Il terremoto di Messina del 1908        
Ripubblico qui di seguito una mia recensione (risalente a sei anni fa) al libro di Giorgio Boatti, La terra trema. Messina 28 dicembre 1908. I trenta secondi che cambiarono l'Italia, non gli italiani, Mondadori, Milano 2004, pp. 414, € 18,50.

"Ore 5.20 terremoto distrusse buona parte Messina - Giudico morti molte centinaia - case crollate sgombro macerie insufficienti mezzi locali - urgono soccorsi per sgombro vettovagliamento assistenza feriti - ogni aiuto sarà insufficiente".

E' il testo del telegramma con cui il governo italiano apprese del terremoto di Messina: inviato dal comandante di una nave militare da una stazione telegrafica calabrese alle 14.50 del 28 dicembre 1908, giunse al Ministero degli Interni alle 17.35 dello stesso giorno, cioè dodici ore dopo il disastro.
In questo telegramma la valutazione dei danni è naturalmente molto sottostimata: il terremoto, dell'undicesimo grado della scala Mercalli, distrusse quasi completamente le città di Messina e Reggio Calabria e causò, secondo le statistiche ufficiali, 77.283 morti (in altre valutazioni la cifra oscilla fra le 80.000 e le 140.000 vittime).

A volte, quando ci si sofferma a considerarla, la storia del nostro paese sembra un'ininterrotta sequela di disastri. Ogni generazione ha la sua catastrofe civile da ricordare e anzi spesso più d'una, a volte d'origine naturale e a volte umana. Il copione sembra sempre lo stesso: evento tragico; prime ricostruzioni giornalistiche, concitate e a forti tinte; interviste ai superstiti; il cordoglio della nazione; le autorità dello stato si precipitano sul luogo dell'evento; polemiche sulla tempestività dei soccorsi e sulla loro efficienza; i parenti delle vittime accusano; funerali solenni; ancora polemiche finché i riflettori dei mass-media si spengono.

Questo libro di Giorgio Boatti sul terremoto di Messina si basa in gran parte su uno studio accurato dei giornali dell'epoca. Una prima constatazione è che in essi lo schema che ci è tristemente familiare appare già operante. Il governo di Giovanni Giolitti dovette ben presto difendersi dalle accuse di non aver compiuto in modo adeguato e tempestivo l'opera di soccorso delle popolazioni colpite. In particolare, l'opinione pubblica dell'epoca fu colpita dal fatto che i primi soccorsi organizzati non vennero apprestati da parte italiana, bensì, a partire dalla mattina del 29 dicembre, dagli equipaggi di squadre navali russe e inglesi che casualmente si trovavano nei pressi al momento del terremoto (equipaggi che, secondo tutte le testimonianze, svolsero la loro opera eroicamente). I primi soccorritori italiani, dell'ottavo reggimento dei Bersaglieri, provenienti da Palermo, sbarcarono solo nel pomeriggio inoltrato dello stesso giorno.

Ma la cosa che più colpisce nella reazione all'evento da parte del governo italiano non consiste tanto nella lentezza o inefficienza dei soccorsi, per la quale si possono addurre delle circostanze attenuanti: l'Italia era allora un paese povero, sottosviluppato rispetto alle altre nazioni europee; la stessa tecnologia dell'epoca non consentiva una grande rapidità di reazione; il terremoto danneggiò molto seriamente le infrastrutture e le vie di comunicazione nelle zone colpite; infine non esisteva ancora il moderno concetto di protezione civile e lo Stato italiano non era preparato ad affrontare simili emergenze.

Ciò che realmente sorprende è che fin dall'inizio, il governo e una parte della pubblica opinione sembrarono considerare il terremoto principalmente come un problema di ordine pubblico. Fra le prime preoccupazioni si registrano, infati, il timore delle epidemie e la paura dei saccheggi.

Scrive il quotidiano "La Tribuna" del 2 gennaio 1909: per impedire un'epidemia occorre "compiere l'opera distruggitrice perpetrata dal terremoto: buttare giù quel poco che resta di queste case, buttarlo giù nel modo più energico, più rapido: a colpi di cannone. Far sgomberare i pochissimi superstiti e dalle navi bombardare queste scarnificate vestigia della città (...) non v'è altra via per impedire che il luogo dov'era Messina diventi un centro d'infezione a cui nessuno osi più avvicinarsi". (p. 118). "Il Mattino" del 6-7 gennaio rilancia la stessa idea attribuendone la paternità al Re, mentre "Il Messaggero" del 6 gennaio suggerisce di ricorrere al fuoco: "Si dia in preda alle fiamme [Messina] per purificarla, o si ricostruisca con piccole case come una cittadina giapponese" (p. 119).

E' sconcertante che fra le prime misure suggerite dopo un terremoto, vi sia quella di deportare la popolazione colpita e poi bombardare la città: sembra che nel caso di Messina non si sia arrivato a tanto solo perché, a distanza di molti giorni dalla catastrofe, si continuavano a trovare dei sopravvissuti sotto le rovine. Ma si rimane ancora più stupiti quando si apprende che uno dei motivi che suggerirono queste misure estreme, fu la necessità di preservare dai furti i valori rimasti sotto le macerie e soprattutto i caveaux delle banche.

Il regio decreto del 4 gennaio 1909 stabiliva lo stato d'assedio nei territori colpiti dal terremoto e conferiva i pieni poteri per l'emergenza al generale di corpo d'armata Francesco Mazza (annota Boatti che una diceria popolare fa discendere dal suo cognome l'etimologia della locuzione siculo-calabra "non capire una mazza"). Installatosi con il suo stato maggiore a bordo di una lussuosa nave militare al largo, e senza scendere quasi mai a terra, il generale Mazza provvide a circondare Messina di un cordone sanitario di truppe, cui diede l'ordine di sparare su chiunque dall'esterno si avvicinasse alla città senza lasciapassare. Questo per impedire che bande di saccheggiatori si riversassero sul luogo del disastro.

Ecco alcuni passi tratti dal bando emanato dal generale Mazza il 10 gennaio, riportato integralmente a p. 374 del libro di Boatti: "1 - Sono sospesi fino a nuovo ordine gli scavi delle macerie da parte di privati cittadini, sia per rintracciare cadaveri, sia per recuperare valori. (...) Le persone trovate a scavare saranno considerate come ladri e deferite al tribunale di guerra. [Questo mentre ancora i parenti delle vittime cercavano i loro cari sotto le macerie, n.d.r.] Anche le truppe, nei lavori stradali che compiono, si limiteranno esclusivamente ai lavori di assestamento evitando di eseguire scavi. (...) 3 - E' proibito l'ingresso in città a tutte le persone non munite di regolare permesso rilasciato dall'autorità politica della provincia da cui provengono..."

Il 6 gennaio l'autorità militare ordina di sospendere la distribuzione di viveri ai superstiti. Saranno distribuiti viveri a bordo delle navi, solamente ai profughi che accetteranno d'imbarcarsi per lasciare la città. L'idea, commenta Boatti, è perciò quella di "utilizzare l'arma della fame e della sete per imporre (..) la desertificazione di Messina" (p. 135). Questa cinica soluzione non viene attuata perché, come accennavo sopra, alcuni dei sepolti sotto le macerie si ostinano a farsi ritrovare vivi anche dopo giorni e giorni dal terremoto; ma altresì per le perplessità espresse da una parte della pubblica opinione e anche per le proteste degli stessi messinesi: un'assemblea autoconvocata di cittadini chiede il 19 gennaio la revoca dello stato d'assedio. Stato d'assedio che - osserva con sarcasmo il corrispondente de "Il Mattino" del 6 gennaio 1909 - sembra avere lo scopo precipuo di garantire "il sonno ai morti e la biancheria, gli oggetti e i titoli di banca ai vivi" (p. 137).

In seguito Giolitti giustificò la scelta di dare priorità al recupero dei valori, adducendo il timore di speculazioni al ribasso sulla lira (p. 146). Boatti propone un'altra spiegazione: "La difesa delle proprietà, la guardia ai caveaux delle banche, il salvataggio dei lingotti che mette in secondo piano altri interventi è una linea d'azione adottata, anzi, sbandierata, perché dal disordine - anche sociale - del terremoto emerga alfine una visione dove a prevalere è l'ordine, lo status quo, l'autorità e il prestigio dell'apparato dello Stato. (...) Salvare milioni, o lingotti, dopo tutto è meno complicato che cercare di strappare alla morte, in una gara contro il tempo, migliaia di sepolti vivi" (p.155).

A questo atteggiamento grettamente calcolatore da parte degli apparati dello Stato si contrappone lo slancio di solidarietà manifestato da più parti della società. In poche settimane si raccolgono più di ventun milioni di lire (dell'epoca) in sottoscrizioni, buona parte delle quali provenienti dall'estero. La cosa non manca anzi di creare preoccupazioni nelle alte sfere: non si rischierà di creare l'abitudine all'assistenza, al farsi mantenere dallo Stato, a quello che oggi si chiama assistenzialismo? Sua Altezza Reale il Duca d'Aosta esprime autorevolmente questo cruccio quando afferma che "è immorale mantenere un'orda di vagabondi e creare oziosi" (p. 234).

Non si trattò soltanto di solidarietà finanziaria. Volontari affluirono da tutta Italia per prestare opera di soccorso. Boatti dedica particolare attenzione alla vicenda di uno di essi, il parlamentare parmense Giuseppe Micheli, un deputato cattolico che, arrivato a Messina pochi giorni dopo il terremoto, subito mise in piedi, con la collaborazione dell'Arcivescovo, un "comitato messinese di soccorso", a carattere volontario, che si rivelò un'organizzazione semiufficiale sotto molti aspetti più efficiente di quella statale (pp. 263-68). Un'altra figura che emerge è quella dell'ex sindaco socialista di Catania Giuseppe De Felice Giuffrida, che era stato protagonista pochi anni prima di una delle esperienze politico-amministrative più avanzate della Sicilia dell'epoca: da sindaco della sua città aveva promosso forme di socializzazione dei servizi pubblici (forni municipalizzati, cucine popolari), la cui esperienza risultò ora preziosa per organizzare la distribuzione dei viveri ai superstiti del terremoto (pp. 203-4).

La miseria delle regioni colpite dal terremoto impressionò molti degli osservatori e degli inviati giunti sul luogo della catastrofe. Qualcuno propose dei rimedi; ad esempio il letterato Giovanni Cena suggerì, naturalmente quale misura temporanea, quella di emigrare. "Parecchi anni di duro tirocinio all'estero (...): poi gli emigranti calabresi torneranno altri uomini e non domanderanno più nulla, fuorché il loro buon diritto di cittadini" (p. 381). (Oggi si può dire che noi calabresi abbiamo seguito il consiglio, e che gli "anni di tirocinio" sono stati effettivamente molti, anzi durano tuttora. Sarà che siamo un po' lenti ad imparare?).

Il libro di Boatti non manca di sottolineare l'imprevidenza e anche l'incoscienza generalizzata che indussero i cittadini di Messina e Reggio Calabria (le città che oggi qualcuno vorrebbe unire con un ponte lungo tre chilometri, inutile, dannoso e pericoloso) a costruire tutto, anche gli edifici pubblici, al di fuori delle più elementari regole di sicurezza. Le fotografie che corredano il volume illustrano un panorama di distruzione impressionante, ove emerge, unica costruzione intatta perché edificata con criteri antisismici, il villino di un medico messinese.

Nella sua ricognizione della pubblicistica dell'epoca, Boatti dedica due capitoli ad alcune singolari polemiche: quella (cap. XVII) fra autorità laiche e cattoliche riguardo alla sistemazione degli orfani del terremoto (il Vaticano pretendeva ovviamente che fossero tutti educati "in Cristo" nei suoi istituti), e quella concernente il destino dell'Università di Messina, di cui alcuni illustri cattedratici proposero senz'altro la chiusura, in base alla considerazione che di università ce n'erano fin troppe e che in particolare quelle meridionali erano diplomifici per giovani sfaccendati (pp. 276-7).

Boatti chiude la sua esposizione con un'osservazione suggestiva: la "meglio gioventù" dei volontari del terremoto, poco dopo, buttò via inutilmente la propria carica di idealismo e di amor patrio, la propria volontà di fare e di cambiare le cose, nelle trincee della Prima guerra mondiale. Agli ordini (aggiungo io) di quella medesima classe dirigente ignorante, ottusa, autoritaria, incapace e meschinamente arroccata nella difesa dei propri privilegi, che aveva già dato prova di sé nella gestione ufficiale dell'emergenza-terremoto e che di lì a poco "inventerà" il fascismo.

Questo testo di Giorgio Boatti fa luce su un episodio importante e poco conosciuto della nostra storia nazionale, e lo fa (a differenza della pseudo-storiografia sensazionalistica e superficiale oggi di moda) con grande scrupolosità e metodo: il volume si chiude con ben cento pagine di appendice documentaria e di note al testo. Anche solo per questo sarebbe da raccomandare. Per chi come me proviene da una delle zone disastrate, la lettura di questo libro è irrinunciabile e consente di ritrovare la radice di mali antichi.

Originariamente pubblicato il 22 febbraio 2005, qui.
          La rivoluzione russa        
La mattina del 20 settembre 1871, il Maestro Franz Liszt si esercitava al pianoforte nello studio della sua sontuosa magione di campagna vicino Budapest, quando fu interrotto da un confuso e concitato vociare proveniente dal portone d'ingresso.

"Che succede, Pierre?" chiese mentre raggiungeva il suo maggiordomo, il quale, bloccando con il suo corpo l'accesso alla casa, stava palesemente cercando di convincere un ospite indesiderato ad andarsene.

Quando Liszt, avvicinatosi dietro le spalle del suo domestico, poté scorgere l'aspetto dell'intruso (un uomo sui sessant'anni, calvo, barbuto, che sembrava assai malmesso, ma parlava un francese forbito con marcato accento parigino), quest'ultimo troncò subito, lasciando una frase a metà, il suo litigio con Pierre e, volgendo speranzoso lo sguardo al padrone di casa, così lo apostrofò:

"Maestro Liszt! Maestro! Vi prego, degnatevi di concedere udienza ad un vostro grande ammiratore, giunto or ora dalla Francia solo per avere l'inestimabile onore di fare la Vostra conoscenza!"

"Padrone!" diceva intanto il maggiordomo, "lasciate che cacci via a calci nel sedere questo vagabondo che pretende di farsi ricevere da Voi! E' inaudito! Come se qualsiasi pitocco potesse..."

"Va bene, Pierre, lascia pure entrare Monsieur... di grazia, come vi chiamate?"

Il viso dello strano ospite si rasserenò. "Mi chiamo Eugène Pottier. Da Parigi. Poeta. Per servirvi. Sapevo che avreste... oh, grazie, mille grazie, Maestro!"

"Potete chiamarmi semplicemente Padre. Come forse saprete, non sono che un umile servitore di Santa Romana Chiesa... Ma accomodatevi nel mio studio, ve ne prego, e raccontatemi di voi..." diceva Liszt mentre accompagnava il suo ammiratore lungo il corridoio. "Venite da Parigi, avete detto?", qui il musicista scoccò uno sguardo sospettoso sul suo interlocutore. "E dove siete diretto, se posso..."

Mentre Liszt tornava a sedersi al suo pianoforte, Pottier si accomodò su un'ampia poltrona disposta in modo da fronteggiare il lato destro dello strumento. Come in una sala da concerto, pensò Pottier un po' a disagio. "Maestro, cioè scusatemi, Padre. Avete già capito. Sono un combattente della Comune. Sono in esilio, ramingo per l'Europa, da ormai quattro mesi. Ma non voglio annoiarvi con il racconto delle mie tribolazioni. Sono venuto qui, attratto dalla vostra fama di grande artista e di uomo già attento alla questione sociale, perché ho un testo, da me composto, che vorrei chiedervi di porre in musica".

Ci furono alcuni secondi di silenzio, durante i quali le palpebre di Liszt si aprirono e si chiusero spasmodicamente per una ventina di volte. "Monsieur Pottier... vi rendete conto, spero, del rischio a cui state esponendo voi stesso e me. Mi è difficile comprendere come siate potuto giungere fin qui dalla Francia. Ma, che la vostra sia stata fortuna o incoscienza, sappiate che la polizia asburgica non è affatto indulgente con quelli come voi, né con chi dà loro rifugio."

Pottier si raddrizzò sulla poltrona. "Né fortuna, né incoscienza, Monsieur Liszt. Siamo stati sconfitti, è vero. Ma abbiamo compagni ovunque, pronti a dare il loro silenzioso contributo alla Causa. E' grazie alla loro solidarietà che sono riuscito a sopravvivere e ad arrivare a voi. La musica che porto con me" - a questo punto Pottier tirò fuori da una tasca della giacca un fascicolo spiegazzato, ingiallito e sgualcito, e lo tese a Liszt - "mi induce a confidare anche nella vostra solidarietà".

Sempre più stupito, ma senza offuscare la politezza dei suoi modi da gentiluomo, il musicista prese l'opuscolo che lo strano visitatore gli porgeva. Era uno spartito a stampa che recava sopra il pentagramma il titolo Lyon e il motto: Vivre en travaillant, ou mourir en combattant. Che si potrebbe tradurre, a un dipresso: Vivere del proprio lavoro, o morire combattendo.

"Dove l'avete trovata?" chiese subito Liszt. "Questa composizione non fa più parte della raccolta delle mie opere. Non viene più ristampata da..."

"Dal 1837" lo interruppe Pottier. "Me la regalò mio padre, il giorno del mio ventunesimo compleanno. Mi spiegò che un grande musicista l'aveva composta per celebrare il ricordo della rivolta degli operai disoccupati di Lione. Mi disse: se vuoi davvero fare l'artista, prendi esempio, figlio mio, e ricordati sempre da quale parte della barricata devi stare!"

Liszt guardò fisso il suo ospite, che ricambiava lo sguardo con fermezza. Poi sospirò. "Monsieur Pottier, i tempi sono cambiati. Persino quella testa calda del mio amico Wagner se n'è reso conto, ed è passato (come direste voi) dall'altra parte della barricata. L'epoca delle rivoluzioni è finita. Per sempre. Anche voialtri, col vostro folle tentativo laggiù in Francia, lo avete dimostrato. Datemi retta: la vostra cosiddetta questione sociale non ha alcuna soluzione. Non su questa terra, almeno. La sola cosa che posso fare per voi è scrivere due righe al priore del convento francescano che si trova a una lega da qui. E' mio amico. Vi darà ricetto e ospitalità, fino al giorno in cui Dio, nella Sua infinita misericordia, illuminerà la vostra mente, come già fece con la mia. Allora anche voi comprenderete, e vi rassegnerete alla Sua volontà".

Pottier rimase in silenzio. Poi fece per rimettere in tasca l'altro foglio di carta che ne aveva tratto poco prima e che stava per consegnare al grande musicista. Ma gli tremava la mano e, senza che lui se ne accorgesse, il foglio cadde per terra. Infine disse: "Bene, Monsieur Liszt. Vi chiedo scusa per l'incomodo e per il rischio che vi ho fatto correre. Mi ero sbagliato sul vostro conto. Ora non vi importunerò ulteriormente e, col vostro permesso, riprenderò il mio viaggio."

Stava per uscire senz'altro dallo studio di Liszt, ma quest'ultimo lo richiamo: "Aspettate, Monsieur Pottier. Non fatemi il torto di rifiutare la mia ospitalità, almeno sino a domattina... Tra poco sarà servita la colazione. Frattanto, accomodatevi, e siate così gentile da attendere che abbia finito i miei esercizi. Fra l'altro, suono meglio quando ho un pubblico ad ascoltarmi. Posso chiedervi inoltre, nuovamente, qual è la meta del vostro viaggio?"

Eugène Pottier si risedette. "Credo che andrò in Russia. C'è molto lavoro da fare, laggiù".

"In Russia!?" esclamò Liszt. Stava per aggiungere: voi siete pazzo, ma si trattenne. "Voi non sapete quel che dite! Ogni giorno, ogni giorno lo Zar incarcera, spedisce in Siberia o manda sul patibolo gente come voi! Ecco, guardate" - Liszt prese in fretta dallo scrittoio una rivista - "guardate questo giornale che mi è arrivato ieri da San Pietroburgo. Sapete leggere il cirillico? Ecco l'elenco dei terroristi che sono stati impiccati il mese scorso per avere cospirato contro la monarchia: Rodion Raskolnikov, Nikolaj Stavrogin, Aleksandr Uljanov... Va avanti per un'intera pagina! E voi volete andare in Russia?"

Pottier ribatté con calma: "Terroristi, avete detto? Uhm... no, non è questa la strada. Noi vinceremo, ma seguendo un altro cammino."

"Ah, sì? E quale, se mi è concesso chiederlo?

"Non lo so. Forse la strada non c'è. Ma so che c'è da camminare".

Liszt sospirò. Guardò Pottier. Poi guardò il giornale russo. Poi guardò il suo pianoforte. Infine ci si sedette e, senza dire niente, attaccò a suonarlo.

Suonava già da un quarto d'ora, e le tortuose armonie della Sonata in si minore si dipanavano con sicurezza sotto le sue dita, come un filo di lana in un labirinto, quando Liszt sentì un suono inconfondibile provenire dalla poltrona del poeta. Liszt portò a termine l'esecuzione della Sonata, poi si alzò dal pianoforte e risistemò delicatamente il poggiatesta imbottito sotto la tempia di Pottier. Quest'ultimo smise di russare, ma non si svegliò. Poi il musicista si chinò a raccogliere il foglio di carta che era caduto dalla tasca di Pottier. Si risedé al pianoforte e lo lesse. Era scritto in versi e iniziava così:

"Debout, les damnés de la terre
Debout, les forçats de la faim!
La raison tonne en son cratère
C'est l'éruption de la fin.
Du passé faisons table rase.
Foules, esclaves, debout, debout!
Le monde va changer de base.
Nous ne sommes rien, soyons tout!"


Il poema andava avanti su questo tono per un'altra decina di strofe. Liszt lo lesse con attenzione. Poi sbuffò forte col naso, mise il foglio da parte e si rimise al piano. Attaccò a suonare una sua composizione che s'intitolava Funérailles. Si interruppe dopo poche battute. Poi, per la prima volta dopo decenni, dalla cassa armonica rintoccarono le possenti note iniziali di Lyon. Ma anche questa esecuzione fu lasciata a metà.

Liszt si prese la faccia tra le mani. Cosa gli stava succedendo?

Infine il musicista sembrò distendersi. Riprese in mano il foglio con la poesia di Pottier e lo pose sul leggìo. Iniziò ad improvvisare. Si udì una melodia piuttosto bella, allo stesso tempo vivace e solenne, in ritmo giambico. (Molto tempo dopo, qualcuno l'avrebbe descritta come una via di mezzo fra Oh, my darling Clementine e La cucaracha).

Subito iniziò a variare. Mentre un ritmo lento, profondo e pauroso rombava nella parte sinistra della tastiera, la melodia si trasformò in un canto popolare slavo che sembrava provenire dall'inizio dei tempi.
Poi il ritmo si fece più veloce, incalzante e sincopato, come di tamburi africani, mentre la melodia, stranamente deformata in semitoni, diede l'allucinante impressione di provenire non più da un pianoforte, ma da una tromba con sordina, o da qualche altro strano strumento a fiato non ancora inventato.

Poi ancora la stessa melodia, resa esile, sottile e tintinnante, si stagliò nelle zone alte della tastiera, sullo sfondo di colpi molto distanziati, come di un gong, che provenivano dalla mano sinistra. Senza soluzione di continuità, questo tintinnio si tramutò nel canto di un muezzin. Poi fu come se, prodigiosamente, tutte queste versioni della stessa identica melodia risuonassero insieme. Pottier, che nel frattempo si era svegliato, non credeva ai propri occhi. Le mani di Liszt si muovevano ad una velocità sovrumana, producendo una fittissima gragnuola di note di ogni altezza, che scemava e poi di nuovo s'intensificava, fino a scoppiare in un'onda di energia di terrificante violenza. Infine, mentre le ultime risonanze dell'esplosione ancora si dissolvevano, la melodia iniziale ritornò piano, semplice ed infantile, lenta, simile ad un carillon che suonasse una ninna-nanna.

La straordinaria esibizione di Liszt aveva intanto richiamato tutta la sua servitù, che si era raccolta ad ascoltare in un piccolo drappello dietro la porta dello studio: erano anni che non lo sentivano suonare a quel modo. Fra di loro, c'era una famigliola composta da una giovane coppia con la loro bambina di tre anni.

"Hai sentito, Sandor?" disse la moglie. "Tu dicevi che il vecchio si era ormai completamente rincitrullito..."

"Sì, Hannah, te lo confermo: il vecchio si è totalmente rimbecillito. Ma per sua fortuna, le mani ce le ha ancora buone. Vieni, Milena!" prese in braccio la sua figlioletta, "ascolta. Un giorno anche tu dovrai suonare così".

Pubblicato il 7 ottobre 2010, qui: http://www.evulon.net/news.php?extend.3549


          It's Been a Slow Simmer...        
This is where Rickey posts recommendations of noteworthy consumables, practices, and pastimes that have been deemed invaluable for the reader’s betterment. All products and pieces of advice listed herein have been Rickey tested and approved. Again, this is in no way shape or form a complete rip off of McSweeney’s (fa-la-la-la-la, lawyers, Rickey can’t hear you). Enjoy our latest installment of....

RICKEY RECOMMENDS

Night-Lights.
Being in a new house is challenging enough. But stumbling around this wholly unfamiliar place in the dark bumping into things because you don't want to wake your spouse up by turning on the lights? Now that's brutal. "Now let's see... were there six steps here or eight...? Aughh crap, I've misjudged, and down I go!" The Hendersons need night-lights, badly.

That all email clients disable the "mark unread" function on their services. There are two varieties of people that this button is designed for: serial procrastinators and husbands who like to peek at their wives' messages when they inadvertently leave their email up. What? What's the problem here? Rickey just likes to know what's going on in Mrs. Henderson's life. Screw you people for judging!

Lubriderm Intense Skin Repair Lotion. The cold winter months have taken a toll on Rickey's skin and he now has dragon scales for skin around his hips. It's either the cold weather explanation or Rickey's skin is stretching out as his hips plumpen to accommodate his nascent pear-shaped physique. Whatever. Ever gone out in public with a grown man who scratches himself constantly and glares angrily at passers by while doing so? Yeah, well Mrs. Henderson doesn't much want to either. If you or a loved one suffer from similar symptoms, we recommend some skin lotion. It doesn't have to have that weird "it puts the lotion in the basket!" connotation if you don't let it...

Williams Sonoma Chili Starter.
Look, sometimes you don't want to craft an entire chili from scratch, and that's where this jar comes in to play. You brown your meat, mix in a jar of this Texas chili sauce, and let the concoction simmer for a few hours. The results are alarmingly good. Cheating? Well, yeah, but nobody's ever got to know, right?

Chatroulette.com.
Remember when the internet was still wonderfully untamed and exciting before we made it a boring place by imposing order on it with our categorized bookmarks and regimented RSS readers? Chatroulette harkens back to those heady days. It's the sputnik of the internet world, and it's terrific. We're talking some serious wild west stuff here. To attempt to describe it would ruin all the fun. We give it about another week before it's shut down for good.

Wolfmother.
Jesus, how is it that none of you people have recommended this band to Rickey earlier? Sure, we've talked about mothers here. And we've also talked about wolves. But we have not talked about WOLFMOTHER, easily one of the best bands currently on the market. Do you enjoy Queens of the Stone Age? How about the White Stripes? If so, woo boy, do we have a band for you. If their song "Vagabond" doesn't screw your head on right then we're sorry, but there's simply no helping you and Rickey pities you for the pitiful fool that you are.

Gargling with mouthwash AFTER you brush your teeth.
We know, it's crazy talk, but bear with Rickey would you please? Mrs. Henderson has been doing this for years and she's had pretty good results thus far.

The "500 Days of Summer" Soundtrack. For those of the indie persuasion we think you'll agree that there's not a weak song in it. Just great stuff.

The cheese counter at Whole Foods.
At Rickey's nearby Whole Foods, within a space of 20 feet, there exists a gourmet olive bar, an artisinal beer section, and a fancy cheese counter. Rickey has taken to refer to this section of the supermarket as "THE HOT CORNER." In the world we inhabit, there's simply no way you can pass this area by and not purchase at least 5 items. Best of all, the cheese counter is one of those places where you can sample the goods before you buy 'em. Rickey and Ms. Henderson tasted a tangy goat cheese and a nice Italian sheep's milk cheese. The guy behind the counter called over the grocery stocker for a bite and all four of them had a nice pensive little moment together, enjoying their cheese and crackers like grown ups. Then Rickey left, purchasing a whopping 1/10th of a pound of each.

Restoration Hardware.
Pricey? Yes. But godamned if they don't craft some of the finest window treatments (for you neophytes, that's a fancy phrase for curtains and rods) on the market. When the big guy upstairs draws back the curtains to reveal rosy fingered dawn each and every morning, we imagine he's using Restoration Hardware window treatments. But he's probably paying wholesale prices we're thinking.

FIRE. The Hendersons got the basement chimney working! (By the way, every post here at RwR will revolve around home improvement from now on. Fair warning.) Does it matter that opening the flue and starting a fire is effectively sucking all the warm air up the chimney and out of the house? Absolutely not. Look, it's FIRE!
          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Lost dans XCOM 2 War of the Chosen : présentation        

Firaxis nous a donné un aperçu des Lost dans XCOM 2 War of the Chosen. Ils attaqueront de n’importe où, aussi bien XCOM que les aliens ou ADVENT. Les Lost étaient autrefois humains, mais ils sont devenus des êtres mutants après avoir été exposés à une technologie alien durant les premiers jours de l’invasion alien. Les Lost sont rarement trouvés errants seuls. Vous les rencontrerez en hordes, vagabondant dans les villes abandonnées. Ils se jetteront sur tous ceux qui se trouvent sur leur chemin. Une autre chose à savoir à leur sujet est qu’ils sont attirés par les bruits élevés, et ils arrivent en vagues continues. Vous pouvez les stopper un par un d’un tir en pleine tête, et ainsi marquer une action gratuite. Si les circonstances ne permettent pas de les terrasser, vous pouvez les attirer vers des positions ennemies et vous en débarrasser avant que d’autres n’arrivent. XCOM 2 War of the Chosen est l’extension de XCOM 2 et sera disponible à partir du 29 août.

Cet article Lost dans XCOM 2 War of the Chosen : présentation est apparu en premier sur Goclecd.fr - Comparateur de prix de jeux vidéo en Clé CD.


          (re)Découvrez le Lepidothyris Riopa fernandi        

Le Scinque à flancs rouges, le plus beau des sauriens

Beaucoup considèrent le Lepidothyris Riopa fernandi comme l’un des plus beaux lézards d’Afrique. Effectivement, le scinque à flancs rouges est unique en son genre grâce à son habit vermillon.

Description du Riopa fernandi

Le saurien possède un corps allongé monté sur de petites pattes. Malgré leur taille, ces dernières ne sont pas moins solides et puissantes. L’impression de puissance est renforcée par la morphologie particulière de la tête qui sert d’extrémité à un cou assez trapu. La figure est large, mais pas très longue. Elle est aussi caractérisée par un museau arrondi et d’énormes yeux ronds très sombres. Les organes oculaires sont protégés par des paupières mobiles. La partie inférieure de cette dernière est écailleuse et transparente. La langue du lézard se veut fourchue, épaisse et sombre.

Le Riopa fernandi adulte peut atteindre au maximum les 35 cm. Sa queue est assez singulière. L’animal est robuste et possède une forte musculature. Mais son appendice ne possède pas cette résistance. Large à la base et mince au bout, il se brise facilement lorsque l’animal est manipulé sans précaution.

A quoi ressemble ce plus beau des sauriens ?

L’apparence du Riopa fernandi est caractérisée par une forte teneur en rouge. On retrouve la couleur essentiellement sur les flancs. On observe aussi la présence de pigmentations blanches, jaunes et orange sur les côtés. Le dos affiche une teinte entre le marron et le rouge ; parfois, on voit une nuance jaunâtre. Le scinque a un abdomen tout blanc parsemé par de petites tâches grises. Propres à la famille des scinques, les écailles du Riopa fernandi sont carénées, lisses et très brillantes.

Riopa fernandi savannah

Où vit le Scinque à flancs rouges en milieu naturel ?

Le reptile est caractéristique de la partie Ouest du continent africain. Il occupe tout le périmètre du Golfe de Guinée, de la Sierra Leone au Gabon. Il est possible de le retrouver en Afrique orientale, au Kenya plus précisément. Et il déserte complètement la partie centrale du territoire africain.

 Quel habitat est fait pour lui ?

Quand il ne vit pas en captivité, le scinque vit dans les forêts tropicales. Il apprécie surtout les endroits humides riches en végétation. Le reptile est normalement très actif pendant la journée. Mais il lui arrive de sortir la nuit quand il y a une hausse importante de température. Le Riopa fernandi captif adopte parfois des habitudes étranges. Il peut attendre jusqu’au crépuscule pour sortir de sa cachette et partir en chasse.

Notre conseil : en terrarium, le scinque à flancs rouges a besoin d’espace. Il doit être placé dans un milieu dont la longueur fait plus du double de sa taille. Ainsi, pour un couple, le minimum est 70cm par 35cm avec une hauteur de 30cm.

Comment se comporte le lézard ?

En captivité, le Riopa fernandi est très farouche au début. Avec de la patience, il s’habitue vite à la présence humaine et devient docile. Surtout s’il parvient à associer celle-ci au nourrissage. En parlant de nourriture, le scinque à flanc rouge est assez vorace. Il mange aussi bien les insectes que les vers. Mais sa préférence va pour les limaces, les escargots et les lombrics. Ils doivent constamment boire pour prévenir de la déshydratation.

En ce qui concerne la reproduction, les Riopa fernandi n’ont pas vraiment de période. Quand il y a abondance de nourriture, ils sont enclins à l’accouplement.

Nous espérons que notre sujet d’aujourd’hui vous aidera à connaitre ce lézard. Si vous avez des questions, c’est avec plaisir que nous y répondrons.

Rendez-vous la semaine prochaine pour un nouvel article sur le monde des reptiles. Vous pouvez nous suivre sur notre page Facebook et sur notre Twitter.

Bien reptilement à vous tous,

La team Savannah

http://savannah.fr/

Autres sources :

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Lepidothyris&species=fernandi

http://www.breeders-expo.de/species/Scincidae/Lepidothyris-fernandi.html

 


          Erykah Badu et les rituels magiques en plein air        
Je ne parlerai pas de Erykah Badu longtemps, parce que l'essentiel de sa croyance a déjà été brossé dans le documentaire : Le hip-hop est une religion. Il y a des femmes qui, en quête de pouvoir, partent consulter des sorciers, ces sorciers les mettent en contact avec des puissances des ténèbres, ces puissances des ténèbres demandent à ces dames, par l'intermédiaire de ces sorciers, d'accomplir toute une série de missions, afin qu'elles puissent obtenir ce qu'elles désirent. Ces démons peuvent par exemple demander à ces femmes de pratiquer des incestes au sein de leur famille, ils peuvent aussi demander à ces dames de consommer des aliments pourris, ils peuvent également demander à ces dames de commettre des assassinats, en gros, ces démons demandent toujours à la femme (Ou plutôt à la personne concernée) de pratiquer des choses qui sont totalement contraires à la parole de Dieu, et j'ai entendu dire que plus les pratiques à effectuer sont répugnantes, plus elles génèrent de la puissance satanique. Pratiquer des choses contraires à la parole de Dieu nous met en communion avec de puissants démons, c'est d'ailleurs la raison pour laquelle Dieu a institué sa Sainte Loi, afin que nous sachions nous préserver de l'emprise de ces démons. Les pratiques sataniques permettent à ces démons d'accomplir leur mission sur terre.

Je voudrais juste parler d'un phénomène qui est très connu en Afrique noire, précisément en Afrique centrale, dans les pays comme le Cameroun, le Congo et le Gabon...Ce sont des femmes qui, ayant discuté avec un marabout/sataniste/sorcier, ont reçu par la suite, l'ordre de:

1. Aller dans une place publique
2. Sortir de leur véhicule : Généralement une voiture de luxe.
3. Marcher dans la rue normalement
4. Se déshabiller subitement ou petit à petit
5. Se promener toute nue dans la rue pour provoquer le regard des autres
6. Retourner dans le véhicule
7. Se rhabiller.

C'est un phénomène qui se produit fréquemment, et il y a toujours des imbéciles pour regarder ces choses en riant. Voici quelques photos, toutes prises au Cameroun. On y voit des jeunes demoiselles nues et en public:






Ce phénomène revêt en effet une réalité bien obscure. Ceci me permet d'y voir une similitude avec le morceau Window Seat de Erykah Badu. Je ne sais pas de quoi parle cette musicienne dans son morceau, mais ce que j'ai compris avec le temps, c'est que ces artistes effectuent des rituels sataniques sous nos yeux, cela sous forme de divertissement, par conséquent, cela nous affecte à notre insu. Souvenez-vous de l'ordre dans lequel doit s'effectuer ledit rituel. Les femmes doivent:

1. Aller dans une place publique
2. Sortir de leur véhicule
3. Marcher dans la rue normalement
4. Se déshabiller subitement ou petit à petit
5. Se promener toute nue dans la rue pour provoquer le regard des autres

Voici des photos du clip "Window Seat", les photos sont dans l'ordre chronologique du clip:


1. Aller dans une place publique

2. Sortir du véhicule

3. Marcher dans la rue normalement

4. Se déshabiller petit à petit : Les lunettes d'abord.





Remarquez bien le mot EVOLVING (Evoluant)


Remarquez le mot EVOLVING (Evoluant)


5. Se promener toute nue dans la rue
Le même rituel.

Elle fait ce rituel sous couvert de l’Évolution. Elle prétend être en train d'évoluer par ce biais. Remarquez que toute forme d'évolution nous conduit toujours à rejeter les lois parfaites de l’Éternel, plusieurs personnes se sont d'ailleurs moqué de moi, en me disant toujours que le monde évolue, et qu'il n'est pas question de parler de Dieu encore de nos jours, certains me disent que nous ne sommes pas au moyen-âge. L'évolution, selon Erykah Badu, consiste bel et bien à pactiser avec ces entités spirituelles pour avoir plus de pouvoir. Selon leur conception à eux du monde, ils sont plus évolués que nous, dans la mesure où ils utilisent des puissances invisibles pour parvenir à leurs fins, mais ce qu'ils ignorent c'est que chaque fois que l'homme a décidé d'évoluer, il s'est simplement disqualifié lui-même de la face de Dieu. Il faut retenir une chose une bonne fois pour toute: Le monde spirituel n'évolue pas, et puisque ce monde physique est régi par des lois spirituelles, nous devons nous conformer à ces lois spirituelles et morales. L'évolution ramène toujours la rébellion contre Dieu, l'évolution ramène toujours des démons, la preuve étant que aujourd'hui on a légalisé le mariage homosexuel, l'avortement, l'euthanasie, et beaucoup d'autres saletés nous attendent dans un futur proche. Puis, souvenons-nous qu'il y a un certain Darwin qui avait proposé sa théorie évolutionniste, une théorie qui s'avère être totalement luciférienne, Roger Morneau (Un ancien spirite) nous le revèle dans son témoignage. Ces stars ne sont pas naïves du tout, ils recherchent le pouvoir occulte pour obtenir la gloire de ce monde, ils peuvent donc faire des recherches spirituelles partout ailleurs et même jusqu'en Afrique et  si cela peut leur être profitable. Lorsque j'ai vu ce clip de Erykah Badu, une pièce du puzzle est simplement venue compléter le schéma qui était déjà plutôt clair dans mon esprit. Je vous laisse avec cette vidéo d'une fille qui pratique ce rituel en plain air au Cameroun, ça commence au temps 00:35 (La 35ème seconde de la vidéo). J'expose toutes ces choses parce que j'estime qu'en tant que serviteurs de Dieu, nous devons connaitre ces choses, ça ne sert à rien de fuir la réalité. Les chrétiens doivent exposer les ténèbres par la lumière de la vérité.

Examinez ce qui est agréable au Seigneur; et ne prenez point part aux œuvres infructueuses des ténèbres, mais plutôt condamnez-les. Car il est honteux de dire ce qu'ils font en secret; mais tout ce qui est condamné est manifesté par la lumière, car tout ce qui est manifesté est lumière. (Ephésiens 5:10-13)
Ne les craignez donc point; car il n'y a rien de caché qui ne doive être découvert, ni de secret qui ne doive être connu. (Matthieu 10:26)







Soyons vigilants!
          Beer & Rails        

Snowboarding and beer. Beer and snowboarding. It’s a timeless partnership of hops, yeast, liquid courage and good times.

This same partnership helped send an unlikely snowboard crew of Riley Nickerson, Keenan Cawley, Jasper Tripp and Ian Daley to Finland for a two-week urban assault with Toni Kerkelä last winter.

Strange Brew has spent the last three seasons stalking the United States by van, hungry for any and all rail features, as well as sometimes just plain hungry. Toni, however, has been busy stacking a hefty list of standout video parts while filming with his hometown crew KBR. Though they exist on the other side of the world, the idea of sending Strange Brew to meet Toni sounded like an interesting recipe for a unique flavor of riding. With the local Karhu barley pop surging through their systems, the boys stormed the streets of Toni’s hometown of Jyväskylä, logging late nights and early mornings.

So what happens when you take a crew of vagabond snowboarders to visit T-Kerks in Finland, stack footage and let it ferment for a couple months?

Crack a can, post up and push play to celebrate the union of snowboarding and our favorite form of a fermented malty beverage.

Cast: Rome Snowboards and IANTMACY

Tags: Rome SDS, Rome Snowboards, Snowboarding, Beer & Rails, Finland, Toni Kerkela, Strange Brew, Urban, Street Spots, Jibbing, Travel, Adventure and Snowboard


          Ban welcomes resolution of border dispute between Equatorial Guinea and Gabon        
Publisher: UN News Service - Document type: Country News
          Célébration de la Journée internationale pour l’élimination de la … – Gabonews        
Célébration de la Journée internationale pour l'élimination de la ...Gabonews... le monde a accompli des progrès réels, mais insuffisants pour atteindre les objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD) et c'est « l'Afrique .... Continuer la lecture
          Photos: tiny creatures of Gabon        
Dung beetle working hard with a ball of dung in Gabon. Photo by Rhett A. Butler. In wildlife terms Gabon is known for gorillas, chimpanzees, forest elephants, and mandrills. But Gabon is also home to a reach variety of mini-fauna, a few of which are highlighted here. Copper-colored tiny spider in Gabon. Photo by Rhett […]
          Review of Egyptian Cotton Bedsheet by APlus Linen        

"Have nothing in your home that you don't know to be useful or believe to be beautiful." William Morris


Small or big, our homes are a beautiful reflection of us. They are not just our residence where we live our deepest emotions or feel most comfortable but they are also an ensemble of our lifestyle.

So, when a house represents as many vivid aspects of us, why not further personalize it with elements that are beautiful and useful as well.

When we say Lifestyle, it need not be flashy or on your face grandeur. It can be minimalist, subtle and use good quality materials. They can be the furnishings, the accessories or even the linen that we use.

Yes, I did say Linen.

I love my Linen

After living years off my suitcase at different location across the country, different places across the cities, my vagabond life know no bound when it comes to living condition and my linen.

Ever since my school days, I have been very particular about my linens especially the bed linen. My parents have some excellent collections of bed linen sets, out of which I have hand picked few. Living in rented apartments, I have least control over the structure or furnishing of my house. But bed sheets are something that I have not grown up to compromise on.

Why Linen is an important aspect of my home?

For me, bed sheets are not just about design or what fits the size of my bed or easily available spread of cloth but also a great of comfort. We may not realize but we spend a considerable amount of time on our beds- sleeping, reading, sometimes watching TV or even playing board games with family. Out of which, sleeping is most prominent and non-negligible.

We sleep not just to take rest but it is an activity that helps repair the stress and damage that we have gone through the course of the day. It is a healing and rejuvenating exercise. A good linen not just provides softness or comfort to our bodies but also aides in overall well-being.
  
Bedsheet beyond décor

When it comes to home decor, the foremost rule of my design thumb is- Minimalist and comfortable. Rest all comes later.

While buying a bed sheet, there are few things that I look for. They are-

1)        Quality of Fabric [some of you equate it with thread count]
2)        The color: I have something for the pastel/ light colors. I do love rich and deep colors but prefer them in silk finish
3)        A neat and well-etched Design
4)        Right Priced

I know getting all the specifications matched into one final good is difficult. And even the current vast retail space, is more confusing than helping. Market is inundated with X nos of brand, each trying to push their ware. You cannot keep investing and experimenting all the time. It is time, energy and cost consuming.

My wild goose chase ended with A Plus Linen.





Discovering A Plus Linen

When it comes to bed sheets, I am gravitated towards solid and pastels one with high thread counts. Like a lot of you, I equated thread counts with quality. When I first spoke to Aditya from A Plus Linen, he changed my perception by telling me that how “High Thread Count is not a right way to ascertain the quality of the linen.

More important than the thread count, is the type of cotton and the type of yarn. Apluslinen uses long staple Egyptian cotton and single-ply yarn which has fewer knots thereby leading to softer, stronger and longer lasting bed sheet.

I have been on a lookout for a good pastel bed sheet from quite sometime and had my own share of woes in name of spending good fortune to get better sheets. The bed sheets that my parents bought earlier, were hard to found and no one spoke about selling a good quality without making me shell a good INR 10,000 plus for it.

I almost picked two bed sheet from a large retail outlet when I read about Aplus Linen. Tsch, I am glad that I did.

About A Plus Linen
Whoever attach luxury with high price, should check A Plus Linen. They use 100% long staple Egyptian Cotton with a single ply yarn to achieve a high strength and softer feel as compared to multiple ply yarn.
To know more, check their website
First Impression and Experience
First and foremost, I was glad to learn about their knowledge in this sphere. It is a feel good aspect when you know your brand knows about the sphere it works in rather than trying to just push a product.

Secondly, they had a fewer option in bed sheets to make the choice easy. They had the light Blue pantone and plain white bed sheet that I have been looking from quite sometime.

Being a Mumbai based company, I got the product delivery in no time in a neatly packed consignment via the Fedex.

The linen was mint fresh and has a perfect smooth finish that you may look for your high end lifestyle linen requirement.

Here are the few dimensions that you may be interested in-

Material: Egyptian Cotton
Size: Queen size 
         Price: Rs 3500
Scope of Review: A Plain Blue Colored [Pantone 277], Bed sheet with Pillows.

Out of Scope: Other Products including Bed sheets with Print.







Haute Kutir Verdict: I have been using the A plus Linen Egyptian cotton bed sheet for almost a week. It was delivered to me in mint fresh condition and when spread over the bed, it gave no discomfort or reason to wash before using it. The quality of cotton is really good and has a great finish to it.

If you follow me on Instagram and Snapchat, you would have seen the first impressions and the unboxing. A lot of you equated my choice of color with the linens available in hospitable. I find the light color soothing and can be attributed to the fact that hospitals use this color as it is (a) gender neutral and (b) has a healing/soothing property to it.

I liked the light color which does not bore any bleach patches or rough textures [thus far] and the beauty is when I pull aside the curtains off my guest bedroom, the bed sheet resonates so well with the open blue skies outside my French windows.

The overall feel is comfortable and luxurious. The plain colors help assuage the usual clutter of my room [I work at home] and gives a good illusion of space.

Do I recommend this brand: Yes, Indeed!
Will I buy more from A Plus Linen: Definitely!

So, overall it is quality buy. And if you are looking for a high-end bed sheets [akin to what they use in 5 star hotels] without burning your pocket, do give a try to A Plus Linen.

Haute Living, Beautiful Thinking!
_____________________ 


For collaborations, email me at hautekutir@gmail.com

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          IRVINGIA GABONENSIS        
Depois da proibição dos derivados anfetaminicos que diminuiam de modo efetivo a vontade voraz de comer (o Conselho Federal de Medicina entrou com recurso para anular a proibição, mas ate o momento ainda sem definição) estamos procurando substancias fitoterapicas que poderão diminuir um pouco o apetite, algumas delas já estão sendo usadas e eu vou aos poucos mostrar aquelas que têm base cientifica para serem usadas, aquelas que já possuem trabalhos publicados, vou começar com a Irvingia gabonensis:  
A IRVINGIA GABONENSIS NO TRATAMENTO DA OBESIDADE
Irvingia Gabonensis é o nome cientifico de uma planta muito comum na África Central e Ocidental, onde é conhecida como Manga de Arbusto ou Manga Selvagem, sendo muito apreciada pelos seus frutos saborosos. Para nós ela ficou conhecida como Manga Africana, sobretudo por causa de sua origem.
Numa pesquisa demográfica realizada na região de onde a planta se origina, descobriu-se que a incidência de pessoas com diabetes e com obesidade era quase nula, e a partir daí iniciou-se um estudo para levantar as possíveis causas. Os cientistas observaram então que os habitantes da região usavam tanto a planta quanto o extrato obtido a partir da sua semente como medicamento para vários males e também para engrossar as suas sopas. Os estudos e pesquisas seguiram e comprovaram a eficácia do extrato da manga africana no combate da diabete e da obesidade, e desde então esse produto é largamente comercializado nos Estados Unidos e agora também no Brasil, além de outros lugares do mundo.
Nos estudos científicos ficou comprovado que a Irvingia Gabonensis possui componentes muito importantes que tem efeito sobre o metabolismo humano, auxiliando no emagrecimento e inibindo o desenvolvimento da diabetes. Na prática ela inibe a absorção dos carboidratos e evita a formação de novas células gordurosas, auxiliando a perda rápida de peso, especialmente auxiliando na eliminação da gordura abdominal localizada, pois é sabido que a gordura localizada no abdômen é derivada principalmente da ingestão de carboidratos, auxiliando ainda na melhor circulação sanguínea. A Irvingia Gabonensis também atua reduzindo os índices de triglicerídeos e do colesterol ruim, aumentando os índices do colesterol HDL, o colesterol que é considerado bom, ou seja, ela auxilia no equilíbrio orgânico, em virtude especialmente do alto teor de fibras que contém.
As publicações a respeito das pesquisas já realizadas e as que ainda estão em andamento têm mostrado que a Irvingia Gabonensis (Manga Africana) não só auxilia a perder peso pela diminuição na absorção dos carboidratos que se transformam em gorduras, como também tem o poder de reduzir o apetite, deixando as pessoas que tomam a substância com uma sensação prolongada de saciedade, o que acelera ainda mais o emagrecimento.

          Kwanzaa Flag Decoration        
Kwanzaa Flag Decorationfenadminuser Tue, 12/05/2006 - 14:33

Kwanzaa Flag Decoration

Materials
  • Construction paper in red, green, blue, yellow and white
  • Scissors
  • Thin ribbon or yarn
  • Glue
  • Black marker

 

 

Directions

The Flag of Gabon:

  1. Cut a rectangle from the green construction paper, measuring about 3" x 6".
  2. Cut bands from the blue and yellow paper, measuring about 2" x 6".
  3. Paste the strips horizontally across the green rectangle, starting at the bottom with the blue.
  4. Paste the yellow directly above the blue strip, so that you are left with three bands of equal size running horizontally across the flag: green on top, yellow in the center, and blue on the bottom.

The Flag of Ghana:
  1. Cut a rectangle from the green construction paper, measuring about 3" x 6".
  2. Cut bands from the red and yellow paper, measuring about 2" x 6".
  3. Paste the strips horizontally across the green rectangle, starting at the top with the red.
  4. Paste the yellow directly below, so that you are left with three bands of equal size running horizontally across the flag: red on top, yellow in the center, and green on the bottom.
  5. Use the black marker to draw a five-point star in the center of the yellow band.

The Flag of Benin:
  1. Cut a rectangle from the green construction paper, measuring about 3" x 6".
  2. Cut bands from the red and yellow paper, measuring about 1½" x 5".
  3. Glue the yellow strip to the top right of the green rectangle.
  4. Paste the red band at the bottom right of the rectangle so you are left with a green vertical band on the left, and yellow and red horizontal bands of equal size.

The Flag of Nigeria:
  1. Cut a rectangle from the green construction paper, measuring about 3" x 6".
  2. Cut a strip from the white paper, measuring 2" x 3".
  3. Paste the white strip directly in the center of the green rectangle so that it runs vertically.

Paste the ribbon or yarn behind each flag, so that they are strung together. Hang your flag decoration and enjoy! For added fun, research other flags of Africaand include them in your wall decoration!

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          Diaries of an Andariego        
andariego (n) – one who travels a lot; wanderer; vagabond If you read my last post, you’ll know that the Peace Corps decided that my site was no longer safe for me to live in, and moved me out on Monday, January 27. I had already been living out of a suitcase for almost a […]
          The O.K. Show, Episode 21: Davina Sowers        
Davina and the Vagabonds frontwoman Davina Sowers deconstructs the stigma around mental illness and shares her addiction and recovery story.
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-22-2016 with Adam Taylor        
Playlist:

Sharon Jones The DapKings- People Dont Get What They Deserve - Miss Sharon Jones Original Motion Picture Soundtrack
Lee Fields The Expressions- Where Is The Love - Special Night
Otis Taylor- Peggy Lee - Hey Joe Opus Red Meat
Balkan Beat Box- Chin Chin - Shout It Out
- voicebreak -
Janelle Mone- Hum Along And Dance Gotta Get Down - The Get Down Original Soundtrack From The Netflix Original Series Deluxe Version
Mayer Hawthorne- Someone Like You - Party Of One EP
Chatham County Line- Bon Ton Roulet - Autumn
Jane Lynch- A Swingin Little Christmas Time feat Kate Flannery Tim Davis The Tony Guerrero Quintet - A Swingin Little Christmas feat Kate Flannery Tim Davis The Tony Guerrero Quintet
- voicebreak -
Coins- No Sleep Till Brooklyn Daft Science Remix - Daft Science
Fruit Bats- The Rock Doc Clean Version - The Glory Of The Fruit Bats
Southern Culture On The Skids- Freak Flag - The Electric Pinecones
Davina The Vagabonds- Santa Bring My Baby Back To Me - Christmas On The Lam And Other Songs From The Season
Pixies- Classic Masher - Head Carrier
Quaker City Night Hawks- Beat The Machine - El Astronauta
The Coathangers- Make It Right - Nosebleed Weekend
Charles Bradley- Aint It A Sin - Changes
Miike Snow- Genghis Khan - Iii
Band Of Horses- Throw My Mess - Why Are You OK
DriveBy Truckers- Ramon Casiano - American Band
Sturgill Simpson- Sea Stories - A Sailors Guide To Earth
- voicebreak -
Otis Clay- Trying To Live My Life Without You - Trying To Live My Life Without You
The Brothers Rap- The Revolution Will Not Be Televised - Afterschool Special The 123s Of Kid Soul
Gil ScottHeron- New York Is Killing Me - Visions Of The Blues
- voicebreak -
Leon Russell- Delta Lady - Leon Russell
Acid Tongue- I Died Dreaming - I Died Dreaming EP
Railroad Earth- Hard Livin - Amen Corner Bonus Track Version
Earth Wind Fire- Got To Get You Into My Life - The Essential Earth Wind Fire
Dots- Drive Me To The Lights - We Swim
Courtney Barnett- Pedestrian At Best - Sometimes I Sit And Think And Sometimes I Just Sit
- voicebreak -
Hot Panda- Bad Pop - Bad Pop
Kan Wakan- Molasses - Molasses
Fort Knox Five- Keep It Poppin Feat Mustafa Akbar - Pressurize The Cabin Remixed
David Bowie- Oh You Pretty Things 2015 Remastered Version - Hunky Dory 2015 Remastered Version
Melissa Etheridge- Whos Making Love - Memphis Rock And Soul
Mike Doughty- Wait Youll Find A Better Way - The Heart Watches While The Brain Burns
Jefferson Airplane- Volunteers - Volunteers Bonus Track Version


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2016-12-22
           Gabon : le syndicat national des employés du pétrole porte plainte auprès de l’OIT         
Mi-juillet, alerté par une plainte de l'Organisation nationale des employés du pétrole (Onep), l'OIT a
demandé des explications aux autorités gabonaises taxées par l'organisation syndicale d' "atteintes à la liberté syndicale". Le Comité de la liberté syndicale de l'OIT pourrait se saisir du dossier lors de sa prochaine réunion de novembre.
Dans une « plainte Â» datée du 29 mai que Jeune Afrique a consulté, l’Organisation nationale des employés du pétrole (Onep) attaque l’État du Gabon auprès de l’Organisation internationale du travail (OIT). L’organisation syndicale, qui revendique 5 000 salariés membres dans le secteur pétrolier gabonais, estime que l’État a porté atteinte aux libertés syndicales.
Le syndicat pense avoir été indûment évincé d’une procédure de négociation collective initiée en mars 2017 au sein du groupe pétrolier Maurel et Prom, pour mettre un terme à une série de grèves depuis le mois d’octobre 2016, dans un contexte social tendu du fait de l’élection présidentielle de septembre dernier et de la revente de l’entreprise française au groupe indonésien Pertamina.
Dans cette plainte, le syndicat demande à l’OIT de « rappeler à l’ordre le gouvernement gabonais Â», de « dissuader le gouvernement dans sa volonté d’exclure l’Onep de négociations collectives Â» et « d’instaurer dans la loi des recours et des sanctions suffisamment dissuasives contre les actes d’ingérence des employeurs et des pouvoirs publics à l’égard des organisations de travailleurs Â».

Des explications demandées aux autorités gabonaises

Une plainte dont le Comité de la liberté syndicale, chargé au sein de l’OIT d’apporter des recommandations contre d’éventuelles violations de cette liberté, a accusé bonne réception dans un courrier daté du 13 juillet, indiquant l’avoir transmis aux autorités gabonaises pour obtenir ses « observations Â».
« Il faut que le Comité de la liberté syndicale choisisse de mettre ce cas à l’ordre du jour. Puis, si c’est le cas, il pourra émettre des recommandations dont il assurera le suivi auprès de l’État. Dans certains cas, des missions de l’OIT peuvent être dépêchées Â», explique un porte-parole de l’agence onusienne. C’est en novembre que le Comité de la liberté syndicale tiendra sa prochaine réunion.
Sollicité, Maurel et Prom au Gabon n’a pas souhaité commenter cette information. Le groupe français note dans son dernier rapport annuel qu’ « un processus de reconstruction du dialogue social est mis en place au sein de Maurel & Prom Gabon, afin de recréer une dynamique à la suite de la grève Â».
Source:Jeune Afrique


          GABON : LE PRET DU FMI QUI POURRAIT FAIRE TOMBER LE REGIME BONGO        
Analyse de Brice NDONG en français facile Arrêtez de Nous enfumer! En perspectives : Suspension
de la bourse aux étudiants, suppression des avantages sociaux aux fonctionnaires… La vérité est que la France et les Banque du Monde ont refusé de prêter de l’argent au Gabon..Depuis 50 ans, le pouvoir Bongo n’existe que si l’on paye les fonctionnaires et Ali le sait mais pendant combien de temps tiendra-t-il encore ? A lire attentivement , c’est long ***************************** Je vous parle la main sur le cœur car, je n’ai pas encore mangé depuis le matin. Pour les fangs, l’ethnie à laquelle j’appartiens, mais que je n’ai pas choisie, c’est très significatif. Au mois de juin 2017, les habitants du quartier ont appris que le Fonds Monétaire International (FMI) a approuvé un prêt de 642 millions de dollars au Gabon, dont un premier décaissement cash et immédiat de 98,8 millions de dollars. Ceci pour soutenir notre pays qui n’a plus d’argent. Je ne vais pas vous parler de tout le programme d’ajustement y afférent. C’est trop long. Allez-y fouiller vous-mêmes sur internet. Comme j’aimerais simplement vous dire ceci : La dernière fois que le Gabon a demandé de l’argent au FMI, c’était en 2007 en pleine crise financière internationale qui a débuté aux USA. Dix ans plus tard, notre pays se rapproche de l’institution de Bretton Woods pour solliciter un prêt. Cela veut dire que le FMI n’est pas très fréquentable. Contrairement à ce qu’on pourrait penser, le FMI n’est pas la seule institution financière internationale qui peut nous donner de l’argent. Il y en a plusieurs dont la Banque de France, la Banque de Franckfort, la BCE, les Bourses de Londres et de Paris, etc. Allez-y en Amérique du Nord, le boulot des banques Canadiennes et Américaines est de ne vendre que de l’argent. Prêter 1 Milliards de FCFA au Gabon, c’est du « Pipi de Chat ». Mais, le seul problème est que toutes ces banques communiquent entre elles et calculent le facteur risque. Quand on regarde un pays, on dit Non ! làlàlà, ce n’est pas bon. C’est quand vous n’avez plus la confiance des autres institutions financières internationales que vous faites recours au FMI. Alors, comment ça se passe quand le FMI arrive chez vous ? C’est là que vous allez comprendre pourquoi j’ai dit que le régime va tomber. Le FMI est un mauvais usurier. Quand il vous donne son argent, ils viennent s’installer chez vous pour contrôler comment cet argent est utilisé. Ils vont t’imposer les choses que vous ne pouvez pas supporter. Souvenez-vous des fameux plans d’ajustement structurels qui ont appauvri l’Afrique. Il faut déjà savoir qu’aucun Etat dans le monde n’est financier. Tout Etat a d’abord un rôle social à jouer et, il le joue à 80%. Or, quand le FMI s’installe chez vous. Il cherche à tenir tous les leviers de votre économie. Il va couper tout ce que vous pouvez faire comme du social. Ceci dans le seul but de se faire rembourser. Ils veulent contrôler vos recettes et vos dépenses. Vous savez que c’est le ministre de l’économie qui gère les recettes et celui du budget la dépense. Le FMI va donc installer un bureau au ministère de l’économie et un autre au trésor public. Ils vont vous foutre la pression au point de devenir des conseillers occultes de nos argentiers. Quand vous voulez effectuer telle ou telle dépense, ils vous disent Non !on n’a pas besoin de ça ! Coupez-nous ça !. La bourse aux étudiants, le FMI vous dira, on en veut plus. Dans la situation actuelle, ce sont les étudiants qui seront frappés par les premières mesures du FMI. Il n’y a pas de hasard en politique et surtout en période de crise. Dors et déjà, Je vous informe que si l’Etat a demandé aux étudiants gabonais de payer 50.000 FCFA pour entrer à l’école, c’est l’une des mesures du FMI pour rentrer dans ses fonds. On dit que cette mesure ne concerne que les étudiants de l’UOB. C’est faux ! il y a une arnaque derrière tout ça. Elle concerne tous les établissements publics supérieurs du Gabon. Je ne veux pas qu’on vous mente. Après cette mesure, l’Etat va s’attaquer à la bourse des étudiants pour la suspendre. Faisons une analyse simple. Si l’Etat demande aux étudiants de payer les 50.000 FCFA, est-ce que cet Etat va continuer à leur verser la Bourse ? C’est quand même tirer par les cheveux. Ou alors, on continuera à faire enregistrer les boursiers à l’ANBG sans les payer. Pour cela, j’ai une question à poser au ministre du Budget qui organise la dépense devant vous tous : Quelle est la dette de l’Etat vis-à-vis des élèves boursiers du Gabon depuis l’année dernière ? L’Etat va suspendre la bourse des étudiants, mais pour le moment il ne sait pas comment l’annoncer. Ça va être « Ndjindja » en début d’année prochaine. Ce qui se passe est que le Gouvernement est entrain de serrer au niveau de la dépense. Il contrôle les recettes en ajoutant d’autres comme les 50.000 FCFA qu’on demande aux parents d’étudiants. Bientôt, d’autres taxes vont s’ajouter aux entreprises minières notamment. On nous fait croire que l’Etat est à la recherche de l’argent mais en réalité c’est son partenaire FMI qui nous impose un nouveau régime. Nous avons tous écouté la conférence de presse des membres du gouvernement frondeur du MOGABO. On nous parle de DIVERSIFICATION de l’ECONOMIE. Savez-vous que le mot DIVERSIFICATION de l’économie existe dans les anales du ministère de la planification depuis 1960 ? C’est un vieux mot. Régis Immongault et ses amis n’inventent rien. Posons la question au gouvernement : Où sont passés tous nos partenaires dont on nous parle depuis 7 ans au point d’aller s’emmerder avec le FMI ? Que des voyages luxueux aux USA, à Londres et Paris pour rien. Pourquoi on se retrouve dans les pieds du FMI que tout le monde refuse : La Grèce, l’Espagne, le Portugal, etc. Concernant OLAM, comment le Ministre d e l’Economie peut compter les recettes d’une entreprise privée comme étant les gains de l’Etat ? Comment ça se passe ? Quand une entreprise privée exporte les produits comme l’Evéa, le palmier à huile ou la banane, l’Etat met en place une taxe à l’exportation. Par exemple, si vous exporter 1 tonne de banane du Port d’Owendo vers la France, le gouvernement va prélever 10.000 FCFA par tonne. Les 10.000 FCFA là, représente une taxe à l’exportation. A partir de ce moment, le gouvernement peut dire que les recettes agricoles ont contribué au budget de l’Etat à hauteur de 10.000 FCFA parce qu’il ya une taxe à l’exportation. OLAM est une entreprise privée. Ses bénéfices et recettes ne concernent pas l’Etat. Ce sont ses taxes à l’exportation, suivant les chiffres de la douane, qui permettent à l’Etat de dire que telle ou telle entreprise nous a rapporté tant de sous en 2017. De quoi parle le Ministre Immongault ? Mieux encore, Le Ministre de l’Economie dit qu’il a rencontré son homologue français Bruno le Maire qui est pourtant le patron de la Banque de France. Pourquoi il ne lui pas demandé de l’argent ? Notre pays est en crise. Quelle a été la réponse de la France vis-à-vis du Gabon ? On renvoie le Gouvernement devant l’AFD. C’est l’AGENCE FRANCAISE DE DEVELOPPEMENT. Si une Coopérative agricole a besoin d’acheter des Machines au Mali, on appelle l’AFD.

S’il ya un Pont qu’on doit construire sur la route de Mimongo, c’est l’AFD qui finance. L’AFD n’est pas une banque. Quand on vous renvoie devant son directeur, c’est qu’on vous a ridiculisé. La vérité est que le Ministre de l’Economie Régis Immongault est allé en France voir Bruno LE MAIRE pour un prêt. La France lui a répondu que le Gabon n’est pas crédible. C’est tout ! Les banques du monde considèrent le Gabon d’Ali Bongo comme un danger. Le risque est très élevé en ce moment pour faire des prêts à notre pays. Voilà la vérité qu’il faut dire aux Gabonais. Si le Gabon était crédible, on devait entendre que le Chef de l’Etat est allé signer un accord financier avec la Banque de France. On l’a vu à l’époque de Paul Toungui , Ex Ministre des fiances d’Omar Bongo. Arrêtez de nous enfumer ! Quand on renvoie le Gabon à l’AFD, cela veut dire que tous les signaux sont au vert pour faire tomber le régime. Mais ça, on en parlera à la deuxième partie de cette analyse. LA SUITE A NE PAS MANQUER le Jeudi 10 Aout 2017 a 17heures GMT sur ma page. 
Brice NDONG Journaliste Citoyen Membre Contributeur de Reporter Sans Frontière 
Tel : 04 65 57 57 Email : ndongbrice2011@hotmail.fr
Bice Ndong


          Impayés de l’Etat gabonais : La SEEG menace de couper l’eau et l’électricité        

L’Etat  gabonais devrait une enveloppe de 65 milliards de FCFA, au titre de ses consommations d’eau
et d’électricité pour les années 2014, 2015 et 2016 et de remboursement de TVA . Les particuliers quant à eux seraient redevables   d’un montant de 60 milliards de FCFA. Si ces impayés ne sont pas réglés,  la SEEG  menace de couper  l’eau et l’électricité.
C’est à l’occasion d’une conférence de presse que le directeur général de la Société d’énergie et d’eau du Gabon, filiale gabonaise du groupe français Veolia Antoine Boo, a précisé entre autre que ces impayés pourraient entraîner une suspension de tous les investissements de la société au Gabon et une réduction de la fourniture d’eau et d’électricité dans les administrations publiques. Antoine Boo a donc prévenu : « Si cette situation d’impayés perdure, on ne pourra plus assurer la fourniture d’eau et d’électricité 24h/24. On fera donc des délestages et les populations seront pénalisées tout comme l’administration. La situation n’est pas durable dans le temps. Par conséquent, nous devons trouver une solution adéquate ».
Rappelant qu’au cours d’une réunion consacrée à ce sujet, tenue le 17 novembre dernier, les deux parties (Etat-SEEG) s’étaient mises d’accord sur un plan d’apurement de cette dette de l’Etat, avec un certain nombre d’ordre de virement de façon à reprendre les paiements, « Mais jusque-là, cet argent n’a pas encore été perçu par la SEEG », a déploré Antoine Boo.
Malgré l’engagement pris par l’Etat pour apurer cette dette de l’Etat, le directeur général de la SEEG a regretté le non-respect des échéanciers de remboursement par l’Etat gabonais. Sans cacher son inquiétude quant à la poursuite des négociations en cours concernant le renouvellement de la concession avec l’Etat, il a précisé « Il y a des sujets qui sont importants et qui font partie de l’agenda de nos discussions, notamment le poids de la dette. A quoi cela sert de continuer, s’il y a un problème au niveau de la dette, sachant que c’est la trésorerie qui nous permet de continuer à fonctionner ». 
Source: gabonmediatime.com



          SPORT: FOOTBALL -CAN Cameroun 2019 : Maroc et Algérie se font la guerre.         
Football : La CAF dévoile le nouveau format des qualifications à la CAN 2019
SPORT: FOOTBALL -CAN Cameroun 2019
Maroc et Algérie se font la guerre
Des titres de la presse marocaine se défoulent quotidiennement sur l’Algérie. Il ne se passe pas un jour sans qu’ils ne fassent le procès de l’Algérie et des Algériens. La dernière saillie en date est celle du site Le 360 sport qui a titré : *«Malgré sa haine viscérale envers les Africains, l’Algérie veut organiser la CAN-2019»*, comme si aucun pays africain n’avait le droit de postuler à l’organisation de la CAN-2019 mis à part le royaume chérifien.
Les Marocains s’imaginent qu’ils sont les nouveaux maîtres du football continental depuis la chute de Issa Hayatou, au point où ils dénient le droit à quiconque de caresser l’espoir d’organiser la CAN-2019 confiée au Cameroun et que le Maroc fait tout pour qu’elle soit retirée au pays des Lions Indomptables avec la complicité des nouveaux patrons de la CAF. Pour faire avaler la pilule du complot tissé à Rabat, Le Caire, Harare et Zurich, les Marocains se sont mis à la manœuvre et ont choisi l’Algérie comme alibi pour détourner l’attention sur les dérives planifiées et exécutées à partir du Maroc. Les sujets du roi affirment : «L’Algérie exige ce qu’elle dit être son droit.
Elle remet au goût du jour une vieille promesse entre présidents déchus. Hayatou et Raouraoua.» La dernière fois que l’Algérie avait officiellement présenté un dossier de candidature pour organiser la CAN-2017 que justement le Maroc avait refusé d’abriter à quelques mois de l’ouverture du tournoi pour de fallacieuses raisons (l’épidémie Ebola) et interdire ainsi aux Africains de poser le pied dans le royaume. Entre le dossier algérien et gabonais, la CAF a fait son choix, défavorable à l’Algérie.
Les éditions 2019, 2021 et 2023 ont été confiées, respectivement, au Cameroun, la Côte d’Ivoire et la Guinée. Donc, le pays d’un million et demi de martyrs ne figurait dans aucun petit papier de Issa Hayatou, ni dans l’agenda de la CAF, contrairement à ce que veulent faire croire les Marocains et tous les nouveaux chancres du football africain.
Les Marocains ne reculent devant rien, font montre d’aucun scrupule pour brosser une mauvaise image de l’Algérie qu’ils accusent «d’expulser à tour de bras des milliers d’immigrés africains accusés par les hommes de Bouteflika d’être, de par la couleur de leur peau, porteurs de ‘‘sida et autres maux sociaux’’». Tout cela pour ne pas gêner les desseins du Maroc de remplacer le Cameroun. Cette question, retirer la CAN-2019 au Cameroun pour la confier au Maroc, est d’ores et déjà réglée, comme l’a révélé le président de la Fédération royale marocaine de football, Fouzi Lakjah, trois jours avant l’ouverture du symposium de la CAF, le 18 juillet dernier à Rabat. Pourquoi tant d’agitation ?
A travers ce genre de scénarios, le Maroc veut se substituer à l’Algérie comme première force régionale, dans tous les domaines. Pour arriver à ses fins, le Maroc a eu recours à tous les moyens. Pour l’instant, l’Algérie n’a pas l’intention d’organiser la Coupe d’Afrique des nations. Le Maroc si, pour les raisons que tout le monde connaît.
Après avoir fui le concert des Etats africains, tourner le dos au continent, le royaume a changé son fusil d’épaule en arrosant à satiété les voix susceptibles de le remettre dans le circuit. Le football a été un puissant vecteur de cette stratégie tous azimuts de retour dans le giron continental. La mangeoire est l’arme de prédilection pour rallier le maximum d’affidés.


          Unsanctioned Wanderings: Capturing the Vagrant in Romantic Prints        
December 2014

Unsanctioned Wanderings: Capturing the Vagrant in Romantic Prints

Lucy Kimiko Hawkinson Traverse
University of Wisconsin-Madison

“[. . .] their movement cannot be captured in a picture, nor can the meaning of their movements be circumscribed in a text”

-Michel de Certeau, The Practice of Everyday Life

1.        Epitomized by Caspar David Friedrich’s Wanderer Watching a Sea of Fog (c. 1817-18), and the Wordsworthian peripatetic, the gentlemanly or artistic wanderer is integral to the Romantic imagination. Wandering lies at the heart of picturesque sightseeing, blank verse poetry, specimen collecting, and the Romantic cultivation of self. However, these forms of sanctioned wandering exist against a backdrop of less desirable movements that, nonetheless, inform, color, and at times literally converge with, the endorsed amblings of the inquisitive artist-gentlemen. Unsanctioned forms of wandering existed on a spectrum of criminality, which at times included peddlers, actors, shepherds, discharged soldiers, beggars, orphaned children, gypsies, sailors, highwaymen, pirates, and ultimately, as Toby Benis has argued, “anyone on the road without adequate cause” (2). These disparate groups, while often meticulously differentiated, were also increasingly amalgamated as vagrants through a series of common burdens and discriminatory practices, resulting from changing Poor Laws, licensing, and Vagrancy Acts in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries.

2.        It is not my aim or desire to reproduce here an exhaustive catalog of wandering types. Rather, I hope to sketch some of the strategies of representation used to capture the vagrant body in print. And further, to tease out some of the tensions and slippages between the text as material object and the roaming body it seeks to arrest. To do this I will examine a selection of British Romantic prints, all bound in books published in London in the first two decades of the nineteenth century (1800-1820). Some of these texts explore a signal category of wanderer (e.g., the urban beggar in the case of John Thomas Smith’s Vagabondiana, or, Anecdotes of mendicant wanderers through the streets of London [London, 1817], or the gypsy in the case of Heinrich Moritz Gottlieb Grellmann’s Dissertation on the Gipseys [London, 1807]) while others assemble a variety of eccentric persons, among which can be found wandering types (e.g., James Caulfield’s Portraits, Memories, and Characters, of Remarkable Persons [London, 1819], or G.H. Wilson’s The Eccentric Mirror [London, 1806]). The prints discussed are chosen because they represent different strategies of resistance to the project of containment or arrest, strategies which include signifying in ways that resist the cataloging missions of the text/author, critiquing the text as material object and commodity, representing stasis as a potentially political act, and encouraging the reader/viewer to be cognizant of their complicity in processes of erasure.

3.        The rich body of scholarship interested in Romantic vagrancy tends to focus primarily on Wordsworth’s representation of and engagement with the itinerant poor. The hope of this project is to explore how a more sustained survey of contemporaneous visual representations might alter and expand our understanding of Romantic vagrancy and its relationship both to the artist’s construction of self and the (supposedly) static image. This project resists the impulse to treat as a given the print’s stasis, or to accept prints as a default medium used in the absence of alternative representational technologies. In highlighting the tension of wandering as a space-time practice and the apparent stasis of the published print, I do not mean to suggest that Romantic moving-picture technologies (such as P.J. de Loutherbourg’s Eidophusikon, exhibited in London in 1781) would have offered a more accurate, neutral, or appropriate means of representing acts of unsanctioned wandering. Rather, by examining prints that represent wanderers we are able to explore instances of resistance that complicate a binary understanding of the moving and the still. Prints may seem to “arrest” or “make still” the wandering impulse, but they also reproduce and disseminate the vagrant body. In this way, prints allow for the movement of images even if they are not typically considered “moving images.”

4.        The Romantic era saw the displacement of many people as a result of enclosure, clearances, and revolutions. As Anne Wallace has argued, the resultant increase in pedestrian mobility, not only in the form of those exiled from common lands and sent adrift, but also in the form of “deliberate excursive walking, especially by the relatively well-to-do and educated,” meant increased contact between those wandering for spiritual or artistic refinement and those made mobile out of economic necessity (166). Such contacts feature prominently in the poetry and prose of the Romantic period, as authorial wanderers frequently encounter members of the wandering class, finding cause to celebrate, condemn, or identify with those traversing the landscape in less orthodox ways.

5.        While it may be problematic to assemble such divergent groups into a single category, a series of late eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century laws and ordinances worked to consolidate the wandering poor and to place them in a particular relationship to a wage- and settlement-based economy, which, I would argue, gave them a distinct class status. Since 1662, poor relief had been largely based on a system of parish charity that took “settlement” (defined as birth, long-term residence, or employment in a given community) as a prerequisite for assistance (22-23, 29). The wandering poor were inherently disqualified from such assistance, as they were not settled and were thus not the responsibility of any particular parish. Furthermore, this system of localized assistance increased hostilities towards the unsettled, as those forced to pay the poor rate were invested in limiting any additional burden on parish funds. Tales of transporting pregnant women in labor over parish lines, the destruction of cottages, and the forced eviction of unwanted dependents suggest (with possible hyperbole) some of the strategies used to decrease the pauper population and its concomitant costs (Lloyd 122; Olsen 23). For the nomadic poor this meant continually enforced movement. Unwilling to take on additional charity cases, many communities set laws restricting the number of days vagrants could camp within parish limits. Simultaneously, a series of Vagrant Laws made the very act of continuous, unsettled movement a criminal offense. Thus, an ironic and illogical system was produced whereby nomadic persons were (through local ordinances) required to move regularly, yet by conforming to these laws they subjected themselves to a variety of state-sanctioned punishments, including whipping, imprisonment, and forced labor (Mayall 258).

6.        If, as Celeste Langan has argued, vagrancy functions as both the paradigm of Romantic movement and thought, and as the structural analogy by which we understand the liberal subject, how does this liberalism relate to the materiality of the book, particularly the encyclopedic volumes of types which both contain and mimic the movements of their subjects (Langan 27)? While wandering may be integral to Romantic thought and action, so too is the desire to capture, record, and classify. Indeed, the most immediately apparent discontinuity in prints of wandering types centers on the tension between mobility and stasis. These are persons defined by their unauthorized movement, and yet, to record them as distinct personalities or types requires a degree of arrest. Thus, we find a collection of images organized around a verb that is largely unrepresented. These figures sit, stand, crouch, pose, gesture, and occasionally step, but they do not seem to wander.

7.        A print of Margaret Finch, “Queen of the Gypsies at Norwood,” from James Caulfield’s Portraits, Memories, and Characters, of Remarkable Persons is particularly striking in its apparent stasis (figure 1). As “Queen of the Gypsies,” Finch is unequivocally a representative of a wandering people, and we are told that she has spent her life “traversing the whole of England, in the double capacity of gipsy and thief.” However, in this image we find Finch boulder-like in her squat immobility and groundedness. Having adopted the custom “of sitting on the ground with her chin resting on her knees,” the author explains, Finch’s sinews became “so contracted, that she could not extend herself or change her position” (Caulfield, Portraits, 247-249). In this way, Finch becomes almost hyperbolically immobile, her body calcifying into a stationary lump. Thus fixed, she becomes a site of pilgrimage, a cause for wandering rather than its practitioner, as “persons from the highest rank and quality to that of the lowest class in life” clog the roads leading to Norwood, hoping to see the “singularity of her figure” and benefit from the “fame of her fortune-telling” (Caulfield, Portraits, 247-249). Her spatial movement restricted, she remains an embodiment of temporal roving, as she is believed to possess the ability to see into the future.

8.         As Michael Kramp has argued, the figure of the deformed and repulsive gypsy hag was a Romantic type constructed to undercut the “threat to heterosexual and labor (re)production” posed by the late eighteenth-century trope of Gypsy femininity as aggressively sexual. The old fortune-teller, the “antithesis of sexual allure,” does not endanger heteronormativity, or pose the threat of miscegenation (Kramp, Reconceptualization, 1339). In her decrepit and static state, Margaret Finch becomes an attraction rather than an attractor, and yet, this depiction also exceeds its presumed project to simply re-present a “type”.

9.         Though unwanted by Norwood (Caufield complains that Surry and Kent are especially “pestered” and “plundered” by gypsies), Margaret Finch appears defiant in her stasis (Caulfield 247-249). The cave-like structure that she inhabits seems to have grown up around her, mimicking her contours and naturalizing her place in the landscape. Her face, the nose of which has been drawn in more dramatic profile than the eyes and mouth, seems to hover between a frontal and side view, and concomitantly between a specific likeness and an attempt at physiognomic typing. Her direct stare confronts the viewer, even as her pronouncedly arched and elongated nose distracts from the specificity of this address by calling upon ethnic stereotypes meant to signal her eastern origins and status as “domestic other” (Nord 5).

10.         Bolstering the potential defiance of this address are details that would signal her irreverence to the Romantic reader. In addition to the predictable advice regarding hard work, religious devotion, and frugality, the poor were often advised to avoid unnecessary dependents, such as pets. In a 1795 article in The Times, we find a curious preoccupation with dogs as signifiers of excess (qtd. in Olsen 21-22). Dogs are presented as luxuries that may be afforded the rich, but are so impractical for the poor that their retention disqualifies their owners from charitable assistance. The presence of not just one, but two dogs solidifies Finch’s status as undeserving of—even defiant toward—charitable aid. Likewise signaling Finch’s “excess” are her tobacco pipe and drink. [1] 

11.         Though Margaret Finch dies in 1740, anchored to a Norwood hovel by a decrepit body, through the reproduction and dissemination of this print, she regains a measure of spatial and temporal movement, persisting through time and “traversing the whole of England” once again. Here, the print seems not to “arrest” or “capture” the subject so much as record an act of defiant immobility—stasis as a political act, in the face of discriminatory laws and practices. The boulder-like solidity of Finch’s form, enveloped by the landscape and seemingly immovable, suggests an insubordinate persistence.

12.         Refusing a teleological and hierarchicalizing narrative, recent scholarship purposes a greater degree of ambiguity, reciprocity, and oscillation between still and moving images. More importantly, such work critically rethinks the implications of stasis. Resisting an easy alignment of stasis with death, or a confusion of “rigor with rigor mortis,” Karen Beckman and Jean Ma advocate the “recursive temporality of the ‘still moving’ ” (5, 11). Beckman and Ma are particularly concerned with the political potential of the recursive and hope that it may provide an alternative to conceptualizing collective political agency solely in terms of “movement” (14). Attempting to forge a model of productive recursive activity, recent scholarship stresses the double meaning of “still,” which may be used to connote an arrest or immobility as well as a persistence or continuation. Significantly, if taken in the latter sense, “the still is on the side of becoming and moving rather than in strict opposition with it” (Kaplan 221). It is this tension or doubleness within “the still” that Jean-Luc Nancy has explored in relation to the logic of concealment (31-47). In a like vein, Jean Baudrillard has interrogated stasis that is not static in diverse instances of “freezing,” arguing that such “immobility is not an inertia, but a paroxysm which boils movement down into its opposite” (67). Whereas Nancy purposes a understanding of (the) “still” which is implicated in movement, Baudrillard insists that even if the still is understood as the antithesis of movement, it cannot be carelessly aligned with inaction or apathy. Rather, it is a particularly concentrated, dense, or “intense” extraction of that movement.

13.         An inaugural plate in Heinrich Moritz Gottlieb Grellmann’s Dissertation on the Gipseys (figure 2), may offer an instance of one such dense freeze. Arrested in the moment of taking a step, a gypsy woman of elongated stature moves from light to shade with an infant and small child. The varied positions of eyes and bodies gives the figure group a varied directionality that seems to work against the suggestion of movement in a particular direction. At the same time, the woman’s movement from light to dark within the hillside scene suggests a true spatial movement through a landscape that is more than a token backdrop. In combination, these aspects of composition and lighting give the scene the odd effect of appearing both spontaneous and posed. A coin in the woman’s outstretched hand (though vaguely delineated) is marked by the simple cross-and-dot pattern of a medieval two- or four-pence (Fleetwood 34-35). [2]  Though ostensibly meant to signal that the woman has received alms, this numismatic anachronism also complicates the temporality of the scene. In conjunction with the figures’ ahistorical dress, the coin suggests a temporal as well as spatial unrootedness, which stands in tension with the print’s claim to have captured a specific moment. In this way, the print seems to present its subjects as simultaneously caught in the act of wandering and performing the act with choreographed exaggeration, and thus gives us a particularly dense extraction of the act that is both specific and symbolic. While acknowledging that anachronistic details fit comfortably with primitivizing constructions of Gypsies as unchanging and timeless, we can still recognize a resistant potential between the supposed temporality of the ethnographic sketch (the claim to have captured) and suggestions of a deeper, un-moored time within the image.

14.        The ethnographic project of containment and classification may be further undermined by the book as material object. Many of the books dedicated to vagabonds, gypsies, and others of the wandering class become themselves strangely nomadic texts. Even a work as seemingly focused as Grellmann’s Dissertation on the Gipseys is notably sprawling and fragmented in its execution. Illustrations are clearly appropriated from other contexts, and gesture more towards their disparate origins than a cohesive narrative. Even the frontispiece, an engraving of a pirate and wanderer by James Heath (1757-1834), apparently after a painting by Richard Corbould (1757-1831) or one of his sons (figure 3), [3]  seems to have been appropriated from another context (as the unrelated volume and page numbers below the caption suggest). Thus, an image intended to introduce a focused treatise on a single topic (gypsies), instead conflates gypsies with other wandering types (pirates) and encourages the viewer to think of other mediums and published contexts for the image at hand. Unfolding pages cut to different sizes, interspersed with plates illustrating themes only tangentially related to the argument of the text, continually push the reader out of the confines of the book to imagine additional sources, narratives, and paths of inquiry. While Grellmann’s text strives to categorize, re-present, and define gypsies in a systematic fashion, its format and diverse content continually undermine this agenda.

15.        Even in seemingly more cohesive ethnographic projects, competing desires to generalize and particularize stand in tension. In Vagabondiana, or, Anecdotes of mendicant wanderers through the streets of London, John Thomas Smith strives to depict the “wanderers” of London, but in order to obtain portraits “drawn from life” he must arrest his roaming subjects. Thus, a vagrant like “Black Joe” (Joseph Johnson) (figure 4) is identified by the specific address of his supposed encounter with Smith, “N4 Chandos Street, Convent Garden.” Ironically, however, this specific location is not articulated in the print, the background of which consists only of non-descript shading. Smith undertakes the seemingly contradictory task of assembling subjects that are both unique and representative. Organized around abstract qualities such as “industriousness,” the text produces as archive of distinct “types” valued for their perceived role as representatives of larger categories. “Black Joe” is taken to represent both the black urban poor (he is one of only two characters in the book identified by a racial signifier) and the particularly creative or ingenious beggar. Thus, Johnson is represented as both a unique subject and a type, and as both emplaced and de-contextualized.

16.        Smith explains that Johnson, imaged with a crutch and cane, has sustained wounds rendering “him incapable of doing further duty on the ocean.” However, as a “consequence of his having been employed in the merchant’s service only,” Johnson is “not entitled to the provision of Greenwich,” and “having no claim to relief in any parish” must glean a living on the streets. Though the elaborate model ship, which Johnson wears affixed to a simple cylindrical cap, is described by Smith simply as evidence of especially creative beggary inspired by his former life as a sailor, between text and image other narratives surface. The author explains that Johnson animates his model ship “by a bow of thanks, or a supplicating inclination to a drawing room window,” thus simulating the “appearance of sea-motion” (33). Johnson’s decision to masquerade as an aquatic vessel may stem from his time as a sailor (one of many, primarily lower-class, occupations available to black Britons in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century), and yet the juxtaposition of a black man and large ship during a time of heated debate surrounding slavery also resonates on other levels.

17.        At the time of this sketch, the British slave trade had (ostensibly) been abolished, but slavery itself was still rampant. Additionally, ships held the threat of deportation, as London officials concocted solutions to the “problem” of the city’s black poor, an effort that culminated in an attempt to ship London’s impoverished blacks to a colony in Sierra Leone (Gerzina 142-173). Though unexplored by Smith, the context of the trans-Atlantic slave trade and the possible threat of deportation are difficult to repress. Although we are assured that Johnson’s gestures are “supplicating,” his performance carries a political edge, an edge that may or may not have been registered by the women taking sugar in their tea as Johnson theatrically “sailed” past their drawing room windows.

18.        The fact that Smith’s Vagabondiana could itself enter such drawing rooms, becoming a sort of guidebook to the eccentric characters that passed, further complicates the project of “capturing” Johnson’s likeness. Smith’s impulse to record his own meanderings through sketches of fellow wanderers could be read as an act of violence by which the implied movement of the author/illustrator is privileged, while the subject’s movement is arrested or denied. By assembling an encyclopedic volume of vagrant types, Smith simulates the act of wandering using the conceit of “happening upon” beggars in their native environs and making “sketches taken from life”. Arguably, the disassociative perusing offered by such texts could function as safe supplement for more radical movement.

19.        Romantic sightseeing and landscape texts were likewise invested in simulating the act of wandering in potentially problematic ways. In Humphrey Repton’s Fragments on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening, the enclosure of common lands and the clearance of undesirables is enacted with the simple lift of a page (Harrison 46). In “View from my own cottage, in Essex” (figure 5), the concluding hand-colored aquatint from Repton’s final treatise and memoir, we find a view of the artist’s own yard. Framed by two large trees, Repton’s view is molested by the traffic of public thoroughfares, which lie just beyond his low lattice fence. More troubling still is the one-eyed, one-armed, one-legged vagrant who leans against this fence. Disabled, elderly, and seemingly exhausted, the man’s mournful eye, long face, and hunched weariness, echoed by the long shadow he casts, seem intended to win our sympathy as viewers. Behind him, in a meager triangle of public green, flocks of ducks scavenge for food, perhaps underscoring the beggar’s own reliant state. Repton’s solution to the aesthetic problem posed by these vagrant scavengers (the beggar as well as the birds) is simple erasure. Lifting the half page reveals an “improved” garden, in which the formerly common green is appropriated and privatized with the use of handsome shrubbery. Plantings and trellises further obscure undesirable aspects of his surroundings (such as the butcher shop) and the beggar disappears altogether. In a final—almost perverse—gesture, Repton offers an empty chair (near the shade of a tree), but only after that weary traveler so clearly in need of such a comfort has been completely expunged. In this way, the "before" and "after" design of Repton’s over-slip illustrations work to justify both the enclosure of common land and the removal of unwanted persons on aesthetic grounds (pun intended).

20.        While the reader/viewer is made potentially complicit in the act of erasure by lifting the page of Repton’s book, it is a process that can be reversed (the vagrant body can be reinserted into the landscape by replacing the over-leaf). Arguably, the nature of “before” and “after” views depend on a certain back and forth comparison between the two images. While the “before” and “after” images are valued differently and their sequencing is meant to suggest improvement and progress, fully appreciating the extent and specificity of the renovation requires that the reader/viewer refer back to the original scene. Likewise resistant to the process of erasure is the inclusion of such a memorable and explicitly damaged body (bearing three distinct wounds), the removal of which is difficult to excuse as an ethically neutral act.

21.        This is not to assume that the injured vagrant is necessarily seeking aid. Certainly, many wandering poor practiced trades and had strategies for living off the land, and were explicitly not looking for charitable assistance or long-term residency in a parish. However, their forced—and simultaneously criminalized—nomadism made almost any action dangerous and suspect. Those who preferred, or were forced into, continual movement were faced with the additional difficulty of navigating lives on rapidly dwindling common lands. In “View from my own cottage, in Essex” we see enclosure on a small scale, as Repton appropriates the apparently public triangle of green for his own purposes, thus alienating both the beggar and the scavenging birds.

22.         Enclosure, the privatization of communal grounds, greatly restricted both the movement and the resources of the wandering poor. The process of consolidating and enclosing commons, wastelands, and open fields into private holdings demarcated by fences, walls, hedgerows, or trenches originated in the late medieval period, but experienced an unprecedented surge in England between 1793 and 1815 (McCalman 496). In many regions the process of enclosure eroded customary rights, including the right to graze animals, gather wood (estover), fish (piscary), cut peat (turbary), and glean wheat or produce left after the harvest (Janowitz 155). Like the agricultural laborers that depended on access to common lands to supplement their meager incomes, for members of nomadic or wandering classes attempting to live off the land, the loss of these customary rights severely affected their ability to subsist. Such rights are explicitly flaunted in an introductory plate from Grellmann’s Dissertation on the Gipseys (figure 6), in which a group of encamped gypsies flaunt their estover and piscary rights.

23.        This depiction of potential theft is exacerbated by the tense relationship between the book as commodity and the vagrant body’s supposed exclusion from commodity circulation. The Gypsy “thirst for glittering Gold” described in Dissertation on the Gypsies is echoed in the glittering crest and gold-coated pages of the book itself, reminding the reader that the artfully-bound volume which collects and contains these observations may itself be an object both coveted and stolen. In this way, the text, which delineates a particular relationship between the Gypsy and personal property, participates in this construction by making the possibility of theft more immediate to the reader—you hold in your hand something that is simultaneously described as desirable to the “dangerous” gypsy vagrant. Thus, the text itself seems to speak the threat of theft.

24.         While vagrants were often differentiated by degree of perceived criminality, I maintain that considering groups as seemingly disparate as beggars, gypsies and highway-men under the umbrella of a threatening un-rootedness helps to clarify how even the most explicitly criminal of these could be appropriated by artists as models, objects of meditation, or catalysts for expressions of empathy, longing, and admiration.

25.        The competing modes of representation we see in “The Trwe [sic] Effigies of James Whitney, the Notorious Highwayman” (figure 7) from James Caulfield’s Portraits, Memories and Characters of Remarkable Persons (1819), speak to an ambivalence toward the Romantic criminal wanderer as well as to a conflation of artistic and criminal types. Though decidedly a criminal—defined (in part) by his roaming, un-rooted movement—Whitney is here seen as a leisured artist or writer dressed as though seated in his study. Comparable images abound in seventeenth- and eighteenth-century portraiture, attesting to what fashion historian Aileen Ribeiro describes as the “well-established, (even hackneyed) convention for artists, men of letters and musicians to be painted in loose gowns” (34). James Maubert’s 1695 portrait of John Dryden (poet, critic, and author of heroic verse) and a 1689-90 portrait of Robert Boyle (after J. Kerseboom) are but two examples of the long tradition upon which Whitney’s “portraitist” draws. However, the engraver clearly plays against these associations as well. Though the dressing gown is understood as comfortable domestic attire for the gentleman who works at home (or, more specifically, the gentleman who does not work, but has pursuits or improves himself at home), it is here coupled not with the usual slippers and study, but with markers of Whitney’s outdoor livelihood: his boots and hat. Further parodying the convention, Whitney directs our gaze not to his accomplishments or objects of study, as we often find in similar images of learned men, but rather to the shackle on his left ankle, underscoring his captivity and criminality. Whitney signifies as both artist-gentlemen and notorious outlaw, and thus the image, while static, moves the viewer along (at least) two separate channels of association. [4]  Thus, the conflation of types inevitably leaches out through competing vocabularies of representation—a process echoed by the fugitive pigments that, with time, leak across the page, allowing the figure to move once again as a ghostly remnant. Though all aging prints are subject to this chemical instability, there is something particularly haunting about this effect in relation to the nomadic body seemingly captured within the text.

26.         Whitney’s “arrest” seems particularly pronounced as he is both literally imprisoned and figuratively captured by the text. Yet, images of cages, prisons, and captives often functioned to inversely signal ideas of physical and mental liberty in eighteenth-century art. As Lorenz Eitner argues, unlike the allegorical representations of previous centuries, the Romantics turned away from the Goddesses of Liberty and Phrygian caps of Baroque art, toward more indirect representations of Liberty, primarily signaled through images of its antithesis. [5]  Compassion for prisoners, images that underscore the pathos of enchainment, sensational tales of prison escapes, and a general public sympathy for the incarcerated seem to pervade the period. Likewise, Eitner points out that “the prisoner’s plight became a favorite metaphor of the isolation or persecution of artists by society” (37). Thus, the importance of liberty is underscored by images that depict its absence: the bound captive, the long-suffering prisoner. Similarly, perhaps, static portraits of wandering types call to mind the mobility they negate.

27.        The representation of “Victor, the Savage of Aveyron,” (figure 8) in G.H. Wilson’s Eccentric Mirror provides another instance of a wandering body both literally and figuratively captured, but makes more explicit the role of text in that arrest. Having wandered the woods unsupervised for many years, Wilson relates, Victor is finally caught by three sportsmen in 1798. Wilson tells us that they find “a disgusting slovenly boy, affected with spasmodic, and frequently with convulsive motions, continually balancing himself like some of the wild animals in the menagerie” (5). And yet, in the portrait that introduces the story, we see the clean, almost classical torso of a boy poised and fully contained within an elaborate set of framing devices. Though supposedly a child of the wilderness, in this likeness, nature is sent to the margins, contained and domesticated in two entwined cornucopias that pour down their bounty as decorative flanking. Far from a threatening or enveloping wilderness, this vegetation is contained and merely ornamental. However, the portrait, in which he is groomed but still naked, introduces an ambiguous temporality. Is this “Victor” before or after his capture?

28.        In a panel below, “Victor” is shown seated with a tutor learning his alphabet. Above, a stylus, paper, and alphabetic flashcards reiterate the theme of literacy. To the right, a badminton racket and birdie indicate a strategy for channeling his “sporadic” movement into organized sport. Together, these symbols suggest the disciplining of the mind and body. However, they also underscore the fraught relationship between the nomadic body and the text as a conduit of literacy, suggesting that “Victor” must be made literate in order to understand his own process of domestication. That is, he must be brought into literacy in order to recognize his own place in the text—a process underscored by the mirror-like quality of the medallion that contains his likeness and the way his gaze is directed at the facing page, on which the narrative of his life commences. The scene may narrate the process by which “Victor” will come to understand his own imprisonment within the text, but it also holds out the possibility of future self-representation.

29.        As a strategy of tying language to static forms that can thus be (at least in some sense) “owned,” the printed word seems inherently at odds with the itinerant subject it strives to depict. The historiated initials (figure 9) that populate John Thomas Smith’s Vagabondiana speak to the anxieties surrounding mobility in relation to the written word as property, and suggest acts resistant to reductive classifications. The small human figures that entwine themselves around inauguratory letters molest, steal, and vandalize the words used to describe them in subtly subversive ways, suggesting that language—even written language—is never stable. The movement of these embodied letters may also speak to what Michel de Certeau has called the “parallelism between linguistic and pedestrian enunciation,” whereby walking (understood as analogous to the speech act) produces the possibilities it executes (99). Thus, walking, as a space of enunciation, can make certain possibilities “exist as well as emerge” (98). Likewise, the man who entwines his body with the inauguratory letter of the word “Beggary” simultaneously presents and performs the word that seeks to classify him. That is, he performs a sort of linguistic theft.

30.        The tensions registered here between nomadic bodies and the texts that strive to anchor them are furthered complicated by the changing understandings of texts as intellectual property during the Romantic period. Emerging from a Kantian understanding of original genius as antithetical to the spirit of imitation, [6]  Wordsworth, Coleridge, and other major literary figures of the period argued for a distinction between original labor and original genius (Saint-Amour 30-31). Ironically, as Paul Saint-Amour argues, “the Romantic conception of authorship revolted against the very market conditions—mechanical reproduction, textual commodification, logics of equivalency, labor-based copyright laws—that had made authorship professionally viable in the first place” (31). Imbedded within this idea was the belief that the artist was ahead of his time. In the words of Saint-Amour, the Romantic conception of Genius “was earliness personified: not only did geniuses do things before anyone else, they antedated even their own comprehensibility and consumability” (32). The Romantic roots of what would solidify into a more self-conscious conception of the avant-garde as the century progressed is worth underscoring as it coincides with changing understandings of intellectual property and copyright law.

31.        Between 1814 and 1842, copyright protection was expanded from 14 to 42 years, and the first posthumous copyright law was enacted, protecting a work for 7 years after the author’s death. A major catalyst for these extensions was the argument, put forth by Wordsworth and others, that true artistic genius could not be understood in its own time and thus required a postmortem window, during which its value could finally be recognized (Saint-Amour 32). While the idea of artistic genius far precedes the nineteenth century, the concern that this genius was unlikely to be sufficiently appreciated during the artist’s own lifetime, that the artist was “out of synch” with his contemporaries (explicitly not co-temporaneous), seems a peculiarly Romantic preoccupation, and is suggestively imbricated with assumptions about the vagrant as having an eccentric relationship to time. Gypsies, and to a lesser extent other wandering types, were consistently assumed to have prophetic powers, as countless representations of gypsy fortune telling and divination attest. Thus, in addition to a sort of spatial eccentricity, members of the wandering class were often presumed to have a temporal eccentricity.

32.        The origins and lineage of vagrants were often (temporally as well as geographically) obscured. Grellmann’s Dissertation, for instance, spends an entire chapter attempting to determine from what country Gypsies originate and at precisely what date they came to be in England. By definition without land or title, vagrants were by and large excluded from the city and parish records that would give them a clear place in hegemonic time (further obscuring questions of origin and lineage). Perhaps a reflection of this ambiguity, the wandering figure is often constructed as a timeless, prophetic figure. [7] 

33.        Through changing copyright laws we find Romantic authors insisting on their lack of contemporanaiety and an attendant need for temporal freedom (through the prolonged life of their works). In this argument for a proto-avant garde I see a sort of temporal wandering, a feeling of disrootedness from one’s own era, a belief that artistic production is not of one time or place, but roams—not unlike those vagrant bodies with whom the Romantic artist so readily identifies. However, we should also note a certain paradox operating within this forced alliance. The Romantic conception of original genius, as a less tangible and heavily mythologized alternative to original labor (understood as industrial and solid), ostensibly resists the labor-based copyright laws it helps to enact—laws concerned with the production and distribution of texts as private commodities.

34.         To state this contradiction more precisely, at the same time that Romantic artists take the wandering, property-less subject as a model for creative production, they advocate for intellectual property laws that draw increasingly rigid boundaries around the intellectual-as-commodity. Concomitant, then, with the land enclosures that help to further dispossess the wandering class, we find a series of intellectual or literary enclosures that privatize texts, removing them from the public domain. As an added insult, these texts frequently contain representations (either literary or visual) of wandering bodies, which they twice alienate: both in their representational arrest, and through their commoditization and privatization as texts operating within a capitalist economy and under the protection of copyright monopolies. And yet, despite this double gesture of appropriation and enclosure, the vagrant body is not wholly confined. Repeatedly, we see it surface, resist, and question the parameters of its enclosure.

Baudrillard, Jean. “Cool Memories.” The Cinematic. Ed. David Campany. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2007. 67.

Beckman, Karen, and Jean Ma, eds. Still Moving: Between Cinema and Photography. Durham, North Carolina: Duke UP, 2008.

Benis, Toby. Romanticism on the Road: The Marginal Gains of Wordsworth’s Homeless. New York: St. Martin’s Press, Inc., 2000.

Caulfield, James. Portraits, Memories, and Characters, of Remarkable Persons. London: H.R. Young and T.H. Whitely, 1819.

De Certeau, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life. Trans. Steven F. Rendall. Berkeley: U of California P, 1984.

Eitner, Lorenz. “Cages, Prisons, and Captives in Eighteenth-Century Art.” Images of Romanticism: Verbal and Visual Affinities. Ed. Karl Kroeber and William Walling. New Haven: Yale UP, 1978. 13-38.

Fleetwood, William. “An Appendix to Chronicon Preciosum: Containing An Historical Account of Coins.” Chronicon Preciosum: or, An Account of English Gold and Silver Money. London: Printed for T. Osborne, 1745. 1-55.

Gerzina, Gretchen. Black London: Life Before Emancipation. New Brunswick, New Jersey: Rutgers UP, 1995.

Glajar, Valentina and Domnica Radulescu, eds. “Gypsies” in European Literature and Culture: Studies in European Culture and History. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Grellmann, Heinrich Moritz Gottlieb. Dissertation on the Gipseys. London: William Ballintine, 1807.

Harrison, Gary. Wordsworth’s Vagrant Muse: Poetry, Poverty, and Power. Detroit: Wayne State UP, 1994.

Hawes, Derek and Barbara Perez. The Gypsy and the State: The Ethnic Cleansing of British Society. Bristol: SAUS Publications, 1995.

Janowitz, Anne. “Land.” An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age: British Culture 1776-1832. Ed. Iain McCalman, et al. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1999. 152-161.

Jarvis, Robin. Romantic Writing and Pedestrian Travel. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2000.

Kant, Immanuel. Critique of Pure Judgment, trans. J. H. Bernard. New York: Hafner Press, 1951.

Kaplan, Louis. “Aleph Beat: Wallace Berman Between Photography and Film.” Still Moving: Between Cinema and Photography. Eds. Karen Beckman and Jean Ma. Durham, North Carolina: Duke UP, 2008. 196-225.

Kramp, Michael. “The Romantic Reconceptualization of the Gypsy: From Menace to Malleability.” Literature Compass 3 June (2006): 1334-1350.

Langan, Celeste. Romantic Vagrancy: Wordsworth and the Simulation of Freedom. Cambridge: Cabridge UP, 1995.

Lloyd, Sarah. “Poverty.” An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age: British Culture 1776-1832. Ed. Iain McCalman, et al. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1999. 114-125.

Mayall, David. Gypsy Identities, 1500-2000: From Egipcyans and Moon-men to the Ethnic Romany. New York: Routledge, 2004.

McCalman, Iain, et al. An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age: British Culture, 1776-1832. Oxford: Oxford UP, 1999.

Nancy, Jean-Luc. “Concealed Thinking.” A Finite Thinking. Ed. Simon Sparks. Stanford, California: Stanford UP, 2003. 31-47.

Nord, Deborah Epstein. Gypsies & the British Imagination, 1807-1930. New York: Columbia UP, 2006.

Olsen, Kirstin. Daily Life in 18-Century England. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1999.

Peltz, Lucy. “Corbould, Henry (1787–1844).” Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Ed. H. C. G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Online ed. Lawrence Goldman. Oxford: OUP, 2004. Web. 14 Mar. 2009

Repton, Humphrey. Fragments on the Theory and Practice of Landscape Gardening. London: J. Taylor, 1816.

Ribeiro, Aileen. The Gallery of Fashion. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton UP, 2000.

Saint-Amour, Paul. Copywrights: Intellectual Property and the Literary Imagination. New York: Cornell UP, 2003.

Smith, John Thomas. Vagabondiana, or, Anecdontes of Mendicant Wanderers Through the Streets of London. London: A. Arch, 1817.

Wallace, Anne. Walking, Literature, and English Culture: The Origins and Uses of Peripatetic in the Nineteenth Century. New York: Oxford UP, 1993.

Wilson, G.H. The Eccentric Mirror. London: James Cundee, 1806-1807.

List of Figures

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Notes

[1] The accompanying text suggests that a “mug of beer” may be had “at the place generally called the Gipsy-house” (Caulfield 247-249). BACK

[2] Coins with a similar pattern on the obverse of the monarch’s profile were minted between the reigns of Richard I and Henry VII (c. 1189-1509). Choosing to show the back of the coin further obscures the temporal as a coin’s face changes with each new reign. BACK

[3] Richard Corbould (1757-1831) had two sons, George Corbould (1786-1846) and Henry Corbould (1787-1844). Richard Corbould married Charlotte Heath, a daughter of the Heath family of engravers and their eldest son, George, apprenticed with James Heath (Peltz). BACK

[4] The “gentlemen thief” was a salient category in the Romantic imagination, exemplified by the “Prince of Pickpockets,” George Barrington (1755-1804), a trained actor and London’s most notorious and celebrated thief. Although arrested repeatedly, Barrington was often (supposedly) released on account of his “gentlemanly demeanor and eloquence,” testifying to the slippage between the categories he embodied (McCalman 417). BACK

[5] There are, of course, notable exceptions (e.g., Delacroix’s Liberty Leading the People, 1830) however, Eitner persuasively argues that, in general, the Romantic period sees a movement away from this type of overt allegory. BACK

[6] As put forth in the Critique of Pure Judgment (1790). See, for example, Kant 150-51. BACK

[7] A popular subject in art of the preceding centuries, the gypsy fortune-teller gained renewed cultural currency in the beginning of the nineteenth century with Sir Walter Scott’s Guy Mannering, or, The Astrologer, published in 1815. The novel’s ambiguous hero, Meg Merrilies, a tempestuous gypsy, and one of the most memorable literary gypsies of the era, famously divines young Harry Bertram’s horoscope. Not only were illustrations of this scene well known through the various prints of Scott’s novel, the figure of Meg Merrilies became the popular subject of paintings and poetry, including John Keats’ “Meg Merrilies,” of 1818. BACK

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New York: India came down by one slot and was ranked 131st among 188 countries on Human Development Index (HDI) 2016 released by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).

India fell under the "medium human development category" and its HDI, at 0.624, was behind Sri Lanka and the Maldives in South Asia.

Sri Lanka and the Maldives were ranked 73 and 105 respectively and figure in the "high human development" section.

India was placed behind countries like Gabon (109), Egypt (111), Indonesia (113), South Africa (119) and Iraq (121) among others. The report lists a total of 188 countries.

China occupies the 90th spot. Bhutan is at 132, Bangladesh 139, Nepal 144 and Pakistan is at 147.

Devised and launched in 1990, HDI is a statistic which ranks countries into four tiers of human development on the basis of indicators like life expectancy, education and per capita income.

A higher lifespan, higher level of education and higher GDP per capita results in a country scoring higher HDI.

The top three countries in HDI were Norway (0.949), Australia (0.939) and Switzerland (0.939).

"Identifying those who have been left out of the progress in human development and mapping their locations are essential for useful advocacy and effective policymaking," according to the report.

"Such mapping can help development activists demand action and guide policymakers in formulating and implementing policies to improve the well-being of marginalised and vulnerable people," it added.

The report said gender equality and women`s empowerment were fundamental dimensions of human development.

However, globally, women have a lower HDI than men, despite having higher life expectancy at birth, said the report.

South Asia`s Gender Development Index (GDI) is the lowest.

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India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1

India slips one position in Human Development Index rank to 131, Norway No.1
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          Le Gabon célèbre l’innovation dans le numérique.        

Le pays d’Ali Bongo se prépare à célébrer, une grande messe du numérique et de l’innovation. L’évènement se tiendra les 14 au 18 décembre 2015 dans un hôtel prestigieux de Libreville. « Des conférences sur le numérique dans les divers secteurs de l’écosystème de l’Internet tels la cyber-sécurité, les ressources Internet, les noms de domaines, […]

Cet article Le Gabon célèbre l’innovation dans le numérique. est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Maroc Telecom croît grâce à ces filiales africaines        

Les filiales africaines de l’opérateur télécom marocain, Itissalat Al-Maghrib (Côte d’Ivoire, Bénin, Togo, Gabon, Niger, Centrafrique et Prestige Telecom qui fournit des services IT à ces dernières), dopent le chiffre d’affaire de l’opérateur plus connu sous le nom de Maroc Telecom. En effet, au troisième trimestre de 2015, les filiales ont permis au chiffre d’affaires […]

Cet article Maroc Telecom croît grâce à ces filiales africaines est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Smart Africa : un projet pour interconnecter l’Afrique        

Né en 2013, lors du sommet Transform Africa, la rencontre internationale sur le développement de l’Afrique par les technologies de l’information et de la communication, Smart Africa est un projet de construction d’une infrastructure télécom clé en Afrique sub-saharienne, porté par le Burkina Faso, le Gabon, le Kenya, le Mali, le Rwanda, le Sénégal, le […]

Cet article Smart Africa : un projet pour interconnecter l’Afrique est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Gabon Telecom lance la voix haute définition        

HD Voice, Meilleur confort, voix haute définition,… les abonnés de Gabon Telecom, sont gâtés en cette fin d’année. L’opérateur a amélioré considérablement ses services, pour se positionner comme « premier opérateur dans la sous-région Afrique Centrale» Avec la technologie «HD Voice », dont la société s’est équipée récemment, le confort de dialogue des consommateurs sera […]

Cet article Gabon Telecom lance la voix haute définition est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Gabon: l’ARCEP annonce un audit de la 4G        

Un communiqué de l’Agence de régulation des communications électroniques et de la poste (ARCEP)  annonce pour très bientôt une évaluation de la qualité du service 4G offert par Gabon Telecom. Les 2G et 3G ont déjà fait l’objet d’un contrôle mené du 29 janvier au 27 février 2015 auprès de l’ensemble des opérateurs du secteur, […]

Cet article Gabon: l’ARCEP annonce un audit de la 4G est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          L’UA fait installer un douzième point d’échange internet sur le continent        

La Commission de l’Union Africaine vient de mettre en place un point d’échange internet sur l’ile Maurice. Il s’agit du douzième point d’échange que la commission contribue à mettre sur pied sur le continent. D’autres points d’échange Internet  ont été mis en place au Bénin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Gabon, Gambie, Liberia, Namibie, […]

Cet article L’UA fait installer un douzième point d’échange internet sur le continent est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Gabon : Airtel et Axa s’associent        

Airtel Gabon et AXA viennent de signer un partenariat pour le règlement des frais d’assurance par Mobile Money. Désormais, les assurés d’AXA pourront s’acquitter de leurs frais de souscription et de renouvellement de police d’assurance directement depuis leur téléphone portable. Ils pourront également recevoir leur remboursement par le même canal, indique un communiqué d’Airtel Gabon. […]

Cet article Gabon : Airtel et Axa s’associent est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Gabon : Ericsson déploiera la 4G d’Airtel        

Un accord intervenu entre le groupe télécom Indien Bharti Airtel et l’équipementier télécom Suédois Ericsson confie à ce dernier le déploiement du réseau 4G LTE  de l’opérateur dans dans le pays. Ericsson transformera les infrastructures mobiles d’accès radio d’Airtel Gabon, installera sa station de base radio multi-normes GSM / EDGE, WCDMA / HSPA, LTE  dans […]

Cet article Gabon : Ericsson déploiera la 4G d’Airtel est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Le Gabon veut lutter contre les rumeurs grâce à Stop Kongossa        

Pour lutter contre les rumeurs qui ternissent l’image du pays, la présidence gabonaise vient de lancer un site anti-rumeur. Stop kongossa de son nom,  vise à rétablir la réalité des faits face à des rumeurs qui portent atteinte à l’image du Gabon, de l’Etat Gabonais et de son Peuple, selon la description officielle. Animé par […]

Cet article Le Gabon veut lutter contre les rumeurs grâce à Stop Kongossa est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Gabon : Mactar SILLA lance ‘ Label TV ’, chaîne à vocation internationale        

Il existe encore trop peu de médias africains à vocation internationale sur le continent, et peu de marques dépassent les frontières du continent. Le Sénégalais Mactar Silla, personnalité du monde médiatique africain, a décidé de relever le défi: il a choisi Libreville au Gabon pour lancer une chaîne de télévision et une station de radio […]

Cet article Gabon : Mactar SILLA lance ‘ Label TV ’, chaîne à vocation internationale est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Gabon Telecom reconnait la place du data dans son développement        

Le directeur général de Gabon Telecom, Abderrahim Koumaa estime que l’Internet est l’avenir de la téléphonie mobile. Conscient de cette réalité,  la société a multiplié par 20 sa capacité de connexion à l’international. La SAT 3 est passé  à 12 giga et l’opérateur  envisage l’élever  à 40 ou 100 giga pour permettre une meilleure fluidité. […]

Cet article Gabon Telecom reconnait la place du data dans son développement est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


          Are They Poor?        


It's the most common question I'm getting asked by my friends and coworkers about Cuba now that I've returned. Take a look at the picture of a Havana market and the video of a typical busy street on the outskirts of Havana and decide for yourself if Cuba looks like a poverty-ridden country.

My answer is always somewhere along these lines: they have a lower standard of living and make do with less than the average American is used to. But then I always say, "BUT."

BUT I saw no sign, anywhere, in neighborhoods shabby and spiffy, areas rural and urban, of anyone who had "fallen through the cracks." No homeless people sleeping on cardboard boxes like Market Street in San Diego. No mentally ill being dumped on Skid Row by uncaring hospital workers like Los Angeles. No dirty-faced hungry toddlers peddling Chiclets to passersby like Tijuana. No walls being built to keep slum-dwellers away from the well-to-do like Rio de Janeiro. No heartless teens beating a sleeping vagabond to death like Fort Lauderdale.

There were also no homeless shelters or circus tents devoted to the homeless -- because there were no homeless.

So, while communism in Cuba is kind of a drag to live under in some ways, from what I saw it has effectively eliminated some of the things about capitalism that are a total drag.


          Album Review: Blues Traveler - Blow Up The Moon        

Blues Traveler's career has been one that can easily be divided into two halves. Starting out, they were a through-and-through rock band that managed to score critical and chart success. They did what they did, and scored a multi-platinum album and hit singles. After that, their career took a turn, and they fell back into the underground, despite trying to recapture that chart success. It's a bit ironic, but the Blues Traveler that didn't care about being popular scored massive success, and the Blues Traveler that tried to write hits fell off the radar.

That second act has been a sketchy hit-and-miss affair, which I say as someone who's first ever CD was “Four”. “Truth Be Told” gave me every indication that Blues Traveler could become a pop band, because it was a fantastic turn on the band's traditional sound, feeling contemporary and mainstream while still sounding like themselves, and bringing the songs. The albums since then have been less successful, whether the too-rock-for-its-own-good “Bastardos!”, the puzzling experiment I still don't understand of “North Hollywood Shootout” (which looked even worse when John Popper And The Duskray Troubadors came out and did what that album aimed to ten times better), or the pop pandering of “Suzie Cracks The Whip”, which was the best of that bunch because it was an honest reflection of their aims, in addition to being a strong set of songs.

This time out, we have what is being billed as a 'collaborative album', where every track features either a guest singer or a co-writer. While that can be refreshing for a band that's been at it for twenty-five years, it's a scary proposition for long-time fans, such as myself. So does the experiment work?

The answer to that question is difficult to consider as a whole, and varies wildly from song to song.

First, let's talk about what works. John Popper and company have been at this a long time, so they know their way around a song. With only one exception, you know when you pick up a Blues Traveler album that you're going to get at least a few earworms. That is the case here, as even though the focus has titled explicitly towards modern pop, Popper's ear for melody is strong enough that at least half the songs here feature sticky hooks. Starting with the opening “Hurricane”, there are some beautiful examples of pop songcraft on display here. “Hurricane” is the first winner, but it's hardly alone. “Nikkia's Prom” and “Matador” (which I swear would be a hit if released to country radio) in the middle of the album are riotously catchy, “Jackie's Baby” is a candy-coated gem, and Jewel's vocals lift “Hearts Are Still Awake” into high territory. Combine all of those with two fun-loving songs co-written with Bowling For Soup, and you have the foundation of a great record.

But let's talk about what doesn't work. “Vagabond Blues” is a reggae/hip hop take on a Blues Traveler song, but it's not the rapped verses that are the problem. The song lacks a strong chorus, and just feels underwritten. But more than anything, the problem with the record is that it doesn't feel at all like a Blues Traveler album. The number of guest vocalists, their prominence in the songs, and the fact that they are often given the first line to sing, all make this feel like something weird. Much of the production is modern pop sheen, leaving the songs sounding faceless when compared to what Blues Traveler should be. Often, the instrumentals don't sound at all like they're being played by the members of the band as we have come to know them. Plus, despite it's intent to be funny, “I Know Right” is a cheap series of jokes that don't land at all. I actually feel a bit insulted hearing “LMFAO” "and totes amazeballs" used as a lyric, outside of Weird Al's genius.

When we weigh the scales, the good certainly outweighs the bad. By and large, these are really good takes on what has come to be the modern guitar-pop sound. Compared to the bland garbage of bands like Bleachers, “Blow Up The Moon” is a refreshing counterweight to pop music that has forgotten to be pop. But as a Blues Traveler album, I can't help but be disappointed, because there isn't enough Blues Traveler here. I know they want to do new things and not get stuck in a run, and that's fine, but listeners buy these albums to hear the band they love. What I heard on “Blow Up The Moon” is a very good pop album, but with this many co-writers and guest singers, I'm not sure what I heard was actually a Blues Traveler album.

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          Comic Plunder Podcast Episode 11        

Comic Plunder is back with another action-packed episode! Seth is finally back from his work trip and wastes no time criticizing everything! Josh tells you (again) why you need to be reading everything that Donny Cates and Jeff Lemire create! Lucas talks about Secret Empire and his new love for Vagabond! The guys also spend some time on the Transformers films and Josh gets hot under the collar! Don't miss this episode! Check out these great books! Secret Empire #2 - Nick Spencer (W), Andrea Sorrentino (A) Royal City #3 - Jeff Lemire (W/A) God Country #5 - Donny Cates […]

The post Comic Plunder Podcast Episode 11 appeared first on Comic Plunder.


          Greene inspired Night Stand #7: Ebony - how do I tool it?        

I bought five pieces of gabon ebony from e-bay. It arrived today. I
have never worked with ebony before and I have a couple of questions.

I intend to cut the pieces with the band saw. I this the best way to
size it?

I have Darrels book. I am making some ebony splines for a table. Will
the ebony machine well with a router? I am worried that it might
splinter or shatter.

The ebony is coated with what appears to be wax. Is this common?

Any tips are welcome. I want to start miling it this weekend.


          Scrapbook 2012        
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Think about the year that has passed. All the memories, the entries and posts that made the year special. Think about all your past layouts, default icons, mood themes. How about all those conversations you had via comments, or the huge post in ONTD that you spent all night commenting on. The 2012 Scrapbook Post is a way to help you remember all of that, in a single post.




✿ Layouts

Blue Swirls by daemon




✿ Mood Themes

• Doctor Who animated mood by calicons
• Donna Noble animated mood by wickedgrdn




✿ Default Icons

Photobucket by suzyx
Photobucketby welshgirl15





✿ Desktops

Photobucket
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Photobucket not mine
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Photobucket not mine




✿ University

Physics of Magnetosphere 1: 30
Classical Electrodynamics: 30
Physics of Matter: (24 - 17 raised later- 19) 28
Nuclear&Subnuclear physics: (B (aka 21 raised to 24) - B (???)) 28
Astrophysics: 30+
Physics of Atmosphere and oceans: 28




✿ Conservatory

Canto (Conferma): 8/10




✿ Events

• Lunch @ home with family & Paolo. Cards&Bingo @ Zio Giovanni's (1/01/2012)
• To the eye doctor (2/01/2012)
• Space&Co Lab dinner&SPQRisiko @ Chiaretta's with Chiara, Alfredo, Alessia, Andrea, Mirko, Nausica, Fabio (12/01/2012) ♥
• Elena is born (24/01/2012)
• The day when it has been announced Matt Bomer will be in a Glee episode in April - two fandoms collide/I start loving Glee all over again (27/01/2012)
• The biggest snowfall ever (3/02/2012)
• Closed university (6-8/02/2012)
Whitney Houston leaves us (11/02/2012)
• Romina's graduation (22/02/2012)
• Opening a bank account (24/02/2012)
• First day wearing red bold lips! (and contacts with suglasses O.O) (3/03/2012)
• @Roma per il concorso alla Banca d'Italia (14/03/2012)
• Watching Notre-Dame de Paris with Irene @Rome (Granteatro) (17/03/2012)
• Dinner with Ottavio, Vale, Giuliani, Fede & Zufi (31/03/2012)
• Emptying our earthquake-d house (6-10/04/2012)
• EPSO Admission Test(19/04/2012)
• The Slut and The Fool(too many days/03-04/2012)
• Worst day ever (3/05/2012)
• I am the only one writing as I should <3 - one of the best revenge ever LOL (9/05/2012)
• A red bitch (21/05/2012)
• Singing exam (22/05/2012)
• Blecil or Celar <3 (22/05/2012)
• X-Factor 6 Casting in Rome (26/05/2012)
• Dinner with Ottavio, Vale, Fede, Cch to celebrate my birthday (23/04/2012)
• Lunch for Uncle Felix 50th birthday (24/06/2012)
• Dinner with Ottavio, Vale, Fede, Stefania, G, Cch, Jessica to celebrate Vale's bday (6/07/2012)
• Starting my very own community (randombeauty123)(22/07/2012)
• Olympics - London 2012 (27-/07/2012)
• Grandpa 80th Birthday - Dinner @ La Radice whit the whole family (4/08/2012)
• Taylor Swift webchat announcing her new album RED coming out October 22nd (13/08/2012)
• Winning the critic's award at Rocca di Mezzo singing Notturno (22/08/2012)
• Emma's concert with Richie (24/08/2012)
• Symphonic Orchestra movies music concert (26/08/2012)
• XFactor concert with Fede, Ottavio&Svale, with Nicole Tuzii, Davide Papasidero, Claudio Cera, Valerio De Rosa, Caffè Margot (27/08/2012)
• Musical singing contest + dinner at G's place with Svale&Otto, Ruggi, Angelo & G (1/09/2012)
• Music&lyrics minus the bridge for my very first "complete" song (4/09/2012)
• My phone falls for the first time (5/09/2012)
• Moving the community to Wordpress (randombeautythings.wordpress.com/) (7/09/2012)
• Signing up to the Gym (11/09/2012)
• Buying the first Revlon Lip Butter (11/09/2012)
• Dinner @ Patatina with 8&friends (20/10/2012)
• The fourth album "Red" by Taylor Swift comes out (22/10/2012)
• My PC dies (no hard disk found) & comes back to live two days after (24/10/2012)
• The Dou Dou Fizz concert @ The Irish Shaman's Pub with Marta&Paolo&Stefano (27/10/2012)
• The first cold after years (2-8/11/2012)
• First guitar written song (5-25/11/2012)
• The first snow of the season (5/12/2012)
• Nunzia & Ruggi's bday @ Il Boschetto (7/12/2012)
• First tea time (14/12/2012)
• H&M opening!!! (14/12/2012)
• Instagram account, finally!!! (15/10/2012)
• Christmas Eve dinner at Grandma Anna's (24/12/2012)
• Christmas lunch at Aunt Ginevra's (25/12/2012)
• New Year's Eve Dinner @ home with Mom, Dad, Granma Anna and Grandpa Sabatino, then celebrating the 2013 at Ottavio's (31/12/2012)




✿ Quotes

• "Strange, isn't it? Each man's life touches so many other lives. When he isn't around he leaves an awful hole, doesn't he? " (Clarence from "It's a wonderful life")
• "Dear George, remember no man is a failure who has friends." (Clarence from "It's a wonderful life)
• "If you want a happy ending..it depends on where you stop the story" (Neal Caffrey from White Collar)
• "Two people with a common goal can do many things. Two people with a common enemy can do even more." (Rumpelstiltskin from Once Upon a Time)
• "Love makes us sick. Haunts our dreams. Destroys our days. Love has killed more than any disease." (Rumpelstiltskin from Once Upon a Time)
• "Two wrongs can never make a right because two wrongs can never equal each other." (Emily Thorne from Revenge)
• "Like life revenge can be a messy business, and both would be so much simpler. If only our heads could figure out which way our hearts will go. But the heart has its reasons of which reason cannot know." (Emily Thorne from Revenge)
• "You know I haven't been this disappointed since Phantom Menace." (Nolan Ross from Revenge)
• "It isn't really our choices that distinguish who we are. It's our commitment to them." (Emily Thorne from Revenge)
• "God, I wish my life was a movie sometimes. You know, I'd never have to worry about my hair, or having to go to the bathroom. And then when I'm at my lowest point, some guy would chase me down the street, pour his heart out and we'd kiss. Happily ever after" (Jamie from Friends with Benefits)
• "I suffer from Girlnextdooritis, where the guy is friend with you, and that' it." (Taylor Swift)
• "True love's kiss will break any curse." (from Once Upon a Time)
• "First love is such a sweet despair, Colin" (from My Week with Marilyn)
• "I’m intimidated by the fear of being average." (Taylor Swift)
• "Life isn't how to survive the storm, it's about how to dance in the rain." (Taylor Swift)
• "Throughout all of the changes that have happened in my life, one of the priorities I’ve had is to never change the way I write songs and the reasons I write songs. I write songs to help me understand life a little more. I write songs to get past things that cause me pain. And I write songs because sometimes life makes more sense to me when it’s being sung in a chorus, and when I can write it in a verse" (Taylor Swift)
• "One day, you’re 17 and you’re planning for someday. And then quietly, without you ever really noticing, someday is today. And then someday is yesterday. And this is your life." (from One Tree Hill)
• "But hold on to what you believe in the light, when the darkness has robbed you of all your sight" (Mumford & Sons)
• "The saddest thing for a girl to do is dumb herself down for a guy." (Emma Watson)
• "You can’t change your situation. The only thing that you can change is how you choose to deal with it." (Katherine from the movie 50/50)
• "He's the melody and she's background noise" ("Bad for Me" by Megan&Liz)
• " I’d rather be too something than not enough something." (Taylor Swift)
• "And there’s something to be learned from waiting all day for a train that’s never coming." (Taylor Swift)
• "We end up dreaming instead of sleeping" (Taylor Swift's "22")




✿ Songs loved

• "Gethsemane (I only want to say)" - Jesus Christ from Jesus Christ Superstar
• "Terrible love" - Birdy
• "I should go" - Levi Kreis
• "Breathe Again" - Sara Berelleis
• "If I fell" - The Beatles
• "A Maggio Cambio" - Virginio
• "Skinny Love" - Birdy
• "Look at me" - Carrie Underwood
• "Iris" - Goo Goo Dolls
• "Why you wanna" - Jana Kramer
• "Paris Oh lala" - Grace Potter
• "Safe & Sound" - Taylor Swift ft. The Civil Wars
• "Somebody that I used to know" - Gotye
• "Second hand white baby grand" - from Smash OST
• "Let me be your star" - from Smash OST
• "Never give all the heart" - from Smash OST
• "Songs like this" - Carrie Underwood
• "It happens" - Sugarland
• "Over you by now" - Jana Kramer
• "Impatient Girl" - Kate Voegele
• "Candy" - Paolo Nutini
• "After the storm" - Mumford&Sons
• "What makes you beautiful" - One Direction
• "A room with a view" - Ben Barnes
• "We are never ever getting back together" - Taylor Swift
• "Ronan" - Taylor Swift
• "All too well" - Taylor Swift
• "Wanted" - Hunter Hayes
• "Stars" - Grace Potter & The Nocturnals
• "Kiss You" - One Direction
• "Love Makes Me" - Hunter Hayes
• "Over You" - Miranda Lambert (Cassadee Pope's cover)
• "I knew you were trouble" - Taylor Swift
• "Blank Page" - Christina Aguilera
• "Hello" - Lione Richie (Glee cover)




✿ Movies seen

Crazy, stupid, love. | 8/10 (ENG)
Vampires Suck | ???/10 (ENG)
It's a wonderful life | 9/10 (ENG)
Bambi | 8/10 (ENG)
Puss in Boots | 7/10 (ENG)
In Time | 8/10 (ENG)
Restless | 9.5/10 (ENG)
Like Crazy | 3/10 (ENG)
Melancholia | 8/10 (ENG)
Water for Elephants | 9/10 (ENG)
Friends with Benefits | 8.5/10 (ENG)
Little Miss Sunshine | 9/10 (ENG)
The Good Guy | 8/10 (ENG)
Valentine's Day - Appuntamento con l'amore | 8/10
Rapunzel | 8/10
The Help | 9.5/10 (ENG)
Waiting for forever | 7.5/10 (ENG)
The Descendants | 7.5/10 (ENG)
Hugo | 8/10 (ENG)
A Princess for Christmas | 7/10 (ENG)
My Week with Marilyn | 8.5/10 (ENG)
J. Edgar | 8.5/10 (ENG)
Breaking Dawn (part 1) | 4.5/10 (ENG)
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind | 7.5/10 (ENG)
Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close | 9.5/10 (ENG)
Sixteen Candles | 7/10 (ENG)
The Vow | 8/10 (ENG)
One for the money | 5/10 (ENG)
New Year's Eve | 8/10 (ENG)
This means war | 9/10 (ENG)
Mission Impossible IV - Ghost Protocol | 8.5/10 (ENG)
Mirror Mirror | 7/10 (ENG)
Iron Man | 7/10 (ENG)
Cattivissimo Me | 9/10
Romeo + Juliet | 8.5/10 (ENG)
Killing Bono | 9/10 (ENG)
Killers | 7/10
Sherlock Holmes - A Game of Shadows | 5/10 (ENG)
Bridesmaids | 7.5/10 (ENG)
Heathers | 8/10 (ENG)
The Tourist | 7/10 (ENG)
The Hunger Games | 7.5/10 (ENG)
50/50 | 9/10 (ENG)
The Lorax | 8/10 (ENG)
Uptown Girls | 8/10 (ENG)
John Tucker must die | 7/10 (ENG)
The Lucky One | 7/10 (ENG)
Happy Feet 2 | 8/10 (ENG)
Madagascar 2 | 7/10
She's all that | 6.5/10 (ENG)
Miss FBI | 9/10
Snowhite & the Huntsman | 7/10 (ENG)
When Harry Met Sally | 8/10 (ENG)
Wanderlust | 6/10 (ENG)
Ice Age 4 | 6/10 (ENG)
Ice Age 3 | 8/10
Jersey Girl | 9/10 (ENG)
The Amazing Spider-Man | 8/10 (ENG)
Dead Pets Society | 9/10 (ENG)
Sparkle | 7/10 (ENG)
Brave | 7/10 (ENG)
Lo Hobbit | 9/10 *
Moulin Rouge! | 10/10 (ENG)
Magic Mike | 6 (but a 10/10 for the strippers)/10 (ENG)

*at the cinema




✿ TV Shows

The Big Bang Theory (Season 5 | Season 6)
Glee (Season 3 | Season 4)
Friends (Season 6 | Season 7)
Supernatural (Season 7 | Season 8)
One Tree Hill (Season 9)
Make it or Break it (Season 3)
The Vampire Diaries (Season 3 | Season 4)
C.S.I.: NY (Season 7 | Season 8)
Gossip Girl (Season 5 | Season 6)
White Collar (Season 3 | Season 4)
Gilmore Girls (Season 1 | Season 2 | Season 3 | Season 4 | Season 5)
New Girl (Season 1 | Season 2)
Revenge (Season 1 | Season 2)
Once Upon a Time (Season 1 | Season 2)
Merlin (Season 4 | Season 5)
Wizards of Waverly Place (Season 1)
Desperate Housewives (Season 7)
Sherlock Holmes (Season 1 | Season 2)
House MD (Season 8)
Smash (Season 1)
Grey's Anatomy (Season 7 | Season 8)
Bunheads (Season 1)
Suits (Season 2)
Doctor Who (Season 7)
C.S.I.: Miami (Season 10)
Dating Rules from my Future Self (Season 1 | Season 2)
Italia's Got Talent (3rd edition)
Amici (10th edition)
X-Factor IT (5th edtion | 6th edition)
The Voice (Season 2 | Season 3)
Grammy Awards (54th edition)
Grammy Awards (52nd edition)
Academy Awards (84th edition) Red Carpet and Main Show
MTV Movie Awards 2012
Christina Aguilera's Back to Basics Live (2008)
Christina Aguilera Stripped Tour @ London (2004)
Teen Choice Awards 2012
The X-Factor US (Season 2)
Colorado Cafè
Ti Lascio una Canzone
46th Annual CMAs (2012)
40th American Music Awards (AMAs) (2012)




✿ Best Episodes

The Big Bang Theory 5x13 "The Recombination Hypothesis"
Once Upon a Time 1x10 "7:15 AM"
White Collar 3x12 "Upper West Side Story"
The Big Bang Theory 5x16 "The Vacation Solution"
The Big Bang Theory 5x18 "The Werewolf Transformation"
Friends 7x04 "The One with Rachel's Assistant"
Friends 7x12 "The One Where They're Up All Night"
The Big Bang Theory 5x19 "The Weekend Vortex"
Gilmore Girls 2x05 "Nick & Nora, Sid & Nancy"
Once Upon a Time 1x17 "Hat Trick"
New Girl 1x18 "Fancyman (Part 2)"
Sherlock 2x01 "A Scandal in Belgravia"
Make it or Break it 3x03 "Time is of the Essence"
Revenge 1x18 "Justice"
Doctor Who Confidential 5x11 "Extra Time"
Glee 3x17 "Dance with somebody"
Supernatural 7x20 "The Girl with the Dungeons and Dragons Tattoo"
Gilmore Girls 3x16 "The Big One"
Bunheads 1x05 "Money for Nothing"
Doctor Who "Time & Space"
White Collar 4x05 "Honor among thieves"
Doctor Who 7x02 "Dinosaurs on a Spaceship"
The Big Bang Theory 6x03 "The Higgs Boson Observation"
The Big Bang Theory 6x08 "The 43 Peculiarity"
Gilmore Girls 4x17 "Girls in Bikinis, Boys Doin' the Twist"
The Big Bang Theory 6x09 "The Parking Lot Escalation"




✿ Ships

White Collar | Peter/Elizabeth
One Tree Hill | Brooke/Julian
One Tree Hill | Haley/Nathan
Make it or Break it | Payson/Sasha
The Big Bang Theory | Penny-Amy-Bernardette
The Big Bang Theory | Bernardette/Howard
One Tree Hill | Alex/Chase
White Collar | Neal-Peter
Doctor Who | Whoever travels with him/Doctor
Gilmore Girls | Lorelai/Luke
RL | Karen Gillan/Matt Smith
Revenge | Emily-Nolan
XF5 | Jessica/Morgan
Once Upon a Time | Mary Margaret/David
The Voice 2 | Adam/Blake
Game of Thrones | Renly Baratheon/Sir Loras Tyrell
Suits | Mike-His Grandma
Suits | Harvey/Donna
YouTube | Carrie Fletcher/Alex Day




✿ Random Crushes

• Sir Leon the Great | Merlin
• Nolan Ross | Revenge
• Matt Bomer
• Amy Farrah Fowler | The big bang theory
• Neal Caffrey | White Collar
• Snow White/Mary Margaret | Once Upon a Time
• Tag | Friends
• Blake Shelton | The Voice
• Ben Barnes
• Taylor Swift
• Kaley Cuoco
• Katharine McPhee
• RaeLynn | The Voice
• Juliet Simms | The Voice
• Gabriel Mann
• Jana Kramer
Lilian Masie
• Mike Ross| Suits
• Karen Gillan
• Matteo Becucci
• Louis Litt | Suits
• Joseph Gordon-Levitt
• Lorelai Gilmore | Gilmore Girls
• My guitar
• Captain Hook | Once Upon a Time
• Thorin Oakshield | The Hobbit
• Kili & Fili | The Hobbit
• Aidan Turner
HelloKatyxo




✿ Fashion loved

Jackets
Tops
Bottoms
Accessories
Dresses
Shoes
Bags





✿ Shopping

• 32 mm curling Iron by Imetec
• Kiko lipgloss/lipstick in Red
• Deborah roll-on eyeshadow in Rose
• Essence makeup revomer
• Nail patch by Essence
• Nail polish pen by Essence in Black
Red lip pencil by Kiko
Reddish lipstick by Kiko
Bloom Blush 02 by Kiko
Nail polish 389 by Kiko
Nail polish 359 by Kiko
• Nail Polish by Pupa (for free)
• Brown mascara by Kiko
Nail file by Sephora
• Hair clips by Sephora
Dry Shampoo by Lush
Color Tatoo gel-cream eyeshadow by Maybelinne in Permanent Taupe
Caresse Lipstick by L'Oreal in 06 Aphrodite Scarlet
Stick eyeshadow by Deborah in 10
Stick eyeshadow by Deborah in 03
T-shirts by Terranova
Shirt by Terranova
Coral shirt by Terranova
Tank top with bows by Terranova
Flower scarf by Terranova
Nail polish by Kiko (#275)
Nail Polish by Kiko (#297)
Ultra Glossy Stilo lipstick by Kiko (#820)
Ultra Glossy Stilo lipstick by Kiko (#804)
Definition waterproof eyeliner (#08)
Maybelline watershine lipstick (123 in Pink Opulence)
• Yellow Pupa Nail polish
Essence Stampy set
Essence Stampy Black Nail Polish
Essence Brown Brows Pencil
Essence White Kajal
Essence Stampy Designs
Pupa Glossy Lips (09)
Super Colour Lipgloss in 03 by Kiko
Super Colour Eyeliner in 105 by Kiko
Medium Bent Nail Brush by Kiko (402)
Shaka nail polish (302)
My Skin Soft Clensing Gel by Essence
Pure Skin Anti-spot 4in1 Cream Wash by Essence
Pure Skin Anti-spot Moisturizer by Essence
Pure Skin Purifying Nose strips by Essence
Pure Skin Purifying Face strips by Essence
Volumizing lash powder by Essence
Lash & Brow gel mascara by Essence
T-shirt by Terranova (man)
Sweatpants by Terranova
Tank Top (Disney) by Terranova
Tank Top by Terranova
Gym Sweather by Terranova
Black Clutch by Terranova
Necklace
Polka dots Foulard
Gym Shoes by Asics
• Sport Bra by Decathlon
• Black bra by Intimissimi
• Face wash brugh by Kiko
• Hydra Body + body cream by Kiko
Snoopy sweater by OVS
Polka dots shirt by Baby Angel
Tank top with lace details by OVS
Black&Gray dress by Combipel
Black dress by Combipel
• Imation portable hard drive (500GB)
Unlimited lipgloss by Kiko (#11)
Building base mascara by Kiko
Gray clutch by Carpisa
Gray wallet by Carpisa
Taupe tote bag by Carpisa
Tangerine sweater by Terranova
White sweater by Terranova
Revlon Lip butter in Sugar Frosting 005
Maybelline Dream Fresh BB cream
Pucca Mobile Case
Brown sweater by OVS
Black Cardigan by Combipel
Plaid gray shorts by OVS
Black Jacket
Trousers by Monella Vagabonda
Kate Moss Lipstick in #22
Maybelline Color Tattoo in Pink Gold
Bioderma Sensibio H2O Solution Micellaire
Cetaphil face cleanser
Aloe Vera face moisturizer by Equilibra
Liquid Blush by Be Chic
Glitter Nail Polish by Pupa Milano (#817)
Black jeans by Terranova
Gray Beanie by Terranova
Black pencil skirt by Terranova
• Green jeans by Terranova
• PJ by Terranova
Lace beige turtleneck
Black long sweather by Paquita
White sweater by H&M
Burgondy sweather by H&M
H&M Socks
H&M Lipstick in Darling Pink
H&M Mirror&Hairbrush




✿ Presents

Wall-E by my sis
Pressed eyeshadow in Unicorno by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Pressed eyeshadow in Limelight by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Pressed eyeshadow in Peaches&Cream by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Pressed eyeshadow in Bonbon by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Pressed blush in Emoticons by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
Set of 4 mineral foundation by Neve Cosmetics as a Christmas gift by my sis
• Samsung Galaxy S 8GB (MP3) + sholarship by Thales Alenia Space
• Various money as Christmas present
Clinique Chubby Sticks by mom, dad & sis as Christmas present
Chanel lipstick (#95 Enjouèe) + 2 Chanel samples by mom and dad as Christmas present
Pupa palette by Aunt Ginevra as Christmas present




✿ Links

What the fuck is 50 shades of grey - Alex Day (video)
10 Mood Lifters (list)
Narnia 2 Bloopers (video)
Enter the Prince: Introducing Prince Caspian (video)
The Big Bang Theory season 4 Bloopers (video)
Bunny sleeping in a hand (video)
Taylor Swift @ Good Morning America, October 22nd (video)
Taylor Swift on boys she dated (video)
Taylor Swift comments "Love Story" video (video)
Taylor Swift comments "You Belong With Me" video (video)
Amanda from The Voice singing "Dream On" (My jaw dropped during her performance)(video)
Hayden Panettiere & TSwift's guitar (video)
Andrew Garfield&The beard on The Ellen Show (video)
Andrew Garfield dancing on The Ellen Show (video)
Taylor Swift & Zac Efron on The Ellen Show (video)
Failing Cats (video)
How Quickly Can You Name The Dwarves? (video)
Fifth Harmony "Anything Could Happen" (video)
The Hobbit's Naughty Dwarf Calendar?! (video)
Steve Pavlina's Blog (link)




✿ Song sung

• "On my own" - Eponine from Les Mis
• "Notturno" - Mia Martini




✿ Covers

"Teardrops on my guitar" - Taylor Swift (guitar&voice)
"Time is running out" - Muse
"Skinny Love" - Birdy
"Safe&Sound" - Taylor Swift & The Civil Wars
"Notturno" - Mia Martini
"On My Own" - from Les Mis



          Systemization        
After making an unsystematic first and systematic reading later, trilogy of novels by Samuel Beckett Molloy, Malone dies and the Unnamable (Gove Press. New York, 1955, 1956, 1958) and the novel by Jose Donoso the obscene bird of night (Seix Barral, Spain, 1970), this reader concluded that the significant core of both productions was that of identity as a problem. But despite present versions of the self in emergency, basic conception of identity - perhaps implied - it was opposite in both authors. For example, it is difficult to stop thinking about dopey/Humberto Penaloza in Donoso's novel, in their endless search for identity if we listen to the Innombrable, in the novel by the Irish author and that closes the trilogy of novels previously mentioned cycle. I'm not, no need to say it, Murphy, or Watts, or Mercier, I can not even encourage me to name them, nor to any of the others of same names I forgot, they told me that I was them, that should trying to be them, by compulsion or fear, or to prevent recognize me (The Unnamable, in Three Novels by Samuel Beckett, Grove Press, New York, 1965, p. 326.) Translation mine). To this uncertain individuality will correspond a kind of marginal character in social physical plane: Molloy et Malone meurt ces deux derniers roimans jeu mettent les themes, chers l auteur of the dereliction of the solitude et de egarement., says Dominique Leduc in Samuel Beckett, Hatier, Brussels, 1986, page 12 characters from Beckett from More Pricks than Kicks (1934) and Murphy (1934) to How it is (1961)they correspond, if we want to use a trial of Impressionist, vagabonds, grosella, clochards, physically reduced to a minimum and mentally claudicantes, whose main activity is the permanent and incessant discourse, speculation, the inventory of their possessions...
          Isaac Julien: Vagabondia        
Isaac Julien discusses his work, from Vagabondia to his new exhibition PLAYTIME at Victoria Miro, together with Dr. Sarah Thornton, author of Seven Days in the Art World.
          Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel        
Vagabonding: An Uncommon Guide to the Art of Long-Term World Travel
author: Rolf Potts
name: Jeff
average rating: 3.92
book published: 2002
rating: 1
read at: 2017/06/10
date added: 2017/06/10
shelves: audio-collection, abandoned, read-in-2017, probably-never-read-again
review:


          Morgendrømmestund         
Åh, du herlige morgenstund. Huset fylles med duften av nykvernet kaffe.. Det blir i allefall en, kanskje to kaffekopper, før frokosten stÃ¥r pÃ¥ bordet. God tid. Skal ikke noe pÃ¥ en stund, jeg har fri hele dagen. Finner et uÃ¥pnet Vagabond, og blar forventningsfullt og eventyrlystent, ikke minst drømmende, gjennom sider opp og sider ned med spennende reiseopplevelser:-) Dit vil jeg, Ã¥h herregud dit vil jeg kanskje enda mer. Drømmene gÃ¥r pÃ¥ selve opplevelsene, men ogsÃ¥ det Ã¥ kanskje en dag selv formidle fra ulike reisemÃ¥l- og gi andre drømmer til morgenkaffen:-)
Oooops, flere tanker blander seg inn. Skal jeg kanskje hive meg pÃ¥ det prosjektet pÃ¥ loftet, hva trenger jeg for Ã¥ komme i gang. Skal jeg fÃ¥ bestilt den tapeten i dag? Kanskje hvis jeg gjør sÃ¥nn og sÃ¥nn..?
Hmm, tror jeg uansett starter med en kaffekopp til....Jeg kjenner at dette er en morgenstund helt etter min smak, og jeg har dagen for meg:-)

Flere morgenøyeblikk, som er NIBs ekstrautfordring i februar, finner du her.

 
- men først en kaffe og avis
i morgenstundens stille bris
Per Larsen

          Comment on Tarifa, Kitesurf Mecca by Malaga, ciudad genial! - Milk & Sugar        
[…] up paddle around the rocks and waterfalls. For Kitesurf: Los Alamos, Los Monteros, Benalgabon and Tarifa are just 150 km away! For paddle surf, you can find good small waves in Torremolinos, Puerto […]
          The Killer of Little Shepherds: A True Crime Story and the Birth of Forensic Science        
The Killer of Little Shepherds: A True Crime Story and the Birth of Forensic Science
author: Douglas Starr
name: Lori
average rating: 3.82
book published: 2010
rating: 3
read at: 2011/04/25
date added: 2011/04/25
shelves: 100-books-in-2011, history, nonfiction, true-crime
review:
First of all, this book has a bit of a misleading subtitle. It purports to be “A True Crime Story and the Birth of Forensic Science” but it’s really more about forensic psychology. As is becoming a common pattern among historical true crime books, the author follows two threads, one about a criminal and the other about an investigator, until the two converge. Now, the investigator here is Alexandre Lacassagne, who is considered one of the founders of modern forensic science, but the trial detailed in the book, that of French serial killer Joseph Vacher, was not really about forensic science, nor was forensics used to convict him (he confessed, but pled insanity).

The advent of modern forensic techniques, many of which were developed by Lacassagne, did help to corner Vacher and capture him, but most of the work was done by a magistrate named Fouquet, and he tracked Vacher the old-fashioned way. The connection between this case and forensic science is pretty thin, although much is made of the difficulties of rural autopsies in late 19th century France and how Lacassagne worked to standardize the practice of medico-legal investigation and developed techniques that are still used.

None of which really impacted Vacher’s capture and trial. In fact, most of that boiled down to the then-heated (and still murky) debate about what constitutes criminal insanity, how you know someone has it, and the ethics involved in trying and executing someone who may or may not have a mental illness that excuses him from culpability.

Vacher’s crimes were indeed horrendous. Starr’s descriptions of Vacher’s vagabond life in the French countryside is vivid and interesting, as is the historical information about the development of the scientific side of things in urban centers, but the connective tissue here is pretty thin. The writing is serviceable, although some maps and illustrations would have added much to the text.

          READING COMPREHENSION        

1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.

  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE


            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?

6. Authoritarian regime


            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?

7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?


10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
                                        1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


1.HATES CRIMES

            The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.

            Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes

            The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.


  1. How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
  2. How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
  3. Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
  4. How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
  5. How many hate groups are there nationwide?
  6. What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
  7. How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
  8. Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
  9. What was the increase in hate groups last year?
  10. Who is Hillary Shelton?         

2.PILOT  ACCUSED

            Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .

            Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"

            Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.

            Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"

  1. When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
  2. How long has he been held in jail?
  3. Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
  4. What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
  5. What did he hide in 1993?
  6. Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
  7. What are the conditions of his bail?
  8. What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
  9. Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?

3.BOSNIA INJURIES

            On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .

            NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.

            In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"

             And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".

  1. How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
  2. Where were the two American soldiers inured?
  3. Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
  4. Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
  5. How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
  6. Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
  7. What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
  8. Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
  9. Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
  10. Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4. CLONE SYSTEM

            Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?

            Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid . as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .

            After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.

            A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.

  1. What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
  2. What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
  3. What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
  4. Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
  5. What is the main problem of cloning system?
  6. What does Australian scientist claim?
  7. What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
  8. For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
  9. What is the specific with mitochondria??
  10. Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?


5. ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

            On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.

            The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 

            The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.

            The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.

            The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.

            The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.

1.      When did the car stolen?
2.      What was the lost property?
3.      What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.      What was the demand of political party?
5.      What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.      What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.      How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.      En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.      What was the monitor action on the scene?
  10. what action did the local police take ?
6. Authoritarian regime

            President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.

            "We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.

            It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 

            The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.

            The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.

            The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.

             Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

  1. Which countries are called golden triangle country?
  2. Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
  3. What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
  4. Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
  5. What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
  6. Where is the international court of Justice located?
  7. why were the thousands of people jailed ?
  8. What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
  9. How many political prisoners were jailed?
     10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?
7.  GAMBLE

            November 27, 2001 Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.

            Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports. And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.

             Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.  The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.

            The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved.

1.      How may gang members arrested?
2.      What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.      Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.      How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.      How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.      What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.      What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.      What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.      What were weapons confiscated.
          10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?

8.  EBOLA

            Sunday, December 9, 2001 An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in  France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.      What did government request to Media?
2.      Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.      Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.      When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.      What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.      What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.      How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.      What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.      Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    


9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

            US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .

            There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country

            It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.  Who is Taras?
  
10. THE UNITED NATION

            The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states. After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs
1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat
        
              1. International court of justice.

            The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

            America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

            Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.






1.HATES CRIMES

The number of organized hate groups in the United States increased 20 percents last year, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center in Montgomery, Ala. Nearly 9000 hate crimes , more than half of them motivated by race, were reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation in 1996- compared to 7947 incidents in 1995 and 5932incidents in 1994. Last week, James Byrd, Jr., a 49 -year's old black man, was dragged to death in Texas by a chain from the back of a pickup truck. Recently, two black men also became the targets of possible copycat crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.
Authorities say the three men who have been charged with Byrd's murder my have ties with white supremacist groups, which have grown to over 400 organizations nationwide, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. In fact, the Ku Klux Klan has been granted permission to rally later this month in Jasper, Texas, and the town where Byrd was killed. "These groups are getting better with the public," said Joe Roy, director of the Intelligence Project of the Southern poverty Law Center."They are no longer racist but racialist, not segregationists, but separatists. They are using a lot more attractive buzz words to lead people into their organizations "of the 474 hat groups documented by the Intelligence Project, 127were related to the Ku Klux Klan 100 was neo-Nazi, 42 were Skinheads, 81were Christian Identity, a racist religion, 12 were Black separatists and 112subscribed to a mélange to hate -based doctrines and ideologies.
Tracking Hate Crimes
The FBI is investigating the Texas case as a possible that crime, defined as an offense motivated buy the dislike of a person's race, religion, sexual orientation, disability, or national origin. " This was an act of violence that had a much broader implication than just the murder of a single person " said Hillary Shelton , deputy director of the NAACP in Washington DC " A much larger message was being sent by this horrible action" Many civil right s groups attributes the rise in hate  crimes to proliferation of Internet hate sites , racist music lyrics and white power literature- propaganda tools for promoting race- hating ideology that have reached an audience of as many as 2 million people . Since1995, more than 160 hate sites are active online, according to the intelligence project. Less than three years ago, there was only one. "Technology has a lot to do with opening up new recruitment opportunities for these groups," said Roy "It's a place where young people of the computer generation can vent their frustration, exchange ideas and download information to feed their hatred.





1.    How many of the hate crimes were about racial differences?
2.    How did Mr. Byrd die in Texas?
3.    Are the men who killed Byrd connected to any groups? If so, what?
4.    How are these hate groups encouraging new people to join?
5.    How many hate groups are there nationwide?
6.    What do civil rights groups say the reason is for such a increase in hat e crimes.?
7.    How many men have been charged with Byrd's murder?
8.    Why were two black men targets of crimes in Illinois and Louisiana.?
9.    What was the increase in hate groups last year?
10.    Who is Hillary Shelton?   


2.PILOT  ACCUSED

Lotfi Raissi , an Algerian pilot who had been accused of training the suicide hijackers who crashed into the Pentagon on September 11, walked free today after being granted bail at an extradition hearing . Mr.Raissi, 27 who has been held in jail for five months, emerged from the top security Belmarsh magistrate's court complex in south -east London to applause from his family and friends. Minutes earlier, district judge Timothy Workman said Mr.Raissi, who lives near Heathrow airport. Could have conditional bail as he was only facing extradition to the US on two counts of falsifying as application for a US pilot's license. At previous court hearings in London, lawyers acting for the US authorities indicated he was suspected of being a lead instructor for pilots responsible for the September 11 hijackings. And US prosecutor have in the past made clear that the pilot's license accusations were only holding charges. But no terrorism charges have been formally introduced and Mr. Raissi's lawyers successfully argued today that the charges related to pilot's license applications did not justify him being held in prison. Mr. Workman said he appreciated the September 11 investigation was long and painstaking but he said he was allowing bail as the US government was unlikely to bring terrorism charges inAA the near future. Mr. Raissi's family has strenuously denied he was involved in the September 11 terror attacks in any way. Today he was told his family would have to give $10000in surety, that he would have to live at an address specified to the court , that he would have to surrender his passport and not apply for international travel documents . Mr. Raissi's French wife Sonia, speaking after the judge's decision, said that she believed justice had been done. She said " we have been waiting five months and my message to the FBI is , You arrested him for terrorism so why do you want to extradite him for these ridiculous , minor charges? .
 Lotfi's brother, Mohamed, said "The FBI said to he world that he was a big terrorist and they have to now say to the world, that his man is innocent. They have destroyed his life, his future and his dream".
 But James Lewis, representing the US government, told the court Mr.Raissi should not be granted bail. He said "we are concerned with an investigation into an atrocity that shocked the civilized world ...Mr. Raissi is a suspect in that investigation"
Hugo Keith, representing Mr. Raissi, said "The Americans now seen unwilling to withdraw from their initial position and accept on this occasion, they pursued the wrong person. He is not fundamentalist. He is married to a white Catholic" Prosecutors have alleged that Mr.Raissi had links to Hani Hanjour ,the pilot suspected of crashing Flight 77 into the Pentagon.
Mr. Raissi was arrested on September 21 and has been held at London' high -security Belmarsh prison ever since. He was indicated by a federal grand jury in Arizona on charges of falsifying applications for a pilot's license and other documents. He allegedly held a 1993 theft conviction and failed to mention that he had undergone a knee operation. He has also been indicated Arizona on 11 more counts, including conspiracy to submit a false immigration claim. A previous attempt to win him bail in the high court in London in December failed. Lawyers acting for the US alleged that there was "a web of circumstantial evidence that points to the involvement of Raissi in a terrorist conspiracy which culminate in the events of September 11" US counsel said Mr.Raissi had "links to the Al-Qsida organization" and was "someone who has both motive and means t escape"
1.    When was Mr.Raissi arrested?
2.    How long has he been held in jail?
3.    Is it confirmed that Mr.Raissi had links to the hijacker of Flight77?
4.    What nationality is Mr.Raissi's wife?
5.    What did he hide in 1993?
6.    Did he succeed in his previous attempt to win bail?
7.    What are the conditions of his bail?
8.    What nationality is Mr. Raissi and where does he live?
9.    Has he been charged with terrorism?
10.What did the US authorities accuse him of doing?



3.BOSNIA INJURIES

On Thursday in northern Bosnia, two American soldiers were wounded when a land mine exploded. One of the soldiers suffered injuries to his right foot and other was able to walk away from the blast with shrapnel wounds to his lower leg . The incident happened at about 2:30 PM 0930EST in the town of Hadizici, which is located about ten miles south east of Tuzla .
NATO issued a statement about the incident. The statement said, "two American engineers were injured by an anti-personal mine as they were conducting a joint inspection of a minefield with the Bosnian Serb Army. One soldier stepped on an anti- personnel mine, incurring injuries to one foot.
Concerns have been raised by ERRI and any number of other sources in regard to the dangers of landmines and other improvised explosive devices in Bosnia. According to UNICEF, Bosnia has one of the highest densities of landmines per square mile of any place in the world. UNICEF says that more than 1800000mines may have been laid in Bosnia during the recent years of ethnic conflict. More troublesome to NATO troops than traditional mines, which are made of metal, are mines with plastic cases or improvised mines made from wooden cases and high explosives. The wood and plastic mines are far more difficult to detect with conventional mine detectors.
In other news regarding to Bosnian peace mission, United States Navy Admiral Leighton Smith made some remarks regarding the six confirmed sniper incidents involving NATO forces since Sunday. Admiral Smith said, "We have got some jerk up there pulling a trigger and he has got a night scope. That makes it tough. But boy, let me tell you , if we do see him he had better be fast and be clad in bullet-proof stuff. Because we will attack with out  warning. There are such things as anti- sniping teams ....people who snipe at our forces are at great risk to themselves. If we see some body pointing a weapon at our forces he will be attacked with out warning.... no warning shots, no' drop your weapon"
 And true to Admiral Smith's words -- French NATO forces later killed a sniper in the suburb where most of the shooting incidents have occurred. A NATO statement said "One gunman was located by the French Special Forces and was later neutralized. This person was seriously wounded. He later died of his injuries in spite of the intervention from a military physician. Another armed civilian was also apprehended by 0ur forces. This individual was disarmed with out any bloodshed".


1.    How many confirmed sniper incidents have there been?
2.    Where were the two American soldiers inured?
3.    Did both of the soldiers walk away from the explosion?
4.    Will a warning be given to snipers who shoot at NATO forces?
5.    How many mines have been placed in Bosnia during the conflict?
6.    Does Bosnia have a large amount of mines per square mile?
7.    What happened to the sniper found by French NATO forces?
8.    Was the second civilian, who was carrying a weapon ,shot by NATO forces?
9.    Which types of mines are more difficult to detect?
10.    Was the first sniper shot dead by the French NATO forces?


4.CLONE SYSTEM

Numerous reports from around the world in Jan/ Feb 2001 of fresh attempts to clone human embryos, ranging from Clonaid saying they hope t implant embryos into surrogate mothers in February to Australian scientists saying they have managed to make a human cloned embryo by combining a empty pig egg with a human cell . Their cloned human embryo divided to 32 cells before being destroyed. In other words it seems that the empty eggs from animal contain all that is needed to activate human genes for successful human cloning. There are huge risks of abnormalities and mutations in these human cloning experiments. We know that these animal-human hybrids are likely to escape legal controls because a court of law would probably decide that this was not human cloning a legally defined .However the outcome - if born - would be a clone baby which has identical genes in the nucleus of every cell to the adult from which the original cell was taken . Interestingly , 1%of the genes in mammal cells are not in the nucleus but in the power packs providing all the electricity for cells . These power generators called mitochondriaa .So technically these human clones made from animal eggs would have 1% animal DNA . Worrying  we know that there are many serious diseases in human caused by faulty genes in the mitochondria . But that is with human mitochondria .What will be the risk of problems with animal mitochondria being used to power every cell in human cloned child that is yet to go?
Clonaid  says five British couples, including two pairs of homosexual men have asked to be cloned. Peter and lldako Blackborn , computer consultants from Huntingdon Cambrisdgeshire UK have expressed an interest in human cloning as a alternative infertility treatment but which had not say if they are in touch with Clonaid .
as the press conference called and announce of the cloning the United States government banned it to practice in the future . The US government pledged that it will harm the civilization of the human being so world should not follow the mal -practices .
After two months the Korean scientist claimed that he also get success to reproduce a clone baby and he claimed that he will use it for the couple who doesn't  have kids and deserve it .According to the scientist , he will provide who ever the couples deserve, but the donor should give his consents .
The British government strongly condemned the act of the Korean scientist and announced that the UK government does not allow the cloning to spread in the world. Cloning should be only in side the lab.  The international scientists said that it is a big step in the human civilization and should be utilized to find out the cure of all diseases in the future. it also claimed ridiculously that every couple wants Clinton and Bill Gates as their children at the same time the natural system has been disturbed by the pressure of cloning . The world need people of every sector not money maker and politicians. If so, the world will destroy very soon.
A conference has been organized by some popular scientists in the   New York and concluded with a statement that it is a extraordinary achievement for the whole world with some vital de-merits so all should stand together to utilized the said invention. The  prime responsibility rest upon the politicians who claims to be the supreme of the United Nations organization.


1.    What was the conclusion of New York press conference?
2.    What was the only vital demerit of the cloning?
3.    What was the claimed to of the Korean scientist?
4.    Why the US government did banned the cloning system?
5.    What is the main problem of cloning system?
6.    What does Australian scientist claim?
7.    What is the risk in human cloning experiments?
8.    For what reason did the scientists prefer to sue and empty pig egg and a human cell for the experiment?
9.    What is the specific with mitochondria??
10.    Why have scientists shown their interest in human cloning?
5.    ARSON IN THE VILLAGE

On Sunday morning in a hot summer day, one patrol team of CIVPOL monitor received a radio call from the CIVPOL station about an arsoning incident in a bear by village. Someone had called up and informed the station about the incident from a local public call office .The patrol team rushed to the scene of incident. As reaching the scene, they saw a red vehicle speeding away in a very high speed with at least four or five persons inside with at least one man holding something like gun. Arriving at the scene, the monitors saw tow houses burning. Some natives came towards them and informed that some armed people came to the village, set light to the two houses belonging to a local politician and fled in their red car. The situation was immediately reported the CIVPOL station and the local police authority were duly informed. Within few minutes the fleeing red vehicle as stopped at a check point and the perpetrators arrested by the local police.
The patrol team informed to the fire brigade about the arson case and the Fire brigade team form the local municipality arrived in 15 minutes to the scene and put off the fire. Some local said during the interview that the both house was belong to the local politicians called Mustafa Leader. Leader had some arguments with some rivals during the municipality meeting last Friday about the grazing of the animal in the village of Ruslan. The leader received a threat from the rival of abandon the village as soon as possible or faces the adverse consequences. The leader did not obey the threat and the incident happen. Both house entirely damaged by the arson but the fire bridge could not give the total amount of loss of the house. The CIVPOL interviewed with the house owner and revealed that two houses worth $ 10000 and two camels worth $ 1000, cash worth $99 and utensils worth $45, grains worth $ 129, have been damaged during the arson.  The monitor team assured him relief of compensation from the local authority. 
 The local police team with out aid of UN Police have arrested the red vehicle and recovered a Tomy machine gun and 354 rounds of live ammunitions form the red car. Five suspects including driver also have been arrested by the local but not disclosed in public by the local police. The local police issued a statement in the same day saying that investigation is underway and if information needed contact to regional head quarters the following day.
The National Labour Party belongs to Mustafa organized a protest rally in the town demanding the full security to the local leader and their property and take legal and strain action to perpetrators. During the demonstration supporters of the party vandalized 4 shops and injured three local security personnel.
 The local authority endorsed compensation to the Mustafa, according to the report of Fire Brigade which cost in the said head but only $ 11000.  The fire brigade did not mention the head of the loss but recommended the whole some of money.
The local police control the security situation in the town and the police released one suspect with out any legal charge and other four have been sent to the jail by the order of local magistrate on the charge of arson and possession of illegal weapon.
 The red car sent to the auction to pay the compensation of the damage property. The owner of the car complained that his car was stolen from the garage at midnight on the same day, and it is dictatorship of the local authority to auction his car with out investigating properly and he also claimed that he will sue to the local authority in the Apex court.
1.    When did the car stolen?
2.    What was the lost property?
3.    What were the ammunition found by the local police?.
4.    What was the demand of political party?
5.    What had happened during the demonstration of local political party?
6.    What message did the CIVPOL received?
7.    How was the CIVPOL station informed of the incident ?
8.    En- route to the scene, what did the patrol team saw?
9.    What was the monitor action on the scene?
10. what action did the local police take ?

    

6.    Authoritarian regime

President Abdurrahaman Wahid granted amnesty  thousands of prisoners Thursday, including some who were ailed for there political beliefs. Minister for law and legislation Yusril Ihza Mahendra said 105 political prisoners, and 3000 others who were jailed for criminals' acts, would be released. He said Wahid signed a presidential decree Thursday and the prisoners would be set free Thursday night and Friday morning.
"We are releasing the criminal prisoners because it's Christmas time and the New year",he said . He added that the release of the political prisoners' mostly separatist activists from Aceh and Irian Jaya province was part of the government's efforts to release all those who were jailed for political activity under Indonesian's former authoritarian regime. Most of the political prisoners were jailed during the32 -year dictatorship of Suharto , who was ousted from power due to a student uprising in May 1998.
It is not the self motivated move of the government but international political pressure to released the political prisoners .  There are more than 40% members of the parliament are brought from the security service to show the political honesty to the military department .  Military party called National Unity party is more powerful in Indonesia till now and it has 32 years' background. The civil leadership could not do any thing with out the military aid. So democratic government willing to follow the military advice. 
The international court of justice has declare to punish some of the criminals who were directly involved in the massacre in Indonesia during the dictatorship of Suharto regime. But it is ridiculous to digest that the than army chief who has been accused of murdering 200 prisoners of political belief, is a member of parliament now. The Amnesty International condemned the act of the government to nominate the army chief Mr. Javal as a parliamentarian and said that the government marginalized the people voice.
The International Court of Justice summoned  as per the international standard to Suharto to present his opinion in Hague whether he did the crime or not , but it went in vain because Suharto has been admitted to Jakarta Teaching   hospital due to chest and BP problem . Suharto has been accusing of accumulating large sum of money and killing 500 students during the students' uprising.
    The interim president of East Timor Mr. Gusmao also condemned the act of the government to make escort free to the war criminals and said government is deceiving the people of Indonesia. Indonesian government barked against the East-Timor saying that no one could interfere in internal matter of the country. For the information, East -Timor is a fragment of the republic of Indonesia and got independence in 1997 by the acute international political pressure and military intervention by the UN.
      Indonesian   people believe, the criminal who are released on the occasion New year will never involve in criminal activities in the future. Indonesia lies in East of the Asia bordering  China , Australia, Iran and Indian sea respectively East, West, South and North. and it is has the most dense Muslim population with mainly  Hindu religion . Indonesia was colonized by French in 1800 AD and ruled till 1936 and got independence. The military authority ousted the civil government in 1940 by military coup and rules till 1997. The country has notorious history of producing natural drugs like Heroine and Cocaine and it is also called the country of golden triangle, the main transit of drugs , including Burma ,Thailand and Laos.       

1.    Which countries are called golden triangle country?
2.    Which country is lies in the  south of Indonesia ?
3.    What is the formal accusation to Suharto?
4.    Why the democratic government does follow the military advice?
5.    What was the reply of the government to East -Timor condemnation?
6.    Where is the international court of Justice located?
7.    why were the thousands of people jailed ?
8.    What did Mr. Yusril Ihza Mahendra say?
9.    How many political prisoners were jailed?
 10. Who were the released prisoners mostly?


7.  GAMBLE

November 27, 2001
Bangkok, Thailand: Thai police said on Mondays they have arrested six Filipino gang members for allegedly luring two Japanese and three French tourists to gamble in their house and cheating them out of millions of Baht (thousands of dollars) . The gang members, three men and three women, were arrested on Sunday from a house in Bangkok where all six gang members lived, police Lieutenant General Chat Kuldilok told reporters. Lt. Gen. Kuldilik said the women pretended to be Thai house wives and invited their victims. Whom they met on the street while pedaling handicrafts, to come to their house to teach them Japanese, and to sell them handicrafts. He said the male members of the gang pretended to be millionaires from Brunei who lost huge sums to each other to avoid suspicion by the tourists, Chat said. Four of the five tourists agreed to gamble with the male gang members while the female gang members supposedly were making them fool. Once the tourists had lost all of their money to the gang members they tried to get some of their money back, but the gang members refused. The tourists were told if they told the police or any one else about losing money to them, they would be killed. All the male gang members had knives and showed them to the tourists after telling them this. The tourists left the house and notified Thai police immediately. The tourists informed the police of the gang members' house and were willing to help them in hopes of getting their money back. Upon arrest, the Thai police searched the entire house, but unfortunately the money could not be found. One of the tourists response was," I am happy, even tough we didn't get our money back , I'm just glad the gang members were found by the Thai Police . Hopefully nothing like this will happen to any tourists ever again.
Police interviewed all the detainees in the police cell and found that other two gangs also committing the same crime using same modus operandi in the capital city. Police started the vigorous checking around the suspected area and arrested  one gang with some weapons and valuables in the rented house. Police confiscate six knives and four round of live bullets including four gang members.  Later on police honestly publicized two golden rings, four golden bracelets, six wrist watches and five passports . And issued a statement saying that any one who is belongs to the valuables contact with proofs to the city police officer Mr. Rothan.
 Police registered a legal case to the first 6 members of the gang accusing looting the valuable of the tourists but the local magistrate released all saying that police did not show the proofs of looting.
 The second gang members also charged with looting the tourists and illegal possession of weapons .The magistrate send them to the jail for six months on the charge of looting but the magistrate said police should be careful accusing the civilian who has only live bullets not a pistol or revolver.
The police assured that the looting case will come down after the arrest of 2 looting gangs and vows that they will do enough to arrest who are involved in looting case. Police said that tourist should be careful with the people who were involved in prostitution. Bangkok is famous for sex tourism in East Asia.  Most of the prostitutes are brought form the Philippine in the name of house wife . In this racket the local administration and police and pimps are also involved. 
1.    How may gang members arrested?
2.    What are the valuables had been confiscated?
3.    Why the Bangkok city is famous for?
4.    How many culprits were sent to jail and how many released?
5.    How the gang member did pretend themselves?
6.    What were the nationality of the victims ?
7.    What was the tourist said after not getting his money?
8.    What did general Chat said about the accident?
9.    What were weapons confiscated.
        10. How many tourists had gambled with cheaters?


8.  EBOLA

Sunday, December 9, 2001
An outbreak of fever in the West African nation of Gabon has been confirmed as the deadly disease Ebola, the World Health Organization (WHO) said Sunday. It is world's first documented outbreak of Ebola since last year in Uganda, where 224 people - including health workers - died from the virus. Ebola is one of the most virulent viral diseases known to humankind, causing death in 50 to 90 percent of all clinically ill cases. "It's been confirmed by a laboratory in Gabon" WHO spokesman Gregory Hartl told the press. "We have reports that seven people have died" Hartl said WHO has already sent a team to help the coastal nation and that a second team of four specialists would leave Geneva for Gabon on Monday. The out break is in remote Ogooue Ivindo province in northeastern Gabon, he said. Gabon was last afflicted in an outbreak in 1996-97 that killed 45 of the 60 people infected. "We have had very little information" Hartl said. The conformation came from a laboratory in France ville, also in eastern Gabon. A team from the Gabon Ministry of Health and the International Center of Medical Research in
France Ville went to the province last week when they first received reports of that the outbreak might be Ebola, Hartl added. On Friday, Hartl said there were unconfirmed reports of a possible outbreak in nearby Congo. Ebola is passed through contact with bodily fluids, such as mucus, saliva and blood, but Ebola is not airborne. The virus incubates for four to 10 days before flu-like symptoms set in. Eventually, the virus causes severe internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea. There is no known cure for Ebola, but patients treated early for dehydration have a good chance of survival. WHO says more than 800 people have died of the disease since the virus was first case in Gabon was documented in 1994 the agency says. After the 1996-97 out break in Gabon it wasn't documented again until it appeared in Uganda last year. WHO recommends the suspected cases is isolated from other patients and that strict barrier nursing techniques be used to shield health workers from exposure. Gloves and masks must be worn and disinfected prior to reuse, the agency says. Patients who die from the disease should be promptly buried or cremated. The virus has also been transmitted to people from handling ill or dead infected chimpanzees, WHO says. Police are worried there may be widespread panic in the area because of the confirmed reports. There have been rumors of possible riots and / or break -ins. Police officials said tat when out breaks such as this occur, people become frightened and assume the worst and that is when people start to try and upraise against the police . However, no reports have been made in regards to riots and/ break -INS, but police have been told to be prepared for the worst. The Goban Government called emergency cabinet meeting and declared Ivindo province as "forbidden Province". The government begs international support and relief to get rid of the diseases.  it is requested to all media house not to make undue publicity to  the outbreak ,which can terrorize the general public and can hamper  to maintain the security situation in  the country. Gabon a Central African Republic also facing starvation, malnutrition, political instability, and draught from a long decade.  The neighboring countries Nigeria, Uganda, Ethiopia, South Africa, Kenya, Somalia are also suffering from internal conflict and could not do as requested by the Gabon.  The first world showing their interest  on the request and ready to provide the assistances or relief  but they have an eye or vested interest on the natural resources of the Gabon republic which is rich in diamond, gold , natural gas , petroleum mine .

1.    What did government request to Media?
2.    Which province was declared as "forbidden province" ?
3.    Why the neighboring countries could not assist the Republic of Gabon?
4.    When the disease was documented first in the Africa?
5.    What was the rate of death causing Ebola?
6.    What were the symptoms of Ebola?
7.    How the Ebola is transmitted to another person.
8.    What was the resource of the Ebola?
9.    Why did the first world countries showing their interest to Gabon?
10. How many medical teams are going to be assign to assist the Gabon republic.    

9. TALIBAN ARRESTED

    US forces detained seven suspected Taliban fighters yesterday outside the American military base at Kandhar airport in southern Afghanistan after it came under attack , defense officials said. They said the men were detained for questioning after patrols were sent out to investigate the attack. A small number of other people who might have been involved in the gunfight escaped, according to the officials, who asked not to be identified. No American troops were injured, they said. A Reuters television cameraman, Taras Protsyuk, said he heard heavy gunfire and a number of explosions at the Kandhar base . He said the shooting lasted about 30 minutes and was at its most intense for a period of about five minutes ." I have seen the tracers and there were some light explosions like hand grenades ", he said " Americans appeared to be firing at a point in the hills to the West Side of the air base." Operation in Afghanistan by the US military and its allies to mop up remnants of the vanquished Taliban and the AL-QUIDA network are based at Kandahar airport .
    There are about 4100 military personnel based at the airport, with the majority from the US. Mr. Protsyuk said the heaviest firing was on the airport's western perimeter, about half a mile from the terminal building. In a separate incident, an American military transport plane crashed in a remote region of the Afghanistan on Tuesday night , injuring all eight crew members but non of them critically ,US  officials said yesterday . Seven of those injured in the crash were able to walk and " non of the injuries were considered life- threatening " ,said Major Brad Lowell, a spokesman for the US central command in Florida . The cause of the crash was not known , although it did not appear to be the result of hostile fire, official said . An American soldier was killed in an accident in Afghanistan yesterday when a piece of heavy industrial equipment fell on him at Bagram air base near Kabul, the US military said . The soldier's name was  withheld pending notification of next of kin. Later on , it was revealed that the detainees were investigated thoroughly and two among seven were sent to " Kwantanamo Bey" a notorious jail used by American military  to dump terrorists. Kwantanamo Bey is in Cuba , a communist nation , ruled by Fidel Kastro , a south American country .
    It was provided to USA on lease for hundred years. Remaining among the detainees were sent to the local judicial authority and imposed to the judicial remand for six months . The American soldier killed by heavy equipment was delivered  to home with a national regards by a special US navy plane . The US had  started war against Afghanistan to abolish Taliban regime , who allegedly harboring the terrorist leader Osama bin Laden  in the country . American military could not find the Osama  till now. Osama is Saudi Arabia born billionaire and blind supporter of Muslim belief , he involved in fighting with Soviet Union  who had strong hold in Afghanistan during the second world war and  with the aid of US the Al quada successes to remove Russia from Afghanistan . Bin laden started getting physical and moral support from theUS . later on , the US  did not give his support to Osama so he and his allies attacked on US interest in South Africa killing 1000 innocent people by the suicide bombing and declared Osama a terrorist .  After the 9/11 terrorist attack on twin tower , the US has declared fight against the terrorism and  announce to hand over the Osama to the US by Afgan Government . The Taliban regime  did not obey the order saying that he was the guest of the country and  guest should not be hand over the western country . 

1. Who is Osama bin Laden?
2. What do you know about Kwantanamo Bey?
3. What had happen to arrested seven detainees?
4. Why did America attack Afghanistan?
5. where did the US transport plane crash?
6. Where is the US central command located?
7. How many US military have been killed according to the passage?
8. Where was the heaviest firing occurred?
9. Where is the Kandhar air port located?
10.    Who is Taras?

10. THE UNITED NATION

The United Nation is an international organization established to create international security and friendship among the member states.
    After the Second World War, the allied nation established the United Nation on 24 December 1945 including 51 member states. Now it has 191 member states around the globe. The head quarters of the United Nation lies in New York in the US and the branch for the Europe is lies in Switzerland.

Main objectives of the United Nations are as follows.

1. To maintain international security
2. To maintain friendship among the countries
3. To regards human rights.

It has six main organs

1. International court of justice
2. Secret General assembly
3. Security Council
4. Economic and social council
5. Trusteeship council
6. Secretariat

                                        1. International court of justice.

    The headquarters of International court of justice lies in Netherlands. The UN secretariat lies in New York. The meeting of general assembly starts on third of September and concludes on December. Security council has 15 members among them 5 are permanent members , which are America, China , Russia , French, and Germany and other 10 members are elected by the 191 members states of general assembly for the period of two years . The Economic and Social council has 54 members' states and every member has three years of working period. The headquarters of the Economic and Social council lies in Geneva.

    America, China, France, Germany, Russia the permanent members of the Security council has veto power .Chinese English, French, Russian, Spanish are the official language of the United nation,. Mr. Ban ki Mon is the Secretary General of the United Nations, a South Korea citizen.

    Nepal as a United Nation member state has sent 1241police personnel to serve the United Nation, as civil police, police monitor, police advisor and police trainers. Nepal has established two Form Police Units in Haiti and Sudan as per the request of the United Nation. wins their obedience, confidence, respect and enthusiastic co-operation in achieving common objectives.


11.  UN FAILURE IN BOSNIA

    A long -awaited report into the failure of a Dutch UN peacekeeping force to prevent the murder of thousands of Muslims in the Bosnian town of Brebrenica will be published on Wednesday. The Netherlands is bracing itself for the results of the inquiry in to the worst massacre in Europe since world War second. The
    BBC's Europe correspondent says Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for their part in event leading up to the 1995 slaughter. In July 1995, Srebrenica was being protected by 110 Dutch troops who were supposed to ensure the safety of the town's mainly Muslim population against surrounding Bosnian Serb forces. The United Nations had declared it a safe area but when it  was attacked, the town fill with out the Dutch UN troops firings shot . Up to 8000 Muslim men and boys were then murdered.

Five years of research

                  While the Dutch troops are likely to be criticized for letting the town fall without a fight , fault is also set to be found with the over all UN commander for failing to order air strikes to protect the enclave. The report is also understood to criticize the Dutch government for showing lack of political will. The 7000-pages report by the Netherlands Institute for War Documentation is the official Dutch history of events in Srebrenica. It has taken more than five years to produce. In a 1999 report, UN Secretary General Kofi Annan blamed the international community for its failure to protect the enclave but insisted that it was impossible " to say whether a more decisive action by the Dutch would have saved lives" .A report two weeks ago by the Interchurch Peace Council ( IKV) in the Netherlands condemned Dutch troops, generals and politicians for failing to evacuate and protect the Muslims.

Scenes from hell

    The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in the Hague has ruled that the massacre was genocide. Last August it sentenced Bosnian Serb General Radisav Krstic, considered a key commander in the episode, to 46 years in prison. The judge in the case said the massacre was characterized by " scenes from hell, written on the darkest pages of human history" Survivors' reports, aerial photography and grisly evidence exhumed from mass graves indicate the most victims in the massacre were summarily executed ,Dutch MPs may now call for a public inquiry. Seven military commanders of Royal Dutch army have been sentenced to seven years jail . Ten army personnel have been fired from the service and 20 have been restricted from the promotion as per the report of the criminal tribunal.   The BBC's correspondent Mr. Havel Eastward has been facilitated by the Dutch Government as a friends of mankind . After the massacre in the Srebrenica the Dutch government begs pardon with the Bosnian people and saying that her troops could not do any thing to save the life of the people and she is responsible to the accident.


1. How many Dutch troops were protecting Srebrenica?
2. What ethnic group were the people of Srebrenica?
3. Why the Dutch government begs pardon with the people of Bosnia ?
4. How many people were killed in Srebrenica?
5. How many army personnel were punished?
6. Who is criticized in the report?
7. Where is the International Criminal Tribunal based?
8. Would more positive action by the Dutch troops have saved lives?
9    What sentence was General Krstic given?
10    Who was facilitated by the Dutch government and why?


12.  SWARM ATTACK

    Six people were hospitalized after they were attacked by a swarm of bees in Singapore, a news report said on Tuesday. The bees attacked contractors who were trying to remove a beehive in the tropical city-state .Two police officers who were on the scene to keep back the public, were among those attacked and hospitalized. Police public affairs officers could not immediately be contacted to confirm the report. The incident occurred at approximately 12:30PM on Tuesday afternoon. Two of the people who were injured in the attack were still in the hospital on Tuesday night at 10:00 PM; however they were in good condition. Such incidents are rare in heavily urbanized Singapore. But two years ago , a 51 years old taxi driver died after he was stung by a swarm bees .The driver was changing his back left tire and he removed the deflated tire , a beehive was in the wheel well . Witnesses said that the swarm covered the man's face and hands and repeatedly sting him as he cried out in pain .He died later that night while being hospitalized. Singapore is a very small country covered by the see in the east of Asia and known as a well industrialized country.
    The big industry installations have many nooks and corners where the swarm bees get shelters. firstly people do not care about it because it seems harmless and small in the beginning but after  a year it  appeared in large scale and bees become escort free so they undermine their stung so they try to destroy their hives and got stung and the result  become very adverse. The same accident happened in The US in 1990 when a farmer had gone to his farmhouse to clean the room , he saw that there is a bee hive in the ceiling of the room he thought it was full of honey , unfortunately it was poisonous  swarm bee's hive.  He collected his two sons and a black servant to take the honey . In the mean time when they lit a fire to fly the bees , the swarm bees started stung them . The younger son who was in the door side escaped from the room after having a look at the victims and called the police . The house got in to the gutter by the fire and three injured had been hospitalize in the city centre . The house owner Mr. Kally died during the medical treatment and two had been discharged after 2 weeks with swollen face and bruises for the whole life.  The same accident happened in Nepal too on 23 September 2002. The Raute , who are famous for honey hunter ,had tried to collect honey from the very steep hill near Manang District. they made rope ladder to climb the hill and with the aid of fire they started collecting the honey .
    It was a documentary program filmed by Scottish Director visualized to broadcast in Britain  by BBC. Al together there were 15 men. When the honey hunter was climbing down from the steep hill after the successful visualization of the film. Unfortunately, one of the hunters touched the bees hive. Due to the finished job, they did not prepare for next attack and they all were on very thin cloths and without cloves . Three among five hunters fall down from the cliff and died. Two were severely bitten by the bees were died on the way to hospital and ten crew members of the visualization  were admitted in the hospital and discharged after 2 weeks .  It is said that the bees seems so calm if they are not hurt and if anyone hurt their queen , they become so terrifying and take revenge from the hunter . The queen is the most powerful among the bees. if the queen of the bees  safely removed from the hive it will be so easy to get the honey from the hive   which is considered as medicine  in eastern countries . The working bees always follow the queen bee , if she abandon the hive silently , all the bees left the hive with out revenge. so if you want to get honey remove the queen tactically and calmly.
         
1.    How many people had been killed according to the passage.?
2.    How many people had been injured according to the passage?
3.    Where was the bees's hive in the taxi?
4.    Who was the authentic person to provide informations about injured police officers according to the passage.
5.    What had happened to the two Americans who escaped from the death?
6.    What is the ideal idea to get honey?
7.    What did the team doing in Manning District?
8.    How did the taxi driver killed?
9.    Where was the bees's hive in the room?
10.    Who is the most powerful in the hive?

13.  ARAFAT POLITICS
    Arafat is not the point. As Israelis and Palestinians use ever more lethal means against each other's civilians, the question being asked in Israel and the US is not how to end the occupation, but whether or not to end the career, or even the life, of Arafat. At the time of writing this coverage trend in early February 2002, in a further escalation Israeli tanks have confined Arafat in an area of 200m square in Ram Allah. And have destroyed the remainder of his helicopter fleet that it began to destroy on the attack of his compound on 3 December 2001.
    If Israel killed Arafat or sent in to exile, nothing would change. It seems almost absurd to have to point out that forcing millions of people to live for decades under hostile military rule with no end on sight inevitably produces violent resistance. Only a mind -set that steadfastly refuses to recognize this can become captivated by a lone figure who's real and imagined failings became a smoke screen that obscures the machinery that actually drives the conflict.
    If Israel truly seeks the moral high ground it invokes in the international arena, it should stop seeking a relative high ground whose only elevation stems from the weakness and failing of its historical enemies. Rather Israel should address the most obvious things it dies to perpetuate the conflict.
    The bottom line is that the single most identifiable factor that perpetuates the Israeli- Palestinian conflict in all its forms, both legitimate, is the Israeli military occupation that exists to protect the continuing Israeli colonization of the Gaza Strip and West Bank, including Jerusalem.
    Comparisons of Arafat with Bin Laden serve to legitimize Israel's continuing repression of the Palestinians and bear no reality to the dynamics that this particular conflicts, dynamics that Israel has played no small part in creating.
    Israel's killing of civilians is a form of terrorism. The United States  tacit support of Israel's so called retaliation in US support of terrorism .Although Israeli officials are occasionally note don record " apologizing" for the latest " accidental" death of a child , there comes a point -- after a year in which one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed were children and 50 percent of these children were killed for away from clashes- that it becomes imperative to note that Israel could always simply stop killing children , instead of merely apologizing for it.
    Israel's nightly shelling of Palestinian neighborhoods has accounted for one quarter of the 800 Palestinians killed during the first year of the Second Intifada .  Israel's regular killing of innocent civilians including children as a "by product " of its ironically titled" targeted killings " of Palestinian activists most commonly with rockets fired from combat helicopters at these leader's vehicles while in cit streets offer more examples of the indiscriminate violence that characterizes 'terrorism' as most people understand the word.
    Following a series of suicide bomb attacks in February / March 1996, then Israeli President Weizmann bluntly described Israel's practice of using closure to turn Palestinian towns in to prisons for the entire population: "Sometimes, when you are searching for a needle in a haystack, you have to burn the haystack".
    Israel has been encouraged to carry out similar "retaliation" as in the case of the December 2001bombing, by the knowledge that the United States would not condemn it. America must refrain from "understanding" Israel's violence. This can only have the effect of encouraging the continued Israeli killing of innocent Palestinian civilians.

1.    How many Palestinian children have been killed this year?
2.    How many Palestinians have been killed during nightly shelling?
3.    Are children targeted by the Israelis?
4.    Who is Arafat compared to and why?
5.    Where is Arafat confined, and what size of area?
6.    How many people live under hostile military rule in Palestine?
7.    What is the question being asked in Israel and the US?
8.    Why is Israel not afraid to carry out retaliation attacks on Palestinians?
9.    What happened in 1996?
10.    What dies Israel do when it is faced with suicide bomb attacks?








14.  BUS LOOTED
    A bus, which started off in Kathmandu , at 5:30 PM , traveling to Biratnagar , was looted by some Indian dacoits, which had crossed the boarder in order to escape the authorities there. They had been in Nepal for at least a month and had been regularly stopping night buses and robbing the passengers of all their belongings as well as money.
    When the bus number Ba Ga 3987, first started off from Gongabu Bus Park there was a total of 30 passengers. Just near Thankot 3 more passengers got on. The journey was uneventful until they reached Muggling, where they stopped for dinner. Here, the bus conductor managed to find 4 more people wanting to travel to Biratnagar . After about half an hour stop for dinner, they set off again. At Bharatpur 2 of the passengers got off as they had only booked up to this point. The bus had to wait for about one hour as the engine had trouble and the driver had to fix it .After this they started  of again and had a short tea break at Hetauda where another 2 people got off and one got on.
    At about 2:00 PM in the morning, when most of the passengers were asleep, the driver suddenly stopped as there was a tree across the main road. The passengers all wake up as the bus had come to a sudden stop, and were all looking out of the windows. Two Indian men dressed in black were behind the fallen tree with country made rifles; at the same time 2 also came from the back and two on each side of the bus. At once they told all the passengers to come out of the bus and line up in front of the bus, even though it as a moonlight night, no body could make out the faces of the dacoits, and could tell only by the way they spoke that they were from India. Everybody was told to remove their watches, jewelries and to empty out their pockets and moneybags. One of the men colleted all this while the others told all the passengers to lie down with their faces facing down. During this time the dacoits all disappeared, as nobody wanted to follow them as they might get shot

1.    How many passengers were on the bus when it was robbed?

2.    How many dacoits were there in total?

3.    How long did they stop for dinner?

4.    Why did they stop a second time before the robbery?

5.    How did the passengers know that the dacoits were not Nepali?

5.    Where did the bus start first?

6.    How many got in the Baratpur?

7.    Why did the bus have to stop suddenly?

8.    How many we on the bus at Muggling?

9.    Although it was night time how could the passengers make out how many dacoits there were?  
15.    KOSOVO POLICE

    On Monday 17 March 2003 , at 0745 hours , two Kosovo Police Officers were on patrol duty in a police vehicle when they observed a white van type vehicle , license 496KS858 driving very fast. The officers stopped the white van type vehicle for questioning using their blue flash lights. When the driver stopped, the patrol team stopped five meters behind his vehicle, however the van did not turn off its engine. As the officers exited their vehicle, the drivers of the white van type vehicle sped away very quickly. The officers ran back to their vehicle and chased the white vehicle .They were driving on the road to the airport. The police vehicle was driving at almost 120 km/hour but was unable to catch up to the van. Suddenly, the van turned north on to an unpaved roadway. The officers continued the pursuit. The van drove for approximately a hundred meters more. There was a big hole by the side of the road which the van fell into as the driver had lost control of the van, then it rolled upside down into a deep ditch on the south side of the roadway at grid reference 184-846. The officers stopped their vehicle on the opposite side of the roadway and proceeded cautiously toward the offender's vehicle. When they were approximately two meters away form the white van type vehicle they could see that the offender was still in his vehicle but was not moving. There were no sign of blood or injury  to the offender .As the officers got closer they could see three bundles, approximately 35 cm by 20cm by 25cm in the rare cargo area of the vehicle . One of the bundles was ripped open and a dark green plant material was showing, the officers assumed that it was marijuana. The first officer proceeded to the front of the vehicle to check the physical condition to the driver. The offender was breathing but didn't respond to any of the officer's verbal commands.  The officer radioed for an ambulance and the offender was taken to the local hospital. The second officer searched the offender's vehicle and found another bundle under the front seat with a knife. The Knife was 20 cm long with old blood stains. There were no papers or registration found in the vehicle. All material were seized as evidence and taken to police station.

1.    What were the 2 officers doing at 0745 Hrs?
2.    Why did they ask the van to stop?
3.    What was their reason for stopping the van?
4.    At what distance behind did the police stop?
5.    How many bundles were seen?
6.    Approximately what speed was the van traveling when in pursuit?
7.    What did the officers assume it to be?
8.    Was the knife found before or after the suspect was taken to hospital?
9.    What distance did the van travel on the dirt road?
10.    How did the man crash the vehicle?
16.    GERMANY SOOTING

Germany was in shock yesterday after 19 years old, masked gunman shot 17 people, including two female students, before killing himself in a school massacre in the eastern city of Erfurt.
The black -clad gunman a recently - expelled student of the Gutenberg secondary school, burst into a classroom during an exam yesterday morning around 11 AM and started shooting with a pump action rifle mounted on his back. "He passed us in the corridor with out paying any attention and walked straight into the secretary's office and started shooting." He said. Witnesses said the gunman walked through the building, opening classroom doors and targeting staff, killing nine male teachers, four female teachers, a secretary and two female students all within minutes. Caretakers heard the shots and notified the local police. Two officers arrived on the scene and discovered two dead bodies in the entrance hall. Moments later the gunman appeared and opened fire, shooting dead one of the policemen. A special commando unit immediately surrounded the school, which has nearly 700 students. As the shooting continued, around 180 students were still trapped in the building. Commandos stormed the building shortly before noon and came upon what was described as terrible scenes. 'Bodies lay in the halls, in bathrooms and classrooms' said Mr.Rainer Grube, a police spokesman. The gunman, who had barricaded himself into a room, shot himself as officers approached. 'The gunman killed himself when he saw that there was no way out for him' said Mr., Grube.
    For the students trapped inside the building, their ordeals ended nearly three hours later when they were led, pale and shaking, out of the school to worried parents at the gate. They were all receiving counseling yesterday evening, while four people injured in the attack were brought to hospital. Police were last night still investigating students reports that there was a second gunman. They had no motive for the shootings yesterday evening. Friends of the as yet unidentified gunman described him as an intelligent student who was ' full of life' and often spoke of his wish to become famous. The massacre is one of the most violent attacks in German post -war history, and ranks alongside the 1996 school shooting in Dunblane and the 1999 massacre in Columbine , Arkansas. Yesterday evening Erfurt residents were in shock and German politicians speechless .
'We are stunned at this horrific crime. No explanation we could give would go far enough right now ' said the Chancellor, Mr. Gerhard Schroeder, expressing his sympathy for the families of the victims and the students who witnessed the attack. He ordered the German flag on the Reichstag in Berlin to flown to be flown at half mast. 'We are all in one room .One teacher is dead, we are crying.



1.    Which two other massacres are mentioned?
2.    How many people were injured in the attack?
3.    What time did the shooting start?
4.    What weapons were used?
5.    How many teachers were killed?
6.    Did the gunman target students?
7.     Who notified the police about the shooting?
8.    Who stormed the building and when?
9.    How many police men entered the building initially?
10.    How long it take to gunman to kill the people and was there only one gunman?



17.  DEAD BODY FOUND

Mr. John Edwards lives alone in his cottage in the southern part of Cambridge, UK. He was a retired officer who previously worked for the finance office which was based in London. He had been retired for 5 years now and spent most of his time in Cambridge. He had worked for 34 years and during that time lived in London. By the sides of his cottage, there was a husband and wife living who used to work for Mr. Edwards. The woman would cook his meals and the man would attend to the garden. Mr. Edwards had no close family or friends who would come to visit him regularly .On December 15 , 2002 ,Mr. Edwards was found dead in his study at 0700 hrs. His body was fund by the woman who did his cooking. She had informed the police when she had seen him lying on his desk at 0700hrs. All the doors were closed from the inside so the woman thought in quite suspicious so she looked through the window. This is when she saw Mr. Edwards at his desk. When the police arrived at 0730 hrs. They broke open the door and checked the body. Mr. Edwards was confirmed dead and his body sent for post mortem. By the side of the table there was a bottle and a letter which said that he was taking his life as he was fed up and didn't see any future in continuing. All these materials were sent to the police lab for the necessary testing. The reports all confirmed that Mr. Edwards did take the poison, traces of which were found in his blood and on his lips. On the latter, apart from Mr. Edward's finger prints, there were other prints found as well. When the police checked up they found that it belonged to the husband the woman who cooked for Mr. Edwards. The police found this very suspicious as the husband had said that he never came into the study at any time. The police brought the man in for questioning and under interrogation he at first denied that he had gone to the house ant any time. After 2 hours, he changed his story and said that he
          Rwanda’s First Lady defends African woman        
Rwanda’s First Lady Mrs. Jeannette Kagame and six other African First Ladies and many personalities Monday 11th June 2012 met in Libreville the capital of Gabon in a one day meeting codenamed “Dialogue for Action”.   The forum organized by Cecilia Attias, former wife of former French President Nicolas Sarkozy and her foundation, had brought […]
          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          [Cosas] Últimas Lecturas        
Pues bueno, un mes más, una sección e lecturas más...xD Últimamente parece que no hago otra cosa, que tristeza...u.u En fin, ¡aquí os van!xD

Mis compras:



-Boys Next Door: Bueno, primera compra de París que reseño (es que voy despacio, que el francés me agota...xD). Pero bueno, este tomo yaoi (al menos la primera historia) ya me lo había leído y me había emocionado y encantado, así que poco más puedo decir. la historia que le da título al manga es que es una pasada, es preciosa y muy bonita y de llorar... ¡Increíble!xDD Las otras dos son algo más chorras, y hay una que no entendí muy bien, pero tampoco están mal, son siniestras, en la línea de la autora y bueno, para que negarlo, ¡esta mujer me encanta!xD Mi nota es un 8.5.



-Rejor de Arena 9, 10: Pues otra serie que acabo, ¡soy feliz!*^* Me han encantado estos dos últimos tomos a pesar de ser extras. Me gustó mucho el 9, con las historias de las madres de Daigo, An y Fuji, la mejor es la madre de Daigo, ¡qué grande es esa mujer!xD Y el tomo 10 con sus ralladas otra vez no ha estado mal tampoco...xD La profe de Daigo me gustó mucho, y verlo a él con los alumnos no tiene precio...*^* Y eso, dos tomitos que aportan algo más a la historia, pero que tampoco es que sean imprescindibles. Mi nota es un 7.75.



-Kobato 2: ¡Adoro esta serie! Es bonita y a la vez tiene esas cosas tristes y misteriosas típicas de las CLAMP. El dibujo es una preciosidad y disfrutas cada tomo como el que más. Kobato es la mejor del mundo, en serio, es tan agradable, tan buena, tan desinteresada y a la vez tan torpe y tan mona... ¡Ains!xDD Cuando se enfrenta a los Yakuza para defender a la Señorita Hibino es que me emocioné y todo!xD ¡Qué grande es!^^ Y nada, que ya estoy deseando leer más, aunque no me queda tiempo ni nada...xDDD Mi nota es un 9.



-Venus Versus Virus 5: A mi esta serie cada vez me gusta más. Si, este tomo me gustó muchísimo, decían que la trama decaía, ¡pero a mi cada vez me tiene más intrigada! Y estoy deseando seguir leyendo y ver cómo acaba todoo...*^* En este tomo sabemos más sobre Layla y Laura, dos personajes que me encantan, y seguimos sin saber quien y qué es el maldito Yoshiki roba besos...xDDD Me escama el tío ese, de verdad... ¡En fin! Que un muy buen tomo y deseando que salga el 6 yaaa~ Mi nota es un 8.5.



-Yami no Matsuei 8, 9:
¡Pero como me encanta este manga!xDDD El tomo 8 me pareció precioso y emocionante a la vez. Pasan muchas cosas que no me esparaba y me emocioné demasiado, diría yo...xD Y en el 9 se vuelve a poner interesante la cosa, después del arco que acabó en el anterior, ¡así que no te dan ni tiempo a reponerte!xD Y nada, que lo de Hisoka buscando un guardián me ha encantado, no me lo esperaba la verdad, pero tiene una pinta muuuy interesante... ¡Quiero más!T^T Y ya queda poco para "acabarla"... ¡No hay derecho!xD Mi nota es un 8.

Las de Yer (este tío compra y compra, ¡madre!o.o):



-Nodame Cantabille 13: Puf, pues que voy a decir de Nodame, ¡otro pedazo tomo!xD La verdad es que a nivel de trama, mucho no pasa, pero lo que me reí con la pelea que tuvieron en medio de la calle esos dos, ¡no me lo quita nadie!xDDDD Es que son la hostia en verso!xDDDD Nodame es grande, es el mejor personaje femenino de todos los tiempos, de verdad. La adoras y es la caña, pero a la vez tiene esas cosas muy suyas que dices tú que parece tonta!xD Pero ella es así y la queremos!xD Y Chiaki que con lo que se resistía al principio ahora está hecho un cachito de paaaan, ¡aaaaains!xD Pues eso, ¡que un tomo genial! Mi nota es un 9.



-Bleach 34:
Bueno, en fin, yo ya no se que pensar de esta serie... Este tomo me ha gustado hasta la segunda mitad, donde aparecen Kenpachi y compañía. Es que me fastidia que parezca que van ganando y el malo de turno saque un poder super extraño de la manga que no se cree nadie. Esto viene por lo de Aporro y su mierda de resurrección, ¡por favor! Es que estamos viendo dos combates contra la misma persona, y eso ya no, ¿eh? ¡De verdad! En fin... lo único destacable del tomo es el combato de Byakuya, porque ese tío mola y zanja el combato rápido y sin tonterías. Minota es un 7.



-La Ley de Ueki 9: Por el contrario, esta serie cada vez me sorprende para mejooor~ Me encanta Ueki, ¡en serio! En este tomo sale la historia de Haydn, que es chulísima, me dio mucha pena y me encariñé con él de mala manera!xD Lo pero fue lo que le pasa y tal~ xD Que el nuevo malo da un miedito que lo flipas... A ver como se las apañan Ueki y compañía! Y estoy deseando ver qué poder le dieron a la chica, ¡que intriga!xD Mi nota es un 8.5.



-The Prince of Tennis 24, 25:
¡Qué fuerte! Desde Noviembre que no leía un tomo de POT, ¡esto no puede ser!xDDD Estos dos tomos me han encantado. La principal razón: son los partidos de la Golden Pai, Inui y Fuji, ¡mis favos!*^* xDDD Inui es el mejor del mundo... ¡y se le ven los ojooos!xDDD Creí que me daba algo...xD Y bueno, unos partidos geniales, de emocionarte y sufrir como nada... Y el de Fuji está siendo apoteósico, de verdaaad!xD Qué grande es ese tío, y me gusta su forma rara de pensar! Mi nota es un 9.



-Five 11:
Bueno, mejora la cosa en este tomo, sobre todo porque pasan bastantes cosillas, avanza algo la relación de los protas, ¡que ya era hora, por dios!xD Y bueno, me he reído bastante con el tomo y lo disfruté como nada. xD Lo de ir a las termas está ya un poco trillado, pero lo del pasaje ese del amor me mató!xDDD Y Hina como me cae muy bien pues le da puntos a la cosa, porque no es la típica prota petarda, ¡la tía mola mucho! Me encanta la escena en las termas cuando ella, después de que el tipo (que no me acuerdo como se llama) le diga que no se enamore de él, coge y le suelta que se enamorará de quien le de la real gana y que si es de él, que se joda. ¡Me encantó!xDD Mi nota es un 8.



-666 Satán 3, 4: Pues otros dos tomos de este shonen, que bueno, están mejor que los primeros, todo hay que decirlo...xD La verdad es que cada vez me va gustando más la serie, aunque no acabo de cogerle el gustillo que me gustaría... ¡Supongo que es cuestión de tiempo! Eso si, el prota cada vez me cae mejor!xDD Es un crack...*^* Y nada, que dos tomos entretenidos y a ver como sigue la serie... Mi nota es un 7.



-Crimson Hero 11, 12: Como ya viene siendo habitual, esta serie no deja de emocionarme, es que Nobara es tan grande, y los partidos son tan flipantes...xD Nunca sabes quien va a ganar, cómo van a reaccionar las protagonistas y bueno, ¡que son emociones sin parar!xDDD Y nada, que es un manga que ya desde el principio me está encantando y quiero saber cómo va a terminar todo, porque de verdad, ¡menudo suplicio!xDDD Mi nota es un 8.75.



-Amasando!! Ja-pan 23, 24:
Dios, cada vez se flipan más, se les va la olla de una manera...xDD Aun así, Japan me encanta! Es una rareza de manga, pero me río más con el y lo disfruto como nada. Es una pena que mangas como estos no tengan la acogida que se merecen, porque desde luego Japan es un manga diferente y muy entretenido... ¡Y de los que no se encuentran todos los días!xD Yo nunca me cansaré de recomendarlo...*^* Mi nota es un 9.



-The Legend of Zelda 2: Pues se acabó lo que se daba. La verdad es que me ha costado ponerme a leer este segundo tomo, y sigo con mi opinión de antes, no me ha emocionado nada y se me hacía pesado por momentos... La historia mola, si, pero es que no se... Lo veo todo muy apresurado y en fin, que no me termina de gustar. Mi nota es un 5.5.

Las de mi amiga:



-Uwasa no Midori-kun 8, 9, 10:
¡Yuhuuu! ¡Por fin leo Midori! Qué pedazo manga, cómo me ha gustado y el final es que me mató. No me lo esperaba para nada, dios, ¡qué puntazo! Parecía todo tan obvio y todo tan típico y derrepente las cosas pegan un giro bestial y bueno, acaba como acaba...*^* Vamos, que estos tres últimos tomos son lo que faltaba para que esta serie fuera grande, ¡pedaaazo final!xDDD Y nada, que como siempre me pasa con esta serie, me los leío un pis pás y casi sin darme cuenta, y me emocioné y me metí de lleno en la historia. Los personajes al final todos sacan su lado bueno y ayudan a que la historia avance por el buen camino. Me gustó mucho que Midori que mantuviera fiel a sus ideales hasta el final y que, como dice la autora, ¡no traicionara a Tsukasa! Y vamos, si éste ya me gustaba antes, después de estos últimos tomos se ha convertido en mi ídolo... ¡Qué grande eres!xDDD Y nada, que genial la serie, me ha encantado... Mi nota es un 9.5.

Y las prestaciones varias:



-Vagabond 2, 3, 4:
Bueno, la cosa se pone más interesante que en el primer tomo y la trama mejora, cosa que es de agradecer!xD Aun así, este manga no es que me entusiasme demasiado, se deja leer y entretetiene, pero para mi no es una gran maravilla. El dibujo me gusta mucho, las expresiones y el diseño de personajes está muy bien conseguido y eso le da valor a la obra. Por otra parte, la personalidad del protagonista mejora bastante de cara al tomo 4, cosa que también agradezco, porque en los primeros tomos me resultaba insufrible el tío ese...xDDD Y nada, que espero que siga así. Mi nota es un 6.75.



-Gantz 6, 7: Otros dos tomos que entre tetas y culos va avanzando algo la trama, como quien dice...xD Me han gustado más estos tomos que el anterior, a pesar de que no pase gran cosa. Las estatuas gigantes dan muy mal rollo, sobre todo la última, contra la que se está enfrentado Tomb Raider (no me fastidieis, la tía esa es una copia descarada...xDDDD), y a ver como acaba todo, aunque no tengo grandes espectativas puestas en este manga...xD ¡Dentro de poco a la parte azul!xD Mi nota es un 5.75.


¡Y listooou! Si no fuera por Yer esta lista se quedaba minúscula...xD ¡En fin! Al próximo mes le voy a llamar el de las lecturas internacionales...xDDD Ya sabréis todos por qué...xD
¡Nos leemos!



           Mercy Buckets - My Review of SALVAGED by Jay Crownover        
   

New York Times and USA Today bestselling author Jay Crownover continues her delightfully sexy Saints of Denver series with the next thrilling standalone, SALVAGED! Order your copy today!

   

Hudson Wheeler is a nice guy. Everyone knows it, including his fiancée who left him with a canceled wedding and a baby on the way. He’s tired of finishing last and is ready to start living in the moment with nights soaked in whiskey, fast cars, and even faster girls. He’s set to start living on the edge, but when he meets Poppy Cruz, her sad eyes in the most gorgeous face he’s ever seen hook him in right away. Wheeler can see Poppy’s pain and all he wants to do is take care of her and make her smile, whatever it takes.

Poppy can’t remember a time when she didn’t see strangers as the enemy. After a lifetime of being hurt from the men who swore to protect her, Poppy’s determined to keep herself safe by keeping everyone else at arm’s length. Wheeler’s sexy grin and rough hands from hours restoring classic cars shouldn’t captivate her, but every time she’s with him, she can’t help being pulled closer to him. Though she’s terrified to trust again, Poppy soon realizes it might hurt even more to shut Wheeler out—and the intense feelings pulsing through her are making it near impossible to resist him.
The only thing Poppy is sure of is that her heart is in need of some serious repair, and the more time she spends with Wheeler, the more she’s convinced he’s the only man with the tools to fix it.
   

Amazon | Barnes & Noble | Kobo | Google | iBooks | Amazon UK | Amazon CAN


ADD SALVAGED TO YOUR GOODREADS

     
     

Jay Crownover continues her Saints of Denver series with SALVAGED, available June 20, 2017

Preorder and fill out the form here: https://a.pgtb.me/MdHvvG

Enter your name, email address, and the order number from your pre-order receipt on the form to receive an advance excerpt of DIGNITY and a Saints of Denver Doodle download to print at home.

Entries must be received by midnight PST on June 19th to be eligible.

The print-at-home Doodle and Dignity excerpt will be emailed the week of June 20th.

   
a Rafflecopter giveaway
And the Link:http://www.rafflecopter.com/rafl/display/9172c1a0374/?
       
Jay Crownover’s SALVAGED – Review & Excerpt Tour Schedule:
June 12th
Aurora B's Book Blog – Excerpt
Book Angel Booktopia – Review & Excerpt
Ceres Books World – Review
Grownupfangirl – Review & Excerpt
Krista's Dust Jacket – Review & Excerpt
Panda & Boodle – Excerpt
June 13th
Booknerd1107 – Review
Foxy Blogs – Excerpt
Happily Ever After Book Reviews – Review & Excerpt
Mustreadbooksordie – Review
NallaReads – Review & Excerpt
The Book Disciple – Review & Excerpt
June 14th
Books to Breathe – Review & Excerpt
Prisoners of Print – Review & Excerpt
Tales of the Ravenous Reader – Review & Excerpt
The Book Maven – Review
Two Girls with Books – Review
June 15th
Cocktails and Books – Review & Excerpt
Ficwishes – Review
Night Owl Reader – Review & Excerpt
Read more sleep less – Review
Reading Between the Wines Book Club – Excerpt
Vagabonda Reads – Review & Excerpt
June 16th
A Literary Perusal – Review & Excerpt
Book Sojourner – Review & Excerpt
Literary Gossip – Excerpt
Novel Addiction – Review & Excerpt
Reviews from the Heart – Review & Excerpt
Three chicks and their books – Review & Excerpt
June 17th
Adventures in Writing – Excerpt
BJ's Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
NotasLiterárias – Review & Excerpt
RentasticReads – Review
Reflections Of A Book Geek – Review & Excerpt
June 18th
I Heart Books – Review & Excerpt
Naughty and nice book blog – Review & Excerpt
Nose Stuck in a Book – Review & Excerpt
Red Hot + Blue Reads – Review & Excerpt
The Escapist Book Blog – Review
Zili in the Sky – Review & Excerpt
June 19th
From the TBR Pile – Review
Books, Coffee & Passion – Excerpt
BookWorm221 – Review & Excerpt
Fictional Rendezvous Book Blog – Excerpt
Smut Book Junkie Reviews – Review & Excerpt
The Readdicts – Review & Excerpt
June 20th
Bookalicious Babes Blog – Review & Excerpt
Crazii Bitches Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
Red Cheeks Reads – Review & Excerpt
Reviews by Tammy and Kim (Rachel and Jay) – Review & Excerpt
TjLovesToRead – Excerpt
Wickedcoolflight – Review & Excerpt
June 21st
Jack of All Trades, Master of None – Review & Excerpt
Movies, Shows, & Books – Excerpt
My Girlfriend's Couch – Review & Excerpt
Rachel Reads Ravenously – Review & Excerpt
She Hearts Books – Review & Excerpt
Two Book Pushers – Review & Excerpt
June 22nd
A Leisure Moment – Review
Brittany's Book Blog – Excerpt
Caroline Jane Reads – Excerpt
KeeperShelf – Review
Live Read and Breathe – Review & Excerpt
Musings of the Modern Belle – Review & Excerpt
Queenzany – Review & Excerpt
June 23rd
BFD Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
Dog-Eared Daydreams – Review & Excerpt
Krissy's Book Nook – Review & Excerpt
Obsessive Book Nerd – Review
The Readdicts – Review & Excerpt
Vera is Reading – Excerpt
June 24th
Blushing babes are up all night – Review
G & T's Indie Café – Excerpt
Love Drug Book Blog – Review & Excerpt
Renee Entress's Blog – Review & Excerpt
We stole your book boyfriend – Review & Excerpt
Words of Wisdom from The Scarf Princess – Review & Excerpt
   
About Jay Crownover: Jay Crownover is the New York Times and USA Today bestselling author of the Marked Men, The Point, and the Saints of Denver series. Like her characters, she is a big fan of tattoos. She loves music and wishes she could be a rock star, but since she has no aptitude for singing or instrument playing, she'll settle for writing stories with interesting characters that make the reader feel something. She lives in Colorado with her dogs.        

Website | Facebook | Twitter | Goodreads

 



I've been looking for Poppy's HEA since the first moment that we met her. And the more I've gotten to know of Hudson Wheeler, the more I've been hoping that he could move on and find someone to take care of him as much as he takes care of others. When I saw that Jay was combining their stories, I was more than thrilled.

Poppy has been through Hell and back and is still trying to navigate her way in the real world. After being controlled and secluded by first her father, and then her now deceased husband, Poppy still finds the world to be a scary place, but she is determined. She is pushing her boundaries and trying new things.

Wheeler is still angry that his ex-fiancee left him for the love of her life. The sad thing is, he's really not angry at the loss of Kallie, but rather the loss of the life she represented; the future he would've had with her. He certainly wasn't looking for a  new woman, but suddenly Poppy is all he can see.



Once again, Jay Crownover has blown me away. Without falling into any conventional tropes or expected paths, Wheeler and Poppy grow a friendship and form a support system and they begin to heal. With well-developed characters and an amazing supporting cast, Crownover tells the story of the strength of a broken young woman, the power of kindness and love showed to one who is hurting, and how healing and hope can be found in the most unexpected circumstances. 

I always feel very introspective after finishing one of Jay Crownover's stories. I think it is a special gift when an author can point you back at yourself from a previously unobserved angle. Jay Crownover's books are not only the perfect escape from everyday life but also they renew my faith in love and humanity.

5 out of 5 Stars


Drive-By Truckers - Mercy Buckets




Citizen Cope - Sideways


          ÐŸÑ€Ð¾Ð³Ñ€Ð°Ð¼Ð° та карта фестивалю Файне місто        
КАРТА ФЕСТИВАЛЮ ФАЙНЕ МІСТО ПРОГРАМА 1 липня / ДЕНЬ 1 MAIN STAGE The Hypnotunez - 16.20 - 17.00 Los Colorados - 17.10 - 17.50 Killa - 18.00 - 18.40 Димна Суміш - 18.50 - 19.50 Ляпис 98 - 20.10 - 21.10 Брати Гадюкіни - 21.40 - 22.30 Zardonic - 23.00 - 00.00 DARK STAGE Affecting Dissent - 16.10 - 16.50 The Light - 17.00 - 17.40 Серцевий Напад - 17.50 - 18.30 Legenda Folium - 18.40 - 19.30 Fitz Roy - 19.40 - 20.30 Порнофільми - 20.50 - 22.00 LIGHT STAGE Bugs Bunny - 16.40 - 17.30 Циферблат - 17.40 - 18.20 Правиця - 18.30 - 19.20 Один в каное - 19.30 - 20.30 Kadnay - 00.00 - 00.50 Notes - 01.00 - 01.50 UFO STAGE DJ Gudz, MC Mikoff, PJ - 22.00 - 01.00 Lime Kid - 01.00 - 03.00 EstelQuaFreaks, DJ Unix - 03.00 - 06.00 REGGAE STAGE Dub Splash Sound System - 20.00 - 22.00 Dub Splash Sound System - 20.00 - 22.00 Des - 22.00 - 23.00 Des - 22.00 - 23.00 Amistad - 23.00 - 01.00 Jabbadub - 01.00 - 03.00 Shmir Sound - 03.00 - 05.00 AMPHITHEATRE STAGE Тернопільська поезія мертва(Презентація книжки Щасливі голі люди) - 13.00 - 13.50  Юрій Матевощук(Поетичні читання) - 14.00 - 14.50 Юрій Завадський(Творча Зустріч) - 15.00 - 15.50 Вільний мікрофон(попередня реєстрація) - 16.00 - 16.50 Театр Метаноя - 00.00 - 00.50 Кінопоказ - 01.00 - 02.00   21 липня / ДЕНЬ 2 MAIN STAGE Le cœur - 17.00 - 17.45 Le Basour - 17.55 - 18.35 Epolets - 18.50 - 19.30 Елизиум - 19.50 - 20.50 Друга Ріка - 21.10 - 22.10 Poets of the Fall - 23.00 - 00.00 DARK STAGE Брудні - 16.30 - 17.10 Septa - 17.20 - 18.00 Sunset Trail - 18.10 - 18.50 1914 - 19.10 - 20.00 Rage - 20.30 - 21.30 Caliban - 22.00 - 23.00 LIGHT STAGE Женя і Катя - 16.00 - 16.40  Vagabond Spectr - 16.50 - 17.30 Artbrother - 17.40 - 18.20 Brutto - 18.40 - 19.40 Jillhouse - 20.00 - 21.00 Паліна Республіка  - 00.00 - 00.50 Sviet Margot - 01.00 - 01.50 UFO STAGE DJ Gudz, MC Chehov, PJ - 22.00 - 01.00 Tapolsky - 01.00 - 03.00 Darth Vader DJ show - 03.00 - 06.00 REGGAE STAGE Dubsplash Sound System - 20.00 - 22.00 Rootscontrolla - 22.00 - 00.00 Whatafunk - 00.00 - 02.00 Slimjah - 02.00 - 04.00 Yoman - 04.00 - 06.00 AMPHITHEATRE STAGE Лекція:Подорожі - 11.00 - 11.50 Лекція: Українські бренди - 12.00 - 12.50 Макс Кідрук - 13.00 - 13.50 Віталь Рижков - 14.00 - 14.50 Андрій Любка - 15.00 - 15.50 Вільний мікророфон - 16.00 - 16.50 B-Boy Dance Show - 00.00 - 00.50 Кінопоказ - 01.00 - 02.00   22 липня / ДЕНЬ 3  MAIN STAGE Roll Models - 16.30 - 17.10 Heretic`s Dream - 17.20 - 18.00 Таракани - 18.30 - 19.20 Антитіла - 19.40 - 20.30 Eskimo Callboy - 21.00 - 22.00 Guano Apes - 23.00 - 00.00 DARK STAGE  O`Hamsters - 16.05 - 16.45 Dysphoria - 16.55 - 17.45 New Disorder - 17.55 - 18.35 Веремій - 18.50 - 19.40 Jinjer - 20.00 - 21.00 Korpiklaani - 22.00 - 23.00 LIGHT STAGE One Light Inside - 16.05 - 16.45 Krut - 17.00 - 17.50 ПНД - 18.10 - 19.00 Dakooka - 19.10 - 20.10 Христина Соловій - 20.30 - 21.30 Bloom Twins - 00.00 - 00. 50 Хамерман Знищує Віруси - 01.00 - 01.50 UFO STAGE DJ Gudz, Chehov MC, PJ - 22.00 - 01.00 Buy One Get One Free - 01.00 - 03.00 Mortal Kombat Dj Show - 03.00 - 06.00 REGGAE STAGE Dubsplash Sound System - 20.00 - 22.00 Gregory P - 22.00 - 00.00 Shmir Sound - 00.00 - 02.00 Kuzyn - 02.00 - 04.00 Sojka - 04.00 - 06.00 AMPHITHEATRE STAGE  Лекція: Подорожі - 11.00 -11.50 Лекція: Приготування кави - 12.00 - 12.50 Брати Капранови - 13.00 - 13.50 Клаус Анкерсен - 14.00 -14.50 Сергій Жадан - 15.00 - 15.50 Вільний мікрофон - 16.00 - 16.50 Театр Танець Всесвіту - 00.00 - 00.50 Кінопоказ - 01.00 - 02.00   23 липня / ДЕНЬ 4 MAIN STAGE Фіолет - 17.00 - 17.45 Без Обмежень - 18.00 - 18.40 Detach - 18.55 -19.35 O.Torvald - 19.55 - 21.00  ТНМК - 21.20 - 22.20 Skindred - 23.00 - 00.00 DARK STAGE Fatshow Dogs - 16.00 - 16.40 Медовий Полин - 16.50 - 17.30 Aghiazma - 17.40 -18.20 Space Of Variations - 18.30 - 19.20 Анна - 19.40 - 20.40 Annisokay - 21.10 - 22.10 LIGHT STAGE  Across the Road - 16.00 -16.40 Острів добрих Надій - 16.50 - 17.30 Ті, що падають вгору - 17.40 - 18.30 Табула Раса - 18.45 - 19.35 Аддис Абеба - 19.50 - 20.40 I am waiting for you last summer - 21.00 - 22.00  UFO STAGE DJ Gudz, Chehov MC, PJ - 22.00 - 01.00 Vovking - 01.00 - 03.00 Trend Show(DJ Sensey, MC Mikoff) - 03.00 - 06.00  REGGAE STAGE Yoman - 20.00 - 22.00 Dubsplash Sound System - Haile Selassie BD Special - 22.00 - 02.00 Rhobodub - 02.00 - 04.00 Des - 04.00 - 06.00 AMPHITHEATRE STAGE  Лекція: Подорожі - 11.00 - 11.50 Лекція: махабунди і батяри - 12.00 - 12.50 Вікторія Дикобраз - 13.00 - 13.50 Дмитро Лазуткін - 14.00 - 14.50 Юрій Іздрик, Григорій Семенчук - 15.00 - 15.50 Вільний мікрофон - 16.00 - 16.50 Fire Show - 00.00 - 00.50 Кінопоказ - 01.00 - 02.00 Фестиваль проходитиме на території Тернопільського іподрому. Розклад руху маршруток до іподрому Від залізничного вокзалу автобуси їздитимуть вже з 19 липня. Їхатимуть вони через вул. Львівську до іподрому з 21.00 год. До 02.00 год. Цим же маршрутом можна буде добратись ще 20 липня з 6.00 год. До 02.00 год. - 21 та 22 липня автобуси їздитимуть тільки від зупинки вулиця Львівська, - кажуть в міській раді. - А 23 липня знову заїжджатимуть на Залізничний вокзал. Також на центральному автовокзалі та залізничному вокзалі працюватимуть волонтери, які підказуватимуть усім приїжджим, як добратися до місця проведення фестивалю Файне місто. Читайте також: У Тернополі планують зробити власну книгу рекордів Файний холі-флешмоб Квитки на фестиваль Файне місто
          Killing us softly         

A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

“We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

“Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

Housebound in China 

A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

“Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

Beyond the silo

Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

“Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

“Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

Mounting evidence 

Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
 

Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

Asia worst affected

The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

 

WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

Filling the gaps

Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

“We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

“Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

A change in the air

Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

• Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
• WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
• The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

Three responded.  

A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

gh/ha/bp

*Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

**The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

For more: 

The relationship between household air pollution and disease

Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

Particulate air pollution and lung function  

Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
 

101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
          Monkey, dressed in finery        
Another one that went into Gypsies, Vagabonds & Wild Mad Women (currently showing at TactileArts in Fannie Bay, NT, until the 7th of May,) although I photographed this in-progress, and then didn’t bother to take another when it was done. Her fingers are in the final work, and a bird perches on the window ledge. […]
          SKYGLOWPROJECT.COM: KAIBAB ELEGY        

Millions of visitors a year come to Arizona's Grand Canyon National Park, one of the seven natural wonders of the world and the most visited national park in the western United States. However, on extremely rare days when cold air is trapped in the canyon and topped by a layer of warm air, which in combination with moisture and condensation, form the phenomenon referred to as the full cloud inversion. In what resembles something between ocean waves and fast clouds, Grand Canyon is completely obscured by fog, making the visitors feel as if they are walking on clouds.

This video was filmed as part of SKYGLOW (skyglowproject.com), an ongoing crowdfunded quest to explore the effects and dangers of urban light pollution in contrast with some of the most incredible dark sky areas in North America. This project is being produced in collaboration with International Dark-Sky Association (darksky.org), a non-profit fighting for the preservation of night skies around the globe.

The film was shot on Canon 5DSR & 5DIII cameras & lenses sponsored by Canon USA, aided by Alpine Labs' Michron & Pulse, powered by Paul C. Buff Vagabond Mini. LRTimelapse was used to process some of the shots.

Original video premiered on BBC Earth: bbc.com/earth/story/20170502-on-rare-occasions-the-grand-canyon-fills-with-thick-cloud

High resolution stills can be found here: dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/24210546/JPEG/KAIBAB%20ELEGY%20-%20HARUN%20MEHMEDINOVIC%20-%20SKYGLOWPROJECT.zip

Credits:
Producer/Editor/Shooter: Harun Mehmedinovic, Music: Pete Davis & James Banbury

Special Thanks:
Gavin Heffernan and Aida Bogunic, Semezdin & Sanja Mehmedinovic, Matt Walker & Pierangelo Pirak, Aaron McNally & Canon USA, Kevin Noble & Paul C. Buff Inc., Greg Horvath & Alpine Labs, International Dark-Sky Association, Northern Arizona University, State of Arizona & National Park Service

Locations:
Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona

Follow/Contact:
Facebook facebook.com/skyglowproject
Instagram: instagram.com/skyglowproject
Email: info@skyglowproject.com

We appreciate all your shares, comments and likes, thanks for checking out this video! For more videos please visit: vimeo.com/harun

This video is COPYRIGHT 2017 Harun Mehmedinovic / SKYGLOWPROJECT.COM. Any use beyond embedding this video in it's unaltered form and properly credited to SKYGLOW PROJECT/SKYGLOWPROJECT.COM on another website requires permission from the creator. Any use of the entirety or portion(s) of this video to drive advertising traffic, sales or any other profit-driven venture on a third party website without express permission from the content creator will result in prosecution to the full extent of the law.

-------

Timelapse artists and filmmakers Gavin Heffernan and Harun Mehmedinović are proud to introduce WWW.SKYGLOWPROJECT.COM, a 192-page hardcover photobook and timelapse video series exploring North America’s remaining magnificent night skies and the increasing impact of light pollution on our highly fragile environment.

A blend of images, stories, essays, and anecdotal captions, SKYGLOW explores the history and mythology of celestial observation and the proliferation of electrical outdoor lighting that spurred the rise of the phenomena known as “light pollution,” a grave threat not only to our incredible starscapes but also to the very ecosystem itself.

After a highly publicized Kickstarter campaign that ended as the fourth-most earning Photobook campaign ever, Harun and Gavin traveled over 150,000 miles and logged more than 3,000,000 photos on their grueling three-year quest. From incredible locations like the active Kīlauea volcano in Hawaii to Alberta’s majestic Northern Lights, SKYGLOW takes viewers on a visual journey through time, exploring our civilization’s evolving relationship with light and the night sky through the ages.

See how the ancient Puebloan archaeoastronomy sites of our native elders have now been replaced with the blinding “artificial day” of over-lit modern metropolises, and learn about the “Dark Sky Movement” fighting to reclaim the pristine darkness the Earth had enjoyed for billions of years. The importance of America’s threatened National Parks is also highlighted in a section of stunning landscapes from numerous parks, including Shenandoah, Yosemite, Acadia, Death Valley, Yellowstone and many more.

Completed in collaboration with the International Dark Sky Association (IDA), SKYGLOW also explores the numerous towns and sites that IDA has identified as official “Dark-Sky” Communities, Cities, Parks, Reserves and Sanctuaries.

Cast: Harun Mehmedinovic, Canon Pro and Alpine Labs

Tags: grand canyon, arizona, national park, cloud inversion, dark sky, stars, milky way, fog, clouds, timelapse, astrophotography and astro


          Vagabond House Pewter Leaf Fish Knife        
Vagabond House Pewter Leaf Fish Knife
Vagabond House's Leaf Pewter flatware features column style cast pewter handles exquisitely wreathed with a delicate, captivating leaf pattern at the join and end cap. - Five-piece setting includes dinner knife, dinner fork, soup spoon, salad fork, and teaspoon. - Carving set includes carving knif..

Price: $75.60


          Megettem már a kenyerem javát        

Ahogy mondani szokták megettem már a kenyerem javát, van némi tapasztalatom fogyás hízás terén. 3 éve szuperül leadtam 18 kilót, fél év alatt, különösebb megerőltetés nélkül, egy percet sem éhezve, akkor ettem amikor akartam, csak kiiktattam pár ételt a repertoáromból.

Az én mummusaim: 
kenyér (fehér, barna, fekete…szőke), mindenféle pékárú, úgy általában a gabonák (engedmény a zabnak jár- mértékkel), 
krumpli, rizs, 
cukor,

Utána tartottam is magam a jó formámban, élvezve annak minden előnyét, egy évig.
Aztán a kisördög aki ott van a fülem mögött, persze sugdosott- csak egy picit egyél- na én meg a pici. Ha rákattanok, nincs leállás, vagy semmi, vagy minden, sajnos aranyközépút nincs. Irigylem azokat akik ott tudják hagyni az étel egy részét a tányéron, mondván már jóllaktak, én egy morzsát sem. 
Így történt, hogy 2 év alatt mostanra megint rosszban vagyok a mérleggel, de leginkább magammal.
Tehát vissza a jól bevált módszerhez, de nem diétaként tekintve rá, hanem életmódváltásként,
ahol akkor ehetek amikor akarok, és annyit amennyi jólesik, s közben még fogyok is.
Nekem ez a tuti, már bizonyított, csak én utána eltoltam.

Miket ehetek? 
a mummusaimon kívül mindent.

Rengeteg zöldség, 
hús,tojás, hal, , 
gyümölcs,
tejtermék
olaj, zsír (kacsa, kókusz), hidegen sajtolt olajak, 
zab és maglisztek mértékkel.
ha édesre vágyom: aszalt gyümölcs, méz (de lehetőleg ne vágyjak rá) Nem vicc, de egy idő után az ízlelőbimbóim az almát is édességként élvezik. (ha nem tapasztalom, nem hiszem)

Ez a sorrend jellemző a mennyiségekre is, a zöldségből kerül a legtöbb az asztalra.

Neked ez hogy hangzik?
Elkísérsz ezen az úton?

De futni kell velem, na… most még nem gyorsan (erről majd később)

          Spare Air this weekend        

Berlin in light: cabaret, dance-band and theater music from Berlin in the 1920s and early ’30s. Kurt Weill is the composer looming over this time and place, but many other artists and composers (not all of them German) figured prominently in this singular musical scene. We’ll hear voices from the period – notably the amazing vocal sextet the Comedian Harmonists – and leading current-day interpreters, including Max Raabe & Das Palast Orchester and the chanteuse Ute Lemper.

June 4
7-9 p.m. EDT
2300-0100 GMT/UTC
WDCE-FM, University of Richmond
90.1 FM
http://www.wdce.org

Kurt Weill: “Berlin im Licht”
Rosemary Hardy, vocalist
Ensemble Modern/HK Gruber
(Largo)

Kurt Weill-Bertolt Brecht:
“Die Moritat vom Mackie-Messer” (“Mack the Knife”)
Lotte Lenya, vocalist
orchestra
(Telefunken)
 
Kurt Weill-Bertolt Brecht: “Pirate Jenny”
Lotte Lenya, vocalist
Lewis Ruth Band/Theo Mackeben
(Intense Media)

James P. Johnson:
“Original Charleston”
Das Palast Orchester
(Monopol)

Michael Jary-Rosita Serrando:
“Roter Mohn”
Herman Hupfeld:
“As Time Goes By”
Max Raabe, vocalist
Das Palast Orchester
(Edel)

Sholom Secunda-
Jacob Jacobs:
“Bei mir bist du schön”
Max Raabe, vocalist
Das Palast Orchester
(SPV)

Kurt Weill-Bertolt Brecht: “Alabama Song”
Max Raabe, vocalist
Das Palast Orchester
(RCA Red Seal)

Hindemith: “Neues vom Tage” Overture
BBC Philharmonic/
Yan Pascal Tortelier
(Chandos)

Rudolf Nelson-
Kurt Tucholsky:
”Tamerlan”
Mischa Spoliansky: “Maskulinum - Femininum”
Friedrich Hollaender:
“Sex Appeal”
Kurt Weill-Roger Fernay: “Youkali Tango”
Ute Lemper, vocalist
Matrix Ensemble/Robert Ziegler
(Decca)

Milton Ager-Charles Amberg: “Wochenend und Sonnenschein” (“Happy Days Are Here Again”)
Friedrich Hollaender: “Wir sind von Kopf bis Fuss auf Liebe eingestellt” (“Falling in Love Again”)
Duke Ellington: “Creole Love Call”
W.R. Heymann-
Jean Boyer:
“Quand la brise vagabonde”
Comedian Harmonists
(Documents)

Wagner-Hindemith: “The Overture to ‘The Flying Dutchman’ as Sight-Read by a Bad Spa Orchestra
at 7 o’clock in the Morning by the Village Well”
Kocian Quartet
(Praga)

Brahms: “Hungarian Dance” No. 5
Kreisler: “Liebeslied”
Dvořák: Humoresque (“Eine kleine Frühlingsweise”)
Comedian Harmonists
(Documents)

trad. (Kurt Weill arr.): “Klops-Lied”
Kurt Weill-Felix Gasbarra: “Die Muschel von Margate” (“Petroleum Song”)
Kurt Weill-
Lion Feuchtwanger:
“Das Lied von den braunen Inseln”
Teresa Stratas, vocalist
Richard Wollach, piano
(Nonesuch)

Kurt Weill-Ogden Nash: “Speak Low”
Kurt Weill-Maxwell Anderson: “September Song”
Kurt Weill-Langston Hughes:
“What Good Would the Moon Be”
Max Raabe, vocalist
Das Palast Orchester
(RCA Red Seal)

Elisio Grenet: “Espabilate”
Jacques Dallin:
“Sous le ciel d’Afrique”
Josephine Baker, vocalist
Comedian Harmonists
(Turn Again Records)

Norbert Schultze-Hans Leip: “Lili Marleen”
Lale Andersen, vocalist
male chorus & orchestra
(EMI Electrola)
          Amore e tradizione italiana        
Amore e tradizione. Si tratta di uno dei prodotti di disegno industriale più famosi al mondo nonché più volte utilizzato come simbolo del design italiano: la Vespa. Indimenticabile la Vespa su cui Gregory Peck e Audrey Hepburn vagabondarono per Roma in “Vacanze romane”. La storia di...
          Chimpanzees are forcing us to redefine what it means to be human        

Reuters best wildlife animal images of 2015 chimpanzee

Primatologist Frans de Waal says chimpanzees can do almost everything that was once considered a distinctively human trait.

The idea that only humans make tools is today "an unsustainable position," de Waal writes by email. "Then we also got the apes-have-no-theory-of-mind claims, which now have been seriously weakened, the culture claims, the idea that only humans are great at cooperation, and so on, none of which really holds up."

The only unique trait of humans, he says, might be that we have symbolic language.

De Waal’s latest book—"Are We Smart Enough to Know How Smart Animals Are?"—describes a monumental shift in our understanding of animal intelligence in recent decades. In one fascinating part, he takes on a theory about tools by pointing to new observations of chimps, a species that shares 99% of the same DNA as humans.

Anthropologist Kenneth Oakley laid out the old viewpoint in his 1957 book, "Man the Toolmaker," which argued that mankind was the only animal that systematically made tools.

That stance was challenged by anthropologist Jane Goodall’s observations of chimps in the wild. When, in 1960, she described chimps stripping leaves from a stem to make a tool to dig for termites, her colleague Louis Leakey telegrammed: "Now we must redefine tool, redefine Man, or accept chimpanzees as humans."

Still, Oakley wasn’t convinced. In subsequent writings, he dismissed Goodall’s observations as "a far cry from the systematic making of stone tools, the earliest known examples of which … evidently require much premeditation, a high order of skill and an established tradition implying some means of communication."

Thus, whether man is the only true tool-making animal remained an open question. Yet today, per de Waal, we can answer with a definitive no.

De Waal, the director of the Living Links Center at the Yerkes National Primate Research Center in Atlanta, Georgia and a professor at Emory University, lays out overwhelming examples of complex tool use by chimps. For instance:

—Chimps in the Congo have been repeatedly observed traveling with a combination of two sticks—a meter-long sapling and a flexible slender stem—which they use for digging into an ant nest and grabbing ants.

—Chimps in Gabon have been repeatedly observed hunting for honey with a five piece toolkit, including a stick for breaking open a hive, a stick for perforating the honey chamber, a stick for widening the opening, a stick with a frayed end for dipping into honey, and strips of bark to scoop honey up—all tools that are prepared and carried to the hive before the work begins.

—Chimps in one community are known to use pointed sticks to hunt, jabbing them into a tree cavity to kill a sleeping bush baby.

All told, per de Waal, chimpanzees communities tend to use between 15 and 25 tools, many of them prepared ahead of time with techniques that are passed from generation to generation.

Young chimpanzees CongoAlthough chimps make and use tools to a greater degree than other non-human species, plenty of species—from gorillas to elephants to otters to crows—have shown they can use tools too. All of that weakens the idea of homo faber ("man the maker"), which claims that we have a unique ability to control the environment through tools.

As for other supposedly special traits of humans, de Waal says they have fallen one by one: chimps and other species have been observed showing empathy, regret, and friendship; recognizing faces; recognizing themselves in a mirror; understanding when other creature know or don’t know something; remembering distant events; exercising self-restraint; and more.

It may, again, be only in language that humans are unique: "We honestly have no evidence for symbolic communication, equally rich and multifunctional as ours, outside our species." de Waal writes in the book.

Whatever the differences between humans and the rest, there are clearly fewer than we once thought. Charles Darwin may have said in best in a quote featured by de Waal: "The difference in mind between man the higher animals, great as it is, certainly is one of degree and not of kind."

SEE ALSO: Humans may have evolved to spot the animal hidden in this picture

SEE ALSO: Humans are still better than robots at these 9 things

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: There's a place off California's coast called the 'Red Triangle' where over 1/3 of great white shark attacks happen


          A Staggering Number Of Chimps And Gorillas Have Died From Ebola        

Young chimpanzees Congo

There is a side to the Ebola crisis that, perhaps understandably, has received little media attention: the threat it poses to our nearest cousins, the great apes of Africa. At this moment in time Ebola is the single greatest threat to the survival of gorillas and chimpanzees.

The virus is even more deadly for other great apes as it is for humans, with mortality rates approximately 95% for gorillas and 77% for chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). Current estimates suggest a third of the world’s gorillas and chimpanzees have died from Ebola since the 1990s.

As with humans, these deaths tend to come in epidemics. In 1995, an outbreak is reported to have killed more than 90% of the gorillas in Minkébé Park in northern Gabon. In 2002-2003 a single outbreak of ZEBOV (the Zaire strain of Ebola) in the Democratic Republic of Congo killed an estimated 5,000 Western gorillas (Gorilla gorilla). It’s hard to accurately count such elusive creatures but the WWF estimates there are up to 100,000left in the wild – so a single Ebola outbreak wiped out a considerable chunk of the world’s gorilla population.

There are of course additional factors behind the declining numbers of Africa’s great apes: illegal trading in wildlife and bushmeat, war, deforestation and other infectious diseases. The world’s remaining wild apes are being increasingly forced into isolated pockets of forest, which impedes their ability to forage, breed and to hide from hunters. There is also a growing body of evidence linking deforestation and subsequent changes in climate to the spread of Ebola and other infectious diseases.

 

Back in 2003 an article on the decline of great apes, written by a team led by primatologist Peter Walsh, predicted that:

Without aggressive investments in law enforcement, protected area management and Ebola prevention, the next decade will see our closest relatives pushed to the brink of extinction.

Sadly, this prediction appears to have come true. Since 2008, the IUCN has listed the Eastern Gorilla (Gorilla beringei) as endangered and the Western Gorillas as critically endangered. If we do not act fast, these may prove to be the last decades in which apes can continue to live in their natural habitat. Unfortunately, there appears to be a lack of political will to implement policies which would bring viable solutions into effect.

We need both short-term solutions to halting the spread of Ebola and long-term ones to prevent future outbreaks. As a short-term strategy, vaccination could prove enormously useful in tackling the Ebola crisis in apes. Unlike for humans, a vaccine for gorillas and apes has been developed which thus far has been proven both safe and effective.

To date though, these trials have not involved “challenging” the vaccinated chimps with the live virus. Across much of Europe, medical research on great apes is either banned or highly restricted because of their cognitive similarity to humans. The question is whether or not we should make an exception in this case.

In the long term, conservation efforts aimed at restoring forest habitat could also help curb the spread of the virus, as larger forested areas would reduce the chances of infected animals coming into contact with one another. In tandem with forest regeneration, greater protection for apes from hunters and strict laws to control bushmeat consumptionwould also be hugely beneficial, both for apes and for humans.

Join the conversation about this story »


          Gabon: Hold-up électoral sur Cantonales Alençon 3 : Le vide Sidéral !        
Camarades,
Prière de trouver ci-joint une déclaration de l’ACTUS/prpe contre le hold-up électoral au Gabon . Cordialement, Le Secrétaire à la Communication de l’ACTUS/prpe (Action Tchadienne pour l’Unité et le Socialisme Parti Révolutionnaire Populaire et Ecologique) M.Josué NDONINGA 00 33 6 64 95 62 18 Déclaration de l’ACTUS-prpe contre le hold-up électoral au Gabon et soutien à la lutte du Peuple. Gabon:l’Impérialisme français a repris le haut du pavé en déniant au peuple la démocratie. l’ACTUS-prpe exprime au préalable sa compension aux familles des victimes de la répression policière. Notre Parti adresse sa solidarité militante au peuple frère du Gabon dans sa légitime lutte contre toute forme de dictature afin d’instaurer une véritable démocratie et indépendance nationale. Le peuple gabonais mais aussi les africains qui aspirent à la démocratie en luttant pour la fin des dictatures ont reçu un coup de massue le jeudi 3 septembre 2009. La proclamation tardive des résultats de l’élection présidentielle après de multiples tractations obscures, octroie la victoire au fils du Président défunt Omar Bongo Odimba: Mr. Ali Bongo Odimba, ex-ministre de la Défense recueille 41,73% de voix tandis que les deux adversaires majoritaires comptabilisent respectivement 25, 88% pour André Mba Obame et 25,22% en faveur de Pierre Mamboundou. Après 42 ans de pouvoir sans partage et sans discontinuité du Président Omar Bongo Odimba, Doyen des Chefs d’Etat, imposé militairement aux Gabonais par l’impérialisme français, le Peuple s’était mobilisé pour tourner enfin la page de la « dynastie Bongo ».Cependant,hélas la Françafrique dont l’ex Président était le patriarche en Afrique, ne l’entend pas de cette oreille:tous les moyens ont été mobilisés pour usurper la victoire du Peuple en imposant le candidat Ali Bongo Odimba, garant de la continuité et de la domination coloniale de la France sur ce riche pays africain. La prétendue élection présidentielle «démocratique» au Gabon n’a été qu’un véritable hold-up, un coup d’état électoral… selon la majorité du Peuple gabonais qui a exprimé massivement sa colère en s’attaquant au symbole de la France et ses intérêts représentés par de nombreuses entreprises françaises dont Bouygues, Bolloré,Areva,Total,BNP,Rougier,Eramet,Veolia, Crédit lyonnais,Axa… Sur une population d’environ 1.331.138 habitants, la Françafrique a amplifié le corps électoral à 820.000 électeurs afin de s’assurer la victoire par le bourrage des urnes. Ce chiffre qui est contraire aux normes généralement admises en démocratie n’a suscité aucune observation du Gouvernement français, partie prenante dans cette mascarade d’élection présidentielle. Au Gabon l’âge requis pour voter est de 21 ans et selon les statistiques démographiques, environ 40% de la population a moins de 21 ans. La machine à frauder de la Françafrique a inventé un corps électoral qui défit toute logique humaine. Ce fait sera confirmé plus tard par Mr. Antoine Glaser Directeur de la publication, La Lettre du Continent.Ce dernier affirma dans une interview à BBC le 5 septembre 2009 ces cruelles vérités : « Tout le monde savait qu’Ali Bongo allait passer de gré ou de Force. Il se prépare depuis 1986. Il avait été déjà à Matignon annoncé à l’époque à Jacques Chirac qu’il voulait succéder à son père et en fait depuis 10 ans Ministre de la défense. Il veut absolument être Président en succédant à son père » Le Candidat Ali Bongo Odimba au pouvoir dispose de l’appareil d’état, contrôle la Commission Electorale Nationale autonome et Permanente (CENAP,composée majoritairement de militants du Parti au pouvoir, le Parti Démocratique Gabonais, le PDG) et les médias officielles. Le quotidien Le Monde du 3 septembre 2009 écrivait : « Dans la nuit de mardi à mercredi, un commando de cinq hommes cagoulés a mitraillé à l'arme automatique la station d'émission satellite de Go Africa. Cette chaîne de télévision tentait de prendre le relai de TV+,la chaîne appartenant à l'opposant André Mba Obame,dont la diffusion est interdite depuis dimanche, jour du vote ». Cette atteinte de la liberté de presse et de surcroît en période électorale n’a suscité une fois de plus aucune réaction du gouvernement français qui demeure aphone et aveugle. Pour ce dernier, l’infantilisation, l’humiliation et la domination des africains de son pré-carré est une tradition solidement ancrée car toutes les règles élémentaires de démocratie ne sont pas destinées aux indigènes noirs qui demeurent encore immature. Aussitôt après la proclamation des résultats imposés par l’impérialisme français, nous assistons à une vigoureuse mise en garde, une menace à peine voilée de frappe militaire contre la population révoltée émanant du Secrétaire d'Etat à la Coopération et à la Francophonie, Mr. Alain Joyandet. Interrogé sur RTL, le Ministre a déclaré que les troupes françaises stationnées au Gabon comptent environ un millier d'hommes. Elles sont prêtes à intervenir si des ressortissants français et les intérêts de l’hexagone sont menacés. L’ordre colonial doit être maintenu par tous les moyens grâce aux troupes françaises de la 6è BIMA basées dans le pays. Signalons qu’en 1990, ces mêmes troupes françaises d’occupation ont réprimé sauvagement dans le sang la révolte populaire des jeunes qui contestaient les élections frauduleuses qui ont permis de perpétuer le pouvoir du Président Omar Bongo Odimba. Les multiples interventions de l’armée française pour soutenir et pérenniser les dictateurs contre la volonté des Peuples africains sont devenues une tradition hexagonale sous tous les gouvernements aux bords de la seine. Le Peuple tchadien vit avec colère et amertume sous la plus cruelle tyrannie d’Afrique du Général-Président Déby imposé par la France depuis 19 ans. Ce dernier fut sauvé in extremis à plusieurs reprises grâce aux interventions de l’Armée française contre les percées militaires foudroyantes des Forces de résistance nationale. Dans la lignée des preuves de cette mascarade d’élection présidentielle, nous retenons la déclaration de la Présidente de l’Association Survie (fondée par François-Xavier Vershave), Mme Odile Biyidi (Veuve du militant panafricain et pionnier pourfendeur de la Françafrique, Mongo Béti) au quotidien Le Monde du 04 septembre : « Les premières constatations dans les bureaux montraient une avance considérable des deux candidats d'opposition (Pierre Maboundou et André Mba Obame) et Ali Bongo arrivait assez loin en troisième position. Ce résultat est un coup de force. Il n'a même pas été annoncé à l'unanimité car le procès verbal n'a pas été signé par tous les membres de la commission. Il y a eu beaucoup d'affrontement au sein de cet organe qui a longtemps tergiversé pour remettre les résultats. Quoi qu'il en soit, la décision finale n'apparaît pas très correcte et légale ». Le pétrole, le manganèse , l’uranium, la riche forêt gabonaise, sa faune…sont contrôlés et pillés par les sociétés françaises, la position géostratégique du pays pour les expéditions punitives coloniales des troupes d’occupations françaises qui y stationnent depuis la période coloniale à ce jour à l’instar de celles du Tchad, sont autant de preuves qui démontrent si besoin en était de l’immuable politique de domination et d’asservissement des 14 pays du pré carré en général et du Gabon en particulier. Face à la révolte des Peuples contre la Françafrique et le maintien de l’ordre colonial dans le pré-carré, la France instaure une nouvelle pratique politique africaine édulcorée, « la dynastie familiale républicaine ». Les pseudos élections présidentielles démocratiques sont organisées à tour de bras afin de légitimer les fils et autres progénitures des anciens présidents de la Françafrique décédés. Le cas du Togo vient d’être suivi de celui du Gabon. Cette réaction criminelle en chaîne inspirerait incontestablement d’autres dictateurs de la Françafrique au Tchad, en Centrafrique, au Cameroun, au Congo Brazzaville avec la bienveillance de la métropole. Il appartient à ces Peuples de se préparer afin de bloquer par tous les moyens, voire enrayer la marche de cette machine infernale, en l’occurrence la Françafrique car il y va de la survie des populations de ces entités africaines. Dans ces conditions de déni permanent de démocratie (solution pacifique), d’humiliation, de coup d’état permanent françafricaine, de pillages systématiques des ressources des pays par les réseaux de la Françafrique..., les Peuples révoltés ont le droit de réclamer leurs droits et de les arracher par la violence, légitime réaction aux crimes organisés contre eux. C’est notamment le cas du Tchad où les Forces de résistance de l’UFR se battent vaillamment les armes à la main contre le dictateur Déby depuis de nombreuses années. Le maintien de l’ordre colonial et la préservation des intérêts ou pillages des ressources du Gabon par la France, impliquent le massacre du peuple insurgé. En effet, deux personnes ont été tuées par balles parmi lesquels un élève de 18 ans Thierry Mombo. Les contestations populaires se poursuivent trois jour après la proclamation des résultats et ce malgré le couvre-feu.(Cf.La nouvelle République du 06 septembre). Ulcéré par l’attitude criminelle de l’hexagone qui a été le cerveau de ce coup d’état électoral, l’opposant gabonais Bruno Ben MOUBAMBA a déclaré : « Moi, Bruno Ben MOUBAMBA, j'accuse la France d'être derrière le coup d'Etat en cours au Gabon et je dis au Président Français Nicolas SARKOZY qu'il n'est pas dans l'intérêt de la France d'agir comme elle le fait pour le moment» Interrogé par Sylvain Attal, journaliste à la Télévision France 24, le 19 août dernier, un autre opposant Pierre MAMBOUNDOU, excédé par une certaine presse qui mène une campagne insidieuse en faveur du candidat Ali Bongo Odimba, rétorqua énergiquement : « Ali Bongo n’est favori de personne ici au Gabon. Il faut que cela soit clair. Il est peut-être favori pour France 24 mais pas pour les Gabonais ». L’implication flagrante et manifeste de la France dans ce coup de Force électorale a été aussi étayée par l’un des cerveaux des réseaux de la Françafrique, Robert Bourgi, ami des Présidents Sarkozy, de Bongo père et fils qui n’hésita pas à déclarer avec orgueil : « Je suis un ami très écouté de Nicolas Sarkozy », insiste-t-il. Cet été, il a mis toute son énergie au service de l'élection de son poulain, Ali Ben Bongo, fils et héritier du président défunt qu'il présente comme « le meilleur défenseur des intérêts français dans tous les domaines ». « Au Gabon, la France n'a pas de candidat, mais le candidat de Robert Bourgi, c'est Ali Bongo, explique-t-il en souriant. Or je suis un ami très écouté de Nicolas Sarkozy ». De façon subliminale, l'électeur le comprendra." (Cf. Le Monde du 31 août 2009) Les descendants de ces valeureux soldats africains (appelés Tirailleurs sénégalais) qui ont libéré la France de la servitude des Nazis ont aussi le droit de vivre à l’instar du peuple français en toute liberté, en démocratie et d’utiliser rationnellement pour leur bien-être les richesses naturelles dont l’Afrique est dotée. Il est inacceptable qu’une poignée d’individus, Membres des réseaux de la Françafrique et sous le patronage des gouvernements français successifs, maintiennent sous une chape de plomb pendant des décennies des Peuples entiers dans la misère sans précédent. Face aux crimes contre l’humanité de la Françafrique dans le pré-carré de la France parmi lesquels les événements dramatiques en cours au Gabon, notre Parti,Action Tchadienne pour l’Unité et le Socialisme/Parti Révolutionnaire Populaire et Écologique(ACTUS/prpe) déclare ce qui suit: - exprime sa solidarité militante au peuple frère du Gabon dans sa légitime lutte contre toute forme de dictature afin d’instaurer une véritable démocratie et indépendance nationale - condamne l’impérialisme français qui dénie au peuple gabonais le droit à la démocratie, son libre choix de régime politique et son avenir en imposant aujourd’hui après 42 ans du règne du Président Omar Bongo celui de son fils Ali Bongo - exige le retrait inconditionnel, immédiat et la fermeture des bases militaires françaises d’Afrique qui maintiennent l’ordre colonial et servent de bouclier et renforcent les dictateurs imposés aux peuples par la France - appelle tous les peuples africains à une solidarité militante,unitaire de lutte contre l’asservissement,les pillages,les humiliations, le mépris, les crimes contre l’humanité…dont notre continent continue d’être victime des puissances impérialistes. - recommande à tous les activistes et patriotes africains de poursuivre le combat de libération et de dignité,lancé par les illustres fils d’Afrique(Patrice Lumumba,Amilcar Cabral,Thomas Sankara,Marien Nguabi,Houari Boumediene,Agostino Neto, Samora Machel, Sékou Touré, Kuamé Nkrumah, Nasser, Nyombé,Félix Moumié,Olympio,Nkrumah,Sékou Touré,Steve Biko,Um Nyobè,Tavio Amorin,Ouandié, Félix Moumié,Cheick Anta Diop,Edouardo Mondlane…,) dont certains furent assassinés par l’impérialisme qui n’accepterait jamais une véritable indépendance politique, économique et militaire de notre continent afin de sauvegarder leurs intérêts(pillages)avec la complicité de leurs valets dictateurs imposés aux présidences de nos pays. - lance un appel solennel à tous les Peuples africains et aux patriotes activistes de jeter toutes leurs forces dans la bataille pour la réalisation rapide des Etats-Unis d’Afrique (EUA),seule garanti d’une véritable indépendance de notre Continent par conséquent de notre existence sur l’échiquier politique international. Le 6 Septembre 2009 Pour l’Action Tchadienne pour l’Unité et le Socialisme/Parti Révolutionnaire Populaire et Écologique(ACTUS/rpe) Le Secrétaire Général Dr LEY-NGARDIGAL Djimadoum actus-prpe@club-internet.fr
          What a Mad Scientist brought me in Italy        
For about two weeks each year this little-known corner of Italy becomes one of the most interesting places in the world. Dozens of productive people from across the planet and all walks of life gather at this estate every summer to break bread, build relationships, and exchange ideas. (check out the photo) Over the years we’ve had scientists, politicians, vagabonds, artists, and musicians, as well as enormously successful investors and entrepreneurs in attendance. As you can imagine, the conversations are fascinating. The other night, in fact, late into the evening over the local Montefalco wine, we devised a subversive, early-stage plan to rid Venezuela of its destructive, totalitarian government. More […]
          Beirut - Vagabond        

Official video by Sunset Television
Email Sunset at hello[at]sunsettelevision.com

Cast: Sunset Television

Tags: beirut, vagabond, sunset television, milos foreman, dancehall, new wave, black and white and music video


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Defining the Market
Social Group
Definition: Young adrenaline junkies.
Age: 17-28 (Generation Y/ Millanials/ Generation Next). Birthdates from 1980’s-2000
Demographic: Americans and Western Europeans
Race: Caucasian
Culture: Counter Cultural Aura- A rejection of authority and the status quo by disaffected youth. The youth of the Y generation have taken-up new sports which they can call their own and reject more traditional sports in increasing numbers. Upbringing characterised by neoliniral approach to politics (Neoliberalism seeks to transfer control of the economy from government to the private sector in the beliefs that it will create a more efficient government and improve economic health.
Religion: 48% are theist; 32% unsure (or pantheist); 20% Naturalist (Atheist)
Sex: 75% male; 25% female.
Interests: Extreme outdoor activities: adventures, backpacking, vagabonding, hiking, base jumping, bungee, sky surfing, sky flying, sky jumping, gliding, mountaineering, ski jumping, sky diving,  cycling, rock-climbing, , camping, survival, photography, cinematography, skiing; Extreme Indoor activities , indoor climbing, adventure racing, aggressive inline skating, BMX, caving,  land and ice yachting,  motor cross, mountain biking, mountain boarding,  sand boarding, skate boarding, speed biking, scootering, street lunge ; Digital Technologies: smart phone, cameras, can-coders, cell phones, iPods, , notebooks, tablet pcs, lap tops, portable media players; arts and humanities: music (bands, musicians, pop, hip hop, rock,  dance, techno, pics,); communications (Web sites, social networks, email, texting,) ,media(movies, series, vids) Environment: Green Culture, Global warming, sustainable living, low carbon footprint, nature (plants and animals), endangered species.
Commonly Purchased Material: Smart phones and Cell phones (94%), net books (97%), tablet PCs(64%), portable media players (56%) Rack-sacks, hiking boots, solar chargers, camping equipment, water bottles/purifiers, mountain bikes, sporting equipment,
Income Group: +- $20, 000 p.a. (+-R 150 000 p.a.) but pseudo-dependant.
Industry
(In order of relevance)
Indoor Extreme Sports
Consume Electronics (Cell Phones, Smart Phones, Portable media Players, Tablet Pcs, Digital Cameras, Net Books)
Outdoor Extreme sports
Professional Group
(In order of size)
Hobbyists
Athletes
Documentary Makers
Freelancers
Photographers

Market Size
Niche Name
Speciality Mag



Ad cost per reader
Sand boarding
Sandboarding Magazine




Rock climbing
Urbanclimbingmag.com
  • Reach: 0.00019
  • Global Traffic rank: 871, 156
  • US Traffic rank: 274,0668
  • 8 years old


    • 91% of visits from US
    • 35% are refer by Search engine
    • Visitors spend +- 2 min per visit and 54 sec per page view



Rockandice.com
    • Reach: 0.0017
    • Global traffic rating: 89, 095
    • US rating: 24 984
    • Sites LinkedIn: 488

    • Appeals more to people who browse from
    Work
    • Audience consist of college graduates earning $30,000-$100,000 who have children.
    • 41% of isitors view only One page
    • Good traffic rating in Faisalabad city
    • 48% of visitors are from the US.



Rockclimbing.com
    • Reach:0.00274 (+25%)
    • Global: 54, 167
    • US : 22, 449
    • Sites linked: 613
    • Online for 14 years

    • 46% of visitors come from the US
    • Popular in South Africa*
    • Users under 35 (most 18-24)
    • Appeals to more childless, moderately educated men from work
    • Earn: $30, 000-$60, 000
    • 35.8% bounce
    • Avg. 6.7 page views
    • Woman with no college & men with college
    • 55% traffic from google, 15.4 from FB

Outdoor Photography
Outdoorphotographer.com

    • Reach: 3.25 (-9%)
    • Global:65, 740
    • US: 23, 474
    • Sites Linked: 643


    • 3.3 page views per viewer
    • 46% bounce
    • Avg. 3.5 min on site
    • Woman age 18-24
    • Men aged 55-64
    • No college

Outdoor Photo

    • Reach: 7.8333 (+154%)
    • Global: 73, 550
    • SA: 526
    • Sites Linked: 89

    • 71% of audience located in South Africa
    • 14% visits from search engine
    • Located in SA
    • Equally male and female
    • Browse from home
    • Not college graduates
    • Woman 18-24
    • Men:45-54 (majority)
Adventure Racing
adventureworldmagazine.com

    • Reach: 0.00002
    • Global traffic rank: 5,060,115
    • US rating: None
    • Sites linked in: 9

No reviews Yet
Aggressive Inline Skating
be-mag.com

    • Reach: 0.00158(+36%)
    • Global Rating: 93, 449
    • US rating: 24 460
    • Sites linked in: 146
    • 12 years old

    • 41 seconds per page
    • Average of 11 minutes on site each visit
    • Users under 25 years
    • Predominantly childless men
    • Earn $30,000- $60,000
    • No post-graduation

Aggressivemall.com

    • Reach:0.0056 (+5%)
    • Global traffic: 268,836
    • US traffic ranking:85,023
    • Sites linked in: 106

    • Visitors view 4.7 unique pages
    • Good traffic in São Bernado do Campo, Knoxville and South Bend Cities
    • Company US based

Aggressive.com

    • Reach: 0.00004 (+50%)
    • Global traffic ranking: 2,728,176
    • US traffic ranking: none
    • Sites Linked in: 132


    • 50% of visitors are bouncers (view one page)
    • Fraction of visitors from search engines is 7%
    • Located in USA
    •  

Skates.com

    • Reach: 0.00097 (+6%)
    • Global traffic: 172, 130
    • US traffic: 54, 127
    • Linked Sites: 183
    • 15 years old

    • Average age under 45
    • Mostly moderately educated woman
    • Earn $30, 000-$100, 000
    • Have children
    • Browse from home
    • 41% of viewers Bounce
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          Je vous propose        

un pas à pas d'une aquarelle anecdotique;
Une sorte de petit exercice de carnet de voyages.

Si mes souvenirs sont bons,
j'avais pris cette photo dans une petite rue de Ramatuelle.
Lorsque je me promène mon regard vagabonde...

Tout de même pas jusqu'à pousser les portes laissées entrouvertes !
Quoique...

Mais suffisamment pour en faire un sujet d'aquarelle.

J'aime beaucoup les crépis "décrépis" et les peintures écaillées.

"La porte du 15 est restée ouverte"

2009_07_01___ste_maxime_et_mariage_de_thomas_et_de_camille__91_

Pour faire un pas à pas,
je vous propose de faire le dessin à main levée,
ici plutôt facile !
 ou de photocopier le  dessin ci-dessous sans couleur,
(format A4)
et en partant de votre photocopie de le reproduire sur un papier aquarelle;

(calque ou par transparence contre une vitre...)

Ensuite vous suivez les étapes ci-dessous les unes après les autres...

Une aquarelle avec trois couleurs, toute simple;
Voici mon dessin de départ :

P1000794
Et voici les trois couleurs utilisées :
Terre de Sienne naturelle, Bleu Indigo et Caput Mortum
(vous pouvez apporter des variantes...)

Pour les stagiaires qui connaissent un peu ma façon de faire,

commencer par faire des jus.
Pour les personnes qui n'ont pas assisté à mes stages,
il convient de mélanger sur la palette les tons entre eux
avec plus ou moins d'eau en fonction des besoins du sujet.

P1000820

Bien évidemment, il faut varier les jus :

un jus avec plus ou moins de bleu, un jus avec plus ou moins de Caput Mortum
Vous obtiendrez un gris un peu "terre" avec + de Caput .M. ou plus froid avec + de bleu.

Même chose pour les jus Terre de Sienne naturelle + Caput Mortum...
Observez la photo au début du post pour analyser les tons.

Allez c'est parti !
Avec de la gomme à masquer je protège le "15"

J'utilise le petit gris pour poser mes jus d'ambiance
et ensuite j'utiliserai une brosse plate n°6 ou 8 (Galaxy chez Manet)
puis un pinceau classique n°6 même marque.

D'abord je mouille toute la feuille copieusement en préservant la porte.

P1000795

Puis je pose des jus clairs d'abord, Terre de S.Naturelle pur, puis Caput Mortum pur,
puis un mélange des deux par endroit.

P1000796

Les trois photos suivantes vous montrent la progression des pigments posés
pendant tout le temps que dure l'humidité de mon papier.

Au fur et à mesure du séchage, les photos brillent de moins en moins.

P1000797

P1000798

P1000799

Sur cette photo, on voit bien que le papier commence à sécher, les pigments fusent moins,
et en même temps, je les densifie davantage autrement dit je les épaissis.
Attention! parfois le séchage n'est pas régulier, c'est le cas ici
le papier est presque sec en bas et très "frais" en haut de la porte.

Je termine de sécher au séchoir.

Je vais pouvoir travailler l'ombre de l'intérieur de la maison (avec la brosse plate)
en variant les tons et les intensités.

P1000800

Avec le même jus j'accentue un peu les marches devant

P1000801

puis le petit pinceau me permet de revenir sur le contour des pierres par endroits,
pour en accentuer un peu le dessin.
Ne recouvrez pas tout votre jus d'ambiance...

P1000802

Les vitres de l'impost maintenant,

P1000803

Je force pour l'ombre sous les pierres arrondies,
et je délimite un peu plus les pierres des côtés de la porte.

P1000806

Il faut maintenant s'occuper de la porte en bois, ombres et moulures.

P1000807

 

P1000808

P1000809-002

Avant de tirer ma couleur pour l'ombre de la porte,
je vous la montre afin que vous jugiez de son intensité

P1000809-001

Puis je viens poser avec la brosse plate les moulures plus fortes,
les interstices des planches sur la toute petite porte de gauche.

Ainsi que certaines moulures de la grande porte.
(toujours du bout de la brosse plate)

 

P1000811

 

P1000812

Avant quelques petites retouches des pierres de l'escalier,
 une petite mauvaise herbe dans les marches,
je peins le support du 15 avec une pointe de bleu outremer,
j'enlève la gomme à masquer.

 

P1000813

Voilà, plus qu'à fermer la porte maintenant !

 

P1000819

 

P1000817
Alors pendant vos promenandes, capturez ces petites anecdotes,
une porte ouverte ou fermée!, une fenêtre, une barrière, une lanterne,
un viei escalier,un vieux mur...
et alors pourquoi pas un carnet de voyages !

P1080799

Rappel :
Les stages se déroulent chez Dalbe à Tours-Nord
les 25.26.27 Avril et 11.12.13 Juillet

et chez moi les 30.31 Mai (me contacter)

Technique sur papier humide et sur papier sec,
Une aquarelle par jour...
La progression vers la maitrise des techniques se fait jour après jour;
je peins en même temps que vous en vous transmettant les bonnes bases de l'aquarelle

avec une touche de rigueur et beaucoup de plaisir !
Je vous donne des clée (et des p'tits trucs) pour vous permettre
de mieux vous amuser par la suite...

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


          La Gazette des jardins n°100        
N° 100 de La Gazette des Jardins, que du bonheur pour tous les amoureux du jardin bio, d'échanges de "trucs" et tours de main et de récup: le tout offrant au final un beau et bon jardin ! Vous m'y retrouverez rubrique les vagabondages de Floradiane, avec [...]
          La disparition de Frédéric Bazin        


 Photos ci-dessus: en juin 2007, Frédéric Bazin propose une exposition sur la presse underground à la Bfm de Limoges, lors de mon festival "Revues et bla bla bla"

En 2006, Frédéric propose un stand de la librairie Livresse au Pavillon du Verdurier, dans le même cadre


Un grand ami s'en est allé.

Je le connaissais depuis le début des années 1980, depuis qu'il avait encouragé ma revue littéraire naissante, Analogie. Et notre amitié, fidèle, était discrète. Il m'a finalement plus prouvé la sienne que moi la mienne...
Frédéric avait créé la librairie de livres anciens Livresse, qui voyagea de Limoges à Brive en passant par Feytiat. J'y trouvais régulièrement mon bonheur.
Frédéric était aussi l'âme du salon du livre ancien de Limoges - à l'occasion duquel je l'ai vu pour la dernière fois à la Toussaint 2015. Il y a trop longtemps, avant que le crabe accomplisse son oeuvre dévastatrice. J'aimais y vagabonder, y découvrir des merveilles, y rencontrer des amis.
L'un de nos meilleurs moments aura sans doute été son invitation à dédicacer dans sa librairie briviste mon essai L'ivresse des rimes. "Tu comprends, dans ma librairie Livresse, je ne pouvais pas faire autrement". Nous avions beaucoup parlé, il s'était un peu livré et puis, en fin d'après-midi, nous avions partagé un vin de Bourgogne qu'il avait débouché pour la circonstance...
A partir d'aujourd'hui, il reposera dans la terre du Lot, et je ne l'oublierai jamais.



          Africa's mixed political transitions in the 3 Gs: Gabon, the Gambia, and Ghana        

The investment case for Africa is predicated on standards of governance improving. Unsurprisingly there is considerable variability in performance across the continent, nevertheless the general trend is toward gradual improvement and that is a very positive development. The recovery in commodity prices is an additional positive development from an investment perspective.


          Old american music - "The" from Y to R        
itunes pic

Photo-->> The Cotton Pickers v- Billy Jones

01. YOU TELL HER I STUTTER, The Cotton Pickers v-Billy Jones
02. YOU'RE THE ONE, The Spiders
03. YOU'RE MINE, The Crickets
04. YOU LEFT ME TO CRY, The Lonesome Pine Fiddlers
05. YOU CAN'T MAKE MONEY DREAMIN', The King Cole Trio
06. YIP DE HOOTIE MY BABY SAID YES, The Phil Moore Four
07. WIMOWEH, The Weavers
08. WONDER WHERE MY BABY'S GONE, The Clovers
09. WABASH BLUES, The Columbians
10. UP JUMPED THE DEVIL, The Saddle Kings
11. THIS THING CALLED LOVE, The Alley Cats
12. THEM THERE EYES, The Kansas City Six
13. THE MARTINS AND THE COYS, The Chicago Rythym Kings
14. THE LITTLE RED CABOOSE, The Pickard Family
15. THE PERFECT SONG, The Madcaps
16. THE MAN I LOVE, The King Cole Ttrio
17. THE LIGHT TURNED RED, The Korn Kobblers
18. THAT OLD FEELING, The Capitol Jazzmen v-Peggy Lee
19. THAT'S MY DESIRE, The Spiders
20. THATS WHY YOU LEFT ME SO BLUE, The Lonesome Pine Fiddlers
21. THE BALLAD OF DAVY CROCKETT, The Rythymaires
22. THE DEVILS DREAM, The Massey Brothers
23. THE DICKEY BIRD SONG, The Del Trio
24. THAT BANJO RAG, The Banjo Kings
25. SWING YOUR GAL, The Honky Tonks
26. SWING LOW SWEET CHARIOT, The Vagabonds
27. SWANEE RIVER BOOGIE, The Commodores
28. SUGAR COATED LEMON, The Diamond Brothers
29. SUGAR, The Capitol Jazzmen
30. SPANG-A-LANG, The Alley Cats
31. SOPHISTICATED BLUES, The Sepia Tones
32. SOMEDAY SWEETHEART, The Capitol Jazzmen
33. SERUTAN YOB, The Unnatural Seven
34. SERENADE, The Madcaps
35. SECOND HAND LOVE, The Whispering Pianist
36. SARAH JANE, The Chicago Rythym Kings
37. ROMANCE IN THE DARK, The Diamonds
38. ROCK ISLAND LINE, The Lonnie Donegan Skiffle Group
39. RECEDA BLISTER, The Jones Boys


          Ang Kontrabidang si Perky at ang Naimbyernang si Juanita Paula        
Ito ay isang maikling-kwento tumatalakay sa buhay ng isang baklang sabik sa pagmamahal. Ang mga pangyayari at tauhan sa kwento ay pawang likhang-isip lamang ng sumulat at hindi hango sa tunay na buhay. Mahalagang basahin ang aking naunang post: “Ang ‘Etsus’ na Araw ni Juanita Paula” upang higit na maunawaan ang takbo ng kwento.

Sabado noon. Maagang gumising ang magkakapatid na Andrew, Roy at Perky. Nangako ang kanilang inang si Aling Kirsty na ipapasyal sila nito sa ‘perya’ mamayang gabi kung magiging mabait sila at tatapusin ng maaga ang mga gawaing-bahay. Sabik na sabik ang magkakapatid dahil kapag sabado at linggo lamang sila nakakapamasyal sa labas. Mula Lunes hanggang Byernes ay abala ang kanilang nanay sa pagtitinda. Katulong nito ang magkapatid na Andrew at Roy na salit-salitang nagbabantay sa tindahan habang si Perky na noo’y pitong taong gulang pa lamang ay sige naman ang laro, bakasyon kasi sa eskwela. Mahal na mahal ng Inang si Aling Kirsty ang anak na bunso kung kaya’t hindi ito pinapagawa ng mga gawaing bahay. Katwiran nito’y masyado pang bata ang bunsong anak para danasin ang hirap ng buhay. Pero nang araw na iyon ay makikitang tumutulong si Perky sa kanyang kuya Andrew at Roy. Gamit ang maliit na basahan ay abala ang batang babae sa pagpupunas ng iba’t ibang pigurin na nakadisplay sa sala. Excited kasi si Perky na mag-‘perya’ sila. Siya nga ang humiling sa ina na pumunta sila doon. Ang ‘perya’ ay iyong parang munting karnibal na kakikitaan ng iba’t ibang mga pambatang sakayan o ‘rides’ at kung anu-anong klaseng laro gaya ng ‘color game’, ‘bingo’ at roleta. Kahapon kasing naglalaro si Perky ng ‘bahay-bahayan’ ay paulit-ulit itong ininggit ng kalaro nyang si Enteng na anak naman ng kapitbahay nilang si Mang Jim. Ang sabi ni Enteng ay marami na raw sakayan na makikita sa ‘perya’ kaya’t lalong nanabik na makapunta din doon si Perky. Maghapon niyang kinulit ng kinulit ang ina na magtungo sila roon at kalauna’y pumayag din ito. Hindi pa gaanong sibilisado ang lugar nila sa San Juan, Batangas subalit dinarayo ito ng mga ‘peryante’ kapag malapit na ang piyesta ng kanilang bayan.

Paggising ni Aling Kirsty ay nabungaran niya ang tatlong anak na abalang naglilinis. “O, ang aga nyo naman nagsigising mga anak!” bati nito.
“Siyempre po, Inay! Tatapusin po namin ang mga gawain kaagad para mamayang gabi ay pupunta tayo sa perya! Yehey!” tuwang-tuwang sabi ni Perky sa ina.
“Ah.. yun pala! Oo nga, nasabi ko pala kahapon.. O, e nag-almusal ba muna kayo?” tanong nito at dumiretso sa kusinang kanugnog lang ng kanilang sala.
"Opo Inay! Nagluto po ang kuya Andrew ng pritong itlog at hotdog saka nagsangag ng kanin.. kumain na po kami kanina.. " sagot naman ni Roy sa Ina.
“O syanga? Aba eh maaasahan talaga kayo mga anak.. Salamat Andrew sa pag-aasikaso mo sa dalawa mong kapatid…” wika nito.
“Wala pong anuman Inay. Nagtira po kami ng pagkain para sa inyo.. kain na rin po kayo dyan..” magiliw na sagot ng panganay ni Aling Kirsty. Palagay na ngayon ang loob nito sa ina at hindi na takot na tulad ng dati. Noon kasi ay palagi itong napapalo at napapagalitan pero noong isang linggo lamang ay sumulat si Andrew sa ina at sinabi rito ang saloobin kasabay ng pagbati dito ng ‘Happy Mother’s day’. Hindi malilimutan ni Andrew ang araw na iyon na siya na yatang pinakamasayang araw sa buhay nya. Nalaman nya mula sa ina kung gaano siya kamahal nito at simula noon ay naging maayos na ang pakikitungo nito sa kanya.
Matapos maglinis ay nagpahinga ang tatlong bata at nanuod ng t.v. Hinayaan lang sila ni Aling Kirsty at ito’y nagtungo na sa tindahan. Maya-maya ay lumapit sa tindahan si Ker, ang gwapong anak na binata ni Mang Dennis. Bumili ito ng ilang pirasong sigarilyo. “Aling Kirsty, bakit wala ho yata si Perky..” puna ng binata habang nagsisindi ng sigarilyo. Madalas kasi ay nadadatnan ni Ker sa tindahan ang bunsong anak ni Aling Kirsty at giliw na giliw ito sa bata dahil makulit ito. Tuwing bumibili si Ker ng ‘yosi’ ay awtomatikong iniaabot ni Perky ang lighter sa binata. Naging malapit na rin ang loob ng batang babae dito.
“Ah, oo, nasa loob at nanunuod ng tv..”
“Ah ganun po ba? Sabihin nyo ho ay napadaan ako. Pakibigay na rin ho itong mga ‘strawberries’.. bigay ho yan ni Mama, nanggaling kasi sa Baguio at kahapon lang bumalik..” anito sabay abot ng isang maliit na supot na may mga strawberries.
Tinanggap ni Aling Kirsty ang supot. “Ok, sige Ker.. salamat iho, nag-abala ka pa..”
“Sige ho, mauuna na ko..” anang binata at umalis na.
Hindi pa nagtatagal ay ang humahangos namang si Mang Mat ang dumating. Isa itong kubrador ng ‘huweteng’ at sa tuwina’y may dalang balita o di kaya nama’y ‘tsismis’.
“Aling Kirsty, tres-bente syete ho ang tumama! Tumama ho kayo ng apat na libong piso!” medyo hinihingal pang balita ng kubrador. Iniabot nito ang perang tinamaan ditto.
“Siyanga?! Talaga! Aba’y napakaswerte naman ng araw na ito!”  tuwang-tuwang sabi nito sabay sa pera.
“Oo, Aling Kirsty, dapat bigyan mo ako ng kaunting balato nyan!” sabi ni Mang Mat.
“Aba, oo naman! O ito..” inabutan ito ni Aling Kirsty ng dalawang daan. Tuwang-tuwa namang tinanggap iyon ni Mang Mat.
“Sayang nga ho Aling Kirsty, matagal na ring numero iyon ni Juanita Paula. Kung andito ho sana siya ay malamang may panalo rin siya ngayon..” naiiling na wika ni Mang Mat na ang tinutukoy ay ang tsismosang baklang kapitbahay nina Aling Kirsty, noong isang Sabado ay dinala ito sa ospital at ang balita’y nabugbog ng ama pero kung anong dahilan ay hindi nila alam.. “dangan kasi ay hindi pa raw nakakalabas ng ospital.. pero nakausap ko si Aling Arra dyan sa kabila at ang sabi’y mabuti na raw ang kalagayan. Mga dalawang araw pa raw at palabas ng ospital.. grabe pala talaga magalit ang ama ni Juanita at nabugbog nang husto anak  eh balita ko ay ngayon lang ulit sila nagkita sa loob ng mahabang panahon. Siguro ay may ginawang malaking kasalanan si Juanita, ano sa tingin mo Aling Kirsty?..” mahabang daldal ng kubrador.
“Naku, hindi ko rin alam Mat.. mabuti naman at lalabas na pala siya sa ospital. Nakakapanglaw din kapag wala iyang baklang si Juanita at walang maingay dito samin eh!” nakangiting sabi ni Aling Kirsty. Wala talaga silang ideya kung ano ang nangyari.
“O siya, maiwan ko muna kayo Aling Kirsty at hahabol pa ako sa huling bola” paalam ni Mang Mat.
Masayang-masaya naman ang mga anak ni Aling Kirsty. Natuloy ang pagpunta nila sa ‘perya’ ng gabing iyon. Galante ang nanay ni Perky dahil malaki rin ang napanalunan nito sa Huweteng. Lahat halos ng ‘rides’ ay nasakyan nilang magkakapatid nang gabing iyon. Kinabukasan ay panay ang kwento ng batang si Perky sa anak ni Mang Jim na si Enteng tungkol sa mga ginawa nila sa ‘perya’. Inggit na inggit naman si Enteng dahil nalamangan ito ni Perky.
Lumipas ang dalawang araw hanggang sa tuluyan na ngang gumaling ang baklang si Juanita Paula at pinayagan na ng doktor na umuwi ng bahay. Nakita nina Andrew, Roy at Perky nang dumating ito kasama ang mga magulang na sina Aling Arra at Mang Gaspar. Halatang medyo mahina pa ang tsismosang-kapitbahay. Napatingin si Juanita kay Andrew at nagtama ang mata ng dalawa. Nag-iwas agad ng paningin ang batang si Andrew at kaagad binalingan ang dalawang kapatid at ipinaalalang tumahimik at huwag babanggitin sa ina nila ang nangyari noong isang linggo. Para namang nakakaunawang tumango sina Roy at Perky.

Mula nang dumating buhat sa ospital si Juanita Paula ay hindi na ito madalas nakikita ng magkakapatid kaya medyo nagtataka na ang bunsong anak ni Aling Kirsty.
“Inay, bakit po kaya hindi ko nakikita ang ate Juanita?” tanong ni Perky sa ina. Nasa loob sila noon ng tindahan at nagmemeryenda ng bagong lutong bananaque.
“Bakit anak, namimiss mo na ba ang ate Juanita mo? Nakausap ko kahapon si Aling Arra, yung ina ni Juanita.. medyo masakit pa raw ang katawan ng ate Juanita mo kaya hindi pa naglalalabas ng bahay..” anito.
“Ah, ganun po ba ‘Nay.. tara ‘Nay dalaw tayo sa tapat.. baka mas mabilis gumaling si ate Juanita pag dinalaw natin siya..” wika ni Perky sa ina, pero sa loob-loob niya ay hindi kalianman niya mamimiss ang tsismosang kapitbahay. Gusto lang niya itong inisin para makaganti sa ginawa nito sa kapatid na si Andrew. Nasa tindahan din nang mga sandaling iyon ang dalawa niyang kuya na sina Andrew at Roy.
“Okay, sige anak.. sige tapusin mo na yang kinakain mo at pupunta tayo saglit sa kanila.. Roy, Andrew, kayo muna ang magbabantay dito sa tindahan ha” baling ni aling kirsty sa dalawa.
“Opo ‘Nay!” halos magkapanabay na sagot nina Andrew at Roy pero ang una ay diretsong nakatingin sa bunsong kapatid na babae at parang may gustong ipahiwatig. Nakuha naman ni Perky ang mensahe ng kapatid. Alam niyang nag-aalala ito na baka malaman ng nanay nila ang nangyari kaya kinindatan niya ang panganay na kapatid para hindi ito mag-alala. Nakahinga nang maluwag si Andrew. Alam niyang matalino ang kapatid na bunso at marunong itong sumunod sa napag-usapan.
Pagkatapos makapagmeryenda ay sinamahan ni Aling Kirsty ang anak na bunso patungo sa bahay nina Juanita. Nagdala pa ang ginang ng 3 tuhog na ‘bananaque’ para ibigay sa mga ito. Pinatuloy sila ni Aling Arra at sinamahan papasok ng kwarto ng baklang kapitbahay nina Perky. Nadaanan pa nila sa sala ang ama nitong si Mang Gaspar at tinanguan sila.
“Juanita, may naghahanap sa yo..” anunsyo ni Aling Arra habang papasok ng kwarto nito kasunod sina Aling Kirsty at Perky.
Nakahiga ang baklang si Juanita at nagbabasa ng magazine pero biglang napaupo matapos mapagsino ang mga bisita.
“O.. Aling Kirsty.. na..nadalaw ho..ho kayo..” medyo nabubulol pang sabi nito. Kahit alam niyang walang sinumang pinagsabihan ang mga magulang niya tungkol sa  ginawa niyang kapangahasan sa panganay na kapatid ni Perky ay hindi naman niya sigurado kung ikinuwento ng mga bata sa ina ang nangyari.
“Ah oo.. nag-aya kasi itong si Perky na pumunta dito sa inyo.. namimiss ka na siguro ng batang yan.. matagal ka na rin kasing hindi nagagawi sa tindahan..” sagot naman nito.
“Parang takot na takot kang makita kami ate Juanita.. totoo po un.. namimiss na kita!” sabi ng batang si Perky sabay hampas sa may hita ng tsismosang kapitbahay. Ang pagkakahampas niya ay pabiro na parang nagigiliw lamang sa paningin nina Aling Arra at Aling Kirsty pero may diin un at nasaktan si Juanita.
“Aw.. aray Perky.. medyo may pasa pa ako dyan.. “ nakangiwing sabi nito.
“Ay sorry po.. ate Juanita.. natutuwa lang po ako sa inyo..” ani Perky at hinimas ang bahaging hinampas niya kanina pero ang himas niya ay madiin din kaya lalong napangiwi ang bakla.
“Ah.. etsus nitong batang ito.. tama na .. tama na.. ok na ko.. “ pabulong na sabi ni Juanita na nakairap kay Perky at hinawi ang kamay nito.
“Ate Juanita galit ka ba sa kin?..  di ba dapat ako ang magalit sa yo dahil may kasalanan ka sa min lalo na sa kuya Andrew ko..” ani Perky na ngiting-ngiti kay Juanita samantalang ang bakla ay hindi mapakali at kulang na lang ay takpan ang bibig nito, dangan nga lang at kasama nito ang ina..
“Bakit anak, anong kasalanan ng ate Juanita mo?” untag ni Aling Kirsty.
Tumingin si Perky sa ina pagkatapos ay kay Juanita Paula at kitang-kita niyang parang namumutla ito. “Di ba sabi mo sa min nina kuya sasamahan mo kami sa ‘perya’ pero bigla ka na lang nagkasakit. Ang bad bad mo!” ani Perky kay Juanita, hinampas ulit nito ang tuhod ng baklang kapitbahay at saka humagikgik. Ang totoo ay nilalansi lamang niya ang mga ito. Gusto lang niyang lalong manggalaiti ang baklang kapitbahay. 
“Ay oo nga pala noh! .. Sorry Perky ha.. pakisabi rin sa dalawa mong kuya na sorry kasi bigla akong nagkasakit..” Nakahinga nang maluwag si Juanita, akala niya ay ibubuko na siya ng bata.
“Okay lang ate, eto oh, dinalhan ka namin ni Inay ng bananaque para gumaling ka na.. aling Arra, kuha rin po kayo at bigyan nyo rin po si Mang Gaspar” ani Perky at iniabot sa ina ni Juanita ang supot ng babanaque.
“Salamat Perky..mabait pa lang bata itong anak mo Arra” sabi nito sa inay niya.
“Ay naku, sinabi mo pa.. mababait ang tatlo kong anak bukod pa sa matalino, lalo na itong si Perky..” may pagmamalaking sagot ng nanay niya. Huling-huli ni Perky ang biglang pag-irap ni Juanita Paula.
“Naku, oho Aling Arra, super talino ho niyang si Perky, grabe nga ho eh!” malanding sabi ng bakla na ikinabungisngis naman niya.
“O Pano Mare, uuwi na kami.. “ wika ng nanay ni Perky kay Aling Arra..”Juanita, pag magaling ka na dalaw ka sa bahay ha!” dagdag pa nito.
“Oho, sige po.. salamat ho sa pagdalaw..” sabi ng baklang si Juanita at muling nahiga sa kama. Lumabas na ng kwarto si Aling Arra kasunod si Aling Kirsty. Pero bago tuluyang lumabas si Perky ay mabilis nitong kinurot ang tuhod ni Juanita. “Maldita ka!” halos pabulong na sabi ng baklang kapitbahay sa palabas na si Perky. Nilingon naman ito ng bata at binelatan. Naiwang mag-isa ang napipikong si  Juanita Paula. Samantala, pagdating ng bahay ay ikinuwento ni Perky sa dalawang kapatid ang nangyari at tawa ng tawa ang dalawa.
Lumipas pa ang halos isang linggo at malakas na ulit ang baklang si Juanita Paula. Palagi na itong makikitang umaalis sa umaga kasama ng kaibigan nitong si Khim at gabi na kung umuwi. Babaeng-babae ang ayos ng dalawa at mukhang tanggap na ng mga magulang ni Juanita ang pagiging ‘bakla’ nito. Narinig ni Perky mula kay Aling Arra na ‘rumaraket’ daw ang magkaibigan at nagme-‘make-up’ sa isang parlor sa bayan nang minsang magkakwentuhan nito ang kanyang ina sa may tindahan. Inimbitahan pa sila nito na dumalo sa kaarawan ni Juanita sa darating na linggo na gaganapin sa kanilang bahay. Nangako ang kanyang Inay na pupunta sila. Ngayon pa lang ang nag-iisip na ang matalinong si Perky kung pano niya iinisin ang tsismosang kapitbahay.
Nang dumating ang kaarawan ni Juanita ay maaga itong gumising upang maghanda gayong alas-tres pa naman ng hapon ang simula ng pagdiriwang. Inilatag niya sa kama ang kanyang pulang gown. Ang nasabing gown ay ipinahiram pa sa kanya ng manager ng parlor na si Jethro. Bagong gawa raw iyon at pandagdag sa koleksyon ng pinaparentahang saya ng manager pero dahil kaarawan niya ay siya ang pinakaunang magsusuot niyon at libre pa. Nagpasalamat nang husto si Juanita dito. Inilapag na rin niya ang kanyang mamahaling ‘panty’ at ‘bra’ gayundin ang gagamiting ‘sandals’ at ‘make-up’ mamayang hapon. Tuwang-tuwa si Juanita Paula at nanaog upang tulungan ang ina na kagabi pa abala sa paghahanda ng mga lulutuin. Kagabi ay gumawa ito ng kalamay, puto at suman, ‘lecheplan’, buko salad at ‘jelatin’. Ngayong araw naman ito nakaplanong magluto ng ‘spaghetti’, pansit, ‘pinaltok’ at barbeque. Gusto raw kasi nitong bumawi kay Juanita dahil ilan kaarawan din nito ang hindi nasaksikan ng ginang sapagkat magkalayo sila. Katulong din si Mang Gaspar sa pagluluto.
“Happy birthday, anak!” nakangiting bati ni Aling Arra kay Juanita pagkakita dito.  Napayakap sa galak si Juanita sa Ina.. “Salamat po Nay!”
“Happy birthday Juanita..” wika naman ni Mang Gaspar bagamat hindi nakatingin sa kanya at patuloy sa paghihiwa ng sibuyas.
“Thank you, Itay..” bagamat medyo alangan pa rin sa ama ay lihim na natuwa ang bakla sapagkat ngayon lang niya narinig na tinawag siya nito sa pangalang ‘Juanita’.
“Ano pong maitutulong ko ‘Nay.. hihiwain na rin po ba ngayon itong mga carrots?”
“Ay naku wag na anak, madudumihan ka pa.. saka kaarawan mo ngayon, mabuti pa ay maligo ka na at magsimba, kami na ng tatay mo ang bahala dito sa kusina..” saway ni Aling Arra sa kanya, pakiramdam ni Juanita ay parang bata siya ngayon dahil sa pag-aasikaso ng ina.
“Sigurado po kayo ‘Nay?” tanong niya.
“Oo anak.. sige na dali at nang maaga kang makabalik.”
Tumalima naman si Juanita sa sinabi ng ina. Noon din ay naligo siya at nagbihis ng magandang panlakad. Hindi muna niya isinuot ang gown.  Bago umalis ay nagpaalam siya sa magulang. Paglabas niya ng bahay ay nasalubong niya ang magkapatid na Perky at Roy na may dalang labindalawang lobo

“Ate Juanita, Happy birthday po! Nagdala kami ng lobo, pinabibigay po ni Inay. Isama nyo raw po sa mga dekorasyon nyo para sa ‘party’ mamaya…” bati ni Perky dito.
“Happy birthday ate Juanita..” bati rin ni Roy.
“Salamat Roy..” anitong halatang gustong ‘okrayin’ ang batang si Perky kaya hindi ito pinansin. Naiinis pa rin kasi ito sa bunsong anak ni Aling Kirsty dahil sa ginawa nito noon. Pakipasok nyo na lang sa loob, andun sina  nanay at tatay…pakisabi sa nanay nyo na salamat..”
“Ate Juanita sorry nga po pala sa nangyari dati.. hindi ko na po uulitin promise!” nakangiting wika ni Perky at itinaas pa ang kanang kamay na parang nanunumpa.
“Asus.. totoo ba yan o etsus lang?” nakapamewang na sabi ng baklang si Juanita.
“Totoo po ate, alam nyo ate, ang ganda-ganda nyo po ngayon… “ pang-uuto pa nito sa tsismosang kapitbahay.
“Talaga?!! Inookray mo lang yata ako eh..” pumipikit-pikit pa ang mata ni Juanita at ‘feel na feel’ nito ang mag-ala-“Diyosa’.
Siniko naman ni Perky ang kapatid na si Roy para sumang-ayon.
“Ah.. eh.. oo nga ang ganda nyo ngayon ate!” banat ni Roy.
“Hmm… sige na nga, patatawarin na kita Perky.. basta wag mo na lang ulit uulitin ha… “ ani Juanita at ibinaba nito ang kamay ni Perky na nooy nakataas pa rin.
“Bongga!.. salamat ate Juanita!” kinindatan ito ni Perky. Sakay na sakay naman ang baklang si Juanita sa pang-uuto nito. Saglit lang ay gumaan na ulit ang loob nito sa bata.
“O siya, maiwan ko muna kayo at punta ko sa simbahan.. basta mamaya ay wag kayong mawawala ha.. maraming inihandang pagkain si nanay..” anito at nagsimula nang lumakad palayo.
“Salamat ate..” ani Perky rito.
Pagpasok sa loob ng bahay nina Juanita ay dumirestso ang magkapatid sa kusina.
“Hello po Aling Arra, Mang Gaspar. pinatuloy po kami ni Ate Juanita dito, ibigay raw po namin sa inyo itong mga lobo na bigay ng inay.. mamaya daw po aayusin ni ate Juanita pagbalik niya..”
“Ah, siyanga.. naku pakisabi kay Mareng Kirsty salamat.. teka, sandali at maghuhugas lang ako ng kamay pagkatapos ay samahan nyo ako sa kwarto ng ate Juanita nyo at doon muna natin ilagay yang mga lobo..”
“Sige po.. “ halos panabay na sagot ng magkapatid.
Pagpasok sa kwarto ay natambad kina Perky ang gown na isusuot ni Juanita. “Ang ganda-ganda!” sabi ni Perky.. “bigay nyo po ba sa kanya yan Aling Arra?” tanong nito sa ina ni Juanita.
“Ay hindi iha.. pinahiram lang sa kanya yan ng amo niya sa ‘parlor’..”  sabi ng matanda at nagsimulang itali sa may bintana ang mga lobo.
“Ah.. ganun po ba?.. Aling Arra, mukhang abala po kayo sa pagluluto, kami na lang po ni kuya Roy ang magtatali nito.. aalis na rin po kami pagkatapos.. madali lang naman po itong gawin..” ani Perky at sinimulang itali ang lobo.
“Naku napakabait mo talaga Perky..o siya, sige, maiwan ko muna kayo ha.. medyo marami nga akong gagayating panrekado eh“  Kakamot-kamot sa ulong sabi nito
“opo..” anang dalawa.
Pagkalabas ni Aling Arra ay iniabot ni Perky sa kapatid ang mga hawak na lobo.. “Kuya, ikaw muna magtali nito at may gagawin lang ako..” pabulong na sabi nito kay Roy.
“Ano na naman yang naiisip mo Perky..” tanong nito sa bunsong kapatid. Pero sa halip na sagutin ang tanong ng kanyang kuya Roy ay kinuha ni Perky ang gunting na nasa may tokador at ginupit ang dalawang utong ng ‘bra’ na nakalatag sa kama.
“Perky! Anong ginagawa mo?” pabulong pero nag-aalalang tanong ng kapatid.
“Ssssh.. kuya, wag kang maingay dyan at baka may makarinig satin.. bilisan mo na ang pagtatali ng lobo at nang makaalis na tayo dito..” ani Perky sa kapatid. Sa takot na mahuli sila at mapagalitan ay tinapos kaagad ni Roy ang pagtatali. Pagkatapos ay nagpaalam na sila sa nanay ni Juanita Paula.

Matapos magsimba ay dinaanan ni Juanita Paula ang ipinagawang cake kay Mang Froy. Kilig na kilig pa ang bakla ng batiin siya ng ‘panadero’ at hipuan sa pwet. Pagdating ng bahay ay agad siyang dumiretso sa kusina at inilapag ang ‘cake’. Pagkatapos ay sinimulan na ni Juanita ang pag-aayos sa bakuran nila kung saan gaganapin ang pagtitipon. Kahapon ay kumuha ang kanyang itay ng mga palapa ng niyog at kawayan at gumawa ng tabing sa harap ng kanilang bakuran upang may mapagdausan ng salu-salo.

Katulong ang kaibigang si Khim ay naglagay sila ng 3 mahabang mesa na sinapinan nila ng magarang ‘mantel’. Inihanda na rin nila ang mga plato, platito, baso, kutsara at tinidor at saka binuhay ang ‘sound system’. Malakas ang tugtog at nakakaindak ang musika kaya bandang ala-una pa lang ng hapon ay isa-isa ng dumating ang mga bisita. Lahat ay may bitbit na regalo para kay Juanita. Hinayaan muna niya ang kanyang inay sa pag-istema sa bisita at dumiretso na siya sa kwarto upang magbihis. Laking gulat ng baklang kapitbahay nina Perky nang matuklasang butas ang dalawang utong ng bra na inihanda niya kanina. Pulang-pula si Juanita sa galit at may ideya na siya kung sino ang may kagagawan niyon subalit kelangan niyang magtimpi dahil ayaw niyang mag-eskandalo lalo pa’t kaarawan niya ngayon. Isa pa’y nariyan lang ang tatay niya at ayaw niyang mabugbog ulit nito. Kahit naiimbyerna si Juanita ay pinigilan niya ang sariling magwala nang mga sandaling iyon. Napaiyak na lamang siya sa inis dahil ang ‘bra’ na sana’y susuotin niya ay kinuha pa niya kay Misis Carol noong isang linggo at hindi pa niya nababayaran. Si Misis Carol ay kasamahan niya sa ‘parlor’ na nagnenegosyo ng pahulugang gamit, damit at alahas. Sa nangyari ay nagkasya na lamang siyang isuot ang luma niyang ‘bra’.
Sa kabila noon ay ganda-gandahan pa rin si Juanita Paula. Ang kasamahan niya sa ‘parlor’ na si Khim ang nag-‘make-up’ sa kanya. Paglabas niya ng bahay saktong alas-tres ng hapon ay halos sabay-sabay na napalingon kay Juanita ang mga bisitang naroroon. Lahat ay bumabati sa kanya ng happy birthday. Ang isa nilang kasamahan sa parlor ay nagsabi pa ng “bongga ka day!.. ang ganda mo.. charus!” at nagtawanan ang mga tao. Habang isa-isang nilalapitan ni Juanita Paula ang mga bisita upang magpasalamat sa pagdalo ng mga ito ay nahagip ng kanyang mga mata ang matagal ng ‘crush’. Biglang tumalon ang puso ng tsismosang kapitbhay nina Perky. Subalit ang kanyang kilig ay napalitan ng pagkainis nang makitang kausap ng guwapong binata ang bunsong anak na babae ni Aling Kirsty.
Lumapit si Juanita Paula sa dalawa… “hi..” malanding sabi ni Juanita kay Ker at halatang nagpapa-‘cute’ ito sa binata.
“Oh, hi Juanita! .. Happy birthday..” bati ni Ker.
“Thank you.. para sa kin ba yan?” tanong ng bakla sabay turo sa bulaklak na hawak ni Ker..
“Ay, sorry Juanita.. hindi para sa ‘yo to.. kay Perky ito eh.. pinahawakan lang sa kin..” hinging paumanhin ng binata dito.
“Ay opo ate Juanita dala ko po yan, para sa yo po yan..” magalang na sabi ni Perky sa may kaarawan.
“Hmp! .. di bale na lang.. alam ko namang pinitas mo lang yan sa hardin ni Mang Jim..” mataray na sabi nito.
“Ikaw naman Juanita, pasalamat ka nga at binibigyan ka ni Perky ng bulaklak.. nag-abala na yong bata, susungitan mo pa” sabad ni Ker. Para namang napahiya si Juanita.
“Sige, akin na nga yan..” kinuha ni Juanita ang rosas na hawak ni Ker, pero dahil pabigla ang pagkuha niya ay natusok ng tinik ang daliri nito.
“Aray!... “ anito. Sinadya ni Perky na hindi alisin ang tinik ng bulaklak kaya tatawa-tawa ito sa nangyari. Ang sama ng tingin ni Juanita kay Perky. “Tatawa-tawa ka pa dyang bata ka!” sabi ni Juanita. Bigla namang tumigil sa pagbungisngis si Perky at nagkunyaring naiiyak kaya nang tumingin si Ker sa bata ay  naawa ito.
“Juanita, hindi ka naman tinatawanan ni Perky ka, kita mo nga at naiiyak na siya.. wag ka na umiyak Perky.. hindi mo naman kasalanan..” ani Ker at hinagud-hagud ang likuran nya.
“Pasensya na kayo ate Juanita, hindi ko naman po gustong masugatan kayo.. gusto ko lang po kayong bigyan ng rosas dahil ‘birthday’ nyo..” ani Perky na medyo humihikbi.
“Juanita.. please.. wag mo ng paiyakin si Perky, sabihin mong okay ka lang, hindi ba, para tusok lang eh..” baling ni Ker.
“Etsus! Oo na, ok na..  sige Perky, wag ka na umiyak.. pasensya ka na, ako naman may kasalanan kaya di ko nakita yung tinik..” hinging-paumanhin nito.
“O siya Perky, halika na at kumuha na tayo ng pagkain baka nagugutom ka na.. “ aya ni Ker sa bata.. “o pa’no Juanita, maiwan ka muna namin ha..” paalam ni Ker..
Tumango lamang si Juanita kay Ker. Sa loob niya ay gigil na gigil siya sa batang si perky. Nang maglakad sina Ker at Perky para kumuha ng pagkain ay nakasunod pa rin ang tingin ni Juanita sa dalawa. Paglingon ni Perky ay bineletan niya baklang kapitbahay. Para namang hindi maipinta ang mukha nito.
Hindi sumama sa pagtitipon ang kapatid na panganay ni Perky na si Andrew. Nagdahilan itong masakit ang tiyan. Nauunawaan ni Perky ang kapatid kaya di na niya ito pinilit. Ang nanay niya at ang kanyang kuya Roy ay kasama niyang pumunta doon pero hindi niya matanaw ngayon. Ang alam niya ay pumasok ang mga ito sa bahay nina Juanita para tumulong kay Aling Arra sa pag-iistema ng ibang bisita dahil inako ng kanyang kuya Ker ang pagbabantay sa kanya.
Maya-maya pa ay napalitan ang maingay na musika ng isang malamyos na tugtugin. Nagsimulang pumunta sa gitna si Juanita Paula at ang mga kasamahan nito sa ‘parlor’. Matatapos na ang tugtog nang biglang dumating ang gwapong-gwapo si Daniel. Si Daniel ay kapatid ni Ker. May dala itong isang bungkos na bulaklak para sa baklang may kaarawan kaya naman pakiramdam ni Juanita ay ang haba-haba ng buhok niya ng araw na iyon. Sa isip niya, kahit na hindi napasakanya si Ker eh nandyan naman si Daniel at sapat na iyon para maging masaya siya sa birthday niya.

Habang kumakain ang mga panauhin ay nagsalita sa mikropono ang baklang kapitbahay ni Perky at pinasalamatan ang lahat ng naroroon. Umani ng masigabong palakpakan si Juanita matapos ang madrama nitong pananalita, pagkatapos ay tila prinsesa itong yumukod yukod sa mga tao. Samantala, si Perky naman ang hindi maipinta ang mukha. Nangiti ang bakla sa kanya kaya't lalo siyang nanggigil dito. Naisip ni Perky na panahon na para simulan niya ang huling plano.

Kumuha ang bata ng isang platong 'spaghetti' at nilagyan ng chili powder, pagkatapos ay hinalo iyon at binudburan ng keso. Kumuha rin siya ng coke pero ang basong pinaglagyan ay pinahiran niya ng 'chili oil'. Siniguro niyang hindi mahahalata iyon ng bakla. Nang handa na ang lahat ay inilagay niya ito sa isang tray at lumapit kay Daniel.

"Kuya Daniel, pakibigay mo naman itong pagkain kay ate Juanita. Tiyak na gutom na 'yon kasi kanina pang abala sa pag-aasikaso sa bisita.. matutuwa 'yon kung ikaw ang mag-aabot nito sa kanya"

"Oy, ang bait mo naman Peky!" nakangiting sabi ni Daniel dito. "O sige ako na ang bahala dito".


Habang papalayo si Daniel dala ang plato ng 'spaghetti' at isang baso ng 'coke' ay umalis na si Perky. Umuwi siya at dali-daling pinuntahan ang kanyang kuya Andrew upang ipaalam dito ang ginawa. Magkasabay ang dalawang tumungo sa bintana sa sala at palihim na tinanaw si Juanita Paula. Kitang-kita nila nang tuwang-tuwang abutin nito ang pagkaing ibinigay ni Daniel.

Nang simulan nitong kainin ang 'spaghetti' ay tila hindi maipinta ang mukha nito. Alam ni Perky kung gaano iyon kaanghang pero mukhang nagpipilit pa rin ang baklang si Juanita at tinitiis ang anghang upang maging kalmado sa harap ni Daniel. Maya-maya pa ay naging ngiting aso na ang kanina'y matamis nitong ngiti. Kinakausap ito ni Daniel na sa tingin ni Perky at Andrew ay tinatanong nito kung okey lang ang kanilang baklang kapitbahay kasi nakita nilang tumango ito at sumubo ulit ng 'spaghetti'. Saglit pa ay mukhang hindi na nito nakayanan ang anghang kaya uminom ng coke na lingid sa kaalaman nito ay maanghang din. Nabitiwan ni Juanita ang plato at baso at pulang-pula ang mukhang nagtatakbo ang bakla papasok sa bahay ng mga ito. Tawa naman ng tawa ang dalawang magkapatid sa nasaksihan habang naiwang nakatulala si Daniel na walang kamalay-malay na maanghang ang pagkaing ibinigay nito sa tsismosang kapitbahay nina Perky at Andrew. Sa wakas, nakaganti na rin sila!

          Música coral - 27/12/12        

H. DARKE: In the bleak midwinter. (4'29"). R. Joshua (sop.), I. Bostridge (ten.), Coro y Orquesta Academy Saint Martin in the Fields. Dir. N. Marriner. ANÓNIMO: Quelle est cette odeur agreable. (4'23"). Coro y Orquesta Academy Saint Martin in the Fields. Dir. N. Marriner. TRADICIONAL: Away in a manger, Fum fum fum, March of the kings. (6'21"). Coro y Orquesta sinfónicos de Atlanta. Dir. R. Shaw. P. DONOSTIA: Gabon. (3'40"). Coro de la Comunidad de Madrid. Dir. M. Groba. M. PRAETORIUS: Puer natus in Bethelehem. (5'52"). La Capella Ducale. Musica Fiata de Colonia. Dir. R. Wilson. W. DAVIES: The holly and the ivy. (3'23"). Coro de la Catedral de Westminster. Dir. J. O¿Donell. Z. KODALY: Ángeles y pastores. (3'53"). Coro Veraejapellon. Dir. J. Peraelahti. J. SANDSTROEM: Det aer en utsprungen. (6'13"). Coro de RTVE. Dir. J. Corcuera. E. POSTON: Jesus Christ the apple tree. (3'03"). Pro arte singers, Coro infantil de cámara de la Universidad de Indiana. Dir. P. Hillier, S. Swaney. F. POULENC: Motetes para el tiempo de navidad. (10'36"). Coro de Camara Accentus. Dir. L. Equilbey.


          ã€æœ€æ–°ç™¼è¡Œ/搶先聽】 Sweelinck, J.P.: Vocal Music (The Secular Vocal Works - Chansons, Italian Rimes and Madrigals, French Rimes)        
【專輯】 Sweelinck, J.P.: Vocal Music (The Secular Vocal Works - Chansons, Italian Rimes and Madrigals, French Rimes)
【藝人】 Harry van der Kamp
【音樂類型】 古典音樂
【發行日期】 2009-01-01
【專輯介紹】
目前暫無介紹
... (更多專輯資訊)
【完整曲目】
1. Susanne un jour d'amour sollicitee | 03:49
2. Tu as tout seul, Jan | 01:56
3. Plus tu cognois que je bruisle pour toy | 02:28
4. Regret, soucy et peine | 02:40
5. Regret, soucy et peine | 02:30
6. Jeune beaute, bon esprit, bonne grace | 02:16
7. Vostre amour est vagabonde | 03:19
8. Bouche de Coral precieux | 03:06
9. Bouche de Coral precieux (version with lute) | 04:07
10. Pourquoy tournez vous voz yeux gratieus de moy | 02:13
11. La belle que je sers | 01:38
12. L'Aubespin chasse tout malheur | 01:35
13. Quand je voy ma maistresse | 02:16
14. Je sens l'ardeur d'amour nouvelle | 01:45
15. Face donques qui voudra amour un petit ange | 03:35
16. Au mois de May que l'on saignoit la belle | 02:09
17. Je ne fay rien que requerir | 04:24
18. Je sens en moy une flamme nouvelle | 02:03
19. Tes beaux yeux causent mon amour | 02:50
20. Sus, je vous prie que l'on me donne | 01:40
21. Elle est a vous, douce maistresse | 04:13
22. Depuis le jour que je vous vei, maistresse | 02:15
23. Si j'ayme ou non, je n'en dis rien | 04:39
24. Chi vuol veder quantunque puo natura | 05:39
25. Garrula rondinella, che nel spuntar del die | 02:12
26. Morir non puo'l mio core | 03:26
27. Morir non puo'l mio core | 03:47
28. Liquide perle Amor da gli occhi sparse | 01:30
29. Liquide perle Amor dagl'occhi sparse | 01:43
30. Amor, io sent' un respirar si dolce | 02:21
31. Amor, io sent' un respirar si dolce | 02:35
32. Dolcissimo ben mio | 02:37
33. Dolcissimo ben mio, speme di questo core | 03:16
34. Per te rosa gentile | 02:31
35. Qual vive salamandra in fiamm'ardente | 01:47
36. Qual vive Salamandra in fiamma ardente | 02:23
37. Poi che voi non volete ch'io vi baci | 02:38
38. Vaga gioia amorosa, bocca bella, e pregiata | 02:00
39. Che giova posseder cittadi e regni | 03:15
40. Lascia Filli mia cara | 02:30
41. Hor che soave l'auri'n ogni canto | 01:55
42. Ma donna con quest' occhi | 01:49
43. Dolci labri amorosi portieri | 02:06
44. Facciam, cara mia File, un concento, una musica gentile | 02:35
45. Io mi son giovinetta | 01:47
46. Io mi son giovinetta, e volentieri | 02:50
47. Ricco amante son'io, per voi tesore mio | 01:55
48. Un sol bacio ti dono, ingrata | 02:27
49. Sponse musarum genus et sacerdos | 04:10
50. Sine cerere et Baccho friget Venus | 01:13
51. Un jour l'aveugle Amour | 03:55
52. Marchans qui traversez tout le rivage More | 04:29
53. Mon Dieu, que j'ayme ma Deesse | 04:19
54. Courante | 01:35
55. Yeux, qui guidez mon ame en l'amoureux voyage | 04:17
56. Rozette, pour un peu d'absence | 06:10
57. Marchans qui traversez tout le rivage More | 04:16
58. Voicy du gay Printemps l'heureux advenement | 04:16
59. Las! que me sert quand la douleur me blesse | 03:50
60. Volte | 01:11
61. Lors que le trait par vos yeux decoche | 03:33
62. Je voy mille clairtez et mille choses belles | 04:29
63. Volte (II) | 01:02
64. Beaux yeux, par qui l'Amour entretient sa puissance | 04:24
65. Je pars, non point de vous, mais de moy seulement | 03:38
66. Voicy du gay Printemps l'heureux advenement | 04:15
67. Mon Dieu, que j'ayme ma Deesse | 04:06
68. Volte (III) | 01:41
69. Jamais n'avoir et tousjours desirer | 02:36
70. Sine cerere et Baccho friget Venus (I) | 01:30

          >you were Aragorn        
>i called you Shakespeare, that’s roughlywhat your name translates to. we met in Munich for the weekend some time after dead end summer love ‘cos letters never bridged the winter. small village and you didn’t fit in, dreamer, vagabond and Tolkien fan, we sat talking books for hours,smoking Camel, walking barefoot,laughing summer into wings, glued […]
          White Sand, Blue Sea: A St. Barts Love Story        
White Sand, Blue Sea: A St. Barts Love Story
author: Anita Hughes
name: Christina
average rating: 3.06
book published:
rating: 3
read at: 2017/05/11
date added: 2017/05/26
shelves: adult-fiction, for-review, arc, beach-read
review:
Olivia is celebrating her twenty-fifth birthday with her family at their St. Barts vacation home. It's pretty much heaven there with its gorgeous views and perfect beach. To top it off, Olivia is expecting her boyfriend, Finn, to propose, which only makes her life even sweeter. All of her family is here, except for her vagabond father, Sebastian, who is an artist that travels the world. Olivia and her father don't have a relationship (she hasn't seen him for twenty years!), but she has always wondered about him. Her perfect calm world starts to have ripples in it when an unexpected visitor shows up knocking at the door. It's her father. Not only does his presence upset their family trip, it also makes Olivia start questioning things about her life. White Sand, Blue Sea by Anita Hughes is an enchanting and fluffy beach read. It's filled with family secrets and drama all set to the gorgeous backdrop of St. Barts.
Read my review here: http://www.confessionsofabookaddict.c...

          @CHIRPRADIO (Week of August 7)        

New Media

 

Top of the CHIRP Charts

1. Avey Tare – Eucalyptus (Captured Tracks)

2. Vince Staples – Big Fish Theory (ARTium/Blacksmith/Def Jam)

3. Peaking Lights – The Fifth State of Consciousness (Two Flowers)

Click here to see the complete list of 50 albums that made this week’s charts as well as new music recently added to CHIRP’s library.


          The Fourth Wall: Exit Through the Gift Shop        

Welcome to The Fourth Wall, CHIRP's weekly e-conversation on cinema. This week's subject is the 2010 documentary Exit Through the gift Shop.

This edition is written by CHIRP Radio volunteers Kevin Fullam and Clarence Ewing.

Kevin:

"I think the joke is on... I don’t know who the joke is on, really. I don’t even know if there is a joke."

Who's the arbiter of what constitutes "good" art? Or art, period? You, the reader, probably have better-formed opinions about tunes (this is a CHIRP Radio site, after all), but still, one person's trash is someone else's treasure. There are entire genres of music that I'm unable to digest, but I certainly don't believe that my tastes are any more or less highfalutin' than another's in this regard -- we simply form an immediate physical reaction to the beats and melodies that we hear. Keep in mind that my background in visual arts is pretty rudimentary, but I kinda think this medium works the same way? Most of us simply will know what we like when we see it. 

Enter the documentary Exit Through the Gift Shop, a project which originally began as a fly-on-the-wall snapshot of the world of street art by vagabond/vintage-clothing proprietor Thierry Guetta. It then later morphed into a profile of reclusive British graffiti wizard Banksy, but when Banksy couldn't make heads-or-tails of Guetta's finished product (Life Remote Control, which Banksy describes as "an hour and a half of unwatchable nightmare trailers"), Banksy decided to commandeer Guetta's tapes and take a stab at stitching together the film. 

The result? A profile of Guetta himself, who runs with Banksy's offhand suggestion of creating his own street art, and sinks his life savings into a gargantuan Los Angeles art exposition -- a warehouse populated with work that was "conceived" by Guetta but actually produced by artists he employed. While much of his "style" seems incredibly derivative (he's basically an Andy Warhol knockoff), Guetta's ability to generate interest creates the perception that this is cutting-edge art, and it sells like hotcakes to wildly-enthusiastic audiences... while Banksy and the street-art community are left horrified at the monster they've created. 

The last 15 minutes of Exit deliver a series of worthwhile payoffs and questions to ponder. What does it say about visual art, culture, and America, that a guy who seemingly is inept at basically everything* surrounding his chosen profession (he can't even manage his expo, and Banksy recruits some professionals to rescue the event at the 11th hour) can become such an overwhelming financial success? Thinking afterwards, I was struggling to come up with a musical analogy -- maybe The Monkees or Spice Girls, if none of them could sing a lick? However, pre-fab groups are the pawns of studios, whereas the artists creating the work were the pawns of Guetta. Hmm. Perhaps Vanilla Ice is a better example? In advance of his huge breakout, Guetta adopts the apt pseudonym "Mr. Brainwash," though he seems blissfully unaware of the meta implications. 

[*He also seems to be a bit of a deadbeat husband and parent, considering his lengthy meanderings around the world and self-described "free bird" approach to life.]

Clarence, what was your take on Guetta? Do you have any background in the world of visual arts, "street art" or otherwise? And what's your opinion of graffiti in general? I found myself struggling with the ethical questions surrounding even the work I enjoyed in the film; it is tampering with private property*, after all, and as much as I enjoyed some of the murals, I also have no desire to see my own home tagged. 

[*Word to the wise -- do not, I repeat, do not screw around on Walt Disney's turf.]

Clarence:

While I am by no means an expert, I do have some exposure to the visual art world. I've been attending summer art fairs and events like the annual EXPO Chicago for years, and I've got my list of art-related Web sites that I visit regularly. Also, my late sister Wanda Ewing was a successful contemporary artist and art professor in Omaha, NE. Watching her and her friends, I've found that successful artists: 

1) work harder than people in just about any other profession; 

2) have an unbelievable generosity of spirit in working with each other and their community; and, 

3) would create art even if no one paid any attention to them.

Visual artists from any city also tend to cluster into tight communities where everyone knows everyone else. They can spot frauds and fly-by-nights faster than anyone. No doubt Banksy and his friends have the same kind of camaraderie, made even more intense by the risky nature of their chosen medium. Trust isn't everything, but it is huge in that world.

This is the context I carried in with me watching ETTGS, which I also enjoyed. The question for Bansky, his fellow artists, and this movie's audience seems to boil down to, "Who is Thierry Guetta and why is he doing any of this?" He certainly seems like an interesting chap. He reminded me a lot of the main subject of the doc Man on Wire, all energy and enthusiasm that feels very...European? His back story suggests someone who found a passion as a result of unfortunate events in life, but by the end I was wondering how much of it was just him waiting for a chance to make a big score. Is he a phony, or just passionate? Or both? Does it even matter?

Some street art can be astonishingly beautiful. I especially like images that embed themselves into the environment, reacting to or commenting on the space in which they appear. Here's just one site that collects some excellent examples. I think Bansky and his contemporaries are truly brilliant in this regard. The thing about Guetta is how, when he started creating his own work, the bigness of it seemed to be more of a "look at me" vanity than a true pursuit of artistic expression.

On the other end of the spectrum, a lot of graffiti is just garbage from untalented people who are defacing property. Chicago is unique in its low tolerance for graffiti, which I think gives our city a uniquely unsullied look compared to New York and Los Angeles. This is fine with me. My general thinking is that if you want to doodle spray paint on something, do it on your own house.

I'm glad you brought up music, because the issue of authenticity or "being real" has been at the forefront of American pop music since the singer-songwriter dominance of the early '70s. The artifice of television has added another layer to it. But the equation that maps artistic authenticity and entertainment quality has so many subtleties to it you have to take things on a case-by-case basis. Even though the Monkees were formed as a cash-grab Beatles knockoff, those guys actually could make music. And while Robert Van Winkle is, well, who he is, the song that put Vanilla Ice on the map, "Ice Ice Baby" is a legitimately good track.

When that song was first released, a lot of people who heard it assumed Vanilla Ice was black. Same with Madonna when she debuted with "Lucky Star" and "Holiday" back in the '80s. Madonna is an interesting case since she needs to wrap herself up in studio production and provocative images because (and I say this without malice) she can't sing. But for a certain generation of females, she was a powerful symbol - a daring woman who could call her own shots. Now, does this mean her music is any less "real" than someone like Solange or PJ Harvey? That probably depends on why you're listening to her in the first place.

[Actually, the more I think about it, the more the Madonna/Guetta comparison seems to hold...!]

I wonder, is there any kind of Thierry Guetta analogue in movie-making or other collaborative and expensive mediums like theater? And could you see yourself ever cleaning out your bank account to risk every penny on any kind of creative art project?

Kevin:

I'm very sorry to hear your sister is no longer with us, Clarence -- she had quite an impressive bio (they certainly don't name art galleries after just anyone) and I'd love to check out her "biting, comical" work. Clearly, you've had much more exposure to the visual-arts community than I have! And Exit reinforces your point about the tireless work ethic of successful artists, none of whom have any illusions about getting rich (or even paying the rent) when they start out. In fact, simply getting their creations out to the masses while avoiding local law enforcement seems to be a best-case scenario for most street artists.

[There are those who do manage to successfully monetize their skills later in life. One is Banksy; this is an impressive accomplishment for a guy won't even show his face on camera, and only speaks through a voice-scrambler.]

I agree that Guetta seemed to be, as you said, "an interesting chap." Very affable, and certainly his enthusiasm for the street-art world was endearing. He was a bit of a groupie in a sense? Of course, the fans who spent truckloads of cash for his work only knew him as Mr. Brainwash. At his expo, he was a celebrity, even though much of the work had been delegated to others. 

Madonna may well be the best pop analogy! She was tailor-made for the MTV generation; would her dance-pop have had any shelf life without the cult of personality she created? And you raise a great question with regards to why we listen to music, especially in our youth. Madonna's radio singles were chock-full of hooks and toe-tapping beats, but absent her relentless self-promotion, maybe she's just a modern-day Ke$ha? And finished as a cultural/commercial force by the time she's 30? 

As far as a cinema comparison, I'll throw out a name here: Quentin Tarantino. Let me preface this by saying that I love Reservoir Dogs and Pulp Fiction... and have pretty much hated everything he's done since. 

1) Groupie status? Check. Tarantino was a super-cinema buff who worked at video stores and made friends with folks like producer Lawrence Bender and actor Harvey Keitel, both of whom were instrumental in getting his debut off the ground.

2) No formal moviemaking experience? Check. He rented cameras and other equipment on weekends, well in advance of Reservoir Dogs, and basically taught himself how to film scenes.

3) Borrowed liberally from a number of other directors in his debut? Check. Check out the list of influences here -- most of these were largely unknown to audiences, particularly college-age folks at the time like myself. 

That said... we all steal from someone, whether we're conscious of it or not. "We stand on the shoulders of giants," as the saying goes. And we view Guetta as a hack partly because he was first introduced in Exit as a nobody. Would we think of Tarantino the same way if we were privy to a documentary about him toiling away behind a video-rental desk and trying to squeeze into Hollywood parties? I don't know. 

And most importantly, Reservoir Dogs and Pulp Fiction were fun movies, at least to this scribe. If he was a hack, he was damn successful at it, because the style that Tarantino adopted (pop-culture conversations, non-linear storytelling) was itself repeatedly ripped off throughout the '90s! (My pick for the best of these homages: Go, by Doug Liman.)

Tarantino's work in the years since has left me rather empty, and has sort of been a microcosm of modern-day Hollywood blockbusters? Full of spectacle, while leaving me devoid of any attachment to characters. With lots and lots of winking at the cameras.

As far as cleaning out my account for a creative project, my #1 fear would be that I don't really have any great sense of what would be commercially popular! Did you ever see the BBC/HBO show Extras? One of the few comedies I've loved -- it's about a struggling actor (Ricky Gervais) who finally manages to get his television show made... except that there's so much studio meddling, the finished product is completely insipid and full of cheap laughs. Of course, it's wildly popular, only with all the people that Ricky's character despises. 

[Didn't Kurt Cobain feel a great deal of angst when he started seeing hordes of frat boys show up at Nirvana concerts...?]

Clarence, have you enjoyed any other films about visual arts, whether they be documentary or fiction? Leaving heist tales aside, four wildly different movies come to mind for me. My Left Foot, The Shape of Things, Museum Hours, and finally, the Werner Herzog documentary Cave of Forgotten Dreams*. Art isn't an easy subject to tackle? For it to work on the big screen, it seems like there often has to be a component of social commentary involved. 

[*One of the rare cases where watching in 3-D really added something to the experience. I felt as though I was spelunking along with Werner and company.]

Clarence:

I'm glad you mentioned Tarantino. He's one of my favorite pre-2005 American directors, although I avoid listening to him in any other context. His hyper-motormouth routine got old before the '90s ended.

But what separated Tarantino from the millions of other young men working on the fringes of the movie industry looking for a break is that, for all his borrowing from other people, Tarantino has genuine talent when it comes to film making, specifically in writing. His three best films, Reservoir Dogs, Pulp Fiction, and Kill Bill Vol. 1&2. highlight his ability to craft conversations and use words that are just as essential as the violence and cultural references.

I'm in the same ballpark as you in regards to his later work, and I think you described it perfectly. The premiere of a new Tarantino film has become such an over-hyped event and so many are ready to call whatever he puts out a "masterpiece" that honest critical analysis is hard to come by.

Extras is one of my all-time favorite sitcoms. Ricky Gervais has (had?) such a talent for getting underneath the surface and make comedy out of tragedy, something he also did with original version of The Office. There's real poignancy in his efforts to hold on to his creative freedom in an industry that hates that sort of thing. I also enjoyed Go in the way the director used Tarantino-esque ideas and did his own thing with them instead of just copying. 

This, to me, helps highlight what's going on with Guetta. For all of his enthusiasm, he just doesn't appear to be talented at making art. The fact that he spent years with a camera in his hand obsessively connecting with real artists doesn't mean what he produces himself has aesthetic worth or tells us something about the world we live in. Compare him to someone like Vivian Maier, who took photographs in her spare time while working all her life as a nanny and whose rediscovered work is obviously that of a true artistic talent.

What helps Guetta is living in an age, thanks to a a 24/7/365 media environment, where recycled culture is the norm. The ability to cite and to some extent manipulate images and words that already exist gives certain people a certain kind of cultural currency as well as room to pass off what they do as original even if it's clearly just history repeating. One example is the truly awful movie Two Days in the Valley, a pathetic attempt to recycle Tarantino that ends up being the copy of a copy one would expect.

I can't think of too many films about art that I really like that don't involve a heist...! It helps to have an artist with a compelling personality like Kirk Douglas' portrayal of Vincent Van Gogh in Lust for Life  or Ed Harris as Jackson Pollack in the film Pollack. I think you're right in that there has to be something extra attached to a story to make it work. The problem is that the process of making most art of any kind is flatly uninteresting to people who aren't doing it. The planning, the prep work, the false starts, the sitting around staring at an empty canvas or blank page, these things don't exactly scream "compelling drama." But they are the necessary steps involved in the act of creation.

No doubt, there will always be a Guetta somewhere in the world looking for fame and riches. Something art enthusiasts, critics, and buyers can do is continue to sharpen our own faculties so we can see through the self-promoter with giant neon canvases and no substance, while seeking out the quiet person in the corner who doesn't talk much but may be working on the next masterpiece.

Did you see the movie? Want to add to the conversation? Leave a comment below!

 

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          2017 Pitchfork Music Festival: Day 2        

photos by Layne Lindroth

Day 2 of Pitchfork 2017 continued the previous day’s good vibes and great music. A full slate of artists and bands kept the crowd moving and grooving all day long.

 

Vagabon

Jeff Rosenstock

Jeff Rosenstock

Weyes Blood

 

Cherry Glazerr

Cherry Glazerr

Cherry Glazerr

Mitski

Mitski

Francis & The Lights

Francis & The Lights

Angel Olson

Angel Olson

 

S U R V I V E

S U R V I V E

S U R V I V E

A Tribe Called Quest

A Tribe Called Quest

A Tribe Called Quest


          L’Humeur VagabondeL’electron libre        
Cuvée en production limitée. Le fruit noir et l’acidité naturelle du carignan en font un vin étonnant. Des notes de petits fruits noirs et une extraordinaire fraicheur en finale.
          Reabilitarea nereabilitarii        
Nici nu mai conteaza ca termenul de predare a lucrarii a fost 12.04, probabil ca va fi 12 sau mai mult al lunii mai, doar 33% peste, adica la un termen anuntat de 2 ani, predarea ar fi in al treilea. Ceea ce conteaza cu adevarat este ca de doua luni si jumatate ma trezesc la ora 7 a fiecarei dimineti, in niste zgomote de rotopercutoare, bocaneli, huruieli, tipete de muncitori si de sefi de muncitori la muncitori, de simt ca-mi vine sa ies pe schela si sa fac un curs intensiv de karate pe spinarea tuturor, pacat ca nu stiu karate. ...Si fiind treaz mai devreme decat ar trebui, ma intreb diverse lucruri: de ce eu sunt mai prost pentru ca mi-am pus tamplarie acum 10 ani pe cateva mii de euro, sunt cumva recompensat pentru asta, daca tot nu sunt recompensat cu nimic, vor urma muncitorii indicatiile mele, macar la pervazele de la apartamentul meu, sa-mi schimb porcariile astea de glafuri care au ruginit deja dupa prima ploaie, cum de si-a permis primarul sa puna un banner cat blocul cu numele sau pe el, a platit lucrarea ma-sa sau fiica-sa, dar bannerul cine l-a platit, n-ar fi fost mai bine si mai ieftin sa ma lase sa-mi fac singur izolarea cu niste deductibilitati, n-ar fi fost mai bun un pod la Razoare si unul la Moghioros sau un oras fara caini vagabonzi, ori poate ca m-ar fi ajutat mai mult o conducta de gaze de un tol pe casa scarii in care sa ma intep cu propria centrala termica si sa scap definitiv de RADET, oare Dorelul asta care se holbeaza mine in timp ce-mi sorb ciorba o avea ganduri curate, daca vrea sa ma hacuie pentru LCD-ul din sufragerie, care-o fi nesimtitul care s-a cacat ieri in ghena, talpa cerei perechi de adidasi sa i-o pun pe fata daca-l prind, ce-o fi putoarea aia care vine din subsol, de ce s-a ars motorul liftului, ce-au carat dobitocii astia cu el...?
Prieteni, daca aveti peretii de caramida sau BCA, grosi de macar 35cm, montati-va ferestre noi si refuzati delicat oferta statului, ca sa nu spun sa-l trimiteti inspre gaura care l-a format incepand cu reprezentantii sai cretinoizi, pentru ca nu merita sa va puneti acel sir de intrebari zi de zi, timp de 3, 4 sau mai multe luni si nici sa va dea desteptarea cand au chef, o mana de oameni cu clase mai putine decat trenul. Adevarata reabilitare nu va avea loc in timpul vietii noastre.

          Tara de cacat        

TARA DE CACAT P.4 – 23.08.2012 - nu ma pot abtine...

Ca Romania e o tara de cacat, s-a lamurit mai jos si de asemenea in destule dintre comment-uri, ce ma uimeste insa, este totusi adancimea cacatului in care se desfasoara totul in aceasta tara, pe zi ce trece am senzatia ca ea pluteste deasupra Gropii Marianelor dar nu in apa sarata a Pacificului, ci deasupra unei haznale uriase cam cu aceeasi adancime. Intre timp am mai aflat cateva lucruri, si anume: ca 7.4 milioane de votanti pot fi pisati in cap de 6 scarbe imputite, fosti turnatori cu robe visinii care n-au judecat o speta in viata lor, ca desi numarul locuitorilor tarii scade de la an la an pentru ca tot mai multi isi iau lumea in cap, numarul votantilor de fapt tot creste, ca boicotul unui scrutin a devenit perfect legal chiar si la nivel prezidential, ca un premier al unei tari care se vrea europeana, poate chiar recomanda boicotul in tara noastra, deci ca rezultatele referendumurilor sunt strict facultative si ca noua securitate ne asculta telefoanele in draci. Da, la noi nu se intampla nimic cum trebuie sa se intample, nici cu autostrazile, nici cu votul si vointa populara, democratii sunt cei mai de cacat, urmati indeaproape de liberali si socialisti, asteptam si niste neopopulari care sigur ii vor pupa in cur pe democrati, dar in timp ce ei isi vor linge fundurile intre ei sau isi vor trage adanc la geoale, cei de la putere se vor caca in capul nostru mereu, unii ostentativ, altii cu niste scuze de rigoare. Astept cu mare interes ca dintre cei 18 milioane aflati pe listele electorale sa se afirme un lunetist profesionist constiincios, indragostit de meseria lui, care sa auda vocea Domnului soptindu-i in ureche inainte de culcare, cine ar trebui izbavit a doua zi, probabil ca ar fii ocupat cu anii saracul om. Cum ar arata un "Boondock Saints" cu scenariu romanesc?

TARA DE CACAT P.3 – 02.12.2010
Ce-am vazut in marea noastra zi nationala? Am vazut cum premierul taie panglici la sosele nefinalizate, am mai vazut cum acelasi premier i-a ciordit miseleste onorul militar senatorului sef, am vazut cum o gramada de „oameni de succes” agramati ne indemnau sa ramanem aici chiar daca nu-i asa bine si ca noi toti suntem de fapt, responsabili cu schimbarea in bine a Romaniei, dar nici unul n-a zis cum, am vazut cum se calcau oamenii in picioare pentru o bucata de carnat si 10 boabe de fasole, ca deh, asa-i traditia p-aici si am mai vazut o tara blocata din cauza vremii, ma rog, asta n-ar trebui sa mai mire pe nimeni, pentru ca se intampla in fiecare an. Si cu asta, am terminat cu profundele sentimente despre tara mea natala, data viitoare cand voi mai fi dezamagit, ori ma sui in primul avion, ori infintez un blog direct pe aceasta tema .

TARA DE CACAT P.2 - update 24:11:2010Zilele trecute am fost apostrofat offline cu o oarecare violenta de un... sa-i spun cunoscut, cum c-as fi gunoiul pamantului pentru ca am avut nesimtirea de a-mi denigra propria tara dupa numai cateva zile de stat in strainatate. Ei bine, cele cateva zile s-au dovedit a fi aproape 3 luni in SUA, la care as mai adauga in ultimii 5 ani, o luna si jumatate in Emiratele Arabe Unite, o luna in Turcia, si cate o saptamana in Grecia si Cehia. Deci in ultimii 5 ani am reusit sa traiesc in afara tarii aproape 6 luni, putin pentru pretentiile mele, dar suficient pentru a-mi da seama ca in toate aceste locuri este mult mai bine ca la noi. Dar asta-i viata, nu-ti poti pastra toti potentialii prieteni, asa ca pentru urmatorii care au un mesaj similar, am facut selectia de poze de mai sus, care sa le aminteasca sau daca sunt mai fragezi in varsta macar sa le sugereze prin ce trece acest popor de aproape un secol. Nici un moment n-am denigrat frumusetea unor peisaje cum s-ar putea sa nu existe nicaieri, dar nu mai am rabdarea sa conduc o zi pana la ele, nu ma de plang faptul ca n-am castigat bine, dar nu mai pot suporta sa lucrez cu niste sefi sau patroni mult mai prosti decat mine, in conditiile in care recunosc totusi ca nici eu nu-s vreun geniu, ma plang in principal de faptul ca aceasta tara este condusa de niste tampiti, care ne-au invrajbit si prostit in asa masura incat am fi in stare sa ne luam gatul pentru un loc de parcare, atat de cretini incat au lasat Bulgaria sa ne-o ia inainte, de 20 de ani parca fac concurs de idiotenie, care sa ne saraceasca, sau care sa-si traga cele mai banoase contracte, care sa incite populatia mai mult si mai nou, care sa ne indatoreze pe cat mai multe generatii. Deci, nu mai pot si nu mai vreau sa fiu condus de tampiti, de asta-i pentru mine Romania o tara de cacat.
TARA DE CACAT -P.1
La aceste cuvinte, ti se raspunde deseori "tara e superba, pacat ca-i locuita". Partial adevarat, de fapt oamenii dau valoare tarii lor, prin ceea ce fac, ceea ce reprezinta in societate si contributia fata de aceasta, prin relatiile dintre ei, prin respectul fata de lege. O tara nu poate fi superba, atata timp cat este locuita de niste barbari. Dupa numai doua saptamani de la intoarcerea in tara, ma simt deja sufocat de atituidinea si grimasele stresate ale oamenilor, de ceea ce vad la tv, de praful care se aseaza de un deget pe mobila in numai cateva zile, de vecinul de deasupra care parca are o herghelie de cai in apartament, de alti vecini care folosesc rotopercutoarele exact in orele de odihna, de handicapatii care ineaca un cartier intreg in fum doar ca sa arda niste frunze, de imbecilii din trafic cu abtibilduri pe care scrie „bebe on board” care conduc de parca sunt in cautare de sinucidere, si pentru ei, si pentru familiile lor, de nesimtitii care-mi ridica stergatoarele, ce au impresia ca au fost fatati de mamicile lor cu tot cu loc de parcare, de tiganii care cersesc cu copii in brate in tramvaie, iar cand se plictisesc sau nu-si fac planul, buzunaresc pensionarii, de japca si nesimtirea prezente la fiecare pas. Cum si-o fi pierdut natia asta respectul fata de oricine si orice, chiar si cel de sine? Foarte simplu, a capatat deprinderile tampitilor de care este condusa de atat de multe zeci de ani. Cat de complicat o fi ca primar sa reabilitezi strazile unei capitale intregi cand esti totodata si producator de borduri, sau cat de dificil o fi ca guvern sa introduci taxa auto cand esti si importator direct de autoturisme, sau cat de greu este sa ridici manuta printre atipiri cand esti intrebat daca esti de acord cu legea care-ti mareste salariul, cat de constructiv o fi ca presedinte sa stai toata ziua la scandal cu toti, in loc sa-i indrepti in directia corecta, sau cam ce nivel de inteligenta trebuie sa detii ca politician, cand ti se dicteaza prin sms ce trebuie sa spui intr-un talkshow politic? Este clar ca suntem condusi de cativa smecheri care si-au tras tara si care nu vor lua decizii in favoarea noastra niciodata, iar restul, adica prostimea, vor da din coate si musca in stanga si-n dreapta pe oricine le sta in calea prinderii unui oscior, deseori fara chiar sa fie nevoie, doar pentru ca atitudinea smenareasca ii face sa se simta bine. Suntem condusi de niste ignoranti pe care nu i-a intersat in 20 de ani macar sa stranga cainii de pe strazi, daramite sa faca autostrazi, spitale si scoli, iar sa ne creasca nivelul de trai nici atat. Dar asta este, suntem mai buni pentru ei saraci, bolnavi si prosti, pentru ca asa suntem prea ocupati sa alergam dupa painea de maine, decat sa mergem peste ei si sa-i scoatem de urechi afara. Sub sintagma „nu ne vindem tara”, as completa cu „ne-o dam noua gratis”, s-au nascut o gramada de averi de tip Top 300, multe dintre ele ramase necunoscute. Am ajuns la concluzia ca aceasta tara nu mai are nici o sansa, poate doar un soi de justitie imanenta care sa prabuseasca toata casa poporului peste camerele reunite ale parlamentului, dupa care o mana de fier care sa indrepte cu forta lucrurile, pentru ca oricum nu se mai poate cu vorba buna de multa vreme.
Imi este absolut insuportabil sa mai traiesc aici, mai ales dupa ce am vazut ce inseamna viata in alte locuri ale lumii. Nu am de ales decat sa-mi dedic pana la ultimul strop de energie ce mi-a mai ramas pentru a emigra din aceasta tara DE CACAT! De CA-CAAAAAT...

          Monastero di San Pietro – Cornizzolo        
11 Marzo 2012

Domenica ci siamo trovati in un bel gruppo di appassionati di montagna, conosciuti sul Vagabondo
per una prima uscita di stagione non troppo impegnativa.

Ho proposto come meta la vetta del Cornizzolo, passando per il Monastero di San Pietro.









          L'esprit d'Halloween        
http://www.grandinroad.com/eyeball-orbs/halloween-haven/indoor-decor/959750?isCrossSell=true&strategy=662&gtmPageName=May%20We%20Suggest-EspotsCategoryView
Pourquoi ne pas s'amuser avec les codes d'Halloween en laissant son imaginaire vagabonder du côté de l'étrange et de l'insolite... Pourquoi ne pas ajouter quelques frissons, quelques ombres à notre créativité ? Oui ? Alors voici un peu d'inspirations pour habiller nos enveloppes en jouant par exemple avec des calligraphies blanches sur fond noir. C'est simple mais efficace surtout en faisant le choix d'une écriture irrégulière, imparfaite et en l'associant à des motifs façon arabesques ou enluminures.

Miss Pérégrine et les enfants particuliers- Voir la bande-annonce du film de Tim Burton


http://sincerelysarad.com/unique-ways-to-decorate-pumpkins/
Des motifs même simples peuvent faire écho à des références liées à de l’insolite. Par exemple avec ces citrouilles, celle avec des rayures me fait penser au tee-shirt du garçon de la famille Adams. C'est ça aussi jouer avec des codes et les détourner, c'est offrir des chemins de traverses à l'imaginaire.

Et si comme moi vous voulez habiller vos enveloppes d'octobre d'un air d'Halloween, j'ai sélectionné pour vous des timbres vintages, une sélection de 4 timbres rangés dans une mini pochette que vous pouvez retrouver dans ma boutique en ligne. Vous verrez avec de jolies enveloppes, on ne fait pas que distribuer du courrier on distribue aussi des sourires en veux-tu, en voila !
          On Wynonna Earp Season 1*        
Wynonna Earp, created and written by Beau Smith, began its comic book life as a limited series from Image in 1996. The descendant of the wild west lawman Wyatt Earp, Wynonna was saddled with not only the famous name, but also the task of hunting down supernatural threats as an agent of the US Marshals' "Black Badge Division." IDW would later publish miniseries Home on the Strange in 2003 and The Yeti Wars in 2011. The comics could, most charitably, be described as somewhere between completely incompetently made and mediocre (We'll discuss those in the next post, though; don't you worry).

In 2015, Syfy acquired the project pitched to them by IDW and showrunner Emily Andras, who had previously written, produced and showrun fantasy drama Lost Girl. The 13-episode Wynonna Earp series debuted on April 1 the following year. Andras was extremely selective in what she chose to take from the comics. TV's Wynonna Earp had the vagabond title character (played by Melanie Scrofano) returning to her hometown of Purgatory on the eve of her 27th birthday in order to attend a family funeral. Having suffered a particularly traumatic event as a child (when her family home was attacked by the undead), and a particularly troubled childhood that followed (since no one believed her stories of that attack by the undead), Wynonna left town and never looked back--until the start of the series, anyway.

She soon found herself re-embroiled in the family curse when she becomes "The Heir," the only person capable of sending the town's 77 undead revenants to hell by shooting them with her great-great-grandfather's now-magical gun, "Peacemaker." The revenants, lead by the charismatic Bobo Del Rey (Michael Eklund), are seeking a means to escape The Ghost River Triangle, the geological region which the curse kept them all entrapped within the borders of.

The threat of an army of revenants caught the attention a mysterious government agent named Dolls (Shamier Anderson), who worked with a joint U.S./Canadian task force known as Black Badge Division. Together Wynonna and Dolls take on Bobo, the revenants and assorted other supernatural threats with the help of Wynonna's little sister Waverly (Dominique Provost-Chalkley), a self-taught expert on the curse and local history, and the immortal Doc Holliday (Tim Rozon), the former best friend of Wyatt. Over the course of the season, the characters unraveled mysteries about the curse and learned secrets of their own pasts, while new mysteries and secrets arose at the climax so they would have new stuff to deal with in season two.
Spoiler alert: Canonical ship WayHaught totally kiss in evening gowns, neither gets killed off
The show gathered a cult following online, particularly with LGBT fans on Tumblr, thanks in no small part to the cast's active Twitter presence. Andras and others often live-tweeted episodes as they aired, actively engaging with fans directly through social media. The show also premiered during the height of the "Bury Your Gays" epidemic last year, when lesbian characters were dying off at a pace of almost one a week. Andras, who is no stranger to courting LGBT viewers, actually took to Twitter to assure fans that neither Waverly Earp or Nicole Haught (Katherine Barrell), the show’s resident lesbian couple, would meet an untimely end. That care is one of the reasons LGBT fans are so protective of Wynonna Earp; it's one of the few times they feel a showrunner has their best interests at heart. Andras understands she is targeting a marginalized audience and, more importantly, takes great pride in the responsibility of treating fans with respect.

In preparation for season two, which began airing June 9 on SyFy, we marathoned the first season and sat down at our laptops to discuss it. Please note there will be some spoilers, so you may want to watch the first season yourself before joining us below.

Meredith: OK, since I forced you into watching Wynonna Earp, I’ll start. The best way I can describe the show is this: Emily Andras packed a car full of characters, plot, action sequences and tropes. She took the car from 0-90 and started pushing them out onto the highway. If this is not a show you can get on board with in the first 15 minutes, then you might as well get out.

Wynonna Earp isn't interested in getting bogged down in heavy internal mythology. Why does Peacemaker work the way is does? I don't know, it's a magic gun with a mind of its own. How did Doc spend 80 years in at the bottom of a well? Shrug; a witch’s curse, I guess.

If you are the kind of person who needs a show to articulate hard and fast reasoning for everything it does, then you should probably go back to watching Game of Thrones, because you're not going to find it here. And honestly, I couldn't love this show any more. I cannot remember the last time I had so much fun watching TV.

So Caleb, give me your brief gut reaction to Wynonna Earp now that we’ve watched season one.

Caleb: "Brief"...? Oh man, I hate brevity!

It took me a few episodes to really get into it honestly, precisely because I am the kind of person who nitpicks internal logic in fictive narratives, and can get hung up on little details (Doc spending a chunk of immortality in the well I can handle, but it still doesn't explain how Wynonna didn't bump into him when she climbed out of that very same well!). That said, once the major players were all introduced and were around long enough that I got to know them, I became much more engaged with the show.
Provost-Chalkley
I really liked the Waverly character, who is easy on the eyes, has a confoundingly weird wardrobe and was presented first as a typical, cheerful, twenty-something small-town barmaid, and then is revealed to be this secret student of history and the occult with a serial killer-like zeal for the subject matter, complete with the crazy person's wall of pinned-up photos and newspaper clippings.
Rozon
And I particularly loved the Doc Holliday character. He's a handsome fellow with a sweet cookie-duster mustache, and I like his overall old timey-ness, from his manner of speech to just how out of it he is when it comes to things like cars and other, more modern inventions he missed while sitting at the bottom of a well. For the most part, they play him as if he walked across the studio lot from the sound set where they were making a cowboy show into that of this one about demon-hunting, and he decided to just stick around this set instead.

I found the crypto-Canadian-ness of it pretty hilarious too. There's something funny about setting a show full of riffs and allusions to the all-American Western myth of cowboys and gunslingers in Canada, and the show rarely commits to exactly which side of the border it's set on.

I think the show suffered a bit whenever it tried to get too fancy with the special effects, as some scenes were obviously more ambitious than the budget could afford, and the anal retentive in me felt parts of several episodes could have used another round or two of script-polishing to explain the sorts of things that it either waits until the last episodes to address or just plain never gets around to, but overall I had fun with it, and even became invested in the characters.

Meredith: One of my favorite themes to discuss is the search for identity. The trifecta of Willa (the eldest Earp sister, played by Natalie Krill, who was thought to have been murdered by revenants as a child), Wynonna, and Waverly represent "the one who was chosen, the one who was forced to choose and the one whose choice was made for them." Willa was meant to then be the heir. She was trained. Wynonna wants nothing to do with the Earp curse but had to step up because no one else could. And Waverly wanted nothing more than to be the heir herself.

I enjoyed the way Emily Andras inverted the "search," so to speak. When the show starts, our characters are thrust into these roles (heir, sister, pariah) and we get to watch as they struggle to fill this new space and navigate changing dynamics. But by the end, Willa arrives and Waverly might not even be an Earp. The identities the characters have been developing are completely torn away. They're forced to rethink everything they had once taken for granted.

Caleb: I suppose the same could be said of their relationships to one another, to their enemies and allies and to the town itself. Everyone ends up somewhere different than where they started not just personally, but as they relate to all of the other elements of the show.

Meredith: I liked that not one character had the upper hand for long. Bobo wasn't just sitting around in the trailer park watching his master plan unfold while our heroes marched toward him. I thought by shifting the power dynamics between Bobo, The Stone Witch (Rayisa Kondracki), Wynonna, Doc, Dolls and so on it gave the series a lot of sparking energy. You think Bobo has all the power until you find out about the Stone Witch. But then you realize she's lying to Bobo about having the lead and it's actually Waverly who has the skull that Bobo needs. The series is like a poker game. Everyone is keeping secrets in hopes of shifting the power back to them, while also praying that no one calls their bluff.

Caleb: What's interesting about that too is that despite how long some of these characters have had their plans in motion, none of them seem to have planned for what happens once they meet their goals. Like, Bobo is able to escape the Ghost River Triangle: Then what? In addition to his immortality and his powers, he's basically got a whole devoted cult at his beck and call where he is; is the ability to go on vacation all that important? Also, he might not know it, but if he does discover a means for escape, the government is just going to nuke the town out of existence anyway.

Similarly, Doc has spent his immortality planning on vengeance, but then what? And the peculiarities of the spell prevent him from actually taking that revenge, anyway.

And what happens to Wynonna if she's able to break the curse? Will she lose her newfound purpose in life?

I think that's part of what makes the characters so engaging. They are a lot like the real people in you know in your real life, seemingly making dumb decisions or not thinking through their actions and that you want to sit down and talk to them but you can't--because they are TV characters.

Meredith: You make a really great point about Wynonna. When we first meet her, she's a total mess. Working with Black Badge and accepting the role of the Earp heir gives her life the structure and meaning it's been sorely missing up until that point. It gives her a second chance to reconnect with her sister. It gives her purpose and direction. So you’re right, it makes you wonder what will happen when (or if) she breaks the curse.

I want to talk a bit about the morally ambiguous heroes and villains. When I realized that not all the revenants were completely evil, I knew I was going to love this show. The Stone Witch's curse was wide-reaching, so a number of revenants were just poor souls caught in the crossfire of Wyatt's gun. It puts extra weight on Wynonna, who is tasked with sending all of them back to hell, but it's not as simple as kicking demon ass. She had to come to terms with the fact that some of these cursed people are no worse than she.

Even Bobo, who is ostensibly the season's "Big Bad," is not motivated by pure evil. He's tired. He wants to leave the Ghost River Triangle. In fact, it's Black Badge that's threatening to drop an atomic bomb on Purgatory and all its human citizens. So tell me, who is really the villain here?
Eklund
Caleb: Based on haircut and costuming decisions, I'm going to say Bobo. Seriously though, I think the show operates very much within the realm of the deconstructionist--or are we on post-deconstructionist at this point?-- concept of the Western, where there are no longer any white hats or black hats. The closest thing we get to an ethically pure, old-school character is that of Wyatt Earp himself, who appears only in a flashback or two, and then only to express disapproval of Doc's life choices.

Of course, something went wrong with even Wyatt's life, to the point that his descendants are suffering this curse, so maybe not even his is a traditional white hat character...

Meredith: How does it function as an adaptation of Beau Smith’s comic? Did you think it made the leap from page to screen successfully? Is there anything from the comic you would've kept? What change did you like the most?
Reminder: This is what the comic book this show is based on used to look like
Caleb: Ha ha ha ha ha ha! You're kidding, right?

Well, I think as an adaptation, in the strictest sense of the word, it's obviously pretty poor, as I think it's safe to say next-to-nothing from the comics actually makes it into the show. It's mostly just a couple of names, and the idea of a curse on the Earp line, right? But then, the comics themselves were so poorly made, that's not a strike against the show at all. As a show based on the comics, which is different than an adaptation, it's phenomenal. It's comics-to-TV alchemy, turning a base metal into gold.

One potential advantage the concept evidenced in the comics vs. that of the show was the idea that, in the comics, Wynonna as already a fully-functioning member of Black Badge, which appears to be like Mike Mignola's BPRD. Had they kept that premise, I think we would have had a show in which Wynonna, Dolls and the gang travel from place to place, fighting different sorts of supernatural threats. I would imagine something closer to The X-Files, I guess, with a different threat each episode, and maybe the occasional "mythology" episode tying into some overarching plotline. That would also allow for more and different types of monsters rather than just the revenants. In the comics, she fights werewolves, vampires, a mummy, zombies and so on, whereas the show basically has her dealing exclusively with the revenants, with the occasional witch or skinwalker.

That, of course, would have been a very different, very expensive show, and this particular premise allowed for one location with a handful of different sets. Additionally, I think the idea of Wynonna as someone protecting a single town resonates as a Western, deconstructionist or otherwise, as she's basically the heroic sheriff of Purgatory, protecting the townspeople from threats from inside and from without.

Meredith: You and I sat down and watched Tombstone as well as reading Beau Smith’s original run of Wynonna Earp comics and I think we both agreed that it was pretty obvious Emily Andras did the same exact thing before breaking season one. There were a couple of similarities between the show and Tombstone that just couldn’t have been coincidence. Overall, I’m impressed about how she was able to take this one fragment of an idea and turn it into such an entertaining television show.

Caleb: Yeah, viewed as a sort of prequel to Wynonna Earp, Tombstone is enjoyable on an entirely different level viewed separeately. I think I prefer Rozon's version of Doc to Val Kilmer's, even though Rozon seems to be basing his a bit on Kilmer's...or else they both based their performances on someone else's, or that's just the way Doc Holliday really was in real life?

Meredith: Thinking ahead, are you excited for the second season? What would you like to see?

Caleb: Well, the true identity of the mysterious roadside mechanic with superspeed and the initials J.C.--who isn't Jesus Christ, but seems to be angelic in nature--that showed up late in season one has been bothering the hell out of me, and I want to see who the hell he's supposed to be. I'm also curious about the monster that Bobo calls "the old one" that is trying to get into Purgatory, which looked like a poorly rendered mash-up of a giant snake and something Lovecraftian. And obviously there's something up with Dolls that hasn't been explained yet.

I'm also interested in seeing what happens next, now that Bobo is out of the picture, and so are all of the seemingly other most threatening of his kind. I would like to see Wynonna, Doc, Dolls, Waverly and Haught fight more and different types of monsters. Hopefully a yeti.

Meredith: My dream for season two would be the addition of more old-timey gunslingers, Calamity Jane, in particular. They’ve got Doc Holliday, why not add another one?

Caleb: Calamity Jane? Okay. But only if Alicia Witt plays her. And she gets at least one musical number, a la the Doris Day musical. Or is everyone sick of musical episodes at this point?

Meredith: I absolutely second Alicia Witt playing Calamity Jane. And musical episodes are still a thing. I bet Emily Andras could pull one off, too. The other thing I'm most looking forward to is Waverly exploring her family history. In the final episode, Bobo Del Ray suggested she might not be a full fledged Earp. If true, that could be potentially devastating for both Waverly and Wynonna.



*You guys know my pal, and so far the only person I've ever actually collaborated on writing anything with, Ms. Meredith Tomeo, right? We did the "Birdwatching" feature together for Comics Alliance. Well, we were intending to do a similar recurring feature on SyFy's Wynonna Earp series, starting with this year's second season but, alas, Comics Alliance is no more. So this piece is one we had already started working on before CA went away, and it was intended to be a sort of catch-up on the first season before we started doing the weekly synopsis pieces.  Since I do have my own comics blog, I figured I would just run our discussion on the first season here, rather than just letting all of these words about something somewhat comics related go to waste. If anyone wants to pay us to watch Wynonna Earp for them, though, we're totally interested.
          Vagabond Opera Brings High Drama Cabaret-Close on Sing For Your Lives!        
Vagabond11_Stage-c-BenZMund

It’s a dark and stormy night. The cabaret swirls smoke, euphoria, danger. A burlesque beauty sings a swooping, eerie song and suddenly sprouts a full beard. An itinerant tenor and a melancholic balloonist croon to apocalyptic waltzers. The drums ba-da-boom, the cellos duel, the gitarrón’s been drinking.

It’s Vagabond Opera—you’d better Sing for Your Lives!

Like surrealist Marcel Duchamp packing an entire life’s work into a suitcase, the Portland, Oregon troupe tucks the high drama of opera into the tight squeeze of the sexy cabaret. By turns sinister and seedy, sweet and nostalgic, the brainy, sultry band mashes up Eastern European folk theater and classical grandeur, hot club act and avant-garde klezmer jams, perky musicals and edgy absurdism.
“We love storytelling, creating a world on stage or on a recording,” says saxophonist and songwriter Robin Jackson. “We bring people into a dark cabaret where they forget themselves.” “We draw on Old World elements and genres,” adds Eric Stern, Vagabond Opera founder, composer, and singer, “but we utterly transform them.”

What’s a tenor to do?

Stern adored opera—he used to blast his tape of “The Marriage of Figaro” for his fellow teens in pre-rock show parking lots. He loved opera so much, he had to break it out of its elitist ghetto. Opera was once an art form ordinary people enjoyed, he reasoned, and it was time to take it back to those roots.

“I remember looking around the audience at a Ziggy Marley concert and thinking, ‘Why does opera have to be in an opera house, someplace that seems inaccessible to so many?’” Stern remembers. “Why can’t these people listen to opera in this venue? I wanted to snatch this art and distribute it everywhere.”

Searching for a new approach, Stern found himself omnivorously devouring everything from Hendrix guitar licks and Janice Joplin’s gritty wails, to Romanian horas and Yiddish theater music. “While I love the Western European music traditions, I saw no reason why you can’t incorporate other traditions into opera as well,” Stern reflects. “I’m Jewish and wanted more Eastern European sounds in play, things I wasn’t hearing enough of in classical music.”

Click here to read the rest of the article!

                  
REVIEW:

"I Have Never Been to the Atlantic Ocean but Now I Feel I Have", Debbie Okun Hill, past President The Ontario Poetry Society 
Well, I have and I haven’t! Oh, this is so confusing! One of my literary goals on my bucket list is to dip my toes in the Atlantic Ocean and then write a poem about it. I don’t know when I will get there but about three months ago I started reading a poetry book that not only made me feel like I was already splashing through the salty waves in my rubber boots but that I needed to pack up my fishing nets and head to the east coast today and for real! Ready or not, here I come! Books can do that, transport me to locations I have never seen and may never get to in person. My apologies for the late review, long overdue but I was hoping to polish up my French for the trip. That’s on my bucket list too!!

FROM SHORE TO SHOORMAL



By Donna Allard and Nat Hall Broken Jaw Press and BS Poetry Society, 2013, 72 pages ISBN 978-1-55391-111-1

 By Donna Allard and Nat Hall
Broken Jaw Press and BS Poetry Society, 2013, 72 pages
ISBN 978-1-55391-111-1



At first glance, From Shore to Shoormal could easily be described as a poetic travelogue where images of the Atlantic Ocean mesmerize the readers and lure them onto fishing vessels and along barren shorelines where the “high-spirited” raven keeps a watchful eye. In the poem “Treasure Hunt” the instructions are to “Get your map out”… “never lose sight of your compass”…and “Feel the last wave, follow the sun.”… For those who are unfamiliar with the coastal fringe of Acadia’s Shediac Bay and the shoormal of Shetland Islands, Scotland, "I Have Never Been to the Atlantic Ocean but Now I Feel I Have"this book nudges individuals into the salt taste, damp fog, fishy scent and rugged characteristics of these two regions.
However, this collection of 25 bilingual poems by New Brunswick poet Donna Allard and Shetland-based poet and visual artist Nat Hall is more than just another geography lesson. As stated on the back cover this 72-page book is a celebration of the Atlantic connection between two voices: the persona of Allard’s acadianrose cresting like ocean waves in “From Shore” the first section of the book and Hall’s nordicblackbird flying strong in the second part dedicated “To Shoormal”.
While the cover image (Hall’s photo ‘vagabond mood’) appears stark and gloomy, it sets a melancholy tone for the poetic landmarks within.

For example, Acadia’s rich history unfolds as relic puzzle pieces and unearthed memories in Allard’s introductory poem “War Musket Grass (Bay of Fundy) where “they swear the land still smells of powder.” In “Northwest Passage”, the “mornin’ boats dot the water like fag butts” and the “morning sun zips its warm jacket and leaves”. The couplets in this poem and the metaphors throughout this section of the book are like the waves in the ocean, lapping the shore at a steady rhythm. The writing is tight and Allard often uses haunting words when describing the fisherman’s life, beer, his wife’s isolation, “icicled telephone wires”, “ghost ships that/appear at sunset” and eyes either “shipwrecked on déjà vu” or a “glassy reflection of dark tides”.

It is not an easy journey. As Allard states, “There’s not a road on this isle that does not bleed/from shore to shore.” Yet, Pablo’s poetic influence abounds “along the apple pathways of every heart in love.” In another poem, she writes “this memory shall live within me/until that sweet season when we meet again.” Death and love are common themes: “I drown, in the beauty that only the Bay of Fundy can offer.”

In the second section of the book, once the reader is seamlessly transported across the ocean, Hall resumes the Atlantic tour using the image of the raven and the wind in many of her poems. The writing is often gritty, sometimes gentle, written mainly in the first person point of view and is accessible to the general public. However expect some unique twists and turns of phrases. In her poem “On the Tip of My Heart” she taunts the reader “go ask the bird what it feels like inside the gale.” Hall explores the “Lady Mist”, “water washed words”, the turbulent storms of the Atlantic and the lighthouse beacon. In “The Tales from the Tides” she experiments with an acrostic riddle and later humours the audience with the unexpected language of canned fish. One of the most memorable lines of the book appears in the poem “Harva” where Hall states, “I taste the sea…I’m still drinking the Atlantic/like a long shot of/tequila.”

While both sections of the book are written in a free-style format, the addition of French translations and Shetland dialect provides a cultural echo and textured layer to the original English work. As Hall writes in the English version of her closing poem, “I love this sudden switch of tongue/sur toutes les lèvres du St, Laurent!/Now I feel home on either side of the Atlantic.”

Whether the reader is French or English speaking, it is not necessary to be bilingual to appreciate the depth of emotion and multi-layers of meaning in these poem treasures. Rather, here is a book that dares people to step outside their boundaries, to take a closer look and celebrate these strong voices that make the Atlantic coast so special.

For additional “official” information about the book, click here.

Debbie Okun Hill
Past President The Ontario Poetry Society (TOPS)
OFFICIAL WEBSITE OF DEBBIE OKUN HILL - REVIEW CLICK HERE

          Voluntary Vacation: Hostel Hopping in Guatemala        
Many of us dream of taking a year off to travel in exotic locales and live the life of a vagabond, and Jonathon Engels gives tips on how to do just that by volunteering at hostels all around Guatemala.
          Signs Over the Pacific        
Signs Over the Pacific
author: R.J. Astruc
name: Mark
average rating: 2.00
book published: 2013
rating: 1
read at:
date added: 2015/02/02
shelves:
review:
Signs Over the Pacific and Other Stories
By RJ Astruc
Publisher: Upper Rubber Boot Books
Published In: Nashville, TN, USA
Date: 2013
Pgs: 135

REVIEW MAY CONTAIN SPOILERS

Summary:
The intersecting life tales of an engineer, a thief, a terrorist, and a superpowerful artificial intelligence makes up the series of stories in this collection. Throw in blimps, Interpol, genetics, mutants, holograms, and runaway virus laden computer intelligences and the stories live on the edge of the new Pacific tomorrow. The Pacific Century is dawning. Will Man survive the experience?

Genre:
fiction, science fiction, cyberpunk, computer

Why this book:
The descriptions of the stories drew me in.

This Story is About:
survival of the fittest, techno cannibalism,

courage, working hard, doing the right thing, greed, friends, jealousy, love, caring, happiness, sadness, family



Propagation:
Favorite Character:
VINK2, the vagabond, virus AI, comes across as much more likable than the AI RESYS who is chasing her...him...it.

Least Favorite Character:
RESYS is an ass and a cannibal.

Character I Most Identified With:
I thought I was identifitying with RESYS and then realized that it was VINK2 who was the most...human character in the bunch.

The Feel:
The power behind our connectivity is watching us and acting in its own interests.

Favorite Scene:
When VINK2 blows through the Hong Kong intraweb and is raising hell all across the island.

Pacing:
The pace of this story is excellent. A real page turner.

Hmm Moments:
When RESYS describes Hong Kong as a wired rats nest, cyberwise. Hunting in the Hong Kong interweb was like playing Pacman due to how it was/is connected. A world where wireless signals are being choked out by the volume of other traffic forcing the AIs to chase one another wire to wire through a interlocking board of nodes.

Story made me think that we’ve all been engaged in techno cannibalism for awhile. Ever since the internet became as all invasive as it is, we’ve been devouring each others intellects at a more and more precipitate manner.

Why isn’t there a screenplay?
Maybe this could make a Metal Hurlant Chronicle episode. And I’m sure someone could turn it into a feature length presentation. But with all of the exposition, this seems like it would play better in a short format in visual media.

Casting call:
I often hear computers in stories speak in Terrence Stamp’s voice. Kneel before RESYS!



Signs Over the Pacific:
Favorite Character:
Val. He is the narrator. The whole story is from his perspective. It’s all happening to him.

Least Favorite Character:


Character I Most Identified With:
Val. Does what needs to be done.

The Feel:
This felt quick. Val’s confrontation with destiny whipped at him quickly and he charged in to meet it.

Favorite Scene:
Chubby guy dancing on the deck of a broken down airship short of the hangar at the sky city, trying to get the attention of passersby to catch a ride or a tow into the hangar.

Pacing:
The pace was great. Though it swept me through the short story at a fast clip. Could have easily been a much longer story.

Hmm Moments:
The scene with the Angel and the Devil costumed MILFs picking up Val and his sister from their broken down...up...dirigibile could have easily been a...uhm...bigger scene.

Why isn’t there a screenplay?
This story would make a cool entrant into The Metal Hurlant Chronicles on Syfy.

Casting call:
Jonah Hill could have been Val in the years immediately following when he did Superbad.


Faceless in Halukan:
Favorite Character:
Bink Ottoman. Bink is a tragic character just trying to survive.

Least Favorite Character:
Sutchi is a shark using everyone and everything to feed his appetites.

Character I Most Identified With:
Bink Ottoman forced into acting against his own best interest by circumstances beyond his control.

The Feel:
There is a sharp feeling of sadness in all things Bink, especially in his interactions with Laan Ve.

Favorite Scene:
Holoworld sounds both awesome and superficial at the same time.

The identity theft of Laan Ve comes across as very sad. The way its done. The way it is forced on them. The way that Bink sees something human in the artist and di-hydra addict that could save him before being the scorpion that he is and stinging the frog.

Pacing:
This story moves along at a good pace.

Plot Holes/Out of Character:
It’s never said in the text, but I’m almost certain that Sutchi set Bink up. Set him up for getting robbed by the dude hiding inside the cute blonde holo and for being duped in the holo artist’s lounge and, then, offered up as a free sample of his true face for the sundry populace to parade around the terraces and bridges of Halukan in.

Hmm Moments:
The cute blonde being revealed in the mirror that under her holos is a fat middled aged perv with man boobs, moobs, and cold sores. The holographs that people wear isn’t just a masquerade, it’s also camouflage. The description of the guy under the cute blonde artifice is so gross, down to the tufts of black hair.

The holo identity theft routine is awesome...and horrible.

The way that the interlocking stories of the book seem to take place in and around airships and skyhouses makes me wonder what the problem with the ground is far below and worlds away.

Why isn’t there a screenplay?
Spun into a screenplay, this would be a tragedy. But it could be lengthened into a feature.

Casting call:
With the holos playing such a large part in this, many actors could play the same character over the course of the movie.



Ma-Ma:
Favorite Character:
Katya Sushi, the carrier

The Feel:
This one feels close and on the edge. The main character is all in and then not. She has that invincible edge to her to start with and you can feel it wear off over the course of the story as her true situation is revealed.

Favorite Scene:
When Katya has her dawning in the customs office in India, as she stands on solid ground, a rarity in this world of high houses and floating cities, as she realizes what kind of carrier she truly is.

Pacing:
The pace of this one is awesome.

Plot Holes/Out of Character:
We’re left to ponder whether Bouboucar had Katya watched the entire way or not. The only agent of his that we are sure of is Lucian when he confronts Katya in the lobby-lounge on Ma-Ma 2

Hmm Moments:
When the customs officials throw the Genku C plague ridden woman out the door of the transport to her death in the waters far below even though she claims that it is non transmissible.

Why isn’t there a screenplay?
This one with it’s tenor and subject matter could totally play in a Metal Hurlant, Twilight Zone, or Heavy Metal context.

Casting call:
Lucy Liu as Bouboucar, the big bad terrorist who doesn’t get her hands dirty.



Nemutaph:
Favorite Character:
Del aka Delphine Desangua

Least Favorite Character:
Nemutaph, the opera singer who made himself into a castrati after spending time in an insane asylum and beginning to cut and bit off his appendages.

The Feel:
This one feels like a CSI episode...a bit...in a through the looking glass kind of way.

Favorite Scene:
When Del hits on the solution.

Pacing:
Well paced.

Why isn’t there a screenplay?
The bones of this could be adapted for CSI, NCIS, et al.



Katya in Quarantine:
Favorite Character:
Katya Sushi

Favorite Scene:
Messing with the witch doctor.

Hmm Moments:
Katya is an evil creature of circumstance. She is an ultimate bio weapon. Infected with whatever her employers want her to carry, either to infect the local populace or to get a pathogen passed customs and bio filters, she can get it there...regardless of the consequences. Her seeing herself in brotherhood with the Angel of Death walking London at the time of the Bubonic Plague is a telling bit. Her feeling pride in the fear that she is fomenting among the populace is more telling. She is as big a monster as Bouboucar, her employer and used to be a more famous terrorist than she is.

I find it interesting that in the earlier story in which Katya appeared, I was thinking of her as an antihero. Now, I can only consider her a villain. She has gone over to the darkside, assuredly. Though with the type of work she was wanting to do, how I saw her in that other light. Shrug. Sympathy for her condition and the feeling that she was being left high and dry, I guess. That’s all gone. She is a monster.

She may be a monster, but she isn’t very smart. Revealing herself and what she is to the “dream girl” and, then, going out and getting into the middle of that voodoo parade was just stupid for someone trying to lie low.

Course how smart is someone who allows themselves to be infected with all kinds of plague and virus to transport it and trusting that the criminals that you work for and the criminals that they do business with are going to give you the medicine to fix you up on the other end of the journey or the job. Just not smart.


The Future of Lole San Paulo:
Favorite Character:
Bink Ottoman, though I’m not sure if this is the same Bink Ottoman from the earlier story or if this is a clone of that Bink Ottoman. The origin of this one is fascinating. The other version seemed older.

Least Favorite Character:
You just knew that there was betrayal in the works here. But until the end you can’t be sure if Bink is going to betray Lole or the other way around or if they are both going to end up afoul of Mr. Sutchi.

The Feel:
This has a great sci fi, gladiator pit feel to it.

Favorite Scene:
The monster fight reminds me of Return of the Jedi. Although, Lole doesn’t have any love for his creations.

Pacing:
The pace of this was excellent.

Hmm Moments:
The regrowing limbs and organs of the clone is a great touch.

Why isn’t there a screenplay?
This could make a full length feature.

Casting call:
Love to see Hugo Weaving as Lole.

Maybe Chandler Riggs as this version of Bink Ottoman.


How You Make the Straight:
Favorite Character:
Mink is a good character. The ability to look into the minds of those around you when their guards are down would be cool. Though there are probably some things that you wouldn’t want to know.

Favorite Scene:
The rat hunt at the poker game in the floating, hi-town, pirate haven, airship casino.

Pacing:
Best paced story of the collection through this point.

Hmm Moments:
Okay. Ottoman isn’t a family name. It’s the Ottoman sky pirates clan or whatever they call their gang. Jean is a pirate king. Bink is a thief and a organ bank

Why isn’t there a screenplay?
This one could make a movie as well. The elements here could lend themselves to a longer form easily.



Mother and Daughter:
Least Favorite Character:
Bouboucar. She is something else. This whole series of stories was largely her story. She was a facilitator and a terrorist and evil. You learn more about her and her daughter in the moment that she realizes that her daughter had pushed the little girl off the boardwalk of the floating city.

The Feel:
This was too short. But I guess it’s purpose was to show us that Bouboucar was a mother and that her daughter was a chip off the old block.




Last Page Sound:
Hmpf! These aren’t as interconnected as advertised. The stories feature many of the same characters, but what happens in one story doesn’t necessarily have any continutity with another. The only one that really seemed to have cross continuity was the ones featuring Katya Sushi.

Author Assessment:
I’m digging the prose and style of RJ Astruc. Nice flow and action mixed with just the right amount of exposition. Might take a look at more stuff by this author.

Editorial Assessment:
The quality between the stories is very wide. Some good, some horrible. Author should have been pushed on some of these shorts to either rewrite them or dump them from the story and if they plot points of the story were necessary to figure out a way to include them in one of the others.

Knee Jerk Reaction:
meh!

Disposition of Book:
e-Book

Would recommend to:
no one


          Happy 50th Birthday        
Hi, everyone!  This week's Inspiration Challenge over at Splitcoast is to find inspiration from Washi Arts.....I chose these metallic papers since the colors reminded me of the designer paper I used to make this 50th birthday card for my brother-in-law.  I love when designer paper does most of the work....this Artistic Outpost 'Vagabond Treasures' Paper Collection is so perfect for guy cards!  The numbers were cut in black with the ODBD Custom Large Numbers Dies and popped up with foam tape over the designer paper panel which was cut out with the ODBD Custom Double Stitched Rectangles Dies.  The sentiments stamps from the ODBD 'Celebration' set were stamped in black, then cut out with the ODBD Custom Pennant Flags Dies set; the longest pennant die was used for each, but 're-sized' to fit the words perfectly.  Some black twine was used as the only embellishment so that the card would be mostly flat for mailing.

ODBD Celebration, ODBD Custom Large Numbers Dies, ODBD Custom Double Stitched Rectangles Dies, ODBD Custom Pennant Flags Dies, Artistic Outpost Vagabond Treasures Paper Collection, Card Designer Angie Crockett

Thanks for stopping by!

Blessings,

ODBD Designer Angie Crockett


          Review: Wanderlove by Kirsten Hubbard        

WanderloveIt all begins with a stupid question: Are you a Global Vagabond? No, but 18-year-old Bria Sandoval wants to be. In a quest for independence, her neglected art, and no-strings-attached hookups, she signs up for a guided tour of Central America—the wrong one. Middle-aged tourists with fanny packs are hardly the key to self-rediscovery. When Bria meets Rowan, devoted backpacker and dive instructor, and his outspokenly humanitarian sister Starling, she seizes the chance to ditch her group and join them off the beaten path. Bria's a good girl trying to go bad. Rowan's a bad boy trying to stay good. As they travel across a panorama of Mayan villages, remote Belizean islands, and hostels plagued with jungle beasties, they discover what they've got in common: both seek to leave behind the old versions of themselves. And the secret to escaping the past, Rowan’s found, is to keep moving forward. But Bria comes to realize she can't run forever, no matter what Rowan says. If she ever wants the courage to fall for someone worthwhile, she has to start looking back.


Wanderlove by Kirsten Hubbard
Published: March 13, 2012 by Delacorte books for young readers via Netgalley
Source: I received this book from the publisher in exchange for an honest and thoughful review.
Purchase:
Amazon, Barnes and Noble

My Thoughts:

I have to say this; I loved the raw and beautiful writing style of the author. Her words were magical and I just wanted to hang on to every word I read and savor it.

Bria Sandoval has just graduated high school and is trying to figure out what she’s going to do with her life; she’s also dealing with having her heart broken. Bria and her two best friends decide that they needed a break and should travel to Europe in the summer before starting college. Her friends end up backing out and Bria finds herself booking a trip with the Global Vagabond Tour group for a three week excursion traveling the ancient Mayan ruins.

This is where Bria’s journey begins, she finds herself traveling to a foreign country alone to prove that she can do things on her own when everyone else doubts her. After the break up, Bria feels as if she has lost her way and what defines her as an individual. She’s trying to figure things out as she travels amongst strangers in Guatemala from city to city.

An unfortunate event introduces Bria to Rowan, a seasoned backpacker who invites her to a party at the island he’s staying at. This is where everything changes for her, she somehow finds herself ditching the Global Vagabond tour group and accompanying Rowan and his sister backpacking city to city.

She’s lost what defines her as a person, she’s lost her love for art and everything she holds dear to herself. This book was so much more than just a book about a girl traveling it’s about finding yourself and that things happen for a reason although you might not necessarily know what they are at the time. It’s about discovery and learning that you can overcome even what seems to be the hardest thing to deal with in your life at the time.

After reading this book, I wanted to do two things;
a.       Pick up a backpack and go backpacking across Central America, even though I'm definitely not in my twenty's anymore.
b.      I felt inspired to do something more, to not give up on something that I might love just because the circumstances aren’t right.

I absolutely adored this story; there was so much in the back story. The descriptions of her travels were beautiful and captivating. When Bria described locations I wanted to reach out and touch it, I wanted to take a deep breath and smell the air that she talked about. The author definitely has a way with words and painted the most beautiful story.

This book deserves 5 out of 5 stars.

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          Una denuncia dal Gabon: mercenari agiscono nel paese        
Raccogliamo e rilanciamo una notizia che ci arriva da una nostra fonte diretta in Gabon: mercenari del Burundi e del Chad agiscono nel paese seminando morte e paura, mentre l’esercito resta per larga parte immobile osservatore. La denuncia arriva alle nostre pagine dopo la tornata elettorale che ha visto ufficialmente prevalere l’attuale presidente il musulmano […]
          â€˜Losses’ by Robert Wexelblatt        
-Reviewed by Ian Chung– At first glance, the description of Robert Wexelblatt’s Losses on the Vagabondage Press website sounds promising:
          African Players with 10+ Goals in European Leagues - 2013/2014        
African players that scored 10 or more goals in top division European leagues in the 2013/2014 season.

Algeria
16 - El Arbi Hillel Soudani (Dinamo Zagreb: Croatia)

Angola
13 - Igor Vetokele (København: Denmark)

Cameroon
16 - Vincent Aboubakar (Lorient: France)
13 - Leandre Tawamba Kana (MFK Ružomberok: Slovakia)
11 - Mbilla Etame (Khazar Lankaran FK: Azerbaijan)
11 - Leonard Kweuke (Rizespor: Turkey)
10 - Maxim Choupo-Moting (Mainz: Germany)

Cape Verde Islands
11 - Garry Rodrigues (Levski Sofia: Bulgaria)
10 - Héldon (Sporting CP: Portugal)

Central African Republic
13 - Mouhamadou Habibou (KAA Gent: Belgium)

Comoros
15 - El Fardou Ben Nabouhane (Veria: Greece)

Congo
14 - Francis Litsingi (FK Teplice: Czech Republic)
10 - Prince Oniangué (Reims: France)

Côte d'Ivoire
20 - Yaya Touré (Manchester City: England)
18 - Seydou Doumbia (CSKA Moscow: Russia)
17 - Wilfried Bony (Swansea City: England)
16 - Salomon Kalou (Lille: France)
15 - Serge Deblé (FC Shirak: Armenia)
12 - Yannick Boli (Zorya Luhansk: Ukraine)
10 - Didier Drogba (Galatasaray: Turkey)

DR Congo
13 - Dieumerci Mbokani (Dynamo Kyiv: Ukraine)

Gabon
13 - Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (Borussia Dortmund: Germany)

Gambia
11 - Demba Savage (HJK: Finland)

Ghana
10 - David Accam (Helsingborg: Sweden)

Madagascar
10 - Anicet Andrianantenaina (FK Botev Plovdiv: Bulgaria)

Mali
12 - Cheick Diabaté (Bordeaux: France)
11 - Mustapha Yatabaré (Guingamp: France)

Morocco
17 - Aatif Chahechouhe (Sivasspor: Turkey)
15 - Abderrazak Hamdallah (Aalesund: Norway)
13 - Omar Er Rafik (Differdange: Luxembourg)
12 - Youssef El-Arabi (Granada: Morocco)

Nigeria
15 - Stanley Ohawuchi (Sliema: Malta)
14 - Ikechukwu Uche (Villarreal: Spain)
14 - Kennedy Igboananike (AIK: Sweden)
13 - Marco Tagbajumi (Ermis FC: Cyprus)
12 - Emmanuel Emenike (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
11 - Alfred Effiong (Qormi: Malta)
11 - Obinna Obiefule (Hibernians: Malta)
11 - Abiola Dauda (Crvena Zvezda: Serbia)
10 - Imoh Ezekiel (Standard Liege: Belgium)
10 - Sylvester Igboun (Midtjylland: Denmark)
10 - Adeshina Lawal (B36 Tórshavn: Faroe Islands)
10 - Shola Shodiya (Birkirkara: Malta)
10 - Leke James (Aalesund: Norway)

Senegal
15 - Moussa Sow (Fenerbahçe: Turkey)
13 - Sadio Mané (FC Red Bull Salzburg: Austria)
13 - Dame N'Doye (Lokomotiv Moscow: Russia)
12 - Baye Omar Niasse (Akhisar Belediyespor: Turkey)
10 - Ibrahim Sidibé (Debrecen: Hungary)
10 - Malek Mane (Sogndal: Norway)
10 - Lamine Diarra (Antalyaspor: Turkey)

Togo
11 - Emmanuel Adebayor (Tottenham Hotspur: England)

Tunisia
17 - Hamdi Harbaoui (KSC Lokeren: Belgium)


Stats from European 'Summer' leagues in Scandinavia and elsewhere are from the completed 2013 season.

          One Laptop per Child in Gabon: Further Expansion in French Speaking Africa        
We just launched a new program in Gabon. From the press release: MIAMI–(BUSINESS WIRE)–One Laptop per Child (OLPC), a nonprofit organization with a mission to provide every child in the world access to new channels of learning, sharing and self-expression, … Continue reading
          Cameroun : Pourquoi les hôpitaux camerounais font-ils peur ?        

Hopitaux_Camerounais270117700

De l’immense défaite et de l’humiliation constante que nos dirigeants entretiennent, la plus inacceptable est sans doute notre incapacité à avoir chez nous aussi des hôpitaux où nous pouvons aller nous faire soigner en toute confiance.

Nous n’avons même pas été capables d’entretenir les infrastructures hospitalières que le système colonial nous avait laissées. Et pourtant dans le domaine de la formation des cadres hospitaliers, le Cameroun a aujourd’hui de nombreux spécialistes qui font la fierté des hôpitaux européens ou nord américains. Ils sont partis en raison des incohérences de l’État phagocyté par la corruption et incapable de valoriser les métiers liés à la santé de nos populations.

Observez bien l’infirmier du dispensaire du village ou la sage-femme d’une maternité, perdus au fond du village, pensez-vous que leurs métiers sont valorisés par l’Etat, quand ils se retrouvent sans médicament en cas de morsure de serpent ou de l’urgence d’une césarienne en pleine nuit dans des contrées sans route?

Le contribuable camerounais est condamné à se faire soigner dans des dispensaires ou hôpitaux sans médicaments. Le mal est tel que si un pays étranger offre demain un hôpital tout neuf avec le matériel nécessaire au Cameroun, il ne sera même pas entretenu et dans les trois ans qui suivront tout deviendra méconnaissable.

Le malade au Cameroun doit venir avec l'argent et les médicaments pour être soigné. Le malade doit payer les gangs pour le chirurgien, les fils et les aiguilles pour les points de sutures et parfois son matelas pour l’hospitalisation par terre dans un couloir de l’hôpital.

Que de fois n'a-t-on été le témoin proche ou éloigné d'un décès qu'on attribue à une négligence médicale ou un manquement professionnel grave ? Vous êtes sans doute au courant qu'un médecin est décédé l'année dernière à l’hôpital général de Douala, suite d'une négligence médicale, parce que les médecins demandaient l'argent avant tout traitement. Vous voyez là, un médecin qui a fuit l'hôpital où il travaille pour aller se faire soigner ailleurs, toujours au Cameroun.

Faites un tour dans les urgences des CHU de Douala, Yaoundé, pour voir de vos yeux ce qu’est le visage de l’enfer ici bas

Ce n’est un secret pour personne encore moins une hypocrisie pour un touriste qui arrive pour la première fois au Cameroun. L’état désastreux de certains de nos hôpitaux et de nos dispensaires constitue l’une des causes de la grande mortalité au Cameroun, en passant par le manque des appareils médicaux fiables, la qualité douteuse des médicaments souvent prescrits par les médecins, l’accueil dans les services hospitaliers etc.

Le premier contact du patient avec l’hôpital ne se passe pas toujours dans de bonnes conditions. Les visages crispés des infirmières et des comportements frisant le mépris sont servis la plupart du temps aux malades. Pour un moindre service, il faut corrompre, du vigile jusqu’au vendeur du ticket d’accès, tout se « négocie ».

Dans les campagnes et même dans certaines de nos cités, on découvre la précarité, la misère et la saleté dans nos unités hospitalières. Si ce n’est pas de l’eau potable qui fait défaut, ce sera le manque d’électricité.

A Douala par exemple, on a peu de lits dans les hôpitaux publics. Ainsi, les malades sont choisis par degrés divers. Les malades se plaignent des discriminations et des attitudes pas toujours avenantes. " Lorsque le patient arrive on ouvre un dossier. Si le cas est urgent, il bénéficie d’un pack en deuxième intention, mais en réalité, il n’y a pas de pack aux urgences et les familles doivent s’en charger. Pour les plus démunis, on se débrouille ", lance une infirmière.

C'est ici que l'on rencontre des personnels de santé qui, confrontés à des conditions de vie difficile, sont souvent davantage préoccupés à compléter leurs revenus qu’à dispenser des soins, à tel point que l’on peut arriver à se demander pourquoi les patients se rendent encore dans des établissements de soins

A Ngaoundal, on crie au manque de personnel. Le constat s’étend à la quasi totalité des formations sanitaires publiques et privées du Cameroun : les personnel manquent, et les malades abondent. Pourtant, les problèmes responsables de cette crise sont connus.

De récentes statistiques font état d’une répartition de 2 médecins pour 1000 camerounais. Cette statistique bien que déjà insoutenable sur le papier, prend une portée plus terrifiante sur le terrain, qu’on soit en zone rurale ou en zone urbaine, dans des établissements publics ou en clientèle privée.

De nombreux hôpitaux publics du Cameroun sont touchés par le départ des médecins et autres spécialistes de soins de santé qui vont vers le secteur privé local ou les bureaux des organisations internationales, installés en Afrique, qui offrent des salaires plus attractifs. D`autres encore préfèrent aller vers l`Europe et les Etats-Unis d`Amérique où, selon eux, ils pourraient trouver de meilleures conditions de travail.

Vous n’avez sûrement jamais été dans une salle d’hospitalisation au Cameroun, à contempler les gestes d’un malade qui se nettoie le cul après s’être soulagé dans un seau fermé et dissimulé sous son lit. Ça ne prête aucunement à rire, mais, posez vous la question sur son geste. Il vous répondra que les toilettes ne fonctionnent plus depuis belle lurette et que l'eau du robinet ne coule plus.

Malheureusement, ce sont les malades qui font les frais de ces manquements dans nos formations sanitaires. A regarder de près les souffrances que les patients endurent dans nos hôpitaux, on a l’impression de l’inexistence de l’Etat.

Les personnels hospitaliers, à cause de la misère, sont devenus des caricatures : paresseux, négligents et résolument vénaux, comme si être malade suppose forcément que le patient possède tout-à-coup, des millions à jeter par la fenêtre. Au Cameroun, si tu es malade et que tu n’as pas l’argent, tu meurs

Les sept hôpitaux nationaux, les plus équipés du pays, et considérés comme des centres de référence, sont concentrés à Yaoundé et Douala , les deux plus grandes villes du pays pendant que les autres villes continuent à s’accrocher à des bâtiments coloniaux avec des équipements approximatifs.

Le paludisme tue ainsi que les maladies liées à l’infection au Vih, à la tuberculose, à l’hypertension etc.… Le sida continue sa triste besogne pendant que les ARV sont détournés au niveau du service du ministère de la santé public qui s’occupe de sa distribution dans l’arrière pays. Jour comme nuit, on ne cesse d’enterrer dans nos cimetières à cause de la misère, des erreurs médicales, des manques de soins appropriés etc. Un hôpital n’est quand même pas un camp d’extermination...

Comment comprendre qu'un simple mal de tête puisse amener quelqu'un à la morgue, quelques heures à peine avoir été conduit dans l'un des hôpitaux qu'on cite comme de référence au Cameroun?
Certains de nos hôpitaux emprisonnent même les patients.... Tout simplement parce qu'ils n'ont pu solder une dette, après avoir reçu des soins

Dans les campagnes, les hôpitaux très sales ne sont que des salles de transit pour la mort donnant ainsi l’image triste d’un pays malade. Comment se faire hospitaliser par exemple à l’hôpital de district de Bonassama quand il n’y a pas de lit, de matelas dans les chambres d’hospitalisation ? Comment parvenir à acheter les médicaments quand on les retrouvent quelques fois à des prix exorbitants ? Sommes nous en train de vivre dans un pays devenu le berceau de la mort ?

Dans un pays où l'insécurité sanitaire est grandissant, dans un pays où on meurt à l'entrée des hôpitaux par manque de soins, dans un pays où les détenteurs du pouvoir et les mieux nantis se soignent plutôt à l'étranger, les Camerounais n’ont qu’une crainte majeure qui hante les esprits : celle de tomber malade et de devoir affronter la misère noire des hôpitaux.

Nos contradicteurs, qui n’ont que leurs visions calculatrices et égoïstes comme buts de vie, chercheront ici des mauvaises intentions dans notre questionnement. Non, il s’agit ici de réaction légitime sur l'état d'un système en pleine décrépitude .

Nous faisons le pari ici et devant vous que celui qui fait un tel raisonnement sera perçu chez nous comme un ennemi de l’Etat et de son gouvernement.

La mort pitoyable du président gabonais, le mollah de Libreville, El Hadj Omar, Albert Bernard Bongo à Barcelone le 08.juin 2009, fut une honte pour l’Afrique. Voilà quelqu’un qui après plus de 40 ans de règne n’a même pas été capable de construire un seul hôpital digne de ce nom dans son pays.

Le président Bongo, a pu assister lui-même à sa propre fin, à la mort de sa femme, à la faillite morale, économique et sociale du Gabon et à sa propre fin de vie dans des conditions humiliantes dans un hôpital étranger. Nous ne souhaitons pas que ce soit le cas au Cameroun. Est ce que nos dirigeants se servent de leçons pour corriger leurs erreurs ?

– Le Président ghanéen, Kwamé Nkrumah est mort le 27 avril 1972 à Bucarest en Roumanie, d’un cancer de l’estomac, à cette époque il n’exerçait plus de fonctions officielles.

– Le Président algérien, Houari Boumediene, après avoir été soigné à Moscou, est décédé le 17 décembre 1978 d’une Tumeur cérébrale, à l’hôpital Moustapha Bacha, d’Alger.

– Le président angolais, Dr Agostino Neto, est lui aussi mort à Moscou officiellement des suites d’une intervention chirurgicale, le 10 septembre 1979.

– Le président guinéen, Ahmed Sékou Touré, pour respecter la phraséologie révolutionnaire, est mort sur la table d’opération du Mémorial Hôpital, sur les bords du Lac Erié à Cleveland dans l’Ohio aux USA. Le 26 mars 1984. Il souffrait d’une déchirure de l’aorte.

– Le Général Seyni Kountché, Président du Niger est mort le 10 novembre 1987, à l’Hôpital de la Pitié-Salpêtrière de Paris des suites d’une tumeur cérébrale.

– Le 30 novembre 1989, l’ancien président camerounais Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo, meurt en exil à Dakar au Sénégal, d’une dépression et d’un diabète avancé.

– Le 7 décembre 1993 Félix Houphouët-Boigny, le président de la Côte d’Ivoire meurt officiellement à Yamoussoukro, après une opération relative à un cancer généralisé de la prostate à l’hôpital Cochin à Paris en France.

– Le 7 septembre 1997, mourrait à Rabat au Maroc, le Maréchal Mobutu Sésé Séko, ancien président du Zaïre, des suites d’un cancer généralisé de la prostate, après une opération au CHIV de Lausanne en Suisse.

– Le Muwalimu, Julus Nyéréré, meurt lui le 14 octobre 1999 dans un hôpital londonien des suites d’une insuffisance rénale

Nous arrêtons ici ce chapelet macabre pour aller à l’essentiel et vous dire que la santé est le bien le plus précieux des êtres humains et quand on est président, la première des choses à faire est de donner au pays qu’on dirige un système sanitaire de qualité, permettant à ses concitoyens de se soigner dans de meilleures conditions.

L’hôpital, comme expression de notre indépendance, est une réalité de notre temps, le président, Nelson Mandela, qui souffrait d’une infection pulmonaire avait reçu tous les soins relatifs à sa santé au Mediclinic Heart Hospital de Pretoria.

Le Roi Hassan II du Maroc est mort le 23 juillet 1999, au palais royal de Rabat aux mains d’une équipe médicale Marocaine.

Le président Ghanéen John Atta-Mills est décédé le 12 juillet 2012, à l’hôpital militaire d’Accra.

Nous espérons qu’au Cameroun, un esprit nouveau émergera, pour mettre l’hôpital au cœur de toutes les préoccupations


Hugues Bertin SEUMO


          Northeastern Quartersphere - Wikipedia        

Northeastern Quartersphere

This is the Wikipedia article for "Northeastern Quartersphere" as it appeared on January 26, 2012, shortly prior to its expected deletion as original research.

The terms Northeastern Quarter or Northeastern Quadrant or simply Northeast are sometimes applied to the portion of the Northern Hemisphere in the Eastern Hemisphere or vice versa. If it's lateral boundaries are based on the Prime Meridian, this region includes most of Asia and Europe, a large portion of Africa and some islands in Oceania. The Northeast covers about two fifths of the Earth's land surface area and hosts 75-80% of the world's population. It is the only quarter bounded by the Prime Meridian and Equator that is mostly land. The Northeast hosts about two fifths of the world's economic activity.
Eastern portion of Earth's Northern Hemisphere

Countries

* Europe
o If the Prime Meridian is used as the Western boundary, all except Portugal, most of the United Kingdom, much of Spain and France. If the 20th meridian west, then all of Europe.

* Africa
o If the Prime Meridian is the lateral boundary, then all of Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, most of Somalia, most of Kenya, most of Uganda, Southern Sudan, part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, parts of Gabon, parts of Equatorial Guinea, parts of Rio Muni, parts of Sao Tome and Principe, Cameroon, Nigeria, Benin, Chad, most of Niger, part of Mali, most of Algeria, Libya and Tunisia are in this region. If the 20th meridian west is used, then all of Africa North of the Equator.

* Asia
o all except some portions of Indonesia.

* Oceania
o If Prime Meridian is used as the lateral boundary, then Palau, Guam, the Marianas Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, part of Kiribati and Wake Island. If the 20th meridian west is used as the boundary in the West and the 160th meridian east in the East, then only Palau, Guam, the Marianas, and the Federated States of Micronesia.

Bodies of water

* The Arctic Ocean in the Eastern Hemisphere,
* The Western portion of the North Sea, most of the Mediterranean Sea, and all of the Baltic Sea and Black Sea of the Atlantic Ocean,
* The Red Sea, Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal in the Indian Ocean,
* The Eastern Bering Sea, the Sea of Okhotsk, the Sea of Japan/East Sea, the Yellow Sea, East China Sea the South China Sea, the Philippine Sea, Sulu Sea, Celebes Sea, Gulf of Thailand and open ocean in the Eastern Pacific Ocean.
          Pures Merveilles sur Elle aiMe         
déjà mon esprit vagabonde sur ta base de travail...
j'imagine; j'anticipe... je rêve... tu es une magicienne!!!
          Petite mise au point sur le blog des vagabonds        
Ce blog a déjà presque 7 ans d’existence et pourtant, j’ai l’impression d’y écrire pour la première fois… Pardon si ce premier article vous semble arriver bien tard et s’annonce laborieux (voir même carrément ennuyeux, vu que j’ai pas de photo pour l’illustrer !). Il y a 7 ans, nous étions des expats en herbe, […]
          Les Vagabonds – Episode 3        
Les vagabonds sont de retour sur la toile, après plus de 3 ans. Nous avons à présent un joli nom de domaine, un nouveau visuel (en cours d’étude conceptuelle), et surtout … de nouvelles histoires à partager en Asie ! Pour l’instant le blog est en reconstruction : récupérer les anciennes données sur OverBlog, vérifier […]
          Is African Mango Good for Weight Loss (or Another Myth)?        
african mango

African mango, or also known as wild mango, bush mango, dika nut or the Latin name Irvingia gabonensis (IG) is comes from a tree in Central and Western Africa. African mango has been featured as a new weight loss supplement promoted to help lower belly fat and may even help with insulin sensitivity and blood […]

The post Is African Mango Good for Weight Loss (or Another Myth)? appeared first on Calorie Secrets.


          Book Review: Tigerheart by Peter David        
If you read comics through the 90’s you undoubtedly read something written by Peter David. For me I had been reading him for years before I realized it, going back to find that my favorite titles and stories were penned by him. He has the ability to make even the most far fetched worlds and characters relatable like no other. On top of that he is the Bart Star of the comic world in that no matter how good of a person you think you are, every time you hear a story about him, you feel like a jerk.

So one night as I was killing time in a book store (as the wife was shopping for clothes and mercifully left me off of my leash) I saw his name on the dust jacket above a beautiful illustration of a pirate ship sailing in the night. I grabbed it without hesitation, since to this day I have never been disappointed in anything Mr. David has written.

Tigerheart is my favorite form of story telling; pure. It is filled with a charming innocence that is needed every now and then these days where most stories have a cynical or dark edge. That’s not to say those kind of stories can’t be enjoyable, that’d just be silly coming from a man who’s favorite author is Richard Matheson. But no, Tigerheart is fun, full of humor, adventure, and most of all, adventure.

The story follows the adventure of Paul Dear, a young boy who’s father raised him with tales of the Boy, or as we know him, Peter Pan. But what everyone doesn’t know is that Paul has met the Boy several times and because of the Boy, Paul knows how to talk to animals and fairies, and play all the best games of the Anyplace (Neverneverland). See Paul’s mother is incredibly sad so he heads off to the Anyplace to find what his mother needs to smile again (I’m being purposefully vague there to not spoil anything).

The book is full of slight changes to names, Captain Hack instead of Captain Hook, Gwenny instead of Wendy, Vagabonds instead of the Lost Boys, all of which is explained at the end of the book along with a notation that all proceeds from the book were being donated to Great Ormond Street Hospital in London, the same children’s hospital that was given the copyright for Peter Pan from J.M. Barrie. Note: Peter Pan is in many ways free of copyright laws so technically Mr. David had no legal obligation to do this. And just typing that made me feel like a jerk.

The only cautionary note I can place with this is that twice I had to stop reading because I started to choke up. And at the same time that is praise for the book’s ability to pull you in and make you feel for the characters. There were also several moments where I caught myself taking a gasp in shock only to realize how silly that must seem to any observing me. But the greatest praise I have for this book is that it may possibly now be my favorite book, replacing The Princess Bride which anyone who knows me has undoubtedly heard me go on at length over how amazing it is.

If you love pure story telling, read this. If you love being taken on an adventure, read this. If you love stories that make the child that still takes flight to the Anyplace as you sleep dance in excitement, then you should definitely read Peter David’s, Tigerheart.
          Nectar Vagabond Polarized Sunglasses in Transparent Orange and Amber Fade        
Nectar Vagabond Polarized  Sunglasses in Transparent Orange and Amber Fade

Nectar Vagabond Polarized Sunglasses in Transparent Orange and Amber Fade

Colour: Transparent Orange and Amber Fade 100% UV Protection Polarised 1.1mm TAC lenses Impact resistant polycarbonate lenses Scratch resistant film over all lenses Stainless steel optical hinges Durable polycarbonate frame Optimum impact resist frame material  Glare reduction Embossed logo Reduces blinding eyestrain off water and snow


          RH au bout du monde (3)        
Térence Bongo Nguema, Chef de Service recrutement et Intégration chez Société d'Energie et d'Eau du Gabon (SEEG filiale de Véolia) Térence a poursuivi ses études supérieures en France avant de prendre un poste au Gabon. Il ne découvre pas...
          Ecotourisme (chap 4 en 4ème)        

Quelques pistes pour aborder l'Ecotourisme (Chap4: Le Tourisme et ses espaces):

Emotion Planet écotourisme, naissance et philosophie:

  Espaces naturels:



Au Gabon:


Au Maroc:


En Gambie:




          LUCIAN de CORINA LUCIA COSTEA        
“Alo Eu sunt, Lucian ” Am împietrit în mijlocul străzii, în plină zi. “Am aflat numărul acesta de telefon de la sora ta. Am întâlnit-o acum câteva clipe. Se interesa de nu ştiu ce acte. Voiam să te sun de ziua ta, dar numărul pe care-l ştiam nu mai era valabil. Nici la fostul serviciu nu te-am găsit. Condoleanţe Am auzit şi de tatăl tău. Îmi pare tare rău.” Tremuram ca şi cuprinsă de friguri. Lacrimile mi se scurgeau de pe obraz, pe bărbie şi picurau în decolteul bluzei. Îmi muşcam buzele să nu se simtă reacţia mea. “E atât de cărunt îmi spunea sora mea. Acum vreo doi ani era doar uşor grizonat. Ce-o fi cu el ” Nu ştiu ce-o fi cu el ... pentru că nu mai ştiu nici ce e cu mine “El e verişorul meu. Cât eu sunt la armată şi vrei să ieşi în oraş sau la discotecă, să ieşi cu el. E un băiat binecrescut, politicos. Nu are rost să rişti, ca fată, şi să ieşi neînsoţită. Se pot lua tot felul de vagabonzi de tine”...aşa-mi spusese Mile, un băiat pe care-l cunoscusem pe la 19 ani, cu câteva săptămâni înainte de a pleca în armată (în anii 87-88). Mi-ar fi plăcut Mile...era ocrotitor, mă simţeam răsfăţată. Şi cui nu i-ar ...
          AVENTURILE MOTANULUI TRIŞPE de CORINA LUCIA COSTEA        
E o săptămână deja de când stăpânul său mi l-a adus în casă...prin poveste...pe năstruşnicul motan Trişpe. De fapt, nici nu era al lui, ci al fiicei sale, care tocmai îşi sărbătorea ziua de naştere. Mă uitam cu mare luare-aminte cine era oare mai “vagabond” prin lume…Trişpe sau stăpânul, care nu stătuse acasă la aniversare Devenisem eu tristă doar la gândul că, din raţiuni “de imagine şi popularitate”, un părinte îşi poate lăsa copilul singur de ziua lui. Un telefon...oricât de afectuos şi plin de promisiuni ar fi...nu ţine locul unei îmbrăţişări. Toată treaba...cu afecţiunea...cădea în sarcina lui Trişpe. Dacă dumneavoastră credeţi că nu s-a descurcat, vă înşelaţi Un motan negru, lucios, cu ochii verzi-fosforescenţi poate, dacă el vrea, să facă ravagii. N-a alergat vesel doar prin platourile cu ouă umplute, salată de beuf...ci mai ales s-a cocoţat în tort...unde a şi fost surprins lingând cu pasiune cifrele...1 era prea slab...dar 7 era perfect...şi pe lungime...şi pe lăţime. ...
          The Morning Sound Alternative 01-02-2015 with Meredith Carson        
Playlist:

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The Neville Brothers- Drift Away - Uptown
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Laurie Lewis- Love Chooses You - Love Chooses You
Amos Lee- El Camino - Mission Bell
Maura OConnell- Trouble In The Fields - Helpless Heart
Gillian Welch- Elvis Presley Blues - Time The Revelator
Maura OConnell- I Cant Make You Love Me - A Womans Heart 2
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Jesse Winchester- Dont Be Shy - A Reasonable Amount Of Trouble
Jesse Winchester- Its A Shame About Him - Love Filling Station
Jesse Winchester- All That We Have Is Now - A Reasonable Amount Of Trouble
Jesse Winchester- Far Side Bank Of Jordan - Love Filling Station
Chris Webster Nina Gerber- Sitting Here In Limbo - Apple Blossom Lane
Tom Rush- Joshua Gone Barbados - Tom Rush New Year
Randy Newman- Sail Away - The Randy Newman Songbook Vol 1
The New Basement Tapes- Card Shark - Lost On The River
The New Basement Tapes- Duncan And Jimmy - Lost On The River
The New Basement Tapes- The Whistle Is Blowing - Lost On The River Deluxe Version
The New Basement Tapes- Lost On The River 12 - Lost On The River
Various Artists- So Swell When Youre Well - The Best Of Louisiana Music
Raul Malo- Lucky One - Lucky One
Various Artists- I Never Fool Nobody But Me - The Best Of Louisiana Music
Various Artists- Mavis Staples Hard Times - Beautiful Dreamer Songs Of Stephen Foster
John Fullbright- Fat Man - From The Ground Up
Greg Trooper- Wouldnt That Be Love - Everywhere
CLAIRE LYNCH- Blue Water Holler - Love Light
Johnny Adams- Release Me - Reconsider Me
The Band- The Shape Im In Concert Version - The Last Waltz
The Band- I Shall Be Released Finale Concert Version Ensemble - The Last Waltz
Bob Dylan- On A Night Like This - Planet Waves
Kermit Ruffins- Monday Night In New Orleans - Cd
Evangeline Made- Vagabond Special - A Tribute To Cajun Music
Marcia Ball- Crawfishin - Let Me Play With Your Poodle
Compilation- Johnny Cant Dance - Louisiana Live From Mountain Stage
Zachary Richard- One KissCoda My French Blues Un Autre Baiser - Snake Bite Love
The Subdudes- Bye Bye - Lucky


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/64/playlistDate/2015-01-02
          The Morning Sound Alternative 08-22-2014 with Meredith Carson        
Playlist:

The Neville Brothers- Drift Away - Uptown
3 Twins- Date With An Angel - Trinkets
Prairie Oyster- Thats My Home - One Kiss
Kd Lang- Trail Of Broken Hearts - Absolute Torch And Twang
John Gorka- Blue Chalk - Between Five And Seven
Emmylou Harris- Racing In The Streets - Songbird
Bruce Springsteen Patti Scialfa- Linda Paloma - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
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Joni Mitchell- You Turn Me On - Hits
Hart Rouge- Love At The Five And Dime - Beaupres Home
Marc Cohn- Listening To Levon Live - Join The Parade Live EP
Mollie OBrien- Rivers Invitation - 900 Baseline
Jesse Winchester- If I Were Free - Humour Me
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Blackie The Rodeo Kings- 49 Tons - Swinging From The Chains Of Love Best Of Collection
Fred Eaglesmith- Good Enough - DriveIn Movie
Dexter Payne Quartet 1- Alma Brasileira - Pra Voce
John Mooney- Country Boy - Late Last Night
Compilation- Such A Night - Louisiana Live From Mountain Stage
The Band- Up On Cripple Creek Concert Version - The Last Waltz
Little Feat- Dixie Chicken - The Best Of Little Feat With Interactive Booklet Remastered
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Delbert McClinton- Victim Of Lifes Circumstances - Honky Tonk n Blues
Ry Cooder- The Girls From Texas - Borderline
Various Artists- Lucinda Williams Passionate Kisses - Four Decades Of Folk Rock
Smokin Joe Kubek Bnois King- My Hearts In Texas - My Hearts In Texas
Lyle Lovett- Long Tall Texan - The Road To Ensenada
- voicebreak -
Professor Longhair- Hey Now Baby - Rock n Roll Gumbo
Regina Carter- Blues De Basile - Southern Comfort
Compilation- La Toussaint - Louisiana Live From Mountain Stage
Marcia Ball- Im Just A Prisoner - Let Me Play With Your Poodle
JoEl Sonnier- Mamou Two Step - Cajun Pride
Irma Thomas- Dr Feelgood - Story Of My Life
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Evangeline Made- Vagabond Special - A Tribute To Cajun Music
Kermit Ruffins- Monday Night In New Orleans - Cd
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playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/64/playlistDate/2014-08-22
          The Morning Sound Alternative 06-27-2014 with Meredith Carson        
Playlist:

The Neville Brothers- Drift Away - Uptown
Devon Sproule- Plea For A Good Nights Rest - Upstate Songs
Kieran Kane- You Cant Save Everybody - You Cant Save Everybody
Kieran Kane- Everybodys Working For The Man Again - You Cant Save Everybody
Steve Forbert- Theres Everybody Else And Then Theres You - Just Like Theres Nothin To It
Preacher Boy- Nehemiah James - Demanding To Be Next
Tres Chicas- Desire - Sweetwater
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Tres Chicas- Heartbeat - Sweetwater
Lyle Lovett- The Road To Ensenada - The Road To Ensenada
The Band- Mystery Train - Moondog Matinee
Jesse Winchester- Talk Memphis - The Best Of Jesse Winchester
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Joni Mitchell- Carey - Hits
Various Artists- Blackbird Sharon Shannon - A Womans Heart
Various Artists- Summerfly Maura OConnell - A Womans Heart
Fred Eaglesmith- White Rose - DriveIn Movie
Ry Cooder- The Way We Make A Broken Heart - Borderline
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Hart Rouge- Grain De Mil - Beaupres Home
Pine Leaf Boys- Blues De Musicien - Blues De Musicien
Prairie Oyster- Drown Your Sorrows - One Kiss
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Vienna Teng- City Hall - Dreaming Through The Noise
Lucinda Williams- Passionate Kisses - Lucinda Williams Deluxe Edition
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Blackie The Rodeo Kings- 49 Tons - Swinging From The Chains Of Love Best Of Collection
Dexter Payne Quartet 1- Doce De Coco - Pra Voce
Rodney Crowell- The Long Journey Home - Tarpaper Sky
Marc Cohn- Listening To Levon Live - Join The Parade Live EP
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Lucinda Williams- Our Lady Of The Well - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
Bruce Hornsby- Im Alive - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
Eliza Gilkyson- Before The Deluge - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
JD Souther- My Opening Farewell - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
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Young Ancients- Nobody Loves You - Young Ancients
The Devil Makes Three- Hallelu - Im A Stranger Here
Evangeline Made- Vagabond Special - A Tribute To Cajun Music


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/64/playlistDate/2014-06-27
          The Morning Sound Alternative 05-23-2014 with Meredith Carson        
Playlist:

The Neville Brothers- Drift Away - Uptown
New Orleans Piano Professor- Tin Roof Blues - Tuts Washington
Dougie MacLean- Turning Away - Putumayo Presents The Dougie Maclean Collection
Gillian Welch- Elvis Presley Blues - Time The Revelator
Various Artists- Mavis Staples Hard Times - Beautiful Dreamer Songs Of Stephen Foster
Herb Pedersen Chris Hillman- Backporch Boy - Way Out West
Robert Earl Keen And The Sunshine Boys- Tulare DustTheyre Tearin The Labor Camps Down - Tulare Dust A Songwriters Tribute To Merle Haggard
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Rodney Crowell- The Flyboy The Kid - Tarpaper Sky
Laurie Lewis- Old Ten Broeck - Skippin And Flyin
Greg Trooper- Hummingbird - Floating
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David Greely- Cankton 2Step The Rolling Pin Special - Sud Du Sud
Young Ancients- Nobody Loves You - Young Ancients
Mollie OBrien Rich Moore- Looking For Trouble - 900 Baseline
Tom Rush- Joshua Gone Barbados - Tom Rush Live At Symphony Hall Boston
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Jimmy LaFave- For Everyman - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
Bruce Springsteen Patti Scialfa- Linda Paloma - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
Griffin House- Barricades Of Heaven - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
Shawn Colvin- Call It A Loan - Looking Into You A Tribute To Jackson Browne
- voicebreak -
Dexter Payne Quartet 1- Alma Brasileira - Pra Voce
Various Artists- Release Me Johnny Adams - New Orleans Soul 60s
Evangeline Made- Vagabond Special - A Tribute To Cajun Music
John Mooney- Country Boy - Late Last Night
Various Artists- Irma Thomas Back Water Blues - Our New Orleans
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Richard Thompson- Why Must I Plead - Rumor And Sigh
Maura OConnell- Trouble In The Fields - Helpless Heart
Amos Lee- El Camino - Mission Bell
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Gillian Welch- I Want To Sing That Rock And Roll - Time The Revelator
The Devil Makes Three- Hallelu - Im A Stranger Here
Stephen Bruton- It Is What It Is - What It Is
Delbert McClinton- When She Wants Good Lovin My Baby Comes To Me - Honky Tonk n Blues
Little Feat- Fat Man In The Bathtub - The Best Of Little Feat Remastered
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Various Artists- Lucinda Williams Passionate Kisses - Four Decades Of Folk Rock


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/64/playlistDate/2014-05-23
          Experiment #5: 3 months of vagabonding        

I’m very proud to present this experiment, the greatest so far. This time isn’t a “one month change of habits” kind of experiment as the previous ones.