|Update (February 11, 2017) - '..ethical standards..' ('.. Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post..') (no replies)|| |
Update February 11, 2017: 'In an interview on Monday with E&E News, Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post, and from the way his criticisms were portrayed in the Mail on Sunday article.
Update February 09, 2017: 'Dr Batesâ main complaint is that Dr Karl and his co-authors did not follow strict procedures required for NOAAâs âoperationalâ data. It is not yet clear whether Dr Karl should have subjected his research data to the same procedures. Dr Karl, who retired from NOAA in August 2016, has not yet had the opportunity to respond fully to Dr Batesâ allegations.'
'..a failure to observe proper ethical standards..'
'Dr John Batesâs disclosures about the manipulation of data behind the âPausebusterâ paper is the biggest scientific scandal since âClimategateâ in 2009 when, as this paper reported, thousands of leaked emails revealed scientists were trying to block access to data, and using a âtrickâ to conceal embarrassing flaws in their claims about global warming.
'Whatever takes its place, said Dr Bates, âthere needs to be a fundamental change to the way NOAA deals with data so that people can check and validate scientific results. Iâm hoping that this will be a wake-up call to the climate science community â a signal that we have to put in place processes to make sure this kind of crap doesnât happen again.
Dr Bates said: âHow ironic it is that there is now this idea that Trump is going to trash climate data, when key decisions were earlier taken by someone whose responsibility it was to maintain its integrity â and failed.â '
'Dr Bates retired from NOAA at the end of last year after a 40-year career in meteorology and climate science. As recently as 2014, the Obama administration awarded him a special gold medal for his work in setting new, supposedly binding standards âto produce and preserve climate data recordsâ.
Context '..conduct more meetings on ethics .. Respectful discussion of different points of view should be encouraged.' - John Bates
Climategate: Follow the Money - By Bret Stephens
|'..Earth is warming more rapidly than previously thought was correct..' (no replies)|| Update February 11, 2017: '..ethical standards..' ('.. Dr. Bates appeared to distance himself from some of what he wrote in the blog post..')|
'A new study has shown that a 2015 NOAA paper finding that the Earth is warming more rapidly than previously thought was correct.
Focus Fusion - '..So, production reactors by 2020 or so.'
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|Tag! You're It|
Biologists catch and tag big sawfish in Florida waters
Food for Thought
Once a common top predator throughout coastal seas around the globe, sawfish have become remarkably rare. Indeed, today most populations are threatened with extinction. So spotting even one of these animals is reason to rejoice, notes Beau Yeiser of Mote Marine Laboratory in southern Florida. And this week, "we are nothing but giddy," he reports.
He and colleague Tonya Wiley just returned from a 2-day sawfish-scouting expedition during which they tagged a 7-foot male on Oct. 16. At that size, the strapping youth may be 5 to 7 years old, Yeiser says. He cautions, however, that estimating age is challenging "as we try and piece together the life history of this species. We don't even know its size at maturity yet."
These animalsâessentially flattened sharks with wingsâare members of the ray family. Only one species of this fish remains in U.S. waters, mostly off of Florida. Over the first half of the 20th century, this smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) was fished to the brink of extinctionâlargely by accident.
Although many cultures eat sawfishâthe animals' fins are especially prized in Asia as the featured ingredient in a pricey soupâmost of the animals in U.S. waters were landed and destroyed as bycatch, that is, nuisance species hauled in by commercial fishing fleets. The dire status of sawfish globally won these animals protection, last month, under a treaty banning international trade in endangered species (see Hammered Saws).
So far this year, Yeiser and Wiley have caught just 14 sawfish, most of them less than 4 feet long. Those would still be little kids, considering that these fish are almost a yard long at birth. Then again, the pair had expected only small ones because they've mainly been cruising coastal shallows this year in hopes of running into newborns and youngsters.
The scientists attach a numbered identification tag to the dorsal fin of every sawfish they catchâand then release the animal.
But last week's catch was so big that it qualified for a second identifier: a pop-up archival tag, or PAT. These recording devices are so heavy that they're reserved for large sawfishâat least 7-footers. To date, only some dozen of these animals have received PATs. Costing at least $4,000 each, these data-storage systems collect information every minute, for months, on the depth at which its host is swimming, the water temperature, and light levels. The latter information gets plugged into a computer program that roughly gauges the animal's geographic coordinates at any moment.
Researchers program a PAT to pop off the fish on a particular date. Once it floats to the surface, it sends its stored information in spurts, twice a day, to a satellite. That orbiting relay station then shoots those data back to Earth and the scientists' email addresses.
Last week's sawfish encounter took place in a southern Florida national wildlife refuge, in very shallow water. Investigated as a possible nursery, Yeiser says "I was expecting any sawfish that I might catch to be perhaps 4 to 5 feet in length." Instead, he found a much older juvenile. "But that's the beauty of this [sawfish] project; you never know what you are going to get when you're scouting a species that has not been studied much!"
Yeiser named the youth that he tagged last week Raloff. HmmmâI like the sound of that. Its tag is programmed to pop off on March 15. Stay tuned for an update on my namesake's travels.
If all goes well, that is.
A 7- and an 11-foot sawfish each received PATs in May. Although the satellite tags had been programmed to pop off 3 months later, they actually surfaced within just a couple weeks, Yeiser saysâand were never recovered.
So, each time biologists deploy the pricey devices, he says, "we just cross our fingers that they won't pop up earlyâor get lost in the middle of the Gulf."
Don't try this yourself
The sawfish is an endangered species, so federal law forbids its captureâexcept by researchers who have been granted a waiver. And even they need to release an animal after measuring and tagging it.
It's against the law to even harass the animals. Still, anglers may inadvertently snag one of the toothy marvels. When that happens, this species "should be released by keeping the fish in the water and cutting the line as close to the hook as possible," according to guidelines issued late last year by the National Marine Fisheries Service in St. Petersburg, Fla. "If it can be done safely, untangle the line if it is wrapped around the saw. Do not handle the animal or attempt to remove any hooks on the saw, except for with a long-handled dehooker," NOAA says.
Biologists request that any anglers who sight a sawfish report their encounter to the Mote lab. Its scientists are maintaining a database to help them identify important habitat for these endangered animals.
As interesting as these piscine oddities are, biologists would prefer that the public give the fish a wide berth. The primary reason: Approaching the animals can stress them, chase them from what should be waters safe from predators, or even interfere with their reproduction.
But there's another reason to steer clear, according to Captain Harvey Lee Hamilton, who charters a fishing boat out of Pineland, Fla. "I've caught plenty of sawfish in my life, and I'll tell you: They're dangerous. I'm still scared to death of them." Their sawsâwhich he terms bladesâare edged with dozens of razor-sharp "teeth." The muscular animals slash those saws from side to side to kill prey or defend themselves.
Says Hamilton: "Those fish get big, with blades that can go to at least 5 foot." And they slash those blades "so fast," he says, "that they could slice your feet off." Indeed, he told Science News Online: "I'd rather fight a shark than a sawfish."
If you would like to comment on this Food for Thought, please see the blog version.
Beau Yeiser and Tonya R. Wiley
Center for Shark Research
Mote Marine Laboratory
1600 Ken Thompson Parkway
Sarasota, FL 34236
Smalltooth Sawfish Coordinator
National Marine Fisheries Service
Southeast Regional Office, Protected Resources Division
263 13th Avenue South
St. Petersburg, FL 33071
2006. Mote scientists to help eBay identify species in new sawfish ban. Mote Marine Laboratory news release. Jan. 25. Available at [Go to].
Mote Marine Laboratory. How you can help save the U.S. smalltooth sawfish. Available at [Go to].
Raloff. J. 2007. Hammered saws. Science News 172(Aug. 11):90-92. Available at [Go to].
______. 2002. Clipping the fin trade. Science News 162(Oct. 12):232-234. Available at [Go to].
Sawfish in Peril: Sawfish Education Program. Available at [Go to].
We would like to announce a new job position opening as a Research Ecologist in the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center PIFSC), located in Honolulu, Hawaii.
The person in this position will conduct research in support of the PIFSC Cetacean and Hawaiian Monk Seal Research Programs. Research activities will include characterizing species' distribution and terrestrial/marine habitat use and predictive modeling for population assessment and recovery efforts.
Duties include: analyzes marine mammal spatial information; submits manuscripts for publication and works with other scientists to produce reports and scientific publications on the population assessment of Hawaiian monk seals and cetaceans; conducts and writes analysis to support permit applications for marine mammal conservation efforts; designs and develops studies on aspects of spatial distribution and other elements of Hawaiian monk seal ecology; conducts field studies as needed; works with other scientists and stakeholders to produce reports and presentations to inform the general public on the spatial ecology of Hawaiian monk seals and Pacific cetaceans.
This is a Permanent full time federal position. You must be a US Citizen to be accepted for this job.
For more details on job duties, application process and more please go to usajobs.gov and search for job number NMFS-PIC-2010-0012.
If you have any questions regarding the application process please contact the individual listed on the job announcement at the USAJobs website.
Applications close on April 2, 2010.
Lead Scientist, Hawaiian Monk Seal Research Program
NOAA Fisheries Service
|Marine Biologist - Clean Ocean Initiative, Inc. - MayagÃ¼ez, PR||Assist lead marine biologist or NOAA-NMFS staff with implementation of new procedures, policies or programs....|
From Indeed - Fri, 04 Aug 2017 15:09:12 GMT - View all MayagÃ¼ez, PR jobs
|You got your Syfy in my science||An Animal Planet documentary, which the station insists was intended to be taken as science fiction, has forced the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration to publicly deny the existence of mermaids. If you need me, I'll be out back, drinking whiskey and taking aim at the television. |
|Lehua Island rodenticide info|
SUBHEAD: Site available with links to articles, research and testimony letters about the aerial drop.
By Kawai Warren on 5 August 2017 in Island Breath -
Image above: There is no question that the introduction of rats, by humans, to Hawaii has been a disasters, especially for places like Lehua with ground nesting birds. Poisoning mammals may not directly kill birds but it may kill mammals like monk seals and whales near the shores where poison reaches the water. From (http://www.landcareresearch.co.nz/publications/newsletters/kararehe-kino/kararehe-kino-issue-19/which-toxin-is-best-for-eradicating-rodents).
A new website is now live for anyone wanting quick links to articles, research and public testimony letters about the Lehua aerial drop. The link is (https://www.lehua-island-hawaii-conservation.org/).
It is a resource for concerned residents, fishermen, journalists and scientists who need reliable information about the project.
The site states in part:
LEHUA ISLAND, 18 miles from Kaua'i in western Hawaii, is a rare and pristine State Wildlife Sanctuary. It harbors Federally-listed endangered and threatened species such as monk seals, green sea turtles, and three species of endangered birds.
Endangered loggerhead turtles have been sighted, and a rare species of reef coral (Cosinaraea wellsi) has been reported at a depth of 120 ft. Whales, dolphins, manta rays and eagle rays frequent the area. A native Hawaiian subsistence community of Ni'ihauans, 3/4 mile from Lehua, catches fish and ama crab in Lehua's waters to feed their families.
Starting August 8, 2017, the state Department of Land and Natural Resources and US Fish and Wildlife intend to drop approximately 11.5 tons of diphacinone rodenticide on Lehua Island.
The diphacinone rodenticide will enter the coastal waters below the high tide line, resulting in an unknown level of collateral damage to non-target species within this precious marine and cultural ecosystem.
In their agency comment letters, NOAA, the EPA, Hawaii Department of Health, and many scientists have expressed concern about the lack of baseline, Lehua-specific data to justify the poison drop, as well as lack of a rigorous monitoring commitment and enforcement mechanisms for the proposed biosecurity acitivities.
The EPA urged DLNR to conduct effective consultation with the local Hawaiian and marine community. Yet, two native Hawaiian organizations and a representative of OHA submitted comment letters and an Opposition Statement describing environmental justice issues and lack of inclusion in decisionmaking.
A public meeting called by DLNR to announce the Final Environmental Assessment for the aerial drop was met with intense community outrage.
In 2009 DLNR had conducted a very similar aerial drop of diphacinone on Lehua that failed in its rodent eradication goal. Mortalities that followed included two whales and a large-scale fish die off that agencies claimed were not related to the aerial rodenticide drop.
Nevertheless, following the 2009 diphacinone aerial drop, the head of Hawaii Department of Agriculture's Pesticide Branch, prior to his retirement, directed staff "not to issue aerial application permits that might result in pellets entering into marine ecosystems until the EPA develops study protocols for such ecosystems."
This Archive provides quick access links to official source documents, research reports and other official information for those wanting to learn more about the concerns raised in the Lehua aerial rodenticide operation.
The Archive was assembled through the input of scientists, legal researchers, policy watchdogs and others concerned about the lack of public awareness about this project, questionable statements made by agency staff, and significant omissions within the Environmental Assessment documents approved by the project's state and federal agencies.
Ea O Ka Aina: Impact of Lehua rat poisoning 6/8/17
Ea O Ka Aina: Navy operation coincides with fishkill 3/18/09
|Momarlanii - urmasii dacilor din Valea Jiului|
|Observatia unui etnic maghiar (dupa publicarea articolului cu titlul "Biblioteca Vaticanului confirma: dacii nu au fost romanizati niciodata, dacii erau de fapt stramosii romanilor condusi de Traian...")||Dupa toate descoperirile arheologice, dupa toate atestarile istorice, da, inca exista destui oameni care nu vor pur si simplu sa accepte adevarul istoric...|
Cu riscul de a da prea multa importanta personajului, sau ma rog, colectivului redactional al respectivului blog, va redau mai jos "Observatia" publicata pe http://pcmcluj.blogspot.de cu privire la articolul postat de mine (http://manifestulromanuluiscuipat.blogspot.ro/2014/02/bibliotecile-vaticanului-confirma-dacii.html).
Nu mai spun nimic altceva, va las pe dvs sa va lamuriti si sa va spuneti parerile la sectiunea de comentarii...
Cu toata pretuirea, Pavel Dinu
Citind articolul putem avea impresia cÄ am revenit Ã®n era "rÄposatului" ptr cÄ unii se vor din nou sÄ se afirme numai pe baza unor afirmaÅ£ii... DeÅi logica celui care a scris articolul ar fi asemÄnÄtor unei persoane din mediul rural - presupunem sÄnÄtos - Ã®nsÄ Ã®n mare mÄsurÄ tinde sÄ facÄ tot feluri de comparaÅ£ii, care nu prea sunt atestate-susÅ£inute de dovezi, ci numai pe oarecare - sau aÅazisÄ - logicÄ, numai de autor cunoscut.
Ca un exemplu se poate lua pe cea cu aÅazisÄ "ocupaÅ£ie" austriacÄ de la 1712-1867 (Åi nu pÃ®nÄ la termenele arÄtate Ã®n articol de 218 ani)
Cel care a scris articolul uitÄ - sau nu Åtie - cÄ Ã®ntre 1867-1918 Transilvania era Ã®nglobat(-anexat) ca Åi o unitate sinestÄtÄtoare Ã®n noua formaÅ£iune numit Austro-Ungaria. Teritoriul avea un guvernator! Asta a fost acceptatÄ Åi de regi al RomÃ¢niei Åi dacÄ se cerceteazÄ documentele de dupÄ 1920 se poate observa cÄ Åi Transilvania era condus de un "regent" (prinÅ£ul de atunci Åi rege pe urmÄ Ã®n persoana excelenÅ£ei sale regele Mihai...) cu sediul tocmai la Cluj!!!
Revenind la "formatiune sinestÄtoare" trebuie sÄ se Åtie cÄ pÃ¢nÄ Åi Monitorul Oficial al Austro-Ungariei era tipÄrit Ã®n 3(adicÄ trei) limbi: germana, maghiarÄ Åi romÃ¢nÄ - Ã®n acelaÅi format Åi impreunÄ!!!. Chiar mai mult cea Ã®n limba romÃ¢nÄ era tipÄrit cu litere specifice al acelei timpuri - adicÄ nu cu litere romane. Deci nu era obligatoriu sÄ Åtie limba germanÄ, deci influenÅ£a acestuia era destul de slabÄ Åi mai de grabÄ romÅ£nii Ã®nvÄÅ£au limba maghiarÄ caa sÄ se poate Ã®nÅ£elege cu vecini...
Autorul articolului nu Åtie cÄ mulÅ£i Ã®nvÄÅ£aÅ£i de origine romÃ¢nÄ au avut posibilitatea sÄ Ã®nveÅ£e Ã®n limba natalÄ Åi asta datoritÄ insistenÅ£ei greco-catolicilor, care Ã®ncÄ de la formare lor au folosit toate posibilitÄÅ£ile de a avea Åcoli Åi Ã®n sate locuite de romÃ¢ni - mult Ã®naintea anexÄrii Transilvaniei (din 1712) la Imperiul Austriac. Lucrul acesta era bine Åtiut Åi acceptat pentru cÄ preoÅ£ii greco-catolici puteau sÄ se cÄsÄtoreascÄ Åi ca doamnele preotese puteau deveni Ã®nvÄÅ£Ätoare ptr copiii enoriaÅilor. Simplu Åi eficient.
DacÄ aÅ fi fost Ã®n locul celui care scris articolul m-aÅ fi ferit de problema cu ADN ptr cÄ se Åtie cÄ Ã®n Bazinul Carpatic s-a gÄsit cea mai veche rÄdÄcina al structurii nucleonice(unii au Åi dat numele de EU-19, de la prima adicÄ 1 Åi ultima cifra 9). Acest fapt a dus la o concluzie foarte interesanta si anume cÄ aceste teritorii erau locuite de cele mai vechi Åi renumite culturi care pot ajunge la o vÃ¢rstÄ de cca 30 - 40.000 ani (cam de pe vremea apariÅ£iei homo-sapiens-ului) Datarea cu carbon 14 atesta cÄ Ã®n acest bazin - aÅa de mult rÃ¢vnit de alÅ£ii -scrierea apare cam acum 7400 ani. Iar dacÄ se acceptÄ cÄ metoda cu carbon 14 are o abatere mare de cca 20-25.000 ani atunci oasele gÄsite pe lÃ¢ngÄ tÄbliÅ£ele de la TÄrtÄroaia ar putea sÄ fie mult mai vechi ca vÃ¢rstÄ... Deci chestia cu amestecare trac-geto-dac etc. poate fi doar o suprapunere de denumiri Åi se poate Ã®ntÃ¢mpla ca vom fi nevoiÅ£i sÄ rescriem istoria Åi sÄ recunoaÅtem cÄ Åi unii Åi alÅ£ii au cam acelaÅi "rÄdÄcini" indiferent cÄ acum se numesc romÃ¢ni sau maghiari sau alte popoare care nu mai au descendenÅ£ii cunoscuÅ£ii
|Informeaza-te! - Efectul tabletelor asupra copiilor!|
Cu siguranta aceasta este o tema care genereaza multe pareri pro si contra si totusi nu ma feresc sa o pun in discutie poate si datorita faptului ca fenomenul ia amploare atat de mult si parintii for fi primii raspunzatori pentru sanatatea si pentru reusita in viata a copilor. Avem o noua generatie de copii, numiti inafara I-KYDS, cum va suna asta?
Copii nostri, in special cei mai mici, chiar au nevoie de tablete? Sau si acest nou gadget este inca o usurare a parintilor care sunt prea obositi sa-si mai supravegheze copilasii?
Ei si daca fac bine, si daca nu, am sa va prezint o serie de pareri si opinii avizate pe aceasta tema, ramanand ca dvs sa trageti propriile concluzii. Indiferent ce alegeti sau ce ati ales deja sa faceti cu copii dvs, cred ca inainte de a da un verdict clar, trebuie cunoscute ambele pareri, si pro si contra.
Tableta nu ajutÄ copiii sub 6 ani
Doi psihologi, care au urmÄrit comportamentul mai multor copii mici cÄrora pÄrinÅ£ii le-au fÄcut cadou o tabletÄ, Åi-au expus, observaÅ£iile personale. Psihologii atenÅ£ioneazÄ cÄ aceste gadgeturi creeazÄ foarte uÅor dependenÅ£e Åi nu le recomandÄ deloc copiilor sub Åase ani. Psihologul Elena Vladislav, specializatÄ Ã®n psihologia copiilor, susÅ£ine cÄ, dacÄ un copil consumÄ mult timp Ã®n faÅ£a unei tablete, mai tÃ¢rziu poate suferi de o tulburare care se manifestÄ prin imposibilitatea de concentrare asupra unui anumit subiect sau unei anumite acÅ£iuni, adicÄ de aÅa numitul ADHD.
âViteza miÅcÄrilor jocurilor de pe tabletÄ se poate transforma Ã®n viaÅ£a realÄ Ã®ntr-o hiperactivitate la nivel motric. MulÅ£i copii care se joacÄ foarte mult timp devin copii agitaÅ£i Åi hiperactivi, pentru cÄ lor li se imprimÄ un anumit ritm al acÅ£iunii Åi vor sÄ se miÅte la acelaÅi ritm. Nu mai au rÄbdare sÄ facÄ activitÄÅ£i care presupun manualitate, rÄbdare sau abilitÄÅ£i de logicÄâ, explicÄ Vladislav. Psihologul susÅ£ine cÄ jocurile pe tabletÄ nu sunt specifice copilului mic. Potrivit stadiilor de dezvoltare stabilite de psihologi, Ã®n primii ani de viaÅ£Ä, copilul Ã®nvaÅ£Ä explorÃ¢nd Åi exersÃ¢ndu-Åi capacitÄÅ£ile motrice. Copiii la vÃ¢rsta de 2-3 ani sunt Ã®n faza senzorio-motorie, ei au nevoie sÄ-Åi dezvolte inteligenÅ£a prin activitÄÅ£i care implicÄ motricitatea. Ãn schimb, tableta Ã®i implicÄ numai la nivel vizual Åi le limiteazÄ astfel cÃ¢mpul cunoaÅterii. âAm vÄzut copii mici, la zile de naÅtere sau petreceri Åi fiecare era cu tableta lui. E uimitor, nu-i mai vezi jucÃ¢ndu-se, nu-i mai vezi vorbind Ã®ntre ei. Eu personal am vÄzut copii care nu sunt Ã®n stare sÄ se joace altfel. Vin cu tableta Åi nu mai interacÅ£ioneazÄ cu ceilalÅ£i, iar asta mi se pare dramatic. AbilitÄÅ£ile sociale la aceasta varsta se exerseazÄâ, mai spune psihologul.
Pe douÄ observaÅ£ii importante vrea psihologul sÄ punÄ accentul: excesul de joc pe tabletÄ le poate imprima copiilor o hiperactivitate, iar aceÅtia mai tÃ¢rziu nu se mai pot concentra foarte bine, nu mai au rÄbdare sÄ ducÄ o activitate la bun sfÃ¢rÅit. Åi Ã®n timp, pierd abilitatea de a comunica de ceilalÅ£i. âEi nu mai Åtiu sÄ comunice Ã®n joc, sÄ aibÄ toleranÅ£Ä la frustrare Ã®n jocâ, puncteazÄ psihologul.
âScurtÄturile nu faciliteazÄ dezvoltarea, ci creeazÄ dependenÅ£aâ
âPÄrinÅ£ilor le este mai comod sÄ plaseze copilul Ã®n faÅ£a unui astfel de device, decÃ¢t sÄ interacÅ£ioneze cu el, sÄ facÄ lucruri care l-ar ajuta sÄ se dezvolte fizic Åi psihic. PÄrintele Ã®Åi creeazÄ astfel un timp liber, pe care Ã®l va plÄti scump mai tÃ¢rziuâ, spune Åi psihologul CÄtÄlina Constantin.
Aceasta explicÄ de ce jocurile de puzzle Åi logo pe suport fizic sunt mai benefice pentru copil decÃ¢t cele de pe tabletÄ. âPuzzle-ul in timp real Ã®nseamnÄ joacÄ, pe tabletÄ jocul respectiv se transformÄ Ã®ntr-o competiÅ£ie Ã®ntre copil Åi aparat. Ãn plus, toate aceste programe pe computer au un gen de recompense. Copiii nu doresc sÄ aibÄ feedback-uri negative Åi pierd noÅ£iunea timpului jucÃ¢ndu-seâ, spune CÄtÄlina Constantin.
Astfel, psihologii atrag atenÅ£ia cÄ mÄsura este cuvÃ¢ntul cheie. PÄrintele trebuie sÄ gestioneze foarte atent relaÅ£ia copilului sÄu cu tableta. La preÅcolari dependenÅ£ele de tehnologie se creeazÄ foarte uÅor, aproape instantaneu. âUna este sÄ aibÄ acces copilul o jumÄtate de orÄ pe zi, de cÃ¢teva ori pe sÄptÄmÃ¢nÄ, Åi alta este sÄ fie lÄsat cu device-ul ore Ã®ntregi, Ã®n fiecare zi. DependenÅ£a de calculatoare nu e un mit, ci este o boalÄ gravÄ care se lasÄ cu depresie, cu izolare socialÄ, cu stimÄ de sine scÄzutÄ, cu tentative de suicidâ, adaugÄ Constantin.
DÃ¢ndu-le tableta pe mÃ¢nÄ, unii pÄrinÅ£i au impresia cÄ dezvoltÄ inteligenÅ£a copilului, lucru contrazis de psihologi. AceÅtia susÅ£in cÄ jocurile din lumea virtualÄ sunt repetitive Åi mecanice, nu dezvoltÄ imaginaÅ£ia copilului, aÅa cum o fac cele pe suport fizic.
âPÄrinÅ£ii trebuie sÄ-Åi Ã®nveÅ£e copiii sÄ se descurce singuri, sÄ devinÄ independenÅ£i. SÄ Åtie sÄ rezolve probleme, sÄ Åtie sÄ cearÄ ajutorul, lucrurile astea nu le gÄseÅti Ã®n nicio tabletÄ. ScurtÄturile pe care Å£i le oferÄ tableta nu sunt de dorit, pentru cÄ nu faciliteazÄ dezvoltarea, ci dependenÅ£aâ, conchide psihologul CÄtÄlina Constantin.
Testele unui profesor
De ce le cumpÄrÄ pÄrinÅ£ii propriilor copii tablete? Primul rÄspuns, Åi cel mai des Ã®ntÃ¢lnit, este, desigur, cÄ Ã®i fac mai inteligenÅ£i. Am cunoscut pÄrinÅ£i care spun cÄ bÄiatul sau fata a Ã®nvÄÅ£at formele geometrice, numerele sau literele de pe tabletÄ. Timpul petrecut de cei mici Ã®n faÅ£a unui ecran este scuzat prin acest concept: âeducaÅ£ieâ. ToÅ£i aceÅti pÄrinÅ£i ar âradia de fericireâ dacÄ ar avea cunoÅtinÅ£Ä de testele realizate de Philippe Meirieu, un profesor de ÅtiinÅ£ele educaÅ£iei din FranÅ£a. Acesta Åi-a Ã®ndemnat elevii, majoritatea utilizatori de tablete, sÄ parcurgÄ o serie de teste, datÃ¢nd din 1935, bazate pe conceptul de âpuzzleâ. Prima concluzie a fost cÄ, spre deosebire de elevii interbelici, cei de astÄzi reuÅesc mult mai greu sÄ-Åi menÅ£inÄ treazÄ atenÅ£ia. Ãn schimb, ceea ce elevii din 1935 fÄceau Ã®n 15 minute, cei din zilele noastre rezolvÄ, chiar mai bine, Ã®n numai 5 minute. Problema apÄrea ulterior, Ã®n momentul Ã®n care elevii erau rugaÅ£i, la cÃ¢teva zile distanÅ£Ä, sÄ explice metoda de lucru prin care au rezolvat problema. Extrem de puÅ£ini Ã®Åi mai aminteau. CercetÄtorii pun aceastÄ piedere a memoriei tocmai pe seama ecranului, a trecerii de la un hypertext la un altul, spre un loc final care nu mai are nicio legÄturÄ cu cercetarea iniÅ£ialÄ. Or, ceea ce dÄ forÅ£Ä memoriei este tocmai coerenÅ£a. Iar fÄrÄ memorie, avem parte de âexecutanÅ£iâ buni, dar fÄrÄ metodÄ, fÄrÄ logicÄ de sistem.
Potrivit autorului Giovanni Sartori, autor al lucrÄrii âHomo vidensâ, ceea ce diferenÅ£iazÄ omul de celelalte animale este capacitatea unicÄ de a abstractiza. Prin natura lui, omul nu poate dobÃ¢ndi cunoÅtinÅ£e altfel decÃ¢t prin cuvÃ¢nt, acesta fiind singurul vehicul care Ã®i stimuleazÄ aceastÄ capacitate unicÄ. Ãn locul lui Ã®nsÄ, omenirea a instalat imaginea, fÄcÃ¢nd astfel ca vizibilul sÄ ia locul inteligibilului. Din pÄcate Ã®nsÄ, afirmÄ Sartori, imaginea este un fapt mediat, ce necesitÄ clarificÄri, clarificÄri ce au loc tot prin cuvÃ¢nt. Aceasta ar fi Åi explicaÅ£ia pentru care tinerii crescuÅ£i Ã®n faÅ£a ecranelor par sÄ aibÄ probleme de integrare Ã®n lumea Ã®nconjurÄtoare.
Leon ZÄgrean este iniÅ£iatorul primului laborator din RomÃ¢nia dedicat exclusiv neuroÅtiinÅ£elor, un Centru de ExcelenÅ£Ä Ã®n Å£arÄ. Numele disciplinei pare desprins din filosofie sau cel puÅ£in dintr-o disciplinÄ ce opereazÄ, mai degrabÄ, cu concepte, decÃ¢t cu experimente, dar ilustreazÄ destul de bine situaÅ£ia actualÄ a cercetÄrilor asupra creierului. De unde putem porni pentru a crea ipoteze Åi a Ã®ncerca sÄ obÅ£inem rezultate ce ar ajuta cercetarea ÅtiinÅ£ificÄ viitoare? Prima variantÄ ar fi experimentul Ã®n condiÅ£ii de laborator Åi concluziile acestuia. Iar acestea sunt clare: utilizarea instrumentelor de tipul computerului sau a tabletei conduce la supradezvoltarea emisferei cerebrale stÃ¢ngi, Ã®n detrimentul celei din dreapta. Emisfera stÃ¢ngÄ este partea âdigitalÄâ a creierului nostru, cea responsabilÄ de aritmeticÄ, limbaj, cifre, categorii. Emisfera dreaptÄ este partea âanalogicÄâ, cea a culorilor, formelor, Ã®nÅ£elegerii metaforelor Åi a nuanÅ£elor. SupradezvoltÃ¢nd inteligenÅ£a numericÄ, acei expuÅi conÅ£inutului furnizat de tablete trec printr-un proces asemÄnÄtor celui suferit de persoanele autiste. âCalculatorul este benefic pÃ¢nÄ la un punct. El dezvoltÄ noi capacitÄÅ£i ale creierului Åi noi circuite Ã®n munca directÄ, abstractÄ, cu computerul. Dar copiii de azi nu putem spune cÄ sunt mai deÅtepÅ£i fiindcÄ sunt conectaÅ£i mereu la computer. Poate cÄ sunt mai pricepuÅ£i Ã®n a face niÅte lucruri, dar, uneori, partea emoÅ£ionalÄ este afectatÄ Åi acest lucru va fi pe nota de platÄ pentru generaÅ£iile viitoare: amputarea afectivÄ, lucrul Åi interacÅ£iunea scÄzutÄ cu semenii, diminuarea vieÅ£ii realeâ, explicÄ profesor doctor Dafin MureÅanu, preÅedintele SocietÄÅ£ii de Neurologie din RomÃ¢nia.
CercetÄtorii sud-coreeni au numit-o âdemenÅ£a digitalÄâ. SunÄ Ã®ngrozitor. Prestigioasa publicaÅ£ie francezÄ âPhilosophie magazineâ publica, Ã®n octombrie 2013, cifrele din spatele acestui concept: aruncÄm o privire asupra smartphone-ului la fiecare 6 minute, Ã®l utilizÄm aproximativ 2 ore Åi 8 minute Ã®n fiecare zi, dintre care doar 12 minute sunt rezervate scopului sÄu primar: de a da Åi a primi apeluri de la alÅ£ii. âLe Nouvel Observateurâ folosea cuvÃ¢ntul ânebunieâ, Ã®ntr-un dosar, publicat pe 17 octombrie 2013, dedicat modului Ã®n care noua tehnologie ne-a ocupat viaÅ£a. âInternetul activeazÄ aceleaÅi zone cerebrale precum drogurile. Iar ecranul este ca zahÄrul. ÃÅ£i provoacÄ o plÄcere imediatÄ Åi dependenÅ£Ä pe mÄsurÄâ, declara, Ã®n dosarul citat, Cristophe AndrÃ©, medic psihiatru la Spitalul Sainte-Anne, din Paris. PriviÅ£i atent Ã®n jur, Ã®n orice loc v-aÅ£i afla, de-a lungul unei zile. Inevitabil, la o scarÄ mai micÄ sau mai mare, veÅ£i vedea urmÄtoarea imagine: oameni Ã®n toatÄ firea, cu aparate Ã®n mÃ¢ini, trimiÅ£Ã¢nd mailuri, verificÃ¢nd profiluri, modificÃ¢nd status-uri pe Facebook, rÄspunzÃ¢nd la mesaje pe Twitter. SecvenÅ£e cu oameni aflaÅ£i Ã®n acelaÅi loc, Ã®nsÄ, chiar Åi pentru cÃ¢teva secunde, Ã®ntr-o perfectÄ izolare de sine Åi de lumea din jur. Iar cÃ¢nd tehnologia a intrat atÃ¢t de puternic Ã®n viaÅ£a oamenilor mari, era o chestiune de timp pÃ¢nÄ ce mica generaÅ£ie va deveni expusÄ.
Este clar ca generatiile viitoare se vor tehnologiza tot mai mult, insa cu ce pret? Resposabilitatea parintilor este acum mai mare ca niciodata pentru ca ofera pe tava micutilor niste obiecte la care ei n-au avut acces si ale caror efecte in timp nu le cunosc. Bine, pe unii nu-i intereseaza deloc, important e sa taca cel mic pentru ca ei sa aiba timp sa-si termine treburile. Sunt adept convins al tehnologizarii controlate, constiente si responsabile, chiar cu riscul de a fi catalogat drept âinvechitâ.
Cu tot avantul tehnologic, este ceva ce tehnologia nu a inventat si nu va inventa vreodata: omul, gandirea si sentimentele.
Alegeti constient si aveti grija la excese!
Ma inclin in fata dvs, cu tot respectul,
surse:http://adevarul.ro/, http://m.romanialibera.ro, http://i.telegraph.co.uk, http://i.dailymail.co.uk/
|Prepare Now for the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season||The Atlantic hurricane season starts today, and there is no better time to get ready than now. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) encourages residents and businesses across the nation to prepare by understanding their risk, planning together for the entire family, and downloading the FEMA App. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Climate […]|
Use this URL with the following arguments:|
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radius = your search radius in nautical miles (100 is the default).
|(Review) Global Weirdness, by Climate Central||I picked upÂ Global WeirdnessÂ on a whim while browsing at my local bookstore, Malaprops, in Asheville, NC. Which is oddly apropos, because thisÂ bookstore is a mere half mile away from the National Climatic Data Center, a NOAA entity taskedÂ with the lofty … Continue reading |
|TabÄra La Cortul ÃntÃ¢lnirii||
Departamentul de tineret al Bisericii Penticostale BETEL din HaÈeg organizeazÄ Èi anul acesta tabÄra creÈtinÄ La Cortul Întâlnirii, tabÄrÄ ce va avea loc în perioada 22-28 iulie 2017. LocaÈia va fi cea de anul trecut Èi anume, între localitÄÈile Sânpetru Èi Ohaba SibiÈel (judeÈul Hunedoara), la o distanÈÄ de aprox. 20km de oraÈul HaÈeg.
|Vestea BunÄ Ã®n format audio Èi video - Familia Taciuc||
Dragi fraÅ£i Åi surori, fie ca Domnul Isus sÄ reprezinte pacea Åi bucuria voastrÄ în fiecare zi Åi fie ca El sÄ vÄ aducÄ aminte prin Duhul SÄu cel Sfânt de toate promisiunile frumoase din ScripturÄ.Detalii...
Unii din fraÅ£ii noÅtri din Papua Noua Guinee abia acum aud despre harul Åi binecuvântÄrile care vin prin jertfa salvatoare a Domnului nostru Isus Hristos. MulÅ£umim însÄ Domnului, cÄ El ne-a ajutat Åi ne-a dat înÅ£elepciunea sÄ putem fi de ajutor la câteva proiecte în desfÄÅurare, proiecte care au ca scop principal traducerea Èi propovÄduirea Evangheliei aici la marginile pÄmântului.
Uneori este destul de dificil sÄ începi aici un proces de traducere a Scripturii. Localnicii au de obicei preconcepÅ£ia cÄ Evanghelia Åi creÅtinismul aparÅ£in oamenilor albi. Au fost cazuri în care bÄÅtinaÅii au acceptat venirea misionarilor Åi aducerea Scripturii doar pentru cÄ au sperat cÄ odatÄ cu Scriptura se vor deschide aici Åi cÄile comerÅ£ului, ajutoarelor Åi bunÄstÄrii pe care ei le vÄd ca venind din vest. DacÄ oamenii nu îÅi doresc cu adevÄrat sÄ aibÄ în triburile lor procese de traducere a Evangheliei, este foarte greu ca misionarii sÄ-i convingÄ de necesitatea aceasta.
În ultimii ani, tot mai multe triburi au îmbrÄÅ£iÅat Scriptura, Åi acest fapt a adus cu sine Åi procese de alfabetizare Åi Åcoli, iar toate aceste lucruri au avut ca rezultat secundar creÅterea economicÄ a regiunilor, scÄderea criminalitÄÅ£ii Åi unitatea socialÄ din grup. Poate cÄ astÄzi este mai uÅor sÄ adresezi unui grup etnic din aceastÄ zonÄ propunerea de a crea un atelier de traducere a Scripturii, pentru cÄ oamenii vÄd Åi aceste beneficii secundare la triburile învecinate, dar existÄ totuÅi o opoziÅ£ie puternicÄ pe plan spiritual. În esenÅ£Ä, situaÅ£ia de aici este de multe ori un cerc vicios: oamenii nu îÅi doresc Evanghelia pentru cÄ nu au cunoscut bunÄtatea Åi dragostea Domnului Isus Åi nu pot cunoaÅte aceastÄ bunÄtate Åi dragoste pentru cÄ nu au Evanghelia.
RugÄciune pt. familia Taciuc
|Konie boskie i specjalne||Konie boskie|
Konie boskie krÃ³tko mÃ³wiÄ c... sÄ boskie. DajÄ graczowi diamenty, zestawy nyks i wiele innych. Boskie konie mogÄ braÄ udziaÅ w zawodach, ale tylko z boskimi koÅmi (sÄ wtedy specjalne zawody) oraz nie mogÄ braÄ udziaÅ w Grand Prix.
Niesamowity koÅ boski posiadajÄ cy osiem nÃ³g zamiast czterech. Sleipniry sÄ nieÅmiertelne i wystÄpujÄ w 5 -ciu kolorach. Wszystkie te konie to ogiery. JeÅli gracz nie loguje siÄ przez 30 dni lub nie opiekuje siÄ koÅmi przez 7 dni, Sleipnir ucieka, lecz kaÅ¼dy ma moÅ¼liwoÅÄ zÅapania go - poprzez wejÅcie na stronÄ danego Sleipnira i klikniÄcie w link.
A poza Howrse? To oÅmionogi koÅ Odyna, dziecko Lokiego. Sleipnir jest szarej maÅci, potrafi poruszaÄ siÄ po ziemi, w powietrzu i po piekle.
Loki przemieniÅ siÄ w klacz, by odciÄ gnÄ Ä od pracy konia imieniem Swadelfari. KoÅ ten pomagaÅ swemu panu - wielkoludowi, ktÃ³ry zobowiÄ zaÅ siÄ odbudowaÄ w ciÄ gu jednej zimy mury Asgardu, twierdzy majÄ cej broniÄ bogÃ³w przed szronowymi i gÃ³rskimi olbrzymami. Gdyby mu to siÄ udaÅo, otrzymaÅby w nagrodÄ FrejÄ. Ostatniego dnia zostaÅa jeszcze do wstawienia brama. Loki rÅ¼eniem zwabiÅ ogiera i uciekÅ z nim, co zapobiegÅo utracie przez AzÃ³w piÄknej bogini. Po jakimÅ czasie Loki powrÃ³ciÅ
do Asgardu prowadzÄ c oÅmionogiego karej maÅci
konia, Sleipnira i podarowaÅ go Odynowi. Sleipnir nigdy
nie zawiÃ³dÅ swego pana i wiernie mu sÅuÅ¼y.
Krezus pojawiÅ siÄ u nas przy okazji SprzedaÅ¼y BÅyskawicznych. Wytwarza pieniÄ dze zamiast Åajna. KaÅ¼dego 13 dnia miesiÄ ca, Krezus daje swojemu wÅaÅcicielowi jeden kupon, jeÅli ten byÅ zalogowany poprzedniego dnia. W te rzadkie dni, kiedy 13 przypada w piÄ tek, Krezus podarowuje mu 2 kupony. KaÅ¼dego miesiÄ ca, jeden z koni nazwanych Krezus Junior zmienia siÄ w Krezus. NajwiÄkszÄ szanse majÄ gracze, ktÃ³rzy wszystkie swoje ogiery nazwÄ Krezus Junior i majÄ ich naprawdÄ duÅ¼o. Krezusy moÅ¼na sprzedawaÄ.
Gypse to boski koÅ, ktÃ³ry codziennie zamienia siÄ w piasek. Aby go odbudowaÄ musisz wejÅÄ na jego stronÄ i zÅapaÄ UFO w postaci piaska, Åopatki itp. DziÄki piasku moÅ¼esz dodaÄ umiejÄtnoÅci koniu.
Gypse pojawiÅ siÄ u nas podczas promocji puzzle.
MoÅ¼na go sprzedawaÄ.
MgÅa jest boskÄ klaczÄ , ktÃ³ra potrafi dzieliÄ siÄ swoimi umiejÄtnoÅciami. Poziom jej umiejÄtnoÅci zmienia siÄ kaÅ¼dego dnia: jednego dnia bÄdzie mistrzyniÄ galopu, innego bÄdzie przodowaÄ w wytrzymaÅoÅci... MoÅ¼na raz w jej Å¼yciu skrzyÅ¼owaÄ jÄ ze Snow'em, czego wynikiem bÄdzie Ocean.
Snow (inaczej Ånieg, ÅnieÅ¼ny KoÅ) jest nieÅmiertelnym boskim koniem stworzonym specjalnie do zawodÃ³w. Kolor imienia kaÅ¼dego z nich zaleÅ¼y od tego,w czym siÄ specjalizuje.
Niebieski - biegi przeÅajowe
Czerwony - skoki.
Zielony - kÅus.
Fioletowy - galop.
ÅnieÅ¼nobiaÅy - ujeÅ¼dÅ¼enie.
Jest ojcem Oceana.
Ocean to koÅ, ktÃ³ry rodzi siÄ i roÅnie. Powstaje ze skrzyÅ¼owania Snowa i MgÅy. Po ojcu odziedziczyÅ moce, po matce ich zmiennoÅÄ. W zwiÄ zku z tym jego niezwykÅe umiejÄtnoÅci wymieniajÄ siÄ kaÅ¼dego dnia, czyniÄ c go potencjalnym mistrzem wszystkich dyscyplin.
Kolekcja Kamieni Szlachetnych
Szafir to koÅ boski, wygraÄ byÅo go moÅ¼na, kiedy na howrse byÅa akcja SaÅatka Owocowa. KaÅ¼dego dnia kiedy wchodzimy na Szafira w historii pokazuje siÄ nick osoby, na ktÃ³rej profilu ukrywa siÄ ten boski koÅ. Kiedy wejdziemy na tÄ osobÄ, Szafir daje nam w dni parzyste diament, a w dni nieparzyste 1000eq.
Jest pierwszym koniem z tej kolekcji, ktÃ³ry pojawiÅ siÄ na polskim Howrse. To drogocenny koÅ, ktÃ³ry ofiarowuje swojemu wÅaÅcicielowi diamenty. Za kaÅ¼dym razem, gdy obchodzi urodziny, daje mu w prezencie 5 diamentÃ³w.
W dni, kiedy Rubin nie dodaje diamentÃ³w, jego wzrost troszkÄ siÄ powiÄksza...
Jadeit jest koniem z rodziny Kamieni Szlachetnych.
Za kaÅ¼dym razem, gdy budzi siÄ z jednÄ z umiejÄtnoÅci wyÅ¼szÄ lub rÃ³wnÄ 0, ofiarowuje wÅaÅcicielowi diament.
W przeciwieÅstwie do innych koni z tej kolekcji, jego umiejÄtnoÅci nie mogÄ byÄ podniesione z uÅ¼yciem diamentÃ³w.
MoÅ¼na jÄ pokryÄ Szafirem, z tego skrzyÅ¼owania powstanie Topaz.
MoÅ¼na byÅo jÄ zdobyÄ w kalendarzu i RO.
Jest jedynÄ klaczÄ w tej kolekcji.
In connection with American Heroes Week (July 24â28, 2017),Â the U.S. Department of Commerce is proud to highlight its own American heroes and the important role Commerce agencies play in serving and protecting American communities.Â
Did you know the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has a corps of commissioned officers, one of the seven uniformed services of the United States?
NOAA Corps officers play a vital role in the acquisition and analysis of environmental data to aid our nation in meeting the security, economic and environmental challenges of the 21st century. Collectively, they have been and continue to be true heroes to our nation.
NOAA Corps officers command ships that scan the seafloor for potential hazards to shipping, monitor oceanographic and atmospheric conditions and study ocean resources. They also pilot NOAA's highly specialized aircraft that collect environmental and geographic data necessary for weather and flood prediction, precision mapping and charting, disaster response and resource management.
On Monday, July 24, 2017, eighteen officer candidates were sworn into the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps training program as Basic Officer Training Class (BOTC) 130. The officer candidates of BOTC 130 are the first class to be sworn in since the 100th anniversary of the creation of the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corps. They now embark on a challenging 19-week curriculum that prepares them to support NOAAâs vital missions to protect life and property by understanding and predicting changes in the climate, weather, ocean and coastlines. NOAA Corps recruits train alongside Coast Guard officer candidates at the Coast Guard Academy in New London, CT, before receiving their first assignment.
Both NOAA and the NOAA Corps have a long history of service to the Nation. NOAA traces its history back to the formation of the Survey of the Coast in 1807. Faced with tough national security and economic challenges and a natural world governed by powerful and mysterious forces that often threatened life, property and commerce, President Thomas Jefferson created the Survey of the Coast in 1807 to support the nationâs defense, promote the well-being of its citizens and unlock natureâs secrets. The new agencyâs mission was to chart the nationâs coastal waters to ensure that ships could move civilians, troops and materials safely.
During the next 150 years, the Survey of the Coast (later called the Coast & Geodetic Survey) would fulfill its mission in war as well as in peacetime. With Americaâs entry into World War I, a commissioned service of the Coast & Geodetic Survey (CG&S) was formed on May 22, 1917, to ensure the rapid assimilation of C&GS technical skills for defense purposes. During World War II, officers and civilians of the C&GS produced nautical and aeronautical charts, provided critical geospatial information to artillery units and conducted reconnaissance surveys.
Today, the work of the C&GSâand moreâis conducted NOAA and the NOAA Commissioned Officer Corpsâone of the seven uniformed services of the United States. The direct descendants of the C&GS, NOAA and the NOAA Corps work every day on land, in the air and on the sea to keep the nation secure and productive by providing products and services that support maritime domain awareness; help ensure safe passage of commercial and military traffic on our nationâs waterways; warn mariners, aviators, and the public of severe weather; aid search and rescue efforts; and conserve and protect our natural resources. They are true American heroes.Â
|The Critical Role of Hurricane Hunters in Protecting American Communities||
In connection with American Heroes Week (July 24â28, 2017),Â the U.S. Department of Commerce is proud to highlight its own American heroes and the important role Commerce agencies play in serving and protecting American communities. Â
On boardÂ NOAA Hurricane HunterÂ aircraft, there are no small jobs. Each member of the crew plays a critical role in ensuring the safe operation of the aircraft and the collection of quality weather data. The following is a feature highlighting one Commerce hero,Â NOAA Meteorologist and Flight Director Jessica Williams, whoÂ serves on NOAA'sÂ Lockheed WP-3D OrionÂ andÂ Gulfstream IV-SPÂ hurricane hunter planes.Â
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administrationâs Office of Marine and Aviation OperationsÂ (OMAO) provides immediate response capabilities for unpredictable events. Specifically, through itsÂ Hurricane Hunter program, OMAO plays an integral role in hurricane forecasting. Data collected during hurricanes by these high-flying meteorological stations help forecasters make accurate predictions during a hurricane and help hurricane researchers achieve a better understanding of storm processes, improving their forecast models.Â
Preparing for takeoff
Jessica Williams has always thirsted for an understanding about the environment in which we live. As a high school senior deciding on a college, she had the foresight to pursue her interest in weather and the atmosphere. Her compass pointed her to Penn State University. There, Williams joined the United States Air Force Reserve Officer Training Corps. Her studies at Penn State concluded with a bachelor's of science degree in meteorology. She bolstered her resume with a master's of science degree in geographic information science from Northwest Missouri State University.
Williams is among those who has been able to make her passion her paycheck. Following college, Williams was able to merge her loves of aviation and atmospheric data by working as a weather officer in the U.S. Air Force for four years. She later worked as an aviation meteorologist in NOAAâs National Weather Center Service Unit and held a position as a wind resource modeling analyst. Her next career move was to become a flight director at NOAAâsÂ Aircraft Operations Center, home the NOAA Hurricane Hunters.
When flying on a mission to investigate a tropical cyclone, Williams is responsible for ensuring that the aircraft to which she is assigned is safely navigated through the storm and all the necessary data is collected.
The work, however, begins well before âwheels up.â Mission preparation involves collecting mission objectives from researchers and reviewing operational directives. âFrom this, we put together a tentative flight plan to accomplish these objectives,â says Williams. âI study the weather pattern, forecasts, and any potential weather hazards based on my training and experience, for the time period and locations weâll be flying in and around.â She later disseminates this information to the crew in the pre-flight briefing.
Safety is paramount and once airborne, Williams is buckled in for what can be more than an eight-hour flight. âMy eyes are on the radars at all times first and foremost, and secondly the data weâre collecting, which gets transmitted to the National Hurricane Center and often ingested into forecast models,â she says.
Into the storm
As one can imagine, working with hurricanes is anything but predictable. âFlight tracks, plans and objectives often change in flight, so we need to be prepared to discuss whether these changes are safe,â says Williams.
The idea of safely surveying hurricanes almost seems like a contradiction, but the NOAA Aircraft Operations Center team has made it standard operating procedure.
âThis means flying right through the eyewall, which contains intense updrafts and downdrafts, extreme precipitation, lightning and often hail,â says Williams. Pre-flight training is essential to preparing the crew for these high-risk environments. âWith knowledge of the storm dynamics, an understanding of aviation radar, and lots of experience from the crew we avoid these more dangerous areas.â
Close to home
The focus of her work sometimes can hit pretty close to home, most recently with Hurricane Matthew, âwith the track coming so close to Florida and many of us having family and friends on the East Coast.â But she says itâs worth it, especially knowing how quickly the data she and her fellow Hurricane Hunters collect can directly affect peopleâs lives.
The same spirit that inspired a high school senior hasnât dwindled. Williamsâ drive hasnât slowed. Her passion hasnât decreased. Her goals havenât changed. âTo use my God-given experience, education and passion for science as I work with an excellent team to gather critical weather data in the storms,â is what itâs all about for Williams. âData that improves forecast accuracy and warnings to save lives and property.â
|NOAA Data Helps Retail and Manufacturing Business Minimize Impacts from Weather and Climate||
The following is a cross-post from NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information
From making sure warm winter coats are in stock at just the right time to accurately evaluating the underlying causes of fluctuations in the U.S. economy, NCEIâs environmental data provide critical information for retailers, manufacturers, and the companies that invest in them. As industries that are highly sensitive to changing weather conditions, retail and manufacturing businesses rely on our climate data to assess how weather has influenced their past sales. By understanding the past, these business can also better plan for the future.
Weather can affect every step of the retail supply chain, from the supplier, to the manufacturer, to the distributor, to the retailer, to consumer purchases. As the seasons change, manufacturers may need to produce different machine parts for equipment like lawn mowers and snow blowers. Similarly, retailers may need to shift the stock of seasonal items like hot cocoa and sandals as temperatures and weather conditions fluctuate.
In the winter, in particular, the weather can dramatically influence economic activity related to the manufacturing and retail industries. A severe snowstorm may keep consumers from shopping at retail stores and dining at restaurants. And, winter weather can prevent goods from getting to market too. For example, when a major snowstorm caused a single-day shutdown in New York,Â it resulted in $152 million in lost sales. However, major snowstorms can be profitable for online retailers and the automotive repair industry.
The performance of the manufacturing and retail industries is a top indicator of economic well-being. Since they account for $3.2 trillion or 17 percent of the U.S. GDP and an estimated 22 million jobs collectively,Â the performance of the manufacturing and retail industries is a top indicator of economic well-being. With the right data, manufacturers, retailers, and the companies that invest in them can understand and measure how weather is influencing their bottom lines and the countryâs economy.
NCEIâs data are a crucial source of credible and authoritative information for a wide variety of businesses in the retail and manufacturing industries according to anÂ April 2017 report. The report, which compiles feedback from companies in these industries, demonstrates howÂ our climate data products are used to understand the effect of certain weather conditions on business performance. Pairing this information with climate outlooks can then inform how much product to manufacture or how to stock items in various regions of the country.
âWe use the NCEI climate data reports when we're reviewing month-over-month and then year-over-year results from our sales territories,â said one companyâs sales manager. âIf we lost the NCEI climate data, I'd have to go back to the old sales guy excuse of âI didn't make my number because it rained.â I'm not really willing to go there.â
Some of our data products that provide real-world value to the retail and manufacturing industries include:
All of these products help monitor and assess the state of Earthâs climate in nearâreal time and provide perspectives on how the climate of today compares to the past.
Learn more about how retail and manufacturers are using our data and why itâs so important to them in the video,Â The Benefit of NCEI Data to Retail and Manufacturing.
|Celebrating World Oceans Day||
June 8, 2017. Happy World Ocean Day and National Ocean Month! From the food we eat to the air we breathe, we are all connected to the ocean. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) explores the ocean, provides tsunami warnings, addresses marine debris, manages national marine sanctuaries, ensures sustainable fisheries, and much, much more.
NOAA and its partners are holding World Ocean Day events throughout the month of June. You can celebrate online with NOAAâs National Ocean Service (NOS) annual 30 Days of the Ocean online campaign â a chance to highlight the importance of our world ocean, increase ocean literacy, and inspire actions to conserve resources when visiting our ocean and coasts. Every day during the month, NOS is sharing videos, imagery, and facts about our ocean and coasts on the NOS website and social media. You can follow the activity on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram â look for #30DaysofOcean. This year's campaign features NOS's pool of more than 300 Ocean Facts on their website. With topics ranging from the ocean economy to microplastics to hydrography and even the depth of the ocean, thereâs sure to be a fact for everyone!
|Weather 101 Links|
Here’s the Power Point Weather 101 Power Point Jetstream Lessons http://www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/index.html Nice SupplementalÂ Information http://ggweather.com/101.htm Severe Weather http://www.nssl.noaa.gov/education/svrwx101/ Tropical Cyclones/Hurricanes http://trackthetropics.com/tropical-cyclones-101/ Cool Visualization Websites: https://www.windytv.com/?35.051,-80.819,5 https://worldview.earthdata.nasa.gov/ https://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/climate-information/extreme-events/us-tornado-climatology#history https://www.nnvl.noaa.gov/
|NOAA Says Atlantic Hurricane Season Is Ramping Up||Government forecasters are warning that this year's Atlantic hurricane season is just getting started.Â |
|NOAAâs search & tag cruise embarks||Last update — 3/2/2012, 10:00 Brad Hanson and his colleagues from the Northwest Fisheries Science Center, including Marla Holt and Dawn Noren, embarked today (2/16/12) from Newport, OR, aboard the NOAA ship Shimada (MMSI 369970147) to search for southern resident … Continue reading |
|Updates from NOAA on Elwha science||Yesterday Sarah Morely of NOAA/NWFSC Watershed Program, Fish Ecology Division gave a 40-minute synopsis of the “Elwha River Dam Removal â Past, Present, Future.”Â My notes are appended and the NOAA site has an abstract with recommended references (also appended … Continue reading |
|Ezoterism in lanuri â Capitolul III â PENTAGRAMA|
Continui azi seria de articole âEzotersim in lanuriâ, prin descrierea simbolisticii unui alt element prezent in pictogramele din lanuri si anume Pentagrama. Acest simbol prezent in foarte multe formatiuni din lanuri, il intalnim destul de des in viata de zi cu zi, pe steagurile oficiale ale statelor, diademe, blazoane, monumente, sigle ale unor companii private sau de stat, etc. Este in acelasi timp simbol cu incarcatura bogata atat pentru comunism cat si pentru capitalism. Pentagrama, este satanica prin natura ei si reprezinta capul tapului lui Azazel sau sagetile razboiului in oponenta. Evident, oficial ni se insira fel si fel de reprezentari ale acestui simbol care mai de care mai pompoase si mai emotionante, dar in realitate el reprezinta zeitatile cazute in special pe liderul acestora. Partizanii acestui simbol sustin ca este un insemn cu incarcatura benefica si protectoare in acelasi timp. Desigur, este protector pentru cei ce se inchina celor cazuti, cei cazuti care din dimensiunea lor trag sforile in aceasta lume prin intermediul elitelor.
Acest simbol aparut in cercurile din lanuri in toate zonele lumii unde s-au inregistrat astfel de aparitii, se constituie ca fiind o dovada in plus, in pledoaria mea prin care sustin ideea ca, autorii cercurilor din lanuri, acesti asa zisi âextraterestriiâ, nu sunt altceva decat intraterestrii, slugile celui cazut impreuna cu cele 200 de capatenii si subordonatii acestora. Pe blogul meu am reusit sa afisez doar o parte din pictogramele aparute, in care este prezenta pentagrama in diverse stilizari. Cu certitudine, fara prea mult efort, veti mai gasi si voi, o multitudine de astfel de pictograme in care sa fie prezenta pentagrama in moduri diversificate, pe site-urile care se ocupa cu cercetarea acestui fenomen.
Binecunoscutul mason, satanist si ocultist (imi cer scuze pt pleonasm) Eliphas Levi, pe numele sÄu real Alphonse Louis Constant, in cartea sa âRitualul Magiei Trascendenteâ publicata pentru prima data in Franta la 1856, ne lamureste cat de folositor este acest simbol. Pentru cei ce nu au timp de acordat studiului, redau o parere a celebrului autor vis a vis de ocultism: âOcultismul este frumos, este nemuritor, el reprezintÄ natura Èi legile ei, spiritul uman Èi aspiraÈiile lui, necunoscutul Èi incertitudinile sale pe care le depÄÈeÈte o legitimÄ ipotezÄ.â Eliphas Levi a definit ocultismul ca o filosofie care combinÄ trei ÈtiinÈe: Cabala sau "matematica gÃ¢ndirii umane", magia, "cunoaÈterea legilor secrete Èi speciale ale naturii care produc forÈele ascunse", Èi ermetismul, "ÈtiinÈÄ a naturii ascunse Ã®n hieroglifele Èi simbolurile lumii vechi"
Desen celebru al carui autor este satanistul Eliphas Levi, intitulat Baphomet
Asadar, priviti si admirati aceste minunate pentagrame din lanuri. Ele reprezinta emblema factiunii rebele si poseda o energetica malefica, fiind protectoare pentru cei ce practica ritualuri de accesare a cerurilor sau dimensiunilor inferioare.
Incercati sa nu va lasati amagiti de unii sau de altii cu texte de genul: stii, defapt acest simbol insemana asta sau astaâ¦ bla bla bla, chestiuni placute auzului dar fara nici un suport solid documentat. Originile unor astfel de simboluri se pierd in negura timpurilor, raportat la durata existentiala a fiintei umane. Adevarata insemnatatea a simbolurilor este cunoscuta cu adevarat de catre cei intitati in stiintele oculte si cu siguranta in calitate de neinitiat ti se poate spune orice inafara de adevar. Din acest motiv elitele plaseaza simbolurile peste tot dupa bunul plac, iar cand un autodidact incearca sa-si trezeasca semenii, atragand atentia, bineinteles este luat in deradere de marea majoritate.
Desen preluat din lucrarile satanistului Eliphas Levi
Anton Szandor LaVey fondatorul bisericii sataniste, se autoconsidera intruparea satanei pe Pamant
Pentagrama este prezenta si in planul urbanistic al multor metropole din intreaga lume
Componenta protectoare din centru stelei cu cinci colturi, pentagonul, prezent in arhitectura moderna
Imaginile vorbesc de la sine si nu sunt necesare prea multe explicatii. Sper ca am reusit sa adun pe aceasta pagina suficient material fotografic din care sa rezulte cat de cat un argument solid in plus, vis a vis de teoria cum ca aceste entitati de pe o frecventa paralela cu cea a lumii noastre, autoare a formatiunilor din lanuri, sunt de factura malefica si ca participa alaturi de elita conducatoare, indiferent de culoare politica, la realizarea obiectivului final.
|6 ways NOAA budget cuts will hurt weather reporting â and Americans|
Trumpâs proposal ignores how science protects American lives and property.
|Saimme Shellin perÃ¤Ã¤ntymÃ¤Ã¤n, mutta Arktiksella on uusi uhka|
Kun seitsemÃ¤n miljoonaa ihmistÃ¤ toimi, Shell perÃ¤Ã¤ntyi Arktikselta viime syksynÃ¤. Joulukuussa maailman maat sopivat Pariisissa, ettÃ¤ ilmastopÃ¤Ã¤stÃ¶t viedÃ¤Ã¤n nollaan tÃ¤mÃ¤n vuosisadan aikana. NÃ¤mÃ¤ tapahtumat osoittavat, ettÃ¤ voimme pitÃ¤Ã¤ huolta ainoasta kotiplaneetastamme ja sen ihmeellisestÃ¤ luonnosta, kun toimimme yhdessÃ¤.
Arktisen merijÃ¤Ã¤n vetÃ¤ytyvÃ¤ reuna on varoitus siitÃ¤, miten nopeasti ilmastonmuutos etenee. JÃ¤Ã¤n alta paljastuvan maailman upeille ja herkille olennoille on annettava mahdollisuus sopeutua nopeisiin muutoksiin. Valtiot vitkastelevat arvokkaiden alueiden suojelun kanssa, vaikka valtavat kalastusalukset pyyhkivÃ¤t jo mennessÃ¤Ã¤n koskemattomia luonnonaarteita.
Ilmastonmuutos avaa Arktiksen tuhoisalle tehokalastukselle
Ilmasto lÃ¤mpenee Arktiksella miltei kaksi kertaa nopeammin kuin maapallolla keskimÃ¤Ã¤rin ja merijÃ¤Ã¤ sulaa huolestuttavan nopeasti. TÃ¤mÃ¤n vuoden tammikuussa Pohjoisen jÃ¤Ã¤meren jÃ¤Ã¤peite oli pienempi kuin kertaakaan tÃ¤hÃ¤n aikaan vuodesta satelliittimittausten historiassa.
MerijÃ¤Ã¤n sulaminen pohjoisella BarentsinmerellÃ¤ avaa tehokalastusaluksille uusia alueita. Troolarit kyntÃ¤vÃ¤t merenpohjaa vieden mennessÃ¤Ã¤n ainutlaatuisia vedenalaisia maailmoja, joiden olennot ovat saaneet elÃ¤Ã¤ vuosisatojen ajan rauhassa. Pohjatroolaus on Norjan merentutkimuslaitoksen mukaan vaurioittanut 30-50 prosenttia Norjan kylmÃ¤n veden koralliriutoista.
Saisiko olla annos Arktiksen tuhoamista?
TÃ¤nÃ¤Ã¤n julkaistu Greenpeacen tutkimus paljastaa, miten troolarit suuntaavat yhÃ¤ useammin Barentsinmeren pohjoisosiin luontoarvoiltaan erityisen merkittÃ¤ville alueille. MerijÃ¤Ã¤ on tÃ¤hÃ¤n asti suojellut alueita tehokalastukselta, ja merilinnut, jÃ¤Ã¤hait ja merenpohjan herkÃ¤t koralliekosysteemit ovat saaneet elÃ¤Ã¤ rauhassa. JÃ¤Ã¤n sulaessa ihmisten on suojeltava nÃ¤mÃ¤ alueet.
Tutkimus perustuu satelliittiaineistoon ja kenttÃ¤tutkimukseen alusten liikkeistÃ¤. JÃ¤ljet johtavat erityisesti kolmeen yhtiÃ¶Ã¶n: norjalaisomisteiseen Havfisk ASA:n, venÃ¤lÃ¤isomisteiseen Ocean Trawlersiin ja Fishing Industry Union of the North:n (FIUN), joka on johtava venÃ¤lÃ¤inen kalastusliitto. YhtiÃ¶iden kalansaalis pÃ¤Ã¤tyy kalan prosessoijille, vientiteollisuudelle ja jakelijoille, jotka toimittavat kalan eteenpÃ¤in Euroopan, Aasian, Kanadan ja Pohjois-Amerikan markkinoille. Kalaa pÃ¤Ã¤tyy niin suuriin marketteihin kuin suosittujen elintarvikebrÃ¤ndien pakkauksiin ja suurella todennÃ¤kÃ¶isyydellÃ¤ myÃ¶s suomalaisten lautasille.
Monet tunnetut brÃ¤ndit saavat kalansa BarentsinmereltÃ¤. Joukossa on suomalaisillekin tuttu Findus sekÃ¤ esimerkiksi Birds Eye ja Iglo. Monet nÃ¤istÃ¤ yhtiÃ¶istÃ¤ markkinoivat tuotteitaan kestÃ¤vÃ¤sti pyydystettyinÃ¤. Tutkimuksemme perusteella Barentsinmeren turskan ostaja ottaa aina riskin, ettÃ¤ kalansaaliin joukossa on arvokkailta luontoalueilta troolattua kalaa.
JÃ¤Ã¤ ei enÃ¤Ã¤ suojele vedenalaisia ihmemaita, joten meidÃ¤n on nyt puolustettava niitÃ¤. Voimme olla sukupolvi, joka pelastaa Arktiksen ennen kuin suuret yhtiÃ¶t myllertÃ¤vÃ¤t kalansaaliin toivossa maailman, jota emme edes vielÃ¤ kunnolla tunne.
Liity yli seitsemÃ¤n miljoonan Arktiksen puolustajan joukkoon nyt ja auta suojelemaan Arktis!
|Interview of Charles A. Burroughs by Brian Shoemaker||Interview of Charles A. Burroughs by Brian Shoemaker
Burroughs, Charles A.
Capt. Burroughs was commissioned as an Ensign in the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey upon graduation from the University of Connecticut in 1958 and was immediately sent to Alaska aboard the R/V Patton, a small hydrographic survey ship. Later he was assigned to the Bering Sea aboard the R/V Pathfinder where they surveyed the coast of the Aleutian Peninsula while based at Dutch Harbor.
He attended graduate school (Major in Geodetic Science) from 1962-63 at The Ohio State University. He then worked in triangulation fieldwork in the Arctic, including the establishment of the first Coast and Geodetic satellite triangulation station in the Arctic at Cambridge Bay, NWT in 1964 during the winter. He discusses his experiences while there and also talks about the remains of the M/V Maud, Amundsen's ship that rests in shallow water just offshore.
In 1965, Capt. Burroughs performed reconnaissance for four more satellite triangulation stations on St. Lawrence Island, Shemya Island, Pt. Barrow and Cold Bay. These were important accomplishments because they laid the groundwork for more accurate photographic mapping systems of the Arctic Basin, as well as providing data for the establishment of a world âwide geodetic datum.
After the C&GS was rolled into ESSA in 1965, and finally NOAA in 1970, he was given Command of the NOAA Ship Fairweather during 1973-74, where he made modern hydrographic surveys of the Cook Inlet and Glacier Bay, Alaska (utilizing automated hydrographic survey systems). From 1976 until he retired in 1985, he held a number of staff and administrative positions in NOAA Headquarters, including Chief of Staff to the Director of the NOAA Corps.
This was a short, but good interview. As an aside it should be noted that Capt. Burroughs is still involved with mapping and has been an officer of numerous mapping societies including president of the Washington Map Society, editor The PORTOLAN, the Society newsletter/journal, and secretary of the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Society. He is an authority on The U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-42, commanded by Lt. Charles Wilkes that made significant discoveries of the Antarctic coastline. He has written a chapter in the Book Magnificent Voyages, The U.S. Exploring Expedition, 1838-42, Smithsonian 1985. The book details the relationship between the expedition and the fledgling Smithsonian and the perseverance of Admiral Wilkes, who for 40 years attended to the curation of the expedition collections.
|Interview of Gordon Cartwright by Brian Shoemaker||Interview of Gordon Cartwright by Brian Shoemaker
Mr Cartwright began a career with the US Weather Bureau in 1929 and served in positions of increasing responsibility witnessing all of the major developments in meteorological data collection and forecasting, the advent of satellites for weather reporting, the creation of NOAA from the USWB and other agencies and the USWB role in the Arctic and the Antarctic. Career highlights discussed in this interview include: during World War II, Cartwright organized a series of weather reporting stations along the ALCAN Highway for reporting Arctic weather conditions; he developed the Joint Arctic Weather Reporting System (JAWS) with the Canadians; he funded the construction of the initial weather reporting bases at Resolute and Alert; he was selected as an exchange scientist with the Russians during the IGY.
|Interview of Harley D. Nygren by Brian Shoemaker||Interview of Harley D. Nygren by Brian Shoemaker
Nygren, Harley D.
The interview with Admiral Nygren was short, but very informative. He was the founder and organizer of the NOAA Corps and became its first Director when it was formed. He served in this capacity from 1971 to 1981 and reported to four Presidents â Nixon, Ford, Carter, and Reagan. His early career, however, found him on duty in the Arctic where he was assigned for three years to the Arctic Field Party of the Coast and Geodetic Survey. He was also assigned as United States Representative on the British Antarctic Survey Expedition of 1962 and was a member of the U.S. Inspection Team to Antarctica in 1970. He retired in 1981 with 36 years active service. He was well prepared for the interview with a written resume that is in his file. This interviewers tape recorder failed as the interview began and Admiral Nygren dug one from his basement that, after some tinkering, worked fine on this interview and several other interviews in the following week. The following is pertinent:
1. During WWII (1942) he joined the Navy and was assigned to the Navy College Training Program and earned his commission and B.S. in 1945.
2. In September 1947 he joined the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey.
3. He was trained as an Astronomic Observer in 1948
4. In 1949 he was assigned to the USCGS Arctic Field Party. His party surveyed the coastline and the near offshore from Point Lay to Barter Island â this is where he cut his scientific teeth. This was the first accurate survey of the Alaska North Slope coastline. The maps that resulted from the survey are still in use today. The work began in January each year and proceeded until September. This cycle went on for three years.
5. The work was immediately useful to the Navy who needed the information to sail inside the Barrier Island chain off the North Slope of Alaska.
6. He recounts the excitement and trials that were endured. He notes that they employed 50 Inupiat who were invaluable to conducting the survey.
7. Lt. JG Nygren, with his knowledge of the Alaskan Coastline, piloted a Navy convoy of LSTs along the North Slope.
8. From 1952 to 1954 he had two ship assignments â the Depot Bay and the Pathfinder âconducting surveys in the Bering Sea.
9. From 1957 â 61 he served aboard three other ships that worked off of Alaska â Explorer, Pathfinder and Pioneer.
10. In 1959 while on sabbatical at the University of Washington he was asked by Professor Fleming sail with the Brown Bear â a 128 foot wooden ship â when it sailed into the ice off Point Barrow. He recounts the experience briefly.
11. In 1962 he served as U.S. Representative with the British Antarctic Survey in Antarctica spending 5 months aboard the RRS Shackleton. Henry Dater was the head of the U.S. team. The team also conducted Antarctic Treaty Inspections of Argentine and Chilean Stations during this period.
12. CDR Nygren was assigned as Executive Officer of the Surveyor in 1966. He fleeted up to Commanding Officer in 1968 and shortly afterward was appointed to Captain. The ship conducted surveys in the Bering Sea and geophysical work off of St Lawrence Island and Cape Prince of Whales.
13. In 1970 he served on the United States Antarctic Treaty Inspection team.
14. After this assignment he was appointed as Associate Administrator of ESSA (Environmental Services Administration) and promoted to RADM and when NOAA Corps was formed he was chosen as its first Director, a position that he held for ten years until he retired in 1981. In this capacity he directed all of NOAAâs activities in the Arctic and regularly visited his ships and stations in the field for ten years.
15. In his capacity as Director of the NOAA Corps he served on numerous national boards and committees and through them had a major influence on national interests in both Polar Regions.
|Interview of Harold Leinbach by Brian Shoemaker||Interview of Harold Leinbach by Brian Shoemaker
Dr. Leinbach had an interest in astronomy from an early age. His fascination led him to pursue studies in astronomy at the University of Maryland, South Dakota, and at Cal Tech, where he received his masterâs degree.
At the University of Alaska, the Geophysical Observatory staff resigned leaving a shortage. This convinced Leinbach to apply to the Geophysical Institute. He got the job and moved to Alaska to work on projects observing the aurora. He talks about various ways to document and view them.
Leinbach was drafted in 1953 and assigned to the Rocky Mountain Arsenal where his group was responsible for the manufacture of nerve gas. He conducted testing to see if the nerve gas was good or bad. After his discharge in 1956, he went back to the Geophysical Institute.
In the summer of 1956, he helped to develop a new instrument for measuring ionospheric opacity called the riometer. In October 1957, he traveled to King Solomon and Unalaska to gather data with the riometer. Leinbach talks about his experiences there. The Geophysical Institute also gave the riometers to other colleges as well as Sweden. The institute installed riometers at the Air Force in Thule, Farewell, and Fort Yukon.
While working for the Geophysical Institute, Leinbach was also pursuing a Ph.D. in geophysics. The Geophysical Institute was involved in researching and publishing papers about their measurements and their findings on polar cap absorption. They were invited by the University of Iowa to show the warnings of the occurrence of the events by the riometer data. He talks about the experiments that went on there as well as the results.
Leinbach mentions a major polar cap absorption event on May 14th, 1959 in Minnesota. This event received major recognition and press. He describes the increase in technology that increased the amount of solar information available and generated interest about the subject. After finishing his thesis in 1962, he received a job at the University of Iowa. For four years at Iowa, Leinbach was involved in a variety of projects. After that, Leinbach moved to Boulder and worked for the Space Environment Laboratory of NOAA. During his career, one of his experiments entailed making artificial auroras. He retired in 1993. â¢ Leinbachâs professional career began with his childhood interest in astronomy.
â¢ He began college at the University of Maryland and after a year transferred to South Dakota State College.
â¢ Began observing and drawing sun spot activity daily while in South Dakota.
â¢ When in South Dakota Leinbach joined the American Association of Variable Star Observers.
â¢ Leinbach built a spectrohelioscope in the summer of 1949 in order to graduate from South Dakota.
â¢ Leinbach enrolled in Cal Tech in 1949 and graduated in 1950 with his Masterâs Degree.
â¢ Leinbach received his job at the Geographical Institute at the University of Alaska after graduating from Cal Tech.
â¢ In 1953 Leinbach was drafted and assigned to the Rocky Mountain Arsenal in Denver, Colorado where nerve gas was manufactured.
â¢ Leinbach was discharged January of 1956 and returned to the Geographical Institute where he became involved with the cosmic radio study program.
â¢ During the summer of 1956 Leinbach worked with George Swenson on the design of the riometer.
â¢ Record-breaking solar flares occurred on February 23, 1956.
â¢ By February 1957 the riometer was complete and commercial units were built and distributed through out that year.
â¢ In October 1957 Leinbach and a team went to King Solomon and Dutch Harbor to install a riometer and auroral radar equipment.
â¢ Another riometer unit was installed in Thule for the Air Force, which they called the geopole station, this station was critical for monitoring polar cap absorption.
â¢ In 1956 Leinbach began working on his PhD. jointly with the University of Alaska and the Institute.
â¢ In January of 1958 Leinbach and Gordon Little published the first major paper out of the Geophysical Institute called âSome Measurements of High Latitude Ionospheric Absorption Using Extraterrestrial Radio Waves.â
â¢ Collaboration with NASA helped NASA measure the mass of solar proton waves in order to protect its astronauts, satellites and shuttles from dangerous radiation.
â¢ Riometers were never patented.
â¢ Leinbach finally received his PhD. in 1962.
â¢ Leinbach joined Van Allenâs team at the University of Iowa.
â¢ Leinbach moved to Boulder, Colorado in June of 1966 where he finished his career with the Space Environment Laboratory of NOAA.
â¢ Leinbach retired in 1993.
â¢ Neil Hines-pp.3,4
â¢ Jessie Greenstein-pp.4
â¢ Pierre St. Amand-pp.4
â¢ Terrence Moore-pp.5
â¢ Bill Wilson-pp.5
â¢ Jim Heppner-pp.5,6,7
â¢ _____ Strermer-pp.7
â¢ Dr. Louis Hermann-pp.8
â¢ Dr. Chris Elvie-pp.8,9,11
â¢ Prof. Sidney Chapman-pp.10,22
â¢ C. Gordon Little-pp.10,11,13,24,33,39
â¢ Neil Davis-pp.11,22
â¢ George Swenson-pp.12,13
â¢ Bob Merrick-pp.13
â¢ Nate Worman-pp.13
â¢ Rev. Keith Wethern-pp.17,18,19
â¢ Dick Shoop-pp.18
â¢ Norm Sanders-pp.18,19
â¢ Shin Akasofu-pp.22
â¢ Bob Leonard-pp.22
â¢ George Reid-pp.22,24,30,39
â¢ Dana Bailey-pp.22,23
â¢ Gordon Barnes-pp.23,24
â¢ John Simpson-pp.25
â¢ John Winkler-pp.26
â¢ James Van Allen-pp.26
â¢ Walter Sullivan-pp.31
â¢ Larry Gould-pp.31
â¢ Bill Berrnstein-pp.36
â¢ Jack Gosling-pp.40
â¢ Bob Brown-pp.40,41
|Interview of Norbert Untersteiner by Brian Shoemaker||Interview of Norbert Untersteiner by Brian Shoemaker
Untersteiner, Norbert, 1926-
Dr. Untersteiner was raised in Austria. In 1931, his father took him to Spitsbergen. This trip and reading books about explorers of the polar regions influenced him to work in polar regions. He describes life in Austria under the Nazis. After World War II, he was employed by the American Occupation Troops to run errands after living in difficult conditions in Vienna. He was a student at the University of Vienna, and then transferred to the University of Innsbruck. In the summer, he worked with the Austrian Alpine Club to survey glaciers.
After completing his doctorate in geophysics and astronomy, he accepted an apprenticeship with a Vienna radio station. After becoming an assistant at the University, Dr. Untersteiner was involved in a heat balance study, and in foliation studies in the Alps. He was a member of a team to study heat balance, moisture balance, and radiation on mountains in East Pakistan. After difficulties in obtaining a position, he was employed by the University of Washington, for the U. S. Northern Hemisphere Glaciology Program.
Many studies on mountain glaciers and on ice floes are described in detail. The various problems of delivering supplies by airplanes are included. The problems of evacuating people and supplies from an ice floe (Ice Station Alpha) that is breaking up were challenging. On Ice Station Alpha II, he and his associates made physical measurements for a complete one year cycle. From some of this work, the Ekman Spiral was developed. Dr. Untersteiner used this data for a comprehensive paper on heat and mass balance of melt ice. Conditions at ARLIS II are compared to others. U.S. Submarines and Russian submarines added mystery to the work of a few persons on Ice Station Alpha II.
The development of AIDJEX (The Arctic Ice Dynamics Joint Experiment) started in the late 1960s. After a short stay as Director of the Office of Ocean Programs for NOAA, he returned to the University of Washington as Director of the Polar Science Center. Before leaving AIDJEX in 1978, he received a grant to start the Arctic Data Buoy Program.
In 1988, Dr. Untersteiner accepted the position of chairman of the Department of Atmospheric Sciences and retired in 1997. In 1992, he accepted membership on the U.S.A. Environmental Task Force to advise the CIA. Later, it was converted to MEDEA. He cites some work of MEDEA. He summarizes some of the early history of the Polar Research Board, National Research Councils and the usefulness of the meetings. He was in charge of the research plan for the Hansen Drift Station established by the International Research Council. In 1999, he accepted the position of Chapman Professor of Physical Science at the University of Alaska.
In conclusion, he said âit was a very good time to be a scientist.â
1. Early interest in polar studies kindled by a trip to Spitsbergen when he was five years old.
2. He describes living conditions at the University of Vienna for students after 1945.
3. His first position was weather forecaster for a radio station.
4. Early work studying ice melt is discussed.
5. Difficulty in conducting research and living on an ice floe is discussed.
6. The moving ice of the glacier made it necessary to more the Jamesways, and to build a new runway. The Jamesways were difficult to move.
7. The purpose of the camp on the glacier was to make measurements for a one year cycle.
8. He describes an incident with some crew members of a US submarine on the Ice Station Alpha.
9. The development of a Geophysics Department is described.
10. His role in designing the mission of AIDJEX is summarized. Cooperation with other research groups made the program more comprehensive.
11. He became Director of the Office of Ocean Programs for NOAA. He describes his disappointment with the position and returned to his faculty position in Seattle, and became Director of the Polar Science Center.
12. In the 1990s, he accepted a position on an Environmental Task Force which involved advising the CIA and a member of MEDEA.
Key Individuals Mentioned
1. His father, _____ Untersteiner, M.D.âp.1, 2, 3
2. Richard Fensterwalterâp.7
3. Professor Viatorresâp.7
4. Professor Schottsâp.7
5. Professor Heinz von Fickerâp.8, 9
6. Herfried Hoinkesâp.10
7. Hans Almannâp.10
8. Karl Christian Wallenâp.10
9. Walter Schawarzacherâp.11, 14
10. Bullock Workmanâp.11
11. Heinrich Heraldâp.12
12. Walter Brendelâp.13
13. Alfred Hoikesâp.13
14. Colin Bullâp.14
15. David Elliottâp.14
16. Robert Sharpâp.14, 15
17. Bert Craryâp.15, 17, 89
18. Mildred Craryâp.19
19. Harry Wexlerâp.15, 16
20. Richard Hubleyâp.16, 23
21. Chuck Sternsâp. 17
22. Phil Churchâp.18, 22, 31, 41, 42, 108
23. Arne Hansenâp.18, 20, 35, 36, 38, 43, 46
24. Joe Fletcherâp.19, 57, 60, 70, 90, 91
25. Father Tom Cunninghamâp.19
26. Fritz Aweâp.19, 23, 28
27. Morris Davidsonâp.20, 77
28. Ken Hunkinsâp.20, 22, 28, 37, 38, 39, 40, 56, 57
29. Terrence McDonaldâp.20, 84
30. Lt. Colonel Stromquistâp.20
31. Joe Smithâp.20
32. Joseph Bilottaâp.20
33. Brian Freemanâp.20, 21
34. John Saderâp.24
35. Charlie Keelerâp.24
36. Tom Englishâp.26, 37
37. Frank Badgleyâp.28
38. Bill Campbellâp.29, 36
39. George Cvijanovichâp.35
40. Walfried Ekmanâp.38, 39, 40
41. Wieland Bieckness (?)âp.39
42. Hal Braytonâp.43
43. Max Brewerâp.44, 45, 53
44. Art Leckenbrookâp.46
45. Lawson Brighamâp.47
46. Major Joe Belotaâp.48, 49
47. Jack Calvertâp.49
48. Sir Hubert Wilkinsâp.52, 53
49. Lowell Thomas Sr.âp.52, 53, 54
50. Peter Froekinâp.52, 53
51. Bernt Balchen âp.53, 54
52. Prof. Charles Raymondâp.55
53. Allen Thorndikeâp.55, 70, 71, 80
54. Gary Bakerâp.55
55. Sam Kolbeckâp.55
56. Walt Whitmanâp.55, 92
57. Admiral Bowen âp.57
58. Richard Goodieâp.58
59. Suki Manaveâp.58, 62
60. Brooks Brianâp.58
61. Ned Ostensoâp.58, 62, 74
62. Bill Swenbeckâp.58
63. Dick Watersâp.59
64. Ross Burentâp.59, 60
65. Kurt Bryanâp.62, 63
66. Bert Boleenâp.63
67. John Kutzbaâp.63
68. Joe Smagerinskiâp.63
69. Jule Charneyâp.63
70. Admiral Tom Owenâp. 65, 66, 67
71. Brian Shoemakerâp.1, 52, 64, 68, 69, 100
72. Dick Schaussâp.68, 69
73. Admiral Geigerâp.71, 72, 94, 96
74. Admiral Bachokleâp.72
75. Waldo Ryanâp.72, 73
76. Elliott Weinbergâp.74
77. Ferris Websterâp.74, 76
78. George Beckmanâp.77, 82
79. Drew Rothrockâp.71, 77
80. Jamie Morrisonâp.77
81. Dick Trobridgeâp.77
82. Reid Parmutterâp.77
83. Jim Evansâp.77
84. Gary Macuttâp.77
85. Tom Grenfellâp.77
86. Bob Brownâp.70, 77
87. Ben Vogelâp.78
88. Bo Buckâp.78, 79
89. Roger Colonyâp.78
90. Jim Bakerâp.80, 81, 82
91. Ross Heathâp.82
92. Gordon McDonaldâp.84
93. Al Goreâp.84
94. Walter Monkâp.85
95. Rita Coburnâp.88
96. Larry Gouldâp.89
97. Paul Palmeroyâp.89
98. Nick Washburnâp.89
99. Bill Keelâp.89
100. Tom Jonesâp.90, 91
101. Bob Rutfordâp.71, 91
102. Ed. Toddâp.91, 97
103. Peter Wilknessâp.91, 92
104. Sherry Abbottâp.91, 92
106. Ron McGregorâp.96, 97
107. Max Brittenâp.96
108. Sydney Chapmanâp.100, 109
109. Keith Roncortâp.100
110. Dr. Sofooâp.101
|MXGP 3 The Official Motocross Videogame Xbox One||Koe motocrossin adrenaliinihuuma pelaamalla mestaruussarjan ainoaa virallista videopeliÃ¤! MXGP3 â The Official Motocross Videogame tarjoaa unohtumattoman pelikokemuksen, sillÃ¤ pelattavuus ja grafiikat ovat tÃ¤ysin uudet UnrealÂ® Engine 4:n ansiosta! Aja 18 virallisella radalla ja jÃ¤nnittÃ¤vÃ¤ssÃ¤ MXoN:ssÃ¤ kaikilla vuoden 2016 MXGP- ja MX2-kausien kuskeilla ja pyÃ¶rillÃ¤, ja koe ensimmÃ¤isenÃ¤ 10 eksklusiivisella kaksitahtipyÃ¶rÃ¤llÃ¤ ajamisen riemu! Voit tehdÃ¤ kuskistasi ja pyÃ¶rÃ¤stÃ¤si ainutlaatuisen yli 300 virallisella kustomointiosalla!|
|Emergency Ready Kit|
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) recommends that all Americans have some basic supplies on hand in order to survive for at least three days if an emergency occurs. It is recommended that the Ready Kit should be assembled well in advance of an emergency.
The concept is to be able to survive for at least 72 hours until local officials and relief workers arrive on the scene. The disaster could be wide-spread and involve a lot of people that makes it difficult for relief workers to reach everyone immediately.
Click here for a print version of this list and additional items to consider adding to an emergency ready kit. The American Red Cross has a suggested list for first aid kits and has other items available for purchase at their online store.
|Feds urge residents to report dead wildlife and more wildlife health related news stories||TOP STORIES|
Melting Arctic Ice Releases Deadly Seal Parasite
Necropsies revealed that 406 dead seals were infested with a crescent moon-shaped parasite that had destroyed their livers, but it wasn't clear what the organism was or how the seals had contracted the parasite. Researchers revealed the parasite's identity here today at the annual meeting of AAAS, which publishes Science. They also explained how melting ice in the Arctic Circle is helping such pathogens disperse throughout the world's oceans.
14 Feb 2014
More Arctic News
>>> Is Climate Change Increasing the Disease Risk for Arctic Marine Mammals? [includes slide images]
Oil spills cause heart attacks in fish
While itâs certainly not news that oil spills harm fish, exactly how the oil causes fish harm is a complicated question that ecologists have been trying to answer. A study published Thursday in Science presents an explanation, and itâs nothing less than heartbreaking: The oil makes the fish go into cardiac arrest. The researchers are considering the possibility that oil might cause similar cardiac impacts in other forms of lifeâincluding us.
The study authors, who are affiliated with Stanford University and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), had been studying lingering damage around the site of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico. Tuna became their test subject, due to the spill have occurred within a major spawning ground for the Gulfâs Atlantic bluefin tuna populations. And the tuna had suffered for it: A 2012 assessment had counted a spawning population 64% smaller than the baseline population of 1970.
16 Feb 2014
Cited Journal Article
Fabien Brette et al. (2014). Crude Oil Impairs Cardiac Excitation-Contraction Coupling in Fish. Science. 343(6172):772-776. DOI: 10.1126/science.1242747
Feds urge residents to report dead wildlife
With thousands of tons of coal ash in the Dan River, what are local nature lovers to do if they see dead or dying wildlife along the river? .... There have already been scattered reports of dead turtles in the Dan River, and the question of the spillâs affect on wildlife came up Tuesday night during a meeting with members of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agencyâs first responders.
14 Feb 2014
Coral bleaching makes fish behave recklessly
Fish on bleached coral reefs are fearless. Instead of staying hidden at home, they stray out, making them easy prey for predators.
Coral reefs are rich ecosystems, home to thousands of animals. But if the water gets too warm, the corals expel the algae that live in them, leaving them bleached and sometimes killing them. Climate change is making such bleaching events more commonMovie Camera.
Wondering how fish might be affected, Oona LÃ¶nnstedt of the Australian Research Council's centre for coral reef studies and her colleagues studied the behaviour of pallid damselfish (Pomacentrus amboinensis) on the Great Barrier Reef.
They released fish onto live and dead coral, and found that those on dead coral took more risks and moved further afield. And while the smell of an injured mate prompted fish on live coral to take cover, their counterparts didn't react. The death rate was 75 per cent higher on dead coral.
14 February 2014
OTHER WILDLIFE HEALTH RELATED NEWS
|Fukushima Radioactive Fallout in Alaska. Wildlife Health Implications and more wildlife health news stories||TOP STORIES|
UA researchers trace bat killer's path
White-Nose Syndrome poses threat of extinction; potential impact on agriculture
... The UA research identifies cold-loving, cave-dwelling fungi closely related to WNS, and where and how they spread, and how they survive. These findings help predict the future of North American bats âamong them â the common Little Brown Bat, first seen with WSN in Ohio in March 2011.
Led by Hazel Barton, UA associate professor of biology and recognized as having one of the world's preeminent cave microbiology labs, the research points to a group of fungi related to WSN, which appears as a white, powdery substance on the muzzles, ears and wings of infected bats and gives them the appearance they've been dunked in powdered sugar. Since it was first discovered in hibernating bats in New York in winter 2006-07, WNS has spread across 22 states, including Ohio. In Vermont's Aeolus Cave, which once housed 800,000 bats, WSN wiped out the hibernation den's entire population.
In their research paper, "Comparison of the White-Nose Syndrome agent Pseudogymnoascus destructans to cave-dwelling relatives suggests reduced saprotrophic enzyme activity," published Jan. 22, 2014 by the PLOS ONE, Barton and UA post-doctoral fellow Hannah Reynolds compare two closely related fungi species and reveal common threads, including the discovery that the related fungi share the same nutritional needs.
Originally satisfied by cave soil, the fungus' nutritional source has now transferred to bats. Barton and her colleagues are zeroing in on when the fungus transferred from environment to bat and the consequences of the fungus' relentless ability to survive solely in caves, uninhabited by bats.
29 Jan 2014
Cited Journal Article
Reynolds HT, Barton HA (2014) Comparison of the White-Nose Syndrome Agent Pseudogymnoascus destructans to Cave-Dwelling Relatives Suggests Reduced Saprotrophic Enzyme Activity. PLoS ONE 9(1): e86437. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0086437
Three new feline viruses raise questions about transmission and disease
Pathogen researchers at Colorado State University have discovered a family of cancer-causing viruses in several U.S. populations of bobcats, mountain lions and domestic cats, raising questions about whether the previously undetected viruses could be transmitted between cat species â and whether they might be the root cause of some cancers found in housecats.
...Wildlife ecologists collected blood samples from the bobcats and mountain lions in the course of separate studies related to the wild cats; they shared samples for the CSU study. Likewise, animal shelters across the United States collected and shared blood samples from domestic cats.
... In analyzing blood collected from wild and domestic cat populations in these regions, researchers identified the novel gamma herpes viruses in three species â and further discovered the bobcat virus in some mountain lions. The route of transmission remains unknown, but could occur when the animals fight in the wild, Troyer said.
01 Feb 2014
Fukushima Radioactive Fallout in Alaska. Wildlife Health Implications
Scientists present links between unusual Alaska seal deaths and Fukushima fallout â Skin lesions, hair loss, lethargy â âPulsed releaseâ when built-up radionuclides were set free as ice melted â âWildlife health implicationsâ due to radiation exposure discussed
...During summer 2011 it became evident to coastal communities and wildlife management agencies that there was a novel disease outbreak occurring in several species of Arctic ice-associated seals. Gross symptoms associated with the disease included lethargy, no new hair growth, and skin lesions, with the majority of the outbreak reports occurring between the Nome and Barrow region. NOAA and USFWS declared an Alaska Northern Pinnipeds Usual Mortality Event (UME) in late winter of 2011.
The ongoing Alaska 2011 Northern Pinnipeds UME investigation continues to explore a mix of potential etiologies (infectious, endocrine, toxins, nutritious etc.), including radioactivity. Currently, the underlying etiology remains undetermined. We present results on gamma analysis (cesium 134 and 137) of muscle tissue from control and diseased seals, and discuss wildlife health implications from different possible routes of exposure to Fukushima fallout to ice seals.
Global Research News
27 Jan 2014
Other Wildlife Health Related News
The Solar Bulletin of the American Association of Variable Star Observers (ISSN 0271-8480) is the publication of record for observational data relating to sunspot and sudden ionospheric disturbance (SID) observations by Solar Section observers of the AAVSO.Â The Solar Bulletin is published monthly in the calendar month following the cover date (i.e. the January issue is published in mid-February, and contains data for January).Â It has been published regularly with few interruptions since 1944.Â
The AAVSO Solar Bulletin is currently listed in the NASA ADS Abstract Service under journal code "AAVSB".Â If you use AAVSO solar data or the bulletin in your publication, please cite the data accordingly; more importantly, please let us know that you use these data!Â We would appreciate receiving a copy of any and all publications that reference AAVSO data; please send offprints or links to abstract pages to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Active solar observers receive a copy of the Solar Bulletin each month.Â Institutions and other entities may subscribe to the Solar Bulletin for a fee.Â See our subscriptions page for details.
Note that data from the AAVSO Solar Section are only available either via the Bulletin or via NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center.Â We are working toward making these data available electronically via the AAVSO website in the very near future.
Jump to year: 2016, 2015, 2014,Â 2013, 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006, 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002, 2001, 2000, 1999, 1998, 1997, 1996, 1995, 1994, 1993, 1992, 1991, 1990, 1989, 1988, 1987, 1986, 1985, 1984, 1983, 1982, 1981, 1980, 1979, 1978, 1977, 1976, 1975, 1974, 1973, 1972, 1971, 1970, 1969, 1968, 1967, 1966, 1965, 1964, 1963, 1962, 1961, 1960, 1959, 1958, 1957, 1956, 1955, 1954, 1953, 1952, 1951, 1950, 1949, 1948, 1947, 1946, 1945
|Midday open thread: Dead Indian children returned to their homeland; broken US economy in one chart|
â¢ Remains of three Arapaho children who died at assimilationist school returned to their homeland: Capt. Richard H. Pratt, the founder of the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, infamously said the solution for dealing with the Native population of America was to âKill the Indian ...Â and save the man.â And he set out to do so by taking Indian children from their parents, from their tribes and indoctrinating them at Carlisle in Pennsylvania. Among those were the children taken along with Geronimo when the Apache leader surrendered his band of Chiricahuas for the last time in 1886. The school sought to take everything from them, their religions, their cultures, their mode of dress, even their names. All of them had their hair cut short. Over the years, children abducted and taken to the schoolÂ to have the Indian in them killedÂ included three Northern Arapahos: Little Chief, 14, who was renamedÂ Dickens Nor; Horse, 11, renamed Horace Washington; and Little Plume, 9, renamed Hayes Vanderbilt. Within two years, they were all dead and buried in a small cemetery that eventually included nearly 200 Indian children who died there from 1879-1918. On Monday, with 15 relatives of the three as witnesses, the Army began excavating theirÂ graves preparatory to returning their remains to theÂ Wind River Reservation in Wyoming that the Northern Arapaho now share with another tribe, their traditional enemies, the Eastern Shoshoni. The Rosebud Sioux of South Dakota have requested the remains of their children grabbed by Carlisle be returned.
â¢ Google employee (now ex-), who wrote that womenâs brains are inferior, removes PhD reference from his Linked-In site: Geez. Isnât this just perfect?Â
|The Best Long Range Walkie Talkie||In addition to producing inexpensive, short-range walkie-talkies for children to use as toys, manufacturers produce more expensive, long-range walkie-talkies, also known as 2 way radios, which people use in a variety of applications. For example, hikers and hunters use long-range walkie-talkies to communicate with each other. In addition to having ranges of multiple miles, the best long-range walkie-talkies offer multiple channels and have useful bonus features.|
According to BestCovery.com, the Midland GXT1000VP4 walkie-talkie has a range of 36 miles and offers 50 channels, which allows you to browse for less-crowded channel options until your audio transmissions come through âcrystal clear.â The walkie-talkie has a rugged design and can withstand water exposure for up to 30 minutes. With the Midland GXT1000VP4â²s weather-scanning technology, you can receive local weather reports from the NOAA, or National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, as well as fire, Amber and bio-hazard alerts. Other features of the long-rang walkie-talkie include vibration alert and silent settings for optimizing stealth and an SOS emergency distress siren, which can be useful if you become lost or are in danger.
The Motorola MR350 long-range walkie-talkie has a range of 35 miles and offers 22 channels. Like the Midland GXT1000VP4, the Motorola MR350 picks up NOAA radio alerts, offers vibration alerts and silent operation settings and has a system for broadcasting an emergency alert siren. However, the Motorola MR350â²s emergency system also allows you to broadcast a voice message or sounds from your surroundings in addition to the siren. Additional features of the walkie-talkie include a built-in LED, or light-emitting diode, flashlight and large, easy-to-use buttons.
|Ãn meciul dintre energiile fosile Èi cele regenerabile, scorul nu este Ã®ncÄ decis||CÃ¢nd am scris cÄ NATO iese din joc. Se Ã®ncÄlzeÈte, pe margine, Ã®ncÄlzirea globalÄ (Actualizat 2), nu Ètiam care va fi decizia âantrenorului-Èefâ: va fi lÄsatÄ Ã®ncÄlzirea globalÄ sÄ rÄmÃ¢nÄ Ã®n jocul Ã®nceput la Paris in decembrie 2015, sau va fi scoasÄ pe tuÈÄ? Acum se cunoaÈte hotÄrÃ¢rea âantrenoruluiâ Trump: Ã®n ciuda numeroaselor âindicaÈii preÈioaseâ [...]|
|Driving Commerce Data onto New Platformsâ¦|
During the holiday season, more of us spend more time trying to think about how we gave back this year and commit to give back in the next year. Here at Commerce, we have information that can help you target that giving, and to make other decisions, and we have been working hard to bring you more ways you can get that information.
For example, Alexa, is the internal âpersonalityâ behind the Amazon Echo hands-free speaker that you control with your voice. And now, through a joint effort between the Commerce Data Service, the Census Bureau, Amazon Web Services, and developers who volunteered their expertise, a source of Echoâs âknowledgeâ is the Census Bureauâs API. And now, through Alexa, you can get direct access to its annual American Community Survey resultsâa wealth of data about who we are, where we live, how we live, what we do and what we earn.
Here I want to call out Amazon Web Services for hosting a team from Censusâled by Jeff Meiselâand the Commerce Data Service, along with 70 volunteer developers in Seattle, for the Amazon Alexa Open Data Skills Challenge. Software developers and civic hackers had the chance to build innovative solutions that connect open data with voice recognition. The goal was to bring Census data to the Alexa voice platform to make the device even more helpfulâand the data easier to obtain.
Russell Lyons, a member of the Census team that participated in the Alexa challenge, created a Census Data Skill for the device that makes the most common Census website search results now accessible through voice recognition.
Now, for example, if you ask Alexa:
Right now with the Census Data skill enabled, the answer you get will be driven off of data directly from the Commerce Department.
The developers at the Alexa Open Data Skills Challenge did not stop there:
One Alexa challenge team developed a tool they dubbed âGripe,â which used Census data including commute times, the number of unmarried people by gender, and data from NOAA allowing users to âgripeâ about their drive to work, their love life or the weather, and Alexa would suggest where the user might like to live instead. Another team used USPTO data to ask Alexa if their idea for a new product or service has already been patented.
The Census-Alexa challenge goes to a key goal in democratizing public data: To give people access to the data in whichever medium they prefer. While large consulting firms and data experts may be comfortable getting data via an API, a larger audience simply wants to access our data seamlessly via their consumer devices in both text and voice searches.
The outpouring of help from the digital sector to harness public data for the public good brings to mind the old âWesley Ruleâ: âDo all the good you can, by all the means you can, in all the ways you can, in all the places you can, at all the times you can, to all the people you can, as long as ever you can.â
In that light, Iâm grateful to everyone who answered the call to turn data into action: The developers who built apps to help people secure affordable housing, jobs and gender pay equality. The digital game-changers spurred by the White House Opportunity Project. The Presidential Innovation Fellows and amazing talents behind GSAâs 18F program, the US Digital Service, and the Commerce Data Service and the Commerce Data Advisory Council. And digital sector leaders and innovators like Amazon.
Weâre deep in the âseason of giving,â when we come together in a spirit of shared humanity, generosity and service to humankind. I am inspired completely dissolved by how many people have joined our mission, responded to our call to action, and put their talents and creative minds to work to harness public data to make our government, nation, and peopleâs lives better.
And try our new Alexa skill, driven straight off of Commerce data.
|Innovations in Training at Commerce|
Leonardo DaVinci.Â Paul Revere.Â Ben Franklin.Â Vincent Van Gogh.Â Elvis Presley. Â David Beede.Â April Blair. William Hawk. Andrea Julca.Â Karlheinz Skowronek. Patricia Tomczyszyn.
Which names donât seem to belong with the others?Â Trick question.Â While DaVinci and other names obviously are famous, the backgrounds of all of these women and men have something major in common: They trained as apprentices.
DaVinci and Van Gogh apprenticed as painters.Â Revere, as a silversmith and Franklin, as a printer.Â Elvis apprenticed not as a singer, but as an electrician.Â As for Beede, Blair, Hawk, Julca, Skowronek and Tomczyszyn, they are all Commerce Department employees who trained on the job in data analysis, discovery and visualization at the Commerce Data Academy. Â (More on this in a bit.)
This past November included National Apprenticeship Week, and as US Secretary of Labor Thomas Perez said, âApprenticeships are experiencing a modern renaissance in America because the earn-while-learn model is a win-win proposition for workers looking to punch their ticket to the middle-class and for employers looking to grow and thrive in our modern global economy.â
The first-time study of the business benefits and costs of apprenticeships by ESAâs Office of Chief Economist and Case Western University underscores the point.Â Key findings of the full report from 13 case studies include:
The report also looked at the relative costs and benefits at two companies.Â Siemens finds an 8 percent return on investment to its apprenticeship program relative to hiring skilled workers. Â The Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Centers apprenticeships helped to reduce unpopular, unproductive, expensive overtime work from medical providers and to increase booked hours, which together more than paid for the apprentices.
Overall, the companies studied were unanimous in their support of registered apprenticeships.Â They found value in the program and identified benefits that more than justified the costs and commitments to the apprentices.
The Labor Departmentâs ApprenticeshipUSA program offers tools and information to employers and employees about adopting the age-old earn-while-learning model for 21st century workforce needs.
Meanwhile, Commerce is helping to pioneer a hands-on, data-centric instructional model for the federal government by establishing our Commerce Data Academy â winner of the FedScoop 50 Tech Program of the Year for 2016.
Launched by the Commerce Data Service, the Data Academyâs goal is to empower more Commerce employees to make data-driven decisions, advancing the data pillar of Secretary Penny Pritzkerâs âOpen for Businessâ strategy and bringing a data-driven approach to modernizing government.
The Academy began as a pilot last January to test demand for training in data science, data engineering and web development training.Â The pilot offered classes in agile development, HTML & CSS, Storytelling with Data, and Excel at Excel.Â
We crossed our fingers for at least 30 pilot enrollees.Â We were thrilled to receive 422 registrations, and initial classes posted a nearly 90 percent attendance rate.Â
This overwhelming response told us: We needed to officially launch the Academy.Â
So we did, and to date, we have presented 20 courses (two more are coming) with topics from agile development, to storytelling with data, to machine learning, to programming in Python. We have more than 1,900 unique Commerce registrants and nearly 1,100 unique attendees so far.
For the truly committed (and talented), the Academy offers an in-depth residency program that features a chance to work alongside data scientists and professional developers within the Commerce Data Service. Â Residents must tough through an immersive boot camp to prepare for a three-month detail, but the reward is a chance to work on a high-priority problem or need identified by their home bureaus.
The first class of 13 residents recently graduated, and their bureaus are thrilled with the data-oriented products they have created â several featured at the recent Opportunity Project Demo Day and the Commerce Data Advisory Council (CDAC) meeting â and theyâve been instrumental in many of the Commerce Data Serviceâs award-winning innovations.
We really appreciated the additional feedback from CDACâs digital thought leaders who encouraged us to spread the word out about our academy, join the online digital education community, harness the alumni network as it grows, and keep teaching our grads.Â
Back Row L-R: Kevin Markham (Instructor, General Assembly); Steven Finkelstein (Census); Dmitri Smith (BIS); William Hawk (ESA); David Garrow (Census); Adam Bray (Instructor, General Assembly); David Beede (ESA). Front Row L-R: Karlheinz Skowronek (PTO), April Blair (PTO), Tanya Shen (BEA), Stephen Devine (EDA), Laura Cutrer (NOAA), and Patricia Tomczyszyn (MBDA). Not pictured: Amanda Reynolds (ITA), Gregory Paige (OS), Andrea Julca (BEA), Jennifer Rimbach (MBDA) Photograph: Dr. Tyrone Grandison.
Data skills are invaluable in the 21st century digital economy, and we want to do our part to advance Americaâs economy and competitiveness.Â
Jake Schwartz, CEO and co-founder of the education startup General Assembly (a collaborator in setting up the initial Commerce Data Academy courses), recently told CNBC that the number-one skill that employers demand now is around data science, development and analytics.Â This demand is driving new opportunities for rewarding jobs and careers in data.Â But not just for digital and data professionals.Â Everyone, in almost every industry and every job, and every level, including CEOs, will need a basic grounding.Â
âAn investment in knowledge,â onetime apprentice Ben Franklin said, âpays the best interest.âÂ
Franklinâs employers who invested in his printing apprenticeship certainly never imagined that he would leverage his trade to help found a nation.Â Who knows how the Commerce Data Academy will launch David Beede, April Blair, William Hawk, Andrea Julca, Karlheinz Skowronek, Patricia Tomczyszyn and other alumni â current and future â to a future that could change the world.Â
Thanks for reading.
|Putting Government Data to Work: A New Report From The GovLab Outlines Private Sector Recommendations for Improving Commerce Department Data Management|
The Governance Lab (GovLab) at New York University today released âRealizing The Potential of Open Government Data: A Roundtable with the U.S. Department of Commerce,â a report on findings and recommendations for ways the U.S. Commerce Department can improve its data management, dissemination and use. The report summarizes a June 2014 Open Data Roundtable, co-hosted by The GovLab and the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy with the Commerce Department, which brought together Commerce data providers and 25 representatives from the private sector and nonprofit organizations for an action-oriented dialogue on data issues and potential solutions. The GovLab is convening a series of other Open Data Roundtables in its mission to help make government more effective and connected to the public through technology.
âWe were honored to work with the White House and the Department of Commerce to convene this event,â said Joel Gurin, senior advisor at The GovLab and project director of the Open Data 500 and the Roundtable Series. âThe Department's commitment to engaging with its data customers opens up great opportunities for public-private collaboration.â
Under Secretary of Commerce for Economic Affairs Mark Doms said, âAt the Commerce Department, we are only at the beginning of our open data effort. We share the goals and objectives embodied by the call of the Open Data 500: to deliver data that is valuable to industry and that provides greater economic opportunity for millions of Americans.â
This GovLab report is designed to encourage further dialogue, participation and collaboration between the Departmentâs data providers and its data users and stakeholders. The GovLab has identified seven key areas for Commerce Department improvement based on the Roundtable participantsâ discussion:
The GovLab report also includes commitments that the Commerce Department has already made in response to discussions during the Roundtable, as well as opportunities for the private sector and civil society organizations to contribute feedback and solutions. As a result of the Roundtable, several Commerce Department bureaus â the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO), the International Trade Administration (ITA), and the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) â have also made concrete commitments to improve their data policies and management practices.
In July, Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker announced the expansion and enhancement of Commerce data programs, which was based in part on feedback from the Open Data Roundtable participants. Specifically, the Department will hire its first-ever Chief Data Officer, who will be responsible for developing a plan for the future of the data resources at Commerce and ensure that data dissemination is coordinated, comprehensive and strategic. The Commerce Department is also creating a Data Advisory Council, which will be comprised of 15 private sector leaders to advise the Department on the best use of its data, including accessibility and usability.
The Commerce Departmentâs âOpen for Business Agenda,â unveiled in November 2013, prioritizes unleashing more government data to help business leaders make the best possible decisions, while creating fertile ground for more startups. The strategic data goal calls for data producers within the Department to listen to suggestions from those already using Commerce data and to get the private sectorâs guidance on where the federal government can unlock the greatest value in its data sets.
The GovLab's research helps connect government and the private sector through its Open Data 500 study of companies that use open government data as a key business resource. Companies from this study that use Commerce data were invited to the Roundtable. The Open Data 500 study is supported by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation. To learn more about The GovLab, visit http://thegovlab.org/.
This news release is cross-posted on the DOC website: http://www.commerce.gov/news/press-releases/2014/10/15/putting-governmen...
|Peningkatan Pengendalian Kebakaran Hutan|
Upaya siaga penanggulangan kebakaran hutan dan lahan di Riau menunjukan perkembangan yang baik. Laporan rekapitulasi pantauan hotspot oleh Satuan Tugas Siaga Darurat Bencana Asap Provinsi Riau berdasar pantauan dari Satelit NOAA.18, pada periode Bulan Juli 2014 terpantau ada 66 jumlah hotspot di 12 kab/kota di Riau, yaitu meliputi Kab. Rokan Hilir, Kab. Rokan Hulu, Kota Dumai, Kab. Bengkalis, Kab. Meranti, Kab. Siak, Kota Pekanbaru, Kab. Kampar, Kab. Pelalawan, Kab. Indragiri Hulu, Kab. Indragiri Hilir, dan Kab. Kuansing.
Perkembangan hotspot di Provinsi Riau terus dipantau dari hari ke hari. Upaya untuk mengatasi masalah kebakaran hutan dan lahan di Provinsi Riau ini dilakukan dengan pembagian tugas yaitu Satgas Darat, Satgas Udara, Satgas Perawatan dan Kesehatan serta Satgas Penegakan Hukum. Pembagian tugas tersebut dilakukan sebagai langkah komperhensif dalam penanganan Darurat Bencana Asap Provinsi Riau. Satgas Darat berfungsi memadamkan titik api secara manual dengan pengerahan personil yang dibantu oleh TNI AD.
Selengkapnya dapat diunduh pada tautan berikut : Siaga Kebakaran Hutan dan Lahan di Riau
|Trumpâs proposed 2018 budget takes an ax to science research funding|
Some programs see increases, but most face sharp cuts
Science & the Public
Alex Wong/Getty Images
Tornadoes in the southeast, Earthâs magnetic field and obesity might not seem to have much in common. Well, now they do.
Under President Donald Trumpâs 2018 budget proposal, federal research spending into all three areas â and many others â would decline abruptly. The president delivered his budget request to Congress on May 23, presenting the sharpest picture yet of his administrationâs priorities for federal science spending. Some science and technology programs within agencies would see their funds increase, but the administration recommends extensive cuts to basic research overall. The request greatly expands on the âskinny budgetâ the administration released in March (SN: 4/15/17, p. 15). Â
Total federal research spending would be slashed by about 17 percent, Rush Holt, CEO of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, said in a conference call with reporters. âIf the White House budget plan were to become law, it would devastate Americaâs science and technology enterprise.âÂ
For many science agencies and programs, the outlook appears stark. Some examples:
Those numbers donât mean much just yet â they are just a starting point for a long and winding route through the political process. But the details do provide more information about what programs and areas of research could be in trouble.
Story continues after table
Budget request fiscal year 2018
The president's proposed 2018 budgets for select science agencies (in $ billions)Â
Source: OMB, AAASâ Does not include user fees
NSFâs grant programs, for example, would lose $776 million, dropping the overall budget from $7.5 billion to $6.65 billion. As a result, the agency estimates that in fiscal year 2018, the proposed funds would support about 8,000 new research grant awards, about 800 fewer than in 2016. Among the NSF-funded programs facing potentially severe reductions are clean energy research and development and the Ocean Observatories Initiative, an array of marine and seismic sensors scattered across the Atlantic and Pacific oceans that is Â expected to provide some of the most detailed ocean measurements to date (SN: 10/19/13, p.Â 22). The project would see its NSF funding slashed by 44 percent.
A bright spot: The request leaves funding flat for LIGO, which discovered gravitational waves in 2016 (SN: 3/5/16, p. 6). Planned, continued upgrades to the projectâs laser interferometer systems are still on, NSF director France CÃ³rdova said May 23 at a budget presentation at NSF headquarters in Arlington, Va. NSF has invested about $1.1 billion in the project. âIt was the biggest investment NSF has made to date, and it was a big risk,â CÃ³rdova said.
Many in the scientific community say the proposed cuts would significantly undermine the nationâs global leadership role in advancing science. And they doubt the administrationâs argument that the private sector would make the necessary investments in basic science research.
âCandidly, shareholders are not interested in funding research, which tends to be costly, very long-term and very risky,â said retired aerospace executive Norman Augustine during the AAAS conference call. âResearch is a public good.â¦ The rewards tend to go to the public as a whole, and therefore research really warrants government support.â
Funding for DOEâs energy programs, including research into efficiency and renewable energy, would fall about 60 percent. One of those programs, the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, would be eliminated. The administration defends phasing out the roughly $300 million ARPA-E, which funds research on risky but promising energy technologies, by saying the private sector is âbetter positionedâ to finance such research.
Within the DOE Office of Science, the biological and environmental research program, which studies climate modeling among other things, faces the steepest cut â 43 percent, a drop from $612 million to $349 million. High-energy physics research would see an 18 percent reduction, but the program for advanced scientific computing would get an 11 percent bump.
Environmental research would suffer at NOAA, with the Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research facing sweeping cuts. Funding for climate research would drop 19 percent, weather and air chemistry research 25 percent and ocean, coastal and Great Lakes research by 49 percent. Programs potentially shuttered include:
At USGS, the roughly $1.9 million geomagnetism program would be zeroed out. It monitors changes in Earthâs magnetic field, providing data that help NOAA and the U.S. Air Force track magnetic storms due to solar activity. Such storms can disrupt radio communication, GPS systems and, if severe enough, the electric power grid. The agencyâs Climate and Land Use Change program, renamed the Land Resources program, would see a 24 percent cut. Most of the funding for a carbon sequestration research program, about $8 million, would be eliminated, with the rest, about $1.5 million, being redirected to the energy and minerals program. That division would see about a 2 percent increase overall.
Health programs and biomedical research would face big challenges under Trumpâs budget. At CDC, $1.2 billion would be slashed from the agencyâs overall budget. The request proposes cutting $163 million from the agencyâs chronic disease prevention programs, which aim to reduce incidence of heart disease, stroke, diabetes and obesity. Prevention programs for domestic HIV/AIDS, sexually transmitted diseases and tuberculosis face a $183 million decrease in funding.
NIHâs overall budget would fall from the enacted 2017 level of $34.6 billion to $26.9 billion. Some of the most striking cuts:
Congress, however, recently boosted NIH funding â at least for fiscal year 2017 â providing an additional $2 billion over the next five months.
Thatâs an important reminder that many of the programs facing extensive reductions or elimination have allies on Capitol Hill, a potentially comforting thought for those alarmed by the presidentâs request. âWeâre counting on Congress to, once again, say no to these recommendations,â Mary Woolley, president of the health and medical research advocacy group Research!America, said in the AAAS conference call.
Not all science agencies or programs are threatened. For instance, NASAâs planetary science division would see a funding bump. The final 2017 spending agreement, which Congress recently passed, had already increased the divisionâs budget from $1.63 billion to $1.85 billion. In Trumpâs proposal, that number is nudged even higher, to $1.93 billion. As expected, the administration supports a flyby mission to Europa, one of Jupiterâs moons. The president has requested $425 million for the project, a 55 percent increase from the 2017 enacted level of $275 million.
âWeâre pleased by our top-line number of $19.1 billion, which reflects the presidentâs confidence in our direction and the importance of everything weâve been achieving,â said NASA acting administrator Robert Lightfoot.
But the agency would lose about 9 percent of its earth science budget, slightly more than expected. Grants for earth science research would be cut, and NASAâs Carbon Monitoring System, which Congress directed the space agency to form in 2010, would be axed. Five space-based earth science projects would also be eliminated. Those projects are meant, in part, to provide data to help understand various aspects of Earthâs climate and how it is changing.
Trumpâs budget proposal will not get passed by Congress unchanged. Still, the administrationâs lack of support for basic federal research overall has alarmed many scientists and their supporters. Â
âScience research has been the source of improvements in public health, in our energy, in our quality of life, in our agriculture and ability to feed ourselves and the world,â said Holt. âWhat we see is not just a reduction in government programs. What we see is a failure to invest in America.â
|Surf report menu||NWS Multiple buoy acces This National Weather Service site allows you to just move your mouse over different buoys to see the basic height and wave-period aspects of the swell data.
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NEW WEB LINKS TO SURF
Here are the new, surfy links to scope out. They'll be added to the list in the Cyber Surf Shop eventually. This list features almost 200 surfboard maker's homepages and other resources for wave-sliding.
Ola Surfboards This Web site is for a surfboard shop in Italy, just in case.
Wave Skater is a new body board design with a slightly different looking, channeled hull and rails.
Surf Maps, is you guessed it, a site loaded with maps to surfing coasts, but you have to buy them.
The Surfer's Journal ran a story about some surfboards built by an industrial designer that are totally alien looking and work in the waves. Check them out at Thomas Meyerhoffer's web site.
Also from the most recent Surfer's Journal issue, a new shipping container for surfboards is being made called SurfboardPack.|
|Cyber Surf Shop and more links||175 links and growing... If you know of a surf label with its own Web site that should be on this list and isn't, submit it by posting a comment.
Surfboards or works of art? Bruce Jones Surfboards
The Endless Summer dude. Robert August boards
That other Endless Summer dude. Sweet fish shapes. Michael Hynson Surfboards
Wanna surf a Donald Takayama? Hawaiian Pro Designs
These ainât your dadâs Hobie Alters. Hobie
Shapes the longboard champâs ride, retros and more. Stewart Surfboards
All shapes from a historic San Diego label. Gordan & Smith
24 shapes endorsed by a magical surfer. Joel Tudor
Boards from a true pioneer. Dewey Weber
Lightning bolts, tow-ins and more. Gerry Lopez Surfboards
Gotta Hawaiin surf spot named for you? Dale does. Surfboards By Velzy
You probably want a longboard from this guy. Dick Brewer Surfboards
Australian icon Wayne Lynch's brand. Evolution
Expensive but beautiful kits and finished boards from paipo to log. Grain Surfboards
Redwood and balsa shapes. Eaton Surfboards
From ancient Hawaiian shapes to fish. Tom Wegener Surfboards
Unreal, exquisite hollow woodies. Paul Jensen Surfboards
Redwood planks and balsa models. Born Again Boards
Solid balsa and redwood. Chuck Bassett
Custom balsaâs at Ron Jons. Jeri Custom Balsawoods
Hollow, solid and foam-core balsas from Oz. Riley
Balsaâs from Satellite Beach. Balsa Bill
Custom balsas from Carlsbad, Cali. Mack Surfboards
How about a solid Agave board? Linden Surfboards
Santa Cruz classics. Johnny Rice
Credited with resurrecting longboards, has all shapes now. Walden Surfboards
Seal Beach, Cali., since 1959. Beautiful work. Harbour Surfboards
San Diego guns, logs and funshapes. Eaton Surfboards
Legend? Yes. Longboards? Definitely. "Renny" Yater
Family tree mother branch, Hap Jacobs. (Under Construction.) Hap Jacobs Surf
Original noseriding legend. David Nuuhiwa Surfboards
Some say he was really âFirst in Foam.â Dave Sweet Surfboards
New label from family of the Duke. Kahanamoku Sons
Legendary island label, iconic triple stringers. Surfboards Hawaii
Mostly longboards. Classic Cali. Con Surfboards
Crescent City, Cali., models. Rhyn Noll Surfboards
Absolutely gorgeous Rincon-area retros. Cooperfish Surfboards
Ventura, Calif., classic designs. Mobley Surfboards
Famed longboards, but have lots of shapes. Pearson Arrow Surfboards
Two-piece longboards buit to travel. Pope Bisect
New York shop with all shapes, really. Bunger
Really sweet shapes, paints from Costa Mesa,Calif. Dano Surfboards
Bing Copeland started on the Pacific Coast Highway in 1959. Bing Surfboards
Kelly Slaterâs ride. Channel Islands
Al Merrick's new logo. Anacapa
Canât go wrong with this medicine. Surf Prescriptions
Not just Hawaiian, world class. Hawaiian Island Creations
The official Jeff Bushman site. Bushman Surfboards
Put an ace of spades in your quiver. Kechel Surfboards
Blue-chip label from a variety of big names. Ripcurl boards
Signature grooved deck to reduce buoyancy in rails. Stretch Surfboards
Another group of high profile names for this major label. Billabong boards
Preisendorfer, as in Rusty. That says it all. Rusty
Tractor logo. Andy Ironsâ ride. This is it. JS Industries
Tim Bessell custom shapes. Bessell
Mayhem and Chili's versions. Lost...
Mark Richard's version. Lost...
That Chilli pepper logo. (Under Construction) Chilli Surfboards
Attitude included. Rat Surfboards
Big name from Santa Cruz. M10 Surfboards
Loads of styles. Loads of style. Xanadu Surf Designs
Hawaiian heavy. JC Hawaii
That rocket logo. Itâs pronounced âtake off.â Teqoph Surfboards
Five fins, channeled bottoms? The Cambell brotherâs original. Bonzer
Surfboards inspired by the 70s surf flick. Morning of the Earth Surfboards
Knock out resin tints, gorgeous lines. Rainbow Surfboards
More than just groovy. Plastic Machine Surfboards
ALTERNATIVE MATERIALS & SHAPES
Looks like an alien shape. Jet Bottoms
Hemp and cotton cloth, hollow balsas. Ocean Green
Full-on space aged internal frames. Hydro Epic
Displacement hulls, flex fins. Say what? A must read. Liddle Surfboards
The one and only Nugget shape. McCoy Surfboards
Patagonia magnate, Fletcher Chouinardâs composite boards. Point Blanks
Parabolic rail stringers. Firewire Surfboards
A tail with springs in it. Surf Syndicate
Hollow carbon fibers. Aviso Surf
Built like airplane wings or UFOs? Salomon S-Cores
Balsa, redwood, cedar and foam composite. GR Designs
Soft tops for serious surfing. Tom Morey
Tougher contructionâs by name-brand shapers. Surftech
Epoxies from 6â2â to 10â South Point
Epoxies from 4â9â to 11â NSP
Aerated Cellular Structure tech equals indestructible. Bic Sport Surfboards
Port Orange in the house! Klein Surfboards
A Cocoa Beach master. Natural Art
Flagler Beach shaper. maTTz Surfboards
A real New Smyrna kahuna. Wooster Surfboards
Still working on their site, but... Quiet Flight
Flagler Beachâs world champ. Queen of the pier. Zamba Surfboards
Atlantic Beach shop. Whisnat Surfboards
St. Augustine shapes. Inspired Surfboards.
Power to the Peeples. Erie Surfboards
Melbourne labels. Cannibal Surf
Space Coast shaper.Tom Neilson Shapes
Daytona Beach rockers. Clever Surfboards
Fernandina Beach house. Cyclone Surfboards
EAST COAST RIDES
Virgnia Beach icon. Wave Riding Vehicles
North Carolina shop. AJW Surfboards
Texas sticks of all shapes and sizes. Superior Surfboards
Never seen a channeled bottom like this. Fry Surfboards
THE HAWAIIAN BUNCH
All style. All business. Town & Country
Mostly guns. Casey Surf Designs
Nothing says Hawaii like it. Aloha Surfboards
A top dog name, bruddah. Ben Aipa
North Shore bro, Jeff Johnston. Shapes Hawaii
Another North Shore all star. Pyzel Surfboards
Ridden at Jaws, a Maui address and a variety of shapes. Timpone Surfboards
Maui wowie. Elua Makani
Craig Kawamura shapes. CK Surfboards
Namesake label of Nor Calâs surf city USA. SC
Handshaped from Encinitas, retros, long dogs and shorties. Free Spirit Surfboards
One of San Diego's big dogs. Kane Garden
Hometown shop of the Dana Point mafia. Infinity Surfboard
Encino man. Encinitas Surfboards
Major label from Hermosa Beach. Sypder Surf
Fish with home breaks of Trestles, Malibu, Huntington. 9 Fish Surf
San Clemente shop. Cole Surfboards
Name a shape. They make it. Channin Surf
Hermosa Beach shaping bay. Stickman Surf
Redondo Beach shop with lots of shapes. Fuego Surf
Another Cali guru. Linden Surfboards
Oceanside. Streetsmart. Chemsitry Surfboards
San Diegan ridden world wide. Sharp Eye Surfboards
Are you west coast on the schneid? Schneider Surfboards
You stay classy San Diego. Christenson Surfboards
Whoâs ridden these? Machado. Kalani Robb. Sauritch Surfboards
Newbury Park, Cali., shapers. Barker Surfboards
From the home of the Banana Slugs. That's Santa Cruz, yo. Schroedel
San Francisco Bay-area boards. Natural Curves
Self-taught San Diego shaper. TDK Surfboards
Another Dana Point heavy. Ellis Surfboards
Marina Del Rey biz with nice shape selection. Anderson Surfboards
Limited Southern Cal menu. Roberts Surf
Hermosa Beach shop whoâs chief is in Noosa Head, Australia. Wegener Surfboards
Carpenteria surf shop and shaping bay. JHR Surfboards
Ventura, Calif., high performance. Proctor Surf
Costa Mesa shop. Cordell Miller Surfboards
Big, big name from San Clemente. TPatterson Surfboards
Another Costa Mesa shop. DT Surf
Beautiful Ventura boards. Dennis Ryder Surfboards
Nothing says Hawaiian like it, but it's from Cali, bro. Ukulele Surfboards
Santa Barbara home of McCrystal and the Soul Octopus. Beatty Products
British Columbia boards. Sitka Surfboards
Oregon shapes. Seven Surfboards
Another Oregon crew. Hammer Surf
Lincoln City, Oregon EPS shapes. Russo Surfboards
THE BRONZED AUSSIES
He started in the 60s and helped spearhead the shortboard revolution. McTavish
North Coast boards. Bear Surfboards
Won a world title on a twin fin. Mark Richards Surfboards
No theyâre not see-through. Clear Surfboards
Darren Handley boards. Base Surfboards
Gold Coast performance shapes. Lowen88
Aussies with a Cali shop, too. Mad Surf
Tom Carroll rides on this team. Enough said. Byrne Surf
Specializing in custom jobs. Stramger Surfboards
Brookvale, Australia. Misfit Shapes
What's in a name. Pedigree. History. Legend. Watercooled Surfboards
Dale Chapmanâs label. Chapman Surfboards
SOUTH AFRICAN STICKS
âDreamâ boards. Wave Scape
Cape Town shaper. 33 Srf
J-Bay shop. Jigsaw Surfboards
Mas Africaners. HH Surfboards
When they safari, they mean it. Safari Surf
Yet another shark biscuit. Billeon
Still more from the dark continent. Bilt Surf
Location, location, location. Season Surfboards
Team Jamaica's label. Quashi
Remember your wetsuit. Power Source Surfboards
Olas uber alas! Norden-Surfboards
Can you read Portugese? FM Surf
Surf the canal! Boa Surfboards
There are loads more Brit shapes, but check these tail stringers! SKUA Surfboards
Ku Ku Hoeâs. Hawaiian for âstand up paddle.â Infinity
The kind Laird Hamilton and crew ride. Pohakus
More Hawaiian stand-ups. Paddle Surf Hawaii
Here's a list of more links for all things surfer. If you think of any more surfy sites that should be included, send in a suggestion by posting a comment and I'll take a look.
LOCAL SURF DOCUMENTARY
The photo-documentary "When We Were Kings" is about New Smyrna Beach surfing in the 80s. It's by J. Patrick Altes.
NOAA wave models
NOAA St. Augustine buoy
NOAA Canaveral buoy
NOAA wind flow vector model
National Weather Service marine forecasts
NOAA Northwest Atlantic water vapor loop satellite
SURF REPORTS & CAMS
New Smyrna Beach cam
Daytona Beach cam
East Coast Cams Sunglow Pier cam
Cocoa Beach based 2nd Light report
Melbourne Beach wave gague
St. Augustine based The Surf Station report
Daytona Beach based Pier Monkey report
Gulf coast report
Rep Your Break's Jacksonville Pier report
Fluid Groove's Jacksonville Beach report
Rep Your Break's Daytona Beach Pier report
Dade County surf report
South Florida report
Southern North Carolina reports
Links and more on EastCoastSurf.com
Ross's Cocoa and Idiatlantic report
Red Dog's New Smyrna report
16 Streets Cocoa report
Surf Consolidator northeast Florida reports
Nosara, Costa Rica
Costa Rica surf map
Scorpion Bay campground Web site
ASP World Tour
ASP North America regional tour
Eastern Surfing Association
National Scholastic Surfing Association
ZINES & CLEARINGHOUSES
Surfing The Mag
Surfers Village surfing news
Swaylock's surfboard design forum
Map of Bahamas surf spots
SURFBOARD MUSEUM DISPLAY
This link is to a 360-degree photographic tour of the surfboard exhibit the Daytona Beach Museum of Arts and Sciences held in May 2005, called Surfing USA. . The photo tour was created was John McSwain. Surfboard exhibit
I NEVER KNEW THAT!
There's a site to report and look for stolen surfboards. StolenSurfboardsOnline
The American Society of Civil Engineers did a paper on Ponce Inlet wave simulations.|
|Update: NEWIS: NOAA Extreme Weather Information (Reference)||
NEWIS: NOAA Extreme Weather Information 4.2
Device: iOS Universal
Price: Free, Version: 4.1 -> 4.2 (iTunes)
This is the App of the popular NOAA Extreme Weather Information Sheet (NEWIS). NEWIS is designed to be a "one stop" reference with links to national, state, and local websites and phone numbers that coastal residents can use before, during, and after weather emergencies.
The goal of NEWIS is to help citizens increase their weather readiness as a part of NOAA's Weather-Ready Nation initiative. NOAA encourages citizens to make a plan for extreme weather, to stay informed by listening to the official weather forecast from NOAA's National Hurricane Center or local NOAA Weather Forecast Office, and to follow the direction of local emergency managers and law enforcement in the event of a life threatening situation.
NEWIS was developed by NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information, a division of NOAA's National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service.
Update contact information.
NEWIS: NOAA Extreme Weather Information
|ALB-ALBASTRU de LAURA HUBATI||alb mi-e sufletul albastru, Balet marin pe-o margine de zare care eu sunt gheaÈÄ, tu eÈti astru Cu scÄpÄrÄri de foc ivit din mare. Deasupra eu cu plete de ninsoare, Tu dedesubt cu unde de topaz Ne-nlÄnÈuim dansuri trecÄtoare Èi ne-amÄgim cu ultimul extaz. Pe-un portativ cu note efemere, Pe care le cunoaÈtem numai noi Ne risipim douÄ emisfere Èi-apoi ne transformaÈi ploi. ... |
|Azerbaycanâda Kurgan medeniyeti||31.08.2004|
Azerbaycanâda Kurgan medeniyeti
DÃ¼nden bugÃ¼ne kadar
Eski TÃ¼rkler kendi Ã¶lÃ¼lerini â kurgan â adlÄ± neheng kabirlerde gÃ¶merlerdi. Kurganlar tepe gibi yapÄ±lmÄ±Å bÃ¼yÃ¼k kabirler olmuÅtur. Kurgan sÃ¶zÃ¼ ise â tepe kimi kabir â manasÄ±na gelmektedir. Bu terimin baÅka bir varyantÄ± ise Azerbaycan eyaletinin Zencan kentinde hala kullanÄ±lmaktadÄ±r. Bu vilayette yaÅayan TÃ¼rkler gÃ¶mmeye â korlamak â denilir.Bizce Kurgan sÃ¶zÃ¼ ile â korlamak â kelimesi aynÄ± kÃ¶ktendirler . Åimdilik Arkeoloji kazÄ±ntÄ±lar Azerbaycanâda bu eski geleneÄin sÃ¼rekliliÄin aÃ§Ä±kÃ§a gÃ¶stermektedir. 1930lerde Ä°ranâÄ±n Huzistan adlÄ± eyaletinde eski Elam Proto TÃ¼rklerin yaÅadÄ±ÄÄ± Behbahan kentinde bir baraj inÅasÄ± esnasÄ±nda bÃ¼yÃ¼k bir mezarlÄ±klar bulundu .MezarÄ±n iÃ§inde metal aletler , kap- kacaklar ve mezar sahibinin Ã¶lÃ¼m sonrasÄ± dÃ¼nyada kullanabileceÄi eÅyalar bulundu. 1982lerde arkeoloji kazÄ±ntÄ±lar aynÄ± bÃ¶lgede devam ederken , TÃ¼rk medeniyetinin ayrÄ±lmaz parÃ§asÄ± olan , kurgan medeniyeti ile ilgili yeni buluntular bulundu. Bu bÃ¶lgede araÅtÄ±rmalar hala da devam etmektedir .
Azerbaycanâda Kurgan medeniyeti milattan Ã¶nce 3-4. asÄ±rlardan baÅlamÄ±ÅtÄ±r. Bu devirlerde Azerbaycanâda Proto TÃ¼rkler yaÅamaktaydÄ±lar. Azerbaycan efsanelerine gÃ¶re â kurgan â medeniyeti âOÄuz Hakanâla ilgilidir. OÄuz hakan bir Ã§ok Ã¼lkeyi fetih ettikten sonra yÃ¼ksek tepeler yapmayÄ± emredermiÅ . Burhani GatÄ±-i adlÄ± kitabÄ±n yazarÄ± Tebrizli Muhammed HÃ¼seyin Halefâin yazdÄ±ÄÄ±na gÃ¶re Azerbaycan adÄ± bu yÃ¼ksek tepelerden gelmektedir. ÃÃ¼nkÃ¼ eski TÃ¼rkÃ§eâde âAzerâ sÃ¶zÃ¼ yÃ¼ksek yer demektir. Biz bu sÃ¶zÃ¼ aynÄ± anlamda DivanÄ± LuÄatu t TÃ¼rk kitabÄ±nda da gÃ¶rÃ¼yoruz. . Bir diÄer ilginÃ§ nokta da Åudur ki hala Ukraynaâda bulunan eski TÃ¼rk kurganlarÄ±na âOÄuzâ denilmektedir .BirÃ§ok Azerbaycan bÃ¶lgelerinde ise bu tarz kurganlara âOÄuz Kabirleriâ denilir .
TarihÃ§i Herodot kendi kitabÄ±nda TÃ¼rk medeniyeti ile ilgili birÃ§ok bilgi vermiÅtir. O , kurganlarÄ± bÃ¶yle anlatÄ±yor : HakanlarÄ±n kabirleri dÃ¶rtgen ve Ã§ok bÃ¼yÃ¼k kazÄ±lardÄ±râ¦ bu Ã¶zel mezarlar Hakanlar iÃ§in yapÄ±lmÄ±Å Ã¶zel mezarlÄ±klarda yapÄ±lÄ±r. Onlar Ã¶lÃ¼nÃ¼ kabre koyup , dÃ¶rt kÃ¶Åesine uzun sÃ¼ngÃ¼ler takarlar. Ãzerine ise bÃ¼yÃ¼k tahta parÃ§alarÄ± koyarlar. Kabirlerin iÃ§ine ise birÃ§ok hizmetÃ§iyi Ã¶ldÃ¼rÃ¼p bÄ±rakÄ±rlar. Sonra ise kabrin Ã¼zerine toprak dÃ¶kerler. Her dÃ¶nemin TÃ¼rkleri kendi hakanÄ±nÄ±n kabrinin yÃ¼ksek olmasÄ± iÃ§in Ã§alÄ±ÅÄ±rlar . Biz bu yÃ¼ksek kurganlarÄ± MÄ±sÄ±rda yapÄ±lmÄ±Å olan piramitlerle karÅÄ±laÅtÄ±rabiliriz.
YakÄ±n Ã§aÄlara geldikÃ§e TÃ¼rklerin Kurgan medeniyeti daha detaylÄ± Åekilde incelenmiÅtir. Ãrnek olarak OÄuz TÃ¼rkleri Ã¶lÃ¼nÃ¼ odaya benzer bir mezara koyup eline aÄaÃ§tan yapÄ±lmÄ±Å bardak verirlermiÅ. BardaÄÄ±n iÃ§ine ise kÄ±mÄ±z , Ã¶lÃ¼nÃ¼n Ã¶n tarafÄ±na daha bÃ¼yÃ¼k bir tabuta ise iÃ§ki koyarmÄ±Ålar. Biz aynÄ± geleneÄe doÄu TÃ¼rkistanâda bulunan Balballarda da rastlayabiliyoruz.
DÃ¶rtgen biÃ§imli kurganlar daha sonra TÃ¼rklerin obalarÄ±na benzer kubbe Åekline dÃ¶nÃ¼ÅÃ¼yor. ÃaÄdaÅ TÃ¼rkmenler buna benzer kubbelere âyozikaâ derler . Plit Noaâya gÃ¶re PeÃ§enekler Ã¶lÃ¼lerini aÄaÃ§tan yapÄ±lmÄ±Å tabuta koyarak Ã¶lÃ¼nÃ¼n yÃ¼zÃ¼nÃ¼ batÄ± tarafa Ã§evirirmiÅler. Sonra kabrin Ã¼zerine ufak bir tepe yaparmÄ±Ålar.
BaÅka bir geleneÄe gÃ¶re TÃ¼rkler kabirlerin Ã¼stÃ¼ne Balbal denilen taÅtan yapÄ±lmÄ±Å heykel koyarmÄ±Ålar. Bu heykellerin sayÄ± ÅahsÄ±n hayatta iken Ã¶ldÃ¼rdÃ¼ÄÃ¼ dÃ¼Åman sayÄ±nÄ± gÃ¶steriyordu. Balbal koyma geleneÄine GÃ¶k TÃ¼rklerde de rastlanÄ±lmaktadÄ±r. Huartâa gÃ¶re bu balballar Ã¶lenlerin ruhunu geÃ§ici olarak yaÅamda olan insanlarÄ±n arasÄ±nda kaldÄ±ÄÄ± inancÄ±ndan kaynaklanmaktadÄ±r. Yine Huartâa gÃ¶re balbal koyma geleneÄi KÄ±pÃ§ak TÃ¼rklerinde de 13. asra kadar devam etmiÅtir.KÄ±pÃ§aklarda balballarÄ±n yÃ¼zÃ¼ gÃ¼n doÄan tarafa koyulurdu . Rus kaynaklarÄ±nda Balballara âkamnaya babaâ denir , bu ifade âtaÅ olmuÅ ecdatâ anlamÄ±na gelmektedir. BalballarÄ±n konduÄu yer TÃ¼rklerin tapÄ±nak yeri sayÄ±lÄ±yordu.
12. asÄ±r Azerbaycan Åairi Genceli Nizami Azerbaycan KÄ±pÃ§aklarÄ±nÄ±n balballar Ã¶nÃ¼nden geÃ§erken saygÄ± gÃ¶sterdiklerini aÃ§Ä±kÃ§a yazÄ±yor : âgeÃ§enler saygÄ± gÃ¶stermek iÃ§in atlÄ± olursa bir ok , Ã§oban olursa bir koyun bÄ±rakÄ±p geÃ§erlerâ . Bu geleneklere Åamanizmâe inanan Tukiyularâda da rastlanmaktadÄ±r. OÄuz TÃ¼rkleri de yuÄ (yas) merasimi iÃ§in kurban edilen atÄ±n baÅÄ±nÄ± ayaklarÄ±nÄ± bir de gÃ¶nÃ¼nÃ¼ (derisini) uzun aÄaÃ§lara takÄ±p kurgan Ã¼stÃ¼ne koyarlarmÄ±Å. Ancak PeÃ§enekler bunlarÄ± kabrin Ã¼stÃ¼ne deÄil Ã¶lenle birlikte gÃ¶merler. BazÄ± seyyahlarÄ±n yazdÄ±klarÄ±na gÃ¶re TÃ¼rkler kabirlerin Ã¼stÃ¼ne direklere geÃ§irilmiÅ gÃ¶n bÄ±rakÄ±rlar. William adlÄ± seyyah Kara deniz yakÄ±nlarÄ±ndaki ovalarda bir kabir Ã¼stÃ¼ne asÄ±lmÄ±Å 11 at gÃ¶nÃ¼ olduÄunu kaydetmiÅtir . Balbal geleneÄi Azerbaycanâda insan heykeli Åeklinde deÄil yiÄitlik anlamÄ± taÅÄ±yan aslan ve koÃ§ heykeline dÃ¶nmÃ¼ÅtÃ¼r. Bazen de mezar taÅlarÄ± Ã¼zerine Ã¶len insanÄ±n mesleÄi ile ilgili resimler kazÄ±lÄ±r. Eski aÅÄ±klarÄ±mÄ±zÄ±n mezar taÅlarÄ± Ã¼zerinde onlarÄ±n Åekli ile kazÄ±nmÄ±Å saz resmi gÃ¶rÃ¼nmektedir. Biz bu mezar taÅlarÄ±na Salmas , Urmiye ve KarabaÄ bÃ¶lgesinde rastlayabiliriz. Åu anda Iran TÃ¼rkmenlerinin GelidaÄ ve Nakhurli(NahÄ±rlÄ±) mezarlÄ±klarÄ±nda bulunan mezarlarÄ±n Ã¼zerinde aÄaÃ§tan yontulmuÅ kuÅ kanadÄ±na rastlamak mÃ¼mkÃ¼ndÃ¼r. Halid Nebi kabristanlÄ±klarÄ±nda taÅtan yontulmuÅ iki buÃ§uk metreden fazla sÃ¼tunlar bulunmaktadÄ±r.
Bu gibi sÃ¼tunlara AzerbaycanâÄ±n Tebriz (Piri Åirvan), Tufargan (Badamyar mezarlÄ±ÄÄ±nda) , Urmiye (Bent kÃ¶yÃ¼nde) ve Åeki (YukarÄ± BaÅ eski mezarlÄ±ÄÄ±nda) Åehirlerinde rastlanÄ±lmaktadÄ±r.
Urmiyeânin Bent kÃ¶yÃ¼nde OsmanlÄ± Åehitlerinin bir kabristanlÄ±ÄÄ± bulunmaktadÄ±r . Azerbaycan halkÄ± 1918 de Ermeniler tarafÄ±ndan halkÄ±mÄ±zÄ± soykÄ±rÄ±mdan kurtarmak iÃ§in bÃ¶lgeye gelip de Azerbaycan yolunda Åehit olmuÅ OsmanlÄ± askerlerinin mezarÄ± Ã¼zerine 2 metre yÃ¼ksekliÄinde taÅlar dikmiÅler. Demek ki unutulmaz kurgan geleneÄimiz 20. asÄ±rlarÄ±n baÅlarÄ±na kadar halkÄ±mÄ±zÄ±n iÃ§inde yaÅam mÃ¼cadelesi vermekteydi
|NASA sees Tropical Depression Rai over Thailand, Vietnam, Laos|
After Tropical Depression 19W moved ashore in central Vietnam NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the system and found some powerful thunderstorms over Thailand, Vietnam and Laos capable of dropping heavy rainfall.
|RFMP e VTRPE|
Tornando alla primissima volta, in cui sentii parlare di scie chimiche in vita mia, incappai in una raccolta di brevi video prodotti da Tankerenemy. In uno di questi
la voce narrante, spiegava che esistevano dei programmi informatici militari che consentivano di monitorare il campo di battaglia in configurazione tridimensionale. Siccome, il radar che dovrebbe sviluppare le immagini, funziona solo sopra lâacqua ma non sulla terra, verrebbe sparso del bario in atmosfera, per creare un condotto (âductâ) per il segnale radar, cosÃ¬ da poter monitorare il terreno.
Sempre sul progetto RFMP VTRPE, lo stesso autore pubblica anche un altro video
Dove ripete bene o male i concetti sopra esposti, ma relegando ai satelliti la capacitÃ di prelevare immagini dellâarea, congiungendole a quelle riprese dai mezzi in volo.
E di recente ha pubblicato un articolo su Edward Teller dove ritorna (velocissimamente) sulla questione.
1 â Lo scoop non Ã¨ suo
Tanto per cambiare, tutta la faccenda, non Ã¨ frutto di una ricerca indipendente reale (ovvero spulciare tra gli archivi e fare sperimentazioni di verifica), ma di una copiatura dal sito di Carnicom (da dove provengono parecchie cose dei âprimi tempiâ della bufala âscie chimicheâ).
2 â Sono modelli matematici.
R.F.M.P. ovvero Radio Frequency Mission Planner (cioÃ¨ pianificatore delle radio frequenze per la missione) Ã¨ un tool software che aiuta a pianificare come gestire le radio frequenze.
Eâ talmente segreto, che câÃ¨ un tutorial sul web su come usarlo.
Il V.T.R.P.E. (quando non lo scrivono invertendo le lettere ...) Ã¨ invece un modello matematico che Ã¨ alla base del tool RFMP. Serve per descrivere la propagazione delle onde radio. Sta per Variable Terrain Radio Parabolic Equation, ed Ã¨ appunto un modello matematico molto preciso della propagazione radio che tiene conto di un sacco di fattori.
Altrettanto segreto, qui http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a323189.pdf lo studio sull'affidabilitÃ .
Qui http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a248112.pdf il MANUALE UTENTE!!!
3 â Le informazioni del terreno
Le informazioni del terreno, non sono lette dai satelliti durante la battaglia, o fornite dalle immagini degli elicotteri di supporto, ma fanno giÃ parte del software, come confermato anche in âMODERN HF MISSION PLANNING COMBINING PROPAGATION MODELING AND REAL-TIME
ENVIRONMENT MONITORINGâ di D. Brant, G.K. Lott, S.E. Paluszek, BE. Skimmons, a pag. 333 dove dice: âThe user opens a map window of the operating area. Selections include Digital Chart of the World, World Database III, and other chart Productsâ che tradotto vuol dire âLâutente apre una finestra mappa dellâarea operative. La selezione include Digital Chart of the World, World Database III e altri prodotti di cartografiaâ
Alla fine il tool software, mostra sÃ¬ una vista in 3D, colorata a seconda della propagazione del segnale. E serve appunto per valutare come funzioneranno le comunicazioni radio (si evince dal colore calcolato dal modello matematico) e di conseguenza anche le funzionalitÃ del radar, a seconda del terreno e in particolari condizioni meteo.
4 â Il âcondottoâ (âductâ)
Il fatto che si debba creare un condotto in atmosfera Ã¨ puro misunderstanding. Lâeffetto condotto, Ã¨ una anomala propagazione del segnale radio, dovuto ad un effetto di rifrazione per via della densitÃ piÃ¹ grande del normale, del tratto di atmosfera attraversata. Le due immagini che vengono sempre mostrate (una senza lâeffetto condotto e lâaltra con..) servono in realtÃ a indicare che il software Ã¨ in grado di simulare anche quel particolare effetto, fondamentale per capire se le comunicazioni avranno successo oppure no.
Qui http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a248112.pdf a pag. 27, lâesempio del VTRPE col calcolo dellâeffetto condotto.
Qui http://www.crh.noaa.gov/Image/ind/APDopplerRadarCuriosities.pdf alla terza pagina, la spiegazione dellâeffetto condotto, con esempi.
5 â Bario?
Non câÃ¨ nessuna indicazione, nÃ© nei paper relativi al RFMP, nÃ© in quelli relativi al VTRPE, dellâimpiego di bario per il loro utilizzo.
Posso solo immaginare che, dato che una tempesta o le nuvole, portino all'effetto condotto, e quindi a una anomalia del radar, qualcuno abbia collegato uno dei tanti millantanti falsi (ed errati) brevetti per il quali il bario renderebbe asciutta lâatmosfera e quindi il radar ci vedrebbe meglio.
Inoltre Tankerenemy differisce nell'errore da Carnicom. Secondo il primo, sarebbe il particolato di bario, che essendo elettro-conduttivo (??) creerebbe il canale (errata concezione di duct, ovvero condotto) per la trasmissione radio. Secondo Carnicom, il bario impedirebbe alle nubi di piovere, e rimanendo in aria piegherebbero le onde radio, creando un effetto condotto, che permetterebbe di oltrepassare lâorizzonte.
6 â Facciamo ancora piÃ¹ confusione
Nell'articolo su Edward Teller, ad un certo punto, lâautore afferma:
" Il progetto dellâaeronautica militare V.R.T.P. e quello della Marina R.F.M.P. (V.T.R.P.E.) includono lâimpiego di particolato metallico composto da fibre dallâalluminio (chaff) ( Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in 2025).â
A parte che in Owning the Weather in 2025, non si parla MAI di VTRPE o di RFMP. E lâunica volta in cui si parla di usare chaff per modificare il tempo atmosferico, Ã¨ per mitigare i fulmini e non ha nulla a che vedere coi due progetti in questione.
(Oltretutto Ownin the weather non fa nemmeno DIRETTO riferimento allâuso di chaff, ma a pag. 19, quando parla di âtriggering lightningâ fa riferimto al paper Heinz W. Kasemir, âLightning Suppression by Chaff Seeding and Triggered Lightning,â in Wilmot
N. Hess, ed., Weather and Climate Modification (New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1974), 623â628.)
7 â Il filmato preso da Red Flag
Nel secondo filmato, proposto all'inizio dellâarticolo, per concludere Ã¨ divertente notare che Ã¨ stato mescolato un video di unâesercitazione militare, che nulla ha a che vedere coi progetto RFMP e VTRPE, con la voce e le scritte aggiunte da Tankerenemy
Inoltre, se si ascoltano le parole in sottofondo, in inglese, si sente chiaramente che si tratta di una simulazione di guerra su larga scala, che gli awcas (gli aerei col radar a disco sopra) forniscono supporto tattico ma controllano anche la missione (piÃ¹ tardi lâistruttore criticherÃ un pilota per una quasi collisione) e al minuto 00:41 si sente la frase âEach aircraft broadcasts real-time telemetry that appears as three-dimensional imagery onboard the Awcasâ, che tradotta Ã¨ âOgni aeromobile trasmette telemetria in tempo reale che appare come immagine tridimensionale a bordo dellâawcasâ
Ovvero la situazione dei rispettivi aerei Ã¨ trasmessa dagli aerei stessi al sistema di supporto dellâawcas. Per il monitoraggio del campo da battaglia, anche nel video non viene menzionato nÃ© RFMP nÃ© VTRPE.
E se si finisce di ascoltare lâoriginale voce in inglese sotto (cercando di non sentire la voce italiana aggiunta dopo) si nota che non vengono mai menzionati bario, alluminio, chaff o composti igroscopici.
Mi stupisco ancora di quanta fuffa ci sia all'origine di tutta la vicenda.
|Charles Chaplin||Charles Chaplin naciÃ³ en Londres, pero a muy temprana edad emigrÃ³ a Estados Unidos junto con su hermano. Hijo de artista, siempre deseÃ³ trabajar en el mundo del espectÃ¡culo. Cuando lo logrÃ³, obtuvo un gran Ã©xito, especialmente con su interpretaciÃ³n del personaje cÃ³mico de cine mudo mÃ¡s famoso de la historia: Charlot.|
Ataviado con bombÃn, inquieto bastÃ³n y enormes zapatos, Charlot protagoniza divertidas y emotivas peripecias en las pelÃculas mudas de la primera Ã©poca del cine.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said Wednesday that chances are higher for an above-normal hurricane season in the Atlantic, and it could become the most active since 2010.
|NOSTALGIILE CUVINTELOR (32) de GABRIELA MIMI BOROIANU||Nostalgiile cuvintelor (32) de Gabriela Mimi Boroianu 11.05.2017 jumÄtate zi jumÄtate noapte la mijloc primÄvara Ã®ntre ochiul care rÃ¢de Èi cel care plÃ¢nge Ã®ntodeauna stÄ cuvÃ¢ntul am trecut ÈanÈul sÄ prind rÄsÄritul erai deja acolo numÄrÃ¢nd anii jumÄtate tu jumÄtate eu timpul nu se Ã®mparte la doi nici iubirea viermele invidiei muÈcase mÄrul cunoaÈterii cineva agÄÈase o pÃ¢nzÄ neagrÄ Ã®n gard semn cÄ Dumnezeu adormise nimeni nu pÄrea cÄ ascultÄ vÃ¢ntul trecea prin ulucile albite spre suflete pustii aprinsesem focul doi greierii Ã®mi cÃ¢ntau Ã®n ureche jumatate ieri jumÄtate azi nu existÄ cale de mijloc tu cu arÄtatorul Ã®ntins acuzator niciodatÄ n-ai Ètiut ce vrei Ã®n colÈul celÄlalt al camerei uitarea Ã®Èi torcea firul jumÄtate luminÄ jumÄtate Ã®ntuneric nu scormoni jarul te vor arde buzele de dorul sÄrutului Ã®n colÈul gurii Ã®ncÄ sÃ¢ngerÄ locul unde a murit surÃ¢sul ... |
|NOSTALGIILE CUVINTELOR I de GABRIELA MIMI BOROIANU||Nostalgiile cuvintelor (1) de Gabriela Mimi Boroianu 09.03.2017 A mai trecut o zi aÈa cum trec zilele cu nostalgii cu renunÈÄri iar eu un grÄunte de nisip Ã®n clepsidra vieÈii cad aÈa Ã®n acceptare iar Èi iar aÈteptÃ¢nd cu fiecare cÄdere Ã®ntÃ¢lnirea cu ultimul zbor... pÃ¢nÄ mÄ frÃ¢ng Èi rÄmÃ¢n agÄÈatÄ ca un mÄr Ã®n copacul cunoaÈterii pe care nici o Eva nu-l culege nici un Adam nu-l acceptÄ invizibil chiar neinteresant Èi gÃ¢ndurile mele sunt Ã®n siguranÈÄ Numai dorul tÄu roade Èi roade ca un vierme Ã®n sufletul meu Ã®nchis Ã®n el ca Ã®ntr-un cocon... Èi pietrele CetÄÈii tac Èi tace Èi vÃ¢ntul ce-Èi purta vorbele numai DunÄrea Ã®Èi leagÄnÄ ofurile Ã®n doinirea valurilor Èi zilele trec sau poate eu trec prin ele sau poate doar aÈtept sÄ-mi vinÄ rÃ¢ndul sÄ-mi creascÄ aripi Ã®n piept desferecÃ¢nd o poartÄ dincolo de care tu mÄ vei aÈtepta ca un anotimp al Ã®mplinirilor ... |
|Novena a Santa Joaquina de Vedruna|
Novena a Santa Joaquina
Entre otros pedidos, se le reza para tener la bendiciÃ³n de un hijo.
Se reza la oraciÃ³n para todos los dÃas, el dÃa correspondiente que se puede o no leer el pasaje bÃblico, y la oraciÃ³n final.
OraciÃ³n para todos los dÃas, antes de comenzar:
âBendita sea la SantÃsima Trinidad que tiene misericordia con nosotros por medio de Santa Joaquinaâ¦
â¦Dios es Padre y conoce nuestros corazones, acudamos a Ãl con sinceridad y buena intenciÃ³n, y en todo nos consolarÃ¡â¦
â¦Tengamos tranquilidad y confianza que el SeÃ±or nos darÃ¡ remedio en nuestras necesidadesâ¦â
OraciÃ³n al finalizar el rezo de cada dÃa de la novena:
SeÃ±or, TÃº que has hecho surgir en la Iglesia, a Santa Joaquina de Vedruna, para la educaciÃ³n cristiana de la juventud y alivio de los enfermos, haz que nosotros/as sepamos imitar sus ejemplo, y dediquemos nuestra vida a servirte con amor en nuestros hermanos. Por Jesucristo, Nuestro SeÃ±or. AmÃ©n
Recemos: un Padrenuestro, un Ave MarÃa y tres Glorias.
Primer dÃa: Pidamos que nos ayude a descubrir y aceptar su voluntad.
Lectura BÃblica: (Lc. 1, 26-38)
Joaquina nos dice: âUnamos nuestros corazones, elevemos nuestros
espÃritus entreguemos nuestras voluntades a la SantÃsima Trinidadâ¦â
ââ¦Pongamos nuestro espÃritu en Dios y emprenderemos lo que Ãl quieraâ¦â
Por Jesucristo Nuestro SeÃ±or. AmÃ©n.
(hacer la peticiÃ³n)
Segundo dÃa: Pidamos tener confianza en Dios.
Lectura BÃblica: (Mt. 6, 24-34)
Joaquina nos dice:
ââ¦Yo estoy dispuesta a hacer todo lo que sea del agrado del
SeÃ±or y creo que Ãl me da buena salud para servirle en lo que sea su voluntad.
No dudemos, el SeÃ±or bendecirÃ¡ todoâ¦
tengamos mucha confianza, todo saldrÃ¡ bien, aun mejor de lo que se puede pensar;
en la medida que queramos hacer el bien, el SeÃ±or derramarÃ¡ sobre nosotros
su gracia para que todo vaya bienâ¦â
âÂ¡Ãnimo y confianza!, con Dios todo se puede.â
(hacer la peticiÃ³n)
Tercer dÃa: Pidamos la sanaciÃ³n del cuerpo y del alma
Lectura BÃblica: (Mt. 26, 26-28)
Joaquina nos dice:
ââ¦Todo lo que sufrimos es nada comparado con lo que padeciÃ³ JesÃºs por nosotros...
en el camino de la cruz quien la lleva es JesÃºs, Â¡vamos adelante! â¦
estoy segura que Ãl derramarÃ¡ sobre nuestros corazones las gracias y bendiciones que necesitamosâ¦â Por Jesucristo Nuestro SeÃ±or. AmÃ©n (hacer la peticiÃ³n)
Cuarto dÃa: Pidamos, nos conceda la humildad.
Lectura BÃblica: (Mc.9, 33-37)
Joaquina nos dice:
ââ¦La humildad ha de nacer del corazÃ³n...pensemos que los dones de Dios
no son para creernos mejores, sino para servir a Cristo con actitud humilde
y para no apegarnos a nada, sino al amor de Dios...â
âNo den demasiada importancia a las cosas, es decir, no tengan mucha
satisfacciÃ³n en las alabanzas, ni penas en las contrariedades.
RecÃbanlo todo de la mano de Dios con igualdad de Ã¡nimo y asÃ vivirÃ¡n en pazâ¦â
(hacer la peticiÃ³n)
Quinto dÃa: Â¡Pidamos el don de ser agradecidos.
Lectura BÃblica: (Lc. 17, 11-19).
Joaquina nos dice:
ââ¦Ocupemos nuestras potencias en ser agradecidos, que el Buen JesÃºs
nos ha hecho muchos favores particulares, que ahora no comprendemosâ¦
Dios es tan bueno que da el ciento por unaâ¦
Â¡CuÃ¡n agradecidas hemos de ser con aquel SeÃ±or que tanto
nos ama!...â (hacer la peticiÃ³n)
Sexto dÃa: Pidamos el don de la oraciÃ³n
Lectura BÃblica: (Mt. 6,6).
Joaquina nos dice:
ââ¦Haz cada dÃa un rato de oraciÃ³n porque en ese tiempo el SeÃ±or
nos da sus dones, nos habla al corazÃ³n lo que quiere que hagamos,
nos renueva y nos conforta para vivir en fidelidadâ¦â
(hacer la peticiÃ³n)
SÃ©ptimo dÃa: Pidamos fortaleza en las penas y contrariedades.
Lectura BÃblica: (Ecles. 3, 1-8)
Joaquina nos dice:
âTengamos paciencia, que el Padre de Misericordia todo la hace bien;
confiemos en su bondad.
Pon tu espÃritu en Dios y emprenderemos lo que Ãl quiera.â (hacer la peticiÃ³n)
Octavo dÃa: Pidamos la perseverancia en el estilo de vida elegido.
Lectura BÃblica: (Salmo 22)
Joaquina nos dice:
ââ¦Eres padre de familia, y pesan sobre ti serias obligaciones...
pido al SeÃ±or te ilumine para que entiendas y cumplas como Dios mandaâ¦
que los sentimientos buenos que me ha dado a mÃ te los comunique a ti,
para que consciente de tu misiÃ³n de padre y con los sentimientos de un buen esposo,
se los trasmitas a tu mujer y los dos no teniendo mÃ¡s que un solo deseo,
vivan guiados por un SeÃ±or tan bueno: JesÃºs.â
ââ¦SÃ, amadas hijas, procuremos desechar de nuestros corazones todo
cuanto pueda impedir el puro amor de nuestro enamorado JesÃºs.
Ãl nos llama sin cesar, y nosotras Â¿nos haremos las sordas?...
Procuremos tener los corazones muy bien dispuestos;
que nuestra voluntad sea toda de JesÃºs, todas nuestras potencias
y sentidos sean para el SeÃ±orâ¦â (hacer la peticiÃ³n)
Noveno dÃa, elegir una de las dos oraciones, o las dos
Noveno dÃa: Pidamos la asistencia en el embarazo o la bendiciÃ³n de un hijo.
Lectura BÃblica: (Lc. 2, 22-28)
Joaquina nos dice:
ââ¦Ofrece a Dios el hijo que llevas en tu vientre; es suyo y siendo suyo, que lo haga santoâ¦â
ââ¦Ejercita el oficio de madre antes de dar a luzâ¦â
ââ¦En quien hemos de confiar, despuÃ©s de haber puesto todos los medios humanos, es en Diosâ¦â
(hacer la peticiÃ³n)
Noveno dÃa: Pidamos nos ayude a crecer en la fe y el amor.
Lectura BÃblica: (Lc. 5, 38-48)
Joaquina nos dice:
ââ¦Hemos de trabajar mucho por nuestros hermanos,
porque asÃ lo quiere el SeÃ±or...
â¦Pongamos nuestro espÃritu en Dios, quien todo lo puede y
emprenderemos lo que Ãl quiera. El EspÃritu de Jesucristo no quiere sino,
practicar la Caridad, la Humildad, y vivir en Pobreza.
AsÃ pues, no temamos, todo nos sobrarÃ¡â¦â(hacer la peticiÃ³n)
|The New NOAA Ocean Podcast||The Making Waves podcast has retired, but have no fear! We combined our Making Waves, Ocean Shorts, and Diving Deeper pods into one NEW podcast called NOAA Ocean. Subscribe in your favorite podcatcher so you never miss an episode. Just search for "NOAA Ocean." If you are looking for an older Making Waves episode, head to oceanservice.noaa.gov/podcast to view our archive.|
|ANNOUNCEMENT: New NOAA Ocean Podcast||The Making Waves podcast has retired, but have no fear! We combined our Making Waves, Ocean Shorts, and Diving Deeper podcasts into one NEW podcast called NOAA Ocean. Subscribe to the new podcast in your favorite podcatcher so you never miss an episode. Just search for "NOAA Ocean." If you are looking for an older Making Waves episode, head to oceanservice.noaa.gov/podcast to view our archive.|
|Listen up: What you need to know about ocean noise. (Episode 138)|
What is ocean noise and what is NOAA doing to reduce this threat in our national marine sanctuaries? Many marine organisms, including marine mammals, sea turtles, fish and invertebrates, rely on sound and hearing for their survival. Over the last century, increases in human activity within our ocean have led to increasing levels of noise. This increasing amount of noise from human sources is a rising concern for the health and well-being of marine organisms and ecosystems. In this episode, we talk with NOAA marine ecologist Dr. Leila Hatch about her work to better understand the ocean soundscape by developing programs that can establish baselines, detect changes in noise levels, and support the design of methods to reduce noise impacts.
|Charting New Waters: Video|
Boaters rely on NOAA's nautical charts for depth measurements so they don't accidentally ground on sandbars or other underwater obstructions. Take three minutes out of your day to hear Captain Shepard Smith of the NOAA Ship Thomas Jefferson discuss how nautical charts are updatedâand how NOAA is using promising new technology (ocean robots!) that will add shallow depths to nautical charts.
|Alaska: Marine Debris in the Wilderness (Episode 134)|
Alaskaâthe largest and most remote state in the United Statesâis filled with wilderness and beauty, and unfortunately with marine debris. With a longer coastline than all the other U.S. states combined, Alaska finds itself with the greatest concentration of marine debris in our country. In this episode, we learn just how challenging the issue of marine debris can be in the vast wilderness of this state, how the NOAA Marine Debris program is working to solve this problem, and how the key to beating this issue is in the innovation and ingenuity of the community working to address it.
|Data Makes a Difference (Episode 133)|
Take a virtual journey to Penobscot Bay, Maine, to see how harbor pilots use U.S. Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOSÂ®) data for real-time ocean and weather conditions. This information is critical for safe navigation as pilots carefully move tankers and other vessels often carrying dangerous cargo safely in and out of port. IOOS coastal and marine data (e.g., water temperature, water level, currents, winds, and waves) are collected by many different tools including satellites, buoys, tide gauges, radar stations, and underwater vehicles. Most of the data collected are streamed online and viewable on digital maps for easy access.
|World Ocean Day (Special Feature)|
What do you know about our ocean? We bet you'll learn something new in this short video.
|Trash Talk (Special Feature)|
Ocean Today is premiering this 15-minute TRASH TALK special feature for World Ocean Day. It is specially designed to be part of your World Ocean Day festivities and beyond. In addition to the video, we have a pre-recorded 10-minute webinar for educators that provides fun activities that you can organize after the film! A perfect event for museums, zoos, aquariums, learning centers and schools. Enjoy!
Please note that this movie is a large file (260 MB).
|Shipwreck Detectives (Episode 129)|
A NOAA "shipwreck detective" talks about a two-year study to locate and document shipwrecks in Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary and the surrounding area.Episode permanent link and show notes
|Measuring Water Levels with Microwaves (Episode 128)|
In this episode, we visit a research station perched at the end of a long pier in Duck, North Carolina, to get a close-up look at the microwave radar water level sensor--a revolutionary step forward in how NOAA measures water levels around the nation.Episode permanent link and show notes
|Arctic Shield (Episode 127)||As sea ice continues to shrink in the Arctic, weâre likely to see more shipping, more oil exploration, more tourism, and more fishing. And all of this activity means that in the future, weâll probably going have to deal with an oil spill in this remote region. So how do we prepare for that? The Coast Guard cutter Healy, a 420-foot-long icebreaker, is now heading north in answer to this question. The mission: an annual exercise called Arctic Shield led by the U.S. Coast Guardâs Research and Development Center. Onboard the Healy, scientists are gearing up to deal with a simulated oil spill in the icy Arctic. To tell us all about Arctic Shield and NOAAâs role in this expedition, we talk to Zachary Winters-Staszak, a spatial data specialist on the mission from the National Ocean Serviceâs Response and Restoration office. |
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Great Pacific Garbage Patch (Episode 126)||The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is one of many areas in the ocean where marine debris naturally concentrates because of ocean currents. In this episode, an expert from the NOAA Marine Debris Program explains what a garbage patch is and isn't, what we know and don't know, and what we can do about this ocean-sized problem.|
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Storm Surge (Episode 125)|| This is Making Waves from NOAA's National Ocean Service. Hurricane season runs from June 1 - November 30. You know that powerful winds are destructive and can be deadly during a hurricane. But did you know that the greatest threat to life actually comes from the water â in the form of storm surge. See for yourself with this video from NOAA's Ocean Today.|
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Coastal Blue Carbon (Episode 124)||Coastal Blue Carbon. Heard of it? A NOAA environmental scientist explains how certain small coastal areas play an outsized role in reducing climate change.|
Episode permanent link and show notes
|The Exxon Valdez, 25 Years Later (Episode 122)||Prior to the Deepwater Horizon spill in the Gulf of Mexico, the Exxon Valdez was the largest spill to ever occur in U.S. coastal waters. In this episode, we talk with NOAA marine biologist Gary Shigenaka to find out how marine life is faring today in Prince William Sound, Alaska. We also look at lessons we might learn from this environmental disaster in light of growing oil exploration and shipping traffic in the Arctic.|
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Underwater but Unforgotten (Episode 120)||In this video episode: two Civil War-era sailors lost over 150 years ago aboard the U.S.S. Monitor are laid to rest. Don't miss this moving three-minute video brought to you by NOAA's Ocean Today.|
Episode permanent link and show notes
|'Hooked on Sharks' from NOAA Fisheries (Episode 119)||It's Shark Week! Tune in to hear 'Hooked on Sharks,' the latest episode of 'On the Line,' a new podcast from our colleagues at NOAA Fisheries. 'On the Line' features interviews with NOAA scientists who study fish, marine mammals, and other ocean life. In 'Hooked on Sharks,' we hear about a research project to see if a special type of hook can help vulnerable populations of sharks to survive.
Episode permanent link and show notes
|The Social Side of Coral Reefs (Episode 118)||Coral reefs are under intense pressure from climate change, pollution, and unsustainable use. So what can we do about it? To answer that question, we need to better understand the main threat to our reefs. Humans. Join us for a discussion about the social side of protecting coral reefs with scientist Peter Edwards from NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program.
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Hurricane Survival (Episode 116)||It's hurricane season. Are you prepared? Find out with this video from NOAA's Ocean Today .
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Ocean Acidification (Episode 114)||In this video podcast, learn what ocean acidification is, how it's affecting marine life, and how NOAA tools are helping people monitor and adapt to changes in ocean chemistry.
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Shrinking Sea Ice (Episode 111)||In this episode, watch the first installment of a new three-part video series from NOAA's Ocean Today about the role of ice in our ocean. What is sea ice and why is it shrinking?
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Ocean Today Video: Whale Sense (Episode 107)||NOAA's Ocean Today just launched its 100th video! In this episode, we highlight this achievement and showcase the latest video from Ocean Today about an effort to promote safe and responsible whale watching. (3:32 minutes)
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Ocean Today Video: Coral Forests of the Deep (Episode 106)||NOAA and independent scientists recently discovered rocky reef habitats in an area of NOAA's Gulf of the Farallones National Marine Sanctuary at depths reaching 457 meters metersâplaces where corals and sponges had not been seen before. Did you know that corals, sponges, and countless other creatures thrive in the deep oceanâin places where sunlight doesn't reach? In this episode, learn more about the fascinating world of deep sea coral habitats in 'Coral Forests of the Deep,' a video from NOAA's Ocean Today. (3:31 minutes)|
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Marine Sanctuaries 40th Anniversary (Episode 104)||This month marks the 40th anniversary of the signing of the National Marine Sanctuaries Act, which created our nation's national marine sanctuary system. What are sanctuaries? How do these special areas help to protect and conserve our ocean? We have a NOAA Ocean Today video for you in this episode to put this milestone in perspective. (4:49 minutes)|
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Ocean Today Video: Fuel for the Storm (Episode 103)||We've all heard that hurricanes are one of the most powerful and destructive forces on Earth. But where do they get their strength? Youâll find the answer on this episode of Making Waves. Tune in to watch a brand new video from NOAAâs Ocean Today called 'Fuel for the Storm.' (3:31 minutes)|
Episode permanent link and show notes
|Ocean Today Video: Marine Protected Areas (Episode 101)||Take three minutes out of your day to watch a video from NOAA's Ocean Today about marine protected areas in North America. Episode permanent link and show notes|
|Positioning America for the Future (Episode 100)||How much do you know about NOAAâs navigation services? In this episode, Dr. Holly Bamford, National Ocean Service Deputy Assistant Administrator, talks about âpositioning America for the future,â an effort to focus NOS navigation services on upcoming challenges as coastal populations grow, sea levels rise, maritime commerce increases, and new navigation routes open up in the Arctic. Episode permanent link and show notes|
|Hurricane Response (Episode 98)||Itâs the end of May -- and that means itâs not only the start of the summer season, itâs the beginning of hurricane season. Most people know that NOAAâs National Weather Service plays a huge role when hurricanes threaten our coasts, but what role does NOAAâs National Ocean Service play? Find out in this episode -- and learn about some of the online tools and information that you can use before, during, and after hurricanes strike. Episode permanent link and show notes|
|Ocean Today Video: Black Carbon (Episode 97)||Making Waves Ocean Today video|
Take three minutes out of your day to watch a video from NOAA's Ocean Today. In this episode, learn about the effect of black carbon -- better known as soot -- on Arctic climate. Episode permanent link and show notes
|Ocean Today Video (Episode 92)||Making Waves Ocean Today video|
Join us as we kick off a new ocassional series to highlight some of the great videos available on NOAA's Ocean Today website. In this episode, we showcase a fantastic video about exploring the deep ocean.Episode permanent link and show notes
|Restoring San Francisco Bay (Episode 91)||Join us for a talk with two NOAA experts about a multi-year effort to restore the environment in the aftermath of an oil spill that dumped 53,000 gallons of oil into San Francisco Bay. While we're focusing on this one spill, you'll get a good idea of how we deal as a nation with big spills wherever and whenever they occur along our coasts. Guests for this episode include Greg Baker, regional resource coordinator with NOAA's Office of Response and Restoration, and Natalie Cosentino-Manning, restoration program manager for the Southwest region of the U.S. with NOAA's Fisheries Restoration Center. Episode permanent link and show notes|
|Japanese Tsunami Marine Debris (Episode 88)||The powerful Japanese earthquake and resulting tsunami in March, 2011, washed untold tons of marine debris into the Pacific Ocean. Carey Morishige, Pacific Islands Regional Coordinator for the NOAA Marine Debris Program, explains where this debris may be, where it's heading, what's being done about it, and what you can do to help.|
|New Red Tide Research (Episode 87)||NOAA is providing grants totaling over $1.6 million dollars to create seasonal and weekly toxic algal bloom forecasts that are more accurate and provide better early warning of toxic blooms in the Gulf of Maine. |
|The value of Hawaii's Coral Reefs (Episode 86)||A peer-reviewed study commissioned by NOAA shows the American people assign an estimated total economic value of $33.57 billion for the coral reefs of the main Hawaiian Islands.|
|Building a Better Geoid (Episode 85)||Figuring out the exact location of a point on the Earth's surface in three dimensions is what the science of geodesy is all about. Thanks to the network of satellites in space known as the Global Positioning System, we can determine latitude and longitude with great accuracy. Heights, however, are a trickier business to nail down.|
In this episode, we talk with NOAA Chief Geodesist Dru Smith to learn how scientists are using measurements of gravity to refine a complex mathematical model of the Earth's shape known as the geoid. Once the new model is deployed, the hope is that we'll be able to use GPS receivers to figure out our current elevation in most places across the nation within an accuracy of two centimeters or less.
|Arctic Sea Inventory; Whale of a Partnership (Episode 83)||Join us this week for two stories and an Ocean Fact:
Arctic Sea Floor Inventory. NOAA scientists are collecting environmental data off the coast of Alaska in the Chukchi Sea to get a clear picture of this underwater ecosystem before any offshore development begins.
A Whale of a Partnership. NOAA, French sanctuaries join forces to protect endangered humpback whales along their annual migration route.
Ocean Fact. Where is the largest protected area in NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary system?
|Surveying the Arctic (Episode 81)||The NOAA Ship Fairweather is surveying remote areas of the Arctic in places where ocean depths havenât been measured since 1867. We talk with the NOAA Corps Capt. David Neander, commander of the vessel, about the current expedition in Alaska and NOAA's broader efforts to map sparsely charted regions of the Arctic Ocean. |
|NOS Assists with Oil Spill; New El Nino Study; Ocean Fact (Episode 80)||In this episode: |
NOS Responds to Yellowstone River Oil Spill. NOS is on hand to assist with last month's oil spill on the Yellowstone River in Montana.
NOAA Study May Help East Coast Prepare for El Nino Years. Coastal communities along the U.S. East Coast may be at risk of higher sea levels accompanied by more destructive storm surges during future El Nino years, according to a new NOAA study published in the Monthly Weather Review, a journal of the American Meteorological Society (AMS).
NOS Ocean Fact. What does peanut butter have to do with the ocean?
|Human Health and Climate Change (Episode 79)||Climate Change and Harmful Algal Blooms. In a recent study, researchers from NOAA's West Coast Center for Oceans and Human Health used cutting-edge technologies to model future ocean and weather patterns. |
Atmospheric Dust and the Ocean Environment. In a recent NOAA-funded study, University of Georgia and U.S. Geological Survey researchers considered how global desertification and the resulting increase in atmospheric dust based on some climate-change scenarios could fuel the presence of harmful bacteria in the ocean and seafood.
|Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone and Red Tide News (Episode 77)||In this episode:|
Major Flooding on the Mississippi River Predicted to Cause Largest Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone Ever Recorded. The Gulf of Mexico's hypoxic zone is predicted to be the largest ever recorded due to extreme flooding of the Mississippi River this spring, according to an annual forecast by a team of NOAA-supported scientists from the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, Louisiana State University and the University of Michigan.
Study Sheds Light On Red Tide Toxin. NOAA-supported researchers at Texas A&M University have determined why red tide algae in the Gulf of Mexico make toxin, a development that could prove beneficial to both human and marine life.
|World Ocean Day 2011 (Episode 76)||It's World Ocean Day! In this episode, we bring you a special video from NOAA's Ocean Today and preview a gallery of photos sent in by NOS Facebook fans and Twitter followers.|
|Marine Mammals Help Collect Ocean Info; New Marine Debris App (Episode 75)||In this episode:|
Collecting Ocean Data with Marine Mammals. Scientists are enlisting marine mammals with electronic tags to collect critical ocean data from around the nation. NOAA's Integrated Ocean Observing System is working to standardize various tagging programs so researchers can better tap into this data stream.
New Smartphone App Targets Marine Debris. With bottles, cans, abandoned or lost fishing gear, and other marine debris washing up on our shores each year, the University of Georgia and NOAA have teamed up to create a new, innovative cell phone reporting mechanism to combat the marine debris problem.
NOS Photo Contest. World Ocean Day is June 8. Help us celebrate the beauty, mystery, and importance of the ocean by submitting your best ocean photos!
|Deepwater Horizon, one year later (Episode 73)||Last year, on April 20, an explosion on the Deepwater Horizon MC252 drilling platform in the Gulf of Mexico killed eleven people and caused the rig to sink. Then, oil began leaking into the Gulf. Before the wellhead was finally capped in mid-July, almost 5 million barrels of oil were released. Today, we look back at NOAA's role in the Deepwater Horizon spill response--the months when oil was spilling into the Gulf--through the eyes of one of the first NOAA responders to the spill. We're joined by Debbie Payton, chief of the Office of Response and Restoration's Emergency Response Division. |
|Harmful Algal Bloom discovery; U.S. Caribbean News (Episode 72)||Three stories: (1) A new NOAA-funded study links algae to a harmful estrogen-like compound; (2) a new 'marine etiquette' video is launched for visitors to the U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico; (3) NOAA researchers kick off the eighth year of a mission to explore and map underwater realms of the U.S. Caribbean.|
|Human Health and Climate Change (Episode 70)||Climate Change and Harmful Algal Blooms. In a recent study, researchers from NOAA's West Coast Center for Oceans and Human Health used cutting-edge technologies to model future ocean and weather patterns. |
Atmospheric Dust and the Ocean Environment. In a recent NOAA-funded study, University of Georgia and U.S. Geological Survey researchers considered how global desertification and the resulting increase in atmospheric dust based on some climate-change scenarios could fuel the presence of harmful bacteria in the ocean and seafood.
|Marine Debris Conference; Historic 19th-Century Whaler Found; Civil War-era Map Unveiled (Episode 69)||International Marine Debris Conference. The Fifth International Marine Debris Conference is set to take place next month from March 20-25 in Honolulu, Hawaii. The event is bringing together international marine debris experts from around the world to look at marine debris from a global perspective.|
Historic 19th-Century Whaler Found. Archeologists working with the Ocean Service's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries have found wreckage of a famous 1800's Nantucket whale ship nearly six hundred miles northwest of Honolulu, within NOAA's Papahãnaumokuãkea Marine National Monument.
Civil-War Era Map Shows Mapmaking Innovations. It isn't often that a map can visually display a moral issue facing a divided nation. Nearly 150 years ago, the U.S. Coast Survey -- NOAA's predecessor organization -- achieved that landmark representation.
|Gulf of Mexico Disaster Response Center (Episode 68)||NOAA's new Gulf of Mexico Disaster Response Center (DRC) is now under construction in Mobile County, Alabama. The Center -- the first of its kind -- promises to change the way people prepare for and respond to the many hard-hitting storms, spills, and other events that too often strike this fragile region. In this episode, we talk with the acting director of the new DRC.|
|NOAA in Mobile Bay (Episode 67)||A big part of the Ocean Service's mission is about providing 'navigation services' ... things like measuring tides and currents, providing up-to-date nautical charts, and determining exact positions on sea or land. These services help keep the nation's maritime commerce humming along safely. But what else could this information be used for? Who else could use it? And what would you get if you focused all of NOAA's combined navigational tools and services to study one specific coastal area in intense detail, all at one time? In this episode, learn how NOAA's navigational services are evolving beyond navigation.|
|NOS News (Episode 66)||We have three stories for you this week: A new NOAA archive is launched on the web for the Deepwater Horizon oil spill; Texas gets a new forecast system to warn of toxic algal outbreaks along the coast; the first ocean glider to successfully cross the Atlantic goes on display at the Smithsonian Institution. |
|Educational Games (Episode 64)||Looking for something to entertain the kids while you're cooking Thanksgiving dinner this week? How about an educational game? In this episode, we revisit a 2009 interview with the National Ocean Service's education director to hear about NOAA's foray into educational games and to learn why there's a growing trend to teach kids using fun gaming experiences. We also preview what's available on NOAA's 'Planet Arcade' game portal.|
|Aquarius 2010 (Episode 62)||This week, we take an audio journey to NOAA's Aquarius Reef Base--the world's only undersea research lab. We talk with the director of the Aquarius to learn about some of the tech, science and logistics that make this one-of-a-kind underwater lab possible. Then we speak with the National Educational Coordinator from NOAA's National Marine Sanctuary Office to hear about Aquarius 2010, a 10-day research mission that just wrapped up on Aquarius Reef Base that doubled as a powerful educational outreach event.|
|NOS News Round-up (Episode 61)||We have three stories for you this week. First, we take a look at NOAA's Historical Hurricane Tracks, a website that lets anyone track and map historical tropical cyclone activity from 1851-2009. Then, we head to Canada where Office of Coast Survey officials met with other nations that share an Arctic boundary to form a new commission focused on creating better nautical charts for the region. Finally, we head out into the Pacific to point out some new ocean observing tools now available in Hawaii.|
|Hypoxia in U.S. Coastal Waters (Episode 60)||Earlier this month, a new interagency report was delivered to Congress that warns of the growing threat of low oxygen "dead zones" in coastal waters around the U.S. This condition is known as hypoxia -- where oxygen levels drop so low that creatures in the water are stressed or killed. In this episode, we hear from two of the scientists behind the report: Dr. Libby Jewett from NOAA and Herb Buxton from the US Geological Survey. They help us learn more about the extent of this problem, its causes, and how this trend might be reversed.|
|Flame Retardants in the Coastal Environment (Episode 59)||A 2009 NOAA report finds that man-made toxic chemicals used as flame retardants in consumer products are found in all U.S. coastal waters and the Great Lakes. The chemicals-Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers, or PBDEs-have generated international concern in recent years due to their global distribution and associated adverse environmental and human health effects. We talk with one of the authors of the report. [This is a rebroadcast of an episode that originally aired on April 1, 2009]|
|Lionfish, Dead Zones, and a New World Heritage Site (Episode 58)||We have three stories for you this week: A new report suggests that fishing could help control invasive lionfish in some Atlantic waters. NOAA-supported scientists find that this year's Gulf of Mexico dead zone is fifth largest on record. And Papahãnaumokuãkea Marine National Monument is designated a UN World Heritage Site.|
|NOS News Round-up (Episode 56)||We have three stories for you this week: NOAA rolls out new online game for kids about loggerhead sea turtle conservation; have your say about NOAA's new strategic plan; the next round of existing Marine Protected Areas nominated to join the national system of MPAs is up for public comment.|
|Interview with Commander of NOAA Ship Thomas Jefferson (Episode 54)||In recognition of World Hydrography Day, we have a special interview for you this week with the commander of the NOAA Ship Thomas Jefferson, currently in the Gulf of Mexico conducting research in support of the ongoing oil spill response effort.|
|What's New at NOS (Episode 52)||On the latest Making Waves: NOAA's nowCOAST goes mobile; the 20th PORTS® is dedicated in Texas; a new buoy hits the water in the Chesapeake Bay; and where to go to get the latest Gulf of Maine 'red tide' information.|
|The Hidden World of Seamounts (Episode 51)||A new report finds that seamounts -- underwater mountains formed by volcanic activity -- may collectively form one of the largest habitats on Earth, encompassing more of the planet's surface than South America. We talk with NOAA's Dr. Peter Etnoyer, lead author of the new study.|
|Live from Philadelphia Part II: NOAA Education Outreach (Episode 49)||This week, we continue our coverage of NOAA's participation in the 2010 National Science Teachers Association conference with a focus on education outreach efforts at the event.|
|Live from Philadelphia: NOAA's Exhibit Program (Episode 48)||In this episode, we spend some time at the NOAA booth at the recent National Science Teachers Association annual meeting held in Philadelphia, Penn. This huge convention was an opportunity for NOAA men and women from a variety of backgrounds and expertise to meet face to face with thousands of science teachers. This is the first half of a two-part series recorded live at the event.|
|Coasts, Corals, and Whales (Episode 47)||We've got three stories for you this week. First, we talk about a new NOAA Web site that serves up an interactive journey to highlight the need to better understand, manage, and protect our nation's coastal resources. Then we head to the Florida Keys, where cold ocean temperatures in January have caused the most significant cold-water coral die-off in 30 years. Finally, we take you to Hawaii for the annual Sanctuary Ocean Count. This annual event helps researchers learn more about endangered whale populations that travel to the islands from Alaska every year.|
|Decoding the Secret Pathologies of Dolphins (Episode 45)||This week, we take a virtual journey to the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). At the event, NOAA's Oceans and Human Health Initiative unveiled six new studies that offer insights into how diseases found in dolphins and other marine mammals are similar to humans. We talk with NOAA scientists about two of the six studies presented at the meeting. In our first story, we discuss unprecedented contaminant levels found in coastal dolphins in Georgia. Then, we look at new research that shows marine exposure to a type of toxic algae may cause epilepsy.|
|Haiti support; oil spill at Port Arthur, Texas; marine protected area news (Episode 44)||Join us for three stories this week:
* NOAA provides support for Haiti Recovery Efforts
* NOS Responds to an Oil Spill in Texas
* News About the National Marine Protected Areas System
|Salute to the Scarlet Knight (Episode 42)||Last month, an unmanned, underwater ocean glider named the Scarlet Knight completed a record-breaking 7,410 km (4,604 mile) trip from the U.S. to Europe. We talk with Zdenka Willis, director of NOAA's Integrated Ocean Observing System, about the historic mission.|
|Harmful Algal Bloom News (Episode 39)||Harmful algal blooms. They're called HABs for short. Heard of them? If you live in a coastal area or near the Great Lakes, chances are you have, but you may know them by the more popular name 'red tide.' HABs are caused by microscopic algae -- tiny plants in the ocean -- that grow out of control. As they bloom, they produce powerful toxins that kill fish and make shellfish dangerous to eat. In this episode, we take a look at three stories about how NOAA is addressing this serious problem.|
|Educational Gaming (Episode 38)||Join us for a talk with one of the key people behind 'WaterLife: Where the River Meets the Sea,' NOAA's first major foray into the world of educational gaming.|
|World Maritime Day 2009 (Episode 37)||In recognition of World Maritime Day, celebrated in the U.S. on Oct. 16, we're joined by the director of NOAA's Coast Survey to talk about nautical charts and the maritime transportation system. Want to know what nautical charts have to do with Thomas Jefferson, mine sweepers, and the stuff you buy in a big box store? Just how big are some of the ships plying our waterways these days? What effect might rising sea levels have on the future of shipping? Find out in this special edition of Making Waves.|
|Battle of the Atlantic Expedition; New Gulf Marine Sanctuary Report (Episode 35)||Battle of the Atlantic Expedition:|
NOAA leads an underwater archeology project to find World War II shipwrecks off the coast of North Carolina.
New Gulf Marine Sanctuary Report:
A new report finds that the coral reefs in Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary are doing quite well, but are at risk of future threats.
|High-Water Mystery; nowCOAST; Wetlands Restoration (Episode 34)||A High Tide Mystery off the Atlantic Coast:|
NOAA's Tides and Currents office is investigating the causes behind an unusually high tide in June that stretched from Maine to Florida.
An online interactive map from NOAA's Office of Coast Survey provides an amazing amount of near real-time weather forecasts and ocean surface observations for all of the U.S.
Texas Wetlands Restoration Project Completed:
NOAA's Damage Assessment, Remediation and Restoration Program just completed shepherding a major coastal restoration project -- over 2,500 acres of wetlands -- near Port Arthur, Texas.
|Gulf Dead Zone Size Measured; NOAA Funding Helps Manage New England Red Tide (Episode 32)||2009 Gulf of Mexico Dead Zone Size Measured:
The size of the dead zone in the Gulf of Mexico is slightly smaller than expected this year, but it's still going to be severe.|
NOAA Funding Helps Manage New England Red Tide: NOAA provides emergency funding to support sampling, mapping, and forecasting of a massive red tide in New England.
|Ocean for Life (Episode 31)||A new program called Ocean for Life is bringing together students from around the world to help bridge cultural divides through ocean science. We talk with the NOAA coordinator for Ocean for Life to learn more.|
|NOAA Restoration Day 2009 (Episode 29)||This week, we travel north of Baltimore to Otter Point Creek to join up with scores of NOAA volunteers gathered for NOAA Restoration Day. Over the past six years, Restoration Day has grown to become one of the largest federal employee-sponsored environmental stewardship events in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. Podcast guests include Restoration Day event organizer, park manager at Otter Point Creek's Anita C. Leight Estuary Center, the deputy secretary of Maryland's Department of Natural Resources, and the deputy director of the NOAA Chesapeake Bay office.|
|Interview with Marine Life Artist Wyland on New FOCUS Campaign (Episode 28)||Join us this week for a talk with environmental marine life artist Wyland about a new campaign to inspire kids with art and science. It's called FOCUS -- Forests, Oceans, Climate, and US -- and it kicks off on the National Mall in Washington, DC, on June 11. The five-year campaign is a partnership between the Wyland Foundation, NOAA, the National Aquarium, and the U.S. Forest Service.|
|New PORTS Station Opens in Lake Charles, Louisiana (Episode 26)||Mariners can now get free real-time information on water and weather conditions for the Port of Lake Charles, La., from a new NOAA ocean observing system at the port called NOAA Physical Oceanographic Real-Time System (PORTS). We talk with the PORTS program manager to learn what this system is all about.|
|Bay Hydro II Joins the NOAA Fleet; Tropical Fungus Range Expands into Northern Waters (Episode 24)||Join us this week to learn about Bay Hydro II, the newest addition to NOAA's fleet of hydrographic research vessels. We also take a look at a new NOAA-led study that finds a type of tropical fungus called lobomycosis is now infecting bottlenose dolphins off the coast of North Carolina.|
|Ocean Glider Set to Attempt Atlantic Crossing (Episode 23)||Undergraduate students from Rutgers University are finalizing preparations to launch an ocean glider on a journey from New Jersey to Spain. If the craft completes the trip, it will be the first unmanned underwater vehicle to successfully cross the Atlantic. We talk to Zdenka Willis, program director for NOAA's Integrated Ocean Observing System, about the upcoming mission and the future of ocean observing.|
|Flame Retardants Found in U.S. Coastal Ecosystems Nationwide (Episode 22)||A new NOAA report finds that man-made toxic chemicals used as flame retardants in consumer products are found in all U.S. coastal waters and the Great Lakes. The chemicals--Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers, or PBDEs--have generated international concern in recent years due to their global distribution and associated adverse environmental and human health effects. We talk with one of the authors of the report.|
|Caribbean Research Cruise; New Online Game for Kids (Episode 21)||Ocean service scientists are heading out to sea on the NOAA ship Nancy Foster for a two-week Caribbean mission to study coral reef ecosystems and fish habitats. And NOS launches a new Flash-based online game for kids called "Waterlife; Where the Rivers Meet the Sea."|
|Exxon Valdez Oil Spill 20th Anniversary Special (Episode 20)||Twenty years ago this month, nearly 11 million gallons of crude oil spilled into Alaska's Prince William Sound after the oil tanker Exxon Valdez grounded on a reef. It was and still is the single largest spill to ever occur along the coastal U.S. Join us in this special podcast as we talk with Dr. Alan Mearns, senior staff scientist with NOAA's Office of Response and Restoration. Mearns was involved in the initial spill response for the Exxon Valdez accident, and spent years leading a project that continues to monitor the long-term impact of the huge oil spill.|
|New Study Links Sea Foam to Unexplained Seabird Deaths and Strandings (Episode 19)||In 2007, hundreds of birds were found stranded or dead in California's Monterey Bay, coated with an unknown yellow-green substance that was eating away at the protective covering on their feathers. A new study partly funded by NOAA reveals what happened. We talk with one of the researchers involved in the effort.|
|Shipwreck added to Historic Register; 15th Anniversary of Positioning Network (Episode 18)||An early 20th century shipwreck located in a NOAA National Marine Sanctuary is added to the National Register of Historic Places. And the National Geodetic Survey celebrates the 15th anniversary of the Continuously Operating Reference Station program.|
|NOAA lends hand for Hudson River airplane crash; West Coast algal bloom summit (Episode 17)||This week, we talk about NOAA's role in the recent U.S. Airways airplane crash on the Hudson River near Manhattan. We then head west to learn why experts from NOAA, California, Oregon, and Washington State met last week to talk about harmful algal blooms, more commonly known as 'red tides.'|
|Antibiotic resistant illnesses and potential cures in the sea (Episode 16)||In this special edition, we're focusing on antibiotic resistance in the marine environment and potential new cures from the sea. We'll hear about three new studies presented at a NOAA-sponsored symposium at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Chicago.|
|Ocean in Google Earth; predicting cholera (Episode 15)||Users of Google Earth can now explore the depths of the ocean and discover NOAA information and images along their journey. And using ocean observations from satellites to predict the outbreak of cholera.|
|Delaware River restoration; lobster trap debris (Episode 11)||This week, NOAA and partners announce a restoration plan for shoreline and habitats of the Delaware River damaged by a 2004 oil spill. The plan is now up for public comment. And we travel to the Florida Keys to find out why NOS researchers are studying lobster trap debris.|
|A importÃ¢ncia do contexto temporal||Ao contrÃ¡rio do que os alarmistas do aquecimento global gostam de fazer acreditar o clima terrestre nÃ£o era um sistema estÃ¡vel que as actividades humanas vieram desequilibrar, ele sempre esteve em constante mudanÃ§a. A temperatura mÃ©dia global do planeta, como consequÃªncia, sempre variou. No entanto, dirÃ¡ o leitor, sÃ£o frequentes as notÃcias de novos recordes de temperatura mÃ¡xima ou degelo do Ãrtico e GronelÃ¢ndia. Os jornalistas, na sua ignorÃ¢ncia e procura de sensacionalismo, normalmente esquecem-se de um detalhe destes recordes.|
Quando os alarmistas dizem que se estabeleceu um novo mÃ¡ximo de temperatura mÃ©dia eles normalmente dizem temperatura mais elevada desde que hÃ¡ registos (on record). E em quase tudo aquilo que diz respeito a clima os registos tÃªm no mÃ¡ximo 50 anos. No caso especÃfico da temperatura o on record comeÃ§a em Outubro de 1978 quando todo o Globo passou a ter aferiÃ§Ã£o de temperatura por satÃ©lite. Ou seja, para os recordes sensacionais de que se falam, contam registos que equivalem a uma geraÃ§Ã£o humana. TerÃ¡ valor estatÃstico? Pensemos na nossa primeira Liga de futebol.
Imaginemos que a estatÃstica do nosso primeiro campeonato tem apenas um ano. Que conclusÃ£o se pode tirar? Que o Sporting Ã© uma equipa de meio da tabela. E se os registos fossem de dez anos? Nesse caso seria indiscutÃvel que o Porto domina o futebol nacional. Quer uma quer outra conclusÃ£o estÃ£o erradas se olharmos para o historial do futebol portuguÃªs. O Sporting Ã© uma das melhores equipas portuguesas e o Benfica Ã© o clube com mais campeonatos ganhos. Analisar o futebol portuguÃªs numa temporada ou em dez nÃ£o dÃ¡ uma perspectiva fidedigna do futebol em Portugal.
Se voltarmos Ã temperatura Ã© fÃ¡cil de entender que o intervalo 1979-2012 nÃ£o Ã© estatisticamente relevante face Ã vida de um planeta que jÃ¡ conta com milhares de milhÃµes de anos. Gritar recordes com tÃ£o pequena amostra nÃ£o Ã© ciÃªncia, antes propaganda alarmista.
Quanto mais se recua no tempo menos registos de temperatura existem. De 1850 para trÃ¡s os dados de temperatura sÃ£o obtidos indirectamente atravÃ©s de proxies (anÃ©is de troncos de Ã¡rvore, camadas de gelo milenar, etc). Poder-se-Ã dizer que Ã© uma forma falÃvel de se obter valores de temperatura mas Ã© a Ãºnica forma e Ã© por isso melhor do que nada. Para alÃ©m disso, e no que toca aos Ãºltimos 2.000 anos, os grÃ¡ficos construÃdos sÃ£o corroborados por indÃcios e descriÃ§Ãµes que se encontram na literatura, pintura, etc.
Os grÃ¡ficos de temperatura tÃªm uma evoluÃ§Ã£o aleatÃ³ria que faz lembrar a da cotaÃ§Ã£o de activos bolsistas. Os analistas tÃ©cnicos procuram identificar nestes grÃ¡ficos bolsistas tendÃªncias futuras baseando-se no comportamento passado. E quando um analista tÃ©cnico faz uma previsÃ£o de tendÃªncia futura jamais esquece algo, definir o horizonte temporal. "O Ãndice PSI20 estÃ¡ com uma tendÃªncia positiva de curto prazo" "No mÃ©dio prazo estou bullish na EDP". Uma previsÃ£o de evoluÃ§Ã£o de um grÃ¡fico precisa de ser suportada no desempenho passado e o alcance dela tem que ter um intervalo de tempo consideravelmente inferior para poder ter uma probabilidade relevante. Ã lÃ³gico que fazer uma previsÃ£o para cem anos com uma amostra dos dez passados nÃ£o passa de um palpite.
Na verdade, as previsÃµes de tendÃªncia de evoluÃ§Ã£o do clima dos alarmistas nÃ£o se baseiam em anÃ¡lise do passado mas em modelos computacionais. NÃ£o tÃªm por isso validade matemÃ¡tica. O que estes modelos fazem Ã© computar cenÃ¡rios futuros hipotÃ©ticos, isto Ã©, fazer palpites. E todos eles falharam como o prÃ³prio IPCC reconhece aqui.
Mas porque Ã© que supostos cientistas falham num rigor estatÃstico que os analistas tÃ©cnicos nÃ£o descuram? Existem duas razÃµes, a primeira Ã© que do trabalho dos analistas tÃ©cnicos resultam investimentos privados, pessoas concretas que reclamam se perderem dinheiro. As previsÃµes do IPCC influenciam polÃticas que os paÃses fazem com dinheiro pÃºblico e, como se sabe, a culpa da mÃ¡ utilizaÃ§Ã£o de dinheiros pÃºblicos morre solteira. A segunda razÃ£o Ã© que a anÃ¡lise tÃ©cnica faz previsÃµes para horas, dias, no mÃ¡ximo semanas, logo a sua validade Ã© rapidamente confirmada. Ao invÃ©s, sÃ£o precisas pelo menos trÃªs dÃ©cadas para aferir a eficÃ¡cia das previsÃµes do IPCC. Ao fim de 20 anos de modelos computacionais comeÃ§a a ficar evidente que a temperatura mÃ©dia da Terra nÃ£o segue nenhum dos palpites do IPCC.
Vamos a factos. Nos Ãºltimos 2.000 anos a temperatura mÃ©dia global do planeta variou num intervalo de 1,2ÂºC como se pode ver no primeiro grÃ¡fico elaborado pelo climatÃ³logo Roy Spencer a partir da reconstruÃ§Ã£o de temperaturas com proxies tiradas deste paper (a tracejado jÃ¡ sÃ£o valores medidos no Ãºltimo sÃ©culo). O pico mÃ¡ximo deu-se por volta do ano 900 durante o chamado PerÃodo Quente Medieval e o mÃnimo hÃ¡ cerca de 400 anos durante a Pequena Era Glacial. A temperatura actual ainda estÃ¡ cerca de 0,2ÂºC abaixo daquilo que se pensa ser o mÃ¡ximo dos Ãºltimos 2.000 anos.
Apesar de dois milÃ©nios ser um horizonte temporal bastante mais significativo do que os 33 anos que separam 1979 de 2012 seria ainda assim estÃ©ril gritar recordes. E falso uma vez que os valores de temperatura actuais nada tÃªm de extraordinÃ¡rio.
Podemos olhar apenas para o perÃodo com dados reais de satÃ©lite (1979-2012) patente neste segundo grÃ¡fico tambÃ©m construÃdo por Roy Spencer. Os dados vÃªm do alarmista National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) e por isso sÃ£o insuspeitos.
O grÃ¡fico mostra que nos Ãºltimos 15 anos a temperatura do planeta nÃ£o aumenta. O valor mais elevado on record Ã© o de 1998 em virtude de um El nino particularmente forte. Ã caso para perguntar, quem Ã© que estÃ¡ actualmente em negaÃ§Ã£o, os cÃ©pticos ou os alarmistas?
|EcoZone initiative; record year for spill clean-up; height modernization (Episode 2)||This week, we talk about NOAA's role in a new public-private partnership called the EcoZone® Green Schools Initiative. Then we look at the busiest year on record for the NOS Office of Response and Restoration, the NOAA office that responds to oil and chemical spills around the nation. Finally, we talk about a National Geodetic Survey effort to revolutionize the measurement of height by measuring gravity around the country. We wrap up the episode with a closer look at how gravity and height are related.|
|Tracking sea turtles with sonar; coral bleaching (Episode 1)||This week we bring you research on the use of sonar to track threatened sea turtles, NOAA's new Ocean Today Kiosk, and recent upgrades to the space-based global coral bleaching monitoring network. We end the show with a look at some of the things reef managers and scientists can do to protect a reef when the ocean overheats.|
|D P BuZZ - November 29, 2012|
New interviews every show! Join Larry Jordan and Michael Horton this week as they talk with:r
Navarro Parker, Motion Graphics Animator â and â Bradley âGmunkâ Munkowski, Design Directorr
The latest James Bond film, âSkyfall,â has captured the attention of movie-goers around the world and inspired other to emulate its effects. Recently, Sony created âMouse and Cat,â a TV, print and web-based campaign which leverages the James Bond franchise. Two members of the effects team that created the broadcast commercial join us this week to talk about their work: Navarro Parker and Bradley âGmunkâ Munkowitz. We want to learn what they they did, the tools they used, and how they went about planning their effects. This will be an exciting interview.r
Michelle Yamazaki, VP â Marketing, ToolFarmr
Our favorite plug-in-ologist, Michele Yamazaki, VP of Marketing for ToolFarm, joins us again this week to share her latest findings on new plug-ins for filmmakers and editors. Cool tools, and some cool toys, as Michele explains on this weekâs show.r
John Dower, Filmmaker, âBradley Wiggins â A Year in Yellowâr
Filmmaker John Dower spent a year producing a documentary about the Tour de France and its winner, Bradley Wiggins. The film, âBradley Wiggins â A Year in Yellow,â has just been released to the festival circuit. John joins us this week to tell us more about his film, and why he decided to make it.r
Jonathan Handel, Entertainment Labor Reporter, The Hollywood Reporterr
When activists tried to unionize New Zealand actors on The Hobbit, they knew it wouldnât be easy. In fact, New Zealand has the worldâs only non-union English-language film business. In his book, The New Zealand Hobbit Crisis, reporter Jonathan Handel covered the negotiations and the repercussions. Jonathan joins us this week to tell us about the negotiations, the results and the book that chronicles all of it.r
SPECIAL REPORT: Government Video Expo 2012, Washington, DC.r
This week, the annual Government Video Expo is going in Washington, DC. On this weekâs show, we have three interviews with some of the keynote speakers:r
Katie Snider, Executive Producer, âOceans Today,â NOAAr
Kevin Beverley, Chief â Army Televisionr
Hope Hall, White House Videographer
|Why Google Earth Can't Show You Israel?||Why Google Earth Can't Show You
Since Google launched its Google Earth feature in 2005, the company has become a worldwide leader in providing high-resolution satellite imagery. In 2010, Google Earth allowed the world to see the extent of the destruction in post-earthquake Haiti . This year, Google released similar images after Japan 's deadly tsunami and earthquake. With just one click, Google can bring the worldâand a better understanding of far-away eventsâto your computer.
There is one entire country, however, that Google Earth won't show you: Israel .
That's because, in 1997, Congress passed the National Defense Authorization Act, one section of which is titled, "Prohibition on collection and release of detailed satellite imagery relating to Israel ." The amendment, known as the Kyl-Bingaman Amendment, calls for a federal agency, the NOAA's Commercial Remote Sensing Regulatory Affairs, to regulate the dissemination of zoomed-in images of Israel .
When asked about the regulation, a Google spokeswoman told Mother Jones, "The images in Google Earth are sourced from a wide range of both commercial and public sources. We source our satellite imagery from US-based companies who are subject to US law, including the Kyl-Bingaman Amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act of 1997, which limits the resolution of imagery of Israel that may be commercially distributed."
And it's not just Israel . The regulation also applies to the occupied territories. It's why Human Rights Watch can't provide detailed imagery of the Gaza Strip in its reports. Of course, this regulation cuts both ways; one also cannot see the destruction in Sderot resulting from rockets sent out of Gaza .
But, the impact of the regulation might be dwindling; after all, the US can only regulate the actions of American corporations. Turkey recently announced that its GokTurk satellite will provide high-resolution imagery of Israel when it becomes operational in 2013. Israel is unhappy with this possibility: An Israeli official told Al-Arabiya, "We try to ensure that we are not photographed at high resolutions, and most (countries) accommodate us." The official adds: "Should we request this of the Turks? We won't ask for it. There is no one to talk to."
|SÄRUTÄRI PE SUFLETUL A.O.Å.R. de POMPILIU COMSA||PlecÄm de la IaÅi spre DurÄu cu o maÅinÄ pusÄ la dispoziÅ£ie cu amabilitate de Prof. univ. Dr. Vasile BURLUI. SporovÄim poate Åi Ã®n intenÅ£ia de a ne pierde timpul despre de toate, dar mai ales despre starea drumurilor, care nu este grozavÄ, dar Åi despre vina autoritÄÅ£ilor de a scoate Ã®n evidenÅ£Ä singurele douÄ domenii care cu minimÄ investiÅ£ie ne-ar aduce profit, anume agricultura Åi turismul. Peisajul este magnific, natura fiind darnicÄ pentru aceastÄ naÅ£iune. Trecem pe lÃ¢ngÄ localitatea Bicaz, cu tot ce Ã®nseamnÄ energeticÄ Åi plonjÄm Ã®n raiul din jurul muntelui CeahlÄu, plin deja de zÄpadÄ. DurÄu pare o insulÄ abandonatÄ, lipsind inclusiv indicatoarele. Ajungem la Cabana Pelerinului, situatÄ Ã®n centrul staÅ£iunii, vizavi de mÄnÄstirea ce poartÄ denumirea staÅ£iunii, Ã®n vecinÄtatea a douÄ supermarketuri cu rafturi pline, dar fÄrÄ cumpÄrÄtori. E sÄrÄcie lucie Ã®n zonÄ, ceva agitaÅ£ie fiind doar vara. Este Sesiunea ÅtiinÅ£ificÄ de ToamnÄ 2016 a Academieiei Oamenilor de ÅtiinÅ£Ä din RomÃ¢nia, desfÄÅuratÄ sub genericul ââÅtiinÅ£Ä-CunoaÅtere-Creativitate-Spiritualitateââ. ... |
|MEDITAÈIE LA LANSAREA VOLUMULUI DE VERSURI âCONCERT BRANDENBURGICâ AUTOR PROF. UNIV. DR. VASILE BURLUI de POMPILIU COMSA||Festivitatea a avut loc recent, Ã®n sala âUniriiâ a Muzeului de Istorie, la care a participat elita intelectualitÄÈii, prevalent exponenÈi ai vieÈii universitare, academice Èi literare ieÈene. DupÄ cunoaÈterea mea, acesta este cel de-al cincisprezecelea volum de versuri pe care, reputatul om de ÈtiinÈÄ Èi talentatul poet Vasile Burlui Ã®l lanseazÄ la IaÈi, Ã®mbogÄÈind astfel palmaresul operei sale literare, poetice. Exegeza, analiza acestei noi Èi deosebit de valoroase creaÈii literare, a revenit unor poeÈi Èi scriitori consacraÈi, de mare prestigiu, precum Ioan Holban, Cassian Maria Spiridon, Adi Cristi, Paul Gorban È.a. Am trÄit momente de elevatÄ satisfacÈie spiritualÄ, alÄturi de un public exigent Èi receptiv. AceastÄ nouÄ Ã®ntÃ¢lnire cu savantul Èi poetul Vasile Burlui mi-a generat profunde meditaÈii, reflecÈii inerente, ad hoc, Èi sunt convins cÄ nu numai mie. Acestea s-au derulat, Ã®n primul rÃ¢nd, Ã®n legÄturÄ cu personalitatea complexÄ a autorului, cu actul sÄu de creaÈie multivalent Èi mai ales cu privire la âizvorul nesecat de inspiraÈie poeticÄâ, dar Èi la opera sa ÈtiinÈificÄ, ... |
|DEZNAÈIONALIZAREA ÈI MAGHIARIZAREA ROMÃNILOR DIN ARDEAL PRIN BISERICÄ ÈI ÈCOALÄ, ÃNAINTE DE 1 DECEMBRIE 1918 AUTOR: ION STRÄJAN de POMPILIU COMSA||Recenzie de Prof. univ. Dr. Constantin Gh. MARINESCU Cu mare satisfacÈie am primit o nouÄ lucrare de Istorie a RomÃ¢nilor, scrisÄ de reputatul publicist, istoric Èi economist, profesorul Ioan StrÄjan, PreÈedintele FundaÈiei âAlba Iuliaâ Èi Directorul valoroasei reviste cu acelaÈi titlu. Lucrarea apare cu subtitlul âAdunarea de protest de la Alba Iulia, din 29 mai 1922, Ã®mpotriva Ã®nfiinÈÄrii Episcopiei greco-catolice maghiare la Hajdu-Durogâ Èi a vÄzut lumina tiparului Ã®n anul 2014, la prestigioasa EditurÄ âTipo Moldovaâ din IaÈi, Ã®n colecÈia âOmnia. Carte de Istorieâ. De la Ã®nceput doresc sÄ subliniez cÄ este de bun augur colaborarea dintre cele douÄ mari citadele ale Unionismului RomÃ¢nesc, Alba Iulia Èi IaÈi, Ã®ntr-un domeniu mai puÈin bÄtÄtorit, Èi anume publicistica istoricÄ. Lucrarea profesorului Ioan StrÄjan vine sÄ punÄ Ã®n relief, cu pregnanÈÄ, locul Èi rolul sÄu Ã®n cunoaÈterea aprofundatÄ Èi afirmarea valorilor istoriei naÈionale, a problemelor cardinale din domeniul SpiritualitÄÈii romÃ¢neÈti. ... |
|PROTEST de POMPILIU COMSA||PRO ANTI CorespondenÅ£Ä Ã®n eclusivitate din SUA PROTEST Distinse Dle Prof.univ.Dr VASILE BURLUI, PreÅedinte al UniversitÄÅ£ii Apollonia din IAÅI, ROMÃNIA. Am aflat cu mare regret de nedreptÄÅ£ile la care este supusÄ prestigioasa Universitate ieÅeanÄ APOLLONIA . AvÃ¢nd avantajul cÄ am avut Åansa de a cunoaÅte direct aspecte esenÅ£iale din activitatea acestei unitÄÅ£i de Ã®nvÄÅ£ÄmÃ¢nt superior pe care o conduceÅ£i cu atÃ¢ta har Åi competenÅ£Ä surprinderea noastrÄ este cu atÃ¢t mai mare Åi de neÃ®nÅ£eles. Åtiu cÄ Universitatea Apollonia dispune de o performantÄ Åi modernÄ bazÄ didactico-materialÄ, de un management performant Åi de un personal didactic de Ã®naltÄ calitate didactico-ÅtiinÅ£ificÄ. Universitatea Apollonia s-a evidenÅ£iat an de an printr-o remarcabilÄ activitate de cercetare ÅtiinÅ£ificÄ la care sunt atraÅi Åi studenÅ£ii, care participÄ cu mult entuziasm. Din informaÅ£iile pe care le avem Åi rezultatele studenÅ£ilor la examenele curente, inclusiv la cele de licenÅ£Ä sunt de apreciat. Åi Ã®n faÅ£a unor asemenea realizÄri echipa de la ARACIS n-a reuÅit sÄ le vadÄ, sÄ le evalueze obiectiv, dar ... |
|SAVANTUL GRIGORE COBÄLCESCU â ÃNTEMEIETORUL GEOLOGIEI ROMÃNEÅTI, UN EXEMPLU DE DEMNITATE CIVICÄ de POMPILIU COMSA||de Ionel Pintilii Ãn societatea romÃ¢neascÄ postdecembristÄ, imoralitatea a ajuns la cote alarmante. Unele entitÄÅ£i naÅ£ionale, mai apropiate sau mai Ã®ndepÄrtate de graniÅ£ele actuale ale RomÃ¢niei, Ã®Åi disputÄ Ã®ntÃ¢ietatea, paternitatea asupra unor personalitÄÅ£i marcante romÃ¢neÅti Åi cautÄ sÄ le integreze Ã®n cultura lor, iar unele elemente alogene, minimalizeazÄ valorile naÅ£ionale, perene, tradiÅ£ionale sau âascund Ã®n debaraâ, comori ale culturii Åi spiritualitÄÅ£ii romÃ¢neÅti. Eforturile timide ale unor persoane sau grupuri de persoane, fundaÅ£ii, asociaÅ£ii cultural-patriotice etc., de a reliefa contribuÅ£ia culturii Åi inventicii romÃ¢neÅti la cea universalÄ, la dezvoltarea Ã®n general a omenirii sunt palide, inconsistente. ConsiderÄm benefic orice gest fÄcut Ã®n acest sens care ar ajuta la promovarea Åi cunoaÅterea marilor Åi importantelor realizÄri Ã®n diverse domenii Ã®nfÄptuite de cÄtre oameni care s-au nÄscut, au Ã®nvÄÅ£at Åi creat pe aceste minunate meleaguri romÃ¢neÅti. ... |
|CÄLÄTORII ALE SUFLETULUI/SPIRITULUI ÃN CARE VÄ POFTEÅTE CRISTINA EMANUELA DASCÄLU de POMPILIU COMSA||CÄLÄTORII ALE SUFLETULUI SPIRITULUI ÃN CARE VÄ POFTEÅTE CRISTINA EMANUELA DASCÄLU De ceva timp â recunosc cu jenÄ pentru prietenii mei care mi le-au trimis cu speranÅ£Ä â zac mai multe volume oferite spre lecturÄ Åi eventualÄ recenzare. Printre ele, trei semnate de colega mea de la Universitatea âApolloniaâ IaÅi, douÄ Ã®n romÃ¢nÄ Åi unul Ã®n englezÄ, limbÄ pe care o stÄpÃ¢neÅte la perfecÅ£ie, mai ales dupÄ ce a predat ani buni Ã®n Statele Unite. E adevÄrat Åi un alt fapt cÃ¢nd Ã®l atinge aripa inspiraÅ£iei, romÃ¢nul se apucÄ de literaturÄ. Brusc Åi la vÃ¢rste diferite. FÄrÄ sÄ fi dat prea multe semne Ã®nainte cÄ i-ar interesa sÄ se recalifice. Ei nu scriu pentru cÄ sunt bÃ¢ntuiÅ£i de vreun demon al frustÄrii, ci pentru cÄ aÅa simt. Scriem, vorbim, simÅ£im, deci suntem materie Åi spirit. Scopul vieÅ£ii este evoluÅ£ia, capÄtÄ sens. ConÅtientizÄm timpul, definim cunoaÅterea, experienÅ£a, Ã®mbunÄtÄÅ£im sufletul Åi-l facem nemuritor. Cogito, ergo sum Scopul vieÅ£ii este âdevenireaâ. Spunea odatÄ Coelho âEu nu sunt un corp care are suflet, sunt un suflet care are o parte vizibilÄ numitÄ corpâ. ... |
|UN ELEGIAC DEMN de POMPILIU COMSA||UN ELEGIAC DEMN Despre Vasile Burlui nu Åtiu prea multe. De a lungul anilor, mi au trecut prin preajma auzului mediatic cÃ¢teva veÅti generate de varii Ã®ntÃ¢mplÄri din lumea universitarÄ ieÅeanÄ. DacÄ mi amintesc corect, veÅtile erau Ã®ntr un timp de rÄu, Ã®n altul de bine Åi tot aÅa, Ã®ntr o alternanÅ£Ä devenitÄ specificÄ pentru media romÃ¢neascÄ scrisÄ, vÄzutÄ sau vorbitÄ din om Ã®n om. Mai ales cÃ¢nd vin dinspre spaÅ£iile universitare, veÅtile nu prea meritÄ crezare, nici cele bune, din pÄcate, nici cele rele, din fericire. Ãn spatele lor sunt, deseori, interese, intrigi, grupÄri Åi competiÅ£ii interne pe care nu le poÅ£i niciodatÄ cunoaÅte cu deplinÄ obiectivitate. Recunosc cÄ nici despre poezia universitarului ieÅean nu Åtiam mai mult. Ãn ultimii ani m am dedicat mai degrabÄ cercetÄrilor de istorie literarÄ decÃ¢t sincronizÄrii receptive cu literatura Mi a vorbit despre ea mai Ã®ntÃ¢i un e mail, compus cu aristocraticÄ eleganÅ£Ä chiar de autorul ei, care mÄ ruga politicos, Ã®n urmÄ cu cÃ¢teva luni, sÄ citesc un manuscris Åi, dacÄ mi se pare interesant, sÄ prefaÅ£ez volumul Ã®n care ... |
|5 OCTOMBRIE-ZIUA MONDIALA A EDUCATORULUI de POMPILIU COMSA||5 OCTOMBRIE-ZIUA MONDIALÄ A EDUCATORULUI OBIECTIVE ÅI PLAN DE ACÅ¢IUNE de Prof.univ. asoc. Pompiliu COMÅA La 5 OCTOMBRIE sÄrbÄtorim âZIUA MONDIALÄ A EDUCATORULUIâ. PÄrinÅ£ii, autoritÄÅ£ile locale Åi societatea civilÄ trebuie sÄ devinÄ parteneri responsabili ai formÄrii viitoarelor generaÅ£ii. LansÄm Proiectul âRESPECT TOTAL ÃN ÅCOLI, ÃN COMUNITATE, ÃN SOCIETATEA ROMÃNESCÄâ, pentru creÅterea calitÄÅ£ii Åi eficienÅ£ei educaÅ£iei.ZIUA MONDIALÄ A EDUCATORULUI a fost stabilitÄ de UNESCO Åi ProclamatÄ de Adunarea GeneralÄ a ONU. Ãn octombrie 1966, la Paris, Ã®n cadrul ConferinÅ£ei Interguvernamentale Speciale, referitoare la Statutul Profesorilor, s-a hotÄrÃ¢t ca data de 5 OCTOMBRIE sÄ constituie ZIUA MONDIALÄ A EDUCATORULUI, aceasta reprezentÃ¢nd recunoaÅterea rolului educatorilor Åi contribuÅ£iei lor la dezvoltarea omului Åi a societÄÅ£ii moderne. RecomandÄrile UNESCO prevÄd responsabilitatea Statelor de a furniza o educaÅ£ie adecvatÄ tuturor pentru traducerea Ã®n fapt a art. 26 din DeclaraÅ£ia UniversalÄ a Drepturilor Copilului Åi a DeclaraÅ£iei ONU privind promovarea Ã®n rÃ¢ndul ... |
|RECENZIE DE ACD.CONSTANTIN GH.MARINESCU de POMPILIU COMSA||RECENZIE Acad. Constantin Marinescu Recent, a vÄzut lumina tiparului, la Editura Apollonia din IaÅi, o lucrare de mare interes cultural Åi publicistic, intitulatÄ Monografia comunei Suceveni, elaboratÄ de cunoscutul ziarist Åi publicist gÄlÄÅ£ean Pompiliu ComÅa, Directorul Trustului de presÄ POMPIDU. Lucrarea beneficiazÄ de o valoroasÄ PrefaÅ£Ä Ã®ntocmitÄ de Prof. univ. Dr. Vasile Burlui, PreÅedintele UniversitÄÅ£ii Apollonia din IaÅi, care face o introducere, o deschidere beneficÄ, temeinic documentatÄ Ã®n vasta problematicÄ privind trecutul, prezentul Åi viitorul, respectiv proiectele dezvoltÄrii Åi promovÄrii civilizaÅ£iei rurale, Ã®n aceastÄ comunÄ gÄlÄÅ£eanÄ, Ã®ncÄrcatÄ de istorie Åi valori inconfundabile. De asemenea, aceeaÅi lucrare a pÄtruns cu interes Ã®n circuitul publicistic, ÅtiinÅ£ific Åi cultural romÃ¢nesc, Åi ca urmare a unei ample PostfeÅ£e, care analizeazÄ aprofundat, problematica abordatÄ de autor, contribuÅ£ia sa la cunoaÅterea specificului rural, a particularitÄÅ£ilor de viaÅ£Ä religioase, culturale Åi social-economice ale populaÅ£iei comunei Suceveni. ... |
|ZILELE UNIVERSITATII APOLLONIA de POMPILIU COMSA||ZILELE UNIVERSITÄÅ¢II APOLLONIA-ediÅ£ia a XXII-a, IaÅi Prin misiunea asumatÄ de promotor al valorilor academice, Universitatea Apollonia din IaÅi pune accent Ã®n mod permanent pe cele trei componente de bazÄ culturalÄ, educativÄ Åi formativÄ de pregÄtire a tinerei generaÅ£ii, avÃ¢nd Ã®n vedere rolul Åi viitorul universitÄÅ£ilor Ã®ntr-o economie a cunoaÅterii Åi o societate a creativitÄÅ£ii. Personalizare, diversitate Åi transparenÅ£Ä - cele trei principii promovate de Viziunea 2025 privind Ã®nvÄÅ£ÄmÃ¢ntul superior din RomÃ¢nia â reprezintÄ punctul de plecare al acÅ£iunilor organizate de universitatea din PÄcurari, Ã®n beneficiul studenÅ£ilor Åi al societÄÅ£ii pentru care aceÅtia sunt pregÄtiÅ£i. Ca Ã®n fiecare an de la Ã®nfiinÅ£area UniversitÄÅ£ii Apollonia, perioada de o lunÄ cuprinsÄ Ã®ntre sÄrbÄtoarea Sfintei Apollonia, din ziua de 9 februarie Åi sÄrbÄtoarea celor 40 de Mucenici din Sevastia, din ziua de 9 martie, reprezintÄ o sumÄ de evenimente ÅtiinÅ£ifice, cultural-educative Åi sportive care se adreseazÄ atÃ¢t studenÅ£ilor Åi cadrelor didactice din universitate, cÃ¢t Åi invitaÅ£ilor ... |
|NONE de POMPILIU COMSA||ZILELE UNIVERSITÄÅ¢II APOLLONIA EDIÅ¢IA A XXII-a IAÅI 9 FEBRUARIE - 9 MARTIE 2012 Universitatea Apollonia din IaÅi organizeazÄ, Ã®n perioada 9 februarie â 9 martie 2012, o serie de manifestÄri ÅtiinÅ£ifice, culturale Åi sportive, Ã®n cadrul evenimentelor anuale, devenite tradiÅ£ionale, reunite sub genericul âZilele UniversitÄÅ£ii Apolloniaâ. Prin misiunea asumatÄ de promotor al valorilor academice, Universitatea Apollonia din IaÅi pune accent Ã®n mod permanent pe cele trei compunente de bazÄ culturalÄ, educativÄ Åi formativÄ de pregÄtire a tinerei generaÅ£ii, avÃ¢nd Ã®n vedere rolul Åi viitorul universitÄÅ£ilor Ã®ntr-o economie a cunoaÅterii Åi o societate a creativitÄÅ£ii. Personalizare, diversitate Åi transparenÅ£Ä - cele trei principii promovate de Viziunea 2025 privind Ã®nvÄÅ£ÄmÃ¢ntul superior din RomÃ¢nia â reprezintÄ punctul de plecare al acÅ£iunilor organizate de universitatea noastrÄ, Ã®n beneficiul studenÅ£ilor Åi al societÄÅ£ii pentru care aceÅtia sunt pregÄtiÅ£i. ... |
|ROMANII, O NATIE CU TARA INGHESUITA LA DOUA CAPETE de POMPILIU COMSA||ROMÃNII, O NAÅ¢IE CU Å¢ARA ÃNGHESUITÄ LA DOUÄ CAPETE Motto ''DacÄ aÅ£i avea decenÅ£a sÄ Ã®nÅ£elegeÅ£i Ã®n ce lume trÄiÅ£i cu adevÄrat, v-ar Ã®ngheÅ£a sufletele'' Negru VodÄ Ãn spaÅ£iul public, Ã®n ultimii 21 de ani, a dispÄrut ruÅinea. Poate Åi Ã®nainte era vizibil fenomenul, dar nimeni nu-l aducea Ã®n lumina reflectoarelor. PÃ¢nÄ Ã®n decembrie '89 valorile celor care locuiau Ã®n acest spaÅ£iu Åi cu tristeÅ£e Ã®Åi spuneau romÃ¢ni erau foarte bine cristalizate Åi Ã®n general, cu foarte mici excepÅ£ii, totul se Ã®ndrepta spre cunoaÅtere. De bine de rÄu, de pildÄ, profesorii Åi cei care aveau studii errau respectaÅ£i, nu pentru banii lor, ci pentru ce reprezentau ei Ã®n societate. Exista un respect major pentru intelectuali, respect acordat necondiÅ£ionat Åi fÄrÄ sÄ se punÄ Ã®ntrebÄri. Fiecare familie, fiecare pÄrinte, Ã®Åi dorea ca cel puÅ£in un copil sÄ-i ajungÄ student, sÄ fie inginer, profesor sau doctor. Apoi banul a Ã®nceput sÄ conteze, banul a Ã®nceput sÄ corupÄ. De aceea nu mai existÄ o scarÄ a valorilor, existÄ doar diplome Åi multÄ prostie. Unii spun cÄ suntem Ã®n plinÄ dictaturÄ a prostimii. Numai cÄ dictatura ... |
|GALATEANUL GAVRILA TUCHILUS,MINISTRU AL AGRICULTURII de POMPILIU COMSA||VÄ propunem ca ministru al agriculturii pe gÄlÄÅ£eanul GAVRILÄ TUCHILUÅ din Matca Cine-l cunoaÅte pe omul, pe profesionistul de excepÅ£ie GAVRILÄ TUCHILUÅ, directorul de la AGRIMAT Matca, Åtie cÄ nu ne jucÄm cu vorbele Åi cÄ propunerea noastrÄ este pe deplin justificatÄ, aici fiind pe deplin acoperit Ã®n fapte proverbul ''Omul sfinÅ£eÅte locul''. Pentru ceilalÅ£i, vom argumenta Åi susÅ£ine afirmaÅ£ia mai jos, Ã®n 8 puncte. 1. Ãn anii '90, agricultura RomÃ¢niei a trecut printr-o crizÄ fÄrÄ precedent. DesfiinÅ£area CAP-urilor a dus la apariÅ£ia a milioane de Å£Ärani cu 1-10 ha de teren care, din cauza fÄrÄmiÅ£Ärii excesive a parcelelor, din lipsa unui minim de dotare tehnicÄ Åi pe fondul perpetuÄrii unor cunoÅtiinÅ£e precare privind tehnologiile de culturÄ, nu au reuÅit sÄ producÄ suficientÄ hranÄ pentru populaÅ£ia RomÃ¢niei. Singura salvare pentru siguranÅ£a alimentarÄ a Å£Ärii noastre erau fostele IAS-uri, dar politicile dezastruoase Ã®n domeniu, preÅ£urile produselor agricole fixate de stat Åi liberalizarea preÅ£urilor la importuri, alÄturi de un management defectuos al acestor unitÄÅ£i, a dus, Ã®n foarte ... |
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|Carrying Albert Home||
author: Homer Hickam
average rating: 3.99
book published: 2015
read at: 2016/05/10
date added: 2016/05/10
shelves: 2016, love, marriage, journey, tall-tales, family, kismet, 1930s, great-depression, homer-hickam
Carrying Albert Home: Lessons From the Road
Carrying Albert Home: The Somewhat True Story of A Man, His Wife, and Her Alligator by Homer Hickam was chosen by Tom Mathews as his Moderator's Choice for On the Southern Literary Trail for May, 2016. Many thanks to Tom and especially to Homer Hickam who participated in a Question and Answer Discussion with the Group about his novel.
Do yourself a favor and read Carrying Albert Home: The Somewhat True Story of A Man, His Wife, and Her Alligator by Homer Hickam. It will make you feel good. It will make you smile, laugh, cry, and appreciate the great mysteries of life. Mysteries such as why we're here, where we've been, where we're going, and what's the point of it all.
âBut thatâs what kismet is. It makes us careen off in odd directions from which we learn not only what life is about but what it is for. This journey may be nothing less than your chance to discover these things.â-The Captain, Homer's wise employer
On the surface of things, this is the tale of a great American road trip from Coalwood, West Virginia, all the way to Key West, Florida, in 1935, in the midst of the great depression. The travelers are Homer and Elsie Hickam, the author's parents. The purpose of the trip is to carry Albert home. Albert the alligator, a wedding gift from Buddy Ebsen, whom Elsie had known in Orlando, Florida, before Ebsen decided to journey to New York City in search of stardom as a dancer.
Albert represents something decidedly different to Homer and Elsie. Elsie viewed Albert as a gift solely to her from a handsome young man who became a star, the possibility of a love that might yet be fulfilled. She hates the West Virginia town of Coalwood. She wonders whether she should be married to coal miner Homer Hickam.
For Homer Hickam, Albert represents a competitor for his wife's affections. Buddy Ebsen is a phantom he cannot fight. Homer knows he is a coal miner, that he will never be a star, that he cannot even dance. When Albert clamps his toothy grin on Homer's pants leg, Homer issues an ultimatum. Either Albert goes, or he goes. To his dismay, Elsie thinks about it a week before she agrees to give up Albert, but only if Homer carries Albert home to Florida. With Elsie, of course, who never wants to return to Coalwood again.
What follows is a series of adventures and misadventures of epic proportion through great depression America. With $100.00 borrowed from the coal company and a 1925 Buick Touring Car, Homer doggedly drives south towards Florida. Albert rides in the back seat in a wash tub, showing his approval by his happy sounds of "Yeah, yeah, yeah." A mysterious rooster flies through the window to either perch on Albert's head or Homer's shoulder. Neither Albert nor Elsie ever understand why the rooster is there. Perhaps, it's pointed out by more than one person they encounter on the journey, he's a guardian angel, or spirit.
And perhaps there's more to this journey than the simple purpose of carrying Albert home. Both Homer and Elsie have a lot to learn about themselves and each other. Sometimes the point of a journey lies not in the destination but journey itself. Isn't that the perfect allegory for what we call life?
So, it should come as no surprise that Homer's attitude toward Albert should begin to change. How many alligators can stop a bank robbery? Nor should it come as a surprise that Elsie increasingly notices Homer's dependability in doing what is necessary to take Albert home.
Every odyssey needs its sage. Carrying Albert Home: The Somewhat True Story of A Man, His Wife, and Her Alligator presents two; John Steinbeck, and Ernest Hemingway. They serve as bookends to the love story of Homer and Elsie Hickam. Between strike breaking in North Carolina and the Great Hurricane of 1935, in which these two literary icons figure, Elsie and Homer learn much of life and each other.
âSo, you met Steinbeck,â mused Hemingway over his port after the women had left. âIt is a fateful peculiarity that you might meet him and me at virtually the same time. To what do you attribute that, Homer?â âI donât know, sir,â Homer answered. âJust the way it worked out, I guess.â âDonât you believe it. There are no coincidences in life. Although the big God of the Hebrews might be the greatest of them, I believe there are small gods who watch out and sometimes determine our fate. I believe they also like to have a little fun with us from time to time. Kismet. You heard of it?â
This is tall tale telling at its best. Hickam weaves his story in the loom of family legend. Each of us have similar stories passed down within our own families. These tales are the ones we cherish and serve as the glue that blesses the familial ties that bind. As the little man
Michaleen Oge Flynn said in John Ford's The Quiet Man "Homeric! Impetuous!"
A story that's almost true? I believe every word of it.
Ebsen showed up in NYC in 1928 with $26.75 and his sister, Vilma. Ebsen took a job in a soda fountain. Both he and his sister were dancers and began their professional career in Broadway chorus lines. He broke into films in 1935. Ebsen signed with MGM at $1500 a week. Not bad for the great depression. He was set to star as the Tin Man in "The Wizard of Oz." The aluminum makeup made him seriously ill. Throughout his life he referred to Oz as "that damned movie." Ebsen pulled out of the cast.
Ebsen is best remembered as Jed Clampett. But he was also Doc Golightly, Holly's much older husband in "Breakfast at Tiffanys." After the run of Beverly Hillbillies, Ebsen put in eight seasons, nearly 180 episodes of "Barnaby Jones," from 1973 to 1980.
Ebsen was married three times. He died in 2013. His exact net worth is unknown, but he died a multimillionaire.
Rich? Depends on how you define wealth. I put my money on Homer, Sr. and Elsie.
Buddy Ebsen, Promotional Photo, Circa 1928
Buddy Ebsen as the Tin Man
The Labor Day Hurricane of 1935
The 1935 Labor Day Hurricane is the strongest and most intense hurricane to make landfall in the United States and the Atlantic Basin in recorded history. The second tropical cyclone, second hurricane, and second major hurricane of the 1935 Atlantic hurricane season, the Labor Day Hurricane was the first of three Category 5 hurricanes at landfall that the United States endured during the 20th Century (the other two being 1969's Hurricane Camille and 1992's Hurricane Andrew). After forming as a weak tropical storm east of the Bahamas on August 29, it slowly proceeded westward and became a hurricane on September 1. Northeast storm warnings were ordered displayed Fort Pierce to Fort Myers in the September 1, 9:30 AM Weather Bureau advisory. Upon receipt of this advisory the U. S. Coast Guard Station, Miami, FL, sent a plane along the coast to advise boaters and campers of the impending danger by dropping message blocks. A second flight was made Sunday afternoon. All planes were placed in the hangar and its door closed at 10:00 AM Monday morning.
When Hemingway Took the Government to Task for a Hurricane Disaster that Cost Hundreds of Lives, Melissah J. Pawlikowski, 9-26-05, http://historynewsnetwork.org/article...
Soon after the clouds had cleared, leaving a crystal blue horizon, the dead were counted. Between 400 and 600 people perished. What made this storm all the more tragic was that among the dead were 265 World War I veterans. At the height of the Great Depression these veterans had been sent to build a road on the low lying islands of the Florida Keys as a part of the Public Works for Veterans programs. While working, they were housed in inadequate tent-like structures provided by the Roosevelt administration. When the National Weather Bureau issued warnings for a hurricane they were not evacuated.
|A particularly rambling and discursive "review" of Batman: Zero Hour|
Reading it cover to cover then was, for me, a weird mixture of nostalgia and regret, as DC has changed so much of what is in here in the years since. The Batman origins, of which there are three direct ones and a fourth, more thematic one, still work okay today, as DC and New 52 Batman writer Scott Snyder didn't mess much with his basic story, but the Catwoman and, especially, the Robin origins have been wiped-out and overwritten, replaced by...well, by nothing good (I still wonder about the whys of the New 52 reboot, and it seems like the point of collapsing DC's generations of heroes into a single "now" was simply all about making heroes like Batman, Superman and the others seem younger, something of rather dubious value; this collection ends with a pair of ten-year timelines, which would put Batman at maybe his early thirties...did someone with some power in corporate and/or editorial really think that was too old for the publisher's gray, gray readership to relate to?).
Also of interest was the fact that their was no introduction or preface explaining what the hell Zero Hour was*. All you get is a paragraph on the back cover:
Time is collapsing in on itself. The villainous Extant has ushered in a series of black holes that are swallowing the universe--past, present and future! The Bat-family, like everyone else in the DC Universe, has seen time loops affect their lives. The result? The return of Barbara Gordon as Batgirl, teenage Dick Grayson as Robin, and Bruce Wayne's parents, Thomas and Martha Wayne. Then, after the crisis in time has been averted, new details about the origins of Batman, Robin and Catwoman are revealed.I guess "time is going crazy, yo" is all you really need to know to make sense of the first half of the collection, but I think some context would have helped, particularly to explain what the #0 issues have to do with the anomaly issues. (DC has collected Zero Hour into a trade of its own, by the way, although looking at Amazon, it doesn't look like Zero Hour: Crisis In Time has been republished since 1994...is that possible? Well, the series was "controversial" among some for its treatment of Hal Jordan and the Justice Society of America and, I don't know, however many Hank Hall fans there still were in the wild back then, maybe, but I liked it a lot, and Geoff Johns gradually un-did everything everyone hated about it over the years in the pages of Green Lantern and JSA.)
This trade is almost 300 pages, and collects 11 issues, so it completely dwarfs Zero Hour, which is only 160 pages and collects the five-issue miniseries, plus two prelude-like shorts from the pages of Showcase '94. Though it represents six different ongoing monthlies, the Batman line at the time was still relatively tidy compared to what it is today; counting all the satellite books, I think we're at around a dozen titles, depending on which you want to consider Batman books and which you don't, in June of 2017.** Back then, Nightwing and Birds of Prey had yet to launch as ongoing monthlies.
In the "anomaly" half of the trade, there's an issue each of Batman, Detective, Batman: Shadow of The Bat, Robin and Catwoman, each by the current creative teams of the time, which means a lot of very familiar names among the writers, and a lot of great artists. For the most part, Zero Hour provided a pretty perfect springboard for tie-ins, as it was a crossover event that presented a world-wide crisis that would find the heroes wherever the heroes were, rather than necessitating them all actively participating in a plot-line of some sort (that active participation was done in the Zero Hour miniseries proper). So the writers and editors were basically free to play with the idea of "time is screwed up," and think of the best way to use that premise to tell interesting Batman stories.
In Batman, Dough Moench, Mike Manley and Josef Rubinstein had an alternate timeline occasionally over-writing the current one, so that a Batgirl Barbara Gordon appears, and Batman and Robin Tim Drake find themselves dealing with a different Joker who killed Commissioner Gordon instead of paralyzing Barbara during The Killing Joke, a Commissioner Harvey Dent and a very confused Barbara (this Batgirl seems to be a different one that the one that appears as a major player in Zero Hour; Batman's Batgirl is apparently from an alternate timeline, while Zero Hour's Batgirl is this timeline's Batgirl from before she retired). The issue ends with Batman heading to Metropolis to meet with Superman so they can begin to figure out how to fight this new crisis, and I believe it leads directly into the fairly awesome Superman: The Man of Steel #37, which technically came out of the Superman office, but was a pretty dynamite Batman comic book, as it involved Superman being barraged with different Batmen.
Man, I forgot how great Nolan's art was, and every time I see his pencils from this era I'm surprised anew regarding how clean his lines were and how elegant his figure work is. It really stands out next to the work of Manley and Bret Blevins, too, whose styles are somewhat similar, particularly in the way they draw their Batmen.
In Robin, Dixon, Tom Grummett and Ray Kryssing team Tim up with a young, time-lost Dick Grayson, previously seen prowling around the rooftops of Batman, where Manley drew him in a charmingly Sheldon Moldoff-esque design. The Boys Wonder crack a case involving a jewel thief, but the main pleasure here is seeing the two together, allowing us to compare and contrast them (post-Flashpoint, Tim was unfortunately given a more Grayson-like background; I liked the fact that, back then, the two Robins had very, very different specialties, even though they were both competent at all-around vigilante crime-fighting and side-kicking). Well, that and seeing Grummett draw the classic Robin costume, which dammit, is a pretty great design, pants or no. This issue, like the one of Catwoman that follows, ends with the panels and art on the comic book being un-drawn as everything fades to white; this happened in many of the Zero Hour tie-ins. As Extant and Parallax un-made the DC Universe, the comic book stories were apparently fading away right before our very eyes!
Finally, in Catwoman, Jo Duffy, Jim Balent and Bob Smith have Selina Kyle waking up to find a Gotham City gone mad. There's a saber tooth tiger in her bed, and a hunky "caveman" who looks more like Ka-Zar than a primitive human ancestor in her living room. They run around the city, which is full of dinosaurs and randomly transforming vehicles and buildings until the issue disappears at the end. This isn't Balent at his best quite yet, but he's good, and, as I know I've mentioned before, it's easy to forget that the guy could draw pretty good superhero comics, given the peculiarities of the creator-owned project he's devoted his career too since.
At this point, I guess one would need to go read Zero Hour or, at least know that Superman, Damage, Green Arrow Oliver Queen and a handful of other superheroes defeated Parallax and re-created the Big Bang, essentially restarting the universe, with a few tweaks in coninuity...for the purposes of the Batman family of books, these were all pretty minor, and seemed more organizational than anything else. Batman, by the way, did not make it to the climax of Zero Hour, having been eaten by a white blackhole of nothingness while fighting dinosaurs or something in Gotham.
These issues are all leading up to the next chapter of the Batman saga, which was "Prodigal," during which Dick Grayson temporarily assumed the role of Batman while Bruce Wayne went off on a mysterious "Sumatran Rat" adventure.
Shadow of the Bat #0 covered much the same ground as Batman, with Alan Grant and Bret Blevins also retelling Batman's origin, hitting a lot of the same notes. In the present, he is trying to capture a pair of thieves who are both pretty great fighters, during which time he scares a gang of young punks into hiding; knowing his reputation, they debate about what to do if they have Batman's attention, unaware of the fact that rather laying siege to them he's blocks away on more important business. The flashback sequences may cover much of the same ground, but there is a slight difference in focus, I guess, playing up Batman's fighting skills and use of fear as a psychological weapon. In another teaser to "Prodigal," the penultimate page has Bruce Wayne considering the fact that there are things that being Batman has prevented him from doing, but he knows the city needs a Batman. The last page features someone suiting up as Batman, but the language is intentionally vague: "A hand reaches for the costume," and like that.
The artist who contributes the most, however, is Vince Giarrano, whose work I like quite a bit. I know I've mentioned him on the blog, before, but if you're unfamiliar, Giarrano worked in a highly-exaggerated, almost Kelley Jones-like style that I like to think of as "sarcastic '90s," with huge, overly-muscled, heroic figures with lots of unnecessary lines, lots of points and melodramatic poses that, like the work of Jones, can teeter between operatic and ridiculous.
This issue, by the way, features a cover by some kid named Joe Quesada.
For Robin #0, the regular creative team has Robin and Nightwing hanging out on a rooftop, waiting for a group of thieves to finish blow-torching their way through a safe in order to bust them. While killing time, Tim asks Dick about how he became Robin, and they essentially swap stories about their origins--and that of the late Jason Todd. They both know the broad strokes--Dick was even a key player in Tim's origin story--but not the details, as at this point in Bat-history Dick was more-or-less estranged from Batman, and had been spending most of his time with the Titans. This was between "KnightsEnd," in which Dick joined Bruce, Tim and even Catwoman in retaking the mantle of the bat from Jean-Paul Valley, and the aforementioned "Prodigal," when Dick Grayson was returning to the Batman Family fold, eventually getting his own, ongoing book for the first time.
Almost none of this issue are relevant anymore--I guess Dick's origin and Jason's origin still "happened," although they were dressed dumber in the new version and they weren't Robin longer than a year or so, and Tim's origin was completely erased and replaced. It was a nice jumping-on point in 1994 though, providing a brief history of Robin--or Robins--and setting up the Dick/Tim partnership that would be the focus of "Prodigal"...which this issue actually ends with a direct prelude to, with Dick suiting up as Batman to temporarily replace Bruce (for the first time; he would, of course, also do so when Bruce Wayne was temporarily dead-ish around the time of Final Crisis).
Because the previous issue was the end of Jo Duffy short-ish 14-issue run on Catwoman, regular pencil artist Balent and inker Bob Smith are joined by Doug Moench for Catwoman #0, after which point Dixon would inherit writing duties for a while. Moench, as was typical then, works a theme throughout the issue, comparing Selina to a cat in various ways throughout this story of her troubled childhood, some relatively subtle, some as subtle as a frying pan over the head. We learn that her mother died when she was young (after pushing her to devote herself to gymnastics), her father drank himself to death shortly after and she ended up in a typically Gotham corrupt orphanage for troubled young girls, where she taught herself rooftop climbing, thievery and overall sneakiness. There are a few scenes that seem to reference her role in "Batman: Year One," although rather than being an actual prostitute, Moench implies that it was just another form of thievery, wherein johns would hire her as prostitute and she would just mug them immediately, because they were bad guys anyway. Inspired by Batman's costume, she put on her gray, "Year One" costume and becomes a more spectacular cat burglar (That is one of my favorite Catwoman costumes from the comics, by the way). Most of the attention is paid to her childhood in the orphanage, though.
I'm not sure how much of this is relevant anymore though; both Jeph Loeb's Year One-era stories and Batman Eternal gave Catwoman biological fathers who were actually crime kingpins (but different ones at that), and while that doesn't necessarily negate this origin, I've seen just enough of the post-Flashpoint Catwoman to know her childhood was different there than it is here (Fun fact: This run lasted 96 issues, counting #0 and #1,000,000; the 2000 series lasted 82 issues; the New 52 series only lasted 53 issues). I suppose I should really set about tracking down various Catwoman origin stories that I've never read at some point, to try to make sense of the different takes on the character...that, or I guess I could just wait for Tim Hanley's next book.
It ends with the two timelines I mentioned, although I'm not sure where they originally appeared. The first is titled "Batman Timeline," and it spans ten years. The first three years all produced comic book stories with those names--"Year One," "Year Two" and "Year Three"--and while it's a pretty compressed timeline, it seems to hold up okay (Dick was only Robin for three years according to this time, which doesn't seem too terribly long, really; while Barbara retired from being Batgirl after just three years; two of which were after Dick took on his Nightwing persona). "Year 10" was a very busy one, staring with "Jean Paul Valley becomes Azrael," which means the miniseries Batman: Sword of Azrael, and contains "Knightfall," "KnightQest," "KnightsEnd," "Prodigal," "Troika," "Contagion" and "Legacy."
That's followed immediately by a "Batman Villains Timeline" which starts in 1921 with the creation of Arkham Asylum, and then runs through the same ten-year timeline, ending with the events of "Cataclysm" in "Year 10." I'm kind of curious what "year" it would be sans reboot, if we factored in "No Man's Land" and Damian's three years as Robin and so on...I think we would be in Year 15 or Year 16 now, although that seems mostly a matter of the ten-year-old Damian celebrating his 13th birthday in DC Universe: Rebirth. If Talia met Bruce in Year Three, and they had a ten-year-old son by the time "Batman and Son" rolled around, then that would have been Year 13, and then it's been another three years since then. Again, if Flashpoint and the New 52-boot never happened. Now it's Year Eight, and all of the events of the decade represented on these timelines supposedly happened in drastically different form during Years One through Five.
While reading this, I began wondering if DC would bother collecting any other tie-ins from the Zero Hour event, and I consulted Wikipedia to see just how many of the damn things there were. (It's a lot!)
A Superman: Zero Hour would certainly be the next easiest, as there were then six titles in that particular franchise: Superman, Action Comics, Adventures of Superman, Superman: The Man of Steel, Superboy and Steel.
A Justice League: Zero Hour title would also be relatively easy, as there were then three League titles: Justice League America, Justice League International and Justice League Task Force. I guess they could fill that out with...well, hell, I guess here it gets tricky, huh? They could use solo titles featuring characters from those line-ups, like The Flash, The Ray, Wonder Woman and Guy Gardner: Warrior...? I'm actually a little surprised to see that there were three Legion of Super-Heroes-related titles going into the event, so maybe they could do a Justice League/Legion of Super-Heroes: Zero Hour collection, and include the relevant issues of Legion of Super-Heroes, Legionnaires and LEGION '94...?
Or, given that none of those Leagues are really remembered at this point, and have been rebooted away anyway, maybe a theoretical Justice League: Zero Hour trade would include the big, non-Superman, non-Batman DC superheroes that we tend to think of as Justice Leaguers, whether or not they were on a League roster in 1994 or not: Aquaman, Wonder Woman, The Flash, Green Lantern, Green Arrow, Hawkman and...Oh, that's all of the solo titles featuring long-time Leaguers. Unless you put Guy Gardner: Warrior in this theoretical collection...?
Looking at the complete list, its interesting to see the participating title that have long since disappeared (Damage, Anima, Valor, Team Titans, et cetera), and the handful of books that launched following the conclusion of Zero Hour during "Zero Month" (Fate, Manhunter, Primal Force), only one of which really caught on (Starman).
I also really dug the post-Zero Hour line-up of New Titans; while all of those individual comics weren't great, I loved that particular line-up, and the way it allowed many of the original New Teen Titans line-up to have their endings while carrying on with a rather weird line-up of young heroes from throughout the DC Universe at the time. Sadly, it didn't last too long (18 issues; which I would totally buy a collection of, as I still don't have all of the individual issues from this run).
*Which is weird, I think. I guess they wanted to keep costs down, but would spending a single page on an introduction instead of a house ad really have broken the bank? They didn't have to get a Batman line editor from back in the day or Zero Hour writer Dan Jurgens or Doug Moench or someone to write it. Maybe DC has an intern who they could have assigned it to? Hell, I woulda written it for ten bucks and a free copy of the trade. Oh, you know what? If you need more context on Zero Hour, this is a pretty fun way to learn more about it!
**Batman, Detective Comics, All-Star Batman, Nightwing, Batgirl, Batgirl and The Birds of Prey, Batwoman and Batman Beyond, sure; what about the Gotham-set Gotham Academy, and does Trinity or Red Hood and The Outlaws or Super Sons count? How about Harley Quinn...?
|17 'facts' about space and Earth that you thought were true â but have been debunked by science||
Whenever someone asks me about outer space, I get animated.
No surprise there. I've made a living speaking to experts and writing about it for more than a decade, and I've read obsessively on the topic for much longer than that.
I've heard a lot of peculiar "facts" over the years — and even believed and shared a few myself — that I eventually learned were false.
Here are some of the most common myths, misconceptions, and inaccuracies I've encountered that should be thrown into a black hole.
MYTH: The sun is yellow.
You'd be forgiven for thinking the afternoon sun looks yellow — but the light it gives off is technically white.
The Earth's atmosphere makes the star appear yellow. The gases bend the light in an effect called Rayleigh scattering, which is what also makes the sky appear blue and causes sunsets to blaze into brilliant oranges and reds.
It also doesn't help that astronomers classify the sun as a yellow main-sequence G-type star, or "yellow dwarf" — which has nothing to do with color.
MYTH: The asteroid belt is dangerous.
Movie scenes of spaceships flying through a dense field of tumbling, colliding rocks are not realistic.
The asteroid belt — a zone 200 million to 300 million miles from the sun — is an incredibly lonely and desolate void.
In fact, if you pulled all the asteroids in that belt together, they'd be only about 4% of the mass of Earth's moon.
That's why NASA gets excited when it catches even one asteroid colliding with another.
MYTH: Going into space makes you weightless.
Most scientists agree that space begins 62 miles up, where the Earth's atmosphere is more or less a vacuum.
Yet going past this point does not magically make you weightless. If you were in an accelerating rocket, you would feel many times Earth's gravity. It's only when you start falling that you'd feel weightless.
To orbit something is to fall forever around that object. The moon around the Earth, the Earth around the sun, the solar system around the Milky Way — they're all falling toward one another in a crazy cosmic dance.
If you were 250 miles above the Earth, you'd have to travel 17,500 mph around the planet to experience continuous free-fall — the same speed as the International Space Station and its inhabitants.
See the rest of the story at Business Insider
|Denmark stakes claim to oil-rich North Pole||
Denmark has claimed the North Pole. On Monday, the European nation delivered an official claim to a United Nations council in New York, part of a the race to own the Arctic that includes Norway, Canada and Russia.
Five nations including Denmark, the U.S., Canada, Russia and Norway are vying for claim over the North Pole. At present, all five countriesâ claims to the Arctic Circle end approximately 200 nautical miles off their shorelines. These countries have been diligently mapping the ocean floor over the past decade to solidify their claims to the North Pole.
Each country must submit a claim to the Arctic within ten years of ratifying the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The United Nations considers claims based on the extent of the continental shelf from the nationâs coast.
But early data suggests that Greenland, a Danish autonomous territory, may give Denmark the strongest claim to the North Pole. A study found that Lomonosov Ridge, a 1,118 mile-long underwater mountain range that extends off the coast of Canada to the waters above eastern Siberia, is connected to Greenland. This would make approximately 347,492 square miles of ocean off the coast of Greenland Danish territory.
âThe submission of our claim to the continental shelf north of Greenland is a historic and important milestone for the Kingdom of Denmark. The objective of this huge project is to define the outer limits of our continental shelf and thereby â ultimately â of the Kingdom of Denmark. It has been a process characterised by the very good cooperation not only between authorities within the Kingdom of Denmark but also with our Arctic neighbours,â Martin Lidegaard, the Danish minister for foreign affairs, said in a statement.
Denmark has submitted claims over five areas through the Arctic since ratifying the convention in 2004.
The claim would give Denmark control of potential oil and natural gas resources below the Arctic. A U.S. Geological Survey study in 2008 found that potentially 90 billion barrels of oil and 44 billion barrels of natural gas liquids are hiding under the unclaimed Arctic.
Last December, Canadian foreign affairs minister John Baird announced that Canada would submit a claim to the extended sea shelf off its coast. In 2007, Russia sparked international controversy by staking a flag in the sea floor under the North Pole.
|Australiaâs Bureau of Meteorology Caught Erasing Record Low Temperatures|
|Weather Station at the England Run Branch|
Area residents have a new way to learn the strength of that last wind gust or how much rain fell during a recent downpour. The Central Rappahannock Regional Library system has a weather station located at its England Run branch in Stafford County! Anyone can view current temperature and humidity on the England Run branch page or get historical weather data for the past week or months by clicking through to the wunderground.com page for our location. Information is also shared with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) as part of their Citizen Weather Observer Program for use in their weather prediction models.
|NOAA Allows Quota Carryovers into 2013 Fishing Year||Depending on your point of view, it could be good news for fishermen. NOAA is allowing fishermen to carry over 10% of any unused quotas from the 2012 fishing year into the 2013 fishing year.
Jim Kendall, President of New Bedford Seafood Consulting sees it differently, since lousy weather over the past few months has prevented many fishermen from reaching their allocations...
Rumpun Pemuda Wajo merupakan organisasi yang berkdudukan di kabupaten Wajo ,Sulawesi Selatan . Organisasi ini digagas sejak tanggal 21 September 2011 dimana pada saat itu sudah banyak organisasi kepemudaan yang bermunculan sehingga seorang remaja lulusan SMA Negeri 3 Sengkang yang sejak awalnya ingin terus aktif diorganisasi bingun harus bergabung ke organisasi mana , karna pada saat itu banyak problematika yang dihadapi oleh beberapa organisasi dimana organisasi kepemudaan sudah mulai kehilangan esensinya sebagai media pengembangan yang relefan , banyak organisasi yang menjadi tunggangan untuk mewujudkan kepentingan -kepentingan kaum tertentu, sehingga dilematis yang dihadapi oleh AMRAN menjadi semangat awal untuk membentuk media kepemudaan dengan harapan dapat menjunjung tinggi esensi dan ekstensi oganisasi kepemudaan dan dapat menciptakan media media pengembangan kepemudaan yang tidak hanya berprospek kepada kekaderan namun bisa memuat semua aspek , baik dari sisi edukatif,rekreatif,akademistik, aktualisasi dan innovasi serta kreatif pemuda dalam membangun masyarakat adil makmur demi keberlansungan kehidupan bangsa Indonesia .
Oraganisasi yang sekarang dikenal sebagai Rumpun Pemuda Wajo (RPW) awalnya bernama ALIANSI PEMUDA WAJO (APW) yang setelah diadakan rapat pertama pada tanggal 22 Desember 2011 ALIANSI PEMUDA WAJO berganti nama menjadi RUMPUN PEMUDA WAJO (RPW) dari pada tanggal 2 Februari 2012 Resmi terdaftar di BADAN KESATUAN BANGSA dan POLITIK (KESBANG) dengan Ketua : AMRAN ,W.Ketua : Muh.Miftahul Ulum ,Sekertaris : Gita Wulandari dan Bendahara : Rismayanti , dan terdiri 6 Bidang kordinasi kerja .
Dalam pergerakan untuk membentuk Organisasi Rumpun Pemuda Wajo (RPW) AMRAN yang hanya merupakan seorang pemuda umur 17 Tahun yang belum punya bekal banyak dalam menghadapi problematika yang sehingga mengalami sepak terjal yang sangat keras namun karna semangat dan dorongan untuk mengawali sebuah perubahan membawa AMRAN bertemu dan merangkul kembali teman-teman masa SMAnya yang waktu itu baru saja lulus dari SMA pada awalnya AMRAN hanya bertemu bersama seorang temanya yang merupakan teman sekelas dimasa SMA yang pindah dari UNHAS ke STIA PRIMA yaitu MUH.MIGTAHUL ULUM ( ULUM) kemudian dalam perkembanganya AMRAN bersama ULUM mulai mensosialisasikan pemikiranya kepada beberapa teman -temanya dikampus, dalam berkat kerja keras akhirnya bergabung beberapa nama yaitu Murannim,Andi Ahmad Fauzi, M.Khaerul,Heriadi,Andi Iqbal,Adi Sahwan ,Gita Wulandari,Rismayanti,Nirnawati,Fatimah Sohra,Firdaya,Sri Wahyuni kemudian diawal pertemuan mereka membahas pembentukan AD dan ART organisasi dan bagaimana pengaturan teknis organisasi sehingga saat itu diputuskan beberapa subtansi yang sekarang termuat jelas dalam AD da ART Rumpun Pemuda Wajo dan Buku Besar RPW .
Belum Cukup sampai disitu ,perjungan para pengagas berdirinya Rumpun Pemuda Wajo terus bergerak untuk medeglarasikan diri , namun cara mereka mendeglarasikan diri bukan dalam bentuk acara seremonial dan pengumpulan massa lainya melainkan dalam bentuk kegiatan lansung di Masyarakat seperti Baksi Sosial , Kegiatan Pagelaran Seni ,dan Aksi Bersih kemudian setelah mlai dikenal mesyarakat barulah Rumpun Pemuda Wajo melakukan kegiatan penkaderan yang disebut "BINA MUDA" dengan jumlah peserta 41 orang dari kalangan SMP,SMA dan Mahasiswa . selepas itu , perjungan RPW tidak sampai disitu melainkan lebih mejalar dengan berbagai kegiatan kekaderan dan bakti masyarakat sering dilakukan , dan dengan semangat dan kesungguhan pada pengagas dan kadernya hingga diumur Rumpun Pemuda Wajo yang ke- 8 Bulan , yang sudah melaksanakan berbagai kegiatan nyata memberikan dampak positif terhadap perkembanganya dimana nama Rumpun Pemuda Wajo sudah familiar di telingah kaum pemuda dan toko pemimpin di Kabupaten Wajo .
Selain junjungan rasa nasionalisme yang membuat nama dan semangat selalu ada , independensi organisasi yang dijunjung tinggi oleh para kadernya juga membuat Rumpun Pemuda Wajo semakin tegak bergerak dalam mengibarkan panji-panji kebenaran dan membawa kesejatraan bagi masyarakat khususnya pada ranah kabupaten Wajo.
dan setelah selesainya bina muda rumpun Pemuda Wajo yang pertama ,dengan ridho dan rahmat dari Allah Swt sehingga beberpa media pengembangan pemuda sudah resmi terbentuk dan melaksanakan beberapa kegiatan yang sangat diapresiasi oleh masyarakat wajo seperti
A. SAMUDRA RPW ( Sanggar Pemuda Raya)
Sanggar Pemuda Raya ini bertugas atau memiliki wewenang dalam pengembangan bakat dan minat dibidang Seni Musik,Tari Tradisional ,Dance ,Sulap .dan pada saat ini sudah resmi dan berdiri pengurus masing-masing sub.manajement yakni , Manajement Tari , Manajement Sulap, Manajement Dance dan Manajement Musik dan ke empat manajement tersebut sudah berjalan . dan telah melaksanakan kegiatan pentas seni ,dll
B. POLA RPW (Pemuda Pecinta Olahraga ) ini merupakan media pengembangan bakad dan minat dibidang Olahraga dan mencakup semua jenis olahraga .
3. Bidang pengembangan akademik,
Bidang pengembangan akademik merupakan bidang yang khusus pelaksana kegiatan
yang berhubungan dengan pengembangan akademik pemuda .
didalam bidang ini terdapat Manajemen
Lembaga Pers Pemuda LPP ,yang menjadi media pengembangan seluruh pemuda terhadap Ilmu Kejurnalistikan dan pertelevisian dengan beberapa program kegiatan yang menjadi acuan kerjanya ,dinataranya Pelatiahn Jurnalis dan Film serta lain sebagainya.dan kegiatan yang telah terlaksana yaitu pembuatan film mangankat wajo .
4. Bidang Ketakwaan terhadap Tuhan Yang Maha Esa
Bidang ini khusus dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan âkegiatan keagamaan dan pengembangan emosional Spiritual Kader
5. Bidang Bina Muda ,Bidang Bina Muda merupakan bidang bertugas dalam kelanjutan kaderisasi kepemudaan dalam membentuk kader-kader pemuda yang militan .
6. Bidang Keterampilan dan Kewirausahaan
Bidang ini bertugas dalam pengolaan sumber daya manusia dan alam dimana dalam bidang ini terdapat beberapa program kerja yang mengacu pada pembinaan generasi muda terhadap bidang kewirausahaan dan keterampilan ,diantara pelatihan kewirausahaan ,pemberian modal usaha dan terdapat juga manajemen yaitu
DâART Creatif, ini merupakan media penyaluran bakat pemuda dalam berkreasi dan menjadi produktif contohnya pengembangan keterampilan pembuatan Kerajinan tangan berupa sovenir, penawaran jasa-jasa seperti service ,Event Organiser ( pelayanan EO yang pertama dilaksanakan bekerja sama dengan salah satu produk susu ternama di Indonesia )
Yang menjadi kerang utama dalam pembentukan Rumpun Pemuda Wajo tidak lain dalam menciptakan Kader-ader yang tidak hanya mampu hanya pada ilmu-ilmu tertentu melainkan mampu pada semua ilmu baik itu Teoritis ,Praktis dan produktif dan mampu menjadi penerus
dan pada akhirnya sebagai cita-cita dan harapan AMRAN diawal pembentukan Rumpun Pemuda Wajo (RPW) agar pemuda dapat berkompeten dalam mebangun negeri .dan mengutamakan keseimbangan terhadap kader-kader agar tidak hanya menghasilkan kader dalam bentuk kuantitas melainkan kualitas pula .
Sekian sejarah singkat berdirinya Rumpun Pemuda Wajo (RPW ) segala muatan dalam tulisan ini tertuang dan lengkap terdapat pada buku besar dan diatur dalam AD-ART , untuk pendaftaran Pengembangan Bakat dan Minat , silahkan berkunjung di Sekertarian Jl.Andi Koro No.136 A Sengkang kab.Wajo ,Pos 90911
Mohon maaf jika dalam tulisan ini terdapat kata yang salah atau menyinggung , dengan segala hormat saya mengharapkan kritikan dan saran dan semua teman-teman pembaca .
semoga yang menjadi tujuan awal kita dapat tercapai dengan ridho dari Allah SWt Amin,Amin ,Amin .
Sekian Wassalamu alaikum Wr.Wb
|SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 445||WW 445 SEVERE TSTM IA IL WI LM 101945Z - 110200Z
URGENT - IMMEDIATE BROADCAST REQUESTED Severe Thunderstorm Watch Number 445 NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 245 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 The NWS Storm Prediction Center has issued a * Severe Thunderstorm Watch for portions of Eastern Iowa Northern Illinois Southeast Wisconsin Lake Michigan * Effective this Thursday afternoon and evening from 245 PM until 900 PM CDT. * Primary threats include... Isolated damaging wind gusts to 70 mph possible Isolated large hail events to 1.5 inches in diameter possible SUMMARY...Isolated to scattered storms -- capable of producing locally damaging winds and large hail -- will continue moving east across the watch area this afternoon and early this evening. The severe thunderstorm watch area is approximately along and 55 statute miles east and west of a line from 20 miles west northwest of Manitowoc WI to 45 miles east southeast of Moline IL. For a complete depiction of the watch see the associated watch outline update (WOUS64 KWNS WOU5). PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... REMEMBER...A Severe Thunderstorm Watch means conditions are favorable for severe thunderstorms in and close to the watch area. Persons in these areas should be on the lookout for threatening weather conditions and listen for later statements and possible warnings. Severe thunderstorms can and occasionally do produce tornadoes. && OTHER WATCH INFORMATION...CONTINUE...WW 443...WW 444... AVIATION...A few severe thunderstorms with hail surface and aloft to 1.5 inches. Extreme turbulence and surface wind gusts to 60 knots. A few cumulonimbi with maximum tops to 500. Mean storm motion vector 27035. ...GossRead more
|SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 444||WW 444 SEVERE TSTM KS 101925Z - 110200Z
URGENT - IMMEDIATE BROADCAST REQUESTED Severe Thunderstorm Watch Number 444 NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 225 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 The NWS Storm Prediction Center has issued a * Severe Thunderstorm Watch for portions of Portions of western and central Kansas * Effective this Thursday afternoon and evening from 225 PM until 900 PM CDT. * Primary threats include... Isolated very large hail events to 3 inches in diameter possible Isolated damaging wind gusts to 70 mph possible SUMMARY...Isolated severe storms across portions of northwest Kansas should continue moving southeast across the watch area this afternoon, with some upscale/linear growth possible. Large hail and locally damaging winds will accompany the strongest storms into the evening hours. The severe thunderstorm watch area is approximately along and 60 statute miles north and south of a line from 45 miles west southwest of Hill City KS to 30 miles east northeast of Hutchinson KS. For a complete depiction of the watch see the associated watch outline update (WOUS64 KWNS WOU4). PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... REMEMBER...A Severe Thunderstorm Watch means conditions are favorable for severe thunderstorms in and close to the watch area. Persons in these areas should be on the lookout for threatening weather conditions and listen for later statements and possible warnings. Severe thunderstorms can and occasionally do produce tornadoes. && OTHER WATCH INFORMATION...CONTINUE...WW 443... AVIATION...A few severe thunderstorms with hail surface and aloft to 3 inches. Extreme turbulence and surface wind gusts to 60 knots. A few cumulonimbi with maximum tops to 500. Mean storm motion vector 30035. ...GossRead more
|SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 443||WW 443 SEVERE TSTM KS OK 101905Z - 110200Z
URGENT - IMMEDIATE BROADCAST REQUESTED Severe Thunderstorm Watch Number 443 NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 205 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 The NWS Storm Prediction Center has issued a * Severe Thunderstorm Watch for portions of Portions of south-central Kansas Parts of western and central Oklahoma * Effective this Thursday afternoon and evening from 205 PM until 900 PM CDT. * Primary threats include... Scattered damaging wind gusts to 70 mph possible Isolated very large hail events to 2 inches in diameter possible SUMMARY...Thunderstorms ongoing across parts of northwest Oklahoma and adjacent southern Kansas are forecast to increase in coverage and spread east-southeast across the watch area over the next several hours, with attendant risks for locally damaging winds and hail. The severe thunderstorm watch area is approximately along and 70 statute miles either side of a line from 10 miles north northwest of Gage OK to 30 miles east of Chandler OK. For a complete depiction of the watch see the associated watch outline update (WOUS64 KWNS WOU3). PRECAUTIONARY/PREPAREDNESS ACTIONS... REMEMBER...A Severe Thunderstorm Watch means conditions are favorable for severe thunderstorms in and close to the watch area. Persons in these areas should be on the lookout for threatening weather conditions and listen for later statements and possible warnings. Severe thunderstorms can and occasionally do produce tornadoes. && AVIATION...A few severe thunderstorms with hail surface and aloft to 2 inches. Extreme turbulence and surface wind gusts to 60 knots. A few cumulonimbi with maximum tops to 500. Mean storm motion vector 29035. ...GossRead more
|SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 445 Status Reports||WW 0445 Status Updates
STATUS REPORT ON WW 445 THE SEVERE WEATHER THREAT CONTINUES ACROSS THE ENTIRE WATCH AREA. ..MOSIER..08/10/17 ATTN...WFO...DVN...LOT...GRB...MKX... STATUS REPORT FOR WS 445 SEVERE WEATHER THREAT CONTINUES FOR THE FOLLOWING AREAS ILC007-011-015-031-037-043-063-073-085-089-093-097-099-103-111- 131-141-155-161-177-195-197-201-102140- IL . ILLINOIS COUNTIES INCLUDED ARE BOONE BUREAU CARROLL COOK DE KALB DUPAGE GRUNDY HENRY JO DAVIESS KANE KENDALL LAKE LA SALLE LEE MCHENRY MERCER OGLE PUTNAM ROCK ISLAND STEPHENSON WHITESIDE WILL WINNEBAGO IAC031-045-097-139-163-102140- IA . IOWA COUNTIES INCLUDED ARE CEDAR CLINTON JACKSON MUSCATINE SCOTT WIC015-021-025-027-039-045-047-055-059-071-079-089-101-105-117-Read more
|SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 444 Status Reports||WW 0444 Status Updates
STATUS REPORT ON WW 444 THE SEVERE WEATHER THREAT CONTINUES ACROSS THE ENTIRE WATCH AREA. ..MOSIER..08/10/17 ATTN...WFO...ICT...TOP...DDC...GLD...GID... STATUS REPORT FOR WS 444 SEVERE WEATHER THREAT CONTINUES FOR THE FOLLOWING AREAS KSC009-027-029-041-051-053-063-065-079-095-101-105-109-113-115- 123-135-141-143-145-151-155-159-163-165-167-169-171-173-185-195- 203-102140- KS . KANSAS COUNTIES INCLUDED ARE BARTON CLAY CLOUD DICKINSON ELLIS ELLSWORTH GOVE GRAHAM HARVEY KINGMAN LANE LINCOLN LOGAN MCPHERSON MARION MITCHELL NESS OSBORNE OTTAWA PAWNEE PRATT RENO RICE ROOKS RUSH RUSSELL SALINE SCOTT SEDGWICK STAFFORD TREGO WICHITA THE WATCH STATUS MESSAGE IS FOR GUIDANCE PURPOSES ONLY. PLEASE REFER TO WATCH COUNTY NOTIFICATION STATEMENTS FOR OFFICIAL INFORMATION ON COUNTIES...INDEPENDENT CITIES AND MARINE ZONES CLEARED FROM SEVERE THUNDERSTORM AND TORNADO WATCHES.Read more
|SPC Severe Thunderstorm Watch 443 Status Reports||WW 0443 Status Updates
STATUS REPORT ON WW 443 THE SEVERE WEATHER THREAT CONTINUES ACROSS THE ENTIRE WATCH AREA. ..MOSIER..08/10/17 ATTN...WFO...DDC...ICT...OUN...TSA... STATUS REPORT FOR WS 443 SEVERE WEATHER THREAT CONTINUES FOR THE FOLLOWING AREAS KSC007-033-077-191-102140- KS . KANSAS COUNTIES INCLUDED ARE BARBER COMANCHE HARPER SUMNER OKC003-009-011-015-017-027-037-039-043-045-047-051-053-055-059- 063-071-073-075-081-083-087-093-103-107-109-113-117-119-125-129- 133-149-151-153-102140- OK . OKLAHOMA COUNTIES INCLUDED ARE ALFALFA BECKHAM BLAINE CADDO CANADIAN CLEVELAND CREEK CUSTER DEWEY ELLIS GARFIELD GRADY GRANT GREER HARPER HUGHES KAY KINGFISHER KIOWA LINCOLN LOGAN MCCLAIN MAJOR NOBLE OKFUSKEE OKLAHOMA OSAGE PAWNEE PAYNE POTTAWATOMIERead more
|SPC MD 1467||MD 1467 CONCERNING SEVERE POTENTIAL...WATCH POSSIBLE FOR SOUTHERN WI...FAR EASTERN IA...NORTHWEST IL
Mesoscale Discussion 1467 NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 0207 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 Areas affected...Southern WI...Far Eastern IA...Northwest IL Concerning...Severe potential...Watch possible Valid 101907Z - 102100Z Probability of Watch Issuance...40 percent SUMMARY...Increased storm coverage is anticipated over the next few hours with some hail and damaging wind gusts possible. Trends will be monitored for potential watch issuance. DISCUSSION...Latest surface analysis places an eastward-progressing cold front from near LNR (in southwest WI) southwestward to CID (in east-central IA), continuing southwestward into the central Plains. Thunderstorms have recently developed along the leading edge of this frontal zone over east-central IA. Lift along the front is being augmented by increased large-scale forcing for ascent attendant to the shortwave trough moving through WI. Thunderstorm coverage is expected to increase over the next few hours as this increase forcing for ascent interacts with the destabilizing airmass over the region. Some increase in the intensity of these storms is possible as well, largely supported by increased bulk shear resulting from the stronger mid-level flow attendant to the shortwave trough. The linear forcing along the cold front and veered surface winds favor a quick transition to a linear mode. Additionally, long, predominately straight hodographs suggest both left and right splits could have some longevity if they can remain discrete. However, close storm proximity will result in frequent storm interactions and a largely linear or cell-in-cluster mode. Hail and damaging wind gusts are possible with the strongest storms and convective trends will be monitored closely for possible watch issuance. ..Mosier/Goss.. 08/10/2017 ...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov for graphic product... ATTN...WFO...LOT...ILX...MKX...DVN...ARX... LAT...LON 42479073 42909010 43308932 43028854 41988863 40808986 40539096 41099196 42479073Read more
|SPC MD 1466||MD 1466 CONCERNING SEVERE POTENTIAL...WATCH POSSIBLE FOR NORTHWEST INTO CENTRAL KS
Mesoscale Discussion 1466 NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 0158 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 Areas affected...Northwest into central KS Concerning...Severe potential...Watch possible Valid 101858Z - 102100Z Probability of Watch Issuance...60 percent SUMMARY...At least isolated severe storms capable of hail or wind are expected throughout the day. One or two of the cells could produce large amounts of hail. DISCUSSION...Isolated severe storms with large hail threat persist along the front across northwest KS. Severe wind gusts were also measured recently in Sheridan county KS where the largest storm continues to develop southeastward. Surface analysis shows outflow has temporarily stabilized much of western and southwestern KS with that surge now expanding into OK. Some influence from this outflow may affect areas downstream of the ongoing northwest KS storms. However, a corridor of undisturbed air exists across north central KS, where surface winds remain light out of the southeast. Given the long-lived nature of the Sheridan county storm, and hodographs that are quite favorable for a prolific hail storm (characterized by a deep layer of low-level easterlies beneath increasing westerlies aloft), a small watch ahead of this activity may be needed. ..Jewell/Goss.. 08/10/2017 ...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov for graphic product... ATTN...WFO...TSA...ICT...OUN...DDC...AMA... LAT...LON 34789731 34909899 35019996 35500072 35960070 36300046 36709967 37059867 37389804 37489748 37399708 37079694 35029676 34789731Read more
|SPC MD 1465||MD 1465 CONCERNING SEVERE POTENTIAL...WATCH LIKELY FOR MUCH OF WESTERN INTO CENTRAL OK...EASTERN TX PANHANDLE...FAR SOUTH CENTRAL KS
Mesoscale Discussion 1465 NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 0142 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 Areas affected...Much of western into central OK...eastern TX Panhandle...far south central KS Concerning...Severe potential...Watch likely Valid 101842Z - 102045Z Probability of Watch Issuance...80 percent SUMMARY...Storms are expected to increase in coverage this afternoon, with large hail and damaging winds possible. DISCUSSION...An outflow boundary continues eastward into south central KS, extending southwestward across far northwestern OK and into the eastern TX Panhandle. An isolated severe storm currently exists along this boundary into the eastern OK Panhandle, with large hail likely. Additional storms are likely along this outflow as the air mass continues to destabilize. Strong heating will persist over western OK, and surface obs show lower 70s F dewpoints and southeasterly winds across central OK. Tall, moist CAPE profiles with precipitable water values approaching 1.75" along with sufficiently long hodographs will favor southeastward-propagating cells and/or bows capable of damaging hail or wind. ..Jewell/Goss.. 08/10/2017 ...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov for graphic product... ATTN...WFO...TSA...ICT...OUN...DDC...AMA... LAT...LON 34789731 34909899 35019996 35500072 35960070 36300046 36709967 37059867 37389804 37489748 37399708 37079694 35029676 34789731Read more
|SPC Aug 10, 2017 1630 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook||SPC 1630Z Day 1 Outlook
Day 1 Convective Outlook NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 1131 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 Valid 101630Z - 111200Z ...THERE IS AN ENHANCED RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS FROM SOUTHWEST KANSAS AND PORTIONS OF THE OKLAHOMA AND TEXAS PANHANDLES INTO NORTHWEST OKLAHOMA... ...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS SURROUNDING THE ENHANCED RISK AREA... ...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PARTS OF SOUTHEAST WISCONSIN...SOUTHWEST ACROSS NORTHWEST ILLINOIS AND FAR EASTERN IOWA... ...THERE IS A MARGINAL RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS SURROUNDING THE SLIGHT AND ENHANCED RISK AREAS... ...SUMMARY... Severe thunderstorms are possible this afternoon and evening across parts of the central Plains and vicinity. Isolated strong storms may also develop northeastward into the upper Mississippi Valley. ...Synopsis... Low-amplitude cyclonic flow aloft will continue to prevail east of the Rockies today/tonight, while ridging extends northwest from Texas into the Great Basin and Pacific Northwest. Within the cyclonic flow field, a shorter-wavelength trough will continue to cross the upper Mississippi Valley and later the upper Great Lakes region, while smaller/more subtle disturbances shift southeast out of the Rockies and into/across the central U.S. through tonight. At the surface, high pressure will prevail over the eastern and southeastern states. High pressure will also expand southeast across the north central U.S. in the wake of a cold front moving slowly east across the upper Great Lakes/upper Midwest, and southeast across the central Plains and Missouri Valley through 11/12z. Areas along and ahead of this front will be the focus for the primary severe risk this period. ...Eastern Colorado into Kansas/Oklahoma parts of the Texas Panhandle... A complex scenario is evident late this morning across the central Plains vicinity, with a cold front to continue to shift very slowly southward across Kansas and several small-scale perturbations aloft moving east-southeast across the Rockies and into the central Plains vicinity today and tonight. The first of these disturbances is supporting development of a cluster of storms across western Kansas at this time, which will likely continue moving east-southeast while expanding in coverage/breadth. This early band of storms will complicate the forecast in terms of later development in the wake of this convection, with most CAM runs suggesting that later development will be most prevalent/intense near the southern periphery of this storm band, as outflow now across far southwest Kansas and northwest Oklahoma is reinforced. Along with risk for damaging winds and hail associated with this initial storm cluster as it moves east-southeast and grows in coverage, the secondary corridor for later convection possibly evolving along the aforementioned west-northwest to east-southeast outflow boundary may prove to be the zone of greatest severe risk. As such, will introduce 30% wind/ENH risk across a small portion of southwest Kansas, east-southeast into northwest Oklahoma. With moderate CAPE developing through the afternoon and moderately strong west-northwest flow aloft aiding in storm organization, an upscale-growing MCS may evolve through the late afternoon and evening hours. Elsewhere, with backed low-level flow north of the outflow, organized/rotating storms -- and attendant risk for large hail and damaging winds -- will exist across the rest of the SLGT risk area, from the Colorado front range east across much of Kansas and Oklahoma through the evening and into the overnight hours. ...Upper Great Lakes southwest into Missouri... Afternoon heating of the pre-frontal boundary layer will support airmass destabilization sufficient to support development of thunderstorms, with greatest coverage of storms expected from southeast Wisconsin southwestward along the boundary to eastern Iowa/northwest Illinois. Within this area, the strongest mid-level flow is also progged, on the southern fringe of the well-defined upper circulation now moving east across the upper Mississippi Valley at this time per latest water vapor loop. With this zone of stronger flow aloft aiding in potential for organized storms and possibly some upscale/linear growth, risk for damaging winds appears sufficient to support upgrade to 15% wind/SLGT risk. Storms will spread east into the evening, weakening diurnally as they cross Lake Michigan and move into lower Michigan/Indiana. ..Goss/Mosier.. 08/10/2017Read more
|SPC Aug 10, 2017 2000 UTC Day 1 Convective Outlook||SPC 2000Z Day 1 Outlook
Day 1 Convective Outlook NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 0311 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 Valid 102000Z - 111200Z ...THERE IS AN ENHANCED RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS SOUTHWEST KS...OK/TX PANHANDLES INTO NORTHWEST AND CENTRAL OK... ...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS SURROUNDING THE ENHANCED RISK FROM EASTERN CO INTO KS AND OK... ...THERE IS A SLIGHT RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS FROM FAR EASTERN IA AND NORTHERN IL TO EASTERN WI... ...THERE IS A MARGINAL RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS SURROUNDING THE SLIGHT RISK AREA FROM EASTERN CO AND THE SOUTHERN PLAINS TO LAKE MICHIGAN... ...SUMMARY... Severe thunderstorms are expected this afternoon into tonight across parts of the central and southern Plains. Isolated strong to severe storms are also expected northeastward into part of the upper Mississippi Valley to the southwest Great Lakes region. ...Eastern CO/KS/OK and TX Panhandles and much of OK... Forecast remains on track for two rounds of severe storms to develop/spread east/southeast across the Enhanced risk area, with damaging winds being the greatest threat in that risk area, which extends from southwest KS through the OK/TX Panhandles to northwest/part of central OK. The lead area of storms is ongoing in northwest OK and additional storms will continue to develop over the higher terrain of CO and advance southeast onto the High Plains of CO and into western/southern KS to the southern Plains later this evening/tonight to early Friday morning. Meanwhile, long, straight hodographs across southeast CO into portions of southwest to central KS favor a threat for very large hail, with a 10% significant hail area being added with this outlook issuance. Farther north into northwest KS and southwest NE, severe probabilities have been trimmed southward, given the passage of a convective outflow boundary and cold front in these areas and boundary layer stabilization in the wake of these boundaries. ...Eastern IA/northern IL to eastern WI... Given trends in radar imagery and objective analyses, the Slight risk area and severe probabilities have been expanded some in this region. ..Peters.. 08/10/2017 .PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 1131 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017/ ...Synopsis... Low-amplitude cyclonic flow aloft will continue to prevail east of the Rockies today/tonight, while ridging extends northwest from Texas into the Great Basin and Pacific Northwest. Within the cyclonic flow field, a shorter-wavelength trough will continue to cross the upper Mississippi Valley and later the upper Great Lakes region, while smaller/more subtle disturbances shift southeast out of the Rockies and into/across the central U.S. through tonight. At the surface, high pressure will prevail over the eastern and southeastern states. High pressure will also expand southeast across the north central U.S. in the wake of a cold front moving slowly east across the upper Great Lakes/upper Midwest, and southeast across the central Plains and Missouri Valley through 11/12z. Areas along and ahead of this front will be the focus for the primary severe risk this period. ...Eastern Colorado into Kansas/Oklahoma parts of the Texas Panhandle... A complex scenario is evident late this morning across the central Plains vicinity, with a cold front to continue to shift very slowly southward across Kansas and several small-scale perturbations aloft moving east-southeast across the Rockies and into the central Plains vicinity today and tonight. The first of these disturbances is supporting development of a cluster of storms across western Kansas at this time, which will likely continue moving east-southeast while expanding in coverage/breadth. This early band of storms will complicate the forecast in terms of later development in the wake of this convection, with most CAM runs suggesting that later development will be most prevalent/intense near the southern periphery of this storm band, as outflow now across far southwest Kansas and northwest Oklahoma is reinforced. Along with risk for damaging winds and hail associated with this initial storm cluster as it moves east-southeast and grows in coverage, the secondary corridor for later convection possibly evolving along the aforementioned west-northwest to east-southeast outflow boundary may prove to be the zone of greatest severe risk. As such, will introduce 30% wind/ENH risk across a small portion of southwest Kansas, east-southeast into northwest Oklahoma. With moderate CAPE developing through the afternoon and moderately strong west-northwest flow aloft aiding in storm organization, an upscale-growing MCS may evolve through the late afternoon and evening hours. Elsewhere, with backed low-level flow north of the outflow, organized/rotating storms -- and attendant risk for large hail and damaging winds -- will exist across the rest of the SLGT risk area, from the Colorado front range east across much of Kansas and Oklahoma through the evening and into the overnight hours. ...Upper Great Lakes southwest into Missouri... Afternoon heating of the pre-frontal boundary layer will support airmass destabilization sufficient to support development of thunderstorms, with greatest coverage of storms expected from southeast Wisconsin southwestward along the boundary to eastern Iowa/northwest Illinois. Within this area, the strongest mid-level flow is also progged, on the southern fringe of the well-defined upper circulation now moving east across the upper Mississippi Valley at this time per latest water vapor loop. With this zone of stronger flow aloft aiding in potential for organized storms and possibly some upscale/linear growth, risk for damaging winds appears sufficient to support upgrade to 15% wind/SLGT risk. Storms will spread east into the evening, weakening diurnally as they cross Lake Michigan and move into lower Michigan/Indiana.Read more
|SPC Aug 10, 2017 1730 UTC Day 2 Convective Outlook||SPC 1730Z Day 2 Outlook
Day 2 Convective Outlook NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 1229 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 Valid 111200Z - 121200Z ...THERE IS A MARGINAL RISK OF SEVERE THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PARTS OF THE CENTRAL AND NORTHERN HIGH PLAINS... ...SUMMARY... Isolated strong to severe storms will be possible across portions of the central and northern High Plains Friday afternoon and evening, producing mainly strong, damaging wind gusts and hail. ...Northeast CO/eastern WY/western NE/western SD... Broad cyclonic midlevel flow regime will be maintained this forecast period across the northern and central High Plains to the Mid-Atlantic and Northeast states. An embedded shortwave trough is expected to shift east of the mid MS Valley, while the next upstream shortwave trough, now tracking south per water vapor imagery across Alberta, should move into the northern High Plains Friday night. Meanwhile, forcing for ascent attendant to a weak midlevel impulse expected to move into this Marginal risk area by peak heating Friday afternoon and height falls Friday night with the Alberta trough should prove favorable for convective development. Vertically veering winds with westerly 500-mb winds at 35-40 kt will result in effective bulk shear of 35-50 kt. Although lapse rates will be steep and surface heating will contribute to destabilization, the lack of greater low-level moisture should result in MLCAPE of 500-1000 J/kg. A Marginal risk of severe storms exists from northeast CO to eastern WY and western parts of SD/NE as storms develop over the higher terrain and spread to the east. A strengthening southerly low-level jet could result in some upscale growth of storms across the eastern parts of the Marginal risk area Friday night. Damaging winds and hail will be the primary severe threats, with CAPE/shear parameter space supporting some supercell development. ...AR/northern MS/western TN... Stronger westerly 500-mb winds and effective bulk shear forecast by the 12Z NAM appear to be an outlier compared to other deterministic models, with this region located mainly south of the corridor of stronger westerly flow aloft. This combined with the lack of discernible midlevel forcing for ascent and weak lapse rates suggests storms that develop across this region Friday into Friday evening are expected to be generally non-severe, with the severe probability being less than 5%. ..Peters.. 08/10/2017Read more
|SPC Day 1 Fire Weather Outlook||SPC Day 1 Fire Weather Outlook
Day 1 Fire Weather Outlook NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 1144 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 Valid 101700Z - 111200Z With a weak upper low expected to remain over northern CA/southern OR today, the WA Cascades and vicinity have been removed from isolated dry thunderstorm designation, as overall thunder chances in this region now appear to be below 10% through the rest of the period. The isolated dry thunderstorm area has been expanded to include more of northeastern OR, western ID, and eastern WA based on latest short-term model guidance. Northeastern OR into western ID may experience isolated convective development related to differential heating between a think smoke plume centered over eastern WA/northern ID and relatively clear conditions to the south. This region is also forecast to be on the northern periphery of lift associated with the previously mentioned upper low. For additional forecast reasoning regarding the isolated dry thunderstorm area, see the previous discussion below. ..Gleason.. 08/10/2017 .PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 0143 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017/ ...Synopsis... A persistent Rex block will remain over the Pacific Northwest today, featuring a weakening low over northern California and a ridge extending northward across British Columbia. Several weak/convectively modulated impulses along the eastern periphery of the aforementioned low will advance east/northeast across the northern Great Basin. Meanwhile, a shortwave trough in weak northwesterly flow will drop southeast from Alberta towards Montana. ...Portions of the Northwest... The previously mentioned features of interest will support pockets of thunderstorm activity across the region once again today. From parts of the Cascades to the northern Great Basin, the weak low at the base of the Rex block (as well as related minor impulses to the east) will encourage convection initially over higher terrain. Meanwhile, the shortwave trough approaching Idaho/Montana will support widely scattered activity progressing south across the Canadian border. Both regimes should be characterized by isolated dry thunderstorms, enhancing the threat of new fire starts and erratic activity. Pockets of scattered total thunderstorm coverage may exist from northern California to southern Idaho, but higher precipitable-water values and/or slow storm motions preclude an upgrade at this time. ...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov/fire for graphic product...Read more
|SPC Day 2 Fire Weather Outlook||SPC Day 2 Fire Weather Outlook
Day 2 Fire Weather Outlook NWS Storm Prediction Center Norman OK 0258 PM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017 Valid 111200Z - 121200Z ...CRITICAL FIRE WEATHER AREA FOR SCATTERED DRY THUNDERSTORMS ACROSS PARTS OF CENTRAL/EASTERN OREGON... A scattered dry thunderstorm area has been introduced along the OR Cascades and continuing into northeastern OR for Day 2/Friday. Per latest short-term guidance, a greater concentration of thunderstorms is expected across this area Friday afternoon and evening as a weak upper low and associated lift over northern CA move northeastward. While storm motions will admittedly be slow, and may allow for some wetting rainfall in the heaviest cores, the presence of very dry to record dry fuels, forecast precipitable water values generally around 0.6-0.9 inch, and abundant lightning expected to occur all suggest a scattered dry thunderstorm area is warranted. The isolated dry thunderstorm area has been expanded eastward to include more of north-central/northeastern MT. Here, at least isolated thunderstorms should develop within northwesterly mid-level flow on the eastern half of an upper ridge. Precipitable water values around 0.6-0.8 inch, enhanced mid-level flow promoting fast storm motions, and dry fuels all support the eastward expansion. Some consideration was given to a scattered dry thunderstorm area across parts of northwestern MT and vicinity, but overall convective coverage across this region remains somewhat in question as large-scale lift attendant to a southeastward-moving shortwave trough over north-central/northeastern MT only glances this region. Will therefore defer the possible introduction of a scattered dry thunderstorm area in MT to a later update. For additional information, see the previous discussion below. ..Gleason.. 08/10/2017 .PREV DISCUSSION... /ISSUED 0144 AM CDT Thu Aug 10 2017/ ...Synopsis... As a trough approaches the Pacific Northwest through the period, the downstream Rex block (in place for several days prior) will break down. This evolution will feature a northern California low further weakening and progressing east/northeast towards Idaho. Meanwhile, another shortwave trough will advance towards northern Montana, within a regime of northwesterly flow along the eastern edge of the ridge associated with the decaying block. ...Northwest US... The assortment of impulses, combined with sufficient mid-level moisture/instability, will foster convective development across much of the region Friday. Precipitable-water values will be highest near/west of the Cascades, as moisture increases ahead of the offshore trough. Therefore, primarily wet thunderstorm modes are forecast here; however, the abundance of lightning, combined with dry fuels, supports an isolated dry-thunderstorm designation. Farther east, tropospheric moisture content will be less, encouraging convection of a drier mode. While storm coverage will likely not be quite as expansive as points farther west, these drier conditions will yield at least an isolated dry-thunderstorm threat. Additionally, an upgrade to scattered/critical may be required in later updates, especially around northwest Montana where storm motions will be quicker. ...Please see www.spc.noaa.gov/fire for graphic product...Read more
|Quakelapse ~ Decade of Tectonic Data Worldmap||NOAA's worldmap of global earthquakes timelapse of decade... You can view (and interact with) this mapped onto an Earth globe at Science on a Sphere! |
|2014-06-04: 15th GHRSST Science Team Meeting in full swing now!||15th GHRSST Science Team Meeting in full swing now! NODC is
a key partner as the GHRSST long term archive and stewardship
|2014-06-04: NODC publishes first two GHRSST Data Specification Version 2 datasets||NODC publishes first two GHRSST Data Specification Version 2
datasets, building on the large collection of Version 1
NAVO VIIRS L2P, and Canadian Meteorological Center (CMC) Level 4
global SST analysis product. More products to come soon!|
|2013-06-01: LTSRF nearly back to operational status||The issues with the old ingest filesystems have been
diagnosed and understood, new ingest filesystems have been built, and
ingest of GHRSST data is under way again. However, it may be a few
more days before the NODC archives are back to full operational
status. We all agree that a measure of paranoia is called for when
dealing with issues with the long term NOAA archives. Thank you for
|2008-10-02: LTSRF Automated Accessioning Document Updated||The GHRSST LTSRF Automated Accession Document available on
http://ghrsst.nodc.noaa.gov/documents.html was updated today
to include a new RDAC (NEODAAS) and to reflect the name change
of the international GHRSST project from "GODAE High Resolution
SST Pilot Project" to the "Group for High Resolution SST".|
|2008-03-17: LTSRF Archive Graphics Restored||After an approximately two week hiatus, the daily
GHRSST LTSRF archive status graphics have been restored.
These graphics are available at
|Ryanair sÄrbÄtoreÈte 1 miliard de pasageri prin lansarea rezervÄrilor controlate vocal & noile scaune zodiac slimline Ã®n cadrul ultimelor Ã®mbunÄtÄÈiri âagbâ|
Ryanair, compania aerianÄ Nr. 1 a Europei, astÄzi (2 august) a lansat ultimele sale Ã®mbunÄtÄÈiri din cadrul programului sÄu âAlways Getting Betterâ Anul 4, care include recunoaÈterea vocalÄ Alexa â...
|Right Whales in Cape Cod Bay||Large numbers of north Atlantic right whales, more than 60, have been seen in Cape Cod Bay in recent days. They normally appear in large numbers in mid April, so like everything else in New England this spring they are running a couple weeks late. But in this case late is definitely better than never. It's a sign that the population is probably faring okay despite the lack of food in their traditional summer grounds in the Bay of Fundy, and a sure sign that spring has finally come to New England.|
An almost-real-time map of right whale sightings:
|Right Whales Return and Disappear Again||It was with a great sense of relief that I read in early August that right whales had returned in large numbers to the Bay of Fundy. During the last week in July, whale watch boats out of Grand Manan counted 50 right whales. Comments ran along the lines of "just like the old days." Researchers from the New England Aquarium, who have been studying right whales in the Bay of Fundy for 34 years, documented 45 whales on Thursday of that week and another 30 or so on Friday.|
This was good news, because last year, the NEAq team found five whales in the Bay, the lowest in all the years they have been going there. It was very worrying. The Bay of Fundy normally hosts the largest number of right whales of any place we know. I have seen as many as 75 on a single trip. That's quite a large number, about 15% of the entire population.
Right whales come to the Bay of Fundy in search of food. Summer is the time when plankton blooms in northern waters and many species of whale come to the Bay of Fundy looking for food. For many of them, this is the only food they will have all year. They survive winter on the fat they store during the summer. So in general, the whales go where the food is, and last year there was no food in the waters of the Bay of Fundy, at least not the kind of food that right whales eat.
Right whales consume a species of copepod, a very tiny, almost microscopic shrimp-like animal, named Calanus finmarchicus. Calanus is a cold water species. Increases in water temperature affect how early in the year they reproduce, how long they remain at the surface (right whales are surface feeders) and ultimately whether they reproduce at all. It is not much of a leap to speculate that the absence of Calanus in the Bay of Fundy in August of 2013 was due to higher-than-normal surface water temperatures.
Looking at data from NOAA weather buoys in the northern Gulf of Maine, near the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, I have found that the surface water temperature has been rising over the past decade, with 2012 and 2013 being the warmest on record. That might account for the absence of food and the absence of right whales.
This year is different. The water temperature is closer to what it was a decade ago. At first I thought that might account for the abundance of right whales, for the comment that it feels "like the old days." Surface water temperature tends to follow air temperature. So with global warming we expect to find warming of ocean surface temperatures as well, with obvious consequences for cold-water species. At first there was reason to celebrate the return of right whales to the Bay of Fundy this year, but there is now reason to remain concerned, because in spite of year-to-year variations that can be quite dramatic, the long-term trend is toward warming. And the right whales have disappeared again. That early optimism has been replaced with concern once again. Surveys in the Bay of Fundy, and in the Roseway Basin off the Coast of Nova Scotia have turned up very few whales. Five or six have been spotted off the coast of Cape Breton, farther north. Given what happened last year, I am not optimistic that the Bay of Fundy will remain a gathering place for right whales.
The question of the moment, at least for me, is what effect two years of poor food resource in the Bay of Fundy is having on the health of the population. It costs a lot of energy to go looking for food, not knowing where it will be found. The energy in the food that is found has to be higher than the energy spent to find it, or it is of no use. If the energy spent looking is higher than the energy in the food found, then right whale health will be decreasing and mortality from starvation could be high.
I have no evidence that right whales are starving to death, but I think it is a concern. What does the second year of absence of whales in the Bay of Fundy mean? Does it mean they got the word and are avoiding the Bay? Or does it mean last year's lack of food significantly diminished the population? A large number of whales appeared in Cape Cod Bay in April, suggesting that the population is okay, but their food is moving. But a lower-than-normal number of calves was born in the winter, suggesting the population is experiencing some difficulties.
Researchers have depended on the predictability of right whales' presence in the Bay of Fundy to monitor and study them and estimate their total numbers. They photograph them, count them, identify individuals, collect DNA and poop, and thus have gathered a very complete picture of the size and structure of the right whale population. If right whales have abandoned the Bay of Fundy, it will take significant human effort to figure out where they are going to find food, in order to continue to monitor their health and well-being.
If they drop off of our radar, we will have little idea how they are faring, except to continue to observe how many females appear off the coast of Florida in the winter to give birth, and perhaps to monitor them more closely in Cape Cod Bay in the winter and spring. Right whales have survived being hunted to near extinction. They have surely survived other changes in their food supply. We can hope and believe they are adaptable enough to survive this one. But it would be nice to know. Whale researchers don't seem to be very good at remaining dispassionate. It's not an easy job. You have to care a lot to go out every day in a tiny boat and spend long days searching for and documenting whales. The blog posts from the New England Aquarium convey real concern and a sense of loss.
Seeing the right whales each year is one sign that this precious Earth is still holding things together, despite all the stress it is experiencing at our hands. Not seeing them is very worrying, and for me feels like a sign that we are pushing the Earth beyond its limits and will be facing many more losses in the years to come.
|LISTen: An LISNews.org Program -- Episode #252|
It is a weird, slow news week when the folks at the USDA radio unit are doing reviews of Sharknado that are being released to radio stations across the country. We talk about the news we found and let you hear that wonderful taxpayer-paid movie review in this week's episode.
Download here (MP3) (Ogg Vorbis) (E-mail attachment friendly: Speex format) (High Fidelity: Free Lossless Audio Codec), or subscribe to the podcast (MP3) to have episodes delivered to your media player. We suggest subscribing by way of a service like gpodder.net. You can always throw at paperback novel or two at Stephen via Amazon.
This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/us/.
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