25-Year-Old Dies After Botched Plastic Surgery        

( 4UMF NEWS ) 25-Year-Old Dies After Botched Plastic Surgery: A woman who died after getting plastic surgery in the Dominican Republic was in excruciating pain after she returned to the Bronx, a neighbor said Sunday. Janelle Edwards, 25, died Thursday of a blood clot caused by a breast enhancement, tummy tuck and butt implants […]

The post 25-Year-Old Dies After Botched Plastic Surgery appeared first on 4UMF | Current Events | Current News | Latest News.


          Comment on Samsung’s Insane 32:9 Gaming Monitor Puts Your Dual Monitor Setup To Shame by Top resorts in dominican republic        
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          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Insomnia Radio #182 – Around The World        
A marathon episode of Insomnia Radio, with bands from Canada, USA, Australia, Spain, The Dominican Republic, Argentina, Italy, Holland and Sweden. And there is a BIG announcement. TRT: 1:18:35 Rating: Probably Work Safe Track Listing and Links Pigeon Park: Lovelight Web Site | Bandcamp FINS: Lawnmower Bandcamp | Facebook Half Film: Machines, Hawks And The […]
          World: FPMA Bulletin #7, 10 August 2017        
Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Country: Argentina, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burundi, Cambodia, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Malawi, Mexico, Moldova, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Peru, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Ukraine, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Zambia

Key messages

  • International prices of wheat rose further in July on quality concerns, particularly for higher protein wheat, although upward pressure was limited by prospects of ample global supplies. Export prices of maize remained generally unchanged, while a slowdown in demand capped gains in rice quotations.
  • In East Africa, prices of cereals in most countries declined signi cantly for the second consecutive month in July with the new harvests, but remained generally higher than a year earlier. However, in Ethiopia, prices of maize surged further and reached record levels, underpinned by uncertain prospects for the 2017 crops.
  • In the CIS, prices of staple potatoes declined sharply from the record or near-record highs of June in most countries of the subregion with the beginning of the new harvest. Prices, however, remained higher than in July last year after the sharp increases of the past months.

          Video from South Korean launch of new iPad        

Today Apple launched the new iPad in an additional 12 countries around the world. While eleven of the countries -- Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, St Maarten, Uruguay and Venezuela -- are relatively small markets, the new iPad also went on sale in South Korea, one of the most technologically advanced countries on the planet and one of the major tech markets in Asia. Check out the video below, first posted by Apple 2.0, to see South Korean Apple fans lining up for the new tablet at a local Apple reseller.

Apple's new iPad international rollout isn't done for the month either. One week from today on Friday, April 27, Apple will begin selling the new iPad in an additional nine countries: Colombia, Estonia, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, South Africa and Thailand. The new iPad will then be available in 56 countries around the world.


          New iPad launching in 21 additional countries this month        

Apple today issued a press release announcing the new third-generation iPad will go on sale in another twleve countries starting on Friday, April 20. Notably, one of the twelve is the important South Korean market. The other eleven countries include Brunei, Croatia, Cyprus, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malaysia, Panama, St Maarten, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Then one week later on Friday, April 27, Apple will begin selling the new iPad in an additional nine countries: Colombia, Estonia, India, Israel, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, South Africa and Thailand. Both the Wi-Fi and 4G models will be on sale and available through Apple's online store and at select Apple Authorized Resellers.

The new iPad will be available in 56 countries around the world as of April 27th.


          iPhone in 29 new countries; unlocked in Hong Kong        

Our sister site Engadget reports that Apple is now offering unlocked iPhones in Hong Kong via its online store. HK$5,500 (≈ US$700) will buy you an 8GB model, HK$6,200 (≈ US$800) gets you 16GB.

The Apple Store's terms and conditions limit sales to individuals in Hong Kong only, but who knows what the gray market will bring.

Three Russian carriers will also begin selling unlocked iPhones on October 3, with the 8GB model selling for over US$900.

In related news, 29 new countries will begin selling the iPhone, some today: Botswana, Brazil, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Croatia, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Latvia, Lithuania, Madagascar, Mali, Malta, Mauritius, Nicaragua, Niger, Panama, Qatar, Senegal, South Africa, Turkey and Venezuela.

[Via IGM.]


          Sensational Sides: Mashed Plantains        
While on vacation in the Dominican Republic a few weeks ago, I was lucky enough to have time for a leisurely breakfast each day featuring a Dominican classic: mangu. Mangu is mashed plantains with butter or olive oil and can be served plain or, as I often ate it, with fried cheese. Back at home […]
          Duke cancels Dominican Republic trip, Coach K to have knee surgery        
Coach K has announced that Duke has canceled their trip to the Dominican Republic. Krzyzewski will have knee replacement surgery in the upcoming days.
          5 Tips To Luxury        















 











 Home | 5 Tips To Spend The Most Luxurious Caribbean Vacation You Ever Dreamed Of!







5 Tips To Spend The Most Luxurious Caribbean Vacation You Ever Dreamed Of!




Tip #1 : Buy a beach front Caribbean villa!
Buying Caribbean beach front property can range from a bargain to outrageous. This does not mean that the cheaper Caribbean beach front property is any less beautiful or luxurious than the more expensive ones, but rather means the location is different. For instance, Caribbean beach front property in the Bahamas is beautiful, over run with tourists, and incredibly expensive. However, Caribbean beach front property in the Dominican Republic is just as beautiful, has less tourists, and a considerably more affordable price tag.

Tip #2 : Rent a villa for your trip!
If you are not into real estate investment, why not rent a villa instead? Often, the price will not be a lot more expensive then an all inclusive package in a crowded hotel. And instead of having to eat buffet food for a week, you can cook your own meal, or even have someone do it for you!

Tip #3 : Rent a Caribbean island!
Did you know you can rent a whole island just for yourself? This can come with staff and everything you need to spend a luxurious vacation. It is also a very nice idea for a wedding!

Tip #4 : Charter a luxury Yacht!
If you are looking for something a little less extravagant then the huge private Yachts, and a lot more affordable then there are a variety of luxury yacht charters Caribbean providers that will also be able to meet your needs and your budget. The wonderful thing about he Caribbean is no matter what your budget, preferences, and schedule there is someone who will be able to provide exactly what you are looking for.

Tip #5 : Contact a Caribbean holiday specialist
Certainly, you can get online and start searching and learn everything there is to do in the Caribbean, however it is certainly a lot easier to simply employ Caribbean holiday specialists to help you plan your vacation. Not only will this save you time, but it will also save you money because more often than not Caribbean holiday specialists are aware of different discounts and preferred rates. They have insight and knowledge and many years experience booking Caribbean vacations, where you will have to do some serious work and effort to plan the vacation yourself.

About the Author

http://www.luxury-caribbean-vacation.com "> Luxury Caribbean Vacation offers information about luxury services available in the Caribbean : villa rental, Caribbean real estate, yacht and sailboat rental and private aircraft charter. If you want the services of a REAL, knowledgeable travel agent, this is the pace to go!



Written by: Stephanie Hetu





 






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NEWS



 












          When It Comes to Flu Shots, the More Influenza Strains, the Better        
Researchers conducted a test of the new four-strain influenza vaccine, available for the first time this year, to determine how well it protected against the flu in young children. The four strain vaccine, which protects against four types of influenza–two viruses from the A class and two from the B class–does as good a job of protecting against flu than the three-strain shot, but is better at preventing moderate to severe disease than the traditional immunization. The international group of researchers, who described their findings in a report published in the New England Journal of Medicine, attributed the four-strain, or quadrivalent vaccine’s effectiveness to the fact that it contained both circulating B types of influenza. In previous years, in which only one of the B strains was included, the immunization had a 50-50 chance of being mismatched to the circulating virus, making it less effective. The scientists tested the quadrivalent flu vaccine in 2,379 children ages three to eight in Bangladesh, the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Lebanon, Panama, the Philippines, Thailand and Turkey and compared their rates of flu infection to a control group of 2398 children who received a hepatitis A vaccine. The study was sponsored by GlaxoSmithKline, which donated both vaccines for the trial. Compared to the control group, the four strain vaccine was 55% effective in protecting against flu. That’s similar to the efficacy of the three strain shots, but, the research team found, the quadrivalent shot was 70% effective in preventing more serious cases of the flu; most of the children who did get sick after getting vaccinated only had mild symptoms. The four-strain shot also resulted in 69% fewer medical visits, 75% fewer hospitalizations, 77% fewer absences from school, and 61% fewer parent absences from work. That’s an important benefit, since flu can result in lost school days for children and lower productivity for adults. “The efficacy of the vaccine was higher against moderate-to-severe disease–a potentially important end point associated with the highest clinical, social, and economic burden–than against illness of any severity,” the authors conclude.
          The End        
(This blog tracked my journey as a volunteer, and I hope you enjoyed reading along with my experiences during the last three years. If anyone out there is curious about the Dominican Republic or the Peace Corps, don’t hesitate to shoot me an email or comment!) “There is no real ending. It’s just the place […]
          COS Survey: Part II        
I spent my first two years here working on the unofficial Peace Corps Dominican Republic, the Gringo Grita. Every time a group leaves, the magazine prints interviews with each of them. My interview was published with my group’s issue (shout out to 517-12-01!) last May. A lot has happened since then, and I can do whatever […]
          Non-Stop Movement        
(First off, Happy Independence Day, Dominican Republic! The red, white and blue flags are out in force, there’s electricity all day, and the schools are all doing parades to honor the patria.) If you’re not a naturally itchy-footed nomad before you come to the Peace Corps, then it’s quite likely you’ll turn into one while […]
          Charles Rangel, You're A Sowwy Ass Wrascal, Wresign!        

 

Rangel Ethics With 13 charges brought against him by US House Of Representative Ethics Committee, Representative Charles Rangel of Harlem New York is following in President Clinton’s footsteps in addressing the issues before him.

 

 

 

Playboy Clinton The lawmaker said he saw no way in which the case would make him abandon public office.

To paraphrase, I am above the law, I am “The Black Bill Clinton”.

 

 

 

 

Explain to me a lay person, Mr. Rangel. How can the former Chairman of The House Ways and Means Committee who is responsible for writing tax laws forget to pay his “F'ng Taxes”?

Kind of like getting a BJ without calling it having sex! Heh-heh-heh-heh. Wright!

 

Charlie Rangel Is not reporting $600,000 income just an honest mistake? Or were you trying to defraud the IRS?

Wait don't incriminate yourself, after all you do not want your kids and grand kids to find out you might be a crook.

Ooh, you twickster!

 

 

Rangel On Beach Is that how you paid for this disgusting relaxing vacation in Dominican Republic?

 

 

Unfortunately, with just two of these charges against them most Americans would not come close to receiving the benefits and treatment you are being given.

You disgrace me with your arrogance. I would not even hope you would do the honorable thing and resign because it is obvious you have no honor.

 

Elmer Fudd Oh, gwacious!

 

 

 

 

 

 

I can only hope that your constituents are smart and courageous enough to look beyond your “Blackness” and throw your ass out of office.

 

Marion Barry I can only hope that the election pattern in New Orleans with Mayor Nagin or in Washington DC with Mayor Barry is not repeated.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Mayor Kilpatrick Instead, if charges are true I hope you end up like former Detroit Mayor Kilpatrick.

Like Elmer Fudd would say “It's the end of the wine, Tall Dark Stwanger. I have a warrant for your awwest!

 


          Extravagant tropical retreat in the Caribbean        

Caressing the crystal-clear waters of the Samana Peninsula, Sublime Samana Hotel & Residence boasts 20 private suites and casitas nestled on the Dominican Republic’s most dazzling, remote beaches. The Samana province of the island’s northeastern coast remains one of the most undiscovered, unspoiled habitats of the Caribbean. Surrounded by lush, tropical mountains, guests can enjoy […]

The post Extravagant tropical retreat in the Caribbean appeared first on One Kindesign.


          Felipe Lopez Fights Malaria in the Dominican Republic with Nothing But Nets        

Former NBA player and NBA Cares Ambassador joined the United Nations Foundation campaign to see progress made toward malaria elimination in the region

(PRWeb August 09, 2017)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/08/prweb14588760.htm


          Transformative Experiences        
This year, students in grades 9 through 11 explored the culture of new program destinations such as the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, and previously inaccessible territories of Myanmar and Cuba.
          Goulash and Baseball        
We jumped straight from our flight, onto the bus, and over to the Prague
Castle, where our 42-person contingent toured the St. Vitus Cathedral.
Centuries-old culture, history and cuisine, chased with great-tasting (and ridiculously inexpensive) beer and maybe a couple scoops of Gelato. Toss in some (at times rugged) baseball, an ever-prompt tour guide, a muscle-bound bus driver, and our 42-member contingent of players, coaches and parents from Northern Virginia had their seven-day, five-game, four-country baseball trek through the Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia and Hungary.

Thanks to the MVP International Athletics program, I had the opportunity earlier this month to travel to Europe for a third consecutive summer with a team from our area, this time a group of 13-15 year-olds and three high school head coaches from Northern Virginia; Madison’s Pudge Gjormand, South Lakes’ Morgan Spencer and Langley’s Kevin Healy.

These trips we take overseas are not as much about wins and losses on the baseball field as they are learning about how cultures were formed and have evolved, have succeeded or failed throughout the centuries, often times dating back to the Medieval Ages and even the Roman Empire. Since Pudge and Matt Foley first began organizing international trips some 7-8 years ago, players from our area have visited countries such as Germany, Italy, Spain, the Dominican Republic, and the four Central European nations we toured this month. Next week, another team will head to Puerto Rico.

Those who have followed this blog know that I have caught the travel bug, a result of my being born on a U.S. Army base in Germany, a family vacation to Europe years ago, and an 18-month stint where I lived and coached overseas. Though my travels, I’ve gained an awesome appreciation for the cultures in Europe. I love trying the varying cuisines, whether it’s the great pasta and breads in Italy, the spicy dishes in Hungary, trying the differing versions of Goulash in Germany/Austria, the Czech Republic and Hungary, sampling the sangria in Spain, debating which country brews the best beer, and of course, delving into my favorite European dish, the Czech Republic’s Svickova (I know, I’m missing the accents over the letters!).

It’s one thing to study world history, it’s another to witness in person where that history took place. Every trip, I’ve found myself sounding very much like my mother when she took my brother, sister and I overseas years ago when I tell players to pay attention during the guided tours of of castles, cathedrals and museums. I get it, you’re in middle school or about to start high school, you’d probably rather be paintballing or pounding your buddy in Halo or Gears of War than staring at stain glass windows in a 500-year-old church. But I tell them how impressed their history teacher would be when they get back to school next month and tell them stories of what they saw, or better yet, should they hand in a paper on it for some extra credit to start off the semester (I know, slim to no chance any of them do that!).

And then there’s the baseball. We get to see an awesome variety of fields and facilities, the parents love the fact that they serve beer at the games (FCPS, there’s an easy fix to the budget problem!), and what an experience for our guys to face youth national teams. Seeing ‘AUSTRIA’ or ‘HUNGARY’ across your opponent’s chest has a bit more meaning in the grand scheme of one’s baseball career than ‘MCLEAN’ or ‘WESTFIELD’. Don’t get me wrong, I want to beat those guys as well, but competing against a team representing a country is pretty special. Then being able to swap caps or shirts after games with those players? That’s pretty cool.

I certainly appreciate the opportunity that has been presented to me with these trips. My hope is that the players have as well, and that the parents have re-hydrated after all those half-liters of Kozel, Pilsner Urquell, Soproni and whatever else happened to be on tap at the clubhouses. That Atto, our tour guide, returns to Germany to a successful acting career. And that Miro, our Ivan Drago-lookalike at the bus’ helm, doesn’t body slam the next Fiat that cuts him off.

Until next time, Europe.

          Latin American passion for baseball and family finds outlet in Twin Cities amateur league        

On a cool June afternoon, Emilio Lopez stood behind the chain-link backstop at a baseball diamond in Chanhassen, watching players warm up before a game in an amateur league with the Spanish name Liga Latina de Beisbol, Minnesota.

Lopez, the league secretary who doubles as manager of the Marineros, one of the teams playing that day, motioned toward two young players as they walked by. He remembered them as little boys, when they would come to the ballpark to watch their fathers play.

For him, it was a sign of the league’s staying power – and a reminder of baseball’s enduring popularity among Minnesotans with Latin American roots.

“We think it will keep growing,” Lopez said of the nine-team league. “It’s a competitive league and we are getting more and more players from other backgrounds. The main thing is, we just want to have some fun and promote the sport.”

Building on tradition

Liga Latina teams play most of their games at Lake Susan Park in Chanhassen or at North Lions Park in Crystal (and, occasionally, at a ballpark in Brooklyn Center). The games are played on Sundays, beginning in April and running through October, with a midseason break for a league all-star game.

MinnPost photo by Gregg Aamot
Emilio Lopez, the secretary of Liga Latina de Beisbol, Minnesota, and manager of the Marineros, watches his team during a game against the Cokeros.

Lopez traces the league’s beginnings to 1997, when Latin American immigrants began getting together in the Twin Cities for scrimmages. Two years later, Liga Latina de Beisbol (the Spanish Baseball League) was formed. This year, teams paid an entry fee of $450 for balls, umpires and other expenses, with business sponsorships helping to defray costs.

Lopez, who played in the league from 1998 until 2006, said it was formed simply as a way for Latin American immigrants to get to know each other and play baseball. Two decades later, it retains its Latino feel, with rosters made up largely of players with Latin American heritage. Many players speak Spanish (and English) in the dugouts and on the field.

Yet some players are white or from other ethnic backgrounds – a mix that is growing.

“As you can see, it’s not just Hispanics who are playing,” said Leonides Garcia, a college student from St. Louis Park who sat with friends in the bleachers. “I like that, because it’s important for people to get to know each other – even for just a little bit while playing a game.”

The league fits into a strong tradition of amateur baseball in Minnesota, which has about 400 town teams, a handful of over-35 and over-50 leagues and at least one other circuit geared toward players with Latino backgrounds. While it hasn’t happened yet, Lopez said Liga Latina has talked with the Chanhassen Red Birds, a Class B town team in the Minnesota Baseball Association, about playing a game.

Come for the food

About 50 fans turned out for the game between the Marineros and the Cokeros – a smaller-than-usual crowd likely affected by the cool temperatures. People bundled up in blankets, some on metal bleachers behind home plate, others on lawn chairs that were clustered around coolers and folding tables piled with food.

MinnPost photo by Gregg Aamot
Eduardo Hiraldo prepares to throw a pitch for the Cokeros.

With so much familiarity between teams, the game mixed the competitiveness of town-team baseball with the informality of church-league softball.

On the diamond, the play was intense, with Marineros’ left-hander Brandon Schmahl, a former Augsburg College player, battling the Cokeros’ Eduardo Hiraldo, a hard-throwing right-hander from the Dominican Republic.

Meanwhile, a few bench players left the dugout to look for snacks, stopping to talk with fans or to take a couple of shots at a nearby basketball hoop. Some players wore hats and shirts that didn’t quite match the team uniforms, but were close enough.

Garcia, eating a shrimp tamale, said: “OK. I admit it. I really come for the food!”

The Marineros, trailing late, rallied for a 10-9 win.

MinnPost photo by Gregg Aamot
Food is in plentiful supply at Liga Latina games.

A family affair

In the Marineros’ dugout, Josh Perez – one of the players Lopez remembered as a youngster – stretched his legs to keep loose in case he got into the game. A high school player at Holy Family Catholic High School in nearby Victoria, Perez remembered watching his father play and wanted to carry on the tradition.

“I’ve been coming to these games for a long time,” he said. “The people are really friendly here, and the league gives a lot of people the chance to keep playing – no matter where you come from.”

“Mainly,” he added, “I just love the game. I don’t want to give it up.”


          Padres unveil Dominican Republic training center        
The San Diego Padres unveiled a spacious new training academy in the Dominican Republic on Wednesday in a bid to develop more of the baseball hotbed's top prospects.The team's executives held a ribbon-cutting ceremony at the $8 million, 15-acre park that
          Padres officially open Dominican Republic baseball academy        
Even as they try to make up ground in the NL West, the San Diego Padres are doing the same thing thousands of miles away, in the Dominican Republic.The team planned to officially open the Padres Dominican Republic Baseball Park in Najayo, San Cristobal, o
          Sewing Room, Office, and Craft Room - SOC room?        
My Sewing, Office, Craft room is just about finished!  I am very happy with it.  Here is the main wall:


Here is the sort-of-before post.  If you follow me on Pinterest, you may have seen my "sewing/craft room" board.  I have implemented several ideas I collected there.  However, I must say that this spot is MY spot and most of the things in it represent something sentimental in my own life.  I doubt anyone else would love it as much as I do.

 I'm okay with that. 

I have my sewing on the left and office and computer on the right.  These things can easily be moved if the work space was needed for something else like scrapbooking or for doing other crafts.

Here are the details, from left to right:

The floral pink piece of art was painted by my Grandmother, Dee Dee.  More about her later. She was very creative and talented.  It seemed only appropriate to have something of hers in here.  A photo of her is also on the desk.

The wall decor under SewCute (purchased at Joann's) is made of 6 art canvases purchased at Michael's, and I just wrapped and pinned some of my favorite fabrics on them. The peg boards below were also purchased at Michael's (a box of 3, on sale!).  I don't really know what to do with them yet-you know, since I have all those fabulous DRAWERS now!  I will definitely hang more thread on the spool holder.  I also hung a little ribbon with mini clothes pins to hold photos of those for whom I've made quilts!  Fun!  I hope that the number of photos grows and grows.



The things on this shelf just make me smile. (Oops, I see a photo falling sideways!). Almost every item has meaning to me.  I won't bore you about each and every item, but will give a few highlights. The top shelf has a hand-sketched Christmas card from the 50s made by Dee Dee.  The little wooden doll was given to me by my dear mother, and it says, "You Are my Sunshine".  She used to sign every card and letter to me with that phrase. Sigh...

The wooden vase is hand -carved and purchased in the Dominican Republic when I was there as an LDS missionary.  The little framed cross- stitch piece is of the Seoul, South Korea LDS temple, made for me when we lived there in the early 90s by a lovely sister missionary.  I have a few wonderful Willow Tree statues given to me by people I love.  My children's senior pictures are here, and a sign from B that says, "If at first you don't succeed, do it like your mother told you".  I wonder how his new wife would feel about that?  Hahaa...    I cross-stitched the I Heart U sign for hubby many years ago.  I stole it back.

I of course included Elder Dieter F. Uchtdorf's statement, printed from a printable on Pinterest, about creativity from a talk in October 2008, 


"The desire to create is one of the deepest yearnings of the human soul".

Bless this young woman who created this beautiful way to depict that important statement.  I look forward to lots of creating going on in this room.

Can you see the little teeny high-heeled pump on the bottom left shelf?


 That was my mother's.  It's a pin cushion.  I have always loved it.  It still has a few of her pins in it.  She always wore high heels - how appropriate.

Here's the wall on the right.  Nothing too exciting for you, but it speaks volumes to my heart and spirit.



The desks are from Ikea and were super easy to set up.  Hubby put the drawers (all those WONDERFUL drawers!) together for me.  Love.

Ok, on to more spots in the room:


This is the main piece that was inspired from Pinterest and from this blogger.  She designs fabric - how cool is THAT??  Wow.  Anyway, we did ours slightly differently.  I had wanted a longer cutting table than she had. We took two of the Expidit Ikea bookshelves and laid them on their side, and then bought one smaller one for the end unit.  At first we were going to have a big piece of wood-something cut to make a longer board than the one she has in her photo that would have covered the entire top area of these bookcases.  But, after I put my big white cutting mat on this, I liked it as it was.  We didn't push the two long bookcases up flush to each other, but there is a slight gap in between to make the mat fit better.  It is not secured - we will see if I regret that later.  If I do, we will try something different.

The end book shelf is empty for now - I am looking for hanging-folder baskets to fit right in there.  I have lots of files to go in them!  I am having trouble finding them.... sigh.  The basket on top has things in it that I love - little photo albums, Shel Sliverstein books (the best EVER!!), my Wicked program - just things to pick up, browse through, and feel a little joy.  It's my JOY basket, I suppose.

These shelves in a little cubby next to a closet are nothing fancy, and I want to replace a few of the boxes.


The white box on the bottom sits on a two-drawer file cabinet. Pretty boring, but necessary.

Can you tell I have a label maker?  YES, I do.  I love it.

The master-bedroom part of this makeover is not finished yet. You'll have to wait for that. Dang.

While I worked to prepare this room, I found myself thinking of my grandmother (Mom's mom), Ida Mae, who we grew up calling Dee Dee.  Dee Dee walked to the beat of a different drummer during her time.  She was very creative and loved beautiful things, floral things, shiny things.


I also thought a lot about my own dear mother, who patiently began teaching me to sew when I was ten.  Bless her dear heart.  What a gift they both gave me to desire to create, and to have some skills to do so. I think they would both be pleased with this space, and would have loved to sit in it and create with me.


I guess I'll have to WAIT a little while to find out....

          arteBA 2017 Contemporary Art Fair        

arteBA Contemporary Art Fair, that will take place from May 24 to May 27, 2017, is the most popular cultural event in the city of Buenos Aires and the most important one of its kind in Latin America. arteBA is an art exhibition where art galleries display their best artworks, offering the general public the chance to come face to face with truly unique collectors’ pieces. It is also an opportunity for the newer art centers from all over the region to present their younger artists and reveal the very latest trends, which are simply absent from other art fairs.

This year the fair will showcase the most outstanding works from 91 art galleries from 20 different countries, including Germany, Argentina, Austria, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Spain, the United States, France, Japan, Kosovo, Mexico, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Uruguay and Venezuela.

The Fair will be divided into several sections, such as, among others:
  • Main Section: Established galleries chosen by a renowned selection committee.
  • Cabinet: A specific area within the galleries booths in the main section of the fair. In Cabinet, one or more works by a single artist are exhibited. The aim of the section is to show important, unique, or emblematic works by modern and contemporary artists.
  • U-TURN Project Rooms by Mercedes Benz: A curator invites galleries to present a specific project featuring up to three artists and selects each work to be exhibited.
  • Solo Show Zurich: this section focuses on Latin American artists who, along with their galleries are developing a critical conversation regarding contemporary art in their own countries.
  • Barrio Joven Chandon: Section for young Argentine and foreign galleries focused mainly on Latin American artists.
  • Isla de Ediciones: sale of individual volumes and collections that provide theoretical support and information on contemporary art.
The OPEN FORUM 2017 will be held with free admission in the fair’s auditorium with conferences by international lecturers. Claudia Fontes, who was chosen to represent our country at the Venice Biennale, Marta Minujín who is presenting her Parthenon of banned books at Documenta 14 in Kassel, and Fernanda Laguna that will be present at LACMA, will all be present at arteBA, participating in the Art Conversations series, part of the Open Forum program.

These are just a few of the many activities programmed for this year's exhibition. For more information, visit arteBA'17 official website.

Location: La Rural Exhibition Center. Blue and Green Pavilions. Av. Sarmiento 2704, Buenos Aires
Dates and hours: May 24 - 27, 2017 / 2:00 pm to 9:00 pm

Admission fees:
General: AR $160
Students and Senior citizens: AR $80
2 day pass: AR$ 250
4 day  pass: AR$ 320

          Forgiving Mariela Camacho - A.J. Sidransky         
Forgiving Mariela Camacho
A.J. Sidransky
Berwick Court, Sep 30 2015, $16.95
ISBN 9780990951568

In 2010, while waiting for his nine-month pregnant wife Karin’s call that the time is now, NYPD Detective Tolya Kurchenko and his partner Pete Gonzalvez head to a luxurious apartment building in Washington Heights where the super called in a concern.  The two cops break down the apartment door of a single woman.  The overwhelming smell leads them to a female’s posed corpse.  Pete collapses when he recognizes the victim, as Mariela Camacho who remains the love of his life though he married someone else.

In spite of a suicide note and the medical examiner’s contention; Pete adamantly insists Mariela would never slice her throat; other evidence surfaces that supports his assertion.  Grieving Pete thinks back to the Dominican Republic when he was a teen whose parents died. Tio Polito took Pete in and raised him along with Mariela and two other girls.  However Pete also knows Polito’s business interests are deadly illegal, but when he and Tolya find evidence of an international serial killer both fear for Karin as the Jewish Heritage Museum chief curator seems lost likely next.

A. J. Sidransky refreshes his overarching Forgiving Maximo Rothman premise of connecting a current Washington Heights police investigation with Judaism thriving and welcomed in the 1940s Dominican Republic compared with ugly suppression by Soviet Russia.  The main characters are three-dimensional and the rotating subplots superb.  We fans will never forgive Mr. Sidransky if he fails to bring back Kurchenko and Gonzalvez for a third Upper Manhattan investigation.


Harriet Klausner

          Grand Rapids, MI: Living Area and Kitchen        
See my bathroom here and my office here!

This is almost the end of my apartment! I have to post my bedroom, but there are still plans a-foot in there. But here are my living room and kitchen - these might be my two favorite rooms in the house. Living room is about 15' x 18' and kitchen is 7' x 10'.

livingroom2



livingroom2
Most of you have seen all of this stuff before if you checked out my old apartment. But, to recap! The coffee table is a Lane table circa 1949 according to the serial number underneath. Someone left it in one of my apartments and I refinished it. The red chair is by Milo Baughman, from the early 60s - I got it cheap off of ebay and had it reupholstered. That red chair is my favorite piece of furniture. The tv center I found on ebay for a local pick up. It was probably the top part of a hutch but whomever had it before me put feet on it and used it as a cabinet. The rocking chair is 1920s mission style chair that my boyfriend had re-seated and reupholstered for me for Christmas. The little round table was part of a set for Shakespeare in the part (my boyfriend is in theater). Let's see, the table lamp and the bookcase are both from Ikea, the couch is from Pier One and the rug is from overstock. I don't remember where the other lamp came from - some big box store. Whew!

livingroom6
Better view of my chair - also, you can see the curtain pattern. Those are also from Ikea. The top painting is from a gallery in Barcelona. The lower painting was painted by a friend (hard to see in the photo).

livingroom7
The other chair! The top print is by Stephen Huneck.

livingroom-detail4
I used an old, enamelware chamber pot for my plant.

livingroom-detail5
The copper plate is an a letterpress from a newspaper advertisement circa 1930. The red pig is from Barcelona and the large white water pitcher is english ironstone. I sourced the mark to 1860-1880. the little candles are from Villainess.

livingroom3
Looking in from the doorway.

livingroom5
Better view of the cabinet. The two framed pictures I got from a vendor outside the metropolitan museum of art. The basket is from South Africa, the box from Tanzania and the little black vase from Oaxaca, Mexico. The little painting I got in Athens, Greece.

livingroom4
Looking from next to the tall lamp towards the door. The pillow covers I got from an etsy seller and my mom knitted that blanket for me.

livingroom1
That table is mission style from the 1920s. It was DIRE. My boyfriend and I refinished it together.

livingroom8
Close up! The large print is by Audry Kawasaki. Top left watercolor I purchased from a guy outside the Metropolitan Museum of art. Top right is a mixed media piece that I purchased at a gallery in Barcelona. The two on the lower level are plates that I got in Canterbury, UK. The red lamp is from Bed Bath and Beyond and the two turquoise candle holders were a gift from a good friend.

livingroom-detail1
Art detail! The picture on the left I got from a street vendor in Barcelona.

livingroom-detail7
Shelf detail. Top: Two wine ducks I won in a housingworks auction, probably midcentury. I found the pewter decanter at a random thrift store and I have no idea about its origins or age. Sadly there is no mark. The coffee pot also has no mark, but I suspect 1920-30 at the latest as the top button is made of celluloid but not bakelite. Top shelf: conch shell legally collected in the Cayman Islands. Second shelf: Painted ostrich egg shell from Cape Town, South Africa; vintage glass fishing float from the Oregon coast; small collection of vintage bottles from here, there and everywhere. My cousin made the glass fish. Third shelf: Pottery is from Guatil, Costa Rica and the elephant book ends were hard won in negotiations in Kenya. HARD WON. Bottom shelf: Statue from the Dominican Republic (love the way that the African influences are so evident in the traditional art there) and the key bowl is from Kenya. Pretty book ends I got at one of those rocks and minerals stores at the mall when it was going out of business when I was still in high school.

livingroom-detail6
Doorway. The picture is from Kenya.

livingroom-detail3
Such a ham.

Okay, now a tour of the kitchen.

kitchen2
From the back of the kitchen. My kitchen is small, so we mounted a bunch of shelves from Ikea on the wall to give more space. My boyfriend found the table on the street and we de-rusted and repainted the legs. It was perfectly good. The chairs I ordered - I love those folding chairs but they did not come cheap. I originally wanted to get 8 or them, but I ended up only getting two because they were so pricey.

kitchen5
Chairs!

kitchen3
Standing by the sink, looking backwards. The two white framed prints I got at NYCC and are by Tara McPherson. The CYRK poster is a vintage, 1966 polish circus poster. My boyfriend HATES it, but I love it. The stove and fridge are on the right. The birds on a branch is a painting I got in Xi'an, China.

kitchen-detail5
Sigh, love.

kitchen-detail2
I had chickens in my backyard in Manhattan and this was my egg basket. Sadly urban chickens are illegal in Grand Rapids, MI - but I still have my chicken egg basket!

kitchen1
Looking in from the hallway. The sign was legally acquired at the Museum of American History when I was in college. The bar cart I got at a thrift store - it's probably mid-late 1970s, early 80s.

kitchen4
Close up of the bar cart. The white enamelware water jug is my recycle bucket. I'm looking for something equally cool that will kind of match for my paper recycling.

kitchen-detail3
Vintage cocktail shaker and modern penguin ice bucket.

kitchen-detail4
I like magnets.

kitchen6
Front wall of the kitchen. It sucks.

kitchen-detail1
I got this suncatcher in Portland, OR.

Okay, I think I'm done now.
          Mike Krzyzewski to under go knee surgery, Duke to cancel team trip to the Dominican Republic        
Duke announced on Thursday that Mike Krzyzewski will be undergoing surgery to get a total knee replacement on his right knee this weekend. Due to the surgery, the team will be canceling their upcoming trip to the Dominican Republic. “While it’s disappointing that we aren’t able to make the Dominican Republic trip, this is a […]
          Economic and Geo-Political Prognosis for 2015        

Paper No. 5856                                 Dated 12-Jan-2015

Guest Column by Dr. Rajesh Tembarai Krishnamachari and Srividya Kannan Ramachandran

Abstract:

The re-moderation of the world economy set in place over the past few years continues apace. Notwithstanding some lasting damage on the supply side through the 2008 recessionary trough, our outlook for 2015 is bullish weighing more on optimistic data trends than on continued negative sentiment proffered from some analyst quarters.

Around the world in 80 (or more) words:

Treating the ten-year US Treasury bond yield as a proxy indicator for that nation's nominal GDP growth, we anticipate United States to grow around 3% next year.[1] While this does not mark a return to the buoyant 90s, it is better than the secular stagnation hypothesized earlier in 2014.[2] With US acting as an engine to spur growth, the world economy should also expand by more than 3%.[3] Stability across the world will be maintained – as sparks without a concomitant fury will characterize both overt (e.g. Russia-West over Ukraine) and covert (e.g. China-Japan over Senkaku) animosities.[4] European stagnation from debt and unemployment will be counterbalanced through quantitative easing by the European Central Bank.[5] Similar action in Japan will display the limits of Abe-nomics.[6] China will prepare for a structural slowdown emphasizing domestic consumption and de-leveraging an over-heated financial sector; all the while growing at a 7% rate that will amaze rivals around the world.[7] Indian reform, even if inadequate, will boost the middle classes and reinforce confidence in the Modi government.[8] African countries will find their commodity boom dissipate and ease of borrowing decline as commodity prices fall and yields rise in the developed world.[9]

Continental tectonics:

a. North America:

Economic benefits arising from the exploitation of shale gas have not only silenced the anti-fracking environmentalists, they have altered the strategic world-view of Washington politicians.[10] As US aims to overtake even Saudi Arabia in oil/NGL production in 2015 (and the Saudis pull out all stops in preventing it by driving crude prices down), it has markedly reduced its role as a global policeman.[11] Its own economy is on the mend even as a lame-duck president will be boggled down with partisan grid-lock. Markets will fret about the mid-year (or earlier?) hike in interest rates; though Main Street - aided by a strong dollar - will likely shrug it off with a continued upward movement across different sectors.[12]

Mexico and Canada will benefit from their tight coupling with the United States.[13] Enrique Pena Nieto will claim credit for reforming the Mexican economy – across sectors as diverse as energy and telecom.[14] Pemex, dear to the Mexicans, will face some competition, though nothing remotely similar to the American acquisition of Tim Hortons – dear to the Canadians – will happen.[15] Up north, the Canadian elections in 2015 will reveal whether the country has reverted to its liberal propensities or sticks with Harper's conservative agenda.[16]

b. Latin and South America:

The outlook is disappointing across much of the region. Run-away inflation hammers Argentina and Venezuela; milder ill-effects bedevil Brazil, Bolivia and Uruguay.[17] The Maduro regime in Venezuela and the Kirchner government in Argentina continue to flirt with disaster as their GDP growths slip and mass discontent builds up.[18] Dilma Rousseff has stabilized her position electorally, though her policies continue to disappoint investors and have the potential to reignite sudden protests like the 2013 bus-fare protests.[19] Dependence on commodity exports in a time of declining prices does not portend well for any of the South American states, including Brazil.[20] On a positive note, Cuba – already expected by analysts to grow by close to 4% next year – will see a boost to its fortunes accruing from a thaw in relations with US under Obama.[21]

c. Africa:

African nations had a great run in the past few years. This arose not only from the boom in commodity prices but also from the need for yield amongst DM (developed market) investors resulting in investment in both corporate and public African bonds.[22] In 2015, these factors could dissipate which will place pressure on countries like Angola where household spending has risen more than 4000% since the start of the millennium.[23] Ethiopia and Kenya are expected to continue on a robust growth path.[24] Contradictions abound within Africa, and nowhere are they more visible than in Nigeria. While the northern part struggles under the oppression of Boko Haram, the southern part booms under Goodluck Jonathan's president-ship.[25] In neighboring South Sudan, one is reminded of the risk-reward payoff as the nation widely tipped to experience spectacular growth in 2014, got mired in conflict, with the consequent dissipation of growth potential.[26]

American intervention in Libya undermined the Gaddafi-imposed order and has led to a civil war between the Islamist and secularist factions which will hold back that nation in the coming year.[27] A more benign intervention was that of the French in Mali in 2013; we expect more calls for Hollande's assistance in 2015.[28] El Sisi has stabilized Egypt after the Muslim Brotherhood interlude in the post-Mubarak era. Though more brutal than Mubarak, the El Sisi regime is being propped by both the Americans and Saudis, leading us to expect the recent bull run in Egyptian markets to continue.[29] ANC rule in South Africa continues unimpeded. Though atrophied by many scandals, the rule should produce close to 3% growth in the coming year.[30]

d. Middle East:

The region continues to be a cesspool of ethno-sectarian rivalries as the century-old Sykes-Pikot agreement unravels.[31] Recep Erdogan has stabilized Turkey and should reap a growth on par with other emerging economies.[32] Erdogan's external actions driven by AKP's crypto-desire to establish a caliphate will see him prop the Islamic State (IS) just so that it can damage Shia and Kurdish interests; but not enough to threaten his own Sunni hegemonic plans.[33] The Saudi establishment has focused on the removal of the Muslim brotherhood threat; now they will focus on limiting Shia Iranian influence by keeping crude prices low.[34] Western companies made a beeline to Iran in 2014 in hope of an impending thaw; much will depend on the negotiation ability of the Rouhani establishment on the sanction front.[35] Dubai and Israel remain insulated from the turmoil around and could reap the benefit of the uptick in the world economy.[36] The risk of sudden flare-ups like the 2014 Gaza war continue to remain on the Israeli radar.

e. Asia and Australia:

The Asian political scene is remarkably stable with China, Japan and India looking inward to stabilize their economies under the leadership of Xi Jinping, Shinzo Abe and Narendra Modi, respectively. Some events have gone unnoticed by world media – for example, China starts the year of the goat as the world's largest economy when measured in PPP terms and for the first time ever, Chinese outbound investments could exceed those inbound.[37] The establishment of China on the world stage has made Xi stronger than any Chinese leader in recent memory bar Chairman Mao himself. The Abe regime will continue on its reformist route of bringing Japan out of the deflationary zone, while winking at nationalist sentiment calling for a re-interpretation of the country's post-war pacifist role.[38] Down south in India, Modi has surprised both supporters and detractors alike by his middle-path approach to reforming the economy and his zealous interest in foreign policy. While reforming cautiously, he has not removed the populist schemes of the previous government. 2015 will see him act unimpeded by local elections (other than in Bihar) and will prove to be a litmus test of his claims of good governance.[39]

Afghanistan under Ashraf Ghani will face more trouble from Taliban as US adopts the Pakistani classification into good versus bad Taliban.[40] In nearby Pakistan, the wildly popular Imran Khan - with some help, perhaps, from the deep state – will challenge the established parties in their home turfs.[41] In Indonesia, Jake Widodo has come to power with Imran Khan-type support amongst the youth, and he will be hard-pressed to implement his reformist agenda – including reducing fuel subsidies – amidst persistent opposition from entrenched interests.[42] ASEAN will continue to slip on its stated intentions for closer cooperation.[43] Australia will try to balance its strategic partnership with the United States with economic dalliances with the Chinese.[44]

f. Europe and Russia:

Vladimir Putin will be emboldened by the short-term rise in domestic popularity; and hence ignore the longer-term implications of his intervention in Ukraine.[45] Tighter coupling with Kazakhstan and Belarus will not prevent what is likely to be a low-growth and high-inflation year for the Russians.[46] Europe as a whole continues to underperform, and it will be most visible in France and Italy both of whom might record less than 1% growth in GDP. With the Trierweller-Gayet saga behind his back, Francois Hollande will attempt to rein in a deficit running at close to 4% of GDP. Even with help from ECB's quantitative easing program, there is little expectation that Hollande can avoid being the most unpopular leader amongst all western democracies.[47] In Italy, high debt and unemployment – exemplified by the statistic of four-fifths of Italians between the ages of 20-31 living with parents – will hamper any efforts Matteo Renzi might take to pull the economy out of its doldrums.[48]

The Greeks might look forward to a better year, especially when juxtaposed against their recent past. On the back of painful reforms, the Greek economy is widely anticipated to commence its long journey back to health, though there might be recurrent political scares and recalcitrant rumors of a Greek exit.[49] The German government will be buffeted by opposing demands – external calls for a more interventionist role in stabilizing the world economy and internal ones for tempering the same. Cautious progress on the fiscal front will lead to modest GDP growth.[50] Ironically, the European nations with best GDP growth projections are also the ones with the highest exposure to Putin's misadventures, viz. Poland, Latvia and Lithuania.[51]

Sectors and segments:

Having dropped significantly in the past few months, the level of oil prices affects the prospects for many industry sectors in 2015.  Oil is typically expected to revert to the mean because a lower oil price has discernible impact on both supply (by discouraging investment in its production and distribution) and demand (by boosting economic activity) sides.[52] The speed of such mean-reversion remains unclear. Russia, Iran and US shale producers (esp. those who are not based at strategic locations) suffer disproportionally more than the Saudi establishment at current price levels.[53] Lower oil prices will provide a fillip to consumer discretionary industries and airlines; and have an adverse impact on railroad (benefiting from oil transportation) and petrochemical companies. The shale gas boom - apart from increasing housing activity - is also the prime driver behind growth in the US steel and construction material sectors; consequently both the steel and construction sectors will remain susceptible to crude movements.[54]

Low interest rates and low macro-growth prospects will induce companies with excess cash to acquire other companies to report earnings growth. That trend will be apparent in companies transacting in sectors as diverse as healthcare, industrials, semiconductors, software and materials.[55] On another side of investment banks, trading desks will see higher market volatility as major powers pursue divergent paths to monetary policy (e.g. US against EU/Japan).[56] In US, regulatory obligations increasing cost of capital for holding certain securities might lead to decreased broker liquidity.[57] 2015 shall see the big banks grapple with the regulations in Basel III and Volcker; one expects regulatory push towards vanilla deposit-taking and lending to continue.[58] Analysts will hope that stronger balance sheets coupled with a return to profitability lead to increased dividend payout for investors in financial stocks. China will seek to tame its overheated financial sector amidst a structural slowdown[59], and India will see RBI governor Raghuram Rajan continue his battle against political interference in corporate lending.[60] Wealth management services will perform remarkably well not only in China, but also to a lesser extent in US as a rising market creates wealth and a retiring baby-boomer crowd seeks to couple low risk with acceptable return.[61] In the arena of mobile payment, Apple Pay will try to avoid the lackluster performance of earlier attempts like Google Wallet.[62]

Lower gasoline prices and an accompanying increase in disposable income (through wealth creation at the markets, increased home values, reduced unemployment and improved economic activity) creates a positive outlook for the consumer discretionary sector. Companies dealing with organic farming benefit from increased health consciousness; the market for yoga will continue to rise as 2014 saw the UN declare a world yoga day on Modi's initiative.[63] Even as DVDs and Blue-rays fall, digital film subscriptions and on-demand internet steaming will rise to please Hollywood.[64] Bollywood will get over its obsession with INR 100 crore revenues as movies will cross that level more frequently.[65]  With supply level of hotels remaining the same as few years back, revenue per room will rise across the sector.[66] Tighter access to credit continues to hamper the rise in existing house sales, which nevertheless should improve over the past year.[67] Asian apparel manufacturers continue to improve their market share in the fast fashion market.[68]  October 2015 will see Europeans benefit from the eCall service in all their new cars, which allows a car to immediately report details to the base-stations on any accident. New carbon-emission standards also come into force in Europe; even elsewhere the move towards higher efficiency in cars will continue.[69] Widodo will be pleased at the growth in automobile sales in Indonesia, which should exceed those of other major markets.[70] Internet advertising is rising faster than television commercials, though 2015 will still see the latter dominate the former in overall revenue generated.[71] Privacy concerns continue to erode on the social media front.[72] The newspaper industry will see increased number of advertorials re-packaged as "native advertising" by which companies will pay for advertisements to be written as paid newspaper article.[73]

In India, the BJP government is yet to clarify its position on foreign direct investment in retail.[74] Irrespective of its final decision, retail sales should surge sharply upward there as the consummation of pent-up demand of past few years couples with the thriving of 'mall culture' in middle-tier cities. China will also see an increase in retail sales inspite of its investigation in to WalMart.[75] The anti-corruption campaign though will negatively impact luxury good sales as well as those of higher-end automobiles there[76]. A strong dollar will affect US companies with significant operations abroad. Wheat production might match 2014 record volumes in Europe[77]; though more newsprint will probably be devoted to higher prices of cocoa from Ivory Coast.[78] Idiosyncrasies of local markets will shine as Dubai invests in large-scale brick and mortal malls, while Manhattan gets more of its groceries delivered at home steps.[79]

Demand for energy should rise at the same pace as the world GDP next year. Analysts will point at attractive valuations of oil companies.[80] If shale price remains attractive, Sabine Pass in Louisiana will emerge as the first plant in US to export LNG.[81] Four years after the Fukushima incident, Japan will see nuclear reactors back in operation at Sendai.[82]

2014 saw the denizens of the developed world fret about Ebola, breast cancer (through a campaign by actor Angelina Jolie) and ALS (through the ice bucket challenge).[83] Overall, health spending will comfortably outpace the rate of growth of the overall economy. Long-term secular trends driving this are the aging population in the western world (with the population pyramid replaced by a population dome) and an emerging middle class elsewhere with increasing demand for improved access to healthcare.[84] Universal healthcare has been promised for all in India, which should drive up healthcare expenditure by a significant amount there.[85] In 2015, large US companies are mandated under Obama-care to provide insurance to more than 70% of their eligible workforce.[86] Uncertainty on US healthcare reform and debate thereon may cause short-term price volatility. Millennial Development Goals will reviewed by the UN later in the year with a new set of goalposts announced for countries to be met by 2030; different NGOs will campaign vigorously through media to get their pet agendas included in the final list.[87]

Transportation companies will report higher earnings from increased economic activity.[88] Apart from some airlines which have suffered reputation damage through recurring accidents, airline companies will benefit from the reduced oil prices. Defense industry will see robust growth in China, as "Chi-America" remains no more a chimera.[89] Alarmed by this increase, Vietnam with Philippines will move within the US ambit and Australia will seek to join the tripartite naval exercises in the Indian Ocean between US, Japan and India.[90] Tensions in Eastern Europe and the middle-east will favor increases in expenditure across the region. The nationalist government in India will increase defense expenditure sharply even as it moves beyond lip-service on the long-standing issue of indigenization of defense manufacturing.[91]

The mantra of social-local-mobile (SoLoMo in tech jargon) continues to drive the consumer markets division of information technology companies.[92] Expenditure on IT hardware is significantly retarded by the increasing move to cloud computing.[93] The move to cloud computing - along with increasing use of mobile commerce - bodes well for the computer security business.[94] India should see a sharp increase in smart phone adoption; elsewhere tablet computers will rise against laptop and desktops.[95] Embedded systems coupled with rudimentary networking will be marketed as an all-encompassing internet of things as the era of big data continues.[96]  Today, a single family in US places more demands on data flow than the entire planet did a decade back; and even this data rate is expected to increase by a whopping 70% over the next year. Consolidation in the cable sector (e.g Comcast with Time Warner Cable) and the convergence of content with distribution (e.g. AT&T with DirectTV) are two trends that should continue on from 2014.[97] Even as Indians will talk about 3G coverage spanning the nation; Americans will tweet about 4G price warfare and the Chinese will see ZTE unveil a 5G prototype.[98] Facebook will have more users than China has human beings.[99] Analysts will harp about impact of interest-rate hikes on high dividend paying telecom stocks.[100] Apart from the financial industry, telecom will emerge as an industry most impacted by federal regulation across the globe.

The anthropologist Edward Weyer once compared the future to being akin to a "corridor into which we can see only through the light coming from behind".  It is in that sense that we have analyzed the data of the bygone year and tried to extrapolate into the days and months ahead. And when some are falsified - and falsified, some will be - then we shall lay credit for the same at the feet of those responsible - viz. us, the people.

[The authors are based in New York City, and can be contacted through email at tkrajesh@gmail.com and srivi019@gmail.com. The views represented above are personal and do not in any manner reflect those of the institutions affiliated with the authors.]

References


[1] See the graph titled "10 year bond yield: annual change and real GDP: annual % change" at http://www.swcollege.com/bef/econ_data/bond_yield/bond_yield_data.html.

[2] "Secular stagnation: facts, causes and cures", a VoxEU eBook at  http://www.voxeu.org/sites/default/files/Vox_secular_stagnation.pdf.

[4] A brief historical perspective on the Russia-Ukraine conflict is at http://www.summer.harvard.edu/blog-news-events/conflict-ukraine-historical-perspective.

The Economist magazine summarizes the debate over Senkaku islands at http://www.economist.com/blogs/economist-explains/2013/12/economist-explains-1.

[5] “The ECB, demigods and eurozone quantitative easing” at http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/c90dd466-7bb4-11e4-a695-00144feabdc0.html#axzz3NIKpG2Fx.

[6] “Bank of Japan announces more quantitative easing: the next chapter in Abenomics” at http://www.forbes.com/sites/jonhartley/2014/11/02/bank-of-japan-announces-more-quantitative-easing-the-next-chapter-in-abenomics/.

[7] “World Bank urges China to cut economic growth target to seven percent in 2015, focus on reforms” at http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/29/us-china-worldbank-idUSKBN0II05P20141029.

[8] “Reforms by PM Narendra Modi will help India to grow 5.5% this year, 6.3% next year: ADB” at http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014-12-17/news/57154602_1_cent-the-adb-growth-forecast.

[10] “The experts: how the US oil boom will change the markets and geopolitics”, http://www.wsj.com/articles/SB10001424127887324105204578382690249436084

[13] “Economic growth patterns in USA, Canada, Mexico and China” at http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dominik-knoll/economic-growth-patterns-_b_5832182.html.

[14] “Mexican president Pena Nieto's ratings slip with economic reform” at http://www.pewglobal.org/2014/08/26/mexican-president-pena-nietos-ratings-slip-with-economic-reform/.

[17] “Andres Oppenheimer: Latin America's forecast for 2015: not good” at http://www.miamiherald.com/news/local/news-columns-blogs/andres-oppenheimer/article2503660.html.

[18] “Maduro blames plunging oil prices on US war vs Russia, Venezuela” at http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/12/30/us-venezuela-oil-idUSKBN0K802020141230 and “What's in store for post-Kirchner Argentina” at http://globalriskinsights.com/2014/12/whats-store-post-kirchner-argentina/

[19] “Brazil economists cut 2015 growth forecast to slowest on record” at http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-08-11/brazil-economists-cut-2015-growth-forecast-to-slowest-on-record.html

[20] “Economic snapshot for Latin America” at http://www.focus-economics.com/regions/latin-america.

[21] “Cuba, Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico business forecast report Q1 2015” at http://www.marketresearch.com/Business-Monitor-International-v304/Cuba-Dominican-Republic-Puerto-Rico-8538079/ and “Obama's Cuba move is Florida's top story for 2014” at http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2014/dec/29/obamas-cuba-move-is-floridas-top-story-of-2014/.

[24] “Ethiopia overview” at  http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/ethiopia/overview and “Kenya overview” at http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/kenya/overview.

[26] “Internal violence in South Sudan” at http://www.cfr.org/global/global-conflict-tracker/p32137#!/?marker=33.

[27] “Political instability in Libya” at http://www.cfr.org/global/global-conflict-tracker/p32137#!/?marker=14.

[28] “The regional impact of the armed conflict and French intervention in Mali” at http://www.peacebuilding.no/var/ezflow_site/storage/original/application/f18726c3338e39049bd4d554d4a22c36.pdf.

[29] “EGX head optimistic on equities as Egyptian economy recovers” at http://www.thenational.ae/business/markets/egx-head-optimistic-on-equities-as-egyptian-economy-recovers.

[30] “Economy - outlook for 2015 dismal, despite boost” at http://mg.co.za/article/2014-11-25-economy-outlook-for-2015-not-encouraging-despite-boost.

[31] “Pre-state Israel: The Sykes-Picot agreement” at http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/History/sykes_pico.html.

[32] “Turkey - economic forecast summary (Nov 2014)” at http://www.oecd.org/economy/turkey-economic-forecast-summary.htm.

[34] “Saudi-Iranian relations since the fall of Saddam” at http://www.rand.org/pubs/monographs/MG840.html.

[36] “Dubai 2015 cross sector business outlook extremely bullish” at http://ameinfo.com/blog/mentors/c/capital-club/dubai-2015-cross-sector-business-outlook-extremely-bullish/ and “Israel - economic forecast summary (Nov 2014)” at http://www.oecd.org/economy/israel-economic-forecast-summary.htm.

[37] “China's leap forward: overtaking the US as world's biggest economy” at http://blogs.ft.com/ftdata/2014/10/08/chinas-leap-forward-overtaking-the-us-as-worlds-biggest-economy/.

[38] “Understanding Shinzo Abe and Japanese nationalism” at http://www.foreignpolicyjournal.com/2014/05/26/understanding-shinzo-abe-and-japanese-nationalism/.

[39] Book: “Getting India back on track: an action agenda for reform” edited by B. Debroy, A. J. Tellis and R. Trevor.

[40] “US may not target Mullah Omar after this year" at http://www.dawn.com/news/1152382.

[41] “The rise and rise of Kaptaan” at http://tribune.com.pk/story/800722/the-rise-and-rise-of-kaptaan/.

[42] “Widodo launches reform agenda with fuel price hike” at http://www.focus-economics.com/news/indonesia/fiscal/widodo-launches-reform-agenda-fuel-price-hike.

[43] “ASEAN's elusive integration” at http://opinion.inquirer.net/74164/aseans-elusive-integration.

[46] “Russia's economics ministry downgrades 2015 oil price forecast to $80 per barrel” at http://itar-tass.com/en/economy/764662.

[47] “Hollande popularity plumbs new low in mid-term French poll” at http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/11/06/us-france-hollande-idUSKBN0IQ14R20141106.

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          The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre        

The Dark Gallery - Discover The Origins Of Chocolate @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre, Cheras


If you love chocolates, and appreciate good artisanal dark chocolate desserts, look no further than The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre, Cheras. If you don't know where's MyTOWN Shopping Centre, just head to IKEA Cheras, because it's located just next to eat and is accessible from inside Ikea itself. The Dark Gallery is this really chic looking boutique cafe that promotes artisanal dark chocolate desserts as well as the art behind their making. We learnt lots, check out some of their offerings below. 

The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre
The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre

The Dark Gallery @ MyTOWN Shopping Centre

Address: Lot No L1-023A & L1-K007
No 6, Jalan Cochrane, 
Seksyen 90 55100
Kuala Lumpur
Operating Hours: Daily 11am - 10pm

The Dark Gallery - Discover The Origins Of Chocolate
The Dark Gallery - Discover The Origins Of Chocolate
All about chocolates and the appreciation of it
All about chocolates and the appreciation of it

Chocolate lovers rejoice! Through a series of tasting flights and an alluring array of confections, you will discover a newfound appreciation and even pick up a thing or two about the different single origin chocolates and chocolate blends like myself. Yes, I learnt so much from a short session at The Dark Gallery yesterday. 

Open your senses , discover the dark
Open your senses , discover the dark

The Dark Gallery, you may be forgiven to think it's an art gallery like what I did when I first heard of this place. It's named so for its specific focus on dark chocolate. Everybody loves dark chocolate, prized for its high cacao content and complex balance of bitter and sweet. 

Signature Hot Chocolate


Signature Hot Chocolate - RM15
Signature Hot Chocolate - RM15

Using couverture chocolate sourced from gourmet chocolate brands, such as Valrhona and Cacao Barry, as well as from other small-batch bean-to-bar chocolatiers, The Dark Gallery serves a rather wide selection of tempting indulgences from ice cream, tarts, macarons, cookies to hot and iced beverages. 

To start things off, I ordered my favourite beverage, the smooth and luscious Signature Hot Chocolate, which came served in a rather unassuming paper cup with The Dark Gallery's logo. Made with frothed fresh milk, topped with shavings of dark chocolate, this is indeed a comforting beverage, perfect for any mood or occasion. 

Single Origin Platters


Single Origin Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Platter - RM21
Single Origin Dark Chocolate Ice Cream Platter - RM21

Before I came to The Dark Gallery, all dark chocolate ice creams were the same to me. After savouring their delightful single origin platters, I could not differentiate between the different dark chocolates, in terms of its acidity, fruitiness, bitterness and intensity. This is so similar to how single origin coffees are appreciated! 

Madagascar, Dominican Republic, or Venezuela?
Madagascar, Dominican Republic, or Venezuela?
We had a choice of four curated tasting platters, where we get to embark on an exploration of single origin chocolate from various countries, such as Madagascar, Dominican Republic, Equador, and Venezeula. Each flight, platter, contains at least three single origin chocolate items of varying cacao content. If you don't understand, they even have these infographic print out that describes the flavour profile of each chocolate. Interesting and very informative! 

We tried their current cacao: a light and fruity 64% Madagascan, a floral and spicy 70% Dominican Republic and an intense bitter sweet 72% Venezuelan which I like! 

Single Origin Chocolate Pastries Platter


Single Origin Chocolate Pastries Platter - RM21
Single Origin Chocolate Pastries Platter - RM21

Pastries platter? Yes please! The Single Origin Chocolate Pastries Platter which we tried contained two fun sized 64% madagascan chocolate macarons, one 66% Ecuador dark chocolate ganache tartlet, a homemade molten 70% Dominican Republic dark chocolate on a torched marshmallow and graham cracker, and a mini trifle containing 72% Venezuelan dark chocolate mousse, caramelised bananas, brownie chunks and whipped cream. 

 64% madagascan chocolate macaron
My favourite: these 64% madagascan chocolate macaron

Signature Desserts from The Dark Gallery


Chocolate Rhapsody, just the name of this dessert got my drooling. Artfully plated, we had the Chocolate Rhapsody, a yummy assortment of textures, featuring three scoops of The Dark Gallery's signature dark, milk and white chocolate ice cream. All these are placed on a bed of crunchy chocolate "soil", with dollops of silky chocolate mousse, crispy chocolate meringue and cacao tuile. 


Chocolate Rhapsody - RM28
Chocolate Rhapsody - RM28

Brownie Mess & Banana Split


Up next, we had the Chocolate Brownie Mess, served warm with dark chocolate sauce, almond tuile and a scoop of customer's choice of ice cream. Perfect for any occasion, I did find the brownie a tad sweeter than expected though. The ice cream helps to balance it out. 


The Chocolate Brownie Mess - RM20
The Chocolate Brownie Mess - RM20

A banana split with a slight twist, more of an enhancement if you asked me. We had The Dark Gallery's New Banana Split next, a luxurious version of the timeless classic, composed of vanilla, strawberry. and 38% milk chocolate ice cream. I truly loved the caramelised bananas at the side, complete with shards of almond tuile and crumble. Truly yummy! 

The New Banana Split - RM24
The New Banana Split - RM24
Three of my favourite ice creams, with caramelised bananas
Three of my favourite ice creams, with caramelised bananas
I want it all for myself!
I want it all for myself!

The Ice Cream Waffle 


The Ice Cream Waffle - RM20
The Ice Cream Waffle - RM20

Waffles! My favourite dessert.  Pick any two flavours of ice cream and one topping to enjoy on The Ice Cream Waffle. Immaculately baked, the exterior of this delectable waffle has a light crisp while being soft and fluffy inside. I totally loved the caramelised almonds, hazelnut crumble, and marshmallows sprinkled on top. Made in house with propriety recipes, this is a must try when you're at The Dark Gallery. 

I find these to be delicious too!
I find these to be delicious too!
Janice loves these!
Janice loves these!
Pick one, two, three, or maybe, all nine!
Pick one, two, three, or maybe, all nine!

The Chocolate Affogato


Chocolate lovers in need of a caffeine boost will do well to order The Dark Gallery's Chocolate Affogato. An espresso shot served with 80% dark chocolate ice cream and handmade caramelised almonds, the act of pouring in the shot had me wanting for more 


The Chocolate Affogato - RM14
The Chocolate Affogato - RM14
Pouring in all the goodness
Pouring in all the goodness

Take home items such as the Bean to Bar Craft Chocolate (45g, RM18), Ice Cream Pints (450g, RM33 each), Artisanal Chocolate Sable (160g, RM20), and Artisanal Chocolate Granola (240g, RM20) can be purchased from The Dark Gallery itself or via their web-store at www.thedarkgallery.com. The Dark Gallery, discover the origins of chocolate yourself, do go over to MyTOWN Shopping Centre the next time you have a craving for artisanal dark chocolates or desserts. 





          Could the Caribbean Become the World’s Next Weed Hotspot?        

There are quite a few pundits across the worldwide weed community who believe that the next region to become nothing short of heaven for cannabis users will be the Caribbean. Of course it’s no secret that marijuana use across the Caribbean is pretty prolific already, with the obvious exception of Cuba. Cannabis has been a part of Caribbean culture for a great many generations, ever since workers from India travelled to the Caribbean and brought homegrown weed along for the ride. And of course, the growth and expansion of the Rastafarian movement has also had a huge impact on marijuana use in the Caribbean.

 

Nevertheless, there are several signs that things may be destined to head in an even more liberal direction going forward – much to the delight of residents and Caribbean holiday fans alike.

 

Read on for just a few of the reason why so many people are predicting that the Caribbean will soon become a global marijuana hotspot:

 

1 – First of all, the very first cannabis plants legally grown in Jamaica are blooming at this very moment. The country’s law was changed in 2015 in order to allow for cannabis to be grown legally for scientific, religious and medicinal purposes for the first time. Not only this, but the same bill also decriminalised possession of marijuana up to a maximum of 200g, along with each adult being given the right to grow a maximum of 5 cannabis plants for their own consumption. This represented the biggest transformation in cannabis law in the country’s history.

 

2 – Recently, the president of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines admitted that he would prefer to grow and export marijuana than continue growing and selling bananas. “I think that it’s about time that we move into the 21st century and stop this prohibition that has caused much pain on a lot of people,” he said, adding that deforestation as a result of banana growing was becoming not only an inconvenience, but a genuine hazard to health and safety.

 

3 – The sentiments of the president of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines were also shared by Saint Lucia governmental representative Valentine Clement James, who said: “I feel, trust me, there will be more to export than the bananas, because you have more youth in the ghettos who will be happy to plant it, to sell it. The banana will not really sell fast like the marijuana.”

 

4 – A Cannabis Committee was established by the Caribbean Union in 2015, with every one of the 15 Caribbean states being represented. The committee promised that it would “soon begin its work to look into the economic, health and legal issues surrounding the use of marijuana and to consult with stakeholders to get a view on the issue.”

 

5 – The Jamaican government minister for tourism has made no secret of the fact that he and the rest of the country in general intend to use the new relaxed marijuana laws as a means by which to attract more tourists to the country. The idea of cannabis tourism has been floating around the Caribbean in general since 2014 and is something a great many member states are expected to focus on going forward.

 

These represent just a few of the apparent indicators that a wide number of Caribbean islands are likely to soon become havens for marijuana users and cannabis tourists in general. There are certain Caribbean islands that still punish consumption and possession of cannabis quite strictly – including the Dominican Republic and Guyana. Nevertheless, the work that goes on behind the scenes at the Cannabis Commission of the Caribbean Union could lead to widespread changes encompassing even the most skeptical of member states.

 

 

 

 

 

 


          D P BuZZ - July 26, 2012        

New interviews every week! Join Larry Jordan and Michael Horton as they talk with:

Jon Paley, Co-Director, Baseball: Pelotero

In 2009, Jon Paley and a small team of documentary filmmakers traveled to the Dominican Republic to shoot a documentary about the high-stakes, high-pressure world of scouting and signing professional baseball players; kids who were just turning 16. His film is called Baseball: Pelotero and opened July 13 in New York and Los Angeles. This week, we talk with Jon about his four-year project, the gear he used, what he learned, and how he’s bringing it to market.

Steve Hullfish, Creative Director, Verascope Pictures

Noted author and colorist, Steve Hullfish, the Creative Director of Verascope Pictures, recently released his book: “The Art and Technique of Digital Color Correction.” This week, we talk with Steve about the process of color grading with some tips for colorists that want to get better in their craft.

Eric Quanstrom, COO, Sorenson Media

This week, Sorenson Media updated Sorenson 360 - their online media management and distribution network – with a highly integrated review and approval process. We talk with Eric Quanstrom, COO of Sorenson Media, about why Sorenson 360 is so important to the company, the new features they added, how they’ve improved the security of the service, and a typical workflow editors can use to speed the review process.

Bryce Button, Product Marketing Manager, AJA Video Systems

This week, AJA Video Systems announced that their KONA cards fully supported the Sonnet Thunderbolt expansion chassis. This means that editors using computers that don’t allow adding PCIe cards – think iMacs and laptops – can now access KONA technology. But, there seemed a bigger story here, so we invited Bryce Button, Product Marketing Manager for AJA Video Systems to talk about what this new technology does, why development of Thunderbolt devices is taking so long, and speculate on where this technology is going in the future.

Ned Soltz, Contributing Editor, Digital Video magazine

OK. Just like everyone else, we’ve been lusting after the new MacBook Pro with Retina Display. But, what are they REALLY like? And who has one? Duh… Our favorite technology wizard – Ned Soltz, contributing editor for Digital Video magazine. So, we asked Ned to give us his impressions on the new hardware. (He’s about to write this up for the magazine, but we figured you’d rather hear about it here, first.)


          Mike Krzyzewski to have knee replacement; Duke cancels Dominican Republic trip        
This will be the second major surgery for Coach K in 2017; he had back surgery in January
          Who Is An Indian? Race, Place, and the Politics of Indigeneity in the Americas        
ZA_whoisanindian
“A significant addition to research, Who Is an Indian? provides an extended examination and a clear picture of Indigenous identity issues in the Americas. Among the book’s important contributions are its examination of the site of interface between the modern state and Indigenous peoples, as well as its analysis of how state discourses of identities are interpolated by Indigenous peoples and come to be important sites of tension.” --David Newhouse, Department of Indigenous Studies, Trent University
“Who Is an Indian? makes a strong and distinct contribution to the literature on Indigenous identities. The contributors examine imposed markers of distinctiveness, particularly those racial categories that have often been formulated by experts and imposed by dominant societies. This is a topic that is rife with controversy, but it is handled here with directness and historical acumen.”--Ronald Niezen, Department of Anthropology, McGill University
Who Is An Indian? Race, Place, and the Politics of Indigeneity in the Americas  is my newest edited collection, published by the University of Toronto Press. It completes a trilogy of edited volumes on indigeneity in the Americas that I began in 2006 with Indigenous Resurgence in the Contemporary Caribbean: Amerindian Survival and Revival, and in 2010 with the publication of Indigenous Cosmopolitans: Transnational and Transcultural Indigeneity in the Twenty-First Century.

About this Book

Who is an Indian? This is possibly the oldest question facing Indigenous Peoples across the Americas, and one with significant implications for decisions relating to resource distribution, conflicts over who gets to live where and for how long, and clashing principles of governance and law. For centuries, the dominant views on this issue have been strongly shaped by ideas of both race and place. But just as important, who is permitted to ask, and answer this question?
This collection examines the changing roles of race and place in the politics of defining Indigenous identities in the Americas. Drawing on case studies of Indigenous communities across North America, the Caribbean, Central America, and South America, it is a rare volume to compare Indigenous experience throughout the western hemisphere. The contributors question the vocabulary, legal mechanisms, and applications of science in constructing the identities of Indigenous populations, and consider ideas of nation, land, and tradition in moving indigeneity beyond race.

Genesis of the Project

This latest volume is probably the longest I have worked on any one publication project. It first began to take shape in 2006, as an effort exclusively focused on race, motivated by recognition of the fact that there were no volumes, treating the Americas as a whole, that compared and contrasted different ideas and applications of race in the definition of Indigenous identity. This was the basis for the first symposium in 2006, “Indigeneity and Race: ‘Blood Politics’ and the ‘Nature’ of Indigenous Identity,” organized under the auspices of the Canadian Anthropology Society’s annual conference, held at Concordia University on May 13, 2006. The same theme carried over into a following seminar, “Who Is an Indian? Race, Blood, DNA, and the Politics of Indigeneity in the Americas” involving 14 participants and hosted at the Clarion Hotel in Montreal, August 2-5, 2007, with the support of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. However, as a result of the discussions held at the second symposium, we came to the realization that race alone could not be the exclusive subject of our concerns in addressing who people have historically answered the question, “who is an Indian.” The role of place, land, and territoriality, and resistance to neoliberalism, figured prominently in a number of the papers to the extent that we concluded that both race and place should be our dual, framing concepts.

The original impetus for this project came from a very particular context of concern. My research in the Caribbean alerted me to the extent to which notions of “purity,” “blood,” and lately even DNA analysis came to figure prominently not just as ways of ascribing Indigenous identities, but also as means of claiming them in light of widespread, categorical assertions by colonial rulers and scholars that these peoples had vanished. To my surprise, similar politics of identity were being instituted in North America—indeed, the interest in DNA studies had spread from the U.S. to the Caribbean, and in North America as well I found a concern with blood, purity, and the stigma faced by “Black Indians” who were being rejected as claimants to Cherokee citizenship. In Canada, First Nations residents carry cards indicating what degree of Indigenous “blood” they possess. Also in Canada, I repeatedly hear Euro-Canadians refer to this or that Aboriginal figure as “not a real Indian…he looks white”. (I had encountered similar purist prejudices during my years in Australia, directed at some of the most prominent Aboriginal activists who, phenotypically and superficially appeared to be “mixed” if not “almost white”.) If race, blood, and DNA were so prevalent, could we find similar concerns spread out across all of the Americas? If so, why? If not, why not? Are race, blood, and DNA essentially the same thing? These were the very first, seemingly very simple questions that led to the emergence of this project.

Taking together all stages of this project, it included a total of as many as 21 scholars from across the Americas and from across the disciplines, only some of whom appear in this volume. In particular I would like to thank and acknowledge the advice, support, varying degrees of participation and interest, and correspondence of individuals who were involved at different stages of the project, including: Kimberly Tallbear, José Barreiro, Phil Bellfy, Marisol de la Cadena, Alice and Dennis Bartels, and the late Melissa Meyer who sadly for us passed away mid-way through the development of this project. We also benefited from the participation of Indigenous scholars, who comprised half the number of participants in the overall project. With an immense amount of research and writing taking place in the U.S., there was often a tendency to have greater American representation, more than Canadian, Latin American, and least of all, from the Caribbean. The result of this struggle, the constant revision and reinterpretation, we hope will offer some critical insights into the processes of making “race” out of (or against) Indigenous identity and the role of “place” in debates about Indigenous identity. The final product strikes some geographic balance, with two chapters on Canadian cases, two dealing with American Indians, two focused on Central America and the Caribbean, and two pertaining to South America.

What about DNA Testing?

The previous concern with DNA, represented by as many as four participants early on in the project, largely diminished and then vanished altogether, especially when we no longer had the same participants as in earlier stages of the project. This is not to say that DNA debates are absent in the volume as a whole, but rather that they no longer structure the volume as a leading focus, which in any case would be more relevant to the North American situation than elsewhere. Yet even that is not entirely accurate, as the use of DNA testing to determine Indigenous ancestry has traveled to Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, and to my great surprise to the very community I studied for four years in Trinidad & Tobago, as the result of the work a team from the Molecular Anthropology lab at Pennsylvania State University and the National Geographic Genographic Project. In the past, similar studies have also been conducted among the Garifuna in Central America and recently in St. Vincent & the Grenadines, in the latter case again by the Penn State team.

Sidebar on U.S. "Science": DNA Testing for Indigeneity Comes to Trinidad
DNA testing comes in for severe questioning and criticism in the volume, and I would also add here to my public objections to the DNA research done in Trinidad. Aside from the more than just questionable merits of using genetics to prove cultural identities and political constructs such as tribal affiliations, I also pointed out that, "given the harvesting of biometric data by U.S. universities with research ties to the Pentagon, there is always the risk that this information could be put to uses of which the Caribs are unaware." Indeed, one of the researchers involved in the Trinidad DNA study, Jada Benn-Torres, from a military family, has conducted research in the field funded by the U.S. Department of Defense. I cannot see any reasonable purpose for conducting the study in Trinidad, as the local Carib community has been officially recognized for decades, and is not possessed by any self-doubts of their identity. Indeed, not all of the Caribs in Arima chose to participate in the study, which raises more questions about the extent to which those examined are representative of the community as a whole, and thus places in doubt even the basic scientific merits of the study. What has also not been made known is what is the ultimate purpose of the research, where the information is stored and for how long, and who has access to the database.

The Historical Importance of a Bad Question

The collaboration that produced this volume through much iteration has been focused on what is arguably one of the worst questions to be posed to or against Indigenous Peoples ("Who is an Indian?"), one that ultimately calls on them to give an account of themselves, for being who they are in the light of foreign invasions and occupations. It’s as if being who they are is a problem, and furthermore, it is a problem that they caused. Worse yet, they may not even be who they think they are.

As with all bad questions, one can expect to get a lot of bad answers. So why address such a question, going as far as making it the leading question of this project? The answer is simple: the question, however one may assess its epistemological qualities, is a politically important question (the most important perhaps), an institutionalized question, a governing question that structures people’s lives, their access to resources, and even their self-perceptions. It is also a key historical question, one that continues to be asked repeatedly, and one that will inevitably lose relevance. That this question has been raised across the Americas, in different forms (substituting, as the case may be, any number of cognate or tribal labels in the place of “Indian”), is due to a shared history of colonization and state-building and the dominance of European theories of citizenship, nationhood, race, and identity. Here we can start to look beyond the constraints and limitations of that question and in seeing past the constraints imposed today by states.

It was not the intention of the contributors of the volume to either advance academic expertise as the ultimate arbiter of Indigenous identities, to provide an easy-to-follow menu for “accurately determining” who is Indigenous, or to provide advice that caters to the functioning of government bureaucracies and their micro-management of Indigenous affairs. Our greater concern was with the politics that work to preserve the dominance of a “bad question,” a very “bad” and yet historically very important question: “Who is an Indian”? Our hope is that readers will come away from this effort with a determination to ask better questions—better in the sense of being more analytically productive and with implications that are more socially just and fair. Among the questions we would like to see posed are those that posit indigeneity as a historically specific type of relationality, that involve issues of power and affectivity, without searching for the elusive “one size fits all” solution. If, however, we overcame the stigmatization of being Indigenous only to then treat it as a category implying “privilege” and uniquely demanding “proof” of belonging, then we will not have gone far past the point of endorsing extinction.

Setting the Stage: Some Opening Quotes to Remember

“When they get off the boat, they didn’t recognize us. They said: ‘Who are you?’ And we said: ‘We’re the People, we’re the Human Beings,’ and they said: ‘Oh Indians,’ because they didn’t recognize what it meant to be a human being. ‘I’m a Human Being, this is the name of my tribe, this is the name of my people, but I’m a human being.’ But the predatory mentality shows up and starts calling us ‘Indians’ and committing genocide against us as a vehicle of erasing the memory of being a human being….Even in our own communities, how many of us are fighting to protect our identity of being an Indian, and 600 years ago that word, ‘Indian,’ that sound was never made in this hemisphere—that sound [‘Indian’], that noise, was never ever made! Ever. We’re trying to protect that as an identity, see, so it affects all of us”. —John Trudell, Lakota poet and activist. 
“It is one of the many ironies of the American experience that the invaders created the category of Indians, imposed it on the inhabitants of the New World, and have been trying to abolish it ever since”. —David Maybury-Lewis, co-founder of Cultural Survival. 
“There’s tremendous racism in Peru. In Lima, brown people, the descendants of Indigenous people, try to live as white as possible. That’s because of the influence of the media and government. If you embrace your Indian-ness, you’re shunned. You’re less than a third-class person. It’s an insult to call someone an Indian. It’s the equivalent of calling someone stupid”. —Benjamin Bratt, actor. 
“The question of my identity often comes up. I think I must be a mixed blood. I claim to be male, although only one of my parents is male”. 
—Jimmie Durham, Cherokee artist. “What does part Indian mean? (Which part?)….you don’t get 50% or 25% or 16% treatment when you experience racism—it is always l00%”. —Joane Cardinal-Schubert.

Contents

Preface, pages vii-ix

Introduction: “Who Is an Indian?” The Cultural Politics of a Bad Question, pages 3-51 Maximilian C. Forte (Concordia University, Sociology and Anthropology)


In this chapter I discuss the genesis, multiple meaning and historical applications of this "bad question," across the Americas. In the process I also defend the thesis that the Americas as a whole serve as the appropriate unit for analysis in understanding the colonial, "scientific," ideological, and (geo)political efforts to define Indigenous identities. While I outline how the racialization of indigeneity spread across imperial domains in the Americas, I also examine the centrality of place, of territoriality, and how place also intersects race. I discuss the emergence of "Indian" as a racial construct, and from there I proceed to build the larger theoretical and analytical narrative which the various chapters help to form. Who is the "real Indian" and issues of "race mixture" and the impact of slavery and the plantation system in North and South America and the Caribbean forms one level of analysis. Another has to do with kinship and science, with blood, DNA, and how these relate to ideas of "race purity." Going beyond "blood quantum" and race, I provide some context and the wider debate around the critically important contribution by Julia Coates in this volume, on the always timely issue of the Freedmen and the Cherokee Nation. Debates around self-identification, and tribal politics, progress toward a discussion of the many cases of "Indian non-Indians" and "Non-Indian Indians". Finally I end with an overview of the problems involved with "recognition", with some discussion of the geopolitics of recognition and then, pointing toward the Conclusion, looking beyond the politics of recognition.

Chapter One Inuitness and Territoriality in Canada, pages 53-70 Donna Patrick (Carleton University, Sociology and Anthropology and the School of Canadian Studies)


“The question of who counts as Aboriginal [in Canada],” explains Donna Patrick (this volume), “has long been linked to the question of who owns traditional Aboriginal lands”. Patrick’s chapter explores “the question of categorizing Indigeneity in Canada by examining the linguistic, political, and judicial processes associated with the notions of territory, ancestry, and belonging that shape Indigeneity today,” with a focus on the Inuit in Canada, situated within a broader analysis of Aboriginal identity in Canada. “Inuitness” in Canada, as Patrick tells us, followed a different trajectory from that of First Nations, in that the construction of Inuit identity has been guided not just by state policy but by Inuit attachments to both land and language. In Patrick’s chapter we learn that for the Inuit “the notion of ‘territoriality’ operates together with the notion of ancestry” in shaping the identities of Inuit living in urban centres of the Canadian South as much as those living in the Arctic. Donna Patrick observes that Indigenous ideas of identity in early colonial Canada “had little to do with race, biology, or ethnicity” and that Indigenous Peoples in fact demonstrated in practice that they were guided by a “notion of inclusivity” whose existence “has been supported by numerous accounts of Euro-American settlers and soldiers being accepted and adopted into First Nations groups”. While Patrick argues that we do not see in Canada a dominant discourse about the bio-politics of Indigenous identities to the same extent that we find in the U.S., she admits that a “‘covert’ or de facto blood quantum” has been part of policies governing Aboriginal, and in particular First Nations, peoples.

Chapter Two Federally-Unrecognized Indigenous Communities in Canadian Contexts, pages 71-91 Bonita Lawrence (York University, Equity Studies)


In her chapter Bonita Lawrence points out the cases of First Nations that span the Canada-U.S. border, where for example “the Passamaquoddy Nation of New Brunswick, or the Sinixt Nation, in British Columbia, have federal recognition in the United States but not in Canada,” which underscores the arbitrary, shifting, and inconsistent standards used by states to “appraise” indigeneity, as Lawrence argues. Bonita Lawrence explores identity issues among two federally-unrecognized groups—the Algonquins of Eastern Ontario and the Mi’kmaqs of Newfoundland—which have been the subject of her research for the last decade, providing a window into how the Canadian state produces unrecognized Aboriginals. As she explains, “most federally-unrecognized bands or nations are created by the nature of the treaty process itself,” while other bands are federally-unrecognized “because Canada has refused to honour historic relationships or has disregarded the traditional boundaries of Indigenous nations”. The primary means for such communities to gain federal recognition, to legally become Aboriginal again, is to assert Aboriginal title through the courts (if there is a treaty governing particular territory), or as Lawrence outlines in her chapter, “to take part in the comprehensive claims process if no treaty has been signed in the territory”. Otherwise, federally-unrecognized Indigenous peoples are “incorporated simply as ‘citizens’ within the wider nation-state dominated by settlers”.

Chapter Three The Canary in the Coalmine: What Sociology Can Learn from Ethnic Identity Debates among American Indians, pages 92-123 Eva Marie Garroutte (Boston College, Sociology) and C. Matthew Snipp (Stanford University, Sociology)


Eva Marie Garroutte and Matthew Snipp in their chapter in this volume titled, “The Canary in the Coalmine: What Sociology Can Learn from Ethnic Identity Debates among American Indians,” devote considerable attention to debating the racialization of indigeneity. As just one example of the kinds of interests vested in the non-recognition of “mixed” American Indians, Garroutte and Snipp point to Donald Trump: as a competitor against the newly recognized Pequots, and their plans to open a casino, he produced a definition of “who is an Indian” in phenotypical terms: “they don’t look like Indians to me. They don’t look like Indians to Indians,” injecting his racial bias by further calling them “Michael Jordan Indians”. This is useful in showing how ultimately one of the most common ways of assigning Indigenous identity in the Americas is focused on appearance, and where racial discourses prevail, a specific type of appearance: phenotype. Garroutte and Snipp  also discuss some of the additional, problematic conceptual issues raised by the quantification of identity, which can apply to both genetic testing and blood quantum. Quantification establishes distance as a prerequisite for measurement, “with the corollary that, at some point, individuals’ connection to American Indian forebears becomes exhausted”. Quantification of identity presupposes distance, and tends toward disappearance. It raises physical standards about ideational and subjective identities, even as it creates new subjectivities around the use of scientific resources. The right to measure involves a power to erase, just as the power to speak for Indigenous peoples, and to assign their identities, is the power to silence them, permanently. The two case studies at the focus of their chapter, the Mashantucket Pequots and Kennewick Man, make for highly engaging and illuminating reading.

Chapter Four “This Sovereignty Thing”: Nationality, Blood, and the Cherokee Resurgence, pages 124-150 Julia Coates (University of California Davis, Native American Studies)


Julia Coates strongly and productively challenges a number of prominent, published perspectives that have been critical of definitions of Cherokee identity by the Tribal Nation’s government. Coates argues that legal definitions are often overlooked in discussions of indigeneity, while race and culture gain greater attention. Yet, as she explains, many tribal governments in the U.S. regard legal definitions, not as artificially imposed from external colonizing institutions, but as internally achieved definitions of nationality and their sovereign statuses. While the Cherokee Nation’s lack of cultural requirements are frequently not understood by non-Indians and derided by other tribal nations, the Cherokee Nation has continued to assert that nationality derived from their specific history of tribal citizenship is a more inclusive category for contemporary times than race or cultural markers. This is almost a reversal of arguments criticizing the Tribal Nation’s exclusion of certain persons. Based on interviews with what Coates calls “a particularly challenging group of Cherokee nationals,” the 60 percent of the citizenry living outside the tribal core in northeastern Oklahoma, her chapter examines the potential of nationality as a basis for self-identification for those in the Cherokee diaspora, and the role the concept of citizen plays in the contemporary Cherokee resurgence. Coates points to problems with a debate that “focuses on identity construction as located in race, heritage, DNA, and cultural attributes and expressions” and that leave out law and sovereignty. She says that one reason why the cultural, racial, and ethnic aspects of identity may be the primary sites for investigation and discussion, for many Indigenous Peoples is the fact that many of them are not formally organized into nominally sovereign political entities with an internal jurisdiction. Speaking of academics, Coates suggest that one reason most academics seem to differ from tribal governments’ rigid determinations of citizenship, is that academics tend to be more inclusive in their view of who is an American Indian, not wanting to serve as identity police and imposing definitions of Indigenous identity on Natives. Her emphasis is on nationality as a potential for retention and resurgence (or what some call resilience), rather than simply acting as a colonialist mechanism of control and exclusion.

Chapter Five Locating Identity: The Role of Place in Costa Rican Chorotega Identity, pages 151-171 Karen Stocker (California State University, Anthropology)


Designating a special place as the locus of persons with an Indigenous identity can be a way for an assimilationist state, one that historically rejected the Indigenous presence as in the case of Costa Rica, to create the illusion that indigeneity is minimal and marginal. As Karen Stocker explains in her chapter in this volume, in Chorotega some residents of what later became the reservation opposed reservation status given their “tremendous resentment at being the only community in the region officially designated as Indigenous when the whole area had Indigenous roots, and aversion to the stigma attached to Indigenous identity in a country that often projected an image of whiteness and European heritage”. The Costa Rican government’s imposition of an Indigenous identity on residents of Chorotega was a convenient way of removing that label from everyone else who resided outside of that particular place, using the assigned indigeneity of some to reassure others of their Europeanness. Karen Stocker’s chapter, based on ethnographic research carried out between 1993 and 2007, addresses how various residents of the Chorotega reservation, those who live just outside the reservation, scholars, legal discourse, historical discourse, those who have resided or studied in other Costa Rican reservations and, more recently, the tourism industry have “defined Indigenous identity in contradictory ways, and in manners that have had varying consequences for those labeled as Chorotega in Costa Rica”. She addresses the history and impact of these multiple competing definitions. Stocker traces the ways in which “one set of customs has gone from Indigenous to non-Indigenous, national custom, and back again, as a result of the shifting of discourses around it”. Stocker spotlights what she finds to be “a common thread through all of these definitions and interpretations of indigeneity,” and that is “the role of place, and how the same concept that mired inhabitants of the Chorotega reservation in discrimination now serves to authenticate its practices”.

Chapter Six Carib Identity, Racial Politics, and the Problem of Indigenous Recognition in Trinidad and Tobago, pages 172-193 Maximilian C. Forte (Concordia University, Anthropology)


My own chapter in this volume, based on four years of ethnographic research and ethnohistoric research dating to early colonial times, shares some features similar to both those by Donna Patrick and Karen Stocker. On the one hand, the state’s recognition of only one single, organized Indigenous community in just one of Trinidad’s 16 former mission towns—the Santa Rosa Carib Community in Arima, on the island of Trinidad—makes it seem, however implausibly, that indigeneity was somehow contained and delimited (which instead reflects the state’s bias in how indigeneity ought to be controlled and secluded). On the other hand, in articulating their own indigenous identity, members of the Carib Community point to a multitude of factors, beyond but including race, to include a history of residence in Arima. The structure of this chapter follows three basic lines of argument: first, that the political economy of the British colony dictated and cemented racializations of identity. Second, the process of ascribing Indigenous identities to individuals was governed by the economic rights attached to residents of missions, rights which were cut off from any miscegenated offspring. There were thus political and economic interests vested in the non-recognition of Caribs, and race provided the most convenient justification—a justification that took the form of a narrative of extinction. Third, over a century later, while racial notions of identity persist, current Carib self-identifications stress indigeneity as a cultural heritage, an attachment to place, a body of practices, and recognition of ancestral ties that often circumvent explicitly racial schemes of self-definition. State recognition of the Caribs occurs within this historical and cultural context, and therefore imposes limits and conditions that simultaneously create new forms of non-recognition.

Chapter Seven Encountering Indigeneity: The International Funding of Indigeneity in Peru, pages 194-217 José Antonio Lucero (University of Washington, The Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies)


As José Antonio Lucero explains in this volume, “blood” is already incorporated in national ideologies of race-mixture, and is not specific and particular enough to be used as part of the regimes of identifying the Indigenous. As Lucero adds, “in a region where ‘everyone’ has native blood, but not everyone is ‘Indian’ the social category and social fact of Indianness rely, necessarily, less on biology or blood than on the intersecting socio-cultural workings of politics, language, place, class, and gender”. More specifically, Lucero's chapter takes the work of Oxfam America as the focus of his case study, as it has been among “the earliest funders of Indigenous activism”. His chapter examines two different moments in the interactive process of legitimation between organizations such as Oxfam America and Indigenous political organizations in Peru, “as actors on both sides of the development encounter shape discourses over the meanings of development and indigeneity across local and global scales”. The “geopolitics of recognition” is what Lucero conceptualizes as regimes of indigeneity that span local, national and global scales. Lucero discusses how Indigenous people throughout the Americas (and beyond) have often found it inevitable, and sometimes useful, to engage a variety of legal, economic, and political systems. “Since the first contacts with missionaries,” he writes, “the state, and agents of global capital, Indigenous people have found that new systems of domination are not without points of entry within which they can contest the very terms of domination,” and in the present context, “the rising importance of non-state actors in the wake of aggressive neoliberal economic reforms (which shrank already weak states) provided an additional set of opportunities that Indigenous people have been able to use” (Lucero, this volume). However, one of the problems for Indigenous actors bound in relationships with external agencies is that the reconstruction of indigeneity that results is often Janus-faced, where “some discourses are for external consumption and have little to do with the lived ‘social fact’ of indigeneity at the local level”.

Chapter Eight The Color of Race: Indians and Progress in a Center-Left Brazil, pages 218-223 Jonathan Warren (University of Washington, International Studies, Chair of Latin American Studies)


Jonathan Warren begins by telling us that "since the 1990s a large number of Brazilian Indigenous communities have been federally recognized, successfully acquired land, established their own schools, and achieved a higher degree of autonomy and self-determination. Furthermore, anti-Indian violence is no longer condoned by the Brazilian government; racism has been officially acknowledged; race-cognizant government policies, such as affirmative action, have replaced race-neutral ones; and a number of antiracist commissions and initiatives have been established at federal, state and municipal levels. Finally, the first centre-left politicians in Brazilian history, Luiz Ignacio Lula da Silva (2003–2010) and Dilma Rousseff (2011–present), both of the Workers’ Party, have controlled the executive branch of government for almost a decade. Given these substantial changes, one could be forgiven for expecting a positive report on the state of Indigenous affairs in contemporary Brazil. Unfortunately, the outlook is rather dim. Perhaps most surprising is that many of the culprits are from the centre-left, namely the Workers’ Party, social scientists, and sectors of the movimento negro". Jonathan Warren’s chapter reveals to us that in Brazil, the racial question, and thus conceptions of antiracism—like much of “critical race studies,” he adds—simply removes the Indian from analysis, as if Indian subjectivities were entirely irrelevant. A key example of how this has occurred in critical race studies comes from Howard Winant’s very own analysis of racism in Brazil, which singles out Africans. This is odd, as Warren finds, given that as many as a third of Brazilians have some Indian ancestry. As Warren explains in this volume, Brazilian Indians are removed from the racial question in Brazil: “race is reduced to a question of blackness”. Indeed, throughout Latin America, Warren sees that Indigenous peoples are “not considered germane to race matters,” and quoting Peter Wade he adds: “the virtually unquestioned assumptions [prevails] that the study of blacks is one of racism and race relations, while the study of Indians is that of ethnicity and ethnic groups”. Warren also shows that phenotype is present in Brazilian estimations of “authentic” and “real” Indigenous identities, with those who have African and European features routinely dismissed as “racial charlatans,” in ways that echo experiences both in the U.S. and the Caribbean. Warren’s chapter is critical to this volume’s contention that race is a problem that needs to be studied in connection with indigeneity, not apart from it. His argument is critical not only for developing critical race studies, but also for political practice: the antiracist movement in Brazil cannot be just a Black movement.

ConclusionSeeing Beyond the State and Thinking beyond the State of Sight, pages 234-241 Maximilian C. Forte (Concordia University, Sociology and Anthropology)


Rather than restating or summarizing the contents of this volume, the Conclusion helps to sketch some of the ways in which critical Indigenous perspectives have sought to develop alternative ideas and practices of indigeneity and indigenization. In a hemisphere which sees, in most cases, Indigenous Peoples moving to cities, and an increased decoupling of indigeneity and territoriality, along with the incursion of the industrialization of ethnic ascription--the commerce in genetic identities--these issues become especially important. The volume closes with a sharp reminder of why "Who is an Indian?" is a bad question that produces even worse answers, and what our task as intellectuals ought to be when confronted with such questions.

Contributors, pages 243-246
Index, pages 247-254

A Little About the Contributors

Julia M. Coates (Cherokee Nation, Tahlequah, Oklahoma) is presently at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her title is Senior Writer/ Oral Interviewer in American Indian History for the Center for Oral History Research of the Charles Young Research Library. At the time of writing she was an assistant professor in the Department of Native American Studies at the University of California, Davis. Her research interests cover Native American diasporas, history, identity, women, and politics. She has conducted participant-observation fieldwork with hundreds of Cherokee citizens in California, Texas, and New Mexico. Coates also helped to form numerous Cherokee community organizations throughout California and in other states. For over six years, she was the project director and lead instructor for the award-winning Cherokee Nation history course, which brought her into personal contact with most of the employees of the Cherokee Nation, along with thousands of Cherokees in northeastern Oklahoma communities and throughout the country. She also serves on the Tribal Council of the Cherokee Nation as its “At Large” representative. At UC Davis she teaches the Introduction to Native American Studies as well as classes on race, women, development and history within Native America.

Eva Marie Garroutte (Cherokee Nation) is an associate professor in the Department of Sociology at Boston College. She has a background of research and publication related to the study of Native American issues, health and aging, racial/ethnic identity, and religion. She is the author of the influential book Real Indians: Identity and the Survival of Native America (University of California Press) and various articles in sociological and health-related journals. In collaboration with Cherokee Nation Health Services, she has conducted a series of research projects funded by the National Institute on Aging to examine medical communication needs among American Indian elders using tribal clinics. Her current service on editorial advisory boards includes the Journal of Native Aging and Health, American Indian Quarterly, and the University of Arizona Press series Critical Issues in Indigenous Studies. She is a past Area Commissioner of Indian Affairs in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Bonita Lawrence (Mi’kmaw) is an associate professor at the School of Social Sciences of the Atkinson Faculty of Liberal and Professional Studies at York University in Toronto, Canada, where she teaches Indigenous Studies and anti-racism. Her research and publications have focused primarily on urban, non-status, and Métis identities, federally unrecognized Aboriginal communities, and Indigenous justice. She is the author of “Real” Indians and Others: Mixed-Blood Urban Native People and Indigenous Nationhood (UBC Press), and co-editor of Strong Women’s Stories: Native Vision and Community Survival, a collection of Native women’s scholarly and activist writing (Sumach Press). She is a traditional singer who sings with groups in Kingston and Toronto at Native social and political gatherings.

José Antonio Lucero is an assistant professor in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies, at the University of Washington in Seattle. He is the author of Struggles of Voice: The Politics of Indigenous Representation in the Andes (University of Pittsburgh Press) and the editor of Beyond the Lost Decade: Indigenous Movements, Democracy, and Development in Latin America (Princeton University Program in Latin American Studies). He teaches courses on government, politics, and social movements in Latin America, among others. His research interests focus on comparative politics, Latin American politics, democratization, social movements, and the politics of race and ethnicity.

Donna Patrick is professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology and the School of Canadian Studies at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. Her current SSHRC-funded research focuses on multiliteracies, identity, and community-building among urban Inuit in Ottawa. Her other interests lie in the broader area of Indigeneity and urban Aboriginality in Canada, as well as in the political, social, and cultural aspects of language use, with a focus on language endangerment discourse and Aboriginal languages in Canada. Her 2003 book, Language Politics and Social Interaction in an Inuit Community (Mouton de Gruyter), examines these issues in Arctic Quebec. She teaches courses in language, culture, and power and in Aboriginal and northern issues, with a focus on the Arctic. In teaching and research, Donna approaches the study of Aboriginal issues, language, and discourse through an interdisciplinary lens, focusing on historical, geographical, and social processes.

C. Matthew Snipp is a professor in the Department of Sociology at Stanford University where, among other positions, he has been the director of the Center for Comparative Studies of Race and Ethnicity. He teaches courses in contemporary and historical American Indian Studies as well as rural sociology. He is the author of American Indians: The First of the Land (The Russell Sage Foundation, New York), which was selected as an academic book of the year by CHOICE.

Karen Stocker is an assistant professor in the Department of Anthropology at California State University, Fullerton. She is a scholar of applied anthropology with interests in education, the social constructions of race and ethnicity, language, and Latin American ethnography. She is the author of “I Won’t Stay Indian, I’ll Keep Studying”: Race, Place and Discrimination in a Costa Rican High School (Colorado University Press).

Jonathan W. Warren is an associate professor in the Henry M. Jackson School of International Studies at the University of Washington in Seattle, where he is also the director of the Latin American and Caribbean Contributors Studies Program. Within the broad area of critical race studies he has focused on Whiteness, racism literacy, racial identity formations, and the links between everyday practices and racism in the U.S. and Brazil. He is the author of the highly regarded book Racial Revolutions: Antiracism and Indian Resurgence in Brazil (Duke University Press).

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          Pictures Of The Day        

Oye Como Va! Carlos Santana #41 of the Dominican Republic celebrates with teammates Jose Reyes #7 and Alejandro De Aza #30 after scoring in the fifth inning agianst the Netherlands during the semifinal of the World Baseball Classic at AT&T Park on March 18, 2013 in San Francisco, California. (Ezra Shaw/Getty Images North America)
Twenty-three in a row... LeBron James #6 of the Miami Heat scores by Avery Bradley #0 of the Boston Celtics in the first quarter on March 18, 2013 at theTD Garden in Boston, Massachusetts. The Heat won their 23rd game in a row, the second longest winning streak in NBA history.  (Photo by Jim Rogash/Getty Images)
Joey Logano, driver of the #22 Shell-Pennzoil Ford, leads a pack of cars during the NASCAR Sprint Cup Series Food City 500 at Bristol Motor Speedway on March 17, 2013 in Bristol, Tennessee. (Kevin C. Cox/Getty Images North America)
Barry Geraghty on board Bobs Worth celebrates victory in the Cheltenham Gold Cup during Gold Cup day at Cheltenham Racecourse on March 15, 2013 in Cheltenham, England. (Michael Steele/Getty Images Europe)
Super golfer and world class ladies man Tiger Woods and ski champ and gold medalist Lindsey Vonn announced they were dating by posting this spontaneous photo (clearly taken with an old cell phone or a Kodak Instamatic) on Facebook or Twitter, we aren’t sure which. One word: Yech. (Photo courtesy of one or the other’s press agent who should be fired.)
Ruslan Provodnikov, of Russia, (R) lands a punch into the head of WBO welterweight champion Timothy Bradley during the third ninth of the WBO welterweight title boxing match at The Home Depot Center on March 16, 2013 in Carson, California. Bradley won in a narrow unanimous decision over Provodnikov to defend his WBO welterweight belt. (Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images North America)



          Cats Wallpapers Download         
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Cats Wallpapers Download Biography 
Cats wallpaper download are  (stylized as CATS) is a musical composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats by T. S. Eliot. It introduced the song standard "Memory". Cats first opened in the West End in 1981 and then on Broadway in 1982, each time directed by Trevor Nunn and choreographed by Gillian Lynne; it won numerous awards, including both the Laurence Olivier Award and the Tony Award for Best Musical. The London production ran for twenty-one years and the Broadway production ran for eighteen years, both setting long-run records. Actresses Elaine Paige and Betty Buckley became particularly associated with the musical. One actress, Marlene Danielle, performed in the Broadway production for its entire run (from 1982 until 2000). The show tells the story of a tribe of cats called the Jellicles and the night they make what is known as "the Jellicle choice" and decide which cat will ascend to the Heaviside Layer and come back to a new life.

Cats wallpaper download is the second longest-running show in Broadway history, and the fourth longest-running West End musical. It has been performed around the world many times and has been translated into more than 20 languages. In 1998 Cats was turned into a made-for-Composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber, Cats is based on Eliot's Old Possum's Book of Practical Cats (1939), which the composer recalled as having been a childhood favorite. The songs of the musical comprise Eliot's verse set to music by the composer, the principal exception being the most famous song from the musical, "Memory", for which the lyrics were written by Trevor Nunn after an Eliot poem entitled "Rhapsody on a Windy Night". Also, a brief song entitled "The Moments of Happiness" was taken from a passage in Eliot's Four Quartets. Andrew Lloyd Webber began composing the songs in late 1977 and premiered the compositions at the Sydmonton festival in 1980. The concert was attended by T.S. Eliot's wife, Valerie Eliot and she loved the songs that Webber had composed. She gave her blessing for the songs to be adapted into a musical stage play. Rehearsals for the musical began in early 1981 at the New London Theatre. Due to the Eliot estate asserting that they write no script and only use the original poems as the text, the musical had no identified plot during the rehearsal process, causing many actors to be confused about what they were actually doing. An unusual musical in terms of its construction, the overture incorporates a fugue and there are occasions when the music accompanies spoken verse. The show is completely told through music with virtually no spoken dialogue in between the songs. Dance is also a key element in the musical especially during the 10 minute Jellicle Ball dance sequence. The set, consisting of an oversized junk yard, remains the same throughout the show without any scene changes. Lloyd Webber's eclecticism is very strong here; musical genres range from classical to pop, music hall, jazz, rock and electro-acoustic music as well as hymnal songs such as "The Addressing of Cats".
Cats premiered in the West End at the New London Theatre on 11 May 1981. There was trouble initially as Judi Dench, cast in the role of Grizabella, snapped her achilles tendon during rehearsals prior to the London opening. The role of Grizabella was subsequently taken over by Elaine Paige, who only had 3 days of rehearsal before beginning previews. The role was beefed up for Paige and the song "Memory" (originally to be sung by Geraldine Gardner in the role of the red cat Bombalurina) was given to Paige. The musical was produced by Cameron Mackintosh and Lloyd Webber's Really Useful Group, directed by Trevor Nunn, with associate director and choreographer Gillian Lynne, design by John Napier, and lighting by David Hersey. It played a total of 8,949 performances in London. Its final performance in London's West End was on its 21st birthday, 11 May 2002, and broadcast on a large screen in Covent Garden to the delight of fans who could not acquire a ticket for the final performance. It held the record as London's longest running musical until 8 October 2006, when it was surpassed by Les Misérables.


The original 1981 London cast of Cats.
The show made its debut on Broadway on 8 October 1982, at the Winter Garden Theatre with the same production team. On 19 June 1997, Cats became the longest-running musical in Broadway history with 6,138 performances. It closed on 10 September 2000, after a total of 7,485 performances. Its Broadway record was surpassed on 9 January 2006 by The Phantom of the Opera. It remains Broadway's second longest-running show in history. Lloyd Webber stated that when the original show was produced, it cost £900,000, but on Broadway, it cost $5,000,000.[1]
In 1998, Lloyd Webber produced a video version of Cats, based upon the stage version, starring Elaine Paige, who originated the role of Grizabella in London; Ken Page, who originated Old Deuteronomy on Broadway; Sir John Mills as Gus; Michael Gruber as Munkustrap; John Partridge as The Rum Tum Tugger; Jo Gibb as Rumpelteazer with many of the dancers and singers drawn largely from various stage productions of the show.[2] It was directed by David Mallet, with choreography and musical staging by the show's respected original creator Gillian Lynne in London's Adelphi Theatre, and was released on VHS and DVD, as well as broadcast on television worldwide. Andrew Lloyd Webber and others on the production team for the film wanted to keep the feeling that viewers watching the film could still get the sense of seeing the show live, by having all views be facing the stage, therefore, getting multiple views of the set, with several close-ups. Beyond the productions in England, the U.S., Canada, and Australia, the musical has been produced professionally in Hungary, Austria, and Japan, 1983; Sydney and Toronto, 1985; Germany, 1986; France, 1989; Mexico, 1991; Netherlands, 1992; Argentina, 1993; Hong Kong, 1994; Spain, 2003; Poland and Czech Republic, 2004; Russia and Estonia, 2005; Israel, Taiwan, Thailand, South Korea, China and Finland, 2007; Singapore, Hong Kong, Dominican Republic, Norway, Sweden, South Africa, China, Italy, Bulgaria and Japan, 2009; and Brazil and the Philippines, 2010. Cats has been translated into over 20 languages.[3]
A West End revival of Cats is being planned for 2013,[4] along with a rumored Broadway revival.[citation needed] It was announced on August 3, 2012 that a UK tour of the show will open on February 9, 2013, at the Edinburgh Playhouse.[5]
[edit]Detailed synopsis

[edit]Act I — When Cats Are Maddened by the Midnight Dance
After the overture, the Cats gather on stage and explain the Jellicle tribe and their purpose (Jellicle Songs for Jellicle Cats). The Cats (who constantly break the fourth wall, in the musical) spot the human audience and explain how the different Cats of the tribe are named (The Naming of Cats). This is followed by a dance from Victoria the White Cat that signals the beginning of the Jellicle Ball (The Invitation To The Jellicle Ball) and Munkustrap tells us that tonight is the night when Old Deuteronomy will choose a cat to be reborn into a new life on the Heaviside Layer.
Munkustrap appears and introduces Jennyanydots (The Old Gumbie Cat), a large tabby cat. She "sits and sits and sits" all day, while at night she rules over the mice and cockroaches, teaching various activities to them. Jennyanydots finishes, greets the other cats, but is interrupted. The music instantly changes, and The Rum Tum Tugger makes an extravagant entrance (The Rum Tum Tugger). The Tugger is a Tom with a wild mane and leopard spots on his chest. He is very fickle and unappeasable, "for he will do as he do do and there's no doing anything about it".
A shabby old grey cat stumbles out and looks around. It is Grizabella. All the cats back away. The cats sing of her saddened, unfortunate state (Grizabella: The Glamour Cat). Grizabella leaves and the music changes to a cheerful upbeat. Bustopher Jones, a fat cat in "a coat of fastidious black", appears (Bustopher Jones: The Cat About Town). Bustopher Jones is among the elite of the cats, and visits prestigious gentleman's clubs. A loud crash startles the tribe. Could this be Macavity? The cats run off the stage in fright. Hushed giggling signals the entrance of Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer, a pair of near-identical cats. They are petty burglars, very mischievous, and they enjoy causing trouble for human families (Mungojerrie and Rumpleteazer).
Finally, the Jellicle patriarch, Old Deuteronomy, shows up (Old Deuteronomy). He is a large old Cat that "has lived many lives" and "married nine wives (And more, I am tempted to say – ninety-nine)". He is the one who will choose which Jellicle cat will go to the Heaviside Layer. In most productions, at this point, the cats perform a song (The Awful Battle of the Pekes and the Pollicles) for Old Deuteronomy. It is a story about two dog tribes clashing in the street and subsequently being scared away by the Great Rumpus Cat, a cat with flashing red eyes. After a few words from Old Deuteronomy on the destiny of Jellicle Cats and Pollicle Dogs, a second loud crash, presumably from Macavity, sends the alarmed cats scurrying. But Old Deuteronomy calls them back and the main celebration begins (The Jellicle Ball), in which the cats sing, dance and display their "terpsichorean powers".
After the Ball, Grizabella reappears and tries to dance, but her age and decrepit condition prevent her from doing so. Once again, she is shunned by the other cats, but that does not stop her from singing a short version of Memory.
[edit]Act II — Why Will the Summer Day Delay — When Will Time Flow Away?
After the Jellicle Ball, Old Deuteronomy sings of "what happiness is", referring to Grizabella. This message naturally goes over everyone's heads, so he sends the message again and Jemima (or Sillabub, depending on the production) sings it for everyone to hear, (The Moments of Happiness). Gus — short for Asparagus — shuffles forward ('Gus: The Theatre Cat'). He is the cat that once was a famous actor but now he is old and "suffers from palsy which makes his paws shake". He is accompanied by Jellylorum, who tells of his exploits. Gus then remembers how he once played the infamous Growltiger, Terror of the Thames (Growltiger's Last Stand). He tells the story about the pirate's romance with Griddlebone and how he was overtaken by the Siamese and forced to walk the plank.
Back in the present, after Gus exits, Skimbleshanks is sleeping in the corner (Skimbleshanks: The Railway Cat), a cat who is unofficially in charge of the night train to Glasgow. He is very clever and very important because if he is gone "the train can’t start". Within his song, a whole locomotive train engine is assembled out of objects in the junkyard, with various cats spinning wheels, holding up the structure and lighting the headlights.
With a third crash and an evil laugh, the "most wanted" cat, Macavity appears. He is a "master criminal" and never is found at the scene of the crime. He is a horrifying looking cat and a "villain" of the Jellicle Tribe. Macavity's minions throw a net over Old Deuteronomy and capture him. As the other cats try to follow him, Demeter and Bombalurina sing what they know about Macavity, as they have had some sort of past with him (Macavity: The Mystery Cat). When they are finished, Macavity returns disguised as Old Deuteronomy. When revealed by Demeter, he fights with Munkustrap and Alonzo. Though he holds his own for a time, Macavity is overwhelmed by the two younger tomcats; as the rest of the tribe begins to gang up and surround him, he shorts out the stage lights and escapes in the confusion.
Rum Tum Tugger suggests that the cats find Mr. Mistoffelees (Magical Mr. Mistoffelees). Mr. Mistoffelees is black and small and can perform many feats of magic that no other cat can do. Mr. Mistoffelees performs his dance, which is often one of the most intricate and challenging dance solos in the show. The magical cat restores the lights and brings back Old Deuteronomy, earning praise from all the cats. The Jellicle choice can now be made.
After Old Deuteronomy sits down, Grizabella returns to the junkyard and he allows her to address the gathering. Her faded appearance and lonely disposition have little effect on her song (Memory). With acceptance and encouragement from Jemima and Victoria, her appeal succeeds and she is chosen to be the one to go to the Heaviside Layer and be reborn to a new Jellicle Life. (Journey to the Heaviside Layer). A large tire rises from the junk piles, carrying Grizabella and Old Deuteronomy partway toward the sky; he then steps off so she can finish the journey on her own. Old Deuteronomy gives his closing speech to the human audience (The Ad-dressing of Cats) and the show comes to a close.
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          Washing dirty dishes to serving dazzling plates: Madrid chef's journey to the top        

María Marte left her home in the Dominican Republic in 2003 for a by-the-hour cleaning job at a Madrid restaurant. Now she’s one of Spain’s most revered chefs

Her voice competing to be heard over music blaring from the stereo, María Marte weaves her way through a dozen cooks readying their stations and heads to a stairwell behind the kitchen at Madrid’s El Club Allard restaurant.

More than a decade ago, when she was working here, one of the Spanish capital’s top restaurants, as a dish washer, Marte would curl up on the red-tiled staircase for a few moments of sleep between her near constant chain of work.

Related: Madrid city guide: the best bars, restaurants and hotels

Related: Top 10 food markets in Madrid

Continue reading...
          Scholarship helps a mother achieve her dreams        
Sometimes the best gift someone can receive is encouragement. That’s exactly what Maria, a 34-year-old mother of three from the Dominican Republic, received from her friends and loved ones. As a volunteer at the local Unbound office, Maria received lots of encouragement, and eventually a scholarship, from the community there when she made her decision to finish high school and […]
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          Joseph Family - St. Thomas to Dominican Republic        
I'm looking for the descendants of the Joseph family that went to the Dominican Republic in the late 1800's. There is a Doris Joseph on my family tree and I want to know more information about her.
          Re: HUYGHUE        
It's a pleasure to hear back from you. I'm Cristina, the granddaughter of Cristina Huyghue. My grandmother, Cristina was born in the Dominican Republic and was the child of Clement, Winthrop's brother. According to stories, Clement was born in St. Thomas, and moved to Santo Domingo per his work as a mechanical engineer, and died there by being mangled when someone accidentally turned on a machine he was repairing at the sugar processing plant while he was making repairs. My grandmother was 14 at the time of his death. She lost her mother, a Dominican native, at the age of 4. After the loss of her father, she and her sisters, Julia and Juana moved to St. Thomas to live with uncle Winthrop. Some of this information can be confirmed by documents that are available here on Ancestry. My grandmother also told me that her older sister Julia got sick and died, which I was able to confirm from another source. Only my grandmother and Juana are listed on a census as living with Winthrop, who claimed them as his nieces.

I have been looking for you Jerry. You're name comes up on almost all posts related to the Huyghue family. I received some invaluable info from a post I believe you provided on roots web. I can't thank you enough for having the interest to post anything at all. I will try to send you a private message if I can.

Cristina
          How the García Girls Lost Their Accents        
How the García Girls Lost Their Accents
author: Julia Alvarez
name: Glendalee
average rating: 3.49
book published: 1991
rating: 3
read at: 2016/08/02
date added: 2016/08/03
shelves: historical-fiction, literature-literary-fiction
review:
I was born and raised in the United States but my parents are from the Dominican Republic, and lately I've been wanting to understand more of Dominican culture and its history so I picked up this book.

I enjoyed the novel and the stories that were told by the sisters but I do agree that the voices of the sisters were the same, so while reading certain chapters I would forget which perspective I'd be reading. I didn't mind this too much but it did take away from the story and made it boring at times.

I did like that I learned about the upper class society in the Dominican Republic because that's something I never knew about so I learned something new about my culture.

          Casa de Campo Resort announces new designations, promotions and news        

During a cocktail held in Santo Domingo, accompanied by distinguished personalities from the tourism sector, Casa de Campo Resort & Villas officially presented Andrés Pichardo Rosenberg as its new president. Pichardo Rosenberg, with extensive experience in both the national and international tourism industry, returns to his native Dominican Republic after 14 years abroad directing recognized resorts […]

The post Casa de Campo Resort announces new designations, promotions and news appeared first on Casa de Campo Living.


          Integrated Domestic Violence Court…cont        
This case raises two questions concerning application of the recently enacted Uniform Child Custody Jurisdiction Enforcement Act (UCCJEA), set forth at article 5-A of the Domestic Relations Law: (1) whether (as the father urges) title 3 of that act requires this court to enforce a custody order issued by a court in the Dominican Republic, […]
          Integrated Domestic Violence Court        
A Bronx Estate Lawyer said that, the subject children are the parties’ twin sons, born June 19, 1997 in the Dominican Republic. It is undisputed that the father obtained a default order of custody there in April 2002, an order appealed by the mother and affirmed by the Dominican court in October 2002, a month […]
          Plane Crash in Queens Investigation Part 1        

wo months since the 11 September, 2001 attacks, the event remained fresh in the minds of Americans. At John F. Kennedy Airport, American Airlines Flight 587, an Airbus A300-600R, leaves on a three hour flight to Santo Domingo in the Dominican Republic. Shortly after take-off, it encounters turbulence from a Japan Airlines Boeing B-747 that took off from the same runway 30 seconds earlier, causing it to violently tilt back and forth. The pilot repeatedly steps on the rudder back and forth to stabilize the plane, but his overuse of the rudder breaks the tail from the fuselage. Without the tail to support the aircraft, it spins out of control and crashes into Rockaway, Queens, killing all 260 people onboard and 5 on the ground.

Added by: Lionel
Tags: Plane, Crash, in, Queens, Investigation, American, Airlines, Flight, 587, National, geographic, seconds, from, disaster
Date: 2008-03-07



          Remembering Flight 587        
On November 12, 2001, American Airlines Flight 587 departed JFK International Airport en route to the Dominican Republic. At 9:16 am, seconds after take off, the jet crashed into the community of Belle Harbor, killing all 260 passengers and crew and five Belle Harbor residents. People from France, Haiti, Israel, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and […]
          Last Bachata Classes This Thursday        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF

LAST CLASSES IN THIS LOCATION WILL BE THURSDAY AUG 10th - This Thursday is your last chance in this location 

We will be moving into a new location on 9/7/17 in San Francisco

https://www.youtube.c...

https://www.youtube.c...


Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).


7:30pm, Classes for beginners

- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing


8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements


Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...


Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

San Bruno - USA

Thursday, August 10 at 7:30 PM

2

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/242304442/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, August 16 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywlbvb/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


https://www.youtube.c...

https://www.youtube.c...

Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).


7:30pm, Classes for beginners

- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing


8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements


Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...


Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

San Bruno - USA

Thursday, August 17 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/242111251/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, August 23 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywlbfc/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF



https://www.youtube.c...


https://www.youtube.c...



Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).



7:30pm, Classes for beginners


- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing



8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements



Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Thursday, August 24 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/tmfqhnywlbgc/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, August 30 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywlbnc/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF



https://www.youtube.c...


https://www.youtube.c...



Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).



7:30pm, Classes for beginners


- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing



8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements



Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Thursday, August 31 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/tmfqhnywlbpc/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, September 6 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywmbjb/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF



https://www.youtube.c...


https://www.youtube.c...



Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).



7:30pm, Classes for beginners


- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing



8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements



Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Thursday, September 7 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/tmfqhnywmbkb/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, September 13 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywmbrb/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF



https://www.youtube.c...


https://www.youtube.c...



Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).



7:30pm, Classes for beginners


- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing



8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements



Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Thursday, September 14 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/tmfqhnywmbsb/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, September 20 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywmbbc/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF



https://www.youtube.c...


https://www.youtube.c...



Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).



7:30pm, Classes for beginners


- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing



8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements



Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Thursday, September 21 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/tmfqhnywmbcc/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, September 27 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywmbkc/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF



https://www.youtube.c...


https://www.youtube.c...



Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).



7:30pm, Classes for beginners


- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing



8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements



Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Thursday, September 28 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/tmfqhnywmblc/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, October 4 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywnbgb/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF



https://www.youtube.c...


https://www.youtube.c...



Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).



7:30pm, Classes for beginners


- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing



8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements



Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Thursday, October 5 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/tmfqhnywnbhb/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, October 11 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywnbpb/


          Bachata Dance Classes Thursdays in San Bruno        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF



https://www.youtube.c...


https://www.youtube.c...



Thursdays Bachata dance classes in the South San Francisco Area (San Bruno).



7:30pm, Classes for beginners


- Basic Steps, Basic Positioning, Basic Partnering for Bachata Social Dancing



8:30pm, Progressive Class
- progressive steps, Lead & Follow Principle + Footwork movements



Door Prices: 2 Classes ($20), 1 Class ($12)
Online Prices: 2 Classes ($15) Buy it a day before the classBuy @ http://www.rodchatacl...



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 19 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 44 countries totalling 262 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily. (Ref: http://danceplanetdai...)
You can also read his intimate interview here @ http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...

Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Thursday, October 12 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/tmfqhnywnbqb/


          LEARN TO DANCE EVERY WEDNESDAY IN EAST BAY        

photoBACHATA MEETUP SF


Rodchata is back in the bay 


7:30 pm - Bachata Classes for Beginners w/ Ellie


8:30 pm - Bachata for Intermediate w/ Rodchata 
NO EXPERIENCE NECESSARY


NO PARTNER NECESSARY


DROP-INS WELCOMED


PAY AT THE DOOR $15



Register in PersonAllegro Ballroom, 5855 Christie Ave, Emeryville, CA



Rodney Rodchata Aquino, an international instructor, has 20 yrs of dance experience, including world competition judge and promoter. He has taught Bachata Dancing in 46 countries totalling 290 cities in the world including the Dominican Republic. He is ranked the 2nd most influential bachatero in the world by Dance Planet Daily, and one of the few teacher that teaches authentic bachata in the USA. 


Reference:


1) Listed as Teacher of Authentic Bachata@ https://sites.google....


2) Ranked #2 In the World @ http://danceplanetdai...


3) Bachata Interview - http://bit.ly/2c7ekWi...


4) Rodchata Podcast Interviewhttp://iloveafrolatin...






https://www.youtube.c...









Emeryville, CA 94608 - USA

Wednesday, October 18 at 7:30 PM

1

https://www.meetup.com/bachatasf/events/wtnrfnywnbxb/


          Future Shock: San Francisco Giants Top Ten Prospects by Kevin Goldstein        
Drafting the young arm with the best pure stuff in the 2006 draft was a good start. Add an intriguing sign out of the Dominican Republic, and the Giants have the makings of a farm system.
          Sweet Sacrifice        
Yesterday, March 23, 2011 was one of those "big red letters days on my calendar."  Our son began  two years of service as a mormon missionary.  What a beautiful, happy, sad, and bittersweet day.  We dropped him off at a mission training center.  He will be there for three weeks.  Then he will fly to the Dominican Republic where he will receive more training in the spanish language as well as religious education.  After that he will begin his service in Puerto Rico.
   I'm sure all parents can relate how this feels to watch your child leave your home and walk into their future.   I question myself.  Have I done enough?  Have I taught him all he needs to know?  Will he be able to live independently and live on more that Macaroni and Cheese?  My mind has been  reeling with a thousand questions, but my heart has been calm.
   I have felt so many "sweet whisperings," from heaven as I have watched my son decide and prepare for this mission.  Prepare to share the message of Jesus Christ and serve the people of Puerto Rico.  He will be sacrificing much, as will we, however we have been given much.  "Where much has been given, much is required."  You can read my about missionary service below.  I copied this from www.mormon.org/missionaries.  I will occasionally post some of his experiences here.

    One of the greatest gifts I received this last christmas came from this son.  It was a letter written to me.  Jace expressed his love and gratitude for me and wrote what a huge impact my cancer experience had him.  He said it had made him stronger and helped him prepare for his decision to serve a mission.   Now there are few things about cancer that are truly blessings but seeing how it has brought changes into my and others lives has truly been a "sweet sacrifice," in my own life.
Elder Kelly, (Mr. Personality)
Good Luck on this Amazing Journey!



Who are the Missionaries?

If you’ve seen them walking, riding their bikes or driving around your town, you’ve probably wondered what Mormon missionaries are doing, exactly.
Why would these young men and women choose to put on their dress clothes and traipse around strange parts of the world for two years? The Lord’s Church has always been a missionary church. Just as Jesus Christ and His disciples preached the gospel, more than 50,000 missionaries for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints are spreading His word today. They are called to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ in all parts of the world. Most missionaries are about 20 years old, though many older married couples also choose to serve. Missionaries voluntarily put aside school, work and dating for about two years in order to serve the Lord at their own expense.
Communication with family is even limited to letters or email and very occasional phone calls so that they can focus wholeheartedly on serving the Lord and the people where they serve. During their two years of full time service they devote themselves to studying, meeting people and teaching about Jesus Christ and His restored Church. Their work is a labor of love, and most missionaries end up feeling they gained more than they gave by serving.

          God be with you till we meet again...        
Seriously... have you ever seen a more adorable Missionary?? 
 I am so excited for my baby brother to serve his mission. I realized recently that there may be many out there not aware of what "Missionaries" for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints do... I thought I might want to share what it is that these young men and women do...

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints' missionary program is one of its most recognized characteristics. Mormon missionaries can be seen on the streets of hundreds of major cities in the world as well as in thousands of smaller communities.

The missionary effort is based on the New Testament pattern of missionaries serving in pairs, teaching the gospel and baptizing believers in the name of Jesus Christ (see, for example, the work of Peter and John in the book of Acts).

Nearly 60,000 missionaries are serving missions for The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at any one time. Most are young people under the age of 25, serving in nearly 350 missions throughout the world.
Missionaries can be single men between the ages of 18 and 25, single women over the age of 19 or retired couples. Missionaries work with a companion of the same gender during their mission, with the exception of couples, who work with their spouse. Single men serve missions for two years and single women serve missions for 18 months.

Missionaries receive their assignment from Church headquarters and are sent only to countries where governments allow the Church to operate. Missionaries do not request their area of assignment and do not know beforehand whether they will be required to learn a language.

Prior to going to their assigned area, missionaries spend a short period of time at one of 15 missionary training centers throughout the world. There they learn how to teach the gospel in an orderly and clear way and, if necessary, they begin to learn the language of the people they will be teaching. The largest training center is in Provo, Utah, with additional centers in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Dominican Republic, England, Ghana, Guatemala, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, the Philippines, South Africa and Spain.

Male missionaries are addressed with the title “Elder” and women are addressed with the title “Sister.”
A typical missionary day begins by waking at 6:30 a.m. for personal study. The day is spent proselytizing by following up on appointments, visiting homes or meeting people in the street or other public places. Missionaries end their day by 10:30 p.m.

In some parts of the world, missionaries are sent only to serve humanitarian or other specialized missions. Those missionaries do not proselytize.

Missionary work is voluntary. Missionaries fund their own missions — except for their transportation to and from their field of labor — and are not paid for their services.  

Contacts with family and friends during this time of service are limited to letters and occasional phone calls to family at special times. Missionaries avoid entertainment, parties or other activities common to this age-group as long as they are on their missions, so they can focus entirely on the work of serving and of teaching others the gospel of Jesus Christ.
It is TRULY amazing to me that Young Men and Women CHOOSE to serve in this way. My brother is serving a Spanish Speaking Mission in Houston Texas. This means he will also need to learn how to speak the language. My sister is serving her mission in Tampa Florida. I have had MANY friends serve, and MANY family members serve missions. It is the most selfless thing I can think of people doing to help others learn more about our religion.

I am very thankful for the missionary program our church has to offer. I know they young men and young women learn good things while serving, and are better able to come home and contribute to society in a productive way. I am thankful my husband served as well.
I know those two years helped him prepare for being married to me, and learning patience!
If you want to learn more about my church ASK ME! I can have missionaries visit you OR I would love to share with you why I live the way I do.
If you would rather look at stuff on your own... check this out...http://mormon.org/
I am a Mormon. I live it. I LOVE it!


          

23 things non-English-speaking immigrants gave us that we totally don't need. Not at all.

   
     

In a press conference Aug. 2, President Trump announced his support for a new immigration system that would "favor applicants who speak English."

Photo by Jim Watson/Getty Images.

And not a moment too soon.

It's high time foreigners stop coming here with their funny accents, broken sentences, and inability to read the complete works of Marcel Proust, mucking things up for the rest of us.

Naysayers, of course, will note that — regardless of their English skills — immigrants are not stealing American jobs; they're simply doing different ones. And that they commit crime at lower rates than native born Americans. And that Proust is French.

But, really, that's all besides Trump's point, which is that this is America. We speak English, and damn it, we speak English in America.

"But what," the naysayers may continue naysaying, "about all the myriad diverse, essential contributions from non-native-English-speaking immigrants to our national economy, culture, and idea throughout history that have shaped and continue to shape our way of life?"

Simple.

Don't need 'em!

1. Who really needs to Google anything ever?

Douchey glasses aside, Google co-founder Sergey Brin was born in Russia, speaking Russian. Photo by Justin Sullivan/Getty Images.

2. Or look anything up on Yahoo. Who needs web search these days?

Jerry Yang reportedly only knew one word of English when he moved to the U.S. in 1968. Photo by Drew Angerer/Getty Images.

3. The Pulitzer Prize? Named after a German-speaking immigrant? No big. Don't need an award for fake news anyway.

Lookin' at you, Joey Pulitzer. Photo via Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

4. Speaking of German-speaking immigrants, we could also take or leave the atomic bomb, to be honest.

I'm sure everything would have been fine if pioneering nuclear physicist Albert Einstein had stayed in Germany. Photo via Hulton Archive/Getty Images.

5. And blue jeans.

Levi Strauss spoke German and invented America's pant. Photo by Mike Mozart/Flickr.

6. Definitely wouldn't be too tragic to lose the entire English-language filmography of Antonio Banderas.

Banderas learned his lines phonetically when starting out in Hollywood. Photo by Kevin Winter/Getty Images.

7. Or "That 70s Show," "Family Guy," and all those weirdly sensual Jim Beam commercials.

Mila Kunis moved to the U.S. from Ukraine and learned English during her first year in school. Photo by Ethan Miller/Getty Images.

8. And we could easily do with out all 137 Terminator movies — and eight years of oversight for our largest state economy — too.

Arnold Schwarzenegger and his Austrian musculature spoke only "a little English" when they arrived here in 1968. Photo by AFP/Getty Images.

9. "God Bless America" is really an overrated song that we don't need.

Russian-born Irving Berlin also wrote "White Christmas," which is also overrated. Photo by Henry Guttmann/Getty Images.

10. Come to think of it, so is "Jump."

Eddie Van Halen is Dutch! Who knew? Photo by Kevin Winter/Getty Images.

11. And Budweiser beer isn't iconically American at all (regardless of how it tastes).

That goopy Super Bowl ad was right about Adolphus Busch trudging from Germany to the U.S. to invent the world's most medium beer. Photo by Dorisall/Wikimedia Commons.

12. A combined 3,060 singles, doubles, triples, and home runs over 16 years playing America's pastime? Take it or leave it.

Ichiro Suzuki only studied English through middle school in Japan, and learned to speak fluently once he arrived in the U.S. Photo by Otto Greule Jr./Getty Images.

13. The most devastating cut-fastball in the Major League history? That stays in Panama, and really, who cares?

Mariano Rivera didn't speak a word of English and had never flown before coming to pitch for the Yankees in 1990. Photo by Jeff Carlick/Getty Images.

14. No one, that's who. Nor should anyone care about 608 gloriously struck home runs.

Albert Pujols moved to the U.S. from the Dominican Republic when he was 16 and learned English in high school. Photo by Stephen Dunn/Getty Images.

15. Come to think of it, the accomplishments of, like, 30% of all baseball players and the countless hours of bonding opportunities for parents and kids from Pacific Northwest to Miami they provide are just not that essential, honestly.

David Ortiz, Masahiro Tanaka, and Yasiel Puig repping Boston, New York and L.A. Photo by Jim McIsaac/Getty Images; Stephen Lam/Getty Images; Harry How/Getty Images.

16. Nor is this suspiciously low-effort dunk.

17. Nor, really, are lettuce, tomatoes, oranges, garlic, apples, lemons, cherries, corn, peaches, broccoli, plums, Swiss chard, watermelons, scallions, cranberries, parsley, and nectarines essential to our lives.

According to a Pew Research Center study, over 40% of farm workers in some states are undocumented. Estimates peg the total share of foreign-born farm workers between 70% and 90%. Photo by David McNew/Getty Images.

18. Or railroads that carry freight and Amish people across the country.

Thousands of Chinese immigrant laborers helped build America's rail network. Photo by Loco Steve/Flickr.

19. Or pastrami sandwiches.

Thanks, Yiddish-speakers! Photo by Spencer Platt/Getty Images.

20. Or chicken parmesan.

Thanks, Neopolitan-speakers! Photo by jeffreyw/Flickr.

21. Or P.F. Chang's ... and much of modern Chinese cuisine.

Cecilia Chang "spoke little English" when she immigrated to San Francisco in the '60s. She went on to introduce Americans to a variety of classic Chinese dishes. Her son Philip co-founded P.F. Chang's in 1993. Photo by M.O. Stevens/Wikimedia Commons.

22. Or nearly a quarter of the soldiers who fought to end slavery and establish the modern United States.

Immigrants speaking weird languages helped save the union. Photo via Library of Congress/Getty Images.

23. Or the military strategy that helped us win our independence in the first place.

Pictured: French General and noted code word Rochambeau and Marquis de Lafayette, Lancelot of the revolutionary set. Photo via Hulton Archive.

As the Founders said 261 years ago on that fateful July day in Independence Hall: "Meh, being British wouldn't be so bad!"

Non-native English speakers have been propping up, improving, and straight-up saving this country since (actual) day one.

The language you speak when you land in a new country doesn't predict how valuable an American you can be, and never did.

Immigrants, whether they can recite "The Wanderings of Oisin" from memory or can't read a children's book, are the lifeblood of this country.

Instead of slamming the door in their face, we should be thanking them for what they gave us.

Including America.



          Artist Residency Programmes        
International Artist Residency Programmes   The websites listed below lead to hundreds of international residency programmes.   The list of individual residencies in various countries is based on suggestions from Slade staff and students.   The document is intended as a general information resource: The Slade does not endorse any particular residency programme. ______________________________________________   Websites for general residency listings:   http://www.artquest.org.uk/articles/view/uk-residencies   http://www.resartis.org/en/   www.transartists.org/   http://royaldrawingschool.org/residencies/   culture360.asef.org/category/opportunities/residencies-opportunities/   www.artistcommunities.org/residencies   www.goethe.de/ges/prj/res/rpr/enindex.htm   residencyunlimited.org/opportunities/   www.artquest.org.uk › Art Directory › Artist Residencies   www.trianglenetwork.org/about   http://fineart.about.com/od/Artists-Residencies/tp/a-listing-of-Asian-artists-residencies.htm   _____________________________________________________   Dominican Republic Davidoff Art Initiative www.davidoffartinitiative.com/residency   China Organhaus Art Read more
          How To Make Mamajuana        
Last February we went to Punta Cana in the Dominican Republic and picked up a bottle of herbs to create Mamajuana. Having had many varieties of Mamajuana while in the Dominican my wife Jennifer and I thought it would be a worthy thing to play with at home.
          Murphy's Law — Luperón, Republica Dominica, Dominican Republic        
Hejira Heads South
          Paradise Found — Samaná Peninsula, Dominican Republic        
Hejira Heads South
          Trapped in Paradise. — Punta Cana, Dominican Republic        
Hejira Heads South
          Inland — Higuey, Dominican Republic        
Hejira Heads South
          Back in the thick of it. — Punta Cana, Dominican Republic        
Hejira Heads South
          Ismael Ogando, Gesellschaftskritiker & Kurator        
My first time in Berlin was during the spring of 2011, I was touring a sister duo of musicians I produced as a folk band named “Las Acevedo”. I took the twins to Madrid, while we were creating awareness about the education budget in the Dominican Republic being used for populist political campaign. We were […]
          Alumnus Darwin Aquino ’15 Wins at Soberano Awards 2016        
Alumnus Darwin Aquino ’15 Wins at Soberano Awards 2016Less than a year after graduating, FIU School of Music alumnus and conductor/composer Darwin Aquino ’15 received the Successful Dominican Artist Abroad Award in the classical category at the Soberano Awards 2016 (Premios Soberano in Spanish) on May 31st, the biggest award show in the Dominican Republic held each year in the National Theater Eduardo Brito […]
          Punta Cana Vacations: The Best Of Both Worlds        
How is having Punta Cana Vacations going to give you the best of both worlds? You might wonder about it. If you search in the Internet, Punta Cana is located in the easternmost part of the Dominican Republic. People would often call the whole easternmost part of the Dominican Republic as Punta Can when in reality, it is comprised of different cities and these are Cap Cana, Punta Cana, Cabeza de Toro, Bavaro, El Cortecito, Arena Gorda, Macao and Uvero Alto. The places mentioned are from south to north. This is because Punta Cana is the most popular among them.
          30 ‘Fast and Furious’ Franchise Facts You Might Not Know (Photos)        

“The Fast and the Furious”

The movie was inspired by a magazine article
The idea for “The Fast and the Furious” was originally born after director Rob Cohen read an article called “Racer X” in Vibe Magazine, by Ken Li, in 1998. The article detailed the New York street racing scene. After that, Cohen sought out a race in Los Angeles, and after seeing it, was inspired to do the movie. He convinced Universal and bought the rights to the article from Li.

The movie was originally called “Redline”
For most of the filming, “The Fast and the Furious” had a different name: “Redline.” The producers landed on the new title before they finished the movie, but couldn’t use it because the rights belonged to director Roger Corman from his 1955 movie of the same name. Universal eventually agreed to give Corman the rights to some Universal stock footage in exchange for the rights to the title.

The Race Wars scene was full of real car enthusiasts
Cohen visited real street races in Los Angeles, and enlisted the actual racers (and their actual cars) for some of the street racing scenes in the movie. That included more than 200 racers in the scene in which Brian (Paul Walker) races Dom (Vin Diesel), and more than 1,500 actual car enthusiasts in the “Race Wars” scene.

The movie shares a location with “Point Break”
“The Fast and the Furious” takes some inspiration with the Keanu Reeves-Patrick Swayze movie “Point Break,” in which an FBI agent goes undercover to infiltrate a group of surfer bank robbers. There’s another commonality: In “The Fast and the Furious,” Dom and Brian go to a restaurant called Neptune’s Net, a real place in Malibu. It’s also the restaurant in which Tyler (Lori Petty) works in “Point Break.”

Not everyone in the cast could, uh, drive
Despite the movie being about insane driving stunts, there were two cast members who didn’t have driver’s licenses: Michelle Rodriguez, who plays Letty, and Jordana Brewster, who plays Mia.

The train-jumping scene was two shots
The scene at the end of the movie, in which Brian and Dom just barely beat a speeding train while racing, was shot twice. The train was nowhere near hitting the cars, despite how death-defying the scene looks — because the portion with the cars was shot separately from the portion with the train, and the two elements were combined in post-production.

2 Fast 2 Furious

A short film links “The Fast and the Furious” and “2 Fast”
There’s more to the story of “2 Fast 2 Furious.” A short film included with the movie’s DVD release bridges the end of the first movie, in which undercover cop Brian allows thief Dom to escape capture. Afterward, Brian finds himself on the run, racing across the country to earn money before landing in Miami.

The story changed after Vin Diesel left
Originally, Vin Diesel and “The Fast and the Furious” director Rob Cohen were asked to return for the sequel, but Diesel left the project. Diesel has said he left because “the script sucked,” but other reports have the studio balking at Diesel’s $30 million price tag. Cohen left soon after, replaced by director John Singleton. Diesel’s departure from the project led to the script that was made, featuring Tyrese Gibson as Brian’s boyhood friend, Roman Pearce.

Ja Rule was almost a star of the franchise
Rapper Chris “Ludacris” Bridges joined the “Fast & Furious” franchise in the second movie, taking a place in the cast that could have been occupied by rapper Jeffrey “Ja Rule” Atkins. Ja Rule was set to reprise his role as racer Edwin from the first film, and would have had a starring role in the movie after Vin Diesel exited. According to a story from Grantland, he balked at the role when he was offered $500,000 for it. Director John Singleton said talks with Ja Rule broke down, so he called up Ludacris, who was excited for the role. So Edwin was rewritten to be Tej, and Ludacris would become a franchise mainstay.

“The Fast and the Furious: Tokyo Drift”

“Tokyo Drift” is actually the sixth movie in the film timeline
Although it wasn’t made that way at the time, the “Fast & Furious” series was later retconned to move “Tokyo Drift” ahead in the film continuity. Han is introduced and also dies in “Tokyo Drift,” but he returns in “Fast 5.” That means the fourth movie, “Fast & Furious,” “Fast 5” and “Fast & Furious 6” actually come before it in the continuity. A post-credits scene in “Fast & Furious 6” recontextualizes a scene in “Tokyo Drift” to set up “Furious 7.”

Han is unofficially from the movie “Better Luck Tomorrow”
“Tokyo Drift” director Justin Lin‘s first movie also features actor Sung Kang, who plays Han in the “Fast & Furious” movies. In “Better Luck Tomorrow,” Kang’s character is also called Han, and while “Better Luck Tomorrow” isn’t officially part of the “Fast & Furious” canon, both Kang and Lin consider the two characters to be the same person.

Han’s full name is Han Seoul-Oh
The extremely cool character Han goes by the pseudonym “Han Seoul-Oh.” It’s a reference to the “Star Wars” smuggler scoundrel Han Solo, played by Harrison Ford.

The cost of Vin Diesel‘s cameo: “The Chronicles of Riddick”
Justin Lin had to convince Vin Diesel to do his cameo at the end of “Tokyo Drift,” which was the beginning of his return to the franchise in Lin’s next movie, “Fast & Furious.” Diesel agreed to do the cameo in exchange for the rights to “The Chronicles of Riddick,” Diesel’s sci-fi franchise. After two movies in the franchise, Universal was slow about wanting to do a third even though Diesel wanted the sequel. He agreed to return to “Fast & Furious,” and Universal agreed to give him “Riddick.”

“Fast & Furious”

Series mainstays were reunited after eight years
The fourth movie in the franchise (but third chronologically) was nearly a decade removed from “The Fast and the Furious.” After eight years, it was the first time series mainstays Walker, Diesel and Jordana Brewster were reunited on-screen. Michelle Rodriguez also reprises her role in the movie, but doesn’t have screentime with most of the other principles before she’s “killed.”

Brian was originally going to escape prison
“Fast & Furious” reboots the cop-and-robber dynamic between Walker and Diesel, but it wasn’t always the plan. After Walker’s turn on the wrong side of the law in “2 Fast 2 Furious,” his character was originally supposed to break out of jail at the start of the movie. Instead, he was rewritten as a reformed FBI agent — although working for the law doesn’t last.

Vin Diesel directed a short film that sets up “Fast & Furious”
In “The Fast and the Furious,” Dominic Toretto escapes police and flees to Baja, Mexico. It’s years before his return to the franchise in “Fast & Furious,” and to bridge the gap, Vin Diesel wrote and directed the short film “Los Bandoleros.” The short rekindles Dom’s relationship with Letty (Michelle Rodriguez), puts the team in the Dominican Republic for the start of “Fast & Furious,” and introduces Dom’s relationship with Han, Tego Leo (Tego Calderón) and Santos (Don Omar). All three will return to the franchise in “Fast 5.”

“Fast 5”

The Rock’s role was originally written for Tommy Lee Jones
Vin Diesel revealed in a Facebook post that the role of Luke Hobbs, the Diplomatic Security Service manhunter who goes after Dom and the rest of his crew, was originally written for “The Fugitive” actor Tommy Lee Jones. Diesel said it was a fan suggestion that led him and Justin Lin to reach out to The Rock for the part instead.

“Fast 5” was originally planned as the second part of a “trilogy”
When Diesel returned to the franchise with Lin, they also teamed with screenwriter Chris Morgan. They dealt with “Fast & Furious,” “Fast 5” and “Fast & Furious 6” as if they were an “internal trilogy” within the franchise. Diesel said in an interview with Screen Rant that his view for sequels in the franchise was that there should be a long-term story plan in place, so the three movies have something of an arc.

The bank vault had a car inside
The climax of the heist includes Dom and Brian stealing a whole bank vault by dragging it through a city behind their cars. The filmmakers achieved those shots with real vaults, but not while it was being pulled. That was a mock-up fit around a truck that could be driven to give the illusion the cars were pulling it.

Morgan and Lin changed the direction of the series in “Fast 5”
Unlike the earlier movies in the franchise, which are often about racing, “Fast 5” takes a different tack. Lin wanted to angle the franchise more toward action and away from a straight car-culture movie, in order to open it up to a wider audience. Morgan made the story focus on an intricate heist in order to open up more angles for future films.

Eva Mendes reprises her role in a post-credits scene
Actress Eva Mendes played an undercover customs agent working with Brian and Roman in “2 Fast 2 Furious,” and has never returned to the series. But she was seemingly supposed to: Mendes shows up again at the end of “Fast 5” in a post-credits scene with Hobbs. She teases fans with a major reveal: the fact that Letty wasn’t killed in “Fast & Furious” and would actually return in the sixth movie.

“Fast & Furious 6”

It was almost two films

There was so much story planned for the sixth movie in the franchise that Diesel said in 2011 the movie was planned to be made in two parts. Of course, it didn’t actually happen that way: “Fast & Furious 6” was cut edited down to fit into one film before it was released. The next movie, “Furious 7,” finally takes the story past “Tokyo Drift.”

The runway at the end is obscenely long
The final action sequence has the whole crew chasing a cargo plane trying to take off, and it goes on for quite a while. There’s so much chasing involved, in fact, that people have done the math to figure out just how much road it would take to get it all done. Vulture.com figured the runway would have be 28.86 miles; by contrast, the longest paved runway in the world is just 3.4 miles.

Michelle Rodriguez didn’t know Letty was still alive
Fans were shocked to find out that Letty survived “Fast & Furious” during the post-credits scene in “Fast 5.” But producer Vin Diesel didn’t tell Rodriguez that her character made it through the fourth movie. She told Yahoo! Movies she learned of Letty’s survival the same way as fans: by watching the post-credits sequence in “Fast 5.”

Stunt coordinators went through 300 cars
The “Fast & Furious” films have no shortage of real wrecked cars, but the numbers were pretty ridiculous in the sixth film. Coordinators went through 300 cars during the course of the movie, and had two working tanks for the scene on the bridge — plus two mock-ups.

“Furious 7”

The movie retcons “Tokyo Drift”
To get the “Fast & Furious” timeline straight, “Furious & Furious 6” and “Furious 7” make major changes to Han’s death in “Tokyo Drift.” The movies put the blame on Deckard Shaw (Jason Statham), brother of “Fast & Furious 6” villain Owen Shaw (Luke Evans).

Paul Walker’s brothers helped complete the film after his death
When Walker died in 2013, he left part of the film unfinished. Diesel and director James Wan added a lengthy tribute to Walker at the end of the film, and to finish it, Walker’s brothers Caleb and Cody stood in for their brother. The filmmakers used special effects and old footage of Paul to digitally add his face to his brothers’ body for certain shots, particularly in the tribute scene. Meanwhile, Walker’s character Brian is retired in the movie to live his life with Dom’s sister, Mia.

Denzel Washington turned down Kurt Russell’s role
Washington was offered, and turned down, a “mysterious” major role for “Furious 7” during the course of filming. The role wasn’t detailed at the time to avoid spoilers, but with “Furious 7” out, we know who took his place: Kurt Russell, in the role of Mr. Nobody. Russell is a government covert ops team leader who teams with Dom and the crew as they deal with Deckard Shaw.

The filmmakers really dropped cars out of a plane
One of the biggest set pieces in the movie involves the crew driving out of a cargo plane in midair, then parachuting to a remote mountain road in order to hijack a convoy. Ridiculous as it might sound, the filmmakers did, in fact, drop a bunch of cars out of a plane to film the scene. Skydivers had to follow the cars out to get the shot. One car was destroyed in the attempt because its parachute didn’t open.

Ludacris had to convince the filmmakers to let him fight
Tej is the tech-minded member of the crew, but Ludacris had asked repeatedly for a chance to do a fight scene. He got the opportunity because he started training in the 52 Blocks style of martial arts, then made a demo reel to show to Diesel and director James Wan.


          Dominican Republic - "Monde-Enfant"         
In the 1980s, at least 200 children were separated from their families into an effective "adoption machine" that was set up by a network of Quebec missionaries and adoptive parents.
Date: 2015-09-01
Number of children: 200

Location

Hato Mayor del Rey
Dominican Republic

          Ale Veltmann To Speak At Convocation        
Alejandra Veltmann is a graduate of Anderson's class of 1992, earning her BBA in Accounting with a GPA of 4.0 as well as acting as commencement speaker.  After graduation she joined the international accounting firm of Arthur Andersen in Albuquerque, and later transferred to Houston in 1995, when she joined KPMG LLP, another Big 4 accounting firm.  After 10 years in public accounting, she began her consulting career in the role as CFO for clients in various industries, including manufacturing, distribution, residential construction, financial institutions, and oil and gas services.  A native of Mexico City and with a Spanish fluency of business terminology and culture, she dealt with accounting issues for multinational entities, and provided training of client executives from Mexico, Canada, Costa Rica, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Spain and China.  Ale left the financial services industry to hold financial management positions, including controller for a $2 billion publicly held oil & gas services company.  She currently serves as Vice President and Chief Accounting Officer of Paragon Offshore, a publicly held global offshore drilling company.

Ale is a member of the Texas Society of Certified Public Accountants and has served as board member, treasurer and finance committee chair for the Women’s Business Enterprise Alliance in Houston, and board member of a private oil & gas service company.  She is also an active supporter and a volunteer translator for a women’s non-profit organization.  She likes running, loves music, enjoys playing the piano when no one can hear her play, and loves to spend time playing golf with her family.

Anderson School of Management's Convocation takes place on Saturday, December 17, at 2:00 p.m. at Johnson Gym. All are invited.
          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauNorth America is the third largest continent in the world , comprising of 23 countries.Here is the list of 23 countries in North America and their capitals.
North America



 S.no. Countries Capitals
          1.          
Antigua and Barbuda
St. John's
2.
The Bahamas
Nassau
3.
Barbados
Bridgetown
4.
Belize
Belmopan
5.
Canada
Ottawa
6.
Costa Rica
San José
7.
Cuba
Havana
8.
Dominica
Roseau
9.
The Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo
10.
El Salvador
San Salvador
11.
Grenada
St. George's
12.
Guatemala
Guatemala City
13.
Haiti
Port-au-Prince
14.
Honduras
Tegucigalpa
15.
Jamaica
Kingston
16.
Mexico
Mexico City
17.
Nicaragua
Managua
18.
Panama
Panama City
19.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Basseterre
20.
Saint Lucia
Castries
21.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Kingstown
22.
Trinidad and Tobago
Port of Spain
23.
The United States
Washington, District of Columbi


          Panama Canal Celebrates 100th Birthday        

When the Panama Canal opened one hundred years ago, global trade was instantly revolutionised. The 77km international waterway instantly saved ships 13,000kms from a journey around the southern tip of South America (Cape Horn) by providing simple passage between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Prior to the opening of the canal in 1914, Panama was granted independence following an uprising in 1903, when the new government negotiated a treaty with the US, supporters of the revolution ultimately because of their desire for the canal development.

The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty allowed the US to build the Panama Canal and provided for perpetual control of a zone 8kms wide on either side of the waterway.

Panama took control of the canal from the US in 2000 with transit fees attracting around €800m a year for the tiny country with a population of just 3.5 million people. When China became a global exporter in the early 2000s, the Panama Canal was strategically placed to link the nation to America's east coast.

Juan Carlos Varela has made a commitment to bring about change

Since 2007, the Panama Canal expansion project has been underway. The €4.1bn project will allow ships double the size to pass through the canal, dramatically increasing the amount of goods that can pass through the waterway.

Latin American economist Michael Henderson said: " The canal has been such an important driver of growth that the whole domestic industry has been built around that ".

Panama's business climate recently ranked highest in the World Bank's Business Survey of Central America and Dominican Republic and is perennially a top retirement destination for many Americans.

However, with around one third of Panamanians living in poverty, the tiny nation has some way to go to address inequality amongst its population.

Newly elected President Juan Carlos Varela has made a commitment to bring about change, introduce more transparency and combat poverty in Panama.

" He seems to have captured the popular mood in Panama, " said Michael Henderson. " His campaign was to clean up politics and it will be what his success is ultimately judged on. "

As a result of the massive canal regeneration project, some of Panama's poorest neighbourhoods are seeing large-scale transformation. The Casco Viejo in particular, one of the country's most run-down areas is getting a complete face-lift as properties are renovated and trendy bars, shops and boutique hotels start to appear.

Ultimately, the Panama Canal has been the making of the Central American nation, which despite income disparity and relatively high levels of poverty will continue its growth spurt for many years to come.

 


Article by +https://plus.google.com/104516603036446499629?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          10 Things You Never Knew About Spain        

Spain is one of the world's oldest cultures, steeped in a rich heritage and influential across continents throughout history. The Mediterranean climate and idyllic coastline attract millions of tourists every year, making Spain one of the top holiday destinations in Europe.

Despite most peoples' familiarity with Spain, there are some interesting facts about the country that will surprise you. Let's take a look….

FACT ONE:
Most people think that Italy is the main producer of olive oil whereas in reality, Spain produces 45% of all the olive oil in the world! The average Spaniard consumes almost 14 litres of olive oil each year.
FACT TWO:
Spain has had a number of different names throughout its history.
The North African inhabitants who first crossed the Straits of Gibraltar called the country Iberia, meaning land of rivers. When the Greeks followed and invaded the peninsula, they called the land Hesperia, meaning 'land of the setting sun' as it was the westernmost point of the European continent at that time.
Around 300BC, the Carthaginians were next to claim what is now Spain, naming it Ispania which means 'land of the rabbits'. Later when the Romans took over, they Latinised the name to Hispania. Over time this changed to España and so essentially, Spain remains the 'land of rabbits'!
FACT THREE:
Spaniards traditionally have two surnames. The first surname is taken from the father and the second from the mother. For example, if your name is Juan Martín Lopez and your wife's name is Elena González García, your child's surname will be Martín González.
FACT FOUR:
The physical centre of Spain is the Puerta del Sol ('Gate of the Sun') plaza in Madrid. It is marked as KM0 for the Spanish radial road network.
FACT FIVE:
Although Christopher Columbus was Italian, he had an agreement with the Spanish Catholic Monarchs leading to him setting sail for the Indies under the auspices of the Spanish Monarchy.
The terms of the agreement were that Columbus could claim governorship of all lands he found for Spain, a tenth of all revenue from new found lands and the title of 'Admiral of the Ocean'. The monarchy agreed to his terms only to renege on them when he surprised them by returning!
FACT SIX:
Don Quixote by Spanish author Miguel Cervantes, originally published in 1605 was voted the 'most meaningful book of all time' in 2002 by a panel of 100 top authors including, Salman Rushdie, Norman Mailer, Doris Lesson and Caroles Fuentes.
FACT SEVEN:
Spanish is the second most widely-spoken language in the world, with 410 million native speakers.
Other than Spain, it is the official language of the following countries: Argentina, Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Paraguay, Panama, Mexico, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Ecuador, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Peru, Uruguay, Puerto Rico, Venezuela and Equatorial Guinea.
FACT EIGHT:
Spain is the 13th largest economy in the world with a GDP of €1 trillion. The nation also has a very high Human Development Index, ranked 23rd in the world, indicating the level of education in Spain.
FACT NINE:
Between 711 and 718AD, Islamic Moorish armies conquered nearly all of Spain. Muslim rule persisted in the country for almost 781 years although often fragmented. Thanks to the Muslim legacy, Spain now has a more unique culture and heritage than its neighbour France.
FACT TEN:
Spanish football club Real Madrid is the most valuable sports team in the world. They boast annual revenues in excess of €500m and a brand value of €2.4bn. Arch rivals Barcelona rank third with a brand value of €1.9bn.

Article by +https://plus.google.com/104516603036446499629?rel=author on behalf of Propertyshowrooms.com
          Diasporic Remnants        
I’m always interested in interesting tales and connections regarding the Japanese diaspora. Here’s a couple that I’ve run across: New research on Japanese settlers in Korea; Jorge Luis Borges, the great surrealist, married a Nikkei Argentinian woman late in life; Japanese post-WWII settlers in the Dominican Republic abandoned by both governments. I love being part […]
          Cruise Travel: A Look Inside The Fathom Adonia Library #travel AD #TravelDeep        
Amber, Mackenzie and I recently came back from our Dominican Republic Impact Travel Cruise with Fathom. And I want to share with you a little about the ship itself. I haven’t seen a post about the Fathom Adonia library anywhere so I simply must cover it. It’s the real hidden gem of this ship. Amber […]
          Meet A Real Dominican Family + An Explanation Of Impact Travel #sponsored #TravelDeep #travel        
Yesterday, Amber, Mackenzie and I landed in the Dominican Republic via the Fathom Adonia cruise ship. We left Miami on Sunday, landed here yesterday {Tuesday} and will be here until Friday afternoon. Then we finish our trip in Miami on Sunday. The Fathom Adonia offers a different kind of cruise than what you might expect. […]
          police hunt for Michael Brown's missing millions        

British police are still trying to trace £18m allegedly stolen by the Liberal Democrats' fugitive donor Michael Brown, who is expected to be extradited to Britain within the next 10 days. Brown, 46, was in a holding cell near Madrid airport on Sunday, having been deported from the Dominican Republic, where he had been on the run from UK authorities for three years. Brown, who gave £2.4m to the Liberal Democrats before the 2005 general election, is not expected to challenge a formal move to extradite him to London which has already been set in motion. He was convicted of theft and false accounting in his absence in Britain in 2008 and sentenced to seven years in jail. Detectives are still trying to trace around £18m of Brown's stolen money, which had been moved between his accounts in the US, Britain and Switzerland, the Guardian understands. Brown was estimated to have stolen more than £60m in a number of frauds. Most of his assets have been accounted for in property deals, a Bentley, a yacht and the private jet once used to fly senior Lib Dems across the UK. However, more than £18m has not yet been accounted for. "The file at Interpol on Brown and his associates remains open," a source told the Guardian. Brown's return will be another embarrassing development in the long-running saga over the Lib Dems' biggest single donation. The party has refused to compensate any of Brown's victims, claiming it received the money in good faith and spent it on the 2005 election campaign. Lib Dem leader Nick Clegg welcomed Brown's return to Britain but said on Sunday that the party would not be returning his donation because the Electoral Commission had concluded the money had been received in good faith. The deputy prime minister, who pointed out that the donation was made before he was elected to Westminster, told BBC1's Sunday Politics: "I'm very pleased he's coming back to serve his sentence. This is a convicted fraudster. "I should stress that this is something which happened as far as the Liberal Democrats are concerned before I was even an MP, yet alone leader of the Liberal Democrats. What I've been told is that the Electoral Commission in 2009 looked at this exhaustively – as far as the receipt of that money by the Liberal Democrats from one of his companies. They categorically concluded that the money was received in good faith and all the controls, all the checks that should have been made were reasonably made by the Liberal Democrats at the time. If we'd been shown wanting on those accounts then of course we should pay the money back." But Brown's return will increase focus on the Electoral Commission inquiry into Brown's donations. The inquiry failed to call the Lib Dems' former treasurer, Reg Clark, who resigned over Brown in 2005 and warned advisers to the former Lib Dem leader Charles Kennedy that Brown should be treated with extreme caution. One of Brown's victims said the Lib Dems should return the money. Tony Brown, managing partner at law firm Bivonas which represents US attorney Robert Mann who lost more than $5m (£3m), said Brown may be asked to give evidence as part of his client's claim against the Lib Dems. "The Lib Dems have refused to repay this money to our client even though they know that this is the proceeds of crime. The Electoral Commission has failed to investigate this properly in our view. So now that Brown is returning to the jurisdiction, we can investigate again and establish the basis on which the Lib Dems received this money." Brown is expected to appear before a Spanish court to confirm his name and will then appear before an extradition hearing within 10 days. City of London police, who first uncovered Brown's fraud, confirmed his deportation. Detective Superintendent Bob Wishart said: "We hope that him facing justice will bring some closure to the victims who suffered as a result of his frauds." A close friend of Brown's told the Guardian on Sunday that he had arrived in Spain on Saturday after "volunteering" for deportation from the Dominican Republic, where he has been hiding for three years under the name of Darren Nally. "He asked to return to Britain. He is going home to face the music," the friend said. Brown appeared to come from nowhere when the party was paid £2.4m in the runup to the 2005 election from his company 5th Avenue Partners. A fast-talking and brash Glaswegian, he had walked into the party's then headquarters in Cowley Street and offered it money. He was not registered to vote, had no interest in politics and had never been a party member, but said he was giving the money to create an even playing field. Brown wined and dined with Charles Kennedy and other party grandees, and used his private jet to fly Kennedy across the country during the election campaign. Former Lib Dem insiders say he dazzled them with stories of Gordonstoun public school, St Andrews University and his connections with royalty and the US government. The truth was that he had attended his local school and completed a City and Guilds in catering at Glasgow College of Food Technology. He had no US government links – although he was wanted in Florida for cheque fraud. He was arrested in late 2005 after four former clients said he had duped them out of more than £40m in a high-yield fraud. His victims included Martin Edwards, the former Manchester United chairman, who had invested £8m with 5th Avenue Partners. The court would later be told that 5th Avenue Partners was wholly fraudulent and Brown had given money to the Lib Dems to give himself an air of respectability while duping his victims. The party had been used as part of his cover story, a judge said. In June 2008, while awaiting trial, Brown fled and a warrant was issued for his arrest. In the weeks before he disappeared, from his Hampstead bail address in north London, he changed his name on the electoral roll to Campbell-Brown and allowed his hair to turn grey. He travelled to the Dominican Republic where he enjoyed a millionaire's lifestyle while on the run. He lived in gated communities yards from some of the most pristine beaches in the Caribbean, drove a series of 4x4 vehicles and was a regular at exclusive golf courses. In Punta Cana, an exclusive resort on the eastern tip of the island, he could often be seen walking his dog – named Charles, after the former Lib Dem leader. He was arrested in Punta Cana in January on unrelated fraud allegations.


          Dominican Republic Vacation        
Lying in the same waters as Cuba and Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic takes up the eastern two thirds of the island it shares with Haiti. Palm fringed beaches, adventure sports, casinos, rich history and culture and above all, hospitable Dominican people make this country a prime vacation spot.
          Andalusia, Spain        
Welcome back, Blog Fans.  Well, we've had our final fling by going to southern Spain for the October Half Term break.  As I've probably mentioned before, I really prefer the school schedule here (3 terms, shorter summer break, pseudo-year round) that allows for better spacing of vacations/holidays.  I was surprised to realize that this was our 13th week or longer holiday over our nearly 3 years here.  Wow.  That's embarrassingly fortunate. 





We took slightly longer than a week to fit in 3 different stops in the Andalusia region of Spain .  We flew from our local East Midlands Airport on yet another discount carrier (Jet2) to Málaga (F).  We then took a bus (coach) to Granada (B, 2 hrs) where we stayed two nights.  From there, we took another bus to Sevilla (E, 3 hrs) for 5 nights.  While there, we did a day trip to Córdoba (D, 45 mins) before returning back to Málaga (2 hrs) for 2 nights.

One of the main draws to the area for me is lasting Moorish influence in the area.  Spain was occupied by the Romans for 7-800 years until the fall of the Roman Empire around 400 AD or so.  The Visigoths came in for awhile until 711 when the Moors from N. Africa took over (we were told that they were invited to help settle a squabble between two kingdoms and decided to stay).  The Moors, and their Muslim influence, were in control for over 700 years until the Catholic Reconquest finally defeated them in Granada in 1492.  Fortunately, the Moorish influence is still prevalent in the area.  As a result, one gets a unique mix of Moorish history and architecture and Spanish culture all rolled into one trip.

The area is also known for it good weather (though quite hot in the summer) and nearby Costa del Sol beaches and White Hill towns.  However, we stuck to the historical cities for this trip.


Granada

Saturday
After checking into our very nice, semi-serviced apartment (link), we decided to check out Granada.  Here's the very large cathedral (we saved touring for another day).  Recall that Granada was the last Moorish city and the Catholics wanted to make a big statement so they knocked down the mosque and built on top of it.


A statue of Columbus' contract with Isabella.  It's no coincidence that he set off in the same year Granada was reconquered.  Riding the wave . . . .



Now walking along Plaza Nueva and Paseo de los Tristes; this is the Church of Santa Anna.  We stuck our heads in and, oops, wedding.  Can you top that Tara?

snapped this one on our way back -- the happy bride
 
 a bridge along Paseo de los Tristes and the Darro River -- that's my small family there


 there they are


 another church and a peek at part of the Alhambra


looking up at Alhambra -- more views to come and a visit the next day

We also made a stop to the Royal Chapel (Capilla Real) next to the Cathedral.   (no photos).  Here the bodies of Ferdinand and Isabella, the Catholic Monarchs of the Reconquista rest.  Interesting site.


Sunday -- the Alhambra

"The last and greatest Moorish Palace".  Limited tickets are available to the Alhambra (or more specifically to the Palacios Nazaries inside) and advance purchase is highly recommended.  We had a "morning" slot with a 12:00 entry to the Palacios so we got to the complex around 10:00 to look at the other, un-timed, sites.
 
As with most palaces/forts, this one is on top of a hill.  We rode a small bus up to save our legs.  Here's a view back down into the city.


Garden shot (the grounds are huge).  Nice weather as you can see.


faux artsy hedge shot
 

this was an entrance to an old Moorish bath -- the rounded (horseshoe) archway is typical Moorish architecture
 

 a view of the Alcazar (fort) at the far end of the complex (towards the city)


 and looking down to Granada and the large cathedral


 
We've made it in to the Palacios now -- here's a closeup of the Muslim/Moorish artwork.  The top one is script.  These type designs are in many of the rooms.  Very geometric and repetitive.  Muslims tend not to have people or animals in their artwork.

  a bigger version in one of the rooms -- this one still had a bit of color left


 Courtyard of the Myrtles


Grand Hall of the Ambassadors (a perfect cube) was essentially a throne room for the sultan to great emissaries.  It was likely that the Reconquista was completed here when the last Moorish king, Boabdil, signed the terms of surrender.  It was also here where Columbus made his final pitches to Ferdinand and Isabella.


 the kids and Myrtle


 Courtyard of the Lions -- a rare chance with few people in the shot


 the Lions -- these used to be set to tell the time every hour
 

 in case you thought I was getting too cultured -- I couldn't pass up this "rear" view of a group photo


 another angle


 I think this is the "living room" or the Hall of Abencerrajes


more tantalizing artwork


I was a bit confused about which sites required tickets and had to be accessed before our "morning" slot was over at 2 pm.  (This caused a bit of tension with my other half).  So, after a quick sandwich, we decided to hightail it to the opposite end of the complex and the Generalife Gardens.

 but first, more wedding photos


Now in the gardens, here's a pomegranate tree -- don't see those every day.  The pomegranate is the symbol of the city (and granada is the Spanish word for pomegranate)

 peaceful fountains and flowers


 close up

After our touring, we decided to partake in a Spanish tradition:  the siesta.  We were due for a break.  Afterwards, we caught another mini-bus to the old town (Albayzín) for a quick stroll around.

We also stopped for a drink and one of our favorite tapas, melon con jamón with a sunset view of . . . .


 . . . the Alhambra

We ate dinner elsewhere.  I'll save the bulk of the food photos for the end.

Monday

We had a chance to walk around a bit before our bus to Sevilla so we took advantage.


One of the better buskers.  Always good to get a dog involved.

 
This was in a store near our apartment.  Made me think of my therapeutic/hobby artist Aunt Helen (the style, not the shape!).


We had a chance for a quick tour of the cathedral as well.


Impressive organ, though it made me think of the trumpeters in Monty Python's Holy Grail.


 Entrance to the Corral del Corbón, a protected place for merchants in ye olde times


 and inside -- dates back to the 14th century
 

 tick one off Alex's list -- a plate full of churros and a hidden cup of chocolate
 
and finally in Plaza de Bib-Rambla before heading to the bus station and our journey to Sevilla

Sevilla

Tuesday

We like walking tours (Kuk in particular) so we tend to look for ones when visiting a city.  The timing didn't work out for Granada, but we wanted to make sure we did one in Sevilla.  We were very happy with Sevilla Walking Tours (link).  We took their 2-hour city tour and liked it so much we signed up for their 1-hr tours of the Alcázar and the Cathedral.

We've got a lot going on at the moment with "challenging" situations at work and preparing to move back to the US.  As such, I didn't quite do the detail planning that I normally do.  One thing I assumed was that it was going to be sunny and warm the entire time.  Oops.  Most of our 5 nights in Sevilla had some rain.  We had light rain coats, but I did buy a couple of crappy, disposable umbrellas as penance.  Oh well.  At least the rain held off for the city tour.


Miguel de Cervantes, author of Don Quixote, was imprisoned in Sevilla for bankruptcy and may have written part of the book there.  The statue is on the street Entre Carceles (between jails) and is, in fact, facing the jail.  (some Sevillian humor)


the courtyard of Iglesia del Salvador, another former mosque -- here are some Moorish Archways from when the ground was much lower


another courtyard shot with some orange trees in the mix


 a quick shot of some flamenco dresses (a big deal here)


 the Cathedral's Bell Tower (only the photographer is leaning)


 a little more of this huge cathedral from the outside


 a street with traditional colors and orange trees -- the trees are primarily used for their year round shade.  In the Spring, they blossom and produce a wonderful fragrance I'm told.  The fruit, however, is not so sweet.  They are actually shipped out to make marmalade for the Brits.


another view of the Cathedral

After a quick lunch (tapas, naturally), we were ready for the afternoon tour of the Alcazár (fort).

After having seen the Alhambra, I was prepared for a letdown of this Moorish Alcázar.  However, it turned out to be a really pleasant and interesting afternoon.

From Rick Steves:

. . . originally a 10th-century palace built for governors of the local Moorish state, this building still functions as a royal palace -- the oldest in use in Europe.  The core of the palace features an extensive 14th-century rebuild, done by Muslim workmen for the Christian King, Pedro I (1334-1369).  Pedro's palace embraces both cultural traditions.

Sevilla was reconquered in 1248 so this was quite unusual/shocking to build in this Moorish influence at the time.

 the patio before the formal entrance


 a peek at some of the Moorish architecture


 inside the main courtyard


there's our trusty guide Alfonso who was with us for all 3 tours -- he was great; loved his sense of humor too

Additional photos of the palace, etc. below.  We really enjoyed it, perhaps even more than the Alhambra??


 
 
 
 
 
some ceramics in the Banquet room, I believe.  I forget which Queen this was supposed to be, but I was struck by the homeliness.  Big foreheads (shaved back) were in style.  Wish I could remember the story behind this . . .


this was the last panel -- looks like they ran out of money or time or had a sense of humor by placing the final tiles in a haphazard way (perhaps a statement about their wages too)


We walked around the gardens on our own after the tour but unfortunately it had started to rain.  I wanted to snap this one to get the color of the sand.  This was the basis for the "yellow" used in the traditional house colors.


 more gardens
 

 night time shot of the Cathedral
 

We decided to try a flamenco show.  There are many options for this and we decided on the Casa de la Memoria a less touristy, no frills, intimate, and "traditional" show.  Can't say it was exactly what I was expecting though perhaps I was expecting the wrong thing.  It was intimate (we had front row seats) and they were talented but it was more of a series of solos and fairly angry if I were to describe it.  I was expecting more "duets" (or whatever the right term is) and more sensuous/romantic.  Not sure where I got that idea.  Still glad we went but perhaps I didn't pick the right show for us.

Wednesday

We started the day by heading to the Plaza de la Encarnación.  Home of the big mushroom or waffle:

The city is split on this bold statement.  I kinda like it.  It's named the Metropol Parasol and is made of wood and glue (supposedly). 

Underneath, they have some Roman ruins (an antiquarium) and they were well worth a look.  
 

 including a Medusa Mosaic -- it was a nice little exhibit



Of course we had to go up to the top of the Parasol/mushroom to get a closer look
 

 along with nice view of the city


ditto
 

Next up was our tour of the Cathedral.  I must say, I'm a bit cathedraled out but there were a couple of interesting tidbits in this one.  The Cathedral is the 3rd largest in Europe behind St. Peter's and St. Paul's and is the largest gothic church anywhere.  Once again, they took the site of the city's mosque (keeping its bell tower) and built it in a relatively quick 120 years in the 15th/16th century.

 organ shot


Gothic arches
 

an interesting fact about Spanish Cathedrals is that you cannot see the altar directly from the front/back of the church as the choir is placed in the way.  For large churches, folks would go to "listen" to church since they couldn't see the priest (other than on video screens)


We had quite a discussion about this tomb.  It holds the remains of Christopher Columbus.  Old CC has been moved around quite a bit (Spain, Dominican Republic, Cuba and Sevilla) but they did DNA testing (his son is also buried here) and confirmed it was him.  However, they only have about 100g (arm and some jaw) and our guide Alfonso joked that they just have "Christopher Columbus tapas".  He also said jokingly that they have him in this raised tombed in case they need to move him again!

The pallbearers represent the four kingdoms of Catile, Aragon, León and Navaree.   Note the mural of St. Christopher from 1584 in the background.

Of course, we had to climb the bell tower.  The "climb" was actually on a ramp that allowed donkeys to travel up (must have taken awhile).  I believe there were 34 ramps in total.  Nice views from the top though.


this one is of the bullring which we visit later in the week


Alfonso gave us a recommendation for a very small tapas place that we ate at that night.  There were just 4-5 tables.  He vouched for the food but also told us the reason it is so good is that his mother is in the back cooking (it's his sister's place).  Glad we tried it!

Córdoba (Thursday)

Thursday was the day for our day trip to Córdoba.  I had pre-purchased tickets on the high speed AVE train which made for a quick 45-minute trip each way.  Córdoba's claim to fame is the Mezquita, a former mosque with a 16th century church built inside.  Another very impressive site.


We are inside the courtyard/patio with the bell tower in the background (this one wasn't open for climbing).


 another courtyard shot


very unique architecture on the inside -- the columns date from 786 (there are apparently 850 of them) and they are topped with double arches.  It looks like the go on forever.


there is an early mosaic from the 6th century that shows that the site was actually a church before the mosque


the Mihrab -- a mosque equivalent of the high altar


 another view


while taking a pit stop I was able to get a nice view of the Triumphal Arch which was designed to give King Phillip II a royal welcome, but he arrived too soon and it was never completed.  Oh well.


back inside the undisturbed mosque


in the middle of this vast mosque is an imposing Cathedral jutting upwards; this was added in the 1500s

Although I didn't inundate you with photos, we all really liked the uniqueness of the Mezquita. 
 
We took a walk across the bridge and visited the very skipable Museum of Al-Andalus Life but did get this nice view back.


A quick rest in front of the Alcázar before heading to lunch.  We did not go in.


More walking after lunch.  Alongside the old city walls here.


 interesting door knocker


 Alex taking a rest in a courtyard while Kuk looked in some shops.

We enjoyed the Mezquita, had a nice lunch and enjoyed the parks so we were glad to have made the trip to Córdoba for the day.  The city itself didn't grab me like Sevilla so I'm glad we didn't stay over night.  It also had a bit of a funk by the river.  Overall it was a little grittier, at least the parts we saw.

Friday

Last day in Sevilla.  Fortunately, we had a few more sites on our list.  We probably could have squeezed it down a day but it was nice to talk things leisurely on this trip.


The first order of the day was to visit the bullring.  It's the offseason but they still give guided tours (the only way to see it) and it turned out to be really enjoyable.  Not sure I'd want to attend the event, particularly with the family, but this tour was a nice cultural lesson.

Second oldest bullring in Spain (next to Málaga) and holds 12,000+.  I think the season is April to October and they have multiple events per week.

Royal box or perhaps just the VIP box.


 kid shot

 
our trusty guide -- loved the traditional outfit.  Very good bilingual tour and great disposition.
 
We learned about the different styles over the years (on horseback, in the ring but not so close, and the modern style of dancing with the bull).  There are different phases to the fight that I won't go into (refer here).  In the vast majority of the cases, the bull loses (dies).  I think there have been 2 instances in Sevilla where it did not.

 
 a final shot inside the stadium corridors
 
Next up was the Hospital de la Caridad -- the Charity Hospital founded in the 17th century.  Here we are inside the courtyard.
 
 another courtyard shot

 
 some death is going to get us all art inside the church
 
I did like the thematic element of the artwork inside.  Most were related to being charitable which was a reminder for the monks (?) running the hospital.

 another example -- this is the freeing of St. Peter

Sevilla was probably our favorite stop and we were glad we gave it the longest time.  It had a very safe and comfortable feel to it.  We stayed in an apartment in the Barrio Santa Cruz (old Jewish quarter) and it was an excellent location.  Easy to get to the sites and there were numerous dining options (tapas, etc.).

For our last 2 nights, we headed back to . . . 

Málaga

Saturday

Given our early/mid afternoon arrival, we decided to just have a walk about on the first day.

really enjoyed the Paseo Parque near the wonderfront -- so many exotic trees and plants


 Birds of Paradise -- one of our favorites

Sunday

New city, so it is time for another walking tour.  We chose welovemalag
          Deputy Ambassador MDIA Graduation        

The EUCLID Secretariat is pleased to announce that Mr. Omari Williams, Deputy Ambassador of St Vincent and the Grenadines to the United States and OAS, received his MDIA degree from the hands of Ambassador Juan C. Avila (of the Dominican Republic to the United Nations)

The post Deputy Ambassador MDIA Graduation appeared first on EUCLID (Euclid University) - Official Mobile site.


          21 Days of Beauty        

21 Days of Beauty

Happy Monday!! This time tomorrow I will be on a flight to the Dominican Republic where I will be for nine days!! I am so excited to be getting away with my older sister :). She is an amazing photographer…


          Un paseo por Midtown Atlanta        
El sábado pasado tomamos un largo paseo por Midtown. Y cuando digo largo... lo dije en serio! Caminamos por "casi" tres horas con pequeños descansos que mis hijas hacían cuando veíamos un banco debajo de un árbol.  
¡Yo estaba concentrada en busca de cosas interesantes en la ciudad! ( Pero siempre, al pendiente de mis pequeñas).
Iniciamos nuestro recorrido con unas botellas de agua para no deshidratarnos.
Aunque el clima no estaba muy caliente, el agua era necesaria de todos modos.  
Vimos cosas inusuales, personas graciosas que pasaban por nuestro camino y también regalamos sonrisas para aquellos que nos regalaban una. Siempre es agradable ver gente ser amable en la ciudad, personas que con una mirada nos transmiten energía positiva y eso me hace sentir, ¡muy bien! 





Midtown Atlanta

Midtown es el segundo distrito comercial más grande de la ciudad de Atlanta, situado entre los distritos comerciales y financieros de Downtown al sur y Buckhead al norte. Midtown tiene una población residente  de 41.681, una población laboral de 81.418, y una población estudiantil de 26.500. El distrito atrae alrededor de seis millones de visitantes al año. 

Midtown está marcado por sus atracciones culturales, instituciones de educación superior, arquitectura notable, y la distribución urbana. El distrito es el centro de la escena artística de la ciudad que incluye el Centro Ferst para las Artes, el Teatro Fox, el Centro de Artes Woodruff, el Alto Museo de Arte, el Museo de Diseño de Atlanta, la Orquesta Sinfónica de Atlanta, el Centro de Artes Títeres y El 14th Street Playhouse. Midtown es también el hogar de tres instituciones bien conocidas de la educación superior: Instituto de Tecnología de Georgia, John Marshall Law School, y la división de Atlanta de Savannah College of Art and Design (SCAD). Midtown contiene cerca de un tercio de los edificios altos de la ciudad y algunos de los edificios más emblemáticos de Atlanta, como el Bank of America Plaza, el AT & T Midtown Centre, el One Coca-Cola Plaza, el Atlantic Center y el 1180 Peachtree. Midtown también ha sido un área primaria para el desarrollo de alta densidad en la ciudad en la primera década de los años 2000 debido a las opciones de transporte público del distrito y la red de calles urbana. 


Arte y Cultura

Midtown es conocido por muchos residentes como "Heart of the Arts" de Atlanta. Es el hogar del Ferst Center for Arts, el Fox Theatre, el Woodruff Arts Centre, el Jardín Botánico de Atlanta, el Richard Meier- y Renzo Piano-diseñado High Museum of Art, así como el Atlanta Ballet, la Orquesta Sinfónica de Atlanta, el Centro Para artes de la marioneta, y otros lugares de las artes y de la hospitalidad. Recientemente, se han ampliado el Woodruff Arts Centre y su campus. Futuras adiciones incluirán un nuevo Atlanta Symphony Center. El Alto ha colaborado con los principales museos de arte para albergar colecciones temporales de obras maestras, especialmente el Louvre y el Museo Metropolitano de Arte. Al otro lado de la calle de la Alta es el Museo de Diseño de Atlanta (MODA), el único museo en el Sureste dedicado exclusivamente al estudio y la celebración de todas las cosas de diseño. Midtown es también el hogar del campus de Atlanta de Savannah College de Arte y Diseño, que se encuentra en los edificios históricos de todo el distrito.MODA (Museo de Diseño de Atlanta) se encuentra en Peachtree Street
Midtown Piedmont Park es un lugar popular para los festivales culturales en Atlanta. Cada primavera, cuando los dogwoods nativos están en la floración en el parque de Piedmont, es el Festival del Dogwood de Atlanta, una feria de las artes y de los artes. Piedmont Park es también la línea de meta de la Peachtree Road Race, que se celebra anualmente el Día de la Independencia. Como punto de partida para la comunidad de artes de Atlanta, Midtown es el hogar del Festival de Artes de Atlanta anual, que trae artistas de todo el país a Piedmont Park. El Parque Piedmont es también el hogar del festival multicultural más grande del Sureste, el Festival Peachtree Latino, que celebra la cultura hispanoamericana con artesanías, actividades familiares, eventos deportivos, desfile, demostraciones de baile, comidas étnicas y un escenario de música en vivo con música internacional Artistas de México, Puerto Rico, Colombia, Venezuela y República Dominicana. Midtown es también el hogar del festival de música más importante de Atlanta, Music Midtown, que se revivió en 2011 después de un hiato de cinco años. En la esquina de 8th Street y Spring Street, cerca de la estación Midtown MARTA, Midtown también alberga el Peachtree Music Festival, un festival de música de un día y dos etapas que mezcla bandas de rock indie con DJs electrónicos. En el otoño, el festival Atlanta Pride atrae a la comunidad local y regional LGBT.





          ITF Sounds Alarm Over Dominican Republic ATC Crisis Risk        

New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman announced the filing of a multimillion-dollar lawsuit alleging that United Parcel Service, Inc. unlawfully shipped over 136 million contraband cigarettes or nearly


          Paul Edward Kennedy Mullan        

Paul Edward Kennedy Mullan

 

January 1979 - February 27, 2013

Paul Mullan was my friend. 
I miss him terribly.
He lost a decade plus battle with brain cancer... but, let me tell you, he fought hard and never gave up.



Paul and his parents and O'Sea in 2011

What can I share about my friend????

He had an interesting life... from birth to death.

He had a brilliant and quick mind.

He dealt with pain with a grace I didn't know existed.

He was a patriot and a conservative... he loved politics!

He was kind to his friends. He was loyal to his friends.

He was a photographer... a quite good one.

He loved surfing.

He loved Ocean City, Maryland.

He loved being part of the beach patrol there.

He loved his home state of Maryland.

He loved his prep school, Gilman.

He loved his college, Catholic University of America.

He loved his church.

He loved his parents.

He loved his dog, O'Sea.

His life was derailed by cancer, but he kept going as best he could, and better than most do with health.



Paul E.K. Mullan, 34,
photographer who was chronicled as infant found in Towson

As a baby found wrapped in blanket, he was dubbed 'Joe Towson'

  • Paul Mullan
         Paul Mullan (Baltimore Sun )
March 03, 2013|By Jacques Kelly, The Baltimore Sun

 
Paul Edward Kennedy Mullan, a photographer who made headlines as a foundling discovered in a Towson apartment vestibule, died of a brain tumor Feb. 27 at his parents' North Baltimore home. He was 34.

The story of his first days filled news columns in January 1979. The Sun reported he was discovered near the vestibule mailboxes of a Towson garden apartment near Towson University. Days old, he was wrapped in a plaid blanket and dressed in a J.C. Penney shirt and a diaper held together with Scotch tape.
Baltimore County police officers took the infant to nearby St. Joseph Medical Center, where he was informally named Joseph Francis Towson, or Joe Towson.

"Joseph is the star attraction of the nursing station in the pediatrics ward ... where the nurses think he is beautiful," a Sun story said.

Months later, the baby was again making news stories. He became the subject of an adoption conflict, part of which was jurisdictional. Dr. Paul A. Mullan, a St. Joseph staff member and a pediatrician who cared for the infant after he was found, and his wife, Carol, a school teacher, had no children of their own and sought to adopt him.

The Mullans then lived in the 3900 block of N. Charles St. in the city, several miles from the Baltimore County line.

Judge John N. Maguire held a two-day hearing and by July 1979, the baby became the couple's legally adopted son.

The baby was diagnosed with a congenital heart ailment that required open-heart surgery later performed by Dr. Bruce Reitz, then of Johns Hopkins Hospital.

Mr. Mullan was enrolled at the Gilman School, where he graduated in 1997.

"He brought nothing but joy," said Gilman's headmaster, John E. Schmick, who had been his faculty adviser. "He was always on the sidelines, cheering. He was a real positive member of his class."

Mr. Mullan spent three years in the architecture program at the Catholic University of America, but left after he was diagnosed with a brain tumor and underwent surgeries.

On his website, Mr. Mullan discussed his decision to leave architecture. "My memory was too impacted by my surgeries and other treatments. That brought me back to my photography," he said in his essay.
"I started my photography in the 6th grade. I was the photo editor for both the yearbook and newspaper while attending high school. ... When my junior and senior years came I had to develop Independent Studies in photography," he said in the website. "Spending every summer on the Eastern Shore of Maryland I wanted to capture the sights found from the Chesapeake Bay to the Atlantic Ocean."

He also said that he devoted months to doing fine art photographic essays. "Photographs cannot have smells, tastes, texture, or sounds, but I try to involve all the senses in each photograph by capturing enough to have the viewer associate the image with the actual subject," he wrote. "By working hard to capture the image in perfection, that image can create the feeling of being there by your imagination or a quick day-dream."
He took photos of the stained glass windows in the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen, where he was a member and he and his father were ushers. He also photographed the Isle of Wight, Assateague Seashore Park and the Dominican Republic.

He also spent time in Ocean City, Maryland, where he assisted lifeguards patrolling the surfers' beach.

Ginny Milanicz, a family friend from Fallston, said, "He was a happy, energetic person who did a lot of work for other recovering cancer patients."

A funeral Mass will be held at 11 a.m. Monday at the Cathedral of Mary Our Queen, 5200 N. Charles St.
Survivors include his parents.
Baltimore Sun


MULLAN , Paul E. On February 27, 2013, Paul E. Kennedy Mullan , beloved son of Dr. Paul A. and Carol A. (nee Kennedy ) Mullan. Also survived by many friends and family members. Paul will also be missed by his beloved dog O'Sea.
Friends may call at The Mitchell-Wiedefeld Funeral Home, 6500 York Road (at Overbrook) on Saturday from 5-7 PM and Sunday from 2-4 and 7-9 PM. A Mass of Christian Burial will be celebrated at the Cathedral Of Mary Our Queen on Monday at 11 AM. Interment will follow in St. Mary's (Govans) Cemetery. In lieu of flowers, contributions in Paul's name to Hopewell Cancer Support, P.O. Box 755, Brooklandville, MD 21022
Published in Baltimore Sun on March 2, 2013


          $90,000 Dye Hard Cup to kick off in Casa de Campo in the Dominican Republic        
One of the most extensive and exclusive golf resorts in the Caribbean, Casa de Campo in the Dominican Republic, is inviting you to play 90 holes of golf designed by Pete Dye including the highly touted “Teeth of the Dog." The nonstop action takes pl…
           Estructura superficial y procesos activos en el margen submarino del norte de La Española (República Dominicana): Resultados preliminares Shallower structure and active process in the northern Hispaniola offshore margin (Dominican Republic): Preliminary results         
Rodríguez Zurrunero, Álvaro y Granja Bruña, José Luis y Muñoz Martín, Alfonso y Carbó Gorosabel, Andrés y Gómez de la Peña, Laura y Gómez Ballesteros, María y Gorosabel Araus, J.M. y Pazos, Antonio y Catalán, M. y Druet Vélez, María y Llanes Estrada, Pilar (2016) Estructura superficial y procesos activos en el margen submarino del norte de La Española (República Dominicana): Resultados preliminares. Geo-Temas, 16 (2). pp. 295-298. ISSN 1567-5172
           Nueva interpretación del relleno sedimentario de la Cuenca de San Pedro (Offshore de la República Dominicana) en base a nuevos datos sísmicos New interpretation of the sedimentary infill of the San Pedro basin based on new seismic data (Dominican Republic offshore)         
Gorosabel Araus, J.M. y Granja Bruña, José Luis y Carbó Gorosabel, Andrés y Gómez de la Peña, Laura y Rodríguez Zurrunero, Álvaro y Muñoz Martín, Alfonso y Pazos, Antonio y Gómez Ballesteros, María y Druet Vélez, María y Llanes Estrada, Pilar (2016) Nueva interpretación del relleno sedimentario de la Cuenca de San Pedro (Offshore de la República Dominicana) en base a nuevos datos sísmicos. Geo-Temas, 16 (2). pp. 300-303. ISSN 1567-5172
          RR 315 Offshoring and Latin American Developers with David Hemmat        

Offshoring and Latin American Developers - David Hemmat


For this episode of Ruby Rogues we have Jason Sweat and Brian Hogan for our panel along with Charles Max Wood and a special guest, David Hemmat from BlueCoding.com. David and the Blue Coding team work to connect developer talent to businesses in need through a thorough process of vetting as well as a database collection of potential developers. Check out this episode to learn more!

How did you get started?

1:34

David talks about going to school in the Dominican Republic worked locally, but later found work with US companies. He also set up a friend with a US job and they realized that there may be a demand as someone to bridge the gap. Developers did not have the access or a way to reach opportunities aboard so he started BlueCoding.com.

About Blue Coding

2:32

BlueCoding.com has clients in the US and Canada. They focus on Latin America due to having close timezones in relation to the majority of companies that would be looking for developers. Also, Blue Coding helps in regard to bridging the cultural gap. Latin American work culture can be different that US or Canadian culture. David talks about how it’s much of a communication difference. Developers sometimes will agree to jobs they are unable to do and are timid to communicate and often just disappear. Despite this, many Latin American companies spawned from United States companies and will tend to have a similar working environment and culture as US companies.

The General Experience With Offshore Hiring

4:17

David and the panel chat about their offshore hiring experiences. David expresses that there is sometimes an issue of many developers taking on work, and then seemingly disappearing. Often times coming back with excuses or in some cases actually over committing to work and just failing to communicate properly from the start. In some cases, like with countries like Venezuela, has a less reliable environment for the developers with things like power outages.

“Not All Good Developers Are Good Freelancers.”

6:18

Freelancers tend to need a different skillset. Extra communication and need tools in place like time tracking and daily reports , etc. Companies that hire freelancers or offshore hiring in general need to have tools setup as well. David expresses that the best developers often are the ones that already have full time jobs. Blue Coding tries to help those developers find a better opportunity and has structured systems to create a workflow that works for both parties. David talks about having those tools in place for the developer including the time tracking and daily reports.

The Companies Tools.

8:33

Blue Coding will also check with the client companies to make sure they have tools as well to help both parties have a smooth workflow. Project management software for the developer to see what they should work on next.

Rates

9:04

Rates vary between $30 and $45 an hour. David tries to stay away from junior developers, looking for developers with 3–4 years working experience. Some companies pay $30 to $60. Latin American countries generally see a starting rate of $30 an hour. Asian countries can start as low as $10 an hour, but in rare cases. Some developers on the opposite side of things charge $100 an hour.

Getting Offshore Developers

10:47

Most people start with upwork.com or Freelancer.com or something like that. Lower overhead but very limited vetting. Buyout fees are very high as well on these sites. There are companies similar to Blue Coding that are staffing companies that exist. Also, direct networking. Networking directly is extremely efficient. If you have a bad work history, networking also comes into play. David talks about their biggest source for developers are other developers, reaching out to find good hires by networking through the community.

Dealing with ‘Boom and Bust.’

14:19

Freelancers tend to run into boom and bust cycles, loads of work followed by slow spells. David tries to avoid this by hiring carefully and picking clients carefully. Looking for long term projects, either be a continuous flow of projects or one large projects. With this focus on long term relationship building, BlueCoding is able to have much lower rates. Other companies usually don’t have safety from downtime, offering internal work to make up for it.

Finding Companies that Hire Offshore

16:08

Most countries have job boards to help. Also, technology specific job boards. But it’s hard to compete there. US companies won’t hire offshore developers for the same rates and the same skills. You have to be really good. David pushes developers to have plenty of experience.

How to Get Noticed?

17:46

Companies can be prejudice, but isn’t seen too often. Becoming a top level talent is key. Being average is harder. As an average or novice in an area with no community, finding online communities, Facebook groups, LinkedIn communities, working on open source projects, and going to events can help.

Working remotely and being good at it [22:02]
It’s a two part effort. Companies can have tools to make things easier, but as a developer, you can request them. Communicate all online. All of the office talk should be online via Slack or some other documented system. Code reviews and Peer programming helps remote developers feel like a part of the team.

Onshoring vs Offshoring

24:28

Some companies are hiring remote developers from the US. Why would someone want to hire from outside the country? Ultimately it comes down to finding a developer that fits in with what a company needs as well as matches the budget. Cost of living can change the rates for developers as well as where the company is located. David expresses that he wants to find really good developers, even if it means reaching out to Brazil or other parts of Latin America.

Medical, Taxes, and Benefits

24:43

Each country has different laws. For example Dominican Republic has a law that states if you contract someone for over 3 months, they are considered employees and require benefits. Some countries allow Freelancers to work long term. Health care varies between companies.

The Finical and Risks.

32:14

Freelancers and hourly workers tend to have less working time, spending some time each day to chase down work as well as managing time. Developers in general should notice that projects in general can have budget cuts and even end prematurely. In general a developer working as an employee will need to account for the benefits and extras thrown in when considering their rates.

The Companies

34:02

What kind of companies are looking for this as a solution to their staffing problem? Most companies are smaller companies, 1 to 20 employees with a lot of long term development work. Generally three sectors, non tech companies that need tech work, digital agencies, and tech startups or established companies that already have a software product that needs to be maintained.

How to find the Companies?

36:30

It’s a work in progress. References are vital, David talks about how vetting for developers ends with a very happy client that gives references. Also they spend a lot of time networking, conferences, meeting people online as well as cold calling. David mentions that it’s hard to express the quality of their service through email.

Getting Started with Blue Coding?

37:22

For Developers

Go to BlueCoding.com and find the link that says “join the team if you’re a developer” and you can connect that way. Just reach out to them and they will set up a conversation with you and see if there is a good fit. Then once a project comes in they will set you up with the vetting process.

For Companies

BlueCoding will want to set up a call with you. Reach out to them and setup a call. They will work through if you need a developer and what that developer looks like in regard to technical skills, personal skills, and general ability.

Then the developers and clients have a meeting to make sure everyone is comfortable. Being comfortable is the most important part for this connection to end in a long term relationship.


Picks

Jason

Samsungnite Columbian Leather Flat Over The Top Laptop Bag

Brian

New MacBook with Touch bar

Charles

My Ruby Story Podcasts
Online Summit Format
Ruby Dev Summit
Ruby Rogues Parlay on Slack

David

Micro Conf.
Macbook Air
One Minute Manager


Links to Keep up with David

His Medium
BlueCoding.com
Email him


          TruPulse® Laser Mapping System Helps Design Dominican Republic Medical Clinic        

Laser Technology, Inc. recently donated a TruAngle mapping accessory to help Engineering Ministries International, a U.S.-based nonprofit Christian ministry that develops facilities serving the poor in developing countries. Most recently, the TruAngle was used to help design a much-needed medical clinic serving a small community lacking such services in the Dominican Republic.

(PRWeb February 07, 2017)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2017/02/prweb14031206.htm


          Quelle Différence?        

Before Alfred Kinsey took up human sexuality, he studied wasps--thousands and thousands of them, whose bodies he minutely examined. Yet when asked what he could say about The Wasp, he replied that he hadn't really seen enough specimens to generalize.

Such is the study of living things. It isn't physics. It doesn't offer eternal laws, true everywhere in the universe. Sure, there are rules ("if you can't stand algebra," says theorist John Maynard Smith, "stay away from evolutionary biology"), but their status is more like a weather forecast than the Voice of Eternal Truth. If you meet a scientist who believes in creationism or the existence of God, odds are he or she is a physicist. Plants and animals manifest themselves in trends, probabilities, continua. Saying "chimpanzees do this" is qualitatively different from saying "quarks do this." The quarks obey, now and forever. The next chimp up could surprise you.

Part of biology's charm is this way it has of humbling us with things at once unimaginable yet beautifully alive. It's a charm at odds with the cartoon version of life in which American politics traffics. Consider the main point of the "Defense of Marriage Act" passed recently in the House--that marriage represents the "legal union between one man and one woman." The Defense of Marriage Act is expected to clear the Senate if it reaches a vote there, and President Clinton has said he'll sign it. Similar clauses are already on the books in the 15 states that ban same-sex marriage, and are in bills introduced in 21 others. The act is grounded in the notion that there is a fixed and natural order to matters sexual, in which there is but male and female. The problem with that is the inherently fuzzy nature of Nature, to which gender is no exception. In fact, the biological line between male and female is so blurry that should the Defense of Marriage Act ever go to court, the definitions of "male" and "female" that might result could wind up invalidating the marriages of millions of nongay congressional constituents.

The making of the sexual body in the womb is a complicated, many-stepped affair, in which there are many possible outcomes. This is true even at the level of the sex chromosomes. Most people have 23 pairs of chromosomes, all shaped like Xs, except for one lone Y chromosome in pair 23 if you're male (Y is the gene with the instructions for making a boy). The XX pair of a typical female is what International Olympic Committee is testing for when it tries to weed out the supposed transvestites from the actual girls. But some girls are born with only one X chromosome instead of the crucial pair. Others have an XY pair, but the male-making gene on the Y doesn't succeed in being heard, either because it's defective or because another gene has failed to make the necessary receptors. Before the 1992 Olympics, a study in the British Journal of SportsMedicine concluded that about one in 500 female athletes flunks the gender test. Some of these women might have arrived at the games knowing they were different--one genetic anomaly, for instance, can lead a baby to develop as a female, but without ovaries and a uterus--but others probably had no idea that they were unusual, and slunk away from the stadium shocked and traumatized.

Not that all chromosomal oddities yield females, either. About one in 500 males would also fail a gender test. A man with Klinefelter's syndrome, for example, inherits not one, but two X's from a parent, as well as the necessary Y from his father. He thus has a chromosome "pair" that reads XXY. Aside from small, firm testicles and infertility, Klinefelter's syndrome doesn't mark someone who has it as ambiguous. He looks male--especially if he's been taking testosterone from puberty onward, as medical doctrine recommends.

The International Olympic Committee stubbornly continues to screen for gender, but the International Amateur Athletic Foundation, which manages many non-Olympic competitions, abandoned the procedure six years ago, after a medical panel concluded that the only fair way to establish gender is with a thorough physical. So fine, you say. Genetic testing won't be the basis for our great republic's defense of marriage. A plain old physical will do. That should cover genetic exceptions and take in transsexuals as well--except, perhaps, for the many partial transsexuals who live as women, take female hormones, may or may not have breasts but do have a penis, rather like the character in TheCryingGame. Is such a person a man or a woman, Your Honor?

Actually, in the majority of cases, a physical exam for sex characteristics--intrusive and humiliating though it would be--probably would answer the question. But that is not because all babies are born with clearly distinguishable genitalia. What in most fetuses turns either into a penis and scrotum or a clitoris and labia can also develop into something in between. And while most babies are born with either ovaries or testicles, some are born with both, or one of each. Many cultures have categories for such in-between people; in India, for instance, they're called hijras, dress as women, and are expected to have sex with men.

In America, however, medical doctrine for the past 40 years has dictated that babies born with ambiguous sex organs be surgically corrected. Estimates on the percentage of babies born with some sort of sexual ambiguity range from 1 percent to 4 percent (that's some 3 million to 10 million people, notes William O. Beeman, an anthropologist at Brown University). It's a sufficiently common occurrence in hospitals that at least one training video exists showing doctors how to make an intersexual baby into a proper girl--one whose vagina can accommodate her future partner's penis. It's also common enough that different medical subprofessions have evolved different responses. "Pediatric urologists make boys," says Cheryl Chase, founder and head of the Intersex Society of North America. "Gynecologists and endocrinologists make girls. Of course there tend to be more girls made, 'cause surgeons say 'it's easier to dig a hole than build a pole.' " She estimates there are some 2,000 operations on American intersexual children a year.

Chase herself was born with ambiguous genitalia, and was designated male until she was surgically made female at the age of one and a half. The procedure included the removal of her too-large clitoris. As you might expect, one of the ISNA's top priorities is persuading parents of intersexual kids to ignore the advice of doctors and let the child grow up with the genitals with which it was born. At least then, says Chase, a decision about surgery could be made by the patient.

N >ot all such operations are performed on babies, though. One form of intersexuality results from a lack of the hormone needed for male traits at birth, so that the child seems female. At puberty, though, testosterone kicks in, and the "girl" finds herself with descended testicles, a large, penislike clitoris, and other male traits. Chase says she was recently contacted by a woman who, after she started to change, was told at the age of 12 that she had cancer and that her ovaries needed to be removed. What really happened during the operation was the removal of her clitoris and her newly activated testicles.

Once again, other societies are more sophisticated about this than we are. In the Dominican Republic, a girl whose genitals change late is called a guevedoche--"penis at 12." Among the Sambia of Papua New Guinea, she (he) is a kwol-aatmo: "Female thing turning into male." Among the Americans, though, there is a very small number of terms to cover a vast array of gender ambiguities. Instead, we have the knife and the law. Like the medieval villagers who tried and hanged a cock because it laid an egg, Americans think they can trim or legislate away the polymorphous obstinacy of nature. They're wrong. There's the cock, and there's the egg. Plain as the genitalia under your belly button, if you have eyes to see.


          C.H.I. Overhead Doors, Leading Manufacturer of Garage Doors, Hosts Annual Distributor Meeting        

C.H.I. recently held the annual Distributor Meeting in Springfield, Illinois. Over 300 garage door distributors attended the meeting from the U.S., Canada, Puerto Rico and Dominican Republic.

(PRWeb March 30, 2015)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2015/03/prweb12613693.htm


          BWW REVIEW: IN THE HEIGHTS Exudes Hot Caribbean Flair        

Flags of the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Cuba, and Mexico adorn the balconies and railings of the barrio in Lin-Manuel Miranda's 2008 musical In The Heights. The show, which won the Tony that year for Best Musical, brings a Hispanic flair to the Benedum stage through the accents, language, and styles of dances, uncommonly seen by a Pittsburgh audience as part of the Pittsburgh CLO's 2017 summer season.

The story follows multiple smaller plot lines; Usnavi (Joshua Grosso) attempting to keep his convenience store open and impress Vanessa (Stephanie Klemons), Kevin and Camila Rosario (Rick Negron and Blanca Camacho) struggling to operate their limousine business while paying for their daughter Nina's (Genny Lis Padilla) tuition, and a city block wondering who bought the $96,000 winning lottery ticket.

The stage represents one street in Washington Heights, New York City, but the design seeks simplicity in the subtleties. As the action unfolds at the corner store, hair salon, or even in the dining room, only a desk or chairs are brought out to signify the change in scene. This is especially well executed when a club scene uses a lighting change to transport audiences into the vibrant young nightlife.

Dancing is hot, hot, hot, not only in the nightclub, but also on the streets throughout the show. The Latin hip-hop and modern styles take center stage and keep the energy chaotically up for the entire show. Grace and prim are replaced with sharp arm choreography, body rolls, and spins that made me dizzy!

Hip hop-inspired language is also carried over to the music, which has Caribbean rhythms and combines quick to-the-tongue rap with more classic Broadway archetypes. A mix of English and Spanish, but mostly English, is used throughout the dialogue and lyrics, which helps to create a more realistic Heights experience. It's no wonder this groundbreaking show won the Tony almost a decade ago.

The female leads undoubtedly carry the show. Vanessa, Nina, and Abuela Claudia (Patricia Phillips) each have powerful voices of their own merit. The younger two, Ms. Klemons and Ms. Lis Padilla nail many of the ballads and belts, accentuating the Miranda's score. A little bit unexpected from her initial moments on stage, the humble Ms. Phillips delivers a powerful performance of "Paciencia Y Fe" that makes you instantly fall in love with her, as if you weren't already in love with the adorable grandma of the block.

In addition to some weaker vocals on the male side, there also runs the risk of a language barrier in the show. With some high school Spanish under your belt, you should be able to understand most of the dialogue that occurs on stage, but lacking this education could make some jokes a little inaccessible, but not damage the plot as a whole.

Even if the entire show were conceived and written in Spanish and you could understand none of the language, there would still be beauty in the work of Miranda. In the Heights brings diversity to the summer season at the Pittsburgh CLO and provides an immersive experience with the staging at the Benedum. Cool off with this hot classic for the rest of the week only!

To see or not to see score: 7/9; Recommended Show

Photo Credit: Archie Carpenter


          Vela Minerals Completes Initial Surface Exploration Program at Mavis Bank Jamaica        
Vancouver, B.C., Canada, June 26 2013 – Vela Minerals Ltd. (TSX-V: VLA) (the “Company”)   is pleased to announce the results of a recent exploration program on its Mavis Bank  special exclusive prospecting License (SEPL) in Jamaica.  The ground exploration program consisted of geological mapping, collection of 501 soil samples on two grids, 84 regional stream samples, and 143 rock samples.  Soil grids for both Mavis Bank and Epping were established in order to determine the distribution of base, precious, and pathfinder elements.  Mavis Bank Soil Grid: Sampling results on the Mavis Bank grid feature gold in soil anomalies on the northwest portion which correlate directly with strong copper soil anomalies.  Additionally, two soil samples taken in the south portion of the Mavis Bank soil grid area returned 1420 and 1480 ppb Au along with 11.3 and 12.1 ppm Ag, and 6020 and 6200 ppm As respectively.  This Au-Ag-As soil anomaly coincides with the location of a geophysical survey residual gravity anomaly that is adjacent to several Pulse-EM geophysical survey conductors that have been interpreted to dip to the west towards the Au-Ag-As soil anomaly.  The Au-Ag-As soil anomaly occurs adjacent to a northeast trending creek gully and appears to be structurally related.   Epping Soil Grid: The Epping grid returned highly anomalous values of 380 to 2010 ppm copper in soils coincident with anomalous gold values of 10 to 166 ppb Au in four different north-northwest trending lineaments.  These zones of structural weakness roughly coincide with major fault zones characterized by widespread and locally intense argillic alteration, silicification, chlorite, and carbonate alteration.  Although the general trend of mineralization is north-northwest, there is an east-northeast component to the local fabric, which is reflected in the local east-northeast trend of creek gullies where the highest copper in soil anomalies occur (14 soil samples ranging from 338-922 ppm Cu.  Mavis Bank Rock Samples: Copper is highly anomalous in the Mavis Bank area with most samples returning between 429 ppm Cu and 9150 ppm Cu.  Thirteen samples returned high-grade copper values of 1.46% – 12.5%.  Rock sample number 931383 contains 5.28% Cu, 48.6 g/t Ag, 179 ppb Au, 1900 ppm Co, and 5870 ppm As.  The high copper values obtained from the area are due to the presence of chalcopyrite and/or malachite, with lesser amounts of chalcocite and/or azurite, and trace amounts of bornite mineralization associated with iron oxide and sulphides (pyrite, magnetite, hematite and specularite). Gold values range from 10 ppb to 301 ppb Au and correlate with high copper values. Silver values range from trace to 48.6 g/t and correlate with high cooper and gold values.   Epping Rock Samples: Of the sixty-four samples taken in this area, thirty-three samples returned between 585 ppm and 8550 ppm Cu, and ten samples returned high-grade copper values of 1.52% – 13.7%.  Six of these samples are located in the southwest portion of the grid area and correlate with anomalous gold values of up to 733 ppb Au, and silver values of up to 9.42 ppm..  Anomalous silver values are associated with malachite, chalcocite, chalcopyrite, and bornite mineralization.   Barbeque River: Limited sampling was performed in a 300 X 500 meter area elongated east-west in the Phillip’s Gully Area. Of the 21 samples taken, eight samples graded between 1.14% – 3.15% Cu with a strong correlation between copper, silver (up to 6.66 ppm), and arsenic (up to 1770 ppb).  Mavis Bank Regional Setting: The Mavis Bank Area possesses similarities to the Pueblo Viejo area of the Dominican Republic (approx. 25m oz/Au). Structurally complex overprinting of intrusion related hydrothermal mineralization superimposed on sedimentary and volcanic host rock with widespread alteration is present, and the widespread occurrence of Fe-oxides (magnetite-hematite) associated with Cu-Ag-Au bearing mineralization suggests potential for Pueblo Viejo style epithermal precious-base metal deposits. Technical information in this news release has been reviewed by Derrick Strickland P.Geo., a qualified person as defined in NI 43-101. ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS “Derrick Strickland P.Geo.” President For further information please contact: Telephone: 604.773.0992 Email: info@velaminerals.com Suite 910 – 475 Howe Street, Vancouver, BC V6C 2B3, Tel 604.773.0992;   www.velaminerals.com Neither TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Information This press release contains certain forward-looking statementswithin the meaning of the Canadian securities laws, which are based on the opinions and estimates of management at the date the statements are made, and are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those projected. Forward-looking information in this press release includes statements about the potential existence and size of mineralization at the Epping Farm and Mavis Bank areas, geological interpretations and potential mineral recovery processes. Information concerning mineral reserve and resource estimates also may be deemed to be forward-looking information in that it reflects a prediction of the mineralization that would be encountered if a mineral deposit were developed and mined. In connection with the forward-looking information contained in this news release, the Company has made numerous assumptions, regarding, among other things: the geological, metallurgical, engineering, financial and economic advice that the Company has received is reliable, and is based upon practices and methodologies which are consistent with industry standards.  While the Company considers these assumptions to be reasonable, these assumptions are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies.  Additionally, there are known and unknown risk factors which could cause the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking information contained herein.  Known risk factors include, among others: the actual mineralization may not be as favorable as suggested, or at all; uncertainties relating to interpretation of drill results and the geology, continuity and grade of mineral deposits; and uncertainty as to timely availability of permits and other governmental approvals. Vela undertakes no obligation to update [...]
          Vela Minerals Acquires 100% Interest in Mavis Bank and Port Antonio Properties Jamaica        
Vancouver, B.C., Canada, June 6 2013 – Vela Minerals Ltd. (TSX-V: VLA) (the “Company”)  is pleased to announce it has acquired a 100% interest in Mavis Bank and Port Antonio Special Exclusive Prospecting Licenses (“SEPL”) in Jamaica, which total 126 square kilometres. The Port Antonio and Mavis Bank Properties (the “Property” or “Properties”) are subject to a 2% net smelter royalty (“NSR”). The major terms of the Agreement are: the Agreement supersedes the option agreement dated March 1, 2013 to acquire a 90% interest in the Mavis Bank property; the Company will have paid a total of $140,000US to the Vendor to acquire a 100% undivided interest in the Property; The NSR can be purchased at a rate of $1,000,000US per percent per Property. The Port Antonio Property covers several known prospects including the Bellevue (Au-Ag-Cu).  The concession area lies within the foothills of the Blue Mountains and covers parts of the catchments of Rio Grande and Back Rio Grande Rivers. A total of 4 historical geophysical IP lines, each approx. 1,500 meters in length resulted in the definition of a high chargeability and low resistivity anomaly with dimensions of about 1,500 meters width in the south-central portion of the Bellevue gossan. The area is hosted in Bellevue volcanics that are cut by granodiorite-diorite and Trowell Gate intrusive breccia.  Argillic alteration is characterized by strong bleaching of country rock accompanied by 3 – 8% limonite (goethite & jarosite), and hematite as a result of supergene meteoric water, oxidation, and chemical weathering.  This argillic altered gossan contains infilling and disseminated sericite, chlorite, and zeolite.  The bleached limonitic zone covers a 1,500 meter diameter, roughly circular shaped area.  Anomalous gold in bedrock samples occur peripheral to the limonite cap. High chargeability occurs approximately 100-200 meters below the low resistivity anomaly.  Historically, this geophysical response has been interpreted to represent a buried porphyry target with the overlying low resistivity blanket thought to represent a leached cap.  Historical airborne geophysics consisting of total field magnetometer surveys over the Bellevue occurrence show a positive anomaly in the area of the argillic altered gossan. The combined IP chargeability and magnetometer positive response supports the interpretation of a large buried hydrothermal system.  In 1993 Kennecott explored the area north of Swinging Gate Spring and discovered two occurrences that returned 2.59 g/t Au with 0.41% Cu, and 0.86 g/t Au with 0.12% Cu in rock chip sampling.  Historical assaying of a sample taken in 1955 by Chesterfield is reported to have yielded 1.87g/t gold, 185 g/t silver, and 14.13% copper. The Mavis Bank Property covers several known prospects including Epping Farm -Whitfield Hall (Cu-Ag-Au) and Mavis Bank (Cu-Ag-Au-Fe-Co) areas.The Epping Farm – Whitfield Hallgroup of mineral occurrences covers approximately 2 square kilometres (elongated north-south) and are hosted in Upper Cretaceous Blue Mountain and Main Ridge Group of sedimentary, volcanic, and ultramafic rocks.  Historical IP geophysics has defined two broad >250 meters wide high chargeability and coincident low resistivity anomalies. Historic soil sampling has outlined 3 areas of multi-element Cu-Au-Ag-As-Co-Zn-Pb-Ba-Mn geochemical anomalies. The 3 soil anomalies are approximately 100-200 meters wide, and are 400-800 meters long.  The 2 multi-element soil anomalies in the Epping Farm area are flanked to the east (about 50-200 meters distance) by a north-south trending nickel-chromium in soil anomaly, and approximately 250 meters further east, exists a lead-zinc-barium soil anomaly. The Mavis Bank area of mineral occurrences includes the Boxshaw Hill – Water Tank (Fe-Cu), Orchard Spring (Fe-Cu-Ag-Co), Tunbridge-Orchard Hill (Cu), and Dublin Castle (Cu) zones. At Boxshaw Hill – Water Tank mineralization includes magnetite, pyrite, specularite, azurite, bornite, chalcopyrite, and malachite occurring in a 368 x 760 meter area. Histroical drilling of 446 meters intersected variable chalcopyrite with highlights that include 0.61 meters at 4.31% Cu.  The Tunbridge-Orchard Hill-Cu zone features pyrite, bornite, chalcopyrite, chalcocite, and malachite mineralization.  A total of 70 meters of underground workings in 2 adits intersected vein/replacement zones of copper bearing mineralization that gave an average of 0.78% Cu over 40 meters from rock chip sampling. Sampling by MINEX in 1993 indicates gold values of 1g/t and silver in excess of 20g/t associated with strongly anomalous copper, cobalt, and arsenic values. The Pueblo Viejo district of Dominican Republic, which hosts approximately a 25 million ounce gold deposit, is a mining district that shares geological similarities to the Mavis Bank area. The structurally complex overprinting of Mesozoic country rock and Upper Cretaceous/Eocene hydrothermal mineralization events are superimposed on sediments and volcanics with quartz-magnetite alteration, and minor pyroxenite mafic rocks with magnetite alteration. The Mavis Bank area is adjacent to Eocene volcanic center, and is likely to be a higher level environment of deposition. Historical geological mapping of the Epping Farm-Whitfield Hall area indicates that mineralized zones are adjacent to a volcanic center of Cretaceous age. Technical information in this news release has been reviewed by Derrick Strickland P.Geo., a qualified person as defined in NI 43-101. ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS “Derrick Strickland P.Geo.” President For further information please contact: Telephone: 604.773.0992 Email: info@velaminerals.com Suite 910 – 475 Howe Street, Vancouver, BC V6C 2B3, Tel 604.773.0992;   www.velaminerals.com Neither TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Information This press release contains certain forward-looking statementswithin the meaning of the Canadian securities laws, which are based on the opinions and estimates of management at the date the statements are made, and are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those projected. Forward-looking information in this press release includes statements about the potential existence and size of mineralization at the Epping Farm and Mavis Bank areas, geological interpretations and potential mineral recovery processes. Information concerning mineral reserve and resource estimates also may be deemed to be forward-looking information in that it reflects a prediction of the mineralization that would be [...]
          Vela Minerals Initiates Work Program at Mavis Bank        
Vancouver, BC Canada, April 4, 2013 – Vela Minerals Ltd. (TSX-V: VLA) (the “Company”)is pleased to announce that crews have been mobilized and ground work has begun on the 63 square kilometre Mavis Bank Concession in Jamaica.  The exploration program will consist of geological mapping and soil and rock sampling over the Epping-Whitfield, and Mavis Bank Occurrencesin conjunction with a property wide stream sampling-prospecting programme.   Epping-Whitfield Cu-Au-Ag Occurrences This group of mineral occurrences covers approximately 1 X 2 kilometres (elongated north-south) and are hosted in the Upper Cretaceous Blue Mountain and Main Ridge Group of sedimentary, volcanic, and ultramafic rocks.  Historical IP geophysics from the Epping-Whitfield areas defined two broad >250 meter wide high-chargeability and coincident low resistivity anomalies.  Historic soil sampling performed in the Epping-Whitfield areas outlined 3 areas of multi-element Cu-Au-Ag-As-Co-Zn-Pb-Ba-Mn geochemical anomalies. The 3 soil anomalies are approximately 100-200 meters wide, and are 400-800 meters long.  The 2 multi-element soil anomalies in the Epping Farm area are flanked to the east (about 50-200 meters distance) by a north-south trending nickel-chromium in soil anomaly, and approximately 250 meters further east, exists a lead-zinc-barium soil anomaly  Alteration minerals present in the Epping-Whitfieldareas include secondary chlorite, calcite, quartz, ankerite, talc, pyrolusite, and sericite. The alteration minerals occur in variable amounts and are associated with mineralization that includes chalcopyrite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, bornite, chalcocite, malachite, and chalcocite.  Mavis Bank Cu-Au-Ag-Fe-Co Occurrences The Mavis Bank Area of mineral occurrences includes the Boxshaw Hill-Water Tank Zone, Orchard Spring Zone, Tunbridge-Orchard Hill Zone, and Dublin Castle Zone  The Boxshaw Hill-Water Tank Zone: includes magnetite, pyrite, specularite, azurite, bornite, chalcopyrite, and malachite occurring in a 400 x 800 meter area. A total of 446 meters of diamond drilling intersected variable chalcopyrite with highlights that include 0.61 meters at 4.31% Cu.  Orchard Spring Zone: includes magnetite, pyrite, specularite, azurite, bornite, chalcopyrite, chalcocite, erythrite, and malachite. A total of 203 meters of diamond drilling intersected several massive magnetite vein/replacement zones. Cobalt minerals and associated silver occur in limestone hosted replacement zones. Sampling by MINEX in 1993 indicates gold values of 3 g/t with 2% Cu, and associated silver, zinc, and cobalt.  Tunbridge-Orchard Hill Zone: includes pyrite, bornite, chalcopyrite, chalcocite, and malachite.  A total of 70 meters of underground workings in 2 adits intersected vein/replacement zones of copper bearing mineralization that gave an average of 0.78% Cu over 40 meters from rock chip sampling. Sampling by MINEX in 1993 indicates gold values of 1g/t and silver in excess of 20g/t  associated with strongly anomalous copper, cobalt, and arsenic values.  Dublin Castle Zone; includes two trenches approximately 700 feet apart that returned 2.74 m @ 3.14% Cu, 3.04 m  @ 2.46% Cu, and 3.65 m @ 4.14% Cu.  The Mavis Bank Orchard Spring area contains altered and mineralized intrusive rocks underlying a carbonate capping which are coincident with significant pulse-EM and residual gravity geophysical anomalies.  In addition, the proximity to the Mt. Rosana Eocene age volcanic center (about 0.7 km to the SE) supports the model for a satellite, deep-rooted sub-volcanic hydrothermal system. The proposed model for mineralization is similar to Pueblo Viejo, Dominican Republic.  Pueblo Viejo district, Dominican Republic, show that an extensive advanced argilliclithocap and contained giant Cretaceous to early Tertiary age high-sulfidation epithermal gold-silver deposit were emplaced beneath a thick limestone cover. About Vela Minerals Ltd. Vela Minerals Ltd. (VLA: TSX-V) is a mineral exploration company with a business strategy to identify, acquire, and explore high potential mineral projects ready for rapid advancement.  The Mavis Bank Project in Jamaica, which the Company has an option to ean up to a 100% interest, fits this strategy. Technical information in this news release has been reviewed by Derrick Strickland P.Geo., a qualified person as defined in NI 43-101. Neither TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS “Derrick StricklandP.Geo” President & Director    For further information please, visit the Company’s website, www.velaminerals.com, or contact: Derrick Strickland, President & Director Telephone: 604.773.0992 Email: info@velaminerals.com Suite 910 – 475 Howe Street, Vancouver, BC V6C 2B3, Tel 604.773.0992;    Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Information This press release contains certain forward-looking statementswithin the meaning of the Canadian securities laws, which are based on the opinions and estimates of management at the date the statements are made, and are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those projected. Forward-looking information in this press release includes statements about the potential existence and size of mineralization at the Epping Farm and Mavis Bank areas, geological interpretations and potential mineral recovery processes. Information concerning mineral reserve and resource estimates also may be deemed to be forward-looking information in that it reflects a prediction of the mineralization that would be encountered if a mineral deposit were developed and mined. In connection with the forward-looking information contained in this news release, the Company has made numerous assumptions, regarding, among other things: the geological, metallurgical, engineering, financial and economic advice that the Company has received is reliable, and is based upon practices and methodologies which are consistent with industry standards.  While the Company considers these assumptions to be reasonable, these assumptions are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies.  Additionally, there are known and unknown risk factors which could cause the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking information contained herein.  Known risk factors include, among others: the actual mineralization may not be as favorable as suggested, or at all;; uncertainties relating to interpretation of drill results and the geology, continuity and grade of mineral deposits; and uncertainty as to timely availability of permits and other governmental approvals. Vela undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements if circumstances or management’s estimates or opinions should change. The reader is cautioned [...]
          Vela Minerals Options Mavis Bank, Jamaica Gold Copper Project        
Vancouver, BC Canada, March 4, 2013 – Vela Minerals Ltd. (TSX-V: VLA) (the “Company”) is pleased to announce it has entered into an option agreement (the “Agreement”) to acquire Mavis Bank, a 63 square kilometer special exclusive prospecting license (SEPL) in Jamaica. The Agreement allows the Company to acquire a 90% interest in the Mavis Bank (SEPL 566) under the following conditions: cash payments of (i) $40,000 upon signing, (ii) $60,000 upon the first anniversary, (iii) $100,000 upon the second anniversary, along with a work commitment of $500,000 to be completed before the second anniversary date.  The Company has an option to purchase the remaining 10% for $250,000 after the initial 90% interest earn-in.  The property is subject to a 2% NSR which can be purchased for $1,000,000 per percent.  The SEPL covers several known prospects including Epping Farm -Whitfield Hall Au- Cu-Ag and Mavis Bank Au-Cu-Ag-Fe-Co. Epping Farm – Whitfield Hall Cu-Ag-Au Occurrences This group of mineral occurrences covers approximately 1 kilometre by 2 kilometres (elongated north-south) and are hosted in Upper Cretaceous Blue Mountain and Main Ridge Group of sedimentary, volcanic, and ultramafic rocks.  Historical IP geophysics on Epping Farm-Whitfield Hall areas defines two broad >250 meters wide high chargeability and coincident low resistivity anomalies. Historic soil sampling performed in the Epping Farm-Whitfield Hall areas outlined 3 areas of multi-element (Cu-Au-Ag-As-Co-Zn-Pb-Ba-Mn) geochemical anomalies. The 3 soil anomalies are approximately 100 to 200 meters in width, and 400 to 800 meters in length.  The 2 multi-element soil anomalies in the Epping Farm area are flanked to the east by a north-south trending nickel-chromium in soil anomaly, and also approximately 250 meters further east, exists a lead-zinc-barium soil anomaly. Alteration minerals present in the Epping Farm-Whitfield Hall areas include secondary chlorite, calcite, quartz, ankerite, talc, pyrolusite, and sericite. The alteration minerals occur in variable amounts and are associated with mineralization that includes chalcopyrite, pyrite, pyrrhotite, bornite, chalcocite, malachite, and chalcocite. Mavis Bank Cu-Ag-Au-Fe-Co Occurrences The Mavis Bank area of mineral occurrences includes the Boxshaw Hill, Water Tank, Orchard Spring, Tunbridge-Orchard Hill, and Dublin Castle anomalies. Boxshaw Hill, Water Tank Fe-Cu Zone: includes magnetite, pyrite, specularite, azurite, bornite, chalcopyrite, and malachite occurring in approximately a 400 x 750 meter area. Orchard Spring Fe-Cu-Ag-Co Zone: include magnetite, pyrite, specularite, azurite, bornite, chalcopyrite, chalcocite, erythrite, and malachite. Cobalt minerals and associated silver occur in limestone hosted replacement zones.  Sampling by MINEX in 1993 indicates gold values of 3 g/t with 2% Cu and associated silver, zinc, and cobalt. Tunbridge-Orchard Hill Cu Zone: includes pyrite, bornite, chalcopyrite, chalcocite, and malachite.  Rock Chip sampling of underground workings in two adits intersected vein/replacement zones of copper bearing mineralization that average 0.78% Cu over 40 meters. Sampling by MINEX in 1993 indicates gold values of 1 g/t and silver in excess of 20g/t  associated with strongly anomalous copper, cobalt, and arsenic values. Dublin Castle Zone includes two trenches approximately 200 metres apart returned 2.74 m @ 3.14% Cu, 3.04 m @ 2.46% Cu, and 3.65 m @ 4.14% Cu. The Pueblo Viejo district of Dominican Republic, which hosts approximately a 25 million ounce gold deposit, is a mining district that shares geological similarities to the Mavis Bank area. The structurally complex overprinting of Mesozoic country rock and Upper Cretaceous/Eocene hydrothermal mineralization events are superimposed on sediments and volcanics with quartz-magnetite alteration, and minor pyroxenite mafic rocks with magnetite alteration. The Mavis Bank area is adjacent to Eocene volcanic center, and is likely to be a higher level environment of deposition. Historical geological mapping of the Epping Farm-Whitfield Hall area indicates that mineralized zones are adjacent to a volcanic center of Cretaceous age. Technical information in this news release has been reviewed by Derrick Strickland P.Geo., a qualified person as defined in NI 43-101. Neither TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release. ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD OF DIRECTORS “Derrick Strickland P.Geo” President For further information please contact: Telephone: 604.773.0992 Email: info@velaminerals.com Suite 910 – 475 Howe Street, Vancouver, BC V6C 2B3, Tel 604.773.0992;   www.velaminerals.com Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Information This press release contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Canadian securities laws, which are based on the opinions and estimates of management at the date the statements are made, and are subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those projected. Forward-looking information in this press release includes statements about the potential existence and size of mineralization at the Epping Farm and Mavis Bank areas, geological interpretations and potential mineral recorvery processes. Information concerning mineral reserve and resource estimates also may be deemed to be forward-looking information in that it reflects a prediction of the mineralization that would be encountered if a mineral deposit were developed and mined. In connection with the forward-looking information contained in this news release, the Company has made numerous assumptions, regarding, among other things: the geological, metallurgical, engineering, financial and economic advice that the Company has received is reliable, and is based upon practices and methodologies which are consistent with industry standards.  While the Company considers these assumptions to be reasonable, these assumptions are inherently subject to significant uncertainties and contingencies.  Additionally, there are known and unknown risk factors which could cause the Company’s actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by the forward-looking information contained herein.  Known risk factors include, among others: the actual mineralization may not be as favorable as suggested, or at all;; uncertainties relating to interpretation of drill results and the geology, continuity and grade of mineral deposits; and uncertainty as to timely availability of permits and other governmental approvals. Vela undertakes no obligation to update forward-looking statements if circumstances or management’s estimates or opinions should change. The reader is cautioned not to place undue reliance [...]
          Duke's Coach K to have knee replaced; team trip canceled        
It was just Tuesday that Duke basketball emailed out the itinerary for its upcoming trip to the Dominican Republic. Two days later - the trip is off. The reason? Mike Krzyzewski's right knee needs to be replaced.
          "Bomba Puertorriqueña" YouTube Video Discussion Sub-Thread About The African Roots Of Bomba Drumming & Dancing And About Race & Racism In The Caribbean And In The United States        
Edited by Azizi Powell

This pancocojams post documents a sub-thread of the discussion thread for the YouTube video "Bomba Puertorriqueña". That video is also embedded in this post.

This sub-thread begins with a discussion about the African roots of Bomba drumming and dancing and continues with comments about race and racism in the Caribbean and in the United States.

The content of this post is presented for folkloric, socio-cultural, entertainment, and aesthetic purposes.

I'm interested in documenting excerpts of YouTube video discussion threads because I believe that these excerpts (among many others) should be considered folkloric artifacts that should be read, preserved, and studied for the information that they contain and for other socio-cultural reasons, including the perceptions and attitudes of commenters and the ways that communication occurs on these online social media discussion threads.

All copyrights remain with their owners.

Thanks to all those who are featured in this video, and thanks to all those who are quoted in this post. Thanks also to the publisher of this video on YouTube.

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SHOWCASE VIDEO: Bomba Puertorriqueña



dan vazquez Published on Sep 14, 2013

Delegación de Loiza en el 5to encuentro del tambor en Juncos. Debo hacer la aclaración este video lo tomo mi esposa Tita!
-snip-
Google translate from Spanish to English: Delegation of Loiza in the 5th encounter of the drum in Juncos. I must clarify this video I take my wife Tita!

-snip-
Statistics [as of 7/18/2017 2:10 PM]
total views: 637,146 views

likes: 4,117 dislikes: 174

total # of comments: 450

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SELECTED COMMENTS FROM A SUB-THREAD OF THE YOUTUBE VIDEO "Bomba Puertorriqueña"
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZummXOaoXuo&list=RDQMpRXHg7WufZY

This YouTube discussion thread excerpt consists of all of the comments that were posted in this sub-thread from the first comment in 2015 to the last comments (as of the date of this post's publication) that were posted on July 17, 2017. The comments are given in chronological order as they were found in that YouTube discussion thread- from the oldest comment to the most recent comments.

As per the policies of this blog, I use amended spelling for profanity and for the referent that is often referred to as "the n word". That amended spelling is indicated by an asterisk after that word (* means that that word is fully spelled out in that comment.) However, I've retained the letter abbreviations for profanity in these comments.

I used Google translate to translate words from Spanish to English. Those translations are given "as is" below the comment, except for the words "bomba" and "plena" which are sometimes given in that translation tool as "bomb" and "full". When that occurred, I added the correct terms in italics.

I'd let to direct special attention to the comment by Herminio Román Morales that is given as #34 below. That comment provides some detailed information about bomba music.

Numbers are assigned for referencing purposes only.

2015
1. Cubapanablacc
"So proud to see the African culture survived through out the Caribbean. Blacks from the U.S. especially the south don't seem to understand that black people exist in Spanish countries especially. Respect pa' mi gente bella, mi gente negra, viva los afro-Latinos"
-snip-
"Pa 'my beautiful people, my black people, live the Afro-Latinos"

**
Reply
2. Jerome Theseus
"+Cubapanablacc Yes it sure did!!! Alive and well!!! The US blacks have lost all of their African Roots. It also shows you that people who were slaves under Spain, had more freedom than in American. American slavery was the worst in history sick shit... I read in a article that Slaves under spain were allowed to get married as well."

**
Reply
3. Cubapanablacc
"+Jerome Theseus yea it's sad and very true. What's even worse is they make fun of us afro Latinos even though we share the same ancestry"

**
Reply
3. Jerome Theseus
"Yes, they are quick to say we don't like being black. Yet, our culture is heavily influenced by Africans. +Cubapanablacc

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2016
Reply
4. Michael Perez
"We are proud people, it stems from the Taino side more than anything, the other two thirds of our culture simply influenced this style of music."

**
Reply
5. Jerome Theseus
"+Michael Perez Stop spreading lies, and taking away from the African influence. BOMBA has nothing to do with Taino."

**
Reply
6. Cubapanablacc
"Pura musica africana y la cultura tambien. Lo siento Pero los taino Indians no tienen na' que ver en esto, and that's real
-snip-
"Pure African music and culture too. Sorry But the Taino Indians do not have na 'to see in this"...

**
Reply
7. Jerome Theseus
"+Cubapanablacc exactamente!! tu eres Cubano? yo igual!"
-snip-
"Cubapanablacc exactly !! You are cuban me too!"

**
Reply
8. Cubapanablacc
"+Jerome Theseus si soy afro Americano y Cubano y humildemente representando con mucho orgullo
-snip-
"Yes, I am African American and Cuban and humbly representing with much pride"

**
Reply
9. Michael Perez
"+Jerome Theseus This music started in Mayaguez from the African and Taino slaves. The music itself has spanish origins like all Carribean music. Trying to tell a f___king* Puerto Rican how his own culture started, good one kid.

**
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10. Cubapanablacc
"+Michael Perez bro your wrong. Puerto Rico isn't the only Caribbean country with this type of music. this music is conga and if you didn't know the Africans were the ones who taught the Spaniards music. if you know anything about the slave trials in the southern region of the U.S. the slaves used to come together and sing and dance and it was the same minus the Spanish language, but even in bomba dance and songs there's still African language used"

**
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11. Michael Perez
"+Cubapanablacc Incorrect, this style of music, Bomba, is influenced by African music, but originated in Mayaguez. It was used by BOTH Taino and African and later the Spanish decima or seis.

As for Africans teaching Spaniards music, that is also false. Their music began on the Iberian peninsula, long before the use of African slaves in Spain.

Your counter arguments are falling flat. You're not just arguing with a history major, but someone who has had the opportunity to study at UPRM and learn more about my own culture. Trying to deny the integration of three unique cultures into one dance is pathetic."

**
Reply
12. Cubapanablacc
"+Michael Perez tu eres Bien payaso primo. Africans used to control the Iberian peninsula centuries before the slave trade started where they taught the Spaniards music math, logic, and much more. Aprende compa de la historia del moors. Spaniards now are tryna erase that part of history because it has to do with Africa. all of this is already documented bro
-snip-
“tu eres Bien payaso primo+ = You are good clown cousin

"Aprende compa de la historia del moors" = Learn about moors history

**
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13. Michael Perez
"+Cubapanablacc I mean, most Spanish music is influenced by Greek and Italian styles, but I'd guess you know more, right? You're like the Mexicans who still think California is their territory lol."

**
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14. Cubapanablacc
"+Michael Perez and who you think taught the Greeks and the latins. Africans did, bro I promise if you research it youd be surprised what youd learn"

**
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15. Michael Perez
"+Cubapanablacc Research isn't foreign to me , once again, I am a four year history major. Greeks have no African influence in their music. The styles are far too different to even be relevant to each other.
You need to drop Wikipedia. I'm done arguing with somebody trying to teach me a culture that has been passed down in my family for generations since the first Perez landed in PR."

**
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16. Cubapanablacc
"+Michael Perez apparently it is, and no I don't f---k* with Wikipedia at all, Pero si tu lo dices compa
-snip-
"Pero si tu lo dices compa = But if you say so"

**
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17. hrivera007
"+Michael Perez la Bomba no es de Mayagüez, es de Loíza, traída por los esclavos que llegaron a Loíza. Ahora si estas hablando de Plena eso es otra cosa. Unos dicen que es de Ponce y otros de Mayagüez.
Pero Bomba es puro África. Ni los Taínos o españoles bailaban o tocaban tambores así. Yo también soy puertorriqueno."
-snip-
"The Bomba is not from Mayagüez, it is from Loíza, brought by the slaves who arrived at Loíza. Now if you are talking about Plena that is something else. Some say it is from Ponce and others from Mayaguez.
But Bomba is pure Africa. Neither the Taínos nor Spaniards danced or played drums like that. I'm a Puerto Rican too."

**
Reply
18. Cubapanablacc
"+hrivera007 exactamente hermano pero ese man piensa que sabe to'. en vida real fren, no vine aqui para discutir nada con nadie. vine aqui porque la calidad de la musica y cultura esta bien fuerte and is something all us afro-Latinos and Latinos in general need to cherish"
-snip-
"Exactly brother but that man thinks he knows to '. In real life fren, I did not come here to discuss anything with anyone. I came here because the quality of music and culture is very strong"

**
Reply
19. hrivera007
"+Cubapanablacc así es. Tienes razón."
-snip-
"so is. You're right."

**
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20. Sean rodriguez
"+Michael Perez papa bomba is all African, it's from Loiza and other parts on the eastern side of the island where most of us (black Puerto Ricans) are concentrated. This has nothing to do with tainos at all. African dancing and music is present in many Latin American countries mostly the Caribbean. This is coming from a Puerto Rican with just a bachelors degree and no research done.... We should already know who we are, I'm not attacking you... We just gotta dish out the right info. I'm from barranquitas btw an island town if you know where that's at, everyone around me is mostly European descent. Soo if I got all this info on lock, you should also."
-snip-
"papa bomba" = "Father bomba:

**
Reply
21. Espanol Guerra
"+Cubapanablacc Their is only one Spanish country and it is called Spain. Is Cuba a Spanish country or a country that speaks Spanish. Their is a big difference."

**
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22. Cubapanablacc
"Your absolutely right but what's your point there?"

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23. Espanol Guerra
"+Cubapanablacc That their is only one Spanish country and that the rest of the countries are Spanish speaking not Spanish. They have their own identity that makes them unique and many and fought and died to become free and independent countries.

No one can question their is Hispanic and Latin influence in these countries but they are not longer under Spanish rule and by calling them Spanish countries it implies that they are.

I just don't think that is fair with all the lives lost fighting for freedom and Independence. It would mean that all the people who fought for their countries to be independent died in vain."

**
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23. Karen Rodriguez
"+Michael Perez are you getting this info from Wikipedia bru?"

**
Reply
24. Grimm Reaper
"+Jerome Theseus Caribbean slavery was worse than American."

**
Reply
25. Jerome Theseus
"+Grimm Reaper How? When every caribbean island still have their African roots and culture still around. Such as this video here. Pay attention"

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26. Grimm Reaper
"+Jerome Theseus
I am not sure what you're trying to say. When you see an African American twerking that ass for the 'gram isn't that part of African culture? Or cornrowing their hair? Or eating yams? Because that's about all WE have."

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27. Jerome Theseus
"+Grimm Reaper Shut up... just stop"

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28. Grimm Reaper
"+Jerome Theseus
Lol, why? Why do you think we have our culture in tact because these dances are around? Do you know the symbolism behind them? Why they were practiced?"

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29. hector rivera
"+Dulce Agua Del Pozo Toda música del caribe o afrocaribena tiene origen de África. El Guaguanco de Cuba, el merengue de República Dominicana, la bomba, todos tienen raíces africanas, pero cuando cada país le pone su toque propio y la mezcla con el ambiente en que está, entonces ese ritmo se define propio y ahí es cuando ese ritmo se hace oriundo de ese país. Si no todo el caribe tocaría la misma música. Lo de "mezcla con árabe" esta es la primera vez que escucho eso."
-snip-
"Dulce Agua Del Pozo All music from the Caribbean or Afro-Caribbean originates from Africa. The Guaguanco of Cuba, the merengue of the Dominican Republic, the bomba, all have African roots, but when each country puts its own touch and mix with the environment in which it is, then that rhythm defines itself and that's when that rhythm He is a native of that country. If not all the caribe would play the same music. The "mix with Arabic" is the first time I hear that. "

**
Reply
30. I chew the bone to the merum 123
"Cuban Pana sorry that was my brother he likes to fight with people"

**
31. Cubapanablacc
+James Castro lol It's all good bro
-snip-
"James Castro" appears to be a former user name for "I chew the bone to the merum 123"

**
Reply
32. I chew the bone to the merum 123
"+Cubapanablacc true cuba has bomba too"

****
2017
Reply
33. Rio Cappuccino
"yes thats very true a lot of them are blind to their own roots,,Latinos are respected to some small degree more for the practice and memory of the mother land"

**
Reply
34. Herminio Román Morales
"La bomba es un genero musical que se crea en Puerto Rico, principalmente en zonas costeras con mayor concentración de esclavos. Los pueblos de Mayaguez, Cangrejos (Santurce), Loiza , Ponce ,Guayama, Santa Isabel y Juana Diaz entre otros, fueron la cuna de los varios estilos que conforman la bomba puertorriqueña. Usualmente cuando se explican estos diversos estilos se agrupan por estas regiones geográficas. No obstante en todo Puerto Rico pueden encontrarse unas características generales en la bomba. La misma se toca con dos o mas tambores llamados barriles. Tambien se utiliza una maraca que la toca un cantaor y unos palitos que se tocan contra el costado de uno de los barriles o contra una bambua, y se les llama cuá. La bomba se define como un duelo entre el bailador y el tocador del tambor que se denomina como subidor o primo y que va marcando los golpes que el bailador hace.

En la región de Santurce, se desarrollan los estilos conocidos como:

Sicá – Ritmo de bomba mas conocido y que fuera comercializado por Cortijo y su combo en las décadas del ’50 y ’60.
Yubá –Ritmo en compás de 6/8 de mucho sentimiento.
Cuembé – Ritmo parecido al Sicá pero con un golpe adicional.
Holandé – Ritmo rápido parecido en algunos golpes a la plena.
Adicional a estos, hay otros estilos que utilizan estos patrones rítmicos pero se diferencian ya sea por su forma de cantarse o bailarse. Ejemplo de estos son el Paulé, Gracimá, Cocobalé, Danué y Calindá entre otros.

En el area sur (Ponce, Guayama, Santa Isabel, Juana Diaz, entre otros) se desarrollaron los siguientes estilos:

Guembé – Basicamente igual que el Cuembé de santurce pero un poco mas lento.
Lero – Parecido al Yubá pero con un golpe adicional.
Belén – Ritmo lento usualmente usado para temas melancólicos
Cunyá – Ritmo donde predominan los golpes graves del tambor
Al igual que en la región de Santurce, en el sur hay vertientes dentro de esos patrones basicos y hay algunos patrones que han desaparecido ya que no se sabe como sonaban.

En el area de Loiza se conocen dos estilos principales:

Seis Corrido – Ritmo rápido y fuerte. Es el mas conocido del area.
Corvé – Ritmo rápido pero a 6/8 como el Leró y el Yubá.
Tambien existe un estilo del area de Canovanas y Carolina conocido como Hoyo Mula parecido al Seis Corrido pero mas lento."
-snip-
The bomba is a musical genre created in Puerto Rico, mainly in coastal areas with a higher concentration of slaves. The towns of Mayaguez, Cangrejos (Santurce), Loiza, Ponce, Guayama, Santa Isabel and Juana Diaz among others, were the cradle of the various styles that make up the Puerto Rican bomba. Usually when explaining these diverse styles are grouped by these geographical regions. However throughout Puerto Rico can be found some general characteristics in the pump. It is played with two or more drums called barrels. Also used is a maraca that is played by a singer and some sticks that are played against the side of one of the barrels or against a bamboo, and are called cuá. The bomb is defined as a duel between the dancer and the drum player that is called as a subidor or cousin and that is marking the blows that the dancer makes.

In the Santurce region, the styles known as:

Sicá - The best known pump rhythm ever marketed by Cortijo and his combo in the 50s and 60s.
Yubá - Rhythm in compass of 6/8 of much feeling.
Cuembé - Rhythm similar to Sicá but with an additional blow.
Dutch - Fast rhythm similar in some hits to full.
In addition to these, there are other styles that use these rhythmic patterns but they differ either by their way of singing or dancing. Examples of these are Paulé, Gracima, Cocobalé, Danué and Calindá among others.

In the southern area (Ponce, Guayama, Santa Isabel, Juana Diaz, among others) the following styles were developed:

Guembé - Basically the same as the Cuembé de santurce but a little slower.
Lero - Similar to the Yuba but with an additional blow.
Belén - Slow rhythm usually used for melancholic themes
Cunyá - Rhythm where the drum beats are predominant
As in the Santurce region, in the south there are slopes within those basic patterns and there are some patterns that have disappeared since you do not know how they sounded.

In the area of Loiza two main styles are known:
Six Run - Fast and strong rhythm. It is the best known in the area.
Corvé - Fast pace but 6/8 as the Lero and the Yuba.
There is also a style of the area of Canovanas and Carolina known as Hoyo Mula similar to the Six Run but slower."

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Reply
35. hrivera007
"Herminio Román Morales gracias por la información"
-snip-
"Thanks for that information"

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36. Emmia B
"Exactly....African Americans are quite confused....especially when it comes to race, ethnicity and nationality....I guess because I'm from the Caribbean I know some black people speak Spanish because their slave masters were Spaniards and other black people speak english because their slave masters were English"

**
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37. Natchitoches Levi
"Loving this argument lol. People don't realize that Indigenous Blacks are still in Greece and Italy and Sicily. SMH. The total erasure of Black influence just about everywhere. Sad. It is WELL documented like you said...Black Moorish/Hebrew influence on Europe, not just Iberia but in all Europe. People don't know anymore because they don't know history, the arts and only know what they are taught which is essentially a coverup of the facts."

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38. Cubapanablacc
"Natchitoches Levi of course but because whites made it a point to try and degrade us just for being black, we got many of our brothers and sisters out there confused, and trying their hardest to be anything but black. its sad"

**
Reply
39. Diego Gaud
"Bueno que es ser afro hispano
-snip-
"Well, it's about being an Afro-Hispanic"

**
Reply
40. hector rivera
"To end this great discussion I'm just going to say... I find so Sexy the first Bomba dancing lady."

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41. Reina Mora
"Cubapanablacc Si somos latinos americanos y caribeños no podemos sacar a los Tainos o nativos americanos de nuestra cultura, ellos son la base de nuestra existencia especialmente en Puerto Rico. Unos de nosotros nos veremos más blancos, otros negros, otros más cobrizos como los indígenas y así sucesivamente, pero el junte de todos ellos es lo que somos hoy y en el caso de Puerto Rico tampoco podemos sacar la gran inmigración catalana, italiana a través de los corsos que son de descendencia italiana. franceses, alemanes, ingleses ect Puerto Rico tiene una mezcla genética del mundo entero y debemos sentirnos felices de eso."
-snip-
"Cubapanablacc If we are Latin American and Caribbean we can not take the Tainos or Native Americans from our culture, they are the basis of our existence especially in Puerto Rico. Some of us will look more white, others black, others more copper like the Indians and so on, but the reunion of all of them is what we are today and in the case of Puerto Rico we can not get the great Catalan and Italian immigration through Of the Corsicans who are of Italian descent. French, German, English ect Puerto Rico has a genetic mix of the whole world and we should feel happy about it."

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42. Franco Campos
"Agradece que hay tainos sino las mujeres no fueran tan bellas.. las africanas no convencen saludos
-snip-
"Thank you that there are Tainos but the women were not so beautiful .. the Africans do not convince greetings"

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43. Cubapanablacc
"Reina Mora no es que queremos a sacar los tainos y los espanoles. solo estamos diciendo don't deny the African parts or try to down play the black role"
-snip-
"Not that we want to get the Tainos and the Spaniards. We are just saying don't deny the African parts or try to down play the black role"

**
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44. Alex James
"+Emmia B. Well in Latin America we are not in denial us Puerto Rican and Dominican and south Central American know that we are all mixed race and don't stick to one like the US so stop your hate and I'm proud to be Latino not black not white not indigenous just Latino with many mix races and Beautiful culture and our people of all color fought together!!! So keep that racist mentally away"

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45. Emmia B
"+Alex James ...what are you talking about???...stop the hate?...who is hating?...a lot of you guys are confused....and at the end of the day latino is not a race...its an ethnicity where different races of people share the same culture...lets not sit here and act like some of the poorest people in latin america and latin Caribbean arent the poorest of the poor because of tgeir race...so lets not sit here and act like "race" isnt a thing in latin America and everybody is holding hands sing kumbaya...like I said before some of you guys are in denial...accept the truth and move on...thank youuuuu!!!"

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46. Alex James
"Emmia B. 🚫👎🏾😒😡Where you from???? In Latin American hunny people don't care about race because they are fuxking mix so they dont thinks about race, unlike the f---king* racist blacks and whites of the United States and until Latins come to this country you see color!! Even if your mix child in the United States that's irrelevant you are not consider mix you are consider black!!! Latins don't care for race they all share a bit of every race and make one beautiful culture!!! Of all colors!! You are full of hate there nothing wrong with expressing a single race out your mixture but denying the fact that majority of Latino are either mestizo, mulatos, or Creoles is like a stab in the culture where as a group of people we have face poverty together no matter the race!!! But people like you from US who are brainwash can't see mixture just race and division that's whats wrong with y'all. so sip on your cup of coffee and sip it slow!!! I'm Dominican/Nicaraguan from my dad and my mom is Puerto Rican/colombian in blood flows a beautiful culture and long history of my people of all races! i live in miami you see the beauty in diversity but i guess you cant so Byeee ✌🏾️"

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46. Emmia B
"+Alex James ...lol...didnt read your whole story book...gtfoh with everyine is mixed and they dont see race in latin america...lmao...non black latinos are some of the most racist people in the world...you are one of the in denial ones Im talking about...boy bye!!!!"

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47. Alex James
"Emmia B. Read it hoe get educated. bye racist!!! You will die in your hate and when you get old you will see that you were just a spec on this planet you can die being black or white and no one would care bye ✌🏾️✌🏾✌🏾✌🏾✌🏾"

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48. Emmia B
"+Alex James ...how am I being racist?...you should look up the meaning of racism or a racist ...clearly you dont know what you are talking about on any subject...Im a hoe?...lol...YOU also need to look up the definition of that...yes...we are all just a spec..but the concept of race is an issue on earth...and people are treated good or bad depending on their race...so lets again not live in denial...but...accept the truth and fix it...bye Mr. Delusional!!!"

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49. Alex James
"Emmia B. Bye keep living with your prejudice eyes they won't take you anywhere ✌🏾️"

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50. Emmia B
"+Alex James ...oh now Im prejudice...I see you went and looked up the definition of racism...lol...you are a joke!!!...I will keep living with my eyes open...Im not colour blind or race blind...I see and I am aware of what goes on in the world and around me...and I will work hard to help change the horrible things that go on because some people think that black is less than...so thank you...and you keep living with blinders over your eyes...that helps no one in the long run... you are good at being delusional, I'll give you that....congrats!!!!"

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51. Alex James
"+Emmia B. I didn't read your fictional story and I bet your not even Latin try to go Latin America there's no fully white people of anything they make 1 percent of the population in most Latin country they are mix ignorant racist loser I bet you are an American black full of hate towards whites and have the need to divide Latins to also join your hatred views, whatever your sad bye ✌🏾️ 🖕🏽👏🏾✋🏾

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52. Emmia B
"+Alex James .....I guess the afro latinos Ive met are liars and what Ive seen in documentaries are all made up...and Im not American by the way...you just keep getting things wrong Alexandra"

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53. Alex James
"+Emmia B. You don't sounds like you been to Latin countries it seems you get your facts from mouth and please tell me where the Afro Latinos friends are from that you know?... I guaranteed you that they are mix with other races my point exactly the Caribbean most Dominicans and Puerto Rican are creole and mulatos while Cuban mostly mulatos they make most of the population creole are Taino Indian aka Native American, blacks, and white mix together, most south and centra american country have meztizo which is white and Native American and creole people as well also many which are mix other indigenous population the only Latin American country predominantly white with some meztizo are Argentinas. Latinos are so mix that there ancestral lineage is so diverse. I'm Latino and I might not be classify as a separate race for you but I'm sure a total different culture and history and race is so unimportant from you. maybe you should meet more Latino people and see how diverse and multi color and unique the family structure is damn and if you can't go to Latin American come to "Miami Florida" I live here is practically Latino American of the United States! Bye boo ✌🏾️✋🏾👍🏾"

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54. Emmia B
"+Alex James ...blah..blah...blah...i ain't reading that sh&t.*"

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54. Alex James
"+Emmia B. Didn't read your sh&t* bye ✌🏾️"

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55. Alex James
"+Emmia B. 👏🏾👏🏾👏🏾✌🏾️"

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56. Emmia B
"+Alex James ...bye Alexandra!!...lol"

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57. Alex James
"+Emmia B. Bye 👏🏾✌🏾️"

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58. Kiki Learns Languages
"It actually wasn't. The Caribbean and South American slaves were worked to death and new Africans were shipped in by the abolishment of slavery around the world (at different times) the slaves were newcomers. Gullah black Americans have more of their African heritage because they lived on isolated Sea islands with no bridges. The same with blacks in Lousiana voodoo, red rice ---a derivative of African jollof rice."

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59. Emmia B
"+Kiki Learns Languages ....uhmmm...caribbeans held on to a bit more african culture...they held on to some of their folk
dancing...music...language...food...I see what you are saying though about those certain parts that you mentioned"

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60. Emmia B
"+Kiki Learns Languages ...I never knew they had red rice that is derivative of jollof rice...I learned something new"

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61. Dia Nuevo
"Cubapanablacc survived? mi hermano si esto es tradicion boricua, herencia de nuestros ancestros. Esto es música que vive en nosotros , herencia que celebramos con gozo. en fin parte de nuestro diario vivir.
y ninguna invasión, de ningun lado va cambiar eso.

boricuas de pura cepa."
-snip-
"My brother if this is tradition boricua, inheritance of our ancestors. This is music that lives in us, an inheritance that we celebrate with joy. In part part of our daily life.
And no invasion, nowhere will that change.

Boricuas of pure strain."

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62. Dia Nuevo
"Espanol Guerra exacto en Puerto Rico, somos boricuas, y con tan solo una herencia la puertorriqueña, nacida de la mezcla de la cultura africana con la taina y la española. pero en fin es puertorriqueña, boricua.

en esta isla no nos diferenciamos como blancos o negros , o afro latinos, o latinos. No, en esta isla TODOS, somo Borinqueños.
y la bomba y plena, es nuestra herencia."
-snip-
"Espanol Exact war in Puerto Rico, we are Puerto Rican, and with only a Puerto Rican heritage, born of the mixture of African culture with Taino and Spanish. But in the end it is Puerto Rican, Puerto Rican.

On this island we do not differentiate ourselves as whites or blacks, or Afro Latinos, or Latinos. No, on this island, everyone is Borinquen.
And the bomba and plena is our inheritance

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63. Dia Nuevo
"Emmia B white latino? thats the most retarded thing i have heard. latino is still latino regarsless of skin tone.
the same way, el boricua es boricua sin importar el color de piel."
-snip-
Boricua is boricua regardless of skin color"
-snip-
"Boricua" = Puerto Rican

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64. Emmia B
"+Dia Nuevo ..uhmmm...skin tone?...race, is more like it...latino is not a race...its an ethnicity in which different races share the same culture...please...and the white people from spain who brought over african slaves and forced the indigenous americans to speak spanish and follow their white culuture...so yes...i meant white latino...stfu, if you dont even know your own history"

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65. Alex James
"+ Emmia B. You just full of hate hunny in the end of the day hunny we die and we are just all dust so suck on that 😂"

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66. Alex James
"Cubapanablacc. 👍🏼"

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67. Gloria Cunningham
"Cubapanablacc you right my brotha"

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68. Dreadman LV
"To those saying afro Americans lost there African culture this is not true. It just came in a more dicreet compared to our brothers and sisters in the Carribean and South/central America when you look at our way speaking for example Black Vernacular English(Ebonics) that is African in influence when you look at music like early acoustic blues they way they play the guitar, that has African influence even bluegrass music which has the banjo which is an African instrument(look up the banja and akonting) and also soul food which is very similar to cuisine eaten in West African countries like Ghana. And not forget the black church and how worship and music is done VERY AFRICAN it's just through the prism of a strong European dominance so it doesn't show as pronounced as day in Puerto Rico our Cuba."

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69. ubapanablacc
"Dreadman LV look at the youth of African Americans in the U.S. now. most watching things like this laugh and make fun of it. how do I know? I was born and raised in N.Y. and live in the south and when ni&&as* see this they laugh and start saying a bunch of bullsh&t*. in the Caribbean most of those African dialects are still spoken amongst the communities where a lot of them were pushed to reside. I don't see any youths dancing conga or playing drums or even wanting to participate in any event. the reason is here in the U.S blacks have been conditioned to be more like Europeans."

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70. Dreadman LV
"Cubapanablacc My brother that is because unfortunately there has been a disconnect especially more so today with AA youth they don't recognize there own culture in front of them but some do. but you also have to see at least to me many of my brother s and sisters through out the diaspora create a speeration as well which I think comes from having too much National pride and not recognizing that have a shared culture with AA here. And again because how slavey was in the United States especially the denial of the drum made alot of our culture come less pronounced than in Cuba and Puerto Rico. I'd say as much as the AA here need to recognize their culture in Afro Latin diaspora the Afro Latinos should learn research and see the African roots here in the USA"

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71. Dreadman LV
"Cubapanablacc Also I'm an AA who is a n aspiring Percussionist (Congas etc) that has a strong interest in Afro-Latin music so not all don't realize the connection"

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72. Cubapanablacc
"Dreadman LV that's just it. when you speak to most AA's here in the U.S. for the most part they don't recognize afro-Latinos as being family and that stems from years of conflict. when a black man such as myself starts speaking Spanish in front of African Americans, the first thing they say is Ohh I thought you were black. my response always is I am black, me speaking another language doesn't change my race, but a lot not all but majority especially here in the south don't seem to understand that"

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73. Kiki Learns Languages
"Some black Latinos say they are not a color they are Dominican, Puerto Rican etc. Many Latinos get upset if you claim them as black. There are some Latinos in America who don't think black Latinos exist. This Afro-Panamanian Youtuber said Latinos never believe she is Latina and ask her why she has pelo malo if she's Latina. Another Afro-Venezuelan said people ask her to prove it by speaking Spanish. Another Colombiana said it was the same, people don't believe she's Latina and she moved to the USA when she was 12.
-snip-
"pelo malo" = bad hair

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74. Dreadman LV
"Cubapanablacc It's just ignorance and of lack of knowledge. But it up to you and me and others to help educate and bridge the gap and not separate. You to remember these or ppl who only grew up around those like themselves and there only exposure to Latin culture was most likely not Afro Latino"

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75. Cubapanablacc
"Kiki Learns Languages you're definitely right about that, but that's why people like me are here to make sure we all understand that we aren't really different despite a language"

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76. Cubapanablacc
"Dreadman LV definitely bro 100%."

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77. Joseph C. Lee
"Cubapanablacc We don't know because we are innocently ignorant about this, the way many non African Americans are unaware of U.S. slavery and the Black codes and Jim crow. This is why we need to unite by race instead of limiting ourselves by ONLY identifying with just our ethnicities."

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78. Dreadman LV
"Joseph C. Lee completely agree. And Would be Nationality not ethnicty."

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79. Kiki Learns Languages
"I'm not. AA have to want to learn."

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80. spanish rampage
"just one guy made that comment and now you're generalizing? how do you know the guy who made that comment is a white latino...now i'm SMH"
-snip-
SMH = "shaking my head" (usually a saying and not a gesture to denote exasperation, annoyance, etc.)

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81. Alex James
"Kiki Learns Languages. F---K* READ GURL🚫😡👎🏽You are so wrong! You want latinos to say so bad that they are black but they can't claim to there Native American side either or white side? Latinos don't even say they are white that's bullsh&t* the reason why here in the us latinos say they are are put as white is because in the US we live a system of race black and white Americans only care about race so when Latinos started coming to the US they didn't know where to categorize them so they were automatically categorize as white in ballots. But if you even go to Latin America Is not that they are IGNORANT is that race is not a big part of the culture all Latino are so multiracial that claiming as only black insults your history Latinos are more than a race we are define as a culture as a whole single group of people. Black American so racist just as white Americans your hate has blind and even if a child here is born biracial he will be just known as a black child wherever he goes. Latinos do have a preferences in lighter skin but that's in every group of color people asians, Indians, naive Americans and even African blacks always prefer lighter skin individuals so don't come at me saying Latinos ignore darker skin Latinos they chose to f---k* whoever they choose and that's not your choice you can't sit behind a computer and expect to make a change by demanding Latinos to choose darker people when Jamaican and African also choose lighter individual evens African Americans it can be because of Colonialism or it can be due that usually workers work in the sun and are darker and rich people are lighter cuz they work indoors even Asian did that so whatever the reason Latinos don't proclaim as black white or Native American which most are mix to we just say we are Latinos we don't fit with black Americans or white American why cuz Latinos have there own culture music language and it has divided us stop trying to win a battle of hate cuz you only have hate in your heart, trust me girl white people are not out to kill you so chill ✌🏽"

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82. spanish rampage
"you know something, before there were any Africans in North America they were already living in the Carribean, so there is a longer history of Africans in the carribean. And do you know that there is no one word in Spanish to degrade a black person, you know words like ni&&e*r ect, there are quite a few in the English"

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83. Kiki Learns Languages
"Well I know black Colombians in Colombia. They are putting up black power signs and wearing dashikis and many have kinky type 4 hair. I speak to one daily. All latinos are not mixed some are 80% African."

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84. Alex James
"Kiki Learns Languages. Have you seen the population yes they are who are not mix but they make up less than %10 if not less of the population there's also full whites in Colombians and full indigenous native Americans tribes so what's your point??? I didn't see no point in your comment just cuz you talk to a black Colombian doesn't give you a whole spectrum of all Latinos try to come to Miami here with have Latin from everywhere Cubans, Dominicans, Puerto Rican's, Colombians, Nicaraguan, Guatemalans, Hondurans, Peruvians and more yes there full blacks full white and full indigenous but they don't make most of the population even in Dominican Republic most Dominicans have white ancestry and a bit of Taino Indian Native American just like the puerto Ricans but puerto ricans have more Native American ancestry but most Latin are not concern like you about race cuz it's not important in Latin America most are poor and family all have all type of shades of color one of my cousin she's really black while my my other cousins she's very white and most are shades of brown and it doesn't mean I'm going to start picking sides proclaiming as white, black or Native I'm just Latinos we are the future and you hate will one day end when everyone is like Latinos mix to the point where race is a thing of the pass until than while you think you bringing peace you only diving and creating more hate ✌🏽"

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85. Christine Nieves
"Cubapanablacc exactly the Black Moors ruled Europe for 700 years.."

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86. Emmia B
"+Alex James ...bullsh&t!!!*"

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87. Christine Nieves
"Alex James Cre·ole
ˈkrēˌōl/Submit
noun
1.
a person of mixed European and black descent, especially in the Caribbean."

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88. Dia Nuevo
"Kiki Learns Languages because all puertorican are and treat eachother like puerto ricans, and so do dominicans. We are way passed race issues, we are all brothers.
maybe Americans of the USA should learn that."

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89. Christine Nieves
"Dia Nuevo not true.. Puerto Ricans always degrade persons of color. Please my father had an afro and talked sh&it* about Black Americans. I'm like dude look in the Mirror."

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90. Emmia B
"+Dia Nuevo ..thats not true!!!"

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91. Alex James
"Emmia B. Yea go always don't reply my stuff you are full of hate and a racist I don't talk to people who have no sense of mind you keep trolling this comments like its your job"

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92. Alex James
"Christine Nieves. Latinos, Haitians, and even African talk about about black American why???? Tell me why? Because of the way they act don't act here that only Latinos talk sh&t* about blacks that's not true blacks in the US are mostly the once you see in tv of doing crime so generally people try not to associate with black Americans even other black ethnicities themselves It has to do wok culture not color learn the difference so do me a favor and look at yourself in the mirror"

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93. Alex James
"Christine Nieves. First creole means mixture doesn't have to be race, example Haitians speak creole because is a mixture of French and African language. Mulatos means between black and white race, mestizo means between Native Americans and white and creole talking about race means all mixture I can tell your not Latino you didn't know that common terminology next time do a little more research. And I'm not trying to hate but Latin are not even worry about racial issues cuz everyone is f--king* mix

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94. Dreadman LV
"Alex James That's the problem they take what they see through media as the absolute truth instead of being open and trying learn about the AA culture and see the connection"

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95. spanish rampage
"+Kiki Learns Languages the ones you see on this video are direct desendants of Africa, they're from the town of Loiza."

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96. Christine Nieves
"Alex James my father's dead but that's how a lot of Puerto Ricans think. I really could care less. I am proud of my culture it is rich and vibrant. I don't need to look in the mirror because I am not ashamed of my color. Good day... Think positive.."

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97. Christine Nieves
"Alex James I'm Puerto Rican. First generation born in Chicago. look up the definition of the meaning of Creole."

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98. Alex James
"Christine Nieves. I already gave you the definition of creole I even gave you example do you want the me to use in a sentence?. If you Puerto Rican how you don't know what's creole, mestizo or even multalos but let me stop explaining usually ignorance doesn't admit his ignorance, i didn't really see you point with you defining what's creole. Which is also a language of Haiti which means mix. Check please ✌🏽"

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99. Alex James
"Christine Nieves. I'm proud to Hispanic but don't retract from what you said you said he complain about blacks people in my family we have all shades of colors even my dark skin relatives complain about African Americans is not there skin color is the way blacks in the US are raised, Haitians And Nigerians are black there parents are strict and they don't like to be associated with African Americans because is more culture and not of color. Do you understand? Don't sit back and act like Latin people hate blacks we just don't want to be associate with a culture difference from ours where there kids are raised different Latinos have a more strong family structure than African American that's why many are here racist blacks who want Hispanic so bad to admit that they African when Hispanic know they are dark skin but also have light skin people in the family we don't choose race or color like the racist Americans we have go beyond that. In my family I have dark skin cousins light cousins and brown skins cousins I'm not going to sit back and choose a side to please the racist people"

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100. Joseph C. Lee
"Alex James Perdón. Yoi lnow nothing about black people in America. So unless you working to eradicate the damage we have been through, keep your thoughts to yourself. I am glad your culture is intact to an extent. We would be killed practicing our native culture. Our tongues would we be ripped out if we spoke our native languages. Please research and educate yourself and stop being indoctrinated."

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101. Christine Nieves
"Joseph C. Lee truth.. People only know half truths... You are correct. I'm so sick of the lies"

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102. spanish rampage
"+Joseph C. Lee c'mon stop with the exaggerations...who'd rip your tongue out huh??,"

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103. Alex James
"Joseph C. Lee. 😡🚫🚫👎🏽👎🏽👎🏽Ohhh wow tell me what black American go through please tell me ??? Go ahead educate me!! Don't tell me slavery because your ancestor just like mines when thought it so don't give me that bullsh&t* what black American go through in in US don't tell me kill by cops when more white males are kill by cops but the media doesn't say that sh&t* cuz it doesn't give them rating, when more American blacks commit more crime than any other "ethnicities" black Americans are lazy as f--k* and racist they want Hispanic to join there army of hate! Listen Latinos are mix many ancestors of slaves as well and they come to this country the United States poor and work hard to make to school even if its its illegal while blacks get all type of benefits but that's not enough to so please tell me your struggle go ahead. Latinos and Haitians come come to this country and work hard to be successful Latinos and Haitians have tight family structure which American blacks are single parent who just complain that the government doesn't support y'all and when someone ask what's your struggle you can't even give me 1 f--king* reason"

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104. Alex James
"Joseph C. Lee. Like my last comment said it all educate me give 1 reason go ahead"

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105. Joseph C. Lee
"Alex James Lol. Bye Alex. You don't know anything about my ancestors. We are our ancestors (look up epigenetics and transgenerational trauma), it is not my job to educate you. No one educated me. I educated myself with the guidance of my ancestors drawing me to people and books and so on that have opened my eyes. Also, how do you know so much about the American FBI statistics saying that black people do more violence (actually based on the FBI website white people do more crime). At the end of the day please go be humble and sit down. I'm not trying to entertain anyone who is indoctrinating fallacies while he or she doesn't even have a picture up. 🙄Bye! 👋🏿

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106. Alex James
"Joseph C. Lee. Yea you want to tell people what to believe but can't answer a f--king* question or give an explanation I'm not not sitting entertaining someone unlike I educate idiots who are Blind in there hate towards white people that need approval to move ahead in life. Stop acting like your going through slavery because you have no idea what your ancestors when thought slavery wasn't last week so stop saying that's your struggle!!! I came from ancestors who were also slaves as well and I don't let that shit put me down its not a peddle stone for white people to feel sorry for me!!! Yes black Americans commit more crime don't even look at statistic just turn on your news and see who is robing places and killing there own fellow blacks! Exactly!!! You act like white people are killing you when more blacks kill blacks!! But your lazy ass can't educate yourself because you are so busy watching CNN news and burning streets and defending criminals!!"

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107. Dia Nuevo
"Christine Nieves so now i degrade my own black mother and she degrades herself huh? dont be atupid, in PR we are so mixed that a light skin kid will have a dark skin mom, is very normal.

and aure we make fun of each other, but in the end of the day we all treat eachother like puertoricans. so dont talk bs. in puerto rico we are all boricuas."

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108. Dia Nuevo
"Christine Nieves yoy are talking bullsh&t* without wver having lived in the island."

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109.Joseph C. Lee
"Alex James Lol. How ignorant you are. 😭😭😭😭"

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110. Unicorn Tacos
"I am so glad to see that there are some Afro-Latina/o that actually accept their African roots. Alot of them like to avoid it. "

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111. Unicorn Tacos
"Michael Perez Please stop spreading false info."

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112. spanish rampage
"+Unicorn Tacos not all dark skinned latinos have African DNA, my family comes from the mountain town of Corozal, our roots are Taino and Spanish no African DNA. A good half of my family are Dark skinned from my mothers Taino/Spanish side and the other half are white or light skinned coming from my fathers Spanish side. Back in the day there was no use for African slaves in the mountain towns since the farmers were very poor and tradicionally the farms were family run and worked. Africans mostly populated the costal towns where the sugarcane and tabacoo plantations were located. Maybe if there was a wealthty hacienda owner in the mountain range areas he had African servants but that was rare because Taino women were more likely used as servants. I can't claim what i'm not."
-snip-
This is the last comment in this discussion sub-thread as of 7/18/2017 at 2:05 PM. Several of these comments were made one day ago which demonstrates that this is still a “hot” sub-thread [the discussion isn’t ended and the sub-thread will probably have additional comments].

****
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          Sea of Storms by Stuart B. Schwartz (Hurricanes in Caribbean)        


A History of Hurricanes in the Greater Caribbean from Columbus to Katrina


Hurricanes have the power to fascinate us, as do earthquakes and tornadoes, in their total power and seeming randomness (and in a small way to an epically bad final episode of Dexter).  Every hurricane season takes a toll on some region of the US or elsewhere, and while the news reports can be disturbing and frightening, it’s in the handling of these natural disasters that political policy, social attitudes, and scientific ignorance is most seen and least commented upon.

Stuart B. Schwartz has created a history of Hurricanes in the region that seems them the most…the Caribbean.  Scores have occurred that usually stay above the midline of South America and further up the East Coast of the US, centering mainly on the Caribbean from Mexico to the Bahamas and other islands. When my parents lived in Belize, I heard stories of people tying themselves into palm trees to survive the occasional hurricane. I didn’t believe it, but apparently, it’s not a rare plan when you are faced with a mighty storm, flooding, and no shelter.

Schwartz begins with one of the earliest recorded hurricanes and the written histories available from it, and goes on to explore the scientific basis for the cause of them.  Sailors often could tell when something was awry, but how that knowledge was dispersed was unlikely to help many people.  Starting with this hurricane in Veracruz, he weaves together the human and scientific elements that inevitably alter our history.

The first storm described was one that hit Veracruz in 1552, one described by the author as a “sixteenth-century Katrina”. The aftermath led many to conclude it was God’s punishment that led to such devastation: “they were set in a social, political, and conceptual frame that made an understanding of this catastrophe a moment for reflection on human sin and moral failure as the cause of God’s anger” (3). Despite scientific evidence to the contrary, increasing in every century since, this opinion is still widely shared and proposed as the reason for modern day hurricanes and similar storms.

Since hurricanes were not well-known meteorological behavior in many climates, when information about them reached Europe and other Northern regions, many of the details were converted into object lessons regarding good and evil.  It took a great deal of time for research into changes in weather, ocean conditions, and even animal behavior to be undertaken to prevent such disasters.

One chapter discusses early European forays into the Caribbean, with a somewhat ironic tale of two enemies whose fate was determined by such weather.  Columbus’ enemy Francisco de Bobadilla was the investigator who chained up Columbus and returned him to Spain with a very unfavorable report.  Years later, they meet again in Santo Domingo, where Bobadilla is heading out with a fleet of gold.  One of those ships held gold that belonged to Columbus that was being carried to Seville. Columbus warned both him and the governor that a huge storm was coming, but neither wanted advice from him.  He was even refused entry into the port. So Columbus found a small port to shelter in temporarily, and held out during the storm, while the others headed out.

Unfortunately for them, the prophecy of Columbus, who used his experience with observation of weather changes and water behavior, came true. Only the ship carrying Columbus’ gold survived. The rest, some twenty six boats, went down in the storm.  Sadly, five hundred plus sailors and the remaining gold sank.  Columbus may have felt vindicated, but he then suffered rumors of being “in concert with the Devil and that he had actually called down the storm upon his enemy” (11).  I’m not a big fan of Columbus, but wow. Major burn.

When scientists set about trying to predict and prevent hurricanes, their ideas ranged from ridiculous to somewhat on target, but always at a cost.

Whatever the scientific value of such attempts at weather modification, these hurricane projects and those to increase or decrease rainfall were always politically controversial, since changing the course of a hurricane or changing areas of rainfall might save one area from injury, but place another in danger. Fidel Castro claimed the United States was carrying out environmental warfare by trying to divert rainfall from Cuba to ruin its agriculture (274).

Interestingly, it was Castro as a leader who was the one most interested in responding successfully to the next hurricane, Flora, where “all of the institutions of the regime were mobilized for the relief effort – militias, the army…the Red Cross and police “(288). He interacted with victims and played a visible role in the country by seeking out more information about the storms and relief available. This was in sharp contrast to the nearby regions of Haiti and the Dominican Republic,hit brutally and where the dictator Duvalier appeared to care not at all by the damage or his people’s losses.

Throughout the centuries since the hurricane in Veracruz, the responses are strangely the same.  Not all take advantage of warnings given (which are not always clear), and when the damage is done, blame is given to the people themselves for abandoning God or living a lifestyle deserving of such disaster. An example of this, outrageous as it is, is Hurricane Katrina.  The failures on so many levels is sobering and obscene.

First, despite Hurricane Andrew that hit Florida in 1992, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was gutted after the election of George W. Bush. Bush’s campaign manager called it “an oversized entitlement program” and its level of preparedness was diminished (entitlement being the code word for helping the poor).  After all, after 9/11 there were less funds allotted to it, and then it came under the direction of Homeland Security with a focus more on “anti-terrorist activities”.  Good intentions may have led to very poor decisions, but it appears there was a more sinister attitude in play.  One journalist, Eric Holderman, is quoted in the book as warning via the Washington Post that “hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, floods, windstorms, fires and flu were destined to be a national concern on a weekly or daily basis.  They are coming for sure, sooner or later, even as we are, to an unconscionable degree, weakening our ability to respond to them” (318).

He makes a valid point.  Reducing protection across the board in case of a natural disaster weakens the US as a whole, as a terrorist act garners more of a reaction. And never can this been seen more than in Hurricane Katrina.  When it occurred, I was on a rafting trip in Northern California.  Away from news, even radio, for a week, made coming home to the disaster seem as if Armageddon had arrived in New Orleans.  For many, it might as well have been.

New Orleans reeling from a hurricane is no surprise. First, the location. Dangerous levees, a low ground point in comparison to Lake Ponchartrain, and the levels of the Mississippi all contribute to a region surrounded by water (so much so that graves are raised on concrete platforms in the city cemeteries rather than in the ground).  In addition, about a quarter of the city lived below the poverty line, and was 67% African American. This demographic was not considered politically valuable and thus efforts to help Louisiana were largely pushed aside, despite credible warnings.
We can all picture the Superdome and its intense overcrowding, but less known is the more insidious wrongs that took place:

Doctors were turned away from aiding victims because they did not have state licenses; buses were not mobilized [for evacuation] because they lacked air-conditioning or toilets; bus drivers were not allowed to serve until they had the required sexual harassment training; the governor’s request for national aid was delayed for five days because it had not been made in writing (324).

It’s hard not to quote this entire chapter as it is so shocking.  I had no idea that FEMA tried to suppress photos of the dead or of those trapped on roofs or hanging on to flimsy floating boards.  Were they worried about bad PR? Food was not provided to Superdome evacuees.  While 80% of the city had been evacuated, those that remained were blamed in the press for not leaving in a timely way, despite that many of these were the poor and elderly that did not have the means to escape (remember the lack of buses?).  The fact that not ALL could escape was already predicted by expert projection made no difference:  no plan was implemented to change that, so this television visibility “drove home a message of social and racial inequalities”. 

Now, all of this is tragic, and yet many people still feel that the situation was impossible to prevent and thus impossible to prepare for. Yet, attitudes of leaders and TV buffoons illuminate a further, racially biased attitude that had to contribute to the disaster, either in beliefs about it or towards its victims.  While you may have the TV pundits say dumb things, like Bill O’Reilly, who “suggested that those who had not evacuated were drug addicts unwilling to leave their suppliers”, it’s more troubling when the political leadership in the US and especially that region (people in a position to change and improve policy) also speak ignorantly of the disaster.  Robert Baker, a Baton Rouge congressman, stated “We finally cleaned up public housing in New Orleans. We couldn’t do it, but God did.”  Rick Santorum (fun to google him), a Republican candidate for President, felt that those who didn’t evacuate should be penalized.  As if they weren’t already by the sub-human conditions.

Additionally, many TV outlets emphasized and exaggerated the occurrences of crime and looting. In fact, many of the looters were taking only food, milk, toilet paper and bread. 

And of course, there were the interpreters, such as many ministers who suggested, just like in Veracruz centuries before, that an angry God was in punishment mode. Ray Nagin, the mayor of New Orleans, “said in his reelection campaign that God had punished New Orleans for the war in Iraq”.  Such blame was attributed widely in many circles, namely Republican and Fundamental.
As Schwartz states so elegantly near the end of the book, “Providentialism was, as it has usually been, employed to support existing political convictions rather than as a catalyst for new interpretations or changes of heart (335)”.

The book concludes with an overview of Hurricane Sandy and the political clout that was banked upon in the aftermath, as well as the unnecessary damage and suffering to New Jersey residents.

There is no sense of this being a complete downer, but more an example of how attitudes (religious, secular, and political) often ignore the scientific basis for how things occur, and even avoid learning more about what science can tell us about hurricanes and other natural disasters.  Much of the science behind hurricanes is discussed in the book, and knowledge of such is possible, not so much to prevent but to prepare.

Hurricane season starts June 1, 2015.

Review copy provided by Princeton University Press.





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          25-Year-Old Dies After Botched Plastic Surgery        

( 4UMF NEWS ) 25-Year-Old Dies After Botched Plastic Surgery: A woman who died after getting plastic surgery in the Dominican Republic was in excruciating pain after she returned to the Bronx, a neighbor said Sunday. Janelle Edwards, 25, died Thursday of a blood clot caused by a breast enhancement, tummy tuck and butt implants […]

The post 25-Year-Old Dies After Botched Plastic Surgery appeared first on 4UMF | Current Events | Current News | Latest News.


          CDC Recommends Precautions during Holiday Travel to Haiti        
If you plan to travel to Haiti or the Dominican Republic for the holidays, the CDC urges you to protect yourself from cholera. Cholera has been spreading in Haiti and, to a limited degree, the Dominican Republic since October and November respectively.
          Caicos Express expands to the Dominican Republic        
The Turks and Caicos Islands Airports Authority (TCIAA) along with aviation partner Caicos Express is pleased to announce the addition of the Dominican Republic to their […]
          First Choice (coj240882).        
Make your summer holiday an escape to Dominican Republic. Dominican ...
          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our team is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italia, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Mexico, Netherlands, South Africa, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Duke cancels Dominican exhibition trip because of Coach K's knee surgery        

Duke men's basketball coach Mike Krzyzewski will have a total knee replacement surgery, leading the team to cancel this month's exhibition trip to the Dominican Republic.

The school announced Thursday the Hall of Fame coach will have the procedure this weekend on his right leg at the university...


          Bayou Select & Bayou Spiced Rum - Award Winning Rums From Louisiana        

Bayou Rum is handmade in the largest privately-owned rum distillery in the USA, utilising traditional methods with state of the art technology for all four steps of production; fermentation, distillation, maturation and bottling. The beautiful facility in Lacassine, Louisiana offers distillery tours, a rum tasting bar and a gift shop shop for those who visit the home of Bayou Rum.

Although Louisiana Spirits is still relatively new (it opened in 2013), the company has made a big impression. For starters, in little over year since it began distilling rum, they had won 50 awards from tasting competitions across the country. Louisiana Spirits has gone on to make this number an unprecedented 83 taste awards; this is more than any other rum in the world!

louisianna-distillery

This nearly overnight success has to be partly attributed to Cuban born Reiniel Vicente. Reiniel is a second generation master blender who learned the craft of rum making from his father while working at a rum company in the Dominican Republic for many years. Reiniel’s father was a master blender in Cuba for 25 years and they are generally regarded as the masters of creating light rums.

It’s impossible to tell the story of south Louisiana without mentioning the massive sugar plantations that made the region so famous. It’s no surprise that Louisiana Spirits owes a lot of its success to the famous Louisiana sugar cane that it grows on site.

For 300 years, the bayou wetlands of Southern Louisiana have been sugarcane country. At the Bayou distillery, they handcraft rum in small copper pot stills from a unique blend of local molasses and fresh raw sugar. The result is a range of Premium Rums from Louisiana, the richest of which is Bayou Select, carefully matured the aforementioned master blender Reiniel Vicente. With a combination of Bourbon and Bordeaux wine casks, he uses the Solera aging process to top up the evaporation from our oldest barrels with younger rums, until the perfect balance of smoothness and character is achieved.

Trey Litel, President of Louisiana Spirits explains the provenance of sugar cane growing in Louisiana as follows;

"We are focused on producing world class rum from Louisiana sugarcane. Historically, Louisiana had been making rum dating back to 1764 and up through prohibition. The first settlers in colonial Louisiana were striving to survive and growing cane proved to be their answer. The French Chevalier in charge of the settlement shipped sugar, molasses, and 18 hogsheads of tafia (the French name for rum before the British named it!) to the King of France as proof of their success with the crop in 1764. A monumental “sugar rush” was kicked off a couple decades later after the 1795 growing season when Etienne de Bore crystallized sugar commercially and sold his sugar crystals for $12,000! Word traveled fast and people arrived in Louisiana to buy land up and down the Mississippi river, up and down the bayous, to establish sugarcane farms and plantations. It was fascinating and inspirational to learn that knowledge transfer from the Caribbean assisted Louisiana to become the sugar capital of the USA in the mid 1800s providing up to 90% of sugar consumed then. We celebrate this history with our “sugarhouse” recipe for Bayou Rum."

 

Bayou Select Rum - 40% 70cl

bayou-select-rum

Bayou Select Rum is the finest expression so far of the unique Louisiana sugarcane rum born from the rich soils of the mighty Mississippi river delta. Distilled in a copper still and aged via a solera system in both ex-bourbon and French Bordeau oak casks. Fermented with cane yeast, distilled in American copper pot stills and rested in American oak in the Louisiana heat, this classic dark rum is sure to excite rum lovers’ palates with its complex aroma, delicious flavours and sensuous finish.

Gold Medal, Best in Class
Miami Rum Renaissance Festival 2016

Category Winner
World Rum Awards 2016

Nose: Creamy vanilla with hints of apple and cinnamon.
Profile: Smooth, vanilla oak with flavours of cinnamon and maple, balancing dryness with sweetness.
Mouthfeel: Dry with long-lasting notes of oak and dark fruit.

Suggested Serve - Bayou Old Fashioned

Stir two measures of Bayou Select over four large ice cubes in a tumbler for two
minutes. Add three dashes of Angostura Bitters, 1/3 shot of sugar syrup and two more ice cubes. Stir and garnish with a twist of orange zest.

 

Bayou Spiced Spirit Drink - 40% 70cl

bayou-spiced-rum

Spiced Bayou Rum is infused with classic traditional spices with a Louisiana twist. Featuring Louisiana grown ingredients, this special gumbo of spices creates a unique and satisfying blend that makes it the perfect rum for mixing. The special blend of spices is soaked in the rum for thirty days so that the flavours really come through upon consumption. Spiced Bayou Rum livens up everything from a rum and cola to unsweetened tea or an ice cube. One sip and you’ll be hooked.

Gold Medal
Global Rum Masters 2015

Best Spiced Rum
World Rum Awards 2016

Nose: Sweet banana, vanilla and cinnamon.
Profile: Mild yet complex blend of maple, banana, allspice, clove, vanilla and pepper.
Mouthfeel: Full mouth complexity with lingering notes of Creole baking spices.

Suggested Serve - Bayou Spiced And Ginger

Stir the juice of a fresh lime into a tall glass filled with ice. Add chilled ginger beer before floating two measures of Bayou Spiced on top of the drink. Serve with a wedge of lime.


          Bumbu Rum - A True Caribbean Legend        

New to our ever expanding range of rums is Bumbu, an exquisite all-natural craft rum made with native Caribbean ingredients and aged for up to 15 years to create an effortlessly smooth and balanced rum with complexity and depth. The heritage of the production of Bumbu rum dates back to the 16th and 17th centuries, when sailors and merchants of the West Indies added Caribbean fruits and spices to their rum to enhance its flavour. This drink was dubbed with the moniker of 'Bumbu'.

Inspired by this legendary recipe, spirits enthusiasts and owners of multinational wine company Sovereign Brands, along with the seasoned distillers of the West Indies Rum Distillery, recreated a modern expression of the artisan recipe described in priceless historical accounts of the period.

Hand-crafted in small batches on the island of Barbados, Bumbu is delicately blended with some of the world’s purest water, naturally filtered by Barbados’ coral limestone. Unlike most islands in the West Indies, which are formed from volcanic rock, Barbados is a limestone island created by coral reefs. Other distilleries must filter their water - not so at Bambu’s historic Barbadian distillery which was founded in1893, as ground water is forced through the limestone and purified naturally.

 

Bumbu Naturally Flavoured Rum - 35% 70cl

Bumbu-Rum

The master distiller selects first-class sugar cane from locally sustainable farms in the world’s best cane-producing countries. With each sip of Bumbu you are taken on a journey through Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Guyana and Honduras.

A masterpiece - inside and out Encased in a heavyweight glass bottle, adorned with a tarnished pewter “X” on the front and a gilded map of the Caribbean islands across the back.

The punt of the bottle is embossed with Bumbu’s signature “X” and crowned with an oversized natural cork that is applied to each bottle by hand.

Nose: Rich and complex aromas of Madagascar vanilla, soft caramel and toasted oak.

Palate: Notes of cinnamon, roasted nuts and allspice, perfectly blended to achieve a mild sweetness.

Finish: Light and smooth.

You can buy a bottle of Bumbu by following this link.

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          Today in History: Dominican Republic        

Today in History–June 26–the Library of Congress features the Dominican Republic. On this day in 1924, U.S. troops pulled out after 8 years of occupying the Caribbean nation. Learn more about the island nation’s road to independence by visiting the Today in History section, then click the links below to access more resources related to the Dominican Republic. Country Study: Dominican Republic Dominican Republic country […]

The post Today in History: Dominican Republic appeared first on TPS-Barat Primary Source Nexus.


          Golf Writer Tours the Dominican Republic        
Noted golf writer Robert Fagan, recently played many different golf courses on a trip to the Dominican Republic. He first visited La Romana and played Teeth of the Dog course, which he had been to years before, then he made his first tour of Punta Cana golf courses. Robert played Punta Espada golf course in […]
          Patri Puntacana Golf Tournament        
Golf Magazine Top 100 Teacher Tom Patri is hosting a getaway to Puntacana Resort & Club in the Dominican Republic from March 10-14th, 2011. Highlights include a clinic featuring Patri, who gives lessons at the Quarry in Naples, and former LPGA Tour winners, practice rounds and unlimited range time, a two-day tournament, a welcome celebration […]
          Dominican Republic Golf Open Results        
winner Jesús Amaya Jesús Amaya wins the 1st Dominican Republic Golf Open. Local Dominican player Julio Santos finishes in 8th place. The first Dominican Republic Golf Open was held over the weekend 9th – 14th Nov 2010 amidst the unsurpassed scenic beauty of the challenging courses of Corales and La Cana located on the east […]
          Relay for Life team United Forces Against Cancer        
Relay for Life of Second Life team: United Forces Against Cancer (click on the image for a large view)



We come from:
Argentina - Australia - California - Canada - Chile - Colorado - Denmark - Dominican Republic - Finland - Florida - France - Germany - Greece - India - Iowa - Iran - Israel - Italy - Ireland - Japan - Lebanon - Luxemburg - Maine - Milwaukee - Montana - Morocco - Nebraska - New Hampshire - New York - North Carolina - Philippines - Poland - Portugal - Puerto Rico - Scottland - Slovenia - South Africa - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - Texas - The Netherlands - United Kingdom - Washington State

In Second Life, we worked 4 months together to fight cancer. We believe that one day there will be a cure! We are the... UNITED FORCES AGAINST CANCER!

Relay For Life of Second Life is holding its annual event this July 18-19. Relay For Life is an event that raises money to help the American Cancer Society reach its goal of a world without cancer.

This year the theme of Relay for Life of Second Life is 'One World One Hope'. As you tp into the Starting Area you will see flags from participating countries, and information about Relay for Life in different languages. In real life, Relay for Life takes place in 21 countries and here in Second Life we expect participants from at least 20 different countries around the world. With one important difference: They all walk the same track, together!

The many avatars that participate do this so that those who face cancer will be supported, that those who have lost their battle will not be forgotten, and so that one day cancer will be eliminated.

On July 18th 12pm till 19th 12pm they will do just that and everyone is invited to attend, participate and help support our fight in eliminating cancer throughout the world.

For more information you can go to Relay website event info

Teleport now to United Forces campsite at RFL

See you there and GO RELAY! :-)
Morgan Kincess





          Staying Healthy While Traveling Overseas        

(BPT) - Each year, travelers from the United States (U.S.) head to popular destinations. And while many have Zika on their mind while traveling, and are aware of the need to bring sunscreen, bug repellant and other travel necessities, many don’t know that cholera may be a bigger threat than they thought and most don’t take the necessary measures to protect themselves from it.

Cholera – an infection that affects the intestinal tract and can cause severe watery diarrhea is currently estimated to be present in over 60 countries, mostly in the Caribbean, Asia and Africa. Of the top 20 international travel destinations for U.S. travelers, five are to cholera-endemic countries, such as the Dominican Republic, Jamaica, China, India and the Philippines. Mild forms of cholera can be mistaken for traveler’s diarrhea, which can leave travelers in an uncomfortable state due to diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and mild to severe dehydration and ruin travel plans. You can get cholera by eating or drinking contaminated food and water.

Every year, millions of people around the world become ill due to cholera. However, fewer cases are reported to health authorities than the global estimates. There are more than 8 million U.S. travelers per year going to countries where cholera is endemic. In recent years, there has also been a re-emergence of cholera in Ecuador, Haiti, Cuba and Mexico. However, despite the recent re-emergence, cholera remains underreported.

Still, plans to go abroad don’t need to be canceled or changed to avoid getting sick. You can protect yourself from cholera (and other food and waterborne illnesses) by drinking clean (filtered or bottled) water, washing hands frequently and eating foods that are from sealed packages or cooked well. However, almost 98 percent of travelers do not comply with these guidelines.

Getting a vaccine before travel may also help to ensure that your travel plans are not inconvenienced by illness. The CDC recommends that adult travelers (ages 18-64) who are going to areas of active cholera transmission get vaccinated for cholera.

If you are traveling abroad to an area where cholera is present, make sure you are prepared by talking to your doctor or pharmacist at least two weeks in advance about getting vaccinated for cholera.


          Commenti su Microsoft Toolkit 2.6 Beta 5 Download! di Best beach resorts in dominican republic        
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          Daddy Bars – Choc-Full of Health Benefits        

This year, Jacques’ Father’s Day collection is made up of three chocolate bars—the Strong Daddy Bar, the Salty Daddy Bar, and the Gummy Daddy Bar—all of which feature 82% Dominican Republic single origin dark chocolate. They’re two pounds in weight and come with a mallet used to break and share (or not, it’s okay)! If […]

The post Daddy Bars – Choc-Full of Health Benefits appeared first on Jacques Torres Chocolate.


          Grupo Viamar’s 1st Invitational Golf Tournament in Casa de Campo!        

Grupo Viamar was happy to present their first golf invitational tournament last Saturday, August 5th at the La Romana Country Club. The event which recognized their 54th anniversary was in benefit of “Quiéreme como soy” and drew the participation of approximately 100 golfers from prominent businesses in the Dominican Republic to Casa de Campo’s verdant […]

The post Grupo Viamar’s 1st Invitational Golf Tournament in Casa de Campo! appeared first on Casa de Campo Living.


          The Dominican Republic wins the Hoerman Cup for the third year in a row!        

The Dominican Republic was crowned the champion of the Hoerman Cup in the 61st edition of the Amateur Golf Championships of the Caribbean that took place on The Links in Casa de Campo, where eight countries and eighty athletes participated. The Dominican Republic won the title for the third consecutive year. In 2015, they won […]

The post The Dominican Republic wins the Hoerman Cup for the third year in a row! appeared first on Casa de Campo Living.


          3 Reasons You Should Follow Us To Santo Domingo        
With new hotels, great dining and history in spades, the Dominican Republic’s capital city is ready for its close-up.
          Field Diary: Scenes from a children's ward        
UNICEF's Jennifer Bakody reflects on her visits to Haiti quake victims recovering in the Dominican Republic.
          Tropical Storm Olga and Hurricane Noel displace 61,000 in Dominican Republic        
UNICEF Representative in the Dominican Republic Tad Palac talks to UNICEF Radio about recovery from Tropical Storm Olga and Hurricane Noel.
          TerraSonic 10-08-2016 with Ewket        
Playlist:

Mulatu Astatke- Yegelle Tezeta - New YorkAddisLondon Story Of Ethio Jazz 6575
Roots Raid- Sadhu Teachings - From The Top
Various Artists- Aman Hayer Dil Nai Lagda - The Rough Guide To Bhangra Dance
CHEB NASRO- Enfin Enfin Finally - Departures
Various Artists- El Hueleguiso - The Roots Of Chicha 2 Psych Cumbias From Peru
Chico Trujillo- Pollera Amarilla - Chico De Oro
- voicebreak -
Various Artists- Los Ilusionistas Colegiala - The Roots Of Chicha 2 Psych Cumbias From Peru
La India Canela- Las Siete Pasadas - Merengue Tipico From The Dominican Republic
Slavic Soul Party- Sancti Petri - Taketron
Daude- Quatro Mennas - Daude
Various Artists- Papa Wemba Sala Keba Zaire - ONE WORLD
- voicebreak -
Ciro Hurtado- Corre Salta Y Vuela - Selva
Hurlak- Caprice Hongrois - Bucarest Blues
Debo Band- Tenesh Kelbe Lay - Debo Band
Umalali- Merua - The Garifuna Womens Project


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/81/playlistDate/2016-10-08
          La Maquina (the little machine)        
What’s good folks. This week I present to you a chica who goes by La Maquina, which loosely translated means “the little female machine”. So much meaning and definition gets lost in the english/spanish translation but you get the idea. This girl is a fairly fit, muscular, little brown fucking machine who’s stronger than the average dominican girl. I won’t bore you with the details, just play the fucking trailer and enjoy. So far as street life and the current sitation on the ground here, Things appear to be cooling off somewhat now in the sewer amidst all the chaos that had been happening in the past year and now is a great time to enjoy the dominican republic. Actually anytime between december and march during the high tourist season which lasts pretty much until the snow melts in most of the US/Canada. So there you have it. book your...

Toticos

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          Gringo guide to dating dominican girls from facebook, cupid, tagged, and badoo!        
Is there such a thing as a “good” dominican girl?? 1000+ chicas and many pesos later I would have to say no. If you ever move down to the dominican republic you will have an endless supply of fresh talent waiting to please you on demand. This can be a little hard on the wallet, indulging in the sacred act of whoremongering 5 times a day like a muslim prays. What many ex-pats and longterm gringo residents do is look to other avenues (free/cheap) of scoring quality dominican girls by going online. Dominican girls love to play with fayboo on their blahberry and spend 80% of their waking hours taking selfies and uploading to get likes. Hell, some of them even get western union sponsors this way so one can’t knock the hustle. There’s a handful of sites out there dedicated to dating dominican girls. Yes, Most of them are...

Toticos

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          Happy Hour: Super sexy redhead chica Rianna + Ashlei the playstation thief        
There are some sexy ass dominican girls that live out in the sticks away from the grimey catacombs of the Sosua barrios that are simply dimepieces. Back in America these girls could get anything they want from a sugar daddy on pension and/or disability… a condo on South Beach, a fly ass car, you name it. Fortunately here in the Dominican Republic pimpin don’t gotta do all that, cause they’re stuck on a fucking island and can’t leave without a visa which is nearly impossible to get. So don’t you trickin ass tourists worry cause all these girls on Toticos.com are gonna be here when you get off the plane. Ashlei the thief brought her friend Riana over to the crib (who actually looks BETTER than the real Rihanna) and she was supposed to get a little kickback from referring her BUT she basically pulled a jack move on her...

Toticos

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          Case news        
Most recent articles added to the case archives



Details released on child abuse arrest in North Newton

Date: 2016-02-17

By Pilar Pedraza

HARVEY COUNTY, Kan. -

Authorities in Harvey County have released new details about the arrests of two North Newton parents on child abuse charges.

Jim and Paige Nachtigal were arrested Tuesday after their three adopted children were taken into protective custody.

"This is the first time I've seen a medical diagnosis from a physician of child torture," said David Yoder, Harvey County Attorney.  "I didn't even know there was a medical diagnosis of child torture until this case."

According to Harvey County Sheriff T. Walton, North Newton police were called about a runaway child last week. The 11-year-old boy was in a field, barefoot. Police carried him to the car.

Police asked the child why he ran away.

"The child said he hadn't done his homework, that he had sinned, and that he was afraid to go back home because of the sinning that he had done," said T Walton, Harvey County Sheriff.

Story of abuse unfolds

Date: 2016-02-17

Three adopted children were removed from the Jim and Paige Nachtigal home in North Newton— a 14 year old girl, an 11 year old boy and an 11 year old girl. The oldest child was adopted about four years ago, with the 11 year old children adopted three years ago. They are not biological siblings, according to investigators.

By Chad Frey
Newton Kansan

Reaction after three children adopted from Peru have been removed from their North Newton Home and their adoptive parents arrested has ranged from rage to disbelief.

The parents, Jim and Paige Nachtigal, were active in business and ministry in the Newton community. Jim Nachtigal serves as the CEO of Kansas Christian Home. Paige Nachtigal is a former employee of the Newton Area Chamber of Commerce. Both were actively fund-raising to go to Peru as missionaries.

That reputation, and the felony charges that appeared Tuesday, led to a prayer walk around the Harvey County Courthouse and Law Enforcement Center Wednesday morning — about 30 minutes prior to a press briefing inside by the Harvey County Sheriff's office.

Three children taken into protective custody, adoptive parents arrested

Date: 2016-02-16

By Avery Anderson

NORTH NEWTON, Kansas – North Newton police said on Tuesday that they have taken three children and placed them into protective police custody.

The three children, two 11 year olds and one 14 year old, had been adopted from an orphanage in Peru.

Police say, it all started when the 11-year-old buy ran away.

“There were some concerns by the law enforcement that found him,” stated Harvey County Sheriff, T. Walton.

After officials found the young boy, Sheriff Walton says they noticed bruises all over his body.

“That’s what stemmed this investigation that was pretty intense,” said Sheriff Walton.

After an examination, it was discovered that both 11-year-old children, one boy and one girl, were severely malnourished and had multiple bruises and broken bones.

Police say the adoptive parents, Jim Nachtigal and his wife Paige, were arrested for abuse of child, aggravated child endangerment, and aggravated battery.

KSN spoke to some of the Nachigal’s neighbors, who say they had their suspicions, but had no idea that the situation was this far out of hand.

Santa Clara: Woman faces murder charge in son's bathtub drowning

Date: 2016-01-26

By Robert Salonga

SANTA CLARA -- A Santa Clara woman faces a murder charge in the alleged bathtub drowning of her 12-year-old son earlier this month, a crime she initially claimed was an accident but later confessed to under police interrogation, authorities said.

Tara McNeill Palajac, 51, was arraigned Jan. 14 in the death of her adopted son at their home on Conner Place off Forest Avenue and Winchester Boulevard. She has not entered a plea and is expected to return to court Feb. 1. The boy's Jan. 8 death and subsequent murder arrest were not publicized by Santa Clara police, appearing only in a nondescript arrest-log entry, and were first publicly acknowledged Tuesday in response to an inquiry by this newspaper. A police spokesman said the department cited the sensitivity of the case and the presence of a juvenile victim in explaining its decision not to issue a news release when the alleged crime occurred.

Sarasota couple hog-tied daughter with zip ties, kept her in playhouse, deputies say

Date: 2016-01-06

SARASOTA, Fla. (WFLA) — A Sarasota couple is jailed on felony child abuse charges after deputies say their 12-year-old daughter showed up at a neighbor’s house with her hands zip-tied together and told the neighbor that her parents kept her confined in a playhouse.

Deputies responded on Dec. 27 to a report of a possible kidnapping after the neighbor called 911 to report a young girl had knocked on his door and told him that her mother and father had bound her with zip ties and abandoned her at their home.

The girl had her hands zip-tied together and she had separate zip ties around her ankles.

The girl told investigators that Eugenio and Victoria Erquiaga restrained her with zip-ties in front of her body when she gets angry and regularly locked her in a playhouse in a loft area of the home, which is used as her bedroom. She also demonstrated to investigators how she was “hog-tied” in the front of her body. “Basically, she couldn’t move,” Lt. Joe Giasone with the Sarasota County Sheriff’s Office said.

The Dominican children given up to Quebec's 'adoption machine’

Date: 2015-09-21

At least 200 children Dominican were separated from their families in the 1980s. It wasn’t because of a famine, a hurricane or an earthquake, but because of an incredibly effective network of Quebec missionaries and adoptive parents.

By: Isabelle Hackey La Presse,

Residents of quiet Medina community shaken by suspected murder-suicide

Date: 2015-09-19

By Evan MacDonald,

MEDINA, Ohio -- Several residents of the small, quiet Medina community where three people were found dead in a suspected murder-suicide said they were stunned when investigators removed their bodies from the condo late Friday.

Detectives believe the three people found dead Friday evening in the Pinewood Estates condominium complex on Pinewood Drive are a husband, a wife and their adopted child, who was developmentally disabled. Their names have not been released.

The neighborhood was quiet Saturday afternoon. The lock was removed from the condo where officers found the three bodies, and a missed delivery notice was hanging on the condo's door.

Neighbors said the man and woman who lived in the condo were quiet, but could regularly be seen walking hand-in-hand through the complex, often with their two Jack Russell Terriers.

"They always walked hand-in-hand," neighbor Sandra Miller said. "They seemed very happy, but you never know what goes on inside someone's house."

Autumn Dawes said she barely knew the man and the woman, but that they were friendly to neighbors.

Jane Doe in Indiana becomes Fitchburg homicide; woman charged in 2007 death

Date: 2015-09-15

ED TRELEVEN

Erika Antoinette Hill was 15 years old when she disappeared in 2007 from the home in Fitchburg where had she lived with her cousins and adoptive mother.

The same year, the unidentified body of a young African-American woman was found in a garage in Gary, Indiana. For years, she remained the “Lake County Jane Doe.”

The two mysteries, seemingly far apart from one another, became linked this summer, when Erika’s cousin, for years keeping a terrible secret, contacted police in Gary and said she knew the identity of Jane Doe, because she had helped put Erika’s body in that garage, according to a criminal complaint filed in Dane County Circuit Court.

The person alleged to have ordered the woman and her siblings to move Erika’s body was her mother, Taylin M. Hill, 50, of Madison, who on Monday was charged with first-degree reckless homicide for Erika’s death. Hill also faces six counts of child abuse.

GOPer Who 'Rehomed' Daughters Not Given Award At Ted Cruz Event After All

Date: 2015-08-13

By Catherine Thompson

An Arkansas lawmaker who made headlines earlier this year when it came to light that he sent his adopted daughters to live with a man who allegedly raped one of them was supposed to receive a "courage" award Wednesday at a dinner headlined by Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX).

But at the last minute, the local Republican Party chapter hosting the dinner asked that an outside group not present the award to state Rep. Justin Harris (R) at their event.

A self-described, conservative nonprofit called Family Council Action Committee planned to present the "Power of Courage Award" to Harris and state Rep. Charlene Fite (R) at the Crawford County Republican Lincoln Day Dinner, according to a press release obtained by The Arkansas Times. The release issued Wednesday said that the two lawmakers "demonstrated courage by standing strong in faith when situations were tough at the State Capitol" and "are consistently models of their Christian values in their homes, their communities, and their churches."

Salinas women sentenced in torture, child abuse case

Date: 2015-07-17

Two Salinas women convicted of torturing and abusing their three children have been sentenced to prison terms, the Monterey County District Attorney’s Office said Friday.

Christian Deanda was sentenced to life in prison for committing torture (the maximum sentence), plus 13 years, 4 months consecutive in state prison for the remaining counts of child abuse, false imprisonment and child endangerment. Eraca Craig was also sentenced to a maximum sentence of 11 years in state prison for committing child abuse with great bodily injury, false imprisonment and child endangerment.

Unnamed parents plead guilty of abusing adopted daughter

Date: 2015-07-16

By: Greg Palmer

WICHITA, Kan. (AP) — A Wichita couple has pleaded guilty to beating and abusing a girl they were foster parents to and later adopted.

The Wichita Eagle reports the couple pleaded guilty Wednesday to charges including child abuse, aggravated battery and criminal restraint. They had denied the allegations.

The 15-year-old girl and three other children were taken into protective custody in March 2014. A child-in-need-of-care petition alleges that the girl's adoptive parents at times chained her in a basement and gave her a bucket to use as a toilet.

Authorities say the girl, who was 14 at the time, weighed just 66 pounds when she was removed from the home.

The girl and the other children remain in foster care pending the outcome of their child-in-need-of-care case.

The Eagle has not named the parents in order to protect the identity of the children.

Martin And Kathleen O’Brien: Abuse Trial Of Mom And Dad Details Horrifying Cruelty To Adopted Kids

Date: 2015-07-14

The much-anticipated child abuse trial of Martin and Kathleen O’Brien, a Wisconsin couple arrested in 2012 on charges of physically abusing children they adopted from Russia and Guatemala, finally opened last week with graphic details of the adoptive parents’ horrifying cruelty right out of a Grimm’s Fairy Tale.

The O’Briens have pleaded not guilty to the distressing charges, claiming that they are the real victims of a “herd” of foreign children who refused to adapt to their American ways, becoming uncontrollable and frightening to the O’Briens’ own biological children.

The case came to light in the summer of 2011 when a longtime neighbor of the O’Briens witnessed one of the adopted girls struggling to push a hand-operated lawnmower through tall grass on a blistering hot day, when the neighbor knew that the O’Brien family owned a riding mower.

The girl did not smile, wave, or acknowledge the neighbor in any way. Just a few weeks later, after an investigation, Child Protective Services removed five of six adopted children from the O’Briens’ home.

Former Army major and wife guilty of abusing adopted kids

Date: 2015-07-08

By Thomas Zambito

NEWARK - A federal jury convicted former Army Maj. John Jackson and his wife, Carolyn, of child endangerment and assault charges Wednesday for what prosecutors say was a cruel punishment regimen that targeted their three adopted children.

On its fifth day of deliberations, the jury found the Jacksons guilty of nearly all of the 24 charges they were facing, including conspiring to endanger the children's welfare and assault.

Prosecutors say the Jackson fed the three children -- each under the age of four at the time -- hot sauce and raw onions and broke their bones for offenses that included being too slow to get in a car seat. In addition to their three adopted children, the Jacksons have three biological children.

The Jacksons, sitting less than five feet away from one another at the defense table, did not react visibly when the verdict was delivered around 1:30 p.m. in U.S. District Court. They left the courtroom without speaking to reporters.

Judge Katharine Hayden set their sentencing date for Oct. 13, 2105.

Corona man accused of sexually abusing 13-year-old adopted son

Date: 2015-07-07

By Rob McMillan

CORONA, Calif. (KABC) -- A 54-year-old Corona man has been accused of sexually abusing one of his two adopted sons.

The victim was accompanied by his older brother when he walked up to the front counter of the Corona police station and reported the alleged abuse on June 28.

Corona police officers served a search warrant on July 2 at Patrick Michael Anderson's home in the 3200 block of Star Canyon Circle.

Neighbor Ray Tafoya says Anderson has lived in the area for a while. He, however, didn't know much about the two boys who Anderson adopted in 2012.

"My kids know of his kids, and they say that they go to intermediate school," Tafoya said.

Anderson was arrested later that day at Common Ground Corona, a spiritual community in Norco, on four felony charges, including oral copulation while the person is unconscious, sodomy, continuous sexual abuse of a child, and lewd acts with a child.

"There is no evidence at the time to support that Anderson used Common Ground Corona as a place to commit his alleged crimes," the police department said in a press release.

Longtime foster parent arrested for sexual assault

Date: 2015-07-02

Stephen Darrell Taylor, 68, of Yucaipa and his wife served as a foster family for the Arrowhead Foster Family Agency, Inc. between the years of 2002 and 2008. During that time, Stephen Taylor allegedly sexually abused two of the female foster children placed in his care. Taylor allegedly sexually abused the children for several years. The victims ranged in age from five to eleven and were eventually adopted by the Taylors. The family resided in three different homes during that time frame on Crestline Road, Mile High Road, and Fir Lane in the Crestline community. The sexual abuse continued until the children were removed by the San Bernardino County Children and Family Services in 2008 due to allegations of physical abuse. The sexual abuse was reported to the Twin Peaks Sheriff Station and turned over to the Crimes Against Children Detail because it involved a certified foster family.


          TerraSonic 03-01-2014 with Ewket        
Playlist:

Mulatu Astatke- Yegelle Tezeta - New YorkAddisLondon Story Of Ethio Jazz 6575
EA- Furia - Oripando
Emad Sayyah- Zahri Fi Sahra - Modern Belly Dance From Lebanon
Tinariwen- Chaghaybou - Emmaar
- voicebreak -
The Funkees- Abraka - Dancing Time
CHATA ADDY AND SUSUMA- Cha Che Kule - THIS IS WHAT I FEEL
- voicebreak -
AfroCubism- A Laluna Yo Me Voy - AfroCubism
- voicebreak -
Mariachi Vasquez- Y Como Quieres Que Te Quiera - El Freakaso
La India Canela- Aprietame Asi Squeeze Me Like That - Merengue Tipico From The Dominican Republic
Simbi- Nou La - Vodou Beat
NAJMA- Nikala - Atish
Jaune Toujours- All Eyes - Routes


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/81/playlistDate/2014-03-01
          GBIF abre convocatoria BID a propuestas del Caribe y el Pacífico        

GBIF invita a la presentación de propuestas de financiamiento del Caribe y el Pacífico bajo el programa de Información de Biodiversidad para el Desarrollo (BID). El financiamiento total potencialmente asignado a estas dos convocatorias es de €1.000.000, o €500.000 para cada región.

Lea las convocatorias completas para:

La primera fase del financiamiento de proyectos a través del BID proveyó cerca de €1 millón a 23 proyectos en el África sub-sahariana. Los beneficiarios incluyen 34 organizaciones de 20 países africanos, cuyos proyectos fueron merecedores de selección por un jurado internacional a partir de un grupo inicial de 143 propuestas.

Las nuevas convocatorias para el Caribe y el Pacífico buscan proyectos que:

  • Movilizarán datos de biodiversidad relacionados con áreas protegidas, especies amenazadas y especies invasoras
  • Usarán y extenderán mejores prácticas para digitalizar colecciones de historia natural y movilizar otros datos de biodiversidad
  • Aplicarán datos de biodiversidad en apoyo a la toma de decisiones e investigación
  • Desarrollarán redes nacionales, regionales o temáticas duraderas para apoyar el compartir y reutilizar datos

Tipos de financiamiento

GBIF invita propuestas en tres categorías generales de financiamiento.

  1. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad regionales que establecen o fortalecen colaboraciones internacionales para incrementar la disponibilidad y utilización de datos de biodiversidad. NOTA: Un consorcio regional debe involucrar socios de al menos tres diferentes países o territorios de ultramar de la región. El coordinador del consorcio y al menos uno de los otros socios debe estar localizados en un país de la region (ver la lista de países elegibles en el Caribe y el Pacífico). Cada socio puede recibir hasta €20.000 y el coordinador del consorcio puede recibir un máximo de €30.000.
  2. Financiamiento para movilización de datos de biodiversidad nacionales que establecen o fortalecen instalaciones de información en biodiversidad nacional e incrementar los datos de biodiversidad disponibles acerca del país para responder a prioridades nacionales. Hasta €60.000 serán puestos a disposición por financiamiento nacional.
  3. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad pequeños que movilizan datos de biodiversidad relevantes para prioridades de conservación de biodiversidad con un máximo de €5.000.

Proceso de solicitud y cronograma

Dos jurados de expertos internacionales con experiencia en las regiones respectivas, evaluará las solicitudes a través de un proceso competitivo de dos etapas.

  • Notas conceptuales iniciales, usando las plantillas provistas, debe ser entregada antes del 10 de Noviembre del 2016.
  • Basado en las recomendaciones de los jurados, GBIF invitará un grupo seleccionado de solicitantes a preparar propuestas completas, para entregar a principios de Febrero del 2017.
  • Luego de una revisión y selección final a cargo de los jurados, GBIF anunciará los proyectos a financiar en Mayo del 2017.

Las plantillas de la nota conceptual y las directrices que le acompañan están disponibles para cada uno de los tres tipos de beca en el sitio de los solicitantes al BID.

Aquellos interesados en recibir actualizaciones sobre el programa BID pueden inscribirse para recibir alertas de correo electrónico. Preguntas y solicitudes generales pueden ser enviadas a BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Este programa está financiado por la Unión Europea.

 


Nuestro agradecimiento a William Ulate, Biodiversity Heritage Library / TDWG / Missouri Botanical Garden, y Anabela Plos, GBIF Argentina, por su ayuda con la traducción al español.

Images 
Isla de manglares

Isla de manglares, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF ouvre deux appels à projets BID pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique        

GBIF invite dès maintenant à soumettre des projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique en vue d’obtenir un financement dans le cadre du programme BID (l'Information sur la Biodiversité pour le Développement). Le montant total potentiel de ces deux appels à projets est 1.000.000 €, soit 500.000 par région.

Voyez ici les appels à projets détaillés:

La première phase du projet BID a permis de financer pour près d’un million d’euros 23 projets en Afrique subsaharienne. Les bénéficiaires sont 34 organisations issues de 20 pays africains dont les projets ont été sélectionnés par un jury international parmi 143 propositions initiales.

Ce nouvel appel à projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique cible des projets visant à :

  • Mobiliser des données sur la biodiversité concernant les zones protégées, les espèces menacées et les espèces exotiques envahissantes.
  • Utiliser et étendre les bonnes pratiques pour la numérisation des collections d’histoire naturelles et la mobilisation d’autres types de données.
  • Utiliser les données de biodiversité pour la prise de décision et la recherche.
  • Développer des réseaux nationaux, régionaux et thématiques durables de façon à soutenir les activités futures de partage et de réutilisation des données.

Catégories de subventions

GBIF lance un appel à projets pour trois grandes catégories de subventions:

  1. Subventions régionales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant des collaborations internationales visant à augmenter la disponibilité et l’usage des données sur la biodiversité. A NOTER : un consortium régional doit impliquer des partenaires issus d'au minimum 3 pays / territoires d’outre-mer de la région. Le coordinateur du consortium et au moins un autre partenaire doivent être situés dans un pays ACP (voir la liste des pays éligibles dans les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique). Chaque partenaire pourra recevoir jusqu’à 20.000 €, et le coordinateur du consortium pourra recevoir jusqu’à 30.000€.
  2. Subventions nationales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant un point nodal GBIF national et visant à augmenter la quantité de données disponibles sur le pays de façon à répondre aux priorités nationales. Jusqu’à 60.000 € pourront être alloués par subvention nationale.
  3. Petites subventions pour la mobilisation de données mobilisant des données de biodiversité adaptées aux priorités en matière de conservation, pour un financement maximal de 5000 €.

Procédure et délai

Deux jurys composés d’experts internationaux ayant de l’expérience dans la région évalueront les propositions selon une procédure en deux temps :

  • Une note conceptuelle initiale utilisant le formulaire fourni devra être soumise au plus tard le 10 novembre 2016.
  • Suivant les recommandations du jury, le GBIF invitera un groupe candidats sélectionnés à préparer une proposition détaillée pour début février 2017.
  • Après une évaluation finale et une sélection par les jurys, les projets financés démarreront en avril 2017.

Le formulaire pour la note conceptuelle et les recommandations associées sont disponibles sur le site BID pour chacune des trois catégories de subventions.

Si vous souhaitez recevoir les nouvelles informations sur le programme BID, vous pouvez vous inscrire aux alertes par courriel. Les questions et demandes d’ordre général peuvent être transmises à BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Ce programme est financé par l'Union européenne.

 


Nos remerciements à Nicolas Noé, Belgian Biodiversity Platform pour le soutien de la traduction.

 

 

Images 

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific        

GBIF invites the submission of proposals for funding from the Caribbean and the Pacific through the EU-funded Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme. The total potential funding assigned to these two calls is €1,000,000, or €500,000 for each region.

Read the complete calls for:

The first phase of project funding through BID provided nearly €1 million to 23 projects in sub-Saharan Africa. The recipients include 34 organizations from 20 African countries, whose projects earned selection by an international panel from an initial pool of 143 initial proposals.

The new calls for the Caribbean and the Pacific seek projects that will:

  • Mobilize biodiversity data relating to protected areas, threatened species, and invasive alien species
  • Use and extend best practices for digitizing natural history collections and mobilizing other biodiversity data
  • Apply biodiversity data in support of decision-making and research
  • Develop lasting national, regional or thematic networks to support ongoing data sharing and reuse

Types of grants

GBIF invites proposals in three broad categories of grants.

  1. Regional biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen international collaborations to increase the availability and use of biodiversity data. NOTE: A regional consortium must involve partners from a minimum of three different countries or overseas territories from the region. The consortium coordinator and at least one other partner must be located in an ACP country (see the list of eligible countries in the Caribbean and the Pacific). Each partner can receive up to €20,000 and the consortium coordinator may receive a maximum grant of €30,000.
  2. National biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen national biodiversity information facilities and to increase the biodiversity data available about the country to respond to national priorities. Up to €60,000 will be made available per national grant.
  3. Small biodiversity data mobilization grants that mobilize biodiversity data relevant for biodiversity conservation priorities with a maximum funding of €5,000.

Application process and timeline

Two panels of international experts with experience in the respective regions will evaluate applications through a competitive two-stage process.

  • Initial concept notes, using the templates provided for the Caribbean and the Pacific, must be submitted by 10 November 2016.
  • Based on the panels’ recommendations, GBIF will invite a select group of applicants to prepare full proposals, due in early February 2017.
  • Following a final review and selection by the panels, funded projects will start in April 2017.

The concept note template and accompanying guidelines are available for each of the three grant types on the BID grantseekers’ site.

Those interested in receiving updates on the BID programme can sign up for email alerts. General questions and inquiries may be sent to BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

Images 
Mangrove island

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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          Duke cancels Dominican exhibition trip because of Coach K's knee surgery        

Duke men's basketball coach Mike Krzyzewski will have a total knee replacement surgery, leading the team to cancel this month's exhibition trip to the Dominican Republic.

The school announced Thursday the Hall of Fame coach will have the procedure this weekend on his right leg at the university...


          The Luke Scott Problem: I Know Why I Cheer for a Birther Moron, But Why Does ESPN Cheer for Him?        

Luke Scott, the starting left fielder for the Baltimore Orioles, can hit a baseball really hard. Really, really hard. The kind of booming, long-distance home runs that get called "majestic." For those of us who are Orioles fans, that is a good thing about him.



The other thing about Luke Scott—and now in most respects the bigger thing about him—is that he is a self-important jerkwater dope who likes going around

saying that Barack Obama wasn't born in America

. Not just who quietly thinks it sorta might be true, that the president of the United States is a scheming foreign impostor, but who makes sure people hear his important views on the subject, and goes on to celebrate how proud he is to believe this and how brave he is to say it.



Last week, Amy K. Nelson of ESPN wrote a

long profile of Scott,

who she identified as "one of baseball's most complex characters" and someone who "will require a deeper line of thinking."



Nope. Luke Scott, as he showed Nelson while roaming around Florida with her during spring training, is a standard-issue ignoramus, whose otherwise unfurnished mental spaces have been filled in with white-exceptionalist superpatriotism, gun-fetish paranoia, and assorted other fantasies and delusions scavenged from the county dump of red-blooded One-Hundred-Percent America.



He does hit a baseball hard, though. Man. Pow!



But Amy K. Nelson is interested in his character. Here are the complex-ish parts: he's a white ballplayer who is friendly with his Latino teammates and speaks fluent Spanish—having grown up poor in Florida. He does charitable works "with no publicity," except for the publicity that comes from letting that fact be known to a reporter profiling him for the biggest sports-media outlet in the country. And...well, no, that's it. He has nice manners.



Did I mention he hits baseballs hard? Being a sports fan, and a baseball fan in particular, means you are emotionally invested in a certain aspect of the lives and successes of people who have been rewarded, with tremendous amounts of money and fame, for doing (and being) what they did (and were) as 14-year-olds.



This does not always produce the most all-around appealing people. I have rooted for arrogant and surly players, mean drunks, bullies, phony Bible-thumpers, steroids abusers—that's who shows up, sometimes, in your team's uniform, trying to win games. Sometimes there are decent, funny, humble ones, too.  But you don't get to choose. Even if you think you're cheering for a good guy, you

might be wrong

.



So now I'm cheering for a pinhead with a race problem. I'd love to convince myself I'm not, but Nelson's article really leaves no room. He calls his Latino buddies "savage" and "animal"—and "bogeyman," for the especially dark-skinned Felix Pie, the Orioles' other left fielder. They are dear friends, Pie and Scott. Scott took it upon himself to improve the younger Pie's character when Pie, a former can't-miss prospect for the Cubs, came to Baltimore. Among the tools of improvement, he told Nelson, is a bag of plantain chips:


"So I throw bananas in his helmet. Here are my banana chips to remind him that whenever he acts like an animal, 'Hey, that's what other people are thinking. They're just not telling you, but that's what they're thinking about. And I'm telling you so that you're aware of that so you can make a cognitive decision to not behave like that.'"

Luke Scott is very attuned to the possibility that white people will see nonwhite people as animals. Especially if the white people are disgusted by a nonwhite person's "cognitive decision." A nonwhite person needs a white person to explain how to make correct cognitive decisions, and decisions about values, and all the other sorts of judgments that our Founders made, when this country still believed in accountability and hard work. Etc.



Nelson was not interested in criticizing or unpacking this point of view—or really, any point of view. Here's her account of the fallout from the radio interview during the offseason when Scott first decided to take his birther views public:


But negative reaction cascaded, too, with some bloggers saying that evidence Obama was born in Hawaii is overwhelming and that Scott must be a racist or a moron, or both.

Yes:

some bloggers say that the evidence that Obama was born in Hawaii is overwhelming

. Other people have other views. People disagree! It sure is confusing.



Nelson also recounted a scene in which Scott lets Pie play around with his Sig Sauer 556 in his gun-crowded condominium.


Scott, wearing a black baseball cap backward that reads "In God We Trust," walks back into the kitchen and tells us he keeps guns all over his house, even in the kitchen cabinets, and always within reach -- you never know when a criminal could strike, he says.

[...]

As we leave for the gun range, Scott stuffs a pistol into the side of the sofa cushion.

Nelson did not mention, as the Orioles bonded at this gun party, that one of Scott's teammates was unavailable:

Alfredo Simon

, Baltimore's closer last year, was in prison in the Dominican Republic when spring training began, after being implicated in a fatal shooting over New Year's. Accounts varied as to whether it was a case of sloppy celebratory gunfire or some sort of fight, and charges may still be pending. Guns! They are a form of freedom. Especially when you leave them stuffed in the furniture.



Screwing around with guns in front of a national reporter, while a case of manslaughter or worse was hanging over his ballclub, was a piss-poor cognitive decision. Some leagues would find a way to discipline a player reckless and self-centered enough to do that. But Scott seems hell-bent on becoming the Carrie Prejean of baseball, and it won't do the Orioles any good to help him along the way.



Behind the free-speech and image-management problems, there's a baseball problem. Nelson got that wrong, too, describing Scott as a player "who has always been consistent." In fact, he's a bizarre hot-and-cold hitter, a guy who can flail his way through an

0-for-20 stretch

, or suddenly start belting pitch after pitch into the far end of the bleachers.



So far this year, he's not hitting. This spring the Orioles gave Scott's old job as designated hitter to free agent Vladimir Guerrero, and moved Scott to left. His best buddy Pie—a sloppy-looking but much better defender—went to the bench. None of the three is hitting. Catchable fly balls are dropping in left field.



Under the circumstances, I don't care about his personality or politics. Those matter inasmuch as the O's will probably need to trade somebody, at some point, to clean up the outfield/DH roster, and it would be nice if they could make it a pure baseball decision, without either side of the deal having to worry about bad publicity (or the risk of someone flopping down on Scott's couch and catching a stray round).



So the best thing from Baltimore's point of view is to ignore Scott and hope he shuts up. What ESPN is trying to do—letting Scott talk, while pretending not to understand what he says—is harder to figure out.




          Yordano Ventura Killed in Car Accident        
Yordano Ventura, of the Kansas City Royals, was killed in a car accident in his native Dominican Republic on Sunday. He was 25. Ventura was killed on the Juan Adrián highway in San Jose de Ocoa, according to Colonel Jacobo Mateo Moquete, director of communications for the military and police of the Dominican Republic. Moquete […]
          Growing Up Pedro: How the Martinez Brothers Made It from the Dominican Republic All the Way to the Major Leagues        
Growing Up Pedro: How the Martinez Brothers Made It from the Dominican Republic All the Way to the Major Leagues
author: Matt Tavares
name: CBC Diversity
average rating: 4.25
book published: 2015
rating: 0
read at:
date added: 2015/02/18
shelves: age-7-to-12, immigrant-experience, caribbean, hispanic-latino
review:


          Judge rules Dominican priest to be held in altar boy’s death        
SANTO DOMINGO, Dominican Republic — A Dominican judge has found enough evidence to hold a Catholic priest in jail for a year after police detained him in the killing of a 16-year-old who once served as an altar boy in his church. Prosecutors in the Dominican Republic said Thursday that Fernelis Carrion was hit twice […]
          New Releases in African American Intellectual History        
New books and research in African American history and culture. Recent or soon-to-be published books, which the African American Intellectual History Society feels would be of interest to readers. Regrettably the cost for some puts these out of reach of many - but there is always your public or school library. Suggest that these be ordered.

Below are new books in African American intellectual history soon to be published or already published within the last 6 months. A few of these are not historical works but will likely be of interest to our readers nevertheless. This is by no means a comprehensive list so please feel free to comment with your own recently published or forthcoming works as well as any other suggestions for works to include.

Michelle M. Wright, Physics of Blackness: Beyond the Middle Passage Epistemology (University of Minnesota Press, February 2015)

Lewis R. Gordon, What Fanon Said: A Philosophical Introduction to His Life and Thought (Fordham University Press, April 2015).

Stephen A. Berrey, The Jim Crow Routine: Everyday Performances of Race, Civil Rights, and Segregation in Mississippi (University of North Carolina Press, April 2015)

Mia E. Bay, Farah J. Griffin, Martha S. Jones, and Barbara D. Savage, eds. Toward an Intellectual History of Black Women (University of North Carolina Press, April 2015)

Judith Madera, Black Atlas: Geography and Flow in Nineteenth-Century African American Literature (Duke University Press, June 2015)

Gary Totten, African American Travel Narratives from Abroad: Mobility and Cultural Work in the Age of Jim Crow (University of Massachusetts Press, June 2015)

LaKisha Michelle Simmons, Crescent City Girls: The Lives of Young Black Women in Segregated New Orleans (University of North Carolina Press, July 2015)

Douglas Field, All Those Strangers: The Art and Lives of James Baldwin (Oxford University Press, July 2015)

Stella Bolaki and Sabine Broeck, eds. Audre Lord's Transnational Legacies (University of Massachusetts Press, July 2015)

Shannon King, Whose Harlem is This, Anyway?: Community Politics and Grassroots Activism during the New Negro Era (NYU Press, July 2015)

Andrew E. Kersten and Clarence Lang, eds. Reframing Randolph: Labor, Black Freedom, and the Legacies of A. Philip Randolph (NYU Press, July 2015)

Stephanie J. Shaw, W.E.B. Du Bois and the Souls of Black Folk (University of North Carolina Press, August 2015)

Anthony Pinn, Humanism: Essays on Race, Religion and Popular Culture (Bloomsbury Academic, August 2015)

Gary Murrell, "The Most Dangerous Communist in the United States": A Biography of Herbert Aptheker (University of Massachusetts Press, August 2015)

Eric Gardner, Black Print Unbound: The Christian Recorder, African American Literature, and Periodical Culture (Oxford University Press, August 2015)

Aldon Morris, The Scholar Denied: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology (University of California Press, August 2015)

Herbert Robinson Marbury, Pillars of Cloud and Fire: The Politics of Exodus in African American Biblical Interpretation (NYU Press, August 2015)

James Zeigler, Red Scare Racism and Cold War Black Radicalism (University Press of Mississippi, August 2015)

Bill V. Mullen, Un-American: W.E.B. Du Bois and the Century of World Revolution (Temple University Press, September 2015)

A Yemisi Jimoh and Françoise N. Hamlin, eds. These Truly Are the Brave: An Anthology of African American Writings on War and Citizenship (University Press of Florida, September 2015)

Kimberly Juanita Brown, The Repeating Body: Slavery's Visual Resonance in the Contemporary (Duke University Press, September 2015)

Rashad Shabazz, Spacializing Blackness: Architectures of Confinement and Black Masculinity in Chicago (University of Illinois Press, September 2015)

L. H. Stallings, Funk the Erotic: Transaesthetics and Black Sexual Cultures (University of Illinois Press, September 2015)

Gerald Horne, Confronting Black Jacobins: The U.S., the Haitian Revolution, and the Origins of the Dominican Republic (Monthly Review Press, October 2015)

Tanisha C. Ford, Liberated Threads: Black Women, Style, and the Global Politics of Soul (University of North Carolina Press, October 2015)

Sherie M. Randolph, Florynce "Flo" Kennedy: The Life of a Black Feminist Radical (University of North Carolina Press, October 2015)

Ed Pavlic, Who Can Afford to Improvise?: James Baldwin and Black Music, the Lyric and the Listeners (Oxford University Press, October 2015)

Michael Javen Fortner, Black Silent Majority: The Rockefeller Drug Laws and the Politics of Punishment (Harvard University Press, October 2015)

Uri McMillan, Embodied Avatars: Genealogies of Black Feminist Art and Performance (NYU Press, October 2015)

Petra R. Rivera-Rideau, Remixing Reggaeton: The Cultural Politics of Race in Puerto Rico (Duke University Press, October 2015)

Jervette R. Ward, ed. Real Sister: Stereotypes, Respectability, and Black Women in Reality TV (Rutgers University Press, Oct/Nov 2015)

Travis L. Gosa and Erik Nielson, eds. The Hip Hop & Obama Reader (Oxford University Press, November 2015)

Jermaine Singleton, Cultural Melancholy: Readings of Race, Impossible Mourning, and African American Ritual (University of Illinois Press, November 2015)

Tyina Steptoe, Houston Bound: Culture and Color in a Jim Crow City (University of California Press, November 2015)

Phillip Brian Harper, Abstractionist Aesthetics: Artistic Form and Social Critique in African American Culture (NYU Press, December 2015)

Jeremy Matthew Glick, The Black Radical Tragic: Performance, Aesthetics, and the Unfinished Haitian Revolution (NYU Press, January 2016)

Kenneth Janken, The Wilmington Ten: Violence, Injustice, and the Rise of Black Politics in the 1970s (University of North Carolina Press, January 2016)

Robert S. Levine, The Lives of Frederick Douglass (Harvard University Press, February 2016)

Manisha Sinha, The Slave's Cause: A History of Abolition (Yale University Press, February 2016)

Gerald Horne, Paul Robeson: The Artist as Revolutionary (Pluto Press, February 2016)

[Christopher Cameron is an Assistant Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. His research and teaching interests are in African American and early American history, especially abolitionist thought, liberal religion, and secularism. His first book, entitled To Plead Our Own Cause: African Americans in Massachusetts and the Making of the Antislavery Movement (Kent State University Press, 2014).]

The African American Intellectual History Society Inc. (AAIHS) is a scholarly organization founded in January 2014 to foster dialogue about researching, writing, and teaching black thought and culture. African American intellectual history is a growing and thriving subfield and we believe that the AAIHS and its blog can play a role in fostering that growth for years to come. We are open to scholars in all disciplines, including but not limited to African American history, literature, philosophy, art, dance, and film. We likewise welcome scholars working on the African Diaspora.


          Duke coach Mike Krzyzewski to have knee replacement surgery        
The Blue Devils' scheduled trip to the Dominican Republic later this month has been canceled.
          My Apologies        
I would like to apologize for the inaccuracy of my math regarding the amount of dollars per person for Haiti and The Dominican Republic in reference to my article "Donations Equal 11 Million Dollars Per Person For Haiti". I did however state in the article that Math was not one of my better subjects.

I want it to be known that my intentions were never to prevent aid from those in need but instead to bring to light the dire need of the middle and lower income families of America.

Again I apologies and intend to triple check my math equations in the future.

Sincerely,

Tyla McClanahan
http://off2thetop.blogspot.com
          Donations Equal 11 Million Dollars Per Person For Haiti        
Math is not one of my better subjects, but all the resources I have access to show that the conversion of square kilometers into square miles is a simple equation. You just take the number of square kilometers and multiply it by .386 which should equal total square miles.

The cia.gov website calculates the total land mass of Haiti and The Dominican Republic is 76,070 square kilometers. So all we have to do is multiply that number by .386 in order to convert it into square miles. The equation seems simple, but after multiplying a compound series of numbers (ones divided by comma's) by a decimal series of numbers (ones divided by decimal's) what position does the comma and decimal hold at that point? I think I'm going to leave that one to the mathematicians of the world, but I did however figure out the following equation (I know you could of too).

The cia.gov website shows the total population for Haite and The Dominican Republic (both of which reside on Hispaniola island) to be 18,685,590. In researching reports from several news and web resources there is over 208 million dollars in aid being sent to this island. That number does not include supplies, food or other assistance being provided throughout the World. Well, if you divide the number of dollars sent to Haiti by the population listed above (which includes The Dominican Republic) it equal 11 million dollars per person.

I find this staggering! 80% of Americans will never earn 11 million dollars in a lifetime and they actually work for a living. What the heck is going on? If I could afford the plane ticket I would move to Haiti right now. At least I wouldn't have to worry about how I'm going to put food on the table every month. The weather looks superb and I'd have no problem living under a tent for a year with the knowledge that 11 million dollars was set aside for my new life. This a gross injustice to our society!

          Blogger Questions Validity Of Haiti Earthquake        


Haite and The Dominican Republic both populate and island known as Hispaniola. I began researching the history of the island of Hispaniola after news that an alleged 7.0 magnitude earthquake devastated the people of Haiti (located on the island of Hispaniola) on January 12, 2010. During my research I was unable to find answers to certain questions using online resources. I also found that much of the information online contradictory from site to site . I would like to share my concerns in the hopes that the outstanding scientists of this great nation may read this article and find the answers in which I could not.

1. Studies would speculate that Hispaniola island was once connected to Cuba, but broke off due to global climate changes and other natural phenomenons. The photo above shows how Hispaniola island would fit into Cuba like a piece of a puzzle.

2. If Hispaniola was once a piece of Cuba, but broke off many years ago due to environmental elements, what is the distance between the bottom of the island Hispaniola and the floor of the North Atlantic Ocean in which is resides.

3. The only information I could find regarding the land density of Haiti is that it is only 150 ft. below sea level(that information may or may not be correct). The greatest known depth in the Caribbean Sea is between Cuba and Jamaica and is estimated at 25,216ft. Can an earthquake supposedly registering 7.0 on the Richter scale occur on an island that is not connected to a continent or to the earths core and is 25,066 ft. above the oceans floor?

4. Wikipedia online states that Hispaniola island ( which Haiti and The Dominican Republic reside) is the second largest island in the Caribbean and that it has an area of 76,480 km2(square kilometers). 76,480 km2 converted into miles is 29.3437 mi2(miles squared). That would mean that the island's area is only 29 square miles in size. This document link http://www.jstor.org/pss/142118 gives measurements in square miles that show a comma after the number 29 instead of a decimal point and therefore do not match my findings. The document further indicates that the total population(Haiti and The Dominican Republic combined)is 5,233,056 squared. Are my calculations incorrect? If Hispaniola island only has an area of 29mi2 is it really possible for it to be occupied by that many people.

5. We have been taught that Columbus discovered American in 1492. There are numerous accounts online claiming that Hispaniola was discovered by Columbus in 1492 as well. Given their means of transportation in 1492 I find this to be impossible.

These question, which should be so easily answered, are leading me to question the validity of this natural disaster in Haiti. The loss of any human life is tragic regardless of the circumstances, race, age or nationality. But if it is found that this situation is fraudulent in any way, in my eyes, that would be the biggest tragedy of all time.

          NYS Dive Team Finds Dead Body of Cornell Student in Ithaca Falls Gorge        
Perez Ventura, found dead in the Ithaca Falls gorge on Saturday evening, was an incoming Cornell student born in the Dominican Republic.
          Makarios: A Rising Tide        
KLRU Highlights
KLRU presents a new documentary by an Austin filmmaker focusing on an Austin humanitarian effort. Makarios: A Rising Tide is a documentary that examines a pre-school tucked away in a remote village in the Dominican Republic and its efforts to end … more
          When Nashla Bogaert came to Casa de Campo…        

We love seeing celebrities in Casa de Campo, and we really LOVE it when they come and live it up like one of the Casa de Campo community… which as the wife of a life-long Casa de Campo-er (David Maler), she practically is! So when Nashla Bogaert, one of the Dominican Republic’s most well-known actresses, […]

The post When Nashla Bogaert came to Casa de Campo… appeared first on Casa de Campo Living.


          Hanley Ramirez enjoys vacation in Casa de Campo        

Do you remember our list of the top 10 sports stars in Casa de Campo? Well guess what? That list just keeps on growing! For example, famous Dominican baseball player Hanley Ramirez was just in Casa de Campo enjoying a short vacation! Hanley Ramirez from Samaná province in the northeastern part of the Dominican Republic, is currently the […]

The post Hanley Ramirez enjoys vacation in Casa de Campo appeared first on Casa de Campo Living.


          High Court Strikes Down Law Favoring Unwed Mothers Over Unwed Fathers        
The U.S. Supreme Court has struck down a federal law based on what the justices called "stunning stereotypes" — among them that most men care little about their children born out of wedlock. Under the law, a child born abroad to an unwed American mother automatically becomes a U.S. citizen if the mother previously lived in the U.S. for a period of at least one year. In contrast, the child of an unwed father can't become a U.S. citizen unless the father has lived in the U.S. for a continuous period of five years, two of them when he was over the age of 14. Now, the Supreme Court has ruled that the different gender lines drawn by Congress violate the Constitution's guarantee of equal protection of the law. An immigrant seeking citizenship The case was brought by Luis Ramón Morales-Santana, born in the Dominican Republic to unwed parents — a mother from the DR and a U.S.-citizen father who had been working on a construction project there. Morales-Santana's father fell 20 days short of the
           Estratigrafía del Cretácico Superior de la Cordillera Oriental de la República Dominicana Upper Cretaceous stratigraphy of the forearc deposits outcropping in the Oriental Cordillera (Dominican Republic)         
García-Senz, J. y Monthel, J. y Díaz de Neira, J.A. y Hernaiz Huerta, P.P. y Calvo Sorando, José Pedro y Escuder Viruete, J. (2007) Estratigrafía del Cretácico Superior de la Cordillera Oriental de la República Dominicana. Boletín geológico y minero, 118 (2). pp. 269-292. ISSN 2253-6167
           La estratigrafía de la Sierra de Neiba (República Dominicana) The stratigraphy of Sierra de Neiba (Dominican Republic)         
Hernáiz Huerta, P.P. y Díaz de Neira, J.A. y García-Senz, J. y Deschamps, I. y Lopera, E. y Escuder Viruete, J. y Ardévol Oró, Ll. y Granados, L. y Calvo Sorando, José Pedro y Pérez-Estaún, A. (2007) La estratigrafía de la Sierra de Neiba (República Dominicana). Boletín geológico y minero, 118 (2). pp. 313-336. ISSN 2253-6167
          Duke cancels Dominican exhibition trip because of Coach K's knee surgery        

Duke men's basketball coach Mike Krzyzewski will have a total knee replacement surgery, leading the team to cancel this month's exhibition trip to the Dominican Republic.

The school announced Thursday the Hall of Fame coach will have the procedure this weekend on his right leg at the university...


          Ksso's scuba dive in Viva Shallow        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Bayahibe, Viva Shallow - Depth: 9.5m, duration: 70mins - buddies: - species spotted : Hippocampus, Acanthostracion polygonius Poey, 1876, Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841, Stegastes diencaeus (Jordan and Rutter, 1897), Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758), Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804), Equetus punctatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), Heteroconger longissimus Günther, 1870, Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier, 1829), Pseudupeneus maculatus (Bloch, 1793), Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758, Cephalopholis cruentata (Lacepède, 1802), Urobatis jamaicensis (Cuvier, 1816), Hippocampus ingens Girard, 1858 - Notes: Incredible dive : 2 seahorses, 4 stone fishes, one ray every 5 meters, pufferfish, trumpetfish, lionfish (juvenile and adult), "cavalier" juvenile & adult..... perfectly mindblowing ! Philippe took pictures, hope to get a hold on them soon :)
          Ksso's scuba dive in Viva Shallow        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Bayahibe, Viva Shallow - Depth: 8.2m, duration: 17mins - buddies: - species spotted : Acanthostracion polygonius Poey, 1876, Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841, Stegastes diencaeus (Jordan and Rutter, 1897) - Notes: We dove straight after St George to go check out the seahorses - bad news when we reached their place I started having itches/tickles in the side of the neck (?). Since previous dive was deep I said we cancel and made a 10min 5m deco stop... Most probably it's a jellyfish sting but... who knows... Still haven't seen those sea horses :/
          Ksso's scuba dive in St. George Wreck        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Bayahibe, St. George Wreck - Depth: 43.5m, duration: 27mins - buddies: - species spotted : Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771), Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) - Notes: One big barracuda interested in Philippe's shiny regulator. Went through the wreck on lower and upper decks - amazing experience! Little start of narcosis after the 43.5m touchdown
          Ksso's scuba dive in Viva Shallow        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Bayahibe, Viva Shallow - Depth: 9.2m, duration: 69mins - buddies: - species spotted : Syacium gunteri Ginsburg, 1933, Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804), Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841, Equetus punctatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), Acanthostracion polygonius Poey, 1876, Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758), Heteroconger longissimus Günther, 1870, Gymnothorax moringa (Cuvier, 1829), Sepioteuthis sepioidea (Blainville, 1823), Pseudosquilla ciliata (J. C. Fabricius, 1787) - Notes: Beautiful dive, a bunch of stigngrays, plenty tiny morays, one juvenile lionfish and even a gorgeous flatfish and a playful cuttlefish. Very shallow but so beautiful ! There are 2 seahorses and a couple of frogfishes - but we missed them - need to go back !
          Ksso's scuba dive in Guaragao I        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Bayahibe, Guaragao I - Depth: 12.2m, duration: 52mins - buddies: - species spotted : Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804), Sargocentron coruscum (Poey, 1860), Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Carangoides ruber (Bloch, 1793), Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841, Chaetodon capistratus Linnaeus, 1758, Equetus punctatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), Acanthostracion polygonius Poey, 1876, Heteroconger longissimus Günther, 1870 - Notes: Reef with 3 caves, one of which is supposed to be home to a nurse shark - but no luck it was nursing away today! Pretty similar to the previous dive, plenty squirrelfish, lionfish, a few rays, trumpetfish, pufferfishes... Beautiful jellyfish awaiting us on exit.
          Ksso's scuba dive in Acuario        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Bayahibe, Acuario - Depth: 12.4m, duration: 52mins - buddies: - species spotted : Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804), Sargocentron coruscum (Poey, 1860), Carangoides ruber (Bloch, 1793), Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841, Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758), Epinephelus striatus (Bloch, 1792), Chaetodon capistratus Linnaeus, 1758, Dasyatis say (Lesueur, 1817), Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771), Pseudosynanceia melanostigma Day, 1875, Stegastes diencaeus (Jordan and Rutter, 1897), Equetus punctatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801), Acanthostracion polygonius Poey, 1876, Pseudupeneus maculatus (Bloch, 1793), Diodon holocanthus Linnaeus, 1758 - Notes: Reef with plenty life, a huge barracuda passed by during the dive. Played with a little shrimp while Mike was taking pics. HUGE hermit crab in a big shell. Nice stonefish swimming and landing on a rock. Tried the ikelite housing - seems like the fix was a success.
          Ksso's scuba dive in The Aquarium        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Catalina Island, The Aquarium - Depth: 11.5m, duration: 64mins - buddies: - species spotted : Echidna catenata (Bloch, 1795), Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804), Carangoides ruber (Bloch, 1793), Sargocentron coruscum (Poey, 1860), Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841, Epinephelus striatus (Bloch, 1792), Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758), Chaetodon striatus Linnaeus, 1758, Chaetodon capistratus Linnaeus, 1758, Ophiomyxa flaccida (Say, 1825) - Notes: Shallow dive with loads of sea life. The journey started with a playful eel that started dancing for us around its rock - beautiful spectacle. Huge grouper plenty baby fish all over the place, one nice sea star found under a rock
          Ksso's scuba dive in The Wall        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Catalina Island, The Wall - Depth: 34.3m, duration: 41mins - buddies: - species spotted : Eretmochelys imbricata (LINNAEUS) 1766, Panulirus argus (Latreille, 1804), Carangoides ruber (Bloch, 1793), Caranx crysos (Mitchill, 1815), Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Sargocentron coruscum (Poey, 1860), Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) - Notes: Deep wall (35m) the dive started by a 5 mins journey to the start of the wall .. and we caught glimpse of a huge turtle ! Unfortunately she wasn't very friendly and swam away Funniest fact was a small cavity with 2 lobsters and one lion fish living together in an awkward mixed family
          Ksso's scuba dive in Atlantic Princess        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Bayahibe, Atlantic Princess - Depth: 12.7m, duration: 57mins - buddies: - species spotted : Narcine brasiliensis (Olfers, 1831), Sargocentron coruscum (Poey, 1860), Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841, Epinephelus striatus (Bloch, 1792), Heteroconger longissimus Günther, 1870 - Notes: Smallish sunk boat, amazing coral garder all around the place with a nice ray (electric ?) plenty shrimps, one huge lobster and plenty garden eels. The dive ended up in a swim through the main cabin and out up the upper deck
          Ksso's scuba dive in St. George Wreck        
Dive spot: Dominican Republic, Bayahibe, St. George Wreck - Depth: 38.2m, duration: 30mins - buddies: - species spotted : Malacoctenus triangulatus Springer, 1959, Labrisomus bucciferus Poey, 1868, Scarus vetula Bloch and Schneider, 1801, Sparisoma viride (Bonnaterre, 1788), Carangoides ruber (Bloch, 1793), Selar crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793), Aulostomus maculatus Valenciennes, 1841, Cephalopholis cruentata (Lacepède, 1802), Epinephelus striatus (Bloch, 1792), Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) - Notes: Awesome wreck site - did not swim through though. Plenty life, one huge grouper hidden in the dark in the loading bay Pretty deep dive ! One of the push button of my ikelite housing broke - water flooded in and camera is in a shrodinger state :D Deepstop 15m
          Should the U.S. Be Sending Criminals to El Salvador?        
The Dialogue's Latin American Advisor recently asked Dan Stein (president of the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR) in Washington), Douglas Farah (president of IBI Consultants), Christine Wade (professor of political science and international studies at Washington College in Chestertown, Md), and Adam Blackwell (vice president for international at Development Services Group and former Canadian ambassador to the Dominican Republic) to comment on whether the U.S. should be sending criminals to El Salvador.
What will be the security and economic effects of increased deportations to El Salvador? How should the Salvadoran government address the threat of increased violence as a result of gang members returning to Salvadoran soil? Should the United States do more to address the consequences of increased deportations of Salvadorans from the United States?
The deportations of hundreds, if not thousands, of gang members from the US to El Salvador is likely to make conditions in that country worse. We all know that the country's public and private sectors are not prepared to deal with the massive influx of its citizens from the US, regardless of whether they are hardworking and honorable people or whether they have been involved in criminal activity in the US or in El Salvador. Here is the end of Christine Wade's answer
The United States has a moral obligation to assist El Salvador in addressing the consequences of increased deportations, as El Salvador’s present-day security crisis is a direct outcome of U.S. policy in the country. Moreover, current U.S. policy in the region defies logic and the national interest. These deportations will exacerbate the security and displacement crises, strain El Salvador’s economy, and increase migration, placing pressure on both Mexico and the United States 
The US not only has a moral obligation to assist El Salvador with the repatriation of these individuals but it is in its national interest. None of what was discussed at this week's summit in Miami will matter if the US deports large numbers of Salvadorans to the country without a plan backed up by resources. One way to help would be to replace TPS with a path to citizenship.
          FamilySearch: Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic among 3 million new record sets        

New Historic Records on FamilySearch: Week of June 28, 2017

SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH, (26 June 2017), This week 3 million New York City marriage licenses were published, plus nearly 3 million for Find a Grave records and millions of new browsable images and indexed records from Argentina, Austria, Belgium, Bolivia, Chile, Dominican Republic, England, Italy, Netherlands, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, the Philippines, South Africa, Scotland, and the BillionGraves Index. Search these new free records and more at FamilySearch by clicking on the links in the interactive table below. Find and share this announcement easily online in the FamilySearch Newsroom.

Searchable historic records are made available on FamilySearch.org through the help of thousands of volunteers from around the world. These volunteers transcribe (index) information from digital copies of handwritten records to make them easily searchable online. More volunteers are needed (particularly those who can read foreign languages) to keep pace with the large number of digital images being published online at FamilySearch.org. Learn more about volunteering to help provide free access to the world's historic genealogical records online at FamilySearch.org/indexing.

Collection
Indexed Records
Digital Images
Comments
9,601
0
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4,987
0
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4,719
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21,919
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519,990
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311,909
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79,045
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16,372
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2,969,879
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317,650
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389,073
30,389
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505,027
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93,143
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          These Days, Business Travel By Trump's Sons Is Costly And Complicated         
In early January, Eric Trump took a trip to Uruguay to check progress on an unfinished Trump tower. About a month later, he was in the Dominican Republic, seeing whether an earlier resort project could be revived. He joined his brother, Donald Jr., a couple of weeks later at a ribbon-cutting ceremony for a Trump-branded golf course in Dubai. Then the two popped up earlier last week in Vancouver, Canada, for the opening of a new Trump hotel. Since Donald Trump became president, his sons' business travel has become much more complicated and expensive, especially when the travel is overseas, says Brendan Doherty , a U.S. Naval Academy professor who has tracked presidential travel for more than a decade. He says the president's sons are guaranteed round-the-clock Secret Service protection. Overseas trips usually involve coordination with local security forces, and often, U.S. embassies. "When you have a presidential family like the Trump family that is so involved in international business
          Anonymous Proxy List - May 06, 2013        
Proxy Address:Port:Country

190.166.47.187:8080:HTTPS:Dominican Republic
41.208.68.20:3128:HTTPS:Libyan Arab Jamahiriya
54.251.150.254:80:HTTP:United States
54.251.150.255:80:HTTP:United States
64.145.83.252:11493:HTTPS:United States
66.54.126.45:8080:HTTPS:Jamaica
77.94.48.4:80:HTTP:Turkmenistan
84.200.69.94:7808:HTTPS:Germany
183.89.44.114:3128:HTTPS:Thailand
188.115.144.209:3128:HTTPS:Ukraine
200.23.246.200:80:HTTP:Mexico
178.18.17.211:3128:HTTPS:United States
180.183.174.243:3128:HTTPS:Thailand
91.228.53.28:3128:HTTPS:Germany
116.50.153.66:3128:HTTPS:Philippines
211.195.207.62:8080:HTTPS:Korea

          Comment on Cherry Ginger Chicken with Currant by resorts near the beach in dominican republic        
<strong>... [Trackback]</strong> [...] Read More on|Read More|Find More Informations here|Here you can find 75335 additional Informations|Informations on that Topic: pbs.org/food/recipes/cherry-ginger-chicken-with-currant/ [...]
          Sister Sanctuaries to Protect Endangered Whales        
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has established a 'sister sanctuary' arrangement between Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary off the coast of Massachusetts and the Marine Mammal Sanctuary of the Dominican Republic, two marine protected areas 3,000 miles apart that provide conservation programs for the same population of humpback whales.
          Obama's Challenge and the FilAm Response        
Published Setp. 29, 2008
INQUIRER.net

One of the interesting moments in last Friday’s presidential debate was when Barack Obama blasted past American foreign policy of supporting allies who are undemocratic, even tyrannical leaders -- a policy in which Washington says, “He may be a dictator, but he is our dictator.”

It was clearly a play on how former US Secretary of State Cordell Hull described Rafael Trujillo when he was dictator of the Dominican Republic in the 1930s: “He may be a son-of-a-bitch, but he’s our son-of-a-bitch."

On Friday, Obama was referring to the ousted Pakistani leader Pervez Musharraf, who came to power in a coup that deposed a democratically elected president, and whom Washington eventually supported and coddled.

He was essentially sending a strong message to leaders who would follow in the footsteps of Trujillo, Musharraf and even Marcos. And that convinced me even more that for the Philippines, a President Obama would usher in an exciting era in US-Philippine relations.

On the other hand, John McCain came across as John McCain: the former fighter pilot who is bold, daring to the point of being reckless and impetuous. That sometimes works in war. But it often doesn’t. And it surely can lead to disastrous results when dealing with more complex issues, such as a financial meltdown.

In the days leading up to the debate, McCain seemed to be blasting away without any clear target or objective. He said the fundamentals of the US economy were strong, then later tried to backtrack and even called for the firing of the highly respected head of the Securities and Exchange Commission. Then he suddenly suspended his campaign, purportedly to help solve the crisis, and called for the debate to be postponed. But he ended up playing a bit role in the negotiations. And some lawmakers even said that his political stunt derailed the sensitive talks.

These were bold, daring, attention-grabbing moves. But what was the point?

As many people expected, McCain displayed a slight edge in foreign policy expertise during the debate. But as many pundits also stated, he needed to make up for three days of seeming incoherence and pointless impetuousness by clearly out-debating the newcomer on the U.S. political scene.

But that didn’t happen.

Obama showed himself to be intellectually engaged and politically pragmatic. He also was incredibly cool, a trait which will be critical for the next US president who will have to deal with two wars, a slowing economy and a financial system that’s rapidly falling apart.

The bad news is that the race is still tight, and presidential debates, historically, have not had much of an impact on the outcomes of elections. John Kerry outperformed George W. Bush four years ago, but that didn’t matter.Many reasons have been cited for why the race is so close, despite the clear unpopularity of the Republicans. Let’s go straight to a critical reason: Obama is only slightly ahead of McCain because of his race.

Sadly, race is an issue even for Filipino Americans. I already discussed my views on this issue in a previous column in February. And since then, I’ve only heard more examples of our own brand of racism and ignorance, of judging a leader’s potential based on skin color.

But there have also been signs of hope.

“It will now depend on ground operations in which Obama has an advantage,” Francis Calpotura, a veteran community organizer in Oakland who founded the League of Filipino Students-USA back in the 1980s, told me. “Para sa akin (to me), it will still boil down to this question: Would older (40-60 yrs) white voters in those swing states be ready to elect a black president?”

He added, “What would be good to see is what Filipinos in Nevada would do. That's why I'm going to Reno and hopefully reach out to the Filipinos there.”

Calpotura was among the leaders of a group of Filipino American activists who traveled to the battleground state of Nevada to pound the pavement for Obama

Then there’s Gayle Gatchalian who wrote to me about my earlier column, which asked, “Will Pinoys reject Obama because he’s black?”

“I just wanted to thank you for writing that,” she said. “My entire family hates Barack Obama and I can't have a decent conversation with them without a mention of Muslim, Hussein, evil etc. and the myriad other issues that have come out that proves he is a decent human being. I understand that it's because they have something against black people, and my black friends have tried to explain it to me.

“It’s hard to be post-racial and clearly, if America is going to move on from the 20th century, it needs someone who can take them there and the B-man is the best (and only) option on the table right now.”
          Door Holder: Michael Easley        
After college graduation I spent a few years in the Dominican Republic, teaching music and sorting through some complicated relationships. I came back to the states about every four months, and on one of those trips home I was feeling the full weight of my inadequacy and inertia.

Things were not good. I knew it, and for the first time in my life, I wasn't really sure how to fix it.

I went to see my high school mentor, (Jeff Berta, of yesterday's Door Holder post) and he sent me to a counselor - who just happened to be a pastor. I drove to Grand Prairie Bible Church and met Michael Easley for the first time.

Clutching my Norman Vincent Peale book (The Power of Positive Thinking), fueled by my recent reading of M. Scott Peck's The Road Less Traveled, and empowered by a few years of reading Psychology Today, I went to my first counseling session ready for therapy.

I wasn't quite ready for what I encountered.

I sketched out my problems, talked about my issues and where I was stuck; made sure that Mr. Easley understood the depth of my self-awareness (*ahem) and then sat back to await his direction.

He asked me a question, this "counselor that just happened to be a pastor" - one that caught me off guard.

Is Jesus the center of your life?

I was stunned, and taken aback. This was not what I expected. I stumbled over an answer, one that indicated my committed upbringing in the Methodist church, my confirmation and extensive participation in Young Methodists Fellowship, the choir, the services. (Well, at least through high school...my church attendance during college and beyond was limited to holidays, but as far as I knew, that was okay...)

He listened carefully, nodded at the right times, and was completely, totally unimpressed.

That's not exactly what I was asking. Is Jesus Christ the center of your life?

At this point, I became slightly uncomfortable. I squirmed a little. I remember offering this weak insight into my religious commitment - that I never worked before noon on a Sunday, so that I could attend church services (again, during high school - regardless of the fact that I was now 24 years old...) Heck, I told him - I had even preached on Youth Sunday, when I was a senior!

I told him about my Norman Vincent Peale book and my study, and the impact Khalil Gibran's The Prophet had on me.

He just stared.

And then he asked again.

Is Jesus the Lord of your life?</