Favorite Places to Visit; Indian Ocean!        
Great, Tropical Islands of Indian & Atlantic Oceans to visit & to travel to: Mauritius, Seychelles, the Maldives & the Canary Islands!
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          iPhone in 29 new countries; unlocked in Hong Kong        

Our sister site Engadget reports that Apple is now offering unlocked iPhones in Hong Kong via its online store. HK$5,500 (≈ US$700) will buy you an 8GB model, HK$6,200 (≈ US$800) gets you 16GB.

The Apple Store's terms and conditions limit sales to individuals in Hong Kong only, but who knows what the gray market will bring.

Three Russian carriers will also begin selling unlocked iPhones on October 3, with the 8GB model selling for over US$900.

In related news, 29 new countries will begin selling the iPhone, some today: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela.

[Via IGM.]


          By: Keshavelu        
An excellent piece. Killing PM Rajiv Gandhi was the biggest blunder he committed. With this cruel act on a beloved PM turned the tide against LTTE. Tamil Nadu people never forgave LTTE. LTTE was banned. Naval blockade was ordered and SL Navy stopped escape routes and also stopped arms getting in from North and East Coast. Any Leader with little acumen would have negotiated for a honourable settlement. Live and let live should have been the best policy. Prabhakaran was stubborn and blind. He should have given political settlement a chance for the sake of Tamil people. He was ruthlessly controlling his people and killed them mercilessly. The people never enjoyed development. Pictures of people in Lungis and women and children in torn clothes holding aluminium vessels as worldly possessions proved the stark reality of hand-to-mouth living under his rule. Like in Srilanka, Tamils were taken to Mauritius, Madagaskar, Malaysia, Singapore, Burma, Fiji Islands by the British. These Tamils are living in harmony with locals and prospering. Ethnic minorities are given their due share for their cooperation. I am happy that the game ended. Tamil diaspora should at least now stop day dreaming about 'Eelam'. It was an unrealistic goal from day one. Stop instigating Tamil brothers and Sisters.
          Ile Maurice : le secteur des TIC en forte progression        

Les derniers chiffres dans le secteur des technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC) publié par La Statistics Mauritius font cas d’une légère progression dans le pays. La part du secteur des TIC dans le Produit intérieur brut (PIB) du pays est passée 6,3% en 2013 à 6,4% en 2014. La proportion d’abonnements à […]

Cet article Ile Maurice : le secteur des TIC en forte progression est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper        
Source(google.com.pk)
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper Biography


Asha Saini is an Indian film actress and model. She predominantly works in Telugu film industry, but has appeared in a number of Kannada, Tamil and Hindi productions as well. Since her debut in Prema Kosam (1999), she has acted in over 50 films and co-starred with noted actors including Rajinikanth, Vijaykanth, Prabhu, Karthik, Balakrishna, Venkatesh, Jagapati Babu and Rajasekhar.

Born in Chandigarh, Haryana to an army officer, Flora began her schooling in Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir and continued her education in Delhi.Her family moved to Kolkata then, where she started pursuing a modeling career. She participated at the Miss Kolkata beauty pageant contest. Flora made her acting debut in the 1999 Telugu film Prema Kosam in which she enacted the lead female role.The film producer of her first film rechristened her as Asha Saini, while years later she would adopt a new screen name, Mayuri, as per an astrologer’s advice, before eventually reverting to her original name.
Flora subsequently essayed supporting roles in more than a dozen Telugu films in the next three years, with her appearance in the film Narasimha Naidu (2002), which went on to become highly successful, being the most notable, which led to her being referred to as "Lux Papa" thereafter.[8] In 2002, she debuted in Hindi, starring in the T. P. Aggarwal-produced Bharat Bhagya Vidhata. Her second Hindi film Love in Nepal (2004) saw her pairing with popular playback singer Sonu Nigam, which too was produced by T. P. Aggarwal.Flora starred in several Kannada films, too, including Giri starring Srinagar Kitty and Nammannna starring Sudeep.
In March 2008, she was arrested in Chennai for supposedly having forged visa documents, and was subsequently banned from the Tamil film industry.She claimed innocence,and the ban was lifted a couple of weeks later.
Flora had three of her films, Broker (Telugu), Vismaya Pramaya and Vah Re Vah (both Kannada) releasing on 31 December 2010, a rare occurrence that secured her an entry in the Limca Book of Records for the most number of film releases on one day. In 2010, Flora Saini was honoured with the Uttarakhand Ratan Award. She has also received The Great Daughter of Soil Award in Mauritius for her work towards the poor and helpless.

Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper
Hot South Indian Actress Wallpaper


          Ghana beat Mauritius and Cameroon win in African Nations Cup qualifiers        
Ghana thrashed Mauritius 7-1 in their opening 2017 African Nations Cup qualifier in Accra. The Group H favourites were ahead after just 10 minutes against Mauritius, who are ranked 176th in the FIFA World Ranking -- some 142 places below their hosts. Christian Atsu opened the scoring, heading home a Harrison Afful cross for his ninth international goal, and it was 2-0 shortly afterwards when Jordan Ayew was presented with a tap-in by Jeffrey Schlupp. J. Ayew's mum Maha celebrates Ghana's...
          1st Air Mauritius A350 XWB takes shape        
The wing-fuselage junction, the installation of the tailplane and also the tailcone have been completed. The aircraft is in the next assembly station for structural completion such as the installation of winglets, ground testing of mechanical, electrical and avionics systems. Next steps will include in particular cabin completion, engine installation, painting and flight tests. This will lead to the delivery scheduled in Q4 2017, of the first A350-900 to Air Mauritius. Air Mauritius will acq...
          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          La cascade de Grand Galet or Cascades Langevin on Réunion Since 2 weeks I'm...        

La cascade de Grand Galet or Cascades Langevin on Réunion

Since 2 weeks I'm back from my beautiful holiday on the island Réunion, a french island between Madagascar and Mauritius.

Of course I have made some photos and last week I have finished to sort out all the photos and do a little postprocessing on them. So let's start with this shot which shows you the Grand Galet Falls or also named Langevin Falls. As you may see on the shot it was raining very strong and it was hard to manage that my camera and stuff wasn't too wet during this shot.

Photo by Daniel Isenmann


          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          Mauritia, Benua Yang Hilang di Samudera Hindia        
Sebuah negara pulau kecil di lepas pantai timur pulau Madagaskar bernama Mauritius (satellite view) ternyata tidak hanya menyimpan keeksotikan pantai dan pegunungannya saja.
Ternyata, negara pulau di Samudera Hindia ini juga diindikasikan menyimpan bukti-bukti kuno tentang sebuah benua yang hilang.
Berbeda dengan benua atau daratan yang sampai sekarang belum dapat dibuktikan dan tetap masih menjadi mitos seperti Atlantis, Lemuria dan lainnya, maka daratan kuno Mauritius ini memiliki bukti sains tentang keberadaannya.
mauritius
Seperti yang dilansir oleh NBC News (26/2/13), pantai yang mengelilingi Mauritius diduga menjadi saksi bisu tentang keberadaan sebuah benua yang pernah ada.
Hal ini terlihat dari adanya sebuah garis tipis berwarna putih dan tersebar mengelilingi seluruh pantai di sana.
Mauritius beach lineSetelah diteliti, ternyata partikel putih tersebut berumur jauh lebih tua dari umur pulaunya sendiri.
Para peneliti memperkirakan bahwa pulau Mauritius sendiri masih berusia sekitar 8,9 juta tahun, sedangkan partikel putih ini sudah berusia minimal 660 juta tahun.
Para peneliti yang menemukan fakta ini menduga bahwa dulu pernah ada sebuah daratan sebesar benua yang dinamakan Mauritia.
Bahkan ukuran benua tersebut besarnya diperkirakan sebesar wilayah Samudera Hindia yang memisahkan antara India dan Afrika.
Artinya, daratan ini tidak sebesar sebuah benua namun tak pula sekecil sebuah pulau terbesar. Maka para peneliti menamakan ukuran daratan ini sebagai “benua kecil” atau micro continent.
Mauritia Mauritius 2Hilangnya benua ini sendiri diduga karena adanya “kolom magma” yang mengisi kerak bumi.
Hal ini menyebabkan Mauritius menyembul ke atas permukaan dan menenggelamkan Mauritia yang mulai tertutup oleh air.
Hasil penelitian ini sendiri sudah ditulis dalam sebuah jurnal berjudul Nature Geoscience.
Kabarnya, para peneliti yang digawangi oleh Björn Jamtveit dari the University of Oslo akan mencoba mengetahui secara dalam, apakah benar-benar ada bekas daratan sebesar itu di bawah Samudera Hindia. (NBC News/merdeka)
Mauritia Mauritius


          Panama: Profits for two men and a dog        
Global Finance magazine has an interview with a technocrat featured as "the new guard" Pascal Saint-Amans (@PSaintAmans), an OECD veteran named director of its Centre for Tax Policy and Administration in February 2012, who is overseeing the guidelines review.

It is very revealing that Saint-Amans told Global Finance in an interview: “Profits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog,” which basically means that Panama will never cease to be in black or grey lists (or that Panama has 3 million people and 1.5 million dogs).






Author: RONALD FINK

AT HAVEN’S END?

Multinational corporations could have a much more difficult time shifting profits to low-tax jurisdictions—and deductions to high-tax ones—under new OECD rules.
When Apple CEO Tim Cook testified in defense of the computer giant’s tax practices on Capitol Hill in late May, Cook was speaking for many multinational corporate executives when he insisted that Apple paid every bit of tax the company owed to the US and other countries. But that, according to critics, is precisely the problem. The current international tax system, based on a practice known as transfer pricing, lets multinationals shift income from parent companies or their subsidiaries located in high-tax jurisdictions, such as the US, to those in low-tax regimes, and do the opposite with deductions. As a result, critics say, companies artificially minimize their liabilities or even avoid them entirely, and do so legally, thanks to the widely accepted current basis for transfer pricing.
With a great deal of scrutiny coming to bear on corporate tax practices worldwide, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is looking at ways to revamp its guidelines on international tax practices. Until there is clarity on how this review will evolve, however, corporations are wondering, and worrying over, what it will ultimately mean. An OECD report in February to the G20 countries noted: “There is increased segregation between the location where actual business activities take place and the location where profits are reported for tax purposes.”
And though the cost to governments, many of whom are facing sovereign debt woes because of gaping fiscal deficits, may be impossible to gauge precisely, some estimates put it in the trillions of dollars. “If we could estimate it, we could tax it,” says David Spencer, an international tax attorney based in New York, who describes the problem as “monumental.”
The scope of the tax shortfall is evident in a 2008 World Trade Organization estimate that only 40% of world trade occurs between independent companies. The rest is conducted intracompany—and taxing of that income falls under the current murky transfer pricing rules. That proportion has probably decreased since then, as the global economic downturn has seen industries consolidate further. To help close this gap in lost tax revenues, the OECD has revisited the guidelines it established in 1995, and revamped in 2010, as the basis of transfer pricing practices in most of the world. An action plan that the OECD presented to the G20 in late July detailed 15 steps it expects to take over the next year to two and a half years to deal with transfer pricing and related issues.
The OECD is acting after being accused of dragging its feet. “The current system is not workable,” says H. David Rosenbloom, a professor and director of the International Tax Program at New York University—and former Treasury official.
OECD’S NEW GUARD
The evolving perspective at the OECD is owing in part to changes within the organization’s structure. Some critics say that much of the tax staff of the OECD until recently was “captured” by private industry, with members moving between positions in the organization and private industry as if through a revolving door. But it may have as much to do with the shifting power of member countries. Countries such as Brazil, China and India have rejected the OECD’s guidelines in favor of their own, more draconian regulations, bringing pressure to bear on the organization to enact change.
Pascal Saint-Amans
Saint-Amans, OECD: Profits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog
Regardless of the reason behind it, the OECD has had “a very serious change of heart” about the current system, observes Spencer. “There is a new guard that realizes it’s up against the wall.”
The new guard includes Pascal Saint-Amans, an OECD veteran named director of its Centre for Tax Policy and Administration in February 2012, who is overseeing the guidelines review. As Saint-Amans told Global Finance in an interview: “Profits cannot be located in a place where you have two men and a dog.”
The OECD recently got an extra push to end such practices from the G8 countries, which issued a communiqué at their meeting in June that called for countries to share corporate as well as individual tax information without being asked to do so. Philip West, a former international tax counsel for the US Treasury and now a partner in the Washington, DC, office of law firm Steptoe & Johnston, said at a global tax conference in late April in New York City that such mandatory information sharing would represent the “first step” toward a far more onerous system for multinational enterprises than the one currently in place.
In fact, a growing number of countries aren’t waiting for the OECD to act. France recently slapped Amazon and Google with tax bills of €700 million ($930 million) and €1.7 billion, respectively, for reassessed liabilities based on their transfer pricing practices, while Denmark hit Microsoft with a €778 million reassessment. India is seeking $2.5 billion from Vodafone in a long-running dispute over that company’s 2007 acquisition of telecom assets from another company based in the Cayman Islands and Mauritius. All of those companies declined to comment, as did Apple and several other multinationals contacted for this article. For such companies, uncertainty over tax liabilities are increasingly a key concern. If the OECD fails to come up with a more effective system, companies may find that “individual countries do their own thing,” Robert Stack, deputy US Treasury secretary and the department’s international tax counsel, warned at the tax conference in New York.
The question is what type of change the OECD can get most if not all countries to accept, since it operates by consensus. Even if its action plan is accepted by the G20, as is expected at a meeting this month, and the OECD finalizes its proposal within the envisioned time frame, global governments and legislatures would then have to pass laws to embrace them. During that interval, corporations are sure to lobby against many of the changes—and dissenting countries, to push for even stronger ones.
CURRENT SYSTEM
The OECD’s current transfer pricing guidelines are used widely in tax treaties based on the so-called “arm’s-length” principle, under which companies are supposed to price intracompany transactions as if they were conducted between independent companies. That is supposed to result in appropriate taxation by each jurisdiction.
But critics say such pricing can understate income, because independent companies naturally enjoy smaller profits on transactions than those between parents and their subsidiaries, thanks to economies of scope and scale. And so-called “comparables”—based, for example, on royalty agreements within industries—that companies currently rely on to price cost-sharing agreements and other transactions between parents and subsidiaries may be even more misleading in the case of difficult-to-value intangible assets. Yet those assets are increasingly the basis of such transactions.
As a result, some critics go so far as to label the arm’s-length principle a tax-avoidance device designed to help companies move income to tax havens, where subsidiaries that do little or nothing can claim income. These critics want to see the OECD move toward what is called “formulary apportionment,” where profits are allocated among jurisdictions based on a formula that takes into account returns on assets or some other measure of profit.
The most strident proponents of such a change would also require companies to report the income they make in each country to every jurisdiction, a system that, when combined with formulary apportionment, is known as “unitary taxation.” The mandatory sharing of information among countries along the lines called for by the G8 would resemble that type of reporting, as its June communiqué seeks “a common template for country-by-country reporting.”
But it falls far short in the eyes of some. “You can’t stop income shifting to tax havens without unitary taxation based on formulary apportionment,” says Michael McIntyre, a law professor at Wayne State University.
Some supporters of the formulary approach nonetheless say unitary taxation is unfeasible. And defenders of the current system warn that the formulary approach, at least without agreement on the formula to be used, would result in taxation of the same income in more than one jurisdiction, an outcome known as double taxation, which is now avoided by tax treaties that embrace the arm’s-length principle. Says Patrick Evans, chief tax counsel of the Washington, DC–based industry group Tax Executives Institute: “Our members are extremely concerned about the double taxation issue, and if there’s no agreement on the formula, then double taxation is likely.”
Saint-Amans says he doesn’t care whether the OECD ultimately keeps the arm’s-length principle in place or jettisons it in favor of the formulary approach, as he sees problems with both. “I am agnostic,” he points out. But the OECD’s action plan continues to favor the arm’s-length principle. Saint-Amans adds that it would be difficult, if not impossible, to get countries to agree on what formula to use for the formulary approach. Quips Saint-Amans: “I don’t have a century to work on that.”
For a microcosmic view of the problem, consider the US. It has such a system in place for state and local taxes, but at last count the 50 states were using some 20 different formulas to apportion profits. And China and India are unlikely to accept any formula that doesn’t include a premium for the advantage that their cheap labor provides companies based elsewhere.
Instead, the OECD action plan calls for better enforcement of the arms-length principle, a position that the US supports but that Brazil, China and India, as well as many other countries, do not. They want more stringent rules.
The Treasury’s Stack told the April tax conference that the US doesn’t like the formulary approach, and that its own efforts to improve enforcement of the arms-length principle would be helped immensely if Congress simply repealed what are known as “check the box” rules for subsidiaries called “controlled foreign companies,” under which their parents can simply instruct the IRS to ignore them for tax purposes, so tax on their income is indefinitely deferred. Still, Stack acknowledged that “we are alone” among individual countries supporting the arm’s-length principle.
Although the OECD action plan backs the principle, many observers expect mandatory information sharing to strengthen the hand of authorities now in the dark about what companies are doing to shift profits to low-tax jurisdictions and deductions to high-tax ones. Saint-Amans says he’s more concerned with “double nontaxation,” where income is taxed nowhere, than with double taxation, though he warns that if countries don’t accept the OECD’s new guidelines, companies will doubtless face more double taxation.
CURTAILING TAX AVOIDANCE
The action plan also contains concrete measures aimed at what it calls tax “avoidance.” One of the most significant would curtail deductions on intracompany loans that are more like equity investments than debt, which bank holding companies use widely. Another would close the loopholes concerning tax residency that many technology companies have exploited to great effect. (See sidebar for a look at how Apple has done so.)
Regardless of what exactly the OECD eventually does, many experts contend that companies will find it difficult to continue using their most aggressive tax practices because of the backlash they now produce. Marc Sanders, a partner in the Amsterdam-based consulting firm VMW Taxand, told the April tax conference in New York that more and more companies have concluded that such practices now pose too much tax and reputational risk. As Sanders put it, “Mere letterbox or conduit companies don’t cut it anymore.”
HOW AN IRISH SUBSIDIARY PRODUCES STATELESS INCOME FOR APPLE
The case study on Apple that the US Senate’s Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations outlined in hearings in May offers a perfect example of what tax experts call “double nontaxation.”
Neither the company nor its Irish subsidiary Apple Operations International paid any tax anywhere on $29.9 billion that AOI earned from 2009 to 2012, owing to the difference in the way the US and Ireland define residency for tax purposes.
How so? Although AOI, which has no employees but is the holding company for most of Apple’s foreign entities, is incorporated in Ireland, it is not tax-resident in Ireland. That’s because AOI is neither managed nor controlled there, which is how Ireland defines tax residency, but rather in the US. And because AOI was not incorporated in the US, which is how the US defines residency, AOI is not a US tax resident under US tax law. The result of that double nontaxation is almost $30 billion in “stateless income,” to use yet another term of international tax art.
APPROACHES TO INTRACOMPANY INCOME TAXATION
There are two basic approaches to taxing income shifted by multinational corporations to, from and between subsidiaries in different jurisdictions, as follows:
1) The arms-length principle. Under this approach, which is used by most countries in the developed world under guidelines established by the OECD, companies must price these transactions as if they were conducted between independent companies (in effect, using the “market price” for the transaction).
Supporters say the arms-length principle for “transfer pricing” is the fairest means of taxing income generated by multinationals. Critics say companies take advantage of the leeway provided by this approach to shift more income to low-tax jurisdictions and more deductions to high-tax ones than they should so as to minimize or avoid tax.
2) Formulary apportionment. Under this approach, which the OECD is being urged by many emerging countries as well as nongovernmental organizations to adopt, companies would pay tax on such cross-border transactions based on a formula for apportioning profits among the jurisdictions in which they operate.
Critics say such a system would result in income being taxed by more than one jurisdiction unless countries can agree on a formula, and they contend such agreements would be difficult if not impossible to achieve. Supporters say its no more necessary for countries to agree on a formula for apportioning profits according to where they are earned than it is for them to apply the same tax rates, so long as they can resolve their difference through tax treaties, as they do now.
Some supporters say such a system should also require that companies report to each country what they earn elsewhere. When such reporting is combined with formulary apportionment, the resulting approach is known as “unitary taxation.”

Full text in https://www.gfmag.com/magazine/september-2013/cover-story-the-global-war-on-tax-havens





          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        


Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information


The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website http://ec.europa.eu/





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          Spa Spy: Le Prince Maurice, Mauritius        
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Uzun süredir çalışmalar yürüten araştırmacılar, sonunda Kayıp Kıtanın yerini tespit ettiler.

Böyle bir teknolojiye sahipken ve teknoloji çağında yaşarken bir kıta nasıl kayıp olabildi ?

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Bunların detaylı açıklamasını öğrenmek istiyorsanız haberimize buyurun.

Bundan yaklaşık bir milyar yıl önce yeryüzünde bulunan bütün kıtalar birleşik, tek bir bütün halideydi. Rodinya adı verilen bu devasa kıta, daha sonrasında çeşitli doğal oluşumlar sonucunda ayrılarak şimdiki kıtalara şeklini verdi.





Fakat bu ayrılmadan sonra oluşan kıtalardan biri olmasına rağmen günümüzde mevcut olmayan, bu sebeple de 'Kayıp Kıta' adı verilen bir kıta söz konusu. İşte bilim insanları, bu kıtanın nerede olduğunu bulmuş durumdalar.

Volkanik lav içindeki kristaller sayesinde deniz altında saklı kıtayla alakalı bazı kanıtlar elde eden bilim insanları, bu kristallerin 2,5 ila 3 milyar yıl öncesinden kalma zirkon kristali parçaları olduğunu keşfetmişler. 

Söz konusu kristaller de, Kayıp Kıta'dan yüzeye volkan lavları ile taşınmaktalar.



Elde ettikleri veriler sonucunda, Kayıp Kıta'nın Doğu Afrika'daki ada ülkesi Mauritius'un bulunduğu yerde olduğunu belirleyen araştırmacılar, volkanik lavlardaki kristallerin daha detaylı araştırılmaları sonucu kıtaya yönelik daha fazla kanıt bulabileceklerini ifade etmekteler.

Norveç, Güney Afrika, Almanya ve İngiltere'den bilim adamları, 2013 yılında, Hint Okyanusu'nun tabanında 50-80 milyon yıl öncesine ait yaklaşık 25-30 kilometre kalınlığında bir kara kütlesi keşfetmişlerdi.



"Mauritia" adı verilen kayıp kıtanın dev dalgaların altında kalması sonucu okyanusun derinliklerine gömüldüğü düşünülmekte.


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Loss of Biodiversity
The colonization of Tropical Island by humans is said to have led to extinction of more than 2,000 species of native birds. According the IUCN Red last (2004) 784 species of organisms are extinct in the last 5 years such as vertebrates (338), invertebrates (359), and 87 plants. Some recent examples are the dodo( Mauritius), quagga (Africa) thylacine (Australia).teller’s Sea Cow(Russia) and three subspecies( Bali, Javan, Caspian) of tiger. Recently in last 20 years 27 species disappeared.
Species facing the threat of Extinction are 12%of all bird species, 23% of all mammal species, 32% of all amphibian species and 31% of all gymnosperm species in the world.
Consequences of loss of Biodiversity
1. Decline in plant production
2. lowered persistence to environmental perturbations such as drought
3. Increased variability in certain ecosystems processes such as plant productivity, water use, and pest and disease cycles.
Causes of biodiversity losses
Habitat loss and fragmentation
:

This is the most important cause of extinction of plant and animals. When the habitat is lost the organisms either dies or moves to new habitats. Rain forest were covering 14% of earth’s land surface but now it is only 6%.The Amazon rain forest (it is so huge that it is called the ‘lungs of the planet’)millions of species cut and cleared for cultivating for growing Soya beans or for conversion to grasslands for raising beef cattle. Pollution is also one of the causes of threatening of many species. When large habitats are broken into small fragments due to various human activity, mammals and birds which needs large areas to live and certain animals with migratory habitats are badly affected, leading to populations declines.
Over-exploitation: Many species in the last 500 years (Steller’s sea cow, passenger pigeon) were extinct due to overexploitation by humans.
Alien species invasions: Sometimes introduction of alien species cause disappearance of native species.
Examples
· The Nile perch, an exotic predatory fish was introduced in Lake Victoria in east Africa resulted in elimination of more than 200 species of small Cichlid fish that were endemic in Lake Victoria.
· Invasive weed species like Carrot grass (Parthenium), Lantana threat posed to our native species.
· Water Hyacinth (Eicchornia) has resulted in Chogged Rivers and lakes which has threatened the survival of many aquatic species in lakes and ponds.
· The recent illegal introduction of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus for aquaculture posing a threat to the indigenous catfishes in our rivers.
Co-extinctions: When a species becomes extinct. The plant animal species associated with it an obligatory way also become extinct. When a host fish species becomes extinct its parasites also get extinct. Another example is the case of a coevolved plant- pollinator mutualism where extinction of one invariably leads to the extinction of the other.
Biodiversity Conservation
Why we should conserve Biodiversity?

a. The Narrowly utilitarian reasons: Human get benefits directly from nature such as Food-Cereals pulses fruits, firewood, fibers, construction material industrial products (tannins, lubricants, dyes, resins, perfumes) products of medicinal importance. More than 25% drugs sold in the market are derived from the plants and 25,000 species of plants are used by native people around the world.
b. The broadly utilitarian reasons: Biodiversity plays a major role in many ecosystems services that nature provides. Amazon forest is estimated to produce 20% of the total oxygen in the earth’s atmosphere. Pollination without (which plants cannot give us fruits or seeds)is another service, ecosystems provide through pollinators layer- bees, bumble bees, birds and bats.
c. Ethical: We also derive the aesthetic pleasures of walking through thick woods, watching spring flowers in full bloom or walking up to a bulbul’s song in the morning. This is our moral duty to care for their well being and pass on our biological legacy n good order to future generations.
How do we conserve Biodiversity?
Ex situ Conservation:
1. Hotspots
· To protect the organism biodiversity hot spots regions are identified. Hot spots are the richest and the most threatened reservoirs of plant and animal life. There are two criteria’s for determining the hot spot.
· Number of endemic species.
· Degree of threat, which is determined in terms of habitat loss.
· Initially 25 bio diversity hot spots were identified but now the total number of bio diversity hot spots in the world is 34.

.Three of these hot spots are Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo- Burma and Eastern Himalayas.
· Though the area of bio diversity hot spots cover less than 2% of the total earth’s area but because of strict protection of these hot spots reduce the extinctions rate to 30%.
2. BIO SPHERE RESERVES
Bio sphere reserves are the protected area of land. In India there are 14 bio sphere reserves such as Nanda Devi, Sunder Vans. In India 19 National Parks and 448 Wild Life Centuries are present. In our country many plants and animals are sacred and worshiped by local peoples, so trees and wild life within are venerated and given total protection. Such sacred groves are found in Khasi and Jaintia hills in Meghalaya, Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan, and Western Ghats regions of M.P. In Meghalaya, the sacred groves are the last refuges for a large number of rare and threatened plants.
EX SIU CONSERVATION
In this conservation threatened animals and plants are taken out from their natural habitat and placed in a place where they can be protected and given special care. Such as Zoological Parks, Botanical Garden, and wild life safari parks.
CRYOPRESERVATION –Gametes OF threatened species can be preserved in viable and fertile condition for long periods using CRYOPRESERVATION techniques. It is a technique by which plants and animals parts can be preserved in liquid nitrogen at a temperature of -196 0C
TISSUE CULTURE TECHNIQUE:
Eggs can be fertilized in vitro, and plants can be propagated tissue culture methods.
Seed Banks
Seeds of different genetic strains of commercially important plants can be kept for long periods in seed banks.


The historic Convention on Biological Diversity (‘The Earth Summit’) held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992., called upon all nations to take appropriate measures for conservation of biodiversity and sustainable utilization of its benefits. In a follow up, the World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johensberg, South Africa, 190 countries pledged their commitment to achieve by 2010, to reduce the current rate of biodiversity loss at global, regional and local levels.


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          Jackpot Capital Exclusive Free Spins        

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          à®’ர் ஈழத் தமிழனே= உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாட்டின் தந்தை!        
Xavier தனிநாயகம் அடிகள்!
= இந்த "ஈழத் தமிழரின்" நூற்றாண்டு விழா.. நாளை (Aug 2 - 2013)

யாருய்யா இவரு?
= நமக்குத் தெரியுமா?
= தெரியலீன்னாலும் பரவாயில்லை; தெரிந்து கொள்ளும் ஆர்வம் இருக்கா? - நல்ல தமிழுக்கு உழைத்த நல்லோர் பற்றி?
மறைந்த நடிகை மஞ்சுளா அவர்களின் மருமகன் = "இயக்குநர் ஹரி" -ன்னு தெரிஞ்சி வச்சிக்கறோம்!
கலைஞரைப் பிடிக்காதவர்கள் கூட, அவர் பேரன் பேரு = "ஆதித்யா" -ன்னு தெரிஞ்சி வச்சிக்கறாங்க;
ஆனால்,  Xavier தனிநாயகம் அடிகள்??

மறைவாக நமக்குள்ளே பழங்கதைகள்
சொல்வதிலோர் மகிமை இல்லை;
திறமான புலமையெனில் வெளிநாட்டோர்
அதைவணக்கஞ் செய்தல் வேண்டும் - பாரதி

2000+ ஆண்டுக்கு முன்னுள்ள தொல்காப்பியத்  à®¤à®®à®¿à®´à¯ /  à®“சை நுட்பம் -ன்னுல்லாம் நாமளே பேசிக்கறோமே?  à®†à®©à®¾à®²à¯ உலகம் பேசுமா???

பக்கத்தில் இருக்குற "தெலுங்கானா" நண்பன் கூட ஒத்துக்க மாட்டான் = தமிழ் 2000+ yrs முன்னுள்ள மொழி-ன்னு:)
ஆனா, "வேதம்" -ன்னு ஒசத்தியாப் பேசுவான்;
Vedas -ன்னு வெள்ளைக்காரனும் பேசுவான்! Power of Religious Marketing:)

ஆனால், தமிழையும், அப்படிப் பேச வைத்தவர் = ஒர் "ஈழத் தமிழர்"!



தமிழைத், தமிழகத்துக்கு வெளியேயும் பரவச் செய்ததில் பெரும் பங்கு! = Xavier Thanai Nayagam AdigaLar!
கிறிஸ்துவர் என்பதால், "அயல் நாட்டவர்" -ன்னு முடிவு கட்டிறாதீக! இவர் தாய் மண் = தமிழ் ஈழம் தான்!


* இராபர்ட் நொபிலி (Robert De Nobile - Italy)
* சீகன் பால்க் (Ziegenbalg - Germany)
* வீரமாமுனிவர் (Constantine Joseph Beschi - Italy)
* கால்டுவெல் (Robert Caldwell - Ireland)
* ஜி.யு. போப் (G.U. Pope - Canada/ England)
* à®´à®¾à®©à¯ பில்லியொசா (Jean Filliozat - France) (திருமுருகாற்றுப்படை & திருப்பாவை அறிஞர்)
-ன்னு பல பேரு, தமிழகத்துக்கு வெளியே, தமிழ் ஆய்வு செய்துள்ளார்கள்!

அண்மைய அறிஞர்கள்
* கமில் சுவலெபில் (Kamil Zvelebil - Praha, Czechoslovakia)
* ஜார்ஜ் ஹார்ட் (George Hart, California, USA)
-ன்னு, அந்தத் தமிழ் ஆய்வு தொடர்ந்தது/ தொடர்கிறது...

Young Xavier Thaninayagam
ஆனால்...
தனிப்பட்ட ஆய்வில் மட்டும் நிற்காமல்,
பலரையும் திரட்டியவர் = தனிநாயகம் அடிகளார்!

இப்படித் திரட்டியதால் தான், மேலும் பலருக்கு வெளிச்சம் பரவி, "தமிழ்" என்ற வெண்கொற்றக் குடையின் கீழ், பிற நாட்டு நல்லறிஞர் ஒருங்கிணைந்தார்கள்

அப்படி, அவர், திரட்ட உருவாக்கிய ஆயுதம் = "உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாடு"


Ulaga Tamizh Maanaadu - Chennai, 1968
Arignar Anna with President Zakir Hussain, Kalaignar at the back

IATR - International Assocation of Tamil Research (உலகத் தமிழ் ஆராய்ச்சிக் குழுமம்) என்பதை உருவாக்கி...
பல வெளிநாட்டுப் பல்கலைக் கழகங்களில், Tamil Chair என்று உருவாக வழி வகுத்து...

"உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாடு" என்றொரு நிகழ்வைத் தோற்றுவித்தவரே
= சேவியர் தனிநாயகம் அடிகளார் தான்!

1966 = 1st Word Tamil Conference = மலேசியா
2nd = Chennai
3rd = Paris
4th = Yaazh paaNam (Jaffna) - துயரம் கலந்த தமிழ் மாநாடு!

அடிகளார் இறந்து விட்டார்...

5th = Madurai
6th = Kuala Lumpur
7th = Mauritius
8th = Thanjavur

{இப்படி வழி வழி வந்த வாழையடி வாழை...
அதைத் தான் கலைஞர். கருணாநிதி, தன் வசதிக்கு வரலை-ன்னு உடைச்சாரு:(
உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாடு -> உலகச் செம்மொழி மாநாடு -ன்னு புது "அவதாரம்" எடுத்தது, 2010-இல்!

"தன் வழிக்கு வரவில்லை என்றால், தன் குடியையே பிரித்தாளு"
= இதென்ன வள்ளுவர் அறமா?
= "சாணக்கியத்" தந்திரம் அல்லவா!
வடநெறிக் காவலர் ஆகி விட்டார் போலும் கலைஞர்!

தமிழினும் காமமே பெரிது என்று "மவுண்ட் ரோடு மகா விஷ்ணுக்களோடு" சம்பந்தி ஆகி விட்டவர், வேறென்ன செய்ய முடியும்?:)
நம் பதிவுக்குத் தேவையற்ற ஒன்று; அடிகளாரைப் பற்றி மட்டும் காண்போம்!}



ஈழத்திலுள்ள காவலூர் (Kayts - ஊர்க்காவற் துறை)
யாழ்ப்பாண உச்சித் தீவுகளில் -  à®¹à¯†à®©à¯à®±à®¿ & இராசம்மா - இவர்களின் பிள்ளையாகப் பிறந்தார் சேவியர்; (Aug 2, 1913)

யாழ்ப்பாணம், கொழும்பு என்று கல்லூரிகளில் படித்தவர்..
திருவனந்தபுரம் (இந்தியா) மூலமாக, இறையியல் (Religion) படிக்க, வெளிநாடு சென்றார்;
மீண்டு வந்து, வ.உ.சி (எ) மறத் தமிழ் அறிஞனைத் தந்த, தூத்துக்குடியில் தங்கிப் பணியாற்றினார்;

அண்ணாமலைப் பல்கலையில், தமிழறிஞர் தெ.பொ.மீ உந்துதலால், தமிழிலும் பட்டம் பெற்றார்;
அப்போது எழுந்த ஆராய்ச்சிக் கட்டுரை தான் = A study of Nature in Sanga Tamizh! (சங்கத் தமிழிலே இயற்கை)

இது, amazon.com இலும் கிடைக்கிறது;  "List of English Books on சங்கத் தமிழ்" - dosa365 à®¤à®³à®¤à¯à®¤à®¿à®²à¯à®®à¯ கொடுத்துள்ளேன் (தினமொரு சங்கத் தமிழ்);

இலங்கைக்கே மீண்டும் சென்று, பின்பு இங்கிலாந்து, மலேசியா என்று Academic Circles - சுற்றிக் கொண்டே இருந்தார் அடிகளார்;
மலேசியப் பல்கலையில், தமிழ்ப் பேராசிரியராகவும் ஆனார்;
Academic Circles எனப்படும் கல்விக் குழுமங்களில், "தமிழ், தமிழ்" என்று புதிதாக ஒலிக்கத் துவங்கியது;

அப்படி என்னய்யா இருக்கு தமிழ்ல? 
அதுவும் வெள்ளைக்காரன் கல்லூரியில் = தமிழுக்கு எதுக்குய்யா மெனக் கெடணும்?
அடிகளார் வாயாலேயே கேட்போமா?


Nobody knows Tamizh!:(

"If Latin = is the Language of Law & Medicine
French = the Language of the Diplomacy
German = the Language of Science
And English = the Language of Commerce
Then Tamil = is the Language of Bhakti & Innate Devotion

தமிழ் மொழி = இந்துக்களுக்கு மட்டும் உரியதன்று! 
குறிப்பாகச் சைவர்களுக்கு மட்டுமே உரியதன்று! அப்படியொரு தோற்றம், வழி வழி வந்த பண்டிதர்களால் கொடுக்கப்பட்டு விட்டது;

தமிழ் மொழி = வைணவர், சமணர், பௌத்தர், இசுலாமியர், கிறித்துவர் என சிறுபான்மைச் சமயத்தவர்களுக்கும் உரிய தனித்துவமான மொழி!"
என்று வீறுடன் உரைத்தவர் அடிகளார்!

தமிழ்த் திறனாய்வு (Tamil Research) என்பதில், அடிகளார், முற்றிலுமாய்த் தலை-கீழ் மாற்றங்கள் செய்தார்;
அது வரை வ.வே.சு ஐயர், டி.கே.சி போன்றவர்கள் = 1) மதம் 2) ரசனை என்பதை மட்டுமே அடிப்படையாக வைத்து, திறனாய்வுக்கு வித்திட்டனர்;

ஆனால், அடிகளார், பல நாடுகளிலும் பயின்றவர் அல்லவா? "அறிவியல் பார்வை" அவருக்கு இயல்பிலேயே இருந்தது!

சமய வெளியைத் தாண்டி வந்து... 
"அறிவியல் பார்வையில்" தமிழ்
என்று அணுகும் முறையைப் பெரிதும் ஊக்குவித்தார்; அதனால் தான், பன்னாட்டுப் பல்கலைக் கழகங்களில், தமிழ்க் கொடியும் பறக்க முடிந்தது;




"உலகத் தமிழ்" என்பதற்கும் வித்தினை நட்டார்!
எங்கே? = காங்கிரஸ் கோலோச்சும் தில்லி மாநகரில்! 1964!

தனியொரு ஆளாக, மத்திய அரசிடம், நேரில் சென்று வாதாடக் கூடிய மேலாண்மை பெற்ற அறிஞர்! (தன் "குடும்ப மந்திரிசபைக்கு" அல்ல)

தன் முன்னாள் ஆசிரியர் தெ.பொ.மீ,  à®Ÿà®¾à®•à¯à®Ÿà®°à¯ மு.வ  à®…வர்களுடன் சேர்ந்து..
Professor Filliozat (Paris), Prof. Burrow (Oxford),  Prof. Kuiper (Hague)
- என்று பன்னாட்டு அறிஞர்களையும், அரசின் முன் நிறுத்தி, தமிழ்த் திட்டங்கள் வகுக்க ஆரம்பித்தார்!

அப்படி உருவானதே! = முதல் உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாடு! (கோலாலம்பூர் - 1966)


பின்பு, அறிஞர் அண்ணா நடத்திய = இரண்டாம் உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாட்டில் (சென்னை - 1968)...
"தனிநாயகம் அடிகளார் (எ) ஈழத் தமிழ்க் கொழுந்து" -என்று,
அண்ணா, அவரையே மாநாட்டுக்கு முன்னோடியாய் அறிவித்தார்; தன்னை அறிவித்துக் கொள்ளவில்லை:)

ஒரு செயல் வீரர் போல, ஓடியாடி உழைத்துச், சென்னை மாநாட்டை, அரசியலுக்கு அப்பாற்பட்டு, Academic என்று வெற்றி பெறச் செய்தார்!

அதே சமயம், "அறிஞர்" என்று அடைப்புக்குறிக்குள் தங்கி விடாமல்...
 "தமிழ்ப் பெருமை" மக்களிடமும் போய்ச் சேர வேண்டும் என்று = ரசனை மிக்கதாகவும் மாநாடு ஆக்கப்பட்டது!

சென்னைக் கடற்கரையில், எதிர்க்கட்சித் தலைவர்களும் கலந்து கொண்டு, திறந்து வைத்த தமிழ்ச் சான்றோர் சிலைகள், இன்றும் உள்ளன!

Some Research Papers during World Tamil Conferences:

* 1st உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாடு (கோலாலம்பூர்) = http://tamilnation.co/conferences/cnfMA66/index.htm

* 2nd உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாடு (சென்னை)
http://tamilnation.co/conferences/cnfTN68/index.htm
(ஓவியக் கலை - சங்க காலம் முதல் கம்பன் வரை - இதைத் தேடிப் படிங்க:))

* 4th உலகத் தமிழ் மாநாடு (யாழ்ப்பாணம்) = http://tamilnation.co/conferences/cnfJA74/index.htm
(தமிழ் - சிங்கள அரசர்கள் கலப்புத் திருமணம் பற்றிய கட்டுரையும் உண்டு)


தமிழ் = உலக மொழி ஆகணும்; 
(meaning: people of the world should atleast know the name of Tamizh - like Greek or Latin
They should realize, Humanity had a great culture existed & existing! = Not a Culture of Rituals, But a Culture of Heart)
அதற்கான தகுதி தமிழுக்கு உள்ளது; தமிழின் வளங்களை உலகமெங்கும் ஆங்கிலம் வாயிலாகப் பரப்ப வேண்டும் - என்பதே அடிகளார் நோக்கம்!

ஜ
          More OneCoin arrests, money trail leads to Bulgaria & Mauritius        
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          Tobacco Control Measures before Parliament Health Committee        

The Vision for Alternative Development (VALD) and Coalition on the Tobacco Control Bill, have called on Parliament to enact a strong and formidable law on tobacco control measures to protect the lives of the people.

They also appealed for the speedy passage of the Public Health Bill and avoid attempts of the tobacco industry in interfering in the making of public health policy, because it would not only affect the well-being of Ghana but was also a breach of article 5.3 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).

Mr Issah Ali, Executive Director of VALD who made the call in a statement copied to the Ghana News Agency in Accra said Ghana had failed to meet its obligations on article 8, 13 and 5.2 of the FCTC, deadline for which fell on February 27, 2010.

He said Ghana should have implemented a comprehensive ban on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship, ban smoking in public places and pass comprehensive tobacco control legislation five years after ratifying the FCTC.

Mr Ali said although Ghana was making headway in the process of enacting laws against tobacco, its urgency was unfortunately relegated.

‘Till it happens to a close relation or a friend, one might never realize how close and deadly the tobacco canker is to all of us. However, much as one might wish never to believe tobacco is dangerous especially to the secondhand smoker, the evidence is glaring and therefore must be curbed earnestly before it degenerates.”

The Executive Director stressed that the FCTC did not recognize the tobacco industry in the discussion of public health polices and therefore their participation in Ghana’s Parliamentary Select Committee on Health’s public health hearings on the Bill was a violation of the Convention.

He cautioned the legislature to be on the lookout for any attempt of the tobacco industry to interfere with public health policy.

“We should be wary because unlike other national health threats such as cholera, malaria, maternal mortality, among others, this menace has multinational public relations firms well established promoters and lobbyists who may not leave anything to chance in interfering with public health policies,” he noted.

Some countries have fallen prey to the tobacco industry interference in their public health policy, thereby making their tobacco control legislations weak and ineffective and this should be a wakeup call to Ghanaian policy makers, he urged.

Mr Ali stated, “The Tobacco Control Measures of the Public Health Bill when passed will mandate the implementation of pictorial health warnings on tobacco packs to enable smokers and non-smokers with low level of formal education to understand the hazardous effect of tobacco use and exposure to tobacco smoke."

He indicated that countries such as Mauritius, Egypt, and Djibouti, among others in Africa, have implemented a pictorial and text health warning covering on their tobacco pack.
          Advantages and disadvantages of job security        
Is government in Mauritius legalized training? With over 20 years innovation in information technology services and training for enterprises in Mauritius, the region and internationally, FRCI is today a leader in the ICT sector. FRCI is structured around 5 areas of expertise, all geared towards the same objective; customer satisfaction. FRCI was recognised as Microsoft... View Article
          Celebrity Birthday: Denrele Edun Is A Year Older Today        

Born Adenrele Oluwafemi Edun, June 13, 1983, Denrele is a TV presenter and actor. Born in Hamburg, Germany, to a Yoruba father and an Indian/Mauritius mother. Denrele grew up in Germany and came to Nigeria when he was five where he attended St Gregory’s College, Ikoyi and the University of Lagos. Known for his unique fashion style and personality, he started his television career as […]

The post Celebrity Birthday: Denrele Edun Is A Year Older Today appeared first on How Nigeria News.


          Comment on Kitesurf destinations by month – part 1 by Brightmen        
July Cabarete, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Mauritius, Naxos-Greece, Raratonga, Leucate-France, The gorge-USA, Pirlanta-Turkey, Bol-Croatia, Foddini-Italy, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Maui-USA, fiji, Tahiti, Essaouira-Morocco, Guincho-Portugal, el yaque-venezuela, rhodes-greece, levkada-greece, dakhla - morocco, Corsica, paros-Greece, porto pollo-Sardinia, Lanzarote, El Gouna-Egypt, Safaga-Egypt, Sinai, eilat-Israel, Paramali-Cyprus, Sri Lanka**, Maui-USA, Aruba-Carib, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru August Cabarete, El Gouna-Egypt, Fuerteventura, Tenerife, Brazil, Mauritius, cape verde, Naxos-Greece, Raratonga, The gorge-USA, Bol-Croatia, Pirlanta-Turkey, Foddini-Italy, Zanzibar-Tanzania, Guincho-Portugal, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Rangiroa-F.polynesia, Maui-USA, fiji, Tahiti, Essaouira-Morocco, Corsica, Rhodes-Greece, Paramali-Cyprus paros-Greece, Lanzarote, Safaga-Egypt, Eilat-Israel, Sinai, Sri Lanka**, Maui-USA, Aruba-Carib, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru September El Gouna-Egypt, Tucus-Brazil, Mauritius, Pirlanta-Turkey, Zanzibar-Tanzania, Seychelles*, solomon Islands, Rangiroa-F.polynesia, Sumbawa-indonesia, Maui-USA, Madagascar, UK, Corsica, rosslare-Ireland, Canada, Germany, Israel, Sinai, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru, Cumbuco Brazil October Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, Sumbawa-indonesia, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Chile, Watergate-UK, Esbjerg-Denmark, rosslare-Ireland, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Cape Hatteras-USA, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Mancora-Peru, Cumbuco Brazil November Melbourne, Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, Namibia, Sumbawa-indonesia, Auckland-NZ, Madagascar, New Caledonia, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Hong Kong, Leucate-France, Noordwijk ann Zee-Netherlands, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Cumbuco Brazil December Melbourne, Tucus-Brazil, Western Oz, cape town-South Africa La ventana-mexico, Namibia, Copal-Costa Rica, Mui Ne Bay-Vietnam, Auckland-NZ, Nashiro-Japan, Baja, New Caledonia, Boracay-philipines, Buenos aires-Argentina, Carmelo-Uruguay, Monastir-Tunisia, Hong Kong, Leucate-France, Cape Hatteras-USA, Tarifa, Puclaro-Chile, Yemen-Red Sea
          AIDA Kreuzfahrt Verlockung der Woche! 7/14 Tage Kanaren oder Indischer Ozean inkl. Vollpension und Flügen ab € 899 – Auch über Weihnachten und Silvester        

Nur noch heute buchbar! Sichert euch einen der letzten Plätze.

Bei der Verlockung der Woche von AIDA findet ihr heute z.B. die 7-tägige Kreuzfahrt "Kanaren & Madeira" ab/bis Gran Canaria mit der AIDAprima im Dezember und Januar in einer Innenkabine schon ab â‚¬ 899 pro Person bei 2 Reisenden. Die Hin- und Rückflüge sind im Preis bereits enthalten.

Alle Angebote in der Übersicht:

Bei der 14-tägigen Reise "Mauritius, Seychellen & Madagaskar" könnt ihr das An- und Abreisepaket inkl. Flügen ab € 1440 gleich mit hinzubuchen. Ihr findet aber auch billige Flüge bei flugladen.de oder skyscanner.de. Wer mag, kann seinen Urlaub ja um ein paar Tage vor der Abfahrt oder nach der Ankunft verlängern. Günstige Hotels findet ihr bei trivago oder venere.

Alle Angebote versprechen eine traumhafte Zeit auf See und sicher ist genau das Passende für euch dabei! Auf welchem Schiff ihr unterwegs seid steht im jeweiligen Angebot und die Bewertungen dazu findet ihr wie immer bei HolidayCheck.de.

AIDA schreibt dazu: "Jede Woche verlocken wir Sie aufs Neue mit reizvollen Angeboten. Aber nur bis zur nächsten Woche, denn dann gibt es wieder eine neue interessante Angebotsvielfalt, bei der Sie vor Traumpreisen nur so in die Luft springen. Buchen Sie die Angebote verlockend günstig. Aber aufgepasst, die Aktionspreise können im Laufe der Woche steigen."

Buchungszeitraum: 03.08. - 10.08.2017 ca. 18:00 Uhr

Reisezeitraum: zwischen Dezember 2017 und Januar 2018

Bei allen AIDA Kreuzfahrten ab/bis Hafen sind folgende Leistungen inklusive:

  • Seereise
  • Hafengebühren
  • Vollpension an Bord
  • Alle Getränke zu den Hauptmahlzeiten in den Buffet-Restaurants (Tischwein, Bier, Softdrinks)
  • Trinkgelder
  • Nutzung von attraktiven Wellnessangeboten
  • Nutzung eines vielseitigen Sportangebots
  • Besuch der Shows & Veranstaltungen an Bord
  • Kinderbetreuung im Kids Club
  • Deutschsprachige Reiseleitung

Bei einer AIDA Kreuzfahrt inkl. Flug zusätzlich:

  • Hin- und Rückflüge
  • Transfers
  • Hafen-Check-in (vorbehaltlich behördlicher Genehmigung und abhängig von der Tageszeit)
  • Bei einer eventuellen Verschiebung der Flugzeiten kümmert sich AIDA um Sie

Hier geht's zu den Schnäppchen

The post AIDA Kreuzfahrt Verlockung der Woche! 7/14 Tage Kanaren oder Indischer Ozean inkl. Vollpension und Flügen ab € 899 – Auch über Weihnachten und Silvester appeared first on Reisehugo.de.


          The Louis Berger Group celebrates the first test flight at Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport        

The Louis Berger Group, Inc. (Louis Berger) recently celebrated the first commercial test flight from the New Terminal Building at Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport (SSRIA) in the Republic of Mauritius. Louis Berger serves as the program manager of the airport expansion project on behalf of Airport Terminal Operations Ltd., a company formed by Airports of Mauritius Limited (AML) and Aéroports de Paris Management.

(PRWeb April 02, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/4/prweb10577883.htm


          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauAfrica is the second-largest continent in the world.Here is the list of 55 countries in Africa and their capitals.
Africa
Africa






S.no.
Countries
Capitals
1.
Algeria
Algiers
2.
Angola
Luanda
3.
Benin
Porto-Novo
4.
Botswana
Gaborone
5.
Burkina Faso
Ouagadougou
6.
Burundi
Bujumbura
7.
Cameroon
Yaoundé
8.
Cape Verde
Praia
9.
The Central African Republic
Bangui
10.
The Comoros
Moroni
11.
Cote d'Ivoire
Yamoussoukro
12.
The Democratic Republic of the Congo
Kinshasa
13.
Djibouti
Djibouti
14.
Egypt
Cairo
16.
Equatorial Guinea
Malabo
17.
Eritrea
Asmara
18.
Ethiopia
Addis Ababa
19.
Gabon
Libreville
20.
The Gambia
Banjul
21.
Ghana
Accra
22.
Guinea
Conakry
23.
Guinea-Bissau
Bissau
24.
Chad
N'Djamena
25.
Kenya
Nairobi
26.
Lesotho
Maseru
27.
Liberia
Monrovia
28.
Libya
Tripoli
29.
Madagascar
Antananarivo
30.
Malawi
Lilongwe

31.
Mali
Bamako
32.
Mauritania
Nouakchott
33.
Mauritius
Port Louis
34.
Morocco
Rabat
35.
Mozambique
Maputo
36.
Namibia
Windhoek
37.
Niger
Niamey
38.
Nigeria
Abuja
39.
The Republic of the Congo
Brazzaville
40.
Rwanda
Kigali
41.
Sao Tome and Principe
São Tomé


42.
Senegal
Dakar
43.
The Seychelles
Victoria
44.
Sierra Leone
Freetown
45.
Somalia
Mogadishu
46.
South Africa
Pretoria
47.
Sudan
Khartoum
48.
Swaziland
Mbabane
49.
Tanzania
Dodoma
50.
Togo
Lomé
51.
Tunisia
Tunis
52.
Uganda
Kampala
53.
Western Sahara
Laayoune
54.
Zambia
Lusaka
55.
Zimbabwe
Harare

          Mauritius Images vermarktet ab jetzt Seepia Fotografie        

Deutschlands größte, inhabergeführte und unabhängige Bildagentur kam vor kurzem mit der Frage auf mich zu, ob ich Interesse an einer Zusammenarbeit hätte. Und jetzt endlich ist es offiziell: Mauritius Images wird als Stockfoto-Agentur künftig meine Bilder exklusiv vermarkten...

Der Beitrag Mauritius Images vermarktet ab jetzt Seepia Fotografie erschien zuerst auf Seepia Fotografie.


           Is Muscovado Sugar a Better Choice Compared to Normal Sugar?        
Muscovado sugar is a moist, fine-grained cane sugar originating from Mauritius. It is the best deal when it comes to sweetness as it brings the goodness of sugar cane to your taste.

           Kavita Kaushik's Mauritius holiday        
Stars go for the loveliest holidays -- exotic locations with a lot of adventure thrown in. We bring you their travels in a special series. Karisma Kap...
          10 Buses burnt in Dhaka,RAB guarding street in combat fashion        
UNB, Dhaka, 11 June : Rapid Action Battalion (RAB) and riot police were guarding the streets in the capital as pre-hartal violence marked by burning buses seemingly marred the normal life late Saturday afternoon.
Police and fire brigade sources confirmed that at least 10 vehicles, including passenger buses, auto rickshaws and yellow cabs, were burnt in different parts of the capital since Saturday afternoon to 10:00pm allegedly by hartal activists to create panic among the city dwellers and force them to stay inside. Fire Brigade sources said 10 vehicles were set to afire at Motijheel, Chawkbazar, Agargaon, Pallabi, Bangla College, Badda and Kakrail areas in between 1:30 pm to 10 pm.
Opposition BNP and its allies including Jamaat-e-Islami called for 36-hour marathon hartal across the country from Sunday morning to protest the government move to cancel the system of non-party caretaker government to oversee the general elections. The shutdown was also called to protest the price-hike of essentials, deteriorating law and order situation and the government’s failure to resolve gas-electricity-water crises and its failure to make the share market stable.
Witnesses said most private buses and cars went off the streets after the burning of buses in the afternoon. RAB and riot police in combat fashion either took positions at different strategic points or patrolling the streets in a bid to maintain order. Police said so far 54 pro-hartal activists were arrested from different parts in the capital including Ramna, Tajgaon, Mirpur, Mohammadpur, Adabar, Shahbagh and Sabujbagh areas and punished them with one month to three months in jail on charge of ‘obstructing police duty.’
BNP acting secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir has alleged that police have started searching and raiding the houses of BNP leaders and workers across the country. He claimed more than 100 opposition leaders and workers were arrested till Saturday afternoon.
The 36-hour shutdown would be the first of its kind by the opposition party against Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s two and a half years old government. Sunday-Monday hartal comes within a week as BNP enforced the last hartal on 5 June on the same issue. န File Photos : AP

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Mamta's cabinet to meet on Monday to discuss Singur 'bill'
Kolkata, 11 June : The West Bengal state cabinet will meet on 13 June to discuss the Singur 'Bill' before it is tabled in the Assembly, with the draft submitted to the Chief Minister's Office today, state Law Minister Maloy Ghatak told Bengal Newz over phone.
The Bill, being prepared by the Industry Department, would seek to revoke the lease agreement between the Tatas and WBIDC by virtue of which nearly 1,000 acre would be reclaimed by the state at Singur, the site of the abandoned Tata Motors Nano project.

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UNFPA approved Bangladesh's $70 M Country Programme
Dhaka, 11 June : A country programme for Bangladesh has been considered and approved today during the Executive Board meeting of the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA).
The purpose of the programme is to continue UNFPA's work in the areas of population development, reproductive health and gender equality, according to a release of Bangladesh Permanent Mission in New York.
The programme will focus on reducing inequalities, improving health human resources, improving the quality of emergency obstetric care and providing youth friendly services. It is based on the situation analysis, the programme evaluation and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF), 2012-2016.
The approved country programme is $70 million, of which $40 million from regular budget. This is in line with the Bangladesh government's commitment to double the percentage of skilled birth attendance, reduce the rate of adolescent pregnancies and to halve the unmet need for family planning by 2015.
The USA, Sweden and Tanzania appreciated the work being done in Bangladeshand reiterated their support for the country programme. The US delegate stressed the need to work with vulnerable groups such as commercial sex workers and drug users in order to tackle the problem of HIV/AIDS. Sweden emphasized the need to involve all stakeholders to be more effective.

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Grenade explodes in front of Assam Rifle unit in Meghalaya
Shillong, 11 June : A grenade blast occurred in front of the main gate of an Assam Rifles unit here today but there was no casualty.
An Assam Rifles spokesman said a 42-year-old civilian, apparently in inebriated condition, allegedly lobbed the grenade at a drain in front of the unit gate located at Madanriting in the city this evening.

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Let black money flow : Dhaka Stock Exchange's chief Rizvi
Dhaka, 11 June : Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE) wants the provision to legalise black money to stay for the companies listed in the share market.
“The opportunity to invest unaccounted income in government treasury bonds should be given to the companies listed in the share market,” DSE president Shakil Rizvi told a post-budget press conference on Saturday.

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73,000 villages to have banking facility by 2012: FM Pranab
Raghunathganj, 11 June : Indian Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee today said 73,000 villages in the country would have banking facility by next year.
"By 31 March, 2012, banking facility will be available in 73,000 villages across the country going by the current pace of work," Mukherjee said after inaugurating a Punjab National Bank (PNB) branch at Talai under Raghunathganj police station area in Murshidabad district.
Mukherjee said the government wants to enable every citizen of the country to avail banking facility in future. He said Talai was among the 117 villages of the country to have been chosen by the PNB to mark its 117th year, where branches were being set up and local development projects undertaken.
Pranab Mukherjee also inaugurated an agri-training centre in the village and hoped it would help farmers acquire modern farming skills for better yield.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
PM Hasina inaugurates two power plants at Meghanaghat
UNB, Narayanganj, 11 June : Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina formally inaugurated a 100 MW furnace oil-fired Quick Rental Power Plant at Meghnaghat today.
She also laid the foundation of a 335-MW duel-fuel combined cycle power plant at the same place. Hasina inaugurated the 25.17 MW captive power plant, set up by Everest Power Generation Company, a sister concern of Meghna Group.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
It's a good decision : Min Pranab on the bill on Singur land
Kolkata, 11 June : Indian Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee today made light of the criticism being faced by West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee for first announcing an ordinance and then saying a bill would be moved in the assembly to reclaim the 400 acre at Singur.
"So what? It's a good decision," Mukherjee told reporters in reply to a question before leaving for his Jangipur Lok Sabha constituency in Murshidabad district.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Khaplang issues counter expulsions, splits in NSCN group
PTI, Kohima, 11 June : Two days after his expulsion from Khole-Kitovi group of NSCN, its former chairman has come up with counter-expulsion orders against senior functionaries of GPRN/NSCN terming it as an "unification group", indicating further splits in the Naga insurgent outfit.
Using the nomenclature of National Socialist Council of Nagaland and addressing himself as its chairman, S S Khaplang yesterday issued two expulsion orders -- one for general secretary N Kitovi Zhimomi and the other for 'kilo kilonser' (home minister) Azheto Chophy and six other functionaries of GPRN/NSCN.
The expulsion orders, issued to the media through P Tikhak who termed himself as "spokesperson of NSCN(K)," described the expelled functionaries as "members of the unification camp" and said they were expelled for their "anti-party activities".

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Monsoon likely to advance to Indian North-east in two days
Kolkata, 11 June : Conditions are favourable for the Southwest Monsoon to advance to the northeast and some parts of north Bengal in the next two days, the weathermen said today.
Director of the regional meteorological centre G C Debnath told Bengal Newz that radar watch of the monsoon current confirmed the existence of favourable conditions for its advance to the northeast and north Bengal.
Thereafter, Debnath said, the flow would somewhat weaken causing delay in its arrival in eastern India. However, good rainfall activity will continue along the west coast and northeastern states.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Manipur fixes urea price at Rs 400 per Bag to help farmers
PTI, Imphal, 11 June : In a move to help farmers, Manipur government has decided to provide them urea at Rs 400 per bag of 50 kg, official sources said today.
The decision to reduce the price from about Rs 600 per bag was taken during a cabinet meeting presided over by the Chief Minister O Ibobi Singh yesterday, sources said. The amount of Rs 2 crores, sanctioned by the state cabinet, would be used in giving subsidy to 10,000 metric tonnes of urea to ensure urea to farmers at Rs 400 per bag, the sourced added.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Amitav Ghosh comes out with second of his Ibis Trilogy...
PTI, New Delhi, 11 June : The Ibis after its tumultuous voyage across the Indian Ocean to the Mauritius Islands has now moved to Canton in China in a fascinating build-up to the Opium Wars.
Three years after the internationally-acclaimed beginning to his masterful epic, the Ibis Trilogy with the Man Booker Prize-shortlisted "Sea of Poppies", author Amitav Ghosh returns with another engrossing novel depicting the further adventures of those aboard the Ibis.
"River of Smoke" is second of the trilogy of Ibis, is published by Hamish Hamilton, an imprint of Penguin.
In September 1838, a storm blows up on the Indian Ocean and the Ibis, having a motley array of sailors and stowaways, convicts and indentured labourers and moving from Kolkata to Mauritius, is caught up in the whirlwind. When the seas settle, five men have disappeared - two lascars, two convicts and one of the passengers.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------www.bengalnewz.com-----

          New Housing Option has Global Outlook        

Living Large

Orchard North has branched out. The apartment-style building is home to the new Global Living Center, whose 60 student residents are diverse in their geography, language, culture and gender.

“We live in an increasingly smaller world, and our students need to be able to communicate in that world,” explains Director of Residence Life John Piga. “We’re fostering that learning by creating a microcosm of the planet in a residence hall.”

The initiative was devised by a committee that comprised Piga; Papa Sarr, director of the Center for International Students and Scholars; Leslie Doolittle, assistant dean of academic services; Natalie Schlegel, director of the Cronin Office of International Education; Doreen Floyd, assistant dean of students; and Don McNemar, senior lecturer of global studies. The center’s target audience is students who have studied or lived abroad, who are multilingual, or who simply want to connect with international peers. Close to 100 students applied for the 60 spots available this fall.

Surprising Insights

Some residents, like Yashika Mody ’12, are veterans of a “global living” floor located in Slade Hall. Mody – who is East Indian and grew up in Singapore – touts the surprising insights that spring up in conversations among her roommates, who hail from Brazil, France, Mauritius and the United States.

“We’ve talked about the differences in our education systems and about great places to travel,” says Mody, who has a double major in Management and the Liberal Studies concentration Global Perspectives. “It’s a great way to build experience in how to interact with other cultures.”

Orchard North offered the right mix of size and amenities for the expanded venture in global living. Each of the 12 apartments has three bedrooms, accommodating up to five residents. Dedicated laundry and kitchen facilities make the building ideal for international students like Mody, who often stay on campus during holiday and semester breaks.

Richard Adjei ’10 is one of the center’s two resident assistants. He finds that informal conversation often produces the most understanding.

“We get into religion and politics – our own and America’s,” explains the Ghana native. “We talk about Iraq and Somalia, about Venezuela and Chavez. I knew I would meet a lot of people here and learn a lot from them.”

Other Home Improvements

Bentley students taking a more inward journey are prime candidates for “wellness housing.” Since 2006, the option has served up to 20 students per year in the Cape and Castle residences. The program’s capacity tripled for 2009-2010, courtesy of a designated floor in Slade Hall. Students who chose wellness housing explore topics such as nutrition, exercise, time management, and spirituality.

Other campus residences received new carpeting, paint and furniture as well as upgrades to study lounges and common areas. Ron Ardizzone, director of housing and student systems, led the effort.

The fall semester also brought an expanded menu of dining choices. The new Mongolian Grill is an Asian-inspired stir-fry station, while Sandella’s Flatbread Café serves highly portable fare on brick-oven bread; both are located in the Student Center.

New eateries and refreshed living spaces help students see the value in community living, according to Residence Life Director Piga. And the numbers suggest that the message is received: About 80 percent of full-time undergraduates opt for Bentley housing.

 

 

Ecosystem Image: 
Written by: 
Jennifer A. Spira

          â€˜Learning in Context’ | eLearning Africa program announced        
Details of this year’s eLearning Africa conference, which will take place in Mauritius from September 27 – 29, have been announced, with a comprehensive program of relevant events all linking under the theme ‘Learning in Context.’ The congress coincides with UNESCO’s International … Continue reading
          Business Game Changers Radio with Sarah Westall: On the Brink of WWIII - Why the U.S. is in Syria and How it Dominates Militarily with Space Technology        
EpisodeWorld War III is building up in the Middle East as 20 countries participate in a military “exercise” dubbed “Northern Thunder”. The exercise includes 350,000 soldiers, 20 thousand tanks, 2450 warplanes, and 460 military helicopters supplied by Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Bahrain, Senegal, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Sudan, Kuwait, the Maldives, Morocco, Pakistan, Chad, Tunisia, Comoro Islands, Djibouti, Malaysia, Egypt, Mauritania, and Mauritius. While this is occurring, Turkey has been bom ...
          Busty Mauritius Girl Riding A White Tourist At Her Home        
Watch Busty Mauritius Girl Riding A White Tourist At Her Home at ExSexTape.com - best homemade sex videos and amateur porn movies.
          Thomas Cook India targets Middle India’s high growth honeymoon travel market        
Thomas Cook's Romantic Getaways feature India's favourite romantic destinations: Singapore with a Cruise, France & Switzerland, New Zealand, Bali and Mauritius with Dubai.

          Birthday Facts About March 12, 1974 You Need To Know        
March 12, 1974 clever birthday facts no one tells you about. Get Mar 12 epic list of celebrity and famous birthdays, #1 song, horoscope and FREE gift. What day was my birthday Mar 12, 1974? March 12, 1974 was a Tuesday and it was the 71st day of the year 1974. The next time you can reuse your old 1974 calendar will be in 2019. Both calendars will be exactly the same! This is assuming you are not interested in the dates for Easter and other irregular holidays that are based on a lunisolar calendar. What happened on my birthday – Mar 12? These were the events that made history that coincide with your birthday. 538 Vitiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Byzantine general, Belisarius. 1864 American Civil War: The Red River Campaign begins as a US Navy fleet of 13 Ironclads and 7 Gunboats and other support ships enter the Red River. 1930 Mahatma Gandhi leads a 200-mile march, known as the Salt March, to the sea in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British monopoly on salt 1933 Great Depression: Franklin D. Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This is also the first of his “fireside chats”. 1950 The Llandow air disaster occurs near Sigingstone, Wales, in which 80 people die when their aircraft crashed, making it the world’s deadliest air disaster at the time. 1961 First winter ascent of the North Face of the Eiger. 1967 Suharto takes over from Sukarno to become Acting President of Indonesia. 1968 Mauritius achieves independence from the United Kingdom. 1994 The Church of England ordains its first female priests. 1999 Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO. What was the number one song on my birthday? The number-one hit song in the U.S. at the day of your birth was Seasons in the Sun by Terry Jacks as compiled by Billboard Hot 100 (March 16, 1974). Ask your parents if they know this popular song.
          Paste - Sejur cu familia plaja Mauritius, 9 zile        
Pentru vacanta de Paste, Eturia iti propune o vizita intr-unul din paradisurile tropicale ale lumii - Mauritius. Inconjurata de apele turcoaz ale Oceanului Indian, Mauritius nu este doar o insula obisnuita, caci lagunele superbe cu ape linistite si valuri line care alinta tarmurile, barierele de corali, plajele generoase acoperite cu nisip perlat, strajuite de cocotieri, muntii cu vegetatie tropicala, o transforma intr-un taram exotic, plin de mister.

          Paste - Sejur All Inclusive Mauritius, 9 zile        
Pentru vacanta de Paste, Eturia iti propune o vizita intr-unul din paradisurile tropicale ale lumii - Mauritius. Inconjurata de apele turcoaz ale Oceanului Indian, Mauritius nu este doar o insula obisnuita, caci lagunele superbe cu ape linistite si valuri line care alinta tarmurile, barierele de corali, plajele generoase acoperite cu nisip perlat, strajuite de cocotieri, muntii cu vegetatie tropicala, o transforma intr-un taram exotic, plin de mister.

          Paste - Sejur plaja Mauritius, 9 zile        
Pentru vacanta de Paste, Eturia iti propune o vizita intr-unul din paradisurile tropicale ale lumii - Mauritius. Inconjurata de apele turcoaz ale Oceanului Indian, Mauritius nu este doar o insula obisnuita, caci lagunele superbe cu ape linistite si valuri line care alinta tarmurile, barierele de corali, plajele generoase acoperite cu nisip perlat, strajuite de cocotieri, muntii cu vegetatie tropicala, o transforma intr-un taram exotic, plin de mister.

          Croaziera de grup cu insotitor Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar & Reunion, 18 zile - februarie 2018        
Eturia iti propune o croaziera in cele mai importante insule ale Oceanului Indian - Mauritius, Seychelles, Madagascar & Reunion, prilej cu care vei vedea unele dintre cele mai spectaculoase peisaje si mai exotice plaje din lume.

NOTA: Itinerarul vasului de croaziera poate suferi modificari independent de vointa Eturia. Modificarea itinerarului nu constituie motiv de anulare a calatoriei.

          Sejur plaja LUX* Belle Mare Mauritius, 9 zile - noiembrie 2017        
Eturia va propune o vacanta intr-unul din paradisurile tropicale ale lumii - Mauritius. Situat in mijlocul unui decor tropical de vis, pe coasta de est a Insulei Mauritius, resortul LUX BELLE MARE se remarca atat prin atmosfera sa deosebita cat si prin ospitalitatea si autenticitatea specifica zonei. Proiectat de arhitecta londoneza Kelly Hoppen LUX BELLE MARE se remarca prin designul sau luminos, ce imbina facilitatile moderne cu elemente inedite de arhitectura locala precum acoperisurile din paie. Vilele cu vedere la ocean, palmierii, plajele cu nisip fin precum si apele in nuante de albastru turcoaz completeaza tabloul perfect al unui sejur de neuitat. Printre facilitatile de top ale resortului se numara cea mai mare piscina de pe insula, trei terenuri de golf, spa si sala de fitness, restaurante premiate (intre care se remarca Amari dezvoltat de chef-ul Vineet Bhatia, detinator al unei stele Michelin), spatii amenajate special pentru copii sau pentru iubitorii de sporturi nautice si nu numai.

          Commentaires sur Occlusions veineuses rétiniennes par MichaelNex        
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          Mengakhiri masa jomblo dari dating site        
Eh... siapa? Siapa yang mengakhiri masa jomblo? Aku sudah lupa rasanya....

Aku menyebut diriku survivor dari santet. Gak usah anggap serem soal santet. Indonesia itu santet itu makanan sehari-hari, seperti pepatah terkenal "Cinta ditolak, dukun bertindak".

Ceritanya tahun 2009 setelah lepas dari santet aku memulai hidup baru. Dengan memori yang banyak hilang. Balik ke Jogja, jadi guru.

Lalu jadi blogger pas Merapi meletus tahun 2010. Terkurung di rumah dengan komputer pinjaman dan wi-fi, soalnya keponakanku kuliah dan pasang wi-fi. Itu komputer tadinya juga rusak, waktu aku butuh, di reset kok mendadak nyala. Kakakku udah telanjur beli, jadinya minjemin laptopnya itu ke aku. Merapi selesai meletus, laptop itu rusak lagi, aneh memang...

Soalnya jarang keluar rumah, dan bersahabat dengan komputer carinya pasangan online, di dating site. Ditanyain... kenapa gak cari lokal dan di dunia nyata... hadeeeh... seandainya nyari pasangan itu gampang bisa tinggal tunjuk di supermarket. Pilihan yang dari luar lebih menarik... walau mesti juga kemampuan bahasa Inggris mesti diasah, juga kesabaran ditingkatkan. Yang orang Indonesia kebanyakan suami orang ngajak selingkuh...

Maunya yang muslim, bukan bule kulit putih. Gabungnya di dating site khusus muslim. Sebetulnya banyak kenalan sama yang "katanya" dalam tanda petik, katanya mau serius ajak nikah. Ada yang Kanada (Toronto), New York, Mauritius... yang aku ingat sih. Kalo keturunan Arab di Dubai atau Jeddah cuman ngajak jadi istri ke sekian. Sisanya... ya kenalan, tukar Skype, no WA, ngobrol sebentar terus sononya ngeremove atau ngeblock.

Mulai punya pasangan yang ngobrol intensive lama itu tahun 2015. Setahun sama orang di Kanada (Edmonton). Putus soalnya dia temperamen banget. Ya selama setahun deket banget, soalnya tiap hari nelpon jam-jaman dan dia banyak kirim hadiah. Cuman kalo udah marah, kasar banget, diingetin ma temen, kalo ketemu ma dia, orangnya m/ain gampar gimana.

Abis putus sama di Kanada, beberapa kali deket ma cowok. Ada yang keturunan Pakistan di Inggris. Udah sering video call rutin, dan dia juga beli website ke temenku di Jogja biar bisa ngejalanin bisnisnya kalo lama berkunjung ke sini. Tapi batal dateng,nalesannya.. ada masalah keluarga besar gak bisa ditinggal.

Terus aku diblock di WA, biarpun akhirnya dibuka lagi soalnya dia minta aku nelpon temenku yang web designer itu. Udah bayar 9 juta rupiah dan ada masalah.

Jadinya illfeel banget. Padahal udah riset dan gabung beberapa kom/unitas hubungan Indonesia Pakistan.

Terus ada cowok Aljazair, sedikit lebih muda dari aku Janjinya uuugh.. mau liburan 4 bulan, beliin smartphone, kamera, jalan-jalan ke Aljazair ditanggung semua. Pertengahan Januari dia bilang, ibunya maunya dia sama cewek Aljazair aja. Dia insinyur geografi di perusahaan Perancis yang katanya gajinya dapat euro dan sebulan dirupiahin di atas 200 juta rupiah. Tapi ya... ternyata janjinya gom/bal. Aku sampe mimpi mukulin dia sambil bilang "hei tau gak janji itu hutang, kamu muslim bukan, ntar nagihnya di akherat berlipat-lipat"


Terakhir laki-laki keturunan Turki di Inggris, seorang arsitek. Masih pedekate.. tapi kita liat aja akhirnya dateng apa enggak.

Bosen gak sih... ya bosen, tapi belajar sabar dan m/em/perbaiki diri sendiri untuk lebih baik. Perbaiki ibadah, lebih sabar, pemaaf, tulus, suka menolong, rajin menabung, rajin bekerja, merawat diri supaya sehat dengan olahraga dan makan makanan sehat...


          Can Zanzibar be the next Mauritius?        
C9 Hotelworks continues to work in developing marketplaces around Asia, the Pacific and Indian Ocean. Our latest report pushes into Africa and is on Zanzibar Tanzania and it’s surging resort and real estate sector.
          Flying air bubbles, 300 mph snowmobiles, vertical cities: Montreal leaders from 1969 predict the year 2000        
   Fancy photos of industry leaders that look like they came from an LSD factory, that's what Montreal needed in 1969 and that's what portrait photographer Gabriel "Gaby" Desmarais provided.
   His 1969 coffee table book of souped-up portraits of Montreal CEOs, showcases their predictions of the year 2000, complete with altered images created long before before digital photography made it much simpler
  The resulting Canada 2000 A.D. takes what would have otherwise been boring portrait photos and makes them compelling along with jazzy future-watch prediction stuff.
   Gaby had a studio on Dorch just east of Atwater before moving on to Hollywood and then Monaco before returning to Montreal where he died in 1991, aged just 65. It's unclear to the Coolopolis pool of interns whether Gaby was related to the high-profile, high-money Desmarais family that is featured a couple of times in this book.
   Enjoy these amazing photos of these amazing men who led us into the future.


 Federal Industry Minister Jean-Luc Pepin dodged the gimmick-photo bullet by writing the forward, in which he announces that Canada will have 40 million by 2000 and will be "difficult to govern." He died in 1995 at the age of 71.














 A.C. De Lery of Canadian Asea Electric promised barbecue outdoors in winter and cleaner air with "breeder reactors stretching uranium supplies by more fissionable material that us the heat from the splitting of uranium atoms to convert water to steam, turning turbines to generate electricity."


 Alfred Hamel of Hamel Transport predicted self-driving trucks on special truck roads.


 Camille Lacroix of Matapedia Company "Canadian forests will once again be considered as one of the great natural resources of our country" and that forests will 'offer a revitalizing source of contact with nature."

 Mayor Jean Drapeau predicted, well, see here to find out.
 E.A. Martin of Uniroyal said that freer trade was on the horizon and that would lead to more international "political co-operation and stability."
 F.R. Kearns of Canadair promised 45 minute flights from Montreal to Tokyo by 2000. He saw moon bases and manned flights to Mars and supersonic and hyper-sonic aircraft that travel at "10 times the speed of sound."

 C. Norman Simpson of Acres Ltd failed to actually predict anything but noted "We have departed from dogmatic adherence to old social orders and are reaching out for a time when there will be complete freedom of spirit."
 Laurent Beaudoin Bombardier predicted snowmobiles "will have miniature jet engines and will run on an air cushion at speeds of up to 300 miles an hour."
 Fernand R. Bibeau of Shockbeton just predicted more wonderful things for cement and his company.
 Jean Marie Poitras Laurentian Insurance Bad weather insurance for vacationers and automatic insurance quotes over the phone.
 Jacques Carriere Sogena Inc. Cleopatra, Lady Godiva and the modern beauty queens will be replaced by a physiognomy inspired by interplanetary travel and the ideologies of an almost limitless universe.
 Pierre Desmarais II Pierre Desmarais Inc. said "far from menacing printed communications the invasion of the data machines, along with the increasing concern for aesthetic values, is a reassuring factor for the future."
 Raymond Vachon Dumont Express said "large consortiums" will take over from small moving companies.
 Wilbert E. Thibault Commercial Litho Plate "Full colour newspapers run off at breakneck speeds."
 John C. Parkin, Architect, said all would be "double everything that now exists in North America. For every expressway that now exists another must be built."
Louis R. Desmarais of Provincial Transport avoided any real predictions. "Year 2000 will come but what will it be worth if we dehumanize it?" Desmarias lived to 94, dying just a few days ago in fact, in the midst of a bizarre lawsuit against his family for an alleged promise of shares.

 N.R. "Buck" Crump of Canadian Pacific Promised self-driving cars and a dial-a-bus system in which a "small, automatically operated bus directed either to his front door or to a a nearby stop. The passenger would be notified of its arrival by a light on his phone." Crump also promised around-the-world flights in 80 minutes.
 Paul Vachon of Vachon Inc predicted "Chinese swallow nests, nail pudding, liqueur-soaked tarts, sweet tortillas and enchiladas"' and noted "all potentially harmful elements will be strictly controlled as a result of new legislation. Vitamins, hormones, steroids and other supplements will be added to certain foods."
 Robert Hendricks of Cominco Ltd predicted mining with laser beams, ultra sonic rays and nuclear energy.
 Dr. Roger Gaudry University of Montreal predicted lectures and notes will be "transmitted by television or another forms."
Roland Desoudry of Bromont Inc. just wrote a lot of platitudes about the ski hill.
Roland Giroux of Hydro Quebec predicted that in 2000 energy would be created by using the energy from the fusion of deuterium and tritium which is found abundantly in sea water." which would increase electricity abundantly.
 Taylor Kennedy and Leonardo Franceschini Canada Cement predicted that "hundreds of new cities will be born," in a "second Canada further north."

Benoit Beauregard Quebec Poultry inc predicted that microwave ovens will replace other cooking methods and "the chicken will be untouched by human hands It will be plucked by ultra-sounds and boned mechanically." Chicken would largely replace beef.
 Willliam E. Soles Anglo Canada Pulp and Paper Wood usage will increase fourfold, which will require proper maintenance of forests.
 Jean-Guy Dionne Dionne Spinning clearly hired his slickest writer to pen a future that didn't involve offshoring of the needle trade to cheap Asian sweatshops. "With the kaleidoscopic varieties in man-made fibers that blossom like brilliant orchid from the industry's laboratories, downtime will surely be an academic concept." He also predicted "fibers that will cool the body for tropical travelling."
 Lucien Arcand Victoriaville Furniture predicted futuristic furniture with "push button devices for drawers, slide-doors, partitions," "rubber or plastic inflatable seats an armchairs, tables and writing desks concealed under the floor board, raised at a push button command. Build-in tape libraries, lamps and TV-stereo combinations." But he conceded "furniture styles will not change drastically for all people because many of the buildings presently constructed do not lend themselves to revolutionary designs in furniture."
 G. Ross Herrington Corby Distilleries "We are now three-score and ten years through the 20th century and we are experiencing a curious phenomenon - the 'permissive age." If today's manners and mores are 'permissive," what then of the year 2000? The youth of today will be oldsters then. And what of the youth then? "What, on the surface, seems rebellious today, may well be accepted thirty years hence as perfectly moral behavior." "The lingering concept of alcoholic beverage in Canada as somehow illicit and sinful - although pleasurable - will surely have disappeared." The work week will be shortened and the average salary cheque increased immeasurably. There will be more leisure activities. Theaters, baseball and football stadia, hockey matches, trade shows, expositions and other public performances will provide many occasions for enjoying beverages in reasonable, socially -acceptable ways. It will be commonplace to take cocktails or a bottle of wine along on a picnic - without any suggestion of impropriety or daring."
 Paul Chapdelaine St Laurent Cement "The cement industry will regroup its facilities and concentrate operations in new, fully-automated factories. The extensive use of television, cameras and screens will facilitate the control of all facets of productions."
A Olaff Wolfe Microsystems International "micro-circuitry will shape an entirely new kind of world for us, which is difficult to visualize even though it's only thirty years away."
 R.P. Mills Magnetics International Ltd. "Magnarail installations are envisioned between major cities with speeds of 300 miles per hour. in these applications, ferrite bricks laid in upper and lower levels of suspended steel channels would provide the force to support the load of freight or passenger vehicles." He said "ferrite permanent magnets will "speed crop growth by as much as 25%." because "Seed germinates faster in a strong magnetic force field; the growth rate is accelerated and root systems can be directionally controlled for more efficient plant feeding and cultivating."

 Guy Corbeil, Corbeil Ltd. "The time-honoured craft of shoe-making is in the process of becoming much more automated."
 Laurent Langevin, Louis-Philippe Duval Sno-Jet Inc. Snowmobiles will "rise in what appears to be headed for great popularity during the next decades."
 Kenneth P. Lavery P.S. Ross and Partners "Of all human institutions, the business corporation will change the most. To be left on the wrong side of the knowledge gap is akin to being beached on a dry shore from which the ocean has receded." "There is room in Canada for a fourfold increased in professions trained in the arts, sciences and technology. In such a policy will be found the origins of future economic expansion." A management consulting firm...will be part of the Knowledge industry, a conceptual conglomerate without boundaries."
 Peter Kilburn Greenshields Inc.Hopefully there will e a much freer flow of people, goods and ideas from continent to continent." Canada will witness extensive development in the Great North and therefor remain, on balance, an importer rather than an exporter of capital." Computers will "eliminate the time-consuming paperwork which for years has plagued the investment community."
 Charles B. Neappole The Canadian Stock Exchange "This venerable institution will no longer bustle with the Floor's daily activity, when, as a matter of fact, local stock exchange will be obsolete except for the horse and buggy type of investment in small local industry, if there are any of those left." "We might find ourselves with two or three gigantic, entirely computerized processing units with one say in Bermuda, for all of Eastern America and Europe, East and Wet, another in Honolulu for the Pacific users and maybe ea third in Mauritius. All these would, of course, have three or four back up units as a preventive measure in case of major disaster but even now from a purely technological standpoint one world wide exchange is not only possible but feasible."
 The Berlitz School of Languages "Berlitz will play an increasingly significant role for Canadians as well as others."
 B.A. Benneteau Quebec Telephone If scientists could find a way to use laser beams to transmit sounds and pictures, the cost per communications channel wold plummet. ?As yet no one has devised an efficient method of putting messages onto a laser beam that takes full advantage of its tremendously high frequencies. Researchers are not at all sure they can master laser technology by the year 2000. Most people would however be surprised if they didn't." Man will have facilities capable of producing whatever type of communications he wants he will have the option of sending text, or speaking, or seeing, or perhaps communication in all three ways at once with people sitting hundreds of miles away of halfway around the globe. Facsimile transmission will enable him to sign a contract via the telephone; with the picture phone he'll be able to show his products in colour to a prospective customer in a distant city. he'll avoid all but the essential business trips."
 Jean-Paul Gignac of Dominion Steel predicted that his company would grow and do we better than ever baby.

 John E. Brent IBM "Unlike any generation before us, we have the technology which permits us to choose the kind of future we want to have. Determining the quality of the society we will have in three decades from now is one of the most crucial questions we face. The responsibility is awesome, for the decisions we make will affect not only the lives of our own children but the lives of our children's children. We have to choose now. in making our choice, the computer can be one of the most valuable predictive and planning tools available to us."
 I. R. Ransen Mondev Corp. Giant neighbourhoods will rise vertically from common multi-level bases or plazas. There will be a minimum need to travel from one self-sufficient neighbourhood to another and whatever transportation of people and materials is necessarily will take place through pneumatic systems.
   Each neighborhood complex will be autonomous. The lower levels will contain the energy producing facilities plus storage and reuse of waste facilities and bases for long distance transport. Subsequent levels will include manufacturing industries and commercial and local transport facilities.
   Above these levels will spread great plazas from which the living neighborhoods will rise. Each neighbourhood will include single and multi-family homes together with schools, churches, shops, hotels, cinemas and other forms of entertainment. The surrounding plazas will offer parks, playgrounds, stadia, golf course and the necessary facilities of a healthy outdoor life.
  Some and some will be eliminated by conceiving an industrial complex using common or related power sources so that all human and material waste is reused and whatever possible the waste form one industry will become the raw materials of another.
  The elimination of surface street,s the integration of industry and the concentration of whole neighborhoods in giant buildings will create a need for new building material. We can visualize a new plastic-type material offering the lightness and strength needed for higher buildings with less eight and  permitting modular systems construction.
   There will be new concepts of ownership and finance and new systems of land use; the public and private sectors will have to combine efforts and the role of the developer will become paramount."
 Dr. H. Rocke Robertson McGill Univerity "Formal lectures in most courses will be few and far between." The student will have great freedom in selecting his own programme and will make his choice according ot the main problem or area of interest which he, at the outset, decide to pursue.  The realizations that the inequalities in the world are primarily due to inequalities in educational opportunity will lead universities to increasingly concerted efforts to assist the developing counties in educating their people. "
 Dr. William G. Schenider National Resarech Council Biochemistry will play a leading part in the world of the future. The possibility of genetic engineering holds enormous potential for improvement of agricultural crops and animals. Studies on cell biochemistry will lead to the control or culture of cancer and to safe effective methods of population control.
 J.W. McGiffin Canada Steamship Lines Ltd. By 2000 automation may well have replaced mental labour in the sense that mental labour means the effort required to think in terms of details. Details will be handled by computers. Though, as far as industry's concerned, will be a reciprocal arrangement between man and machine."
 C. Ritchie Montreal Engineering Nuclear technology will be universally applied, not only in huge power stations but also in smaller plants space vehicles and perhaps private cars and uses. By the year 2000 a massive and costly onslaught will be required to save the developing countries from mass starvation while the technically developed  countries must be saved form a slow death by poisoning.
 W.J.R. Paton Atlantic Sugar The sugar refining process will be improved by the increased use of computers ultra sonic and nuclear radiation.
 Anton Johl B.K. Johl Inc. Shorter working hours, release from routine tasks that can be done quicker and more efficiently by machines, mounting opportunities to use creative talent and an infinitely more pleasant environment. The era of the cubicle may be fading out Architects seem to have discovered the advantage of he wide open spaces concept. Molded fiberglass may succeed the present day upholstered seats. man made fibers may supplant wool in the sound deadening deprecating that not only covers the floor but also goes up the walls. The executive office will probably look more like a private salon in an exclusive club.
 H.G. Hallward Argo Construction "The concrete bubble idea may take enormous proportions in the near future.  Assembly plants will create prefabricate element that make a typical 21st Century building with astonishing speed, the buildings skeleton is fitted with modular units completed wired and equipped with plumbing and appliances.
 Robert F. Kelley Jeffrey Manufacturing Ten foot wide conveyors extending over 10 miles moving at 2000 feet per minute. "There will be little economic room for the small volume producers in a big volume market." "newer and yet undreamed of metal alloys and plastics will further revolutionize most known designs of machinery and equipment."
 Robert M. Schmon Quebec North Shore Paper "very substantial progress directed to great production of higher quality paper per dollar of investment. disposable clothing, linens, dishes, containers are here now but will be in use on a much greater scale." Increasing literacy should maintain a large demand for paper products."
Andre Piche Reynolds Aluminium "molten metal will be directed virtually unattended through the various cold rolling annealing and finishing operations at more than double the present speeds. The white collar will outnumber the blue collar worker." auto cleavable pouches will be in great demand for vegetables fruits and meat.' The use of aluminum for the majority of automobile components will offer a solution to the disposal problem, eliminating that much decried blight on most North American highways, the car graveyard."
 W.W. Oughtred An asbestos plant will be a couple of linked computer and a handful of men. There will certainly be a large market for asbestos assuming that ore reserves are of the same character and that basic product markets such as building products and friction materials remain.
 Eugene Laflamme South Shore Designs Instant meals will prevail, sometime taking the form of a limited assortment of pills while succulent dinners by candlelight become a costly hobby for the connoisseurs and the gourmet." The viewing and communications room will become the most important room as children sit there to play, tune in to college and university lecture or to point the tape of the most controversial paper presented on a topical subject. The man in the house will sit there to check up on the family budget, screening his bank accounts and his bills in various department stores and restaurants. Mother and daughter will delight in at-home window shopping glimpsing at the most recent displays of both the supermarket and the latest fashions. The entire family can enjoy at the most convenient hour, a replay of its favourite program or movie.
 Donald Kouri R.J. Reynolds Foods "A supermarket where all the products are automatically vended. Purchase of food products by a combination of the telephone and the closed-circuit television. Home shopping will eliminate the tedious time consuming trips to the supermarket. The ultimate package would be placed in boiling water, removed after a few seconds, opened and the package then served as a plate for the product inside. After the meal the package and utensils would be thrown out."
 Alberto Cefis Domco Industries Floor covering spread to patio, wall, ceiling sofa, everywhere.
 J. Marien Cote, Griffin Enterprises The year round all over vehicle or individual air bubble which would permit everyone to fly over any obstacle and to hop about according to his needs or whims." "Man will seek to occupy himself more fruitfully, seeking hobbies and interest more varied and of greater intellectual and physical value."
 Gabriel Buisson Laurentian Chemicals "return the forest to tits role of purifier and beautifier to its function as a place of leisure and sports for with all the innumerable fibers and additives additives organic chemistry has produced we can now satisfactorily reproduce all the forest products from wall paneling to paper using these synthetic fibers and all the family of plastics and polymers."
 Adrien Baillargeon Express Ltd. The moving industry may take an entire unit, complete with all the contents from one multiple housing complicate and deliver it to another group of residences some distance away - floor, walls, roof and all."
 Rubin B. Zimmerman Zimmcor (aluminum) Canadian cities will consist of a large number of integrated structures to to 100 storeys high grouping under one roof office space, shopping facilities, green area and residential units. " thanks to "highly improved aluminum curtail walls."
 R.L. Riker Combustion Engineer Superheater Ltd. Magnetohydrodynamic generators, thermoelectric generators, thermionic converter and fusions reactions will become commonplace to convert chemical energy to electrical energy as power generators of the future.
H.P. Paterno Avco Financial Services People will take care of all their bills, rents and school expenses insurance , heating payments at an Avco financial supermarket
A. E. Horsburgh Farr Company "clean air outside as well as inside living, working and recreational quarters. Scientists say there is no alternative, Either we clean up the air around this globe or we'll e snuffed out."
Dr Roger Veilleux Henri Vallieres Inc. Furniture will remain the same but "the most radical changes are the ones that have taken place at the furniture manufacturers' plant. There, the craftsman has been replaced by assembly line workers- except perhaps in the case of costly, custom-deigned furniture. "
Papineau Gerin-Lajoie, Leblanc Edwards architects. Orbital Architecture "plastics sound, light and air curtains materials to be invented will form the new vocabulary of XXIst Century Builders. We must create an Orbital Architecture extra terrestrial inter planetary where transport and communication will link all Beings of our planet of other planets rapidly efficiently in yet unknown ways.

Lars Olsson SF Products Canada Ltd. The processing of vast quantities of wood - a 60% increase over present consumption - is going to create a vast waste disposal problem. "kraft pulp mills give off their distinctive and offensive odor. Further developments will remove what is left of offending mercaptans and the content will be reduce to be undetectable to the human nose."
Jean-Paul Beaudry Quebec Industry and Commerce Minister "The dominating feature of Quebec will be its prosperity This will be characteristic of all of North America." The Quebec population would reach about 10 million inhabitants. 

          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          A day of rest in Mauritius — Plaine Magnien, Mauritius        
April 2017 trip through French Africa
          Working in paradise — Plaine Magnien, Mauritius        
April 2017 trip through French Africa
          Flight to paradise — Plaine Magnien, Mauritius        
April 2017 trip through French Africa
          A lovely World - Photos of the World        
Photos of India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Vietnam, Yemen, Mauritius, Reunion, Madagascar, Tanzania, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, Jordan, France, Spain, Portugal, United-Kingdom, Netherlands, Austria, Hungary, Norway…
          Calendrier d'établissement des rapports sur l'application de la Convention-cadre - Pays Africains concernés        
Calendrier d’établissement des rapports des Parties sur la Convention-cadre de l’OMS pour la lutte antitabac. Pays Africains Party Date pour soumettre le premier rapport Date first report submitted to Convention Secretariat Date pour soumettre le second rapport 5. Seychelles 27 February 2007 2 March 2007 27 February 2010 15. Mauritius 27 February 2007 27 February 2007 27 February 2010 16. Maldives 27 February 2007 15 February 2007 27 February 2010 22. Kenya 27 February 2007 4 April 2007 27 February 2010 32. Madagascar 27 February 2007 28 February 2007 27 February 2010 39. Ghana 27 February 2007 28 February 2007...
          More women in politics        
English

Once in a while, Africa produces talented women politicians who, despite the odds, overcome the obstacles that impede their success in the political arena.

Some of the African women who have shattered the glass ceiling include Liberia’s president, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf; former president of Malawi, Joyce Banda; Mauritius’s president, Ameenah Gurib-Fakim; and former interim president of the Central African Republic, Catherine Samba-Panza.


          Busty Mauritius Girl Riding A White Tourist At Her Home        
Watch Busty Mauritius Girl Riding A White Tourist At Her Home at XXXPorn.rs - best free online XXXPorn videos for you to enjoy.
          Ben        
Appreciation: 8     Location: 6     Service: 6     Value for money: 5     Food: 6     Rooms: 5     Child friendly: 9     (Average score : 8 )
Tranquil
Rooms not what to expect from a four star, food quite lovely but don't come if you're not all inclusive drinks are very expensive!!...

          Guatemala Quetzal(GTQ)/Mauritius Rupee(MUR)        
1 Guatemala Quetzal = 4.69653 Mauritius Rupee
          Flights from Cologne to Mauritius        
Find cheap flights and airlines tickets to flight from Cologne to Mauritius
          British Airways / Iberia – Starting $844: Washington D.C. / New York / Boston – Mauritius. Roundtrip, including all Taxes        
A good sale to Mauritius. Mauritius doesn’t go on sale much. Washington D.C.: ITA will price this at $847, using those dates on Priceline should price to $853 New York: ITA will price this at $800, using those dates on Priceline should price to $844 Boston: ITA will price this at $925, using those dates […]

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          Mauritius Polymer Notes 2013!        
Introduced August 22, 2013, these are the first polymer banknotes to be circulated in Mauritius (25, 50 and 500 Rupees). The 25- and 50-rupee notes were printed by Oberthur Technologies on Innovia Security’s Guardian substrate while the 500 Rupees note was printed on De La Rue’s Safeguard substrate (formerly called Flexycoin). The polymer notes are […]
          Fortune Of Africa Air Flight Status        
Africa is gifted by nature offering plenty of opportunities to tourists. Africa has rich cultural heritage and natural beauty as indicated below in the following country tourism profiles: Algeria Egypt Malawi Sierra Leone Angola Equatorial Guinea Mali Somalia Benin Eritrea Mauritania South Africa Botswana Ethiopia Mauritius South Sudan Burkina Faso Gabon Morocco Sudan Burundi Gambia ...
          My name is Tanya and I translate French Spanish and English        
Hi, My name is Tanya. I am originally from Switzerland and a freelance translator. I have worked on a number of projects for 5 years now and have been dealing with a number of clients. Before working for my own, I used to work for a consulting company based in Port-Louis, Mauritius, and have translated, edited and proofread documents including mining projects from British, South African and Australian companies operating in Mauritius; I have also worked on sensitive documents, letters, rental contracts and have also worked on behalf of some local government projects. Being Mauritian and French myself, I consider to be entirely bilingual and am comfortable in working with documents written in both French and English. I also hold a BA in linguistics with a specialization in Spanish and have stayed in Argentina for more than 3 years. Therefore, my services include: Translation: English to French, French to English, English to Spanish, Spanish to English and French to Spanish or Spanish to French Proofreading: If you have received a text in any of those languages but you are not sure whether it has met the quality standard, please feel free to contact me. Look forward to hearing from you soon, regards, Tanya
          Freelancer works with English French and Spanish        
Hi, My name is Tanya. I am a freelance translator. I have worked on a number of projects for 5 years now and have been dealing with a number of clients. Before working for my own, I used to work for a consulting company based in Port-Louis, Mauritius, and have translated, edited and proofread documents including mining projects from British, South African and Australian companies operating in neighbouring African countries (close to Mauritius); I have also worked on sensitive documents, letters, rental contracts and have also worked on behalf of some local government projects. Being Mauritian and French myself, I consider to be entirely bilingual and am comfortable in working with documents written in both French and English. I also hold a BA in linguistics with a specialization in Spanish and have stayed in Argentina for more than 3 years. Therefore, my services include: Translation: English to French, French to English, English to Spanish, Spanish to English and French to Spanish or Spanish to French Proofreading: If you have received a text in any of those languages but you are not sure whether it has met the quality standard, please feel free to contact me. Look forward to hearing from you soon, regards, Tanya
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          My name is Tanya and I translate French Spanish and English        
Hi, My name is Tanya. I am a freelance translator. I have worked on a number of projects for 5 years now and have been dealing with a number of clients. Before working for my own, I used to work for a consulting company based in Port-Louis, Mauritius, and have translated, edited and proofread documents including mining projects from British, South African and Australian companies operating in neighbouring African countries (close to Mauritius); I have also worked on sensitive documents, letters, rental contracts and have also worked on behalf of some local government projects. Being Mauritian and French myself, I consider to be entirely bilingual and am comfortable in working with documents written in both French and English. I also hold a BA in linguistics with a specialization in Spanish and have stayed in Argentina for more than 3 years. Therefore, my services include: Translation: English to French, French to English, English to Spanish, Spanish to English and French to Spanish or Spanish to French Proofreading: If you have received a text in any of those languages but you are not sure whether it has met the quality standard, please feel free to contact me. Look forward to hearing from you soon, regards, Tanya
          My name is Tanya and I translate French Spanish and English        
Hi, My name is Tanya. I am a freelance translator. I have worked on a number of projects for 5 years now and have been dealing with a number of clients. Before working for my own, I used to work for a consulting company based in Port-Louis, Mauritius, and have translated, edited and proofread documents including mining projects from British, South African and Australian companies operating in neighbouring African countries (close to Mauritius); I have also worked on sensitive documents, letters, rental contracts and have also worked on behalf of some local government projects. Being Mauritian and French myself, I consider to be entirely bilingual and am comfortable in working with documents written in both French and English. I also hold a BA in linguistics with a specialization in Spanish and have stayed in Argentina for more than 3 years. Therefore, my services include: Translation: English to French, French to English, English to Spanish, Spanish to English and French to Spanish or Spanish to French and Rnglish to Portuguese Proofreading: If you have received a text in any of those languages but you are not sure whether it has met the quality standard, please feel free to contact me. Look forward to hearing from you soon, regards, Tanya
          Are you looking for a French or Spanish translator?        
My name is Jerome. I do speak French and English fuently nad hold a BA in linguistics, with an emphasis on Spanish language and culture. I have worked for many years within the hospitality industry and have also worked on behalf of a mining company. During those years, I have translated important documents, some of which were to be forwarded to government agencies (docuemnts were either in French, Spanish or English). I was also in charge of proofreading documents written in French and English as the company I was working for mainly dealt with clients, whose companies were based in Mauritius, France, and the Canadian province of Quebec as well as the United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia. Should you have any project in French, English or Spanish, please feel free to contact me with the details and I will revert back to you with a propositional quote. Regards, Jerome
          I am experienced in translating important documents        
My name is Jerome. I do speak French and English fuently nad hold a BA in linguistics, with an emphasis on Spanish language and culture. I have worked for many years within the hospitality industry and have also worked on behalf of a mining company. During those years, I have translated important documents, some of which were to be forwarded to government agencies (docuemnts were either in French, Spanish or English). I was also in charge of proofreading documents written in French and English as the company I was working for mainly dealt with clients, whose companies were based in Mauritius, France, and the Canadian province of Quebec as well as the United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia. Should you have any project in French, English or Spanish, please feel free to contact me with the details and I will revert back to you with a propositional quote.
          I am experienced in translating important documents        
My name is Jerome. I do speak French and English fuently nad hold a BA in linguistics, with an emphasis on Spanish language and culture. I have worked for many years within the hospitality industry and have also worked on behalf of a mining company. During those years, I have translated important documents, some of which were to be forwarded to government agencies (docuemnts were either in French, Spanish or English). I was also in charge of proofreading documents written in French and English as the company I was working for mainly dealt with clients, whose companies were based in Mauritius, France, and the Canadian province of Quebec as well as the United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia. Should you have any project in French, English or Spanish, please feel free to contact me with the details and I will revert back to you with a propositional quote. Thank you, Regards, Jerome
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          Freelancer works with English French and Spanish        
Hi, My name is Tanya. I am a freelance translator. I have worked on a number of projects for 5 years now and have been dealing with a number of clients. Before working for my own, I used to work for a consulting company based in Port-Louis, Mauritius, and have translated, edited and proofread documents including mining projects from British, South African and Australian companies operating in neighbouring African countries (close to Mauritius); I have also worked on sensitive documents, letters, rental contracts and have also worked on behalf of some local government projects. Being Mauritian and French myself, I consider to be entirely bilingual and am comfortable in working with documents written in both French and English. I also hold a BA in linguistics with a specialization in Spanish and have stayed in Argentina for more than 3 years. Therefore, my services include: Translation: English to French, French to English, English to Spanish, Spanish to English and French to Spanish or Spanish to French Proofreading: If you have received a text in any of those languages but you are not sure whether it has met the quality standard, please feel free to contact me. Look forward to hearing from you soon, regards, Tanya
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          The Seven-coloured earth of Chamarel, Mauritius        
This world famous attraction is a unique volcanic geological phenomenon resulting in seven colours of earth swirled together to create a beautiful feature. This small area of strikingly bare landscape showing well-developed rills and various shades of red, brown, violet, green, blue, purple, and yellow. Chamarel rises 283 meters above sea level and is reached [...]
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          Photo retouching logo design and print custom made stickers        
My name is Audrey and I am an expert in photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. I've been a photo editor for 2 years and worked in big online store such as GILT, Weddington Way and Hautelook. I operate a family owned business here in Mauritius island and we work on different aspects of designing. We have clients in neighbouring countries, including Mozambique, Kenya and more importantly, Madagascar. We also have important customers in France, Spain, Belgium and Italy. We are now planning to expand to English-speaking countries like the US and Australia. For picture retouching and editing, please see my specialties below: • Photo manipulation • Extraction of product to white background • Cleaning backgrounds,shadow,rough edges,dust and scratches • Retouching skin imperfections • Removing reflections and wrinkles • Color correction For photo samples, please visit my FB page: https://www.facebook.com/1865458017059124/photos/pcb.1912983352306590/1912982838973308/?type=3&theater We also work on the followings: Design LOGO (Please feel free to convey me an idea of what you are looking for and we are going to design a Logo which will convey your concept) and can print Print custom-made stickers, Etiquettes or hang tags (you can send us a file with the exact sizes, form and numbers (1,000 units minimum) and we will be reverting back to you. Thanks, Audrey
          World's Top Privacy Experts Worry About Internet Of Things        
Meeting in one of the world’s most remote and private locations – the island of Mauritius off the coast of Africa – top global privacy regulators could have focused on any number of issues. But they were especially concerned that the Internet of things, everything from health sensors to monitors [...]
          Türkisblaues Meer und weißer Sand - So herrlich ist es an Mauritius' Traumstränden         
Weiße Sandstrände, sanfte Wellen und türkisblaue Lagunen – Mauritius gilt als Trauminsel für Badeurlauber. Das Geheimnis, das dahintersteckt: Ein Korallengürtel schützt Badende vor den hohen Wellen des Indischen Ozeans – und vor Raubfischen. Die schönsten Strände im Überblick.Von FOCUS-Online-Autorin Catrina Heider
          Comment on sunset mauritius by Patti Walker        
Breathtaking!
          Docs who made it big outside medicine        
I came across this list in one of the RxPG forums posted by Omlakhani, who (or someone) has enlisted the physicians who branched out of medicine field and made it big outside. I was pleasantly surprised to see the big names in the list whom I never knew to be physicians. List is here for you.

Add to the list if you know anyone who is not here, by entering them in the comments section.

Physicians famous as writers


Among the better known writers:

Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) - Russian playwright

Robin Cook - American author of bestselling novels, wrote Coma

Michael Crichton (born 1942) - American author of Jurassic Park
.
A. J. Cronin (1896-1981) - Scottish novelist and essayist, author of The Citadel.

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930) - British author of Sherlock Holmes fame.

John Keats (1795-1821) - English poet

W. Somerset Maugham (1874-1965) - British novelist and short story writer, wrote Of Human Bondage.

Alfred de Musset (1810-1857) - French playwright, discovered sign of syphilitic aortitis

François Rabelais (1483-1553) - French author of Gargantua and Pantagruel.

Friedrich von Schiller (1759-1805), German writer, poet, essayist and dramatist.

William Carlos Williams (1883-1963) - American poet and essayist

And others:

John Arbuthnot - author

Patrick Abercromby (1656 - ~ 1716) - historian

Janet Asimov - (born 1926) (née Janet O. Jeppson). American psychiatrist, wife of Isaac Asimov.

Arnie Baker - cycling coach

Sir Thomas Browne (1605-1682) - British writer

Georg Büchner - German dramatist

Ludwig Büchner - German philosopher

Thomas Campion - poet, composer

Deepak Chopra - Indian/American writer of self-help and health books

Alex Comfort (1920-2000) - British writer and poet, author of The Joy of Sex.

Michael Cook - American writer of suspense novels

Ctesias (5th century B.C.) - Greek historian

Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802). British poet, grandfather of Charles Darwin

Georges Duhamel (1884-1966) - French writer, dramatist, poet and humanist

Havelock Ellis (1859-1940) - British writer and poet, author of The Psychology of Sex

Victor Frankl (1905-1997) - Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist, author of Man's Search for Meaning

Samuel Garth (1661-1719) - British author and translator of classics

Atul Gawande, surgeon and New Yorker medical writer.

H. Richard Hornberger author of M*A*S*H

Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (1809-1894) - American essayist

Arthur Johnston (1587-1641) - poet

Ronald Laing - Scottish writer and poet, leader of the anti-Psychiatry movement.

Stanisław Lem (1929-) - Polish author of science-fiction (Solaris)

Carlo Levi (1902-1975) - Italian novelist and writer

David Livingstone (1813-1873) - Scottish medical missionary, explorer of Africa, travel writer

Adeline Yen Mah - Chinese-American author.

Jean-Paul Marat (1743-1793) - French writer, a leader of French Revolution, assassinated in bathtub

Paolo Mantegazza (1831-1910) - Italian writer, wrote a science fiction book, L'Anno 3000

Silas Weir Mitchell (1829-1914) - American writer

João Guimarães Rosa - Brazilian writer

Sir Ronald Ross (1857-1932) - British writer and poet, discovered the malarial parasite.

Oliver Sacks (1933-). British essayist (e.g. The Man Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat)

Albert Schweitzer(1875-1965) - German theologian, philosopher, organist, musicologist

Frank Slaughter (1908-2001) American bestseller author, wrote (Doctor's Wives)

Tobias Smollett (1721-1771) - author

Lewis Thomas (1913-1993) - American essayist and poet

Sir Henry Thompson, British surgeon and polymath.

Vladislav Vančura (1891-1942) - Czech writer, scriptwriter and film director

Francis Brett Young (1884-1954) - English novelist and poet

Physicians famous as politicians

Bashar Al-Assad - President of Syria

Ibrahim Al-Jaafari - Prime minister of Iraq

Iyad Allawi - interim Prime Minister of Iraq

Salvador Allende (1908-1973) - Chilean president

Emilio Alvarez Montalván - Foreign Minister of Nicaragua

Arnulfo Arias - Panaman President

Michelle Bachelet - Current Chilean President

Hastings Kamuzu Banda (1898-1997) - Prime Minister, President and later dictator of Malawi

Louis Blanqui - French revolutionary socialist

Frederick William Borden - Canadian MP and minister of the Militia

Bob Brown - parliamentry leader of the Australian Greens

Gro Harlem Brundtland (born 1939) - first Norwegian female prime minister and Director-General of the World Health Organization

Georges Clemenceau (1841-1929) - French statesman

Margaret Chan - Director General of the WHO and former Director of Health of Hong Kong

York Chow - Secretary for Health, Welfare and Food of Hong Kong

Tom Coburn (born 1948) - U.S. Senator

Howard Dean (born 1948) - American politician

François Duvalier (1907-1971) - also known as Papa Doc - President and later dictator of Haiti

Antônio Palocci Filho - Brazilian politician, Finance Minister

Christian Friedrich, Baron von Stockmar - Anglo-Belgian statesman

Bill Frist (born 1952) - United States Senate Majority Leader

Hedy Fry (born 1941) - Canadian politician, member of parliament

Che Guevara Latin American revolutionary leader

George Habash - founder of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine

John Pope Hennessy - former Governor of Hong Kong

Juscelino Kubitscheck - Brazilian president

Jean-Paul Marat - French revolution leader

Mahathir bin Mohamad - Malaysian prime minister

Agostinho Neto (1922-1979) - MPLA leader and president of Angola

David Owen - British politician

Ron Paul (born 1935) - American politician

Navin Ramgoolam - Prime minister of Mauritius

José Rizal (1861-1896) - Filipino revolutionary and national hero

Théodore Robitaille - Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, Quebec MNA and Senator

Hélio de Oliveira Santos - Brazilian politician, mayor of Campinas

Tabaré Vázquez - Current Uruguayan President

Bette Stephenson - Ontario MPP and former Minister of Labour, Minister of Education and Minister of Colleges and Universities

Sun Yat-Sen (1866-1925) - Founder of republican China

Donald Matheson Sutherland - MP and former minister of National Defence

Sir Charles Tupper (1821–1915) - Prime Minister of Canada (1896) and Premier of Nova Scotia (1864-1867); High Commissioner in Great Britain (1884-1887)

Ali Akbar Velayati (born 1945) - Iranian Foreign Minister from 1981 to 1997.

William Walker (soldier) (1824-1860) - ruler of Nicaragua

Dave Weldon - US congressman and autism activist

Ray Lyman Wilbur (1875-1949) - United States Secretary of the Interior, president of Stanford University

Thomas Wynne (1627-1691) - Physician to William Penn, speaker of the first two Provincial Assemblies in Philadelphia (1687 & 1688)

Yeoh Eng-kiong - former Secretary for Health and Welfare of Hong Kong

Physicians famous for other activities

Abd-el-latif — traveller

Anderson Ruffin Abbott

Jane Addams - social activist

Georg Agricola — mineralologist

David Alter - inventor

Ali Bacher — cricketer

Josiah Bartlett - American statesman and chief justice of New Hampshire

Herman Boerhaave — humanist

Thomas Bowdler — censor

Lafayette Bunnell — explorer of Yosemite Valley

Graham Chapman — British comedian of Monty Python fame

Laurel B. Clark (1961–2003), American Astronaut, killed in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster
Arthur Dee
Sextus Empiricus (2nd–3rd century C.E.) - philosopher

Pierre Gassendi (1592–1655) — philosopher

William Gilbert (1544–1603) — physician and physicist

W. G. Grace — cricketer

Nehemiah Grew — botanist

Samuel Hahnemann — founder of homeopathy

Armand Hammer — entrepreneur

Samuel Gridley Howe — abolitionist

Hermann von Helmholtz — physicist

Jan Baptist van Helmont (1577–1655) — physiologist

Mae Jemison (b. 1956) — astronaut

Stuart Kauffman (b. 1939) — biologist

John Harvey Kellogg

Cesare Lombroso (1835–1909) — based his system of criminology on physiognomy

John Lovelock (1910–1949) — Olympic athlete

John McAndrew (b. 1927) — All-Ireland Gaelic Footballer

June McCarroll — inventor of lane markings

James McHenry (1753–1816) — signer of the United States Constitution

Archibald Menzies — naturalist

Franz Mesmer (1734–1815) — proponent of mesmerism and the idea of animal magnetism

Jonathan Miller — television presenter and stage director

Paul Möhring (1710–1792) — zoologist, botanist

Maria Montessori — educator

Boris V. Morukov — cosmonaut

Lee "Final Table" Nelson — professional poker player

Haing S. Ngor (Oscar winning film actor)

Nostradamus — French esoterist.

Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers (1758–1840) — astronomer

Caspar Peucer

Christian Hendrik Persoon -South African botanist

Claude Perrault — architect

Philippe Pinel

Pope John XXI

Mowaffak al-Rubaie — human rights advocate, member of the Interim Iraqi Governing Council

John Ray plant taxonomer

Peter Mark Roget — English lexicographer

Jacques Rogge — sports official

Benjamin Rush — signer of the United States Constitution

Daniel Rutherford (1849–1819) — chemist

Felix Savart - physicist

Alfred Schopenhauer — philosopher

Albert Schweitzer — humanist

Michael Servetus (1511–1553) — burnt at the stake by Calvinists for heresy

Rob Sitch comedian

Sócrates — football (soccer) player

L.Subramaniam - violonist

James Hudson Taylor (1832 - 1905) - British missionary to China and founder of the China Inland Mission.

Norman Earl Thagard — astronaut

Debi Thomas (b. 1967) - Olympic figure skater

William E. Thornton — astronaut

Nasiruddin al-Tusi astronomer

William Walker Latin American Adventurer

John Clarence Webster — Canadian historian

Wilhelm Weinberg — with G.H. Hardy, developed the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium model of population genetics

Michael Welner - Forensic psychiatrist

JPR Williams — rugby union player

Thomas Young — scientist

Ayman al-Zawahiri Al-Qaeda leader


Thats a long list....

Like to add some more...?? Use the comments section

Seeji, Pharm House

          Iqbal: His Life and Our Times        
Cover design MelloWatts 
Originally published at Marghdeen Learning Centre

The mind of Goethe,
The heart of Rumi,
The message of the Quran.

This was the unparalleled legacy of the poet-philosopher credited with birthing a nation and a state, and at no other time has the world been more ready to embrace his ideas than it is right now. 


The story of his mind, and what he taught, as told herein from a new and compelling angle, leads us on a trail of discovery towards a new way of life. You're invited to approach this as a handbook for implementing his life-giving ideas.
The above-quoted blurb reflects the spirit in which my new book, Iqbal: His Life and Our Times, is being offered. The book is a tribute to Iqbal by ten sovereign states, since it is being published jointly by Iqbal Academy Pakistan and the Cultural Institute of the Economic Cooperation Organization, which is the successor organization of the RCD and now includes Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

The international edition is being brought out by Libredux, UK, on behalf of the original publishers. It will be available from Thursday, May 8.

It can be ordered from the page on the Createspace Website. It will also be available on other websites, including Amazon. The Pakistani edition is hopefully coming out by the end of this month.  

Much has been written about Iqbal but this book may turn out to be different (even from my earlier writings) because it presents Iqbal with a special focus on how his ideas can be implemented today - especially in Pakistan and the Muslim world, but also elsewhere - by individuals as well as societies. I have kept it less than 200 pages, so that it may serve as a compact handbook.

Until the book comes out this Thursday, I offer you following introduction written by two people for whom I have deep respect and gratitude.


Introduction
by 
Muhammad Suheyl Umar, Director, Iqbal Academy Pakistan;
and Iftikhar Arif, Director, ECO Cultural Institute (ECI)

Dr. Sir Muhammad Iqbal (1877-1938) is the only poet and thinker in the history of world literature who has been credited with the birth of a new nation and a new state. It is therefore very befitting that a handbook about his life and thought should be brought out by an organization comprising of ten member states. The Economic Cooperation Organization’s Cultural Institute (ECI) is pleased to bring out this publication jointly with Iqbal Academy Pakistan.

In addition to his unique status in Pakistan, Iqbal also happens to be either a national poet or a household inspiration in several other countries including Iran, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and India. In Turkey, his symbolic grave stands in the compound of the mausoleum of Maulana Jalaluddin Rumi. In the universities of Heidelberg and Cambridge, there are chairs or fellowships in his name. Roads, buildings and monuments have been named after him in other countries too, including Mauritius.

Iqbal: His Life and Our Times fulfils the need for a simple and reliable introduction to the life and work of this unmatched genius, highlighting the practical relevance of his ideas for those who wish to consider them for implementation. The author, Khurram Ali Shafique, is well-known in the field of Iqbal Studies. The awards which he has received for his previous publications include the coveted Presidential Iqbal Award.

The present volume includes many findings that are the outcome of the author’s original research. Of special interest to the general readers as well as the experts would be the evidence, presented here for the first time, which establishes a historical connection between the political ideas of Iqbal, the American thinker Mary Parker Follett and the Bengali visionary C. R. Das. 

We are hoping that this volume will offer much by way of looking at the present times from new avenues. 

It is shown here that the views expressed by Iqbal in his poetry and prose formed a coherent system of thought, and the same was implemented by him through political and social action. 

This is to dispel the myth which has been preventing a deeper understanding of Iqbal’s thought until now, i.e. the false but widely perpetuated assumption that the ideas presented by Iqbal were either inconsistent with each other or they kept undergoing such perpetual changes throughout his life that they cannot be considered for implementation in any other time.

The system of his thought and its underlying principles are being presented here, perhaps for the first time. It is also being shown that in spite of its inner coherence, the system of Iqbal’s thought kept pace with the evolution of the collective life of his community. 

This evolution can be studied by dividing the intellectual life of the poet-philosopher into three stages: inquiry, discovery and transcendence. The duration of each stage has been established here on the basis of biographical and textual evidence, and the book has been divided into three chapters accordingly. 

Each of these three stages started in his mental life when his community adopted a new goal collectively. The goals, their relevance to the world and humanity, their implications for Iqbal, and his contribution towards achieving them are issues which are being discussed here in a fresh light. This may turn out be one of the most significant contributions which this book will make to the subject.

If nations of the world desire to come closer in their hearts and minds, they cannot ignore to learn about the ideas, emotions and visions of each other. The Economic Cooperation Organization’s Cultural Institute (ECI), formed through a charter at the third summit meeting of the countries of ECO held at Islamabad in 1995, aims at fostering understanding and the preservation of the rich cultural heritage of its members through common projects in the field of the media, literature, art, philosophy, sport and education. 

The present volume is being offered in line with this vision, and with the conviction that it is important for everybody to be informed about the ideas of Iqbal, since they may be counted among those cultural forces which have gone into shaping a significant part of our world.

This conviction is shared by Iqbal Academy Pakistan, a statutory body of the Government of Pakistan, originally established through an act of parliament in 1951 and reinforced through an ordinance in 1962. The aims and objectives of the Academy are to promote and disseminate the study and understanding of the works and teachings of Iqbal. The Academy has been translating its objectives into action and activity through a number of measures including publication programme, IT projects, outreach activities, Iqbal Award Programme, website, research and compilation, audio-video, multimedia, archive projects as well as exhibitions, conferences, seminars, projection abroad, research guidance, academic assistance, donations and library services.

We hope that the readers will benefit from the book which we are offering here jointly, and this will go a long way in achieving our common objectives.

          Design your logos or etiquettes, stickers from us!        
We are professional photo editing & graphics well-motivated team based in Mauritius. We have 30 experienced designer. If you have any photo editing project or design project you can choose us. if you interested to work with us please feel free to contact us.
          If You Are A Blue Collar Worker In America You Are An Endangered Species        

Have you ever heard of the dodo bird?  Once upon a time, dodo birds lived on the island of Mauritius in the Indian Ocean.  But if you go there today you won’t find any because they are extinct.  Well, if you are a blue collar worker in America today it looks like you are headed [...]

          Mauritius Holidays        
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          This is #MyMauritius – a video journey        
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          My week in Mauritius – Part 2        
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          Les Chagossiens et l'avenir de Diego Garcia?        
We speak with David Vine, associate professor of anthropology at the American University in Washington about the latest developments by the United Nations to seek an opinion of the International Court of Justice on the separation of the Chagos archipelago from Mauritius in the 1960's. The archipelago is host to the american base of Diego Garcia. Professor Vine is also coming to Australia in September for a series of conferences.   http://www.davidvine.net/events.html

(Nous parlons au professeur David Vine de American University de Washington. Il nous parle de la décision des Nations Unies de demander à la Cour internationale de justice de se prononcer sur l'avenir des îles Chagos où se trouve la base militaire américaine de Diego Garcia. Le professeur Vine arrive en Australie prochainement pour une série de conférences.   http://www.davidvine.net/events.html      )
          The Commonwealth Of Nations!!        

In less than a fortnight’s time Glasgow welcomes the Commonwealth Games. They were formally called the ‘British Empire Games’, then the British Empire and Commonwealth Games and then the British Commonwealth Games but it dropped the British bit in 1978 to become just The Commonwealth Games.
I hope you followed that!

71 teams are participating. Six countries have been at every games - Australia, Canada, England, New Zealand, Scotland, and Wales. Australia have the best record so far.

Reading Wikipedia about the games and their history is well… history. Here are some highlights -
“Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe competed from 1958–1962 as part of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.  Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore federated as Malaysia in 1963, then Singapore left in 1965. Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949. Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha were dependencies of Saint Helena, so the territory was officially called "Saint Helena and Dependencies" until 2009. Saint Helena, Ascension Island and Tristan da Cunha became equal parts of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha in 2009. Western Samoa was renamed Samoa in 1997. Zanzibar and Tanganyika federated to form Tanzania in 1964. Zimbabwe withdrew from the Commonwealth in 2003.”
I hope you got that.

Others eligible include Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands (territories of Australia), Nevis (a federal entity of the Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis), Rodrigues (outer islands of Mauritius), and Zanzibar (a semi-autonomous part of Tanzania).

And Cornwall are now arguing that they should have separate representation.  The Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus and south Sudan have now made applications to send teams. The Pitcairn Islands' are discriminated against due to their tiny population- about 54. Lack of permanent population seems to prevent South Georgia, South Sandwich Islands, British Antarctic Territory, the New Zealand territory of Ross Dependency and the Australian external territories of Australian Antarctic Territory, Ashmore and Cartier Islands, Coral Sea Islands and Heard Island and McDonald Islands from competing.
                                      
                                                            Nauru

But then Nauruan weightlifter Marcus Stephen who won twelve medals between 1990 and 2002 ( 7 golds) ended up being elected President of Nauru in 2007. Nauru is the smallest independent state in the Commonwealth, 21 sq k yet it is 19th on the all-time Commonwealth Games medal table.
                                      
                                                         I had to look it up

This week, the outfit to be worn by the Scottish athletes was unveiled. They shouldn’t have bothered. The first medal to be awarded is for the worst outfit. Scotland and Australia are battling it out – we are winning.
It is awful.
This is Australia's and ours is much worse..
                                 

The blue shirt has white speckles on it which looks as though a pigeon with a bowel issue has flown overhead. The tartan is supposed to represent heather at dusk, I presume this is a woman called heather, not the plant, and that heather is suffering from  homeochromocytosis.
 And the colour of the socks? Wit?
 Scottish sports presenter Dougie Donnelly said: “Team_Scotland Seriously ? The team are going OUT like that ? !!”
Others have commented the miracle of inventing a colour that clashes with itself.
Others speculate that Chris Hoy got wind of it and retired.
“Somewhere in Aucherader a tea room is missing its curtains," wrote Stephen Daisley at STV. "The shirts and dresses are not blue, not quite lapis lazuli, but the psycho-cerulean hue of a particularly vivid Smurfs doll. The kilts and shawls carry an amber, fuchsia, and aquamarine tartan, a curious mixture of the psychedelic and the twee. This is what the Sixties must have looked like in Ecclefechan."
People have described it as  "humiliating", "embarrassing" and "truly horrific "wrong on so many levels" and "the worst kit ever".
I liked the comment that ‘those Scotland uniforms look like something from the Eurovision Song Contest-1980.’
 Simon Ricketts said ‘They look like they're in a fancy dress episode of a Spanish soap opera.’
                                 
We say that Irn Bru is made from girders.
The new uniform, is made from curtains.

All getting a bit plaid out!  So I had better show you, don't say you were not warned...

                               

It is officially described as a  vibrant blue shirt  with a  pink, caramel and blue tartan kilt for men. The women  are just as bad- a blue wraparound dress with a tartan shawl. The uniform for women was made complete with a stone-coloured leather bag.  The bag might serve the same purpose as the wee bag you find in the netted compartment of the seat in front of you on a long and bumpy flight. Rugby 7s player Lee Jones described the outfit as “very comfortable and eye-catching”.
Is that the rugby seven’s for the visually impaired…
 The designer Jilli Blackwood , a  graduate of Glasgow School of Art said: “There will be no mistaking that this is the Scottish Team as they proudly step out at the opening ceremony.”
Indeed.


However the games have given us great moments
                                       

The 'Miracle Mile' in Vancouver 1954  England’s Roger Bannister and Australia’s John Landy.  The only two sub-four-minute milers in history at the time. They were under the four minute barrier again, Bannister won by a narrow margin. He said that last lap was ‘one of most intense and exciting moments of my life.’

                               
                                 
And that famous piece of film of Jim Peters collapsing in the marathon, same year. He had lead by three miles earlier in the race, pushing himself to heat exhaustion and then collapsed time and again. Eventually his masseur  managed to hold onto him and stop him mid stagger 200 yards short of the finish.
He had actually covered the marathon distance, the course was later measured at 27 miles!

                         

                           
                              
And in Christchurch 1974, that famous 1,500m. maybe the greatest  ever at that distance.  Filbert Bayi  ran three minutes, 32.16 seconds. He was 12 metres clear at the halfway stage, however on the last lap local stars Rod Dixon and John Walker – the two black shadows   closed down forcing him to kick away.  Nearly everybody who crossed the line that day broke a record of some sort, it was so fast.

 


In Edmonton 1978, the  17 year old Clones Cyclone ‘Barry McGuigan boxed to victory in the bantamweight class, aged just 17. He  could not stop crying as he received his medal.


                            

Edmonton 1978 I have no idea why my granddad was a fan of ‘Precious McKenzie’ but he was.   The queen was too!
She was late for an official function because she wanted  to witness him get his third gold medal for weight lifting. He was only 4' 9".




                      

And the dead heat? Allan Wells and Mike McFarlane tying in the 200m, Brisbane 1982. Not an inch between them, it remains the only time a dead-heat for a gold medal has been ratified in a major championship.


                             

In Kuala Lumpur 1998 a 15 year old swimmer called Ian Thorpe won four gold medals! The Australian coach famously said  â€œYou can't believe he's 15. It's genetics gone bloody crazy!”

I am not too chuffed at the games, the road race cycling coincides with my book launch. Crime writers in lyrca? Anybody?
Caro      

          Refuge: transforming a broken refugee system [Video]        
Speaker(s): Professor Alexander Betts, Professor Paul Collier | At this event in which they will talk about their new book, Paul Collier and Alexander Betts will discuss how the world is facing its greatest refugee crisis since the Second World War, yet the institutions responding to it remain virtually unchanged from those created in the post-war era. As neighbouring countries continue to bear the brunt of the Syrian catastrophe, European governments have enacted a series of ill-considered gestures, from shutting their borders to welcoming refugees without a plan for their safe passage or integration upon arrival. With a deepening crisis and a xenophobic backlash in Europe, it is time for a new vision for refuge. Going beyond the scenes of desperation which have become all too familiar in the past few years, Paul Collier and Alexander Betts will look to show that international policy-makers should be focussing on delivering humane, effective and sustainable outcomes – both for Europe and for countries that border conflict zones. Refugees need more than simply food, tents and blankets, and research demonstrates that they can offer tangible economic benefits to their adopted countries if given the right to work and education. This event marks the launch of Refuge: Transforming a Broken Refugee System. Alexander Betts (@alexander_betts) is the Leopold W. Muller Professor of Forced Migration and International Affairs at the University of Oxford, where he is also Director of the Refugee Studies Centre. He has written for the Guardian, New York Times and Foreign Affairs and appears regularly on news channels including CNN, Al Jazeera and the BBC. He has also given two TED talks, which have garnered over a million views. Paul Collier is the Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the Blavatnik School of Government. His book, The Bottom Billion, won the Lionel Gelber Prize, the Arthur Ross Prize awarded by the Council on Foreign Relations, and the Corine Prize. Collier has served as Director of the Research Department of the World Bank. His other books include The Plundered Planet and Exodus. Silvana Tenreyro is Professor in Economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science. She obtained her M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from Harvard University. She is currently Co-Director and Board Member of the Review of Economic Studies and Chair of the Women’s Committee of the Royal Economics Society. In the past, Tenreyro worked at the Federal Reserve Bank of Boston and served as external MPC member for the Central Bank of Mauritius; she was Director of the Macroeconomics Programme at the International Growth Centre; Chair of the Women in Economics Committee of the European Economic Association; Member at Large of the European Economic Association; Panel Member for Economic Policy; and Associate Editor for JEEA, the Journal of Monetary Economics, Economica, and the Economic Journal. She is a Lead Academic at the Centre for Macroeconomics, and Research Associate at CEP and CEPR. Her main research interests are Macroeconomics (and in particular Monetary Policy), Macro-Development, and International Finance. The International Growth Centre (IGC) (@The_IGC) aims to promote sustainable growth in developing countries by providing demand-led policy advice based on frontier research.
          My List Of Incredibilities        


This is an exercise and an experiment I learned about just not very long ago during the time I took 'Leaving your Comfort Zone Course'. The idea is to come up with your own 'list of incredibilities'.

A list of incredibilities is a (long) list of desired events which you think would never happen to you. So these are pretty much 'miracles' which you'd love to experience but do not believe you can - like a trip around the world, or a house in Bali or a date with - say - Jon Kortajarena.

So take a sheet of paper (open a blank screen), relax, give yourself a complete freedom and knock yourself out - write them all down! Aaaallll of them!! There is nothing to worry about - they are incredibilities after all! Let your imagination loose!

The next step is to share your list with your friends or close ones. Because if you do not let the Universe know about your list, how do you even hope they might come true? An option for the really brave ones is to share the list on their blog or in social networks - so that as many people as possible could see it (this would increase the chances for the incredibilities actually happening).

IMPORTANT: if you notice you are editing things based on who will see the list, stop immediately and rewrite! 100% honesty with yourself is the key thing here!

The exercise itself already helps you to realize a good couple of things about yourself, don't you think? :)

Now, reread.

You will see that actually you could make many of the items on the list come true. Possibly, there are even items you could complete by yourself within the near future without any help from outside. Are there such items in your list? If so, go make those things happen. Soon!

If you don't have any such items in the list - choose at least the ones for which you know where you could start. What we need are first steps. Apparently this is where the magic happens. From the time you make your first wish come true, you will start making connections, you will find yourself in the right circumstances, useful coincidences will happen. But your actions need to come first. This is the list's activation if you want.

And yes, it is a bit like magic and we might not know how this works. But if it does work - who cares?

So here goes (drum roll...),(not to say I'm not scared of sharing the whole thing, but here I jump)...

Ladies and Gentlemen, the list of Olga's incredibilities:

0) Discover your essence, your inner purpose
1) Become a freelancer, with work completely independent from location
2) Quit my old boring job
3) Move to work in Bali
4) Become a digital nomad - being able to work from and travel to any location
5) Travel through South East Asia
6) Become an online entrepreneur
7) meet a business partner
8) Publish your articles
9) Publish a book
10) Your website has more than 1000 visitors per day
11) Write lots every day (3000 words per day)
12) Learn to write quickly and derive pleasure from it
13) You will receive a freelance job offer
14) Travel around the world
15) create a new cool website
16) learn Wordpress
17) Learn to code!
18) Visit Costa Rica
19) Cruise in the Caribbean
20) Visit Mauritius
21) Go to Madagascar!
22) Win lottery :)
23) My articles will be loved by the readers
24) Spend a month in New York
25) Go to the Antarctics
26) I will come up with a couple of brilliant ideas for short stories
27) Go hiking in Iceland
28) Visit Thailand
29) Go to South Africa
30) Visit Kruger Park
31) Do the bungee jump
32) Go to Australia
33) Write for a respected paper
34) Go to Cuba (before it is too late...)
35) Move to another part of London
36) road-trip in the West part of the US
37) Go back to India
38) Visit an Ashram
39) Do something that brings purpose
40) Find like-minded individuals and work together
41) Learn to take really good quality photos
42) Spend some time in Amsterdam
43) Swim with whale sharks
44) Dive in the caves again
45) Travel through South America
46) Spent time in Porto and explore Northern Portugal
48) bring up Lidia to be a curious and open individual
49) find inner peace

P.S. I created this list a couple of weeks ago, in my notebook, with a HUGE intention to share it. But immediately after life got super busy and with our travels to Dubai, me finishing the course, Lidia's illness and us going to Poland it took me a while to share it. I still need to tell you that already one of the points above came true - we are going to spend some time in Amsterdam together with our close friends and their little daughter in June.

Either way, let see how this magic thing works - I will keep you guys updated!

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          Comment on Blaming the colonials for everything by M Risbrook        
They might get round to this after other former French colonies eradicate non-standard dialects of French. The people of Mauritius speak a corrupted dialect of French that is almost mutually unintelligible with standard French. It is totally confined to Mauritius and only exists as a spoken language and is not written down except for informal communication. The official language of Mauritius is English but most residents either don't know it or pretend they don't know it. I have first hand experience of this when I attended an event in Mauritius where other attendees were fluent in both English and French but nobody knew the local dialect. The local dialect doesn't seem to be dying out. It might even outlive standard French. Could history be repeating itself where French becomes a new Latin. Dead as an everyday language but survives in literature whilst its corrupted descendants live on as everyday languages?
          Pada Hari Terkuburnya USD        
Sewaktu saya masih kecil, saya pernah berniaga di warung makan bersama emak & ayah saya. Kebetulannya, kami berjiran dengan sebuah kedai servis kereta mewah. Hanya BMW & Mercedes sahaja pelanggannya. Salah seorang pelanggan 'tetap' warung buruk kami ialah seorang juruterbang. Tugasnya sebagai juruterbang menuntut dia berada di banyak negara-negara luar. Melalui beliaulah, saya dapat mengenali bermacam-macam jenis matawang negara lain. Katanya, USD lah yang paling diterima pakai di mana-mana tempat di dunia ini. Kagumnya.

Kini, dengan sekelumit pengalaman merantau yang saya ada, banyak sekali negara yang menerima USD sebagai medium perdagangannya. Malah ada negara yang langsung tidak gemar menggunakan matawangnya sendiri seperti Lebanon, Vietnam & Mauritius, baik dalam urusan dagangan dalam negaranya sendiri apatah lagi dalam urusan jual beli antarabangsa. Semuanya dalam USD. Gah sungguh nampaknya USD di mata dunia!

Kita semua tahu, USD adalah wang fiat, jadi nilainya amat bergantung kepada keyakinan pengguna. Jika hilang lenyap keyakinan  maka nilainya bisa jatuh menjadi sifar! Mungkin antara kita yang enggan percaya kesahihan ini, kerana bagi mereka keutuhan USD itu seperti tidak bisa diganggu-gugat oleh mana2 negara sekalipun. Teman, bukan saya sahaja yang meramalkan, bahkan pakar2 ekonomi dari negara 'bermata satu' itu sendiri juga telah membuat kajian demi kajian tentang bakal termusnahnya matawang mereka!

Sudah tentu, bukan USD sahaja yang akan mengalami senario kepupusan ini, malah semua jenis matawang yang jika diputuskan sandarannya dengan sesuatu yang mempunyai intrinsic value, akan mengalami peristiwa yang sama. Tidak terkecuali, Ringgit Malaysia juga. (Ramai yang tidak tahu bahawa Bank Negara juga sudah tidak lagi sandarkan percetakan wang RM pada emas!). Ada beberapa kajian pakar ekonomi mengatakan, (dan sejarah dunia juga telah membuktikannya) pusingan hidup matawang fiat hanyalah dalam lingkungan 40 tahun dan USD (selepas diputuskan hubungan emas & USD pada tahun 1971) kini sudah di tahun yang ke-39! Oh, sungguh menakutkan..

Ini adalah graf yang saya perolehi yang menunjukkan menurunnya kuasa membeli USD terhadap emas sejak tahun 1718.


Daripada graf di atas, secara keseluruhannya, USD telah hilang "taring"nya hampir 95%!! Pada 15 Ogos 1971 itulah sebenarnya USD telah "mati". Pada tarikh tersebut, tanpa persetujuan daripada Kongres, Presiden Nixon telah memutuskan hubungan antara USD dengan emas, dan semenjak dari itulah USD sedikit demi sedikit telah menjadi wang Monopoli! Saya kira, jika Nixon masih hidup, beliau antara orang yang paling menyesal atas tindakannya itu. Namun, jika betul dia masih hidup, ingin saya katakan pada dia, "terlajak perahu boleh diundur, terlajak putuskan emas buruk padahnya!".

Peperangan matawang telah bermula, yang mana ini akan mempercepatkan lagi kemusnahan sistem wang fiat ini. Malah negara kita sendiri kini telah menunjukkan keraguan terhadap matawang USD, apabila kita telah membeli bon dari negara China. Sila klik petikan di bawah:



Kemuncak artikel saya pada kali ini, saya jamukan saudara dengan satu hidangan. Ia amat enak jika kita bersedia menghadapinya, namun boleh menghilangkan senyum di muka jika kita alpa & lalai. Video ini dari National Inflation Association (NIA) yang berpusat di Amerika Syarikat. Ia adalah satu fiksyen yang ilmiah, yang menunjukkan kehancuran USD ini bukan diramal kosong bahkan mempunyai kebarangkalian yang sangat tinggi. Persis filem 2012 yang rata-rata takut akan kehadiran kiamat!


Told first time as "Eastern Sunday" in Witty Storytellers the 13th April
Told the second time an improved version (this one) in Firebirds Collective
after using the feedbacks from the first. Both my toastmasters online clubs,
with world wide audience.

Here on the screen, Krishn from Mauritius, me from London, Moses from New Zealand, Fabiola from Caribbean, Lorraine from Dubai. (But many others from different continents were listening even if not on the screen now. From Mexico, from Canada, from USA...

Thanks Brian, Paul, all who suggested improvement the first time!

You all could suggest me further improvements.
I read again my diaries of that time and met a very interesting courageous girl, then woman in love! So much wisdom already! Some of it that she almost forgot with time.

Alex become a year later my husband, and at age 27 we emigrated, had a girl then a boy. Only 20 years later did I get an university diploma, PhD in Chemistry from Paris. I went then to prove myself to DC - but that is yet another story.
          6/30/2017: Inside Track: Mauritius construction to drive growth        
The economy of Mauritius is predicted to expand by 3.9 per cent this year, a slight rise on the 3.8 per cent of last year, helped by improved performance in the construction and manufacturing sectors, official data showed yesterday.
          Mauritius: A Paradise of Sun, Sand and Culture        

Mauritius is a dazzling island nation containing more beauty than one can scarcely imagine. If you haven’t heard of the country nicknamed “The star and key of the Indian Ocean” it wouldn’t be a surprise. The little-known tropical paradise is sheltered from much of the hype and  excessive tourism plaguing many popular vacation destinations. Even..

The post Mauritius: A Paradise of Sun, Sand and Culture appeared first on LaCure Villas.


          The Next Generation - November, 2007        
Four of Broadway's newest and brightest stars - Ashley Brown ("Mary Poppins"), Jonathan Groff ("Spring Awakening"), Alison Pill ("Mauritius") and John Lloyd Young ("Jersey Boys") - discuss their road to the Broadway stage, the mentors who helped them, where their drive to perform comes from, their earliest roles, how they handle the audition process, facing their fears, keeping their voices in shape and what roles they'd love to play in the future.
          UAE tax treaty ‘not designed to help the Guptas’         

Author: Linda Ensor (Business Live)

Some tax experts have questioned the wisdom of a double tax agreement with countries that have low or zero tax rates

The Treasury has reacted to reports that SA’s tax treaty with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) will help the Gupta family avoid tax, insisting that its purpose was to tackle genuine trade and business needs.

While some tax experts have questioned the wisdom of a double tax agreement with countries that have low or zero tax rates, SA has several, including with Mauritius, Qatar, Oman and other countries in the Middle East.

The comments follow an article in the Sunday Times which cast doubt on the tax treaty between SA and the UAE and said the treaty would aid the Gupta family in their attempt to shift tens of billions of rand to that country.

Treasury deputy director-general Ismail Momoniat said on Monday that work on the double tax treaty with the UAE dated back to 2006, preceded the emergence of the Guptas and was overseen by two staunchly anticorrupt finance ministers, Pravin Gordhan and Nhlanhla Nene. The agreement was signed by Nene in November 2015 but only came into force at the end of 2016 after it had been ratified by the parliaments of both countries.

PricewaterhouseCoopers tax policy leader Kyle Mandy said there was nothing unique about the treaty with the UAE and its provisions were standard. There was a tie-breaker clause to decide which country was a person’s "centre of vital interests" which would determine in which country he or she was resident for tax purposes.

Many people from SA working in the UAE have broken their South African tax residence and are solely taxable in the UAE — which would mean SA has no taxing rights over their income.

South African residents are taxed on their worldwide income by the South African Revenue Service.

Those who break their South African residency by assuming residency elsewhere are subject to capital gains tax on their local assets as well as exchange control regulations.

South African Institute of Tax Professionals CEO Keith Engel questioned the wisdom of having a tax treaty with any tax haven country but nevertheless insisted there was nothing "nefarious" about SA’s tax treaty with the UAE.

Momoniat said the treaty provided a framework for the collection of taxes as a result of the trade and investment relations between the countries.

He noted that more than 200 South African companies were established in the UAE.

These range from restaurants such as Nando’s, The Butcher Shop, The Meat Co, Mugg & Bean and Debonairs Pizza to companies involved in construction, engineering, banking, energy, travel, hospitality and human resources, among others.

This article first appeared on businesslive.co.za.


          How ending tax exemption on foreign income could affect your employees         

Author: Amanda Visser (Business Live)

A proposed scrapping of the tax law might lead to more younger people in middle management cutting ties with SA in favour of greater income savings in the future

SA’s four large audit firms and tax and accounting industry institutes have made a joint submission to the Treasury, asking for a proper investigation into the effect of scrapping an existing income-tax exemption on foreign income.

PwC, EY, KPMG and Deloitte, the South African Institute of Tax Professionals (Sait) and the Institute of Chartered Accountants (Saica), conclude that the intended scrapping of the tax exemption will increase the cost of employment, and will affect existing projects as well as the future competitiveness of South African labour.

Currently, South Africans working abroad for more than 183 days a year enjoy a tax exemption on the foreign employment income they earn, subject to certain conditions.

The Treasury announced in the February budget that the exemption "appears excessively generous" as the foreign income may benefit from double nontaxation.

It has proposed that the exemption be adjusted so that foreign income is exempt from tax only if it is subject to tax in the foreign country.

If not, South African income tax will apply to the foreign income.

This may place South Africans working abroad in a worse tax position as many countries’ personal income tax rates are lower than SA’s.

In the submission, published on the Sait website, the contributors conclude that there will be an increased cost of employment for South African and international employers with South African tax-resident employees working abroad.

Employers who offer their employees the opportunity to work abroad do so with the assurance that the employee will not be worse off in terms of their tax position.

If the income-tax exemption is scrapped, they will have to cover the tax cost to ensure the tax protection stays in place.

"Ultimately, it will be South African companies investing abroad that will suffer from this change. In addition, the individuals’ tax returns will become far more complex and costly to prepare, with amended returns for credit claims being required once foreign tax is paid in the host country."

The submission concludes that there will be an increased administrative burden for employers to keep track of the tax affairs abroad and locally.

Furthermore, an individual claiming relief through the use of foreign tax credits (when tax has been paid in SA and the foreign country) can only do so when they submit their own tax return.

Up until that point, the individual must still make payment of all taxes due in South African and the country they are working in.

"It is evident that a cash flow problem will occur where tax is due and payable on a monthly basis in the foreign country as well as to the South African Revenue Service (SARS)."

The refunds from these tax credit claims can take years to be paid, as SARS often insists on auditing refunds and verifying bank details in person, leaving the taxpayer (and ultimately the employer) out of pocket in the interim.

"The incentive for South Africans to remain within the South African tax net will be counteracted by the high cost for the individual and the affiliated employer," the group says.

The submission warns that South Africans may decide to take the plunge of the exit charge when they decide to formally emigrate. Previously many South Africans took steps to remain tax resident in SA.

The reason for this was because ceasing to be a South African tax resident meant that they would be taxed by SARS on the deemed disposal of their assets at market value. This is the so-called exit charge.

Erika de Villiers, head of tax policy at Sait, says following the proposed scrapping of the tax exemption, many expatriates who work in no tax or low tax jurisdictions will be weighing up their options.

"They might find that the South African tax saved on their foreign remuneration (once they are no longer SA tax residents) outweighs the exit charge. They might then take steps to break their South African tax residency by moving their families offshore.

Younger people in middle management might be more likely to sever ties with SA, and take the pain of the once-off exit charge in favour of greater income savings in the future.

"We are in particular concerned about the likely effect on the status of SA measured against other counties such as Mauritius as the preferred platform for regional expansion, and the direction that foreign investment would take in future," the audit firms warn.

De Villiers says they are now awaiting the Draft Taxation Laws Amendment Bill to see how the Treasury proposes to amend the legislation.

The bill is expected to be published for public comment within the next month. The public consultation process will then start with opportunity for comment and to attend workshops convened by the Treasury.

She says Sait, as well as the other industry players, will be making further submissions and presentations throughout the process."

This article first appeared on businesslive.co.za.


          Corporates contributing less tax        

Author: Amanda Visser (IOL)

The contribution of corporate income tax to total tax collections in South Africa has diminished over the years. Corporate tax collections of R207 billion this year was slightly lower than the estimate.

Latest statistics show that company taxes represent just under 17 percent of the total tax contribution – down from 20 percent in the distant past.

The Davis Tax Committee has invited public submissions as part of its review of South Africa’s tax system. One of the issues that will be addressed is the efficiency of the current corporate income tax structure.

The deadline for submissions was the end of last month.

The South African Institute of Tax Professionals (SAIT) says in its submission to the committee that South African “has a pressing need” for tax transparent vehicles for large scale private investments such as investments in infrastructure funds, private equity or venture capital funds.

Erika de Villiers, head of policy at SAIT, says there are various different regimes or vehicles that are tax-transparent, both in South Africa and globally.

“A trust is mostly tax-transparent in that it acts as a conduit or flow-through (tax-transparent vehicle) whereby the profits flow through the trust and are taxed only in the hands of the beneficiaries.”

Similar principals apply for partnerships. However, the biggest downsides for using trusts or partnerships as investment vehicles are complexity and risk of the investors losing their limited liability. Losing their limited liabilities means their assets can be seized in instances where the vehicle has debt.

“Companies are better vehicles to provide limited liability but they are, generally, not tax transparent as they are subject to tax in their own right,” says De Villiers.

Investment vehicles which are not tax transparent (such as venture capital companies) introduce an additional layer of tax.

Read also: PICS: Tax man collects R1tn, again

SAIT CEO Keith Engel says problems arise when a group of investors want to invest through an investment holding company vehicle such as venture capital companies or private equity funds.

The holding company typically hold one or more operating companies. They are typically sold off once profits can be realised.

The effect is that once the holding company sells off the underlying investments it pays capital gains tax on the profits. Once it distributes those after tax profits to its investors they too pay tax – a whopping 20% dividends withholding tax.

“The additional layer created by the investment holding company makes the investment non-viable,” says Engel.

In a tax-transparent vehicle the income or gains flow-through as if the vehicle was not there for tax purposes at least.

Ernest Mazansky, director at Werksmans Tax, says South Africa sorely needs more modern law relating to tax transparent vehicles - not just as investment vehicles - but generally as business vehicles.

South Africa is seriously lagging the world in relation to tax-transparent vehicles which also give limited liability.

Principle vehicle

The principle vehicles housing South African private equity funds investing in South Africa are limited liability partnerships (called en commandite partnerships) and trust structures.

“Our en commandite partnership rules, which are based on the common law, are cumbersome and archaic. We could seriously do with an overhaul, which could include the introduction of the US limited liability company or the UK limited liability partnership, both for businesses and professionals,” says Mazansky.

Unfortunately, the drafting of the legislation fails under the Department of Justice, and not under National Treasury.

That is not to say that the Davis Tax Committee could not recommend treasury to request it from justice, says Mazansky.

In its submission SAIT illustrates that an indirect investment (through the holding company) currently attracts an effective tax rate on the gains of 37.9 percent whereas a direct investment has an effective tax rate on the same gain of 18 percent.

“Ideally an investor should be neutral for tax purposes, whether they invest directly or through an invest vehicle,” he says.

De Villiers says although companies are in general not tax-transparent – there are exceptions such as the real estate investment trusts (REITs). They are

listed companies, but have a specific tax regime that make them tax-transparent.  Generally the REIT is not subject to tax and the REIT investors are not liable to dividends tax, but the investors pay tax on the net rental income of the REIT as if they earned it themselves (the flow-through principle). 

“The price of inaction at the domestic level is the unnecessary additional layer of tax that may prevent investment. This deterrence is especially problematic for infrastructure investments.”

If foreign investors are involved, the typical choice is to shift the holding vehicle offshore to Mauritius where the additional tax layer can easily be avoided.  The net result is to reinforce the advantages of Mauritius as a regional hub for investment as opposed to South Africa, SAIT says.

This article first appeared on iol.co.za.


          Zilwa Attitude Hotel, Mauritius | Pre Launch | Lifestyle        

I recently spent a little time in Mauritius working with the Attitude Hotel Group on a project to promote their latest hotel, Zilwa Attitude (Island Attitude), which is launching towards the end of the year.

The idea was to photograph a few guest experience's such as, beach walks, a stand-up paddle through the mangroves, a sunrise boat trip to an island for a traditional Mauritian breakfast picnic, boat trip to an island for a massage experience etc. It's an island with many islets so naturally boat trips feature often.

It was one of the toughest jobs i have ever been on. Torrential rain, wild heat and humidity and long hours made for tough days behind the camera. But the team was amazing and we dug in deep and came back with some work that we we can all be proud of.

The first phase to promote hotel has been launched in the form of an interactive website. Check it out here. We love how the pictures really do come into their own as part of the multimedia experience. It's something we would love to see more of.

Below are just a few of our favourites and all that we can share at the moment. We'll share the rest when phase two is launched in May.

Our studio neighbour Steve is responsible for the spectacular film that greets you on the landing page of the site.  He's a real character but what a talent.  Trust us, check the film out, it will make you want to book a trip to the island for sure.


love

travis,
welovepictures








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          VVIP chopper deal: ED summons private bank CEO        

New Delhi: Enforcement Directorate (ED) has summoned the CEO of a private bank in connection with its money laundering probe in the multi-crore rupee AgustaWestland VVIP helicopter deal.

Sources said the agency has summoned the top official of the bank as probe found that a number of transactions were done by the alleged middlemen involved in the deal by transfering funds from the bank's London branch to Mauritius, Dubai and Singapore among others.

"The bank official and others have been asked to join investigations and tell if the huge amount of funds transferred were done after following the set rules in this regard. The agency needs both help and information from the bank officials to unravel the pattern of funds flow in the case," sources said.

They said the CEO's statement will be recorded while he and other officials of the bank are questioned next week.

The agency, sources said, crores of rupees were moved by the alleged middlemen through the banking channel just before the deal to purchase the dozen VVIP choppers from AgustaWestland was being formalized.

ED is an investigative agency to check the trail of stash funds, kickbacks and the proceeds of crime in a case.

The probe agency, in the same case, had questioned an ex-Air Marshal and a retired Group Captrain rank officer of IAF.

ED had registered a criminal case under PMLA last year to probe alleged financial violations in the 12 VVIP choppers deal by India from AgustaWestland. PTI 

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          New York or Washington to exotic Mauritius from $795!        
Relax in exotic Mauritius!
          LABUAN IBFC        
Labuan Embarks On Marketing Drive In Asia And Middle East, by Mary Swire, Tax-News.com, Hong Kong.



The Labuan International Business and Financial Centre Inc (IBFC), the offshore jurisdiction's marketing and promotion arm, has announced the launch of a promotional drive to attract more business from Asia and the Middle East to the low tax finance centre, which lies off the coast of Malaysia.

Announcing the initiative at a recent press conference, Martin Crawford, the chief executive officer of the Labuan IBFC, revealed that offices would be set up in Hong Kong and either Abu Dhabi or Dubai within the next twelve months. But firstly, the IBFC would attempt to spread Labuan's message through roadshows in India, North Asia, Australia and Indonesia, he disclosed.

Crawford explained that the IBFC was keen to tap into newer emerging markets for offshore investment flows such as India, China and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) region, which have traditionally routed their offshore investments through Mauritius or Singapore.

According to Crawford, the marketing campaign would focus on attracting business in five key areas, including international holding companies, private and public investment banks, captive insurance, Islamic finance and wealth management products.

Labuan is a relatively unknown offshore jurisdiction, having been created by the Malaysian government in 1990. However, it offers a highly attractive tax regime to offshore companies, and the IBFC will no doubt emphasise this point in its campaign

The Labuan Offshore Business Activity Tax Act 1990 (as amended 2004) provides for the reduction or complete exemption of income tax in respect of certain business activities carried on by offshore companies in Labuan. Chargeable profits derived by an offshore company from an offshore trading activity are subject to tax at a rate of 3%. An offshore company which carries on an offshore non-trading activity is exempt from income tax altogether.

Last year, Prime Minister, Datuk Seri Abdullah Ahmad Badawi stated in his budget speech that in future, companies registering in the Labuan offshore sector would have the option of having their offshore business income taxed under the Income Tax Act 1967, in addition to under the Labuan Offshore Business Activity Tax Act 1990. The Income Tax Act 1967 applies to any activity other than offshore business activity carried on by an offshore company, meaning that they pay normal taxes.

The Prime Minister explained at the time that:"In the light of greater global competition, we need to ensure that Labuan remains competitive as an international offshore financial centre. Given that investors in Labuan undertake a wide range of financial services, a flexible tax regime is necessary."

Despite is hitherto low profile however, growth in the Labuan offshore sector has been strong. As of March this year, there were more than 6,500 companies operating in Labuan, including 58 offshore banks with total assets of USD26.6 billion, 132 offshore insurers with more than USD600 million in capitalisation, 106 leasing companies with USD16 billion in leases and 22 fund management and 46 listed instruments worth USD16.1 billion.

By the year 2012, the Labuan Offshore Financial Services Authority (Lofsa) is aiming to have 50,000 companies registered in the financial centre.

“Labuan is an unpolished gem that can be sold to the world," Crawford observed.

"I am sure it has the potential to be a leading business and financial centre in the region once we have polished it," he added.
          The Nestle Boycott        

The Nestle Boycott
In order to sell more of its infant formula in third world countries, Nestle would hire women with no special training and dress them up as nurses to give out free samples of Nestle formula.

The free samples lasted long enough for the mother's breast milk to dry up from lack of use. Then mothers would be forced to purchase the formula but, being poor, they would often mix the formula with unsanitary water the amount of formula by diluting it with more water than recommended.

The result was that babies starved all over the Third World while Nestle made huge profits from this what so called predatory marketing strategy.

In 1977, a world-wide boycott was launched against the Nestle Corporation, which was found to be the most unethical of the several companies selling baby formula at the time.

Consumers all across the world stopped purchasing Nestle products. The World Health Organization drafted the International Code on the Marketing of Breast Milk Substitutes, which was signed by much of the world in the early '80's and finally by the United States in 1994.

Presently, the International boycott of Nestle products covers 18 countries: Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Mexico, Norway, Philippines, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK and USA. The International Boycott is presently being coordinated by Baby Milk Action.

Nestle, is the world's largest baby food company and increases it's profits by promoting artificial infant feeding in violation of the W.H.O. code that has been signed by the US and many other nations. Nestle knows that once a bottle has become between a mother and her child breastfeeding is more likely to fail and the company has gained a customer. Because of Nestle's continued disrespect for the International Code and infant health the best thing you can do is stop purchasing Nestle products.
For more information about the boycott, and for recent news of code violations and more, contact http://www.breastfeeding.com
          Nathalie        
Waardering: 7     Ligging: 4     Service: 10     Prijs / kwaliteit: 6     Eten: 8     Kamers: 10     Kindvriendelijk: 8     Zwembad: 10     (Gem. : 7 )
Goed hotel
In augustus twee weken in hotel Coral verbleven met mijn ouders. Het hotel is super! Niets op aan te merken en voldoet zeker aan alle Riu normen! De ligging is daarentegen een stuk minder gunstig. Het...

          Foto Finalis Miss Universe 2011        
Sebanyak 88 finalis tersaring tiga nama yang memiliki usia paling muda di ajang Miss Universe 2011. Siapa saja mereka?
 
Miss Angola 2011, Leila Lopes
Miss Angola 2011- Leila Lopes


Miss Albania 2011, Xhesika Berberi

Miss Argentina 2011, Natalia Rodriguez
Miss Argentina 2011, Natalia Rodriguez

Miss Aruba 2011, Gillain Berry
Miss Aruba 2011 - Gillain Berry

Miss Australia 2011, Scherri-Lee Biggs
Miss Australia 2011, Scherri-Lee Biggs

Miss Bahamas 2011, Anastagia Pierre
Miss Bahamas 2011, Anastagia Pierre

Miss Belgium 2011, Justine De Jonckheere
Miss Belgium 2011 - Justine De Jonckheere
Miss Bolivia 2011, Olivia Pinheiro
Miss Bolivia 2011, Olivia Pinheiro

Miss Botswana 2011, Larona Motlatsi Kgabo
Miss Botswana 2011, Larona Motlatsi Kgabo

Miss Brazil 2011, Priscila Machado
Miss Brazil 2011, Priscila Machado

Miss British Virgin Islands 2011, Sheroma Hodge
Miss British Virgin Islands - Sheroma Hodge

Miss Canada 2011, Chelsae Durocher
Miss Canada 2011, Chelsae Durocher

Miss Cayman Islands 2011, Cristin Alexander
Miss Cayman Islands - Cristin Alexander

Miss Chile 2011, Vanessa Ceruti
Miss Chile 2011, Vanessa Ceruti

Miss China 2011, ZiLin Luo
Miss China 2011, ZiLin Luo
Miss Colombia 2011, Catalina Robayo
Miss Colombia - María Vargas
Miss Costa Rica 2011, Johanna Solano
Miss Costa Rica - Johanna Solano

Miss Croatia 2011, Natalija Prica
Miss Croatia 2011, Natalija Prica

Miss Cyprus 2011, Andriani Karantoni
Miss Cyprus 2011, Andriani Karantoni

Miss Denmark 2011, Sandra Amer
Miss Denmark 2011, Sandra Amer 

Miss Curacao 2011, Eva Van Putten
Miss Curaçao - Monifa Jansen

Miss Czech Republic 2011, Jitka Novackova
Miss Czech Republic - Jitka Nováčková

Miss Dominican Republic 2011, Dalia Caritina Fernandez
Miss Dominican Republic - Dalia Fernández

Miss Ecuador 2011, Claudia Schiess
Miss Ecuador - Claudia Elena Schiess Fretz

Miss Egypt 2011, Sara El Khouly
Miss Egypt 2011, Sara El Khouly

Miss El Salvador 2011, Mayra Aldana
Miss El Salvador 2011, Mayra Aldana

Miss Estonia 2011, Madli Vilsar
Miss Estonia 2011, Madli Vilsar 

Miss Finland 2011, Pia Pakarinen
Miss Finland - Pia Pakarinen

Miss France 2011, Laury Thilleman
Miss France - Laury Thilleman

Miss Georgia 2011, Eka Gurtskaia
Miss Georgia - Eka Gurtskaia

Miss Germany 2011, Valeria Bystritskaia
Miss Germany 2011, Valeria Bystritskaia

Miss Ghana 2011, Yayra Nego
Miss Ghana 2011, Yayra Nego

Miss Great Britain 2011, Chloe-Beth Morgan
Miss Great Britain 2011, Chloe-Beth Morgan

Miss Greece 2011, Iliana Papageorgiou
Miss Greece 2011, Iliana Papageorgiou

Miss Guam 2011, Shayna Jo Afaisen
Miss Guam 2011, Shayna Jo Afaisen

Miss Guatemala 2011, Alejandra Barillas Solis
Miss Guatemala 2011, Alejandra Barillas Solis

Miss Guyana 2011, Kara Lord
Miss Guyana 2011, Kara Lord

Miss Haiti 2011, Anedie Azael
Miss Haiti 2011, Anedie Azael

Miss Honduras 2011, Keilyn Gomez
Miss Honduras 2011, Keilyn Gomez

Miss Hungary 2011, Betta Lipcsei
Miss Hungary 2011, Betta Lipcsei

Miss India 2011, Vasuki Sunkavalli
Miss India 2011, Vasuki Sunkavalli

Miss Indonesia 2011, Nadine Alexandra
Miss Indonesia 2011 - Nadine Ames

Miss Ireland 2011, Aoife Hannon
Miss Ireland 2011, Aoife Hannon

Miss Israel 2011, Kim Edri
Miss Israel 2011 - Kim Edri

Miss Italy 2011, Elisa Torrini
Miss Italy 2011, Elisa Torrini

Miss Jamaica 2011, Shakira Martin
Miss Jamaica 2011, Shakira Martin

Miss Japan 2011, Maria Kamiyama
Miss Japan 2011, Maria Kamiyama

Miss Kazakhstan 2011, Valeriya Aleinikova
Miss Kazakhstan 2011, Valeriya Aleinikova

Miss Korea 2011, Sora Chong
Miss Korea - Jung So-ra

Miss Kosovo 2011, Aferdita Dreshaj
Miss Kosovo 2011 - Afërdita Dreshaj

Miss Lebanon 2011, Yara El Khoury-Mikhael
Miss Lebanon 2011, Yara El Khoury-Mikhael

Miss Malaysia 2011, Deborah Henry
Miss Malaysia 2011 - Deborah Priya Henry

Miss Mauritius 2011, Laetitia Darche
Miss Mauritius 2011 - Laetitia Darche

Miss Mexico 2011, Karin Ontiveros
Miss Mexico 2011- Karin Meza

Miss Montenegro 2011, Nikolina Loncar
Miss Montenegro 2011, Nikolina Loncar

Miss Netherlands 2011, Kelly Weekers
Miss Netherlands 2011, Kelly Weekers

Miss New Zealand 2011, Priyani Puketapu
Miss New Zealand 2011, Priyani Puketapu

Miss Nicaragua 2011, Adriana Dom
Miss Nicaragua - Adriana Dorn

Miss Nigeria 2011, Sophie Gemal
Miss Nigeria 2011, Sophie Gemal

Miss Panama 2011, Sheldry Saez
Miss Panama 2011, Sheldry Saez

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Miss Paraguay 2011, Alba Riquelme

Miss Peru 2011, Natalie Vertiz
Miss Peru 2011, Natalie Vertiz

Miss Philippines 2011, Shamcey Supsup
Miss Philippines 2011 - Shamcey Supsup

Miss Poland 2011, Rozalia Mancewicz
Miss Poland 2011 - Rozalia Mancewicz

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Portugal 2011, Laura Gonçalves

Miss Puerto Rico 2011, Viviana Ortiz
Miss Puerto Rico - Viviana Ortiz Pastrana

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Miss Romania 2011, Larisa Popa

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Miss Russia 2011 - Natalia Gantimurova


Miss Serbia 2011 - Anja Šaranović

Miss Singapore 2011, Valerie Lim Shu Xian
Miss Singapore 2011, Valerie Lim Shu Xian

Miss Slovak Republic 2011, Dagmar Kolesarova
Miss Slovak Republic 2011 - Dagmar Kolesárová

Miss South Africa 2011, Bokang Montjane
Miss South Africa 2011 - Bokang Montjane


Miss Spain 2011 - Paula Guilló


Miss Sri Lanka 2011, Stephanie Siriwardhana

Miss St. Lucia 2011, Joy-Ann Biscette
Miss St. Lucia 2011, Joy-Ann Biscette


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Miss Sweden 2011, Ronnia Fornstedt


Miss Switzerland 2011 - Kirsten Cook


Miss Tanzania 2011, Nelly Kamwelu


Miss Thailand 2011 - Chanyasorn Sakornchan

Miss Trinidad & Tobago 2011, Gabrielle Walcott
Miss Trinidad & Tobago 2011, Gabrielle Walcott


Miss Turkey 2011, Melisa Asli Pamuk

Miss Turks & Caicos 2011, Easher Parker
Miss Turks & Caicos 2011, Easher


Miss Ukraine 2011 - Olesya Stefanko

Miss USA 2011, Alyssa Campanella
Miss Uruguay 2011, Fernanda Semino

Miss U.S. Virgin Islands 2011, Alexandrya Evans
Miss USA 2011, Alyssa Campanella

Miss Venezuela 2011, Vanessa Goncalves
Miss Venezuela 2011 - Vanessa Gonçalves


Miss Vietnam 2011, Hoang My Vu

          Kontestan Miss Universe 2012        
Check out the official swimsuit portraits of 89 contestants, who are competing for the Miss Universe 2012 title. These photos were taken at Planet Hollywood Resort and Casino, in Las Vegas, Nevada.


Miss Albania 2012, Adrola Dushi


Miss Angola 2012, Marcelina Vahekeni


Miss Argentina 2012, Camilla Solórzano
Miss Aruba 2012, Liza Helder

Miss Australia 2012, Renae Ayris

Miss Bahamas 2012, Celeste Marshall

Miss Belgium 2012, Laura Beyne

Miss Bolivia 2012, Yessica Mouton

Miss Botswana 2012, Sheillah Molelekwa

Miss Brazil 2012, Gabriela Markus

Miss British Virgin Islands 2012, Abigail Hyndman

Miss Bulgaria 2012, Zhana Yaneva

Miss Canada 2012, Yamoah Adwoa

Miss Cayman Islands 2012, Linsday Japal

Miss Colombia 2012, Daniella Álvarez Vasquez


Miss Costa Rica 2012, Nazareth Cascante


Miss Croatia 2012, Elizabeta Burg


Miss Curacao 2012, Monifa Jansen


Miss Cyprus 2012, Ioanna Yiannakou


Miss Czech Republic 2012, Tereza Chlebovská

Miss Chile 2012, Ana Luisa König

Miss China 2012, Ji Dan Xu

Miss Denmark 2012, Josefine Hewitt


Miss Dominican Republic 2012, Dulcita Lieggi


Miss Ecuador 2012, Carolina Andrea Aguirre Pérez


Miss El Salvador 2012, Ana Yancy Clavel


Miss Estonia 2012, Natalie Korneitsik

Miss Ethiopia 2012, Helen Getachew



Miss Finland 2012, Sara Chafak

 
Miss France 2012, Marie Payet

Miss Japan 2012, Ayako Hara

Miss Gabon 2012, Channa Divouvi

Miss Georgia 2012, Tamar Shedania

Miss Germany 2012, Alicia Endemann

Miss Ghana 2012, Gifty Ofori

Miss Great Britain 2012, Holly Hale

Miss Greece 2012, Vasiliki Tsirogianni

Miss Guam 2012, Alyssa Cruz Aguero

Miss Guatemala 2012, Laura Godoy

Miss Guyana 2012, Ruqayyah Boyer

Miss Haiti 2012, Christela Jacques

Miss Honduras 2012, Jennifer Andrade

Miss Hungary 2012, Agnes Konkoly

Miss India 2012, Shilpa Singh

Miss Indonesia 2012, Maria Selena

Miss Ireland 2012, Adrienne Murphy

Miss Israel 2012, Lina Makhuli

Miss Italy 2012, Grazia Pinto

Miss Jamaica 2012, Chantal Zaky

Miss Korea 2012, Sung-hye Lee

Miss Kosovo 2012, Diana Avdiu

Miss Lebanon 2012, Rina Chibany

Miss Lithuania 2012, Greta Mikalauskyte

Miss Malaysia 2012, Kimberley Leggett

Miss Mauritius 2012, Ameeksha Dilchand

Miss Mexico 2012, Karina Gonzalez

Miss Montenegro 2012, Andrea Radonjić

Miss Namibia 2012, Tsakana Nkandih

Miss Netherlands 2012, Nathalie den Dekker

Miss New Zealand 2012, Talia Bennett

Miss Vietnam 2012, Diem Huong Luu

Miss Nicaragua 2012, Farah Eslaquit

Miss Nigeria 2012, Isabella Agbor Ojong Ayuk

Miss Norway 2012, Sara Nicole Anderson

Miss Panama 2012, Stephanie Vander Werf

Miss Paraguay 2012, Egni Eckert

Miss Peru 2012, Nicole Faveron

Miss Poland 2012, Marcelina Zawadzka

Miss Puerto Rico 2012, Bodine Koehler

Miss Philippines 2012, Janine Tugonon

Miss Romania 2012, Delia Monica Duca

Miss Russia 2012, Elizabeth Golovanova

Miss Serbia 2012, Branislava Mandić

Miss Singapore 2012, Lynn Tan

Miss Slovak Republic 2012, Lubica Stepanova

Miss South Africa 2012, Melinda Bam

Miss Spain 2012, Andrea Huisgen

Miss Sri Lanka 2012, Sabrina Herft

Miss St. Lucia 2012, Tara Edward

Miss Sweden 2012, Hanni Beronius

Miss Switzerland 2012, Alina Buchschacher

Miss Tanzania 2012, Winfrida Dominic

Miss Turkey 2012, Cagil Ozge Özkul

Miss Thailand 2012, Nutpimon Farida Waller

Miss Trinidad & Tobago 2012, Avionne Mark

Miss Ukraine 2012, Anastasia Chernova

Miss Uruguay 2012, Camila Vezzoso

Miss USA 2012, Olivia Culpo

Miss Venezuela 2012, Irene Sofiá Esser Quintero


          Busty Mauritius Girl Riding A White Tourist At Her Home        
Watch Busty Mauritius Girl Riding A White Tourist At Her Home at SexFucking.net - sexfucking offers unique free porn videos updated every minute !
          Identi.ca Weekly Summary        

Identi.ca Summary, 2011-06-26 through 2011-07-04


          7 Outdoor Adventures in Mauritius That Are On My Bucket List        

Mauritius has been on my travel bucket list for years. How can it now be with such high praise from Mark Twain who said Mauritius was made first and then heaven, heaven being copied after Mauritius. The island nation is famous for its beaches and coral reefs. It lies 2000 km (1200 miles) SE

You can read the original article here: 7 Outdoor Adventures in Mauritius That Are On My Bucket List. Monkeys and Mountains | Adventure Travel Blog - Outdoor Adventures | Hiking | Cycling Trips | Active Holidays


          Lava, lava, lava ... flying spiders! — Saint-Paul, Reunion        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          Dolphins, dirt, duty free disaster and departure — Flic en Flac, Mauritius        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          Rhum Rhum Rhum — Flic en Flac, Mauritius        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          26th anniversary playing with the big kittehs — Flic en Flac, Mauritius        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          Basking at La Pirogue — Flic en Flac, Mauritius        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          Isle de la Reunion and the Chompys — Saint-Paul, Reunion        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          An "easy" walk to an amazing view at Mafate — Saint-Paul, Reunion        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          A twisty drive to Hellbourg (Jurassic Park) — Saint-Paul, Reunion        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          A heli over Reunion and back to Mauritius — Flic en Flac, Mauritius        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          Cilaos - the final Cirque — Saint-Paul, Reunion        
Bonjour Mauritius & Reunion!
          British Airways / Iberia – Starting $844: Washington D.C. / New York / Boston – Mauritius. Roundtrip, including all Taxes        
British Airways / Iberia – Starting $844: Washington D.C. / New York / Boston – Mauritius. Roundtrip, including all Taxes
A good sale to Mauritius. Mauritius doesn’t go on sale much. Washington D.C.: ITA will price this at $847, using those dates on Priceline should price to $853 New York: ITA will price this at $800, using those dates on Priceline should price to $844 Boston: ITA will price this at $925, using those dates […]
          Africa Cup of Nations Qualifying Review: Kekana takes the spotlight, Cape Verde beaten        
Hlompho Kekana lit up Saturday's action in Africa Cup of Nations qualifying by scoring from his own half in South Africa's 2-2 Group M draw at Cameroon. Bafana Bafana were without a win heading into the clash in Limbe and were unable to pick up their first three-point haul despite Kekana's remarkable strike. Tokelo Rantie gave the visitors the lead after 17 minutes, but Cameroon – coached for the first time by Hugo Broos – hit back through Sebastien Siani before half-time. Kekana put the South Africa back in front after spotting the goalkeeper off his line, before Nicolas Nkoulou headed what could prove to be a hugely significant leveller. The result lifts South Africa off the bottom of the group, but they remain five points adrift of leaders Cameroon and four behind Mauritania at the midway point, with the 13 group winners and two best runners-up progressing to the tournament. Top-ranked African side Cape Verde suffered a setback as they lost 1-0 at home to Morocco, who go three points clear at the top of Group F following Herve Renard's first game in charge. Democratic Republic of Congo leapt from third to first in Group B thanks to a 2-1 home win against Angola, while Senegal maintained their 100 per cent record by beating Niger 2-0. That win sends them six points clear of their three Group K rivals, with Namibia having claimed a 3-1 victory at Burundi. Jonathan Pitroipa netted the only goal from the penalty spot as Burkina Faso replaced 10-man Uganda at the top of Group D and Seychelles got the better of Lesotho 2-0. In the day's remaining fixture, Mauritius beat Rwanda 1-0.
          Africa Cup of Nations Qualifying Review: Adebayor makes triumphant return        
Togo striker Emmanuel Adebayor put his differences with the national team behind him, scoring the winner to earn his country a 2-1 success over Liberia in African Cup of Nations qualifying. The Tottenham forward was axed from the squad to face Ghana in a friendly on Monday, after reportedly failing to report for the team's training camp. Adebayor has since made up with head coach Tom Saintfiet, however, and his decisive strike in Sunday's Group A fixture can only have helped repair the relationship further. Togo fell behind to William Jebor's effort three minutes before half-time, but Sadat Ouro-Akoriko equalised shortly after the hour and then Adebayor snatched the winner three minutes from time. Cameroon were grateful to Vincent Aboubakar's last-minute effort for their 1-0 win over Mauritania which enabled them to go top of Group M, while Ghana had no such problems in seeing off Mauritius 7-1. Asamoah Gyan and Jordan Ayew both scored twice for this year's beaten finalists, while the other game in Group H saw Rwanda claim a 1-0 win at Mozambique. Seven-time champions Egypt were comfortable 3-0 winners over Tanzania as they got their Group G campaign off to a strong start - Rami Rabia, Basem Morsi and Mohamed Salah all finding the net. In Group B, goals from Firmin Mubele and Joel Kimwaki earned Democratic Republic of Congo a 2-1 home success over Madagascar. Ethiopia also prevailed by the same scoreline, Gatoch Panom and Saladin Said on target as they overcame Lesotho in Group J. The game between Congo and Kenya finished 1-1, as did the clash involving 2015 hosts Equatorial Guinea and Benin. Elsewhere, Souleymane Sacko's penalty earned Niger a 1-0 victory over Namibia in Group K, and another game was decided by a spot-kick as Ramadan Alagab's successful attempt saw Sudan defeat Sierra Leone 1-0.
          Africa Cup of Nations Qualification Preview: Egypt, Nigeria target AFCON return        
Hector Cuper's first key assignment as Egypt coach begins on Sunday as the seven-time continental champions begin qualification for the Africa Cup of Nations. Egypt were absent from the most recent AFCON after bowing out in qualification, with the former Inter boss appointed in March. Cuper's men are at home to Tanzania, while the other fixture in Group G sees 2013 champions Nigeria host Chad. Stephen Keshi's men also failed to qualify for this year's competition and the Super Eagles' qualification build-up has been marred by reports of a bust-up between the coach and midfielder John Obi Mikel. "I don't have a problem with Mikel," Keshi responded this week. "I spoke with him before I invited his fellow players for this game. We don't need him at this moment. In September we might need his services if he is available." Ghana will be heavy favourites to move into the next round from Group H as this year's beaten finalists welcome Mauritius while group rivals Mozambique and Rwanda meet in Maputo. Holders Ivory Coast travel to hosts and automatic qualifiers Gabon for a friendly without influential midfielder Yaya Toure with Sierra Leone and Sudan looking to get some early momentum in the only three-team group. George Weah junior - son of the legendary Liberia striker - could make his international debut for James Debbah's men when they face Togo in Lome. Elsewhere in Group A, Africa's lowest-ranked side Djibouti will hope to pull off a surprise result against Tunisia while Aliou Cisse takes charge of his first competitive Senegal match against Burundi in Dakar. The former Senegal international has been keen to play down his side's favourites tag, but will nonetheless be confident following March's friendly win over Ghana. Group K's other fixture sees COSAFA Cup winners Namibia travel to Niger, while there are also away trips for Libya, Swaziland and Zimbabwe, who travel to Morocco, Guinea and Malawi. Group M favourites Cameroon and South Africa face Mauritania and Gambia, with Cape Verde Islands hosting Sao Tome e Principe and Guinea-Bissau taking on Zambia. Elsewhere, Uganda and Burkina Faso entertain Botswana and Comoros, and Congo and Congo DR take on Kenya and Madagascar. In Group C, Equatorial Guinea - hosts of 2015's competition - welcome Benin as Mali face South Sudan. Guinea-Bissau meet Zambia in Ndola with Algeria taking on Seychelles and Lesotho travelling to Ethiopia.
          CHHATH PUJA ( SURYA SHASHTI, DALA PUJA, DALA CHHATH, CHHATHI)        
Wishing on this most Auspicious, Divine, Sacred, Spiritual and Devotional occasion of  " CHHATH PUJA ( SURYA SHASHTI, DALA PUJA, DALA CHHATH, CHHATHI) FESTIVAL", to all my Friends, Near and Dear ones, Family members, Sisters and Brothers, all my Relatives, Loved ones, My Blog Readers, My Blog Visitors, My Blog Voters, Everyone and to All of You Living in Every Nook and Corner of INDIA and also Living All Over the GLOBE " A VERY HAPPY CHHATH PUJA ( SURYA SHASHTI, DALA PUJA, DALA CHHATH, CHHATHI) FESTIVAL FESTIVAL " AND MAY LOVE AND BLESSINGS OF ALMIGHTY SUPREME SUN GOD AND GODDESSES CHHATHI MAIYA REMOVES ALL OBSTACLES IN YOUR WAY AND LADDER OF SUCCESS AND BLESS YOU AND FILL YOUR LIFE WITH HAPPINESS, JOY, PEACE, LOVE, ETERNAL BLISS, AND A VERY LONG LASTING PROSPERITY  TO ALL SISTERS AND BROTHERS AND TO EVERYBODY ON THIS PIOUS AND HAPPY OCCASION OF " CHHATH PUJA ( SURYA SHASHTI, DALA PUJA, DALA CHHATH, CHHATHI) FESTIVAL  " BY THE GRACE AND BLESSINGS OF ALMIGHTY SUN GOD AND GODDESSES CHHATHI MAIYA TODAY  AND ALWAYS.
from Vijay Kumar Verma---Noida INDIA. 
INDIA FIRST, I AM INDIA, I LOVE MY INDIA, AND I AM PROUD TO BE INDIAN.
Chhath( SURYA SHASHTI, DALA PUJA, DALA CHHATH, CHHATHI) is an ancient Hindu Vedic festival dedicated to the Hindu God Sun (सूर्य देव) & Chhathi Maiya (ancient Vedic Goddess ;Historically native to North Bihar of India.The Chhath Puja is performed in order to thank Surya for sustaining life on earth and to request the granting of certain wishes. This festival is observed by Indians along with their diaspora.The Sun, considered as the god of energy and of the life-force, is worshiped during the Chhath festival to promote well-being, prosperity, and progress. In Hinduism, Sun worship is believed to help cure a variety of diseases, including leprosy, and helps ensure the longevity and prosperity of family members, friends, and elders.The rituals of the festival are rigorous and are observed over a period of four days. They include holy bathing, fasting and abstaining from drinking water (Vratta), standing in water for long periods of time, and offering prashad (prayer offerings) and arghya to the setting and rising sun.Although the festival is observed most elaborately in Indian states of BiharJharkhand, and eastern UP, it is also more prevalent in areas where migrants from those areas have a presence. It is celebrated in all Northern regions and major Northern urban centers in India. The festival is celebrated in the regions including but not exclusive to the northeast region of IndiaMadhya Pradesh, Uttar PradeshChhattisgarhChandigarhGujarat, Bangalore but all over the globe including  MauritiusFijiSouth AfricaTrinidad and TobagoGuyanaSurinameJamaica, other parts of the CaribbeanUnited StatesUnited KingdomRepublic of IrelandAustraliaNew ZealandMalaysiaMacauJapanIndonesia, and Nepal.SOURCE--WIKIPEDIA

          Flights from Tbilisi to Mauritius        
Find cheap flights and airlines tickets to flight from Tbilisi to Mauritius
          Comment on Mauritius tightens norms to check proxy tag on its investments – Zee News by pratheeshu1        
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          Comment on Mauritius tightens norms to check proxy tag on its investments – Zee News by Asphalt 8 Hack        
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          A Tongue for all Terrains        
My last biking trip was around 1500 kms long. Alone, being my own sole companion. I went biking from  Ayodhya to Sarnatha  to Baksar-Ara and Patna. And then from Patna to Gaya to Nalanda and Rajgir. My last destination was Bodhgaya, where I went to see the temple of Lord Buddha. Before my journey began, I decided not to speak in Hindi anywhere. I used Awadhi- my mother tongue, to converse. When I shared this experience with my friends, who do not belong to my state, Uttar Pradesh or the one where my trip unfolded- Bihar, they simply wondered. But I found that while I traveled from mountains to the plains of UP-Bihar and also in Madhya Pradesh, that people easily understand Awadhi. At all the places I travelled on my bike last time, no one asked, “What did you say?”.

One of my friends told me that it might be the effect of the Ramcharitmanas (a famous Indian epic), but I don’t think that's true because the language used by Tulsi Das (the man who wrote it) is not pure Awadhi. Or, from a different perspective, we can conclude  that his language has never really been used in the Awadh region by anyone. It is all mixed with Sanskrit. When we talk about epics written in Awadhi, only Malik Mohammad Jayasi used pure and authentic Awadhi. Sometimes I wonder  what must have been in the mind of Mr. Jayasi that he wrote an epic on the Queen of Chittor (now in Rajasthan, the desert part of India),  sitting in Amethi, which belongs to the Indian Northern Plains, far away from Chittor. Surprisingly, not many people know that Awadhi is often used in Pakistan.  And people in Surinam, Holland, Mauritius understand it too! One of my Surinami friends told me that they speak a mix of five north Indian languages and Awadhi is one of them. He doesn’t know the pure Awadhi poet Mr. Jayasi, but he said that Ramcharitmanas of Tulsi is one of the most read books in his country. He thinks that Hindi- the national language of India, is an encroachment. He says that he uses a  mix of five languages and sometimes puts in some Dutch and Creole words for local needs. Putting Hindi words will get quite confusing for people because then that’ll become a whole new language. He was sad about the fact that people in his place have started using Hindi words in his 150 year old language -Surinami Hindustani. After all these experiences, I wonder if I should be sad for my language- Awadhi.
------------------
Translated by Rahul, Edited by Sweta, Final proof by Scharda


          My Olympic Games experience . 17th        
Its amazing how just the other day , Lindsey Parry and myself were sitting down at lunch in Pretoria talking about what It would take for me to qualify for London . At that point it seemed a bit far fetched . Soon after a win at African Championships in Mauritius I knew things were […]
          India to take on Mauritius in opener        
India begins its campaign against Mauritius on August 19 at the Mumbai football arena in the Hero tri-nation football series. India will play St. Kitts & Nevis on Aug. 24, a release from the AIFF...
          3B8/PA3HGT Mauritius        
Hans PA3HGT informs DxCoffee Readers: “My name is Hans Pluijgers and I am a HAM operator from the Netherlands who going to Mauritius as  3B8/PA3HGT in holidaystyle between 05 september and 22 september 2017. The equipment will be an Icom IC7100 , endfed antenna for 40-20 and 10 meters with a HP DPS600PB powersupply. QSL [...]
          Daftar Keanggotaan di WOSM         
Albania Beslidhja Skaut Albania
Algeria Scouts Musulmans Algériens
(Algerian Muslim Scouts)
Angola Associação de Escuteiros de Angola (AEA)
(Scout Association of Angola)
Argentina Scouts de Argentina
(Scouts of Argentina)
Armenia Hayastani Azgayin Scautakan Sharjum Kazmakerputiun (HASK)
(Armenian National Scout Movement)
Australia Scouts Australia
Austria Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Österreichs
(Scouts and Guides of Austria)
Azerbaijan Azerbaican Skaut Assosiasiyasi
(The Association of Scouts of Azerbaijan)
Bahamas The Scout Association of the Bahamas
Bahrain Boy Scouts of Bahrain
Bangladesh Bangladesh Scouts
Barbados Barbados Boy Scouts Association
Belgium
Belize The Scout Association of Belize
Benin Scoutisme Béninois
(Benin Scouting)
Bhutan Bhutan Scout Tshogpa
Bolivia Asociación de Scouts de Bolivia
(The Scout Association of Bolivia)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Council of Scout Associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana The Botswana Scouts Association
Brazil União dos Escoteiros do Brasil
(Brazilian Scouts Association)
Brunei Darussalam Persekutuan Pengakap Negara Brunei Darussalam
(Brunei Darussalam National Scout Association)
Bulgaria Organizatsia Na Bulgarskite Skauty (OBS)
(Organization of Bulgarian Scouts)
Burkina Faso
Fédération Burkinabé du Scoutisme
(Scout Federation of Burkina Faso)
  • Les Eclaireurs et Eclaireuses du Burkina Faso (The Scouts and Guides of Burkina Faso)
  • Les Scouts du Burkina Faso (The Scouts of Burkina Faso)
Burundi Association des Scouts du Burundi
(Scout Association of Burundi)
Cameroon Les Scouts du Cameroun/Boy Scouts of Cameroon
Cambodia National Association of Cambodian Scouts
Canada Scouts Canada, with which is affiliatedAssociation des Scouts du Canada
Cape Verde Associação dos Escuteiros de Cabo Verde (A.E.C.V.)
(Scout Association of Cape Verde)
Chad
Fédération du Scoutisme Tchadien
(Scout Federation of Chad)
  • Eclaireurs du Tchad
  • Scouts du Tchad (Scouts of Chad)
Chile Asociación de Guias y Scouts de Chile
(Guide and Scout Association of Chile)
China, Scouts of Scouts of China
Colombia Asociación de Scouts de Colombia
(Scout Association of Colombia)
Comoros Wezombeli (Association Nationale du Scoutisme Comorien)
(The National Scout Association of Comoros)
Congo, The Democratic Republic of The Fédération des Scouts de la République démocratique du Congo
(The Scout Federation of the Democratic Republic of The Congo)
Costa Rica Asociación de Guias y Scouts de Costa Rica
(Association Guides and Scouts of Costa Rica)
Côte-d'Ivoire
Fédération Ivoirienne du Scoutisme
(Scout Federation of Côte d'Ivoire)
  • Les Eclaireurs Laïcs de Côte d'Ivoire
  • Les Eclaireurs Unionistes de Côte d'Ivoire (Unionist Scouts of Côte d'Ivoire)
  • Les Scouts Catholiques de Côte d'Ivoire (The Catholic Scouts of Côte d'Ivoire)
Croatia Savez Izvidaca Hrvatske
(The Scout Association of Croatia)
Cyprus Cyprus Scouts Association
Czech Republic Junák-Svaz Skautu a Skautek
Denmark
Fællesrådet for Danmarks Drengespejdere
(The Danish Scout Council)
Dominica The Scout Association of Dominica
Dominican Republic Asociación de Scouts Dominicanos
(Dominican Scout Association)
Ecuador Asociación de Scouts del Ecuador
(Scout Association of Ecuador)
Egypt Egyptian Scout Federation
El Salvador Asociación de Scouts de El Salvador
(Scout Association of El Salvador)
Estonia Eesti Skautide Ühing (Estonian Scout Association)
Ethiopia Ethiopia Scout Association
Fiji Fiji Scouts Association
Finland Suomen Partiolaiset-Finlands Scouter
France
Scoutisme Français
(French Scouting)
Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs Unionistes de France (EEUF)(Unionist Guides and Scouts of France)
Les Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs de France (EEDF) (Guides and Scouts of France)
Les Eclaireuses et Eclaireurs Israélites de France (EEIF) (Jewish Guides and Scouts de France)
 Scouts et Guides de France (SGdF) (Scouts and Guides of France)
Scouts Musulmans de France (SMdF) (Muslim Scouts of France)
Gabon
Fédération Gabonaise du Scoutisme
(Scouting Federation of Gabon)
Eclaireurs et Eclaireuses Unionistes du Gabon (Unionist Scouts of Gabon)
Eclaireuses-Eclaireurs du Gabon (Scouts and Guides of Gabon)
Scouts et Guides Catholiques du Gabon (Catholic Scouts and Guides of Gabon)
Gambia The Gambia Scout Association
Georgia sakartvelos skauturi modzraobis organizatsia
(Georgian Organization of the Scout Movement)
Germany
Ring deutscher Pfadfinderverbände (RdP)
(Scout Federation of Germany)
Bund der Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (BdP) (Guides and Scout Union)
Deutsche Pfadfinderschaft Sankt Georg (DPSG) (German Saint George Scout Association)
Verband Christlicher Pfadfinderinnen und Pfadfinder (VCP) (Christian Guide and Scout Association)
Ghana The Ghana Scout Association
Greece Soma Hellinon Proskopon
(Scout Association of Greece)
Grenada The Scout Association of Grenada
Guatemala Asociación de Scouts de Guatemala
(Scout Association of Guatemala)
Guinea C National Scout Association of Guinea
Guyana The Scout Association of Guyana
Haiti Scouts d'Haïti
(Scouts of Haiti)
Honduras Asociación de Scouts de Honduras
(Scouts Association of Honduras)
Hong Kong The Scout Association of Hong Kong
Hungary Magyar Cserkészszövetség
(Hungarian Scout Association)
Iceland Bandalag íslenskra Skáta
(Icelandic Boy and Girl Scout Association)
India The Bharat Scouts and Guides
Indonesia Gerakan Pramuka
(Boy Scouts and Girl Guides Movement)
Ireland Scouting Ireland
Israel
Hitachdut Hatsofim Ve Hatsofot Be Israel
(Israel Boy and Girl Scouts Federation)
The Arab School Scout Association
The Druze Scouts Association
The Hebrew Scout Association
The Israel Catholic Scouts Association
  • The Israeli Arab Scouts Association
      The Orthodox Scout Association
taly
Federazione Italiana dello Scautismo
(Italian Scout Federation)
Associazione Guide e Scouts Cattolici Italiani (AGESCI) (Association of Catholic Guides and Scouts of Italy)
Corpo Nazionale Giovani Esploratori ed Esploratrici Italiani (CNGEI) (National Corps of Italian Boy Scouts and Girl Guides)
Jamaica The Scout Association of Jamaica
Japan Scout Association of Japan
Jordan Jordanian Association for Boy Scouts and Girl Guides
Kazakhstan Organization of the Scout Movement of Kazakhstan (OSMK)
Kenya The Kenya Scouts Association
Kiribati Kiribati Scout Association
Korea, Republic.of Boy Scouts of Korea
Kuwait Kuwait Boy Scouts Association
Latvia Latvijas Skautu un Gaidu Centrala Organizacija
(The Scout and Guide Central Organization of Latvia)
Lebanon Fédération du Scoutisme Libanais
(Lebanese Scout Federation)
One of the associations in the Federation is:
Independence Scouts
Lesotho Lesotho Scouts Association
Liberia Boy Scouts of Liberia
Libyan Arab
Jamahiriya
Public Scout and Girl Guide Movement
Liechtenstein Pfadfinder und Pfadfinderinnen Liechtensteins
(Scouts and Guides of Liechtenstein)
Lithuania Lietuvos Skautija (Lithuanian Scouting)
Luxembourg
Lëtzebuerger Guiden a Scouten (LGS) (Guides and Scouts of Luxembourg)
Macedonia, The former Yugoslav
Republic of
Sojuz na Izvidnici na Makedonija
(The Scout Association of The former Yugoslave Republic of Macedonia)
Madagascar
Firaisan'ny Skotisma eto Madagasikara
(Scout Federation of Madagascar)
Tily Eto Madagasikara (Christian Scouts of Madagascar)
Antilin'i Madagasikara (Catholic Scout Association of Madagascar)
Kiadin'i Madagasikara (Scouts of Madagascar)
Malawi Scout Association of Malawi
Malaysia Persekutuan Pengakap Malaysia
(The Scouts Association of Malaysia)
Maldives The Scout Association of Maldives
Malta The Scout Association of Malta
Mauritania Association des Scouts et Guides de Mauritanie
(The Scout and Guide Association of Mauritania)
Mauritius The Mauritius Scout Association
Mexico Asociación de Scouts de México, A.C.
(Scout Association of Mexico)
Moldova, Republic of Organizatia Nationala A Scoutilor Din Moldova
(The National Scout Organization of Moldova)
Monaco Association des Guides et Scouts de Monaco
(Association of Scouts and Guides of Monaco)
Mongolia Mongoliyn Skautiyn Holboo
(The Scout Association of Mongolia)
Montenegro Association of Scouts of Montenegro
Morocco Fédération Nationale du Scoutisme Marocain
(National Federation of Moroccan Scouting)
Mozambique Liga dos Escuteiros de Moçambique
(League of Scouts of Mozambique)
Namibia Scouts of Namibia
Nepal Nepal Scouts
Netherlands Scouting Nederland
(Netherlands Scouting)
New Zealand Scouting New Zealand
Nicaragua Asociación de Scouts de Nicaragua
(Scout Association of Nicaragua)
Niger Association des Scouts du Niger
(Scouts Association of Niger)
Nigeria Boy Scouts of Nigeria
Norway
Speidernes Fellesorganisasjon
(The Guides and Scouts of Norway)
Norges Speiderforbund
(Norwegian Guide & Scout Association)
(YWCA-YMCA Guides and Scouts of Norway)
Oman The National Organisation for Scouts & Guides
Pakistan Pakistan Boy Scouts Association
Palestinian Authority Palestinian Scout Association
Panama Asociación Nacional de Scouts de Panamá
(National Scout Association of Panama)
Papua New Guinea The Scout Association of Papua New Guinea
Paraguay Asociación de Scouts del Paraguay
(Scouts Association of Paraguay)
Peru Asociación de Scouts del Perú
(Scout Association of Peru)
Philippines Boy Scouts of the Philippines
Poland Zwiazek Harcerstwa Polskiego (ZHP)
The Polish Scouting and Guiding Association
Portugal
Federação Escutista de Portugal
(Scout Federation of Portugal)
Associação dos Escoteiros de Portugal (AEP) (The Scout Association of Portugal)
Corpo Nacional de Escutas (CNE) (Escutismo Catolico Portugues) (The Catholic Scout Association of Portugal)
Qatar Qatar Boy Scouts Association
Romania Cercetasii României
(The National Scout Organization of Romania)
Russian Federation Russian Association of Scouts/Navigators (RAS/N)
Rwanda Association des Scouts du Rwanda
(Scout Association of Rwanda)
San Marino Associazione Guide e Esploratori Cattolici Sammarinesi
(The Catholic Guide and Scout Association of San Marino)
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabian Boy Scouts Association
Senegal
Confédération Sénégalaise du Scoutisme
(Senegalese Scout Confederation)
Eclaireurs du Sénégal (Scouts of Senegal)
Les Scouts du Sénégal (The Scouts of Senegal)
Serbia Scout Association of Serbia
Seychelles The Scout Association of Seychelles
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Scouts Association
Singapore The Singapore Scout Association
Slovakia Slovensky skauting
(Slovak Scouting)
Slovenia Zveza tabornikov Slovenije
(Scout Association of Slovenia)
South Africa South African Scout Association
Spain
Federación de Escultismo en España (FEE)*
(Scouting Federation in Spain)
Federación de Asociaciones de Scouts de España
(ASDE) (Scouts of Spain)
Movimiento Scout Católico (MSC) (The Catholic Scout Movement) *with which is affilliated:
Federació Catalana d'Escoltisme i Guiatge (FCEG) (The Federation of Scouts and Guides in Catalonia)
Acciò Escolta de Catalunya
Escoltes Catalans
Minyons Escoltes/Guies Sant Jordi de Catalunya
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Scout Association
Saint Lucia The Saint Lucia Scout Association
Saint Vincent and The Grenadines The Scout Association of Saint Vincent & The Grenadines
Sudan Sudan Boy Scouts Association
Suriname Boy Scouts van Suriname
(Boy Scouts of Suriname)
Swaziland Emavulandlela Swaziland Scout Association
Sweden
Svenska Scoutråde t
(The Swedish Guide and Scout Council)
Frälsningsarméns Scoutförbund
(Salvation Army Guide and Scout Association)
KFUK- FKUMs Scoutförbund
(Swedish YWCA-YMCA Guide and Scout Association)
Nykterhetsrörelsens Scoutförbund
(Swedish Temperance Guide and Scout Association)
SMU-Scout
(Guide and Scout Organization of the Swedish Covenant Youth)
Svenska Scoutförbundet
(Swedish Guide and Scout Association)
Switzerland Swiss Guide and Scout Movement
Syrian Arab Republic Scouts of Syria
Tajikistan Ittihodi Scouthoi Tochikiston / Associatsia Skautov Tadjikistana
(Scout Association of Tajikistan)
Tanzania, United Republic of Tanzania Scouts Association
Thailand The National Scout Organization of Thailand
Togo Association Scoute du Togo
(Scout Association of Togo)
Trinidad and Tobago The Scout Association of Trinidad & Tobago
Tunisia Les Scouts Tunisiens
(The Scouts of Tunisia)
Turkey Turkiye Izcilik Federasyonu
(Scouting and Guiding Federation of Turkey)
Uganda The Uganda Scouts Association
Ukraine National Organization of Scouts of Ukraine
          COKE STUDIO AFRIKA YACHANGIA KUPAISHA KAZI ZA WASANII NCHINI TANZANIA.        
 
Baadhi ya wasanii wa Tanzania waliowahi kushiriki Coke Studio. *Imetangaza pia muziki wa Bongo Fleva Onyesho maarufu la muziki la Coke Studio Africa, ambalo hivi sasa limeingia katika awamu ya tano chini ya udhamini wa kampuni ya Coca-Cola, limechangia kwa kiasi kikubwa kutangaza wasanii wa Tanzania waliofanikiwa kushiriki na kazi zao nje ya nchi hususani wanaopiga muziki wa Bongo Flava. Kazi za wasanii zimejulikana kutokana na mtindo unaotumika katika onyesho hili la kuwakutanisha wasanii nguli kutoka nchi mbalimbali za Afrika ambapo hufanya kolabo za pamoja ambazo zinarushwa kupitia vituo vya luninga na kufuatiliwa na wapenzi wengi wa muziki kupitia mitandao ya kijamii. Baadhi ya wasanii kutoka Tanzania ambao wameshiriki onyesho hili tangu lianzishwe ni Lady Jaydee, Diamond Platnumz, Vanessa Mdee, Alikiba, Joh Makini, Shaa, Fid Q, Ben Pol, John Makini, Shaa, Nahreel na msimu huu wa tano wapo Rayvanny, Izzo Bizness na Nandy. Misimu minne iliyopita ya Coke Studio Africa imekuwa na mafanikio makubwa katika kuutangaza muziki wa Bongo Flava barani Afrika. Wamejiongezea mashabiki, wamejifunza mambo mbalimbali kuhusu muziki kama burudani, muziki kama taaluma na muziki kama biashara na tena si tu kutoka kwa wasanii wenzao wa Afrika na Marekani pia. Vilevile wasanii wote ambao wamepita kwenye onyesho hili wameendelea kupata mafanikio makubwa ya kimuziki kutokana na kazi zao kuendelea kutamba na kukubalika kwa wengi ndani na nje ya Tanzania. Taarifa kutoka kampuni ya Coca-Cola iliyotolewa hivi karibuni imeeleza kuwa onyesho la Coke Studio Africa, ambalo umaarufu wake umekuwa ukiongezeka mwaka hadi mwaka msimu huu utakuwa na burudani za aina yake kutoka kolabo za wasanii nguli barani Afrika kuanzia Afrika Magharibi mpaka Afrika ya Kusini na litarushwa na vituo vya luninga kwenye nchi zaidi ya 30 barani Afrika. Tangia onyesho hili lianzishwe limekuwa kiungo kikubwa cha kuwakutanisha wanamuziki wa Afrika kufanya kazi kwa pamoja na kupiga muziki wenye vionjo kutoka sehemu mbalimbali za Afrika ikiwemo kuleta burudani kubwa kwa washabiki wa muziki wa kiafrika na kuwaunganisha waafrika hususani vijana kupitia muziki. Katika msimu wa Coke Studio Africa unaotarajia kuanza kurushwa kwenye luninga mapema mwezi ujao unashirikisha wasanii kutoka katika nchi za Kenya, Afrika ya Kusini, Uganda, Tanzania, Rwanda, Ethiopia, Nigeria, Ghana, Angola, Zimbabwe, Togo, Cote d’Ivoire, Madagascar, Mauritius, Msumbiji, DRC na Cameroon.

          Mauritius        
- Le Morne Peninsula
- Pamplemousses Botanical Garden
- Chateau Labourdonnais
- Eureka Colonial House
- Le Morne Brabant (UNESCO)
- Berthelot Peak
- Guiby Peak

Black River Gorges National Park
- Gorges Viewpoint
- Alexandra Falls
- Bassin Blanc
- Shiva Statue
- Chamarel 7 Coloured Earth
- Chamarel Waterfall
- Petrin
- Macchabée Trail (Black River Gorges NP)

          LeapFrog invests US$25mn in AFB Mauritius Limited. A major new investment in the fintech space in Africa.        
LeapFrog Investments is investing US$25m in AFB Mauritius Limited (“afb”). afb is a disruptive financial technology platform that offers life-changing financial tools to financially-excluded consumers and small businesses in sub-Saharan Africa.  afb partners with mobile operators and retailers to reach this vast, untapped market. afb is growing rapidly, and already reaches some one million people […]
          Busty Mauritius Girl Riding A White Tourist At Her Home        
Enjoy Busty Mauritius Girl Riding A White Tourist At Her Home at PornoTube.rs - best free hardcore pornotube videos and homemade sex movies.
          Mauritius Metro Express Project contract awarded        
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          Hoch zu Ross - Reiturlaub auf Mauritius        
(rf) Mauritius, im Indischen Ozeans gelegen, gilt bei vielen Urlaubern als Inbegriff des Paradieses und bietet neben weißen Traumstränden, smaragdfarbenem Meer und unberührter Natur auch exotische ...
          Mobile Internet buses, vans and classrooms to support teachers & learners in remote communities        
bandwidth can be a challenge
bandwidth can be a challenge

Over the past 15 years, tremendous strides have been made in providing computing equipment and Internet access to schools around the world. Despite this, however, many teachers and students – especially those in rural communities in middle and low-income countries (and occasionally in OECD countries as well) remain largely un-connected.

In response, and as a (presumably, or at least hopefully) temporary stop-gap measure, scores of countries have piloted and championed the use of ‘mobile internet computing facilities’ of various sorts as a way to provide access for learners in remote communities to digital teaching and learning resources through the use of things like ‘internet buses’. For some students, ‘mobile learning’ takes place not with the aid of a smart phone, but rather through monthly visits of Internet-connected buses filled with computers. From Big Blue in Zimbabwe  to the Google Internet Bus in India to similar sorts of efforts in countries as diverse as Tunisia, Pakistan, Rwanda, Mauritius, the Philippines, Malaysia, the United States, Canada, Mexico and China, technology-rich portable classrooms on wheels of various sorts are in use – and many more are being considered and planned.

Most efforts of these sorts seem to have been conceptualized and implemented in a vacuum, not informed by related experiences in other places. Even where such efforts help meet objectives that are (if we are honest) more related to politics and public relations than they are to learning, what guidance should the people in charge of such efforts consider in order to get the most out of related investments?

And:

Might there be some related lessons and insights drawn from experience in operating mobile computing learning classrooms that can inform ongoing investments in other areas (school transportation, distance learning, school computer labs, rural Internet access)?

---


          Community Event        
Name * What would you like to invite the community to? (Ballet performance, rugby game, chess tournament, piano recital, etc...) * Wanna give some more details? Date/Time * Where will it be held? * AfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBhutanBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiComorosCongo (Brazzaville)CongoCosta RicaCote d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEast Timor (Timor Timur)EcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFijiFinlandFranceGabonGambia, TheGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGrenadaGuatemalaGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, NorthKorea, SouthKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMauritaniaMauritiusMexicoMicronesiaMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepaNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalQatarRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint VincentSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbia and MontenegroSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican CityVenezuelaVietnamYemenZambiaZimbabwe Website Upload Flyer or Photo (optional) Prev Next Submit
          Encuentra personas mdiante su telefono y el GPS        
A continuacion les presentamos esta innovacion para localizar gente mediante la señal del celular y un GPS. Gracias a www.trackapartner.com

Debes poner el pais y el numero de telefono con el codigo de la ciudad...


Track a phone number here
Select Country:
Phone Number:
Attention:
THE USE OF THIS SYSTEM IS FOR INFORMATIVE PURPOSES ONLY, WE ARE NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ITS ABUSE BY THE USER.
Welcome to Satellite Tracking
GSM mobile phone tracking system via the GPS-TRACK satellite network
Based on repeater triangulation, the system tracks mobile phones using GPS and GSM technology
We are not responsible for possible tracking errors that may occur.
Use areas
You can see where a person is; such as your wife, husband or friend in real time anywhere in the world 24/7
Copyright © www.trackapartner.com All Rights Reserved

Approximate margin of error:
10 meters (max.) for mobile phones in Europe and the U.K.
25 meters (max.) for mobile phones in the U.S.A., South America and Canada.
50 meters (max.) for mobile phones elsewhere.
This system will not work in countries without GSM technology networks.

          News for bollywood movies // 14        

Movie Review : Help

 Help

Director :
Music :
Lyrics :
Starring :
 Rajeev Virani
 Ashutosh Pathak
 Irshad kamil
 Bobby Deol, Mugdha Godse, Sophie Handa, Shreyas Talpade
,



view HELP videos


view HELP videos

Supernatural and horror films have something which is intriguing. There is a certain urge to know what is beyond our perception. But more often than not, the execution is not up to the mark. HELP is no exception.

Pia (Mugdha Godse) is married to filmmaker Vic (Bobby Deol). While going through a tumultuous relationship they unexpectedly have to rush to Mauritius after Pia's father has a heart attack. When she goes to her old home in Mauritius, Pia is confronted by her past. She had lost her five-year-old twin sister in an accident and now it seems that her spirit is back to take revenge. Taking the help of a renowned parapsychologist, Dr. Aditya Motwani (Shreyas Talpade), Vic now has task of getting to the bottom of the mystery and save her pregnant wife.

While the first half of Rajiv Virani's directorial debut HELP is slow, it picks up in the second half with a decent and unpredictable background story. Supposedly
inspired from the Hollywood film, MIRRORS, its climax has some chilling moments. There are some genuinely scary scenes like the one in which the ghost is crawling on a ceiling or the climax one involving mirrors. But they are too scanty leaving you asking for more. The scene showing a dead dog with its internal organs blown apart is utter gross. It has its share of flimsy moments. The standard formula of the protagonist not believing in ghosts initially, and later believing in supernatural powers and seeking help is shown in HELP too.







view HELP stills


view HELP stills

There are some conspicuous flaws like there's no physical damage shown to Susan Alves' (Sophia Handa) body at her funeral, even though she died because of a brutal accident. Handicap Aditya who plays basketball on a wheelchair, drives a car and is also able to hit the brake and accelerator. Even the editing is filthy as the screen goes black numerous times for transition. A random song which has Vic whining just post interval is a complete deterrent.

Imagine this: After a heated argument with Vic, Pia informs him of her pregnancy. It completely changes Vic who hugs her and says that he can't live without her. How touching...not! Also, Dr. Aditya Motwani believes the spirit can do him no wrong until he has the 'holy water' with him. Haven't sprits evolved beyond that?

Mugdha Godse plays her part well. She looks smouldering hot in the bikini scene. Bobby Deol is decent. Shreyas Talpade is passable in his extended special appearance. Salim Fateh as Pia's father is average. And Sophia Handa as Pia's best friend, well can she act?

With a middling story but just a few scary moments, HELP ends up being an ordinary fare.

Help Movie Poster

,,

Help Movie StillsHelp

HelpHelp,

Help wallpapers

,Help WallpaperHelp WallpaperHelp WallpaperHelp WallpaperHelp Wallpaper,,,,
          Hadlow in Mauritius        
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          VV-Impact Newsletter        
The Top 5 Research Impact Stories to keep you informed. 1. The reliability and usefulness of economic impact studies: Research roundup Read more 2. Research impact at specialist, regionally focused and smaller universities  Read more 3. Enter the Clinical Research Impact Award Read more 4. African institutions learn from the University of Mauritius’s push to make science visible Read more 5. Good practise example: Sussex Impact Day 2016 - Workshops Read more We are delighted to share that De
          Free Ebook River Of Smoke        


River Of Smoke by Amitav ghosh Free Ebook PDF Download

River of Smoke (2011) is a novel by Indian novelist Amitav Ghosh. It is the
second volume of what will be the Ibis trilogy .
After the incidents on Ibis, which was caught in a storm and
eventually ended up in Mauritius, but with a few passengers less, the story in
this novel begins from where it left off. From the details of the changing lives
and traditions of Indian migrants in Mauritius, the novel traces the fate of
other characters from Ibis and describes the opium trade in China. The
novel has a rich tapestry of characters from various cultural and geographical
backgrounds whose common interest is trade with China. The plot is set in
Fanqui town,a small strip of land used by foreigners to trade with local
Chinese traders, a year before the first opium war .

Download links


          Flights from Montreal to Mauritius        
Find cheap flights and airlines tickets to flight from Montreal to Mauritius
          New iPad launching in Latin America, Middle East, 30 additional regions this week        
Apple's new iPad will be launching in 30 additional regions on May 11 and 12, according to an update to localized versions of Apple's website. MacRumors hunted down the complete list: May 11: Argentina, Aruba, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Cambodia, Chile, Costa Rica, Curaçao, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Jamaica, Kenya, Madagascar, Malta, Martinique, Mauritius, Morocco, Peru, Taiwan, Tunisia, Vietnam May 12: Bahrain, Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates Turkey also launched without announcement last week. This will bring availability of Apple's new iPad to almost 60 regions since launching in the U.S. last month. It continues to be an incredibly fast rollout for Apple. Previous year's iPad launches were far more limited in regions and took longer to reach additional regions. Constraints on the large 9.7-inch 1024x768 display was often blamed as the cause. Yet this year, with a double dense 2048x1536 Retina display, the new iPad seems to b...
          iPhone 3G International: Stage 3 Begins Sept. 26!        
Apple said they would release the iPhone 3G in over 70 countries this year. They started off with 22 way back on July 11, added another 22 in August 22, and now it looks like they're planning on adding 29 more to the party starting September 26. According to Apple Insider, these include: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Russia, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey, and Venezuela. Still no China, of course, along with Korea, or... Antarctica. Anyone else missing? Iphone-riskEgyptSouth AfricaTurkeyBrazilNicaraguaDominican RepublicJamaicaJordanLithuaniaLatviaIphone InternationalBotswanaCameroonCentral African RepublicCroatiaEquatorial GuineaGuineaGuinea-bissauIvory CoastKenyaMadagascarMaliMaltaMauritiusNigerPanamaRussiaQatarSenegalVenezuelaNews...
          2017 Global Sales Science Institute Conference        
2017, 11th GLOBAL SALES SCIENCE INSTITUTE CONFERENCE  June 6 – 9, 2017 Mauritius Paradis Hotel & Golf Club, Le Morne – Indian Ocean Important dates & DEADLINES Papers Submission Deadline: !!! EXTENDED TO FRIDAY NOVEMBER 4TH, 2016 !!! Co-Chairs Decision to Authors: Monday, November 28th, 2016 Final Formatted Paper Version Deadline: Sunday, February 12th, 2017 Conference Registration Deadline: Monday, […]
          Golf        

Golf, was first played in Scotland in 1778 and then in England in 1798 and later the Officers of the British Military created the Calcutta Royal Golf Club in 1828 and the Delhi Royal Golf Club in 1832.

 

In 1844 Golf was introduced by the Officers of the British Military in Mauritius.   It was played on the grounds of the military base at Vacoas, known today as the Mauritius Gymkhana Club.

 

The ground was generally level, with an ideal temperature around the 20º C and very pleasant for residential and sporting purposes both during the summer and the winter seasons.  As from 1812 onwards till the First World War was a peaceful time, the officers of the army with lots of free time used to occupy themselves playing polo, on horseback.  From records available at the war office, golf was played at the MGC grounds in 1844, which makes it the fourth country club in the world where golf was played.

 

According to Golf Encyclopaedia, a golf tournament was played in Mauritius at Mauritius Gymkhana Club in 1847.

 

The course was indeed created on the grounds occupied by the British Military Garrison on which were to be found the military base, the various military compounds as well as the official residence of the Commanding Officer.  In fact, the house of the commanding officer has now been converted into an official place where the Prime Minister holds certain official functions.  It is better known as the Clarisse House.

 

The MGC golf course is located in the town of Vacoas and part of the course runs along the main Phoenix to Floréal road.  It is easily accessible from the main motorway and is only 25 minutes drive from Port Louis, the capital

 

The MGC was under the management of the British Military and Naval Forces up the year of 1976, eight years after the independence of Mauritius in 1968.  The first Mauritian president was Jean Gallea.  To-day the MGC is a Mauritian Club with over 2000 members.  Around 500 members play golf, of which a good majority participate in competitions on a regular basis.  One of the most famous golf competitions is the Ireland Cup, which was first played in 1932 and is being played every year together with the Island and Highland cups.  This competition is played on 3 consecutive days.

 

The MGC golf course is 5. 6 Kilometres long and is a par 68.  Despite the fact that it is a relatively short course it offers great challenges to the players as it is very tight and thus precision and technical shots are called for.  However, it is playable and enjoyable by golfers of all levels.

 

The course comprises six holes of par 3, two holes of par 5 and ten holes of par 4. The shortest being hole no.5 playing 132 metres and the longest being hole no 6 at 497 metres long. Hole 18 is lined on the left side with magnificent “tulips du Gabon’ and palm trees with an Out of Bound. The fairway gently slopes from left to right. On the right, a fairway bunker awaits those avoiding the left side of the fairway. The colourful flowered 18th green is also well protected. On the far side, the Club’s car park awaits the over hitters and the front of the bunker is protected by two bunkers.

 

The course is lined with trees and some of the original Elm tress dates back over 200 years.  Unfortunately, most of the historic Elm trees were destroyed by a severe Elm tree disease in 2001. However, the MGC has replanted some 1200 trees and is now also creating a special endemic garden, with the assistance of the Conservator of Forests of Mauritius as well as the assistance of the Mauritius Wildlife Fund.

 

The course can be compared to the famous St Andrews in Scotland, in as much as it is a natural course.  This course has been visited, played and appreciated by many top professional and famous international golfers such as Gary Player and Nick Faldo and most recently Jean Van De Velde from France.


          Throwback to January 2012: The Island of Mauritius        
Originally posted on La Buena Vida:
After 18 days sailing and over one month onboard seeing the small island nation of Mauritius was a welcome sight. “The island of Mauritius was unknown and uninhabited before its first recorded visit, by Arab sailors during the Middle Ages who named it Dina Arobi. In 1507 Portuguese sailors visited the uninhabited…
          Comment on 10 things to know about MALDIVES before you visit by Punita Malhotra        
Most people don't know that Mauritius is another 'lost Atlantis in the making'...such a paradise is facing threat of extinction. Have still to see it.
          Mauritian Photographers: Khatleen Minerve and Her Streets Project