What I've learned in Africa        
I failed miserably in the two learning targets I set myself when I arrived here - mastery of the French language (I get by but am by no means fluent) and competence at drumming (I've managed to fit in two lessons in over six years).  But I have learned a number of things, some about myself and some about Africa.

I learned that I'm not as emotionally self-sufficient as I'd always thought - that I need people.  My first couple of years were really quite lonely, until I worked out that the best response was not to try to toughen myself up so I could cope better but to go out and find friends.

I learned that I'm not a very compassionate person.  I care about injustice towards groups of people and want to do my bit to put that right, but I don't cry over the suffering of individuals nor do I give and share what I have in the way that Africans (and some Europeans/Americans) do.  I don't feel sympathy when I see someone begging, I just feel a need to try to change the system.  It's not a trait to be particularly proud of, but then again it is one that makes it easier to cope with a job like mine where you do witness a lot of suffering.

& I learned (or rather confirmed my suspicion) that I am physically suited to the environment here.  I love the heat - don't miss winters, or indeed seasons, at all - and my only illness during my time here was the bronchitis I picked up on a winter trip to the US and a touch of flu in my first month here.  Not only have I avoided malaria but I haven't even suffered one bout of diarrhoea in more than six years here!

As regards Africa and its people?  Well, I've learnt that it is a highly materialistic society and with conspicuous consumption preferred over savings or investment, that Africans of different shades of brown and black can be far more racist (towards eachother) than any whites I've ever met, that things will happen when they happen no matter how many times an impatient white person looks at their watch in irritation, and that when things appear to have gone wrong, there is always a solution, especially when Africans spot a white person in need.

I've learnt a lot about the huge importance of the obligations that come with the extended family system, and the way in which this system is a strong barrier against Africa developing on the same path that the West has.  On the one hand it works against people building up the kind of wealth necessary to build businesses, as the more one earns the greater the number of family members who come calling for help; I don't think I have any African colleagues who don't spend a significant proportion of their income supporting their extended family.  On the other hand this means that what we in the West would call corruption and nepotism (those with power using it to favour/benefit family and friends) are in Africa normal and acceptable forms of behaviour.  I'll never forget the dinner in Mali where I heard a government minister tell some friends that he was going to resign as he couldn't cope with the constant demands for money and jobs from his family and community.  Taken up to the next level - the tribe - this also explains in large part why Western-style democracy does not really work in Africa.

I learnt that every sub-Saharan African, whether Christian, Muslim, atheist or animist, believes in a spirit world. This world operates in parallel with the material world but with the ability to interfere in the latter for good or evil.  Typical manifestations of this belief include the protective amulets worn by many people and widespread accusations of witchcraft to explain what we would call bad luck.

Finally, I learned about a very important existential difference between the West and Africa - or, more accurately I suspect, between the West and rest of the world - in the way we look at a human being.  In the West we focus almost entirely on that person as an individual, with rights and choices that attach to him/her as an individual.  Here in Africa, that is not important.  A human being is not seen as an individual but in terms of their relationship to others.  So one is a mother, a sister, a chief, a Christian, a member of a certain tribe...

I recently spent a few days in an African household, where I was soon referred to as "aunty", the usual term for a respected (older) family friend; there was no way I would have been called by my name.  Birthdays are not celebrated here either.

Of course those relationships carry obligations and expectations (built up in the culture over many generations) which are considered far more important than anything the individual concerned might prefer were they to be given free choice.  It shows what a clash of cultures it is to try to impose individual human rights (eg the right of a child to go to school rather than to help with the family business, or the right of a man to live and sleep with another man rather than to marry a woman and to produce children) on societies where the happiness of the individual is considered far less important than the well-being of the community.  Particularly in a part of the world where it is believed that failing to maintain the traditons of the ancestors is likely to bring misfortune.

It's ironic really that one of the things many expats relish, myself included, is the freedom from expectations and obligations that we have through living outside of our own cultures.


Unless anything momentous happens in the next 48 hours that has to be reported here, this is my last post on louiseinsenegal.  Hopefully it won't be long until my first post on louiseinpanama.
          The VERY last birds...and an African wolf        


I couldn't let that cricket warbler get away, so I took one final trip back up to the dry and dusty Sahel region in the north of the country, armed with its call downloaded onto my iPod from the excellent website xeno-canto, to track it down.  The bush yielded some nice birds - fulvous babblers and speckle-fronted weavers - but the cricket warblers were still proving elusive.  So I got out my new toy - the downloaded call - and pressed Play.  Within only two seconds, there was a cricket warbler!!  It popped up onto the top of a bush, having been hiding in the shady interior I assume.  A fleeting view but enough for a positive identification.

Some other nice sightings of the weekend included some beautiful African pygmy geese, the rare Arabian bustard and a big party of vultures feeding on a freshly dead roadside donkey - see photo above.

There are not all that many mammals in Senegal, but I saw a number of jackals, and heard the interesting bit of information that recent DNA testing has shown these to be more closely related to the European wolf than to the jackals from southern Africa.  This photo I took there really does show a wolf-like animal.

          The last few birds        
I couldn't really leave Senegal without having seen a cricket warbler, an African swallow-tailed kite, or an African pygmy goose, so some serious bird-watching had to be squeezed in to my last few weeks in the country.

Some birds are easier to find than others, of course, and generally the ones I had still to see were the elusive ones.  So I was happy to persuade a British bird-watching company to let me join them for a few days of their Senegal trip, so that I could get to the hard-to-reach Trois Marigots area of northern Senegal.  In fact they were such a nice bunch of people that I was sad not to be able to stay with them for their entire ten days, but the three days were pretty satisfactory with great sightings of Savile's bustards, African pygmy geese, African scrub warbler and the rare Little grey woodpecker.

This last weekend it was time to hunt down the African swallow-tailed kite.  Until recently there was thought to be a total population of only 1,000 - 10,000 of this beautiful, nomadic bird (stretching right across the Sahel belt of Africa), but then in 2007 a roost of around 20,000 of them was discovered on a small island in the salt flats of central Senegal.  Peak numbers are there from December - February, before the birds begin to migrate further south to breed, but on 2 March there still seemed to be many thousands, some flying right over my head, so close to me that I couldn't use the binoculars.  The roost was shared with an even greater number of Lesser kestrels, and there were Peregrine falcons, Ospreys and Montagu's harriers around too so it was a real feast of raptors.

I don't have the right camera (or ability!) to photograph birds flying at speed, so cannot show you the kite, but here is a rather poor quality photo of another raptor - the Red-necked falcon - I am lucky enough to be able to watch this pair in their palm tree roost from my balcony every morning.


I had no luck with the cricket warbler but then they say it is always good to have a reason to return somewhere!
          Transferring to Panama        
The trouble with working on a fixed term contract is that there comes a time when you have to move on.  My five-year contract in Senegal was extended to a sixth year, and then to a seventh, but seven is the maximum allowed and I am already several months into my seventh year, so when a suitable post was advertised in Panama (the same job that I do here but covering our Latin America region) I really had little choice but to apply.

I was successful, and within the next couple of months (I don't yet have a transfer date), I will be leaving my beloved West Africa.

Of course my new region will be full of delights.  New landscapes, new birds, new cultures, new music...  Many things that I should be so excited about.  & I guess that, in time, I will be excited about them.  But now all I can think about is how much I will miss Africa.  How much I love Africa.  How challenging and frustrating it can be, and how long it took me to find my place here but how happy I am now that I have found it.

Don't post comments about any of the delights of my new region or of the advantages of living in Panama, because I know all that, and at the moment it makes no difference.  That isn't to say you should be sad for me...  I am busy trying to see the last few corners of this region that remain unexplored (the Benin voodoo festival, and next month the Bissau carnival), to make the most of the little time that remains and to celebrate and be thankful for the wonderful years I have spent here.  I have been very lucky to have the opportunity to explore a region of the world that so few people know.
          Ouidah voodoo festival        
Every year on 10 January, Benin celebrates its national religion with a festival in the coastal town of Ouidah (a place also known for its slave-trading history).  I've never managed to schedule a work-related trip to Benin in January, so I bit the bullet this year and bought my own flights so as to visit this festival.

I've long wanted to experience a real voodoo ceremony, having read about the way people can supposedly become 'possessed' by spirits, but this is really a matter of luck, being in the right place at the right time.  A colleague has an aunt who carries out similar ceremonies here in Senegal, and I've pushed for an invitation, but the aunt says it would be too dangerous for me - that evil spirits might come up through the ground and enter my body, which would be a terrifying experience for me and could leave me permanently damaged - and so she will not allow me to attend one of her ceremonies.  Needless to say, I don't believe in evil spirits, so have no fear of any such ceremony going wrong in that way, but this isn't really an argument you can use here.

So the voodoo festival in Ouidah would have to do as second best.  & I feel I should be careful here in any case not to give the wrong impression of voodoo - the Hollywood impression of a set of dark and perhaps evil practices - as the religion is not based around trances and animal sacrifices, those play only a small part related to major problems or events in people's lives.  The day-to-day practice of voodoo is far more mundane.

I found no information about this festival on the internet other than the date, and even on a trip to Benin in December no-one could give me any information, so I turned up not really knowing what to expect - even whether I would find the festival!  I arrived in Ouidah late the evening before, found myself a hotel room, and asked the hotel manager what was going to happen.  There will be a big procession to the beach, he told me, and after the official ceremony, there would be "voodoo here, voodoo there, voodoo everywhere!", waving his hands about excitedly.  Voodoo is indeed everywhere in Ouidah (and in much of Benin and parts of neighbouring Togo), as it is the national religion.  You see little shrines next to houses, often sticky with the residue of earlier sacrifices (usually of beer or grain porridges, rather than animals), and various buildings with voodoo symbols painted on them (a rainbow, or a snake, for example).  But I didn't fly all this way, for a two-day visit, to see a fetish or a painted building.

On the day of the festival I followed my hunch - a sound of singing and clapping which I traced to its origin in the local chief's house.  In return for a $10 payment for a 'photo permit' I was allowed in, and watched the chief and his entourage prepare, then we left in a big chaotic procession towards the python temple, with all the chief's family and guests dressed in their ceremonial finery. 
Ouidah apparently means, in the local language, 'town of pythons' and the python is the most important local deity, so sacrifices had to be made there before the festival could start.  Two goats and two chickens were the victims, presumably fed to the pythons later.

Then we made our way the 4km to the beach (the chiefs in their 4x4s, me on the back of a motorbike taxi) for the festival.  This was a strange event, formal in some ways (the US Ambassador was there, and Benin TV were broadcasting it live), but as well as the speeches and displays of drumming and dancing from the main stage of the big square, there were more animal sacrifices performed away from the stage, and various private dances with frenetic drumming in corners (including those in the first photo above) - mostly far more interesting, and with a far more authentic feel, than that put on for the Ambassador and the TV.

Walking back into town after the formalities were over I passed another troupe of dancers heading towards the beach area - looking at the photos afterwards I had to ask myself why I hadn't followed them.  Bare breasts, grass skirts, ointment smeared over their bodies and the prospect of some wild dancing - I have to admit that as much as I want Africa to develop (clean water and education for all, but also further into the 21st century), it is this traditional, even 'primitive' side of the continent that really draws me in.

Revisiting this post to add a further comment, as my lack of articulacy in the last paragraph was bothering me.  What I was trying to reflect was the conflict I so often face between the sensational and the mundane, in terms of representing Africa in my blog.  Of course I am more attracted by exploring (and writing about) the sensational side, but at the same time I don't want to give the wrong impression of the continent.  Bare-breasted women in grass skirts dancing around blood-smeared fetishes to the beat of frenetic drumming is something I want to see and write about, and is a valid image of a part of Africa, but it no more represents the wider African continent (nor even the voodoo religion) than a burnt-out car on a Belfast street represents the wider UK.  & I thought it was important to come back and make this clear, because so much of what one reads about Africa relies on stereotypical images of the place as primitive, poor, corrupt, disease-ridden, etc - and whilst those images do represent a part of the truth, it is only a small part, and I don't want to contribute to an overall negative view of this continent that I love so much.


          Christmas in Extremadura        
It was hard to know where to go for Christmas.  I had to take some leave or lose it, and I knew that if I stayed in Dakar I would end up "popping into the office to see if there are any urgent emails" (= spending my leave at work) so I had to go somewhere.  Flights from/within Africa are generally expensive, and I had already taken holidays in all of Senegal's neighbouring countries - then I saw a trip advertised to Extremadura, in the west of Spain.  Birdwatching, but with a company who don't take it too seriously - that is, they (and their typical clientele) are happy to stop to look at views/ruins/butterflies and not keen to spend three hours trying to coax a little brown bird out of a bush, unless it is an extremely rare little brown bird.

So I flew to Madrid with a case full of jumpers and thermals, and joined a group of Brits on a birdwatching trip.  I won't list the 100-odd bird species we saw, but they included cranes, storks, bustards, owls
and a wonderful view of the extremely rare Spanish imperial eagle.  Only a few hundred of these birds are left, and one sat on a rock in full view for a good half-hour, before flying off slowly (for those not into birds, the photo is a little owl, not a Spanish imperial eagle...).

When the others returned to Madrid for their flights home I stayed on for a few days.  Extremadura has a number of old hill towns full of well-preserved old monuments, so after a quick visit to Trujillo I made my way to Cáceres.  Here the extensive 'monument district' on the top of the hill, within an old city wall (including one remaining Roman gate), is full of grand, powerful-looking palaces, next to narrow, winding streets and alleyways.  There is also an old Arab underground cistern, and an interesting museum.  I ws particularly impressed by some ornate bronze bedsteads dating from the 7th-8th centuries BC.


Of course it was cold, with a damp, cold mist most mornings.  Stopping off in the bars for the odd glass of red wine and free plate of tapas kept me going but I was relieved to get home to the warmth and light of Africa.  Nothing beats stepping onto the balcony in a Tshirt to watch the New Year's Eve fireworks!


          A birthday break        
How do you celebrate a major birthday in my position? Ten years ago, and ten years before that, it was through travel to special new parts of the world. Somehow that didn’t seem so appropriate this year – not that there aren’t still many countries I would really love to go to, but travel is now a normal part of my life so it wouldn’t have marked this birthday out as special.

I thought about gathering my local friends together for a big dinner in Dakar, but ruled that out quickly as it would have meant telling them why, thus making me the centre of attention for the evening, which I would hate. I thought too about a few days’ luxury in a top hotel somewhere like Venice, but really that would be more enjoyable as part of a couple.

Then I remembered what I had read about an eco-lodge called the Collines de Niassam in Senegal, some 150km down the coast from Dakar near the villages of Palmarin. I’d been to Palmarin before, and loved the area. Just getting there involves an hour or more of driving across bare, open salt flats, with little to see except bare earth, water, sky and birds. It’s a bleak yet majestic landscape. The lodge offers a little bit of luxury amongst this bleakness, but in a development that blends in with the landscape rather than shutting it out.

So I booked myself for a couple of nights into one of their four wooden huts built on stilts above a lagoon. There are activities on offer, and I went on an evening drive in a horse and cart to watch hyenas gather before their evening hunt, but otherwise I just relaxed. A colleague had brought me an English Sunday newspaper the week before, which I had saved, but I spent a lot of time just sitting in a deck chair gazing at the lagoon – at the herons, gulls, avocets and pelicans that were a constant presence outside my room. I also went walking in the bush – yes, more birds, but also the physical pleasure of just walking, knowing I was in a reserve and so would not encounter demands for presents from snivelling children, nor their parents trying to sell me necklaces or poor quality carvings. In fact I didn’t see anyone during either of my two long (2-3 hour) walks, just hornbills, bee-eaters, kingfishers, parrots and francolins. On the drive to the hyenas I also saw flamingos and jackals.


The food was great too. Set meals with no choice whatsoever, but I was perfectly happy with dishes such as pumpkin and prawn soup and grouper fillet flambéed in tamarind sauce. I didn’t drink much but their Cape Verdean rum cocktails were also pretty good!


          Whirling Dervishes        
On both the way to and from my holiday in Central Asia I had a day and a half in transit in Istanbul. This was a great opportunity to finally see the whirling dervishes in action, and I booked myself an online ticket to a Mevlevi Sema ceremony at the Hodja Paşa Cultural Centre, a 550-year-old converted hammam.

To the Mevlevi order, everything in the universe revolves - from electrons round an atom, to the blood in our bodies, to the planets around the sun.  The whirling of the dervishes - which they refer to as revolving - reflects this and is a way of casting off bad habits and becoming one with God.

The dervishes enter wearing long, black cloaks, and beige felt hats which resemble a foot-high fez; these hats represents tombstones for the ego, which is shed (or dies temporarily) during the ceremony.  After many bows, and the removal of their cloaks, they slowly start to revolve.  Initially their arms are crossed with the their hands on their shoulders, but as they begin to revolve, their arms gradually loosen and open, ultmately held up in the air as they turn.  This revolving, at 1-2 revolutions per second, goes on for some forty minutes in total, although with some brief pauses as the ceremony has a number of stages.  Any ordinary mortals would be dizzy to the point of nausea but these guys are apparently experiencing an "intoxication of the soul", and so suffer no such worldly discomforts.

To my surprise there is no joy shown on the dervishes' faces, which remain expressionless throughout.

Although performed for tourists in this location (in fact the Mevlevi order is still outlawed in Turkey and licenced to 'perform' only for tourists), it is still really a devotional ceremony, and so we were told not only not to take photos but not to applaud either.  I found it quite moving but then I have always enjoyed the mystical side of religion, from the incense of the Ethiopian and Greek orthodox churches to the trance music of the Moroccan Gnaoua.  In fact the two things I most want to experience during my remaining time in West Africa are a Lebu exorcism (Senegal) and a voodoo ceremony (Benin).  Both are unlikely, unfortunately.

But in Istanbul on my second transit coming back from my holiday I found another venue with a Mevlani Sema ceremony, not in such an atmospheric venue but one where photos were allowed.

          Bees in the baobab        

The Bedik people came to south-east Senegal from Mali in the thirteenth century. They now number around 8,000 people, living in and around seven villages in the hills of this remote corner of Senegal. I came to spend a few days in the ‘capital’ of the Bedik country, the village of Iwol.

Bees are an important part of the history of Iwol. When Alpha Yahya attacked them from his base in Guinea to convert them to Islam, they fled into the surrounding hills, hiding in the caves. But realising that they could not defeat Yahya and his army, they offered their 12 fittest young men as a sacrifice to the village’s guardian spirit so that the village could be saved. The spirit accepted this offering and sent a swarm of bees to attack Yahya’s soldiers. The stings were so bad that they all fell down dead on the spot (only Yahya himself survived), and the Bedik got their village back.

At one side of the village is an old, gnarled baobab tree, some 23m in circumference. This sprouted, many centuries ago, over the burial place of some members of the Camara family – which somehow makes it sacred. As the bees now nest in it I suppose it is doubly sacred.

A nice by-product of this is the honey, which the Bedik add to palm wine to make a delicious mead drink.

Whilst many of the Bedik are now Catholic, they are at the same time still animist – having decided, apparently, to maintain this alongside their Catholicism so as not to lose their traditions. An important part of those traditions is the annual initiation ceremony by which the boys of this and nearby villages come of age. Whilst the whole initiation takes some five months, much of it taking place out in the sacred forest, it begins with a public ceremony in the village and it was this I had come to see.

It starts with the presentation by each boy of a cockerel to the village spirit. The cockerel is slaughtered, cut open, and the colour of the inside of its testicles checked – a healthy white and the boy may be initiated, but if this is black then further consultations with the spirits are required. In the worst case it may be decided that it would be bad luck for the boy to be initiated and he has to come back again the next year. Thankfully this possibly traumatic experience (for the boy) is rare, and this year all 18 boys were able to continue.

The cockerel is plucked and cooked over the coals, then skewered with a big stick that is placed in the roof of the initiate’s home, to mark his location. Then the masks appear from the hills – men from the village in a mask costume made from raffia and leaves – carrying big sticks and hunting for the boys. They find the huts with the chickens and try to take the boys, but the villagers are prepared and protect the boys whilst fighting back against the masks with their own big sticks. It is all quite chaotic and it seems some people do end up with some big bruises, but everyone involved sported big grins – it is obviously an event that the villagers really enjoy!

Over the following few days one can hear occasional drumming and shrieking coming from a specially built little hut in the middle of the village, and the boys emerge from time to time to parade around. Their appearance is suggestive of girls at this point, with an elaborate hairdo and earrings, and they stamp their feet rhythmically as they move, so a bunch of iron hooks dangling on their backs jangle loudly. I didn’t get the whole of the story behind these parades, but the boys move as if exhausted, and have one or two villagers who support each of them – although occasionally the boys throw off that support and try to make a run for the church at the top of one hill, from where the girls are watching the ceremony. They are always caught and pulled back before they get there, however.

This goes on for some four days but everyone told me I should stay as the ceremony ends with a massive celebratory dance which the whole village attends in their best attire. This dance was supposed to start Tuesday afternoon and go on all day Wednesday, but on Tuesday nothing happened (my guide told me it was because the women had work to do, both the regular work such as the long walk to the well to collect water but also the preparation of food to give to those organising the initiation). On Wednesday the atmosphere was a little different, and there was plenty of millet beer being drunk all around. So much millet beer though that the final dance never happened. I was disappointed, but had to remind myself that it was a part of the village life, and that it was this real village life (rather than dances put on for tourists) that I had come to see. Perhaps if they were better at organising things they would not still be living in a picturesque village without a water supply, holding traditional animist ceremonies, and the women would no longer be wearing porcupine quills through their noses.
          Living in the light        
It rained on Wednesday. Now I realise that this won’t sound particularly momentous to those of you living in rainy London, but this is Dakar. We don’t have winter and summer, we have a rainy season and a dry season and right now we are in the dry season. In the dry season it doesn’t rain. It is usually hot and sunny with blue skies, though sometimes the harmattan blows in from the Sahara desert and a white haze of dust hangs over the city, but it doesn’t rain.

So when I woke on Wednesday morning I thought I must be dreaming when I heard rain sounds – thought it was some strange trick, perhaps the leaves of the mango tree tapping against the roof in the wind – but then I heard thunder and knew it was for real. & it was the day I was moving house.

With my northern European background I groaned inwardly at the rain, thinking about all my books, clothes and CDs getting wet as the removal men carried the boxes out to the lorry. But in a semi-desert country like Senegal such unseasonal rain is considered good luck, especially for new ventures, and this portentous rainstorm was even mentioned on the evening news. Locals associated it with the presidency of the newly elected Macky Sall, but I knew better – it was for me, for my move to the new apartment.

& so far it seems to have worked. My only loss on the move was one small glass. But more importantly I now live in a beautiful apartment. It has two bedrooms and one open plan lounge/diner/kitchen, with both the latter room and the master bedroom having large French windows opening on to the enormous south-west facing balcony with its sea view (OK, the sea is behind the rooftops and a big road, but I can still see it and its cooling breezes still reach my balcony). The contrast with the old house I moved out of could not be greater as this place is flooded with light – and I realise now how I suffered from the dark, gloomy interior of the house, built in the typical African way to face north and so avoid as much as possible of the sun.

I didn’t set foot outside the apartment block for the whole weekend as I couldn’t bear to leave it. Just a trip downstairs to the shared swimming pool, which I had all to myself.

The place does have its faults (otherwise it wouldn’t be within the budget of an NGO), but the planes flying overhead in the night have not woken me once. There is no generator, only little machines that keep the lights on during power cuts – but not the fridges, the hairdryers or the cookers. So far we haven’t had any power cuts but I’m sure they’ll come once we move into the hot and steamy rainy season. But I don’t think I’ll care because I am truly in love with this apartment. I don't know at the moment how long I have left in Senegal (as a management restructuring of my department is looming) but in a way that is making me treasure each day there even more.
          Les dernières prouesses de Cairn Energy dans les eaux sénégalaises        
Les dernières prouesses de Cairn Energy dans les eaux sénégalaises Capricorn Senegal Limited, filiale de Cairn Energy PLC commence à forer le puits d’exploration FAN Sud-1 dans le périmètre appelé South Prospect Fan (Sangomar Offshore profond). Ce puits est le premier à être exploité au large du Sénégal depuis les puits de découverte de FAN-1 […]
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          [news/commentary] Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs - Part I        
Thursday, September 16, 2004
Dateline: China
 
New column on the AlwaysOn Network.  It's on the potential downside of offshoring (the downside for the States, that is).  For the next five days, see http://www.alwayson-network.com ; the permanent link is at http://tinyurl.com/4e4q4 .  It got the ire of a lot of readers and a lot of views (I'm projecting nearly 500 in less than one day).  The article which was the basis for my column is getting a lot of attention in the States.  Worth reading.
 
Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs -- Part I
 
First, a bit of commentary.  One thing all smart SIs (systems integrators) do is develop partnerships and alliances with ISVs (independent software vendors, i.e., software publishers/software companies in a broad sense).  Of course, it's difficult to be the 1,000th entrant in the game and expect to get any traction/assistance from your ISV partner.
 
SIs in China ALWAYS use the approach of offering localization services and OFTEN offer to help push an ISV's product within the domestic market in China.  Frankly, this is what the (usually American) ISV wants, too.  Does this strategy work?  Well, sometimes.  However, even in the case of high profile alliances such as some of those Microsoft has in China (and I won't name names to protect the innocent), it's really nothing more than window dressing.  Everything looks good on paper, but the reality is something quite different.
 
Regardless, this does NOT address the need and desire for SIs in China to build their market in the States.  And when this issue becomes center stage, ISVs frequently respond with something bordering on contempt.  Some ISVs are getting clued that their American channel partners absolutely need partners in China and other low(er)-cost development areas in order to win bids.  Let's face it, it's all about closing deals.  And if an ISV's competitors have channel partners which can put together winning bids, perhaps in part (and perhaps in LARGE part) due to an offshoring component with their channel partner's SI partner(s) in China, then the ISV with an indirect link to China has a competitive advantage.  I don't view this as a sufficient condition to winning bids, but it's increasingly a necessary condition.
 
Clued ISVs want their American channel partners to have an offshoring option, but this requires that their channel partners have relationships with SIs in a country such as China.  But ISVs tend to focus their channel development efforts on their American partners and might develop a couple/few relationships in China, but usually NOT tied to their channel development efforts in the States.  Goofy and shortsighted, to say the least.
 
But how can SIs in China get traction with American ISVs, especially since they're almost always late to the game (in other words, the American ISV already has a well-developed channel)?  The answer (or, at least one answer):  Focus on servicing the needs of SMEs (small and medium enterprises, which is also referred to as "SMBs" -- small and medium businesses).
 
There's another reason this makes sense:  Most of the SIs in China are already focused on servicing SMEs/SMBs in China.  It might be nice to bag a large SOE (state-owned enterprise), but the reality is that most firms in China, especially the burgeoning number of privately-held firms, are SMEs by definition.  Hence, the experiences gained by SIs in China is already within the same market, although I'd be the first person to warn than company size and even similar domains does not necessarily equate to directly transferable skills.  Fact is, things in China are often quite different from the way they are in the States, especially in a "hot" ITO (IT outsourcing) market like financial services.  More about this in a forthcoming postingBottom line:  Give serious thought to targeting the SMB/SME market in the States.  (Part II of this commentary might be a while in coming.)
 
IT Tidbits
 
Lots of tidbits this week.
 
Controlling project costs.  My favorites:  Scope creep, not understanding project financing, "big-bang" projects, overtesting (although I'm not sure I agree with this one), poor estimating.  Good stuff, with recommended solutions.  See http://tinyurl.com/6rfkg .
 
Challenges for China's SIs.  Adapted from a Forrester report.   For starters, how about:  Improving account management (are there really any account managers in China, or at least any who can manage accounts with U.S. clients?   ), moving away from technology-centric messages that often alienate business buyers (better yet, moving away from messages in Chinglish), investing in vertical-specific skills (how many times have I said this?) and becoming more multicultural organizations (yes, and let's start with learning English!).  See http://tinyurl.com/4avfo .
 
"Yee Haw" as an outsourcing option.  Forget India.  Forget China.  Forget the Philippines.  Let's go to Arkansas!!  See http://tinyurl.com/7ya9p .
 
American start-ups go offshore.  Try Corio (is Corio really a start-up?), CollabNet, Aarohl, Infinera, and many others.  See http://tinyurl.com/3wm3o .  Another good article with a BPO spin in Venture Capital Journal, http://tinyurl.com/4rfsa .
 
Offshorings mixed results.  "Vietnam and Myanmar were also in demand ..."  Really?  See http://tinyurl.com/647ap .
 
Looking for SI partners?  Kennedy ranks the largest firms.  As I've said in the past, I like their reports.  (No, I don't get a cut.)  Satyam and TCS didn't make the grade, though.  See http://tinyurl.com/4s965 .
 
Another challenge to conventional outsourcing and offshoring "wisdom."   "Services-driven development models, such as the one at work in India, broaden the global competitive playing field.  As a result, new pressures are brought to bear on hiring and real wages in the developed world - pressures that are not inconsequential in shaping the jobless recoveries unfolding in high-cost wealthy nations.  For those in the developed world, successful services- and manufacturing-based development models in heavily populated countries such as India and China - pose the toughest question of all: what about us?"  For more, see http://tinyurl.com/4acm4 .
 
Forget the Golden Triangle.  How about China + India vs. the world (or, sans the world)?  "Newspaper headlines portray China as the world's manufacturing base for low-cost goods, like clothing and shoes, and India as the global IT monopoly-to-be.  Unfortunately, media outside Asia have failed to acknowledge the growing partnership between the two giants."  "Given the complementary nature of their economies and the size of their markets (nearly 2.2 billion people in total), the nascent cooperation between the two holds the potential to dramatically alter the world trade balance.  A perusal of the Shanghai technology corridor reveals a hint of the countries' industrial interconnectedness.  Walk through one of the main complexes in Shanghai's Pudong Software Park, and you will see a prominently displayed sign for Infosys, one of India's most respected IT firms.  The same complex also holds Satyam, the first of India's software service companies to set up offices in Shanghai.  Nearby are the headquarters of the largest software services company in Asia, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), which currently runs an outsourcing center for GE in the town of Hangzhou.  TCS is owned by the Tatas, one of India's most prominent business families.  Across the river is NIIT, the principal software training center in India's private sector.  NIIT, operating in China since 1998, now runs an extensive two-year course in 25 provinces, training around 20,000 students to be software professionals.  There is widespread speculation that Wipro, India's only giant IT firm without a presence in the city, will establish a Shanghai office very soon.  It is no surprise that Indian software companies are setting up in China. They, like everyone else, sense great opportunity in one of the largest, fastest-growing economies in the world."  (Bold is my emphasis.)  All true, and they even forget MphasiS.  See one of my must-read sources, YaleGlobalhttp://tinyurl.com/6ltaz .
 
The partnering wave of the future.  I've talked about this many times in previous postings.  This time CTG dances with Polaris Software.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tbqd .
 
CMMi:  The key to success.  A little simplistic and uses incorrect definitions, but still worth reading.  See http://tinyurl.com/4gp9u .
 
 
 
 
 
How about Microsoft vs. China in an AO "Grudge Match"?  See a lengthy article in CFO titled, "Does Microsoft need China?"; link at http://tinyurl.com/476bo .  China: The champion of open source!!
 
 
Business creativity 101.  "A new book from Wharton School Publishing, The Power of Impossible Thinking by Jerry Wind and Colin Crook prompts you to rethink your mental models and transform them to help you achieve new levels of creativity. In this book, the authors give a set of guidelines on how to see differently."  Examples:  Listen to the radicals; embark on journeys of discovery; look across disciplines.  See http://tinyurl.com/6fvo8 .
 
The innovator's battle plan.  "Great firms can be undone by disruptors who analyze and exploit an incumbent's strengths and motivations.  From Clayton Christensen's new book Seeing What's Next."  GREAT stuff (although John Dvorak won't like it).  What about asymmetric warfare theories applied to the realm of corporate innovation and creativity?  Just a thought ...  See http://tinyurl.com/6mbcy .
 
Your next competitors?  Have you thought about Senegal, Uganda, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, especially in the BPO space?  See http://tinyurl.com/5h93z .
 
Message to product companies: go sell services!!  Interesting take from a VMI perspective.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tqrt .
 
Don't know much about bloggin'?  Good take on the various types of corporate blogs.  See http://tinyurl.com/6my29 .
 
Urls as web services?  You have to read it to get it.  Might be a bit too much for the uninitiated ...  See http://tinyurl.com/563gm .
 
Joel is back and blogging!!  Joel takes on Jakob Nielsen in "it's not just usability."  See http://tinyurl.com/6msmm .
 
How about open source software for HPC?  See http://tinyurl.com/5qzleWARNING: Geek alert, geek alert!!
 
Saving the best for last: a piece on Woz.  See http://tinyurl.com/4szjf .
 
TTFN.  Expect a urls update before I go back to the States.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
 
http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
http://tinyurl.com/2azkh (current blog postings for viewing in other browsers and for access to blog content archives in the US & ROW)
http://tinyurl.com/2hg2e (AvantGo channel)
 
 
To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
 

          Kap Verde - Snustorrt stenrike idealiskt för sol och bad...        
Solen skiner från klarblå himmel året om på Kap Verde. Det är också det stora samtalsämnet på de tio öarna varav nio är bebodda. Alla kapverdier drömmer om regnet som kanske ska komma en dag och fylla de uttorkade flodfårorna med vatten. Kap Verde, som ligger 120 mil söder om Kanarieöarna och 60 mil väster om Senegal på afrikanska fastlandet, är tämligen snustorra stenriken.

Torkan har i århundraden givit upphov till förödande svältkatastrofer och djupaste fattigdom. Idag vädrar kapverdierna morgonluft för att turister har börjat hitta hit. Äntligen kan vanligt folk få en försörjning. För skandinaver är den eviga torkan synonymt med ett stabilt och solsäkert klimat på semestern. Ingen annanstans, åtminstone inte på närmare håll, är chansen till en lyckad sol- och badsemester så stor som på Kap Verde.

Hotell har därför börjat växa upp längs kusterna på ön Sal och skinande nya taxibilar trafikerar den enda vägen. Regeringen har nämligen beviljat skattefrihet på just taxibilar. Allt för att turisterna ska trivas och komma tillbaka. De ska självklart åka ståndsmässigt och bekvämt och inte som lokalbefolkningen i rostiga bussar och på lösa bänkar på lastbilsflak.


Alla kommer till Sal
Alla besökare kommer till Sal där den internationella flygplatsen ligger. Den är likt grannön Boavista platt som en pannkaka med vita sandstränder som slingrar sig fram längs kusten. Hotell Odjo d´Agua i den lilla byn Santa Maria på Sal har några år på nacken och är följaktligen föredöme för öarnas nya hotellägare. På Odjo d´ Agua bor de flesta i trivsamma studios kring en snustorr damm med en djungellikt blommande liten trädgård som överlever tack vare avsaltat havsvatten. Varje hotell med självaktning på Kap Verde har egen avsaltningsanläggning.
PÃ¥ stranden finns bar och solstolar men här syns inga skränande strandförsäljare sÃ¥ lÃ¥ngt ögat nÃ¥r. Souvenirbutiker med krimskrams finns inte heller. De har helt enkelt inte hittat hit ännu. Det smaragdgröna havsvattnet hÃ¥ller behaglig temperatur och inbjuder till bad, vattensporter och djuphavsfiske. Förutom sten är havets läckerheter den enda naturtillgÃ¥ngen. Allt annat mÃ¥ste importeras.



Esplanada Mateus på Sal
Vid torget i Santa Maria serverar krögaren Mateus Nunes dignande fat med fisk och läckra skaldjur. Restaurang "Esplanada Mateus" har bara tre väggar. Den fjärde är helt enkelt öppen ut mot folkvimlet på torget. Krögaren bjuder på husets vin och toppar menyn med röda trekiloshumrar som kravlar omkring i disken tills det är dags att hamna på grillen. Byns band spelar sin melankoliskt gungande fado till vilken en väderbiten liten farbror i keps sjunger på kreol. När gästerna väl har fått sitt greppar Mateus gitarren och spelar en stund med orkestern innan han tar mikrofonen och börjar sjunga. Folk jublar och applåderar. Somliga dansar mellan borden. Kvällen är varm och det röda, tunga vinet flödar ur karafferna.



Den här kvällen går plötsligt strömmen varpå hela Santa Maria blir kolsvart. En ficklampa i handväskan är med andra ord att rekommendera. Ingen kan hitta hem till hotellet i det kompakta mörkret. Vi sitter följaktligen kvar. Någon panik byter emellertid inte ut. Servitriserna tänder levande ljus och en stund senare tuffar Mateus igång ett dieselaggregat som ger krogen ström. Kockarna fortsätter laga mat, orkestern spelar upp på nytt och gästerna roar sig som förut. En timma senare kommer strömmen tillbaka och lyser upp resten av byn. Sånt är livet rätt ofta på Kap Verde.


Stenöken med saltdammar
Det finns få sevärdheter på Sal som egentligen mest av allt liknar en stenöken. En guide med rastaflätor tar oss nästa dag med på en skumpande tur i en minibuss längs närmast obefintliga vägar. I byn Palmerias hamn hörs kvinnor sjunga från ett litet kapell medan fiskebåtarna lägger till med morgonens fångst. Strax intill hamnen byggs en tonfiskfabrik och intill den står två vindmöllor som alstrar elektricitet – en genial idé på Kap Verde där passadvinden från Sahara fläktar oavbrutet.






Vid lagunen i Buracona slår vågorna in mot klipporna med en sådan kraft att vattnet blir skummande vitt. De våghalsiga kryper fram till hål i marken för att ta en bild av ljusfenomenet "det blå ögat" sju, åtta meter ner. Men se upp! Här finns inga skyddsanordningar. Den som till äventyrs trillar ner kan inte ta sig upp igen. Strax kommer nästa våg och vispar med sig allt som finns i grottan.


Efter en fikapaus hos krögaren Mateus Nunes bror, på en uteservering i staden Espargos, väntar saltdammarna i en krater vid Pedra Lume. Här utvanns salt ur havsvattnet förr och av det fick ön sitt namn. I dag lönar det sig bättre att låta turisterna bada i de saltmättade dammarna. Det är en upplevelse men se upp med småsår. Saltvattnet svider och det är långt till den enda duschen som dessutom kostar en slant.

Utmärkt inrikesflyg mellan öarna
Kap Verde har ett väl fungerande inrikesflyg mellan öarna. São Tiago, vars befolkning är mer afrikansk, består mest av berg och sten. Här slår havet oftare in mot svarta klippor än mot sandstränder. Ön bjuder emellertid också på några grönskande palm- och bananodlingar likaväl som en spännande historia.




Slavskeppen lastades om i Ribeira Grande
Fiskebyn Cicade Velha minner om de första portugisiska bosättarna som på 1460-talet grundade staden Ribeira Grande vid foten av ett berg på vars topp fästningen São Filipe numera ligger i ruiner. Här pågick slavhandeln mer eller mindre ostört tills den förbjöds efter amerikanska inbördeskriget 1865. Då hade även fransmän och britter varit här och snott åt sig av kakan. Mot vapen, rom och andra åtråvärda varor i lasten kom de hit och bytte till sig infångade afrikaner. Ön fungerade som omlastningsstation för slavskepp på väg till Amerika. Här fick de svagaste slavarna tillfälligt komma iland och äta upp sig inför den sex veckor långa överfarten.





Sverige och svenskarna hade dessvärre också intressen i slavhandeln genom såväl Afrikanska som Västindiska kompaniet. På National Maritime Museum i huvudstaden Praia på São Tiago finns fler än 800 kopparplåtar slagna i Sverige åren 1644-1759. De kommer från ett danskt Danish East Indiaman-skepp som under befäl av Earl Ernest Schimmermann förliste norr om ön Maio på sin väg till Kina den 24 april 1781. Skeppet hittades för bara nio år sedan. Biskopen på Maio har byggt en liten kyrka av svarteken från båten medan lasten alltså har hamnat på museum.
– Det finns fortfarande svenska kopparplåtar kvar på havsbottnen där skeppet förliste, säger museimannen. Dykningar pågår för fullt. Hans museum ruvar på flera ovärderliga skatter. I en pappkartong ligger exempelvis Afrikas förste biskop om än i delar och något intorkad form. Han vårdas emellertid ömt av personalen.


Svensk hjälp med kulturhus
Medan slavhandeln pågick i Ribeira Grande grundades Afrikas första biskopssäte där 1523
- samma år som Gustav Vasa blev kung här hemma. Ribeira Grande övergavs efter upprepade piratattacker och är numera bara den lilla fiskebyn Cicade Velha. På torget står en kopia av pålen vid vilken slavar förr bands fast och pryglades till allmän beskådan. Strax intill ligger ett rekonstruerat 500 år gammalt kvarter med pittoreska kulturhus längs kullerstensgatorna Rua de Banana och Rua Correia. Amigos de Cabo Verde, en svensk vänförening från Mälarhöjden, har finansierat en del av restaureringsarbetet.




Färgstarkt folkvimmel
Marknaden i huvudstaden Praia på São Tiago bjuder på färgstarkt folkmyller. Mest iögonfallande är fisk- och köttmarknaden där varorna exponeras under bar himmel.


Kunderna klämmer på köttstyckena med smutsiga fingrar och flugorna flockas. Stora säckar med söt, krossad majs lockar till sig öns alla getingar. Vissa säljare tigger pengar och karameller. Somliga vänder sig bort för att slippa vara med på bild. Andra ler med stora, vita tänder och ber att få bli fotograferade en gång till.
 
 
Fiskebyn Tarrafal
Den som i lokalbuss vill ta sig tvärs över ön till fiskebyn Tarrafal får skumpa fram längs kullerstensvägar genom ett hopplöst torrt ökenlandskap inramat av dramatiska klippformationer. Den lilla hamnen lockar med en inbjudande sandstrand med vajande palmer och möjlighet till såväl fiske som vattensporter. Ovanför ligger värdshuset där gruppen Pó di Terra åtminstone den här dagen bjuder på traditionell dans och musik. Lammgrytan är god men tanken på de surrande flugorna på köttmarknaden i Praia dämpar aptiten.
Den långsamma dödens läger
Ett stenkast från Tarrafal ligger Chao Bom eller "Den långsamma dödens läger". Straffkolonin byggdes 1936 och användes av portugiserna under Salazardiktaturen. Oppositionella befrielseledare, poeter och författare spärrades in i långa baracker med vakttorn och tortyrkammare som ännu finns kvar. Guiden berättar om fångarna som tvingades stå packade som sillar medan solen brände hål i deras huvuden genom hål i taken. Invånarna i Tarrafal visste vad som pågick och kunde ibland smuggla in mat till fångarna. När straffkolonin upphörde 1974 strömmade folk till från hela ön för att storma lägret som numera alltså är museum.
 
 
Diplomatkvarteren i Praia på São Tiago
Hotell Praiamar ligger vackert vid havet i Praias mer välbesuttna diplomatkvarter. På området finns swimmingpool, jacuzzi, gym och fitness, barer och en stor restaurang. Den som vill kan pröva nationalrätten Cachupa, en slags soppa på böner, majs, morötter, kål tomater och om det finns, korv, kyckling eller bacon. Den värms upp efterhand tills den mer liknar en inte alltför välsmakande gröt. Fisk och skaldjur är därför att föredra. Det inhemska ölet Cristal är gott och kaffet en riktig hit. På Kap Verde finns gott om espressomaskiner.
 
 
Förtagare i sand och sten
Bofasta svenskar kan räknas på ena handens fingrar. På São Tiago bor emellertid Birger Palmqvist från Munkedal sedan början av 90-talet. Hans företag därhemma hade gjort sitt och fyllda 40 år var han för gammal för den svenska arbetsmarknaden, tyckte han. På Kap Verde var hans kunskaper och entreprenörsanda värda sin vikt i guld.
– Jag valde mellan sten, källvatten och toalettpapper, säger han en kväll över en kall öl på hotell Praiamar. Resultatet blev en stenkross som sedan dess har gett arbete åt 27 personer.
Nu har han spanat in Mauritanien på afrikanska fastlandet som inte har någon sten. Där finns emellertid sand som Kap Verde lider skriande brist på.
– Framöver blir det export av sten och import av sand, säger Birger.



Mindelo på São VicenteStaden Mindelo vid Porto Grande på ön São Vicente är Kap Verdes vackraste stad präglad av de engelska kolonisterna som kom hit i mitten av 1800-talet för den djupa naturhamnens skull. Än idag är fartygstrafiken livlig i Mindelo som tveklöst också är Kap Verdes

kulturella centrum med en utpräglad kreolsk befolkning. Den portugisiska kulturen är påtaglig i såväl konsten som musiken. Härifrån kommer exempelvis barfotasångerskan Cesaria Evora som har vunnit en hel värld med sin morna som likt den gungande fadon förenar vemod och kraft.
Bra restauranger, nattklubbar och diskotek ligger sida vid sida i hamnkvarteren. Den kreolska musiken ljuder till långt in på småtimmarna från exempelvis Club Nautico. Det är dragspel, fiol, gitarr och cavaquinhon, ett instrument som närmast liknar en ukulele.
Från São Vicente går färjan till Kap Verdes grönaste ö Santo Antão. Den som en gång har tagit sig över bergskammen och kommit in på ön glömmer det aldrig. Ingenstans är Kap Verde så vackert som här.
Det anrika Hotel Porto Grande vid Mindelos vackra torg Praca Nova, där fontänen av naturliga skäl står snustorr, håller hög klass och har pool. Den som vill bada i havet får annars ta sig till Baia das Gatas.



Svenska Harriet i São Pedro
I São Pedro nära flygplatsen där stranden också är fin är strömmarna för starka och mer lämpade för drakflygning och snabb windsurfing. Här bor Harriet Birkhahn från Vasastan i Stockholm i öns vackraste hus, en gul stenvilla av spanskt snitt med generöst tilltagen altan och en stenträdgård anlagd i etager med blommande hibiskus och bougainvillea. Det är möjligt tack vare tankbilen som för Harriets skull letar sig hit med vatten varje vecka.



Harriet kom hit som Röda Kors-syster 1977. Hennes uppgift var att på Kap Verdes alla öar styra upp hälsovården för mödrar och spädbarn. Projektet nådde goda resultat och i dag är barnadödligheten inte större här än den är i Sverige. Harriet förälskade sig i São Pedro. Här finns en undangömd liten vik dit hon och vännerna brukade dra sig undan om helgerna när projektet pågick som bäst.
– Alla tog med sig en maträtt. Vi badade och fiskade med harpun. Harriet byggde sitt hus redan 1991 och när hon för fem år sedan gick i pension, bestämde hon sig för att stanna kvar på ön.
– Naturen här är så fantastisk, säger hon och tar oss med på en tur längs stranden. Vågorna slår in med väldig kraft över svarta klipphällar. Lycklig står hon där medan vattnet skummar omkring henne.
– Ibland är det sand på stranden, säger hon. Ibland är det sten. Det är olika varje gång. Men havets färger är alltid vackra. Varje gång jag kommer hit blir jag lycklig.

Kopiering och eftertryck förbjudet.
Detta material är skyddat enligt lagen om upphovsrätt.
Copyright text och bild: Monica Antonsson
monicaantonsson@telia.com
Proffsbilder till texten finns hos fotograf Per Arvidsson

          Italy: Italy: Unaccompanied And Separated Children (UASC) Dashboard, July 2017        
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Bangladesh, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Gambia, Guinea, Iraq, Italy, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Between 1 January and 31 July 2017, 12,656 unaccompanied and separated children arrived in Italy by sea, representing 13% of all sea arrivals in this period. This proportion is comparable to the first seven months of 2016, when 15% of those arriving by sea were UASC. UASC numbers have slightly decreased compared to last year, when 13,705 UASC arrived in the first seven months of the year.


          Italy: Italy Sea Arrivals Dashboard (January - July 2017)        
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Iraq, Italy, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World

Overview

Between 1 January and 31 July 2017, 95,213 persons arrived in Italy by sea. This is a 2% increase compared to sea arrivals in the same period last year (93,774).

Trends in sea arrivals should be assessed over time, as fluctuations on a monthly basis may be linked to various factors, including weather and sea conditions or the situation in the countries of departure and origin. Geopolitical developments and the capacity of smugglers to organize departures may also affect sea arrivals.


          Budou peníze na hry? Českým olympionikům pomůže i finanční rezerva        
Jen si to zkuste představit. V korejském Pchjongčchangu probíhá 9. února 2018 slavnostní zahájení zimních olympijských her. Po oválu stadionu defilují výpravy více než osmdesáti zemí. Mezi nimi i Senegal, Tonga či Východní Timor. Ale... žádní Češi!
          iPhone in 29 new countries; unlocked in Hong Kong        

Our sister site Engadget reports that Apple is now offering unlocked iPhones in Hong Kong via its online store. HK$5,500 (≈ US$700) will buy you an 8GB model, HK$6,200 (≈ US$800) gets you 16GB.

The Apple Store's terms and conditions limit sales to individuals in Hong Kong only, but who knows what the gray market will bring.

Three Russian carriers will also begin selling unlocked iPhones on October 3, with the 8GB model selling for over US$900.

In related news, 29 new countries will begin selling the iPhone, some today: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela.

[Via IGM.]


           Rapid microsatellite marker development for African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis, Meliaceae) using next-generation sequencing and assessment of its intra-specific genetic diversity         
Karan , M., Evans, D.S., Reilly, D., Schulte, K., Wright, C., Innes, D., Holton, T.A., Nikles, D.G., and Dickinson, G.R. (2012) Rapid microsatellite marker development for African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis, Meliaceae) using next-generation sequencing and assessment of its intra-specific genetic diversity. Molecular Ecology Resources, 12 (2). pp. 344-353.
          Peak White Man        
As published at OpEd News, Unz Review and Intrepid Report, 8/7/17:





In a few hours, I'll fly to Europe, my favorite continent, and why not? Most of my intellectual and artistic heroes are Europeans, Kakfa, Beckmann, Kippenberger, Siebald, Rabelais, Rimbaud, Celine, Orwell, Kundera, Dostoievsky and Milosz, etc. I've spent significant time in Italy, England and Germany, and have fond memories of a least a dozen other European countries, all very distinctive from each other. Still.

White culture has dominated much of the world for several centuries, but it is winding down through self hatred. The white left mostly hate whites, while most of the white right are contemptuous of everybody else. Half of whites, then, hate the other half, and contemporary white culture is a degraded mess. Think Katy Perry being breaded, kneaded, garnished then cooked. Free of war and colonialism, whites are doing a fine job of destroying themselves.

Many are cheering. It's about time! Susan Sontag in 1967, "The white race is the cancer of human history; it is the white race and it alone—its ideologies and inventions—which eradicates autonomous civilizations wherever it spreads, which has upset the ecological balance of the planet, which now threatens the very existence of life itself."

After white hegemony comes Chinese leadership, many whites themselves are hoping. When I was in Leipzig in 2015, a German friend insisted that the Chinese were lifting up the Third World. It was a constructive partnership, he said, unlike murderously exploitative white colonialism. Often citing Andre Vltchek, this man believed that a resurgent Communism would be led by Russia and China. He didn't care for my observation that the Russians and Chinese had regained their footing, confidence and compass thanks to nationalism. Nationalism is reactionary, he believed. He himself didn't feel German and could care less for the concept. Most tellingly, this man had never been outside Germany. He didn't know how grounded to Germany he was.

No population anywhere needs a global ideology. Not only is global solidarity unachievable, but undesirable.

Bereft of a homeland, many Jews dreamt of a international brotherhood, thus the nightmarish chimera of Communism, which is defended to this day by the most emotionally arrested, historically amnesiac or simply hypocritical. Many who extol the virtues of international Communism will also rabidly defend the ultra nationalist and racist state of Israel.

In the popular mind, the evilness of white culture is epitomized by Nazi Germany, with Germans forever stigmatized as the worst of whites. Contemporary Germany, however, is one that supposedly allowed 500+ German women to be sexually assaulted by Muslims in Cologne during New Year's Eve of 2016. Germany is really that neutered, goes the narrative.

Perhaps emboldened by such, Vietnam recently kidnapped a Vietnamese asylum seeker from the Tiergarten, right in the heart of Berlin, then smuggled him back to Hanoi to stand trial. A former head of the state-owned oil company, Trinh Xuan Thanh is accused of pinching $150 million. Maybe Turkey will follow suit and snatch a few of Edorgan's enemies?

I'll be in Barcelona by morning. Emerging from the train onto the Placa de Catalunya in 2003, I encountered so many Africans and Chinese peddling goods, I thought I was in, well, Naples or Belleville in Paris. My mind has been in Spain for weeks. Reading Spanish newspapers, I learnt that a Senegalese had been beaten to death by four other Africans in Salou, just a 15 minute drive from Taragona, where I'll be staying with Jonathan Revusky.

In Salou in 2015, a Senegalese peddler of pirated DVDs, counterfeit sunglasses and fake handbags jumped to his death from a third floor balcony as police raided his apartment. This led to two days of clashes between 100+ Senegalese and police.

In Florence more than a decade ago, I often ran into Africans selling bogus goods made by Chinese, often in nearby Prato. With a population of 191,104, it has 45,000 Chinese.

Taragona and Bacerlona Provinces are 10% Muslims, the highest in Spain. In Reus, a law was passed in 2014 banning burquas. When it was struck down by the Spanish Supreme Court, this code was revised to ban all full-face coverings, so you best not loiter in the Reus McDonald's while wearing a motorcycle helmet, baclava or facekini.

I read that in Pizarra, population 8,990, a three-year-old girl was hit by a train. What's most remarkable is that as news of her disappearance spread around midnight, 300 locals immediately volunteered to search for her. That's the kind of small town Europe I remember, having spent two years in Certaldo, Italy, population 16,000.

You see, where every stone tells a story, people are ardently loyal to their home turf. Shared history matters. Strip malls don't. Europe will only be saved if the American empire, with its corrosive ideologies and madnesses, collapses, and this will happen soon enough. There is hope.





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          WHO director speaks on disease outbreak tactics        

In a recent address to attendees of the high-level conference in Lyon, France, World Health Organization (WHO) Director-General Dr. Margaret Chan discussed how states can unite under International Health Regulations (IHR).

Referencing the recent Ebola outbreak and its devastation followed by the Zika virus, Dr. Chan said the world is ever-changing, creating new environments for health threats to evolve.

Dr. Chan stated that the key to better combating these outbreaks involved enabling countries to follow International Health Regulations. In addition, she suggested that countries forming alliances need to perform standardized tests to identify and track diseases and possible outbreaks that threaten global health.

Furthermore, technology is vital for a quick diagnosis -- as noted in the Ebola outbreaks in Nigeria, Senegal, and Mali, where Ebola was kept from spreading.

All together, Dr. Chan feels extremely positive about the future of IHR implementation and what the global health community can accomplish.


          CAN 2012 : a pesar del pitido final, aún queda por ganar el partido contra el hambre en el Sahel        

Se estima que el número de personas que necesita asistencia en la región del Sahel aumenta hasta los 11 millones, por lo que Oxfam advierte de que debe reforzarse la labor humanitaria en las próximas semanas.   

La agencia humanitaria internacional ha elogiado a los futbolistas africanos por unirse al llamamiento a la comunidad internacional para que actúe rápidamente, con el fin de prevenir un empeoramiento de la crisis alimentaria que se avecina la zona.

Con motivo de la Copa Africana de Naciones, estrellas del fútbol de la talla de Moumouni Dagano de Burkina Faso, Demba Ba de Senegal, Seydou Keïta de Malí y Lawali Idrissa de Níger, entre otros,  se han unido a Oxfam para dar más visibilidad a la crisis alimentaria que amenaza la región de África del Oeste, conocida como el Sahel, y, con ello, apoyar la lucha contra el hambre en sus propios países y lograr  salvar vidas y los medios de subsistencia de millones de africanos.   

En un contexto en el que, según  las estimaciones oficiales, el número de personas que necesitará asistencia en los próximos seis meses se acerca a los 11 millones y los recursos necesarios con los que poder dar una respuesta ascienden a 700 millones de euros, Oxfam advierte de que la acción de la comunidad internacional en la región deberá incrementarse.  

Al Hassan Cissé, asesor de Políticas de Seguridad Alimentaria de Oxfam en África del Oeste, ha afirmado: “La potencial dimensión de la crisis que se avecina en el Sahel ya la conocemos, por lo que es ahora el momento de movilizar los recursos para proteger la vida y el sustento de millones de personas y proteger a los niños de la desnutrición. Cada mes de retraso se traducirá en un empeoramiento de la situación para las comunidades más vulnerables y conllevará el aumento del coste de la respuesta. Aunque apreciamos señales alentadoras de algunos donantes aportando ya fondos, se necesita mucha más ayuda si actuamos acorde con la dimensión y la velocidad requeridas  para evitar lo peor”.

La semana pasada la Comisión Europea aumentó su aportación para ayuda humanitaria en la región a 123,5 millones de euros y Alemania anunció un nuevo apoyo de 12 millones de euros, así como  Australia, con  8 millones de euros. Otras promesas de ayuda, también aplaudidas por Oxfam, han sido anunciadas por países como Francia y Reino Unido, con 17 y 8 millones de euros, respectivamente.

Oxfam está proporcionando agua y saneamiento, así como un apoyo esencial para proteger los medios de vida de las comunidades afectadas por la situación en todo el Sahel, incluyendo a los refugiados de Malí en Níger que han huido del conflicto en su país durante la semana pasada.

Cuando la Copa Africana de Naciones ha llegado a su final y la situación en la región amenaza con empeorar, los futbolistas siguen manifestando su apoyo para ganar el partido  contra la hambre. Demba Ba jugador del equipo senegalés, y del equipo de Newcastle United, ha señalado: "Es nuestro deber  comprometernos para garantizar que el hambre no sea una opción en el siglo XXI. Todos nosotros tenemos que actuar con determinación y coraje para defender a nuestros hermanos y hermanas a lo largo y ancho del Sahel”.

La crisis que se avecina en esta zona africana se debe principalmente a las bajas precipitaciones, que provocaron una caída del 25% en la producción de cereales en la última cosecha, así como a la subida del precio de los alimentos, que ha sido de hasta un 90 por ciento si se compara con el promedio de los últimos cinco años.

El Sahel es una región crónicamente vulnerable a las amenazas externas, como la sequía. Ante este contexto, Oxfam demanda inversiones a largo plazo para incrementar la resiliencia de las comunidades para que puedan hacer frente a las malas temporadas, con el fin de prevenir futuras crisis.

Más información

La respuesta de Oxfam ante la crisis alimentaria en el Sahel

Spanish
Pull quotes: 
Cada mes de retraso se traducirá en un empeoramiento de la situación para las comunidades más vulnerables y conllevará el aumento del coste de la respuesta
Quotee's organisation: 
Asesor de Políticas de Seguridad Alimentaria de Oxfam en África del Oeste
Notas a los editores: 

Imágenes : http://www.flickr.com/photos/letstacklehunger/
En caso de utilizar las imágenes, por favor mencionar Oxfam en los créditos.

Web de la campaña de la región del Sahel. 
http://www.letstacklehunger.org 
http://www.taclonslafaim.org

Videos disponibles en inglés:

  • Video Sahel (4 teams): http://bit.ly/zn5vhU
  • Video Etalons Burkina Faso: http://youtu.be/ofnsnjosDEw
  • Video Aigles du Mali: http://bit.ly/zLxkxq
  • Video MENA Niger: http://bit.ly/w2GMnK
  • Video Lions Senegal: http://bit.ly/zEMrhM
  • Video Demba Ba et Armand Traoré http://bit.ly/zBwDnl
Contacto para medios: 

Charles Bambara - Sénégal (Dakar): cbambara@oxfam.org.uk - +221 77 639 4178

Irina Fuhrman - Mauritanie ifuhrmann@intermonoxfam.org - +222 48021965

Ian Bray - Oxford - ibray@oxfam.org.uk +44 (0)7721 461339

Magali Rubino - Paris - mrubino@oxfamfrance.org +33 630466604

Space only: 
Quotee: 
Al Hassan Cissé

          Copa Africana de Naciones: 25 futbolistas se unen a Oxfam para ganar el partido al hambre        

A pocas horas del inicio de la CAN, Copa Africana de Naciones 2012, los futbolistas Seydou Keita de Mali, Charles Kaboré de Burkina Faso, Demba Bâ de Senegal y Lawali Idrissa de Níger y sus compañeros de equipo se solidarizan con los millones de personas que se enfrentan al hambre en la región del Sahel. Los futbolistas hacen un llamamiento a la comunidad internacional, convencidos de que “Juntos podemos ganar el partido al hambre”.

Los equipos de Burkina Faso, Mali, Níger y Senegal, determinados a hacerse con la victoria y compartirla con sus seguidores y sus naciones, piden a los gobiernos y a la comunidad internacional que muestren igual determinación para proteger a esta misma población de la crisis alimentaria que amenaza la región. En el Sahel, millones de personas, entre ellos un millón de niños y niñas, tendrán que hacer frente a una grave crisis si no se reacciona rápidamente.

Los futbolistas de los cuatro equipos de los países sahelianos que participan en la CAN han realizado un video y una serie de fotografías con la ONG internacional Oxfam y sus socios locales, en las que solicitan que se actúe de forma inmediata para poder salvar miles de vidas. Las imágenes serán difundidas por distintos medios de comunicación durante la competición.

La crisis se puede explicar por el descenso en la pluviometría en 2011 que ha provocado la caída en un 25% de la cantidad cosechada -comparado con el año anterior-  y por el contexto global de alza de precios de los alimentos, que en algunas regiones han llegado a duplicarse. En Mauritania, Chad o Níger, se empiezan a observar desplazamientos de la población y de los pastores en búsqueda de pasto para el ganado.

La estrella del futbol maliense, el jugador del FC Barcelona Seydou Keita ha dicho:  “Reaccionando a tiempo, podremos impedir que la crisis afecte a muchas personas, entre ellas numerosas mujeres, quiénes normalmente son las primeras víctimas de las crisis alimentarias. También podremos ayudar a millones de niños y niñas evitando que caigan en la malnutrición y dándoles la oportunidad de crecer con buena salud y una educación sólida”.

La última crisis en la región que data de 2010 afectó a 10 millones de personas. La petición que hacen los jugadores de futbol llega tras las declaraciones de los responsables políticos y gubernamentales, que en Chad, Níger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania y Mali se han comprometido a desarrollar y aplicar planes nacionales de urgencia en colaboración con la ayuda internacional.

Todavía se puede salvar a la población, según el portavoz de Oxfam Eric Hazard “A pesar de que la situación en el Sahel es grave, aún estamos a tiempo de evitar lo peor. Si comparamos con años anteriores, esta vez las informaciones han llegado meses antes de que la crisis se establezca, lo que significa que podemos actuar ahora mismo para salvar vidas y proteger los recursos de la población. En este sentido, aplaudimos el compromiso de los futbolistas en África, quienes apelando a una acción urgente para “Ganar el combate contra el hambre”, reafirman su solidaridad con sus naciones.

Más información

Informe (en inglés): Escaping the Hunger Cycle: Pathways to resilience in the Sahel

La respuesta de Oxfam ante la crisis alimentaria en el Sahel

Spanish
Main picture: 
Moussa Sow y Armand Traoré, de Senegal. Foto: Oxfam
Pull quotes: 
Reaccionando a tiempo, podremos impedir que la crisis afecte a muchas personas, entre ellas numerosas mujeres, quiénes normalmente son las primeras víctimas de las crisis alimentarias.
Quotee's organisation: 
Futbolista, FC Barcelona
Notas a los editores: 
  • Link a las fotos: http://www.flickr.com/photos/letstacklehunger/ - Mención de crédito © Fotos Oxfam al publicarlas
  • Web sobre la campaña en la región del Sahelhttp://www.letstacklehunger.org / http://www.taclonslafaim.org
  • Equipos y futbolistas participantes en la campaña: LES AIGLES DU MALI : Seydou Keita (Barcelona, España), Mahamane Traore (Metz), Cédric Kanté (Panathinakos, Grèce), Drissa Diakite (Nice), Modibo Maiga (Sochaux), LES ETALONS du BURKINA FASO : Charles Kaboré (OM)- Alain Traoré (AJ Auxerre)- Moumouni Dagano , Capitaine (Al-Khor Sports Club)- Jonathan Pitroipa (Stade rennais FC)- Bertrand Traoré (Chelsea) Les MENA du NIGER: Lawali Idrissa, capitaine (AS FAN)- Kamilou Daouda (Sfax)- Boubacar Talatou (Orlando Pirates) LES LIONS DE LA TERANGA, SENEGAL : Mamadou Niang (capitaine)  Turquie , Fenerbahçe - Demba Bâ (Grande Bretagne , New Castle)- Moussa Sow (France, Lille)  - Amara Traoré (coach), Ablaye Sarr (coach adjoint)- Jacques Faty  (Turquie, club Sivasspor )- Omar Daff (France, Stade Brestois)  -  Souleymane Diawara (France, OM)  - Armand Traoré  (Grande Bretagne, Queens Park Rangers Football Club )- Lamine Sané (France, Bordeaux)- Rémi Gomis (France, FC Valenciennes)  - Souleymane Camara (France, Montpellier HSC)
Contacto para medios: 

Contactos para medios:

  • Charles Bambara (Dakar): cbambara@oxfam.org.uk / +221 77 639 4178
  • Irina Fuhrman (Ouagadougou): ifuhrmann@intermonoxfam.org / +226 75420508
  • Anna Ridout (Oxford): aridout@oxfam.org.uk / +44 (0)7766 443506
  • Magali Rubino (Paris): mrubino@oxfamfrance.org / +33 630466604
  • Mahmat Ibrahim Saleh (N’Djamena): medmgrtd@intermonoxfam.org / + 235 6620 2845
  • Patrick Ezeala (Dakar): PEzeala@OxfamAmerica.org / + 221 33 869 0290
Space only: 
Regions and Countries: 
Summary picture: 
Armand Traore se une al partido contra el hambre. Foto: Oxfam
Quotee: 
Seydou Keita

          New African Woman Forum        

The New African Woman Forum Where: Terroubi Dakar, Boulevard Martin Luther King, Dakar, Senegal When:  Wed, 12 Apr 2017, 18:00 – Thu, 13 Apr 2017, 18:00 The New African Woman Forum believes that the key to Africa’s development is harnessing the energy and creativity of Africans. As one of the fastest growing developing regions in the […]


          Our ongoing commitment to support computer science educators in Europe        

The need for employees with computer science (CS) and coding skills is steadily increasing in Europe—by 4 percent every year between 2006 and 2016 according to DigitalEurope.  But educators are struggling to keep up with the demand, often because they lack the professional development, confidence and resources to successfully teach their students. 

Because of these challenges, we’re working to increase the availability of quality computer science education and access to CS skills by empowering CS teachers globally. We’ve recently launched new support in Europe, the Middle East and Africa through CS4HS, a program to fund universities and nonprofits designing and delivering rigorous computer science professional development for teachers.

We’re excited to be working with 79 organizations worldwide, and 28 in the EMEA region, who are committed to increasing the technical and teaching skills of educators, and building communities of ongoing learning. We believe that these organizations are committed to delivering high-quality teacher professional development programs with a deep impact in their local community and a strong potential to increase their reach.

Classroom image

Growing the community of computer science educators  

Over the past 10 years, CS4HS has contributed $10 million to professional development (PD) providers around the world to help develop and empower teachers—like Catrobat, a non-profit initiative based at Graz University of Technology in Austria who created a free online course for students and teachers, and the University of Wolverhampton, who created a free MOOC to empower teachers of computing to teach programming in the new computing syllabuses in England, among others.

We’re excited to support new and future CS educators around the world. Even though computer science is a relatively new discipline for most schools, the enthusiasm is growing and teachers have a critical role to play in fueling their students’ interest and participation. These grants will help universities and nonprofits reach educators with PD opportunities that enhance their CS and technical skills development, improve their confidence in the classroom, and provide leadership training so that they can be advocates for CS education in their communities.

2017 awardees in EMEA

Asociatia Techsoup Romania

Ideodromio, Cyprus

Università degli Studi di Milano, Dipartimento di Informatica, Italy

Lithuanian Computer Society

Dublin City University, Ireland

Adam Mickiewicz University, Poland

EduACT, Greece

Graz University of Technology, Austria

University of Ljubljana, Slovenia

Asociatia Tech Lounge, Romania

Association Rural Internet Access Points, Lithuania

University of Wolverhampton, UK

Universidad de Granada, Spain

University UMK Toruń, Poland

Hasselt University, Belgium

Jednota školských informatiků, Czech Republic

University of Lille - Science and Technology, France

University of Roehampton, UK

University of Urbino, Italy

ETH Zürich, Switzerland

Vattenhallen Science Center, Lund University, Sweden

University College of Applied Sciences, Palestine

Hapa Foundation, Ghana

Let’s Get Ready, Cameroon

Swaziland Foundation for STEM Education

Laikipia University, Kenya

Mobile4Senegal

Peo Ya Phetogo in partnership with University of the Western Cape & Mozilla Foundation, South Africa

To discover more about CS opportunities near you, explore our educator resources, student programs and resources, and tools.



          Best Of: Restaurants        
I have had a lot of great experiences eating out these last few years, and it's difficult to winnow this list down as well.  What were my favorite eating out experiences during The Baltimore Snacker?  Well, I could not list all of them, but I tried to list about 20-to-30-ish in the Baltimore area (plus a handful of others elsewhere).  They're in alphabetical order by type of cuisine, and I try to do one of each type of eating establishment for variety.  Also note: yes, I am missing a lot of places, in a lot of neighborhoods.  This reflects my favorites.  That doesn't mean yours isn't any good.  Believe you me, I may not have even gotten to eat at your favorite in all the years I've been writing this blog.

Favorite African: Dukem (Ethiopian - Mount Vernon, with another location in Washington, DC; featured in the post "Dukem #2", published December 17, 2006) - Always a good place for some filling beef wot and lamb fitfit.  Get an Ethiopian lager or stout while you're at it.
  • Honorable mention: The Yabba Pot (vegan/soul food - Station North/Charles Village - apparently it's now closed); Peju's Kitchen & Lounge (Nigerian / West African / Caribbean - Woodlawn); I'm still meaning to try Tam Tam (Senegalese - Rosebank) on York Road.

Favorite African-American/Southern/Barbecue: TIE: Reginald F. Lewis Museum Café (Little Italy/Downtown - first featured in the post "Not a Festival - Reginald F. Lewis Museum", published July 10, 2007) and Miss Shirley's (various locations and food truck - first featured in the post "Food Truck Fight!!!!!", published June 26, 2012) - The café at the Reginald F. Lewis Museum of Maryland African-American History is one of the best museum cafés I've ever eaten at: some of the tastiest fried catfish and macaroni and cheese in the area.  As for Miss Shirley's, they have lovely grits, especially with the unexpected addition of mascarpone.  Fascinating.
  • Honorable mention: Andy Nelson's BBQ Restaurant (Cockeysville - surprising enough, I've never blogged about this one either); Blacksauce Kitchen (food truck, often at Waverly farmer's market - not blogged about this one either.  I'm slackin'...)
Favorite American/Eclectic/"New American" (the last of which could be anything really, since nobody knows what the hell it means): The Food Market (Hampden - first featured in the post "The Food Market in Hampden") - Chef Chad Gauss used to be at the City Café, which had some wonderful food while he was there.  Sure the food there is still pretty good, but Gauss definitely took the best stuff with him to his new Hampden location.  It's pricey and super-busy, so go on a weeknight, preferably during Restaurant Week.
  • Honorable mention: City Café (Mount Vernon); Owl Bar (Mount Vernon); Mount Vernon Stable (Mount Vernon); Rocket 2 Venus (Hampden)
Favorite Baked Goods: Iced Gems Baking (cupcakes - Reisterstown & food truck; first featured in the post "Iced Gems Baking", published May 13, 2010) - Love their English rose cupcakes - with real rosewater, I might add - and their vanilla chocolate, chocolate vanilla and vanilla vanilla offerings.
Favorite Brewpub: Heavy Seas Alehouse (Little Italy - first featured in the post "Random Bites: December Edition", published December 26, 2012) - My sister and her husband just loved this place when they stopped here from Savannah over Christmas.  So many good recommendations from the waitstaff, and so many good beers, made right in Halethorpe, I might add.

Favorite Burger: Alonso's (Roland Park; first featured in the post "Exit 25: MD-139 (Charles Street, to area colleges)", published February 22, 2008) - This was a tough one to winnow down, and the ones in the "Honorable Mention" category were justthisclose to being at the top.  But I have to go with the easy choice: their one pound burger is definitely one to take home and finish later, but it's still a yummy burger.
  • Honorable mention: So, sooooo many: City Café (Mount Vernon); Gino's (Towson); Marie Louise Bistro (Mount Vernon); Owl Bar (Mount Vernon); Shake Shack (various locations, including Upper West Side, Manhattan, New York, and Downtown, Washington, DC); Sláinte (Fells Point)
Favorite Candies: Rheb's Candies (Violetville; first featured in the post "Rheb's Candies", published December 8. 2007) - Family lore has it that my grandmother worked there for a short time in the 50's.  Such wonderful candies they have there, all homemade, hon.
Favorite Central Asian/Middle Eastern: The Helmand (Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "The Helmand", published September 23, 2006) - I wasn't sure how to formulate this category.  Where to put the Helmand: South Asian?  Central Asian?  I settled on this.  Or I could just create a category just for Baltimore's favorite Afghan restaurant.  Wonderful pilau, shawerma and my favorite dish of course, the kaddo borawni.  This was the second restaurant I ever blogged about, by the way.
Favorite Chinese (Americanized or otherwise): TIE - Asian Court (Ellicott City - first featured in the post "Asian Court", October 1, 2011) and Golden Gate (Catonsville/Arbutus - first featured in the post "Exits 12B-C - MD-372 (Wilkens Ave., East and West)", published September 12, 2007) - Asian Court is one of the few (but becoming more common) places to find food that would be recognizable as "Chinese food" in China.  Wonderful dim sum.  Golden Gate is a more Americanized Chinese place, with the reliable old orange chicken (my favorite of theirs), though they, too, are starting to make more "Chinese Chinese" dishes available to the public.
Favorite Crab Cake: G & M (Linthicum; first featured in the post "G & M", published April 5, 2007) - Yes, I went there.  I chose a favorite crab cake place.  I've had other good ones in this city but there's a reason why G & M keeps making Top 5 lists all over Bawlmer: big ass crabcake with so little filler it'll amaze you how they got it so big.  Complete with cole slaw and those bright red pickled apple slices that are so ubiquitous in Charm City.
  • Honorable mention: Faidley's (Lexington Market); Lansdowne Inn (Lansdowne - No, it's not the best crab cake, but it holds a very special place for me since my father often walked there from the house to get himself and Mom crab cakes.  Again, not the best crab cake in the area, but they are a sentimental favorite of mine.  Plus we held Dad's wake there after his funeral.  We had spaghetti that time though.  Again, sentimental favorite.).  
  • Avoid: Royal Farms Crab Cake (seriously, Royal Farms?)
Favorite Deli: Attman's Delicatessen (Little Italy/Corned Beef Row - first featured in the post "Trekkin' around Little Italy and Corned Beef Row", published October 13, 2008) - A Bawlmer institution that I've been lucky to know since childhood, when my father would drag my sister and I there to get a few pounds of kosher dogs, lots of bologna and corned beef.  Oooooh, I can still taste it.
Favorite Diner: Towson Diner (Towson - first featured in the post "Exit 26A and B: MD-45 (York Road, to Lutherville and Towson)", published March 6, 2008) - Snappy, friendly service and good, filling pancakes, Reubens and the like.  Still haven't ventured to try the mile-high cakes yet.  So much cake.

Favorite Farmers' Market / Local Food (Farm-Affiliated) Store: 32nd Street Farmers' Market (Waverly; first featured in the post "Waverly Farmers' Market", published June 7, 2008) - Open every Saturday (except, maybe, in a snowpocalypse), they've got good stuff there - not just the myriad of fresh veggies and fruit but so much more!  Everything from buffalo (Gunpowder Bison) to meat pies (Curry Shack) to milk, butter and so on (South Mountain Creamery).
Favorite Gay/Lesbian Bar: The Club Hippo (bar/gay & lesbian - Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "The Hippo", published October 11, 2006) - With a wide selection of beers on tap (DeClaw, Dogfish, New Belgium, Leininkugel, Shiner, Natty Boh, all the usual suspects) plus a big dance floor (that I never use 'cuz I can't dance, and don't ask me) that doubles as the scene for many a drag or leather competition, this is my go-to place in Mount Vernon.  See it fill up Monday nights for RuPaul's Drag Race or Wednesday nights for BINGO!
  • Honorable mention: Grand Central (across the street - are we really everywhere or just at the corner of Charles and Eager?); Nellie's Sports Bar (Shaw/U Street, Washington, DC); DC Eagle (Washington, DC)
Favorite Hot Dog: Haute Dog Carte (hot dogs - Mount Washington; first featured in the post "Haute Dog Carte", published September 3, 2010) - Hands down.  Just the "regular" dog is special enough, but those special dogs?  Oh my.
  • Honorable mention: Ann's Dari-Creme (Glen Burnie); Weenie World (Dundalk - now closed) 
Favorite Indian/South Asian: Indigma (Mount Vernon; first featured in the post "Indigma", published September 2, 2007) - Oh, this was a tough one.  There are so many good Indian places in and around Baltimore these days it's difficult to choose.  But you gotta hand it to Indigma: they suffered a massive fire and bounced back bigger than ever.  Their buffet is one of the most interesting, though not terribly pricier than the others.

Favorite Irish Pub: Sláinte Pub (pub/Irish - Fells Point; first featured in the post "Sláinte Pub and the Amazing Last Minute Goal", published June 23, 2010) - Yes I go there for the soccer.  And I stay there for the food (Irish bibimbap and Friday $1 oysters, anyone?  Plus their fish and chips are definitely worth a look or two) and the Guinness.  They do have other beers, too.

Favorite Italian (non-pizza): TIE: Sotto Sopra (Italian/Sardinian - Downtown; first featured in the post "Sotto Sopra", published June 13, 2008) and Chiapparelli's (Little Italy - last featured in the post "Tidbits: Boys of Summer Edition", published August 29, 2010) - Have had very good service in both places.  At Sotto Sopra the food is real Sardinian home cookin'.  Can't afford Opera Night, but I try to eat cheap anyway.  Chiapparelli's for Restaurant Week is also a beautiful thing.
Favorite Japanese: Minato (Japanese - Mount Vernon; featured several times, including "Minato the Threequel", published September 1, 2007) - My go-to place for sushi and friendly service.  Their Maryland roll is fascinating, especially on $7 special maki roll night.  Try not to miss happy hour.

Favorite Korean: Jong Kak (Korean - Koreatown/Charles Village; first published in the post "Jong Kak", published April 20, 2008) - My friends and I don't even have to say where when one of us suggests "Korean".  The barbecue is always filling and flavorful, the pajeon never too greasy, and the panchan goes well with a nice crisp bottle of Hite beer.
Favorite Local Grocery Store, Hon, Ethnic or Otherwise: Geresbeck's (supermarket - Middle River; first featured in the post "A Dangerous Love Affair with Geresbeck's Bakery", published October 18, 2007) - Their cakes are just wonderful, and the smearcase is legendary.  And don't forget some chocolate top cookies.  Yes, I'm specifically raving about their bakery here.  Yum.

Favorite Mexican: TIE: El Nayar (Catonsville and Elkridge - first featured in the post "El Nayar", published June 16, 2009) and R&R Taquería (Jessup/Elkridge - first featured in the post "Random Bites: December Edition", published December 26, 2012) - It's tough to find authentic Mexican in this area, but thankfully it's becoming easier!  El Nayar's taco plate is some of the more authentic I've had in the area, while R&R has the best cochinita pibil in Baltimore hands down.
Favorite Pit Beef: Chaps Pit Beef (Armistead Gardens/Hopkins Bayview - I have not yet blogged about this, though watch this weekend) - Yes, we should bow to the king here - Chaps Pit Beef is a local legend, and it should be: wide selection of pit beef and BBQ, though I have to zero in on the pit beef.  Just plop some horseradish and "tiger sauce" on it and a little bit of hots.  Woh-ho-ho. Lansdowne is really getting built up these days.  But right near the new Wal-Mart and the Home Depot is a long-standing SoWeBaltCo (Did I just make up a new term?) tradition: that wonderful little pit beef truck with juicy pit beef and lots of horseradish and barbecue sauce to go with.  If only I was in the area more often when it's there.
Favorite Pizza/Pizza and Subs: Vito's Pizza (Cedarcroft/Lake Walker; first featured in the post "Vito's Pizza", published April 8, 2009) - Good pizza of all kinds, since the owner - from Naples - knows what he's doing.  Delicious.
  • Honorable mention: Pasta Mista (various locations, including Canton and Towson - New Yorkers who live down here swear by it); Iggie's (Mount Vernon)
Favorite Tapas/Small Plates: 13.5% Wine Bar (Hampden; first featured in the post "13.5% Wine Bar", published August 24, 2009) - A job hunt at the time didn't deter me from one of my favorite Hampden eateries.  Their wall o' wine is intimidating unless you just stick to cocktails or beer.  They have wonderful selections of cheese, pizzas and many different finger foods. 
  • Honorable mention: Tapas Teatro (Station North/Charles Village - this was, in fact, the very first restaurant I ever blogged about).  
  • Avoid: La Tasca (Inner Harbor- warmed-over frozen mixed veggies from a bag - yum.  Easily the most bleh, half-assed tapas I have ever had.  But that's what I get for eating at a chain restaurant in the most touristy part of the city)
Favorite Thai: Thai Restaurant (Waverly; first featured in the post "Thai Restaurant", published April 14, 2010) - the fried crab wings (yes, crab wings) alone are reason to go there.  The pad thai is good but explore their many other offerings, will ya?
Favorite Vegetarian/Vegan: Mango Grove (Columbia; first featured in the post "Mango Grove", published February 16, 2008) - It's not often I will go out of my way to eat vegetarian food, but when I do, I prefer Mango Grove.  Two words: bread pakora.  And the dosa?  Lovely.


Favorite Vietnamese: Pho Miss Saigon (Glen Burnie - first featured in the post "Exit 3B - MD 2 South (Ritchie Hwy to Glen Burnie)", published June 11, 2007) - Good filling phò and not that pricey.

Favorite Wine/Beer/Liquor Store: The Wine Source (Hampden; featured several times, including "Baltimore Beer Week Continues...", published October 14, 2009, "Get this wine - but I DARE you to close it back up!", published July 14, 2008), and "Sake, Sake Everywhere (Post #999)", April 17, 2009) - They have always been so knowledgeable about any wine that this non-wine person might ask about.  Wondrous selection of beers, too.  Also sample the cheese and charcuterie section while you're there.
Also worth noting...


Favorite Dearly Departed Restaurant: Zodiac Restaurant (American - Station North [now closed]; last featured in the post "Last Call at the Zodiac", published August 9, 2008) - For a quick bite before a show at the Charles Theatre or (now relocated) Everyman, I loved this place for its goofy decor, its line of vegan desserts and very non-vegan entrées (I so fondly remember their hamburger, and the mashed potatoes even more so), and its apparent hauntings which I had never experienced.  Since they shut down operations in 2008, apparently the Club Charles next door carries some of their same menu offerings.  The Zodiac still exists, though not as a restaurant: it's now a comedy club.  Maybe that ghost is having fun pushing patrons down the stairs again?

Favorite Coddies:  I hate coddies.  Never liked 'em.  I have no favorites.  There, I said it.

And now, just a handful of favorite eats out in other parts of the country and the world...


Aroma (Chinese/Malaysian - Soho, London, England, UK; featured in post "Aroma", published January 6, 2007)

BCD Tofu House (Korean - various locations, including Los Angeles' Koreatown; featured in the post "From Bulgogi Tacos to Avocado Salsa: A Day of Eating in LA", published May 26, 2010)

Bojo (Indonesian - Leidesplein, Amsterdam, Netherlands; featured in post "Amsterdam Trip Part Drie: Little Bites Here and There", published March 25, 2008)


Bool BBQ (Korean/Mexican - food truck, Los Angeles; featured in the post "From Bulgogi Tacos to Avocado Salsa: A Day of Eating in LA", published May 26, 2010)

Casa Maya (Mexican/Yucatecan/Maya - Mentone, California; first featured in the post "Casa Maya", April 7, 2007)

The Castaway Restaurant (American/brunch - San Bernardino, California; first featured in the post "Easter Sunday Eatin' Part 1: Castaway of San Bernardino", published April 9, 2007)

Duplex Diner (American/gay and lesbian - Adams Morgan, Washington, DC; featured in the post "Adams Morgan for Capital Pride", June 17, 2011)


Meskerem (Ethiopian - Washington, DC; first featured in the post "Day at the Smithsonian / Meskerem (or, "Hey, where did all the Ethiopian restaurants go?")", published December 31, 2008)

Moon River Brewing Company (brewpub/American/Southern - Savannah, Georgia; first featured in the post "Georgia on My GPS Part 3: Moon River Brewing Company / Savannah Candy Kitchen", published June 27, 2009)

Pig & Fish (pub/American - Rehoboth Beach, Delaware; first featured in the post "Tidbits: Rehoboth in August Edition", published August 6, 2011)


Rudy's Barbecue (barbecue - Austin, Texas; first featured in the post "Austin City, Unlimited Part I - Of Barbecue and Barbacoa", published June 5, 2012)

Shake Shack (hamburgers/shakes - most locations in New York, New York, with locations in Washington, DC, and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; first featured in the post "Weekend in New York: The Food", published July 17, 2009)


Wagamama (Japanese/ramen - various locations, mostly in the UK and continental Europe, with three stateside locations, all in Boston, Massachusetts; featured in several posts, including "Wedding in Provincetown Part II: Back to Boston", published September 23, 2011)
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 01-08-2016 with DJ Deep Rawk        
Playlist:

Don Costa- A Hazy Shade Of Winter - Instrumental Versions Of Simon And Garfunkel
Archie Shepp Romulus Franceschini- Invocation To Mr Parker - Attica Blues
The Budos Band- Turn And Burn - Burnt Offering
James Brown- Spinning Wheel - Sex Machine
- voicebreak -
Clarence Williams Blue Five Feat Eva Taylor- Red Hot Flo From Kokomo Jazz Vampires DJ Jazzy Jeff Remix - Boardwalk Empire Presents Sounds Of The Onyx
DrJohn- Ice Age - Locked Down
Nu- Our Theory - Nublu Records Compilation
Nostalgia 77- An Angel With No Halo - An Angel With No Halo EP
Sixtoo- Camino - Duration
Charles Bradley- Hurricane feat Menahan Street Band - Victim Of Love
David Axlerod- Pt 2 - A New Sack Of Soul
Falty DL- The Sale Ends - Atlantis
Micranots- Exodus - Obelisk Movements
A Tribe Called Quest- Bonita Applebum - Peoples Instinctive Travels And The Paths Of Rhythm 25th Anniversary Edition
Solange And Blood Orange- Losing You - True
- voicebreak -
Four Tet- Plastic People - There Is Love In You
St Germain- Family Tree - St Germain
Numbers- We Like Having These Things - Numbers Life
The Sugarman Three- What The World Needs Now - What The World Needs Now
Wavves- Demon To Lean On - Afraid Of Heights
Orchestre GMI- Africa - Senegal 70 Sonic Gems From The 70s
The Souljazz Orchestra- Bulls Eye - Resistance
Black Lips- Dumpster Dive - Arabia Mountain
- voicebreak -
Spent- No Sign Of The Ponies - A Seat Beneath The Chairs
Breathe Owl Breathe- Dragon - Magic Central
Eighty Mile Beach- Red Helicopters - Inclement Weather
The Black Heart Procession- All My Steps - Six
Curtis Fowlkes Dougie Bowne Erik Sanko Evan Lurie John Lurie Marc Ribot Roy Nathonson The Lounge Lizards- Voice Of Chunk - Voice Of Chunk
Orrin Evans- Autumn Leaves feat Christian McBride Karriem Riggins - The Evolution Of Oneself feat Christian McBride Karriem Riggins
Bonobo- Change Down - Dial M For Monkey
- voicebreak -
DJ Me DJ You- Take Your Medication - Simplemachinerock
Ursula 1000- Clap Your Hands - Voyeur
Doug Hream Blunt- Fly Guy - My Name Is Doug Hream Blunt Featuring The Hit Gentle Persuasion
- voicebreak -
Grupo Fantasma- Esa Negra - Problemas
Dylan Group- And You Thought The Cowboys Always Won - More Adventures In Lying


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2016-01-08
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-22-2015         
Playlist:

Dosh- Kit And Pearle - Wolves And Wishes
Beirut- The Shrew - March Of The Zapotec
Ou- Non Ce Niente Da Lavare - Scrambled
The Souljazz Orchestra- Kossa Kossa - Resistance
- voicebreak -
Tongues In Trees- Move - Parallel
Department Of Eagles- The Piano In The Bathtub - The Cold Nose
Richard Leo Johnson Gregg Bendian- Whitewash Worship Warehouse Fine Washer And Dryer - Who Knew Charlie Shoe
Kid Koala- 3 Bit Blues - 12 Bit Blues Bonus Track Version
WONDERFUL WORLD OF JOEY- What Sweet Chld OMine Is This - WHAT SWEET CHILD OMINE
The Last Hurrah- Tried To Lose You - Mudflowers
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Beat Happening- Our Secret - Look Around
Boat- I Really - Lets Drag Our Feet
- voicebreak -
Mice Parade- The Fall From Andalucia - Collaborations
Panda Bear- Sequential Circuits - Panda Bear Meets The Grim Reaper
St Germain- Family Tree - St Germain
Orchestre Bawobab- Thiely - Senegal 70 Sonic Gems From The 70s
- voicebreak -
Juana Molina- Desordenado - Son
KFlay- Cant Sleep - Life As A Dog
GRiZ- Stop Trippin feat IDA HAWK - Say It Loud
HANA- Avalanche - Avalanche Single
- voicebreak -
Outkast- Idlewild Blue Dontchu Worry Bout Me - Idlewild
Nnenna Freelon- Cell Phone Blues - Homefree
Joe Tex- Papa Was Too - Ive Got To Do A Little B
- voicebreak -
Shemekia Copeland- Drivin Out Of Nashville - Outskirts Of Love
Johnny Paycheck- Colorado CoolAid - Johnny Paycheck 16 Biggest Hits
Zoe Muth And The Lost High Rollers- If I Cant Trust You With A Quarter How Can I Trust You With My Heart - Starlight Hotel
Merle Haggard- The Bottle Let Me Down - The Lonesome Fugitive
- voicebreak -
Buck 65- White Bread - Situation
Faithless- Killers Lullaby - Sunday 8PM
The Dresden Dolls- CoinOperated Boy - The Dresden Dolls
- voicebreak -
Grizzly Bear- Knife - Yellow House
Mac Demarco- Another One - Another One
Paul McCartney Wings- Let Me Roll It - Band On The Run
- voicebreak -
Typical Cats- Live Forever - Typical Cats
Mos Def- Modern Marvel - The New Danger


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-12-22
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-09-2015 with Dave Blackwood        
Playlist:

Orchestre Laye Thiam- Massani Cic - Senegal 70 Sonic Gems From The 70s
Le Rex- Le Clic - Wild Man
Galactic- Long Live The Borgne - Into The Deep
Doug Hream Blunt- Trek - My Name Is Doug Hream Blunt Featuring The Hit Gentle Persuasion
Tribecastan- The Surfing Swami - Goddess Polka Dottess
- voicebreak -
St Germain- Real Blues - St Germain
Kid Koala- 11 Bit Blues - 12 Bit Blues Bonus Track Version
Long Cleve Reed Little Harvey Hull- Hey Lawdy Mama The France Blues - Rough Guide To The Blues Songsters
Gotan Project- Chungas Revenge - La Revancha Del Tango
MC Yogi- Son Of Shiva - Elephant Powered Remixes And Omstrumentals
MC Yogi- Be The Change EarthRise SoundSystem Bollywood Dub Remix - Elephant Powered Remixes And Omstrumentals
The Plates- Iroy Vibe - Earth Moon Version
Throttle Elevator Music- One Step Ahead feat Kamasi Washington - Jagged Rocks feat Kamasi Washington
Negativland- Yellow Black And Rectangular - Escape From Noise
11 Acorn Lane- Leafblower Blues - Time For Tea
They Might Be Giants- Music Jail Pts 1 2 - Glean
The Pretty Things- Rosalyn - Mojo Presents DavdHeroesBowie
La Luz- You Disappear - Weirdo Shrine
The Sonics- Livin In Chaos - This Is The Sonics
Julian Casablancas- Rave On - Rave On Buddy Holly
Van Morrison- Gloria feat Van Morrison - The Essential Van Morrison
Bob Dylan- Subterranean Homesick Blues - The Best Of The Cutting Edge 19651966 The Bootleg Series Vol 12
Grupo Fantasma- Porque - Problemas
Throttle Elevator Music- Sun Spot feat Kamasi Washington - Jagged Rocks feat Kamasi Washington
- voicebreak -
The Wood Brothers- American Heartache - Paradise
Battles- NonViolence - La Di Da Di
Hot Chip- Huarache Lights - Why Make Sense
Young Fathers- Shame - White Men Are Black Men Too
El Ten Eleven- Point Breeze - Fast Forward
Sounds From The Ground- Gather - 20 Years Of The Best Sounds From The Ground
SKYLAB- Seashell - 1
Sounds From The Ground- Treasure - 20 Years Of The Best Sounds From The Ground
Cream- NSU - Cream Off The Top
Beach House- Days Of Candy - Depression Cherry
Spencer Radcliffe- Mia - Looking In
DeVotchKa- Death By Blonde - Una Volta
And So I Watch You From Afar- People Not Sleeping - Heirs
Chrome Hoof- When The Lightning Strikes - Chrome Black Gold
METZ- IOU - II
Sounds From The Ground- Move On featuring Taz - 20 Years Of The Best Sounds From The Ground
Hank Williams III- Karmageddon - Rebel Within
Psychic Ills- One More Time - One Track Mind


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-12-09
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 11-25-2015 with Dave Blackwood        
Playlist:

Herbie Hancock- Cantaloupe Island - The Complete Columbia Album Collection 19721988
Kamasi Washington- The Magnificent 7 - The Epic
Grupo Fantasma- Porque - Problemas
Beck- Morning - Morning Phase
Van Morrison- The Way Young Lovers Do - The Essential Van Morrison
Matthew E White- Take Care My Baby - Fresh Blood
Shuggie Otis- Sparkle City - Inspiration Information Wings Of Love
Boogarins- Avalanche - MANUAL
Chui Wan- Beijing Is Sinking - Chui Wan
- Freedom 15 - As If
Jungle Fire- Tropicoso - Tropicoso
Marco Benevento- This Is How It Goes - TigerFace
- voicebreak -
Charlie Musselwhite- My Kinda Gal - I Aint Lyin
Bettye LaVette- Complicated - Worthy
Otis Taylor- Hey Joe A - Hey Joe OpusRed Meat
Louie Laskey- How You Want Your Rollin Done - Rough Guide To The Blues Songsters
- voicebreak -
Orchestre GMI- Africa - Senegal 70 Sonic Gems From The 70s
Eccodek- In My Tribe Eccodek Remix - Remixing In Tongues
Minutemen- Maybe Partying Will Help - Double Nickels On The Dime
Ramones- Street Fighting Man - Too Tough To Die Deluxe Edition
Built To Spill- Jokerman - A Tribute To Bob Dylan In The 80s Volume One
A Place To Bury Strangers- Supermaster - Transfixiation
Clinic- Miss You - Free Reign
The Plates- Iroy Vibe - Earth Moon Version
El Ten Eleven- Battle Aves - Fast Forward
Young Fathers- Shame - White Men Are Black Men Too
Battles- Tricentennial - La Di Da Di
Lumerians- Koman Tong - The High Frontier
Ratatat- Cream On Chrome - Magnifique
St Germain- How Dare You - St Germain
Squeeze- Wild Sewerage Tickles Brazil - UK Squeeze


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/35/playlistDate/2015-11-25
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 10-14-2014 with Sandman        
Playlist:

- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
Richard Cheese- Enter Sandman - Apertif For Destruction
Hozier- Jackie And Wilson - Hozier
Curtis Harding- Surf - Soul Power
Benjamin Booker- Always Waiting - Benjamin Booker
Sly The Family Stone- I Want To Take You Higher - The Essential Sly The Family Stone
St Paul The Broken Bones- Sugar Dyed - Half The City
JD McPherson- North Side Gal - Signs Signifiers
Booker T- Sound The Alarm feat Mayer Hawthorne - Sound The Alarm
- voicebreak -
Gary Clark Jr- Dont Owe You A Thang Live - Gary Clark Jr Live
Ben Harper Charlie Musselwhite- Blood Side Out - Get Up
- voicebreak -
North Mississippi Allstars- Rollin n Tumblin - World Boogie Is Coming
The Gaylettes- Son Of A Preacher Man - Tighten Up
- Rough Rider - The World Ends Afro Rock Psychedelia In 1970s Nigeria
Andy Palacio The Garifuna Collective- Wtina I Called Out - Watina
Daara J- Bopp Sa Bopp - Boomerang
Amadou Et Mariam- Senegal Fast Food - Dimanche A Bamako
Snake Rattle Rattle Snake- Adoration - Sineater
DeVotchKa- The Enemy Guns - Live With The Colorado Symphony
Big Head Todd The Monsters- Josephina - Black Beehive Deluxe Edition
West Water Outlaws- Hard To Love You When I Dont Love Me - West Water Outlaws
Rose Hill Drive- Set In Stone - Youtube
Jenny Lewis- Late Bloomer - The Voyager
Spoon- Let Me Be Mine - They Want My Soul
Delta Spirit- From Now On - Into The Wide
Lucinda Williams- Something Wicked This Way Comes - Down Where The Spirit Meets The Bone
Calexico- Alone Again Or - Convict Pool
The Jayhawks- Tailspin - Rainy Day Music Limited Edition
Old 97s- The Disconnect - Most Messed Up
Jason Isbell- Super 8 - Southeastern
Robert Plant- Rainbow - Lullaby And The Ceaseless Roar
Patty Griffin- Dont Let Me Die In Florida - American Kid
Jack White- High Ball Stepper - Lazaretto
- Signed Sealed Delivered Im Yours - Sweetheart 2014
The Budos Band- The Sticks - Burnt Offering
Orgone- Sophisticated Honky - The Killion Floor


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2014-10-14
          How the title chasers' central midfielders work – and why Fellaini doesn't        
It looks as though things are finally starting to gel for Jose Mourinho’s Manchester United. The 4-1 victory overLeicesterthree weeks agowas the first time in years that United played with the high-tempo conviction we'd taken for granted in the Fergie era, and although the subsequent 1-1 draw again Stoke was considerably less inspiring, Mourinho’s long-term project is clearly moving in the right direction. Dropping Wayne Rooney has helped compress the shape of the side, largely because both Juan Mata and Jesse Lingard can now be accommodated in the starting XI. Both of these players drifted intelligently towards the centre of the pitch against Leicester, linking the lines with quickfire short passing and overwhelming Claudio Ranieri’s two-man midfield. But just as important was their ability to renege on fielding a real defensive midfielder in their defeat of the Foxes. This is their weakest position – and to win the league you need to field one in the vast majority of games you play. United’s back four and front five possess the quality of champions, but – unlike all of their Premier League rivals – their defensive midfielder doesn't look the part. Changing role The modern defensive midfielder has evolved quite a bit since the mid-noughties, when Mourinho’s tactical powers were at their peak. Back then, Claude Makelele was the anchorman archetype driving Chelsea to successive league titles; a strong, no-nonsense midfielder who rarely took risks in possession and clattered into anyone who tried to dominate his space. The role has become far more technical in 2016. The worldwide tactical vogue has shifted to an emphasis on frantic high-pressing and counter-pressing football, and as a consequence the defensive midfielder now needs to be considerably sharper in possession. The pitch has become more and more compressed, which means everyone in the engine room must be adept at both weaving away from the press and quickly releasing the ball to start counter-attacks. As is increasingly the case for each player on the pitch, the defensive midfielder is much more of an all-rounder these days, capable of slaloming out of trouble like a winger and threading passes like a playmaker. Unfortunately, Marouane Fellaini simply cannot live up to these expectations. Fellaini’s shortcomings Fellaini was always likely to become a favourite of Mourinho’s due to his reputation as something of a teacher’s pet; he listens carefully to his manager’s instructions and attempts to carry out the tactical plan diligently. However, his technical ability leaves a lot to be desired. He's far too ponderous when United have possession, and his awkward posture on the ball means he often misses the split-second opportunities to pierce the opposition lines and evade the press. The Belgian's not athletic enough, either. Fellaini often goes missing in matches, failing to adequately cut off the passing lines or close out the spaces that yawn open between defence and midfield. This is the most important part of the job, but one that Fellaini's still struggling to understand. As attacking lines narrow among Europe’s elite, it's looking increasingly likely that United’s shortcomings in defensive midfield could separate them from the rest of the top six. Fellaini gifts Leicester a goal in the Community Shield Here's how Fellaini compares to his rivals... Chelsea – N’Golo Kante Kante’s defensive brilliance is well documented; nobody in the Premier League breaks up play as well as Chelsea’s French midfielder. But aside from his exceptional reading of the game, Kante’s confidence in possession was a vital aspect of Leicester's title-winning campaign last time out. The Foxes’ ability to hit their opponents on the counter was their primary tactic last season, and many of their quick breaks forward wouldn't have been possible without Kante’s initial pass. After one of his monstrous tackles or interceptions, the former Caen destroyer would invariably jink away and play an intelligent forward pass. Without his composure under pressure, Riyad Mahrez and Jamie Vardy would never have found the space they did. Given that Mourinho loves to counter-attack, Fellaini’s deficiency in this area is a cause for concern. Kante wins the ball and moves it on against Arsenal Everton – Idrissa Gueye Gueye is the player who Manchester United should have acquired over the summer. At just £7 million, the Senegal international looks like the value signing of the summer: only Kante made more tackles and interceptions last season, with Gueye currently leading the tackling charts for 2016/17 with 5.1 per match. Like Kante, he's very skilled at instigating counter-attacks and bursting forward in possession; in both defence and attack, the 27-year-old is a considerably more effective defensive midfielder than anyone in the United ranks. Tottenham – Eric Dier England’s Eric Dier is remarkably composed for his age. Although Mauricio Pochettino uses him in a more conservative role than many defensive midfielders at top clubs (he often drops deep to make a flat back three during Spurs attacks), Dier’s calm defensive work instills a soothing sense of control over the rest of the team. Fellaini is too erratic and ill-disciplined to provide similar assurances from the heart of midfield, which can lead to nervous displays from Mourinho’s team. Arsenal – Granit Xhaka Arsenal’s new Swiss midfielder needs more time to settle in England, but when he does the fans will see he's the perfect fit. Strong in the tackle and capable of playing in a more advanced role when required, Xhaka's the Patrick Vieira type that Arsenal have been after for years. The Switzerland international already averages more tackles (3.5) and interceptions (2.4) per 90 minutes than Fellaini, and these statistics will only improve once he has fully adapted to Premier League football. Xhaka snaps into a tackle against Leicester Manchester City – Fernandinho Let’s leave the analysis of the Brazilian to his manager, Pep Guardiola. "Fernandinho can do everything," the Manchester City boss said recently. "What we have achieved so far would have been impossible without him. He's fast, he's intelligent, strong in the air and he can play in several positions. No sooner does he see a space than he runs there immediately. If you need someone to make a correction or a challenge, he sees it too. If a team had three Fernandinhos, they would be champions.” United wouldn't mind just one. Liverpool – Jordan Henderson Jurgen Klopp’s choice for defensive midfield is testament to the evolution of the role over the last decade. Henderson has always been a box-to-box midfielder but this season Liverpool have moved him into a deeper position – andKlopp will be satisfied with the speed of his progress. The 26-year-old Henderson is helped by James Milner’s new position as an inverted left-back; the ex-Leeds utility man is often found alongside Henderson, simplifying his team-mate’s role and shrinking the space within which he must operate. Fellaini would probably benefit from a similar system to Klopp’s, but under Mourinho this is highly unlikely. Given that Michael Carrick’s ageing legs don't offer a long-term solution and Morgan Schneiderlin doesn't appear to be in Mourinho’s plans, United desperately need to look for a new defensive midfielder in January. Without an upgrade on Fellaini, the 2016/17 Premier League title may just be beyond them. New features you'd like every day on FourFourTwo.com
          Le numérique : la prochaine révolution des marchands ambulants sénégalais ?        

Plus connectés qu’on pourrait le penser, en quête de reconnaissance, harassés par des journées à rallonge : les marchands ambulants des rues de Dakar ont la parole dans la dernière enquête de deux startups de marketing au Sénégal. Si le numérique commence à accompagner leur quotidien, il pourrait jouer un rôle plus important dans les années […]

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          E-commerce et régulation en Afrique : Cas du Sénégal        

Faire des achats en ligne apparaît désormais comme l’un des moyens de se simplifier la vie. En Afrique on assiste à la naissance mais également au déclin de plusieurs plateformes de e-commerce. Chacun y va de son analyse quant aux raisons du décollage plus que timide du e-commerce en Afrique. On note de toute évidence […]

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          Sénégal: les acteurs du e-commerce s’unissent        

Les principales entreprises de e-commerce opérant au Sénégal, veulent s’unir pour trouver des solutions pour transformer le marché de l’e-commerce national et le  hisser comme l’un des piliers porteurs de l’économie nationale. Avec en ligne de front, le groupe Africa Internet Group de la nébuleuse Rocket Internet, ces acteurs ont convié les investisseurs de l’économie numérique […]

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          Sénégal : Tigo finance des projets jeunes        

40 000 USD, c’est le montant décaissé par l’opérateur telecom Tigo Sénégal, pour récompenser de jeunes entrepreneurs. En effet, à l’issue du concours, le prix de l’innovation numérique organisé par l’opérateur, en partenariat avec l’ONG Reach for change, deux entrepreneurs, ont été récompensés pour leurs projets. Ce concours permet aux jeunes entrepreneurs, non seulement de […]

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          Sénégal: Un appel d’offre lancé pour la 4G        

Le directeur général de l’Autorité de Régulation des Télécommunications et des Postes (Artp) du Sénégal, Abdou Karim Sall, a annoncé le lancement, par le gouvernement, de l’appel à candidature pour l’attribution d’une licence 4G dans le pays. Le patron de l’organe de régulation des télécoms a précisé que ce processus, dans une première phase, est uniquement […]

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          Sénégal : Bientôt une usine de fibre optique        

Le Sénégal abritera la première usine de fabrication de fibre optique du pays, en 2016. Un accord relatif à la mise en place de cette infrastructure a été signée entre Yaya Abdoul Kane, le ministre des Postes et des Télécommunications, représentant le gouvernement sénégalais, l’Association pour le développement de l’industrie photonique de la Corée du […]

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          Sénégal : les ménages payent la TNT au prix fort        

Selon des constats effectués sur le terrain à Dakar, les équipements de réception de la Télévision numérique terrestre (TNT), ne sont pas vendues aux prix officiels, fixés par le gouvernement. Le décodeur coûte entre 12 000 et 13 000 FCFA au lieu de 10 000 FCFA. Quant à l’antenne râteau qui complète le dispositif, il […]

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          Sénégal : les députés disent non à Orange        

Les députés de la République du Sénégal étaient réunis à l’Assemblée Nationale pour voter le budget du ministère des postes et télécommunications. Au cours de ces assises, une partie d’entre eux a demandé à l’Etat de ne pas renouveler le contrat de concession du groupe télécom Orange avec la Société nationale des télécommunications Sonatel, censé […]

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          Sénégal : Les abonnés ont jusqu’a décembre pour s’identifier        

A partir du premier décembre, les opérateurs télécom Sonatel, Tigo et Expresso doivent suspendre l’émission d’appel chez tous les abonnés télécoms qui jusqu’à présent ne se sont toujours pas fait identifier. Le Sénégal a effectué l’identification de ses abonnés aux télécoms en 2013. Un an plus tard, les autorités ont constaté que plusieurs cartes SIM non-identifiées […]

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          Sénégal : Huawei va déployer 3000km de fibre optique        

Selon le directeur général de l’Agence de l’informatique de l’Etat (ADIE), Cheikh Bakhoum, 3000 km supplémentaire de fibre optique seront prochainement déployés et viendront s’ajouter aux 1500 km déjà déployés par l’ADIE. Cheikh Bakhoum avait déclaré que ce nouveau projet d’un coût de 85 millions de dollars, soit environ 51 milliards de Fcfa, se fera […]

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          SENEGAL: La Sonatel lance Senkiosk, service de vente en ligne de journaux et magazines        

La Société Nationale des Télécommunications (SONATEL) du Senegal a procédé hier (mercredi, ndlr) au lancement officiel de Senkiosk, une plateforme web mobile de commercialisation des journaux et magazines. Le nouveau produit, réalisé en partenariat avec les patrons de presse sénégalais va permettre aux fidèles lecteurs de la presse sénégalaise de disposer en temps réel et […]

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          Sénégal : la santé veut passer au numérique        

Après avoir réalisé un état des lieux, qui a consisté à recenser les équipements, les logiciels, les infrastructures informatiques, les ressources en télémédecine et les besoins en formation de toutes ses structures, le ministère de la Santé et de l’Action sociale au Sénégal a décidé d’élaborer un plan directeur informatique. «Ce plan directeur informatique sera […]

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          Sénégal : l’état recule avec la 4G        

Le ministre sénégalais des postes et télécoms a décidé de mettre fin à la phase expérimentale de la 4G. La décision a été prise pour garantir les intérêts de l’Etat du Sénégal et lui permettre « d’obtenir les meilleurs résultats dans cet exercice d’attribution des autorisations d’exploitation de la 4G. « Après avoir autorisé une phase expérimentale […]

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          Senegalese Football club banned        

The Senegalese Professional Football League (LSFP) has handed a seven-year ban to US Ouakam football club following the crowd violence which left eight people dead during the League Cup final against Stade de Mbour last month.   The LSFP’s disciplinary committee said it holds US Ouakam “exclusively responsible” for the tragedy at the Stade Demba […]

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          Sénégal : le réseau de fibre optique renforcé        

L’équipementier télécom chinois Huawei va renforcer le réseau de fibre optique du Sénégal de 3000 km supplémentaires Ce projet de 85 millions de dollars soit environ 51 milliards de FCFA qui se fera en collaboration avec la Chine, constitue la 3ème phase du projet « largement Sénégal »  enclenché  en 2000 et qui consiste en la […]

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          Apoteosis de mujer 'velina'        

Cuando la piel cae o la grasa se concentra en los muslos, Eva se cree indigna de pasear por el paraíso

Artículos | 14/03/2011 - 00:31h

Al margen de la extravagante polémica sobre la tribuna femenina del Barça, en la pasada semana del 8 de marzo se ha hablado de los típicos temas que preocupan a las mujeres universitarias. De la no equiparación de los sueldos o del techo de cristal de las mujeres. Todo lo que hace referencia a la subordinación de la mujer se reclama con énfasis cada 8 de marzo. Pero la reflexión sobre el poder eclipsa otros aspectos no menos preocupantes de la condición femenina actual.

Los asesinatos de mujeres causan ciertamente una gran inquietud. Las leyes del Estado han llegado al extremo de discriminar con penas más duras la violencia ejercida por los hombres, pero la alarma no ha servido para frenar a los bárbaros. Por fortuna –nos decimos– estamos lejos de la misoginia que avanza en otras latitudes: en México, matar a mujeres se ha convertido en un deporte. Por fortuna, estamos lejos de la tiranía masculina que soporta la mujer en los países musulmanes o en aquellas zonas de África en las que se practica la ablación. En Catalunya se va a prohibir el burka, y el otro día leímos que una ONG del Vallès ha conseguido, al parecer, erradicar la ablación de un territorio del Senegal. Somos muy sensibles a las problemáticas exóticas, pero nuestras vergüenzas de toda la vida siguen sin resolverse: no disminuye la cifra de mujeres muertas, y nuestras carreteras siguen llenas de jóvenes desvalidas en minifalda (la crisis no hace mella en el comercio carnal: seguimos siendo el prostíbulo de Europa).

Cuando nos referimos a la problemática femenina siempre la vinculamos a los mecanismos de poder. Me pregunto por qué nunca la relacionamos con el claro progreso en nuestro entorno del modelo de mujer que en Italia han dado en llamar velina.

Me refiero a las chicas que predominan en televisión, cortadas por el patrón de la cirugía estética, armadas con formidables tacones, exhibidoras de vertiginosas curvas. Todas adoptan la identidad decorativa, aunque unas muestran, a la manera tradicional, sonrisa perenne y esforzada simpatía, mientras otras exhiben, a la manera moderna, agresividad de camorrista y lenguaje tabernario. Atraen por su belleza, pero nunca son protagonistas de nada, pues su función es la de acompañar, alegrar, agradar, provocar o animar a los hombres que las contemplan. ¡Curiosa paradoja! Discutimos hasta la saciedad sobre si hay que felicitar o condenar al Barça por su iniciativa de considerar a las socias reinas de la tribuna por un día, pero aceptamos sin rechistar el progreso de las velinas en los medios, creadores de pautas de conducta.

Es verdad que, en determinados ámbitos universitarios y mediáticos, la mujer ha conquistado, si no el liderazgo, sí la razón moral. Es verdad: ya nadie se atreve a discutir las reivindicaciones del feminismo. Nadie se atreve a discutirlas, pero, como sucede en general con la retórica del politically correct, la cruda realidad enmienda sin descanso la retórica feminista. Si algún modelo de mujer progresa es el de la mujer objeto: moda, publicidad, medios e internet se alían para propagarla. No es extraño que la expresión haya perdido actualidad y suene a anacrónica o carca: la mujer como objeto decorativo, como objeto de compra y de uso. La mujer como kleenex de usar y tirar.

Dos mundos paralelos se reparten la condición femenina. En uno se discute hasta el bizantinismo (incluso sobre el machismo de la gramática). En otro, más popular, progresa la visión de la mujer como figura decorativa. Un tipo de mujer que puede, curiosamente, aparecer como muy liberada, pues su capacidad de seducción es enorme y su sexualización le concede un aparente poder sobre el macho.

La velina funde tradiciones: de la donna de los trovadores a la dómina de Sacher- Masoch, de la prostituta de arrabal a la coqueta de los escenarios burgueses. El supuesto poder sexual que este modelo de mujer encarna permite sublimar el mito de Eva corruptora, origen de todos los pecados. Puesto que en nuestra sociedad nada tiene más prestigio que lo que antes se llamaba pecado (sinónimo ahora de placer), la que en el mundo tradicional era causa de la expulsión del Edén cree ser ahora una Eva triunfante. Cierto feminismo se funde aquí con el velismo.

La belleza de la nueva Eva liberadora se degrada con el tiempo. Su atractivo se deforma, su apariencia se arruga. Ha roto las viejas contenciones carcas y se ha liberado gracias al feminismo de la pose sumisa, pero las esclavitudes a las que se somete le causan un dolor indecible, aunque silencioso. La mujer contemporánea se ha liberado de viejos límites y represiones, pero ha sido atrapada por la tiranía del espejo. Tiene que supeditarse al imperio de la belleza, al canon de las medidas. Cuando su papel decorativo flaquea, cuando el atractivo mengua, Eva, para no ser expulsada del Edén, combate desesperadamente contra el tiempo y la genética. Ya nadie se atreve a culparla, como en la versión tradicional, de los males de la humanidad. Ahora es ella la que se cree culpable. Cuando la piel cae o la grasa se concentra en los muslos, se cree indigna de pasear por las pasarelas del paraíso.

No le queda más remedio, me dice una amiga cáustica, que esperar a que al macho le pase tres cuartos de lo mismo. También el hombre metrosexual, e incluso el clásico cachas, empieza a ser víctima de la tiranía del espejo.
          Former President Of Chad Forced To Appear In Court For War Crimes Trial        
Copyright 2015 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

ROBERT SIEGEL, HOST:

In Senegal today, the war crimes trial of a former ruler of Chad was postponed to September. The government of Hissene Habre is accused of killing 40,000 people. The delay is to give his new court-appointed lawyers time to prepare their case.

          Under African Skies        
Tremendous:

Tinariwen and Ali Farka Toure. My musical horizons needed broadening and so a quick trip to amazon provided albums by these two artists.

Tinariwen are a tribe of musicians with no country in Northern Africa, homeless now for 60 years. Their music is a conglomeration of sounds from traditional campfire jams to blues and rock n' roll.

Ali Farka Toure is the recently deceased godfather of African music. One of the magnificent Senegalese musicians of recent times, he's been described by Martin Scorsese as "the DNA of the blues." It is amazing listening to these songs that share so much with a musical form so deeply associated with America. It obviously transcends time and place and gives you a sense of how important music is to heritage and people. It has carried 400 years over thousands of miles of ocean, achings of torment and torture in the slave plantations; and centuries of dilution in a foreign land.

Yet still present in music from Senegal is the familiar twang and vocal style of the Blues greats.

A reminder of music's ability to amaze and emote.
          Animation Breakdown: WAX, or The Discovery of Television Among the Bees - Introduction and Q&A        
the day will embrace an eclectic range of approaches, and ask how digital and hybrid technologies are influencing artists and their work. In the three panels - artists from the UK, Senegal and the USA present and discuss their work.
          Mundo- El gran sueño Africano        
6-7-17   Le Monde Diplo en español

El gran sueño africano


Ignacio Ramonet



Con la llegada del verano, volvemos a asistir a los repetidos y a veces trágicos asaltos contra las murallas alambradas de Melilla, llevados a cabo –con sofisticadas técnicas y artimañas de asedio medieval– por disciplinadas columnas de jóvenes subsaharianos. En otras zonas (Canarias, la isla italiana de Lampedusa, las costas de Sicilia, de Grecia, de Chipre, de Malta y la isla francesa de Mayotte, cerca de Madagascar), los “invasores” llegan casi siempre a las playas de noche –cuando no zozobran–, en silenciosas embarcaciones, como antaño lo hacían sin duda vikingos, normandos o sarracenos.
En Europa y en otras partes del mundo rico, muchos (entre ellos el presidente estadounidense Donald Trump) tienden a considerar a esos “asaltantes” como agresores, delincuentes y hasta criminales. La extrema derecha europea reclama más mano dura para repeler a los intrusos, menos miramientos, y la adopción urgente de medidas más radicales. Más vigilancia, más policía, más ejército, más expulsiones... Y no siempre se pregunta: ¿por qué causas están dispuestas esas personas a correr tantos riesgos para, en definitiva, poner, por precio vil, al servicio de nuestro confort y nuestro alto nivel de vida, su fuerza de trabajo?
El África Subsahariana es una de las regiones más empobrecidas del planeta.
Con una pobreza extrema que se explica por diversos factores. En primer lugar: la trata de esclavos, crimen y genocidio que vació durante siglos el subcontinente de millones de sus hombres y mujeres más jóvenes, sanos y fornidos, obligando a comunidades enteras a vivir escondidas y aisladas en las profundidades de la jungla, sin contacto alguno con los progresos de la técnica y de la ciencia.
Rememorarse también que África ha sido, hasta hace apenas unos decenios, tierra de colonización. De una colonización impuesta por las potencias europeas a sangre y fuego, a base de guerras, exterminios y deportaciones. Todos los poderes locales que osaron oponerse y resistir a los conquistadores –portugueses, holandeses, británicos, franceses, alemanes, italianos o españoles– fueron aplastados.
En el aspecto económico, las potencias coloniales establecieron, de modo autoritario, una economía fundada en la exportación de materias primas hacia la “metrópoli” y en el consumo obligatorio de productos manufacturados producidos en Europa. De esa manera, África perdió en los dos tableros. Y esa doble explotación, por lo esencial, no se ha modificado.
Por ejemplo, Costa de Marfil, primer productor mundial de cacao (el 40% del volumen mundial) nunca ha podido desarrollar una industria chocolatera exportadora. Lo mismo se puede afirmar de Malí o Níger, dos de los principales productores de algodón, quienes se han hallado en la imposibilidad de montar una verdadera industria textil. Y eso porque, en general, las excesivas tarifas aduaneras impuestas por los países importadores ricos a los eventuales productos elaborados en el Sur arruinan toda posible competencia con los productos fabricados en el Norte.
Los países desarrollados quieren conservar la exclusividad de la transformación de las materias primas, o, en el marco de la globalización liberal, aceptan deslocalizar sus fábricas hacia China o Bangladesh, donde la mano de obra es hábil, dócil y sobre todo barata, pero no están en absoluto dispuestas a invertir en África, ni en desarrollar en este continente un sector industrial importante.
La división internacional del trabajo, efectuada en favor de los intereses de los países del Norte, atribuye a África un papel subalterno, marginal, lo cual impide a este continente entrar en la espiral virtuosa del desarrollo.
Las fabulosas riquezas mineras y forestales del continente africano son vendidas a precios de saldo, para el mayor enriquecimiento de las empresas importadoras y transformadoras del Norte. De ese modo, no se crean empleos ni siquiera en las industrias agroalimentarias, que es el sector básico a partir del cual se puede edificar un verdadero desarrollo agrícola, y más tarde industrial. Por eso también, África es el último continente que aún conoce con regularidad crisis alimentarias y hasta hambrunas.
Esta región del mundo, tan a menudo calificada por los medios dominantes del Norte de “subdesarrollada”, “violenta”, “caótica” e “infernal”, no habría conocido tal inestabilidad política – golpes de Estado militares, insurrecciones, masacres, genocidios, guerras civiles, terrorismo yihadista–, si los países ricos del Norte (empezando por las antiguas potencias coloniales) le hubiesen ofrecido posibilidades de desarrollo reales en lugar de seguir explotándola. La pobreza creciente se ha convertido en causa de desorden político, de corrupción, de nepotismo y de inestabilidad crónica. Y esta misma inestabilidad desalienta a los inversores, tanto locales como internacionales. Con lo cual se cierra el círculo vicioso del laberinto de la pobreza.
Todo esto explica por qué hoy un (o una) joven del sur del Sahara, en plena salud y a menudo con buena formación educativa, no desea seguir viviendo en lo que es el calabozo del mundo. Decenas de miles, en este momento, están marchando hacia los vados que conducen a Europa, con la esperanza de poder vivir, por fin, una vida normal. Y quizá también con la reivindicación inconsciente de que algo les debemos de nuestra riqueza actual.
Esto es solo el comienzo, y no se sabe qué tipo de muros habrá que construir para desalentar el flujo. Porque el Banco Mundial acaba de advertir de que la bomba demográfica ya ha estallado, y que ya hay en los países pobres unos 2.500 millones de jóvenes menores de 22 años que no encuentran trabajo en sus países. Y cuya única perspectiva es correr al asalto de las murallas de Europa...
Para algunos países africanos del Sahel, que están entre los Estados más pobres del mundo, como Malí, Burkina Faso, Níger y Chad, el algodón, “oro blanco”, representa entre un 30% y un 40% del valor de sus exportaciones. Es, por consiguiente, un producto vital del que, en estos Estados, viven directamente tres millones de agricultores e indirectamente más de quince millones de personas… “El algodón está ligado a la historia de África y a la penosa historia de la esclavitud –dice Aminata Traoré, exministra de Cultura de Malí–, pero hoy queremos que nos ayude a liberarnos y no que nos esclavice de nuevo”.
Estos países pobres, en los últimos decenios, han sacrificado otras infraestructuras y han hecho esfuerzos considerables (construcción de embalses, canales de riego) para aumentar las superficies dedicadas al cultivo del algodón. Y hoy se encuentran en una situación dramática porque, a pesar del bajísimo coste de una producción realizada por campesinos pobres, el algodón africano se vende mal a la exportación y resulta más caro que el que producen algunos países ricos como Estados Unidos, que controla el 30% de las exportaciones mundiales de la fibra blanca.
¿Cómo es posible que el algodón producido a precio de oro en Norteamérica resulte más barato que el que se cultiva a coste infrahumano en África? Sencillamente porque Washington vierte a sus productores de algodón unas subvenciones anuales de unos 3.000 millones de dólares… Por eso el algodón estadounidense puede venderse en el mercado internacional a un precio inferior al de su coste y hasta más bajo que el precio del “oro blanco” africano.
Consecuencia: si esas subvenciones se mantienen, se producirá una catástrofe económica de gran envergadura en esos países africanos del Sahel que ya se encuentran entre los menos avanzados del planeta. Millones de agricultores seguirán abandonando el campo para ir a enrolarse en los ejércitos yihadistas que controlan gran parte del Sahel; o irán a hacinarse en los barrios de chabolas de las periferias urbanas desde donde la miseria y el hambre empujarán a los más atrevidos a tratar de emigrar a Europa. A bordo de cayucos hasta Canarias, o atravesando el desierto del Sahara hasta Libia intentando después cruzar a Italia.
Del algodón a la patera solo hay un paso. Y aunque parezca que una cosa no tiene que ver con la otra, los países de la Unión Europea, y entre estos los más expuestos a la entrada de los inmigrantes clandestinos subsaharianos, deberían insistir para que se supriman las subvenciones a las exportaciones agrícolas, y en particular a las del algodón, que solo benefician a unos miles de agricultores norteamericanos mientras arruinan a millones de africanos.
Recordemos que la actividad principal, a escala planetaria, sigue siendo la agricultura. De todos los campesinos del mundo, apenas unos 30 millones disponen de un tractor, 250 millones trabajan con instrumentos de tracción animal y 1.300 millones usan herramientas manuales… Esa es la dramática realidad de la agricultura de hoy.
En junio de 2005, para tratar la situación de África y como coartada en dirección a la opinión pública mundial, los jefes de Estado del G-8 invitaron a los presidentes de Sudáfrica, Argelia, Etiopía, Ghana, Senegal y Tanzania, además de a Kofi Annan, entonces secretario general de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU). La idea de Tony Blair, primer ministro británico en aquel momento y que presidía ese G-8, era reducir la deuda externa de los países intermediarios, después de haber reducido la de trece países pobres de África. También proponía aumentar la ayuda pública al desarrollo (APD) unos 25.000 millones de dólares al año durante un lustro hasta alcanzar el 0,75% del producto nacional bruto (PNB). El presidente estadounidense George W. Bush se opuso a ello bajo el pretexto de que África no sería capaz de absorber tal cantidad de capitales... Sin embargo, la ayuda propuesta por Tony Blair era inferior a lo que estaba costando entonces la guerra de Irak. Otros observadores recordaron que Estados Unidos consintió consagrar, después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, no el 0,75% de su PNB, sino el 1% durante cuatro años para ayudar a reconstruir Europa con el Plan Marshall...
Si de verdad quisieran ayudar a África, los países ricos tendrían que tomar, con urgencia, cinco sencillas medidas:
— Primera, suprimir definitivamente la deuda externa africana (por cada dólar prestado, África ya ha devuelto 1,3 dólares solo en intereses).
— Segunda, suprimir las subvenciones a las exportaciones agrícolas que inundan, a precios de saldo, los mercados de los países en desarrollo y destruyen la agricultura local.
— Tercera, abrir los mercados agrícolas de Norteamérica, de la Unión Europea y de Japón a los productos africanos.
— Cuarta, aceptar que los países africanos establezcan una política proteccionista en favor de sus producciones locales tanto agrícolas como industriales, sin que el Fondo Monetario Internacional (FMI) o el Banco Mundial los sancione.
— Y quinta, reorientar la investigación farmacéutica para curar las epidemias endémicas de África (cuando hoy, el 90% de la investigación farmacéutica está orientada a mejorar la vida del 10% de la población rica mundial).
Los recursos abundan y existen soluciones para erradicar la pobreza en África y en el resto del planeta; falta voluntad política. ¿Cuándo se acabará de admitir que suprimiendo la pobreza y las injusticias, se suprimen las principales causas del terrorismo en el mundo?

http://www.monde-diplomatique.es/?url=editorial/0000856412872168186811102294251000/editorial/?articulo=234c9d2c-9c0d-4bd9-9150-1b8399d6f7ab


          â€œWe eat couscous with roots because European boats take the fish”        
By Juan Luis Sánchez / Translation: Nerea Alonso Fishermen from Mauritania and Senegal demand that the European Union put an end to the “looting” of their coasts. “I think it is fine that European fishermen emigrate to Africa looking for work, but we want a fair deal”, Karim says. 67% of European boats outside of [...]
          Camisas "Way to the Nations" na Loja do Caminho. Colabore com as frentes humanitárias do Caminho Nações.        

Pessoal, temos novidades!

Nossas camisas já estão disponíveis na Loja do Caminho.

A renda ajudará na manutenção de nossos trabalhos na Nigéria e Senegal, onde temos dois orfanatos que resgatam e acolhem crianças-bruxas e crianças-escravizadas..

Esta é uma forma simples de colaborar com as operações de salvamento, acolhimento e educação. Compre pra você, para familiares e amigos.

Você também pode tirar uma foto usando a camisa, e publicar nos seus círculos de relacionamento. Envie pra gente também! Queremos publicar nas nossas redes sociais.

Queremos muita gente "vestindo essa camisa" e promovendo uma grande onda de solidariedade.

Juntos podemos muito mais! Nosso muito obrigado a todos!

Faça o seu pedido pelo site: http://www.lojadocaminho.com/

Informações sobre a história e projetos do Caminho Nações (Way to the Nations) nos sites:

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          El viajero feliz        
Joaquín Pisa Carilla nació y vive en Barcelona. Ha viajado por Cuba, Rusia, Israel, Uzbekistán, Egipto, China, Senegal, Argentina, México, Perú, Siria, Jordania, la Toscana y la Camania Italianas, el Languedoc francés y el norte y centro de Europa, así como por casi toda la Península Ibérica y las Islas Baleares. Parte de estos viajes han tenido como marco la antigua Ruta de la Seda, donde ha visitado y fotografiado ciudades míticas como Estambul (Turquía), Kiva, Bujara y Samarcanda (Uzbekistán), y Xian y Pekín (China). En 2007 apareció su primer libro de viajes: "Todos los blancos son feos (notas de viajes 1996-2006) y otros escritos aventureros". Ese mismo año dio su primera vuelta al mundo. Es miembro de la Sociedad Geográfica Española, del Centro de Estudios Senderianos y de la Asociación Colegial de Escritores de Catalunya.
          BioethicsTV: Ethicists go to the Good Place        

by Craig Klugman, Ph.D.

The Good Place: A new NBC comedy is not about medicine but about a selfish woman, Eleanor, who accidentally is brought to the “good place” after death. Surrounded by humanitarians and selfless people, she quickly realizes that she does not belong there. After learning that most people end up somewhere else and that it is a place of eternal torment, she wants to stay. She is introduced to her soul mate, Chidi, who turns out to be a professor of ethics and moral philosophy born in Senegal.…


          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          Postings 2/25        
Various Internships; Minnesota Children's Museum-Twin Cities
Communications Intern; Nonviolent Peacforce-Twin Cities
Environmental Justice and Climate Intern; Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy-Twin Cities
Marketing and Social Media Intern; The Minnesota Project-Twin Cities
Referral Center Internship; La Conexion de las Americas-Twin Cities
Special Events and Fundraising Intern; Iraqi and American Reconciliation Project-Twin Cities
Political Intern; The Borgen Project!-Seattle,Washington 
Project Intern, The National Bureau of Asian Research-Seattle, Washington
Development Internship; Women In Islam Inc-New York, New York
Communication Intern; Phelps Strokes-Washington, District of Columbia
Congress & Exhibition Intern; International AIDS Society-Geneva, Switzerland
Assistant PanAfrican Centre for Gender, Peace and Development Internship; Femmes Africa Solidarite (FAS)-Dakar, Senegal
Internship; JEN-Tokyo, Japan
          Jejak Islam di Sepakbola dunia        
Franck Ribery: Islam Sumber Kekuatan Saya
Published On Monday, May 04, 2009 By acehlong. Under: Internasional, Sepakbola. Tags: Agama, Barcelona, Bayern Munich, Chelsea, Gantung, Inter Milan, Islam, Karim Benzema, Maroko, Mars, Masjid, Penghargaan, Perancis, Perang, Real Madrid, Rekor, Tubuh, Turki, Zidane

Ia dikenal sebagai pribadi yang santun, rendah hati, dan rajin melaksanakan shalat lima waktu, di mana pun dan pada kondisi apa pun.

Bagi penggemar sepak bola dunia, tentu sudah tak asing dengan nama Franck Ribery, gelandang serang asal Prancis yang kini bermain di klub raksasa Bundesliga (Jerman), Bayern Muenchen.

Begitu juga, dengan mantan pemain terbaik dunia asal Prancis, Zinedine Zidane, Nicholas Anelka (Chelsea/Prancis), Frederik Kanoute (Sevilla/Mali), Khalid Bouhlahrouz (Sevilla), Zlatan Ibrahimovic (Inter Milan/Swedia), Eric Abidal (Barcelona/Prancis), Kolo Toure (Chelsea), dan Yaya Toure (Barcelona). Mereka adalah pemain sepak bola yang beragama Islam dan menjadi andalan klub maupun negaranya masing-masing.

Berbeda dengan pesepak bola Muslim lainnya, yang lebih dulu memeluk Islam, Franck Ribery justru memeluk Islam setelah bermain di klub asal Turki, Galatasaray, pada 2005. Secara singkat, Ribery mengatakan, dia memilih ajaran yang dibawa Nabi Muhammad SAW ini karena menemukan kedamaian dalam Islam.

Baginya, Islam adalah sumber kekuatan dan keselamatan. ”Islam adalah sumber kekuatan saya di dalam dan di luar lapangan sepak bola. Saya mengalami kehidupan yang cukup keras dan saya harus menemukan sesuatu yang membawa saya pada keselamatan dan saya menemukan Islam,” kata Ribery.

Senantiasa berdoa
Pesepak bola bermata biru yang memperkuat tim Prancis itu memulai karier sepak bolanya, dengan bergabung dengan tim Boulogne di tanah kelahirannya. Kemudian, ia pindah ke tim Ales, Brest and FC Metz.

Kepindahannya ke Olympique Marseille membawanya ke posisi pertama bintang sepak bola Prancis paling populer pada bulan Agustus, Oktober, dan November 2005. Ribery terpilih untuk memperkuat tim Prancis pada Piala Dunia FIFA tahun 2006 yang digelar di Jerman.

Pada 2006 itulah, jati diri Ribery yang telah menjadi mualaf dan memeluk agama Islam terkuak dan menjadi pemberitaan di tengah pertandingan pembukaan antara tim Prancis melawan tim Swiss saat acara Piala Dunia 2006.

Ketika itu, Ribery tersorot publik tengah menengadahkan tangan sebelum pertandingan dimulai. Ribery tengah berdoa, seperti yang dilakukan seorang Muslim. Saat itulah, banyak orang terkaget-kaget dengan sikapnya. Namun, berkat kecemerlangannya dalam bermain bola, publik pun tak menghiraukan perilaku dan kebiasaan Ribery.

Namun, rutinitas berdoa sebelum pertandingan itu akhirnya terkuak juga. Dan, Ribery mengaku sebagai penganut Islam. Ia menemukan kedamaian dalam agama Islam dan menjadi spiritnya dalam menjalankan aktivitas sehari-hari, tak terkecuali saat bermain bola.

Kabar Ribery masuk Islam, menyeruak sejak awal tahun 2006. Kabar itu mula-mula dilansir L’Express. Majalah ini menyebut adanya pemain nasional Prancis yang secara teratur beribadah di masjid di selatan Marseille. Mingguan itu tidak menyebut nama secara eksplisit, namun yang dimaksud adalah Ribery.

Kendati aksi berdoanya di lapangan hijau telah menarik perhatian publik Prancis, Ribery tetap enggan mengemukakan keyakinan barunya itu secara terbuka. Gelandang kanan klub Olympique Marseille ini mengatakan, keimanan barunya adalah perkara pribadi, tak perlu publikasi.

Alhasil, sejumlah spekulasi pun bermunculan. Ada yang menyebut perubahan itu terjadi sejak Ribery bermain bersama klub Galatasaray pada 2005. Ia membantu klub raksasa Turki tersebut memenangi Piala Turki pada tahun 2005. Semasa menetap di Turki, pemain kelahiran Boulogne-sur-Mer, Prancis, 7 April 1983, ini dikabarkan kerap berbaur dan berdiskusi dengan komunitas Muslim di sana.

Ada pula yang menyebut istri Ribery, Wahiba Belhami, yang asli Maroko itu memainkan peran penting terhadap perubahan Ribery. Ribery memang setahun tinggal di negara berpenduduk mayoritas Muslim itu. Di sana, Ribery berkenalan dengan Wahiba yang kemudian ia peristri. Konon Wahiba berperan besar menuntun Ribery mengenal ajaran Islam. Dari pernikahan tersebut, Wahiba memberinya dua anak, Hizsya dan Shahinez.

Kedua versi itu tak pernah dibantah atau dibenarkan oleh Ribery. Namun, kepada majalah Paris Match, ia mengungkapkan, Islam telah membawanya pada keselamatan.

”Islam juga yang menjadi sumber kekuatan saya di dalam maupun di luar lapangan,” ujar Ribery kepada majalah Match tanpa menjelaskan sejak kapan memeluk Islam. Ia menambahkan, ”Saya menjalani karier yang berat. Saya kemudian berketetapan hati untuk menemukan kedamaian. Akhirnya, saya menemukan Islam.”

Tidak pernah tinggalkan shalat
Keimanan dan kepribadian Ribery sebagai seorang Muslim tampaknya tak perlu diragukan. Di tengah padatnya jadwal pertandingan, bapak dua anak ini tak pernah lupa dengan kewajibannya sebagai Muslim. Ia senantiasa melaksanakan shalat lima waktu, di mana pun dan dalam kondisi apa pun. Baginya, shalat merupakan tiang agama yang harus ditegakkan.

Selain rajin melaksanakan shalat, Ribery juga dikenal sebagai pribadi yang santun dan rendah hati. Islam benar-benar telah mengubah perangainya yang keras dan arogan menjadi seorang pribadi yang santun dan memiliki akhlak mulia.

Sifat dan akhlaknya ini tak heran membuat kagum rekan-rekannya di timnas Prancis, FC Bayern Muenchen (tempat ia bermain bola saat ini), maupun kerabatnya.

Steve Bradore dari Organisasi Syuhada, yang melayani para mualaf Prancis, telah mengatakan bahwa muslim Prancis merasa bangga sekali dengan Ribery. ”Dia adalah sumber kebanggaan kami karena penampilannya yang khas dan kerendahhatiannya,” kata Steve, seperti dikutip dari situs Islamonline.net.

Saat ini, Ribery membela klub sepak bola Jerman, FC Bayern Muenchen. Di Bayern Muenchen, ia menempati posisi sebagai pemain gelandang. Kontrak Ribery bersama ‘FC Hollywood’–julukan Bayern Muenchen–akan berakhir pada 2011.

Ribery termasuk pesepak bola sukses. Di usianya yang baru 26 tahun, dia sudah mengoleksi berbagai gelar. Antara lain, satu gelar Fortis Piala Turki bersama Galatasaray di musim 2004/2005, Piala Intertoto bersama Olympique Marseille di tahun 2005, Piala Liga Jerman bersama Bayern Muenchen di tahun 2007, Piala Jerman dan Bundesliga Jerman di tahun 2008. Selain itu, penghargaan Pemain Terbaik Prancis di tahun 2007 dan 2008, juga pesepak bola Jerman terbaik di tahun 2008.

Franck Ribery yang lahir di Boulogne-sur-Mer, Perancis, 7 April 1983 memiliki tinggi badan 175 cm. Sebelum bermain di FC Bayern Muenchen, Jerman, pemain yang beroperasi sebagai gelandang serang ini berkarir di klub US Boulogne (2001-2002), Olympique Ales (2002-2003), Stade Brestois 29 (2003-2004), FC Metz (2004), Galatasaray (2005), dan Olympique Marseille (2005-2007).

Raja Bavaria

Di lapangan, ia hebat. Dalam kehidupan sosial, ia berkepribadian hangat. Sebagai individu, ia pun rajin salat. Franck Ribery adalah figur kesayangan publik Allianz Arena saat ini.

Bayern Munich selalu dihuni pemain berlabel bintang, tapi yang paling menonjol tergantung waktu dan kesempatan. Duet striker Miroslav Klose dan Luca Toni boleh menyita perhatian lewat produktivitas golnya, tapi Ribery amat menonjol dalam hal kreasi permainan di lapangan tengah.

Tidak salah Bayern memecahkan rekor transfernya untuk memboyong pria berusia 26 tahun itu. Faktanya, dalam tujuh bulan sejak bergabung dengan Bayern Muenchen, Ribery sudah berhasil menancapkan pengaruhnya, baik di klubnya maupun Bundesliga.

Pemain seharga 26 juta euro makin disenangi orang karena pembawaannya yang menyenangkan dan sikapnya selalu profesional. Di saat cuaca dingin bulan Februari masih mengakrabi Munich dan ia tengah berkutat dengan cedera kaki, Ribery tidak malas untuk tetap menghangatkan tubuhnya dengan muncul di kamp latihan.

Ia juga tak pernah menolak fans yang menginginkan tanda tangannya ataupun berfoto bersama, mulai dari anak-anak sampai orang dewasa. Dan, itu senantiasa ia lakukan dengan senyum mengembang di bibirnya.

“Mereka mungkin tak pernah melihat seorang pemain, seperti saya yang senang tertawa dan biasa berkelakar,” seloroh Ribery. “Saya ini orang yang sederhana dan simpel saja.”

Di koridor berbagai fasilitas kamp latihan Bayern, lelaki Prancis ini selalu menyapa orang-orang. “Saya ingin menjadi teman (siapa pun),” ujarnya sambil tersenyum, seperti dikutip AFP. “Dua menit untuk berfoto dan memberi tanda tangan buat fans amatlah penting karena buat mereka hal-hal ini sangat berarti.”

Senyum, tawa, dan sikap yang ramah untuk sementara menjadi “andalan” Ribery dalam berkomunikasi dengan penggemarnya, sebelum ia bisa menyempurnakannya dengan bahasa Jerman. Ia masih belum fasih, tapi setiap minggu rajin mengikuti kursus.

Ribery juga merasa bersyukur dirinya telah berhasil dalam kariernya, mengingat di masa kecil ia harus menjalani kehidupan yang sulit bersama keluarganya di daerah Boulogne-sur-Mer.

Namun, ia pun menyadari kesuksesan bukanlah sesuatu yang abadi. Roda nasib dalam kehidupan selalu berputar. “Atas semua yang telah saya alami, saya menyikapinya dengan tenang, tapi saya pun sadar pada semua nasib yang saya miliki.”

Yang jelas, Ribery telah menjadi sosok istimewa buat warga Munich. Jangan heran kalau di depan Theatinerkirche, yang ada di pusat kota tersebut, terpampang billboard raksasa bergambarkan Ribery memakai jubah raja, disertai tulisan “Bayern Hat Wieder Einen Konig” alias “Bavaria punya raja lagi”. Bavaria adalah julukan lain dari Bayern Muenchen selain FC Hollywood.

Lelaki yang di wajahnya ada bekas luka karena kecelakaan mobil yang dialaminya waktu kecil itu, sudah dianggap sangat penting untuk FC Hollywood. Di sebuah surat kabar, ada sebuah komentar berbunyi: “Bayern Munich tanpa Ribery seperti sekelompok anak-anak tanpa ibu.” dtc/sya/kem

Beberapa Pesepak Bola Muslim

- Zinedine Yazid Zidane
- Kolo & Yaya Toure (Arsenal & Barcelona)
- Robin Van Persie (Arsenal)
- Nicholas anelka (Bolton)
- Mohammed ‘Momo’ Sissoko (Liverpool)
- Ahmed ‘Mido’ Hossam (Boro)
- Hossam Ghaly (Totteham Hotspurs)
- Franck Riberry (Bayern Muenchen)
- Hamit & Halil Antiltop (Bayern Muenchen & Shalke 04)
- Frederik Kanoute (Sevilla)
- Mahamaddou Diarra (Real Madrid)
- Eric Abidal (Barcelona)
- Nuri Sahin (Feyenoord Rotterdam)
- Sulley Ali Muntari (Pompey)
- Zlatan Ibrahimovic (Inter)
- Hassan “Brazzo” Salihamidzic (Juventus)
- Khalid Boulahrouz (Sevilla)
- Salomon Kalou (Chelsea)
- El-Hadji Diouf (Bolton)
- Diomanssy Kamara (Fulham)
- Mohammed Kallon (Al-Ittihad ext. Inter & Monaco)
- Thiery Henry (Barcelona/Prancis)
- Lilian Thuram (Perancis)
- Lassana Diarra (Real Madrid)
- Karim Benzema (Lyon/Perancis)
- Samir Nasri (Arsenal)
- Hatem Ben Arfa (Lyon)

Pelatih Sepak Bola Muslim
- Bruno Metsu (mantan pelatih Senegal)
- Phillipe ‘Omar’ Trousier (mantan pelatih Jepang).
          Kenya's Reelected Leader Must End Horrifying Anal Exams        
Commentary

Will President Uhuru Kenyatta nudge his nation toward the future or keep it in the past?

WorldKenya's Reelected Leader Must End Horrifying Anal ExamsEric Gitari

Kenya, the economic and political powerhouse of Eastern and Central Africa, held an election this week to choose the fifth president of the country since independence. While the vote is still being contested by opposition leader Raila Odinga, it appears that incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta just won a second and final term. When it comes to defending the human rights of Kenya’s LGBTIQ citizens, Kenyatta’s record is critically important to our emerging democracy.

During President Obama’s visit to Kenya in 2015, Kenyatta said, “We share a lot of things, but gay issues are not among them. ... There are some things that we must admit we don't share. It's very difficult for us to impose on people that which they themselves do not accept. This is why I say for Kenyans today the issue of gay rights is really a nonissue." Kenyatta was responding to Obama, who emphasized the need for Kenya to stop discriminating against gays and lesbians, saying, “I've been consistent all across Africa on this. When you start treating people differently because they're different, that's the path whereby freedoms begin to erode. And bad things happen.”

During an interview with CNN in October 2015, Kenyatta underlined that what he meant when responding to Obama was not that gays have no rights. "I will not allow people to persecute any individuals, or beat and torture them," he said, adding that "we have to understand that these are processes and they take time ... and this is where I am saying we have to get synergies. You are not going to create the U.S., Great Britain, or Netherlands in Kenya, or in Nigeria or Senegal overnight."

President Kenyatta’s lack of leadership on LGBTIQ issues is of great concern. The unsupportive public statements have offered license to state officers who continue to harass and arrest gays and lesbians; political cover to those who deny LGBTIQ citizens access to medical, educational, and other social services; and a justification for hate crimes committed by the general public. The use of forced anal exams to “prove” homosexual activity stands out as a particularly brutal form of torture in this larger context.

From 2015 to March 2017, senior state officers in Kenya have been encouraging police to use forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women to prove the crime of private consensual homosexual adult sex, which is punishable with 14 years imprisonment. The outdated practice, which has so far been perfomed on two of our clients and has been used as a threat on others, involves a doctor inserting fingers or objects inside the rectum of a detainee, measuring the anus to assess indications of penetration, or even simply spotlighting the anus to check for bruises or tears. This practice, which has been upheld as valid by the High Court of Kenya, only serves to degrade and humiliate suspected gay men, since no further medical analysis is performed to prove the penetration was the result of consensual sexual activity by another man. These tests serve no evidentiary value in proving the crime of private consensual homosexual adult sex, and they have been denounced by medical and forensic athorities around the world.

In Africa, forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women have been reported in Tanzania, Egypt, Tunisia, Uganda, and Cameroon. The African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights noted in 2016 that forced anal examination constitutes torture. It has asked African states to respect Resolution 275 of the commission, which forbids violence and discrimination on the basis of real or imputed sexual orientation and gender identity. It also should be noted that Kenya has robust antitorture legislation, which defines torture to include the insertion of objects into sexual organs, including the anus. Unfortunately, there is little political will to extend the equal protection and equal benefits of such laws to gay men and trans women, who are now at risk of these forced anal examinations.

In this context, where there is no political will to enforce the law equally and where court appeals against the use of forced anal examinations languish in Kenyan courts, and with cases of blackmail, extortion, and detention of gay men and trans women on the rise, the National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission of Kenya and the Council for Global Equality have asked the U.S. government to sanction those who are responsible for this barbaric practice. Together, we have lodged an application with the U.S. State Department under the Global Magnitsky Act to sanction senior Kenyan officers and medical professionals who are encouraging or performing forced anal examinations on suspected gay men and trans women, arguing that these practices amount to torture or cruel, inhumane, and degrading treatment. We hope the public discourse that the Global Magnitsky application brings will shine a spotlight on the cruelty of this procedure, highlighting the pointless and irreversible injury it causes to the dignity of the victim. 

This is just one human rights issue that will determine Kenya’s commitment to democracy and the rule of law. President Kenyatta will have to show leadership in ending this act of torture and many other forms of violence and discrimination against LGBTIQ citizens. He must also engage diplomatically to avoid sanctions against senior individual state officers and to uphold the international reputation of Kenya as a regional leader when it comes to democracy and equality.

ERIC GITARI is the executive director of the NGLHRC-Kenya and an LL.M. student at Harvard Law School.

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          Comment on Get Karen to Haiti: Making a Healthy Difference for Mothers and Babies by Katie Martin        
This is such an amazing group doing heroic work! I was glad to read about COHI and what they are working to do in needy countries. A good friend of mine recently was in Senegal for 9 months working on programs to help deal with obstetric fistula in West Africa- I've been helping her with fundraising for organizations dealing with obstetric fistula for 5 years now. These NGOs are doing astounding work; it is such a shame that funding is so hard to come by. Did Karen meet her goal of $1000 to fund her trip yet? I surely hope so; she sounds like a stellar woman dedicated to the health, safety, and well-being of other women.
          Pod et Marichou – Saison 2 – Bande annonce – Episode 30        

Pod et Marichou – Saison 2 – Bande annonce – Episode 30

L’article Pod et Marichou – Saison 2 – Bande annonce – Episode 30 est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          Le nouveau club de Zlatan Ibrahimovic sera…        

Toujours engagé dans sa convalescence et libre de tout engagement, Zlatan Ibrahimovic pourrait finalement réintégrer l’effectif de Manchester United avec qui les pourparlers seraient engagés dans ce sens. Il y a bien sûr l’intérêt supposé de l’AC Milan, qui à en croire l’édition du jour du Corriere dello sport rêverait, pour parachever son pléthorique mercato de l’été, […]

L’article Le nouveau club de Zlatan Ibrahimovic sera… est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          Vidéo – Me WADE : « Je suis un musulman, je ne mens pas »        

Vidéo – Me WADE : « Je suis un musulman, je ne mens pas »

L’article Vidéo – Me WADE : « Je suis un musulman, je ne mens pas » est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          photos: Pod serait ‘il devenu l’Ange Gardien de Marichou ?        

Depuis que Pod avait décidé de travailler avec sa « puissance » Eva Lopez Diop, une atmosphère morose s’était installée entre la première dame Marichou et son homme. Leurs moments de complicité étaient transformés en moment d’hystérie, de cris, de dispute et j’en passe. Cela avait même poussé la « Team Marichou » à se révolter face à la […]

L’article photos: Pod serait ‘il devenu l’Ange Gardien de Marichou ? est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          Vidéo-scandale : Une équipe médicale a osé se mettre à danser devant un patient anesthésié et allongé sur une table d’opération – Regardez.        

Le scandale a éclaté en Colombie, plus précisément à l’hôpital de Santa Cruz de Bocagrande, à Cartagena. Dans ce centre hospitalier, une équipe médicale comprenant cinq docteurs et infirmières a été licenciée après que cette vidéo postée sur les réseaux sociaux devienne virale ! Dans la séquence jugée par la majorité des internautes comme étant […]

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          L’Aïd-Al-Adha ou Tabaski sera célébrée le 1er septembre 2017 au Sénégal        

L’expert en Astronomie, le docteur Abdoulaye Gaye a indiqué que la fête musulmane de l’Aïd-Al-Adha ou Tabaski sera célébrée le 1er septembre 2017, soit au 11-e jour de l’éclipse totale du Soleil, attendue le 21 août à 18h 31mn 34s. Cette éclipse totale qui traversera les Etats-Unis de part en part est un phénomène qui […]

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          Des migrants débarquent sur une plage au milieu des touristes        

Le contraste est saisissant. Des dizaines de migrants ont débarqué mercredi sur une plage de Cadix, en Espagne, se frayant un chemin au milieu des touristes avant de prendre la fuite. C’est un témoin de la scène qui a diffusé les images sur Twitter. On y voit un bateau penumatique arriver sur le rivage, avant […]

L’article Des migrants débarquent sur une plage au milieu des touristes est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          Football: Weah, Song, Fadiga, ces «fils de» qui veulent dépasser le père        

Timothy Weah, fils de Georges Weah, a signé cet été son premier contrat professionnel avec le PSG. Comme lui, d’autres fils de grands joueurs africains veulent suivre les traces de leur père respectif. Auront-ils les épaules assez larges ? Zoom sur six héritiers. « Tel père, tel fils ! » L’adage a rarement été vérifié […]

L’article Football: Weah, Song, Fadiga, ces «fils de» qui veulent dépasser le père est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          57 ANS ET POLYGAME, LE CHAUFFEUR S. SALL VIOLE UNE MINEURE DE 15 ANS ET PREND 5ANS FERME        

Une histoire de viol pas comme les autres a été jugé, hier, au tribunal de Dakar. Selon la victime de 15 ans, le mis en cause a usé de mysticisme pour l’atteindre. Attrait à la barre du tribunal des flagrants délits de Dakar pour les faits de viol, pédophilie et détournement de mineur, le sieur […]

L’article 57 ANS ET POLYGAME, LE CHAUFFEUR S. SALL VIOLE UNE MINEURE DE 15 ANS ET PREND 5ANS FERME est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          Climat tendu au Kenya dans l’attente des résultats officiels des élections        

Le président de la Commission électorale indépendante kényane a annoncé ce jeudi 10 août que les résultats finaux du scrutin de mardi ne seront pas connus avant, au plus tôt, ce vendredi après-midi. Hier, Raila Odinga a rejeté les résultats provisoires donnant Uhuru Kenyatta en tête. Des échauffourées ont éclaté et fait au moins quatre […]

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          Zodwa Wabantu : « Le président Robert Mugabe m’aime parce que je ne porte pas de slip »        

Zodwa est actuellement au Zimbabwe. Elle explique qu’avant d’effectuer le voyage, ses fans Zimbabwéens l’ont avertie d’adopter un comportement décent, quand elle arrivera pour éviter d’être interdite de rentrer dans le pays, parce que »Mugabe est un homme strict et décent. » « Les gens m’ont avertie concernant Mugabe sur les réseaux sociaux avant de […]

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          ( 13 Photos ) Cette jolie nymphe actrice de la série Pod et Marichou, est la fille d’un milliardaire sénégalais        

Coumba Ngom, une beauté fatale avec une tête bien faite Coumba Ngom la fille de Babacar Ngom, l’une des files les plus convoitées continuent de faire languir les hommes avec sa beauté fatale. Toutes les sorties publiques laissent cours aux rumeurs qui s’amplifient sur le compte de la fille du milliardaire sénégalais, le patron de […]

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          REVUE DE PRESSE FR DE ABDOULAYE DIOP DU 10 08 2017        

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          REVUE DE PRESSE WOLOF DE MAKOURA DIAGNE MAANA DU 10 08 2017        

L’article REVUE DE PRESSE WOLOF DE MAKOURA DIAGNE MAANA DU 10 08 2017 est apparu en premier sur Senegal Direct.


          La Policía reconoce la ‘caza’ de inmigrantes a domicilio en función de la agenda comercial de vuelos de deportación de AirEuropa        

Dos senegales serán expulsados mañana en uno de los vuelos de deportación contratados por el gobierno a Air Europa y Air Swift. Fueron detenidos en las inmediaciones de sus casas por policías vestidos de paisano que, según el atestado policial, fueron a buscarles expresamente porque tenían órdenes de expulsión pendientes y así serían deportados en el vuelo programado para mañana jueves. Uno de los detenidos ni siquiera había recibido aún la notificación de su orden de expulsión, que le fue entregada horas después cuando ya estaba en los calabozos. 


          Long Talking Bad Conditions Illinois Blues: A Report on &Now, A Festival of Innovative Writing and Art        
by
Ted Pelton
2006-11-03

I been to Chicago and I been to Detroit
But I never had a good time till I got up in Illinois

- Skip James, “Illinois Blues”

Chicago Self-Portrait

You are watching me, runny nose and throbbing headache, wheel an 80-lb. suitcase (for which United Airlines charged me a $25 overweight fee on the flight from Buffalo - still cheaper and more trustworthy than shipping) down Halsted Avenue in Chicago on a brisk sunny April Tuesday morning. The suitcase is freighted with books, and the books freighted with just about every spare moment I’ve had from my college teaching job for the last five years. Others write them, but I (with a small number of trusted associatesAs of August, 2006, these associates include Geoffrey Gatza, Florine Melnyk, Ed Taylor, and Kevin Thurston.) do just about everything else - editorial, layout, design, proofreading, working with printers, advertising, marketing, and, here, selling. This is not the picture I had in my mind of what an English professor does when I began a PhD program twenty years ago. (Jesus, twenty years ago?) It’s not that I didn’t think of English professors involving themselves in the making of new literature, even the production of new literature. I attended programs and studied with professors for whom small press writing was the only new American writing worth troubling with - and now here I am. I just always imagined I’d have grad students to do the actual shlepping around.

I am Dr. Ted Pelton, founder and Executive Director of Starcherone Books, a 501(c)(3) organization that utilizes publishing to fulfill its educational objectives of increasing awareness and appreciation of the avant-garde and innovative fiction that mainstream presses no longer have much interest in publishing, if they ever did. Later in the day I will speaking to a room full of graduate and undergraduate students at the University of Illinois-Chicago before heading on the next day to the &Now Conference at Lake Forest College, a half-hour North of the city. When I tell the assembly today about small press publishing, the images in my listeners’ minds will have to do with piles of manuscripts, desktop publishing programs, and the like. No one will ask about luggage. It’s just as well.

This trip is the third of four with Starcherone this Spring: Tallahassee and Austin done, Boulder to come. I caught the cold ten days ago on a flight back from New York where I had read from my own new novel to an audience of 5 people, one of whom was Tod Thilleman, publisher of Spuyten Duyvil Books, another Nava Renek, an SD author, and a third was the woman waiting to close up the place when we were finished. When I later today appear on a panel with Gina Frangello, founder/publisher of Other Voices Books, she will do me two better, delivering her talk with strep throat and having recently given birth. Making literature today is hard work, but small press publishers are headstrong stock, daunted neither by hardship or illness in their self-styled fight against corporate sameness.

That last is a rather nice reportage journalism sentence, don’t you think?

Other Voices

Mike Neuwirth of Bridge Magazine and Michael Leary of Flood Editions are the other panelists with Gina and I in a sixth floor multipurpose room in one of the towers that make up the University of Illinois campus. All of us do slightly different things. Bridge went from a journal-styled paperback format a couple of years ago to its current newsprint magazine format with a circulation of 30,000. They are the most mainstream presence on our panel, seemingly with a “real people” audience rather than this crowd’s usual specializations and art ambitions - Neuwirth freely banters about the types of issues one would see in Publisher’s Weekly, while nonetheless trumpeting small press successes. The question of audience is a significant one in the small press world. Some see their roles as working to create art, with a select initial audience and the hope more will catch on, but nonetheless assuming the traditional avant-gardist’s approach that the work comes first, and good work will attract good readers. Others say that the literary establishment has grown so petrified and risk-averse that it can no longer even tell the central stories of our time. These presses seek to be popular, perhaps even to “catch on.” But as a result, such publications may select material away from the harder edge experimental work of the moment, work which is likely to turn off the typical reader looking for a breezier experience with his or her reading material. We are all caught somewhere between these two poles because it is hard to sustain any American enterprise without engagement with free enterprise, with all its attendant mercantile assumptions. You don’t choose one or the other, but you are always conscious of both, however you choose to manuever.

(It’s a problem not only limited to fiction. I am reminded of this music example: while no one would argue the Beatles weren’t good, one still laughs when Mark E. Smith of The Fall declaims of them and post-Beatles commercial groups: “All the English groups/Act like peasants with free milk/On a route/On a route to the loot/To candy mountain/Five wacky English proletariat idiots.”)

Anyway, Mike Neuwirth tells a story about Joe Meno, a Chicago author I haven’t heard of (which in itself doesn’t mean much, there being many different worlds within the so-called small press world). It’s the kind of story small pressers love to hear and tell: how Meno published two books with big Harper-Collins but it was only when he did his third book with Akashic that the books started to sell, thanks to the individual attention given to authors and their titles by small presses. But then Akashic, from where I sit, is practically a mainstream press. Yes, they’re so-called indie, but, with an alternative pedigree more descended from the successes of Pearl Jam than Oulipo, they’re the type of New York indie alt-press media darlings an establishment scene - Publisher’s Weekly, The Nation, the Association of American Publishers - understands and is more likely to embrace; in other words, they are culturally but not necessarily formally progressive, and accepting of and positioned to succeed within a certain engagement with free enterprise. Meno’s book in question is called Hairstyles of the Damned: you get the picture. No, they’re not the enemy. Yes, maybe I am just jealous.

On the other end of the spectrum is Michael O’Leary of Flood Editions, purveyors of beautifully designed, high-minded poetry by the likes of Graham Foust, Lisa Jarnot, Pam Rehm, Ronald Johnson, and other avant-garde heroes, many from my own Buffalo, dear Beat poetry-mad Buffalo, a city where you can draw three hundred people to the 80th birthday party of Robert Creeley a year after he’s been dead and two years after he moved to Rhode Island. O’Leary is quiet in the brouhaha that follows, being a poetry guy and thus seeing widespread popularity as something other people think about, fiction people, or students in creative writing programs who still imagine they will have audiences, who haven’t yet been trampled on by the invisible stampedes of neglect. “All writers feel neglected,” Ronald Sukenick (postmodern hero novelist/Fiction Collective co-founder/American Book Review publisher) once said in a workshop class I took and I have quoted it often, having grown up in an age where I feel those wounds as acutely as he did. Like earlier today, stumbling down the avenue with heavy bag and headcold. Or when I will pay the airline the excess baggage fee again on the way back, bringing home most of my books from the road.

“The brouhaha that follows” … well, not exactly a brouhaha, but Mike Neuwirth takes issue with my statement that the average fiction title in the United States sells only about 300 copies, my point being that ALL new fiction publishing, even the divisions of Murdoch and Bertlesmann with their many imprints and stacks of tomes in Borders and Barnes & Noble, is dying, and if they’re only selling 300 copies, hell, I can do that. And this statistic is what Cris Mazza (my host, novelist, short-story writer, UIC fiction prof) tells me her students (fearful perhaps their parents were right - there truly is nothing in this “art thing”) most buzz about after the fact, so when I return home I try to substantiate this figure - God I wish I had been a good scholar and written down where this stat came from, publishers being so guarded about sales figures (as opposed to “print runs,” which they love to release and ballyhoo).The small presses, without the establishment resources at their command, must generally rely on anecdotal information regarding others’ sales. Here, for instance, is an excerpt from an email I received yesterday from one of our new authors: “I had a long chat with J. [an agent] not long ago in which he told me about a certain young, fairly-well-hyped writer of literary fiction who had a book on McSweeney’s and whose next book came out this spring on a big NY house; this latter book got a good amount of attention from literary blogs when it was released. J. had lunch with the book’s editor a while back, who told him that the book has sold 80 copies…” One of the reasons, of course, that sales of individual fiction titles are so poor is that the current paradigm for corporate publishers is to keep new books available for only 3-6 months and if they don’t sell in that time, publishers remainder them and move on. Thus they provide a potential edge for small presses which generally keep books available for longer terms or even perpetually. I like to quote Emerson against this mainstream publishing trend, indicating that the way literature actually works isn’t in keeping with mainstream corporate publishing assumptions: “Never read any book that is not a year old.” But when I return home I do find this statement on the net: 93% of fiction published in the US for which ISBNs were provided (thus not counting chapbooks or micro-press books) sell fewer than 1000 copies, according to a presenter at the Nielsen BookScan-sponsored Book Summit 2005, and this 93% of titles accounts for 13% of sales. Publishing is sort of like wealth today in America: the few are consolidating their power, making a very few people/titles mega-rich and saying to the rest of us and what was formerly called Our National Literature, go fuck yourself.For the purposes of this article I tried to find out how much BookScan charges for their sales tabulation information. An email query led to a salesperson who, four emails later, would not quote me a figure unless I agreed to set up a demo of the service and start a contract. Many aspects of the publishing industry similarly structure access through financial hurdles. All US ISBN numbers, the way one is entered into the national bookselling marketplace, are controlled by a single company, R. R. Bowker. Bowker sells 10 ISBNs at $27 each, 100 ISBNs at $9.15 each, or 10,000 at 34¢ each. Being a small press is something like having to purchase your start-up office furniture exclusively at the price-gouging rates of Rent-to-Own. When I was a PhD student, I worked on Herman Melville, perhaps this country’s greatest novelist but a weirdo in his own time, to be sure, whom some contemporary reviewers feared had gone insane (especially after he wrote Pierre) and who was no great friend of the publishing industry of his own moment. But here is my point: would a situation whereby D. H. Lawrence, in 1920, nearly three decades after Melville’s death, discovered Mardi, Omoo, and Moby-Dick, be possible today? Such a scenario only exists if the books get printed to begin with. And if this printing happens, which publishers are the ones most likely to make this possible? Ones whose responsibility is first to literature or those whose responsibility is first to their corporate parents? Who is likely to publish a novel today for whom there is little or no contemporary audience, but which might one day be discovered, in the context of a survey work on classic American Literature, in the year 2045? If there is, on the shoulders of contemporary small publishers, a need to give voice to the culturally marginalized, á la Akashic, there is also a need to give venues to “new compositions in the arts,” as Gertrude Stein called them when she said that such works “were outlaws right up until the moment they were considered classics, with hardly a moment in between.”

In Chicago, my own press has the most affinity with Gina Frangello and Other Voices which began as a literary magazine and now scrapes together funds to put out one short fiction collection a year, determined by an annual contest with the first winner being Tod Goldberg’s Simplify. Of greater interest to me, though (judging books by their covers), is Frangello’s own book, My Sister’s Continent, a complex and challenging-looking (compliments in my vocabulary) novel based on Freud’s Dora case, published by Chiasmus Press. Chiasmus’s publisher Lidia Yuknavitch is prevented from joining the panel from her home in Portland, Oregon, but her statement, read aloud to the gathering by OV Editor Marina Lewis, says Chiasmus was founded to resist the corporatization of literature, and to publish new work she believes in which isn’t finding venues elsewhere. No mention of sales or profits. That, I nod, is what it is all about. Other voices.

What helps fiction sales - blogs, readings, reviews? What do you think of print-on-demand? Do writers who want to get published realize that they have a duty as well to support the small press economy? Will we be able to withstand the pressures of a society that is increasingly anti-reading? Do we have to increase numbers or is it possible to exist in hundreds of separate fiefdoms of audiences which share and communicate with each other and remain viable without appeasing the monster of expansion, the ineluctable direction of capitalism, always urging bigger, wider, more massive? But if that is not what literature is, should we admit and stake our claim on the proposition that literature and the expansive designs structured by capitalism are inversely proportional?

Questions fill the room. I haven’t even gotten to Lake Forest yet.

Fabulous Wealth

And now, through the magic of editing, I am in Lake Forest, an opulent Northern burb. The streets between downtown Lake Forest, the college a mile in one direction and the conference center a mile in another, are not lined with streetlights because the owners of the fabulous mansions in these environs don’t want people walking around in their neighborhoods at night. Walk, dear? I won’t hear of it. If you have anyplace you absolutely have to get to, just take the Mercedes. Or better yet, have Juan drive you. Strange place for a gathering of visiting art freaks, music-mixers, post-metafictionists, hybrid fusionists, pomo parodists, indie pirates, and the like - and so say all the visiting art freaks, music mixers, post-metafictionists, hybrid fusionists, pomo parodists, indie pirates, and the like to each other upon their arrivals here, preparing to take stock of our own glorious wealth.

William Gass

I have never finished a book by William Gass. He goes on too long for me - and yes, I am aware of this contradiction, in that I said above how much I liked the difficult in writing. Call it a matter of taste. Wait, no, I did finish On Being Blue, the one book of his in which he seemed to momentarily allow himself slenderness of expression. Beautiful book, that. I did also like “In the Heart of the Heart of the Country,” his long story in the same-named collection. In any case, William Gass becomes the hero of my first afternoon at &Now in an opening panel that also features the not inconsiderable talents of Shelley Jackson and Nambi Kelley (more of each anon). Gass in person is remarkable: 80 years old, hale, lucid, wispy white bowl haircut, dark-rimmed round glasses, wise sad eyes and wry playfulness causing him to resemble an emissary from another age - Buster Keaton as an emeritus professor. His remarks indicate that he himself regards his presence as a visitation from elsewhere: the avant-garde of our fathers and grandfathers. He tells us of the differences between our lands: then, there was something more of a cohesion between different artists; now, there are more types of art and media available for expression, diffusion, multiplicity.

Shelley Jackson is next. It is my first exposure to her work, though I am aware of at least one of her projects, a story in which the words were tattooed on the skin of volunteers, a living work that at the same time is impossible to receive except in fragments. Shelley is striking to look at, any place one looks. On her own inside wrist is tattooed “SKIN,” appropriately. Her hair is the color of fire - not a uniform color, that is, but composed of reds, oranges, yellows, and browns. Yet, despite her formidable visual presentation, she begins to speak somewhat waveringly, reassuringly to some degree: she’s nervous. Her work, she says, seeks to position itself against a fairly complacent contemporary writing world which she finds “dedicated to an illusory image of its own purity.” One anti-literary project was the tattoos; another is her creation of what she calls “The Interstitial Library,” a theoretical project in the spirit of Blanchot’s and Roland Barthes’s similar conceits about bodies of text around and beyond us at all moments. Jackson and her collaborator, Christine Hill, imagine a library that exists in the interstices between presently existing books in the world’s physical and virtual libraries. As Jackson is equally an artist and a writer, as well as a skilled web designer, the library grounds itself in the actuality of a website. But from there it goes out again into the imaginary, as both regards works and their possible existences: “Its vast holdings are dispersed throughout private collections, used bookstores, other libraries, thrift stores, garbage dumps, attics, garages, hollow trees, sunken ships, the bottom desk-drawers of writers, the imaginations of non-writers, the pages of other books, the possible future, and the inaccessible past.”

Nambi Kelley is last. As befits an artist who does a great of her work around the world in acting workshops intended to foster, as she puts it, “global communities,” Nambi Kelley refuses to allow us to remain seated, academic-style, in this conference room. A slender, small-framed woman in fingerless knit gloves and a ball of twisted braids atop her head, she asks first what African-American playwrights we are familiar with; she is featured herself in a current L.A. production of August Wilson’s Joe Turner’s Come and Gone. Her presence here has theatricality - she stands and speaks, her hands dance in the air. She throws an object into the crowd - make up a story, she instructs, throw it to someone else. The game ends too early - I mean, in this room we could do it all day. But the point is made - in a world where manufacturers tell us art is this or that outside ourselves, we should not forget this basic essence of expression. Duh … people!

William Gass now has his heroic moment, fielding a question from the crowd meant to trip us up: Aren’t you just saying what everybody says? In the corporate boardrooms of America, aren’t they just figuring out ways to make it new? Aren’t we all always already homogenized? Haven’t they taken away our language, those geniuses of capitalism, haven’t they rendered us impotent, anything we might say here only sounding the same as what we’re always being told and sold? Gass is not to be so easily dismissed, and indeed he turns the tables, calmly, serenely. Any derision I give his response here is my own, because Gass himself stays above anger, indignation, resentment. Dear boy, he says to the questioner, They only do that in the attempt to sell us products. Don’t mistake the language they steal from us as anything but new bottles into which they serve their old wine. Oh, but he’s so much more articulate, refined, cool, and cutting, leaving the room still with wonder. I get too involved in the emotion of the moment to record for posterity his actual words. I am too much the foot soldier to remember to be the scribe.

My Problems

Which becomes my problem over the next few days. I participate, and only as an afterthought restore myself to the position of feigned-objective observer. It also becomes clear to me, when on the last day I hear people talking about the electronic music and video presentations they’ve witnessed here, that I attend a different festival than a lot of the others. I attend events concurrent with other events, and can only be that one person I am; I ignore too much, fail to witness too much, don’t take account of all I am involved in, and it slips past me, leaving me with only these few sad notes, so much less than what is actually occurring. Sticking close to fiction on both days, among the concurrent sessions I miss are those engaging literature and multimedia, performance poetry, experimental film, mathematically engendered writing by women, and a host of other media, operations, and art-form combinations.

My apologies to all those who were at &Now and don’t appear in this account, either because I didn’t attend your session, took poor notes, or couldn’t fit you into the final article. I should have been a better chronicler than I am. A team of chroniclers!

The Dead

It’s a fallacy that the dead live in the distant past, Shelley Jackson tells us from the podium that evening, star of the first plenary. Some are from only a minute ago. I love the performance that follows - Jackson reading from a text that brings together the website we see projected above her, also of her own design, her work in progress, The Shelley Jackson Vocational School for Ghost Speakers and Hearing Mouth Children. The site’s url is now lost to me, but this is what I recall seeing: an official seal such as one might find gracing an old brick-and-mortar academic hall, one that introduces the visitor to a school devoted to capturing the voices of the dead as miniature physical objects rendered in wax, objects which have also been sculpted by Jackson who works simultaneously as author, artist, and web designer. The objects themselves, or the images of them that we see, are haunting in their echoes of our dream-images of the unseeable, conditioned by 19th-century spirit photography and similar to paranormal explorations that pseudo-sciences have engaged in over the centuries; this sense is reinforced by Jackson’s schematic drawings of bodies and inventions used in the refinement of sound-objects generated by the dead, rendered in effective imitative detail. Her imaginations are bodied forth in very convincing craftspersonship.

Jackson also engages a rich paradox in the life of the avant-garde artist: the artist looks forward, toward creating the new, but the very act of being an artist puts one in an irresistible dialogue with the dead - at least partly because many of our resources are given us by those who have passed from the living world: “Everything you know about yourself,” reads Jackson, “is by-gone. You are your own ghost.” Why should we not also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Because we speak their languages; since we may well be animated by them, what could we recognize purely as our own? In the style of the channeler of the paranormal, Jackson then proceeds to lead the auditorium in an exercise whereby we allow the dead to speak through us. We are instructed to relax, let the sound come from deep in the throat, etc., and in the dimmed room we begin to hear others and ourselves intone strange moans from some other place. And/or, we play along, and in the front of the room Jackson can hardly keep from laughing at our successful channelings. The power of Jackson’s work is in its ability to engage its audience’s sense of play with the daunting, tantalizing unknown. She is a significant artist whose work breaks boundaries in the received conceptions of the separability of writing, art, and electronic media, without losing sight of the interests of literature. This is how new literature is made.More of Jackson’s work can be seen at http://www.ineradicablestain.com.

To be fair, given my anti-corporate screed above: Jackson’s new novel, her first, Half-Life, is out this month from HarperCollins, and obviously I do not consider this an example of bad corporate publishing. Jackson, like Ben Marcus, is an example of a significant contemporary literary artist who is supported by the commercial publishing industry. But then again, they may also be exceptions that prove the rule.

Magnified Section

I attend a panel the next morning scheduled for 9:30 but I get in a few moments after it has started, having set up my table and tried to construct a means by which, as unlikely and unsuccessful an endeavor as it sounds, customers might leave money for Starcherone books while I am off galavanting elsewhere. My book table is flanked on the right by the Brooklyn crew from Spuyten Duyvil and on my left by the terrific array of poetic objects produced by Miekal And, Maria Damon, and associates (an incidental note: it is very hard to effectively google a man with the last name “And”), including one I pick up for purchase: a 1992 Xexoxial Editions compilation entitled Magnified Section. This book features work by, among others, Critical Art Ensemble, a group with one member, Steve Kurtz, currently enmeshed in legal difficulties, with charges filed against him by the FBI and Department of Homeland Security Joint Terrorism Task Force for illegally trading in biological substances that actually are legal for trade, a prosecution that is widely seen in the artistic community as ideologically based.For more information see the CAE official website. In short, Magnified Section is one of those great publications one can only find done by a micro-press: simultaneous art object and slapdash, cheap material production but gloriously beautiful, with an orange and yellow splattered cover resembling those 60s abstract films with projected light through blood or paint blotches. Inside, a kind of anarchist aesthetic of xeroxes, early computer graphics, found art, and fake slogans: “God for Bid,” “Antigens and Contagions,” “Driftless Permaculture,” etc. The entirety seems to come not from New York (though some contributors are evidently headquartered there, but from odd places like LaFarge, Wisconsin, and Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Art, poetry, social document of who knows what, all in one. Wild.

My morning running like a sentence I can’t find the end of, I enter late a room where Ralph Berry, Director of FC2 and Professor of English at Florida State University, is already giving his paper.

Berry is one of my heroes in the small press publishing world. Over the years, FC2 has published, in its current imprint or as Fiction Collective/Black Ice Books (two other names by which it has gone the past 30 years), many of the greats of a strand of innovative fiction almost completely ignored by commercial publishers: Raymond Federman, Ronald Sukenick, Ursule Molinaro, Gerald Vizenor, Marianne Hauser, Harold Jaffe, and many others. Yet despite its long and critically respected history, FC/FC2 has, particularly in the last decade, gone nearly invisible in the mainstream literary world. So woeful has this neglect become that perhaps the best and most significant aspect of Ben Marcus’s attack on Jonathan Franzen in Harper’s (with which I was in general agreement) was that a mainstream glossy New York magazine was finally forced to print the name FC2, which Marcus mentioned in passing in the article. Despite Harper’s styling itself a culturally progressive magazine, I can’t recall ever seeing them acknowledge the literary margins before (I do recall one, but only one, instance in The New Yorker). Berry himself is a Southern Gentleman of the type I never knew existed, or would have thought had long since ceased to exist (growing up in suburban New York teleculture Hee Haw and the Klan were my predominant images of Dixie); Berry is passionately committed to art, entirely open in his intellectual conversation, yet soft-spoken, dignified, and polite to a fault. I pick up some of the thread of his argument: he is discussing the role of the fraudulent in art, given the potential for the relativity of interpretation since Duchamp, Cage, and others made the very nature of artistic craft problematic. He then transitions into discussing art that produces its own theory as it produces itself, citing the FC2 book, Blue Guide to Indiana by Michael Martone, as a case in point. This faux-travel guide, a formal pastiche of the actual Blue Guide series of travel guides, locates its subject where all Martone’s work locates itself, in Indiana, or rather under the linguistic sign “Indiana.” Berry points out that Martone’s is not so much a “fiction about Indiana” as “a real travel guide to a not-yet-existent Indiana.” I have heard Berry say elsewhere (and perhaps he has said it in the part of the talk I missed) that such fictive gaming is not, as would perhaps appear to the uninitiated, an end in itself, but a means by which we are led to reflect on the fictive operations all around us. After all, stories of any kind come to us through processes of digestion, selection, characterization, and, at their most insidious extremes, spins and the deliberate constructions of organs of official sense-making: governments, the press, etc.

Suspicions of how discourse constructs contemporary accepted realities and the ways in which novels work to reveal these processes becomes a shared contention of all three talks. Brian Evenson, fiction writer, translator, and Chair of the Literary Arts Program at Brown, is next, speaking of the difficulties of defining the novel genre. In one sense, the question of what a novel is, he says, already has an answer in the forming of that question: a novel is that which looks like a novel. But a novel may also, as Bakhtin wrote many decades ago, be any text which exhibits heteroglossia, language in all its variations. The novel, said Bahktin, was the form that made itself most welcome to the inclusion of various discourses (Martone or Jackson are certainly examples, though of course the latter employs fictive-based media forms rather than what one would typically say pertain to a “novel”) and positions itself against monologism, “a false, single view of the world.” While Evenson notes Bakhtin has his problems - he left unexamined his valuing of the novel among other genres, as well as his devaluing of poetry - his construction of what is novelistic remains compelling. The work of defining genre, nevertheless, is always a continual one, with finer and finer distinctions coming into play. In a sense, purporting to be a science, it is finally a pseudoscience whose classifications are ultimately always problematic. Evenson closes by citing a contemporary example of a hard-to-classify but nevertheless successful novel, Patrik Ouredník’s Europeana: A Brief History of the Twentieth Century. Constructed with “metahistorical but undifferentiated information,” Ouredník’s book utilizes actual (and in some cases somewhat fanciful) history to create a seemingly unreal picture of the world of the previous century. His work is a type of making strange that is different from the recent fictional trend of looking at the world from a slightly futuristic point in time by destabilizing or re-fixing the past from our own moment in time; such destabilization happens with the help of a discursive strategy that is not precisely history because its selection of details includes those that would not be included typically in a history:

The Americans who fell at Normandy in 1944 were sturdy young men and they measured an average of 173 cm tall, and if they were laid one after another, with the soles of their feet to the crowns of their heads, together they would measure 38 kilometers. The Germans were also sturdy young men, and the sturdiest of all were the Senegalese riflemen in World War One. They measured 176 cm, and so they were sent into the front ranks to scare the Germans. It was said that in World War One people fell like seeds, and later the Russian Communists calculated how much fertilizer a kilometer of corpses would yield, and how much they could save on expensive foreign fertilizer if they used the corpses of traitors and criminals. (qtd. in Bolton)

Steve Tomasula, who teaches at Notre Dame and, like Evenson, is both an FC2 author and a college professor, picks up the thread of the novelistic in presumably stable discourse by choosing as his subject Alan Sokal’s infamous fraudulent essay on quantum gravity in Social Text; in Sokal’s own words, “a pastiche of left-wing cant, fawning references, grandiose quotations, and outright nonsense … structured around the silliest quotations I could find about mathematics and physics.” Sokal’s intent was to argue the limits of postmodern theories of the instability of signification; he wished to reaffirm the facthood of at least an aspect of scientific truth beyond the alleged instability of signification systems which reify or describe such truths. To Tomasula, Sokal’s linguistic experiment shows the opposite of what he intended: “Frauds in scientific journals show us that there is at least as much desire … as anything else in the selection of articles” purporting truth claims, and such desires are the inescapable condition of interpretation. There is no outside to this postmodern formulation of the conditions of knowledge-gathering, which Tomasula delivers succinctly in four propositions:

Reality is constituted in language.
Language is subject to interpretation.
Interpretation is contingent upon subjectivity.
Subjectivity is subject to temporality.

This last, “temporality,” is the position of the observer, á la Heisenberg, at any particular moment - the observer’s experiences, tools, and desires. Modernity, as Tomasula concludes, in concert with his fellow panelists, means having to question everything in a contingent sphere of particular interests and discourses. A construction of the novel vital to our time must participate in such an understanding of the nature of representations, and such novels that do this are to be valued for continuing to do important work in the course of human understanding.

The Women of FC2

I now spend the next two days checking out all the new fiction I can, particularly by writers with whom I’m unfamiliar. First is a trio of women published by FC2 - Lucy Corin, Jessica Treat, and Debra DiBlasi.

Corin is a package of surprises: an assistant professor at UC Davis with trimmed hair and round glasses, she looks from certain angles like a Harry Potter-ish boy naif. But later in the evening, I’ll discover that she shoots a wicked game of pool. Reading from Everyday Psychokillers: A History for Girls, Corin’s sentences sound at some moments like she’s channeling Lewis Carroll, at others like a language-conscious feminist sociologist two drinks into a cocktail party. One comic text that she reads is fashioned as a list: “Things I don’t do except mockingly.” “Times I watch with detached indifference as my house gets more disgusting.” Good stuff: female lives caught in worlds of male assumption and construction, the work of disentanglement in which any woman’s subjectivity is necessarily engaged.

Next, Jessica Treat, not necessarily as experimental as other FC2 writers, but an accomplished storyteller, wryly aware of the issues involved in her work’s presentation: “I was on the phone last night with my girlfriend and she was telling me why it [my writing] was experimental. I remember the word ‘subtle’.” I am a fan of these subtleties in Treat, and am on record as such: she appears in Starcherone’s new anthology of hybrid prose, PP/FF (Conners).

Finally, Debra DiBlasi, who is the most formally inventive of the three, at least from what I see in this sampling. She discusses her use of “Storyspace,” the first-generation hypertext software, then goes into a story about gaps, lacunae, places where you get lost in life or in text. She reads selective sentences from a story and there is no loss of experience, the presentation imagistic, cerebral. “I stopped stuttering when she [my sister] ran away from home. It was like she took away the gaps.”

Afterward, DiBlasi stops at the Starcherone table and we discuss doing an anthology of erased text. It may never happen, but it’s a great idea.

Spuyten Duyvil

The Spuyten Duyvil reading the next morning begins with an impassioned, half-lunatic blast from SD’s mercurial director, Tod Thilleman, so full of accusation and bravado that Tsipi Keller to his right is spurred to spontaneous applause half-way through the rant. I don’t feel like I’m quite awake but manage to get down a couple of his sentences: “I’m trying to understand what I am doing by publishing all these books.” It’s true - as indie publishers go, very few if any out-produce SD. Starcherone does four books a year, FC2 does six; Spuyten Duyvil, publishing fiction, poetry, limited edition art books, and occasional non-fiction, does close to twenty. Thilleman has been called to this, he tells us, by the abdication of literature by mainstream publishing: “Publishing is not literature. Publishing may used to have been literature, but now it’s an industry, the publishing industry.”

The books that SD does (at least those whose authors are on display here) are less deliberately experimental than those of FC2, with the exception of Christian TeBordo (whose Conviction and Subsequent Life of Savior Neck is classic self-reflexive, trip-over-itself metafiction; he’ll be an interesting writer to watch as he develops) and, to a certain extent, Noam Mor, Eugene Garber and Tsipi Keller both read from books that are literary but not particularly formally challenging, inasmuch as one can tell from the presentations. Garber’s novel is a lyrical, period love story set in fin de siècle Vienna (sample set-up sentences: “Anna worries about having a soul. Turn of the century women in Vienna worried about this sort of thing.”); Keller’s is the second volume in a cleverly written trilogy about women struggling with possession of their bodies and desires in the contemporary US (sample sentence about neon billboards on a nightclub strip: “Nipples pointed every which way, owing perhaps to the hasty way in which they were stuffed into the bra.”).

Again the question is raised: why are these authors of very capably written, intellectually entertaining novels on the outside of the literary establishment?

Noam Mor takes up the job of answering. His own reading has been of a disturbing piece of interweaving voices featuring at one point a rather John Hawkes-like description of a termite queen (sample: “Even after I beheaded her, she kept birthing.”). Today’s book marketplace, he says, is even more cynical and profit-driven than one imagines if one just sees it as having mainstream tastes and shunning the experimental. Rather, it appears to be entirely driven by sales and marketing strategies, ignoring (as Thilleman earlier suggested) concerns of the literary entirely. Sales reps see niches - the single career-woman niche, the young phenom niche, the celebrity-in-a-different-field niche, Father’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc. - and ask, does your book have certain properties? “Good books,” publishable commodities, are those books that appeal to these markets; lacking these, a book is unlikely to be picked up.

Is it possible that the role of the small presses has expanded to the point where they are needed to save mainstream literature? Industry defenders might counter that, at a time when there are more books being published in the US than ever, we may have too many authors in the US - that is, more writers than there are readers to support them. But is this surfeit of authors, if such exists, a product of niche-marketing as opposed to a problem such marketing is an attempt to solve (after all, much of the new books in the overloaded marketplace seem to be of the Britney-and-her-mother-co-write-a-book-about-Mother’s Day variety)?See Amazon for Britney and Lynne Spears, A Mother’s Gift: a novel, here. Incidentally, so we’re all clear on how the bread is buttered, Publisher’s Weekly reviewed this title, but they have never reviewed a title published by Starcherone Books, despite our repeated attempts to contact them and follow their fetishistic review submission instructions to the letter. Are the interests of literature muscled out by the book industry’s more persuasive desire to get non-book-buyers to buy books (for instance, as happened with Harry Potter, where suddenly it was as important for every child to have these books for Christmas as it was in previous Christmases for them to have Cabbage Patch or Tickle Me Elmo dolls)?

I often wonder whether publishing and promoting avant-garde writing, activities I’ve always understood to be forward-looking and progressive, aren’t actually conservative acts - not politically conservative, mind you, but conservative in the sense of trying to save, or conserve, culture. I have written occasionally about this tendency of late, calling it pastmodernism: “It’s strange to me what we do,” I wrote in an early entry of the blog Lance Olsen and I founded this past May, Now What: A Collective Blog of Alternative Prose Writers and Publishers. “We are forward-looking in an activity plainly our culture is leaving behind …. [I]n the position of salvaging, of casting backward, of recovery, of withstanding erosion.”

We may have reached a moment in cultural history where a certain type of looking backward has become inseparable from and as revolutionary as so-called looking forward.

Evening Gass & Afternoon Nambi

“You first meet a painting like a pie in the face.”

William Gass is well into the first evening’s reading of an essay that sometimes seems like a story, or a story that sometimes seems like an essay, or perhaps just a kind of linguistic variety show, which waxes lyrical at times and at others detours into limericks about nuns, sailors, and the Pope. It occurs to me that his particular talent is that different audience members seem to be reacting to different moments in his performance, perhaps as a result of the fact that what he has to say is evocative of all the materials and sounds and textures of what makes writing, art, and music alive for all of us, in different ways, as here attested by a man who has lived a life in the arts, and as a writer. Which is not to say that the seventy minutes he reads doesn’t seem like seventy minutes. It does.

I am more taken the next day by the late afternoon performance of Nambi Kelley who reads, voices, and sings from her work as a playwright, including a hip-hop reenvisioning of Antigone, backed by jazz guitarist and drums. I fear this reading is going to succumb to preciousness at the start - “She got to bury her uncle but her brother doesn’t want her to?” - but soon the language and Kelley’s passion take control and lead to an artistic epiphany: the violence that seems so full of meaning in Greek tragedy experiences a sea change when transposed to the modern urban environment, the place generally characterized as one of “senseless violence.” Violence is violence: it is always senseless, and always brings about devastating and wrenching suffering and pain, as well as plots for revenge, the stuff of history and drama. As in much of Greek drama, the fight against war and killing is likely to be led by disempowered women rising above their socially constrictive roles.

I think of Cindy Sheehan.

Fiction Machines

I drift back to my book table and check my cash cup. Little surprise, very few dollars have found their way there. I ask Tsipi Keller, who is now minding the Spuyten Duyvil table to one side of me, how they have done for sales. Very well, it turns out. I turn to the other side and ask Mikael And. He is also grinning. It is now clear to me that Starcherone has given up sales revenue so that I can keep up my schedule of attending numerous events, driven by the assignment to document this festival for electronic book review. Hear that, Tabbi? You owe my press money!

As I fret about this, Dimitri Anastasopoulos comes by my table to remind me of a favor I promised him. I know Dimitri and his wife Christina Milletti from Buffalo. To my mind they are experimental fiction’s most striking couple: Dimitri tall and sturdy with curls of black hair that make him always look like he’s just returned from sailing; Christina with even more notable coiffure, pink at the moment, and thus visible in any crowd, as when Geoffrey Gatza and I once picked her out in the lobby of the Chicago Hilton during AWP from a hundred yards away and ascending, riding up the escalator and looking back, stilled as twin wives of Lot. Both are fiction writers, Dimitri the author of the novel, A Larger Sense of Harvey (lovingly called by Rain Taxi, “an eccentric high-dive into language” (Czyz)); Christina of the recently released short story collection, The Religious and Other Fictions. Dimitri now hands me a statement I am to read aloud prior to his reading with Dave Kress and Edward Desautels, “An Exhibition of Information Produced by Fiction Machines.”

The statement challenges remarks made by British novelists V.S. Naipaul and Ian McEwan, to the effect that in the post-9/11 world we now live in such complex times that fiction no longer is as effective a means of rendering contemporary reality as nonfiction. The “fiction machines” designed by the Anastasopoulos, Kress, and Desautel are attempts to write different forms to embody “the complexities of today’s world” (Donadio “Irascible”) and to respond to McEwan’s desire “to be told about the world.”Similar assumptions are at work in McEwan’s formulation of the problem. Said McEwan, as qtd. in Donadio: “For a while I did find it wearisome to confront invented characters … . I wanted to be told about the world. I wanted to be informed. I felt that we had gone through great changes and now was the time to just go back to school, as it were, and start to learn” (“Truth”). The idea that fiction of necessity employs “invented characters” is put to the test if one’s examples of “novels” include those created by Ouredník, Martone, or David Markson, for instance. All the texts/machines have missing or occluded subjects and are the most varied and far-ranging in subject matter of any group of performances I’ve seen thus far. Kress’s involves the tale of a CD anonymously received in the mail, featuring music either from a band he himself was once in, or a “half-acoustic, half electric fiddle band from Finland,” and concludes with him reading a text with a band playing over the reading, with voices echoing between the music and text. Desautel’s piece is an “investigation artifact,” the instructional apparatus from a segment of the national security thicket, an exquisite piece of political paranoia, except that, as his own text says, “we no longer speak of paranoia in the pejorative … without paranoia there is no security.” Finally, Anastasopoulos reads from “A Notebook for Expectant Fathers,” which begins as a playful mock-scientific guide to the signs of gestation in expectant fathers, and becomes a parable of the demands of helplessness, the impossibility of doing anything when all you can you do is nothing, as your baby in the scientifically-visualized womb is seen gulping its own urine and a doctor intones knowingly, disturbingly, uninterpretably, “Your baby has an enormously large bladder that is grossly efficient.”

It is now a kind of common currency to say that fiction is no longer as pertinent as nonfiction. Here, Rachel Donadio, in The New York Times: “Like painting, the novel isn’t dead; it just isn’t as central to the culture as it once was. In our current infotainment era, in which the line between truth and ‘truth’ is growing ever more blurry, readers thirst for a narrative, any narrative, and will turn to the most compelling one” (“Truth”). But Donadio and others of a mainstream bent quickly substitute “fiction” with an unproblematical form of “narrative” in such formulations, assuming realistic tale-telling. Here, a quote by Gass is appropriate: “The dominant form of the 20th century novel is the 19th century novel” (qtd. in Tomasula). Let me stray away from my usual attack on how mainstream publishing favors more transparent, easier narratives, and instead take a cue from Anastasopoulos to ask what is meant by this idea of nonfiction at all. If, as Berry has it, the role of innovative or experimental fiction is to lead us directly to contemplation of the fictive operations all around us - selection, editing, narrative position and bias, naming the structures of the world we are asked to accept as givens, etc. - where then do these things go, the very nature of how discourse is made, when so-called “fiction” disappears? The presumption that “nonfiction” somehow rids us of all the complications attendant to the making of any assertion is naive at best and at worst a recipe for How to (Continue to) Be Oppressed. Innovative fiction writers contend that Naipaul’s demands that writing reflect the complexity of today’s world require not the abandonment of artistic gestures but demanding and making more complex constructions than we are told constitute “the novel” at present. When fiction is seen primarily as an escape, a form of entertainment, then its ability to be relevant will indeed be questionable. Much small press writing deliberately configures its function as a serious one, involved with the national psyche, indeed perhaps with disabusing us of greater fictions which have gripped us as a nation, as seen above in Desautels’s appropriative language. Likewise, Spuyten Duyvil has taken to using the slogan, “Literature is not what a society pretends,” which simultaneously points to a great deal of fictionalizing, or pretending, going on in the culture at large, and to an antidote in the art of fictionalizing, the making of literature. A true literature invents out of the materials of culture and endeavors not ust to participate in but to reveal the fictions that frequently are foisted upon us for reasons of mystification, power, and profit.

The End of the Day/End of the Night

I am shot, the way one is shot at conferences and festivals of the intellect, where the mind spends all day as a Rock-em-Sock-em Robot, thudding and being thudded, getting your block knocked off and making noises in your head like a reel being quickly emptied of line, then having your block pressed back into place to resume being concussed with ideas. One more session. I sit at my table for a few moments and actually sell a few books. Chat. Yes, OK, now it’s time. People scurry away, the break between sessions ended, new ones are starting again. Dazed, I get up and stumble to the first classroom I see and open the door.

It’s the door I entered seven hours ago to hear Tod Thilleman’s morning harangue. But now it’s transformed. Darkened, there is very little seating space: the room is jammed with people, boxes of books, a podium, a projector shining images on the screen, more boxes of books. A man is uncrating these and handing them out around the room. In the front of the room, opposite the speaker at the podium, a ballet dancer does stretches against the white dry-erase board then, finishing these, various dances. The projection directly onto the board features a man reading Brecht essays, aloud, but softly, so it is hard to make out words. In front of the projection is a TV, where we hear a woman reading what seems to be a foreign language, too softly for the words to be made out.

At this point, a man enters the classroom, moves to the podium in front, and begins to lecture on the history of the theatre. I now recall that I had seen him seated outside the room as I made my way in. The man handing out books is now in front of me and hands me The Time-Life Book of Traditional American Crafts. Now, up front, the dancer gets atop a table and rolls around, not sexually, but certainly very physically. Another woman who had been off to the side now appears, wearing a fur boa, and begins singing a torch song. At this point I try to hear what the speaker is saying at the podium, and through the growing cacophony I hear, “Hiroshima,” “exploitation,” “peoples’ mutual relations.” He is now up to number 20 in what is evidently a series of theses. As more people now come in the door behind me, I am forced to move. I squeeze up toward the front of the room, where I climb up on a table that had been pushed against the wall to make room. I sit on the table with my back against the wall. The action I am now closest to is the singer:

You love me
You love me
Then you snub me

I laugh out loud. The projected video now shows a Chicago street scene. The TV shows yet another reader of some text, probably the fourth or fifth in succession. Jessica Treat is seated on my left. She turns to me as I madly scribble in a small black notebook:

“What are you writing?”

The answer isn’t as interesting as I’d like it to be, given the goings on:

“I was asked to report on this conference for electronic book review.”

A man I had previously taken for another audience member now begins playing discordant trumpet.

Interpretation: Entitled “The Failure of Modern Politics,” the performance’s contention that, in essence, we are all in contemporary society overstimulated, preoccupied, and subject to too many competing claims was not particularly a new notion, and so I can’t say the meaning of anything in that room was startling. The theatrical experience, on the other hand, felt startling, and anything but exhausted. I felt unexpectedly elated.“The Failure of Modern Politics” by Stephen Lapthisopon, with Charlene Brooks, Stephen Burns, Mark Hanner, Tracy McCabe, and Eli Robb.

But I now was that much more ready for an ending, and was looking forward to the evening reception. Soon, there I was, in a stately campus hall, at the far end of everything, greedily slurping chablis.

The last thing I wanted was to be confronted by there was more art.

But here again is Davis.

I have not mentioned Davis Schneiderman, which is perhaps another demonstration of how far from the actual experience of an event a written account can be, because once I got North of Chicago, Davis had been everywhere. Review the tape. Here now at the start of the opening panel, before Gass, Jackson, and Kelley begin to speak, is Davis, welcoming us, thanking us for attending, giving thanks as well to the team of students, faculty, staff, and sponsors who have allowed the event to go off. Fast-forward as I arrive the next morning to set up my book table and here’s Davis again, directing traffic to appropriate places and offering coffee. Davis is at panels all day; Davis is making sure the equipment works; Davis is pointing us in the direction of local restaurants.Davis, too, is the author/editor of the ingenious anti-novel, Multifesto: A Henri d’Mescan Reader. One has heard all tales throughout an avant-garde upbringing of how this or that gesture in the history of the book has drawn attention to the physical objectness of the literary creation; Schneiderman’s Multifesto has a permanent footnote in my own mental catalogue of such: its covers are sandpaper, meant to insult whatever texts one places next to it on one’s shelf. And “Henri D’Mescan,” the previously little-known author-provocateur whose biography somersaults any attempt at easy synopsis, is also, by glorious coincidence, an anagram of “Schneiderman.”

Davis finds the room where I am hiding out (with others, it should be said) away from whatever might be planned to take place and sheepishly tells us, “The performance is about to start.” Several times, so that there is no escape.

Dutifully, the pack of academics and artists who were hiding out with me all move toward the central room in the hall.

There we find LaTasha N. Nevada Diggs, poet, musician, and self-proclaimed “wannabe linguist.”

The brief performance that follows is stunning. Diggs’s poetry, sung to her own accompaniment on electronic control panel featuring a sophisticated electronic delay mechanism called a “chaos pad,” is macaronic verse of words and phrases cobbled from phrasebooks of marginalized languages throughout the world: Hawaiian, Samoan, Cherokee, and others, infused with hip-hop strategies. Diggs herself comes arrayed for the occasion: an African-American woman from Harlem, she wears an ornate headress that makes her appear like some sort of pre-Western-contact shaman. The sound fits the look: like nothing else I have ever heard, I am first in line to buy her CD.An example of Diggs’s macaronic verse is seen and heard in “Gamelon” here, though without the electronic music background. &Now has surprised til the end.

Final Judgment: The Lesson of &Now

Don’t get tired. Creative enthusiasm in the spirit of any or all arts constantly reinvents and reinfuses itself. That is all you know and all you need to know.Somewhere in there was my own panel, presenting readings by

          2002 World Cup team ratings        

An elimination tournament does not, by its nature, produce overall standings. You can construct a table by points, of course, but it will not take into account the differences in games played and opponents' strengths. I wanted, just for fun, to devise an objective (which doesn't mean meaningful) way to rate and rank the 32 teams in the World Cup. After several iterations, here's the scheme I came up with.

For each team I calculated a raw efficiency rating based on their points per game. At 3 points for a win, 1 for a tie and none for a loss, with 2 bonus points for making it to the elimination stage, I added up each team's points, divided by an expected point total of 4/3 * games-played (figuring an average result for three round-robin games would have been a win, a tie and a loss), and then added 1, anticipating later multiplication, so that the resulting ratings start at 1 instead of 0.

I then went back and used those ratings as a measure of opponent's strength, assigning each match for each team the product of the points gained (again 1-base (4/2/1) rather than 0-base (3/1/0)) and the opponent's raw rating. Add those values up and average them, and then add a 1-point bonus for making it to the elimination stage. This approach takes no account of goals for or against, and does not make any attempt at incorporating any information (like FIFA rankings) from outside the tournament. Nonetheless, it produces the following interesting set of adjusted ratings:


1Brazil10.12
2Germany7.92
3Turkey7.59
4Spain7.47
5South Korea7.45
6England6.87
7USA6.53
8Mexico6.15
9Senegal6.05
10Japan5.81
11Denmark5.63
12Belgium5.58
13Ireland5.24
14Italy5.18
15Sweden5.13
16Poland4.59
17Paraguay4.51
18Croatia4.31
19Costa Rica4.23
20Argentina4.04
21Portugal3.99
22Ecuador3.94
23Cameroon3.85
24South Africa3.78
25Uruguay3.40
26Russia3.33
27Nigeria3.10
28Tunisia3.02
29France2.73
30China2.69
31Saudi Arabia2.41
32Slovenia2.41


Since all that math was totally arbitrary, there is no reason to believe these numbers mean anything, but I'm surprised how well they seem to accord with my subjective intuition. And the table passes the obvious sanity checks: the top and bottom are right, South Korea is penalized a little bit for playing and losing an extra game, almost (but not quite) all the second-round teams come in ahead of the teams that were eliminated in the first, and France barely edges out the three teams that didn't gain any points.

So I'm going with it. As far as I'm concerned, the US is now temporarily the 7th best men's soccer nation on the planet.

          Treedom: Let's Green The Planet (Ita)        

Su treedom puoi far sì che un nuovo albero venga piantato. E' come un’adozione a distanza di un albero e ti chiediamo solo un contributo iniziale.

Scegli la specie e il progetto che preferisci: un baobab o un passion fruit in Senegal, un avocado in Camerun, un arancio in Sicilia e molti altri. Un contadino lo pianterà a tuo nome e se ne prenderà cura. Il tuo albero sarà fotografato: potrai vederlo sul tuo profilo grazie a Google Maps, personalizzarlo e condividerlo con i tuoi amici.

Un albero alla volta, puoi ridurre la tua impronta ecologica e veder crescere la tua foresta.

Cast: Treedom


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Biblioteca Abies Informe 15/10/2014 9:43:42 Autor Titulo Signatura el tesoro del dragon Smaug TES el tesoro del dragon Smaug TES Recordada sombra rec La Bella Durmiente bel Pinocho pin Electricidad y magnetismo ELE Héctor, el espectro HEC Una maestra terrorifica MAE Vampiro sin oficio VAM Mi abuelo era un cerezo ABU Cuatro amigos y medio en... 'El caso de los enanos al acecho' CUA El niño que confundio a su prima con una manzana NIÑ Marina ya no tiene miedo MAR Fórmulas secretas y extraños hechizos FOR Versos para jugar ¡y actuar! VER El castillo de arena CAS Beltrán el erizo BEL La princesa aburrida PRI Mi abuelo era un cerezo ABU El domador de monstruos DOM El rey Arturo cabalga de nuevo, mas o menos REY El pirata Pepe; Ariel el león presumido; El balcón de la bruja sin nombre PIR El empollón de cabeza cuadrada, el gafotas y el pelmazo EMP Una feria infernal FER Fantasma por carta FAN Andanzas de Don Quijote y Sancho AND En el mar de la imaginación MAR Trio de color TRI La sombra de Peter Pan SOM El rey cantarín REY ¡Tienes el diablo en el cuerpo! TIE Angeles de manzana ANG El patito y el sauce llorón PAT Colón COL El Quijote QUI Don Quijote DON Don Quijote DON Don Quijote DON el Ratoncito Peréz RAT el Ratoncito Peréz RAT atlas basico de tecnologia ATL atlas basico de las religiones ATL atlas basico de ortografia ATL atlas basico de historia universal ATL Valores para la convivencia VAL cuentos de las mil y una noche 82-3-CUE el libro de los records LIB cuentos de balllets 82-3-CUE léeme un cuento LEE el libro de los records LIB El ingenioso hidalgo Don Quijote de la Mancha ING Un paseo por el barrio PAS Tú acabas los poemas TU Los sentimientos SEN Tus amigos AMI La familia 37.03-FAM El universo 52-UNI El mar 574-MAR tu cuerpo CUE niños y niñas del mundo NIÑ la tierra 504-TIE el clima CLI el invierno INV el verano VER el otoño OTO cuentos del bosque CUE cuentos de la selva CUE 18 inmigrantes y medio 18 Pat Garret y Billy el Niño PAT El caso del grito en la sala de profesores CAS El caso de la misteriosa 'epidemia del profesor' CAS El misterio del Goya robado 82-33-MIS El misterio del sello millonario MIS El misterio del loro rapero MIS Un viaje de ida y vuelta VIA Un viaje de ida y vuelta VIA Un viaje de ida y vuelta VIA Un viaje de ida y vuelta VIA ¡Qué nos invaden las ratas! QUE Excelentes EXC Leonardo da Vinci LEO Albert einstein ALB Atlas básico de histotia del arte ATL Atlas básico de exploraciones y descubrimientos ATL el miedo MIE Los despistes de Spider DES los dos amigos de la golondrina DOS Pico Pic PIC Las palabras que se lleva el viento PAL Los divertidos líos de la noche DIV Doble función DOB El cernícalo Porqué CER Supositorios no, gracias SUP Tres vueltas al planeta TRE Pequeñajo Pérez PEQ ¡Rayos y centellas! RAY Pinabete PIN El caballo celoso CAB Mi primer Platero PRI La sirenita 08-SIR Mi primer libro de transportes PRI El libro de la selva 82-33-LIB Gobble y Gulp y el sendero de la glotonería 82-GOB Caperucita Roja 82-4-CAP El libro de la selva 82-4-LIB Cuentos famosos de hadas 82-36-CUE Bienvenido a casa BIE Cuentos. ¡Uno para cada día! 82-8-CUE El libro de la selva 82-33-LIB La Bella y la Bestia N-BEL Blancanieves N-BLA La Bella Durmiente N-BEL El Burrito Platero N-BUR El Patito Feo N-PAT Cenicienta N-CEN Caperucita Roja N-CAP Pulgarcito N-PUL Los tres Cerditos N-TRE Selección de Cuentos N-SEL El perrito N-PER El panda N-PAN El gatito N-GAT El potrillo N-POT El perrito N-PER El gatito N-GAT El panda N-PAN El potrillo N-POT Cosmocar. Viaja a la Tierra 006-COS Popeye N-POP Irene en Senegal N-IRE Irene en el Sahara N-IRE La enciclopedia de la aves de España 030-ENC Letras 74-LET El Cofrecito de los Cuentos de Hadas N-COF Lazarillo de Tormes N-LAZ Madrid. 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Helena de Troya N-TRE Las Tres Mellizas. Leonardo da Vinci N-TRE Pocahontas N-POC El libro de la Selva N-LIB Blancanieves N-BLA ¡Es un secreto! N-ES La liebre y la tortuga N-LIE ¿Adónde vamos hoy? N-ADO ¿Dónde viven los animales? N-DON ¿Por qué entran en erupción los volcanes? 91-QUE Delfines y ballenas 59-DEL En Fotografía no basta hacer 'clic' 77-FOT El color en las Fotografía 77-COL Los recursos de la Fotografía 77-REC Las tres mellizas. Búffalo Bill N-TRE La película de Tigger N-PEL ¿Cómo vuelan las aves? 59-COM Sissí reina de Hungría N-SIS Palabras divertidas N-PAL ¿Está lejos la luna? 910.4-EST ¿Por qué los cachorros muerden las zapatillas? 591-QUE Una bicicleta para Coco N-BIC Witch. El corazón de Kandrakar 82-9-WIT ¿Eran listos los dinosaurios? 59-ERA Caperucita Roja N-CAP ¡Es un secreto! 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N-MON Alicia en el país de las maravillas 82-9-ALI TBO 82-9-TBO Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU Fruittis N-FRU La Sirenita 82-36-SIR El Flautista de Hamelín 82-36-FLA Cuentos Tiernos 3 82-38-CUE El Patito Valiente 82-38-PAT La Pelota Orgullosa 82-36-PEL El regalo sorpresa de Nejo 82-38-REG Cuentos Clásicos 1 82-3-CUE El cofre volador 82-36-COF El intrépido Soldadito de Plomo 82-36-INT Pulgarcita 82-36-PUL Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG Magic English 820-3-MAG El mueble del siglo XX 749.1-MUE El mundo de la técnica 62-MUN Descubre al hombre 6-DES Familias Divertidas N-FAM La selva tropical N-SEL Pinocho N-PIN El Chocolate N-CHO Atlas Júnior 912-ATL Manualidades 74-MAN Primeros Auxilios 61-PRI Mis primeras canciones en inglés 789-PRI Los tres cerditos N-TRE La bella y la bestia N-BEL La bella durmiente N-BEL Blancanieves N-BLA Aladín N-ALA El patito feo N-PAT Profundidades 50-PRO Valencia 38-VAL Invenciones e inventos 60-INV Catecismo escolar 2-CAT El Juego de la clueca 79-JUE Los 5 patitos N-5 La granja feliz N-GRA La pequeña locomotora N-PEQ ¿Dónde vives? N-DON Vamos de viaje N-VAM Pocahontas N-POC Mi primer libro. Formas 801.3-PRI ¿Dónde voy? 801.3-DON Cremalleras 801.3-CRE El reloj en vacaciones 801.3-REL Mis mejores amigos N-MEJ El Cofrecito de los Cuentos de Hadas N-COF El Cofrecito de los Cuentos de Hadas N-COF El Cofrecito de los Cuentos de Hadas N-COF La palabra prohibida N-PAL Películas 82-9-PEL Películas 82-9-PEL La estación espacial 60-EST Cuentos de hadas 82-3-CUE Los animales 801.3-ANI barro 73-BAR Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia de España 9-HIS Historia Universal 93-HIS Historia Universal 93-HIS Historia Universal 93-HIS Historia Universal 93-HIS Historia Universal 93-HIS Historia Universal 93-HIS Historia Universal 93-HIS Historia Universal 93-HIS NaturaColor 59-NAT NaturaColor 59-NAT NaturaColor 59-NAT NaturaColor 59-NAT Conjunto de elementos construcción (1) 62-CON Mecánica 62-MEC Electricidad 62-ELE La Naturaleza 549-NAT El libro de la selva N-LIB El porqué de las cosas 030-POR El patito feo N-PAT Claudia una chica de Madrid 37.03-CLA ¡Por qué todo tiene que cambiar! 37.03-QUE Un héroe en mi familia 37.03-HER ¡Al agua patos! 37.03-AGU Cuéntame un cuento, por favor 37.03-CUE Una carta a mi fanmilia 37.03-CAR Te cuento y me cuentas 37.03-TE La familia ante momentos difíciles 37.03-FAM ¿Cómo crecen nuestros hijos? 37.03-COM El acoso escolar y la prevención desde la familia 37.03-ACO El acoso escolar y la prevención desde la familia 37.03-ACO La familia y los medios de comunicación 37.03-FAM Cuidando el amor 37.03-CUI Lápices de colores 75-LAP Barbazul N-BAR Goya 929-GOY Picasso 929-PIC Pío Baroja 929-PIO Nerón 929-NER Pizarro 929-PIZ Maria Curie 929-MAR Miguel de Cervantes 929-MIG Confucio 929-CON Nicolás Copérnico 929-NIC Albert Einstein 929-ALB Napoleón Bonaparte 929-NAP Martin Luther king 929-MAR Bartolomé de las Casas 929-BAR Cristobal Colón 929-CRI Manuel de Falla 929-MAN Marco Polo MAR Louis Pasteur 929-LOU Miguel Ángel 929-MIG Humboldt 929-HUM Amundsen Scott Charcot 929-AMU Benjamin Franklin 929-BEN Gabriela Mistral 929-GAB Hernán Cortés 929-HER Abraham Lincoln 929-ABR Che Guevara 929-CHE Kennedy 929-KEN Isabel la Católica 929-ISA Isaac Newton 929-ISA Hitler 929-HIT Isadora Duncan 929-ISA Karl Marx 929-KAR Juana de Arco 929-JUA Le Corbusier 929-COR Larra 929-LAR Los tesoros de Tutankhamon 929-TES Santiago Ramón y Cajal 929-SAN Juan XXIII 929-JUA Leonardo Da Vinci 929-LEO Shakespeare 929-SHA Von Braun 929-VON El Greco 929-GRE Richard Wagner 929-RIC Galileo 929-GAL Benito Pérez Galdós 929-BEN García Lorca 929-GAR Simón Bolivar 929-SIM Van Gogh 929-VAN Franz Kafka 929-FRA Tomás de Aquino 929-TOM José de San Martín 929-JOS David Livingstone 929-DAV Churchill 929-CHU Pascal 929-PAS Julio César 929-JUL Mariana Pineda 929-MAR Thomas A. Edison 929-THO Stalin 929-STA Valle - Inclán 929-VAL Lutero 929-LUT Charles Chaplin 929-CHA Julio Verne 929-JUL Carlos I 929-CAR Dante 929-DAN Cristina de Suecia 929-CRI Fleming 929-FLE Enciclopedia de los INVENTOS 60-ENC Alí Babá y los cuarenta ladrones N-ALI Papá, ¿qué es...? N-PAP Piratas N-PIR La enciclopedia del estudiante 070-ENC La enciclopedia del estudiante 070-ENC Alicia en el pais de las maravillas N-ALI El Barroco 75-BAR Cuentos de siempre 82-3-CUE ABAD NEBOT, Francisco Géneros literarios 82-ABA-gén Abejón Adámez, Manuel El transporte en la sociedad actual ABE-tra Abside Rama verde ABS-ram ACERO, Manuel La energía del átomo ACE-ene Adler, David A. El misterio de la casa encantada ADL-mis Adler, David A. El misterio de la casa encantada ADL-mis Adler, David A. El misterio de la casa encantada ADL-mis Afanasiev, Aleksandr Nikolaevich Cuentos populares rusos 82-3-AFA-cue Aguirre Bellver, Joaquín El robo del caballo de madera y otros cuentos AGU-rob Aguirre Bellver, Joaquín El robo del caballo de madera y otros cuentos AGU-rob Ahlberg, Janet El gusano, ese desconocido 820-AHL-gus Aiken, Joan El gato Mog AIK-gat Aiken, Joan El gato Mog AIK-gat Albó, Nuria Tanit ALB-tan Albó, Nuria Tanit ALB-tan Albo, Pablo The soup´s hot 820-3-ALB-sou Albo, Pablo The last crow 820-3-ALB-las Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¿Quién ayuda en casa? N-ALC-qui Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Tomás y el lápiz mágico ALC-tom Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo La canción de Pipo 821.134.2(899)-319-ALC-ca Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo El hijo del viento ALC-hij Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo El hijo del viento ALC-hij Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Martín y la princesa Ylady 860-319-ALC-mar Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¿Quién quiere a los viejos? 860-ALC-qui Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¿Quién dice no a las drogas? 087-ALC-qui Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¿Quién usa las papeleras? 860-ALC-qui Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Tulinet, las siete vidas del gato 82-ALC-tul Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Tulinet, las siete vidas del gato 82-ALC-tul Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Tulinet, las siete vidas del gato 82-ALC-tul Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¡Huy, qué miedo! 087-ALC-huy Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo La pata Paca 087-ALC-pat Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¿Quién ayuda en casa? N-ALC-qui Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¿Quién recoge las cacas del perro? 860-ALC-qui Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¿Quién menea el esqueleto? 82-3-ALC-qui Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Tomás y el lápiz mágico ALC-tom Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Tulinet, las siete vidas del gato 82-ALC-tul Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Tulinet, las siete vidas del gato 82-ALC-tul Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Tulinet, las siete vidas del gato 82-ALC-tul Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo La pequeña Wu-li 860-ALC-peq Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo Amelia la trapecista 087-ALC-ame Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo 14 de febrero, San Valentín 860-ALC-14 Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo El hijo del viento ALC-hij Alcántara Sgarb, Ricardo ¡Huy, qué miedo! N-ALC-huy Alegría, Ciro Once animales con alma y uno con garra 860-ALE-onc Alemparte, Cristina Lumbánico, el planeta cúbico ALE-lum Alemparte, Cristina Lumbánico, el planeta cúbico ALE-lum Alemparte, Cristina Lumbánico, el planeta cúbico ALE-lum Alessandrini, Jean El escarabús 840-ALE-esc Alexandri, Ferrán El gran libro de los seres fantásticos 398.4-ALE-gra Aliaga, Roberto Pingoreta y el tiempo 82-ALI-pin Aliaga, Roberto Codrile 820-3-ALI-cod Aliaga, Roberto Simon Liar 820-3-ALI-sim Alibés i Riera, Maria Dolors Vamos a contar ratones ALI-vam Alibés i Riera, Maria Dolors Vamos a contar ratones ALI-vam Alibés i Riera, Maria Dolors El planeta de cristal N-ALI-pla Alibés i Riera, Maria Dolors Un verano de perros N-ALI-ver Allan Poe, Edgar Cuentos de miedo 82-3-ALL-cue Allan Poe, Edgar El escarabajo de oro N-ALL-esc Allan Poe, Edgar Narraciones extraordinarias N-ALL-nar Almena, Fernando Un solo de clarinete ALM-sol Almena, Fernando Un solo de clarinete ALM-sol Almena, Fernando Pan Gu 860-ALM-pan Almena, Fernando El misterio indescifrable 860-ALM-mis Almena, Fernando El misterio indescifrable 860-ALM-mis Almodóvar, A. R. El príncipe desmemoriado ALM-prí Almodóvar, A. R. Miguelín el valiente ALM-mig Almodóvar, A. R. El ratoncito pérez ALM-rat Almodóvar, A. R. Miguelín el valiente ALM-mig Almodóvar, A. R. Más poderoso que el sol ALM-más Almodóvar, A. R. El príncipe encantado ALM-prí Almodóvar, A. R. Más poderoso que el sol ALM-más Almodóvar, A. R. Cuando la zorra y el lobo se morían de hambre 087-ALM-cua Almodóvar, A. R. Las tres preguntas del rey 087-ALM-tre Almodóvar, A. R. El hacha de oro 087-ALM-hac Almodóvar, A. R. El príncipe encantado ALM-prí Almodóvar, A. R. Juanillo el oso ALM-jua Almodóvar, A. R. Garbancito 860-ALM-gar Almodóvar, A. R. La niña del zurrón 087-ALM-niñ Almodóvar, A. R. El ratoncito pérez ALM-rat Almodóvar, A. R. El príncipe desmemoriado ALM-prí Almodóvar, A. R. El gato de los pies de trapo ALM-gat Almodóvar, A. R. Perico malastrampas 860-ALM-per Almodóvar, A. R. El mono caprichoso 087-ALM-mon Almodóvar, A. R. Los doce ladrones 087-ALM-doc Almodóvar, A. R. Más poderoso que el sol ALM-más Almodóvar, A. R. El gallo kirico 087-ALM-gal Almodóvar, A. R. El castillo de Irás y no Volverás 087-ALM-cas Almodóvar, A. R. ¡Yo, león! 087-ALM-yo, Almodóvar, A. R. La zorra y el sapo 860-ALM-zor Almodóvar, A. R. El parlamento de los animales 087-ALM-par Almodóvar, A. R. El gato de los pies de trapo ALM-gat Almodóvar, A. R. De penca en penca 087-ALM-pen Almodóvar, A. R. Juanillo el oso ALM-jua Almodóvar, A. R. La princesa muda 860-ALM-pri Almodóvar, A. R. El príncipe encantado ALM-prí Alonso Alcalde, Manuel Cómprame un caballo 860-ALO-cóm Alonso, Fernando A bordo de la gaviota 82-33-ALO-bor Alonso, Fernando A bordo de la gaviota 82-33-ALO-bor Alonso, Fernando El Hombrecito vestido de gris y otros cuentos 82-8-ALO-hom Alonso, Fernando Sopaboba 82-36-ALO-sop Alonso, Fernando El Secreto de la flauta de piedra / ALO-sec Alonso, Fernando El Secreto de la flauta de piedra / ALO-sec Alonso, Fernando Tano en la ciudad sumergida 087-ALO-tan Alonso, Fernando A bordo de la gaviota 82-33-ALO-bor Alonso, Fernando Tano en la frontera del tiempo 087-ALO-tan Alonso, Fernando A bordo de la gaviota 82-33-ALO-bor Alonso, Fernando El hombrecillo de papel 82-33-ALO-hom Alonso, Fernando El hombrecillo de papel 82-33-ALO-hom Alonso, Fernando A bordo de la gaviota 82-33-ALO-bor Alonso, Manuel L. Los superhéroes no lloran ALO-sup Alonso, Manuel L. Los superhéroes no lloran ALO-sup Alonso, Manuel L. La isla de las montañas azules 087-ALO-isl Alonso, Manuel L. Un regalo para Nines 860-ALO-reg Alonso, Manuel L. La tienda mágica 82-36-ALO-tie Alonso, Manuel L. Los superhéroes no lloran ALO-sup Alonso, Tareixa El gallo Quirico 087.5-ALO-gal Alvarez Santaló, León Carlos Los siglos de la historia 93-ALV-sig Alvarez, Naiara Lo de soñar N-ALV-soñ Amiel, Monique Pompeya la ciudad recuperada 008-AMI-pom Amo, Montserrat del Montes, pájaros y amigos AMO-mon Amo, Montserrat del Montes, pájaros y amigos AMO-mon Amo, Montserrat del Velero de tierrra y mar 82-AMO-vel Amo, Montserrat del Rastro de Dios y otros cuentos 82-AMO-ras Amo, Montserrat del Rastro de Dios y otros cuentos 82-AMO-ras Amo, Montserrat del Animal de compañía 860-AMO-ani Andersen, Hans Christian El soldadito de plomo AND-sol Andersen, Hans Christian El traje nuevo del emperador 821.113.4-318-AND-tra Andersen, Hans Christian El soldadito de plomo AND-sol Andersen, Hans Christian La Vendedora de fósforos 087-AND-ven Andersen, Hans Christian El soldadito de plomo AND-sol Andersen, Hans Christian Cuentos de Andersen 087.5:82-3-AND-cue Andersen, Hans Christian El patito feo de Andersen 82-36-AND-pat Andersen, Hans Christian La princesa y el guisante 82-4-AND-pri Andersen, Hans Christian Lo que el viento nos cuenta de Waldemar Daae 82-AND-vie Andersen, Hans Christian La Sirenita y otros cuentos 82-3-AND-sir Andersen, Hans Christian La pequeña cerillera y otros cuentos 82-3-AND-peq Andersen, Hans Christian Chiquilladas y otros cuentos 82-3-AND-chi Andersen, Hans Christian Peiter, Peter y Peer y otros cuentos 82-3-AND-pei Andersen, Hans Christian Cuentos de Hans Christian Andersen 82-3-AND-cue Andersen, Hans Christian El soldadito de plomo N-AND-sol Anderson, Rachel Los mejores amigos N-AND-mej Angera, Mercè Carrerillas N-ANG-car Anónimo Tristán e Iseo N-ANO-tri Anónimo El Lazarillo de Tormes N-ANO-laz Anónimo El Lazarillo de Tormes N-ANO-laz Anónimo Las mil y una noches N-ANO-mil Anónimo Robin Hood N-ANO-rob Anónimo El Cid N-ANO-cid Anónimo El Lazarillo de Tormes N-ANO-laz Anónimo El Cid N-ANO-cid Anónimo El Cid N-ANO-cid Anónimo Robin Hood N-ANO-rob Anónimo El Lazarillo de Tormes N-ANO-laz Anónimo El Cid N-ANO-cid Antoniorrobles El último dragón y la sombrerería ANT-últ Antoniorrobles El último dragón y la sombrerería ANT-últ Aranguren, José Luis L. Bajo el signo de la juventud ARA-sig Arbat, Carles El sueño de Dalí 75-ARB-sue Arden, William Misterio del diablo danzante / 82-34-ARD-mis ARMANGUÉ I HERRERO, Joan El agujero de las cosas perdidas 849-ARM-agu Armangue, Rosa Ring, Ring... ¿quién es? 087.5-ARM-rin Armangue, Rosa De compras 087.5-ARM-com Armangue, Rosa ¿Quién juega a...? 087.5-ARM-qui Armas Castro, Manuel y otro Violencia escolar 177-ARM-vio Armijo, Consuelo En viriviví 087-ARM-vir Armijo, Consuelo El mono imitamonos 82-38-ARM-mon Armijo, Consuelo Los batautos ARM-bat Armijo, Consuelo El Pampinoplas ARM-pam Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo El Pampinoplas ARM-pam Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Aniceto, el vencecanguelos 82-36-ARM-ani Armijo, Consuelo Los batautos hacen batautadas 087-ARM-bat Armijo, Consuelo Más batautos 860-ARM-más Armijo, Consuelo Los batautos ARM-bat Armijo, Consuelo Los batautos ARM-bat Armijo, Consuelo Los batautos hacen batautadas 82-36-ARM-bat Armijo, Consuelo Los batautos hacen batautadas 82-36-ARM-bat Arthur, Robert Misterio en la montaña del monstruo / 82-34-ART-mis Asensio, Agustí ¡Cómo brilla el mar! 087-ASE-cóm Asensio, Carmen La cabaña misteriosa 860-3'19'-ASE-cab Avendaño, Alberto Aventuras de Sol AVE-ave Avendaño, Alberto Aventuras de Sol AVE-ave Avendaño, Alberto Aventuras de Sol AVE-ave Averous, Pierre Granjas en el mar 63-AVE-gra Avi La rata de Navidad N-AVI-rat Babarro, Xoán La llamada de las tres reinas 860-BAB-lla Baker, Lucy Los Océanos 55-BAK-océ Baker, Lucy Los desiertos 087-BAK-des Baker, Lucy Las selvas 087-BAK-sel Balcells, Jacqueline La uva encantada N-BAL-uva Baldrich, Pilar La carta de colores N-BAL-car Balestrini, Sergio Los zarramplines BAL-zar Balestrini, Sergio Los zarramplines BAL-zar Ballaz Zabalza, Jesús Una casa a la deriva 860-BAL-cas Balzola, Asun La primavera 860-BAL-pri Balzola, Asun La cazadora de Indiana Jones 860-BAL-caz Balzola, Asunción Por los aires 860-BAL-air Balzola, Sofía El sueño de So N-BAL-sue Banscherus, Jürgen Kiatoski y el robo de los chicles 82-33-BAN-kia Banscherus, Jürgen El ratón viajero 82-38-BAN-rat Banscherus, Jürgen El ratón viajero 82-38-BAN-rat Banscherus, Jürgen Kiatoski: goles, trucos y matones 82-33-BAN-kia Baquedano, Lucía Fantasmas de día 82-35-BAQ-fan Baquedano, Lucía De la tierra a Halley / 087-BAQ-tie Baquedano, Lucía ¡Pobre Antonieta! N-BAQ-pob Barat, Juan Ramón Palabra de juglar P-BAR-pal Barbadillo, Patricia Rabicún BAR-rab Barbadillo, Patricia Rabicún BAR-rab Barbadillo, Patricia Juntos por ahí N-BAR-jun Barreiro Barreiro, Clara Derechos humanos 342.7(023)-BAR-der Barrena, Pablo !Que me parta un rayo! 860-BAR-par Bartolozzi, Salvador Pipo y Pipa y los enanitos de Doña Cominito BAR-pip Bartolozzi, Salvador Pipo y Pipa en el país de los fantoches 850-BAR-pip Bartolozzi, Salvador Pipo y Pipa entre los salvajes 087-BAR-pip Bashevis Singer, Isaac Cuentos judíos de la aldea de Chelm N-BAS-cue Baum, Lyman Frank El Mago de Oz BAU-mag Baum, Lyman Frank El Mago de Oz BAU-mag Bawin, Marie-Aline Tom va a la escuela 821.133.1-3'19'-BAW-tom Becklake, Sue El Espacio 087-BEC-esp Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo Rimas y Leyendas P-BEC-rim Bécquer, Gustavo Adolfo Rimas y Leyendas N-BEC-rim Beechez Stowe, Harriet La cabaña del tío Tom N-BEE-cab Beltrán, Montserrat ¡Qué jaleo! / 82-35-BEL-qué Bendala Galán, Manuel La Arqueología BEN-arq Bender, Lionel Los inventos 001-BEN-inv Benet, Amèlia Una noche en la barca BEN-noc Benet, Amèlia Una noche en la barca BEN-noc Beyerlein, Gabriele El sol no se detiene 82-3-BEY-sol Bézuel, Sylvie Guía del joven Robinsón en el campo 502(036)-BÉZ-guí Biegel, Paul La planta de las llaves 82-36-BIE-pla Biro, Val El diablo capataz BIR-dia Biro, Val El diablo capataz BIR-dia Blade, Jean-François Diez cuentos de lobos 82-38-BLA-die Blake, Jon ¿Qué soy? 82-3-BLA-qué Blanco Manzanas, Alberto La muy fogosa historia de Miguel Costilla T-BLA-muy Blanco Manzanas, Alberto La muy fogosa historia de Miguel Costilla T-BLA-muy Blanco Manzanas, Alberto De la fantástica historia de Dráquel, valiente guerrero, y Yosimel, un amor verdadero. T-BLA-fan Blanco Manzanas, Alberto De la fantástica historia de Dráquel, valiente guerrero, y Yosimel, un amor verdadero. T-BLA-fan Blázquez Aldana, Manuel A. Claves de la Psicología 159.9(0.062)-BLA-cla Blegvad, Leonore Ana Banana y yo 820-BLE-ana Bliesener, Klaus Las aventuras de los detectives del faro 82-34-BLI-ave Blyton, Enid Aventura en la montaña 820-BLY-ave Blyton, Enid Otra aventura de los cinco BLY-otr Blyton, Enid Billy-Bob yel otro impermeable 820-BLY-bil Blyton, Enid Meneón se mete en apuros ; 820-BLY-men Blyton, Enid Meneón se mete en apuros ; 820-BLY-men Blyton, Enid Billy-Bob y la Tetera rosa... [y otros títulos] 820-3'19'-BLY-bil Blyton, Enid Los cinco van de camping N-BLY-cin Boada i Moret, Francesc Las babuchas de la desdicha BOA-bab Boada i Moret, Francesc Las ratas y el mono 849-BOA-rat Boada i Moret, Francesc Juana 087.5-BOA-jua Boada i Moret, Francesc El frailecito de la escalera 087.5-BOA-fra Boada i Moret, Francesc Caperucita roja 087-BOA-cap Boada i Moret, Francesc Las babuchas de la desdicha BOA-bab Boada i Moret, Francesc El molinillo mágico 860-34'19'-BOA-mol Boada i Moret, Francesc El sastrecillo valiente 849-BOA-sas Boada i Moret, Francesc El califa CigÈueña 849.9-34'19'-BOA-cal Boada, Francesc El gato con botas 82-4-BOA-gat Boada, Francesc El sastrecillo valiente 82-36-BOA-sas Boada, Francesc La princesa y el guisante 087-BOA-pri Boada, Francesc La princesa y el guisante 087-BOA-pri Boada, Francesc El gato con botas 82-4-BOA-gat Bofill, Francesc El conejito 087.5-BOF-con Bofill, Francesc Los guisantes maravillosos 087.5-BOF-gui Bogaerts, Jorge El día que hizo mucho viento 860-BOG-día Boie, Kirsten Juan Oveja también quiere tener una persona 82-38-BOI-jua Boileau, Pierre En la boca del lobo 82-34-BOI-boc Boj i Cullell, Isabel Cromañón 904-BOJ-cro Bolliger, Max Un día de verano 82-1-BOL-día Bond, Ruskin El camino del bazar 82-33-BON-cam Bordoni, Chiara Los números 087-BOR-núm Bordoni, Chiara Los colores 087-BOR-col Bordons, Paloma La recaraba BOR-rec Bordons, Paloma La recaraba BOR-rec Bordons, Paloma Chis y Garabís 82-35-BOR-chi Bordons, Paloma En casa de los Colodrillo 860-BOR-cas Bordons, Paloma Demonios en camiseta 087-BOR-dem Bordons, Paloma La señorita Pepota 860-BOR-señ Bordons, Paloma Mico 82-31-BOR-mic Bornemann, Elsa Isabel Bilembambudín o El último mago 860-BOR-bil Borrás, Luis Johannes Gutenberg 92-BOR-joh Bos, Burny ¡Sonría, por favor! BOS-son Bour, Laura Los secretos de la naturaleza 5-BOU-sec Bour, Laura El oso 087-BOU-oso Bradman, Tony Frankie ya tiene un amigo 087-BRA-fra Brezan, Jurij El gato Mikos 830-BRE-gat Brezina, Thomas La familia horrible N-BRE-fam Brice, Raphaëlle La aventura de la patata 58-BRI-ave Brice, Raphaëlle Del petróleo al plástico 03-BRI-pet Brice, Raphaëlle El arroz 63-BRI-arr Brice, Raphaëlle La aventura de la patata 58-BRI-ave Briggs, Mike y Peggy Vida Salvaje 59-BRI-vid Briggs, Mike y Peggy Felinos salvajes 59-BRI-fel Bröger, Achim Mi 24 de diciembre N-BRO-24 Broutin, Christian El barco 629-BRO-bar Bruce, Jenni Estrellas y planetas 524-BRU-est Brunhoff, Jean de Viaje de Babar 840-BRU-via Bryce Echenique, Alfredo Goig 860-BRY-goi BURRIEL, José María El reto de las ondas BUR-ret Busquets, Carlos Bambi BUS-bam Busquets, Carlos Bambi 82-3-BUS-bam Busquets, Carlos Bambi BUS-bam Busquets, Jordi La rueda de los colores 82-3-BUS-rue Butterworth, Nick El buen extranjero 820-BUT-bue Byars, Betsy El verano de los cisnes N-BYA-ver Byles, Mónica Los polos 91-BYL-pol Byng, Georgia Molly Moon N-BYN-mol Caballero, Fernán La niña de los tres maridos CAB-niñ Caballero, Fernán Cuentos de encantamiento 82-36-CAB-cue Caballero, Fernán La niña de los tres maridos CAB-niñ Calatayud, Miguel La ballena en la bañera 087.5-CAL-bal Calero, Antonio María Partidos políticos y democracia CAL-par Calleja, Seve El Mono chimino 860-CAL-mon Cámara, Sergi Monstruos queridos N-CAM-mon Campanari, José Ernest Goodmorning 820-3-CAM-ern Camps, Montserrat El traje nuevo del emperador 849.9-34'19'-CAM-tra Camus, William Leyendas de los pieles rojas N-CAM-ley Cancio, Eloísa La Miel 638-CAN-mie Candel, Soledad y otras Mozart N-CAN-moz Canela Garayoa, Mercè Pedro pícaro CAN-ped Canela Garayoa, Mercè Pedro pícaro CAN-ped Cano, Carles El último de los dragones N-CAN-últ Cano, Carles ¡¡¡Papááá...!!! 087.5-CAN-pap Cañas Torregrosa, José Ojos de botella de anís 821.134.2-2'19'-CAÑ-ojo Cañas Torregrosa, José El gato que quiso volar alto 087.5-CAÑ-gat Cañas Torregrosa, José La historia de un hombrecillo de papel 821.134.2-3'19'-CAÑ-his Cañas Torregrosa, José La princesa que no sabía estornudar T-CAÑ-pri Cañas, Ana La bella y la bestia 087.5-CAÑ-bel Cañas, Ana La bella durmiente 087.5-CAÑ-bel Cañas, Ana Blancanieves y los siete enanitos 087.5-CAÑ-bla Cañas, Ana Caperucita Roja 087.5-CAÑ-cap Cañizo, José Antonio del Oposiciones a bruja y otros cuentos 82-8-CAÑ-opo Cañizo, José Antonio del Oposiciones a bruja y otros cuentos 82-8-CAÑ-opo Cañizo, José Antonio del Oposiciones a bruja y otros cuentos 82-8-CAÑ-opo Cañizo, José Antonio del Un león hasta en la sopa 82-8-CAÑ-leó Cañizo, José Antonio del Las cosas del abuelo 087-CAÑ-cos Capdevila, F. Taron y el caldero mágico N-CAP-tar Capdevila, Roser La Oveja negra CAP-ove Capdevila, Roser Palmira quiere adelgazar 849-CAP-pal Capdevila, Roser Palmira y el bebé hipopótamo 849-CAP-pal Capdevila, Roser La Oveja negra CAP-ove Capdevila, Roser Palmira busca trabajo CAP-pal Capdevila, Roser Palmira campeona de esquí 087-CAP-pal Capdevilla, Roser Miremos la ciudad 087-CAP-mir Capek, Jindra Un niño ha nacido... 830-3-CAP-niñ CAPEL, Horacio Las nuevas geografías CAP-nue Carballeira, Paula Mateo CAR-mat Carballude, Pepe La vida diaria de los romanos 008-CAR-vid Carbo, Joaquim Felipe Marlot, detective 860-CAR-fel Carbó, Joaquim Miguel en el asfalto 849-CAR-mig Carbó, Joaquím El país de las cabras 849-CAR-paí Carbonell, Paula Butterfly Trip 820-3-CAR-but Carey, M.V. Misterio de la mina mortal CAR-mis Carle, Eric Papá, por favor, consígueme la luna 087.5-CAR-pap Carlos Pobes, José El ordenador y la enseñanza 37-CAR-ord CARMEN CONDE CANCIONES DE NANA Y DESVELO CAR-can Carranza, Maite Las cartas de Quica 087-CAR-car Carranza, Maite Mauro ojos brillantes N-CAR-mau Carratala, Fernando David juega y aprende ortografía CAR-dav Carratala, Fernando David juega y aprende ortografía CAR-dav Carvajal, Victor Cuentatrapos 860-CAR-cue Casalderrey, Fina El misterio de los hijos de Lúa 860-CAS-mis Casalderrey, Fina ¡Un perro en el piso| 821.134.4-32'20'-CAS-per Casalderrey, Fina Felix, the fear collector 820-3-CAS-fel Casals, Pedro El fantasma de la casa del bosque 087-CAS-fan Casals, Pedro Héctor en Disneyland 087-CAS-héc Casares, Carlos El perro Rin y el lobo Crispín 087-CAS-per Casariego, Martin Pisco y la boda del capitán Caimán N-CAS-pis Casariego, Martín Pisco pasea por la ciudad N-CAS-pis Casariego, Martín Pisco sueña con el capitán Caimán N-CAS-pis Casariego, Martín Pisco pasea por la ciudad N-CAS-pis Casariego, Martín Pisco sueña con el capitán Caimán N-CAS-pis Caselli, Giovanni Maravillas del mundo 72-CAS-mar Castellón, Alfredo Teatrillo de Navidad 82-2-CAS-tea Cavero, Soledad La rebelión de los cuentos 860-CAV-reb Cebrian, Juan Luis ¿Qué pasa en el mundo? 316-CEB-qué Cela, Camilo José La bandada de palomas 82-CEL-ban Cela, Daniel Dime cosas de tu país 39-CEL-dim Cela, Daniel Dime cosas de tu país 39-CEL-dim Cela, Jaume El ladrón de sombras 860-CEL-lad Cerdá Olmedo, Enrique Nuestros genes 57-CER-nue Cermeño, Xosé Estos días refresca por la tarde 869-CER-día Cerrillo, Pedro Trabalenguas 087.5-CER-tra Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de La gitanilla N-CER-git Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote de la Mancha N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote de la Mancha , I N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote de la Mancha N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Novelas ejemplares N-CER-nov Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Las aventuras de Don Quijote N-CER-ave Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Las aventuras de Don Quijote N-CER-ave Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Las aventuras de Don Quijote N-CER-ave Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote de la Mancha N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Las aventuras de Don Quijote N-CER-ave Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Las aventuras de Don Quijote N-CER-ave Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de Don Quijote N-CER-don Cervera, Juan Tenía un gallo en la garganta 860-CER-ten Cervera, Juan Contar, cantar y jugar 860-CER-con Cervera, Juan El árbol de la amistad 82-2-CER-árb Cherisey, Thérèsa de El profesor Poopsnagle 82-35-CHE-pro Christie, Agatha La ratonera T-CHR-rat Christie, Agatha La ratonera T-CHR-rat Christie, Agatha La ratonera T-CHR-rat Clarke, Gus Demasiados ositos 87.5-CLA-dem Clarke, Gus Michael y sus monstruos 82:087.5-CLA-mic Claudin, Fernando La banda de Pepo 821.134.2-31'20':087-CLA- Climent, Paco La gripe de Búffalo Bill 860-CLI-gri Climent, Paco Juana Calamidad y la casa encantada N-CLI-jua Climent, Paco Poton el gato y la escuadrilla gansa 087-CLI-pot Climent, Paco Picasso pinta a Pinocho 860-CLI-pic Climent, Paco Juana Calamidad y la casa encantada N-CLI-jua Climent, Paco Juana Calamidad y la casa encantada N-CLI-jua Coelho, Paulo El Alquimista N-COE-alq COLDREY, Jennifer Conchas 594-COL-con COLDREY, Jennifer La fresa / 087-COL-fre Cole, Babette No salgas de noche 087-COL-sal Cole, Babette ¡Mamá puso un huevo! O cómo se hacen los niños 087-COL-mam Cole, Babette Los animales me aterrorizan 087.5:82-3-COL-ani Cole, Babette Miamor 087.5-COL-mia Cole, Joanna El autobús mágico viaja por el agua COL-aut Cole, Joanna El autobús mágico viaja por el agua COL-aut Cole, Joanna El autobús mágico viaja por el agua COL-aut Cole, Joanna El autobús mágico viaja por el agua COL-aut Cole, Joanna El autobús mágico viaja por el agua COL-aut Cole, Joanna El autobús mágico viaja por el agua COL-aut Cole, Joanna El autobús mágico en el interior de la tierra 820-COL-aut Cole, Joanna El Autobús mágico en el cuerpo humano 612-COL-aut Collodi, Carlo Pipeto, el monito rosado COL-pip Collodi, Carlo Pinocho 860-3-COL-pin Collodi, Carlo Pipeto, el monito rosado COL-pip Colombo, Luann Al descubierto el Cuerpo Humano 611-COL-des Comellas, José Luis El Universo 52-COM-uni Company, Mercè Las tres mellizas, Alí Babá y los cuarenta ladrones 860-COM-tre Company, Mercè Las tres mellizas y Pulgarcito 860-COM-tre Company, Mercè Huele a primavera 82-38-COM-hue Company, Mercè Las tres mellizas y el traje nuevo del emperador 860-COM-tre Company, Mercè ¡Queremos una escuela más grande! 087-COM-que Company, Mercè La reina calva 087-COM-rei Company, Mercè Comienza la aventura 849-COM-com Company, Mercè La escoba de la bruja 849-COM-esc Company, Mercè ¿Quién se ha llevado su sueño? 849-COM-qui Company, Mercè El descubrimiento de la pandilla 087-COM-des Comunidad Educativa Cosmocar en el espacio 373-COM-cos Comunidad Educativa Cosmocar viaja a la Tierra 373-COM-cos Conan Doyle, A. Sherlock Holmes N-CON-she Corbella, Piedad El cuento de las montañas azules 087-COR-cue Cordero, Maita Cuento de miedo... pero menos N-COR-cue Cordero, Maita Pilocha N-COR-pil Córdova, Isabel El zoo de verano 82-CÓR-zoo Córdova, Isabel Ada nunca tiene miedoººººººº CÓR-ada Córdova, Isabel Tinko y Gaby en el Amazonas 860-COR-tin Cornelius, Jan Un tal Baltasar N-COR-bal Corripio, Fernando Diccionario práctico 806-COR-dic Cortés, Concepción Nepal 596-COR-nep Cortés, Concepción Mupal 596-COR-mup Cortés, Concepción Pati 596-COR-pat Cortés, Concepción Gudú 596-COR-gud Cortés, Concepción Fabio 596-COR-fab Cortés, Concepción Checa 596-COR-che Cortes, José Luis Un culete independiente N-COR-cul Cortizas, Antón Giganano, ¿Dónde estás? 869-COR-gig Cosgrove, Brian Sally y Jake en la granja / 087-COS-sal Cosgrove, Brian Sally y Jake con la tortuga / 087-COS-sal Cosgrove, Brian Sally y Jake juegan a la petanca / 087.5-COS-sal Côté, Denis El parque de los sortilegios CÔT-par Côté, Denis El parque de los sortilegios CÔT-par Craighead George, Jean Mi rincón en la montaña N-CRA-rin Crozon, Alain Los instrumentos musicales 82-3-CRO-ins Cruells Monllor, Eduardo El comportamiento animal CRU-com Cruz Iguerabide, Juan La niña telepática (y una historia de piratas) 82-36-CRU-niñ Cruz Iguerabide, Juan Poemas para las horas y los minutos P-CRU-poe Cruz Valdovinos, José M. Maestros del arte 7(091)(023)-CRU-mae Cruz-Contarini, Rafael Ajilimójili P-CRU-aji Cuadrench, Antoni Las Aventuras de Flor y Mosquín N-CUA-ave Cuadrench, Antoni La carta para mi amigo 087.5:821.134.1-3'-CUA-ca Cueto, Juan La sociedad de consumo de masas CUE-soc D. Taylor, Lewis Manual de lectura rápida 37.02-D.-man Daeschlein, Friedrich Primeros auxilios 616-08-083.98-DAE-pri Dahl, Roald El vicario que hablaba al revés 820-319-DAH-vic Dahl, Roald Matilda 087-DAH-mat Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Las brujas N-DAH-bru Dahl, Roald Charlie y la fábrica de chocolate DAH-cha Dahl, Roald La jirafa, el pelícano y el mono 820-DAH-jir Dahl, Roald Matilda 820-DAH-mat Dahl, Roald Danny, campeón del mundo N-DAH-dan Dale, Elisabeth Scrumpy 087-DAL-scr Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Dalmases, Antoni El vizconde menguante N-DAL-viz Darién, Juan The war of the numbers 820-3-DAR-war Darylmple, Jennifer La noche del oso 82-DAR-noc D'Atri, Adriana Así es nuestra casa 087-D'A-así De Cesco, Federica Bajo el viento de la Camarga 850-CES-vie De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Barrio Sésamo 030-IGL-bar De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid De la Iglesia, Saro Videocuentos infantiles N-IGL-vid de Laiglesia, Juan Antonio PINABETE LAI-pin de Laiglesia, Juan Antonio AVENTURAS DE LUCIANO, FAROL METROPOLITANO LAI-ave De Saint-Exupéry, Antoine El Principito N-SAI-pri De Saint-Exupéry, Antoine El Principito N-SAI-pri Deary, Terry Esa salvaje edad de piedra 903-DEA-sal Defoe, Daniel Robinson Crusoe N-DEF-rob Defoe, Daniel Robinson Crusoe N-DEF-rob Defoe, Daniel Robinson Crusoe N-DEF-rob del Amo, Montserrat Álvaro a su aire 82-31-AMO-álv del Amo, Montserrat La cometa verde N-AMO-com del Amo, Montserrat La piedra y el agua N-AMO-pie del Amo, Montserrat Velero de tierra y mar N-AMO-vel del Amo, Montserrat La piedra y el agua N-AMO-pie del Mazo, Margarita Mosquito 820-3-MAZ-mos del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue del Río, Carmina Nuestras obligaciones 006-RIO-nue Delessert, Etienne Cómo el ratón descubre el mundo al caerle una piedra en la cabeza DEL-cóm Delessert, Etienne Cómo el ratón descubre el mundo al caerle una piedra en la cabeza DEL-cóm Delibes, Miguel El camino 860-DEL-cam Delval, Juan A. La inteligencia DEL-int Denneborg, H. M. Jan y el caballo salvaje 82-DEN-jan Denou, Violeta Teo y la gincana 087.5-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo y sus travesuras 087-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo y sus abuelos 087-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo y los deportes 860-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo se va de viaje DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo en el parque acuático 087.5-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo juega en casa 860-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta La familia de Teo 087-DEN-fam Denou, Violeta Animales 087-DEN-ani Denou, Violeta Disfraces 860-DEN-dis Denou, Violeta Teo, vamos al circo 087-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo y las frutas 087.5-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Caen las hojas, Teo 087-DEN-cae Denou, Violeta Teo y los transportes 087.5-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo, hace frío 087-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Los disfraces de Teo 087-DEN-dis Denou, Violeta Teo se viste DEN-teo Denou, Violeta ¡Música, Teo! DEN-mús Denou, Violeta Teo en el parvulario 087-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta ¡Música, Teo! DEN-mús Denou, Violeta Teo, vamos al parque 087-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Teo en la cocina 087-DEN-teo Denou, Violeta Personajes del circo 087-DEN-per Denou, Violeta ¡Música, Teo! DEN-mús Denou, Violeta Llueve, Teo DEN-llu Desclot, Miguel El diablo Rapatú 860.9-34'19'-DES-dia Desclot, Miquel La mata de habas 087.5-DES-mat Días de Moraes, Antonieta Tonico y el secreto de estado N-DIA-ton Días de Moraes, Antonieta Tonico y el secreto de estado N-DIA-ton Díaz Pardo, Isaac The great journey 820-3-DIA-gre Díaz Uriarte, Ramón Las aves urbanas 591.1-DIA-ave Díaz, Gloria Cecilia Óyeme con los ojos 821.134.2-3119-DÍA-óye Díaz, Gloria Cecilia La bruja de la montaña 860-DIA-bru Diaz, Inmaculada Miguel se escribe con 'M' 82-3-DIA-mig Dickens, Charles Canción de Navidad 82-36-DIC-can Dickens, Charles Oliver Twist N-DIC-oli Dickens, Charles Oliver Twist N-DIC-oli Dickens, Charles Oliver Twist N-DIC-oli Dickens, Charles Cuentos de Navidad N-DIC-cue Dickens, Charles Oliver Twist N-DIC-oli DICKS, Terrance La Fiesta de la escuela DIC-fie DICKS, Terrance Así es Sally Ann 087-DIC-así Dietl, Erhard La pequeña bruja ha perdido su escoba 82-3-DIE-peq Díez Barrio, Germán Mi burro Pernales 860-DIE-bur Dif, Georges El libro de los pájaros 59-DIF-lib Diosdado, Ana El teatro por dentro DIO-tea Docampo, Xabier P. El misterio de las campanadas 821.134.2-36'19'-DOC-mis Doménec, Font El poder de la imagen 316-DOM-pod Donaldson, Julia El Grúfalo N-DON-grú Donaldson, Julia The Princess and the Wizard 820-3-DON-pri Donovan, John El amigo del solitario 820-DON-ami Dormido Bencomo, Sebastián La revolución informática DOR-rev Dorris, Michael Taínos 820-DOR-taí Doumerc, Beatriz La pata y la gata 087.5-DOU-pat Doumerc, Beatriz La bruja Belinda 087.5-DOU-bru Doumerc, Beatriz La caja de Carlota 087.5-DOU-caj Doumerc, Beatriz El chivo Chivón 087.5-DOU-chi Doumerc, Beatriz La cebra Jacinta 087.5-DOU-ceb Doumerc, Beatriz El dragón Danilo 087.5-DOU-dra Doumerc, Beatriz La foca Faustina 087.5-DOU-foc Doumerc, Beatriz El canguro Gaspar 087.5-DOU-can Doumerc, Beatriz La fiesta de Agueda 087.5-DOU-fie Doumerc, Beatriz Las gemelas Gina y Gema 087.5-DOU-gem Doumerc, Beatriz El búho Honorato 087.5-DOU-búh Doumerc, Beatriz El traje de Jeremías 087.5-DOU-tra Doumerc, Beatriz La familia koala 087.5-DOU-fam Doumerc, Beatriz El lagarto Celestino DOU-lag Doumerc, Beatriz El pico de Pipo 087.5-DOU-pic Doumerc, Beatriz El elefante Ernesto 087.5-DOU-ele Doumerc, Beatriz La gallina Guillermina 087.5-DOU-gal Doumerc, Beatriz La mona Ramona 087.5-DOU-mon Doumerc, Beatriz Nina y Nicanor 087.5-DOU-nin Doumerc, Beatriz La señora araña 087.5-DOU-señ Doumerc, Beatriz El lobo Cornelio 087.5-DOU-lob Doumerc, Beatriz El pirata Policarpo 087.5-DOU-pir Doumerc, Beatriz El inquieto Roque 087.5-DOU-inq Doumerc, Beatriz El ferrocarril de Rigoberto 087.5-DOU-fer Doumerc, Beatriz El oso Simón 087.5-DOU-oso Doumerc, Beatriz Titina y Evaristo 087.5-DOU-tit Doumerc, Beatriz El viaje de Valentina 087.5-DOU-via Doumerc, Beatriz El kiwi Wenceslao 087.5-DOU-kiw Doumerc, Beatriz Máximo y Calixto DOU-máx Doumerc, Beatriz Los dos payasos 087.5-DOU-dos Doumerc, Beatriz El disfraz de Zacarías 087.5-DOU-dis Doumerc, Beatriz La mula Pirula DOU-mul Doumerc, Beatriz Dos en apuros 087-DOU-dos Doumerc, Beatriz Máximo y Calixto DOU-máx Doumerc, Beatriz La mula Pirula DOU-mul Douzou, Olivier El desfile 821.133.1-34'20'-DOU-des Dubois, William P. Los 21 globos 82-33-DUB-21 Dumail, François La vida de las hormigas 595-DUM-vid Dumas, Alejandro Los tres mosqueteros N-DUM-tre Dumas, Alejandro Los tres mosqueteros N-DUM-tre Dumas, Alejandro Los Tres Mosqueteros 82-9-DUM-tre Dunbar, Joyce Patatas y tomates 820-DUN-pat Dunbar, Polly Lola con alas 087.5-DUN-lol Dunstan Martín, Graham Doneval N-DUN-don Dunstan Martín, Graham Favila N-DUN-fav Durán, Teresa Palabra de perro 82-DUR-pal Echevarría, Esther La ecociudad 50-ECH-eco Elena, Horacio Guille está enfermo 087-ELE-gui Ende, Michael Jim Botón y Lucas el maquinista 830-END-jim Ende, Michael Tranquila tragaleguas 82-38-END-tra Ende, Michael El secreto de Lena N-END-sec Ende, Michael El secreto de Lena 82-33-END-sec Ende, Michael El secreto de Lena 821.112.2'19'-END-sec Ende, Michael El secreto de Lena 821.112.2'19'-END-sec Ende, Michael Jim Boton y los trece salvajes N-END-jim Ende, Michael El secreto de Lena N-END-sec Ennis, Philip La vaca y la mosca 820-ENN-vac Entrena Palomero, J. La crisis de la energía ENT-cri Equipo Abside Todos juntos EQU-tod Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo editorial SM Atrapalabra 82-8-EQU-atr Equipo
          Blues Legacy 12-02-2016 with Greg Schultz        
Playlist:

Chris Cain- Dont Let The Same Dog Bite You Twice - Blind Pig Sampler Prime Chops Vol 3
Matt Guitar Murphy- Its Been A Long Long Time - The Blues Dont Bother Me
Terrie Odabi- Gentrification Blues - My Blue Soul
Frankie Lee- Whats The Matter Baby - Blind Pig Sampler Prime Chops Vol 3
- voicebreak -
Janiva Magness- Less And Less Of You - Bury Him At The Crossroads
Little Juniors Blue Flames- Feelin Good - Sun Records The Definitive Hits Vol 2
Dizzy Burnett And Grover Coe- Roll With My Baby - Santa Cruz Blues
Willie Nix- Seems Like A Million Years - Sun Records Essential Blues Anthems
Stan Ruffo And The Instigators- Surfnet - Santa Cruz Blues
- voicebreak -
Sleepy John Estes- The Girl I Love She Got Long Curly Hair - Live In Japan With Hammie Nixon
Sean Costello- Jelly Roll - Call The Cops
Fat Catz- Cat Talk - Santa Cruz Blues
Various Artists- You Treat Me So Badly - Texas Soul Sisters
Various Artists- Deep Down South Carey Bell - This Is The Blues Harmonica
Various Artists- HTown - Texas Soul Sisters
- voicebreak -
Big Walter Horton- Hard Hearted Woman - Cant Keep Lovin You
Various Artists- I Want To Know - Texas Soul Sisters
Various Artists- This Is The Blues - This Is The Blues Harmonica
Various Artists- Glenda Hargis Keep Your Hands Off Of Him - Texas Soul Sisters
Maria Muldaur- The Freedom Train - A Woman Alone With The Blues
Magic Sam- All Of Your Love - West Side Soul
Mance Lipscomb- Wonder Where My Easy Rider Gone - Mance Lipscomb Texas Country Blue
Bo Diddley- You Bo Diddley - The Black Gladiator
Beverly Guitar Watkins- Baghdad Blues - Sisters Of The South
Various Artists- Etta Baker OneDime Blues - Sisters Of The South
David Bromberg Band- Why Are People Like That - The Blues The Whole Blues And Nothing But The Blues
- voicebreak -
John Mayall The Bluesbreakers- Hit The Highway - A Hard Road
Sharon Jones- He Said I Can - Soul Time
John Mayall The Bluesbreakers- Top Of The Hill - A Hard Road
Sharon Jones The DapKings- Settling In - Soul Time
- voicebreak -
Johnny Nicholas- Red Light - Fresh Air
The Peterson Brothers- Dont You Lie To Me - The Peterson Brothers
Mississippi John Hurt- Salty Dog Blues - The Best Of Mississippi John Hurt
Little Charlie The Nightcats- Percolatin - Shadow Of The Blues
Lil Buck Senegal- If You Want Me To Leave - The Buck Starts Here
- voicebreak -
Jimmie Vaughn- No Use Knocking - Play More Blues
Cyril Neville- Magic Honey - Magic Honey
Blind Willie McTell- Writin Paper Blues - When The Sun Goes Down Statesboro Blues
Junior Watson- The Woodpecker - Long Overdue
Sunnyland Slim- Be My Baby - Smile On My Face
- voicebreak -
Ma Rainey- Army Camp Harmony Blues - An Introduction To Ma Rainey
Pam Tate- Your Secrets Safe - Die Happy
Kirk Fletcher- Club Zanzibar - Shades Of Blue
FLOYD DIXON- Everythings Alright - Fine Fine Thing
- voicebreak -
Koko Taylor- Have You Heard The News - Alligator Records Genuine Houserockin Christmas


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/67/playlistDate/2016-12-02
          Blues Legacy 06-24-2016         
Playlist:

Anson Funderburgh- Chill Out - Sins
Angela Strehli- Voodoo - Soul Shake
Otis Rush- My Baby Is A Good Un - The Essential Otis Rush
Alberta Hunter- Always - Amtrak Blues
Tracy Nelson- Dont Go No Further - I Feel So Good
- voicebreak -
Sharon Lewis Texas Fire- Blues Train - The Real Deal
GUITAR SHORTY- Get Busy - Watch Your Back
Fats Domino- Bad Luck And Trouble Remastered - Walking To New Orleans
Carol Fran- Emmett Lee - Gulf Coast Blues
- voicebreak -
Ruthie Foster- You Keep Me Hangin On - The Truth According To Ruthie Foster
Magic Sam- All Of Your Love - West Side Soul
Kelley Hunt- Im Ready - Gravity Loves You
- voicebreak -
John Long- No Flowers For Me - Stand Your Ground
Toronzo Cannon- Mrs From Mississippi - The Chicago Way
Joe Bonamassa- You Left Me Nothin But The Bill And The Blues - Blues Of Desperation
- voicebreak -
Bonnie Raitt- What Youre Doin To Me - Dig In Deep
The Mannish Boys- The Bullet - Shake For Me
Lynwood Slim Kid Ramos- Well Alright OK You Win - Last Call
Etta James- Hound Dog - Matriarch Of The Blues
- voicebreak -
Muddy Waters- Rollin Stone - Martin Scorsese Presents The Blues
Delbert McClinton Glen Clark- Whoever Said It Was Easy - Blind Crippled And Crazy
Coco Montoya- You Didnt Think About That - Suspicion
Brownie McGhee Sonny Terry- Born To Live The Blues - Sonny Terry Brownie McGhee At Sugar Hill Live Remastered
- voicebreak -
Koko Taylor- Let The Good Times Roll - Deluxe Edition
Little Milton- I Feel So Bad - Little Milton Greatest Hits
Majic Slim- Scuffling - Grand Slam
Michael Bloomfield- Killing Floor - Essential Blues 19641969
- voicebreak -
Rosie Ledet- The Next Thing - Show Me Something
Otis Spann- No More Doggin - The Biggest Thing Since Colossus
Washboard Chaz Blues Trio- Busy Bootin - Mix It Up
Dr John- Cabbage Head - Goin Back To New Orleans
- voicebreak -
KID RAMOS- Cold Chicken And Beer - Kid Ramos
Kirk Fletcher- School Street Shuffle - Im Here And Im Gone 10th Anniversary Reissue With Bonus Tracks
Stevie Ray Vaughan- You Can Have My Husband Lou Ann Barton - Solos Sessions Encores
- voicebreak -
Lil Buck Senegal- This Road - The Buck Starts Here
Hollywood Fats- Rock This House - Rock This House
- voicebreak -
Lucinda Williams- Disgusted - Lucinda Williams
Muddy Waters- Sugar Sweet - The Anthology 19471972


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/67/playlistDate/2016-06-24
          Blues Legacy 11-28-2014 with Greg Schultz        
Playlist:

- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
- voicebreak -
Kirk Fletcher- Dont Go No Further - Shades Of Blue
FLOYD DIXON- Love Oh Love - Fine Fine Thing
Liz Mandeville- ClarksdaleRiverside Hotel Blues feat Willie Big Eyes Smith - Clarksdale
Jimmie Dawkins- Down Ao Long - All For Busness
Clarence Gatemouth Brown- Midnight Hour - Boogie Rambler Blues Essentials
- voicebreak -
James Kinds- Katie - Love You From The Top
Various Artists- Memphis Slim Willie Dixon Stewball - Classic AfricanAmerican Ballads
Katie Webster- WhooWee Sweet Daddy - The Swamp Boogie Queen
Big Time Sarah The BTS Express- I Dont Want No Man - Blues In The Year OneDOne
Lil Buck Senegal- Line Dancer - The Buck Starts Here
- voicebreak -
various Artists- The Race Of Jim Lee Amd Katie Adam - Smithsonian Folkways Classic Africanamerican Ballads
Lightnin Hopkins- Bald Headed Woman - The Best Of Lightning Hopkins
Clifton Chenier- Louisiana Blues - Louisiana Blues Zydeco
Blind Willie McTell- Dark Night Blues - The Best Of Blind Willie McTell
Curley Weaver- You Was Born To Die - Curley Weaver 19331935
Precious Bryant- Dont You Wanna Junp - Fool Me Good
Tampa Red- Things Bout Comin My Way No 2 - Tampa Red The Guitar Wizard
Robert Johnson- Come On In My Kitchen - King Of The Delta Blues
Mance Lipscomb- Tom Moores Farm - Best Of Mance Lipscomb
Mercy Dee Walton- Lady Luck - Troublesome Mind
KC DOUGLAS- Mercury Blues - MERCURY BLUES
Fred McDowell- When You Get Home Please Write Me A Few Of Your Lines Remastered - Fred McDowell The Alan Lomax Recordings
Big Mama Thornton- Wade In The Water - Ball And Chain
Big Joe Williams- Sloppy Drunk Blues - Shake Your Boogie
TBone Walker- Trinity River Blues - TBone Walker Greatest Hits
Carolyn Wonderland- Misunderstood - Miss Understood
Manish Boys- Hey Now - Shake For Me
Sista Monica- Cookin With Grease - Cant Keep A Good Woman Down
- Stormy Monday - The Best Of Chess Blues
various Artists- Loves Gone - New Orleans Blues Jam
various Artists- Leroys Shuffle - New Orleans Blues Jam
various Artists- Back To The Boogie - New Orleans Blues Jam
Papa Juke- Love Ladder - Out Of The Blue
Marcia Ball- The Tattooed Lady And The Alligator Man - The Tattooed Lady And The Alligator Man
Shawn Amos- Hoodoo Man Blues - The Reverend Shawn Amos Tells It EP


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/67/playlistDate/2014-11-28
          Blues Legacy 05-02-2014 with Greg Schultz        
Playlist:

Allen Toussaint- Happy Times - The Wild Sound Of New Orleansthe Complete Tousan Sessions
Snooks Eaglin- Lipstick Traces - Out Of Nowhere
Clarence Gatemouth Brown- Going Back To Louisiana - Back To Bogalusa
Gregg Martinez- When A Woman Loves - South Of The Parish Line
Snooks Eaglin- Mailman Blues - Out Of Nowhere
- voicebreak -
Blind Willie McTell- Statesboro Blues - Statesboro Blues When The Sun Goes Down Series 2003 Remastered
Debbie Davies- All Of My Forgiveness - After The Fall
Johnny Nitro- Check Yourself - Drinkin Triples Till Your Seeing Double
Blind Willie McTell- Three Women Blues - Blind Willie McTell Statesboro Blues The Early Years 19271935
Sista Monica- Baby Workout - People Love The Blues
The Allman Brothers Band- Statesboro Blues Live - At Fillmore East Deluxe Edition
- voicebreak -
Various Artists- Albert Collins Robert Cray Johnny Copeland TBone Shuffle - Alligator Records 40th Anniversary Collection
Jude Taylor His Burning Flames- Burnin Flames Special - Zydeco Bayou
DONNIE FRITTS- Hello Memphis - EVERYBODYS GOT A SONG
Various Artists- Roll Your Money Maker Elvin Bishop Little Smokey Smothers - Alligator Records 40th Anniversary Collection
Palladins- Dont Stay Out All Night Long - Years Since Yesterday
Taj Mahal- Think - Senior Blues
- voicebreak -
Robert Johnson- Sweet Home Chicago - Robert Johnson The Complete Recordings
Pinetop Perkins- Big Fat Mama - Ladies Man
MoJo Medicine Show- Good Morning Blues - No Strings Attached
Robert Johnson- Come On In My Kitchen - King Of The Delta Blues Singers
Luther Tucker- Sweet Home Chicago - Antones 20th Anniversary
Johnny Johnston- You My Medicine - Hot Fingerpickin Slide Guitar
- voicebreak -
Ronnie Earl And The Broadcasters- I Want To Shout About It - Peace Of Mind
Johnny O Band- Keep The Faith Keep The Freedom - Time For The Turnaround
Marva Wright- Id Rather Go Blind - Bluesiana Mama
- Go Girl - Blacktop Bluesarama
Earl King And Roomful Of Blues- Theres Been Some Lonely Lonely Nights - Glazed
Preservation Hall Danny Barker- Ooh Poo Pa Do - Doctors Professors Kings Queens The Big Ol Box Of New Orleans
- voicebreak -
Compilation- Tell Me Mama - The Chess 50th Anniversary Collection Little Walter His Best
- All Aboard - The Anthology 19471972
Willie Dixon- Little Red Rooster - I Am The Blues
Compilation- My Babe - The Chess 50th Anniversary Collection Little Walter His Best
Muddy Waters- Im Your Hoochie Coochie Man - The Essence Of Muddy Waters
Michael Bloomfield- Born In Chicago - Essential Blues 19641969
- voicebreak -
Lil Buck Senegal- If You Want Me To Leave - The Buck Starts Here
Cyril Neville- Magic Honey - Magic Honey
Jon Cleary- Been And Gone - Jon Cleary The Absolute Monster Gentlemen
Lil Buck Senegal- This Road - The Buck Starts Here
Cyril Neville- You Can Run But You Cant Hide - Magic Honey
Marcia Ball- Im Coming Down With The Blues - Presumed Innocent
- voicebreak -
The New Orleans Social Club- This Is My Country - Sing Me Back Home
- Dr Zazz - Doctors Proffessors Kings And Queens
Magic Sam- SanHoZay - Black Magic
- voicebreak -


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/67/playlistDate/2014-05-02
          Responsibility of the UN        
THE UN SECURITY COUNCIL SHUOLD RECONSIDER ITS NON-INTERVENTIONIST POLICY TO PREVENT GENOCIDES:

At the end of the Second World War, world leaders decided to resurrect the League of Nations with a new name- The United Nations- to avoid further conflicts that might devastate the world as it entered the nuclear era. The Security Council of the UN is responsible for trying to resolve these inter-state and intra-state conflicts. So far, the Security Council has been successful as a mediator in preventing a major world war, but it has witnessed countless conflicts – often, but not always, proxy wars of the two super powers entangled in a ‘cold-war’ and genocides resulting in the death of millions. Since the primary reason for the inability of the Security Council to prevent genocides is its non-interventionist policy, time has come for the UN to reconsider this policy.

The Security Council considers military intervention a violation of international law – despite tolerating numerous such violations by its powerful members, irrespective of a UN mandate- and is reluctant to use force to prevent any atrocity committed by a sovereign state, especially within its own borders. It prefers conflict prevention as the key strategy. And when this strategy fails to prevent conflicts, the Security Council issues warnings to the countries concerned and then imposes arms embargos and economic sanctions. In case of any cease fire agreement between the belligerents, it forms irregular peace-keeping forces- comprising both lightly armed troops and unarmed observers- for particular conflict zones. Although the bulk of the peacekeepers are supplied by poor countries to earn foreign currency, rich and powerful countries also provide manpower. These peacekeepers are usually deployed, when a cease-fire has already been established between the warring parties, to supervise the cease-fire as impartial observers. They are not allowed to use weapons unless they themselves are under attack. But the warring parties are seldom intimidated by warnings and sanctions or even lightly armed peacekeepers. The central African state of Rwanda has paid horribly as a consequence of the failure of this UN policy of non-intervention.

During the 1994 Rwandan civil war, the majority tribe, the Hutus, slaughtered nearly a million civilian Tutsis, within a hundred days, in order to create a “pure Hutu state”. The UN decided not to intervene and prevent the genocide. Moreover, after the killing of ten UN peacekeepers - who had been overseeing a peace treaty between the government and rebel forces - by Rwandan government forces, out of fear for the safety of the peacekeepers, the UN decided to withdraw all of its diplomats and 3000 peacekeeping troops despite repeated warnings from the UN commander in Rwanda, General Romeo Dallaire, about probable consequences. The result is vividly depicted in The Guardian report on April 12, 1994: “A few yards from the French troops, a Rwandan woman was being hauled along the road by a young man with a machete. He pulled at her clothes as she looked at the foreign soldiers in the desperate, terrified hope that they could save her from death. But none of the troops moved. ‘It’s not our mandate,’ said one …The Belgian and French troops are here to get foreigners out…Rwandans, including staff of international organizations, are left to their fate” (Huband). Furthermore, Linda Melvern of The Guardian commented on the 10th anniversary of the genocide, “What we know now is that a corrupt, vicious and violent oligarchy in Rwanda planned and perpetrated the crime of genocide, testing the UN each step of the way. It was convinced that whatever it did, the UN would fail to act. It would also seem that France’s intimate involvement with the Hutu regime only worsened the situation” (2004).

Similarly, the UN failed to prevent the 1995 genocide of Bosnian Muslims by the Serbs in the UN declared ‘safe haven’, Srebrenica, during the Bosnian War. Today, in Sudan, government-sponsored Muslim Arab militias are in the process of ‘cleansing’ a Muslim black minority in the western Darfur area, resulting in a thousand deaths daily. The Sudanese government has also been waging a separate war with Christian rebels from the southern part of the country for the last two decades, which has already caused the deaths of two million people. Although Kofi Annan, the UN Secretary General, “called on the UN Security Council to issue ‘the strongest warning’ to forces fighting in Sudan to bring an end to the civil war in the south and the crisis in the western Darfur region” (Olivier, 2004), the UN is reluctant to intervene militarily and prevent such a catastrophe. Appalled by the UN reaction to the crisis in Darfur, Gregory Stanton of Genocide Watch commented, “The norm of international law is still against intervention, even when a government has forfeited its own claim to legitimacy by committing genocide or ethnic cleansing against its own people…We need military forces that can intervene with heavy infantry to prevent or stop genocides when they begin…we need a world movement to prevent genocide and ethnic cleansing, an effort as great as the anti-slavery movement” (2004). Therefore, it has become essential that the UN reconsider its non-interventionist policy to prevent genocide.

Despite repeated UN failures to stop genocide, some observers comment that the UN should continue its current peacekeeping policy of consent of the warring parties, neutrality, and the use of force only in self-defense against any proposals of intervention by multi-lateral forces. A former UN Secretary General, Perez de Cuellar, has characterized peacekeeping “as the opposite of military action against aggression, and non-fighting soldiers of peace as a symbol of international authority providing an honourable alternative to war and a useful pretext for peace” (Currier, 2003). Critics also emphasize conflict prevention strategies since they are less costly options for the international community than military action and reconstruction after a war.

Undoubtedly, conflict prevention by diplomatic means is the best solution; but it requires a consensus among all parties involved, and often reaching a settlement becomes impossible because of adherence to inflexible and unjust demands by the parties. Moreover, according to Stanton, “In Sudan, as in Rwanda, diplomats see their job as ‘conflict resolution.’ Genocide isn’t conflict; it’s one-sided mass murder. Jews had no conflict with the Nazis. Armenians posed no threat to Turks. Tutsis did not advocate mass murder of Rwandan Hutus. Conflict resolution isn’t genocide prevention” (2004). In many such cases, governments themselves are reluctant to save their citizens. As a result, they receive condemnation from the UN Secretary General: “When crimes on such a scale are being committed, and a sovereign state appears unable or unwilling to protect its own citizens, a grave responsibility falls on the international community…” (Olivier, 2004).

However, in many cases, threats of arms embargos and later economic sanctions fail to force such parties to refrain from committing atrocities. In such cases, the UN becomes unable to save innocent civilians despite ‘feeling a grave responsibility’. Therefore, the UN should reconsider its current policy of non-intervention. It should stress saving lives instead of endorsement by the warring factions or oppressive governments. It should be bold enough to intervene militarily when all other options fail.

Some critics argue that interventions could escalate the war, as the UN could appear to take sides. Discussing the future of the UN, Tasos Papadimitriou comments, “I would also argue that we need it (the UN) to be able and willing to intervene - and that does not necessarily or primarily mean the use of armed force - when humanitarian principles are at stake. If we accept that gross and systematic infringement of citizens’ well-being can not be tolerated in the name of national sovereignty, the right to intervene is the logical consequence” (2004). Thus, the UN needs to risk taking the side of the victims of genocide. Such a step will make the UN a target of the oppressors, and will result in loss of UN military personnel, but if the UN wishes to espouse universal human rights, it needs to prove that it is serious in its efforts, even at the cost of the lives of its soldiers.

Nevertheless, some observers think that the UN will still be ineffective even with an interventionist doctrine because of the vested interests of powerful nations. This argument cannot be entirely ruled out. Unfortunately, we do not live in an ideal world; powerful nations will never give up their influence. And since they possess the right to veto any Security Council resolution, hardly any military intervention by the UN will be sanctioned which conflicts with the interests of these nations and their allies. As Papadimitriou comments in his article, “Its (Security Council’s) resolutions quite often have nothing much to do with principle or international law but everything to do with the balance of power within it, being results of intimidation, coercion, bribing and horse-trading” (2004). Therefore, some people advocate abolishing the veto power of the five permanent members. It is a fair proposal, but not compatible with realpolitik. As a pragmatic UN official argued, “the UN, at its best, is a mirror of the world…it is far better to have a world organization anchored in geopolitical reality than one too detached from the verities of global power to be effective (Papadimitriou, 2004).” The war in Iraq has proved that powerful nations will act according to their wishes, with or without any UN mandate, with or without veto power. But on the other hand, not all conflicts are the result of power games between powerful nations. Many are caused by hatred of the ethnicity and religion of others without provocation from foreigners. As Emmanuel Dongola commented in the New York Times, “The genocide happened in Rwanda, but it could have taken place in any of the many pseudo-nation-states that are the legacy of colonialism- states in which the people are more loyal to their ethnic communities than to a faraway central government…” (2004). In such cases, a UN-mandated armed force should intervene and save people from genocide.
It is true that the UN is not a panacea. It is unable to end conflicts where major powers are involved, but it should try to intervene where they are not, where they are merely disinterested because of the strategic unimportance of the conflict area. For such interventions, the UN must form a properly equipped armed force under direct command of the Secretary General of the UN by recruiting volunteer soldiers from member nations.

Because of its non interventionist policy, the UN has lost respect from many member nations, especially from civil-war-torn Africa. One Senegalese commentator lamented in Le Quotidien, “As soon as it was understood that this savagery (in Rwanda) was African, it allowed (Europeans) to pontificate at leisure. How else can one explain the infamous phrase, said to have been uttered by François Mitterrand (then French President) that ‘in those countries, genocide is not very important’” (Diop, 2004). While Stanton commented, “Why, 10 years after Rwanda, has the world reacted so slowly to ethnic cleansing in Darfur? Racism is one reason. African lives still are not seen to equal the value of the lives of Kosovars and other white people, who are inside our circle of moral concern” (2004). Unless this kind of resentment is not mitigated by proper action to prevent genocides, the result might be the demise of the UN, or at least of its Security Council, rendering it irrelevant just like its predecessor, the League of Nations, which was accused of being powerless and restricted only to the discussion of trivial issues like the European railway system even on the very day the Germans attacked Poland and started one of the most devastating wars in history: the Second World War.

Fortunately, Kofi Annan’s ‘strongest warning’ of embargos and sanctions resulted in a peace agreement between the government and the rebels in Sudan. The belligerents agreed to end their conflict by December 31, 2004. However, they have made many such agreements in the last two decades and failed to respect them. There is no guarantee that they will not fail this time. Unless the UN adopts the policy of military intervention to save people, instead of the current policy of only keeping the peace after a cease-fire, it will not gain respect and fear from dogmatic armed groups indifferent to mass murder. A decade after the Rwandan genocide, the crisis at Darfur has presented another opportunity for the UN to make the necessary policy shift. The UN must utilize the opportunity this time and regain respect from its member states, all peace-loving people and the victims of genocides.


References:


Currier, N. (2003). 1988 UN peacekeeping forces: ‘the impartial soldiers.’ UN Chronicle. [online serial], 3. Available: http://www.un.org/Pubs/chronicle/2003/issue3/0303p45.asp (November 30, 2004).

Diop, B. B. (April 8, 2004). The world stood by for too long (press review- Le Quotidien, April 6, 2004). The Guardian. [online]. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/rwanda/story/0,14451,1187931,00.html (November 30, 2004).

Dongala, E. (April 8, 2004). The world stood by for too long (press review- New York Times, April 6, 2004). The Guardian. [online]. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/rwanda/story/0,14451,1187931,00.html (November 30, 2004).

Huband, M. (April 12, 1994). UN troops stand by and watch carnage. The Guardian. [online]. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/rwanda/story/0,14451,1186807,00.html (November 30, 2004).

Melvern, L. (April 5, 2004). The west did intervene in Rwanda, on the wrong side. The Guardian. [online]. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/rwanda/story/0,14451,1185980,00.html (November 30, 2004).


Olivier, M. & Agencies. (November 18, 2004). Annan urges security council warning on Sudan. The Guardian. [online]. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/sudan/story/0,14658,1354293,00.html (November 30, 2004).

Papadimitriou, T. (2004). A radical vision for the future of the UN. [online]. Available: http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/reform/cluster1/2004/1024radical.htm (November 30, 2004).

Stanton, G. (2004). Bloodbath in the making. [online]. Available: http://www.globalpolicy.org/security/issues/sudan/2004/0402bloodbath.htm (November 30, 2004).
          HUMAN RIGHTS IN 2010: THE CIRI REPORT        
In conjunction with Human Rights Day, 2011, the CIRI Human Rights Data Project releases its ratings of government respect for 16 internationally-recognized human rights in almost every country in the world for the year 2010. The CIRI project's data stretch back, annually, to 1981 and can be freely accessed at www.humanrightsdata.org

The CIRI data are used by governments, scholars, international organizations, businesses, think tanks, and students the world over for a wide variety of purposes. The project is Co-Directed by Dr. David L. Cingranelli (Binghamton University) and Dr. David L. Richards (University of Connecticut) and assisted by Senior CIRI Associate K. Chad Clay (University of Georgia). Any inquiries may be addressed to info@humanrightsdata.org

Below, we present four types of stories from this year's released data:


THE BEST AND WORST of 2010

All 14 of CIRI's indicators of particular human rights can be summed into an overall human rights score for each country in the world. The top (best) score a country can receive is 30, while the worst score would be 0. The world average was 18 and the USA scored 26 (tied for 5th place). Below are the best and worst of 2010.

Top 13 Countries:

Denmark [30]
Iceland [30]
Austria [29]
New Zealand [29]
Norway [29]
Australia [28]
Belgium [28]
Finland [28]
Liechtenstein [28]
Luxembourg [28]
Netherlands [28]
San Marino [28]
Sweden [28]


Bottom 10 Countries:

Burma [2]
Eritrea [2]
Iran [2]
China [3]

Korea, Democratic People's Republic of [3]
Yemen [3]
Zimbabwe [3]
Saudi Arabia [4]
Congo, Democratic Republic of [5]
Nigeria [5]


THE UN HUMAN RIGHTS COUNCIL

On May 20, 2011, the United Nations elected 15 new members of the UN Human Rights Council. Here are their total CIRI human rights scores for 2010, out of a possible 30 points. Six out of the fifteen new members had scores below the world average of 18 for the year 2010. Below are the scores for each new member:

Austria         [29]
Benin          [16]
Botswana     [22]
Burkina Faso    [20]
Republic of Congo  [18]  
Chile             [26]
Costa Rica     [26]
Czech Republic   [24]
India               [10]
Indonesia        [13]
Italy               [24]
Kuwait          [11]
Peru              [18]
Philippines     [15]
Romania        [17]


DECLINE IN RESPECT FOR PHYSICAL INTEGRITY RIGHTS

The CIRI Index of Physical Integrity Rights measure's a government's overall level of respect for four rights: torture, extrajudicial killing, political imprisonment, disappearance. The index ranges from 0 (no respect for any of these four rights) to 8 (full respect for all four of these rights). In 2008-2009, the world saw an overall average increase in these rights of .047. However, a reversal of this improvement was seen from 2009-2010, with it's overall average decline in respect of -.031. In particular 2009-2010 saw the following dramatic changes:

Three Countries Lost 3 Points (Violations Increased)

Croatia
Georgia
Panama

Seven Countries Gained 2 Points (Violations Decreased)

Angola
Chad
Chile
Guinea
Italy
Kenya
Seychelles

The fact that the CIRI data stretch back in time to 1981 allows for longitudinal comparison. For example, the graph below shows how regional averages of respect for physical integrity rights have changed over the years:



MORE TORTURE

An important part of this overall decline in respect for physical integrity rights comes from a continuing degradation, globally, of respect for the right not to be tortured. For example, 2009-2010 saw 17 countries engage in more torture, while only 8 engaged in less torture. Below is the list of these countries. CIRI's indicator of government respect for torture is as follows: (0) Frequent/systematic torture, (1) Moderate/occasional torture (2) No reported/confirmed episodes of
torture.

Increased Torture, 2009-2010

Austria
Bahrain
Canada
Congo, Republic of
Croatia
Georgia
Hungary
Japan
Korea, Republic of
Kyrgyz Republic
Marshall Islands
Mozambique
Nicaragua
Senegal
Sierra Leone
Slovenia
Thailand

Decreased Torture, 2009-2010

Chile
Czech Republic       
Denmark       
Dominica       
Italy       
Micronesia, Federated States of       
Seychelles       
Spain

This trend in the greater use of torture is not a post-9/11 phenomenon, however. The chart below shows the increased use of torture beginning in the early 1980s. The extent of the drop in respect for this right differed by region and is seen to be particularly acute in Africa.


          Pape Souare back in full training nearly a year after car crash        
The Crystal Palace and Senegal defender sustained serious injuries in the incident on the M4.
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          DIOGO MENDES, PORTUGAL        

“Os Snorkel Roca Silva têm-me acompanhado por terrenos tão adversos em Países como Islândia, IlhasFaroés, Marrocos,  Mauritânia, Senegal, Mali, Burkina-Faso e inúmeras incursões off-road  em território Europeu! O seu excelente rendimento aliado a […]

La entrada DIOGO MENDES, PORTUGAL aparece primero en Roca Silva.


          Students Chronicle Summer Internships Around the World        

Alumni DC Networking Reception

One of the many summer activities chronicled by student Teresa Maria Barros-Bailey MANPTS ’18 was attending an alumni networking event at the Middlebury In DC offices.

Every summer, Middlebury Institute students take advantage of time away from their regular course work to undertake a wide range of activities. Many take on summer internships, fellowships and/or job, while others undertake additional coursework or projects designed to further their career goals and prepare them to step back into the job market after graduation. Summer 2017 was no exception, as students traveled far and wide to take on roles both new and familiar and advance their ability to have an impact in their chosen field.

Three students in particular chronicled their summer travels in a series of “takeovers” of the Institute’s Instagram account (@middleburyinstitute). Idaho native and first-year Nonproliferation and Terrorism Studies student Teresa Maria Barros-Bailey MANPTS ’18 posted about her adventures getting to know Washington, D.C., noting that “There are at least four other MIIS grads working at the government consultancy I'm interning with this summer.” Noelle Marie Hollister MAT ’17 (Japanese) shared images from the Middlebury College campus in Vermont while spending her summer working at the Middlebury Language Schools.

Meanwhile, guest Instagrammer Michala Braun MANPTS ’18 checked in from her U.S. Department of State internship at the U.S. Embassy in Abu Dhabi, capital of the United Arab Emirates. In addition to touting the value of her professional experience—and the culinary pleasures of Abu Dhabi’s café culture—she highlighted the support offered to students by the Institute’s Immersive Professional Learning Funding, which paid her airfare to the UAE and back. Her summer travels also included trips to Kathmandu, Nepal and Dakar, Senegal.

“The professors and advisors at MIIS are so tuned in to the industries that students are going into!” noted Barros Bailey in one of her Instagram posts. “A lot of the professors have actually been practitioners in the field, which brings some really valuable real-world insight to the classroom.”

Students serving as summer fellows with marine policy organizations around the world through the Institute’s Center for the Blue Economy also blogged about their professional experiences and adventures from Monterey to Palau, to Rome, Italy, as described in this recent story.


          Fránçois and the Atlas Mountains Loop Nostalgic Resonances, African Sounds, and Sparkling Indie Rock on E Volo Love        
Francois11_1-c-LolaPerstows

In a centuries-old French church high on a hill, Malian-style finger-picked guitar riffs bounced off cabaret-ready piano lines. Whispering calabash brushed against shimmering minimal techno. All in service of a dreamy set of songs that became E Volo Love, tracks that straddle the catchiest of indie rock and electronica and the lush borders of globally inflected experimentation.

This is the world of Fránçois and the Atlas Mountains. Fránçois has opened for incandescent Afrobeat scion Femi Kuti, and he has played with effusive retro-rockers Camera Obscura. He’s leaped unexpectedly onto the indie scene in an English industrial town and learned to embrace the sounds of his native Southwestern France. He’s gotten lost in the outskirts of Fez and dug into the complexities of Senegalese mbalax’s rolling club beats.

Shaped by the quiet influence of West and North African sounds and by the gritty yet friendly vibe of Bristol’s underground arts scene, Fránçois and the Atlas Mountains make a return to roots—hometowns, lost loves, Western pop transformed in the crucibles of the Sahara or Dakar—utterly engaging and fresh.

Fránçois was raised on Serge Gainsbourg, Jacques Prévert, the classics of French pop and poetry. He also grew up hearing tales from Cameroon, where his mother spent her girlhood. Yet the rural French kid’s mind was blown when he first heard grunge and pounded on a distortion pedal, and he started making his own tapes.

When work took him to Bristol, England, Fránçois immediately jumped into a thriving scene, one that included both the speed-of-weed trip hop of groups like Portishead and Massive Attack, and a DIY-loving arts underground where experimentation and collaboration were welcome. Fránçois, merrily collecting a menagerie of instruments and accompanying himself live on keys he played with his feet, fit in perfectly and soon connected with bands from The Pastels to Movietone to Camera Obscura, who invited him to join.

Click here to read the rest of the article!

          Davido slapped by MOPOL in Abuja.        

Dami Duro crooner Davido may not have bargained for what he got in Abuja the last time he went for a show sponsored by Nokia.

Davido, arguably, is the most sought after artiste in the current Nigerian music market.

The super entertainer who is an ambassador of MTN Pulse is multi talented and this explains why he's a pianist, producer, composer and arranger of songs. Away from the appraisals, the tattoo loving artiste, going by the latest gist at our disposal might need to watch the way he talks to people and stop letting his sudden stardom derail him off radar like those who have come and gone be for him.

The fast rising star who would be collaborating with Senegalese Konvict Music boss and singer, Akon, on the remix of his rave making single, Dami Duro, we reliably gathered was recently harassed and hit by a uniformed man at the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.

According to the angry source, the musician was invited for the recently concluded Nokia Rap Battle show alongside other prominent acts by ones Nosa, a fast rising music producer precipitate manager. The show ended and according to the source, Davido who was said to be drunk to stupor insisted on leaving in a friend's car instead of going in the one that brought him, and other top artistes and crew from the hotel.

He insisted though and Nosa being his host had to drive behind them, bubble later burst when the car conveying Davido was stopped by some military men for the routine check especially at that time of the night.

Our source revealed that the obviously tipsy Davido jumped out of the car and started boasting "don't you know me, what the Bleep is wrong with you guys..." He started shouting about who he is and what guts the Mopol men had to stop his friend`s car.

This act, SWAGGDICE TV was told, infuriated one of the Mopol and while the musician was still ranting and boasting, he was landed a dirty slap and was threatened with gun to shut up if he does not want to be bathed in his blood.

The musician we were further told was immediately rushed back into the car by Nosa and his friend who had at that point got down from their bus and pleaded with the uniformed men that he's actually a popular musician especially in Lagos and was coming from a show.

The story however didn't end there as the angry Davido did not hesitate to transfer aggression to Nosa immediately they got back to the hotel. The musician we learnt went as far as telling the man who got him the Nokia performance deal to shut up and not talk when he's talking else he would slap him the way the Mopol treated him.

Nosa, the simple lifestyle dude who we learnt might have been in the entertainment industry before Davido was born, just walked away because he saw Davido as a proud boy.

Nonso, we gathered`is currently a stakeholder in Limelite Records which has signed artistes like Freestyle, Munachi Abii and many more. "He could not withstand a boy of Davido's age talk to him in such manner for trying to help him realize his mistakes and as such, had to quietly walk away. Anyway pride goes before fall so my advice is the billionaire son should thread softly." One of the eye-witnesses revealed to us.
Sent from my BlackBerry wireless device from MTN

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          The Intouchables        
It’s not easy to pull off an interracial buddy movie about a wealthy Parisian paraplegic and his Senegalese born helper without treading on some sensitive territory...
          Effect of Erytherina senegalensis on the oestrogen level and histology of ovaryof an adult female albino wistar rats        
Nnama TN, Ezejindu DN, Ilodibe CS and Nwogueze BC
          Initiatives Build Capacity on CIS, Climate Finance        
The Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology (CIMH) received its official designation as the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Regional Climate Center (RCC) for the Caribbean. The ‘Climate Information Service for Increasing Resilience and Productivity in Senegal’ project of the USAID mission in Senegal (USAID/CINSERE) conducted intensive trainings on climate change and the role of CIS. During a parliamentary exchange, organized with support from the UNDP Parliament Support Project (PSP), parliamentarians in Nepal pledged to help improve the national system for accessing global funds available for communities vulnerable to climate change.
          Ficción y facticidad en Nocturno de Chile de Roberto Bolaño        
 Autora: Dra. Maguette Dieng. Fiction and Facticity in Roberto Bolaño’s Nocturno de Chile. Dra. Maguette Dieng[1] Filiación: Universidad Cheikh Anta DIOP, Dakar, Senegal. Email: maguette3.dieng@ucad.edu.sn  ...
          Mistiniai Senegambijos akmenų ratai        
Dvi paslaptingos Afrikos valstybės Senegalas ir Gambija turi ir tokių mistinių vietų, kurių užmintas mįsles jau ne vieną šimtmetį bando išnarplioti tiek vietiniai gyventojai, tiek čia atvykstantys keliautojai. Viena iš tokių vietelių - Senegambijos akmenų ratų archeologinė buveinė, prieš gerą dešimtmetį vėl atkreipusi į save susidomėjusius viso pasaulio smalsuolių žvilgsnius.
          23.- Saliendo de Puerto Príncipe, de vuelta en Buenos Aires        
Llegué al aeropuerto con 3 horas de antelación, para calmar los nervios.
Además, uno nunca sabe hasta dónde puede el tráfico complicar la vida a cualquiera. Las rutas son únicas, sin alternativas, finitas, en mal estado y la lógica y tozudez haitianas son especiales para crear “Blokis” (bloqueo en créole).
Al llegar a la entrada, tengo 2 valijas enormes para despachar y una valija pequeña para llevar en la cabina más la mochila. No hay carritos para llevar el equipaje hasta el mostrador de embarque, pero como voy con los amigos, sobran las manos y las valijas tienen rueditas, Pero a la entrada nos paran en seco, nos piden el pasaporte del que viaja, o sea el mío. Se lo muestro y el resto no puede pasar. De nuevo preguntamos, “¿podemos pasar?” “no” “¿podemos pasar?” “no” “¿podemos pasar?” “bueno, pase”. Así que me acompañan hasta despachar las valijas. Yo hice el check-in por internet, pero no hay fila especial. Al menos tengo el pase de abordar impreso, ganaré algo de tiempo. De todos modos cuando llego al mostrador me lo imprimen (y veo una leyenda, en ese pase que me dieron, que dice “ahorre tiempo: haga el check-in desde su casa e imprima el pase de abordar”. Está bien, qué voy a decir. Me pesan las valijas y aparentemente tengo un kilo de más. Me asesoran los amigos y me dicen que les pida la valija para sacar peso. Me dan la pequeña, pero les pido la grande (lo autorizado es una de 9 kilos y otra de 23) y al ver el tamaño del monstruo, se desaniman y me dicen “debería cobrarle este kilo de más, pero la vamos a dejar pasar”, Muy bien. Me despido de los amigos y paso a la sala de embarque. Me hacen descalzar y pasar por el arco y no suena ni un pitidito. No obstante, una mujer policía me indica que abra los brazos en cruz y procede a cachearme. Es un cacheo tan a fondo que tengo que mirarle la cara para asegurarme que no lo está disfrutando; manos por el pecho demasiado detenidas, la panza, la cola entre las piernas… ¡a la vista de todo el que quiera ver! Qué sensación fea. Me vuelvo a poner las zapatillas y observo si con todos los pasajeros es lo mismo. Y sí, varones y mujeres son sometidos al manoseo demasiado minucioso. Sigo observando. Ahora es el turno de una mujer muy grande, con unos senos del tamaño de una sandía acorde a todo su cuerpo. Pues, se los levantan y le palpan la sombra de las sandías. Y el siguiente, y el siguiente pasajero o pasajera. Observo que viene es el turno de una monja blanca. ¡Que nadie se interponga en el campo de visión que esto no me lo quiero perder! La policía la cachea… como me cacheó a mí. La cara de la monja valió todas las demás caras. Bueno, no sé por qué, pero es así.
De todas las personas que están en la sala esperando, hay dos que no quiero que se me sienten al lado durante el vuelo: la monja y un MINUSTAH de Brasil.
Pero lo que es el karma… me toca al lado del MINUSTAH. Y ya sentados nos dan a llenar una ficha de salud para cuando lleguemos a Panamá en la que preguntan si tenemos o tuvimos diarreas en las últimas 24 horas o si tuvimos contacto con enfermos de cólera. Tengo ganas de pelear al vecino de asiento y preguntarle si tenía información respecto de los nepaleses que introdujeron el cólera y si les hicieron la pregunta antes de entrar, y si –en tal caso- mintieron en la respuesta. Y me empiezo a dar cuerda y espero que me pida la lapicera para decirle que no le presto nada porque es de MINUSTAH. Pero el muy cagón no me pide nada. Entonces se pone a leer y quiero ver qué lee y veo que es un libro religioso, pesco palabras al azar, títulos “virgen María, pecadores, infieles, pecado, virgen, dios” Y se señalador tienen la pulsera de la entrada a la playa más top de Haití. Ay señor… qué karma.
El viaje es corto entre Puerto Príncipe y Panamá y con casi certeza sé que en el vuelo siguiente, el largo de 7 horas hasta Buenos Aires, no tendré al indeseable al lado.
En el aeropuerto de Panamá tengo una hora y media para ver si le puedo comprar algo que me encargó mi hijo, aprovecho para perfumarme gratis, busco 2 botellas de ron y alguna pavada más, y por todo eso, casi pierdo la conexión. Pero lo logro y llego a Buenos Aires.
Me encuentro con Éric, nos abrazamos tanto, nos besamos muchísimo (no lo bastante) y emprendemos el regreso a casa.
Son solo 3 meses los que estuve ausente, y todo me parece tan familiar, como un recuerdo perdido en los laberintos de la mente. Pero así miro las cosas.
Me sorprendo de caminar por veredas, de ver colectivos, de no escuchar los generadores y en su lugar los ruidos de motores sin escape (¡qué fastidio!) y muy pocas personas me piden dinero. Ahora son menos, muchos menos, los negros en la calle, algunos los veo vendiendo bijouterie sobre un paraguas rojos. Sé que la mayoría son de Senegal, pero pienso en Haití. Eso, en lugar de los pintores de las calles de Pétion-Ville que exponen sus cuadros en las paredes públicas, a lo largo de 200 metros, más o menos.
Me alegro de tomar agua de la canilla, me pone de buen humor el zorzal al amanecer en vez del gallo de las 4 de la mañana. Ya no veo cabras por las calles, miro de nuevo los paseadores de perros que de todos modos ejercen en mí una fascinación incrédula (¿Cómo es que no se les pelean los perros?)
Cuando llego a casa a revisar los mails, no temo a no tener internet y dicho sea de paso, no extraño ver a mis queridos por la camarita. Sudo sin pensar o dudar de que haya agua para bañarme: transpiro en libertad.
Me quedo embelesada mirando los semáforos, como hace muchos años, cuando era una nena de pueblo que iba a visitar a los primos a Rosario, una gran ciudad, y entonces me detenía en las esquinas a mirar esas luces roja, amarilla, verde, otra vez amarilla, roja, etc. y la consecuente vergüenza de mi prima a mi lado. Increíble el automatismo que ordenaba el tránsito.
Las primeras llamadas de teléfono tiendo a contestar con un “Allô?” pero se me pasa rápido. Ya no hay gente que lleve todo en la cabeza, no venden bananas fritas y no compro más la fruta rica de las señoras en la calle. Lo mejor es que no veo un solo vehículo militar (ni de ningún tipo) de la “UN”.
Casi que descubro el alumbrado público en la noche en lugar de la oscuridad de Haití de la ciudad y de la selva. La noche haitiana y citadina a veces solamente cortada por un resplandor a lo lejos que a medida que me acercaba se le sumaba un olor agrio de la quema de basura y al llegar al lado, un resplandor anaranjado de las llamas iluminaba algunos metros y de nuevo la tiniebla de la falta de electricidad.
Encontré a mi hijo muy grande (¿cómo se  puede crecer tanto en 3 meses?) y satisfecho de haber terminado el año de facultad con éxito. Mi hija y mi nieta siguen siendo tan divinas como antes y mis viejos, los de siempre.
¿Y yo? ¿Soy la de antes?


          Heading West in Med        
We left Marina di Ragusa in Sicily later than most cruisers due to solving a corrupted fuel issue. We'd filled with some dreadful "biodiesel" in Turkey and ended up with "fuel snot" that clogged the filters. While the biocide was eating the bad stuff in the fuel tank we took 5 weeks and traveled around Great Britain during the rainest April on record. Still had a great time going counterclockwise from London up to Scotland and to Wales and Dartmoor and back. We spent 7 days in London. It was one of our very best trips and we plan to return as soon as we have saved enough money. It doesn't come cheap.

So in June, after fixing up CYAN to cruise, we took off from Sicily saying goodbye with a tear to the grand time we had in Italy. We thought we would spend some time in Sardinia but we hate marinas and the anchorages are dreadful. They are open and rolly and I get cranky with bad sleep. So we took off for the Balearics hearing that the anchorages are better. When getting a Vodaphone usb key for net connection our credit card was compromised by the dealer [we hadn't used it anywhere else and within minutes over $1000 was charged] and we had to have some new ones sent to Spain, held for our arrival. It was caught immediately by our faithful account rep, Helene, at Merrill Lynch...bless her.
                               It's often Clothing optional for the Captain!

The Balearic Islands; Minorca, Mallorca and Ibiza, did have better anchorages but most were just filled with discos blaring until 5am, jetskiers, water skiers, and super yachts moving around way too fast. this makes it more rolly than the sea! We are not big fans of cruising in the Med even though we have enjoyed seeing the European locations with their history and art but at great expense....more than the USA now.

                                                Water is crystal clear

We are in the south of Spain at present, waiting for a few miscellaneous parts and doing a great clean up. Here in Almerimar, they have blocks and blocks built huge condos that are unoccupied or unfinished and already going dirty and getting rundown with graffiti and fruit flies that are astounding. Remember the big Med Fly trauma years ago? Now we know why they worked so hard to keep them out. You have to cover your mouth to talk! In a few days we head to Gibraltar for a while and get to travel around Spain for a few weeks.
                               Impressive rock cliff anchorage in Mallorca

In about September we hope to be heading to Morocco and perhaps on to Senegal in Africa. Then it's the Canaries, Cape Verde Islands in the Atlantic and in December we head home to Florida.

Compared to our other locations and adventures our latest travels have been pretty routine so excuse our lack of enthusiasm. We do hear good things about Africa and we usually find third world countries to be more interesting and welcoming.
          Tobacco Companies target Africa        
Tobacco Companies target Africa
Public Agenda
Friday, June 12, 2009.
By Basiru Adam

Following increased pressure from Europeans countries, Tobacco companies are said to have found Africa a safe haven where control measures are loose in many countries. Countries like Nigeria and Senegal are hosting large manufacturing plants from where the whole sub-region is served the harmful drug. Organizations in the fight against tobacco use are thus worried that if African governments do not act on the matter, the consequences could be dire for the continent. Particularly worrying is the allure tobacco holds for the youthful population. The truth of the matter is that governments make loads of money from the tobacco industry. It is as such difficulty to convince any such government to sever ties with the industry. But a counter argument from anti-tobacco activists is that the complicated health conditions that result from tobacco use and the attendant medical expenses cost a nation much more money. Finding that calling for a total ban on tobacco manufacture would be an uphill task; activists say control measures need to be strengthened. A global demand on manufacturers is the need for picture warnings on the product to help smokers who cannot read to know the dangers involved. Incidentally, this year’s World No Tobacco Day was celebrated on the theme “Tobacco Health Warnings.”

“The general consensus globally is for the use of warnings which are the fusion of texts and pictures. Research has shown that tobacco health warnings which incorporate pictures are more effective in conveying the message of the harm wreaked by tobacco,” says the CEO of the Ghana’s Food and Drugs Board (FDB), Dr. Stephen Opuni. According to Ms. Sophia Twum-Barima of the WHO office in Ghana, “It is the smoker’s right to know what he is smoking.” She laments that “currently, the warning is so small that you cannot even see it. It is not explicit enough. We want a definite warnings; one that says tobacco kills.”

Indeed, Dr. Stephen Opuni says Tobacco companies have been given August 1st 2009 as a deadline to discontinue the importation of cigarette packs without the approved health warnings. By a similar token, the companies have been given the December 31 as deadline to mop up old cigar packs already on the market without the health warnings. African governments are also being encouraged to charge higher taxes on the product so that it would be sold at a much higher price to the consumer as a way of discouraging its use. Ms. Sophia Twum-Barima says that “currently, tobacco is so cheap that even children can buy it.”The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) which was negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organization is the fulcrum around which the global fight against tobacco use is being waged and 164 countries including Ghana was among the first forty countries which supported the entry into force of the FCTC. As African governments are also being encouraged to charge higher taxes on the product so that it would be sold at a much higher price to the consumer as a way of discouraging its use. Ms. Sophia Twum-Barima says that “currently, tobacco is so cheap that even children can buy it.”The Framework Convention on Tobacco Control [FCTC] which was negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organization is the fulcrum around which the global fight against tobacco use is being waged and 164 countries including Ghana was among the first forty countries which supported the entry into force of the FCTC. As an objective, the convention seeks to “protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption.”Article 4 of the convention demands that “every person should informed of the health consequences, addictive nature, and mortal threat posed by tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke, and effective legislative, executive, administration or other measures should be contemplated at the appropriate governmental level to protect all persons from exposure to tobacco smoke.” Ghana responded by putting together a committee in 2002 to draft a Tobacco Control Bill. The passage of the bill is what has remained an issue over the last couple of years in the country. Civil society organizations have been particularly up and doing calling on government to ensure speedy passage of a strong law to regulate the industry, vis-a-vise the country. Civil society particularly is keen on seeing a ban on smoking on public.

Vision for Alternative Development [VALD] is on such NGO which has been working over the years in ensuring good health for both smokers and affected non smokers. VALD held a national stakeholders meeting on tobacco Control Bill this week aimed at scrutinizing the bill and making inputs where necessary. With the help of Mrs. Pearl Akiwumi-Siriboe, a Pincipal State Attorney, several aspects of the bill were scrutinized and recommendations where necessary were made. In the end, a communiqué was adopted, which called on government to as matter of urgency ensure the passage of a strong law in the country. According to the Executive Director of VALD Issah Ali, “Ghana is considered a role model in Africa and a leader in tobacco control and good governance. Good governance ensures that the vulnerable such as children, youth, pregnant women and consumers are fully respected of their social background.” He believes therefore that Ghana should do all it can to maintain its enviable position on the continent.
          Tobacco Kill, ban it        
Tobacco Kill, ban it
Public Agenda
Monday, June 1st, 2009
By Basiru Adam

Vision for Alternative Development [VALD], and NGO, convinced that Tobacco has done more harm than good to both smokers and non-smokers, has demanded that government takes a number of measures, including increase tax on tobacco, to make Ghana an unpleasant market for tobacco trade. The NGO believes that government would be saving more money as against the returns it makes from tobacco companies if it protected its citizens from exposing themselves to the harmful effects tobacco. “Our health facilities are already overstretched. How many specialized units do we have at Korle-Bu? How is government going to come up with money to take care of diseases that result from tobacco smoking?” asks Issah Ali, Executive Director of VALD. VALD is thus asking for a hundred percent ban on Tobacco smoking in public places even as it calls for the passage of Tobacco Control Bill that has been pending since 2005 into law.

Issah Ali refuted the notion that smokers could be allotted designated places where they could smoke. In his view, there is no guarantee whatever that the smoke, the movement of which cannot be controlled, would not ultimately reach non-smokers. “As there is no safe level of exposure to tobacco smoke, we are recommending a 100% ban on smoking in public places. Kenya, Zambia and other countries have banned smoking. Public smoking in Abuja is illegal. Designating areas for smokers does not protect non-smokers.” In the Western World, governments have and continue to tighten control measures so that Tobacco companies are finding it increasingly less conducive to do business in those countries. Naturally therefore, such companies would be looking for jurisdictions that have loose regulations to stay and expand their frontiers. And Issah Ali believes that the Tobacco companies are finding Africa a safe haven in that regard. For example, he argued, some of the companies are putting up production plants in Senegal and elsewhere in Africa to serve as a strong manufacturing base in the supply of the drug.

Meanwhile, there is in place, in the international arena, a Framework Convention on Tobacco Control [FCTC] which was negotiated under the auspices of the World Health Organization and unanimously approved by member states of the World Health Assembly. Ghana, as usual, is one of the 164 countries that are party to the convention. “Ghana is among the first forty countries which supported the entry into force of the FCTC.” The objective of the convention is to “protect present and future generations from the devastating health, social, environmental and economic consequences of tobacco consumption.” It is on the back of the afore-mentioned that VALD is urging the government of Ghana to expedite action on the passage into law of the Tobacco Control Bill to give effective provisions of the framework convention. Article 4 of the convention demands of Ghana that “every person should be informed of the health consequences, addictive nature, and mortal threat posed by tobacco consumption and exposure to tobacco smoke and effective legislative, executive, administrative or other measures should be contemplated at the appropriate governmental level to protect all persons from exposure to tobacco smoke.” To strengthen implementation of the law if passed, VALD proposes that government establishes a Tobacco Control Council, comprising relevant agencies and civil society groups to advice the health minister and other relevant agencies in the enforcement of the Tobacco Control Act.

Another worrying phenomenon that VALD wants government to be wary of is the attempt by tobacco companies to maneuver their way into the good books of legislator as it alleged to have happened in Kenya. Before Kenyan parliamentarians debated the bill on tobacco control, a tobacco company is alleged to have carter some of them away into a hotel where they were to believed to have been bribed so that “upon their retune from the sponsored holiday, interesting proposals were made towards weakening the bill.” “We are not saying it is happening in Ghana. But we know the possibility is there,” says Issah Ali. Issah Ali thus urged government and the Association of Ghana Industries to stop dealing with tobacco companies. “The health effects of tobacco are circumstances, mechanisms and factors of tobacco consumption on human health. Epidemiological research has been focused primarily on tobacco smoking, which has been studied more extensively than any other form of consumption. As of 2000, smoking is practice by some 1.22 billion people, of which men are likely to smoke than women, however the gender gap decline with age, poor more likely than rich, and people of developing countries more than those of developed countries. Fresh tobacco processed tobacco, and tobacco smoke contain carcinogens. Polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, Acrolein, and Nitrosamines are created during pyrolysis. These compounds are DNA adducts which induces mutation during DNA copying.

Tobacco use leads most commonly to diseases affecting the heart and lungs, with smoking being a major risk factor for heart attacks, strokes, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [COPD], emphysema, and cancer. As of 2000, smoking is practiced by 1.22 billion people. Assuming no change in prevalence it is predicted that 1.45 billion people will smoke in 2010 and 1.5 to 1.9 billion in 2025. Assuming that prevalence will decrease at 1% a year and that there will be a modest increase of income of 2%, it is predicted the number of smokers will stand at 1.3 billion 2010 and 2025. Smoking is generally five times higher among men than women; however the gender gap has begins to decline with younger age.

As of 2002 in China 67% of men smoke as to 4% of women, however among teens the gap closes to 33% among men as to 8% with women. In developed countries smoking rates for men have peaked and have begun to decline, however for women they continue to climb. As of 2002, about twenty percent of young teens [13 – 15] smoke worldwide. From which 80,000 to 10,000 children begin to smoking every day, of which roughly half of which live in Asia. Half of those who begin smoking in adolescent years go on to smoke for 15 to 20 years. Much of the disease burden and premature mortality attributable to tobacco use disproportionately affect the poor.” Of the 1.22 billion smokers, 1 billion of them live in developing or transitional economies. Rates of smoking have leveled off or declined in the developed world, from which the United States have dropped by half from 1965 to 2006 falling from 42% to 20.8% in adult.
However, up to 30% of men are former smokers in developing countries, only 2% of men in China have quit, and 10% in Vietnam. In the developing world, however, tobacco consumption is rising by 3.4% per year as of 2002. The WHO in 2004 projected 58.8 million deaths to occur globally, from which 5.4 million are tobacco-attributed, and 4.9 million as of 2007. As of 2002, 70% of the deaths are developing countries “. Wikipidia.com
          African Players with 10+ Goals in European Leagues - 2013/2014        
African players that scored 10 or more goals in top division European leagues in the 2013/2014 season.

Algeria
16 - El Arbi Hillel Soudani (Dinamo Zagreb: Croatia)

Angola
13 - Igor Vetokele (København: Denmark)

Cameroon
16 - Vincent Aboubakar (Lorient: France)
13 - Leandre Tawamba Kana (MFK Ružomberok: Slovakia)
11 - Mbilla Etame (Khazar Lankaran FK: Azerbaijan)
11 - Leonard Kweuke (Rizespor: Turkey)
10 - Maxim Choupo-Moting (Mainz: Germany)

Cape Verde Islands
11 - Garry Rodrigues (Levski Sofia: Bulgaria)
10 - Héldon (Sporting CP: Portugal)

Central African Republic
13 - Mouhamadou Habibou (KAA Gent: Belgium)

Comoros
15 - El Fardou Ben Nabouhane (Veria: Greece)

Congo
14 - Francis Litsingi (FK Teplice: Czech Republic)
10 - Prince Oniangué (Reims: France)

Côte d'Ivoire
20 - Yaya Touré (Manchester City: England)
18 - Seydou Doumbia (CSKA Moscow: Russia)
17 - Wilfried Bony (Swansea City: England)
16 - Salomon Kalou (Lille: France)
15 - Serge Deblé (FC Shirak: Armenia)
12 - Yannick Boli (Zorya Luhansk: Ukraine)
10 - Didier Drogba (Galatasaray: Turkey)

DR Congo
13 - Dieumerci Mbokani (Dynamo Kyiv: Ukraine)

Gabon
13 - Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Borussia Dortmund: Germany)

Gambia
11 - Demba Savage (HJK: Finland)

Ghana
10 - David Accam (Helsingborg: Sweden)

Madagascar
10 - Anicet Andrianantenaina (FK Botev Plovdiv: Bulgaria)

Mali
12 - Cheick Diabaté (Bordeaux: France)
11 - Mustapha Yatabaré (Guingamp: France)

Morocco
17 - Aatif Chahechouhe (Sivasspor: Turkey)
15 - Abderrazak Hamdallah (Aalesund: Norway)
13 - Omar Er Rafik (Differdange: Luxembourg)
12 - Youssef El-Arabi (Granada: Morocco)

Nigeria
15 - Stanley Ohawuchi (Sliema: Malta)
14 - Ikechukwu Uche (Villarreal: Spain)
14 - Kennedy Igboananike (AIK: Sweden)
13 - Marco Tagbajumi (Ermis FC: Cyprus)
12 - Emmanuel Emenike (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
11 - Alfred Effiong (Qormi: Malta)
11 - Obinna Obiefule (Hibernians: Malta)
11 - Abiola Dauda (Crvena Zvezda: Serbia)
10 - Imoh Ezekiel (Standard Liege: Belgium)
10 - Sylvester Igboun (Midtjylland: Denmark)
10 - Adeshina Lawal (B36 Tórshavn: Faroe Islands)
10 - Shola Shodiya (Birkirkara: Malta)
10 - Leke James (Aalesund: Norway)

Senegal
15 - Moussa Sow (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
13 - Sadio Mané (FC Red Bull Salzburg: Austria)
13 - Dame N'Doye (Lokomotiv Moscow: Russia)
12 - Baye Omar Niasse (Akhisar Belediyespor: Turkey)
10 - Ibrahim Sidibé (Debrecen: Hungary)
10 - Malek Mane (Sogndal: Norway)
10 - Lamine Diarra (Antalyaspor: Turkey)

Togo
11 - Emmanuel Adebayor (Tottenham Hotspur: England)

Tunisia
17 - Hamdi Harbaoui (KSC Lokeren: Belgium)


Stats from European 'Summer' leagues in Scandinavia and elsewhere are from the completed 2013 season.

          2014 World Cup: Foreign Born Players        
Players in the final 2014 World Cup squads that were born outside of the country they are representing.


GROUP A

Brazil
NONE

Cameroon
Charles Itandje (France)
Benoît Assou-Ekotto (France)
Allan Nyom (France)
Joël Matip (Germany)
Maxim Choupo-Moting (Germany)

Croatia
Dejan Lovren (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Vedran Ćorluka (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Nikica Jelavić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Ivan Rakitić (Switzerland)
Mateo Kovačić (Austria)
Sammir (Brazil)
Eduardo (Brazil)

Mexico
Miguel Ángel Ponce (USA)
Isaác Brizuela (USA)



GROUP B

Australia
Dario Vidošić (Croatia)

Chile
Miiko Albornoz (Sweden)
Jorge Valdívia (Venezuela)

Netherlands
Bruno Martins Indi (Portugal)
Jonathan de Guzmán (Canada)

Spain
Diego Costa (Brazil)



GROUP C

Colombia
NONE

Cote d'Ivoire
Sol Bamba (France)
Jean-Daniel Akpa-Akpro (France)
Giovanni Sio (France)
Mathis Bolly (Norway)

Greece
Loukas Vyntra (Czech Republic)
José Holebas (Germany)
Panagiotis Kone (Albania)

Japan
Gōtoku Sakai (USA)


GROUP D

Costa Rica
Óscar Duarte (Nicaragua)

England
Raheem Sterling (Jamaica)

Italy
Gabriel Paletta (Argentina)
Thiago Motta (Brazil)

Uruguay
Fernando Muslera (Argentina)


GROUP E

Ecuador
NONE

France
Patrice Evra (Senegal)
Rio Mavuba (Born at Sea; link)

Honduras
NONE

Switzerland
Valon Behrami (Kosovo)
Xherdan Shaqiri (Kosovo)
Blerim Džemaili (Macedonia)
Admir Mehmedi (Macedonia)
Gelson Fernandes (Cape Verde)
Johan Djourou (Cote d'Ivoire)


GROUP F

Argentina
Gonzalo Higuaín (France)

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Emir Spahić (Croatia)
Mensur Mujdža (Croatia)
Sead Kolašinac (Germany)
Zvjezdan Misimović (Germany)
Muhamed Bešić (Germany)
Izet Hajrović (Switzerland)

Iran
Daniel Davari (Germany)
Steven Beitashour (USA)

Nigeria
Peter Odemwingie (Uzbekistan)



GROUP G

Germany
Miroslav Klose (Poland)
Lukas Podolski (Poland)

Ghana
Adam Kwarasey (Norway)
Kevin-Prince Boateng (Germany)
André Ayew (France)
Jordan Ayew (France)
Albert Adomah (England)

Portugal
Pepe (Brazil)
Nani (Cape Verde)
William Carvalho (Angola)
Éder (Guinea-Bissau)

United States
Fabian Johnson (Germany)
Timothy Chandler (Germany)
John Brooks (Germany)
Jermaine Jones (Germany)
Mix Diskerud (Norway)



GROUP H

Algeria
Raïs M'Bolhi (France)
Cédric Si Mohamed (France)
Carl Medjani (France)
Liassine Cadamuro-Bentaïba (France)
Faouzi Ghoulam (France)
Aïssa Mandi (France)
Medhi Lacen (France)
Hassan Yebda (France)
Mehdi Mostefa (France)
Sofiane Feghouli (France)
Saphir Taïder (France)
Yacine Brahimi (France)
Nabil Bentaleb (France)
Riyad Mahrez (France)
Nabil Ghilas (France)

Belgium
Anthony Vanden Borre (DR Congo)

Russia
NONE

South Korea
NONE

          All-Time African World Cup Wins        
All-time World Cup wins by African nations.

ASIA
Cameroon - Saudi Arabia (1:0, 2002)
Cote d'Ivoire - North Korea (3:0, 2010)

CONCACAF
Ghana - USA (2:1, 2006)
Ghana - USA (2:1, 2010)
Tunisia - Mexico (3:1, 1978)

EUROPE
Algeria - Germany (2:1, 1982)
Cameroon - Romania (2:1, 1990)
Cote d'Ivoire - Serbia & Montenegro (3:2, 2006)
Ghana - Czech Republic (2:0, 2006)
Ghana - Serbia (1:0, 2010)
Morocco - Portugal (3:1, 1986)
Morocco - Scotland (3:0, 1998)
Nigeria - Bulgaria (3:0, 1994)
Nigeria - Bulgaria (1:0, 1998)
Nigeria - Greece (2:0, 1994)
Nigeria - Spain (3:2, 1998)
Senegal - France (1:0, 2002)
Senegal - Sweden (2:1, 2002)
South Africa - France (2:1, 2010)
South Africa - Slovenia (1:0, 2002)

SOUTH AMERICA
Algeria - Chile (3:2, 1982)
Cameroon - Argentina (1:0, 1990)
Cameroon - Colombia (2:1, 1990)



          2014 World Cup: Foreign-Born Players        
Players in the provisional 2014 World Cup squads that were born outside of the country they are representing.


GROUP A

Brazil
NONE

Cameroon
Charles Itandje (France)
Benoît Assou-Ekotto (France)
Allan Nyom (France)
Jean-Armel Kana-Biyik (France)
Raoul Loé (France)
Joël Matip (Germany)
Maxim Choupo-Moting (Germany)

Croatia
Dejan Lovren (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Vedran Ćorluka (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Nikica Jelavić (Bosnia-Herzegovina)
Ivan Rakitić (Switzerland)
Mateo Kovačić (Austria)
Sammir (Brazil)
Eduardo (Brazil)
Mario Pašalić (Germany)

Mexico
Miguel Ángel Ponce (USA)
Isaác Brizuela (USA)



GROUP B

Australia
Dario Vidošić (Croatia)

Chile
Marcos González (Brazil)
Miiko Albornoz (Sweden)
Jorge Valdívia (Venezuela)
Pablo Hernández (Argentina)

Netherlands
Bruno Martins Indi (Portugal)
Jonathan de Guzmán (Canada)

Spain
Diego Costa (Brazil)



GROUP C

Colombia
NONE

Cote d'Ivoire
Sol Bamba (France)
Jean-Daniel Akpa-Akpro (France)
Giovanni Sio (France)
Mathis Bolly (Norway)

Greece
Loukas Vyntra (Czech Republic)
José Holebas (Germany)
Panagiotis Kone (Albania)

Japan
Gōtoku Sakai (USA)


GROUP D

Costa Rica
Óscar Duarte (Nicaragua)

England
Raheem Sterling (Jamaica)

Italy
Gabriel Paletta (Argentina)
Thiago Motta (Brazil)
Rômulo (Brazil)
Giuseppe Rossi (USA)

Uruguay
Fernando Muslera (Argentina)


GROUP E

Ecuador
NONE

France
Patrice Evra (Senegal)
Rio Mavuba (Born at Sea; link)

Honduras
NONE

Switzerland
Valon Behrami (Kosovo)
Xherdan Shaqiri (Kosovo)
Blerim Džemaili (Macedonia)
Admir Mehmedi (Macedonia)
Gelson Fernandes (Cape Verde)
Johan Djourou (Cote d'Ivoire)


GROUP F

Argentina
Gonzalo Higuaín (France)

Bosnia and Herzegovina
Emir Spahić (Croatia)
Mensur Mujdža (Croatia)
Sead Kolašinac (Germany)
Zvjezdan Misimović (Germany)
Muhamed Bešić (Germany)
Izet Hajrović (Switzerland)

Iran
Daniel Davari (Germany)
Steven Beitashour (USA)

Nigeria
Peter Odemwingie (Uzbekistan)


GROUP G

Germany
Miroslav Klose (Poland)
Lukas Podolski (Poland)

Ghana
Adam Kwarasey (Norway)
Jeff Schlupp (Germany)
Kevin-Prince Boateng (Germany)
André Ayew (France)
Jordan Ayew (France)
Albert Adomah (England)

Portugal
Pepe (Brazil)
Nani (Cape Verde)
William Carvalho (Angola)
Éder (Guinea-Bissau)

United States
Fabian Johnson (Germany)
Timothy Chandler (Germany)
John Brooks (Germany)
Jermaine Jones (Germany)
Terrence Boyd (Germany)
Mix Diskerud (Norway)


GROUP H

Algeria
Raïs M'Bolhi (France)
Cédric Si Mohamed (France)
Carl Medjani (France)
Liassine Cadamuro-Bentaïba (France)
Faouzi Ghoulam (France)
Aïssa Mandi (France)
Medhi Lacen (France)
Adlène Guedioura (France)
Hassan Yebda (France)
Foued Kadir (France)
Mehdi Mostefa (France)
Sofiane Feghouli (France)
Ryad Boudebouz (France)
Saphir Taïder (France)
Yacine Brahimi (France)
Nabil Bentaleb (France)
Amir Karaoui (France)
Riyad Mahrez (France)
Rafik Djebbour (France)
Nabil Ghilas (France)

Belgium
Anthony Vanden Borre (DR Congo)

Russia
NONE

South Korea
NONE

          Michael J. Miles (USA) back in Ireland to celebrate Pete Seeger, Nov. 2017!        
The latest e-newsletter from Michael J. Miles (USA) - the man who showed that Bach could be beautifully played on the clawhammer banjo - includes the good news that he will be returning to Ireland in November to perform his 'From Senegal to Seeger' showcase for banjo music. Michael writes:

As we approach the 100th anniversary of Pete Seeger’s birth [1919], the words and passions that Pete brought to the world ring ever more loudly. His weapon of choice of course was his heart, his voice, and the banjo.

Confirmed dates in Ireland so far are:

Sat. 4th Nov.: Clarinbridge, Co. Galway
Mon. 6th: Village Arts Centre, Kilworth, Co. Cork
Tues. 7th: Athy, Co. Kildare

Other dates are TBD. Michael will then travel to Barcelona for the 16th Al Ras Bluegrass & Old-Time Music Festival (9-11 Nov. 2017). More news of his multifarious activities, including facilities for online buying of CDs and books, and a video of Michael and Darol Anger (fiddle) playing 'Midnight rider', are on his e-newsletter.
          Sobre Manual de esgrima para elefantes        

El escritor paraguayo Mario Castells (residente en Argentina) ha leído mi libro de cuentos y publicó el fruto de sus reflexiones sobre el texto:

La literatura paraguaya tiene un problema esencial, sabemos, que es la diglosia; pero otro es que no se sostiene en sus propios fundamentos, en su propia palabra, en un sistema crítico propio. De allí que vengan muchos pajarones a plantearle criterios de modernidad ajenos (centrales, hegemónicos) y boludeces por el estilo. Manual de esgrima para elefantes, libro de Javier Viveros, es un libro fundamental de esta literatura y creo que no ha tenido el empuje crítico que se merece, pero bien, pocos textos en Paraguay lo han tenido. Y digo que lo es porque, ante todo, ha podido sortear barreras ideológicas que son viejas taras de la literatura del Paraguay. No ha necesitado del lugar común del cronotopo paragua, no ha necesitado del guaraní o de ese substrato folclórico aberrante (folclórico aunque sea campesina o urbana su trama), no ha necesitado vomitar en portuñol ni andar cachaqueando para ser universal y enteramente paraguayo. ¡Logro excepcional de Javier!

Lo que más me ha ganado de este libro ha sido quizás su trampa, su método. Manual de esgrima nace de la convivencia del autor con la cultura africana. Vale decir, Viveros ha construido su camino a la modernidad tardía yendo desde una periferia, o más bien de un hinterland, como es el Paraguay, a otro hinterland acosado de la misma manera por las sinuosas redes de la globalización. Ha seguido un camino transversal, complicado desde ya; ha preferido lidiar con su época y su mundo lejos de los hologramas del capitalismo feliz, enfocando su perspectiva allí donde se tensa la red de la economía mundo, donde el éxito capitalista supura cadáveres y las viejas tradiciones se niegan a morir, apelando inclusive a la muerte en vida del dejà vu(dú). Desplazándose desde Senegal y Ghana hasta Tanzania, pasando por el Congo y Ruanda. Quizás para muchos el sumun de este libro puede ser su exotismo, pero siento que si dejamos correr la extrañeza de esos sonidos desconocidos, de los fonemas en lengua suajili, las referencias a las tribus y a los animales exóticos, encontraremos que los parecidos entre nuestras sociedades tercermundistas, son más precisos que los que podemos tener con sociedades menos desconocidas y más asimiladas a la idea occidental de lo globalizado, como las orientales. Si como probó Flannery O’Connor, “en la buena ficción, ciertos detalles de la historia tienden a concentrar significados; (pues) se vuelven simbólicos por la misma función que desempeñan”, creo que los símbolos de este libro son los puentes que conectan nuestros universos. Crujen pero todavía sirven.

Desde ese partido de tenis con el nieto de Mobutu, alentado por Evetta, la negra cheta de culo imponente, siempre sonriente, hasta el doble funeral de Kweku Mensah que no tan al extremo me remitió a los festejos del mita’i re’onguépe ñeñotyra que vi en mi infancia en la campaña ñeembuqueña, o la presencia permanente de la magia negra, algo que en Paraguay es bastante fuerte también aunque tengamos el tino de taparla un poco con rituales del catolicismo popular y su santería herética; el comparatismo entre África y América Latina es, como señalé, algo plausible. Así como efectivo es el uso de la ideología en el tono narrativo de los personajes narradores. Desde el cancherismo idiota del kurepi de “La lista”, el tono desaforadamente putero del paraguayo en “Putas rusas”, en “Primera semana”, en “Passing shot” mismo, la culposidad pequeñoburguesa del jerárquico en relación con los africanos, el desparpajo del que tiene el ego como un tuétano recubierto de una caparazón hecha de billetera gorda y moral judeocristiana.

Tan bueno es el libro de Javier que “Primera semana”, texto que me podría haber cerrado al prejuicio siempre corroborado de que eso de combinar distintos procedimientos de la escritura en redes sociales, twitter, e-mails o el chat, para describir las experiencias personales del narrador posmoderno, es vakarekaka montón al gusto de la gilada, me abrió al contrario a la sorpresa de un despliegue de denuncia del racismo cultural de occidente. Homo sum, humani nihil… Hecho que se destapa como una gran fosa común en “Ruándicas”, texto que adopta una vigorosa segunda persona y la técnica del flash, del fragmento, para desdoblar el pensamiento del personaje y su remordimiento por el exterminio del pueblo tutsi, reconocido mundialmente como el genocidio del machete.

Para que con la lectura no seamos embaucados, el ejercicio de la crítica —que implica, en el peor de los casos, un doble embaucamiento– debe curar sus intenciones. Mis intenciones no se salen del korapy de la literatura. “La realidad delira” y querer aprenderla o encerrarla en una verdad consagrada es una de las peores mierdas que se les ocurrió a los stalinistas y que nos ha salpicado a todos los intelectuales de izquierda. Empero, el breve resplandor denuncialista del Manual… engrosa así mismo la dimensión total del libro de Javier. Es otra arista del objeto, otra trama de su arte narrativo.

          Magia y hechizos en "Manual de Esgrima para Elefantes"        
La edición de Última Hora de hoy trae -en el Correo Semanal- un análisis que Maribel Barreto que hizo de "Manual de esgrima para elefantes", mi libro de cuentos localizados en África.



Los libros sobre lugares exóticos siempre son interesantes y de eso se trata esta obra de Javier Viveros, quien con este libro logra construir cuentos que escaparon de la lógica para ser una representación simbólica de las costumbres de tribus y pueblos africanos y sus habitantes, que bien pueden transmutarse en el marco del horror. El cuento fantástico se constituyó en una de las vertientes más ricas de la narrativa moderna y los cuentos de Viveros caben dentro de esta especie literaria, porque recogen lo desacostumbrado para la cultura occidental, ya que sus montajes narrativos como en un mosaico van pintando episodios que integrándose en forma concéntrica o alternante demuestran dos leimotivs notablemente significativos: la magia y la hechicería. Al terminar la lectura de cada relato nos queda la sensación de que el mito trasciende la historia, una escritura que se alimenta de su propia vocación de leyenda y se consume como un posible ensueño mítico más acá de toda certidumbre referencial. Por momentos marca un fatalismo que todavía siente que su mundo es inalterable, mentalidad que parecería explicar una veta importante de la concepción mítico- tribal de ese tiempo estático sin historia.

Déjá Vu (dú), es el primer cuento del libro cuyo personaje narrador es un auditor que afirma “… todos los países donde soy enviado como mercenario para buscar trampas en los sistemas” (12). Este personaje enviado a Ghana, era un informático destinado a auditar el sistema contable de una gran empresa. Iba para sustituir a un paraguayo a quien habían rociado con una bebida alcohólica para prenderle fuego. Este sufrió quemaduras de tercer grado, lo hospitalizaron en Accra y luego lo remitieron a Asunción. El auditor, otro paraguayo quien para sobrevivir se hizo amigo del chofer Mawusi, un hombre apegado a las creencias y costumbres de su tribu. Como ejemplo le narró el caso “que si uno se casaba con una joven sin el consentimiento de sus padres, y esta llegaba a morir, el marido debía entregar el cuerpo a sus familiares y estos tenían el derecho de obligarlo a desposar el cadáver” (13). El viudo se veía obligado a comprar el vestido de novia y el anillo, pasar la noche junto al cadáver de la novia y después de la ceremonia nupcial se procedía al entierro. (14).

En esta historia nos encontramos con rarezas culturales, como cuando los padres encargan los hechizos para matar a su propia hija, o cuando muere el esposo, la esposa tenía que bañar al cadáver del marido y después debía beber un vaso del agua con que lo bañó. Con este episodio quedaba demostrado que si la mujer sobrevivía, podría desposarse con el cuñado. Era parte de la ley natural, de esa cultura ancestral que Mawusi representaba. El auditor conoció a Áfua, esposa del chofer, la que les sirvió una rica cena y compartió con el extranjero sus planes de ampliar su casa y le reveló los nombres para su hijito. El auditor, al término de su trabajo, salió de Accra y partió hacia Tanzania, Chad y Sierra Leona. Cuando regresó a los cinco meses se encontró con un Mawusi flaco y triste a causa de la muerte de Áfua, hecho que lo llevó a contratar a un brujo para que devolviera la vida a su mujer.

Esta historia demuestra la creencia en los brujos y hechizos, Mawusi confiaba ciegamente en el hechicero que prometió devolverla a Áfua. El amigo acompañó al chofer hasta la casa del mago, jujuman o brujo vudú. En el camino de regreso dijo que debía esperar unos días. Para el occidental descreído el relato le pareció tan absurdo, producto de la superchería y de la ignorancia. El desenlace es que cuando días después visita la casa de su chofer, es Áfua muy sonriente quien abre la puerta.
Interesante la fusión de lo maravilloso con lo fantástico, la alteración de las leyes de la naturaleza, invadida por la magia para penetrar en su mundo en que lo fantástico supera a la razón. Javier logra suprimir lo racional con el velo de la fantasía de la magia. 

En Sepultando a Kweku Mensah, nos ofrece la fusión del hechizo y lo irracional. El narrador, un viajero paraguayo, pasó sus vacaciones en Ghana. Allí mucha diversión y mucho vino de palmera. En el hotel de Accra trabó amistad con Arko, el botones que entendía algo de español. Le contó que despedirían a su padre con un costosísimo funeral. El ataúd tenía la forma de un águila imperial con las alas desplegadas y los colores de la bandera norteamericana. Le contó que se gastan verdaderas fortunas en los entierros. El paraguayo le pidió que le invitara a asistir a los rituales funerarios porque estaba fascinado con las extravagantes costumbres (aunque le chocaban). Se compró un traje rojo apropiado para el entierro. Luego participó de la fiesta en la casa, enorme concurrencia, mucha comida, banda de músicos, baile y borrachera. Había una caja donde el turista paraguayo depositó varias veces su aporte debido a su ebriedad.
Al día siguiente se enteró que la tumba fue saqueada y que el caro ataúd se debía reponer, pues dejaron el cadáver en una fosa abierta. El amigo regaló un féretro nuevo, volvió a asistir a otro funeral, en el cual el hijo de un hachazo destruyó los adornos del ataúd para que no fuera robado nuevamente. Se completa el catálogo de rarezas con la visita del hechicero a quien pagaron una fuerte suma para que echara una maldición sobre los profanadores (45).

Opino que Viveros cumplió su propósito con este cuento exótico para divertirnos con las rarezas de la cultura de esos pueblos extraños a quienes deberíamos mirar sin prejuicios. 
En Un pecado capital, denuncia la explotación de la que son objeto los aldeanos, los prisioneros de guerra en las minas del coltán. Este mineral es empleado en la fabricación de dispositivos electrónicos. También emplean a los niños por ser más pequeños y pueden caber con facilidad en los agujeros “como topos en sus madrigueras” (51). Coltán, columbita, tantalita del infierno, también conocida como la negra roca de la desgracia. Los acopiadores son multimillonarios políticos y hasta diplomáticos de la ONU, negocian con las guerrillas y con las grandes fábricas de electrónica de la China.

Putas rusas. Es otro cuento en el que se denuncia la explotación sexual en Sierra Leona, Kenia, Congo, Etiopía, Tanzania, Senegal y Ruanda: “si era factible comprar una esposa eslava desde la comodidad de un sitio web, no debía ser imposible alquilar una puta rusa por un par de horas” (58). Ruándicas, denuncia el negociado en Ruanda (66) y en Mascotas cuenta la naturaleza de perros que destrozaban la carne de los soldados muertos, la población logró exterminarlos porque estaban acostumbrándose al sabor de la carne humana. Macabro, por cierto Fantasmas, otro cuento inquietante, la historia de Zeru Zeru (22) un albino recluso, a quien los compañeros de celda lo provocaban constantemente, querían matarlo para negociar con su cuerpo, pues sus miembros tienen alta cotización. Las pócimas preparadas por los hechiceros con fragmentos pulverizados de cuerpo de albino sirven a los mineros como escudo para evitar derrumbes, los ayudan a encontrar las mejores vetas, los yacimientos de diamantes y tanzanitas (83).

No le fue fácil al albino sobrevivir en prisión, ya que los brujos dicen que quien bebe la sangre de un albino podía hacerse millonario. En cada pasaje del cuento se encuentran sobresaltos, vemos que la cacería de albinos obedece a que estos africanos “temen más al brujo que a Dios, porque al brujo lo ven y a Dios no” (23).

Invito a los lectores a que lean este libro sorprendente, singular por sus temas fantásticos, horroríficos, extravagantes, en los que abundan lo insólito, lo inaudito, lo inexplicable. Creí que con la globalización, la TV e Internet estábamos al tanto de todo en el mundo, ya que las noticias nos traen la historia de los acontecimientos globales, pero la historia menuda, la intrahistoria nos la ofrece Javier Viveros para demostrarnos que todavía hay mucho que contar de los pueblos remotos y entramos en contacto con lo desacostumbrado, lo inusitado y aquello que a nuestros ojos occidentales parecen anómalos, anormales.
En cuanto a la escritura -a pesar de no encontrar mucha variación de técnicas- los registros utilizados favorecen la comprensión del lector que queda gratamente sorprendido con un libro novedoso.

          Il legame tra pesca, immigrazione e ambiente che non possiamo ignorare        
La puntata del programma Rai 3 Presa Diretta intitolata Pesca Selvaggia (qui la puntata) non ha parlato solo di cibo. Ha parlato a noi, come consumatori che rischiano di mangiare pesce adulterato; ha parlato a noi come cittadini, per spiegarci che stiamo uccidendo troppo pesce, nel Mediterraneo sta scomparendo; ha parlato ai pescatori, che dopo aver pescato per decenni ora vedono poco pesce ma si lamentano dei limiti posti, arrivando a creare un mercato nero del tonno rosso e di altri pesci.


Questi pescatori italiani che ve(n)dono meno pesce sono sulla stessa barca dei pescatori senegalesi, che sono tanti e con piccole imbarcazioni e fino a poco tempo fa pescavano alla grande. Da qualche anno sono arrivate grandi navi che poi vendono al mondo occidentale a basso prezzo, e nei loro mari il pesce si riduce sempre più.

Sempre più povertà di un settore primario per la produzione del Pil del Senegal. Alla fine succede che alcuni decidano di scappare e ritrovarsi a fare quei lunghi e pericolosi viaggi che ben conosciamo, magari approdando proprio in Italia. Italia dove esistono i Matteo Salvini di turno che dicono "aiutiamoli a casa loro", senza però spiegare come. Né produrre politiche in parlamento per fare ciò.


Cari Salvini, cara Giorgia Meloni, volete aiutarli a casa loro? Bene, smettete di mangiare il pesce che arriva da quelle zone e viene pescato dalle grandi navi che li impoverisce. Non fatelo mangiare ai vostri attivisti e invitate I vostri elettori a fare altrettanto. Chiedete politiche per limitare lo sfruttamento delle acque di questi Paesi. Vedrete che ci saranno meno senegalesi e africani che decideranno di venire in Europa e ritrovarsi in Italia.

Dobbiamo ridurre il consumo di pesce, anche per questioni di equilibri ambientali,  per non far estinguere specie ittiche, per cambiare la pesca trasformandola in "produzione" di qualità.  Volendo si può smettere di mangiarlo del tutto, così tagliamo la testa al toro anziché al pesce.

Pubblicato anche qui .


          Green Drop Award 2015: a Venezia il cinema è anche ambientalista        
Immagine e © Green Drop Award


Il Festival la Mostra del Cinema di Venezia da qualche anno ha aperto al tema dell'ambiente con il Green Drop Award, il premio che viene dato al film che meglio riesce a rappresentare i temi ambientalisti di conservazione del pianeta.

A guidare la giuria del Green Drop Award 2015, presentato a luglio alla Casa del Cinema di Roma, troviamo Remo­ Girone, Francesca Inaudi, Sebastiano Somma, Paola Comin e Lucia Gr­enna, madrina della giornata Nancy Brilli. I giurati sono arrivati a  bordo della DeLorean DMC12­, la famosa auto del film di fantascienza “­Ritorno al Futuro­”che nel secondo episodio della trilogia viaggia nel futuro con una macchina alimentata dal biometano generato dagli scarti alimentari, ritrovandosi nel 21 ottobre 2015, cioé tra poche settimane.

La mitica De Lorean di Ritorno al Futuro. Immagine e © di Green Drop Award

L'edizione del 2015 è stata vinta dal film “­Beixi Moshuo - Behemoth­” di ­Zhao Liang, che si è aggiudicato la “goccia d'acqua”, ­soffiata dai mastri vetrai di Murano, ch­e quest'anno conterrà la sabbia proveniente dal Senegal­, paese emblema della siccità, al centro­ di campagne di sensibilizzazione e di p­rogetti di cooperazione di Green Cross I­talia.

L’inferno in terra: questo infatti racc­onta “Behemoth”, portando sullo schermo ­le ceneri e il frastuono causati dalle a­ttività minerarie in Mongolia. “Nella Divina Commedia, Dante attraversa­ in sogno l’Inferno, il Purgatorio e il ­Paradiso. In Behemoth mi sono ispirato a Dante­ e ho descritto un’enorme catena industr­iale, in cui i colori rosso, grigio e bl­u rappresentano rispettivamente i tre re­gni danteschi”, ha spiegato Zhao Liang­, continuando: “Attraverso lo sguardo contemplativo d­el film, analizzo le condizioni di vita dei lavor­atori e l’insensato sviluppo urbano. È la mia ­meditazione critica sulla civiltà modern­a ".


Il Green Drop Award non si limita alla premiazione, è anche momento di dibattito sui temi ambientalisti in generale e del mondo del cinema in particolare. Si è infatti parlato di compostaggio dei rifiuti e di biometano, di sostenibilità ambientale dei set cinematografici secondo standard precisi (dal risparmio energetico all'uso di boccioni di acqua anziché le bottigliette fino al riuso dei materiali e all'uso delle stoviglie biodegradabili o riutilizzabili). Non solo: “Nel No­rd del Senegal abbiamo individuato due p­iccoli villaggi di 5000 persone, dove ab­biamo individuato 60 ettari di terreno m­ai coltivato. Con il nostro progetto ora­ circa 1000 persone possono lavorare e v­ivere dei benefici della terra. Abbiamo ­portato e installato circa 800 chilometr­i di tubi per l'irrigazione dei 600.000 ­metri quadrati di terreno. E' stato inst­allato un grande impianto di pannelli so­lari che produce 150 kW di potenza" spiega Elio Pacilio, p­residente di Green Cross Italia, l'associazione creata da Mikhail Gorbaciov tra gli organizzatori del Green Drop Award.

Marco Gisotti, direttore dell'evento, spiega come portare avanti i temi ambientali nel mondo e nei media: "Nel frattempo credo che la strada mi­gliore sia quella di autoconvocare gli S­tati generali del cinema verde in occasi­one della prossima Festa del Cinema di R­oma, quindi entro ottobre. Sperando che ­entro l’anno il Mibact costituisca quest­o tavolo. Sarebbe un bel segnale per il ­mondo del cinema e per combattere efficacemente i cambiamenti climatici, di cui ­si discuterà in alla Conferenza mondiale­ di Parigi fra novanta giorni”.

          Sénégal: «Je ne veux pas de cet enfant, moi je veux aller à l’école»        
Source: 
FIDH

Environ 8 à 13% des décès maternels au Sénégal sont causés par les avortements clandestins. Les jeunes filles sont particulièrement à risque. Les femmes qui y ont recours se trouvent pousuivies devant la justice, encourant jusqu’à deux ans de prison. Un nouvel rapport demande une révision des lois.

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          [news/commentary] Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs - Part I        
Thursday, September 16, 2004
Dateline: China
 
New column on the AlwaysOn Network.  It's on the potential downside of offshoring (the downside for the States, that is).  For the next five days, see http://www.alwayson-network.com ; the permanent link is at http://tinyurl.com/4e4q4 .  It got the ire of a lot of readers and a lot of views (I'm projecting nearly 500 in less than one day).  The article which was the basis for my column is getting a lot of attention in the States.  Worth reading.
 
Building ISV Relationships: Targeting SMEs -- Part I
 
First, a bit of commentary.  One thing all smart SIs (systems integrators) do is develop partnerships and alliances with ISVs (independent software vendors, i.e., software publishers/software companies in a broad sense).  Of course, it's difficult to be the 1,000th entrant in the game and expect to get any traction/assistance from your ISV partner.
 
SIs in China ALWAYS use the approach of offering localization services and OFTEN offer to help push an ISV's product within the domestic market in China.  Frankly, this is what the (usually American) ISV wants, too.  Does this strategy work?  Well, sometimes.  However, even in the case of high profile alliances such as some of those Microsoft has in China (and I won't name names to protect the innocent), it's really nothing more than window dressing.  Everything looks good on paper, but the reality is something quite different.
 
Regardless, this does NOT address the need and desire for SIs in China to build their market in the States.  And when this issue becomes center stage, ISVs frequently respond with something bordering on contempt.  Some ISVs are getting clued that their American channel partners absolutely need partners in China and other low(er)-cost development areas in order to win bids.  Let's face it, it's all about closing deals.  And if an ISV's competitors have channel partners which can put together winning bids, perhaps in part (and perhaps in LARGE part) due to an offshoring component with their channel partner's SI partner(s) in China, then the ISV with an indirect link to China has a competitive advantage.  I don't view this as a sufficient condition to winning bids, but it's increasingly a necessary condition.
 
Clued ISVs want their American channel partners to have an offshoring option, but this requires that their channel partners have relationships with SIs in a country such as China.  But ISVs tend to focus their channel development efforts on their American partners and might develop a couple/few relationships in China, but usually NOT tied to their channel development efforts in the States.  Goofy and shortsighted, to say the least.
 
But how can SIs in China get traction with American ISVs, especially since they're almost always late to the game (in other words, the American ISV already has a well-developed channel)?  The answer (or, at least one answer):  Focus on servicing the needs of SMEs (small and medium enterprises, which is also referred to as "SMBs" -- small and medium businesses).
 
There's another reason this makes sense:  Most of the SIs in China are already focused on servicing SMEs/SMBs in China.  It might be nice to bag a large SOE (state-owned enterprise), but the reality is that most firms in China, especially the burgeoning number of privately-held firms, are SMEs by definition.  Hence, the experiences gained by SIs in China is already within the same market, although I'd be the first person to warn than company size and even similar domains does not necessarily equate to directly transferable skills.  Fact is, things in China are often quite different from the way they are in the States, especially in a "hot" ITO (IT outsourcing) market like financial services.  More about this in a forthcoming postingBottom line:  Give serious thought to targeting the SMB/SME market in the States.  (Part II of this commentary might be a while in coming.)
 
IT Tidbits
 
Lots of tidbits this week.
 
Controlling project costs.  My favorites:  Scope creep, not understanding project financing, "big-bang" projects, overtesting (although I'm not sure I agree with this one), poor estimating.  Good stuff, with recommended solutions.  See http://tinyurl.com/6rfkg .
 
Challenges for China's SIs.  Adapted from a Forrester report.   For starters, how about:  Improving account management (are there really any account managers in China, or at least any who can manage accounts with U.S. clients?   ), moving away from technology-centric messages that often alienate business buyers (better yet, moving away from messages in Chinglish), investing in vertical-specific skills (how many times have I said this?) and becoming more multicultural organizations (yes, and let's start with learning English!).  See http://tinyurl.com/4avfo .
 
"Yee Haw" as an outsourcing option.  Forget India.  Forget China.  Forget the Philippines.  Let's go to Arkansas!!  See http://tinyurl.com/7ya9p .
 
American start-ups go offshore.  Try Corio (is Corio really a start-up?), CollabNet, Aarohl, Infinera, and many others.  See http://tinyurl.com/3wm3o .  Another good article with a BPO spin in Venture Capital Journal, http://tinyurl.com/4rfsa .
 
Offshorings mixed results.  "Vietnam and Myanmar were also in demand ..."  Really?  See http://tinyurl.com/647ap .
 
Looking for SI partners?  Kennedy ranks the largest firms.  As I've said in the past, I like their reports.  (No, I don't get a cut.)  Satyam and TCS didn't make the grade, though.  See http://tinyurl.com/4s965 .
 
Another challenge to conventional outsourcing and offshoring "wisdom."   "Services-driven development models, such as the one at work in India, broaden the global competitive playing field.  As a result, new pressures are brought to bear on hiring and real wages in the developed world - pressures that are not inconsequential in shaping the jobless recoveries unfolding in high-cost wealthy nations.  For those in the developed world, successful services- and manufacturing-based development models in heavily populated countries such as India and China - pose the toughest question of all: what about us?"  For more, see http://tinyurl.com/4acm4 .
 
Forget the Golden Triangle.  How about China + India vs. the world (or, sans the world)?  "Newspaper headlines portray China as the world's manufacturing base for low-cost goods, like clothing and shoes, and India as the global IT monopoly-to-be.  Unfortunately, media outside Asia have failed to acknowledge the growing partnership between the two giants."  "Given the complementary nature of their economies and the size of their markets (nearly 2.2 billion people in total), the nascent cooperation between the two holds the potential to dramatically alter the world trade balance.  A perusal of the Shanghai technology corridor reveals a hint of the countries' industrial interconnectedness.  Walk through one of the main complexes in Shanghai's Pudong Software Park, and you will see a prominently displayed sign for Infosys, one of India's most respected IT firms.  The same complex also holds Satyam, the first of India's software service companies to set up offices in Shanghai.  Nearby are the headquarters of the largest software services company in Asia, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), which currently runs an outsourcing center for GE in the town of Hangzhou.  TCS is owned by the Tatas, one of India's most prominent business families.  Across the river is NIIT, the principal software training center in India's private sector.  NIIT, operating in China since 1998, now runs an extensive two-year course in 25 provinces, training around 20,000 students to be software professionals.  There is widespread speculation that Wipro, India's only giant IT firm without a presence in the city, will establish a Shanghai office very soon.  It is no surprise that Indian software companies are setting up in China. They, like everyone else, sense great opportunity in one of the largest, fastest-growing economies in the world."  (Bold is my emphasis.)  All true, and they even forget MphasiS.  See one of my must-read sources, YaleGlobalhttp://tinyurl.com/6ltaz .
 
The partnering wave of the future.  I've talked about this many times in previous postings.  This time CTG dances with Polaris Software.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tbqd .
 
CMMi:  The key to success.  A little simplistic and uses incorrect definitions, but still worth reading.  See http://tinyurl.com/4gp9u .
 
 
 
 
 
How about Microsoft vs. China in an AO "Grudge Match"?  See a lengthy article in CFO titled, "Does Microsoft need China?"; link at http://tinyurl.com/476bo .  China: The champion of open source!!
 
 
Business creativity 101.  "A new book from Wharton School Publishing, The Power of Impossible Thinking by Jerry Wind and Colin Crook prompts you to rethink your mental models and transform them to help you achieve new levels of creativity. In this book, the authors give a set of guidelines on how to see differently."  Examples:  Listen to the radicals; embark on journeys of discovery; look across disciplines.  See http://tinyurl.com/6fvo8 .
 
The innovator's battle plan.  "Great firms can be undone by disruptors who analyze and exploit an incumbent's strengths and motivations.  From Clayton Christensen's new book Seeing What's Next."  GREAT stuff (although John Dvorak won't like it).  What about asymmetric warfare theories applied to the realm of corporate innovation and creativity?  Just a thought ...  See http://tinyurl.com/6mbcy .
 
Your next competitors?  Have you thought about Senegal, Uganda, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, especially in the BPO space?  See http://tinyurl.com/5h93z .
 
Message to product companies: go sell services!!  Interesting take from a VMI perspective.  See http://tinyurl.com/5tqrt .
 
Don't know much about bloggin'?  Good take on the various types of corporate blogs.  See http://tinyurl.com/6my29 .
 
Urls as web services?  You have to read it to get it.  Might be a bit too much for the uninitiated ...  See http://tinyurl.com/563gm .
 
Joel is back and blogging!!  Joel takes on Jakob Nielsen in "it's not just usability."  See http://tinyurl.com/6msmm .
 
How about open source software for HPC?  See http://tinyurl.com/5qzleWARNING: Geek alert, geek alert!!
 
Saving the best for last: a piece on Woz.  See http://tinyurl.com/4szjf .
 
TTFN.  Expect a urls update before I go back to the States.
 
Cheers,
 
David Scott Lewis
President & Principal Analyst
IT E-Strategies, Inc.
Menlo Park, CA & Qingdao, China
 
http://www.itestrategies.com (current blog postings optimized for MSIE6.x)
http://tinyurl.com/2r3pa (access to blog content archives in China)
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To automatically subscribe click on http://tinyurl.com/388yf .
 

          The Lancet Infectious Diseases: November 21, 2011        

December highlights, including malaria scale-up analysis from Senegal


          Inzaghi: "Keita? Finché sarà nostro, giocherà"        

Inzaghi: "Keita? Finché sarà nostro, giocherà"

L'allenatore biancoceleste si racconta a "La Repubblica" parlando soprattutto del senegalese: "Non ho imbarazzi nel metterlo in campo contro la Juventus. L' imbarazzo dovrebbe provarlo chi consente a un calciatore di giocare due partite in un posto, salutare e andar via. Biglia? Mi è dispiaciuto"


          Dossier: Parlamentswahlen im Senegal        

Senegal gilt als Musterbeispiel demokratischer Entwicklung in der Region Westafrika und hat am 30. Juli 2017 ein neues Parlament gewählt. Unser Dossier analysiert den Wahlkampf, die Rolle von Frauen in der Politik sowie die Ergebnisse der Wahl.


          Senegal: Regierung gestärkt - Opposition gespalten        
Wahlplakat der senegalesischen Regierungskoalition „Benno Bokk Yakaar"

Die Ergebnisse von Senegals Parlamentswahlen Ende Juli lassen sich sowohl als Erfolg für die Regierungskoalition als auch als Warnung angesichts der Präsidentschaftswahlen 2019 interpretieren. Die Regierungskoalition "Benno Bokk Yakaar" (BBY) stellt 125 der 165 Abgeordneten im neu gewählten Parlament. Die knappe Mehrheit der Stimmen erhielten dagegen mit 50,58 Prozent alle Oppositionsparteien zusammen.

Nach einem von Spannung und zum Teil gewaltsamen Auseinandersetzungen zwischen Anhänger/innen von Regierungskoalition und Opposition geprägten Wahlkampf sowie bis zuletzt Schwierigkeiten bei der Bereitstellung der Wahlausweise, verlief der Wahltag weitgehend ruhig. Die Wahlbeobachtungsmission der Afrikanischen Union (AU) bewertete die Wahlen als insgesamt transparent, trotz der Schwierigkeiten bei der Organisation. 90 Prozent der Wahlbüros öffneten mit Verspätung, so die AU. 

Am Vorabend der Wahlen hatte es heftig geregnet, was in vielen Wahllokalen am Sonntag zu Verspätung führte. In Touba, der zweitgrößten Stadt nach Dakar und circa 200km von der Hauptstadt entfernt im Landesinneren, stürmten die Stimmberechtigten die Wahllokale, nachdem sie stundenlang vergeblich gewartet hatten. Die Öffnungszeit der Wahllokale wurde dort schließlich bis Mitternacht verlängert.

Überraschend ist die mit offiziell 54 Prozent angegebene Wahlbeteiligung, so hoch wie bei bisher keiner Wahl im Senegal. Dies ist umso erstaunlicher angesichts der vielen Wählenden, die aufgrund fehlender Wahlausweise oder weil sie am Wahltag durch zum Teil schlechte Organisation ihr Wahllokal nicht ausfindig machen konnten, nicht wählen konnten.

Mehr Stimmen für die Opposition, mehr Parlamentssitze für die Regierungskoalition

Eine Woche nach der Wahl stehen die offiziellen Wahlergebnisse fest: Die Regierungskoalition "Benno Bokk Yakaar" (BBY) hat in 42 der 45 Départments die meisten Stimmen bekommen und stellt so dank des einfachen Mehrheitswahlrechts, „the winner takes it all“, 125 der 165 Abgeordneten. Neben den Abgeordneten in Senegal kann BBY 12 der 15 Abgeordneten der Diaspora, die bei dieser Wahl zum ersten Mal gewählt wurden, für sich beanspruchen.

Zweitstärkste Kraft mit Mehrheit in zwei Départements ist die "Coalition gagnante Wattu Senegal" des ehemaligen Präsidenten Abdoulaye Wade, die 19 Abgeordnete stellt. Wade kehrte als Spitzenkandidat für die Parlamentswahlen in die senegalesische Politik zurück und hat in Touba (Département Mbacké), der heiligen Stadt der Mouridenbrüderschaft, die Mehrheit der Stimmen auf sich verbuchen können, was ihm fünf Abgeordnete sichert. Wade, selbst Mouride, konnte hier punkten und trotz der erheblichen Unruhe in Touba am Wahltag die Mehrheit der Stimmen einholen.

Drittstärkste Kraft mit sieben Sitzen ist die Koalition "Manko Taxawu Senegal" (MTS) um den Dakarer Bürgermeister Khalifa Sall. Aktuell wegen des Vorwurfs der Veruntreuung von Staatsgeldern im Gefängnis, gilt er als potentieller Gegenkandidat für Macky Sall bei den Präsidentschaftswahlen 2019. Als gewählter Abgeordneter werden seine Anwälte nun versuchen aufgrund der parlamentarischen Immunität eine Freilassung zu erwirken.

Die restlichen 14 Abgeordneten gehen mit jeweils ein bis drei Sitzen an verschiedene Koalitionen der Opposition. Mit Blick auf das Paritätsgesetz von 2010 ist es ein Erfolg, dass durch diese Vergabe der verbleibenden Sitze an die Oppositionskoalitionen drei der vier Spitzenkandidatinnen ins Parlament einziehen: Aissata Tall Sall, Aida Mbodj und Sokhna Dieng Mbacké. Der Anteil an weiblichen Abgeordneten im neuen Parlament dürfte mit circa 37 Prozent nach aktuellen Prognosen etwas niedriger liegen als in der letzten Legislaturperiode (43 Prozent). Dies liegt vermutlich daran, dass bei Koalitionen mit ungerader Anzahl an Abgeordneten tendenziell ein Mann mehr als Frauen ins Parlament geschickt werden, da die Spitzenkandidaten mehrheitlich männlich sind.
 
Vergleicht man die aktuellen Wahlergebnisse im urbanen und ländlichen Raum, wird deutlich, dass die Regierungskoalition BBY gemäß den Einschätzungen im Vorfeld vor allem im ländlichen Raum die Mehrheit der Stimmen bekommen hat. Aufgrund des einfachen Mehrheitswahlrechts führte dies jedoch auch in den meisten Départements um große Städte dazu, dass BBY alle Abgeordneten des Départements stellt, selbst wenn wie in Thies eine Koalition der Opposition in der Stadt Thies die meisten Stimmen bekommen hat.

Professor Babacar Gueye, Experte für Verfassungsrecht an der Dakarer Universität Cheikh Anta Diop und Vorsitzender des Collectif des Organisations de la Société Civile pour les Elections (Cosce), das von zivilgesellschaftlicher Seite die Wahlen beobachtet hat, erklärt diesen Erfolg von BBY im ländlichen Raum mit dem Programm zur ländlichen Entwicklung Programme d’Urgence de Développement Communautaire (PUDC)[1] sowie des von Macky Salls Regierung eingeführten Familiengeldes und der kostenlosen Basiskrankenversicherung.

Das Ergebnis in der Hauptstadt ist umstritten

Bis zur Bekanntgabe der offiziellen Wahlergebnisse beanspruchten sowohl BBY als auch MTS die Mehrheit im Départment der Hauptstadt Dakar für sich. Nun steht die Regierungskoalition als Sieger in Dakar fest und MTS legte Einspruch beim Verfassungsgericht ein. MTS forderte zudem den Rücktritt des Innenministers, der für die Organisation der Wahlen verantwortlich war.

Das Beispiel Dakar zeigt deutlich, wie die Vielzahl an Parteien der Opposition insgesamt schadet: Alle Oppositionsparteien zusammen erhielten in Dakar 181.260 Stimmen, die Regierungskoalition 114.603, das heißt 66.657 mehr Stimmen für die Opposition. Da diese nicht gemeinsam angetreten sind und das einfache Mehrheitswahlrecht gilt, bekommt die Regierungskoalition alle sieben Sitze für Dakar, die Opposition keinen einzigen.

Auch beim Wahlergebnis auf nationaler Ebene zeigen sich die Absurditäten des aktuellen Wahlrechts: die Regierungskoalition bekam mit 49,48 Prozent nicht die absolute Mehrheit der Stimmen, stellt aber mit 125 von 165 Abgeordneten weit über die Hälfte der Parlamentarier/innen. Nach den Wahlen wurde immer wieder auf die Präsidentschaftswahlen 2019 verwiesen: erzielt Macky Sall dort ein ähnliches Ergebnis, wird er sich einem zweiten Wahlgang stellen müssen.

Die Zersplitterung der Opposition stärkt die Regierung

Prof. Gueye zieht folgendes Fazit der Wahlen: „Das Ergebnis bestätigt aktuell die Mehrheit der Regierung und zeigt die Zersplitterung und damit Schwäche der Opposition. Es macht deutlich, dass es auf Seiten der Opposition niemanden gibt, hinter dem alle stehen.“ Die Opposition ist mit ihrem Ziel diese Mehrheit zu schwächen oder gar die Kohabitation einzurichten deutlich gescheitert. Das Regierungshandeln für Benno Bokk Yakaar ist vorerst gestärkt.

Schafft es die Opposition sich bis zur Präsidentschaftswahl 2019 auf einen gemeinsamen Kandidaten zu einigen, könnte sie ernsthafte Chancen haben. Bleibt die Opposition so zersplittert, stärkt das weiterhin die Regierungskoalition.

 

[1] PUDC wird vom Entwicklungsprogramm der Vereinten Nationen (UNDP) im Auftrag der Senegalesischen Regierung durchgeführt, Pilotphase 2015-2017, Budget: 422 Milliarden F CFA (ca. 640 Millionen Euro).


          Frauen in Senegals Politik: große Legitimität - eingeschränkte Entscheidungsmacht        
Wahlplakate von Kandidatinnen der senegalesischen Parlamentswahl 2017

„Beim Aufbau dieses Landes werden die Frauen eine sehr wichtige Rolle spielen. Wer das nicht einsieht, ist auf dem Holzweg. Denn wir sind die Hälfte der erwerbsfähigen Bevölkerung.“ [1] Mit diesen deutlichen Worten beschreibt die Dakarer Soziologin und Feministin Professor Dr. Fatou Sarr Sow die Rolle der Frauen für Senegal.

Am vergangenen Sonntag (30. Juli 2017) wählte die Bevölkerung dort ein neues Parlament, die zweite Parlamentswahl seit der Verabschiedung des Paritätsgesetzes 2010. An dessen Einführung war Sarr Sow, Gründerin des Laboratoire Genre et Recherche Scientifique an der Dakarer Universität Cheikh Anta Diop, maßgeblich beteiligt.

In der letzten Legislaturperiode waren 43,3 Prozent der Parlamentsabgeordneten Frauen. Das Land steht damit an fünfter Stelle im weltweiten Vergleich.[2] Der Deutsche Bundestag hat aktuell 37 Prozent weibliche Abgeordnete. Von den 30 Ministerien in Senegal werden sechs von Frauen geleitet. Von den insgesamt 14 Premierministern seit der Unabhängigkeit Senegals waren bisher zwei Frauen.

Auf Ebene der Lokalverwaltung gibt es derzeit 13 Bürgermeisterinnen in insgesamt 557 Städten und Kommunen (2015). Der Zugang von Frauen zu Entscheidungspositionen ist immer noch eingeschränkt.

Parität sind nicht nur Zahlen. Die Soziologin und Aktivistin Seynabou Sy Ndiaye zieht folgendes Fazit: „Es ist auf jeden Fall schwieriger für eine Frau als Leader akzeptiert zu werden, vor allem im Milieu politischer Parteien. Hier werden Frauen normalerweise für die Mobilisierung genutzt bzw. übernehmen diese Rolle.

Das ist das Soziale in der Politik. Sie bringen die Frauen, die Jugendlichen zusammen, um zu demonstrieren, die Partei zu unterstützen. Sie stärken die Basis in den Stadtvierteln und Gemeinden. Sie haben eine gewisse Legitimität aber eine eingeschränkte Entscheidungsmacht, außer die Massen zu mobilisieren. Und das wissen die männlichen Politiker und nutzen es.“

Rückblick in die Geschichte

Das erste Parlament Senegals wurde 1960 nach der Unabhängigkeit gewählt und schon 1963 zog Caroline Faye Diop als erste Abgeordnete ins Parlament ein. Erst 40 Jahre später lag der Frauenanteil der Abgeordneten bei 20 Prozent. Wäre es in diesem Tempo weitergegangen, hätte Senegal noch bis 2043 warten müssen, um 40 Prozent weibliche Parlamentsabgeordnete zu haben.[3]

In einem Beitrag für Pambazuka News von 2014[4] verweist Sarr Sow auf die historisch bedeutsame Rolle von Frauen in Senegal: „Die Kolonisierung hat die Frauen von der Macht ausgeschlossen, denn der erste Widerstand, auf den die Kolonisatoren getroffen sind, wurde von einer Frau angeführt (Ndaté Yalla) und die letzte Widerstandskämpferin, die deportiert wurde, war auch eine Frau (Aline Sitoé Diatta).

Wenn Frauen also absichtlich aus dem öffentlichen Raum ausgegrenzt wurden, ist es nur gerecht, wenn Maßnahmen ergriffen wurden, um diese Lücke, die von der Kolonisierung künstlich geschaffen wurde, zu beseitigen.“

Nach jahrzehntelangem Engagement in Wissenschaft und Zivilgesellschaft kandidierte Sarr Sow nun erstmals als Zweitplatzierte der Koalition Pôle Alternatif /3eme Voie/Senegal Day Dem (Senegal im Aufbruch) hinter Dr. Cheikh Tidiane Gadio, ehemaliger Außenminister.

Dass die anerkannte Wissenschaftlerin, die sich lange weigerte aktiv in die Politik zu gehen, nun antrat, ist für Sy Ndiaye ein Zeichen, dass es in der Bevölkerung einen Willen gibt, etwas zu verändern.

So sind es auch Slogans wie „rompre avec la politique politicienne“ (mit der Politik um der Politik willen brechen) und „faire la politique autrement“ (anders Politik machen), die sich durch die Diskurse der Kandidatinnen und auch einiger männlicher Oppositionskandidaten ziehen.

Fatou Sarr Sow betonte in einem Interview mit dem Radiosender SudFM vom 16. Juli 2017, dass sie keiner politischen Partei angehöre und wie wichtig unabhängige Kandidierende im Parlament aus ihrer Sicht seien.

Der Auslöser, in die Politik zu gehen, war für die Wissenschaftlerin der Moment, als sie erfuhr, dass in ihrem Dorf Bokhol im Norden Senegals mit 20 Megawatt das größte Solarkraftwerk Westafrikas eröffnet, aber die Bewohnerinnen nicht für ihr Land entschädigt wurden. Sie sah in ihrer Kandidatur eine Weiterführung ihres langjährigen Engagements als Wissenschaftlerin in der Zivilgesellschaft.

Frauen bei der Parlamentswahl 2017

Das senegalesische Paritätsgesetz lässt nur Wahllisten zu, die paritätisch besetzt sind. Allerdings ist nicht vorgegeben, ob der erste Listenplatz an einen Mann oder eine Frau gehen muss. So treten bisher meist Männer als Spitzenkandidaten an. Vier von 47 Listen wurden bei den aktuellen Wahlen von Frauen angeführt. Die Spitzenkandidaten traten jedoch oft mit der Zweitplazierten auf. So waren die Kandidatinnen mancher Listen sehr präsent im Wahlkampf.

Eine kurze Vorstellung der vier Spitzenkandidatinnen gibt einen Eindruck von senegalesischen Spitzenpolitikerinnen in einem immer noch von Männern dominierten Umfeld:

AIDA MBODJI kommt aus einer Politikerfamilie und begann ihre politische Karriere 1993 in der Parti Socialiste (PS). 2000 wechselte sie von der PS in die Parti Démocratique Sénégalaise (PDS) des damaligen Präsidenten Abdoulaye Wade, wo sie zwischen 2004 und 2012 viele hochrangige Posten bekleidete: Vizepräsidentin der Nationalversammlung und diverse Ministerposten. Mbodji ist für ihre Fähigkeit bekannt, Anhänger der Partei zu mobilisieren und eine überzeugte Verfechterin der Parität.

Sie kritisierte 2012 die Missachtung der Parität bei der Wahl der Staatssekretäre. Zu den Parlamentswahlen 2017 trat sie mit ihrer eigenen „Alliance Nationale pour la Démocratie“ (AND) an. In den Medien wird Aida Mbodj immer wieder als „Löwin des Baol“ (der Region um Bambey) oder als „ eiserne Lady von Bambey“ bezeichnet.

AISSATA TALL SALL ist Anwältin und langjähriges Mitglied der Parti Socialiste (PS). Sie arbeitete lange als Anwältin und wurde 1998 vom damaligen Präsidenten Abdou Diouf als Ministerin für Kommunikation in seine Regierung berufen. Sie war ebenso Regierungssprecherin.

2006 spielte Aissata Tall Sall im Film „Bamako“ von Abderrahmane Sissako sich selbst: eine Anwältin, die ihren Kontinent gegen die Auswüchse der internationalen Finanzinstitutionen verteidigt. Seit 2009 ist sie Bürgermeisterin ihrer Heimatstadt Podor im Norden Senegals.

Auch sie trat 2017 mit ihrer eigenen Bewegung „Oser l’avenir“ (Die Zukunft wagen) zu den Parlamentswahlen an. Ende Mai 2017 offiziell vorgestellt, ist das Ziel der Bewegung nicht weniger als ein Wandel der Art und Weise wie Politik in Senegal seit der Unabhängigkeit gemacht wird. Eine wirksame Gewaltenteilung soll wiederhergestellt werden.

Sie betont zudem, wie wichtig es ist, dass Afrikaner/innen an sich selbst glauben und sich nicht auf den Westen verlassen, um ihren an natürlichen Ressourcen reichen Kontinent zu entwickeln. Ähnlich wie Mbodj wird Tall Sall „Löwin Podors“ genannt. Sie hat angekündigt, 2019 für die Präsidentschaft zu kandidieren.

AMISATOU SOW SIDIBE bekam 2003 als erste Senegalesin den Titel Professeur Agrégée in Rechts- und Politikwissenschaften. Die Professorin der Universität Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD) und erste Frau im Nationalen Gremium zur Wahlbeobachtung (Observatoire national des elections (ONEL)) trat 2010 mit der Gründung ihrer eigenen Partei in die Politik Senegals ein: Convergence des acteurs pour la Défense des Valeurs Républicaines (CAR LENEEN).

2012 kandidierte sie bei den Präsidentschaftswahlen. Nach der Wahl Macky Salls zum Präsidenten schlos sich CAR LENEEN der Regierungskoalition Benno Bokk Yakaar an und Sow Sidibé wurde Beraterin des Präsidenten Macky Sall für Frieden und Menschenrechtsfragen.

2016 entließ sie der Präsident nach mehreren Meinungsverschiedenheiten. Sow Sidibé steht zu ihren Überzeugungen und kehrte an die Universität zurück. Sie trat 2017 als Spitzenkandidatin der Koalition 3ème voie politique/Euttou Askan Wi zu den Wahlen an.

SOKHNA DIENG MBACKE ist Journalistin und die ehemalige Direktorin der nationalen Fernsehanstalt RTS. 1986 war sie die erste Frau auf diesem Posten. Ihr Mann Serigne Modou Kara ist ein Nachfahre von Cheikh Amadou Bamba, Begründer der im Senegal einflussreichen muslimischen Sufibrüderschaft, und Gründer der Partei „Parti de la verité pour le développement“ (PVD). Sokhna Dieng Mbacke ist Parteivorsitzende und war Spitzenkandidatin der PVD für die Wahlen 2017.

Die Spitzenkandidatinnen kommen aus unterschiedlichen gesellschaftlichen, wissenschaftlichen und religiösen Kontexten. Zu bemerken ist, so Sy Ndiaye, dass der Großteil der Spitzenkandidatinnen nicht für ihre ursprüngliche Partei kandidiert. Aida Mbodj und Aissata Tall Sall gründeten jeweils ihre eigene Partei, Sokhna Dieng Mbacke kandidiert für die von ihrem Mann gegründete Partei.

Nur Sow Sidibé hatte von Anfang an ihre eigene Partei. Diese Schwierigkeit, in etablierten Parteien Spitzenpositionen zu erreichen, gilt jedoch auch für Männer und ist ein Grund, warum das Parteiensystem in Senegal in über 250 Parteien zersplittert ist.

Kritik am Paritätsgesetz

Aissata Tall Sall gewann als einzige Spitzenkandidatin in ihrem Wahlkreis Podor. Auf Ebene des dortigen Départements gewann jedoch die Regierungskoalition. Alle anderen Kandidatinnen verloren in ihrem Wahlkreis. Sokhna Dieng Mbacke und Aida Mbodj bekommen jedoch über die nationale Liste den jeweils einzigen Sitz ihrer Partei im Parlament. Wie hoch der Anteil weiblicher Abgeordneter im neuen Parlament insgesamt ist, ist aktuell noch nicht genau zu sagen. Er wird jedoch aufgrund der paritätisch besetzten Listen vermutlich ähnlich sein, wie in der vergangenen Legislaturperiode.

Sieben Jahre nach seiner Verabschiedung ist das Paritätsgesetz keinesfalls vollständig umgesetzt und vor allem noch nicht in der gesellschaftlichen Wahrnehmung der Gleichberechtigung der Geschlechter angekommen. Es gibt immer noch (wenn auch verdeckt geäußerte) Kritik, unter anderem, weil die Frauen im Parlament schlecht ausgebildet seien.

Die Statistik zeigt jedoch, dass mehr als ein Drittel einen Universitätsabschluss haben.[5] Seynabou Sy Ndiaye dreht das Argument um und stellt klar: „Die Parteien wissen nun, dass sie 50 Prozent Kandidatinnen bei einer Wahl aufstellen müssen. Also sollten sie in die Ausbildung ihrer weiblichen Mitglieder investieren.

Es ist keine Entschuldigung zu sagen ‚wir waren gezwungen, die Frauen zu nehmen, die wir kriegen konnten und sie sind nicht gut ausgebildet.‘ Das ist eher ein Zeichen, dass viele gut ausgebildete Frauen nicht in die der Politik gehen.“

Es bleibt zu hoffen, dass die Frauen im neu gewählten Parlament den Kampf um Gleichberechtigung der Geschlechter weiter vorantreiben und sich – gemeinsam mit ihren solidarischen männlichen Kollegen -  Zugang zu Entscheidungspositionen erstreiten.

 

[1]Übersetzung aus dem Französischen, Interview mit Prof. Fatou Sarr Sow im Radiosender SudFM vom 16. Juli 2017 http://sudfmsenradio.com/objection-fatou-sow-sarr

[3] Sarr, Fatou (2013). La 12ème Législature au Sénégal – Les premières héritières de la loi sur la parité. Laboratoire Genre et Recherches Scientifiques IFAN Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar.

[5] Sarr, Fatou (2013). La 12ème Législature au Sénégal – Les premières héritières de la loi sur la parité. Laboratoire Genre et Recherches Scientifiques IFAN Cheikh Anta Diop (UCAD), Dakar, S. 21.


          Die Zukunft von Zwangsmigrierten in der ASEAN        
Zwei Kinder schauen aus einem Fenster

Dieser Beitrag ist Teil unseres Dossiers 50 Jahre ASEAN – Welche Rolle spielt soziale und ökologische Gerechtigkeit?

Die Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN, Vereinigung südostasiatischer Staaten) feiert 2017 ihr 50-jähriges Bestehen, und dies fällt mit dem Vorsitz der Philippinen unter dem Motto „Partnerschaft für den Wandel, Dialog mit der Welt“ zusammen. Entwickelt sich die regionale Gruppierung ASEAN ein halbes Jahrhundert nach ihrer Gründung positiv oder negativ?

Im Allgemeinen hat die ASEAN in vielen Bereichen recht gute Fortschritte vorzuweisen, u.a. regionale Integrationsbemühungen, Überbrückung von Entwicklungslücken, Friedenssicherung und Verbesserung der sozialen Landschaften in der gesamten Region.

Dennoch ist solcher Fortschritt nicht flächendeckend. Mit anderen Worten, er ist bis heute nicht voll und ganz inklusiv. Es gibt gefährdete Teile der Bevölkerung, die nicht einbezogen oder im Integrationsprozess zurückgelassen werden. Eine solche Gruppe sind Zwangsmigrierte, die auch als Geflüchtete und Asylsuchende bezeichnet werden.

Bis 2015 waren insgesamt 284.949 Geflüchtete und Asylsuchende in Kambodscha, Indonesien, Malaysia, Thailand und den Philippinen registriert (UNHCR 2017). Im selben Jahr waren in keinem anderen ASEAN-Mitgliedstaat Geflüchtete registriert.

Eine einfache Frage, deren Beantwortung aufschlussreich wäre: Werden Zwangsmigrierte, die in ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten Zuflucht suchen, in der nationalen Volkszählung miterfasst? Oder gehören sie zu den fast 630 Millionen Menschen in der ASEAN (ASEAN 2016)? Falls nicht, ist es unwahrscheinlich, dass sie an nationalen Entwicklungsinitiativen beteiligt werden, geschweige denn an regionalen Integrationsinitiativen.

Entwicklung der erzwungenen Migration

Auch ohne genaue Zahlenangaben zu kennen ist es unwahrscheinlich, dass die Zahl der Menschen, die vor Verfolgung fliehen, in der nahen Zukunft zurückgeht. Geopolitische Unsicherheit, andauernde Bürgerinnen- und Bürgerkriege, militärische Interventionen und Menschenrechtsverletzungen, die in fast allen Teilen der Welt stattfinden, sorgen dafür.

Die Trends der erzwungenen Migration haben sich aufgrund der Globalisierung, des technologischen Fortschritts und der verstärkten Verkehrsverbindungen unkonventionell entwickelt. Folglich handelt es sich bei der ASEAN nicht mehr um einen sicheren Zufluchtsort für Asylsuchende aus den einzelnen ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten, sondern auch für diejenigen aus anderen Regionen und Kontinenten.

Beispielsweise wurden etwa 14 Prozent der insgesamt 65,3 Millionen Zwangsmigrierten von Ländern der Region Asien-Pazifik aufgenommen, wobei die Mehrheit (53 Prozent) aus drei Ländern stammt- Somalia, Afghanistan und Syrien (UNHCR 2017). Die Art und Weise, in der die ASEAN auf diese Trends reagiert, hängt vor allem vom Engagement der einzelnen Mitgliedstaaten und der geteilten Verantwortung ab, die Region zu einem Ort zu machen sollten, den alle Heimat nennen können.

Dieser Artikel versucht zu erörtern, wie die ASEAN sicherstellen könnte, dass ihre regionalen Integrationsbemühungen tatsächlich „inklusiv“ sind und Zwangsmigrierten in der Region eine bessere Zukunft garantieren. Er untersucht auch, welche Verpflichtungen die ASEAN und ihre Mitgliedstaaten in der Vergangenheit eingegangen sind.

In welchem Maße haben die bisherigen Erfahrungen die regionale Gruppierung und ihre Mitgliedstaaten dahingehend beeinflusst, die gegenwärtige Situation der erzwungenen Migration anzupacken? Wichtiger: Wie können die ASEAN und ihre Mitgliedstaaten zukünftig am besten auf die Situation der erzwungenen Migration reagieren?

Der regionale Ansatz für den Umgang mit Geflüchteten aus Indochina

Der regionale Ansatz für den Umgang mit einem massiven Zustrom von unfreiwilligen Migrantinnen und Migranten innerhalb der Region Südostasien ist kein neues Phänomen. Die Gründungsmitglieder der ASEAN, nämlich Indonesien, Malaysia, die Philippinen, Singapur und Thailand, waren in den späten 1970er Jahren Asylländer für fast eine halbe Million Geflüchtete aus Indochina, und dies war bis in die frühen 1990er Jahre weiterhin der Fall.

Jeder Mitgliedstaat hatte seine geteilte Verantwortung. Malaysia, Thailand und Indonesien spielten die führende Rolle, indem sie mehr Räume und Möglichkeiten für vorübergehenden Schutz für die Geflüchteten aus Indochina zur Verfügung stellen, bevor sie in Drittstaaten umgesiedelt oder in ihre Heimat zurückgeführt wurden.

Trotz Platzbeschränkungen verpflichtete sich Singapur 1979, etwa 900 Geflüchtete aufzunehmen, und 1982 weitere 480 (UNHCR 2017). Trotz ihrer abgelegenen Lage gelang es den Philippinen in ähnlicher Weise, 1979 5.300 Geflüchteten Asyl zu gewähren, und diese Zahl hat sich 1980 auf 20.300 fast vervierfacht (UNHCR 2017).

Diese Verpflichtung wurde nicht eingegangen, ohne die Risiken und Konsequenzen für die ASEAN oder ihre Mitgliedstaaten in der Zukunft zu erkennen. Die ASEAN hat bestätigt, dass eine solche Verpflichtung einen Präzedenzfall schaffen würde und dass sie letztlich als „Magnet für Geflüchtete“ fungieren würde, der immer mehr Asylsuchende anziehen würde.

Die einzelnen Mitgliedstaaten befürchteten ebenfalls, dass eine solche Verpflichtung weitere soziale Probleme in ihren Ländern schaffen würde. Behörden würden mit den ökonomischen Kosten und dem Verwaltungsaufwand konfrontiert, die der Umgang mit dem Zustrom an Geflüchteten und die Koordination der humanitären Hilfe seitens internationaler Organisationen mit sich brächte (Suhrke 1980).

Trotz zahlreicher Zweifel zeigte der gemeinsame Entschluss, Geflüchteten aus Indochina zeitlich befristet Asyl zu gewähren, die Haltung der ASEAN und ihre positive Reaktion auf die komplexe und in hohem Maße politisierte Situation der Geflüchteten in der Region.  Drei Feststellungen könnten besser erklären, warum ein solches Engagement von den späten 1970er Jahren bis zu den frühen 1990er Jahren erfolgreich war, aber gegenwärtig nicht notwendigerweise wiederholt werden kann.

Der Umgang mit erzwungener Migration in der Vergangenheit

Erstens gab es damals eine größere internationale Reaktion und Verpflichtung von Drittstaaten, etwa den USA, und internationale Organisationen waren in der Lage, die Belastung der Erstasylländer in der ASEAN zu senken, indem sie Geflüchtete zügig umsiedelten und erhebliche finanzielle Unterstützung leisteten.

Beispielsweise wurde die monatliche Umsiedlungsquote in Drittländer im Zeitraum 1979 bis 1980 auf 23.000 Antragstellerinnen und Antragsteller erhöht, wovon zwei Drittel von den USA aufgenommen wurden. Auf der finanziellen Seite haben internationale Organisationen in den sechs Monaten von Oktober 1979 bis März 1980 etwa 100 Millionen US-Dollar für die Geflüchteten in Thailand ausgegeben, während der UNHCR Malaysia etwa 30 Millionen US-Dollar zur Verfügung stellte (Suhrke 1980).

Da die USA sowie internationale und zwischenstaatliche Organisationen Verpflichtungen eingingen, sank die Zahl der vorübergehend in ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten untergekommenen Geflüchteten rapide, wie auch die dadurch entstehenden Kosten für die Asylländer.

Zweitens war Vietnam (das Land, aus dem die Mehrheit der Geflüchteten aus Indochina stammten) bis 1995 kein Mitglied der ASEAN. Daher war die kollektive Verpflichtung der ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten, Geflüchteten aus Indochina vorübergehend Schutz zu gewähren, mit dem ASEAN-Prinzip der Nichteinmischung nicht unvereinbar.

Drittens: hinter der Bereitschaft von ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten, das Risiko einzugehen und die geteilte Verantwortung zu übernehmen, vorübergehenden Schutz zu bieten, war die Absicht, eine gute Beziehung zu den USA zu pflegen, mit dem sehr klaren Ziel, ein Gegengewicht zum wachsenden Einfluss von China und der Sowjetunion in der Region zu bilden.

Dies sind die drei Faktoren, die in der Vergangenheit halfen, die kollektive Antwort der ASEAN und ihrer Mitgliedstaaten beim Umgang mit erzwungener Migration zu stärken.

Eine regelbasierte Verpflichtung im Zeitalter der Unsicherheit

Die heutige ASEAN besteht aus zehn Mitgliedstaaten, darunter Länder, aus denen Menschen geflüchtet waren, etwa Kambodscha, die Volksrepublik Laos, Myanmar und Vietnam. Führungspersönlichkeiten der zehn ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten kamen 2007 in Singapur zusammen, um ihre kollektiven Integrationsbemühungen weiter zu stärken. Dabei bezeugten sie die Schaffung der ASEAN-Charta und unterzeichneten sie, wodurch sie ein rechtlich verbindliches Dokument für die regionale Gruppierung wurde.

Zweifellos ist die Schaffung der ASEAN-Charta eine Manifestation einer erneuten politischen Verpflichtung, den gemeinschaftsbildenden Prozess zu fördern.

Die Charta bereitete außerdem den Weg für die erweiterten Rollen und Aufträge der ASEAN-Außenministerinnen und Außenminister und die Bildung neuer ASEAN-Gremien im Zusammenhang mit Menschenrechten, darunter die ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR, Zwischenstaatliche ASEAN-Menschenrechtskommission) und die ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC, ASEAN-Kommission für die Förderung und den Schutz der Rechte von Frauen und Kindern).

Diese regionalen Menschenrechtsinstitutionen sollen die Rechte von Bürgerinnen und Bürger der ASEAN in Übereinstimmung mit der ASEAN Human Rights Declaration (AHRD, ASEAN-Erklärung der Menschenrechte), der ASEAN-Charta und der Allgemeinen Erklärung der Menschenrechte fördern und schützen. Anders als in der Charter der Grundrechte der Europäischen Union werden in keinem dieser Schlüsseldokumente der ASEAN, einschließlich der ASEAN-Charta und der AHRD, die Begriffe „Geflüchtete“, „Asylsuchende“ oder „Zwangsmigrierte“ erwähnt.

Dies liegt daran, dass Kambodscha (1992) und die Philippinen (1981) als einzige Mitgliedstaaten die Flüchtlingskonvention von 1951 und das dazugehörige Protokoll von 1967 ratifiziert haben. Die übrigen Mitgliedstaaten haben die Konvention nicht ratifiziert, und es besteht kein Anhaltspunkt für ihre Absicht, dies zu tun.

In Staaten, die der Flüchtlingskonvention von 1951 nicht beigetreten sind, u.a. Thailand, Malaysia und Indonesien, wird der Begriff „Geflüchtete“ bzw. „Geflüchteter“ in nationalen Gesetzen, Politiken und Verwaltungsverfahren nicht offiziell anerkannt oder erwähnt.

Abgesehen vom mangelnden kollektiven politischen Engagement der regionalen Gruppierung bestehen weitere Punkte, die die mangelnde Bereitschaft einzelner Mitgliedstaaten besser erklären könnten, hinsichtlich des Umgangs mit der erzwungenen Migration in der Region eine rechtlich verbindliche Verpflichtung einzugehen.

Gründe für mangelnde Aufnahmebereitschaft

Erstens haben neu entstehende und komplexe Sicherheitsgefährdungen in der Zeit nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges stark zugenommen und dabei Staaten und Gesellschaften geschwächt und transnationalen Sicherheitsrisiken ausgesetzt. Dazu gehören Bedrohungen, die von Terrorismus und Militanz ausgehen, das Schmuggeln atypischer Immigrantinnen und Immigranten, Menschenhandel sowie Drogen- und Waffenschmuggel – die alle im weiteren Zusammenhang mit den Fluchtbewegungen in der Region stehen.

Die komplexe Natur dieser Bedrohungen veranlasste ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten, übermäßig viel Wert auf Schutz zu legen. In der Folge waren sie nicht bereit, eine regelbasierte Verpflichtung bezüglich des Umgangs mit unfreiwilligen Migrantinnen und Migranten einzugehen.

Mitgliedstaaten, darunter Thailand, Malaysia und Indonesien, behaupteten jedoch, dass sie trotz des Fehlens einer rechtlich verbindlichen Verpflichtung Geflüchteten minimalen Schutz gewähren würden, einschließlich, aus humanitären Gründen, der Beachtung des Prinzips der Nicht-Zurückweisung.

Zweitens entstanden neue Trends der erzwungenen Migration, insbesondere aus anderen Regionen und Kontinenten in ASEAN-Länder, in der Zeit nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges. Obwohl die Anzahl Menschen, die in ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten Zuflucht suchten, von 1980 (437.530) bis 2015 (284.949) um fast die Hälfte zurückging (UNHCR 2017), ist die Vielfalt an Nationalitäten heute größer als je zuvor.

Beispielsweise ist Malaysia heute Asylland für unfreiwillige Migrantinnen und Migranten aus Angola, Burundi, Bhutan, der Zentralfrikanischen Republik, Kamerun, der Demokratischen Republik Kongo, Algerien, Guinea, Äthiopien, dem Iran, dem Irak, Kenia, Kuwait, Ruanda und dem Senegal (neben Myanmar) (UNHCR 2017).

Ähnliche Trends der erzwungenen Migration waren in Thailand und Indonesien mit einer verglichen mit den 1990er Jahren größeren Zahl verschiedener Nationalitäten zu verzeichnen. Von den insgesamt 284.949 registrierten Geflüchteten in den ASEAN-Mitgliedstaaten sind etwa 11,3 Prozent (32.127) aus Nicht-ASEAN-Staaten, wobei die Mehrheit aus den Regionen Westasien, Südasien und bestimmten Regionen Afrikas stammt.

Dies deutet darauf hin, dass die Bevölkerungsgruppe der unfreiwilligen Migrantinnen und Migranten wahrscheinlich die schwierigste Herausforderung für die regionale Gruppierung in der Zukunft sein wird.

Für Zwangsmigrierte eine bessere Zukunft schaffen

In dieser Zeit der geopolitischen Unsicherheit, der ungleichen Entwicklung und der tiefgreifenden Ungleichheit können weder die Vergangenheit noch die gegenwärtige Situation die Zukunft Geflüchteten in der Region voraussagen. Die beste Möglichkeit, die Zukunft Zwangsmigrierter in der Region vorherzusagen ist, sie selbst zu schaffen.

Um jedoch eine bessere Zukunft zu schaffen, sind seitens der ASEAN und ihrer einzelnen Mitgliedstaaten starke Führung, politische Entschlossenheit, eine Bereitschaft zur Lastenteilung sowie Schutzverantwortung erforderlich.

Eine konkrete regionale Verpflichtung, auf die erzwungene Migration zu reagieren, kann nur erreicht werden, wenn die Mehrheit der einzelnen Mitgliedstaaten über eine klare Position sowie Engagement auf der nationalen Ebene verfügen. Dies ist allerdings in der ASEAN bislang nicht der Fall.

Einzelne Mitgliedstaaten, insbesondere Länder wie Thailand, Malaysia und Indonesien, in denen die meisten Geflüchteten leben, sollten eine führende Rolle spielen, indem sie ihren humanitären Ansatz in eine rechtlich verbindliche Verpflichtung transformieren, um die unfreiwilligen Migrantinnen und Migranten konkret und dauerhaft zu schützen.

Die Angst vor den unbekannten Konsequenzen einer rechtlich verbindlichen Verpflichtung sollte Länder nicht davon abhalten, die Flüchtlingskonvention von 1951 zu ratifizieren, da die Motive der erzwungenen Migration nicht durch den Ratifizierungsstatus eines Mitgliedstaats bestimmt werden.

Beispielsweise hat Malaysia die Flüchtlingskonvention von 1951 noch nicht ratifiziert und erkennt keine Geflüchteten im Land an, aber die Zahl der Asylsuchenden ist von 2000 bis 2015 erheblich gestiegen: von 5.412 auf 154.486 (UNHCR 2017).

Dies legt den Schluss nahe, dass die Korrelation zwischen dem Ratifizierungsstatus eines Landes hinsichtlich der Flüchtlingskonvention von 1951 und dem Phänomen, in der Region ein „Magnet für Geflüchtete“ zu sein, schwach ist.

Geographische Faktoren, die Möglichkeit, von verschiedenen wirtschaftlichen Aktivitäten zu profitieren, etwa dem informellen Arbeitsmarkt in Malaysia, Thailand und Indonesien, und der minimale Schutz für Geflüchtete haben zusammengenommen als Pull-Faktoren fungiert, die es für Asylsuchende attraktiv machte, in den jeweiligen Ländern Schutz zu suchen, sogar ohne rechtlich verbindliche Verpflichtung.

Motive hinter der erzwungenen Migration

Die ASEAN und ihre Mitgliedstaaten sollten auch die Motive (Push-Faktoren) hinter der erzwungenen Migration anerkennen, wobei Geflüchtete gezwungen werden, ihr Heimatland auf der Suche nach internationalem Schutz zu verlassen und dabei über wenige Optionen verfügen.

Unter solchen Umständen werden Geflüchtete einen Weg finden, diese Länder zu erreichen. Dabei riskieren sie ihr Leben, indem sie sich von gleichgültigen Dritten schmuggeln lassen, die den Mangel an Integrität unter gewissen Mitgliedern des Kontrollpersonals ausnutzen.

Auf nationaler Ebene sollten einzelne Mitgliedstaaten den Zugang zur Justiz und zu Verwaltungsverfahren stärken und dabei gewährleisten, dass jede und jeder Einzelne der unfreiwilligen Migrantinnen und Migranten den gleichen Zugang zu Grundbedürfnissen und Rechten im Asylprozess haben.

Mitglieder zivilgesellschaftlicher Organisationen, u.a. medizinischer, religiöser und humanitärer Organisationen, sollten die erforderliche finanzielle Unterstützung und Hilfe erhalten, die ihnen ermöglichen, ihre Aufgaben effizient zu erfüllen. Die relevanten Behörden sollten mit den Mitgliedern der Organisationen Hand in Hand zusammenarbeiten, um mit Geflüchteten in Kontakt zu treten und die notwendige Hilfe anzubieten.

Die Bereitschaft einzelner Mitgliedstaaten, diese Verpflichtungen einzugehen, würde andere Mitgliedstaaten beeinflussen, dasselbe zu tun. Dies ist daran zu erkennen, dass die Regierungen von Indonesien, Malaysia und Thailand in Reaktion auf die Rohingya-Krise Ende 2016 miteinander konkurrierten, ohne sich dessen bewusst zu sein.

Ein wenig diplomatische Rivalität kann zwar nicht schaden, sie führt jedoch in keinem der drei Länder zu konkreten Verpflichtungen auf nationaler Ebene. Welche Rolle sollte die regionale Gruppierung angesichts des Mangels an nationaler Verpflichtung durch die einzelnen Mitgliedstaaten spielen?

Die ASEAN hat 2009 ihre regionale Menschenrechtsinstitution, die AICHR, mit dem übergreifenden Mandat etabliert, die Menschenrechte zu fördern und zu schützen. Die AHRD schreibt in Artikel 16 der ASEAN und ihren Mitgliedstaaten die Verpflichtung vor, das Recht auf Asyl zu gewährleisten. Die AICHR ist gut dafür aufgestellt, ihr Mandat zur Entwicklung einer regionalen Strategie einzusetzen, die die Mitgliedstaaten zur Ratifizierung der Flüchtlingskonvention von 1951 ermutigt.

Dies würde ihre Verpflichtung stärken, gegenüber geflüchteten das Recht auf Asyl zu garantieren. Als jährlich tagendes Organ der ASEAN sollte die AICHR eine ständige Agenda zu erzwungener Migration einrichten, die in ihr Schwerpunktprogramm und Fünfjahresarbeitsplan eingebunden wird.

Strategische Kooperationen und Partnerschaften sind gefordert

Die Zunahme von Nicht-ASEAN-Geflüchteten in der Region deutet darauf hin, dass es sich nicht mehr um eine intraregionale Angelegenheit handelt, die ausschließlich mit internen Mitteln gelöst werden kann.

Da die ASEAN und die AICHR die übergreifenden regionalen Menschenrechtsorgane sind, sollten sie Wege ausloten, mit der Afrikanischen Union, der African Commission on Human & Peoples’ Rights, (ACHPR, Afrikanische Kommission für Menschen- und Völkerrechte) oder der Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC, Organisation für islamische Zusammenarbeit) strategische Kooperationen und Partnerschaften mit dem spezifischen Fokus auf Angelegenheiten der erzwungenen Migration einzurichten.

Neben dem Einsatz des bestehenden regionalen Menschenrechtsmechanismus sollte die ASEAN eine konkretere und nachhaltigere Plattform entwickeln, in der Themen im Zusammenhang mit der erzwungenen Migration jenseits der drei Säulen der ASEAN-Gemeinschaft diskutiert werden können. Die Logik ist einfach.

Erzwungene Migration hat mit politischer Sicherheit, soziokultureller und ökonomischer Integration zu tun. Daher könnte eine vierte Säule der ASEAN-Gemeinschaft etabliert werden, um regionale Lösungen für komplexe Themen wie erzwungene Migration zu diskutieren.

Zusammenfassend ist zu sagen, dass die Zwangsmigrierten mangels Alternative Teil der Gesellschaft in der ASEAN sind, und zwar seit der Krise der Geflüchteten aus Indochina in den späten 1970er Jahren bis hin zur Rohingya-Katastrophe in der jüngsten Zeit. Die unsichere internationale Reaktion, die die Belastung der Asylländer reduzieren soll, zeigt, dass Geflüchtete wahrscheinlich in einer „lang anhaltenden Situation“ sein werden, während sie auf eine definitive Lösung warten.

Während die ASEAN bestrebt ist, ihre regionalen Integrationsbemühungen zu stärken und ihre Zusicherungen umzusetzen, wahrlich inklusiv, auf die Menschen zentriert und an den Menschen orientiert zu sein, müssen die regionalen Gruppierung und ihre Mitgliedstaaten Möglichkeiten anbieten und die Zwangsmigrierten befähigen, Teil dieses regionalen Integrationsprozesses zu sein.

Die wachsende Präsenz von Geflüchteten aus Nicht-ASEAN-Ländern zeigt außerdem die Notwendigkeit auf, diesen Teil der erzwungenen Migration in der regionalen Agenda und den Integrationsinitiativen einzubinden. Die Grundüberlegung dahinter ist, die Geflüchteten besser zu managen und zu integrieren anstatt ihre Anwesenheit im Land zu ignorieren.

Erst dann werden Zwangsmigrierte gleichgültig welcher Nationalität in der Lage sein, eigenständig einen Beitrag zur Gesellschaft des Aufnahmelandes und zur regionalen Integration zu leisten und ihre eigene Zukunft zu schaffen.

 

LITERATUR

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). 2016. ASEAN Statistical Leaflet – Selected Key Indicators 2016. http://asean.org/storage/2012/05/ASEAN_Stats_Leaflet2016_web.pdf, letzter Zugriff: 26. März 2017.

Suhrke, Astri. 1980. Indochinese Refugees: The Impact of First Asylum Countries and Implications for American Policy [A Study Prepared for the Use of the Joint Economic Committee Congress of the United States, November 1980]. https://www.jec.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/1980/12/report-2b9a3aa8-525f-407a-86ba-2e6b4171e90e, letzter Zugriff: 12. März 2017.

Hoher Flüchtlingskommissar der Vereinten Nationen (UNHCR). 2017. Population Statistics, 1979-2015. http://popstats.unhcr.org/en/overview, letzter Zugriff: 23. März 2017.



          Baobab, Source of Senegal Life        

The Baobab: a Source of Life for Senegal  The name “Baobab” comes from the Arabic word that means “father of many seeds.” Nowadays Dakar, The Senegalese capital, is a vibrant port city on a peninsula rich with history, and bustling life. Modern apartment buildings are rising beside the hidden courtyards of traditional villas. Local business people and diplomats lunch at seaside restaurants next…

The post Baobab, Source of Senegal Life appeared first on BFCS.


           - Broken hearts and stifled words: July in Africa        
Suna Venter's broken heart, silencing Sudan's FIFA suspension, the unsolved case of Burundi's Jean Bigirimana, policing police in Zimbabwe and more from Somalia, Senegal, Nigeria and South Sudan.
          Scaling up sexuality education for young people in Senegal        

Almost one-third of the Senegalese population is between 10 and 24 – the age in which most people become sexually active. However, sexuality education is very limited, which makes young people vulnerable to unwanted pregnancies or HIV. Implemented by Oxfam, the Connecting 4 Life program has been conceived to fill this gap through an innovative approach.

Scaling up sexuality education for young people in Senegal

High school students Mamadou Thioye (19), at left, and Aisha* (16). Both are participants in the 'Connecting 4 Life' program.

          Kirim SMS Gratis Menggunakan Gmail Ke Hp Telkomsel dan Indosat        

Kalau Anda penggemar layanan SMS, ada kabar gembira. Mulai hari ini, Anda tidak perlu mengeluarkan uang lagi untuk membeli pulsa sebelum mengirim SMS. Karena dengan Gmail, Anda bisa mengirimkan SMS secara gratis. Memang bukan layanan yang gres, tetapi diperkirakan masih banyak orang yang belum mengetahui tentang layanan ini. Dengan SMS in Chat, pengguna dapat mengirim dan menerima SMS dari akun Gmail.



Awalnya, layanan nilai tambah ini hanya bisa dipakai untuk nomor-nomor Amerika Serikat (+1) saja. Tetapi, baru-baru ini Google membukanya di sejumlah negara, termasuk Indonesia, Ghana, Israel, Malawi, Nigeria, Zambia, Uganda, Tanzania, Arab Saudi, Senegal, Palestina, hingga Kenya. Di Indonesia, hanya dua operator yang mendukung layanan SMS gratis ini di Indonesia, yaitu Telkomsel dan Indosat. Meski kuotanya dibatasi 50 SMS per hari, Google cukup membantu pelanggan, terlebih lagi bagi yang kerap mengirimkan SMS internasional.

Sebagaimana diketahui, tarif SMS internasional Telkomsel adalah Rp600, sementara Indosat Rp500 per SMS, kecuali seluruh negara di Eropa, Fiji, Papua Nugini, Senegal & Uni Emirat Arab dikenakan biaya Rp1.200 per SMS. Dibandingkan dengan SMS in Chat di Gmail, tentu sangat terasa. Apalagi, setelah 24 jam, kuota SMS akan kembali ke 50.

Instalasinya sangat mudah. Di Gmail, terdapat fitur Google Labs. Di dalamnya, Anda mengaktifkan fitur SMS (text messaging) in Chat dan SMS in Chat gadget dengan mengklik Enable. Jika sudah, geser mouse ke bawah dan klik Save Changes. Instalasi selesai. Di sebelah kiri inbox Gmail Anda akan muncul tabulasi ‘Send SMS’.

Untuk menggunakannya juga mudah. Masukkan nomor tujuan dengan kode negara (misalnya, +62811890xx), kemudian Enter. Anda akan diminta memasukkan detail kontak. Setelah kontak diregistrasi, akan ada pop-up window layaknya Gtalk. Selesai. Anda bisa mengirimkan SMS sepuasnya, maksimal 50 kali dalam sehari. Selamat mencoba!





sumber:http://ruanghati.com/2011/03/30/kirim-sms-gratis-menggunakan-gmail-ke-hp-telkomsel-dan-indosat/

          Esteri di mer 29/06        
1-L'ombra dell'Isis sull'attentato di Istanbul. ..Finora l'organizzazione terroristica non ha mai rivendicato gli attacchi in Turchia. ( testimonianza di Claudio calia, analisi di Alberto Negri sole 24 ore) ..2-Ancora nessuna notifica ufficiale del governo britannica sulla Brexit. Il consiglio europeo da tempo fino a settembre. Dai 27 nessun segnale su un eventuale ..cambio di rotta sull'austerità. ( Chiara Saraceno, Emiliano Brancaccio) ..3-Francia: Il premier Valls incontra i sindacati che protestano contro la riforma del lavoro. Nuove proposte per mettere fine alle tensioni sociali. ..( Simona Saccaro) ..4-” In Messico la scuola è pubblica, laica e gratuita, ed è cosi che vogliamo che rimanga «  ..l'ultima strage degli insegnanti vista dallo scrittore Paco Ignacio Taibo secondo. L'intervista di esteri. ..5-Dakar, la città che cambia. Oggi la seconda puntata del reportage dalla capitale senegalese. ..( Marcello Lorrai) ..6-Progetti sostenibili: le vie delle distillerie per un turismo più responsabile nel Tirolo...( Fabio Fimiani)
          Esteri di ven 10/06        
1- “Qui è una catastrofe. Aiutateci in qualche modo”. A Esteri il racconto di Osama Abo El Ezz, uno dei pochi medici rimasti ad Aleppo, in Siria.2-La lezioni di Parigi: tolleranza e accoglienza, nonostante il Bataclan. Oggi la prima partita degli Europei di calcio (Chawki Senouci).3-La Clinton non convince le donne americane. Nella corsa verso casa bianca oltre a Trump c'è anche l'ostacolo del voto femminile (Simona Saccaro).4-Due elezioni in sei mesi. Tra 15 giorni la Spagna torna al voto...Oggi al via la campagna elettorale. I partiti non hanno cambiato nemmeno le liste (Giulio Maria Piantadosi).5-Dakar, il Senegal che cambia. Prima puntata (Marcello Lorrai).6-L'agricoltura dopo la possibile fusione Bayer-Monsanto. Una voce fondamentale per l'economia mondiale, ma un settore a rischio per l'avidità del grande business (Alfredo Somoza)
          Esteri di ven 26/02        
1-“Combatteremo fino alla fine. Ormai non ci fidiamo più di nessuno”...A poche ore dall'inizio della tregua a Esteri il racconto di un attivista siriano da Aleppo. Molti dubbi sulla tenuta del cessate il fuoco.2-Quando la rotta balcanica si ferma al confine tra Grecia e Macedonia. Atene sta cercando di rallentare il flusso di profughi. Alla frontiera nessuno capisce cosa stia succedendo (Claudio Gherardini, confine Grecia-Macedonia).3-Radicalismo islamico, una minaccia per il Senegal...Negli cinque mesi i primi arresti con l'accusa di terrorismo internazionale...Il reportage di Lorenzo Bagnoli da Dakar. 4-La Spagna non avrà un governo di sinistra. Saltata l'intesa tra socialisti e Podemos. A due mesi dal voto possibile il ricorso a nuove elezioni (Giulio Maria Piantadosi, Madrid).5-Samba triste. A pochi mesi dalle Olimpiadi di Rio in Brasile c'è poco da festeggiare. Corruzione e povertà ancora problemi endemici (Alfredo Somoza)
          Esteri di lun 22/02        
1-La brexit secondo Boris Johnson. Il sindaco di Londra sarà decisivo nella campagna che porterà al referendum del prossimo giugno (Daniele Fisichella)...2-“Se i paesi europei si assumessero le loro responsabilità sull'immigrazione ci sarebbero molti meno problemi”. Il racconto di Luciano Griso un medico che lavora al corridoio umanitario tra Italia e Libano organizzato dalla Comunità di Sant'Egidio e dalla Federazione delle Chiese Evangeliche.3-Quando il petrolio fa dialogare anche i peggiori nemici. Il calo del prezzo del greggio constringe Iran e Arabia Saudita a cooperare, almeno in campo energetico (Pejman Abdolmohammadi, London School of Econòmics e John Cabot University di Roma).4-Senegal, il maxi-processo per la terra. La prossima settimana la sentenza nel caso Senhuile-Senethanol (Lorenzo Bagnoli).5-Futuro difficile per la FIFA, anche nel dopo-Blatter. Venerdì l'elezione del suo successore (Dario Falcini e Andrew Jennings).6-Serie TV. Questa notte terminerà X-Files, la storica serie TV sul soprannaturale riproposta con nuovi episodi a 16 anni dalla conclusione (Massimo Alberti)
          Esteri di lun 30/11        
1-Cop 21: ” quello che è in gioco è la pace “. Hollande chiede un accordo vincolante sui cambiamenti climatici...“ Bisogna agire ora, mettendo da parte gli interessi di breve termine" è l'appello di Barack Obama. Lo speciale di Esteri con la diretta da Parigi, rassegna stampa e analisi. ( Francesco Giorgini, Fabio Fimiani, Gabriele Battaglia, editoriale di Libération ) ..2.” cristiani e musulmani sono fratelli”: Papa Francesco nella grande moschea di Bangui per fermare la guerra civile in Centrafrica. ( Raffaele Masto ) 3-Terre agricole: in Senegal le miniere dei fosfati una minaccia per la salute dei contadini e per l'agricoltura. ( Marta Gatti) ..5-Rubrica sportiva: Kobe Bryant si ritira a fine stagione.La stella dei Lakers l'ha annunciato con una lettera aperta al basket.(Dario Falcini) ..
          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauAfrica is the second-largest continent in the world.Here is the list of 55 countries in Africa and their capitals.
Africa
Africa






S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Algeria
Algiers
2.
Angola
Luanda
3.
Benin
Porto-Novo
4.
Botswana
Gaborone
5.
Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
6.
Burundi
Bujumbura
7.
Cameroon
Yaoundé
8.
Cape Verde
Praia
9.
The Central African Republic
Bangui
10.
The Comoros
Moroni
11.
Cote d'Ivoire
Yamoussoukro
12.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kinshasa
13.
Djibouti
Djibouti
14.
Egypt
Cairo
16.
Equatorial Guinea
Malabo
17.
Eritrea
Asmara
18.
Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
19.
Gabon
Libreville
20.
The Gambia
Banjul
21.
Ghana
Accra
22.
Guinea
Conakry
23.
Guinea-Bissau
Bissau
24.
Chad
N'Djamena
25.
Kenya
Nairobi
26.
Lesotho
Maseru
27.
Liberia
Monrovia
28.
Libya
Tripoli
29.
Madagascar
Antananarivo
30.
Malawi
Lilongwe

31.
Mali
Bamako
32.
Mauritania
Nouakchott
33.
Mauritius
Port Louis
34.
Morocco
Rabat
35.
Mozambique
Maputo
36.
Namibia
Windhoek
37.
Niger
Niamey
38.
Nigeria
Abuja
39.
The Republic of the Congo
Brazzaville
40.
Rwanda
Kigali
41.
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé


42.
Senegal
Dakar
43.
The Seychelles
Victoria
44.
Sierra Leone
Freetown
45.
Somalia
Mogadishu
46.
South Africa
Pretoria
47.
Sudan
Khartoum
48.
Swaziland
Mbabane
49.
Tanzania
Dodoma
50.
Togo
Lomé
51.
Tunisia
Tunis
52.
Uganda
Kampala
53.
Western Sahara
Laayoune
54.
Zambia
Lusaka
55.
Zimbabwe
Harare

          Esteri di gio 22/10        
1-Euro crisi: la Bce prepara a dicembre ..l'ampliamento del Quantitive Easing...( Il punto di esteri con Alfredo di Stefano ) ..2-” le mie prime misure da sindaca di Barcellona” ..oggi la seconda parte dell'intervista a Ada Colau..( Intervista a cura di Diana Santini) 3-Week end di elezioni in tutto il mondo. Oggi focus sull'Africa. Il servizio di Raffaele Masto ..sulla Tanzania. ..4-Niente più golf né banchetti stravaganti. Il partito comunista cinese invia ai suoi 88 milioni di iscritti il manuale contro la corruzione. ( Gabriele Battaglia ) 5-World Music: dal Senegal, Amara Touré, un pioniere dell'Afro cubano. ( Marcello Lorrai) ..6-Romanzo a fumetti: deadly class la graphic novell di Rick Remender ( Maurizio Principato) ..
          Things You Didn't Know About Cape Verde        

Cape Verde has always been a favourite holiday destination to Americans but now, the picturesque archipelago is welcoming more nationalities to its shores, including British soap stars and reality show celebrities.

Here we take a closer look at Cape Verde and reveal some little known facts about these Atlantic isles just off the coast of Senegal.

Cape Verde gained independence from Portugal on July 5th 1975. During World War II Winston Churchill had planned to invade Cape Verde although the invasion was cancelled at the last minute. Cape Verde belongs to the Macronesia group of islands which also includes the Canaries and the Azores. The archipelago is a marine extension of the Sahara with hot winds known as 'harmattandry' carrying brown dust that blasts the islands during October to June each year. It is illegal to capture turtles between June and February. Only a tenth of the land of Cape Verde is suitable for agriculture. There is one goat for every two people on the islands. Italian dictator Benito Mussolini bought the rights to build an airport on Cape Verde's island of Sal, as he needed to refuel his aircraft on the flights between Europe and South America. Portugal bought the airport back off him in 1945. Cape Verde's island of Boa Vista (meaning ' beautiful view ') was used as a leper colony in the 1400's for more affluent Europeans. Charles Darwin studied flora and fauna in Cape Verde in 1832. In 1933 aviators Charles and Anne Morrow Lindburgh landed at Praia in Cape Verde whilst attempting to circumnavigate the north Atlantic. The official name of the country is Republic of Cape Verde and the currency unit is Cape Verdean escudos. The archipelago contains a cluster of 10 islands that form a horseshoe-shape and the combined area they cover is a little more than 4,000 square kilometres. Ethnicities in Cape Verde are 71% Creole (mulatto), 28% African and 1% European. Languages spoken in Cape Verde are Portuguese and Criuolo. Cape Verde has an exotic unique Creole culture which has absorbed influences from Brazil, Portugal and musical vibes from Senegal. Cape Verde enjoys a temperate climate with warm, dry summers and little rain through the year. The religion in the country is mainly Roman Catholic infused with indigenous beliefs and Protestant.

 


Article by +https://plus.google.com/104516603036446499629?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Esteri di mar 27/05        
1-Donetsk, nuovo epicentro della crisi ucraina. L'esercito riprende il controllo dell'aeroporto ma rimane intatta la questione russofona. ..( Michela Sechi, Emanuele Valenti più , testimonianza da Donetsk) ..2-A Bruxelles primo vertice europeo post elezioni...Sul tavolo la nomina del nuovo presidente della commissione. ( Alessandro Principe ) 3-Francia, esulta nuovamente il fronte nazionale: nell'Ump di sarkozy è iniziata la resa dei conti. Oggi si è dimesso il segretario Copé al centro dello scandalo delle fatture fittizie. ( Francesco Giorgini) 4-India – Pakistan, prove di dialogo. ..incontro storico Modi-Sharif ( Diana Santini, Simona Vittorini ) ..5-Egitto: secondo e ultimo giorno delle presidenziali ..la bassa affluenza è uno smacco per il generale Al Sisi. ( Laura Cappon) ..6-contro l'accaparamento delle terre agricole, ..rilanciata la campagna “ Land for Senegal”. ..( Marta Gatti “ mabele la terra sotto i piedi ) ..7--Basket, le ultime dalla Nba. ( Dario Falcini) ..
          Esteri di gio 06/03        
1-Ucraina a rischio frammentazione: Referendum in Crimea il 16 marzo. A Bruxelles i 28 divisi sulle sanzioni alla Russia. 2-Chi ha ordinato il massacro di Maidan ? ..La strana telefonata tra la Ashton e il ministro degli esteri estone...3-Egitto : si amplifica il movimento di protesta dei lavoratori. Tra le rivendicazioni dei sindacati l'aumento del salario minimo. ..4-Area libero scambio Usa- Ue: in gioco il commercio, la legalità e sopratttutto la democrazia. ( Alfredo Somoza) ..5-Land grabbing italiano in Senegal. Petizione internazionale per salvare 37 vilaggi e 9 mila persone. ..( Marta Gatti) ..6-Le recensioni di Vincenzo Mantovani: Stato di legittima difesa. Obama e la filosofia della guerra al terrorismo, di Simone Regazzoni. Esteri torna il 10 marzo !!!!
          Esteri di mar 19/11        
1-Il conflitto siriano sbarca di nuovo a beirut. Attentati contro l'ambasciata iraniana. ..2-Burak Karan, dall'U17 alla Jihad. La storia del giovane centrocampista tedesco di origine turca ucciso in siria. ..3-Cile, ritorno sul voto di domenica...4-Nokia, la fine del telefonino europeo. ..5-Il mondo delle applicazioni: tutto su Jfk ( Luca Gattuso) ..6-Land grabbing: il coinvolgimento dell'Italia ..in Senegal ( Marta Gatti) ..........
          WHITHER THE WOOLLY CHEETAH?        

The only known illustration of a woolly cheetah (Public domain)

Nowadays, the once-obscure, elusive king cheetah, a mutant morph of the normal cheetah Acinonyx jubatusfamously adorned with an ornate patterning of stripes and blotches very different from the latter species' polka-dotted wild-type counterpart, is enjoying a well-earned scientific renaissance.

In marked contrast, however, a second, equally eyecatching cheetah form seems to have vanished without trace into the mists of scientific anonymity, after only the briefest of spells in the zoological limelight.

A king cheetah, famed for its exquisite and very elaborate markings, produced by a mutant gene allele (© Steve Jurvetson/Wikipedia – CC BY 2.0 licence)

On 19 June 1877, Philip L. Sclater, longstanding secretary of the Zoological Society of London, recorded in its Proceedings (i.e. the PZSL) the acquisition by London Zoo of a most unusual cat - male and apparently not fully grown - which he described as follows:

It presents generally the appearance of a cheetah (Felis jubatus) [the cheetah's old scientific name], but is thicker in the body, and has shorter and stouter limbs, and a much thicker tail. When adult it will probably be considerably larger than the Cheetah, and is larger even now than our three specimens of that animal. The fur is much more woolly and dense than in the Cheetah, as is particularly noticeable on the ears, mane and tail. The whole of the body is of a pale isabelline colour, rather paler on the belly and lower parts, but covered all over, including the belly, with roundish dark fulvous blotches. There are no traces of the black spots which are so conspicuous in all of the varieties of the Cheetah which I have seen, nor of the characteristic black line between the mouth and eye.

Evidently this brown-blotched felid appeared very different from the usual form - to the extent that Sclater stated that it was impossible to associate it with this. Instead, he proposed for it the temporary name of Felis lanea, the woolly cheetah. It had been obtained from Beaufort West, South Africa, and, as Sclater himself remarked: "It is difficult to understand how such a distinct animal can have so long escaped the observations of naturalists".

One other matter is also difficult to understand, and remains a source of confusion concerning this mystery cat. Sclater referred to its markings as 'blotches', but in the illustration that accompanied this report, the creature was depicted with numerous tiny spots!

The PZSL 1877 chromolithograph of the woolly cheetah that accompanied Sclater's report of it (Public domain)

A year later, on 18 June 1878, Sclater noted in the Society's Proceedings that he had received a letter from a Mr E.L. Layard, informing him that a second woolly cheetah was currently preserved in the South African Museum. Like the first, it had been procured from Beaufort West. It had been killed by Arthur V. Jackson who, like Layard himself, assumed that it was an erythristic (abnormally red) variant of the normal cheetah. At the end of this item, in answer to an enquiry by Layard, Sclater recorded that the claws of the London Zoo specimen were non-retractile.

Sharing Sclater's own bewilderment as to how so large and unusual an animal could have evaded scientific detection until then, many zoologists had grave reservations concerning his optimism that the woolly cheetah constituted a totally separate species. In 1881, English biologist Dr St George J. Mivart commented that the noted American zoologist Prof. Daniel G. Elliot regarded this felid simply as a variety of the known cheetah species (curiously, Mivart ascribed the presence of a stripe to one side – but not both sides – of the woolly cheetah's muzzle when describing this feline form in his book The Cat, a feature not mentioned by Sclater, and in any event highly abnormal, thereby confusing the issue even further).

Dramatis personae in the woolly cheetah saga: Philip L. Sclater (public domain), Dr St George J. Mivart (Wellcome Images/Wikipedia – CC BY 4.0 licence), and Prof. Daniel G. Elliot (public domain)

By then, London Zoo's specimen had died, and Elliot's opinion received support from the discovery by eminent mammalogist Oldfield Thomas of the then British Museum (Natural History) – now known as the Natural History Museum – that this cat's skull did not differ from that of any other cheetah.

On 4 November 1884, Sclater recorded in the PZSL a woolly cheetah skin sent to him by the Reverend G. Fisk, again obtained from Beaufort West. In comparison with the zoo specimen, this example was more distinctly spotted, less densely furred, and rather smaller in size. Reverend Fisk believed that these differences were due to the specimen being a female, an explanation accepted by Sclater, who felt that this new skin consolidated his opinion concerning the woolly cheetah's separate status. The rest of the scientific world, conversely, remained unconvinced, so that since then it has been regarded as merely an unusual variant of the typical cheetah species.

A normal, polka-dotted cheetah (public domain)

The woolly cheetah may indeed be nothing more surprising than an atypical colour morph – perhaps a partial albino, as suggested by king cheetah researcher Lena Bottriell and felid geneticist Roy Robinson, or an erythristic version, as opined by Jackson and Layard. At the same time, Sclater's more radical views can also be appreciated, because this cat form differs from the typical cheetah not only in colour and markings but also in fur density and even in relative limb length. Simple colour variants do not generally exhibit such pronounced differences as these from normal individuals of the same species. Its shorter limbs suggest a non-cursorial life - could it possibly have been a forest form?

It is worth noting that a 'lion-like forest cheetah' known as the kitanga was described in the 20th Century's early years to Major G. St J. Orde-Brown by the Embu natives of south-eastern Kenya (as recorded by Kenneth C. Gandar Dower in his book The Spotted Lion, 1937,  chronicling Dower's own searches for another of Africa's mystery cats, the elusive marozi). Moreover, according to correspondent Owen Burnham who lived there for many years, a comparable felid has occasionally been reported from the little-explored forests of Senegal, West Africa, where this region's subspecies of the typical cheetah, A. j. hecki, is extremely rare.

A pair of marozis or spotted lions (© William M. Rebsamen)

The possibility of a cheetah form becoming modified for life in this type of habitat is by no means implausible. On the contrary, even the normal spotted form is not an exclusive denizen of the savannahs. This was well demonstrated in March 1983, when Lise Campbell spied a single cheetah at a height of 2.5 miles in the vicinity of the Sirimon Track in the moorland zone of Mount Kenya. She had a second sighting later that day of what may have been the same animal, even higher, amidst the tufted high-altitude grass, and documented her observations in an East African Natural History Society Bulletincommunication (May-June 1983).

As for the woolly cheetah: according to mammalogists Daphne Hills and Dr Reay Smithers in their Arnoldia Zimbabwe paper of 1980 (concerning the king cheetah), this odd form no longer occurs in Beaufort West. Presumably, therefore, it is extinct, and the chance to investigate further its precise taxonomic status similarly lost. Or is it? The Natural History Museum owns the skin of London Zoo's specimen – so now, with the ever-advancing techniques of DNA-based genetic analyses readily available to researchers, perhaps it may be possible to carry out some such tests upon small samples of this skin and finally reveal the precise genetic identity of the mystifying woolly cheetah.


This ShukerNature blog article is excerpted and expanded from my book Mystery Cats of the World.







          Can Barrow deliver on the promise of a “New Gambia”?        

The Gambia’s new president, Adama Barrow, received a hero’s welcome when he returned to Banjul after his makeshift inauguration in neighbouring Senegal at the end of January.

Tens of thousands of well-wishers came out to rejoice at the democratic victory that ended more than two decades of rule by autocrat Yahya Jammeh.

Barrow and his coalition government are riding high on a wave of popularity. But they have major challenges ahead in reforming a country that effectively has to be rebuilt from scratch within a self-imposed three-year term.

If the honeymoon period is to last, their first test is to prove to the nation that “New Gambia” really is a different country.

Great expectations

“We have got to start on the right footing,” said Sait Matty Jaw, a Gambian PhD student who went into exile in Norway after being arrested and imprisoned in 2014 for his human rights work. “Everything under Jammeh’s regime was tailor-made to suit his interests, so for us to move forward, the government has to show it is different from the former regime.”

After 22 years of not being allowed to criticise the government, Gambians – especially the younger generation of educated professionals that played a major role in pushing for political change – are already scrutinising the new administration.

For some, Barrow’s cabinet announcements last week carried disappointing echoes of the old ways of appointing: entitlement over merit.

Out of the 11 filled posts (there are seven remaining), each of the seven parties that form the coalition got a major post, while Barrow’s United Democratic Party got three. One blog suggested he had chosen a “cabinet that attempts to reward and preserve the coalition that brought him to power”.

“The potential for patronage is still there,” noted Jeggan Grey-Johnson, a Gambian who works for the Open Society Initiative of Southern Africa and hopes to play an active role in the reform process.

“Barrow doesn’t (yet) have the experience and gravitas as a politician, and those surrounding him have 10 times the amount of authority, so he will have to defer to their competing interests.”

The cabinet is old (the average age is above 60) and predominantly male, and that demographic has also come in for criticism.

“They may have the wisdom, but they lack the dynamism required to deal with the modern challenges of the Gambian youth population,” argued Salieu Taal, a lawyer and founder of the #GambiaHasDecided opposition umbrella movement.

New Gambian President Adama Barrow
Jason Florio/IRIN

Youth power

It is the younger generation that has been the driving force behind political change, voting in unprecedented numbers in the 2016 election. It is no surprise they want to make sure their voices are heard and represented in government after decades of repression.

Last week, youth groups staged the country’s first peaceful demonstration without worry of harassment by the authorities. Around 1,000 youths protested outside the National Assembly, calling for all members of parliament that supported Jammeh’s motion for a state of emergency to resign.

The National Youth Council is also launching the Not2Young2Run campaign to encourage and support young people in contesting for parliament in the National Assembly elections in April.

The coalition government has already made clear it is a transitional administration with the primary goal of righting the wrongs perpetrated under Jammeh.

Speaking before he was appointed as foreign minister, Ousainou Darboe, a former opposition leader, acknowledged that three years was too short a time to repair all the damage, but said “the foundations will have been laid”.

So far, the government has not shared any kind of roadmap for what it specifically aims to achieve, and it runs the risk of failing to manage expectations.

“The government needs to identify the magnitude of the challenge and where to prioritise its interventions,” said Grey-Johnson. “People need to be reassured that the coalition understands the challenges and to communicate there is a plan in place and how they’re going to go about it.”

Economic crisis

The economy is in dire straits. The Gambia’s poverty rate is 50 percent and its debt repayment rate is 100 percent of GDP, according to Grey-Johnson. “So, whatever we make goes straight out of the country,” he said. “Gambia is insolvent. We are broke.”

Add to this the thousands of tourists during the December election crisis that went home in the middle of the season, the hotels that are only half booked, and the reality is “unemployment is about to shoot up”, Grey-Thompson added.

New Gambia
Jason Florio/IRIN

It is unlikely the rate of youth unemployment can be tackled anytime soon. And this is the most urgent employment problem the government faces, with thousands of youths attempting the illegal “backway” Mediterranean route to Europe.

“The backway trend is only going to be addressed if there are policies to attract the young people to come back and fulfil their dreams,” Employment Minister Isatou Touray told IRIN.

That means “finding jobs and addressing the human rights situation, and having freedom of movement so that they can help themselves under this regime”.

Donors on board

The coalition is already making good on its promise of improving international relations and encouraging long-term business investment, development, and, ultimately, job creation.

In its first weeks, ministers have met with officials from several donor countries, including China. There have been talks with the World Bank, the African Development Bank, and the International Monetary Fund, as well as the signing of the first World Bank-funded project to promote child and maternal health.

A decision by the European Union to reinstate its 33-million-euro development fund, frozen from 2015/16 over human rights concerns, is also a welcome move.

Abdul Aziz Bensouda, secretary general of the Gambia Bar Association, believes that establishing a truth and reconciliation commission will also be an important part of the reform process – a step towards healing after decades of human rights abuses and embezzlement under Jammeh.

“We need a commission of inquiry to investigate the crimes over the years, to allow civil society to decide what to do with them,” he said.

Momodou Sabally, a former minister who was imprisoned twice by Jammeh, agrees on the need for a truth and reconciliation process, but sounds a note of caution.

“I know there’s a lot of anger and zeal for vengeance, but we should be careful,” he said. “So many people have served in Jammeh’s regime; some of the victims now have been villains too in this long stretch of time.”

If not handled properly, “the government won’t be able to do any work,” said Sabally. “They’ll be having to deal with these things piecemeal until their time is up. So, it’s important to address this in as mature a manner as possible.”

The young, in particular, are in a rush to create New Gambia, but how much real change can be achieved in just three years under a coalition government? For Bensouda, simply “righting the wrongs and democratising the country” would be a start.

lh/oa/ag

Can Barrow deliver on the promise of a “New Gambia”? new_gambia_barrow_2.jpg Louise Hunt Analysis Human Rights Politics and Economics BANJUL IRIN Africa Gambia
          Bye bye Jammeh: Hope and challenges in The Gambia        

Only disgraced ex-president Yahya Jammeh’s most hardcore supporters turned up to watch as he boarded a private jet at the weekend for exile in Equatorial Guinea. Some soldiers and members of his political party cried and shouted: “Daddy, Daddy”. Others aggressively jeered at supporters of The Gambia’s new coalition government.

But once he took to the skies, most of the nation breathed a collective sigh of relief.

“This day is amazing. We didn’t see it coming. We didn’t believe that he would leave, and the fact that this has happened democratically is the greatest achievement,” said 24-year-old Aminata, part of a youth group helping Gambian refugees as they arrived back at the ferry terminal in Banjul.

“A year ago, we thought this would be impossible. But now we are hopeful that things will change. Now, we feel that destiny is in our hands, because leaders will have to be more accountable. Now, we know the power of our vote.”

The moment was all the more remarkable because of what was at stake if the situation had unravelled. “We are in disbelief that we have come out of this in peace. We are glad that Jammeh has gone, but in a solemn way, because we came so close to war,” added Aminata’s friend, Khadija.

Adama Barrow, The Gambia’s new president, was sworn in last week. For his safety, the ceremony had to take place in Dakar, Senegal, and he was not planning to return home until a West African military intervention force had secured the country.

They were poised across the border the night Barrow was sworn in, and the threat of force was crucial in buttressing mediation efforts by the West African regional bloc ECOWAS that eventually succeeded in pressuring Jammeh to accept his electoral defeat and step down.

ECOWAS troops and military vehicles now patrol the streets of Banjul, cheered as they pass. Gambian soldiers are meanwhile being disarmed because of a concern that rogue elements, still loyal to Jammeh, could cause trouble.

Adama Barrow - the man of the moment
Jason Florio/IRIN
Adama Barrow - the man of the moment

From total power to ignominy

Jammeh, along with a group of other young officers, came to power in a coup in 1994. After 22 years of oppressive rule, in which arbitrary detention, torture, and disappearances were common, he suffered a shock electoral defeat in a 1 December ballot that most analysts assumed he would rig.

At first, Jammeh magnanimously accepted the result, only to change tack a week later and declare the poll void. He petitioned the Supreme Court for a fresh election, but as he had sacked most of the judges 18 months previously the court could not hear the challenge before May.  

He then declared a state of emergency that technically would have allowed him to stay in power for another three months. This desperate, last-ditch attempt to cling to power was ignored by the West African leaders who were working to resolve the crisis.

By then, Jammeh’s grip on power was already slipping. Most of his cabinet had deserted him and his army chief, General Ousman Badjie, had conceded that his soldiers would not resist the ECOWAS intervention force.

Barrow’s inauguration speech embraced the history-making moment. “This is a day no Gambian will ever forget,” he said. “The capacity to effect change through the ballot box has proven that power belongs to the people in The Gambia. Violent change is banished forever from the political life of our country. All Gambians are therefore winners.”

But the fact that Barrow’s much-anticipated swearing-in couldn’t take place on Gambian soil is a bitter reminder of the regime’s far-reaching net of oppression.   

Jammeh had ordered there to be no inauguration celebrations. In the event, nothing could stop at least several thousand young Gambians defiantly taking to the streets.

At Westfield Junction – the symbolic location just outside Banjul where opposition activist Solo Sandeng was arrested in April last year after calling for electoral reform (he was subsequently tortured to death) – the crowd grew and grew. Above the throng was one united cry: “Gambia has decided”.

Throughout the political impasse, activists had been peacefully campaigning to ensure Gambians’ democratic choice was upheld. #GambiaHasDecided became a social media phenomenon, also appearing on billboards and T-shirts, defying Jammeh’s attempts to silence dissent.

Gambians that fled come home
Jason Florio/IRIN
Gambians that fled come home

What now?

Having put themselves on the line, young Gambians who voted for change are determined to see a new Gambia achieved.

“The day the coalition was formed – that was the day the whole country smiled,” said Momodou Jallow, 28.

But Jallow also offered a sobering reminder to the coalition not to lose sight of how they came to power. “I voted for Adama Barrow not because I liked him but because I didn’t want to vote for Jammeh,” he told IRIN.

Jallow, who was recently arrested for posting views critical of Jammeh’s government on social media, wants to see a change in the constitution, in particular the introduction of a two-term presidential limit.

And there are plenty of other challenges facing the new administration. After more than 22 years of Jammeh’s autocratic rule, it must start pretty much from scratch: having to install a cabinet, institute a proper rule of law, and launch much-needed military and political reforms amid a climate of both uncertainty and expectation.

Barrow began announcing his cabinet on Monday. A notable pick was Vice President Fatoumata Tambajang, a former minister and United Nations Development Programme staffer credited as the main force in galvanising the previously fractious opposition parties.

One of the new administration’s first tasks will be to support the return of the 46,000 refugees estimated by the UN’s refugee agency, UNHCR, to have fled to Senegal and Guinea over the past weeks, fearing impending conflict.

An estimated 25,000 have also been internally displaced, according to the Gambian Red Cross Society. Almost everyone in the capital sent family members – mainly women, children, and the elderly – away to the sanctuary of relatives in other parts of the country.

Extra pressure is being placed on already stretched food supplies and sanitation in the some of The Gambia’s poorest communities, according to a rapid assessment survey by United Purpose, an NGO.

Jammeh’s stubbornness also hurt Gambia’s already ailing economy by dealing a blow to its main revenue earner – tourism. As the crisis deepened, Western governments sent charter planes to pick up holidaymakers, right in the middle of peak season.

Watching the inauguration
Jason Florio/IRIN
The revolution is televised - watching the inauguration

Tackling impunity

But uppermost in many Gambians’ minds is how Jammeh and his accomplices will be made to pay for the wide-ranging crimes and abuses perpetrated under his regime.

Jammeh is free to return to The Gambia in the future under the exile terms set out in a joint statement by the UN, the Afrcian Union, and ECOWAS. These state that he, his family, and his senior aides should have the same rights to dignity and safety as any former president.

The unsigned communique implies that he will have impunity from prosecution but it doesn’t impose any legal obligations on the new Gambian administration. Barrow has since referred to it as a “resolution, not an agreement”.

Barrow’s administration intends to establish a truth and reconciliation committee, which will gather evidence. But some people do not think this process will go far enough.

The new government’s spokesman, Halifa Sallah, has already hinted that it may not be in the national interest to delve too deeply into the past.

But Fatou Jagne, West Africa director of human rights NGO, Article 19, has welcomed a homegrown reconciliation process, saying: “We need to give Gambians a chance to set up a mechanism that will work for them to get to the justice and the truth.”

New Gambia has begun. It’s a place where people can now speak freely and have hope for the future, but the new administration will need to carefully manage the soaring expectations of its people, according to Abdul Aziz Bensouda, secretary-general of the Gambian Bar Association.

“People have expectations for rapid development, but [this will be difficult] with a budget that’s just enough to pay the bills,” he said. “It is a case of trying to right the wrongs under Jammeh’s regime, and move us [forward].”

lh/oa/ag

TOP PHOTO: Gambians welcome West African ECOMIG troops to Banjul. CREDIT: Jason Florio

Bye bye Jammeh: Hope and challenges in The Gambia West African ECOMIG troops welcomed in Banjul.jpg Louise Hunt Feature Conflict Human Rights Politics and Economics BANJUL IRIN Africa West Africa Gambia
          The challenge of building “New Gambia”        

Last Friday, the unbelievable happened in Gambia: after 22 years of autocratic rule, Yahya Jammeh peacefully conceded defeat in a historic presidential election. By Monday, 19 political prisoners, including former opposition leader Ousainou Darboe, had been released from jail.

It has been a head-spinning few days for the nation as it breaks free from oppression to rebuild what the incoming coalition government, headed by Adama Barrow, has branded “New Gambia”.

The challenges ahead are daunting. Ensuring a safe transfer of power and reassuring the country that the new government has a strong reform plan are the immediate tasks.

But after more than two decades of misrule, Gambians are also impatient for change and the list of problems is long: a prostrate and undiversified economy, a high rate of outmigration, heavily politicised state institutions – including a military and a criminal justice system used to operating by fear.

Expectations are sky-high as so much already seems to have happened so quickly.

Coalition 2016, officially formed only one month before the election, swept to victory on Friday with 46 percent of the vote, to Jammeh’s 37 percent. Independent candidate Mama Kandeh trailed on 18 percent.

Soon after the announcement that Jammeh was to stand down, delivered by the reportedly trembling chair of the Independent Electoral Commission, Gambians began pouring onto the streets, shouting for joy and dancing as car horns wailed.

Jubilation

The jubilant scenes shared through social media were a collective release. “It was like we had been under a magician’s spell and the spell had just broken,” said Alieu Bah, a 24-year-old activist and writer.

“Twenty four hours earlier we were in the polar opposite situation. It was like a dream. No one saw this coming, even the most optimistic of people.”

Gambia celebrates
Steve Cockburn/Amnesty International
Gambia celebrates

The coalition’s popularity was no surprise. Its two weeks of electoral campaigning had culminated in youthful and energised crowds packing streets for several kilometres in the rallies held in the urban coastal areas. But nobody expected Jammeh, who had vowed that only God could remove him from power, to accept defeat without a fight.

“People were ready for change, but knowing the type of person Jammeh is, they did not believe that he would concede defeat without contesting the results,” said exiled journalist Alhagie Jobe, reporting from Dakar, Senegal. “Hopes were not high for a peaceful transfer of power.”

Gambians were bracing for the worst after Jammeh, without warning, imposed a total internet and telecommunications ban at 8pm on the eve of the election. “We thought there would be Ivory Coast-style electoral violence,” said Jobe, referring to a 2010-11 crisis that led to civilian massacres.

But the communications blackout ultimately failed to intimidate voters, and activists and journalists within the country published rolling results via SMS and on satellite phones, in a victory for transparency.

“Jammeh was not happy,” said Jobe, who had been tortured and imprisoned for 18 months by the regime. “He fought behind the scenes. He did all he could to hold on to power, but because there was such a strong atmosphere for change he knew he couldn’t stop it: the people had spoken.”

What next?

There are now great hopes – and pressures – on the coalition to deliver their promise of a New Gambia, especially among youths who voted for change in unprecedented numbers.

“Youths came out and voted in this election and their voices have been heard,” said Dakar-based rapper Jerreh Badjie (stage name Retsam).

Youth activist Mariama Saine said she hoped that once the new government took back all the industries owned by Jammeh, including farms and factories, there would be more employment opportunities that would provide an alternative to high-risk migration.

“Jammeh has monopolised any sector youths could fit into, now these will be areas the new government can develop for youths.”

For Bah, a new referendum should be held on the constitution to guarantee the secular nature of the country, introduce term limits, and guarantee human rights, and freedom of movement.

“Jammeh also needs to be held to account,” he said. “He should face justice through a fair trial."

Jammeh concedes
Steve Cockburn/Amnesty International
Jammeh concedes in a phone call to Adama Barrow

Bintou Kamara, a Paris-based Gambian who founded an organisation to disseminate information about migration, said: “Now, there is a new window of hope for the entire population.

“Some migrants I have spoken to who are in a deplorable situation in Europe are thinking of going home. They will be empty-handed but they will be coming back to hope. There will be lots of returnees.”

Freedom of speech

The most immediate change for Gambians is the ability to speak freely. Over the weekend, the scenes from former businessman Barrow’s victory parade showed partying crowds and people tearing down and stamping on Jammeh’s paternally smiling election banners.

Bah, one of the few activists to criticise the government through social media while living in Gambia, told IRIN that before the election he could have been arrested at any time. “People really feared for my life, but I survived. This is what it means to triumph over a dictatorship. Gambia has become a beacon of hope. This is what we want to be remembered for.”

Photojournalist Alhagie Manka also needs no reminder of the brutal regime the country has just broken free from.

He was one of three journalists detained by the security forces at the start of the electoral campaign in a bid to intimidate the press and the electorate. “I was held for seven days, but they did not tell me why. They just kept asking me who I work for in the diaspora.”

Commenting on what the outcome means for him, Manka said: “I am overjoyed, knowing that I have witnessed history. We have been living in hell under Yahya Jammeh, and we thank God he is leaving now, and I hope he will leave in peace.”

Who’s in charge?

Behind the grins, people are understandably nervous about the transfer of power.

With Barrow’s inauguration not taking place until mid-January and a large military presence remaining on the streets, it’s clearly a highly sensitive security matter.

Human rights organisations Amnesty International and Article 19 have called for a “safe transfer of power”, but said they cannot comment further.  

Sheriff Bojang, a Gambian journalist at West Africa Democracy Radio in Dakar, said there was still uncertainty about who is in charge of the military.

“It worries many people that the military hasn’t said anything so far to assure the population that there is no need for concern and that the country is safe and that the will of the people will continue to prevail,” he said.

President-elect Barrow is due to meet outgoing Jammeh at State House soon, and address the nation. In the meantime, the release on bail of Darboe and the 18 other political prisoners arrested during protests in April is a “positive step”, according to Amnesty International.

Fatoumatta Sandeng, whose father Solo Sandeng was allegedly tortured to death by the regime for protesting in April, told IRIN the new government is “a dream come true. It means freedom for the Sandeng family. It means justice.

“We are glad that my father didn’t die in vain, and his efforts – and that of all those who have contributed their part in making sure the Jammeh regime ends – have paid [off].”

lh/oa/ag

TOP PHOTO: Celebrating a historic election victory CREDIT: Steve Cockburn/Amnesty International

The challenge of building “New Gambia” gambia_2.jpg Louise Hunt Feature Human Rights Politics and Economics DAKAR IRIN Africa West Africa Gambia
          Will a united opposition finally unseat Gambia’s strongman?        

There has been unprecedented popular protest this year against the regime of Gambian President Yahya Jammeh. But as the country heads to elections this week, hope for change is giving way to trepidation he will win and extend his 22-year stay in power.

Human rights organisations have warned that the conditions leading up to Thursday’s vote are not conducive to a free and fair election. There has been a spate of arrests of journalists and opposition activists in a country in which disappearances, arbitrary detention, and torture is commonplace.

The Sandeng family is all too aware of those dangers. In April, they were forced to flee, crossing the border with Senegal at night, at a point they hoped would be unguarded.

A week before, on 14 April, the head of the family, opposition activist Solo Sandeng, had allegedly been tortured to death by Gambia’s security forces for leading a peaceful protest near the capital, Banjul.

Escape

The family, five adults and five children, spent a week in hiding, knowing their home was under constant surveillance. Then, realising they had no choice but to leave, they sought refuge in Senegal.

It is a well-trodden escape route for the many Gambians who find themselves on the run from political persecution. “I was told to walk across the border and not look back,” said 22-year-old Fatoumatta Sandeng.

In their new home in exile, the Sandeng family crammed onto sponge mattresses on the floor as Fatoumatta related how her father, a leading member of the opposition United Democratic Party, had been marching with youth activists against new rules introduced by Jammeh to scupper his opponents’ chances in this election.

It was the first opposition demonstration since 14 students were gunned down by the army in 2000.

“People were protesting for electoral reforms so that there could be a change of government. Because if the elections were free and fair, which is very rare in the Gambia, people would be at least hopeful that it could bring a better Gambia for its citizens,” Fatoumatta explained.

Exiled Gambians pin hope of return on a new president-elect

Jason Florio and Louise Hunt/IRIN
Exiled Gambians pin hope of return on a new president-elect

Change

Jammeh’s regime has a long history of hounding dissenters, but due to the government’s tight control over the media Gambians are often unaware of the scale of human rights violations. The very public nature of Sandeng’s arrest was a wake-up call.

“In Gambia, we know there wouldn’t be any protests without the government trying to stop them,” said Fatoumatta. “But to the extent of arresting, torturing and killing someone: that was shocking to the Gambian people.”

Over April and May, Sandeng’s death ignited an unprecedented public outcry against the government’s brutality.

“Before, you didn’t see people protesting on the streets. People didn’t dare hold a banner that insults the president. Now, it’s happening,” noted Alhagie Jobe, a journalist who was tortured by the secret police and spent 18 months in prison before being acquitted of sedition charges. He now lives in exile in the Senegalese capital, Dakar.

“It’s changing gradually. He [Jammeh] himself knows he is coming to the end of his administration. What people weren’t doing before for the past 20 years; it’s happening now. So that’s the signal that he’s losing power, gradually.”

Opposition re-set

Jammeh, who came to power in a military coup, responded to the bout of protests by arresting most of the UDP hierarchy, including party leader Ousainou Darboe. They were sentenced to three years’ imprisonment for unlawful assembly, destabilising the party in the lead-up to the election.

Out of this adversity, the previously fractious opposition parties realised their only chance was to unite and form Gambia’s first opposition coalition. But one leader, Mamma Kandeh, refused to join, and there is concern he may split the opposition vote.

The “Coalition for Change 2016”, headed by the relatively unknown Adama Barrow, is nevertheless giving some Gambians hope that this time around there could be an upset at the ballot box, after four straight electoral wins by Jammeh.

“Gambians need big changes,” said 31-year-old Abdoulie Touray*, speaking quietly over Skype from his home near Banjul.

Touray left his rural village to study for a qualification in IT but could only find low-paid work as a watchman in a residential compound.

“In the early years, Jammeh did good work in developing the country, but now he is overstaying,” Touray told IRIN. “We need a new president who will move the country forward. A lot of people are not working and the economy is falling down.”

Gambia’s failure

The Gambia is one of the world’s poorest countries, ranked 175 out of 188 in the Human Development Index. Children and young people under 30 make up the majority of the population and youth unemployment stands at 38 percent.

Gambia police station
D. Piris/Flickr
The opposition rarely gets such a welcome

In recent years, Jammeh’s autocratic decisions have increasingly isolated the country. In 2013, he withdrew Gambia from the Commonwealth; last year, he changed the title of the moderate Muslim-majority country to the Islamic Republic; and, in October, he opted to exit the International Criminal Court, on the grounds that it was biased against African countries.

Touray hopes that if the new seven-party opposition coalition wins on Thursday, it will have a better relationship with the outside world.

“We need people who can stabilise the country and bring in foreign investors. If people have jobs, they won’t go the backway,” he said, a reference to the illegal migration route to Europe.

Last year, Touray’s two brothers undertook the hazardous journey across the Mediterranean. The Gambia, with a population of two million, is currently the fifth largest contributor of migrants arriving by sea in Italy.

Exiles rally

In Dakar, political activist rappers Jerreh Badjie (stage name Retsam) and Ali Cham (Killa Ace) both have a strong following among Gambian youths. They are part of a tight circle of recently exiled young Gambians driving a social media movement to inform and motivate their peers back home to push for change.

“People are starting to see that if they don’t express themselves now, their lives and their children’s lives are at risk. They have to face the situation and talk now,” said Badjie, 27.

Cham believes the lack of freedom of expression is inhibiting young people’s potential and contributes to the “backway” mentality.

“It’s not that the backway is the only option, but to them it’s the easiest route [to improving their lives],” he told IRIN from his home recording studio, which is decorated with posters of revolutionaries and the Gambian flag.

Combatting apathy

Cham and Badjie accept that a lot of young people feel apathetic towards politics and want to boycott the election as a stand against what happened to the protesters in April and May.

But Cham insists inaction won’t help: “The only thing youths can do is vote against the system, even if they’re disgruntled. There’s not much else they can do.”

Meanwhile, in Gambia, locals report an edgy calm as the election approaches. “Everything is normal right now, but we are scared of what will happen if Jammeh gets voted out but refuses to leave,” said Touray. “We think there could be a lot of violence.”

Lamin Manneh*, a young writer, is taking a philosophical view: “My gut feeling is that the guy [Jammeh] will triumph. But the coalition is really unsettling the whole system; people are not as gullible as before. For me, this is bigger than politics. It’s about creating a mass movement for democracy.

“Even if it all ends as the year that something could have happened, but didn’t, I believe the seeds for democracy have been sown and are starting to take root.”

lh/oa/ag

* Not their real names

TOP PHOTO: President Yahya Jammeh, by Erin Siegal

Yahya Jammeh looks to extend his 22 years in power in elections this week Will a united opposition finally unseat Gambia’s strongman? jammeh.jpg Louise Hunt Feature Migration Human Rights Politics and Economics DAKAR IRIN Africa Gambia Senegal
          Galatasaray sign Badou Ndiaye        
Galatasaray have completed a deal to sign Senegal international Papa Alioune 'Badou' Ndiaye, recruiting the midfielder from Osmalispor on a four-year deal. Gala have confirmed the deal on their official website, as the 26-year-old ends his two-year stay with The Ottomans. ��Papa Alioune 'Badou' Ndiaye #Galatasaray'da!https://t.co/fZUd4lpfDa pic.twitter.com/PCyhfKKbzG - Galatasaray SK (@GalatasaraySK) August 3, 2017 The Dakar-born midfielder began his career at the celebrated Diambars...
          Akasya ağacı        
Akasya Ağacı
Akasya Ağacı
Akasya oldukça sert bir ağaçtır. Ayrıca dokusu sıkı ve sağlamdır ancak buna karşın da esnektir. Akasya ağacı yarılmaya karşı büyük bir direnç gösterir.Zor işlenir, değişik hava koşullarında bile en dayanıklı ağaçlardan biridir. Akasya ağacı rendelendiğinde düzgün ve parlak bir yüzey ortaya çıkar.Yağlı olduğu için de özellikle su boyaları ile zor boyanır. 

Dünyanın tropik ve subtropik bölgelerinde yetişirler.Özellikle Avustralya'da, Afrika'da, Sudan'da ve güney bölgelerinde, Orta Amerika'da, Asya'nın tropik bölgelerinde yetişen çeşitli akasya türleri vardır. 

Akasya ağacı’nın kullanım alanları


  • Akasya ağacının çiçeğinden kokulu şurup ve kolonya yapılmaktadır,
  • Tropik Afrika kökenli olan Akasya senegal'den, yapıştırıcı madde ve mürekkep yapımında, eczacılıkta, şekercilikte ve başka sanayi dallarında kullanılan Arap zamkı elde edilir,
  • Su altı yer altı inşaatlarda iyi sonuç veren bir ağaçtır. Araba yapımında, alet saplarında, beden eğitimi aletlerinde kullanılır. Mobilyacılıkta özellikle tornalı, oymalı ve kakmalı işlerde yararlanılabilir.

          DISTRIBUCCIÓN        
El tiburón blanco vive sobre las zonas de plataforma continental, cerca de las costas, donde el agua es menos profunda. Es en estas zonas donde la abundancia de luz y corrientes marinas genera una mayor concentración de vida animal, lo que para esta especie equivale a una mayor cantidad de alimento. Sin embargo, están ausentes de los fríos océanos ártico y antártico, a pesar de su gran abundancia en plancton, peces y mamíferos marinos. Los tiburones blancos tienen un avanzado metabolismo que les permite mantenerse más calientes que el agua que les rodea, pero no lo suficiente como para poblar estas zonas extremas.
Las áreas con presencia frecuente de tiburones blancos son:
-Las aguas de las Antillas Menores, algunas partes de las Antillas mayores, el Golfo de México hasta Florida y Cuba y la Costa Este de Estados Unidos desde allí hasta Terranova.
-La franja costera de Río Grande do Sul a la Patagonia, la del Pacífico de América del Norte y del Sur.
-Archipiélagos del Pacífico.
- Australia.
-Tasmania y Nueva Zelanda.
- Norte de Filipinas y todo el litoral asiático.
-Seychelles, Maldivas, Sudáfrica y las zonas cercanas a la desembocadura de los ríos Congo y Volta
-Y la fachada costera desde Senegal a Inglaterra, con agrupación apreciable en las islas Cabo Verde y Canarias, penetrando también en los mares Mediterráneo y Rojo. En éstas últimas zonas es donde la presencia humana, manifestada a través de la sobreexplotación pesquera y la contaminación de las aguas, han reducido considerablemente la distribución de esta especie. A pesar de ello, parece que persiste en el área alguna zona de cría, como por ejemplo la del Estrecho de Messina.
- Esta especie puede alcanzar también aguas de Indonesia, Malasia, el Mar de Ojotsk y la Tierra del Fuego.
Normalmente se mantiene a una cierta distancia de la línea costera, acercándose sólo en aquellas zonas con especial concentración de atunes, focas, pingüinos u otros animales de hábitos costeros. Igualmente, suele permanecer cerca de la superficie, aunque ocasionalmente desciende hasta cerca del kilómetro de profundidad.

En un estudio reciente, se comprobó que los grandes tiburones blancos de California emigran a un área entre Baja California y Hawai conocido como "el Café del Tiburón Blanco", donde pasan al menos 100 días al año antes de volver a California Baja. En el viaje, nadan despacio y se sumergen a unos 900 metros de profundidad. 

Tras regresar, cambian su comportamiento y hacen inmersiones cortas a aproximadamente 300 metros durante unos 10 minutos. Otro tiburón blanco etiquetado de la costa de Sudáfrica nadó a la costa del sur de Australia y regresó en el espacio de un año. Esto refutó las teorías tradicionales que decían que los tiburones blancos son depredadores territoriales costeros y abre la posibilidad de que exista una interacción entre poblaciones de tiburón blanco que antes eran consideradas independientes. Aún se desconoce por qué migran; barajándose la alimentación estacional o la existencia de áreas de acoplamiento.
En un estudio similar un gran tiburón blanco de Sudáfrica fue rastreado nadando a la costa noroeste de Australia y atrás a la misma posición en Sudáfrica, un viaje de 2000 km, en menos de 9 meses.

          Mauritania Abolishes The Senate For Being Too Costly        
Mauritania Abolishes The Senate For Being Too Costly
Mauritania Abolishes The Senate For Being Too Costly
Mauritania has joined Senegal in abolishing the Senate, its upper legislative chambers. It was one of the decisions made by voters in a referendum conducted on Saturday. The voters also voted to change their national flag, the electoral commission announced on Sunday, i...
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          Photo Reactions Around the World of Obama Being Elected President (Pictures)        
These photos show the reaction to Barack Obama becoming President of the United States.

Update February 9, 2010: Although I am very disappointed with Obama, I decided to keep this post up. I think it shows how much his promises meant to people. And now those promises have been broken. So these picture serve as an event in history.


Athens, Greece


Atlanta, Georgia USA


Basra, Iraq


Beijing, China


Chicago, IL USA


Chicago, IL USA


Chicago, IL USA


Dakar, Senegal


Denmark


Fort Lauderdale, FL USA


Hawaii USA


India


Indiana USA


Iraq


Jakarta, Indonesia


Japan


Jerusalem, Israel


Kenya


Kenya


Kenya


Madrid, Spain


Manila, Philippines


New Delhi, India


New York City, NY USA


New York City, NY USA


Paris, France


Philadelphia, PA USA


Philadelphia, PA USA


Puri, India


Shanghai


Sydney, Australia


Washington, DC USA


Moscow, Russia


Detroit, MI USA


New York City, NY USA


Paris, France


Vancouver, Canada


Nairobi, Kenya


Washington, DC USA


Rome, Italy


Detroit, MI USA



Columbus, OH USA


Geneva, Switzerland


Hempsted, NY USA


Rio De Janeiro, Brazil


Tampa, FL USA


Soldiers in Kabul, Afghanistan


Bangkok, Thailand


Hamburg, Germany


Hong Kong


Naples, Italy


New Delhi, India


New York City, NY USA


Celebrating with Champagne in Lethbridge, AB, Canada


Franklin County, NC


Buenos Aires, Argentina (thanks to:
blmurch)


Amsterdam, Netherlands


Hong Kong


Kenya


London, England


Paris, France


Palestine


Berlin, Germany


New York City, NY USA

Indonesia


Japan


Naples, Italy


Paris, France


Harlem, NY USA (Thanks to Lyssa Mandel for the picture)


Tehran, Iran


St. Petersburg, Russia


Chicago, IL USA (Thanks to Martin Murphy for the picture)


Chicago, IL USA (Thanks to Martin Murphy for the picture)


Chicago, IL USA (Thanks to Martin Murphy for the picture)


Chicago, IL USA (Thanks to Martin Murphy for the picture)


Washington, DC USA (Thanks to Anita)


Washington, DC USA (Thanks to Anita)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to Lily Sloane for the picture)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to Lily Sloane for the picture)


San Franciso, CA USA (Thanks to Lily Sloane for the picture)


Johannah and Dennis celebrating in San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to Lily Sloane)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to people of Valencia @ 19th St.)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to people of Valencia @ 19th St.)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to people of Valencia @ 19th St.)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to people of Valencia @ 19th St.)


NYC, NY USA - @ Angels and Kings (Thanks to Paul Birman)


New York City, NY USA


Minneapolis , MN USA (Thanks to Morgan for the picture)


Minneapolis , MN USA (Thanks to Morgan for the picture)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to Kate for the picture)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to Kate for the picture)


Milwaukee, WI USA (Thanks to Rochelle, Quinn, Tony, Alicia, and Molly)


Milwaukee, WI USA (Thanks to Rochelle, Quinn, Tony, Alicia, and Molly)


Birmingham, AL USA


Columbus, OH USA


Hamburg, Germany


Harlem, NY USA


Rome, Italy


Virginia Beach, Virginia USA


Seoul, South Korea


Sydney, Australia


New York City, NY USA


Chicago, IL USA (By Shane Welch)


Chicago, IL USA (By TC)


Chicago, IL USA (By Nick Agro)


New York City, NY USA (By Alex Nathanson)


Palo Alto, CA USA (By Luca + Nadia Prasso)


Tufts University in MA, USA (By Ian MacLellan)


Harlem, NY USA (By Christopher Smith)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to people of Valencia @ 19th St.)


San Francisco, CA USA (Thanks to people of Valencia @ 19th St.)


Berkeley, CA USA (By Sean McMahon)


New York City, NY USA (Thanks to Patricia for the picture)



Madrid, Spain


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          U.S. Army Africa completes first 2017 MEDRETE        
VICENZA, Italy - Senegalese and American military medical professionals hosted a closing ceremony on the last day of Medical Readiness Training Exercise 17-1 at the Hospital Militaire De Ouakam in Dakar, Senegal, Jan. 25, to highlight the strengthened partnerships.
          Vermont Guardsmen enhance partnership through Africa Readiness Training        
DAKAR, Senegal--Approximately 4,000 miles and an ocean away from the Green Mountains, a sergeant from Vermont provides advice and directions through a spotting scope to a Senegalese soldier behind a rifle at a range in Thies, Senegal. Sgt. 1st Class Andrew Fryburg, an instructor with the Vermont Army National Guard's Regional Training Institute, is part of a two-man team from his unit participating in Africa Readiness Training 16. ART16 is a U.S. Army Africa exercise in Thies from July 12-26 that brings together U.S. and Senegalese infantry units for partnered training.
          CoESPU hosts exercises to address alarming increases in human trafficking along migrant routes        
VICENZA, Italy - The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe began a series of exercises focused on reducing human trafficking along migrant routes at the Center of Excellence for Stability Police Units here, June 17. "The prolonged instability in the Middle East, Sahel and the Horn of Africa has given rise to migration flows on an unprecedented scale," said OSCE Secretary General Ambassador Lamberto Zannier during his opening remarks. "This phenomenon has assumed alarming proportions and continues to cause appalling human tragedies." The surge in migrants also brings with it financial opportunities for those involved in trafficking. "Migration and human trafficking are becoming increasingly intertwined," said Zannier. "Many of those escaping misery and persecution fall into the hands of trafficking syndicated that operate along migration routes and take advantage of their situation." The 24-month OSCE program will involve some 200 European and African participants, and centers around three complex exercises hosted by CoESPU. The exercises focus on improving the identification and assistance of victims, and strengthening the criminal justice response to traffickers. CoESPU is an international organization that provides technical and financial assistance to increase global capacity for peacekeeping operations, and has trained more than 5,000 civilian police and leaders from 96 countries. African nations account for about 50 percent of the training audience, according to Col. Darius Gallegos, a U.S. Army Reserve Military Police officer and the deputy director of CoESPU. The event was attended by senior representatives from the OSCE such as Zannier, the Italian Parliament's President of the Chamber of Deputies Laura Boldrini, Italian Carabinieri commander Gen. Tullio Del Sette, U.S. Army Africa Commanding General Maj. Gen. Joseph Harrington, as well as police force representatives from across Europe and Africa. "Trafficking humans is a common concern," said Gen. Mamadou Gueye Faye, the commander of Senegal's gendarmerie forces. "Africa is a major departing point, so when we heard OSCE was providing this training, I knew Senegal had to be a part of it." Looking beyond the immediate concern of human suffering, Faye also emphasized the security implications of combatting human trafficking along migrant routes as well. "Another important aspect of human trafficking is that it can also be a means to finance terrorism," said Faye. Observers from the U.S. Army War College's Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute also attended the event to increase cooperation and share ideas. "We saw a lot of partnership here today," said U.S. Army Col. Carter Oates, chief security advisor for PKSOI. "From a procedure and policy standpoint, there's a lot we share in terms of programs of instructions. That knowledge helps our own military police on the ground in an environment where they conduct peacekeeping until host nation forces can build their own capacity to take over."
          Cadets prepare for international experience through CULP program        
Summer break is usually a time for rest, relaxation and possibly a little traveling for many college students. For Reserve Officers' Training Corps Cadet Twi Light Moody, rest and relaxation aren't on the schedule, but traveling is thanks to the Cultural Understanding and Language Proficiency (CULP) program. Moody, a Griffin, Ga. native, is at Fort Knox preparing to travel to Senegal as a part U.S. Army Cadet Command's CULP program. She is one of more than 1,300 Cadets who will travel across the globe to 43 different countries this summer though the program
          It Don't Mean A Thing If It Ain't Got That Senegalese Swing        
"Ca nous fait swinguer" — love that swing, says an aficionado at the Dakar Goree Jazz Festival as the tempo shifts from Senegalese jazz to salsa and blues. Aissatou Niang says she's enchanted and delighted with the performances. Other festivalgoers concur, smiling. They're attending the second edition of a burgeoning jazzfest in Dakar last month that brought together musicians from Senegal, the U.S. and beyond. The festival is the brainchild of Amadou Koly Niang, a Senegalese man who fell in love with jazz in his teens. "When I was 14, I started to listen to Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Kenny Clark — all those musicians — and I was very into it," says Niang. As a young man, he coordinated a weekly jazz conference at the American Cultural Center and French Cultural Center in Senegal's capital Dakar. "Every Monday we had a lecture on jazz," he says. "And when I went to the United States I just found the people that I knew before I went there." Niang left home to study in California in
          More Habitats        
Flowing streams: Simulium damnosum (Oncocerciasis)

Rotting banana plants: Culicoides (Oropuche virus: bunyavirus)

Household garbage: Musca domestica, M. sorbens (Diarrhoeal diseases, trachoma, etc)

Compost pits, hay with manure: Stomoxys calcitrans (Phoretic carrier of Dermatobia hominis)

Dirt floors: Auchmeromyia senegalensis, Cordylobia anthropophaga, Ornithodoros, Tunga penetrans (Blood feeding maggot, dermal myiasis, TBRF and chigoe respectively)

Slaughterhouses: Lucilia sericata (myiasis of necrotic tissue)

Rodent burrows: Xenopsylla, Phlebotamus (Plague, Leishmaniasis)

Thatched roofs in South American houses: Triatoma infestans (Chagas)

Kysanur Forest of Karnataka: Haemaphysalis (Ixodidae) (Kysanur Forest Disease: flavivirus)

Fringe between forest and grassland in Asia-Pacific: Leptotrombidium (Scrub typhus)
          Sustainable, Organic, Fair-Trade: A Conversation with Nigel Melican [ii]        
by CINNABAR

EDITOR'S NOTE: At the 2010 World Tea Expo, Cinnabar of gongfugirl.com spoke at length with Nigel Melican of Teacraft Ltd on the topics of sustainable, organic, and fair-trade tea. What follows here is Part II of a three-part transcript of that conversation. Part I can be read by clicking here.

~~~~~ · ~~~~~

Cinnabar: When a farm changes over from chemical fertilizer to organic fertilizer, does that decrease the yield enormously?

Nigel Melican: A lot depends on conditions. I warn people to expect at least a 30% drop in yield. If you've got access (and you shouldn't go into it if you haven't got access) to farm-animal manure, or suitable green sources of fertilizer like compost, then gradually you build it up again. It will never build back up to the level that you get with intensive chemical fertilizer, though. The world average for made tea is about 1000-1200 kilos a hectare. When I went into tea first 30 years ago, the people I was working with -- the good ones -- were getting 2.5 tons a hectare. Now they're getting 4.5-5 tons a hectare.

C: Mostly because of the improvements in fertilizer?

NM: No, improvements in management. The improvements in fertilizer came in around about the ‘80s or ‘90s, but all the way along, people were improving different things. First they brought in herbicides. What they'd been doing was weeding by hoeing, which destroys roots. As soon as you stop hoeing and put herbicides onto weeds, you get a huge jump in your yield. Now the herbicides are banned and you've got to use husbandry practices like planting more densely. All the time they're improving, research and development is improving practices, and the yield responds, productivity responds. With good clones, good practice, good fertilizer, intensive farming, you can get 11 tons a hectare ... it's been done. It’s not the world averages, though, and on an organic farm you'd never do that.

C: An organic farm would never reach that yield?

NM: Never say never, but it's unlikely. It would be theoretically possible. I would like the challenge ... but I don't think anyone's going to pay me to do it. There's an awful lot of bunk talked about organic. The purists say, “yes, it must be absolutely organic, and the phase of the moon has got to be right.” But to the plant, an organic nitrogen molecule or atom is totally similar to an inorganic one. The plant can't tell the difference.

C: I guess there are really two focuses of organic farming. I wasn't even thinking about how it affects the end product, because it seems like that's not the same conversation. The impact on the land is quantifiable and obvious, but the land doesn't know the difference between a molecule of nitrogen, whether it’s certified organic or not, right?

NM: No the land won't, but -- and this is why there's the argument -- people say that organic meat tastes better than inorganic meat, and often it does, because the guy who grows organic takes better care of his animals, is a better animal husband, and that shows up, and it's the same with plants.

C: And that's clearly the case with tea. If you're using practices that end up contaminating the end product with dangerous toxic chemicals, the end product is going to taste bad, so that's not going to fly.

NM: Ultimately you're right, but if you had -- God forbid -- tea contaminated with mercury you wouldn't taste it, and similarly, many of the ways that you fertilize don't have an effect on taste. Where you do have an effect with organic on tea is that you're putting on less nitrogen. Nitrogen leads to fast growth, and fast growth tends to be more about kilograms than it is about quality ... so slow growth, as in the spring flush. Everyone says, go for the spring flush. That's because it's growing slowly, and the quality is definitely better. So organic should come out with slower growth.

C: But in reality, the quality of a lot of product that's labeled as organic tea is terrible.

NM: Yes.

C: I've had some organic tea that was awful, nearly undrinkable. I don't know why that was, but I suspect that it's coming from sources that aren't terribly knowledgeable about tea production.

NM: People are struggling because they're not doing organic very well. There are some good ones, and there are a lot of people struggling. The example I gave of the company that cut out fertilizer to cut cost and got organic certification, they're not doing the best job in the world.

C: Is it that they don't know the best way to grow tea?

NM: I think they know the best way, but they're not doing it. I've had some of their tea and it was not so good. I've also had some of their tea and it's been excellent.

C: My understanding, gained through what I’ve been told in a number of places, is that some of the small estates and small individual tea farms in China, as one example, are growing their tea organically partly because they can't afford expensive chemical fertilizers, so they're using traditional agriculture, which is, by definition organic, but they won’t ever be able to say that their tea is organically produced even though it is.

NM: Yes, well they certainly won't be certified, so they can't be officially organic. And yet, for thousands and thousands of years they've been organic ... and balanced organic. They're sustainable and organic, because they recycle everything back to the land.

C: Traditionally, sustainable agriculture is what works. If you're a small farmer you need to create a system of growing that you can keep going and recycling.

NM: As a small farmer you need to, because you have no choice. Unilever has done it, but they don't have to do it.

C: What are Unilever plantations in India like today?

NM: Unilever doesn't own any farms in India anymore, not one single one.

C: All of their tea farms are in Africa now?

NM: Yes, the ones they have, and they've sold a lot of the ones in Africa too. They've gotten out of vertical production. The second biggest tea company in the world, Tata, has done exactly the same. They've gotten rid of their tea farms in India -- and they're an Indian company! What happened in India was that all tea plantations laid down by the British 150 years ago ... after independence the government saw them as being exploitative and they created all sorts of rules about how the workers on the estate had to be looked after. The plantation owners had to give them subsidized food, and decent housing, and community hospitals and schooling, and what they call the social cost of growing tea under those conditions got out of hand. The responsibility of maintaining an estate that might have a couple thousand workers, with a family structure of 30 thousand or so becomes really high. I worked with an ex-Assam planter in Papua New Guinea, and he had been like the mayor of a city. He had 30,000 people under his control!

C: That's workers, and worker's families?

NM: That's right, and he was the magistrate, he was the mayor, he was the employer. He had all these responsibilities. Companies like Unilever and Tata said it was okay when everyone was in the same boat, but then what happened was that people started growing tea without the factory and selling tea to factories that didn't have any estate of their own. They were called “bought-leaf factories,” and they had no social costs. People want to grow tea on their own, that's their choice ... no subsidy. So they were selling tea to the bought-leaf factory at about half the cost that Unilever could make tea cost, so Unilever said, “how about we offer the plantations to the workers, and we'll buy the tea, and we'll help with the transition to owning their own factory and plantation.” So, all these huge tea gardens are now owned by Indian smallholders.

C: They're still selling the tea to Unilever, but Unilever doesn't own the factories or the plantations.

NM: And the price of tea has come down effectively to the bought tea factory level.

C: Then in the meantime has Unilever started new plantations in Africa that they run?

NM: No they haven't started any new ones. I don't think they're ever going to start any new ones.

C: They're mostly just buying from plantations that are owned by other people?

NM: That's right, and where they have plantations they maintain them. There's not a great deal of interest in being a huge plantation owner anymore for all the social reasons I've just gone through. But where they've got them and can't sell them, like in Kenya, they keep them on. I wouldn't be too surprised to find them selling them eventually, because there is a lot of interest in buying plantations in Africa, there are Indian interests. An Indian company, McLeod Russel, which is now the biggest tea-plantation-owning company in the world, has just bought four plantations in Uganda from Finlays. Finlays traditionally was a plantation company, only now ... I think they have a few left in Darjeeling, but very few.

C: That's a big shift in the whole industry in terms of who owns the base level tea production. Was the majority of that shift in the past ten or twenty years?

NM: Within the last ten. The Indians have been coming over to Africa and buying up the tea estates in Uganda, Rwanda and anywhere else they can find. The Chinese are also coming in, but not buying tea estates. They're building a huge tea-extract factory in Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania and also, one of the deals that the Chinese bring to the table is that they build parliament buildings for all these little countries. Malawi's parliament building was built by the Chinese, or at least heavily funded by the Chinese, and they throw in universities.

C: Speaking of China and tea in Africa, I've read in a number of places that the greatest importer of Chinese tea is Africa because the traditional forms of tea drinking in Africa use Chinese green teas.

NM: But that's mostly north of the Sahara.

C: Yes, but it's interesting because the tea drinking in Africa and the tea growing in Africa have nothing to do with each other, even though they’re on the same continent.

NM: Well, most of the North Africans don't consider themselves African at all. They have a different heritage.

C: But even in Senegal and Gambia there's the Ataya tea drinking tradition which uses Chinese green tea, and those countries have little to no cultural or ethnic connection with North Africa.

NM: Yes, but that's not a tea-growing area either.

C: No, but I can imagine a gradual shift in production of the southern African tea production to start producing more green tea and to sell to this huge market that's closer at hand.

NM: Yes, and 20 years hence it may well happen. The Chinese are drinking more of their own tea, and the rise in the middle class means you get more of the local market. India has gone from drinking none of the tea grown there 100 years ago to 80% of its tea now.

C: I remember those figures from your talk during the Expo. Do you know what current Chinese consumption of its own tea is?

NM: I could look up figures for you, but it's probably about 60-70% [actually 83% in 2009]. That’s traditionally, not as retail packed tea, but the retail packers are coming in. Unilever is big in China, selling packed tea.

C: Are Unilever and the other big companies selling packaged tea that they're buying from Chinese production factories?

NM: Some of them. I did a project in the ‘80s in China looking for a factory for Unilever to acquire to do tea growing and packing in China for sale. They didn't go ahead with actually buying the factory, but they certainly went ahead with the packing factory in the ‘90s. They're even selling slimming tea now in China.

C: What would you say the difference is between sustainable farming versus organic and fair-trade? I mean, I understand what the difference is as expressed in the marketing language, but more specifically ...

NM: Well, sustainable really means that you're not using things up. Just as with organics, there are sustainability purists who say you should never use anything that can't be replaced. And there are the sustainable realists who say we should at least eke out the non-renewable resources where we can, and wherever we can we'll use renewable fuels, and if it's not renewable we'll go very carefully how we use it and how much of it we use. You have to draw that distinction. My camp is the realistic sustainability one.

C: You can't set up restrictions that are so harsh that it makes it impossible to produce anything.

NM: People do.

C: I know they do, but they shouldn't because ultimately it won't work.

NM: I'll give you an example of the dilemma that you might get into. I was working with a new tea grower in Hawaii -- not one of the small guys that we've seen at the Expo, but someone who wanted to do it on a hundred-acre scale, 200-acre scale. He wanted to be organic, said the production must be organic. He was a berry farmer on the mainland, and he always had an organic farm, and he wanted to have an organic tea farm. So we started off and sourced his tea and his raw materials from Africa and got it planted, and his soil was not acid enough, which is unusual for Hawaii, but this was an old sugar-cane plantation and they'd put down a lot of chalk, to benefit the sugar cane. This was 20 years ago, but it was still there. The normal way that you'd acidify soil for tea is to put sulfur on it. Sulfur is recognized by the organic people; they're happy with it. So he goes off to his supplier and when he sees the sulfur that he's offered, he says, "where does it come from?" and they say it's a by-product of the petrochemical industry, and he throws his hands up in horror! So we look and see what else we can get. It's possible to get sulfur which is rock sulfur, mined sulfur. The dilemma is, would you rape the countryside with big holes, ripping out rock sulfur, or would you use a by-product of the petrochemical industry that has to go somewhere, and is at least greening the petrochemical industry at least a little bit?

C: Why would the organic regulations say that you couldn't use petro-chemical by-products?

NM: the regulations don't say that you shouldn't, but they would prefer that you use the natural sulfur.

C: "Organic" meaning that you take it from the earth regardless of consequences? That makes no sense.

NM: No it doesn't make a lot of sense. That's why I say that sustainability and organic should be done with some degree of realism.

C: None of the national or international organizations that are promoting organic farming are really thinking in terms of sustainability, are they? I prefer not to make such a broad statement, but it seems like the focus is on something that's almost more conceptual than practical.

NM: Absolutely, yeah that is the focus, because it's all mediated in glass palaces in Europe or America and the people there don't get out in the field a lot, and don't see the issues directly and they have a set of ethics that they want to plant.

C: I could tell that, just listening to the people in the panel discussion talk about it. They haven't all stood in a tea field. The way some of them were talking about the agriculture, they didn't really understand how it worked. That distance from agriculture and the people directly involved in it also manifests into a somewhat condescending tone among some of the organizations promoting the organic, fair-trade and sustainability agendas. Even the representative from Utz was talking about teaching the farmers like they were five-year-olds and their organization was going to come in and teach them the right way to do things.

NM: Absolutely right. David Walker, President of Walker Tea, LLC, was telling someone a couple of days ago about how he represents a couple of coffee growers in Kenya and helps them get product to market. He was saying that some of these USAID people will come over and say to the Kenyans, “we're going to teach you how to grow coffee the way the Americans like it.” [laughs] He took one of these coffee industry advisors aside, put his hand on his shoulder and said "these people have been growing coffee for three or four hundred years. They know how to grow coffee. You tell them how you want it. They can do it, but don't go telling them that you're going to teach them, because you are not.” So there's a lot of that element of “experts who know best.”

C: Yes, it can be really preachy. The attitude about it is very removed from the reality of actual workers and actual plantation owners and actual growers, and for that matter, from the science of it, how things work. Although, I will say that the Rainforest Alliance was a little less like that because they seem like they're a little bit more direct about how they get things done.

NM: Of all the [certification] bodies, they're the one I have the most time for. The one that started up in the UK, the “Ethical Tea Partnership,” or ETP, has almost collapsed because the Rainforest Alliance has a much more sensible view of things. Unilever used to be in the Ethical Tea Partnership and I think they pulled away, because they were being targeted, which they didn’t really care for. They had done so much of their own sustainability work that they went in with the Rainforest Alliance and that has bolstered the Rainforest Alliance so much; it's given them so much of a head start.

C: Obviously, the Rainforest