'We have no experience in stopping a nuclear war.' - Sidney Drell (no replies)        
'..My greatest concern is the lack of public awareness about this existential threat, the absence of a vigorous public debate about the nuclear-war plans of Russia and the United States, the silent consent to the roughly fifteen thousand nuclear weapons in the world. These machines have been carefully and ingeniously designed to kill us. Complacency increases the odds that, some day, they will. The “Titanic Effect” is a term used by software designers to explain how things can quietly go wrong in a complex technological system: the safer you assume the system to be, the more dangerous it is becoming.'

'The harsh rhetoric on both sides increases the danger of miscalculations and mistakes, as do other factors. Close encounters between the military aircraft of the United States and Russia have become routine, creating the potential for an unintended conflict. Many of the nuclear-weapon systems on both sides are aging and obsolete. The personnel who operate those systems often suffer from poor morale and poor training. None of their senior officers has firsthand experience making decisions during an actual nuclear crisis. And today’s command-and-control systems must contend with threats that barely existed during the Cold War: malware, spyware, worms, bugs, viruses, corrupted firmware, logic bombs, Trojan horses, and all the other modern tools of cyber warfare. The greatest danger is posed not by any technological innovation but by a dilemma that has haunted nuclear strategy since the first detonation of an atomic bomb: How do you prevent a nuclear attack while preserving the ability to launch one?

..

..the Cuban Missile Crisis, when a series of misperceptions, miscalculations, and command-and-control problems almost started an accidental nuclear war—despite the determination of both John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev to avoid one. In perhaps the most dangerous incident, the captain of a Soviet submarine mistakenly believed that his vessel was under attack by U.S. warships and ordered the firing of a torpedo armed with a nuclear warhead. His order was blocked by a fellow officer. Had the torpedo been fired, the United States would have retaliated with nuclear weapons. At the height of the crisis, while leaving the White House on a beautiful fall evening, McNamara had a strong feeling of dread—and for good reason: “I feared I might never live to see another Saturday night.”

..

The personnel who command, operate, and maintain the Minuteman III have also become grounds for concern. In 2013, the two-star general in charge of the entire Minuteman force was removed from duty after going on a drunken bender during a visit to Russia, behaving inappropriately with young Russian women, asking repeatedly if he could sing with a Beatles cover band at a Mexican restaurant in Moscow, and insulting his military hosts. The following year, almost a hundred Minuteman launch officers were disciplined for cheating on their proficiency exams. In 2015, three launch officers at Malmstrom Air Force Base, in Montana, were dismissed for using illegal drugs, including ecstasy, cocaine, and amphetamines. That same year, a launch officer at Minot Air Force Base, in North Dakota, was sentenced to twenty-five years in prison for heading a violent street gang, distributing drugs, sexually assaulting a girl under the age of sixteen, and using psilocybin, a powerful hallucinogen. As the job title implies, launch officers are entrusted with the keys for launching intercontinental ballistic missiles.

..

..A recent memoir, “Uncommon Cause,” written by General George Lee Butler, reveals that the Pentagon was not telling the truth. Butler was the head of the U.S. Strategic Command, responsible for all of America’s nuclear weapons, during the Administration of President George H. W. Bush.

According to Butler and Franklin Miller, a former director of strategic-forces policy at the Pentagon, launch-on-warning was an essential part of the Single Integrated Operational Plan (siop), the nation’s nuclear-war plan. Land-based missiles like the Minuteman III were aimed at some of the most important targets in the Soviet Union, including its anti-aircraft sites. If the Minuteman missiles were destroyed before liftoff, the siop would go awry, and American bombers might be shot down before reaching their targets. In order to prevail in a nuclear war, the siop had become dependent on getting Minuteman missiles off the ground immediately. Butler’s immersion in the details of the nuclear command-and-control system left him dismayed. “With the possible exception of the Soviet nuclear war plan, [the siop] was the single most absurd and irresponsible document I had ever reviewed in my life,” Butler concluded. “We escaped the Cold War without a nuclear holocaust by some combination of skill, luck, and divine intervention, and I suspect the latter in greatest proportion.” The siop called for the destruction of twelve thousand targets within the Soviet Union. Moscow would be struck by four hundred nuclear weapons; Kiev, the capital of the Ukraine, by about forty.

After the end of the Cold War, a Russian surprise attack became extremely unlikely. Nevertheless, hundreds of Minuteman III missiles remained on alert. The Cold War strategy endured because, in theory, it deterred a Russian attack on the missiles. McNamara called the policy “insane,” arguing that “there’s no military requirement for it.” George W. Bush, while running for President in 2000, criticized launch-on-warning, citing the “unacceptable risks of accidental or unauthorized launch.” Barack Obama, while running for President in 2008, promised to take Minuteman missiles off alert, warning that policies like launch-on-warning “increase the risk of catastrophic accidents or miscalculation.” Twenty scientists who have won the Nobel Prize, as well as the Union of Concerned Scientists, have expressed strong opposition to retaining a launch-on-warning capability. It has also been opposed by former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of State George Shultz, and former Senator Sam Nunn. And yet the Minuteman III missiles still sit in their silos today, armed with warheads, ready to go.

William J. Perry, who served as Secretary of Defense during the Clinton Administration, not only opposes keeping Minuteman III missiles on alert but advocates getting rid of them entirely. “These missiles are some of the most dangerous weapons in the world,” Perry wrote in the Times, this September. For many reasons, he thinks the risk of a nuclear catastrophe is greater today than it was during the Cold War. While serving as an Under-Secretary of Defense in 1980, Perry also received a late-night call about an impending Soviet attack, a false alarm that still haunts him. “A catastrophic nuclear war could have started by accident.”

Bruce Blair, a former Minuteman launch officer, heads the anti-nuclear group Global Zero, teaches at Princeton University, and campaigns against a launch-on-warning policy. Blair has described the stresses that the warning of a Russian attack would put on America’s command-and-control system. American early-warning satellites would detect Russian missiles within three minutes of their launch. Officers at norad would confer for an additional three minutes, checking sensors to decide if an attack was actually occurring. The Integrated Tactical Warning/Attack System collects data from at least two independent information sources, relying on different physical principles, such as ground-based radar and satellite-based infrared sensors. If the norad officials thought that the warning was legitimate, the President of the United States would be contacted. He or she would remove the Black Book from a briefcase carried by a military aide. The Black Book describes nuclear retaliatory options, presented in cartoon-like illustrations that can be quickly understood.

..

Although the Air Force publicly dismissed the threat of a cyberattack on the nuclear command-and-control system, the incident raised alarm within the Pentagon about the system’s vulnerability. A malfunction that occurred by accident might also be caused deliberately. Those concerns were reinforced by a Defense Science Board report in January, 2013. It found that the Pentagon’s computer networks had been “built on inherently insecure architectures that are composed of, and increasingly using, foreign parts.” Red teams employed by the board were able to disrupt Pentagon systems with “relative ease,” using tools available on the Internet. “The complexity of modern software and hardware makes it difficult, if not impossible, to develop components without flaws or to detect malicious insertions,” the report concluded.

In a recent paper for the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies, Andrew Futter, an associate professor at the University of Leicester, suggested that a nuclear command-and-control system might be hacked to gather intelligence about the system, to shut down the system, to spoof it, mislead it, or cause it to take some sort of action—like launching a missile. And, he wrote, there are a variety of ways it might be done.

..

Strict precautions have been taken to thwart a cyberattack on the U.S. nuclear command-and-control system. Every line of nuclear code has been scrutinized for errors and bugs. The system is “air-gapped,” meaning that its networks are closed: someone can’t just go onto the Internet and tap into a computer at a Minuteman III control center. At least, that’s the theory. Russia, China, and North Korea have sophisticated cyber-warfare programs and techniques. General James Cartwright—the former head of the U.S. Strategic Command who recently pleaded guilty to leaking information about Stuxnet—thinks that it’s reasonable to believe the system has already been penetrated. “You’ve either been hacked, and you’re not admitting it, or you’re being hacked and don’t know it,” Cartwright said last year.

If communications between Minuteman control centers and their missiles are interrupted, the missiles can still be launched by ultra-high-frequency radio signals transmitted by special military aircraft. The ability to launch missiles by radio serves as a backup to the control centers—and also creates an entry point into the network that could be exploited in a cyberattack. The messages sent within the nuclear command-and-control system are highly encrypted. Launch codes are split in two, and no single person is allowed to know both parts. But the complete code is stored in computers—where it could be obtained or corrupted by an insider.

Some of America’s most secret secrets were recently hacked and stolen by a couple of private contractors working inside the N.S.A., Edward Snowden and Harold T. Martin III, both employees of Booz Allen Hamilton. The N.S.A. is responsible for generating and encrypting the nuclear launch codes. And the security of the nuclear command-and-control system is being assured not only by government officials but also by the employees of private firms, including software engineers who work for Boeing, Amazon, and Microsoft.

Lord Des Browne, a former U.K. Minister of Defense, is concerned that even ballistic-missile submarines may be compromised by malware. Browne is now the vice-chairman of the Nuclear Threat Initiative, a nonprofit seeking to reduce the danger posed by weapons of mass destruction, where he heads a task force examining the risk of cyberattacks on nuclear command-and-control systems. Browne thinks that the cyber threat is being cavalierly dismissed by many in power. The Royal Navy’s decision to save money by using Windows for Submarines, a version of Windows XP, as the operating system for its ballistic-missile subs seems especially shortsighted. Windows XP was discontinued six years ago, and Microsoft warned that any computer running it after April, 2014, “should not be considered protected as there will be no security updates.” Each of the U.K. subs has eight missiles carrying a total of forty nuclear weapons. “It is shocking to think that my home computer is probably running a newer version of Windows than the U.K.’s military submarines,” Brown said.In 2013, General C. Robert Kehler, the head of the U.S. Strategic Command, testified before the Senate Armed Services Committee about the risk of cyberattacks on the nuclear command-and-control system. He expressed confidence that the U.S. system was secure. When Senator Bill Nelson asked if somebody could hack into the Russian or Chinese systems and launch a ballistic missile carrying a nuclear warhead, Kehler replied, “Senator, I don’t know . . . I do not know.”

After the debacle of the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Soviet Union became much more reluctant to provoke a nuclear confrontation with the United States. Its politburo was a committee of conservative old men. Russia’s leadership is quite different today. The current mix of nationalism, xenophobia, and vehement anti-Americanism in Moscow is a far cry from the more staid and secular ideology guiding the Soviet Union in the nineteen-eighties. During the past few years, threats about the use of nuclear weapons have become commonplace in Moscow. Dmitry Kiselyov, a popular newscaster and the Kremlin’s leading propagandist, reminded viewers in 2014 that Russia is “the only country in the world capable of turning the U.S.A. into radioactive dust.” The Kremlin has acknowledged the development of a nuclear torpedo that can travel more than six thousand miles underwater before devastating a coastal city. It has also boasted about a fearsome new missile design. Nicknamed “Satan 2” and deployed with up to sixteen nuclear warheads, the missile will be “capable of wiping out parts of the earth the size of Texas or France,” an official news agency claimed.

..

Russia’s greatest strategic vulnerability is the lack of a sophisticated and effective early-warning system. The Soviet Union had almost a dozen satellites in orbit that could detect a large-scale American attack. The system began to deteriorate in 1996, when an early-warning satellite had to be retired. Others soon fell out of orbit, and Russia’s last functional early-warning satellite went out of service two years ago. Until a new network of satellites can be placed in orbit, the country must depend on ground-based radar units. Unlike the United States, Russia no longer has two separate means of validating an attack warning. At best, the radar units can spot warheads only minutes before they land. Pavel Podvig, a senior fellow at the U.N. Institute for Disarmament Research, believes that Russia does not have a launch-on-warning policy—because its early-warning system is so limited.

For the past nine years, I’ve been immersed in the minutiae of nuclear command and control, trying to understand the actual level of risk. Of all the people whom I’ve met in the nuclear realm, Sidney Drell was one of the most brilliant and impressive. Drell died this week, at the age of ninety. A theoretical physicist with expertise in quantum field theory and quantum chromodynamics, he was for many years the deputy director of the Stanford Linear Accelerator and received the National Medal of Science from Obama, in 2013. Drell was one of the founding members of jason—a group of civilian scientists that advises the government on important technological matters—and for fifty-six years possessed a Q clearance, granting him access to the highest level of classified information. Drell participated in top-secret discussions about nuclear strategy for decades, headed a panel that investigated nuclear-weapon safety for the U.S. Congress in 1990, and worked on technical issues for jason until the end of his life. A few months ago, when I asked for his opinion about launch-on-warning, Drell said, “It’s insane, the worst thing I can think of. You can’t have a worse idea.”

Drell was an undergraduate at Princeton University when Hiroshima and Nagasaki were destroyed. Given all the close calls and mistakes in the seventy-one years since then, he considered it a miracle that no other cities have been destroyed by a nuclear weapon—“it is so far beyond my normal optimism.” The prospect of a new cold war—and the return of military strategies that advocate using nuclear weapons on the battlefield—deeply unnerved him. Once the first nuclear weapon detonates, nothing might prevent the conflict from spiralling out of control. “We have no experience in stopping a nuclear war,” he said.

..

Donald Trump and Vladimir Putin confront a stark choice: begin another nuclear-arms race or reduce the threat of nuclear war. Trump now has a unique opportunity to pursue the latter, despite the bluster and posturing on both sides. His admiration for Putin, regardless of its merits, could provide the basis for meaningful discussions about how to minimize nuclear risks. Last year, General James Mattis, the former Marine chosen by Trump to serve as Secretary of Defense, called for a fundamental reappraisal of American nuclear strategy and questioned the need for land-based missiles. During Senate testimony, Mattis suggested that getting rid of such missiles would “reduce the false-alarm danger.” Contrary to expectations, Republican Presidents have proved much more successful than their Democratic counterparts at nuclear disarmament. President George H. W. Bush cut the size of the American arsenal in half, as did his son, President George W. Bush. And President Ronald Reagan came close to negotiating a treaty with the Soviet Union that would have completely abolished nuclear weapons.

Every technology embodies the values of the age in which it was created. When the atomic bomb was being developed in the mid-nineteen-forties, the destruction of cities and the deliberate targeting of civilians was just another military tactic. It was championed as a means to victory. The Geneva Conventions later classified those practices as war crimes—and yet nuclear weapons have no other real use. They threaten and endanger noncombatants for the sake of deterrence. Conventional weapons can now be employed to destroy every kind of military target, and twenty-first-century warfare puts an emphasis on precision strikes, cyberweapons, and minimizing civilian casualties. As a technology, nuclear weapons have become obsolete. What worries me most isn’t the possibility of a cyberattack, a technical glitch, or a misunderstanding starting a nuclear war sometime next week. My greatest concern is the lack of public awareness about this existential threat, the absence of a vigorous public debate about the nuclear-war plans of Russia and the United States, the silent consent to the roughly fifteen thousand nuclear weapons in the world. These machines have been carefully and ingeniously designed to kill us. Complacency increases the odds that, some day, they will. The “Titanic Effect” is a term used by software designers to explain how things can quietly go wrong in a complex technological system: the safer you assume the system to be, the more dangerous it is becoming.'

- Eric Schlosser, World War Three, By Mistake, December 23, 2016


Context

The International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

          New Paper Dance Macabre        
C. A. Fuchs, M. C. Hoang and B. C. Stacey, “The SIC Question: History and State of Play,” arXiv:1703.07901 [quant-ph] (2017). Recent years have seen significant advances in the study of symmetric informationally complete (SIC) quantum measurements, also known as maximal sets of complex equiangular lines. Previously, the published record contained solutions up to dimension … Continue reading New Paper Dance Macabre
          The geometry that could reveal the true nature of space-time        
The discovery of an exquisite geometric structure is forcing a radical rethink of reality, and could clear the way to a quantum theory of gravity
          Quantum gravity detector will use atom clouds to survey for oil        
A commercial device that uses quantum technology to detect subtle differences in gravity, should be able to detect coal, oil or pipes underground
          azaleas / cloudsound / forest walker        
azaleas ~ sapphire (blank_tapes, 2016)

«Long-form new-age collages. First full-length from Azaleas». ~ blank_tapes

Two years ago I had a pleasure to share a split tape with Azaleas (duo of Kyle Wade & Alice Andres-Wade hailing from Denver) on Rainbow Pyramid label and started waiting patiently for their full-length debut. Hope was not lost, and here it is, spinning in my deck on repeat mode since December! And with the first winds of the spring this music seems to unfold even broader, carrying eternal bliss of best ambient genre developments. Shimmering layers of synth soundscapes, massive drones, new-agey melodies and organic hum of field recordings... Everything in its place, all corners rounded, every transition made with care. This tape has rare ability to became more and more interesting with every spin, telling the same stories differently each time you listen to it. You may get lost in all those layers, fades and vibes, travelling between dark thickets and wide open eyes of lakes, but don't worry – the hiss of blank tape in the end will leave you under charms of these marvelous tunes with joyful smile on your face and pleasant feeling in the heart. Highest recommendations!

listen ~ support

cloudsound ~ indigo appalachia (fluere tapes, 2017)

«Reverie over outer space air space tween canopy slopes of mauve ambrosial gazes to ribbonious unfurls later spooled» ~ fluere tapes

Less is more! I always admired the ability to create pleasant atmosphere with seemingly minimalist and truly lo-fi sound. What Fluere Tapes boss Lee Boyd did on this tape easily falls into category of lo-fi drone, but the less you care about labeling, the more you receive in impression value. Actually, this tape can be a marvelous post-rock or shoegaze epic, simply recorded hundred of times from one old dusty tape to another. Yet, it has this unexplainable charm that wraps you like a cozy blanket, carrying away as a good old magic flying carpet. Massive layers of sound are hidden behind the surface of pleasant sound - same as the incredible amount of water looks like beautiful cloud from the surface. As the the artwork itself, this music is fused by light, an enormous cosmic nebula sending its glorious radiance light years away... Also I must admit that this particular album brought a lot of nostalgic moments for me, remembering those early psych/drone tapes by Deep Magic or Sundrips, feeling the awe in presence of those energies, such pure and sincere, like they are directly radiating from the artist's heart. Maybe I'm just too sentimental, but there is nothing is this world like Cloudsound. Absolute bliss.

listen ~ support

forest walker ~ uv sea (constellation tatsu)

Sincerely – I have no words to describe this album. It's clear, that with such love for ambient music I possess, album like UV Sea would turn into breathtaking experience. Forest Walker puts everything in one canvas and manages to blend all treasures of ambient genre into a single whole thing. Thing in itself. Pulsation of synth lines, deepest drones, huge waves of reverberated noises... even dusty saturated beats do no harm to this never-ending stream of bliss, supporting its torrent thought your perception channels. Is that infinity of the Universe transcending by the aural medium or endlessness of sound, forging new universe inside ours – who knows? Depends on which interpretation of quantum mechanics you follow. One thing is clear here, this music exist in more than one dimension. It spans like endless wave and each track is just range of frequencies we able to perceive. It's easy to imagine UV Sea as short part of huge intergalactic transmission, captured by limited instruments of humankind and then interpreted by our even more limited sense organs. But the message is so powerful that we can get it if not consciously, but more subtly, just intuitively. And unable to verbally express... Yet, transmission continues, so tune in!

listen ~ support

          paa annandalii ~ cavernous fruits        

paa annandalii ~ cavernous fruits (rotifer, 2016)

I always had deep respect to Robert's work, first of all because of Mohave Triangles – it was so huge and intense and dazed and trippy... No words to describe its magic, just pure joy for any drone-maniac! After long hiatus Paa Annandalii appeared, continuing synth-driven drone journey even deeper, through caverns of human mind – searching for pineal treasures, subconscious revelations and simply relaxing the listener to the state of all-pervading radiance. Which we all are, as a matter of fact! No new age philosophy needed to explain that, just look at everything from the quantum physics point of view. And don't forget that the act of observation itself has an impact on observed. So there is no "reality" behind music actually, and that's why we can't live without it. Music reminds us our nature, especially if it is truly continuous music, reduced to basic formula of intertwined frequencies, breathing inside one cluster of tones. Going that way we may feel disembodied, omnipresent energy, that fills everything without any border. Have you ever felt that? It's refreshing and inspiring, no matter how often you do it! I suppose this is the point from where this music radiates, waving its way to unknown... And you always welcome to join that ship.

listen ~ buy

          Quantum Cleaning cartridge, LTO Universal        

Normale prijs: € 53,95

Aanbiedingsprijs: € 49,95


          Alive         
January 01, 2947 Today Griff and I were attacked again by the Vanduul.  4 Scythes and a Glaive.  We lost our ability to quantum yesterday.  I got a distress call out, full power, but we can only hold them off so long.  I hope it’s long enough. January 02, 2947 at 14:09 Our long range scanners are detecting another Vanduul patrol.  6 Glaives.  I… I don’t know. January 02, 2947 at 19:34 Griff is dead...  Griff is dead.  I got away in the escape pod.  I should have stayed.  Oh Griff… January 02, 2947 at 23:43 Entering atmosphere.  Crash landing imminent.  Hope the landing systems still work.  It’s going to be lonely down there without you Griff.  I miss you… January 04, 2947 at 09:31 So I survived.  I’m sorry I haven’t written more Griff… I have been busy trying to learn about the world I am stuck on.   Thank you Griff.  Thank you for insisting I get an Explorer mobiGlas.  I’d probably be dead without it. I ended up on Leir III.  Crashed in the desert.  First thing this morning I found a source of fresh water so I should be able to stay alive for awhile.  Now I just have to figure out how to get the word out that I’m down here… and maybe find something to eat.  Rations won’t last forever. January 07, 2947 at 01:32 Hey Griff… here’s how I’m doing today: First of all, the desert is damn cold at night. Secondly, Aegis really does make these Vanguard escape pods tough.  I was attacked by some nomads today but the pod made great cover and I was able to defend without any real trouble. Thirdly, I managed to reconfigure the E-War equipment from the pod to be used for long range communications.  I boosted it as much as I could and began sending an SOS.  Unfortunately, I think the signal is what caused the nomads to attack. January 09, 2947 at 06:02 Griff… I’m scared.  Occasionally I can hear something moving through the sand under the pod.  What do I do? January 11, 2947 at 14:31 There’s no easy way to say this… I’m inside a Valakkar.  A giant sandworm.  I learned that from my Galactapedia.  I think my distress call attracted it. As I said, these Vanguard pods are tough… so I’m still alive.  Last night the Valakkar ate the pod while I was sleeping. Not so optimistic about rescue now, but I’m going to try sending out another signal.  It should still get out, even from my current… locale. “To anyone listening, I am Kora.  I am currently located on Leir III inside the escape pod from the Vanguard Sentinel ‘Apocrypha’.  Our ship was disabled and then destroyed by successive Vanduul attacks.  My crewmate died. Last night this pod was devoured by a Valakkar.  I have included a Galactapedia link about the creature.  This is an urgent distress call!  Please rescue me if you can.  I should be able to survive for a couple of days.  Follow this signal to find the Valakkar in question. If any should make the attempt, I give you my most sincere and heartfelt thanks. Kora out.” Oh… I’m sorry Griff.  I left this recording.  Wish me luck...
          Article on gravitation receives award        

Physicists Johan Hansson and Stephane Francois at Luleå University of Technology have received the Honorable Mention Award by the Gravity Research Foundation. The award is given for their article, which deals with how to test quantum gravity.


          What Makes a Great Definition        
Too often we see bad definitions, a convoluted mess carefully crafted to make a theorem true. A student asked me though what makes for a great definition in theoretical computer science. The right definition can start a research area, where a bad definition can take research down the wrong path.

Some goals of a definition:
  • A great definition should capture some phenomenon, like computation (Turing machines), efficient computation (P), efficient quantum computation (BQP). Cryptography has produced some of the best (and worst) definitions to capture security concerns.
  • A great definition should be simple. Defining computability by a Turing machine--good. Definition computability by by the 1334 page ISO/IEC 14882:2011 C++ standard--not so good.
  • A great definition should be robust. Small changes in the definition should have little, or better, no change in what fulfills the definition. That is what makes the P v NP problem so nice since both P and NP are robust to various different models of computing. Talking about the problems solvable by a 27-state Turing machine--not robust at all.
  • A great definition should be logically consistent. Defining a set as any definable collection doesn't work.
  • A great definition should be easy to apply. It should be easy to check that something fulfills the definition, ideally in a simply constructive way.
A great definition drives theorems not the other way around.

Sometimes you discover that a definition does not properly capture a phenomenon--then you should either change or discard your definition, or change your understanding of the phenomenon.

Let's go through an interesting example. In 1984, Goldwasser, Micali and Rackoff defined $k$-bits of knowledge interactive proof systems. Did they have good definitions?
  • The definition of interactive proof systems hits all the right points above and created a new area of complexity that we still study today. 
  • Their notion of zero-(bits of) knowledge interactive proofs hits nearly the right points. Running one zero-knowledge protocol followed by another using the GMR definition might not keep zero-knowledge but there is an easy fix for that. Zero-knowledge proof systems would end up transforming cryptography. 
  • Their notion of k-bit knowledge didn't work at all. Not really robust and a protocol that output the factors of a number half the time leaked only 1-bit of knowledge by the GMR definition. They smartly dropped the k-bit definition in the journal version.
Two great definitions trump one bad one and GMR rightly received, along with Babai-Moran who gave an alternative equivalent definition of interactive proofs, the first Godel Prize.

          50 Years of the Turing Award        
The ACM knows how to throw a party, a two-day celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Turing Award. Every recipient got a deck of Turing Award playing cards and the ACM unveiled a new bust of Turing perfect for selfies.

The conference featured a number of panels on different challenges of computer science from privacy to quantum. Deep Learning formed a common thread, not only did it have its own panel but the Moore's law panel talked about specialized hardware for learning and deep learning causes concern for the privacy and ethics panels. Even quantum computing used deep learning as an example of a technology that succeeded once the computing power was there.

The deep learning panel focused on what it can't do, particularly semantics, abstraction and learning from a small or medium amount of data. Deep networks are a tool in the toolbox but we need more. My favorite line came from Stuart Russell worried about "Grad Student Descent", research focused on parameter tuning to optimize learning in different regimes, as opposed to developing truly new approaches. For the theory folks, some questions like how powerful are deep neural nets (circuit complexity) and whether we can just find the best program for some data (P v NP).

The "Moore's Law is Really Dead" panel joked about the Monty Python parrot (it's resting). For the future, post-CPU software will need to know about hardware, we'll have more specialized and programmable architectures and we'll have to rely on better algorithms for improvement (theory again). Butler Lampson said "The whole reason the web works is because it doesn't have to." I don't remember how that fit into the discussion but I do like the quote.

The quantum panel acknowledged that we don't quite have the algorithms yet but we will soon have enough qbits to experiment and find ways that quantum can help.

You can watch the panels yourself, but the real fun comes from spending time with the leaders of the field, and not just theory but across computer science.
          If an ugrad asks `is field X worth studying' the answer is almost always yes        
An undergraduate Freshman recently emailed me that he was very interested in Quantum Computing and wanted to know

1) Who on the fCS aculty works in QC (Answer: Andrew Childs though you should ask him about postdocs, grad students, and Physics faulty in the area.)

2) What are good books on QC for a bright ugrad. I said the following:

QC since Democritus by Aaronson
QC-A gentle introduction by Rieffel and Polak
QC for CS by Yanofsy and Mannucci
QC and QI by Nielsen and Chuang
Some of Scott's blog posts.
Ask Andrew Childs for more.

my webpage of book reviews for SIGACT NEWS here and search for Quantum to get some other books- read the reviews and pick one.

on Amazon type in quantum computing and see what reviews say- though they might not be reliable.

There are likely other good books but I do not know of them. (You can leave comments.)

3) Is QC a good topic to get into? I said YES of course. My reasoning is that they would of course LEARN something by studying it.

 But this raises the question: When would I say `that field is not worth studying' ?

1) If they really want to do RESEARCH and the topic is either too dead or too hard and they want to actually do research (as opposed to learning the topic without wanting to to research).

2) If there was nobody around to help them in that topic. Might still be okay if they are both highly motivated and very smart.

3) If the topic was bogus AND they would learn NOTHING from studying it. Are there topics that are bogus but you still learn from studying them? Does studying astrology seriously teach you some astronomy? Some history? How about Alchemy and Chemistry? Fine if the students KNOWS that Astrology is bogus and Alchemy is not correct.

The points is that I really do not want to dampen someone's enthusiasm for a topic.

SO- aside from the reasons above, can you think of any other reason to discourage a student from a topic they are interested in? I ask, as always, non-rhetorically.




          Quantum Healing with Candace with Andrew Martin and Katya Turner        

Connecting with Andrew Martin and Katya Turner – a fun 3 way conversation about the current energies, weird time events, being multidimensional and visiting each other in our DREAM state. Andrew and Katya are featured speakers at Michelle Walling and Candace Craw-Goldman’s Quantum Healing 5D and Beyond Conference in Sarasota Florida this October 6-7 2017. […]

The post Quantum Healing with Candace with Andrew Martin and Katya Turner appeared first on In5D Esoteric, Metaphysical, and Spiritual Database.


          Comment on Time to Buy Quantum Medical Transport Inc (OTCMKTS:DRWN) on Dips by rami fx signals        
very informative
          No One REALLY Walks and Talks With Jesus        
When speaking about matters of faith, we Christians use (duh: what else?) the only language available to us. But using language to capture the reality of God is like trying to use numbered children’s blocks to teach quantum physics. It’s simply insufficient for the job. By default, then, the language we employ to describe our […]
          Professor Brian Cox stands up for science        
I consider myself to be a passionate supporter of science. I dismay when science comes under attack from people such as alt med pushers, global warming denialists and creationists. That is why I was so heartened to read this blog post by everyone’s favourite physicist, Professor Brian Cox, entitled “Why Quantum Theory Is So Misunderstood”. ...
          Perseid Meteor Shower Falls Victim To Fake News. Sad!        
When it comes to astronomical events, this year's annual Perseid meteor shower is in serious danger of being, shall we say, eclipsed. But that hasn't kept it from becoming yet another casualty of fake news. Fueled by false Internet memes and sites such as Physics Astronomy (headlines include "Quantum Consciousness: The Universe May Be One Entity And Aware Of Itself" and "This One Gif Is Better Than Anything Else You'll See Today"), the Perseid peak this year is being wrongly billed as "the brightest shower in recorded human history." Several sources include the added imperative that, regardless of your age, it's probably the last chance to see anything that even comes close, meteor-wise, that is. A (presumably second-rate) repeat won't roll around for another 96 years, they say. Bill Cooke is trying to set the record straight. And as head of NASA's Meteoroid Environment Office at Marshall Space Flight Center, he ought to know. "[No] such thing is going to happen," Cooke says. "For one
          Chinese quantum satellite sends "unbreakable" code        
BEIJING - China has sent an "unbreakable" code from a satellite to the Earth, marking the first time space-to-ground quantum key distribution technology has been realised, state media said on Thursday.

China launched the world's first quantum satellite last August, to help establish "hack proof" communications, a development the Pentagon has called a "notable advance".

The official Xinhua news agency said the latest experiment was published in the journal Nature on Thursday, where reviewers called it a "milestone".

The satellite sent quantum keys to ground stations in China between 645 km (400 miles) and 1,200 km (745 miles) away at a transmission rate up to 20 orders of magnitude more efficient than an optical fibre, Xinhua cited Pan Jianwei, lead scientist on the experiment from the state-run Chinese Academy of Sciences, as saying.

"That, for instance, can meet the demand of making an absolute safe phone call or transmitting a large amount of bank data," Pan said.

Any attempt to eavesdrop on the quantum channel would introduce detectable disturbances to the system, Pan said.

"Once intercepted or measured, the quantum state of the key will change, and the information being intercepted will self-destruct," Xinhua said.

The news agency said there were "enormous prospects" for applying this new generation of communications in defence and finance.

China still lags behind the United States and Russia in space technology, although President Xi Jinping has prioritised advancing its space programme, citing national security and defence.

China insists its space programme is for peaceful purposes, but the U.S. Defense Department has highlighted its increasing space capabilities, saying it was pursuing activities aimed at preventing adversaries from using space-based assets in a crisis.


          What is a Quantum Computer?        


What is a Quantum Computer?

Behold your computer. Your computer represents the culmination of years of technological advancements beginning with the early ideas of Charles Babbage (1791-1871) and eventual creation of the first computer by German engineer Konrad Zuse in 1941. Surprisingly however, the high speed modern computer sitting in front of you is fundamentally no different from its gargantuan 30 ton ancestors, which were equipped with some 18000 vacuum tubes and 500 miles of wiring! Although computers have become more compact and considerably faster in performing their task, the task remains the same: to manipulate and interpret an encoding of binary bits into a useful computational result. A bit is a fundamental unit of information, classically represented as a 0 or 1 in your digital computer. Each classical bit is physically realized through a macroscopic physical system, such as the magnetization on a hard disk or the charge on a capacitor. A document, for example, comprised of n-characters stored on the hard drive of a typical computer is accordingly described by a string of 8n zeros and ones. Herein lies a key difference between your classical computer and a quantum computer. Where a classical computer obeys the well understood laws of classical physics, a quantum computer is a device that harnesses physical phenomenon unique to quantum mechanics (especially quantum interference) to realize a fundamentally new mode of information processing.
          Follow the Dollar Math: How Much Do Pharmacies, Wholesalers, and PBMs Make From a Prescription?        
Yesterday,The Wall Street Journal published an intriguing article by Jonathan Rockoff titled Behind the Push to Keep Higher-Priced EpiPen in Consumers’ Hands.

The article includes a graphic attributed to me (cited as Pembroke Consulting). It shows that the drug channel—pharmacy benefit managers (PBMs), wholesalers, and pharmacies—receive more than $37 in gross profit for a brand-name drug with a $300 list price. PBMs capture about half of this amount.

The WSJ article doesn’t describe how I arrived at the figures. But now you, Drug Channels reader, will get the inside scoop.

Below, I go inside the box and trace these crucial computations. They determine the revenues and profits of the drug channel participants that operate between a brand-name drug maker and the patient. I also reveal how the figures affect the net prescription cost for a third-party payer.

As with many things, you'll have to observe the system to figure out the superposition.
Read more »
        

          Seven Years of Serving and Studying the Legal Needs of Digital Journalism        

We have some important news to share from the Digital Media Law Project. After seven years of providing legal assistance to independent journalism through various methods, the DMLP will soon spin off its most effective initiatives and cease operation as a stand-alone project within the Berkman Center. The upcoming changes will ensure that our work continues in a robust and sustainable fashion, and so, while those of us here are a bit melancholy to see the end of an era, we are hopeful for what comes next.

I wanted to take this opportunity to look back over the history of the DMLP and its accomplishments, and to talk a bit about what the future will hold for our work.

The Beginning

In 2007, a group of scholars and attorneys at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society recognized a growing problem for online speech: namely, that a vast array of bloggers, citizen journalists, and other non-professional writers were publishing information on the Internet without a solid understanding of their rights and responsibilities under the law. Those without legal training or resources were unprepared for challenges such as defamation, privacy, and copyright claims, and often ran into pitfalls when dealing with issues such as corporate formation, contract negotiation, and development of website policies.

While the Berkman Center had been providing legal services to online ventures for several years through the Harvard Law School Cyberlaw Clinic, this growing need among independent publishers was simultaneously too widespread for the Clinic to address through its existing service model and too basic in many specific instances to present a valid case-by-case training opportunity for law students. A different approach was required.

Thus, in May 2007 the Berkman Center launched a new experiment: the "Citizen Media Law Project." The CMLP was an offshoot of the Cyberlaw Clinic, intended to address the lack of legal knowledge among bloggers and citizen journalists through the publication of online informational resources targeted at lay readers. The CMLP's primary resource was a detailed Legal Guide, which provided basic information on a broad array of media law and business law topics that online publishers could expect to encounter. The CMLP's Threats Database tracked legal challenges to online speech, such as lawsuits, police activity, and cease and desist letters, in order to address the lack of publicly available background information and primary source material relating to this type of activity.

The CMLP also engaged in a number of public outreach efforts, including organizing conferences, making speaking appearances, publishing its regular blog, and maintaining an online forum for discussion of legal issues affecting digital speech. These activities had the effect of raising the public profile of the project as an authoritative source of legal information.

The Online Media Legal Network

While these resources were successful and popular, there remained situations where citizen journalists and bloggers required more than just general legal information; rather, they needed the direct assistance of attorneys. Many members of the CMLP's audience were unable to afford counsel to support their legal rights, even if thanks to the CMLP's resources they had an understanding of those rights. Occasionally, CMLP staff members would represent a client directly in connection with narrowly defined legal questions; more commonly, the CMLP would appear as an amicus curiae in cases involving free speech issues. But this was insufficient to meet the needs of the CMLP's constituency.

Again, a broader solution was necessary, and in November 2009 the CMLP expanded its ability to support clients with the launch of its free attorney referral service, the Online Media Legal Network. The launch of the OMLN marked a quantum leap in the breadth and impact of the CMLP's services, placing individual online media clients in contact with skilled media and business attorneys throughout the United States willing to provide legal services on a pro bono or reduced fee basis. The network expanded dramatically as the CMLP promoted the concept of pro bono media law services, eventually reaching the point where the OMLN's member attorneys included hundreds of law firms, individual attorneys, and legal clinics, with members in all fifty states (plus the District of Columbia) and affiliations with international media law networks.

The "Early Warning System"

Throughout the growth of the project, the CMLP was building relationships with a wide array of partners, including the attorneys of the OMLN and their clients, non-profit organizations dedicated to journalism and online freedom, academic affiliates at other universities, and journalists and press organizations experimenting with online media. These individuals and organizations were eager to share their experiences with law in the digital age, and it became apparent that this feedback could provide critical information about breaking legal issues affecting online speech.

The CMLP began to treat these networks as an "early warning system" for legal questions worthy of attention. For example, at the end of 2011, the CMLP's networks alerted the project to issues at the Internal Revenue Service with respect to the agency's withholding of tax exemptions for non-profit journalism. Over the next three months, the CMLP investigated the issue and developed a tailored response in the form of an interactive resource that identified the challenges for journalism at the IRS, demystified the IRS's decision-making process, and provided guidance for meeting the agency's standards. The CMLP's IRS resource was extremely well received, and appears to have had a significant role in breaking up a backlog of applications at the agency.

Through the early warning system approach, the CMLP added greater flexibility to its operations, allowing us to identify new systemic imbalances in the law affecting online speech and to develop responses accordingly. This approach provided the CMLP with the guiding principle for its research, speaking appearances, and interventions in court cases.

Putting the Pieces Together

Over time, the CMLP organized its various efforts into five core initiatives: (1) the Legal Guide; (2) the Threats Database; (3) the Online Media Legal Network; (4) a "Research and Response" system to handle emerging issues; and (5) CMLP publishing through a series of online fora, including this blog. It was now easier to see how the activities of the project could function together to provide a coordinated set of legal resources for the public. When a client needed to speak to an attorney, they could be sent to the OMLN, but when their issues were not ripe enough to need a one-on-one consultation, the Legal Guide could serve their needs. The Threats Database provided attorneys and academics with neutral information about pending cases, but when legal issues became a problematic trend, the Research and Response initiative would develop more targeted responses. The CMLP blog changed in its tone from a forum for general commentary to a source for deeper insight and analysis of breaking issues at the intersection of law, technology and journalism.

It had also become clear that the original concept of the CMLP as serving a class of amateur bloggers and citizen journalists distinct from professional news outlets did not accurately reflect the nature of the online publishing environment. The CMLP had repeatedly encountered and assisted professional journalists who were nevertheless independent of traditional media outlets, either by choice or due to the economic disruption of the journalism industry. The project found that these clients had needs as significant as those of their "citizen" counterparts. The project recognized that distinctions between professional and citizen journalists were less important than analyzing the needs of online media as a whole.

The "Digital Media Law Project"

With this shift of focus, the project was able to respond to a range of important legal issues, including: First Amendment protection for the use of cameras to record the actions of public officials; legal constraints on newsgathering at the 2012 U.S. political conventions and the use of cameras at the 2012 national elections; the abuse of trademark law as a method of suppressing critical speech; the impact of legal regimes governing online intermediaries on data journalism and crowdsourced reporting; the use of digital technology to inform the public about judicial activity; systemic issues in the issuance of media credentials by government and private organizations; and more. Formalizing its new approach, the CMLP removed "Citizen" from its name in 2013, becoming the "Digital Media Law Project."

The Online Media Legal Network had by this time also emerged as an independent source of data for research purposes. By September 2013, the OMLN had placed its 500th client matter with a network attorney. In recognition of that milestone, the Digital Media Law Project conducted a comprehensive survey of its past clients and their legal needs, releasing that information in a report entitled The Legal Needs of Emerging Online Media: The Online Media Legal Network at 500 Referrals. This review of the issues facing a substantial sample of new and innovative online journalism ventures revealed that these clients' legal needs were in many respects not very different from those of traditional media organizations; while there were some distinctions, the primary difference lay in their ability to meet those needs.

The Future

Fundamentally, the Berkman Center is an incubation space that fosters experimentation in the study of the Internet and the development of tools and services that address the online world's many challenges. After seven years at the Berkman Center, the DMLP has grown from an experimental project that addressed the legal needs of an emerging class of bloggers and citizen journalists into a service organization that provides structured legal resources for the entire range of independent online journalism. We are extraordinarily proud of the work the DMLP has done, but now that the experimentation phase of the project is over, we have determined that the best path forward is to identify the most useful elements of the DMLP's operation, and make sure that they have permanent homes.

Some of our services - most notably our Legal Guide and Threats Database, along with our collection of research studies - will remain at the Berkman Center, reintegrated into the Cyberlaw Clinic where they will benefit from the support of law students and serve not only as an important resource for the public but as a tool to train young attorneys about legal issues vital to online communication. While our blog will cease publishing new posts, our archive of blog entries will remain available to the public. The Online Media Legal Network will find a new home outside of the Berkman Center with a non-profit organization that shares the DMLP's commitment to providing legal services to online media (we have a very exciting prospect lined up, but it's a bit early to report). While different aspects of the DMLP's work will continue in different places, we expect that the organizations taking on this work will work closely together to provide a coherent set of resources that address the diverse legal needs of online media.

These transitions will take place over the next few months, and the DMLP itself will wind up operations as an independent project as of September 30. As for those of us who work at the DMLP, we'll be moving on to other projects as well. I myself will be stepping back from my full-time role as the director of the DMLP as of June 30, but will be serving as a consultant to the Berkman Center through the transition period. Andy Sellars, our assistant director, will join the Cyberlaw Clinic as a Clinical Fellow and continue his work on freedom of speech and intellectual property issues in that context, including supervision of the Legal Guide and Threats Database in their new home. We don't know yet who will take custody of our office spider plant, Meiklejohn, but we're sure that the decision will be made by an electorate informed by the free flow of ideas.

***

It has been our pleasure to serve our constituency of online media projects and independent journalists over the last seven years, and those of us at the DMLP look forward to continuing this work in new ways. I would like to offer our gratitude to all of our colleagues at the Berkman Center (and especially the team at the Cyberlaw Clinic), our partners at other organizations, the volunteer attorneys of the Online Media Legal Network, our roll of contributing bloggers, and all of our donors and foundation supporters.

Most especially, I would like to thank: our founder and first director, David Ardia; our mentors and principal investigators, Phil Malone and Urs Gasser; Cyberlaw Clinic Managing Director Christopher Bavitz; my assistant director, Andy Sellars; and all of the other staff and interns of the CMLP/DMLP throughout the years: Sharo Atmeh, Julie Babayan, Lee Baker, Sam Bayard, Kristin Bergman, Reed Bienvenu, Rebekah Bradway, Arthur Bright, Jillian Button, Lauren Campbell, Tom Casazzone, Tuna Chatterjee, L.T. Ciaccio, Jason Crow, Alexandra Davies, Nicholas DeCoster, Jim Ernstmeyer, Vanessa Fazio, Courtney French, Helen Fu, Kelly Hoffman, Marshall Hogan, Kimberley Isbell, Olivia Jennings, Kyle Junik, Dan Kahn, Ryan Kane, Jane Kleiner, Erika Kweon, Frances Katz, Michael Lambert, Tim Lamoureux, Jason Liss, Matt Lovell, Katie Mapes, Ryan McGrady, Tabitha Messick, Natalie Nicol, Daniel Ostrach, Marc Pennington, Marina Petrova, Rich Quincy, Colin Rhinesmith, Amanda Rice, Caity Ross, David Russcol, Matt C. Sanchez, Alison Schary, Samantha Scheller, Natalie Senst, John Sharkey, Justin Silverman, Brittany Griffin Smith, Aaron Sokoloff, Lina Somait, Jillian Stonecipher, Konstantinos Stylianou, Tom Sullivan, Yixin Tang, Daniel Ungar, Caitlin Vogus, Miriam Weiler, and Stefani Wittenauer.

Addendum: The DMLP by the Numbers

Jeff Hermes has been the Director of the Digital Media Law Project since 2011, and has been proud of every minute.

Subject Area: 


          Comment on Symphony of Science–Quantum Physics by Dean Fontenot        
This is such a cool video. No one can help but learn something about physics from this.
          10 Teknologi Masa Depan.!!        
Manusia akan segera memasuki masa depan.
Teknologi bergerak sedemikian cepatnya sehingga dalam waktu tidak lama lagi seluruh dunia akan berubah besar-besaran. Teknologi-teknologi baru yang sedang dikembangkan benar-benar revolusioner, hal-hal yang nyaris tidak pernah terbayangkan sebelumnya oleh para ilmuwan dan hanya ada dalam khayalan-khayalan manusia.

Di suatu hari nanti, manusia mungkin bisa hidup ratusan tahun tanpa mengenal penyakit, memiliki kecerdasan yang genius, dan pergi bertamasya ke luar angkasa.

Ini adalah beberapa teknologi revolusioner yang diperkirakan akan merubah seluruh dunia :
1. Mesin-mesin Cerdas Seukuran Atom, Nanoteknologi
2. Zaman Manusia-manusia Super, Rekayasa Genetika
3. Energi terdahsyat di Alam Semesta, Fusi Nuklir
4. Regenerasi Wolverine, Stem Cell
5. Komputer Kuantum
6. Baju Menghilang Harry Potter, Metamaterial
7. Space Elevator, Tangga Menuju Bintang-bintang
8. Scramjet
9. Hidup Ratusan Tahun, Resveratrol.
10. Penyatuan Manusia dan Mesin, Singularitas.

1. Mesin-mesin Cerdas Seukuran Atom, Nanoteknologi
“Coal and diamonds, sand and computer chips, cancer and healthy tissue: throughout history, variations in the arrangement of atoms have distinguished the cheap from the cherished, the diseased from the healthy. Arranged one way, atoms make up soil, air, and water. Arranged another, they make up ripe strawberries. Arranged one way, they make up homes and fresh air; arranged another, they make up ash and smoke”.Eric Drexler, Engines of Creation


Nanoteknologi adalah segala teknologi masa depan yang memungkinan manusia memanipulasi partikel-partikel super kecil yang besarnya nyaris seukuran atom! Nanometer sendiri adalah ukuran 1/semilyar meter, atau nyaris ketebalan rambut dibelah 50.000. Itulah kedahsyatan teknologi nano.

Tujuannya adalah menciptakan material-material baru masa depan, bahkan mesin-mesin dan robot-robot seukuran partikel. Material-material itu akan bisa lebih kuat dari intan, super ringan, tahan panas dan dingin dengan skala yang ekstrim, mampu menghantarkan listrik lebih baik, lebih tahan lama, ramah lingkungan dan seterusnya.

Kemungkinan aplikasinya benar-benar dahsyat dan akan merubah seluruh dunia. Bayangkan bila kita bisa menciptakan berbagai material baru yang lebih keras dari intan, dan jauh lebih ringan dari baja. (Carbon nanotubes, sp2 bond). Kita bisa menciptakan kerangka super kuat untuk mobil, pesawat terbang, atau bangunan dan jembatan. Dengan bobotnya yang lebih ringan, semua mobil dan pesawat juga akan lebih hemat energi.

Kita bisa menciptakan baju anti kusut dan tahan noda. Kita juga bisa menciptakan robot berukuran bakteria, nanobots, dan memasukanya ke dalam tubuh manusia. Fungsinya bisa dari menyembuhkan penyakit, menghancurkan sel-sel kanker, bahkan memperkuat tubuh manusia (Feynman, ”Swallowing the Doctor”). Nanobots ataupun nanoparticles bahkan nantinya diperkirakan juga akan bisa kembali menutup lubang ozon.

Dengan komponen seukuran nano, kita bisa membuat supercomputer sebesar kotak korek api, dan media penyimpanan data yang menyimpan jutaan gigabyte informasi tentang umat manusia dan seluruh alam semesta, sebesar seujung kuku.
Bagaimana teknologi ini bisa dilakukan? Karena mikroskop super-canggih yang dapat melihat atom sudah ada sejak 1981, Scanning Tunneling Microscope (STM), dan Atomic Force Microscope (AFM, 1986).
2. Era Manusia-manusia Super, Rekayasa Genetika

“Human genetic engineering has the potential to change human beings' appearance, adaptability, intelligence, character, and behaviour. It may potentially be used in creating more dramatic changes in humans”.
Wikipedia Genetic Engineering.

Manusia telah berhasil memetakan gennya dalam proyek raksasa “The Human Genome Project”. Dengan data ini manusia mempunyai peta informasi untuk mengeksplorasi fungsi dan potensi dari tiap gen dalam tubuh manusia. Mulai dari gen yang menentukan bentuk fisik manusia, gen penyebab kanker, gen yang membentuk ingatan, gen yang menciptakan kecerdasan, bahkan gen khusus yang mengatur proses penuaan.

Ini nantinya akan memungkinkan dilakukannya rekayasa genetika untuk menciptakan manusia-manusia masa depan yang sangat unggul. Manusia dengan kesehatan sempurna, terbebas dari penyakit, berumur lebih dari 100 tahun dan mempunyai kecerdasan mendekati genius.

Bayangkan bila manusia menemukan gen spesial yang membuat Einstein menjadi genius. Lalu gen itu bisa ditransfer ke seluruh umat manusia. Atau keunggulan fisik David Beckham, atau bahkan kharisma John F. Kennedy.

Tapi rekayasa genetika tidak hanya untuk manusia, tapi juga bisa untuk tumbuhan dan hewan ternak. Rekayasa genetika bisa menciptakan padi dan gandum jenis baru dengan hasil panen yang berkali-kali lipat. Kita juga bisa menciptakan daging sapi yang lebih empuk dan gurih. Kita bahkan juga bisa menciptakan tanaman dan hewan konsumsi dengan nilai gizi yang unggul.

3. Energi Terdahsyat di seluruh Alam Semesta, The Power of the Stars

“What would fusion mean? Endless, cheap energy. Amazing Star Trek, space travel possibilities. Fame, fortune, and undoubtedly a Nobel or two for the lucky scientist”.

The Observer, Desember 2000

Matahari, setiap detiknya, mengeluarkan energi sebesar seluruh energi yang digunakan seluruh umat manusia sepanjang sejarahnya. Energi plasma hidrogen raksasa sebesar 380 Milyar-milyar Mega-Watt (380^26 MW), per detiknya. Inilah energi yang dikenal sebagai energi Fusi Nuklir (Nuclear Fusion), The power of the Sun. Dan para ilmuwan dunia sedang berusaha mendapatkannya.
Dan ini adalah energi yang membuat bintang-bintang raksasa di alam semesta terbakar selama milyaran tahun. Energi terdahsyat, di seluruh alam semesta.

Sebuah percobaan besar sedang dilakukan di kota kecil Cadarache di ujung selatan Perancis dalam sebuah proyek bernama ITER. Disini atom Deuterium dan Tritium dilebur dengan panas mencapai 150 juta derajat Celcius, nyaris 10 kali panas inti Matahari. Wadah peleburannya dilindungi oleh medan magnet Tokamak sehingga tidak meleleh.

Hebatnya adalah bahwa Deuterium bisa dihasilkan dari air laut biasa, dan Tritium dibentuk dari Lithium yang bisa didapat dari batu alam. Energi terdahsyat di seluruh alam semesta dari Air dan Batu alam.

Kalau para ilmuwan ini berhasil menciptakannya, maka seluruh dunia akan mempunyai sumber energi baru yang dahsyat menggantikan minyak bumi. Energi ini akan begitu besar dan efisien, tidak terbatas, sangat murah, serta ramah lingkungan.

(Note : penggunaan nanoteknologi dalam sel photovoltaic tenaga surya, nanocrystal, juga dikatakan memiliki potensi energi super besar yang mampu menggantikan minyak bumi).

4. Regenerasi Wolverine, Stem Cell
Bayangkan bila penyakit jantung dan diabetes bisa disembuhkan secara sempurna, orang lumpuh bisa berjalan, dan orang buta, bisa melihat kembali.

Anda pernah melihat seekor cecak, yang bisa menumbuhkan kembali ekornya yang putus dengan sempurna? Atau jika anda penggemar komik ”X-Men”, anda pasti tahu tokoh superhero bernama Wolverine. Saat tubuhnya tertusuk pisau atau tertembus peluru, dia dapat menyembuhkan lukanya dengan nyaris seketika. Ia dapat meregenerasi seluruh sel-sel tubuhnya dengan sempurna, secara instan.
Tapi itu cuma khayalan. Ada sejenis cacing bernama “planarian worm”, yang banyak hidup di laut maupun sungai, yang mampu menumbuhkan ulang bahkan nyaris seluruh tubuhnya.

Planaria, terutama spesies Schmidtea mediterranea, mampu meregenerasi utuh tubuhnya, bahkan bila tinggal sepotong kecil saja tubuhnya yang tersisa, sampai 1/300 bagian. Dan bila kepalanya dihilangkanpun, dia akan menumbuhkan kembali kepalanya dengan sempurna.

Bagaimana jika manusia bisa melakukan itu nantinya? Jika kita dapat secara langsung mengganti semua sel-sel tubuh kita yang rusak dengan sempurna dan tanpa cacat. Para ilmuwan telah nyaris mencapai keajaiban itu. Teknologi biologi molekular bernama Stem Cell, atau Sel Induk. Ini adalah sel paling dasar dari tubuh manusia, yang bisa berubah, atau dirubah, menjadi sel atau organ apapun di tubuh manusia.

Bila anda memiliki penyakit jantung, maka sel jantung itu bisa diganti dengan stem sel dan jantung anda akan berfungsi normal kembali. Bila anda mengalami kebutaan, sel retina anda bisa diganti dengan sel baru dari sel induk dan anda akan bisa melihat kembali.

Jika anda menderita penyakit yang berhubungan dengan fungsi otak seperti stroke, alzheimer atau parkinson, maka sel otak anda yang rusak, bahkan jaringan pusat otak cerebral cortex, bisa diganti dengan stem cell. Dan kalau anda menderita diabetes, maka stem cell akan menyelamatkan anda dengan meregenerasi sel pankreas penghasil hormon insulin.

Stem Cell benar-benar membawa revolusi besar dalam kesehatan umat manusia.

5. Komputer Kuantum

Bayangkan sebuah komputer masa depan, yang kecepatannya ribuan kali lebih cepat dari supercomputer tercepat sekarang. Ribuan kali lebih cepat dan efisien dari IBM ”Roadrunner” di Los Alamos yang kecepatannya mencapai 1.7 petaflops (1 petaflop = 10^15 operasi per detik).

Inilah kedahsyatan komputer kuantum. Komputer ini begitu dahsyat karena diciptakan memakai fenomena keajaiban dunia kuantum, Superposition dan Quantum Entanglement.

Dalam pemecahan kode misalnya (kriptografi), untuk memecahkan kode yang digitnya sampai 140, komputer biasa akan memerlukan waktu milyaran tahun untuk memecahkannya. Tapi dengan komputer kuantum, ini bisa dipecahkan hanya dalam waktu beberapa puluh menit saja.
Dengan komputer ini manusia juga akan bisa memprediksikan cuaca di bumi dan gejala-gejala alam lain yang sangat kompleks dengan sangat akurat berbulan-bulan sebelumnya, seperti gempa bumi dan tornado. Dan tentu saja ini akan makin merevolusikan lagi kecepatan pengembangan seluruh teknologi canggih yang ada sekarang.

6. Jubah Menghilang Harry Potter, Metamaterial
“The announcement last November of an "invisibility shield," created by David R. Smith of Duke University and colleagues, inevitably set the media buzzing with talk of H. G. Wells's invisible man and Star Trek's Romulans”.
MIT Technology Review

Hanya beberapa tahun yang lalu, seluruh ilmuwan ternama dunia masih yakin bahwa tidak ada satupun material di dunia ini yang bisa membuat manusia menghilang. Itu benar-benar tidak mungkin, karena itu melanggar semua hukum alam yang diketahui manusia. Tapi mereka semua salah..
Metamaterial, menjadi salahsatu bahan yang ramai dibicarakan. Bahan ini bisa membuat sesuatu, menjadi tidak terlihat. Sebuah baju yang menggunakan teknologi ini bisa membuat pemakainya ”menghilang”, seperti jubah ajaib dalam ”Harry Potter”.

Sebuah pesawat tempur dengan bahan metamaterial akan jadi tidak terlihat, bukan sekedar tidak terlihat radar seperti teknologi ”Stealth”, tapi benar-benar tidak terlihat mata seperti alat cloaking device dalam Star Trek.

Ini bisa dilakukan misalnya dengan menciptakan material artifisial yang mampu membelokkan radiasi elektromagnetik, demikian pula dengan cahaya, yang pada dasarnya adalah radiasi elektromagnetik. Bahannya bisa seperti timah dan plastik yang diatur dalam struktur pola tertentu.

Metamaterial akan membelokkan cahaya, mengelilingi obyek yang diselimutinya dan berkumpul kembali di ujungnya, seperti air sungai mengelilingi sebuah batu. Dalam penelitian terakhir di Perdue University mereka menggunakan jarum-jarum khusus yang akan membelokkan cahaya melampaui obyek yang diselubungi sementara obyek di belakangnya akan terlihat.

Material ini sedang diteliti di seluruh dunia termasuk di MIT, University of California Berkeley, Duke University, dan Caltech di LA.

7. Space Elevator, Tangga Menuju Bintang-bintang
Space elevator atau Tangga Luar angkasa adalah seperti lift yang sangat tinggi dari bumi menuju ke orbit bumi di luar angkasa, 35.000 kilometer tingginya. Dengan lift ini perjalanan ke orbit bumi akan menjadi lebih mudah, dan murah.
Banyak orang berharap, bahwa program ruang angkasa yang tadinya berhenti sampai di bulan karena sangat mahal, akan bisa dimulai lagi. Dan mungkin impian manusia untuk pergi ke Mars, akan terwujud.

Lift ini awalnya hanya berupa khayalan, tapi ternyata dengan ditemukannya sebuah teknologi baru, hal ini menjadi sangat memungkinkan diwujudkan. Teknologi itu adalah Carbon nanotube, material baru yang dikatakan lebih kuat dari intan dan lebih ringan dari baja.

Hal ini nantinya akan memungkinkan dimulainya era baru dalam penjelahajan ruang angkasa.

8. Memasuki Era Hiper-Sonik, Scramjet
Scramjet akan menjadi salahsatu revolusi terbesar dalam sejarah transportasi dunia. Pesawat tempur tercanggih di dunia sekarang, F/A-22 Raptor milik Amerika berkecepatan maksimal Mach 2, atau 2 kali kecepatan suara. Pesawat penumpang Scramjet, akan membawa anda terbang dengan kecepatan 10 kali kecepatan suara, Mach 10.
Penerbangan dari New York ke Tokyo yang sekarang ditempuh dalam waktu 18 jam yang panjang dan melelahkan, akan ditempuh Scramjet, hanya dalam 120 menit.

Scramjet tidak perlu memakai bahan bakar roket biasa yang mahal dan berat, bahan bakarnya menggunakan hidrogen cair yang dicampur penyedotan oksigen langsung dari atmosfer (air-breathing scramjet engine). Pembakaran hidrogen dan oksigen pada kecepatan supersonik inilah yang akan mengakselerasikan kecepatannya.

Ini akan membuat penerbangan dari satu tempat ke tempat lain di seluruh dunia menjadi super cepat.

9. Fountain Of Youth, Resveratrol
Mungkin, nantinya kita bisa menemukan sesuatu yang memungkinkan kita hidup ratusan tahun. Tapi para ilmuwan mungkin telah menemukannya, sesuatu yang dinamakan “Sirtuin”, Silent Information Regulator 2 (Sir2) proteins dan resveratrol, zat antioxidan yang ternyata banyak ditemukan dalam buah anggur merah (Jadi sering-seringlah makan buah anggur.)

Tapi para ilmuwan juga telah menciptakan sesuatu yang bahkan lebih kuat dari resveratrol yaitu sebuah obat dengan kode, SRT1720.

“SRT1720 is a thousand times more potent than resveratrol, meaning that it could be taken in smaller doses. A person would have to drink hundreds of glasses of wine to get the same health benefits from resveratrol. Resveratrol will pretty soon look like ancient technology,"
David Sinclair, a biologist at Harvard Medical School

10. Singularitas.

Suatu hari nanti, akan datang suatu masa dimana melalui rekayasa genetika seluruh manusia akan mempunyai fisik dan kecerdasan yang nyaris sempurna.
Lalu dengan kemajuan teknologi komputer, komputer kuantum dan nanoteknologi memungkinkan manusia memasukkan Quantum Computer berukuran partikel ke dalam otaknya dan menggunakan partikel-partikel nano untuk makin memperkuat tubuhnya. Ini adalah hal yang dinamakan Singularitas. Penyatuan antara biologi manusia dengan teknologi.

          VA - United Colours Of Trance Vol. 1 (2010)        


Artist: Various Artists
Album: United Colours Of Trance Vol. 1
Genre: Trance
Label: Beyond Logic Records
Quality: 320 kbps / 44.1kHz / Joint-Stereo
Playing Time: 01:14:16
Total Size: 178 MB

Tracklisting

01. Perplex Vs Michele Adamson - Keep Friends Meltdown (Indra Rmx)
02. Sygnosis - Recycle
03. White Noise - Distortion
04. Black And White - Pop Up (Onyx Rmx)
05. Sygnosis - United Colours Of Trance
06. Quantum - Bunker
07. Simon Says - 2Minds
08. Synsun - Disco Bomber
09. Botanica - Happiness
10. Audialize Vs Elektronick - Elektrolize

Скачать с Depositfiles
Скачать с LetItBit

Разделы: 


          Chinese quantum satellite sends 'unbreakable' code        

Chinese quantum satellite sends 'unbreakable' codeChina has sent an "unbreakable" code from a satellite to the Earth, marking the first time space-to-ground quantum key distribution technology has been realized, state media said on Thursday. China launched the world's first quantum satellite last August, to help establish "hack proof" communications, a development the Pentagon has called a "notable advance". The official Xinhua news agency said the latest experiment was published in the journal Nature on Thursday, where reviewers called it a "milestone".



          Tim Tam Slam...or meditation on a cookie        
For best results, start the video below and let it completely buffer before you start reading. If things of an erotic nature disturb you, please close this tab/window now. While probably completely safe for most work environments, some may find the content of this post objectionable. My apologies, but I've given fair warning. Forewarned is fore-armed. With love and daisies. For those of you still here, start the video when it's buffered. It will probably end before you finish reading. Yeah...I tried to pare it back, but the words wouldn't stop and wouldn't be edited out.

I turn off the lights and light a single scented candle, the one that is reminiscent of a burning fireplace. Cuppa hot tea? Check. Tim Tam biscuit (cookie)? Check. The good headphones instead of the earbuds that won't stay in my itsy-bitsy ears? Check. E.S Posthumus' "Arise" (from their new Makara album) cued and ready to go? Check. I think I'm ready. I click play.

I slide off my socks and stretch my bare feet, wiggling my toes. Ooooh, that does feel nice. I sit back in the papasan nest, carefully holding the cup in one hand as it warms my cool fingertips and a bickie (cookie; yes, my vocabulary is eclectic, culturally diverse, and sometimes, even, very made up, like my world) in the other hand. Stretching out my legs feels good; I rest them on a pillow on the ancient steamer trunk I use as a desk/table/storage for subversive civil disobedience fliers for a peace protest (just making sure you're paying attention). As my eyes trace my candle-shadowed surroundings and I begin to well and truly groove with the magical, celestial music, I sink into the chair, very relaxed and comfortable. Am I ready to turn One?

I take the wee smallest nibble of an upper corner of my Tim Tam biscuit. Chocolate-covered chocolate biscuit with...{unexpected anticipatory pause with fancy brackets}...creamy chocolate filling. Mmm...this is tasty. Then, I flip it top to bottom and bite off the diagonal corner. Nice, if not delectable. I have the attention of my taste buds, which are beginning to ping and spark, wondering if mayhaps there's more coming, and mayhaps it's even better stuff. Ya never know, it's happened before.

Slowly, carefully, I raise my cup to meet my bickie, and use it as a straw. I suck the tea slowly and steadily into my mouth until I begin to feel the bickie begin to cave and give in under the pressure of the gentle grasp of my thumb and fingers. At this point, I lower my cup and shove the whole Tim Tam into my eagerly-waiting mouth. As soon as I slide my lips closed around this concoction that is ever-so-quickly having its molecules melted, it literally just explodes. It instantly transforms from the solid it was into these gooey, triple-chocolatey waves that just kind of swell and roll around in my mouth, teasing my tongue and caressing my palate. Simultaneously, the music also swells into this magnificently tense pause before going orgasmic, turning mercuric, finding even the hidden-away hidey-holes of my Being. There are fireworks shooting almost violently into a sky so dark, even with the brightest-ever stars twinkling my wonder. I am melting into this sweet pool of stickiness. My taste buds are now changing the frequency of their vibration and are indistinguishable from the atoms, those nearly-empty containers of g*d, with whoom they are dancing and mingling and intertwining and becoming yummily and foreverly quantumly entangled. I am spinning and twirling, grooving and celebrating my divine Amness, naked and true.

And now these tastes and sounds and feelings and sensations swirl and dance around and into me before gobbling me up and swallowing me and separating my soul from my body while its toes begin to curl, its fingers clutch tightly the quilt on the papasan, and its back lightly arches.

I'm gone. I don't exist. There's no chocolate. There's no Tim Tam. There's no music. There's no tea. There's no sleepy, purring cat curled up next to me. There are no thoughts from me. There is no me. There is only this One perception of everything being so completely perfect at this moment that it truly doesn't matter what happened in the last moment nor what may happen in the next because this moment is perfect and why the hell would I want to go anywhere else? This is all there is. This perfect nothingness that contains an empty everything.

Singularity. In this very moment, I am One.

I am abandonedly lost and lost with abandon and time does not exist and I believe that because my bicycle buddy, Einstein, said so, so there is no time and nothing is wrong and I want this to last forever. Wait..."I want"? Who said that? And who is thinking "How long is forever?" The height of the orgasmic musical note decreases, and I hear the next note so gently whisper into the room to try and sustain me here just an iota longer. But the next musical notes are already on the stage, gently playing me back into my empty body lying down there in the papasan.

All of a sudden, I am gently aware of my curled toes and fingers and of my heart beating and my chest moving as I breathe. The shadowed surroundings come into focus again and I hear the almost-liturgical strains of the next track, "Saint Matthew Passionate". No wonder it sounds monk-tested and giant cathedral-approved. But passionate? Oooh...ladles and jellyspoons, you have no idea. Methinks Matthew was peeking through the window.

Oh.My.g*d.That.Was.So.Awesome.I.Almost.Want.A.Cigarette.And.Now.I.Need.A.Snuggle.

          Why I am a vegetarian        
I posted a rather icky picture on Facebook last night. My bicycle ride earlier took me to a cornfield next to the eagle tree (see my earlier posts about bald eagles) where I happened to find a little, dead mouse, not so much decomposed as half-missing by being eaten. By wasps. I'm sure other creatures have had their feast, as well. I was first taken aback by the rather horrid image of it all, especially because I am very drawn to rodents and have had many as pets. Unfortunately, my allergies to them over the years have grown to the point where keeping them is impossible. In any case, I saw a photo opportunity that young boys will find "Coooool!", curmudgeons will think, "Good riddance!" and the squeamish won't even look at a second time after glancing and squealing, "Ewwwwww!"

My sadness for this wee thing very quickly turned to blessings for its little life, sending it whatever energy its consciousness needed in case it was hanging around, confused. You know, his soul, his energy. Not his wasp-ravaged body. And I took pictures, because I saw the beauty in this mouse's body offering sustenance to who-knows how many other creatures. I saw it as a very compassionate, Buddhist thing to do, whatever that means. I'm not a Buddhist, but I dig the philosophy on a subatomic level. Seriously. It's all quantum, but that's another blog for another time. And one of these days, I'm going to owe my humble group of readers an an awful lot of posts; I keep mentioning that there are important tangents to my stories.

After posting the image, I received a private message from one of my friends. I've decided to post it here to explain why I'm a vegetarian.

Good day to you! I want to ask you a question about vegetarianism, in relation to your picture of the wasps feeding on the dead mouse. I don't criticize your choice not to eat meat. But how do you reconcile your view of the mouse as 'serving' while the wasps feed on its flesh? Is it the fact that the mouse was not raised expressly for slaughter, but instead ended up where it did through a natural chain of events? I'm curious.

I think it is a powerful picture, in that it shows a side of nature that more squeamish folks would like to pretend don't exist. It's not beautiful as in "oh what a pretty sunset", but it shows the essence of one of life's many cycles, and how life feeds on life. There's lots of people who don't get that aspect.

What's funny is that those squeamish folks hold what I call the "Disney" view of nature: All the animals live in harmony, talking squirrels, cuddly runnybabbits, etc. But then Disney goes and makes "The Lion King" in which Mufasa explains to Simba that the gazelles eat the grass, the lions eat the gazelles, and when they die, they eventually come back as grass and feed the gazelles. Kind of simplified, but there it is in a nutshell.

Like I said, I'm just curious what your take on it was. Thanks for getting my brain stimulated first thing in the morning. Well, that and the coffee I just poured down my throat. That, too.

This was my reply.

I have choices; I can sprout my beans and eat them. I can grow my own food. I can take my money and go to the store and buy food. If I really *had* to, I could beg for food (or the money to buy it) on the streets. Or, I could buy a hamburger, but because there are so many other foods that don't involve the cessation of life before its natural course played out, I choose not to eat meat. I don't believe that raising meat on a factory farm is a natural course, and even the act of raising the animals can cause more harm than good to the entire planet.

My ways of acquiring sustenance are numerous and diverse because my intellect is more evolved than that of the wasps or the mouse or Mufasa. I choose not to be a part of that particular circle of life, although I do hope that, if there's anything left of me to feed on after I'm cremated and scattered, that I can serve that purpose.

And yes, the mouse was not raised expressly as food...to be mistreated (or even treated well) and led blindly through a life that will end at the hands of someone who isn't even thinking about what its life may have meant or could have been. The animal that killed the mouse probably wasn't able to make that choice. I say probably because, if the mouse was killed as sport alone, there will be a different karma for the one doing the slaying than if the mouse had been killed because the predator was hungry...and/or had hungry baby mouths to fill at home. I can think above that and find ways to feed my body without harming a life, something my truth tells me is not right for me.

This does not mean I condemn those who choose to eat meat. It's not my place to do so, so if you want some of the smoked Boston Butt [the estranger] is serving today after smoking it all day yesterday at his place, be there for dinner. He eats late. Very late. You might actually have time to get there while there's some left. As with everything else, our current choices are very, very different. His don't fit me, but they're right for him. I can only be responsible for what I do, and that includes being sure I don't make the rules and laws regarding what is and isn't right for anyone else. You can visit my place for dessert or a proper cuppa afterward. ;)

Only a small percentage of my Facebook friends know how attached I am to meeses, so I'm sure you can probably imagine how difficult it was for me to take those pics. I can see exactly in them what I described in the caption, but what I didn't say is that I still feel sadness for the fear, panic, and pain the mouse may have experienced before it died, no matter whether it died by teeth or disease or being stomped on by something much bigger. But, I know that this is the way things go; to find beauty in such a scene yesterday *was* a powerfully moving experience. There is a Buddhist teaching that has students dwell on real human corpses in various degrees of decomposition. I really never "got" that until yesterday. I don't wholly understand it, but I got a glimpse into how valuable it is to see both sides of the coin, the dark and the light, what happens right after our bodies stop being a living thing. Being sad for the body is a human trait, though I also believe it also belongs to some animals who authentically mourn the death or absence of a loved one. I certainly don't want to be responsible for the death of a creature with such sentience, and I don't believe any of us can make the call as to which animals or even which species have that "knowing".

I hope this helps. It's refreshing when people will ask me these questions rather than tell me that there is absolutely NO freakin' way that there's any difference between the wasps eating that mouse and having Boston Butt for dinner. I feel the difference, and that is enough. Thank you for taking the time to ask, Jason. Namaste'.

          Comment on Why not live and let live? by Barry Appleby        
Do atheists consider that they have tangible proof of the non-existence of a deity? I find it impossible to believe in the the non-existence of something. In any case, since atheists claim to be entirely logical and rational, belief is not applicable. Scientists claim to be motivated purely by reason yet medical experimenters still maintain that diseases that plague human beings can be studied by doing horrible things to mice, dogs, cats, guinea pigs, chimpanzees etc etc. Electric shock treatment, lobotomy and drugs have all been advanced as viable therapies for mental illness without conclusive proof that they are beneficial. Scientists make mistakes and are constantly confronted by gaps in their knowledge or things that they cannot explain, for example, how acupuncture works, despite trials that seem to indicate that it helps to alleviate certain conditions. Science asks me to believe in quarks, neutrinos, string theory and many other weird and wonderful things but calls me an idiot because to me the idea that there might very well be a being or beings that are far more advanced in every way than our species, which I prefer to call homo simian, is no more unreasonable than quantum mechanics or relativity. I might point out that psychiatry and psychology deal in things that are purely abstract, the id, the ego, the Oedipus complex, etc., while the theories that underpin linguistics such as "universal grammar", sociology and economics are equally nebulous. Humanity does not live by reason alone. Are emotions rational? Is love or compassion a rational feeling. Yet morally correct actions may spring from such feelings. The Quakers were responsible in England for pioneering prison reform and founding and running companies that were renown for treating their employees in a way that was far superior to how things are presently done in our soulless globalised world. Atheism like religion can also be abused. If there is no God, then those in power may do as they like with those who are weak and defenceless. Atheismwasan element of Nazism and Communism, two movements whose victims killed in the name of the State or Das Volk far outnumber those killed in the name of God. Dawkins seems to be obsessed with promoting atheism at every turn. I cannot help but think of Billy Graham when I see him bashing the ten commandments. If he were able to read them in the original Hebrew he would understand that the commandment is "thou shall not murder". This was understood in Elizabethan England where it was phrased as "thou shallt do no murder", but modern usage seems to have completely blurred the crucial distinction between premeditated and involuntary killing.. I was not impressed with his depth of knowledge of religion or his use of ridicule to advance his case. He reminds me of a Swedish woman I once knew whose son married a Hindu woman, who, to her great horror, appeared to worship an elephant, because of the figure of Ganesh, commonly found in most Hindu households. To sum up. I believe that belief or non-belief is a matter for the individual conscience. I resent every attempt by Christians to convert me as much as I loathe the same behavior on the part of Communists, Socialists, Anarchist, Existentialists and Atheists. What I believe is nobody else's business. Dawkin's boundless energy would be better employed in getting his fellow scientists to demonstrate the superior of their "rational" beliefs by observing some basic ethical principles with regard to the impact of their activities and the commercial development and application of their discoveries on humans and animals alike, since their callousness and arrogance in the face of the suffering that they cause is unacceptable. Dr Mengele may be dead and burning in Hell but their are far too many of his present-day colleagues alive who believe like him that the end justifies the means and that in the absence of a God, they have the right to do things whose long-term consequences cannot be predicted.
          Yes Join bisnis dapet BB        
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          Robert Wright & George Johnson        
Quantum computing: proof that the universe is really weird ... Are there events that have no cause? ... Mystical secrets of quantum mechanics ... Evolution, ethics, and the yuck factor ... How did we get so nice to each other? ... Group selection: Dawkins vs. Dyson ...
          11.08.17 21:30 Uhr - Nürnberg - MOOR MOTHER        
Tickets erhältlich unter: http://www.frankentipps.de/veranstaltung213410-tickets

MOOR MOTHERs Musik, oft schroff und seltsam, vereint die aus dem Bauch kommende Wut des Punks mit dem umfassenden improvisatorischen Geist eines Sun Ras. Das Album ist Protest und Zeitreise zugleich, eine Sammlung von Sounds, die an sich schon Events sind und Geschichten erzählen. Fetish Bones ist nicht dazu geschaffen, um beim Vergessen zu helfen. Es ist dafür da, an Ungerechtigkeiten zu erinnern und an positiven Veränderungen mitzuwirken.

Die Musikerin, Künstlerin und Aktivistin Camae Ayewa aus Philadelphia, die unter dem Namen MOOR MOTHER auftritt, hat mit Fetish Bones, letztes Jahr ihr gefeiertes Debütalbum auf Don Giovanni Records herausgebracht.
Es enthält 13 Songs, die in Camaes Heim-Studio konzipiert und mit verschiedenen Geräten, Außenaufnahmen und analogen Krachmachern aufgenommen wurden. Heuer kommt schon ein Nachfolger - wir sind gespannt!

Als profilierte Stimme der Kunstgemeinschaft Philadelphias, hat Camae seit 2012 über ein Dutzend EPs digital veröffentlicht. Zusätzlich hat sie in einer Punkband performt, The Mighty Paradocs, und ist außerdem Mitbegründerin der Rockers! Philly, einer Event Serie und Festival, das sich auf Randgruppenkünstler fokussiert. Erst kürzlich ist sie als aktives Mitglied des Black Quantum Futurism Collective, auch durch ein literarische und künstlerische Kollaboration mit Rasheedah Philips (The Afrofuturist Affair) in Erscheinung getreten, und einer ihrer Workshops für dieses afrofuturistische Kollektiv heißt DIY Time Travel und dreht sich um das, was sie auch mit ihrer Musik tut: (schwarzen) Menschen zu helfen sich eine Zukunft vorzustellen.

“Fetish Bones is her masterclass on creating a sensory experience that interrogates your complicity, pushing you through a door that sends you hurtling through time.” – PITCHFORK

“Moor Mother might be the most radical – even the most useful – Afrofuturist artist to emerge for years. Fetish Bones works not just as an atlas and an archive but as a mausoleum, housing the bones of those who have fallen along a bloody trail stretching all the way back to 1886.” – WIRE

“Her music is deliberately raw and unfiltered, like human feelings”– FADER

Links:
http://musikverein-concerts.de/events.php?id=440
          Scientists on the Margins        
by
David Nobes
2005-01-30

INTRODUCTION

The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was convened in Geneva in December of 2003. When the World Summit was announced, many in the scientific community questioned why there was no clear or central role for science and scientists. Scientists at CERN, in particular, expressed their concerns because CERN, one of the premier international collaborative scientific institutions, is regarded by many as the “birthplace” of the Internet.

As a result of the interventions of scientists, the UN and WSIS Secretariat proposed to hold an additional, but separate meeting ahead of the World Summit - the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS). The Role of Science meeting was also held in Geneva, at CERN, immediately before the World Summit. Many who attended RSIS also attended the WSIS. (The RSIS website is still active, as of January 2005).

The RSIS was intended to provide a forum whereby scientists and science administrators could contribute to the ongoing discussions on the Information Society. The discussions focussed on information sharing - the mechanisms for such sharing, and the impact on society that information sharing could have, because it became quickly apparent that information sharing is one of the primary elements in what we have come to call the Information Society, which I will abbreviate here as IS. Information technology is abbreviated as IT.

At this point, it should be noted that many of the participants, this author included, wondered what influence we scientists might have on the larger World Summit. Because of its separateness, many attendees doubted, sometimes publicly, that we would have much impact on the main WSIS “event” (the term used on the website and in the printed material). Many felt that the meeting was nonetheless useful, but more for the informal networks and contacts that we made, rather than for the formal proceedings. This reflects the nature of the Internet and modern electronic communications, which was nicely and concisely described by Tim Berners-Lee, who developed the browser-based interface, the “World Wide Web,” now concomitant with the popular conception of the Internet. He portrayed the “essence” of the Web as “decentralized” and “fractal.” It was originally designed to fill a need to share information (“data”) that was different in nature, format, and style.

[ For a much different conception of a global informational network, albeit one that has yet to be put into popular practice, see the Home Page of Ted Nelson, eds. ]

At the end of the RSIS was a “Visionary Panel Discussion: Science and Governance.” Most of the panel members who discussed the future of the Internet used outdated and outmoded terminology and paradigms, and I think they missed some of the inherent anarchic and democratic aspects of the Internet. Many of us felt that the panel, with the exception of Berners-Lee, showed a lack of understanding of the Internet and the Web. Indeed, the character of the Internet and the Web in many ways reflect how human progress is made, whether we are discussing science or broader societal aspects. We take steps that wander up many blind alleys and false trails before hitting upon solutions to previously unsolved problems. The solutions are almost always imperfect and almost always later superseded by some better approach. It is necessarily unstructured and chaotic, as any creative activity will be. However, those involved directly, such as scientists, are often excluded from the decision-making processes, which tend to be dominated by politicians and bureaucrats who are in general sadly ignorant of science and its methods. I hope to expand on this theme in the report that follows. The issues raised are no less relevant and important a year on from the meeting. The most exciting and innovative projects described during the meeting emphasised the lack of centralized control over the Internet and the Web, and that such control is nearly impossible. We cannot control what people do with the Internet; instead the main issue should be about showing people how to use the Internet effectively and sceptically.

The structure of this report is simple. It follows the structure of the meeting, which was built around the central RSIS “themes”: education; economic development; environment; health; and enabling technologies. I summarise some of the main points and observations from each session, highlighting those talks, presentations and sessions that seem to have best captured the atmosphere of the RSIS and future of the Information Society.

OPENING PLENARY SESSION - “SETTING THE SCENE”

The opening plenary session comprised a series of presentations that ranged widely across the IS spectrum. Adolf Ogi, Special Advisor on WSIS to the Swiss Federal Council, officially welcomed the RSIS participants on behalf of Switzerland, the host country, and challenged the participants to promote “science for all, without boundaries.” He touched on the issues of control of technology and the role of infrastructure, and the costs associated with both. When we say “costs”, we mean both the cost to society as a whole and the cost to the individual. This becomes, then, a major concern in developing countries where personal monetary wealth is limited, and thus access to modern computing tools is limited.

Two speakers put the Role of Science in the context of the World Summit on the Information Society. Adama Samassékou, President of the WSIS Preparation Committee, addressed the gulf between the “haves” and the “have-nots,” using the now common phrase “the digital divide.” However, Samassékou went beyond these almost clichéd terms and viewpoints to discuss the traditional forms of knowledge, and how in the IS world oral traditions, and the information they transmit, are being lost, largely because we have not had a means to incorporate them into the technology of the IS. He emphasised the goal of a lack of boundaries for the sharing of information, and the need to promote the IS within an ethical framework. In this framework, he included environmental ethics. This theme arose again in the special session on the Environment in the IS.

Yoshia Utsumi, Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union, emphasised accessibility of IS, but his emphasis was on scientific access. This was perhaps a reflection of the audience, but was then limited in its scope, especially when considered in the light of some of the presentations that came later in the day. He noted the lack of scientific funding in the developing world, and the “problems” in science policy. My opinion is that “gap” may have been a more appropriate word, because few countries, developing or otherwise, have clear policies for the sharing of information, scientific or otherwise. Many that do have such policies, such as the U.S.A., obstruct information sharing for reasons of “security,” even though open access to data and information is often the best defence. However, as Utsumi noted, this was a beginning of the process of discussion and policy formulation.

After the two RSIS context speakers, we listened to three “keynote” speakers, each of whom gave brief talks: Dr Nitin Desai, Special Advisor to Kofi Annan on WSIS; HRH Princess Maha Chakro Sirindhom of Thailand; and Walter Erdelen, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences at UNESCO. These talks touched on issues of citizen-to-citizen communication and the “digital divide” (Desai), the lack of access to IT and concepts of sustainability in the IS (Sirindhom), and the environment (Erdelen).

Dr Esther Dyson, the Founding Chair of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), was listed as speaking on “the promise of the Information Society and the role that science and technology have played.” ICANN is the organisation responsible for mediating domain names. They do not assign names, per se, but monitor the process and the circumstances. They have little power, but unfortunately are often seen, incorrectly, as responsible for the current morass over domain names. Dyson did not speak on the listed topic, but instead talked about the role of scientists themselves, rather than some monolithic “science,” in the future of the IS. She also emphasised that we cannot solve the problems of the Internet in a question and answer session.

Finally, Ismail Serageldin, the Director-General of the Library of Alexandria, gave a PowerPoint presentation on the state of IT use at the Library. It is impossible to cover all of the material he (rapidly yet effectively) presented. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is making use of IT in many ways, and to a large extent (their website is www.bibalex.org). Some of the problems and issues Serageldin identified for the RSIS were, to name a few:

* effective and accessible publication and dissemination of information, specifically research and the results of research;
* peer-review (or lack thereof for online publications);
* copyright and “fair use” of online materials; and
* Internet library loans.

He discussed the rise of anti-science movements, particularly in the context of fundamentalist religious groups, and both here and in his talk he noted that these were not only Islamic but also Christian fundamentalist groups. Some approaches they used to try to counter such movements were:

* the establishment of a BA science “supercourse”;
* reaching children with “My Book”, which placed the child within the book designed and partly written by the child using online resources; and
* the “Hole in the Wall” computer.

This last approach was particularly interesting and revolutionary. The concept is to place a PC secured into a recess in a wall, using a transparent cover to allow visibility and access to the touch screen. Results showed that illiterate people, especially children and young adults, were learning to read by working their way through Internet connections. They would begin by using the symbols to guide their way, but would eventually learn to decipher at least in part the messages that accompanied those symbols.

One unfortunate omission from the programme was the presentation by Tim Berners-Lee, who was delayed by a snowstorm in Boston, and did not arrive until half way through the second day of the symposium.

“THE FUTURE: What the Scientific Information Society Can Offer”

The next session was a bit of a misnomer. It was a mix of topics, ranging from GIS to technological access for urban and rural poor people to sociological aspects. The sociological paper was simply a written paper read aloud, with a singular lack of the use of any of the technology we had been discussing. The sociological presentation simply served to emphasise the growing gap between scientists and some social scientists, and made me uncomfortably aware of why the Sokal hoax had worked so well amongst the social science journals; the presentation was unnecessarily rife with jargon that obscures rather than informs.

As an aside, for those unfamiliar with the Sokal hoax, Allan Sokal is a Professor of Physics at New York University who submitted a hoax article, “Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity” to the journal Social Text. As the Skeptics Dictionary says (http://skepdic.com/sokal.html):

The article was a hoax submitted, according to Sokal, to see “would a leading journal of cultural studies publish an article liberally salted with nonsense if (a) it sounded good and (b) it flattered the editors’ ideological preconceptions?” It would. Needless to say, the editors of Social Text were not pleased.

What Sokal was attacking was the view amongst some social scientists that “physical reality” is a social construct, whereas the existence of an external “world” is an underlying premise in science. There is insufficient space to explore this issue adequately here, but the reader is referred to the many websites dealing with the Sokal “affair” (especially, e.g., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sokal_Affair and http://www.drizzle.com/~jwalsh/sokal/), and Sokal’s own site ( http://www.physics.nyu.edu/faculty/sokal/)

[ Amato writes at length of the Sokal Affair in sokal text: another funny thing happened on the way to the forum; and it is discussed in Kilgore’s review of Technoscience and Cyberculture, and Ciccoricco’s Contour of a Contour, eds. ]

In that session, nonetheless, were two presentations that stand out in my mind, those by Lida Brito, the Minister of Higher Education, Science, and Technology for Mozambique, and Onno Purbo, an engineer from Indonesia. Purbo talked about how to “Facilitate Fast and Self-Propelled Internet Access: Return to Society,” a presentation that was shifted from the second day into the first day’s programme. His presentation was, in many ways, a useful counterpoint to Serageldin’s, in particular the “Hole in the Wall” PC, noted above. Purbo obtains PC’s at low cost, usually sold cheaply or donated by large companies that are upgrading their computing systems. These PC’s are then made available in “classrooms” placed in poor urban and rural areas so that the local people can use the computers. They also learn to use the Internet. Purbo provides access by, as he put it, “stealing” open frequencies. He uses antennas ingeniously constructed from old tin cans; these are sufficient to provide the signal needed. He uses open source software, and emphasised that mass education is the key to providing a basic education to the broad populace.

His presentation also served to emphasise that education is crucial for informed and useful access to the Internet. Too many people, of whatever socio-economic level, “surf” the Net without any thought about the “information” they are obtaining. The websites they access are often a source of disinformation and misinformation. However, this also serves to reinforce the democratic nature of the Internet. We cannot control how people use the Web, and the fact that there are hundreds of sites devoted to Elvis may or may not be a sad commentary on our society, but it nonetheless also serves to show us how uncontrollable the Internet is.

I present the Elvis example, one noted at the meeting, not to denigrate the use of the Internet and the Web for such purposes. What it shows is that new technologies have become new instruments of entertainment, when the hope was that they would become self-directed teaching tools. My main point is that during many of the RSIS sessions, a number of our “elder statesmen” (and they were almost all male) talked about “control.” They seek to control access, information flow, and the development of the Internet. In this way, our “leaders” show their fundamental ignorance of this creature. I emphasise, again, Berners-Lee’s description of the Internet as a fractal and chaotic thing.

Brito’s presentation was, in contrast, a passionate “wish” list of what she would like to do and see happen, both in Mozambique and beyond. Her list was focussed around the themes of wider literacy and ” relevant ” knowledge.

The session ended with a panel discussion, ostensibly “Reflections on the Role of Science in the Information Society.” The participants each gave a short presentation, with a very brief period at the end for discussion. Most were much as expected, and a number were largely political in nature. One exception was Juergen Renn, of the Max Planck History of Science Institute and ECHO (European Cultural Heritage On-Line), who was concerned that the “core of cultural heritage is largely excluded from information technology” and noted how ECHO was formed to address this. He also briefly talked about the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. (The full declaration can be found at: www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html). While the goals of the declaration are laudable, a number of participants were concerned about the lack of copyright protection, citing cases where work done by researchers in developing countries was plagiarised by researchers in developed countries.

So concluded the first day of the conference. A number of us noted a general lack of self-criticism in most of the presentations. There was a lot of vague language and abundant use of clichés, much “looking to the future” and long wish lists. The most exciting presentations, for me, were the ones that discussed concrete examples of taking IT to the broader populace, often in quite revolutionary ways, in all of the meanings of that phrase.

PARALLEL SESSIONS

I attended the session on “Contributions to Environment.” Other sessions were on Education, Economic Development, Health, and Enabling Technologies. All of these sessions had quite active online forums for discussion in the months leading up to the RSIS and WSIS symposiums, and the forums can be reviewed at the RSIS website. Most of us contributed to more than one online discussion group, but attended only one parallel session.

In the Environment session, most of the presentations focussed on technical and management issues. David Williams of EUMETSAT talked about the Global Earth Observation Systems and Strategies, focussing on data management and the move toward an Integrated Global Observation Strategy (IGOS), which seeks a comprehensive integrated effort. Such a move needs a “shared strategy,” and involves the participation of the UN, international scientific and research programmes, space agencies, etc. They seek to develop a common approach to surface and satellite observations. The international weather observation and forecasting network is one successful example where a common strategy and approach has been developed. Williams had many interesting and pithy quotes: “The world is full of data and short on information” is probably my favourite.

Patricio Bernal, of UNESCO and the IOC, talked about the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS). There are regional GOOS “alliances.” New Zealand, where I am based, is a member of one such regional alliance. Bernal noted, however, that there needs to be an adaptation of international norms for data sharing to facilitate the further development of GOOS. This was a common theme that arose a number of times during the Environment parallel session, specifically, and the RSIS more generally. There are often conflicting protocols for sharing data and information and, as Williams’ quote illustrates, a set of data is not always usable information.

Josef Arbacher of the ESA talked about Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), a programme for monitoring of regional development, management of risk, and the guidance of crisis management and humanitarian aid. The ESA aims to have full capacity by 2012-2015. The EU will be spending 628 million euros in the 2004-2006 fiscal period, rising to 5005 million euros by the 2007-2015 period. Again, the issue of data sharing and accessibility arose, in addition to questions of data verification and transparency of the process.

Stuart Marsh, of the British Geological Survey Remote Sensing Group, talked about Geohazards and the IS. He noted that citizens are the ultimate beneficiaries, and suggested that there are three main user groups of geohazards information: “responsible authorities”, scientists in monitoring and government agencies, and research scientists. They have different needs, e.g., baseline inventory of hazards, monitoring, rapid dissemination of information during a crisis, etc. He noted, as did the others in the session, the need for an integrated approach from surface to space, and the need for but difficulty in bringing together the different types of data. Again, this raised the issue of data management. Marsh’s presentation also highlighted, however, the gap in our knowledge about the scientific literacy of our public “authorities.” Those responsible may well be local or regional officials who are far removed from those who gather and use the data/information. These officials may have no understanding of the processes involved, and their concerns may in fact run counter to the actions that should be taken to avert a crisis. The current crisis in South Asia in the wake of the tsunami illustrates many of these concerns. An early warning system was not in place because of the cost (both for the infrastructure development and for ongoing support) and because of the lack of technical expertise to staff such an enterprise.

This illustrates a major gap in the entire RSIS - there was little or no consideration of how we get technical information to the public officials and to the wider population. The entire issue of scientific literacy was glossed over, and instead most presenters focussed on those who were trained to use the data, when, as I noted earlier, most people are using the Internet in an undirected and uninformed way, so that they are unable or unwilling to distinguish “good” reliable information from poor quality “information” or even from reports that were consciously devised to misinform the “public.”

After Marsh, Stuart Salter, who leads the Species Information Service (SIS) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), gave probably the most thoughtful of the Environmental presentations. He discussed “appropriate technologies.” As an example to start off his talk, he mentioned an emergency in Belize where large volumes of vaccine were required, but which went bad because of a lack of refrigeration. Those providing the vaccine were unaware of such a lack; it never occurred to them that large parts of the world still lack refrigeration. He used this to highlight the problem when a network of scientists (who he described as “free spirited individuals”), give “information” that needs to be organised in a common format and then propagated up and out into the community. His premise was that complex ICT systems could allow a simple “front end” and often can be configured by users to suit their purposes. He noted the need to change the “paradigm” whereby scientists visit a country, do their research, then leave and publish the results, leaving no net results in the visited country. He emphasised the need for using scientists in regional networks, working in existing well-functioning scientific and conservation networks. Then the data are vertically integrated in a relational database, using a GIS format. This is the mode of operation used successfully by the SIS for decades. The data are controlled by the scientific community, and the quality of the data is overseen by Specialist Groups, of which there are 128 in the SIS. The data are continuously updated. The SIS has thus grown from existing networks, rather than imposed from outside, which explains why it has worked so well.

Finally, Luigi Fusco of the ESA talked about “Emerging Technologies for Earth Observation and Environmental Applications.” He used as his example the wreck of the tanker “Prestige” off the northwest coast of Portugal and Spain. He noted that the satellite data were insufficient to be used alone, and that a wide range of technologies and their associated data, from surface through to satellite observations, needed to be integrated in a complex information management system. This theme of the need for integration of different types of data and information from a range of technologies and scales of observation arose again and again throughout the session.

CLOSING SESSIONS

The closing sessions were in two parts: a series of summaries of the thematic parallel sessions were presented, followed by a “panel discussion,” closing remarks from the Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and then the “Key Message” from the RSIS, presented by the Director-General of CERN. Given that the “Key Message” did not differ at all from the text circulated before the RSIS meeting, many of us wondered why we had spent two days talking about the various issues. We concluded that the greatest benefit may well arise from the creation of a network of individuals interested in the issues raised by the RSIS symposium.

The session summaries raised some common themes and issues. One of the primary issues is the integration and sharing of data within complex structures, and the desire to get IT into rural and poor urban communities. The goal to fight illiteracy, generally, and scientific illiteracy, more specifically, is a major obstacle in the building of an Information Society, which requires the wider availability and use of IT, from tertiary institutions everywhere, not just in developing countries, to remote communities.

Finally, the panel discussion amounted to little more than prepared statements from “elder statesmen” (men without exception, all elderly except for Tim Berners-Lee), and was perhaps symbolic of much of the meeting. Berners-Lee spoke for two minutes and encapsulated the essence of the Internet and the Information Society better and more succinctly than any other speaker. It is decentralized and “fractal” in its nature, and inherently uncontrollable and ungovernable. Yet so many of the politicians on the panel, for most were politicians, used outmoded and outdated paradigms and language in their politically motivated speeches. They kept talking about “governance” of the Internet and IT. I can only conclude that our political “leaders” have little or no idea about the Internet tiger they have by the tail. It is fundamentally an anarchic, often revolutionary creature, one that will refuse to be confined and controlled.


          Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science        
Quantum Man: Richard Feynman's Life in Science
author: Lawrence M. Krauss
name: Kim
average rating: 4.04
book published: 2011
rating: 0
read at:
date added: 2017/07/02
shelves: to-read
review:


          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 08-01-2014 with 99 & Barry        
Playlist:

Howlin Wolf- No Place To Go You Gonna Wreck My Life - The Real Folk Blues More Real Folk Blues Remastered
Lee Hazelwood- Summer Wine - The Complete Mgm Recordings
Zinn Fetterhold- Casey Jones - Joe Hill Pa Svenska
Felix Quintana- Ladrona - Disco De Oro Felix Quintana
Abelardo Carbono- Schallcarri - El Maravilloso Mundo De Abelardo Carbono
Bill Laswell- Habana Transmissin 1 Avsale A La Vecina Dub - Imaginary Cuba
Chenard Walcker- Miss Novara Jones - The Lotus Opus
- voicebreak -
Matthew Shipp Trio- Quantum Waves - Harmonic Disorder
Terakaft- Amazzagh - Aratan N Azawad
Jesca Hoop- Whispering Light - Hunting My Dress
OOIOO- Pebarongan - Gamel
Oki Dub Ainu Band- Topattumi - Oki Dub Ainu Band
Alex Puddu- Gimme More - The Golden Age Of Danish Pornography Vol 2
Met Met- So Paulo No Shaking - MetaL MetaL
Alpendub- JagaDub - JoDelay
Major Lazer- Mary Jane feat Mapei And Mr Evil - Guns Dont Kill People Lazers Do
Various Artists- Noriel Vilela 16 Toneladas 16 Tons - Brazilian Beats Brooklyn
Harry McClintock- Big Rock Candy Mountain - DJ Yodas How To Cut And Paste The Thirties Edition
Homelife- Banjo - Guru Man Hubcap Lady
Hypnotic Brass Ensemble- Juke Box - Hypnotic Brass Ensemble
- Powerhouse - Modern Purveyors Of Filth And Degradation
- voicebreak -
Lou Carter- The Different Shapes They Are - Louies Love Songs
Various Artists- Unknown Title - Otis Fodders 365 Days Project UBUCOM
David Krakauer- The March From The Love For Three Oranges - The Big Picture Featuring Krakauer
Getatchew Mekuria The Ex- Sethed Seketelat - Moa Anbessa
JJ Grey And Mofro- Professor Longhair Red Beans - Alligator Records 40th Anniversary Collection
Tiny Tim- I Got You Babe - God Bless Tiny Tim
- voicebreak -
Meridian Brothers- Doctor Trompeta - Salvadora Robot
- Abadane - 1970s Algerian Folk And Pop
Dengue Fever- The Province - In The Ley Lines
UCef- Stick - Halalwood
Shukar Collective- Ragga Mam - Rromatek
Various Artists- Manzanita Y Su ConjuntoEl Hueleguiso - The Roots Of Chicha 2 Psych Cumbias From Peru
Ornette Coleman- Congeniality - The Shape Of Jazz To Come
- voicebreak -
Rudy Schwartz Project- Waltz Of The Mortgage Bankers - Bowling For Appliances
Various Artists- Sinfonia De Las Brasilenas - Latinamericarpet Exploring The Vinyl Warp Of
Jerry Colonna- Youre My Everything - Music For Screaming
The Bran Flakes- If She Was A Spy - Bounces
- Wait The Whisper Song Bruxas Quem Nasceu Nasceu - I Luv Baile Funk
Tipsy- Something Tropical Seelenluft - Remix Party
Kutiman- Wait For Me - Thru You


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-08-01
          NVIDIA GeForce GTX 1080 video review: Behold, the GPU king        

As far as video card upgrades go, there's a lot to love with NVIDIA's GeForce GTX 1080. We called it "the upgrade you've been waiting for" in our full review. The GTX 1080 blows away last year's high-end cards, and even though it's $599 ($699 for the Founders Edition we tested), it's well worth the cost for serious gamers. In our video review above, check out some gameplay footage from the new Doom remake, as well as Quantum Break.


          The Effect Of Endemic Toxins And Stealth-Mold Food On Health        
What is the Risk Posed by Moldy Food?




Moldy food or mycotoxins can create serious problems in a person, irrespective of the individual being an adult or a child. Chronic fatigue, cardiovascular problems, inflammation, headaches prostate cancer and other complicated diseases such as Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Syndrome (MCS) etc can be the result of the consumption of moldy food. Every year, people from all over the world fall ill due to consumption of moldy food. The victims are usually children or elderly fellows, who are usually afflicted with stomach-ache, gastritis etc and also seriously affect the liver, kidney and other vital organs. Moreover, in extreme cases, anxiety, insomnia, panic attacks and fatigue. The cause for such pain and health problems is mycotoxin, a stream of poisonous and deadly mold-borne toxins that are usually present in badly stored food products. The highest concentration of mold and endemic toxins are present in packaged food products, cookies, breads, chips, crackers, grains and cereals, energy bars, frozen pizza and pizza bases, tortillas and many more such products. Another cause of worry is the fact that other food poisons such as oxidized rancid fats, chemicals and synthetic vitamins are also helped to flourish by these toxic food-borne molds.




The Cause for Mold-oriented Toxins in Food




Mold toxins come in 400 varieties and not even one-tenth of the figure has been studied thoroughly. These toxic substances remain obscure and difficult to recognize. And this is one of the major reasons why moldy food has been creating such havoc among the consuming populace. Improper storage of food grains, (especially in damp places or in plastic or perforated bags) as well as unruly harvesting and prolonged shipping periods are mainly responsible for encouraging mold growth in food. Food-borne mold easily destroy the positive aspects of natural food resources and become the habitat of mold and other damaging food-poison substances. The tradition of food processing agencies that practiced irradiation on natural or organic food materials to increase shelf-life and consequently profits has allegedly increased the corrosive power of mold toxins. The mycotoxins and radiolythic toxins combine to produce disastrous effects. These are immune-suppressors and can also be a major cause of cancer in an affected individual. Other effects include negatively affecting the, gall bladder, inflammation of the duodenum (duodenitis), the spleen and other parts of the body.




Steps for Prevention




First, supplement daily with raw food ferments that are quantum-formatted. Second, eat lots of raw celery on a daily basis. Third, be sure to consume fresh and properly stored foods on a daily basis. Taking these three simple steps will de-stress your body and free-up your immune system so it can do more repair and regeneration in your body. Even though most of the people are either unaware or simply denies the existence of mycotoxins and other moldy toxins in food, it is high time to open your eyes and start taking evasive action. Otherwise, as it was in the 1940s, epidemics from mold and other toxic growth are not pretty far away.


Dr.Yanick is the founder and President of the American Academy of Quantum Medicine.To find out more details about the effect of Mold-oriented Toxins in Food visit - www.quantafoods.com

cure panic attacks: cure panic attack

cure panic attacks: cure panic attacks

Article Source: www.articlesnatch.com


          Instagram: Quantum Centrifuge #makerfaireatl @mfatl        

          re: Cult Classics – Alan Wake        

I love Alan Wake. The original game is wonderfully paced, and somehow manages to combine fun, immersive game play with strong storytelling.

And yeah, it sucks that a sequel is on the back burner for now, but I wouldn't say that Sam Lake "[broke] up with his fans". It was more him just saying that they were focusing their resources on a new IP, and Alan Wake 2 had to be put away for a while.

And since it's Remedy, I'm really excited to see what Quantum Break is all about, given that they've decided to pour so much in the way of resources into it.


          re: Cult Classics – Alan Wake        

I really thought they would announce Alan Wake 2 at the Xbox One reveal. Quantum Break looks nice though. I just really hope they get back to Alan Wake one day. It'll be a shame if they never continue that story.


          Bad Language: “Riemannian Manifold”        
Physicists: Stop saying “Riemannian” when you mean “pseudo-Riemannian”. Yes, it does matter.

Some informal background: a Riemannian manifold is a differentiable manifold (where the tangent space at each point has an inner product) with a positive-definite metric tensor, d(x,y) ≥ 0.

A familiar Riemannian manifold is a Euclidean manifold (where one has to add a smoothly varying inner product on the tangent space of the standard Euclidean space), with the familiar Euclidean (distance) metric (our 3-space, for example).

What is NOT a Riemannian manifold is the familiar Lorentzian manifold of general relativity (of which the Minkowskian manifold of special relativity is a special case). The Lorentzian manifold is a pseudo-Riemannian manifold, the generalization of the Riemannian manifold, such that the metric tensor need not be positive-definite. This apparently seems like a minor point to some, but pseudo-Riemannian and Riemannian manifolds are incredibly different because of this.

One of the underlying assumptions of general relativity is that spacetime can be represented by a Lorentzian manifold with signature (+,-,-,-) or (-,+,+,+) - where the signature of a metric tensor is just the number of positive and negative eigenvalues of the corresponding real symmetric matrix once it is diagonalised.

Unlike a Riemannian manifold, with a positive-definite metric, a Lorentzian manifold M, with non-positive-definite metric, g, allows tangent vectors, X, to be classified into timelike g(X,X) > 0, null g(X,X) = 0, or spacelike g(X,X) < 0.

The causal structure of relativity comes from this classification.

Interestingly, when you most often are reading a paper in a physics journal though, instead of seeing “pseudo-Riemannian” you will see the word “Riemannian”; doing a search in the Physical Review Letters this afternoon for “Riemannian Manifold” yields 526 results, while searching for “pseudo-Riemannian Manifold” only yields 51. While I am sure a few of those authors were actually are working with Riemannian manifolds (and the obvious overlap with the “pseudo-Riemannian” search), the vast majority are simply misusing the term.

Some sample offenders:

Stephen A. Fulling, “Nonuniqueness of Canonical Field Quantization in Riemannian Space-Time” (Phys. Rev. D 7, 2850 (1973), Cited 211 times) : Fulling technically means “pseudo-Riemannian space-time”, else he wouldn’t have any causal structure.

C. N. Yang, “Integral Formalism for Gauge Fields” (Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 445 (1974), Cited 208 times). Yang starts a paragraph off with “Introduction of a Riemannian metric”, when he then must actually be introducting a pseudo-Riemannian metric. Later, when Yang is defining “Pure Spaces”, he says, “A Riemannian manifold for which the parallel-displacement gauge field is sourceless will be called a pure space.” He then asserts, “A four-dimensional Einstein space, ie. For which Rαβ = 0, is a pure space.” From the definition, if he really mean a Riemannian metric, he could not conclude that “a four-dimensional Einstein space” was a pure space, because an Einstein space must have a different signature to be causal (even though with Rαβ = 0 he is specifying that the metric tensor is locally isometric to a Euclidean space).

Almost anytime you see the phrase “Riemannian space-time”, they are being sloppy. There is no such thing as a Riemannian space-time.

All of these highly respected papers incorrectly refer to the spacetimes they are working in as Riemannian:

Friedrich W. Hehl, Paul von der Heyde, G. David Kerlick, and James M. Nester, “General relativity with spin and torsion: Foundations and prospects” (Rev. Mod. Phys. 48, 393 (1976), Cited 612 times)

David G. Boulware, "Quantum field theory in Schwarzschild and Rindler spaces" (Phys. Rev. D 11, 1404 (1975), Cited 117 times)

Kenneth Nordtvedt, “Equivalence Principle for Massive Bodies. II. Theory” (Phys. Rev. 169, 1017 (1968), Cited 88 times)

Leonard Parker and S. A. Fulling, “Quantized Matter Fields and the Avoidance of Singularities in General Relativity” (Phys. Rev. D 7, 2357 (1973), Cited 87 times)

M. J. Rebouças and J. Tiomno, “Homogeneity of Riemannian space-times of Gödel type” (Phys. Rev. D 28, 1251 (1983), Cited 65 times)

J. S. Dowker and Raymond Critchley, “Stress-tensor conformal anomaly for scalar, spinor, and vector fields” (Phys. Rev. D 16, 3390 (1977), Cited 59 times)

M. A. Melvin, "Dynamics of Cylindrical Electromagnetic Universes" (Phys. Rev. 139, B225 (1965), Cited 43 times)

Leonard Parker, "Conformal Energy-Momentum Tensor in Riemannian Space-Time" (Phys. Rev. D 7, 976 (1973), Cited 36 times)

A. A. Coley, N. Pelavas, and R. M. Zalaletdinov, "Cosmological Solutions in Macroscopic Gravity" (Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 151102 (2005), Cited 32 times)

F. W. Hehl, E. A. Lord, and Y. Ne'eman, "Hypermomentum in hadron dynamics and in gravitation" (Phys. Rev. D 17, 428 (1978), Cited 20 times)

The list goes on, and on, and on…

Physicists (& Journal Editors): if you’re working in a causal spacetime (and you know you should be), don’t say “Riemannian”. Say, “Lorentzian”, or “pseudo-Riemannian”, or “non-Riemannian”, don’t be lazy.

You wouldn't say "positive" when you mean "positive, zero, or negative", so why would you say "Riemannian" when you mean "pseudo-Riemannian"?

-S.C. Kavassalis
          Comment on A Jewish Buddhist at Christmas/ Chanukah/ Solstice Time by quantumpreceptor        
I agree idiot compassion is the wrong way that's why we seek the middle path between compassion and wisdom. With out each other the whole thing falls apart. Pure compassion is too soft and gets one into such a mess. Only cold wisdom and and everyone will not want anything to do with you.
          Comment on KidLit TV by KidLit TV Live Stream Launch Party with MY FiOS Quantum Gateway | Katie Shea Design: Katie the Courier        
[…] Gribble is the president of New York Media Works, which creates and produces works for children and the children’s literature community, in both […]
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          Particle Smashing        
I think we can all say it’s a good thing that CERN hasn’t blown up the planet yet. I realize that anyone who knows anything about quantum mechanics will roll their eyes and say that I’m a moron, but the little factoids I know about physics make the news trickling out from the Large Hydron read more »
          The Code Book: The Science of Secrecy from Ancient Egypt to Quantum Cryptography        
The Code Book: The Science of Secrecy from Ancient Egypt to Quantum Cryptography
author: Simon Singh
name: Lori
average rating: 4.28
book published: 1999
rating: 0
read at:
date added: 2011/04/24
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          Provider external networks (in an appropriate amount of detail)        

In Quantum in Too Much Detail, I discussed the architecture of a Neutron deployment in detail. Since that article was published, Neutron gained the ability to handle multiple external networks with a single L3 agent. While I wrote about that back in 2014, I covered the configuration side of it …


          Quantum in Too Much Detail        

I originally posted this article on the RDO website.

The players

This document describes the architecture that results from a particular OpenStack configuration, specifically:

  • Quantum networking using GRE tunnels;
  • A dedicated network controller;
  • A single instance running on a compute host

Much of the document will be relevant to other configurations, but details will vary based on your choice of layer 2 connectivity, number of running instances, and so forth.

The examples in this document were generated on a system with Quantum networking but will generally match what you see under Neutron as well, if you replace quantum by neutron in names. The OVS flow rules under Neutron are somewhat more complex and I will cover those in another post.


          DTNS 3074 – All Systems AR Go        
Quantum computers as a cloud service, the true rise of Augmented reality and more on Australia and math. MP3 Using a Screen Reader? Click here Multiple versions (ogg, video etc.) from Archive.org. Please SUBSCRIBE HERE. Follow us on Soundcloud. A special thanks to all our supporters–without you, none of this would be possible. If you … Continue reading DTNS 3074 – All Systems AR Go
          Mathematics for Chemistry        
Mathematics for ChemistryThis interactive electronic textbook in the form of Maple worksheets comprises two parts.

Part I, mathematics for chemistry, is supposed to cover all mathematics that an instructor of chemistry might hope and expect that his students would learn, understand and be able to apply as a result of sufficient courses typically, but not exclusively, presented in departments of mathematics. Its nine chapters include (0) a summary and illustration of useful Maple commands, (1) arithmetic, algebra and elementary functions, (2) plotting, descriptive geometry, trigonometry, series, complex functions, (3) differential calculus of one variable, (4) integral calculus of one variable, (5) multivariate calculus, (6) linear algebra including matrix, vector, eigenvector, vector calculus, tensor, spreadsheet, (7) differential and integral equations, and (8) probability, distribution, treatment of laboratory data, linear and non-linear regression and optimization.

Part II presents mathematical topics typically taught within chemistry courses, including (9) chemical equilibrium, (10) group theory, (11) graph theory, (12a) introduction to quantum mechanics and quantum chemistry, (14) applications of Fourier transforms in chemistry including electron diffraction, x-ray diffraction, microwave spectra, infrared and Raman spectra and nuclear-magnetic-resonance spectra, and (18) dielectric and magnetic properties of chemical matter.

Other chapters are in preparation and will be released in due course.
          Pełen zestaw maszyn zielonkowych Claas - rusza cykl pokazów polowych        
Kosiarki Disco, przetrząsacze Volto, zgrabiarki Liner, prasy rolujące Rollant i Variant, przyczepy samozbierające Quantum i Cargos, sieczkarnie polowe Jaguar oraz różne serwie ciągników - te i inne maszyny będzie można zobaczyć podczas pokazów polowych firmy Claas.
          Orgasmo: come aiutare una donna a mettersi nello stato necessario per raggiungere un orgasmo        

Oggi ti parlo di un argomento un pochino osé: come aiutare una donna a mettersi nello stato necessario per raggiungere un orgasmo.   Oltre alle mie specifiche esperienze, ho raccolto centinaia e centinaia di punti di […]

L'articolo Orgasmo: come aiutare una donna a mettersi nello stato necessario per raggiungere un orgasmo proviene da Quantum Factory.


           Amphipol-encapsulated CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots with excellent colloidal stability         
Booth, Matthew and Peel, Rebecca and Partanen, Riitta and Hondow, Nicole and Vasilca, Vlad and Jeuken, Lars J. C. and Critchley, Kevin (2013) Amphipol-encapsulated CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots with excellent colloidal stability. RSC Advances, 3 (43). p. 20559. ISSN 2046-2069
           Apoferritin-encapsulated PbS quantum dots significantly inhibit growth of colorectal carcinoma cells         
Bradshaw, T. D. and Junor, M. and Patane, A. and Clarke, P. and Thomas, N. R. and Li, M. and Mann, S. and Turyanska, L. (2013) Apoferritin-encapsulated PbS quantum dots significantly inhibit growth of colorectal carcinoma cells. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 1 (45). pp. 6254-6260. ISSN 2050-7518
          ÐÐ²Ñ‚ор: Zanudaaa        
[quote]представила материнскую плату Quantum Force Destroyer[/quote] Ну и названьице! Не зная, что это материнка, можно подумать, что речь идёт, например, о каком-то устройстве уничтожения информации. ;)
          ÐÐ²Ñ‚ор: ITC.UA        
Комментарии к статье: [drupal=31633]Foxconn официально представила Quantum Force Destroyer[/drupal] [quote]Компания Foxconn официально представила материнскую плату Quantum Force Destroyer, основанную на чипсете Nvidia nForce 780a SLI. [CENTER][IMG]http://itc.ua/files/pics/foxconndestr11(1).jpg[/IMG][/CENTER][/quote]
          Lima Buku Pembuat Pusing        
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          é‡å­å¾©ä»‡ - 駕駛機器人在太空中體驗史詩般的戰鬥        

「量子復仇 (Quantum Revenge)」是款由 Realtech VR 開發的機械動漫風格射擊類遊戲,把未來戰爭效果與動漫卡通元素相結合,遊戲擁有令人驚嘆的 3D / 2D 動畫效果。

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● 下載 Quantum Revenge



 Quantum Revenge
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Quantum Revenge - Mecha Robot Space Shooter




來源:《愛瘋日報》
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          FISICA CUANTICA        

La mecánica cuántica es la última de las grandes ramas de la física. Comienza a principios del siglo XX, en el momento en que dos de las teorías que intentaban explicar lo que nos rodea, la ley de gravitación universal y la teoría electromagnética clásica, se volvían insuficientes para explicar ciertos fenómenos. La teoría electromagnética generaba un problema cuando intentaba explicar la emisión de radiación de cualquier objeto en equilibrio, llamada radiación térmica, que es la que proviene de la vibración microscópica de las partículas que lo componen. Pues bien, usando las ecuaciones de la electrodinámica clásica, la energía que emitía esta radiación térmica daba infinito si se suman todas las frecuencias que emitía el objeto, con ilógico resultado para los físicos.
Es en el seno de la mecánica estadística donde nacen las ideas cuánticas en 1900. Al físico Max Planck se le ocurrió un truco matemático: que si en el proceso aritmético se sustituía la integral de esas frecuencias por una suma no continua se dejaba de obtener un infinito como resultado, con lo que eliminaba el problema y, además, el resultado obtenido concordaba con lo que después era medido. Fue Max Planck quien entonces enunció la hipótesis de que la radiación electromagnética es absorbida y emitida por la materia en forma de cuantos de luz o fotones de energía mediante una constante estadística, que se denominó constante de Planck. Su historia es inherente al siglo XX, ya que la primera formulación cuántica de un fenómeno fue dada a conocer el 14 de diciembrede 1900 en una sesión de la Sociedad Física de la Academia de Ciencias de Berlín por el científico alemán Max Planck.6
La idea de Planck hubiera quedado muchos años sólo como hipótesis si Albert Einstein no la hubiera retomado, proponiendo que la luz, en ciertas circunstancias, se comporta como partículas de energía independientes (los cuantos de luz o fotones). Fue Albert Einstein quién completó en 1905 las correspondientes leyes de movimiento con lo que se conoce como teoría especial de la relatividad, demostrando que el electromagnetismo era una teoría esencialmente no mecánica. Culminaba así lo que se ha dado en llamar física clásica, es decir, la física no-cuántica. Usó este punto de vista llamado por él “heurístico”, para desarrollar su teoría del efecto fotoeléctrico, publicando esta hipótesis en 1905, lo que le valió el Premio Nobel de 1921. Esta hipótesis fue aplicada también para proponer una teoría sobre el calor específico, es decir, la que resuelve cuál es la cantidad de calor necesaria para aumentar en una unidad la temperatura de la unidad de masa de un cuerpo.
El siguiente paso importante se dio hacia 1925, cuando Louis de Broglie propuso que cada partícula material tiene una longitud de onda asociada, inversamente proporcional a su masa, (a la que llamó momentum), y dada por su velocidad. Poco tiempo después Erwin Schrödinger formuló una ecuación de movimiento para las "ondas de materia", cuya existencia había propuesto de Broglie y varios experimentos sugerían eran reales.
La mecánica cuántica introduce una serie de hechos contraintuitivos que no aparecían en los paradigmas físicos anteriores; con ella se descubre que el mundo atómico no se comporta como esperaríamos. Los conceptos de incertidumbreindeterminación o cuantización son introducidos por primera vez aquí. Además la mecánica cuántica es la teoría científica que ha proporcionado las predicciones experimentales más exactas hasta el momento, a pesar de estar sujeta a las probabilidades.

[editar]Desarrollo histórico

La teoría cuántica fue desarrollada en su forma básica a lo largo de la primera mitad del siglo XX. El hecho de que la energía se intercambie de forma discreta se puso de relieve por hechos experimentales como los siguientes, inexplicables con las herramientas teóricas "anteriores" de la mecánica clásica o la electrodinámica:
Fig. 1: La función de onda de un electrón de un átomo de hidrógeno posee niveles de energía definidos y discretos denotados por un número cuántico n=1, 2, 3,... y valores definidos de momento angular caracterizados por la notación: s, p, d,... Las áreas brillantes en la figura corresponden a densidades elevadas de probabilidad de encontrar el electrón en dicha posición.
  • Espectro de la radiación del cuerpo negro, resuelto por Max Planck con la cuantización de la energía. La energía total del cuerpo negro resultó que tomaba valores discretos más que continuos. Este fenómeno se llamó cuantización, y los intervalos posibles más pequeños entre los valores discretos son llamados quanta (singular: quantum, de la palabra latina para "cantidad", de ahí el nombre de mecánica cuántica). El tamaño de un cuanto es un valor fijo llamado constante de Planck, y que vale: 6.626 ×10-34 julios por segundo.
  • Bajo ciertas condiciones experimentales, los objetos microscópicos como los Ã¡tomos o los electrones exhiben un comportamientoondulatorio, como en la interferencia. Bajo otras condiciones, las mismas especies de objetos exhiben un comportamiento corpuscular, de partícula, ("partícula" quiere decir un objeto que puede ser localizado en una región concreta del espacio), como en la dispersión de partículas. Este fenómeno se conoce como dualidad onda-partícula.
  • Las propiedades físicas de objetos con historias relacionadas pueden ser correlacionadas en una amplitud prohibida por cualquier teoría clásica, en una amplitud tal que sólo pueden ser descritos con precisión si nos referimos a ambos a la vez. Este fenómeno es llamadoentrelazamiento cuántico y la desigualdad de Bell describe su diferencia con la correlación ordinaria. Las medidas de las violaciones de la desigualdad de Bell fueron de las mayores comprobaciones de la mecánica cuántica.
  • Explicación del efecto fotoeléctrico, dada por Albert Einstein, en que volvió a aparecer esa "misteriosa" necesidad de cuantizar la energía.
  • Efecto Compton.
El desarrollo formal de la teoría fue obra de los esfuerzos conjuntos de varios físicos y matemáticos de la época como Schrödinger,HeisenbergEinsteinDiracBohr y Von Neumann entre otros (la lista es larga). Algunos de los aspectos fundamentales de la teoría están siendo aún estudiados activamente. La mecánica cuántica ha sido también adoptada como la teoría subyacente a muchos campos de la física y la química, incluyendo la física de la materia condensada, la química cuántica y la física de partículas.
La región de origen de la mecánica cuántica puede localizarse en la Europa central, en Alemania y Austria, y en el contexto histórico del primer tercio del siglo XX.

[editar]Suposiciones más importantes

Las suposiciones más importantes de esta teoría son las siguientes:
  • Al ser imposible fijar a la vez la posición y el momento de una partícula, se renuncia al concepto de trayectoria, vital en mecánica clásica. En vez de eso, el movimiento de una partícula queda regido por una función matemática que asigna, a cada punto del espacio y a cada instante, la probabilidad de que la partícula descrita se halle en tal posición en ese instante (al menos, en la interpretación de la Mecánica cuántica más usual, la probabilística o interpretación de Copenhague). A partir de esa función, o función de ondas, se extraen teóricamente todas las magnitudes del movimiento necesarias.
  • Existen dos tipos de evolución temporal, si no ocurre ninguna medida el estado del sistema o función de onda evolucionan de acuerdo con la ecuación de Schrödinger, sin embargo, si se realiza una medida sobre el sistema, éste sufre un "salto cuántico" hacia un estado compatible con los valores de la medida obtenida (formalmente el nuevo estado será una proyección ortogonal del estado original).
  • Existen diferencias perceptibles entre los estados ligados y los que no lo están.
  • La energía no se intercambia de forma continua en un estado ligado, sino en forma discreta lo cual implica la existencia de paquetes mínimos de energía llamados cuantos, mientras en los estados no ligados la energía se comporta como un continuo.

[editar]Descripción de la teoría bajo la interpretación de Copenhague

Para describir la teoría de forma general es necesario un tratamiento matemático riguroso, pero aceptando una de las tres interpretaciones de la mecánica cuántica (a partir de ahora la Interpretación de Copenhague), el marco se relaja. La Mecánica cuántica describe el estado instantáneo de un sistema (estado cuántico) con una función de onda que codifica la distribución de probabilidad de todas las propiedades medibles, u observables. Algunos observables posibles sobre un sistema dado son la energíaposiciónmomento y momento angular. La mecánica cuántica no asigna valores definidos a los observables, sino que hace predicciones sobre sus distribuciones de probabilidad. Las propiedades ondulatorias de la materia son explicadas por la interferencia de las funciones de onda.
Estas funciones de onda pueden variar con el transcurso del tiempo. Esta evolución es determinista si sobre el sistema no se realiza ninguna medida aunque esta evolución es estocástica y se produce mediante colapso de la función de onda cuando se realiza una medida sobre el sistema (Postulado IV de la MC). Por ejemplo, una partícula moviéndose sin interferencia en el espacio vacío puede ser descrita mediante una función de onda que es un paquete de ondas centrado alrededor de alguna posición media. Según pasa el tiempo, el centro del paquete puede trasladarse, cambiar, de modo que la partícula parece estar localizada más precisamente en otro lugar. La evolución temporal determinista de las funciones de onda es descrita por la Ecuación de Schrödinger.
Algunas funciones de onda describen estados físicos con distribuciones de probabilidad que son constantes en el tiempo, estos estados se llaman estacionarios, son estados propios del operador hamiltoniano y tienen energía bien definida. Muchos sistemas que eran tratados dinámicamente en mecánica clásica son descritos mediante tales funciones de onda estáticas. Por ejemplo, un electrón en un átomo sin excitar se dibuja clásicamente como una partícula que rodea el núcleo, mientras que en mecánica cuántica es descrito por una nube de probabilidad estática que rodea al núcleo.
Cuando se realiza una medición en un observable del sistema, la función de ondas se convierte en una del conjunto de las funciones llamadas funciones propias o estados propios del observable en cuestión. Este proceso es conocido como colapso de la función de onda. Las probabilidades relativas de ese colapso sobre alguno de los estados propios posibles son descritas por la función de onda instantánea justo antes de la reducción. Considerando el ejemplo anterior sobre la partícula en el vacío, si se mide la posición de la misma, se obtendrá un valor impredecible x. En general, es imposible predecir con precisión qué valor de x se obtendrá, aunque es probable que se obtenga uno cercano al centro del paquete de ondas, donde la amplitud de la función de onda es grande. Después de que se ha hecho la medida, la función de onda de la partícula colapsa y se reduce a una que esté muy concentrada en torno a la posición observada x.
La ecuación de Schrödinger es en parte determinista en el sentido de que, dada una función de onda a un tiempo inicial dado, la ecuación suministra una predicción concreta de qué función tendremos en cualquier tiempo posterior. Durante una medida, el eigen-estado al cual colapsa la función es probabilista y en este aspecto es no determinista. Así que la naturaleza probabilista de la mecánica cuántica nace del acto de la medida.

[editar]Formulación matemática

En la formulación matemática rigurosa, desarrollada por Dirac y von Neumann, los estados posibles de un sistema cuántico están representados por vectores unitarios (llamados estados) que pertenecen a un Espacio de Hilbert complejo separable (llamado el espacio de estados). Qué tipo de espacio de Hilbert es necesario en cada caso depende del sistema; por ejemplo, el espacio de estados para los estados de posición y momento es el espacio de funciones de cuadrado integrable \scriptstyle L^2(\R^3), mientras que la descripción de un sistema sin traslación pero con un espín \scriptstyle n\hbar es el espacio \scriptstyle \mathbb{C}^{2n+1}TV 4K Hisense ULED 3.0 HDR appeared first on Digital Video HT.


          The Write Stuff        

It's been about 50 years since I put a couple of disastrously awful poems in the North Phoenix High School literary magazine. During my years as a science fiction fan and after college I discovered the world of fanzines. Around 1969 my friend Ken St. Andre headed off for the south seas for fun and adventure and left me a box of his papers, just in case. I came across a story he'd written about him and his friend going back in time and having adventures with Conan the Barbarian. I added a bit of material, changed the name of the friend to me, and sent it off to a fanzine, where it was enthusiastically accepted. Ken came back to Arizona, due to a shortage of funds, and for the next few years we wrote a half dozen or so more Terry &  Ken adventures (Or Ken & Terry adventures as he called them). They were popular enough that we created a homemade book called "Blundering Blades" and printed 60 of so copies. That should have been the end of it for all time. The other day, I searched and found a posting from somebody who had bought a copy a few years back and loved it. He even compared it to the Bill &  Ted movies that I like a lot.

A couple of years after that, I got my first check as a writer when I sold a few humorous articles to the Arizona Republic's Sunday supplement. At that point, I realized that even though I could write well enough, I didn't really have anything to say. I spent the next 15 years in a plan - reading books on every subject and all important authors: Hemingway, Stendahl, Zola, Montaigne, Dostoyevsky, and so on. I read books about quantum physics because I didn't understand it. Then in my early 40's I got my calling to write. I was finishing library school and looking for a way to stand out from the crowd. I started writing articles about library automation and found that there are many journals in the field starving for good material because librarians as a group are not enthusiastic authors. Over the next two decades,  I wrote some 50 articles including two that won awards. In the mid 1990s I got a book contract from Information Today to write "INNOPAC: A reference guide to the system." It did well, even though the audience was pretty much limited to libraries that had purchased Innovative Interfaces. 

In 2011 I was starting to develop a new concept of writing a book about the 40 or so specialty libraries open to the public in Manhattan. I got an email from Chandos Publishing in Oxfordshire and landed a contract for "Google This!" With two books to my credit, I technically met the requirements for membership in the Author's Guild (Two real books - not Amazon quickies or publication on demand). After days of deliberation, I was informed early this week that my application had been accepted. Author's Guild is the real thing - members include Judy Blume, Stephen King and Elmore Leonard. 

This week I went to BookExpo America which is the major trade show for the publishing industry. This is usually loaded with celebrity authors and famous people who have talked into a tape recorder. Free books are beyond ubiquitous. Donna went for signed copies like a woman possessed. Bob waited 45 minutes to get an autograph from Rachel Ray. I was the first in line for a book about the first 50 years of the Mets.  I found a publisher that does regional books and chatter up my project of libraries in NYC. At the end all three of us got to chat with Spencer Quinn, our current favorite mystery writer. It's always fun and exciting to see that the book business is alive and well. 


So there you have it - from Schlocky fanzine writing to the Author's Guild. You never know.


          A pure science of mind and matter | Daily Mirror        
An objective analysis of Buddhism and science  

Buddhism is undoubtedly the most profound and wholesome educational path available to mankind. It explains the true nature of life and the universe. In the Buddhist doctrine “life” refers to ourselves and the “universe” refers to the environment in which we live. Buddhism begins with mindfulness. One has to be mindful of the moment that is now, connected with what one is doing outside and what one is thinking and feeling inside. Thus, Buddhism is not only about withdrawal or detachment from this world but is also about living each moment meaningfully.   

Buddhism has been described by Buddhist Scholar S.N. Goenka as “a pure science of mind and matter”. He substantiates this on the basis that Buddhism uses precise, analytical, philosophical and psychological terminology and reasoning . The Buddha explained the reality of things in terms of cause and effect. Buddhism is firmly founded on the principle that effects arise from causation. The existence of misery and suffering in any given individual is due to the presence of causes.

Buddhism is essentially a teaching for the intelligentsia. It is based on a systematic and rational analysis of the problems of life and the way to their solution. The Buddha emphatically admonished everyone to “come and see”; not to “come and believe”. Buddhism does not rely on blind faith. On the contrary one is encouraged to probe and verify personally what the Buddha preached.

Buddhism has totally rejected belief by faith while encouraging personal conviction by investigation. Buddhism stands out singularly alone as the only system of thought that can be accepted by strict rationalization and comparison with already known phenomena. Every other religious system can be scientifically and rationally doubted. Buddhism is unique as in that not a single facet of its teaching can be disproved or even rationally doubted. On an intellectual basis, Buddhism has only one real contender to convince and that is the materialist. One does not need Buddhism to obviate the sparse rationalism of most religious systems. In fact most religions other than Buddhism are engaged in a desperate and pathetic struggle to keep up with the concepts of modern Science; so much so that with every new scientific discovery they have to adjust their sequence of thought and at times even the dogma.   

Buddhism today is a hot topic in the science and religion dialogue. There is a basic understanding between Buddhist scholars and eminent scientists regarding the compatibility of Buddhism and science. The case is made that the philosophical and psychological teachings contained in Buddhism share commonalities with modern scientific and philosophical thought. For example Buddhism encourages the impartial investigation of nature or Dhamma Vicaya; the principal object of such study being oneself. In fact some popular conceptions of Buddhism connect it to discourses regarding evolution, quantum theory and cosmology. Moreover, Buddhism has been described as rational and non – dogmatic. There is ample evidence to prove that it has been so from the earliest period of history. Among the common philosophical principles shared between Buddhism and science are causality, empiricism and suspicion of absolutes. 


Great scientist Albert Einstein has spelt out the common thread that binds Buddhism and science as follows. “The religion of the future will be cosmic religion. It should transcend a personal god and avoid dogmas and theology. Covering both the natural and spiritual it should be based on a religious sense arising from the experience of all things natural and spiritual and a meaningful unity. Buddhism answers to this description. If there is any religion that would cope with modern scientific needs it would be Buddhism”.Likewise, many scientists have observed similarities between science and Buddhism. The American physicist Robert Oppenheimer saw in Buddhism a scientific parallel to the puzzling riddles of modern physics.


Wijayadasa end the article with following, "The trend to link Buddhism and science has continued unabated so much so that today Buddhism and science are considered to be rivers leading to the same sea. Hence, the dire need for greater dialogue between Buddhist scholars and scientists to realize the importance of Buddhist wisdom to advance scientific wisdom."  
Read more... 

Additional resources
Buddhism and science - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Source: Daily Mirror 

          Comment on Not So Fast by Anonymous        
Tweek the software & move on!! After some 13+million miles with one fatality, the safety record is quantum fold better than any human driver could ever acheive. Get some perspective here. The sooner we get humans out of the driving mode, the sooner the carnage on the road can stop. The human stupidity factor makes humans incapable of safily operating vehicles.
          My Journey to Conservatism        
The Aristotelian-Ptolemaic model of the universe ended up being wrong:
https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Geocentric_model

Galileo helped correct as did others.

Newton wasn't wrong, but his concepts didn't include Relativity nor Quantum Mechanics nor  Quantum field theory.

Jeffersonian Deism's clockwork universe with a Supreme Architect was the most reasonable one at the time, but in light of current observations such a stance can no longer be reasonably supported.

Questioning dominant paradigms is actually quite a useful activity. And questioning and sometimes lampooning sacred cows. It's essential.

Enlightenment Values are worth preserving. America is the best example of a country which exemplifies Enlightenment values.

Values not given by any god. But rather given by 13.8+ billion years of evolution by natural selection, and by our history & choices.

The religious right denies the facts of evolution, while living lives which are often in fact 'most true' to it.

The dogmatic de facto religious left claims to believe in evolution, while often living lives which are essentially traitorous to evolution.

"...Although the initial development of moral foundations theory focused on cultural differences, subsequent work with the theory has largely focused on political ideology. Various scholars have offered moral foundations theory as an explanation of differences among political progressives (liberals in the American sense), conservatives, and libertarians, and have suggested that it can explain variation in opinion on politically charged issues such as gay marriage and abortion. In particular, Haidt and fellow researchers have argued that progressives stress only two of the moral foundations (Care and Fairness) in their reasoning, and libertarians stress only two (Liberty and Fairness), while conservatives stress all six more equally."
from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moral_foundations_theory

Religion is a natural phenomenon, a fact which cuts several ways. Yes it's another reason for the mystical claims to be debunked. But it also means that fully natural evolved human moral codes of conduct are often couched within religious contexts.

Dennett on religion being natural:
https://youtu.be/56VAZNx8HBQ

...a fact also mostly fully lost on all dogmatic leftist atheists who still have a chip on their should regarding being lied to in their former conservative religions.

Being wrong can be a virtue, if we're willing to change our minds upon new evidence.

Was born an atheist.

At age 5 learned there was a sky god. Seemed strange to me, but ok.

At age 9 learned I was a sexual animal. Whodathunkit.

At age 11 learned that the sky god was more than a bit upset at my being a sexual animal. The natural man, and 11 year old kid coming of age, is an enemy to god after all, right?

Between the ages of 19 and 21 I spent 2 years making maps on 3x5 cards, taking pictures of sunsets, and avoiding a proper admission that I was a normal sexual animal.

While at BYU at the age of 23 I started questioning the shaming the sky god likes to do regarding being a normal sexual animal.

While at Weber State I learned about physics and evolution. What I learned filled a hole left by my increasing rejection of the mysticism learned in my youth.

At age 26 I fully rejected the mysticism, and I resigned from the religion of my youth (Mormonism).

Between the ages of 13 and 23 I was a socially (religiously) conservative Democrat, because my father was a somewhat rare Democrat within a sea of Republicans within his religion.

At 26 I became more socially liberal, an ultra-liberal essentially. Drafted an exit journal.

In response to leaving an ultra-conservative religion, I switched to being an ultra-leftist socially.

Participated in a few nudist events, until I realized they were hypocritical.

Fully bought into Bruce Bagemihl's theory that because there's gay animals therefore gayness must be valued as a primary trail which is being selected for - which I now realize is completely & utterly wrong. Homosexuality is an outlier effect of the way sex gets set up in humans & in all animals which exhibit the treat. A side effect which is not being selected for. What's selected for is reproduction & survival, period. The machinery of biological evolution produces outliers. Doesn't meant the outliers have inherent value. Also doesn't mean they should be thrown off buildings, except for outright pedophiles and psychopaths.

Was a fat bastard living in my parent's basement. Developed cataracts. Had cataract surgery. No more thick glasses. Lost 110 pounds. Lived in Portland, Oregon for a year and a half. While in Portland visited a swingers event once. Didn't witness anything explicit & didn't participate. But I saw basically how they operate. And my assessment was that the way they organized themselves was strange & basically abusive.

After leaving Portland I married a socially conservative atheist from rural China with zero connection to the Book of Mormon, Bible, or Quran.

Took in via videos & lectures much of the work of the following people:

Christopher Hitchens
Richard Dawskins
Daniel Dennett
Steven Pinker
Ayaan Hirsi Ali

Events like 9/11 happened. The Denmark Mohamed cartoons & the stupid & crazy responses. Theo Van Gogh being killed after he released a film about how women in Islam are abused. The Charlie Hebdo massacre. The Garland, Texas Draw Mohamed contest which two Islamic people tried to shoot up.

I examined the response of the left, of the Democrat part of my father, of all the stations & people who liked & listened to & would have listened to. As an ex-Mormon, I examined who exactly supported drawing Mohamed. Who supports ex-Muslims? Who supports Muslims leaving Islam? It's not he left. It's not the Democrats. So, I realized I was wrong, about politics.

My socially conservative atheist wife helped me question the socially leftist paradigm I had bought into as an ex-Mormon with a chip on his shoulder about the lies of Mormonism. Daniel Dennett's talks about religion being a natural phenomenon helped also. Plus I had years of experience of engaging in first hand observational de facto studies of what the left has to offer socially. The nhilism of narcissism of gay culture. What being 'childfree' really means: slow motion suicide. That the left is in denial regarding the roots of homosexuality. And when I told an atheist group in Salt Lake that I liked Duck Dynasty, they booted me in a worse way than I ever experienced when leaving Mormonism. A very religious way of booting.

The children of breeders will inherit the Earth. The 'childfree' will not, and neither will the non-breeding gays.

In the past I used to hate Ayn Rand. Now I'm willing to check out some of her ideas, because mostly *only* libertarians support drawing Mohamed nowadays, and a very few lonely leftists who're mostly in denial regarding how the left has left them behind.

Margaret Sanger, the founder of Planned Parenthood, really was a eugenicist. And Christopher Hitchens has rightly pointed out that the unborn do have some rights. The left is wrong about these points also.

While a member of another leftist atheist group, Salt Lake Valley Atheists (now defunct), I observed how they kicked out of their midst a pro-life atheist woman. That experiencing was eye opening for me. Prior to that I thought that atheism equaled skepticism & reason. Now I realize it doesn't, not automatically. Leftist atheism is just another f-ing religion, a cult.

So I'm in recovery from leftistism, politically & socially.

The conservatism I embrace is not that of Glenn Beck, nor of establishment Republicans. I reject religios conservatism which seeks to shame people for masturbation & oral sex & an appreciation of art which falls into the nude and erotic spheres. There is no god who gets upset when gay people meet up. But, from an evolutionary perspective, they'd probably be happier if they lived straight lives.

Heresy, heresy, heresy, for your average leftist atheist who is just so upset with the conservative religions of their youths & etc.

Not throwing out the baby of good evolved highly valuable human values with the bath water of mysticism is a very hard task. Most just assume that 'without god everything is permitted.' But it's not. Not because there's no god, but because we're highly complex evolved moral animals. Evolved moral codes act as counter weights to also evolved proclivities which can lead to destructive dead ends.

Current people on my appreciation list:

Trump - what swayed me to his side after some initial skepticism:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DiA0P9iELAA
(Milo Y talking with Rubin)

Christopher Hitchens - provided initial key skepticism regarding the Clintons, and regarding some leftist doctrinal tenants. No one left to Lie To, book info.

Daniel Dennett - a much better philosopher than Sam Harris (Harris is I realize now, a myopic hack)

Steven Pinker - debunked the 'blank slate' concepts of social constructivists. Related videos, longer part 1, part 2. And a Ted talk.

Bosch Fawstin - an ex-Muslim who won the Draw Mohamed cartoon contest in Garland, Texas. Talk to Children of Jewish Holocaust Survival. Cartoon contest talk.

Mark Steyn - skepticism regarding the 'hockey stick' concept regarding climate change. Very honest regarding the facts & impacts of Islam.

Ayaan Hirsi Ali - an ex-Muslim truth teller. Colleague of Theo Van Gogh who got killed as noted above. She needs round the clock security, and in America only a conservative think tank would help pay for that security. Leftists consider her to be racist & bigoted - so this is a key reason also why I'm no longer a leftist.

All Enlightenment thinkers, and the Enlightenment-based founders of America.

Roger Stone - a long time truth teller who I've newly found

Dinesh D'Souza - a debate partner with Hitchens. Hitchens told the truth about the Clintons, and Dinesh has a great movie about the issue now. Dinesh may be wrong about whether a god exists, but he's right about the impacts of leftist atheism (very negative nhilistic impacts).

Rush - a valuable truth teller who for too long I discounted & hated. He was right all along. I was wrong for many years.

Sean Hannity - a guy with 20 years of real work experience who hasn't forgotten what it's like to be a regular working Joe. Truth teller.

Milo Yiannopoulos - a brash conservative gay Brit who helped me see the high utilitarian value to a Trump presidency.

Doug Mainwaring - a guy who came to his sanity and returned to be with & support his straight family, AKA his family. My uncle wasn't so lucky, and was a victim of the ultra-right and the ultra-left.

---

Related posts:

Lies present in conservative religion force children into the abusive arms of the denialist myopic left.
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2016/02/lies-present-in-conservative-religion.html

Where does social conservatism come from? From human nature.
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/11/where-does-social-conservatism-come.html

Humans are not Bonobos - Response to Darrel Ray and his brand of so-called Secular Sexuality - Commentary about abusive leftist confusion regarding human nature, and the evolutionary roots and benefits of some degree of sexual shame.
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/10/humans-are-not-bonobos-response-to.html

Lives and families are destroyed by Tranny and Gay acceptance and promotion - LGBT abusive outliers are not equal
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/07/lives-and-families-are-destroyed-by.html

Homosexuality occurs in nature? So what. Can I be a "black atheist" too?
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2013/08/homosexuality-occurrs-in-nature-so-what.html

On American exceptionalism: the left's hatred of America
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/02/on-american-exceptionalism-left-hatred.html

Thank God for the Crusades - speaking as an atheist
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/02/thank-god-for-crusades-speaking-as.html

And the worst of these is Islam: Foolish bleeding hearts helped birth Islamic State
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/02/and-worst-of-these-is-islam-foolish.html

Naked women protesting: The EXACT response needed, to Islam in general, Islamic State, and censors of Charlie Hebdo cartoons.
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/02/naked-women-protesting-exact-response.html

Comments in response to the general Mormon stance on marriage
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/02/comments-in-response-to-general-mormon.html

Latest thoughts on the pressing issues of the day
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/02/latest-thoughts-on-pressing-issues-of.html

Leftist religion loves Islam and hates the West and the fruits of the Enlightenment
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/01/leftist-religion-loves-islam-and-hates.html

The Atheist Movement needs move laxative - Making room for social & political conservatives!
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/05/the-atheist-movement-needs-move.html

John Harvey Kellogg: what a fucker. Masturbation prevention is evil.
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/10/john-harvey-kellogg-what-fucker.html

response to Rory Patrick's 100 day masturbation abstinence - the pain and sorrow of having genitals
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/10/response-to-rory-patricks-100-day.html

Balkan Erotic Epic - part of the set of short films in Destricted - commentary & review
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/10/balkan-erotic-epic-part-of-set-of-short.html

Liberal anger at being human - Criticisms of California Senate Bill SB 967
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/10/liberal-anger-at-being-human-criticisms.html

whitewashing history -- sex obsessed ancestors -- nudist hypocrisy
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/09/whitewashing-history-sex-obsessed.html

Are Mormonism & Catholicism homosexual & pedophile generators?
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/05/are-mormonism-catholicism-homosexual_24.html

Questions for Mormon Missionaries - God, Sex, and honesty | 16 questions for Mormon Missionaries
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/03/questions-for-mormon-missionaries-god.html

Repackaged bullshit: Porn The New Tobacco | Jack Fischer | TEDxBinghamtonUniversity
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2015/08/repackaged-bullshit-porn-new-tobacco.html

The best part of social conservatism advocates for family & life & children & what leftists derisively call 'breeding.'

Breeders will inherit the Earth. Problems with "recovery" from religion
http://jonathanshome.blogspot.com/2014/06/breeders-will-inherit-earth-problems.html

Really the children of breeders will inherit the Earth.

The worst part of religious-based 'conservatism' comes from religions which use fear & shame to teach children & adults to hate the evolved sexual systems in their bodies. But this 'conservatism' doesn't conserve anything. It just tends to churn out destructive ultra-right and ultra-left abusive extremists. The ultra-right religionists who stay in their religions & who continue teaching their children to hate their bodies & the fact that we're sexual animals. And the children who reflexively rebel, turning into non-reproductive outliers & 'childfree' wastrels.

Liberals have a strange alliance with ultra-right religious 'conservatives.' Leftists hate human nature just as much as the ultra-right religionists seems to. The combined human-nature-hating team consists of: Islam people, some Mormons, some Catholics, and leftists who a.) love Islam, and b.) hate the fact that human males are evolved to enjoy good looking women - and who hate 1.2 billion years of evolutionary sexual history just as much as the ultra-right religionists do. Leftists also hate the fact that humans are sexually dimorphic, and they actively ignore that we're not 'blank slates,' as Steven Pinker has commented on.

I'm for good women and men who put family & children first.

I'm proudly voting for Trump. He's my kind of Republican. Not a highly shaming human-nature-hating right-wing religionist, nor a human-nature-hating leftist.

Conserving through truth telling. Conserving through advocacy for family. Conversing through de facto advocacy that the Western Enlightenment continue - which also means conserving and protecting America & traditional American values.

Perhaps where I'm at is a socially moderate / conservative / pragmatic libertarian. But I strongly maintain that pot does rot your brain. And I don't dogmatically follow all libertarian principles. Libertarianism can be a de facto religion too, and I don't wish to join any religions.

I probably aspire to the conservatism Jonathan Haidt mentions, with more equal alliance to Care, Fairness, Liberty, Loyalty, Authority, and Sanctity. The Sanctity of life, not the Sanctity of sacred cows. Loyalty to the Enlightenment and Enlightenment principles. The Authority of the Rule of Law. Care, but not through the Dole because the Dole helps no one mostly. Fairness, but not 'social justice.' Fairness through a fairness of opportunity - but not opportunity at the cost of group rights hierarchies nor identity politics.
          The Woo of Sam Harris: Consciousness, Censorship, Drug trips, and Woo        
Sam Harris, previously a horseman of the new atheist apocalypse, is full of woo.

Today I posted a long analysis of Harris's recent podcast where he chatted at length with Chalmers. I posted this text on a few Facebook forums and on Harris's page. The posting on Harris's page was deleted after about 10 seconds - probably by Harris or his family I bet.

Here's the text which Harris deleted or allowed to be deleted from his Facebook page:

-----------------

Harris & Chalmers vs Dennett on Consciousness:

Harris & Chalmers:
Dennett v Chalmers & then more of Dennett:
and

As per Dennett and as per my own evaluation, Harris and Chalmers apparently see consciousness as an ineffable glow or hum. You know, mostly the same fluffamuff glow one sees with 'light' ghostly mystical deistic Christianity (Anglican, Catholic, etc.).

I've tried very hard to wade through the first video with Sam's podcast. But every time I listen to a few minutes, I feel as if every single step further & further is chock full of woo filled treacle.

Harris & Chalmers sometimes partially and sometimes fully misrepresent Dennett's views. I don't think Dennett is saying consciousness doesn't exist. He's saying the woo-type doesn't exist. However the biological-computer virtual-machine type *does* exist, and he's not saying otherwise from what I can tell.

Related articles:

A lot of verbal & mental masturbation that happens during Sam's podcast (and I say this with the greatest respect for all forms of masturbation) is just plain crazy woo. Examples: We live in a simulated world? Woo. One *key* thing about even beginning to consider such a possibility is one of *perspective.* Who's watching the 'screen or monitor' of such a simulation? Computers who run sims respond to *us* and show *us* what they are doing.

If we did live in a simulation, the >simulating computer< would be generating results, presumably, for an *observer*. Thus there's no need for simulants to have any perception whatsoever of a *real* inner life, really. The hardware on which the sim is running has presents the sim world to an observer, period, right?

As independent biological machines we perceive our inner life because we're independent. If we were in a simulation, there would be no need (nor mechanism?) for simultants themselves to have any perception. The *observer* of the *entire* simulation just needs to be presented with a reasonable simulation, end of story - perhaps.

That's one objection. There's others. But assuming exponential curves for growth is perhaps misplaced. Just seems woo-ey.

Lastly Harris had plenty of time to read up on Dennett's views on consciousness before this most recent podcast with Chalmers, and to chat first hand with Dennett about these matters in detail, before Harris felt inclined to quickly publish a very rough hewn pamphlet on free will - thereby creating a new distance between himself & Dennett, and which is why I believe Dennett doesn't wish to engage in first hand chats with Harris on these matters now.

Harris's entire approach, to free will, and now to consciousness, seems lazy, woo-ey, and hobbled in part by previous exposure to woo Buddhism, and an over ascribing of far too much analytical experiential value to a past drug trip.

Buddhist ideas polluting science & reason: free will, the self, and consciousness

Free Will and The Self Are Not Illusions

---
I posted the above text on Sam's own page over at

It was deleted within about 10 seconds. I don't think he liked my critique of his podcast & so on, if it was his hands on the delete button - probably.

----------------- end of quote of my edited Facebook post where I note the observed censorship down toward the bottom.

Addendum:

In another forum someone asked how big the batteries shall be on the future simulating computer. My response:

As big as Sam Harris's and David Chalmers' egos.

The brain which must be uploaded first is Dennett's. 

Feels like if it weren't for his matter of fact common sense evaluations, woo-meisters like Chalmers and Harris would have free reign.

The Hard Problem of Consciousness (Chalmers, Dennett, & Hoffman)
The New Woo of Chalmers and Harris sounds and feels very much like Deepak Chopra smokey long time running woo.

The Future of God Debate Sam Harris and Michael Shermer vs Deepak Chopra and Jean Houston

Sam has gone off the rails since the above debate.

And Harris has been very lazy regarding his entire approach to free will and consciousness. 

Harris has these 'deep' chats with people now on his podcsst. But Dennett rightly apparently doesn't want to play Harris's game.

Harris had all the time in the world to read up on Dennett's writings and talks on both subjects. And even to talk to him first hand.

Instead he lazily revealed his own uneducated illformed poorly crafted naive Buddhist hippie drug trip views as some sort of 'revelation.' 

Harris is lazy and sloppy, and has revealed himself slowly and concisely to be a petty woo-meister himself.

B. Alan Wallace and Buddhist Dualism

"...he utterly mangles quantum mechanics theory in an attempt to argue that – science says the world is weird, and my beliefs are weird, therefore science supports my views. The logic of this argument fails, but it doesn’t matter because the premise if wrong – quantum weirdness disappears at the macroscopic level.

In the end Wallace does no better than anyone who tries to subvert science to support any ideology..."

---end of quote

Chopra & Chalmers & now Harris do also. Woo-meisters all. The conflation of science with mystical charlatanry

          MIT researchers improve quantum-dot performance        
Written by: David L. Chandler, MIT News Office New production method could enable everything from more efficient computer displays to enhanced biomedical testing. CAMBRIDGE, Mass. — Quantum dots — tiny particles that emit light in a dazzling array of glowing colors — have the potential for many applications, but have faced a series of hurdles to […]
          Play to Canada’s Strengths to Build A Quantum-Safe Future        

Mike Brown, CTO, ISARA Corporation   “The challenge of protecting cyber systems and information is about to get a lot harder, thanks to quantum computing.”   —Greta Bossenmaier, Chief, CSE, delivering A Canadian Perspective on the Cyber Challenge, Lecture to the Canadian Association For Security and Intelligence Studies Symposium, September 23, 2016   It’s widely recognized that the global increase in cybersecurity attacks is not expected to slow. Those responsible for protecting data today can’t postpone or avoid cybersecurity fixes. Hacks are more public and more

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          how to root GOCLEVER QUANTUM 4        
You purchased for yourself smartphone GOCLEVER QUANTUM 4, want to make it more functional and fast, you want to get root rights and extend the functionality of the device? Guideroot help you. Why do I need root root – A super administrator rights. They can significantly speed up the operation of the … Continue reading
          Lançamento-James Bond 007: Quantum of Solace - PC        
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Как странно закончилась вечность,
Как тихо поблекли аллеи,
И звезды оплыли как свечки...
Я больше тобой не болею.
И можно все вдумчиво взвесить,
Взглянуть на события трезво,
И вроде бы можно быть вместе,
Но незачем, не-за-чем, НЕЗА...
Глаза - равнодушней и строже, -
И в душах всего quantum satis.
И холод расстаться поможет,
И нет никаких обязательств.
Как просто, немилый, как пусто,
Как грустно, смешно и нелепо,
Постигнув полета искусство,
На землю осыпаться пеплом.
Ты мной уже пережит, прожит,
Прощен и отпущен без боли.
Ты станешь счастливым, быть может,
Но лучше – останься собою.
Я больше тобой не болею,
Не будет назначенной встречи.
Как тихо – поблекли аллеи...
Как странно - закончилась вечность
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          How Panama Papers' sponsor George Soros made billions offshore        
 
The Independent provided this 1994 glimpse into how George Soros made billions with an offshore Netherlands Antilles fund using tax breaks which are now villified under the Panama Papers by the International Consortium of Journalists he sponsors.  The Quantum fund was formed by Citco (Curacao Investment Trust Co) instead of a Panama law firm.


Lifting the lid of the Soros money machine: 
In an exclusive journey through the labyrinthine empire of the master speculator, Stephanie Cooke and Charles Raw find gains are 'reallocated' to a charmed circle of associates

STEPHANIE COOKE and CHARLES RAW Saturday 5 March 1994


'I STILL consider myself selfish and greedy,' says George Soros. 'I am not putting myself forward as any kind of saint. I have very healthy appetites and I put myself first.'
Mr Soros is the man who made dollars 1bn when Britain left the European exchange rate mechanism in September 1992, earning him the status of a legendary investor. But that status was tarnished last month, when he lost a similar sum on the yen.

Nevertheless, he has set the tone for a new generation of large-scale professional investors who run so-called hedge funds on behalf of wealthy private clients. Markets regularly hang on his predictions for the course of gold, currencies and shares.

The size of these hedge funds means they are regularly singled out as the cause of seismic shifts in financial markets. That is putting Mr Soros into sharper focus, simply because he is the leader of the pack. If he should falter, the knock-on effect could be widespread.

That is why central banks have started to ask questions about unregulated offshore operations such as his.

Ever the master of public relations, Mr Soros welcomed the central banks' probe. 'I feel there is an innate instability in unregulated markets,' he told the Reuters news agency.

Until now, however, remarkably little has been known about how the Soros financial empire is organised.

The first detailed analysis of the funds' published documents reveals that he has created a complex and bizarre financial creature in which the interests of Mr Soros, his family, close friends and key executives in the business are incestuously intertwined with those of his public investors.

Some of those investors may not have noticed that in the past few years Mr Soros has altered the structure of the organisation so as to reallocate some of the profits in favour of his private circle.

Mr Soros started his offshore fund operation with dollars 4m in 1969, at the age of 39, after learning the arbitrage and investment business in London and New York.

He appears from the start to have aimed at wealthy individuals and professional European investors. He told prospective clients that the purpose of his key Quantum fund was 'to enable sophisticated investors to participate in an internationally diversified investment portfolio'. The Quantum fund is active in currency, commodity and interest- rate markets as well as equities and fixed-interest securities.

Later, in the early 1980s, Soros honed to perfection the technique of charging buyers a premium based on the supply and demand of fund shares.

Normally an open-ended investment fund is sold or redeemed at net asset value, with a sales charge added or an administrative charge deducted. But the Quantum fund can issue shares at a premium to its net asset value. The premium, however, is not based on an open market value.

Instead it is set by the fund's managing director, Citco (Curacao Investment Trust Co) in Curacao in the Netherlands Antilles. This is declared to be 'by or at the direction of the fund's board of supervisory directors', which is chaired by Alberto Foglia of the Banca del Ceresio in Lugano, Switzerland. Its seven other members are mainly European bankers and brokers, including in London the renowned fund manager Nils Taube of Lord Rothschild's St James's Place Capital.

In the late 1980s the Quantum fund's documents stated that the premium would not rise above 25 per cent. As the premium for buying the fund was as low as 1 per cent during that period, it was not an unduly onerous restriction. But in the past few years, as the fund's fortunes have risen, the restriction has been quietly dropped and the premium soared at one point to nearly 40 per cent. After the Japanese loss last month, it dropped four points to 35 per cent, but is now back to 36 per cent.

Possibly to avoid problems with the US authorities, Soros states that his funds are barred to Americans - whether in the US or abroad. At least one exception to this is Soros himself, who became a US citizen in 1961.

By 1972 the fund was worth dollars 20m. For reasons not made clear in recent documents, the operation was relaunched under the Quantum name in 1973. The fund was registered in the Netherlands Antilles, but Soros ran it from New York through Soros Fund Management. No information is given about this firm's precise corporate status, other than that it has always been wholly owned by him personally.

Although Soros now leaves the running of SFM to his executives, the documents state that in his 'personal capacity, he manages a securities trading partnership formed for the benefit of members of the Soros family and several other family accounts'.

By the end of 1980 the fund was worth more than dollars 380m and the net asset value of each share had risen by almost 4,400 per cent. In 1981 Quantum shares fell by 23 per cent, their first drop in value, and the fund nearly halved to dollars 193m. The following year a new category of share was created - the B share - in which Soros placed money invested by himself and his trusts and charities. His own main investment in the fund is now via these shares. It is through them that he apparently exercises control over the fund, although the voting rights of these shares are not explained in more recent documents. He can and does convert B into A shares from time to time, but these are primarily held by outsiders. No single external investor is allowed to exercise more than 4.9 per cent of the votes.

Although the fund recovered and grew once more, it hit another rocky patch in the late 1980s when more investors were selling Quantum shares than were buying. Around this time Soros made serious efforts to expand his operation.

In 1989, in spite of the fact that very few investors came into the fund, the net asset value of Quantum increased by 31.6 per cent.

Mr Soros had demonstrated the magical effect of simple mathematics, something not immediately apparent to laymen. Because of the high number of redemptions during 1989, the benefits were divided among fewer shares, so the net asset value still rose.

By then the operation was working as follows. Under an agreement approved by shareholders in 1988, Soros Fund Management is paid a basic investment advisory fee of 1 per cent a year, payable monthly. But the real cash cow is the annual performance fee. The fee is mainly composed of a sum equal to 15 per cent of any increase in net assets resulting from the fund's operation - before the deduction of the performance fee itself, of course.

There is another element in the fee - 15 per cent 'in net assets resulting from premiums realised on fund share subscriptions and premiums or discounts realised on fund share redemptions'.

Although the fund can issue shares at a premium direct to investors and - as is normal with open-ended funds - redeem them, in practice Quantum acts differently.

It has a subsidiary called Quasco which sells Quantum shares at a premium and buys them back either at a smaller premium or, should the situation arise, a discount of up to 1 per cent. Quasco makes a profit from the margin between the premiums charged to buyers and the price offered to sellers. In recent years the margin has been around 4-5 per cent.

Quasco's accounts are not available, but it is clear it makes a substantial amount of money through these dealings. This money has historically been reinvested in the fund and SFM has taken its 15 per cent cut.

Indeed, the very fact that the money was ploughed back has been used as a strong promotional point by brokers selling the funds.

But in 1991 things started to change. In a significant restructuring of the operation that included the launch of new funds, Mr Soros began the 'reallocation' of some of the gain for 'selected persons associated with SFM'.

By then Mr Soros had apparently finally decided that Quantum's growth had to be curtailed. In February of that year he announced the biggest distribution so far: dollars 4,000 per share, a total of dollars 611m. To satisfy investors who did not want cash, he offered shares in a new fund, Quasar International.

Quasar was a different animal to Quantum. Instead of investing directly in securities, it would invest only in one entity - Quasar International Partners. That in turn would carry out investment activities under advice from SFM. But Quasar, like Quantum, had a dealing subsidiary, Quinter.

The fund was not the only investor in the partnership, however. Mr Soros, 'certain members of his family and other selected persons associated with the partnership's management' also joined the club.

The Quasar fund has had a very successful run. In only its second year of operation it showed an increase in net asset value per share of 56.2 per cent, following a 44.9 per cent rise the previous year.

The accounts for the year ending 31 January 1993 show that of the dollars 18.2m netted on premiums, dollars 5.6m was 'reallocated to other partners'. In the previous year they were allotted dollars 2.55m in premiums. These reallocations were based on their share of the partnership, which had risen from 24.6 per cent at the outset to 29 per cent by the end of the second year, partly because of the reallocations.

Thus Mr Soros, his family and key members of his management team had effectively increased the membership dues for Quantum's sophisticated investors in the fund, and helped to dilute the fund's interest in the partnership.

In the explanatory memorandum about Quasar, Mr Soros explained that 'the Fund's net profit or loss from transactions in the Fund shares (whether realized directly or through Quinter) generally is accounted for as if earned by the Partnership, and thus is shared among the Fund and the other partners.'

Close examination of the accounts also reveals that the 'selected persons' appear to have benefited in another way from the establishment of the partnership.

In April 1991 Soros told Quantum shareholders that they had subscribed for a total of dollars 541m in 'Quasar', without specifying whether he meant the fund or the partnership.

In fact the accounts reveal that while dollars 541m of Quantum's assets were indeed transferred to the Quasar partnership, the Quasar fund's initial net asset value was only dollars 493m - a difference of dollars 48m.

The Quantum investors choosing to invest in Quasar were thus effectively paying a premium of about 9.5 per cent for their new shares.

Another discrepancy appeared in the calculation of the net asset value at the end of the second year. While the fund's holding of the partnership at that time was 71 per cent, when it came to dividing up the net increase in the partnership's capital resulting from operations, the fund got only 67.1 per cent. This is possibly because the 'selected persons' do not pay advisory fees.

The pattern for spinning off new funds had been set.

When Quantum's next distribution of dollars 1.166m was made in February 1992, two further funds were launched: Quota and Quantum Emerging Growth.

Quota was different because it would be managed entirely by outside advisers (but, of course, under SFM's overall direction).

Quantum Emerging Growth remained inside the SFM stable - but its performance fee was set at 20 per cent and also spawned a partnership arrangement similar to the Quasar operation. In effect, therefore, it too raised the stakes for the growing ranks of investors in what was by this stage fast becoming the Soros phenomenon.

This time, though, there was no discrepancy between the assets of Quantum transferred to the partnership and the new fund's equity stake, according to the accounts issued for the first 15 months to 31 March 1993.

During that period the 'selected persons' put some dollars 100m into the partnership. Their share rose from less than 5 per cent at the outset to 15 per cent at the end of the period. Their allocation of the dollars 40m in profits, generated by the premiums from dealings in the fund's shares, was dollars 4.7m.

As the fund's fortunes rocketed, self-restraint among its management seemed to wane. The 25 per cent restriction on the premium had long since disappeared.

Then it spawned two property funds, each with a high- profile partner.

One, Quantum Realty Trust, was with Paul Reichmann, whose Olympia & York operation had collapsed as a result of the financial drain of the Canary Wharf development in London's Docklands.

The other, Quantum UK Realty Fund, was with John Ritblat of British Land. Again, capital was provided partly out of distributions from Quantum and Quasar as well as by Mr Soros and his family, but also this time by other participants.

Although the structure of these new funds is highly complex, they are essentially closed- end operations. What may not have been noticed was that in June 1993 the directors of the open-ended flagship - the Quantum fund - removed an important investment restriction: a prohibition on direct investment in property.

Until the audited accounts for 1993 are available (they are expected to be out in May or June), investors will not know whether advantage has been taken of this change, or what effect it may have had on the liquidity of the fund.

Last year, Quantum quietly transformed itself. On 1 August 'substantially all' of Quantum's assets and liabilities were transferred to a new Curacao partnership, Quantum Partners.

As with Quasar and Quantum Emerging Growth, the Quantum fund is not the only partner. 'Selected persons associated with SFM' - including SFM's managing directors - subscribed for 1.3 per cent of the new partnership's net equity.

In effect they were getting a share in Quantum without having to pay a premium. Already by the end of September their share of the net equity had risen to 1.9 per cent - dollars 78m - and, as with Quasar and Quantum Emerging, they would get a share of the net premiums made from dealings in the flagship fund.

Again, just how much this will be will not be known until the 1993 accounts are available. But in 1992 such dealings contributed dollars 68m towards the rise in the fund's net asset value.

Additionally, SFM's managing directors and 'trusts and charitable foundations created by them' have taken an insurance policy on the future of the fund. This comes in the form of dollars 220m of convertible debentures that pay 6 per cent a year and are convertible in 2003 into partnership shares at 120 per cent of their net asset value on the issue date. They may be worth considerably more than that by then.

In the great tidal wave of money into the Soros empire, which at the end of 1993 stood at dollars 4.9bn for Quantum alone and more than dollars 10bn for the whole group, there is another sum that may one day cause repercussions of its own: the size of the performance fee that SFM leaves in the fund. At the end of 1992, the latest reckoning available, that totalled nearly dollars 550m.

These deferred fees are so structured that they share in the appreciation of the fund, but investors are given no clear picture of when SFM can or will withdraw them.

It is curious that Mr Soros has not yet taken this money out, since it would be one way of reducing the size of the funds. But to take it out quickly now might suggest he was losing confidence in his own creation.



See full text in http://www.independent.co.uk/news/business/lifting-the-lid-of-the-soros-money-machine-in-an-exclusive-journey-through-the-labyrinthine-empire-1427341.html




          Your knowledge companion        
Another thought blog by Visual mapper

Your knowledge companion

Regardless of where you're thought processes are right now with respect to personal databases; having one is a reality that may give you less knowledge management stress.

Now; if you're following these short thought blogs at visualmapper.org you'll be guided by my thought processes regarding the evolution of the mind mapper through information mapping to knowledge mapping.

At this point of the 21stcentury we're experiencing a quantum leap in technology. And this leap, is to me, like a fork in the road. To the left, technology offers a social media model of complete transparency, and to the right; technology offers a personal database model of encryption, security and safety.

Yes a vast majority of the connected world has a social media account; I do too, Twitter and LinkedIn is the extent of my social media exposure these days. I need to though, control my exposure due to business security and NDA's, and a personal database supplies me with absolute control.

Of course the social media user may say “hey these two things are the same thing”, I disagree. I experience very little control after I post, upload or share via any social media models. But it's clear the vast majority who use this model either, wilfully ignore the traps of transparency, or are simply conditioned out of believing encryption, security and safety are relevant.

The personal database models allow the user to have absolute control as to what is shared.

My personal choice for creating, managing and exchanging (controlled sharing) of my personal, academic and business data/information/knowledge is done via the only product that has proven to offer me the best secure, encrypted desktop to cloud sync capabilities to date.

This product/service? It's called TheBrain and you'll find it at www.thebrain.com. Most who view the brain are inquisitive knowledge management seekers who've been encouraged to take a look at it by enthusiasts and power users alike. Your first your reaction may be similar to my own when I first viewed TheBrain.

My reaction was something like: “WTF is this?” Hey I'm a Glasgow boy born and bred; I naturally react this way. But I must admit, I was very negative towards the graphical structure of this product initially. I am now a great admirer and supporter of this awesome product. You see; I was an evolving mind mapper who was stationed at a place called Visual Mapping.

My evolution was wrapped up in the environment I worked within at that time; it was the Quality management field, and boy I was struggling to manage my data and information via my traditional usage of mind maps and flowcharts and even rudimentary info-graphics.

I eventually settled with my graphical mapping product of choice www.conceptdraw.comand to date I can't be moved to use any other product range; as my charting and graphical charting needs are fully met within the ConceptDraw pro product.

My mind mapping usage has more variation that includes but isn't limited to using iMindMap, SimTech MindMapper, ConceptDraw MindMap, MindGenius, Xmind, MindManager, Comapping and Goalscape. How's that for a clear indication of graphical ADD, OCD? But alas due to the nature of my consulting work, I am compelled to keep tabs on and use most of the relevant mainstream visual mapping products to have a choice of excellent product to use to get the job done.

As much as I use and abuse many products associated with Visual Mapping; the one aspect of absolute need that has not been delivered to me by these mentioned products to date is the expansion of their single file architecture into a database file architecture. I've harped on about this in previous posts and I'll do it again no doubt.

But it is true; For all the products I use, not one of them have escaped from the single file, so restrictive, architecture. Yes I had that WTF moment when I saw TheBrain, but now I am almost in love with the TheBrain product/service. It has transformed the way I create, manage and exchange my database existence and I have complete control.

So this blog title “Your knowledge companion”; I say TheBrain can and does become your knowledge companion after you get past the WTF first impression. Visit www.thebrain.com, download the product, play with it, become frustrated with it, discover the realities it contains for your knowledge handling and after you take a step back for a bit; realize it can become your most important knowledge companion.


TheBrain: it really is yours to discover

          CILIP SW AGM and Members' Day        

Developing the leader within

Aimed at information and library workers in all sectors.  A mixture of presentations and practical exercises to develop leadership skills, regardless of positions held within an organisation.


The day will begin with the CILIP South West Member Network AGM.  We would encourage members to attend the AGM and help to shape the next 12 months of our activities. 


 

    Nick Poole, Chief Executive CILIP
    Jo Alcock, ‎Freelance trainer, researcher and coach with a background in the library and information sector. Presentation on ‘You don’t need a title to be a leader’
    Virginia Power, Graduate Tutor, University of the West of England MSc/Postgraduate Diploma/Information Management
    Siobhan Hawke, Mentor Support Officer, CILIP SW.  Developing practical skills for coaching and mentoring

    Fri, 21st Apr 2017 - 9:30am to 4:00pm
    CILIP SWMN

    University of Bristol Centre for Nanoscience and Quantum Information

    Tyndall Avenue
    BS8 1FD Bristol

    Cost

    • CILIP Members - Free (lunch not included)
    • CILIP Non-members £25 (lunch not included)
    Free Event: 

              Nasehat Bijak Einstein tentang Hidup Sukses        


    Tak perlu bersiap-siap mengernyitkan kening, kita hanya akan membahas ringan tentang filosofi hidup singkat Einstein. Tidak ada Fisika, nuklir, atau hal-hal jenius. Hanya small things tapi sering terlupakan, padahal berpengaruh besar terhadap kehidupan kita.

    Apa saja nasehat bijak Einstein? yuk kita lihat.
    1. Buntuti Terus Rasa Ingin Tahu Anda

    “Saya bukan memiliki bakat khusus. Hanya selalu menikmati rasa ingin tahu saja.”

    Membaca kutipan Einstein di atas membuat saya bertanya-tanya Seperti apa rasa ingin tahu itu? Saya selalu bertanya-tanya mengapa ada orang sukses, sementara banyak lainnya gagal; karena itu saya menghabiskan banyak waktu membaca banyak bahan. Mencari tahu koneksi berbagai hal terhadap kata ‘sukses’.

    Mengejar jawaban rasa ingin tahu Anda adalah kunci rahasia kesukesan.
    2. Tekun itu Tak Ternilai.

    “Saya bukannya pintar, boleh dikatakan hanya bertahan lebih lama menghadapi masalah.”

    Bayangkan seekor kura-kura di tengah rimba gunung, sementara dia ingin menuju pantai. Atau, apakah Anda setekun tunas mangga terus-menerus bertumbuh, berkembang sehingga akhirnya berbuah?

    Ada ungkapan bagus popular di kalangan pegawai pos, ‘selembar prangko menjadi bernilai hanya karena ketika dia menempel pada surat hingga mengantarnya sampai ke tujuan’.

    Jadilah seperti prangko, selesaikan apa yang sudah Anda mulai.
    3. Fokus pada saat ini.

    “Seorang pria yang bisa menyetir dengan aman sementara mencium gadis cantik, sebenarnya tidak memberi penghargaan yang layak untuk ciumannya itu.”

    Einstein kok ngomongin tentang ciuman ya? Ah, itu kan hanya istilah saja Tapi saya ingin cerita tentang kejadian ketika saya menjaga kebun duren di kebun di desa saya. Begitu banyak kera seperti menunggu saya lengah dan menyikat durian ranum di atas pohon. Ayah saya bilang, saya tak akan bisa menembak dua kera sekaligus. Pengertian saya atas kata-kata beliau adalah, ‘saya bisa melakukan banyak hal, tapi bukan semua hal sekaligus’. Belajar untuk ‘berada di sini, saat ini’; berikan perhatian kepada apa yang sedang Anda kerjakan.

    Energi terfokus adalah sumber kekuatan. Itulah perbedaan antara kesuksesan dan kegagalan.
    4. Imaginasi adalah kekuatan.

    “Imaginasi adalah segalanya. Imaginasi adalah penarik masa depan. Imaginasi lebih penting daripada pengetahuan”

    Ungkapan Einstein ini sangat terkenal. Apakah Anda berimajinasi setiap hari? Imaginasi lebih penting dari pengetahuan! Imaginasi memainkan satu babak awal dalam pentas hidup masa depan Anda. Lagi, kata Einstein, “Tanda kejeneniusan sesungguhnya bukanlah pengetahuan melainkan imaginasi.”

    Sekali lagi, apakah Anda sudah melatih otot-otot imaginasi Anda setiap hari? Jangan biarkan otot-otot itu menjadi kurus dan sakit-sakitan. Hidup tanpa imajinasi seperti mengikuti aliran sungai, pasrah mengikuti apapun kemauan dan ke mana arahnya. Tak memiliki kuasa atas apapun terhadap pilihan pun keinginan. Menyedihkan.
    5. Buat Kesalahan.

    “Seseorang yang tidak pernah membuat kesalahan sebenarnya tak pernah mencoba sesuatu yang baru.”

    Einstein tak pernah takut dengan kesalahan. Tak perlu alergi dengan kesalahan. Catat baik-baik, KESALAHAN bukan KEGAGALAN. Dua hal tadi berbeda. Kesalahan-kesalahan dapat membantu Anda menjadi lebih baik, lebih cepat, lebih cerdas–jika Anda menggunakannya dengan tepat tentunya.

    Carilah sesuatu berbau baru–something new–dari kesalahan Anda. Seperti sudah dibilang sebelumnya, jika ingin sukses, belajar lebih banyak dari kesalahan Anda.
    6. Hidup pada saat ini.

    “Saya tak pernah memikirkan masa depan–itu akan datang sesaat lagi.”

    Satu-satunya jalan agar hidup Anda baik dimasa depan adalah hidup dengan baik pada saat sekarang. Ah, lagi-lagi nasehat bijak untuk menyikapi waktu dengan tepat oleh pakar fisika quantum Einstein.

    Sangat tak mungkin mengubah kemarin karena sudah terjadi. Anda bisa lakukan sekarang adalah mengubah cara pandang Anda SAAT INI tentang kemarin agar menjadi lebih baik. Anda juga tidak bisa mengubah besok menjadi lebih baik, kecuali jika Anda melakukan yang terbaik pada saat ini.

    Masalahnya hanya tentang waktu, dan waktu tidak pernah ke mana-mana kok
    7. Hargai diri Anda.

    “Berusahalah dengan keras bukan untuk menjadi sukses, tapi untuk menjadi lebih berharga.”

    Tak perlu lah banting tulang untuk menjadi lebih sukes. Luangkan waktu Anda untuk menaikkan nilai diri Anda. Jika Anda memang bernilai, sukses akan datang menghampiri Anda. Apakah Einstein bekerja lebih keras untuk sukses? Saya pikir dia hanya terus menerus berinvestasi untuk meningkatkan nilai dirinya. Sukses datang sendiri kepadanya.

    Kenali bakat dan berkah karunia-Nya kepada Anda. Belajarlah mengasah mereka menjadi lebih tajam, gunakan untuk memberi manfaat sebanyak-banyaknyak kepada orang lain.

    Bekerjalah untuk menjadi bernilai, sukses akan mengejar Anda. Apakah berlian harganya sama dengan kerikil? Anda punya jawabannya Keduanya mengalami takaran berbeda sehingga membedakan nilainya.
    8. Jangan mengharapkan Hasil Berbeda.

    “Kegilaan: adalah melakukan sesuatu dengan cara sama berulang-ulang dan mengaharapkan hasil berbeda. Anda jangan mengharapkan hasil menjadi lebih baik jika Anda masih bertahan dengan cara yang Anda pakai sekarang. Dengan ungkapan lain, Anda mimpi mengharapkan otot bisep Anda menjadi lebih ‘seksi’ jika masih mengangkat barbel ringan terus menerus.

    Jika ingin hidup Anda berubah, Anda harus berubah. Mengubah cara pikir, cara pandang dan cara melakukan sesuatu. Ketika Anda mengubah pikiran Anda, mengubah Sudut pandang Anda, mengubah tindakan Anda, hidup Anda akan berubah dengan sendirinya.

    Guys, bayangkan hal berikut: Ada seorang gadis manis tepat di depanmu. Bandingkan kedua aksi berikut. Pertama, kamu senyum tulus, reaksi si gadis adalah membalas senyummu. Kedua, kamu melotot padanya, bisa ditebak apa reaksi di gadis?
    9. Pengetahuan terasah melalui Pengalaman

    “Informasi bukanlah pengetahuan. Satu-satunya sumber pengetahuan adalah pengalaman.”

    Setuju pak Einstein, saya tak berani membantah nasehat bapak di atas.
    Pengetahuan itu berasal dari pengalaman. Anda bisa mendiskusikan sebuah proyek; tapi diskusi itu hanya akan memberi Anda informasi. Anda harus melakukan proyek tersebut untuk ‘tahu’ apakah proyek tersebut berjalan dengan benar atau tidak. Anda harus melakukannya untuk mengatasi munculnya masalah-masalah ditengah proyek berjalan. Itu membuat Anda memiliki pengalaman baru dan bermanfaat.

    Apa pesan Einstein? Carilah pengalaman! Jangan habiskan waktumu nonton sinetron cinta sementara dirimu setengah mati menginginkan pacar,Keluar dari duniamu sekarang dan pengalaman tak ternilai menunggumu di luar sana.
    10. Pahami Aturan Main, Lalu Bermainlah Lebih Baik.

    “Anda harus memahami aturan permainan. Kemudian Anda harus bermain lebih baik daripada pemain lain.”

    Bagi Einstein, dia cukup memahami aturan-aturan dasar Fisika lalu berpikir dan bekerja lebih baik dibanding fisikawan lainnya. Sederhananya, anda cukup melakukan dua hal saja.

    Pertama, yang harus anda lakukan adalah memahami ‘peraturan’ bagaimana cara Anda melakukannya. Kedua, Lakukan pekerjaan tersebut lebih baik dibanding orang lain.
    Well, itu tadi 10 kutipan nasehat bijak Albert Einstein dgn terjemahan bebas, semoga 10 Nasehat Bijak Einstein bisa bermanfaat untuk menjadi inspirasi dan membuat hidup lebih bijak.

    Terimakasih sudah membaca,..
    Diasaring dari berbagai sumber..

              Is the brain the origin of Man's mind?        


    What is artificial intelligence?

    Artificial Intelligence or AI is among the most recently advanced scientific concepts. The associated field of study has been defined as follows: ‘the study of mental faculties that encompasses computational techniques for performing tasks which apparently require intelligence when performed by humans’ (M. S. Aksoy, The Fountain, 1993, No.4, p.10).

    Modern scientific inquiry is directed to finding analogues for human mental activities

    Besides searching for new techniques to substitute man in the fields of labor, modern scientific inquiry is also directed to finding analogues for human mental activities. Since their assumption is that man is merely a physical-material entity (a complex of physical, biological and chemical processes), many scientists are hopeful that they can produce a complete copy of human functions. It is their assertion that since at least nothing in existing physical theories accounts for the existence of non-computable processes in the brain, all of man’s intellectual activities can be computed. However, Roger Penrose, the famous Oxford mathematician, argues against this assertion. He argues from Gödel’s theorem which states that for every consistent formal system that has the power to do arithmetic, there will always be a true statement. That is, a formal system is a set of logical or computational rules; termed consistent if it never produces contradictory statements. Yet, as human beings can see that that statement is true, this constitutes a sign that our minds can go beyond the powers of any formal system. However, since Penrose himself (like many others who share his opinions) cannot free himself from the confines of (materialistic) physics and nothing in existing physical theories accounts for non-computable processes, in order to be able to find a physical foundation for his theory, he pins his hopes on future elaborations of the theory of quantum mechanics. In his attempt to explain human consciousness, Penrose notes that the biggest mystery of all is how electrical activity in the brain gives rise to the experience of consciousness. It is hard to understand why an inner life should arise from the mere enactment of a computation, no matter how complex. However, his alternative is not more convincing than what he rejects. He tries to explain human consciousness with quantum processes in microtubules—collapsing quantum wave functions (the mathematical functions describing the position and momentum of a particle) in protein structures found in the skeletons of neurons.

    Is the physical body the origin of all activities of man’s intellect?

    The main problem arises from accepting the physical body as the origin of all activities of man’s intellect. The problem is also true for the expectations from Artificial Intelligence. Aksoy has a simple but meaningful objection to the assumptions underlying those expectations: ‘A man-made system can be very smart and artificially very intelligent but no such system so far has been awarded a prize for its innovative abilities. It is the human being who made it who wins the prize. What is prized, what is of higher worth, is not the system but its maker or builder.’ Another more simple objection can be raised here. For example, after doing a spell-check on a word-processor, you may come across many mistakes which the software has not recognized. Any sentence can be written in several ways in which the words are correctly spelt but are not the words you intend to use. For example, if we type the sentence ‘What is prized is not the system but its maker or builder’ as ‘What is priced is not the system but its make or build’, most people who know the language will recognize it immediately and effortlessly as nonsense. But the software’s spell-check and grammar-check will pass the sentence as OK. Such examples can be multiplied for a great variety of tasks requiring experience and understanding which cannot be analogued or translated for AI machines but which humans cope with quite easily.

    More ‘developed’ animals must also be more developed in using their senses and faculties or their brains but they are not always so

    Another point to mention concerning man’s intellectual activities relates to the issue of learning and education. Materialistic approaches attribute all of man’s intellectual activities to his brain. According to the theory of evolution, if taken literally, more developed animals must also be more developed in using their senses and faculties or their brains. But this is not the case.

    As Dr Yilmaz points out (The Fountain, No. 19, pp. 34–6), compared with a shark which can smell a drop of blood in the sea from a distance of about 25,000 feet, man is very much less developed. If we judge the degree of development according to the sense of smell, in place of men or monkeys, sharks will be at the top of the chain. Whereas, with respect to the sense of seeing, eagles are much more developed than sharks, as well as more than men and monkeys: an eagle can spot a rabbit on the ground from a height of about 6,000 feet. Would it not be true for a honey-bee to say of us: ‘Those clumsy ones can draw with tools and only after calculations the hexagons that I can make so easily and exactly identical to one another. They cannot make so sweet and healing a substance as honey that I produce in great amounts.’ Again, according to the literal logic of the theory of evolution, must a more developed animal not inherit the abilities of one less developed than itself? In this case, must man not have the abilities of all animals and must apes not have the abilities of all other animals ‘lower’ on the evolutionary ladder than themselves? Also, if man was evolved from apes, should the first man evolved not have inherited all the abilities and knowledge of all apes? However, we see that while all other animals are born as if educated and instructed already in all the information they will need to survive, man is born knowing next to nothing of what he needs to know to survive. And while all other animals come to the world with the same information or knowledge their predecessors had and there is negligible (if indeed any) difference between the amount of knowledge and abilities that the members of a species have, a man’s knowledge cannot be inherited by his progeny. Consequently, human beings vary hugely in their intellectual and artistic capacities and the amount or level of their knowledge.

    Behaviorism and cognitivism in learning

    Materialistic and evolutionist psychology consider learning either as a matter of behavioral patterning by reinforcement or the storage and use of knowledge. The first view is called behaviorism, while the latter cognitivisim. However, both are agreed that it is the brain or neural systems which learn. That is, the intellectual dimension of man’s being consists in his brain. They confuse how a man learns with what it is that does the learning. What they want us to believe with respect to man’s intellectual faculties is not different from defining how a factory works. According to their logic, it is the factory itself which built itself and works according to the laws pre-determined by either itself or the collective being of factories. Although they use personal pronouns such as ‘I’ or ‘You’ or ‘We’ in referring to those who learn, speak, think, reason, decide and so on, forgetting that the brain does not know itself or what it is doing and also forgetting that it is we—humans—who study, speak about, comment on and even operate on the brain, they regard it as scientific to attribute all man’s intellectual activities and faculties, and therefore his conscious existence, to the brain. If that is so, why do we not concentrate our efforts merely on the brain and adjust it as a way of adjusting or educating individuals rather than go to the trouble and expense we currently go through to educate and bring up our fellow members of society? Again, does attributing man’s intellectual activities to the brain mean that whatever man will need in life and also his desires, expectations, feelings, pains of the past and anxieties of the future, etc. were pre-encoded in his brain and that according to the situations or the stimuli coming from the outer world, the brain brings them forth as responses? According to what we are asked to believe, the brain continually self-organizes, learns and adapts throughout our lives. Understanding how millions of neurons self-organize through non-linear feedback interactions requires that we have a full grasp of the mathematics of neural networks and of how this mathematics helps us to understand the link between brain and behavior. Is it not compounding our ignorance to attribute to a heap of blind, deaf, ignorant flesh, blood and neurons unconscious of themselves, of their existence and what they are doing or why, all of man’s intellectual faculties and activities with all their complexity, all of our consciousness and culture, religious life? Does this make sense? And does not doing so entail a denial of man’s free will? Although some psychologists such as Tolman and Köhler are of the opinion that at least in some cases learning appears to be purposeful and animals and people have an awareness of what is being acquired and they actively interpret the stimuli they sense from the environment, since they too attribute this to the brain by asserting that there must be more than one system in the brain involved in learning, the point on which all materialistic approaches are agreed (consciously or unconsciously) is that man is an animal whose acts consist in the automatic responses of his brain, an animal that has no free will to direct and control his life.

    The activity of learning is remarkably easy as both behaviorists or cognitivists assert. Yet it is nevertheless extremely complex. Besides senses, many human faculties such as imagination, conceptualization, reasoning, comparing, retaining, remembering, confirming and conviction, have a share in it. Each of these faculties give its color to what is learnt. For example, only imagination gives rise to falsehoods, while conceptualization is ambiguous as to what passes through it. Reasoning does not have an established view of what comes to it, while capable of confirming partiality or prejudices pleasing to the one doing the reasoning. Surely the materialistic approach has no right to that degree of conviction achieved by impartial reasoning and study of real evidence and which is worthy to be called scientific knowledge. Rather, what materialist and evolutionist psychologists suggest may only be the product of imagination or partial (i.e. biased) reasoning.


              Does the sub-atomic world provide a proof for creation?        


    Out of the three famous papers that Albert Einstein published in 1905, On a Heuristic Point of View Concerning the Production and Transformation of Light explicitly stated the quantum hypothesis for electromagnetic radiation, and On the Movement of Small Particles Suspended in Stationary Liquids Required by the Molecular-Kinetic Theory of Heat developed the theory that led to the establishment of the sub-atomic nature of matter.

    Following the classical Newtonian physics and under the spell of developments in science, physicists of the 19th century claimed that they could explain every phenomenon in the universe. E. Dubois Reymond, at a meeting held in memory of Leibniz in the Prussian Academy in 1880 was a bit humbler: ‘There have remained seven enigmas in the universe, three of which we are unable to solve yet: The essential nature of matter and force, the essence and origin of movement and the nature of consciousness. The three of the rest that we can solve although with great difficulties are: The origin of life, the order in the universe and the apparent purpose for it and the origin of thought and language. As for the seventh, we can say nothing about it. It is the individual free will’ (quoted in A. Adivar, Ilim ve Din (‘Science and Religion’), Istanbul 1980, p.282).

    The sub-atomic world threw all scientists into confusion. This world and the ‘quantum cosmology’ which it introduces, rather than being a heap or assemblage of concrete things, is made up of five elements: the mass of the electron in the field where an action occurs (M), the mass of the proton (m), the electrical charge which these two elements carry, the energy quanta (h)—the amount of the energy remaining during the occurrence of the action—and the unchanging speed of light (c). These five elements or the universe can even be reduced to action or energy waves traveling through space in tiny packets or quanta. Since the quanta required for an action are special to it and exist independently of the quanta required for the previous action, it becomes impossible to predict the exact state of the universe. If the universe is in t1 state now, it cannot be predicted that it will be the same in t2 state. Paul Renteln, assistant professor of physics at California State University, writes (American Scientist, Nov.-Dec., 1991, p.508):

    Modern physicists live in two different worlds. In one world we can predict the future position and momentum of a particle if we know its present position and momentum. This is the world of classical physics, including the physics described by Einstein’s theory of gravity, the general theory of relativity. In the second world it is impossible to predict the exact position and momentum of a particle. This is the probabilistic, subatomic world of quantum mechanics. General relativity and quantum mechanics are the two great pillars that form the foundation of 20th-century physics, and yet their precepts assume two different kinds of universe.

    The real nature of this sub-atomic world and the events taking place in it make it impossible to construct a theory to describe them, because they cannot be observed. One reason for their unobservability is that, as Renteln writes in an attempt to propose a theory which he calls quantum gravity to reconcile the two different worlds of classical and quantum physics, ‘the events take place at a scale far smaller than any realm yet explored by experimental physics. It is only when particles approach to within about 10-35 meter that their gravitational interactions have to be described in the same quantum-mechanical terms that we adopt to understand the other forces of nature. This distance is 1024 times smaller than the diameter of an atom—which means that the characteristic scale of quantum gravity bears the same relation to the size of an atom as an atom bears to the size of the solar system. To probe such small distances would require a particle accelerator 1015 times more powerful than the proposed Superconducting Supercollider.’

    At the outset of this century, electrons surrounding the nucleus of an atom were thought to orbit the nucleus like planets in a miniature solar system. However, later researches modified that view. The electron is now understood to be more of an energy field cloud fluctuating around a nucleus.

    The nucleus itself seemed to be composed of two smaller constituents—protons and neutrons. However, in the 1960s, physicists Murray Gell-Mann and George Zweig confirmed by experiments that protons and neutrons were made up of even more elementary particles, which Gell-Mann called ‘quarks’. Quarks cannot be seen, not just because they are too small but also because they do not seem to be quite ‘all there’.

    Quarks are better described as swirls of dynamic energy, which means that solid matter is not, at its fundamental level, solid at all. Anything you hold in your hand and which seems solid, is really a quivering, shimmering, lacy lattice of energy, pulsating millions of times every second as billions of fundamental particles gyrate and spin in an eternal dance. At its most fundamental level, everything is energy held together by forces of incredible power.

    This is not all that makes us unable to predict even the nearest future of the universe. According to Werner Heisenberg’s theories, at just the time when we can know either where a particle is or how fast it is traveling, we cannot know both. This is because the very act of measuring the particle alters its behavior. Measuring the particle’s speed changes its position, and measuring its position changes its speed.

    However, the unpredictability in the sub-atomic world does not change anything in our everyday, predictable world. Everything works according to the basic laws of classical Newtonian physics. (Groping in the Light, 1990, pp. 11-17).

    Why is this so and how should our view of the world and events be?

    Scientists who believe in the existence of God and His creation of the universe suggest that creation was not a single event. That is, God did not create the universe as a single act and then leave it to operate according to the laws He established. Rather, creation is a continuous act (creatio continua). In other words, roughly like the movement of energy or electricity and its illuminating our world by means of bulbs, existence continuously comes from God and returns to and perishes in Him. Through the manifestation of all His Names, God continuously creates, annihilates and re-creates the universe. Some medieval Muslim scholarly saints such as Muhy al-Din ibn al-’Arabi and Mawlana Jalal al-Din al-Rumi called these pairs of acts as the continuous cycle of coming into existence and dying. Because of the incredible speed of this movement, the universe appears to be uniform and continuous. Rumi likens this to the fast spinning of a staff on one end of which there is fixed a light. When spun at speed, the light on the end of the staff appears as if a circle of light.

    Unable to explain the extreme complexity of existence and the events taking place, some scientists assert that everything is in chaos and attribute the formation of universe as it is to mere chance. According to them, other universes could have formed, they simply did not, and there is no reason that the universe is the way it is. Given that it is impossible for even three or more unconscious things moving at random to come together by themselves to form even the simplest entity, it is highly questionable whether a rational person can accept that the wonderful order prevailing in the universe according to which we can direct our lives can be explained without attributing it to a supernatural intellect. A. Cressy Morrison writes (Man Does Not Stand Alone, New York, pp.98-9.):

    The proverbial penny may turn up heads ten times running and the chance of an eleventh is not expected but is still one in two, but the chance of a run of ten heads is very small. Suppose you have a bag containing one hundred marbles, ninety-nine black and one white. Shake the bag and let out one. The chance that the first marble out is the white one is exactly one in one hundred. Now put the marbles back and start over again. The chance of the white coming out is still one in a hundred, but the chance of the white coming out first twice in succession is one in ten thousand.

    Now try a third time, and the chance of the white coming out three times in succession is one hundred times ten thousand or one in a billion. Try another time or two and the figures become astronomical.

    The results of chance are as closely bound by law as the fact that two and two make four.

    All the nearly exact requirements of life could not be brought about on one planet at one time by chance. The size of the earth, the distance from the sun, the thickness of the earth’s crust, the quantity of water, the amount of carbon dioxide, the volume of nitrogen, the emergence of man and his survival—all point to order out of chaos, to design and purpose, and to the fact that, according to the inexorable laws of mathematics, all these could not occur by chance simultaneously on one planet once in a billion times. It could so occur, but it did not so occur.

    Attributing the impossible to chance is a trick of the human mind, its stubborn resistance, which confuses a theoretical possibility with the actual facts. For example, it is possible that the Pacific Ocean has now changed into milk, but actually it has not.

    As it is impossible to construct a building on a flowing stream, God Almighty spread over the unpredictability of the sub-atomic world the veil of the speed of its movement and made the universe dependent on what we call laws. It is for this reason that everything in the outer face of nature works according to the basic laws of classical Newtonian physics. However, it is a matter of controversy between the two schools of Ahl al-Sunna wa l-Jama’a whether the universe has a continuous existence working according to established laws and things accordingly have perpetual properties or God continuously creates the universe and orders each component of it what to do at every moment. The followers of the Maturidi School assert that God created the universe and set it to operate according to certain laws which He established, giving each thing certain properties. For example, fire burns because God gave it the quality of burning. Whereas, the followers of the Ash’ari School maintain that the universe does not have a perpetual, established existence and reality. Nor do things have essential qualities of themselves. God creates the universe anew each ‘moment’ and directs it continuously by ordering each thing to do what it must do. For example, fire does not essentially have the quality of burning, rather, God gives it the order to burn and it burns. Since according to the dictates of life in the universe, He usually orders it to burn, we think that fire essentially has the quality of burning.

    As we accept the ‘relative’ truth of both Newtonian and quantum physics at the same time, we can also accept the truth of the views of both schools. As a matter of belief and as life at the most fundamental level of existence as in the sub-atomic world points out, God is continuously active, creating the universe anew and directly administering it. While at practical level, life will be impossible for us if we do not accept or assume the uniform continuity or stability of existence. What would life be if we were conscious that the sun would not rise tomorrow morning or that we might not live a second longer, although it is theoretically conceivable both that the sun might not rise tomorrow and that we might not survive a second longer?


              Paul Cuff        
    Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering
    B316 Engineering Quadrangle
    609-258-7946
    cuff

              Nathalie de Leon        
    Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering
    B320, Engineering Quadrangle
    609-258-5694
    npdeleon

              Andrew Houck        
    Professor of Electrical Engineering
    B424 Engineering Quadrangle
    609-258-2571
    aahouck

              Marcus Nalgaber - The beach of the thoughts - Guitar in the nature        

    © onacarommusic.com Soundscape, quantum music, ambient, Meditation music, Relaxation music, acoustic music, guitar music

    Cast: OnacarOm

    Tags: © onacarommusic.com Soundscape, quantum music, ambient, Meditation music, Relaxation music, acoustic music and guitar music


              Marcus Nalgaber - The bay of the dolphins - Guitar in the nature        

    © onacarommusic.com Soundscape, quantum music, ambient, Meditation music, Relaxation music, acoustic music, guitar music

    Cast: OnacarOm

    Tags: © onacarommusic.com Soundscape, quantum music, ambient, Meditation music, Relaxation music, acoustic music and guitar music


              Augmented Reality - Projection Mapping        

    //
    A short documentary by Enterdanement

    //
    Mapping projects by AntiVJ

    0.14 3Destruct (AntiVJ 2011)
    1.16 Nuits sonores (AntiVJ 2009)
    1.20 Mécaniques Discursives (Legoman 2012)
    1.22 St Gervais (AntiVJ 2010)
    5.45 EYJAFJALLAJÖKULL (Joanie Lemercier - AntiVJ 2012)
    6.48 Enghien (AntiVJ - 2009)

    more info: http://www.antivj.com/

    //
    Mapping projects by Jean-Michel Verbeeck

    1.29 Hexastruct
    2.43 Quantum

    more info: http://www.facebook.com/VJkonstruktiv

    //
    MUSIC BY NOSAJ THING

    Cast: Dane Luttik, Nick De Vucht, Jean-Michel Verbeeck and Nick Veroug

    Tags: mapping, mapping festival, jean-michel verbeeck, antivj, joanie lemercier, projection mapping, ilan katin, madmapper, modul8, vj, visual, nosaj thing, hexastruct, projector and video mapping


              Quantum teaching (Power Point)        
    quantum-teaching
              How to Handle a Panic Attack        
    If you suffer with panic attacks, then Panic Away is a self help ebook that can help you. It shows you how to use some incredible methods to stop panic attacks dead in their tracks. Other methodologies such as deep relaxation and deep breathing techniques may help decrease the period of your panic episodes, but will not permanently cure them.

    It starts all of a sudden - your heart starts to pound, your breathing becomes quick, your stomach feels queasy, your body starts to go numb and your thoughts border on the crazy or detached from reality or misguided fear. You'll experience these indications of a panic fit anywhere from 5 to twenty minutes though these signs reach a peak inside 10 minutes of the episode.

    Sadly, panic attacks can cause disruptions in daily existance, not to mention extreme social embarrassment when left rash for long amounts of time. In fact , you go on a'fight or flight' mode even if the situation and/or stimuli do not warrant it!
    Fortunately , medical science has discovered ways with which you can control your panic attacks while it happens.

    Sit Tight

    Yes, you must sit tight or stay still for one or two minutes when you recognize the symptoms. This way, you achieve two things. First, you avoid making a fool of yourself when you fall prey to your feelings of panicky fear by acting on them aimlessly. 2nd, you avoid fainting about on the spot especially when your blood is already dashing to your head. You can achieve this by tensing your leg and arm muscles for approximately half a minute.
    You could have some difficulty staying still even for only a few 2nd particularly when your body is on its biological'fight or flight' mode.

    By this, you have to practice deep diaphragmatic breathing that may be done by doing the following steps :

    * Using your nose, breathe slowly until you are feeling that your belly, not your chest, expands
    * Using your pursed lips, slowly exhale till your stomach deflates


    And lest you think this is not possible in daily existance, think again. As such, we will re-learn it to our advantage!

    The explanation behind deep diaphragmatic breathing is to revive the balance between the oxygen and CO2 levels in the body. This, in turn, helps your body to relax and your consciousness to acquire clarity, each of which are requirements to stop a panic attack before it becomes worse.

    Halt Your Negative Thinking
    Panic episodes are marked by extreme negative thinking - your future is doomed, your life is at risk, and your family will be at risk, to name a few - that succumbing to these thoughts can regularly lead to worse things. However [*COMMA] you can straight away put a stop to your negative feelings even while you are taking diaphragmatic breaths.

    This will pass and I shall be alright again'.
    If you have got a close family or friend whom you trust, you can think about this person and imagine him/her to be beside you while providing encouraging words and loving hugs. You'll soon find that your panic fit will slowly but surely pass like it was never there in the first place.

    Of course , life is a little too short to be having panic attacks from interrupting your delight in life.

    If you are after an ebook option to study, then Panic Away is reputed to be the easiest and most effective cure available. Find out more by reading this Panic Away review. I must say that of all the products I have tried, Panic Away is one of the best I have seen and used.

    Other sites worth checking out:
    Overcoming-Anxiety-With-Hypnosis
    Learning To Play Guitar
    Will Renegade Network Marketing Work for You?
    Will Renegade Network Marketing Work for You?
    What Is Your Level of Confidence?


              Confidence and Quantum Confidence        
    Confidence is a particularly broad and general term. We would all enjoy being assured, and having more confidence through our lives in general, but when we make this choice in our lives, it's important to define the method of confidence that we'd like in life. Without implementing the employment of a defined goal, it is very likely that our full potential when it comes to determining your level of confidence. We all have the vision of confidence, but the only possible way that it will turn into a fact is for us to make goals and do what it takes to achieve those goals. Here, we will appraise how it's possible for you to go about determining your level of confidence.

    In order to go about the process of determining your level of confidence, it is first crucial to ask some questions. These questions will help you figure out what confidence means to you. Does it mean holding a certain position at work? Does it mean achieving a certain money goal? Does it mean remaining positive at all times? You have to know what confidence means to you before you can determine your level of confidence and how to achieve confidence. Let's move on to the questions :

    - Are you the sort of person that requires plenty of direction when it comes to making critical choices in your life?
    - Is it important to you to have a support system in place that consists of many people to make you feel more secure?
    - Are you active in conferences, or do you simply sit and listen?
    - have you got a fear of public speaking?
    - Do you get nervous and/or concerned when it comes to meeting new people?
    - have you got a troublesome time saying no thank you to your managers, or folks in general?
    - Do you suffer with approval addiction?
    - Are risks just too dodgy to even consider?
    - Are you happy with your appearance?
    - Do you like being in the midst of many alternative people?

    Answering these questions will basically put into some kind of perspective what level of confidence that you have. It should help you in deciding your strengths, as well as your inadequacies. It is essential that you understand what points in your personality and thoughts that you must change to set the acceptable goals that will enable you to enhance your confidence levels.

    Confidence Essentials

    When it comes to increasing confidence, there are a few things that I consider to be necessities when it comes to your overall success. Noted below are a few of these essentials :

    - First, you need to sway your thinking from a negative viewpoint to a positive viewpoint. One of the handiest techniques that I feel is productive in this area is to believe that you are on a mission. Nobody was placed here by accident. Every single individual on Earth has a purpose or a mission in life. All those negative things that happen and exasperate us - those are lessons! That's's right! The mistakes, the screw ups, the bad luck - all these things are put in place to help you in the way of learning to be your very best as you journey thru life!
    - You have to love people! This is a simple fact - if you love people, folk will adore you! Take an active interest in folks, find out who they are, find out what excites them in life, take some of their passion and apply it to your life! If you're able to do that, you will have an extremely high level of confidence!
    - In order to be confident, you've got to love yourself! This isn't conceit ; this is love in the way of value!

    Confidence Improvement Tool

    Whatever Problems or frustrations you have now in your life, it all boils down to your insufficient self image. This is the main cause of all of your Problems in life.

    The Quantum Confidence system is by far the only'The Morry Method' brainwave entrainment system that gets rid of the root cause, and frees you from your private bondage of the present insufficient self image.

    And it employs a mixture of advanced cutting-edge brain technology based primarily on latest scientific research, including'The Morry Method' brainwave entrainment technology, the revolutionary new'Quantum Triliminal' technology, hypnosis, advanced subliminal technology, for example.

    For the first time EVER, average folks like you and I can benefit from so many sophisticated latest technologies in one system.

    Best of all, it's certain to work. It's well worth looking at. You can read a Quantum Confidence review here.

              Fallimenti? Mai vergognarsi dei propri fallimenti        

    L’altro giorno ho ricevuto una bellissima email da Giulia, una mia ex allieva dell’Einaudi di Carrara di molti anni fa, quando mi divertivo ad insegnare ai ragazzi comunicazione nella Terza Area. Una sorta di area professionalizzante, […]

    L'articolo Fallimenti? Mai vergognarsi dei propri fallimenti proviene da Quantum Factory.


              Con đường tìm kiếm đơn cá»±c từ         

    Có bốn lực cơ bản trong tự nhiên, đó là lực hạt nhân mạnh, lực hạt nhân yếu, lực điện từ, lực hấp dẫn. Trong bốn lực này thì lực điện từ là lực giúp sinh vật có thể tri giác được thế giới. Không có lực điện từ, con người không có cảm giác, không thể nhìn, nghe, ngửi, nếm. Thậm chí cả tình yêu, tình cảm, các cảm giác tức giận, vui vẻ, đau buồn, hạnh phúc,... những thứ có vẻ phi vật chất cũng có được nhờ sự khéo léo đến không thể tin nổi của tự nhiên để sử dụng lực điện từ cho các hoạt động của con người. Sự phát triển như vũ bão của khoa học công nghệ ngày nay phần lớn dựa trên việc khai thác hiểu biết của con người vào lực điện từ.
    Mọi người đã quen với một khái niệm "điện tích" (electric charge) từ kiến thức phổ thông, các ví dụ về điện tích là điện tử hoặc proton rất phổ biến. Về bản chất, điện tích chính là một đơn cực điện (electric monopole). Các điện tích cùng dấu thì đẩy nhau, trái dấu thì hút nhau thông qua một môi trường đặc biệt gọi là điện trường đi từ điện cực dương sang điện cực âm. Thoạt nhìn thì chúng ta mong đợi một sự tương đương giữa điện và từ, hay còn gọi là đối xứng điện từ (các nhà khoa học rất thích sự đối xứng và không thích sự phá vỡ các đối xứng). Nếu có điện trường thì phải có từ trường. Điện trường đi ra từ điện tích dương, đi vào điện tích âm. Từ trường đi ra từ cực nam, đi vào cực âm. Vậy thì nếu có đơn cực điện thì phải có đơn cực từ. Có điện tích âm, điện tích dương thì phải có từ tích bắc và từ tích nam. Tuy vậy, mặc dù điện tích thì rất dễ quan sát nhưng từ tích, hay đơn cực từ thì dù bao cố gắng cho đến nay vẫn chưa trực tiếp quan sát thấy.
    Nếu chúng ta lấy một thanh nam châm, với hai cực bắc nam, bẻ đôi nó thì ta thu được một thanh nam châm mới, vẫn với hai cực bắc và nam. Ta tiếp tục làm thế nhiều lần cho đến khi không thể bẻ đôi được nữa thì chúng ta sẽ thu được một lưỡng cực từ (magnetic dipole) chứ không phải là một đơn cực từ. Lưỡng cực từ nhỏ nhất chính là một spin của điện tử hoặc của proton và neutron. Spin là một tính chất của các hạt vi mô tuân theo các lí thuyết lượng tử. Để đơn giản, có thể xem nó tương tự như là từ trường phát ra do một hạt vi mô tự quay xung quanh nó.

    Cách đây hơn 150 năm, Clerk Maxwell đã thống nhất được lực điện và lực từ trong hệ phương trình Maxwell nổi tiếng của ông. Hệ phương trình này có thể giải thích toàn bộ các hiện tượng điện và từ cổ điển và nó vẫn được dùng để sử dụng trong phần lớn các ứng dụng điện từ ngày nay. Trong hệ phương trình này có một phương trình nói rằng điện tích chuyển động sinh ra từ trường. Và nếu vậy, một điện tích tự xoay xung quanh nó sẽ sinh ra spin mà không cần một đơn cực từ. Phương trình Gauss cho từ trường trong hệ phương trình Maxwell cũng cho thấy không có đơn cực từ.
    Lí thuyết điện từ cổ điển của Maxwell rất phù hợp với các quan sát và dữ liệu thực nghiệm. Tuy nhiên việc lí thuyết này cho rằng không có đơn cực từ không có nghĩa là nó không có mà nói đúng hơn là nó không có ở những nơi mà chúng ta đã quan sát. Một số nhà khoa học đã quan tâm đến vấn đề này. Năm 1894, nhà vật lí đạt giải Nobel là Pierre Curie nói rằng không có lí do gì để phủ nhận sự tồn tại của đơn cực từ. Năm 1931, một nhà vật lí đạt giải Nobel khác là Paul Dirac chứng minh rằng hệ phương trình Maxwell mở rộng có sự tồn tại của đơn cực từ với giá trị rời rạc giống như điện tích. Nếu các nhà khoa học tìm thấy sự tồn tại của đơn cực từ thì có sự tương đương, hay còn gọi là tính đối ngẫu, hay đối xứng giữa điện và từ.
    Và thế là hành trình tìm đơn cực từ bắt đầu.
    Sơ đồ thí nghiệm tán xạ neutron: neutron được bắn vào mẫu khi có từ trường tác dụng, các dây Dirac sẽ sắp xếp chống lại từ trường. Ở đầu các dây này là các đơn cực từ.

    Trong gần 80 năm, các nhà khoa học không có bước tiến nào đáng kể trong việc quan sát đơn cực từ. Cho đến năm 2009, một nhóm các nhà khoa học Đức tuyên bố họ đã quan sát thấy đơn cực từ.[i]Họ nghiên cứu tính chất của tán xạ neutron trên đơn tinh thể Dysprosium Titanate. Neutron là một hạt không có điện tích nhưng có từ tính (lưỡng cực từ) nên chúng có thể tương tác từ với vật chất thông qua tương tác từ. Vật liệu này có cấu trúc rất đặc biệt. Các mô men từ của nguyên từ Dysprosium xắp xếp thành dạng ống bị xoắn lại tạo lòng ống có từ thông đi qua gọi là các dây Dirac. Trong quá trình tán xạ neutron, các nhà khoa học tác dụng một từ trường ở nhiệt độ thấp. Từ trường này phá vỡ đối xứng và định hướng của các dây, làm giảm mật độ dây Dirac và tạo đơn cực từ có thể quan sát được từ kết quả tán xạ neutron. Đơn cực từ trong nghiên cứu này không phải là một hạt cấu thành của vật chất mà là một hệ quả của việc xắp xếp lại các lưỡng cực từ.
    Năm 2012, các nhà khoa học ở của Pháp công bố "đã tìm thấy bằng chứng về các giả hạt (quasiparticle) có tính chất tÆ°Æ¡ng tá»± đơn cá»±c từ."[ii]Trong cÆ¡ học lượng tá»­, một hạt vi mô có đặc điểm lưỡng tính, tức là, nó vừa có tính chất của một hạt nhÆ°ng đồng thời vừa có tính chất của một sóng. Đơn cá»±c từ là một sóng thì có 2 đặc điểm của sóng đó là nút sóng và pha của sóng. Các nhà khoa học nghiên cứu một hiện tượng đặc biệt khác tên là NgÆ°ng tụ Bose-Einstein (BEC - Bose Einstein Condensate).  Thông thường chúng ta biết vật chất có thể ở ba trạng thái, từ nhiệt độ thấp đến nhiệt độ cao vật chất nói chung chuyển từ trạng thái rắn - lỏng - khí. Tuy nhiên, ở các điều kiện đặc biệt, khi nhiệt độ cá»±c thấp hoặc cá»±c cao, vật chất có thể ở các trạng thái khác. Khi nhiệt độ rất cao, vật chất ở trạng thái plasma, ở đó, các điện tá»­ rời bỏ nguyên tá»­, phân tá»­ để hoà thành một hỗn hợp đám khí điện tích. Khi nhiệt độ rất thấp, vật chất có thể ở một trạng thái lượng tá»­ là ngÆ°ng tụ Bose-Einstein. Ở đó, các hạt vật chất trở thành các hạt boson (là các hạt truyền tÆ°Æ¡ng tác nhÆ° là các quang tá»­, photon, hấp dẫn graviton,... khác với hạt fermion là các hạt thá»±c nhÆ° điện tá»­, proton, neutron, quark,... Các hạt boson có thể ở cùng một mức lượng tá»­ năng lượng, các hạt fermion thì không thể) và có thể ở cùng một mức lượng tá»­ năng lượng. Các nhà khoa học tạo một khe nhỏ (microcavity[iii]) trên một chất bán dẫn để nhốt các photon (quang tá»­) và các exciton ở nhiệt độ thấp 10 K. Khi các photon và exciton kết cặp với nhau, chúng tạo ra các polariton. Tập hợp các polariton tạo thành một loại chất lỏng polariton và có thể nghiên cứu tính chất của chúng bằng các kÄ© thuật quang học. Khi chất lỏng này va chạm với một vật cản, ví dụ nhÆ° là một sai hỏng trong cấu trúc microcavity thì nó sẽ tạo ra các sóng soliton (sóng giữ nguyên hình dạng lan truyền với một tốc độ không đổi). Một từ trường xuất hiện nhờ tính điện môi của microcavity sẽ tách mỗi soliton thành một cặp gồm hai bán-soliton có từ tích ngược nhau. Các bán-soliton tÆ°Æ¡ng tác ngược hướng với từ trường và có tính chất giống nhÆ° các đơn cá»±c từ một chiều. Thá»±c ra các bán-soliton không thá»±c sá»± là các đơn cá»±c từ. Đơn cá»±c từ phải là một hạt cÆ¡ bản giống nhÆ° các điện tá»­. NhÆ°ng sá»± tÆ°Æ¡ng tá»± của các bán-soliton cÅ©ng là một động viên lớn trong việc đi tìm từ tích thá»±c sá»±.
    Năm 2014, các nhà khoa học Phần lan tuyên bố đã tạo ra được đơn cực từ nhân tạo.[iv]Một từ trường tạo bởi một BEC ở nhiệt độ cực thấp, vài phần tỉ độ K. Hệ BEC pha loãng khi có tác động của từ trường ngoài sẽ xuất hiện các sai hỏng topo gắn với các dây xoắn tương đương với các dây Dirac của đơn cực từ. Nghiên cứu này dựa trên nghiên cứu lí thuyết trước đó cũng của nhóm này công bố năm 2009.[v]Tuy nhiên nghiên cứu này cũng chỉ ra rằng, cái mà họ tìm ra không phải là bản thân đơn cực từ mà chỉ là một sự tương tự đơn cực từ. Ngay sau đó, nhóm này cũng tìm ra một sự tương tự khác, một đơn cực lượng tử (quantum monopole) khi nghiên cứu ngưng tụ Bose-Einstein của một đám khí Rubidium ở trạng thái phi từ tính gần nhiệt độ không tuyệt đối.[vi]
    Hình trái là đơn cực từ lượng tử, hình phải là đơn cực từ Dirac. Màu sắc thể hiện hướng của đơn cực từ, độ sáng thể hiện mật độ hạt [vi].
    Gần đây nhất, một số nhà khoa học ở Mĩ và Tây Ban Nha công bố một công trình lí thuyết để giải thích tại sao chúng ta không thể quan sát trực tiếp đơn cực từ.[vii]Theo công trình này, tính đối ngẫu điện - từ, hay tính đối xứng điện từ không tồn tại hay nói một cách khác sự đối xứng bị phá vỡ do lực hấp dẫn có mặt ở khắp mọi nơi. Họ nghiên cứu lực hấp dẫn phá vỡ đối xứng như thế nào, đầu tiên là phá vỡ đối xứng của các hạt fermion và áp dụng cho các hạt boson. Kết quả nghiên cứu cho thấy, lực hấp dẫn thẩm thấu khắp mọi nơi trong vũ trụ đã phá vỡ đối xứng điện từ. Điều này không bác bỏ sự tồn tại của đơn cực từ nhưng nó loại bỏ lí do tìm đơn cực từ dựa trên sự đối xứng giữa điện và từ.
    Và con đường tìm kiếm đơn cực từ vẫn tiếp tục và khó khăn hơn.
    Đọc thêm: http://sciencealert.com, http://phys.org.



    [i]D.J.P. Morris et. al. Science 326 (2004) 411: 10.1126/science.1178868.
    [ii] R. Hivet, et al. Nature Phys. 8 (2012) 724: DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS2406.
    [iii] Một khe có khoảng cách bằng nửa bước sóng, hai mặt có tính phản xạ để khi ánh sang đến bị phản xạ đi lại giữa khe, ta có một photon đến đó bị nhốt ở khe. Trong khe người ta tạo một giếng lượng tử để nhốt một điện tử trong đó. Khi photon đến điện tử hấp thụ photon để nhảy lên trạng thái kích thích (exciton). Khi đó microcavity có một lỗ trống có điện tích dương. Cặp điện tử - lỗ trống hình thành một sự phân cực điện. Điện tử ở trạng thái kích thích một thời gian rồi quay trở lại trạng thái cơ bản đồng thời phát ra đúng photon hấp thụ ban đầu. Quá trình hấp thụ photon, nhảy lên trạng thái kích thích rồi lại trở lại trạng thái cơ bản và phát ra photon được lặp đi lặp lại thì khi đó người ta gọi exciton và photon ở trạng thái kết cặp (couple). Trạng thái này tạo ra một sự phân cực điện tử - lỗ trống nên gọi là polariton.
    [iv] M. W. Ray et. al., Nature 505 (2014) 657–660: dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature12954.
    [v] V. Pietilä and M. Möttönen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103 (2009) 030401: doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.103.030401
    [vi] M. W. Ray et. al., Science 348 (2015) 544: DOI: 10.1126/science.1258289. Phys. Rev. X 7 (2017) 021023: doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevX.7.021023.
    [vii] I. Agullo et. al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 (2017) 111301: DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett. 118.111301.

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    Hố đen
    Hố đen, còn gọi là lỗ đen, là một vật thể có mật độ khối lượng lớn đến nỗi lực hấp dẫn làm cho mọi vật thể không thể nào thoát ra được, trừ việc xuyên qua đường hầm lượng tử. Truờng hấp dẫn mà hố đen tạo ra rất lớn, vì vậy, vận tốc thoát ở vùng gần hố đen lớn hơn vận tốc ánh sáng. (xem thêm...)

    Triết lý âm dương
    Các nghiên cứu khoa học liên ngành của Việt Nam và Trung Quốc đã kết luận rằng: khái niệm âm dương có nguồn gốc Phương Nam. (xem thêm...)

    Sơ lược về cơ học lượng tử
    Cơ học lượng tử (tiếng Anh: Quantum mechanics) là một trong những lý thuyết cơ bản của vật lý học. Cơ học lượng tử là phần mở rộng và bổ sung vủa cơ học Newton (còn gọi là cơ học cổ điển) đặc biệt là tại các phạm vi nguyên tử và hạ nguyên tử. (xem thêm...)

    Sơ lược về vũ khí hạt nhân
    Vũ khí hạt nhân (tiếng Anh: nuclear weapon) là loại vũ khí mà năng lượng của nó do các phản ứng phân hạch hoặc/và nhiệt hạch gây ra. Một vũ khí hạt nhân nhỏ nhất cũng có sức công phá lớn hơn bất kỳ vũ khí quy ước nào. (xem thêm...)

    Ánh sáng mới trên một quá khứ lãng quên
    Các vật liệu được khai quật và phân tích trong năm năm qua đã cho thấy rằng con người sống ở vùng Đông Nam Á đã trồng cây , làm đồ gốm, đúc đồng trước tiên trên thế giới, trước tất cả cá vùng khác trên trái đất này. (xem thêm...)

    Sơ lược về nông thôn Việt Nam
    Nông thôn Việt Nam là danh từ để chỉ những vùng đất trên lãnh thổ Việt Nam, ở đó, người dân sinh sống chủ yếu bằng nông nghiệp. Ở Việt Nam, cho đến ngày nay, có đến 80% dân số sống ở vùng nông thôn. Con số đó lớn hơn nhiều ở những năm trước. (xem thêm...)

    Sơ lược về nguyên tử
    Nguyên tử là phần tử nhỏ nhất của vật chất mà có tính chất vật lý và hóa học đặc trưng. Mỗi loại nguyên tử tạo nên một nguyên tố. Mỗi nguyên tố có một nguyên tử số xác định. (xem thêm...)

    Sơ lược tín ngưỡng Việt Nam
    Tín ngưỡng Việt Nam còn gọi là tín ngưỡng truyền thống hay tín ngưỡng dân gian, là tín ngưỡng của các dân tộc sống trên lãnh thổ Việt Nam. (xem thêm...)

    Sơ lược Đạo giáo Việt Nam
    Đạo giáo Việt Nam là Đạo Giáo đã được bản địa hóa khi du nhập từ Trung Quốc vào Việt Nam. Đạo giáo Việt Nam là một trong ba tôn giáo phổ biến nhất ở Việt Nam.(xem thêm...)

    Sơ lược Phật giáo Việt Nam
    Phật giáo Việt Nam là Phật giáo được bản địa hóa khi du nhập từ Ấn Độ và Trung Quốc vào Việt Nam, Phật giáo Việt Nam mang những đặc điểm khác biệt so với Phật giáo nguyên thủy và Phật giáo của các nơi khác trên thế giới. Phật giáo là tôn giáo có ảnh hưởng sâu rộng nhất ở Việt Nam. (xem thêm...)

    Vật liệu nano
    Vật liệu nano là đối tượng của hai lĩnh vực là khoa học nano và công nghệ nano, nó liên kết hai lĩnh vực trên với nhau. Kích thước của vật liệu nano trải một khoảng khá rộng, từ vài nm đến vài trăm nm. (xem thêm...)

    Vật liệu từ nano trong sinh học
    Thuật ngữ từ học nano ứng dụng trong sinh học (nanobiomagnetism) càng ngày càng được sử dụng nhiều trong các ngành khoa học mũi nhọn và có rất nhiều ứng dụng quan trọng trong đời sống. (xem thêm...)

    Tạo dựng cánh buồm cho lịch sử
    Một ngân quỹ nhỏ bé và những ước mơ lớn không phải dễ dàng kết hợp được với nhau. Thế nhưng người tiên phong trong việc chế tạo thuyền buồm mặt trời (solar-sail) Lou Friedman đã sẵn sàng cho phi thuyền Cosmos 1 thám hiểm mặt trời và không gian. (xem thêm...)

    Làm thế nào để tính HLB của một chất hoạt hóa bề mặt?
    Xà phòng chỉ là một trường hợp đặc biệt của rất hàng triệu chất có tính chất tương tự như thế gọi là chất hoạt hóa bề mặt - HHBM (surfactant). Khả năng mà chất hoạt hóa bề mặt kị nước nước hoặc ưa nước được đặc trưng bởi một thông số gọi là độ cân bằng ưa-kị nước. (xem thêm...)

    Vũ trụ trong một vỏ hạt
    S. Hawking, Universe in a nutshell, Bantam 2001. (Vào đây để tải bản tiếng Việt xuống...)

    Lý thuyết sáng tạo TRIZ
    Rất nhiều người trong chúng ta cho rằng sáng tạo mang tính bẩm sinh, trời phú. Nhưng đối với những người theo thuyết sáng tạo (TRIZ) thì cái điều mà tưởng chừng rất thần bí và có vẻ phụ thuộc vào năng khiếu rất nhiều như vậy cũng có thể HỌC HỎI được và học hỏi một cách rất có qui tắc. (xem thêm...)

    Exchange-String Magnets
    Vật liệu từ dạng khối có thể tạm phân chia thành hai loại, vật liệu từ cứng như SmCo, NdFeB (nam châm đất hiếm),… và vật liệu từ mềm như FeCo, FeNi,… Đặc điểm chung của chúng là, vật liệu từ cứng có lực kháng từ (Hc) cao nhưng từ độ bão hòa nhỏ (Ms) và ngược lại, vật liệu từ mềm có lực kháng từ nhỏ và từ độ bão hòa lớn. (xem thêm...)

    Hawking bóp chết nghịch lý của ông
    Trong một buổi xuất hiện trước báo chí tại Dublin, Hawking đã thu hút được sự chú í của công chúng khi ông tuyên bố rằng ông đã giải quyết được một trong các vấn đề quan trọng nhất của vật lí đó là các hố đen có phá hủy thông tin mà nó nuốt hay không. (xem thêm...)

    Bốn bài học vàng
    Làm thế nào có thể biết hết tất cả mọi thứ đã được nghiên cứu? May mắn thay, năm đầu cao học, tôi được làm việc cùng với các nhà vật lý đàn anh. Họ đã cố thuyết phục rằng tôi cần phải tiến hành nghiên cứu và sẽ tìm hiểu những thứ cần thiết trong quá trình nghiên cứu. (xem thêm...)

    Phổ Mossbauer
    Phổ Mossbauer là một công cụ rất quan trọng dùng để nghiên cứu tính chất hóa học, vật lí, và sự phục thuộc vào thời gian của các tính chất của các vật liệu. Kỹ thuật này dựa trên một hiệu ứng do Mossbauer tìm ra vào năm 1957 và ông được giải Nobel về khám phá này năm 1961. (xem thêm...)

    Giải Nobel về Vật lí 1901-2004
    Vật lí được coi là một môn khoa học cơ bản nhất của khoa học tự nhiên. Vật lí giả quyết những thành phần cơ bản nhất của vật chất và các tương tác giữa chúng cũng như nghiên cứu về các nguyên tử và việc tạo thành phân tử và chất rắn. (xem thêm...)

    Từ tính của các kim loại
    Từ tính của các ô-xít và một số vật liệu có điện tử tương đối định xứ tại nguyên tử hoặc ion (thường là phản sắt từ) được giải thích bằng tương tác siêu trao đổi và tương tác trao đổi Heisenberg. Đó là hệ quả của nguyên lí loại trừ Pauli đặc biệt là bản chất phản đối xứng của hàm sóng của điện tử. (xem thêm...)

    Virus Văn hóa
    Sau đây là một số ý kiến của tôi về đề tài này với tiêu đề Virus văn hóa, tức là tìm trong văn hóa những con virus gây tác hại đến mục đích xã hội bây giờ. (xem thêm...)

    Số phận của vũ trụ
    ách đây không lâu, các nhà khoa học Mĩ đã đưa ra kết luận, vũ trụ sẽ mở rộng mãi mãi. Họ đưa ra các kết qủa sau: - Vũ trụ được hình thành cách đây 13,7 tỷ năm (với sai số 0,1 tỷ năm), và quá trình này kéo dài khoảng 200 triệu năm. (xem thêm...)

    Chúa có chơi trò súc sắc?
    Bài này đề cập vấn đề tương lai có thể đoán trước được hay không và tương lai có tùy tiện và ngẫu nhiên hay không. Trong thời cổ đại thế giới có vẻ hơi tùy tiện. Tai họa như lũ lụt và bệnh tật có vẻ như là xảy ra mà không có báo trước, hoặc không có lí do rõ ràng. (xem thêm...)

    Văn hoá con cóc
    Việt nam (VN) bị Trung quốc đô hộ gần một ngàn năm (từ Trước công nguyên đến năm 938 khi Ngô Quyền mở ra thời kỳ độc lập tự chủ lâu dài), văn hóa (VH) tất nhiên bị ảnh hưởng của yếu tố VH của Trung Quốc (TQ). (xem thêm...)

    Từ giảo khổng lồ – thêm một bước tiến vào tương lai
    Hiện tượng từ giảo (magnetostriction) là hiện tượng biến dạng về kích thước của vật thể khi có mặt của từ trường. Sở dĩ có hiện tượng từ giảo là do dưới tác động của từ trường, các mô men từ trong vật liệu sắp xếp lại làm cho kích thước thay đổi. (xem thêm...)

    Vài nét về Dạ Trạch
    Xin chào, cám ơn đã ghé thăm trang web của tôi. Blogger thật là tuyệt vời, nó đã giúp tôi rất nhiều trong việc ghi chép lại các ý tưởng, suy nghĩ, bình luận và dịch thuật những vấn đề mà tôi quan tâm chỉ bằng một vài thao tác đơn giản. (xem thêm...)
              SÆ¡ lược về cÆ¡ học lượng tá»­        
    xem bài của Zạ Trạch trên từ điển bách khoa Wikipedia.

    Cơ học lượng tử (tiếng Anh: Quantum mechanics) là một trong những lý thuyết cơ bản của vật lý học. Cơ học lượng tử là phần mở rộng và bổ sung vủa cơ học Newton (còn gọi là cơ học cổ điển) đặc biệt là tại các phạm vi nguyên tử và hạ nguyên tử. Nó là cơ sở của rất nhiều các chuyên ngành khác của vật lý và hóa học như vật lý chất rắn, hóa lượng tử, vật lý hạt. Khái niệm lượng tử để chỉ một số đại lượng vật lý như năng lượng (xem hình 1, bên phải) không liên tục mà rời rạc.

    Cơ học lượng tử là một lý thuyết về cơ học, một nhánh của vật lý nghiên cứu về chuyển động của các vật thể và các đại lượng vật lý liên quan như năng lượng và mô men. Cơ học lượng tử được coi là cơ bản hơn cơ học Newton vì nó cho phép mô tả chính xác và đúng đắn rất nhiều các hiện tượng vật lý mà cơ học Newton không thể giải thích được. Các hiện tượng này bao gồm các hiện tượng ở quy mô nguyên tử hay nhỏ hơn. Cơ học Newton không thể lý giải tại sao các nguyên tử lại có thể bền vững đến thế, hoặc không thể giải thích được một số hiện tượng vĩ mô như siêu dẫn, siêu chảy. Các tiên đoán của cơ học lượng tử chưa bao giờ bị thực nghiệm chứng minh là sai sau một thế kỷ. Cơ học lượng tử là sự kết chặt chẽ của ít nhất ba lớp hiện tượng mà cơ học cổ điển không tính đến, đó là: (i) việc lượng tử hóa (rời rạc hóa) một số đại lượng vật lý, (ii) lưỡng tính sóng hạt, và (iii) vướng lượng tử. Trong các trường hợp nhất định, các định luật của cơ học lượng tử chính là các định luật của cơ học cổ điển ở mức độ chính xác cao hơn. Việc cơ học lượng tử rút về cơ học cổ điển được biết với cái tên nguyên lý tương ứng.

    Cơ học lượng tử có thể được kết hợp với thuyết tương đối để tạo nên cơ học lượng tử tương đối tính, để đối lập với cơ học lượng tử phi tương đối tính khi không tính đến tính tương đối của các vật thể. Ta dùng khái nhiệm cơ học lượng tử để chỉ cả hai loại trên. Cơ học lượng tử đồng nghĩa với vật lý lượng tử. Tuy nhiên vẫn có nhiều nhà khoa học coi cơ học lượng tử có ý nghĩa như cơ học lượng tử phi tương đối tính, mà như thế thì nó hẹp hơn vật lý lượng tử.

    Một số nhà vật lý tin rằng cơ học lượng tử cho ta một mô tả chính xác thế giới vật lý với hầu hết các điều kiện khác nhau. Dường như là cơ học lượng tử không còn đúng ở lân cận các hố đen hoặc khi xem xét vũ trụ như một toàn thể. Ở phạm vi này thì cơ học lượng tử lại mâu thuẫn với lý thuyết tương đối rộng, một lý thuyết về hấp dẫn. Câu hỏi về sự tương thích giữa cơ học lượng tử và thuyết tương đối rộng vẫn là một lĩnh vực nghiên cứu rất sôi nổi.

    Cơ học lượng tử được hình thành vào nửa đầu thế kỷ 20 do Max Planck, Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg, Erwin Schrödinger, Max Born, John von Neumann, Paul Dirac, Wolfgang Pauli và một số người khác tạo nên. Một số vấn đề cơ bản của lý thuyết này vẫn được nghiên cứu cho đến ngày nay.

    Mô tả lý thuyết
    Có nhiều phương pháp toán học mô tả cơ học lượng tử, chúng tương đương với nhau. Một trong những phương pháp được dùng nhiều nhất đó là lý thuyết biến đổi, do Paul Dirac phát minh ra nhằm thống nhất và khái quát hóa hai phương pháp toán học trước đó là cơ học ma trận (của Werner Heisenberg) và cơ học sóng (của Erwin Schrödinger).

    Theo phương pháp toán học mô tả cơ học lượng tử này thì các trạng thái lượng tử của một hệ lượng tử sẽ mã hóa xác suất mà các tính chất, hay quan sát có thể đo được. Các quan sát có thể là năng lượng, vị trí, mô men, mô men góc. Các quan sát có thể là liên tục (ví dụ vị trí của các hạt) hoặc rời rạc (ví dụ năng lượng của điện tử trong nguyên tử hydrogen).

    Nói chung, cơ học lượng tử không cho ra các giá trị xác định các quan sát. Thay vào đó, nó tiên đoán một phân bố xác suất, tức là, xác suất để thu được một kết quả khả dĩ từ một phép đo nhất định. Các xác suất này phụ thuộc vào trạng thái lượng tử ngay tại lúc tiến hành phép đo. Tuy nhiên vẫn có một số các trạng thái nhất định liên quan đến một giá trị xác định của một quan sát cụ thể. Các giá trị đó được biết với cái tên là hàm riêng, hay còn gọi là trạng thái riêng của quan sát đó.

    Ví dụ, chúng ta hãy xét một hạt tự do, trạng thái lượng tử của nó có thể biểu diễn bằng một sóng có hình dạng bất kỳ và có thể lan truyền toàn bộ không gian, được gọi là hàm sóng. Vị trí và mô men của hạt là hai đại lượng quan sát. Trạng thái riêng của vị trí là một hàm sóng có giá trị rất lớn tại vị trí x và bằng không tại tất cả các vị trí khác x. Chúng ta tiến hành đo vị trí của một hàm sóng như vậy, chúng ta sẽ thu được kết quả x với xác suất 100%. Mặt khác, trạng thái riêng của mô men lại có dạng một sóng phẳng. Bước sóng của nó là h/p, trong đó h là hằng số Planck và p là mô men của trạng thái riêng đó.

    Thông thường, một hệ sẽ không ở trong trạng thái riêng của bất kỳ quan sát nào mà chúng ta đang quan tâm. Tuy nhiên, nếu chúng ta đo một quan sát, hàm sóng sẽ ngay lập tức trở thành một trạng thái riêng của quan sát đó. Việc này được gọi là sự suy sập hàm sóng. Nếu ta biết hàm sóng tại một thời điểm trước khi đo đạc thì chúng ta có thể tính được xác suất suy sập vào mỗi trạng thái riêng khả dĩ. Ví dụ, hạt tự do được đề cập ở trên thường có một hàm sóng ở dạng một bó sóng có tâm là một vị trí ở x0 nào đó, chứ không phải là trạng thái riêng của vị trí hay xung lượng. Khi ta đo vị trí của hạt, chúng ta không thể tiên đoán độ xác định của kết quả mà chúng ta sẽ thu được. Kết quả thu được có thể, chứ không chắc chắn, nằm gần x0, ở đó, biên độ hàm sóng là lớn. Sau khi thực hiện phép đo xong, kết quả thu được là x, hàm sóng suy sập vào trạng thái riêng của vị trí nằm tại x.

    Các hàm sóng có thể thay đổi theo thời gian. Phương trình mô tả sự thay đổi của hàm sóng theo thời gian là phương trình Schrödinger, nó tương đương với định luật thứ hai của Newton trong cơ học cổ điển. Phương trình Schrödinger áp dụng cho hạt tự do của chúng ta sẽ tiên đoán tâm của bó sóng chuyển động trong không gian với vận tốc không đổi, giống như một hạt cổ điển khi không có lực nào tác dụng lên nó. Tuy nhiên, bó sóng sẽ trải rộng ra theo thời gian, điều này có nghĩa là vị trí của hạt sẽ trở nên bất định. Điều này cũng ảnh hưởng đến trạng thái riêng của vị trí làm cho nó biến thành các bó sóng rộng hơn không phải là các trạng thái riêng của vị trí.

    Một số hàm sóng tạo ra các phân bố xác suất không đổi theo thời gian. Rất nhiều hệ mà khi xem xét bởi cơ học cổ điển thì được coi là động nhưng lại được mô tả bằng hàm sóng "tĩnh". Ví dụ một điện tử trong một nguyên tử không bị kích thích được coi một cách cổ điển là chuyển động trên một quỹ đạo hình tròn xung quanh hạt nhân nguyên tử, trong khi đó thì cơ học lượng tử lại mô tả điện tử này bằng một đám mây xác suất đối xứng cầu tĩnh xung quanh hạt nhân (hình 1).

    Sự thay đổi của hàm sóng theo thời gian có tính nhân quả theo nghĩa là với một hàm sóng tại một thời điểm ban đầu có thể cho một tiên đoán xác định hàm sóng sẽ như thế nào tại bất kỳ thời điểm tiếp theo. Trong phép đo lượng tử, sự thay đổi của một hàm sóng thành một hàm sóng khác không xác định mà không thể đoán trước được, có nghĩa là ngẫu nhiên.

    Bản chất xác suất của cơ học lượng tử nảy sinh từ việc thực hiện phép đo: vật thể tương tác với máy đo, và hàm sóng tương ứng sẽ bị vướng. Kết quả là vật thể cần đo không còn tồn lại như một thực thể độc lập nữa. Điều này sẽ làm cho kết quả thu được trong tương lai có một độ bất định nào đó. Đến đây, người ta có thể nghĩ rằng nếu chuẩn bị các máy đo thì những bất định đó có thể chỉ là những dữ liệu chưa biết. Nhưng vấn đề là ta không thể biết được các dữ liệu đó vì máy đo không thể vừa dùng để đo tính chất vật thể, vừa tự biết ảnh hưởng của nó đến vật thể đó cùng một lúc.

    Do đó, vấn đề là về nguyên tắc, chứ không phải về thực tiễn, có một độ bất định có mặt trong các tiên đoán xác suất. Đây là một trong những ý tưởng khó hiểu nhất về bản chất của một hệ lượng tử. Đó từng là trung tâm của của tranh luận Bohr-Einstein, trong đó, họ nghĩ tìm cách làm sáng tỏ các nguyên lý cơ bản này bằng các thí nghiệm tư duy.

    Có một vài cách giải thích cơ học lượng tử phủ nhận sự "suy sập hàm sóng" bằng cách thay đổi khái niệm về những thành phần thiết lập nên các "phép đo" trong cơ học lượng tử. Ví dụ, xem thêm giải thích trạng thái tương đối.
    [sá»­a]

    Các hiệu ứng của cơ học lượng tử

    Như đã nhắc ở trên, có một vài lớp hiện tượng xuất hiện trong cơ học lượng tử mà không có sự tương tự với cơ học cổ điển. Chúng được gọi là "hiệu ứng lượng tử".

    Loại thứ nhất của hiệu ứng lượng tử đó là lượng tử hóa các đại lượng vật lý nhất định. Trong ví dụ về hạt mà ta đã xem xét, cả vị trí và mô men đều là các quan sát liên tục. Tuy nhiên nếu ta giới hạn hạt đó trong một vùng không gian gọi là bài toán hạt trong hố thế thì các quan sát đó sẽ trở nên rời rạc. Những quan sát như vậy được gọi là bị lượng tử hóa và nó có vai trò quan trọng trong các hệ vật lý. Ví dụ về các quan sát bị lượng tử hóa bao gồm mô men góc, năng lượng toàn phần của hệ liên kết, và năng lượng mà một sóng điện từ với một tần số đã cho.

    Một hiệu ứng nữa là nguyên lý bất định đó là hiện tượng mà các phép đo liên tiếp của hai hay nhiều hơn hai quan sát có thể có các giới hạn cơ bản về độ chính xác. Trong ví dụ về hạt tự do, chúng ta không thể tìm thấy hàm sóng là trạng thái riêng của cả vị trí và mô men. Hiệu ứng này có nghĩa là không thể đo đồng thời vị trí và mô men với độ chính xác bất kỳ, ngay cả về mặt nguyên tắc: vì khi độ chính xác về vị trí tăng lên thì độ chính xác về mô men giảm đi và ngược lại. Các quan sát mà chịu tác động của nguyên lý này (gồm có mô men và vị trí, năng lượng và thời gian) là các biến giao hoán trong vật lý cổ điển.

    Hiệu ứng tiếp là lưỡng tính sóng hạt. Dưới một số điều kiện thực nghiệm nhất định, các vật thể vi mô như là các nguyên tử hoặc các điện tử có thể hành xử như các hạt trong thí nghiệm tán xạ hoặc có thể hành xử như các sóng trong thí nghiệm giao thoa. Nhưng chúng ta chỉ có thể quan sát một trong hai tính chất trên vào một thời điểm mà thôi.

    Hiệu ứng nữa là vướng lượng tử. Trong một số trường hợp, hàm sóng của một hệ được tạo thành từ nhiều hạt mà không thể phân tách thành các hàm sóng độc lập cho mỗi hạt. Trong trường hợp đó, người ta nói các hạt bị "vướng" với nhau. Nếu cơ học lượng tử đúng thì các hạt có thể thể hiện các tính chất khác thường và đặc biệt. Ví dụ, khi tiến hành một phép đo trên một hạt thì nhờ suy sập của hàm sóng toàn phần mà có thể tạo ra các hiệu ứng tức thời với các hạt khác thậm chí ngay cả khi chúng ở xa nhau.

    Hiệu ứng đó có vẻ như mâu thuẫn với lý thuyết tương đối hẹp vì theo thuyết tương đối hẹp, không có gì có thể di chuyển nhanh hơn ánh sáng. Nhưng ở đây không có sự truyền thông tin nên không yêu cầu phải di chuyển một thực thể vật lý tức thời giữa hai hạt. Hiệu ứng ở đây có nghĩa là, sau khi nghiên cứu các thực thể bị vướng với nhau, hai người nghiên cứu có thể so sánh dữ liệu của họ và thu được các mối tương quan mà các hạt có.

    Công thức toán học
    Trong các công thức toán học rất chặt chẽ của cơ học lượng do Paul Dirac và John von Neumann phát triển, các trạng thái khả dĩ của một hệ cơ học lượng tử được biểu diễn bằng các véc tơ đơn vị (còn gọi là các véc tơ trạng thái) được thể hiện bằng các số phức trong không gian Hilbert (còn gọi là không gian trạng thái). Bản chất của không gian Hilbert này lại phụ thuộc vào hệ lượng tử. Ví dụ, không gian trạng thái của vị trí và mô men là không gian của các hàm bình phương khả tích, trong khi đó không gian trạng thái của các spin và điện tử cô lập chỉ là tích của hai mặt phẳng phức. Mỗi quan sát được biểu diễn bằng một toán tử tuyến tính Hermitian xác định (hay một toán tử tự hợp) tác động lên không gian trạng thái. Mỗi trạng thái riêng của một quan sát tương ứng với một véc tơ riêng (còn gọi là hàm riêng) của toán tử, và một giá trị riêng (còn gọi là trị riêng) tương ứng với giá trị của quan sát trong trạng thái riêng đó. Nếu phổ của toán tử là rời rạc thì quan sát chỉ có thể có được các giá trị riêng rời rạc.

    Sự thay đổi theo thời gian của hệ lượng tử được mô tử bằng phương trình Schrodinger, trong phương trình này, toán tử Hamiltonian tương ứng với năng lượng toàn phần của hệ gây nên sự biến đổi theo thời gian.

    Tích vô hướng giữa hai véc tơ trạng thái là một số phức được gọi là biên độ xác suất. Trong một phép đo, xác suất mà một hệ suy sập từ một trạng thái ban đầu đã cho vào một trạng thái riêng đặc biệt nào đó bằng bình phương của giá trị tuyệt đối của biên độ xác suất giữa trạng thái đầu và cuối. Kết quả khả dĩ của phép đo là giá trị riêng của toán tử đều là các số thực (chính vì trị riêng phải là thực mà người ta phải chọn toán tử Hermitian). Chúng ta có thể tìm thấy phân bố xác suất của một quan sát trong một trạng thái đã cho bằng việc xác định sự tách phổ của toán tử tương ứng. Nguyên lý bất định Heisenberg được biểu diễn bằng các toán tử tương ứng với các quan sát nhất định không giao hoán với nhau.

    Phương trình Schrodinger tác động lên toàn bộ biên độ xác suất chứ không chỉ ảnh hưởng đến giá trị tuyệt đối của nó. Nếu giá trị tuyệt đối của biên độ xác suất mang các thông tin về xác suất, thì pha của nó mang các thông tin về giao thoa giữa các trạng thái lượng tử. Điều này làm tăng tính chất sóng của trạng thái lượng tử.

    Thực ra, nghiệm giải tích của phương trình Schrödinger chỉ có thể thu được từ một số rất ít các Hamiltonian như trường hợp của các dao động tử điều hòa lượng tử và nguyên tử hydrogen là các đại diện quan trọng nhất. Thậm chí, ngay cả nguyên tử helium chỉ gồm hai điện tử mà cũng không thể giải bằng giải tích được. Chính vì thế mà người ta dùng một vài phép gần đúng để giải các bài toán phức tạp hơn một điện tử. Ví dụ như lý thuyết nhiễu loạn dùng nghiệm của các bài toán đối của các hệ lượng tử đơn giản sau đó thêm vào nghiệm đó một số hạng bổ chính do sự có mặt của một toán tử phụ, được coi như nhiễu loạn gây ra. Một phương pháp khác được gọi là phương trình chuyển động bán cổ điển được áp dụng cho các hệ vật lý mà cơ học cổ điển chỉ tạo ra một sai khác rất nhỏ so với cơ học cổ điển. Phương pháp này rất quan trọng trong hỗn loạn lượng tử.

    Một phương pháp toán học thay thế cơ học lượng tử là công thức tích phân lộ trình Feynman, trong đó, biên độ cơ học lượng tử được coi là tổng theo tất cả các lịch sử giữa trạng thái đầu và cuối; nó tương được với nguyên lý tác dụng tối thiểu trong cơ học cổ điển.

    Mối liên hệ với các lý thuyết khoa học khác
    Các nguyên tắc cơ bản của cơ học lượng tử rất khái quát. Chúng phát biểu rằng không gian trạng thái của hệ là không gian Hilbert và các quan sát là các toán tử Hermitian tác dụng lên không gian đó. Nhưng chúng không nói với chúng ta là không gian Hilbert nào và toán tử nào. Chúng ta cần phải chọn các thống số đó cho phù hợp để mô tả định lượng hệ lượng tử. Một hướng dẫn quan trọng cho việc lựa chọn này đó là nguyên lý tương ứng, nguyên lý này phát biểu rằng các tiên đoán của cơ học lượng tử sẽ rút về các tiên đoán của cơ học cổ điển khi hệ trở lên lớn. "giới hạn hệ lớn" này được coi là "cổ điển" hay "giới hạn tương ứng". Do đó, ta có thể bắt đầu bằng một mô hình cổ điển với một hệ nào đó và cố gắng tiến đoán một mô hình lượng tử mà trong giới hạn tương ứng, mô hình lượng tử đó sẽ rút về mô hình cổ điển.

    Ban đầu, khi thiết lập cơ học cổ điển, nó được áp dụng cho các mô hình mà giới hạn tương ứng là cơ học cổ điển phi tương đối tính. Ví dụ mô hình dao động tử điều hòa lượng tử sử dụng biểu thức phi tương đối tính tường minh cho động năng của dao động tử, và nó là phiên bản lượng tử của dao động tử điều hòa cổ điển.

    Các cố gắng ban đầu để kết hợp cơ học lượng tử với lý thuyết tương đối hẹp là thay thế phương trình Schrödinger bằng một phương trình hiệp biến như là phương trình Klein-Gordon hoặc là phương trình Dirac. Khi các lý thuyết này thành công trong việc giải thích các kết quả thực nghiệm thì chúng lại có vẻ như bỏ qua quá trình sinh và hủy tương đối tính của các hạt. Lý thuyết lượng tử tương đối tính đầy đủ phải cần đến lý thuyết trường lượng tử. Lý thuyết này áp dụng lượng tử hóa cho trường chứ không chỉ cho một tập hợp cố định gồm các hạt (được gọi là lượng tử hóa lần thứ hai để so sánh với lượng tử hóa lần thứ nhất là lượng tử hóa dành cho các hạt). Lý thuyết trường lượng tử hoàn thành đầu tiên là điện động lực học lượng tử, nó mô tả đầy đủ tương tác điện từ.

    Ít khi người ta phải dùng toàn bộ lý thuyết trường lượng tử để mô tả các hệ điện từ. Một phương pháp đơn giản hơn được người ta áp dụng từ khi khởi đầu của cơ học lượng tử, đó là coi các hạt tích điện như là các thực thể cơ học lượng tử chỉ bị tác dụng bởi trường điện từ cổ điển. Ví dụ, mô hình lượng tử cơ bản về nguyên tử hydrogen mô tả điện trường của nguyên tử hydrogen sử dụng thế năng Coulomb 1/r cổ điển. Phương pháp "bán cổ điển" này bị vô hiệu hóa khi thăng giáng lượng tử trong trường điện tử đóng vai trò quan trọng như là sự phát xạ quang tử từ các hạt tích điện.

    Lý thuyết trường lượng tử cho lực tương tác mạnh và lực tương tác yếu đã được phát triển và gọi là sắc động học lượng tử. Lý thuyết mô tả tương tác của các hạt hạ hạt nhân như là các quark và gluon. Lực tương tác yếu và lực điện từ đã được thống nhất và lý thuyết lượng tử mô tả hai lực đó được gọi là lý thuyết điện yếu.

    Rất khó có thể xây dựng các mô hình lượng tử về hấp dẫn, lực cơ bản còn lại duy nhất mà chưa được thống nhất với các lực còn lại. Các phép gần đúng bán cổ điển có thể được sử dụng và dẫn đến tiên đoán về bức xạ Hawking. Tuy nhiên, công thức của một lý thuyết hấp dẫn lượng tử hoàn thiện lại bị cản trở bởi sự không tương thích giữa lý thuyết tương đối rộng (lý thuyết về hấp dẫn chính xác nhất hiện nay) với một số giả thuyết cơ bản của lý thuyết lượng tử. Việc giải quyết sự không tương thích này là một nhánh của vật lý mà đang được nghiên cứu rất sôi nổi hiện nay. Một số lý thuyết như lý thuyết dây là một trong những ứng cử viên khả dĩ cho lý thuyết hấp dẫn lượng tử của tương lai.

    Ứng dụng của cơ học lượng tử
    Cơ học lượng tử đã đạt được các thành công vang dội trong việc giải thích rất nhiều các đặc điểm của thế giới chúng ta. Tất cả các tính chất riêng biệt của các hạt vi mô tạo nên tất cả các dạng vật chất đó là điện tử, proton, neutron,... chỉ có thể được mô tả bằng cơ học lượng tử.

    Cơ học lượng tử còn quan trọng trong việc tìm hiểu các nguyên tử riêng biệt kết hợp với nhau để tạo nên các chất như thế nào. Việc áp dụng cơ học lượng tử vào hóa học được gọi là hóa học lượng tử. Cơ học lượng tử có thể cho phép nhìn sâu vào các quá trình liên kết hóa học bằng việc cho biết các phân tử ở các trạng thái có lợi về năng lượng như thế nào so với các trạng thái thái và làm sao mà chúng khác nhau. Phần lớn các tính toán được thực hiện trong hóa học tính toán dựa trên cơ học lượng tử.

    Rất nhiều các công nghệ hiện đại sử dụng các thiết bị có kích thước mà ở đó hiệu ứng lượng tử rất quan trọng. Ví dụ như là laser, transistor, hiển vi điện tử, và ảnh cộng hưởng từ hạt nhân. Nghiên cứu về chất bán dẫn dẫn đến việc phát minh ra các đi-ốt và transistor, đó là những linh kiện điện tử không thể thiếu trong xạ hội hiện đại.

    Các nhà nghiên cứu hiện đang tìm kiếm các phương pháp để can thiệp vào các trạng thái lượng tử. Một trong những cố gắng đó là mật mã lượng tử cho phép truyền thông tin một cách an toàn. Mục đích xa hơn là phát triển các máy tính lượng tử, có thể thực hiện các tính toán nhanh hơn các máy tính hiện này rất nhiều lần. Một lĩnh vực khác đó là di chuyển lượng tử có thể cho phép truyền các trạng thái lượng tử đến những khoảng cách bất kỳ.

    Hệ quả triết học của cơ học lượng tử
    Ngay từ đầu, các kết quả ngược với cảm nhận con người bình thường của cơ học lượng tử đã gây ra rất nhiều các cuộc tranh luận triết học và nhiều cách giải thích khác nhau về cơ học lượng tử. Ngay cả các vấn đề cơ bản như là các quy tắc Max Born liên quan đến biên độ xác suất và phân bố xác suất cũng phải mất đến hàng thập kỷ mới được thừa nhận.

    Giải thích Copenhagen, chủ yếu là do Niels Bohr đưa ra, là cách giải thích mẫu mực về cơ học lượng tử từ khi lý thuyết này được đưa ra lần đầu tiên. Theo cách giải thích của trường phái này thì bản chất xác suất của các tiên đoán của cơ học lượng tử không thể được giải thích dựa trên một số lý thuyết tất định, và không chỉ đơn giản phản ánh kiến thức hữu hạn của chúng ta. Cơ học lượng tử cho các kết quả có tính xác suất vì vũ trụ mà chúng ta đang thấy mang tính xác suất chứ không phải là mang tính tất định.

    Bản thân Albert Einstein, một trong những người sáng lập lý thuyết lượng tá»­, cÅ©ng không thích tính bất định trong các phép đo vật lý. Ông bảo vệ ý tưởng cho rằng có má
              Â¿Qué fue de las curvas? Samsung apuesta en Europa por las pantallas planas con la serie Q8F        

    Q8f Samsung ha dado este año un golpe en la mesa con sus televisores QLED. Un intento en el que el fabricante quiere centrar sus esfuerzos para plantar cara y quién sabe si destronar a los paneles OLED de LG. Y está poniendo todos los medios para lograrlo

    No hace mucho vimos como la gama Samsung Q9 llegaba a Europa, pero eso sí, con precios que digamos, no eran muy accesibles. Y ahora toca el turno de los modelos de la gama Q8F, los cuales tienen pensado hacer acto de presencia en el viejo continente.

    Y lo primero que podemos pensar por esta apuesta es que puede que a Samsung (y a los fabricantes en general) no le estén funcionando todo lo bien que desean las teles de pantalla curva. No sabemos si podemos está ante un nuevo fenómeno similar al 3D pero la apuesta por lanzar esta variante "flat" (de ahí la "F" en Q8) puede dar pistas.

    Así con la familia Q8F, Samsung cuenta con modelos planos en todas sus gamas de televisores (Q7, Q8 y Q9). Esta nueva familia en la serie Q8F llega en modelos con diagonales de 55 y 65 pulgadas construidos sobre un QLED y Quantum Dots con resolución 4K y soporte para HDR.Samsung Q8f

    Cómo sistema operativo y cómo no podía ser de otra forma, cuenta con Tizen, con la última versión disponible hasta la fecha. De forma similar a otros modelos de la marca la parte trasera está libre de conexiones, para las cuales hace uso de una caja externa que se conecta a la tele mediante un cable óptico transparente que busca, en la medida de lo posible no estropear la estética de la estancia.

    Precio y disponibilidad

    La nueva familia Samsung Q8F estará disponible en Europa y al parecer de forma exclusiva. Los precios con los que llegarían al mercado los dos modelos serán de 2.599 euros en el caso del que cuenta con 55 pulgadas, un precio que subiría a 3.599 euros si queremos el de 65 pulgadas.

    Fuente | Samsung
    Vía | FlatPanels
    En Xataka SmartHome | Los televisores QLED Samsung de la gama Q9 ya están aterrizando en Europa con precios no aptos para todos los bolsillos

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    -
    La noticia ¿Qué fue de las curvas? Samsung apuesta en Europa por las pantallas planas con la serie Q8F fue publicada originalmente en Xataka Smart Home por Jose Antonio .


              Montane Fusion Alpha Insulated Jacket        
    Montane Fusion Alpha Insulated Jacket

    Montane Fusion Alpha Insulated Jacket

    Montane's new Fusion Alpha provides a completely new style through a combination of fabrics. This light, durable and insulated jacket provides a range of practical and technical features. Montane says: Unique alpine climbing hybrid insulation. Developed using thermal imaging data produced during activities in cold, wet conditions, the Fusion Alpha Jacket sets the standard for critical attention to detail. With a full set of technical features aimed at alpinists and using a combination of the highest performing fabrics available (POLARTEC® Alpha, PERTEX® Quantum CS-10 and POLARTEC® Power Grid™), the Fusion Alpha offers insulation, wind protection and breathability in one hit. |  Click here for more info on Montane, product updates and New Season information. | Polartec Alpha, Overheating is Underperforming - So unlike traditional synthetic fill or down, Polartec Alpha allows a free exchange of air to keep you warm, comfortable and focused. Developed for U.S. Special Operations and now available for outdoor enthusiasts, it takes performance fabric—and you—to a totally new place. Click the Logo to read more...


              Montane Hi-Q Luxe Insulated Micro Jacket        
    Montane Hi-Q Luxe Insulated Micro Jacket

    Montane Hi-Q Luxe Insulated Micro Jacket

    The Montane Hi-Q Luxe Micro Jacket is a lightweight, highly compressible micro baffle mountain jacket filled with premium PrimaLoft Gold Luxe synthetic insulation.  Montane says: A fast drying and highly compressible micro baffled jacket, the Hi-Q Luxe Micro Jacket uses lightweight PERTEX® Quantum fabric with PrimaLoft® GOLD Luxe Insulation. |  Click here for more info on Montane, product updates and New Season information.


              Montane Hi-Q Luxe Pro Insulated Pull-On        
    Montane Hi-Q Luxe Pro Insulated Pull-On

    Montane Hi-Q Luxe Pro Insulated Pull-On

    The Hi-Q Luxe Pro Pull-On is a warm, versatile and fast drying synthetic insulation layer, with breathable stretch panels in the side of the body, lower part of the sleeves and around the hem. Ideal for active mountain use. Montane says: With a technical material specification, comprised of light and tough PERTEX® Quantum CS-10 fabric, PrimaLoft® GOLD Luxe insulation and stretch DRYACTIV Stretch fleece panelling, the Hi-Q Luxe Pro Pull-In is a fast drying insulation layer perfect for long days in the mountains. |  Click here for more info on Montane, product updates and New Season information.


              Rab Xenon-X Insulated Jacket        
    Rab Xenon-X Insulated Jacket

    Rab Xenon-X Insulated Jacket

    UOG TOP PICK - RAB's Xenon-X Synthetic Jacket - high warmth to weight ratio for a breathable synthetic - We've singled out RAB's Xenon-X synthetic jacket as one of our top recommendations because it combines a highly efficient, stretchy and breathable insulation with a simple outer and simple features to keep the overall weight to a minimum. Ideal if you want a breathable insulation piece at the lightest weight. A lightweight PrimaLoft insulated jacket, utilizing the new 'Active' insulation, with higher breathability and no need for quilting, so no cold spots. Versatile lightweight warmth and protection, ideal for Alpine belays. Rab says: Re-designed for AW16, our well-established, award-winning Xenon X Jacket now uses the new ‘Gold Active Insulation’ from PrimaLoft®, offering higher levels of breathability and completely eliminating cold spots. This combined with PrimaLoft's ability to retain warmth even when damp makes the Xenon X an extremely versatile piece, perfect for everything from a windy belay at your local crag to spindrift belays high in the mountains. With technical features such as an under-helmet hood, elasticated cuffs and a slim fit, the Xenon X Jacket ups it's game for this winter and will continue to be our classic go-to layer for every adventure. | PrimaLoft® Gold Active Insulation; Breathable stretch performance for all active pursuits. Click Logo to read more... | Pertex Quantum Fabric - Light enough to enable down to loft better, comfortable enough for next-to-skin. Click Logo to read more... | Click here for more info on Rab, product updates and New Season information.


              Rab Altus Insulated Jacket        
    Rab Altus Insulated Jacket

    Rab Altus Insulated Jacket

    The Altus Jacket is a new lightweight Cirrus synthetic insulated jacket, designed for use in cold, damp and changeable environments. Rab says: With the introduction of Cirrus™ we have harnessed decades of down expertise to evolve a synthetic technology that offers a genuine alternative. Cirrus combines the warmth to weight benefits of down with the wet-weather performance of synthetics, including rapid dry times that allow the insulating fibres to recover quickly, creating the perfect option for warm layering in cold, damp, changeable conditions. Our new Altus jacket is the latest incarnation in our Cirrus range; lightweight with a slim fit, elasticated cuffs and a durable Pertex® Quantum fabric. The Altus is a streamlined alternative to the Nebula and Nimbus, and will withstand sleet, snow and sideways rain during the winter months. | Pertex Quantum Fabric - Light enough to enable down to loft better, comfortable enough for next-to-skin. Click Logo to read more... | Click here for more info on Rab, product updates and New Season information.


              Marmot Megawatt Insulated Jacket        
    Marmot Megawatt Insulated Jacket

    Marmot Megawatt Insulated Jacket

    The Megawatt Jacket is made from high quality goose down and quick drying Polartec Alpha insulation to give you the warmth and breathability you need during active pursuits. Marmot says: Double down on the new world order-the Megawatt Jacket has the unique feature of double the insulation for active use in cold conditions. This hybrid jacket boasts the supreme thermal regulation of Polartec Alpha-stuffed throughout the entire jacket-and the unmatchable warmth of a water-resistant, 800-fill-power goose down-strategically placed in the torso and attached, adjustable hood. Throw in a wicking mesh lining and Pack Pockets, and the Megawatt Jacket is a powerhouse of winter warmth. | Polartec Alpha, Overheating is Underperforming - So unlike traditional synthetic fill or down, Polartec Alpha allows a free exchange of air to keep you warm, comfortable and focused. Developed for U.S. Special Operations and now available for outdoor enthusiasts, it takes performance fabric—and you—to a totally new place. Click the Logo to read more... | Pertex Quantum Fabric - Light enough to enable down to loft better, comfortable enough for next-to-skin. Click Logo to read more...


              Marmot Isotherm Insulated Jacket        
    Marmot Isotherm Insulated Jacket

    Marmot Isotherm Insulated Jacket

    The Isotherm Jacket is a lightweight synthetic jacket that is super warm and extremely breathable. Ideal for active use in cold conditions.  Marmot says: Whether backcountry skiing or ice climbing, the Isotherm Jacket is built for the active purists. The lightweight 20-denier Pertex Quantum down-proof fabric is filled with Polartec Alpha insulation for warmth when you’re on the move; breathable Polartec Power Stretch panels allow uninhibited movement. Layer this incredibly lightweight puffy over a midlayer for warmth when you’re on the move. | Pertex Quantum Fabric - Light enough to enable down to loft better, comfortable enough for next-to-skin. Click Logo to read more... | Polartec Alpha, Overheating is Underperforming - So unlike traditional synthetic fill or down, Polartec Alpha allows a free exchange of air to keep you warm, comfortable and focused. Developed for U.S. Special Operations and now available for outdoor enthusiasts, it takes performance fabric—and you—to a totally new place. Click the Logo to read more... | Polartec Powerstretch - Feature body hugging 4-way stretch and are very breathable. They keep you dry when you sweat and provide warmth without weight. These are the most versatile outdoor and fitness clothing fabrics available today. Click the Logo to read more...


              Montane Hi-Q Luxe Insulated Jacket        
    Montane Hi-Q Luxe Insulated Jacket

    Montane Hi-Q Luxe Insulated Jacket

    The Montane Hi-Q Luxe Jacket is a lightweight, highly compressible micro baffle mountain jacket filled with premium PrimaLoft Gold Luxe synthetic insulation.  Montane says: Designed and developed for all-day comfort and freedom, the Hi-Q Luxe harnesses the unique properties of innovative PrimaLoft® GOLD Luxe synthetic insulation - exceptional warmth, compressibility and lightweight down-style lofting combined with the superior wet weather performance of traditional PrimaLoft synthetic insulation fibres. | Pertex Quantum Fabric - Light enough to enable down to loft better, comfortable enough for next-to-skin. Click Logo to read more... |  Click here for more info on Montane, product updates and New Season information.


              Rab Photon X Insulated Jacket        
    Rab Photon X Insulated Jacket

    Rab Photon X Insulated Jacket

    The Photon X Jacket is a warm, water resistant and durable synthetic insulated jacket with PrimaLoft Gold insulation and Pertex Endurance shell for winter belays or for use in cold, damp conditions. | PrimaLoft® Gold insulation; The highest performance of any Primaloft product and the benchmark for all synthetic insulation. Click Logo to read more... | Pertex Quantum Fabric - Light enough to enable insulation to loft better, comfortable enough for next-to-skin. Click Logo to read more... | Pertex Endurance Lightweight outer Fabric - with a 1,000mm Hydrostatic Head and high breathability rating Pertex Endurance is a super-lightweight fabric whilst still delivering good protection and abrasion resistance. Click Logo to read more... | Click here for more info on Rab, product updates and New Season information.


              Rab Nimbus Insulated Jacket        
    Rab Nimbus Insulated Jacket

    Rab Nimbus Insulated Jacket

    The Nimbus Jacket is a lightweight, quick drying, featherless synthetic insulated jacket with a Pertex Quantum shell. Designed as a technical all-rounder, perfect for climbing and winter walking in cold damp environments. Rab says: Cirrus™ is a new, breakthrough insulation which combines almost all the key benefits of natural down and synthetic fillings, whilst avoiding their limitations. Key technical features include an over or under helmet hood for climbing use, a Pertex® Quantum® outer fabric and YKK® zips throughout. The Nimbus Jacket is designed as an all-round cold weather piece, yet the technical feature set offers the flexibility of using the jacket as a winter climbing and belay jacket. | Pertex Quantum Fabric - Light enough to enableinsulation to loft better, comfortable enough for next-to-skin. Click Logo to read more... | Click here for more info on Rab, product updates and New Season information.


              Montane Alpha 100 Insulated Jacket        
    Montane Alpha 100 Insulated Jacket

    Montane Alpha 100 Insulated Jacket

    Montane's Alpha 100 jacket delivers insulation with breathability for use when you're active in a very accomplished and well designed jacket. Montane says: Designed and developed for all-day winter climbing, the Alpha 100 Jacket gives excellent insulation throughout whilst remaining hyper breathable and extremely packable. It combines the unique properties of a PERTEX® Quantum outer fabric and POLARTEC® Alpha 100g insulation to create an extremely versatile jacket that can be worn on all-day routes. The Alpha 100 Jacket provides protection in a new and unique way, using the revolutionary POLARTEC® Alpha - the latest evolutionary step in synthetic insulation. With its open, woven construction, POLARTEC® Alpha 100g insulation combines warmth with hyper breathability, whilst at the same time being extremely compressible. This new format of insulation is encased in a PERTEX® Quantum outer, which provides high wind resistance and is fast drying. It also features a tailored ‘active mountain’ fit, which prevents the hem raising whilst reaching up high, a fully adjustable helmet compatible hood that can be easily stowed away and two deep A-line hand-warmer pockets which are encased in POLARTEC® Alpha insulation eliminating any cold spots. | Polartec Alpha, Overheating is Underperforming - So unlike traditional synthetic fill or down, Polartec Alpha allows a free exchange of air to keep you warm, comfortable and focused. Developed for U.S. Special Operations and now available for outdoor enthusiasts, it takes performance fabric—and you—to a totally new place. Click the Logo to read more... |  Click here for more info on Montane, product updates and New Season information.


              Montane Fireball Insulated Jacket        
    Montane Fireball Insulated Jacket

    Montane Fireball Insulated Jacket

    The Montane Fireball jacket is the pinnacle of Montane's lightweight synthetic insulation pieces. Pertex quantum and super compressible Primaloft Silver Eco give this garment a tiny pack size, so at the end of a long day of trekking take this out of your pack to keep you warm all night around the camp. Montane says: Created for lightweight climbing and backpacking, the Fireball Jacket provides highly packable insulation which will barely be noticed when stuffed in a rucksack. Its gossamer weight is achieved through the use of tough, low weight, nylon PERTEX Quantum; low bulk and low weight PRIMALOFT SILVER ECO; and through the minimalist, yet functional design of the hood, sleeves and pocketing. The Fireball Jacket can be worn as an outer shell in cool, dry conditions or as a mid-layer underneath a shell jacket when things turn hostile. | Pertex Quantum Fabric - Light enough to enable down to loft better, comfortable enough for next-to-skin. Click Logo to read more... | PrimaLoft® Silver Insulation Eco; Uses recycled content to create the highest performing eco-friendly insulation available.Click Logo to read more... | Click here for more info on Montane, product updates and New Season information.


              Why are so many ice anglers making the switch to Propane        

    After considering the many advantages that propane offers over gasoline, the engineers at Eskimo set out on the task of developing the ultimate propane-powered ice auger. The result was the HC40, designed from the ice up to take full advantage of propane’s higher octane rating. Higher octane supports higher compression, meaning more powerful explosions out of a smaller and lighter package. Propane is taking the ice fishing world by storm. Ice anglers everywhere are turning to this new power source as it continues to prove itself on the ice.

     

    The first advantage of propane that many people notice is how clean it is. Gone are the days of mixing oil and gasoline and worrying about the quality of gas being used. Propane is held within a closed system meaning no spills or leaks. The HC40 can be tossed in the back of a vehicle or in a sled without worrying about gasoline spilling out and making a mess. Propane also burns more cleanly, emitting nearly no exhaust or odor.

     

    Propane is also a stable fuel, meaning it can be stored between ice seasons without gumming up the engine or lines, resulting in fewer repairs. Even after a long hot summer, the HC40 will fire up after one or two pulls with no priming or choking needed.

     

    The HC40 runs on readily available and affordable 1lb propane bottles, and propane burns so efficiently, a single bottle can easily last an entire ice season. Removing the weight of liquid gasoline helps keep the HC40 under 33lbs total, making drilling easier and more enjoyable.

     

    To convert the dependable, propane-generated power to on-ice performance, Eskimo attached the HC40’s engine to their rapid-cutting Quantum Augers via an all-metal ball bearing transmission. The augers, available in 8” or 10” diameters, feature dual Quantum Blades that shred through all types of ice quickly and easily.

     

    Clean, stable, lightweight and affordable – the HC40 is an unbeatable tool in any ice angler’s arsenal.


              Daftar Situs Tempat Download Film Gratis Terlengkap        
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              Serenità a tutto spiano        

    La serenità è il superamento di tutte le paure. Le emozioni negative ci fanno soffrire in quanto sono l’effetto della paura, mentre le emozioni positive ci fanno gioire perché ci danno sicurezza ed entusiasmo. La sofferenza […]

    L'articolo Serenità a tutto spiano proviene da Quantum Factory.


              Collaborating With Academia to Develop New Technologies        
    Engineers, scientists and leading figures from across industry gathered in London recently for the launch of BAE Systems' strategic university partnership programme. The event on 5 April marked the formal start of our new working relationships with five prestigious UK universities. Each academic establishment boasts world-class expertise in technologies that we are looking to develop: Cranfield University (unmanned air vehicles, avionics testing) University of Birmingham (quantum sens...
              What does Falling into a Black Hole Feel Like?        
    What's the point of mosquitoes? Do your eyes pop out if left open when sneezing? Is the Universe infinitely big? Are birds really related to dinosaurs? What is quantum entanglement? If the space station is held in orbit by gravity, why do things float about inside it? Why does hayfever make your eyes itch? Can animals forecast earthquakes? Find out in this week's show where you're in the driving seat asking us the questions...
              I'm a Tasmanian Devil, Get Me Out Of Here!        
    How can science save the Tasmanian Devil? New research reveals why an infectious cancer that's spreading amongst the animals isn't attacked by the immune system. Plus, the quantum basis of smell, reading a fish's thoughts and are scientists on the verge of a cure for the common cold?
              The British Science Festival        
    We explore the history of Pi, examine rheumatoid arthritis and seek the science of sleep in this roundup of the British Science Festival. In the news, we hear how to read the history of the solar system on the surface of the moon, and discover a development in quantum computing. Plus, we launch Naked Engineering, stripping off the image of dirty overalls to discover how engineers solve real-world problems. Diana asks if olive oil is healthier than butter in our Question of the Week.
              Clothed Questions, Naked Answers        
    Black holes, bright birds and ice evaporating in the freezer all come under scrutiny in this week's Naked Science Question and Answer Show. We also find out why space is so cold, what happens when a neutron star collapses and where houseflies buzz off to in winter. Plus, we discover a robot who keeps kids company in hospital, and catch up with the the latest tech news about Twitter. Also, we hear how bats are louder than a rock concert, how a quantum trick could let birds see magnetism and we peer into the biggest eye in the animal kingdom - belonging to the Colossal Squid. Plus, in Kitchen Science, we get close to some hot rubber!
              China sends first ‘unhackable’ message to satellite        
    Quantum transmission marks big step in next generation communications
              Long Talking Bad Conditions Illinois Blues: A Report on &Now, A Festival of Innovative Writing and Art        
    by
    Ted Pelton
    2006-11-03

    I been to Chicago and I been to Detroit
    But I never had a good time till I got up in Illinois

    - Skip James, “Illinois Blues”

    Chicago Self-Portrait

    You are watching me, runny nose and throbbing headache, wheel an 80-lb. suitcase (for which United Airlines charged me a $25 overweight fee on the flight from Buffalo - still cheaper and more trustworthy than shipping) down Halsted Avenue in Chicago on a brisk sunny April Tuesday morning. The suitcase is freighted with books, and the books freighted with just about every spare moment I’ve had from my college teaching job for the last five years. Others write them, but I (with a small number of trusted associatesAs of August, 2006, these associates include Geoffrey Gatza, Florine Melnyk, Ed Taylor, and Kevin Thurston.) do just about everything else - editorial, layout, design, proofreading, working with printers, advertising, marketing, and, here, selling. This is not the picture I had in my mind of what an English professor does when I began a PhD program twenty years ago. (Jesus, twenty years ago?) It’s not that I didn’t think of English professors involving themselves in the making of new literature, even the production of new literature. I attended programs and studied with professors for whom small press writing was the only new American writing worth troubling with - and now here I am. I just always imagined I’d have grad students to do the actual shlepping around.

    I am Dr. Ted Pelton, founder and Executive Director of Starcherone Books, a 501(c)(3) organization that utilizes publishing to fulfill its educational objectives of increasing awareness and appreciation of the avant-garde and innovative fiction that mainstream presses no longer have much interest in publishing, if they ever did. Later in the day I will speaking to a room full of graduate and undergraduate students at the University of Illinois-Chicago before heading on the next day to the &Now Conference at Lake Forest College, a half-hour North of the city. When I tell the assembly today about small press publishing, the images in my listeners’ minds will have to do with piles of manuscripts, desktop publishing programs, and the like. No one will ask about luggage. It’s just as well.

    This trip is the third of four with Starcherone this Spring: Tallahassee and Austin done, Boulder to come. I caught the cold ten days ago on a flight back from New York where I had read from my own new novel to an audience of 5 people, one of whom was Tod Thilleman, publisher of Spuyten Duyvil Books, another Nava Renek, an SD author, and a third was the woman waiting to close up the place when we were finished. When I later today appear on a panel with Gina Frangello, founder/publisher of Other Voices Books, she will do me two better, delivering her talk with strep throat and having recently given birth. Making literature today is hard work, but small press publishers are headstrong stock, daunted neither by hardship or illness in their self-styled fight against corporate sameness.

    That last is a rather nice reportage journalism sentence, don’t you think?

    Other Voices

    Mike Neuwirth of Bridge Magazine and Michael Leary of Flood Editions are the other panelists with Gina and I in a sixth floor multipurpose room in one of the towers that make up the University of Illinois campus. All of us do slightly different things. Bridge went from a journal-styled paperback format a couple of years ago to its current newsprint magazine format with a circulation of 30,000. They are the most mainstream presence on our panel, seemingly with a “real people” audience rather than this crowd’s usual specializations and art ambitions - Neuwirth freely banters about the types of issues one would see in Publisher’s Weekly, while nonetheless trumpeting small press successes. The question of audience is a significant one in the small press world. Some see their roles as working to create art, with a select initial audience and the hope more will catch on, but nonetheless assuming the traditional avant-gardist’s approach that the work comes first, and good work will attract good readers. Others say that the literary establishment has grown so petrified and risk-averse that it can no longer even tell the central stories of our time. These presses seek to be popular, perhaps even to “catch on.” But as a result, such publications may select material away from the harder edge experimental work of the moment, work which is likely to turn off the typical reader looking for a breezier experience with his or her reading material. We are all caught somewhere between these two poles because it is hard to sustain any American enterprise without engagement with free enterprise, with all its attendant mercantile assumptions. You don’t choose one or the other, but you are always conscious of both, however you choose to manuever.

    (It’s a problem not only limited to fiction. I am reminded of this music example: while no one would argue the Beatles weren’t good, one still laughs when Mark E. Smith of The Fall declaims of them and post-Beatles commercial groups: “All the English groups/Act like peasants with free milk/On a route/On a route to the loot/To candy mountain/Five wacky English proletariat idiots.”)

    Anyway, Mike Neuwirth tells a story about Joe Meno, a Chicago author I haven’t heard of (which in itself doesn’t mean much, there being many different worlds within the so-called small press world). It’s the kind of story small pressers love to hear and tell: how Meno published two books with big Harper-Collins but it was only when he did his third book with Akashic that the books started to sell, thanks to the individual attention given to authors and their titles by small presses. But then Akashic, from where I sit, is practically a mainstream press. Yes, they’re so-called indie, but, with an alternative pedigree more descended from the successes of Pearl Jam than Oulipo, they’re the type of New York indie alt-press media darlings an establishment scene - Publisher’s Weekly, The Nation, the Association of American Publishers - understands and is more likely to embrace; in other words, they are culturally but not necessarily formally progressive, and accepting of and positioned to succeed within a certain engagement with free enterprise. Meno’s book in question is called Hairstyles of the Damned: you get the picture. No, they’re not the enemy. Yes, maybe I am just jealous.

    On the other end of the spectrum is Michael O’Leary of Flood Editions, purveyors of beautifully designed, high-minded poetry by the likes of Graham Foust, Lisa Jarnot, Pam Rehm, Ronald Johnson, and other avant-garde heroes, many from my own Buffalo, dear Beat poetry-mad Buffalo, a city where you can draw three hundred people to the 80th birthday party of Robert Creeley a year after he’s been dead and two years after he moved to Rhode Island. O’Leary is quiet in the brouhaha that follows, being a poetry guy and thus seeing widespread popularity as something other people think about, fiction people, or students in creative writing programs who still imagine they will have audiences, who haven’t yet been trampled on by the invisible stampedes of neglect. “All writers feel neglected,” Ronald Sukenick (postmodern hero novelist/Fiction Collective co-founder/American Book Review publisher) once said in a workshop class I took and I have quoted it often, having grown up in an age where I feel those wounds as acutely as he did. Like earlier today, stumbling down the avenue with heavy bag and headcold. Or when I will pay the airline the excess baggage fee again on the way back, bringing home most of my books from the road.

    “The brouhaha that follows” … well, not exactly a brouhaha, but Mike Neuwirth takes issue with my statement that the average fiction title in the United States sells only about 300 copies, my point being that ALL new fiction publishing, even the divisions of Murdoch and Bertlesmann with their many imprints and stacks of tomes in Borders and Barnes & Noble, is dying, and if they’re only selling 300 copies, hell, I can do that. And this statistic is what Cris Mazza (my host, novelist, short-story writer, UIC fiction prof) tells me her students (fearful perhaps their parents were right - there truly is nothing in this “art thing”) most buzz about after the fact, so when I return home I try to substantiate this figure - God I wish I had been a good scholar and written down where this stat came from, publishers being so guarded about sales figures (as opposed to “print runs,” which they love to release and ballyhoo).The small presses, without the establishment resources at their command, must generally rely on anecdotal information regarding others’ sales. Here, for instance, is an excerpt from an email I received yesterday from one of our new authors: “I had a long chat with J. [an agent] not long ago in which he told me about a certain young, fairly-well-hyped writer of literary fiction who had a book on McSweeney’s and whose next book came out this spring on a big NY house; this latter book got a good amount of attention from literary blogs when it was released. J. had lunch with the book’s editor a while back, who told him that the book has sold 80 copies…” One of the reasons, of course, that sales of individual fiction titles are so poor is that the current paradigm for corporate publishers is to keep new books available for only 3-6 months and if they don’t sell in that time, publishers remainder them and move on. Thus they provide a potential edge for small presses which generally keep books available for longer terms or even perpetually. I like to quote Emerson against this mainstream publishing trend, indicating that the way literature actually works isn’t in keeping with mainstream corporate publishing assumptions: “Never read any book that is not a year old.” But when I return home I do find this statement on the net: 93% of fiction published in the US for which ISBNs were provided (thus not counting chapbooks or micro-press books) sell fewer than 1000 copies, according to a presenter at the Nielsen BookScan-sponsored Book Summit 2005, and this 93% of titles accounts for 13% of sales. Publishing is sort of like wealth today in America: the few are consolidating their power, making a very few people/titles mega-rich and saying to the rest of us and what was formerly called Our National Literature, go fuck yourself.For the purposes of this article I tried to find out how much BookScan charges for their sales tabulation information. An email query led to a salesperson who, four emails later, would not quote me a figure unless I agreed to set up a demo of the service and start a contract. Many aspects of the publishing industry similarly structure access through financial hurdles. All US ISBN numbers, the way one is entered into the national bookselling marketplace, are controlled by a single company, R. R. Bowker. Bowker sells 10 ISBNs at $27 each, 100 ISBNs at $9.15 each, or 10,000 at 34¢ each. Being a small press is something like having to purchase your start-up office furniture exclusively at the price-gouging rates of Rent-to-Own. When I was a PhD student, I worked on Herman Melville, perhaps this country’s greatest novelist but a weirdo in his own time, to be sure, whom some contemporary reviewers feared had gone insane (especially after he wrote Pierre) and who was no great friend of the publishing industry of his own moment. But here is my point: would a situation whereby D. H. Lawrence, in 1920, nearly three decades after Melville’s death, discovered Mardi, Omoo, and Moby-Dick, be possible today? Such a scenario only exists if the books get printed to begin with. And if this printing happens, which publishers are the ones most likely to make this possible? Ones whose responsibility is first to literature or those whose responsibility is first to their corporate parents? Who is likely to publish a novel today for whom there is little or no contemporary audience, but which might one day be discovered, in the context of a survey work on classic American Literature, in the year 2045? If there is, on the shoulders of contemporary small publishers, a need to give voice to the culturally marginalized, á la Akashic, there is also a need to give venues to “new compositions in the arts,” as Gertrude Stein called them when she said that such works “were outlaws right up until the moment they were considered classics, with hardly a moment in between.”

    In Chicago, my own press has the most affinity with Gina Frangello and Other Voices which began as a literary magazine and now scrapes together funds to put out one short fiction collection a year, determined by an annual contest with the first winner being Tod Goldberg’s Simplify. Of greater interest to me, though (judging books by their covers), is Frangello’s own book, My Sister’s Continent, a complex and challenging-looking (compliments in my vocabulary) novel based on Freud’s Dora case, published by Chiasmus Press. Chiasmus’s publisher Lidia Yuknavitch is prevented from joining the panel from her home in Portland, Oregon, but her statement, read aloud to the gathering by OV Editor Marina Lewis, says Chiasmus was founded to resist the corporatization of literature, and to publish new work she believes in which isn’t finding venues elsewhere. No mention of sales or profits. That, I nod, is what it is all about. Other voices.

    What helps fiction sales - blogs, readings, reviews? What do you think of print-on-demand? Do writers who want to get published realize that they have a duty as well to support the small press economy? Will we be able to withstand the pressures of a society that is increasingly anti-reading? Do we have to increase numbers or is it possible to exist in hundreds of separate fiefdoms of audiences which share and communicate with each other and remain viable without appeasing the monster of expansion, the ineluctable direction of capitalism, always urging bigger, wider, more massive? But if that is not what literature is, should we admit and stake our claim on the proposition that literature and the expansive designs structured by capitalism are inversely proportional?

    Questions fill the room. I haven’t even gotten to Lake Forest yet.

    Fabulous Wealth

    And now, through the magic of editing, I am in Lake Forest, an opulent Northern burb. The streets between downtown Lake Forest, the college a mile in one direction and the conference center a mile in another, are not lined with streetlights because the owners of the fabulous mansions in these environs don’t want people walking around in their neighborhoods at night. Walk, dear? I won’t hear of it. If you have anyplace you absolutely have to get to, just take the Mercedes. Or better yet, have Juan drive you. Strange place for a gathering of visiting art freaks, music-mixers, post-metafictionists, hybrid fusionists, pomo parodists, indie pirates, and the like - and so say all the visiting art freaks, music mixers, post-metafictionists, hybrid fusionists, pomo parodists, indie pirates, and the like to each other upon their arrivals here, preparing to take stock of our own glorious wealth.

    William Gass

    I have never finished a book by William Gass. He goes on too long for me - and yes, I am aware of this contradiction, in that I said above how much I liked the difficult in writing. Call it a matter of taste. Wait, no, I did finish On Being Blue, the one book of his in which he seemed to momentarily allow himself slenderness of expression. Beautiful book, that. I did also like “In the Heart of the Heart of the Country,” his long story in the same-named collection. In any case, William Gass becomes the hero of my first afternoon at &Now in an opening panel that also features the not inconsiderable talents of Shelley Jackson and Nambi Kelley (more of each anon). Gass in person is remarkable: 80 years old, hale, lucid, wispy white bowl haircut, dark-rimmed round glasses, wise sad eyes and wry playfulness causing him to resemble an emissary from another age - Buster Keaton as an emeritus professor. His remarks indicate that he himself regards his presence as a visitation from elsewhere: the avant-garde of our fathers and grandfathers. He tells us of the differences between our lands: then, there was something more of a cohesion between different artists; now, there are more types of art and media available for expression, diffusion, multiplicity.

    Shelley Jackson is next. It is my first exposure to her work, though I am aware of at least one of her projects, a story in which the words were tattooed on the skin of volunteers, a living work that at the same time is impossible to receive except in fragments. Shelley is striking to look at, any place one looks. On her own inside wrist is tattooed “SKIN,” appropriately. Her hair is the color of fire - not a uniform color, that is, but composed of reds, oranges, yellows, and browns. Yet, despite her formidable visual presentation, she begins to speak somewhat waveringly, reassuringly to some degree: she’s nervous. Her work, she says, seeks to position itself against a fairly complacent contemporary writing world which she finds “dedicated to an illusory image of its own purity.” One anti-literary project was the tattoos; another is her creation of what she calls “The Interstitial Library,” a theoretical project in the spirit of Blanchot’s and Roland Barthes’s similar conceits about bodies of text around and beyond us at all moments. Jackson and her collaborator, Christine Hill, imagine a library that exists in the interstices between presently existing books in the world’s physical and virtual libraries. As Jackson is equally an artist and a writer, as well as a skilled web designer, the library grounds itself in the actuality of a website. But from there it goes out again into the imaginary, as both regards works and their possible existences: “Its vast holdings are dispersed throughout private collections, used bookstores, other libraries, thrift stores, garbage dumps, attics, garages, hollow trees, sunken ships, the bottom desk-drawers of writers, the imaginations of non-writers, the pages of other books, the possible future, and the inaccessible past.”

    Nambi Kelley is last. As befits an artist who does a great of her work around the world in acting workshops intended to foster, as she puts it, “global communities,” Nambi Kelley refuses to allow us to remain seated, academic-style, in this conference room. A slender, small-framed woman in fingerless knit gloves and a ball of twisted braids atop her head, she asks first what African-American playwrights we are familiar with; she is featured herself in a current L.A. production of August Wilson’s Joe Turner’s Come and Gone. Her presence here has theatricality - she stands and speaks, her hands dance in the air. She throws an object into the crowd - make up a story, she instructs, throw it to someone else. The game ends too early - I mean, in this room we could do it all day. But the point is made - in a world where manufacturers tell us art is this or that outside ourselves, we should not forget this basic essence of expression. Duh … people!

    William Gass now has his heroic moment, fielding a question from the crowd meant to trip us up: Aren’t you just saying what everybody says? In the corporate boardrooms of America, aren’t they just figuring out ways to make it new? Aren’t we all always already homogenized? Haven’t they taken away our language, those geniuses of capitalism, haven’t they rendered us impotent, anything we might say here only sounding the same as what we’re always being told and sold? Gass is not to be so easily dismissed, and indeed he turns the tables, calmly, serenely. Any derision I give his response here is my own, because Gass himself stays above anger, indignation, resentment. Dear boy, he says to the questioner, They only do that in the attempt to sell us products. Don’t mistake the language they steal from us as anything but new bottles into which they serve their old wine. Oh, but he’s so much more articulate, refined, cool, and cutting, leaving the room still with wonder. I get too involved in the emotion of the moment to record for posterity his actual words. I am too much the foot soldier to remember to be the scribe.

    My Problems

    Which becomes my problem over the next few days. I participate, and only as an afterthought restore myself to the position of feigned-objective observer. It also becomes clear to me, when on the last day I hear people talking about the electronic music and video presentations they’ve witnessed here, that I attend a different festival than a lot of the others. I attend events concurrent with other events, and can only be that one person I am; I ignore too much, fail to witness too much, don’t take account of all I am involved in, and it slips past me, leaving me with only these few sad notes, so much less than what is actually occurring. Sticking close to fiction on both days, among the concurrent sessions I miss are those engaging literature and multimedia, performance poetry, experimental film, mathematically engendered writing by women, and a host of other media, operations, and art-form combinations.

    My apologies to all those who were at &Now and don’t appear in this account, either because I didn’t attend your session, took poor notes, or couldn’t fit you into the final article. I should have been a better chronicler than I am. A team of chroniclers!

    The Dead

    It’s a fallacy that the dead live in the distant past, Shelley Jackson tells us from the podium that evening, star of the first plenary. Some are from only a minute ago. I love the performance that follows - Jackson reading from a text that brings together the website we see projected above her, also of her own design, her work in progress, The Shelley Jackson Vocational School for Ghost Speakers and Hearing Mouth Children. The site’s url is now lost to me, but this is what I recall seeing: an official seal such as one might find gracing an old brick-and-mortar academic hall, one that introduces the visitor to a school devoted to capturing the voices of the dead as miniature physical objects rendered in wax, objects which have also been sculpted by Jackson who works simultaneously as author, artist, and web designer. The objects themselves, or the images of them that we see, are haunting in their echoes of our dream-images of the unseeable, conditioned by 19th-century spirit photography and similar to paranormal explorations that pseudo-sciences have engaged in over the centuries; this sense is reinforced by Jackson’s schematic drawings of bodies and inventions used in the refinement of sound-objects generated by the dead, rendered in effective imitative detail. Her imaginations are bodied forth in very convincing craftspersonship.

    Jackson also engages a rich paradox in the life of the avant-garde artist: the artist looks forward, toward creating the new, but the very act of being an artist puts one in an irresistible dialogue with the dead - at least partly because many of our resources are given us by those who have passed from the living world: “Everything you know about yourself,” reads Jackson, “is by-gone. You are your own ghost.” Why should we not also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Because we speak their languages; since we may well be animated by them, what could we recognize purely as our own? In the style of the channeler of the paranormal, Jackson then proceeds to lead the auditorium in an exercise whereby we allow the dead to speak through us. We are instructed to relax, let the sound come from deep in the throat, etc., and in the dimmed room we begin to hear others and ourselves intone strange moans from some other place. And/or, we play along, and in the front of the room Jackson can hardly keep from laughing at our successful channelings. The power of Jackson’s work is in its ability to engage its audience’s sense of play with the daunting, tantalizing unknown. She is a significant artist whose work breaks boundaries in the received conceptions of the separability of writing, art, and electronic media, without losing sight of the interests of literature. This is how new literature is made.More of Jackson’s work can be seen at http://www.ineradicablestain.com.

    To be fair, given my anti-corporate screed above: Jackson’s new novel, her first, Half-Life, is out this month from HarperCollins, and obviously I do not consider this an example of bad corporate publishing. Jackson, like Ben Marcus, is an example of a significant contemporary literary artist who is supported by the commercial publishing industry. But then again, they may also be exceptions that prove the rule.

    Magnified Section

    I attend a panel the next morning scheduled for 9:30 but I get in a few moments after it has started, having set up my table and tried to construct a means by which, as unlikely and unsuccessful an endeavor as it sounds, customers might leave money for Starcherone books while I am off galavanting elsewhere. My book table is flanked on the right by the Brooklyn crew from Spuyten Duyvil and on my left by the terrific array of poetic objects produced by Miekal And, Maria Damon, and associates (an incidental note: it is very hard to effectively google a man with the last name “And”), including one I pick up for purchase: a 1992 Xexoxial Editions compilation entitled Magnified Section. This book features work by, among others, Critical Art Ensemble, a group with one member, Steve Kurtz, currently enmeshed in legal difficulties, with charges filed against him by the FBI and Department of Homeland Security Joint Terrorism Task Force for illegally trading in biological substances that actually are legal for trade, a prosecution that is widely seen in the artistic community as ideologically based.For more information see the CAE official website. In short, Magnified Section is one of those great publications one can only find done by a micro-press: simultaneous art object and slapdash, cheap material production but gloriously beautiful, with an orange and yellow splattered cover resembling those 60s abstract films with projected light through blood or paint blotches. Inside, a kind of anarchist aesthetic of xeroxes, early computer graphics, found art, and fake slogans: “God for Bid,” “Antigens and Contagions,” “Driftless Permaculture,” etc. The entirety seems to come not from New York (though some contributors are evidently headquartered there, but from odd places like LaFarge, Wisconsin, and Cedar Rapids, Iowa. Art, poetry, social document of who knows what, all in one. Wild.

    My morning running like a sentence I can’t find the end of, I enter late a room where Ralph Berry, Director of FC2 and Professor of English at Florida State University, is already giving his paper.

    Berry is one of my heroes in the small press publishing world. Over the years, FC2 has published, in its current imprint or as Fiction Collective/Black Ice Books (two other names by which it has gone the past 30 years), many of the greats of a strand of innovative fiction almost completely ignored by commercial publishers: Raymond Federman, Ronald Sukenick, Ursule Molinaro, Gerald Vizenor, Marianne Hauser, Harold Jaffe, and many others. Yet despite its long and critically respected history, FC/FC2 has, particularly in the last decade, gone nearly invisible in the mainstream literary world. So woeful has this neglect become that perhaps the best and most significant aspect of Ben Marcus’s attack on Jonathan Franzen in Harper’s (with which I was in general agreement) was that a mainstream glossy New York magazine was finally forced to print the name FC2, which Marcus mentioned in passing in the article. Despite Harper’s styling itself a culturally progressive magazine, I can’t recall ever seeing them acknowledge the literary margins before (I do recall one, but only one, instance in The New Yorker). Berry himself is a Southern Gentleman of the type I never knew existed, or would have thought had long since ceased to exist (growing up in suburban New York teleculture Hee Haw and the Klan were my predominant images of Dixie); Berry is passionately committed to art, entirely open in his intellectual conversation, yet soft-spoken, dignified, and polite to a fault. I pick up some of the thread of his argument: he is discussing the role of the fraudulent in art, given the potential for the relativity of interpretation since Duchamp, Cage, and others made the very nature of artistic craft problematic. He then transitions into discussing art that produces its own theory as it produces itself, citing the FC2 book, Blue Guide to Indiana by Michael Martone, as a case in point. This faux-travel guide, a formal pastiche of the actual Blue Guide series of travel guides, locates its subject where all Martone’s work locates itself, in Indiana, or rather under the linguistic sign “Indiana.” Berry points out that Martone’s is not so much a “fiction about Indiana” as “a real travel guide to a not-yet-existent Indiana.” I have heard Berry say elsewhere (and perhaps he has said it in the part of the talk I missed) that such fictive gaming is not, as would perhaps appear to the uninitiated, an end in itself, but a means by which we are led to reflect on the fictive operations all around us. After all, stories of any kind come to us through processes of digestion, selection, characterization, and, at their most insidious extremes, spins and the deliberate constructions of organs of official sense-making: governments, the press, etc.

    Suspicions of how discourse constructs contemporary accepted realities and the ways in which novels work to reveal these processes becomes a shared contention of all three talks. Brian Evenson, fiction writer, translator, and Chair of the Literary Arts Program at Brown, is next, speaking of the difficulties of defining the novel genre. In one sense, the question of what a novel is, he says, already has an answer in the forming of that question: a novel is that which looks like a novel. But a novel may also, as Bakhtin wrote many decades ago, be any text which exhibits heteroglossia, language in all its variations. The novel, said Bahktin, was the form that made itself most welcome to the inclusion of various discourses (Martone or Jackson are certainly examples, though of course the latter employs fictive-based media forms rather than what one would typically say pertain to a “novel”) and positions itself against monologism, “a false, single view of the world.” While Evenson notes Bakhtin has his problems - he left unexamined his valuing of the novel among other genres, as well as his devaluing of poetry - his construction of what is novelistic remains compelling. The work of defining genre, nevertheless, is always a continual one, with finer and finer distinctions coming into play. In a sense, purporting to be a science, it is finally a pseudoscience whose classifications are ultimately always problematic. Evenson closes by citing a contemporary example of a hard-to-classify but nevertheless successful novel, Patrik Ouredník’s Europeana: A Brief History of the Twentieth Century. Constructed with “metahistorical but undifferentiated information,” Ouredník’s book utilizes actual (and in some cases somewhat fanciful) history to create a seemingly unreal picture of the world of the previous century. His work is a type of making strange that is different from the recent fictional trend of looking at the world from a slightly futuristic point in time by destabilizing or re-fixing the past from our own moment in time; such destabilization happens with the help of a discursive strategy that is not precisely history because its selection of details includes those that would not be included typically in a history:

    The Americans who fell at Normandy in 1944 were sturdy young men and they measured an average of 173 cm tall, and if they were laid one after another, with the soles of their feet to the crowns of their heads, together they would measure 38 kilometers. The Germans were also sturdy young men, and the sturdiest of all were the Senegalese riflemen in World War One. They measured 176 cm, and so they were sent into the front ranks to scare the Germans. It was said that in World War One people fell like seeds, and later the Russian Communists calculated how much fertilizer a kilometer of corpses would yield, and how much they could save on expensive foreign fertilizer if they used the corpses of traitors and criminals. (qtd. in Bolton)

    Steve Tomasula, who teaches at Notre Dame and, like Evenson, is both an FC2 author and a college professor, picks up the thread of the novelistic in presumably stable discourse by choosing as his subject Alan Sokal’s infamous fraudulent essay on quantum gravity in Social Text; in Sokal’s own words, “a pastiche of left-wing cant, fawning references, grandiose quotations, and outright nonsense … structured around the silliest quotations I could find about mathematics and physics.” Sokal’s intent was to argue the limits of postmodern theories of the instability of signification; he wished to reaffirm the facthood of at least an aspect of scientific truth beyond the alleged instability of signification systems which reify or describe such truths. To Tomasula, Sokal’s linguistic experiment shows the opposite of what he intended: “Frauds in scientific journals show us that there is at least as much desire … as anything else in the selection of articles” purporting truth claims, and such desires are the inescapable condition of interpretation. There is no outside to this postmodern formulation of the conditions of knowledge-gathering, which Tomasula delivers succinctly in four propositions:

    Reality is constituted in language.
    Language is subject to interpretation.
    Interpretation is contingent upon subjectivity.
    Subjectivity is subject to temporality.

    This last, “temporality,” is the position of the observer, á la Heisenberg, at any particular moment - the observer’s experiences, tools, and desires. Modernity, as Tomasula concludes, in concert with his fellow panelists, means having to question everything in a contingent sphere of particular interests and discourses. A construction of the novel vital to our time must participate in such an understanding of the nature of representations, and such novels that do this are to be valued for continuing to do important work in the course of human understanding.

    The Women of FC2

    I now spend the next two days checking out all the new fiction I can, particularly by writers with whom I’m unfamiliar. First is a trio of women published by FC2 - Lucy Corin, Jessica Treat, and Debra DiBlasi.

    Corin is a package of surprises: an assistant professor at UC Davis with trimmed hair and round glasses, she looks from certain angles like a Harry Potter-ish boy naif. But later in the evening, I’ll discover that she shoots a wicked game of pool. Reading from Everyday Psychokillers: A History for Girls, Corin’s sentences sound at some moments like she’s channeling Lewis Carroll, at others like a language-conscious feminist sociologist two drinks into a cocktail party. One comic text that she reads is fashioned as a list: “Things I don’t do except mockingly.” “Times I watch with detached indifference as my house gets more disgusting.” Good stuff: female lives caught in worlds of male assumption and construction, the work of disentanglement in which any woman’s subjectivity is necessarily engaged.

    Next, Jessica Treat, not necessarily as experimental as other FC2 writers, but an accomplished storyteller, wryly aware of the issues involved in her work’s presentation: “I was on the phone last night with my girlfriend and she was telling me why it [my writing] was experimental. I remember the word ‘subtle’.” I am a fan of these subtleties in Treat, and am on record as such: she appears in Starcherone’s new anthology of hybrid prose, PP/FF (Conners).

    Finally, Debra DiBlasi, who is the most formally inventive of the three, at least from what I see in this sampling. She discusses her use of “Storyspace,” the first-generation hypertext software, then goes into a story about gaps, lacunae, places where you get lost in life or in text. She reads selective sentences from a story and there is no loss of experience, the presentation imagistic, cerebral. “I stopped stuttering when she [my sister] ran away from home. It was like she took away the gaps.”

    Afterward, DiBlasi stops at the Starcherone table and we discuss doing an anthology of erased text. It may never happen, but it’s a great idea.

    Spuyten Duyvil

    The Spuyten Duyvil reading the next morning begins with an impassioned, half-lunatic blast from SD’s mercurial director, Tod Thilleman, so full of accusation and bravado that Tsipi Keller to his right is spurred to spontaneous applause half-way through the rant. I don’t feel like I’m quite awake but manage to get down a couple of his sentences: “I’m trying to understand what I am doing by publishing all these books.” It’s true - as indie publishers go, very few if any out-produce SD. Starcherone does four books a year, FC2 does six; Spuyten Duyvil, publishing fiction, poetry, limited edition art books, and occasional non-fiction, does close to twenty. Thilleman has been called to this, he tells us, by the abdication of literature by mainstream publishing: “Publishing is not literature. Publishing may used to have been literature, but now it’s an industry, the publishing industry.”

    The books that SD does (at least those whose authors are on display here) are less deliberately experimental than those of FC2, with the exception of Christian TeBordo (whose Conviction and Subsequent Life of Savior Neck is classic self-reflexive, trip-over-itself metafiction; he’ll be an interesting writer to watch as he develops) and, to a certain extent, Noam Mor, Eugene Garber and Tsipi Keller both read from books that are literary but not particularly formally challenging, inasmuch as one can tell from the presentations. Garber’s novel is a lyrical, period love story set in fin de siècle Vienna (sample set-up sentences: “Anna worries about having a soul. Turn of the century women in Vienna worried about this sort of thing.”); Keller’s is the second volume in a cleverly written trilogy about women struggling with possession of their bodies and desires in the contemporary US (sample sentence about neon billboards on a nightclub strip: “Nipples pointed every which way, owing perhaps to the hasty way in which they were stuffed into the bra.”).

    Again the question is raised: why are these authors of very capably written, intellectually entertaining novels on the outside of the literary establishment?

    Noam Mor takes up the job of answering. His own reading has been of a disturbing piece of interweaving voices featuring at one point a rather John Hawkes-like description of a termite queen (sample: “Even after I beheaded her, she kept birthing.”). Today’s book marketplace, he says, is even more cynical and profit-driven than one imagines if one just sees it as having mainstream tastes and shunning the experimental. Rather, it appears to be entirely driven by sales and marketing strategies, ignoring (as Thilleman earlier suggested) concerns of the literary entirely. Sales reps see niches - the single career-woman niche, the young phenom niche, the celebrity-in-a-different-field niche, Father’s Day, Mother’s Day, etc. - and ask, does your book have certain properties? “Good books,” publishable commodities, are those books that appeal to these markets; lacking these, a book is unlikely to be picked up.

    Is it possible that the role of the small presses has expanded to the point where they are needed to save mainstream literature? Industry defenders might counter that, at a time when there are more books being published in the US than ever, we may have too many authors in the US - that is, more writers than there are readers to support them. But is this surfeit of authors, if such exists, a product of niche-marketing as opposed to a problem such marketing is an attempt to solve (after all, much of the new books in the overloaded marketplace seem to be of the Britney-and-her-mother-co-write-a-book-about-Mother’s Day variety)?See Amazon for Britney and Lynne Spears, A Mother’s Gift: a novel, here. Incidentally, so we’re all clear on how the bread is buttered, Publisher’s Weekly reviewed this title, but they have never reviewed a title published by Starcherone Books, despite our repeated attempts to contact them and follow their fetishistic review submission instructions to the letter. Are the interests of literature muscled out by the book industry’s more persuasive desire to get non-book-buyers to buy books (for instance, as happened with Harry Potter, where suddenly it was as important for every child to have these books for Christmas as it was in previous Christmases for them to have Cabbage Patch or Tickle Me Elmo dolls)?

    I often wonder whether publishing and promoting avant-garde writing, activities I’ve always understood to be forward-looking and progressive, aren’t actually conservative acts - not politically conservative, mind you, but conservative in the sense of trying to save, or conserve, culture. I have written occasionally about this tendency of late, calling it pastmodernism: “It’s strange to me what we do,” I wrote in an early entry of the blog Lance Olsen and I founded this past May, Now What: A Collective Blog of Alternative Prose Writers and Publishers. “We are forward-looking in an activity plainly our culture is leaving behind …. [I]n the position of salvaging, of casting backward, of recovery, of withstanding erosion.”

    We may have reached a moment in cultural history where a certain type of looking backward has become inseparable from and as revolutionary as so-called looking forward.

    Evening Gass & Afternoon Nambi

    “You first meet a painting like a pie in the face.”

    William Gass is well into the first evening’s reading of an essay that sometimes seems like a story, or a story that sometimes seems like an essay, or perhaps just a kind of linguistic variety show, which waxes lyrical at times and at others detours into limericks about nuns, sailors, and the Pope. It occurs to me that his particular talent is that different audience members seem to be reacting to different moments in his performance, perhaps as a result of the fact that what he has to say is evocative of all the materials and sounds and textures of what makes writing, art, and music alive for all of us, in different ways, as here attested by a man who has lived a life in the arts, and as a writer. Which is not to say that the seventy minutes he reads doesn’t seem like seventy minutes. It does.

    I am more taken the next day by the late afternoon performance of Nambi Kelley who reads, voices, and sings from her work as a playwright, including a hip-hop reenvisioning of Antigone, backed by jazz guitarist and drums. I fear this reading is going to succumb to preciousness at the start - “She got to bury her uncle but her brother doesn’t want her to?” - but soon the language and Kelley’s passion take control and lead to an artistic epiphany: the violence that seems so full of meaning in Greek tragedy experiences a sea change when transposed to the modern urban environment, the place generally characterized as one of “senseless violence.” Violence is violence: it is always senseless, and always brings about devastating and wrenching suffering and pain, as well as plots for revenge, the stuff of history and drama. As in much of Greek drama, the fight against war and killing is likely to be led by disempowered women rising above their socially constrictive roles.

    I think of Cindy Sheehan.

    Fiction Machines

    I drift back to my book table and check my cash cup. Little surprise, very few dollars have found their way there. I ask Tsipi Keller, who is now minding the Spuyten Duyvil table to one side of me, how they have done for sales. Very well, it turns out. I turn to the other side and ask Mikael And. He is also grinning. It is now clear to me that Starcherone has given up sales revenue so that I can keep up my schedule of attending numerous events, driven by the assignment to document this festival for electronic book review. Hear that, Tabbi? You owe my press money!

    As I fret about this, Dimitri Anastasopoulos comes by my table to remind me of a favor I promised him. I know Dimitri and his wife Christina Milletti from Buffalo. To my mind they are experimental fiction’s most striking couple: Dimitri tall and sturdy with curls of black hair that make him always look like he’s just returned from sailing; Christina with even more notable coiffure, pink at the moment, and thus visible in any crowd, as when Geoffrey Gatza and I once picked her out in the lobby of the Chicago Hilton during AWP from a hundred yards away and ascending, riding up the escalator and looking back, stilled as twin wives of Lot. Both are fiction writers, Dimitri the author of the novel, A Larger Sense of Harvey (lovingly called by Rain Taxi, “an eccentric high-dive into language” (Czyz)); Christina of the recently released short story collection, The Religious and Other Fictions. Dimitri now hands me a statement I am to read aloud prior to his reading with Dave Kress and Edward Desautels, “An Exhibition of Information Produced by Fiction Machines.”

    The statement challenges remarks made by British novelists V.S. Naipaul and Ian McEwan, to the effect that in the post-9/11 world we now live in such complex times that fiction no longer is as effective a means of rendering contemporary reality as nonfiction. The “fiction machines” designed by the Anastasopoulos, Kress, and Desautel are attempts to write different forms to embody “the complexities of today’s world” (Donadio “Irascible”) and to respond to McEwan’s desire “to be told about the world.”Similar assumptions are at work in McEwan’s formulation of the problem. Said McEwan, as qtd. in Donadio: “For a while I did find it wearisome to confront invented characters … . I wanted to be told about the world. I wanted to be informed. I felt that we had gone through great changes and now was the time to just go back to school, as it were, and start to learn” (“Truth”). The idea that fiction of necessity employs “invented characters” is put to the test if one’s examples of “novels” include those created by Ouredník, Martone, or David Markson, for instance. All the texts/machines have missing or occluded subjects and are the most varied and far-ranging in subject matter of any group of performances I’ve seen thus far. Kress’s involves the tale of a CD anonymously received in the mail, featuring music either from a band he himself was once in, or a “half-acoustic, half electric fiddle band from Finland,” and concludes with him reading a text with a band playing over the reading, with voices echoing between the music and text. Desautel’s piece is an “investigation artifact,” the instructional apparatus from a segment of the national security thicket, an exquisite piece of political paranoia, except that, as his own text says, “we no longer speak of paranoia in the pejorative … without paranoia there is no security.” Finally, Anastasopoulos reads from “A Notebook for Expectant Fathers,” which begins as a playful mock-scientific guide to the signs of gestation in expectant fathers, and becomes a parable of the demands of helplessness, the impossibility of doing anything when all you can you do is nothing, as your baby in the scientifically-visualized womb is seen gulping its own urine and a doctor intones knowingly, disturbingly, uninterpretably, “Your baby has an enormously large bladder that is grossly efficient.”

    It is now a kind of common currency to say that fiction is no longer as pertinent as nonfiction. Here, Rachel Donadio, in The New York Times: “Like painting, the novel isn’t dead; it just isn’t as central to the culture as it once was. In our current infotainment era, in which the line between truth and ‘truth’ is growing ever more blurry, readers thirst for a narrative, any narrative, and will turn to the most compelling one” (“Truth”). But Donadio and others of a mainstream bent quickly substitute “fiction” with an unproblematical form of “narrative” in such formulations, assuming realistic tale-telling. Here, a quote by Gass is appropriate: “The dominant form of the 20th century novel is the 19th century novel” (qtd. in Tomasula). Let me stray away from my usual attack on how mainstream publishing favors more transparent, easier narratives, and instead take a cue from Anastasopoulos to ask what is meant by this idea of nonfiction at all. If, as Berry has it, the role of innovative or experimental fiction is to lead us directly to contemplation of the fictive operations all around us - selection, editing, narrative position and bias, naming the structures of the world we are asked to accept as givens, etc. - where then do these things go, the very nature of how discourse is made, when so-called “fiction” disappears? The presumption that “nonfiction” somehow rids us of all the complications attendant to the making of any assertion is naive at best and at worst a recipe for How to (Continue to) Be Oppressed. Innovative fiction writers contend that Naipaul’s demands that writing reflect the complexity of today’s world require not the abandonment of artistic gestures but demanding and making more complex constructions than we are told constitute “the novel” at present. When fiction is seen primarily as an escape, a form of entertainment, then its ability to be relevant will indeed be questionable. Much small press writing deliberately configures its function as a serious one, involved with the national psyche, indeed perhaps with disabusing us of greater fictions which have gripped us as a nation, as seen above in Desautels’s appropriative language. Likewise, Spuyten Duyvil has taken to using the slogan, “Literature is not what a society pretends,” which simultaneously points to a great deal of fictionalizing, or pretending, going on in the culture at large, and to an antidote in the art of fictionalizing, the making of literature. A true literature invents out of the materials of culture and endeavors not ust to participate in but to reveal the fictions that frequently are foisted upon us for reasons of mystification, power, and profit.

    The End of the Day/End of the Night

    I am shot, the way one is shot at conferences and festivals of the intellect, where the mind spends all day as a Rock-em-Sock-em Robot, thudding and being thudded, getting your block knocked off and making noises in your head like a reel being quickly emptied of line, then having your block pressed back into place to resume being concussed with ideas. One more session. I sit at my table for a few moments and actually sell a few books. Chat. Yes, OK, now it’s time. People scurry away, the break between sessions ended, new ones are starting again. Dazed, I get up and stumble to the first classroom I see and open the door.

    It’s the door I entered seven hours ago to hear Tod Thilleman’s morning harangue. But now it’s transformed. Darkened, there is very little seating space: the room is jammed with people, boxes of books, a podium, a projector shining images on the screen, more boxes of books. A man is uncrating these and handing them out around the room. In the front of the room, opposite the speaker at the podium, a ballet dancer does stretches against the white dry-erase board then, finishing these, various dances. The projection directly onto the board features a man reading Brecht essays, aloud, but softly, so it is hard to make out words. In front of the projection is a TV, where we hear a woman reading what seems to be a foreign language, too softly for the words to be made out.

    At this point, a man enters the classroom, moves to the podium in front, and begins to lecture on the history of the theatre. I now recall that I had seen him seated outside the room as I made my way in. The man handing out books is now in front of me and hands me The Time-Life Book of Traditional American Crafts. Now, up front, the dancer gets atop a table and rolls around, not sexually, but certainly very physically. Another woman who had been off to the side now appears, wearing a fur boa, and begins singing a torch song. At this point I try to hear what the speaker is saying at the podium, and through the growing cacophony I hear, “Hiroshima,” “exploitation,” “peoples’ mutual relations.” He is now up to number 20 in what is evidently a series of theses. As more people now come in the door behind me, I am forced to move. I squeeze up toward the front of the room, where I climb up on a table that had been pushed against the wall to make room. I sit on the table with my back against the wall. The action I am now closest to is the singer:

    You love me
    You love me
    Then you snub me

    I laugh out loud. The projected video now shows a Chicago street scene. The TV shows yet another reader of some text, probably the fourth or fifth in succession. Jessica Treat is seated on my left. She turns to me as I madly scribble in a small black notebook:

    “What are you writing?”

    The answer isn’t as interesting as I’d like it to be, given the goings on:

    “I was asked to report on this conference for electronic book review.”

    A man I had previously taken for another audience member now begins playing discordant trumpet.

    Interpretation: Entitled “The Failure of Modern Politics,” the performance’s contention that, in essence, we are all in contemporary society overstimulated, preoccupied, and subject to too many competing claims was not particularly a new notion, and so I can’t say the meaning of anything in that room was startling. The theatrical experience, on the other hand, felt startling, and anything but exhausted. I felt unexpectedly elated.“The Failure of Modern Politics” by Stephen Lapthisopon, with Charlene Brooks, Stephen Burns, Mark Hanner, Tracy McCabe, and Eli Robb.

    But I now was that much more ready for an ending, and was looking forward to the evening reception. Soon, there I was, in a stately campus hall, at the far end of everything, greedily slurping chablis.

    The last thing I wanted was to be confronted by there was more art.

    But here again is Davis.

    I have not mentioned Davis Schneiderman, which is perhaps another demonstration of how far from the actual experience of an event a written account can be, because once I got North of Chicago, Davis had been everywhere. Review the tape. Here now at the start of the opening panel, before Gass, Jackson, and Kelley begin to speak, is Davis, welcoming us, thanking us for attending, giving thanks as well to the team of students, faculty, staff, and sponsors who have allowed the event to go off. Fast-forward as I arrive the next morning to set up my book table and here’s Davis again, directing traffic to appropriate places and offering coffee. Davis is at panels all day; Davis is making sure the equipment works; Davis is pointing us in the direction of local restaurants.Davis, too, is the author/editor of the ingenious anti-novel, Multifesto: A Henri d’Mescan Reader. One has heard all tales throughout an avant-garde upbringing of how this or that gesture in the history of the book has drawn attention to the physical objectness of the literary creation; Schneiderman’s Multifesto has a permanent footnote in my own mental catalogue of such: its covers are sandpaper, meant to insult whatever texts one places next to it on one’s shelf. And “Henri D’Mescan,” the previously little-known author-provocateur whose biography somersaults any attempt at easy synopsis, is also, by glorious coincidence, an anagram of “Schneiderman.”

    Davis finds the room where I am hiding out (with others, it should be said) away from whatever might be planned to take place and sheepishly tells us, “The performance is about to start.” Several times, so that there is no escape.

    Dutifully, the pack of academics and artists who were hiding out with me all move toward the central room in the hall.

    There we find LaTasha N. Nevada Diggs, poet, musician, and self-proclaimed “wannabe linguist.”

    The brief performance that follows is stunning. Diggs’s poetry, sung to her own accompaniment on electronic control panel featuring a sophisticated electronic delay mechanism called a “chaos pad,” is macaronic verse of words and phrases cobbled from phrasebooks of marginalized languages throughout the world: Hawaiian, Samoan, Cherokee, and others, infused with hip-hop strategies. Diggs herself comes arrayed for the occasion: an African-American woman from Harlem, she wears an ornate headress that makes her appear like some sort of pre-Western-contact shaman. The sound fits the look: like nothing else I have ever heard, I am first in line to buy her CD.An example of Diggs’s macaronic verse is seen and heard in “Gamelon” here, though without the electronic music background. &Now has surprised til the end.

    Final Judgment: The Lesson of &Now

    Don’t get tired. Creative enthusiasm in the spirit of any or all arts constantly reinvents and reinfuses itself. That is all you know and all you need to know.Somewhere in there was my own panel, presenting readings by

              61 Shamatha without a sign, part 4        

    Alan reviews the process of relinquishing control/agency in the 3 shamatha practices. Given the buddhist assertion that something true should appear truer with increasing scrutiny, the truth of emptiness is now reinforced with insights from modern quantum physics. Yet the insight in modern science does not appear to alter lifestyles and world views, whereas buddhist practice grounded in ethics, concentration, and wisdom do.

    Guided meditation (46:20) on projecting awareness up, right, left, down, center, release, and rest. This meditation should be considered a stretching exercise to help us understand that awareness is totally open, without center nor periphery.

    Questions (71:13):
    Q1) How can we overcome the lion at the gate of „I am the observer“?
    Q2) What are other methods to weaken the veils of luminosity in addition to oscillation in awareness of awareness?
    Q3) When does the birth process begin?
    Q4) What are the Tibetan terms for settling the mind in its natural state and awareness of awareness and their connotations?
    Q5) In terms of Hawking’s theory of the past as being in superposition, how is the present different?
    Q6) Can you clarify the terms appearance and perception, nangwa and nangyul, within the contexts of mind and space of mind and the 8 consciousnesses?


              57 Shamatha without a sign, part 2        

    We all experience taking voluntary action such as raising an arm. Who is the agent for voluntary actions? In Awareness of awareness meditation during the inversion into awareness, look for the agent who is doing the inversion and release.
    In the seen there is just the seen – Buddha said when you look at appearances you are not with them. Discussion of scientific views regarding physical world and its objectivity. Discussion of quantum mechanics. Anton Zeilinger’s position that nothing which exists is independent of our system of measurements. Alan presents other physics theories that he views supports the philosophical view of emptiness and refutes materialistic scientific views.
    Afternoon meditation (69:51) – Awareness of awareness looking for the agent of voluntary actions.

    Sorry, no time for questions this time!


                      
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    Sleep deprivation prematurely ages you by interfering with your growth hormone production, normally released by your pituitary gland during deep sleep (and during certain types of exercise, such as Peak Fitness Technique). Growth hormone helps you look and feel younger.
    One study has even shown that people with chronic insomnia have a three times greater risk of dying from any cause.
    Lost sleep is lost forever, and persistent lack of sleep has a cumulative effect when it comes to disrupting your health. Poor sleep can make your life miserable, as most of you probably know.
    The good news is, there are many natural techniques you can learn to restore your "sleep health."
    Whether you have difficulty falling asleep, waking up too often, or feeling inadequately rested when you wake up in the morning—or maybe you simply want to improve the quality of your sleep—you are bound to find some relief from my tips and tricks below.

    Original Article
    Check out Bayho.com for your Vitamin and Supplement needs! 

               Quantum Corp annonce trois nouvelles architectures pour optimiser les environnements de surveillance et de sécurité        
    Secuobs.com : 2016-04-19 15:43:35 - Global Security Mag Online - Quantum Corp annonce trois nouvelles architectures pour optimiser les environnements de surveillance et de sécurité, et résoudre ainsi les difficultés de stockage présentées par les nouvelles caméras fixes, le développement des systèmes de sécurité existants et la mise en œuvre de cameras mobile pour les forces de sécurité Les architectures de référence apportent les performances de stockage, la capacité et l'accessibilité qui sont les fondations indispensables que les clients et les intégrateurs - Produits
              Astracast Quantum Professional Twin Lever Brushed/Black Kitchen Sink Mixer Tap TP1003        
    Astracast Quantum Professional Twin Lever Brushed/Black Kitchen Sink Mixer Tap TP1003

    Astracast Quantum Professional Twin Lever Brushed/Black Kitchen Sink Mixer Tap TP1003


              Astracast Quantum Professional Twin Lever Chrom/Black Kitchen Sink Mixer Tap TP1002        
    Astracast Quantum Professional Twin Lever Chrom/Black Kitchen Sink Mixer Tap TP1002

    Astracast Quantum Professional Twin Lever Chrom/Black Kitchen Sink Mixer Tap TP1002


              I Have a Shipping Room! (Before & After)        
    After being in business for 9 years, I now finally have a dedicated room for my business.  It's mostly a shipping room but I'm also using it to store inventory and extra supplies, and to do my product photography.  I had to kick my eldest child out of the house to make this happen, but hey, you gotta do what you gotta do! 

    Okay, the truth is, I didn't really kick her out.  Her smart brain bought her a ticket to a bright future.  Can I just brag for a minute?  Tangereen graduated from high school in June with the following honors: International Baccalaureate diploma, Honored Scholar Award, Salutatorian, Distinguished Scholar, National Honor Society, University of Portland President's Scholarship, co-captain of Cleveland Cannibals OSAA state champion speech and debate team.

    She earned enough college credit during high school, including classes at PSU through the LINK Program, to earn her bachelor's degree in three years instead of four.  Tangereen is now attending a great University and majoring in physics. She has already been invited to do research in quantum mechanics next summer - how's that for a first job?


    So basically, she moved to her campus and is enjoying the dorm life.  Because she's still in Portland, we see her every weekend, and she either crashes on the couch or makes herself a nice blanket fort underneath my shipping table in her old room.  It works out just fine for everyone!

    We spent a good amount of the summer working on the big transition of having our child graduate, turn 18, move out of the house, and start college.  It was a pretty intense and emotional time.  I really jumped on the excuse to keep busy by completely cleaning and organizing pretty much my entire house.  Things were getting crazy anyway because Chuck got a computer and we decided to make him a little office space in the kitchen, mostly so he can listen to people reading history books and Tolkien lore on youtube while he cooks.  This meant the kitchen table was moved out to the living room and by the time that happened the house was upside down and there was nothing for it but to throw myself into a complete and total overhaul of the whole place.  I dusted every nook and cranny, organized every closet, set a fresh "free box" on the curb every night for a week, and still took a large haul to Goodwill. 

    Once Tangereen had vacated her room (with the exception of a shelf in her former closet where I'm letting her keep her personal craft supplies - of which she has a TON, mostly beads), I set about moving everything into the room that needed to be in there.  I previously had shipping supplies, craft materials, and finished products stored in various places around the house, including my closet and some areas of our basement.

    The key was to consolidate everything into one room and have it be nice and organized without spending any money.  My actual studio is still located in the nook in my giant master bedroom/home office.  That's where I do all the creating.  But now instead of having to clean up my art mess in order to have space to pack orders, I have a completely separate room for shipping and I could not be happier, especially going into the holiday season. And, I did not spend hardly a dime.  I was able to incorporate Tangereen's dressing table, wardrobe, and bookshelf, and Chuck let me have the 6' foot table, since we don't really need it in the band room anymore, as well as the record player, which no longer works as a record player but does have a radio and CD player built in, so I can get my NPR fix or crank up Social Distortion while I'm in there.  And of course I can spin a mandala on it any old time.

    I bought baskets for garbage and recycling from the dollar store (a total of $2) and scored a really great desk lamp on clearance at Office Depot for only $5 (normally $55!  I got it after these pics were taken but trust me, it's amazing).  That's all I bought!  I found a drawer unit on the side of the road which I cleaned up and am using to store odd-sized records.  I had originally thought about going to Ikea to get some really great shelving units and matching bins and things, but ended up not having to.  I didn't have to paint the room either, because it was already done in a great reddish pink with purple accents and matching curtains and that cool faux stained glass vinyl decal.  I decorated the room with things from my collection of children's art, jazz posters, Dartgun stuff and Eye Pop Art stuff.  I know it looks really cluttered but that's the way I like it: constant visual stimulation.

    BEFORE:

    You might notice there is a sewing machine in this picture.  It was given to me several years ago and needs a tune-up. At some point I would really like to take up sewing again.  Most people don't know this but I used to love sewing.  I did a lot of hand-sewing but also have made clothing and quilts with a sewing machine.  One of these days I'm going to get that machine working and start playing with it.  At least I was finally able to liberate it from the hall closet.

    In case you were wondering, the painted TV is a piece by our old friend and former Dartgun drummer Billy Brahm.  Many years ago we did a trade in which I painted his acoustic guitar in exchange for the TV art. It was only in there while I was cleaning and is now back in the living room where it belongs. 

    What you see in the photo above is the majority of my collection of Psychedelic Coffee Cups (not all of them - there are still plenty hanging from hooks in our kitchen ceiling).  I have a gazillion of them.  I can't even believe they all managed to fit in the living room.  Well, I decided that I really wanted access to my books.  The cups were all over the bookshelves, collecting dust and keeping me from ever being able to put a book back properly after reading it.  So I ran them all through the dishwasher (4 or 5 loads) and put them in boxes and crates to await their next adventure.  (And yes, I completely organized all of our books too.)

    I have been saying this for years - I really want to open up a vintage shop on Etsy for my groovy vintage cups.  I don't think it's going to happen before the holidays, but I'll definitely be ready to get started on the product photography and everything in the new year.

    Here are a few more "before" shots of the room as it got more and more filled with stuff:




    AFTER:

    Here's what the room looks like now.  I covered the table with brown kraft paper and left space on the other side so that I can utilize light coming through that window for photography purposes.  Most of my small supplies are stored in the drawers and in various little containers scattered about the surface of the tables.  Shipping supplies are stored under the dressing table and to the right of it.  Primed records are in a crate under the table, and inventory is stored in bins on the shelving units. 

    I found this drawer unit on the side of the road and it is now perfect for storing records - 45s on top, red records in the middle, and 78s on the bottom.




    I put up that bumper sticker that says "Small Business Creates Jobs" as a reminder to myself that this is, in fact, my job, and the only job I have, so I better make it work! (I was laid off from my nonprofit job in April so I am truly 100% self employed now.)


    Johnny Teacup just loves that brown paper on the table, and he likes to look out the window.





    See that psychedelic painted trunk?  It is crammed solid with my collection of gorgeous vintage fabrics that I have been accumulating for about 20 years.  Oh, when I start sewing...


    I finally found a home for my collection of crafty buttons!




    Oh the joy of having enough space to assemble 18 clocks at one time!  It's like a dream come true.

    Now let's bring on the holiday orders so I can make full use of this room!  Order from Eye Pop Art in November and get 20% off your entire purchase by entering the coupon code PORTLAND at checkout. Thanks for your support, and happy holidays!
              Living In A Shadow        

    When your grandparents/parents are really famous scientists, it makes you wonder how much you're going to live in their shadows.

    My grandmother was one of the main chemists that looked at the effect of additional ethyl groups on boiling point. Her work at Emory during the early 50s is now so incorporated into the way people understand organic chemistry that it is standard. For years, she was one of the people at NSF that decided who received funding. She presented and reviewed individuals presenting their research at the national academy of sciences. She taught more than 10,000 students in her time as a professor, and was head of the Phi Beta Kappa chapters everywhere she taught. She talks of all these famous theoretical and quantum physicists she knew and worked with as both fellow presenters and publication reviewers. In a conversation with her about neutrinos she smiled and laughed, recalling talking with Enrico Fermi and Wolfgang Pauli (on individual occasions, not sure if she had them in the same room) about the possibility of this atomic particle existing.

    And then you look at my grandfather. He (and my grandmother) personally knew Albert Einstein, and he worked with him during the late 1940s/early 1950s. He personally knew and worked with Dr. Richter. He was one of the lead scientists that worked on the development of tectonic theory and spent most of his life doing research on plate movement and its impact on weather patterns. He was Chairman of the National Academy of Sciences and helped design the Smithsonian Natural History museum geology section.

    While I realize it is silly to feel like you're always going to live beneath the shadows of great scientists, and on rare occasion has my grandmother ever made comment to my achievements or awards in comparison to them, but sometimes... when I look at what I'm doing in comparison to what they did in their lifetimes for their scientific fields alone (not including the rest of it), I wonder "Why haven't I done what they'd done by my age?"  and I wonder why I'm not as generalized as they were, working with these amazing and great scientists. This small part of me sits insecurely, constantly wondering if I will ever live up to my name or if I will just keep hiding from my association with their work. It's as though instead of being proud of what they achieved, I see it as a burden on my ability to excel in the world of academia due to the nepotistic judgement on the family members of scientists.

    At least I'm not a physicist in that regard (though a small part of me wonders why I'm not). 

    Please forgive the insecure ramblings. 


              GenericThinker on Recursive Self-Improvement        

    "The explosion in computing capability is a historical phenomenon that has been going on for decades. For "specific numbers", for example, look at the well-documented growth of the computer industry since the 1950s. Yes, there are probably limits, but they seem far away - so far away, we are not even sure where they are, or even whether they exist."

    The growth you are referring to has a hard upper limit which is when transistors are measured in angstroms, at the point when they start playing by the rules of quantum mechanics. That is the hard upper limit of computing that you are referring to. Now if we take quantum computing that may or may not take us further there has been a lot of work done recently that casts doubt on quantum computing and its ability to solve a lot of our computing issues. There are a lot of other possible computing technologies it is just not clear which one will emerge at the top yet.


              New Tarot Deck and Contest        
    In case you didn't figure out from the name of my blog, I am into Tarot. My second blog entry gives an explanation of why I went with this name.

    My new blog buddy Arwen over at Musings on the Tarot happens to be a professional tarot reader and today she has a special guest blogger. Kay Stopforth has done something really interesting in the realm of tarot. She has melded tarot with Quantum Physics. Together with Chris Butler, Kay has developed a new, absolutely beautiful tarot deck along with interpretations and a reading to go with it.

    This combination of tarot and physics may seem like an odd combination to some but to me it seems perfectly natural, in fact, ideal. As I commented to Kay I am an almost stereotypical Pisces (sun and moon), i.e. creative, sensitive, emotional, artistic (in my own way), spiritual, a dreamer, one who goes with feelings before thoughts, etc. I am also a Capricorn rising which means all that touchy-feely Pisces stuff is wrapped up in a somewhat serious, responsible shell. Also I'm very spiritual but I happen to work in a very scientific/technical field.

    You would think all this would cause some conflict and it does in some areas of my life, but in area of science and spirituality, in my mind at least, there is harmony. I think those two often opposing subjects fit together very well. Those things that fall under the heading of faith (such as life after death, "God", reincarnation, divination such as tarot, Reiki, even "The Secret" and Carl Jung's idea of synchronicity) all make a certain "sense" to me in a scientific way. And the deeper we delve into Quantum Physics the more sense it seems to make.

    I believe that the key to having balance and harmony between science and spirituality is in having a completely open mind. If you notice I've been saying "spirituality" not "religion". That's where the conflict comes in. When you try to force fit what's happening into a preconceived, man made religious doctrine it will never work. You may be able to squeeze a size 11 foot into a size 10 shoe but you won't keep it on for long and you'll probably end up with blisters. And putting any sized foot into a shoe that already has another foot in it is just impossible. When one enters the discussion absolutely sure that their position is right without question then that mind is closed to every other possibility. And what are we without possibilities?

    Go check out Arwen's blog and Kay's new tarot deck. Even if that's not your thing it's worth a look just for the artwork. Beautiful. While you're there leave a comment and you'll be entered in a contest to win a free Quantum Tarot reading from Kay.

              Acer Predator X27 Release Delayed        

    Earlier this year, Acer unveiled the monstrous Acer Predator X27 monitor. The Predator X27 boasts a 4K, 144Hz, HDR, quantum dot, G-Sync 27-inch display. As such, the monitor stirred up quite a buzz. While the display’s release date wasn’t announced, many expected a 2017 launch. However, Acer revealed that the Predator X27 isn’t coming to […]

    The post Acer Predator X27 Release Delayed appeared first on eTeknix.


              Episode 37: November 21st 2010 : Progress of Science through the Ages        

    Scroll to the bottom of this post to play the audio. On November 3rd this year, Professor Jim Al-khalili was to give three lectures in Liverpool on the same day (Quantum Physics, Advances in Mathematics in Medieval Islam and On the Shoulders of Eastern Giants: the Forgotten Contribution of the Medieval Physicists). I did feel […]

    The post Episode 37: November 21st 2010 : Progress of Science through the Ages appeared first on AstrotalkUK » Podcast Feed.


              FDR1675 Absolutism and Religion and Quantum Physics        
    Am I too aggressive with god? And what about quantum physics? Huh?

              é’春痘的最佳療法        

    青春痘是ㄧ種罹患率極高的皮膚病,在十多歲的青少年中罹患率高達九成以上。彭賢禮皮膚科診所 彭賢禮 院長表示,應依照痘痘的嚴重程度給予不同程度的治療,最常使用的是外用藥膏,有殺菌作用的抗生素藥膏,口服抗生素治療,口服A酸,荷爾蒙療法,這些都是安全有效的治療。

    近年來光照療法是痘痘治療中很熱門的研究領域。有治療痘痘效果的方式包括下列事項:

    1、藍光(動力光的藍光):作用機轉是殺死痤瘡桿菌,並且有間接減少發炎的作用,對於小顆的紅色痘痘,或是小膿包型的痘痘效果最好,對於巨大的囊腫型痘痘,或是純粹粉刺型的痘痘效果不佳。

    2、紅光(動力光的紅光):紅光的主要作用是細胞的活化作用,所以主要的訴求是用於回春,臨床使用的經驗顯示,對於以粉刺型為主的痘痘患者,在做完果酸加上清粉刺後,馬上加照紅光,可以刺激細胞的活性加速復原。

    3、除痘脈衝光(spa touch):具用殺死痤瘡桿菌,並且有間接減少發炎的作用,以及特殊的光熱療法,可以減少栓塞的粉刺;臨床使用上對於大顆的囊腫型痘痘效果不錯。

    4、脈衝光(IPL,Quantum):原本是用來回春,但是臨床使用上發現,對於痘痘具有殺痤瘡桿菌、減少發炎及減少油脂分泌,對於發炎痘痘的控制效果不錯。

    5、冷觸雷射(Cooltouch):原本是用來治療細皺紋、青春痘的凹洞、以及毛孔粗大。有國外的報告指出,對於發炎型的痘痘也有很好的效果。

    6、染料雷射(V-star):原本是治療血管病變為主的雷射,現在在臨床的應用包含許多方面,皮膚的回春、各種血管病變、青春痘的紅疤、對於發炎型的痘痘也有很好的效果。特點是,除了治療痘痘還有消除紅色痘疤的效果。

    彭賢禮 院長表示,目前的科技而言,個人認為口服A酸+擦藥膏+果酸換膚清粉刺是最強的治療組合。碰到頑固的囊腫病灶,可配合局部注射治療,或是Spatouch除痘脈衝光或染料雷射V-star治療。另外,以下的方式都是很好的治療方式:

    1. 口服藥物+擦藥膏+果酸換膚清粉刺+動力光

    2. 擦藥膏+果酸換膚清粉刺+動力光+全臉染料雷射或是脈衝光治療

    雖然光照療法是很好的輔助治療方式,但是治療方式的選擇,還需要依照患者的皮膚狀況,以及經濟能力來做選擇,畢竟光照療法是ㄧ種自費的治療項目。

     


              Badass Ladies You Should Know: Tanaya Winder        
    Imagine spending all of your work days supporting and empowering teens, using your MFA to teach creative writing, and organizing awareness-raising exhibits like Sing Our Rivers Red, then going home and thinking, "You know, I should be doing more. Lots more." That's exactly why Tanaya Winder is this week's Badass Lady: her day job alone makes her a badass, but she also dedicates her free time not just to her own art, but to making sure fellow indigenous artists can also access the field. From poetry to music, motivational speaking to motivating students, Tanaya's life and career are nonstop inspiration to others -- which is probably why she's one of NCAIED's 2016 "40 Under 40" Emerging American Indian Leaders.

    It's an honor to profile her here, and be sure to scroll down -- she's also giving away copies of her books!

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    cover of WORDS LIKE LOVE by Tanaya Winder
    Kate: Describe your career(s) and/or current projects. What path(s) and passions led you there?

    Tanaya: I’m in the practice of heartwork. I’m blessed to live a life doing what I love serving people I love. I’ve managed to carve a space in the world where I can have a career doing what I’m passionate about. My day job is serving as the Director of a youth program where I get to work with high school students to help them in their secondary and postsecondary success. I love helping them find, see, and embrace their potential. I also try my best to “walk my talk.” If I tell the youth I work with to pursue their passions and walk in this world with a good heart and good intentions, I do my best to exemplify just that. So in addition to Director life, I also travel the country as a performance poet and motivational speaker. I’m a published poet and learning how to navigate those spaces (given my administrative experience as a director) I decided to create an Indigenous artists management company and collective where I can help other talented Indigenous artists navigate those spaces as well. We support and uplift each other and also encourage others to find their passion and use their gifts to help build a better world. Sometimes I get to travel with them and open their music sets with my spoken word and singing.

    My current project is working on a Dream Warriors Artist showcase this fall where all of the artists I manage and work with can come together to debut some new music and collaborations. We have a dream to one-day help start an endowment for Indigenous communities to pursue art projects.

    Finally, I’m currently finishing up my first chapbook Why Storms are Named After People and Bullets Remain Nameless, which should be available for purchase by the end of May. Then, I go to work on my second full-length poetry collection.

    Given all those things, my life may seem like a bunch of random pieces but really they fit together in a beautiful mosaic where each piece relates to and feeds into the other. I love it.


    black and white image of Tanaya with sunburst
    Kate: Do you have any (other) creative outlets? How do they influence/affect your main work (if at all)? 

    Tanaya: Aside from writing I also sing. I’ve been taking vocal lessons for a little over a year now and it’s like therapy to me. I love learning new techniques and how something small like simply changing the shape of your mouth can affect the sound in big ways. I honestly think singing (and working on that craft) makes me a better performer. I incorporate singing into some of my poems, but I also think it helps with stage presence, feeling comfortable in my body, and finding other ways to connect with the audience. Out of all art mediums, music is the one that can heal across timelines. Learning how to practice that kind of healing makes me a better Director, writer, youth worker, and heartworker.


    Kate: What's your biggest challenge?

    Tanaya: Time! There never seems to be enough time to do all the things I want to do. I have so many ideas and I get so excited by them that I’ll try to do everything and sometimes (more often than not) I end up taking on more than I can manage. So then, learning how to maintain balance is my biggest challenge, but I’m getting there.


    Kate: Tell us about a time that you bounced back from failure.

    Tanaya: I don’t believe that anything in life should be named a “failure.” I think if you learned something from the experience then it wasn’t a failure, but rather a lesson in learning how to stretch more in the direction of compassion, acceptance, and love. For me, one of these moments that forced me to stretch into a bigger, more loving, more compassionate, more forgiving version of myself was after one of my best friends committed suicide. I felt like I failed by not being there, by not knowing, by not stopping it. It took me years to forgive and let go. And in that period of forgiving and letting go I made a lot of mistakes and inevitably, unintentionally hurt some people I love. But, I learned empathy. I learned to accept (and give) forgiveness and ultimately, I became a person dedicated to love and helping people I cross paths with see all their beauty, wonder, and magic. I try my best to be a mirror, reflecting all of the light one might not always be able to see.


    group of Tanaya's students holding her book and an eagle star quilt
    Kate: Tell us something that makes you proud.

    Tanaya: Seeing my students succeed makes me proud. I love seeing them continue on with their lives, accomplishing their goals, and pursuing their dreams. Seeing them shine makes me happy. I especially love it when a student may have been shy at first…like let’s say in a writing workshop I was leading, but then by the end of it they’re standing at the front, or even sitting in their chair sharing a piece of their heart with the entire class. That takes bravery! I suppose I’m proud knowing I played even a small role in helping them like I was able to be one thread in the fabric of their lives.


    Tanaya mid-jump with mountain in background
    Kate: What are the best ways to support other women?

    Tanaya: I believe the best ways to support anyone is asking them “what do you need” and “how can I help?” For women specifically, I think showing lateral love is super important and this can come through uplifting and empowering whether that be by offering advice, insight, or a safe harbor for her to just be. Uplifting can come through encouragement but also through sharing space by connecting each other to opportunities and even creating opportunities together. Showing someone that I see you and helping them feel and be seen in the ways they need is absolutely necessary. Everyone is going through their own battles or navigating their own storms and I think each of us has the ability to be a lighthouse for the other, to help guide each other through those dark times. My mother always said, “Be the kind of person who makes everybody feel like somebody.” I take that to heart in supporting other women in their heartwork because it is tough, difficult, and extremely vulnerable to feel, live, and love. When it comes to supporting other women in their emotional bravery, I want to embody revolutionary love by being just as brave.


    Kate: Who are some other badass ladies we need to know & why? 

    Tanaya: Right now every womxn in this collective I am a part of “Women Warriors Work” is a badass lady everyone needs to know because they are all setting positive examples of being – they are all doing necessary heartwork in the world. http://womenwarriorswork.org/

    And also these ladies below are doing some great work in the world to make it a better place.
    • Rowie Shebala – amazing poet and fierce performer. Definitely check out her spoken word 
    • Monique Aura and Nancy King - they’re both such dope art educators, muralists, and all around super talented badass artists!
    • Irene Vasquez – she’s the Director of Chicano and Chicana Studies at the University of New Mexico and this amazing lady does so much for her family, department, university, and community. I want to be her when I grown up :) 
    • Sharice Davids – She’s one of the smartest, driven women I know! It’s inspiring to see a young Native woman making a difference as a White House Fellow doing good work to represent Indian Country 

    Lightning round: Tell us what you’re…    

    reading: The Artist’s Way
    watching: Scandal
    listening to: Harry Styles
    doing: working on the manuscript for my 2nd full length poetry collection
    wearing: pajamas
    wishing for: more rain
    loving: life :)



    Tanaya giving thumbs up in running gear and race number
    Kate: What is your advice to aspiring badasses?

    Tanaya: Everything happens for a reason. Breaks you thought were heartaches were really the Creator helping you dodge a massive bullet destined for danger, rupture, and the darkness you crawled your way out of long ago. So let go. Let go of anything that didn’t work out the way you wanted because you know this – deep in your heart of hearts you know: you were born from a line of fierce women on fire who shine light in the darkest of places and heal those in need. And if people are afraid of you, let them be afraid – they should be because you are powerful beyond containment, the kind of free people dream of embodying and everything is coming together the way it was always meant to. Because you are destined for greatness. And anything you ever set your mind to, you looked yourself in the mirror and said, “we are going to fucking do this.” And you did. You did do it. So don’t stop now because you are meant to keep all of the promises you ever made to yourself.


    GIVEAWAY
    Win copies of Words Like Love and Why Storms are Named After People and Bullets Remain Nameless -- open internationally!
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    *

    Tanaya Winder is a poet, singer, writer, and educator, raised on the Southern Ute reservation in Ignacio, CO. An enrolled member of the Duckwater Shoshone Tribe, her background includes Southern Ute, Pyramid Lake Paiute, Navajo, and Black heritages. Tanaya writes and teaches about different expressions of love (self love, intimate love, social love, community love, and universal love). A winner of the 2010 A Room Of Her Own Foundation’s Orlando prize in poetry, her work has appeared or is forthcoming in Cutthroat magazine, Superstition ReviewDrunkenboat and Kweli among others. Her poems from her manuscript “Love in a Time of Blood Quantum” were produced and performed by the Poetic Theater Productions Presents Company in NYC. Her debut poetry collection Words Like Love  was published in 2015 by West End Press. Her second collection Why Storms Are Named After People and Bullets Remain Nameless is forthcoming later this year. Tanaya has taught writing courses at Stanford University, UC-Boulder, and the University of New Mexico. She has a BA in English from Stanford University and a MFA in creative writing from UNM. She is a co-founder and editor-in-chief of As/Us: A Space for Women of the World. She guest lectures and teaches creative writing workshops at high schools and universities internationally. Tanaya is the Director of the University of Colorado at Boulder’s Upward Bound Program, which services 103 Native American youth from 8 states, 22 high schools, and 8 reservations across the country. She continues to teach as an adjunct professor at the University of New Mexico. Winder co-founded Sing Our Rivers Red, an earring exhibit with 1,181 single-sided earrings to help raise awareness about the epidemic of murdered and missing Indigenous women and colonial gender based violence in the United States and Canada. Finally, she created Dream Warriors Management, an Indigenous artist management company and collective. Winder is a recipient of the National Center for American Enterprise Development (NCAIED)’s 2016 “40 Under 40” list of emerging American Indian leaders. You can learn more about her at: www.tanayawinder.com


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              The State of Accelerated Graphics on NetBSD/sparc, updated        
    This is an update to this post.
    Some new drivers were added ( cgtwelve, mgx ), others got improvements ( SX acceleration, support for 8bit tcx ).
    • Sun CG3 - has kernel support and works in X with the wsfb driver, the hardware doesn't support a hardware cursor or any kind of acceleration so we won't bother with a dedicated X driver. The hardware supports 8 bit colour only.
    • Sun CG6 family, including GX, TGX, XGX and their plus variants - supported with acceleration in both the kernel and X with the suncg6 driver. Hardware cursor is supported, the hardware supports 8 bit colour only.
    • Sun ZX/Leo - has accelerated kernel support but no X yet. The sunleo driver from Xorg should work without changes but doesn't support any kind of acceleration yet. The console runs in 8 bit, X will support 24 bit.
    • Sun BW2 - has kernel support, should work with the wsfb driver in X.The board doesn't support a hardware cursor or any kind of acceleration. Hardware is monochrome only.
    • Weitek P9100 - found in Tadpole SPARCbook 3 series laptops, supported with acceleration in both the kernel and X with the pnozz driver. Hardware cursor is supported. The console runs in 8 bit, X can run in 8, 16 or 24 bit colour.
    • Sun S24/TCX - supported with acceleration in both the kernel and X with the suntcx driver. A hardware cursor is supported ( only on S24, the 8bit TCX's DAC doesn't support it ).The console runs in 8 bit, X in 8 or 24 bit.
    • Sun CG14 - supported with acceleration ( using the new sx driver ) and hardware cursor in both the kernel and X. The console runs in 8 bit, X in 24 bit. The X driver supports some xrender acceleration as well.
    • Fujitsu AG-10e - supported with acceleration in both the kernel and X, a hardware cursor is supported. The console runs in 8 bit, X in 24 bit.
    • IGS 1682 found in JavaStation 10 / Krups - supported, but the chip lacks any acceleration features. It does support a hardware cursor though which the wsfb driver can use. Currently X is limited to 8 bit colour alhough the hardware supports up to 24bit.
    • Sun CG12 / Matrox SG3 - supported without acceleration in both the kernel and X. The console runs in monochrome or 8 bit, X in 24 bit.
    • Southland Media Systems (now Quantum 3D) MGX - supported with acceleration as console, X is currently limited to wsfb in 8 bit. No hardware cursor support in the driver yet .

    All boards with dedicated drivers will work as primary or secondary heads in X, boards which use wsfb will only work in X when they are the system console. For example, you can run an SS20 with a cg14 as console, an AG-10e and two CG6 with four heads.

    There is also a generic kernel driver ( genfb at sbus ) which may or may not work with graphics hardware not listed here, depending on the board's firmware. If it provides standard properties for width, height, colour depth, stride and framebuffer address it should work but not all boards do this. For example, the ZX doesn't give a framebuffer address and there is no reason to assume it's the only one. Also, there is no standard way to program palette registers via firmware, so even if genfb works colours are likely off. X should work with the wsfb driver, it will likely look a bit odd though.

    Boards like the CG8 have older, pre-wscons kernel support and weren't converted due to lack of hardware. They seem to be pretty rare though, in all the years I've been using NetBSD/sparc I have not seen a single user ask about them.

    Finally, 3rd party boards not mentioned here are unsupported for lack of hardware in the right hands.
    Graphics hardware supported by NetBSD/sparc64 which isn't listed here should work the same way when running a 32bit userland but this is mostly untested.


                      
    Teton Healing Arts proudly presents

    Dr. AMIT GOSWAMI, Ph. D

    THEORETICAL QUANTUM PHYSICIST
    June 22nd & 23rd


    There is a revolution going on in science. A genuine paradigm shift. While mainstream science remains materialist, a substantial number of scientists are supporting and developing a paradigm based on the primacy of consciousness.

    Dr. Amit Goswami, Ph.D, a pioneer of this revolutionary new perspective within science shares with us his vision of the unlimited potential of consciousness as the ground of all being, and how this revelation can actually help us to live better.

    Friday, June 22

    7pm • QUANTUM ACTIVIST FILM SCREENING
    Journey School • Tickets $10
    Tickets available at Valley Bookstore, Spirit Books and Teton Healing Arts. More information at 734-0222.

    The Quantum Activist tells the story of a man who challenges us to rethink our very notions of existence and reality, with a force and scope not felt since Einstein.

    This film bridges the gap between God and Science. The work of Goswami, with stunning precision and without straying from the rigors of quantum mechanics, reveals the overarching unity inherent in the worlds major religions and mystical traditions.

    Meet the man behind the message as Dr. Goswami tells how he moved away from the religious teachings of his childhood, to seek his path in nuclear and theoretical quantum physics, and how he has come full circle, through quantum insight, back to the very religious axioms offered as a youth.

    With a poignant relevance to the problems of our day this film follows Dr. Goswami as he demonstrates how our mistaken views of reality have led to our current environmental, social, economic and spiritual crisis; as well as the means of correcting these errors. At stake is nothing less than our survival upon the planet. The Quantum Activist is a film for our time. It is a film for all time. It is a film whose very subject transcends time.

    Witty, profoundly insightful and colored with humor, the Quantum Activist brings you Amit Goswami’s vision of the universe. Steeped in the verifiable facts of Quantum Mechanics, Dr. Goswami dares to pose the question, “What are you doing to participate in the creation of the reality we all share?”

    Saturday, June 23

    9am • YOGA WITH DR. UMA KRISHNAMURTHY
    Inversion Yoga • Suggested Donation $20
    Space is limited. Call 734-0222 to reserve your spot today.

    5pm • FEATURED PRESENTATIONS
    Healing of Emotions with Dr. Krishnamurthy
    Keynote with Dr. Amit Goswami
    Journeys School • Tickets $45
    Tickets available at Valley Bookstore, Spirit Books and Teton Healing Arts. More information at 734-0222.

    Keynote with Dr. Amit Goswami: Quantum Activism
    Scientific Evidence for the Existence of God is Already here, so What Are You Doing About It?
    Quantum activism is about transforming ourselves and our society using the transformative aspects of quantum physics.  In this workshop, physicist Amit Goswami will lead you through experiential exercises of quantum aspects of downward causation such as how to set intentions. In connection with the subtle dimension of reality you will experience your vital energy centers (the chakras) and chakra healing.  In connection with creativity, you will have a glimpse of “creative flow.”  Finally, Goswami will initiate you into quantum activism, a new integral (karma) yoga for reestablishing ethics in ourselves and in our society.
              The Riddle of Teleportation        


    The Riddle of Teleportation
    By Scott Corrales - © 2017 Inexplicata

    An interesting news item passed unnoticed among the never-ending news about terrorism, celebrity outrage or virtue-signaling. A Chinese satellite, the Micius, broke the 100 kilometer quantum teleportation record set two years ago.

    Micius - launched in 2016 as part of the QUESS program - was designed as an initial step at establishing a "global quantum communication network", sending photons at a distance of 1200 kilometers. A small step for a satellite, a giant leap for a new era in communications.

    But the concept of "teleportation" evokes unfortunate memories, such as the haunting 1950's film The Fly and the hideous commingling of scientist and insect. Even Star Trek's transporter room - one of the crown jewels of that beloved franchise - wasn't free of awful moments, such as the transporter accident in Star Trek: The Motion Picture (1979) early on in the feature. Fantasy has taught us that moving objects through space, and sometimes through time, is fraught with peril. Random teleportation is even more frightening: who would want to take a casual step forward on a city street, a country field, or in the safety of a school or office building, only to find themselves transported to a remote jungle, desert or the middle of the ocean? Suddenly appearing in medieval times wouldn't be a picnic, either. In an earlier article on the subject of bizarre relocations in space, we mentioned Isaac Asimov's "Pebble in the Sky", whose protagonist, Joseph Schwartz, suddenly finds himself on a future planet Earth where people are condemned to die at the age of sixty. The retired tailor avoids "stepping over a Raggedy Ann" doll to find himself in an empty field, looking nowhere like his native Chicago.

    In more recent times, the U.S. Air Force has commissioned the Teleportation Research Study (AFRL-PR-ED-TR-2003-0034) that includes a very interesting paragraph. "Very early investigations of, and experiments on, p-Teleportation occurred during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Many cases that were studied, and the experiments that were performed, were undoubtedly due to fraud, and few experiments have occurred under controlled conditions during that period [...] Psychics Uri Geller (1975) and Ray Stanford (1974) claimed to have been teleported on several occasions. Most claimed instances of human teleportation of the body from one place to another have been unwitnessed. There are also a small number of credible reports of individuals who reported being teleported to/from UFOs during a UFO close encounter, which were scientifically investigated (Vallée, 1988, 1990, 1997). But a larger number of such reports are anecdotal, whereby the witness data tends to be unreliable." It is nonetheless fascinating to look back at some of these early accounts of teleportation.

    The Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology gives us the intriguing case of Ofelia Corrales (no relation) and her siblings, who were seen to suddenly vanish from the living room of their early 20th century home in San Jose, Costa Rica only to reappear in the back yard. To their delight, without a scrap of fear, they were returned to the living room in the same manner. The bizarre claims were investigated by law professor Alberto Brenes, who wrote that children had been placed the greenhouse as part of a test. A loud report was heard, and when the living room doors were unlocked, they found the youngsters, whose ages ranged from seven to ten - standing single-file inside, laughing and discussing the experience. When Brenes asked them the manner in which they had been spirited away, the children described feeling a kind of "pressure under their arms" and then finding themselves in the place to which they had been taken. "Spirits" were deemed to be responsible for this activity, and researchers interacted with them.

    These were the years of spiritualism and the investigation of forces unseen to humans, conducted earnestly by persons of unimpeachable reputation. Frauds were unmasked, as could be expected, but other cases presented a challenge, such as the 1901 case involving Italy's Pansini family, where the teleportation phenomenon appeared to center around their son Alfredo. The youngster was possessed by "angelic forces" who instilled with mediumistic abilities and the less desirable attribute of being able to vanish suddenly from his home in Ruvo di Puglia, reappearing elsewhere in the town or in adjacent communities - in one instance, the boy found himself aboard a fishing vessel at sea. The case was the subject of research by Dr. Joseph Lapponi, a physician with ties to the Vatican, who included it in his book L'Hypnotisme et le spiritisme, étude médico-critique (Perrin, 1907). Teleportation bedeviled not only poor Alfredo, but his sibling as well. "Very often in a few minutes and in various ways, writes Lapponi, "the boys have found themselves successively at Biscelglie, Giovinazzo, Mariotta, and Terlizzi, from whence they returned to Ruvo either by the help of friends of the family or the public Authorities. One day the two boys were in the Piazza di Ruvo at 1:35 in the afternoon and at 1:45 were at Trani, before the door of the house of one of their uncles, Signor Girolamo Maggiore." The author adds: "It was concluded to useless to fight against the supernatural forces" and the boys were allowed to remain paranormal shuttlecocks, at the mercy of the unknown "angels." (The reader will allow a brief note at this point - the Alfredo Pansini of this disturbing paranormal case is not the Alfredo Panzini who went on to write the screenplay for the 1926 version of The Last Days of Pompeii, and who was a distinguished lexicographer as well).

    Spanish researcher Marcelino Requejo looked into a high-strangeness event that took place in Galicia, Spain’s northwestern corner. On May 7, 2007, Juan M.L. and Bernardo D.G. became the protagonists of a bizarre incident in the vicinity of Lugo. The events took place around 15:00 hours as they traveled in their car toward a saw mill located near the city. Apparently they were barely one kilometer from their destination at a location known as Piugos da Pena, and had just left behind a well-known automotive dealership, when the witnesses noticed a dense fog that appeared to emerge from their vehicle.

    They pulled over on the shoulder to see what was going on. The smoke vanished. Only seconds after continuing their journey, they realized that they were in a completely different location from the one they had been before.

    "We had no idea where we were," said Juan. "We were only meters away from the sawmill and we suddenly found ourselves next to a road sign that read: "Santa Eulalia de Bóveda". So, completely astonished, we decided to continue driving to Santa Eulalia to see if we could get to the saw mill from there."

    In the wink of an eye, they had traversed the 6 kilometers that separate the environs of the saw mill and the detour to Santa Eulalia de Bóveda. While they looked for the way back, both men witnessed an odd phenomenon: the Sun appeared to be right in the middle of a gigantic, smoky triangle.

    Aside from the notorious “Vidal Case” and its fictional trappings, one of the most interesting teleportation experiences on record is that of Carlos Acevedo and Miguel Angel Moya which occurred in Argentina in 1978. Both men were participating in the first stage of the Rally de America del Sur, an event involving a number of drivers and sponsored by major organizations. Much like the better known Paris-Dakar competition, the rally sought to test the limits of both man and machine by asking drivers to go from the Venezuelan capital, Caracas, to Buenos Aires.
    By the time Acevedo’s vehicle – a Citroen GS – reached the Andean resort city of Bariloche, he had lost his co-pilot, Hugo Prambs, and replaced him with Miguel Angel Moya. During the last leg of the rally, the drivers stopped for fuel in Viedma, Province of Rio Negro, and much needed coffee. At 2 o’clock in the morning on September 23rd, the race car was on the road again, heading toward Bahía Blanca (notorious in UFO and teleportation chronicles). At around 3 in the morning, Acevedo and Moya had reached the salt flats located to the north of Carmen de Patagones with Acevedo at the wheel.

    They were about to enter the pages of the history of the unknown.

    An overwhelmingly bright light became visible in the car’s rear view mirror. It was subsequently described as a “dense yellow light” which appeared at first as small dot, yet increased in size at it approached.

    The Citroen’s crew was not in the least bit alarmed, thinking the light represented the headlights of one of the other vehicles involved in the rally. Acevedo slowed down and moved over to the shoulder to allow the competitor to “pass”. The light had other intentions.

    According to the driver, the passenger compartment was bathed in light, blinding the occupants. Acevedo felt he had lost control of the Citroen, which was now six feet above the ground. In a split second of confusion, the driver thought the vehicle must have hit a bump on the road and become airborne, waiting for the inevitable crash as the car hit the paved road again. But the car kept rising into the air.

    In subsequent interviews, the racer would say that it took him a number of seconds to realize he was caught in an abnormal situation, unable to see his dashboard or even the car’s hood on account of the dense yellow light with a “slightly violet cast” to it. Turning to his co-pilot, he was stunned to see that Moya was “no longer there” or had become invisible.
    Moya, on his part, would later say that Acevedo looked rigid, with outstretched arms clutching the steering wheel, staring straight ahead. The driver appeared to be screaming, but nothing was coming out. The overpowering yellow fog had them in its clutches, causing enough fear in the co-pilot that Moya thought to bail, reaching for the car door handle. The door appeared to be welded shut as the temperature inside the passenger compartment increased. “Suddenly,” he told interviewers, “the light enveloped everything and I could see nothing whatsoever. I don’t think I could even see my own hands.”

    There was a shudder and Acevedo realized the car was on the road surface once more. The light dimmed and normal visibility was restored as the “object” – a cone of yellowish light – departed in a westward direction. Driver and co-pilot exchanged stunned looks, remaining silent. What unknown force had overtaken their car, and what was it after?
    Realizing that his first duty was to the car, Acevedo stepped outside to inspect the vehicle before getting back in and resuming the drive. Upon reaching a filling station in the town of Pedro Luro, north of Carmen de Patagones, they had a shocking realization: the distance between these communities was seventy-eight miles (127 km) and the odometer showed they had only covered thirty-two miles (52 km). However, the clock showed that it had taken them a little under two and half hours to cover a journey that should have taken an hour and fifteen minutes. Worse yet: the Citroen’s fuel tank – filled to capacity during their stop in Viedma – was now completely empty.

    An article appeared at www.Hoy.com in 2010 featuring corroborating testimony by two other drivers:

    “Race car drivers Edmundo Carvajal and German-born Lothar Ranft were the only Ecuadoran team to participate in the Rally Sudamericano held in September 1978.

    “Carvajal and Ranft finished the race, which was an accomplishment in itself for an unserviced vehicle. But aside from participating in the race, both shared an experience involving an alleged UFO witnessed by a pair of Chilean drivers. The unusual situation took place in the penultimate lap of the Rally, organized by the Automovil Club de Argentina.

    “We were leaving the Comodoro Rivadavia to Bahía Blanca leg,” explains the former tricolor driver, stating that the incident occurred during a normal stage of the competition. “A Citroen vehicle belonging to a Chilean businessman by the surname of Acevedo passed us before a curve, and this was followed by a very long straight segment, typical of the Pampas, some 80 to 100 kilometers long. I never saw him again after the curve. This drew our attention, because the vehicle wasn’t going that fast, to point that we couldn’t even see its lights.”

    “In the early morning hours, Carvajal and Ranft reached a filling station. They found Carlos Acevedo standing outside his car; co-pilot Miguel Angel Moya sitting inside, and many people surrounding them.

    “When we got there, we asked them what had happened, because we noticed they were extremely nervous. He told us that after the long straight segment, they saw a very bright light come up behind them; they thought it was one of the Mercedes Benz units that were winning the rally. They were about to pull aside to allow them to pass, but the light became more intense and didn’t pass them by – it placed itself above them.”

    “The light lifted our car,” Acevedo allegedly told Carvajal.

    “The light carried the car through the air for a few seconds, and at the end, they were deposited without a drop of gasoline in their tank near a filling station. Acevedo recovered from the fright, but his co-pilot was pale and in shock.

    “Skeptically, Carvajal noted that “it could have been a well-contrived ruse” but three things impressed him: “[Acevedo and Moya] arrived at the filling station nearly an hour and fifteen minutes before we did. This means an average speed of 4000 kilometers per hour. This was confirmed, because they took time to report the case to the local police. Their odometer showed that the vehicle had covered less than 70 kilometers. Add to that the co-pilot’s state of shock. One can make up stories, but it must be very hard to get into such a state on purpose.”

    “Once they reached Buenos Aires, the drivers of the Rally Sudamericano received their awards from Juan Manuel Fangio, the five-time World Formula One champion. There was a celebration later that evening. “We were in a group of friends talking to Acevedo. A lady approached and jokingly asked why they had made up the story about the UFO. They became annoyed with this person and decided to leave the party. Acevedo said that he was a serious businessman in his country and that discussing his experience could be harmful. But what they had experienced was indeed true.” (INEXPLICATA, March 10, 2010).

    Interest in abrupt teleportation was rekindled in 2017 as a result of news stories concerning the “Hermandarias Event” – an incident during which a teenager vanished within his own home, only to reappear miles away at a taxi stand, having contacted his worried relatives from that location.

    The incident occurred on Monday, 22 May, around 22:30 hours in the small and pleasant town of Hernandarias, Province of Entre Rios, Argentina. The situation: a family gathered together for dinner. A 13-year-old had been sent to another part of the property to fetch certain items. An adult gave him a hand in opening a door that presented certain difficulties and was in fact stuck, causing the boy to be delayed. The man struggled with the stuck door for two or three minutes, and upon turning around to look, he noticed that the teen was no longer there. Supposing he'd returned to the rest of the family, the man did the same. Confusion reigned: no one had seen the boy.

    Concerned, they took to the street as a group to find him, something that took the family less than ten minutes to accomplish when a cellphone rang. It was the teenager, saying he had no idea how he suddenly found himself at a "taxi stand". He described the location. Meanwhile, the police - which had already been alerted - identified the location and went to collect him. The youth did not understand what had happened. All he knows is that he was standing behind he was "blinded by a powerful light" and heard "a snapping noise", finding himself next at the place where he was ultimately found.

    Researcher Gustavo Fernández – whose investigative team has been granted exclusive access to the family – describes the main experiencer, identified only as “R.”, as a quiet, introverted fellow who interacts with a limited number of relatives and acquaintances, never leaving his home unless escorted by a family member, hardly the type of fellow who would pull a prank. Fernandez also dismissed suggestions that the experiencer “had run at top speed” from his home to the taxi stand in order to stage the deception.

    “No satisfactory theory exists to explain the mechanism of such events,” wrote Stuart Gordon in his compilation The Paranormal-An Illustrated Encyclopedia (London: Headline, 1992). “If indeed it is possible to take apart the billions of constituent atoms in any one body, then somehow transport them, or the information as to their organisation, to a distant point, there to reassemble them exactly in their former arrangement, this is a science unknown…or forgotten.”



              Email of the day 1        

    Well remembered! Chart Analysis Limited helped to popularise the use of price charts, if only to see what was actually going on in markets, and to also make behavioural assumptions based on the price action. We received plenty of leg pulling 50 years ago but the efficiency and weight of money logic behind price trends soon made Technical Analysis indispensable for traders.

    However, it is certainly a quantum leap (pun intended) to compare Behavioural Technical Analysis (BTA) to Quants. They have little in common. BTA monitors crowd action. Some Quants try to manipulate crowd action, which they can do with sufficient funds in leveraged markets.

    This makes leveraged trading more dangerous for everyone else. Within a decade or two, I think artificial intelligence will wipe out Quants, because it will know so much more about market action than the teenage Russian-born software engineer mentioned by Varchev.


              IBM thinks it's ready to turn quantum computing into an actual business         

    IBM is still in the throes of a major transition from physical hardware manufacturing to an almost total focus on knowledge based services. Artificial intelligence (Watson), and the tools to leverage that technology (massive & fast processing power) represent the key areas of focus in what is a new era for the company.


              Element Six Diamond Sculptors Push the Envelope From Lasers to the Quantum Realm        

    And it all starts with carbon – amazing.

    Look what lies ahead: “… quantum computers may theoretically be able to solve certain problems in a few days that would take millions of years on a classical computer. (Source: Nasa)”

    This era of accelerating technological innovation has only just begun. Moreover, it will only be limited by: 1) the availability of time on earth, which hopefully lasts for at least a few million more years; 2) human destructive instincts, hopefully kept in check; 3) more optimistically, the extent of human imagination and creativity; 4) the creativity of artificial intelligence aided by quantum computers.

    Unfortunately, E6 is not a publicly listed company.


              China to establish intercontinental ‘hack-proof’ quantum links with Australia, Europe        
    Preview Bolstered by the success of its first quantum communications satellite, China is eyeing the next steps in a quest to make a secure global network. It plans a series of intercontinental quantum distribution experiments with Australia and Europe.
    Read Full Article at RT.com
              It’s Obviously Delightful When The “You’ve Got Mail” Guy Is Your Uber Driver        

    There are few certainties in this world — we live, we die, that’s about it — but one thing is for sure: if the voice behind AOL’s “You’ve got mail!” greeting is your Uber driver, you’re gonna make him recite those famous words so you can post a video of it on the internet.

    A Californian woman had settled into an Uber she hailed over the weekend in Shaker Heights, OH, when her driver, Elwood Edwards, informed her that he was kind of a big deal, at least to anyone who had email in the ’90s.

    “I completely geek freaked and asked if he would do the video,” she told CNN.

    He agreed, and she captured Edwards uttering those famous words, posting the result on Twitter.

    “OMG OMG my @Uber driver in Ohio was the You’ve Got Mail voice Elwood Edwards!!! I made him say it in this video,” she wrote.

    Edwards’ voice ended up as the email greeting because his wife worked for a company called Quantum Computer Services in the 1980s, CNN explains, which eventually became AOL. She heard the CEO say he wanted a voice to notify people when they received an email, so she told them about her husband the voice actor… and the rest was history, earning him just $200 for the voiceover.


    by Mary Beth Quirk via Consumerist
              D P BuZZ - September 20, 2012        

    Join Larry Jordan and Michael Horton as they talk with:

    Eric Trabb, VP & Group Publisher, NewBay Media

    NewBay Media is the driving force behind Digital Video Expo, held this week in Pasadena, California. We talk with Eric Trabb, VP and Group Publisher for NewBay Media about why they feel trade shows are important, the relationship between trade shows and print magazines and what he sees as the future of our industry for the next couple of years.

    Jan Crittenden-Livingston, Product Line Business Manager, Panasonic

    Panasonic is showcasing its latest video cameras, but there’s a larger issue here: with so many cameras on the market, and with each camera becoming obsolete almost immediately, how do filmmakers decide which camera to buy? Jan Crittenden-Livingston, Product Line Business Manager for Panasonic Solutions Company, joins us for an extended discussion of which camera is the right camera.

    Jody Eldred, Producer, Director, Cinematographer, Jody Eldred Productions

    Continuing our discussion about picking the right camera, we talked with Jody Eldred just after he finished a premiere of the latest camera from Sony, the PVW-200. We talk about the the camera, but, more importantly, we talk about the challenges Jody has as a cinematographer of determining what’s the right camera for the job. When is the best answer to rent, rather than to buy? Jody has some very interesting opinions about this.

    Doug Mullin, Western Regional Sales Engineer, JVC

    It’s been a while since JVC was on The Buzz. We caught up with them at DV Expo and talked with Doug Mullin, Western Regional Sales Engineer for JVC, about their latest cameras. Did you know JVC now has WiFi to beam images from the camera directly to your hard disk? Some very cool cameras at a very attractive price, as you learn when you listen to Doug.

    Mario Di Leo and Alessandro Di Leo, Cinematographers, The Ready Rig

    As cameras get smaller and move off the shoulder, they also get harder to hold and to shoot. The Ready Rig is a very clever contraption invented by Mario Di Leo, cinematographer for shows like Battlestar Galactica, Hardcastle and McCormick, Murder She Wrote and dozens of others. This shoulder-based rig works with small and medium cameras to provide a solid shooting platform, with a wide range of shooting angles from low to high, left to right, even upside down! In this interview, Mario Di Leo and his son, Alessandro Di Leo, explain the benefits of this new system.

    Bruce Master, Senior Program Manager for Tape Storage at IBM, and Paivi Juvonen from Quantum.

    Archiving is another essential element of post-production and the current favorite archiving technology is LTO-5. We talk with two members of Ultrium, the LTO consortium: Bruce Master, Senior Program Manager for Tape Storage at IBM, and Paivi Juvonen from Quantum. Our conversation starts with the current state of LTO-5, then moves into a discussion of the upcoming LTO-6.


              D P BuZZ - September 29, 2011        

    Join Larry Jordan and Mike Horton as they go live to the trade show and talk with:

    Karen Everett, Founder, NewDoc Editing

    Karen Everett is a documentary story consultant. She helps documentary producers figure out how to craft their stories to catch the eyes of distributors and viewers. She has discovered there are two “templates” that are very successful today and, after she gave her presentation at the Digital Video Conference, we sat down with her to learn the highlights of her approach.

    Bruce Masters, Senior Program Manager, IBM

    Increasingly, producers are turning to LTO tape for archiving projects. In fact, some networks are now accepting LTO for final program delivery. Bruce Masters, Senior Program Manager for IBM discusses Ultrium – the consortium of IBM, HP, and Quantum that are the driving force behind LTO. What is it? How can it help us? And where is it going in the future?

    Mark Pastor, Strategic Business Manager, Quantum

    Whitney Lippincott, Business Alliance Manager, HP Storage

    Bruce Masters set the scene about LTO tape. Mark Pastor and Whitney Lippincott provide specific examples of how it is being used in the real world. We also spend time talking about specific techniques you can use to be successful using LTO tape to archive and access your projects.

    Sam Thomas, Business and Development Manager, Petrol Bags, Division of Vitec Group

    Petrol Bags is relatively new to the industry. If you need to carry cameras or other gear from one place to another, these are products you need to check out. Sam Thomas joins us to talk about their newest bag – the Cambio – which provides a built-in tripod and internal lighting system!

    Ned Soltz, Contributing Editor, DV and Videography magazines

    What can we say? It’s Ned Soltz. Ned looks at the new camera technology on display at DV Expo with an eye on showcasing new cameras and camera accessories and his surprising discovery of removable lenses for the iPhone 4!

    Doug Pircher, General Manager, International Supplies

    Every year at Digital Video Expo, Doug Pircher introduces us to products we’ve never heard of that become part of our regular production tools. This year is no exception – Doug has scoured the earth to find a great collection of intriguing products that can simplify your life — or at least make it more fun.

    Larry Laboe, Executive Director, NewFilm Makers – Los Angeles

    It is easy, at a trade show, to get totally captivated by technology. But the purpose of filmmaking is to make films that other people want to watch. That’s where Larry Laboe comes in – he heads New Filmmakers – Los Angles, an organization that is part user group and part film festival. And a GREAT place to see films. Join us as Larry explains.


              William H. J. Hubbard, “Newtonian Law and Economics, Quantum Law and Economics, and ...”        
    “Newtonian Law and Economics, Quantum Law and Economics, and the Search for a Theory of Relativity” At this law school, “law and economics” is a mantra. But what is the “economics” in “law and economics”? There is a tendency to see research on cognitive biases and bounded rationality (“behavioral economics”) as challenging or even overturning an approach using models of rational behavior (“neo-classical economics”). With the help of an analogy to physics, I argue that such a view disserves both the enterprise of neo-classical economics and the promise of behavioral economics, and I define present and future challenges for the economic analysis of law. William H. J. Hubbard is Assistant Professor of Law at the University of Chicago Law School. This talk, the 2015 Coase Lecture in Law and Economics, was recorded on April 14, 2015.
              Remedy and Nvidia Team Up To Create Superb Facial Animations        

    Remedy Entertainment (Alan Wake, Quantum Break) and GPU manufacturer Nvidia have teamed together in an effort to improve and streamline facial motion capture and animation for video game development. Showcased at the annual SIGGRAPH conference on computer graphics, Remedy’s team fed videos of actors performing into a deep learning convolutional neural network running on Nvidia’s […]

    The post Remedy and Nvidia Team Up To Create Superb Facial Animations appeared first on Only Single Player.


              Mantido decreto de prisão contra devedor de alimentos que recusa pagamento por motivos “egoísticos”        
    A 2ª câmara de Direito Privado do TJ/SP negou provimento a agravo interposto por um devedor de pensão alimentícia contra decisão que suspendeu momentaneamente o decreto prisional contra ele, sem revogá-lo, concedendo prazo prorrogável de 10 dias para o adimplemento do débito.
    A ação de execução de alimentos está em fase de cumprimento de sentença. E, no caso, se discute a hipótese de renovação da prisão relativa a prestações que venceram no curso da mesma execução.


    Os pagamentos já foram reconhecidos como devidos por decisão do TJ/SP, sob a relatoria do desembargador Neves Amorim, até o trânsito em julgado da apelação da ação de divórcio, onde anteriormente havia sido decretada e cumprida a pena de prisão de 30 dias, sendo decretada nova pena de prisão de 30 dias por débitos posteriores.
    O recorrente alega que não possui condições financeiras de pagar R$ 449.993,75 a título de pensão alimentícia e que seria inviável nova ordem de prisão relativa ao inadimplemento da mesma dívida. Além disso, afirmou ter oferecido imóvel a título de dação em pagamento. No agravo, ele pede que seja mantida a suspensão da ordem da sua prisão civil até o julgamento definitivo do recurso, e a reforma de decisão para que não se autorize a prorrogação ou novo decreto de prisão pelo débito que já o levou ao cárcere.
    Relator do recurso, o desembargador Alcides Leopoldo e Silva Júnior pontuou que o § 7º do art. 528 do CPC/15 estabelece que o débito alimentar que autoriza a prisão civil é o que compreende até as três prestações anteriores ao ajuizamento da execução e as que se vencerem no curso do processo, o que, segundo o magistrado, confirma o entendimento consolidado pelo STJ na súmula 309.
    Para ele, não há ilegalidade na prisão decretada, o que não se altera pelo conteúdo do recurso. Ressaltando que o STF admite a possibilidade da prisão civil por alimentos, mesmo após o ingresso do Pacto de São José da Costa Rica no direito nacional, o desembargador afirmou que que "a privação da liberdade não tem caráter punitivo, mas persuasivo, por presumir-se que o devedor tem condições de solver a obrigação, mas é renitente por motivos egoísticos, como ocorre no caso".
    “O alimentante é empresário rural de grande porte, e para tanto contrai empréstimos de alto valor, havendo informações às fls. 302/318 dos autos principais do recebimento da importância de R$ 2.340.279,91, relativo ao fornecimento de laranja a uma indústria no ano de 2012, admitindo que possui 31 funcionários fixos e 279.483 árvores cítricas distribuídas por sete fundos agrícolas, não afastando a presunção de solvabilidade pela pena de prisão anteriormente cumprida, chegando a oferecer imóvel em dação de pagamento.”
    O mesmo entendimento também foi o da juíza de Direito Lizianne Marques Curto, da 1ª vara da comarca de Itápolis, que na execução de alimentos, acolheu parcialmente pleito da exequente para que o prazo de prisão civil do executado fosse prorrogado.
    Para ela, a prorrogação é cabível no caso, pois o não pagamento do valor dos alimentos pelo executado não se deve à falta de recursos, “mas à resistência injustificada certamente oriunda da exacerbada litigiosidade existente entre as partes”.
    “Assim, cabível exclusivamente a concessão de um prazo razoável para pagamento do débito, tendo em vista o seu "quantum", antes do decreto da prisão. Desse modo, concedo ao executado o prazo improrrogável de 10 dias para o adimplemento do débito.”
    O número do processo não pode ser divulgado em razão de segredo de justiça.

    FONTE: Migalhas

              2016 Awards Eligibility        
    2016 has been a quieter year story quantity wise, but I feel my writing quality has taken a big step forward.

    If you feel compelled to nominate any of my stories (thank you) for local (the SJVs) or international consideration (Tiptrees, Nebulas, Hugos, hey, a girl can dream), then here are what I believe are my best works of the 2016 calendar year:

    "An Atlas in Sgraffito Style", Shimmer Magazine, May 2016. A lovely-strange piece about cities colliding, merging, and eating themselves, and the women who try to hold them together through paint and riot. Still immensely proud of this story.

    "Splintr" At The Edge, edited by Lee Murray and Dan Rabarts, Paper Road Press, June 2016. Another weird piece, all sharp edges and strange prose. Aliens evacuate a doomed Earth, leaving one person behind. Are the multiple narratives part of a fracturing personality under pressure, or is the strange apocalypse doing something to time on the quantum level?

    "Shadow Cat's Apprentice, and the Wanderer's Almanac to Biliousness in All Its Forms" Andromeda Spaceways, Issue 64 September 2016. A fun story, the prequel to "Long's Confandabulous Circus" in ASM last year. Cats, magic, sewers, sinister shadow assassins, oh my.

    Thanks for coming along on the ride this year.

    Bow Tie Kitteh Got Game







              Bond Is Back 邦德回来了        
    在线收听节目 Devil May Care New Bond Book 肆无忌惮,不顾一切 邦德新书 Daniel Craig and Olga Korylenko are filming Quantum of Solace Fans of James Bond have been thrilled with the release of the new Bond book Devil May Care, which was published on 28
              SXSW Twitter Panels        

    There has always been a strong connection between Twitter and South by Southwest, since Twitter took the festival by storm in 2007 and won the web award. Four years later, the relationship is still as strong as ever, both as a community platform and as a subject.  There are 43 twitter related panels that are currently proposed for SXSWi 2011!  All listed below with descriptions from the panelpicker, certainly something for everyone. Voting ends at 11:59 CDT on Friday, August 27.

     

     

    Teaming Up On Twitter Is Great For Business

    Kendall Morris, Fahrenheit
    We’ve seen Twitter grow from infancy to a major player in 4 short years. Where is it going next a... READ MORE We’ve seen Twitter grow from infancy to a major player in 4 short years. Where is it going next and how can businesses get the most from it? When a big business stakes a claim in the Twitterverse it can quickly become a full time job for one or more people to manage the conversations, content, relationships and resolutions. Twitter teams are often a solution but learning how to manage the team can be a big challenge. Identifying the right approach for your business is critical to the success of your program. Is it better to have one handle with multiple people behind it or many handles with common branding? Twitter has been beta testing a feature called “Contributors” that could be a boon to businesses. It allows for the benefits of individual profiles as well as a unified branded voice. There is also great potential to marry “Contributors” with “Places” for a customer experience that is personalized and highly relevant to the consumers needs. Tools developed by Hootsuite and Co-Tweet have team oriented capabilities that help develop a unified voice for your brand as well as the ability to manage multiple people working towards a common goal. Leveraging the resources available can really gain a big return for businesses looking to use Twitter to their best advantage.
    Branding / Marketing / Publicity Business Strategy, twitter

     

    Building with Twitter – How to Dominate the API

    Vishal Sankhla, Viralheat
    Few API’s spew out as much data as Twitter’s does, and few come anywhere close to its popularity... READ MORE Few API’s spew out as much data as Twitter’s does, and few come anywhere close to its popularity with developers. But it’s not a walk in the park. It takes a lot of careful design and experience to build apps that please users even when Twitter is overloaded or the API’s limitations get in your way. In this panel, we'll talk about lessons from developers in the field who have tapped into Twitter’s API successfully. The panelists will share their technical and strategic tips for how to build applications with the API that perform consistently, reliably and innovate beyond basic uses. If you’re thinking about using the Twitter API for the first time or are a seasoned pro – this panel will be an insightful discussion about the techniques and strategies that help you make the most of it.
    Web Apps / Widgets Application development, how-to, twitter

    How to Revolutionize Healthcare with Clever Twitter Applications

    Tal Friedman, lifeaftercancer.wordpress.com
    Want to learn how to use Twitter as a game-changer in healthcare? Find out how we can go way beyond... READ MORE Want to learn how to use Twitter as a game-changer in healthcare? Find out how we can go way beyond just tweeting at, following and friending doctors, nurses, patients and caregivers and actually BUILD applications and communities to make a quantum leap forward in how we communicate our healthcare needs, share tips and gather information we can trust. I'll show you sample Twitter applications that make clever use of lists, private accounts and even Twitter bots to revolutionize healthcare in the 21st century.
    Health applications, Health , twitter

     

    Secrets of Fake Twitter Accounts Revealed (maybe)

    Jasper Slobrushe, @JasperSlobrushe
    The most dead-on social commentary of the BP gulf oil spill came in the form of a parody Twitter acc... READ MORE The most dead-on social commentary of the BP gulf oil spill came in the form of a parody Twitter account—who would have thought? Much has been made of the potential for social media to promote brands, but what if you don't have one? Many folks haven't let that stop them, either inventing or taking on the persona of an existing company or public figure. What's the point? The panelists will discuss exactly that.
    Social Networking fake, parody, twitter

    Pets, They Are Atwitter

    Sloane Kelley, BFG Communications
    Thousands of pets, animal owners and businesses make up an ever-growing and active niche community o... READ MORE Thousands of pets, animal owners and businesses make up an ever-growing and active niche community on Twitter, where some have even gone so far as to create Twitter personalities for their pets. This group of “anipals” (as they’re known on Twitter) and their owners are in constant communication, entertaining one another, building relationships and sharing information. What other Twitter communities can boast a band (The Shibbering Cheetos @ShibberingC), a newspaper complete with advice columnists (The Anipal Times @anipaltimes), and even a suave government spy (@JamesBondTheDog). The group also uses Twitter to organize virtual and real world events, many of which have a charitable tie-in. Tens of thousands of dollars have been raised for animal-based charities thanks to this very passionate community and its series of “pawties.” For years, the web has made it easier for niche groups like this to communicate but social media and Twitter, in particular, have made it even easier and more fun. This session will take you behind the curtain into Twitter’s animal community, its organic rise and the people who’ve made it happen. We’ll also talk about what other niche groups can learn from “anipals” on building community and making a difference.
    Community / Online Community Charity, pets, twitter

    Using Twitter to Improve College Student Engagement

    Reynol Junco, Lock Haven University
    While faculty and staff at higher education institutions have experimented with the use of social me... READ MORE While faculty and staff at higher education institutions have experimented with the use of social media, there has not been a concerted effort to integrate these technologies in educationally-relevant ways. Emerging research in the field of social media, student engagement, and success shows that there are specific ways that these technologies can be used to improve educational outcomes. This presentation will focus on reviewing and translating research on the effects of Twitter on college students into effective and engaging educational practices. Background research on the psychological construct of engagement will be provided and will be linked to engagement in online social spaces. In addition to presenting cutting-edge research on how to create engaging and engaged communities, the presenter will review specific ways that Twitter can be used in the classroom and the co-curriculum. The presenter will discuss how academicians can hack existing technologies, specifically Twitter, for educational good and will present the results of his latest research on the effects of Twitter on student engagement and grades.
    Education Engagement, Higher Education, social media

    Building Relationships -- and Revenues -- Through Twitter

    Justin Goldsborough, Fleishman-Hillard
    10 ways to profit off of Twitter participation without a book deal, sponsorship or selling your star... READ MORE 10 ways to profit off of Twitter participation without a book deal, sponsorship or selling your startup. We're all asked to justify the ROI of our time spent on Twitter. Some people land book deals. Others get sponsors. But the rest of us can also make a profit off our tweets. Anyone can do it, and you don't need 60,000 followers. This presentation will show you how to increase billings, drive new business, get better customer service and even find a job in 140 characters or less. The presenters co-moderate #pr20chat on Twitter, a weekly conversation about technology's influence on communication. We can directly tie increased business revenues to our participation in the chat and engagement in social media.
    Entrepreneurism / Monetization #pr20chat, Social Media ROI, twitter

    Startup Marketing: It's More Then a Twitter Account

    Saul Colt, Saul.is
    Have you ever looked at the Sky Mall catalog and say to yourself "How have I gone this long without ... READ MORE Have you ever looked at the Sky Mall catalog and say to yourself "How have I gone this long without an ankle air conditioner?" Probably not but the fact is that there are a lot of start ups and more will be formed before you finish reading this description. It's getting harder and harder to get the attention you need to prosper and reach your prospective audience but that doesn't mean it is impossible! This talk is going to cover a few tricks and tips for actually marketing your business from a start up perspective and you may be surprised that this talk isn't going to be all about Social Media!
    Branding / Marketing / Publicity marketing, Startup, twitter

     

    Twittering with Bedouin; Delivering Social Media to All

    Darrin Husmann, lalaOKC
    This presentation will address the social and technical issues surrounding the development of a semi... READ MORE This presentation will address the social and technical issues surrounding the development of a semi-ubiquitous social networking platform. It encourages participation by understanding participant motives, culture and technology. Current social media platforms are limited in their ability to decrease opportunity costs and provide value by requiring specific platforms, interfaces, access to technology, expectations of a certain level of education (or knowledge) and/or cultural outlook. Many of the social media platforms use the influence of market exclusivity to create demand; effectively omitting large segments of users by design. I will discuss and demonstrate an application that seeks to dramatically expand the availability of social networking, across limits in technology, cultural changes and demographics. This application will unify emerging & current technology with third world communication networking platforms. The goal is not to provide everyone with HTML 5, it is to effect real-time communication across a larger segment of humanity. This application will integrate intelligence and social media platforms in a manner that is holistic with the consumers tastes. The efficacy of this program will be demonstrated/discussed with coupons, sms and a micro business. It will be fun.
    Accessibility Culture, marketing, social media

     

    Twittersex: Tweet Me for a Good Time. #oxytocin

    Jennie Chen, Chenergy Consulting
    The internet isn't just the information highway anymore. The internet is a place where relationships... READ MORE The internet isn't just the information highway anymore. The internet is a place where relationships can start and communities are built. With the growing popularity of social media, it is increasingly socially acceptable to make relationships in real life with people we meet online. Online dating is no longer taboo, though many people still feel that a genuine connection and chemical spark can't be started merely through online interactions. Cybersex is one way that the human body can be sexually aroused through online interaction, and now there's growing evidence that biological changes related to emotional bonding (not just sexual pleasure) can be stimulated through online interactions. Oxytocin, known as the "cuddle hormone", is released during bonding moments and social support, which includes physical touching. There is now evidence that oxytocin is released when interacting with others via Twitter, perhaps with users that one has not yet met in real life. This shows that intimate relationships, both emotional and physical (in the form of foreplay and sexual arousal), can be started online. However, there is more to getting the hormonal relationship juices to flow than just flirting on the internet. We'll explore how social interactions can release various types of hormones. Learn how that translates into developing romantic and businesses relationships using social media tools.
    Online Relationships hormones, Relationships, social media

     

    Using Twitter and related technologies as research tools

    Elizabeth Winkler, University of Texas at Austin
    Our goal is to present new research techniques which the academic world has developed that can benef... READ MORE Our goal is to present new research techniques which the academic world has developed that can benefit the industry in areas such as market research, advertising, and consumer relations management. Blending together computational linguistics, natural language processing, computer science, marketing, and advertising the panelists have managed to use Twitter and other social media for research. The results, and the processes leading to them can greatly benefit the industry. The panelists are world renowned professors know to be at the forefront of technology as well as the Online Managing Editor of the Massachusetts' Institute of Technology (MIT)’s Sloan Management Review, a publication targeting top industry executives.
    Social Networking machine learning, market research, natural language processing

     

    Twitter Killed Christmas & Other Social Media Myths Dispelled

    Vikki Chowney, Reputation Online
    This session will look at ways in which various companies that have seen customer service problems t... READ MORE This session will look at ways in which various companies that have seen customer service problems turn into serious online crisis might have responded and how social media could then have succeeded in turning a negative into a positive. Many 'social media fails' turn out to be nothing to do with the new technologies shaping this young industry, but a lack of response to customer complaints. Here at Reputation Online, we've become increasingly frustrated with the sensationalism surrounding some of these situations and want to start talking about the real cause of so many issues - customer service. The past 12 months has seen the Twitter-obsessed social media industry stuck in a kind of never-ending loop, in which the same mistakes are being made by different brands. In the UK we've seen high-street stationer Paperchase accused (but subsequently deny) plagiarism of a designer's work before denouncing the situation as proof of the 'dangers of Twitter'. Eurostar faced criticism for not using Twitter during Christmas 2010 when people were stuck on a train somewhere between London and Paris, and even Nokia failed to spot a filmmaker's complaint in the midst of a copyright debacle. Editor of Reputation Online - Vikki Chowney - will re-imagine some of the high-profile 'fails' that have seen their fair share of negative press as if customer service had been established as the primary objective of the brands involved. We're sure we'll have Tony Hsieh's vote on this one at least.
    Online Relationships customer service, reputation, social media fail

     

    Making Money on Twitter: The Story of @DellOutlet

    Ricardo Guerrero, Social Media Dynamo
    Dell is the case study most often sited regarding successful sales strategies via Twitter. In Decemb... READ MORE Dell is the case study most often sited regarding successful sales strategies via Twitter. In December 2009, Dell released numbers indicating it had made $6.5M dollars since starting their Twitter sales accounts 2.5 years earlier. Specifically, the Dell Outlet started them on this path with the launch of the @DellOutlet account in June 2007, and it was predominantly @DellOutlet that drove those sales and established a model for use by other Dell departments and regions. Although a lot has been written in blogs about this case study, much of it has been opinion pieces and has rarely, if ever, included the perspective of the founders of @DellOutlet. The purpose of this panel is to highlight both the history of this Twitter success story from the perspective of the individuals who came up with the approach and helped grow it as well as sharing lessons learned that can be applied at other organizations, large and small. Ample time will be allotted for questions and dialogue with (and hopefully amongst) attendees of this session.
    Social Networking Dell, twitter

     

    OMG, My Customer’s Pissed and Uses Twitter

    Rob LaGesse, www.rackspace.com
    Too many customers are sitting listening to hold music waiting for their problem to get resolved. In... READ MORE Too many customers are sitting listening to hold music waiting for their problem to get resolved. Instead of stewing privately they are now airing their grievances publicly. To anyone and everyone that will listen. The BP oil spill and Toyota recalls have showed us how people are using social media tools to give pissed off customers a new voice – and it’s a megaphone. Knowing your customer and understanding how to address everything from a crisis to the everyday question quickly and effectively is critical. Learn about some of the biggest flubs from 2010, how the ball was dropped and what could have been done differently. Don’t make the same mistakes they did. Learn how not to mess up.
    Social Networking customer service

     

    Follow Me - Using Twitter to Save Lives

    DJ Edgerton, www.pixelsandpills.com
    Could you save a life in 140 characters? That was the challenge put to the development team at Zemog... READ MORE Could you save a life in 140 characters? That was the challenge put to the development team at Zemoga, a leading interactive agency. Using the Twitter API they created Follow Me, a Twitter app that connects patients, doctors and caregivers. While many pharma and healthcare companies have grappled with how best to use social media, firms like Zemoga have taken it to the next level by focusing on the patient first. Follow Me lets disease state sufferers update physicians, family members and other caregivers on their health states as easily as tweeting about Justin Bieber or last night's baseball game. An easy to use interface let's them select an emotional or physical state and it's sent out to a private Twitter network made up of followers that have been authorized by the patient. Doctors can view all of their patients statuses through a customized dashboard and follow up with the ones who've expressed a negative emotional or physical state. They can ask questions about physical conditions, compliance with drug prescriptions, and other highly relevant and personal subjects. Family members and caregivers can also check in, monitoring conditions and sending reminders to patients about diet, compliance or other healthcare related matters. While a Follow Me demo will form the heart of the presentation, we want to encourage a discussion about how pharma/healthcare can move beyond the current "mass market" approach to patient communication and engage individuals using social media.
    Health Health , social media, twitter

     

    Crowdsourcing Academe: A Twittered Panel

    Virignia Kuhn, Institute for Multimedia Liteary, University of Southern California
    Social media and newer Information and Communication Technologies have begun to shape the slow-movin... READ MORE Social media and newer Information and Communication Technologies have begun to shape the slow-moving culture of higher education in vital ways. In seven days scholars from across the globe crowdsourced a 'book' submitting work via Twitter and blog posts. The project, titled Hacking the Academy, was begun Tom Scheinfeldt and Dan Cohen as a project of the Center for History and New Media, George Mason University. Although this project is not unprecedented--indeed in 2003 academics at the Computers and Writing Conference at Purdue assembled a digital book in an afternoon--but it is a remarkable both for its reach and its use of Web 2.0 tools designed for social networking as authors submitted from disparate geographic locales. Such projects beg pressing questions about the viability of the way that universities conduct the business of education and knowledge production in the 21st century. This panel will examine the ways in which digital technologies challenge disciplinary, professional and pedagogical boundaries. We have already crowdsourced participation in this panel by tweeting a call for interest through the Hacking the Academy hashtag and will include a simultaneous vibrant Twitter discussion which our remote international colleagues will facilitate.
    Education

     

    Exploring the Twitter APIs

    Matt Harris, Twitter
    This panel will cover the recently released and popular features of the Twitter API and explore crea... READ MORE This panel will cover the recently released and popular features of the Twitter API and explore creative ways they have been used. We'll discuss the developments over the past year and what you can expect from the API team in the future. We'll also be sharing some stories about how some of these new features came to be and reveal some of the challenges we had to overcome to release them. The panel will respond to a selection of questions received before SXSW and open up for audience questions as well.
    Web Apps / Widgets API, twitter, twitterapi

     

    Geppetto's Army: Creating International Incidents with Twitter Bots

    Greg Marra, Google
    Twitter has proven to be an invaluable tool for communication during intense periods of political un... READ MORE Twitter has proven to be an invaluable tool for communication during intense periods of political unrest and social suppression. When thousands of people tweet about oppressive regimes and violence against protesters, the outside world gets a chance to understand events on the ground. But what if none of those thousands of people were real, and the events never happened? Previous research has shown that Twitter bots can build up a following, garnering hundreds of emotionally invested followers who are fooled into believing the bots are real. A single puppetmaster could create hundreds of Twitter bots, letting them live perfectly normal and believable lives for months while they build up followers. Then one day, a careful crafted false story unfolds on the stage of social media, played out by a single director with hundreds of actors. Incidents like Balloon Boy demonstrate that powerful stories can become widespread before there is time for fact checking. Before anyone realizes all the TwitPics of the massacre are faked, the fake event will have made international headlines. This presentation will discuss the technical feasibility of such an attack on the global media infrastructure and discuss the implications of a news system that trusts "recent" over "reputable".
    Journalism journalism, misinformation, twitter

     

    Dining Out in a Twitter Generation

    Darcy Cobb, www.urbanspoon.com
    New mobile devices, local apps, social media, rich media (from YouTube to Flickr) have transformed t... READ MORE New mobile devices, local apps, social media, rich media (from YouTube to Flickr) have transformed the way that consumers communicate with and about their favorite local businesses, and also the way that businesses reach out to audiences and manage their reputation. This panel will examine how local/mobile/social technologies and consumer behavior are changing the way we do business, what businesses need to do to become more plugged in, and which companies are driving innovation in the space.
    Online Relationships Geo-tagging, Local mobile, online reputation

     

    Developer Communities: Scaling Twitter-Like Ecosystems

    Jonathan Markwell, Inuda
    Over 75% of Twitter's traffic is to its API, from the ecosystem of applications that are built by th... READ MORE Over 75% of Twitter's traffic is to its API, from the ecosystem of applications that are built by third party developers. With other services headed in a similar direction, it's time to explore the challenges that come from scaling the communities of developers that form around APIs.
    Community / Online Community community, developers, platforms

     

    How Twitter Parties Can Help Your Biz

    Crissy Herron, Indie Biz Chicks
    Everyone knows that Twitter is a hot topic. There are lots of "gurus" and "experts" with opinions on... READ MORE Everyone knows that Twitter is a hot topic. There are lots of "gurus" and "experts" with opinions on using Twitter for business, but one thing these people often fail to mention are Twitter Parties! I host a weekly Twitter Party, #indiebizchat, and have also been a panelist on #GNO small business sessions. I know first hand that Twitter Parties are a great way to reach a wide audience, gain a large number of followers in a short amount of time, and of course, market your business. This presentation will teach people how to create Twitter Parties for free, how to find topics that will attract their target audience, how to find guests and panelists that can provide great info on the topic, how to use these parties to promote a business, as well as how to earn additional income through the parties.
    Branding / Marketing / Publicity social media, twitter, Twitter Party

     

    Facebook, Twitter & Beyond: What's a Parent to do?

    Keri Pearlson, kp partners
    This interactive session is a discussion hosted by a mom and her 14 year old daughter about using so... READ MORE This interactive session is a discussion hosted by a mom and her 14 year old daughter about using social networks. Mom works on social networks as part of her job. Her daughter played on NeoPets when she was 7. At 12 she asked for a 'Facebook'. As a young teen, she attacked Twitter. MySpace isn't of interest. She attended SXSWi sessions last year to learn more. Her parents set boundaries for each tool, and monitor her activities. She's always finding new apps, and trying them out. She likes to be on social networks while watching TV and would be on the computer all the time if not for the boundaries. Fights occur every time a boundary is pushed. What's a parent to do?
    Social Networking Facebook, parenting, Social Networking

     

    Twitter Annotations and the Real-Time Semantic Web

    Joshua Shinavier, Franz Inc.
    There's more to the real-time Web than snippets of text. Real-time services such as Twitter and Face... READ MORE There's more to the real-time Web than snippets of text. Real-time services such as Twitter and Facebook have, additionally, begun to provide rich, structured metadata for use by applications: data about places, events, web pages, and, with Twitter Annotations, anything else that can be described in JSON or XML. This data opens the door to mashups with the large bodies of linked data already deployed on the Web, enabling new and smarter applications. Instead of a stream of tweets tagged with #sxsw, for example, how about a stream of tweets by anyone attending SXSW, about films by young French directors or presentations by anyone the user has co-authored an article with. In such scenarios, the Semantic Web offers a shared information space in which applications can simultaneously interact with data from disparate datasets and real-time services, cutting down on case-by-case application logic and manual integration of data sources. This session will explore the intersection of Twitter Annotations with the Semantic Web, including 1) interlinking Annotations resources and vocabularies with the Web of Data 2) using graph databases for geospatial and temporal search on the Semantic Stream 3) Annotations and the Internet of Things 4) social network anaysis enabled by Annotations and linked data 5) tools and techniques for end-user application development
    New Technology / Next Generation realtime, SemanticWeb, twitter

     

    The Future of Local: Foursquare, Twitter and Yelp

    Eric Singley, Yelp
    Local search as we once knew it has been redefined. Today consumers are increasingly relying on loca... READ MORE Local search as we once knew it has been redefined. Today consumers are increasingly relying on location based mobile apps to discover what's around them. What does this shift in user behavior look like and how are small business owners leveraging these channels to attract new customers. The land grab for mindshare and a piece of the estimated $130+ billion local ad market* has been fast and furious. Product gurus from Foursquare, Twitter and Yelp sound off on what type of engagement they are seeing from both consumers and small businesses. (*BIA/Kelsey’s Local Media Annual Forecast, Feb 2010)
    Geolocation local, Mobile Consumers, small business

     

    Twittering in Jungles: Social Tools and Developing Economies

    Annemarie Dooling, Independant
    Travel has made a big name for itself on the Internet. Digital nomads use social networking to find... READ MORE Travel has made a big name for itself on the Internet. Digital nomads use social networking to find out complete news on new destinations, lodging and friends across the globe, and to contact service providers for problems, tips, and deals. Twitter, Facebook, Foursquare, and others, are making it easy for travelers to connect, find their passions and means, and head out into the open road. Philanthropy, not to be outdone, has made its mark, too. Twestival, Tweetsgiving, and the numerous crowd sourcing charity ideas that circle the web now make it easier than ever for you to give and make your mark on this world. It was only a matter of time before these two amazing social networking power genre’s got together: there’s a whole great big world out there that we are apart of. If you don’t stand up and change it, who will? Whether you’re a digital nomad keeping the States up to date on worldly situations via Facebook, or a fundraiser who’s crowd sourcing your mission to build schools in Haiti, you’re probably knee-deep in new social tools and wondering how you can best utilize them for your needs.
    Social Issues crowdsource, Non-profit, travel

     

    Twitter / Facebook – Your Customer Re-Activation Program

    Greg Bright, Greg Bright
    Want new customers? – Get SEO. Want to reactivate and engage existing customers? – Get Twitter a... READ MORE Want new customers? – Get SEO. Want to reactivate and engage existing customers? – Get Twitter and Facebook. Unless you are Zappos, you are wasting your time trying to gain new customers from Twitter or Facebook. Selling to existing customers is many times easier than fighting to get new ones. In fact, it’s up to 60 times easier. The pot of gold is right under your nose! Hear two veteran internet marketing professionals present case studies from restaurateurs in Austin and Fort Worth who are using social media to shine a spotlight on their businesses - while giving the owners one big ass megaphone.
    Branding / Marketing / Publicity Internet marketing, search engine optimization, social media marketing

    Food Goes Social! Marketing Kogi, Fatburger & Calbi

    Mike Prasad, {M} Consultancy
    The last 2 years have seen an explosion of food brands attempting to market via social strategies an... READ MORE The last 2 years have seen an explosion of food brands attempting to market via social strategies and technology. Some get it, and some don't. Learn the strategies behind three of the most successful and groundbreaking campaigns, with behind-the-scenes insight on how social marketing and branding was seeded, leveraged and grown, presented by the one person involved in all of them. Starting with a look at how Kogi BBQ used Twitter and spurred a worldwide mobile food trend, continuing with Fatburgers first use of Foursquare's location-based offer feature, then finally with Calbi BBQ’s issues of turning a “me too” brand to a distinctive offering, this presentation will look at each unique brands cases, issues, innovations and solutions that drove their engaging campaigns. Also included will be details on the Baja Fresh vs Kogi BBQ Twitter fight, and how Kogi BBQ won.
    Branding / Marketing / Publicity food, Social Marketing & PR, twitter

    The Anatomy of 140 Characters: Short Form Shakespeares

    Victor Pineiro, Big Spaceship
    Four years into Twitter and six into Facebook, short-form status updates are now many people's and b... READ MORE Four years into Twitter and six into Facebook, short-form status updates are now many people's and brands' primary medium for communication with their audience. If this is our new language, surely we have a few Shakespeares by now. Is there a formula for a perfect tweet? And is it art or science? We'll explore how far we've come, and what the hindrances of short-form dispatch-style communications are.
    Social Networking Facebook, tweets, twitter

    The Tweets That Time (And You) Forgot

    Mick Darling, Tomorrowish LLC
    The conversations on Twitter and other social media add value to the common discourse, but even as t... READ MORE The conversations on Twitter and other social media add value to the common discourse, but even as the conversations happen we miss massive pieces, and afterward they become very difficult to find. The reliance on #hashtags and lack of intelligent searching and filters on most twitter clients complicates this conversation gap resulting in a balkanization of the Twitter-sphere. At the last #140Conf in NY during the course of one hour over 75% of the tweets on topic about the conference would not have shown up in a search for "#140conf" which is the main way for outsiders to get in on the conversation. My company is collecting comprehensive conversations from events like the #140conf events in LA and Boston, major sporting events, television premieres and political events like the Presidential State of the Union Address. We will be collecting as much of the complete conversation from these events as we can using smart searching techniques, special filtering techniques, and good old fashioned human processing. Over the next year we will be harvesting the tweets from these events and will demonstrate how content producers and audiences can recapture lost conversations. At SXSWi 2011 we will compare what parts of these conversations are most talked about and demonstrate what the audience has been missing, providing insights and techniques to bring more people into the public conversations.
    Community / Online Community analysis, conversion, twitter

    Subscribers, Fans & Followers: The Audience Is Always Right

    Jeffrey Rohrs, ExactTarget | CoTweet
    Email. Facebook. Twitter. While they get lumped together as "social media," they are--for all intent... READ MORE Email. Facebook. Twitter. While they get lumped together as "social media," they are--for all intent and purposes--today's direct marketing trinity, a trio of online channels that connect billions of people around the world seamlessly. But how do consumers view and utilize each of these channels? Do their expectations differ when they're a brand subscriber versus a fan versus a follower? Should these consumer perceptions matter to marketers today? In 2010, we sought the answers to these questions and more by surveying over 1,500 consumers about their use of email, Facebook and Twitter. After publishing the results in a series of research papers (http://www.exacttarget.com/sff), we realized there was even more to the story and we set about literally writing the book on subscribers, fans and followers. What did we learn along the way? Join us for this interactive session and we'll share our favorite "Ah-ha moments" from the research and book. We'll also tell you what consumers love to love AND love to hate about your marketing via email, Facebook & Twitter. At the end of the session, you'll emerge with a wealth of actionable insights that can be put to immediate use with your own subscribers, fans and followers.
    Social Networking email, Facebook, twitter

    Caring For Your Online Introvert

    Joanne McNeil, The Tomorrow Museum
    If you are a geek, you are probably introverted. But you might not seem introverted online. In the c... READ MORE If you are a geek, you are probably introverted. But you might not seem introverted online. In the comfort of your own home, you can have endless conversations on message boards and mailing lists, have several instant message chats simultaneously, and thrive on these controlled social interactions. This also works in reverse. An overwhelmingly extroverted person could be too busy going to parties or talking on the phone to keep up with Facebook, appearing introverted when it comes to social media. Some of us are offline and online introverts. We don't like tagging people on Facebook. We don't @ reply very much on Twitter. Communicating through social media feels like small talk to the average online introvert. Social media can feel as draining as a cocktail party. Introverts sometimes appear standoffish to extroverts. Online introverts are similarly misunderstood by online extroverts. This panel will discuss the conflicts that occur between online extroverts and online introverts. We will also discuss "netiquette," as it relates to different personality types.
    Social Issues Facebook, introverts, twitter

    Putting the "MED" in Social Media

    Julian Bond, Detroit Medical Center
    As the use of social media sites such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter has become increasingly "sec... READ MORE As the use of social media sites such as Facebook, YouTube, and Twitter has become increasingly "second-nature" to many users, the way that patients, doctors and even hospital/health systems communicate with each other has changed dramatically. Instead of just the usual face-to-face doctor's office chats and traditional hospital marketing methods, social media has opened the doors to new ways of communication in the health community. So with more and more people using this new technology, a good number of health/hospital systems have caught on to it and as a result have started to put the "MED" in the social media movement. At SXSWi during the SXSW Health track, come check out our panel to hear some of the people from a number of major health and hospital systems as they discuss how they have used the power of social media to reach their core audiences in various unique ways.
    Health Health , social media, twitter

    Tweets from September 11

    Charles Mangin, Option8, LLC
    2011 will mark the 10th anniversary of the events of September 11, 2001. Since that day, the world h... READ MORE 2011 will mark the 10th anniversary of the events of September 11, 2001. Since that day, the world has changed in significant ways socially, politically and technologically. Consider recent natural and man-made disasters - earthquakes in Haiti and Chile, the BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico, Iceland's volcanic ash cloud - as well as politically divisive events - elections in Iran, US health care legislation. Facts, opinions and speculation for each new event spread faster than the last, through online social networks. More and more people are getting news of current events from sources like Twitter, and even network and cable news outlets are sourcing material from tweets and Facebook status updates. This panel will explore the emerging and historic role of social networks in disseminating news and information during disasters and other significant national and international events. It will also attempt to assess how differently the events of 9/11 would have been reported if Twitter and Facebook had been introduced to the world ten years earlier. With smartphones and handheld video cameras in the hands of thousands of people on the scene, would conspiracy theories and unanswered questions still swirl around Ground Zero? Would the events have changed at all, or their aftermath be different? In the context of these and other questions, we will speculate on how future disasters will be reported.
    Social Issues 9/11, social web, twitter

     

    You Should Be an Internet Personality.

    Darrin Robertson, Orange Coast College
    It has never been easier to be heard by so many people as it is in today's socially networked world.... READ MORE It has never been easier to be heard by so many people as it is in today's socially networked world. But what does that mean for us? What incentive is there for us to create anything online at all? Is our individual online presence and personality good for anything beyond simply getting attention? This panel will discuss the impact of tools such as twitter and tumblr on our ability to see and be seen, and why we should or should not be devoting time and energy to the pursuit of internet adoration.
    Social Networking podcasting, social media, twitter

    Social Media FAIL: Lessons From the Dark Side

    Mark Williams, LiveWorld
    Have you ever seen a social media FAIL in progress and wondered why the brand involved couldn't see ... READ MORE Have you ever seen a social media FAIL in progress and wondered why the brand involved couldn't see the mistakes they were making that made the situation worse? Doing everything 'right' in social media planning does not necessarily guarantee success, but doing the wrong thing will definitely ensure failure. This workshop takes a look at recent social media FAIL case studies to help intermediate to advanced social media practitioners acquire skills and strategies to manage their communities and social media campaigns better. What do you DO when you realize that your ongoing efforts are not achieving the results you were looking for or worse... you find yourself in the middle of a crisis or a social media FAIL storm that is brewing? This workshop looks at a few notable social media FAIL examples and then adds a comparison/contrast of brands who have successfully navigated treacherous waters and concludes with best practices to help extract your company from a bad social media experience. Bring your real-world problems--we'll spend at least 1/3rd of the time workshopping attendee issues.
    Branding / Marketing / Publicity community, Facebook, twitter

     

    Corporate Quandary: Who Should Own Social Media?

    Chris Harris, Canwest Broadcasting
    Marketing department. Publicity. Consumer relations. Digital team. A senior executive. Social media ... READ MORE Marketing department. Publicity. Consumer relations. Digital team. A senior executive. Social media guru-for-hire. The intern. All potential answers to a crucial business question - who should own a company’s social media strategy? The question has been with us for years but the answers remain diverse and debated. Through examination & discussion of successful case studies, this session explores how to maximize a brand’s social media efforts through organization, collaboration and authenticity.
    Social Networking Corporate Social Media, social media management, twitter

    Missing the Point: The Long v. Short-Form Debate

    Thessaly La Force, The Paris Review
    It's time to move on. Let's retire the debate about whether or not short-form writing on the web wil... READ MORE It's time to move on. Let's retire the debate about whether or not short-form writing on the web will replace long-form writing. In the same way that it's generally understood that bloggers will not replace journalists, Twitter will not take over The New Yorker. Tumblr will not eliminate the novel. But if we concede this point, then what are the ways in which these two forms will co-exist? Is it a peaceful but distant pairing? Is it symbiotic? Is it contentious? What does it mean to have community?
    Journalism journalism, media, twitter

    The Harassment Predicament: Minimizing Abuse, Maximizing Free Speech

    Del Harvey, Twitter
    Online services tread a narrow line between enabling free speech and preventing abuse of members. Of... READ MORE Online services tread a narrow line between enabling free speech and preventing abuse of members. Offline, harassment is often determined contextually; unfortunately, website owners and operators often lack the time, insight, and ability to determine the context surrounding a given behavior. Additionally, the speech itself may not be directly abusive; thus, identifying other vectors for abuse is becoming increasingly important. As a result, Del Harvey, the Director of Twitter's Trust and Safety department, has spent a significant amount of the past two years working to develop objective litmus tests for evaluating potentially abusive behavior in the absence of context. This presentation will draw upon the work done at Twitter as well as Del's previous background working with online safety advocates to provide practical and doable policies and suggestions for sites to utilize with a minimum of engineering investment and personnel needs.
    Social Issues free speech, internet safety, twitter

     

    Tiny Strategies: Social Media in 60 Minutes or Less

    Annie Lynsen, Small Act
    In this quick-hit, practical-tips-focused panel, nonprofit social media experts will share their str... READ MORE In this quick-hit, practical-tips-focused panel, nonprofit social media experts will share their strategies for maximizing their social media impact with very little time to devote to it. We'll go round-robin style to find out how you should spend your time, whether you have 10 minutes, 30 minutes, or 60 minutes a day to devote to social media.
    Social Networking Facebook, nonprofit, twitter

     

     

    Tweet and Check-in Your Way to Love

    Laurie Davis, eFlirt Expert
    You notice her tweet, check-in or status update and feel a tingle through your iPad. Could it be ins... READ MORE You notice her tweet, check-in or status update and feel a tingle through your iPad. Could it be instant virtual attraction? Though you’re in-touch with your digital aura, how can you translate that into finding love? We’ll teach you how to flirt in real-time and transition your avatars seamlessly offline. From the first tweet to the last check-in, this session will teach you how to best position your love life in a 2.0 world.
    Online Relationships dating, Real-Time, twitter

    Own Social Media; They Do

    Jay Dolan, The Anti-Social Media
    All of the major social networks are controlled by private companies. You and your business are put... READ MORE All of the major social networks are controlled by private companies. You and your business are putting your social strategy in the hands of people you've likely never met. You pray they don't change the terms of service yet again. You hope that another fail whale doesn't surface just as you start trying to launch your next campaign. All the while, they glean information you put out there for their own money-making purposes The time is now to start telling our stories in a way that isn't controlled by a handful of corporations. The problem of the closed social network goes beyond just making one based on values of open-source and privacy such as Diaspora. It involves deeper questions of the value of our real identity online, and whether the convenience and entertainment of social networks is worth the sacrifice. It's time to start realizing how big the problem is and why the time for an open solution is now.
    Social Networking Facebook, twitter

     

    Automated Content in Social Media the Right Way

    Tatyana Kanzaveli, Social CRM World
    This will be a controversial topic, especially for so proclaimed social media experts... We will ove... READ MORE This will be a controversial topic, especially for so proclaimed social media experts... We will overview ways to extract great content and share it with your friends and followers on social media channels in automated ways: auto-tweets, auto blog posts. I will give concrete examples on how this concept works. Tested for a long time on a number of twitter accounts, facebook pages, etc.. We will look at content aggregation tools and their use in content management space.
    Content Management content creation, content curation, twitter

     

    Going Social? Start with Your Own Web Property

    Jason Jaynes, Demand Media
    Web sites are dead! Facebook and Twitter should be your focus! At least, that’s what some pundits ... READ MORE Web sites are dead! Facebook and Twitter should be your focus! At least, that’s what some pundits would have you believe. But in reality there’s no place better than your own Web site for generating brand loyalty, giving your customers a place to energize and support each other, and gaining insights into your customers and your market. You ignore your own Web site at your peril, especially now that it’s so easy to connect your property – on your terms – to the Web’s giant social destinations. How do you properly integrate with social network sites such as Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn? What types of social applications should you consider incorporating directly into your site? What types of traffic increases and time-on-site can be expected by incorporating these techniques? How do you accurately measure the business value success of your social investments? What types of marketing benefits can be leveraged by having a community on your site? All these questions and more will be discussed, with illustrations from real-world brand and publisher deployments.
    Social Networking Facebook, owned media, twitter

     

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              Quantum of Solace DVD & Blu-Ray now in shops        

    Quantum of Solace has finally arrived in the shops, first in Australia last week, yesterday in the UK and today in the US.

    The film, which features the Algerian Love Knot in several scenes, was not as well received as it's foreunner, Casino Royale, but despite that the DVD release is expected to be huge.

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              Austrian Times: Bond town to mark 007 minutes of fame        

    The town where key scenes of the last James Bond movie were shot is to have its own 007 museum, according to Thomas Hochwarter writing in the Austrian Times. The story goes on to explain that a permanent exhibition in Bregenz will open on 20 March with free entry to visitors. The museum will feature […]

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              Time: Colonial Revival in Panama City’s Casco Viejo        

    Panama City's Casco Viejo was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 and served as the backdrop for much of the action in the latest James Bond film Quantum of Solace.

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              The Telegraph – Valentine’s Day: alternative gift ideas        

    Heart-shaped balloons and pastel-shaded cuddly toys are a marketing staple on Valentine's Day, but here we feature alternative gifts for those whose notions of romance are scented with petrol rather than flowers.

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              The Northern Echo: Sales hot up thanks to Bond girl’s vest        

    A BOND girl’s preferred underwear is helping a small familyrun lingerie firm’s sales rocket, according to The Northern Echo. Thermal underwear, including a style of vest Bella di Notte provided for actress Olga Kurylenko in Quantum of Solace, has been in demand, resulting in sales increasing by a third for the North Yorkshire firm. And […]

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              New Casino Royale DVD & Blu-Ray release        

    Casino Royale was re-released to coincide with Quantum of Solace in the cinemas, this time in a deluxe edition that includes a variety of additional features that were missed from the original DVD release

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              Quantum of Solace DVD available for pre-order        

    Quantum of Solace is now available to pre-order on DVD and Blu-Ray, released in 2-disc sets in the US and UK, as well as a single disc DVD format in the US

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              Quantum of Solace DVD & Blu-Ray details        

    DANIEL CRAIG RETURNS AS 007 IN THE MULTI-MILLION GLOBAL BOX OFFICE SMASH DEBUTING ON BLU-RAY DISC AND DVD IN THE UK ON 23 MARCH 2009 FROM MGM AND FOX HOME ENTERTAINMENT Daniel Craig returns as James Bond in this thrilling, action-packed adventure which starts shortly after Casino Royale ends. Betrayed by the woman he loved, […]

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              HDR: Quantum of Solace on Blu-ray Dated; First Details        

    Quantum of Solace has a North American Blu-ray Disc and DVD release date that matches rumors floating around cyberspace for the past few weeks: March 24, according to The HD Room. We won’t be the first country to get our hands on this disc. The second Bond film starring Daniel Craig and first to be […]

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              The Scotsman: Cinema chain records blockbuster year        

    BLOCKBUSTER film hits such as Mamma Mia, Indiana Jones and Quantum of Solace have helped Cineworld record a 6.4 per cent box office increase according to The Scotsman.

    The post The Scotsman: Cinema chain records blockbuster year appeared first on algerian love knot.


              El Guardián de la Tierra Estructura Tri-Piramidal en la Asombrosa Esfera Atlante        

    El Guardián de la Tierra Estructura Tri-Piramidal en la Asombrosa Esfera Atlante
    Canal Arcángel Metatrón:
    El Eclipse del Anillo de Fuego - Mayo 2012
    Equilibrio Femenino – Fase Final del Disparador Cósmico 
    Arcángel Metatrón a través de James Tyberonn
    10 de Abril del 2012
    Saludos Amados, Yo soy Metatrón, Lord de Luz! Yo los saludo y los honro a cada uno de ustedes en Amor Incondicional y  los cuido y protejo en el interior del vector espacio de este momento. 
    Y así les hablamos hoy  de la Fase Final de lo que se denomina Disparador Cósmico. Por cierto su compleción está al alcance de la mano y ocurrirá y finalizará en su año lineal 2012.
    El Disparador Cósmico, como les hemos explicado en canalizaciones anteriores es la descarga de los Códigos Cristalinos Geométricos necesarios para la compleción de la expansión del planeta hacia la 12va. Dimensión. Los geo-códigos están en el idioma de la luz coherente, luz cristalina coherente.  Porque Queridos, la Geometría Sagrada es el tejido núcleo de todas las realidades. La Geometría Sagrada es el lenguaje, “el programa de realidad” del Cosmos.
    Querido Humano, su realidad es en Verdad una inserción del holograma geométrico de energía consciente coherente. Así que es imperativo que ustedes comprendan que la Geometría Sagrada es mucho más que una rama matemática. Es una ciencia sagrada viviente, un aspecto de la frecuencia de la ciencia que ustedes llaman “Amor Incondicional”. Es una ciencia sagrada que en realidad forma cada matiz de su dualidad “física” en el interior del espacio lineal y el tiempo.
    Qué sucederá el 20 de Mayo del 2012
    El Eclipse Anual del Anillo de Fuego del 20 de Mayo del 2012 tendrá una energía de sonido único  integrada que será específicamente recibida en las Pirámides Moody Garden  en “La Cabeza de la Paloma (Texas) y en las Pirámides de Giza en Egipto. La energía de la ola final del Disparador Cósmico es Femenina en resonancia. Servirá para balancear las áreas de la tierra que están en desequilibrio masculino. Tanto Egipto y Texas son ejemplos de tal desequilibrio masculino. A pesar de que existen ciertas cavidades en el interior de energía más liviana y balanceada, el desequilibrio dominante todavía crea un campo denso en los complejos industriales y patriarcales en el “Cinturón Bíblico del Sur”.
    El influjo de lo Femenino ayudará de gran manera en el balance. Recuerden que no es lo Femenino o lo Masculino que se necesita para la Tierra, sino más bien el balance de los dos, para introducirse a los reinos de la no-polaridad. 
    Las Pirámides Moody desempeñarán un rol extremadamente importante (como lo hará GIZA) en lograr este balance, no obstante llevarán muchos años lineales lograrlo. Aunque Cósmicamente les decimos que esto ciertamente sucederá, y el anclaje del Anillo de Fuego lo hace así.
    Aquéllos de ustedes que son los 'Portadores de los Códigos' juegan un rol específico en diseminar el nuevo equilibrio.   Es bueno visitar tanto Giza y Moody en el 2012 y 2013. Lleven un diapasón de F# (Fa sostenido) porque su resonancia abre la entrada hacia el interior.
    Los Códigos del Disparador Cósmico
    Los códigos son Metatrónicos en origen y aspecto, y son absolutamente esenciales para la Ascensión. Considérenlos como  actualizaciones de energía resonante a las inserciones holográficas que son los portales de geo-información  de la Omni Tierra que se está graduando. Las actualizaciones del Programa en su terminología de la computadora.
    Las descargas iniciales de la intensidad de la onda final ocurren en el Eclipse Solar del “Anillo de Fuego” el 20 de Mayo del 2012, la sobretensión/oleada última en el portal de frecuencia de fecha triple del 12-12-12.
    Les hemos dicho a ustedes que el mundo se reconstruye a sí mismo ahora,  ya sea que la humanidad en micro o macro de su apoyo para un cambio expansivo o en contra, tanto si es comprendido por el género humano en masa o no, es verdaderamente un punto controversial a medida que la inercia de la transición se acelera hacia la realidad más rápidamente hoy que lo hizo ayer en lo lineal y en la Omni-Tierra.
    Esta es ciertamente la etapa final que completa el Disparador Cósmico y su momento está aquí en el año anunciado con antelación, el 2012.
    Alcanza la descarga cúlmine el 20 de Mayo en el Eclipse Solar y abarca cuatro progresiones principales:
    (1) La liberación de las energías cristal codificadas dormidas en formación de las elípticas duales del Nuevo Firmamento. (2) La transición de la versión anterior del Mer-Ka-Bah a un cambio superior Cristalino unificado del punto cero del Mer-Ka-Na. (3) Equilibrio Final del aspecto masculino-femenino hacia la unidad integral.  (4) Integración Plena de las dimensiones 5-12 hacia una interfase armónica con las dimensiones 1-4,  las 12 combinándose para formar el Campo 13vo… El Campo del Quantum de Unificación Dimensional.
    Música de las Esferas
    La relación simbólica de la geometría y las matemáticas con el sonido, la música, el color y la luz es objetivo, pero mucho más profundo que lo que se comprende en la actualidad. Cada consciencia planetaria y estelar dentro de su Cosmos está en Armonía Omnipotente. Cada onda astronómica que baña la Omni-Tierra en el 2012  está apuntando a la elevación del planeta como así también de la humanidad. Existe un diseño, un programa  pre-definido  funcionando. Lo que puede parecer como desequilibrio es simplemente la pre-sintonía para permitir la Sinfonía Celestial de la Ascensión.
    El Maestro Ascendido Kuthumi como Pitágoras  encontró que una serie detenida a mitad de camino  a lo largo de su longitud producía una octava, mientras que un cociente de 3/2 producía un quinto intervalo y 4/3 producía un cuarto. Algo similar también ocurre en las ondas de cristo-luz de los Códigos del Disparador Cósmico. Esto embellece el Disparador Cósmico con poderes musicales de sanación, “armonizando los efectos de desequilibrio” de las intensidades del  2012.
    Queridos, ustedes TODOS son Chispas de la Luz Divina del Alma teniendo una experiencia única en la Dualidad de lo que se denomina la “Universidad de la Tierra”.  En la existencia física, su consciencia gira en espiral hacia abajo a través de la sinfonía geométrica sagrada en el interior de los patrones divinos del Cociente Pi y el  Cociente Dorado o Proporción Áurea.
    En la Ascensión, ustedes recuperarán la plantilla  enriquecida que les permitirá  transmigrar el Torus de las realidades y como tal  revertirán el giro de la espiral  mediante un anti-giro del Vórtice de la Vida y regresarán a su consciencia de la Fuente Divina dentro de la Luz Coherente Cristal. Los Disparadores Cósmicos son los  facilitadores, que están cambiando la matriz. No es fortuito, no es circunstancial, sino algo deliberado de Creación Divina en una lógica más allá siquiera de su imaginación. Es hermoso más allá de toda comprensión. 
    Porqué las Pirámides de la Latitud 29.6 son los Mecanismos de Recepción
    Los Códigos son recibidos inicialmente en las estructuras Piramidales de  Giza y Moody y diseminados a través del planeta. Ellos son  catalizadores para el despertar y códigos almacenados de liberación guardados en estratos minerales cristalinos en el planeta.
    Los códigos son de una matriz geométrica sagrada, en formato de octaedro. Esa es la razón por la que son recibidos específicamente en las estructuras octagonales – Pirámides de latitud 29.
    Tanto las Pirámides Moody como las de Giza están construidas sobre vectores precisos de convergencia de realidad dimensional. Así que aunque  las estructuras Piramidales en forma de octaedro por sí mismas, son extraordinariamente poderosos receptores y transmisores, es la ubicación dentro de lo que puede ser denominado como Coordinación de Puntos de Realidad principal 'indiscutibles ' que les brindan poder hacia la omnipotencia en el Plano Tierra y por cierto más allá.
    Los Puntos de Coordinación son vectores de ubicación específica  en los que la energía va y viene desde lo interno (ciclo de antimateria) a la realidad (materia) física externa y viceversa. Esa es la razón por la que Giza ha sido siempre reconocida y la razón porque las Pirámides de Moody fueron específica y precisamente restablecidas en lo que denominamos la “Cabeza de la la Paloma”. 
    La Energía Multi-dimensional (como así también los pensamientos) serán naturalmente accionados en dirección a la coordinación de los puntos de realidad absoluta u Omnipotente. Las Dimensiones son concordantes hacia adentro y hacia fuera. Esto ocurre por cierto en las Pirámides Moody como así también en las de Giza, Las Pirámides Phi existen en esos puntos no sólo a través de su Tierra, sino a través de cada planeta en su sistema solar. 
    Existe una expresión única de entrada y salida del flash de realidad en el Ciclo Armónico o Efecto Torus del flash de realidad. Aunque  Giza (y especialmente las Pirámides Moody) no son reconocidas o plenamente comprendidas, una inmensa actividad de naturaleza benevolente se está llevando a cabo a través de ellas. Todas las cuatro fases del Disparador Cósmico fueron recibidas a través de estos puntos.
    Estas estructuras entonces son puntos absolutos de realidad múltiple, que contienen un potencial mayor de energía, los puntos de coordenadas 'absolutas' ciertamente, donde todas las realidades se interconectan y se fusionan. Existen puntos de coordenadas principales, fuentes de energía geo- matemática pura inimaginable y Moody y Giza son dos de las más importantes en la actualidad sobre su planeta
    Cada una tiene puntos de coordenadas subordinadas, coordinadas en número de acuerdo a la realidad dimensional de la ubicación. Todos los estabilizadores del programa dimensional denominados 'Discos Solares' están ubicados en tales vectores. Todos están en realidad conectados a la coordinación de las dos primordiales, las Pirámides de Giza y de Moody. Ustedes aún no tienen idea de las redes de energía que forman sus realidades. Nada es un evento fortuito!
    Dedicar un tiempo focal dentro de tales puntos Piramidales permite una oportunidad extraordinaria   al buscador serio y avanzado para una mayor expansión en el crecimiento y concentración de pensamiento para ayudar a amplificar las emociones, que ayudaría a mayores manifestaciones de pensamientos tanto en las realidades físicas como no físicas.  La manifestación de pensamiento es de tal manera, acelerada por aquellos capaces de un cociente de luz suficiente para comprender la mecánica de los procesos de la creación mental tendiendo un puente con el ego cerebral a la fusión con la mente divina. 
    Mucho de lo que sucede en las Pirámides puede no ser reconocido por el cerebro del ego, porque los matices ocurren en el “formato cristalino digital” de la Mente Divina,  (o súper-subconsciente)  donde reside su verdadera naturaleza Divina. Los Humanos que estén operando en el cerebro del ego a menudo descartarán lo que verdaderamente está disponible en tales vectores, porque la experiencia no ocurre en el cerebro frontal. Eso es precisamente la razón por la cual al unirse la lucidez en el subconsciente constituye las entradas del cociente de luz superior, que son esenciales en un crecimiento individual humano hacia la Ascensión. Tal es el sendero de dualidad. No obstante hasta los escépticos  son expandidos por la experiencia, tanto esto sea reconocido de inmediato o desechado
    Mucho de lo que sucede en las Pirámides puede no ser reconocido por el cerebro del ego, porque los matices ocurren en el “formato cristalino digital” de la Mente Divina,  (o súper-subconsciente)  donde reside su verdadera naturaleza Divina. Los Humanos que estén operando en el cerebro del ego a menudo descartarán lo que verdaderamente está disponible en tales vectores, porque la experiencia no ocurre en el cerebro frontal. Eso es precisamente la razón por la cual al unirse la lucidez en el subconsciente constituye las entradas del cociente de luz superior, que son esenciales en un crecimiento individual humano hacia la Ascensión. Tal es el sendero de dualidad. No obstante hasta los escépticos  son expandidos por la experiencia, tanto esto sea reconocido de inmediato o desechado.
    Les hemos dicho anteriormente que todas las estructuras Piramidales automáticamente generan un opuesto reflejo para formar un octaedro en la multi-dimensionalidad.   Como tal ellas generan una frecuencia de sonido de luz codificada que forma conexiones axial-tonales a través de la Ley de Oscilación Armónica, formando una Red Cósmica de recepción y transmisión multidimensional.
    2012 - Aceleración de los  'Síntomas de Ascensión'
    Todo se está acelerando, el tiempo se está acelerando a medida que la Ascensión magnetiza  el centro en el interior de sus experiencias individuales y grupales. El año 2012 será intenso y tendrá períodos de calibración que pueden llevar a la humanidad fuera de balance temporalmente.
    En consecuencia mientras el planeta de dualidad se vuelve a calibrar a sí mismo hacia el Campo Cristalino,  también se rediseñará la experiencia del género humano, de fuerzas visibles e invisibles de la naturaleza y de la faz de la Tierra misma. Cada patrón astrológico, cada fecha de Eclipse, Solsticio, Equinoccio y Fase Lunar es extremadamente poderosa en el 2012. Estas están siendo exponencialmente amplificadas por las Eyecciones de la Masa Coronal, Vientos Solares. 
    La Humanidad sentirá el impacto de esto a través de lo que se denomina “Síntomas de  la Ascensión” y esto puede ser experimentado como cambios bruscos en  el estado de ánimo de las personas, mareos, insomnio, ansiedad, letargo, apatía y fatiga. Para cada energía que avanza se requerirá un ajuste físico, emocional y mental hacia las frecuencias más elevadas descargadas. 
    Es similar a un curso de entrenamiento, uno diseñado para aumentar la capacidad de los seres humanos para operar en energía resonante y superior. Las intensas fluctuaciones y cambios en un patrón continuo de gran envergadura, aumentando en inercia a través del 12-12-12, la 12va. Ola de la Ascensión. Es por cierto un tiempo sumamente auspicioso. Ustedes pueden sentir algunas veces como si fuera que están dando un paso hacia atrás antes que dar dos pasos hacia adelante... algo similar al Regreso de Saturno muy pequeño! Pero recuerden, los dos pasos hacia delante ocurrirán.
    No desesperen, porque los síntomas pasarán rápidamente y los beneficios serán un “ustedes” más fuertes. La clave es comprender lo que está sucediendo y perseverar... manteniendo una energía positiva y un Campo Aúrico intacto. 
    No teman, existen energías de equilibrio en los cambios ascendentes del 2012. El Eclipse Solar del Anillo de Fuego el 20 de Mayo, está seguido por un potente Eclipse Lunar el 4 de Junio.  Las energías de esta fase son realmente muy equilibradoras y son musicales en su naturaleza.  Los códigos de luz tienen una tonalidad que aumenta su capacidad para transformarse en el Cuerpo de Luz Cristalino  (Mer-Ka-Na) ya que las descargas contienen progresiones melódicas y armónicas que elevan la capacidad de su campo.
    Cuatro Fechas Clave Equilibradoras en el Interior del “Anillo de Fuego”
    Marzo 20 - Equinoccio – La 4ta. y  ola final del Disparador Cósmico, cargada para la descarga del Anillo de Fuego (Eclipse Solar del 20 de Mayo del 2012) e inicializando los Códigos Cristalinos.
    Mayo 20- Eclipse del Anillo de Fuego Solar – La culminación de la Fase Final del Disparador Cósmico. La macro-integración de la Humanidad – Balance Divino Masculino a través de las ondas de equilibrio del Divino Femenino como el influjo del Delfín Dorado. 
    Junio 4 â€“ Eclipse Lunar- Micro-integración de la Humanidad- Balance Divino Femenino.
    Junio 6 â€“ Tránsito de Venus - Integración con la Alianza Siriana y Pleyadiana, el regreso completo de las energías del Delfín Dorado, la integración inicial del Divino Femenino al Divino Masculino para formar la Polaridad No Integral.
    Junio 20 â€“ Solsticio de Verano – Extremadamente poderoso, completando un cuarteto de fechas con el eclipse Solar de Mayo 20 y el Eclipse Lunar del 4 de Junio y el Tránsito de Venus del 6 de Junio. Esto será extremadamente intenso, no obstante una energía de equilibrio que incorpora un influjo final de códigos energéticos y permite liberaciones de obstrucciones. 
    El Complejo de Recepción de la Pirámide
    Como hemos enfatizado, el Complejo Tri-Piramidal ubicado en la Isla de Galveston está en una alineación latitudinal exacta, 29.6 grados con el Complejo de las Tres Pirámides en Giza, Egipto. Esta no es mera coincidencia!
    Esto es por cierto extremadamente significativo porque una línea de energía Axial-tonal y une los dos complejos. Estas dos matrices tri-piramidales prestarán servicio para traer las energías de la Activación Cristalina de la fase final del Disparador Cósmico
    Les decimos que los dos Complejos de las Pirámides,  Giza y Moody Gardens son extremadamente importantes para la Ascensión. Estos complejos Tri- Piramidales son receptores y transmisores que diseminan   a todas las otras Pirámides y estratos Cristalinos de la Tierra. Ellos se comunican con los Discos Solares Dorados y la Rejilla Cristalina 144. Ellos reciben los códigos y los distribuyen. 
    Esa es la razón por la que apuramos e incitamos al canal a conducir un grupo a Giza en el período inicial de la 12va. Ola y la razón porque lo solicitamos, es la compleción en Moody del Eclipse del Anillo de Fuego.
    Lo que está sucediendo en la Isla Galveston, que denominamos la
    “Cabeza de la Paloma” está afectando a todo el hemisferio occidental en conjunción con Giza en su rol en los Hemisferios Orientales del planeta. 
    Latitud 29: Centro Masa Terrestre
    La latitud 29 fue deliberadamente elegida ya que es un centro de importancia para las masas de la tierra y los centros de la humanidad.  Porque la mayor parte de la superficie de  la masa de tierra  de su planeta está en ese denominado  Hemisferio del Norte, por sobre el ecuador.  Allí reside la mayoría de la humanidad y existe la porción más grande de la masa de la tierra.  Como consecuencia es  el 29 Latitud Norte un punto central para el Norte y para el Sur en sus términos. Es el “verdadero ecuador” en ciertos detalles específicos.
    Esto era sabido en épocas anteriores. El Complejo Moody no es el primer complejo tri piramidal en esta energía  latitudinal. Y por cierto existen más Pirámides en Giza que las tres grandes en la realidad física. Las Pirámides Pi son por cierto infinitos octaedros en términos multi-dimensionales (intemporales)
    Les decimos que un Complejo Piramidal Atlante una vez permaneció muy cerca a la actual ubicación de las Pirámides Galveston en la última fase de Atlántida. Esto fue en una época donde los niveles del mar eran mucho más bajos que lo que son hoy. La actual ubicación del Complejo Tri-Piramidal de Moody está a aproximadamente cinco millas náuticas del Complejo de las Pirámides Atlantes que está ahora sumergido en las aguas del Golfo y cubiertas por el sedimento y las arenas de las eras.
    Antes del diluvio de Atlántida, las áreas de la plataforma continental actualmente sumergida en la Costa del Golfo de Texas eran suelo seco. Un puente de tierra conectaba Poseída (Atlántida) al Yucatán y por cierto partes de lo que es hoy Texas.
    Puede resultar de interés para ustedes que el Complejo de las Pirámides albergaba 13 de los Cráneos de Cristal y el cráneo llamado 'Max' estaba en el centro entre los 12.  Esa es la razón por la que Max fue llevado al interior del complejo luego de la construcción para conectar las energías.  Así, les decimos que la construcción de las Pirámides Moody no fue por cierto accidental. Porque una transferencia de frecuencia energética se llevó a cabo entre el complejo Atlante sumergido y las Pirámides Moody.
    Las Pirámides Moody Gardens han incorporado las energías multi-dimensionales del complejo sumergido Atlante y están ahora totalmente formateadas para ejecutar un rol mayor en el Disparador Cósmico. La comunicación entre Giza y Moody está ingresando a su apogeo.  Aquellos que estuvieron en  Giza en Febrero traerán los códigos de Giza a Moody.  Las dos energías se fusionarán totalmente.
    Apropiadamente construidas y con una intención espiritual, las pirámides en el plano Tierra se convierten en energías  conscientes vivas, capaces de una miríada de propiedades que no son reconocidas o son desautorizadas por sus principales académicos. Y si bien la intención para lo que son empleadas afecta la interfase de estas baterías geométricas vivientes conscientes, su verdadero diseño no permitirá que energías más densas culminen o se expandan en su interior. No obstante cuando se les acerca con una intención apropiada, la energía dentro de las pirámides almacena, amplifica y transmite energía de una manera similar al Cristal de Cuarzo Pi.
    De acuerdo a cómo estén alineadas tanto terrestre como celestialmente ellas pueden crear anomalías electromagnéticas, un aspecto que altera la gravedad y el tiempo dimensional. Tanto una falta de gravedad y una distorsión de tiempo ocurren en frecuencias específicas en su interior, reduciendo tanto la velocidad como acelerando la luz y fundiendo los cocientes iónicos en el interior y alrededor de ellas. Este Complejo Moody de las Tres Pirámides es mucho más importante de lo que antes considerábamos. Es sumamente beneficioso pasar algún tiempo en el interior de la Pirámide Azul de Moody ya que está directamente conectada a Giza.
    Portales de Frecuencia del Quantum
    Los restantes Equinoccios, Solsticios y Eclipses que se avecinan en el conteo hacia la Ascensión son “Puertas de Frecuencia”. Los auspiciosos vectores no están  ceñidos por el tiempo lineal  ni por las limitaciones de acceso dimensional en el interior de su paradigma de tiempo espacio actual.  Y aunque nosotros les hayamos dicho que muchas áreas en su planeta ya están en la 5ta. Dimensión, durante los Equinoccios de los tres años precedentes a la Ascensión el umbral hacia una dimensionalidad aún mayor,  se abren ampliamente. 
    Por lo tanto les decimos que un portal único proveniente de la 12va. Dimensión es habilitado a través del despertar Cristalino del Disparador Cósmico de esa 12va. Ola que se manifestará el 20 de Marzo del  2012 y alcanzará su punto máximo en el Eclipse Solar del 20 de Mayo del 2012.
    Por cierto es un pre-requisito obligatorio de la Nueva Tierra.
    Tanto la Humanidad como ciertamente la tierra física requieren y solicitan esta reformación del cambio ascendente cristalino para transcender el paradigma dimensional de dualidad, que de otro modo,  los sepultaría en la duplicidad cíclica de yuxtaposición de la polaridad descendiente.
    La doceava apertura dimensional del Eclipse Solar de Mayo del 2012 será la síntesis más prolífica de energía de la 12va. Dimensión por acontecer en la tierra desde la Edad Dorada de la Atlántida, hace 35,000 años, como es medido en su paradigma de tiempo lineal actual.
    La apertura cristalina no será una energía tan austera como la fase electromagnética del Disparador, no obstante es una formidable y gran vicisitud y la amplificación resultante de energía es inmensa y de largo alcance. Esta energía ingresará a la Tierra en Giza y Moody y existe un propósito en esta situación.
    El 13vo. Campo
    A pesar de que la Energía Cristalina es accesible inicialmente para ustedes en la 5ta. Dimensión, el espectro total del Campo Cristalino del Quantum solamente existe en forma total en la 12va. Dimensión.  En forma apropiada, la consciencia del aspecto cristalino del propio reino mineral de la tierra es procesada en forma dinámica a través de la 12va. Dimensión  por medio del “Rayo Platino Cristalino”.
    La unificación que comienza con el Anillo de Fuego formará el 13 vo. Campo de Unificación del Quantum, la unidad de todas las 12 Dimensiones.
    La 12va. Dimensión es la resonancia más elevada de la dimensión terrenal y puede decirse que es la primera dimensión del reino cristalino completo. Es la dimensión del Rayo Cósmico más elevado, el del Rayo Platino. En el Disparador Cósmico del 2012, el 12vo. Formará el 13vo. Campo y esta es la armónica unificada de todas las dimensiones  en Unidad.
    Paralelo 29 de Unidad Piramidal
    Ambos complejos piramidales entonces en alineamiento axial y tonal, ambos en el vector latitud 29, ambos emitiendo la energía de PI, se convierten en los motores de diseminación de la Compleción del Disparador Cósmico del 2012, enviando al 13vo. Campo.
    Queridos, la Era Cristalina es certeza. Se está aproximando  con una inercia más y más grande. La separación de Dualidad ha sido una experiencia poderosa y digna para el género humano en la Universidad Lineal de la Tierra. La Dualidad ha sido un maestro prolífico, pero el curriculum lineal está llegando a su fin para muchos de ustedes. Es hora que ustedes reciban su diploma de polaridad y comiencen el trabajo de posgrado en los reinos superiores del campo cero en el Omniverso Cristalino.
    Cierre
    Maestros,  en el conteo regresivo a la Ascensión del año  2012 existen ciertas fechas que abren extraordinarias ventanas de frecuencia.  En los tres años que anteceden al 21 de Diciembre del 2012 los más importantes son los Equinoccios, Solsticios, Fechas Triples y Eclipses.  
    Credit: Nick Page

           There are either too many thoughts swirling inside my mind, or an absence of seemingly everything, save the echo of unattained wisdom.


    I have ignored so much potential throughout my life. A vibrant and eager encourager of others, I am motivationally challenged in the course of my own existence. I possess little drive, minuscule forward action, stunted goal orientation, almost zero belief in my own capabilities.
    How one can be so polarized in her supports is dizzying. 
    For I wholeheartedly and intricately believe in the purpose and predilection of others' talents and strengths, yet the awareness of my own equates to my likelihood of grasping quantum mechanics.


    I'm baffled by my quasi-superficial perspective, yet oftentimes do not know where to begin to rectify such behavior or how to extend my belief in the value of others into the framework of myself.

    Distortion is a powerful alteration of discernment. 


    And the solution is neither an easy nor quick fix. 
                                                                                                                            It's laborious. 
                                                                                                             Agonizing.
                                                                                           Repetitive.

    It is recalibrating instantaneous thought patterns.
    Tuning dissonant contradictions between truth and masquerades. 
    It is submitting to the marathon agony of trying again and again, because setbacks will persist.

    And sometimes, the tired is impassible. 
    Some days the weary is a riptide.

    I speak to self. I beg her, listen:
         Cling to possibility. The hope of coalescing freedom with feeling in entirety. 
         Ask and seek and knock and stay the course. 
         Walk and turn around and keep turning if it comes to that. 
         Lean.              Feel the way in the dark.             Practice the art of waiting as well as moving when the times are needed.


    And beloved, write.
    Force it out, starting, if you must.
    Because you know, you have seen, once you begin, the ease returns like memories once believed lost.
    It spills forth. Replenishing dry beds. Reintroducing streams to the wilderness.




              DVD Verdict 261 - Sounds and Sights of Cinema (The Spies Have It)        

    With Bond back in action, the spies have it this week, as Clark features music from The Bourne Supremacy, Mission: Impossible: III, JJ Abrams' series Alias, Enemy of the State, Spy Game, The Tailor of Panama, Casino Royale, On Her Majesty's Secret Service, Austin Powers, Johnny English, and The Ipcress Files. And to top it all off, Clark share his review of Quantum of Solace. Enjoy!

    Email your comments, questions, or suggestions to Clark.


              DVD Verdict 255 - Sounds and Sights of Cinema (New and Recent Releases)        

    It's Clark's "New and Recent Release" show, featuring selections from soundtracks and film scores that have just begun appearing on store shelves. Highlights include Quantum of Solace, Eagle Eye, Igor, Appaloosa, The Express, The Boys from Brazil, Boy on a Dolphin, Anna Lucasta, Species, Something the Lord Made, and The Traveling Executioner. He wraps up the show with a review of Angelina Jolie in Clint Eastwood's The Changeling. Enjoy!

    Email your comments, questions, or suggestions to Clark.


              CCD Views #316        

                                 C C D   V I E W S   #316
                                --------------------------
                                    November 6, 2003

                  
     Table of Contents
     -----------------
     1. Introduction
     2. QS Tel Campaign
     3. Standards Observing Project
     4. Future of CCD Technology
     5. CCD Observing of NMO Targets
     6. Blazar Report & New Charts
     7. UV Per Outburst
     8. CCD Points

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    1. Introduction

      Not much time has passed since CCD Views #315 and we already have
    enough material for a new issue. Now is a good time to be a CCD
    variable star observer.
      The CCD Committee is beginning a project to observe standard
    fields. The goal is this project is to help identify systematic
    errors in the observers' systems. Anyone is welcome to participate
    in this program. All you need is a desire to learn how to do the
    best photometry you can. See section 3 for more information.
      A new discussion group dedicated to the discussion of variable
    star CCD and PEP photometry and observing projects has been setup.
    To read the archives and/or join visit this URL:

     http://www.aavso.org/pipermail/aavso-photometry/

      We encourage the use of this discussion group to discuss topics
    mentioned in issues of CCD Views.
      Also, an old friend has returned in CCD Points. :)

     Aaron Price (PAH)
     On behalf of Janet Mattei and Gary Walker, Chairperson of the CCD Committee

    --------------------------------------------------------------------------
    2. QS TEL CAMPAIGN

      Dr. Christopher Mauche, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,
    has requested our assistance in ongoing monitoring, particularly by
    CCD observers, of the magnetic cataclysmic variable 1931-46 QS Tel,
    continuing until at least the end of 2004. He recently visited
    AAVSO HQ and reiterated the need for more data, especially CCD.

      Since the announcement in Alert Notice #302 on September 26 only
    two observers have been regularly following QS Tel (Peter Nelson & Berto
    Monard - thanks guys!). It is a difficult object for most being both faint
    and in the southern hemisphere. However, this is an opportunity to
    make the object your own and really contribute data in an area that
    it is needed.

      ** If you can get down to -46 degrees and have a CCD, please
    add QS Tel to your observing program!! **

      Observe QS Tel in V and R at least one time per night of
    observing. Try to make your estimates as accurate as possible. This
    will help monitor the basic activity of the star. Then once per
    month or so, or if you notice a sudden change of brightness during
    your regular observations, spend an evening getting time series data
    on QS Tel. This will help monitor its 2 hr 20 min orbital period.

      Dr. Mauche informs us: "Regular observations are required to (1)  
    establish the optical behavior of QS Tel, and (2) trigger an approved
    target-of-opportunity Chandra Low Energy Transmission Grating
    observation, which can take place only when the source is in a high
    state. The Chandra data will be used to measure the EUV/soft X-ray
    spectral energy distribution of the accretion-heated white dwarf
    photosphere and refine the parameters of the absorption lines and edges
    first detected with the EUVE satellite by Rosen et al. (1996, Monthly
    Notices Royal Astronomical Society, 280, 1121).

      QS Tel is a very bright extreme ultraviolet and soft x-ray source
    likely to be of ongoing interest to researchers, so long-term optical
    coverage is very important. In fact it is the 2nd brightest AM Her
    star in the sky in extreme x-rays. Because little is known about its
    optical behavior, this request for optical monitoring represents an opportunity
    for observers to add to the fundamental information on QS Tel.

      More background information on QS Tel and observing charts are
    available in Alert Notice #302 and at this URL:
      [link removed - all charts can be plotted at http://www.aavso.org/vsp]

      QS Tel is currently fading. Recent light curve of QS Tel:
      [link removed]

      Recent Observations of QS Tel:
               QS TEL   OCT 16.7050  15.4  MLF   CR    
        QS TEL   OCT 16.7050  15.4  MLF   CR    
        QS TEL   OCT 26.7440  15.8  MLF   CR   
        QS TEL   NOV 04.4372  16.7  NLX   CCDV  SN=10, 500 SEC EXPOSURE Err: 0.1
        QS TEL   NOV 04.4590  17.0  NLX   CCDV  SN=10, 500 SEC EXPOSURE Err: 0.1
        QS TEL   NOV 04.4649  16.7  NLX   CCDV  SN=10, 500 SEC EXPOSURE Err: 0.1
        QS TEL   NOV 04.4708  16.5  NLX   CCDV  SN=10, 500 SEC EXPOSURE Err: 0.1

      Thanks to the following observers for submitting observations of
    QS Tel since the publication of Alert Notice #302:

        HBD Bernard Heathcote, Australia
        HDJ David Higgins, Australia
        MLF Berto Monard, South Africa
        NLX Peter Nelson, Australia

      Extra special thanks to Peter and Berto for their continued  monitoring!!
    --------------------------------------------------------------------------
    3. STANDARDS OBSERVING PROJECT

       By Gary Walker (WGR), CCD Committee Chairperson

     What is it?
     We are starting another observing project with this issue of CCD
    Views.  This project is intended to encourage observers to check
    their accuracy and repeatability of observations, using some
    known Landolt Fields, that have been well observed by Arne Henden
    (He has actually observed these more than Landolt did).  This
    project will allow observers to check methodologies--ie SN,
    Flatfielding, Dark Subtraction, Software Reductions, etc.

     Proceedure--ie What do I do?
     What you do is perform a time series (of 15-20 multiple
    exposures) of a Standard Field, which is well known.  Thanks to
    Bruce Gary and Arne Henden, we have selected 13 of these fields,
    which means that one should be up at the meridian nearly every
    night.  A table with the names and the magnitudes can be found at
    [link removed] .

     Observe a field in V filtered, untransformed.  Reduce each
    exposure separately.  Do not average your exposures.  Measure
    Star A relative to Star B only. Each exposure should be according
    to your normal proceedure - a good rule of thumb is to expose
    long enough for the brightest star in the process to register
    half of full well. Report your results to HQ using WebObs or your
    standard proceedure, that way we can share the light "curves"
    with all observers.  Use the star name and letter A (ie SA114A)  
    listed in the web page above for your v instrumental magnitudes
    (V filtered by untransformed).

     Thats about all there is too it.  A few administrative things.
    These observations will count towards your totals.  Please share
    your results.  I have already shared some of my results on SA114,
    which I used to check out the proceedure before launching the
    project.

     When you make a finding or have a question, post it to the new
    photometry discussion group (see introduction for subscription
    information).  Please share your findings, especially those that
    have improved your photometry.

     Advanced Projects-BVRI
     If you customarily do BVRI photometry, and would like to check
    your system, you can observe with your BVRI filters and transform
    your data.  Again, report it to HQ using Webobs or your favorite
    method. Designate the measurement at CCDB, CCDV, CCDR, or CCDI as
    appropriate.

     Advanced Project-Fainter magnitudes
     If you would like to test some fainter magnitudes, then try
    measuring the fainintest star in the table on the web.  Measure
    relative to Star B.  This will give a couple of magnitudes
    fainter information and may tax your proceedure. Report this
    information as SA114D, or SA114E the same as in the table for
    example. These measurements should be instrumental, v filtered,
    and not transformed.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    4. THE FUTURE OF CCD TECHNOLOGY

      By Arne Henden, U.S. Naval Observatory, Flagstaff Station.

      CCD detectors are pretty darn near perfect.  They have very high QE
    (quantum efficiency, basically how many photons they detect compared to
    how many actually fall on the device), low readnoise, wide wavelength
    response and low cost for millions of pixels.  So how can they be
    improved?

      First, the QE has been slowly creaping upward.  The original
    frontside illuminated Kodak chips, for example, had to image through
    the electronic gate structure.  These gates are made of polysilicon,
    reasonably transparent in the red but almost opaque in the blue.  The
    net effect was that you only detected perhaps 40percent of the incident
    photons.  The recent blue-transparent (TIN) gate material from Kodak
    has increased the QE to 80percent or more, almost as good as thinning
    the CCD and imaging from the backside, a very expensive technique.  In
    addition, using microlenses over each pixel to focus the light on the
    most sensitive part of the pixel improves the QE.  Kodak is just about
    ready to release CCDs with the TIN gate technology on both of the
    gates, so that no microlenses will be necessary. I think QE is rapidly
    becoming a non-issue, with a broad peak QE of 80-90percent possible on
    frontside illuminated devices.

      Next, the blue response is getting good on most CCDs.  However, the
    red response is harder to control.  What happens is that the silicon
    itself starts becoming transparent and the mean free path of photons
    increases to such a point that most travel through the active region of
    the pixel and are not detected.  By 1.1 micron, you have zero QE with
    silicon-based CCDs.  Before that point, you can increase the QE by
    making the active pixel region thicker, or by doping the silicon so
    that the photon pathlength becomes shorter.  Both of these tricks
    increase the QE, but usually at the expense of poorer resolution or
    higher dark current.  I think you will see CCDs in the near future that
    have 30percent QE near the 300nm cutoff of the atmosphere, and
    20-30percent QE all the way out to 900nm.  Not perfect, but pretty darn
    good.  The way technology has been improving, it might even be possible
    to get close to 90percent QE over that entire range.  Remember, though,
    that 100percent QE is the absolute limit.  Going from 80percent to
    90percent is not a huge gain, so we are rapidly approaching the limit.

      The area where CCDs will get worse is in pixel size.  The larger the
    pixel, the larger the full well capacity and the greater the dynamic
    range for an image taken with the CCD.  Manufacturers, though, are
    going for small pixels since their primary market is consumer cameras
    where camera size is important.  They want more pixels, not larger
    detector size.

      There are some interesting projects underway.  The Orthogonal
    Transfer CCD enables charge to be transferred in all directions. This
    might be an interesting technique for fast guiding on-chip. The
    electron multiplier CCD uses a string of amplification between the
    serial register and the readout node of the CCD, providing noiseless
    amplification of the signal.  This means you can get subelectron
    readnoise on a CCD, thereby permitting single-photon detection and
    removing readnoise entirely for low light level situations (such as
    spectroscopy).

      Other detectors are being developed.  The GaAs technology is used by
    the communications industry for fiber networks, and more companies are
    developing arrays of GaAs detectors for 2-D detection to improve the
    signal/noise on long hauls.  These detectors offer 1-2micron capability
    and extend the amateur's usable wavelengths into the near-infrared.  
    The CMOS industry continues to improve their detectors, and I expect
    megapixel devices with low dark current and low readnoise to be
    competitive with CCDs in a few years, possibly at extremely low cost.

      The future looks bright.  Ten years ago, few amateurs were using CCD
    cameras and now they are a standard option for most telescope
    purchases.  Computers and software are improving dramatically.  I
    expect the vast majority of telescope users to have an imaging camera
    before long; maybe we can convince a large fraction to start
    contributing photometry!
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------
    5. NOVEMBER NMO TARGETS FOR CCDs

      By Mike Simonsen (SXN)

      In March of 2003 an informal initiative to coordinate efforts of
    observers to provide better coverage of stars in need of more
    observations (NMOs) was created.

      The main idea was to share the observing between visual and CCD
    observers. Visual observers would concentrate on targets brighter than
    13.5V and CCD observers would concentrate on obtaining positive
    observations fainter than 13.5V.

      In hopes of getting some of you to contribute to this initiative I
    have identified some appropriate targets for CCD observers in
    November.

    Z Ari- (10.2-<15.0) Currently around the threshold of 13.5V and
    fading, this one is ready to be handed off to CCD observers.

    SV Aql- (10.2-<15.5) Probably on the rise from minimum, but the data
    has significant scatter. The sequence probably doesn't help much. This
    light curve needs help.

    EU Aql- (11.4-15.1) At or near the 13.5 threshold and fading, this
    star lies in a particularly busy Milky Way field. Not recommended for
    beginners or the faint of heart. There is new photometry for this
    field from Arne Henden in V and Ic, and the chart team is working on
    new charts, but it will be a while before they are available. You can
    get the data from Arne's ftp site.
    [link removed]

    VY Aur- (10.3-14.7) Fading towards minimum, this one is favorably
    placed for months to come.

    RX Del- (10.2-<15.5) This one has just reached the mid 13's and is
    fading to minimum. The AAVSO charts have a good CCD(V) sequence from
    R. Zissell.  Still well placed in the evening.

    SU Cnc- (10.5-<15.4) Currently in the 14th mag range, most likely
    headed for minimum. You should be able to follow this one for several
    months and get observations from minimum to maximum by the time it is
    lost to the sun again.

    AU Cyg- (8.7-15.5) New charts with a Henden sequence are now available
    for this star. Visual observers lost it around mid-October in the 15th
    mag range. Faint observations are needed to fill out the bottom of the
    curve. The trend in the last four cycles seems to indicate it is
    experiencing progressively fainter minima.

    SS Del- (11.3-<16.0) This Mira has a relatively short period (194d),
    so more frequent observations are appropriate. The sequence and charts
    for this star are very good. Currently in the 16th mag range, heading
    for minimum.  Go deep!

    UZ Gem- (8.8-<15.0) This one is truly in need of more observations.  
    There is scant data for it when fainter than 11th magnitude. It is in
    the 15th magnitude range now, so probably on the rise, but who knows?
    Ugly charts with a totally inadequate sequence do not help the
    situation. Be careful in identifying the variable.

    SU Lyr- (11.2-<18.0) Few positive visual observations of this faint
    LPV exist fainter than 15V. It is reported to be in the 17th magnitude
    range currently. This is an obvious CCD target. There are good charts
    with a CCD(V) sequence available.

    R PsA- (9.2-14.7) Scant observations indicate it is 13+ and fading.  
    This is another star that may be exhibiting progressively fainter
    minima recently. CCD observations would help define the bottom of this
    curve. A poor sequence and declination of -29 degrees contribute to
    the scant data. Southern observers are encouraged to help out on this
    one.

    S Tau- (10.2-15.3) Visual observers lost this one in the low 14's in
    October. Positive faint observations are needed around minimum. With a
    period just over one year, the maxima keep getting missed while in
    conjunction with the sun, so there is not a lot of recent data on this
    star. Follow it as long as possible.

    Z Tau- (9.8-13.9::)  Z Tau has a close 14th mag companion that
    probably has disguised the actual minima of this star for ages. It is
    in a good field with lots of comparisons, and RU Tau is close by; a
    two for one bargain! New charts and sequences for both of these will
    be released in the coming month. Henden photometry is available on his
    ftp site: [link removed]

    If you are looking for other challenging faint targets you can
    download the NMO Planning Tool from the website.

    http://www.aavso.org/aavso-bulletin

    Stars are sorted by their current status, so you can skim the list for stars fainter than 13.5v
    relatively easily.

    Good luck and clear skies.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------
    6. BLAZAR REPORT & NEW CHARTS - GET IN EARLY!

      In the last issue we called for observations of 9 blazars. We
    received 203 total observations. Out of those, 55 were CCD. All of
    the CCD observations were done with a filter. Way to go! Below is a
    list of CCD observers ranked by how many observations they made of
    the GTN blazars:

     Obs Rank   Who      What
         1      RSE     BL Lac, 3C 66A, Mark 41, Mark 501 & 2344+514
         2      MDA     BL Lac
         3      JM         3C 66A, Mark 501
         3      WDZ     BL Lac and 3C 66A
         5      OAR     3C 66A, Mark 501
         5      DIL     3C 66A
         5      SDY     BL Lac
         8      GBL     Mark 501, OI+158, 2344+514
         8      GMZ     BL Lac
        10      HDU        BL Lac
        10      RR         BL Lac
        10      MDW     BL Lac
        10      MMG     3C 66A

      This is a CCD publication, but visual monitoring is needed as
    well. Thanks to visual observers MUY, KRB, PUJ, OJR, VJA, HUZ, GMZ,
    SXN, STR, MGH, PYG, TDB, & SUI for their data.

      It's a good start but we need more so we can set an accurate
    baseline for these stars (except BL Lac which seems to be well
    covered for now). Please add these blazars to your program and
    observe them once per week in CCDV and in R, Ic if you have the
    appropriate filters.

      Also, CCD charts for 5 new blazars have been published. Please
    observe these as well. Most of these are not well observed at all so
    any new data will add to our knowledge of these objects' behavior!

        0106+22  S2 0109+22
        1746+09  OT 081
        1749+70  S4 1749+70
        1806+78  S5 1803+78
        2002-49  PKS2005-48

      We have *no* recent observations of those objects in our database.
    This is a great opportunity to get in early!
     
      Nice & new charts for all these objects are available at:
                http://www.aavso.org/vsp
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------
    7. UV PER OUTBURST

      UV Per (UGSU) appears to be in outburst for the first time
    since late December of 2000. So far there are no reports of this
    being a superoutburst. However, in 1989 and 1996 UV Per
    experienced an outburst followed by a superoutburst and then a
    post superoutburst brightening resulting in 3 different light
    curve peaks. So careful monitoring over the next 10 days is
    warranted.

     Please observe UV Per closely and report your observations to
    the AAVSO as soon as possible. Get high quality and high resolution
    data to look for superhumps that may signify a superoutburst.

     Charts of UV Per, revised in November of 2002 are available here:
    http://www.aavso.org/vsp

     The f-chart has CCDV photometry from Arne Henden good for visual
    and .1 mag CCDV use. For more accurate V & B photometry consult
    Arne's DAT file:
      [link removed]

    Light curves:

     Recent light curve:
    http://www.aavso.org/lcg

     All 34,000+ observations (except fainter thans) dating back to 1933:
    http://www.aavso.org/ql

     Close up of light curve of last outburst:
    http://www.aavso.org/lcg

    Last CCD observation:
            UV PER     OCT 08.1243 <17.2   GKA   CCDV
    Latest UV Per visual observations:
                UV PER       NOV 05.7361  11.7   MUY
            UV PER     NOV 05.8201  11.8   NDQ   
            UV PER     NOV 05.8632  11.6   GGU

        GKA - GRAHAM, KEITH A (ILLINOIS)
        MUY - MUYLLAERT, EDDY (BELGIUM)
        NDQ - NAILLON, DOMINIQUE (FRANCE)
        GGU - GILEIN, GUUS (NETHERLANDS)
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------
    8. RETURN OF CCD POINTS

      The last few CCD Views felt empty to me. While full of good and
    useful information there was a hole in there. I think it was the lack
    of CCD Points. So they're back, this time for good. I'll also give
    you some insight into the super-secret-mega-formula that goes into
    computing them.  Each observation is worth one point. But it can gain
    points and fraction of points for a variety of things.

      + Observing stars mentioned in previous CCD Views, Special
        News Flashes or Alert Notices
      + Observing bulletin stars in need of more observing
        (points vary based on the need of data)
      + Observations reported with uncertainty ("Err:" field)
      + Transformed observations ("Transformed:" field)
      + Faint observations (points dependant on magnitude)
      + Observations done with a BVRcIc filter
      + Observations done within a few days of the full moon
      + Total number of objects observed
      + If your observer code is PAH you get a bonus of 10,000 points

      Eventually I'll start a column for running FY total and ranking.
    Send any recommendations for point modification to aavso@aavso.org.

      REMINDER: CCD Points are *not* an official AAVSO report and carry
    no weight at HQ. They are provided purely for fun and to start
    barroom brawls at AAVSO meetings.

      Now without further adieu...

     Pts    Obs    Observer
     5386   896    JM  JAMES, ROBERT A. (LAS CRUCES,NM,USA)
     1042   1098   COO COOK, LEWIS M. (CONCORD,CA,USA)
     971    135    MMU MUNKACSY, MARK J. (PORTSMOUTH,RI,USA)
     733    116    GKA GRAHAM, KEITH A. (MANHATTEN,IL,USA)
     438    38     MDW MACDONALD II, WALTER J. (WINCHESTER,ONTARIO,CANADA)
     304    210    OAR OKSANEN, ARTO (FIN-40950 MUURAME,FINLAND)
     257    31     RSE ROBINSON, STEPHEN E. (ROCKVILLE,MD,USA)
     249    19     GFB GOFF, WILLIAM (SUTTER CREEK,CA,USA)
     180    45     MTK MICHALIK, TOM (LYNCHBURG,VA,USA)
     144   <10     WJC WOJCIK, JAN (POTSDAM,NY,USA)
     135    16     VST VALENTINI, STEFANO (CRESPADORO,ITALY)
     126    10     GMZ GRAZIANI, MAURO (FUSIGNANO 48010 (RA),ITALY)
     121   <10     ARJ ARNOLD, JAMES E. (HUNTSVILLE,AL,USA)
     111    11     ZRE ZISSELL, RONALD E. (SOUTH HADLEY,MA,USA)
     99    <10     NMI NICHOLAS, MICHAEL (GLENDALE,AZ,USA)
     87    <10     WDZ WELLS, DON (MISSOURI CITY,TX,USA)
     85    <10     GRL GRANSLO, BJORN H. (,NORWAY)
     85     12     NLX NELSON, PETER ROBERT (VICTORIA 3820,AUSTRALIA)
     50    <10     RR  ROYER, RONALD E. (SPRINGVILLE,CA,USA)
     50    <10     CJS CASE, JAMES A. (KANSAS CITY,MO,USA)
     49    <10     WGR WALKER, GARY (SHERBORN,MA,USA)
     39    <10     LIW LILLER, WILLIAM (RENACA - VINA DEL MAR,CHILE)
     28    <10     SQC SUSLAVAGE, CHARLES A. (CORONA,CA,USA)
     27    <10     DIL DILLON, WILLIAM G. (MISSOURI CITY,TX,USA)
     12    <10     WJD WEST, JERRY DOUG (MULVANE,KS,USA)

     These points reflect observations from October 1, 2003 (beginning
    of the AAVSO fiscal year) until November 6, 2003. As before, we don't
    include the observation totals of those with less then 10 observations
    so as to avoid betraying the CCD Points formula!
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------

         An archive of "CCD Views" is available at http://www.aavso.org/ccd-views.

         An archive of "Eyepiece Views," a similar newsletter intended for visual observers, is available at http://www.aavso.org/eyepiece-views.

     Good observing!

     Aaron Price, AAVSO Technical Assistant (PAH)
     Gary Walker, Chairman of the AAVSO CCD Committee (WGR)

    Copyright 2003, American Association of Variable Star Observers
     

    Tags: 

              Post Quantum        
         Quantum computers have been successfully used to factor numbers.  Many are of the opinion that quantum computers won’t be scaled up enough to represent a threat to cryptography for some years to come.  I disagree.      Here are a … Continue reading
              Policy & Procedure for External Commercial Borrowings (ECB), India        

    Policy & Procedure for External Commercial Borrowings (ECB)

    I. ECB POLICY:

    1. External Commercial Borrowings (ECBs) are defined to include commercial bank loans, buyers' credit, suppliers' credit, securitised instruments such as Floating Rate Notes and Fixed Rate Bonds etc., credit from official export credit agencies and commercial borrowings from the private sector window of Multilateral Financial Institutions such as International Finance Corporation (Washington), ADB, AFIC, CDC, etc.

    2. ECBs are being permitted by the Government as a source of finance for Indian Corporates for expansion of existing capacity as well as for fresh investment.

    3. The policy seeks to keep an annual cap or ceiling on access to ECB, consistent with prudent debt management.

    4. The policy also seeks to give greater priority for projects in the infrastructure and core sectors such as Power, oil Exploration, Telecom, Railways, Roads & Bridges, Ports, Industrial Parks and Urban Infrastructure etc. and the export sector. Development Financial Institutions, through their sub-lending against the ECB approvals are also expected to give priority to the needs of medium and small scale units.

    5. Applicants will be free to raise ECB from any internationally recognised source such as banks, export credit agencies, suppliers of equipment, foreign collaborators, foreign equity-holders, international capital markets etc. offers from unrecognised sources will not be entertained.

    AVERAGE MATURITIES FOR ECB

    6. ECBs should have the following minimum average maturities :

    a) Minimum average maturity of three years for external commercial borrowings equal to or less than USD 20 million equivalent in respect of all sectors except 100% EOUs;

    b) Minimum average maturity of five years for external commercial borrowings greater than USD 20 million equivalent in respect of all sectors except 100% EOUs;

    c) 100% Export oriented Units (EOUs) are permitted ECB at a minimum average maturity of three years for any amount.

    d) Bonds and FRNs can be raised in tranches of different maturities as long as the average maturity of the different tranches within the same overall approval taken together satisfies the maturity criteria prescribed in the ECB guidelines. In such cases, it is expected that longer term borrowings would necessarily precede that of the shorter tenors. The longer the initial tenor the shorter the subsequent tranches can be within the average maturity.

    USD 5 MILLION SCHEME

    7. All Corporates and Institutions are permitted to raise ECB upto USD 5 million equivalent at a minimum simple maturity of 3 years. Borrowers may utilise the proceeds under this window for general corporate objectives without any end-use use restrictions excluding investments in stock-markets or in real estate. The loan amount may be raised in one or more tranches subject to the caveat that the total outstanding loan under this scheme at any point of time should not exceed USD 5 million. Each tranche should have a minimum simple maturity of 3 years.

    As a measure of simplification and de-regulation for the benefit of corporates and institutions, Government have delegated the sanctioning powers to Reserve Bank of India (RBI) under this scheme with effect from 15th December, 1996 and further delegation with effect from 01/01/1999. Corporates and Institutions are advised to submit their applications under this scheme to the Exchange Control Department of RBI, Mumbai.

    EXPORTERS/FOREIGN EXCHANGE EARNERS

    8. Corporates who have foreign exchange earnings are permitted to raise ECB upto thrice the average amount of annual exports during the previous three years subject to a maximum of USD 200 million without end-use restrictions, i.e. for general corporate objectives excluding investments in stock markets or in real estate. The minimum average maturity will be three years upto USD 20 million equivalent and five years for ECBs exceeding USD 20 million. The maximum level of entitlement in any one year is a cumulative limit and debt outstanding under earlier approvals (earstwhile USD 15 million exporters scheme and thereafter) will be netted out to determine annual eligibility.

    INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS

    9. Holding Companies/promoters will be permitted to raise ECB upto a maximum of USD 50 million equivalent to finance equity investment in a subsidiary/joint venture company implementing infrastructure projects. This flexibility is being given in order to enable domestic investors in infrastructure projects to meet the minimum domestic equity requirements.

    10. In case the debt is to be raised by more than one promoter for a single project then the total quantum of loan by all promoters put together should not exceed USD 50 million.

    LONG-TERM BORROWERS

    11. (i) ECB of eight years average maturity and above will be outside the ECB ceiling, though MOF/RBI's prior approval for such borrowings would continue to be necessary. The extent of debt under this window will be reviewed by the Government periodically.

    (ii) Funds raised under this window will not be subject to end-use restriction other than that relating to investment in real estate and stock market upto the extent of:

    (a) USD 200 million if the maturity is 8 years and above but less than 16 years.

    (b) USD 400 million if the average maturity is 16 years and above.

    (iii) Amounts raised above the limit at ii(a) and (b) will be subject to the normal end- conditions prescribed under the general ECB guidelines.

    (iv) To be eligible for this purpose, the long term debt instrument should not include any "put" or "call" options potentially reducing the stated maturities.

    (v) Development Financial Institutions may raise ECB under this window in addition to their normal annual allocation covered by the cap.

    (vi) Borrowings under this long-term window which are exempted from the cap are not eligible for the purpose of enhancing the maturity of shorter term borrowing prescribed under normal ECB window to reach the required average maturity. In case borrowings 8 years maturity & above are to be used to lengthen the maturity of shorter term borrowing then the entire amount must be treated as within the cap.

    (vii) Utilisation of the ECB approved earlier under the regular ECB cap will not be a limiting factor for considering proposals under the long term maturity window. However, additional borrowing under either of the window, i.e., regular or under long-term maturity, is subject to utilisation of earlier approvals in the same window.

    (viii) Corporates may raise these borrowings either through FRN/Bond Issues/Syndicated Loan etc. as long as the maturity and the interest spread are maintained as per the guidelines.

    (ix) Project appraisal report is not necessary if funds are raised under the long-term maturity window to be utilised for general corporate objectives subject to the limits prescribed at para (ii) above.

    ON-LENDING BY DFIs AND OTHER FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES

    12. While DFIs are required to adhere to the average maturity criteria prescribed, namely, minimum of five years for loans more than USD 20 million equivalent and minimum three years for loans less than or equal to USD 20 million quivalent for their borrowing, they are permitted to on-lend at different maturities. They may also on-lend for project-related Rupee expenditure. However, other financial intermediaries are required to adhere to the general ECB guidelines on maturity as well as end-use in their on-lending programmes.

    13. All financial intermediaries, including DFIs, are required to on-lend their external commercial borrowings within 12 months of drawdown. 14. To enable better utilisation of ECBs by DFIs, it has been decided that DFIs would be permitted to onlend such Recycled Funds (available with them on account of time mismatch between repayment obligation of their sub-borrowers vis-a-vis those of DFIs to the offshore lenders), out of original ECBs only for import of capital goods and project-related rupee expenditure. Such Recycled Funds may not be onlent for the following purposes :

    (i) Investment in Real Estate;

    (ii) Investment in Stock markets including secondary market trading;

    (iii) Working capital purposes;

    (iv) General corporate purposes;

    END-USE REQUIREMENTS

    15. (A) External commercial loans are to be utilised for import of capital goods and services (on FOB or CIF basis) and for project reletated expenditure in all sectors subject to following conditions:

    (a) ECB raised for project-related rupee expenditure must be brought into the country immediately.

    (b) ECB raised for import of capital goods and services should be utilised at the earliest and corporates should strictly comply with RBI's extant guidelines on parking ECBs outside till actual imports. RBI would be monitoring ECB proceeds parked outside.

    (c) ECB raised is not permitted for investment in stock market or in real estate.

    (B) Corporate borrowers will be permitted to raise ECB to acquire ships/vessels from Indian shipyards. (C) Under no circumstances, ECB proceeds will be utilised for -

    ( i) Investment in stock market; and

    (ii) Speculation in real estate.

    PROCEEDS FROM BONDs, FRNs & SYNDICATED LOAN

    16. Corporate borrowers who have raised ECB for import of capital goods and services through Bonds/FRN/Syndicated loans are permitted to remit funds into India. The funds can be utilised for activities as per their business judgement except investment in stock market or in real estate, for upto one year or till the actual import of capital goods and services takes place, whichever is earlier. In case borrowers decide to deploy the funds abroad till the approved end-use requirement arises, they can do so as per the RBI's extant guidelines. RBI guidelines would have to be strictly adhered to. RBI would be monitoring ECB proceeds parked outside. Sanction of additional ECB to the Company would be considered only after the Company has certified, that it has fully utilised the amount for the purpose(s) they were raised.

    ECB ENTITLEMENT FOR NEW PROJECTS

    17. All infrastructure and greenfield projects will be permitted to avail ECB to an extent of 35% of the total project cost, as appraised by a recognised Financial Institution/Bank, subject to the fulfillment of other ECB guidelines. However, ECB limits for telecom projects are more flexible and an increase from the present 35% to 50% of the project cost (including the license fee) will be allowed as a matter of course. Greater flexibility may also be allowed in case of power projects and other infrastructure projects based on merits.

    INTEREST RATE FOR PROJECT FINANCING

    18. At present, interest rate limits on ECB for project financing (i.e. to say non-recourse financing) allow interest spreads above LIBOR/US Treasury to be higher than for normal ECB. Keeping market conditions in mind, some flexibility will be permitted in determining the spread on merits. In order to give borrowers greater flexibility in designing a debt strategy, upto 50% of the permissible debt may be allowed in the form of sub-ordinated debt at a higher interest rate, provided the composite spread for senior and sub-ordinated debt taken together comes within the overall project financing limit.

    STRUCTURED OBLIGATIONS

    19. In order to enable corporates to hedge exchange rate risks and raise resources domestically, Domestic Rupee Denominated Structured obligations would be permitted to be Credit enhanced by International Banks/International Financial Institutions/Joint Venture Partners subject to following conditions :-

    (a) In the event of default, foreign banks giving guarantee will make payment of defaulted amount of principal and interest after bringing in the equivalent amount of foreign exchange into the country.

    (b) FERA clearance should be obtained from RBI in advance of issuance.

    (c) Prior clearance for rupee bonds/debenture issue from RBI/SEBI should be obtained.

    (d) In the event of default, the default should be foreign exchange equivalent amount equal to the principal and interest outstanding calculated in rupee terms.

    (e) The liability of Indian company will always be rupee denominated and the debt servicing may be done in equivalent foreign exchange funds.

    (f) The guarantee fee/commission/charges and other incidental expenses to the Indian company should be in rupee terms only. All-in-cost on this account should not exceed 3% p.a. in rupee terms.

    (g) In case of the proposals relating to sectors where conditions apply clearances e.g. relating to the assignability licenses etc., these should be obtained in advance.

    (h) In case of default, the interest rate could be coupon on the Bond/or 250 bps over prevailing secondary market yield of 5-year GOI security, whichever is higher.

    OTHER TERMS AND CONDITIONS

    20. Apart from the maturity and end-use requirements as per paras above, the financial terms and conditions of each ECB proposal are required to be reasonable and market-related. The choice of the sourcing of ECB currency of the loan, and the interest rate basis (i.e. floating or fixed), will be left to the borrowers.

    SECURITY

    21. The choice of security to be provided to the lenders/suppliers will also be left to the borrowers. However, where the security is in the form of a guarantee from an Indian Financial Institution or from an Indian Scheduled Commercial Bank, counter-guarantee or confirmation of the guarantee by a Foreign Bank/Foreign Institution will not be permitted.

    EXEMPTION FROM WITHHOLDING TAX

    22. Interest @ payable by an industrial undertaking@ in India, related to external commercial borrowings as approved by GOI/RBI would be eligible for tax exemptions as per Section 10(15)(iv)(b), (d) to (g) of the Income Tax Act, 1961. Exemptions under Section 10(15)(iv)(b), (d) to (g) are granted by Department of Economic Affairs while exemption under Section 10(15)(iv)(c) is granted by Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance. @ as defined in the Income Tax Act, 1961 amended from time to time.

    APPROVAL UNDER FERA

    23. After receiving the approval from ECB Division, Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, the applicant is required to obtain approval from the Reserve Bank of India under the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973, and to submit an executed copy of the Loan Agreement to this Department for taking the same on record, before obtaining the clearance from RBI for drawing the loan. Monitoring of end-use of ECB will continue to be done by RBI.

    24. At present, ECB approvals under USD 3 million scheme (enhanced to US 5 million) is given by RBI and all other ECB proposals are processed in DEA. As a measure of further simplification and rationalisation, Government has decided to delegate the ECB sanctioning power to RBI up to USD 10 million under all the ECB schemes except structured obligation which is at present being administered by DEA. Accordingly, applications for approval upto USD 10 million will be considered by the Exchange Control Department of RBI, Mumbai. This change in the ECB guidelines would be effective from 1.1.1999. Accordingly, corporates seeking ECBs utpo USD 10 million may approach RBI after 1.1.1999 and applications received in the ECB Division, Ministry of Finance prior to 1.1.1999 will be processed by Ministry of Finance.

    SHORT-TERM LOAN FROM RBI

    25. While ECB for minimum maturity of three years and above will be sanctioned by Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, approvals of short term foreign currency loans with a maturity of less than three years will be sanctioned by RBI, according to RBI guidelines.

    VALIDITY OF APPROVAL

    26. Approvals are valid for a period of six months, i.e. the executed copy of the loan agreement is required to be submitted within this period. In the case of FRNs, Bonds etc., the same are required to be launched within this period. In case of power projects, the validity of the approval will be for a period of one year and 9 months in the case of telecom sector project . Bonds, Debentures, FRNs and other such instruments will have additional validity period of three months for all the ECB approvals across the board. Extension will not be granted beyond the validity period. However, borrowers are free to submit fresh application, after a gap of one month from the expiry of validity period which will be evaluated in the light of the ECB guidelines applicable at that time. In case of infrastructure projects, however, because financial closure may get delayed for reasons beyond the investor's control, extension of validity may be considered on merits.

    PRE-PAYMENT OF ECB

    27. a) Prepayment facility would be permitted if they are met out of inflow of foreign equity.

    b) In addition to ECB being prepaid out of foreign equity, corporates can avail either of following two options for prepayment of their ECBs:

    (i) On permission by the Government, prepayment may be undertaken, within the permitted period, of all ECBs with residual maturity up to one year. OR

    (ii) Prepayment upto 10% of outstanding ECB to be permitted once during the life of the loan, subject to the company complying with the ECB approval terms. Those companies who had already availed prepayment facility of 20% earlier would not be eligible.

    c) Validity of permission under the above two options will be as under :

    (i) Prepayment approval for ECBs other than Bonds/Debentures/FRNs will be 15 days or period up to next interest payment date, whichever is later.

    (ii) In case of Bonds/FRNs, validity of permission will not be more than 15 days. Prepayment will be allowed with the prior permission of ECB sanctioning authority i.e. Department of Economic Affairs, Government of India/ECD, RBI.

    REFINANCING THE EXISTING FOREIGN CURRENCY LOAN

    28. Refinancing of outstanding amounts under existing loans by raising fresh loans at lower costs may also be permitted on a case-to-case basis, subject to the condition that the outstanding maturity of the original loan is maintained. Rolling over of ECB will not be permitted.

    29. A corporate borrowing overseas for financing its Rupee-related expenditure and swapping its external commercial borrowings with another corporate which requires foreign currency funds will not be permitted.

    LIABILITY MANAGEMENT

    30. Corporates can undertake liability management for hedging the interest and/or exchange rate risk on their underlying foreign currency exposure. Prior approval of this Department or RBI has been dispensed with for concluding or winding up of the following transactions:

    (i) Interest rate swaps

    (ii) Currency swaps

    (iii) Coupon swaps

    (iv) Purchase of interest rate caps/collars

    (v) Forward rate agreements Corporates may refer to RBI's Circular No. A.D.(M.A. Series) Circular No. 12 dated August 5, 1996 (Annex.I).

    II. PROCEDURE FOR SEEKING ECB APPROVAL:

    31. Applications for approval up to USD 10 million will be considered by the Exchange Control Department of RBI, Mumbai, w.e.f. 01/ 01/ 1999

    32. Applications for amount more than USD 10 million and under structured obligation may be submitted by the borrowers in the prescribed format (Annex. II) to the Joint Secretary (ECB), Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance, North Block, New Delhi-110 001.

    33. The application should contain the following information:

    i) An offer letter from the lender giving the detailed terms and conditions;

    ii) Copy of Project Appraisal Report from a recognised Financial Institution/Bank, if applicable;

    iii) Copies of relevant documents and approvals from Central/State Governments, wherever applicable, such as FIPB, CCEA and SIA clearances, environmental clearance, techno-economic clearance from Central Electricity Authority, valid licenses from Competent Authorities, no objection certificate from Ministry of Surface Transport, evidence of exports/foreign exchange earnings from the statutory auditor based on the bankers realisation certificate, registration with RBI in case of NBFCs, approval for overseas investment from RBI etc.

    REVIEW

    34. The ECB guidelines and procedures will be periodically reviewed by the Government in the light of prudent management of external debt, changing market conditions, sectoral requirements etc.

    35. The ECB policy and procedures outlined above is operative from 1st April, 1999.

    36. Guidelines are available at web site http://www.nic.in/finmin

    Annexure- I

    RESERVE BANK OF INDIA

    EXCHANGE CONTROL DEPARTMENT

    CENTRAL OFFICE

    MUMBAI- 400 001

    A.D. (M.A. Series) Circular No. 12 August 5, 1996

    To All Authorised Dealers in Foreign Exchange

    Dear Sirs,

    Hedging of Loan Exposures

    1. As authorised dealers are aware, presently Indian corporates are required to obtain approval on a case-to-case basis from the Ministry of Finance, Government of India, before concluding of unwinding transactions relating to liability management.

    2. It has since been decided to permit authorised dealers to offer the undernoted products to corporates either by booking the transaction overseas or on a back-to-back basis, without prior approval of the Government or Reserve Bank.

    (i) Interest rate swaps

    (ii) Currency swaps

    (iii) Coupon swaps

    (iv) Purchase of Interest rate caps/ collars

    (v) Forward Rate Agreements

    3. Before entertaining the corporate's request, authorised dealers should ensure that -

    ( i) the Reserve Bank has accorded final approval for the conclusion of the underlined loan transaction.

    (ii) the notional principal amount of the hedge does not exceed the outstanding amount of the foreign currency loan.

    (iii) the maturity of the hedge does not exceed the remaining life to maturity of the underlying loan.

    (iv) the Board of Directors of the corporate has approved (one-time) the financial limits and authorised designated officials to conclude the hedge transactions.

    4. Corporates shall also be permitted to unwind from a hedge transaction without prior approval of the Government/ Reserve Bank.

    5. Authorised dealers should also ensure that the corporates submit the following reports/certificate:

    (a) A report showing complete details of the transactions concluded (booked as well as cancelled) duly countersigned by the authorised dealer to the Regional office of the Reserve Bank under whose jurisdiction they are situated, within a week from the date of conclusion of the transaction.

    (b) A quarterly report to the corporate's Board, furnishing details of all such transactions and a copy thereof alongwith Board's resolution.

    (c) An annual certificate from the statutory auditors that the company has complied with all the prescribed terms and conditions.

    6. Payment of upfront premia, if any, as well as all other charges incidental to the hedging transactions may be affected by authorised dealers without prior approval of Reserve Bank.

    7. Authorised dealers should ensure that the hedge transactions are allowed to be put through solely for the purpose of liability management and on no account should 'stand alone' deals be permitted.

    8. Consequently; a new paragraph 3C, 14 may be added as per slip in Part C of Chapter 3 of the Exchange Control Manual (1993 edition) and a suitable entry may be made in Index thereto.

    9. The directions contained in this circular have been issued under Section 73(3) of the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973 (46 of 1973) and any contravention or non-observance thereof is subject to the penalties prescribed under the Act.

    Chief General Manager


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              Venture Capital and Private Equity        

    Venture Capital
    is a form of "risk capital". In other words, capital that is invested in a business where there is a substantial element of risk relating to the future creation of profits and cash flows. Risk capital is invested as shares (equity) rather than as a loan and the investor requires a higher "rate of return" to compensate him for his risk.



    Venture Capital provides long-term, committed share capital, to help unquoted companies grow and succeed. If an entrepreneur is looking to start-up, expand, buy-into a business, buy-out a business in which he works, turnaround or revitalize a company, venture capital could help do this. Obtaining venture capital is substantially different from raising debt or a loan from a lender. Lenders have a legal right to interest on a loan and repayment of the capital, irrespective of the success or failure of a business. As a shareholder, the venture capitalist's return is dependent on the growth and profitability of the business. This return is generally earned when the venture capitalist "exits" by selling its shareholding in the business.

    Venture Capital in India

    History of Venture Capital in India dates back to early 70's when Govt of India appointed a committee laid by Late Shri R.S.Bhatt to find out the ways to meet a void in conventional financing for funding start-up companies based on absolutely new innovative technologies. Such companies either did not get any financial support or the funding was inadequate which resulted into their early mortality. The committee recommended starting of Venture Capital industry in India. In mid 80's three all India financial institutions viz IDBI, ICICI, IFCI started investing into the equity of small technological companies.

    In Nov 1988, Govt of India decided to institutionalize Venture Capital Industry and announce guidelines in the parliament. Controller of Capital issues implemented these guidelines known as CCI for VC. These guidelines were very restrictive and following a very narrow definition of VC. They required Venture Capital to be invested in companies based on innovative technologies started by first generation entrepreneur. This made VC investment highly risky and unattractive. Nonetheless many private initiatives were taken. At the same time World Bank selected 6 institutions to start VC investment in India. This included TDICICI (ICICI), GVFL, Canbank Venture Capital Fund, APIDC, RCTC (now known as IFCI Venture Capital Funds Ltd.) and ILF (now known as Pathfinder).

    In 1995, Govt of India permitted Foreign Finance companies to make investments in India and many foreign VC private equity firms entered India. In 1996, government announced guidelines to regulate the VC industry. Though there were many shortcomings these guidelines were the starting point.

    In 1997, IT boom in India made VC industry more significant. Due to symbiotic relationship between VC and IT industry, VC got more prominence as a major source of funding for the rapidly growing IT industry. Indian VC's which were so far investing in all the sectors changed their focus to IT and telecom industry.

    The recession during 1999 - 2001 took the wind out of VC industry. Most of the VC either closed down or wound-up their operations. Almost all of them changed their focus to existing successful firms for their growth and expansion. VC firms also got engaged into funding buyouts, privatisation and restructuring. Currently, just a few firms are taking the risk of investing into the start-up technology based companies.

    Difference between VC and private equity:

    Private equity refers to equity or quasi-equity investments in high-growth companies and includes buyouts, mezzanine financing, privatization and public as well as private deals. The private equity asset class includes venture capital, buyouts, and mezzanine investment activity. While venture capital focuses on investing in private, young, fast growing companies, private equity players largely provide mezzanine or bridge funding.

    What kind of businesses are attractive to venture capitalists:

    Venture capitalists prefer to invest in "entrepreneurial businesses". This does not necessarily mean small or new businesses. Rather, it is more about the investment's aspirations and potential for growth, rather by current size. Venture capital investors are interested in companies with high growth prospects, which are managed by experienced and ambitious teams who are capable of turning their business plan into reality.

    Process of investment by VC investors

    VC funds receive the proposals for investment either directly or through financial intermediaries. The process of investment by a VC funds begins with desk research on a deal. In case the deal evinces interest of VC funds, the Management Team is requested to present the Business model of company, unique aspects of business, future prospects and the investment proposal. During interaction, VC fund assesses the quality & competence of Management team with a view to get perspective on overall business prospects of investment proposal. In case, after discussions with Management team, VC investor finds the deal as investible proposition, a document containing terms of proposed investment known as term sheet, is devised and negotiated with Promoters for their concurrence.

    VC funds take up the venture for detailed due-diligence after getting final concurrence of Entrepreneurs on terms of proposed investment negotiated with them. The detailed due diligence of project is carried out by VC funds themselves or assigned to independent Advisors. The detailed due diligence of project is carried out to examine Business, financial and legal aspects of proposed investment. During the process of due diligence, VC funds also assess requirement of funds, stages & quantum of investment and related milestones for investment. The investee company is expected to provide all the cooperation to VC fund/ independent Advisor carrying out due diligence of its venture and explain material transactions undertaken by the company in the past.

    On successful completion of due diligence, depending on findings and in process of getting internal approvals for investment, VC funds may modify or stipulate such other conditions as are considered appropriate by them for investment in the company and accordingly negotiate changes/ modifications in the term sheet with the Entrepreneurs (also called Promoters). In case revised terms for investment are agreeable to Entrepreneurs, VC funds issue Letter of Intent for investment and require investee companies to complete formalities for availing investment. These formalities include execution of legal agreements by Promoters/ Investee companies, passing of requisite Board/ Company's resolution, obtaining approval of Govt. & other statutory approvals, etc. for facilitating investment.

    Thereafter, on request by companies for release the investment, VC funds, subject to compliance of pre-disbursement conditions and achievement of milestones stipulated for same, undertake investment in the company.

    During currency of investment, VC funds regularly monitor functioning of Investee companies, give inputs on strategic plans and guide companies for optimizing their performance. VC funds also pursue the Investee companies to orient their business plans & achieve performance targets to qualify for bringing out Initial Public offers (IPOs) and get listed on stock exchanges for providing exit from investment to VC funds.

    The process of investment and level of participation of VC funds in management of venture indicated above is illustrative and may vary depending on merits of a venture or strategy of a VC fund.

     

              India Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) Cap        

    FDI – Industrywise Sectoral Caps

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    Sectoral Caps/Limits on Investments by NRI or Foreign Companies for each Industry

    S. No. Sector Investment Cap Description of Activity/Items/Conditions

    1.

    Private Sector Banking

    49%

    Subject to guidelines issued by RBI from time to time

    2.

    Non-Banking Financial Com-panies (NBFC)

    100%

    FDI/NRI investments allowed in the following 19 NBFC activities shall be as per the levels indicated below :

    (a) Activities covered – Merchant Banking; Under Writing; Portfolio Management Services; Investment Advisory Services; Financial Consultancy; Stock-broking; Asset Management; Venture Capital; Custodial Services; Factoring; Credit Reference Agencies; Leasing & Finance; Housing Finance; Forex-broking; Credit Card Business; Money-changing Business; Micro-credit; Rural credit.


    (b) Minimum Capitalisation norms for fund based (NBFCs) – (i) For FDI upto 51%, US $ 0.5 million to be brought in upfront; (ii) If the FDI is above 51% and upto 75%, US $ 5 million to be brought upfront; (iii) If the FDI is above 75% and upto 100%, US $ 50 million out of which $ 7.5 million to be brought in upfront and the balance in 24 months.


    (c) Minimum Capitalisation norms for non-fund based activities – Minimum Capitalisation norm of US $ 0.5 million is applicable in respect of non-fund based NBFCs with foreign in¬vestment.


    (d) Foreign investors can set up 100% operating subsidi¬aries without the condition to disinvest a minimum of 25% of its equity to Indian entities, subject to bringing in US $ 50 million as at (b) (iii) above (without any restriction on number of oper¬ating subsidiaries without bringing in additional capital).


    (e) Joint Venture Operating NBFCs that have 75% or less than 75% foreign investment will also be allowed to set up sub¬sidiaries for undertaking other NBFC activities, subject to the subsidiaries also complying with the applicable minimum capital inflow i.e., (b)(i) and (b)(ii) above.


    (f) FDI in the NBFC sector is put on automatic route subject to compliance with guidelines of the Reserve Bank of India. RBI would issue appropriate guidelines in this regard.

    3.

    Insurance

    26%

    FDI upto 26% in the Insurance sector is allowed on the automatic route subject to obtaining licence from Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA)

    4.

    Telecom-munications

    49%

    (i) In basic, Cellular, Value Added Services, and Global Mobile Personal Communications by Satellite, FDI is limited to 49% subject to licencing and securi¬ty requirements and adherence by the companies (who are investing and the companies in which the investment is being made) to the license conditions for foreign equity cap and lock-in-period for transfer and addition of equity and other license provisions.