Feast after fasting this Janmashtami at Taj Wellington Mews Mumbai         

by Shrutee K/DNS 
Mumbai: This Janmashtami welcome the birth of Lord Krishna with a burst of flavour and fervour! Get together with family and friends and feel the festive cheer with a range of delicious treats perfect for breaking your fast. The light and crispy Sabudana Vada, the soft Rajgiri Puri, traditional Vari Rice, refreshing Thandai, Vrat Waale Aloo will satisfy after a day’s fast, before a sweet and creamy Badam Kheer and fresh fruit. Come and taste the ‘food of the Gods’/ ‘divine offerings’ at Weli Deli, Taj Wellington Mews!

Offer valid:
Date: 14thAugust 2017
Day: Monday
Timing: 12 PM to 10: 45 PM
Venue: Weli Deli, Taj Wellington Mews, Mumbai 
Contact Number: 022 66574331
About Taj Hotels Palaces Resorts Safaris
Established in 1903, Taj Hotels Palaces Resorts Safaris is one of Asia's largest and finest group of hotels, comprising 98 hotels in 61 locations across the globe, including presence in India, North America, United Kingdom, Africa, Middle East, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Bhutan and Nepal. From world-renowned landmarks to modern business hotels, idyllic beach resorts to authentic Grand Palaces, each Taj hotel offers an unrivalled fusion of warm Indian hospitality, world-class service and modern luxury.  For over a century, The Taj Mahal Palace, Mumbai, the iconic flagship has set a benchmark for fine living with exquisite refinement, inventiveness and warmth. Taj Hotels Palaces Resorts Safaris is part of the Tata Group, India’s premier business house. For more information, please visit www.tajhotels.com.



          Ð”ешеві квитки на Мальдіви у сезон: Київ — Мале 12500₴ з FlyDubai        
Алоха, пірати. Погріти кісточки у лютому на теплому сонці і на теплому морі можна, скориставшися пропозицією FlyDubai на Мальдіви: Київ — Мале 12500₴ туди-назад. Виліт із Жулян, багато дат з жовтня по березень, а сезон на островах, нагадаємо, з грудня по березень. І ми не знущаємося, зима обов’язково настане, і буде сніг і холод :-) Напрямки Київ — Мале 12500₴ Дати ...
          Favorite Places to Visit; Indian Ocean!        
Great, Tropical Islands of Indian & Atlantic Oceans to visit & to travel to: Mauritius, Seychelles, the Maldives & the Canary Islands!
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Introduction To The Maldives        
By Robert Hart

Heavenly turquoise blue waters, lush tropical islands and Robinson Crusoe type isolation – these are just some of the images that come to mind when we think about travelling to the Maldives. In this book you’ll discover a new world altogether – a beautiful world beyond the imagination of most people. A world where you can be one of a small handful of people that have an island all to themselves. This world is called The Maldives. And this book will tell you everything you need to know about these tiny palm-fringed islands.


Location Of The Maldives

The Maldives are a group of tiny islands that are set in the Indian Ocean – the closest countries to the Maldives are India and Sri Lanka. There are approximately 1200 separate islands in the Maldives and only about one sixth of these are populated. The capital of the Maldives is Male – the most densely inhabited island. But while Male, it seems, is simply bursting from the seams, there certainly are no space problems on the other islands. Male holds about a third of the Maldivian population while the remaining are scattered around various other islands.


A Brief History Of The Maldives

While there are no certain facts it is estimated that the Maldives have been populated as early as 1500 BC, most likely explorers from India and Sri Lanaka (Ceylon). During 1152 there was a conversion to islam although there was a brief period from 1558 to 1573 when the Maldives was taken over and ruled by the Portugese. The islands were also under the rule of the British in 1887. In 1965 the Maldives regained its independent status.


Flora & Fauna That Inhabit The Islands & Surrounding Waters

Contrary to the first impressions of many, the Maldives islands are not especially hospitable to plants, mainly because the soil does not have the nutrients to support a large and varied diversity of plant life. The main type of vegetation include coconut trees, vines, banyan trees as well as mangroves. Also found are Breadfruit trees and Bamboos. Flowering plants include Bougainvillaea and Frangipani.

The islands have an incredible number of colourful, tropical fish and when you visit you’re bound to see many of them. A few of these include Butterfly fish, Dolphins, Anglefish, Parrotfish and Flutemouth. The colours and shapes of some of these fish are as varied and intriguing as their names would suggest. Divers are sure to have an experience of a lifetime in the Maldives.

While there are a healthy variety of birds inhabiting the islands, there are fewer varieties of land based animals. Common to the islands are flying foxes, geckos and garden lizards. There are also a couple of species of snake (not dangerous).
There are over 100 species of birds – expect to see crows, parakeets, and waterhens as well as koel birds. Also present are herons, seagulls and noddys.


The Type Of Travellers The Maldives Appeals To

The Maldives is a wonderful destination for a wide variety of travellers – from those seeking complete bliss and Robinson Crusoe type peace & quiet (in an absolutely idyllic surrounding), to beach lovers and diving enthusiasts to honeymooners and romantic couples looking for some enchanting memories in one of the most beautiful places in the world. With a wide variety of resorts to choose from it’s important to research the facilities in a wide range of resorts to make sure that you get whatever it is you’re looking for. For example, some resorts may suit more active travellers while others would be more suited to those looking for a quiet and peaceful stay.


How To Get To The Maldives

Almost all visitors get to the Maldives via plane – typically, they arrive in Male, the capital from their port of departure and from there will be transferred to their resort. Transfers are usually via seaplane or speedboat. Given the stunning scenery it’s always advisable to arrive by seaplane where possible – the views of the islands from the air are nothing short of spectacular. When researching resorts and prices it’s worth remembering that some packages will be quoted with transfers built into the price while others will not. Transfers can be quite pricey.

Some resorts are located quite close to the airport in Male – transfer times can be under 20 minutes while other resorts further away may take an hour or even two to reach depending on the type of transfer. Keep in mind that after travelling a long distance on a flight, the last thing that you’ll want to do is spend a further couple of hours on a speedboat.

If your transfer is not via seaplane it is possible to ride in a seaplane during your stay – and get some stunning photos of the islands and atolls from high above.
          minimal maldives        

Maldives Chalets is a design proposal for an avant gard concept, the first option was for a more minimal, and purist solution but principally a box unit with views looking straight out of the bedroom, with all clear glazing and open top window. With this we hope to see no more Balinese or Oriental Charm attractions overwhelming the hospitality market, so saturated with 'as expected' directions.

www.zlgdesign.com

                  

©2006.huatlim
image of the maldives chalet in red interior fit out


Chalet prototypes have been studied and researched to finally allow us to let go of the Balinese mainstream aesthetics when we approach an hotel design such as this. The idea was simply to use the lagoon as part of the interior experience, with very open views to the surrounding low density development, making this conceptually powerful, proving it to be a totally honest and straightforward chalet design, and underlining a completely refreshing intent. The product is most challenging as it raises issues of typology and user experience.

www.zlgdesign.com

          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-13-2017 with Andy Zicklin        
Playlist:

Puddles Pity Party- Pinball Prison - Pinball Prison Single
Diegos Umbrella- Don Quixote - Edjka
CJ Ramone- Pony - American Beauty
Sofi Tukker- Johny Faruk Sabanci Remix - Johny Faruk Sabanci Remix Single
The Maldives- A Day At The Beach - Mad Lives
Portugal The Man- My Mind - Church Mouth
Powderfinger- Stand Yourself - Golden Rule
The Damned- I Just Cant Be Happy Today - Machine Gun Etiquette
Flogging Molly- Reptiles We Woke Up - Life Is Good
Dinah Washington- Baby Get Lost - The Complete Dinah Washington On Mercury Vol1 19461949
The Regrettes- I Dont Like You - Feel Your Feelings Fool
Robyn Hitchcock- Raymond And The Wires - Robyn Hitchcock
David Bowie- Fall Dog Bombs The Moon - Reality Bonus Track Version
Father John Misty- Total Entertainment Forever - Pure Comedy
The Men- Dreamer - Devil Music
Bleached- Flipside - Can You Deal EP
Johnny Thunders The Heartbreakers- Get Off The Phone - LAMF The Lost 77 Mixes Special Edition
Claw Boys Claw- Venus - Shocking Shades Of Claw Boys Claw
The Widows Bane- The Wedding Song - Dont Be Afraid Its Only Death
The Bad Things- Careless Maria - After The Inferno
Walter Sickert The Army Of Broken Toys- Hollow Points - Come Black Magic
Moris Tepper- The Ballad Of Shotgun Throat - A Singer Named Shotgun Throat
Banana Gun- MirrorMirror - LoveInstinct
Rozz RezabekWright- Pirates An Poseurs - Lover Legend Liar
And The Black Feathers- Beautiful Corpse - Pink Black And Bruised
Gasoline Lollipops- Santa Maria And The Sand Man - Resurrection
The Hold Steady- Adderall - A Positive Rage
Life Without Buildings- PS Exclusive - Any Other City
Wire- Short Elevated Period - Silver Lead
Mick Harvey- God Smokes Havanas - Intoxicated Women
Evanescence- My Immortal - Fallen
Wall Of Voodoo- Blackboard Sky - Seven Days In Sammystown
LInk Wray- 5101520 - Slinky Link
The Dickies- Wagon Train - Stukas Over Disneyland
Arame- Qavor - Armenian Stars Vol1
Orion- Peggy Sue - Sun Collector Classics Rockabilly
Lee Dorsey- Working In The Coal Mine - Good Vibrations 2 Disc One
Flo Morrissey And Matthew E White- Everybody Loves The Sunshine - Gentlewoman Ruby Man
Holly Cole- Ive Just Seen A Face - Dark Dear Heart
Cab Calloway- Everybody Eats When They Come To My House - Hi De Ho Man Cab Calloway Classics
Le Butcherettes- Henry Dont Got Love - Sin Sin Sin


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-04-13
          Verden rundt med Four Seasons        
4s_jet_maldives-06746-800x300Har du noen gang ønsket Ã¥ reise verden rundt i en privat jet, og nyte unike og eksklusive opplevelser pÃ¥ noen av klodens mest spennede destinasjoner og bo pÃ¥ noen av verdens mest luksuriøse hoteller? Dette tilbyr Four Sesons nÃ¥r de nÃ¥ introduserer et unikt tilbud som innebærer at man kan flys verden rundt i […]
          India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1        

New York: India came down by one slot and was ranked 131st among 188 countries on Human Development Index (HDI) 2016 released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

India fell under the "medium human development category" and its HDI, at 0.624, was behind Sri Lanka and the Maldives in South Asia.

Sri Lanka and the Maldives were ranked 73 and 105 respectively and figure in the "high human development" section.

India was placed behind countries like Gabon (109), Egypt (111), Indonesia (113), South Africa (119) and Iraq (121) among others. The report lists a total of 188 countries.

China occupies the 90th spot. Bhutan is at 132, Bangladesh 139, Nepal 144 and Pakistan is at 147.

Devised and launched in 1990, HDI is a statistic which ranks countries into four tiers of human development on the basis of indicators like life expectancy, education and per capita income.

A higher lifespan, higher level of education and higher GDP per capita results in a country scoring higher HDI.

The top three countries in HDI were Norway (0.949), Australia (0.939) and Switzerland (0.939).

"Identifying those who have been left out of the progress in human development and mapping their locations are essential for useful advocacy and effective policymaking," according to the report.

"Such mapping can help development activists demand action and guide policymakers in formulating and implementing policies to improve the well-being of marginalised and vulnerable people," it added.

The report said gender equality and women`s empowerment were fundamental dimensions of human development.

However, globally, women have a lower HDI than men, despite having higher life expectancy at birth, said the report.

South Asia`s Gender Development Index (GDI) is the lowest.

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India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1

India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1
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          Indian teacher raped in Maldives, critical        
A 24-year-old Indian computer teacher was brutally raped in Maldives and is in "very serious condition", prompting India to take up the matter with Ma...
          Someone Famous and Local (from This Year's Bumbershoot Lineup) Is Playing at the Downtown Nordstrom at Noon        
Get downtown right now. by Sean Nelson

It probably wont look like this outside Nordstrom today, but it could be fun anyway.
It probably won't look like this outside Nordstrom today, but it could be fun anyway. 3RIC JOHANSON

If you're downtown, or can get downtown in the next few minutes, and like local music, or are a Bumbershoot enthusiast, or just enjoy live performance being inserted into a venerable retail environment, or even just like rubbing up against strangers (in a consensual, non-sexual way), you should hustle down to the Nordstrom flagship location, where, a reliable e-mail source informs me, "there is going to be a very special secret performance at the downtown Seattle Nordstrom (500 Pine St) today at noon in honor of Bumbershoot!"

When pressed for details, my correspondent disclosed that the most they could reveal was "It's one of the local acts from this year's lineup." A quick scan of the Stranger Things To Do guide to Bumbershoot 2017 reveals that the possibilities include: Porter Ray, Tacocat, Stas Thee Boss, Crater, Spider Ferns, Smokey Brights, Dude York, Acapulco Lips, Spider Ferns, the Maldives, Kid Hops, and more. That's a lot of talent right there. Enjoy!


          Wildlife Disease Journal Digest        

Browse complete Digest publication library here

Lead in Ammunition: A Persistent Threat to Health and Conservation
EcoHealth. 2014; [Epub ahead of print]. doi:10.1007/s10393-013-0896-5
C. K. Johnson, T. R. Kelly, B. A. Rideout
[Courtesy of a fellow Digest reader!]

River otters as biomonitors for organochlorine pesticides, PCBs, and PBDEs in Illinois
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 2014 Feb; 100: 99–104
Samantha K Carpenter et al.
[Another great article shared by a member. Digest readers are the best!]

A case of chronic wasting disease in a captive red deer (Cervus elaphus)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 2013 Sep; 25(5):573-576. doi:10.1177/1040638713499914
Marc D. Schwabenlander et al.

A survey of fish viruses isolated from wild marine fishes from the coastal waters of southern Korea
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation. 2013 Nov; 25(6): 750-755. doi:10.1177/1040638713504755
Wi-Sik Kim et al.

Influenza A virus infections in marine mammals and terrestrial carnivores
Berl Munch Tierarztl Wochenschr. 2013 Nov-Dec;126(11-12):500-8.
Harder TC et al.

Disease and Predation: Sorting out Causes of a Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis) Decline
PLoS One. 2014 Feb 7;9(2):e88271. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088271. eCollection 2014.
Smith JB et al.

Network Analysis of Translocated Takahe Populations to Identify Disease Surveillance Targets
Conserv Biol. 2014 Feb 11. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12178. [Epub ahead of print]
Grange ZL, VAN Andel M, French NP, Gartrell BD.

Perfluorinated compounds: emerging POPs with potential immunotoxicity
Toxicol Lett. 2014 Feb 3. pii: S0378-4274(14)00058-7. doi: 10.1016/j.toxlet.2014.01.038. [Epub ahead of print]
Corsini E et al.

Frequent and seasonally variable sublethal anthrax infections are accompanied by short-lived immunity in an endemic system
J Anim Ecol. 2014 Feb 5. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12207. [Epub ahead of print]
Cizauskas CA, Bellan SE, Turner WC, Vance RE, Getz WM.

Do-or-die life cycles and diverse post-infection resistance mechanisms limit the evolution of parasite host ranges
Ecology Letters. 2013; [Epub ahead of print 2014 Feb 04]. DOI:10.1111/ele.12249
Michael Sieber and Ivana Gudelj

A need for One Health approach - lessons learned from outbreaks of Rift Valley fever in Saudi Arabia and Sudan
Infection Ecology and Epidemiology. 2014; 4: 20710. doi: 10.3402/iee.v4.20710
Osama Ahmed Hassan, Clas Ahlm, Magnus Evander

Monitoring diseases in garden wildlife [No online abstract]
Vet Rec. 2014 Feb 1;174(5):126. doi: 10.1136/vr.g1295.
Cunningham AA, Lawson B, Hopkins T, Toms M, Wormald K, Peck K.

Community change and evidence for variable warm-water temperature adaptation of corals in Northern Male Atoll, Maldives
Mar Pollut Bull. 2014 Jan 30. pii: S0025-326X(14)00036-8. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2014.01.035. [Epub ahead of print]
McClanahan TR and Muthiga NA

Identifying future zoonotic disease threats: Where are the gaps in our understanding of primate infectious diseases?
Evol Med Public Health. 2013 Jan;2013(1):27-36. doi: 10.1093/emph/eot001. Epub 2013 Jan 22.
Cooper N and Nunn CL.



          Earth Day 2013: The Face of Climate Change        
Earth Day 2013: The Face of Climate Change

Climate change has many faces.

A man in the Maldives worried about relocating his family as sea levels rise, a farmer in Kansas struggling to make ends meet as prolonged drought ravages the crops, a fisherman on the Niger River whose nets often come up empty, a child in New Jersey who lost her home to a super-storm, a woman in Bangladesh who can’t get fresh water due to more frequent flooding and cyclones…

And they’re not only human faces.

They’re the polar bear in the melting arctic, the tiger in India’s threatened mangrove forests, the right whale in plankton-poor parts of the warming North Atlantic, the orangutan in Indonesian forests segmented by more frequent bushfires and droughts…

These faces of climate change are multiplying every day.

For many, climate change can often seem remote and hazy – a vague and complex problem far off in the distance that our grandchildren may have to solve. But that’s only because they’re still fortunate enough to be insulated from its mounting consequences. Climate change has very real effects on people, animals, and the ecosystems and natural resources on which we all depend. Left unchecked, they’ll spread like wildfire.

Between now and Earth Day, we’ll collect and display Earth Day pictures of people, animals, and places directly affected or threatened by climate change – as well as images of people stepping up to do something about it. We’ll tell the world their stories. But we need your help. We need you to be climate reporters. So, send us your pictures and stories that show The Face of Climate Change.
          Win a luxury holiday in the Maldives worth £30,000        
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          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        


Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information


The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website http://ec.europa.eu/





          Maldives Police Empowered by Exadata: Hassan’s Story        
Hope you are all having a great summer!
          The perfect getaway for superyachts l Maldives        
The perfect getaway spot for Super-Yachts l Maldives l Yachtsons l The Perfect Journey l yachtsons.com l +960-3011511
          Super-yacht Agent l Maldives        
Yachtsons - The best super-yacht services in the Maldives l www.yachtsons.com l info@yachtsons.com l +960-3011511 l +960-7767787
          The fun side for Superyachts in Maldives        
The fun side for Superyachts in Maldives l Yachtsons, Your Superior Yacht Agent in the Maldives l yachtsons.com l info@yachtsons.com
          Will HDFC Personal Loan Interest Rates Allow You to Buy a Trip to Maldives? (Vikas Das)        
So, you are deep into your thoughts of taking a flight to Maldives and thus making all the calculations.
          ã€2012馬爾地夫遊記day1】NIYAMA-行前計劃+飯店選擇+沙灘屋+島上漫遊        
因為電影藍色珊瑚礁,駱寶老是說馬爾地夫多美多美,說馬爾地夫是她多年的夢想, 也講了十年,今年我們終於規劃了馬爾地夫之行, 在休假和旅費都沒定案的情況下,我隨性的問問旅行社, 沒想到老天很快的允諾時間和金錢,我們就這樣成行了(不愧是2012å¹´!)    ● 行前計劃 --出發時間選擇 謹慎的我當然是先上網查資料,得知馬爾地夫常年氣溫在25~30度,只有乾、濕季之分, 乾季是旺季,約在11月~4月之間,太陽頗大、不太會遇到下雨,當然價格也較高, 濕季是淡季,約在5月~10月之間,下雨機率高、風浪大,價格似乎也較低,或能遇到些優惠價, 我們詢價時是3月初,想說排四月底去,應可避免濕季,但殘念的是看上的飯店已客滿... 最快要到5月23號有房,我心中出現小天使惡魔,因為六月份的雨量最多... 「難得去一趟人間天堂,挑濕季如果一直下雨、無法享受陽光不是很可惜!?」 「沒關係啦,反正休假也不好僑,一切就交給老天爺吧」 考慮了數天,最後決定順其自然,溼季就溼季吧! 那濕季狀況到底是如何呢?其實說不準,要看運氣啦 我們六天中,有三天遇到下雨,但不是一直下,大部份早上到中午會出太陽(拍照趁此時), 下午雲層較厚,偶爾飄些小雨,但很快就停,維持在陰天 有一晚遇到暴風雨,狂風大作、暴雨亂噴!等於台灣的強度颱風, 但一個小時後風平浪靜....好像一切沒發生過 其實挺有趣的,讓我慢慢寫在遊記中 --飯店選擇 馬爾地夫是一島一飯店,究竟一島一飯店是啥意思? 原來該國家座落在印度下方的印度洋,是由數千個小小島嶼組成, 就像花瓣散落在印度洋上,有「花環之國」之稱。     每一個小島上只能建造一座飯店,即成一島一飯店 整個假期就是在島上欣賞美景、渡假、享用飯店設備、美食、浮潛、玩樂... 本來怕無聊,還帶了幾本書跟畫冊=完全用不到,光玩樂就很忙了唷 挑飯店首先想到Club Med,這可是20年前的頂級渡假村代表, 查了一下資料,價格還不錯,餐點、飲料都不需另外付費, 整個包套的環境挺吸引人的,而且有中文服務人員,也因為如此,聽說很多阿六仔會去Club Med, 這點著實讓我大大卻步了,沒有批評的意思唷,只是...you know,阿六仔講話很大聲嘛~我怕吵, 如果不介意人多或喜歡熱鬧(含蓄說法),Club Med應該也是不錯的選擇。 所以另外挑飯店,兩個獅子座女生嘛,想物色好一點的飯店,看上的包括: 四季酒店 蘭達吉拉瓦魯島Four Seasons Resort Maldives at Landaa Giraavaru W 寧靜島W Retreat and Spa Maldives 瑞堤拉島One and Only Reethi Rah 拉姆度假村Six Senses Laamu 這幾間都是五星級,價格略有差異,但都不便宜^+++^, 看了旅行社報價後,比兩年前詢問的又更高貴些, 聽說馬爾地夫正在淹沒中,旅費會一年比一年貴...似乎是真的>< 我最想去的是四季酒店的Landaa Giraavaru, 不過升級水上屋和泳池屋後,也許再加上自費晚餐...嘖嘖,大大超出預算, 正當為了選飯店在猶豫時,旅行社給了另一個建議, 是三月剛開幕,也是五星級的NIYAMA渡假飯店,現在有開幕促銷唷 看了飯店照片與簡介,我有點心動了...而且被他的海底酒吧打動(我們去的時候還沒蓋好) 不過必須先確認幾件事: 1.飯店有附贈礦泉水嗎? 水資源在馬爾地夫相當珍貴,有些飯店的水要另外收費, 看有些網友還自己扛水去,未免也太辛苦了! NIYAMA每天送1大2小的礦泉水,嗯~~美賣唷! 2.早晚餐吃啥? 不只水,所有的資源(除了海鮮)在馬爾地夫幾乎都是運過去的, 若自費用餐,一餐大概也要80~100美金, 看到許多網友為了省餐費自備泡麵,我真不想醬子, 而NIYAMA現在開幕優惠中,早晚餐免費,嗯~美賣唷! 3.救生衣提供? 爬文看到有些飯店的救生衣需要到大廳借,頗麻煩, 不會游泳的我,行前寫信問NIYAMA救生衣問題, 每間房間都有獨立救生衣兩件, å—¯~美賣唷! 4.新建造的飯店,週邊魚比較少的問題? 旅行社幫我詢問後,確認新建造的飯店的確會魚群較少, 那我期待在水上屋看魚群游來游去的畫面.....?! 跟駱寶討論,她說不需要看到很多魚XD,太多反而會害怕... OK,那我就放下期待,看大海就好 事實證明魚群真的比較少,直接在水上屋裡往下看,沒有什麼魚 但還是有魚,只是要遊到非洲餐廳珊瑚礁旁邊,能看到啥種類要看運氣。 5.島與機場距離? 如果太近、就只能坐遊艇,如果太遠,就要坐水上飛機+遊艇, NIYAMA的距離是坐水上飛機40分鐘,嗯~在理想範圍內。 來這邊當然要坐水上飛機啦! 另外我還在意泡澡時的景致,比方水上屋泡澡時有沒有無敵海景...等等, NIYAMA沒有任何台灣朋友的遊記可參考,真的讓我猶豫好幾天..., 縱合以上數點,我們決定衝動一下選他啦!再挑戰台灣第一篇NIYAMA遊記, 而NIYAMA也帶給我們很棒的回憶。 --攜帶物品 雖然是濕季,氣溫仍約30度左右,厚衣用不上 我的清單如下: 牙膏牙刷(一定要帶,馬爾地夫飯店已取消提供一次性用品)、防曬、止汗、換洗衣物、美美衣服、薄外套、 泳衣1~2套、蛙鞋(飯店可借)、面鏡+呼吸管(飯店可借)、拖鞋或涼鞋、隱形眼鏡、太陽眼鏡、大草帽(我沒用到) 綁髮帶、個人藥品(止痛、胃藥、小護士、防水OK繃)、雨具、相機、記憶卡、充電器、轉換插頭、零食、 記帳本、筆、書、畫冊、衛生紙、棉棉、IPAD+灌好的影片+遊戲... 設備性質的東西,高級的飯店都可免費借,一般的衣服或洋裝可以帶一下, 因為餐廳不能只穿泳裝進入(其實只是虛榮的想在大海旁拍美美照)。 ●OK~出花!! 前兩天順便過境新加坡玩了兩天,帶著興奮的心情抵達馬列機場島 天氣好熱啊^0^,相機鏡頭都起霧了 15年夢想,完成的那一刻真是感動,同航班有幾對渡蜜月的亞洲夫妻,都捧了個小蛋糕 夫妻來渡蜜月很划算耶!飯店都會送些有的沒的 對高消費的馬爾地夫抱持著一些幻想,沒想到馬列機場小又簡陋, 難道當地人的生活其實很簡樸!?最後一天遊馬列時發現,的確是的, 而馬列機場已經不堪負荷,正在興建新機場中,預計2013年完工。 入境大廳滿滿都是各大飯店的接機人員 NIYAMA的在這啦^0^,好顯眼,而且是用平板電腦耶 在此開始連續講六天的英文,我的破英文吶....出發前有跟EJ和KIM臨時抱佛腳,練了一個月的旅遊英文, 勉強勉強還算可溝通,怕英文的駱寶還是當了六天的啞巴,後來有讓她練到一次對話, 可能位置靠印度的關係,大部份工作人員都像印度人,其中不乏帥哥美女,說著帶有印度腔的英文 接機人員幫我們處理水上飛機,我們只需在旁發呆, 他轉過來說了一些話,大部份聽不懂(哈哈),聽不懂時只需露出疑惑表情,他們會很耐心的再說一次, 總之,接機人員會把我們安排妥當,雖然不知道下一步要幹嘛,放輕鬆等待就好了。 很快來了一部轎車,原來要載我們到接待會館,服務人員都很NICE,會親切的跟你聊天 常問的問題不乏: 1.你從哪裡來? 2.第一次來馬爾地夫嗎? 3.是來渡假嗎?幾天? 4.這裡漂亮嗎? (以上問題有被問5~6次吧) 機場島旁邊就是首都馬列,當地人生活重心, 司機超熱心特地停車叫我拍,趕快拿出相機拍一下>w< 到接待會館囉,似乎是水上飛機公司,每間飯店在裡面會有一個招待所 到這裡又換另一人服務,不知在幫我們處理啥,只要跟著服務人員走就可以。 進入NIYAMA接待會館,在此稍坐休息,裡面很舒服耶 很快遞上冰涼毛巾,哇~駱寶的最愛 還有一杯冰冰的好喝果汁 巴台上有點心、飲料,但我沒用到,我跑去用別的東西 有電腦啦~~哈哈哈,馬上衝去用,開心死了 在FB上跟家人朋友報平安   窗戶旁看下去,水上飛機待命中 約10分鐘後,服務人員請我們去看一段DVD,介紹水上飛機的安全影片 大家前往搭機囉,呵呵,一班約可載十多人    會發這個耳塞,水上飛機的聲音很大+氣壓,強烈建議要使用 嘟嘟嘟~~起飛囉 一路上會見識到何為"花環之國",許多島嶼是小到無法蓋房子,但那天藍色仍然美麗的很 還可以看見別的飯店,我很喜歡看其他島的水上屋排列 拍拍照、睡一下,40分鐘後抵達NIYAMA飯店了,有自己的碼頭,不需再經過一趟快艇接送 這裡又有冰毛巾了,看駱寶開心的 第一天天氣:晴天偏陰,雲層頗厚但沒下雨 哇~這海水藍的像話嗎!! 好喝的迎賓果汁,我忙著拍照 前方是接待大廳,有一個小驚喜在等我們 忽然有個人跑來問我"請問是X小姐嗎?" 聽到中文好開心呀!!不過妳....妳.....妳是誰?(一度以為飯店好貼心,幫我們準備中文管家!?) 原來是YOYO旅行社幫我排行程的林小姐,本來就知道她要出差,居然是來馬爾地夫,這工作也太棒了吧! 她知道我們今天要來,特地在此等候,等下就要搭機回台灣了, 林小姐推薦我們一定要去吃非洲餐廳的龍蝦,超好吃要先預約(筆記ing...)、還有飯店的免費浮潛活動(筆記ing...) 遇到林小姐太雀躍了,看到她是個正妹更開心,呵呵^0^ (她的臉好小啊...下次拍照我要站後面點) 在接待大廳坐一會兒,終於有時間喝果汁了,一直要拍照就是為了寫遊記,請正在看遊記的人為我掌聲鼓勵鼓勵 一直在想什麼時候要check in?還沒辦理任何手續就坐上行李車了 遠方那是水上屋呢! 行李車一路穿越小叢林,嘟嘟嘟~~~ ●海景沙灘泳池屋 前兩晚我們住「海景沙灘泳池屋」,後兩晚住「水上屋泳池屋」,兩種都要體驗看看, 每間沙灘屋前都有一段綠色小徑,到了8號房的入口,服務人員帶我們下車,往房間前進 我們的房間到囉! 原來直接在房間check in耶,接下來帶我們介紹房間設備, 整體裝潢相當時尚,設備也很先進,床很軟很舒服。^+++^ 迎賓水果是駱寶最喜歡的紅毛丹 陽台外是泳池、再過去是沙灘+海邊,算是自己的私人沙灘, 沙灘可通往主餐廳,別人有可能會經過,所以不建議裸泳XD,這裡畢竟是回教國家 有很舒服的吊床,我覺得這些設備有很大的心理作用,極少使用但看著很爽。 帶我們認識房間的第一位服務人員:Nico,人美又親切。 她問我們說哪國語言?我說"中文",她說如果有任何問題,可以打電話到櫃台找Lana,Lana會說中文:D 後來我們閒晃到大廳,剛好遇到Lana,就請她幫我們預約後天的非洲餐廳龍蝦XDD Nico說這是她最愛的部份,床頭後的大木門打開是....燈燈燈 浴室呀~~我倆不禁"哇~~~"的叫出來 左右是乾濕分離的馬桶與淋浴區,盡頭是露天淋浴>W<,Nico說非常隱密,可以放心, 至於使用後的感覺....在陽光下淋浴、襯著鳥鳴與樹稍的沙沙聲,彷彿跟大自然融為一體啦 這的螞蟻各個都是王! 我坐在浴缸上,這的浴室設備都很不錯,品味走時尚路線 洗手面盆有兩個,Nico特別介紹沐浴用品及乳液,看她自豪的表情,似乎是很頂級的乳液, 試擦一下,有股天然的芳香,一下就滲進皮膚而且清爽不油膩,我們全部帶回家了XD 室內的淋浴器材也很讚 又回到房間啦,遠方是mini吧台,來看看有啥設備 我說啊~英文練好不會吃虧的,不然就像我們一樣,聽完介紹後還是忘光光怎麼用 大部份的使用都算額外消費,有個價格小牌牌,但冰箱冷凍庫的哈根達斯冰淇淋是免費滴唷~會每天補唷!!! (我們沒吃到,是回台灣後林小姐打電話來關心玩的開不開心時提到的......乖~不要哭,台灣也有賣............嗚嗚嗚...) 這是爆米花機耶~哈哈哈,電視裡的影片都可以免費看,可以自己爆米花來吃 電話按7可以接櫃台,造型很讚的電話 還有一個我們很喜歡的備品---薰香,house keeping每天會補一根,但我們都會多要一些, 很好聞,非常棒的薰香,最後一天的house keeping還給我一整包,超開心的,多給他一些小費^^ ●海邊玩耍 外面的泳池水很乾淨,有一種淡淡的味道,我猜是淡化海水的味道吧 要去踩馬爾地夫的白沙囉!這的沙真的又白又美又軟又細,再搭配上水藍色的海,有很棒的療癒效果, 我在出國前一週,養了13年的愛貓妞妞診斷出腎衰竭,我把妞委託信賴的動物醫院照顧,本想回國再去接牠, 我知道妞妞是不想我擔心、要我出國好好玩,所以挑選在我出國前一天過世了... 我傷心死了,覺得再也找不到和牠一樣,跟我心靈相通的貓,在新加坡時想到還會一直哭... 不過馬爾地夫實在太美了,讚嘆的那一瞬間,我會忘記失去愛貓的傷心,六天讓我得到極大療癒。   那個摳啊(台語),是拿來沖腳的,不然會把沙帶到房間 玩完沙,進房間休息一下,翹腳欣賞大海+享受迎賓水果 這個自拍我搞好久,最後用一個有創意但不方便說的方式架好了相機XD 休息一會,某人超快的換泳衣跳到泳池,又在旁邊玩貝殼、玩寄居蟹 那個....咳,馬爾地夫規定不能帶沙和貝殼離開的,不過....那個...咳,有小小撿了一些做紀念,真的只有一些些啦 ●島上閒晃 研究島上路線圖中,主要看餐廳怎麼走,還有遊戲室、健身房、圖書室、水上用具室.... 附贈的早餐要去Epicure主餐廳,而晚餐可以選Epicure主餐廳(自助式)或Tribal非洲餐廳用餐 小徑入口的房間門牌 Epicure主餐廳旁的小Bar,我們一直沒去研究它到底是做什麼的,至今仍是個謎 傍晚的馬爾地夫也很美,一切覆蓋上一層藍色,搭配上燈光或蠋火的橘紅,氣氛超有FU 主餐廳Epicure的傍晚景致,前面有大大的公共泳池 當我們要入內用餐時,服務人員說今晚在Tribal非洲餐廳用巴比Q燒烤唷! 於是我們前往非洲餐廳 這裡的路幾乎都是叢林小徑,晚上出來散步,會聽到浪聲和鳥鳴,有一股身在叢林的感覺,還好路上有會亮的的指標 ●圖書室 經過此處進去看看,原來是圖書室,有少許書籍和一些DVD, 可以把DVD拿回房間看,再請大廳送DVD PLAYER到房間即可。 這裡有兩台蘋果電腦!嘻嘻嘻...來用一下 後來發現全島都可以無線上網,在房間用IPAD就可以啦 每天即時分享照片到FB,朋友們都因為美景而流口水 又經過一間,原來是ACTIVE遊戲室,我們每天都來報到XD 可以免費玩的有桌球、撞球、射飛標、手足球、PS3、XBOX 一進去就遇到親切的服務人員---Moosa,後來他每天都陪我們去外海浮潛, 遊戲室最裡面是自費區---大型布幕遊戲,有槍戰、籃球、足球、橄欖球、高爾夫...等等 自費2美金可以玩一整天,我們試玩30分鐘就覺得足夠了。 閒晃一輪後到了非洲餐廳,服務人員問我們有沒有訂位? 我露出疑惑的表情,並說明是Epicure的服務生叫我們過來的, 總之,這邊的服務態度非常好,馬上就幫我們生位置, 其實一直沒有遇到太多遊客耶,是因為新飯店還是淡季還是空間大? 我覺得這樣也蠻好的,不喜歡人擠人。 非洲餐廳燈光異常昏暗,只有火把和燭光,旁邊就是大海,蠻有氣氛滴 馬爾地夫比台灣慢3小時,用餐時是當地晚上7:30,但其實已經是台灣的10:30了, 這時兩人都想睡覺+肚餓,用餐的時差真的挺不習慣,建議晚餐不要吃å¤
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Client : Wataniya Telecom Maldives ( Crush SMS )
Concept : A.F. Studio
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Cast: czhambreds

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          Singapore brethren hoist the flag in Maldives        
Captured by the Singapore Brethren
Captured dive vessel
Adventures on the high seas as FirstMate Leigh and his lovely Bosun Louise secretly capture the MV Orion off the Maldives. So secretly did they capture it that neither the crew or the owners ever found out it was captured and are still under the impression that they own it. Little do they know that it is now part of an ever expanding Sea Rovers fleet. HaHarr!

And what about you other slackers. Yes you who left carrying the Sea Rovers flag, where be your conquest photos to display. Come on, have at it me hearties! Lets see those flags flying across the seven seas. Send us you pictures to display with pride.

The Captain
          The Cheapest Maldives Resorts        

With a portion of the best jumping and snorkeling on the planet, the unmistakable waters of the Maldives can pull anybody with an enthusiasm and love for marine life. The wealth and assortment is surprising; astonishing coral dividers, glorious surrenders and schools of splendidly hued tropical fish anticipate you when you get down to the […]

The post The Cheapest Maldives Resorts appeared first on Traveler Corner.


          Indonesia - A Model For Post-Election Sri Lanka?        
| by Ruwantissa Abeyratne

( January 20, 2015, Montreal, Sri Lanka Guardian) At the end of 2014, The Economist identified three countries which conducted themselves as models of progress during the recent past: Uruguay which made gay marriages legal; Tunisia which conducted fair and just elections which led to its first step toward democracy; and Indonesia, which broke away from the shackles of military rule, and family favouritism and elected a common but decent and ethical man to the presidency through democratic elections. As it is, Sri Lanka should follow as the first progressive country which followed suit in 2015 with elections comparable with that of the Indonesian elections by breaking away from a norm which the voters decided was for the betterment of the country.

When I met an ambassador of Sri Lanka to a country in the Western World just a few years ago and asked how Sri Lanka was doing, his only response was, “the only problem is rampant corruption”.
As things are, the Indonesian example seems to be a desirable model for Sri Lanka. The Globe and Mail of 16 January 2014 says of the Indonesia of President Joko Widodo (popularly known as "Jokowi", a hard working businessman identified with the common man): "Indonesia is experiencing a burst of unprecedented economic and political optimism. The world’s fourth most populous country, with some 250 million people, is emerging as a powerhouse of Southeast Asia, at the dawn of an awakening that many compare to pre-boom China three decades ago. After decades of dictatorship and corruption, the country is quickly shifting course with the election of a political outsider that many think will usher in a new era of sustainable economic growth... corruption has been a problem for years, bleeding away state revenues that could have been used to build infrastructure and pay for services. Indonesia’s Corruption Eradication Commission has been making headway, and Jokowi even had his cabinet vetted; financial institutions were approached for financial records and several potential cabinet ministers were excluded. He’s appointed technocrats to key economic portfolios".

The journal Foreign Affairs, in its November/December 2014 issue published an interview with Jokowi. One of the questions asked was: " You’re the first Indonesian president with no ties to the Suharto regime. You represent a new generation. What does that say about Indonesia and about the kind of president you’ll be? Jokowi's answer was: "The fact that someone like me could become president shows that our democracy is maturing. We have a lively and independent media. We used social media in our campaign and had more than 3,000 groups of volunteers. This is a new political system. We are taking a human-centric approach to win the trust of the people.

It is heartening that this is what the new Sri Lankan regime is claiming to do.

The key words here are "human-centric approach to win the trust of the people".

The first step in this process is incontrovertibly the establishment of a free and independent media, where the people of the country will have access to transparency and the assurance of an incorruptible system of governance. In other words, unfettered freedom of speech. Jeff Jacob Lourie said: “It [freedom of speech] is bedevilled by the evil intent, ignorance, and stupidity of literally millions of people. But it is the greatest protection against tyranny that there is. Witness the fall of the dictatorships of Serbia, Argentina, Greece, and Chile. Even in free countries freedom of speech is not something that is automatic. Eternal vigilance is the price of liberty. That's not just a cliché. We must guard against the rich, the powerful, the crazies, the haters and the fanatics. We need to maintain everyone's right to free speech, but we cannot let lies and libel go unanswered. On the whole we have done a pretty good job here in the U.S.A. and not only in the obvious ways. I do not think it accidental that our contributions to the technology of freedom are so significant: telephones, television, railroads, automobiles, computers and the internet have all increased our ability to communicate freely”.

The next evil to be attacked should be corruption. The Venerable Walpola Piyananda, in his article Sri Lanka...Independent but not Yet Free published in the Sri Lanka Guardian of 1 February 2012 says inter alia, “As a nation and a people we have not yet won our freedom from egotistical self-centeredness, collective irresponsibility, pettiness, arrogance, and an unbridled lack of discipline… not a day passes without the exposure of another corrupt government official. Bribery, extortion, obstacles to progress removed or kept in place by greasing palms – all have become common in our society. Right livelihood is ignored as greed trumps integrity. Can these self-centered practices exist in a truly free society where selfless government officials work for the benefit of all the people?”

Those in power cannot just wash their hands off from this scourge, by saying they have no control over actions of their fellow countrymen. One must note that the state's inability to implement tight monitoring systems is not the only cause of corruption. For the most part corruption reigns in the absence of an integrated system of internal supervision in the public sector. Corruption has both corrosive and toxic effects on a society. The Rport on Human Development in South Asia 1999 concluded:

“Corruption is one of the most damaging consequences of poor governance. It undermines investment and economic growth, decreases the resources available for human development goals, deepens the extent of poverty, subverts the judicial system, and undermines the legitimacy of the state. In fact, when corruption becomes entrenched, it can devastate the entire economic, political, and social fabric of a country…corruption breeds corruption – and a failure to combat it effectively can lead to an era of entrenched corruption”.

Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, said in The Times of India: “To eradicate corruption we require individuals who are incorruptible and, undoubtedly, what produces such individuals is spirituality. There is a saying that violence begins in the mind. This is true also of corruption: corruption begins in the mind. If we can alter our thinking, we can safely say that we shall have eradicated corruption by at least 50%.

J.S.T. Quah, in a paper Curbing Corruption in Asia: A comparative study of six countries, published in 2003 stated that that in Asian countries three patterns of corruption control have been identified :


1. There are anti-corruption laws but no specific agency that implement those laws (Mongolia which has instituted the Law on Anti-Corruption and three provisions restricting bribery in the Criminal Code).

2. The combination of anti-corruption laws and several anti-corruption agencies (Philippines, China and India).

3. The impartial implementation of comprehensive anti-corruption laws by a specific anti-corruption agency (Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Thailand and South Korea).

According to a study conducted in 2008 by Transparency International (TI), the global civil society organisation leading the fight against corruption, Sri Lanka occupied the 92nd position among 180 countries in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) 2008. The study indicated that Sri Lanka’s score remained at a low 3.2, indicating a serious corruption problem in the public sector. Neighbouring countries except Bhutan, all scored below 3.5. Lack of transparency in political finance and poor parliamentary oversight were quoted as a key governance problem in Sri Lanka. Only India (3.4) and Sri Lanka are above a score of 3 with Maldives (2.8), Nepal (2.7), Pakistan (2.5) and Bangladesh (2.1) remaining with low scores. Analysts attributed India’s position to the implementation of the Right to Information Act.

Victor Ivan, a journalist did not mince his words when he said a few years ago: “The foundation of the political system of Sri Lanka is based on bribery or corruption. Power politics of Sri Lanka may be defined as the right to plunder public property. There is a competition among political parties to win that right for a limited period. The group that wins plunders public property to the maximum during its term of office. It distributes among its supporters some part of the wealth thus plundered. The system of institutions including the judiciary, also functions according to that inherent ideology. Such a system of institutions is required because of the necessity to pretend that the state is un-corrupt although the official ideology is corrupt. The system of institutions including the judiciary, which are built to counter bribery or corruption, also gives the necessary protection to the corrupt practices of the ruling party in power. At the same time, implementation of the law against the corrupt practices of the opponents of the ruling party helps to give the government an anti-corruption appearance”.

I can add my personal anecdote. When I met an ambassador of Sri Lanka to a country in the Western World just a few years ago and asked how Sri Lanka was doing, his only response was, “the only problem is rampant corruption”.

Perhaps it appropriate to conclude with the words of Jokowi to Foreign Affairs when he was asked how he was planning to implement his governance strategy for a better, uncorrupted Indonesia. He said: " I will work with everyone and talk to everyone".

Of course, those in power in Sri Lanka will have to watch the proven deceitful, disingenuous and self serving turncoats and spin doctors.

The author is a former United Nations official.



          R&AW led to Rajapaksa’s Defeat !        
Sri Lanka's growing proximity to China led to R&AW playing a pivotal role in helping the opposition oust President Mahinda Rajapaksa and putting up Sirisena as the joint opposition candidate.

( January 19, 2015, New Delhi, Sri Lanka Guardian) Reports from Sri Lanka suggest that the Colombo chief of R&AW had a role to play in the defeat of Mahinda Rajapaksa in the Sri Lanka 2015 presidential elections but New Delhi has denied the charge. India’s Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW) Colombo station chief K. Ilango was transferred in the run-up to the presidential elections. It has been reported that Sri Lanka had him expelled, accusing him of helping the opposition oust the then President Mahinda Rajapaksa who ruled over the island nation for a decade.

Reports stated that the R&AW officer was expelled for helping gather support for joint opposition candidate Maithripala Sirisen. The Indian foreign ministry spokesman has denied the charges and stated there was no expulsion and that transfers were routine decisions. R&AW’s Colombo chief was recalled in December last year after India’s National Security Advisor Ajit Doval’s Colombo visit.

Last year Chinese warships docked in the Colombo International Container Terminals (CICT), where China has invested $500 million. Sri Lanka had not intimated India about the granting of permission by Sri Lanka to China. Rajapaksa snuggled up to China to keep India at bay. The growing intimacy between China and the erstwhile Sri Lanka regime was discomforting for India and detrimental for its security situation, which it saw as betrayal of trust.

Apart from that Sri Lanka let off Pakistan’s consular officer in Colombo Amir Zubair Siddiqui who had formed a module to strike South India. His name had cropped up in the investigation after the arrest of one Sakir Hussain in Chennai. However, despite India’s requests, Rajapaksa let Siddiqui off.

Last time India meddled in Sri Lanka’s internal affairs in 1987 it ended up burning it s fingers.

Sri Lanka under newly elected President Maithripala Sirisena is apparently good news for India as a shift in the island nation’s foreign policy is evident. The new president, has said he will visit New Delhi on his first foreign trip next month and has said India is the “first, main concern” of his foreign policy.

History

The Research and Analysis Wing (R&AW), created in 1968, has assumed a significant status in the formulation of India's domestic and foreign policies, particularly the later. Working directly under the Prime Minister, it has over the years become and effective instrument of India's national power. In consonance with Kautilya's precepts, R&AW's espionage doctrine is based on the principle of waging a continuous series of battles of intrigues and secret wars.

RAW, ever since its creation, has always been a vital, though unobtrusive, actor in Indian policy-making apparatus. But it is the massive international dimensions of R&AW operations that merit a closer examination. To the credit of this organization, it has in very short span of time mastered the art of spy warfare. Credit must go to Indira Gandhi who in the late 1970s gave it a changed and much more dynamic role. To suit her much publicized Indira Doctrine, (actually India Doctrine) Mrs. Gandhi specifically asked R&AW to create a powerful organ within the organization which could undertake covert operations in neighboring countries. It is this capability that makes R&AW a more fearsome agency than its superior KGB, CIA, MI-6, BND and the Mossad.

Its internal role is confined only in monitoring events having bearing on the external threat. R&AW's boss works directly under the Prime Minister. An Additional Secretary to the Government of India, under the Director R&AW, is responsible for the Office of Special Operations (OSO), intelligence collected from different countries, internal security (under the Director General of Security), the electronic/technical section and general administration. The Additional Secretary as well as the Director General of Security is also under the Director of RAW. DG Security has two important sections: the Aviation Research Center (ARC) and the Special Services Bureau (SSB). The joint Director has specified desks with different regional divisions/areas (countries):

Area one. Pakistan: Area two, China and South East Asia: Area three, the Middle East and Africa: and Area four, other countries. Aviation Research Center (ARC) is responsible for interception, monitoring and jamming of target country's communication systems. It has the most sophisticated electronic equipment and also a substantial number of aircraft equipped with state-of- the art eavesdropping devices. ARC was strengthened in mid-1987 by the addition of three new aircraft, the Gulf Stream-3. These aircraft can reportedly fly at an altitude of 52,000 ft and has an operating range of 5000 kms. ARC also controls a number of radar stations located close to India's borders. Its aircraft also carry out oblique reconnaissance, along the border with Bangladesh, China, Nepal and Pakistan.

RAW having been given a virtual carte blanche to conduct destabilization operations in neighboring countries inimical to India to seriously undertook restructuring of its organization accordingly. R&AW was given a list of seven countries (Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Pakistan and Maldives) whom India considered its principal regional protagonists. It very soon systematically and brilliantly crafted covert operations in all these countries to coerce, destabilize and subvert them in consonance with the foreign policy objectives of the Indian Government.

R&AW" operations against the regional countries were conducted with great professional skill and expertise. Central to the operations was the establishment of a huge network inside the target countries. It used and targeted political dissent, ethnic divisions, economic backwardness and criminal elements within these states to foment subversion, terrorism and sabotage. Having thus created the conducive environments, R&AW stage-managed future events in these countries in such a way that military intervention appears a natural concomitant of the events. In most cases, R&AW's hand remained hidden, but more often that not target countries soon began unearthing those "hidden hand". A brief expose of R&AW's operations in neighboring countries would reveal the full expanse of its regional ambitions to suit India Doctrine ( Open Secrets. India's Intelligence Unveiled by M K Dhar. Manas Publications, New Delhi, 2005).

Bangladesh

Indian intelligence agencies were involved in erstwhile East Pakistan, now Bangladesh since early 1960s. Its operatives were in touch with Sheikh Mujib for quite some time. Sheikh Mujib went to Agartala in 1965. The famous Agartala case was unearthed in 1967. In fact, the main purpose of raising RAW in 1968 was to organise covert operations in Bangladesh. As early as in 1968, RAW was given a green signal to begin mobilising all its resources for the impending surgical intervention in erstwhile East Pakistan. When in July 1971 General Manekshaw told Prime Minister Indira Gandhi that the army would not be ready till December to intervene in Bangladesh, she quickly turned to RAW for help. RAW was ready. Its officers used Bengali refugees to set up Mukti Bahini. Using this outfit as a cover, Indian military sneaked deep into Bangladesh. The story of Mukti Bahini and RAW's role in its creation and training is now well-known. R&AW never concealed its Bangladesh operations.

Interested readers may have details in Asoka Raina's Inside R&AW: the story of India's secret service published by Vikas Publishing House of New Delhi.The creation of Bangladesh was masterminded by R&AW in complicity with KGB under the covert clauses of Indo-Soviet Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation (adopted as 25-year Indo-Bangladesh Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation in 1972).

R&AW retained a keen interest in Bangladesh even after its independence. Mr. Subramaniam Swamy, Janata Dal MP, a close associate of Morarji Desai said that Rameswar Nath Kao, former Chief of RAW, and Shankaran Nair upset about Sheikh Mujib's assassination chalked a plot to kill General Ziaur Rahman. However, when Morarji Desai came into power in 1977 he was indignant at RAW's role in Bangladesh and ordered operations in Bangladesh to be called off; but by then RAW had already gone too far. General Zia continued to be in power for quite some time but he was assassinated after Indira Gandhi returned to power, though she denied her involvement in his assassination( Weekly Sunday,Calcutta,18 September, 1988).

RAW was involved in training of Chakma tribals and Shanti Bahini who carry out subversive activities in Bangladesh. It has also unleashed a well-organized plan of psychological warfare, creation of polarisation among the armed forces, propaganda by false allegations of use of Bangladesh territory by ISI, creation of dissension's among the political parties and religious sects, control of media, denial of river waters, and propping up a host of disputes in order to keep Bangladesh under a constant political and socio-economic pressure ( " R&AW and Bangladesh" by Mohammad Zainal Abedin, November 1995, RAW In Bangladesh: Portrait of an Aggressive Intelligence, written and published by Abu Rushd, Dhaka).

Sikkim and Bhutan

Sikkim was the easiest and most docile prey for R&AW. Indira Gandhi annexed the Kingdom of Sikkim in mid-1970s, to be an integral part of India. The deposed King Chogyal Tenzig Wangehuck was closely followed by RAW's agents until his death in 1992.

Bhutan, like Nepal and Sikkim, is a land-locked country, totally dependent on India. RAW has developed links with members of the royal family as well as top bureaucrats to implements its policies. It has cultivated its agents amongst Nepalese settlers and is in a position to create difficulties for the Government of Bhutan. In fact, the King of Bhutan has been reduced to the position of merely acquiescing into New Delhi's decisions and go by its dictates in the international arena.

Sri Lanka

Post- independence Sri Lanka, inspire of having a multi-sectoral population was a peaceful country till 1971 and was following independent foreign policy. During 1971 Indo-Pakistan war despite of heavy pressure from India, Sri Lanka allowed Pakistan's civil and military aircraft and ships to stage through its air and sea ports with unhindered re-fueling facilities. It also had permitted Israel to establish a nominal presence of its intelligence training set up. It permitted the installation of high powered transmitter by Voice of America (VOA) on its territory, which was resented by India.

It was because of these 'irritants' in the Indo-Sri Lanka relations that Mrs Indira Gandhi planned to bring Sri Lanka into the fold of the so-called Indira Doctrine (India Doctrine) Kao was told by Gandhi to repeat their Bangladesh success. R&AW went looking for militants it could train to destabilize the regime. Camps were set up in Tamil Nadu and old RAW guerrillas trainers were dug out of retirement. R&AW began arming the Tamil Tigers and training them at centers such as Gunda and Gorakhpur. As a sequel to this ploy, Sri Lanka was forced into Indian power-web when Indo-Sri Lanka Accord of 1987 was singed and Indian Peace-Keeping-Force (IPKF) landed in Sri Lanka.

The Ministry of External Affairs was also upset at &AW's role in Sri Lanka as they felt that R&AW was still continuing negotiations with the Tamil Tiger leader Parabhakran in contravention to the Indian government's foreign policy. According to R Swaminathan, (former Special Secretary of R&AW) it was this outfit which was used as the intermediary between Rajib Gandhi and Tamil leader Parabhakaran. The former Indian High Commissioner in Sri Lanka, J.N. Dixit even accused R&AW of having given Rs. five corore to the LTTE. At a later stage, R&AW built up the EPRLF and ENDLF to fight against the LTTE which turned the situation in Sri Lanka highly volatile and uncertain later on.

Maldives

Under a well-orchestrated RAW plan, on November 30 1988 a 300 to 400-strong well trained force of mercenaries, armed with automatic weapons, initially said to be of unknown origin, infiltrated in boats and stormed the capital of Maldives. They resorted to indiscriminate shooting and took high-level government officials as hostages. At the Presidential Palace, the small contingent of loyal national guards offered stiff resistance, which enabled President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom to shift to a safe place from where he issued urgent appeals for help from India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Britain and the United States.

The Indian Prime Ministe Rajiv Gandhi reacted promptly and about 1600 combat troops belonging to 50 Independent Para-Brigade in conjunction with Indian Naval units landed at Male under the code-name Operation Cactus. A number of IAF transport aircraft, escorted by fighters, were used for landing personnel, heavy equipment and supplies. Within hours of landing, the Indian troops flushed out the attackers form the streets and hideouts. Some of them surrendered to Indian troops, and many were captured by Indian Naval units while trying to escape along with their hostages in a Maldivian ship, Progress Light. Most of the 30 hostages including Ahmed Majtaba, Maldives Minister of Transport, were released. The Indian Government announced the success of the Operation Cactus and complimented the armed forces for a good job done.

The Indian Defense Minister while addressing IAF personnel at Bangalore claimed that the country's prestige has gone high because of the peace-keeping role played by the Indian forces in Maldives. The International Community in general and the South Asian states in particular, however, viewed with suspicious the over-all concept and motives of the operation. The western media described it as a display of newly-acquired military muscle by India and its growing role as a regional police. Although the apparent identification of the two Maldivian nationals could be a sufficient reason, at its face value, to link it with the previous such attempts by the mercenaries, yet other converging factors, indicative of involvement of external hand, could hardly be ignored. Sailing of the mercenaries from Manar and Kankasanturai in Sri Lanka, which were in complete control of IPKF, and the timing and speed of the Indian intervention proved their involvement beyond any doubt.

Nepal

Ever since the partition of the sub-continent India has been openly meddling in Nepal's internal affairs by contriving internal strife and conflicts through R&AW to destabilize the successive legitimate governments and prop up puppet regimes which would be more amenable Indian machinations. Armed insurrections were sponsored and abetted by R&AW and later requests for military assistance to control these were managed through pro-India leaders. India has been aiding and inciting the Nepalese dissidents to collaborate with the Nepali Congress. For this they were supplied arms whenever the King or the Nepalese Government appeared to be drifting away from the Indian dictates and impinging on Indian hegemonic designs in the region. In fact, under the garb of the so-called democratization measures, the Maoists were actively encouraged to collect arms to resort to open rebellion against the legitimate Nepalese governments. The contrived rebellions provided India an opportunity to intervene militarily in Nepal, ostensibly to control the insurrections which were masterminded by the R&AW itself. It was an active replay of the Indian performance in Sri Lanka and Maldives a few years earlier. R&AW is particularly aiding the people of the Indian-origin and has been providing them with arms and ammunition. R&AW has also infiltrated the ethnic Nepali refugees who have been extradited by Bhutan and have taken refuge in the eastern Nepal. R&AW can exploit its links with these refugees in either that are against the Indian interest. Besides the Nepalese economy is totally controlled by the Indian money lenders, financiers and business mafia ( R&AW's Machination In South Asia by Shastra Dutta Pant, Kathmandu, 2003).

Afghanistan

Since December 1979, throughout Afghan War, KGB, KHAD (WAD) (former Afghan intelligence outfit) and R&AW stepped up their efforts to concentrate on influencing and covert exploitation of the tribes on both sides of the Pakistan-Afghanistan border. There was intimate co-ordination between the three intelligence agencies not only in Afghanistan but in destabilization of Pakistan through subversion and sabotage plan related to Afghan refugees and mujahideen, the tribal belt and inside Pakistan. They jointly organized spotting and recruitment of hostile tribesmen and their training in guerrilla warfare, infiltration, subversion, sabotage and establishment of saboteur force/terrorist organizations in the pro-Afghan tribes of Pakistan in order to carry out bomb explosions in Afghan refugee camps in NWFP and Baluchistan to threaten and pressurize them to return to Afghanistan. They also carried out bomb blasts in populated areas deep inside Pakistan to create panic and hatred in the minds of locals against Afghan refugee mujahideen for pressurizing Pakistan to change its policies on Afghanistan.

Pakistan

Pakistan's size, strength and potential have always overawed the Indians. It, therefore, always considers her main opponent in her expansionist doctrine. India's animosity towards Pakistan is psychologically and ideologically deep-rooted and unassailable. India's war with Pakistan in 1965 over Kashmir and in 1971 which resulted in the dismemberment of Pakistan and creation of Bangladesh are just two examples.

Raw considers Sindh as Pakistan's soft under-belly. It has, therefore, made it the prime target for sabotage and subversion. R&AW has enrolled and extensive network of agents and anti-government elements, and is convinced that with a little push restless Sindh will revolt. Taking fullest advantage of the agitation in Sindh in 1983 and the ethnic riots, which have continued till today, RAW has deeply penetrated and cultivated dissidents and secessionists, thereby creating hard-liners unlikely to allow peace to return to Sindh. Raw is also involved similarly in Balochistan.

R&AW is also being blamed for confusing the ground situation is Kashmir so as to keep the world attention away from the gross human rights violations by India in India occupied Kashmir. ISI being almost 20 years older than R&AW and having acquired much higher standard of efficiency in its functioning , has become the prime target of R&AW's designs, ISI is considered to be a stumbling block in RAW's operations, and has, therefore, been made a target of all kinds of massive misinformation and propaganda campaign. The tirade against ISI continues unabated. The idea is to keep ISI on the defensive by fictionalising and alleging its hand is supporting Kashmiri Mujahideen and Sikhs in Punjab. R&AW's fixation against ISI has taken the shape of ISI-phobia, as in India everyone traces down the origin of all happenings and shortcomings to the ISI . Be it an abduction at Banglaore or a student's kidnapping at Cochin, be it a bank robbery at Calcutta or a financial scandal in Bombay, be it a bomb blast at Bombay or Bangladesh, they find an ISI hand in it ( RAW :GLOBAL AND REGIONAL AMBITIONS" Edited by Rashid Ahmad Khan and Muhammad Saleem, Published by Islamabad Policy Research Institute, Asia Printers, slamabad, 2005).

R&AW over the years has admirably fulfilled its tasks of destabilising target states through unbridled export of terrorism. The India Doctrine spelt out a difficult and onerous role for R&AW. It goes to its credit that it has accomplished its assigned objectives due to the endemic weakness in the state apparatus of those nations and failure of their leaders.

-Agencies, Isha Khan 


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          more news        
Just when we thought we were getting safer we have had several recent events that are tense. S/V Imagine who is with Lapalapa about 70 miles behind us right at the safety corridor saw a motor vessel...don't know how big...aggressively approached and flares were sent. Then a mysterious vessel with a red light shadowed their sailboat and then turned dark....but radar showed them still there. They put out distress calls for the corridor ships but no response. When they called the USN in Dubai on satelite phone, they got a small ship and helicopter in about 1/2 hour and all they could find at night was something that looked like a fishing vessel but it could have been a disguise, too.

Then we read an email this morning about ING and the severity of their condition. They were overtaken right in the same route we had taken only a few days before and near where one of us 3 boats, Joseba, had a mysterious encounter with a 100' vessel that he out maneuvered. We leave the corridor tonight for a fast run to Aden. Civil unrest seems calm compared to this anxiety on the sea. We hear things are under control there now, somewhat.

This is all almost unbelievable! It will affect the cruising community for years. I might add that we don't know of anyone else out here in our age range....mostly younger cruisers....for whatever that's worth! Maybe we are young at heart or maybe we need more sense!!!

We pray for ING who was anchored near us in the Maldives but we don't know them. Just being out here together during all this makes us, the sailing community, feel like family. Being able to talk to the other 2 boats we are with, Joseba and Chulupa has meant a lot.

Hoping for some good news soon. The Red Sea opening is just north of Aden and then we use the southerly winds to sail north like crazy!!!

I must say that the love and Prayers we have received with each email we read has affected us to the point of tears. We appreciate all the outpouring of concern for us.

Lynn and Chuck on CYAN, Wed, March 2.

On March 23 we will celebrate our 38th wedding anniversary...hope we are safe.
NOTE...right now as I send this, a Ship is reporting 2 strange small boats circling him at a point not to far from us. Something has to be done about these maniacs!!!

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          Is there safety?        
We are having nice steady winds from dead east for almost 24 hours going 4-5kts, wing on wing, and are now about 230 miles to go to Aden. The boats we are with, Chulupa [USA]and Joseba [France/Spain] are good company and we travel at same speeds together. We are followed by Imagine and Lapalapa [both USA boats]about 100 miles behind us.

That is our good news...we know of 2 other "aggressive incidents" but we will look for more info before commenting further. We 3 boats are pretty secure now with helicopter flyovers and NATO warships staying in contact. Last night we learned about s/v Pegasus leaving Aden without checking out due to gunfire and some people were killed by student uprising against the present admin...we think. We heard this AM from Jean Pierre on Sanang getting stocked in Al Mukulla, Yemen, that he saw similar unrest there and was locked in a market for a while. We also hear that our other alternative stop, Djbouti, is also know recently known for robbery attacks and other crime. It is also another 100 miles out of our way. We have also been warned about 3 locations in Eritrea [in the Red Sea], that are usually ok stops in precious years, are now off limits due to holding crew and not allowing consular contact for various time periods. This is making it a tough decision about where we can provision and get fuel before going into the Red Sea. We are still getting info on Aden, but are now thinking that stopping there as a group will probably be ok or worth the risk. We are sure getting TOO used to risk!!! You have to be accompanied by an agent for everything and everyplace you go but the prices are cheap even if the ATM machines themselves take an extra tip out of the each deal!!

As of today, we have come just over 3400 miles since we left Thailand 6 weeks ago on Jan 15th. I have been off the boat for only 5 hours shopping in Andamans and briefly in Maldives. I guess another good thing is that we never know how we are going to cope with such stressful situations until we are put to the test and maybe, just maybe, I am more stable than I used to give myself credit for. Chuck always says he will tell me when it's time to panic but I haven't had a chance to go into panic mode yet!!!

Keep us in mind...this adventure isn't over!!! We are doing pretty well sleeping, sailing, eating and drinking!!! Attitudes are reasonably optimistic but we will celebrate when this whole fiasco is over.

from the most inept "fisherpersons" in the Indian Ocean, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea...where ever we are...we just can't catch a fish!!! We know they are there...we have had tackle lost and nibbled. Wonder what they sell in Yemeni supermarkets?

Lynn, and Chuck, too on CYAN

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          Article to share        
This was written as an article for the Seven Seas Cruising Association Commodore's Bulletin but it will be posted here and can be shared with any publication interested in our experience.

Indian Ocean, February, 2011, Decisions and Emotions
S/V CYAN, Island Packet 380, 4.7' draft

I begin writing these comments at sunset, just as CYAN enters the patrolled corridor, in the Gulf of Aden, February 25, 2011.

In January, while finishing repairs in Phuket. Thailand, the original decision to cross the Indian Ocean and Red Sea wasn't difficult. Over 200 yachts had safely crossed the year before and the pirates weren't attacking yachts anymore, apparently. We felt OK about leaving and planned a cruising stop in the Andamans. That turned out to be a waste of time, money and patience with bureaucracy. They closed the rights to anchor in the most interesting locations and the average anchorages costs $10 a night, $60 a day for the marine park [and you have to be gone by night time] and we had to call and check in twice a day. Forget that. We'd been to much better places in the Pacific from where we have wonderful memories.

Then, in February when we arrived in the Maldives, Uligan or Uligamu, actually, we found 22 cruising boats that were in somewhat of an uproar with differing opinions on future cruising. Apparently, the pirates had become more aggressive in January while we were en route, and there were more events happening in the middle of the Indian Ocean than along the coast. It seems the small pirate boats were working from a mothership that supplied guns and drugs and encouragement to bring in bounty and captives. Some cruisers had changed plans and were returning east, some arranged shipping for their vessels and many in the TTT convoy headed to Pakistan to follow the coast. While we were there, it came down to 4 vessels who wanted to go ahead with the rhumb line, heading straight for the Gulf of Aden. Then 3 more followed a few days later. Just 2 days before we arrived in the Maldives 6 boats had departed the straight route so there were a number of cruising boats out there. We understand that this first group from Uligan stayed in visual contact with each other and we did not hear them on the Flying Fish net in the AM.

There is a story in my family passed down over the years about a great, great...however many times... grandmother who was widowed in the early 1800's and received a land grant in Tennessee. She packed a wagon with her belongings, a mother-in-law and 5 children and traveled from east Georgia through the mountains to settle in her new land. This story and others were the topics Chuck and I shared while making the decision to voyage through the Indian Ocean. We talked of how Chuck felt the first time he landed his A7 jet on an aircraft carrier at night when he flew as a Navy pilot in the 70's. I mentioned the stress, during labor, of being told my first/only child might be severely malformed from the x-rays taken. We talked about the most stressful things we have encountered...and the list wasn't long. In 38 years of marriage we have been blessed and had only routine challenges in life. There runs a strong naval tradition in both of our families that affects us with determination and a love of the sea. Both our dads [USN retired] and 3 uncles fought in the Navy in the Pacific. My dad was at the flag hoisting at Iwo Jima. Other close relatives fought in Korea and Vietnam and, of course, Chuck spent 7 years and 2 cruises flying off an aircraft carrier in the Med. We have always felt at home on the sea and planned and saved for our cruising life for 38 years. We felt a right to be able to travel the seas freely. We prayed about our decision and for God to help us consider, responsibly, all the alternatives. It came down to both of us agreeing to follow our plan right for the Red Sea and hope for the best.

I want to say that there was no right or wrong way to go for those of us making these important decisions. Each crew had to decide within their level of comfort and pocketbook according to their values. Many opinions were shared and it came down to each captaining their own vessel. As of today, we just heard that 14 boats are now being shipped to the Med from several places. I told Chuck that every time I had an anxiety attack on this voyage [as I am prone to do] about the present threat, to just say "$30,000" and it would change my attitude. We all have our own motivations.

The sailing has been much more enjoyable that we anticipated with steady winds 10-15 knots and flat seas. We only motored 40 hours in 14 days so far. We were handling the voyage carefully. The 4 boats that left together are checking in faithfully on the SSB morning and night with a few others calling in their locations, too. We give our location as a range and bearing to a predetermined waypoint. Then there was that dreadful morning net when we heard that our wonderful friends, Scott and Jean Adam and 2 of their friends on board s/v Quest, were taken captive in an area we all thought was relatively safe. Our anxiety level hit new highs but we kept on our route NW. At this time any other decision just didn't make sense to us.

We were in an area about 500 miles off the horn of Africa [about halfway from the Maldives] before we began to see any shipping vessels since we had set out 8 days earlier. On the SSB, we could only get connected to Winlink for email and weather about every other day and hadn't heard anything from the media or even received many emails since folks were writing on Sailmail and we couldn't connect there. Then one midnight we got the CNN report from our son about the tragic outcome on Quest when all four crew were brutally murdered during negotiations. All kinds of feelings and thoughts went through our minds and we held each other a lot and cursed the savages and their criminal organizers with "typical sailors expletives". I never thought I would hear Chuck say,"Now, I'm scared!". Whew, now was the time for praying for strength, guidance and stamina.

Word was out that USA vessels were being targeted in retaliation for one pirate justly convicted in the USA. How irrational is this thinking? Some recommended we remove our flag. For us, there was no question about it. We were not going to remove our flag. It just wasn't in our values. We sailed with no lights or the emitting of an AIS signal, but we could still receive. We kept a US registered EPIRB ready to launch and told our son [our primary contact] that if an alarm was activated, it was due to an attack and send help immediately. We emailed our son, Geoff, that if we were captured we wanted the forces to take all aggressive measures even if it put us at risk. We still have an Australian EPIRB on board. We checked the radar often and also removed our reflector. Today we restored it. We did every reasonable thing we could think of to prepare. Actually, we do not consider ourselves in a safe zone yet. Finally, today, we are in a more patrolled zone with P3 airplanes overhead taking our ID info and hearing them talk to warships on the radio. They asked if we'd seen any suspicious activity and reminded us that channel 16 was being monitored.

On February 26th, as I finish this, we caught up with s/v Joseba of France and Chulupa of the USA and we plan to travel the corridor with them. They are 2 of the 3 other boats in our group. S/V Senang of The Netherlands has taken the coastal route to cruise with German speaking vessels. Eduardo, on Joseba, told us about an encounter they had just a few days ago when a 100 foot boat tried to get him to stop while he was sailing in an area about 100 miles off Suqutra Island and they were waving a USA flag by hand off the bow but did not contact him on radio. [we think they did not speak English.] He motored his boat erratically, winding all around, as well as he could and they finally gave up. We consider any vessel that does not use radio contact for permission, a threat in this situation, and would do the same. If we see guns, we set and pitch the EPIRB!

We are still coping with our grief and anger over the loss of our friends. This will take time. There were tears and cries of anger and frustration. We have only read part of a few relayed articles to know about what is being reported concerning this situation and how it is expressed in the media. We both know that this was one of the most stressful and emotional events we have ever dealt with. At this time, we hope that there are more enlightened minds making decisions that will put a stop to this needless cruelty and acts of crime on the high seas against the rest of the world.

Today, our goal is to refuel in Aden, 400 miles away and continue on as quickly as possible. We understand that the TTT rally has not reached Pakistan yet. We hope the coastal route will be safe for them. We sometimes wish we had weapons on board but they can be even more dangerous when outnumbered by pirates. We do wish we had bought a satellite phone.

We hope with all our hearts, that all the vessels arrive safely, both cruising boats and merchant ships. We hope some of the nice anchorages in the Red Sea allow us to recuperate and enjoy cruising our beloved sea again.

Presently, en route, just north of the safety corridor in Gulf of Aden....

Lynn Evans, Commodore, SSCA
along with Chuck Evans, Commodore, SSCA

Beaufort SC is CYAN's hailing port but our home base is Jacksonville, Florida.

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          almost safe        
We are almost out of the high risk zone...should be another 36 hours when we are in patrolled shipping zone that runs west towards the Red Sea Entrance and we are headed for Aden to refuel.

At 11 pm last night...only time we can only send and get email and weather...We read the news report that Geoff sent us about the vessel QUEST and our dear friends Scott and Jean and their crew being brutally murdered. It was a tough night on us, to say the least. I broke down from grief and tension and Chuck has never longed for a jet and bombs so much since 9/11. Our tax dollars paid for him to respond that way with his old flight training but it's understandable. He is also distraught but his anger came first! We look at these fine fellow cruisers as martyrs to the cause of our right to sail the free oceans in relative safety. They will not be forgotten by any of us cruisers and for those of us who were friends, we really know what a loss their deaths are. Our hearts go out to their friends and family at home.

We loved talking religion and movies with them...what fun we had going out several times in Phuket and planning to see them again in the Med. There aren't too many Christian Cruisers...it's a secular bunch...but they were fine examples and we had similar views. Scott was one of the directors of the movie "Deliverance" and James Dickey, the author, was a client of Chucks, about the asme time years ago. Our hearts are heavy with thoughts of the violence and terror that our friends endured. We hope this initiates the most aggressive retaliation possible. We have to do something, sometime...this just can't keep up.

We were sailing north about 3-400 miles off Somalia as this whole Navy thing was taking place just about 100 miles closer to shore than we were. They were towing QUEST west and kept a close look out for anything strong on the radar. We now sail in the moonless night with our lights off but checking AIS and radar often. Today we don't know if we are safer with the "blessed" USN ships off the coast or if some maniacs will come along and blast us dead out of spite and revenge. These aggressive, drug charged people [loosely called that] are uncivilized, caveman-like, irrational maniacs. We have both prayed a lot and kept going on our route north/northwest to the shipping channel in the Gulf of Aden. And we will not remove our flag!!! So many of our relatives have fought for it and it's a big emotional issue for us. Had we known this before we left the Maldives, we still would have come...we damn well have the right to be here! Perhaps more stupid than brave! If we were deterred by hight risk situations, we wouldn't be here! But this may be adrenalin talking!

The sailing and seas here in the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea have been wonderful ...mostly going 5-7 knots in better than expected winds, and this voyage could have been great if it weren't for this burden of sorrow and taste for revenge.

We just had to share our thoughts and conditions with you all. We know that you are wondering about us.

Love...and we hope to write soon from a safer location to say that the worst will be past.
Lynn and Chuck on CYAN

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          Getting closer to a safe zone        
We are almost out of the high risk zone...should be another 36 hours when we are in patrolled shipping zone that runs west towards the Red Sea Entrance and we are headed for Aden to refuel.

At 11 pm last night...only time we can only send and get email and weather...We read the news report that Geoff sent us about the vessel QUEST and our dear friends Scott and Jean and their crew being brutally murdered. It was a tough night on us, to say the least. I broke down from grief and tension and Chuck has never longed for a jet and bombs so much since 9/11. Our tax dollars paid for him to respond that way with his old flight training but it's understandable. He is also distraught but his anger came first! We look at these fine fellow cruisers as martyrs to the cause of our right to sail the free oceans in relative safety. They will not be forgotten by any of us cruisers and for those of us who were friends, we really know what a loss their deaths are. Our hearts go out to their friends and family at home.

We loved talking religion and movies with them...what fun we had going out several times in Phuket and planning to see them again in the Med. There aren't too many Christian Cruisers...it's a secular bunch...but they were fine examples and we had similar views. Scott was one of the directors of the movie "Deliverance" and James Dickey, the author, was a client of Chucks, about the asme time years ago. Our hearts are heavy with thoughts of the violence and terror that our friends endured. We hope this initiates the most aggressive retaliation possible. We have to do something, sometime...this just can't keep up.

We were sailing north about 3-400 miles off Somalia as this whole Navy thing was taking place just about 100 miles closer to shore than we were. They were towing QUEST west and kept a close look out for anything strong on the radar. We now sail in the moonless night with our lights off but checking AIS and radar often. Today we don't know if we are safer with the "blessed" USN ships off the coast or if some maniacs will come along and blast us dead out of spite and revenge. These aggressive, drug charged people [loosely called that] are uncivilized, caveman-like, irrational maniacs. We have both prayed a lot and kept going on our route north/northwest to the shipping channel in the Gulf of Aden. And we will not remove our flag!!! So many of our relatives have fought for it and it's a big emotional issue for us. Had we known this before we left the Maldives, we still would have come...we damn well have the right to be here! Perhaps more stupid than brave! If we were deterred by hight risk situations, we wouldn't be here! But this may be adrenalin talking!

The sailing and seas here in the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea have been wonderful ...mostly going 5-7 knots in better than expected winds, and this voyage could have been great if it weren't for this burden of sorrow and taste for revenge.

We just had to share our thoughts and conditions with you all. We know that you are wondering about us.

Love...and we hope to write soon from a safer location to say that the worst will be past.
Lynn and Chuck on CYAN

          First Leg of Passage        
We wish we had delightful news to share but not this time. The voyage from the Andaman Islands south of Sri Lanka was most uncomfortable but not to the point of dangerous. Most of it was spent in a weather low pressure system that moved west with us making for weird choppy seas and westerly winds to beat into. Beating is sailing close into the wind and we got lots of smashes slapping into the bow and we took on more salt water all over the boat than any other trip....makes for a mess to clean up now we have arrived in the Maldives...actually Ulagamu in the north of the chain.

One really nice thing cheered us. A huge ship passed us and sent us a message on our AIS device [this tracks ships for us and sends a signal about us to them]. They said,"Ahoy brave sailors, Bon Voyage!". We didn't even know we could get messages over the AIS screen and our unit isn't fancy enough to send one. We had 2 ships that were happy to change their course and go behind us when we asked them. Amazing to see this 1/5 mile long vessel alter course just for us.

Here in Ulagamu it's quite remarkable...a school of squid have circled the boat all morning and we see manta rays and porpoises every time we go outside. 19 boats here are in somewhat of an uproar changing plans to avoid the expanded pirate areas. Many...maybe half are going back east or going 1000 miles north to Pakistan or paying $30,000 plus to have their boat shipped from here by a contracted ship. There are still those of us who will go ahead with our plans and take the direct route to the Red Sea stopping in Aden if we need fuel which we probably will. This leg that we depart on Monday Feb 14th will take 2 1/2 to 3 weeks.

Now is time we need prayers. This is the biggest risk we have taken but we have a pod of 4-6 boat that will remain in radio contact but we will not be in sight but rather on our own for the most part.

We would love to hear from folks but our sailmail email isn't coming through so if folks write us there we will write when we can get it.

We are very busy fixing small, inconvenient breakdowns around the boat and lots of mildew!!! Please keep us in mind...

Lynn and Chuck on CYAN

          west to Maldives        
We left the Andamans on Thursday Jan 27 at just before sundown...they want you out of their hair in 2 hours after checking out from immigration. So we got to sail thru a 1 mile passage in the blacka** night with no moon or sight of a horizon...just the radar image to get around the south of the main islands. Even Chuck who is a pillar of patience couldn't wait to get out after "big brother" was watching us the whole time with radio calls and even helicopters. I mean we aren't carrying weapons!!!

Some anchorages there were supposed to be just great but now they are off limits for cruisers and they are also charging about $10 a night to anchor any where in the islands. Even the regular anchorages are often in passages between islands with current and deeper than we like at 60-70' depth. As far as we are concerned the whole Indian bunch can just shove it!!! We heard of a taxi driver reporting a cruiser for changing out a routine pump and the govmt charged him duty for bringing it in because he allegedly brought in the pump to sell!!! Go figure! No other government acts this way....taxi driver spies??? Come on!!!

3 days behind us now with lumpy seas but usually good enough wind to do 5-6 knots. We have had enough scattered storms to clean off the salt and top off the water tanks....and make everything sticky and knocks us around freshening up our bruise assortment!

This sunday am just after I got up from my last sleep about 1pm, Chuck says we are dragging something and he has to go into the drink and cut it off in 25 knot winds. We hove the boat to with the staysail...[sorta stopping it by keeping it almost into the wind]. He was so brave to tie himself on and dive down with a knife and cut off a 10' long bunch of nets...looked like a bunch of onion and fruit bags in a old fish net. It was hooked on a tiny ...less than 1/4" screw... that holds on a zinc and had been slowing us down by a knot of speed.

Cooking has been a challenge but I am getting my sea legs back and learning to wait for the right roll to cook and it takes twice as long. No fish yet but we still keep trying as long as there aren't storms. These storms are pretty mild...just annoying.

more later

Cyan Crew
Lynn

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          Traveling oh Traveling..        

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Travel 
"Travel is movement of people between relatively distant geographical locations for any purpose and any duration, with or without any means of transport. Travel also includes relatively short stays[1] between successive movements. Movements between locations requiring only a few minutes are not considered as travel"




Well, i love traveling soooo muchh...mungkin kalo berdasarkan list tempat yg udh gw dtgin n berdasarkan arti sesuai wikipedia, gw blm bs disebut "A TRUE TRAVELER"..soalnya klo menurut gw, smpe itu org disebut kaya gt harus udh keliling ke berbagai negara dunia n punya budget khusus bwt traveling itu sendiri. Dari kecil emank gw sering diajak jalan-jalan sama keluarga gw, secara bokap gw emank tukang jalan-jalan..tapi pas kecil dulu pas diajak jalan-jalan, gw cuma duduk di mobil, tdr, pas smpe tempatnya liat-liat bentar smbil makan abis itu pulang..Simple isn't it?? Padahal tempat-tempat yg gw kunjungin termasuk ciamik berat lho..kaya Bali, Lombok, Bandung, Yogya, Palembang, Jambi..Dan gw baru menyadari klo jalan-jalan bukan sekedar jalan jauh, tidur trus liat-liat doank sejak 3 tahun terakhir ini..Telat bgt kan yaa...umur gw ud segini, baru menyadari serunya traveling pas umur gw 21..bodohnya diriku..!!! Nah awal jalan-jalan gw pertama pas taun 2008 yaitu ke Ujung Genteng, Sukabumi itu pas bgt sama moment bday'nya cow gw (info lengkapnya pasti gw bakal posting nanti). Sejak itu gw jd demen bgt traveling, yupp..gw lbh suka nyebutnya traveling dibanding jalan-jalan atau liburan coz klo jalan-jalan atw liburan menurut gw cuma sekedar seneng-seneng aja, ga ada makna didlmnya (itu menurut gw lhooo..), sedangkan traveling bs nambah byk bgt wawasan n pengetahuan gw. Sejak itu pula gw jd sering googling ttg komunitas backpacker n traveling, baca buku n majalah traveling plus tiap hari gw selalu liat gambar-gambar atau foto-foto di Flickr atw Google ttg eksotisme Indonesia, entah itu pantainya (well, i am a beach junkie) atau pesona lainnya. Besides that, gw selalu punya planning bulanan (ayoo..mau kmn lg kita?? Kaya Dora The Explorer doon..) n bljr nabung..Sayang aja semua itu selalu kebentrok di waktu, wajar lha sebagai pekerja kantoran yg liburnya cma weekend, gw ga bs sembarangan traveling kmn-kmn. Itu yg menyedihkan..I hope i can be "A FULL TRAVELLER" soon..Ditambah lg dengan muaknya gw tinggal di JAKARTA (yg katanya ibukota tercinta) dengan segala kemacetan, polusi, kesibukan tinggi, i think i'm gonna move from here n live in Bali or Australia (i wish dear God..amiiieeennn..hehe)..
Banyak hal-hal positif yang gw ambil dari traveling selama ini yaitu :
  1. Traveling bukan sekedar jalan-jalan biasa, bukan sekedar lo dtg ke tempat itu trus foto-foto, cekikian, bikin status di social network (byar tetep eksis) trus pulang dey...Bukan sama sekali!!!! Traveling bisa bikin nambah wawasan n pengetahuan dr cuma sekedar baca berpuluh-puluh buku, yg tadinya buta sama sekali bs jd melek dikit-dikit. Disitu kita bs tau ttg budayanya, gaya hidupnya, tempat-tempat tersembunyinya, makanan khasnya, karakter orang-orangnya, etc. Banyak bgt hal baru yg bisa kita dpt dr traveling..sumpah dey, ga bohong (di sumpah pocong jg mau..lhoo)
  2. Traveling bisa bikin kita bangga sama negara sendiri a.k.a Indonesia. Indonesia itu luas bgt jek, dikelilingin 1 tahun jg ga bakal cukup, makanya gw pengen bgt keliling Indonesia dulu sebelum keliling ke negara lain (lho..ke Ibiza n Maldivesnya kpn doon??), udh gt di Indonesia banyak bgt tempat-tempat wisata yang banyak org Indonesia sendiri ga tau tp turis luar malah tau bgt bahkan udh stay disana berbulan-bulan, amazing right?? Contohnya aja Raja Ampat, Pulau Panaitan, Pulau Moyo, Pulau Cubadak, Gili Trawangan, Komodo, dll..Blahh..org Indonesia sendiri aja boro-boro prnh kesitu tau dmn tuh tempat itu berada jg gw yakin bakal gini jawabnya "di mana itu?? negara baru ya? ujung antartika ya?? pulau bekas darwin ya atw pulau pembuangan mayat??"
  3. Traveling bikin hidup kita ga bosen n punya banyak cerita..selama ini gw tinggal di Jkt yang tiap hari klo weekend paling ke mall, ngopi, nonton, tiap minggu kaya gt tuh gw dulu (smpe skrg jg masih tp dikurangin bgt). Lama-lama gw ngerasa bosen aja gt dgn rutinitas ala anak ibukota yg kaya gt, utk urusan duit pun udh pasti sekali jalan pasti ngeluarin minimal Rp 300.000 bwt bensin, tol, makan, nonton, ngopi, clubbing..helloooooo..ditambah ngeluarin duit segitu ya tempatnya disitu-situ aja..Don't u feel so bored, guys?? Maksud gw duit segitu kan bs dipake utk jelajahin tempat-tempat baru walapun yg deket-deket dulu kaya ke Cimaja, Curug Seribu, Sukabumi, dll..Gw yakin semakin banyak kita kunjungin tempat-tempat baru, semakin banyak pula kita punya cerita n pengalaman..and next our life gonna be colourful ;))



Oiiiaaa, klo traveling biasanya ada hal-hal menarik niy contohnya :
  • Ga ush ngajakin pasukan segambreng coz menurut gw traveling itu kan refreshing sambil meditasi jg, klo ngajakin banyak org biasanya BM a.k.a bau mulut wuuppss..Banyak Maunya..udh gt harus saling nunggu-nungguin lg..maleesss gillaaa..bukannya ga setia kawan atw egois, tp kan bisa abis di waktu. Oiiaa, yg wajib diajak ciy yg demen atw gila traveling jg, coz klo ga, bisa-bisa tiap menit dgrin keluhan mulu..malesin bukaann??
  • Harus megang duit n kuat fisik..biasanya gw ada budget khusus utk traveling coz byasanya gw punya planning-planning tersembunyi yg ada di otak gw utk segera direalisasikan (klo ga, bs pingsan gw..lebaaayyy), tapi harus kuat fisik jg, secara klo ada duit tp pas perjalanannya muntah-muntah atw ngeluh sakit mulu bisa-bisa gatot travelingnya
  • Selalu ngobrol dgn org setempat dan wajib nyobain makanan khasnya..wajib bgt itu menurut gw..Dengan kita ngobrol, kita pasti bakal banyak dpt hal baru n info-info mutakhir yang kadang di buku atw Mr.Google ga ada..seriously ;p
  • Gw paling sebel bgt klo misalnya ada org traveling  msh sibuk berkutat dgn gadgetnya kaya hp, laptop, kamera..Gpp ciy utk bahan dokumentasi tp yaa masa udh pergi jauh tp masih asyik sibuk dgn dirinya sendiri ciy
  • Diusahain ciy ga ush terpaku sama itinerary, misalnya jam segini harus ksni, jam segini kesana, jam segitu kesono..well, that's so boring guys..just go with d'flow and enjoy it..apapun itu, mau kita sakitnya jatoh pas lg banana boat kek, ktmu hantu di penginapan kek, nyobain makanan yg mahal tp ga enak kek, pas smpe tempatnya ternyata ujan terus kek..It really okay..Those are the part of experiences..u'll never know if u never try..
Setidaknya gw jd lebih n lebih pengen lg traveling n eksplore ttg Indonesia..gw ga mau kalah sama bule-bule utk naklukin eksotisme Indonesia
Indonesia has many real paradise, isn't it??


Pulau Moyo...i wish i can go there soon ;p
Raja Ampat
















"Traveling is not about a destination..
It's about a journey.."
-Trinity The Naked Traveler-



Keep on traveling..;D



Love,





Miss FreedaLicious-
          Dex Reflections        
Reaching for Seashell,A suntanned person reaches for a seashell washed up from the Indian ocean stranded on the beach in the maldives photo

DEX REFLECTIONS  
by Kris Kelly 8/25/10
I sit in the warm grainy sand.
Back and forth I massage my tingly toes and feet in the warmth of the grains.
Messaging my mind with myeloma thoughts.
Always there when my world is quiet.
The hot sun warms my cold bones,
my chemo curls.
The hot sun melts into my parched skin
dried from drugs, and side effects.
I don’t recognize parts of this body anymore.
Portraits from my past are just faint ripples
of my reflection in the water now.
My youthful appearance changes as the effects
of dex puff and fluff shaking my nerves, my hands, my patience.
The dex waves this week seem stronger.
The foaming swirls swoosh up to my ankles.
lapping at my soul.
threatening to overcome my positive thoughts
my marching-forward-attitude, my sunshine.
I breathe deep, sleep more, try to protect my children from my pain.
I’m hiding my slacking energy behind the strong shoulders of my beloved.
I breathe, I wait, I pray, and then...
The draining dex waves slink back into the sea
and once again I can see the hidden gifts left behind
in the wet, cool, sand.
The shiny twisted shells of miracles.
Each one a unique blessing.
The life I have been given, the smooth, peaceful thoughts of family, love, God.
The tender mercies of my Saviour glistening  among the grains. 
and I arise stiffly, slowly and walk back to my world preparing for another round.



I was diagnosed with Multiple Myeloma October 2008.  Dexamethasone was the first medication I was prescribed.  I have been on this steroid continuously since then.   Two weeks ago I finished up my last round of Dex.  I go in for blood tests, a PET scan and a biopsy next week and then meet with my Oncologist at Huntsman a few days later.   Assuming that my "numbers" are all good, I will be done with maintenance treatment!   

I was feeling pretty poetic and somewhat dramatic as I wrote this poem a year ago.  I just wanted to get down on paper what I felt on my "dex days."  


          Post-Graduation Panic: 4 Ways to Cope (List)        
If you’re anything like me - slightly deranged and illogical at times - you might have thought that you wouldn’t make it to your graduation. You believed the concept of ending university and having an actual well-paid adult job was a fate you would never see. You would meet your death first. How could you possibly graduate? How would you ever find a job? When would life ever start to be some (grown-up) version of 'stable'? These are the questions I still ask myself now. I have finished my exams. I have my results. But, I have no job. And it's that last bit that worries me:

I HAVE NO JOB.

It is quite easy to be flippant with the trajectory of your life when you’re younger. As students for over 15 years, we’ve never really had to make a decision that means as much as the answer to the dreaded question: “So what do you want to do with your life now?” Argh! If, like many others, you’ve found yourself standing in the blinding rays of the not-so-comforting light at the end of the education tunnel, without a job or any kind of career path apart from a desperate desire to forget about it all, buy yourself more time to think and head off to a beach in Hawaii. If this is you, or near enough – perhaps you’re thinking the Maldives instead - then I might be able to calm you down. Knowing that many other graduates like you don’t have jobs doesn’t make you miraculously bag one for yourself, but it does assure you that you’re not doing it all wrong. Don’t let the post-graduation panic get a hold. Follow these steps to help you find peace of mind in your job-searching and perhaps a career whilst you’re at it. 1. Pause Now at first this little piece of advice doesn’t seem to make sense. I can’t afford to waste time here. I don’t know if you heard me, but I don’t have a job? Now, hold on just a minute. A scrambled brain isn’t going to get you anywhere. What you need to enter the job-seeking process is a calmed and open mind. Take some time to fully commit to this task. Just like yoga practice, take all distractions from your mind. For a moment, just try not to focus on what you need to do. Remind yourself of how far you have come and what you have achieved. This can really help you to have a good sense of yourself and more confidence when you are applying. You must have faith in your abilities before you can start telling anyone else why they should have faith in you. TOP TIP!
Write a list of all your qualifications and skills (like a CV, but more of a 'brilliance mind map'). From there you will be able to see everything that you have done and where your skills lie. This will also help to de-clutter your mind and will be the first step of organisation that will lead the way forward in successful job hunting. 2. Hold On to Your Dreams One thing I found particularly stressful after graduating was how to hold onto my dreams without sounding like a fool. Whilst you’re in school, you can dream about being anything. Astronauts would definitely be up there on the list of over-populated jobs if Year 5s were sent out into the world of work. As you go through education, you find yourself refining your skill set, and having more specific dreams. And it’s these dreams that you want to hold on to, no matter how daunting it may seem to actually make them a reality. Passion is such a key part of the job specification and if there are things that you are passionate about then try to do your all to make that happen. But, how?! This is where you can start unpacking your dream. Why does it appeal to you so much? What are the factors that you’re looking for in your dream job? Are there things that you are willing to compromise on? Write these down and it may spark other ways of getting to your ultimate goal. It’s also worth remembering that your dream may not be totally career-based. If travelling is your dream, write down why and where you want to go. You can then start deciding how you can fit this into your next few years' or months’ plan. (More on this in the next section). 3. Assess Your Options Once you’ve unpacked your dreams, you may begin to understand your motivations. Your next step is to assess your options. How can you make your dream a reality? If it’s travelling, you will find that there are many ways of travelling that don’t involve spending your entire life savings and hiding in a phone box in Thailand ringing your parents for more money. Teaching English abroad is one of the ways. So is: doing a ski season, becoming a diving instructor, exchange programs, joining a scheme that pays a stipend for work abroad, fruit picking and farm work … Don’t just take my word for it. Search for yourself! If your current goal is more career-orientated, then you also have a load of other options. Try internships (paid or unpaid), voluntary or freelance work to gain experience or simply have a go at hitting the world with your graduated self. Making calculated risks is definitely something that can take you a long way. That’s not to say that you should make unwise decisions, but with your motivations and dreams in sight, you should be able to come up with a plan that allows you to achieve these – if not straightaway, then through progression. 4. Draw Up a Timeline An invaluable tip in nearly every walk of your life is: be organised. When things seem overwhelming, it can be hard to find any kind of inkling to chase after the things that you’ve worked so hard for. Draw yourself a timeline and set daily or weekly goals for yourself. An example of your goals could be: Aiming to complete 3 job applications a week Finding a freelance position that will aid your job Researching internships and deciding whether this is the path for you Your timeline could be something like this: “In August, I will start X and by September, I would like to have done Y.” These goals will not only help you but will also help your loved ones understand what your time scale is for yourself and how you’re planning to achieve it. Next Steps... Next, you must test how willing you are to jump. No, not a naked bungee dive into the sea in Magaluf, but a fully armed, confident stride into Australia’s Coral Sea and have a paddle round the Great Barrier of Relief! You’ve done it! You’re on track! And whilst you may not have your dream job yet, because you’re so much more in the know and assured of what you want, you finally have hope. And things can only go up from here!

About the Author: Laura Ash is a recent English and Spanish graduate from the University of Southampton. She has published for Barefoot Vegan magazine, The Costa Rica News and the Wessex Scene as well as on her blog; Plane Ride Stitches. She won the Year Abroad Blogging Scholarship in 2015-16 for her university and wrote about her experiences as a cricket coach in Argentina.

 


          10 Restoran Terunik Di Dunia        
1. CannibalisticRestaurant   (JAPAN)
Cannibalistic Restaurant (JAPAN)
"Nyotaimori" (artinya "female body plate") adalah salah satu nama restoran di Jepang yang menyajikan sushi dah sashimi di tubuh mayat wanita. Tentu saja bukan mayat betulan. Tubuh mayat ini terbuat dari makanan dan diletakkan di meja operasi seperti di rumah sakit. Pengunjung bisa memakan bagian tubuh mana saja. Tubuh yang dipotong akan mengeluarkan darah, persis seperti potongan tubuh manusia.
 
 
2.  Toilet  Restaurant (TAIWAN)
Toilet Restaurant (TAIWAN)
Marton Theme Restaurant, di Kaohsiung (Taiwan) menyediakan nuansa TOILET bagi pelanggannya. Dekorasi ruangan, kursi dan tempat makan yang digunakan persis seperti di toilet. Meja dibuat seperti bathtub, dan makanan yang disediakan diletakkan di piring dan mangkuk yang didesain seperti toilet duduk. Makanan yang disajikan di sini tidak hanya enak, tapi juga memberikan sensasi sendiri bagi pengunjungnya.
 
 
3. Restaurant in the Sky (BELGIUM)
Restaurant in the Sky (BELGIUM)
"Dinner in the Sky" adalah salah satu restoran di Brussels yang menyediakan tempat makan untuk 22 orang, tentu saja di ketinggian 150 kaki! Tempat makan didesain khusus untuk bisa diangkat menggunakan crane. Pengunjung bebas menentukan lokasi ketinggian yang diminati, asal jangan sampai menjatuhkan garpu dah pisau.
 
 
4. Dark Restaurant (CHINA)
Dark Restaurant (CHINA)
Restoran kegelapan terletak di Beijing China. Semua desain restoran benar-benar berwarna hitam. Pengunjung yang datang akan di antar oleh pelayan yang sudah dilengkapi dengan teropong malam ke meja makan. Senter,handphone, arloji dilarang di area ini. Karena tidak bisa melihat makanan yg disantap, pengunjung benar-benar merasakan makanan yang tidak pernah dimakan sebelumnya di restoran ini.
 
 
5. Kuburan Restaurant  (INDIA)
Restaurant Kuburan (INDIA)
Restoran yang terletak di Ahmadabad India ini terkenal dengan menu teh susu, roti gulung dan kuburan di antara meja. Pemilik restoran mengaku telah membuka restoran ini turun temurun selama 4 dekade, tapi tidak tahu siapa jenazah yang terkubur di bawah kuburan ini
 
 
6. Restaurant di Penjara (ITALY)
Restaurant di Penjara (ITALY)
Restoran ini terletak di tempat paling paling aman, yaitu penjara Fortezza Medicea di Italy. Dekorasi restoran ini adalah penjara tempat pembunuhan yang dilengkapi dengan tembok setinggi 60 kaki, menara pengawas, security kamera yang telah beroperasi selama 500 tahun. Selain itu, tempat ini dilengkapi juga dengan penjaga penjara dengan senjata lengkap .
 
 
7. Robot Restaurant (CHINA)
Restaurant Robot (CHINA)
Kenapa dinamakan robot? Karena restoran ini buka sepanjang hari selama 21 jam tanpa mengenal lelah. Pengelola restoran juga sekilas terlihat sama, namun ini adalah pasangan suami istri kembar identik! Orang-orang sekitar menyebutnya "robot couple restaurant" karena mereka melihat orang yg sama bekerja seperti robot dalam menjalankan restoran dari jam 5 pagi sampai jam 3 dini hari. Makanya dinamakan robot 
 
 
8. Restaurant bawah laut (MALDIVES)
Restaurant bawah laut (MALDIVES)
Restoran bawah laut pertama diperkenalkan di Hilton Maldives Resort & Spa, April 2007. Restoran bernama Ithaa (baca "eet-ha", artinya "pearl" dalam bahasa Maldives, Dhivehi) berada 5 meter di bawah Samudra Hindia yang dikelilingi oleh coral dan panorama bawah laut. Ini adalah restoran pertama untuk kategori bawah laut.
 
 
9. Condom Restaurant (THAILAND)
Restaurant Condom (THAILAND)
"Cabbages and Condoms" adalah nama restaurant di Thailand. Ada banyak kondom di dinding-dinding dan lukisan kondom di karpet. Setelah makan, pengunjung akan diberi kondom di meja kasir . Keuntungan dari restaurant ini digunakan untuk mendukung yayasan Population and Community Development Association(PDA).
 
 
10. Medical Restaurant (TAIPEI)
Medical Restaurant (TAIPEI)
D.S. Music Restaurant di Taipei, Taiwan adalah restoran dengan nuansa medis. Dekorasi ruangan seperti rumah sakit, pelayannya berpakaian seperti perawat, dan botol minumnya juga dikemas dalam botol infus.
 
 

          5 Restoran Paling Aneh dan Unik di Dunia        
Rasa makanan biasanya menjadi alasan utama untuk menjajal restoran baru. Tapi pada lima restoran berikut ini, suasana makan di dalamnya bisa menjadi pengalaman yang tidak terlupakan.

Dilansir dari laman CNN, berikut lima restoran paling aneh di dunia versi TripAdvisor:

1. The Rock (Zanzibar, Tanzania)


Persis seperti namanya, restoran The Rock bertengger di atas batu di pantai Michanvi Ringwe, pantai tenggara Zanzibar. Dengan hanya menyediakan 12 meja dan kursi, restoran ini tergolong kecil.

Namun, jika Anda cukup beruntung mendapatkan satu kursi, Anda akan menikmati pemandangan yang tak terlupakan dari laut dan pantai.

Restoran yang awalnya adalah tempat singgah bagi nelayan ini mengkhususkan diri pada makanan laut. Salad gurita menjadi makanan pembuka yang luar biasa, sebelum Anda mencoba menu spesial The Rock: lobster, cigal, udang jumbo, fillet ikan dan cumi di atas panggangan.

Restoran ini dapat diakses dengan berjalan kaki saat air surut dan melalui transfer perahu selama pasang.

2. The Treehouse Restaurant di Alnwick Garden (Alnwick, Inggris)


Memiliki rumah pohon ketika Anda masih kecil? Bersiaplah nostalgia dengan makan di The Treehouse Restaurant. Restoran ini benar-benar di bangun di atas pohon.

The Treehouse Restaurant dibuka untuk makan siang, tapi pada malam hari lampu-lampu dibiarkan menyala sehingga memberikan suasana magis tersendiri.

Menunya adalah makanan laut lokal dan daging dari peternakan sekitar Northumberland yang berubah mengikuti musim. Sekarang, babi panggang dan salmon rebus bakar adalah bintang besarnya.

3. Le Refuge des Fondues (Paris)


Eksteriornya mungkin terlihat seperti karnaval mewah, tapi menu makanan di Le Refuge des Fondues tergolong sederhana.

Seperti di sebagian besar restoran fondue, order didasarkan pada pilihan biner: anggur merah atau putih, keju atau daging fondue. Tapi di sini Anda juga disuguhkan hal-hal aneh.

Perlu diketahui, di Paris anggur yang disajikan dalam gelas anggur akan dikenakan pajak. Nah, untuk menyiasatinya, Le Refuge des Fondues melayani anggur dengan menggunakan botol bayi antitumpah. Tentu menjadi tontonan yang unik ketika melihat orang mengisap anggur dari dot plastik bayi.

4. Ristorante Grotta Palazzese (Polignano a Mare, Italia)


Ristorante Grotta Palazzese menempatkan meja terbaik di tebing yang menghadap ke laut. Yang lebih unik lagi, restoran ini berada di dalam gua musim panas di sisi tebing kapur yang menghadap ke Laut Adriatik.

Berada di ketinggian 74 kaki di atas air, pengunjung dapat menikmati ravioli kerang dan risotto dengan lobster, sambil merasakan terpaan angin laut dan suara ombak yang pecah menghantam karang tepi gua. Sayangnya, restoran ini hanya buka di bulan Mei sampai Oktober.

5. Ithaa Undersea Restaurant (Rangali Island, Maladewa)


Dibangun di resor Conrad Maldives Rangali Island, Ithaa mengklaim menjadi restoran bawah laut dengan semua bangunan kaca yang pertama di dunia.

Berada lima meter di bawah permukaan air, restoran ini menawarkan panorama 180 derajat dari karang dan kehidupan laut. Anda dapat melihat hiu dan pari berenang saat menikmati kaviar dan lobster carpaccio.


          Island paradise of Maldives in vietnam        

There is an island paradise of Maldives in Vietnam which is Mong Tay located 14 km away from the North of Phu Quoc Island
          12 Must-Know Facts about Asia        
Asia is the world's largest continent in world covering 60 percent of Earth's total land area.

1.Asia is the most populous continent in the world with world's populous countries,China and India.It is the land of diversity.


2.Asia can be divided into 6 subcontinents :



  1. Central Asia – Kazakhstan Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.
  2. East Asia – China, Japan, Mongolia, Taiwan, North and South Korea.
  3. North Asia – Russia.
  4. India Subcontinent – India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka.
  5. Southeast Asia – Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar [Burma], Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.
  6. Southwest Asia – The Middle East including Turkey, Iran, Cyprus, Israel, and Lebanon.

3.Top Ten Tallest Mountains in Asia :

Mount Everest is the highest point on Earth and it is located in Asia.

Mount Everest with group of people
Mount Everest



  1. Everest -Nepal,Tibet
  2. K2 - Pakistan,China
  3. Kangchenjunga - Nepal,Sikkim, India
  4. Lhotse - Nepal,Tibet, China
  5. Makalu - Nepal,Tibet, China
  6. Cho Oyu - Nepal,Tibet, China
  7. Dhaulagiri - Nepal
  8. Manaslu- Nepal
  9. Nanga Parbat-Pakistan
  10. Annapurna- Nepal
4.Top Ten longest rivers in Asia :

  1. Yangtze 
  2. Yellow River 
  3. Lena River 
  4. Mekong River 
  5. Irtysh River 
  6. Yenisei River 
  7. Ob River 
  8. Nizhnyaya Tunguska River 
  9. Indus River
  10. Brahmaputra River
5.Asia is located to the east of the Suez Canal, the Ural river, and the Ural Mountains, and south of the Caucasus Mountains (or the Kuma-Manych Depression) and the Caspian and Black Seas.It is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the south by the Indian Ocean and on the north by the Arctic Ocean.

6.Asia’s most dominant financial centers are Tokyo, Hong Kong and Singapore.

7.Asia is only continent joined by two other continents,Africa and Europe.


9.China is the world's biggest nation and it is located in Asia.

10.Asia is the only continent where tigers are found in the wild.

11.Caspian Sea is the Largest Salt Lake in Asia.

12.The Dead Sea or The Salt Sea is the lowest place on earth is situated in Asia.


          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
Tokelau Asia is the world's largest and most populous continent in the world with 50 Countries.Here is the list of 50 countries in  Asia and their capitals. 
Asia





S.no
Countries
Capitals
1.
Afghanistan
Kabul
2.
Armenia
Yerevan
3.
Azerbaijan
Baku
4.
Bahrain
Manama
5.
Bangladesh
Dhaka
6.
Bhutan
Thimphu
7.
Brunei
Bandar Seri Begawan
8.
Cambodia
Phnom Penh
9.
Cyprus
Nicosia
10.
East Timor
Dili
11.
Egypt
Cairo
12.
Georgia
Tbilisi
13.
India
New Delhi
14.
Indonesia
Jakarta
16.
Iran
Tehran
17.
Iraq
Baghdad
18.
Israel
Jerusalem
19.
Japan
Tokyo
20.
Jordan
Amman
21.

Kazakhstan
Astana
22.
Kuwait
Kuwait City
23.
Kyrgyzstan
Bishkek
24.
Laos
Vientiane
25.
Lebanon
Beirut
26.
Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur
27.
Maldives
Malé
28.
Mongolia
Ulaanbaatar
29.
Myanmar
Naypyidaw
30.
Nepal
Kathmandu
31.
North Korea
Pyongyang (P'yŏngyang)
32.
Oman
Muscat
33.
Pakistan
Islamabad
34.
The People's Republic of China
Beijing
35.
The Philippines
Manila
36.
Qatar
Doha
37.
The Republic of China
Taipei
38.
Russia
Moscow
39.
Saudi Arabia
Riyadh
40.
Singapore
Singapore
41.
South Korea
Seoul
42.
Syria
Damascus
43.
Tajikistan
Dushanbe
44.
Thailand
Bangkok
45.
Turkey
Ankara
46.
Turkmenistan
Ashgabat
47.
The United Arab Emirates
Abu Dhabi
48.
Uzbekistan
Tashkent
49.
Vietnam
Hanoi
50.
Yemen
Sanaá

          Maldives: Halt first execution in more than 60 years        
Source: Amnesty International (20 July 2017)

https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2017/07/maldives-halt-first-execution-in-more-than-60-years/

The Maldives must immediately halt its first execution planned in more than sixty years and preserve its positive death penalty record, Amnesty International said today.

The human rights organization has learned that three men, whose death sentences were made final by the Supreme Court in 2016, are now at risk of imminent execution as reports emerged that the authorities have been preparing to implement death sentences. The number and names of the prisoners involved have not been disclosed.

“The Maldives authorities must immediately halt plans to carry out any executions and establish an official moratorium on the implementation of the death penalty as a first step towards its full abolition. By sending these men to the gallows, the country will do irreparable damage to its reputation,” said David Griffiths, Amnesty International’s Senior Advisor on South Asia.

“The country was a leader in the region, with an enviable record of shunning this cruel and irreversible punishment at a time when many other countries persisted with it. Now, when most of the world has abolished the death penalty, it is heading in the wrong direction by reviving its use.”

Amnesty International has been raising serious concerns about the fairness of the proceedings that lead to the imposition of the death penalty in the country. In the case of one of the three men at more imminent risk, Hussain Humaam Ahmed, Amnesty International and other human rights organizations have raised serious concerns about the use as evidence of a pre-trial “confession” that he retracted as coerced and which led to his conviction and death sentence for murder in 2012.

Ahmed Murrath was convicted of and sentenced to death for murder in 2012, and Mohamed Nabeel was convicted of and sentenced to death for murder in 2009. The Supreme Court upheld both men’s death sentences in July 2016.

Amnesty International is absolutely opposed to the death penalty in all circumstances, regardless of the crime or the method of execution.

The three men have exhausted all domestic legal avenues. They have not been allowed to apply for pardon or the commutation of their death sentences.

Last year, the UN Human Rights Committee issued a binding order to stay the execution of one of the individuals, pending the consideration of an appeal filed on the prisoner’s behalf.

“When lives are at stake, it is all the more critical that safeguards of due process are strictly observed. It is also concerning that under international law, the Maldives must ensure that death row prisoners and their families are given reasonable advance notice. But in this case, they have even been denied the dignity that is their right,” said David Griffiths.

Background

In 2014, the Maldives government under President Abdulla Yameen announced that executions would resume after more than 60 years without the death penalty being implemented.

The authorities have since amended legislation, clearing the way for executions to take place, including removing the power from the executive to grant pardons or commutations in intentional murder cases, a breach of their rights under international human rights law.

There are 20 people currently on death row, including at least five who were convicted and sentenced to death for crimes committed when they were less than 18 years old. Under international human rights law, it is unlawful to execute juveniles for any crime whatsoever.

As of today, 141 countries have abolished the death penalty in law or practice; in the Asia-Pacific region, 20 countries have abolished the death penalty for all crimes and a further seven are abolitionist in practice.

          Taj Lanka to continue investing in city hotel despite "turmoil"        
Despite carrying accumulated losses of over Rs.1.3 billion in its books and posting a loss of Rs.30.3 million, down from a loss of Rs.63.6 million a year earlier, in fiscal 2007/08, Taj Lanka Hotels PLC will continue with its renovation program "in spite of present turmoil," the company's Chairman, Mr. Anil P. Goel has said in the company's just released annual report.

"The year under review has been extremely difficult for the hotel industry, a year in which your company operated under even tougher conditions," he said reiterating tht investment in their Colombo property will continue.

Goel made the point that the conflict in the North and the East and widespread media exposure of these events had contributed to the industry's "dismal performance" during the year under review.

"Further, inflation and cost of living have gone up significantly along with cost of imports due to the sharp devaluation of the rupee. These have contributed adversely to the cost of operations. Due to the uncertain future based on the current scenario, the deferred tax charge had impacted further on the net results of the company," he explained.

However, the company was committed to enhancing the image and position of the hotel in the market having renovated four floors and the swimming pool and opened a brand new coffee shop which was already popular.

The next phase of the renovation will focus on the remaining floors, restaurants, banqueting and fitness centre facilities, the chairman said.

He was hopeful that tourism will stabilize by the end of the second half of the current financial year which is the winter tourist season on the basis of information received from key source markets.

This, together with the proactive stand taken by the Tourism Ministry and the Sri Lanka Tourist Board to increase arrivals, is expected to show results by the end of this year, he hoped.

"As a positive initiative to target India, one of the fastest growing outbound markets, Taj group is partnering with the Sri Lankan government in new strategies to cater to various segmented tourism and in (projecting) Sri Lanka as a selected destination," he said.

Goel identified negative travel advisories by major tourist originating countries including UK, Germany, Australia, Italy and France as a deterrent to the progress of the tourism industry.

"These advisories together with the uncertain security situation were reflected in a decline in arrivals from all the major markets, except the UK, the Maldives, Middle, East and Russia," he said.

"As a result, earning from tourism declined to US dollars 385 million in 2007/08, an all time low figure, from US dollars 410 million in 2006/07. Nevertheless several initiatives were taken in 2007/08."

Taj Lanka has a stated capital of nearly Rs.1.4 billion and a revaluation reserve of Rs.1.2 billion in its books with borrowings running at Rs.444.9 million.

Net finance cost during the year under review had declined to Rs.29.9 million from Rs.54.1 million the previous year.

The Taj had been marginally profitable for four of the last six years except 2004/05 when a tidy profit of Rs.155.3 million was posted. The last two years had been loss making.

Taj Asia Limited with 58.14%, the Indian Hotels Company (24.62%) and Mrs. Jane Elizabeth de Silva (2.04%) are the major shareholders of the company.

The Taj Lanka share with net assets of Rs.8.53 per share, down from Rs.8.74 the previous year, traded at a high of Rs.11.50 and a low of Rs.7 during the year under review. This compared with a trading range of Rs.17 to Rs.10.50 the previous year.

The directors of the company are: Messrs. Anil P. Goel, U.L. Kadurugamuwa, B.K. Chaudhary (alternate Nirvana Chaudhary), Arun K. Chaudhary, Tilak de Zoysa, J. Daboo, Souvik Das (resigned 27.03.2008), R.H. Parekh (w.e.f. 27.03.2008), J.P. Kanoria, Vish Govindasamy, Dr. G. Sundaram and Ms. D.M. Harris.
          Comment on Soneva joins Linking Tourism & Conservation by Asad        
Those kind works brought forward to bring happiness our lives in Maldives :)
          India’s current fiscal growth to slow at 6.8%: World Bank        
New Delhi/Washington: The World Bank has estimated India's growth for the current fiscal at 6.8 percent, lower than the government projection, as the economy faces headwinds of high interest rates and "heightened" uncertainty of policy reforms.
     
Without naming India, the World Bank in its 'Global Economic Prospects' report has said that South Asia's economies were also confronted with "domestic policy paralysis and uncertainty about regulatory reforms."
     
The Indian government has been expecting 7-7.5 GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth in the fiscal ending March 2012, against 8.5 percent in the previous year.
     
The World Bank did not give an encouraging forecast even for the fiscal 2012-13. It expects the GDP expansion to remain flat at 6.8 percent in the next financial year. It would then bounce back to eight percent in FY 2013-14.
     
The economy expanded by 7.3 percent in the first half of this fiscal. In the second quarter (July-September), growth moderated to 6.9 percent, lowest in over two years, according to government data.
     
The World Bank report said "the weakening in activity reflects a significant moderation in domestic demand, led by a deceleration in investment activity that has faced headwinds of rising borrowing costs, high input prices, slowing global growth and heightened uncertainty.
     
"Delays and uncertainty surrounding the implementation of policy reforms have also hindered investment," it said.
     
Addressing a Ficci meeting, Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee also conceded that the government could not push through some key policy reforms due to divergence of political opinion in Parliament.
     
Important pending measures include Goods and Services Tax, Direct Tax Code and relaxation of FDI policy.

In the section dedicated to South Asia, the World Bank report added that India's economic growth is estimated to have slipped to 7 percent in 2011, from 10 percent in 2010. It is projected to fall further to 6 percent in 2012.
     
"On a calendar year basis, India's GDP growth slowed to an estimated 7 percent in 2011 from 10 percent in 2010," the report said.
     
It added that overall GDP growth in the South Asian region is likely to slip to 5.8 percent in 2012, from an estimated 6.6 percent in 2011, before bouncing back to 7.1 percent in 2013.
     
The South Asian region comprises India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, the Maldives and Bhutan.
     
According to the report, the slowdown in India and the rest of the region reflects continued deceleration in investment growth on account of a number of factors, "including domestic policy paralysis and uncertainty about regulatory reforms..."
     
It also cited deterioration in international investor sentiment, heightened uncertainty and weaker external demand from high-income Europe and developing countries for the projected slowdown.
     
"The projected deceleration in economic activity also reflects the anticipated deepening traction of the more restrictive monetary policy conditions introduced over the course of 2011 and continued progress (albeit gradual) toward programmed fiscal consolidation," the report said.
     
According to the World Bank, higher interest rates and increase in regulated prices are likely to result in a slowdown in consumer demand, while a more somber business outlook is expected to slow investment growth, contributing to significantly weaker imports during 2012.
     
"Demand for the region's exports is projected to slow in 2012 and lead to a near halving of export growth to 11.6 percent in 2012 from 21 percent in 2011, due to stagnant GDP in the European Union and the projected global slowdown..." it said.
     
Regarding the price situation in India and the rest of South Asia, the mutlilateral agency said inflationary pressure is expected to come down on account of a good harvest and projected decline in global fuel prices.
     
About India, it said a policy based on expenditure rationalisation could play a role in helping to protect critical social progammes, even as the government faces a tight monetary situation.

"Activity in South Asia, like Latin America, has been dominated by a slowdown in the region's largest economy -- India... The deceleration in regional economic growth in 2011 to a large extent stems from slowing growth in India, which accounts for about 80 percent of South Asia's GDP," the World Bank said.
     
The report further said that a deepening of the Euro area crisis would lead to weaker exports, worker remittances and capital inflows to South Asia.
     
Remittances, which form a major chunk of the GDP of some South Asian nations like Nepal and Bangladesh, are likely to fall in 2012, on account of slowdown in major economies, the World Bank said.

PTI

Section: 
News Source: 
Home Title: 

India’s current fiscal growth to slow at 6.8%: World Bank

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37280

          Ahead of BNP's 24-hours "Hartal", 100 arrested, 10 buses burnt        
Dhaka, 4 June : Former Bangladesh Home Secretary and BNP chairperson’s advisor Zahurul Huq and 49 Ward Commissioner Abul Khayer Bablu were among 150 people arrested from the capital and elsewhere of the country ahead of tomorrow’s dawn-to-dusk hartal.
At least 10 passenger buses were burnt in pre-hartal violence in different parts of the capital.
Opposition BNP and its allies Jamaat-e-Islami, BJP and Khelafat Majlis called the shutdown to protest the government move to scarp the provision of the non-party caretaker government. IOJ, JAGPA and others extended their support to the hartal.
BNP alleged that Zahurul Huq from Elephant Road and Bablu from Dhanmondi were arrested in the evening.
BNP office secretary Rizvi Ahmed claimed that Khulna City JCD general secretary Kamal Ahmed was arrested from Khulna city in the evening. He also claimed that at least 250 BNP activists were injured in police action on the hartal campaigners across the country.

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India to hosts this year's World Environment Day tomorrow
New Delhi, Kolkata, 4 June : India will host this year's World Environment Day tomorrow and the government has announced that the country will continue to play a very important role in defining the terms of environmental debate at the global level.
Each year a different country is chosen as the principal venue for the global celebration of World Environment Day which falls on 5 June and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has selected India as the global host of this year's programme.
The theme of this years celebration is "Forests: Nature at Your Service", which highlights the crucial environmental and economic roles played by the forests, particularly in India.
"The message is largely to the international community that India is willing and determined to play and is playing a very important role in defining the terms of environmental debate," Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh in his message to the world on the occasion.

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BNP to go non-stop movement to thwart annulment of CG
Dhaka, 4 June : Bangladesh opposition leader Khaleda Zia on Saturday said her party might be compelled to go for tough non-stop movement if the government does not refrain from annulling the system of caretaker government embodied in the Constitution.
She said authority of amending the Constitution lay with parliament, and not any court. Nor it is not mandatory for parliament to implement verdict of the court on amending the Constitution. Khaleda told a crowded press conference at her Gulshan office this evening that BNP would thwart the ill motive of government.

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GS Prakash Karat to review CPI(M) debacle in West Bengal
Kolkata, 4 June : CPI(M)'s West Bengal state committee met here today with party general secretary Prakash Karat as special invitee to finalise its review report on the end of the uninterrupted 34-year rule of the Left Front in the state.
Party sources said during the two-day session Karat is likely to discuss the factors responsible for the drubbing in the Assembly elections with the state leadership which took up district and block-level reports on the poll reverses.
The meeting is also expected to analyse the wrong estimate of the party's prospects in the election when the leadership forecast 199 seats for the Left Front to be able to form the eighth Front government in the state.
Former chief minister Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee was present at the meeting, which will also take up the issue of post-poll violence by TMC.

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FM hopes Singapore would import more B'deshi Products
Dhaka, 4 June : Bangladesh Foreign Minister Dr. Dipu Moni expressed hope that Singapore would import more Bangladeshi Products to reduce the trade gap between the two countries.
She told this during her meeting with new Singapore Foreign Minister K. Shanmugam at the sidelines of the Shangri-La Dialogue on Saturday, said a press release.

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WB BJP state president Rahul Sinha offers party to resign
PTI, Lucknow, 4 June : BJP's review of its performance in the recently-held Assembly elections to five states saw its West Bengal unit chief Rahul Sinha offering to resign owning "moral responsibility" for the party's defeat, but it was shot down by the top leadership.
During the discussions on BJP's dismal poll performance in all the five states - West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Assam and Puducherry, senior party leaders made efforts to know why their calculations went wrong.
Rahul Sinha, BJP state unit president of West Bengal, told party President Nitin Gadkari that he was owning responsibility for the party's poor showing in the state.

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CPI(M) leaders paraded, assaulted for alleged corruption
PTI, Burdwan, 4 June : Eight local CPI(M) leaders were today paraded by being pulled with the ropes tied around their waists before being beaten up by villagers at Saraighar in Burdwan district over alleged corruption.
The eight CPI(M) leaders - Achinta Mondal and Srikanta Ghosh, both local CPI(M) committee members, former secretary of the gram panchayat Jahar Ghosh, besides Ashwini Mondal, Sukumar Pramanik and Kartik Mondal, three gram panchayat members and Sunil Mullick, the secretary -- had called a meeting of the villagers in a field, local Trinamool Congress leader S K Jamal said.
The villagers had demanded an explanation on how Rs six lakh in development funds was spent about a fortnight ago and the CPI(M) leaders had said that an explanation would be given today, he said.

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Total and darkest "Lunar Eclipse" on the night of 15 June
PTI, Mumbai, 4 June : With the sun, earth and moon falling in a straight line on the night of 15 June, a celestial drama, showing the darkest lunar eclipse in the 21st century, will occur, an official spokesperson said here today.
The moon will pass through the shadow, cast by the earth, producing a beautiful spectacle in the sky. As the moon slips into the earth's umbra (dark shadow), it will slowly turn coppery red, Programme Coordinator (Scientific) at the Nehru Planetarium Suhas B Naik-Satam said.
This will be the darkest lunar eclipse visible over the skies of India in the 21st Century, after the last darkest lunar eclipse 40 years back on 6 August, 1971, he said.
The lunar eclipse will be visible throughout India and it will start at 23:53 pm(IST) and it will end at 03:32 am on 16 June, Satam said.

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WB Govt orders judicial probe into Mostafa Quasem's death
Kolkata, 4 June : The West Bengal government today ordered a judicial inquiry into the death of CPI(M) MLA Mostafa Bin Quasem at the MLA Hostel here in deference to the request of his son Masum.
"The Chief Secretary will decide the terms of reference of the one-member judicial commission," Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee told reporters here.
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Asian Development Bank assures fund for big solar system
UNB, Dhaka, 4 June : Asian Development Bank (ADB) has in principal agreed to provide financial support to Bangladesh for implementing a solar system project for generation of 500 MW power.
The assurance came from the top executives of the multilateral lending agency at its 3-day Asia Solar Energy Forum’s Conference in Bangkok that ended on 1 June. A delegation led by PM’s Energy Adviser Dr. Tawfiq-e-Elahi Chowdhury attended the conference.

“Responding to our call, ADB has in principal agreed to provide the financial support to a 500 MW capacity solar energy project. Now, other things will be worked out to implement the proposed project and the amount of fund will be determined on that basis,” Tapos Kumar Roy, Additional Secretary of the Power Division, who attended the conference told UNB.
The ADB arranged the conference as part of its policy to promote renewable energy, particularly the solar-based power system in the Asian countries. The lending agency has planned to introduce 3,000 MW solar-based power system in the region by 2013.
Delegations from most of the Asian countries including India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Maldives participated in the conference.
Bangladesh delegation included Power Secretary Abul Kalam Azad, Additional Secretary Tapos Kumar Roy, IDCOL chief executive office Islam Sharif and Rahimafrooz Renewable’s managing director Munawar Moin.
Officials attended the conference said Bangladesh proposed a plan for introducing 500 MW solar panel-based system that includes solar irrigation pump; solar roof top in urban areas; and mini grids solar plants in rural area.

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          Mamata Banerjee "invite" Ratan Tata to "invest" in West Bengal        
Kolkata, 29 May : West Bengal chief minister Mamata Banerjee today invited Tata Group chairman Ratan Tata to invest in the state and help rebuild it, three years after she led an agitation that forced the conglomerate to relocate its low-cost car plant to Gujarat.
The letter to Tata, handwritten by the chief minister, was in response to Tata's message congratulating her on her election as chief minister. In a separate development, NRI stakeholder in Haldia Petrochemicals (HPL), Purnendu Chatterjee , chairman of the Chatterjee Group (TCG), met state industry minister Partha Chatterjee to discuss the fate of HPL. Partha Chatterjee told reporters after the meeting: "Let's not have any pain in our heart. We have a new beginning now. There is an openness in the new government and there has been a meeting of hearts.

What is important is that we have joy in our hearts now." Partha Chatterjee was engaged in a bitter tussle with the erstwhile Left Front government for the past few years over ownership and management control of HPL, which is now saddled with a nearly Rs 300-crore loss in the last fiscal and is desperate to return to profit. The case between Partha Chatterjee and West Bengal government is in the Supreme Court.
On the possibility of an outof-court settlement, the TCG chief said: "The new government is not aware of the nuances of the problems involved in HPL. They have to be briefed properly. We have been waiting for 6 years to sort out the issue legally. Supreme Court hearing is over and within a few months the judgement will be out."
Asked about TCG's stake in HPL, Chatterjee said: "We think we own 60% in HPL, but the government litigation says differently." According to the present official shareholding matrix, TCG & its associates hold 37.68% in HPL, the state 51.67%, while IOC and Tatas have 8.19% and 2.46%, respectively. He said there were plans to expand capacities at HPL. "New equity funds will not be required for expansion. There are enough equity funds." န Cartoon : Satish Achary

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Bangladesh's Pop legend Azam Khan remains unchanged
Dhaka, 29 May : The condition of Bangladesh's Pop legend Azam Khan remains unchanged at Square Hospital in Dhaka.
Famous cancer specialist Dr Qamruzzuman Chowdhury, who supervises Azam Khan's treatment, told Bengal Newz on Sunday, that "he has a little bit consciousness, but still on the life support system. We put him on drugs to maintain blood pressure."
A seven-member medical board earlier on Saturday feared that Khan's condition would turn from 'bad to worse' in the coming days as they could not treat his cancer spread in different parts of the body. He was detected with oral cancer in 2010 and underwent advanced treatment in Singapore twice that year.

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Rabindranath Tagore second most known figure in China
Zafri Mudasser Nofil, New Delhi, 29 May : The Chinese may have the highest regard for Goutam Buddha but apart from him, the Indian name best known to them is Rabindranath Tagore.
"In the background of over two millennia of China and India having been interconnecting, interacting, and learning from each other, the Nobel Laureate was closest to our times, real and intimate to us," says Wang Bangwei of Peking University.
"From Sakyamuni (as Buddha is referred to in China) we have enjoyed more of a reverent godliness, and from Tagore we have enjoyed a tangible humanness that was noble and admirable," writes Wang in "Tagore and China", arguably the first full account in English of the poet''s visit to China and related issues.
Along with Wang, the book, published by Sage, is co-edited by Tan Chung, Amiya Dev and Wei Liming.
The book charts Tagore''s ''grand visit'' in 1924 undertaken in response to China's ''Tagore fever'' and the series of talks he gave there, their antecedents as well as impact. During the visit, the Chinese celebrated Tagore''s 63rd birthday and conferred him the Chinese name of ''Zhu Zhendan''.
"Tagore and China" is a collection of articles by eminent academics and scholars including the likes of Amartya Sen, Prasenjit Duara, Uma Das Gupta and Patricia Uberoi. Supplemented by some rare photographs, it is a tribute to Tagore''s 150th birth anniversary. န Photo Courtesy : Paul Chung (President, The Indian Chinese Association)
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Maldives to withdraw import duty on 'Bangladeshi products'
Dhaka, 29 May : Maldives has decided to withdraw import duties on Bangladesh products including medicines effective by the end of the year and improve trade and investment cooperation between the two South Asian nations.
Maldives Foreign Minister Ahmed Naseem conveyed his government decision during bilateral talks with Foreign Minister Dr Dipu Moni at the Foreign Office Sunday afternoon.

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Kingfisher Airlines plane makes emergency landing Airport
Kolkata, 29 May : A Delhi-Bangkok Kingfisher Airlines flight made an emergency landing at the NSC Bose International Airport here today due to a technical snag, officials said.
The plane made a safe landing at around 4am, they said. The passengers will be accommodated in another plane of the airline as engineers are inspecting the aircraft to detect the problem, officials said.
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Wild mushrooms kill three at Trichna village in south Tripura
Agartala, 29 May : Three people, including a child and a woman, died and three others fell sick after consuming poisonous wild mushrooms in Tripura, officials said Sunday.
A district official said a few tribals at Trichna village in southern Tripura consume raw wild mushrooms Saturday night. The dead included a three-year-old child and a couple. Three more people were reported to be in critical condition.
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Mamata's surprise hospital visits are publicity stunts: CPI(M)
Kolkata, 29 May : CPI(M) Sunday hit out at West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee for her surprise visits to state-run hospitals, terming them publicity stunts, adding these kind of activities bring out her 'whimsical and restless attitude'.
"Mamata Banerjee has started surprise visits to various state-run hospitals and her visits also includes a huge contingent of media persons. The presence of Mamata in the hospital campus creates ruckus both among the medical staffs and the patients, which in turn, hampers the health services in the hospitals. But she is not bothered about those problems that patient faces.... she is only bothered about the publicity of her visits," said an editorial published in CPI(M) mouthpiece Ganashakti.
After taking over the reigns of the state, Mamata Banerjee has paid several surprise visits to several state-run hospitals in city. Last week Mamata visited super-specialty hospitals SSKM hospital, Bangur Institute of Neurosciences (BIN) and Sambhunath Pandit Hospital. During her visit to these hospitals she had interacted with the doctors and the patients and enquired about the infrastructure of the hospitals.
Mamata Banerjee suspended BIN director Dr Shyamapada Ghorai for alleged misconduct and insubordination during her visit to the institute. The editorial also lambasted Mamta for suspending Ghorai and said that the suspension has created trouble for various patients lodged in the BIN.
'The only fault of Dr Ghorai was that she had asked her (Mamata) to come to the room and discuss the hospital issues rather than moving around with the contingent of the media persons which was creating problems for the patients. Many patients who were scheduled to be operated or treated by Dr Ghorai are facing life and death situation,' said the editorial, terming Dr Ghorai's suspension 'a sign of restlessness and whimsical attitude'.
'This kind of activities only projects the restless and whimsical attitude of Mamata. This government is only interested in threatening and pressurising others. It is not interested in an kind of logic but only in its whims and conditions,' it added
.
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26 hurt in acid attack in North Tripura District, one held
Agartala, 29 May : At least 26 people were seriously injured, four of them critically, in an acid attack in Tripura, police said here Sunday. One person was arrested.
Police arrested jeweller Ratan Sarkar who threw acid on a vegetable vendor and others Saturday night in North Tripura district's Kailashahar town, 175 km from here. The jeweller had a quarrel with the vendor over the use of space in front of his shop. Following the argument, he threw nitric acid on the vendor and on the on-lookers who had gathered near the shop, a police spokesman said.
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Challenges for disaster, climate risk reduction formidable in Bangladesh, says Global Assessment Report
UNB, Dhaka, 29 May : Despite continued success in addressing the global climate change impacts, the challenges for disaster and climate risk reduction remain formidable in Bangladesh due to increasing the intensity and complexity of disasters.
The disclosure was made in the newly published 'Global Assessment Report 2011 on Disaster Risk Reduction'.
The report said some challenges are persistent and recurring and the others are emerging. Nonetheless the country reaffirms its resolve to reduce the disaster and climate risks.
Bangladesh reiterate its commitment to 'disaster proof' its investment in the country along with increased interaction and cooperation with global community in resources, knowledge and technology sharing for the risk reduction of the millions of the most vulnerable women, men and children.
Only bolder investments of the government, civil society and international community could materialise the resilience of the vulnerable communities, the report observed.
The report identified Bangladesh as one of the frontrunner counties in aligning itself with the global agenda on disaster and climate risk reduction.
The Global Assessment Report (GAR) 2011 on the Disaster Risk Reduction was unveiled at a ceremony organized by the Disaster Management and Relief Division in the city on Sunday.
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          Business Game Changers Radio with Sarah Westall: On the Brink of WWIII - Why the U.S. is in Syria and How it Dominates Militarily with Space Technology        
EpisodeWorld War III is building up in the Middle East as 20 countries participate in a military “exercise” dubbed “Northern Thunder”. The exercise includes 350,000 soldiers, 20 thousand tanks, 2450 warplanes, and 460 military helicopters supplied by Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Bahrain, Senegal, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Sudan, Kuwait, the Maldives, Morocco, Pakistan, Chad, Tunisia, Comoro Islands, Djibouti, Malaysia, Egypt, Mauritania, and Mauritius. While this is occurring, Turkey has been bom ...
          Peran dan Kedudukan Bahasa Indonesia Sebagai Bahasa Persatuan        
Berikut artikel tentang hakikat Bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa pemersatu.


PERAN DAN KEDUDUKAN BAHASA INDONESIA
SEBAGAI BAHASA PERSATUAN

Indah Kurniasari
Universitas Negeri Malang
E-mail: picapicopici@yahoo.com

ABSTRAK: Bahasa adalah induk dari segala ilmu. Bahasa merupakan serangkaian bunyi-bunyi yang dihasilkan oleh seperangkat alat ucap manusia yang bersifat arbitrer atau sewenang-wenang juga merupakan hasil dari konvensi yang telah disetujui dan diaplikasikan pada masyarakat. Bahasa nasional penting untuk menyatukan multikultural di Indonesia agar tidak menimbulkan kecemburuan sosial. Sejalan dengan hal tersebut, penggunaan bahasa Indonesia harus sesuai dengan kaidah bahasa baku untuk mencerminkan kewibawaan sebuah bahasa.
Kata kunci: bahasa nasional, bahasa persatuan, bahasa baku
ABSTRACT: Language is the mother of all sciences. Language is a series of sounds produced by the human said set of tools that are arbitrary or abusive is also a result of the conventions that have been approved and applied in society. The national language is important to bring together multicultural Indonesia so as not to cause social jealousy. Accordingly, the use of Indonesian must comply with the rules of standard language to reflect the dignity of a language.
Key words: national language, unity language, basic language
Disadari atau tidak, kita sebagai manusia membutuhkan komunikasi antarmanusia untuk mencapai keinginan batiniah yang tidak dapat dihasilkan oleh diri sendiri. Alat vital komunikasi adalah bahasa. Bahasa bukan hanya suatu tatanan ujaran yang digunakan oleh dua orang pembicara atau lebih, melainkan kita berpikir juga memerlukan bahasa untuk menyampaikan hasil pemikiran. Seperti yang diungkapkan oleh Whitney (dalam Aminuddin, 2011:19), language is not only necesary for the formulation of thought but is part of thinking process itself. We cannot get outside language to reach thought, not outside thought to reach language.
Paparan Whitney di atas menyatakan bahwa bahasa bukan hanya alat untuk pengatur pemikiran melainkan bagian dari proses berfikir itu sendiri. Kita tidak bisa mengesampingkan bahasa untuk mencapai pemikiran tetapi kita mengesampingkan pemikiran untuk menjangkau bahasa.
Menurut KBBI, bahasa adalah (1) Ling sistem lambang bunyi berartikulasi yang bersifat sewenang-wenang dan konvensional yang dipakai sebagai alat komunikasi untuk melahirkan perasaan dan pikiran; (2) perkataan-perkataan yang dipakai oleh suatu bangsa (suku bangsa, negara, daerah, dsb); (3) percakapan (perkataan) yang baik; sopan santun; tingkah laku yang baik.
Maksud dari uraian KBBI di atas, dalam kajian linguistik, bahasa merupakan sebuah sistem lambang bunyi yang memiliki artikulasi yang bersifat arbitrer atau sewenang-wenang dan konvensional yang dipakau sebagai alat komunikasi untuk perasaan dan pikiran. Maksudnya adalah, bahasa bersifat arbitrer, bahasa mengikat penggunanya untuk menggunakan bahasa tersebut dalam berkomunikasi dan bahasa juga merupakan konvesional atau kesepakatan masyarakat bahasa yang digunakan pada suatu daerah tersebut.
Lebih lanjut mengenai masyarakat bahasa, Halliday (dalam Kushartanti, 1968: 35) mendefinisikan masyarakat bahasa adalah sekelompok orang yang merasa atau menganggap diri mereka memakai bahasa yang sama. Dalam pendapat yang dikemukakan oleh Halliday tersebut jelas bahwa bahasa bersifat konvensional, disepakati oleh mereka yang menganggap dirinya memakai bahasa yang sama dan bahasa tersebut diaplikasikan dalam komunikasi verbal.
KBBI juga mendefinisikan bahasa adalah perkataan-perkataan yang dipakai oleh suatu bangsa. Maksudnya, bahasa digunakan oleh suatu bangsa untuk berkomunikasi antarindividu dalam satuan suku bangsa, negara, maupun daerah. Bahasa juga merupakan sebuah perkataan yang baik, sopan santun, dan mencerminkan kepribadian atau tingkah laku penuturnya.
Lain halnya dengan Santoso (1990:1) dalam mengemukakan mengenai bahasa. Menurutnya, bahasa adalah rangkaian bunyi yang dihasilkan oleh alat ucap manusia secara sadar. Dalam kutipan tersebut lebih diketahui lagi bahwa pemakai bahasa menggunakan sebuah bahasa untuk beromunikasi antarmanusia secara sadar. Maksudnya dalam keadaan yang sadar, memiliki skemata dan tujuan yang ingin dicapai dalam komunikasi tersebut.
Penjelasan dari Santoso dapat dipertegas lagi dengan penjelasan Kridalaksana (dalam Kushartanti, 2005:23) yang berpendapat bahwa di dalam suatu masyarakat bahasa, orang dapat berkomunikasi dan saling memahami karena mereka memiliki gambaran mental yang sama tentang dunia. Kridalaksana menekankan bahwasannya komunikasi terjadi apabila kedua penutur memiliki gambaran mental atau memiliki persepsi yang sama tentang dunia.
Misalnya saja seseorang yang hanya mampu bertutur bahasa Indoneisa suatu hari pergi berlibur ke Eropa. Ia ingin menanyakan lokasi hotel terdekat dari bandara, dari sini dapat kita menangkap bahwa ia tidak mampu bertutur bahasa Eropa atau bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa internasional dan ia tidak akan pernah mengetahui lokasi hotel terdekat dari bandara kecuali ia bertemu seseorang yang juga berasal dari Indonesia.
Secara yuridis, bahasa Indonesia lahir pada tanggal 28 Oktober 1928. Pada saat itu, para pemuda dari berbagai pelosok Nusantara berkumpul dalam Kerapatan Pemuda dan berikrar (1) Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku bertumpah darah yang satu, tanah air Indonesia, (2) Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku berbangsa yang satu, bangsa Indonesia, (3) Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, menjunjung bahasa persatuan, bahasa Indonesia. Unsur yang ketiga dari Sumpah Pemuda merupakan pernyataan tekad bahwa bahasa Indonesia merupakan bahasa persatuan bangsa Indonesia. Pada tahun 1928 itulah bahasa Indonesia dikukuhkan kedudukannya sebagai bahasa nasional.
Dalam hubungannya sebagai alat untuk menyatukan berbagai suku yang mempunyai latar belakang budaya dan bahasa masing-masing, bahasa Indonesia justru dapat menyerasikan hidup sebagai bangsa yang bersatu tanpa meninggalkan identitas kesukuan dan kesetiaan kepada nilai-nilai sosial budaya serta latar belakang bahasa etnik yang bersangkutan. Bahkan, lebih dari itu, dengan bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa persatuan ini, kepentingan nasional diletakkan jauh di atas kepentingan daerah dan golongan.
Sejalan dengan fungsinya sebagai alat perhubungan antardaerah dan antarbudaya, bahasa Indonesia juga telah berhasil menjalankan fungsinya sebagai alat pengungkapan perasaan. Kalau beberapa tahun yang lalu masih ada orang yang berpandangan bahwa bahasa Indonesia belum sanggup mengungkapkan nuansa perasaan yang halus, sekarang dapat dilihat kenyataan bahwa seni sastra dan seni drama, baik yang dituliskan maupun yang dilisankan, telah berkembang demikian pesatnya. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa nuansa perasaan betapa pun halusnya dapat diungkapkan secara jelas dan sempurna dengan menggunakan bahasa Indonesia. Kenyataan ini tentulah dapat menambah tebalnya rasa kesetiaan kepada bahasa Indonesia dan rasa kebanggaan akan kemampuan bahasa Indonesia.
Dalam kedudukan bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa resmi, bahasa Indonesia bukan saja dipakai sebagai alat komunikasi timbal balik antara pemerintah dan masyarakat luas, dan bukan saja dipakai sebagai alat perhubungan antardaerah dan antarsuku, tetapi juga dipakai sebagai alat perhubungan formal pemerintahan dan kegiatan atau peristiwa formal lainnya. Dengan kata lain, apabila pokok persoalan yang dibicarakan menyangkut masalah nasional dan dalam situasi formal, berkecenderungan menggunakan bahasa Indonesia.
Lebih dalam lagi pada paparan selanjutnya akan dibahas mengenai histori terbentuknya bahasa Indonesia, hubungan bahasa daerah dan bahasa asing dengan bahasa Indonesia, pembakuan bahasa Indonesia, dan yang terakhir mengenai kedudukan bahasa Indonesia.
HISTORI TERBENTUKNYA BAHASA INDONESIA SEBAGAI BAHASA NASIONAL
Pada tahun 1847 di Singapura terbit sebuah majalah ilmiah tahunan, Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia (JIAEA), yang dikelola oleh James Richardson Logan (1819-1869). James Richardson Logan adalah orang Skotlandia yang meraih sarjana hukum dari Universitas Edinburgh. Pada tahun 1849 seorang ahli etnologi bangsa Inggris, George Samuel Windsor Earl (1813-1865), menggabungkan diri sebagai redaksi majalah JIAEA.
Dalam JIAEA Volume IV tahun 1850, halaman 66-74, Earl menulis artikel On the Leading Characteristics of the Papuan, Australian and Malay-Polynesian Nations. Dalam artikelnya itu Earl menegaskan bahwa sudah tiba saatnya bagi penduduk kepulauan Hindia atau kepulauan Melayu untuk memiliki nama khas (a distinctive name). Sebab nama Hindia tidaklah tepat dan sering rancu dengan penyebutan nama negara atau suku India yang lain. Earl mengajukan dua pilihan nama yakni Indunesia atau Malayunesia (nesos dalam bahasa Yunani berarti pulau). Pada halaman 71 artikelnya itu tertulis : … the inhabitants of the Indian Archipelago or Malayan Archipelago would become respectively Indunesians or Malayunesians. Artinya adalah dalam populasi kepulauan Hindia atau Melayu seharusnya mengganti nama menjadi Indunesia atau Malayunesia.
Earl sendiri menyatakan memilih nama Malayunesia (Kepulauan Melayu) daripada Indunesia (Kepulauan Hindia), sebab Malayunesia sangat tepat untuk ras Melayu, sedangkan Indunesia bisa juga digunakan untuk Ceylon (Srilanka) dan Maldives (Maladewa). Lagi pula, menurut Earl, bahasa Melayu dipakai di seluruh kepulauan ini (Melayu).
Dalam JIAEA Volume IV itu juga, halaman 252-347, James Richardson Logan menulis artikel The Ethnology of the Indian Archipelago. Pada awal tulisannya, Logan pun menyatakan perlunya nama khas bagi kepulauan tanah air kita, sebab istilah “Indian Archipelago” terlalu panjang dan membingungkan. Logan memungut nama Indunesia yang dibuang Earl, dan huruf “u” digantinya dengan huruf “o” agar ucapannya lebih baik. Maka lahirlah istilah Indonesia.
Untuk pertama kalinya kata Indonesia muncul di dunia dengan tercetak pada halaman 254 dalam tulisan Logan : Mr. Earl suggests the ethnographical term Indunesian, but rejects it in favour of Malayunesian. I prefer the purely geographical term Indonesia, which is Merelya shorter synonym for the IndianIslands or the Indian Archipelago. Yang berarti Tuan Earl menyarankan pemakaian nama Indunesia tetapi ia lebih menyukai pemakaian nama Malayunesia. Dan Logan lebih memilih nama untuk kepulauan dengan Indonesia yang mengandung kependekan dari pulau Hindia atau kepulauan Hindia.
Ketika mengusulkan nama “Indonesia” agaknya Logan tidak menyadari bahwa di kemudian hari nama itu akan menjadi nama bangsa dan negara yang jumlah penduduknya peringkat keempat terbesar di muka bumi. Sejak saat itu Logan secara konsisten menggunakan nama Indonesia dalam tulisan-tulisan ilmiahnya, dan lambat laun pemakaian istilah ini menyebar di kalangan para ilmuwan bidang etnologi dan geografi.
Pada tahun 1884 guru besar etnologi di Universitas Berlin yang bernama Adolf Bastian (1826-1905) menerbitkan buku Indonesien oder die Inseln des Malayischen Archipel sebanyak lima volume, yang memuat hasil penelitiannya ketika mengembara ke Indonesia pada tahun 1864 sampai 1880. Buku Bastian inilah yang memopulerkan istilah Indonesia di kalangan sarjana Belanda, sehingga sempat timbul anggapan bahwa istilah Indonesia itu ciptaan Bastian. Pada kenyataannya pendapat demikian tidak dibenarkan. Hal ini juga tercantum dalam Encyclopedie van Nederlandsch – Indie tahun 1918. Padahal Bastian mengambil istilah Indonesia itu dari tulisan-tulisan Logan.
Nasionalis tanah air yang pertama kali menggunakan istilah Indonesia adalah Suwardi Suryaningrat (Ki Hajar Dewantara) ketika di buang ke negeri Belanda tahun 1913. Pada masa itu beliau mendirikan sebuah biro pers dengan nama Indonesische Pers-bureau.
Pada tahun 1920-an, nama Indonesia yang merupakan istilah ilmiah dalam etnologi dan geografi itu diambil alih oleh tokoh-tokoh pergerakan kemerdekaan, sehingga nama Indonesia akhirnya memiliki makna politis, yaitu identitas suatu bangsa yang memperjuangkan kemerdekaan. Akibatnya pemerintah Belanda mulai curiga dan waspada terhadap pemakaian kata ciptaan Logan itu.
Bung Hatta menegaskan dalam tulisannya, “Negara Indonesia Merdeka” (de toekomstige vrije Indonesische staat). Melalui tulisannya tersebut mustahil perjuangan kemerdekaan negara dengan nama yang diberikan Belanda, yahki Hindia Belanda. Juga tidak menggunakan nama Hindia saja, sebab nama tersebut dapat menimbulkan kekeliruan dengan negara India yang asli. Bagi kaum nasionalis saat itu, nama Indonesia menyatakan suatu tujuan politik (een politiek doel), karena melambangkan dan mencita-citakan suatu tanah air di masa depan, dan untuk mewujudkannya tiap orang Indonesia (Indonesier) akan berusaha dengan segala tenaga dan kemampuannya.
Sementara itu, di tanah air Dr. Sutomo mendirikan Indonesische Studie Club pada tahun 1924. Pada tahun itu juga Perserikatan Komunis Hindia berganti nama menjadi Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI). Lalu pada tahun 1925 Jong Islamieten Bond membentuk kepanduan Nationaal Indonesische Padvinderij (Natipij). Itulah tiga organisasi di tanah air yang mula-mula menggunakan nama Indonesia. Akhirnya nama Indonesia dinobatkan sebagai nama tanah air, bangsa dan bahasa kita pada Kerapatan Pemoeda-Pemoedi Indonesia tanggal 28 Oktober 1928, yang kini kita sebut Sumpah Pemuda.
Pada bulan Agustus 1939 tiga orang anggota Volksraad(Dewan Rakyat, DPR zaman Belanda), Muhammad Husni Thamrin, Wiwoho Purbohadidjojo, dan Sutardjo Kartohadikusumo, mengajukan mosi kepada Pemerintah Belanda agar nama Indonesia diresmikan sebagai pengganti nama Nederlandsch-Indie (Hindia – Belanda). Tetapi Belanda menolaknya dengan mentah-mentah.
Sebagai akibat kekalahan pihak Belanda saat Perang Dunia II, maka tanah air Indonesia jatuh ke tangan Jepang pada tanggal 8 Maret 1942. Dengan keadaan ini maka lenyaplah nama Hindia Belanda untuk selama-lamanya. Lalu pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, lahirlah Republik Indonesia melalui perjuangan dan doa para korban penjajahan,.
Awal terbentuknya bahasa Indonesia sebagai bahasa pemersatu adalah melalui sebuah kongres pemuda yang diadakan pada 28 Oktober 1928. Diselenggarakan oleh pemuda-pemuda Indonesia di seluruh pelosok negeri. Kongres Pemuda yang menghasilkan bukti outentik tebentuknya bangsa Indonesia pada Kongres Pemuda II. Saat itulah kobaran jiwa-jiwa nasionalisme yang tertindas, terhimpit oleh penjajahan kolonialisme belanda mulai menunjukkan jiwa persatuannya untuk mewujudkan sebuah bangsa, bangsa yang memiliki kedaulatan, bangsa yang menginginkan kemerdekaan, dan bangsa itu adalah bangsa Indonesia.
Gagasan penyelenggaraan Kongres Pemuda Kedua berasal dari Perhimpunan Pelajar Pelajar Indonesia (PPPI), sebuah organisasi pemuda yang beranggota pelajar dari seluruh Indonesia. Atas inisiatif PPPI tersebut, kongres dilaksanakan di tiga gedung yang berbeda dan dibagi dalam tiga kali rapat.
Rapat pertama, Sabtu, 27 Oktober 1928, di Gedung Katholieke Jongenlingen Bond (KJB), Waterlooplein (sekarang Lapangan Banteng). Dalam sambutannya, ketua PPPI Sugondo Djojopuspito berharap kongres ini dapat memperkuat semangat persatuan dalam sanubari para pemuda. Acara dilanjutkan dengan uraian Moehammad Yamin tentang arti dan hubungan persatuan dengan pemuda. Menurutnya, ada lima faktor yang bisa memperkuat persatuan Indonesia yaitu sejarah, bahasa, hukum adat, pendidikan, dan kemauan.
Rapat kedua, Minggu, 28 Oktober 1928, di Gedung Oost-Java Bioscoop, membahas masalah pendidikan. Kedua pembicara, Poernomowoelan dan Sarmidi Mangoensarkoro, berpendapat bahwa anak harus mendapat pendidikan kebangsaan, harus pula ada keseimbangan antara pendidikan di sekolah dan di rumah. Anak juga harus dididik secara demokratis.
Pada rapat penutup, di gedung Indonesische Clubgebouw di Jalan Kramat Raya 106, Sunario menjelaskan pentingnya nasionalisme dan demokrasi selain gerakan kepanduan. Sedangkan Ramelan mengemukakan, gerakan kepanduan tidak bisa dipisahkan dari pergerakan nasional. Gerakan kepanduan sejak dini mendidik anak-anak disiplin dan mandiri, hal-hal yang dibutuhkan dalam perjuangan.
Rumusan Kongres Sumpah Pemuda ditulis Moehammad Yamin pada secarik kertas yang disodorkan kepada Soegondo ketika Mr. Sunario tengah berpidato pada sesi terakhir kongres sambil berbisik kepada Soegondo: Ik heb een eleganter formulering voor de resolutie (Saya mempunyai suatu formulasi yang lebih elegan untuk keputusan Kongres ini), yang kemudian Soegondo membubuhi paraf setuju pada secarik kertas tersebut, kemudian diteruskan kepada yang lain untuk paraf setuju juga. Sumpah tersebut awalnya dibacakan oleh Soegondo dan kemudian dijelaskan panjang-lebar oleh Yamin.
Isi dari rumusan yang diajukan adalah sebagi berikut:
1.        Pertama - Kami poetera dan poeteri Indonesia, mengakoe bertoempah darah jang satoe, tanah Indonesia.
Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku bertumpah darah yang satu, tanah Indonesia.
2.        Kedoewa - Kami poetera dan poeteri Indonesia, mengakoe berbangsa jang satoe, bangsa Indonesia.
Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, mengaku berbangsa yang satu, bangsa Indonesia.
3.        Ketiga - Kami poetera dan poeteri Indonesia, mendjoendjoeng bahasa persatoean, bahasa Indonesia.
Kami putra dan putri Indonesia, menjunjung bahasa persatuan, bahasa Indonesia.
Sebelum kongres ditutup diperdengarkan lagu "Indonesia Raya" karya Wage Rudolf Supratman yang dimainkan dengan biola saja tanpa syair, atas saran Sugondo kepada Supratman. Lagu tersebut disambut dengan sangat meriah oleh peserta kongres. Kongres ditutup dengan mengumumkan rumusan hasil kongres. Oleh para pemuda yang hadir, rumusan itu diucapkan sebagai Sumpah Setia.
Para peserta Kongres Pemuda II ini berasal dari berbagai wakil organisasi pemuda yang ada pada waktu itu, seperti Jong Java, Jong Ambon, Jong Celebes, Jong Batak, Jong Sumatranen Bond, Jong Islamieten Bond, Sekar Rukun, PPPI, Pemuda Kaum Betawi, dan masih banyak lagi. Di antara mereka hadir pula beberapa orang pemuda Tionghoa sebagai pengamat, yaitu Oey Kay Siang, John Lauw Tjoan Hok dan Tjio Djien Kwie namun sampai saat ini tidak diketahui latar belakang organisasi yang mengutus mereka. Sementara Kwee Thiam Hiong hadir sebagai seorang wakil dari Jong Sumatranen Bond. Diprakarsai oleh AR Baswedan pemuda keturunan arab di Indonesia mengadakan kongres di Semarang dan mengumandangkan Sumpah Pemuda Keturunan Arab.
Melalui ikrar sumpah pemuda tersebut lahir bangsa Indonesia. Dari butir ketiga sumpah pemuda tersebut mengikrarkan bahasa persatuan adalah bahasa Indonesia. Dengan demikian secara de facto bahasa Indonesia lahir pada Sumpah Pemuda tersebut. Walaupun tidak ada penjelasan mendetail mengenai arti “bahasa Negara” pada saat itu, namun kedudukan bahasa Indonesia sebagai Bahasa Negara adalah langkah lanjutan dari pengakuan dalam sumpah pemuda.
Bahasa Indonesia dinyatakan kedudukannya sebagai bahasa negara pada tanggal 18 Agustus 1945 karena pada saat itu Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 disahkan sebagai Undang-Undang Dasar Negara Republik Indonesia. Dalam Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 disebutkan bahwa Bahasa negara ialah bahasa Indonesia (Bab XV, Pasal 36).
Keputusan Kongres Bahasa Indonesia II tahun 1954 di Medan, antara lain, menyatakan bahwa bahasa Indonesia berasal dari bahasa Melayu. Bahasa Indonesia tumbuh dan berkembang dari bahasa Melayu yang sejak zaman dulu sudah dipergunakan sebagai bahasa perhubungan (lingua franca) bukan hanya di Kepulauan Nusantara, melainkan juga hampir di seluruh Asia Tenggara.
Bahasa Melayu mulai dipakai di kawasan Asia Tenggara sejak abad ke-7. Bukti yang menyatakan itu ialah dengan ditemukannya prasasti di Kedukan Bukit berangka tahun 683 M (Palembang), Talang Tuwo berangka tahun 684 M (Palembang), Kota Kapur berangka tahun 686 M (Bangka Barat), dan Karang Brahi berangka tahun 688 M (Jambi). Prasasti itu bertuliskan huruf Pranagari berbahasa Melayu Kuno. Bahasa Melayu Kuno itu tidak hanya dipakai pada zaman Sriwijaya karena di Jawa Tengah (Gandasuli) juga ditemukan prasasti berangka tahun 832 M dan di Bogor ditemukan prasasti berangka tahun 942 M yang juga menggunakan bahasa Melayu Kuno.
Pada zaman Sriwijaya, bahasa Melayu dipakai sebagai bahasa kebudayaan, yaitu bahasa buku pelajaran agama Budha. Bahasa Melayu juga dipakai sebagai bahasa perhubungan antarsuku di Nusantara dan sebagai bahasa perdagangan, baik sebagai bahasa antarsuku di Nusantara maupun sebagai bahasa yang digunakan terhadap para pedagang yang datang dari luar Nusantara.
Sejak awal kemerdekaan, bangsa Indonesia sudah mempunyai bahasa nasional, bahkan bahasa negara. Tidak seperti negara tetangga seperti Singapura, Filipina, dan India. Tidak mudah merumuskan bahasa negara, bahasa yang lahir dari dalam kebudayaan suatu bangsa tersebut. Walaupun bahasa Indonesia banyak diadopsi dari bahasa Melayu, namun bahasa Indonesia tidak sama dengan bahasa Melayu. Bahasa Indonesia merupakan salah satu varian dari bahasa Melayu.
Pemilihan bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa Indonesia pada masa itu bukan karena adanya kepentingan suatu ras tertentu dalam kongres pemuda 28 Oktober 1928. Ketua Kongres Pemuda tersebut berasal dari jawa, Soegondo Djojopuspito, Mohammad Yamin berasal dari Batak. Bahkan pengguna bahasa Melayu pada masa itu masih tergolong sedikit, kebanyakan mereka menggunakan bahasa daerah dan bahasa belanda untuk kaum nasionalis. Pemerintah Belandalah yang berusaha menterjemahkan bahasa Melayu ke dalam tulisan latin yang kemudian disebut sebagai ejaan Van Ophuijsen. Bahasa rekayasa inilah yang mendasari pemerintah Belanda mendirikan Balai Pustaka sebagai penerbitan buku-buku juga sebagai badan sensor penerbitan buku pada masa itu.
Selanjutnya pada masa penjajahan Jepang, pemerintah Jepang melarang keras penggunaan bahasa Belanda. Mau tidak mau rakyat Indonesia menggunakan bahasa daerah dan bahasa Melayu Indonesia sebagai media komunikasi. Bahasa Melayu pada masa itu banyak digunakan untuk menerbitkan buku-buku selain dalam bahasa Daerah dan bahasa Belanda. Pada masa itu bahasa Melayu juga telah digunakan oleh masyarakat nusantara sebagai bahasa komunikasi sehari-hari. Hal ini juga tidak terlepas dari rumpun bangsa yang mengikat Indonesia adalah rumpun bangsa melayu.
Kemudian setelah kemerdekaan bahasa Indonesia juga telah mengalami perkembangan kosakata. Kata-kata bahasa Melayu juga sudah mengalami pergeseran makna menjadi suatu kesatuan bahasa yang santun. Maka pada tahun 1950 dibentuklah sebuah ejaan penyempurnaan bahasa Indonesia atau yang kerap disebut sebagai Ejaan Yang Disempurnakan (EYD).
PENGARUH BAHASA ASING DAN BAHASA DAERAH DALAM BAHASA INDONESIA
Bahasa indonesia tidak dapat berdiri sendiri sebagai bahasa nasional tanpa pengaryh dari bahasa-bahasa diluar bahasa Melayu yang menjadi landasan dasar bahasa Indonesia. Bahasa Indonesia juga mendapat kata-kata yang berasal dari bahasa Asing sebagai dampak perdagangan maupun dampak kolonialisme di Indonesia. Selain itu bahasa Indonesia juga memperoleh kosakata yang tidak ada dalam bahasa Melayu dari bahasa daerah tertentu.
Kosakata dalam bahasa Melayu yang digunakan sebagai dasar bahasa Indonesia tidak mempunyai kosakata yang banyak untuk mewakili benda-benda atau perihal-perihal yang ada dalam masyarakat majemuk Indonesia. Oleh karena itu, penyerapan kosakata dilakukan dengan mengambil kata-kata Asing maupun kata-kata dari bahasa daerah. Penyerapan kata-kata tersebut dilakukan dengan dua cara. Pertama penyerapan secara keseluruhan baik pengucapannya maupun penulisannya. Cara yang kedua dengan menyesuaikannya dengan pengucapan maupun penulisan sesuai dengan tata bahasa baku bahasa Indonesia.
Bahasa Indonesia yang amat luas wilayah pemakaiannya dan bermacam ragam penuturnya, mau tidak mau, harus takluk dengan bahasa Indonesia. Faktor sejarah dan perkembangan masyarakat turut pula berpengaruh pada timbulnya sejumlah ragam bahasa Indonesia. Ragam bahasa bisa disebut dengan dialek, maka beraneka macam ragam bahasa tersebut masih tetap disebut bahasa Indonesia.
Seperti yang telah dipaparkan di atas, bahasa Indonesia tidak secara murni mencercap bahasa Melayu murni. Bahasa Indonesia selain menggunakan bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa nasional, ternyata bahasa Indonesia berkembang dengan adanya bahasa asing dan bahasa daerah yang lebih dahulu terlahir dibandingkan bahasa Indonesia.
Bahasa asing banyak juga yang telah diserap ke dalam bahasa Indonesia. Bahasa Indonesia dari awal pertumbuhannya sampai sekarang telah banyak menyerap unsur-unsur asing terutama dalam hal kosakata. Kata serapan adalah kata yang berasal dari bahasa asing yang sudah diintegrasikan kedalam suatu bahasa dan diterima pemakaiannya secara umum. Bahasa Indonesia menyerap banyak kata dari bahasa-bahasa lain, terutama dari negara yang pernah berhubungan langsung dengan Indonesia baik melalui perdagangan (Sansekerta, Arab, dan Tionghoa), melalui penjajahan (Portugis, Jepang, Belanda), maupun dari perkembangan ilmu pengetahuan (Inggris). Berikut data jumlah kata asing yang telah diserap ke dalam bahasa Indonesia:
No.
Asal Bahasa
Jumlah Kata yang Diserap
1.     
Arab
1.495 kata
2.     
Belanda
3.280 kata
3.     
Tionghoa
290 kata
4.     
Hindi
7 kata
5.     
Inggris
1.610 kata
6.     
Parsi
63 kata
7.     
Portugis
The Maldives by Propeller Plane

Bathroom Abundance

Serene Morning

Sunset with Venus, The planet of LOVE ( upper left )

My own private infinity pool. Such a lucky girl!!

I wasn't the only one sun tanning! 

So cute!! So magical to witness these little guys on their first day on this beautiful planet. 


          British Columbia to The Maldives        

 My summer in Canada flew by. Here are the photos. Now back in the Maldives at Shangri-La. So blessed!
Sea to Sky Highway - British Columbia
Overnight backpacking trip with my best girlfriend. Garibaldi Lake - Panorama Ridge
I found these little rocks and made an Inuksuk on my knee :)
Otter playing guitar at Wreck Beach
Pacific Spirit Park, getting my nature time on 

Wreck Beach Sunset
Delhi 2 Dublin at Vancouver Folk Music Festival on July 19, 2013
Summer Drinks!
The Maldives by propeller plane!

My new home in the Maldives. So blessed! 


          3 Months Living at The Shangri-La Maldives         
I'm wrapping up my last week of living at the Shangri-La Villingili Resort and Spa. It's been nothing short of a dream, and I am in a state of absolute gratitude and appreciation for every beautiful moment of the day.

To live in a water villa for 3 months is beyond luxury. But the true luxury is not just the 800 thread count clean sheets and towels everyday, nor is it the hammock which is stretched across the sparking crystal blue water. It is the peace. The true luxury has been watching the most incredible sunsets I have ever seen. Every single one different and unique and special. The last bursts of colour, ending a day, yet creating a memory in my mind that will last forever.

A memory. A moment. In my first few weeks, I sat one night enjoying a delicious bottle of wine with a beautiful young Russian family, just two of the deeply interesting and wonderfully fascinating new friends I have met while I have been here. At one point, the beautiful young mother looked at me and said "This moment will never happen again", and on that note we did as the Russians do and stood up and clinked our glasses of wine together. I remember those words often, and think about them often. In moments of bliss, or in moments of pain. Every moment is temporary. But is it permanent, because it always was and always will be.

I haven't blogged much while I have been here. But I have been doing writing. Lots of it. I've filled almost two journals, documenting my thoughts, emotions, observations and realisations with ink to paper. I've taken photos. Thousands of photos. Which I have yet to properly organise and edit. Here are some of my favorite for the last three months. Photos featured below are all by me.

In conclusion, as I wrap up the last week of living in one of the most beautiful houses on one of the most beautiful islands in the world, I will send out even more gratitude for everything. For this amazing opportunity. For all the warm and wonderful staff who have been so accommodating and heart-felt. Literally. When you pass a member of staff of Shangri-La Villingili Resort and Spa, they put their hand on their heart and smile warmly and they bow their head. It is the most simple and beautiful gesture.

The wonderful guests who have come to the island to stay have become new friends of mine. Russia, Qatar, Dubai, New York, Monaco, Vienna, Paris, UK. The list goes on. Beautiful, humble, kind people with love and gratitude in their hearts. I feel so blessed. People to know for life, and meet, somewhere in the world, at some moment in time. To experience even more laughter, knowledge, sharing and beautiful moments in time.

Diving. Having a tank of oxygen clipped onto your back and then jumping off a boat into the sparkly blue yonder is a thrill and blast of adrenaline in itself. Pressing a button to release air out of your vest, as you sink slowly below sea level. Popping your ears as you descend. Breathing, and hearing the air comes out in bubbles as it rises above you, back up to the surface. Diving. It's the sound. The sound of nothing. It's even more peaceful than sitting outside of my villa in the morning and having coffee. If that's even possible.

When you are submersed 10 meters below sea level, and slowly gliding past rainbow coloured coral reefs and look up to see yourself suspended among a sea of small silver fish glimmering from the sunshine above, it's really all there is. Simplicity. Peace. Solitude. Serenity. Understanding. Acceptance. Fascination. Curiosity. Dreams. Colours. Vivid. Energy. Universal oneness. Feeling big. Feeling small. Feeling nothing. Feeling everything. My long hair, floating, suspended in time and space. Me watching it, while holding my breath. That silence. Flashes of watching Splash as a little girl, and suddenly it all making perfect sense. Diving. I'm so happy we met each other. This is the beginning of a lifetime of love.

And my job. Last but definitely not least. To play music at sunset and see the sky light up in a blast of pink, orange, purple and blue. To try and predict what the clouds will look like, as the sun goes down and has disappeared, has become almost a game for me. These moments. Enjoying these moments with strangers who have become friends. And to provide the soundtrack as people sit in peace and appreciation and sip their cold Mojito or martini or coconut water. It's been a dream. A dream come true. And a dream that will continue come September, when I have been invited to do this for another 6 months.

On that note, I will leave you with photos. I fly out next week. A few nights in Perth to catch up with friends, than onwards to Bali, where I will spend a good few weeks reconnecting even deeper with myself and the magical island which started this whole incredible journey a year and a half ago. It will be a time of reflection. Having asked myself some deep questions lately, the answers are now naturally revealing themselves. Why did I leave Vancouver? What was I searching for? How is that different now? What have I found? What have I overcome? What am I proud of? What else do I want to create and achieve?

I know now, more than ever, everything you can ever imagine is possible. I stop for a moment and let my own words which I have just written permeate through my mind. Yes. It is so. Everything is yours to create. To visualise. To allow. To attract. To experience.

The past year and a half has been a collection of moments. Some very hard and very challenging. Others, perfect, in every way possible. I appreciate and love them all. For all their lessons, held a deeper truth, to bring me now to this moment. So this is not the end of a journey, nor is it the beginning. The moments in time, whether past, right now or what is to come, are all connected. Just how I am and you are connected to the stars and the moon, and to every piece of coral, rock or fish in the ocean.

Shangri-La Villingili Resort and Spa:  http://www.shangri-la.com/male/villingiliresort/














          With Love, from Shangri-La Villingili in the Maldives ❤        
Well, I've been here for a week now and still can't quite wrap my head around the fact of what I am experiencing. I am living in a luxury villa on the water and dining at truly exquisite restaurants and getting served under the stars. I play beautiful music on the beach, also under the stars, with the sounds of palm trees blowing in the wind and waves softly lapping at the shore.

Tomorrow is my night off. I think I am going to join the Turtle Nature Tour and then Maldivian Night Fishing. This is paradise. I am so grateful and know I deserve all of this â¤

A full blog post to come. For now....... some images from this remote paradise in the Indian Ocean.

So much Love and Gratitude â¤  Thank You, Shangri-La!! This is a dream come TRUE â¤
Closet Space
Where I have breakfast. So so incredible
Front Porch. Sigh â¤

I can do 40 walking lunges here

Yes, best bubble bath tub ever

Dream Space

Hai moon â¤

Where dreams come true within a dream come true

I manifested you, luxury island villa!

Yeah. Wow :)

My back yard â¤

Outdoor shower

My front porch - GRATITUDE â¤

The Neighborhood - Serenity Bay

The break on other side of island

Manzaru Bar at Sunset

Manzaru Bar

So beautiful â¤

Sunset from Manzaru Bar 

Moon Love â¤

Biking around the golf course


View of "The Neighborhood"

My amazing job â¤


          DJ Residency at Shangri-La in the Maldives        
If you follow my blog, but I don't have you on Facebook, I have some really exciting news to share / announce!! :)   This is a copy / paste of what I put on my Facebook. Fly in 36 hours, so I have tons to do! Enjoy xx DREAMS do come TRUE! Always vibrate at a level of love and gratitude :)


"Alright, it's been 20 days in the works and now I can finally say it's REAL. I've accepted a DJ Residency at The One and Only Shangri-La in the Maldives. I fly out Sunday night and start work on Monday. It's a three month contract and absolutely a dream come true. 

I had an Eat Pray Love moment a few months ago in France, lost and confused, I didn't know where to go next or what to do. One very windy afternoon, I went for a walk through the countryside. For hours and hours I walked. I asked the universe. I kept repeating "Maldives, Maldives, Maldives." I repeated positive mantras and tried to vibrate my energy at an all time high. Nothing happened. I came to Australia, where I have been living with my beautiful friends here for the past two months.

They say that only once you feel truly happy in the moment, can the universe send new things into your life. Well I'm happy here, really happy. It's a beautiful house with truly beautiful people in it. Lemon trees in the backyard and windchimes in the breeze. We live quite close to the airport, and a few nights before I received this big news ( Needless to say, I got covered in goosebumps when I received the message ) there was a huge wind storm. All of the planes got re-routed, and it seemed they flew right over our house. Being the traveler I am, this experience was very grounding. Literally. I felt very on the ground. And started to reflect on it. Wishing I was in the sky. To be between time zones and floating in the clouds. That is where I love to be.

I started a Gratitude Journal about a month ago. Every night before bed, I write down 5 things I am grateful for. Usually they are really simple things. Tonight it is a nourishing salad for dinner and going to bed with clean sheets. Other nights, I was thankful that I was tired or that I had a not so good day. It helped me to see the true beauty in each moment. "Every moment is the guru." ***** I pause for a moment and take a breath ***** I am truly living in the moment. So grateful for every breath. Every blessing. And now I'm heading to absolute paradise to play music for the next three months.

I'm trying not to let the idea of private jets and yachts and private jungle dinners go to my head. I'm more excited to swim with turtles every day and say hello and touch every single one of the 17,000 palm trees that is on the island and just BE. To breathe deep and look at the stars and feel love in my heart. Truly. For myself and every single thing and person in this magnificent universe. Life is truly so amazing. It truly is.

This ridiculous once-in-a-lifetime opportunity is the absolute trifecta of awesomeness beyond my wildest imagination and dreams. To be associated with the Shangri-La and it's level of prestige is an honor and a blessing. I can't wait to find out who the universe brings into my life. All the amazing people I will meet. I love simple moments, priceless moments that reflect all the beauty in the world and in people. I also really really love luxury ;)

And so I go to sleep now. This dream is real. With clean sheets and cricket sounds and hearing planes pass by in the night sky... I will dream. And I will fall asleep with so much absolute love and gratitude for every moment. So much gratitude for all the amazing supportive friends in my life. Gratitude for my angels. You listened. I love you. Lastly to my angel and great friend Stella, for suggesting the Maldives back in September, manifesting a contact out of thin air and closing the deal for me. Pure gratitude for all the beautiful moments to come ♥ EEEEEEEEK!!!!!!! ;) "





www.shangri-la.com/male/villingiliresort

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          Comment on About me by Sujeewa        
Hi Kamran, I have ordered your book Oracle Certified Master 11g Study Guide through amazon.com on January 10, 2017. Order number 107-1388714-1763462. I ordered it from Maldives. Estimated delivery date was Feb 23, 2017 - Mar 15, 2017. I still didnt get the book. Even I do not see the contact seller button when I check my Orders. Please can you support me to track the package. Best Regards, Sujeewa.
          Commentaires sur Occlusions veineuses rétiniennes par MichaelNex        
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          My Travel Bucket List.        

Cestovanie. Podľa mňa jeden z najlepších vecí na svete. Nepoznám ani človeka, čo by nerád cestoval. Každý z nás má radšej iné druhy destinácií aj typov dovoleniek. Niekto má radšej mestá, niekto more. Niekto by neprežil týždeň ležania na pláži a niekto si iné ani nevie predstaviť. Ja musím povedať, že cestujem rada kamkoľvek. Radšej mám asi mestá, ale páči sa mi aj more alebo práve aj hory a príroda. Dneska by som vám rada predstavila mestá, ktoré sú TOP na mojom cestovacom bucketliste a dúfam, že čo najviac si ich budem postupom času odškrtávať a že mi tam budú pribúdať aj ďalšie miesta. Do komentárov mi napášte, či radi cestujete a keby ste dostali možnosť ísť hocikam na svete, tak kam by to bolo.
uk
✈ Great Britain - V Anglicku je veľa miest, ktoré sú pekné a stoja za návštevu, ale ja by som najradšej navštívila Londýn a Brighton. Brighton som si zamilovala vďaka Zoe a jej vlogom. V Londýne by som sa chcela pozrieť na tie basic turistické miesta a taktiež by som určite nevynechala Harry Potter štúdiá.

edinburg✈ Scotland - Škótsko sa mi ako krajina veľmi páči. Staré ulice, budovy a veľa zelene. Z miest by som jednoznačne chcela navštíviť Edinburg, ktorý sa mi páči hlavne jeho uličkami a kultúrou. Určite by som chcela navštíviť aj okolie a vidieť škótsku zeleň, ktorá mi príde z fotiek a videí nádherná.
amsterdam
✈ Amsterdam - Je to mesto, ktoré je momentálne dosť vysoko na mojom bucket liste a dúfam, že si ho aj čím skôr splním. Najprv ma vôbec nelákalo, no potom ma zaujalo svojimi budovami, tulipánmi a takým amsterdamským vibeom. Určite by som tam rada videli aj múzeá (hlavne by som chcela vidieť Anne Frank House a Van Gogh Museum) a viac kultúrneho života.
greece
✈ Greece - V Grécku som už niekoľkokrát bola a je tam krásne, ale na mojom bucket liste mám momentálne presnejšie ostrov Santorini. Páči sa mi svojou originalitou, pretože si myslím, že niečo takéto inde ani nenájdete a na oddych to vyzerá ako skvelé miesto.
bora
✈ Bora Bora, Bali, Maldives - Nemohla by som povedať, že by som na jedno z týchto miest chcela viacej ako na druhé, ale aspoň jedno by som rada navštívila. Vyzerá to ako raj na zemi, krásna modrá voda, veľa zelene a kľud. Ja by som sa tam rada išla potápať a okrem oddychu aj nejaké tie adventurous things.
nyc
✈ NYC - Keďže Amerika mňa láka jednoznačne najviac, tak som sa ju rozhodla rozdeliť na viac miest, ktoré by som navštívila úplne najradšej zo všetkých. Jedným z nich je jednoznačne New York, kde je toho toľko, čo by som si pozrela! Nemohla by som vynechať mrakodrapy, Central Park, Brooklyn Bridge a veľa ďalšieho.. Zaujal ma hlavne budovami, svojou architektúrou a tým čarom, čo zrejme láka každého.
hawaii-florida
✈ Florida, Hawaii - Floridu by som navštívila najradšej kvôli Universal Studios, kde je toho veľmi veľa a hlavne aj Harry Potter Svet a taktiež aj Disney World, ktorý je mojím snom už od malička. A od malička túžim íst na Hawaiiské ostrovy, kde to vyzerá tiež krásne. Tam by som si vyskúšala surfovanie a nejaké tie túry, pretože tam je tiež krásna príroda.
la-sf
✈ Los Angeles, San Francisco - Los Angeles ma ako menšiu lákalo určite viac ako teraz, ale stále by som sa tam rada pozrela. Tam by som najradšej videla chodník slávy, Observatórium a nápis Hollywood. Určite by som však nevynechala návštevu San Francisca, kde by som si pozrela Golden Gate Bridge, slávne farebné domy, väzenie Alcatraz a povozila by som sa na vláčiku.
paris
✈ France - Musím povedať, že Paríž ma neláka až tak, ako ostatné miesta v tomto článku, ale nemôžem povedať, že by sa mi tá architektúra a celkovo parížsky štýl nepáčil. Najradšej by som si tam sadla do nejakej kaviarne, pozrela Louvre a samozrejme aj Eiffelovku. Čo ma však ešte vo Francúzsku láka sú ich levanduľové polia.
italy
✈ Italy - Taliansko na mňa pôsobí ako veľmi pekná krajina. Viac ako ich more ma lákajú ich mestá a to hlavne Rím, Milano, Manarola a Benátky. Tiež by som tam navštívila zrejme tie basic turistické destinácie a určite by som nevynechala ani taliansku pizzu a cestoviny, pretože práve talianska kuchyňa je moja obľúbená.

          Facing extinction from rising seas, Maldives establishes fund to buy homeland abroad        
The Maldives will establish a trust fund to buy a homeland abroad once rising sea levels swamp the island nation, says Mohamed Nasheed, president-elect of the Maldives. The funds would come from the country's revenue from tourism.
          Water Villas in Maldives        



This looks like a real perfect getaway
being surrounded by the best
nature can offer
and with all the luxurious
amenities readily available too.
Oh and that crystal clear beach
is so inviting
and a personal pool too
right in your own Water Villa.













via Milaidhoo
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our team is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italia, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Mexico, Netherlands, South Africa, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. To get the additional information and place the order just visit our website: http://www.salepassportsfake.cc www. salepassportsfake.cc >> Contact e-mails: General support: support@salepassportsfake.cc Technical support: admin@salepassportsfake.cc ----------------------------- Keywords: sell false/fake ID card of Afghanistan sell false/fake ID card of Albania sell false/fake ID card of Algeria sell false/fake ID card of Andorra sell false/fake ID card of Angola sell false/fake ID card of Antigua & Deps sell false/fake ID card of Argentina sell false/fake ID card of Armenia sell false/fake ID card of Australia sell false/fake ID card of Austria sell false/fake ID card of Azerbaijan sell false/fake ID card of Bahamas sell false/fake ID card of Bahrain sell false/fake ID card of Bangladesh sell false/fake ID card of Barbados sell false/fake ID card of Belarus sell false/fake ID card of Belgium sell false/fake ID card of Belize sell false/fake ID card of Benin sell false/fake ID card of 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          My hOtel: a review of W Maldives        

The Maldives is, without a doubt, my favourite place in the world. I won’t even pretend it isn’t. And on a recent trip, I got to spend 6 days and explore the very sexy W Maldives. Located in the North Atoll, the 78-room resort is only accessible by seaplane, which can take between 25-45 minutes […]

The post My hOtel: a review of W Maldives appeared first on Mrs. O Around the World - a luxury travel blog by Ana Silva O'Reilly.


          A hotel to remember: Baros Maldives        

When I ‘announced’ that I was going to Baros Maldives on a recent trip, something quite special happened: I had literally dozens of readers comment and react to the news in a very unique way. Why? Because many of you have discovered this Maldivian secret paradise and have been going back year after year. Having been […]

The post A hotel to remember: Baros Maldives appeared first on Mrs. O Around the World - a luxury travel blog by Ana Silva O'Reilly.


          A hotel to remember: Velassaru Maldives        

Returning to the Maldives never stops getting exciting for me. But when you actually return to the same hotel, because you really really loved it (namely when you have 100+ to choose from) it means something. And Velassaru Maldives, which is a member of Small Luxury Hotels of the World really has a special place […]

The post A hotel to remember: Velassaru Maldives appeared first on Mrs. O Around the World - a luxury travel blog by Ana Silva O'Reilly.


          A luxury holiday at the Coco Bodhu Hithi in the Maldives        

I will be honest – the Maldives is my favourite place in the world. You would think it would be incredibly hard to pick a place, but I cannot lie. So for the third time in as many years, Mr. O and yours truly returned to this beautiful part of the world to celebrate my […]

The post A luxury holiday at the Coco Bodhu Hithi in the Maldives appeared first on Mrs. O Around the World - a luxury travel blog by Ana Silva O'Reilly.


          Eating the Globe: Zimbabwe        

I tried cooking Zimbabwean beef stew last weekend. It was rather unremarkable. The recipe called for virtually no spices. I cut the meat portion in half and doubled the curry powder, and it was still bland. It was straight out of a 1950s American cookbook-- tasteless. I added the spinach and rice, which were not called for in the recipe.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Tunisia, Zimbabwe
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Day-to-day life in a temporary camp        
A 12 year old's story of how the tsunami affected his life and that of his family, in the Maldives.
          Maldivians March to Mark Anniversary of Local Journalist's Disappearance        
Image via the Facebook page of Secular Democratic Maldives Movement
Image via the Facebook page of Secular Democratic Maldives Movement


It has been 365 days since Maldivian journalist, blogger and human rights advocate Ahmed Rizwan Abdulla went missing. The 28-year-old, who works for online news site Minivan News, is an advocate of democracy and free speech and a prolific social media user.

There has been no real progress in the investigation and the people behind his abduction have not been identified. The Maldivian Police and the government have remained silent.

Rilwan's friend Yameen Rasheed describes what has happened in the space of a year:
To demand action and accountability from the state, Rilwan’s well-wishers started the #FindMoyameehaa campaign – the first of its kind in the Maldives. The campaign has organized rallies, petitions, public events, awareness programs on the streets, and also engages the public on social media. The #FindMoyameehaa campaign has drawn widespread attention and international press coverage, and also generated responses – including statements from IFJ, SAMSN, Amnesty International, Reporters Without Borders, the Human Rights Commission of the Maldives, and various national and international bodies.
On July 8, 2015 Rilwan’s family called for an independent public inquiry into the disappearance and the lapses in the investigation.

On August 6, Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) urged Maldives to launch an independent investigation into Rilwan's case.
To mark one year of his disappearance, the family has requested a public rally on August 8 to remind the state of its duty to protect journalists and enforce the law. The opposition Maldives Democratic party has endorsed the rally.

Maldivians are using hashtags #suvaalumarch and #findmoyameeha to spread word about the rally:
And people still have hope:

The post was also published in Global Voices Online.

          Inilah Kehebatan Indonesia !!        
Trans Studio Makassar Theme Park

Masih Simpang Siur, Ada Yang Mengatakan Theme Park Yang Terletak Di Makasar Sulawesi, Ini Akan Menjadi Theme Park Indoor Terbesar Di Dunia. Padahal Di Amerika Serikat Ada Theme Park Indoor Paling Besar Yang Luas Nya Seperti Sebuah Kota Kecil. Yang Pasti Ini Akan Menjadi Yang Terbesar Di Asia. Separuh Pembangunan Telah Selesai 2009 Ini, Dan Masih Berlanjut Hingga 2010. Konsep Theme Park Ini Seperti Universal Studio Yang Benar2 Terdesign baik, Tidak Seperti Dufan Yang Asal Caplok.

Menara Jakarta

Akan Menjadi Menara (Bukan Gedung) Tertinggi di Indonesia, Sekaligus Di Dunia (Bukan Gedung Loh, Tapi Menara) Mengalahkan Menara Tertinggi Di Dunia Saat Ini, Menara Toronto.Menara Yang Sempat Akan Di Bangun Pada Jaman Orde Baru, Sempat Terhenti Akibat Krisis Moneter. Dan Skrg Sedang Dilanjutkan Pembangunan nya. Ketika Selesai, Akan Menjadi Menara Tertinggi Di Dunia, Function Hall, Tempat Ibadah, Dan Ikon Baru Indonesia

St Moritz

Akan Menjadi Superblock Dengan Apartment, Mall, Sekolah International, Rumah Sakit International, dll. Terdapat Gedung Tertinggi Di Indonesia Pada Saat Selesai Nanti nya. Terletak Di Area Puri Indah, Jakarta Barat

Jembatan Suramadu

Masuk 10 Besar Jembatan Terpanjang Di Dunia. Sayang Saya Malu Melihat Warga Sekitar Yang Mencuri Mur, Baut, Lampu2 di Sekitar Jembatan. Padahal Baru Saja Di Resmikan


Jembatan Selat Sunda

Akan Menjadi Jembatan Terpanjang ke 3 Di Dunia, yang Akan Di Lintasi Kereta Api

Regata Apartment

Terletak di Pantai Mutiara...Didesign Oleh Arsitektur Pencipta Burj Al'arab, Hotel Bintang 6 Di Dubai Yang Merupakan Salah Satu Hotel Termahal Di Dunia. Apartment Ini Masih Dalam Tahap Pembangunan. 3 Menara nya Sudah di Bangun.

The Peak Apartment

The Tallest Twin Apartment in the World!
Memang Sekeliling Apartment Ini Terdapat Rumah2 Kumuh.

Bali, Best Island in the World

Mengalahkan the Galapagos in Ecuador, Cape Breton in Canada, Kauai in Hawaii, Mount Desert in the United States, Maui in Hawaii, the Aeolian in Greece, the Maldives, Big and Vancouver. Menurut Majalah Travel And Leisure Amerika

Borobudur

Ini Merupakan WORLD's BIGGEST BUDDIST TEMPLE. Terletak di Jawa Tengah dan Dianggap Sebagai Situs Kebudayaan Dunia Oleh UNESCO. Dibangun Sekitar Tahun 800 Setelah Masehi. Kalau Saat SD Kita Sering Diajarkan Bahwa Borobudur Merupakan Salah Satu Keajaiban Dunia, Itu Merupakan KesalahPahaman. Karena Tidak Ada Bukti Yang mengarah Kesana.

Garuda Wisnu Kencana

AKan Menjadi Patung Tertinggi Di Dunia Pada Saat Selesai Pembuatan Keseluruhannya, Mengalahkan Patung Liberti Di Amerika. Patung Ini Terletak Di Bali.

Kanguru Pohon Mantel Emas

binatang kanguru yg di perkirakan sudah punah, di temukan kembali di papua

Komodo Dragon

Satu Dari Sekian Binatang Purba yg Masih Hidup Di Dunia. Di Calonkan Menjadi Salah Satu Keajaiban Dunia.

Situs Sangiran

Tempat Ditemukan Fossil Manusia Purba Pertama Di Dunia "Pithecanthropus erectus" di Pulau Jawa. Tahun 1996 Diresmikan Oleh UNESCO, sebagai Situs Kebudayaan Dunia

- Republik Indonesia merupakan Negara kepulauan terbesar di dunia yang terdiri dari 17.504 pulau (termasuk 9.634 pulau yang belum diberi nama dan 6.000 pulau yang tidak berpenghuni).

- Disini ada 3 dari 6 pulau terbesar didunia, yaitu : Kalimantan (pulau terbesar ketiga di dunia dgn luas 539.460 km2), Sumatera (473.606 km2) dan Papua (421.981 km2)

- Indonesia adalah Negara maritim terbesar di dunia dengan perairan seluas 93 ribu km2 dan panjang pantai sekitar 81 ribu km2 atau hampir 25% panjang pantai di dunia.

- Pulau Jawa adalah pulau terpadat di dunia dimana sekitar 60% hampir penduduk Indonesia (sekitar 130 jt jiwa) tinggal di pulau yang luasnya hanya 7% dari seluruh wilayah RI.

- Indonesia merupakan Negara dengan suku bangsa yang terbanyak di dunia. Terdapat lebih dari 740 suku bangsa/etnis, dimana di Papua saja terdapat 270 suku.
- Negara dengan bahasa daerah yang terbanyak, yaitu, 583 bahasa dan dialek dari 67 bahasa induk yang digunakan berbagai suku bangsa di Indonesia . Bahasa nasional adalah bahasa Indonesia walaupun bahasa daerah dengan jumlah pemakai terbanyak di Indonesia adalah bahasa Jawa.

- Indonesia adalah negara muslim terbesar di dunia. Jumlah pemeluk agama Islam di Indonesia sekitar 216 juta jiwa atau 88% dari penduduk Indonesia . Juga memiliki jumlah masjid terbanyak dan Negara asal jamaah haji terbesar di dunia.

- Monumen Budha (candi) terbesar di dunia adalah Candi Borobudur di Jawa Tengah dengan tinggi 42 meter (10 tingkat) dan panjang relief lebih dari 1 km. Diperkirakan dibuat selama 40 tahun oleh Dinasti Syailendra pada masa kerajaan Mataram Kuno (750-850).

- Tempat ditemukannya manusia purba tertua di dunia, yaitu : Pithecanthropus Erectusʼ¬ yang diperkirakan berasal dari 1,8 juta tahun yang lalu.

- Republik Indonesia adalah Negara pertama yang lahir sesudah berakhirnya Perang Dunia II pada tahun 1945. RI merupakan Negara ke 70 tertua di dunia.

- Indonesia adalah Negara pertama (hingga kini satu-satunya) yang pernah keluar dari Perserikatan Bangsa Bangsa (PBB) pada tgl 7 Januari 1965. RI bergabung kembali ke dalam PBB pada tahun 1966.

- Tim bulutangkis Indonesia adalah yang terbanyak merebut lambang supremasi bulutangkis pria, Thomas Cup, yaitu sebanyak 13 x (pertama kali th 1958 & terakhir 2002).

- Indonesia adalah penghasil gas alam cair (LNG) terbesar di dunia (20% dari suplai seluruh dunia) juga produsen timah terbesar kedua.

-Indonesia menempati peringkat 1 dalam produk pertanian, yaitu : cengkeh (cloves) & pala (nutmeg), serta no.2 dalam karet alam (Natural Rubber) dan minyak sawit mentah (Crude Palm Oil).

- Indonesia adalah pengekspor terbesar kayu lapis (plywood), yaitu sekitar 80% di pasar dunia.

- Terumbu Karang (Coral Reef) Indonesia adalah yang terkaya (18% dari total dunia).

- Indonesia memiliki species ikan hiu terbanyak didunia yaitu 150 species.

- Biodiversity Anggrek terbeser didunia : 6 ribu jenis anggrek, mulai dari yang terbesar (Anggrek Macan atau Grammatophyllum Speciosum) sampai yang terkecil (Taeniophyllum, yang tidak berdaun), termasuk Anggrek Hitam yang langka dan hanya terdapat di Papua.

- Memiliki hutan bakau terbesar di dunia. Tanaman ini bermanfaat ntuk mencegah pengikisan air laut/abrasi.

- Binatang purba yang masih hidup : Komodo yang hanya terdapat di pulau Komodo, NTT adalah kadal terbesar di dunia. Panjangnya bias mencapai 3 meter dan beratnya 90 kg.

- Rafflesia Arnoldi yang tumbuh di Sumatera adalah bunga terbesar di dunia. Ketika bunganya mekar, diameternya mencapai 1 meter.

- Memiliki primata terkecil di dunia , yaitu Tarsier Pygmy (Tarsius Pumilus) atau disebut juga Tarsier Gunung yang panjangnya hanya 10 cm. Hewan yang mirip monyet dan hidupnya diatas pohon ini terdapat di Sulawesi.

- Tempat ditemukannya ular terpanjang di dunia yaitu, Python Reticulates sepanjang 10 meter di Sulawesi.

- Ikan terkecil di dunia yang ditemukan baru-baru ini di rawa-rawa berlumpur Sumatera. Panjang 7,9 mm ketika dewasa atau kurang lebih sebesar nyamuk. Tubuh ikan ini transparan dan tidak mempunyai tulang kepala.

          9 Tempat Bulan Madu Favorit        

1. The Seychelles

Daerah ini adalah daerah favorit dan menduduki peringkat pertama bagi banyak pasangan bulan madu. Terletak di Samudera Hindia, tempat ini menawakan pantai dengan pasir putih, laut jernih, dan beberapa makanan segar yang unik.

2. Marrakech, Maroko

Marrakech adalah tujuan bulan madu yang sempurna. Honeymooners bisa beristirahat dan bersantai, sambil menikmati wisata budaya yang luar biasa dan pemandangan kota yang sangat indah. Selain itu honeymooners bisa mencicipi menu masakan lokal yang lezat dan dapat naik unta romantis keliling kota.

3. Jamaica
Ini adalah daerah bulan madu favorit ketiga yang dipilih honeymooners. Terletak di Laut Karibia, daerah ini memiliki beberapa pantai yang paling indah di dunia yang benar-benar murni.

4. Las Vegas
Dulu, kota ini dijuluki kota pendosa, tapi citra itu pupus dengan makin banyaknya, pasangan pengantin baru yang menjadikan kota ini sebagai kota tujuan bulan madu. Untuk yang gemar berpetualang dan dugem, kota ini memang sangat cocok untuk didatangi.

5. Bulgaria
Mungkin kejutan terbesar jika kota Bulgaria masuk dalam daftar. Terletak di Eropa Tenggara, kota ini dikenal memiliki sejarah dan budaya beragam. Pantainya pun kabarnya menawarkan keindahan bagi honeymooners.Hari ini i-dus.com bertemakan tentang"9 Tempat Bulan Madu Favorit

6. Jepang
Sebagai negara adikuasa, dan negara pengekspor ke empat di dunia, tidak mengherankan jika industri pariwisatanya pun mengalami kenaikan luar biasa. Jepang dikenal memiliki keunikan dalam kuliner karena menyehatkan. Khusus tempat wisatanya, Jepang memiliki sejumlah tempat bersejarah yang merupakan tempat favorit untuk berlibur bersama keluarga

7. Mesir
Mesir adalah negara yang memiliki segalanya. Mulai dari akses ke Laut Merah, lokasi wisata bawah laut yang menarik, hingga lokasi wisata skuba yang menarik. Pantai di Mesir juga dikenal sangat eksotis dan merupakan satu dari tujuh keajaiban dunia.

8. Thailand
Thailand lebih dikenal dengan wisata pantai dan keanekaragaman budaya yang menarik. Mulai dari The Temple of The Emerald Buddha, atau wisata belanja di Bangkok yang juga merupakan surga bagi shopacholic (penggemar belanja). Thailand juga dikenal dengan wisata seksnya yang bisa dijadikan ajang uji nyali bagi pasangan pengantin baru.

9. The Maldives
Maldives adalah satu negara kecil di kawasan Asia. Daerah ini dikenal sebagai negara berkembang dengan pertumbuhan ekonomi yang terus naik dari tahun ke tahun. Di daerah ini, para honeymooners bisa melakukan perjalanan wisata alam, yang memang menjadi ciri khas dari negara ini.

Meski ada beberapa kota seperti Venice dan Paris yang disebut-sebut sebagai kota romantis di dunia, tapi kedua kota ini tidak termasuk dalam peringkat 9 pilihan honeymooners. Beberapa tempat di atas diambil berdasarkan hasil polling.

          US embassies attacked as anti-Islam film protests widen        



Protesters angered by a film made in the US and mocking Islam have attacked Western embassies in Tunisia and Sudan.

Footage shows protesters in Khartoum storming the German embassy























Protesters in Khartoum entered the US compound, while the German and UK embassies were also attacked. The US compound in Tunis was also breached by protesters, who started a fire in the car park as police fired shots.

There were further clashes in Yemen and Egypt. One person in Lebanon has died.

Protests began on Tuesday against the film, which was made in the US.

However, the film - clips of which were dubbed into Arabic and distributed online - has no link to either Germany or the UK.

It depicts the Prophet Muhammad as a womaniser and leader of a group of men who enjoy killing.

The film's exact origin and the motivation behind its production remain a mystery.

'March abandoned'

In Tunisia, hundreds of protesters entered the embassy compound and set fire to several vehicles in the car park.

Police have fired shots, but it is not clear whether these are rubber bullets or live rounds.

Demonstrators raised a black flag bearing the Islamic proclamation of faith: "There is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger."

The American school in Tunis has also been set on fire.

The German embassy in Khartoum was set partially alight. Demonstrators tore down the German flag and hoisted an Islamic banner in its place.

The German foreign ministry confirmed all its staff in Khartoum were safe.

In Cairo, police firing tear gas pushed about 500 protesters back from the US embassy. The streets nearby have been blocked with barbed wire, concrete and police vehicles.

Islamist groups and others had called for a peaceful "million-man march" in the city, but a number withdrew those calls on Friday.

The Muslim Brotherhood of Egyptian President Mohammed Mursi said it would organise marches and sit-ins in front of mosques - but none outside the US embassy in Cairo.

After talks with Italian leaders in Rome, Mr Mursi reiterated his government's determination to protect foreign diplomats on its soil. He also condemned the film as unacceptable.

In other developments:
In the Yemeni capital Sanaa, security forces fired warning shots and water cannon to disperse protesters near the US embassy
The US is sending a fast-response team of 50 marines to Sanaa to boost security
In the Lebanese city of Tripoli, protesters set fire to a KFC branch, sparking clashes with security forces
In Bangladesh, thousands of demonstrators demanded harsh punishment for the film's makers, and burned the American flag
In London, about 200 protesters gathered outside the US embassy, burning the US and Israeli flags but there was no violence
About 1,000 people joined a protest in the eastern Afghan city of Jalalabad, burning an effigy of US President Barack Obama
The US embassy in Brussels has been evacuated
Thousands of Palestinians demonstrated in the Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem
In Nigeria, police in the flashpoint northern city of Jos fired live round at a protest outside a mosque
There were also protests in eastern Sri Lanka and in the Maldives

The protests against the film began on Tuesday in Cairo.

They spread to the Libyan city of Benghazi, where demonstrators stormed the US consulate, killing the ambassador and three other Americans.

US President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton are attending a ceremony at Andrews Air Force Base for the return of the remains of the Americans killed.

The US has said it is stepping up security at its diplomatic missions around the world in the wake of the attack.

The BBC has been told that the US consulate in Benghazi was not given the standard security contract offered to most US diplomatic missions in the Middle East.

The allegation came from Western private military contractors.

A White House spokesman has said there was no "actionable intelligence" in advance about the Benghazi attack.

President Obama has now ordered a review of security at US diplomatic facilities around the world.

          Les Emirats d'Arabes Unis = E.A.U.        

Les Émirats Arabes Unis, abrégés en E.A.U., en forme longue l'État des Émirats Arabes Unis, en arabe al-ʾImārāt al-ʿarabiyyat al-muttaḥida, الإمارات العربية المتحدة, et Dawlat al-ʾImārāt al-ʿarabiyyat al-muttaḥida, دولة الإمارات العربيّة المتّحدة, sont un État fédéral.

Créé en 1971, il regroupe sept émirats :

Abou Dabi,

Ajman,

Charjah ou Sharjah,

Dubaï,

Fujaïrah,

Ras el Khaïmah

Oumm al Qaïwaïn[].

Ils sont situés au Moyen-Orient, entre le golfe Persique et le golfe d'Oman.

La ville d'Abou Dabi est la capitale fédérale du pays.

Les Émirats sont l'un des plus importants producteurs et exportateurs de pétrole.
Les principales réserves gazières et pétrolières sont dans l'émirat d'Abou Dabi, qui fut déjà membre de l'Organisation des pays exportateurs de pétrole avant la création de la fédération.
L'émirat de Dubaï s'est lui tourné depuis quelques années vers de nouvelles ressources telles que les ports francs, les nouvelles technologies mais surtout le tourisme de luxe. La ville de Dubaï est d'ailleurs devenue la capitale économique de la fédération.

Préhistoire

De récentes découvertes faites dans les Monts Hajar permettent de retracer l'histoire des Émirats arabes unis à l'apparition des premiers hommes dans la région, il y a plus de 7500 ans. Ces peuples entretenaient déjà des relations avec les civilisations du Nord, qui sont peu à peu devenues des partenaires commerciaux importants.

Conquête islamique

Devenu une véritable plaque tournante pour le commerce, le port d'Omana (à présent Umm al-Qaiwain), est utilisé par les marchands pour transporter leur marchandise de la Syrie et du sud de l'Irak jusqu'en Inde. Le commerce de perles commence à se développer et à s'imposer comme un commerce important dans la région.

En 630 après J.-C., les émissaires de Mahomet arrivent dans la région, et convertissent la population à l'islam. Les armées islamiques se servent de Julfar (à présent Ras el Khaïmah) comme avant-poste pour conquérir l'Iran. Au fil du temps, Julfar devient un centre perlier et un port important pour le commerce dans l'océan Indien.

Conquêtes européennes

Au XVIe siècle, alors que les grandes puissances européennes se disputent le contrôle de l'océan Indien, les Portugais luttent contre les populations arabes de Julfar et d'autres ports dans le Golfe. À l'intérieur des terres, de grandes familles commencent à prendre le contrôle de différents émirats. À cause de sa puissance, la famille des Qawasim attire notamment l'attention des Britanniques, voulant s'assurer le contrôle des routes de commerce.

Les Bani Yas règnent sur l'oasis de Liwa, centre des activités économiques de la région, depuis le début du XVIe siècle. Au début des années 1790, une branche des Bani Yas, les Al Bu Falah, s'installe à Abou Dabi sous le pouvoir d'un cheikh de la famille Al Nahyan. Peu après, en 1833, une autre branche de la tribu des Bani Yas, les Al Bu Falasah, s'établit sur Khor Dubaï (« rivière de Dubaï »), instaurant ainsi la domination des Al Maktoum dans cet endroit.

 

Les États de la Trêve

Après la défaite des Qawasim, en 1820, les Britanniques signent une série d'accords et de traités avec les cheikhs de chaque émirat de la côte du Golfe, celui de 1853 garantissant l'arrêt de la piraterie contre les navires britanniques, d'où le nom des États de la Trêve (en anglais : Trucial States) donné aux actuels Émirats et 4 autres (Dibba, Hamriyah, Kalba et Hira). Les Britanniques prennent soin de renforcer les liens qui les lient aux États de la Trêve, afin de freiner les convoitises d’autres grandes puissances européennes..

En 1892, un nouveau traité érige les États de la Trêve en protectorat et les fait entrer dans l'empire colonial britannique. Il les engage à ne pas entretenir de relations diplomatiques avec des pays autres que le Royaume-Uni sans le consentement de ce dernier. En retour, le Royaume-Uni garantit la protection des États de la Trêve contre toute attaque maritime ou terrestre.

Cette période de calme permet à l’industrie perlière de prospérer à la fin du XIXe siècle et au début du XXe siècle. Cependant, les deux guerres mondiales ont un effet très néfaste sur cette industrie, qui finit par s’éteindre juste après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, lorsque le gouvernement indien se met à imposer des taxes sur les perles importées du Golfe.

Au début des années 1960, un premier gisement de pétrole est découvert à Abou Dabi, ce qui permet le développement rapide de l’émirat, sous la conduite du cheikh Zayed ben Sultan Al Nahyane, qui fait construire des écoles, des hôpitaux, des logements et des routes. Dubaï est également gagné par cet élan de développement économique, aidé par les recettes des exportations pétrolières. Les différents émirats commencent à se rapprocher et à reprendre le contrôle des mains des Anglais, notamment en formant un conseil qui leur permet de décider eux-mêmes des enjeux politiques les concernant. À la tête de ce conseil se trouve Adi Bitar, le conseiller du cheikh Rashid ben Saeed Al Maktoum. Enfin, en 1968, les Britanniques se retirent de la région et mettent fin aux États de la Trêve, composés également des États du Bahrein et du Qatar.

Les 9 États tentent de former une union, mais ne parvenant pas à se mettre d’accord, Bahreïn et Qatar déclarent leur indépendance respectivement en août et en septembre 1971.

Le 2 décembre 1971, six des sept émirats restant accèdent à l'indépendance en formant aussitôt une fédération qui prend le nom d'« Émirats arabes unis ». Ils seront rejoints en 1972 par le septième émirat celui de Ras el Khaïmah. Le pays connaît alors une importante période de développement économique et démographique.

 

La construction d'une nation

La prospérité et le développement moderne que connaissent aujourd'hui les Émirats arabes unis sont en grande partie le fruit des efforts de Zayid, premier président des E.A.U. Le nouvel État nait dans une période d'instabilité politique dans la région. Deux jours avant sa création, l'Iran reprend le contrôle des îles de la Petite et Grande Tunb, qui font partie de l'émirat de Ras el Khaïmah. Des troupes iraniennes débarquent également à Abu Moussa, un territoire de l'émirat de Charjah.

Zayid est élu premier président des EAU en 1971, puis réélu tous les cinq ans jusqu’à sa mort en 2004. Il jouit d’un grand prestige sur la scène internationale, grâce à son plus grand respect des lois humanitaires international et à ses efforts pour maintenir la paix dans la région. Sous sa présidence, les EAU envoient des troupes afin de combattre pour la libération du Koweït en 1990-1991, et contribuent au mouvement pour le maintien de la paix au Kosovo.

Sous son influence, les EAU connaissent un essor économique leur permettant de se développer rapidement, et de devenir une force importante dans la région. Estimant que tous les citoyens ont leur rôle à jouer dans la construction du pays, Zayid prend des mesures pour améliorer le statut des femmes dans la société, en facilitant leur accès à l'éducation, et en leur donnant une place plus importante dans la vie politique du pays.

À sa mort, son fils aîné, le cheikh Khalifa ben Zayed Al Nahyane, lui succède en qualité de président des EAU et de souverain d'Abou Dabi.

En 2011, le pays n’est pas touché par la vague de protestations et révolutions dans le monde arabe en 2010-2011, mais le gouvernement prend une série de mesures d’achat de la paix sociales et de mesures répressives en prévention.

États et territoires

Les Émirats arabes unis sont subdivisés en sept émirats, eux-mêmes formés de plusieurs enclaves dont les frontières ont été abolies mais dont la souveraineté est parfois floue.

Abou Dabi est l’émirat le plus grand, occupe 87 % de la superficie totale du pays (67 340 km2), sa capitale Abou Dabi est également le siège du gouvernement fédéral des sept émirats.

L’émirat de Dubaï, qui s’étend le long du golfe Persique sur 72 km et occupe 5 % de la superficie totale du pays, soit environ 3 885 km2.

L’émirat de Charjah s’étend sur 16 km sur la côte et sur 80 km à l’intérieur des terres.

Les émirats du nord Ajman (le plus petit d'entre eux avec seulement 259 km2), Fujaïrah, Ras el Khaïmah et Oumm al Qaïwaïn ont une superficie totale de 3,881 km² et occupent 5 % de la superficie totale du pays.

Démographie

D'après l'institut officiel de statistique, les Émirats arabes unis comptaient 8 264 070 habitants en 2010 dont 7 316 073 étrangers, soit 88,5 % de la population.

La moitié de la population des émirats est originaire du sous-continent indien (Inde, Pakistan, Maldives, etc), le reste provenant des autres pays arabes, d'Iran et d'Asie du Sud-Est (Malaisie, Indonésie, etc.).

Les Émirats arabes unis possèdent l'un des taux d'immigration les plus élevés au monde[]. Leur population a ainsi doublé entre 2005 et 2010[].

En 2007, on recense près de 700 000 travailleurs immigrés à Dubaï.

Les plus grandes agglomérations émiraties sont en 2010 celles de :

  • Dubaï avec 2 322 121 habitants (dont les villes de Dubaï avec 1 616 430 habitants et de Charjah dont 852 244 habitants)
  • Abou Dabi avec 599 773 habitants.
  • Al Ain avec 470 328 habitants.

Stupéfiants

L’importation, la consommation, la production ou la détention de stupéfiants (résine de cannabis, haschich, marijuana, héroïne, cocaïne) ou de substances considérées comme stupéfiants (un précédent avec un médicament contenant de la codéine), même en quantité infinitésimale (de l’ordre du milligramme) sont totalement interdites et sévèrement punies.

Alcool

Les résidents non musulmans peuvent acheter de l’alcool dans les magasins habilités s’ils possèdent une licence d’alcool (obtenue sous certaines conditions). Bien que la consommation de boissons alcoolisées soit autorisée dans les hôtels et les restaurants pour les non musulmans (dans tous les Émirats sauf celui de Charjah), la présence d’alcool dans le sang d’un conducteur est un délit.

La consommation d’alcool est, par ailleurs, interdite dans tous les Émirats pendant les fêtes religieuses et il est interdit d’offrir des boissons alcoolisées à un musulman.

La consommation d'alcool est strictement interdite aux personnes de moins de 21 ans.

 

Internet

Les EAU bloquent l'accès à l'intégralité des sites israéliens. Ils tentent de faire de même pour les sites homosexuels, de rencontres en anglais (mais pas en arabe), et quelques-uns au contenu politique. À Dubaï, les emails et les conversations téléphoniques sont sous surveillance ; aucune loi n'existe concernant la protection de la vie privée.

Les E.A.U. possèdent la plus grande compagnie aérienne au Moyen-Orient: Emirates Airline. Son hub est l’aéroport international de Dubaï et elle dessert plus de 100 destinations et 6 continents. Emirates est la compagnie aérienne qui a transporté le plus de passagers internationaux dans le monde

Etihad Airways, la compagnie aérienne d’Abou Dabi, est également en plein essor avec plus de 200 avions en cours d’acquisition.

 


          Calendrier d'établissement des rapports sur l'application de la Convention-cadre - Pays Africains concernés        
Calendrier d’établissement des rapports des Parties sur la Convention-cadre de l’OMS pour la lutte antitabac. Pays Africains Party Date pour soumettre le premier rapport Date first report submitted to Convention Secretariat Date pour soumettre le second rapport 5. Seychelles 27 February 2007 2 March 2007 27 February 2010 15. Mauritius 27 February 2007 27 February 2007 27 February 2010 16. Maldives 27 February 2007 15 February 2007 27 February 2010 22. Kenya 27 February 2007 4 April 2007 27 February 2010 32. Madagascar 27 February 2007 28 February 2007 27 February 2010 39. Ghana 27 February 2007 28 February 2007...
          DEATH BY DROWNING - THE NEXT PHASE OF INDOCTRINATION? - PART 3        

"Rising Sea Levels"???


The first two articles in this series (http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2010/09/death-by-drowning-next-phase-of.html and http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2010/09/death-by-drowning-next-phase-of_29.html) looked at the possible motives of two publishing companies (Bloomsbury in the UK and McFarlane and Co. in the USA) for getting involved in what looks like a very small (and reducing?) niche market, the climate change debate.


UPDATES:

2013-05-27: Footnote 1 updated with a comment from Dr. Nils Axel-Morner on St. Louis, Senegal. 


Part 1 questioned whether Bloomsbury was motivated by altruism (not apparent) or by vested individual interest beyond the direct interests of the company itself (a possibility). Bloomsbury had reported falling profits for several years up to 2010, e.g. a 2008 report “Bloomsbury profit to fade without Harry Potter or JK Rowling” in the Sundy Times (http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/business/industries/media/article2176591.ece) suggests a reason for this. Bloomsbury was the subject of a degree of Master of Publishing project “Acquiring Knowledge: Bloomsbury’s Foray into the Academic and Online Markets” by Connor Barnsley B.A., Simon Fraser University, 2009, since when Bloomsbury has reported erratic performance (e.g. see http://www.digitallook.com/dl/news/story/20113283/E-book_surge_bolsters_Bloomsbury_profit.html and http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/newsbysector/mediatechnologyandtelecoms/9632697/Bloomsbury-profit-falls-with-sales-of-childrens-books.html).

In that same year 2008 McFarland too reported having difficult economic times. Could the interest in climate change by both Bloomsbury and McFarland be simply an attempt to jump on an UN-driven Catastrophic Anthropogenic Climate Change (CACC) gravy train? If so then they may have missed out. Although at that time the train was powering along the track following the IPCC’s scary Fourth Assessment Report in 2007 it has been experiencing serious engine trouble since 2009 following Climategate. As a consequence of that and subsequent IPCC-gate scandals it could to be heading off the rails completely.

Part 2 of this series focussed on a booklet “Rising Sea Levels” that McFarland had commissioned with a former US diplomat-turned writer. This booklet, which was published in 2012, was originally to be written by Hunt Janin and Ursula Carlson (a writing and literature teacher). The eventual authors were Hunt Janin and Scott Mandia, a physical sciences teacher and staunch supporter of the CACC hypothesis. It is noticeable that the list of people acknowledged for helping the authors (http://www.amazon.co.uk/Rising-Sea-Levels-Introduction-Impact/dp/0786459565) does not include sea-level expert Dr. Nils-Axel Morner, formerly head of Stockholm University’s Paleogeophysics and Geodynamics Department (http://www.mitosyfraudes.org/Calen7/MornerEng.html) - see Footnote 1 for more on Dr. Morner.

Scott Mandia studied Meteorology to MSc level at Pennsylvania State University (http://www2.sunysuffolk.edu/mandias/_Mandia%20CV.pdf) which may explain why he is such a fervent supporter of the CACC hypothesis. After all, Penn State’s Distinguished Professor of Meteorology is no less than Dr. Michael Mann (http://ploneprod.met.psu.edu/people/mem45) of “Hockey Stick” fame (http://www.amazon.co.uk/Illusion-Climategate-Corruption-Science-Independent/dp/1906768358) – see Footnote 2 for more on Dr. Mann..

Scott Mandia is also “ .. Co-founder and current manager .. ” of the Climate Science Legal Defense Fund (www.climatesciencedefensefund.org) and “ .. Co-founder and current matchmaker .. ” of the Climate Science Rapid Response Team (www.climaterapidresponse.org). Dr. Judith Curry wrote an interesting commentary about that latter organisation and quoted Scott Mandia “ .. After reading that book, I became a climate change evangelist .. ”. Dr. Curry commented that “ .. Scott Mandia’s statements that i cited clearly smack of activism, and of something much more than improving scientific understanding .. ” (http://judithcurry.com/2010/11/24/engaging-the-public-on-the-climate-change-issue/#comment-14632).

Scott Mandia admits to being a climate change evangelist, i.e. he defends or maintains the CACC cause, therefore his pronouncements on CACC cannot be relied upon as being sound science. His co-author Hunt Janin acknowledged knowing virtually nothing about the issue of rising sea levels and trolled the Internet collecting information for his booklet. On that basis it is easy to imagine the message the booklet attempts to promulgate. It is simply another of many CACC propaganda booklets published in support of the politicised science promoted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) for reasons far removed from taking over Nature's job of controlling the different global climates (see "Rio+20 Fiasco - but Beware the Club of Rome and Agenda 21" - http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/rio20-fiasco-but-beware-agenda-21.html).

On the other hand, sea level expert Dr. Nils-Axel Mörner said recently “ .. With very great pleasure did I consume the paper by Faezeh et al. (2013) .. After a careful study of four major marine-terminating outlet glaciers, collectively draining 22% of the Greenland Ice Sheet, they were able to estimate the annual dynamic losses at volumes corresponding to a mean global sea level rise of 0.01–0.06 mm per year. In 100 years this would only give a sea level rise on 1-6 mm, which is insignificant. By applying a hypothetical future warming or 2.8 oC they increase this value to 19–30 mm rise by year 2200 (or about 9-15 mm by year 2100). Even this value is so low that it poses no threat what so ever to humanity .. ” (http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2013/05/consequences-of-greenland-ice-melt.html).

In his 6th Dec. 2012 Science and Public Policy Institute publication "Sea Level is not Rising" Dr. Morner concludes " .. Observational facts indicate that sea level is by no means rapidly rising. It is quite stable. This is the case in key sites like the Maldives, Bangladesh, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Saint Paul Island, Qatar, French Guyana, Venice, and northwest Europe .. I hope that by this research we can free the world from the artificial crisis to which the IPCC has condemned it. There will be no extensive or disastrous global sea-level rise in the near future. That was the main threat in the IPCC’s arsenal of bugaboos, and now it is gone .. " (http://scienceandpublicpolicy.org/images/stories/papers/reprint/sea_level_not_rising.pdf).

Unlike Scott Mandia, Dr. Mörner is not a climate change evangelist trying to indoctrinate community college students with his own opinions on the CACC hypothesisis. Dr. Morner is a highly respected scientist internationally recognised for his expertise regarding sea level research who was President of the INQUA Commission on Sea Level Changes and Coastal Evolution from 1999-2003.

FOOTNOTES:

1) Dr. Nils-Axel Mörner was interviewed by Gregory Murphy on 6th June 2007 for EIR. " .. Dr. Nils-Axel Mörner is the head of the Paleogeophysics and Geodynamics department at Stockholm University in Sweden. He is past president (1999-2003) of the INQUA Commission on Sea Level Changes and Coastal Evolution, and leader of the Maldives Sea Level Project. Dr. Mörner has been studying the sea level and its effects on coastal areas for some 35 years. (http://www.climatechangefacts.info/ClimateChangeDocuments/NilsAxelMornerinterview.pdf)

In his 30th July 2003 paper "SEA LEVEL CHANGES: OBSERVATIONS VERSUS MODELS" presented at the XVI INQUA Congress Dr. Morner said " .. According to the glacial loading models, global sea level is now rising by 2.4 mm/year or 1.8 mm/year. The IPCC models have hypothesised of a very rapid rise in the near future, ranging for original wild estimates of 1-3 m in a century to the presently advocated value of 47 +37 mm in a century. The INQUA Commission on Sea Level Changes and Coastal Evolution .. hosts the true world specialists on sea level research. This commission has presented an observationally based analysis of the present sea level changes and the changes to be expected in the next century. Both the glacial loading models and the ICPP scenarios are strongly contradicted by observational data for the last 100-150 years that cannot have exceeded a mean rate of 1.0-1.1 mm/year. In the last 300 years, sea level has been oscillation close to the present with peak rates in the period 1890-1930. Sea level fell between 1930 and 1950. The late 20th century lacks any sign of acceleration. Satellite altimetry indicates virtually no changes in the last decade. Therefore, observationally based predictions of future sea level in the year 2100 will give a value of +10 +10 cm (or +5 +15 cm), by this discarding model out-puts by IPCC as well as global loading models. In conclusions, there are firm observationally based reasons to free the world from the condemnation to become extensively flooded in the 21st century AD .. " (https://gsa.confex.com/gsa/inqu/finalprogram/abstract_54461.htm).

On 27th May 2013 this comment by Dr. Morner was forwarded by Rev. Philip Foster ( at one time proposed as Principia Scientific International's "Compliance Officer" - see Section 3.8 of "SpotlightON - PSI and PSI Acumen Ltd - http://globalpoliticalshenanigans.blogspot.co.uk/2012/06/spotlighton-principia-scientific.html) QUOTE: ..

Bad planning – no sea level rise
behind “drowning” of St. Louis, Senegal

Comments by Nils-Axel Mörner

It was recently claimed (Times LIVE, May 26) that the City of St. Louis in the delta area of Senegal River in West Africa is on its way of drowning due to climate change.
http://www.timeslive.co.za/scitech/2013/05/26/climate-change-drowning-venice-of-africa

In the text, we learn that “the city is plagued by flooding during the rainy season when the river overflows”. This implies that the flooding has nothing to do with a rising sea level.

Further in the text, we read: “In 2003, heavy rain in the drainage basin of the Senegal River alarmed the authorities who feared the water would rise above critical levels and so dug a new outlet for the river water across the spit. The channel was about 100 metres (328 feet) in length and 4 metres wide but grew rapidly in the first days as the sea flooded into the river mouth and continued to widen to more than 2 kilometres across today”.

So it was the digging of a new channel that altered the conditions and initiated the erosion and flooding into the river. This is bad planning and has nothing to do with “climate change”.

It is a convenient way, however, of transferring the blame on the builder to the blame of climate change – and so they think, they are free of guilt.

Convenient maybe, but neither honest nor ethical.

This is a side of the “climate change” issue that unfortunately has become increasingly common.

 .. UNQUOTE.

2) Dr. Mann wrote a glowing review of the Janin/Mandia booklet QUOTE: ..  "if you’re looking for a comprehensive discussion of one of the most pressing issues on the planet...the threat of global sea level rise...then this is the book for you." -- Michael E. Mann, Penn State University, Nobel Peace Prize winner .. UNQUOTE (http://mcfarlandbooks.com/book-2.php?id=978-0-7864-5956-8).

It appears that Dr. Mann was NOT a “Nobel Peace Prize winner”. “ .. The prize was  awarded to the IPCC as an organization, and not to any individual associated with the IPCC. Thus it is incorrect to refer to any IPCC official, or scientist who worked on IPCC reports, as a Nobel laureate or Nobel Prize winner .. ” (http://www.ipcc.ch/pdf/nobel/Nobel_statement_final.pdf). That the same misleading claim was made on the inside of the front cover of Dr. Mann’s own book “The Hockey Stick and the Climate Wars” (http://www.meteo.psu.edu/holocene/public_html/Mann/books/hockeystick/images/Mann_flyer.pdf). 




          Asal Usul Nama Negara Indonesia        

Sebelum kedatangan bangsa Eropa
PADA zaman purba kepulauan tanah air kita disebut dengan aneka nama.

Dalam catatan bangsa Tionghoa kawasan kepulauan kita dinamai *Nan-hai* (Kepulauan Laut Selatan).Berbagai catatan kuno bangsa India menamai kepulauan ini *Dwipantara* Kepulauan Tanah Seberang), nama yang diturunkan dari kata Sansekerta *dwipa* (pulau) dan *antara* (luar, seberang).

Kisah Ramayana karya pujangga Valmiki yang termasyhur itu menceritakan pencarian terhadap Sinta, istri Rama yang diculik Ravana, sampai ke *Suwarnadwipa* (Pulau Emas, yaitu Sumatra sekarang) yang terletak di Kepulauan Dwipantara.

Bangsa Arab menyebut tanah air kita *Jaza’ir al-Jawi* (Kepulauan Jawa). Nama Latin untuk kemenyan adalah *benzoe*, berasal dari bahasa Arab *luban jawi*(kemenyan Jawa), sebab para pedagang Arab memperoleh kemenyan dari batang pohon *Styrax sumatrana* yang dahulu hanya tumbuh di Sumatra .

Sampai hari ini jemaah **** kita masih sering dipanggil “Jawa” oleh orang Arab. Bahkan orang Indonesia luar Jawa sekalipun. “Samathrah, Sholibis, Sundah, kulluh Jawi (Sumatra, Sulawesi , Sunda, semuanya Jawa)” kata seorang pedagang di Pasar Seng, Mekah.


Masa kedatangan Bangsa Eropa

Lalu tibalah zaman kedatangan orang Eropa ke Asia . Bangsa-bangsa Eropa yang pertama kali datang itu beranggapan bahwa Asia hanya terdiri dari Arab , Persia , India , dan Cina. Bagi mereka, daerah yang terbentang luas antara Persia dan Cina semuanya adalah Hindia”. Semenanjung Asia Selatan mereka sebut “Hindia Muka” dan daratan Asia Tenggara dinamai “Hindia Belakang”. Sedangkan tanah air kita memperoleh nama “Kepulauan Hindia” (*Indische Archipel, Indian Archipelago, l’Archipel Indien*) atau “Hindia Timur” *(Oost
Indie, East Indies , Indes Orientales)* . Nama lain yang juga dipakai adalah “Kepulauan Melayu” (*Maleische Archipel, Malay Archipelago , l’Archipel Malais*).

Ketika tanah air kita terjajah oleh bangsa Belanda, nama resmi yang digunakan adalah *Nederlandsch- Indie* (Hindia Belanda), sedangkan pemerintah pendudukan Jepang 1942-1945 memakai istilah *To-Indo* (Hindia Timur).

Berbagai Usulan Nama

Eduard Douwes Dekker (1820-1887), yang dikenal dengan nama samaran Multatuli, pernah mengusulkan nama yang spesifik untuk menyebutkan kepulauan tanah air kita, yaitu Insulinde*, yang artinya juga “Kepulauan Hindia” (bahasa Latin *insula* berarti pulau).

Eduard Douwes Dekker

Tetapi rupanya nama *Insulinde* ini kurang populer. Bagi orang Bandung , *Insulinde* mungkin cuma dikenal sebagai nama toko buku yang pernah ada di Jalan Otista.

Pada tahun 1920-an, Ernest Francois Eugene Douwes Dekker (1879-1950), yang kita kenal sebagai Dr. Setiabudi (beliau adalah cucu dari adik Multatuli), memopulerkan suatu nama untuk tanah air kita yang tidak mengandung unsur kata “ India ”. Nama itu tiada lain adalah Nusantara, suatu istilah yang telah tenggelam berabad-abad lamanya.

Setiabudi mengambil nama itu dari Pararaton, naskah kuno zaman Majapahit yang ditemukan di Bali pada akhir abad ke-19 Lalu diterjemahkan oleh J.L.A. Brandes dan diterbitkan oleh Nicholaas Johannes Krom pada tahun 1920.

Namun perlu dicatat bahwa pengertian Nusantara yang diusulkan Setiabudi jauh berbeda dengan pengertian, nusantara zaman Majapahit. Pada masa Majapahit Nusantara digunakan untuk menyebutkan pulau-pulau di luar Jawa (antara dalam bahasa Sansekerta artinya luar, seberang) sebagai lawan dari *Jawadwipa*( Pulau Jawa).

Kita tentu pernah mendengar Sumpah Palapa dari Gajah Mada, *”Lamun huwus kalah nusantara, isun amukti palapa” *(Jika telah kalah pulau-pulau seberang, barulah saya menikmati istirahat). Oleh Dr. Setiabudi kata nusantara zaman Majapahit yang berkonotasi jahiliyah itu diberi pengertian yang nasionalistis.

Dengan mengambil kata Melayu asli antara, maka Nusantara kini memiliki arti yang baru yaitu “nusa di antara dua benua dan dua samudra”, sehingga Jawa pun termasuk dalam definisi nusantara yang modern.

Istilah nusantara dari Setiabudi ini dengan cepat menjadi populer penggunaannya sebagai alternatif dari nama Hindia Belanda. Sampai hari ini istilah nusantara tetap kita pakai untuk menyebutkan wilayah tanah air kita dari Sabang sampai Merauke. Tetapi nama resmi bangsa dan negara kita adalah Indonesia . Kini akan kita telusuri dari mana gerangan nama yang sukar bagi lidah Melayu ini muncul.

Nama Indonesia
Pada tahun 1847 di Singapura terbit sebuah majalah ilmiah tahunan, *Journal of the Indian Archipelago and Eastern Asia * (JIAEA), yang dikelola oleh James Richardson Logan (1819-1869), orang Skotlandia yang meraih sarjana hukum dari Universitas Edinburgh. Kemudian pada tahun 1849 seorang ahli etnologi bangsa Inggris, George Samuel Windsor Earl (1813-1865),menggabungkan diri sebagai redaksi majalah JIAEA.

James Richardson Logan


Dalam JIAEA Volume IV tahun 1850, halaman 66-74, Earl menulis artikel *On the Leading Characteristics of the Papuan, Australian and Malay-Polynesian Nations*. Dalam artikelnya itu Earl menegaskan bahwa sudah tiba saatnya bagi penduduk Kepulauan Hindia atau Kepulauan Melayu untuk memiliki nama khas (*a distinctive name*), sebab nama Hindia Tidaklah tepat dan sering rancu dengan penyebutan India yang lain. Earl mengajukan dua pilihan nama: *Indunesia*atau *Malayunesia* (*nesos* dalam bahasa Yunani berarti Pulau).

Pada halaman 71 artikelnya itu tertulis: *… the inhabitants of the Indian Archipelago or malayan Archipelago would become respectively Indunesians or Malayunesians.*

Earl sendiri menyatakan memilih nama *Malayunesia* (Kepulauan Melayu) daripada *Indunesia* (Kepulauan Hindia), sebab *Malayunesia* sangat tepat untuk ras Melayu, sedangkan *Indunesia* bisa juga digunakan untuk Ceylon (Srilanka) dan Maldives (Maladewa). Lagi pula, kata Earl, bukankah bahasa Melayu dipakai di seluruh kepulauan ini? Dalam tulisannya itu Earl memang menggunakan istilah *Malayunesia* dan tidak memakai istilah *Indunesia*. Dalam JIAEA Volume IV itu juga, halaman 252-347, James Richardson Logan menulis artikel *The Ethnology of the Indian Archipelago. * Pada awal tulisannya, Logan pun menyatakan perlunya nama khas bagi kepulauan tanahair kita, sebab istilah “Indian Archipelago” terlalu panjang dan membingungkan.

Logan memungut nama *Indunesia* yang dibuang Earl, dan huruf u digantinya dengan huruf o agar ucapannya lebih baik. Maka lahirlah istilah Indonesia.

Untuk pertama kalinya kata Indonesia muncul di dunia dengan tercetak pada halaman 254 dalam tulisan Logan : *Mr. Earl suggests the ethnographical term Indunesian, but rejects it in favour of Malayunesian. I prefer the purely geographical term Indonesia , which is merely a shorter synonym for the Indian Islands or the Indian Archipelago. * Ketika mengusulkan nama “ Indonesia ” agaknya Logan tidak menyadari bahwa di kemudian hari nama itu akan menjadi nama bangsa dan negara yang jumlah penduduknya peringkat keempat terbesar di muka bumi!

Sejak saat itu Logan secara konsisten menggunakan nama “ Indonesia ” dalam tulisan-tulisan ilmiahnya, dan lambat laun pemakaian istilah ini menyebar di kalangan para ilmuwan bidang etnologi dan geografi. Pada tahun 1884 guru besar etnologi di Universitas Berlin yang bernama Adolf Bastian (1826-1905) menerbitkan buku *Indonesien oder die Inseln des Malayischen Archipel* sebanyak lima volume, yang memuat hasil penelitiannya ketika mengembara ke tanah air kita tahun 1864 sampai 1880.

Buku Bastian inilah yang memopulerkan istilah “Indonesia” di kalangan sarjana Belanda, sehingga sempat timbul anggapan bahwa istilah “Indonesia” itu ciptaan Bastian. Pendapat yang tidak benar itu, antara lain tercantum dalam *Encyclopedie van Nederlandsch-Indie*tahun 1918.

Padahal Bastian mengambil istilah “ Indonesia ” itu dari tulisan-tulisan Logan. Putra ibu pertiwi yang mula-mula menggunakan istilah “ Indonesia ” adalah Suwardi Suryaningrat (Ki Hajar Dewantara). Ketika di buang ke negeri Belanda tahun 1913 beliau mendirikan sebuah biro pers dengan nama *Indonesische Pers-bureau. *
Masa Kebangkitan Nasional
Makna politis

Pada dasawarsa 1920-an, nama “ Indonesia ” yang merupakan istilah ilmiah dalam etnologi dan geografi itu diambil alih oleh tokoh-tokoh pergerakan kemerdekaan tanah air kita, sehingga nama “ Indonesia ” akhirnya memiliki makna politis, yaitu identitas suatu bangsa yang memperjuangkan kemerdekaan! Akibatnya pemerintah Belanda mulai curiga dan waspada terhadap pemakaian kata ciptaan Logan itu. Pada tahun 1922 atas inisiatif Mohammad Hatta, seorang mahasiswa *Handels Hoogeschool* (Sekolah Tinggi Ekonomi) di Rotterdam , organisasi pelajar dan mahasiswa Hindia di Negeri Belanda (yang terbentuk tahun 1908 dengan nama *Indische Vereeniging* ) berubah nama menjadi *Indonesische Vereeniging* atau Perhimpoenan Indonesia . Majalah mereka, Hindia Poetra, berganti nama menjadi Indonesia Merdeka.

Bung Hatta

Bung Hatta menegaskan dalam tulisannya, “Negara Indonesia Merdeka yang akan datang (*de toekomstige vrije Indonesische staat*) mustahil disebut “Hindia Belanda”. Juga tidak “Hindia” saja, sebab dapat menimbulkan kekeliruan dengan India yang asli.

Bagi kami nama Indonesia menyatakan suatu tujuan politik (*een politiek doel*), karena melambangkan dan mencita-citakan suatu tanah air di masa depan, dan untuk mewujudkannya tiap orang Indonesia (*Indonesier*) akan berusaha dengan segala tenaga dan kemampuannya. “ Sementara itu, di tanah air Dr. Sutomo mendirikan *Indonesische Studie Club*pada tahun 1924. Tahun itu juga Perserikatan Komunis Hindia berganti nama menjadi Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI). Lalu pada tahun 1925 *Jong Islamieten Bond* membentuk kepanduan *Nationaal Indonesische Padvinderij* (Natipij).

Itulah tiga organisasi di tanah air yang mula-mula menggunakan nama “ Indonesia ”. Akhirnya nama “ Indonesia ” dinobatkan sebagai nama tanah air, bangsa dan bahasa kita pada Kerapatan Pemoeda-Pemoedi Indonesia tanggal 28 Oktober 1928, yang kini kita sebut Sumpah Pemuda. Pada bulan Agustus 1939 tiga orang anggota *Volksraad* (Dewan Rakyat; DPR zaman Belanda), Muhammad Husni Thamrin, Wiwoho Purbohadidjojo, dan Sutardji Kartohadikusumo, mengajukan mosi kepada Pemerintah Belanda agar nama “Indonesia” diresmikan sebagai pengganti nama “Nederlandsch- Indie”.

Kongres Pemuda

Tetapi Belanda keras kepala sehingga mosi ini ditolak mentah-mentah. Maka kehendak Allah pun berlaku. Dengan jatuhnya tanah air kita ke tangan Jepang pada tanggal 8 Maret 1942, lenyaplah nama “Hindia Belanda” untuk selama-lamanya. Lalu pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1945, atas berkat rahmat Allah Yang Mahakuasa, lahirlah Republik Indonesia.

*Copas dari email Arief Ramdhani < ariefram@yahoo.com>


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          Guatemala Quetzal(GTQ)/Maldives Rufiyaa(MVR)        
1 Guatemala Quetzal = 2.10562 Maldives Rufiyaa
          The Scents of Adventure in the MALDIVES        
Kuoni UK are currently running a competition which you, too, can enter here. They are asking of you what your signature scent of the Maldives might be. In their Bluewater shop they have mapped out the aromas of other fabulous locations, which they are show casing there on a map: coffee for Brazil, and apple pie for the USA. And the prize? You guessed it -  7 nights in the 5* Maafushivaru Resort, including return flights. 

Get yourselves over to the Kuoni/Maldives website to find out more about their great holidays (that's a good plug for them, I think!)

Thinking back to a brief visit we made to one of the islands in the late 1990s - the aroma that remained with us until this day, is the heady scent of sun-ripened fruit: sweet, intoxicating and enticing. The beautiful variety of colours adds to the full, multi-sensory experience - the rich orange of the mangoes, the green/yellow hues of the pineapples and the wonderfully contrasting flesh of the papaya, with its black seeds in the middle. Lush deliciousness for all the senses.

And of course we can't write a post without sugesting a couple of novels to take, to complete the full sensory experience. Through prose, experience the SMELLS, the heat, the feel of the islands, the clunk of the coconut as it thuds on the beach and savour the sand between your toes, long before you board to your plane to Male... see The Maldives through an author's eyes.

First up is Beach Babylon by Imogen Edwards-Jones. How does it feel to live and work in the world's most beautiful and luxurious tropical island resort, surrounded by white sandy beaches and aquamarine seas? Well, you can find out by reading this novel!

And second is On the Island by Tracey Garvis Graves. When 30 year old English teacher Anna Emerson is offered a summer job tutoring T J Callahan at his family's holiday in home in the Maldives, she accepts without hesitation. But on the way to their destination the plane crashes, leaving Anna and TJ to face their Robinson Crusoe challenge. 

And of course if you know of further books set in The Maldives, drop by TripFiction website and add them. Help us build this into a really great resource for both armchair and actual travellers.

Come and join us on Twitter and Facebook where we chat books, travel and more....




          L’empreinte carbone : une trace durable        

De plus en plus, dans le contexte de la lutte au réchauffement climatique, entreprises et individus sont encouragés à alléger leur « empreinte carbone », c’est-à-dire la quantité de carbone dégagée par leurs activités (consommation énergétique, déplacements, etc.). Pourtant, le carbone est partout dans la nature : c’est l’élément chimique à la base de la matière organique. Dans ce cas, comment peut-il avoir un rôle dans l’effet de serre ? [...]


          Qatar Airways – $914: Miami – The Maldives. Roundtrip, including all Taxes        
A good sale to The Maldives. We recently flew with Qatar and the experience onboard is excellent in both coach and business. Sample Travel Date: September 18th – 25th This is just ONE SAMPLE travel date, for more availability, please follow the “Fare Availability” and “How to Search for Availability” instructions below Fare Availability: Valid […]

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          Favorinus tsuruganus from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Favorinus tsuruganus
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago
          Scyllaea fulva from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Scyllaea fulva
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago
          Stylocheilus longicauda from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Stylocheilus longicauda
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago
          Durvilledoris pusilla from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Durvilledoris pusilla
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 4 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago
          Unidentified species from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Unidentified species
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 4 years ago
          Phidiana indica from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Phidiana indica
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Thecacera picta from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Thecacera picta
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Halgerda tessellata from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Halgerda tessellata
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Phyllidia alyta from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Phyllidia alyta
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Phyllidia marindica from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Phyllidia marindica
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Jorunna sp. from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Jorunna sp.
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Phyllidia marindica from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Phyllidia marindica
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Phyllidia marindica from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Phyllidia marindica
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Unidentified species from Maldives by Nadia Liebe        

Species: Unidentified species
Photographer: Nadia Liebe
Location: Maldives
Posted: 5 years ago
Updated: 5 years ago
          Year in Reflection        
Recent years have been dominated by travel, long distance relationships, running, moving countries and upheaval. In contrast this year has been distinctly domestic with house buying, wedding and planning renovations. My cancerian homebody soul definitely is happier with the recent trend!

Its been an incredibly busy year with some amazing highs but a lot of hard work in between. I'm looking forward to a quiet year with just a small renovation project in 2007 ;)

January:: Australia::hot::London::cold::February:: 10km "Love Run"::House surveys::March:: Paris ::Impatiently waiting for house::April:: Completion:Moving:: New house::Switzerland:: May:: Painting rooms::Making Curtains::Cricket at Lords ::Jo Visiting::Wales::June:: Birthday::Istanbul::Turf::July:: Backyard BBQs::London TOAST::Isle of Wight::August:: Provence cycling::Indian Monsoon wedding::Started Craft Actually::Wedding Invitations::September:: London Girls Night Out::Dancing Lessons ::October:: Australia::Mum’s 60th::Noosa Wedding::November:: Maldives Honeymoon::New job::December:: Architect plans:: Wedding Thankyous::Christmas parties
          July 2009 Newsletter        

www.SpiritOfBaraka.com has a new website!
The website has the same features, but a nice new design, which was well overdue.  I hope you like it.

Laya Project
Laya Project is a non-verbal film dedicated to the survivors of the 26th December 2004 Asian tsunami.  Laya Project is a musical and visual journey through coastal and surrounding villages in the path of the December 2004 tsunami in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand, India, Myanmar and Maldives.
It's a beautiful film and I highly recommend watching.
www.spiritofbaraka.com/laya-project

Samsara
I heard that the final stage of major shooting for Samsara had started, in Europe. 

Independent Films
A number of great, short, independent films have been added to the site
www.spiritofbaraka.com/independent-filmsRead more >>>


          Brett & Amanda = Mr. & Mrs.        
What a beautiful wedding at such a beautiful location. Brett & Amanda got married at Ashelynn Manor in Magnolia, TX. This place was so on top of things. They have the most polite wedding coordinators I have ever meet. Everything happened like clock work. If you want to book there, reserve early because they sometimes book up to four weddings in weekends. Crazy. And they are still nice to people? Seriously, it was a pleasure shooting there. Check them out!

Now on to the beautiful people. What's fun about this couple is, well, I have shot them before and have known them both forever. You may recognize mom and daughter. And if you grew up in MW, you might even recognize the groom. Brett went to school with us up until junior high, then moved to Houston. They reconnected on facebook, hehe. And here we are today. They are somewhere in the Maldives Islands soaking up the sun and I am at home sifting through a bajillion photos from their wedding. I love it! Sit back and enjoy. This is a long one!

























Love you guys!
          Reply #1243        
777 924 - ULTRA HEAVY!!!! - $10str (924 combo'd too X5)

000 111 007 074 214 356 466 555 767 969 999 - Heavy

3511 5999 9169 9242 - $1str/$1box

When that 924 drops I'm gonna book a trip to the Maldives
          unitedstates        
Maldives. #vistoparabrasileiros#estadosuni#turismo#viagem#viagens#viajando#aroundtheworld#viajar#viagem#ferias#melhordomundo#visiting#holiday#turismo#turistando#ferias2016#travelgram#viagens#mochilando#travelgram#mundo#visiting#instatravel#follow#photooftheday#fun#trip#miami#noronha#viagens#tiosam#dicasdeviagem#vistoparabrasileiros#estadosunidos#turismo#viagem#usa#america#unitedstates
          Amilla Beach Villa Residences, Maldives Offer the Opportunity of a Lifetime        
Amilla Beach Villa Residences, Maldives offer the opportunity of a lifetime. There has never been a better time to discover the Maldives, with this amazing all-inclusive offer at the sensational Amilla Beach Villa Residences, located at coral-fringed Amilla Fushi (Baa Atoll) – described by supermodel Kate Moss as “Paradise – the most idyllic and relaxing place on […]
          Mosque of the world        
Mosque of Pakistan 







                                   


Mosque of Soudi Arabia





          


                     Mosque of Turkey








 Mosque of India









 Mosque of Ejypt      









Mosque of America






    Mosque of Iran






Mosque of Behrin



Mosque of Indonesia



Mosque of Dubai





Mosque of Singapore






Mosque of Burnei





Mosque of  China




Mosque of Malaysia






Mosque of France


Mosque of Morocco





Mosque of Timbutu



Mosque of Rusia


Mosque of Ghana




Mosque of Oman



Mosque of  Japan


Mosque of Sirilanka



Mosque of Yemen



Mosque of  Polistine



Mosque of  London



Mosque of Maldives



Mosque of  Dakar



Mosque of  kyrgyzstan


Mosque of Uzbekistan


Mosque of Sharjah


Mosque of Spain


Mosque of KapitanKlingMosque


Mosque of kuala kangsar


Mosque of Abu Dabi


Mosque of Aegentina


Mosque of istambol


          Restauran dan Bed dalam air        


Restaurant "Ithaa" milik hotel "Conrad Maldives Rangali Island Hotel", yang terletak di dua pulau di Maladewa. Restoran ini terkenal karena berada pada kedalaman 5 meter, dekat salah satu pulau.





Atap restoran bawah air terbuat dari akrilik, yang memungkinkan para tamu selama makan untuk menyaksikan dunia bawah laut. Pada peringatan dari keberadaan hotel restoran termasuk dalam daftar layanan ke titik perusahaan: untuk beberapa waktu dioperasikan sebuah restoran sebagai kamar tidur pribadi.


Selama penempatan kamar apartemen bawah air menawarkan makan malam dengan sampanye dan sarapan di tempat tidur.
Restoran ini telah ada selama 6 tahun, tetapi untuk sampai di sana, orang mencatat setidaknya 2 minggu, karena ingin sangat banyak, dan daerah tersebut dapat menampung hanya 14 orang sekaligus.