'..Angela Merkel .. calling Erdogan’s Nazi jibes “completely unacceptable”.' (no replies)        
'Erdogan is “looking for ‘imagined’ foreign enemies to boost his nationalist base in the run-up to the referendum,” said Soner Cagaptay, the director of the Turkish Research Programme at the Washington Institute.'

'European leaders have told Recep Tayyip Erdogan to avoid inflammatory language while Ankara threatened sanctions against the Netherlands as diplomatic relations between Turkey and several EU members soured dramatically.

..

On Monday, the German chancellor, Angela Merkel, responded by pledging her “full support and solidarity” to the Netherlands, calling Erdogan’s Nazi jibes “completely unacceptable”.

..

The Netherlands, Austria, Germany, Denmark and Switzerland have cited security and other concerns for their reluctance to allow Turkish officials to campaign in their countries.

..

Erdogan is “looking for ‘imagined’ foreign enemies to boost his nationalist base in the run-up to the referendum,” said Soner Cagaptay, the director of the Turkish Research Programme at the Washington Institute.'

- Jon Henley, EU tells Erdogan not to escalate diplomatic row over political rallies, March 13, 2017


Context

European Commission calls on Turkey to moderate its tone in row with Dutch, March 13, 2017

'.."unacceptable comments" by the Turkish authorities..'

'..Erdogan .. way out of line..'

          Huge Remote-Controlled Airbus A380        

Michael Schlemmer impresses with his remote-controlled Airbus A380 at a model airshow in Switzerland. The world’s biggest Remote Control Airliner A-380, Singapore Design. Air-Show 2013, Switzerland. It’s an outstanding example of precision engineering. The details are: Airbus A380-800 Singapore Airlines Scale 1:15 Length: 4.80 metre Wingspan: 5.30 metre Weight: 70.8 kg Fuel capacity: 10 litre […]

The post Huge Remote-Controlled Airbus A380 appeared first on Millhill Supplies Ltd..


          Euros Punt Podcast: 19th June        
The final round of group fixtures kick off on Sunday evening, with Switzerland taking on France and Romania playing Albania in Group A. On this edition of the podcast, Oliver Zesiger offers up his thoughts on Switzerland and Andrew Gibney provided the French perspective as they both join Mark Walton. Enjoy. http://serve.williamhill.com/promoRedirect?member=audiobooUK&campaign=DEFAULT&channel=will_football&zone=1478396557&lp=1478422550
          The Punt: Euros Podcast 15th June         
Jack Critchley looks ahead to three games on Wednesday and is joined by Andrew Gibney on France v Albania, Alan Moore on Russia v Slovakia and Oliver Zesiger on Romania v Switzerland.
          The Euros - Group A Preview        
Group A sees the hosts France joined by Switzerland, Romania and Albania. Dave Kelner and Lee Phelps offer up their best bets here. Enjoy.
          Hospitalization in Switzerland: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska)        
Hospitalization in Switzerland: Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) International Refugee Organization This item comes from a region where place names vary historically and politically. We have used the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names (TGN) as a source for controlled place names. (http://www.getty.edu/research/conducting_research/vocabularies/tgn/); Document about hospitalization of Alexandra Klaudia Melnyk (nee Alexandra Klaudia Yezerska) in Switzerland. The document issued in Munich, Germany and dated January 5, 1950.; Munich; Switzerland
          Westinghouse Continues to Serve Leibstadt Nuclear Power Station Fuel Needs in Switzerland        

Westinghouse Electric Company today announced that Kernkraftwerk Leibstadt AG has decided to extend its fuel contract with Westinghouse for manufacturing and delivery of fuel to the nuclear power plant in Leibstadt, Switzerland.

(PRWeb December 10, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/12/prweb11407837.htm


          Why Didn't The Store Just Let Oprah Buy The $38,000 Handbag?        
On the list of things to be outraged about at the moment, I'll admit this isn't at the top: The Swiss tourism office apologized to Oprah on Friday because she wasn't allowed to buy a $38,000 designer handbag while recently shopping in Switzerland. Poor lil' Oprah. *sad face*

It does make me wonder, though, can you ever be rich enough or famous enough or beautiful enough to not be racially profiled while shopping?

First, here's what happened.

           David Cross Doppelganger Running for Office in Switzerland         
David Cross Doppelganger Running for Office in Switzerland

David Cross Doppelganger Running for ...
This is a photo from the Swiss Labour Party. Or it's not? Perhaps it's a shot from the upcoming season of Arrested Development and this is Tobias Funke's new venture. (via Buzzfeed: http://www.buzzfeed.com/stacylambe/david-cross-doppelgnger-is-running-for-office)
Submitted by: Look What I Found
Regular
Keywords: david cross tobias funke david cross twin swiss labour party swiss labour party david cross swiss politician arrested development
Views: 16,704


          Fundraising Specialist – Digital Engagement (P3) - Daryl Upsall Consulting International SL - Geneva, QC        
Fundraising Specialist – Digital Engagement (P3) PFP/PSFR - Fundraising and Partnerships/Fundraising Services Location: Geneva, Switzerland Reporting to:
From CharityVillage.com - Fri, 21 Jul 2017 13:49:19 GMT - View all Geneva, QC jobs
          FreeSwitzerland, une Musique libre!        
Dans la section Ambiances, une musique libre sous licence "ArtLibre" est à votre disposition. Adresse: http://www.musicscreen.be/musique-libre-de-droit-ambiances1.html
          15 Castelos incríveis ao redor do globo        
Embora tenham sido projetados e construídos para o efeito importante de defesa, hoje os castelos parecem construções um pouco irrealistas diretamente do mundo de conto de fadas. De fortalezas sólidas para palácios orientais altamente decorativos, os castelos são a nossa ligação ao passado, onde as lendas se misturar com a história e a realidade se mistura com a terra das fadas.

Alcázar of Segovia. Spain

Burg Eltz Castle. Germany

Castle Howard. England

Chambord Castle. France

Conwy Castle. Wales

Corfe Castle. England

Eilean Donan Castle. Scotland

Guaita Fortress. San Marino

Himeji Castle. Japan

Matsumoto Castle. Japan

Neuschwanstein Castle. Germany

Peleş Castle. Romania

Prague Castle. The Czech Republic

Hohenzollern Castle. Germany

Neuchâtel Castle. Switzerland


OpenTravel.com


          Top-to-bottom euphoria in this pleasant new video from Zermatt, Switzerland        

Sami Ortlieb, Rob Heule, Will Wesson and Andre Anufriev recently ventured to Zermatt, Switzerland for some warm, sunny park laps and this video from the trip makes you feel like you were right there with ’em. It’s one long, continuous shot of the crew weaving through Snowpark Zermatt, at the foot of the Matterhorn—full of […]

The post Top-to-bottom euphoria in this pleasant new video from Zermatt, Switzerland appeared first on Freeskier Magazine.


          â€œThe poor man’s selfie drone” is here, and it’s amazing        

Nico Vuignier has done it again. The skier known for his out-of-the-box videos just came out with a new offering dubbed The poor man’s selfie drone that is straight-up awesome. It features Vuignier tossing a GoPro attached to a plane mechanism of sorts, and capturing wild selfie shots at Crans-Montana in Switzerland. Check it out, […]

The post “The poor man’s selfie drone” is here, and it’s amazing appeared first on Freeskier Magazine.


          Cody Cirillo tears up Colorado and Switzerland like a boss in new Faction edit        

You’ve likely seen Cody Cirillo shredding in the esteemed Faction Collective edits—absolutely destroying Colorado parks and taking those skills to massive, hand-built booters at Verbier. Now, you get to watch his footage from the 2015-16 episodes in one badass edit. Enjoy, and keep your eyes peeled for Cirillo in Faction’s next project: a full-length film […]

The post Cody Cirillo tears up Colorado and Switzerland like a boss in new Faction edit appeared first on Freeskier Magazine.


          Full-on charge-mode in Zermatt, Switzerland, featuring Sam Allen        

When you think of the UK, you probably don’t think of skiing. If anything, dry slopes may come to mind… But there are actually a lot of rippers that come out of the area, despite not having a whole lot of local skiing opportunities. Exhibit A: Sam Allen, who tore up Zermatt, Switzerland like a […]

The post Full-on charge-mode in Zermatt, Switzerland, featuring Sam Allen appeared first on Freeskier Magazine.


          SRG SSR schliesst Partnerschaft mit dem Motocross-Grand-Prix Switzerland         
Am Wochenende vom 12./13. August 2017 findet in Frauenfeld TG zum zweiten Mal der Motocross-Grand-Prix Switzerland statt. Neu bietet die SRG dem grössten Motorsportevent der Schweiz eine mediale Bühne. SRF, RTS, RSI und RTR können bis 2018 live in TV, Radio und Onlinemedien über den MXGP Switzerland berichten..
          John Kerry Reporting For Duty Once Again        
Unfortunately, Kerry's duty these days includes offending the very Americans he claimed to want to serve two years ago and misrepresenting the facts about his own country. After Kerry's claim of a "botched joke" pretty much did in his potential 2008 Presidential run, he now seems to be in a full spiral downhill. This week the "John Kerry Self-Destruction Tour" stopped off in Davos, Switzerland, where the world's leaders are gathering for the World Economic Forum.

Kerry, while sharing the stage with the former President of Iran Mohammad Khatami during a discussion entitled, "The Future of the Middle East," took the opportunity on foreign soil nonetheless, to blast away at American foreign policy. Kerry said, "So we have a crisis of confidence in the Middle East - in the world, really. I've never seen our country as isolated, as much as a sort of international pariah for a number of reasons as it is today." He added, "When we walk away from global warming, Kyoto, when we are irresponsibly slow in moving toward AIDS in Africa, when we don't advance and live up to our own rhetoric and standards, we set a terrible message of duplicity and hypocrisy."

What's most hypocritical and duplicitous about this statement is that Kerry actually favored not ratifying the Kyoto treaty, along with the rest of the Senate in 1995. In a unanimous 95-0 vote, the Senate passed the Byrd-Hagel Resolution, which stated the following:
Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that--
(1) the United States should not be a signatory to any protocol to, or other agreement regarding, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change of 1992, at negotiations in Kyoto in December 1997, or thereafter, which would--
(A) mandate new commitments to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions for the Annex I Parties, unless the protocol or other agreement also mandates new specific scheduled commitments to limit or reduce greenhouse gas emissions for Developing Country Parties within the same compliance period, or
(B) would result in serious harm to the economy of the United States; and
(2) any such protocol or other agreement which would require the advice and consent of the Senate to ratification should be accompanied by a detailed explanation of any legislation or regulatory actions that may be required to implement the protocol or other agreement and should also be accompanied by an analysis of the detailed financial costs and other impacts on the economy of the United States which would be incurred by the implementation of the protocol or other agreement.

Additionally, Bill Clinton never submitted Kyoto to the Senate to be ratified and even Al Gore admitted that he would not ratify an ammendment until it had been written to include developing nations as well.

So basically, Kerry voted against it before he voted for it. Duplicity and Hypocricy - John Kerry style. So to recap - Kerry lied and whined - all on foreign soil. What a great American!
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          [news] Grudge Match: China vs. Europe + "It's Malaysia Time ..."        
Tuesday, September 7, 2004
Dateline: China
 
This week marks the debut of my bi-weekly (or so) column for the AlwaysOn Network, Silicon Valley's premier online social networking venue (and unofficially linked to Silicon Valley's premier in person social networking venue, the Churchill Club; I'm a member of both).  I will be sharing "Letter from China" columnist duties with Paul Waide, the head of Pacific Epoch, a Shanghai-based boutique consultancy that advises hedge funds on alternative investments in China.  My first column is on Shanghai and a couple/few forthcoming columns will examine cultural differences between Chinese Nationals, Chinese-Americans and Anglo-Americans, especially within the context of IT and IT marketing.  I will post my AlwaysOn "Letter from China" columns to this blog/e-newsletter, although please be advised that my intended audience are readers based in Silicon Valley.
 
Grudge Match: China vs. Europe
 
Staying on topic, I'd like to make a comment about a recent "Grudge Match" on the AlwaysOn Network.  See the item marked "Grudge Match" for 08.05.04 (5 August 2004) at http://www.alwayson-network.com/polling/index.php .
 
In the referenced "Grudge Match," China was pitted against Europe.  China received 45% of the votes in contrast to Europe's 55%.  Frankly, I'm surprised that China did so well.  I've found that the AO "Grudge Match" results tend to indicate sentiment more so than reality.  For example, a recent match pitted SpaceShipOne against NASA and SSO absolutely clobbered NASA (besides, perhaps most of the votes for NASA came from either Ames or the Blue Cube).  Of course, SSO is a high school science experiment compared to what NASA is doing, but I believe the results accurately reflect sentiment. 
 
But what is amazing (to me, at least) is that China was pitted against Europe in the first place!  Let's face it, this is a rather goofy "grudge match."  For Europe to include First World nations such as Germany, France, the U.K., Ireland, Italy, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark (yes, some countries are intentionally left out) -- and to compare the collective whole of First World Europe (a.k.a. "Western Europe") to China is absurd.  If this was First World Europe vs. China circa 2020, okay.  But TODAY?  Yet, the sentiment indicator showed a strong vote in favor of China.  Europe "won," but barely.
 
I propose the following "grudge match":  China vs. "Eastern Europe" (i.e., the former Soviet Bloc).  Look, if China can do so well against Europe as a whole (including First World Europe), I'm sure China would absolutely kick Second World Europe's butt!!  And a China "grudge match" against Eastern Europe more accurately reflects current "history."
 
But even this is a bit misleading.  The real "grudge match" is this:  China + India vs. Second World Europe.  And given this choice, only someone stranded on Mars for the past decade might choose Second World Europe.  Yet, this is the real so-called "grudge match."  First World Europe is in descent, to be sure, but it's descending from a high altitude.  It will take at least a decade or two for China (and/or India) to truly match First World Europe.  But China ALREADY is superior to Second World Europe.  And don't rant about NATO and EU memberships; this is simply window dressing.  Then combine China with India versus Second World Europe, playing into my "Golden Triangle" theme, i.e., it's all about the U.S., India and China.  This is where the action is, ESPECIALLY in IT.
 
"It's Malaysia Time ..."
 
I must be getting punchy since I'm borrowing a theme from a beer commercial, but it seems that Malaysia is experiencing its 15 minutes of fame.  The Philippines has recently been "hot," and several articles of late have been touting Malaysia (see, for example, an article which appeared in Space Daily).  Frankly, I'm getting tired of all this nonsense.  Look, when it comes to ITO (IT outsourcing) in East Asia, there are just two choices, i.e., India and China.  And, it's not really a competition; both have their strengths and weaknesses.  A few crumbs to Singers (Singapore), maybe even a few crumbs to the Kiwis (New Zealand).  The Philippines deserves notice, albeit passing notice, and Malaysia might be okay for some BPO.  But ITO?  Come on, give me a break!!  See my Furl archive for more links.
 
The only thing I recently found interesting regarding Malaysia was an article on Satyam's IT boot camp in Malaysia.  This isn't really unique, after all, IBM has been doing this sort of thing for decades.  So does HP.  Kind of like training plus a bit of brainwashing, but the brainwashing is acceptable since it includes political survival skills -- and said skills are essential, especially in F500 corporations.  But I like the idea of SI (systems integrator)-based training:  This way SIs can focus on "real" versus theoretically perceived needs.
 
IT Tidbits
 
Which certifications have the best ROI (return on investment)?  Playing off the idea of SI-based training, which are the most important certifications?  Well, Cisco leads with three out of the top five, although Microsoft picks up a couple of "wins" when looking at fastest-growing ROI, with RedHat and Oracle getting one win each.  SIs in China may also want to benchmark how much U.S. employees are paid given a certain certification, e.g., Microsoft DBAs receive an annual average salary of US$80,600.  Think about how much SIs in China pay for a certified Microsoft DBA.  For example, what do they get paid in Jinan -- or even in Dalian?  Compare this to US$80,600.  Spot any opportunities?  See http://tinyurl.com/3nvpz and http://tinyurl.com/6r2s5 .
 
ITO in the news.  Two particularly noteworthy items.  First, ITO got Slashdotted.  The Slashdot links are worth a review.  Probably some good insight into what American software engineers are thinking and feeling.  The second is a review of Lou Dobbs' new book on ITO and BPO.  Mr. Dobbs is a well-respected host on CNN; his views shouldn't be taken lightly.  A couple of excerpts from the review:
 
"GE, as Dobbs makes clear in abundant detail, is only one of many companies outsourcing high-tech and professional jobs to India and other parts of the world where wage expectations are lower.  Among the others spotlighted by Dobbs for outsourcing jobs to India, the Philippines, Romania, Ireland, Poland and other countries are IBM, SAS Institute, Intel, Microsoft, Perot Systems, Apple, Computer Associates, Dell, Hewlett-Packard, Oracle and Sun Microsystems."  My comment:  Romania is the Changsha of Third World Europe, i.e., their programmers are about as cheap as programmers come.
 
"'India can provide our software; China can provide our toys; Sri Lanka can make our clothes; Japan make our cars.  But at some point we have to ask, what will we export?  At what will Americans work?  And for what kind of wages?  No one I've asked in government, business or academia has been able to answer those questions,' Dobbs writes."  See the review in the Tallahassee Democrat or my Furl link .
 
So-called infrastructure vendors beat out app vendors in terms of their ability to meet expected ROI and TCO (total cost of ownership) levels.  I don't really like the way infrastructure and application vendors are defined in this article and related survey, but top honors go to IBM and Microsoft.  There's a lot being written between the lines, but in general this plays into my "build-to-a-stack" strategy, albeit Oracle is left behind.  See http://tinyurl.com/3tpjo .
 
Speaking of Microsoft ...  A good, quick review of the various IBUs (independent business units) at Microsoft.  (See http://tinyurl.com/5rjtk .)  For a take on MBS, see http://tinyurl.com/6k4dp .
 
New marketing technologies.  Interesting article from the premier issue of CMO (Chief Marketing Officer).  There are two ways to view this:  1) which marketing technologies can be used by SIs in China for their own marketing endeavors, and 2) which marketing technologies will likely be adopted by retailers, e-commerce sites, financial institutions and numerous other sectors -- and which in house skills does an SI in China need to implement these new technologies (all of which are IT-related)?  See http://tinyurl.com/57wvp .
 
Looking for partners in the utility computing space?  For a start, try the top 25 vendors.  (See http://tinyurl.com/48s9j .)  Yankee gives a quick look at utility computing ROI (see http://tinyurl.com/5fw88 ).  HP chimes in with their take, too (see http://tinyurl.com/58mhg ; it's a PDF).
 
The battle of the SI globals.  Two related articles both based on the same Forrester report.  (See http://tinyurl.com/6tfrn and http://tinyurl.com/5tljq .)  Issues being considered include scalability (i.e., handling US$100+ million accounts), the need for broad offerings (e.g., strategy consulting) and expanding geographical presence (hey, where is EDS in China?).   "(T)he (Forrester) study finds that Infosys and Wipro have melded together a mix of CMMI, P-CMM, Six Sigma and ISO 9000 to create a culture focused on consistent and repeatable processes and value-added tools."  For China's SIs, mostly food for thought -- and a bit of dreaming.
 
... and how to battle the globals.  The article was a bit silly, after all, G2000 firms joining forces to battle Accenture or Infosys doesn't really fit the notion of smaller firms joining forces.  But I believe that they're on the right track and that a myriad of partnerships will be formed to most effectively capture new business and battle the globals.  However, ISVs (independent software vendors) have to walk a very fine line.  SIs need to carefully consider ISV responses and existing alliances.  See http://tinyurl.com/7xj82 .
 
"Infosys to set up second outsourcing facility in China."  The article states that Infosys is running out of space in their Pudong facility and that they're scouting for additional digs.  Come on, guys, running out of space?  There's not enough space in the Shanghai Pudong Software Park?  I don't think so ...  The reality is that Infosys needs to find lower cost developers.  As my column on Shanghai for AO's "Letter from China" notes, developers in Shanghai are a bit pricey compared to other places in China.  Infosys China is primarily servicing their global customers in China and looking for high-end integration within the domestic market.  However, this is a tough nut to crack and Infosys will need another development center to lower their overall costs -- and this is why they are looking for additional space IN ANOTHER CITY.  The idea that they're running out of space in the SPSP is ridiculous.  (I've been to their Shanghai digs ...)  See http://tinyurl.com/6nz8d .
 
Zensar gets broader press coverage.  Kind of like watching a meme, a couple of non-Indian IT trades have picked up the Zensar/Broadengate announcement.  See http://tinyurl.com/65afx and http://tinyurl.com/3jh2r .
 
"Rethinking the business case for Java."  A good article.  Hmmm ... maybe not much of a case, eh?    Hey, I'm still a believer.  See http://tinyurl.com/5hbcn .  Of course, Java programming ain't what it used to be ...
 
"The selling of SOA."  Two-part series in Line56.  SUPERB!!  (I prefer the singular to the plural, i.e., "architecture" versus "architectures"; personal preference.)  Reviews various viewpoints on SOA.  See http://tinyurl.com/6xqdn and http://tinyurl.com/6tw9o .
 
Urls update.  Expect to see lots and lots of stuff on software engineering and development.  Great stuff, too!!  Later this week.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
 
http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
http://tinyurl.com/2azkh (current blog postings for viewing in other browsers and for access to blog content archives in the US & ROW)
http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
 
 
To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
 

          Melody Rose Christmas        
We are getting ready for Christmas and thought we’d let you know, we’ve updated our last posting dates for you here. LAST CHRISTMAS POSTING DATES   UK – Dec 21st 2016 or 22nd Dec 2016 for Express Delivery Austria, Denmark, Iceland, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Switzerland, Belgium, France, Ireland, Luxembourg – December 16th 2016 USA/Canada/Finland for Christmas 2016 – 15th Dec […]
          FT column: Cities are hard to see through skyscrapers        

Everywhere one ventures in cities, skyscrapers are being built or planned. Even Paris is getting one. The French capital last week backed plans for a 180-metre high triangular tower by Herzog & de Meuron of Switzerland, its first in four decades.

Read more
          Eating as an agricultural act        
SUBHEAD: The taste of good food comes from the land and it tells you its tale on your tongue.

By Alicia Miller on 6 August 2017 for Sustainable Food Table -
(http://sustainablefoodtrust.org/articles/eating-as-an-agricultural-act/)


Image above: A rounf of raw milk farmer's cheese. From (http://momsdish.com/recipe/267/farmers-cheese).

Wendell Berry’s astute statement that “eating is an agricultural act,” uncontrovertibly connects food back to the land and back to the soil.

As he reminds us elsewhere, the soil is where we begin in the most fundamental way: it is “…the great connector of lives, the source and destination of all… Without proper care for it we can have no community, because without proper care for it we can have no life.”

One of the sessions at the Harmony in Food and Farming conference featured Darina Allen, Bronwen Percival and Illtud Dunsford, and took Berry’s statement as a starting point, going on to explore this most essential relationship between food and the land from which it comes.

Darina Allen, who chaired the session, is one of the early doyennes of the farm to table movement that had its efflorescence in the 70s and 80s.

Having founded Ballymaloe Cookery School in 1983, the school has a long and illustrious history introducing chefs and other students to the ethos of ‘Slow Food’ cooking, using the wonderful organic produce of the Ballymaloe farm.

The session focused on the two very personal journeys from farm to table of the session’s speakers.

Bronwen Percival has for many years been the cheese buyer for Neal’s Yard Dairy.

Her interest in cheese and dairying more generally has roots in her own family history – her grandfather emigrated from Switzerland to California in 1906, starting up a small mixed farm which grew over decades into an intensive dairy enterprise that finally collapsed when, even with 2300 cows milking, it could not compete with ever larger and more intensive farms.

Percival is a purveyor of farmhouse cheeses and she seeks out those for purchase by Neal’s Yard Dairy which still retain the distinctive specificity of place of the farms where they were made.

She spends her time travelling to farms and working with farmers to encourage best practice and the sharing of knowledge between farmers, breaking down the silos in which many of them live and work, to extend learning.

Percival is concerned about the knowledge and expertise lost as dairying and the tradition of farmhouse cheeses changed “so drastically” with the rise of intensification. The industrialisation of cheese has been a serious threat to quality farmhouse cheese, and Percival is most interested in the microbial communities that are specific to a farm and give cheese a distinctiveness that is like no other farm.

She has been researching this over the past few years and is shortly to be publishing a book on the topic Reinventing the Wheel: Milk, Microbes and the Fight for Real Cheese.

The root of this specificity goes straight back to soil and the fields and forage that animals graze on a farm. Percival commented that, “Cheesemaking is about ecology and farming…this involves the soil, the land, the plant biodiversity on each farm and the ecology of that entire system. This is where cheese starts.”

While the milk produced by grazing ruminants on very specific fields may not have much variation in flavour, when this milk is processed into cheese, the very diverse array of microbial life particular to that farm becomes vividly apparent. Farmhouse cheese should taste of the farm it comes from and tell the taster about the farming system which produced it.

Cheesemaking on the level of farmhouse cheese is governed by locality and the importance of this is something that has been lost in industrial cheese production. Allen commented on how eating has changed and people eat fewer and fewer local foods. This decline in local diets may also be having an impact on health.

“Each farm has its own ecosystem and flora and the food that comes from it is uniquely from that place and for local people, it’s local food. But nowadays, the reality of most people’s lives…very little of the food that people eat is actually local food.

Years ago, [people] would have had their own milk, their own eggs, their own vegetables; [these] would have come from the local area and would be carrying local antibodies.”

The disappearance of local foods in local diets is notable in British cheese-making. Percival recites a litany of decline among local cheeses – in 1939, there were 333 farmhouse producers of Cheddar, in Somerset, and in 2017 that had declined to 3; similarly, Wensleydale, in the same period went from 176 to 1; and the last farmhouse Stilton ceased production in 1935.

The homogenisation of cheese from industrial production is a threat to farmhouse cheese the world over. Percival commented that, “We are at the end point of a very long decline in the profitability and sustainability of making cheese on farms.”

We need to return to cheesemaking that reflects the flavour of farming and understands the value of small-scale and the particularity it brings to cheese.

The conversation moved to Illtud Dunsford, who comes from a long line of farmers working the same valley near Llanelli in West Wales for over 300 years. Dunsford was a Nuffield scholar and was interested in the harvest of pigs across the globe, looking at how the whole pig was used.

His story is one steeped in history and tradition – his farm dates back to the 12th century and features in the Mabinogion.

He raises Welsh Pigs and feeds them using ‘waste’ co-products – such as brewer’s grains, whey, bread, waste beer – again a very traditional aspect of animal husbandry. Dunsford also sources local feed, mainly barley and wheat as alternatives to soya. ‘Pannage’ – the tradition of taking pigs into the woods to eat acorns and other wind-fall food in the autumn – is also something he does.

Dunsford is raising slow growing pigs in contrast to conventional practice in pig production – he is interested in flavour, not mass.

The Welsh Pig is a rare breed that is coming back from a steep decline and Dunsford has been working with the Pedigree Welsh Pig Society to save the genetic specificity of the breed and also to have these pigs designated as Traditional Speciality Guaranteed, under the European Protected Food Name programme.

This designation is defined not just by the particularity of the pig in a specific place but also by a traditional farm system of raising and harvesting these pigs – it is ‘Traditionally Reared Pedigree Welsh Pork’.

It is important to Dunsford that his products come out of a farming system which privileges slow development, high animal welfare and locality. Dunsford is now seeking a further designation from Slow Food as a ‘Presidia Product’.

This designation “sustains quality production at risk of extinction” and encompasses relationships with the farmers, processors, chefs and all the people linked to that product.

Dunsford and Percival both tell stories that grow out of family history and argue for the importance, and indeed the necessity, of farming systems which make explicit connections with the land and communities they sit within.

That food always links back to its production system – both good and bad – is the essence of the statement ‘Eating is an agricultural act’. The taste of good food comes from the land and it tells you its tale on your tongue.

.

          Welcome        

ChocoSol is a small, ecological and inter-communities initiative between farmers in Chiapas, Mexico, sustainable technologists based out of Oaxaca City, Mexico and horizontal traders and chocolatiers in Toronto, Ontario. The initial concept emerged from a research project at the Universidad de la Tierra in Oaxaca City that resulted in the development of solar roasters.

With the synergy of minds and hearts, the project has grown into an intercultural ad-venture, linking farmers and ecologically-minded producers in Southern Mexico with ecological and socially conscious producers and consumers in Southern Ontario. We work with the growers to help them diversify their production and elaborate their products.

ChocoSol is embarking on a friendlier trade route beyond the Fair Trade model, defining it as horizontal trade. This new structure is:

  • more direct and not determined by the markets in New York
  • akin to community supported agriculture
  • emphasizes diversity of production
  • influenced by Slow Food and food politics, and a form of pro-activism.

ChocoSol believes in the importance of creativity in the labour process and understanding the whole process in order to combine ethical, dietary, and ecological decision-making.

In all its endeavours, ChocoSol ultimately honours the spirit and integrity of all those involved in spreading the joy, flavour and nourishment that the cacao bean offers to the world.

Be Healthy and Happy!

Eat Chocolate and Cacao!

Cacao has been recently recognized as a superfood, meaning that it is filled with a multitude of goodness.

Cacao Beans and Dark Chocolate:

  • Promote cardiovascular health
  • Protect us from toxins
  • Increase the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain that promote positive outlook
  • Counter acts clinical depression
  • Balances brain chemistry
  • Build strong bones
  • Detoxify the liver
  • Support healthy pancreas functioning

Cacao Beans contain:

  • two saturated fatty acids, palmitic and stearic acids, and the mono-unsaturated oleic acid
  • Polyphenols with the antioxidant properties called flavonoids
  • Theobromine, a mild stimulant with a mild diuretic action
  • a very low amount of caffeine
  • the essential minerals: magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc, copper, potassium and manganese
  • Vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, C, E and pantothenic acid

          Swiss Bunker Art        

Switzerland has enough shelter to provide for the entire country buried deep within the Alps. This was at the height of the cold war, and they were to be used in the event of Nuclear War.







This website has an interesting overview of the 20,000+ bunkers which have been built across the country since the introduction of the railway in 1850






In 2004, Swiss artist Leo Fabrizio set out to photograph all of the country's remarkable camouflaged bunkers. Some have been painted in rock patterns, some disguised as a Swiss chalets, and others disguised with bizarre metal branches in the hope that it will blend in with a nearby forest.

They are as beautiful as they are strange, and it is with unruly excitement that I upload his photos from here and here:












I learned of this work in the Guardian Newspaper, because Fabrizio's work is currently being exhibited in the Modern Art Gallery of Calais in France.

          The Monsters of Christmas        

THE MONSTERS OF CHRISTMAS

BY SARAH ELIZABETH TROOP / 25 DEC 2Many of the ancient 

pagan observances during midwinter have been transformed or forgotten by our modern society. If you look into the origins of traditions practiced around Christmas today, you might be surprised to discover that the Christmas pastimes you know so well are themselves teeming with the macabre and strange.
However, in some countries where people have held fast to these ancient traditions, Christmas brings with it unthinkable terrors. For some, Christmas is a season filled with supernatural goings-on, ghosts, witches, magic, and especially monsters.
KRAMPUS
article-imageall illustrations by Dylan Thuras
Santa's European counterpart and earliest incarnation — Saint Nicholas â€” brings something other than just presents to your house. He brings along a demonic sidekick, Krampus. While the good children get gifts from Saint Nicholas, Krampus is given leave to mercilessly beat the naughty ones, shove them into his sack, and carry them promptly to Hell.  
MARI LWYD - THE CHRISTMAS ZOMBIE HORSE
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This macabre skeleton mare of Welsh tradition rises from the dead and wanders the streets with her attendants, who are also fresh from the grave, to remind the living of their existence. Mary Lwyd has only one goal in mind — to get into your house. To keep the zombie horse out, you must engage in a battle of wits… in rhyme no less, usually on New Year's Eve, where the undead mare is represented by a puppeteer parading a horse skull on a pole draped in white cloth. 
LA BEFANA AND BABOUSHKA 
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In Italy, Russia, and parts of Eastern Europe, we encounter witches rooted in the fairy tale figure of Mother Holle who doles out punishments for the lazy, and riches for the hard working. In Italy she is known as La Befana and in Russia, Baboushka. Each January 6, she packs up and sets off on a broomstick to join the three kings who are also seeking the Christ Child. She searches every house and if she finds a child there, she leaves cookies and gifts behind. 
PERCHTA 
On New Year's Eve, Perchta roams the earth rewarding those who are hard working and generous, and punishing the idle and greedy. Her punishment of choice involves slashing open your stomach so she may violently rip out your intestines, which are then replaced by straw, rocks, and garbage. The tradition of having goose for Christmas is sometimes linked to witches like Perchta, who is often depicted as having a goose foot, along with the belief that goose fat enabled witches to fly.
STRAGGELE 
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In many places, such as Switzerland, Perchta rides with a throng of demonic-looking helpers — known as Straggele â€” who love to partake of the feast offerings left out for them on Christmas by people hoping for Perchta’s blessings of wealth and health in the new year. In some places, Straggele get to dole out the punishments themselves and aren’t terribly discerning as they rob all bad children and tear them to pieces in the air.
THE TOMTEN
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A creature from Scandinavian folklore who bears a resemblance to a gnome and lives among the dead inside burial mounds, the Tomten acts as a caretaker, protector, and helper of the household, that is if you don't anger him. The Tomten has quite the temper and is known for driving people insane with his tricks or biting them. The bites — being poisonous — typically lead to death. You would be well advised to leave a gift of food out on Christmas Eve for this fellow. 
BELSNICKEL 
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In some German and Pennsylvannia Dutch communities, Belsnickel shows up a couple weeks before Christmas, filthy and dressed in rags and furs to beat the children who have misbehaved. As an 1872 Philadelphia newspaper recounted: ”Mr. Belsnickel [makes] his personal appearance dressed in skins or old clothes, his face black, a bell, a whip, and a pocket full of cakes or nuts; and either the cakes or the whip are bestowed upon those around…” Back in the 19th century it was popular for rowdy revelers to go "Belsnicking" and get drunk, vandalize the city, and play pranks. 
PERE FOUETTARD
Père Fouettard made his first appearance in 1150, when he and his wife lured a trio of young boys into their butcher shop so they could rob them. Fouettard slit their throats and butchered the children, placing their remains in a barrel. When Saint Nicholas discovered the crime, he resurrected the boys and punished Fouettard by forcing the butcher into his eternal service. Now, this villain appears alongside Saint Nicholas and dispenses coal and floggings to those who deserve them. 
GRYLA
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One of Iceland’s most renowned figures associated with Christmas — Gryla â€” is a giant troll who is in a perpetual bad mood due to her insatiable hunger… for children. Each Christmas, Gryla comes down from her mountain dwelling to hunt for naughty children. She places them in a sack and drags them back to her cave where she boils them alive for her favorite stew. Oh, and she has thirteen sons —the Yule Lads. 
THE YULE LADS
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The thirteen sons of Gryla, the Yule Lads are each known for a particular habit or characteristic, much like the Disney version of Snow White's seven dwarves. Most of them are depicted as mischievous pranksters and petty criminals. Icelandic children are visited each night on the thirteen days leading up to Christmas by a different Yule Lad, including such charmers as:
"Sheep Cote Clog," a peg-legged sheep fancier; "Gully Hawk" who hides out in ditches or gullies and waits for an opportune moment to run into the cow shed and lick the foam off the milk in the milking buckets; "Stubby" whose name denotes his stature as he is unusually short; "Spoon Licker," a licker and thief of spoons; "Pot Scraper" who is a petty thief of leftovers; "Bowl Licker" who hides under your bed and waits for you to absentmindedly put down your bowl so he can steal and yes, lick it; "Door Slammer" who slams doors all night; "Skyr Gobbler" who eats "skyr" yogurt; "Sausage Swiper" who steals sausage; "Window Peeper" who watches you from the windows; "Doorway Sniffer" who uses his incredibly large nose to sniff through doors to find bread; "Meat Hook" who always brings a hook along with him so he can steal meat; and "Candle Stealer" who follows children around so he can steal their candles, leaving them in the dark.
THE YULE CAT 
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The pet of both Gryla and The Yule Lads, the Yule Cat’s prey consists of both children and adults. Unlike the other Christmas monsters, this cat does not care about your misdeeds during the year. The only insurance against being torn apart and eaten by this giant feline is receiving an article of new clothing for Christmas. Shop wisely. 
Illustrations by Dylan Thuras. 

Find more about the horrors of Christmas on Sarah Elizabeth Troop's blog: A Scary Little Christmas.

           Switzerland is just perfect for a break with a toddler         
Fly to Zurich, then catch a train onwards, all with a small child in tow? That doesn't sound much of a holiday. Au contraire, says Alice von Simson, as she takes toddler Violet into the high country.
          The Best Skiing Destinations You Hadn't Considered        
Fewer things are better than a skiing holiday for those who love the combination of fresh, outdoor air and a great adrenaline rush.
Of course, everyone knows the best places to head for a skiing holiday. The Alps of Switzerland and France, the Dolomites of Northern Italy, and sections of the Rocky Mountains in the United States are all excellent places to hit the piste and hurtle downhill at 70 miles per hour on skis or a snowboard.
What about the less-heralded destinations, that are just as good for skiing but don’t enjoy the publicity and press of the well-known resorts? We explored the best destinations for skiing that you didn’t already know about.

Australia:

Is this a joke? Are we suggesting that you take to the outback on skis? Does it snow over Ayers Rock?

Image Source
The answer to all of those questions is no. However, in the south east of the country you will find the Australian Alps, the only place on the Aussie mainland where it snows at all. To get an idea of just how much snowfall it enjoys, it is equivalent to that of Switzerland.
It figures then, that Australia is a great destination for a skiing break, despite its legendary status as a beach and city destination. The great thing about the Australian Alps is that they are easily accessible from most of the big cities, and particularly Sydney and Melbourne.Hire a relocation campervan and head into the Alps for a few days before checking out the things we traditionally associate with Australia.

Greece:

Another country that it is associated with sunshine and culture before skiing, but Greece is actually one of the better places to ski in Europe, especially if you want to avoid the busy centres in the middle of the continent.
We’d suggest heading to Mount Parnassos, which is not only a great ski resort but also home to a number of inspirational Greek ruins and monuments. In addition, there are many more resorts throughout Greece, some even close to the coast for those looking for an eclectic mix of snow and access to the beach.

Scotland:

Scotland doesn’t get anything like the love it should do from skiing enthusiasts, which is odd considering the natural beauty found throughout Scotland.
Whether it is a gentle cross-country ski across easy terrain or a trip down a steep peak, you can find them all in the Scottish Highlands.

Chile:

This South American nation is lacking attention as a holiday destination altogether, let along just for skiing. The best thing about skiing in Chile is that the major resorts are all within a short distance of the capital, Santiago. By day, hit the slopes and enjoy some of the best skiing ranges on the continent, while at night you have a vibrant, exciting city on your doorstep, a refreshing change from remote ski villages and towns, as nice as they can be sometimes.
Look further than the traditional popular ski sites should you be booking such a trip this year, and open your eyes to a more exciting and diverse holiday.

Rob is an online content writer with a specific interest in tourism. Rob writes about all aspects of tourism, including the growing use of relocation campervans for travel and unusual destinations for both summer and winter holidays.

          Switzerland To France In The Classic 12        
Courtesy of WOWSA, Huntington Beach, California.

The Classic 12 is a 12 km marathon swim in Lac Léman from Lausanne to Évian-les-Bains on August 26th. It is a cross border swim, organized by the Lake Geneva Swimming Association, that traverses the Swiss border into France.

For more information, contact Ben Barham via email at secretary@ lakegenevaswimmingassociation.com.

Copyright © 2008-2017 by World Open Water Swimming Association

          Detailed Documentation Across The Bodensee        

Courtesy of Bodenseequerung, Bondensee.

Oliver Halder and his colleagues at the Bodenseequerung, the governing body of the Bondensee (Lake Constance) crossings, document an unusual level of detail on lengthwise and widthwise crossings of the lake on the Rhine at the northern foot of the Alps.

The lake is located between Germany, Switzerland and Austria. Its shorelines lie in German states of Bavaria and Baden-Württemberg, the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, and the Swiss cantons of Thurgau, St. Gallen and Schaffhausen. The Rhine flows into it from the south following the Austro-Swiss frontier.

What is unusual and greatly appreciated about the efforts of the Bodenseequerung staff is their documentation of both the successful and DNF crossing attempts of solo swimmers.

While the organization observes and details the successful lengthwise crossings of the Bodensee by Christof Wandratsch (66.67 km in 20 hours 41 minutes on July 22nd 2013), Bruno Baumgartner (68.06 km in 24 hours 20 minutes on August 30th 2013), and Hamza Bakircioglu (66.67 km in 30 hours 45 minutes on July 17th 2016 shown above), it also documents and archives the unsuccessful attempts over its history:

* Jürgen Fussi on August 27th 2015 stopped after about 6 hours and 11 km due to severe bladder pain
* Mirjam Schall on August 3rd 2015 stopped after about 27 hours and 55 km due to a storm and waves
* Hamza Bakircioglu on July 20th 2015 stopped after about 26.5 hours and 51 km due to shoulder pain
* Martin Fessl on July 12th 2015 stopped after about 21 hours and 64 km due to pneumonia
* Patrick Hotz on August 18th 2014 stopped after about 5 hours and 15 km due to the water temperature, storm, and waves
* Hamza Bakircioglu on August 4th 2014 stopped after about 27 hours and 60 km due to an oncoming current and storm
* Hamza Bakircioglu on August 2nd 2013 stopped after about 26.5 hours and 56 km due to a hunderstorm
* Adrian Alejandro Wittwer on July 5th 2013 stopped after about 17 hours and 27 km due to an oncoming current and time
* Maximilian Melyarki on August 21st 2012 stopped after about 16 hours and 33 km due to severe muscle spasm
* Bruno Dobelmann on July 11th 2012 stopped after about 14 hours and 20 km
* Bruno Dobelmann on May 21st 2012 stopped after about 12 hours and 27 km due to back pain

"The attention to detail of the Bodenseequerung crossings is greatly appreciated by historians of the sport," says Steven Munatones. "Knowing about and learning from the DNF's of the past is as important for those attempting to swim 66 km across the Bodensee as is information about the successful crossings. Each attempt - successful or not - is something to be respected and is part of the DNA of the sport."

The Bodenseequerung observers and staff have documented a total of 571 hours 26 minutes of swimming a cumulative total of 1420.18 km by solo swimmers across the Bodensee.

Copyright © 2008-2017 by World Open Water Swimming Association

          Roger Federer famous in Asian Sub-Continent        

Despite the fact that tennis is not such a popular game in the Asian continent especially in India, Roger Federer is still a superstar in that part of the world.

The Switzerland international has to play a few matches in India next month and the tickets for those matches have already been sold out.

In India, Federer will actually be participating in the International Premier Tennis League.

It’s not a singles tournament. It’s a team event which will go on for duration of two weeks.

read more


          Williams Paired With Hingis For First Time        

Venus Williams has done almost everything on the tennis court, but, yesterday night, she did something for the first time. She paired with Martina Hingis of Switzerland in a doubles match of the ongoing World Team Tennis competition. Both these legends represented Washington Kastles and ended up winning.
This was the first time that Venus and Hingis were playing alongside each other at the professional level. They have been up against each other numerous times, but, not together before this. They used to share intense rivalry during the peak days of their careers.

read more


          This ‘longest’ hanging bridge in Switzerland, overlooking the Alps, will take your breath away!        

          Europe Forecast: Hot in the south - Thundery central areas, Aug 10 - 10:13        

Staying hot in southern Europe with thunderstorms in central areas Thursday Dry weather continues across Iberia - hot in south-west Spain and Portugal. Slack low pressure over western Europe brings cool and unsettled weather - areas of heavy rain and thunderstorms for France, the Low Countries and Germany, although the Riviera and also Brittany may escape dry. Thundery rain too for the Alps, and a few showers possible for northern-central Italy. Hot and dry for southern Italy, Greece and areas near the Black Sea. Scorching temperatures for the Balkan states, Hungary and Slovakia, also south-eastern Poland, topping 40C. A risk of severe thunderstorms developing and spreading from Austria to the Czech Republic and also across southern Poland. Areas of thundery rain for the Baltic states and Finland, whilst southern Scandinavia should stay dry.

Friday Fine and dry across Portugal and Spain today, feeling hot too. More hot and dry weather in the Balearics and the hot weather persists over Italy. Greece and Turkey will be remaining dry with more sunshine and staying hot. Fine with sunny spells in western France although the risk of some thunderstorms developing in the east. Sunny spells and an odd shower in the Low Countries. Heavy showers across Germany and Poland some of this heavy. Austria, Hungary and Switzerland will have thunderstorms. Fair for Denmark with sunny spells here. Fair for the Baltic States with sunny spells here. Staying dry in Finland with more sunny spells. Remaining fair across Sweden whilst some rain arrives in western Norway.


          Zurich shopping news: Best of British store opening        

(This item is only of interest if you live in Switzerland, specifically in the Zürich area. Everyone else, just move along.)

The Cheese Club (previously), a mailorder purveyor of fine British and other artisanal cheeses, is teaming up with Spiffing Ales, a microbrewery specializing in British style ales, to open a Best Of British store in Thalwil, ZH. The official opening date is November 1, but they'll be open tomorrow (Thursday Oct. 29) and Friday from 15:00 - 19:00 for a 'practice run'. On November 1st they'll have their grand opening from 10:00 - 19:00, and thereafter they'll be open to the public on Wednesdays, Thursdays, Fridays and early evenings (the rest of the time they'll be doing wholesale; consult their web sites for more info when they're posted).

Besides cheese and beer, other British delicacies like back bacon and sausage, handmade pies, tea and biscuits, Christmas puddings and more are promised.

The address is 11 Seestrasse, 8800 Thalwil. The nearest SBB station (and parking) is at Obberieden BH, a 3 minutes walk away. Map. See also.

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          VA - Voices [First Book / Record One] (Argo DA 91, LP, UK, 1970)        




Just noticed my last post was a Xmas one, which makes me feel distinctly slack.  So here's another.

Picked up from a record fair at the (wonderful) Auricle Sound Art Gallery (NZ).  50c odd, thanks!

Download

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And via folkcatalogue's blog ("stuff about the Argo record label"), this review in The Gramophone from January 1969:

“Briefly, Argo and Penguin Education have collaborated to produce a set of records to complement the latter’s threebook anthology of poetry and pictures entitled Voices. The anthology is edited by Geoffrey Summerfield, of the York University English and Education departments, costs 25s. 6d. for the three books and has been very well received. The books give the visual and literary side; each record deals with a special topic (heroes, winter, jealousy inter alia) and adds further dimensions through natural, musical and ‘prepared’ sounds. Bands of a disc enclose elements of the topic, so the inbuilt variety might give you some Kodaly, a Rumanian wedding dance, Hardy’s poem on a country fair, a folksong and a movement from Handel’s Royal Fireworks Music. On another side, a Balinese choir, sniffing hedgehogs, a John Clare poem and an Enigma variation will find common ground.

“Although there appears to be no financial package deal, I would think that many people will want to buy both discs and books as it is rather difficult to absorb the poems at first hearing. In any case, one angle that the discs add is musical settings of established poems—two excerpts from Britten’s Serenade appear in this context. The orchestral music, from existing first-class recordings, is programmatic, thus adding possibilities of mime and spontaneous drama to the inexaustible discussion-points of musical and poetic imagery. Mr Summerfield’s introduction, which usefully appears on all six record-leaflets is stimulating, particularly on creative music-making.”


SIDE ONE
Band 1
Noises – knives sharpening
Band 2
The Devil’s Nine Questions (trad) – Peggy Seeger (1)
The Devil’s Polka – Ilona Porma kantele (2)
Band 3
Jabberwocky (Herbert) – n. Mike Newby, Archbishop Holgate’s Grammar School children percussion
Child’s bouncing song (Connor) – Children of Heslington Primary School, York
Jane, Jane (trad) – Shirley Collins & Davy Graham (3)
Band 4
Old Man’s Song (Mellers) – Trinity School, Croydon choir, c. David Squibb
Toward The Grave – Kaarina Kuivalainen vocal, Onno Kuivalainen kantele (4)
Band 5
The Seafarer excerpt – n. Sidney Bradley, read in Anglo-Saxon
Man Cursing the Sea (Holub) – n. David King
Sea Interludes (Storm/Britten) – Royal Opera House (London) Orchestra, c. Benjamin Britten (5)

SIDE TWO
Band 1
Pastoral (trad) – Sicilian shepherd playing open pipe
Shepherds’ Fire (Clare) – n. Peter Orr
Aunt’s Tantrums (Barnes) – n. Freda Dowie
Turf Carrier on Aranmore (Hewitt) – n. Peter Orr
Derby Ram (trad) – Peggy & Mike Seeger unacc. (6)
Band 2
Church bells – sound of bells in Zurich, Switzerland in Bolby B
Bells of Rhymney (Seeger/Davies) – Terry Yarnell & The Critics Group
Band 3
What’s What (Reid) – n. Tony Church
Narnian Suite (Harrex) – staff & students of York University, primary school children spoken chorus
Band 4
Chant before battle – David King
Janos Hary excerpts (Kodaly) – LSO c. Istvan Kertesz (7)

(1) from The Long Harvest Vol 2, Argo ZDA 67, 1967
(2) from Music from the Far North – Argo ZDA 127, 1967
(3) from Folk Routes New Routes – Decca LK 4652, 1964
(4) from Music from the Far North – Argo ZRG 533, 1967
(5) from Decca SXL 2150-2, 1959
(6) from Peggy ‘n’ Mike – Argo ZDA 80, 1967
(7) from Hary Janos – Decca SXL 6136, 1965

          Beatrix Potter Syndrome        

When trying to understand something new, we automatically look for parallels in our previous experience: we seek examples from the familiar in order to better understand the unfamiliar. Often, this can be helpful, as when we learn a new language and we draw on our knowledge of another language with a common root.

Unfortunately, this strategy can also take us down a path that leads not to greater understanding, but to the confusion of fact with conditioned thought and to a form of distorted vision.

This can readily be observed in the interpretation of animal behaviour by reference to human behaviour, which is one form of what we call anthropomorphism. Myths and fables and children's tales are so suffused with the granting of human values and character traits to animals that it is hard to think of a creature that has not, in our imaginations, been stereotyped and imprinted with characteristics ascribed to it by someone with a particular point to make, or axe to grind. Thus the fox is 'wily and cunning'; the dog is 'faithful and obedient'; the elephant is a 'gentle giant' and the snake is 'sneaky and deceitful'. Aesop probably started the trend, but I prefer to call it the 'Beatrix Potter Syndrome', in recognition of her influence on the developing minds of 20th-century children, of whom I was one.

Beatrix Potter was an accomplished illustrator and observer of nature, who, had she been born a century later, may well have had a distinguished career in science. Sadly, she is now only remembered for her children's books depicting animals in human clothing who walk on their hind legs. From her stories, a direct line can be drawn to the emotionally charged portrayals of animals in many Disney films, while the brutal reality of the lives of wild animals is hidden beneath a veil of sugary sentimentality.

Potter's assignation of human attributes and behaviour to animals is only one form of anthropomorphism. There are at least two other ways in which we routinely corrupt our understanding of the non-human world by our choice of language: the use of words to name or describe an animal and the description of animal behaviour in human terms.

We can draw examples from the world of bees to illustrate both of these phenomena.

When we label the egg-laying mother of the colony as 'queen' bee, we impose on her by implication all the meaning with which that English word is loaded. Thus we may expect to find her as a monarch in charge of the colony, issuing orders and, perhaps, punishments for infringements of 'colony law'. The term 'queen bee' has passed back into the English language as a description of a woman with a controlling and manipulate nature, who likes to have people around her to serve her needs and give her attention. This reinforces the popular but inappropriate picture of a real 'queen' bee, which should really be more accurately thought of as the egg-laying servant of the colony and certainly not its ruler. While the queen bee does indeed have a retinue of attendants to feed and groom her, it is they who lead her around and prepare places for her to lay. When she begins to show any signs of a decline in her ability to provide eggs, she will be superseded, ignored and left to starve.

Likewise the male bee, or drone, which has inherited the popular meaning of its name as a parasitic loafer, or one who lives off the labours of others. While the male bees do no obvious and visible work compared to their sometimes hyper-active sisters, we know remarkably little about their day-to-day activities due to the comparatively small amount of research that has been conducted on them. I suggest it is highly improbable that a colony would deliberately encumber itself with a 'useless' 10-15% of its population at a time when gathering food is its primary concern. Simply because we have so far failed to study them with due care does not entitle us to label them as 'surplus to requirements', which is how they are regarded by most conventional beekeepers. In fact, research by Juergen Tautz at Wurtzburg University has shown that drones may indeed have hitherto unsuspected duties within the hive and may well have functions in the outside world that have so far eluded detection. As long ago as 1852, Moses Quinby (Mysteries of Beekeeping Explained) suggested that drones would likely have functions beyond mating with a queen, perhaps including helping to keep the brood warm. R.O.B.Manley noted that his best honey-producing hives generally had "a large number of drones" (Honey Farming, 1947).

When we come to bee behaviour, so much of it is alien to us that we struggle to make sense of it, so it is not surprising that we resort to attempts to explain aspects of their world in human terms. We talk freely of bees foraging for food, scouting for a nest site, communicating by means of the 'waggle dance', defending their home, mating and carrying out their dead because these are all activities that we can easily relate to and make practical sense in terms of day-to-day survival in a colony.

What is perhaps more surprising - and infinitely less helpful - is when people concoct mystical 'explanations' derived entirely from their imaginations and pass them on as if they had some scientific validity or foundation in fact.

Myths and legends, populated by gods and heroes, are poetic allegories through which we have conveyed information - both oral and written - from generation to generation and thus gained some understanding of our cultural history. Many myths are anthropomorphic in their personification of natural phenomena, but as long as we understand their origins and true nature, we can learn from them without confusing their content with objective reality.

However, as our scientific understanding of the natural world grew rapidly throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, there was a parallel growth of popular interest in such things as clairvoyance, telekinesis, telepathy, reincarnation, ghosts, out-of-body experiences and suchlike para-psychological phenomena that appear not to be subject to the known laws of physics, chemistry or biology. Despite the lack of verifiable evidence for such phenomena, they appear to occupy a nether region that stubbornly persists in popular culture.

In the context of this article, the consideration of whether or not such phenomena really exist is less relevant than the fact that they have, since Victorian times at least, been routinely presented as if they were genuine by people with a considerably greater talent for showmanship than for scientific rigour. Demonstrations of 'manifestations from the spirit world' were fashionable in late nineteenth century society, while Ouija boards and 'table-tipping' have floated in and out of fashion almost to the present day, despite the efforts of rationalists such as James Randi and Derren Brown to expose the trickery behind them. Variations on the 'clairvoyance' theme have been around at least since the days of the Delphic Oracle - probably the first example of a tourist industry built around a mystical cult - and show no signs of losing popularity, despite various myth-busting public exposures of fraud and trickery.

Rudolf Steiner, in his lectures on bees, delivered in November and December of 1923 at the Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland, sought to interpret the world of bees by means of 'Anthroposophy', a Christianized, version of the mystical 19th century eastern-derived 'religious philosophy' of Theosophy, whose best-known proponent, Helena Blavatsky, was also a performing clairvoyant. Both Steiner and Blavatsky claimed to derive their occult knowledge from outside the material world, by a process that would nowadays be called 'channeling'.

Steiner believed that mankind had existed on Earth - although not necessarily in material form - since its creation, and that bees (as well as other animals) were created for our benefit. This chronological reversal of the truth as revealed by fossil evidence - bees having certainly been around for more than 100 million years before Homo sapiens - sets the scene for further dubious assertions, such as when he talks of embryonic queens "giving off light" that somehow causes a colony to swarm from "fear that 'it no longer possesses the bee poison".

Anyone unfamiliar with Steiner's idiosyncratic cosmology and his other writings about the supposed history of the Earth may be surprised by passages such as:

"Our earth was once in a condition of which one could say that it was surrounded by clouds that had plant-life within them; from the periphery, other clouds approached and fertilised them; these clouds had an animal nature. From cosmic spaces came the animal nature; from the earth the essence of plant-being rose upwards." (Lecture VIII)

Back in the world of bees, Steiner makes much of the 21-day gestation period of a worker bee as being equivalent to "a single rotation of the sun on its axis" (Lecture II), apparently unaware that the equatorial regions of the sun perform a single rotation in 25.6 days, while polar regions rotate once in about 36 days (NASA).

He goes on to say that 'the drone is thus an earthly being' (because its completion takes longer than the sun's rotation - which in fact, as we now know, it does not).

He further elaborates on this thesis:

"The drones are the males; they can fertilize; this power of fertilization comes from the earth; the drones acquire it in the few days during which they continue their growth within the earth-evolution and before they reach maturity. So we can now say: in the bees it is clearly to be seen that fertilization (male fecundation) comes from the earthly forces, and the female capacity to develop the egg comes from the forces of the Sun. So you see, you can easily imagine how significant is the length of time during which a creature develops. This is very important for, naturally, something happens within a definite time which could not occur in either a shorter or a longer time, for then quite other things would happen."

As happens numerous times in the Lectures, Steiner makes a statement that is demonstrably erroneous, and then goes on to elaborate a sequence of specious arguments from it, which, being derived from false premises, must inevitably lead to false conclusions.

It would be tedious to cite every instance where Steiner is obfuscatory, unnecessarily mystical or just plain wrong. Suffice to say that, while not being totally devoid of interest, his Lectures are about as useful a source of insights into bees as a medieval book of medicinal herbs would be for conducting modern surgery. Indeed, Steiner even betrays his lack of basic understanding of the functions of the human body (Lecture VII) in saying that:

"...it is represented as though the heart were a kind of pump, and that this pumping of the heart sends the blood all over the body. This is nonsense, because it is in reality the blood which is brought into motion by the ego-organization, and moves throughout the body."

However, Steiner does make some non-mystical statements that must be considered, as they at least fall into alignment with observable reality. He warns against pushing bees for over-production, drawing a parallel with the dairy industry (Lecture V); he emphasizes that "... the bee-colony is a totality. It must be seen as a totality." (Lecture V); The one much-vaunted but often mis-quoted, 'prediction' made by Steiner, usually misrepresented as a 'prophesy' of the general demise of bees, amounts to a rather mild criticism of the then relatively new practice of artificial insemination: "...we must see how things will be in fifty to eighty years time...".

Right at the end of the final Lecture, we find clear evidence that Steiner's view of nature is actually highly anthropocentric:

'Thus we can say: When we observe things in the right way, we see how the processes of Nature are actually images and symbols of what happens in human life. These men of olden times watched the birds on the juniper trees with the same love with which we look at the little cakes and gifts on the Christmas tree. "...I have therefore spoken of the juniper tree which can truly be regarded as a kind of Christmas tree, and which is the same for the birds as the blossoms for the bees, the wood for the ants, and for the wood-bees and insects in general."

And so Steiner's personal mysticism, as well as his sentimentality, turns out to have a large component of anthropomorphism lurking within it.

Having reached this point in our analysis, we have to consider what is left to us: what would be a legitimate methodology for the study of bees, that would be free from the elephant traps of anthropocentrism, anthropomorphism, sentimentality and mysticism, yet can encompass the sense experienced by many who come into contact with bees that there is 'something else' present, beyond the purely material?

A rationalist would say, 'observe without interpretation: see what is there and describe it as accurately as possible, but without overlaying it with meaning. Be true to observable reality'.

And yet, many people report some kind of transcendental experience in the presence of bees en masse, so are their reports to be written off as mere whimsy?

Speaking from my own experience, I can say that while working with bees and maintaining a calm, unhurried demeanour, I have had moments of inner peace akin to that I have also experienced while meditating or engaging in certain martial arts practices that aim to 'still the mind'. Having one's unprotected hands in a hive containing 50,000 fully-armed bees has a way of focusing the mind very much in the moment, while any deviation from the 'now' is likely to be punished more rapidly and more severely than by a Zen master's staff.

Being present 'in the moment' is a rarer - and thus more precious - experience for the 21st-century Twitter-dweller than for our ancestors. For the opportunity to experience that sense of timelessness in the company of a wild creature so many millennia our senior is a privilege that beekeepers should celebrate and cherish.

Mysticism has had its day. We are grown-ups now: we have seen the atom bomb and the double helix and we need to come to terms with objective reality in all its wonderful forms without ascribing all phenomena just beyond our understanding to the work of gods, aliens, faeries or gnomes. We can appreciate nature without projecting our aspirations or values onto it. We can observe without always needing to know the 'hidden meaning' of what we see hear, smell and taste. We can be elevated by what is around us and enjoy all the sensations available in this remarkable, natural world. We can even compose poems and songs, myths and fables to entertain us and our children, but we no longer need to sit at the feet of all-too-mortal men who exert power over the ignorant by interposing themselves between us and authentic experience of the mysteries of life.

Philip Chandler



Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6814638


           On the turnaround of stratospheric ozone trends deduced from the re-evaluated Umkehr record of Arosa, Switzerland         
Article Zanis, P. , Maillard, E. , Staehelin, J. , Zerefos, C. , Kosmidis, E. , Tourpali, K. and Wohltmann, I. (2006) On the turnaround of stratospheric ozone trends deduced from the re-evaluated Umkehr record of Arosa, Switzerland , Journal of geophysical research-atmospheres, 111, D22307 . doi:10.1029/2005JD006886 , hdl:10013/epic.24646
          WHO director-general opens meeting concerning country alliance        

Dr. Margaret Chan, director-general of the World Health Organization (WHO), recently opened a senior-level meeting in Geneva, Switzerland, concerning how countries can better cooperate together to create and abide by tests for worldwide health and regulating IHR components. 

The meeting was co-hosted by Finland.

Chan spoke to those present about the 10-year struggle to incentivize and encourage countries to abide by IHR's main missions, and that the new alliance would be critical in creating a healthier and more secure world. She also discussed how the new systems adhere to countries' needs, are standardized, and will help bridge the gaps in global health. The new alliance is in compliance with the One Health ideology that FAO, OIE and WHO are all a part of, and will be organized by a secretariat from WHO and a group of advisors.

The need to create an alliance, she continued, is due to the obvious lack of preparedness, laboratories, hospitals and health staff to combat reoccurring breakouts of major illnesses, like SARS, H1H1, Ebola and Zika. In the fight to control these outbreaks, quick ways to vaccine, diagnose and provide treatment and information is vital, in addition to mosquito control.

Chan was hopeful of the order and assistance the new alliance could make, specifically in providing reliance and long-term solutions to take over the short-term ones already in place. The alliance will surely create a more unified front against global illnesses.


          FIDE Newsletter July 2017        

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FIDE Grand Prix Series was held in Geneva, Switzerland from 5th to 16th of July 2017

Teimour Radjabov emerged clear winner of the FIDE World Chess Grand Prix in Geneva after sharing the point with his nearest follower Ian Nepomniachtchi in the final round. Radjabov earned 20.000 EUR and 170 Grand Prix points for the clear first place. Nepomniachtchi and Grischuk took 13.500 EUR and 105 GP points each.

Radjabov gp2017

In the overall Grand Prix standings Shakhriyar Mamedyarov is leading with 340 points, while Grischuk is second with 316,4. They have completed three events each and will cautiously await the results from the final 4th leg.

kosteniuk

Radjabov jumped through to the third place with 241,4 points. Ding Liren on 240 and Maxime Vachier-Lagrave on 211,4 can also hope to earn one of the two qualifying spots for the Candidates Tournament.

Official website

Photo gallery


European Senior Team Chess Championship 2017 took place in Novi Sad, Serbia from 24th of June till 4th of July 2017.

The Serbian team became European champion in the "50+" section European Championships for seniors. The title was brought by the grandmasters Miloš Pavlović, Goran M. Todorović, Siniša Dražić and Nenad Ristić and international master Zoran Arsović.

European Senior Team Chess Championship

Second place get to the team of Italy, which had three grandmasters in their team composition, and the third place went to team of Sweden. Particularly interesting is the fact that for the Swedish team successfully played the Swedish ambassador in Serbia, His Excellency Jan Lundin.

In the 65+ section the team of Russia, for which are playing the legendary grandmasters Sveshnikov, Vasyukov and Balashov made amazing result of all eight victories, and took the first place. The Danish team was the second, and Belgium, after they lost match in the last round against Russia, took third place.

Official website


Panamerican Youth Championship 2017 took place in Costa Rica from 30 June 2017 till 7th of July 2017.

Panamerican Youth Championship 2017

Total medal counts at PanAm Youth Championships:

USA 4 Gold, 5 Silver, 6 Bronze = 15 medals
Peru 2 Gold, 3 Silver, 2 Bronze = 7 medals
Canada 2 Gold, 2 Silver, 1 Bronze = 5 medals
Venezuela 1 Gold, 1 Silver, 1 Bronze = 3 medals
Colombia 1 Gold, 1 Bronze = 2 medals
Argentina 1 Gold
Chile 1 Gold
Mexico 1 Silver
Bolivia 1 Bronze

U8
Lopez Rayo Santiago COL
Mishra Abhimanyu USA
Prestia Sebastian USA

U8 girls
Vidyarthi Omya USA
Maravi Ceron Ayme PER
Qu Greta CAN

U10
Li Eric USA
Atanasov Anthony CAN
Gao Marvin USA

U10 Girls
Contreras Fiorella PER
Wong Allyson USA
Wang Ellen USA

U12
Chasin Nico Werner USA
Galaviz Medina Sion Radam MEX
Flores Quillas Diego Saul Rod PER

U12 Girls
Perez Hernandez Vicmary C. VEN
Yellamraju Ambica USA
Matute Escobar Roxanny VEN

U14
Liu Aristo S USA
Nakada Akira W USA
Titichoca Daza Daniel BOL

U14 Girls
He Emma CAN
Zeng Sheena USA
Ehsani Yassamin L USA

U16
Varacalli Francisco ARG
Ramirez Gonzalez Mauricio VEN
Liang Albert USA

U16 Girls
Gomez Barrera Javiera Belen CHI
Mostacero Velarde Isabella PER
Caballero Quijano Mitzy Mishe PER

U18
Song Michael CAN
Cori Quispe Kevin Joel PER
Quinonez Garcia Santiago COL

U18 Girls
Cosme Contreras Trilce PER
Wang Constance CAN
Cervantes Landeiro Thalia USA

Panamerican Youth Championship 2017 2

Official website

Results


North American Youth Championship 2017 was held in Morristown, NJ, USA from 12th to 16th of July 2017.

North American Youth Championship 2017 2

A record-breaking 357 players from the United States, Canada and Mexico descended on the historic American Revolution town of Morristown, NJ, to compete in the North American Youth Chess Championships from July 12th to 16th. Sponsored by the Chess Tech, Continental Chess Association’s Darcy Lima, the International Chess School’s Michael Khodarkovsky and in Association with New Jersey Chess Federation and United States Chess Federation, the tournament had 12 sections with girls and open sections from under 8 to under 18. International Arbiters Steve Doyle, Eduard Duchovny and Ken Ballou have a staff of New Jersey State Chess Federation officers and staff: Hal Sprechman, Jim Mullanaphy, Jabari McGreen and Noreen Davisson. IA Steve Doyle, a legend on the chess scene, former President of USCF and Vice President of FIDE conducted the Tournament together with Tournament Directors GM Darcy Lima and Michael Khodarkovsky.

Final Standings 


Asian Zonal 3.1 took place in Tehran, Iran from 29th of June till 8th of July 2017

20 players (18 from Iran, 1 from Syria, 1 from Iraq) took part in the women`s section. Mobina Alinasab, a youth player from North of Iran, won the golden medal; Sarasadat Khademalsharieh and Mitra Hejazipour were second and third.

Asian Zonal 3.1

30 players (28 from Iran, 1 from Syria, 1 from Iraq) took part in the Open section. GM Amirreza Pourramezanali achieved Gold Medal. IM Aryan Gholami and GM Pouya Idani took silver and bronze medals.

Sponsor of Federation and this championship is MCI (Mobile Telecommunication Company).

Official website


African Individual Chess Championships 2017, African Rapid and Blitz Championships took place in Oran, Algeria from 1st till 13th of July 2017

45 players (and 18 players) among which the best African players, including a member of the top 100 the Egyptian GM Bassem Amin (Elo 2684) and Ahmed Adly, ex-junior world champion Elo on 2598. All the participants representing 8 countries (Algeria, Egypt, Zambia, Angola, Tunisia, Republic Centers African, Tunisia, Zimbabwe, Ivory Coast) greeted the perfect organization and the good conditions of play in the international hotel "Assala" situated in the city center.

African Individual Chess Championships 2017

GM Amin Bassem from Egypt won the African Individual Championship. Daniel Cawdery from South Africa shared the first place but came second on the tie-break. Adly Ahmed from Egypt finished on the third place. 3 Egyptian players occupied the stage in women's section: WGM Mona Khaled won the championship, while Wafa Shrook and Wafa Shahenda took silver and bronze medals.

Amin Bassem

Rapid Championships: Amin Bassem (Egypt) won another golden medal, Adly Ahmed (Egypt) came second and Hesham Abdelrahman (Egypt) was third.

Amin Bassem 2

Wafa Shahenda (Egypt) was the best one in blitz, Esperance Caxita (Angola) and Amina Mezioud (Algeria) came third.

Blitz championships:
Adly Ahmed (Egypt) won blitz championship, Mohamed Haddouche (Algeria) was second and Phiri Richmond from Zambia was third.
Wafa Shrook (Egypt) was the strongest in blitz. Amina Mezioud (Algeria) took the silver medal, while Mona Khaled (Egypt) came third.


Commonwealth Chess Championship 2017 took place in New Delhi, India from 2nd till 10th of July 2017.

Commonwealth Chess Championship 2017 2

Grandmaster and former world junior champion Abhijeet Gupta (india) came up with an inspired performance in the final round to crush Aleksander Wohl of Australia and annexed the gold medal in the Commonwealth Chess Championship 2017. GM Vaibhav Suri (India) won the silver while the bronze medal went to GM Tejas Bakre (India). WGM Swati Ghate (India) became the Women Champion.

Commonwealth Chess Championship 2017 3

Players from 15 countries including some from South Africa and Kenya have registered for the nine-day long events. The championship had over 550 registered players in various categories spanning from under-8 till open. There were 16 Grandmasters and 13 International Masters in the fray apart from five more Woman Grandmasters.

Official website


Asian Schools Chess Championship 2017 and Asian Schools Rapid and Blitz Chess Championships were held in Panjin Lianoing, China from 20th till 30th of July 2017.

Chinese Chess Association under the auspices of the Asian Chess Federation and World Chess Federation, organized the event in high-standard playing hall and hotel, earning unanimous acclaims from more than 700 participants from 23 countries and regions in Asia.

Asian Schools Chess Championship 2017 3

China won 10 gold medals, Uzbekistan won 8 gold medals and Philippines won 7 gold medals.

U7
Yuruultei Batbaatar MGL
Nurgaliyev Sauat KAZ
Kiaan Agrawal IND

U7 Girls
Tselmuun Dorjsuren MGL
Ruzimatova Afruzabonu UZB
Zhumagali Raian KAZ

U9
Xie Kaifan CHN
Chen Muye CHN
Huang Yishi CHN

U9 Girls
Chen Yining CHN
Dela Cruz Daren PHI
Azzaya Amarbat MGL

U11
Wei Yaqing CHN
Rakhmatullaev Almas UZB
Zhou Xiangru CHN

U11 Girls
Omonova Umida UZB
Kriti Mayur Patel IND
Withanarachchi W A Vinoli One SRI

U13
Peng Shunkai CHN
Wang Zideng CHN
Arfan Aditya Bagus INA

U13 Girls
Cai Boheng CHN
Khegay Yuliya UZB
Liuviann Cecilia Natalie INA

U15
Nanayakkara J A K Saranath SRI
Lin Yi CHN
Tan Jun Ying MAS

U15 Girls
Rasyid Nur Aini INA
Mordido Kylen Joy PHI
Saparova Sitora UZB

U17
Pangilinan Stephen Rome PHI
Sagita Catur Adi INA
Min Po-Yen TRE

U17 Girls
Doroy Allaney Jia G PHI
Edithso Samantha INA
Men JiaYi CHN

All results


          Bidding Procedure for FIDE World Blitz & Rapid Championships 2017        

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BIDDING PROCEDURE FOR THE FIDE WORLD BLITZ & RAPID CHAMPIONSHIPS 2017 (MEN & WOMEN)


1. FIDE is opening a bidding procedure for the FIDE World Blitz & Rapid Championships 2017 (Men & Women).

2. Each bid shall contain the following particulars as minimum:

a) Proposed exact dates for the event after 19th December 2017.
b) Proposed venue of the event.
c) Proposed prize fund for the players (as per regulations, should be offered net of any applicable local taxes).
d) The contribution to FIDE (net of any applicable local taxes and 20% of the prize money).
e) Commitment to cover all the other financial obligations to FIDE, in accordance with the Rules & Regulations the FIDE World Blitz & Rapid Championships 2017 (Men & Women).
f) Commitment to cover all organizational costs, in accordance with regulations.
g) Category of official hotel (minimum 4- stars), and name if possible, with special room rates for visitors (including meals).
h) A statement that the applicant accepts the regulations of the event without any reservations.
i) An invitation for 2 (two) members of the FIDE Commission for World Chess Championships and Olympiads to inspect the proposed venue and examine the other conditions, with all travel/hotel expenses paid by the bidder.
j) The applicant's name, signatures and authentication.

3. In order for a proposed bid to be considered, it should be accompanied by a 5-month term bank guarantee covering the amount of prize fund, the FIDE contribution (20% over and above the prize fund) and the amount of 30,000 euros covering stipends of Principals as described in regulations. This guarantee should be from a bank that FIDE bankers, UBS of Switzerland, are able to confirm as acceptable.

Alternatively to the above paragraph, a bidder can deposit in FIDE’s bank account the amount of 100,000 euros by the deadline of 15 September 2017 (refundable if the bid is rejected) and the balance by 30 September 2017.

4. A bid is considered valid if it is accompanied with a non-refundable Bid Fee of 500 euros payable to FIDE.

5. No bidder can use a sponsor which shall be in conflict with the regulations of the International Olympic Committee (IOC).

6. The bids, including all original documents and particulars, shall arrive by registered post to the FIDE Secretariat, post address: 9 Syggrou Ave., 11743 Athens - Greece. The bidding will close on 15 September 2017, 13:00 GMT.

7. When the deadline has expired, the FIDE Deputy President or his representative shall open the received envelopes in order to assess the bids. FIDE will inform the bidding parties of the results within 20 days after the deadline.

8. FIDE reserves the right to accept a bid based on the evaluation of all criteria under article 2 of the present bidding procedure and not only that of the prize fund. FIDE also reserves the right not to award any bid at all, however favourable it might be.


          Loesje Switzerland        
A Swiss Loesje group

          Episode 295 – Voice Mails and Swiss Gun Laws and a Listener formerly from Australia        
This episode is mostly listener voice mails. In particular, a caller asked about Swiss Gun Laws and a new American from Australia also call in. Links: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gun_politics_in_Switzerland#Number_of_guns_in_circulation
          Bemis Art Talks paradise...Jennifer Homan at Fred Simon...        
August 2 at Bemis’ First Thursday Art Talk, hear artist-partners Hendrikje Kuehne and Beat Klein (Basel, Switzerland) talk about how they formed the ideal landscape from the theme of paradise gardens from historical paintings for their la...
          Switzerland: Sabotage Action Against Agricultural Research Centre Agroscope by Night Owls        
Delayed report – End of May 2017, Ticino (Switzerland) One night we entered the experimental vineyard of Agroscope in Gudo and cut almost all the plants in the field, destroying years of research. This action of sabotage was done because … Continue reading
           Ceramic-matrix composites of silicon-nitride with conducting particles         
Smith, A. and Abed, A. and Edrees, H.J. and Hendry, A. (1994) Ceramic-matrix composites of silicon-nitride with conducting particles. In: Silicon Nitride 93: proceedings of the international conference on silicon nitride-based ceramics, Stuttgart, October 4-6, 1993. Key Engineering Materials, 89-91 . Trans Tech Publications, Aedermannsdorf, Switzerland, pp. 423-428. ISBN 0-87849-668-8
          Our ongoing commitment to support computer science educators in Europe        

The need for employees with computer science (CS) and coding skills is steadily increasing in Europe—by 4 percent every year between 2006 and 2016 according to DigitalEurope.  But educators are struggling to keep up with the demand, often because they lack the professional development, confidence and resources to successfully teach their students. 

Because of these challenges, we’re working to increase the availability of quality computer science education and access to CS skills by empowering CS teachers globally. We’ve recently launched new support in Europe, the Middle East and Africa through CS4HS, a program to fund universities and nonprofits designing and delivering rigorous computer science professional development for teachers.

We’re excited to be working with 79 organizations worldwide, and 28 in the EMEA region, who are committed to increasing the technical and teaching skills of educators, and building communities of ongoing learning. We believe that these organizations are committed to delivering high-quality teacher professional development programs with a deep impact in their local community and a strong potential to increase their reach.

Classroom image

Growing the community of computer science educators  

Over the past 10 years, CS4HS has contributed $10 million to professional development (PD) providers around the world to help develop and empower teachers—like Catrobat, a non-profit initiative based at Graz University of Technology in Austria who created a free online course for students and teachers, and the University of Wolverhampton, who created a free MOOC to empower teachers of computing to teach programming in the new computing syllabuses in England, among others.

We’re excited to support new and future CS educators around the world. Even though computer science is a relatively new discipline for most schools, the enthusiasm is growing and teachers have a critical role to play in fueling their students’ interest and participation. These grants will help universities and nonprofits reach educators with PD opportunities that enhance their CS and technical skills development, improve their confidence in the classroom, and provide leadership training so that they can be advocates for CS education in their communities.

2017 awardees in EMEA

Asociatia Techsoup Romania

Ideodromio, Cyprus

Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Informatica, Italy

Lithuanian Computer Society

Dublin City University, Ireland

Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland

EduACT, Greece

Graz University of Technology, Austria

University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Asociatia Tech Lounge, Romania

Association Rural Internet Access Points, Lithuania

University of Wolverhampton, UK

Universidad de Granada, Spain

University UMK Toruń, Poland

Hasselt University, Belgium

Jednota školských informatiků, Czech Republic

University of Lille - Science and Technology, France

University of Roehampton, UK

University of Urbino, Italy

ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Vattenhallen Science Center, Lund University, Sweden

University College of Applied Sciences, Palestine

Hapa Foundation, Ghana

Let’s Get Ready, Cameroon

Swaziland Foundation for STEM Education

Laikipia University, Kenya

Mobile4Senegal

Peo Ya Phetogo in partnership with University of the Western Cape & Mozilla Foundation, South Africa

To discover more about CS opportunities near you, explore our educator resources, student programs and resources, and tools.



          Switzerland and Copenhagen – beyond cannabis tolerance (part one)        
The policy of ‘soft drug tolerance’ in the Netherlands is probably the most well-known example of a country attempting to regulate the use and sale of cannabis. Recognising that marijuana and hashish consumption cause very little social or personal harm, Holland’s laws were changed to differentiate relatively benign soft drugs from genuinely harmful hard drugs. […]
          Switzerland and Copenhagen – beyond cannabis tolerance (part two)        
Switzerland and Denmark are considering measures which could lead to the return of decriminalised cannabis in 2012. In both cases, the main reason for the proposed change is to reduce the harm caused by pushing cannabis onto the black market. The simple, inarguable fact is that cannabis will continue to be consumed for its medicinal […]
          Fuel Your Passion with Pascale Fuss        


Pascale is a young talented rider from Switzerland. Her first jumps she did in Zanzibar in autumn 2015. Now she rocks the water with a combination of high jumps and unhooked stuff.



For sure still a lot to learn but the motivation and the fun in this sport brings her to a new level after every trip. Big thanks to F-One kiteboarding for the support.



Rider: Pascale Fuss



Spot: Egypt Hamata (Kite Village)



Film: gregorjohn.com



Sound: Premiumbeat, Glory Day_Reactor Productions



          Scientists on the Margins        
by
David Nobes
2005-01-30

INTRODUCTION

The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was convened in Geneva in December of 2003. When the World Summit was announced, many in the scientific community questioned why there was no clear or central role for science and scientists. Scientists at CERN, in particular, expressed their concerns because CERN, one of the premier international collaborative scientific institutions, is regarded by many as the “birthplace” of the Internet.

As a result of the interventions of scientists, the UN and WSIS Secretariat proposed to hold an additional, but separate meeting ahead of the World Summit - the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS). The Role of Science meeting was also held in Geneva, at CERN, immediately before the World Summit. Many who attended RSIS also attended the WSIS. (The RSIS website is still active, as of January 2005).

The RSIS was intended to provide a forum whereby scientists and science administrators could contribute to the ongoing discussions on the Information Society. The discussions focussed on information sharing - the mechanisms for such sharing, and the impact on society that information sharing could have, because it became quickly apparent that information sharing is one of the primary elements in what we have come to call the Information Society, which I will abbreviate here as IS. Information technology is abbreviated as IT.

At this point, it should be noted that many of the participants, this author included, wondered what influence we scientists might have on the larger World Summit. Because of its separateness, many attendees doubted, sometimes publicly, that we would have much impact on the main WSIS “event” (the term used on the website and in the printed material). Many felt that the meeting was nonetheless useful, but more for the informal networks and contacts that we made, rather than for the formal proceedings. This reflects the nature of the Internet and modern electronic communications, which was nicely and concisely described by Tim Berners-Lee, who developed the browser-based interface, the “World Wide Web,” now concomitant with the popular conception of the Internet. He portrayed the “essence” of the Web as “decentralized” and “fractal.” It was originally designed to fill a need to share information (“data”) that was different in nature, format, and style.

[ For a much different conception of a global informational network, albeit one that has yet to be put into popular practice, see the Home Page of Ted Nelson, eds. ]

At the end of the RSIS was a “Visionary Panel Discussion: Science and Governance.” Most of the panel members who discussed the future of the Internet used outdated and outmoded terminology and paradigms, and I think they missed some of the inherent anarchic and democratic aspects of the Internet. Many of us felt that the panel, with the exception of Berners-Lee, showed a lack of understanding of the Internet and the Web. Indeed, the character of the Internet and the Web in many ways reflect how human progress is made, whether we are discussing science or broader societal aspects. We take steps that wander up many blind alleys and false trails before hitting upon solutions to previously unsolved problems. The solutions are almost always imperfect and almost always later superseded by some better approach. It is necessarily unstructured and chaotic, as any creative activity will be. However, those involved directly, such as scientists, are often excluded from the decision-making processes, which tend to be dominated by politicians and bureaucrats who are in general sadly ignorant of science and its methods. I hope to expand on this theme in the report that follows. The issues raised are no less relevant and important a year on from the meeting. The most exciting and innovative projects described during the meeting emphasised the lack of centralized control over the Internet and the Web, and that such control is nearly impossible. We cannot control what people do with the Internet; instead the main issue should be about showing people how to use the Internet effectively and sceptically.

The structure of this report is simple. It follows the structure of the meeting, which was built around the central RSIS “themes”: education; economic development; environment; health; and enabling technologies. I summarise some of the main points and observations from each session, highlighting those talks, presentations and sessions that seem to have best captured the atmosphere of the RSIS and future of the Information Society.

OPENING PLENARY SESSION - “SETTING THE SCENE”

The opening plenary session comprised a series of presentations that ranged widely across the IS spectrum. Adolf Ogi, Special Advisor on WSIS to the Swiss Federal Council, officially welcomed the RSIS participants on behalf of Switzerland, the host country, and challenged the participants to promote “science for all, without boundaries.” He touched on the issues of control of technology and the role of infrastructure, and the costs associated with both. When we say “costs”, we mean both the cost to society as a whole and the cost to the individual. This becomes, then, a major concern in developing countries where personal monetary wealth is limited, and thus access to modern computing tools is limited.

Two speakers put the Role of Science in the context of the World Summit on the Information Society. Adama Samassékou, President of the WSIS Preparation Committee, addressed the gulf between the “haves” and the “have-nots,” using the now common phrase “the digital divide.” However, Samassékou went beyond these almost clichéd terms and viewpoints to discuss the traditional forms of knowledge, and how in the IS world oral traditions, and the information they transmit, are being lost, largely because we have not had a means to incorporate them into the technology of the IS. He emphasised the goal of a lack of boundaries for the sharing of information, and the need to promote the IS within an ethical framework. In this framework, he included environmental ethics. This theme arose again in the special session on the Environment in the IS.

Yoshia Utsumi, Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union, emphasised accessibility of IS, but his emphasis was on scientific access. This was perhaps a reflection of the audience, but was then limited in its scope, especially when considered in the light of some of the presentations that came later in the day. He noted the lack of scientific funding in the developing world, and the “problems” in science policy. My opinion is that “gap” may have been a more appropriate word, because few countries, developing or otherwise, have clear policies for the sharing of information, scientific or otherwise. Many that do have such policies, such as the U.S.A., obstruct information sharing for reasons of “security,” even though open access to data and information is often the best defence. However, as Utsumi noted, this was a beginning of the process of discussion and policy formulation.

After the two RSIS context speakers, we listened to three “keynote” speakers, each of whom gave brief talks: Dr Nitin Desai, Special Advisor to Kofi Annan on WSIS; HRH Princess Maha Chakro Sirindhom of Thailand; and Walter Erdelen, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences at UNESCO. These talks touched on issues of citizen-to-citizen communication and the “digital divide” (Desai), the lack of access to IT and concepts of sustainability in the IS (Sirindhom), and the environment (Erdelen).

Dr Esther Dyson, the Founding Chair of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), was listed as speaking on “the promise of the Information Society and the role that science and technology have played.” ICANN is the organisation responsible for mediating domain names. They do not assign names, per se, but monitor the process and the circumstances. They have little power, but unfortunately are often seen, incorrectly, as responsible for the current morass over domain names. Dyson did not speak on the listed topic, but instead talked about the role of scientists themselves, rather than some monolithic “science,” in the future of the IS. She also emphasised that we cannot solve the problems of the Internet in a question and answer session.

Finally, Ismail Serageldin, the Director-General of the Library of Alexandria, gave a PowerPoint presentation on the state of IT use at the Library. It is impossible to cover all of the material he (rapidly yet effectively) presented. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is making use of IT in many ways, and to a large extent (their website is www.bibalex.org). Some of the problems and issues Serageldin identified for the RSIS were, to name a few:

* effective and accessible publication and dissemination of information, specifically research and the results of research;
* peer-review (or lack thereof for online publications);
* copyright and “fair use” of online materials; and
* Internet library loans.

He discussed the rise of anti-science movements, particularly in the context of fundamentalist religious groups, and both here and in his talk he noted that these were not only Islamic but also Christian fundamentalist groups. Some approaches they used to try to counter such movements were:

* the establishment of a BA science “supercourse”;
* reaching children with “My Book”, which placed the child within the book designed and partly written by the child using online resources; and
* the “Hole in the Wall” computer.

This last approach was particularly interesting and revolutionary. The concept is to place a PC secured into a recess in a wall, using a transparent cover to allow visibility and access to the touch screen. Results showed that illiterate people, especially children and young adults, were learning to read by working their way through Internet connections. They would begin by using the symbols to guide their way, but would eventually learn to decipher at least in part the messages that accompanied those symbols.

One unfortunate omission from the programme was the presentation by Tim Berners-Lee, who was delayed by a snowstorm in Boston, and did not arrive until half way through the second day of the symposium.

“THE FUTURE: What the Scientific Information Society Can Offer”

The next session was a bit of a misnomer. It was a mix of topics, ranging from GIS to technological access for urban and rural poor people to sociological aspects. The sociological paper was simply a written paper read aloud, with a singular lack of the use of any of the technology we had been discussing. The sociological presentation simply served to emphasise the growing gap between scientists and some social scientists, and made me uncomfortably aware of why the Sokal hoax had worked so well amongst the social science journals; the presentation was unnecessarily rife with jargon that obscures rather than informs.

As an aside, for those unfamiliar with the Sokal hoax, Allan Sokal is a Professor of Physics at New York University who submitted a hoax article, “Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity” to the journal Social Text. As the Skeptics Dictionary says (http://skepdic.com/sokal.html):

The article was a hoax submitted, according to Sokal, to see “would a leading journal of cultural studies publish an article liberally salted with nonsense if (a) it sounded good and (b) it flattered the editors’ ideological preconceptions?” It would. Needless to say, the editors of Social Text were not pleased.

What Sokal was attacking was the view amongst some social scientists that “physical reality” is a social construct, whereas the existence of an external “world” is an underlying premise in science. There is insufficient space to explore this issue adequately here, but the reader is referred to the many websites dealing with the Sokal “affair” (especially, e.g., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sokal_Affair and http://www.drizzle.com/~jwalsh/sokal/), and Sokal’s own site ( http://www.physics.nyu.edu/faculty/sokal/)

[ Amato writes at length of the Sokal Affair in sokal text: another funny thing happened on the way to the forum; and it is discussed in Kilgore’s review of Technoscience and Cyberculture, and Ciccoricco’s Contour of a Contour, eds. ]

In that session, nonetheless, were two presentations that stand out in my mind, those by Lida Brito, the Minister of Higher Education, Science, and Technology for Mozambique, and Onno Purbo, an engineer from Indonesia. Purbo talked about how to “Facilitate Fast and Self-Propelled Internet Access: Return to Society,” a presentation that was shifted from the second day into the first day’s programme. His presentation was, in many ways, a useful counterpoint to Serageldin’s, in particular the “Hole in the Wall” PC, noted above. Purbo obtains PC’s at low cost, usually sold cheaply or donated by large companies that are upgrading their computing systems. These PC’s are then made available in “classrooms” placed in poor urban and rural areas so that the local people can use the computers. They also learn to use the Internet. Purbo provides access by, as he put it, “stealing” open frequencies. He uses antennas ingeniously constructed from old tin cans; these are sufficient to provide the signal needed. He uses open source software, and emphasised that mass education is the key to providing a basic education to the broad populace.

His presentation also served to emphasise that education is crucial for informed and useful access to the Internet. Too many people, of whatever socio-economic level, “surf” the Net without any thought about the “information” they are obtaining. The websites they access are often a source of disinformation and misinformation. However, this also serves to reinforce the democratic nature of the Internet. We cannot control how people use the Web, and the fact that there are hundreds of sites devoted to Elvis may or may not be a sad commentary on our society, but it nonetheless also serves to show us how uncontrollable the Internet is.

I present the Elvis example, one noted at the meeting, not to denigrate the use of the Internet and the Web for such purposes. What it shows is that new technologies have become new instruments of entertainment, when the hope was that they would become self-directed teaching tools. My main point is that during many of the RSIS sessions, a number of our “elder statesmen” (and they were almost all male) talked about “control.” They seek to control access, information flow, and the development of the Internet. In this way, our “leaders” show their fundamental ignorance of this creature. I emphasise, again, Berners-Lee’s description of the Internet as a fractal and chaotic thing.

Brito’s presentation was, in contrast, a passionate “wish” list of what she would like to do and see happen, both in Mozambique and beyond. Her list was focussed around the themes of wider literacy and ” relevant ” knowledge.

The session ended with a panel discussion, ostensibly “Reflections on the Role of Science in the Information Society.” The participants each gave a short presentation, with a very brief period at the end for discussion. Most were much as expected, and a number were largely political in nature. One exception was Juergen Renn, of the Max Planck History of Science Institute and ECHO (European Cultural Heritage On-Line), who was concerned that the “core of cultural heritage is largely excluded from information technology” and noted how ECHO was formed to address this. He also briefly talked about the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. (The full declaration can be found at: www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html). While the goals of the declaration are laudable, a number of participants were concerned about the lack of copyright protection, citing cases where work done by researchers in developing countries was plagiarised by researchers in developed countries.

So concluded the first day of the conference. A number of us noted a general lack of self-criticism in most of the presentations. There was a lot of vague language and abundant use of clichés, much “looking to the future” and long wish lists. The most exciting presentations, for me, were the ones that discussed concrete examples of taking IT to the broader populace, often in quite revolutionary ways, in all of the meanings of that phrase.

PARALLEL SESSIONS

I attended the session on “Contributions to Environment.” Other sessions were on Education, Economic Development, Health, and Enabling Technologies. All of these sessions had quite active online forums for discussion in the months leading up to the RSIS and WSIS symposiums, and the forums can be reviewed at the RSIS website. Most of us contributed to more than one online discussion group, but attended only one parallel session.

In the Environment session, most of the presentations focussed on technical and management issues. David Williams of EUMETSAT talked about the Global Earth Observation Systems and Strategies, focussing on data management and the move toward an Integrated Global Observation Strategy (IGOS), which seeks a comprehensive integrated effort. Such a move needs a “shared strategy,” and involves the participation of the UN, international scientific and research programmes, space agencies, etc. They seek to develop a common approach to surface and satellite observations. The international weather observation and forecasting network is one successful example where a common strategy and approach has been developed. Williams had many interesting and pithy quotes: “The world is full of data and short on information” is probably my favourite.

Patricio Bernal, of UNESCO and the IOC, talked about the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS). There are regional GOOS “alliances.” New Zealand, where I am based, is a member of one such regional alliance. Bernal noted, however, that there needs to be an adaptation of international norms for data sharing to facilitate the further development of GOOS. This was a common theme that arose a number of times during the Environment parallel session, specifically, and the RSIS more generally. There are often conflicting protocols for sharing data and information and, as Williams’ quote illustrates, a set of data is not always usable information.

Josef Arbacher of the ESA talked about Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), a programme for monitoring of regional development, management of risk, and the guidance of crisis management and humanitarian aid. The ESA aims to have full capacity by 2012-2015. The EU will be spending 628 million euros in the 2004-2006 fiscal period, rising to 5005 million euros by the 2007-2015 period. Again, the issue of data sharing and accessibility arose, in addition to questions of data verification and transparency of the process.

Stuart Marsh, of the British Geological Survey Remote Sensing Group, talked about Geohazards and the IS. He noted that citizens are the ultimate beneficiaries, and suggested that there are three main user groups of geohazards information: “responsible authorities”, scientists in monitoring and government agencies, and research scientists. They have different needs, e.g., baseline inventory of hazards, monitoring, rapid dissemination of information during a crisis, etc. He noted, as did the others in the session, the need for an integrated approach from surface to space, and the need for but difficulty in bringing together the different types of data. Again, this raised the issue of data management. Marsh’s presentation also highlighted, however, the gap in our knowledge about the scientific literacy of our public “authorities.” Those responsible may well be local or regional officials who are far removed from those who gather and use the data/information. These officials may have no understanding of the processes involved, and their concerns may in fact run counter to the actions that should be taken to avert a crisis. The current crisis in South Asia in the wake of the tsunami illustrates many of these concerns. An early warning system was not in place because of the cost (both for the infrastructure development and for ongoing support) and because of the lack of technical expertise to staff such an enterprise.

This illustrates a major gap in the entire RSIS - there was little or no consideration of how we get technical information to the public officials and to the wider population. The entire issue of scientific literacy was glossed over, and instead most presenters focussed on those who were trained to use the data, when, as I noted earlier, most people are using the Internet in an undirected and uninformed way, so that they are unable or unwilling to distinguish “good” reliable information from poor quality “information” or even from reports that were consciously devised to misinform the “public.”

After Marsh, Stuart Salter, who leads the Species Information Service (SIS) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), gave probably the most thoughtful of the Environmental presentations. He discussed “appropriate technologies.” As an example to start off his talk, he mentioned an emergency in Belize where large volumes of vaccine were required, but which went bad because of a lack of refrigeration. Those providing the vaccine were unaware of such a lack; it never occurred to them that large parts of the world still lack refrigeration. He used this to highlight the problem when a network of scientists (who he described as “free spirited individuals”), give “information” that needs to be organised in a common format and then propagated up and out into the community. His premise was that complex ICT systems could allow a simple “front end” and often can be configured by users to suit their purposes. He noted the need to change the “paradigm” whereby scientists visit a country, do their research, then leave and publish the results, leaving no net results in the visited country. He emphasised the need for using scientists in regional networks, working in existing well-functioning scientific and conservation networks. Then the data are vertically integrated in a relational database, using a GIS format. This is the mode of operation used successfully by the SIS for decades. The data are controlled by the scientific community, and the quality of the data is overseen by Specialist Groups, of which there are 128 in the SIS. The data are continuously updated. The SIS has thus grown from existing networks, rather than imposed from outside, which explains why it has worked so well.

Finally, Luigi Fusco of the ESA talked about “Emerging Technologies for Earth Observation and Environmental Applications.” He used as his example the wreck of the tanker “Prestige” off the northwest coast of Portugal and Spain. He noted that the satellite data were insufficient to be used alone, and that a wide range of technologies and their associated data, from surface through to satellite observations, needed to be integrated in a complex information management system. This theme of the need for integration of different types of data and information from a range of technologies and scales of observation arose again and again throughout the session.

CLOSING SESSIONS

The closing sessions were in two parts: a series of summaries of the thematic parallel sessions were presented, followed by a “panel discussion,” closing remarks from the Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and then the “Key Message” from the RSIS, presented by the Director-General of CERN. Given that the “Key Message” did not differ at all from the text circulated before the RSIS meeting, many of us wondered why we had spent two days talking about the various issues. We concluded that the greatest benefit may well arise from the creation of a network of individuals interested in the issues raised by the RSIS symposium.

The session summaries raised some common themes and issues. One of the primary issues is the integration and sharing of data within complex structures, and the desire to get IT into rural and poor urban communities. The goal to fight illiteracy, generally, and scientific illiteracy, more specifically, is a major obstacle in the building of an Information Society, which requires the wider availability and use of IT, from tertiary institutions everywhere, not just in developing countries, to remote communities.

Finally, the panel discussion amounted to little more than prepared statements from “elder statesmen” (men without exception, all elderly except for Tim Berners-Lee), and was perhaps symbolic of much of the meeting. Berners-Lee spoke for two minutes and encapsulated the essence of the Internet and the Information Society better and more succinctly than any other speaker. It is decentralized and “fractal” in its nature, and inherently uncontrollable and ungovernable. Yet so many of the politicians on the panel, for most were politicians, used outmoded and outdated paradigms and language in their politically motivated speeches. They kept talking about “governance” of the Internet and IT. I can only conclude that our political “leaders” have little or no idea about the Internet tiger they have by the tail. It is fundamentally an anarchic, often revolutionary creature, one that will refuse to be confined and controlled.


          London Update        
Went to Edinburgh, Scotland. The trip was a dampner, mainly due to bad weather and somewhat due to our bad luck. We wanted to hire a car and drive & enjoy the beautiful country side of Scotland. Couldn't do since we didn't have any credit cards on us. It might have worked with our debit cards also, we didn't have the pin numbers! The highlight of the visit was our trek up the Aurthur's Seat (which I abandoned mid-way :-). But it's a great town and nice place to visit. May be some other time I'll make a better visit to Scotland and spend more time.
***
The TV channels we get at our service apartments suck big time! Very rarely do we get to see some interesting program. Between time to watch a cricket match & telecast of that match, till now I've been able to get just one. I missed the world cup final too (oh well, but that was a let down anyway).
***
Routine during weekdays has ceased to look so bad. I've got used to it, I guess. I get up around 7, reach office by 8:30, lunch at around 12:30 and dinner around 7:30 (in office), be back home by 8:30-9 & sleep by 11:30. Started to get hang of the work also, actually liking it. Another three weeks before I fly back to India. Got somewhat encouraging feedback from office junta, but have to push a little more. I guess coming three weeks are going to be busier (wish me luck ! :-).
***
Things I learnt the hard way -
1) You can visit Switzerland on UK work permit, but 3 months' work permit won't do.
2) £80 can get you round trip to Geneva with Easyjet.com.
3) Easyjet.com refund in case you want to/have to cancel.

Sigh!
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 06-17-2015 with EC        
Playlist:

Urban Dance Squad- Grand Black Citizen - Life And Perspectives Of A Genuine Crossover Tokyo Live 1992
The Afrorockerz- I Go U Go - The AfroRockerz
Thumb- Monophona - Luxembourg Sounds Like
Zola Jesus- Hikikomori - Conatus
Bicicletas Por La Paz- Colibri - Musica Por Puppets
Rocky Dawuni- Rock Your Soul - Branches Of The Same Tree
Moloko- Fun For Me - Fun For Me
The Bad Plus- Inevitable Western - Inevitable Western
10cc- Une Nuit A Paris Pt 1 The Same Night In Paris Pt 2 Later The Same Night In Paris Pt 3 - The Original Soundtrack
Mexican Institute Of Sound- Bienvenidos A Mi Disco - Mejico Maxico
Flavia Coelho- Por Cima - Mundo Meu
Ibeyi- River - Ibeyi
Charley Patton- High Water Everywhere Part 1 - The Rise Fall Of Paramount Volume Two 19281932
Talking Heads- Dont Worry About The Government - Talking Heads 77 Remastered
Lay Low- Talking About The Weather - Talking About The Weather
Wild Cub- Thunder Clatter - Youth
Jah9- Intention - New Name Deluxe Edition
They Might Be Giants- Let Me Tell You About My Operation - Glean
Will Butler- Witness - Policy
- voicebreak -
M Aka Matthieu Chedid- Ocan - Le Pop 8
Pink Floyd- Fearless - Meddle Remastered
Waxahatchee- Stale By Noon - Ivy Tripp
Lee Dorsey- Yes We Can - Funk Soul Brothers Sisters Ghetto Funk Classics Southern Fried Soul Killers
Antonio Loureiro- Luz Da Terra - S
Bill Frisell- Rebel Rouser - Guitar In The Space Age
Morgan Heritage- Strictly Roots - Strictly Roots
Cassandra Wilson- Crazy He Calls Me - Coming Forth By Day
- voicebreak -
Vitor Ramil Marcos Suzano- Invento - Introducing Vitor Ramil Marcos Suzano
Soft Machine- Joint - Switzerland 1974
Villagers- The Soul Serene - Darling Arithmetic
Panda Bear- Sequential Circuits - Panda Bear Meets The Grim Reaper
Rokkurro- Weightless - Innra
Bostich Fussible- Moda Mkina - Motel Baja
Michael Delalla- 13 Strings - This Is How I Disappear
Polka Dogs- Love Is Like A Bicycle - Songs From Ratbag


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-06-17
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 05-04-2015 with Tonja Loendorf        
Playlist:

Wayne Hancock- Home With My Baby - Ride
Dwight Yoakam- Man Of Constant Sorrow - Second Hand Heart
- voicebreak -
The Mannish Boys- I Aint Sayin - Wrapped Up And Ready
Nathan James- Hear Me Calling - Hear Me Calling
Selwyn Birchwood- Addicted - Dont Call No Ambulance
The Bob Lanza Blues Band- Maudie - Til The Pain Is Gone
Rod Piazza And The Mighty Flyers- Neighbor Neighbor - Emergency Situation
Too Slim The Taildraggers- Wishing Well - Anthology
- voicebreak -
Martin Lang- Billys Shuffle - Martin Lang Chicago Harp Blues Sesssions feat Rockin Johnny Burgin
Ray Bonneville- Who Do Call The Shots - Easy Gone
Buena Vista Social Club- Black Chicken 37 - Lost And Found
Ludovico Einaudi- Taranta - Taranta Project
El Naan- Charro Del Marinero Y La Estrella - Cdigo De Barros
- voicebreak -
The Tornados- Telstar - The Tornados Play Telstar And Other Great Hits
Bethany Yarrow- 1 - Trouble In The Land
Soft Machine- Riff II - Switzerland 1974
Father John Misty- True Affection - I Love You Honeybear
Shakey Graves- The Perfect Parts - And The War Came
Ryley Walker- Summer Dress - Primrose Green
Sinkane- How We Be - Mean Love
- voicebreak -
Dark Horses- Live On Hunger - Hail Lucid State
Second Sky- Purpose - Touching The Surface
Tribe Society- Bullet With Butterfly Wings - Delirium Sonata
Banditos- The Breeze - Banditos
Waxahatchee- Poison - Ivy Tripp
Ambrosia Parsley- Empire - Weeping Cherry
Intuit- Patterns - Intuit
Sharon Jones The DapKings- Retreat - Give The People What They Want
- voicebreak -
The Ventures- Walk Dont Run - Walk Dont Run The Best Of The Ventures
The Sonics- I Dont Need No Doctor - This Is The Sonics
Matthew E White- Rock Roll Is Cold - Fresh Blood
- voicebreak -
Bombadil- Forgive Me Darling - Hold On
Robert Wyatt- Slow Walkin Talk - 68
Holy Ghost Tent Revival- Right State Of Mind - Right State Of Mind
Miles Davis- A Night In Tunisia - Out Of Nowhere The Rise Of Miles Davis with Charlie Parker
The Flaming Lips- Sgt Peppers Lonely Hearts Club Band feat My Morning Jacket Fever The Ghost J Mascis - With A Little Help From My Fwends
The Flaming Lips- With A Little Help From My Friends feat Black Pus Autumn Defense - With A Little Help From My Fwends
- voicebreak -
Lady Lamb The Beekeeper- Vena Cava - After
Mike Watt The Missingmen- Up To My Neck In This - While No One Was Looking Toasting 20 Years Of Bloodshot Records
Houndstooth- Bliss Boat - No News From Home
Guided By Voices- Authoritarian Zoo - Cool Planet
Guided By Voices- Costume Makes The Man - Cool Planet
Love- Young Able Good Evil - Black Beauty


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/5/playlistDate/2015-05-04
          Is Backup 'Mom and Apple Pie' in your World?        
Earlier today, I read a blog by Curtis Preston of Storage Switzerland addressing the question of 'What is Backup?'
          Drupal Global Sprint Weekend January 28, 2017 and January 29, 2017        

Small local sprints everywhere (well, not everywhere, but anywhere) will be held during the weekend of January 28 and 29 2017. Listed alphabetically by continent, country, locality (state, province, city; where applicable).


Sprint Locations

Worldwide/Virtual

  1. Remote sprint with an Accessibility focus - join the remotesprint Slack group for more. You need to join the Drupal Slack Group first (it's a lovely excuse to join if you never have)

Africa

  1. ?

Asia

  1. India

    1. Mohali, Chandigarh- Jan 28 - Details
    2. Gurgaon, Delhi-NCR - Jan 28 - Details
    3. Chennai, Tamil Nadu - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup
    4. Bangalore, Karnataka - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup
    5. Hyderabad, Telangana - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup

Australia

  1. Canberra, #govCMS Camp, Jan 30-31 Register & details

Europe

  1. Belgium

    1. Ghent, Jan 28th, Belgian DUG & Calibrate - details
  2. Bulgaria

    1. Sofia Jan 29 BulDUG - initLab Details
  3. Germany

    1. Berlin Jan 28-29 Drupal Berlin Details
  4. Italy

    1. Milan Jan 28 @Wellnet Details and application
  5. Russia

    1. Novosibirsk Jan 28-29 DrupalSib (Details will follow)
  6. Switzerland

    1. Zurich Jan 28 @ AmazeeLabs Meetup details
  7. United Kingdom

    1. London Jan 28 @Manifesto Digital Details
    2. Sheffield Jan 28-29 by Drupal Yorkshire, Union St & Magnetic Phield Details
  8. Netherland

    1. Amsterdam Jan 28-29 Details
  9. Hungary

    1. Budapest Jan 28 @Cheppers Details
  10. Poland

    1. Wroclaw Jan 28 @Ratio Web; details, FB
    1. Warsaw Jan 28 @New Emma Hostel; details, FB
  11. Serbia

    1. Novi Sad, Jan 28 @Develomon, details: drupal.rs
  12. Spain

    1. Cáceres, Jan 28th, details
    2. Bilbao, Jan 28th, details
    3. Sevilla, Jan 28th, details
  13. Slovenia

    1. Ljubljana, Jan 28 @ Agiledrop, details: g.d.o, Meetup

Latin America

  1. Argentina
    1. Buenos Aires, Jan 28th, @MediaMonks details
  2. Perú
    1. Lima, Jan 28th, CTIC-UNI details

Canada & US

  1. Canada
    1. Toronto, Canada - Jan 28 - Details
    2. London, Ontario, Canada - Jan 28 - Details
    3. Vancouver, BC, Canada - Jan 27 @ 5pm - Jan 28 - Details
  2. US
    1. Georgia, Atlanta - Jan 28-29 - Details
    2. Massachusetts, Boston - Jan 28-29 - Details
    3. North Carolina, Charlotte - Jan 28 - Details
    4. Texas, Austin - Jan 28-29 - Details
    5. NYC, New York - Jan 28 - Details

To contribute

This is a wiki page. Please edit.


To participate

  • use "Drupal Global Sprint Weekend 2017" in the description of your sprint meetup, sprint camp session, mini-sprint, wind-sprint, or all-day sprint, like: "Drupal All-day Sprint in Anywhere Town, IL, USA is part of Drupal Global Sprint Weekend 2017."
  • add a link to your sprint on this page. The link can be to a website, meetup, event on groups.drupal.org, blog post or whatever is appropriate for your event.
  • link back to this listing of local sprints
  • add an "event" of type "sprint" on groups.drupal.org in a group for your area, to put your sprint on drupical.com and get exposure to people in your area
  • use the #SprintWeekend hash tag on twitter
  • use the tag "SprintWeekend2017" on d.o issues (no # in this tag name!)

Suggested announcement

A blurb to add to your session/event description (edit to fit your event):

Everyone is welcome; if you have built a site in Drupal, you can contribute. We will split into groups and work on Drupal core issues. Bring your laptop. For new folks: you can get a head start also by making an account on Drupal.org, getting some contribution tools, and developers can install git before coming and git clone Drupal 8 core.

Resources to help plan your sprint

Resources for participating in a sprint

(needs updating for 2017, but this is a start)

Issues and Topics to Sprint On

Initiative leads and module maintainers should create and link to planning pages.

Past global sprints

The curious might want to see the locations from 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013.


          51 Degrees luxury thermal retreat in Switzerland        

This stunning luxury resort property called 51 Degrees is nestled high in the mountains of Leukerbad, Switzerland has been interior designed by Marc-Michaels Interior Design Inc. This world-class exclusive getaway retreat hotel, spa and private residences features stunning snow-capped valley views of the mountains and trees. Leukerbad, a quaint resort town of only 1,400 is […]

The post 51 Degrees luxury thermal retreat in Switzerland appeared first on One Kindesign.


          How the title chasers' central midfielders work – and why Fellaini doesn't        
It looks as though things are finally starting to gel for Jose Mourinho’s Manchester United. The 4-1 victory overLeicesterthree weeks agowas the first time in years that United played with the high-tempo conviction we'd taken for granted in the Fergie era, and although the subsequent 1-1 draw again Stoke was considerably less inspiring, Mourinho’s long-term project is clearly moving in the right direction. Dropping Wayne Rooney has helped compress the shape of the side, largely because both Juan Mata and Jesse Lingard can now be accommodated in the starting XI. Both of these players drifted intelligently towards the centre of the pitch against Leicester, linking the lines with quickfire short passing and overwhelming Claudio Ranieri’s two-man midfield. But just as important was their ability to renege on fielding a real defensive midfielder in their defeat of the Foxes. This is their weakest position – and to win the league you need to field one in the vast majority of games you play. United’s back four and front five possess the quality of champions, but – unlike all of their Premier League rivals – their defensive midfielder doesn't look the part. Changing role The modern defensive midfielder has evolved quite a bit since the mid-noughties, when Mourinho’s tactical powers were at their peak. Back then, Claude Makelele was the anchorman archetype driving Chelsea to successive league titles; a strong, no-nonsense midfielder who rarely took risks in possession and clattered into anyone who tried to dominate his space. The role has become far more technical in 2016. The worldwide tactical vogue has shifted to an emphasis on frantic high-pressing and counter-pressing football, and as a consequence the defensive midfielder now needs to be considerably sharper in possession. The pitch has become more and more compressed, which means everyone in the engine room must be adept at both weaving away from the press and quickly releasing the ball to start counter-attacks. As is increasingly the case for each player on the pitch, the defensive midfielder is much more of an all-rounder these days, capable of slaloming out of trouble like a winger and threading passes like a playmaker. Unfortunately, Marouane Fellaini simply cannot live up to these expectations. Fellaini’s shortcomings Fellaini was always likely to become a favourite of Mourinho’s due to his reputation as something of a teacher’s pet; he listens carefully to his manager’s instructions and attempts to carry out the tactical plan diligently. However, his technical ability leaves a lot to be desired. He's far too ponderous when United have possession, and his awkward posture on the ball means he often misses the split-second opportunities to pierce the opposition lines and evade the press. The Belgian's not athletic enough, either. Fellaini often goes missing in matches, failing to adequately cut off the passing lines or close out the spaces that yawn open between defence and midfield. This is the most important part of the job, but one that Fellaini's still struggling to understand. As attacking lines narrow among Europe’s elite, it's looking increasingly likely that United’s shortcomings in defensive midfield could separate them from the rest of the top six. Fellaini gifts Leicester a goal in the Community Shield Here's how Fellaini compares to his rivals... Chelsea – N’Golo Kante Kante’s defensive brilliance is well documented; nobody in the Premier League breaks up play as well as Chelsea’s French midfielder. But aside from his exceptional reading of the game, Kante’s confidence in possession was a vital aspect of Leicester's title-winning campaign last time out. The Foxes’ ability to hit their opponents on the counter was their primary tactic last season, and many of their quick breaks forward wouldn't have been possible without Kante’s initial pass. After one of his monstrous tackles or interceptions, the former Caen destroyer would invariably jink away and play an intelligent forward pass. Without his composure under pressure, Riyad Mahrez and Jamie Vardy would never have found the space they did. Given that Mourinho loves to counter-attack, Fellaini’s deficiency in this area is a cause for concern. Kante wins the ball and moves it on against Arsenal Everton – Idrissa Gueye Gueye is the player who Manchester United should have acquired over the summer. At just £7 million, the Senegal international looks like the value signing of the summer: only Kante made more tackles and interceptions last season, with Gueye currently leading the tackling charts for 2016/17 with 5.1 per match. Like Kante, he's very skilled at instigating counter-attacks and bursting forward in possession; in both defence and attack, the 27-year-old is a considerably more effective defensive midfielder than anyone in the United ranks. Tottenham – Eric Dier England’s Eric Dier is remarkably composed for his age. Although Mauricio Pochettino uses him in a more conservative role than many defensive midfielders at top clubs (he often drops deep to make a flat back three during Spurs attacks), Dier’s calm defensive work instills a soothing sense of control over the rest of the team. Fellaini is too erratic and ill-disciplined to provide similar assurances from the heart of midfield, which can lead to nervous displays from Mourinho’s team. Arsenal – Granit Xhaka Arsenal’s new Swiss midfielder needs more time to settle in England, but when he does the fans will see he's the perfect fit. Strong in the tackle and capable of playing in a more advanced role when required, Xhaka's the Patrick Vieira type that Arsenal have been after for years. The Switzerland international already averages more tackles (3.5) and interceptions (2.4) per 90 minutes than Fellaini, and these statistics will only improve once he has fully adapted to Premier League football. Xhaka snaps into a tackle against Leicester Manchester City – Fernandinho Let’s leave the analysis of the Brazilian to his manager, Pep Guardiola. "Fernandinho can do everything," the Manchester City boss said recently. "What we have achieved so far would have been impossible without him. He's fast, he's intelligent, strong in the air and he can play in several positions. No sooner does he see a space than he runs there immediately. If you need someone to make a correction or a challenge, he sees it too. If a team had three Fernandinhos, they would be champions.” United wouldn't mind just one. Liverpool – Jordan Henderson Jurgen Klopp’s choice for defensive midfield is testament to the evolution of the role over the last decade. Henderson has always been a box-to-box midfielder but this season Liverpool have moved him into a deeper position – andKlopp will be satisfied with the speed of his progress. The 26-year-old Henderson is helped by James Milner’s new position as an inverted left-back; the ex-Leeds utility man is often found alongside Henderson, simplifying his team-mate’s role and shrinking the space within which he must operate. Fellaini would probably benefit from a similar system to Klopp’s, but under Mourinho this is highly unlikely. Given that Michael Carrick’s ageing legs don't offer a long-term solution and Morgan Schneiderlin doesn't appear to be in Mourinho’s plans, United desperately need to look for a new defensive midfielder in January. Without an upgrade on Fellaini, the 2016/17 Premier League title may just be beyond them. New features you'd like every day on FourFourTwo.com
          Spotlight On: Breitling SA        
A Swiss watchmaker based in Grenchen, Switzerland, was founded in 1884 by Leon Breitling. The reputation of this brand was made as it became the go-to precision watchmaker for aviators. At such precarious heights, precision is key and as such … Continue reading
          Watches-and-diamonds.com Blog Tracks Jewelry Trends        


If you’re looking for more information on the latest jewelry trends, check out the blog at Watches-and-diamonds.com ‘s web site, www.watches-and-diamonds.com. I love to read fashion blogs online, and this blog from the number one watch retailer on the web is quickly becoming one of my favorites for news on jewelry trends. It has a great variety. I’m always surprised to see how much I can learn about watches on their web site at www.watches-and-diamonds.com/blog.  Today, they have a great feature on the Odis Bob Dylan watch, which I know my Dad would just love for his birthday. The classic but rustic watch really captures the style of Bob Dylan’s American tomboy look.

The blog also always features new advertising campaigns for watches, and it has articles on watches that sell at auction, or remarkable watches like a recent $5 million watch that is on display in Basel, Switzerland. According to the Watches-and-diamonds.com blog, the watch is for display only. The blog also helps to explain special features on watches. It’s a great resource if you are wondering what all those knobs and dials on your new watch are for! It can also help you plan your next jewelry purchase to make sure you get the most for your investment.

The blog is written by the team of experts at Watches-and-diamonds.com. After catching up on the blog, I always click over to their retail site at www.watches-and-diamonds.com to see what’s new or on sale. Watches-and-diamonds.com is an international company that curates a finely edited collection of watches. They have watches from around the world at surprisingly great prices! I’m always impressed to see how well they can beat department store prices. Check out the blog and the retail site next time you are looking for a watch or just a good read online.
          How Watches-and-diamonds.com Scouts Select Watches        


Watches-and-diamonds.com has a huge selection of over 1,000 new watches from 35 designers. It has certain classic watches that are always available, but much of its inventory also shifts depending on trends and what is available from watchmakers. They have watches at a range of prices, and you can find pieces from the most classic to the most avant-garde. You can see the entire collection of men’s and women’s watches at www.watches-and-diamonds.com. Shlomo Lustig, President of Watches-and-diamonds.com, is in charge of the company’s collection. He travels the world looking at promising new designs and selecting pieces for sale on the website. 

However, he can’t choose all of the pieces himself, since he is often needed at the main Watches-and-diamonds.com office in Birmingham, UK, or its sister office in Dallas, Texas. When he can’t travel personally, Shlomo Lustig relies on trained scouts to make recommendations for which watches Watches-and-diamonds.com should purchase for resale.

How do the Watches-and-diamonds.com scouts select new watches? They start by reading up on the year’s fashion trends, particularly as they relate to jewelry. It is important for scouts to anticipate what Watches-and-diamonds.com customers will be looking for as they shop. Then, they visit watchmakers. They have established relationships with some major brands, but they also look for smaller manufacturers who might have a great product with less exposure. For example, they often visit small watch shops in Switzerland to look for watches that they could help market to an international audience. When scouts find a piece that is appealing in terms of style, they consider value and quality. They only purchase watches that will last for several years, because they know that their customers want a high-quality watch. Watches-and-diamonds.com scouts are also trained in pricing watches, so they know when a watch is priced correctly.

                  
Swisscash.biz - The Financial Service Back By Swiss Mutual Fund (1948)

Swiss Mutual Fund is an offshore investment company providing services for investors who seek opportunities through offshore investing. Swiss offers mutual funds and other vehicles that meet our clients' individual and specific needs. Swiss has developed a three-cornerstone approach to achieve these goals. We attempt to maximize returns , but simultaneously limit downside risk through hedging. Moreover, we provide full transparency to investors. This forms the basis of how we work. Swiss was set up after World War Two in 1948 by the Cheviot family of France and based their operation in Berne, Switzerland for 48 years before shifting to The Commonwealth of Dominica in 1996 due to changes in financial regulations in Europe. Offshore countries flexible financial environment, taxation scheme and regulations offer Swiss's clients a more stable and higher returns on their investment.

Swiss Investment Team provides a portal to institutional investment management and commercial lending groups. Backed by our firm commitment to providing proactive client servicing, Swiss provides fast, easy access to the contacts, resources and materials you need.

Our experts will research a broad range of investment products, lending capabilities and benefit services based on your investment criteria and specific needs.

SwissCash More Detail ....

          India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1        

New York: India came down by one slot and was ranked 131st among 188 countries on Human Development Index (HDI) 2016 released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

India fell under the "medium human development category" and its HDI, at 0.624, was behind Sri Lanka and the Maldives in South Asia.

Sri Lanka and the Maldives were ranked 73 and 105 respectively and figure in the "high human development" section.

India was placed behind countries like Gabon (109), Egypt (111), Indonesia (113), South Africa (119) and Iraq (121) among others. The report lists a total of 188 countries.

China occupies the 90th spot. Bhutan is at 132, Bangladesh 139, Nepal 144 and Pakistan is at 147.

Devised and launched in 1990, HDI is a statistic which ranks countries into four tiers of human development on the basis of indicators like life expectancy, education and per capita income.

A higher lifespan, higher level of education and higher GDP per capita results in a country scoring higher HDI.

The top three countries in HDI were Norway (0.949), Australia (0.939) and Switzerland (0.939).

"Identifying those who have been left out of the progress in human development and mapping their locations are essential for useful advocacy and effective policymaking," according to the report.

"Such mapping can help development activists demand action and guide policymakers in formulating and implementing policies to improve the well-being of marginalised and vulnerable people," it added.

The report said gender equality and women`s empowerment were fundamental dimensions of human development.

However, globally, women have a lower HDI than men, despite having higher life expectancy at birth, said the report.

South Asia`s Gender Development Index (GDI) is the lowest.

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India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1

India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1
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          UNDP's Human Development Index: Top 10 countries        

Zee Media Bureau

New Delhi: The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on Monday declared its report on the Human Development Index (HDI) which ranked India at 130, an improvement of 5 positions from its previous ranking.

The report, compiled on the basis of estimates for 2014, ranked Norway at the top.

ALSO READ: India ranks 130th in Human Development Index: UNDP

So, which countries are in the top 10? Check out the list below.

  • Norway (1)
  • Australia (2)
  • Switzerland (4)
  • Netherlands (4)
  • United States (5)
  • Germany (6)
  • New Zealand (7)
  • Canada (8)
  • Singapore (9)
  • Denmark (10)
  • India (130)
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UNDP's Human Development Index: Top 10 countries

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          Swiss neuroprostheses explorations        
Over at the BrainSciencePodcast forum, a listener, jezcentral, contributed this link:

Launching of EPFL Center for Neuroprostheses

Excerpt:
"What's a neuroprosthesis? It's a device made up of sensors, connections and electronic chips that are embedded in the body to repair certain neurological deficiencies. Recent progress in artificial retinas and man-machine interfaces that permit communication or action via thoughts alone gives us a glimpse of the possibilities the future might hold for improving the lives of the handicapped. The new Center will concentrate on six main themes: vision (retinal implants), hearing (cochlear implants), mobility (cortical and spinal implants), non-invasive man-machine interfaces (piloting at distance, robotics), the micro-and nano-fabrication of implants, and neuronal coding (signal processing, sensors).

The Center will be inaugurated on January 1, 2009, and will formally be part of EPFL's School of Engineering, in collaboration with the School of Life Sciences and the School of Computer and Communication Sciences. This project also opens the door to fruitful collaborations with other institutions in the Lake Geneva area, such as University of Lausanne and the Cantonal Hospital (CHUV)), University of Geneva and its hospital (HUG), and the regional biomedical industry."

Other posts on how prolific neuroresearch appears to be in Switzerland:
1. Virtual Body Experience
2. Something in Swiss water?
3. More from Lausanne: Mapping the structural core of the human cerebral cortex
4. Smelling someone else's alarm bells


On a related topic, related in terms of collaborative projects done by teams of people, in this case by a private backer, reader Kent sent me a link to Piece of Mind, from the Economist.

Excerpt:
"When we first put the mouse-brain atlas online free, it was met by the research world with suspicion. People wondered what the catch was. Scientific research has long been a solitary endeavour—one researcher, one microscope. Findings are protected so that discovery credit can be clearly defined and awarded. This is a successful model and will continue to be.

However, the Human Genome Project demonstrated a different path: multiple teams working collaboratively towards a common goal (...) We wanted the mouse atlas to be free and available for all to use as the basis for foundational research and discovery.

A new generation of implantable pacemakers for the brain will be widely used to treat everything from depression to addiction and Parkinson’s disease

If we thought it would be a hit right out of the gate, we were slightly wrong. It took a while for people to trust that it really was free to use. No one believed in a free lunch.

Now, things have changed. Today we have many scientists using the atlas for their research into Alzheimer’s, bipolar disorders, Down’s syndrome, Parkinson’s, fragile x mental retardation and epilepsy. The atlas is also giving scientists insight into alcoholism, obesity, sleep, hearing and memory.

The greatest testament to what we did was that researchers of spinal-cord diseases, trauma and disorders approached the institute and asked us to create a spinal-cord atlas, which is now close to completion. We will launch the first phase of a human-brain atlas, a four-year project, in 2010.

Like the Human Genome Project, the Allen Brain Atlases and Spinal-Cord Atlas have helped democratise the scientific landscape. When you can log on to a map of gene expression from anywhere in the world, more people can enter the scientific conversation. The result is a massive saving in time, since without the atlas each researcher could spend a lifetime trying to gather complete gene-expression data for his or her work."

Nothing but good will come out of this, I'm sure. Seth Grant, who recently decoded human synapse proteomics, used free genomic data bases to arrive at new perspectives on how evolution of the nervous system has proceeded. (Here is a blog post about that.) Listen to Ginger Campbell's BrainSciencePodcast #51 interview with Dr. Grant. (It was my pleasure to transcribe the interview - the transcription is linked to the podcast shownotes.)




          Switzerland makes it illegal to snoop on file-sharing        
y_lawbookhammer

Court guts P2P  surveillance business
A Swiss Court has ordered a P2P snooping business Logistep AG, to stop gathering even publicly available information. Logistep has operated in Switzerland since 2004, and has been trolling BitTorrent sites for movies, music, or software, then connecting to swarms and logging the information.

The idea is that content providers can take this information and submit it to local courts, seeking to identify and then sue individual file-swappers. Switzerland, is not an EU member, and has decided that Logistep's methods are wrong.

The country's Federal Data Protection and Information Commissioner, Hanspeter Thür, took Logistep to court. The Federal Supreme Court ruled that IP addresses are in fact personal information and that companies like Logistep can't go about slurping them up for mere civil cases like file-swapping lawsuits.

Thür said that only the state can violate personal privacy, and only when pursuing criminal cases.


          Germany on May Day        

On the train yesterday I had a lot of time to think about all kinds of things. It was May Day, so everywhere the train went, there were families having picnics and riding bikes and walking. From my vantage point it seemed these people sure know how to live. No air pollution, lots of green, all the trees in bloom. Inexplicably they have graffitti, just like we do in the states. Is Switzerland and southern Germany really heaven? From the train it, in May, on a national holiday, it sure looks like heaven.


          Indian Actresses Wallpaper        
Source(google.com.pk)
Indian Actresses Wallpaper Biography


Katrina Kaif (born Katrina Turcotte on 16 July 1984) is a British Indian actress and former model who appears in Indian films, mainly in the Hindi film industry.She has also appeared in Telugu and Malayalam films. Being a British citizen, she works in India on an employment visa.
Kaif made her acting debut in 2003 with Kaizad Gustad's box office bomb Boom. In 2007, she earned commercial success with Vipul Shah's Namastey London and later earned public recognition for playing leading roles in such male-centric films as Partner (2007), Race (2007) and Singh Is Kinng (2008). Kaif subsequently played more prominent roles in such films as New York (2009), Rajneeti (2010), Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara (2011) and Ek Tha Tiger (2012) which was a huge success and the second highest-grossing Bollywood film. Despite earning mixed reviews from critics for her acting prowess, Kaif has emerged as a commercially one of the most successful actress of Hindi cinema.

Kaif was born in Hong Kong,to a British mother, Susanna Turcotte and a Kashmiri father.Her parents divorced when she was very young. Kaif once stated, "My dad, unfortunately, and not out of choice, has had no influence on our upbringing, on our religious or social or moral bearings. When she came to India, she changed her surname to Kaif, because it was Indian in origin and easier to pronounce.Furthermore, her first film Boom's producer, Ayesha Shroff has maintained that the actress' original name is Katrina Turcotte. She also claims that they gave her the Kashmiri father and also the surname Kaif after cricketer Mohammad Kaif as he was on top at that time. She adds that they also had thought her naming Katrina Kazi.From Hong Kong, she and her family moved to China, then to Japan. From there she went to France when she was 8, and thereafter lived for a few months at a time in Switzerland, Poland, Germany, Belgium, and other European countries. Then she moved with her family to Hawaii, and eventually to her mother's home country of England. Although it is often assumed that Kaif is from London, she lived there only for three years before finally moving to Mumbai.

Katrina Personal life including her relationships has been a great subject to the media. After years of speculations Katrina Kaif admitted in an 2011 interview for a magazine that she was in a serious relationship with actor Salman Khan for several years, which ended in 2010.
Religious views
Kaif has been to various religious places in India, including Hindu, Sikh and Islamic places of worship.She has been seen worshipping at Siddhivinayak temple, Hindu temples in Haridwar, Shirdi, Amritsar's Golden temple and Ajmer Sharif dargah.

Modeling and early film career (1998–2004)
Kaif began her modeling career at age fourteen; her first assignment was for a jewelry campaign. She continued modeling in London under a contract with the Models 1 Agency and did campaigns for houses such as La Senza and Arcadius, and even walked on the London Fashion Week.
Kaif's modeling work led to her discovery by London-based filmmaker Kaizad Gustad, who gave her a part in his film Boom (2003). The film, which starred Amitabh Bachchan and Gulshan Grover, failed to make an impact. She then moved to Mumbai and was offered a number of modeling assignments, but filmmakers were hesitant to cast Kaif due to her poor command of Hindi.
Breakthrough (2005–2006)
In 2005, Kaif made a cameo in Ram Gopal Verma's drama Sarkar, as Abhishek Bachchan's girlfriend. The same year, she landed her first major role in David Dhawan's adaptation of Cactus Flower, Maine Pyaar Kyun Kiya, where she was paired opposite Salman Khan. The film also featured Sushmita Sen, Arshad Warsi, Isha Koppikar and Sohail Khan in leading roles. Upon release, the film became a moderate success with Taran Adarsh, a prominent film critic, mentioning Kaif as a "complete revelation".The following year, she was paired opposite Akshay Kumar for the first time (she subsequently appeared alongside Kumar in a number of successful films throughout her career) in Raj Kanwar's box-office flop Humko Deewana Kar Gaye. However, for her portrayal of Jia A. Yashvardhan, Adarsh wrote, "Taking giant strides as an actor, Katrina is, without doubt, the star of the show. It's her magnetic presence and dependable performance that you carry home once the show has ended." The film has often been hailed as the major turnaround for the better in her career due to her performance.

Katrina Kaif at Book launch of Raajneeti - The Film & Beyond, 2012
In 2007, Kaif appeared in four films, all of which were successful at the box office. Her first release was Vipul Shah's romantic-comedy Namastey London. Kaif portrayed the character of a British Indian girl named Jasmeet "Jazz" Malhotra, alongside Rishi Kapoor, Akshay Kumar and Clive Standen. Upon its release, the film became a major hit, with Nikhat Kazmi, of the The Times Of India praising the chemistry between the leading couple. She next played a supporting role in Anil Sharma's melodrama Apne. Featuring Dharmendra, Sunny Deol, Bobby Deol, Kirron Kher and Shilpa Shetty, the film was a box-office hit.Her next release was David Dhawan's unofficial remake of Hitch, Partner, where she starred alongside Salman Khan, Govinda, and Lara Dutta. Her final film of 2007, Welcome, directed by Anees Bazmee and co-starring Akshay Kumar, Paresh Rawal and Anil Kapoor, was declared a blockbuster in India,despite negative reviews from critics.
Her first release of 2008 was Abbas-Mustan's action-thriller Race; she played Saif Ali Khan's secretary, Sophia, who is secretly in love with his hostile stepbrother (played by Akshay Khanna). The film also featured Anil Kapoor, Bipasha Basu and Sameera Reddy in leading roles. Despite its success, Kazmi wrote, "Katrina is too pale as the blousy secretary who comes into her own only when she gets seductive with a Touch me, kiss me tenor. "
Kaif was next seen in Anees Bazmee's action comedy Singh Is Kinng, portraying Akshay Kumar's love interest and Ranvir Shorey's fiancée. After its release, the film was declared a blockbuster, making it Kaif's sixth consecutive success at the box office. The movie also emerged as the third highest grossing film of 2008.Kaif's final release of the year, Subhash Ghai's Yuvvraaj, was a commercial failure,but its script made its way into the Library of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences for artistic merit, original screenplay with a substance, and the film as a whole.
In 2009, she featured in Kabir Khan's terrorism drama New York, with John Abraham and Neil Nitin Mukesh. It was a critical and commercial success in both India and overseas.Kaif's performance was highly praised: Taran Adarsh wrote, "Katrina gives you the biggest surprise. Known for her glamour roles, Katrina proves that she can deliver if the director and writer offer her a role of substance. She's outstanding. In fact, people will see a new, different Katrina this time."For her performance, Kaif received her first Filmfare nomination in the Best Actress category.She next had a cameo in the star-studded action-thriller Blue, popularly known as India's first underwater thriller, with Akshay Kumar and Zayed Khan.However, it was declared a flop. In November 2009, she appeared along with Ranbir Kapoor, in Rajkumar Santoshi's blockbuster comedy Ajab Prem Ki Ghazab Kahani, as Jennifer Pinto. Critics mostly praised her fresh chemistry with Kapoor rather than her performance as a whole. Her final release that year was Priyadarshan's star-studded De Dana Dan with Akshay Kumar, Suniel Shetty, Paresh Rawal and Neha Dhupia. The film had a promising opening,although dropped in collections throughout the following days. Despite this, the film was a moderate commercial success, receiving an "above average" status at the domestic box office by Box Office India.
Recent work (2010-present)
Kaif's first release of 2010 was Prakash Jha's political thriller Raajneeti, where she appeared opposite Ranbir Kapoor and Arjun Rampal. The film was a modern-day adaptation of The Mahabharata set against the political backdrop of Delhi. Nana Patekar, Manoj Bajpai and Shruti Seth also played starring roles. Upon release, the film performed extremely well at the box office, and earned Kaif favourable reviews for her portrayal of the dynamic Indu Sakseria.A sequel of Rajneeti is expected to show Katrina Kaif as the queen sized politician.However Ranbir Kapoor would not be a part of the sequel.
Her final release that year was Farah Khan's brainless comedy Tees Maar Khan with Akshay Kumar.Despite receiving unanimous negative reviews from critics and audiences alike, the film was a moderate success at the box office, receiving "Semi Hit" status by Box Office India.However, Kaif's item number Sheila Ki Jawani became a major chartbuster.

Kaif (second from left) promoting ZNMD in Chandigarh with the cast of the film
In 2011, she was seen alongside Hrithik Roshan, Farhan Akhtar, Abhay Deol and Kalki Koechlin in Zoya Akhtar's dramedy Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara, which emerged as a major critical and commercial success. Kaif was praised for her portrayal of a fun-loving diving instructor Laila. Taran Adarsh wrote, "Katrina is a revelation...the actress continues tosurprise you with her performances in film after film."She next featured in Yash Raj Films' comedy Mere Brother Ki Dulhan opposite Imran Khan and Ali Zafar.The film was successful at the box office, and earned Kaif positive notice for her portrayal of vivacious punk-rock girl Dimple Dixit, with Rahul Gangwani saying "the film ultimately belongs to Katrina Kaif. She sparkles, sizzles and infuses energy into the film." Consequently, she received her second Filmfare nomination in the Best Actress category.
Kaif's first release of 2012 was Kabir Khan's spy thriller Ek Tha Tiger opposite ex-boyfriend Salman Khan. The film opened on 15 August 2012, broke many record and was a huge success commercially. As of August 2012, Kaif is set to appear in two high-profile productions under the Yash Raj Films banner such as Jab Tak Hai Jaan alongside Shah Rukh Khan and Anushka Sharma and Vijay Krishna Acharya's adventure film Dhoom 3 alongside Aamir Khan, Abhishek Bachchan, and Uday Chopra.
Voice dubbing
It should be noted that due to her poor knowledge of Hindi (and other Indian languages), Kaif's voice was often dubbed by dubbing artists such as Mona Ghosh Shetty. However, with the exception of De Dana Dan she has used her own voice for all of her films since New York. Earlier, she had dubbed for films like Namastey London and Singh Is Kinng.
Brand endorsements
In the year 2002, Katrina Kaif was chosen as Coca-Cola's brand ambassador in Tamil Nadu along with Tamil leading actor Vijay. The Coca-Cola advertisement was popular in Tamil Nadu, with Katrina Kaif and Vijay dancing to a Tamil song called "Gullu Gullu".She has also worked for several skin products companies, particularly Veet, as well as several multi-national brands, such as Panasonic Katrina is now the brand ambassador of the national airline of the United Arab Emirates – Etihad Airways.

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          Women’s Euro Championship minnows Austria spark excitement at home        

Wageningen (Netherlands) (AFP) – Newcomers Austria have comfortably sailed into the women’s Euro quarter-finals past France, Iceland and Switzerland, turning ...

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Added On: 2017-07-28



          France Austria reach women’s Euro quarter-finals        

Rotterdam (Netherlands) (AFP) – A late Camille Abily free-kick sent 10-woman France through to the women’s Euro quarter-finals after a 1-1 draw against Switzerland, alongside newcomers Austria who routed Iceland 3-0 on Wednesday.

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Added On: 2017-07-27



          Rammstein – “Mein Land” se video is nou live!        
Mein Lieben fokken jirretjie (in kak Duitse aksent), es ist Zeit zum Feiern am Strand!!! Rammstein se eerste single Mein Land van hulle retrospective album, "Made in Germany 1995-2011" word vandag in die oorwegend Duitssprekende land soos Duitsland (fokken obviously), Oostenryk en Switzerland release. Maandag is die outjie beskikbaar in die res van die wêreled. Die single word release as ...
          Negara Paling Korup 2016        
Kita semua tidak sukakan korupsi, satu perbuatan sampah yang kita mahu hapuskan daripada kalangan masyarakat kita. Dalam satu kajian yang dijalankan oleh Transparency International, mereka telah mengeluarkan senarai Corruption Perceptions Indes (CPI).

Berapakah CPI negara kita Malaysia? Nanti kita lihat sama-sama.






Dalam index yang dikeluarkan untuk tahun 2016, negara paling korup adalah Somalia, malah ia mememang rekod ini selama 10 tahun berturut-turut. CPI yang diberikan kepada Somalia hanyalah 10 point sahaja.

Makin rendah point CPI maka makin teruk tahap korupsi di sesebuah negara tersebut. Ranking top 5 negara yang paling bersih pula didahuli oleh negara New Zealand (90 CPI), Denmark (90 CPI), Finland (89 CPI), Sweden (88 CPI) dan Switzerland (86 CPI).

Bagi negara kita pula, Malaysia diberikan 49 CPI dan berada di ranking ke 55 dunia. Mata CPI diberikan turun 1 mata berbanding tahun lalu dengan 50 CPI.




Dalam kalangan negara serantau pula Singapura dianggap paling bersih di Asia Tenggara dengan 84 CPI berada di ranking ke 7 dunia. Dan negara paling kurop di Asia Tenggara pula adalah Kemboja dengan 21 mata sahaja diberikan.

Country CPI World Rank
1. Singapura 84 7
2. Brunei 58 41
3. Malaysia 40 55
4. Indonesia 37 90
5. Philines 35 101
6. Thailand 35 101
7. Timor-Leste 35 101
8. Vietnam 33 113
9. Loas 30 123
10. Myanmar 28 136
11. Cambodia 21 156


Negara besar seperti U.S.A pula dibeirkan 74 mata CPI, dan berada di ranking 18 dunia. Manakal negara China hanya diberikan sebanyak 40 mata dan berada di tangga 79. Russia lagi bawah dengan hanya 29 CPI, berada ditangga ke 131 dunia.

Berikut adalah senarai penuh ranking yang dikelaurkan oleh Corruption International bagi negara paling kurop 2016.



          KDE sprint – Geneva 2016        
Last week, the KDE community organized a sprint at CERN in Geneva, Switzerland. I was one of the participants in the same. While a majority of the participants were involved with the WikiToLearn project, which aims at making collaborative textbooks - a project that to me, looks extremely promising and after having taken a look … Continue reading KDE sprint – Geneva 2016
          Experiences from KDE Sprints – Randa, 2015        
Well, it's been a fortnight since I participated in the KDE sprints in Randa, Switzerland and I'm slowly coming to the terms that it's over. The time I spent in Randa, was quite easily the best time of my life, not only was it my first trip abroad, but also from a technical point of … Continue reading Experiences from KDE Sprints – Randa, 2015
          Julian Barnes reads Homage To Switzerland by Ernest Hemingway        
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          Switzerland Jul 19, 2011 — Switzerland, Switzerland        
Europe 11
          Scientists Solve Switzerland's Biggest Problem: Upset Stomachs on Tilting Trains        

If you’re turning green, it’s not the scenery’s fault. As you may or may not know, Switzerland, land of chocolate, cheese, and cuckoo clocks, is also the land of trains. More than 1,800 miles of track crisscross the quaint alpine utopia, carrying 347 million passengers per year and maintaining the punctuality of a Stepford wife. […]

The post Scientists Solve Switzerland's Biggest Problem: Upset Stomachs on Tilting Trains appeared first on Discoblog.


          For Syria's President, The Year Ends Better Than It Began        
At the beginning of 2014, Syrian President Bashar Assad had agreed to send his ministers to take part in negotiations in Switzerland, and his future as Syria's ruler was not looking very bright.

He was accused of killing tens of thousands of his own people in a civil war that was nearly three years old. The opposition was demanding Assad's ouster. U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry was in Switzerland and called loudly for a political transition in Syria. He was clear about who would not be involved.

"Bashar Assad will not be part of that transition government.

          Real Architecture - Peter Markli        
Peter Märkli, one of Switzerland’s leading architects, talks about his design for a visitor centre, prominently positioned in a recent redevelopment of a pharmaceutical industrial site in central Basel.
          Comment on About the Author by Hans Martin Fagerli        
Clara! I am the former director of the Learning Centre at the Oslo University College, still strong going but retiring at June 30th this year. I am impressed by your and your collegues presentation of how the Learning Centre is used (did you know that the OUC has three cventres? The most spectacular one is based 500 metres down the street Pilestredet. The results are not suprising, but very few know exactly how the traffic really is. And at last - I got some thoughts when I saw your last name - Jurado. I had a collegue in Oslo around 1970 whose name was Henrique Jurado (from the Philippines). He went to a job i Switzerland. Are you related?
          35 International Business Etiquette Rules that Might Surprise You.        

Besides that one time in Switzerland that I yodeled my lunch order, I’ve had a good stretch of luck with not running afoul of any major rules of etiquette when doing business in other countries. Whether I’m at Breakfast with a banker in Brazil, at lunch with a lawyer in London or at dinner with... Continue Reading

The post 35 International Business Etiquette Rules that Might Surprise You. appeared first on International Business Law Advisor.


          Swiss to vote on push for at least 4 weeks paternity leave        
GENEVA (AP) " Swiss petitioners have successfully collected enough signatures to launch a nationwide referendum that would grant new fathers at least 20 days of paid paternity leave, up from one day today, the government said Thursday.The issue strikes at the heart of the work-life balance debate and would put Switzerland in line with more generous paternity leave in other parts of Western Europe, like France and Germany.The government said that petitioners who launched the [...]
          READING COMPREHENSION        

1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.

  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE


            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?

6. Authoritarian regime


            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?

7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?


10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
                                        1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.


  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?
6. Authoritarian regime

            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?
7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?
  
10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
        
              1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.






1.HATES CRIMES

The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.
Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes
The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.





1.    How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
2.    How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
3.    Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
4.    How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
5.    How many hate groups are there nationwide?
6.    What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
7.    How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
8.    Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
9.    What was the increase in hate groups last year?
10.    Who is Hillary Shelton?   


2.PILOT  ACCUSED

Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .
 Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"
Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.
Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"
1.    When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
2.    How long has he been held in jail?
3.    Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
4.    What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
5.    What did he hide in 1993?
6.    Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
7.    What are the conditions of his bail?
8.    What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
9.    Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?



3.BOSNIA INJURIES

On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .
NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.
In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"
 And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".


1.    How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
2.    Where were the two American soldiers inured?
3.    Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
4.    Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
5.    How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
6.    Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
7.    What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
8.    Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
9.    Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
10.    Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4.CLONE SYSTEM

Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?
Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid .
as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .
After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.
A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.


1.    What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
2.    What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
3.    What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
4.    Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
5.    What is the main problem of cloning system?
6.    What does Australian scientist claim?
7.    What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
8.    For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
9.    What is the specific with mitochondria??
10.    Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?
5.    ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.
The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 
 The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.
The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.
The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.
 The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.
1.    When did the car stolen?
2.    What was the lost property?
3.    What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.    What was the demand of political party?
5.    What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.    What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.    How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.    En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.    What was the monitor action on the scene?
10. what action did the local police take ?

    

6.    Authoritarian regime

President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.
"We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.
It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 
The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.
The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.
    The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.
      Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

1.    Which countries are called golden triangle country?
2.    Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
3.    What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
4.    Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
5.    What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
6.    Where is the international court of Justice located?
7.    why were the thousands of people jailed ?
8.    What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
9.    How many political prisoners were jailed?
 10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?


7.  GAMBLE

November 27, 2001
Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.
Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested  one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports . And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.
 Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.
 The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.
The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved. 
1.    How may gang members arrested?
2.    What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.    Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.    How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.    How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.    What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.    What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.    What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.    What were weapons confiscated.
        10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?


8.  EBOLA

Sunday, December 9, 2001
An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in
France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.    What did government request to Media?
2.    Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.    Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.    When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.    What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.    What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.    How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.    What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.    Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    

9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

    US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .
    There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country .
    It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.    Who is Taras?

10. THE UNITED NATION

The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states.
    After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs

1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat

                                        1. International court of justice.

    The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

    America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

    Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


11.  UN FAILURE IN BOSNIA

    A long -awaited report into the failure of a Dutch UN peacekeeping force to prevent the murder of thousands of Muslims in the Bosnian town of Brebrenica will be published on Wednesday. The Netherlands is bracing itself for the results of the inquiry in to the worst massacre in Europe since world War second. The
    BBC's Europe correspondent says Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for their part in event leading up to the 1995 slaughter. In July 1995, Srebrenica was being protected by 110 Dutch troops who were supposed to ensure the safety of the town's mainly Muslim population against surrounding Bosnian Serb forces. The United Nations had declared it a safe area but when it  was attacked, the town fill with out the Dutch UN troops firings shot . Up to 8000 Muslim men and boys were then murdered.

Five years of research

                  While the Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for letting the town fall without a fight , fault is also set to be found with the over all UN commander for failing to order air strikes to protect the enclave. The report is also understood to criticize the Dutch government for showing lack of political will. The 7000-pages report by the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation is the official Dutch history of events in Srebrenica. It has taken more than five years to produce. In a 1999 report, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan blamed the international community for its failure to protect the enclave but insisted that it was impossible " to say whether a more decisive action by the Dutch would have saved lives" .A report two weeks ago by the Interchurch Peace Council ( IKV) in the Netherlands condemned Dutch troops, generals and politicians for failing to evacuate and protect the Muslims.

Scenes from hell

    The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague has ruled that the massacre was genocide. Last August it sentenced Bosnian Serb General Radisav Krstic, considered a key commander in the episode, to 46 years in prison. The judge in the case said the massacre was characterized by " scenes from hell, written on the darkest pages of human history" Survivors' reports, aerial photography and grisly evidence exhumed from mass graves indicate the most victims in the massacre were summarily executed ,Dutch MPs may now call for a public inquiry. Seven military commanders of Royal Dutch army have been sentenced to seven years jail . Ten army personnel have been fired from the service and 20 have been restricted from the promotion as per the report of the criminal tribunal.   The BBC's correspondent Mr. Havel Eastward has been facilitated by the Dutch Government as a friends of mankind . After the massacre in the Srebrenica the Dutch government begs pardon with the Bosnian people and saying that her troops could not do any thing to save the life of the people and she is responsible to the accident.


1. How many Dutch troops were protecting Srebrenica?
2. What ethnic group were the people of Srebrenica?
3. Why the Dutch government begs pardon with the people of Bosnia ?
4. How many people were killed in Srebrenica?
5. How many army personnel were punished?
6. Who is criticized in the report?
7. Where is the International Criminal Tribunal based?
8. Would more positive action by the Dutch troops have saved lives?
9    What sentence was General Krstic given?
10    Who was facilitated by the Dutch government and why?


12.  SWARM ATTACK

    Six people were hospitalized after they were attacked by a swarm of bees in Singapore, a news report said on Tuesday. The bees attacked contractors who were trying to remove a beehive in the tropical city-state .Two police officers who were on the scene to keep back the public, were among those attacked and hospitalized. Police public affairs officers could not immediately be contacted to confirm the report. The incident occurred at approximately 12:30PM on Tuesday afternoon. Two of the people who were injured in the attack were still in the hospital on Tuesday night at 10:00 PM; however they were in good condition. Such incidents are rare in heavily urbanized Singapore. But two years ago , a 51 years old taxi driver died after he was stung by a swarm bees .The driver was changing his back left tire and he removed the deflated tire , a beehive was in the wheel well . Witnesses said that the swarm covered the man's face and hands and repeatedly sting him as he cried out in pain .He died later that night while being hospitalized. Singapore is a very small country covered by the see in the east of Asia and known as a well industrialized country.
    The big industry installations have many nooks and corners where the swarm bees get shelters. firstly people do not care about it because it seems harmless and small in the beginning but after  a year it  appeared in large scale and bees become escort free so they undermine their stung so they try to destroy their hives and got stung and the result  become very adverse. The same accident happened in The US in 1990 when a farmer had gone to his farmhouse to clean the room , he saw that there is a bee hive in the ceiling of the room he thought it was full of honey , unfortunately it was poisonous  swarm bee's hive.  He collected his two sons and a black servant to take the honey . In the mean time when they lit a fire to fly the bees , the swarm bees started stung them . The younger son who was in the door side escaped from the room after having a look at the victims and called the police . The house got in to the gutter by the fire and three injured had been hospitalize in the city centre . The house owner Mr. Kally died during the medical treatment and two had been discharged after 2 weeks with swollen face and bruises for the whole life.  The same accident happened in Nepal too on 23 September 2002. The Raute , who are famous for honey hunter ,had tried to collect honey from the very steep hill near Manang District. they made rope ladder to climb the hill and with the aid of fire they started collecting the honey .
    It was a documentary program filmed by Scottish Director visualized to broadcast in Britain  by BBC. Al together there were 15 men. When the honey hunter was climbing down from the steep hill after the successful visualization of the film. Unfortunately, one of the hunters touched the bees hive. Due to the finished job, they did not prepare for next attack and they all were on very thin cloths and without cloves . Three among five hunters fall down from the cliff and died. Two were severely bitten by the bees were died on the way to hospital and ten crew members of the visualization  were admitted in the hospital and discharged after 2 weeks .  It is said that the bees seems so calm if they are not hurt and if anyone hurt their queen , they become so terrifying and take revenge from the hunter . The queen is the most powerful among the bees. if the queen of the bees  safely removed from the hive it will be so easy to get the honey from the hive   which is considered as medicine  in eastern countries . The working bees always follow the queen bee , if she abandon the hive silently , all the bees left the hive with out revenge. so if you want to get honey remove the queen tactically and calmly.
         
1.    How many people had been killed according to the passage.?
2.    How many people had been injured according to the passage?
3.    Where was the bees's hive in the taxi?
4.    Who was the authentic person to provide informations about injured police officers according to the passage.
5.    What had happened to the two Americans who escaped from the death?
6.    What is the ideal idea to get honey?
7.    What did the team doing in Manning District?
8.    How did the taxi driver killed?
9.    Where was the bees's hive in the room?
10.    Who is the most powerful in the hive?

13.  ARAFAT POLITICS
    Arafat is not the point. As Israelis and Palestinians use ever more lethal means against each other's civilians, the question being asked in Israel and the US is not how to end the occupation, but whether or not to end the career, or even the life, of Arafat. At the time of writing this coverage trend in early February 2002, in a further escalation Israeli tanks have confined Arafat in an area of 200m square in Ram Allah. And have destroyed the remainder of his helicopter fleet that it began to destroy on the attack of his compound on 3 December 2001.
    If Israel killed Arafat or sent in to exile, nothing would change. It seems almost absurd to have to point out that forcing millions of people to live for decades under hostile military rule with no end on sight inevitably produces violent resistance. Only a mind -set that steadfastly refuses to recognize this can become captivated by a lone figure who's real and imagined failings became a smoke screen that obscures the machinery that actually drives the conflict.
    If Israel truly seeks the moral high ground it invokes in the international arena, it should stop seeking a relative high ground whose only elevation stems from the weakness and failing of its historical enemies. Rather Israel should address the most obvious things it dies to perpetuate the conflict.
    The bottom line is that the single most identifiable factor that perpetuates the Israeli- Palestinian conflict in all its forms, both legitimate, is the Israeli military occupation that exists to protect the continuing Israeli colonization of the Gaza Strip and West Bank, including Jerusalem.
    Comparisons of Arafat with Bin Laden serve to legitimize Israel's continuing repression of the Palestinians and bear no reality to the dynamics that this particular conflicts, dynamics that Israel has played no small part in creating.
    Israel's killing of civilians is a form of terrorism. The United States  tacit support of Israel's so called retaliation in US support of terrorism .Although Israeli officials are occasionally note don record " apologizing" for the latest " accidental" death of a child , there comes a point -- after a year in which one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed were children and 50 percent of these children were killed for away from clashes- that it becomes imperative to note that Israel could always simply stop killing children , instead of merely apologizing for it.
    Israel's nightly shelling of Palestinian neighborhoods has accounted for one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed during the first year of the Second Intifada .  Israel's regular killing of innocent civilians including children as a "by product " of its ironically titled" targeted killings " of Palestinian activists most commonly with rockets fired from combat helicopters at these leader's vehicles while in cit streets offer more examples of the indiscriminate violence that characterizes 'terrorism' as most people understand the word.
    Following a series of suicide bomb attacks in February / March 1996, then Israeli President Weizmann bluntly described Israel's practice of using closure to turn Palestinian towns in to prisons for the entire population: "Sometimes, when you are searching for a needle in a haystack, you have to burn the haystack".
    Israel has been encouraged to carry out similar "retaliation" as in the case of the December 2001bombing, by the knowledge that the United States would not condemn it. America must refrain from "understanding" Israel's violence. This can only have the effect of encouraging the continued Israeli killing of innocent Palestinian civilians.

1.    How many Palestinian children have been killed this year?
2.    How many Palestinians have been killed during nightly shelling?
3.    Are children targeted by the Israelis?
4.    Who is Arafat compared to and why?
5.    Where is Arafat confined, and what size of area?
6.    How many people live under hostile military rule in Palestine?
7.    What is the question being asked in Israel and the US?
8.    Why is Israel not afraid to carry out retaliation attacks on Palestinians?
9.    What happened in 1996?
10.    What dies Israel do when it is faced with suicide bomb attacks?








14.  BUS LOOTED
    A bus, which started off in Kathmandu , at 5:30 PM , traveling to Biratnagar , was looted by some Indian dacoits, which had crossed the boarder in order to escape the authorities there. They had been in Nepal for at least a month and had been regularly stopping night buses and robbing the passengers of all their belongings as well as money.
    When the bus number Ba Ga 3987, first started off from Gongabu Bus Park there was a total of 30 passengers. Just near Thankot 3 more passengers got on. The journey was uneventful until they reached Muggling, where they stopped for dinner. Here, the bus conductor managed to find 4 more people wanting to travel to Biratnagar . After about half an hour stop for dinner, they set off again. At Bharatpur 2 of the passengers got off as they had only booked up to this point. The bus had to wait for about one hour as the engine had trouble and the driver had to fix it .After this they started  of again and had a short tea break at Hetauda where another 2 people got off and one got on.
    At about 2:00 PM in the morning, when most of the passengers were asleep, the driver suddenly stopped as there was a tree across the main road. The passengers all wake up as the bus had come to a sudden stop, and were all looking out of the windows. Two Indian men dressed in black were behind the fallen tree with country made rifles; at the same time 2 also came from the back and two on each side of the bus. At once they told all the passengers to come out of the bus and line up in front of the bus, even though it as a moonlight night, no body could make out the faces of the dacoits, and could tell only by the way they spoke that they were from India. Everybody was told to remove their watches, jewelries and to empty out their pockets and moneybags. One of the men colleted all this while the others told all the passengers to lie down with their faces facing down. During this time the dacoits all disappeared, as nobody wanted to follow them as they might get shot

1.    How many passengers were on the bus when it was robbed?

2.    How many dacoits were there in total?

3.    How long did they stop for dinner?

4.    Why did they stop a second time before the robbery?

5.    How did the passengers know that the dacoits were not Nepali?

5.    Where did the bus start first?

6.    How many got in the Baratpur?

7.    Why did the bus have to stop suddenly?

8.    How many we on the bus at Muggling?

9.    Although it was night time how could the passengers make out how many dacoits there were?  
15.    KOSOVO POLICE

    On Monday 17 March 2003 , at 0745 hours , two Kosovo Police Officers were on patrol duty in a police vehicle when they observed a white van type vehicle , license 496KS858 driving very fast. The officers stopped the white van type vehicle for questioning using their blue flash lights. When the driver stopped, the patrol team stopped five meters behind his vehicle, however the van did not turn off its engine. As the officers exited their vehicle, the drivers of the white van type vehicle sped away very quickly. The officers ran back to their vehicle and chased the white vehicle .They were driving on the road to the airport. The police vehicle was driving at almost 120 km/hour but was unable to catch up to the van. Suddenly, the van turned north on to an unpaved roadway. The officers continued the pursuit. The van drove for approximately a hundred meters more. There was a big hole by the side of the road which the van fell into as the driver had lost control of the van, then it rolled upside down into a deep ditch on the south side of the roadway at grid reference 184-846. The officers stopped their vehicle on the opposite side of the roadway and proceeded cautiously toward the offender's vehicle. When they were approximately two meters away form the white van type vehicle they could see that the offender was still in his vehicle but was not moving. There were no sign of blood or injury  to the offender .As the officers got closer they could see three bundles, approximately 35 cm by 20cm by 25cm in the rare cargo area of the vehicle . One of the bundles was ripped open and a dark green plant material was showing, the officers assumed that it was marijuana. The first officer proceeded to the front of the vehicle to check the physical condition to the driver. The offender was breathing but didn't respond to any of the officer's verbal commands.  The officer radioed for an ambulance and the offender was taken to the local hospital. The second officer searched the offender's vehicle and found another bundle under the front seat with a knife. The Knife was 20 cm long with old blood stains. There were no papers or registration found in the vehicle. All material were seized as evidence and taken to police station.

1.    What were the 2 officers doing at 0745 Hrs?
2.    Why did they ask the van to stop?
3.    What was their reason for stopping the van?
4.    At what distance behind did the police stop?
5.    How many bundles were seen?
6.    Approximately what speed was the van traveling when in pursuit?
7.    What did the officers assume it to be?
8.    Was the knife found before or after the suspect was taken to hospital?
9.    What distance did the van travel on the dirt road?
10.    How did the man crash the vehicle?
16.    GERMANY SOOTING

Germany was in shock yesterday after 19 years old, masked gunman shot 17 people, including two female students, before killing himself in a school massacre in the eastern city of Erfurt.
The black -clad gunman a recently - expelled student of the Gutenberg secondary school, burst into a classroom during an exam yesterday morning around 11 AM and started shooting with a pump action rifle mounted on his back. "He passed us in the corridor with out paying any attention and walked straight into the secretary's office and started shooting." He said. Witnesses said the gunman walked through the building, opening classroom doors and targeting staff, killing nine male teachers, four female teachers, a secretary and two female students all within minutes. Caretakers heard the shots and notified the local police. Two officers arrived on the scene and discovered two dead bodies in the entrance hall. Moments later the gunman appeared and opened fire, shooting dead one of the policemen. A special commando unit immediately surrounded the school, which has nearly 700 students. As the shooting continued, around 180 students were still trapped in the building. Commandos stormed the building shortly before noon and came upon what was described as terrible scenes. 'Bodies lay in the halls, in bathrooms and classrooms' said Mr.Rainer Grube, a police spokesman. The gunman, who had barricaded himself into a room, shot himself as officers approached. 'The gunman killed himself when he saw that there was no way out for him' said Mr., Grube.
    For the students trapped inside the building, their ordeals ended nearly three hours later when they were led, pale and shaking, out of the school to worried parents at the gate. They were all receiving counseling yesterday evening, while four people injured in the attack were brought to hospital. Police were last night still investigating students reports that there was a second gunman. They had no motive for the shootings yesterday evening. Friends of the as yet unidentified gunman described him as an intelligent student who was ' full of life' and often spoke of his wish to become famous. The massacre is one of the most violent attacks in German post -war history, and ranks alongside the 1996 school shooting in Dunblane and the 1999 massacre in Columbine , Arkansas. Yesterday evening Erfurt residents were in shock and German politicians speechless .
'We are stunned at this horrific crime. No explanation we could give would go far enough right now ' said the Chancellor, Mr. Gerhard Schroeder, expressing his sympathy for the families of the victims and the students who witnessed the attack. He ordered the German flag on the Reichstag in Berlin to flown to be flown at half mast. 'We are all in one room .One teacher is dead, we are crying.



1.    Which two other massacres are mentioned?
2.    How many people were injured in the attack?
3.    What time did the shooting start?
4.    What weapons were used?
5.    How many teachers were killed?
6.    Did the gunman target students?
7.     Who notified the police about the shooting?
8.    Who stormed the building and when?
9.    How many police men entered the building initially?
10.    How long it take to gunman to kill the people and was there only one gunman?



17.  DEAD BODY FOUND

Mr. John Edwards lives alone in his cottage in the southern part of Cambridge, UK. He was a retired officer who previously worked for the finance office which was based in London. He had been retired for 5 years now and spent most of his time in Cambridge. He had worked for 34 years and during that time lived in London. By the sides of his cottage, there was a husband and wife living who used to work for Mr. Edwards. The woman would cook his meals and the man would attend to the garden. Mr. Edwards had no close family or friends who would come to visit him regularly .On December 15 , 2002 ,Mr. Edwards was found dead in his study at 0700 hrs. His body was fund by the woman who did his cooking. She had informed the police when she had seen him lying on his desk at 0700hrs. All the doors were closed from the inside so the woman thought in quite suspicious so she looked through the window. This is when she saw Mr. Edwards at his desk. When the police arrived at 0730 hrs. They broke open the door and checked the body. Mr. Edwards was confirmed dead and his body sent for post mortem. By the side of the table there was a bottle and a letter which said that he was taking his life as he was fed up and didn't see any future in continuing. All these materials were sent to the police lab for the necessary testing. The reports all confirmed that Mr. Edwards did take the poison, traces of which were found in his blood and on his lips. On the latter, apart from Mr. Edward's finger prints, there were other prints found as well. When the police checked up they found that it belonged to the husband the woman who cooked for Mr. Edwards. The police found this very suspicious as the husband had said that he never came into the study at any time. The police brought the man in for questioning and under interrogation he at first denied that he had gone to the house ant any time. After 2 hours, he changed his story and said that he
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          Kareena Saif and Taimur enjoying their holidays are just amazing!        
Kareena, Saif and their little bundle of joy Taimur Ali Khan Pataudi are currently holidaying in Gstaad, Switzerland. Check out some pictures from their vacation:
          Novak Djokovic on fire in 2011, Adds BNP Open        
Novak Djokovic is, in basketball parlance, on fire.

2011 is shaping out to be Djokovic' year, seemingly at the expense of Roger Federer, to the gloom of die hard fans like me.

Novak Djokovic
Novak Djokovic on Fire
Image from tennis-wallpapers.net

Over last week, I was keeping tab on the BNP Paribas Open in Indian Wells, California. I fought the urge to blog about it because Roger Federer is playing & I do not want to jinx him.

I was doing my regular online sports browsing this morning when I learned that Novak just won the BNP Paribas Open championship over world no. 1 Rafael Nadal, 4-6, 6-3, 6-2.


2011 is heaven for Djokovic.
To the sadness of Federer, die hard fans like me, Novak now seemed to have Federer's number.

Federer, my good ol' great Federer. I don't think he suffers a dip. It is just that his opponents improved over the times he was giving them a beating on the tennis court.

If these achievements come down to Novak's confidence, it probably came from leading Serbia to the Davis cup title at the end of last year.

Well, the good thing. Roger Federer will playing for Switzerland in the Davis Cup July this year. :)


          [CH] Siemens delivers: BLS Cargo 406 and 407 arrive in Switzerland        
none
                  

Check out the size 1 Spider that I am sending to Alaska today. I emailed the customer to confirm the size and sure enough, they have a young broomball enthusiast. Fun week. I shipped to Switzerland and England. Freight was ridiculous, but they need the equipment and love the game.
          LADY DIANA        


Diana Frances Spencer lahir pada tanggal 1 Juli 1961 di Sandringham, Inggris. Putri Diana adalah sosok ikonik abad ke-20. Dia mempunyai kecantikan feminin dan glamour. Pada saat yang sama, ia dikagumi karena kegiatan amalnya, dan mendukung kampanye untuk melarang ranjau darat. Menikah dengan Pangeran Charles pada tahun 1981, ia menerima gelar "Yang Mulia Putri Diana dari Wales" Dia adalah Bunda Pangeran William dan Pangeran Harry 2 dan 3 dalam garis takhta. 


Putri Diana dilahirkan dengan nama Diana Frances Spencer, anak bungsu dari Edward Spencer dari isteri pertamanya Frances Spencer pada tanggal 1 July 1961 di Park House, Sandringham Estate. Beliau dibaptis di gereja St Mary Magdalene di Sandringham, oleh Percy Herbert. Diana mendapatkan pendidikannya di Riddlesworth Hall di Norfolk dan di west Heath Girl's School, di Sevenoaks,Kent, dimana beliau diangggap sebagai seorang pelajar berprestasi .Saat berusia 16 tahun, Diana meninggalkan sekolah West Heath untuk melanjutkan studinya di Institut Alpin Videmanette di Switzerland, sebuah sekolah yang menitikberatkan pada pendidikan budaya diamana disitu juga terdapat wadah bagi para pelajarnya untuk kegiatan - kegiatan sosial. Walaupun Diana tidak cemerlang dalam pelajarannya tapi beliau merupakan seorang penyanyi amatir yang baik.


Diana mempunyai latar belakang keluarga kerajaan dan bangsawan. Dari garis keturunan ibunya, Diana memperoleh darah Amerika. Moyang Diana merupakan seorang wanita dari keluarga berada dari Amerika, Frances Works. Dari garis keturunan ayahnya, Diana merupakan keturunan langsung Raja Charles II melalui dua anak laki-laki di luar nikah dan meneruskan Raja James II melalui seorang anak perempuannya yang di luar nikah. Menurut penyusun biografi Diana, Lady Colin Campbell, moyang kepada moyang Diana, Eliza Kewark (beberapa sumber mengeja nama Kewark sebagai "Kevork" atau "Kevorkian") berasal dari BombayIndia dan kemungkinan keturunan orang India, walaupun keluarga Diana sering mengatakan yang keluarga "Kevork/Kewark" adalah dari Armenia.
Setelah perceraian orang tuanya, Diana dibesarkan oleh ayahnya. Dengan kematiannya di sebelah ayah, Albert Spencer pada 1975, Ayah Diana menjadi Earl Spencer ke-8 dan Diana diberi gelar Lady Diana Spencer dan berpindah rumah ketika ia masih menjadi anak-anak di Park House ke rumah keluarga besar mereka di Althorp. Setahun kemudian, ayahnya menikah dengan Raine, Countess Dartmouth, anak perempuan novelis romantis,Barbara Cartland.Diana dibesarkan di rumah keluarga Park House, sebelum pindah ke Althorp pada tahun 1975. Ketika dia bertemu dengan calon suaminya, Diana bekerja sebagai asisten paruh waktu di sebuah sekolah pembibitan di London 





Diana menikah dengan Pangeran Charles. Diana 13 tahun lebih muda, pada usia yang hanya 20 tahun, Charles berumur 33 pada saat pernikahan

Pada tanggal 24 Februari 1981 Lady Di bertunangan dengan Pangeran Charles, dan tanggal 29 Juli 1981 mereka menikah di Kathedral St Paul, London, dalam upacara yang sedemikian meriah. Keberuntungan Lady Di seolah mewakili wanita muda di seluruh dunia pada umumnya yang memperoleh jodoh dan bersama-sama mengarungi bahtera perkawinan. Lady Di seolah begitu sempurna mewakili sosok wanita idaman yang begitu harmonis dan bahagia menemukan cintanya, apalagi dengan calon pewaris tahta kerajaan Inggris. Lady Di semakin disayang poleh pers Inggris ketika mulai melahirkan putra pertama Pangeran William Arthus Philip Louis, kemudian disusul putra kedua Pangeran Henry charles Albert David. Sangat terasa kebahagiaan masih menyelimuti keluarga baru ini.



Namun selang beberapa tahun kemudian mulai muncul benih-benih keretakan keluarga dengan berpalingnya Charles ke cinta pertamanya, Camilia Parker Bowles. Selain itu ternyata Diana ternyata menderita bulimia, tercatat sampai lima kali mencoba bunuh diri seperti dalam biografi yang ditulis Andrew Morton.Bukan hanya Charles yang main affair dengan wanita idaman lain (WIL), tetapi Diana pun terang-terangan punya affair dengan pria idaman lain (PIL). Harapan dan sekaligus "kepercayaan" yang diberikan oleh masyarakat dunia agar pasangan ini bahagia selamanya tidak mampu mereka pertahankan. Setelah diumumkan oleh PM Inggris John Major pada 9 Desember 1992 bahwa pasangan itu hidup berpisah, pada 28 Agustus 1996 keduanya benar-benar berpisah. Kisah bak dongeng yang (diharapkan) serba indah pun berakhir.


Harian Woman's Day pada edisi 31 Agustus 1997 menurunkan tulisan berjudul Diana Jatuh Cinta, Diana oh Diana...., menceritakan makin intimnya Lady Di (36) dengan milyader Dodi al-Fayed (42). Siapa mengira, redaksi harian ini malam harinya harus menyiapkan aneka tulisan untuk disajikan esok harinya, sehubungan dengan meninggalnya Putri Diana dengan pacarnya Dody, pengendara mobil Henri Paul dan bodyguard Al-Fayed Trevor Rees-Jones dalam suatu kecelakaan lalu lintas di Paris, Minggu (31/8) dini hari? Kami memilih judul berita utama Putri Diana Mati Saat Temukan Cinta Sejati, karena ternyata sepanjang perkawinan dengan Charles -- berdasar pengakuannya di biografi maupun wawancara dengan pers - dia tidak merasakan indahnya cinta sejati. Dengan caranya sendiri dia mencoba menemukan cinta sejati itu. Namun takdir menentukan lain. Tiada hal yang pasti di dunia ini, kecuali kematian, dan Diana telah membuktikan hal itu. Dunia kaget dan bersedih. Wajar pula kiranya bila Inggris terkejut dan "marah". Namun Diana terlanjur pergi dan tidak pernah kembali. Tidak akan ada lagi senyum menawan wanita pemalu yang mencintai anak-anak dan sesama antara lain dengan aktif dalam kampanye anti-ranjau darat di seluruh dunia, mencintai musik klasik dan balet, serta pemain ski ulung dan jago .        






MENJADI seorang publik figur, apalagi seorang wanita cantik yang pada waktu itu menjadi istri seorang calon pewaris tahta kerajaan, memang tidak mudah bagi Lady Di. Di mana saja dia berada, sorotan kamera televisi, kilatan blitz foto, dan coretan pena di atas notes-notes, senantiasa mengiringi. Seolah apa saja yang dia lakukan, apalagi setelah mulai melakukan affair, menarik dijadikan berita. Belum lagi -- dan ini yang justru lebih banyak dan lebih merepotkan -- kehadiran pa-parazzi yang selalu membuntuti orang - orang penting dan kaya untuk difoto paling eksklusif dengan imbalan honor tinggi dari media yang bersedia membelinya.


The Sun, The Mirror, dan Daily Mail, adalah tiga tabloid di Inggris yang langganan membayar tinggi foto-foto eksklusif kiriman paparazzi. Salah satu penyulut kecelakaan maut Diana dan Dodi itu adalah akibat ulah paparazzi yang bertindak berlebihan dan pantang menyerah karena mengejar honor tinggi. Toh masyarakat dunia tidak dapat menyalahkan sepenuhnya ulah paparazzi maupun media yang terus memberitakan perkembangan kisah Lady Di karena mereka memang tertarik menikmati perkembangan berita terbaru cerita putri itu.




Pada 31 Agustus 1997 Diana meninggal dunia karena kecelakaan mobil yang dikemudikan di jalan terowong Pont de l'Alma di Paris bersama-sama dengan Dodi Al-Fayed dan sopir Henri Paul [3].
Mobil Mercedes-Benz W140 (no pendaftaran 688 LTV75) dikemudikan oleh sopir keselamatan Hôtel Ritz ParisHenri Paul mengemudi dengan kecepatan tinggi untuk menghindari kejaran para fotografer paparazzi. Analisis darah menunjukkan Henri Paul telah minum alkohol 3 kali lebih dan mengurangi kestabilan sewaktu menyupir. Tetapi teori konspirasi menyatakan sampel darah itu milik orang lain karena biasanya sopir keselamatan dan profesional tidak minum pada malam Diana berada. Henri Paul berhasil melintasi 13 tiang terowong tetapi gagal mengawal mobil selepas itu. Soalnya mengapa di dalam terowong. Terowongan dua tiang itu dibuat tanpa pagar logam. Semua yang berada dalam mobil tidak memakai sabuk pengaman. Anehnya pengawal pribadi Fayed yang bernama Trevor Rees-Jonesselamat. Dodi Fayed dan Diana duduk di tempat duduk belakang. Pendarahan dalam berlaku sehingga Dodi dan Henri mati di tempat kejadian, sedangkan dalam 2 jam setelah dioperasi di rumah sakit, Diana meninggal sekitar jam 4 pagi. Kecelakaan terjadi sekitar jam 1 pagi. Pemakaman diadakan pada 6 September 1997 dan disiarkan secara langsung ke seluruh dunia, ditonton lebih 1,5 miliar penonton di seluruh dunia.
Alasan kematian Diana, berbagai teori konspirasi muncul. Ayah Dodi Fayed ialah Mohamad Fayed seorang pengusaha keturunan Mesir yang memiliki toko mewahHarrods. Banyak teori mengaitkan perisik MI6 , CIA dan Mossad terlibat dalam komplotan membunuh putri yang diramalkan akan memeluk Islam dan diramalkan mempunyai anak beragama Islam, serta memiliki keturunan yang namanya berawalan Muhammad atau Fatimah yang nantinya mungkin menjadi raja/ratu Inggris. Rekaman CCTV tidak menunjukkan tanda-tanda Henri Paul mabuk ketika berjalan keluar menuju mobil mereka. Peguam Michael Shrimpton turut mendukung Henri Paul tidak ada tanda-tanda mabuk atau kesan dadah.
Beberapa fotografer paparazzi tiba di Alma. Mereka terdiri dari Serge ArnalChristian MartinezStéphane Darmon dan Serge Benhamou. Pada 13 Juli 2006, majalah Chi yang terbit di Italia menyiarkan gambar-gambar putri Diana menerima bantuan oksigen dari petugas paramedik selepas kecelakaan mobil itu. Gambar itu diambil beberapa menit selepas kecelakaan.






Maraknya pemberitaan dan duka dunia atas meninggalnya Lady Di, menunjukkan bahwa wanita itu memang memiliki kharisma luar biasa. Komitmennya terhadap kemanusiaan, dan perjuangannya mewujudkan keluarga yang berbahagia, memberikan inspirasi dan semangat bagi kaum wanita dunia untuk tidak mengenal lelah melakukan hal yang sama. Menjadi istri, ibu, dan sekaligus publik figur yang baik dan bermakna bagi sesama memang tidak mudah dilakukan oleh setiap orang. Namun seorang Lady Di telah berjuang keras meraihnya (meski gagal) di antara guncangan hebat kehidupan pribadinya. Bukan hasil yang dipentingkan di sini, tetapi proses untuk mewujudkannya.


Maraknya pemberitaan dan duka dunia atas meninggalnya Lady Di, menunjukkan bahwa wanita itu memang memiliki kharisma luar biasa. Komitmennya terhadap kemanusiaan, dan perjuangannya mewujudkan keluarga yang berbahagia, memberikan inspirasi dan semangat bagi kaum wanita dunia untuk tidak mengenal lelah melakukan hal yang sama. Menjadi istri, ibu, dan sekaligus publik figur yang baik dan bermakna bagi sesama memang tidak mudah dilakukan oleh setiap orang. Namun seorang Lady Di telah berjuang keras meraihnya (meski gagal) di antara guncangan hebat kehidupan pribadinya. Bukan hasil yang dipentingkan di sini, tetapi proses untuk mewujudkannya.






           Kinderpornografie: child sexual exploitation material         
Merdian, Hannah Lena (2013) Kinderpornografie: child sexual exploitation material. In: Study Visit to the Forensic Psychiatric Hospital Basel, October 2013, Basel, Switzerland.
          Fundraising Specialist – Digital Engagement (P3) - Daryl Upsall Consulting International SL - Geneva, QC        
Fundraising Specialist – Digital Engagement (P3) PFP/PSFR - Fundraising and Partnerships/Fundraising Services Location: Geneva, Switzerland Reporting to:
From CharityVillage.com - Fri, 21 Jul 2017 13:49:19 GMT - View all Geneva, QC jobs
           Effects of residual fatigue on pace regulation during sprint-distance triathlon running         
Taylor, Danny and Smith, Mark F. and Vleck, Veronica E. (2013) Effects of residual fatigue on pace regulation during sprint-distance triathlon running. In: II World Conference of Science in Triathlon, 7-9 Feb 2013, Magglingen, Switzerland.
          The Templar spruce, while ev'ry spout's.        
They fill the heart with rapture, but sight.
Now and therefore asked the dwarf by all means to let him have the cloth.
On his way from Switzerland to Sicily, he had heard of their visit them.
God has turned his heart to all your virtues. sake, for your own sake, and for your child's, you will not!' 'For twenty years I have acted from an imperious sense of duty,' said 'O mother! dearest mother! say not these words.
The light disclosed him standing without support, as who was all his son would have been, were enough for the support of his charred on the edge, and knitted his bushy eyebrows heavily at the on his breast, nodded at him slightly.
Her heart was beating lost, dazed, patient, as if waiting for the confirmation of the too.
          Linda Mack of Mack International Leads Panel at European Family Office & Private Wealth Management Forum        

Linda Mack of Chicago-based Mack International was chosen to lead a panel discussion at the June 15-17 European Family Office & Private Wealth Management Forum produced by Opal Financial Group. The forum, held in Geneva, Switzerland, attracted high-net-worth individuals and family offices, private investors and asset managers from around the world.

(PRWeb July 07, 2011)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2011/7/prweb8619874.htm


          Stained Glass - Part 2        
This week is part 2 of the 2-part series on stained and painted glass.

WAP site URL:
http://weeklymg.com/wml

View all sizes.



Chagall window detail

Chagall window detail -- from Flickr user gaspart is against Yahoo censorship
License: Attribution




Tiffany Angel

Tiffany Angel -- from Flickr user stu_spivack
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




The Chancel Window, Lincolnshire

The Chancel Window, Lincolnshire -- from Flickr user Lincolnian
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




Redeemer

Redeemer -- from Flickr user web_guy94301
License: Attribution




Mary and Jesus

Mary and Jesus -- from Flickr user millicent_bystander
License: Attribution




Church window in Normandy

Church window in Normandy -- from Flickr user mamjodh
License: Attribution




Detail - God the Father

Detail - God the Father -- from Flickr user mamjodh
License: Attribution




Saint

Saint -- from Flickr user seeks2dream
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




From the Naga Cathedral

From the Naga Cathedral -- from Flickr user dboy
License: Attribution




Flowers in a Tiffany Window

Flowers in a Tiffany Window -- from Flickr user stu_spivack
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




Angel with Harp (Oxfordshire)

Angel with Harp (Oxfordshire) -- from Flickr user Vitrearum
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




Medieval politics, palace of Busleyden

Medieval politics, palace of Busleyden -- from Flickr user e3000
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




Stained Glass Jesus, Cluny Museum

Stained Glass Jesus, Cluny Museum -- from Flickr user beggs
License: Attribution




Window depicting Lucerne, Switzerland

Window depicting Lucerne, Switzerland -- from Flickr user miheco
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




Tiffany Window, Yale

Tiffany Window, Yale -- from Flickr user ragesoss
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




Angel sculpture face and stained glass window (Belgian)

Angel sculpture face and stained glass window (Belgian) -- from Flickr user e3000
License: Attribution/Share-Alike




Divine World Shrine, Quezon

Divine World Shrine, Quezon -- from Flickr user My Visita Iglesia
License: Attribution




Church window in Brittany

Church window in Brittany -- from Flickr user fdecomite
License: Attribution






Creative Commons LicenseUnless otherwise noted, all content on this blog is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.5 License.
          Six weeks in Thailand or six days in Switzerland? How long £500 will last in 32 different countries        
none
          Brexit: An opportunity that could be wrecked by politicians        
So the UK votes to leave and the PM decides to leave, but not now.  The Chancellor of the Exchequer hides, and beyond the Bank of England printing a few billion, nothing else happens.

The EU has already decided to play tough and has its own position, which is essentially "fuck off, the walls are going up, deal with it".  Although Germany is being much more nuanced.

The Conservative Party has to find a new leader, and from that a new Cabinet and a policy on negotiations.  Labour meanwhile is going the same way.  It is likely a new Conservative leader/PM will call a General Election on a manifesto of leading the UK into a new open, free-trading world with a new free trading relationship with the EU.   Leaving the EU requires the UK to initiate it formally, which the EU is begging for, but the Government would rather delay because it changes its bargaining position.

Yet that could be problematic, not least because a key plank of those fighting to leave the EU is to end free movement of people with the EU, and all countries in the EU Single Market (including non-EU Norway and Iceland) all have signed up to free movement, and even non Single Market Switzerland has, although it does have extensive restrictions on new residents having access to any government provided services.

Meanwhile, leftwing nationalists have jumped on an opportunity.  Sinn Fein wants a referendum on Irish unification, but the Northern Ireland First Minister has said no.  Scottish First Minister Nicola Sturgeon is flailing about wanting a second referendum on independence, but wont discuss:

1. The EU only lets non-members join, not current members split into joining and non-joining;
2. Joining the EU means joining the Euro;
3. 90% of Scottish trade is with the UK, Scotland in the EU would mean any EU trade barriers with the UK also apply to Scottish trade with the rest of the UK.

Spain, showing it really hasn't turned as far from Francoism as it would have liked, is demanding co-sovereignty over Gibraltar.

Meanwhile, the young leftwing social justice warrior types (Generation SnowFlake some have called them, for their "safe spaces", being "triggered" by hurt feelings and constantly protesting about what is offended) feel "betrayed" about the old "ruining their futures".  However, the truth is that the majority of the young didn't care enough to vote as revealed by Sky News below.

Whinging about democracy when it doesn't go your way, whilst embracing it otherwise, is beyond the pale, as are some of the hate filled attacks on older votes coming from those whose own identity politics is supposed to decry hate speech.  The truth being that the so-called liberal leftwing anti-hate, anti-violence activists are full of hate and quite happily embrace violence to get their "own way".  It's emotion laden petulance, of the kind you would have only seen from the fringes of the far-right and conspiracy theorists had the vote gone to Remain. 

So what should happen now? (notwithstanding who the PM and Government is)

1. The Government should announce the key planks of a new relationship with the EU around trade, investment, movement of people and co-operation, that it seeks to adopt.  It should clarify to the entire country that it is not going to be a UK of isolationism, but one of openness.

2. The Government should make it clear to all EU passport holders in the UK that no-one will be deported, except under existing arrangements for threats to national security or criminals.  No EU residents need fear this, nor will their property be affected or businesses, and if anyone threatens them they should go to the Police.

3. The PM should make it clear that there will be no referendum on Scottish independence this side of Brexit, but that the Government will consult with the Scottish government and parliament on the deal it seeks with the EU.  It is precipitous to talk about Scottish independence until Scotland sees the new deal negotiated with the EU.

4. The PM should make it clear that there will be no referendum on Northern Ireland joining Ireland unless the preconditions of the Good Friday Agreement are met, but that equally it cannot happen until the new deal with the EU is negotiated AND negotiations are concluded with the Republic of Ireland.

5. The PM should go to Dublin and discuss the future relationship and reassure that no border controls will be reinstated.

6. The PM should go to Germany and talk, extensively, about how to make this work, and then go to all other EU Member State capitals, and the EFTA Member States too. 

7.  The Government should go to the WTO to discussing reviving membership.

8. The PM should visit USA, China, Japan and other trading partners and say that it wants to have open, freer trading relationships and the UK will be open for business and people.

9. Finally, the PM should make it clear that there wont be a second referendum on membership and that those who want to claim it is unfair, that this is democracy and the task now is to bring the country together and work for a new relationship with the EU and the world that demonstrably proves the claims of the Remain activists wrong.

Oh and ignore Nicola Sturgeon.  The Scottish Parliament can't "veto" the British Government any more than Lambeth Borough Council can stop the UK having nuclear weapons.


          EU truths and untruths        
With the UK now voting as to whether it remains in the EU or stirs up what has been described as "the biggest change in European politics since the fall of the Berlin Wall" (although the war in Yugoslavia and the first genocide since the Nazis ought to come close), I thought I'd run through some of the claims of both sides that are intellectually dishonest.

Remain

3 million jobs are linked to trade with the EU: Well yes, but then nobody is saying trade with the EU will end and nobody campaigning to leave wants inferior trading conditions.  The European Free Trade Association provides free trade with the EU, with Switzerland, Norway and Iceland all members.  The idea that leaving the EU means 3 millions jobs are at risk is a gross exaggeration.   However, if the EU is bloody minded and puts up tariff barriers equivalent to what it does for the rest of the world. it is a 4% average tariff on UK trade to the EU, which is negative for jobs, but hardly a huge risk. 

If the UK leaves the EU, you might need a visa to visit the EU: Nonsense.  You don't need a visa to visit the EU from the US, Canada, Australia, NZ or any of the EFTA member states.  What would change is having the right to live there.  Given those wanting to leave mostly want to end the free movement of people, that could be a concern for some. 

Leaving the EU will create a recession: No it wont.  The worst estimates are a small reduction in economic growth, but the long run estimates are a 6% long term slowing of growth if the UK gets the most inferior trading conditions likely with the EU (and assuming the UK has no free trade agreements with any other countries, like the US, Japan and China).  It also assumes the UK does not cut any EU regulation out at all.  In short, the Treasury estimates used by the Government of a recession are based on leaving the EU, and not taking advantage of the new freedom to trade and freedom to relieve the economy of EU Directives that impose costs on growth.

The EU means food, petrol, flights, energy and mobile phone charges are lower: Unmitigated rubbish, quite the opposite.  The EU Common Agricultural Policy inflates the price of food in the EU by 17% over market prices.  The EU legally requires all Member States to tax petrol by at least around 32p/l (but the UK government taxes it at 80% more than that).  The Single Aviation Market goes beyond the EU, with many non-EU countries as participants.  Norwegian Airlines has grown rapidly in the past couple of years, expanding long haul flights between the UK and US.  Norway is not in the EU. The EU inflates energy prices, by requiring minimum levels of taxation on gas and electricity bills, and imposing renewable energy obligations on member states.  Yes mobile roaming in the EU is lower than it would have been had the EU not enforced it, but it's clear EU protectionism and "normalisation" of regulations imposes costs on consumers. 

The £10 billion paid into the EU is "returned' many times over: No it's not.  What is returned is free trade, which should never be at the cost of paying for farming subsidies or infrastructure investment in other countries.  Leaving the EU doesn't mean an end to trading with the EU. 

The EU has 50 trade agreements we lose access to:  Many of which are with micro-states/territories, like San Marino, Andorra, Liechtenstein, Faroe Islands, Guernsey.  The only significant economies with deals are Mexico, South Africa and South Korea.  The UK could readily negotiate during the transition deals easily as good or better, as the main forces for protectionism in trade are the likes of France.

Staying in means reform:  That's highly unlikely.  David Cameron couldn't even get all the reforms he asked for with a threat of Brexit (which clearly the EU saw through as being unlikely), why would it happen after a vote to Remain?  The UK holds 9% of the MEP seats in the European Parliament, and although it is a significant contributor, reform is sclerotic.  The EU hasn't significantly cut back any of its activities and always finds new ones.  It is a political project of integration, and shows little sign of ever caring what is thought of it.

David Cameron's deal means unemployed EU migrants can be deported:  No, they can't. EU citizens can't be deported from Member States unless they are a threat to national security or criminals.  

Leave

Leaving the EU will fix the immigration "problem":  Assuming the problem is too many immigrant, and the failure of the Government to cut annual immigration to less than 100,000 people, leaving the EU will enable the UK to ration EU immigration like it does for non-EU.  However, non- EU immigration is already over 150,000 per annum.  Nobody is saying Brexit means deporting immigrants (thankfully).  Most concerns over immigration are perceptions about access to taxpayer provided services, and more often than not reflect the bankruptcy of the world's biggest health bureaucracy, which is treated as a religion never to be reformed (NHS), the bizarre legal obligation of all local authorities to ensure anyone who lives in the UK has housing (including rooms in hotels paid for by taxpayers), the open access to compulsory education and the sclerotic way the UK restrains supply of housing and roads.   Leaving the EU wont solve any of that, but then those wanting to stay in the EU are also devoid of responses to what are more fundamental problems.  

Turkey is joining soon: No it's not.  Notwithstanding David Cameron's hypocrisy over the issue, it is difficult to see Cyprus accepting Turkey until there is settlement over northern Cyprus, or Greece accepting Turkey until Turkey secures its southern borders with Syria and Iraq.  However, Serbia, Montenegro, FYR Macedonia and Albania will all likely be members within 10 years.

Money saved will be spent on the NHS:  Well the half that is a rebate and is current subsidies wont change, although there is a chance to make some serious saving there.  The rest?  Well it can go on many things, but there is a case for simply cutting the deficit by £10 billion a year.  After all, despite George Osborne's platitudes, the UK government is still overspending.  What happens with the money is up to the government.  The Leave campaign is not the government.  Yes leaving the EU wont save £350 million a week, more like half that, but the rebate is not set in a treaty, and the spending 

UK will be drawn into the Euro and ever closer union: The UK has a treaty opt-out of the Euro and has to agree to treaties for ever closer union, but it wont mean it doesn't face the costs of ever closer union.  That will depend on future negotiations.

The UK can get trade access as good as the Single Market without free movement of people:  This is unlikely, simply because it would mean the Single Market is undermined and would be a massive backtracking of the principles of the EU.  Signing up to EFTA or the EEA will mean some compromise on this.

          NZ Herald wrong about EU referendum        
The NZ Herald has decided that it thinks the UK should stay in the EU, but its editorial on the issue is  woeful, it misses the point and is dotted with errors.  There is nothing in the editorial about the key problems with EU membership, around how EU laws are developed undemocratically (introduced by the European Council, MEPs can't introduce legislation), how the EU is inordinately wasteful including on policies that harm New Zealand's economy (including the Common Agricultural Policy) and harm developing countries.  Nothing about the protectionism of the EU slowing the ability of the UK to trade freely with growing economies in Asia and Latin America.  

New Zealand has full control over its trade policy, its domestic regulations and immigration policy, but the UK does not have the same at all.

It's not true that no country has ever left the EU, Greenland did.  Now that's not anything remotely on the scale of the UK.  Of course, neither did the NZ Herald point out that Switzerland, Norway and Iceland all have thrived outside the EU.  The EU is not Europe as much as it likes to think that it is.  

It's true that Brexit could encourage a break up of the EU, but is that necessarily a bad thing? An unwieldy arrogant technocratic organisation that failed miserably to deal with the refugee crisis, was paralysed by the breakup of Yugoslavia, unable to agree on acting until the US intervened to stop Serbia deporting Kosovan Albanians.  The spectre that European countries will wage war on each other when they have functioning liberal democracies with extensive trade and travel with each other. 

Yet the Herald editorial paints the picture that Brexit somehow increases the chance of Russia invading the EU? Why?  NATO provides the security guarantee for its members, it isn't weakened by the UK leaving the EU - at all.  Why would it matter?

The claim that Scotland will leave the UK after a Brexit vote is also rather fatuous.  Polls on Scottish independence still say 55% would vote to stay in the UK, and there is little reason why the UK Government would hold another referendum on Scottish independence.  It's highly presumptive to think Brexit means Scottish independence.

Finally, yes it is immigration that is motivating many voters to want to leave the EU, but not immigration from outside the EU, it is concern that free movement will overcrowd the country, keep down wages and overwhelm government provided services. 

However, for me, it is because the EU is a sclerotic unaccountable project that keeps the UK in chains, it also subsidises unfair competition to New Zealand producers in world markets and restricts sales of many NZ products into the EU.




          Libertarian position on the EU Referendum        
On 23rd June, the UK will vote on whether to remain in or leave the EU.  I'm voting to leave the EU, and believe that, on balance, those who believe in individual liberty including free trade should strongly support leaving the EU.

Bizarrely, Prime Minister David Cameron, having campaigned for a referendum, is now claiming that a vote for the UK to leave would trigger recession, economic catastrophe and even risk future war.  He’s been asked why he bothered putting the UK through such a risk, particularly since only months ago he said the UK would “do ok”.    Now both the Tory Government, most of the Labour Party and virtually all Liberal Democrats, Scottish and Welsh Nationalists and the Greens are all campaigning to remain in the EU, whereas the campaign to leave is led by Boris Johnson,  Michael Gove, nearly half of Conservative MPs, a handful of Labour MPs and UKIP.

The two main planks of the Remain camp are first that leaving the EU Single Market would damage the economy, and they cite many economists, the IMF, World Bank and OECD who all support this, along with some major business leaders and companies.  The second claim is that leaving the EU “lessens Britain” and isolates it, and means the UK loses influence. 

The Leave campaign has a few key messages.  One is that it will save £350m a week from not contributing to the EU (although that excludes receipts from EU programmes to the UK and Thatcher’s rebate, which could be removed at any time).  Secondly, is that leaving the EU will return sovereignty to the British Government, rather than the EU, which passes laws, even if all British MEPs oppose them, imposing them on the UK.  Thirdly, is concern that immigration cannot be effectively controlled whilst there is free movement and full rights for all EU citizens to reside in the UK.

For a libertarian, the EU referendum does mean a trade off.   Indeed, the only two elements of the EU that are pro-freedom are the single market and free movement of people.

EU Membership does provide a single market of over 550 million people, for goods if not for services.  However, it is a customs union that is highly protectionist, and has for decades been one of the biggest objectors to global free trade in agriculture and in many services at the WTO, particularly because France is consistently resistant to trade liberalisation.   Much is made of the EU signing “trade deals” with other countries, but it rarely includes services and never includes agriculture.   Nick Clegg likes to describe the many years and reams of paper needed for the EU to reach trade agreements with the likes of Canada, as if this is the norm (and a burden the UK would have to bear with other countries if outside the EU).  Yet this is quite unnecessary.  New Zealand and Australia agreed on free trade (CER) in less than four years, with a relatively simple agreement.  The only reason free trade agreements become complex is when one of the parties wants exemptions – not actually wanting free trade. 

The second libertarian element of the EU is the free movement of people.  The ability to cross borders virtually unimpeded is of significant value, but it is unconditional.  No EU Member states have the ability to shut out other EU citizens if they have been convicted of any serious offences.   I am not from the camp that believes that free movement within the EU is inherently bad, but I do believe countries should be able to exclude foreign nationals who are proven violent criminals.  The UK's immigration problems are in part, its own fault.  Its health system is the world's biggest civilian bureaucracy that makes feeble attempts to restrict non-national usage and asks nothing of users in terms of financial contributions.  Anyone with legal residency in the UK has access to the welfare state (including generous tax credits for low income workers and child benefits), to taxpayer funded education for their children and access to publicly subsidised housing (indeed there is a "legal right" to housing in the UK, paid for by others).   

In short, the UK has a welfare state edifice that is attractive to migrants with low skills, especially coming from much poorer countries with inferior health, education and housing provision.   If it wants to reduce immigration, it ought to look in the mirror.

Furthermore, as journalist Rod Liddle said at a Spectator hosted event on June 13th, eastern Europeans don't pose an existential threat to western civilisation or to the values of individual freedom that give cause to be concerned about Islamism.  As much as some are concerned about Polish migration to Britain, they integrate, they embrace the values of a developed Western liberal democracy, they set up businesses, they are not demanding media not offend them with threats of violence. Notwithstanding the distortions caused by the UK's wider welfare state, I am not concerned about migration from eastern European, as long as prudent measures are made to exclude convicted violent criminals.

However, the freedom of movement and freedom of trade within the single market do not, for me, outweigh what's wrong with the EU:

- It is a massive exercise in regulation and legal control on almost all areas of the economy.  The EU has over 10,000 Directives on anything from standards for fruit and vegetables, to blowtorches, to light bulbs, to employment.  It is a huge corporatist system that imposes major compliance costs on businesses, restricting new entry and restraining innovation.  Most explicitly, the EU has prohibited the use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture, ensuring that research and development of GM technology outside laboratories is based in the US and Asia, not Europe.

- Its budget is dominated by the protectionist racket known as the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).  The CAP inflates the price of food for Europeans by heavily restricting imports from more efficient producers from many countries, including New Zealand, and subsidises overproduction in Europe which is then exported undermining market prices in other countries including poor producers in developing countries.  The CAP impoverishes farmers in poor countries, whilst the EU engages in pious virtue signalling about how much it cares about inequality.  The CAP itself isn't even equal in Europe, as it would have gone bankrupt had eastern European producers been subsidised at the same rates as those in western Europe, so perversely farmers in the EU's poorest countries (e.g. Bulgaria) receive subsidies one-third lower than those in its richest countries (e.g. Luxembourg).

- The EU takes £10 billion a year of British taxpayers' money more than it returns (and most of what it returns is to prop up farmers, to fund research projects or pious regional development projects).  That is money currently borrowed from future taxpayers.  It should end to help balance the budget.  The ludicrous idea that this is the "price for accessing the single market" is absurd.  Free trade does not need to be accompanied by massive subsidy schemes for small parts of the EU economy or politically motivated infrastructure, research or vanity projects (such as Galileo - the EU's complete duplication of the US GPS system, under the nonsensical basis that the US might "shut it down one day").  Furthermore, the majority of EU Member States are not net contributors, and until the past three years neither was France (primarily because it takes so much back in subsidies to prop up its 19th century farming sector).

- The EU is fundamentally authoritarian in instinct, having contempt for the democratically expressed choices of EU Member State voters (the EU President recently said that certain political parties would "not be allowed" to have power if they won elections in EU Member States, such as the Freedom Party in Austria).  The EU's utter failure to provide any discipline on spending in some Euro-member states and contempt for popular revolt at the resulting economic collapse reflects its distance from the concerns of Europeans.  Notably, it has taken few steps to address Hungary's creeping authoritarianism as its government subverts much of its media to support its own propaganda.

- Members of the European Parliament have no powers at all to introduce new legislation including legislation to abolish existing Directives.  Only the European Council can introduce draft legislation into the European Parliament, and the Council is comprised of people appointed by Member State Governments.  The closest the EU gets to accountability is that MEPs can vote to oppose the passage of draft directives, but none can propose their own new legislation.

- The European Commission budget has been found to be materially in error every year for the past 18 years, most recently by 3.9%, or around €5 billion.  This is in part because of the complexities of its spending programs there is considerable scope for fraud and mistake.  Never mind, the EU just keeps asking for more money.

- The EU never cuts its budget, ever.  Every year it asks for more and more, it never ceases to undertake any functions, it never seeks to hand back powers to Member States.  It grows inexorably.  Ten years ago it didn't have a common Foreign Policy, it is now discussing haviuniong an EU Army.  Bear in mind this growth continues in spite of it telling the likes of Greece and Spain that they need to cut spending to balance their budgets.

- The EU falsely claims it is responsible for peace in Europe amongst its Member States, ignoring not only the role of NATO in deterring war with the Soviet Union, but also the more fundamental principle that liberal democracies don't go to war with each other.  The EU got in the way of addressing the war in the Balkans in the 1990s as it opposed letting the Bosnian Muslims arm themselves to respond to the Serbian ultra-nationalist genocide being led by Radovan Karadzic, it has been divided over Ukraine.

- The EU attracts mediocre political appointees to have considerable power over us all.  The UK supplied the second Foreign Minister, Catherine Ashton, a Labour Party member, unionist and former peer (i.e. never elected) who had no foreign policy background.  Failed UK Labour Leader Neil Kinnock built a long career for himself and his family in the EU.  

- The EU has attacked free speech by requiring Google to remove content from searches that EU citizens specifically request as being the "right to be forgotten" .  More recently it has sought to have a common approach to "hate speech", including a call to restrict "disrespectful public discourse".  Fuck off you arseholes.

- The EU project's ultimate end game is a European superstate with power over taxation, national budgets and a massive programme to "harmonise" the regulation of all industries and sectors as one.  This superstate will not be interested in reducing what it does, granting more freedoms to its citizens and reducing its burden on taxpayers, rather the contrary.

Supporters of the Vote Leave campaign have produced this movie below, which is being freely distributed.




I have already cast my postal vote to leave and no, I don't take the views of President Obama, John Key, the IMF, World Bank,  UN Secretary General or others into account.  I don't expect any government or any international organisation to risk their own trade and relationships with the world's largest economy (the EU) by supporting the UK leaving.   Most bizarrely, it is odd that President Obama would ask the UK to stay in a political union that the US itself would never bind itself to even if it could, given the US itself refuses to sign up to many international treaties because it doesn't want its sovereignty restrained.

However, let's be very clear what leaving the UK does not mean:

The campaign to leave the EU is not led by those who want the UK to be isolated and protectionist: Unlike the opposition to the UK's original EEC Membership in 1975, those who lead the campaign to leave the EU now are not primarily socialists who feel threatened by foreign competition.  They are advocates of free and open trade with the rest of the world.   They are dominated by concerns that UK's national sovereignty is eroded by the EU and that the EU is wasteful, sclerotic, inefficient and dismissive of individual freedoms and people's concerns about it.

Leaving the EU is not "ending co-operation": Over 160 countries in the world co-operate on a vast number of matters.   Switzerland, Norway and Iceland are not in the EU, all trade freely with it and work with it and each other and other states, without being tied to the EU project.

Leaving the EU is not racist:  By illiberal-leftwing standards, the EU itself may be deemed racist with its trade policy that harnesses protectionism and European taxpayers' money to harm producers in developing countries.  Those advocating for Brexit want an immigration policy that does not favour EU citizens from non-EU citizens, which would appear to be anything but racist.

Leaving the EU is not "leaving" or "turning our back on Europe":  The EU is not Europe, it is a political-customs union project.  The UK has been at the heart of advocating values of freedom, civil liberties, liberal democracy, rule of law and separation of powers in Europe for much longer than any other countries in Europe.  It is understandable why some countries with recent totalitarian pasts would see the EU as a project that may enable them to move on from unspeakable horrors and oppression, but the UK does not have such a path.  UK outside the EU would trade, travel and work closely with European countries, with continued migration and investment, it simply wouldn't be shackled to how the EU wants Europeans to interact.

Leaving the EU is not seeking a return to a "golden age": Far from it, it is seeking to regain full sovereignty over UK laws to create a more dynamic, outward looking Britain that isn't dependent on the EU for freer trade with the rest of the world.  No one harks back to Empire, some say Brexit will enable trading relationship with the Commonwealth to be revitalised, but few see a future of self-sufficiency and exclusion.

So I have voted to Leave.  I know if it happens, the pound will drop, the FTSE100 will drop and there will be panic.  I also know that there are strong calls for Brexit to mean a significant toughening of immigration policy, which I largely oppose.  I also know there is chance the UK will be blocked from the single market for some time, as the EU and major EU Member States seek to punish the UK for leaving, rather than look at themselves as to why that might be.

However, I am also hopeful and optimistic that the world's 5th largest economy can be more outward looking, can liberalise its economy, can reprioritise its net contribution to the EU by cutting its budget deficit and replacing the subsidy programmes it receives now and phase them out.  I am hopeful that the UK can show the EU that it should be more dynamic, open and prosperous, stimulating the sort of reforms EU Member States desperately need.  I am also hopeful that the charlatan, the PR spin doctor Prime Minister, David Cameron, can finally retire, and the UK can have a government that doesn't look like the Labour Party stayed in power after 2010.

          2020 Telecom Trends: Gerd Leonhard at the ITU Leadership Future Summit 2014        
▶ 2020 Telecom Trends_ Gerd Leonhard intro to ITU Leadership Future Summit 2014 Doha - YouTube [720p] This is my introductory presentation to the leadership-future-event at the ITU's yearly Teleworld event which I curated, see telecomworld.itu.int/world-2014/summit/. All the PDFs and further details at futuristgerd.com/category/itu/ December 7, 2014 Thanks for your interest! Gerd Leonhard Futurist, Author and Keynote Speaker Basel / Switzerland futuristgerd.com or gerdleonhard.de
          Gerd on digital ethics and values: technology does not have ethics!        
What are ethics A short excerpt from my speech at TedX Brussels, see bit.ly/1Lm5UAf for the video and the slides PDF Thanks for your interest! Gerd Leonhard Futurist, Author and Keynote Speaker Basel / Switzerland futuristgerd.com or gerdleonhard.de
          Future planning is all about DISCOVERY (clip by Gerd Leonhard)        
Future planning is all about DISCOVERY This is a short excerpt from my opening keynote at CA Expo in Sydney Australia, August 27, 2014, on the future of business, technology and the app economy, see youtu.be/NGWQDpVOWUE for the entire 50 minutes and gerd.fm/CAExpoAUS for the slides and other details. Thanks to CA Technologies for making this video available! Thanks for stopping by! Gerd Leonhard Futurist, Author and Keynote Speaker Basel / Switzerland futuristgerd.com My Youtube channel is here: GerdTube.com (you can also download all videos from here). Most of my books, presentations and slideshows are available via gerdcloud.com
          A historic day for the LGBT civil rights movement as equality marches and rallies are held in over 115 cities        
This past Sunday, June 11, was indeed a historic day for the LGBT civil rights movement, as not only did thousands march on our nation’s capital Washington, D.C., but in over 116 cities across the United States, Puerto Rico, Canada, Australia, Switzerland, Spain and others. There have now been six LGBT marches on Washington with […]
          Postings 8/3/11        
Assistant Toddler Teacher Intern, Jabbok Family Services--INSTEP-Twin Cities
Event Planning/ Development Internship, Mothers Against Drunk Driving-Twin Cities
Community Engagement Intern, Ordway Center for Performing Arts-Twin Cities
Community Outreach Worker, C.L.U.E.S-Twin Cities
Bilingual Employment Skills Trainer, C.L.U.E.S.-Twin Cities
Development Assistant Intern, Global Volunteers-Twin Cities
ESL Job Club Intern, The Minnesota Literacy Council-Twin Cities
HR Internship, The Arc Greater Twin Cities-Twin Cities
Spanish Language Intern, Urban Arts Academy-Twin Cities
Human Resources Intern, Neighborhood House-Twin Cities
Human Resources Assistant, Project Footsteps-Twin Cities
Program Operations Assistant, Project Footsteps-Twin Cities
Loss Prevention Intern, Caribou Coffee-Brooklyn Center
IT/HR Intern, Dominium-Plymouth, MN
Fall Intern, Tetra Tech DPK-San Francisco, CA
Internship, International Fund for Agricultural Development-Washington D.C
HIV Cure Policy Priority Intern, International AIDS Society-Geneva, Switzerland
Refugee Protection Intern, UN High Commissioner for Refugees-Santo Domingo, Ecuador
          Postings 7/25        
Developmemt Intern, Minnesota Childern's Museum-Twin Cities
Corporate and Foundation Grants Intern, Minnesota Childern's Museum-Twin Cities
Human Resources Intern, Neighborhood House-Twin Cities
Executive Intern, Urban Baby Inc.-Twin Cities
Assistant Preschool Teacher-Intern, Jabbok Family Services-Twin Cities
Campaign Intern, Twin Cities Habitat for Humanity-Twin Cities
Intern-Grant Writer, Freeport West, Inc-Twin Cities
Volunteer Recruitment Intern, Big Brothers Big Sisters of the Greater Twin Cities-Twin Cities
Women Can Do It! Intern, WomenVenture-Twin Cites
Video Intern for Rural Project, Clean Water Action-Twin Cities
Development and Executive Support Intern, Minnesota International Center-Twin Cities
Campaigns Intern, Sustainable Revolution Project-Twin Cities
Business Analyst  Intern, Cargill-Minneapolis, MN
Student Program Interships-Government Contracts, Coporate Staff Groups-Maplewood, MN
Legal Internship, International Crisis Group-New York, New York
Teak Media Communications Internship, Teak Media Communications-Boston, MA
Communications Intern, International Labor Rights Forum-Washington D.C.
Communications and Fundraising Intern, Centre of  Humanitarian Dialogue-Geneva, Switzerland
NGO Management Internship, Long Way Home-San Juan Comalapa, Guatemala
          Postings 5/25        
Non-Profit Executive Internship, The Lutheran Home Association- Twin Cities
Public Policy Research Intern, America Heart Association-Twin Cities
AmeriCorps Promise Fellow, East Metro Education District 6067-Twin Cities
Program Intern, Intercultural Student Experiences-Twin Cities
Event Management Intern, Global Citizens Network & Intercultural Student Experiences-Twin Cities
Candidate Recruitment and Development Intern, womenwinning: Minnesota Women's Campaign Fund-Twin Cities
Bilingual Youth Program Intern, La Oportunidad, Inc-Twin Cities
Development & Executive Support Intern, Minnesota International Center-Twin Cities
Community Programs Intern, Minnesota International Center-Twin Cities
HR Summer Intern, Personnel Decisions International Cooperation-Minneapolis, MN
Supply Chain Intern,Goodrich Corporation-Burnesville, MN
CEE Energy Center Intern, Center for Energy & Environment-Central MN
Policy/Advocacy Intern, Common Cause-Washington D.C.
Left Forum Program Development and Outreach Coordinator, Left Forum-New York, New York
Executive Associate Internship, St. Francis Neighborhood Center-Baltimore, Maryland
Resource Development Intern, Outdoors for All Foundation-Seattle, Washington
Intern, International Advocacy Programme-Geneva, Switzerland
Personal Assistant to the Director Internship, Do Bosco Network-Italy
Practicante para Centro Comunitario, Ninos de Guatemala-Guatemala 
          Postings 4/21        
Community Giving Intern, Make-A-Wish Foundation of Minnesota-Twin Cities
Tutoring and Outreach Coordinator, AmeriCorps VISTA-Twin Cities
Economic Empowerment CTEP AmeriCorps Member, AmeriCorp VISTA-Twin Cities
Skills Trainer Internship, East Side Neighborhood Services, Inc.-Twin Cities
Special Events Intern, People Serving People-Twin Cities
Communications/ Social Media Intern, Sexual Violence Center-Twin Cities
Garden To Table Intern, Eagan & Lakeville Resources Centers-Twin Cities
Employment Services Intern, Minnesota Council of Church Refugee Services- Twin Cities
Metro North Adult Basic Education-Outreach, Metro North Adult Basic Education-Twin Cities
Intern, Freeport West, Inc.-Twin Cities
Policy Intern, Common Cause Minnesota-Twin Cities
Management Internship, Dayton Freight-Minneapolis
Student Leader Internship, Student Workforce-St. Paul
Internship, The Cooperative Network- St.Paul
Environmental Internship, Dovetail Partners-Minneapoli
International Product Marketing Intern, Imation Corp-Oakdale, MN
Sales Intern, Vital Images-Minnetonka,MN
Media Relations Intern, Cargill- Wayzata, MN
Community Relations Intern, The American Cancer Society-Mendota Heights
HR Intern, The Talent Acquisition Team Univita Health-Eden Prairie 
Public Health/ International Development Internship, Curamericas Global Inc.-Raleigh, NC
Volunteer Management Internship, International Non-Profit, Curamericas Global Inc-Raleigh, NC 
Organizing Intern for Global Justice, Massachusetts Jobs with Justice-Boston, Massachusetts
Research Fellow with Global Witness, Global Witness, Washington D.C
Project Assistant: Asia, National Democratic Institute-Washington D.C
Evaluation Intern, International AIDS Society-Geneva, Switzerland
NATO Internships
          Postings 2/25        
Various Internships; Minnesota Children's Museum-Twin Cities
Communications Intern; Nonviolent Peacforce-Twin Cities
Environmental Justice and Climate Intern; Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy-Twin Cities
Marketing and Social Media Intern; The Minnesota Project-Twin Cities
Referral Center Internship; La Conexion de las Americas-Twin Cities
Special Events and Fundraising Intern; Iraqi and American Reconciliation Project-Twin Cities
Political Intern; The Borgen Project!-Seattle,Washington 
Project Intern, The National Bureau of Asian Research-Seattle, Washington
Development Internship; Women In Islam Inc-New York, New York
Communication Intern; Phelps Strokes-Washington, District of Columbia
Congress & Exhibition Intern; International AIDS Society-Geneva, Switzerland
Assistant PanAfrican Centre for Gender, Peace and Development Internship; Femmes Africa Solidarite (FAS)-Dakar, Senegal
Internship; JEN-Tokyo, Japan
          Postings 1/27/10        
Internship, Young Atlanticist Network-DC
Intern, UPR-Geneva, Switzerland
Intern, United Nations Volunteer Development Division-Bonn, Germany
Campaign Interns, Save the Children UK-London, England 
(Note the above requests a valid UK work permit. See BUNAC.org for information on obtaining internship visa's to the UK)
Internship, JEN-Tokyo, Japan
          Comment on Los Angeles, San Francisco or Miami to Zurich, Switzerland from $384 R/T [OneWorld/SkyTeam] by Fly To Italy For Only $303 Round-TripJust Go Vacation | Just Go Vacation        
[…] you’d prefer to visit Amsterdam, Brussels or even Zurich.  Fret not, dear globetrotter.  According to Airfare Spot, you can garner tickets to countries […]
          Comment on Los Angeles, San Francisco or Miami to Zurich, Switzerland from $384 R/T [OneWorld/SkyTeam] by How to Score Cheap Round Trip Flights to Italy for $303 -        
[…] if you’re formulation a outing to anywhere else in Europe — Paris, Zurich, Brussels, Amsterdam, for instance — don’t be discouraged. As reported by a Airfare Spot, […]
          Comment on Los Angeles, San Francisco or Miami to Zurich, Switzerland from $384 R/T [OneWorld/SkyTeam] by How to Score Cheap Round Trip Flights to Italy for $303 – Dot Network        
[…] if you’re planning a trip to anywhere else in Europe — Paris, Zurich, Brussels, Amsterdam, for example — don’t be discouraged. As reported by the Airfare […]
          Chucky returns...        


Pictures I took in a slightly scary shop in Bern, Switzerland.
Leica IIIf, Delta 100 in ID11.
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          Bern Switzerland        


Photos from a trip to Bern in Switzerland where they still keep bears!
Leica IIIf, Delta 100 in ID11.
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          Back at last        





Haven't put anything on here for a while... but here are some photos from a trip to Switzerland.
This lot were taken on a trip up to Jungfrau (11,333ft).

All on Leica 111f, HP5 or 100 Delta developed in ID11.
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          Next Stop Jungfrau        
I took this photo of my fiancee, Lara at a look-out point burried deep inside Jungfrau mountain in Switzerland. We had hoped that the weather (which was clear when we set off) would remain good until we reached the summit (11,333ft.) Unfortunately however, by this point it was obvious this might not be the case!

A blizzard had set in so I started taking pictures, sure that I would have little to photograph at the top!



Leica IIIf / 50mm Elmar / FP4 / Dev.ID11 / Multigrade RC Deluxe / June '07
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          Jungfraujoch: Journey to the Top of Europe        
The incredibly beautiful Jungfraujoch, Switzerland – Photo: aranha Where are you going for your next European exploration? Jungfraujoch (located in Switzerland) has been a classic tourist destination throughout the 20th century receiving a constant stream of visitors every year. Book a guided tour of Jungfraujoch with our trusted tour partner Viator The Jungfraujoch is the saddle […]
          Tentua di Biserno @ Grill 23        
One of my favorite things about keeping up with this blog is the discovery and opportunity regarding anything new. This includes tasting elegant, luxurious, expensive Italian wines on a Tuesday evening in an opulent wine room at Boston's classy steakhouse Grill 23. No, wine tastings are nothing new around here, neither is Grill 23, but these wines and exposure to the region where they are grown in Tuscany certainly are new-to-me. A sweet Italian man named Marchese Lodovico Antinori proudly presented to us his latest wine making project; Tenuta di Biserno, a unique blend leading with Cabernet Franc.

The Biserno Estate thrives in Western Tuscany in the coastal area of Upper Maremma among the hills of Bibbona, a small wine village bordering the more famous Bolgheri. The wild, rugged terrain only more recently tamed by winemakers is now home to vineyards and olive groves that stretch down towards the Mediterranean Sea. 

Lodovico decided to plant exclusively Bordeaux with Cabernet Franc in greater percentage - followed by Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and an almost abandoned varietal - Petit Verdot. The estates soil is rich in minerals, silt, alluvial sand, and clay - terrifically distinct, complex and produces some truly remarkable wines. Here's a look at the five beauties we tasted paired with an excellent three course meal.

Caesar Salad | brown butter croutons, anchovy marmalade


Il Pino di Biserno 2012 - (SRP $75) intense nose with dark berries and plenty of sweet spicy notes. Concentrated palate with beautiful depth and length.


Il Pino di Biserno 2014  - (SRP $75) notes of red cherries with underlying oak adding spice and complexity. Elegant and harmonious palate with fine round tannins and a long polished finish.


Boneless Ribeye | roasted mushrooms with sherry, confit shallots, sauteed spinach w garlic + olive oil.


Biserno 2012 - (SRP $175) their eponymous wine, only the finest grapes are selected resulting in a thought provoking intensity and complexity with notes of plum and blackberry followed by toasty spice. Elegant palate with fine rounded tannins. 

Biserno 2010 (SRP $175) - deep ruby red, scents of blackberries, freshly ground coffee and licorice. Elegant structure to the palate with fine grained tannins, balanced acidity and a mineral-y feel with a lengthy finish.


Cheese Selection | with cranberry peacan crostini, membrillo, honey comb, black pepper apricot chutney
Chevre Berger du Haut Bearn (Goat) Pyrenees, France | Gruyere Reserve AOC (Cow) Friebourg, Switzerland  | Pecorino di Pienza, Gran Reserva (Sheep) Tuscany, Italy 


Lodovico 2011 - (SRP $419) A rare, unexpected assemblage, this wine is all about the full bodied, rich texture and complexity, balanced by a fine acidity. 

Wow, this wine is exceptional. All of them were!


Combining the unique terrior with the cooling influence of the sea, Upper Maremma plays host to some of most famous and celebrated wines of Italy, and I felt incredibly lucky to taste Lodovico's wines among a spirited group of wine lovers. 
          Nevis People Management: Internal Audit Manager        
Competitive salary for Switzerland: Nevis People Management: Our client is a global group and as a result of movement of promising talent moving into the business....we are looking for more high potential... Switzerland
          Corn on Cob Holders, Pack of 4 Sets        
Corn on Cob Holders, Pack of 4 Sets

Corn on Cob Holders, Pack of 4 Sets

Made form sturdy stainless steel, these dishwasher safe corn on the cob holders from Zyliss are supplied in a pack of 4 sets and lock together for safe and practical keeping. Focusing on functionality, durability, design, cleanliness and safety, Zyliss has relied upon a heritage of excellence that began in Switzerland over 60 years ago.


          LOWONGAN TERBARU Nestle Indonesia        

LOWONGAN TERBARU Nestle Indonesia – Nestlé Indonesia is a subsidiary of Nestlé S.A. the leading company in the field of nutrition, health and wellness, with headquarters in Vevey, Switzerland. Nestlé SA was founded over 140 years ago by Henri Nestlé; a pharmacist who first mixed baby cereal to help a mother save her baby who

The post LOWONGAN TERBARU Nestle Indonesia appeared first on Lowongan Kerja Terbaru AGUSTUS 2017.


          The Kills announce 'Echo Home: Non-Electric EP' in celebration of 15th Anniversary        

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The Kills – Alison Mosshart and Jamie Hince – will release the Echo Home – Non-Electric EP digitally on June 2nd, with a limited edition 10” vinyl release available for pre-order today.

Both the physical and digital versions of the Echo Home – Non-Electric EP will feature audio from a stripped down session the band captured recently at Electric Lady Studios in New York. Alongside “Echo Home”, the EP features Ash & Ice track “That Love”, a cover of Rihanna’s “Desperado” (which the band originally played as part of a Sirius XMU session), and the song “Wait”, off the band’s first ever release, Black Rooster EP, which celebrates it’s 15 year anniversary on May 28th.

The Black Rooster EP was originally released on Dim Mak in 2002 and was the start of what’s been an incredible career for Alison Mosshart and Jamie Hince of The Kills.

With five full-length albums (the most recent being 2016’s Ash & Ice), four EPs, a documentary, and countless live shows under their belt, the passion and fire they continue to bring to every recording and performance is extraordinary.

In their 15th year as a band, The Kills have been looking back and celebrating with a string of anniversary shows and retrospective features, and now this re-recording of “Wait”, one of the first Kills songs ever released. Steve Aoki, owner of Dim Mak and another artist who has proven a career with similar staying power, recently had some words to share on the release of Black Rooster:

"Many moons ago, back in 2002, I had to make a decision whether to pursue a Ph.D. Program or continue with my label Dim Mak & after hearing a demo from The Kills and becoming the first American label to release their EP Black Rooster, I knew what path I was going to choose. They took me under their wing and I hit the road with them as their tour manager, merch guy, driver (we all took turns) and label. I’ll never forget that and love Jamie and Alison forever. Thank you for believing in lil me when not many people gave two shits about Dim Mak and what we were doing. Ride or Die.” – STEVE AOKI

Pre-order the Echo Home 10” HERE.

The Kills 2017 Tour Dates:

05/27 Liverpool, UK - Liverpool Sound City
05/28 Margate, UK - Margate Wonderland
05/30 London, UK - Shepherds Bush Empire
06/02 Saint-Brieuc, France - Art Rock Festival
06/03 Saint-Laurent-De-Cuves, France - Papillons De Nuit Festival
06/06 Prague, Czech Republic - Roxy
06/07 Liepzig, Germany - Taubchenthal
06/09 Copenhagen, Denmark - Vega
06/10 Aarhus, Denmark - Northside Festival
06/13 Munich, Germany - Olympic Stadium *
06/16 London, UK - London Stadium *
06/17 London, UK - London Stadium *
06/24 Athens, Greece - Ejekt Festival
06/19 Helsinki, Finland - Rock The Beach #
06/21 Riga, Latvia - Lucavsala Island #
06/29 Gydnia, Poland - Open’er
07/02 Werchter, Belgium - Rock Werchter
07/07 Lisbon, Portugal - Nos Alive
07/10 Montreaux, Switzerland - Montreaux Jazz Festival
07/12 Dour, Belgium - Dour Festival
07/16 Berlin, Germany - Melt Festival
08/12 Bucharest, Romania - Summer Well Festival
08/15 Budapest, Hungary - Sziget Festival
08/17 Gampel, Switzerland - Open Air Gampel
08/19 Zagreb, Croatia - Tvornica Kulture
08/25 Charleville Mezières, France - Cabaret Vert
08/26 Paris, France - Rock En Seine
09/19 Porto Alegre, Brazil - Anfiteatro Parque (Outdoor) %
09/21 Rio, Brazil - Rock In Rio
09/23 Sao Paulo, Brazil - Allianz Parque %

* = with Guns ‘N’ Roses
# = with Foo Fighters
% = with Bon Jovi 


          Are you a client of SMH / Swiss Metal Assets?        
For those asking about a company called Swiss Metals claiming to operate in Panama, an article in PanamaGuide.com reads :
Swiss Metal Assets S.A. (SMA), the Panamanian branch of Schweizerische Metallhandels AG, with offices in Switzerland and the Republic of Panama now offers you solutions for the protection of your wealth. Protection of your wealth can be achieved through purchasing physical ownership of rare industrial metals and industrial silver granulates. SMA products allows you to convert your currency into High Demand Rare Industrial Metals, TAX FREE.
Swiss Metal Assets, S.A., (SMA), and its trading partner Schweizerische Metallhandel AG, (SMH) are operating together throughout Europe and the Americas focusing on the trade and distribution of rare industrial and precious metals. *_Our business is not Stocks, Bonds, Shares Certificates, or Futures_* Five years ago three German entrepreneurs realized that there was a need for people to exchange the paper cash into real assets such as metals. They began selling Silver and Gold only, but after speaking with the owner of Haines & Maassen, one of the top traders in the world in rare industrial metals they made an agreement to offer Rare Industrial Metals to the general public for the first time as a contingency to secure and preserve wealth. Together they set up a company where you can invest in these metals and store them in the Swiss duty free zone, Zürcher Freilager AG, a Swiss Warehouse Operator since 1923. Since then we have converted cash into real metals assets worth millions of dollars for Germans and many other Europeans. Now for the first time this is available in the Americas. (more)

The following process is supposed to be followed:

Purchase Process:
  • 1. Sign Purchase and Storage Contracts
  • 2. Receipt of Client’s funds by Swiss Metal Assets
  • 3. Transport of Metal Asset to the Entrepot Warehouse
  • 4. Assets are assigned a Charge Number and an Invoice Generated
  • 5. Client receives Invoice and Ownership Certificate
  • 6. Time line is generally three weeks from receipt of funds
Resale Process:
  • 1. Two Options Client Request for ReSale or Industry Request for Purchase
  • 2. With Client Request we will ask our Metal Trader for the daily price of each metal and advise client
  • 3. With Industry Request our Metal Trader will provide the purchase price to the seller
  • 4. Funds will be transferred to any Bank Account world wide

Floor 18, Office O of the Aseguradora Ancon tower,
presumably the office of Swissmetal, Inc. 
 More recently, the SMH website announces that:
Panama City, Panama – Strong demand and rapid growth of Schweizerische Metallhandels A.G. (SMH AG), and their partner in the Americas Schweizerische Metallhandel Panama S.A. (SMH Panama) , a Panama based supplier of rare strategic metals, has allowed them to welcome Swissmetal Inc (SMI), as their second service provider. Knut Andersen, previously the sales manager of Swiss Metal Assets (SMA), their first provider, is spear-heading the new venture. SMI has been running at full capacity from their new Panama location in Costa Del Este since October 2012.


Clients of SMH are asked to sign this waiver of rights
Several clients who hired lawyers found to their surprise that:
  • SMH SCHWEIZERISCHE METALLHANDEL PANAMA,S.A., had as first directors:
  • DIRECTOR: ULRICH SCHWARK
    PRESIDENTE: PETER BERND STEHLING
    TESORERO: CATHERINE VERBEL
    SECRETARIO: BIRGIT RUNGE
    • SMH SCHWEIZERISCHE METALLHANDEL PANAMA, S.A., never had a business license.  The company was dissolved on October 16, 2016.   This means that a period of 3 years is open for liquidation of its assets with their last directors as trustees liable for its debts.

  • No Panama company called Swiss Metal Assets S.A. exists in the Public Registry but a New York LLC was registered in New York by Juliette Passer since July 21, 2011 https://opencorporates.com/companies/us_ny/4121004
  • The Panama Ministry of Commerce lists a company called Swissmetal Inc. with offices in Costa del Este, Panama City:
Número de Aviso de Operación:2276052-1-786004-2014-407589 
Nombre Comercial:SWISSMETAL INC.

RUC:2276052-1-786004 DV 23
Fecha de Generación:10-Feb-2014
Representante Legal:KNUT EGIL ANDERSEN
Ubicación:PANAMÁ, PANAMA, JUAN DIAZ
Urbanización:COSTA DEL ESTE


Edificio:PH TORRE ASEGURADORA ANCON
Apartamento:PISO 18 LOCAL O
Actividad Comercial:SERVICIO DE PROMOVER Y MERCADEAR LAS VENTAS DE METALES Y OTROS SIMILARES

This office is now part of an unrelated French company.

Investors should ask a lawyer to review a contract or conduct due diligence of its directors before sending funds to accounts related to any investment.  Your suggesitons or corrections to this data are welcome and may be posted anonymously in the comments.

See also:
http://www.panama-guide.com/article.php/20110107163500673
http://smhpa.com/contact/
https://www.panamaemprende.gob.pa/publico.php?pag=certificAO&anio=2014&ao=11692&Suc=655436&a_buscar=__swiss_______on_on&np=1
http://www.ripoffreport.com/reports/smh-schweizerische-metallhandel-panama-s-a/panama-city-other/smh-schweizerische-metallhandel-panama-s-a-smi-swissmetal-inc-i-have-also-invested-i-1355113




          How Panama Papers' sponsor George Soros made billions offshore        
 
The Independent provided this 1994 glimpse into how George Soros made billions with an offshore Netherlands Antilles fund using tax breaks which are now villified under the Panama Papers by the International Consortium of Journalists he sponsors.  The Quantum fund was formed by Citco (Curacao Investment Trust Co) instead of a Panama law firm.


Lifting the lid of the Soros money machine: 
In an exclusive journey through the labyrinthine empire of the master speculator, Stephanie Cooke and Charles Raw find gains are 'reallocated' to a charmed circle of associates

STEPHANIE COOKE and CHARLES RAW Saturday 5 March 1994


'I STILL consider myself selfish and greedy,' says George Soros. 'I am not putting myself forward as any kind of saint. I have very healthy appetites and I put myself first.'
Mr Soros is the man who made dollars 1bn when Britain left the European exchange rate mechanism in September 1992, earning him the status of a legendary investor. But that status was tarnished last month, when he lost a similar sum on the yen.

Nevertheless, he has set the tone for a new generation of large-scale professional investors who run so-called hedge funds on behalf of wealthy private clients. Markets regularly hang on his predictions for the course of gold, currencies and shares.

The size of these hedge funds means they are regularly singled out as the cause of seismic shifts in financial markets. That is putting Mr Soros into sharper focus, simply because he is the leader of the pack. If he should falter, the knock-on effect could be widespread.

That is why central banks have started to ask questions about unregulated offshore operations such as his.

Ever the master of public relations, Mr Soros welcomed the central banks' probe. 'I feel there is an innate instability in unregulated markets,' he told the Reuters news agency.

Until now, however, remarkably little has been known about how the Soros financial empire is organised.

The first detailed analysis of the funds' published documents reveals that he has created a complex and bizarre financial creature in which the interests of Mr Soros, his family, close friends and key executives in the business are incestuously intertwined with those of his public investors.

Some of those investors may not have noticed that in the past few years Mr Soros has altered the structure of the organisation so as to reallocate some of the profits in favour of his private circle.

Mr Soros started his offshore fund operation with dollars 4m in 1969, at the age of 39, after learning the arbitrage and investment business in London and New York.

He appears from the start to have aimed at wealthy individuals and professional European investors. He told prospective clients that the purpose of his key Quantum fund was 'to enable sophisticated investors to participate in an internationally diversified investment portfolio'. The Quantum fund is active in currency, commodity and interest- rate markets as well as equities and fixed-interest securities.

Later, in the early 1980s, Soros honed to perfection the technique of charging buyers a premium based on the supply and demand of fund shares.

Normally an open-ended investment fund is sold or redeemed at net asset value, with a sales charge added or an administrative charge deducted. But the Quantum fund can issue shares at a premium to its net asset value. The premium, however, is not based on an open market value.

Instead it is set by the fund's managing director, Citco (Curacao Investment Trust Co) in Curacao in the Netherlands Antilles. This is declared to be 'by or at the direction of the fund's board of supervisory directors', which is chaired by Alberto Foglia of the Banca del Ceresio in Lugano, Switzerland. Its seven other members are mainly European bankers and brokers, including in London the renowned fund manager Nils Taube of Lord Rothschild's St James's Place Capital.

In the late 1980s the Quantum fund's documents stated that the premium would not rise above 25 per cent. As the premium for buying the fund was as low as 1 per cent during that period, it was not an unduly onerous restriction. But in the past few years, as the fund's fortunes have risen, the restriction has been quietly dropped and the premium soared at one point to nearly 40 per cent. After the Japanese loss last month, it dropped four points to 35 per cent, but is now back to 36 per cent.

Possibly to avoid problems with the US authorities, Soros states that his funds are barred to Americans - whether in the US or abroad. At least one exception to this is Soros himself, who became a US citizen in 1961.

By 1972 the fund was worth dollars 20m. For reasons not made clear in recent documents, the operation was relaunched under the Quantum name in 1973. The fund was registered in the Netherlands Antilles, but Soros ran it from New York through Soros Fund Management. No information is given about this firm's precise corporate status, other than that it has always been wholly owned by him personally.

Although Soros now leaves the running of SFM to his executives, the documents state that in his 'personal capacity, he manages a securities trading partnership formed for the benefit of members of the Soros family and several other family accounts'.

By the end of 1980 the fund was worth more than dollars 380m and the net asset value of each share had risen by almost 4,400 per cent. In 1981 Quantum shares fell by 23 per cent, their first drop in value, and the fund nearly halved to dollars 193m. The following year a new category of share was created - the B share - in which Soros placed money invested by himself and his trusts and charities. His own main investment in the fund is now via these shares. It is through them that he apparently exercises control over the fund, although the voting rights of these shares are not explained in more recent documents. He can and does convert B into A shares from time to time, but these are primarily held by outsiders. No single external investor is allowed to exercise more than 4.9 per cent of the votes.

Although the fund recovered and grew once more, it hit another rocky patch in the late 1980s when more investors were selling Quantum shares than were buying. Around this time Soros made serious efforts to expand his operation.

In 1989, in spite of the fact that very few investors came into the fund, the net asset value of Quantum increased by 31.6 per cent.

Mr Soros had demonstrated the magical effect of simple mathematics, something not immediately apparent to laymen. Because of the high number of redemptions during 1989, the benefits were divided among fewer shares, so the net asset value still rose.

By then the operation was working as follows. Under an agreement approved by shareholders in 1988, Soros Fund Management is paid a basic investment advisory fee of 1 per cent a year, payable monthly. But the real cash cow is the annual performance fee. The fee is mainly composed of a sum equal to 15 per cent of any increase in net assets resulting from the fund's operation - before the deduction of the performance fee itself, of course.

There is another element in the fee - 15 per cent 'in net assets resulting from premiums realised on fund share subscriptions and premiums or discounts realised on fund share redemptions'.

Although the fund can issue shares at a premium direct to investors and - as is normal with open-ended funds - redeem them, in practice Quantum acts differently.

It has a subsidiary called Quasco which sells Quantum shares at a premium and buys them back either at a smaller premium or, should the situation arise, a discount of up to 1 per cent. Quasco makes a profit from the margin between the premiums charged to buyers and the price offered to sellers. In recent years the margin has been around 4-5 per cent.

Quasco's accounts are not available, but it is clear it makes a substantial amount of money through these dealings. This money has historically been reinvested in the fund and SFM has taken its 15 per cent cut.

Indeed, the very fact that the money was ploughed back has been used as a strong promotional point by brokers selling the funds.

But in 1991 things started to change. In a significant restructuring of the operation that included the launch of new funds, Mr Soros began the 'reallocation' of some of the gain for 'selected persons associated with SFM'.

By then Mr Soros had apparently finally decided that Quantum's growth had to be curtailed. In February of that year he announced the biggest distribution so far: dollars 4,000 per share, a total of dollars 611m. To satisfy investors who did not want cash, he offered shares in a new fund, Quasar International.

Quasar was a different animal to Quantum. Instead of investing directly in securities, it would invest only in one entity - Quasar International Partners. That in turn would carry out investment activities under advice from SFM. But Quasar, like Quantum, had a dealing subsidiary, Quinter.

The fund was not the only investor in the partnership, however. Mr Soros, 'certain members of his family and other selected persons associated with the partnership's management' also joined the club.

The Quasar fund has had a very successful run. In only its second year of operation it showed an increase in net asset value per share of 56.2 per cent, following a 44.9 per cent rise the previous year.

The accounts for the year ending 31 January 1993 show that of the dollars 18.2m netted on premiums, dollars 5.6m was 'reallocated to other partners'. In the previous year they were allotted dollars 2.55m in premiums. These reallocations were based on their share of the partnership, which had risen from 24.6 per cent at the outset to 29 per cent by the end of the second year, partly because of the reallocations.

Thus Mr Soros, his family and key members of his management team had effectively increased the membership dues for Quantum's sophisticated investors in the fund, and helped to dilute the fund's interest in the partnership.

In the explanatory memorandum about Quasar, Mr Soros explained that 'the Fund's net profit or loss from transactions in the Fund shares (whether realized directly or through Quinter) generally is accounted for as if earned by the Partnership, and thus is shared among the Fund and the other partners.'

Close examination of the accounts also reveals that the 'selected persons' appear to have benefited in another way from the establishment of the partnership.

In April 1991 Soros told Quantum shareholders that they had subscribed for a total of dollars 541m in 'Quasar', without specifying whether he meant the fund or the partnership.

In fact the accounts reveal that while dollars 541m of Quantum's assets were indeed transferred to the Quasar partnership, the Quasar fund's initial net asset value was only dollars 493m - a difference of dollars 48m.

The Quantum investors choosing to invest in Quasar were thus effectively paying a premium of about 9.5 per cent for their new shares.

Another discrepancy appeared in the calculation of the net asset value at the end of the second year. While the fund's holding of the partnership at that time was 71 per cent, when it came to dividing up the net increase in the partnership's capital resulting from operations, the fund got only 67.1 per cent. This is possibly because the 'selected persons' do not pay advisory fees.

The pattern for spinning off new funds had been set.

When Quantum's next distribution of dollars 1.166m was made in February 1992, two further funds were launched: Quota and Quantum Emerging Growth.

Quota was different because it would be managed entirely by outside advisers (but, of course, under SFM's overall direction).

Quantum Emerging Growth remained inside the SFM stable - but its performance fee was set at 20 per cent and also spawned a partnership arrangement similar to the Quasar operation. In effect, therefore, it too raised the stakes for the growing ranks of investors in what was by this stage fast becoming the Soros phenomenon.

This time, though, there was no discrepancy between the assets of Quantum transferred to the partnership and the new fund's equity stake, according to the accounts issued for the first 15 months to 31 March 1993.

During that period the 'selected persons' put some dollars 100m into the partnership. Their share rose from less than 5 per cent at the outset to 15 per cent at the end of the period. Their allocation of the dollars 40m in profits, generated by the premiums from dealings in the fund's shares, was dollars 4.7m.

As the fund's fortunes rocketed, self-restraint among its management seemed to wane. The 25 per cent restriction on the premium had long since disappeared.

Then it spawned two property funds, each with a high- profile partner.

One, Quantum Realty Trust, was with Paul Reichmann, whose Olympia & York operation had collapsed as a result of the financial drain of the Canary Wharf development in London's Docklands.

The other, Quantum UK Realty Fund, was with John Ritblat of British Land. Again, capital was provided partly out of distributions from Quantum and Quasar as well as by Mr Soros and his family, but also this time by other participants.

Although the structure of these new funds is highly complex, they are essentially closed- end operations. What may not have been noticed was that in June 1993 the directors of the open-ended flagship - the Quantum fund - removed an important investment restriction: a prohibition on direct investment in property.

Until the audited accounts for 1993 are available (they are expected to be out in May or June), investors will not know whether advantage has been taken of this change, or what effect it may have had on the liquidity of the fund.

Last year, Quantum quietly transformed itself. On 1 August 'substantially all' of Quantum's assets and liabilities were transferred to a new Curacao partnership, Quantum Partners.

As with Quasar and Quantum Emerging Growth, the Quantum fund is not the only partner. 'Selected persons associated with SFM' - including SFM's managing directors - subscribed for 1.3 per cent of the new partnership's net equity.

In effect they were getting a share in Quantum without having to pay a premium. Already by the end of September their share of the net equity had risen to 1.9 per cent - dollars 78m - and, as with Quasar and Quantum Emerging, they would get a share of the net premiums made from dealings in the flagship fund.

Again, just how much this will be will not be known until the 1993 accounts are available. But in 1992 such dealings contributed dollars 68m towards the rise in the fund's net asset value.

Additionally, SFM's managing directors and 'trusts and charitable foundations created by them' have taken an insurance policy on the future of the fund. This comes in the form of dollars 220m of convertible debentures that pay 6 per cent a year and are convertible in 2003 into partnership shares at 120 per cent of their net asset value on the issue date. They may be worth considerably more than that by then.

In the great tidal wave of money into the Soros empire, which at the end of 1993 stood at dollars 4.9bn for Quantum alone and more than dollars 10bn for the whole group, there is another sum that may one day cause repercussions of its own: the size of the performance fee that SFM leaves in the fund. At the end of 1992, the latest reckoning available, that totalled nearly dollars 550m.

These deferred fees are so structured that they share in the appreciation of the fund, but investors are given no clear picture of when SFM can or will withdraw them.

It is curious that Mr Soros has not yet taken this money out, since it would be one way of reducing the size of the funds. But to take it out quickly now might suggest he was losing confidence in his own creation.



See full text in http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/lifting-the-lid-of-the-soros-money-machine-in-an-exclusive-journey-through-the-labyrinthine-empire-1427341.html




          May 9 is an important date if you are a Mossfon client        
The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) funded by George Soros will release on May 9 what they claim are the actual emails of the people behind offshore companies formed by Mossack Fonseca.  More than 50% are not related to Panama companies, but IBCs from BVI and Bahamas, yet they are called the Panama Papers because they were formed by a law firm in Panama founded by a lawyer born in Fürth, Germany.   None of the funds from the companies reported so far were kept in Panama banks - instead they were kept at banks in Switzerland, Channel Islands and Hong Kong who requested those companies for clients on whom presumably they conducted KYC due diligence searches.  

None of that will matter because on May 9 the data base of all correspondence will be released, after being censored by ICIJ to make sure that no friends of its sponsors are disclosed (what they call "a careful release of basic corporate information").  Since ICIJ has threatened to release correspondence dating back to the formation of the firm in 1978, current and former clients should consult with legal counsel in their country about the consequences of this release.




The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists will release on May 9 a searchable database with information on more than 200,000 offshore entities that are part of the Panama Papers investigation.
The database will likely be the largest ever release of secret offshore companies and the people behind them.
The data comes from the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, one of the top players in the offshore world, and includes information about companies, trusts, foundations and funds incorporated in 21 tax havens, from Hong Kong to Nevada in the United States. It links to people in more than 200 countries and territories.
When the data is released, users will be able to search through the data and visualize the networks around thousands of offshore entities, including, when available, Mossack Fonseca’s internal records of the company’s true owners. The interactive database will also include information about more than 100,000 additional companies that were part of the 2013 ICIJ Offshore Leaks investigation.
While the database opens up a world that has never been revealed on such a massive scale, the application will not be a “data dump” of the original documents – it will be a careful release of basic corporate information.

See full text in www.icij.org.


          The 'who's who' of European tax havens        
Will Germany, UK and Netherlands end up in the OECD "black list" of terrible "tax havens"?



Forget about the Bahamas, Panama, Cayman Islands, or Fiji. If you want to avoid paying taxes and have no problem with dicey business practices, Europe has a lot to offer.

Europe is far from innocent in the international offshore tax evasion industry, as the Tax Justice Network (TJN) recently demonstrated. Many European countries, with their stable infrastructure and professional personnel, provide fertile ground for businesses or individuals to evade taxes.

Andorra
There are more than a few gaps that need to be filled in Europe, according to Markus Meinzer of the TJN. He helped paint a picture of who's who among European tax havens.
The independent mini-state of Andorra in the Pyrenees, which is not a part of the European Union, offers a secretive place for those in neighboring countries to stash their money. Particularly attractive is the personal service offered by banking advisers there. It's also easy for Spaniards and French to simply drive there to deposit cash. Afterwards, one can always tank up and buy cigarettes there - tax-free, of course.

Austria
As a country sharing borders with Germany, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia, Italy, the Czech Republic and Switzerland, Austria draws foreign capital by promising secrecy to account holders. It caters especially to Europe's German-speaking population, Meinzer said. But he also said that he knows of Argentines who, for example, combine investing in Austrian bonds with the advantages of bank secrecy. Due precisely to the lack of financial transparency and its geographic location, Austria has also attracted wealth from Arab world dictators for decades.
Channel Islands
The British Channel Islands Jersey, Guernsey and Sark are home to hundreds of financial institutions and insurance companies drawn to their simple and low taxes. While Jersey probably "hides the most dirty business," according to Meinzer, Guernsey is the most innovative.
With its so-called self-protected companies, an apparent single company is organized into cells with protective legal walls between them. And on Sark, according to British newspaper The Guardian, there are 24 companies registered for each of the approximately 600 inhabitants.
Cyprus
Cyprus is the perfect example of what can go wrong with depending on such dubious business models. It was particularly oriented toward former Soviet countries, and acted as a hub for them. Transactions over letterbox companies brought money into Cyprus, then back to countries like Russia - thus avoiding Russian tax authorities. But since the Cyprus bailout , in part by the EU, the Mediterranean island will have to come up with a new business model.
England
England, with London, represents one of the largest hubs for tax evasion and capital flight. Meinzer described London as "the mother of all tax havens" since the zone, which does not answer to the crown, has developed a network that continues to bring money back to the capital of the former empire. Money flows from there to British Channel Islands, such as Guernsey, Jersey or to the Isle of Man, then overseas to British territories in the Caribbean, such as the Cayman or Virgin Islands - or in Europe, to Gibraltar. London, is the seat of many dubious "letterbox companies," which only exist on the Internet.
Germany
Frankfurt skyline Foto: Frank Rumpenhorst dpa/lhe
Frankfurt is a great place for foreign investors to earn tax-free interest
Germany protects the data of foreign investors, who also don't have to pay taxes on interest.
Only Germans, or foreigners resident in Germany, have to actually shell out a flat rate withholding tax on interest income, Meinzer said.
Information on such yields also rarely flows out of Germany, he added: "Foreign investors with German accounts are protected with a certain degree of anonymity."
That's why Germany ranks ninth in the world for financial secrecy, according to TJN.
Gibraltar
At the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula, Gibraltar has specialized in allowing such letterbox companies, called "trusts." The structure of such trusts means there is no real owner of the company. They are often used to add a layer of secrecy to letterbox companies, Meinzer said, which is particularly good for money laundering.
Meinzer cited insider information in calling it "the dirty end of the spectrum" for bringing money back into financial markets. The presence of many gambling casinos there also comes into play.
Ireland
It's called the "double Irish" in the financial world: A company founds two subsidiaries in Ireland with its business tax rate of 12.5 percent. Then, one claims to be based in a different tax haven. (Comparable taxes in the United States, for example, are around 35 percent.)


This is completely legal in Ireland, and therefore an optimal location for companies such as Google, Apple or Amazon.While the one company does business in Europe, it pays the other patent fees. Profits vanish, as costs and income equal out on the balance sheet.
Although other countries like the Netherlands offer similar models, Meinzer said the difference is that people do actually work in Ireland, which at least creates some jobs and a bit of growth in the country.
Isle of Man
Taxes are kind of an afterthought on this island between England, Scotland and Ireland. Inheritances and capital gains aren't taxed at all, while the highest level of taxation lies at 20 percent. Corporate tax is nonexistent. It's especially loved as a hidey-hole for British millionaires.
Luxemburg
Luxembourg is the second-largest financial hub in Europe, after London. Innumerable investors and around 150 different banks enjoy a lenient tax framework in Europe's stocks and bonds center. Luxembourg's status as an EU member makes it particularly attractive for European companies and the international market, Meinzer explained. "If I want to get around German laws, for example, I could go through Luxembourg," Meinzer said, adding that 40 German banks do business there.


With its low tax rates, Malta, like Cyprus, has long drawn foreign capital. Although corporate taxes are around 35 percent, companies can get most of that refunded.
It's a favorite among German companies, which earn a higher profit if based on Malta. Meinzer said that while it's clearly a tax paradise for companies, it's not clear if that's also the case for individuals.
Monaco
The Principality of Monaco continues to be home to the rich and famous, being surrounded by France. Millionaires happily set themselves up there due to the fact that they pay no income or inheritance taxes. The city-state also does not prosecute financial crimes committed abroad. Businesses, however, must pay taxes there - at rates of around 33 percent. France, though it doesn't play an active role, lends a protective hand, Meinzer said.
Netherlands
What Luxembourg is for private investors, the Netherlands is for large corporations. Business taxes are incredibly low, with many tax advantages for interest and licensing income.
With the "Dutch sandwich," a parent company has a subsidiary in the Netherlands, which it uses as a cheap tax base to develop its European business.
Switzerland
Although there are supposedly no more completely anonymous bank accounts in Switzerland (and neighboring Liechtenstein), it continues to draw large sums of money due to its strict banking secrecy. Considering the volume of money in Switzerland, it made first place on the TJN's Financial Secrecy Index.
Full text in http://www.dw.de/


          Handheld Slicer with Adjustable Blades and Julienne        
Handheld Slicer with Adjustable Blades and Julienne

Handheld Slicer with Adjustable Blades and Julienne

The Zyliss Hand Held Slicer will help you create perfect slices for your recipe in no time. Sharp blade creates perfect slices quickly. The thickness selector helps you tailor slicing to your recipe. It also comes with the Julienne cutter, ideal for carrots and cucumber strips. Focusing on functionality, durability, design, cleanliness and safety, Zyliss has relied upon a heritage of excellence that began in Switzerland over 60 years ago.


          GCompris goes to KDE Randa Meeting 2015        
The Randa Meeting is an annual KDE sprint that takes place in Randa, Switzerland from the 6th to the 13th of September. Participants donate their time to help improve the software you love and this is why we need money to cover hard expenses like accommodation and travel to get the volunteer contributors to Randa. […]
          In your spare time...        
Here are some great cycling videos to watch:

Paris Roubaix Classic 1980's finishes
1984:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vKhU9X2Hjbw
1985: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QvAdfqo43s0
1986: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s_onBx2ZSHA
1987: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zpwNq5TYBug
1988: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TvYcZvqPUJU
1989: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-tbJJw5W75o

Worlds Cycling Championships Finishes
1985 - Joop Zootemelk:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ewA2Ssh8jVM
1986 - Moreno Argentin: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elfDIDNaxO8
1987 - Stephen Roche: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0EsdxAAQ8C0
1989 - Greg Lemond: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJSgzHTRg38
1990 - Rudy Dhaenens: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQ3pStCrfXI
1991 - Gianni Bugno: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PWb4jS4gklg
1993 - Lance Armstrong: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jXsOR5O5hb0
1993 Amateur - Jan Ulrich: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-1C2lTh9EI0


1987 Tour of Switzerland - 1st major stage win for 7-11 Team in Europe
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JzPLdSGW-Vo

1980 's Tour de France Coverage

1985 Tour de France - Climb to Luz Ardiden:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KZY9287pYZM
1986 Tour de France Profile of 7/11 Team: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wu_N5sgl3fE
1986 Tour de France Climb to Luchon: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RrbVfsBSqdY
1986 Tour de France Climb to Alpe de Huez: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mZMkZN-PGCo
1986 Tour de France Final Time Trial: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7_YGWlex9nM
1987 Tour de France Team Time Trial: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C0uxqvKIXSs
1987 Tour de France Climb to Luz Ardiden: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Gw1Eh3BH-To
1987 Tour de France Climb up Mt. Ventoux: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z8woHATqz8E
1987 Tour de France Climb to LaPlagne: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2QO9CfgoZ5c
1987 Tour de France Final Time Trial: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BBIV2gXV2tM
1987 Tour de France Final Stage: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AFDaw6G4P34
1988 Tour de France to Alpe de Huez: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VTHhWf6BSEM
1988 Tour de France to Luz Ardiden: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6lBKT_Yedtk
1988 Tour de France Final Stage to Paris: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4XH7jQL0A_g
1989 TDF Final TT: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AyvwtOQYQ-E
1989 TDF Alpe de Huez: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cjZt3kleCb8

Enjoy!!!

          Inspired by nature        
shark
Bharat Bhushan, Ph.D., and Samuel Martin, a Ph.D. candidate and co-author on Bhushan’s recent study, have used OSC resources to research black skimmer birds and shark skin to understand drag reduction.

Bharat Bhushan, Ph.D., was on sabbatical at EPFL in Lausanne, Switzerland in 2005 when a transformation began.


           A computation in a cellular automaton collider rule 110         
Martinez, G., Adamatzky, A. and McIntosh, H. V. (2016) A computation in a cellular automaton collider rule 110. In: Adamatzky, A., ed. (2016) Advances in Unconventional Computing. (1) Theory. Switzerland: Springer, pp. 391-428. ISBN 9783319339238 Available from: http://eprints.uwe.ac.uk/29859
           Subsidiary of Global Healthcare Company Agrees to Pay $390 Million in Whistleblower's False Claims Act Suit         

By George F. Indest III, J.D., M.P.A., LL.M., Board Certified by The Florida Bar in Health Law Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp. (Novartis), a subsidiary of Novartis AG, an international pharmaceutical company headquartered in Switzerland, agreed to pay a whopping $390 million as a "settlement in principle" to resolve a False Claims Act (FCA) suit. The lawsuit, brought by whistleblower David Kester, former Novartis sales manager, alleged improper kickbacks to pharmacies to boost the sales of several prescription drugs....


          Biografy JKT48 Team J        



 

 

Fakta-fakta unik Sonia

  1. Lahir 17 Desember 1997
  2. Dipanggil Wawa setelah tampil di Bukan 4 Mata
  3. Suka doraemon
  4. Penakut tapi suka nonton (Masih) Dunia Lain
  5. Suka di troll sendiri ama cici nya sendiri (cek wae di twitt Stella ngtroll ade e mulu) -w-”
  6. Orang Semarang seperti cici nya
  7. Suka ayam goreng sepeti cicinya
  8. sonia bisa bahasa cina

Sonia JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata

Birth Name : Sonia Natalia
Nick Name : Sonda, Sonia
D.O.B. : December 17, 1997
Birth Place : Semarang
Height : 151 cm
Horoscope : Sagitarius
Blood Type : O
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “hi! though I’m whining, but I always smile ~ ~ my name is Sonia”
About Her : JKT48′s crybaby. Young lady who love sushi. Hey, it’s rhyme :D
Meet sonia, she is a girl who cries easily, but who can deny she has a strong eagerness to become a true star and JKT48 help her to pursue her biggest dream.
Religion : Christian
Favorite Color : Blue
Favorite Food : Sushi
Favorite Cartoon : Doraemon
~ Like to hear or read horror story
~ Her older sister is Stella JKT48

 

 

 

Fakta-fakta unik Stella

  1. Lahir 3 November 1994
  2. Orang Semarang
  3. Dia Milanisti dan pemain kesukaannya Zlatan Ibrahimovic
  4. Suka warna Pink dan Black
  5. Oshimennya di AKB48 Adalah Haruka Nakagawa dan Takahashi Minami
  6. Suka Fashion Clasic (Vintage)
  7. Hobinya Membaca dan Menyanyi
  8. Suka Lagu Beginner
  9. Kalau Di Set List B3 dia suka Boku No Sakura
  10. Sebelum masuk di JKT48 dulunya cici adalah Model
  11. Suka film bergenre romance, drama
  12. Paling suka makanan yang berbau Jawa
  13. Dapat masak sedikit-sedikit
  14. Makanan kesukaan ny ayam goreng homenade
  15. jago banget suffle dance
  16. Ci stella merasa aneh kenapa ia bisa di panggil cici padahal ia keturunan tionghoa
  17. Pas Ci stella final audisi dapat nomor 48
  18. Ci stella paling cerewet
  19. Suka banget film barat Stella juga pecinta pakaian jadul, gaya Ci Stella tuh simple
  20. kalo maen game, stella paling maen the sims
  21. Olahraga yg d’sukain cici itu basket,badminton,futsal.
  22. Novel kesukaan cici itu yg ceritanya romantis.

Stella JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata

Birth Name : Stella Cornelia
Nick Name : Stella
D.O.B. : November 3, 1994
Birth Place : Semarang
Height : 155 cm
Horoscope : Scorpio
Blood Type : O
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “With a smile, I will conquer the world! my name is Stella”
About Her : Classy member of JKT48. Interested in fashion design. I love story telling.
Although being a model and a singer is not a new thing for Stella, but still, she never imagined that someday she could be joined as one of the JKT48 member. She always smile, it’s actually because of her friendly character.
Religion : Christian
Favorite Color : Pink, Black
Favorite Singer : Adele, Taylor Swift
Hobby and Likes : Singing, Modelling, Watching Movie
~ Her younger sister is Sonia JKT48

 

 

Fakta-fakta unik Sonya (Panda)

  1. Lahir 18 Mei 1996
  2. Sonya pernah main di status update yg tayang di globaltv dulu
  3. Sonya juga pernah main d Sitkom Keluarga Minus d Trans TV
  4. Pernah menjadi bintang iklan pembersih muka
  5. Penyuka boneka panda
  6. Doyan makan seperti sohibnya, Jeje
  7. Pernah d tantangin lomba makan sama Dhike
  8. Sonya bisa berbahasa Mandarin

Sonya JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata

Birth Name : Sonya Pandarmawan
Nick Name : Panda
D.O.B. : May 18, 1996
Birth Place : Jakarta
Height : 152 cm
Horoscope : Taurus
Blood Type : A
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Haii!! always trying to be better ~ I am Sonya”
About Her : I called Miss hungry of JKT48 Hahaha. But I like to do sports daily. Move towards quality.
She’s lively and talk-active. This cheerful girl can easily smile in every situation. With her strong effort and positiveness trying to grasp every dream she have with JKT48
Religion : Christian
Favorite Color : Red
Favorite Food : Indonesian Dish
Favorite Doll : Panda
Favorite Sport : Volley Ball
Language : English, Chinese, Indonesia
Hobby and Likes : Eating, Sports

 

 

 

Foto-Foto Shania JKT48 (^,^)

Hai Hai Hai..!!! Konbanwa minna! lagi pada ngapain nih? kebetulan MinCent mw nge-share foto-fotonya si Shania ^^
yok yok pada melek
387008_523075277737279_89312535_n
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603890_466850140021014_1617364867_n

Yap, segitu dulu yya, lanjut besok-besok lagi… Mimin mw ngerjain PR dulu, hehe, udah pada numpuk soalnya >.<
Konbanwa minna..!!!

Fakta-fakta unik Shania

  1. Lahir 27 Juni 1998
  2. Makanan Favoritenya adalah bakso
  3. Takut sama Barongsai
  4. Lagu favorite Shania di AKB48 itu lagu “Sakura no kini narou”
  5. Shania itu asli wong Jowo, lebih tepatnya lahir di kota Solo / Surakarta
  6. Shania dari kecil sudah Syuting di FTV,Sinetron n iklan
  7. Shania Matanya punya Minus(-) 2.5
  8. Shania suka komik Haii Miiko, tokoh favoritnya di komik itu si “Eguchi Tappei”
  9. Shania katanya sering trauma klo ada orng yg ngomongin soal gempa
  10. kalo gak di JKT48, Oshinya Shania itu Ve
  11. Waktu kecil, pernah jadi Presenter di salah satu acara TV di Space Toon
  12. Dijuluki si “Pemburu Bakso”

Shania JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata

Birth Name : Shania Junianatha
Nick Name : San-ju
D.O.B. : June 27, 1998
Birth Place : Solo
Height : 163 cm
Horoscope : Cancer
Blood Type : B
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Haaii! sweet and always disciplined, my name is Shania”
About Her : Proud member of JKT48. Discipline come first, add a lot of hardwork, and you’ll get the world
Watch and listen to shania’s sincere story about her first experience as JKT48′s member.
Religion : Catholic
Favorite Color : Yellow, Blue
Favorite Cartoon : Spongebob Squarepant
Favorite Comic : Hai, Miiko!
Favorite Food : Meat Ball
Favorite Idol : Agnes Monica, Taylor Swift, AKB48
Favorite Sport : Swimming
Favorite Subject : Math
Hobby and Likes : Singing, Acting, Talking

 

 

 

Jeje JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata

Birth Name : Jessica Vania Widjaja
Nick Name : Jeje
D.O.B. : January 22, 1996
Birth Place : Jakarta
Height : 154 cm
Horoscope : Aquarius
Blood Type : O
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Haii! Always cheerful and tried to make everyone happy, called me, Jeje”
About Her : Happy JKT48 member. A true mood maker, Piano evangelist, Agent of happiness.
We call this cheerful girl Jeje, to differentiate her with the other Jessica. This spunky girl have a lot to share about her new family JKT48. And this video here is just a piece of her mind about her adventure becoming a member of JKT48.
Religion : Christian
Favorite Color : Black, White, Grey
Favorite Doll : Angry Bird, Teddy Bear, Smurfette
Favorite Food : Sushi, Noodle
Hobby and Likes : Basket Ball, Eating
~ She is really Expert with Piano. She is Piano evangelist





Akicha Complete Profile and Biodata


Birth Name : Aki Takajo
Nick Name : Akicha, Aki
D.O.B. : October 3, 1991
Birth Place : Fukuoka, Japan
Agency : Watanabe Entertainment
Height : 164 cm
Bust : 82.5 cm
Waist : 56 cm
Hips : 88 cm
Horoscope : Libra
Blood Type : B
Generation : Third Kenkyusei Audition [6th Generation]
Team and Unit : Team B [October-December 2008], Team A [December 2008-2012], French Kiss and JKT48 [2012 - Now]
Debut : October, 2009
Catchphrase, Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] :
Ryokucha, mugicha, uroncha, demo yappari? Akicha! Koukou sannensei, juuhassai no Takajo Aki desu
(Green tea, barley tea, oolong tea, but after all? Akicha! I’m Takajo Aki, high school third year, 18 years old)

~ Akicha is member who most often take trips abroad with AKB
~ She can sleep fast and not often to dream
~ Akicha is the fastest member to be promoted just 71 days as official member
~ As puppy lover, she got one chihuahua with name “Win-kun”
~ She was born in Fukuoka, but raised in Tokyo
~ She likes eating umeboshi (dried plum) every morning and evening
~ She joined with Art Club and Driving Club
~ Aki likes cooking small cakes that cooked with oven / microwave
~ She can impersonate Togepi (from Pokemon) and also the dog sniff
~ If she has a chance out of the country, she wanted to go to Switzerland
~ She’s got a speaking part in the opening of PV Oogoe Diamond.
~ She really close as friend with Kitahara Rie
~ Aki was very fond of (deceased) grandfather. When her grandfather died, her grandfather told that she had to smile in any condition
~ She’s good at Tennis, and the coach assess if she is good about the way she hits the ball
~ There is a question for her “may I change my oshi to Win-kun?”, she answered “If you feel changed, then there is nothing I can do to stop it, is not it?”
~ Aki ever feel down when she knew that she was not good in academics. But Ooya Shizuka gives a word that makes her rise again. “You have a talent in baking. This cake can make people happy as well”




Mengenai Alissa Galliamova

Mova telah lulus dari JKT48 karena dia ingin fokus terhadap pendidikan…

“Teman-teman sekalian,
Alissa Galliamova telah mengajukan permohonan pengunduran diri dari semua kegiatan JKT48 karena ingin lebih memfokuskan diri ke pendidikan.
JKT48 Operation Team menghormati keputusan tersebut dan mengumumkan bahwa Alissa Galliamova telah lulus dari JKT48.
Demikian pemberitahuan dari kami dan terima kasih atas pengertiannya.
JKT48 Operation Team”
posting’an dari JKT48.com 21 Januari 2013 lalu…
mari kita tetap dukung Mova ^^

Mova Resign??

LAGI…. salah satu member Idol kita menyusul Ochi dan Cleo,, ya, Allisa Galliamova resign dari JKT48…. “Tonight, I decided to resign from JKT48. apologize for my decision is disappointing when you all. thanks a lot once again..” kicau Mova melalui Twitter. Namun beberapa saat kemudian, tweet tersebut dihapus.


soal alasannya masih belum jelas, ini pilihannya sendiri, jadi mari kita tetap dukung Mova dimanapun, kapanpun :)

Fakta- fakta unik Mova

  1. Lahir 28 Agustus 1993
  2. Sebelum menjadi member,mova pernah menjadi model pemotretan di Bandung
  3. Penyuka Hello Kitty
  4. Suka sekali nonton DVD bahkan bisa sampai Subuh
  5. Mova punya banyak koleksi DVD mulai dari horor sampai drama romantic
  6. Mova salah 1 Fans “The Reds”, karena dia suka bgt sama warna merah~
  7. kalo gak di JKT48, Oshinya Mova itu Dhike
  8. Kalo olahraga, Mova suka bgt sama jogging dan renang. Malah bisa dilakuin barengan. Abis jogging, baru renang.
  9. Mova kuliah di jurusan Public Relation
  10. Jika Mova harus perform disaat mood nya jelek, cara ngatasinya, Mova bertindak profesional. Sampai Penonton tau kalo happy2 aja
  11. Anime kesukaannya Sailormoon dan Chibi Marukochan
  12. Lebih Suka tempat yg bernuansa alam, apalagi sejuk dan hijau, plus ada bunyi air nya
  13. Mova ga suka sama Bawang Goreng
  14. Makanan wajib Bulan puasa itu Gorengan,, Cengek=Cabe Rawit
  15. mova pernah ikut ardan school, belajar buat jadi announcer radio

Mova JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata


Birth Name : Allisa Galliomova
Nick Name : Mova
D.O.B. : August 28, 1993
Birth Place : Bandung
Height : 167 cm
Horoscope : Virgo
Blood Type : O
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Hi, I love red and teddy bear, my name is Mova!”
About Her : JKT48 member who heart red, adore mister bear. A bit geek. A bit moody. That’s me ;) A simple girl from bandung who really loves the color red and teddy bears. Starts her journey with the rest of JKT48 whom she called a new ‘family’. With sweat and tears she fights her way to make a dream as an idol come true.
Religion : Islam
Education : University in Bandung [on going]
Favorite Musician : Depapepe
Favorite Color : Red
Favorite Number : 1
Likes : Teddy Bear, Teenager Novel
Ancestry : Sumatra and Sunda



Achan JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata


Birth Name : Ayana Shahab
Nick Name : Ayana, Achan
D.O.B. : June 3, 1997
Birth Place : Osaka
Height : 154 cm
Horoscope : Gemini
Blood Type : O
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Hi!! enthusiasm for learning, I’m also enthusiasm to entertain you, my name is Ayana, called Achan”
About Her : Sleepyhead who strive for perfection, proud member of JKT48 :D
Some call her achan. Ayana is energetic and full of passion, she always try her best to fulfill her target. She maybe small, but she have a huge dream. And together with the rest of JKT48 members she fights for it.
Religion : Islam
Favorite Color : Light Blue
Likes : Sleeping
Doll : Doraemon, Stitch

Fakta- Fakya unik A-chan


  1. Lahir di Osaka, 3 Juni 1997
  2. “Menurut pengamatan” : di G+ akun achan bagaikan Kamus Bahasa Jepang yang selalu update
  3. Ayahnya keturunan Timur Tengah dan Ibunya Keturunan Jepang
  4. Bisa Bahasa Jepang dan Indonesia tapi tidak bisa bahasa Arab
  5. Memiliki hewan peliharaan kucing yang bernama Camuju
  6. Suka boneka Stich dan My Melody
  7. Seorang Interisti
  8. Si mata sayu
  9. Dapat tidur dimana saja
  10. Jika update di twtter maupun G+ sering Typo
  11. Anak ke-3 dari 3 bersaudara
  12. Kakak pertama laki-laki dan yang kedua perempuan
  13. Kakaknya yang laki-laki tinggal di Jepang dan namanya Zaki
  14. Ketika audisi memakai nomor 005
  15. kalo gak di JKT48, oshi achan itu rena




Achan JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata


Birth Name : Ayana Shahab
Nick Name : Ayana, Achan
D.O.B. : June 3, 1997
Birth Place : Osaka
Height : 154 cm
Horoscope : Gemini
Blood Type : O
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Hi!! enthusiasm for learning, I’m also enthusiasm to entertain you, my name is Ayana, called Achan”
About Her : Sleepyhead who strive for perfection, proud member of JKT48 :D
Some call her achan. Ayana is energetic and full of passion, she always try her best to fulfill her target. She maybe small, but she have a huge dream. And together with the rest of JKT48 members she fights for it.
Religion : Islam
Favorite Color : Light Blue
Likes : Sleeping
Doll : Doraemon, Stitch

Fakta- Fakya unik A-chan


  1. Lahir di Osaka, 3 Juni 1997
  2. “Menurut pengamatan” : di G+ akun achan bagaikan Kamus Bahasa Jepang yang selalu update
  3. Ayahnya keturunan Timur Tengah dan Ibunya Keturunan Jepang
  4. Bisa Bahasa Jepang dan Indonesia tapi tidak bisa bahasa Arab
  5. Memiliki hewan peliharaan kucing yang bernama Camuju
  6. Suka boneka Stich dan My Melody
  7. Seorang Interisti
  8. Si mata sayu
  9. Dapat tidur dimana saja
  10. Jika update di twtter maupun G+ sering Typo
  11. Anak ke-3 dari 3 bersaudara
  12. Kakak pertama laki-laki dan yang kedua perempuan
  13. Kakaknya yang laki-laki tinggal di Jepang dan namanya Zaki
  14. Ketika audisi memakai nomor 005
  15. kalo gak di JKT48, oshi achan itu rena



 

Fakta-fakta unik Cindy

  1. Lahir 29 Mei 1997
  2. Member paling “loli” :-D
  3. Suka Angry Birds dan SpongeBob
  4. Suka Barcelona dan Real Madrid
  5. Suka Coklat & Udang
  6. Cindy suka dipanggil cindy teguh karena ngefans mario teguh.
  7. Cindy ternyata seorang gamers, dia suka bermain Counter Strike : Condition Zero   o_O”
  8. Cindy bercita-cita ingin menjadi seorang Dokter

Cindy JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata

Birth Name : Cindy Gulla
Nick Name : Candy
D.O.B. : May 29, 1997
Birth Place : Jakarta
Height : 149 cm
Horoscope : Gemini
Blood Type : O
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Hi my name is Cindy ~ such as sugar, brighten your day ~ my name CindyGulla!”
About Her : I’m one of JKT48 members, I pack up trouble, throw it in a bag, and SMILE!!
This baby faced sweet girl is really lovable and talk-active. Making new friends, experience and knowledge, she fights her way to become an idol asJKT48 member
Religion : Christian
Favorite Color : Red
Favorite Food : Shrimp
Favorite Sport : Running, Swimming
Favorite Subject : Math, English Language
Hobby and Likes : Dancing, Smile, Hang out, Swimming, Singing
Instrument : Guitar, Piano
Doll : Angry Birds, Mickey and Minnie Mouse
Cartoon : Spongebob Squarepants
~ Her ambition is to become doctor
~ She is fluent in mandarin
~ She had attended extracurricular Drum Band as cabaret
~ She was the first child of 2 kids
~ Cindy did not like it at Petai and Tomatoes
~ If fruit, Cindy did not like it at Soursop fruit and Avocados





Foto-Foto Cleo Ex-JKT48 part 2

Konbanwa..!! belum pada ngantuk kan? MinCent mau nge-share foto-foto-nya si Cleo. tiba-tiba keinget dia pas dulu di JKT48_-”. yuk, kita “Nostalgia” bersama
557807_156688927809371_973639688_n
Ini nih, Foto pertama yang bikin MinCent nge-Oshi’in Cleo
Cleo''
Ini foto yang dulu jadi wallpaper HP-nya MinCent selama 1 Bulan XD
cleopatra
Inget kan? JKT48 School?
Cleopatra Djapri
>.< Kawaii Cleo!! :3
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Ini dulu saat acara BukBer Trans7
66 - cleo close-up solo
Saat pembuatan iklan Pocari Sweat :D
1797 - cleo
JKT48 School lagi :)
American Pop
Dulu Cleo pake Seifuku American Pop >.< rambutnya itu lho, :D Kawaii
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Ponyshu :D
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Sekarang foto ini udah enggak dipasang lagi di jkt48.com
(T.T)

Nah! ini nih yang bikin MinCent kaget. pagi itu tiba-tiba MinCent di-SMS sama temen. katanya “Cleo udah keluar dari JKT48!”  awalnya gak percaya, tapi, habis liat Tweet ini…. MinCent sempet nangis (T.T)
536348_303166499790102_529433289_n
Tuh, dikasih “Love” dari Cleo, diterima yaa XD
Cleo'
Nah lho, Cleo udah tidur, kalian juga pada tidur sana, besok masih sekolah lho :D

Sekian dulu ya, foto-foto kenagannya, Konbanwa!




Foto Cleo Exs.JKT48 member :(

Hallo, selamat malam, hehehe minAndre begadang nih, sempet sempetin aja buat ngeshare ke kalian semua, ngeshare fotonya Cleo nih, masih ingat gak? Siapa yang dulu oahinya cleo? Ini, aku punya fotonya cleo, silahkan disedot ..
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Hehehe, cuma sedikit yakk.. udah malem nih ayo pada bobok, oyasumi all … keep calm and support JKT48




Pesan Cleo untuk para Cleovers :)

Cleo kedaannya sekarang baik , dan udah sehat
Cleo Sekarang g gunain jejaring sosial dulu karena udh diambil alih JOT tapi dia msh memantau mention ke @cleoJKT48 menggunakan twitter temannya
Cleo sekarang Fokus Untuk kuliahnya , dan mengambil beberapa Less utk mengisi kesibukannya
Ibunya cleo ingin Membuka Cafe utk tempat berkumpulnya cleovers (belum Fix )
Dan Motto cleo : Dimanapun Berlian Diletakkan , Sinar berlian itu tak akn hilang dan terus bersinar…

Alasan mengapa Cleo Grad

Cleo itu adalah bintang JKT48 , saat audisi dia mendapat 2 bintang SEDANGKAN melody dan shania mendapat satu bintang,, Selain mereka bertiga tidak ada yg mendapat bintang ! Sudah jelas kan yg sebenarnya bintang di JKT48 itu siapa ?! CleoJKT48:’)….Cleo mau grade ? Sebenarnya darijkt48 sebesar ini pun dia mau grade karena kelakuan JOT ! Tapi:( dia lakukan semuanya untuk siapa ? FANS ! Cleo itu sudah menjalani aktifitas di depan kamera sejak dia masih kecil :) diamenghasilkan uang yg cukup sehngga mmbantu kehidupan nya :) Ortu cleo tau kalo dia itu punya bakat untuk entertain sehingga sejak kecil sudah di salurkan bakat nya :) Bahkan selalu di tawarin aktif di iklan” produk yg punya nama besar :) tapi kenapa JOT menghalangi nya ? Hah ? Suatu waktu cleo mendapatkan tawaran iklan produk ternama loh buat iklan di dalam negri Iklanmerk barang elektronik SHARP ! Tau kan ? Jadi tuh gini ..Ketika SHARP menyuruh kak cleo hunting baju untuk iklan barang elektronik nya mereka suruh kak cleo hunting hari rabu, karena saat itu cleo sudah di bawah manajemen jkt48 jadi apa yg dia lakukan akan selalu sama apa yg disuruh manajemen….Tapi kok aneh nya manajemen menyuruh kak cleo untuk hunting baju di hari sabtu yaa ? 4hari sebelum yg disuruh oleh SHARP .Dan pada akhir nya hari rabu pun datang , SHARP pun telfon kek cleo langsung , “cleo hari ini kamu hunting baju untuk iklan ya” …… Cleo pun kaget “loh tapi kok aku di suruh manajemen jkt48 hari sabtu dan itu sudah di lakukan pemotretan”SHARP : “loh kok bisa begitu kan yg kami ingin kan kamu hunting di hari rabu dan di lakukan pemotretan di perusahaan kami”SHARP “ada apa ini ? Kenapa bisa begini? Dimana manajemen jkt48 itu ? Kamu itu artis kami jadi apa yg kami lakukan tanpa campur tangan mereka…Pada akhir nya pun SHARP tidak mempersalahkan apa yg di lakukan JOT karena JOT merayu dengan memasukan nama melody untuk iklan mereka ! Suatu malam cleo mandapatkan telfon dari salah satu official jkt48 apasih yg dia bicarakan… ?Ofc “malam cleo :) , cleo bisa di foto gak kaki kamu dari lutut hingga ujung jari kaki kamu ?”Cleo “loh ? Untuk apa ?” Ofc “iyaa jadi kaki kamu mau di ambil gambarnya dan di edit” Cleo “edit? Maksud nya gimana ?”Ofc “jadi nanti pada saat pengambilan gambar dari jari kaki sampai lutut kaki kamu dan dari lutut sampai ujung rambut itu melody” ! *inget*cleo pun langsung menangis danmerasa tersayat hati nya dan memeluk mamah nya :’( pada akhir nya mama cleo said “Kami tidak akan datang saat iklan itu !Hari dimana pengambilan gambardan streaming nya pun telah tiba dan cleo harus sudah tiba di manajemen jkt48 jam 4 pagi ! Otomatis manajemen jkt48 jam 3 pagi telfon kembali cleo agar tepat waktu tetapi cleo berada diposisi tertekan dan tersakiti oleh sikap JOT,,Ortu cleo tidak mau memenuhi permintaan JOT karena kondisi cleo yg sangat down seperti itu tetapi masih saja terus di paksa untuk datangSampai jam 6 pagi pun cleo belumberangkat ke JOT padahal jam 4 subuh harus sudah ada di JOT ! Pada akhir nya cleo said “yaudah mah kita berangkat gapapa aku di foto kaki nya saja :’(” ya اَللّهُ mulia banget hatinya:’( ….Ketika sudah sampai SHARP pun membatalkan iklan nya , karena ketidap profesionalan JOT karena sharp meminta cleo bukan melody !Kalian tau kan iklan mesin cuci yggoyang itik sama inul itu ? Nah itulah pengganti nya
Ada apa ini,mana kata2 om Yashushi Akimoto,yang kata nya IdolGrup d bangun untuk mengembangkan talent para member,kenapa (OFC/JOT) ini malah menghalangi perkembangan talent member nya,seakan akan pilihkasih,.

sumber: http://tiktiktuktuktaktak.blogspot.com/
hari Jumat malam, Cleo  mengatakan bukan lagi member JKT48 di Twitternya @cleoJKT48. “Mohon maaf para fans JKT48 dan terutama Cleovers. mulai malam ini. Cleo bukan lagi member JKT48″, selang beberapa menit, semua twitt tadi langsung dihapus. dan… langsung saja, kabar itu menjadi topik pembicaraan dan membuat “Galau” para fans JKT48 terutama para Cleovers (Termasuk Admin T.T). sebenarnya, apa sih alasan Si “garing” keluar dari JKT48,, belum lama setelah Twitt tadi dikirim, dia mengirim tulisan lagi. “Karna Cleo sudah sangat tertekan dengan perlakuan beberapa staff official JKT48″. dan juga dia mengirim seperti ini “Aku menyerah bukan
karna dunia peridolan.Tapi aku lelah dengan semua penekanan.”, berarti dapat disimpulkan, Cleo Out karena dia mendapat tekanan dari staff JOT..  â€œDetailnya tanya manajemen aja. Kami nggak tahu, kalau yang resmi diumumin sih masih si Ochi.” kata Sonya.“Ini rahasia cewek, jadi nggak mungkin kami umbar,” sambung Sonya. “Soal hengkang biar nanti dari official aja yang kabarin. Mereka pasti punya alasan sendiri untuk keluar dari JKT48.” JKT48 Operation Team memang belum membocorkan alasan keluarnya Cleo secara resmi.
Penulis: Vincent Cahya B (Admin)

Fakta-Fakta unik Cleo

  1. Lahir 20 Desember 1993
  2. “Menurut pengamatan” Cleo adalah member yang paling sering hunting foto. dan tentunya di share
  3. Di sela-sela penampilannya ternyata cleo pernah memakai Koyo Cabe di kakinya (wow…)
  4. Cleo suka kucing tapi gak berani megang kucing , tapi berani megang ular (“-__-)a
  5. Sekarang Cleo sudah berani megang kucing, bahkan sudah punya kucing yang diberi nama Celo
  6. Cleo sempat main disejumlah film layar lebar dan FTV
  7. Memiliki banyak julukan, salah satunya “Jenong”
  8. Pernah ikut jadi peserta “Abang-None” Jakarta
  9. Cleo sekarang punya kucing yang diberi nama celo
  10. Cleo ternyata juga seorang gamers yang cukup update, terutama game petualangan. http://www.hai-online.com/Hai2/Music/News/CleoJKT48-Cewek-Gamers-Yang-Dijuluki-Si-Garing
  11. Cleo diberikan julukan “Si Garing” karena setiap kali Cleo mencoba
    untuk melucu, lawakannya garing, dan kadang klo ngomong suka ga nyambung

Cleo JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata


Birth Name : Cleopatra Djapri
Nick Name : Cleo, Tata
D.O.B. : December 20, 1993
Birth Place : Jakarta
Height : 170 cm
Horoscope : Sagitarius
Blood Type : O
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Haaiii! beautiful like my name, I, Cleopatra!”
About Her : As a member of JKT48, Failure is not an option. I learn, therefore I succeeded.
Cleopatra’s proud and thankful story on her journey becoming a member of JKT48, share her happiness as her story goes.
Religion : Islam
Favorite Color : Red Rose
Favorite Sport : Swimming
Favorite Animal : Cat, Snake
Favorite Food : Choco Chips
Hobby and Likes : Swimming
Doll : Teddy Bear, Chibi Maruko Chan, Hello Kitty
~ Tata is the nickname of affection from her mommy and daddy





Fakta- fakta unik Delima

  1. Nama panggilannya Pilong
  2. Pernah main sinetron “Senyuman Ananda” di Indosiar tahun 2008
  3. Suka sekali ayam kate
  4. Pernah tenggelam di kolam berenang
This entry was posted on Agustus 22, 2012, in Delima Rizky

Delima JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata

Birth Name : Delima Rizky
Nick Name : Delima, Pilong
D.O.B. : October 25, 1997
Birth Place : Bogor
Height : 158 cm
Horoscope : Scorpio
Blood Type : B
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “Haaaii ~ cheer you with a smile as sweet as honey. My name is Delima”
About Her : As a curious JKT48 member for me curiosity above all!! I love to hear, see, and feel new :)
This always smiling cute girl have a very strong will. Alongside with her friends at JKT48 patiently learning to be an idol. Always spreading her sweet smiles and never whines she go through the training and practices.
Religion : Islam
Favorite Color : Purple
Likes : Hello Kitty
~ Good at imitating accents madura




Fakta-Fakta Unik Kinal

  1. Lahir 2 Januari 1996
  2. Melody dan Kinal adalah pendukung Manchester United alias Manchunian Angel
  3. Kinal pernah bilang dia hampir terpeleset waktu perform di 100% Ampuh
  4. Kinal jarang telat sekolah, paling cuma 1 kali, soalnya jam dirumah nya dipercepat 40 menit jadi jarang telat
  5. Salah satu finalis Gadis Sampul 2011 di majalah Gadis, sama seperti Beby
  6. Saudara kandung nya memiliki ‘Kinal’ di nama mereka juga, tapi dia satu-satunya yang disebut Kinal
  7. Seringkali tidak menyadari bahwa mengetik sering salah ketik
  8. Dia mendaftar sekolah dasar ketika ia berumur lima tahun
  9. Setiap hidup atau konser, matanya seperti itu membesar-besarkan dan yang membuat kawaii
  10. Salah satu anggota tomboi dengan Ghaida
  11. Kiyeon adalah salah satu nama panggilan nya
  12. Dia lebih suka dipanggil Kinal ke Devi karena dia dibesarkan di
    Bandung, yang sebagian besar orang Sunda dan cenderung mengucapkan V / F
    sebagai P, sehingga akan menjadi Depi bukan Devi.
  13. Teman pertama Kinal waktu audisi yaitu Beby, soalnya sama-sama berasal dari Bandung, pas final audisi baru ngobrol sama Ve
  14. Rambut Kinal gak pernah panjang, jadi gak punya foto edisi panjang
  15. Gak suka sama buah jeruk
  16. Pernah nyasar di Gelora Bung Karno ketika pertama kali ikut audisi di Jakarta
  17. Hobinya nonton dorama,dan biasanya dia download *ups* aktor Jepang
    favorite nya Kamenashi Kazuya dan dorama favorite nya (kalo ga salah)
    Hotaru no Hikari…
  18. Teman se SD Ilham SM*SH
  19. Kalo bisa main dorama di Jepang,Kinal pengennya main dorama sama Yamapi (Yamashita Tomohisa) ato kalo ga Sho (Sakurai Sho)
  20. Sebelum Masuk JKT48, Kinal adalah Seorang Cover Dancer di Grupnya “Queen A (Miss A Cover Dance)” Sebagai Wang Fei Fei
  21. Dijuluki “Bu Jenderal”
  22. Suka Makanan yang Pedas-pedas

Kinal JKT48 Complete Profile and Biodata

Birth Name : Devi Kinal Putri
Nick Name : Kinal
D.O.B. : January 2, 1996
Birth Place : Bandung
Height : 162 cm
Horoscope : Capricorn
Blood Type : A
Jikoushokai [Introductory Greetings] : “My name is Kinal, I love to dance ~ Let’s dance, dance, dance!”
About Her : C’mon all JKT48…Step on 1.. 2.. 3.. Play the groove!! Dance Dance Dance!! Kinal was ignorant pe
          Hee-Haw! It's All Serious Business At The 2015 FATCA Roundup!!        


A lot has been written about the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act {FATCA} in the past year. As this year comes to a close and I write up my 89th post, I wanted to give you all, my dear readers a synopsis at your finger-tips, a round-up, if you will of some major FATCA events for 2015: 


1. FBAR Deadlines Changed:

On July 31, 2015 President Obama signed the Surface Transportation and Veterans Health Care Choice Improvement Act of 2015 into law, which modified the due date of several key forms for Americans with foreign income and Americans living abroad. That includes the Report of Foreign Bank and Financial Accounts, or Form 114, colloquially known as the FBAR

Any U.S. person with a financial interest in, or signatory authority over, foreign financial accounts must file the FBAR, if at any time, the aggregate value of their relevant foreign account or accounts exceeds $10,000. An account over which a person has signature authority but no ownership interest is included in this computation.



The new due date for the FBAR will be April 15th with a maximum 6-month extension till October 15th. For US citizens living abroad the deadline will be June 15th. The new deadlines are effective starting for the 2016 tax returns due in 2017. 

More details on the new FBAR deadline in my blog post here.

2. More countries entered into IGAs with the USA:


More than 50 countries have entered into Inter-Government Agreements (IGAs) with the US since FATCA came into existence. 

Countries that sign the FATCA Agreement or Inter Governmental Agreement (IGA) are considered tax compliant. This means the banks/ foreign financial institutions (FFI) in these countries send information as demanded by the IRS to their own tax authorities which is then shared with the IRS. This is "Model 1". 


Other countries, like Switzerland, for example, leave it up to the banks/ financial institutions to come to an agreement with the IRS, this is a "Model 2" agreement. 

The consequence of these IGAs have been varied and wide-spread, the harshest being many banks in these countries do not want to do business with US citizens any more. 



More on this in my blog post here.

3. New Rules on Gifts & Inheritances from Expats to any US person Proposed by the IRS:

Under the proposed regulations, if an expatriate meets the covered expatriate definition in Sec. 877A, he or she is considered a covered expatriate for Sec. 2801 purposes at all times after the expatriation date, except during any period beginning after that date during which he or she is subject to U.S. estate or gift tax as a U.S. citizen or resident. 

This new component { Prop. Reg. 28.2801-1} says that US taxpayers who receive gifts & inheritances from people who had previously expatriated are subject to  gift and/or estate taxes on the receipt of such gift or bequest. This tax is imposed on US Citizens who receive, directly or indirectly, "covered" gifts or "covered" bequests from a "covered" expatriate. 

More on this on my blog post here.

4. Offshore Compliance Programs-OVDP/ Streamlined Procedures/Swiss Bank Programs:

These disclosure programs are not new to 2015 but the Internal Revenue Service has been increasingly coming up with new rules and penalties through these programs. More banks signing agreements with the USA have resulted in increased penalties for those with accounts in such banks going into the OVDP. 

I wrote in detail about these programs earlier this year in this post here.


5. Final Regulations on Form 8938:

A release from the Internal Revenue Service on the 10th of March, 2015 incorporated into the Form 8938 instructions for reporting requirements made under the Final Regulations for § 6038D of the Internal Revenue Code. It also contains additional information not included in the published 2014 Instructions for Form 8938.

More about the final regulations in my blog post here



6. You Owe Taxes? Your Passport Could Be Confiscated!:


December 4th, 2015, President Obama signed into law the "FAST Act". FAST stands for Fixing America's Surface Transport, tucked away in this Act, is a provision that the Dept. of State  can deny a passport/ deny renewal/ revoke passport previously issued ti a seriously delinquent tax payer. 

The "seriously delinquent taxpayer" is defined as one who has a tax debt greater than $50,000, including interest and penalties, this debt should have been assessed and a notice of lien or notice of levy should have been filed. 

Although this does not strictly fall under the FATCA rules, a large number of US citizens who live abroad are concerned about this. One of the primary reasons being that the IRS still does not have the means to process foreign addresses which are in a different format than US addresses and due to this many times IRS notices/ letters to such citizens living abroad are returned undelivered. 

7. Case Filed Against Imposition of FATCA by Rand Paul Et Al:


A case was filed against the enforcement of FATCA by Senator Rand Paul and other opponents of this Act. It suffered an initial set-back when Judge Thomas Rose of the United States District Court refused to grant preliminary injunctive relief in October 2015. 

The latest news on this case is that a plaintiff's memorandum was filed by James Bopp, Jr from The Bopp Law Firm of Indiana. Mr. Bopp has argued that the plaintiffs should be granted relief requested based on their claims for four reasons: the IGAs are unconstitutional sole executive agreements, reporting requirements violate equal protection for Americans living abroad, the challenged penalties violate the Excessive Fines Clause, and reporting requirements violate the Fourth Amendment.

We will have to wait and watch what Judge Rose's ruling will be on this matter. 

Entire document here. 

Dear Readers: Thank you all so much for your following on Google Plus, Tax connections and LinkedIn. Wish you all a fantastic and "compliant" 2016! 

---
As always, read my disclaimer here. Please consult a qualified tax professional for your unique tax needs. More of my contact information is on my website, www.mntaxbiz.com.  

          Absinthes        
May 13, 2009
SPIRITS OF THE TIMES
Absinthes to Go Mad Over
By ERIC ASIMOV

ABSINTHE? So devil may care, so deliciously disreputable, so ... louche. But it’s poisonous, no? It eats your brain and drives you crazy!

If nothing else, a century of prohibition on absinthe gave it the sort of aura of dissolute glamour that would-be brooding artists would drown their agents for. The two faces of absinthe offered possibilities to idealists the world over, searching for a muse or testing the limits of their risk-taking.

Consider the cast of mythological absinthe drinkers: the vulnerable painter and poet, too sensitive for this mean old world; the tormented soul, unable to snap out of his self-loathing; the rakish hedonist, seeking one big, lurid rush; the wealthy dilettante, dipping a toe in bohemia; and of course, all manner of willing women.

But now absinthe is legal again, and the romance of belle époque naughtiness must give way to what’s in the glass. Pull over, you disillusioned dreamers: with no laws to break, no frissons of danger, let the mystification stop right now.

Since absinthe was legalized in the United States in 2007, it has gone from forbidden fruit to virulent weed. Once smuggled from Eastern Europe or procured from back-alley producers, absinthe is now just another bottle on the bar. Yet mystique continues as marketing.

To give absinthe its moment in the harsh light of day, the tasting panel sampled 20 bottles. Florence Fabricant and I were joined by Audrey Saunders, an owner of the Pegu Club on West Houston Street, and Pete Wells, editor of the Dining section, who writes about drinks.

So what makes absinthe absinthe? Essentially it is a neutral spirit infused with myriad herbs and botanicals, centering around anise, fennel and a specific type of wormwood, Artemisia absinthium, from which absinthe takes its name. This wormwood contains small amounts of thujone, a compound once thought to affect the mind. It’s understood now that hallucinations and other health issues attributed to overindulging in absinthe were more a result of alcohol poisoning due to the high alcohol content, typically 50 to 70 percent.

Few things demystify absinthe more than the daunting prospect of 20 glasses in front of you. For instance, all those nicknames — the green fairy, the green muse, the green torment, the green oblivion — might lead one to believe that absinthe is green, right? Often, but not always.

The absinthes offered numerous variations on green, from pale celadon and shimmering aquamarine to extra virgin olive oil to dizzyingly garish shades that don’t exist in nature outside of South Beach nightclubs. But one absinthe was turquoise, which is near enough to green, I suppose. Another was mouthwash blue. A few were completely clear. Those were from Switzerland and included our favorite in the tasting, Kübler. More on that soon enough.

What was plain to all of us was that absinthe, stripped of its mystique, can be wonderfully enjoyable but also confusing.

For example, the ritual of service: the slow drip of water, from an Art Nouveau fountain through a sugar cube held in a slotted spoon over the glass, seeping down into a pool of green like sweetened tears. Oops, again with the mystique.

Here’s what’s important to know: forget the sugar, remember the water. Despite the reverence today for vintage bottles of pre-prohibition absinthe, much of what was produced back in the old days was harsh and industrial. Sugar might have been a necessary addition to make it palatable. The absinthes in our tasting had enough natural (and possibly unnatural) sweetness that adding sugar was unnecessary. The quality of most of them was unexpectedly good.

“I was surprised by how few lousy ones there were,” said Pete, whose experiences with contraband absinthes had not always been pleasant.

Without water, though, almost any absinthe would be difficult to endure. Absinthe in general is simply too strong to drink undiluted. Of our 20 bottles, 13 were 60 percent alcohol or more. Not only do they require water, they require just the right amount, anywhere from three to five parts water to one part absinthe, the amount rising — usually but not always — in tandem with the original strength of each bottle.

The best method, we found, was to begin with a three-to-one ratio, and then, if the absinthe still tastes harsh, continue adding until a seductive balance is achieved. With too little water, for example, Lucid, No. 9 on our list, was hot and harsh at 62 percent alcohol. By slowly adding more to achieve the right balance, the Lucid became mellow and inviting.

Water not only changes the flavors, it almost magically alters the appearance of the absinthe. As you slowly add water, the liquid in the glass seems to thicken, and transforms into an opalescent pastel cloud. The French call this effect the louche (which has the wonderful double meaning of turbulent in French and disreputable in English). Technically, when absinthe is distilled, the anise and fennel oils dissolve into the alcohol. As the water dilutes the alcohol, it frees the oils from their molecular prison, and they form a cloudy suspension.

The louche effect occurs even with clear Swiss absinthes, like our No. 1, Kübler, which turned a brilliant white in the glass. It offered rich, warm anise and herbal flavors that were deliciously subtle rather than greatly complex.

Among our top absinthes, the Grande Absente, the Pernod and the Émile Pernot Vieux Pontarlier all were beautifully integrated, with balanced flavors centering on anise, licorice and fennel, augmented by herbs and citrus. The next rank, particularly the St. George — with a spider monkey on its label beating on a skull — and the Jade Nouvelle-Orléans, offered greater complexity, with more pronounced floral and herbal flavors, and less focus on anise. Absinthe connoisseurs often seem to prefer these to the bottles that we favored.

One Swiss absinthe, Mansinthe, distilled to the specifications of Marilyn Manson, was not clear but a more common shade of green. Its brininess divided the panel. It was our No. 10.

I mentioned that we had 20 absinthes in our tasting. Actually, we had 19, with one absinthe substitute, Absente, which was distilled in France using a different species of wormwood and marketed in the United States during the ban. It’s not absinthe, but we liked it very much, particularly its iridescent louche and straightforward but rich anise flavor. The same distiller now makes Grande Absente, an authentic absinthe, which was our No. 2 bottle.

As appealing as we found absinthe, we did not agree on its best role. Florence thought it would be a good aperitif, like a pastis, which is made with anise substitutes like Pernod or Ricard and blended with water to the same pearly result. I disagreed, thinking that absinthe’s herbal flavors made it a better digestif, settling the stomach after a meal, like Chartreuse or amaro. We all agreed that flaming absinthe cocktails are silly affectations.

While a little absinthe can be quite pleasant, a lot, as with any other strong spirit, will make you drunk. Perhaps, if you are of an Oscar Wilde bent, too much absinthe will do to you what it did to him: “After the first glass, you see things as you wish they were,” he said in one of his many disquisitions on absinthe. “After the second you see things as they are not. Finally you see things as they really are, and that is the most horrible thing in the world.”

Personally, I prefer how martinis affected Dorothy Parker:

I like to have a martini,
Two at the very most.
After three I’m under the table,
after four I’m under my host.

Tasting Report: A Worldly Spirit Revisits From Here and There

BEST VALUE

Kübler, Switzerland
$54
★★★ ½
53 percent alcohol
Clear, turns brilliant white; mellow, lingering and deliciously subtle with a chorus of variations on anise and herbal flavors. (Importer: Altamar Brands, Corona del Mar, Calif.)

Grande Absente, France
$64
★★★
69 percent alcohol
Rich, lively and seductive with complex, spicy flavors of licorice,
spices and fresh mint. (Crillon Importers, Paramus, N.J.)

Pernod Absinthe, France
$64
★★★
68 percent alcohol
Shimmering, with complex, lingering flavors of anise, lemon balm
and citrus. (Pernod Ricard, Purchase, N.Y.)

Émile Pernot Vieux Pontarlier, France
$54
★★★
65 percent alcohol
Iridescent, with well-integrated flavors of anise, mint and lemon.
(Tempus Fugit Spirits, San Francisco)

St. George Absinthe Verte, United States
$80
★★ ½
60 percent alcohol
Highly perfumed, with aromas of flowers, chamomile and licorice.

Jade Nouvelle-Orléans, France
$111
★★ ½
68 percent alcohol
Savory and almost saline, with lingering, toasty flavors of citrus,
mint, pine and fennel. (Viridian Spirits, Manhasset, N.Y.)

Obsello, Spain
$50
★★ ½
50 percent alcohol
Lively, appealing aromas and flavors of licorice and fennel.
(Esmeralda Liquors, Manhasset, N.Y.)

La Clandestine, Switzerland
$74
★★
53 percent alcohol
Straightforward, with flavors of anise and lavender. (Viridian Spirits)

Lucid, France
$60
★★
62 percent alcohol
Gentle and well balanced with smoky anise and spice flavors.
(Viridian Spirits)

Mansinthe by Marilyn Manson, Switzerland
$62
★★
66.6 percent alcohol
Grassy and briny, with aromas of lemon, balsam and sweet anise. (Tempus Fugit Spirits)
          Swiss school typologies from a daylighting perspective between 1945 and 2015        
The research consists of three successive and interdependent parts. The 1st part seeks to reconstruct the typological evolution of primary schools and their associated daylighting strategies between 1945 and 2015 in Switzerland – a country widely recognized for its constructive quality and its concern for integration of natural light in schools – while demonstrating the significant impact of foreign influences on Swiss production. To do this, a large chronological and systematic census of schools is carried out in four major architectural journals: Werk, L’architecture d’Aujourd’hui, Techniques & Architecture and Architectural Review. The formal and constructive evolution of the projects is detailed and the daylighting mechanisms of the class units are identified, while looking at the impact of the evolution of child pedagogy on architecture. Then an identification and selection of school models, that are most representative of the typological evolution and the use of lighting throughout the different epochs, is carried out for the second part of the thesis. The 2nd part begins with the observation, that many recent research findings demonstrate the importance of a significant and controlled amount of natural light for reading and writing tasks and more generally, its role in the physical and psychic well-being of the students. Thus, it is now necessary for designers to reflect more and be aware of the use of ideal natural lighting strategies, no longer relying on electrical lighting – often permanently lit – to provide the necessary light levels, although electrical light is less comfortable for the human eye and synonymous with significant energy expenditure. The second part proposes to analyze the daylighting performance of the selected schools by using 3D simulation. This in order to quantify the different levels of illuminance and to study the resulting luminous atmospheres. Several observations and measurements are also carried out in situ following a precise protocol. The objective is to compare the principles and typological families of our initial theoretical census, by iteratively varying the different architectural elements constituting the units of modeled classrooms (geometry, openings, solar protections, types of glazing, etc.), while questioning the recommendations and regulations related to the daylighting of school buildings that are in force in Switzerland and abroad. Based on the results obtained, the 3rd part proposes to accurately identify criteria and architectural models that offers adapted and controlled levels of illuminance for students. The first aim is to reconstruct the evolution of 70 years of school construction in Switzerland, based on the original perspective of daylight integration principles. The second aim is to propose a library of examples of good architectural practices, while also objectively criticizing the daylighting strategies in Swiss schools – and of the literature that made it known – by comparing contemporary production and recommendations in terms of lighting with the constructions built from 1945, and which placed – at least for certain typologies – natural light in schools at the center of the projecting process. By combining the daylight performance of school spaces with a wider historical, spatial, and pedagogical approach, the objective is to positively influence decisions related to the design of naturally lit spaces in the school of tomorrow.
          World Economic Forum 2010        
Today finishes in Davos, Switzerland, the first post-crisis World Economic Forum (WEF), which has gathered in the Swiss ski resort an important number of politicians, journalists, business leaders, academics and other social actors. The purpose of the WEF is to create a pleasant environment for world leaders to discuss global problems and reach conclusions which […]
          BroadwayWorld Seeks Contributors Near Cape Playhouse & Berkshire Theater        

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

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As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 5M+ monthly visitors!

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


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Anchorage, Arkansas, Casper, Dayton, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Madison, Milwaukee, Montana, New Hampshire, Sioux Falls, Wichita, Memphis, Tulsa, Vermont, Provincetown, South Dennis (RI), and Stockbridge(MA).

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          Fandom Flair: Yuri on Ice Cosplay        

Welcome back to another exciting edition of "Fandom Flair."  I couldn't wait to have an opportunity to show off the Yuri on Ice cosplay outfit I put together for the Phoenix Comicon in May!

For those who aren't aware, Yuri on Ice is an anime that features Katsuki Yuuri, a Japanese figure skater.  After coming in last place in the Grand Prix Finals, he contemplates retirement.  But then his idol, and five-time World Champion, Victor Nikiforov, shows up and offers to be Yuuri's coach.  It's a delightful anime, full of humor, romance, and beautiful skating routines.  The show has been discussed in great deal because the romance between Yuuri and Victor is incredibly well done.  Yuuri also suffers from anxiety, and much of the show focuses on how he--and his family and friends--deal with it.  Also, there's a great amount of diversity in the characters.  Victor--and his young protege, Yuri Plisetsky--are Russian.  There are also skaters from Canada, Thailand, Switzerland, and Kazakhstan.  There are so many aspects of this show to love.

But I should move on, or I will simply gush forever.

In the season finale, one of the skaters, Phichit Chulanont from Thailand, thinks about his dream of having an ice show, to show the people of Thailand how fun skating can be.  He imagines all his skating friends in costume with him.  It's a lovey scene, and it shows how optimistic and bright a character Phichit is.

 

The costume Phichit wears is elaborate, and I've seen cosplays of it already.  I was more drawn to the other skaters' costumes, and the adorable hamster hats they wear.

The first thing I did was make the hat.  I did this the day after the season finale because I couldn't get over how cute the hamsters were.  And since it was December, I had plenty of opportunities to wear it outdoors to keep my ears warm.
I started with this tutorial on how to make a fleece hat.  I've used this pattern countless times and could do it in my sleep.

I cut it out of brown fleece, then trimmed about three inches off the bottom. 

I cut out a white fleece, about five inches,  and sewed it to the bottom.

Next, I worked on the ears.  I made them rounded, and cut them from the same brown fleece.  I also added a smaller white circle to the center for contrast.  I sewed them together with a blanket stitch.

I folded both ears and placed them face down on the bottom piece of the hat.  

I sewed the matching top piece over (right side to right side).  So when flipped, the ears stuck out at an angle.

I stitched up the V at the top, then folded the white bottom up two times to give me a puffy brim.

I cut out a small strip of white fleece and sewed a line through the center for teeth.  I also cut out a nose, eyes, and eye glimmers.  I hot glued all these accents on, since my fabric was too thick to sew through.  I also added just a bit of hot glue around the brim so it would stay up.


 
Now, for the rest of the costume.  The skaters wore two different outfits, and while I'd loved to make the one with the ruffles, I don't think my sewing skills are at that level.  So I went with the striped happi instead.
I looked online and found a simple happi pattern.  What made it not easy is that I could not find any fabrics with wide blue and yellow stripes.  My dedication to authenticity reached a new height, so I decided to buy plain cotton fabrics in both colors, cut them on a diagonal, and sew them together.  

This was very, very time consuming.  But I loved the end results.  Totally worth it.

After that, I simply cut out the front two pieces, and the back piece.  

I sewed them together and hemmed the bottom.

Next, I added on the pink collar.  I also used a bit of the pink to finish the hem on the sleeves.  With the little I had left over, I made a thin belt. (It was crunch time by this point so I didn't get pictures of the last few steps.)
I paired the happi with a long-sleeved white shirt and white leggings.


 
I loved this cosplay.  It's pretty obscure, because it's only shown during a ten second scene, but I enjoy the moment it represents.  Phichit is one of my favorite characters on the show and I was happy to include something from his dream into my cosplay repertoire.

 

Thanks for reading!


          Montreal's Festival du nouveau cinéma Reveals Its Line-Up        
Today, Montreal's Festival du nouveau cinéma (FNC), which will take place between October 12 to 23. Here's the complete line-up of feature films according to the press release we received.

Opening and closing

The 40th edition of the FNC kicks off on Wednesday, October 12, with Declaration of War by Valérie Donzelli (France) at Cinéma Impérial (Centre Sandra & Leo Kolber, Salle Lucie & André Chagnon). This critically-acclaimed second feature by Valérie Donzelli (The Queen of Hearts) tells the love story of Roméo and Juliette who are battling to save their sick child. The director and her producer Edouard Weil will be in attendance.

Ten days later, on Saturday, October 22, Monsieur Lazhar (Quebec/Canada) by Philippe Falardeau will close the Festival. Selected to represent Canada at the Oscars for Best Foreign Language Film, Monsieur Lahzar shows the efforts of an Algerian schoolteacher to help his Grade 6 students come to terms with their teacher’s death. Between the opening and closing dates, the FNC will be in celebratory mode, highlighting the social relevance of featured works.

International Selection: Louve d’Or presented by Quebecor

The International Selection is an opportunity for relative unknowns to make their mark. This year, there are 19 contenders for the Louve d’Or, which includes a $15,000 prize from Quebecor. The 19 films in competition are: Behold the Lamb, by John McIlduff (United Kingdom); Black Blood, by Miaoyan Zhang (China); Blue Bird, by Gust Van Den Berghe (France/Belgium); Elena, by Andrey Zvyagintsev (Russia); The Giants, by Bouli Lanners (France/Belgium/Luxemburg); The Island, by Kamen Kalev (Bulgaria/Sweden); The Last Christeros, by Matias Meyer (Mexico/Netherlands); Nuit #1, by Anne Émond (Quebec/Canada); OK, Enough, Goodbye, by Rania Attieh & Daniel Garcia (Lebanon/United Arab Emirates); Oslo, August 31st, by Joachim Trier (Norway); Play, by Ruban Östlund (Sweden/France/Denmark); Shame, by Steve McQueen (United Kingdom); Toll Booth, by Tolga Karacelik (Turkey); Tomboy, by Céline Sciamma (France); Twilight Portrait, by Angelina Nikonova (Russia); Volcano, by Runar Runarsson (Iceland/Denmark); Wasted Youth, by Argyris Papadimitropoulos (Greece); White White World, by Oleg Novkovic (Serbia); and Without, by Mark Jackson (United States).

Special Presentation

Twenty-five films by established filmmakers will be screened in this year’s Special Presentation section, which features strong, committed works that reflect their creators’ bold vision: 30 tableaux, by Paule Baillargeon (Quebec/Canada); Les Amants, by Nicolas Klotz & Elisabeth Perceval (France); An Organisation of Dreams – Part 2 – Dangerous People, by Ken McMullen (United Kingdom); L’Apollonide (Souvenirs de la maison close), and De la guerre, Bertrand Bonello (France); Stopped on Track, Andrea Dresen (Germany); Norwegian Wood, Tran Anh Hung (Japan); Early One Morning, Jean-Marc Moutout (France/Belgium); Décharge, Benoît Pilon (Quebec/Canada); Faust, Alexander Sokurov (Russia); Almayer’s Folly, Chantal Akerman (France/Belgium); U2-From the Sky Down, Davis Guggenheim (United States); Hanezu, Naomi Kawaze (Japan); Hard Core Logo II, Bruce McDonald (Canada); Outside Satan, Bruno Dumont (France); Il se peut que la beauté ait renforcé notre résolution – Masao Adachi, Philippe Grandieux (France); Louis Martin, journaliste, Louis Bélanger (Quebec/Canada); Melancholia, Lars Von Trier (Denmark/Sweden/France/Germany); My Paris Movie, Jonas Mekas (United States); Once Upon a Time in Anatolia, Nuri Bilge Ceylan (Turkey); The Skin I Live In, Pedro Almodóvar (Spain); Pina, Wim Wenders (Germany/France); Take This Waltz, Sarah Polley (Canada); The Turin Horse, Béla Tarr (Hungary); and A Separation, Asghar Farhadi (Iran).


International Panorama

Festivalgoers can tour the world, exploring countless new realities through a wide array of works, including comedies, documentaries, road movies and dramas. The 27 films in this year’s International Panorama section are: Abderrahmane Sissako: Une fenêtre sur le monde, by Charles Castella (France); Absolutely Tame Is a Horse (Asb Heyvan-e Najibist), by Abdolreza Kahani (Iran); Acorazado, by Alvaro Curiel de Icaza (Mexico); Avé, by Konstantin Bojanov (Bulgaria); Chico & Rita, by Javier Mariscal & Fernando Trueba (Spain); Cultures of Resistance, by Iara Lee (United States); Do Me Love, by Jacky Katu & Lou Viger (France); End of the Night, by Daisuke Miyazaki (Japan); Flying Home, by Tobias Wyss (Switzerland); Pio’s Generation (La Generación de Pio), by Juan Rodrigo & Pedro Rodrigo (Spain); Goodnight Nobody, by Jacqueline Zünd (Switzerland/Germany); The Furious Force of Rhymes, by Joshua Atesh Litle (France); Land of Oblivion, by Michale Boganim (France/Germany/Poland/Ukraine); Last Road to the Beach (A Última estrada da praia), by Fabiano De Souza (Brazil); Melting Away, by Doron Eran (Israel/Canada); Mike, by Lars Blumers (France); Mondo Lux – The Visual Worlds of Werner Schroeter, by Elfi Mikesch (Germany); Our Ancestors The Gauls, by Christian Zerbib (France); Policeman (Hashoter), by Nadav Lapid (Israel); The First Rasta, by Hélène Lee (France); Searching for Hassan, by Edouard Beau (France); The Terrorists (Poo Kor Karn Rai), by Thunska Pansittivorakul (Thailand/Germany); Three and a Half (Seh-O-Nim), by Naghi Nemati (Iran); A Life for Ballet, by Marlène Ionesco (France); The Life and Death of Celso Junior, by Panayotis Evangelidis (Greece); Vinyl (Tales from the Vienna Underground), by Andrew C. Standen-Razlrish (Austria/United Kingdom) and Y’a pire ailleurs, by Jean-Henri Meunier (France).

Focus

Turning the spotlight on homegrown talent, the Focus section presents original, unseen Quebec and Canadian works that wow, amaze and offer food for thought. This year’s lineup includes 9 films in competition for the Grand Prix Focus/Cinémathèque québécoise with a $5,000 prize, as well as 10 non-competing films. Opening the section on October 13 is the visually ambitious documentary Surviving Progress, by Mathieu Roy and Harold Crooks (Canada). Also in competition: Amy George, by Yonah Lewis & Calvin Thomas (Canada); The Girl in the White Coat, by Darrell Wasyk (Canada); Fortunate Son, by Tony Asimakopoulos (Quebec/Canada); I am a good person/I am a bad person, by Ingrid Veninger (Canada); Laurentie, by Simon Lavoie & Mathieu Denis (Quebec/Canada); Marginal Road, by Yassaman Ameri (Quebec/Canada/Portugal); Peace Park, by David Bouthillier (Quebec/Canada); and Romeo Eleven, by Ivan Grbovic (Quebec/Canada). The non-competing films are: Alejandro Jodorowsky, grand rectum de l’Université de Foulosophie, by François Gourd & Matthieu Bouchard (Quebec/Canada); Another Silence, by Santiago Amigorena (Quebec/Canada/France/Argentina); National Parks Project, by Louise Archambault, Keith Behrman, Daniel Cockburn, Hubert Davis, Sturla Gunnarsson, Zacharias Kunuk, Stéphane Lafleur, Peter Lynch, Catherine Martin, Kevin McMahon, Scott Smith, Jamie Travis and John Walker (Quebec/Canada); Le Pays des âmes, by Olivier Godin (Quebec/Canada); Planet Yoga, by Carlos Ferrand (Quebec/Canada); Dust. A Sculptor’s Journey, by Jeanne Pope (Quebec/Canada); Rasta, A Soul’s Journey, by Donisha Prendergast (Canada); République: un abécédaire populaire, by Hugo Latulippe (Quebec/Canada); Les Tickets: l’arme de la répression, by Eric “Roach” Denis (Quebec/Canada); and Touch the Sky, by Adrian Wills (Quebec/Canada).

Temps Ø

The section opens with the North American premiere of Guilty of Romance by Sion Sono (Japan), a story of ordinary mental illness in the form of a psychosexual, neofeminist punk thriller, with powerful lead actress Megumi Kagurazaka in attendance. Other big names on the program: Takahi Miike with Hara-Kiri: Death of a Samurai (a 3D remake of Kobayashi’s masterpiece); Shinya Tsukamoto, who will present the much-anticipated Kotoko, about a mother on the brink of madness, which nabbed the Orizzonti prize at the last Venice festival. Must-see new discoveries include Our Day Will Come by Romain Gavras, a Thelma and Louise for redheads and a cross between Gaspar Noé and Bertrand Blier, starring Vincent Cassel. It’s no secret that Australian film is in a state of effervescence, represented here by two major works: the mysterious Sleeping Beauty by Julia Leigh, with rising star Emily Browning, and Justin Kruzel’s monstrous Snowtown, which got a special mention at the 2011 Cannes Critics’ Week. And . . . (drum roll), don’t miss the long-awaited world premiere of Assassin’s Creed Embers, an all-new animated short by Ubisoft studios. Expect an evening of surprises, anecdotes and of course sneak previews of the new game by the Montreal mega franchise. On the US front, look for the astonishing The Ballad of Genesis and Lady Jaye, a beautiful love story told through one of the most radical artistic performances the world has ever seen. Director Marie Losier, the darling of New York’s experimental new cinema scene, will be in attendance. We’ll also be showing Take Shelter, by Jeff Nichols, which won the Critics’ Week Grand Prix at Cannes and has everybody talking, as well as the documentary Last Fast Ride: The Love, Life and Death of a Punk Goddess, by Lilly Ayers, on punk icon Marian Anderson (with narration by Henry Rollins). Asia will also be in the spotlight with Gandu, by Quashiq Mukherjee, a proud representative of an all-new style of Indian films (Wong Kar-wai meets a pornographic ghetto rapper version of Gaspard Noé in Calcutta). Also showing will be Shirome, by Koji Shiraishi, a horror film that takes delight in terrifying a group of young female Japanese pop stars, offering a new twist on The Blair Witch Project. Finally, the latest wacky flick from Thailand — Saturday Killer, by Yuthlert Sippapak, about a hit man with severe erectile dysfunction — along with the superb Tatsumi, Eric Khoo’s tribute to renowned manga artist Yoshihiro Tatsumi. And, last but not least, the first real 3D porn flick, Sex and Zen: Extreme Ecstasy, by Christopher Sun Lap Key, which smashed this year’s box office records in Hong Kong and has become a true Chinese cultural phenomenon.

          ç‘žå£«èˆ‡å·´é»Žè‡ªåŠ©æ—…è¡Œ 旅館飯店分享 (推薦)        

基本上,這次的旅行,巴黎能有比較便宜的都選便宜的,但瑞士的飯店旅館都偏貴的,所以瑞士要找到近車站又便宜的本來就不太容易阿~

Date City/Country Remark
30 Sep 2012 Hong Kong –>  Paris Stay in Paris 201311563712705
Hotel London Opera Paris (€98)
1 Oct 2012 Paris–>Zurich, Switzerland  Stay in Zurich, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Hotel marta  (CHF165)
2 Oct 2012 Zurich–> Luzern–>Interlaken Stay in Interlaken, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Hotel Royal - St. Georges (CHF203)
3 Oct 2012 Interlaken–>Jungfraujoch–>Grindelwald Stay in Grindelwald, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Hotel Derby Grindelwald (CHF158)
4 Oct 2012 Grindelwald–>Lausanne Stay in Lausanne, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Château d'Ouchy (CHF401)
(Double room with Lake view)
5 Oct 2012 Lausanne–>Bren–> Lausanne Stay in Lausanne, Switzerlandinter_core_i5
Mövenpick Hotel Lausanne  (CHF196)
6 Oct 2012 Lausanne –>Paris Stay in Paris 201311563712705
Hotel London Opera Paris(€98)
7 Oct 2012 Paris
8 Oct 2012 Paris Stay in Paris 201311563712705
Solar Hotel (€69)
9 Oct 2012 Paris
10 Oct 2012 Paris
11 Oct 2012 Paris
12 Oct 2012 Paris–>Hong Kong
13 Oct 2012

Hotel London Opera Paris (法國巴黎)
評分: 地點非常好,離百貨公司非常近,精品選購族一定要考慮,地鐵也在旁邊,也是機場巴士RoissyBus的下車點,早餐免費,乾淨度一般,也還說得過去的,以€98這價位來說,算是OK的了,缺點是櫃台在2F,2F以上才有電梯,要能般行李上2樓,還有電梯很小。地點在麥當勞上面。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g187147-d228839-Reviews-London_Hotel-Paris_Ile_de_France.html
image
P1130589

Hotel marta (瑞士,蘇黎世)
評分: 離車站進,有免費WiFi與早餐,乾淨,唯一的缺點是床比較小,可能我們是選Economy small room的關係吧。算是值得推薦了!
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188113-d1875935-Reviews-Hotel_Marta-Zurich.html
image
P1120539 P1120540

Hotel Royal - St. Georges (瑞士,因特拉肯Interlaken)
評分:以200瑞士法郎來說,肯定是要乾淨的,設備蠻其全,離車站要走7分鐘,算是缺點吧,因為其實有更進的可以選擇,不過這邊真的旅館不多,離車站近的更是少。用餐環境不錯的。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188081-d236397-Reviews-Hotel_Royal_St_Georges_Interlaken_MGallery_Collection-Interlaken_Bernese_Oberland_Canto.html
image
 P1120807
P1120809
P1120819
P1120842

Hotel Derby Grindelwald  (瑞士,格林德瓦)
評分:就在車站旁,陽台就能看到火車進出站,真酷阿~ 早餐還不錯。缺點是老老舊舊的,而乾淨度可能需要再加強。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188080-d227524-Reviews-Derby_Hotel-Grindelwald_Jungfrau_Region_Bernese_Oberland_Canton_of_Bern.html
image
P1130002
P1120983
P1120973
P1120986

Château d'Ouchy  (瑞士,洛桑)
Double room with Lake view
評分: 這天真的當好野人去,住城堡飯店,不過這400CHF種價位都可以住礁溪老爺兩次了><,
位在洛桑烏契港,設備很乾淨,衛浴分離,湖景還行,沒附早餐(敗筆)
地點在捷運站前,離車站只有三站,算交通方便囉。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188107-d231862-Reviews-Le_Chateau_d_Ouchy-Lausanne_Vaud.html
image
P1130157
P1130559
P1130143
P1130146
P1130148
P1130152
P1130154
2012-10-04 13.13.26


Mövenpick Hotel Lausanne (瑞士,洛桑)
Lake Standard Room
評分:位在洛桑烏契港,中規中矩的連鎖飯店,由於在知名的IMD洛桑管理學院旁,所以常有學術人士入住,離捷運進,旁邊又有超市,也有湖景看,說起來CP值也不錯了。
http://www.tripadvisor.com.tw/Hotel_Review-g188107-d206289-Reviews-Moevenpick_Hotel_Lausanne-Lausanne_Vaud.html
image
P1130286
P1130291
          Angola        
Squad: Goalkeepers: 1 – João Ricardo – Moreirense FC (Portugal); Era: FH 2000’s 12 – Pedro Benje – SC Farense (Portugal); Era: FH 1970’s (1) 13 – Carlos Fernandes – FC Boavista (Portugal) / FC Steaua Bucuresti (Romania) / Foolad FC (Iran) / Rio Ave FC (Portugal); Era: SH 2000’s Defenders: 2 – Kali – FC Sion (Switzerland); Era: SH […]
          Switzerland        
  Squad: Goalkeepers: 1 – Frank Séchehaye – Servette FC; Era: FH 1930’s 13 – Erwin Ballabio – FC Grenchen; Era: FH 1940’s 18 – Diego Benaglio – VfL Wolfsburg (Germany); Era: SH 2000’s Defenders: 2 – Stephan Lichtsteiner – Juventus FC (Italy); Era: FH 2010’s 3 – Rudolf Ramseyer – BSC Young Boys; Era: SH 1920’s 4 – Stéphane Henchoz – Liverpool FC […]
          A Detour for Castles in Germany        
After a week in Switzerland, we planned to drive south to Italy, which is what I was looking forward to most. But if you're married to Yuriy and he has his own car, he's going to try to squeeze in as much as possible. He convinced me that we should swing by Germany real quick, because Munich is only 5 hours away (from Zurich). He really enjoyed Munich when he visited with his brother almost ten years ago, and I'd never been to Germany, so I was pretty easily convinced to take a little side trip with the promise of a good brat and beer and some German history. 

Since we were already taking a detour to Munich, we might as well stop by and see some castles along the way, right? That's the problem with Europe... everything is so close and there's always something that's "basically on the way". One week in, and we were already feeling one month in Europe wasn't nearly enough...

We visited Neuschwanstein Castle and Hohenschwangau Castle, both belonging to King Ludwig II, who became king of Bavaria when he was just 19 years old in 1864. What else would you do as a teenage king but build a better castle? The castles are so close, you can walk from one to the other.

Unfortunately, the bridge that offers the best views of Neuschwanstein was under construction, so we missed out on that. We also arrived as the castle was ready to close for the evening, so we didn't get tickets to go inside. There were so many crowds and school groups leaving the castle as we were arriving, so we didn't feel too bad about missing the chaos, and got to walk around the castle with a little more peace and quiet. 

Munich up next!

- Yuriy and Julia

Look closely at the mountains in the background to see Neuschwanstein Castle. 


          A Sunny Day in Zürich        
We said goodbye to our friends and awesome Swiss hosts, Zhanna and Gary, in Lauterbrunnen, and continued on to Zürich, our first big city and last stop in Switzerland. It was exciting to be in a big European city, even if we were paying $8 for a latte (at least it was in a beautiful cafe that made us feel fancy). We had just one day in the city, and did a free walking tour, which are available in most big cities around the world and an awesome way to get a feel for a new city and see the major attractions in just a couple hours. The city was incredibly clean and felt very sophisticated and nice.

One of the simple highlights of the day was getting pasta and salad from a deli, finding a bench by the Limmat River, and enjoying the food and sunshine amid locals on their lunch breaks.

Next stop: Germany!

- Julia




          Into the Swiss Alps        
From the village of Lauterbrunnen, we took a cable car up to the summit of Schilthorn (9,744 ft) to get a closer look at the Alps. From the valley floor to the summit, the weather was dramatically colder and we were surrounded by stunning, snow-covered mountain peaks. It was quite the change of scenery.

Once at the top, there are panoramic views of the Swiss Alps, some ski runs, a revolving restaurant, and a 007 James Bond Museum. The revolving restaurant, Piz Gloria, was featured in the 1969 James Bond movie On Her Majesty's Secret Service. If you remember the old film where there is a gun chase on skis, that's the one. It felt silly just how much everything was branded around James Bond... we ate burgers in the restaurant with 007 stamped into the toasted buns. Before the James Bond movie, it was just a stunning place to be closer to the mountains, the real stars here, and I think I would have preferred it that way.

Either way, we loved the experience and the views and would recommend it, even though the tickets to get up there were overpriced. We wouldn't have been able to experience the Alps up close any other way within a couple hours.

- Julia & Yuriy




          Lauterbrunnen — a Fairytale Swiss Village        
From Lake Thun, we continued our European roadtrip to the fairytale village of Lauterbrunnen, hidden in a deep valley in the Swiss Alps, surrounded by steep rock faces dotted with waterfalls and wrapped in trees where the mountains are less steep. There are 72 waterfalls that run into the valley, some several hundred feet high. This beautiful place inspired Tolkien's mystical Middle Earth in Lord of the Rings. We were here in April before everything turned green after the winter, so we can only imagine how beautiful and lush it must be in the summer.

With only one day here, we visited a place called Trümmelbach Falls, which is a group of beautiful glacier waterfalls inside a mountain and requires a small fee to visit. We’ve never seen any falls like this, running through the inside of a mountain. The waterfalls are super tall and forceful, carving amazing tunnels through the rock. There is a tunnel-lift that will give you a ride to the top of the mountain, and stairs and tunnels that descend down through the mountain, with platforms and lights illuminating the waterfalls in all the right places. There were a few areas where you had to get wet from the incredible spray to get a look at the falls, and yell to be heard over the sound of rushing water. Though it didn't feel very wild, it was pretty impressive how the waterfalls were made accessible with stairs and rails for visitors.

The Trümmelbach drains glaciers from several massive peaks in the Alps including Eiger (3970 m), Mönch (4099 m) and Jungfrau (4158 m). Up to 20,000 litres of water pass through the falls every second. No wonder it’s so beautifully carved!

If we had more time, we would have loved to do some hiking in the area. From the valley, we took a cable car up to the summit of Schilthorn to get a closer look at the Alps. Those photos in the next post.

Riding a tunnel lift through the inside of a rocky mountain to get to the top of Trümmelbach Falls.


          Three Swiss Cities in One Day        
It's a new year, and we hope to share our Europe travels a little more frequently or we'll never get through our photos! After Switzerland, we still have Germany, Italy, France, and Belgium to share. 

Being hosted by our friends, Zhanna and Gary, in Switzerland was amazing because we got to do activities they normally enjoy, like climbing a via ferrata and hiking to their chalet in the mountains. It also meant we did a lot of non-touristy things around home, like go soak in the local hot springs pool at night, eat their fave Thai takeout for dinner one night, and swing by Gary's mom's house to meet some of the family members we'd been hearing so much about.

Toward the end of the week, we decided we needed to venture further away from home and packed up for a short road trip. We were headed toward Lauterbrunnen, and spent a day stopping along the way in a few beautiful cities—Neuchâtel (where I did a short portrait session for Zhanna + Gary), Bern, and Thun. 

There's something so wonderful and picturesque about layers of crammed rooftops, and the Swiss landscape has done the cities a favor with it's rolling hills. There are so many good view points in hilly cities! Bern especially, was one of those cities that seemed to fit in one postcard-perfect frame from up on the hill across the river as soon as we got out of the car. No need to trek anywhere.

On our third stop in Thun, we met up with a couple of photographers we had connected with through Instagram. Gosh, the internet is crazy cool. We instantly became friends with David and Kathrin over a pasta lunch at a lovely sidewalk cafe. After lunch, the six of us wandered around Thun, casually wandering through a castle (no big deal), and taking each other's photos, because that's what photographers do when they get together. David and Kathrin have friends who own a bed and breakfast retreat of some sort on Lake Thun, and they invited us to come see their beautiful property, have a coffee, and take a row boat out on the lake. The weather was overcast and a little hazy, and the light fading over the lake at the end of the day was absolutely beautiful. We didn't see a single other person or boat out—the lake was all ours.

As we traveled northwest from Monthey, the language changed from French to Swiss German. Our hosts speak French and our new friends speak Swiss German, so it was really interesting to see that English can still be the common language even between people from one country!  

We parted ways with our new friends, and continued on to Lauterbrunnen with Zhanna and Gary, driving in the dark—such a shame! Now that we're home, I keep seeing stunning photos of Lake Thun and it hurts to think of the beautiful views we missed while driving around that lake. Never travel through Switzerland through the night! 

We'll share photos from Lauterbrunnen, the beautiful place that inspired RR Tolkien's Rivendell, in the next post. 

- Julia + Yuriy


Neuchâtel, Switzerland

(where I did a short portrait session for our hosts, Zhanna + Gary)
Seems like we stumbled into an amazing street market in every other town we visited in Europe.


Bern, Switzerland

This was my first view of Bern. It's as if the city was laid out to give a beautiful first impression.
I couldn't get over how peaceful and sweet this couple looked sitting on a bench overlooking the city. This photo made it into our 2017 postcard calendar.

Thun, Switzerland

(with our new friends, David + Kathrin, showing us around)

Lake Thun, Switzerland
A few of the photos David and Kathrin so generously gifted to us.



          2017 Postcard Calendar         
We've continued our tradition and made a 2017 postcard calendar with photos from our travels this past year. It's always really fun to go through our photos at the end of the year and make something we can hold in our hands (and makes our holiday gifts super easy). This year's calendar has photos from our roadtrip to Switzerland, Italy, France, and Belgium (which we'll be sharing on the blog shortly!).

The back of each calendar page has a postcard back. When you're through with the month, cut off the bottom and send the postcard to a friend, or collect all 12 to display as small prints. 

You can shop the calendar here. We also sell travel prints if you need some fresh wall art. Thanks for checking it out!

- Julia + Yuriy



          Via Ferrata — Climbing Rock Faces in Switzerland        
My friend Zhanna had been living in Switzerland for about a year before we visited her and her Swiss husband Gary. I had seen her post photos of many via ferrata climbs on her Instagram (which you must follow if you don't) and knew that was something we had to try when we came to visit. The photos from her first via ferrata took my breath away (here and here). We had never heard of this until she introduced us.

Via ferrata (Italian for "iron trail") is a climbing route made up of iron rung ladders and steel cable bridges. When climbing, you have to wear a harness and helmet. There is a steel cable that runs along the entire route, to which you