cho exp trong khoảng 1000 AOE, exp tùy thuộc vào hero range hay melee

    Nếu là hero range, nhận được 18/ số hero trong AOE
    Nếu là hero melee, nhận được 36/ số hero trong AOE

    Khi nhà creep bị phá, creep trên lane đó sẽ spawn ra mega creep thay vì normal creep. Khi tất cả nhà creep bị phá, creep sẽ lên level 30.

    Tất cả creep được nâng cấp lv mỗi 7 phút 30 giây từ đợt spawn đầu tiên. mỗi lv tằng 19 máu và 2 dame. Max lv là 30.



    2. Thời gian creep đến trụ

    Phần này dành cho những người có trình độ cao hơn, nếu muốn, bạn có thể bỏ qua phần này


    Sentinel Long Lane


    Creep cần 26s và 56s để đến trụ ( Trụ 2 và 3)


    Sentinel Short lane


    creep cần 17s và 47 s để đến trụ


    Sentinel Mid lane


    Creep cần 16s và 46 s để đến trụ


    Scrourge Long Lane


    Creep cần 23s và 53s để đến trụ


    Scourge Short Lane


    Creep cần 16s và 46s để đến trụ


    Scourge Mid lane


    Creep cần 15s và 45s để đến trụ

    3. Atack, Armor và bounty

    Bảng sát thương từng loại gây ra với từng loại Amor.

    -------- Light Medium Heavy Fortified Hero Unarmored
    Chaos 100% 100% 100% 40% 100% 100%
    Hero 100% 100% 100% 50% 100% 100%
    Normal 100% 150% 125% 70% 75% 100%
    Pierce 200% 75% 75% 35% 50% 150%
    Siege 100% 50% 125% 150% 75% 100%
    Spells 100% 100% 100% 100% 75% 100%

    Đây là Amor và Atack Type của từng creeps:


    Druid of the Talon/Necromancer
    attack type: piercing (21-26)
    armor type: unarmored (0)
    hp: 300
    bounty: 43-53

    Treant/Ghoul
    attack type: normal (19-23)
    armor type: unarmored (2)
    hp: 550
    bounty: 38-38

    Glaive Thrower/Meat Wagon
    attack type: siege (35-46)
    armor type: fortified (0)
    hp: 500
    bounty: 66-80

    Ancient Protector/Spirit Tower
    attack type: siege (100-120)
    armor type: fortified (18)
    hp: 1300
    bounty: 452-470

    Vì sao bạn cần biết điều này ? Khi last hit bạn cần phải biết bao nhiêu sát thương unit này gây ra đối với unit khác. Nếu bạn không thích bảng, tôi có thể đưa ra những lưu ý nhỏ:
    Hero gây 100% dame cho các unit khác ngoài trụ
    Range creep gây 150% cho melee creep và 35% cho trụ
    Siege gây 150% dame cho trụ và 50% cho creep
    Melee creep gây 100% dame cho tất cả creep và 75% cho trụ

    Nắm rõ được những điều trên, bạn có thể biết cách giữ những chú creep nào để có thể push trụ nhanh hơn hay quét quái địch nhanh hơn.

    dotavietnam.info-garena

              Những heroes có bộ skill liên quan chặt chẽ (Phần 5)        
    Sau hơn một tháng chưa xuất hiện thì phần 5 của series này sẽ tiếp tục được đưa đến với độc giả để các game thủ của chúng ta có thể nhìn nhận rõ nét hơn về các heroes trong DotA.

    1. Destroyer

    Đây là heroes có bộ skill khá logic. Với bộ skill gây damage hầu hết đều liên quan đến mana và Int, Destroyer có khả năng tăng cả 2 chỉ số đấy nhờ Astral Imprisonment và Essence Aura. Ngoài ra, Aura của Destroyer còn hỗ trợ khá tốt cho skill phải spam nhiều như Arcane Orb hay Astral khiến Destroyer hiếm khi bị thiếu hụt Mana.


    2. Dark Seer

    Darkseer cũng là một heroes Int có bộ skill khá hay. Với Ion Sheel và Surge, Darkseer có thể dễ dàng phối hợp 2 skill đó lại với nhau để hạ sát kẻ địch mà khiến chúng khó có cơ hội chạy thoát. Vacuum không chỉ giúp cho Darkseer gom team địch lại và khiến Ion Sheel gây sát thương nhiều hơn mà còn khiến kẻ địch bị đi qua Wall of Replica để Ultimate này phát huy hiệu quả nhất.

    3. Anti-Mage

    Tuy là một Damage dealer nhưng AM cũng có một bộ skill cực thú vị. Với khả năng Mana Break, tuy rằng là vị tướng cận chiến nhưng AM đã được trang bị thêm khả năng Blink để có thể tiếp cận và dễ dàng đốt mana địch. Ultimate Mana Void dựa vào lượng mana đối phương đã mất ,thường do Break đốt mất. Ngoài ra, Speel Shield cũng tăng khả năng trâu bò của AM khi phải Blink vào cạnh các tướng địch.


    4. Oracle

    Hero mới này cũng có một bộ skill liên quan tới nhau 100%. Purifying Flames ngoài khả năng phối hợp với Fortune's End để gây sát thương lên đối phương còn có khả năng kết hợp với Fate's Edict và Ultimate để dễ dàng hồi máu cho mình hoặc đồng đội. Fate's Edict cũng phối hợp cực "Imba" với Ultimate để có thể khiến mình không bị mất máu dù cho trong lúc Ultimate đang duy trì bị tấn công nhiều đến mức nào đi chăng nữa.


    garena-dotavietnam.info


              Những điều cần làm để ''Gank'' hiệu quả trong DotA        
    Như chúng ta đã biết, thời điểm Early game và Mid game là rất quan trọng, nếu mội team có khởi đầu tốt thì sẽ chiến lĩnh được thế trận và thoải mái hơn trong việc lựa chọn cách đánh, ngược lại team khởi đầu không tốt sẽ buộc phải co cụm lại phòng thủ để chờ đợi cơ hội phản công. Đây cũng là giai đoạn tiền đề nắm lợi thể về Late game và giành chiến thắng. Và để làm được điều này, ''Gank'' là một công việc tất yếu. Nhưng làm thế nào để việc ''Gank'' trở nên hiệu quả, chúng ta hãy cùng tìm hiểu về điều này.

    I. Đừng bao giờ đi gank một mình nếu cảm thấy không đủ khả năng kết liễu đối thủ.

    Trong những trận đấu DotA, công việc gank khó lòng có thể phụ thuộc vào một nhân tố nào đó mà nó buộc phải cần có sá»± phối hợp nhịp nhàng giữa 2 hay nhiều Hero khác nhau bởi lẽ nếu đi một mình thì không những tá»· lệ thành công rất thấp mà nhiều khi còn bị giết ngược, từ kẻ đi săn hoàn toàn có thể biến thành con mồi trong chớp mắt. 





    Chỉ đi gank một mình nếu cảm thấy chắc chắn kết liễu được đối thủ

    II. Lựa chọn những hero có khả năng phối hợp tốt với nhau.

    Công việc lựa chọn hero khi đi gank là rất quan trọng, những hero có khả năng phối hợp tốt với nhau sẽ giúp cuộc gank trở nên dễ dàng hơn. Vì vậy, bạn cũng nên lựa chọn kĩ để dễ dàng nắm giữ lợi thế trước đối thủ.


    III. Luôn có Wards và Smoke.

    Đây là 2 món đồ rất quan trọng trong việc gank, sử dụng Wards và Smoke hợp lý sẽ giúp bạn có lợi thế rất lớn trước đối thủ khi biết được vị trí, số lượng và tạo ra bất ngờ trong mỗi cuộc gank.


    IV. Một số kĩ năng khi đi gank.

    1. Đánh lén

    Đây là cách gank cơ bản nhất. Đó là lúc bạn nấp trong sương mù (fog) và xuất hiện đằng sau đối thủ khi chúng đang farm. Cách gank này sẽ hiệu quả khi bạn có khả năng căn thời gian sử dụng skill chính xác và tôi khuyên bạn nên có đồng đội đi kèm vì hầu hết những cuộc gank đơn lẻ thường không đảm bảo được nó sẽ kết thúc bằng 250 vàng.



    2. Sử dụng một hero làm ''mồi nhử''

    Đây là cách đánh vào lòng tham của đối phương. Để những hero còn ít máu lên nhử mồi sẽ khiến họ nổi lòng tham và để lộ sơ hở, chính lúc này công việc của bạn là tung skill và kết liễu đối thủ.



    3. Chặn đường về của địch

    Thông thường, khi nhận thấy dấu hiệu bị gank đối thủ sẽ về sau tower hoặc về thẳng nhà. Đây là cách gank theo kiểu chặn đường rút của địch rồi stun/slow chúng tới chết. Bạn có thể lấy một ví dụ như sau: Sử dụng một hero lên tấn công và rút máu đối thủ, các hero khác sẽ đứng chặn trước đường về của địch và tung skill kết liễu.


    V. Lời kết

    Gank là một công việc thiết yếu trong DotA, sức ép mà chúng tạo ra khi đi gank là khá lớn và vô cùng quan trọng, nó ảnh hưởng trực tiếp đến cục diện trận đấu sau này. Hi vọng qua bài viết này, các bạn sẽ có những cái nhìn mới và kinh nghiệm hữu ích khi đi gank.

    dotavietnam.info-garena

              Cách sá»­ dụng item hiệu quả trong DotA (Phần 3)        
    Trong DotA, có hàng trăm item mà bạn có thể chọn cho 1 trận đấu. Nhưng sử dụng các item ấy thế nào sao cho phát huy được hết công dụng và sức mạnh lại không hề đơn giản. Chúng ta hãy cùng tìm hiểu về cách sử dụng item sao cho hiệu quả nhất qua phần 3 của bài viết này.

    1. Dùng  Wards để check Roshan

    NhÆ° chúng ta đã biết, Wards không thể cắm được ở trong vị trí của Roshan. NhÆ°ng điều này thá»±c chất là hủy  Wards ngay lập tức và trả lại ward cho người cắm. Vì thế, trong những trường hợp cần “check” xem đối thủ có ăn Roshan không, bạn chỉ việc mang theo Wards, đứng ở vị trí an toàn và “cắm” ward xuống, lúc này bạn sẽ có sight ngay lúc cắm, tuy thời gian là rất ít nhÆ°ng cÅ©ng đủ để nhận biết đối phÆ°Æ¡ng có đang ''ăn'' Roshan hay không.


    2. Sử dụng kết hợp Eye of Skadi và Desolator

    Eye of Skadi là 1 item khá đặc biệt khi có cả 2 khả năng, trong tay Ranger Hero thì nó là Buff Placer còn trong tay Melee Hero thì nó là Orb Effect. Lợi dụng điều này ta có thể lên item để kết hợp nhiều “hiệu ứng” khác nhau lên đối thủ. Và Desolator là một ví dụ : Nếu bạn là Melee Hero thì Eye of Skadi sẽ là Orb Effect tuy nhiên có thể dùng kết hợp được item này với Desolator bằng trick nho nhỏ sau. Đầu tiên bạn để Deso ở ô Numpad 7 (bên trái, trên cùng) để đánh cú đầu tiên, vì Desolator sẽ có tác dụng trong 15 giây, do vậy bạn hãy nhanh tay để Eye of Skadi lên vị trí này và bạn sẽ vừa slow vừa có effect trừ giáp, quả thật là rất hữu dụng.

    Tương tự nếu bạn là Ranger Hero, bạn có thể lên MoM, Helm of Dominator hay Maelstrom cùng với Eye of Skadi một cách bình thường và sẽ có tất cả hiệu ứng, duy chỉ có Desolator là không kết hợp được vì mất hẳn khả năng slow.


    3. Kết hợp Black King Bar và Ethereal Blade để được bất tử trong 4 giây.

    Sử dụng kết hợp 2 item Black King Bar và Ethereal Blade để có được “bất tử” trong 4 giây. Bởi lẽ trong trạng thái Ethereal thì bạn chỉ có thể bị ảnh hưởng bởi skill, tuy nhiên sử dụng kèm thêm BKB sẽ giúp bạn tránh được tất cả điều đó.


    4. Sử dụng Armlet hiệu quả
    Armlet là một item khá hữu dụng và được ưa chuộng trong DotA. Khi sử dụng linh hoạt item này còn giúp bạn có thể thoát chết ngoạn mục hoặc kill ngược hero địch, tạo nên vô số pha ''hight light''. Khi active item này sẽ cho thêm 25 Str (tương đương với 475 HP) ngay lập tức, và thời gian giữa 2 lần tắt/bật chỉ còn 2 giây. Do đó trong những tình huống trốn chạy, bạn còn rất ít máu, hero địch sẽ tấn công bạn bằng đòn vật lý hoặc skill tuy nhiên sẽ có khoảng thời gian nhỏ giữa 2 lần ra đòn, vì vậy bạn cần canh active đúng lúc bị nhận damage và tắt ngay sau đó. Mỗi lần bật bạn sẽ đều nhận được thêm 475 máu (tuy sẽ bị trừ dần do hiệu ứng của item này ), đây là số máu quá đủ để chịu được 1, 2 skill từ phía đối phương. Nếu bạn có kinh nghiệm thì trong một vài tình huống còn có thể kill ngược lại đối thủ một cách ngoạn mục.



    dotavietnam.info-garena

              FILMES        
    Bem, como não tenho conseguido postar mais vídeos do You Tube devido aos códigos de imcorporação estarem desativados, vou postar mais um filme aqui, visto que um dos que estavam aqui o link expirou por isso foi retirado, e caso não consiga mais postar os vídeos do You Tube, vou tentar outro provedor, ou então vou atualizando as postagens já feitas com mais informações, fotos, etc.

    É importante dizer mais uma vez que não apoio de forma alguma o nazismo, fascismo, racismo e nenhum tipo de política, creio que já temos muita porcaria no país para ficar usando espaços underground em prol dessa palhaçada.

    É bom também para alguns ‘’radicais’’ verem a realidade nua e crua.
    Já prestaram atenção nesses filmes de Nazi-Skins? Eles sempre se dão mal no fim, e a vida é assim, plantou, vai colher, olho por olho, dente por dente, isso é bíblico.

    Segue então sem mais delongas os filmes, eu não armazeno nada, apenas encontro os links na net e os colocarei aqui, ok? É sempre bom ter os originais, apesar de o valor ser meio salgado às vezes no Brasil.

    Também não vou copiar comentários de especialistas em cinema, farei com minhas próprias e breves palavras uma descrição dos filmes, ok?

    AMERICAN HISTORY X



    Filme dublado, sem legendas.

    Esse filme tem uma história bem atormentadora Edward Norton o protagonista representa o papel de Derek um jovem que perde o pai vítima de tiros em um bairro de maioria negra, então ele se revolta com a questão dos imigrantes nos EUA e após isso é acolhido por um sujeito que fazia propaganda nazista. Por ser um cara revoltado e eloquente, logo suas idéias são aceitas por um grupo de skins locais e ele se torna líder da gangue, seu irmão Edward Furlong, vê em seu irmão mais velho um exemplo a ser seguido e também faz parte da gangue. As coisas se complicam quando após uma tentativa de assalto em sua casa Derek mata os dois assaltantes e vai para a cadeia, onde logo se enturma com os nazis, mas começa a perceber que a realidade é bem diferente do ele pensava...

    Segue o link, copie e cole em sua barra de endereços:

    http://www.megaupload.com/?d=14ERM0WB

    Esse é sem dúvidas o filme mais agressivo de todos os tempos em termos de gangues de rua desde o cultuado A Clockwork Orange (Laranja Mecânica) de 1971.

    ROMPER STOMPER



    Filme em inglês, legendas em português (BR).

    O filme é protagonizado por Russel Crowe, que depois se consagrou no épico ‘’Gladiador’’. A história toda se desenvolve na Austrália, Hando é o líder de um grupo de nazi-skins na cidade de Melbourne, onde é forte a imigração asiática, principalmente vietnamitas e os caras se sentem ofendidos quando os asiáticos invadem ‘’sua área’’, entre outras coisas comprando um bar que era freqüentado pelos ‘’skins’’, daí pra lá a porrada rola solta... Não vou contar o filme, então baixem e curtam aí.



    Segue o link, copie e cole em sua barra de endereços.

    http://www.megaupload.com/?d=60LJB9Q2


              How to Listen        
    Major Jackson


    I am going to cock my head tonight like a dog
    in front of McGlinchy's Tavern on Locust;
    I am going to stand beside the man who works all day combing
    his thatch of gray hair corkscrewed in every direction.
    I am going to pay attention to our lives
    unraveling between the forks of his fine-tooth comb.
    For once, we won't talk about the end of the world
    or Vietnam or his exquisite paper shoes.
    For once, I am going to ignore the profanity and
    the dancing and the jukebox so I can hear his head crackle
    beneath the sky's stretch of faint stars.

    from Leaving Saturn, 2002
    The University of Georgia Press, Athens, GA
              Tanzanie : Viettel opérationnalise son réseau        

    Viettel, groupe télécom vietnamien de téléphonie mobile, vient officiellement d’ouvrir enseigne en Tanzanie, sous le nom Halotel. Il offre ainsi au marché tanzanien déjà assez dense, son huitième opérateur télécom, et son dixième FAI(Fournisseur d’accès internet). Halotel va devoir batailler rude contre Vodacom, Tigo, Airtel, TTCL, Zantel d’Etialat, Benson et Smart, offrira ses services sur […]

    Cet article Tanzanie : Viettel opérationnalise son réseau est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


              Pardon Sought For Prisoner Who Fought For Puerto Rican Independence         
    Celebrities, politicians and activists, ranging from Bernie Sanders to Hamilton creator Lin Manuel Miranda and Archbishop Desmond Tutu, are asking President Obama to grant clemency to a man who was part of a militant group that fought for Puerto Rican independence. Oscar López Rivera has been in federal prison since 1981, convicted for "seditious conspiracy" to overthrow the the government of the United States, in relation to his membership in the Fuerzas Armadas de Liberación Nacional, or FALN. Between 1974 and 1983, the FALN claimed responsibility for more than 70 bombings in New York, Chicago and Washington, D.C. The bombings caused millions in property damage, dozens of injuries and five deaths. López Rivera's supporters say he is a political prisoner serving an unjust sentence. His opponents say he is an unrepentant terrorist. Born in Puerto Rico, López Rivera moved to Chicago's Humboldt Park neighborhood as a teenager. He fought in Vietnam, where he earned the Bronze Star, but
              Can Venezuela Return From The Brink?        
    As tensions continue to mount between the government and opposition in Venezuela - is a negotiated peace even still possible? Also in the programme: the case of the teenager who sent text messages to her boyfriend encouraging him to commit suicide; and the Vietnamese oil executive who disappeared in Berlin amid kidnapping claims. (Photo: the entrance of the Caracas house of Venezuelan opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez who was arrested this week. Credit: Getty Images)
              Richard Skipper Celebrates JohnTrujillo and Three Sisters        
    John Trujillo

    “Progress always involves risks. You can’t steal second base and keep your foot on first.” – Frederick B. Wilcox

    Happy Tuesday April 4th, 2017!
    April 4 is the 94th day of the year. There are 271 days remaining until the end of the year.
    The day started out very rainy here in New York but the rain is subsiding. As I sit down to begin today's blog, I'm listening to Johnny Cash singing I Walk The Line in the background.
    It seems to be my lot today! I'm truly overwhelmed with so much! 
    Still dying to be at the opening night of Hello, Dolly! I have been putting that out to the universe since it was first announced. Don't
    Only the Universe knows if I will be at The Shubert Theater on April 20th!
    think I have a 'connection' with this musical, check out CallonDolly.com.

    A friend of mine has been bidding through Charity Buzz for opening night tickets. As of this writing, they are going for $10,000! She tells me, "it's not over till it's over", but I'm trying to protect myself from a huge disappointment. 
    On top of that, I spent an entire weekend for a photo (that doesn't exist) for an article that SOMEONE ELSE is writing on the subject! When does that stop in my life?

    I wear my emotions on my sleeve. What you see is what you get. I had a publicist tell me yesterday that some outlets won't pick up my press release with my name attached!
    Another Dolly! (Just for the fun of it!) Betty Grable
    It seems that I may have burned some bridges behind me. There are some who might question my putting this out there but if it is not addressed, it continues. My sole mission in life is to celebrate others. If I have hurt anyone, or offended anyone, or perhaps you just don't like me on my journey, I apologize. I am only trying to do the best I can. If I have made mistakes along the way, I'm sorry. As I move forward, I hope we can ALL celebrate each other and stop putting obstacles out there that are not needed. 

    Tonight, I celebrate Scott Barbarino at The Metropolitan Room in This Is Your Night. Tomorrow, I fly to LA to celebrate Jezebel as the kick off to the Turner Classic Movie Film Festival. On Saturday, I celebrate E. Y. (Yip) Harburg. But before all of that, today, I celebrate John Trujillo and his current production of The Three Sisters. Enjoy his journey!

    The cast of Three Sisters featuring John Trujillo at The Russian Arts Theater and Studio through Sunday.
    John grew up in Palo Alto, CA. Graduated 1992 from San Diego State with a BA History, MA in Political Science in 2002 from San Francisco State University. Started out performing stand-up in 2002. 
    Came to NYC in 2005. Taught political science at CUNY schools, mostly BMCC for 10 years. Studied improv at UCB and Magnet Theatre. Shifted focus to acting and singing in 2010. 

    Has performed 2 solo cabaret shows here in NY: "From NY to NY and Back Again," and The Ties that Bind." Performed Off-Broadway musicals Honestly Abe as Tom Lincoln, Yankee Peddler as Papa. Also George, and in Tchaikovsky as Rubenstein. played Scrooge in the 13th St Rep's production of A Christmas Carol and La Muse Venale's production of Guns, Shackles, and Winter Coats as the Vietnam Vet. Can currently be seen in the Russian Theater's production of Three Sisters, and in KBO Productions upcoming WWII musical Seven Day's Between Heaven and Hell.
     
    Three Sisters: Photo by Asya Danilova — with Reanna Armellino, Olga Ginzburg, Roman Freud, Michael Donaldson, Kseniya Vesenniya, Conor Martin Mulligan, John Trujillo, Jo Anne Ligon Sellers, Boris Brownstein, Ekaterina Golovina, David A. Russell, Maiia Gorohova and Ariel Polanco.
       

     
    Tell us about this this production of Three Sisters
    Why THIS project?

    Well, like many productions, it's just an opportunity I took...but there is a little backstory to it. A few years ago, I was cast in a production of  Three Sisters as Vershinin. It was with a relatively inexperienced director, though, who was probably in over his head with this production...
    We had rehearsed for three weeks, and I was falling in love with the character, Vershinin...Well, the production was cancelled three weeks into rehearsal...No money.

    Although, it was probably for the best...I could see how difficult the classic material of the great
    Russian playwright, Anton Chekhov was...and I don't think we would have done it justice...

    Well, last December, a director friend of mine, Aleksey Burago (whom I had studied with at HB Studio) mentioned he was doing the play this spring and needed a Vershinin, I jumped at the chance at redemption!...And I thought that this was the right man to handle this material (And, as it turns out, I couldn't have been more right!). Aleksey, a Russian native, is such a purist when it comes to theater - and especially Chekhov!...He was trained in Moscow Academy of Theater Arts (GITIS).

    Aleksey BuragoWith John Trujillo, Di Zhu, Michael Donaldson, David A. Russell, Ariel Polanco and Roman Freud.














    John auditioned for him and Di Zhu for the role of Vershinin...but alas, as he says, "fell just short".Aleksey liked his audition, but said he decided to go in another direction...Well, as we've all learned with theater, it's never over until it's over...John, like any classy actor, wished him good luck and said if anything changes let him know.

    Well, in late January, Di Zhu contacted John and said, someone dropped out, and he needed someone to play, Kulygin, another character in the play...It wasn't Vershinin, but John still just wanted to be a part of this wonderful play.

    And that's how John ended up in this show playing Kulygin...And he says that he is glad it turned out this way. He absolutely LOVES the actor they have playing Vershinin, Roman Freud. John says that he is amazing. According to John, he brings a combination of strength, vulnerability, and playfulness to the character that is so beautiful and John feels like Kulygin is just a better role for himself.

    And this production has exceeded even my lofty expectations...This play is not for inexperienced hands...Aleksey's direction and understanding of Chekhov has been so vital...It is such a beautiful production...I have actually seen people leaving the theater in tears...
    Three Sisters — with Jo Anne Ligon Sellers, Michael Donaldson, Toni Goldman, Di Zhu, John Trujillo, Reanna Armellino, Ekaterina Golovina and Ariel Polanco.
    Finish this sentence: I'm very bad at... Learning my lines...It's the least fun part of acting...but it's critical, obviously...I always wait until someone gives me a deadline before really committing to be off-book...Although, it's always so freeing once you really get your lines down and you can bring action and subtext to your words...and that's when you really start to meld with the character...
    With Michael Donaldson, Reanna Armellino, Roman Freud, Toni Goldman, Hazen Cuyler, John Trujillo, Aleksey Burago, James fordyce, Ekaterina Golovina, LuisaPuma Mua, David A. Russell and Jo Anne Ligon Sellers.

    If you could be any person for one day, who would you be and what would you do?

    I wish I could be one of the Beach Boys singing Don't Worry Baby on American Bandstand. I've watched that performance over and over again, and I always think how amazing that moment must have been. Art is about touching people's hearts and souls and I find that song - and so many of their songs - so moving, their incredible harmonies and the songs about young love inspired me and made me want to be a singer.

    I used The Warmth of the Sun in my first cabaret show, From New York to New York and Back Again. Having grown up in California, it always makes me nostalgic for my life there when I was young.


    If you had the opportunity to stand up for the NEA, what would you say?

    A world without great artists is a dull world...Even places like China and Russia use public dollars to nurture artists...even they understand the need for art...We need to do MORE to encourage the arts!


    What is it about the business that you think has changed for the better...and for the worst since you began in it? I think that the proliferation of social media and sites like YouTube and SoundCloud have given artists platforms to find their audiences
    better...and it nurtures and encourages more artists.
    Getting his NYPD on. On the set of an independent film, Accommodations,with his co-partner Officer Galagara.
    And while I love to see a great Broadway show where no expense is spared, I think the higher the costs rise to get a good show to stage, the more risky it becomes, and the less willing producers have been to take chances...

    There are still great stage shows that take lots of risks - Hamilton is the latest example, and of course, it's been a huge success...but too many shows are trying to overthink what they think audiences will want to see...I think we all like to see something new and different...and I applaud those risk takers.

    How important are the arts to you personally? 


    Art is my life now. It's amazing to me to think that I would have thought the last thing I would have been was an actor, singer, and an artist. I did act and sing when I was young, but I always just saw it as something to do while I was in school. Professional acting and singing was for other people.

    Are you making the kind of art that you envisioned you'd be making?

    No. I started out as a stand-up comedian and I haven't done stand-up in over 10 years, but that doesn't matter to me. The more I explore the arts, the more it takes me to places I would have never expected and you just have to take the opportunity where it comes and run with it.

    with Andrew Gruden
    How would you describe the arts scene where you grew up?

    I wouldn't say it was great...I grew up in Palo Alto, California...and we were lucky to attend what I would consider good public schools...but there was a nurturing of the arts...Classes were always putting on plays...singing in class...I was asked to join an All-City Choir of kids from all different schools in the district when I was in the 5th grade because I had earned a reputation as a good singer, I guess...and I never took it all that seriously, but we had a wonderful teacher...we sang 2-part harmonies...and I was always amazed at how good we sounded.

    Who was the most influential person on your work?

    So many of course...Singers: Cat Stevens, Frank Sinatra, The Beach Boys, Barry Manilow, Barbra Streisand...Actors: Matthew Broderick, Paul Newman, Jimmy Stewart...Comedians: Jerry Seinfeld, Tim Allen, Brian Regan, Ellen Degeneres..Directors: Frank Capra, Martin Scorsese, Woody Allen.

    Do you recall some great parties in real living rooms where people got up and sang and told stories?

    I don't remember much singing...but I grew up in a big family and extended family...and in my father's family people are less reserved...and we like to tell stories...
    Judith Ann Graham, Lauren Stanford, John Trujillo, Jessica Grové, Robin Dicker Westle, Cookie Stark, Sage Melcher and Andrew Gruden.

    Do you feel like you’re playing a party in somebody’s living room when you are on stage. 

    I can't say that. When I am on stage as an actor, I just try to live in the moment as if what were happening on stage was really happening. .I don't even think about the audience. I know they are there, but my character doesn't, so I try to live in my character's shoes..When I have done cabaret shows, I just try to be honest and real.

    What are you most proud of?

    I think I am most proud of the fact that I have learned to be a risk taker.. I was never one in high school or college. I was always playing it safe but I started to see that to succeed in significant ways you had to take risks and it was a great risk I took to come to New York City and I have struggled every step of the way but yet, I have persevered and am still pushing.

    What is the one song that resonates most with you?
    I was very moved by the song, No One is Alone by Sondheim from Into the Woods. I've never actually seen the show, but I didn't feel I needed to. The song is universal. I used it in my last cabaret show, The Ties that Bind. I sang it after talking about my oldest sister. There are five of us kids in  our family, but there is a bit of gap in ages between her and the rest of us who are all bunch in age. She said it sometimes made her feel alone..Whether people admit it, or not, the fear of being alone is in us all and sometimes we may feel it but yet.we are never alone but sometimes we need to be reminded.

    What has most surprised you about being in a stage production (cabaret show, singing, etc)? 

    I think it's wrong the stereotype of actors being vapid, not very smart. Actors arereally complicated and difficult, this line of work is.
    Understanding complex characters, plays, and songs requires a great deal of study and the people you work with are quite sharp and often well educated and navigating your way through this
    John and his musical performance teacher, Tony Award nominated actress, Lorraine Serabian
    world is so much more complicated than being a college professor ever was for me..
    Three Sisters has exceeded even my lofty expectations. This play is not for inexperienced hands. Aleksey's direction and understanding of Chekhov has been so vital. It is such a beautiful production. I have actually seen people leaving the theater in tears.


     Go This weekend to see John Trujillo and Three Sisters at The Russian Arts and Theater Studio.

    They don't have the cast quite right on that site, though...Here is the updated cast list:

    Andrey Sergeyevich Prozorov (Andrey).............David A. Russell
    Olga Sergeyevich (Oldest of the three sisters)..Toni Goldman
    Masha (Middle sister).........................................Di Zhu
    Irina (Youngest sister).........................................Reanna Armellino
    Natalya Ivavnova (Natasha)................................Ekaterina Golovina
    Fyodor Ilyich (Kulygin)........................................John Trujillo
    Alexander Ignatyevich (Vershinin).......................Roman Freud
    Baron Nicholai Lyvovich (Tuzenbach).................Ariel Polanco
    Vasily Vasilych (Solyoni)......................................Hazen Cuyler
    Ivan Romanich (Chebutykin)...............................Michael Donaldson
    Aleksey Petrovich (Fedotik)................................Boris Brownstein
    Ferapont.............................................................James Fordyce
    Anfisa.................................................................Jo Anne Sellers

    Director: Aleksey Burago
    ORDER TICKETS HERE
    The Balcony Theater
    West Park Presbyterian Church
    165 W86th Street
    New York, New York 10024

    Follow John on Twitter


    I also Recommend the following shows

    Craig Pomranz Reserve seats now - Craig @Cafe Noctambulo
    Friday - April 7th - 7:00 PM (dinner served from 6:00 PM)
    Friday - April 14th - 7:00 PM (dinner served from 6:00 PM)
    Cafe Noctambulo at Pangea
    "Tenor of the Times" * GQ Magazine * One of New York's most critically-acclaimed saloon singers"* New York Magazine * "The BEST male singer...his four-octave voice is alternately affecting, powerful, and nuanced; one of the finest instruments in the city.” * New York Post*
    Craig Pomranz: Winner- MAC Award New York’s “Best Male Vocalist 2012”
    is back from London and Los Angeles with his NEW show!

    OPEN MIC @ THE MET
    Sunday,April 9
    12:00 noon - 2:30 pm
    Doors open at 11:30 am
    TEX ARNOLD on Piano
    FEATURED SINGERS
    To Be Announced
    METROPOLITAN ROOM
    34 West 22 Street, NYC
    $15 Cover (CASH) & $10 Minimum
    To be guaranteed a number to sing, simply make a phone reservation and arrive at the club by 11:50 am
    Call for reservations any day after 1:00 pm
     212 206 - 0440.

    Joshua Lance Dixon pays tribute to the infamous Rat Pack with his new show, PACK OF ONE. From the Hollywood beginnings to the swingin' lounges of Atlantic City and Las Vegas, The Rat Pack dominated show business for over 3 decades.
    Back in the days when Vegas was dangerous and everybody smoked and drank, the Rat Pack ruled. The songs performed by Sammy, Frank and Dean, (no last names necessary) are some of the most beloved to come out of The Great American Songbook. Bistro Award winning vocalist, Dixon, breathes new life into classic hits from Fly Me to the Moon, and Luck Be a Lady, to Mister Bojangles and Everybody Loves Somebody, while capturing the white dinner jacket sophistication of a bygone era. With Direction by Lennie Watts and Musical Direction by Steven Ray Watkins, PACK OF ONE shows why Dixon took the top prize in Mama's Next BIG Act, 2016.

    Praise for PACK OF ONE:
    "Joshua lance Dixon has presence, charm, movie star looks, a glorious voice and lots of talent"

    "Dixon has scored a winner."

    "The singer who has great belt, has the sense to know when to use it....to get the most out of a lyric."

    "Dixon is capable of great depth in communicating the story of a song."
            -Marilyn Lester from Cabaret Scenes Magazine
     Saturday, April 15th at 7:00 PM
    Don't Tell Mama
    343 West 46th Street
    212-757-0788 or www.donttellmamanyc.com for reservations
    $20 Cover ($15 for MAC members) plus 2 Drink Minimum (CASH ONLY)

    Paul and Rochelle at the Movies - just 2 weeks away! April 17th at 7pm.
    Paul and Rochelle Chamlin's new show is coming up soon so please reserve now if you plan to attend.
    Reserving on The Metropolitan Room website is the preferred way -  there is a $5 discount when reserving online using the code "friends." Reserve HERE
    or call 212-206-0440
    $20 Cover/$25 food and beverage minimum.

    Paul has mined his considerable sheet music "stash" and come up with some terrific songs from movies both familiar (Meet Me in St. Louis, Royal Wedding) and obscure (A Date With Judy, Agatha). The show is directed by the legendary Marilyn Maye, with Tom Hubbard on bass and Daniel Glass on percussion.
    Visit www.thechamlins.com for videos, reviews, and more.

    Save The Date: Frank Frizalone will be performing his Songs of Sinatra show at The Met RoomNYC
    June 28th 7:PM Reservations required. Limited seating.

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!


    Maureen Kelley Stewart had her own successful show celebrating EY Harburg
    Words make you think. Music makes you feel. A song makes you feel a thought.” â€” E. Y. “Yip” Harburg

    Let's Celebrate: Richard Skipper Celebrates E.Y. (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY! April 8th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. 

    Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates...EY (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY!

    Richard will be joined by Karen Oberlin, Leslie Orofino, Maureen Kelley Stewart AND...A MYSTERY GUEST

    All under the musical Direction of Daryl Kojak with Rex Benincasa on percussion and Jeff Carney on bass. This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please ReserveToday

    Nobody celebrates legends like Richard Skipper.
    The interior of the Laurie Beechman Theatre
    If one of your faves is being feted, there's nowhere on earth more fun to be. 

    And honestly even if you don't care about the honoree, master showman Richard and his talented crew serve up a fabulously good time. -Ben Rimalower

    $30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person

    You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!

    https://web.ovationtix.com/trs/pe.c/10155315

     

    Sit Back! A New News Cycle Is About to Begin!


    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs , 
     





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    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!
     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com











              Burundi: Viettel bat le record d’1 million d’abonnés en 4 mois        

    La filiale Burundaise du groupe télécom vietnamien Viettel Lumitel a anoncé   avoir déjà atteint un million d’abonnés en quatre mois d’opération en seulement 4 mois d’opération dans le pays. Alors que le pays a un taux de pénétration de 31%,  l’opérateur compte renverser les tendances en donnant l’opportunité à toute la population d’accéder aux télécoms […]

    Cet article Burundi: Viettel bat le record d’1 million d’abonnés en 4 mois est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


              Punca-punca dan kesan-kesan gejala rasuah.        

    Sejarah rasuah bermula sejak awal kehidupan manusia bermasyarakat lagi, iaitu pada tahap organisasi kemasyarakatan yang rumit mulai wujud.  Gejala rasuah telah membelenggu manusia sejak beribu tahun lamanya.  Kegiatan rasuah yang berlaku adalah berbeza-beza pada waktu dan tempat yang berlainan. Terdapat banyak catatan kuno yang menceritakan tentang gejala rasuah yang telah berlaku dimasa lalu contohnya mengenai masalah penyuapan terhadap para hakim dan tingkah laku para pegawai pemerintah.  Kegiatan rasuah ini terus menular dan berlaku sehingga kini dan telah meninggalkan pelbagai kesan yang negatif kepada sesebuah negara.  Misalnya Empayar Rom, Empayar Uthmaniah, Dinasti Ming dan sebagainya yang tidak terurus pentadbirannya sehingga menyebabkan tentera dan kakitangan awamnya terpaksa mengamalkan rasuah sehingga akhirnya meruntuhkan  pemerintahan negara tersebut.
                Mengikut sejarah, kegiatan rasuah di negara ini berlaku sejak zaman kesultanan Melaka lagi.  Kejatuhan kesultanan Melaka di tangan orang-orang Portugis dikatakan ekoran dari sogokan wang dan hadiah oleh tentera-tentera Portugis kepada pegawai-pegawai tertentu yang bertugas di Istana Sultan Melaka.  Kegiatan rasuah ini terus wujud sehingga pemerintahan orang-orang British di Tanah Melayu dan dibuktikan bilamana pentadbiran British ketika itu telah menguatkuasakan undang-undang rasuah dalam tahun 1871 di mana perbuatan menerima hadiah yang boleh disifatkan sebagainya sebagai rasuah telah dikanunkan sebagai satu kesalahan undang-undang iaitu dalam kanun kesiksaan, 1871.  Kemudian budaya rasuah ini terus menular dan berlaku di Malaysia seperti tiada jalan penyelesaiannya.
                Perkataan rasuah berasal daripada perkataan Arab “al-risywah”.  Dalam Al-Quran, perkataan rasuah digolongkan dalam kata umum batil iaitu meliputi juga perbuatan jenayah lain seperti merompak, memeras ugut, dan menipu. Terdapat banyak definisi rasuah yang telah diutarakan oleh para sarjana.  Namun setelah diteliti, hampir setiap definisi tersebut mempunyai dua unsur iaitu penyalahgunaan kekuasaan yang melampaui batas kewajaran hukum oleh para pejabat atau apatur negara dan mengutamakan kepentingan peribadi atau klien diatas kepentingan publik oleh para pejabat atau apatur negara yang bersangkutan.
                Menurut Syed Hussein Alatas (1995) inti rasuah adalah penyalahgunaan kepercayaan  untuk kepentingan peribadi.  Beliau telah menyenaraikan ciri-ciri rasuah yang telah diringkaskan seperti suatu pengkhianatan terhadap kepercayaan, penipuan terhadap badan pemerintah, lembaga swasta atau masyarakat umumnya, dengan sengaja melalaikan kepentingan umum untuk kepentingan khusus, dilakukan dengan rahsia, kecuali dalam keadaan di mana orang-orang yang berkuasa atau bawahannya menganggapnya tidak perlu, melibatkan lebih dari satu orang atau pihak, adanya kewajipan dan keuntungan bersama, dalam bentuk wang atau yang lain, terpusatnya kegiatan (rasuah) pada mereka yang mengkehendaki keputusan yang pasti dan mereka yang dapat mempengaruhinya, adanya usaha untuk menutup perbuatan rasuah dalam bentuk-bentuk pengesahan hukum dan menunjukkan fungsi ganda yang kontradiktif pada mereka yang melakukan rasuah.[1]
                Dari jenis taipologi, rasuah dapat dibahagikan kepada tujuh jenis iaitu rasuah transtaktif, rasuah yang memeras, rasuah invesif, rasuah perkerabatan, rasuah defensive, rasuah autogenic, dan rasuah dukungan.  Jenis-jenis rasuah ini dikategorikan mengikut kelakuan rasuah tersebut.



    PUNCA-PUNCA BERLAKUNYA GEJALA RASUAH
    Rasuah yang telah melanda segenap sistem yang ada pada waktu lepas adalah berpunca daripada Perang Dunia Kedua.  Hal ini telah dibuktikan dengan Laporan Jawatankuasa Santhanam seperti di India, menurut jawatankuasa tersebut peperangan yang berlaku dengan begitu meluas telah memberi peluang untuk gejala rasuah berlaku.  Manakala di Tanah Melayu pendudukan Jepun telah menyebabkan timbulnya rasuah yang membengkak secara mendadak.  Kelangkaan barang dan bahan makanan, inflasi yang menggila, dan lemahnya pengawasan pemerintah telah menjadikan rasuah sebagai senjata yang ampuh untuk menutup kurangnya pendapatan.  Disini jelas menujukkan bahawa situasi perang melahirkan banyak masalah rasuah.[1]
    Selain itu, faktor lain yang menyumbang terus berlangsungnya rasuah adalah pemerintahan kolonial.  Rasuah tidak hanya ada dalam pemerintahan kolonial tetapi juga terus berkembang sebagai satu pengaruh yang tidak langsung yang menghasut kaum nasionalis untuk melawan pemerintah.  Sebagai contoh, di India, semasa penjajahan Inggeris, perbuatan menipu pemerintah umumnya dianggap sebagai perbuatan yang patriotik.  Begitu juga dengan perbuatan mencuri bola lampu  serta perlengkapan lain dalam gerabak kereta api, melindungi para pelanggar undang-undang dari tangkapan polis, penghindaran cukai, dan lain-lain yang dianggap sebagai perbuatan yang bertujuan agar pemerintah kolonial tidak merampas wang rakyat India.   Namun setelah kemerdekaan pada tahun 1947, kebiasaan bersikap tidak jujur terhadap pemerintah terus berlanjut begitu juga dengan gejala rasuah.
    Punca rasuah seterusnya ialah keadaan perang yang disusuli dengan penyerahan kuasa kepada kelompok baru yang memerintah secara tiba-tiba telah mewujudkan banyak peluang rasuah yang sebelumnya tidak ada.  Watak para pemimpin yang menentukan kepada situasi seperti ini.  Jika mereka melakukan rasuah atau membiarkan berlakunya rasuah, maka anasir-anasir rasuah akan mengukuhkan kedudukan mereka.  Di negara-negara Asia yang baru sahaja merdeka, para pemimpinnya telah mengamalkan rasuah atau membiarkan terjadinya rasuah contohnya di India, Nehru seringkali dipersalahkan kerana sikapnya yang membiarkan rasuah terjadi seperti kes rasuah yang menyangkut teman baiknya, Krishna Menon yang melakukan banyak pelanggaran dalam kes yang disebut sebagai skandal jeep ketika dia menjawat jawatan sebagai Pesuruhjaya Tinggi India di London.[2] 
     Punca berlakunya rasuah juga ialah daripada bertumbuhnya jumlah pegawai negeri dengan cepat, dengan akibat gaji mereka menjadi sangat kurang atau sedikit.  Keadaan ini seterusnya menuntut mereka untuk mendapatkan pendapatan tambahan menampung keperluan hidup.  Keadaan semakin bertambah runcing apabila pengarah melakukan rasuah semasa perang, bertambahnya jumlah pegawai awam dengan cepat, bertambah luasnya kekuasaan dan kesempatan birokrasi, ditambah pula dengan lemahnya pengawasan pemerintah, dan pengaruh-pengaruh parti politik yang menyediakan peluang yang sangat besar untuk berlakunya rasuah. 
    Terdapat juga punca lain berlakunya rasuah selain daripada disebabkan oleh  peperangan iaitu institusi hadiah dan kewajipan menyantuni keluarga.  Menurut kajian sarjana, orang Asia tidak tahu perbezaan antara kewajiban kemasyarakatan dan kewajiban perseorangan, dan seringkali juga perbezaan antara sumber milik pemerintah dan juga sumber milik peribadi.  Hal ini kerana fikiran naif orang Asia yang tidak membezakan antara kewajiban kemasyarakatan dan kewajiban peribadi ini, maka terjadilah rasuah dan mereka tidak mengira yang mereka melakukan sesuatu yang salah sehinggalah beberapa orang eropah mengatakan perbuatan tersebut adalah salah.  Sebagai contoh, seorang wanita penjual makanan di sebuah warung, anaknya datang dan ibunya memberinya makanan. Ini adalah pemberian keibuan dan pembayaran bukannya yang diharapkan tetapi yang diharapkan ialah cinta kasih anak.  Lalu datang pula seorang Inspektor keselamatan dan wanita itu memberinya makanan serta menolak bayaran daripada Inspektor tersebut, ini adalah satu suapan.  Pemberian makanan tersebut bukanlah suapan jika tidak ada harapan bahawa Inspektor itu akan menggunakan jabatannya untuk melindungi kepentingannya.  Tetapi jika Inspektor itu tidak mempunyai wang lalu wanita tersebut memberinya makanan, perbuatan tersebut adalah dermawan.  Dorongan psikologis yang menentukan pertukaran tersebut.  Dengan adanya pelbagai bentuk perilaku dan pola-pola motivasi tidak membenarkan kita untuk menarik kesimpulan bahawa suatu bentuk bersumber dari bentuk yang lain.[3] 
    Punca peribadi juga adalah sebagai satu penyebab dan penanggungjawab daripada mereka yang menganggap situasi eksternal, iaitu struktur sosial, sebagai sesuatu yang menentukan dalam masalah rasuah.  Bagi memudahkan penghuraian, istilah “individual” dan “sosial” akan digunakan.  Istilah individual yang dimaksudkan ialah penjelasan tentang rasuah yang pada akhirnya mengecilkan gejala itu sebagai keperibadian perseorangan.  Sedang yang dimaksud dengan sosial ialah penjelasan untuk mencari penyebab rasuah di luar keperibadian seseorang.  Institusi budaya, kemiskinan, penderitaan luar biasa, perubahan politik besar-besaran, peperangan, sistem hukuman yang tidak sempurna adalah pengaruh yang berasal dari luar diri individu ini dianggap sebagai sebab-sebab rasuah yang menentukan.  Apabila ada sesuatu yang menciptakan hambatan dalam tatapemerintahan pada sektor-sektor yang berhubungan dengan khalayak ramai, hal itu akan menjadi sumber kepada berlakunya gejala rasuah.[4]
    Punca-punca lain berlakunya rasuah ialah modenisasi.  Huntington mengatakan bahawa modenisasi membawa perubahan norma.  Penyataan ini hanya berlaku bagi dunia bukan Barat, sedangkan di Barat, modenisasi membawa perkembangan sumber-sumber kekayaan dan kekuasaan baru serta menampilkan kelas-kelas baru dengan tuntutan-tuntutan baru.  Dalam masyarakat Barat, Huntington melihat terjadinya rasuah yang meluas sebagai akibat industrialisasi, yang membuka peluang kepada orang untuk mencari kekayaan lebih banyak.  Modenisasi membantu pengaruh rasuah kerana ia menciptakan sumber kekayaan baru dan kelas-kelas baru yang mencita-citakan kekuasaan dengan menggunakan sarana rasuah dan ia menciptakan perluasan kegiatan-kegiatan pemerintahan.[5]
    Dikatakan oleh seorang sarjana bahawa penyelewengan yang melanda di pelbagai negara yang sedang membangun itu adalah kerana tidak cukupnya gaji pegawai negeri. Hal ini kerana disebabkan oleh adanya rasuah dan perencanaan yang buruk. Syed Hussein Alatas telah diberitahu oleh oleh Laksamana Sudomo pada waktu beliau berkunjung ke  Jakarta pada Ogos 1982, bahawa pemerintah Indonesia akan mempunyai wang yang cukup untuk menggaji pegawai negerinya jika cukai dibayar secara jujur. Hal ini kerana rasuahlah yang telah menggurangkan sumber-sumber pendapatan pemerintah.  Walaupun pembaikkan struktur cukai atau peraturan pentadbiran telah dilakukan, namun ianya tidak akan mengubah  masalah selagi mana orang-orang yang terlibat didalamnya tetap melakukan rasuah.[6]
    Ada juga sarjana yang mengatakan bahawa peperangan, pembukaan tanah baru secara besar-besaran dan situasi-situasi lain yang memberi peluang besar bagi rasuah dan juga sebagai penyebab meledaknya rasuah tetapi tidak menjelaskan kelangsungan dan kekukuhan rasuah yang berlaku pada waktu-waktu lepas tersebut.  Rasuah yang berlaku di Indonesia dewasa ini tidak dapat dijelaskan dengan hal-hal yang ada di masa peperangan sementara dua  generasi ini telah terbiasa dengan cara-cara rasuah.  Hal yang sama juga berlaku di negara-negara yang sedang membangun yang mengalami peperangan.  Sebaliknya, setelah peperangan berakhir, rasuah diketahui mereda tetapi bermaharaja kembali sesudah mencapai kemerdekaan.  Hal yang demikian juga berlaku di Malaysia. Walaupun memang benar bahawa mereka yang berkuasa pada awal kemerdekaan menjadi kecanduan rasuah dari masa berlangsungnya peperangan, tetapi perang itu adalah situasi sementara yang telah melahirkan rasuah yang meluas pada waktu seterusnya.  Kelangsungan dan meluasnya rasuah adalah disebabkan dari faktor-faktor lain yang tidak timbul dari peperangan sahaja.
    Punca seterusnya ialah faktor kelemahan individu.  Punca asas seseorang melakukan rasuah adalah kerana kurangnya iman dan ketaqwaannya terhadap Tuhan.  Walaupun diketahuinya rasuah itu salah tetapi tetap melakukannya dengan alasan-alasan tersendiri dan selagi manusia lain tidak tahu.  Selain dari itu, faktor-faktor seperti suka menyenggara hidup melebihi pendapatan, suka hidup mewah, tamak haloba, ingin cepat kaya, suka berjudi, dan berhutang menyebabkan seseorang itu terjerumus ke lembah rasuah.[7] 
     Rasuah juga berlaku disebabkan dari faktor kelemahan kepimpinan dan pentadbiran.  Kelemahan yang lemah hingga menyebabkan kurang atau tiada penyeliaan serta pengawasan pihak atasan boleh menyebabkan rasuah berlaku.  Hasil pemerhatian dan kajian Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah (SPR) ke atas kes-kes yang telah disiasat tetapi tidak dapat dibawa ke mahkamah, menunjukkan bahawa antara faktor-faktor berlakunya rasuah dalam perkhidmatan awam berpunca dari kurangnya pengawasan oleh pegawai atasan.  Di samping itu terdapat juga kelemahan-kelemahan dalam sistem atau prosedur kerja yang membuka peluang serta memberi laluan kepada pegawai-pegawai melakukan rasuah dan penyelewengan.
    Seterusnya rasuah juga berpunca daripada faktor sosial dan kebudayaan.  Setiap kaum di negara Malaysia mempunyai budaya hidup dan tradisi masing-masing berhubung dengan pemberian wang atau hadiah.  Kaum cina suka memberi angpau, manakal tradisi orang-orang Melayu pula suka memberi buah tangan dan bersedekah, walaubagaimanapun pemberian-pemberian ini di buat di masa-masa tertentu di luar masa atau keadaan yang sepatutnya ia diberikan.  Ianya bertujuan untuk mengaburi mata orang ramai agar tidak disebut rasuah. Dalam proses menerima dan memberi wang atau hadiah ini diwujudkan suasana termakan budi yang mengakibatkan “social obligation” dan keadaan ini mempercepatkan merebaknya amalan rasuah.[8]
    Rasuah juga semakin menular disebabkan dari faktor pembangunan sosio-ekonomi dan modenisasi.  Walaupun tidak ada kajian untuk menunjukkan nisbah yang mengaitkan pertalian antara kadar amalan rasuah dengan kadar kepesatan pembangunan sosioekonomi, tetapi kita dapat perhatikan bahawa kadar rasuah meningkat dengan meningkatnya proses pembangunan dan modenisasi dalam negara.  Secara logiknya, ini adalah kerana dalam proses pembangunan dan permodenan, banyak rancangan-rancangan pembangunan dijalankan dan dengan demikian pengaliran wang turut bartambah. Orang-orang tertentu yang terlibat dengan projek tersebut mengambil kesempatan mengaut keuntungan untuk poket sendiri.  Selain dari itu, tekanan untuk hidup berlumba-lumba dan mendapatkan faedah-faedah daripada rancangan-rancangan pembangunan tadi akan berlumba-lumba inilah yang akan mendorong mereka untuk sedaya upaya cuba mendapatkan tempat untuk memenangi hati pegawai-pegawai kerajaan yang mempunyai urusan dengan kepentingan mereka.  Oleh itu, jalan yang paling senang untuk memikat hati pegawai-pegawai tersebut ialah dengan memberi sogokan agar sesuatu urusan itu cepat diberi pertimbangkan dan diambil tindakan.[9]
    Seterusnya rasuah juga berpunca daripada faktor politik.  Dalam konteks ini, perbuatan pilih kasih (nepotisme) serta salahguna kuasa dan jawatan berlaku demi kepentingan dan faedah untuk diri sendiri.  Kelemahan pengawasan semakin memudahkan gejala salahguna kuasa ini berlaku.  Pemerintah pula seakan-akan membiarkan sahaja apa yang berlaku kerana gejala rasuah tersebut mengukuhkan kedudukannya.  Perbuatan pilih kasih ini juga bersangkkutan dengan pemilihan pekerja-pekerja, iaitu ahli keluarga dan kaum diutamakan berbanding yang lebih layak atau yang sepatutnya diberi kerja kerana tiada pertalian terutamanya dalam sektor awam.  Keadaan ini dapat dilihat sendiri dalam sesuatu jabatan itu yang dipenuhi dengan asal usul yang sama.[10]
    Kesimpulan yang dapat dibuat oleh saya ialah kebanyakkan sarjana-sarjana memberikan punca-punca berlakunya rasuah lebih kurang sama jenisnya dan hanya berbeza pada huraiannya.  Punca-punca yang diberikan oleh mereka jika diteliti dengan jelas kebanyakkannya berkait rapat dan berpunca daripada pucuk kepimpinan dan pentadbiran sesebuah negara.


    KESAN-KESAN GEJALA RASUAH
    Hasil kajian dan penyelidikan oleh ahli-ahli akademik seperti Gunner Mydral, Colin Leys, James Scott, David H.narey dan lain-lain menunjukkan bahawa rasuah mempunyai kesan-kesan bukan sahaja negatif tetapi mempunyai kesan positif jika dinilai dari segi fungsi rasuah.  Walaubagaimanapun, ianya bergantung kepada sistem nilai dan norma masyarakat berkenaan.  Walau apapun tanggapan individu dalam menilai kesan-kesan rasuah, namun hakikatnya rasuah melahirkan lebih banyak keburukan dan kebinasaan.  Umpamanya walaupun pemberi rasuah boleh mempercepatkan proses kerja jika dinilai dari segi fungsi positif rasuah sebagai “catalyst”, namun disebaliknya berlaku keburukan yang mana ia mengajar seseorang itu malas bekerja, kurang inisiatif, tidak amanah serta ketidakadilan sosial berlaku.
    Kesan pertama ialah kesan terhadap pelaku rasuah.  Kesan yang paling cepat dirasakan adalah keatas individu-individu yang terlibat dengan rasuah itu sendiri.  Mereka akan kehilangan pekerjaan dan kepercayaan masyarakat terhadapnya.  Terdapat satu kes di mana SPRM telah menangkap seorang awam yang telah melakukan rasuah.  Beliau telah didapati bersalah dan menerima hukuman penjara. Lanjutan peristiwa itu, isteri dan empat orang anaknya masih kecil datang ke pejabat SPRM bagi menyara hidup keluarganya.  Pesalah serta keluarganya juga mengalami gangguan emosi dan psikologi.  Kajian yang telah dijalankan oleh SPRM keatas orang-orang yang pernah ditangkap dan dihukum kerana rasuah mendapati bahawa pesalah-pesalah rasuah telah mengalami tekanan jiwa, malu, terhina, menjadi sensitif, kebebasan tergugat serta pergaulan sosial yang terhad. Satu lagi kesan yang dirasai ialah bilamana mengalami kerugian wang yang banyak kerana terpaksa membayar khidmat peguambela sehingga ada yang terpaksa bergadai harta benda.[11]
    Rasuah juga telah menyebabkan  tumpuan pelaburan dan pembangunan tidak seimbang dan saksama, iaitu jika berlakunya rasuah dan penyelewengan, maka ia akan mewujudkan golongan masyarakat yang terpaksa menanggung kesan buruknya.  Tumpuan pembangunan dan pelaburan berpusu ke sektor tertentu sahaja.  Ketidakseimbangan ini wujud bukan kerana sektor ini mempunyai permintaan dan keuntungan yang tinggi tetapi kerana rasuah.  Maka berlakulah pertumbuhan ekonomi yang berat sebelah dan sektor-sektor lain yang tidak ada peluang untuk melakukan rasuah, maka ia tidak diperkembangkan.[12]
    Selain itu, rasuah juga akan menjauhkan jurang perbezaan di antara golongan miskin dan kaya.  Lazimnya golongan yang kaya mempunyai sumber kewangan yang banyak untuk mempengaruhi keputusan-keputusan yang dibuat oleh pegawai kerajaan, lalu membolehkan mereka memperoleh lebih banyak peluang yang ditawarkan oleh kerajaan, walaupun kadangkala mereka tidak berhak mendapatkannya.  Rasuah kepada mereka merupakan satu jambatan untuk mengaut lebih banyak keistimewaan dan menambahkan kekayaan.  Keadaan ini akan menimbulkan ketidakadilan sosial yang akhirnya akan menjejaskan integrasi nasional.
    Seterusnya, rasuah turut menaikkan harga barangan dan perkhidmatan.  Apabila amalan rasuah berlaku dalam dunia perniagaan, peniaga-peniaga biasanya akan memindahkan kos memberi rasuah kepada para pengguna dengan cara menaikkan harga barang dan perkhidmatan kerana ianya dianggap sebagi kos modal.[13]
    Rasuah juga turut menyebabkan pengaliran wang keluar negara (capital outflow).  Mengumpul dan menyimpan wang rasuah di dalam negara dirasakan tidak selamat oleh penerima-penerima rasuah, kerana ia boleh dikesan oleh pihak berkuasa dan merampasnya.  Oleh yang demikian, wang rasuah (yang merupakan wang negara) di simpan di bank-bank luar negara.  Ini bermakna negara akan kehilangan pertukaran wang asing dan modal.  Hal inilah yang telah berlaku di Amerika Selatan pada tahun 1954-1959 di mana tiga diktaktor Amerika selatan iaitu Peron, Parez Jimenez dan Batista) telah memindahkan US 1.5 billion dollar wang negara mereka ke negara lain.[14]
    Selain daripada itu juga, gejala rasuah yang berleluasa turut mengancam keselamatan negara dan rakyat.  Kontraktor-kontraktor yang memberi rasuah kepada pegawai-pegawai kerajaan akan menyebabkan mereka menghasilkan kerja atau perkhidmatan yang kurang bermutu dan tidak menepati spesifikasi demi mencapai target keuntungan yang diharapkan.  Bayangkanlah, apa yang akan terjadi kepada rakyat jelata yang menyeberangi sebuah jambatan yang dibina tidak mengikut spesifikasi atau menghuni rumah-rumah yang dibuat tidak mengikut mutu yang ditetapkan.  Juga, tidak mustahil sekiranya dadah dan senjata api dapat menembusi kubu pertahanan keselamatan sekiranya berlaku suapan di pintu masuk negara.
    Rasuah juga antara lainnya dapat mencetuskan pergolakkan sosial dan rusuhan.  Walaupun negara kita belum lagi mengalami tindakan ganas dari rakyat kerana kepimpinan yang dilanda rasuah, namun contoh-contoh dari pergolakkan sosial dan rusuhan lain yang berlaku di beberapa negara lain boleh dijadikan contoh.  Apabila rakyat merasa kecewa dan perasaan benci meluap-luap kerana ditindas, ditipu, kecurangan dan ketidakadilan dilakukan oleh golongan pemerintah, maka kebangkitan rakyat tidak dapat dielakkan.[15] 
    Kesan rasuah juga dapat menjejaskan kecekapan dan kelicinan pentadbiran.  Apabila seseorang pekerja itu telah biasa disogokkan supaya mempercepatkan sesuatu kerja, maka ia akan dengan sengaja melambat-lambatkan pengendalian tugas-tugasnya kerana megharapkan untuk memperoleh lagi “speed money”.  Lebih banyak sogokan, lebih istimewa pula layanan serta tumpuan yang diberikan.  Keadaan ini sudah tentu menjejaskan moral, etika perkhidmatan, kecekapan dan prestasi kerja dalam sesebuah jabatan.  Akhirnya juga akan menjejaskan keseluruhan imej dan keutuhan jabatan tersebut.[16]
    Gejala rasuah yang melanda di dalam sesebuah negara juga akan menggalakan jenayah dan melindungi para penjenayah.  Undang-undang yang diwujudkan adalah untuk melindungi rakyat dari jenayah dan untuk menghukum penjenayah-penjenayah. Sekiranya pegawai-pegawai yang diamanahkan untuk menguatkuasakan undang-undang tidak menjalankan tanggungjawabnya kerana sanggup menerima rasuah, maka penjenayah-penjenayah akan terlepas kerana tidak diambil tindakan undang-undang.  Keadaan ini seterusnya akan menggalakkan lagi mereka untuk melakukan jenayah kerana mereka tahu untuk melepaskan diri.
    Di antara akibat-akibat rasuah yang telah dicatat oleh mereka yang menaruh perhatian terhadap masalah itu, yang paling jelas adalah pelbagai bentuk keadilan  telah mempengaruhi peribadi-peribadi yang terbilang banyaknya, di saat-saat yang sangat menyedihkan.  Sebuah contoh adalah banyaknya kematian sebagai akibat kepayahan kerana bantuan untuk mereka dicuri oleh orang-orang yang melakukan rasuah.  Andreski mencatat banyak contoh ketidakadilan yang ditimbulkan oleh rasuah di Afrika Barat.  Di rumah-rumah sakit para pesakit harus membayar jururawat untuk mengambilkan mangkuk najis.  Para doktor pun harus disuap.  Para pesakit yang tidak mampu berbayar akan disuntik dengan air yang diberi dengan zat pewarna kerana ubat-ubatan telah dicuri di farmasi.  Seluruh masyarakat tersebut telah dirasuki rasuah sehingga akan tampak sangat mengerikan bagi orang yang hidup dalam masyarakat terbabit.[17] 
    Rasuah juga akan menumbuhan ketidakcekapan yang menyeluruh di dalam birokrasi dan lembaga-lembaga lainnya.  Yang pertama di antara mata rantai sebab akibat berupa hancurnya dasar-dasar akademik.  Kenaikkan tingkat atau pangkat didalam bidang akademik tidak benar-benar didasarkan pada karya penelitian dan penerbitan seseorang, melainkan mendapat berkat antara hubungan, sikap menjilat, keperluan pertandingan atau sekadar kemampuan menaiki tangga karier.  Para pensyarah sama sekali tidak berminat pada mata kuliah yang dipegangnya, tidak ada perhatian intelektual terhadap masalah pendidikan, tidak mempunyai kecenderungan banyak membaca agar dapat memperolehi pengetahuan muktahir dalam bidangnya, dan akhirnya tidak mempunyai harga diri. Apa yang terjadi di kampus-kampus juga terjadi di birokrasi dan lembaga-lembaga lain yang serupa.  Tidak terdapat kreativiti kerja yang terbit dari suasana yang sihat.  Tenaga dihabiskan untuk mewujudkan bentuk dan hakikat serta minat membangun tertimbun oleh semangat rasuah.  Wang suap yang diberikan oleh sebuah perusahaan telah mengurangkan kecekapan pemerintahan kerana membuatkannya abai terhadap alternatif lainnya yang realistik dan rasional.  Keuntungan yang diperoleh oleh perubahan itu adalah kerugian bagi pemerintah  kerana harga barang-barang yang bersangkutan sering dinaikkan.[18]
    Rasuah juga jelas telah menyuburkan jenis kejahatan lain di dalam masyarakat.  Melalui rasuah sindiket kejahatan atau penjahat perseorangan dapat membengkokkan hukum, menyusupi organisasi negara, dan memperoleh penghormatan.  Secara luas dikenal di India, bahawa para penyeludup yang terkenal menyusupi ke dalam tubuh parti dan memegang jawatan.  Di Amerika Syarikat, misalnya melalui pemberian suap, polis yang melakukan rasuah memberi pelindungan kepada organisasi-organisasi penjahat.  Sebagai akibat pengaruh metastiknya, rasuah menyebar dari satu bidang ke bidang yang lain.  Hal itu mungkin semula hanya berupa pemberian dengan tujuan yang tersembunyi.[19]
    Pengaruh kolektif dan komulatif dari rasuah akan melemahkan semangat birokrasi dan mereka yang menjadi korban.  Pengaruh pertama yang melemahkan itu ialah pelayanan palsu.  Kerja yang dilakukan oleh orang yang menyeleweng adalah tidak tulus.  Dia tidak menaruh minat pada kerja itu dan  dengan demikian seorang kepala polis yang terlibat didalam penyeludupan ubat bius dan rasuah yang bermaharajalela tidak akan memperhatikan pekerjaannya di dalam pasukan polis, tidak akan mencurahkan kemampuannya yang terbaik untuk pekerjaan itu, tidak akan mencurahkan waktu sepenuhnya untuk memikirkan pekerjaanya.  Kegiatan yang tampak hanya dirancang sekadar untuk mengabsahkan kehadirannya pada kedudukannya yang ditempatinya itu.  Dia tidak mempunyai minat yang sesungguhnya di dalam pekerjaannya.  Maka kerjanya hanyalah sesuatu yang semu sebagai ganti sesuatu yang murni yang tidak dia lakukan.[20]
    Rasuah juga turut membantu kepentingan musuh di dalam perang.  Rasuah di Vietnam bukan sahaja sesuatu kejahatan malahan juga sebagai pengkhianatan.  Perlengkapan tentera dan ubat-ubatan jatuh ke tangan Vietcong (musuh) melalui pasar gelap.  Salah satu pasar gelap ialah di Qui Nhon di mana dapat diperoleh segala macam barang seperti makanan dan minuman, pakaian, senjata ringan, meriam, peluru, berpeti-peti bom tangan, peti televisyen, dan mesin cuci.  Dapat pula orang membeli trak-trak berat, kenderaan lapis baja, dan bahkan helikopter melalui pasar gelap.  Kenderaan-kenderaan ini lenyap begitu sahaja pada malam hari dan dinyatakan telah dirampas oleh Vietcong sedangkan penyelewengan yang dilakukan oleh orang dalam.
    Selain itu rasuah juga akan meninggalkan kesan yang mendalam di dalam ekonomi sesebuah negara.  Kita telah sedia maklum bahawa beban ekonomi yang timbul akibat dari gejala rasuah jatuh ke bahu masyarakat.  Segala kos suapan atau pemerasan telah dimasukkan kedalam kos pembiayaan atau modal perniagaan.  Hal ini telah menyebabkan harga-harga barang menjadi lebih mahal, di samping beban berupa cukai dan pungutan lain yang sah.  Kebebasan yang timbul sebagai akibat rasuah mendorong para pengusaha dan indrustriawan yang serakah untuk menambah batas keuntungan dengan melalaikan mutu dan menaikkan harga.  Ini adalah akibat langsung terhadap pengguna.  Selain itu penderitaan masyarakat masih bertambah kerana orang-orang yang melakukan rasuah yang kaya dan mengetahui cara-cara menghindarkan diri daripada membayar cukai.  Pengelakkan seperti ini mengakibatkan lebih tingginya pungutan cukai yang harus dibayar oleh warganegara  yang jujur, untuk menutup jumlah yang tidak dibayar oleh orang-orang yang melakukan rasuah itu tadi.

    (1.0)      PENUTUP
    Setelah meneliti dari pelbagai pendapat para sarjana mengenai rasuah, punca-punya dan kesan-kesannya dapat disimpulkan di sini bahawa rasuah adalah satu gejala yang harus di banteras dengan segera .  Program yang di atur oleh pemerintah untuk menghapuskan atau melenyapkan gejala rasuah bergantung kepada keadaan dan kemahuan kelompok pemimpin itu sendiri.  Penyusunan program bergantung kepada kesedaran mereka yang terlibat iaitu pengertian mereka terhadap sifat, punca-punca dan kesan-kesan rasuah.  Begitu juga jika suatu pemerintahan menetapkan untuk membanteras rasuah dan dan mempunyai kesempatan untuk itu, tidaklah sukar untuk mengubah keadaan, secara bertahap tetapi mantap.  Kesedaran yang kuat harus wujud dari setiap sudut organisasi dan di setiap peringkat pemerintahan agar gejala rasuah ini dapat di bendung.  Perencanaan haruslah benar-benar dilakukan dan tidaklah cukup jika hanya publisiti yang dilakukan.  Masyarakat dari setiap sudut negara haruslah prihatin terhadap masalah ini agar ianya tidak terus berlaku dan berlaku sehingga mereka yang terpaksa menanggung kesannya.


    [1] Syed Hussein Alatas. 1995. Rasuah. Sifat, Sebab dan Fungsi. Hlm 125.
    [2] Syed Hussein Alatas. 1995. Rasuah. Sifat, Sebab dan Fungsi. Hlm 127.
    Mohd Yusuf Bahir. (2007). Kuasa pemangkin Rasuah. Hlm 35.

    [3] [3]Syed Hussein Alatas. 1995. Rasuah. Sifat, Sebab dan Fungsi. Hlm 128.
    [4] Rasidah Abdul Rasyid. (1990). Rasuah:Satu Kajian Mengenai Sebab-Sebab Berlakunya Rasuah.
    Bertrand De Speville. (2010). Overcoming Corruption. Hlm 75.
    [5] Bertrad De Speville. (2004).Overcoming Corruption. Hlm 73.
    [6] Syed Hussein Alatas. 1995. Rasuah. Sifat, Sebab dan Fungsi. Hlm 175.
    [7] Mohd. Nordin Ahmad. (1995). Masyarakat Melayu. Budaya Rasuah dan Penyelesaiannya. Hlm 13.
    [8] Rasidah Abdul Rasyid. (1990). Rasuah : Satu Kajian Mengenai Sebab-Sebab Berlakunya Rasuah. Halaman 35.
    [9] Kamarudin Bin Arim. (2004). Tesis Kajian Kes Rasuah Di Malaysia. Hlm 145.
    [10] Noor Sulastry Yurni Ahmad. (2011). Barah Rasuah dan Transformasi di Malaysia.
    [11] Ismail Awang. (1999). Gejala Rasuah dalam Budaya Kerja. Hlm 43.

    [12] Hussain Mohamed. (2003). Rasuah :Mewah, Bergaya, Tetapi Celaka Padahnya. Hlm 60.
    [13]Hussain Mohamad. (2003). Gejala Rasuah : Mewah, Bergaya, tetapi Celaka Padahnya. Hlm 63.
    [14] Bertrand De Speville. (2004). Overcoming Corruption. Hlm 78.
    [15]  Kamarudin bin Arim. (2004). Tesis Kajian Kes Rasuah di Malaysia. Hlm 345.
    [16] Abd. Khalil Abdul Manap.(1974) Satu Taipologi Rasuah di Malaysia. Hlm 37.
    [17] Syed Hussein Alatas. 1995. Rasuah. Sifat, Sebab dan Fungsi. Hlm 184.
              Hospital Público Veterinario ha brindado más de 70 mil consultas        

    Hospital Público Veterinario ha brindado más de 70 mil consultas 


    Iguanas, hámster, gallinas, conejos, cabras, gatos y perros, entre los pacientes


    Teotihuacán en Línea. Toluca. Isaac Moreno Alejo, jefe del Departamento de Zoonosis y Vectores del ISEM, informó que el Hospital Público Veterinario del Instituto de Salud del Estado de México (ISEM) ha proporcionado más de setenta mil consultas gratuitas.
    “Ubicado en el municipio de Naucalpan, el nosocomio ofrece en promedio sesenta atenciones diarias, sumando más de diez mil en lo que va del año, atendiendo principalmente perros y gatos”, dijo.
    “Iguanas, hámster, aves de ornato, gallinas, conejos, cabras, hurones, cuyos, patos, puerquitos vietnamitas e incluso tortugas y un caballo, son otras de las especies que se atienden en este nosocomio, informó Moreno Alejo.
    “Hoy en día, los animales de compañía no se limitan a perros y gatos, la vacuna antirrábica gratuita se aplica estrictamente para perros y gatos, pero el hospital brinda atención a cualquier mascota”, explicó.
    El Hospital Público Veterinario, inaugurado el 5 de enero de 2015, cuenta con servicios de esterilización, vacunación antirrábica, rayos X, laboratorio, ultrasonido y consulta externa.
    Entre los padecimientos más frecuentes que atienden los veterinarios destacan las fracturas, enfermedades gastrointestinales, problemas respiratorios y urinarios, además de algunas complicaciones en partos.
    Las urgencias médicas que atiende son envenenamiento, intoxicación y animales agredidos con armas punzo cortantes, que con la Intervención oportuna de los especialistas han logrado salvar la vida.

    “El único requisito es agendar la cita, llevar al animal con un ayuno mínimo de doce horas y en buenas condiciones de salud; además de traer una frazada”, indicó Moreno Alejo

              JFK: What Could Have Been        

    Today marks the 50th anniversary of the most infamous crime of the 20th century.

    The murder of President Kennedy continues to fascinate and disturb people around the globe. The killing has been investigated and analyzed; reviewed and written about; video-taped and dramatized; unequivocally the most talked about criminal event in the last 100 years.

    Although Kennedy’s death is seared into the American psyche, there is so much more to the man than his demise. The image of Jaqueline Kennedy crawling across the trunk of the presidential limousine as a secret service agent jumped on board remains as vivid today as it was 50 years ago.

    Yet Kennedy’s manner, his swagger his confidence in himself and his country should not be forgotten, it should be celebrated and revered.

    Kennedy’s murder remains unsolved. The Warren Commission concluded a lone assassin was responsible, the U.S. House Select Committee on Assassination concluded it was “probably” a conspiracy.

    All we know for sure about November 22, 1963 is that JFK was fatally wounded while sitting in an open car traveling slowly on through Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas. John Connelly, the governor of Texas was wounded as well.  Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested that day and charged with Kennedy’s murder and the murder of a Dallas Police Officer.

    Today is the somber anniversary of JFK’s death—but it can be more, a celebration of an extraordinary life.

    For Americans, and admirers around the world, JFK is forever young and vibrant. His charisma was second only to his intellect.  He was a leader who inspired a generation and continues to inspire today.

    His heroism in war; his audacity to challenge Americans to do for their country; his tenacity to stand up to the Soviet’s during the successful resolution of the Cuban Missile Crisis; and his vision to launch us on a successful race to the moon—are all testaments to his leadership.

    Today, and the days leading up to today have been filled with theories of conspiracy and treachery. The news has been filled with stories of investigations gone awry and a government too inept to solve the murder of its very leader.

    Today is also about what could have been. Had Kennedy survived the remainder of his term and maybe won a second term what would America be like today?

    We can only imagine an America in the 1960’s without Vietnam. Where would we be today if a young and vibrant president could have fully embraced the civil rights movement? How about a visionary peace movement in place of raucous anti-war protests? What if Watergate was just the name of another Washington, DC office building?

    Kennedy modeled a pragmatic approach to problem solving instead of partisan back-biting that we’ve come to know as leadership. JFK once said, “A nation reveals itself not only by the men it produces but also by the men it honors, the men it remembers.”

    Today, our nation can reveal a lot about itself. If, instead of wallowing in the unresolved murder of a president, it celebrated a life well lived and country that glowed in the light of that well lived life.

    (Matthew T. Mangino is of counsel with Luxenberg, Garbett, Kelly & George P.C. He is the former district attorney for Lawrence County and former member of the Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole. You can reach him at www.mattmangino.com and follow him on Twitter @MatthewTMangino).


              Richard A. Clarke on National Security        

    Richard A. Clarke served seven presidents in important national security posts from 1973 to 2003. His new book, Your Government Failed You: Breaking the Cycle of National Security Disasters, (1) is two things, an expansion of his earlier criticisms of President George W. Bush's track record in national security and a wide-ranging evaluation of the current state of national security.

    Clarke focuses much of his attention on the current war in Iraq. His position is that the war was a mistake from the start, a fool's errand in his words, (2) which provided a recruiting windfall for al Qaeda. Beyond this, he faults both the White House and the Pentagon for poor planning and execution. Specifically he charges that:

    • They sent too few troops.
    • Despite warnings by the CIA and the State Department, they failed to anticipate the insurgency, an unforgivable oversight after the debacle of Vietnam.
    • They failed to equip many of our troops adequately.
    • They filled key positions in the interim government with inexperienced Americans.
    • They used torture in violation of domestic and international law, a tactic that undercut America's moral standing around the world.
    • They failed to provide adequate medical treatment to tens of thousands wounded soldiers when they were sent home for treatment.
    • And, they developed no exit strategy. (3)

    Iraq aside, Clarke alleges that the overall security apparatus in the nation today is dysfunctional. (4) On the topic of terrorism, for instance, he cites extensive evidence to show that most of the same vulnerabilities that existed on 9/11 exist today. A major cause of this, Clarke argues, is that we have sixteen distinct federal intelligence agencies which collectively spend $50 billion a year. There is little coordination among these fiefdoms, he says, and they frequently duplicate efforts. Perhaps the most dramatic example of the lack of coordination which he cites is the fact that the CIA knew that two known al Qaeda terrorists were in the United States eighteen months prior to 9/11 but it failed to pass along this information to other intelligence agencies. (5) Clarke reminds us that the most sensible solution to this problem, the appointment of a strong intelligence czar to oversee all intelligence agencies, which the 9/11 Commission recommended, was blocked by Donald Rumsfeld when he was Secretary of Defense. (6)

    Does the relatively new Department of Homeland Security offer us any hope? In a word, according to Clarke, no. It is an organizational nightmare, placing twenty-two agencies with fundamentally different missions under one umbrella; it excludes key intelligence agencies such as the FBI and the CIA; it is under-funded; and it has become the prime target of the Beltway Bandits, the private defense and security companies surrounding Washington. (7) Clarke is not alone in this appraisal. The Government Accountability Office issued a virtually identical one in a report in 2007. (8)

    Clarke's book, while depressing, deserves serious attention by all of us. To ignore the informed views of one of the most experienced and respected veterans of national intelligence service would be a disservice to ourselves, our children, and our children's children. (9)


    1. RAC Enterprises, 2008
    2. Page 188.
    3. Clarke also offers a critique of the planning and execution of the war in Afghanistan in several parts of the book which includes some of these same points. For instance, see page 51, pages 175-176, and page 199.
    4. Page 137.
    5. Pages 164-165.
    6. Pages 138-140.
    7. See pages 210-235.
    8. Page 225.
    9. While Clarke does not minimize the ongoing dangers of terrorism, he argues that the most serious threat to national security is climate change. See page 263 and pages 272-273.

    © 2009 Tom Shipka


              GANDY Michael L - Vietnam Wall section 46 East         
    GANDY Michael L - Vietnam Wall section 46 East

    Honor our Veterans. This is one of many photographs of the Vietnam Memorial Wall in Parker Co, TX. Feel free to use this picture for your personal records. See this photo, one of the 238,583 photos, free at http://teafor2.com where they are listed in order by state(Texas), county(Parker), cemetery(Vietnam) and Surname.

    If you know more about this person please reply here instead of contacting me because this is not my family.
              Michael Yonkers: “Microminiature Love” / “Sold America” [MP3's]        

    Michael Yonkers: Microminiature Love (full album stream)

    MP3: Michael Yonkers - “Microminiature Love”

    MP3: Michael Yonkers - “Sold America”

    Microminiature Love (tracklist):

    1. JASONTOWN
    2. MICROMINIATURE LOVE
    3. BOY IN THE SANDBOX
    4. SMILE AWHILE
    5. RETURNING
    6. PUPPETING
    7. KILL THE ENEMY
    8. THE CLOCK IS RUNNING
    9. MY HOUSE
    10. HUSH HUSH
    11. SOLD AMERICA
    12. THE THUNDER SPEAKS
    13. SCAT JAM


    Originally recorded in 1968 and slated for release on Sire Records, Microminiature Love languished unreleased until last year, when it was finally unearthed by De Stijl Records (who put out a limited, vinyl-only pressing of the original album). Its creator, Michael Yonkers, is a legendary figure in Minneapolis music-lore, who, through his own modifications, created his own guitars and effects. However, Microminiature Love is no mere curiosity or feat of gadgetry.

    Raised on a steady diet of Link Wray and the Trashmen, Yonkers pushed the boundaries of distortion and truly transformed it into a powerful voice. The songs on Microminiature Love defy immediate categorization, but in them are shades of Pere Ubu, the howl of Iggy, the blunt primitivism of the Godz, and the seeds of countless other underground heroes.

    Michael Yonkers started his musical career as the leader of Michael & The Mumbles, who played proms and dances all over the Twin Cities area. Constantly refining and re-imagining their sound, the band gradually morphed into the Michael Yonkers Band with Michael’s brother Jim Yunker on drums and Tom Wallfred on bass. In 1967, Michael cut his Telecaster down to a plank; one of the many modifications he made to his equipment. He still plays this same guitar on stage today.

    Soon enough, the band hooked up with Peter Steinberg, a local music impresario, who set them up with a contract with Sire Records. As Cecile Cloutier points out in her thorough piece from Minneapolis’ City Pages, this was one of many times throughout the course of rock history that the fertile music underground was being mined by the majors. At the time, bands like The Fugs, Captain Beefheart and The Mothers of Invention had major label deals. For various reasons that remain unclear, dealings with the label fell apart and they and the band parted ways.

    Yonkers continued to record and released several solo records on his own label, including Grimwood, Michael Lee Yonkers and Goodby Sunball in the early seventies. In 1971, Michael’s back was broken in an on-the-job accident in an electronics warehouse. Years of ongoing exploratory surgeries have done nothing to help the situation, instead ultimately disabling him further. His allergic reaction to the dye used in an X-ray procedure led to a degenerative condition of his spinal cord lining from which he suffers to this day. Dance has proven to be Yonkers’ greatest therapy and he has, as a result, been active in the Minneapolis dance community for years.

    In 1997, Get Hip Records released a collection of songs recorded at Richfield, MN’s Dove Studios called Free Flight: Unreleased Dove Recording Studio Cuts 1964-69. The collection contained two of the songs heard on Microminiature Love; “Puppeting” and the anti-Vietnam War song “Kill the Enemy.” These tracks caught the attention of De Stijl’s Clint Simonson and launched a search for Yonkers that lasted over a year. Simonson eventually located Yonkers not through the music community, but through the local dance community.

    Michael Yonkers still resides in St. Paul, MN and has recently played shows with such diverse bands as Wolf Eyes, Six Organs of Admittance and Low.

    Upon its release last year, Microminiature Love immediately became a record-head favorite and Yonkers’ later albums began trading for not-insignificant sums. The original seven-song album is accompanied on this CD edition by six bonus tracks recorded circa 1968.

    Dusted feature on Michael Yonkers!
    Cecile Cloutier’s Michael Yonkers feature from Minneapolis’ City Pages

    Via: Sub Pop


    CDs & MP3s: BuscaPé • MercadoLivre • Submarino • Amazon • CD Universe• Insound • 7digital

              ISI SKU PENEGAK BANTARA POINT 1 s.d selesai | BUDISHARE|        
    hai SobaT BS Semua, SALAM PRAMUKA . . .

    ya di sela sela waktu sibuk saya saya akan Memosting tentang Kepramukaan nih sob, Bagi Para CARA (Calon Bantara ) yang ingin melanjutkan pelantikan ke tingkat bantara Harus bisa dong mengisi Point SKU Penegak Bantara . Nah Bagi kakak kakak bantara yang ingin memberi materi SKU Penegak bantara Saya ada nih Materi materi yang harus kaka mkaka berikan Langsung saja

    CEKIDOT ..

    SKU BANTARA

    SKU penegak Bantara point 1
    Rajin dan aktif mengikuti pertemuan-pertemuan Ambalan Penegak.
    Sebagai calon pramuka penegak banatara, calon bantara harus mengikuti latihan yang diselenggarakan ambalan minimal 8 kali pertemuan serta telah dinyatakan layak untuk dilantik menjadipramuka penegak Bantara

    SKU penegak Bantara point 2
    Telah mempelajari dan menyetujui Anggaran Dasar Gerakan Pramuka.

    Lihat
    Anggaran Dasar Gerakan Pramuka

    SKU penegak Bantara point 3
    Mengerti dan bersungguh-sungguh mengamalkan Dasa Darma dan Tri Satya dalam kehidupannya sehari-hari.

    Tri Satya
    Demi kehormatanku aku berjanji akan bersungguh-sungguh
    menjalankan kewajibanku terhadap Tuhan dan negara kesatuan repubulik Indonesia dan mengamalkan Pancasiala
    menolong sesama hidup dan ikut serta membangun masyarakat
    menepati dhasa dharma

    Dasa Dharma Pramuka
    Pramuka Itu
    1 taqwa kepada Tuhan Yang Maha Esa
      sebagai Pramuka kita harus beriman kepada Tuhan yang maha Esa, serta menyembahnya
     selain itu kita juga harus menjalankan perintah-Nya dan menjauhi larangan_Nya

    2 Cinta alam dan kasih sayang sesama manusia
      Sebagai pramuka kita harus bisa memelihara lingkungan sekitar, serta bisa membantu orang lain. tidak berbuat jahat kepada orang lain yang dapat merugikan semua pihak.
    3 patriot yang sopan dan kesatriya
     Sebagai Pramuka kita harus bersikap sopan dalam tingkah laku, santun dalam bertutur kata. selain itu kita juga harus bersikap tanpa pamrih, dan tidak sombong akan kemampuannya.
    4 patuh dan suka bermusyawarah
      sebagai pramuka selayaknya kita bersikap patuh terhadap orang tua guru serta orang yang lebih tua dari kita. menjalankan semua perintah dengan bertanggung jawab.
    selain itu dalam memutuskan suatu kebijakan diawali dengan bermusyawarah untuk mendapatkan keputusan yang mufakat.
    5 rela menolong dan tabah
      Sebagai pramuka kita harus bisa saling tolong menolong dalam kebaikan. dan bisa tabah serta tabah dalam  menghadapi masalah yang kita hadapi.
    6 rajin trampil dan gembira
      Sebagai pramuka kita harus bersikap rajin dalam segala hal. trampil dalam mengerjakan sesuatu yang kita lakukan. selalu bersiakp gembira dalam kondisi apapun.
    7 hemat cermat dan bersahaja
      Tidak menghambur-hamburkan uang untuk hal yang kurang penting, selalu menyisihkan uang untuk ditabung. mencermati semua situasi yang ada untuk menetukan jalan keluar yang haus diambil. selain itu kita juga harus bersikap bersahaja.
    8 disiplin berani dan setia
      Tepat waktu, tidak mninggalkan kewajiban, berani mengambil keputusan serta berani mengambil resiko dengan apa yang telah dia pilih. kemudian setia  terhadap orang yang telah membesarkan namannya.
    9 bertanggung jawab dan dapat dipercaya
      Seorang pramuka harus bertanggung jawab denagn apa yang telah tugas yang telah diamanatkan denagn melakukan dengan sungguh-sungguh tanggung jawab itu.
    10 suci dalam pikiran,perkataan dan perbuatan

    SKU penegak Bantara point 4
    Dapat memberi salam Pramuka dan tahu maksud dan penggunannya.
    Salam dalam Pramuka di bagi menjadi tiga yaitu :
    1.Salam biasa

    Yaitu salam yang diberikan kepada sesama anggota Pramuka. Siapa yang melihat dulu dialah yang harus memberi salam terlebih dahulu tanpa aba-aba, tidak pandang pangkat, tua maupun muda. Salam tersebut dapat diberikan sambil berjalan, sedang duduk, naik sepeda ataupun kendaraan. Jadi tidak harus berdiri.
    2.Salam hormat

    Yaitu salam yang diberikan kepada seseorang atau sesuatu yang kedudukannya lebih tinggi.

    Untuk salam hormat diberikan kepada :

       * Bendera kebangsaan ketika dikibarkan atau diturunkan dalam suatu upacara.
       * Jenazah yang sedang lewat atau akan dimakamkan.
       * Kepala Negara atau wakilnya, Panglima tinggi, para duta besar, para menteri dan pejabat lainnya.
       * Lagu Kebangsaan Indonesia Raya.

    3. Salam janji

    Yaitu salam yang dilakukan ketika ada anggota Pramuka yang sedang dilantik. Pemberian salam pramuka dilakukan ketika dilakukan pengucapan janji yaitu Tri Satya atau Dwi Satya. Salam janji juga diberikan pada saat pengucapan janji Trisatya dalam acara Ulang Janji.
     Cara memberikan salam pramuka

       * Posisi siap, tangan kiri lurus ke bawah tangan kanan diangkat pada pelipis, posisi telapak tangan miring, telapak tangan terbuka, punggung tangan di bagian atas.
       * Ketika membawa tongkat; tongkat diangkat dengan tangan kanan dan tangan kiri melintang di depan dada.
       * Untuk salam penghormatan kepada Bendera merah putih, ketika membawa tongkat, tongkat di pindah ke tangan kiri, dengan ujung tongkat masih tetap di depan kaki kanan, dan tangan kanan diangkat pada pelipis, seperti pada posisi ketika tidak membawa tongkat.
       * Dalam keadaan yang tidak memungkinkan (dalam keadaan duduk atau di atas kendaraan), salam pramuka dapat diberikan hanya dengan mengangkat tangan pada pelipis sambil mengucapkan "Salam Pramuka" dan tanpa perlu berdiri.





    SKU penegak Bantara point 5
    Tahu tanda-tanda pengenal dalam Gerakan Pramuka.

    Macam-macam Tanda Pengenal
    Tanda Umum
    Dipakai secara umum oleh semua anggota Gerakan Pramuka yang sudah dilantik, baik putra maupun putri.
    Macamnya: - Tanda tutup kepala, - setangan / pita leher, - tanda pelantikan, - tanda harian, - tanda WOSM.

    Tanda Satuan
    Menunjukkan Satuan / Kwartir tertentu, tempat seorang anggota Gerakan Pramuka bergabung.
    Macamnya: - Tanda barung / regu / sangga, - gugus depan, - kwartir, - Mabi, - krida, - saka, - Lencana daerah, - satuan dan lain-lain.

    Tanda Jabatan
    Menunjukkan jabatan dan tanggungjawab seorang anggota Gerakan Pramuka dalam lingkungan organisasi Gerakan Pramuka.

    Macamnya: - Tanda pemimpin / wakil pemimpin barung / regu / sangga, - sulung, pratama, pradana, - pemimpin / wakil krida / saka, - Dewan Kerja, Pembina, Pembantu Pembina, Pelatih, Andalan, Pembimbing, Pamong Saka, Dewan Saka dan lain-lain.
    Tanda Kecakapan

    Menunjukkan kecakapan, ketrampilan, ketangkasan, kemampuan, sikap, tingkat usaha seorang Pramuka dalam bidang tertentu, sesuai golongan usianya.

    Macamnya: - Tanda kecakapan umum / khusus, - pramuka garuda dan tanda keahlian lain bagi orang dewasa.
    Tanda Penghargaan

    Menunjukkan jasa atau penghargaan yang diberikan kepada seseorang atas jasa, darma baktinya dan lain-lain yang cukup bermutu dan bermanfaat bagi Gerakan Pramuka, kepramukaan, masyarakat, bangsa, negara dan umat manusia.

    Macamnya: - Peserta didik: Tiska, tigor, bintang tahunan, bintang wiratama, bintang teladan. - Orang dewasa: Pancawarsa, Darma Bakti, Wiratama, Melati, Tunas Kencana.



    SKU penegak Bantara point 6
    Tahu struktur organisasi dan Gerakan Pramuka dan Dewan Kerja Penegak dan Pandega.
    Dalam Gerkan Pramuka Struktur organisasi dari Nasional adalah sebagai berikut :
    Tingkat nasional
    Mabinas ( Majelis Pembimbing Nasional) yang diketuai oleh Presiden RI
    Kwarnas ( kwartir Nasional) masa bakti 5 tahun
    Dewan Kerja Nasional (DKN) dengan masa bakti 5 tahun

    Tingkat Daerah
    Mabida (Majelis Pembimbing Daerah) yang di ketuai oleh Gubernur yang menjabat saat itu.
    Kwarda ( Kwartir Daerah) dengan masa jabatan 5 tahun
    Dewan Kerja Daerah ( DKD ) dengan masa jabatan 5 tahun

    Tingkat Cabang
    Mabicab (majelis pembimbing cabang) yang diktuai oleh walkota atau bupati.
    Kwarcab (Kwartir cabang) dengan masa jabatan 5 tahun
    Dewan Kerja cabang (DKC) dengan masa jabatan 5 tahun

    Tingkat kecamatan ( ranting)
    Mabiran ( majelis Pembimbung Ranting) yang di ketuai oleh Camat
    Kwaran ( Kwartir Ranting ) masa bakti 3 tahun
    DKR (Dewan Kerja Ranting) masa bakti 3 tahun

    Gugus Depan
    Mabigus
    DKA (Dewan Kerja Ambalan)
     Secara Gambarannya adalah sebagai berikut

    SKU penegak Bantara point 7
    Tahu arti lambang Gerakan Pramuka.

    Lambang Gerkan Pramuka adalah Silhuet (bayangan) tunas kelapa, Lambang ini diciptakan oleh Bp. Soenardjo Atmadipuro, beliau seorang pembina Pramuka yang bekerja di jajaran departemen pertanian.
    Adapun arti kiasan Lambang Pramuka adalah sebagai berikut :
    1.Buah nyiur dalam keadaan tumbuh dinamakan cikal, dan istilah cikal bakal di Indonesia berarti penduduk asli yang pertama, yang menurunkan generasi baru. Jadi lambang buah nyiur yang tumbuh itu mengkiaskan bahwa tiap anggota pramuka merupakan inti bagi kelangsungan hidup bangsa Indonesia.

    2.Buah nyiur dapat bertahan lama dalam keadaan yang bagaimanapun juga. Jadi lambang itu mengkiaskan bahwa tiap anggota pramuka adalah seorang yang rohaniah dan jasmaniah sehat, kuat, dan ulet serta besar tekadnya dalam menghadapi segala tantangan dalam hidup dan dalam menempuh segala ujian dan kesukaran untuk mengabdi pada tanah air dan bangsa Indonesia.

    3.Nyiur dapat tumbuh dimana saja, yang membuktikan besarnya daya upaya dalam menyesuaikan diri dalam mesy dimana dia berada dan dalam keadaan bagaimanapun juga.

    4.Nyiur tumbuh menjulang lurus ke atas dan merupakan salah satu pohon yang tertinggi di Indonesia. Jadi lambang itu mengkiaskan bahwa tiap pramuka mempunyai cita-cita yang tinggi dan lurus, yakni yang mulia dan jujur, dan dia tetap tegak tidak mudah diombang-ambingkan oleh sesuatu.

    5.Akar nyiur tumbuh kuat dan erat di dalam tanah. Jadi lambang itu mengkiaskan tekad dan keyakinan tiap pramuka yang berpegang pada dasar-dasar dan landasan-landasan yang baik, benar, kuat dan nyata ialah tekad dan keyakinan yang dipakai olehnya untuk memperkuat diri guna mencapai cita-citanya.

    6.Nyiur adalah pohon yang serba guna dari ujung atas hingga akarnya. Jadi lambang itu mengkiaskan bahwa tiap pramuka adalah manusia yang berguna, dan membaktikan diri dan kegunaannya kepada kepentingan tanah air, bangsa dan negara Republik Indonesia serta kepada umat manusia.

    SKU penegak Bantara point 8
    Tahu arti Pancasila.

    Lambang kebangsaan Indonesia adalah Garuda Pancasila
    Arti perisai ditengah melambangkan perthanan Indonesia. adapun arti perisai didalam lambang Garuda Pancasila adalah :
    1. Lambang Bintang melambangkan sila pertama yaitu Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa, Yang artinya sebagai Rakyat Indonesia kita harus percaya akan adanya Tuhan Yang Maha Esa. Karena Di Indonesia terdapat 5 agama yaitu : Islam, Protestan, Katholik, Hindu, dan Budha maka kita harus saling menghormati antar pemeluk agama laon.
    2. Lambang Kepala Banteng melambangkan sila Ke dua yaitu Kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab, artinya kita sebagai rakyat Imdonesia harus memiliki hati nurani yang kuat, saling tolng menolong serta memiliki jiwa yang bertanggung jawab terhadap keluarga,masyarakat Nusa dan bangsa.
    3.Lambang Pohon beringin melambangkan sila ke tiga yaitu Persatuan Indonesia , yang artinya Dalam jiwa setiap manusia Indonesia  tertanam persatuan  yang kokoh. karena dengan persatuan bangsa maka  kedaulatan NKRI bisa kita pertahankan.
    4. Lambang Rantai melambangkan  sila ke empat yaitu  Kerakyatan yang dipimpin oleh hikmat kebijaksanaan dalam permusyawaratan perwakilan, artinya kita dituntut untuk dapat bermusyawarah untuk mendapatkan keputusan yang manfaat bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia.
    5. Lambang Padi dan Kapas melambangkan sila ke lima yaitu Keadlan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia, artinya kita sebagai rakyat Indonesia harus bahu membahu menagakkan keadilan dia dallam negeri tercinta ini, karena dengan menjunjung keadilan maka akan tercipta keselarasan kehuidupan berbangsa dan bernegara.

    Arti Jumlah Bulu Pada Lambang Garuda Pancasila :
    1. Jumlah bulu pada masing masing sayap berjumlah 17 melambangkan tanggal kemerdekaan Indonesia
    2. Jumlah bulu pada ekor berjumlah 8 buah melambangkan bulan Agustus yaitu bulan kemerdekaan Indonesia
    3. Jumlah bulu pada pangkal ekor berjumlah 19 dan jumlah bulu pada leher berjumlah 45 melambangkan tahun kemerdekaan Indonesia.

    Arti warna pada Lambang Garuda Pancasila
    Warna emas yang melambangkan kejayaan
    warna merah artinya berani
    warna putih artinya suci

    Semboyan Bhineka tTunggal Ika yang berarti walau berbeda-beda tapi tetap satu jua

    SKU penegak Bantara point 9
    Tahu sejarah dan arti kiasan warna-warna bendera kebangsaan Indonesia, serta dapat mengibarkan dan menurunkannya dalam upacara.

    SEJARAH
    Warna merah-putih bendera negara diambil dari warna Kerajaan Majapahit. Sebenarnya tidak hanya kerajaan Majapahit saja yang memakai bendera merah putih sebagai lambang kebesaran. Sebelum Majapahit, kerajaan Kediri telah memakai panji-panji merah putih. Selain itu, bendera perang Sisingamangaraja IX dari tanah Batak pun memakai warna merah putih sebagai warna benderanya , bergambar pedang kembar warna putih dengan dasar merah menyala dan putih. Warna merah dan putih ini adalah bendera perang Sisingamangaraja XII. Dua pedang kembar melambangkan piso gaja dompak, pusaka raja-raja Sisingamangaraja I-XII. Ketika terjadi perang di Aceh, pejuang – pejuang Aceh telah menggunakan bendera perang berupa umbul-umbul dengan warna merah dan putih, di bagian belakang diaplikasikan gambar pedang, bulan sabit, matahari, dan bintang serta beberapa ayat suci Al Quran.Di zaman kerajaan Bugis Bone,Sulawesi Selatan sebelum Arung Palakka, bendera Merah Putih, adalah simbol kekuasaan dan kebesaran kerajaan Bone.Bendera Bone itu dikenal dengan nama Woromporang.Pada waktu perang Jawa (1825-1830 M) Pangeran Diponegoro memakai panji-panji berwarna merah putih dalam perjuangannya melawan Belanda. Kemudian, warna-warna yang dihidupkan kembali oleh para mahasiswa dan kemudian nasionalis di awal abad 20 sebagai ekspresi nasionalisme terhadap Belanda. Bendera merah putih digunakan untuk pertama kalinya di Jawa pada tahun 1928. Di bawah pemerintahan kolonialisme, bendera itu dilarang digunakan. Sistem ini diadopsi sebagai bendera nasional pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, ketika kemerdekaan diumumkan dan telah digunakan sejak saat itu pula.


    ARTI WARNA BENDERA NEGARA
    warna bendera merah putih
    warna merah artinya berani
    warna putih artinya suci

    Ukuran bendera merah putih
      1. 200 cm x 300 cm untuk penggunaan di lapangan istana kepresidenan;
      2. 120 cm x 180 cm untuk penggunaan di lapangan umum;
      3. 100 cm x 150 cm untuk penggunaan di ruangan;
      4. 36 cm x 54 cm untuk penggunaan di mobil Presiden dan Wakil Presiden;
      5. 30 cm x 45 cm untuk penggunaan di mobil pejabat negara;
      6. 20 cm x 30 cm untuk penggunaan di kendaraan umum;
      7. 100 cm x 150 cm untuk penggunaan di kapal;
      8. 100 cm x 150 cm untuk penggunaan di kereta api;
      9. 30 cm x 45 cm untuk penggunaan di pesawat udara;dan
     10. 10 cm x 15 cm untuk penggunaan di meja.

    SKU penegak Bantara point 10
    Dapat dengan hafal menyanyikan lagu kebangsaan Indonesia Raya bait pertama di muka orang banyak, dan tahu sikap yang harus dilakukan jika lagu kebangsaan diperdengarkan atau           dinyanyikan pada suatu upacara.


    Indonesia Raya
    ciptaan Wage Rudolf Supratman

    bait I
    Indonesia Tanah Airku,
    Tanah Tumpah Darahku,
    Disanalah Aku Berdiri
    Jadi Pandu Ibuku,
    Indonesia, Kebangsaanku,
    Bangsa Dan Tanah Airku,
    Marilah Kita Berseru,
    Indonesia Bersatu!
    Hiduplah Tanahku,
    Hiduplah Negriku,
    Bangsaku, Rakyatku semuanya!
    Bangunlah Jiwanya,
    Bangunlah Badannya,
    Untuk Indonesia Raya!

    bait II
    Indonesia, Tanah Yang Mulia,
    Tanah Kita Yang Kaya,
    Disanalah Aku Berdiri,
    Untuk Slama-lamanya,
    Indonesia Tanah Pusaka,
    Pusaka Kita Semuanya,
    Marilah Kita Mendoa
    Indonesia Bahagia!
    Suburlah Tanahnya,
    Suburlah Jiwanya,
    Bangsanya, Rakyatnya, Semuanya!
    Sadarlah Hatinya,
    Sadarlah Budinya,
    Untuk Indonesia Raya!

    bait III
    Indonesia, Tanah Yang Suci,
    Tanah Kita Yang Sakti,
    Disanalah Aku Berdiri,
    Menjaga Ibu Sejati,
    Indonesia Tanah Berseri,
    Tanah Yang Aku Sayangi,
    Marilah Kita Berjanji,
    Indonesia Abadi!
    Slamatlah Rakyatnya,
    Slamatlah Putranya,
    Pulaunya, Lautnya, Semuanya!
    Majulah Negrinya,
    Majulah Pandunya,
    Untuk Indonesia Raya!

    reff:
    Indonesia Raya, Merdeka, Merdeka,
    Tanahku, Negriku Yang Kucinta,
    Indonesia Raya, Merdeka, Merdeka,
    Hiduplah Indonesia Raya!
    Indonesia Raya, Merdeka, Merdeka,
    Tanahku, Negriku Yang Kucinta,
    Indonesia Raya, Merdeka, Merdeka,
    Hiduplah Indonesia Raya!


    Sikap yang harus kita lakukan adalah
    1. mengakkan pandangan hal ini berarti bahwa kta memiliki semangat nasionalisme yang kuat
    2. Sikap tegas hal ini memaknai bahwa perjuangan untuk mendapatkan kemerdekaan indonesia sangatlah sulit dan penuh perjuangan.

    Kongres Pemuda II
    Gagasan penyelenggaraan Kongres Pemuda Kedua berasal dari Perhimpunan Pelajar Pelajar Indonesia (PPPI), sebuah organisasi pemuda yang beranggota pelajar dari seluruh Indonesia. Atas inisiatif PPPI, kongres dilaksanakan di tiga gedung yang berbeda dan dibagi dalam tiga kali rapat.

    Rapat pertama, Sabtu, 27 Oktober 1928, di Gedung Katholieke Jongenlingen Bond (KJB), Waterlooplein (sekarang Lapangan Banteng). Dalam sambutannya, ketua PPI Sugondo Djojopuspito berharap kongres ini dapat memperkuat semangat persatuan dalam sanubari para pemuda. Acara dilanjutkan dengan uraian Moehammad Yamin tentang arti dan hubungan persatuan dengan pemuda. Menurutnya, ada lima faktor yang bisa memperkuat persatuan Indonesia yaitu sejarah, bahasa, hukum adat, pendidikan, dan kemauan

    Rapat kedua, Minggu, 28 Oktober 1928, di Gedung Oost-Java Bioscoop, membahas masalah pendidikan. Kedua pembicara, Poernomowoelan dan Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro, berpendapat bahwa anak harus mendapat pendidikan kebangsaan, harus pula ada keseimbangan antara pendidikan di sekolah dan di rumah. Anak juga harus dididik secara demokratis.

    Pada rapat penutup, di gedung Indonesische Clubgebouw di Jalan Kramat Raya 106, Sunario menjelaskan pentingnya nasionalisme dan demokrasi selain gerakan kepanduan. Sedangkan Ramelan mengemukakan, gerakan kepanduan tidak bisa dipisahkan dari pergerakan nasional. Gerakan kepanduan sejak dini mendidik anak-anak disiplin dan mandiri, hal-hal yang dibutuhkan dalam perjuangan.

    Sebelum kongres ditutup diperdengarkan lagu "Indonesia Raya" karya Wage Rudolf Supratman yang dimainkan dengan biola saja tanpa syair, atas saran Sugondo kepada Supratman. Lagu tersebut disambut dengan sangat meriah oleh peserta kongres. Kongres ditutup dengan mengumumkan rumusan hasil kongres. Oleh para pemuda yang hadir, rumusan itu diucapkan sebagai Sumpah Setia.
    Peserta

    Para peserta Kongres Pemuda II ini berasal dari berbagai wakil organisasi pemuda yang ada pada waktu itu, seperti Jong Java, Jong Ambon, Jong Celebes, Jong Batak, Jong Sumatranen Bond, Jong Islamieten Bond, PPPI, Pemuda Kaum Betawi, dll. Di antara mereka hadir pula beberapa orang pemuda Tionghoa sebagai pengamat, yaitu Oey Kay Siang, John Lauw Tjoan Hok dan Tjio Djien Kwie serta Kwee Thiam Hiong sebagai seorang wakil dari Jong Sumatranen Bond. Diprakarsai oleh AR Baswedan pemuda keturunan arab di Indonesia mengadakan kongres di Semarang dan mengumandangkan Sumpah Pemuda Keturunan Arab.
    71 Pengikrar Sumpah Pemuda

    Sugondo Djojopuspito, Poernomowoelan, Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro, Moehammad Yamin, Sunario,
    Johanna Masdani Tumbuan

    Johanna Masdani Tumbuan termasuk di antara 71 pemuda yang hadir dalam Kongres Pemuda Kedua, Oktober 1928 dan turut serta mengikrarkan Sumpah Pemuda yang berlangsung di sebuah gedung yang terletak di Jalan Kramat Raya no. 106 Jakarta Pusat.

    Selain itu, Jo -- demikian ia biasa dipanggil -- juga menjadi seorang saksi sejarah detik-detik Proklamasi Indonesia yang dilakukan oleh Bung Karno dan Bung Hatta pada 17 Agustus 1945. Johanna Masdani Tumbuan juga ikut serta menyusun konsep pembangunan Tugu Proklamasi yang sederhana di depan rumah Bung Karno di Jl. Pegangsaan Timur (kini Jl. Proklamasi) no. 56, Jakarta. Tugu ini kemudian dibongkar oleh Bung Karno, namun dibangun kembali pada tahun 1980-an. Baca juga pada Sejarah Perjuangan Pemuda Indonesia dan Sumpah Pemuda oleh David DS Lumoindong.

    Arti Isi Sumpah Pemuda
    Pertama
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku bertumpah darah yang satu, tanah air Indonesia.
    Artinya sebagai pemuda pemudi generasi penerus bangsa kita harus menyadari bahwa kita satu darah satu keturunan yang berasal dari keturunan Indonesia untuk itu jangan sampai ada pertumpahan darah diantara bangsa sendiri.
    Kedua
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku berbangsa yang satu, bangsa Indonesia.
    artinya generasi penerus bangsa harus mengakui bahwa kita adalah bangsa indonesia kta tidak boleh bersikap sukuisme yang dapat memecah persatuan dan kesatuan bangsa.
    Ketiga
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, menjunjung tinggi bahasa persatuan, bahasa Indonesia.
    artinya kita sebagai generasi muda selalu menjunjung timggi bahasa Indonesia, harus bangga terhadap bahasa Indonesia.

    SKU penegak Bantara point 11
    Tahu arti lambang Negara Republik Indonesia.
    Lambang kebangsaan Indonesia adalah Garuda Pancasila
    Arti perisai ditengah melambangkan perthanan Indonesia. adapun arti perisai didalam lambang Garuda Pancasila adalah :
    1. Lambang Bintang melambangkan sila pertama yaitu Ketuhanan Yang Maha Esa, Yang artinya sebagai Rakyat Indonesia kita harus percaya akan adanya Tuhan Yang Maha Esa. Karena Di Indonesia terdapat 5 agama yaitu : Islam, Protestan, Katholik, Hindu, dan Budha maka kita harus saling menghormati antar pemeluk agama laon.
    2. Lambang Kepala Banteng melambangkan sila Ke dua yaitu Kemanusiaan yang adil dan beradab, artinya kita sebagai rakyat Imdonesia harus memiliki hati nurani yang kuat, saling tolng menolong serta memiliki jiwa yang bertanggung jawab terhadap keluarga,masyarakat Nusa dan bangsa.
    3.Lambang Pohon beringin melambangkan sila ke tiga yaitu Persatuan Indonesia , yang artinya Dalam jiwa setiap manusia Indonesia tertanam persatuan yang kokoh. karena dengan persatuan bangsa maka kedaulatan NKRI bisa kita pertahankan.
    4. Lambang Rantai melambangkan sila ke empat yaitu Kerakyatan yang dipimpin oleh hikmat kebijaksanaan dalam permusyawaratan perwakilan, artinya kita dituntut untuk dapat bermusyawarah untuk mendapatkan keputusan yang manfaat bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia.
    5. Lambang Padi dan Kapas melambangkan sila ke lima yaitu Keadlan sosial bagi seluruh rakyat Indonesia, artinya kita sebagai rakyat Indonesia harus bahu membahu menagakkan keadilan dia dallam negeri tercinta ini, karena dengan menjunjung keadilan maka akan tercipta keselarasan kehuidupan berbangsa dan bernegara.

    Arti Jumlah Bulu Pada Lambang Garuda Pancasila :
    1. Jumlah bulu pada masing masing sayap berjumlah 17 melambangkan tanggal kemerdekaan Indonesia
    2. Jumlah bulu pada ekor berjumlah 8 buah melambangkan bulan Agustus yaitu bulan kemerdekaan Indonesia
    3. Jumlah bulu pada pangkal ekor berjumlah 19 dan jumlah bulu pada leher berjumlah 45 melambangkan tahun kemerdekaan Indonesia.

    Arti warna pada Lambang Garuda Pancasila
    Warna emas yang melambangkan kejayaan
    warna merah artinya berani
    warna putih artinya suci

    Semboyan Bhineka tTunggal Ika yang berarti walau berbeda-beda tapi tetap satu jua

    SKU penegak Bantara point 12
    Biasa berbahasa Indonesia di waktu mengikuti pertemuan-pertemuan Penegak.



    Dalam setiap pertemuan dalam musyawarah sebagai calon penegak Bantara hrus bisa membiasakan diri untuk memakai bahasa persatuan , bahasa Indonesia.

    SKU penegak Bantara point 13
    Tahu arti dan sejarah Sumpah Pemuda.

    Sumpah Pemuda versi orisinal:

       Pertama
       Kami poetera dan poeteri Indonesia, mengakoe bertoempah darah jang satoe, tanah Indonesia.
       Kedoea
       Kami poetera dan poeteri Indonesia, mengakoe berbangsa jang satoe, bangsa Indonesia.
       Ketiga
       Kami poetera dan poeteri Indonesia, mendjoendjoeng bahasa persatoean, bahasa Indonesia.

    Sumpah Pemuda versi Ejaan Yang Disempurnakan:

       Pertama
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku bertumpah darah yang satu, tanah air Indonesia.
       Kedua
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku berbangsa yang satu, bangsa Indonesia.
       Ketiga
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, menjunjung tinggi bahasa persatuan, bahasa Indonesia.

    Kongres Pemuda II

    Gagasan penyelenggaraan Kongres Pemuda Kedua berasal dari Perhimpunan Pelajar Pelajar Indonesia (PPPI), sebuah organisasi pemuda yang beranggota pelajar dari seluruh Indonesia. Atas inisiatif PPPI, kongres dilaksanakan di tiga gedung yang berbeda dan dibagi dalam tiga kali rapat.

    Rapat pertama, Sabtu, 27 Oktober 1928, di Gedung Katholieke Jongenlingen Bond (KJB), Waterlooplein (sekarang Lapangan Banteng). Dalam sambutannya, ketua PPI Sugondo Djojopuspito berharap kongres ini dapat memperkuat semangat persatuan dalam sanubari para pemuda. Acara dilanjutkan dengan uraian Moehammad Yamin tentang arti dan hubungan persatuan dengan pemuda. Menurutnya, ada lima faktor yang bisa memperkuat persatuan Indonesia yaitu sejarah, bahasa, hukum adat, pendidikan, dan kemauan

    Rapat kedua, Minggu, 28 Oktober 1928, di Gedung Oost-Java Bioscoop, membahas masalah pendidikan. Kedua pembicara, Poernomowoelan dan Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro, berpendapat bahwa anak harus mendapat pendidikan kebangsaan, harus pula ada keseimbangan antara pendidikan di sekolah dan di rumah. Anak juga harus dididik secara demokratis.

    Pada rapat penutup, di gedung Indonesische Clubgebouw di Jalan Kramat Raya 106, Sunario menjelaskan pentingnya nasionalisme dan demokrasi selain gerakan kepanduan. Sedangkan Ramelan mengemukakan, gerakan kepanduan tidak bisa dipisahkan dari pergerakan nasional. Gerakan kepanduan sejak dini mendidik anak-anak disiplin dan mandiri, hal-hal yang dibutuhkan dalam perjuangan.

    Sebelum kongres ditutup diperdengarkan lagu "Indonesia Raya" karya Wage Rudolf Supratman yang dimainkan dengan biola saja tanpa syair, atas saran Sugondo kepada Supratman. Lagu tersebut disambut dengan sangat meriah oleh peserta kongres. Kongres ditutup dengan mengumumkan rumusan hasil kongres. Oleh para pemuda yang hadir, rumusan itu diucapkan sebagai Sumpah Setia.
    Peserta

    Para peserta Kongres Pemuda II ini berasal dari berbagai wakil organisasi pemuda yang ada pada waktu itu, seperti Jong Java, Jong Ambon, Jong Celebes, Jong Batak, Jong Sumatranen Bond, Jong Islamieten Bond, PPPI, Pemuda Kaum Betawi, dll. Di antara mereka hadir pula beberapa orang pemuda Tionghoa sebagai pengamat, yaitu Oey Kay Siang, John Lauw Tjoan Hok dan Tjio Djien Kwie serta Kwee Thiam Hiong sebagai seorang wakil dari Jong Sumatranen Bond. Diprakarsai oleh AR Baswedan pemuda keturunan arab di Indonesia mengadakan kongres di Semarang dan mengumandangkan Sumpah Pemuda Keturunan Arab.
    71 Pengikrar Sumpah Pemuda

    Sugondo Djojopuspito, Poernomowoelan, Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro, Moehammad Yamin, Sunario,
    Johanna Masdani Tumbuan

    Johanna Masdani Tumbuan termasuk di antara 71 pemuda yang hadir dalam Kongres Pemuda Kedua, Oktober 1928 dan turut serta mengikrarkan Sumpah Pemuda yang berlangsung di sebuah gedung yang terletak di Jalan Kramat Raya no. 106 Jakarta Pusat.

    Selain itu, Jo -- demikian ia biasa dipanggil -- juga menjadi seorang saksi sejarah detik-detik Proklamasi Indonesia yang dilakukan oleh Bung Karno dan Bung Hatta pada 17 Agustus 1945. Johanna Masdani Tumbuan juga ikut serta menyusun konsep pembangunan Tugu Proklamasi yang sederhana di depan rumah Bung Karno di Jl. Pegangsaan Timur (kini Jl. Proklamasi) no. 56, Jakarta. Tugu ini kemudian dibongkar oleh Bung Karno, namun dibangun kembali pada tahun 1980-an. Baca juga pada Sejarah Perjuangan Pemuda Indonesia dan Sumpah Pemuda oleh David DS Lumoindong.


    Arti Isi Sumpah Pemuda
    Pertama
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku bertumpah darah yang satu, tanah air Indonesia.
    Artinya sebagai pemuda pemudi generasi penerus bangsa kita harus menyadari bahwa kita satu darah satu keturunan yang berasal dari keturunan Indonesia untuk itu jangan sampai ada pertumpahan darah diantara bangsa sendiri.
    Kedua
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku berbangsa yang satu, bangsa Indonesia.
    artinya generasi penerus bangsa harus mengakui bahwa kita adalah bangsa indonesia kta tidak boleh bersikap sukuisme yang dapat memecah persatuan dan kesatuan bangsa.
    Ketiga
       Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, menjunjung tinggi bahasa persatuan, bahasa Indonesia.
    artinya kita sebagai generasi muda selalu menjunjung timggi bahasa Indonesia, harus bangga terhadap bahasa Indonesia.

    SKU penegak Bantara point 14
    Tahu perjuangan bangsa Indonesia dan rencana pembangunan Pemerintah.

    Kolonisasi VOC
    Mulai tahun 1602 Belanda secara perlahan-lahan menjadi penguasa wilayah yang kini adalah Indonesia, dengan memanfaatkan perpecahan di antara kerajaan-kerajaan kecil yang telah menggantikan Majapahit. Satu-satunya yang tidak terpengaruh adalah Timor Portugis, yang tetap dikuasai Portugal hingga 1975 ketika berintegrasi menjadi provinsi Indonesia bernama Timor Timur. Belanda menguasai Indonesia selama hampir 350 tahun, kecuali untuk suatu masa pendek di mana sebagian kecil dari Indonesia dikuasai Britania setelah Perang Jawa Britania-Belanda dan masa penjajahan Jepang pada masa Perang Dunia II. Sewaktu menjajah Indonesia, Belanda mengembangkan Hindia-Belanda menjadi salah satu kekuasaan kolonial terkaya di dunia. 350 tahun penjajahan Belanda bagi sebagian orang adalah mitos belaka karena wilayah Aceh baru ditaklukkan kemudian setelah Belanda mendekati kebangkrutannya.


    Pada abad ke-17 dan 18 Hindia-Belanda tidak dikuasai secara langsung oleh pemerintah Belanda namun oleh perusahaan dagang bernama Perusahaan Hindia Timur Belanda (bahasa Belanda: Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie atau VOC). VOC telah diberikan hak monopoli terhadap perdagangan dan aktivitas kolonial di wilayah tersebut oleh Parlemen Belanda pada tahun 1602. Markasnya berada di Batavia, yang kini bernama Jakarta.

    Tujuan utama VOC adalah mempertahankan monopolinya terhadap perdagangan rempah-rempah di Nusantara. Hal ini dilakukan melalui penggunaan dan ancaman kekerasan terhadap penduduk di kepulauan-kepulauan penghasil rempah-rempah, dan terhadap orang-orang non-Belanda yang mencoba berdagang dengan para penduduk tersebut. Contohnya, ketika penduduk Kepulauan Banda terus menjual biji pala kepada pedagang Inggris, pasukan Belanda membunuh atau mendeportasi hampir seluruh populasi dan kemudian mempopulasikan pulau-pulau tersebut dengan pembantu-pembantu atau budak-budak yang bekerja di perkebunan pala.

    VOC menjadi terlibat dalam politik internal Jawa pada masa ini, dan bertempur dalam beberapa peperangan yang melibatkan pemimpin Mataram dan Banten.
    Kolonisasi pemerintah Belanda


    Setelah VOC jatuh bangkrut pada akhir abad ke-18 dan setelah kekuasaan Britania yang pendek di bawah Thomas Stamford Raffles, pemerintah Belanda mengambil alih kepemilikan VOC pada tahun 1816. Sebuah pemberontakan di Jawa berhasil ditumpas dalam Perang Diponegoro pada tahun 1825-1830. Setelah tahun 1830 sistem tanam paksa yang dikenal sebagai cultuurstelsel dalam bahasa Belanda mulai diterapkan. Dalam sistem ini, para penduduk dipaksa menanam hasil-hasil perkebunan yang menjadi permintaan pasar dunia pada saat itu, seperti teh, kopi dll. Hasil tanaman itu kemudian diekspor ke mancanegara. Sistem ini membawa kekayaan yang besar kepada para pelaksananya - baik yang Belanda maupun yang Indonesia. Sistem tanam paksa ini adalah monopoli pemerintah dan dihapuskan pada masa yang lebih bebas setelah 1870.

    Pada 1901 pihak Belanda mengadopsi apa yang mereka sebut Politik Etis (bahasa Belanda: Ethische Politiek), yang termasuk investasi yang lebih besar dalam pendidikan bagi orang-orang pribumi, dan sedikit perubahan politik. Di bawah gubernur-jendral J.B. van Heutsz pemerintah Hindia-Belanda memperpanjang kekuasaan kolonial secara langsung di sepanjang Hindia-Belanda, dan dengan itu mendirikan fondasi bagi negara Indonesia saat ini.
    Gerakan nasionalisme

    Pada 1905 gerakan nasionalis yang pertama, Serikat Dagang Islam dibentuk dan kemudian diikuti pada tahun 1908 oleh gerakan nasionalis berikutnya, Budi Utomo. Belanda merespon hal tersebut setelah Perang Dunia I dengan langkah-langkah penindasan. Para pemimpin nasionalis berasal dari kelompok kecil yang terdiri dari profesional muda dan pelajar, yang beberapa di antaranya telah dididik di Belanda. Banyak dari mereka yang dipenjara karena kegiatan politis, termasuk Presiden Indonesia yang pertama, Soekarno.
     Perang Dunia II

    Pada Mei 1940, awal Perang Dunia II, Belanda diduduki oleh Nazi Jerman. Hindia-Belanda mengumumkan keadaan siaga dan di Juli mengalihkan ekspor untuk Jepang ke Amerika Serikat dan Britania. Negosiasi dengan Jepang yang bertujuan untuk mengamankan persediaan bahan bakar pesawat gagal di Juni 1941, dan Jepang memulai penaklukan Asia Tenggara di bulan Desember tahun itu. Di bulan yang sama, faksi dari Sumatra menerima bantuan Jepang untuk mengadakan revolusi terhadap pemerintahan Belanda. Pasukan Belanda yang terakhir dikalahkan Jepang pada Maret 1942.
    Pendudukan Jepang


    Pada Juli 1942, Soekarno menerima tawaran Jepang untuk mengadakan kampanye publik dan membentuk pemerintahan yang juga dapat memberikan jawaban terhadap kebutuhan militer Jepang. Soekarno, Mohammad Hatta, dan para Kyai memperoleh penghormatan dari Kaisar Jepang pada tahun 1943. Tetapi, pengalaman dari penguasaan Jepang di Indonesia sangat bervariasi, tergantung di mana seseorang hidup dan status sosial orang tersebut. Bagi yang tinggal di daerah yang dianggap penting dalam peperangan, mereka mengalami siksaan, terlibat perbudakan seks, penahanan sembarang dan hukuman mati, dan kejahatan perang lainnya. Orang Belanda dan campuran Indonesia-Belanda merupakan target sasaran dalam penguasaan Jepang.

    Pada Maret 1945 Jepang membentuk Badan Penyelidik Usaha Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (BPUPKI). Pada pertemuan pertamanya di bulan Mei, Soepomo membicarakan integrasi nasional dan melawan individualisme perorangan; sementara itu Muhammad Yamin mengusulkan bahwa negara baru tersebut juga sekaligus mengklaim Sarawak, Sabah, Malaya, Portugis Timur, dan seluruh wilayah Hindia-Belanda sebelum perang.

    Pada 9 Agustus 1945 Soekarno, Hatta dan Radjiman Widjodiningrat diterbangkan ke Vietnam untuk bertemu Marsekal Terauchi. Mereka dikabarkan bahwa pasukan Jepang sedang menuju kehancuran tetapi Jepang menginginkan kemerdekaan Indonesia pada 24 Agustus.
    Era kemerdekaan
    Proklamasi kemerdekaan

    Mendengar kabar bahwa Jepang tidak lagi mempunyai kekuatan untuk membuat keputusan seperti itu pada 16 Agustus, Soekarno membacakan "Proklamasi" pada hari berikutnya. Kabar mengenai proklamasi menyebar melalui radio dan selebaran sementara pasukan militer Indonesia pada masa perang, Pasukan Pembela Tanah Air (PETA), para pemuda, dan lainnya langsung berangkat mempertahankan kediaman Soekarno.

    Pada 18 Agustus 1945 Panitia Persiapan Kemerdekaan Indonesia (PPKI) melantik Soekarno sebagai Presiden dan Mohammad Hatta sebagai Wakil Presiden dengan menggunakan konstitusi yang dirancang beberapa hari sebelumnya. Kemudian dibentuk Komite Nasional Indonesia Pusat (KNIP) sebagai parlemen sementara hingga pemilu dapat dilaksanakan. Kelompok ini mendeklarasikan pemerintahan baru pada 31 Agustus dan menghendaki Republik Indonesia yang terdiri dari 8 provinsi: Sumatra, Kalimantan (tidak termasuk wilayah Sabah, Sarawak dan Brunei), Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur, Sulawesi, Maluku (termasuk Papua) dan Nusa Tenggara.

    Perang kemerdekaan
    Dari 1945 hingga 1949, persatuan kelautan Australia yang bersimpati dengan usaha kemerdekaan, melarang segala pelayaran Belanda sepanjang konflik ini agar Belanda tidak mempunyai dukungan logistik maupun suplai yang diperlukan untuk membentuk kembali kekuasaan kolonial.

    Usaha Belanda untuk kembali berkuasa dihadapi perlawanan yang kuat. Setelah kembali ke Jawa, pasukan Belanda segera merebut kembali ibukota kolonial Batavia, akibatnya para nasionalis menjadikan Yogyakarta sebagai ibukota mereka. Pada 27 Desember 1949 (lihat artikel tentang 27 Desember 1949), setelah 4 tahun peperangan dan negosiasi, Ratu Juliana dari Belanda memindahkan kedaulatan kepada pemerintah Federal Indonesia. Pada 1950, Indonesia menjadi anggota ke-60 PBB

    Untuk Pembangunan Di Indonesia telah dilakukan beberapa tahap Pembangunan yang terkenal adalah pembangunan Jangka panjang yaitu Repelita
    1.Repelita I (1969 – 1974) bertujuan memenuhi kebutuhan dasar dan infrastruktur dengan penekanan pada bidang pertanian.
    2.Repelita II (1974 – 1979) bertujuan meningkatkan pembangunan di pulau-pulau selain Jawa, Bali dan Madura, di antaranya melalui transmigrasi.
    3.Repelita III (1979 – 1984) menekankan bidang industri padat karya untuk meningkatkan ekspor.
    4.Repelita IV (1984 – 1989) bertujuan menciptakan lapangan kerja baru dan industri.
    5.Repelita V (1989 – 1994) menekankan bidang transportasi, komunikasi dan pendidikan.


    SKU penegak Bantara point 15
    Tahu susunan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia dari Pusat sampai ke Desa.

    Pemerintah Pusat
    Konstitutif
    # Majelis Permusyawaran Rakyat
    Legislatif
    # Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat
    # Dewan Perwakilan Daerah
    Eksekutif
    # Presiden
    # Wakil Presiden
    # Kementrian
    # Lembaga Pementrian Nonkementrian
    # Lembaga Nonstruktural
    Yudikatif
    # Mahkamah Agung
    # Mahkamah Konstitusi
    # komisi Yudisial


    Tingkat daerah I
    DPRD (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat Daerah) Provinsi
    Gubernur
    wakil Gubernur


    Daerah Tingkat II
    DPRD Kabupaten
    Bupati/Walikota
    Wakil Bupati?walikota

    Tingkat Kecamatan
    Camat
    sekretaris camat

    Tingkat desa/kelurahan
    lurah
    carek

    SKU penegak Bantara point 16
    PERATURAN BARIS BARIS (P.B.B)
    Peraturan Baris Berbaris yang digunakan di lingkungan Pramuka ada dua macam yakni Baris berbaris menggunakan tongkat dan tanpa tongkat. Untuk baris berbaris menggunakan tongkat memiliki tata cara tersendiri di lingkungan Pramuka. Adapun baris berbaris tanpa menggunakan tongkat mengikuti tata cara yang telah diatur dalam Peraturan Baris Berbaris milik TNI/POLRI .

    Apa itu Baris Baerbaris ?

      1. Baris Berbaris

    a.       Pengertian

    Baris berbaris adalah suatu ujud latuhan fisik, yang diperlukan guna menanamkan kebiasaan dalam tata cara kehidupan yang diarahkan kepada terbentuknya suatu perwatakan tertentu.

    b.      Maksud dan tujuan

    1)      Guna menumbuhkan sikap jasmani yang tegap tangkas, rasa disiplin dan rasa tanggung jawab.

    2)      Yang dimaksud dengan menumbuhkan sikap jasmani yang tegap tangkas adalah mengarahkan pertumbuhan tubuh yang diperlukan oleh tugas pokok, sehingga secara jasmani dapat menjalankan tugas pokok tersebut dengan sempurna.

    3)      Yang dimaksud rasa persatuan adalah adanya rasa senasib sepenanggungan serta ikatan yang sangat diperlukan dalam menjalankan tugas.

    4)      Yang dimaksud rasa disiplin adalah mengutamakan kepentingan tugas di atas kepentingan pribadi yang pada hakikatnya tidak lain daripada keikhlasan penyisihan pilihan hati sendiri.

    5)      Yang dimaksud rasa tanggung jawab adalah keberanian untuk bertindak yang mengandung resiko terhadap dirinya, tetapi menguntungkan tugas atau sebaliknya tidak mudah melakukan tindakan-tindakan yang akan dapat merugikan.

       1. Aba-aba

    a.       Pengertian

    Aba-aba adalah suatu perintah yang diberikan oleh seseorang Pemimpin kepada yang dipimpin untuk dilaksanakannya pada waktunya secara serentak atau berturut-turut.

    b.      Macam aba-aba

    Ada tiga macam aba-aba yaitu :

    1)      Aba-aba petunjuk

    2)      Aba-aba peringatan

    3)      Aba-aba pelaksanaan

    1.      Aba-aba petunjuk dipergunakan hanya jika perlu untuk menegaskan maksud daripada aba-aba peringatan/pelaksanaan.

    Contoh:

    a)      Kepada Pemimpin Upacara-Hormat - GERAK

    b)      Untuk amanat-istirahat di tempat - GERAK

    2.      Aba-aba peringatan adalah inti perintah yang cukup jelas, untuk dapat dilaksanakan tanpa ragu-ragu.

    Contoh:

    a)      Lencang kanan - GERAK

    (bukan lancang kanan)

    b)      Istirahat di tempat - GERAK (bukan ditempat istirahat)

    3.      Aba-aba pelaksanaan adalah ketegasan mengenai saat untuk melaksanakan aba-aba pelaksanan yang dipakai ialah:

    a)      GERAK

    b)      JALAN

    c)      MULAI

    a.       GERAK: adalah untuk gerakan-gerakan kaki yang dilakukan tanpa meninggalkan tempat dan gerakan-gerakan yang memakai anggota tubuh lain.

    Contoh:

    -jalan ditempat          -GERAK

    -siap                            -GERAK

    -hadap kanan              -GERAK

    -lencang kanan            -GERAK

    b.      JALAN: adalah utuk gerakan-gerakan kaki yang dilakukan dengan meninggalkan tempat.

    Contoh:

    -haluan kanan/kiri                    - JALAN

    -dua langkah ke depan -JALAN

    -satu langkah ke belakang        - JALAN

    Catatan:

    Apabila gerakan meninggalkan tempat itu tidak dibatasi jaraknya, maka aba-aba harus didahului dengan aba-aba peringatan –MAJU

    Contoh:

     -maju                                     - JALAN

     -haluan kanan/kiri                   - JALAN

     -hadap kanan/kiri maju           - JALAN

     -melintang kanan/kiri maju       -J ALAN

    Tentang istilah: “maju”

    ·  Pada dasarnya digunakan sebagai aba-aba peringatan terhadap pasukan dalam keadaan berhenti.

    ·  Pasukan yang sedang bergerak maju, bilamana harus berhenti dapat diberikan aba-aba HENTI.

    Misalnya:

    ·  Ada aba-aba hadap kanan/kiri maju - JALAN karena dapat pula diberikan aba-aba : hadap kanan/kiri henti GERAK.

    ·  Ada aba-aba hadap kanan/kiri maju-JALAN karena dapat pula diberikan aba-aba : hadap kanan/kiri henti GERAK.

    ·  Balik kana maju/JALAN, karena dapat pula diberikan aba-aba : balik kana henti-GERAK.

    Tidak dapat diberikan aba-aba langkah tegap maju JALAN, aba-aba belok kanan/kiri maju-JALAN terhadap pasukan yang sedang berjalan dengan langkah biasa, karena tidak dapat diberikan aba-aba langkah henti-GERAK, belok kanan/kiri-GERAK.

    Tentang aba-aba : “henti”

    Pada dasarnya aba-aba peringatan henti digunakan untuk menghentikan pasukan yang sedang bergerak, namun tidak selamanya aba-aba peringatan henti ini harus diucapkan.

    Contoh:

      Empat langkah ke depan –JALAN, bukan barisan – jalan. Setelah selesai pelaksanaan dari maksud aba-aba peringatan, pasukan wajib berhenti tanpa aba-aba berhenti.

    c.       MULAI : adalah untuk dipakai pada pelaksanaan perintah yang harus dikerjakan berturut-turut.

    Contoh:

      -hitung              -MULAI

      -tiga bersaf kumpul       -MULAI



    4.      Cara memberi aba-aba

    a)      Waktu memberi aba-aba, pemberi aba-aba harus berdiri dalam sikap sempurna dan menghadap pasukan, terkecuali dalam keadaan yang tidak mengijinkan untuk melakukan itu.

    b)      Apabila aba-aba itu berlaku juga untuk si pemberi aba-aba, maka pemberi aba-aba terikat pada tempat yang telah ditentukan untuknya dan tidak menghadap pasukan.

    Contoh: Kepada Pembina Upacara – hormat – GERAK

    Pelaksanaanya :

    ·        Pada waktu memberikan aba-aba mengahdap ke arah yang diberi hormat sambil melakukan gerakan penghormatan bersama-sama dengan pasukan.

    ·        Setelah penghormatan selesai dijawab/dibalas oleh yang menerima penghormatan, maka dalm keadaan sikap sedang memberi hormat si pemberi aba-aba memberikan aba-aba tegak : GERAK dan kembali ke sikap sempurna.

    c)      Pada taraf permulaan aba-aba yang ditunjukan kepada pasukan yang sedang berjalan/berlari, aba-aba pelaksanaan gerakannya ditambah 1 (satu) langkah pada waktu berjala, pada waktu berlari ditambah 3 (tiga) langkah.

    ·        Pada taraf lanjutan, aba-aba pelaksanaan dijatuhkan pada kaki kanan ditambah 2 (dua) langkah untuk berjalan / 4 (empat) langkah untuk berlari.

    d)      Aba-aba diucapkan dengan suara nyaring-tegas dan bersemangat.

    e)      Aba-aba petunjuk dan peringatan pada waktu pengucapan hendaknya diberi antara.

    f)        Aba-aba pelaksanaan pada waktu pengucapan hendaknya dihentakkan.

    g)      Antara aba-aba peringatan dan pelaksanaan hendaknya diperpanjang disesuaikan dengan besar kecilnya pasukan.

    h)      Bila pada suatu bagian aba-aba diperlukan pembetulan maka dilakukan perintah ULANG !

    Contoh: Lencang kanan = Ulangi – siap GERAK



    Sumber/ Referensi :

    1.   Pedoman Penyelenggaraan Paskibraka - Depdiknas.

    2.   Peraturan Baris Berbaris - Pusdiklat TNI-AD
    3.www.pramukanet.org

    SKU penegak Bantara point 17
    Selalu berpakaian rapi, memelihara kesehatan badan, dan memelihara kebersihan lingkungannya.

    dalam hal ini setiap calon penegak Bantara diwajibkan untuk menjaga kebersihan diri, baik raga maupun rokhani. Hal ini dimaksudkan agar setiap penegak dapat kelihatan sehat tidak hanya kesehatan badan tetapi juga kesehatan rokhani.

    SKU penegak Bantara point 18
    Vitamin A

    Vitamin A, yang juga dikenal dengan nama retinol, merupakan vitamin yang berperan dalam pembentukkan indra penglihatan yang baik, terutama di malam hari, dan sebagai salah satu komponen penyusun pigmen mata di retina. Selain itu, vitamin ini juga berperan penting dalam menjaga kesehatan kulit dan imunitas tubuh.Vitamin ini bersifat mudah rusak oleh paparan panas, cahaya matahari, dan udara. Sumber makanan yang banyak mengandung vitamin A, antara lain susu, ikan, sayur-sayuran (terutama yang berwarna hijau dan kuning), dan juga buah-buahan (terutama yang berwarna merah dan kuning, seperti cabai merah, wortel, pisang, dan pepaya).

    Apabila terjadi defisiensi vitamin A, penderita akan mengalami rabun senja dan katarak. Selain itu, penderita defisiensi vitamin A ini juga dapat mengalami infeksi saluran pernafasan, menurunnya daya tahan tubuh, dan kondisi kulit yang kurang sehat. Kelebihan asupan vitamin A dapat menyebabkan keracunan pada tubuh. Penyakit yang dapat ditimbulkan antara lain pusing-pusing, kerontokan rambut, kulit kering bersisik, dan pingsan. Selain itu, bila sudah dalam kondisi akut, kelebihan vitamin A di dalam tubuh juga dapat menyebabkan kerabunan, terhambatnya pertumbuhan tubuh, pembengkakan hati, dan iritasi kulit.
    Sayur-sayuran hijau dan kacang-kacangan sebagai sumber vitamin A dan vitamin B yang tinggi.
    Vitamin B

    Secara umum, golongan vitamin B berperan penting dalam metabolisme di dalam tubuh, terutama dalam hal pelepasan energi saat beraktivitas.Hal ini terkait dengan peranannya di dalam tubuh, yaitu sebagai senyawa koenzim yang dapat meningkatkan laju reaksi metabolisme tubuh terhadap berbagai jenis sumber energi. Beberapa jenis vitamin yang tergolong dalam kelompok vitamin B ini juga berperan dalam pembentukan sel darah merah (eritrosit). Sumber utama vitamin B berasal dari susu, gandum, ikan, dan sayur-sayuran hijau.
    Vitamin B1

    Vitamin B1, yang dikenal juga dengan nama tiamin, merupakan salah satu jenis vitamin yang memiliki peranan penting dalam menjaga kesehatan kulit dan membantu mengkonversi karbohidrat menjadi energi yang diperlukan tubuh untuk rutinitas sehari-hari. Di samping itu, vitamin B1 juga membantu proses metabolisme protein dan lemak. Bila terjadi defisiensi vitamin B1, kulit akan mengalami berbagai gangguan, seperti kulit kering dan bersisik. Tubuh juga dapat mengalami beri-beri, gangguan saluran pencernaan, jantung, dan sistem saraf. Untuk mencegah hal tersebut, kita perlu banyak mengkonsumsi banyak gandum, nasi, daging, susu, telur, dan tanaman kacang-kacangan. Bahan makanan inilah yang telah terbukti banyak mengandung vitamin B1.
     Vitamin B2

    Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) banyak berperan penting dalam metabolisme di tubuh manusia. Di dalam tubuh, vitamin B2 berperan sebagai salah satu kompenen koenzim flavin mononukleotida (flavin mononucleotide, FMN) dan flavin adenine dinukleotida (adenine dinucleotide, FAD). Kedua enzim ini berperan penting dalam regenerasi energi bagi tubuh melalui proses respirasi. Vitamin ini juga berperan dalam pembentukan molekul steroid, sel darah merah, dan glikogen, serta menyokong pertumbuhan berbagai organ tubuh, seperti kulit, rambut, dan kuku.Sumber vitamin B2 banyak ditemukan pada sayur-sayuran segar, kacang kedelai, kuning telur, dan susu. Defisiensinya dapat menyebabkan menurunnya daya tahan tubuh, kulit kering bersisik, mulut kering, bibir pecah-pecah, dan sariawan.
     Vitamin B3
    Beri-beri, penyakit yang disebabkan oleh defisiensi vitamin B1

    Vitamin B3 juga dikenal dengan istilah niasin. Vitamin ini berperan penting dalam metabolisme karbohidrat untuk menghasilkan energi, metabolisme lemak, dan protein. Di dalam tubuh, vitamin B3 memiliki peranan besar dalam menjaga kadar gula darah, tekanan darah tinggi, penyembuhan migrain, dan vertigo. Berbagai jenis senyawa racun dapat dinetralisir dengan bantuan vitamin ini.Vitamin B3 termasuk salah satu jenis vitamin yang banyak ditemukan pada makanan hewani, seperti ragi, hati, ginjal, daging unggas, dan ikan.Akan tetapi, terdapat beberapa sumber pangan lainnya yang juga mengandung vitamin ini dalam kadar tinggi, antara lain gandum dan kentang manis. Kekurangan vitamin ini dapat menyebabkan tubuh mengalami kekejangan, keram otot, gangguan sistem pencernaan, muntah-muntah, dan mual.
     Vitamin B5

    Vitamin B5 (asam pantotenat) banyak terlibat dalam reaksi enzimatik di dalam tubuh. Hal ini menyebabkan vitamin B5 berperan besar dalam berbagai jenis metabolisme, seperti dalam reaksi pemecahan nutrisi makanan, terutama lemak. Peranan lain vitamin ini adalah menjaga komunikasi yang baik antara sistem saraf pusat dan otak dan memproduksi senyawa asam lemak, sterol, neurotransmiter, dan hormon tubuh.  Vitamin B5 dapat ditemukan dalam berbagai jenis variasi makanan hewani, mulai dari daging, susu, ginjal, dan hati hingga makanan nabati, seperti sayuran hijau dan kacang hijau. Seperti halnya vitamin B1 dan B2, defisiensi vitamin B5 dapat menyebabkan kulit pecah-pecah dan bersisik. Selain itu, gangguan lain yang akan diderita adalah keram otot serta kesulitan untuk tidur.
    Vitamin B6

    Vitamin B6, atau dikenal juga dengan istilah piridoksin, merupakan vitamin yang esensial bagi pertumbuhan tubuh. Vitamin ini berperan sebagai salah satu senyawa koenzim A yang digunakan tubuh untuk menghasilkan energi melalui jalur sintesis asam lemak, seperti spingolipid dan fosfolipid. Selain itu, vitamin ini juga berperan dalam metabolisme nutrisi dan memproduksi antibodi sebagai mekanisme pertahanan tubuh terhadap antigen atau senyawa asing yang berbahaya bagi tubuh. Vitamin ini merupakan salah satu jenis vitamin yang mudah didapatkan karena vitamin ini banyak terdapat di dalam beras, jagung, kacang-kacangan, daging, dan ikan. Kekurangan vitamin dalam jumlah banyak dapat menyebabkan kulit pecah-pecah, keram otot, dan insomnia.
    Vitamin B12

    Vitamin B12 atau sianokobalamin merupakan jenis vitamin yang hanya khusus diproduksi oleh hewan dan tidak ditemukan pada tanaman. Oleh karena itu, vegetarian sering kali mengalami gangguan kesehatan tubuh akibat kekurangan vitamin ini.[20] Vitamin ini banyak berperan dalam metabolisme energi di dalam tubuh. Vitamin B12 juga termasuk dalam salah satu jenis vitamin yang berperan dalam pemeliharaan kesehatan sel saraf, pembentukkan molekul DNA dan RNA, pembentukkan platelet darah.[6] Telur, hati, dan daging merupakan sumber makanan yang baik untuk memenuhi kebutuhan vitamin B12. Kekurangan vitamin ini akan menyebabkan anemia (kekurangan darah), mudah lelah lesu, dan iritasi kulit.[1]
     Vitamin C
    Buah jeruk, terkenal atas kandungan vitamin C-nya yang tinggi.

    Vitamin C (asam askorbat) banyak memberikan manfaat bagi kesehatan tubuh kita. Di dalam tubuh, vitamin C juga berperan sebagai senyawa pembentuk kolagen yang merupakan protein penting penyusun jaringan kulit, sendi, tulang, dan jaringan penyokong lainnya.  Vitamin C merupakan senyawa antioksidan alami yang dapat menangkal berbagai radikal bebas dari polusi di sekitar lingkungan kita. Terkait dengan sifatnya yang mampu menangkal radikal bebas, vitamin C dapat membantu menurunkan laju mutasi dalam tubuh sehingga risiko timbulnya berbagai penyakit degenaratif, seperti kanker, dapat diturunkan. Selain itu, vitamin C berperan dalam menjaga bentuk dan struktur dari berbagai jaringan di dalam tubuh, seperti otot. Vitamin ini juga berperan dalam penutupan luka saat terjadi pendarahan dan memberikan perlindungan lebih dari infeksi mikroorganisme patogen. Melalui mekanisme inilah vitamin C berperan dalam menjaga kebugaran tubuh dan membantu mencegah berbagai jenis penyakit. Defisiensi vitamin C juga dapat menyebabkan gusi berdarah dan nyeri pada persendian. Akumulasi vitamin C yang berlebihan di dalam tubuh dapat menyebabkan batu ginjal, gangguan saluran pencernaan, dan rusaknya sel darah merah.
    Vitamin D

    Vitamin D juga merupakan salah satu jenis vitamin yang banyak ditemukan pada makanan hewani, antara lain ikan, telur, susu, serta produk olahannya, seperti keju. Bagian tubuh yang paling banyak dipengaruhi oleh vitamin ini adalah tulang. Vitamin D ini dapat membantu metabolisme kalsium dan mineralisasi tulang. Sel kulit akan segera memproduksi vitamin D saat terkena cahaya matahari (sinar ultraviolet). Bila kadar vitamin D rendah maka tubuh akan mengalami pertumbuhan kaki yang tidak normal, dimana betis kaki akan membentuk huruf O dan X. Di samping itu, gigi akan mudah mengalami kerusakan dan otot pun akan mengalami kekejanganPenyakit lainnya adalah osteomalasia, yaitu hilangnya unsur kalsium dan fosfor secara berlebihan di dalam tulang. Penyakit ini biasanya ditemukan pada remaja, sedangkan pada manula, penyakit yang dapat ditimbulkan adalah osteoporosis, yaitu kerapuhan tulang akibatnya berkurangnya kepadatan tulang. Kelebihan vitamin D dapat menyebabkan tubuh mengalami diare, berkurangnya berat badan, muntah-muntah, dan dehidrasi berlebihan.
    Vitamin E
    Struktur molekul vitamin E

    Vitamin E berperan dalam menjaga kesehatan berbagai jaringan di dalam tubuh, mulai dari jaringan kulit, mata, sel darah merah hingga hati. Selain itu, vitamin ini juga dapat melindungi paru-paru manusia dari polusi udara. Nilai kesehatan ini terkait dengan kerja vitamin E di dalam tubuh sebagai senyawa antioksidan alami. Vitamin E banyak ditemukan pada ikan, ayam, kuning telur, ragi, dan minyak tumbuh-tumbuhan. Walaupun hanya dibutuhkan dalam jumlah sedikit, kekurangan vitamin E dapat menyebabkan gangguan kesehatan yang fatal bagi tubuh, antara lain kemandulan baik bagi pria maupun wanita. Selain itu, saraf dan otot akan mengalami gangguan yang berkepanjangan.
    Vitamin K

    Vitamin K banyak berperan dalam pembentukan sistem peredaran darah yang baik dan penutupan luka. Defisiensi vitamin ini akan berakibat pada pendarahan di dalam tubuh dan kesulitan pembekuan darah saat terjadi luka atau pendarahan. Selain itu, vitamin K juga berperan sebagai kofaktor enzim untuk mengkatalis reaksi karboksilasi asam amino asam glutamat. Oleh karena itu, kita perlu banyak mengkonsumsi susu, kuning telur, dan sayuran segar yang merupakan sumber vitamin K yang baik bagi pemenuhan kebutuhan di dalam tubuh.

    SKU Penegak Bantara Point 19
    Tahu tentang penyakit-penyakit rakyat yang terpenting, dan tentang cara-cara pencegahannya.


    Dalam Masyarakat yang dimaksud dengan penyakit Rakyat adalah dalam bahasa jawa adalah mo limo
    yaitu
    madon ( berselingkuh )
    main (berjudi )
    mabok ( minum minuman keras )
    Maling ( mencuri/korupsi)
    Madat ( nyabu )

    Untuk mencegah penyakit itu maka kita memberikan pendidikan agama yang dimulai dari keluarga.
    menghindari hal-hal yang menjurus kepada lima hal yang disebutkan diatas.

    SKU Penegak Bantara Point 20
    Melakukan salah satu cabang olahraga atletik atau salah satu cabang olahraga renang.

    Yang dimaksud olah raga atletik adalah meliputi

       * Event Lintasan –event lari di lintasan 400m.
             o Sprint: event yang termasuk 400m. Event yang umum adalah 60m (hanya didalam ruangan), 100m, 200m dan 400m.
             o Jarak Menengah: event dari 800m sampai 3000m, 800m, 1500m, satu mil dan 3000m.
                   + Lari berintang – lomba (biasanya 300m) dimana pelarinya harus melewati rintangan seperti penghalang dan rintangan air.
             o jarak Jauh: berlari diatas 5000 m. Biasanya 5000 m dan 10000 m. yang kurang lazim ialah 1, 6, 12, 24 jam perlombaan.
             o Halang Rintang: 110 m halang rintang tinggi (100 m untuk wanita) dan 400 m haling rintang menengah (300 m di beberapa SMA).
             o Estafet: 4 x 100m estafet, 4 x 400 m estafet , 4 x 200 m estafet , 4 x 800 m estafet , dll. Beberapa event, seperti estafet medley, jarang dilangsungkan kecuali estafet karnaval besar.
       * Lari jalanan: dilangsungkan di jalanan terbuka, tapi biasanya diakhiri di lintasan. Event biasa adalah 5km, 10km, setengah marathon dan marathon.
       * lomba
              Perjuangan Panjang dan Mahal Bangsa Indonesia Mencapai Persatuan dan Kesatuan        
    tadi Tentang Sumpah PEMUDA Sekarang saya share tentang Perjuangan bangsa Indonesia Dan Rencana pembangunan . . . . . . . . .


    Langsung aja


    Usaha bangsa Indonesia mencapai Persatuan Bangsa, Kesatuan Negara, dan Keutuhan Nusantara telah melewati jangka waktu yang sangat panjang. Setelah mengalami penjajahan Belanda selama lebih dari tiga abad, menjelang akhir abad ke 19 timbul kesadaran bahwa bangsa Indonesia yang bercerai berai dengan mudah dapat di adu-domba satu sama lain yang tidak memungkinkan tercapainya cita-cita untuk memerdekakan bangsa. Dengan lahirnya Boedi Oetomo tahun 1908, Kebangkitan Nasional Indonesia mulai bersemi, khususnya tentang pentingnya unsur pendidikan bagi usaha-usaha mencapai kemerdekaan, kemajuan dan kemakmuran. Kebangkitan Kebangsaan tersebut kemudian melahirkan Kesadaran Politik yang menghimpun segala kemampuan rakyat dan golongan melalui Partai Politik, baik yang bersifat keagamaan, nasionalisme, maupun sosialisme. Diperlukan waktu 20 tahun sejak munculnya rasa Kebangkitan Nasional 1908 untuk dapat melahirkan rasa Kesatuan Kebangsaan dalam Sumpah Pemuda tahun 1928 yang menyatakan tekad rakyat Indonesia untuk hidup sebagai Satu Bangsa, dalam Satu Tanah Air, dengan satu bahasa persatuan yaitu Bahasa Indonesia.

    Perjuangan politik Bangsa Indonesia yang dijiwai oleh Sumpah Pemuda 1928 tersebut memerlukan waktu 17 tahun lagi untuk mencapai Proklamasi Kemerdekaan yang pada dasarnya menegaskan bahwa bangsa Indonesia yang telah bangkit dan bersatu itu ingin dan bertekad untuk hidup dalam Satu Negara yaitu Negara Kesatuan Republik Indonesia yang di proklamasikan tahun 1945. NKRI 1945 itu ditopang dan dijiwai oleh semangat Pancasila, UUD 1945, Negara Kesatuan, prinsip Bhineka Tunggal Ika dengan semangat musyawarah dan mufakat disertai tradisi gotong royong. Diperlukan pula waktu lebih dari 4 tahun dalam perang kemerdekaan yang mengorbankan jiwa raga dan harta benda bangsa yang tidak sedikit untuk memperjuangkan pengakuan dunia internasional terhadap Negara Indonesia tersebut yang baru tercapai setelah Konferensi Meja Bundar di Denhaag tahun 1949, 40 tahun setelah kebangkitan bangsa 1908.
    NKRI yang lahir tahun 1945 itu pernah mengalami tantangan dari semangat federalis yang didalangi oleh kekuatan kolonial melalui Negara Republik Indonesia Serikat (RIS) yang umurnya tidak lebih dari setahun dan yang kemudian ditinggalkan oleh bangsa Indonesia karena dijiwai oleh kepentingan colonial yang menentang berdirinya NKRI.
    Dalam tahun 1950 Indonesia kembali kepada Negara Kesatuan. Tetapi dengan system pemerintahan yang bersifat parlementer. Sementara itu, Republik Indonesia mengalami pula pergantian-pergantian UUD antara lain melalui UUD RIS (1949-1950) dan UUD RI 1950 (1950-1959), dan kembali lagi ke UUD 1945 pada tahun 1959, yaitu 50 tahun sejak Kebangkitan Nasional 1908. Sejarah memperlihatkan bahwa Republik Indonesia dengan jiwa demokrasi parlementer sejak 1950 tidak mampu membawa kestabilan di dalam negeri. Pemerintah silih berganti dengan koalisi partai politik yang berubah-rubah, pertentangan ideologi tetap berlanjut disertai pertentangan­-pertentangan yang disebabkan oleh rasa keagamaan dan rasa kedaerahan yang berlebihan, sementara kekuatan asing tetap mengintai untuk melihat agar Indonesia tetap terpecah belah, sedangkan perjuangan mengembalikan Irian Barat (kini Papua) kepangkuan NKRI tetap mengalami kemacetan.
    Sementara itu, Indonesia mulai merasakan bahwa salah satu faktor dari sulitnya mengembangkan Persatuan Bangsa dan Kesatuan Negara tersebut adalah komposisi geografis Indonesia sebagai negara kepulauan yang diselingi oleh laut-laut yang luas. Pada mulanya, sesuai dengan ketentuan Hukum Internasional pada waktu itu dirumuskan oleh negara-negara kolonial, kedaulatan Indonesia di laut hanyalah sampai tiga mil laut dari pantai masing-masing pulau. Dengan demikian maka laut-laut antar pulau Indonesia dianggap sebagai laut bebas yang dapat dimanfaatkan oleh siapa saja dan negara mana saja, termasuk ruangnya dan kekayaan alamnya, dan dalam beberapa hal malah juga dimanfaatkan untuk mengadu-domba dan memisahkan bangsa Indonesia dari satu pulau kepulau lainnya demi untuk dapat menguasai bangsa Indonesia tersebut.
    Barulah dalam bulan Desember 1957 Pemerintah Indonesia menyadari dan mengumumkan bahwa Sumpah Pemuda 1928 yang menyatakan tekad bangsa Indonesia untuk hidup dalam Satu Tanah Air tersebut harus berarti bahwa laut-laut yang terletak antara pulau-pulau Indonesia tanpa memperhatikan lebarnya dan dalamnya haruslah di manfaatkan untuk memperkuat rasa satu Kebangsaan dan satu Kenegaraan Indonesia. Laut harus berfungsi sebagai pemersatu Bangsa dan Negara, bukan sebagai pemisah pulau dan pemecah belah Bangsa dan Negara.
    Deklarasi Nusantara Indonesia 1957 tersebut mendapat protes dan tantangan dari berbagai-bagai negara didunia. Deklarasi tersebut pada dasarnya menekankan bahwa satu kesatuan Tanah Air Indonesia itu haruslah terdiri dari Kesatuan Wilayah antara darat dengan laut, termasuk dasar laut dan tanah dibawahnya, udara diatas darat dan lautnya, serta seluruh kekayaan yang terdapat didalamnya.
    Diperlukan waktu 25 tahun bagi usaha-usaha diplomasi Indonesia untuk memperjuangkan agar konsepsi kesatuan Negara Nusantara/Kepulauan tersebut mendapat pengakuan dunia Internasional di dalam Konvensi Hukum Laut PBB 1982. Setelah itu diperlukan waktu 12 tahun lagi untuk membuat Konvensi Hukum Laut PBB 1982 tersebut berlaku secara Internasional dalam bulan November 1994.
    Kini, kita sedang merayakan 100 tahun Kebangkitan Nasional 1908 dan 80 tahun sejak Sumpah Pemuda untuk mencapai satu Kesatuan Bangsa, Tanah Air, dan Bahasa, 63 tahun sejak Proklamasi Kemerdekaan, dan 51 tahun sejak Deklarasi Nusantara 1957. Jika diingat mulai sejak perjuangan pahlawan bangsa sebelum 1908, mulai dari Teuku Umar di Aceh sampai ke Pattimura di Maluku, maka perjuangan bangsa yang sangat panjang untuk mencapai dan memperkokoh persatuan Bangsa, kesatuan Kenegaraan, dan kesatuan Kewilayahan tersebut merupakan 3 tiang utama Indonesia. Ketiga tiang utama inilah yang selalu mendapat tantangan dan grogotan, baik dari dalam negeri maupun dari luar negeri, baik di masa lalu maupun dewasa ini. Hal ini antara lain disebabkan oleh masih minimnya kesadaran bangsa terhadap peran laut sebagai pemersatu bangsa. Berbagai usaha meningkatkan kesatuan bangsa dan Negara melalui perhubungan darat, laut, udara dan telekomunikasi telah dilakukan dengan tingkat hasil-hasil yang berbeda. Dewasa ini usaha-usaha pemersatu bangsa dan perkembangan ekonomi mulai pula dibangun melalui jembatan dan terowongan-terowongan, malah bukan hanya dalam suatu Negara tetapi juga antar negara dan antar benua.
    Beberapa Negara di dunia sudah lama memulai proyek-proyek besar seperti ini demi untuk mempererat rasa persatuan bangsa dan negaranya, memperlancar perhubungan, pembangunan ekonomi, pemerintahan, pertahanan, dan lain-lain. Amerika Serikat sudah banyak membangun jembatan yang sangat panjang untuk mempermudah dan mengefisiensikan perekonomiannya. China baru selesai membangun jembatan terpanjang di dunia yang kabarnya lebih dari 40 KM. Denmark dan Swedia sudah lama membangun jembatan melalui selat strategis yang memisahkan kedua Negara tersebut. Turki sudah selesai membangun jembatan melintasi selat Bosporus yang memisahkan benua Eropa dengan benua Asia. Perancis dan Inggris telah membangun terowongan di bawah Selat Dover yang menghubungkan kedua Negara tersebut. Malah Vietnam pun baru saja selesai membangun jembatan yang sangat panjang dan tinggi di Halong Bay untuk mempercepat pembangunan ekonomi di utara Vietnam dan yang menghubungkan Hanoi melalui jalan raya ke China dan terus ke pantai timur dan pedalaman China. Sementara Suez Canal yang panjangnya ratusan kilometer telah digali untuk menghubungkan Laut Tengah dengan Laut Merah dan Samudera Hindia sejak abad 19 yang lalu. Di kawasan kita sudah lama ada cita-cita besar untuk membangun Kra Canal melalui Thailand Selatan untuk menghubungkan laut Andaman dengan teluk Siam dan laut Cina Selatan terus ke Jepang dan Asia Timur untuk menghadapi semakin padatnya selat Malaka dan selat Singapura. Malah akhir-akhir ini sudah pula terdengar suara-suara untuk membangun jembatan dan terowongan melintasi selat Malaka melalui pulau Rupat dan Malaka untuk menghubungkan Malaysia dengan Sumatera agar dengan demikian perokonomian Sumatera (dan Indonesia) dapat terkait erat dengan perkembangan ekonomi di Asia Tenggara dan China.
    Disinilah terletak arti strategis yang sangat penting dari Jembatan Selat Sunda. Pemerintah propinsi Lampung dan Banten sudah menandatangani kesepakatan untuk membangun jembatan tersebut. Berbagai-bagai segi teknis, ekonomis, hukum, dan lain-lainnya dewasa ini sedang giat dipelajari. Presiden SBY sendiri sudah memberikan dorongannya dan para Menteri terkait juga sudah mendukung rencana tersebut. Pembangunan JSS bukanlah hal yang gampang, murah ataupun mudah dilakukan dalam waktu sekejap mata. Pembangunan tersebut akan memakan waktu bertahun-tahun, dukungan modal yang sangat besar, serta ketekunan dari para anak bangsa untuk mendukung dan merealisirnya. Para pemuka bangsa sebelum 1908 dan sesudahnya mempunyai visi masa depan yang tangguh terhadap kesatuan bangsa, negara dan kewilayahan Indonesia, dan bersedia berjuang dan berkorban untuk tujuan-tujuan besar tersebut. Dalam rangka memperingati 100 tahun Kebangkitan Bangsa, 80 tahun Sumpah Pemuda, 63 tahun Kemerdekaan Indonesia, dan 51 tahun Deklarasi Djuanda, saya percaya bahwa bangsa Indonesia dan para pemimpinnya sekarang ini tidak kehilangan semangat juang, visi jangka panjang, berpikir besar, dan rasa berbakti, berjuang, dan berkorban untuk kepentingan satu bangsa, satu negara, dan satu tanah air, yaitu Indonesia. Pembangunan Jalan tol dalam kota Jakarta antara Cawang- Tanjung Priok, Jembatan Tiga sampai ke Grogol pada dasarnya adalah jembatan.
    Semoga bangsa Indonesia, khususnya generasi sekarang dan generasi yang akan datang tidak akan melupakan perjuangan bangsa yang panjang ini dan tidak kembali terpecah belah dalam semangat golongan dan kedaerahan yang sempit, yang dengan mudah akan dapat di manfaatkan oleh kepentingan-kepentingan yang tidak menginginkan Persatuan Bangsa, Kesatuan Negara dan Kesatuan Kewilayahan dalam NKRI.
              Le Vietnam, The place to be pour se ressourcer!        
    Les gens qui visitent le Vietnam en reviennent toujours ravis. Pourquoi me direz-vous ? Je ne suis peut être pas très objective étant mariée à un Vietnamien, mangeant un repas vietnamien sur 2 … mais très rapidement je peux vous dire pourquoi! C’est un pays très riche en diversité de paysages. A chaque voyage, nous […]
              Bonne résolution n°1        
    J’apprends le vietnamien! Grâce à ma copine Capucine qui m’a prêté sa méthode Assimil « Le vietnamien sans peine », j’ai commencé ma première leçon ce matin. J’ai appris qu’il n’existe pas de pronoms personnels proprement dits comme « tu » ou « vous »  et que tous les mots sont invariables, même les verbes qui ne se conjuguent pas. Ils […]
              Want National Security? Dismantle the War Machine        

    Want National Security? Dismantle the War Machine

    A military response to violence creates more violence. For real security, we need to stop climate change and work toward shared prosperity.

    http://www.commondreams.org/views/2016/09/22/want-national-security-dismantle-war-machine

    By: David Korten
    Date: 2016-09-22

    The recent 15th anniversary of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on the World Trade towers was a reminder of the terrible consequences when a nation ignores the lessons of history—including its own recent history. The U.S. military budget is a tragic example.

    We currently spend roughly $598 billion on defense, which is more than the next seven biggest military spenders combined: China, Saudi Arabia, Russia, the United Kingdom, India, France, and Japan. This represents 54 percent of federal discretionary spending. In return, we get an ability to rapidly deploy conventional military power anywhere in the world.

    The 9/11 attack on the World Trade Center was the most devastating foreign-sourced attack on the United States since the War of 1812. It was carried out by a largely self-organized band of 19 religious fanatics of varied nationalities, affiliated with a small, dispersed, and loosely organized international network. We responded by invading and occupying Afghanistan and Iraq. This led to hundreds of thousands of pointless deaths, destabilization of the Middle East, and a cost to the U.S. Treasury of some $4 trillion to $6 trillion.

    I view all this in part through the lens of my experience as an Air Force captain during the Vietnam War. I briefed pilots headed for Vietnam on the psychological consequences of bombing civilian populations. I later served in the Defense Department’s office overseeing defense-related behavioral and social science research.

    "We currently spend roughly $598 billion on defense, which is more than the next seven biggest military spenders combined." (Photo: Daniel Achim / iStock)

    Read more »
              Interview of Clifford Lewis Bekkedahl by Brian Shoemaker        
    Interview of Clifford Lewis Bekkedahl by Brian Shoemaker Bekkedahl, Clifford Lewis Cliff Bekkedahl was born and raised in Cleveland, Ohio. He graduated from the public school system in Cleveland, and later graduated from Miami University of Ohio. At Miami he joined the Navy ROTC, and, upon graduation, was assigned to a training voyage on board the USS Arneb, a deep-draft, amphibious cargo assault ship assigned to Operation Deep Freeze I in Antarctica. Many features of the ship had been modified for cold weather duty, including armor plating along the hull and a reinforced bow, although this training voyage was to the Caribbean and not to Antarctica. The inexperienced crew trained for two years and emerged as outstanding seamen. In 1955 the Arneb was designated as the flagship for Operation Deep Freeze I in Antarctica. The Operation was to be commanded by Admiral George Dufek. Bekkedahl, a Lt. JG at the time, extended his enlistment for one year in order to make the trip. He was the navigator of the ship. In preparation for the nine months in Antarctica, in the summer of 1955 the Navy ordered the ship first to take cargo to the Baffin Bay area in northern Canada far north of the Arctic Circle. It was a three-week training trip, and successful in every way. The Sperry Gyro and the mike boats both worked perfectly. The crew learned how to break ice, and never clipped the ship’s prop. The trip was a success, despite the unfortunate fact that the commanding officer, Captain Lawrence Smythe, seemed not to understand the simplest elements of navigation, nor did he get along with the Executive Officer (XO), Joseph Hulings. Soon after returning to home base in Davisville, Rhode Island, the Arneb loaded cargo, including planes and vehicles, for use in Antarctica. The ship departed for Antarctica in October, 1955 for what would turn out to be a trip around the world. On board was Rochus Vogt, a young, brilliant, German student from the University of Chicago, an expert on cosmic rays. There was also aboard a contingent of Seabees. Once the Arneb reached Christchurch, New Zealand, the ship and crew were welcomed warmly by the locals. More than a thousand locals toured the ship each day. Admiral Dufek and his staff had arrived earlier, and were on hand for all the accolades. The Arneb was the first ship from Deep Freeze to anchor in New Zealand. The ice breakers had sailed directly to Antarctica to scout out the ice pack. Before reaching Antarctica the Arneb joined other ships in the Task Force, including the Nesplenen the fleet tanker, the Greenville Victory, a USNS ship, the Wyandot, an AKA, and two ice breakers, the Eastwind and the Glacier. But soon after leaving New Zealand, a remarkable event occurred. Bekkedahl was summoned to Captain Smythe’s quarters to be told that he, the Captain, had gone blind. Bekkedahl was told to inform only the officers including the XO, Joseph Hulings, and that apart from the Captain’s steward, he was the only person who was to enter the Captain’s cabin. The other officers could communicate with the Captain through the voice tube next to the wheel on the bridge. The XO was still banned from the bridge. The next senior Lieutenant after the XO was Lt. Wheeler, but he had little proclivity for ship handling or deck watch. The reality was that four junior officers were responsible for the ship, and none had more than six weeks experience in a polar region. Soon every man on the ship was aware of the problem. Occasionally non crew members came aboard, including scientists from the Geodetic Survey, and Paul Siple, who was working on cosmic rays. The Arneb followed an ice breaker to the landing site on the Ross Ice Shelf, and suffered no damage at all in a dangerous maneuver. The inexperienced Junior Officers rose to the occasion. After three days the other ships, except for the Wyandot, broke away and headed for McMurdo Sound. The core of the Arneb’s mission was to establish Little America V. The Ross Ice Shelf rose some 400 to 500 feet above sea level, and the Base was established at its summit. The Seabees found the best path to the summit, and did much of the construction work on the Base. They also installed “deadmen,” made of railroad ties, which securely anchored the mooring lines for the Arneb and the Wyandot. An extra long gangway, brought from the states, connected the ships to the Ice Shelf. The crew was now in a 24 hour daylight environment. The first day the crew worked 18 hours. They off-loaded the sleds and other supplies and equipment. Bekkedahl and Spencer Irving, the communications officer, maintained the bridge watch, and became the permanent in-port officers of the deck. One problem was that the ice alongside the ship was deteriorating from unusually warm weather and the warmth of the ship. In order to reach the solid ice required to support a new pier it was necessary to employ an icebreaker. It was two days away, and in the meantime all off-loading operations had to cease. Furthermore, the gangway had to be returned to the ship, a difficult operation. Once the icebreaker drew near the Arneb cast off its lines and lay offshore. Unexpectedly the weather suddenly turned dangerous. In less than an hour a severe storm caused a total whiteout. One could not see a top, a bottom, or the horizon, and the ship was adrift. Some men were adrift in small boats, the “mike” boats (fifty-foot long LCM’s), and the Seabees were stranded ashore on the ice. After 7 or 8 hours the storm blew over, and the icebreaker carved out the decayed ice. Within 10 hours the gangway was installed, and the new pier constructed. No lives were lost and the mission proceeded. As the rest of the cargo was offloaded the men enjoyed occasional recreational moments. Some explored ice caves, or did some skiing. Once the offloading was completed CTF-43, the Command Center for Operation Deep Freeze, was notified that the mission of the Arneb had been completed. The ship stopped at McMurdo Sound for two days. The amphibious mike boats, or LCM’s, could run up on the beach, and unload men and cargo on solid footing. Admiral George Dufek, the actual Commander of Operation Deep Freeze, spent much of his time at McMurdo, but he also visited the Arneb, the flagship of the fleet, on several occasions. The Admiral and other ranking officers were fully aware of the problems with the XO and the Captain and chose to take no action. It was clear that the ship was performing its mission well under the leadership of the junior officers. At Christchurch, New Zealand, en route home, Admiral Dufek sent word to the young officers, “Well done, young men.” Admiral Richard Byrd, nominally the Commander of Deep Freeze, but whose role was limited because of his age and health, also visited the Arneb on one occasion. Byrd and Dufek raised the National Geographic Flag at Little America. Byrd greeted each officer of the ship personally, and left a most favorable impression. Once the ship cleared the ice pack headed for New Zealand Bekkedahl was on the bridge when unexpectedly Captain Symthe appeared. He announced that he seemed to be regaining his eyesight. The further the ship got from Antarctica the better his eyesight. Bekkedahl believed that the Captain had clearly been unsuited for this assignment. He was highly distrustful of people, and a manipulator in many ways. Perhaps his lack of confidence and experience had brought on his temporary blindness. Still led by the junior officers the Arneb continued on a journey that would take it around the world. It visited Australia, traversed the Indian Ocean, proceeded through the Suez Canal, and stopped at Naples, Italy. After sailing to Barcelona, Spain, the ship passed through the Straits of Gibraltar, and back to Norfolk, Virginia. Once they arrived home, over half the crew, including Bekkedahl, re-enlisted. He was offered a regular Navy commission. Looking back, his navy career has been very successful and satisfying. He soon married, had four daughters, and as a Lt. received his first command of a ship, a salvage tug. He later served aboard several ships, and was deployed to Vietnam. His first destroyer command was on the John R. Craig in 1967. In 1969 he became the first non-Naval Academy graduate to be named Executive Assistant to the Superintendent of the US Naval Academy. He worked also with Korean and Japanese naval officers. His last naval assignment was as Aide and Executive Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Manpower Reserve Affairs and Logistics, Ed Hidalgo. He retired in 1979 after 26 years of service. He retained a life-long interest in Antarctica and became editor of the Polar Times. Bryant, Jim, Engineer, pp. 18 Byrd, Admiral Richard E, pp. 2, 30 Calvert, Jim, 53-54 Dufek, Admiral George, Commander of Deep Freeze I, pp. 6, 23-24 Hidalgo, Ed, p. 57 Irving, III, Spencer, Ensign, Communications Officer, pp. 18, 36 Johnson, Ralph C., Admiral, USN, p. 13 Miller, Henry, Navigator, USS ARNEB, p. 7 Ott, Eric, Second Division Officer, pp. 18, 36 Owens, Archibald, Chief Engineer, pp. 19 Renz, Don, Asst. First Lt. and Gunnery Officer, pp. 17-19, 36 Rodin, Bill, pp. 56-57 Siple, Paul, p. 30 Smythe, Lawrence, Capt. USN, Captain of Arneb, pp. 12-14, 27-30, 47-49 Steele, George, p. 54 Vogt, Rochus, young German expert on cosmic rays, pp. 20, 30 Wheeler, Robert, First Lt., Head of the deck department, pp. 19, 29, 36 Wiley, III, Joseph C., Admiral, USN, pp. 11-12, 53-54
              Interview of Stephen Riley by Raimund E. Goerler        
    Interview of Stephen Riley by Raimund E. Goerler Riley, Stephen, 1929- Mr. Stephen Riley entered the Navy in 1947, hoping to attend college on the G.I. Bill. He became interested in photography. After the Korean War started his tour was extended another year. This extension prevented him from returning to Rochester, N.Y. and obtaining a job at Eastman Kodak. In Korea, he specialized in aerial photography and mapping. In 1960, he became a navigator on the Navy’s photographic reconnaissance jets, sky warrior. He and four others were commissioned as officers in heavy photographic, Squadron 62. At the start of the Vietnam War, he was sent to Guam and joined the Photographic Squadron 61. They did aerial mapping of Laos and Vietnam. While at Guam, he received orders to go to Antarctica. The National Science Foundation had a higher priority for aerial photographers than Vietnam. He describes his first impressions of Antarctica and the extreme cold. The aerial mapping was done with a C-130 Hercules plane. For some of the mapping, they were based in Chile. He was impressed by the cooperation among the scientists from many countries. Mr. Riley stays in contact with colleagues through the Old Antarctica Explorers Association. A highlight of his Antarctic experience was the high rating of his photographs by the National Geodesic Group. The magnetic field in Antarctica played havoc with their magnetic navigation devices. He summarized the training of pilots and navigators to Arctic conditions. Communication with family often involved ham radio. Major Topics 1. Reasons for joining the Navy in 1947 and making it a career. 2. Mr. Riley specialized in aerial photography and became a Navy photo navigator. 3. After doing aerial mapping over South Vietnam, he was assigned to Antarctica. 4. Mr. Riley describes his experience of going from Guam to the first steps at McMurdo. 5. He was assigned as a photographer to the National Geodesic Survey of Antarctica. 6. During the three years, he used a trimetric set-up with the cameras. 7. Mt. Riley was named after him. 8. For some mapping, the base was in Chile. 9. He was impressed by the dedication among scientists of different countries. 10. As an early visitor to the Russian station at Vostok, he had a pleasant experience with the Russians. 11. The National Science Foundation took over the Antarctic Project from the Navy. 12. The Old Antarctic Explorers Association provides persons the opportunities to relive times in Antarctica. 13. Mr. Riley describes some highlights and some disappointments during his 3 years in Antarctica. 14. The problems of navigation with magnetic devices and of landing planes with the skies are discussed. 15. For Mr. Riley and others, the Antarctic experience usually leads to advancements in the profession. 16. Water for processing film was often in short supply. 17. The cameras were stored in special rooms, to prevent fogging. 18. The food was usually good and in the summer, fresh vegetables, fruit, and milk were flown in from New Zealand. 19. Ham radio was used to call home. “If you have never been to Antarctica and have the opportunity to go, don’t ever pass it up.” Key Individuals Mentioned 1. President Harry Truman p.1 2. William McDonald p.5 3. Jean Van Reef p.8 4. Commander Morris P.8 5. Dan Bailey p.8 6. Fred Schneider p.8 7. Lt. Brian Shoemaker p.8 8. Dr. Werner von Braun p.9 9. John Reimer p.16, 23 10. Ed Feeney p.19 11. Virgil Klein p.20 12. Pierre Gernan p.20 13. Barry Goldwater p.24
              Tamil Hot Actress Pics        
    Source(google.com.pk)
    Tamil Hot Actress Pics Biography


    Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. Its capital is Chennai, the largest city. Tamil Nadu lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union territory of Pondicherry, and the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It is bound by the Eastern Ghats in the north, the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Palakkad on the west, by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Gulf of Mannar, the Palk Strait in the south east, and by the Indian Ocean in the south.
    Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India by area and the seventh most populous state. It is the second largest state economy in India as of 2012.The state ranked among the top 5 states in India in Human Development Index as of 2006. Tamil Nadu is also the most urbanised state in India.The state has the highest number (10.56%) of business enterprises and stands second in total employment (9.97%) in India,compared to the population share of about 6%.
    The region has been the home of the Tamil people since at least 500 BCE. Its official language Tamil has been in use in inscriptions and literature for over 2000 years.Tamil Nadu is home to many natural resources, Hindu temples of Dravidian architecture, hill stations, beach resorts, multi-religious pilgrimage sites and eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

    Main article: History of Tamil Nadu
    Tamil Nadu's history dates back to pre-historic times. Archaeological evidence points to this area (In places like Adhichanallur,Tirunelveli) being one of the longest continuous habitations in India.[10] In Adichanallur, 24 km (15 mi) from Tirunelveli, archaeologists from the Archaeological Survey of India unearthed 169 clay urns containing human skulls, skeletons and bones, plus husks and grains of rice, charred rice and Neolithic celts, giving evidence confirming them to be of the Neolithic period, 3800 years ago.The ASI archaeologists have proposed that the script used at that site is "very rudimentary" Tamil Brahmi.Adichanallur has been announced as an archaeological site for further excavation and studies.About 60% of the total epigraphical inscriptions found by ASI in India are from Tamil Nadu and most of which are in Tamil language.Geologists have discovered hundreds of fossilised dinosaur eggs, perhaps 65 million years old, underneath a stream in a tiny village in Ariyalur district.Researchers from the Salem-based Periyar University believe that the clusters of eggs belonged to the aggressive Carnosaur and the leaf-eating Sauropoda.
    [edit]Early history (Sangam Period- 300BCE-300CE)
    Main article: Sangam period

    Roman pottery excavated in Arikamedu (1st century AD, Guimet Museum)
    The early history of the people and rulers of Tamil Nadu is spotlighted by Tamil literature known as Sangam literature. Numismatic, archaeological and literature sources corroborate that the Sangam period lasted for about six centuries spanning 300 BCE – 300 CE. Three dynasties, namely Chera, Chola and Pandya, ruled the whole of present-day Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The Chera ruled the whole of present day Kerala and parts of western Tamil Nadu comprising Coimbatore, Karur, Salem and Erode districts from the capital of Vanchi Muthur (thought to be modern day Karur). The Chola dynasty ruled the northern and central parts of Tamil Nadu from Uraiyur as capital, and the Pandya dynasty ruled southern Tamil Nadu from Korkai and Madurai as capital. All three dynasties had extensive trade relationships with then known ancient kingdoms of Rome, Greece, Egypt, Ceylon, Phoenicia, Arabia, Mesopotamia and Persia. Trade flourished in commodities like spices, ivory, pearls, beads and gems. Chera traded extensively from Muziris on the west coast, Chola from Arikamedu and Puhar and Pandya through Korkai port. The Greco-Roman trade and travel document Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (c. 60–100 CE) gives an elaborate description of the Tamil country and its ports. The Kalabhras invaded and displaced the three Tamil kingdoms and ruled between the third and the seventh centuries CE of the Sangam period. This is referred to as the Dark Age in Tamil history. They were expelled by the Pallavas and the Pandyas in the sixth century.

    During the Kalabhras' rule Buddhism flourished in the land of the Tamils. The didactic work Naaladiyar was composed during their reign. It consists of moral sayings in the venpa meter, 400 in number in 40 chapters, each by one Buddhist ascetic, according to tradition. Following the tradition of Tamil Buddhism, Naaladiyar emphasises virtues such as control of the senses, Dhamma (Lord Buddha's teaching), renunciation, and other desirable social qualities. Pali was the court language of the Kalabhras who were also called Kalapara or Kalaparaya according to the Koramangalam inscription.

    Shore Temple built by the Pallavas at Mamallapuram (c. eighth century C.E.) – UNESCO World Heritage Site.
    During the fourth to eighth centuries C.E., Tamil Nadu saw the rise of the Pallavas under Mahendravarman I and his son Mamalla Narasimhavarman I and his uncle Bodhidharma.The Pallavas ruled a large portion of South India with Kanchipuram as their capital. Dravidian architecture reached its peak during Pallava rule. Narasimhavarman II built the Shore Temple which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Pallavas were replaced by the Cholas as the dominant kingdom in the 10th century C.E. and they in turn were replaced by Pandyas in the 13th century C.E. The Pandyan capital Madurai was in the deep south away from the coast. They had extensive trade links with the Southeast Asian maritime empires of Srivijaya and their successors, as well as contacts, even formal diplomatic contacts, reaching as far as the Roman Empire. During the 13th century C.E. Marco Polo mentioned the Pandyas as the richest empire in existence. Temples such as the Meenakshi Amman Temple at Madurai and Nellaiappar Temple at Tirunelveli are the best examples of Pandyan temple architecture.The Pandyas excelled in both trade and literature. They controlled the pearl fisheries along the South Indian coast, between Sri Lanka and India, which produced some of the finest pearls in the known ancient world.

    Main article: Chola dynasty
    Chola Empire under Rajendra Chola c. 1030 C.E.
    A sculpture at Airavatesvara Temple, Darasuram, built by Tamil Chola Kings. The group of monuments are UNESCO World Heritage sites
    The Cholas, who were very active during the Sangam age, were entirely absent during