A-10 fires its first laser-guided rocket        
EGLIN AIR FORCE BASE, Fla. -  The 40th Flight Test Squadron completed another first in February when an A-10 Thunderbolt II fired a guided rocket that impacted only inches away from its intended target. The 2.75 diameter, 35-pound, laser-guided rocket is known as the fixed-wing Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System II. Before the Thunderbolt test, the rocket had proved effective in Afghanistan combat operations when fired from Marine helicopters. "Rockets are a staple close-air support weapon, but their weak...
          B-52 gets new sniper pod        
BARKSDALE AIR FORCE BASE, La. -  The 2nd Bomb Wing made its first live run with a new addition to the aging bomber. With constant upgrades bringing the more than 60 year-old bomber into the 21st century, the addition of the sniper pod gives the B-52H Stratofortress better integration with ground forces and laser-guided bombs for precision strike capability. "This flight was the first time that the 2nd BW has used the sniper pod with live ordinance like the LGB," said Capt. Ryan Allen, a 20th Bomb Squadron...
          OPINION: Why Rock’s Sense Of Community Might Matter More Than Anything        

A wise man once said, ‘without music, life would be a mistake.’ But that’s as much about the people we meet through songs as the songs themselves... 

Hello, my name is Tomas Doyle, I am the Deputy Editor of Rock Sound magazine and to quote the mighty Less Than Jake, ‘All My Best Friends Are Metalheads’.

Well, okay, that isn’t quite true but it is a point of fact that virtually every person I care about, or have any sort of meaningful relationship with, I have come to know through a mutual interest in rock music. 

Think about that for second. An entire life that has been shaped and carved in a very real way through a series of noises that come out of a speaker.

Except rock music isn’t just about the sounds that we fire into our ears – not really. The true beauty of the records we share a love for is that they have always been a catalyst for some of the most strongly forged communities imaginable.

It’s about the pals you make at school through sneakily listening to your favourite albums in the back of class. It’s the kid you see in town rocking a T-shirt of a band you know so start talking to. It’s the frantic half hours you spend sweating other people’s sweat at the front of packed-out gigs and the days you spend afterwards making those nights in to the stuff of collective legend. Hell, eventually it might be the band you start with your mates (where you rip off those musicians you idolise and can’t play nearly as well as, but it doesn’t matter because you have all of the fun doing it).

And the reason rock music of all creeds has long been a hotbed for such tight-knit companionship is, when it comes to it, pretty simple: we are all, at some level, outsiders. Whether you’re a gang of punks in 1977 being spat at in the street for having three foot high mohawks or a Marilyn Manson fan being berated for the ‘satanic’ (yeah, right) content of your favourite tunes, we’ve have always been the kids who don’t quite resonate with what the mainstream deems ‘reasonable’. Even the biggest, most successful rock acts of the last 10 years have risen to the top on an wave of acclaim from us freaks and weirdos: whether you belong to the MCR or BVB armies, the chances are that in those fandoms you have found people who understand you and what makes you tick more than the average Joe in the street ever could.

When Rock Sound interviewed AFI frontman and all-round straight-thinker Davey Havok recently he explained the concept with laser-guided clarity.  

“You can find a community you connect with and make that your family. Family is about so much more than just DNA.”

He couldn’t be more right. The music we hold dear, at its best, expresses our deepest fears, galvanises our greatest hopes and helps us realise that even life’s most imposing mountains are conquerable: why wouldn’t you want to hang out with people who connect to those big, life-altering emotions in the same way as you?

But like any good, self-policing community, the rock scene runs off mutual respect and an ethos of helping one another. Of course even under our big, black-clad umbrella we’re sub-divided in lots of ways (death metal to emo and right back again) and there will always be people who like the exact same records as you who you don’t want to be mates with because, frankly, they are thunderous dicksplashes – we get that. 

It’s important to remember though, that in a pop-culture that is measured in light years, the person who doesn’t like the same era of Panic! At The Disco as you probably shouldn’t be a target for your ire. 

Against a backdrop of ultra-processed X-factor gruel, shallow-as-an-ants-paddling-pool reality TV and music that denigrates women, poor people and anybody with the audacity to express their emotions in anything beyond the most basic terms we must always remain an enclave for acceptance, not elitism.

After all, what happens when the misfits feel like even the people who no one understands don’t understand them? How would you have felt if when you first started dipping your foot into the rock, punk or metal scenes you were told you were doing it wrong. 

Quite aside from the fact that there is, obviously, no objectively correct way to enjoy music, it’s an unspoken responsibility of established members of our subculture to welcome in those who are just finding their way, rather than deriding them for not liking the ‘cool’ albums. 

Remember that band you started with your mates and how much you sucked? Exactly. And since when was any of this about being cool anyway?

Too often, misguided efforts to ‘protect’ rock culture leads certain among our number pushing away the people who need its support the most. 

Think about all the joy this music brings you – why would you ever want to deny someone else that pleasure?

The truth is that we live in a hard, treacherous world and the more people we have who understand and can look after us, the better. Rock music provides the platform for connection for us all, we should revel in the strength of those bonds, not seek to tear them down. 

If you’re a little older and have already made your mates in the scene, be sure to make an effort to talk to that kid at school you see with band patches on their bag or the newbie at the gig on their own. And if you’re just finding your way in, welcome, there is something even more amazing than music here for you – there is friendship for life. 

As for me and my mates – they are, as Mr Havok rightly points out, like family to me. But if you read this magazine and  care about those notes coming out of your speakers as much as we do, then as far as I’m concerned me and you are family too. 

Continue reading on Rock Sound »


          Tactical Laser-Guided Pizza Cutter        
Tactical Laser-Guided Pizza Cutter
Yep, a pizza cutter with a frickin' laser beam above the cutting wheel that shows the angle of your slice.

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          OneRepublic - If I Lose Myself (Culture Code Remix)        
For many dubstep acts, itand#39;s all about the heavy and nasty. Animatronic dinosaurs shooting laser-guided missiles at fluffy Pekinese, and all that jazz. But for Britainand#39;sandnbsp;Culture Code, the emphasis is on euphoria. Uplifting melodies are buffeted by great wooshing gusts of buoyant bass.
          Alat - alat perang Indonesia        
Dalam rangka kemerdekaan RI yang ke 66, ane mau posting dikit nih...tentang alat/persenjataan negara kita tercinta ini yaitu Indonesia...gk perlu berlama2 langsung penampakan, cekidot!

“Mendarat dan menang..,” itulah misi utama Marinir di seluruh dunia dalam menjalankan tugas sebagai pasukan pendarat, pembuka gerbang untuk operasi militer lanjutan. Bagi Korps Marinir TNI AL adalah hal lumrah untuk berjibaku dan mempertaruhkan nyawa dalam tiap operasi pendaratan militer di seluruh wilayan Nusantara.
Tapi “beban berat” Korps Marinir yang malang melintang dalam berbagai konflik, mulai dari Dwikora, Timor Timur sampai Aceh kebanyakan masih mengandalkan kendaraan tempur (ranpur) amfibi berusia paruh baya. Ambil contoh ranpur BTR-50 dan PT-76 yang sudah eksis menjadi alutsista Korps Marinir sejak awal tahun 60-an. Salah satu sukses misi tempur pendaratan adalah ketersediaan ranpur pengangkut personel (armoured personel carrier/APC) yang handal.

LVTP - 7 (Landing Vehicle Tracked)













Barulah pada tahun 2010, muncul “solusi” mujarab untuk Korps Marinir dengan hadirnya ranpur LVTP (Landing Vehicle Tracked)-7. LVTP-7 dirancang dengan desain roda rantai, bisa dibilang masuk kelas tank amfibi. Ranpur ini tergolong unik, sebab LVTP-7 terlihat bongsor dengan bobot mencapai 30 ton. Jadilah LVTP-7 sebagai ranpur amfibi dengan bobot terberat yang dimiliki Korps Marinir. Bobot ranpur ini tentu bukan tanpa alasan, LVTP-7 sanggup membawa 25 personel bersenjata lengkap plus 3 awak.















Selayaknya ranpur pembawa personel, asupan persenjataan pada LVTP-7 tergolong terbatas, pastinta tak dirancang untuk menghancurkan MBT (main battle tank). Tapi tetap ada sisi unik yang melengkapi persenjataan pada ranpur ini, maklum Amerika Serikat selalu mengandalkan varian LVTP-7 dalm tiap gelar operasi amfibi, bahkan tak cuma operasi amfibi, ranpur yang juga dijuluki AAV (Assault Amphibian Vehicle)-7 ini juga hadir di medan konflik berpasir, seperti di Somalia dan wilayah Irak.
Sebagai senjata andalan, LVTP-7 mempercayakan kehandalan SMB (senapan mesin berat) browning M2HB kaliber 12,7 mm. Secara teori ranpur ini biasa memuat hingga 1200 peluru kaliber 12,7 mm. Tapi bisa juga SMB ditukar dengan pelontar granat kaliber 40 mm dengan tipe peluru M430 berkategori HEDP (high explosive dual purpose). Sedangkan untuk perlindungan, ranpur ini dilengkapi smoke discharger kalibr 40 mm. LVTP-7 memilikki lapian baja standar 5 cm.











(gambar di atas adalah Ruang kabin personel, posisi "atap" pada ranpur dapat dibuka untuk keluar masuk pasukan dan bantuan tembakan)

Sebagai penggerak, LVTP-7 menggunakan mesin General Motors 8V53T yang ditempatkan pada kompartemen depan, serupa dengan ranpur AMX-10 dan BVP-2. Dengan daya maksmal yang disemburkan sebesar 400 hp dan dukungan sistem transmisi FMC-400-3 dengan empat percepatan, ranpur ini dapat dipacu hingga kecepatan 64 Km per jam di darat dengan jarak tempuh 480 Km. Sementara saat berenang, berkat sepasang waterjet di kiri dan kanan mampu menghasilkn daya dorong hingga kecepatan 14 Km per jam. 

 












(Gambar diatas adalah Tampak ruang kemudi dan perangkat komunikasi)

LVTP-7 milik Korps Marinir TNI-AL berasal dari Korea Selatan, pabrik pembuatnya pun bukan FMS, melainkan dibuat berdasarkan lisensi oleh Samsung Techwin. Indonesia memperoleh ranpur ini lewat program hibah, dari yang awalnya direncanakan bakal 35 unit, hingga saat ini baru hadir 10 unit LVTP-7 di Jakarta.

  









BMP-3F : Tank Amfibi “Kelas Berat” TNI-AL

Yang ditunggu akhirnya datang juga, ranpur (kendaraan tempur) BMP-3F milik korps Marinir akhirnya tiba di Tanah Air pada 27 November lalu di Surabaya. Jumlahnya memang tak banyak, hanya 17 unit, tapi inilah jenis tank paling modern dan tercanggih yang dimiliki Indonesia saat ini, dilihat dari kelengkapan persenjataan yang dibawa. Menurut rencana awal, dengan anggaran US$ 50 juta, Korps Marinir bakal mendapatkan 20 unit tank, tapi karena terjadi kenaikan harga per unit, akhirnya jumlah BMP-3F yang bisa diboyong ke Tanah Air berjumlah 17 unit saja.
Secara teori, BMP-3F masuk dalam kelas tank angkut personel, menjadi penerus generasi BMP-2/BVP-2, tapi BMP-3F diramu dengan bekal senjata yang lumayan “heboh” dikelasnya.. Apa yang memmbuat BMP-3F terasa spesial? Dari beberapa varian BMP-3, tipe 3F dirancang dengan kemampuan tambahan untuk bisa berenang dengan lebih baik, yakni mampu menantang ombak laut di level 2, dan bisa beroperasi di laut selama 7 jam. Untuk menunjang kemampuan amfibinya, BMP-3F dapat dilengkapi snorkel.
                                         
 











                                             
      



Spesifikasi BMP-3F
Jenis : Infantry fighting vehicle
Pabrik : Kurganmashzavod
Berat : 18,7 ton
Tinggi : 2,4 meter
Lebar : 3 meter
Panjang : 7,14 meter
Mesin : UTD-29M diesel
500 hp (375 kW)
Senjata : 100 mm gun/launcher 2A70
30 mm autocannon 2A72
3 x 7,62 mm machine gun
Suspensi : torsion bar
Kru : 3
Pasukan : 7 

PESAWAT TEMPUR RI (SUKHOI Su-27)

 

 

 










Spesifikasi (Sukhoi Su-27)
http://www.sirviper.com/fighters/su-27/su-34_spec.gif
Karakteristik umum
Kru: Satu
Panjang: 21,9 m (72 ft)
Lebar sayap: 14,7 m (48 ft 3 in)
Leading edge sweep: 42°)
Tinggi: 5,93 m (19 ft 6 in)
Area sayap: 62 m² (667 ft²)
Berat kosong: 16.380 kg(36.100 lb)
Berat terisi: 23.000 kg (50.690 lb)
Berat maksimum lepas landas: 33.000 kg (62.400 lb)
Mesin: 2× Lyulka AL-31F turbofan, 122,8 kN (27.600 lbf) masing-masing
Performa
Kecepatan maksimum: 2.500 km/jam (1.550 mph Mach 2.35)
Jarak jangkau: 1.340 km pada ketinggian air laut, 3.530 km pada ketinggian tinggi (800 mi pada ketinggian air laut, 2070 mi pada ketinggian tinggi)
Batas tertinggi servis: 18.500 m (60.700 ft)
Saturn AL-31 NPO Saturn
Laju panjat: 325 m/s (64.000 ft/min)
Beban sayap: 371 kg/m² (76 lb/ft&sup2′)
Dorongan/berat: 1,085
Persenjataan
1 x meriam GSh-30-1 30 mm, 150 butir peluru
8.000 kg (17.600 lb) pada 10 titik eksternal
6 R-27, 4 R-73
Su-27SM dapat menggunakan R-77 menggantikan R-27
Su-27IB dapat menggunakan peluru kendali anti-radiasi X-31, peluru kendali udara ke darat X-29L/T, serta bom KAB-150 dan UAB-50
AA-11 Archer / R-73
AA-10A/B/C/D/E Alamo-A/B/C/D/E / R-27R/T/RE/TE/AE
AS-16 Kickback SRAM/ Kh-15/C
Air bombs
KAB-500Kr
KAB-1500Kr
KAB-1500L / 1500F / 1500L-PR
KAB-500R
KAB-500KRU
ODAB-500
OEPS-27 Optronic sighting system for SU-27SK
AS-11 Kilter / Kh-58E
ZHUK FAMILY AIRBORNE RADAR

F-16 Fighting Falcon


 







Karakteristik umum

  • Kru: 1
  • Panjang: 49 ft 5 in
  • Lebar sayap: 32 ft 8 in
  • Tinggi: 16 ft
  • Luas sayap: 300 ft²
  • Airfoil: NACA 64A204 root and tip
  • Bobot kosong: 18,238 lb
  • Bobot terisi: 26,463 lb
  • Bobot maksimum lepas landas: 42,300 lb
  • Mesin: 1× Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-220 afterburning turbofan
  • Alternate powerplant: 1× General Electric F110-GE-100 afterburning turbofan
    • Dry thrust: 17,155 lbf (76.3 kN)
    • Thrust with afterburner: 28,985 lbf (128.9 kN)

Kinerja

Persenjataan


          Delta Squadron Revealed        
DELTA SQAUDRON

Delta Squadron is a High Ticket "LIVE" Video tutorial program where Michael Cheney will literally hold your hand and guide you through each and eavry step of online marketing. When i say "Hold Your Hands" I mean it!!

Delta Squadron


About Delta Squadron:

Delta Squadron is a High Ticket "LIVE" Video tutorial program where Michael Cheney will literally hold you hands and guide you through each and eavry step of online marketing. When i say "Hold Your Hands" I mean it!!

And it does not end there, you will be in "Direct Contact" with him where he will give access to his inbox Market research and what to promote and what to dump.

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-Command HQ Hotline
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-$5M Confidential Swipe Files
-Squadron Support Fast Pass

SECRET WEAPONS

-Profit Launchers
-Exploding Wealth Grenades
-Supernova

About Michael Cheney:

Michael Cheney is an Internet Marketing Expert Who Makes Thousands Every Week And Attracts Over Half A Million
Visitors Every Year

Michael Cheney is one of the most-respected names in the field of Internet marketing. The chances are that you will already read one of his many, many marketing articles that are dotted throughout the web.


Michael Cheney has built up his online businesses since starting out in 1995 and give lots of advice away for free to demonstrate that he knows what he is talking about!
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Rahil has been a professional online marketer for over two years and he has realized incredible success in this short amount of time. At the age of 25, Rahil now consults with dozens of online business owners from around the world on how he can help them achieve higher Google rankings for the exact keywords they are wanting to dominate. Along with that, he is also at the top of his game in Pay-Per-Click marketing strategies, website building, branding, using custom capture pages, and setting up autoresponder series that simply work and sell your prospects.

Delta Squadron Review

          Blood diamonds: India plays the middleman        
Conflict diamonds threaten Surat's booming polishing business.

By Jason Overdorf
GlobalPost - October 6, 2011

SURAT, India — This summer, the authorities in Surat, the commercial capital of the state of Gujarat, arrested two smugglers attempting to sell nearly a million dollars in so-called blood diamonds.

Close on the heels of similar busts, the arrest again raised fears that the chaotic conditions making this small city on India's Arabian coast the world's new diamond-polishing hub may also make it one of the weakest links in the fight to stop overlords from financing armies with the precious stones.

“Every month, diamonds are coming from Zimbabwe without a Kimberley Process Certificate (KPC),” said Kirti Shah, an elected official of the Surat municipal corporation who is also a diamond trader.

“But I'm the only person in the diamond market who will talk about it openly.”

Once known for processing small, cheap stones, Surat has gradually replaced Antwerp as the center for cutting and polishing nearly all of the world's rough diamonds — as local traders have invested heavily in technology and infrastructure to compete for large, flawless stones. (Antwerp remains a go-to for shoppers.)

Yet even as local factories have installed cutting-edge, laser-guided planning and marking software and the latest grinding and polishing machines, Surat's main advantage over polishers in Belgium and Israel remains its cheap labor force and a centuries-old, trust-based system of trading that keeps transaction costs low.

Every day, trading houses small and large rely on couriers to hand-carry millions of dollars worth of diamonds to Surat from Mumbai on local trains — with no protection but anonymity.

In Surat's markets, diamonds change hands on the street and zip back and forth across the city by motorcycle as traders haggle over prices. When a sale is finally made, nine times out of 10 the deal is done in cash, with nothing but a hand-written chit to record the transaction.

Last year, $30 billion worth of stones passed through this city, according to the Gem & Jewelry Export Promotion Council. That's 11 out of 12 of the world's diamonds.

And while there are no reliable estimates, it stands to reason that if nearly all of the world's legal diamonds make their way here, a good portion of the conflict diamonds do, too.

“It's a very big market,” said a senior investigator in the local branch of the directorate of revenue intelligence — the outfit responsible for combating smuggling, counterfeiting and other economic crimes. “So many brokers are trading on the pavement itself. It's very difficult to monitor.”

Diamond traders say that local press reports claiming that conflict diamonds comprise 15 to 30 percent of the market (citing unnamed sources) have exaggerated the problem. But with some 5,000 polishing units — around 1,500 of them tiny cottage industries scattered throughout the state — it's patently impossible to track each and every stone.

“This not a problem only for Surat, or only for India. It's a problem around the world,” said Damji Mavani, secretary of the Surat Diamond Association, which conducts seminars and other programs to raise awareness about conflict diamonds.

According to the revenue intelligence officer, who is not authorized to be quoted by name in the media, Indian revenue officials have only been monitoring the diamond trade since 2008, because diamond imports are not taxed.

Since the authorities began tracking the business, however, they have already busted traders with three consignments of blood diamonds, each valued around $1 million or more. In September 2008, revenue intelligence officials arrested two Lebanese men — Robai Hussain and Yusuf Ossely — with 3,600 carats in rough diamonds worth around $875,000 at the time.

This April, they caught two Indians — Jora and Prema Desai — allegedly attempting to sell 48,000 carats of conflict diamonds from Zimbabwe worth more than $2 million. And in August, Indian authorities arrested an Indian trader named Pravin Ajudiya and a Congolese national named Jean Tshinaga with some 10,000 carats in alleged blood diamonds valued around $950,000.

Writing in India Today magazine, journalist Shantanu Guha Ray recently cited local traders as saying that such conflict diamonds routinely come to Surat on dhows sailing from Dubai. But in each of the three cases broken by Indian officials, the alleged smugglers hand-carried the rough stones on international flights and were caught because of tips from local informants, the senior revenue official said.

“There may be many such carriers,” the revenue intelligence officer said. “But unless and until we get information, we cannot catch them.”

For opponents of the trade in conflict diamonds, India's frontier-style market presents a serious problem, mainly because the entire interdiction system hinges on documentation.

Since 2003, the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme has made it mandatory for diamond exporters to document every shipment of rough stones to certify that they do not come from conflict zones. According to the Diamond Trading Corporation — a subsidiary of De Beers, the world's largest diamond company — the scheme has ensured that blood diamonds account for less than 1 percent of the global trade, compared with 15 percent before there was any monitoring system.

But others are less sanguine about the certification scheme's success. Once a diamond is cut and polished, there's virtually no way to trace its origin, though a handful of retailers have tried to set up a method that would allow buyers to do so.

Meanwhile, the main market for cut diamonds is increasingly moving to countries like India and China, where the idea of “ethical consumerism” is even less common than it is in richer nations.

Last year, as the U.S. economy languished, around 70 percent of India's gem and jewelry exports went to diamond traders Hong Kong and the United Arab Emirates.

“Essentially, illicit diamonds that bypass the early stages of the Kimberley Process (such as those from Gabon and Cameroon, or those smuggled from Cote d'Ivoire, Venezuela, or Zimbabwe) can be laundered through willing companies in the cutting and polishing industry,” Ian Smillie, chairman of the Diamond Development Initiative, wrote in a recent report.

“Arrests and the seizure of uncertified rough diamonds in the United States, the European Union, India and elsewhere demonstrate what may be the tip on an iceberg, one that the [Kimberly Process] has been unwilling to acknowledge or deal with.”

Non-governmental organizations like Diamond Development Initiative, Amnesty International and Global Witness have repeatedly criticized the Kimberley Process for failing to plug loopholes in the system, and, worse, for failing to crack down on offenders like Venezuela, Guinea, Lebanon and Zimbabwe.

But faith in the Kimberely Process has recently fallen to a new low. Activists walked out of a key meeting in June in what Global Witness termed a “vote of no confidence” triggered by a deal to allow Zimbabwe to sell diamonds from its violence-plagued Marange fields that “does not contain sufficient checks and balances to prevent substantial volumes of illicit diamonds from entering the global diamond supply chain.”

According to India Today, the deal allowed the Surat Rough Diamond Sourcing India Limited, a consortium of 1,500 diamond traders, to directly source rough diamonds from miners in Zimbabwe, making it more difficult for the Kimberley Process to track the stones.

Last year, Surat Rough Diamond Sourcing India Limited and the Zimbabwe government signed an agreement for the regular supply of diamonds worth $1.2 billion a year in exchange for training Zimbabweans in Surat's diamond-processing units, the magazine reported in May.

Many of those stones will doubtless wind up in Surat's “Mini Bazaar” — a small outpost compared to the main market in Mahidharpura, where there are some 50,000 traders, according to a local broker.

On a typical weekday afternoon here, hundreds of diamond brokers line the street. Clad in the standard cheap polyblend slacks, button-down shirt and rubber sandals, they sit on the back of motorcycles and on stoops, lean against shopfronts or squat on their heels, farmer-style, on the curb.

Behind them, in open-air shops, dozens of traders sit cross-legged behind rows of tiny desks, examining sachets of glittering stones with tiny jeweler's loupes.

If the roughs they came from once had blood on them, nobody would be the wiser, judging from the way polished stones change hands.

“Hello, hello, gentleman,” a local trader calls out from behind a tiny desk. Keen to make a sale, he spills a sparkling pile of half-carat diamonds onto the table from a paper sachet.

“All the documents are in Mumbai only, so there is no need to look at them,” he says when asked whether they are legal. “We buy the diamonds on trust.”
          The Truth – Musharraf Vs Nawaz        
More to Clinton-Nawaz rendezvous than known
By Nayyar Zaidi

WASHINGTON: “(President Bill) Clinton asked (Prime Minister Mian Nawaz) Sharif if he knew how advanced the threat of nuclear war really was. Did Sharif know his military was preparing their nuclear tipped missiles?”

This is an account of the July 4, 1999, meeting between Clinton and Sharif at the White House by Bruce Riedel, then a Clinton adviser, who was the note-taker during the exclusive Clinton-Sharif meeting.

In an October 13 interview on an Urdu TV channel, Gen Pervez Musharraf claimed that his version of Kargil is “the truth and the whole truth”.

Riedel has written an account of that historic meeting titled “American Diplomacy and the 1999 Kargil Summit at Blair House”, published by the Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania.

“Sharif then asked that the meeting continue just with the two leaders. Everyone left the room except Sharif, Clinton and myself,” Riedel says. “The President insisted he wanted a record of the event. Sharif asked again to be left alone, Clinton refused.”

This categorically contradicts General Musharraf’s claim: “I can also say with authority that in 1999 our nuclear capability was not yet operational.” On page 97 of his book “In the Line of Fire”, Gen Musharraf says this while rebutting what he called the “fourth myth”, i.e. “we came to the brink of nuclear war”.

It is highly unlikely that the president of the United States was bluffing on the real probability of nuclear war.

Actually, in terms of a potential nuclear clash, Clinton compared the Kargil situation to the 1962 Cuban missile crisis where the Americans and the Soviets were on the brink of a nuclear war.

Gen Musharraf claims (page 96) that on July 2, 1999, he personally briefed the Defence Committee of the Cabinet (DCC) and “actually laid out the entire military picture. I covered all possible hypotheses of enemy actions in the air, the sea, and on land”. He claims to have said in the DCC meeting “that the Indian forces despite their massive strength would never be able to dislodge the freedom fighters and NLI (Northern Light Infantry) from their ingress and positions held by them”.

The head of US Central Command, General Anthony Zinni, arrived in Islamabad on June 24, 1999. The same day Associated Press quoted Indian military officials saying, “In Kashmir today, Indian jets fired laser-guided bombs at Islamic guerrilla strongholds, preparing to capture strategic peak, Tiger Hill....At dawn, Indian jet fighters carried out four bombing runs....All four strikes were successful....Ground troops had ringed the peak and were preparing to evict 30-40 guerrillas from the stronghold above India’s National Highway 1. In two weeks of battles, India has cleared two other peaks.”

Indians did not have “laser-guided bombs”, also called “smart bombs”. They had asked the United States to provide laser-guided bombs. Earlier, and for the record, the US had declined. But obviously, Indians did use laser-guided bombs which had turned the tide of the war by June 24, 1999, when Zinni landed in Islamabad with a tough message from Clinton. Laser-guided bombs could smash high-altitude positions with accuracy.

By mid-June Indians were boasting of the acquisition of $50,000 a piece bomb to strike those positions, according to a source. Interestingly, Indians did not deploy troops along the international border sitting quietly as if they knew the eventual outcome would be in their favour.

In his October 13, 2006, TV interview, Gen Musharraf reportedly said: “I call Raja Zafarul Haq a liar if he doesn’t speak the truth now” because, according to Musharraf, Haq had attended the July 2 meeting. But Haq doesn’t have to speak because, according to Riedel, Sharif had called Clinton on July 2, 1999, apparently after the DCC meeting, and “appealed for American intervention immediately to stop the fighting....” Riedel says Sharif told Clinton he could come on July 4, leaving Islamabad on July 3. The president reshuffled his schedule to accommodate Sharif.

Musharraf told the Urdu news channel that after the July 2, 1999, DCC meeting, he went to Murree where “I received Sharif’s call in Murree at around 9pm and he asked me to reach Chaklala airport immediately. When I got to the airport, I saw Nawaz Sharif ready to fly to the US.” Musharraf claimed that Sharif went to the US and “solely decided on Kashmir”.

The visit to Washington had been in the works since Zinni’s visit between June 24 and 26. Ironically, a major Karachi English daily’s report, which covered Gen Musharraf’s speech to the media on June 26, 1999, read, “COAS: Nawaz and Clinton may meet soon over Kashmir”. It went on to say: “Talks are under way to prepare [a] meeting between Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and US President Bill Clinton on the Kashmir crisis, Pakistan Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf said today....The general declined to say when the meeting was likely to take place” but he added, “I hope soon.”

The statement went on to say that “Musharraf said the US and Pakistani sides had explained their points of view during the recent meetings. They wanted to find a solution agreeable to Pakistan, India and the United States, to cool down the current tensions and move towards a settlement of the five-decade-long dispute over Kashmir, he (Musharraf) said.” If he knew a meeting was in the works, why was he surprised to see him leaving for Washington?

Interestingly, Musharraf’s book makes no mention of Gen Zinni’s mission on Kargil or any other visit to Pakistan. Zinni is missing from the index.

Even with his hands completely tied during the Washington summit and the so-called Washington declaration being dictated to him, Sharif was able to include an amendment which said: “The President would take personal interest to encourage an expeditious resumption and intensification of bilateral efforts (i.e. Lahore) once the sanctity of the LOC had been fully restored”. Clinton accepted the amendment.

After the withdrawal from Kargil, President Clinton, says Riedel, “privately invited Sharif to send a senior trusted official to Washington to begin a discreet discussion on how to follow up on his ‘personal commitment’ to the Lahore process”.

According to Riedel, it soon became apparent, however, that “all was not well in Islamabad....We concluded the Pakistani internal situation was not ripe for Sharif to take action.” Finally, when Sharif came in late September 1999, says Riedel, “he all but said that they knew a military coup was coming. On October 12, 1999 it came....”

Riedel says President Clinton instructed to “do all we could to convince the new Pakistani leadership not to execute Sharif....President urged Musharraf to let Sharif free. With our encouragement the Saudis pressed hard for Sharif’s freedom.”

Kargil could not have been planned if then chief of army staff, Gen Jehangir Karamat, retired on time, i.e. January 10, 1999, because it would have been too late to plan and take positions by February. But Gen Karamat, by sheer coincidence, found a way to get out of the way in October 1998. After his retirement, Gen Karamat became the first chief of army staff to head for employment in the United States, taking up his first assignment at the Brookings Institution.

Who gained the most from the Kargil adventure? Unmistakably, the United States. “Doors opened to Americans in New Delhi that had been shut for years. The Indian elite, including the military, and the Indian pubic began to shed long held negative perceptions of the US,” says Riedel. That seems closer to“the truth and the whole truth”.
          Order for BAE laser-guided rockets        
The U.S. Navy has awarded BAE Systems a $180.5 million contract to continue producing Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWSTM) laser-guided rockets to meet the growing U.S. and international demand for the systems. APKWS rockets are seeing increasing use in theater because they deliver cost-effective precision strikes with reduced potential for collateral damage. The latest order, which is funded under the recently announced indefinite delivery / indefinite quantity contract, will he...
          Fury and CAMCOPTER S-100 UAS/UAVs Armed with Lightweight Multirole Missile (LMM)        
By David Crane defrev at gmail dot com Speaking of sub-Hellfire-yield laser-guided missiles, Thales UK Air Systems Division (ASD) has introduced a new low-cost, lightweight multi-role missile called, appropirately enough, the Lightweight Multirole Missile (a.k.a. Lightweight Multi-role Missile)–or LMM for short–as a follow-on to the Starstreak Self-Propelled High-Velocity Missile (SP HVM) a.k.a. Starstreak Multi-role Missile ...
          Nothing Can Possibly Go Wrong by Prudence Shen        
Nothing Can Possibly Go Wrong by Prudence Shen and Illustrated by Faith Erin Hic

Nothing Can Possibly Go Wrong is author Prudence Shen's laser-guided, satirical commentary on a clash of the cliques that has the potential to destroy friendships, dreams, and dozens of deadly, armored robots. 

Hollow Ridge High School is dealing with the fight of the century. In this corner we have the cheerleadering squad. Popular, gorgeous and fierce, these ladies are looking for some brand-new uniforms. Looking for funds throughout the school, merciless head cheerleader Holly has set her sights on one club's unused budget.

In the other corner is the robotics club. Led by their neurotic but clever president Nate, these geeks are not going down without a fight. 

Stuck in the middle of this struggle is poor Charlie, captain of the basketball team. His only crime is being the ex-boyfriend of Holly and Nate's best friend.


          The Downside of the Cutting Edge        
Essay Types
Essay
Richard K. Betts

The American military loves organizational tradition at the same time that it hungers for technological progress. Notwithstanding the stereotype of hidebound Colonel Blimps refusing to recognize revolutionary changes--army officers clinging to horse cavalry for decades after the invention of tanks, pooh-poohing the combat potential of aircraft in the face of Billy Mitchell's sinking of the Ostfriesland, and all the rest--military leadership is usually enthusiastic about technological innovation, as long as it is an add-on for which they do not have to give up other cherished equipment and doctrine.

This conservative progressivism, let us call it, is often quite sensible. It is always hard to know in peacetime how combinations of new weapons and tactics will work short of the test of combat. As with a single species in a complex ecology, interdependence and competition make it impossible to predict the effects of altering one element of the combat equation on the net result of strategic and tactical interactions. War winnows out false promises as well as hallowed but obsolete old premises. It took the experiences of the London Blitz and the Allied bombing of Germany to dispel pre-war exaggerations of the apocalyptic potential of strategic bombing, and it took the first six months of engagement in the Pacific after Pearl Harbor to confirm the revolutionary significance of aircraft carriers for naval warfare.

Recognizing the meaning of military evidence, however, does not always occur even this quickly--or, in some cases, at all. This is because the lessons of war are often mixed, and cognitive dissonance can suppress learning. The American military worked at counterinsurgency for several years in Vietnam until the escalation of 1965 conventionalized the war. Then, despite seven years of large-scale combat effort--which proved strategically futile despite tactical successes in specific engagements--the end of the war solidified a consensus among professional officers that U.S. strategy had not been conventional enough. The lesson they learned was not that the military's plans and capabilities had been maladapted to circumstances, but that civilian policymakers had irresponsibly refused to unleash those capabilities and give even freer rein to the high firepower requirements that the strategy demanded.

Even were there no barriers to learning, the advent of nuclear weapons has made it less likely that a major war among great powers will last long enough for learning processes to unfold and be assimilated into doctrine. This is not because immediate use of weapons of mass destruction is inevitable, but because such weapons offer an alternative to stalemate or defeat in conventional combat. The carnage of the First and Second World Wars was prolonged because the stronger combatants could not win quickly and the weaker ones had no way to scare the stronger into backing off. Nuclear weapons give either side an option to try one of these other ways out. If both sides fear unlimited war above all else, they may instead choose to end the war by negotiation. If neither is willing to concede or compromise, however, the side that is weaker in conventional military capability has the greater incentive to up the ante, because the stronger can still hope to win at the conventional level.

Of course, there is no doubt that it is better to have technological superiority in conventional military power than not to have it. The side that has the capability for a quick outright victory may prevent war in the first place by deterring or coercing the enemy. But if war breaks out nevertheless, successful application of a decided technical advantage in the conventional sphere may only make the loser desperate, perhaps hysterical, and more likely to use unconventional weapons. Such a prospect highlights the risk of miscalculating the fit between technology and strategy in peacetime. That risk is not great at the moment because the United States faces no first-class adversary in the post-Cold War world. The risk will increase if, or when, a hostile great power emerges to challenge U.S. interests.

All these issues are evoked by what may be a developing revolution in military affairs--the "RMA" as it is known in Pentagon acronymese. There is much debate among professionals about whether a true revolution, as opposed to evolving incremental improvements, is underway, but there is no question that something significant is afoot. There is also no question that, on balance, an RMA should offer an important net advantage to the U.S. military. Other great powers might manage to stay close behind in a technological race, but they are unlikely to catch up. One reason is that the size, professionalization, and recent experience of the U.S. military are uniquely conducive to maximizing the synergy of fusing information systems, weaponry, organization, and doctrine that is the key to a real RMA.

It is important not to let secondary problems divert attention from the benefits of an RMA. But it is also important to consider potential drawbacks because they are seldom noted; it is, after all, counterintuitive to think that superior military effectiveness could have any negative implications. While the value of an RMA outweighs its possible drawbacks, we must watch out for the latter if our aim is to effectively integrate military means with political ends--which should be the main purpose of any rational strategy.

Strategic Expectations

The Gulf War experience has already encouraged many laymen to think that an RMA occurred some time ago, that it manifested itself in the combat of 1991, and that it promises to make future conventional wars quick, easy, and low cost. The only visual images of combat conveyed to the public during the six-week war were of laser-guided bombs making pinpoint hits. The easy triumph of U.S. technology has encouraged the belief that war can be bloodless, and the resolution, in some quarters, that only bloodless wars should be fought.
Military professionals are more aware of the limitations of U.S. performance in that war, and of how improbable it is that we will again be able to fight a war on operational terms set so completely by our own side. It is laymen in political leadership, however, who will make the decisions about where and when to fight again. It is also they, having seen in 1991 what appeared to be an easy victory that did not require as much redundant power as was actually deployed to the Gulf, who will determine defense budget levels. Publicity about the further progress of an RMA will do nothing to suppress overconfidence, and thus risks abetting a dangerous combination of greater nonchalance about going to war, and weaker commitment to maintaining hefty forces before we do so.

Strategic Complacency

An RMA may not necessarily sharpen the judgment of military professionals, either. Faith in an RMA could reinforce the military penchant for defining missions and capabilities in terms of large-scale conventional warfare. The legacy of the Second World War in Europe instilled a commitment to large-unit operations and reliance on heavy firepower in the U.S. Army--what Andrew Krepinevich has dubbed "the Army Concept"--that the service as an institution insisted on applying in Vietnam, despite its limited relevance and ample counterproductive effects. Similarly, military professionals could come to see a mature RMA as validating the Gulf War as a model for all wars.

The danger is that if the RMA becomes the Army, Navy, and Air Force "Concept" of the early twenty-first century, it could blind us to problems that are not susceptible to high-tech solutions. This might keep the United States out of foreign entanglements by hamstringing civilians who want to intervene in messy unconventional or semi-conventional conflicts--and that is good or bad depending on the case and one's point of view. But if the military is called upon nevertheless to act in such conflicts, an institutionalized commitment to high-tech operations may prove unsuitable to the task. We may then face unpleasant choices: failure and withdrawal (following precedents of intervention in Vietnam, Lebanon, and Somalia); brutal conventional overkill (recalling Tacitus' line, "We made a desert and called it peace"); or ad hoc experimentation under fire (which risks failure at higher cost and friction in civil-military relations even if it succeeds).
When success engenders orthodoxy, as an impressive RMA could do, it brings insensitivity to the essence of strategy--its interactive nature--and promotes the Fallacy of the Last Move, the notion that solving a particular problem settles for good the circumstances that gave rise to it. Adversaries who cannot keep up with our methods and machines are at liberty to develop asymmetrical solutions, such as novel defensive countermeasures to precision targeting. And some enemies, such as the North Vietnamese, are bound to prove better in the future at low-tech counters to American technological prowess than did the Iraqis.

Strategic Instability

The biggest danger in the future is not the sort of military challenges posed by medium-sized powers such as Iraq or North Korea. Rather it is the prospect of confrontation with a hostile great power such as a rich and muscular China, or a recovered and revanchist Russia. Conflicts with them over Taiwan or the new states of the former Soviet Union, such as Ukraine or Lithuania, could be more volatile than the disputes that catalyzed Cold War crises. It took fifteen years of dangerous maneuvers, probes, and crises over Korea, Berlin, and Cuba before the Cold War competition became routinized and relatively stable. Ukraine, the Baltic states, and Taiwan are far more substantial stakes than Berlin, Cuba, or the Korea of 1950. In the developing phase of a new Cold War, these grounds of conflict could make disastrous miscalculation and the resort to force more plausible than before.

If it comes to combat between the United States and a great power, a decisive American advantage at the conventional level of warfare (as represented in a developed RMA) would thrust the choice between defeat and escalation onto the adversary. This was precisely the position in which NATO believed itself trapped by the Soviet Union through most of the Cold War, and which prompted the doctrine of nuclear first-use that was the source of so much hand-wringing and friction among strategists, and between Washington and allied capitals.

The fact that NATO flexible response doctrine was never called to the test, and that we won the Cold War while resting on it, might make it seem that such a doctrine presents no threat to stability, or even helps to secure it. If the doctrine was effective against Moscow, however, does the United States wish to have the tables turned on itself--to be subjected to and deterred by such a doctrine? Or, if we would not be deterred by threats of escalation, does that mean that the doctrine is incredible (as many during the Cold War thought)? Or might it mean that in assuming it to be incredible, and then proceeding to wage a conventional war without restraining civilian "interference", we would miscalculate and invite an adversary to actually implement such threats?

Such questions bedeviled both policymakers and analysts throughout the Cold War, and the fundamental disagreements were never resolved. A similar uncertainty would inevitably exist in a future where the tables were turned and would make pressing the U.S. conventional advantage risky. Thus an RMA is less of a sure solution to major strategic problems than it seems to many today. Indeed, it may make a nuclear exchange more likely, not less, notwithstanding the fact that, in this context, weapons of mass destruction would represent the adversary's primitive technological counter to U.S. high-tech conventional superiority. Would it be in the U.S. interest to give such an adversary--especially one fighting over stakes intrinsically more important to it than to the United States (such as Russia regarding Ukraine, or China vis-ˆ-vis Taiwan)--an incentive to consider nuclear or biological escalation as the only alternative to losing? As Eliot Cohen rightly notes, "The revolution in military affairs may bring a kind of tactical clarity to the battlefield, but at the price of strategic obscurity."

It is unclear how much of a revolution in military operational potential is really underway. Still less clear is what it all may mean, and we have not yet progressed very far beyond narrow, mostly technical considerations. Nearly all the discussion is about operational and tactical implications--as if the strategic implications must simply be those writ very large. A real RMA is good for the United States, but not in an unalloyed way. Potential unanticipated effects--on domestic political support for war and military expenditures, and on the possibilities of miscalculation and escalation in future conflicts both small and large--need to be considered by strategists as well as those responsible for overseeing the technical development of the RMA. After all, even the best tools are of little use to a craftsman with a blurred blueprint.

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Issue:
Fall 1996

          Answered: When did Pakistan tested its 1st indigenous armed drone Burraq and laser guided missile Barq        
On 14 March 2015 Pakistan has tested its 1st indigenous armed drone Burraq and laser guided missile Barq. By successfully testing of Burraq, Pakistan became the 9th country in the World to develop an unmanned combat aerial vehicle (UCAV) domestically. Burraq was developed by a venture of the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) and the National Engineering and Scientific Commission (NESCOM). With Barq laser-guided missile mounted on it, Burraq can hit moving targets as well as stationary targets with pinpoint accuracy. UCAV Burraq was first flight tested in May 2009. At present, Pakistan has several types of unarmed surveillance drones in operation, but Burraq and Shahpar are its domestically developed UCAVs.
          Israel's Special Forces        
Israel has 40 Special Forces units, here are some of them:



















Sayeret Matkal - General Staff Reconnaissance Unit 269:

Founded: 1957

Sayeret Matkal, also known as General Staff Reconnaissance Unit 269, is the unit most people are referring to when discussing the Israeli war against terrorism. Operatives from this unit have led, or been an instrumental part of, almost every notable counter-terrorist (and anti-terrorist) operation conducted on behalf of Israel from 1957 to the present. It is also the primary unit dedicated to hostage rescue missions within Israel. Sayeret Matkal has been assisted on occasion by other Israeli units such as the elite Sayeret Tzanhanim, Flotilla 13, and Sayeret Golani. During periods of war, this unit is tasked with the most risky intelligence gathering operations, a function it has reportedly accomplished successfully on numerous occasions.

Operations of note include the following:

Operation Isotope - On May 8-9, 1972, Sayerot commandos disguised themselves as Lod Airport maintenance personnel before storming a Sebena Belgian Airlines jetliner that had been hijacked by Black September terrorists. Operation Crate 3 - In June of 1972, concern was mounting over the fate of three Israeli airmen who had been taken captured by Syrian authorities. The decision was made that in order to be in a position to negotiate their release, Israel would need bargaining chips of their own. In response, Sayeret operatives, in an operation that has become their trademark, kidnapped five Syrian intelligence officers who were conducting a border tour with Palestinian terrorists at the time.

Operation Spring of Youth - On the night of April 9-10, 1973, Sayeret commandos, one disguised as a woman, conducted the assassinations of Black September leaders. What was remarkable about this operation was that the targets were in three separate locations and all in West Beirut, which was at the time enemy-held territory.

Worth mentioning also are press reports that operatives from this unit were responsible for the assassination of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) deputy commander and wanted terrorist, Abu Jihad in 1988.

Sayeret Duvdevan:

Duvdevan (cherry) is an elite special forces unit within the Israel Defense Forces, directly subordinate to the West Bank Division. Duvdevan are particularly noted for conducting undercover operations against militants in urban areas. During these operations, Duvdevan soldiers typically drive modified civilian vehicles and wear Arab civilian clothes as a disguise.

Duvdevan is one of the most prestigious units of the IDF, and thus recruitment to it is highly desirable among recruitment-aged youths in Israel.

The Duvdevan unit motto: "For by clever deception thou shalt wage war." (Proverbs 24:6)

The unit is actually recognized with only a unit identity number and Duvdevan is simply the nickname given to the unit. The commando units of the IDF are known as the katzefet, or "whipped cream" in English, of the combat forces. In the unit's short 20 year history it has stood above and beyond the traditional special units of the IDF and was thus nicknamed "Duvdevan," or "cherry" in English, in reference to its elite status even among the other special units of the IDF. The unit is unique in several ways: it is the only IDF unit (not including police units) that has no war time mission, just day-to-day hit and run operations. The unit, unlike other SF units, can operate in more than one place at once, and can operate independently. This means providing its own intelligence, backup, rescue, medical teams, extraction, snipers, demolitions, etc... The unit can perform high-risk arrests, raids, targeted killing, kidnappings and a range of other urban warfare operations.

Mission:

The unit falls under the command of the Judea and Samaria division (West Bank Division) of the IDF. This means the unit is under an area command, not a manpower or brigade command like most other Israeli Army units. This allows the unit to operate anywhere in the country and nowhere specific, unlike other special units that are attached to brigades, like Egoz to the Golani Brigade, Maglan to the Paratroopers Brigade, or Oketz and Lotar to the Adam army base. Only Duvdevan and Sayeret Matkal are authorized to wear their uniforms without identifying shoulder tabs. The unit is most similar to the Yamam and Yamas-Iosh police units.

History:

The unit underwent some major changes around 2002. They are as follows:

1. The unit's basic training was relocated to the paratrooper's base. It used to be held independently at the Adam base along with Rescue Unit 669 and Oketz. When 2 men died in training the basic training was delegated to the infantry. Basic training is 7 months and is done with the Tzanchanim.
2. Special units within Duvdevan were opened but remained classified.
3. The unit's base was relocated and newly built. It now stands alone and independently – most IDF units have their base within a larger base.

The unit prides itself on being the spearhead of Israeli counter terror operations. In 2002 the unit was awarded as such by the prime minister for having the most significant effect on the war on terror. The Duvdevan unit is regarded as one of the world's most successful counter-terror units. In January 2008, the unit successfully killed a major Islamic Jihad commander in the West Bank.

In April 2008, the unit tracked down and killed Hani Ka’abi after surrounding his house in the Balata neighborhood of Nablus. He headed a terrorist cell belonging to the Al Aksa Martyrs Brigades, linked to Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas’s Fatah. He was the mastermind of a plot to carry out a terrorist attack by slipping a slow-acting poison powder, virtually undetectable, into the food of diners at the “Grill Express” restaurant in Ramat Gan, where he had recruited two Arab kitchen workers as operatives.[2] Hosni Tzalag, Ka’abi’s deputy, and another terrorist were arrested during the operation. The soldiers recovered two rifles, ammunition magazines, and bulletproof vests at the home.

Yamam - SWAT Unit:

Mission:

The Yamam (?an acronym for Special Central Unit) is the elite civilian counter-terrorism unit in Israel. The Yamam is capable of both hostage-rescue operations and offensive take-over raids against targets in civilian areas. Besides military duties, it also performs SWAT duties and undercover police work.

History:

The Yamam was established in late 1974 after the Ma'alot massacre, where a failed operation by military special forces units resulted in the 21 children being murdered before the hostage takers were killed. Since hostage rescue in friendly territory is different from that in hostile areas, it was decided to establish an elite civilian force, which develops and practices a special CQB (Close Quarters Battles) doctrine for "counter-terrorism" operations in friendly territory and hostage rescue.

The Yamam has carried out many paramilitary operations. Some of the missions known to the public prior to the al-Aqsa Intifada are listed below:

* March 1978, a Yamam force engaged the terrorists who took over a bus in an event known as the "Coastal Road Massacre".
* In March 1988, the Yamam was called into action after a group of three Palestinians hijacked a bus full of women returning from work at the Negev Nuclear Research Center near Dimona, in an incident known as the "Mothers Bus". The Yamam struck, killing all three hijackers, but not managing to prevent three Israeli passengers from being killed.
* September 8th 1992: Yamam snipers shot and killed Eithan more, who killed 4 women in Mental Health clinic in Jerusalem.
* May 3rd, 1994: Yamam snipers shot and killed armed man in Uzi Meshoolam's compound after he shot on a police helicopter.
* On 3 March 2000, the Yamam captured an armed group hidden in the Israeli-Arab town of Tayibe with the aid of Sayeret Duvdevan and an IDF Caterpillar D9 bulldozer. In the end of the raid, one man was arrested and four were killed.

During the Second Intifada, under the Shin Bet's command, Yamam forces intercepted many terrorists, either by arresting them or killing them. Several high profile terrorists were killed by Yamam operators. Often, when the wanted Palestinian militants barricaded inside a building, Yamam force put a siege on it while IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozers forced them out by razing the structure.

The unit is primarily responsible for civilian hostage rescue within Israel's borders, but from about the mid-1990s it has also been used for tasks such as arresting police suspects who have barricaded themselves in structures and requiring specialized extraction methods, as well as in personal security for VIPs and in counter-terror operations within the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Yamam are schooled in basic Arabic and dress to assimilate within the Arab population to avoid detection in order to carry out raids to arrest those suspected of conducting terrorist activities within Israel.

However, most of the Yamam's activity is classified, and published Yamam operations are often credited to other units.

Yamas - Mistaravim:

Mission:

Mistaravim, lit. Arabized, is the name given to those counter-terrorism units of the Israel Defense Forces in which soldiers are specifically trained to disguise themselves as Arabs in order to kill or capture a wanted terrorist. These are also commonly known as the 'Arab Platoons'. In Tom Clancy's Op-Center: Acts of War, it is stated that Mistaravim do not allow their real identities to become known to people outside their unit, and that even when they are undercover, they go to great lengths to avoid being recorded. They are also said to be trained in counter-detection of human or mechanical surveillance.

Training:

Training for this unit is about fifteen months:

* Four months basic infantry training in the Mitkan Adam army base - the IDF Special Training Center.
* Two and a half months of advanced infantry training in the same base.
* Two months unit's basic training, which focus on advanced urban navigation exercises and the beginning of CT training.
* Four months Mistaravim course, which covers everything from learning the Arabs' traditions, language and their way of thought to civilian camouflage (hair dying, contact lenses, Arabs' clothing).
* One-month courses - sniper, driving and different instructors courses.

669 - Airborne combat search & rescue:

Mission:

669, Airborne Rescue And Evacuation Unit 669 is the Israel Defense Forces heliborne medevac extraction unit, subordinate to the Special Air Forces Command of the Israeli Air Force. It is considered one of the IDF's premier elite units.

History:

Unit 669 was founded in 1974, in the aftermath of the 1973 Yom Kippur War, when an ad-hoc medevac unit made some 5000 extractions. Its initial mandate was to extract and provide initial medical treatment to downed (and possibly injured) pilots beyond enemy lines. However, in later years the unit also participated in extraction of soldiers of other arms of the Israeli Defense Forces, especially Sayeret (Special Forces) fighters in operations beyond enemy lines and seamen in distress.

Training:

Due to the possibility of having to fight their way to casualties beyond enemy lines, unit soldiers are highly trained in special forces tactics and become highly efficient ground soldiers in addition to their high level of paramedic training. Typically, their training and selection lasts 18 months. Courses that candidates must pass include:

* Combat medics' course
* Parachuting course in the IDF Parachuting School
* Scuba Diving course
* Counter-terrorism course in the IDF Counter-Terror Warfare School
* Rappelling course
* Rescue under harsh conditions
* Navigation
* Commanders' course

Upon completion of their training, unit soldiers are expected to sign on for an extra 16 months of service following their three-year mandatory service.

Shaldag:

Unit 5101, better known as Shaldag, is primarily tasked with targeting enemy structures and vehicles for assault by Israeli fighting aircraft. Using their high-energy laser designators, they can mark targets for fighter-bomber launched laser-guided bombs or Hellfire missiles from Israeli AH-64 helicopters.

Many times this involves long range patrols to the target sites. Because of this Shaldag is also sometimes used for reconnaissance. They also provide assistance and operate in Counter Terrorism and hostage rescue operations.

They are staged out of Palmahaim Air base; the unit comprises 40-50 soldiers, with five to six teams of eight to nine operators. They are regularly outfitted with M-16 or M4A1 assault rifles with the M203 grenade launcher attached. When performing Counter-Terrorist/hostage rescue duties they carry the Sig-Sauer or Glock 9mm series pistols and the Mauser SR 82/66 sniper rifle.

Members of Shaldag are considered elite, and go through a rigorous selection and training phase musch like members of other Israeli units such as Sayeret Matkal and Sayeret Tzanhanim. Their training consists oflong marches, basic and advanced land navigation, and coordination and radio communications with Israeli Air Force and Army pilots. It is reported that these soldiers go through a minimum of 1 year and 8 months of training before they are considered operationally ready.

Members of Shaldag were able to prove their worth in the 1996 Lebannon action by finding and designating mobile rocket launchers for destruction. These launchers had been used in unguided terror attacks along the Lebannon-Israeli border.

Shayetet 13 - Flotilla 13:

Within the IDF (Israeli Defense Force) Navy exists an elite unite of commandos known as the Bat Men. Their official name is Shayetet 13, or Flotilla 13, and they are responsible for the IDF Navy's Special Warfare capabilities. Flotilla 13 can trace it's roots back to the birth of the Israeli nation, and in their service they have managed to carve an international reputation as one of the best, if not most experienced, naval special warfare units in the world.

Israel's Naval Commandos under go a rigorous selection phase like most other elite units. In the case of the Naval Commandos, however, the initial selection phase stresses psychological toughness and tests hopefulls in their ability to take and operate under stress and fear. There is not a big push to weed out those unfit for the unit quickly, the training process is long and hard, with plenty of time for those who don't quite match up to move on to other units. In all, a potential Shayetet 13 operator will have to undergo almost a year and 8 months or training before he can pin on the coveted crest of the unit.

After the selection phase, trainee's attend the IDF's Bislach (infantry school) for two-and-a-half months of advanced infantry training. Following completion of this school, they next are sent to a 3 week HALO HAHO school to learn the foundation of parachute ops. Following this school the trainees are asigned to Atlit Naval Base to complete their training, receiving their underwater and counter-terrorism training at this point.

As with other special forces units, the training and selection is arduous, but Shayetet 13's training phase is considered to be the most difficult in the entire IDF.

Oketz Unit:

The Oketz Unit, lit. sting, is the independent canine special forces (sayeret) unit, founded in 1939 as part of the Haganah, within the Israel Defense Forces. The unit specialises in training and handling dogs for military applications. Originally, Oketz trained dogs to attack kidnappers, but training has become more specialized, and now the canine unit. Each dog is now trained to have a particular speciality. Attack dogs are trained to operate in urban areas, as well as in rural, bushy areas (they were used extensively in Lebanon). Dogs are trained as tracking and chasing dogs, for manhunts and detecting breaches at the borders. Dogs are also trained as weapons and ammunition dogs, to search for guns and munitions, as explosive dogs, to sniff out hidden explosives and as search and rescue dogs, to find people in collapsed buildings.

Oketz operators are often assigned to other units in the case of a particular need for their specialist skills, such as in the extraction of terrorists from fortified buildings. Though not affiliated with the IDF Paratroopers Brigade, Unit Oketz operators wear the same distinctive red berets and the unit's graduation ceremony is held at the Paratroopers headquarters. However, in order to join Oketz, the recruit must choose Kfir Infantry Brigade as first priority in the request form and then pass through trials.

Dogs:

Oketz prefers Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois), over the German Shepherd Dog and Rottweiler, which were employed formerly. The reasons for the choice are twofold: they're the perfect size to be picked up by their handler while still being able to attack an enemy, and their coats are short and general neutral to fair in color, making them less prone to heatstroke.

Egoz Reconnaissance Unit:

The Egoz Reconnaissance Unit is an elite special forces unit of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) that specializes in guerrilla and anti-guerrilla warfare among other things. The Egoz Battalion is part of the Northern Command's Golani Brigade.

Before the year 2000, Egoz operated mainly in Israel's Northern Command, combating threats from the Hezbollah. Following Israel's withdrawal from Southern Lebanon, its operations were moved to the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In 2003 and 2004, Egoz prevented more terrorist acts than any other IDF unit.[citation needed] The unit still does some reconnaissance in southern Lebanon.

The Egoz Unit was founded in 1956 as a special forces unit (sayeret), but was disbanded and re-organized in 1964 due to a friendly fire incident. After the Six-Day War, it became a battalion. It was disbanded again following the Yom Kippur War due to manpower shortages in other units, and re-formed in 1995 as an anti-guerrilla unit (company). Most of the initial fighters came from the Shimshon Unit. Its commander was from the Navy Commandos and as a result, much of the discipline, tactics and professionalism come from the Navy Commandos, and are the foundations upon which the unit was built on.

The training of an Egoz unit begins with basic training, advanced exercises, and unit marches, after which each soldier is interviewed by Israeli intelligence to determine if he should be screened out from the second phase of training. The second phase consists of learning camouflage warfare, various kinds of assaults, land navigation, completing the squad leaders course, jeep driving course, counter-terrorism course, parachute course, reconnaissance course and the alpine course – if there is snow in the Hermon area- among other courses that are highly classified.

When operating in Lebanon, the unit uses unmarked cartridges, as well as the Russian-made RPD and PK light machine guns. Soldiers using the M16 standard issue weapon have the Litton Akila night vision system mounted on it.

Sayeret Tzanhanim:

Sayeret Tzanhanin is a commando force roughly analogous to the United States Army's Rangers. They are capable of airborne operations, and have conducted many long range patrols into Lebanon since the Lebanon War.

Sayeret Tzanhanin's most public mission was the raid on the Entebbe Airport in Uganda. In that action they assisted Sayeret Mat'kal in the liberation of 103 Israeli and Jewish hostages being held there. Sayeret Tzanhanin was responsible for preventing the Ugandan Army from posing as a threat to the operation as well as placing beacons that allowed the Israeli C-130s to take off from the pitch dark runways.

During Operation Law and Order, Sayeret Tzanhanin neutralized the Shi'ite Hizbollah terrorist presence in the strategically located town of Maidun. During the urban battle that saw RPGs, .50 caliber machine guns, and LAW rockets used at point blank range, over 50 terrorists were killed. Two Sayeret Tzanhanin officers and one NCO were killed, dozens of others were wounded.

During the Gibush, a three day long training and testing period, potential recruits are rigorously monitored as they are taken to the limits of their physical and mental stamina. Only the strongest survive. Out of a hundred candidates, only a few dozen will be allowed to progress beyond the Gibush. One of the final events in their training is the Masa'a Kumta, or Beret March. During this exercise Tzanhanin candidates endure a 90km forced march (roughly 50 miles) with full gear (this can include anti tank missile launching units) over rough terrain.

Sayeret Tzanhanin commandos are trained in the use of numerous weapons. Assault rifles such as the M-16, AK-47, and Galil 5.56mm are familiar to its members; as are the FN-MAG and a IMI modified M-14 sniper rifle. Grenades, mortars, LAW rockets, and RPGs are also part of their arsenal.

Sayeret Maglan:

Also known as Unit 212 or Sayeret Maglan is an Israeli Special Forces unit which specializes in operating behind enemy lines and deep in enemy territory using advanced technologies and weaponry.

The unit's name is derived from the Ibis bird (In Hebrew: Maglan).

The IDF keeps the unit's designated missions a secret and gives no information about it or the operations in which the Unit takes part. Maglan only became publicly known in 2006. Very little is known about the unit, only that the force performs arrests and assassination of high value persons and that the unit specializes in camouflage and stealth operations behind enemy lines, deep within hostile territory. Like Sayeret Matkal, although the troops in the unit wear a red beret and brown combat boots and conduct basic training at one of the paratroopers' bases, they are not part of the Paratroopers. Maglan has a 25 months training program, and many of the cadets drop out due to the harsh nature of the program. Similarly to Sayeret Matkal, Maglan answers to the IDF's General Staff and not to one of its regional commands.

Maglan is a relatively new unit. It is rumored that it was deployed on SCUD hunting missions in Iraq during the First Gulf War in 1991.

During the Second Lebanon War, the unit took part in many operations and achieved great success. During Operation Beach-Boys, the unit operated along the western coastal strip of Lebanon and destroyed 250 targets, among them 40 rocket launchers.

Sayeret Yahalom:

Yahalom is a special elite combat engineering unit of the Israeli Engineering Corps of the Israel Defense Forces. The name "Yahalom" (Diamond in Hebrew) is an abbreviation of "Special Operations Engineering Unit".
Combat Engineering Unit for Special Operations - Yahalom

Sayeret Yahalom specializes in special engineering missions which include:

* Commando and Counter-Terrorism missions.
* Accurate demolitions and planting of pinpoint explosives.
* Defusing bombs, landmines and unexploded ordnance (Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)).
* Maritime sabotage and obstacles breaching.
* Searching and destroying smuggling tunnels.
* Developing advanced methods and tools for demolitions and EOD.
* Teaching and training engineering corps soldiers and other Special Units in demolitions and EOD.

Sayeret Yahalom is a classified unit and almost none of its special activities are exposed to the public. When its activities are published, they are usually just credited to a "combat engineering force"; a term which can just as well be used to describe regular Engineering sappers, IDF Caterpillar D9 operators and infantry engineering companies.

Jane's Defence Weekly has claimed that Sayeret Yahalom are working closely with Sayeret Matkal and Shayetet 13, by providing them with demolition, explosive and sabotage skills.

___The top 3___

These are the most elite IDF sayeret units. As such they perform the most important missions of the IDF, usually of a strategic nature. Its soldiers undergo longer training regimes than other sayeret units and are also proficient in long range solo navigation (as opposed to other units where long range navigation is done with a minimum of 2 fighters).

* Sayeret Matkal - the IDF principal special operations/commando unit, used mainly to obtain strategic intelligence behind enemy lines, counter-terrorism, and to perform hostage-rescue missions outside of Israel's borders.

* Shayetet 13 -
the naval commando unit. Also in charge of maritime hostage-rescue missions. Part of the Israeli Navy, its selection and training is considered the most arduous of the entire IDF, due to its maritime role.

* Shaldag Unit -
the Israeli Air Force commando unit, it specializes in forward air control and target designation for the Air Force.



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          Brad Noble laser guided painting        

I will be assisting Brad Noble in a laser guided painting at Cercle Artistic de Sant LLuc. It is a collaborative project of Noble invovling any viewer willing to participate. February 25th, 18h PALAU MERCADER • C/ MERCADERS, 42, BARCELONA

The post Brad Noble laser guided painting appeared first on SomanyProjects.com.


          MODERN LASER GUIDED BOMBS        

Our favourite author Carlo Kopp discusses the advancements in the LGB (Laser Guided Bomb) sector from conventional aerodynamically stabilized ‘orthodox laser’ to gimbaled ‘hybrid’ seeker

Read more »

          Laser guided mole mapping        

Mole mapping has long been an integral part of my clinical practice for monitoring patients at high risk for skin cancer, particularly melanoma. Combining clinical imaging with high resolution dermoscopy images allows a much more accurate monitoring of moles for signs of change. Over the years I have detected many cases of early melanoma in […]

The post Laser guided mole mapping appeared first on Dr Jonathan Bowling.


          Artists! - How To Successfully Sell Your Art From A Facebook Page.        

Selling Art Made Easy


One of the big hang-ups for artists is that they aren't sure they really want to profit from their art.  They want to make art, they want to be known for making art, but they aren't always about the money. If so, I sympathize, really I do. I was this person until I realized a fundamental fact of life. Here's why you need to be about the money. To be great at whichever medium of art you are creating, what you need above anything else is , , and . If you aren't profiting from your art then you still need to make money by working. The problem with this is that it cuts into the amount of time you can devote to your art. When you make your art your business, you have the full day to devote to what you love doing . The result of this is that you will improve and move forward much faster than before. It means that your focus isn't split. Your art becomes your main occupation. Now, I'm not saying that this works overnight, however, if you are interested in taking this route and achieving your artistic goal as soon as possible then this is going to be the most exciting message you ever read. I'm Going To Show You The Most Effective Methods Of Promoting And Selling Your Art Through Facebook... You may be asking yourself this question and whether Facebook is really the best platform to sell your art from. Do you know anyone who hasn't got a Facebook account? Everyone uses Facebook, including your target audience. They talk to each other and share information, THEY CAN ACTUALLY DO MOST OF YOUR PROMOTION FOR YOU . So, knowing how to use this to your advantage is important. This eBook covers nearly everything you need to know about Setting up a Facebook page, how to brand yourself as an artist, how to reach a worldwide audience and sell successfully with ease You see, my inspiration for this guide was that having just gone through Art College, I realized, quite quickly, I had not really been taught how to market myself effectively. Earlier this year I gave a one hour lecture where I shared some of the basics of marketing with the students at my local art college, and I got so much positive feedback that I realized this guide needed to be written. Imagine being able to share with your fans the progress of a piece of your art from start to finish. Wouldn't that be great? Or what about if you could sell, and take payments for your art, direct from a Facebook Page. How would that feel if you could do this? Imagine being able to display your art on posters, mugs and t-shirts, spreading your branding wider and making extra income. It truly is possible, but you need to know how. That's what this brand new e-book could help you to do. , this is a guide that will take you from being an artist, to being an artist that knows how to market their talent and sell their artwork efficiently, and to their full potential. And it's not like any other ebook you've ever read on learning the most effective methods of promoting and selling your art through Facebook. Simply because, every section in the book is there because Well, not "you" really, but from real live questions during my lecture. wanting to know how to set up a Facebook page, how to brand themselves as an artist, how to reach a worldwide audience and sell successfully with ease and a smallish budget at the outset. They asked me their most pressing questions on the most effective ways to promote and sell, how to reach their specific audiences, how to retain clients and how to ensure they made a name for themselves. This means no fluff. Just the real answers you want to know. Here's a sneak peek at what you'll discover in  "How To Successfully Sell Your Art From A Facebook Page!" How to and keep your fans interested in progress How toand keep your fans interested in progress to present your work to keep your fans coming back for more The little-known way to ensure a proud buyer passes on your contact details The little-known way to ensure a proud buyer passes on your contact details Discover in minutes how to offer incentives to ensure your Facebook posts go viral Discover in minutes how to offer incentives to ensure your Facebook posts go viral A dirt-cheap way to generate tons of new fans and interest in your work using YouTube and interest in your work using YouTube A free and easy way to advertise using demographics to specifically target buyers and take payment for your art and take payment for your art The hidden truth behind offering incentives without spending a huge amount of money  The hidden truth behind offering incentives without spending a huge amount of money for working with other artists in your field to increase your fan base for working with other artists in your field to increase your fan base And that's of what you'll find out in "How To Successfully Sell Your Art From A Facebook Page!" That's why you should own this book today (in fact, you can be reading in as little as 5 minutes from now!) Have you been looking for this for ages? Here's How You Can Get Instant Access Today: To grab this guide to "How To Successfully Sell Your Art From A Facebook Page!" there's an order button below. Once you've clicked that button, you'll be taken to the order screen to make a secure payment. You will then be able to download your Ebook within seconds. That means you can literally get started today... for the postman for the next few days! The material is available to read online and to download to your computer. So no matter what, you'll always have a backup copy if you need it. So, there's one last question for you… To have someone do all this research for you would normally cost you around $500 for their time alone. Particularly laser-guided accurate information like this - complete and detailed information on Setting up a Facebook page, how to brand yourself as an artist, how to reach a worldwide audience, retain clients and sell successfully with ease. This isn't some boiler-plate collection of answers. Everything is explained in English. Which means it's . And it's logically laid out. Everything is explained inEnglish. Which means it's. And it's logically laid out. Which is why "How To Successfully Sell Your Art From A Facebook Page!" . That's right, a fraction of what it's really worth or what it cost me to research and put together. Why would I make it so affordable? Simply because my costs to deliver it to you are so low. The truth is that I know the last thing you need is a hefty outlay. It's not fair to ask for huge sums of money when you're starting out. Besides, the way I see it, you'll like it so much that you'll hopefully want to buy more services and products from me in the future. Either way, there's no obligation or pressure. and see what happens. This is an electronic book (e-book) that can be downloaded to your computer in a flash. Which means you can be reading it and discovering all these amazing secrets in as little as . So I figure I'll be able to offer this fantastic resource of information (which if you follow the tips contained in its pages could really give you some amazing benefits) to more people. And make my investment back over time. No matter what however, it's a bargain for you.  is a drop in the ocean compared to what you learn with these secrets. But despite how small the investment is, I'd still like to make sure you are totally happy and protected with this... So, don't worry, if for any reason you're not happy with the content, you have a complete guarantee to protect your investment. If you're not entirely satisfied with the practical advice inside this book then you are free to request a refund within 60 days.  Please take the time to go through this guide, and only then, decide if it's right for you or not. We're confident that you'll find so much useful advice in this eBook, but if you disagree, for any or no reason at all, then you're entitled to a full and prompt refund. No questions, no drama. That's about as fair as it gets, don't you agree? You can't leave this page empty handed, can you? , you're getting the answers you need ... . Now, you can only get this product from me. It's not available in libraries or anywhere else on the net. Just imagine being able to get these answers downloaded to you right away. , you're getting everything to get you started in Setting up a Facebook page, how to brand yourself as an artist, how to reach a worldwide audience and sell successfully with ease. So if that's what you want to do, this is the opportunity you've been waiting for.

High-quality Ebook Paying Great Commission Of 65% Per Sale. Comprehensive Affiliate Support Offered With All Tools Supplied For You To Copy And Paste And Start Selling Fast. Niche Untapped Market, Full Of Buyers And Tons Of Traffic To Boot!
          Navy Delivers 1st APKWS Units to Jordan        
The Navy and industry partner BAE recently shipped 110 Advanced Precision Kill Weapons System (APKWS) units to Jordan for integration on its CASA CN-235 light gunship aircraft. Jordan is the first international partner to receive APKWS, a laser-guided rocket that can destroy targets while limiting collateral damage in close combat. "APKWS is a versatile, reliable and effective weapon that will enhance Jordan's warfighting capability in the Middle East region," said Capt. Al Mousseau, Direc...
          The Business of War: SOFEX        

SOFEX is where the world's leading generals come to buy everything from handguns to laser-guided missile systems. It stands for "Special Operations Forces Exhibition Conference" and it's essentially a trade-show where just about anyone with enough money can buy the most powerful weapons in the world.

Entrada proporcionada por un amigo anónimo. 

Muchas gracias


          We're Just One Big Happy Global Family        
Published today in The New York Times:
The Bush administration is rushing a delivery of precision-guided bombs to Israel, which requested the expedited shipment last week after beginning its air campaign against Hezbollah targets in Lebanon, American officials said Friday.

The decision to quickly ship the weapons to Israel was made with relatively little debate within the Bush administration, the officials said. Its disclosure threatens to anger Arab governments and others because of the appearance that the United States is actively aiding the Israeli bombing campaign in a way that could be compared to Iran’s efforts to arm and resupply Hezbollah.

The munitions that the United States is sending to Israel are part of a multimillion-dollar arms sale package approved last year that Israel is able to draw on as needed, the officials said. But Israel’s request for expedited delivery of the satellite and laser-guided bombs was described as unusual by some military officers, and as an indication that Israel still had a long list of targets in Lebanon to strike.
Yesterday, London's The Independent had a great graphic on its cover which perfectly illustrated the problem:



Well, aren't we in a big steaming pile of our own self-produced shit.

          Small Craft Advisor        
Issue No. 67
Great memories of our eight-day coastal cruise in June arrived in the mail today.  Like a bright spot of sailing sunshine on a cold winter day, there it was, the latest issue of "Small Craft Advisor" magazine addressed to SOS.  Inside issue No. 67 is a wonderful four-page article by Steve Earley about the longest and most varied day of our eight-day Tag-Team cruise aboard Spartina and Dawn Patrol.  Steve knows how to tell a good story.  The article is accompanied by six photos. One is a lovely photo (by Steve or Bruce on Spartina) of SandyBottom enjoying her turn at the helm of Dawn Patrol

While issue 67 is arriving by mail for subscribers, issue 66 is still on the news stands and on the magazine's website.

Previous posts on Steve Earley's Log of Spartina:
day1
day2
day3
day4
day5
day6
day7
day8


The cover photo on Issue No. 67 is of a new John Welsford design, the SCAMP  (LOA 10'-12', Beam 4'-5'.)  The name is an acronym for Small Craft Advisor Magazine Project.   Several are being built.  Two are scheduled to race in the 2011 Everglades Challenge.   It's beyond me why the editors wanted to put their own SCAMP on the cover when they could have featured this fine photo by Steve Earley...
Hypothetical cover photo:  Did not happen
What a nice cover that would have been. The issue does include a version of this photo as a thumbnail in the table of contents.

Issue 63 cover photo:  Spartina and Bruce Hollingsworth
on 2009 cruise  [photo by Steve Earley]



Spartina's Skeeter-Beater Cruise in No. 63

Spartina recently graced the cover of issue 63 which contained another four-page article by Steve, entitled "Pamlico Sound in Spartina"...













 
Issue 46 cover photo:
The wa'apa sailing canoe "Fall"
[photo by SOS aboard the twin, "Rise"]
Origins of Dawn Patrol in No. 46

Dawn Patrol's origins can be traced back to issue 46 which featured an article by Randy Marshall about the 2007 Everglades Challenge (EC). New boats appeared in the article, including Graham Byrnes' EC22 Southern Skimmer crewed by Graham and Randy, and a pair of wa'apa sailing canoes, Rise and Fall.

Rise and Fall were built just-in-time for the EC by SOS and three of his friends when they were 20-year-old engineering students at NC State University (NCSU).Building in rented space, with support from family and friends, they were dumpster-diving for materials but cutting out parts in the NCSU student workshop on laser-guided / computer-controlled machines. Donations: epoxy from Duckworks, rudders from CrazyRussian, sails from Brian Weber, seats from DWSB, borrowed paddles, etc. SOS and Matt Hazard in Rise, and Mike Rhodes and Chris Hazard in Fall finished in 1st place in Class 5.

Rise and Fall in 2007 [by DWSB]








Graham Byrnes,  Matthew Layden,  Alan Stewart
aboard Southern Skimmer in 2007    [by DWSB]















Meanwhile Southern Skimmer was also built just-in-time for the 2007 EC and finished in 1st Place among all boats. After the race, Graham gave SOS, Wizard and me a ride on the new EC22 in Florida Bay off Key Largo. It was a beautiful experience and the idea "I want to build and sail one of these!" took root.

A few months later SOS successfully talked me into building a Core Sound 20 in time for the 2008 EC.   I had no choice for two reasons:   SandyBottom was helping him twist my arm,   and you cannot say "no" when your boat-building son wants to spend quality time with you building a boat you know you'll love building and sailing.   Yep, I know I'm a lucky guy.

Now another EC is just around the corner.  The Dawn Patrol, a pair of SCAMPs, and many other sailboats, sea kayaks, sailing kayaks and other innovative new designs will be gathered on Tampa Bay to take on the EC challenge.   And after that adventure in early March, Spring sailing is sure to follow.

A new issue of "Small Craft Advisor" helps warm and brighten a cold winter day.

--Paul

          SEJARAH PERANG VIETNAM        


Pada tanggal 2 September 1945 di Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh secara umum mendeklarasikan kemerdekaan Vietnam. Ketika para komunis di Vietnam Selatan Viet Minh mengikutsertakan pemerintahan kolonial Perancis pada perang gerilya, bermula tepat setelah deklarasi kemerdekaan tersebut, Ho Chi Minh, pada posisinya sebagai pemimpin pergerakkan kemerdekaan di Vietnam Utara, memutuskan untuk bernegosiasi dengan Perancis. Alasannya adalah : pada waktu itu lebih dari 180.000 pasukan nasionalis Cina di Vietnam Utara; Viet Minh di Vietnam Utara merasa secara simultan liberalisasi mereka untuk melawan kekuatan dari kolonial Perancis dan pasukan Cina.
Pada tahun 1946, setelah Perancis membangun kembali pemerintahan kolonial mereka di Vietnam, para nasionalis Cina setuju diberlakukannya kembali pasukan Cina dari Vietnam. Hal ini telah terjadi, Viet Minh menambah serangan mereka terhadap kekuatan kolonial Perancis dan memasangnya juga di bagian Selatan dan Utara Vietnam. Ketika Perancis berhasil dalam menahan kota dibawah kekuasaan mereka, peraturan di daerah pedalaman makin bertambah karena Viet Minh.
20 November 1953, kekuatan kolonial Perancis menempatkan sebanyak 16.000 pasukannya di Bien Phu, yaitu sebuah lembah pegunungan di sepanjang perbatasan Vietnam Utara dan Laos Utara. Dari Dien Bien Phu, Perancis bermaksud untuk mengawasi daerah perbatasan di antara kedua negara. Hal ini dianggap perlu karena Viet Minh melakukan pergerakan komunis dilengkapi dengan persenjataan di Laos, Pathet Lao.
Militer Perancis percaya bahwa Lembah Dien Bien Phu yang memiliki panjang 19 kilometer dan lebar 13 kilometer, aman dari serangan Viet Minh. Namun pada minggu-minggu dan bulan-bulan berikutnya, pasukan Vietnam dibawah pimpinan Jenderal Giap, menyiapkan penyerangan ke Dien Bien Phu. Dengan bantuan lebih dari 200.000 orang kuli pengangkut barang, Viet Minh mengatur pengangkutan artileri berat ke gunung-gunung yang mengelilingi lembah Dien Bien Phu.
Pada bulan Maret 1954, Viet Minh memulai penyerangan mereka terhadap pasukan Perancis di Dien Bien Phu. Pada tanggal 7 Mei 1954, mereka berhasil menaklukan pusat komando Perancis. 9.500 anggota pasukan kolonial Perancis ditangkap. Ini merupakan kekalahan paling buruk dalam sejarah pasukan kolonial Perancis.
Lebih dari 20.000 orang Viet Minh dan lebih dari 3.000 orang Perancis terbunuh dalam pertempuran di Dien Bien Phu. Perang antara Viet Minh dengan Perancis yang berlangsung selama sembilan tahun, telah menelan korban jiwa yang sangat besar. Lebih dari satu juta warga sipil, 200.000 hingga 300.000 orang Viet Minh dan lebih dari 95.000 anggota pasukan kolonial Perancis telah kehilangan nyawanya.
Pada tanggal 20 Juli 1954 di Jenewa, negosiator Viet Minh dan Perancis setuju membagi Vietnam menjadi dua negara bagian : komunis Vietnam Utara dan kapitalis Vietnam Selatan.
Pada tahun 1959-1963, setelah gerilya komunis Vietnam Selatan dapat menjatuhkan pemerintahan Diem, pemerintahan komunis Vietnam Utara mengendalikan jalannya konfrontasi militer. Lebih dari 40.000 gerilya Vietnam Utara masuk ke wilayah selatan, dan memberikan persenjataan dan amunisi kepada komunis Vietnam Selatan, yang dibawa melalui jalan-jalan kecil Ho Chi Minh di wilayah Laos dan Kamboja.
Pada tahun 1961, presiden AS yang baru dipilih, Kennedy, mengirimkan 100 penasihat militernya yang pertama bersama dengan satu unit khusus dengan 400 tentara ke Vietnam. Pada tahun berikutnya, AS menambah jumlah pasukannya di Vietnam menjadi 11.000 tentara.
Pada tanggal 2 Agustus 1964, dua kapal pesiar Amerika di tembaki oleh kapal-kapal patroli Vietnam Utara di Teluk Tonkin. Amerika bersikeras bahwa kapal-kapal pesiar itu berada di perairan internasional. Dan menjadikan peristiwa itu sebagai alasan untuk membom Vietnam Utara untuk pertama kalinya. Hanya saja pada tahun 1971, diketahui bahwa dua kapal perang Amerika telah melanggar daerah perairan Vietnam Utara.
Pada bulan Maret 1965, pesawat tempur AS memulai Operation Rolling Thunder, pemboman besar-besaran terhadap Vietnam Utara. Sekitar tiga setengah tahun kemudian, bom-bom dijatuhkan di sekitar Vietnam Utara yang jumlahnya dua kali lebih banyak dari jumlah bom yang dijatuhkan pada Perang Dunia II.
Untuk mengurangi pembangunan industri dan penduduk negara, Vietnam Utara memberlakukan desentralisasi total ekonomi dan evakuasi sejumlah orang dari kota-kota.
Puncak Perang Vietnam pada tahun 1968, yaitu saat AS mengirimkan hampir setengah juta tentaranya ke Vietnam. Pasukan Australia, Selandia Baru, Korea Selatan, Filipina dan Thailand semuanya berjumlah 90.000 orang. Dan saat itu tentara Vietnam Selatan berjumlah 1,5 juta orang.
Front Pembebasan Nasional di bawah kepemimpinan komunis, yang diberi nama Vietkong oleh AS, memiliki kekuatan 400.000 pasukan.
Pada tanggal 1 Februari 1968, kekuatan Tentara Pembebasan Nasional memulai serangan Tet ke 105 kota-kota di Vietnam Selatan. Walaupun Vietkong berhasil dipukul mundur dan mengalami kekalahan (kecuali di Hué), serangan Tet ini merupakan saat yang menentukan dalam Perang Vietnam.
Serangan Tet mengakibatkan perubahan sikap AS. Setelah serangan Tet, pemerintahan AS tidak tertarik lagi ingin memenangkan perang. Tapi mereka hanya tidak ingin kehilangan reputasinya sebagai kekuatan militer terhebat.
Melalui operasi militer AS, angkatan udara AS melakukan pengeboman ke wilayah Vietnam Utara, dan berakhir pada Oktober 1968. AS mulai menarik kembali pasukan-pasukannya dari Vietnam.
Tahun 1969 di Paris, AS, Vietnam Selatan, Vietnam Utara dan Vietkong melakukan negosiasi untuk menarik seluruh pasukan AS dari Vietnam.
Pada tahun 1972, sebelum negosiasi Paris membawa hasil, AS telah mengurangi pasukannya sebesar 100.000 orang dari Vietnam.
Tanggal 30 Maret 1972, terjadi serangan komunis, tapi bukan oleh Vietkong melainkan oleh pasukan Vietnam Utara yang melewati garis demarkasi (17 derajat garis lintang utara) melanggar wilayah Vietnam Selatan. Pengeboman yang dilakukan secara terus-menerus oleh pesawat tempur AS, telah menyebabkan mundurnya pasukan Vietnam Utara.
Pada tanggal 27 Januari 1973, persetujuan gencatan senjata ditandatangani di Paris dan mulai diberlakukan sejak hari itu. Pada bulan Maret 1973, pasukan terakhir Amerika, meninggalkan Vietnam.
Dua tahun kemudian, Vietnam Utara dan kekuatan komunis Selatan memulai serangan dengan maksud untuk menguasai negara Vietnam Selatan. Beberapa minggu kemudian, tepatnya tanggal 30 April 1975, pasukan Vietnam Utara menduduki Saigon dan mengakibatkan berakhirnya perang yang telah berlangsung selama tiga puluh tahun.
Vietnam Pada ajang perang Vietnam, persenjataan telah makin berkembang termasuk penggunaan pesawat-pesawat tempur jet yang bahkan telah memasuki era jet supersonik. AS menggunakan F-105 dan F-4 Phantom untuk menghadapi pesawat Rusia yang terdiri dari MiG-17 dan MiG-21.
Pada perang Vietnam inilah untuk pertama kali digunakan secara besar-besaran surface-to-air missile (SAM) sebagai salah satu komponen penting dalam sistim pertahanan udara. Teknologi elektronik juga menjadi sangat berpengaruh dalam perang ini dengan mulai banyak digunakannya bom laser-guided maupun yang optically-guided. Demikian pula penggunaan sistem deteksi rudal serta radar-jamming countermeasures. Juga roket baik yang air-to-air maupun yang air-to-ground.
Penggunaan kapal induk sebagai pangkalan pesawat-pesawat tempur menjadi begitu berperan dibanding dengan apa yang dilakukan pada Perang Dunia Kedua. Disamping itu dalam Perang Vietnam inilah dikembangkan sistem pengisian bahan bakar pesawat di udara oleh pesawat terbang tanker sebagai upaya AS dalam meningkatkan radius of action serta kemampuan manuver pesawat-pesawat tempurnya dalam melawan pesawat-pesawat produk Rusia.
Dalam ajang Perang Vietnam terlihat AS agak kewalahan dalam menghadapi keampuhan pesawat-pesawat tempur buatan Rusia. Untuk air-to-air combat Vietnam menggunakan MIG-17 dan MiG-19, sementara AS mengandalkan F-4 Phantom-nya. Pesawat AS lainnya yang banyak terlibat dalam perang Vietnam antara lain F-100, OV-10 Bronco, C-123, C-130 dan C-7 Trash Haulers, selain itu digunakan pula F-105, F-111 dan B-52 sebagai pembom.
Pada Perang Vietnam ini pulalah pesawat helikopter meningkat menjadi senjata tempur yang signifikan dengan pengembangan perannya dalam misi-misi observasi, combat tactical transport dan combat medical evacuation.
Tercatat pula dalam perang Vietnam ini, pengembangan pesawat C-47 Dakota yang dipersenjatai senapan mesin kaliber 12,7 mm di ekornya, sangat banyak membantu gerakan pasukan darat di bawah, pesawat ini dikenal kemudian dengan C-47 gun-ship.
Pada perang ini Rusia menggelar 2.300 surface-to-air missiles, ribuan penangkis serangan udara berbagai kaliber serta tidak kurang dari 180 pesawat MiG.
          Taking BIM to the Field: Autodesk Point Layout        
Last week, Autodesk announced the release of Autodesk Point Layout, formerly known as Get the Point.  Per the press release:

"Autodesk Point Layout automatically creates points from BIM and CAD models within Autodesk Revit, Autodesk AutoCAD and Autodesk Navisworks software. The point data drives robotic total station hardware, such as Topcon’s line of positioning systems and related hand-held devices or tablets, to give contractors and sub-contractors laser-guided pinpoint accuracy for the placement and verification of building elements."



Point Layout is another welcome addition to Autodesk's rapidly-expanding BIM-to-Field toolset, complementing previous acquisitions BIM 360 Glue (formerly Horizontal Glue), BIM 360 Field (formerly Vela Systems), and the Autodesk Fabrication portfolio (formerly MAP Software).



Autodesk reports, "Customers using the technology on which Autodesk Point Layout is based have reported significant savings in layout time and cost. Beyond cost and time savings, the increased accuracy of Autodesk Point Layout means higher quality work, less manpower required and a smoother, safer project environment for contractors."

View the original press release here.
          U.S. Air Force Deploys APKWS Laser-Guided Rockets on F-16s        
The U.S. Air Force has acquired BAE Systems' Advanced Precision Kill Weapon System (APKWSTM) laser-guided rockets for use in ongoing operations in Iraq and Afghanistan. The Air Force fielded the initial units to fulfill an urgent operational need for F-16 ...
          The Laser Guided Pool Cue        
Cheating? Continue reading
          First Egypt’s Ka-52 Aligator Attack Helicopter Assembling Progress Reported In Russia        
Egyptian Air Force first Ka-52 Aligator attack helicopter with desert camo has been spotted at the Progress factory in Arsenyev, Russia. According to Egypt’s Defence Ministry will get 46 Ka-52 Alligator combat helicopters in 2017-2019. Egypt and Russia signed a training agreement, which will see Egyptian pilots train for the Ka-52 in Russia in September 2016. Ka-52 Aligator Capabilities Ka-52 is equipped with four hardpoints under its wings Can take on laser-guided anti-tank missiles, rockets, air-to-air missiles Has laser-guided bombs capability Powered by two VK-2500 turboshaft engines Ka-52K has a cruising speed of 260 km/h and a maximum speed of...
          Israel's Special Forces        
Israel has 40 Special Forces units, here are some of them:



















Sayeret Matkal - General Staff Reconnaissance Unit 269:

Founded: 1957

Sayeret Matkal, also known as General Staff Reconnaissance Unit 269, is the unit most people are referring to when discussing the Israeli war against terrorism. Operatives from this unit have led, or been an instrumental part of, almost every notable counter-terrorist (and anti-terrorist) operation conducted on behalf of Israel from 1957 to the present. It is also the primary unit dedicated to hostage rescue missions within Israel. Sayeret Matkal has been assisted on occasion by other Israeli units such as the elite Sayeret Tzanhanim, Flotilla 13, and Sayeret Golani. During periods of war, this unit is tasked with the most risky intelligence gathering operations, a function it has reportedly accomplished successfully on numerous occasions.

Operations of note include the following:

Operation Isotope - On May 8-9, 1972, Sayerot commandos disguised themselves as Lod Airport maintenance personnel before storming a Sebena Belgian Airlines jetliner that had been hijacked by Black September terrorists. Operation Crate 3 - In June of 1972, concern was mounting over the fate of three Israeli airmen who had been taken captured by Syrian authorities. The decision was made that in order to be in a position to negotiate their release, Israel would need bargaining chips of their own. In response, Sayeret operatives, in an operation that has become their trademark, kidnapped five Syrian intelligence officers who were conducting a border tour with Palestinian terrorists at the time.

Operation Spring of Youth - On the night of April 9-10, 1973, Sayeret commandos, one disguised as a woman, conducted the assassinations of Black September leaders. What was remarkable about this operation was that the targets were in three separate locations and all in West Beirut, which was at the time enemy-held territory.

Worth mentioning also are press reports that operatives from this unit were responsible for the assassination of Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) deputy commander and wanted terrorist, Abu Jihad in 1988.

Sayeret Duvdevan:

Duvdevan (cherry) is an elite special forces unit within the Israel Defense Forces, directly subordinate to the West Bank Division. Duvdevan are particularly noted for conducting undercover operations against militants in urban areas. During these operations, Duvdevan soldiers typically drive modified civilian vehicles and wear Arab civilian clothes as a disguise.

Duvdevan is one of the most prestigious units of the IDF, and thus recruitment to it is highly desirable among recruitment-aged youths in Israel.

The Duvdevan unit motto: "For by clever deception thou shalt wage war." (Proverbs 24:6)

The unit is actually recognized with only a unit identity number and Duvdevan is simply the nickname given to the unit. The commando units of the IDF are known as the katzefet, or "whipped cream" in English, of the combat forces. In the unit's short 20 year history it has stood above and beyond the traditional special units of the IDF and was thus nicknamed "Duvdevan," or "cherry" in English, in reference to its elite status even among the other special units of the IDF. The unit is unique in several ways: it is the only IDF unit (not including police units) that has no war time mission, just day-to-day hit and run operations. The unit, unlike other SF units, can operate in more than one place at once, and can operate independently. This means providing its own intelligence, backup, rescue, medical teams, extraction, snipers, demolitions, etc... The unit can perform high-risk arrests, raids, targeted killing, kidnappings and a range of other urban warfare operations.

Mission:

The unit falls under the command of the Judea and Samaria division (West Bank Division) of the IDF. This means the unit is under an area command, not a manpower or brigade command like most other Israeli Army units. This allows the unit to operate anywhere in the country and nowhere specific, unlike other special units that are attached to brigades, like Egoz to the Golani Brigade, Maglan to the Paratroopers Brigade, or Oketz and Lotar to the Adam army base. Only Duvdevan and Sayeret Matkal are authorized to wear their uniforms without identifying shoulder tabs. The unit is most similar to the Yamam and Yamas-Iosh police units.

History:

The unit underwent some major changes around 2002. They are as follows:

1. The unit's basic training was relocated to the paratrooper's base. It used to be held independently at the Adam base along with Rescue Unit 669 and Oketz. When 2 men died in training the basic training was delegated to the infantry. Basic training is 7 months and is done with the Tzanchanim.
2. Special units within Duvdevan were opened but remained classified.
3. The unit's base was relocated and newly built. It now stands alone and independently – most IDF units have their base within a larger base.

The unit prides itself on being the spearhead of Israeli counter terror operations. In 2002 the unit was awarded as such by the prime minister for having the most significant effect on the war on terror. The Duvdevan unit is regarded as one of the world's most successful counter-terror units. In January 2008, the unit successfully killed a major Islamic Jihad commander in the West Bank.

In April 2008, the unit tracked down and killed Hani Ka’abi after surrounding his house in the Balata neighborhood of Nablus. He headed a terrorist cell belonging to the Al Aksa Martyrs Brigades, linked to Palestinian Authority Chairman Mahmoud Abbas’s Fatah. He was the mastermind of a plot to carry out a terrorist attack by slipping a slow-acting poison powder, virtually undetectable, into the food of diners at the “Grill Express” restaurant in Ramat Gan, where he had recruited two Arab kitchen workers as operatives.[2] Hosni Tzalag, Ka’abi’s deputy, and another terrorist were arrested during the operation. The soldiers recovered two rifles, ammunition magazines, and bulletproof vests at the home.

Yamam - SWAT Unit:

Mission:

The Yamam (?an acronym for Special Central Unit) is the elite civilian counter-terrorism unit in Israel. The Yamam is capable of both hostage-rescue operations and offensive take-over raids against targets in civilian areas. Besides military duties, it also performs SWAT duties and undercover police work.

History:

The Yamam was established in late 1974 after the Ma'alot massacre, where a failed operation by military special forces units resulted in the 21 children being murdered before the hostage takers were killed. Since hostage rescue in friendly territory is different from that in hostile areas, it was decided to establish an elite civilian force, which develops and practices a special CQB (Close Quarters Battles) doctrine for "counter-terrorism" operations in friendly territory and hostage rescue.

The Yamam has carried out many paramilitary operations. Some of the missions known to the public prior to the al-Aqsa Intifada are listed below:

* March 1978, a Yamam force engaged the terrorists who took over a bus in an event known as the "Coastal Road Massacre".
* In March 1988, the Yamam was called into action after a group of three Palestinians hijacked a bus full of women returning from work at the Negev Nuclear Research Center near Dimona, in an incident known as the "Mothers Bus". The Yamam struck, killing all three hijackers, but not managing to prevent three Israeli passengers from being killed.
* September 8th 1992: Yamam snipers shot and killed Eithan more, who killed 4 women in Mental Health clinic in Jerusalem.
* May 3rd, 1994: Yamam snipers shot and killed armed man in Uzi Meshoolam's compound after he shot on a police helicopter.
* On 3 March 2000, the Yamam captured an armed group hidden in the Israeli-Arab town of Tayibe with the aid of Sayeret Duvdevan and an IDF Caterpillar D9 bulldozer. In the end of the raid, one man was arrested and four were killed.

During the Second Intifada, under the Shin Bet's command, Yamam forces intercepted many terrorists, either by arresting them or killing them. Several high profile terrorists were killed by Yamam operators. Often, when the wanted Palestinian militants barricaded inside a building, Yamam force put a siege on it while IDF Caterpillar D9 armored bulldozers forced them out by razing the structure.

The unit is primarily responsible for civilian hostage rescue within Israel's borders, but from about the mid-1990s it has also been used for tasks such as arresting police suspects who have barricaded themselves in structures and requiring specialized extraction methods, as well as in personal security for VIPs and in counter-terror operations within the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The Yamam are schooled in basic Arabic and dress to assimilate within the Arab population to avoid detection in order to carry out raids to arrest those suspected of conducting terrorist activities within Israel.

However, most of the Yamam's activity is classified, and published Yamam operations are often credited to other units.

Yamas - Mistaravim:

Mission:

Mistaravim, lit. Arabized, is the name given to those counter-terrorism units of the Israel Defense Forces in which soldiers are specifically trained to disguise themselves as Arabs in order to kill or capture a wanted terrorist. These are also commonly known as the 'Arab Platoons'. In Tom Clancy's Op-Center: Acts of War, it is stated that Mistaravim do not allow their real identities to become known to people outside their unit, and that even when they are undercover, they go to great lengths to avoid being recorded. They are also said to be trained in counter-detection of human or mechanical surveillance.

Training:

Training for this unit is about fifteen months:

* Four months basic infantry training in the Mitkan Adam army base - the IDF Special Training Center.
* Two and a half months of advanced infantry training in the same base.
* Two months unit's basic training, which focus on advanced urban navigation exercises and the beginning of CT training.
* Four months Mistaravim course, which covers everything from learning the Arabs' traditions, language and their way of thought to civilian camouflage (hair dying, contact lenses, Arabs' clothing).
* One-month courses - sniper, driving and different instructors courses.

669 - Airborne combat search & rescue:

Mission:

669, Airborne Rescue And Evacuation Unit 669 is the Israel Defense Forces heliborne medevac extraction unit, subordinate to the Special Air Forces Command of the Israeli Air Force. It is considered one of the IDF's premier elite units.

History:

Unit 669 was founded in 1974, in the aftermath of the 1973 Yom Kippur War, when an ad-hoc medevac unit made some 5000 extractions. Its initial mandate was to extract and provide initial medical treatment to downed (and possibly injured) pilots beyond enemy lines. However, in later years the unit also participated in extraction of soldiers of other arms of the Israeli Defense Forces, especially Sayeret (Special Forces) fighters in operations beyond enemy lines and seamen in distress.

Training:

Due to the possibility of having to fight their way to casualties beyond enemy lines, unit soldiers are highly trained in special forces tactics and become highly efficient ground soldiers in addition to their high level of paramedic training. Typically, their training and selection lasts 18 months. Courses that candidates must pass include:

* Combat medics' course
* Parachuting course in the IDF Parachuting School
* Scuba Diving course
* Counter-terrorism course in the IDF Counter-Terror Warfare School
* Rappelling course
* Rescue under harsh conditions
* Navigation
* Commanders' course

Upon completion of their training, unit soldiers are expected to sign on for an extra 16 months of service following their three-year mandatory service.

Shaldag:

Unit 5101, better known as Shaldag, is primarily tasked with targeting enemy structures and vehicles for assault by Israeli fighting aircraft. Using their high-energy laser designators, they can mark targets for fighter-bomber launched laser-guided bombs or Hellfire missiles from Israeli AH-64 helicopters.

Many times this involves long range patrols to the target sites. Because of this Shaldag is also sometimes used for reconnaissance. They also provide assistance and operate in Counter Terrorism and hostage rescue operations.

They are staged out of Palmahaim Air base; the unit comprises 40-50 soldiers, with five to six teams of eight to nine operators. They are regularly outfitted with M-16 or M4A1 assault rifles with the M203 grenade launcher attached. When performing Counter-Terrorist/hostage rescue duties they carry the Sig-Sauer or Glock 9mm series pistols and the Mauser SR 82/66 sniper rifle.

Members of Shaldag are considered elite, and go through a rigorous selection and training phase musch like members of other Israeli units such as Sayeret Matkal and Sayeret Tzanhanim. Their training consists oflong marches, basic and advanced land navigation, and coordination and radio communications with Israeli Air Force and Army pilots. It is reported that these soldiers go through a minimum of 1 year and 8 months of training before they are considered operationally ready.

Members of Shaldag were able to prove their worth in the 1996 Lebannon action by finding and designating mobile rocket launchers for destruction. These launchers had been used in unguided terror attacks along the Lebannon-Israeli border.

Shayetet 13 - Flotilla 13:

Within the IDF (Israeli Defense Force) Navy exists an elite unite of commandos known as the Bat Men. Their official name is Shayetet 13, or Flotilla 13, and they are responsible for the IDF Navy's Special Warfare capabilities. Flotilla 13 can trace it's roots back to the birth of the Israeli nation, and in their service they have managed to carve an international reputation as one of the best, if not most experienced, naval special warfare units in the world.

Israel's Naval Commandos under go a rigorous selection phase like most other elite units. In the case of the Naval Commandos, however, the initial selection phase stresses psychological toughness and tests hopefulls in their ability to take and operate under stress and fear. There is not a big push to weed out those unfit for the unit quickly, the training process is long and hard, with plenty of time for those who don't quite match up to move on to other units. In all, a potential Shayetet 13 operator will have to undergo almost a year and 8 months or training before he can pin on the coveted crest of the unit.

After the selection phase, trainee's attend the IDF's Bislach (infantry school) for two-and-a-half months of advanced infantry training. Following completion of this school, they next are sent to a 3 week HALO HAHO school to learn the foundation of parachute ops. Following this school the trainees are asigned to Atlit Naval Base to complete their training, receiving their underwater and counter-terrorism training at this point.

As with other special forces units, the training and selection is arduous, but Shayetet 13's training phase is considered to be the most difficult in the entire IDF.

Oketz Unit:

The Oketz Unit, lit. sting, is the independent canine special forces (sayeret) unit, founded in 1939 as part of the Haganah, within the Israel Defense Forces. The unit specialises in training and handling dogs for military applications. Originally, Oketz trained dogs to attack kidnappers, but training has become more specialized, and now the canine unit. Each dog is now trained to have a particular speciality. Attack dogs are trained to operate in urban areas, as well as in rural, bushy areas (they were used extensively in Lebanon). Dogs are trained as tracking and chasing dogs, for manhunts and detecting breaches at the borders. Dogs are also trained as weapons and ammunition dogs, to search for guns and munitions, as explosive dogs, to sniff out hidden explosives and as search and rescue dogs, to find people in collapsed buildings.

Oketz operators are often assigned to other units in the case of a particular need for their specialist skills, such as in the extraction of terrorists from fortified buildings. Though not affiliated with the IDF Paratroopers Brigade, Unit Oketz operators wear the same distinctive red berets and the unit's graduation ceremony is held at the Paratroopers headquarters. However, in order to join Oketz, the recruit must choose Kfir Infantry Brigade as first priority in the request form and then pass through trials.

Dogs:

Oketz prefers Belgian Shepherd Dog (Malinois), over the German Shepherd Dog and Rottweiler, which were employed formerly. The reasons for the choice are twofold: they're the perfect size to be picked up by their handler while still being able to attack an enemy, and their coats are short and general neutral to fair in color, making them less prone to heatstroke.

Egoz Reconnaissance Unit:

The Egoz Reconnaissance Unit is an elite special forces unit of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) that specializes in guerrilla and anti-guerrilla warfare among other things. The Egoz Battalion is part of the Northern Command's Golani Brigade.

Before the year 2000, Egoz operated mainly in Israel's Northern Command, combating threats from the Hezbollah. Following Israel's withdrawal from Southern Lebanon, its operations were moved to the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In 2003 and 2004, Egoz prevented more terrorist acts than any other IDF unit.[citation needed] The unit still does some reconnaissance in southern Lebanon.

The Egoz Unit was founded in 1956 as a special forces unit (sayeret), but was disbanded and re-organized in 1964 due to a friendly fire incident. After the Six-Day War, it became a battalion. It was disbanded again following the Yom Kippur War due to manpower shortages in other units, and re-formed in 1995 as an anti-guerrilla unit (company). Most of the initial fighters came from the Shimshon Unit. Its commander was from the Navy Commandos and as a result, much of the discipline, tactics and professionalism come from the Navy Commandos, and are the foundations upon which the unit was built on.

The training of an Egoz unit begins with basic training, advanced exercises, and unit marches, after which each soldier is interviewed by Israeli intelligence to determine if he should be screened out from the second phase of training. The second phase consists of learning camouflage warfare, various kinds of assaults, land navigation, completing the squad leaders course, jeep driving course, counter-terrorism course, parachute course, reconnaissance course and the alpine course – if there is snow in the Hermon area- among other courses that are highly classified.

When operating in Lebanon, the unit uses unmarked cartridges, as well as the Russian-made RPD and PK light machine guns. Soldiers using the M16 standard issue weapon have the Litton Akila night vision system mounted on it.

Sayeret Tzanhanim:

Sayeret Tzanhanin is a commando force roughly analogous to the United States Army's Rangers. They are capable of airborne operations, and have conducted many long range patrols into Lebanon since the Lebanon War.

Sayeret Tzanhanin's most public mission was the raid on the Entebbe Airport in Uganda. In that action they assisted Sayeret Mat'kal in the liberation of 103 Israeli and Jewish hostages being held there. Sayeret Tzanhanin was responsible for preventing the Ugandan Army from posing as a threat to the operation as well as placing beacons that allowed the Israeli C-130s to take off from the pitch dark runways.

During Operation Law and Order, Sayeret Tzanhanin neutralized the Shi'ite Hizbollah terrorist presence in the strategically located town of Maidun. During the urban battle that saw RPGs, .50 caliber machine guns, and LAW rockets used at point blank range, over 50 terrorists were killed. Two Sayeret Tzanhanin officers and one NCO were killed, dozens of others were wounded.

During the Gibush, a three day long training and testing period, potential recruits are rigorously monitored as they are taken to the limits of their physical and mental stamina. Only the strongest survive. Out of a hundred candidates, only a few dozen will be allowed to progress beyond the Gibush. One of the final events in their training is the Masa'a Kumta, or Beret March. During this exercise Tzanhanin candidates endure a 90km forced march (roughly 50 miles) with full gear (this can include anti tank missile launching units) over rough terrain.

Sayeret Tzanhanin commandos are trained in the use of numerous weapons. Assault rifles such as the M-16, AK-47, and Galil 5.56mm are familiar to its members; as are the FN-MAG and a IMI modified M-14 sniper rifle. Grenades, mortars, LAW rockets, and RPGs are also part of their arsenal.

Sayeret Maglan:

Also known as Unit 212 or Sayeret Maglan is an Israeli Special Forces unit which specializes in operating behind enemy lines and deep in enemy territory using advanced technologies and weaponry.

The unit's name is derived from the Ibis bird (In Hebrew: Maglan).

The IDF keeps the unit's designated missions a secret and gives no information about it or the operations in which the Unit takes part. Maglan only became publicly known in 2006. Very little is known about the unit, only that the force performs arrests and assassination of high value persons and that the unit specializes in camouflage and stealth operations behind enemy lines, deep within hostile territory. Like Sayeret Matkal, although the troops in the unit wear a red beret and brown combat boots and conduct basic training at one of the paratroopers' bases, they are not part of the Paratroopers. Maglan has a 25 months training program, and many of the cadets drop out due to the harsh nature of the program. Similarly to Sayeret Matkal, Maglan answers to the IDF's General Staff and not to one of its regional commands.

Maglan is a relatively new unit. It is rumored that it was deployed on SCUD hunting missions in Iraq during the First Gulf War in 1991.

During the Second Lebanon War, the unit took part in many operations and achieved great success. During Operation Beach-Boys, the unit operated along the western coastal strip of Lebanon and destroyed 250 targets, among them 40 rocket launchers.

Sayeret Yahalom:

Yahalom is a special elite combat engineering unit of the Israeli Engineering Corps of the Israel Defense Forces. The name "Yahalom" (Diamond in Hebrew) is an abbreviation of "Special Operations Engineering Unit".
Combat Engineering Unit for Special Operations - Yahalom

Sayeret Yahalom specializes in special engineering missions which include:

* Commando and Counter-Terrorism missions.
* Accurate demolitions and planting of pinpoint explosives.
* Defusing bombs, landmines and unexploded ordnance (Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)).
* Maritime sabotage and obstacles breaching.
* Searching and destroying smuggling tunnels.
* Developing advanced methods and tools for demolitions and EOD.
* Teaching and training engineering corps soldiers and other Special Units in demolitions and EOD.

Sayeret Yahalom is a classified unit and almost none of its special activities are exposed to the public. When its activities are published, they are usually just credited to a "combat engineering force"; a term which can just as well be used to describe regular Engineering sappers, IDF Caterpillar D9 operators and infantry engineering companies.

Jane's Defence Weekly has claimed that Sayeret Yahalom are working closely with Sayeret Matkal and Shayetet 13, by providing them with demolition, explosive and sabotage skills.

___The top 3___

These are the most elite IDF sayeret units. As such they perform the most important missions of the IDF, usually of a strategic nature. Its soldiers undergo longer training regimes than other sayeret units and are also proficient in long range solo navigation (as opposed to other units where long range navigation is done with a minimum of 2 fighters).

* Sayeret Matkal - the IDF principal special operations/commando unit, used mainly to obtain strategic intelligence behind enemy lines, counter-terrorism, and to perform hostage-rescue missions outside of Israel's borders.

* Shayetet 13 -
the naval commando unit. Also in charge of maritime hostage-rescue missions. Part of the Israeli Navy, its selection and training is considered the most arduous of the entire IDF, due to its maritime role.

* Shaldag Unit -
the Israeli Air Force commando unit, it specializes in forward air control and target designation for the Air Force.



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          Malaysian air force Su-30MKM certified to carry GBU-12 Paveway LGBs         

The Royal Malaysian Air Force (Tentera Udara Diraja Malaysia, TUDM) has used its 59th anniversary - Hari Ulang Tahun ke-59 TUDM - to showcase its success in integrating NATO guided munitions aboard Russian warplanes.

Several frames in the RMAF's 59th anniversary video show a Sukhoi Su-30MKM (NATO reporting name: Flanker) dropping a single GBU-12 Paveway II 500-pound laser-guided bomb (LGB). This marks the first time TUDM has revealed that its Russian-made Su-30MKMs can use the American-made Paveway II.

The capability demo apparently took place on 27 November 2016 at Lapang Sasar Tentera Udara Malaysia (LASARUD) - the TUDM's live-fire range - at Kota Belud in Sabah.

The host aircraft, M52-08 from 11 Skuadron (11 SKN), performed the demo during Eksesais Paradise. The war games are named after the various frames in the air warfare exercise which put to test TUDM's ability to plan and execute Paradrop, Deep strike, Insertion and Extraction using fixed and rotary-wing assets, and special forces.

But it's an intriguing case of now-you-see-it-now-you-don't.

The HUT ke-59 TUDM video, which had been posted on the TUDM's Facebook page, has apparently been sanitised to remove footage showing the Flanker-Paveway combo.


A Malaysian netizen alerted Senang Diri to the story posted by Malaysian Military Power on its Facebook page. The picture above is used with MMP's permission (H/T MMP).

According to Malaysian reports, the LGBs could be guided by elite Pasukan Khas Udara (PASKAU) special forces troops inserted behind enemy lines to scout and designate high-value targets. These include air bases, command facilities, and key weapon platforms such as SAM and rocket artillery batteries.

TUDM's success in certifying NATO ordnance aboard its Su-30MKMs is a potential game-changer because it widens to menu of options available to Malaysian air force mission planners. Apart from the already wide range of Russian air-to-air and air-to-ground weapons, TUDM planners can add the Paveway II as another A2G armament option.

This increases the flexibility of the Su-30MKM as a war machine even as it raises the uncertainty for enemy forces, who must now contend with dealing with Flankers who have more ways to hit a target with precision strikes by day or night.

The Su-30MKM is TUDM's most advanced warplane.

The multirole combat aircraft are flown by 11 SKN, based at Gong Kedak Air Base in peninsular Malaysia. For more on Gong Kedak, click here


You may also like:
Thoughts on RMAF Airpower. Click here
TUDM displays Russian missiles. Click here
TUDM displays Growlerski. Click here
Thoughts on the Royal Malaysian Navy. Click here
          Why Can't U.S. Army Tanks Tell When They Are Being Targeted?        
The U.S. Army is the only major ground force in the world that doesn't equip its combat vehicles with sensors that warn when they're being targeted by laser-guided weapons, a dangerous weakness that's been known for decades. Here's why it hasn't been addressed, and why it could matter urgently soon.
          Father's Day Gift Idea — Sawblade Crossbow With Laser Sight        
If your normal crossbows just aren't crazy and dangerous enough anymore, why not kick things up a notch with a laser-guided model that blasts spinning saw blades? Continue reading…
          The Montreals - Pallab Sarker - Warbly Jets - Niteshifters - DeQn Sue - Shannon Lay        
The Montreals - deadheads.

Background - Regarded as one of “the next big things in Australian Music” (5Why), The Montreals, are a slick indie-rock outfit from Adelaide, South Australia. After kicking the door down with their debut EP Indigo Club in late-2016, the band successfully toured nationally and performed in support for internationally successful acts including Alpine, Last Dinosaurs, Andy Bull, Hey Geronimo & Dorsal Fins. Mixed by Magoo (The Jungle Giants, Art vs. Science) and mastered by Steve Smart of Studio 301 (British India, Vance Joy), the 3-track record garnered hundreds of thousands of streams on streaming services worldwide. The highly anticipated release of their first single of 2017, ‘deadheads.’, is the exclamation point on a breakout debutant year. 

In short, ‘deadheads.’ is an ode to Australian youth culture. The penniless slaves to a liquor-fuelled good time, always counting loose change to make rent, but squandering at dingy clubs on weeknights. Sonically, ‘deadheads.’ feels like a finely balanced raw polish of modern SoCal meets the foundational indie rock vibes we all know and love. 

Lyrically, as well as channelling the carelessness of twenty-somethings, this track also explores the negative aspects of this lifestyle, such as the inability to maintain long-term relationships in favour of spontaneity and the ‘now’. Facebook here.

Upbeat and sprightly 'deadheads' is a blast of original & exceptional indie rock, where the vocals and music both compete for attention.

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Pallab Sarker - Not Gonna Fall In Love With You.

Background - Having found success with his debut record, ‘Morning In Brixton’, which was played extensively across the US college underground radio network, earning him a record deal in the US, British Bengali indie-pop singer-songwriter Pallab Sarker is back with his endearing follow up single, ‘Not Gonna Fall In Love With You’.

However, for a long time, Pallab led a seemingly ‘double life’; he was a press adviser to Ministers in the day, including Trade Minister Lord Digby Jones during the last Labour administration, and a musician by night, but on one occasion he merged the two, performing a gig in the atrium of the home office in the name of Children in Need, raising thousands of pounds in the process.

After Pallab’s parents fled from the Bangladesh war of independence in the 70s and raised him in Peterborough, Pallab relocated to London during his early twenties at the peak of the brit-pop explosion. The lively scene that took the music world by storm inspired the budding songwriter who quickly formed a band, ICON, who gigged incessantly across the capital and its lively circuit. Although Pallab is now based in Walthamstow, he has spent a lot of time immersed in the vibrant arts scene of South London, which inspired the single ‘Morning In Brixton’, also taken from his upcoming album, Grey Day.

Since his band days, Pallab has developed his sound as a solo artist and he can now be considered a genuine songbird, whose arresting voice and touching melodies ooze with emotional value, speaking straight to the hearts of his listeners. Within Sarker’s work is a humanizing touch, most clearly exhibited through his kind, clever lyricism and its sonic journey instigating abilities, which can be found on ‘Not Gonna Fall In Love With You’.

Not only this, but Pallab feels strongly about the lack of British Asians being showcased in the indie genre. He points out that British Asians have played a huge role in the development of garage and R&B, but there is little mainstream representation when it comes to the indie singer-songwriter scene: Sarker could well be the poster boy who kicks off a new era for British Asians in this genre. Website here, Facebook here.

Pallab Sarker vocals are likable and feel so genuine. 'Not Gonna Fall In Love With You' clearly demonstrates he also has a knack for writing and delivering really fine indie songs. This one is very catchy.

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Warbly Jets - 4th Coming Bomb.

Background - Ask synth player Julien O'Neill how Warbly Jets fits into LA's music scene and he'll have a simple answer for you: they don't. They exist out there in the ether—caught somewhere in between yesterday and today, where massive rock 'n' roll melodies brush up against skittish breakbeats, swoon-worthy strings, and laser-guided synth lines. Warbly Jets will release its self-titled debut album on October 20 via Rebel Union Recordings and the album is available for pre-order at PledgeMusic and iTunes.
  
"The music mirrors the message," says the band. We’re all trying to live and breathe in this world at the same time, not noticing if we’re hurting or helping one another. It works for now, but might explode at any second." The lyrics were inspired by singer/guitarist Samual Shea's favorite quotes by writer Eugene Bell, "Aspire to inspire before you expire." "This quote alway shaped that way I create music," he says. "I hope that as an artist I can leave a lasting impression and inspire the creatives of our future even after i'm no longer around."

Their synth-driven guitar rock is a genre-bending blend of The Clash punk balladry, Primal Scream’s production infused meltdown, and the unflinching attitude of Oasis at its peak. It has catapulted them to the top of a booming independent movement in LA, where paisley, punk, and electronic influences have melted together in the endemic sunshine to become one of the nation’s most fertile scenes for emerging projects across a variety of disciplines.

Warbly Jets started in the cramped apartments of New York City and its other limiting environmental factors as the songwriting project of O’Neill and Shea. The two quickly decamped to the sunnier, sprawling climes southern California where they began to flesh out the songs that would eventually give life to their debut. “Los Angeles in my opinion was a much more welcoming city than New York City ever was for us,” Shea remarks about the cross-country switch. O'Neill continues, “The move to Hollywood felt idyllic to us as strangers in a new land. Our influences were all over the ground anywhere we walked.” 

Their look and sound is a pastiche of old and new influences that goes well beyond just music and perhaps perfectly, for its place and time, the Jets have done a little bit of everything. In addition to being named an Artist to Watch by KCRW and earning heavy rotation on SiriusXM's XMU, Warbly Jets has also racked up spins on Beats1 and "The Lowdown" is an Advanced Placement featured track at SiriusXM's Alt Nation. The LA quartet caught the attention of Liam Gallagher's Pretty Green (who used "Alive" as the official song of its SS17 line) and landed slots opening for acts like The Dandy Warhols, The Mystery Lights and Night Beats. 

Warbly Jets just completed their first tour outside of the US after a week-long run in China and play a hometown show tomorrow night at The Roxy in LA. They'll be on the road all summer leading to the release including a London residency in September. A full list of tour dates can be found below with more to be added. Website here, Facebook here.

The laser guided synths signal the start of '4th Coming Bomb' a song that soon develops into a stunning piece with layers of musical delight and some psych orientated vocals. The energy levels rise and stay high throughout, marvellous!

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Niteshifters - Show Me What You've Got.

Background - Hot on the heels of the success of Niteshifters' debut single 'Show Me What You've Got' which received national and international airplay as well as featuring heavily on BBC TV's Wimbledon coverage, the band have revealed details of the new album 'Huge Disco'.

Niteshifters follow the success of their debut single 'Show Me What You’ve Got' with the release of their album 'Huge Disco'. A record that celebrates the joyful sounds of original disco, written with a modern head and a timeless sound.

Blending classic Disco sounds with killer songs and modern live production, Niteshifters provide an escape from the frenetic stresses life, propelling you to glittering new orbits. Featuring nineteen year old rising star Khadija Jajue on lead vocals, with Basement Jaxx’s Andrea Terrano on guitar, Elliot May (Do Your Thing) on backing vocals and lead on ‘She’s The Girl’, 'Huge Disco' is the go to sound of summer 2017. Facebook here.

I gave some thought as to whether to include Niteshifters as disco is not exactly one of those genres I get too excited about. 'Show Me What You've Got' and the new Huge Disco' album is however far to good to ignore. Retro styles and today's production techniques come together and ensure fun, spirit lifting and highly danceable tunes grab hold of and hang on to your attention. Distant memories of the seventies disco sounds are reignited (some good, some best left forgotten, along with the fashion crimes of that era). If disco is your thing, this album will not disappoint, rather it's more likely to astound!

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DeQn Sue - Melanin.

Background - This brand new track from DeQn Sue is called ‘Melanin’. (the pigment that gives human skin, hair, and eyes their colour.) Her new album ‘Juggernaut’ is coming out August 18th 

The track struts with an instantly cool sheen and the lyrics promote race equality: “black, brown, dark and light… don’t matter what you’re like, you are precious in his eye”… “colours, why do they make a difference to you”?, for example.

Deqn Sue is an American alternative pop artist with a sharp edge bursting with message and humour. She has been featured on NPR Tiny Desk and in Netflix original series, Orange is the New Black but is still relatively unknown outside of the US. Spending most of her time between Huntsville, Alabama and L.A. here is a refreshing songmaker whose quick lyrical and sonic turns create constant surprise without ever missing a beat. With hints of Funk, R&B, pop and even vaudeville and EDM, she transcends style, spinning words and sounds and is purely engaged in the now.

Let's start with her name: an amalgam of the character name that her father Rod Perry made famous on the hit 1970s TV series S.W.A.T. - Sgt. David "Deacon" Kay - and her mother's first name. DeQn Sue describes her music as socially conscious, alternative pop. Website here, Facebook here.

'Melanin' is very catchy, indeed it's crammed full of hooks. The songs message is admirable, however foremost this is a fabulous song that deserves to be heard on that merit alone, that you get some common sense as well, is a bonus.

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Shannon Lay - The Moons Detriment.

Background - This week Kevin Morby is officially launching his new label imprint, Mare Records with the signing of Shannon Lay & announcement of her new LP, Living Water. Mare Records will operate as an imprint of the Woodsist label, which also released Morby's first two solo albums.

"The first time I saw Shannon my heart was broken into a million pieces. I had known her from her wonderful punk band Feels as the lead guitarist who shouted back up, but I wasn't sure what to expect from her performing solo. But there she was - at a small bar in Los Angeles to maybe 15 people watching while she sat in a chair with an electric guitar on her knee, orange hair covering her face and a picture of Bart Simpson projected behind her. She began her set and my heart stopped the moment her voice leaped into the air - and I did what I do in those rare situations - I recorded it. I pulled out my phone, opened up the voice memos and recorded her whole set (the last time I had done this was three years earlier while watching Kris Kristofferson and Harry Dean Stanton do duets set at Cinefamily). 

After her performance I was in complete awe and wasn't sure how to approach her to convey how much I loved it. Suddenly Shannon, an acquaintance from around town, had exposed her super power and I felt instantly star struck in her presence. "I recorded your set so I could listen to it again" I told her, and then to my surprise I found myself saying "let me put out your record" and after convincing Jeremy at Woodsist to do a collaborative release with me, here it is.

Living Water is an instant classic. Recorded by Emmet Kelly (Cairo Gang, Bonnie Prince Billy, Ty Segall) in his Los Angeles home studio, this is an album where you can hear the room reacting to the music taking shape around it. Shannon has a voice that transcends time and space. You can't tell if she's old or new, if she's sitting next to you, on a mountain top, or down in some canyon. Already her second LP to be released in 2017, Shannon is a prolific songwriter, one who lives and breaths melody and with guitar skills to boot. Despite it's 14 tracks, Living Water comes in well under 40 minutes, but like Pink Moon or Just Another Diamond Day before it, this is music so potent it exists outside the realms of time - but in a world specific only to itself and the new feelings it creates.

Shannon has been dominating the local scene in Los Angeles over the past two years, leaving everyone who witnesses completely breathless. Having just finished a tour with Ty Segall, Shannon is set to support Kevin Morby on a national tour this fall." - Kevin Morby, Birmingham, Alabama, June 8th 2017. Facebook here.

Indie folk or singer/song writer, I'm never certain of which description is best, 'The Moons Detriment' is somewhere in that area and is absolutely beautiful. A sensitive musical arrangement alongside Shannon Lay's captivating vocals and a gentle melody is more than enough to put her firmly on my must hear more list.

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          Laser-Guided Therapy to Kill Brain Tumor Cells With Heat         
Host: Mark Nolan Hill, MD
Guest: Gene Barnett, MD
Even after surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, many brain tumors appear frustratingly unresponsive to treatment. Part of the trouble is that malignancies can be very difficult to reach with conventional therapy. A novel fiber-optic laser that employs heat therapy may provide unprecedented access to previously unresectable tumors, as well as added ability to focus heat directly on the tumor cells. Dr. Gene Barnett, director of the Cleveland Clinic's Brain Tumor and Neuro-Oncology Center, explores what the future may hold for this intriguing experimental technique with host Dr. Mark Nolan Hill.
Laser Guided Chain Gun on Development RobotAutonomous Machine Gun

          SPAWAR - Autonomous Military Robots         

A few years ago I toured the U.S. Navy's Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center Robotics Lab in San Diego. I shot photos and wrote a piece for Wired about my experience there. What follows are some out-takes along with high-res versions of many of the shots in the piece. Autonomous military robots... what could go wrong?

SAN DIEGO -- The Navy's MDARS-E is an armed robot that can track anything that moves. Told that I was the target, the unmanned vehicle trained its guns on me and ordered, "Stay where you are," in an intimidating robot voice. And yes, it was frightening. Perched atop a strip of cliffs lining a beautiful section of the Pacific Ocean, the Space and Naval Warfare System Command in San Diego develops semiautonomous armed robots for use in combat by the U.S. military. "We're not building Skynet" says Bart Everett, the technical director for robotics at SPAWAR. Though Everett assured me that the use of the robots' on-board weapons is under the strict control of their operators, the lab's bots can navigate and map complicated terrain, work cooperatively with soldiers and identify and confront hostile targets. Sure, they're no Johnny Five, but robots with guns are both creepy and fascinating.

Robart 3E at SPAWAR

Robart 3E at SPAWAR

ROBART III is a prototype platform designed in-house at SPAWAR. If it weren't for the chain gun and missiles, he would be pretty cute. Once he's ready for battle he'll almost certainly don an evil-looking suit of armor. ROBART's sensor array consists of a multitude of cameras, SICK LIDAR , ultrasonic transducers , passive IR detectors and more. The weapons are planned to work in unison with a special rifle that would automatically target where a soldier points his weapon.

Laser Guided Chain Gun on Development Robot

One of ROBART III's weapon systems is this nonlethal pneumatic chain gun. It uses a combination of laser sighting and machine vision to lock in on its target and barrages it with a torrent of 3/16-inch-diameter projectiles. In tests, plastic pellets and steel darts were used.

Autonomous Machine Gun

This prototype robotic weapon platform is designed to be buried underground for camouflaged deployment. When called to action, the robotic gun pops up and starts shooting. If you're the unlucky soul on the business end of this gun, it's likely curtains for you -- this robot is an extremely accurate shooter. A high-tech night-vision scope permits dead-on targeting even during moonless nights.

          Knight Rider’s 15-Second Clip Released        


Finally the long wait is over. NBC network in America has released a 15 second clip of the upcoming remake of the 1980’s iconic television show Knight Rider. The 540 horsepower Ford Mustang Shelby GT500KR is officially the new KITT (Knight Industries Three Thousand) with the artificial intelligence voice provided by Will Arnett. NBC network will air the Knight Rider TV movie at 9pm ET on February 17, 2008 Sunday.

Knight Industries Three Thousand: 2008 Ford Mustang Shelby GT500KR

Vehicle Type: Front engine, on-demand all-wheel drive, two-door coupe
Engine Type: Aluminum block/titanium heads 5.4-liter V8 internal combustion with Whipple supercharger and Knight Industries liquid air cycle auxiliary turbine engine. 540 hp in Hero mode. Power output can’t be measured in Attack mode.
Transmission: Continuously variable transmission with infinite power band
Price New: $45.6 million, as tested
Acceleration: 0 to 60 mph: 1.77 seconds. Standing quarter mile: 3.87 seconds
Braking (300 to 0 mph): 12 ft.
Fuel Economy: Not testable

Special Features as KITT:

Knight Industries 2000 microprocessor: Version 2.3
Auto Cruise
Auto Pursuit
Auto Collision Avoidance
Voice Interaction
Emergency Eject
Audio/Video In-Dash Functions
Radar
Sonar
X-Ray
Autopilot
Voice Analyzer
Infrared Tracking Scope
Range: 20 miles
Pyroclastic Lamination
Blood Analyzer
Microwave Jammer
Interior Oxygenator
Rocket Boosters
Smokescreen
Olfactory Detector
Spectrograph
Electromagnetic Field Generator
Microwave Ignition Sensor
Aquatic Synthesizer
Electronic Field Disrupter
Ultra Magnesium Charges
Ultraphonic Chemical Analyzer
Graphic Translator
Anamorphic Equalizer
DNA Analysis Equipment
Mass Spectrometer
Targeted Electromagnetic Pulse
Military-Grade GPS
Heated Seats
3D Heads-Up Display
Laser Weapons System
Holographic Projection
Keyless Entry and Ignition
Personal Safety System
Nanotech Cloaking
360-Degree Video Surveillance
Laser-Guided Missile Defense
Mini-KITT Reconnaissance Drone
24-Hour Roadside Assistance
1000-Watt Quadraphonic Stereo System
In-Seat Medical Diagnosis
Biometric Analysis