Westinghouse Completes Shareholder Agreement for Kozloduy AP1000® Plant in Bulgaria        

Westinghouse Electric Company today announced that it has signed a shareholder agreement following consultations with all Bulgarian political parties for the expansion of the Kozloduy Nuclear Power Plant. This and subsequent agreements will be subject to future government oversight.

(PRWeb August 01, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/08/prweb12065568.htm


          Westinghouse and Bulgaria Take Steps Toward AP1000® Nuclear Power Plant Construction        

Westinghouse Electric Company and Toshiba Corporation welcome the decision of Bulgarian Energy Holding EAD to enter into exclusive talks to advance the opportunity to develop and construct an AP1000® nuclear power plant for Kozloduy Unit 7 in Kozloduy, Bulgaria.

(PRWeb December 12, 2013)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/12/prweb11416457.htm


          History Major Earns a Fulbright        

Congratulations to history major Lauren Gieseke ('15)! Lauren was awarded a Fulbright fellowship to teach English in Bulgaria for the 2015-16 academic year. Lauren has also accepted a Critical Language Scholarship to study in Turkey this summer.


          Pantyhose Girdle Porn - Only Opaques – Hayley Marie Video NylonHELL - Free Gallery 1        
Pantyhose Girdle Pornpantyhose girdle pornHayley Marie didn’t feel in the right frame of mind to go to class today, so she skipped school. She was feeling way to naughty to sit inside all day long. So, instead she made a sexy video for Only Opaques.In this video from Only Opaques, Hayley Marie is braving the chilly weather and teasing out of her college uniform. Underneath her uniform, this busty blonde babe is wearing a pair of purple pantyhose.This video comes from the last day that the models were in Bulgaria last winter. It looks like even with the cold they had a lot of fun. Click here to download this video of Hayley Marie at Only Opaques. And while you’re there make sure to check out all of the sexy photos and naughty videos from the trip to Bulgaria.VIEW GALLERY >>>Only Opaques – Hayley Marie Video NylonHELL - Free Gallery 1Related tags: pantyhose girdle porn, wam pantyhose stories, pantyhose girdle porn, teen spanking pantyhose, pantyhose girdle porn, wife loves pantyhose sexThe Best Site: Daniella In PantyhoseENTER TO DANIELLA IN PANTYHOSEpantyhose girdle porn This delicious redhead in teasing nylon knows how to make you horny in a matter of seconds. Don t believe? See Mary playing with her pussy and only when you watch her action up to end, you will understand what I was talking about A boring night at home is never going to happen when Erica has her stockings on. She just loves the feeling of being pounded like a little slut, but the stocking have to stay on to fully satisfy this naughty sexpot. Oh and don t forget to cum in my mouth big boy , she hollers as he fuck toy splatters her with his joy. Chrissy knew Tom loved her nylons. However, Ted s tongue loved to eat Chrissy s hot pink pussy so much, he almost forgot of Chrissy s desire to be fucked deep and hard. Well a man never forgets his real destination. When he jammed his cock into her slick twat, Tom knew he had finally cum home. Our masked black clad nylon slut likes to keep herself covered up. That is until a big cock makes its appearance. At this point holes in her nylons just magically appear. After all that big cock just has to play its trick on the mysterious chick. What s the trick? Fucking our little chick until she cums all over his big totem pole. Denise s pussy was so tight behind her black nylons. As her lover teased her through the nylons her sweet muff smelled so ripe. Denise gasped in pleasure as his cock explored her wet mouth. Doggy style, on top or anyway she liked it Denise knows she always likes to end with a hot, warm sticky mess all over her pussy. As her lover comes home to another dinnerless night. Stephanie knows he will be angry. But that is part of the plan. Wearing only nylons, Stephanie knows her fantasy of being beaten on her tight ass in her stockings is going to get her off hard. Eating her wet snatch out through her black fuck hose only drove Mike to a higher level of horniness. Gina s twat convulsed in pleasure, as her lover pounded her precocious pussy like a jackhammer. Riding his big cock into a messy but so sweet ending was this little slut s only desire.
          Congratulations to #VMTN Community Warrior: @iiliev        

*Submit a nomination for the next VMTN Community Warrior* I’d like to extend my congratulations a full 6,500 miles to our newest Community Warrior… In Sofia, Bulgaria. Thank you @iiliev for your contributions to VMTN and to VMware as a Staff Engineer. Welcome to the Community Warrior Hall of Fame! How did @iiliev get here? […]

The post Congratulations to #VMTN Community Warrior: @iiliev appeared first on VMTN Blog.


          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
Our team is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comment on In Bulgaria, Davis Conducts Pleven Philharmonic by Jeffrey Carter        
So happy for Dr. Davis! This is a wonderful experience for him, and will be pay great benefits as he shares new ideas with our students.
          Do Bulgarian citizens need transit visa for Puerto Rico        
I am a Bulgarian citizen and need to make connection between flights in Puerto Rico (San Juan). Do I need a transit visa? If needed where I can apply? Is it possible to obtain the visa from San Jose, Costa Rica where I will stay for 2 weeks and how long does it take?
          BMW 320 320d 2000        
Pret: 2600 Euro
Berlina, Normala, 240000 km
Diesel, 136 CP, 2000 cm³
Culoare: gri
geamuri electrice, geamuri electrice spate, oglinzi electrice, inchidere centralizata, servo directie
BMW 320 Masina este tehnic si estetic foarte bine intretinuta. Este achizitionata din Olanda, inmatriculata in Bulgaria si utilizata in Italia (nerulata in Romania) Full option, dotari: -aer

          BMW 320 320d 2000        
Pret: 2600 Euro
Berlina, Normala, 240000 km
Diesel, 136 CP, 2000 cm³
Culoare: gri
geamuri electrice, geamuri electrice spate, oglinzi electrice, inchidere centralizata, servo directie
BMW 320 Masina este tehnic si estetic foarte bine intretinuta. Este achizitionata din Olanda, inmatriculata in Bulgaria si utilizata in Italia (nerulata in Romania) Full option, dotari: -aer

          Mahasiswa Indonesia Sabet Medali Emas di Bulgaria        
Merah Putih berjaya di panggung penghargaan International Mathematics Competition for University Students (IMC) ke-24 ketika Tim Indonesia meraih berbagai kemenangan.
           Bulgarian road signs get a witty makeover         
The unknown creative, who goes by the name of idavidci on Tumblr, has enhanced Bulgaria's roadsides icons with his own creative touch.
          Supererou la 100 de ani - lectia de viata din spatele cutiei de tabla a unui cersetor        

Un alt gen de supererou... Un alt tip de om, de caracter, de viata si cu siguranta, un om cu valori atat de diferite. Nu stiu daca este un sfant, dar povestea lui merita promovata peste tot. Reprezinta un model pentru toti si cu siguranta avem si in Romania multi oameni de acest fel doar ca ne este greu sa-i reperam pentru ca nu le cunoastem viata si pentru ca sunt prea discreti pentru privirile noastre grabite. Poate si pentru ca nu cautam sa-i aflam.

Acest batranel cu chip atat de bland demonstreaza lumii intregi, zilnic, ce inseamna sa fii un supererou. Nu seamana deloc cu personajele fantastice din filme, nu are un fizic de invidiat, nu apare in presa, nu are o aparitie spectaculoasa, insa are o arma mai eficienta decat a tuturor: DRAGOSTEA. Nu are prea multe bunuri materiale, insa compasiunea lui pentru semenii sai valoreaza mai mult decat un munte de aur. In straie  zderntaroase de cersetor, acest om nu face ceea ce ne-am putea gandi la prima vedere. Numele lui este Dobri Dobrev, si-a pierdut mare parte din simtul auzului in timpul celui de-al doilea Razboi Mondial iar anul acesta va implini 100 de ani. Cu toate astea, zilele lui au acelasi program de zeci de ani. Merge pe jos multi km, cersind,  imbracat mereu in aceleasi haine ponosite si incaltat cu aceleasi incaltari uzate pana la refuz. Il gasiti pe stradutele orasului sau natal, Sofia (Bulgaria) unde isi petrece viata cerand cate un banut de la trecatori.



Ce este insa cel mai impresionant la acest batranel este faptul ca el nu cerseste pentru el, are o pensie de aproape 80 de euro si o baraca in care doarme. El cerseste pentru altii, pentru scopuri caritabile, pentru a ajuta copilasii din orfelinate.



Toti banii pe care i-a adunat pana acum (aproximativ 40.000 de euro) au fost donati centrelor de orfani care nu-si mai puteau achita la timp taxele sau facturile la utilitati. Nu pastreaza pentru el niciun banut din cei stransi...



Sunt oameni care l-au numit ”Sfantul din Baylovo” (satul sau natal). Asa cum ar fi de asteptat este iubit si pretuit de toti cei care-l cunosc, care i se adreseaza cu apelativul ”Bunicul Dobri” si reprezinta desigur, tot binele care poate fi facut pentru ceilalti, in cele mai grele si umile conditii...



Asa ca daca aveti nevoie de un model, astazi vi l-am prezentat pe Bunicul Dobri, un om care a renuntat la el pentru a-i sluji pe ceilalti, pentru a se bucura de toate darurile pe care le ofera altruismul umanitatii. Ajunge doar sa-i privim chipul si inima ne este inundata de blandete si de bunatate... Cu ceva mai multi omuleti din astia lumea ar fi un loc mult mai bun pentru noi toti.

cu toata pretuirea,
Pavel Dinu


surse foto: theologhia.files.wordpress.com/; http://i2.wp.com/www.michaelvincent.net; http://static.newsitamea.gr/
          iPhone 4S arriving in Hong Kong, South Korea and a number of other locales on November 11th        
Apple is getting ready to add a whole slew of new locations to its iPhone 4S world domination plan. Starting November 11th, the company's latest smartphone will be available in Hong Kong, South Korea and 13 additional countries, including Albania, Armenia, Bulgaria, El Salvador, Greece, Guatemala, Malta, Montenegro, New Zealand, Panama, Poland, Portugal, and Romania. Pre-orders for those locations (save for Albania, El Salvador, Guatemala, Malta, Montenegro and Panama) will begin on the 4th. The handset is currently available in 29 countries -- that number will increase to more than 70 by year's end. Press info can be found after the break.
          Discover the beauty of this amazing country        
Bulgaria is one of the oldest European states with 20-century-old history and traditions. Modern Bulgaria is situated in SE Europe, in the Balkan peninsula; a busy crossroad of ancient cultures. For centuries, the roads passing through the territory of the country have been connecting Europe with Asia and Africa. Four common European transport corridors, connecting […]
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          CAS Rules on Sakotic's Appeal        

official logo

The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) recently decided the appeal of Vladimir Sakotic against the decision of the FIDE Ethics Commission (EC) in a disciplinary matter brought against Mr Sakotic.

The complainants in the case before the EC were the European Chess Union (ECU) and Montenegro Chess Federation (MCF). The complaints related to events surrounding the organisation of the 2013 European Youth Chess Championship in Budva, Montenegro (2013 EYCC).

In its decision of 9 November 2016, reached in Baku, Azerbaijan, the EC found Silvio Danailov, Vladimir Sakotic and Sava Stoisavljevic (all ECU executives in the period 2011-2014) guilty of violations of the FIDE Code of Ethics and imposed bans of 3 years (Sakotic), 18 months (Danailov) and 6 months (Stoisavljevic) respectively.

Mr Danailov and Ms Stoisavljevic did not appeal the decision of the EC. Mr Sakotic appealed to CAS asking it to annul the EC decision in its entirety and to allow Mr Sakotic to hold office, participate in meetings and represent any organisation within FIDE and its members.

In its Arbitral Award of 2 August 2017, the CAS confirmed that Mr Sakotic violated Article 2.2.2 of the FIDE Code of Ethics (as found by the EC) but reduced Mr Sakotic's period of suspension to 18 months (from the 3 years imposed by the EC). The period of suspension runs accordingly from 10 October 2016 until 9 April 2018.

During the suspension period Mr Sakotic may not hold any office or position within FIDE, participate in any meeting of FIDE as delegate or in another capacity, or represent any organisation in its relations with FIDE. The suspension applies also to FIDE member federations, continental associations and other affiliated organisations. However, as per the EC decision, the sanction does not preclude Mr Sakotic from performing activities as a chess arbiter, chess organiser or FIDE lecturer during the period of suspension.

The CAS award may be considered benevolent to Mr Sakotic as he did not explicitly request a reduction in the period of suspension, in the event that the CAS holds that he has indeed violated the Code of Ethics, and the issue of the appropriate length of the ban was not canvassed in the parties' written statements and argument before CAS.

The CAS appeals system allows for a re-hearing of the matter and an independent determination by the CAS Panel of the case without limiting itself to assessing the correctness of the procedure and decision of the disciplinary tribunal. This de novo character of the appeal proceedings allowed the parties to file written submissions, produce new exhibits not introduced in the matter before the EC and to call and examine witnesses even if they did not testify in a hearing before the EC. As a result, the CAS Panel did not have to rely, as did the EC, on adverse inferences which may be drawn against Mr Sakotic for his absence at the EC hearing and his decision not to answer fully all the allegations made and evidence produced by the complainants in the EC proceedings.

The CAS Panel noted that the allegations against Mr Sakotic had to be proved according to the standard of "comfortable satisfaction" (CAS Award: paragraphs 127-129).

The CAS Panel held that the 2013 EYCC was riddled with improprieties and suspicious activity, from a lack of transparency surrounding the transfer of the organising rights, to an inconsistent manner of invoicing for payments to various entities, and a diversion of a deposit fee in the sum of €7 500 payable to the ECU but channelled to an unrelated private entity, incorporated in Delaware, USA with a bank account in Slovenia, and bearing the name European Chess Union LLC (ECU LLC).

The CAS Panel found that Mr Sakotic violated Article 2.2.2 of the FIDE Code of Ethics (acted in a way that no longer inspires the necessary confidence, or has in other ways become unworthy of trust) on the grounds of a lack of transparency and a conflict of interest, and being complicit in the diversion of the ECU deposit fee. However, the CAS Panel did not reach the same conclusion as the EC as to the extent of Mr Sakotic's responsibility for other irregularities in connection with the 2013 EYCC.

More in particular, the CAS held that Mr Sakotic played a significant role in the lack of transparency surrounding the transfer of the organising rights in respect of the 2013 EYCC to a private entity controlled by an immediate family member of Mr Sakotic and, in this regard, he breached his fiduciary duty not to place himself in a position of a conflict of interest (CAS Award: paragraphs 138-148; 177, 179 and 188).

The CAS Panel further held that Mr Sakotic gave written instruction to MCF officials to pay the ECU deposit fee to the imposter corporation, ECU LLC (CAS Award: paragraphs 159-172, 177 and 188).

The Panel considered that each of the abovementioned behaviours is serious enough to manifest a loss of the "necessary confidence" or the status of being "unworthy of trust" in contravention of Article 2.2.2 of the Code of Ethics (CAS Award: paragraphs 177 – 179).

Regarding Mr Sakotic's alleged involvement in the ECU LLC and another Delaware corporation, Chess Plus LLC, albeit that the Panel found that Mr Sakotic's explanations were very vague, unsatisfactory and even suspicious, it held that the available evidence nevertheless fell short in order to be able to conclude that Mr Sakotic was responsible for or instrumental in the creation and operation of these corporations (CAS Award: paragraphs 150-155).

The CAS Panel noted the inconsistent and suspicious manner of invoicing for accommodation, organisation and ECU entry fees and the lack of a clear explanation from Mr Sakotic and his witnesses for such irregularities, but found nevertheless that there was insufficient evidence incriminating Mr Sakotic (CAS Award: paragraphs 156-158).

The CAS Panel further considered that the evidence was insufficient to prove that Mr Sakotic was the "mastermind" in a scheme to make secret profits at the expense of MCF and ECU (CAS Award: paragraphs 176).

In conclusion, the CAS Panel stressed that its decision must not be seen as exonerating Mr Sakotic, for example, of having created and operated the Delaware companies, siphoned-off funds, and/or benefitted directly or indirectly from the payments made to Chess Plus LLC. The Panel merely concluded that on the basis of the evidence made available in the arbitration, it is not comfortably satisfied that Mr Sakotic engaged in such actions. The award should thus in no way be viewed or treated as an exoneration of Mr Sakotic on any level, but it must be regarded for what it is – a finding against Mr Sakotic under Article 2.2.2 for having committed ethical violations, albeit fewer and of lesser magnitude than found by the EC (CAS Award: paragraph 191).

The findings of CAS relating to the use of ECU LLC as a vehicle for a diversion of funds, and Mr Sakotic's role therein, is highly relevant to a separate investigation currently being carried on by the EC, under case no. 5/2016, in the context of the use of ECU LLC for a diversion of funds in excess of €1 million by individuals in the name of the Bulgarian Chess Federation in the period 2011-2014.

A copy of the CAS Award can be found here.


          The World Team wins the Match of the Millennials        

MOTM Logo


The World Team wins the Match of the Millennials

The USA vs. The World match was held in St. Louis, Missouri, USA, July 26th to 29th, 2017. It was a great success for the World, winning by a huge margin of 30½ to 17½ in total. The U.17 team was the underdog as per ratings, but still won with an overwhelming 19:13 total score, winning 3 matches and drawing 5 out of the 8 scheduled. The U.14 team also won with a good margin of 11½:4½, winning 3 matches and drawing 1 out of the 4 scheduled. Although the USA teams were fighting well, the World team showed that still is in charge.

The World Team was represented by the Head of Delegation Jorge Vega, the Captain of the World U.17 team Efstratios Grivas, the U.14 Captain Alexander Beliavsky and the players Haik Martirosyan (Armenia, 4 out of 7), Andreai Esipenko (Russia, 4 out of 7), Anton Smirnov (Australia, 3,5 out of 7), Aryan Chopra (India, 3,5 out of 7), Alexey Sarana (Russia, 4 out of 7), Praggnanandhaa Ramesh Babu (India, 3 out of 4)), Nordibek Abdusattorov (Uzbekistan, 2,5 out of 4), Bibisara Assaubayeva (Russia, 4 out of 4) and Nurgyul Salimova (Bulgaria, 2 out of 4) .

The USA team: Xiong Jeffrey (4 out of 8), Sevian Samuel (4,5 out of 8), Burke John (0,5 out of 4), Checa Nicolas (1 out of 5), Li Ruifeng (3 out of 7), Liang Awonder (2 out of 4), Hong Andrew (0,5 out of 4), Yip Carissa (1 out of 4), Samadashvili Martha (1 out of 4).

According to regulations the winning team will receive $20,000, while the runner-up will receive $10,000.

Former World Champion Viswanathan Anand visited the closing ceremony and awarded the prizes to the winners.

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Round 1 Results U17 - 2 : 2  
     
The World Results USA
Martirosyan Haik ½:½ Xiong Jeffery
Esipenko Andrey 0:1 Sevian Sam
Chopra Aryan 1:0 Burke John
Smirnon Anton ½:½ Ruifeng Li
     
Round 2 Results U17 - 2 : 2  
     
The World Results USA
Martirosyan Haik 0:1 Sevian Sam
Smirnon Anton ½:½ Xiong Jeffery
Chopra Aryan 1:0 Checa Nicolas
Sarana Alexey ½:½ Ruifeng Li
     
Round 3 Results U17 - 2 : 2  
     
The World Results USA
Smirnon Anton ½:½ Burke John
Esipenko Andrey 1:0 Ruifeng Li
Chopra Aryan 0:1 Xiong Jeffery
Sarana Alexey ½:½ Sevian Sam
     
Round 4 Results U17 - 2½ : 1½  
     
The World Results USA
Martirosyan Haik 0:1 Checa Nicolas
Esipenko Andrey 1:0 Burke John
Smirnon Anton 1:0 Sevian Sam
Sarana Alexey ½:½ Xiong Jeffery
     
Round 5 Results U17 - 3 : 1  
     
The World Results USA
Martirosyan Haik 1:0 Xiong Jeffery
Esipenko Andrey ½:½ Sevian Sam
Chopra Aryan ½:½ Ruifeng Li
Sarana Alexey 1:0 Checa Nicolas
     
Round 6 Results U17 - 3½ : ½  
     
The World Results USA
Esipenko Andrey ½:½ Xiong Jeffery
Martirosyan Haik 1:0 Sevian Sam
Sarana Alexey 1:0 Burke John
Smirnon Anton 1:0 Ruifeng Li
     
Round 7 Results U17 - 2 : 2  
     
The World Results USA
Chopra Aryan ½:½ Xiong Jeffery
Smirnon Anton 0:1 Sevian Sam
Martirosyan Haik ½:½ Ruifeng Li
Esipenko Andrey 1:0 Checa Nicolas
     
Round 8 Results U17 - 2 : 2  
     
The World Results USA
Sarana Alexey ½:½ Xiong Jeffery
Chopra Aryan ½:½ Sevian Sam
Esipenko Andrey 0:1 Ruifeng Li
Martirosyan Haik 1:0 Checa Nicolas
     
Round 1 Results U14 - 2½ : 1½  
     
The World Results USA
Ramesh Babu ½:½ Liang Awonder
Abdusattorov Nodirbek 1:0 Hong Andrew
Assaubayeva Bibisara 1:0 Yip Carissa
Salimova Nurgyul 0:1 Samadashvilli Martha
     
Round 2 Results U14 - 2 :2  
     
The World Results USA
Ramesh Babu ½:½ Hong Andrew
Abdusattorov Nodirbek ½:½ Liang Awonder
Assaubayeva Bibisara 1:0 Samadashvilli Martha
Salimova Nurgyul 0:1 Yip Carissa
     
Round 3 Results U14 - 4 : 0  
     
The World Results USA
Ramesh Babu 1:0 Liang Awonder
Abdusattorov Nodirbek 1:0 Hong Andrew
Assaubayeva Bibisara 1:0 Yip Carissa
Salimova Nurgyul 1:0 Samadashvilli Martha
     
Round 4 Results U14 - 3 : 1
 
     
The World Results USA
Ramesh Babu 1:0 Hong Andrew
Abdusattorov Nodirbek 0:1 Liang Awonder
Assaubayeva Bibisara 1:0 Samadashvilli Martha
Salimova Nurgyul 1:0 Yip Carissa

 


Day 2

Under 17 Section


The players kept things consistent by keeping the score 2-2. Sam Sevian, who was unstoppable yesterday, for some reason played a very unambitious game and drew Alexey Sarana with the white pieces in 18 moves.
In a team event, this a huge advantage, as it leaves the opposing team with two whites. His teammate, World Junior Champion Jeffery Xiong, defeated Aryan Chopra’s Najdorf in a very clean game after outplaying his opponent in a positional manner then delivering a tactical blow.
Unfortunately for the U.S. team, Ruifeng Li chose a very unsound opening against Andrey Esipenko and was punished convincingly.
Anton Smirnov and John Burke drew after giving each other several winning chances but failing to take advantage of them.
In the fourth round, the U.S. team suffered its first loss. Things were really looking good for the American team as the Armenian Haik Martirosyan blundered against Nicolas Checa and was forced to resign several moves later.
Sam Sevian decided to return the favor by blundering a pawn, which was enough for Anton Smirnov to bring home the point.
Alexey Saran had to suffer and defend against Jeffery Xiong for most of the game.
The American superstar did not make the most out of his extra pawn in the rook ending allowing his opponent to find enough counterplay to draw. John Burke had a big advantage in the middle game and the only mistake in the game was enough for Andrey Esipenko to turn the tide, which allowed the World team to win their first match.

Under 14 Section

After suffering a loss yesterday, the U.S. team drew the match against the higher rated World team.
Andrew Hong and Praggnanandhaa Ramesh Babu played a sharp theoretical line where the American had to be quite careful not to find himself in trouble. He handled the complications masterfully and made a comfortable draw.
Martha Samadashvili out-prepared her much higher rated opponent, Bibisara Assaubayeva and got the advantage out of the opening. However, as the game went on, the Russian player demonstrated her strength and experience by not allowing her position to collapse and giving her opponent opportunities to error in an extremely complicated position. Once out of book and on her own, Samadashvili found herself in an unknown territory and made one crucial mistake, which was enough for her opponent to capitalize on and deliver the full point.
The newly crowned U.S. Junior Champion, Awonder Liang, once again found himself in an uncomfortable position but defended tenaciously until his opponent, Nodirbek Abdusattorov, had to settle for a draw.
The score was now 2-1 in favor for the World team and it was up to Carissa Yip and Nurgyul Salimova to decide the fate of the match. This was an epic 112 move battle where first Carissa had the material advantage, then her opponent refused to repeat the position to try to go for checkmate but missed a checkmate in two moves. This, in turn, left Carissa with the material advantage away but her king was still in trouble which allowed her opponent to force a draw, an opportunity that was not spotted. Towards the very end, with reduced amount of material on the board, Salimova once again had a great opportunity to make a draw but after a five-hour of play and no time on the clock, it was yet another missed opportunity. With this win, the score of the match is now a tie.

Watch all the action live on USChessChamps.com 


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Photo Gallery by St. Louis Chess Club


Match of the Millennials Opening

The opening ceremony of the Match of the Millennials took place on 25th of July. During the press conference devoted to the start of the Match, Jorge Vega, Continental President for America, took part in the procedure of drawing of lots.

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Match of The Millennials

USA vs The World

26-29 July, 2017

The Chess Club and Scholastic Center of Saint Louis, in cooperation with the Kasparov Chess Foundation, U.S. Chess Federation, World Chess Federation and FIDE Trainers’ Commission will organize the Match of the Millennials. Eight American players will face some of the best juniors from around the world.
Teams consist of five players under 17, two boys under 14 and two girls under 14 years old. The five players under 17 years old will face each member of the opposing team in two game matches, while the under 14 players will similarly play two-game matches against their two corresponding opponents.
The prize fund of the match is $30,000. The winning team will receive $20,000, while the runner-up will receive $10,000. Prizes will be split evenly should the match end in a tie.


REGULATIONS (pdf)

 

  US TEAM  
     
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Captain Michael Khodarkovsky Captain Armen Ambartsumian Coach Alexander Onischuk
     
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Jeffery Xiong (USA) Samuel Sevian (USA) Ruifeng Li (USA)
     
IMG 7190 IMG 7209 IMG 7177
John Michael Burke (USA) Nicolas Checa (USA) Awonder Liang (USA)
     
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Andrew Hong (USA) Carissa Yip (USA) Martha Samadashvili (USA)



                                                  

  WORLD TEAM
 
     
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Captain Efstratios Grivas Captain Alexander Beliavsky Head of Delegation Jorge Vega
     
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Haik Martirosyan (ARM) Andrey Esipenko (RUS) Alexey Sarana (RUS)
     
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Anton Smirnov (AUS) Aryan Chopra (IND) Praggnanandhaa R.B. (IND)
     
IMG 7248 IMG 7239 IMG 7257
Nodirbek Abdusattorov (UZB) Bibisara Assaubayeva (RUS) Nurgyul Salimova (BUL)

          El Camino del Norte. Día 1: Miño-Irún        
Mientras la estaba embalando (joer, tuve que buscar como se escribía correctamente, empezamos bien) pensaba en los 127 pavos de la puesta a punto de la bicicleta.  Cambio de la transmisión, del cambiador, pastillas y ajuste de cables.  Por ese precio casi que me compraba una nueva.  Según el mecánico, la transmisión no hubiese aguantado el tute.  Se ve que esa "manía", como le llama él, de meterla en la playa no le sienta muy bien a los rodamientos.  Pienso en el gran placer que es pedalear en un palmo de mar y me la pela.  Ha durado seis años. Probablemente debería tener una bici chunga para esa gozada y reservar la buena para que dure, pero claro, nunca sabes cuando vas a terminar metido en el agua, depende del día... Divagar sobre tonterías mientras haces tareas rutinarias es la mejor manera de que no te agobien...

Siempre que tengo que salir de casa con una maleta tengo la desagradable sensación de que me olvido algo.  Cuanto mayor te haces y mejor organizado tienes tu espacio vital, más te cuesta salir de él.  Al menos, a mi me pasa.  En La Cueva hay un sitio para cada cosa y la tranquilidad de saber que están ahí, aunque las use dos veces al año, se desvanece cuando tengo que abandonar mi zona de confort por más de una noche, provocándome una ligera ansiedad.  Solución: un lexatin.  Aún no hemos salido y ya empezamos con el doping.  Voy a pedalear, así que tampoco me siento mal por drogarme un poquito.  Los gatos notan que me piro y me miran con rencor.  Trato de ignorarlos, pero saber que les dejo prácticamente sin compañía durante no sé cuanto tiempo, con lo sociales que son con la gente, tampoco me ayuda a relajarme.  Solución: otro lexatín.  La noche antes de la salida duermo como un bendito.

Al final, y teniendo en cuenta que no hay tantos albergues como en el Camino Francés llevo equipo de más, sobre todo mudas de ropa, porque no sé cada cuanto podré hacer una colada bien hecha.  Lo patético es el apartado de cables; cuatro cargadores diferentes (BB, tablet, mp3 y batería de la cámara) y media docena de adaptadores.  Hace dos días que tengo la tablet y aún no la piloto, así que me llevo también el e-book.  Dos reproductores mp3, 8 gigas de música en total, la cámara de fotos, la susodicha tablet y el móvil.  No voy a desconectar, está claro.

Debo llevar un par de kilos de peso en tecnología, que podría ahorrarme perfectamente.  Bueno, la cámara es imprescindible.  Y los reproductores de música, también.  Como mínimo sirven para acallar los ronquidos en los albergues.  Y, vale, un enfermo de la música como yo no iba a estar dos semanas sin escuchar canciones, sobre todo por la mañana, que son mi cafeina... Y la tablet es por cuestiones de curro y excusas para meter algo en la mochila hay doscientas y vale, habíamos hablado de la zona de confort y eso...

El otro apartado preocupante es el neceser-botiquín.  Hace diez años habría llevado un bote de sanex, dentrífico, after-shave y listos.  El que ahora llevo ocupa más sitio que el de la última novia que tuve, que ya es decir.  Es cierto que llevo un buen acopio de analgésicos (tramadol), relajante muscular (lexatin) y antiinflamatorios (diclofenaco), podría montar una farmacia. Pero llevo media docena de pijaditas (que no enumeraré) que son perfectamente prescindibles, en teoría.  Al final, las usaría todas, también, cosas de la edad.

Con la excusa de las alforjas, no he mirado demasiado lo de ahorrar espacio.  Al final del viaje, al menos, descubriría que usé todo lo que cogí, con lo que tan mal no estuvo montada la mudanza.  No voy a poner la lista completa de lo que me llevé porque me da pereza y porque paso de que me llamen (con razón) nenaza.  Eso sí, no encontré a faltar nada.  Medalla al canto que me pongo, que no me quedan abuelas y mi mamá vive a 1000 kilómetros de aqui.  El que quiera una orientación de lo que hay que llevar para esta aventura en bici, hay un tipo que tiene una página estupenda al respecto.

Renuncio a calibrarme en la báscula.  Se que ando cuatro o cinco quilos pasadillo de peso pero no quiero que gente, tiempo, kilometros o gramos a perder marquen el ritmo de viaje.  Vamos a fluir, con todas las consecuencias.  Y cuatro o cinco mil gramos no son problema para una operación bikini exprés y menos teniendo en cuenta el tiempo que está haciendo, que bikini vamos a llevar pocos días.

Hice compra en el super para el viaje y llevo fruta, yogures y sandwiches diversos.  La bicicleta la envolví con 100 mts de film para congelación.  Según los de Información de Renfe, la podía llevar como equipaje, siempre y cuando desmontara rueda y pedales y la empaquetara de tal manera que no superara norecuerdo que medidas.  No estoy demasiado seguro de que lo haya hecho correctamente pero nadie me dirá nada en la estación y terminará discretamente en la bandeja de equipajes del vagón.  El billete, comprado por internet, me ha costado 28,50 €, una ganga, por cruzar el país de una punta a otra.


Por supuesto, algo tenía que pasar por la mañana para empezar la aventura con emoción y el tráfico entre Ferrol y Miño debía estar la mar de fluído, porque el autobús pasó cinco minutos antes de su hora habitual, tres minutos antes de la hora que pone en el horario oficial y me pilló en el parking sacando la bici.  Si, ya sé, los horarios son orientativos y hay que estar en la parada con antelación.  A mi me gusta apurar los tiempos, es una tara que no consigo quitarme.  A esa hora de la mañana no se han levantado los taxis de Miño, pero siempre hay un colega del que tirar y termino llegando a la estación de tren con siete minutos de sobra, con tiempo de fumarme uno de mis últimos pitillos después de acomodar los trastos.  

En el lapso de veinte minutos que tarda mi amigo (y socio) en venir tan amable y resignadamente a recogerme aparece Maceiras, el médico y ex-alcalde.  Tomamos café juntos y me cuenta una primicia pokeril que no me permite divulgar hasta que sea oficial.  ¿Pá que me lo dices, entonces? ¿Para hacerme rabiar o para que lo cuente por lo bajini añadiendo "pero no se lo digas a nadie"? Yo, es que de maruja tengo cero y opto por la primera opción.  Diez minutos, que es lo que tardo en guasapearselo a mis colegas de Pokerviú mientras me recoge mi colega y volamos hasta la estación de Renfe o Adif o como se llame ahora el tren.

El día anterior intenté contactar con el albergue de Irún y con el de Hondarribia pero no pude hacerlo, malo será que no tenga donde dormir al llegar.  Decido echarle fe (o confianza en el Universo, como queráis llamarle) y me relajo enchufando el e-book y apoyando la cabeza en la ventanilla.  

Me ha tocado al lado una muchacha bonita que va hasta Vitoria, según reza su billete, pero no me apetece para nada conversar con nadie y me enfrasco en la lectura de "Pensar rápido, pensar despacio" de Daniel Kahneman, un libro que estoy releyendo y que tengo que volver a leer una tercera vez tomando notas porque me parece lo mejor que me ha caído en las manos (de lecturas hablo) en los últimos cinco años, si no más. Que te expliquen como funciona tu cocorota ayuda muchísimo a entender porque actúas de una manera tan estúpida (a veces) sin ser, técnicamente, un estúpido.

Antes de llegar a Santiago ya me he dado cuenta que el Off and On de Findlay va a ser la banda sonora de este Camino.  Que poderío de voz y de guitarras.  Me va a ahorrar la mitad de cafés matinales con todo ese derroche de energía directo a la vena.  Redescubro con deleite el placer de la lectura.  Últimamente no he leído apenas nada, muy probablemente por la frustración de no ser capaz de hilvanar decentemente la novela que empecé.  Al no poder escribir supongo que le cogí aversión subconsciente a la lectura.  Ese tapón también desaparecerá en los días que vendrán.

Mi compañera de asiento lee Lo que mueve el mundo, de Kirmen Uribe y escucha música (al menos lleva los auriculares puestos) y yo leo lo de Kahneman y escucho música.  Pienso que va a ser muy incómoda la situación durante siete horas y pico sin cruzar conversación, pero sigue sin apetecerme hablar.  Y yo tengo la ventana, que permite hacer ver que te extasió el paisaje y estás en una dimensión superior de sensaciones.  En Santiago, para empeorar la situación se llena el vagón y no hay posibilidad de reubicarse en ningún otro asiento.  Me toca una chica bonita y me quejo...  Si llega a ser un viejo mugriento vete tu a saber...

Al llegar a Orense, aún no he conseguido dormirme, con lo fácil que lo hago en los transportes públicos.  Empiezo a putearme un poco porque no paro de bostezar.  Demasiado cansado para leer, demasiado poco para dormirme.  Decido endiñarme un lexatin y dos petit suisse de la marca blanca de Dia.  El plástico se quiebra fácil y el método de succión directa (que ahorra el empleo y limpieza de una cuchara) no funciona del todo bien.  No compraré más esa marca, a pesar de que el contenido sabe mejor que el original.  No soy de comerlos con cubiertos. 

No echo fotos del paisaje gallego porque me lo sé de memoria y el cristal está bastante guarrete como para conseguir alguna instantánea decente. Algunos guiris no paran de soltar grititos de admiración ante el desparrame de verdor.  Es cierto, cuando algo se te hace cotidiano, sea bueno o malo, dejas de apreciarlo como tal.  

Notita mental: salir más a menudo de casa hacia el sur, para disfrutar de la vuelta, después de haber estado en sitios peores.  La imágen de la hamada sahariana me viene instantáneamente a la cabeza y me acojona un poco.  No me gusta la playa por la arena y necesito tener el mar cerca... ¿que coño hago yo en medio del reputo desierto?  

Recuerdo cuando me llamaron Bidan por primera vez, recuerdo los ojos verdes que añadieron Gamar al sustantivo, allá por 1998 o 99, pero no recuerdo cuando adopté el apodo como propio, después de haber perdido el contacto con aquellos hombres azules saharauis en 2002.  Supongo que sería un intento inconsciente de justificar mi desaparición.  Estoy en deuda con ellos, me inculcaron dos de los pilares fundamentales que sustentan mis principios.  Y las deudas hay que pagarlas.  

El Camino... ¿se aclara por momentos o es un sueño? Despierto con la boca espesa y el lexatín bloqueando la sinapsis.  El paisaje no me ayuda a orientarme, ya hemos entrado en esa parte de España horréndamente monótona, donde es imposible saber ni donde estás ni a dónde tienes que ir sin ayuda de instrumentos mecánicos cuando el sol desaparece, cosa que sucede en ese instante.  Podríamos ir en cualquiera de las cuatro direcciones cardinales y el cuerpo no notaría la diferencia.  Ver esa puta mierda que parece un eterno copy-paste de la naturaleza todo el día debe influír en la tasa de suicidios de los lugareños.  Sobre todo en invierno. Una voz me recuerda que el paisaje del desierto variado, variado, no es que sea.  Perfecto, añadiendo argumentos en contra, que la idea no tiene ni pies ni cabeza alguna.


Le doy al play del reproductor y la inconfundible voz de Karen O me anuncia que tienen canción nueva.  Cuando los Yeah Yeah Yeahs (que nombre tan horrendo para una banda de rock) se ponen serios hacen canciones muy buenas.  Sacrilege va al zurrón sin pensarlo dos veces. 

Lucía (la he bautizado así por ponerle un nombre) se ha despertado y entre sus gadgets y los míos hay un buen cristo en nuestros asientos.  No te preocupes son las primeras palabras que cruzamos en todo el trayecto. Recojo parte de mis cosas y me acomodo en el otro lado del pasillo, dos asientos más atrás, lo que permite que, si quisiéramos, nuestras miradas se podrían cruzar con más facilidad que antes, cuando estábamos sentados juntos.

Me he vuelto poco sociable con los desconocidos, no sé porque, pero no me apetece conocer gente nueva, últimamente.  En la cafetería un tipo de Donosti me ofrece una conversación en principio agradable, pero me irritan los temas banales.  El puto tiempo, la puta crisis y el puto Gobierno.  Siempre lo mismo, la misma repetición de frases  memorizadas en de alguna tertulia barata de taberna.  Educación, ya sé.  Ahora mismo puedo prescindir de ella; necesito hacerlo, quiero que me dejen en paz unos días, es muy sencillo. 

Me pongo un programa de radio, en casa me provoca sueño y aqui surte el mismo efecto.  Cuando vulevo a despertar, el paisaje es algo más verde, pero el verde tampoco es que sea una pista muy válida, todo el norte lo es.  No llevo reloj, es imposible saber donde está el sol y calcular que porcentaje de las once horas y media del trayecto llevamos hechas es inútil.  Podría preguntar, claro. ¿Que más da donde estemos?  Está libre la butaca individual que está frente a la silla de ruedas para pasajeros con movilidad reducida y aprovecho para derramar mi organismo entre ambos asientos.

Mientras como otros dos sandwiches de queso de untar con pechuga de pavo entre rebanadas empapadas de aceite de oliva extra virgen (hice los 13 iguales, en honor a John Ford y a la comodidad de la ¿cocina?: fácil y rápida, por favor) pienso si estaré perdiendo la oportunidad de conocer mejor a Lucía, que puede ser una mujer interesante.  Este pensamiento me provoca una enorme sonrisa cargada de sarcasmo y me doy cuenta que estoy algo resentido por algo que hay que sacar afuera en los días que vienen.  Cinco minutos después, estoy paseando en camello por el desierto, con un AK-47 en los brazos y prefiero entretenerme en esa estúpida escena semi surrealista que en valorar la posibilidad de hablar de algo banal con ella.

En Sahagún fumo medio pitillo.  Es curioso...  Llevo quince días avisándole al cuerpo que la dosis diaria de nicotina se va a terminar cualquier día de estos y parece preparado.  A pesar de que debo llevar cuatro o cinco horas sin fumar no me apetece hacerlo.  He intentado aplicarme una especie de auto hipnosis durante las sesiones de meditación matinales y parece que van a funcionar.  Mi mente tiene claro que ya no voy a fumar más.  Ahora falta que el cuerpo y el subconsciente entiendan y acepten el mensaje.  Al subir, el vagón se vuelve a llenar y me tengo que sentar otra vez al lado de Lucía.  Sigo sin interés alguno por su vida y ella sigue sin ninguno por la mía.

El revisor, que es el tercero diferente que pasa, me informa que la bici no puede viajar, según la normativa. Le explico lo que me contaron los de información de Renfe. "Los de información no tienen ni puta idea", sentencia y me recita dos artículos del reglamento de carrerilla.  Ese rollito aleccionador ya lo conozco y no es peligroso.  Quiere meterme miedo para hacerse el bueno al final, así que le dejo hacer.  De todos modos, para bajarme del tren va a necesitar a los GEOS.  Efectivamente, al final sentencia: "Mira, no voy a ser yo el malo que te baje aqui, en medio de la nada, cuando no te han dicho nada al subir en la Estación.  Pero que sepas que la bici no puede subir".  

Esbozo una sonrisa muy forzada y le doy las gracias al perdonavidas, que se aleja meneando la cabeza condescendientemente.  Si me da la chapa dos minutos más, lo mando a tomar por culo con todas las letras.  ¿Tendré la culpa yo de que su mujer lo haya dejado por un trompetista?  Puto país, como más hundido está, más gente aparece que te pretende enseñar como tienes que hacer las cosas.  Pero no las importantes, las que solucionarían los problemas.  Siempre son chorradas que no llevan a ninguna parte.  Cualquier día nos meterán un anuncio sobre la manera correcta de limpiarse el ojete para ahorrar papel higiénico.  Cuando responda que yo utilizo toallitas húmedas para bebés seguro que me llamarán maldito burgués despilfarrador y me declararán no apto para cualquier subsidio o pensión por gastar un céntimo cada vez que me higienizo después de ir de vientre. 

A partir de Miranda de Ebro la monotonía del paisaje se rompe y las luces de la tarde invitan a contemplarlo.  Esta vez si, me coloco en otra dimensión de sensaciones cromáticas y mi ánimo parece que se va relajando un poquito más.  Conforme avanzamos entre montes, me voy sintiendo cada vez mejor, más en mi ambiente.


En Vitoria-Gasteiz, Lucía se apea y oigo su voz por primera vez en diez horas. "Hasta luego", sonríe. "Hasta otra", le devuelvo la sonrisa.  Tengo que desbloquearme.  La muchacha emanaba vibraciones positivas.  No está el mundo como para ir rechazando energías positivas...

Al llegar a Irún, el aspecto del equipaje es el siguiente.  La bici, ciertamente, tiene un traje cómico.  Yo, si fuera revisor, no dejaría subirla de esa manera, aunque lo permitiera la normativa...


No tengo ni idea de donde está el albergue, pero el instinto me lleva en menos de diez minutos. Es un piso doble del ayuntamiento con dos literas en cada habitación. Acomodo la bici en el bajo, me acredito y escucho.  El hospitalero, Iñaki, está de voluntario durante diez días, una fórmula interesante para conocer gente.  Anima a todo el mundo, aconseja y caldea el ambiente, lo que no es sencillo, aunque se lubrica con una botella de licor de hierbas.

Estamos 25 personas y hay 13 nacionalidades; España, Francia, Alemania, Nueva Zelanda, Australia, Irlanda, Malta, Gibraltar (UK), Estados Unidos, Bulgaria, Italia, Holanda y la mía, una buena macedonia que se medio entiende en inglés, contando anécdotas de otros Caminos anteriores.


Me dan la cama de arriba al fondo.  Mike, el calvorota de la foto, roncaba como un cabrón pero yo no me enteraría hasta que me levanté a hacer pis sobre las cuatro y me encontré a Veronika desesperada por no poder dormir.  Yo me coloco los auriculares y le zumbo al volumen, pero siempre llevo unos tapones de espuma por si me quedo sin batería en el reproductory se los regalé.  Le explico que, en caso de emergencia supersónica, también se puede fabricar unos con papel higiénico humedecido.  Con Veronika, que me agradeció como tres veces en días sucesivos lo de los tapones, terminaríamos empatizando a base de coincidir a menudo.  El roce y eso, hace que la gente parezca menos imbécil.  A veces hasta agradable y todo...


El colchón estaba bien y dormí de puta madre, esa noche.  No recuerdo si soñé con camellos y arena o con danzas del vientre o con qué, la verdad.  Los relajantes musculares tienen esa ventaja, la de hacerte dormir a gusto.

Gastado en el día: 59 €
Doping: Dos lexatines, una de tramadol y otra de diclofenaco.  No cuento los dos lexatines del día anterior, el de los preparativos.

Si alguien quiere ver todas las fotos del día, las colgué en un album de feisbuc.

          Videos "Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2016"        
none
          SweetMeUp Boutique        
For more than seven years now Sweet me up boutique presents the pin up fashion and style in Bulgaria.The gourgeous tattoed models of the brand decorate with their beauty many tattoo conventions and spice the fantasies of the audience with their femininity and colored bodies.
          Gargamel - NEXT        
В “Bulgaria Tattoo Expo” ще вземат участие и едни страхотни художници - студио Гаргамел. Те са ни подготвили няколко страхотни изненади и демонстации с аерограф, да те рисуват с аерографи и то дяволкси добре. На “Bulgaria Tattoo Expo” ще представят за ПЪРВИ ПЪТ, новият им проект “NEXT”. “NEXT” е продукт свързан с изработката на Longbordove изцяло custom.
          SweetMeUp Boutique        
For more than seven years now Sweet me up boutique presents the pin up fashion and style in Bulgaria.The gourgeous tattoed models of the brand decorate with their beauty many tattoo conventions and spice the fantasies of the audience with their femininity and colored bodies.
          Bullet BG - Tattoo Seminar        
This year, ‘Bulgaria Tattoo Expo’ are organizing a Tattoo Seminar which will be led by Bullet BG. The seminar will take place at Rock It – the biggest rock/metal bar in our capital Sofia ( https://facebook.com/bar.RockIT ) on 17th April – Friday. Start of the senimar 2:00 pm.
          WIN a unique experience!        
СПЕЧЕЛИ уникално изживяване! Всеки, който посети Bulgaria Tattoo Expo и се регистрира безплатно в зала 3 на НДК на 18ти и 19ти Април, ще участва във томбола, организирана от Aerodium Bulgaria.
          Harley Davidson - Sofia        
Представяме ви Harley Davidson - Sofia, който ще вземат участие в Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2015. Tе ще представят няколко невероятни мотоциклета а също и много и разнообразни артикули както за мотористите така и за феновете на марката Harley Davidson.
          SweetMeUp Boutique        
For more than seven years now Sweet me up boutique presents the pin up fashion and style in Bulgaria.The gourgeous tattoed models of the brand decorate with their beauty many tattoo conventions and spice the fantasies of the audience with their femininity and colored bodies.
          Ð¡ÐŸÐ•Ð§Ð•Ð›Ð˜ уникално изживяване!        
СПЕЧЕЛИ уникално изживяване! Всеки, който посети Bulgaria Tattoo Expo и се регистрира безплатно в зала 3 на НДК на 7 и 8 Юни, ще участва във томбола, организирана от Aerodium Bulgaria.
          Gargamel - NEXT        
В “Bulgaria Tattoo Expo” ще вземат участие и едни страхотни художници - студио Гаргамел. Те са ни подготвили няколко страхотни изненади и демонстации с аерограф, да те рисуват с аерографи и то дяволкси добре. На “Bulgaria Tattoo Expo” ще представят за ПЪРВИ ПЪТ, новият им проект “NEXT”. “NEXT” е продукт свързан с изработката на Longbordove изцяло custom.
          Bullet BG - Tattoo Seminar        
This year, ‘Bulgaria Tattoo Expo’ are organizing a Tattoo Seminar which will be led by Bullet BG. The seminar will take place at Rock It – the biggest rock/metal bar in our capital Sofia ( https://facebook.com/bar.RockIT ) on 17th April – Friday. Start of the senimar 2:00 pm.
          WIN a unique experience!        
СПЕЧЕЛИ уникално изживяване! Всеки, който посети Bulgaria Tattoo Expo и се регистрира безплатно в зала 3 на НДК на 18ти и 19ти Април, ще участва във томбола, организирана от Aerodium Bulgaria.
          Harley Davidson - Sofia        
Представяме ви Harley Davidson - Sofia, който ще вземат участие в Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2015. Tе ще представят няколко невероятни мотоциклета а също и много и разнообразни артикули както за мотористите така и за феновете на марката Harley Davidson.
          Buy Tickets Terms        
Bulgaria Tattoo Expo - Tickets
          SweetMeUp Boutique        
For more than seven years now Sweet me up boutique presents the pin up fashion and style in Bulgaria.The gourgeous tattoed models of the brand decorate with their beauty many tattoo conventions and spice the fantasies of the audience with their femininity and colored bodies.
          Ð¡ÐŸÐ•Ð§Ð•Ð›Ð˜ уникално изживяване!        
СПЕЧЕЛИ уникално изживяване! Всеки, който посети Bulgaria Tattoo Expo и се регистрира безплатно в зала 3 на НДК на 7 и 8 Юни, ще участва във томбола, организирана от Aerodium Bulgaria.
          Gargamel - NEXT        
В “Bulgaria Tattoo Expo” ще вземат участие и едни страхотни художници - студио Гаргамел. Те са ни подготвили няколко страхотни изненади и демонстации с аерограф, да те рисуват с аерографи и то дяволкси добре. На “Bulgaria Tattoo Expo” ще представят за ПЪРВИ ПЪТ, новият им проект “NEXT”. “NEXT” е продукт свързан с изработката на Longbordove изцяло custom.
          Bullet BG - Tattoo Seminar        
This year, ‘Bulgaria Tattoo Expo’ are organizing a Tattoo Seminar which will be led by Bullet BG. The seminar will take place at Rock It – the biggest rock/metal bar in our capital Sofia ( https://facebook.com/bar.RockIT ) on 17th April – Friday. Start of the senimar 2:00 pm.
          WIN a unique experience!        
СПЕЧЕЛИ уникално изживяване! Всеки, който посети Bulgaria Tattoo Expo и се регистрира безплатно в зала 3 на НДК на 18ти и 19ти Април, ще участва във томбола, организирана от Aerodium Bulgaria.
          Dear Friends        
As we announced earlier, the third edition of Bulgaria Tattoo Expo will take place on 16/17 april 2016. We will be again at the National Palace of Culture, Hall 3. This year the event gathered 75 artist, who worked and had fun with visitors from Bulgaria, Macedonia, Greece, Italy, England and Spain. We organized a seminar with the amazing artist BulletBG. You probably also saw him, while he was tattooing at the event. We were visited by over 4000 people, who were entertained by the participants and our partners. The sound from the tattoo machines was combined with the Dj's music and the roar of the Harley Davidson bikes, specially delivered for the event. The tattoo competitions are a traditional part of our event. They brought to the artists and guests not only positive emotions, but also lots of prizes provided by our sponsors. For this year and all years ahead, we are raising our goals and we will try to overdo them, because we have a mission and we believe that tattoo art fans all around Europe need this kind of events. We are expecting you at the third edition of Bulgaria Tattoo Expo!
          Harley Davidson - Sofia        
Представяме ви Harley Davidson - Sofia, който ще вземат участие в Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2015. Tе ще представят няколко невероятни мотоциклета а също и много и разнообразни артикули както за мотористите така и за феновете на марката Harley Davidson.
          TATTOO AWARDS 2016        
‘Bulgaria Tattoo Expo’ is an event with a competitive character, prestigious awards will be handed and all this will come with proper, individual, strict and fair treatment towards each participant. The categories in which participants will fight are divided in two days – five in each + Best of the day.
          Videos "Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2016"        
none
          SweetMeUp Boutique        
For more than seven years now Sweet me up boutique presents the pin up fashion and style in Bulgaria.The gourgeous tattoed models of the brand decorate with their beauty many tattoo conventions and spice the fantasies of the audience with their femininity and colored bodies.
          TRIP HOUSE        
TRIP HOUSE-tattoo and piercing shop Official Dealer for Bulgaria- Eternal Ink
          Sullen Clothing Bulgaria        
Sullen Clothing Bulgaria
          SweetMeUp Boutique        
For more than seven years now Sweet me up boutique presents the pin up fashion and style in Bulgaria.The gourgeous tattoed models of the brand decorate with their beauty many tattoo conventions and spice the fantasies of the audience with their femininity and colored bodies.
          PaIndora        
Alternative Jewellery and Accessories! Custom stuff ! Just write me what you like !! www.paindora.com Located in Plovdiv , Bulgaria . paindorajewellery@gmail.com
          TRIP HOUSE        
TRIP HOUSE-tattoo and piercing shop Official Dealer for Bulgaria- Eternal Ink
          TATTOOMED AFTERCARE        
The company , which is TATTOOMED in Bulgaria is Makaveli Ltd., but it is not important at the moment. important is the brand and products : TATTOMED - care products tattooed skin created by medical specialists and tattoos especially for the comfort of your tattoos.
          SweetMeUp Boutique        
For more than seven years now Sweet me up boutique presents the pin up fashion and style in Bulgaria.The gourgeous tattoed models of the brand decorate with their beauty many tattoo conventions and spice the fantasies of the audience with their femininity and colored bodies.
          PaIndora        
Alternative Jewellery and Accessories! Custom stuff ! Just write me what you like !! www.paindora.com Located in Plovdiv , Bulgaria . paindorajewellery@gmail.com
          TRIP HOUSE        
TRIP HOUSE-tattoo and piercing shop Official Dealer for Bulgaria- Eternal Ink
          TATTOOMED AFTERCARE        
The company , which is TATTOOMED in Bulgaria is Makaveli Ltd., but it is not important at the moment. important is the brand and products : TATTOMED - care products tattooed skin created by medical specialists and tattoos especially for the comfort of your tattoos.
          Sullen Clothing Bulgaria        
Sullen Clothing Bulgaria
          Videos "Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2016"        
none
          Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2015        
Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2015
          Videos "Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2016"        
none
          Tattoo Artists 2014        
Tattoo Artists from Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2014
          Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2014- album 2        
Bulgaria Tattoo expo - album 2
          Videos "Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2016"        
none
          Bulgaria Tattoo Expo - album 1        
Bulgaria Tattoo Expo - album 2
          Tattoo Artists 2014        
Tattoo Artists from Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2014
          Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2014- album 2        
Bulgaria Tattoo expo - album 2
          Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2015        
Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2015
          Videos "Bulgaria Tattoo Expo 2016"        
none
          Bulgaria Tattoo Expo - album 1        
Bulgaria Tattoo Expo - album 2
          jadwal pertandingan sepak bola seluruh liga luar negri        

updated every 1 min., don't refresh Last Update: 25/04/2010 15:12:46
LiveScores - Live Scores and Results
25 April
ENGLAND: Barclays PremiershipStats
14:0055Aston Villa0 : 0Birmingham
17:00Everton- : -Fulham
17:00Burnley- : -Liverpool
18:00Chelsea- : -Stoke City
ITALY: Serie AStats
16:00Juventus- : -Bari
16:00Napoli- : -Cagliari
16:00Livorno- : -Catania
16:00Fiorentina- : -Chievo
16:00Genoa- : -Lazio
16:00Bologna- : -Parma
16:00Udinese- : -Siena
21:45Roma- : -Sampdoria
ITALY: Prima Divisione AStats
16:00Viareggio- : -Lecco
16:00Novara- : -Cremonese
16:00Perugia- : -Benevento
16:00Figline- : -Arezzo
16:00Pro Patria- : -Foligno
16:00Alessandria- : -Lumezzane
16:00Pergocrema- : -Paganese
16:00Varese- : -Monza
16:00Como- : -Sorrento
ITALY: Prima divisione BStats
16:00Giulianova- : -Cavese
16:00Foggia- : -Pescara
16:00Andria BAT- : -Pescina
16:00Potenza- : -Portogruaro
16:00Cosenza- : -Ravenna
16:00Virtus Lanciano- : -Rimini
16:00Reggiana- : -Spal
16:00Verona- : -Taranto
16:00Real Marcianise- : -Ternana
SPAIN: Primera DivisionStats
18:00Mallorca- : -Malaga
18:00Almeria- : -Espanyol
18:00Racing Santander- : -Villarreal
18:00Sporting Gijon- : -Valladolid
20:00Atletico Madrid- : -Tenerife
22:00Getafe- : -Sevilla
SPAIN: Liga AdelanteStats
13:00FTFC Cartagena1 : 1Real Sociedad
18:00Cordoba- : -Levante
18:00Hercules- : -Salamanca
18:00Recreativo Huelva- : -Numancia
18:00Cadiz- : -Girona
GERMANY: BundesligaStats
16:30Hoffenheim- : -Hamburger
18:30Freiburg- : -Wolfsburg
GERMANY: 2. BundesligaStats
14:3042Arminia Bielefeld0 : 1Fortuna Dusseldorf
14:30FTFSV Frankfurt0 : 0Augsburg
14:30FT1860 Munchen2 : 1Oberhausen
GERMANY: 3. LigaStats
15:0012Ingolstadt0 : 1Stuttgart Am
GERMANY: Regionalliga NordStats
14:0060Hamburger Am0 : 1Hertha Am
14:3042Plauen1 : 0Hallescher FC
14:3042ZFC Meuselwitz0 : 0Wolfsburg Am
14:3042Magdeburg1 : 0Chemnitzer
15:0011Turkiyemspor Berlin0 : 0St. Pauli II
FRANCE: Ligue 1Stats
18:00Lens- : -Valenciennes
18:00Toulouse- : -Auxerre
22:00Marseille- : -Saint-Etienne
SCOTLAND: Premier LeagueStats
14:15HTDundee United0 : 1Celtic
16:30Hibernian- : -Rangers
PORTUGAL: Liga SagresStats
18:00Leixoes- : -Academica
18:00Nacional- : -Pacos de Ferreira
20:00Naval- : -Braga
22:15Leiria- : -Sporting
PORTUGAL: Liga de HonraStats
13:15FTTrofense5 : 2Santa Clara
17:00Freamunde- : -Gil Vicente
18:00Chaves- : -Carregado
18:00Beira Mar- : -Penafiel
18:00Oliveirense- : -Sp. Covilha
18:00Varzim- : -Fatima
NETHERLANDS: Gatorade Cup
19:00Ajax- : -Feyenoord
BELGIUM: Jupiler LeagueStats
19:00Genk- : -Germinal Beerschot
19:00Charleroi- : -Standard
21:30Anderlecht- : -Gent
BELGIUM: EXQI LeagueStats
16:00Tienen- : -KVSK United
16:00RC Tournai- : -Tubize
16:00Standard Wetteren- : -Dender EH
16:00FC Brussels- : -Eupen
16:00Antwerp- : -Oud-Heverlee
16:00FC Liege- : -Boussu Dour Borinage
16:00Beveren- : -Turnhout
16:00Lierse- : -Waasland
16:00Mons- : -Oostende
ALBANIA: Kategoria SuperioreStats
15:0011Apolonia0 : 0Kastrioti
15:0011Vllaznia0 : 0Flamurtari
15:0011Teuta0 : 0Skenderbeu
15:0011Shkumbini0 : 0Dinamo Tirana
15:0011Tirana0 : 0KS Gramozi Erseke
15:0011Laci0 : 0Besa
ARMENIA: Premier LeagueStats
15:0012Ulisses0 : 0Kilikia
15:0010Banants0 : 0Pyunik
15:0012Mika0 : 0Gandzasar
15:0011Impuls0 : 0Shirak
AUSTRIA: tipp3-BundesligaStats
16:30Austria V- : -Mattersburg
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA: Premier LigaStats
15:0011Slavija0 : 0Velez M.
17:30Zrinjski- : -Olimpik Sarajevo
17:30Siroki Brijeg- : -Laktasi
17:30FK Zvijezda- : -Sarajevo
20:30Borac BL- : -Travnik
BULGARIA: A PFGStats
16:00Lokomotiv Sofia- : -Cherno More
17:00Sliven- : -Sportist Svoge
19:30Liteks- : -Chernomorets Burgas
CYPRUS: 1. DivisionStats
17:00E.N.P. Paralimni- : -APOP Kinuras
17:00AEL- : -Ethnikos Achnas
17:30Omonia- : -Apollon Limassol
CZECH REP.: Gambrinus LigaStats
18:00Kladno- : -Slovacko
18:00Olomouc- : -Slavia Praha
18:00Boleslav- : -Teplice
CZECH REP.: Druha LeagueStats
18:00Karvina- : -Sparta Prague B
18:00Hradec Kralove- : -Trinec
DENMARK: SAS LigaenStats
15:0011AGF Aarhus0 : 0Koge
17:00FC Kobenhavn- : -AaB Aalborg
17:00FC Nordsjaelland- : -Sonderjylland
19:00Esbjerg- : -Brondby
DENMARK: Viasat Sport DivisionenStats
14:5022Vejle0 : 0FC Vestsjaelland
16:00Frem- : -Thisted
16:00Viborg- : -Hvidovre IF
16:00Lyngby- : -Naestved
17:00Horsens- : -Skive IK
20:00FC Fyn- : -FC Roskilde
FINLAND: VeikkausliigaStats
18:30KuPS- : -Lahti
18:30Jaro- : -Inter Turku
19:00Mariehamn- : -Vaasan PS
FINLAND: YkkonenStats
14:00HTHameenlinna1 : 1PoPa
18:30
          Bulgarian Carrot Chilli        
by Daniel Carruthers In March we embarked on a project to grow a selection of chilli peppers. These ranged from the very mild to the very hot and these have been plotted on a scale. The scale starts at 1 with the mildest chilli, Anaheim, and each time you move up the scale the heat […]
          Jobs in UK - USA - EU - UAE | Job Seeker | Job Provider        
Search and apply to jobs in UK, USA, Canada, GreenLand, EU. Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hungary; Ireland; Italy on the #1 job site in the World,http://www.empme.com/
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 06-02-2015 with Barry Roark        
Playlist:

Pinback- Grey Machine - Offcell
Bob Moses- First To Cry - All In All
Pizzicato Five- I Hear A Symphony - Playboy Playgirl
Stereophonics- Dont Let Me Down - I Am Sam Music From And Inspired By The Motion Picture
The Reejers- Ohms - Ohms
Joe Pug- Downbound Train - Dead Mans Town A Tribute To Born In The USA
Courtney Barnett- Avant Gardener - The Double EP A Sea Of Split Peas
Two Tone Wolf Pack- Wind Blows - Crooked Medicine EP
Fort Knox Five- Mission To The Sitars - Pressurize The Cabin
Amy Winehouse- Back To Black - Back To Black
Plaid- Scoobs - Peel Session
Nick Waterhouse- High Tiding - Holly
Chrome Hoof- Drobe Out - Chrome Black Gold
DeVotchKa- Queen Of The Surface Streets - Una Volta
Belle And Sebastian- The Everlasting Muse - Girls In Peacetime Want To Dance
Greensky Bluegrass- Cant Make Time - Five Interstates
Compilation- Junco Partner - The Sandinista Project
Lay Low- Gently - Talking About The Weather
Charles Bradley- Through The Storm feat Menahan Street Band - Victim Of Love
- voicebreak -
Red House Painters- Cruiser - Old Ramon
Mark Ernestus Ben Zabo- Wari Vo Dubwise - Glitterbeat Dubs Versions I
Giant Giant Sand- Forever A Day - Return To Tucson
- voicebreak -
Sleepin Giantz- Badungdeng - Tru Thoughts 15th Anniversary Deluxe Version
Red Snapper- Heavy Petting - Cd
Shakey Graves- If Not For You - And The War Came
- voicebreak -
Woog Riots- Mark E Smith Brix - A Tribute To The Fall Perverted By Mark E
Le Mystere Des Voix Bulgares- Sofia Sound Machine - From Bulgaria With Love
The Only Ones- Another Girl Another Planet - Special View
Lapcat- Pigeon Point - Blitzpop
Horse Feathers- What We Become - So It Is With Us
Grandaddy- LFO - Colonel Jeffrey Pumpernickel


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2015-06-02
          Drupal Global Sprint Weekend January 28, 2017 and January 29, 2017        

Small local sprints everywhere (well, not everywhere, but anywhere) will be held during the weekend of January 28 and 29 2017. Listed alphabetically by continent, country, locality (state, province, city; where applicable).


Sprint Locations

Worldwide/Virtual

  1. Remote sprint with an Accessibility focus - join the remotesprint Slack group for more. You need to join the Drupal Slack Group first (it's a lovely excuse to join if you never have)

Africa

  1. ?

Asia

  1. India

    1. Mohali, Chandigarh- Jan 28 - Details
    2. Gurgaon, Delhi-NCR - Jan 28 - Details
    3. Chennai, Tamil Nadu - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup
    4. Bangalore, Karnataka - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup
    5. Hyderabad, Telangana - Jan 28 - Groups.Drupal.org, Meetup

Australia

  1. Canberra, #govCMS Camp, Jan 30-31 Register & details

Europe

  1. Belgium

    1. Ghent, Jan 28th, Belgian DUG & Calibrate - details
  2. Bulgaria

    1. Sofia Jan 29 BulDUG - initLab Details
  3. Germany

    1. Berlin Jan 28-29 Drupal Berlin Details
  4. Italy

    1. Milan Jan 28 @Wellnet Details and application
  5. Russia

    1. Novosibirsk Jan 28-29 DrupalSib (Details will follow)
  6. Switzerland

    1. Zurich Jan 28 @ AmazeeLabs Meetup details
  7. United Kingdom

    1. London Jan 28 @Manifesto Digital Details
    2. Sheffield Jan 28-29 by Drupal Yorkshire, Union St & Magnetic Phield Details
  8. Netherland

    1. Amsterdam Jan 28-29 Details
  9. Hungary

    1. Budapest Jan 28 @Cheppers Details
  10. Poland

    1. Wroclaw Jan 28 @Ratio Web; details, FB
    1. Warsaw Jan 28 @New Emma Hostel; details, FB
  11. Serbia

    1. Novi Sad, Jan 28 @Develomon, details: drupal.rs
  12. Spain

    1. Cáceres, Jan 28th, details
    2. Bilbao, Jan 28th, details
    3. Sevilla, Jan 28th, details
  13. Slovenia

    1. Ljubljana, Jan 28 @ Agiledrop, details: g.d.o, Meetup

Latin America

  1. Argentina
    1. Buenos Aires, Jan 28th, @MediaMonks details
  2. Perú
    1. Lima, Jan 28th, CTIC-UNI details

Canada & US

  1. Canada
    1. Toronto, Canada - Jan 28 - Details
    2. London, Ontario, Canada - Jan 28 - Details
    3. Vancouver, BC, Canada - Jan 27 @ 5pm - Jan 28 - Details
  2. US
    1. Georgia, Atlanta - Jan 28-29 - Details
    2. Massachusetts, Boston - Jan 28-29 - Details
    3. North Carolina, Charlotte - Jan 28 - Details
    4. Texas, Austin - Jan 28-29 - Details
    5. NYC, New York - Jan 28 - Details

To contribute

This is a wiki page. Please edit.


To participate

  • use "Drupal Global Sprint Weekend 2017" in the description of your sprint meetup, sprint camp session, mini-sprint, wind-sprint, or all-day sprint, like: "Drupal All-day Sprint in Anywhere Town, IL, USA is part of Drupal Global Sprint Weekend 2017."
  • add a link to your sprint on this page. The link can be to a website, meetup, event on groups.drupal.org, blog post or whatever is appropriate for your event.
  • link back to this listing of local sprints
  • add an "event" of type "sprint" on groups.drupal.org in a group for your area, to put your sprint on drupical.com and get exposure to people in your area
  • use the #SprintWeekend hash tag on twitter
  • use the tag "SprintWeekend2017" on d.o issues (no # in this tag name!)

Suggested announcement

A blurb to add to your session/event description (edit to fit your event):

Everyone is welcome; if you have built a site in Drupal, you can contribute. We will split into groups and work on Drupal core issues. Bring your laptop. For new folks: you can get a head start also by making an account on Drupal.org, getting some contribution tools, and developers can install git before coming and git clone Drupal 8 core.

Resources to help plan your sprint

Resources for participating in a sprint

(needs updating for 2017, but this is a start)

Issues and Topics to Sprint On

Initiative leads and module maintainers should create and link to planning pages.

Past global sprints

The curious might want to see the locations from 2016, 2015, 2014 and 2013.


          The Shadow Land: A Novel by Elizabeth Kostova        
The Shadow Land: A Novel by Elizabeth Kostova

In 2008, a young woman from the Blue Ridge Mountains, who loves poetry and literature, arrives in Bulgaria. She’s been hired to teach English but has a month to explore on her own. Jet-lagged, at the wrong hotel and in need of rest and a shower, it’s not surprising Alexandra makes a terrible mistake while simply trying to help a family with their luggage. It’s not the first awful mistake she’s made, either.

In the late 1930s, a 20-something violin virtuoso, who has everything in the world to look forward to, slips back to his Bulgarian hometown on the eve of World War II. When the conflict is over, Stoyan Lazarov has very good reason to believe his talent will grant him fame. So what if he has to play second chair for now in a provincial orchestra? He has the love of his life, brilliant talent and enough patience. But musical genius though he may be, he has not factored in the crushing power of the political police.

In 2008, Alexandra’s and Stoyan’s paths will cross, and their separate, shameful secrets will be laid bare. Elizabeth Kostova’s The Shadow Land is at once a historical mystery and a modern thriller. There is true bravery and true love in this page-turner that spans decades, even as it illuminates an ancient country’s marvels and sorrows.


          Re: JOHN and ANNA WOG, SURPRISE VALLEY        
Hi Family may have submitted family history/ stories to the Local History Book Project in the mid to late 1980's
Perhaps digitalized - to be viewed online at
OurRoots / Nos Racines -


Margie, you searched 1916 Canada Census - Weyburn Sask
and have the following information -
Perhaps researching - through the children - will help find the information you are searching form
WOG, John 53 born Austria /Hungary aprox 1863
WOG, Anna 49 born Austria /Hungary aprox 1867
WOG, Peter 29 born North Dakota USA aprox 1887
Perhaps
WOG, John P 31 born Hungary aprox 1885
WOG, Lina 29 born Bulgaria aprox 1887
WOG, John 8 born USA aprox 1908
WOG, Joseph 6 born North Dakota USA - aprox: 1900
WOG, Peter 4 born North Dakota USA
WOG, Nikalas 2. born Saskatchwan Canada

Per5haps family connected - Dcd North Battleford Sask
Online There is an Obituary for Anne Marie WOG
Spouse Joseph WOG - deceased - Son Harold WOG deceased
Parents Ben & Helen GERMAN

          The Shadow Land        

Cover art for The Shadow LandBulgaria, which lies along the Black Sea coast in Europe, is an ancient country whose capital city of Sofia dates from the Fifth century. Ottoman Turks, tsars and Soviet-style communists have all had a crack at ruling the country, which is now a parliamentary democratic republic. The legacy of Bulgaria’s shifting governance and political instability drives Elizabeth Kostova’s novel, The Shadow Land.  

 

New college grad Alexandra Boyd is an American abroad. She’s just arrived in Sofia and reaches out to help an elderly couple struggling down the steep steps of the upscale Hotel Forest. No good deed goes unpunished as a cab ride later, she realizes she’s accidentally mixed a piece of their luggage in with hers. With the help of her taxi driver, nicknamed Bobby, Alexandra starts a journey in attempt to return the bag which contains a deeply personal item: the ashes of a man named Stoyan Lazarov. And while Americans like Alexandra turn to the police for help, Bobby isn’t as trusting of the new state’s authority. As the pair crisscrosses Bulgaria tracking the elusive Lazarov family, they realize they, too, are being followed.

 

At its heart, this story is gripping historical fiction. As Alexandra and Bobby gradually piece together the life of Stoyan Lazarov, they also uncover the horror of government-sanctioned “work camps,” survivor’s guilt and unending atonement. A recent past that won’t stay hidden looms, threatening all of Bulgaria with its darkness. Readers who enjoy historical fiction with a political bent, such as The Hired Man by Aminatta Forna or Anthony Marra’s A Constellation of Vital Phenomena, should add The Shadow Land to their reading list.


          Matkalla pakolaiskriisin ytimeen - Greenpeace pakolaisten apuna Lesvoksella osa 1        

 

Image.. 

Tässä blogisarjassa Timo Puohiniemi kertoo kokemuksistaan Lesvoksen saarella, jossa hän toimi vapaaehtoisena Greenpeacen ja Lääkärit ilman rajoja -järjestön yhteisprojektissa pakolaisten auttamiseksi.  Timo on työskennellyt ja ollut vapaaehtoisena Greenpeacella viimeisen 12 vuoden ajan. Tällä hetkellä hän työskentelee myös tuulivoimaloiden korjaajana sekä venekouluttajana.

Katselen lentokoneen ikkunasta alhaalla piirtyviä maisemia. En voi olla miettimättä, mikä etuoikeus on syntyä Euroopan rajojen sisäpuolella. Karttoihin piirretyt viivat eivät rajoita minua, vaikka Euroopan ulkopuolella syntyneet ihmiset ne sulkevat ulos. Tälläkin hetkellä naiset, miehet ja lapset valmistautuvat hengenvaaralliseen matkaan, joka heidän täytyy tehdä päästäkseen rajan yli Turkista Eurooppaan.

Olen ollut mukana Greenpeacen toiminnassa yli 10 vuotta, mutta tällainen tilanne on minulle aivan uusi. Päämääräni on Kreikassa sijaitseva Lesvoksen saari, jolla Greenpeace ja Lääkärit ilman rajoja auttavat hädänalaisia ihmisiä.

No niin, jotta tästä kaikesta saisi jonkinlaisen yleiskuvan, täytyy minun ensin luetella muutamia lukuja. Ne kertovat karua tarinaa ja mikä pahinta, ne eivät ole vain numeroita paperilla vaan myös oikeita ihmisiä.

Varovaisen arvion mukaan maapallollamme on noin 60 miljoonaa kodistaan paennutta ihmistä. Heistä puolet ovat kotimaansa sisäisiä pakolaisia. Kutsumme kodeistaan paenneita ihmisiä pakolaisiksi, vaikka heillä ei vielä olisikaan YK:n virallista pakolaisstatusta. Ihmissmäärää on vaikea hahmottaa, mutta vertailun vuoksi: Iso-Britannian väkiluku suunnilleen sama, noin 60 miljoonaa ihmistä.

Olen kuullut ihmisten valittavan, kuinka kaikki pakolaiset pyrkivät juuri Eurooppaan. Itse asiassa se ei pidä paikkaansa. 60 miljoonasta pakolaisesta vain 1 miljoona yritti päästä Eurooppaan vuonna 2015.

Image..

Euroopan väkimäärä on noin 500 miljoonaa ihmistä. Vertailukohdaksi voi ottaa vaikka Libanonin, jossa asuu 4,4 miljoonaa ihmistä. Heistä 1,5 miljoonaa on pakolaisia. Lähes joka neljäs Libanonissa asuva ihminen on siis pakolainen.

Minusta järkyttävintä oli kuitenkin kuulla, kuinka suuri osa ihmisistä antaa henkensä salakuljettajien käsiin. Vain 34 000 pakolaista yrittää päästä EU:hun maitse Kreikassa tai Bulgariassa. Loput koettavat ylittää rajan laivoilla ja veneillä. Noin 150 000 pakolaista matkusti meriteitse Pohjois-Afrikasta Italiaan ja 850 000 pakolaista Turkista Kreikan saarille. Kreikkaan tulleista puoli miljoonaa rantautui Lesvoksen saarelle. Vuonna 2015 pakolaisten määrä kasvoi räjähdysmäisesti. Turkin pakolaisleireillä asuu 1,9 miljoonaa ihmistä sellaisissa olosuhteissa, joita meidän on vaikea edes kuvitella. Epätoivoinen tilanne vaatii epätoivoisia tekoja. Niinpä he maksavat 500-3000 euroa salakuljettajalle, joka lupaa kuljettaa heidät 10 kilometrin matkan Turkista Kreikkaan. Hinta vaihtelee sään, veneen kunnon ja sen mukaan, kuinka paljon ihmisiä veneeseen lastataan. Mitä halvempi matka on, sitä epävarmempaa on perillepääsy. Vene voi olla todella kurjassa kunnossa ja siihen on yleensä lastattu 40-60 ihmistä, mikä on aivan liikaa veneen kokoon nähden.

Vuonna 2015 tällä matkalla hukkui tai katosi päivittäin keskimäärin kymmenen ihmistä. Ja samaan aikaan on ihmisiä, jotka ostavat parikymmentä euroa maksavan lauttalipun ja matkustavat meren yli ilman mitään vaaraa. Heillä vain sattuu olemaan oikeanlaiset paperit taskussaan. Kuolemantapaukset koskettavat, mutta hyvin koskettavaa on myös se valtava ihmismäärä, joka maapallollamme on liikkeellä. Nämä ovat syitä sille, että myös Greenpeace, Lääkärit ilman rajoja ja monet muut järjestöt ovat päättäneet työskennellä alueella.

Image..

Minulla on siis mielessäni enemmän kysymyksiä kuin vastauksia saapuessani Lesvokselle. On vaikea ymmärtää, keitä ovat nämä ihmiset, jotka vaarantavat henkensä matkallaan Eurooppaan. Ja mitä tapahtuu pienelle Lesvoksen saarelle, kun sen läpi virtasi kiireisimpinä aikoina jopa 4000 ihmistä päivittäin? Mutta eniten mieltäni vaivaa kysymys siitä, miksi 97 prosenttia näistä hädänalaisista ihmisistä joutuu lähestymään Eurooppaa meren kautta ja antamaan henkensä salakuljettajien käsiin, kun eurooppalaiset voivat kulkea halvalla ja helposti minne mielivätkin?

Tapahtuu seuraavassa osassa:

Sää huononee ja aallot lyövät yli metrin korkeuteen. Toivon sydämeni pohjasta, ettei kukaan lähtisi ylittämään merta tällä säällä. Ja kuitenkin minulle on kerrottu, että toisella rannalla on ihmisiä, jotka rukoilevat sään käyvän kurjemmaksi. Silloin laivamatka maksaa vähemmän ja heillä on siihen varaa.


          A Lesson from Scandinavia        
  • During the years 2005 and 2006, American sociologist Phil Zuckerman spent fourteen months in Denmark and Sweden to study these two societies. In a recent book, he reports these findings: (1)
  • Denmark and Sweden have among the lowest rates of violent crime in the world. (pp. 28-29) (2)
  • Denmark and Sweden have the lowest rates of HIV and AIDS in the world. (p. 27)
  • Sweden is third and Denmark is fifth in the world in economic competitiveness. (p. 27)
  • On gender equality, Denmark is second and Sweden is third in the world. (p. 27)
  • On access to the Internet, Sweden is third and Denmark is fourth in the world. (p. 28)
  • Denmark and Sweden are tied for the lowest infant mortality rates in the world with Norway, Iceland, Japan, and Singapore. (p. 26)
  • Denmark and Sweden are tied for first place with the Netherlands in the health and safety of children. (p. 26)
  • Denmark ranks fourth and Sweden ranks eighth in the world in the standard of living. (p. 27)
  • Political corruption is virtually non-existent in Denmark and Sweden. (p. 28)
  • Denmark and Sweden are tied for first in the world in a recent international study of social justice (p. 30) (3), and
  • Denmark ranks second and Sweden ranks third in the world in financial aid to poor nations. (p. 29)


Thus, according to Zuckerman, Danes and Swedes are among the most contented and generous people on the planet. But that's not all that Zuckerman has to report about these two nations. Remarkably, he notes, two of the most prosperous societies in the world are also two of the least religious. (4) Indeed, a huge majority in both countries are atheists or agnostics. Only 24% of Danes and 16% of Swedes believe in a personal God compared to more than 90% in the United States. (p. 24) Only 18% of Danes and 33% of Swedes believe in heaven compared to 80% of Americans. Only 10% of Danes and Swedes believe in hell compared to 75% of Americans. (p. 11, pp. 24-25) This is the lowest rate of belief in hell in the entire world! (p. 25) Next, only 7% of Danes and 3% of Swedes believe that the Bible is the literal word of God compared to 33% in the United States. (p. 25) Further, Danes and Swedes have the lowest church attendance in the world with only 3% of Danes and 7% of Swedes attending regularly. (p. 25, p. 162) (5) Also, only 8% of Danes and 15% of Swedes consider it important for a politician to believe in God compared to 64% of Americans who do (p. 12), and contrary to public and private practice in America, very few Danes and Swedes pray. (p. 2) Finally, more than 80% of Danes and Swedes accept evolution while less than half our population does. (p. 10) (6)

Professor Zuckerman sees an important lesson for us in his study of Denmark and Sweden. Contrary to what we've heard from "certain outspoken conservative Christians" (7), the sociologist suggests, a secular society need not be a scene of violence and depravity. (p. 4, pp. 17-18) Denmark and Sweden, he says, are not only "impressive models of societal health" (p. 17) but living proof that humans can survive and prosper without religion. (pp. 55-56) (8)


 

  1. Zuckerman reports his findings in Society without God: What the Least Religious Nations Can Tell Us About Contentment, New York University Press, 2008. All references hereinafter are to page numbers of this book.
  2. For instance, in Aarhus, Denmark, a city of 250,000 residents, there was a total of one murder in 2004. (p. 6)
  3. This study was done by a German group of social scientists associated with an institute called Hans-Bocker Stiftung. (p. 30) Denmark and Sweden are not without problems, however. Taxes are high, there is social friction due to recent waves of immigration, children eat too much candy, rates of bicycle thefts are high, fertility rates are low, and alcohol consumption is high. (p. 34)
  4. Other irreligious societies are the Netherlands, the Czech Republic, South Korea, Estonia, France, Japan, Bulgaria, Norway, England, Scotland, Wales, Hungary, and Belgium. (p. 25) Zuckerman points out that in all of these relatively secular societies the citizens freely gravitated from a religious to an irreligious perspective unlike North Korea, the former Soviet Union, China, and Albania where the governments attempted to impose secularism on the citizens. Zuckerman says that forced secularism doesn't work. See pp. 20-22.
  5. Paradoxically, despite the fact that most Danes and Swedes are atheists or agnostics and don't attend church regularly, 83% of Danes and 80% of Swedes continue voluntarily to pay a tax to the National Church, which is Lutheran (p. 112), and many hold traditional events such as weddings, baptisms, confirmations, and funerals in church. Zuckerman says that Danes and Swedes, while rejecting the supernatural dimensions of Christianity - Jesus performed miracles, Jesus was God, Jesus rose from the dead, the Bible is God's revelation, the Genesis account of creation is accurate, there is an afterlife with a heaven and a hell, etc. – maintain a "cultural religion" similar to many Jews. (pp. 153-155) Oddly, in Denmark a person may be a pastor and an atheist. (p. 154)
  6. Despite the fact that Danes and Swedes are irreligious, they are not hostile to religion, they shun serious discussions of it, they deem a person's views about religion a private matter, and many non-believers dislike being labeled an atheist because they take the term to imply hostility to religion. Further, many non-believers self-identify as "Christians." When one asks them what it means to be a Christian, they say it means being kind, helping people who need help, not hurting others, etc. As a rule they reject the supernatural components. See Chapter 8, "Cultural Religion," pp. 150-166. Also, see pp. 97-109.
  7. Zuckerman lists the following examples of Christian conservatives who claim that a society that is irreligious will fail: Pat Robertson, the late Jerry Falwell, Ann Coulter, Bill O'Reilly, Laura Schlesinger, William Bennett, Rush Limbaugh, and Paul Weyrich. (p. 4, pp. 17-18)
  8. American fundamentalists will no doubt object to Zuckerman's strongly favorable evaluation of Denmark and Sweden by noting that in these countries abortion has been legal for more than thirty years, prostitution is legal, and homosexuality is tolerated.

© 2008 Tom Shipka


          România susÅ£ine ideea construirii unui nou pod peste Dunăre, către Ruse        
România susÅ£ine ideea construirii unui nou pod peste Dunăre, către oraşul Ruse, Bulgaria, a declarat secretarul de stat din MDRT Marcel Boloş, potrivit Mediafax. “Un asemenea proiect ar contribui foarte mult la sporirea mobilităţii populaÅ£iei şi ar ajuta mediul de afaceri. Noi suntem foarte deschişi să avem o strategie comună pentru Dunăre, atât în ce priveşte partea […]
          Madzharovo: the Bulgarian sound        

Madzharovo: the Bulgarian sound

Photo by dedov


          Negara-negara Asal Sepakbola Deg-degan Menunggu Pengundian        

Pengundian babak kualifikasi Piala Dunia 2018 akan dilakukan Sabtu malam, sekitar pukul 23.00 WIB. Di bawah ini adalah daftar unggulan dan berbagai skenario buruk maupun baik yang bisa menimpa negara-negara asal sepakbola: Inggris, Wales, Skotlandia dan Irlandia Utara.

Berita Bola: Negara-negara Asal Sepakbola Deg-degan Menunggu Pengundian
Pot 1: Jerman, Belgia, Belanda, Portugal, Romania, Inggris, Wales, Spanyol, Kroasia
Pot 2: Slovakia, Austria, Italia, Swiss, Republik Ceko, Prancis, Islandia, Denmark, Bosnia-Herzegovina
Pot 3: Ukraina, Skotlandia, Polandia, Hungaria, Swedia, Albania, Irlandia Utara, Serbia, Yunani
Pot 4: Turki, Slovenia, Israel, Republik Irlandia, Norwegia, Bulgaria, Kepulauan Faroe, Montenegro, Estonia
Pot 5: Siprus, Latvia, Armenia, Finlandia, Belarusia, Makedonia, Azerbaijan, Lithuania, Moldova
Pot 6: Kazakhstan, Luksemburg, Liechtenstein, Georgia, Malta, San Marino, Andorra
Inggris dan Wales tidak mungkin bertemu dalam satu grup karena mereka sama-sama tim unggulan yang masuk dalam Pot 1.
Namun, mereka masih bisa ketemu dengan negara tertentu dari Pot 2 seperti Italia (saat ini peringkat 17 di dunia) atau Perancis (peringkat 22), sementara tandang ke negara-negara tertentu seperti Swedia, Polandia atau Ukraina bisa menjadi laga yang sulit.
Wales, Irlandia Utara dan Skotlandia bisa saja masuk ke dalam grup yang berisikan lima tim, bukan enam – yang dapat membantu peluang mereka lolos ke putaran final di Rusia.
Tim-tim Eropa akan dibagi ke dalam sembilan kelompok – tujuh grup dengan enam tim dan dua grup hanya beranggotakan lima tim.
Berikut adalah skenario terbaik dan terburuk dari empat negara asal sepakbola itu.
Inggris
Tiket impian:
Inggris, Islandia, Albania, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova, Andorra
Skenario terburuk:
Inggris, Italia, Swedia, Turki, Finlandia, Kazakhstan
Wales
Tiket impian:
Wales, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Albania, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova
Skenario terburuk:
Wales, Prancis, Ukraina, Turki, Siprus, Georgia
Skotlandia
Tiket impian:
Skotlandia, Wales, Islandia, Estonia, Lithuania
Skenario terburuk:
Skotlandia, Jerman, Italia, Turki, Makedonia, Kazakhstan
Irlandia Utara
Tiket impian:
Irlandia Utara, Rumania, Islandia, Kepulauan Faroe, Moldova
Skenario terburuk:
Irlandia Utara, Spanyol, Prancis, Republik Irlandia, Belarusia, Malta

          Cu trenul în vacanță (Grecia, Turcia, Bulgaria)        
De ceva vreme, se pare că CFR și-a dat seama că nu prea mai e loc de așteptat să curgă norocul, așa [...]

citeste mai departe
          What next for Eastern Europe?        
While President Trump tweets, the United States and Russia drift towards war over Syria, and the new Thirty Years War between Shi'ite and Sunni continues on many fronts, another critical drama is playing out in the Eastern half of the European continent.  I find it particularly interesting because it is a replay of the drama I described about 40 years ago in my first book, Economic Diplomacy and the Origins of the Second World War, which is linked at left and available as an e-book.

For the first few centuries of the modern era the peoples of Eastern Europe lived under large empires.  The Ottoman Empire had reached Europe in the 15th century and eventually included what is now Bulgaria, Greece, Albania, Rumania, some of the nations of the former Yugoslavia, and Hungary.  The Tsar of Russia ruled what are now the Baltic States and, by the 19th century, Poland.  The Holy Roman Empire--which in 1806 became the Austrian Empire, and in 1867 the Austro-Hungarian Empire--included parts of Poland and the present-day Czech Republic, Slovakia, Croatia and Slovenia.  All these peoples, to varying degrees, developed nationalist movements during the 19th century.

The enormous strain of the First World War proved too much not only for the Russian, Austro-Hungarian and Russian empires, but also for the German Empire.  The Allies--France, Britain, Italy and eventually the US as well--sponsored the claims of some of the national movements in their territory.  In January 1918, in his Fourteen Points, Woodrow Wilson endorsed an independent Poland and autonomy (not independence) for the peoples of the Austro-Hungarian and Ottoman empires.  When those nations collapsed ten months later, various national movements proclaimed new states.

As the brilliant but eccentric English historian A. J. P. Taylor noted in 1961, the post-1919 settlement in Eastern Europe reflected the astonishing fact that both Germany and Russia had been defeated. Only that allowed for the re-creation of an independent Poland, the new states of Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia,a larger Rumania, independent Poland and Finland, and the three Baltic states of Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia.  It seemed in 1918-9 that things might go even further and that Ukraine might become independent as well, but the Bolsheviks managed to secure control over it in the Russian civil war.  These states were economically and politically weak.  Nearly all of them initially formed some kind of democratic government, encouraged down that path by the western powers.

In the short run, several of the new states--Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, and Romania--were threatened by Hungary, which had lost huge territories at the peace conference, while in the long run Czechoslovakia and Poland had to worry about a resurgent Germany. France, eager to cement its status as the leading power in Europe, offered all those states some kind of alliance.  Clearly the French would have trouble defending them once the Germans or Russians regained their military strength, but the French were counting on keeping the Germans weak.  The alliances faced no serious threats until after the rise of Hitler.

By then all these countries had undergone profound political changes.  While all of them had begun as democracies, only Czechoslovakia, Finland and the Baltic States were still electing their governments by the early 1930s--the rest had come under some form of authoritarian rule.  The agricultural states among them, as I showed in my book, came under German influence after 1935 because the Germans, desperate for food, offered them a market for their produce.  In 1938 Hitler managed to destroy Czechoslovakia when the French abandoned their alliance.  In 1939-40, Hitler and Stalin concluded the Nazi-Soviet Pact. They partitioned Poland and the Soviets incorporated the Baltic States.  Hungary and Rumania became allies of Hitler while Yugoslavia was occupied by the Italians and the Nazis.  In 1945,  the whole region (except Finland) came under Soviet occupation and the USSR installed Communist governments.

The collapse of the USSR in 1991--77 years after the start of the First World War--started this process over again.  Once again, as in 1919, the entire region was liberated from foreign rule.  This time the proliferation of new states has gone much further, with Czechoslovakia and former Yugoslavia giving way to no less than 8 new states, and not only the Baltic States, but also Ukraine and Belarus, becoming independent.  Once again the new states established various forms of democracy.  And once again, powerful nations from outside the region offered them alliances. NATO, led by the US, offered membership to virtually every new state in the region, including the Baltic states--after initially promising the new Russian government not to do so.  The EU also offered many of them membership, choosing to ignore the enormous economic and cultural differences that still divide Europe somewhere around the frontiers of Germany and Poland.

Germany is no longer an imperialist nation, although it leads the EU and played a key role in its enlargement.  Russia once again went through a chaotic period but by 2000 it was recovering its strength under Vladimir Putin.  He is clearly determined to reassert Russian influence--if not more--over many of the states of the former USSR.  Belarus lost any real independence very quickly, and Putin is actively contesting the West in a bid for influence in Ukraine, and using the Russian military at the border to do so. He also very obviously has designs on the Baltic states, which are extremely vulnerable militarily.  And while Putin cannot offer these states markets the way the Germans did 80 years ago, he can provide them with energy.

And once again, democracy has proven fragile in Eastern Europe.  Rightist parties now lead the governments of Hungary, Poland, and some of the other states of the region. The governments of the Czech Republic and Slovakia are weak and subject to corruption and outside influence.  These nations face a choice between  western-style democracy--which is having enormous problems in the west--and Russian-style authoritarianism.  It is not at all clear which path they shall take.

Only a gigantic war settled the question of Eastern Europe's future 80 years ago.  Such a war does not seem in prospect now, but limited wars, such as a lightning Russian occupation of one or more Baltic states, cannot be ruled out.  Russian and NATO aircraft are constantly confronting one another in the region.  The Russians also seem to be using cyberwar against Ukraine, and they may use it elsewhere. To reach a new equilibrium diplomatically would require a level of statesmanship which is not apparent on the world scene.  Nearly thirty years ago, when the Soviet empire collapsed, I commented frequently that this time, Eastern Europe had taken a new shape without a new world war.  Now it seems that the process may involve a larger conflict--albeit of a possibly different kind.
          Translate your favorite with Google        
Sebelumnya telah diuraikan perihal Priority Inbox, dimana fitur ini bekerja pada Gmail dan saat ini Ambae.exe berkesempatan menggunakannya bersama others AMBAE. Lebih awal disampaikan bahwa Google mengeluarkan 2 (dua) fitur terbarunya. Yang akan diuraikan di bawah ini adalah Google Translate dengan fitur yang lebih hebat. Bagi sobat Googler, Google Translate bukanlah hal baru, tapi mungkin saja masih ada rekan-rekan yang ingin mengetahuinya dari awal terutama Ambae.exe yang masih awam.

Layanan ini diperkenalkan pada tahun 2007 dan mulai memasukkan Bahasa Indonesia ke dalam pilihan bahasa yang bisa diterjemahkan sejak 25 September 2008. Adapun sasaran utama dari Google Translate yakni untuk menerjemahkan bagian teks atau halaman web dalam satu bahasa ke bahasa lain.


Lalu mengapa diklaim memiliki fasilitas canggih dibanding penerjemah lainnya...? Tidak seperti layanan terjemahan lain seperti Babel Fish dan AOL yang menggunakan SYSTRAN, Google menggunakan perangkat lunak terjemahan sendiri. Itulah hebatnya mbah Google, si empunya tidak mau meminjam apapun dari pihak lain. Kalau perlu Sergey M. Brin dan Lawrence E. Page membeli produk pihak lain agar bisa menguasai dunia maya.

Lanjut fren, satu persatu kita bahas perihal Translate milik mbah Google. Dukungan Google Translate mencakup :
- Google Translate versi standar
- Google Search
- Google Toolbar
- Google Chrome
- Google Labs
- Google Mail (Gmail)
- Google Chat (chat via Gmail)
- Google Talk
- Google Groups
- Google Moderator
- Google Docs (Google Documents)
- Google Video (YouTube)
- Google Mobile
- Google Android
- Google Web Element
- Google AJAX API
- Google Toolkit

A. Google Translate versi standar

Steps A1
Kunjungi Google Translate, lalu ketik atau paste karakter, kata maupun kalimat yang ingin diterjemahkan. Tentukan bahasa terjemahan yang akan digunakan dan klik Translate. Tukar arah terjemahan dengan mengeklik tombol Swap languages.


Steps A2
Klik Listen untuk mendengarkan terjemahan versi suara Google. Klik Read phonetically untuk membedakan suara/lafadz dari yang diperdengarkan Google. Metode Read phonetically memanfaatkan sistem notasi fonetis (International Phonetic Alphabet), yakni kumpulan tanda yang dengannya semua bahasa manusia dapat ditulis dan dijelaskan. Seperti halnya membedakan lafadz fa dengan pa dan va atau sa dengan xa dan za atau ca dengan ka dan qa serta ei dengan ee dan ey dan bahasa planet lainnya.


B. Google Search

Steps B1
Silakan meluncur ke Google Homepage dan ketikkan keyword yang akan dicari. Hasil pencarian pun muncul sebanyak 10 URL/Website di halaman pertama Google yang paling terkait dengan keyword tersebut. Untuk menerjemahkan URL, klik link Translate this page atau Terjemahkan laman ini di sisi kanan salah satu URL hasil Searching. Translate dapat dimaksimalkan dengan mengatur metode pencarian pada menu Advanced Search atau Preferences.


Steps B2
Setelah mengeklik link Translate this page, Google segera menerjemahkannya. Tentukan bahasa terjemahan pada tampilan halaman berikutnya. Untuk menukar arah terjemahan, tidak disiapkan tombol Swap languages. Sehingga harus mengganti bahasa secara manual pada kedua drop down menu.


Steps B3
Temukan hal unik dari namamu, pada kolom pencarian ketik perintah Translate 'My Name is xxxxxxx' to yyyyyyy.
~ xxxxxxx : Nama
~ yyyyyyy : Bahasa


C. Google Toolbar

Steps C1
Google Toolbar bekerja pada browser Microsoft Internet Explorer dan Mozilla Firefox versi 2.0 atau yang lebih tinggi. Operation System (OS) yang direkomendasikan yakni Windows XP SP2, Windows Vista atau yang lebih tinggi. Untuk mengaktifkannya Download dan Install Google Toolbar, ikuti langkah selanjutnya hingga Finish. Bila Google memerintahkan untuk Restart, sobat Googler ikuti saja, jangan membantah perintah orang tua (mbah Google), mumpung GRATIS. Setelah terinstall, Google Toolbar akan terpasang di bagian atas halaman browser, tepatnya pada Toolbar Menu.



D. Google Chrome

Steps D1
Serupa tapi tidak sama, Google Chrome mirip dengan Google Toolbar. Perbedaannya, Google Toolbar merupakan Add-ons yang bekerja pada browser IE dan Mozilla Firefox. Sedangkan Google Chrome merupakan browser yang di dalamnya telah dibenamkan fitur Google Translate dengan tampilan Google Toolbar. Bekerja hanya pada Operation System (OS) Windows XP SP2, Windows Vista dan Windows 7. Daripada bingung, Download versi teranyar Google Chrome dan rasakan kehangatan Google Translate bersamanya. Untuk versi Beta, disini downloadnya.


E.
Google Labs dan Google Mail (Gmail)

Steps E1
Email yang masuk tidak selalu menggunakan bahasa Indonesia. Bahkan orang Indonesia pun terkadang memakai bahasa Alien dalam mengirimkan email atau di saat chatting. Install salah satu fitur Google Labs pada Menu Settings. Pilih Sub Menu Labs, aktifkan fitur Message translation lalu Simpan pengaturan.


Steps E2
Masih pada Menu Settings, pilih Sub Menu General dan tentukan bahasa terjemahan secara default lalu simpan kembali pengaturan terakhir.


Untuk menonaktifkan fitur ini, centang Disabled pada Menu Labs. Namun, bila ingin menonaktifkan Google Labs secara utuh tanpa memilah-milah fiturnya, kunjungi OFF.

F.
Google Chat (chat via Gmail)
dan Google Talk

Steps F1
Fitur ini memanfaatkan Google Bots dalam menerjemahkan setiap pesan Chat. Googler yang terbiasa dengan Google Wave, kiranya tidak mengalami kesulitan dalam mengaplikasikan Google Bots. Guna memudahkan sobat Googler, Ambae.exe menyuguhkan daftar Google Bots yang dapat ditambahkn pada Gmail Chat atau Google Talk.




Google Bots pada fitur ini dimaksudkan sebagai robot Google yang akan menelusuri data yang dicari para Googler. Selanjutnya para Robot ini menerjemahkannya ke dalam bahasa masing-masing Bots. Jangan lupa menambahkan @bot.talk.google.com. Format penulisan Bots yakni xxxxxxx@bot.talk.google.com.
~ xxxxxxx : Salah satu Bots
~ Contoh zh2en@bot.talk.google.com : Google Bots untuk bahasa Chinese ke English.

G.
Google Groups, Google Moderator
dan Google Docs (Google Documents)

Steps G1
Berdiskusi bersama rekan sesama Googler, mengedit dokumen, merespon, bertanya, menjawab, menyarankan atau memberi ide dan masukan kepada dan/atau dari Google. Dengan fitur Google Translate di dalamnya, serasa kuliah dengan fasilitas Dwi Bahasa. Sobat tidak perlu mengutak-atik Setting dan Preferences. Cukup mengunjungi Translate ala Google Groups, Google Moderator dan/atau Google Docs (Google Documents).

H. Google Video (YouTube)

Steps H1
Halaman pencarian YouTube, mirip dengan Google Homepage. Klik Translate untuk menerjemahkan Keterangan Video atau klik Show original untuk mengembalikan ke dalam bentuk aslinya.


Steps H2
Sobat Googler sering menikmati tayangan HBO atau HBO Asia, Cinemax, Star Movie, Star World dan sebagainya...??? Menonton Film kesayangan di channel termasyur tersebut benar-benar mengasyikkan. Tersedia dalam Bi-Lingual atau Dwi Language. Di samping itu tersedia pula Running Text di setiap Film, meski film itu telah berganti bahasa dari English ke Indonesia. Wajarlah HBO mengklaim dirinya It's not TV, it's HBO

Bagaimana dengan Google Video atau YouTube...??? Video yang disertai dengan keterangan Teks alias Caption dapat pula diterjemahkan ke dalam berbagai bahasa. Dengan catatan bahwa video tersebut memiliki Caption atau lazim dikenal dengan Running Text sebagai terjemahan teks dari apa yang diucapkan dalam video bersangkutan. Klik Icon (^) lalu pilih Icon (cc), keduanya berada di pojok kanan bawah Video. Lalu klik Translate Captions untuk mengatur bahasa terjemahan.


Steps H3
Tentukan bahasa terjemahan dengan mengeklik drop down menu. Selanjutnya klik tombol Translate. Maka sekejap, Caption Video diterjemahkan sesuai bahasa yang dipilih.


I. Google Mobile dan Google Android

Steps I1
Translate via Google Mobile melalui perangkat seluler sobat Googler dengan mengunjungi Google Mobile

Steps I2
Dengan Google Android, fitur Google Translate benar-benar dimaksimalkan. Tidak hanya berupa teks ke teks, Googler dapat menerjemahkan teks ke dalam bentuk suara. Demikian sebaliknya, suara diterjemahkan kembali ke dalam bentuk teks. Download Google Android untuk merasakannya.

J. Google Web Element,
Google AJAX API dan Google Toolkit

Steps J1
Ingin memiliki Tool Translater di Webpage sobat Googler...??? Benamkan Code Google Translate ke dalamnya.

Copy dan Paste Script Code berikut

Script di atas hanya contoh, pengaturan secara manual silakan kunjungi Google Web Element. Mengenai penempatan HTML tersebut, posisikan pada BODY section.

Sobat tidak menginginkan Google menerjemahkan halaman Webpagenya. Copy dan Paste Meta Tag berikut dan posisikan pada HEAD section :


Steps J2
Terjemahan Webpage maupun Web Element lebih dimungkinkan lagi dengan fitur Google AJAX API. Tentunya Googler akan lebih sering bermain dengan Javascript.

Steps J3
Yang ini lebih hebat lagi. Googler dapat mengupload dan mendownload data yang diterjemahkan dengan fitur Google Toolkit. Lebih lengkapnya, kunjungi Google Tranlator Toolkit karena pada halaman tersebut diuraikan dengan jelas melalui media Video Tutorial versi mbah Google.

Sobat Blogger dan rekan Googler yang ingin mengetahui lebih banyak tentang fitur ini, silakan mengunjungi mbah Google. Mengingat panjangnya artikel ini dan rumitnya pembahasannya. Sebagai newbie, mohon dikoreksi bila terdapat kesalahan di dalamnya.

Persembahan berikutnya berupa Daftar Bahasa yang didukung Google Translate hingga saat ini sebanyak 57 Bahasa, yakni :
* Afrikaans
* Albanian
* Armenian (Alpha)
* Azerbaijani (Alpha)
* Arabic
* Basque (Alpha)
* Belarusian
* Bulgarian
* Catalan
* Chinese (Simplified)
* Chinese (Traditional)
* Croatian
* Czech
* Danish
* Dutch
* English
* Estonian
* Filipino
* Finnish
* French
* Galician
* Georgian (Alpha)
* German
* Greek
* Haitian Creole (Alpha)
* Hebrew
* Hindi
* Hungarian
* Icelandic
* Indonesian
* Italian
* Irish
* Japanese
* Korean
* Latvian
* Lithuanian
* Macedonian
* Malay
* Maltese
* Norwegian
* Persian
* Polish
* Portuguese
* Romanian
* Russian
* Serbian
* Slovak
* Slovenian
* Spanish
* Swahili
* Swedish
* Thai
* Turkish
* Ukrainian
* Urdu (Alpha)
* Vietnamese
* Welsh
* Yiddish

          Ð—еменски манастир (2 част)        
<< към първа част

България приема християнството (някъде между 864 - 866 г.) от Византия в период, когато в църковната живопис се налагат канонични изображения и иконоборството се изживява.
Обаче от самото си начало българската православна иконопис не е сляпо подражание на византийския стил, а създава и свои традиции. Те са видими още след преместването на столицата в Преслав (893 г.): за създаването на керамични икони (нехарактери за Византия) се използват ярки и жизнени цветове (виж например керамичната икона на Теодор Стратилат). По време на Втората българска държава пък се обособяват две иконописни течения – търновското (дворцово) и т.н. народностно. При втория подход са характерни простота в израза и позата, забелязват се български черти в изображенията и дрехите, лицата са по-закръглени, понякога бузести, с леко месест нос.
Земенската църква е най-добре запазения паметник от тази епоха, зографисана в народностен стил. Затова ще продължа представянето на тази забележителна църква с още няколко снимки.
В зографисването й важно място заемат образите на св. ап. Петър и св. ап. Павел.


Св. ап. Петър
(източник Wikimedia, изображението е преработено)



Св. ап. Павел


Най-старото запазено изображение на закрилника на България св. Иван Рилски е правено през 1295 г. и се намира в Боянската църква. Няколко десетилетия по късно светеца е рисуван в параклиса на Хрельовата кула (Рилския манастир) и в Земенския манастир. Явно още от тогава датира традицията да се изобразява като стар, с дълга остра брада. В Земенския манастир, за разлика от Боянската църква, светеца носи монашеска качулка, украсена с три кръста. Под дрехата се подават благославящите пръсти на дясната му ръка, а в лявата - държи свитък.

Св. Иван Рилски


В стенописите не се пропуснати църковните воини.

Св. Нестор
(източник Wikimedia, изображението е преработено)



Св. Теодор Стратилат
(източник Википедия, изображението е преработено)


Като разказ в картини са разположени важни събития от дните преди Възкресението Христово. По правило сюжетите за страданията на Христос започват с “Молитвата в Гетсиманската градина” и последващото предателство на Юда Ескариотски.
В полунощ, след тайната вечеря апостолите заедно с Христос отиват в Гетсиманската градина край Йерусалим, където Исус започва да се моли.

Молитвата в Гетсиманската градина
(върху южната стена)


Идват войници да заловят Христос и Юда се навежда към него за да го целуне по бузата, като по този начин го посочва.

Залавянето на Христос в Гетсиманската градина


Много красива е и фреската “Успение (заспиване) Богородично” върху западната страна на църквата. Съществото обвитото в бяло, което държи Христос, символизира душата на Света Богородица.

Успение Богородично


Интересен и е пода на църквата, съставен от разноцветни парчета мрамор и римски тухли.

Подът в църквата


Една от хипотезите за вида му е, че всеки от местните хора е искал да допринесе с нещо за построяване на църквата. Който е намирал интересен камък го е носил и така се е оформила неповторима мозайка.
          Ð¡ÑŠÐºÑ€Ð¾Ð²Ð¸Ñ‰ÐµÑ‚о от Врап (9 част)        
<< към осма част

Заключения и извод
1. Съкровището е намерено близо до с. Врап, западна Албания през 1902, но после части от него са изкупувани и описвани в продължение на няколко години. Това поражда и разлики в начина на класификация:
- Й. Стжиговски (първия описал съкровището) в “Altai - Iran und Völkerwanderung" (1917) документира 41 предмета, от които 39 са станали притежание на Й. Pierpont Morgan († 1913);
- според музея в Балтимор съкровището е от 46 предмета, като 44 от тях са в Метрополитен мюзеум: “The hoard consists of 46 objects, . . . , all but two of which (. . . ) are in The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (inv. 17.190.1673-1712)”. Отбележете че информацията за инвентарните номера в скобите не е точна;
- други източници дават съвсем различни бройки.

Заради тези несъответствия се налага да направим равносметка за изложените в Метрополитен арт мюзеум към края на 2010 г. предмети от съкровището. Те са описани с 42 инвентарни номера:
- от 17.190.1644 до 17.190.1646 (три инвентарни номера)
- от 17.190.1673 до 17.190.1701 (29 инвентарни номера)
- 17.190.1704 и 17.190.1705 (два инвентарни номера)
- от 17.190.1707 до 17.190.1712a (шест инвентарни номера)
- 17.191.4 и 17.191.5 (два инвентарни номера)

2. За изясняваване вероятността Аварския хагат да стигне до западна Албания в периода VII-VIII век, е важно да се отбележи:
- от началото на VII век до 626 г. Аварския хаганат получава възнаграждение за опазване на северните граници на Византия и няма данни за негово нахлуване в Албания. Походът срещу Константинопол през 626 г. (а и други такава аварски набези срещу Византия) e през древният римски път Via militaris (Белград - Ниш – Сердика) и е твърде далеч от с. Врап (западна Албания);
- през следващия половин век нито има отбелязано аварско нахлуване в земите на днешна Албания, нито там има привлекателна плячка, нито Аварския хаганат е в състояние да осъществи сериозно нападение срещу Византия;
- след 680-684 г. до края на съществуването си Аварския хангат е отделен от земите в днешна Албания от Куберова България.

3. В съкровището от Врап има нови и износени елементи както и недовършени отливки – т.е. става дума за работилница, която предполага отседналост и прави отново неубедителна версията за пренос на съкровището от Аварския хагант по време на военен поход.

4. Куберова България е свързана с Аварския хангат по две линии:
– основаването на Стара Велика България е и от български племена, влизащи дотогава в състава на Аварския хангат;
- чрез преселниците от Аварския хангат, пристигнали заедно с Кубер при преместването му в Керамисийското поле.

5. Според археологическите разкопки Куберова България се е разрастнала и вероятно е владяла (самостоятелно или в съюз с местни племена) земи, влизащи в състава на днешна Албания. Изглежда вероятно и оспорването с Византийската империя на пристанищата, в частност Дуръс (с. Врап е близо до това пристанище).

6. Има множество археологически находки от Първата българска държава които удивително приличат на съкровището от с. Врап.



Ажурна коланна тока с грифон от Преслав (от “Формиране на старобългарската култура VI-XI век”, Станчо Ваклинов)




Велино (Шуменско), VIII век (от Интернет)




Средновековно украшение, Силистренски музей (от Интернет)


7. Върху един от елементите на коланите гарнитури от с. Врап е гравиран клански знак (който по разбираеми причини не можах да видя), идентичен със знак върху княжески колан от Озора (място между Дунав и езерото Балатон в Унгария). Това е накарало сръбския археолог Й. Ковачевич да преположи, че канският клан (род), на когото принадлежат съкровищата от Озора и от Врап, е един и същ. Има множество податки, че това е българският род Дуло.

При тези дадености само елита на Куберова България e имал потенциала и интереса от края на VII век и през VIII век да изработва и събира (а вероятно и мотив да укрие) съкровище в днешна западна Албания, чийто стил има сходства с артефакти от Аварския хагант и Първата българска държава. Приликата с аварските находки има логично обяснение, а българската идентичност на Кубер и неговото държавно формирование на практика не се оспорва.

Изказваме благодарности на семейство Gil Valazquez - Angelov, без чиято любезна покана и съдействие не би могло да се осъществи написването на тази поредица.
          Ð¡ÑŠÐºÑ€Ð¾Ð²Ð¸Ñ‰ÐµÑ‚о от Врап (8 част)        
<< към седма част

Златни ленти, кюлче и обици


Търпеливите читатели за първи път в Интернет могат да видят снимки на трите златни ленти и обиците от съкровището във Врап.

1. Три златни ленти (инвентарен номер 17.190.1644, 17.190.1645, 17.190.1646)



2. Парче от златно кюлче (ingot), инвентарен номер 17.190.1680
Размерите му са 6.9 x 1.7 x 0.9 cm.



3. Комплект от две златни обици (17.191.4, 17.191.5)




          Ð¡ÑŠÐºÑ€Ð¾Ð²Ð¸Ñ‰ÐµÑ‚о от Врап (7 част)        
<< към шеста част


Гарнитури за колани – апликации/украшения и незавършени отливки


1. Златна ажурна апликация за колан (инвентарен номер 17.190.1686)
Размерите са 5.4 x 3.9 x 0.6 cm.



Златна ажурна апликация за колан (инвентарен номер 17.190.1686)


2. Две златни апликации - украшения за колан
Малката апликация е с размери 3.3 x 1.9 x 0.9 cm, а голямата - 3.3 x 2.6 x 1 cm.



Златна апликация - украшение (малка) за колан или каишка 17.190.1683




Златна апликация - украшение (голяма) за колан 17.190.1697


3. Три незавършени (несполучливи) отливки
Точно тези отливки свързват цялото съкровище с работилница за изработка и ремонт.



Отливка с инвентарен номер 17.190.1676 и размери 5.4 x 4.1 x 1.3 cm




Отливка с инвентарен номер 17.190.1696 и размери 3.9 x 3.6 x 0.9 cm




Отливка с инвентарен номер 17.190.1701 и размери 5.5 x 3.5 x 2.8 cm



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Гарнитури за колани – монтажни токи и пластини


В съкровището от Врап има следните монтажни токи и пластини:

1. Четири златни монтажни токи с халки (инвентарни номера 17.190.1681, 17.190.1684, 17.190.1689 и 17.190.1693)
Размерите им са съответно:
- 5.7 x 3.2 x 0.8 cm;
- 5 x 3.9 x 1.2 cm;
- 5.4 x 3.9 x 0.6 cm;
- 5 x 3.3 x 1.4 cm.



Монтажна тока с халка, инвентарен номер 17.190.1681




Монтажна тока с халка, инвентарен номер 17.190.1684




Монтажна тока с халка, инвентарен номер 17.190.1689




Монтажна тока с халка, инвентарен номер 17.190.1693



2. Две златни токи за монтаж, всяка с по два отделни нита (инвентарни номера 17.190.1682 и 17.190.1690)

Видът и размерите им се отличават незначително – дължината е 4.8 - 5 см, ширината – между 2.2 и 2.3 см, а дебелината - 1.1 cm.



Златни токи за монтаж, всяка с по два отделни нита (инвентарни номера 17.190.1682 и 17.190.1690)


3. Три златни пластини за монтаж с отделни нитове (инвентарни номера 17.190.1685a-d, 17.190.1694a-b и 17.190.1695)
3.1. Златна пластина (инвентарен номер 17.190.1685a) с четири дупки, огъната по средата, заедно с три отделни нита.
Пластината е незавършена, а размерите й са 2.5 x 3.8 x 1.2 cm.


Златна пластина за колан (незавършена) с трите нита, инвентарни номера съответно 17.190.1685a-d


В интернет може да се намери и снимка с поставени трите нита.

3.2. Комплект от две златни пластини като едната е с правоъгълен отвор, а другата похлупва отвора и има две дупки за нитове, но е комплектована само с един отделен нит
Размерите на по-голямата пластина (с отвора) са 2.1 x 2.6 x 0.1 cm, а на другата - 1.2 x 1.9 x 0.5 cm.



Комплект златни пластини за колан с нитове 17.190.1694a-b


В интернет може да се намери и отделни изображения на пластините.

3.3. Профилирана златна пластина, комплектована с четири отделни нита
Пластината има следните размери: 3.9 x 2.5 x 0.6 cm.



Златна пластина за колан с нитове 17.190.1695



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Гарнитури за колани – накрайници и катарами

Металните коланни гарнитури (принадлежности) през Средновековието включват катарами, токи, накрайници за колана или каишки към него, апликации и пластини. Златни коланни гарнитури на практика са използвани само в аристократичното мъжко облекло.
В съкровището от Врап за описание на предметите от коланните гарнитури са използвани 27 различни инвентарни номера за:
- 1 накрайник на колан;
- 7 накрайника за каишки;
- 3 незавършени отливки;
- 1 катарама и 1 остатък от катарама;
- 3 златни апликации (англ. hole guard);
- 4 монтажни токи с халки;
- 2 токи с халки, за монтаж с отделни нитове, всяка заедно с по два нита;
- 2 украшения за колан или каишки;
- 3 пластини за монтаж с отделни нитове (една с четири дупки и огъвка по средата заедно с три отделни нита, един комплект от две пластини като едната е с правоъгълен отвор, а другата похлупва отвора и има две дупки за нитове, но е комплектована само с един отделен нит и една профилирана пластина комплектована с четири отделни нита);
- 1 апликация.
Тези предмети включват 12 броя златни нитове.
Съкровището в тази си част е доста разнородно:
- някои от предметите имат сложна украса за разлика от други, които са изчистени от излишни детайли;
- част от фитингите не са употребявани, а други са сравнително износени;
- няколко бройки са несполучливи отливки, има и недовършени предмети.

1. Ажурен златен накрайник за колан (инвентарен номер 17.190.1673)

Размерите на накрайника са 12.7 x 3 x 0.5 cm.



Златен накрайник за колан (инвентарен номер 17.190.1673)


2. Седем златни незавършени накрайници за каишки (инвентарни номера 17.190.1674, 17.190.1675, 17.190.1677, 17.190.1687, 17.190.1692, 17.190.1699, 17.190.1700)
Размерите на накрайниците варират, но са в следните граници: дължина от 5.5 см до 5.7 см, ширина в интервала 2.4 - 2.5 см и дебелина 7-8 мм.



Всичките накрайници за каишки


Ето и един накрайник в едър план:



Златен накрайник (незавършен)


3. Златна катарама (инвентарен номер 17.190.1678) и фрагмент от златна катарама (инвентарен номер 17.190.1691)
Катарамата е с езиче за закрепване в дупка от колана и е с размери 8.8 x 4 x 1 cm.



Златна катарама (инвентарен номер 17.190.1678)


Размерите на плочката – остатъка от катарама - са 3 x 2 x 0.8 cm.



Фрагмент от златна катарама (инвентарен номер 17.190.1691)


4. Три златни апликации (англ. hole guard), с инвентарни номера 17.190.1679, 17.190.1688, 1698
Размерите им са съответно 2.5 x 2.2 x 0.7 cm, 2.5 x 2.5 x 0.5 cm и 2.1 x 2.6 x 0.7 cm.



Апликация, инвентарен номер 17.190.1679




Апликация, инвентарен номер 17.190.1688




Апликация, инвентарен номер 17.190.1698


А ето и обща снимка на катарамата и трите апликации:


Катарамата с трите апликации



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Съдове
В съкровището има общо 6 съда, пет от които са в Ню Йорк, The Metropolitan Museum of Art (сребърна кана, сребърна купа, сребърна кофа и две златни купи), а една златна купа е в Балтимор, The Walters Art Museum.


Петте съда в Ню Йорк, колаж по снимка от музея


Ето и поотделно съдовете в Ню Йорк по реда на техните инвентарни номера:
1. Кана на Зенобий (инвентарен номер 17.190.1704)
Каната е сребърна, с частично позлатяване и размери 23.2 x 12.9 cm (9 1/8 x 5 1/16 in). Теглото й е 652 g.


Кана на Зенобий (инвентарен номер 17.190.1704)


Около устието й има надпис, превеждан като "Глас Господен над водите" (Псалм 28:3).



Част от надписа около устието на каната


Надписът и останалите фризове на каната са позлатени.



Орнаменти от фриза върху най-изпъкналата част от каната


Върху дъното на каната има и добре запазени знаци:


Дъното (снимката е от сайта на музея с незначителна преработка)


Разчитането им е с няколко варианта, но най-често се приема
"Господи, помагай на раба (си) Зенобий! Амин!"
Въпреки гръцкия надпис няма еднозначно приета теза за византийски произход на предмета - може да е просто копиран от местен майстор по византийския модел.

2. Сребърена купа за пиене с дръжка (инвентарен номер 17.190.1705)
Купата заедно с прибрана дръжка има размери 5.1 x 25.2 x 18.5 cm и тегло от 299 g.


Сребърна купа (инвентарен номер 17.190.1705)



3. Сребърна кофа (инвентарен номер 17.190.1707)

Впечатляваща е сребърната кофа за вода, не толко със своите размери (повече от скромни за съд с наименовение кофа - 18.4 x 14.1 cm с прибрана дръжка и тегло 481 g), колкото с богатата си украса.


Сребърна кофа (инвентарен номер 17.190.1707)


Според ст.н. с. II ст. д-р Бони Петрунова, “Съкровищата на България”, “върху сребърната кофа е представена “мрежа” с фигури на кокошки във висок, заоблен релеф”. Но ето в уголемен размер фрагменти от самата украса:


Украса (1)




Украса (2)




Украса (3)




Украса (4)




Украса (5)




Украса (6)


4. Две златни купи за пиене с дръжки (инвентарни номера 17.190.1708 и 17.190.1709)
Първата купа е с размери 4.7 x 16.5 x 17.6 cm и тегло 486 g.



Златна купа, инвентарен номер 17.190.1708


Втората купа е доста подобна - размери 5 x 15 x 17.8 cm и тегло 494 g.


Златна купа, инвентарен номер 17.190.1709


Златна купа в The Walters Art Museum (номер 57.565)
Дръжката на купата съхранявана в Балтимор (за разлика от останалите две златни купи от съкровището) е с доста по богата украса, иначе размерите й - 6.5 x 14.5 x 18.5 cm са сходни.


Златната купа в Балтимор (снимката е от сайта на The Walters Art Museum, незначително преработена)


Всичките купи на дръжките имат отвори (сребърната купа има един, а златните купи – по два отвора). Това позволява те да бъдат окачвани, например на конска сбруя.


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Четирите бокала (край)

III. Златен бокал с олицетворението на Кипър, Рим, Константинопол и Александрия (инвентарен номер 17.190.1710)

Размерите на чашата са 16.8 x 12.2 x 12.9 cm, а теглото - 421 g (6 5/8 x 4 13/16 x 5 1/16 in., 0.928 lb.)



Златен бокал с изображения на четири жени, свързани посредством надписи на гръцки с Константинопол, Кипър, Рим и Александрия (инвентарен номер 17.190.1710)


За този бокал е отделена специална информационна табела.



Информационната табела за бокала


От нея научаваме, че “Тази чаша е украсена с женски олицетворения на четирите главни църковни центрове във византийския свят. Несръчно изписаните идентификации подсказват, че този чаша е аварски опит за имитация на византийски бокал.”
Надписът върху чашата води до предположението, че тя е създадена във време когато под юрисдикцията на Константинопол са Рим, Александрия и Кипър в качеството им на най-важни християнски центрове и то вероятно след като император Ираклий (610 г. – 641 г.) е въвел гръцкия за официален език във Византия.
Наистина Византия в средата на VI век (при Юстиниан I) завладява Рим и за известно време от там се кани да управлява завоюването под своя власт на териториите от вече бившата Западна римска империя. Но от първия Първия вселенски събор събор (Никея, 325 г.) християнския свят е управляван от патриархатите на Рим, Константинопол, Александрия, Антиохия и Йерусалим. Т.е. в църковната йерархия преди Кипър са били поне още две други църкви без изображения върху чашата: Антиохийска и Йерусалимска патриаршии. Църковните рангове обаче са били определяни в крайна сметка винаги от геополитическото могъщество на държавните структури свързани със съответната църква, а не по вътрешно-църковни причини. Превратностите на съдбата първо засягат Йерусалим, завладян от персите през 617 г. и останал под тяхна власт до 626 г. Но арабите на практика завинаги променят нещата - през 637/638 г. те завземат Сирия, Египет и Йерусалим и това принуждава александрийския и антиохийския патриарх да бягат в Константинопол. Нещо повече - от 652 г. до 727 г. (т.е. за 75 г.) няма избран александрийски патриарх, а от 702 до 742 г. няма антиохийски патриарх. Йерусалим също за няколко десетилетия остава без църковен водач. През това време Кипър е извън обсега на арабската инвазия и остава в пределите на Византия още няколко века. В този смисъл включването му в изображенията на чашата е разбираемо. Що се отнася до избора на Александрия в този контекст също изглежда логично – независимо дали е във Византийската империя или не, тя е най-важната от останалите църкви.
Всяко едно от женските изображения е с дреха скриваща повечето подробности от тялото, крепостна корона на главата и държи в дясната си ръка жезъл.
Ето и самите изображения (преработени снимки от The Metropolitan Museum of Art) и свързаните с тях надписи:



Бюст и надпис “Константинопол”


Пред Константинопол за разлика от останалите три части от надписа няма “град” вероятно поради естетически съображения свързани с дължината на наименованието му. Женската фигура в лява ръка държи кълбо/орб.



Бюст и надпис “Град Кипър”


Кипър е поставен преди Рим. Не е ясно защо е означен като град. Лявата ръка е отворена, без топка.



Бюст и надпис “Град Рим”


Бюстът, персонифициращ Рим, в лявата си ръка също държи кълбо/орб. Това вероятно изразява стремежа на Константинопол от там да установи владичеството си върху бившата територия на Западната римска империя. Поставянето на това изображение на трето място може би е свързано с факта че римските патриарси по това време де факто се назначават от Константинопол.



Бюст, персонифициращ Александрия


За надписът пред името на Александрия има различни тълкувания - пръв град, целокупен град, друг град.

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Четирите бокала (начало)

В съкровището от Врап има четири бокала. Три от тях са изложени в Ню Йоркския Metropolitan Museum of Art.



Трите златни бокала в Ню Йорк


Четвъртият бокал е в Archaeological Museum в Истанбул.



Златният бокал в Истанбулския археологически музей
(изображението е преработено от http://www.bridgemanart.com/image/Goblet-from-Tirane-gold/210b3a16074649a7822e5fd7383f214d?key=%20Archaeological%20Museum%20Istanbul%20Turkey&filter=CBPOIHV&thumb=x150&num=15&page=21)


Този бокал е с височина 17 cm, диаметър в горната част 15 cm и тегло 464 g. Украсата е с декоративни ленти, които образуват хоризонтални елипси. В тях са гравирани птици. Нямам информация за съвременна хипотеза относно датировка и произхода му.
Според Metropolitan Museum of Art изложените в САЩ бокали най-вероятно са византийски експорт, но понеже столчетата им не отговарят на стандартната форма на византийските чаши се допуска и аварски произход. Дадените по-долу размери и тегло са според данни от музея. В други източници тези цифри варират незначително.

I. Златен бокал с капак (?) (инвентарен номер 17.190.1711a, b)
Размерите на бокала (без капака) са 16.8 x 12.1 cm, а теглото му е 418 g (6 5/8 x 4 3/4 in., 0.922 lb).



Златен бокал (инвентарен номер 17.190.1711a)


Капакът е експониран отделно.



Капак - инвентарен номер 17.190.1711b (публикува се за първи път в Интернет изглед отгоре)


В сайта на музея има и снимка на целия комплект:



Комплект златен бокал с капаче (инвентарен номер 17.190.1711a, b)



II. Златен бокал (инвентарен номер 17.190.1712a)

Подобен на предния, този бокал има сходни размери 17 x 12.4 cm и теглото 430 g (6 11/16 x 4 7/8 in., 0.948lb.).



Златен бокал под инвентарен номер 17.190.1712a


Ако се поразрови по-сериозно в Интернет може да се намери снимка и на този бокал с капака:



Комплект златен бокал с инвентарен номер 17.190.1712a и капак


В същност в първото публикувано описание на съкровището - книгата на Стжиговски "Altai - Iran und Völkerwanderung" (1917), са описани два капака с дупка по средата, единият от които е счупен на две части. Диаметрите им са от порядъка на 13 см, с тегло приблизително 60 и 74 грама.



Черно-бяла снимка на двата капака
(Източник: "Altai - Iran und Völkerwanderung" (1917) - http://www.archive.o...ndvlk00strzgoog)


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Общо описание

В началото на XX век (през 1901 или 1902 г.) край с. Врап, Албания е намерено съкровище. В крайна сметка всички предмети с изключение на два (една купа в The Walters Art Museum, Балтимор (Baltimore), Мериленд, САЩ и един бокал в Археологическия музей (Archaeological Museum), Истанбул, Турция), са се отзовали в The Metropolitan Museum of Art в Ню Йорк. Общото им тегло е 6.9 кг: 5,5 кг злато и 1,4 кг сребро.




Основната част от съкровището от Врап е изложена в The Metropolitan Museum of Art в Ню Йорк


Според книгата “Съкровищата на България” от ст. н.с. II ст. д-р Бони Петрунова, то включва “30 златни гарнитури за колани (бел. на автора: в същност в The Metropolitan Museum of Art са заведени 27 различни златни предмета от гарнитури за колан и няма как да образуват 30 гарнитури), 20 гвоздея (бел. на автора: аз бих употребил термина "нитове", като при това те са 12 броя и са към няколко различни елементи от гарнитурите за колан), 7 слитъка (бел. на автора: в същност няма слитъци, може би ст. н.с. II ст. д-р Бони Петрунова е объркала златните накрайници за каишки със слитъци), 4 златни купи (бел. на автора: това са бокали/чаши, три от тях са в левия долен ъгъл на горната снимка), сребърна кана, сребърна кофа, една сребърна и три златни купи с дръжки и две златни пластини от канделабри (бел. на автора: никой предмет не мога да го свържа със свещници)”. Очевидно трите златните ленти, обиците (най-вдясно на снимката) и парчето злато (кюлче) са пропуснати.
Датировката на предметите в The Metropolitan Museum of Art е основно от VIII век и тя се отнася за всички коланни украси. Най-стари са сребърната кофа (предмета с дръжка, долу в дясно на снимката) - от VII век и обиците - от края на VI или началото на VII век. За бокалите се предполага или около 700-та година или също VIII век. Бокалът в Истанбулския музей не е датиран, а за купата в Балтимор се предполага че е правена около 700 г. По стиловите особености няма големи научни спорове, но липсва единно становище кой е създателя на съкровището. В тази връзка не може да се отрича приликата на коланните принадлежности с аварските коланни украси и токи (виж например http://homepage.univie.ac.at/Peter.Stadler/Stadler/StadlerP_1991a.pdf на немски език), както и византийското влияние или изработка на част от предметите. Това обаче не означава че съкровището е притежание на властовия елит от Аварския хаганат или от Византия или пък че изработено в Аварския хаганат. Афиширането му като аварско неглижира съществена част от историческите факти за тази част от Балканския полуостров през VI–VIII век.
Затова си позволявам да направя следните общи бележки към:
I. Изложеното в Ню Йорк част от съкровище
1. В картата към витрината не са обелязани никакви политически граници и никъде в информациите не се твърди че Врап е бил в пределите на Аварския хаганат, нито че съкровището е собственост на Аварския хаганат.




Карта към витрината


2. Най-малко поради ограниченото място и другата цел и функции на информационните табели към витрината, няма и не можем да очакваме да има коментар относно:
- идентичността на кланския знак (дамга) от съкровището със знака върху колан от Озора (място между Дунав и езерото Балатон в Унгария);
- много по характерните за България отколкото за Аварския хаганат находки от типа грифони – ластари, включително и голямата прилика с апликацията на коланата украса от с. Велино, Шуменско.
3. Важно е да се види точното географско местоположение на селото, тъй като в информационните табели на музея погрешно е отбелязано, че Врап е в източна Албания. Също така Божидар Димитров в “12 мита в Българската история”, стр. 63 пише, че в “Източна Албания . . . са открити . . . две големи златни прабългарски съкровища”, очевидно визирайки съкровищата от Врап и Ерсеке (Ersekë). В същност село Врап е в западна Албания, сред хълмистия и труднодостъпен район на Шар планина, на тридесетина километра югоизточно от Дуръс.
Тъй като в Интернет към днешна дата е доста трудно да се локализира с. Врап прилагам две карти:




Местоположение на с. Врап в Албания





По-подробна карта на района


4. Единият от бокалите е с инвентарен номер 17.190.1712a, без да има никакъв друг предмет със същия цифров инвентарен номер, но с друга буква. Вероятно е възможно или се очаква и този бокал да е имал капак (похлупак) или има вероятност капака да е комплект с него.
5. Странно е че в индивидуалната табелка за обиците няма обичайна бележка, че са намерени във Врап и инвентарните им номера значително се отличават от другите инвентарни номера. Но в табелката за цялото съкровище се твърди че всички предмети са намерени във Врап.
6. В интернет не може да се намерят снимки на обиците и златните ленти. Капакът е показан само в профил.

II. Аварски хаганат и взаимоотношенията му с Куберова България
Аварския хаганат е федеративно обединение от различни племена (включително и български), възникнало през VI век. За да охраняват северната граница на Византийската империя Аварския хаганат получава значителни суми. За периода 600-626 г. оценките са, че са получили общо около 25 тона злато във вид на монети и изделия от благородни метали. Това огромен ресурс предизвиква развитие на ювелирното изкуство в хаганата, най-често като приложенията им към коланни гарнитури и конската амуниция, а понякога и като съдове и бижута.
Но поведението на хаганата е непоследователно – например през 626 г. той напада Констатинопол. Вероятно тези действия подтикват Византия да подкрепи отделянето на български племена (и от Аварския хаганат) под управлението на кан Кубрат в държава известна като Стара Велика България. Самият Кубрат е израстнал в Константинопол и е приятелски настроен към Византия. След смъртта му в средата на VII век неговите синовете образуват няколко държави, една от които е Куберова България. Сведенията са за нея са твърде оскъдни, но това което почти не се оспорва, е че Кубер мигрира в Аварския хаганат, където прекарва петнадесетина години като високопоставен поданик, управляващ в Сремска област (дн. Сремска Митровица), Панония. Прави неуспешен опит за завземане власта в хаганата, вероятно подтикнат от образуването на Дунавска България 680-681 г. След това е принуден да се премести на територията на Византия в Керамисийското поле (между Битоля, Прилеп и Лерин) в днешна Македония. Заедно с него са поне още един син на Кубрат, доведените българи от Стара Велика България и немалобройно население от сремско. Това се случва според различни източници в периода 680-684 г. Някои историци приемат, че заселниците има статут на федерат (вътрешно самоуправление срещу задължение да предоставя военен контингент на Византия), а византийците се съгласяват с тяхното присъствие, тъй като имат нужда от щит срещу аварските нашествия. Но това не съответства на опита на кан Кубер (неуспешен) през 685 г. да овладее Солун и игнорира факта, че той може и да е приет като син на съюзника на Византия Кубрат. След този неуспех няма сведения за Кубер и не е ясно кога управлението се поема от негови наследници. Обаче няколко години по-късно - през 688 г. войска на император Юстиниан II е разгромена от българи в Егейска Македония (битката в клисурата Аконтизма, северно от Кавала). Археологическите материали след това показват, че Куберова България се разширява и след време стига до Корча и Елбасан (днес в Албания). Българи са се населили и в полетата на Ресен и Охрид, а следи от аулите са открити в Прилеп, Кичево, Девол (Албания), Кавадарци, Тетово и други. Същевременно в този период по тези места липсват всякакви археологически следи от византийско присъствие – например печати на местни управители и находки от славянско население - например славянски погребения. От тогавашното българско присъствие и до днес са останали много топоними. Всичко това заедно свидетелства за трайно и уседнало монолитно българско население въпреки липсата на преки писмени сведения. Византийската империя успява да запази или да си възвърне само крайбрежието Солун – Дуръс поради абсолютното превъзходство във флота (българите, а и славяните населяващи земите между Куберова България и Солун нямат кораби).
Тази България е просъществувала като самостоятелно формирование до първото десетилетие на IX век, когато се установява обща граница с Дунавска България (след преземането на Сердика от хан Крум през 809 г.). Тогава започва и процес на присъединяването й към по-голямата България, със сигурност завършил при Борѝс I Михаѝл Покръстител (852-889).
Аварския хаганат престава да съществува като самостоятелна държавна формация малко по-рано: в края на VIII в. и началото на IX в. е погълнат основно от франската империя на Карл Велики, а последните остатъци от хаганата (Трансилвания) са присъдинени към България от хан Крум през 805 г.

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          Ð¡ÑŠÐºÑ€Ð¾Ð²Ð¸Ñ‰ÐµÑ‚о от Галиче (2 част)        
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Другата фалера с човешка фигура е малко по-малка - 15,8 см в диаметър. Изобразен е голобрад конник в профил, с дълга коса закриваща ушите и носещ 4 обръча на своята шия. Облеклото му се състои от панталон и дългопола дреха закриваща седлото му. С лявата ръка конникът държи юздата на коня.


Фалера с конник


Вероятно това изображение е бог – конник, а заедно с първото представят женско и мъжко божествено начало в религиозните вярвания на траките от предримската епоха.


Фалера с растителни елементи 4



Фалера с растителни елементи 5



Фалера с растителни елементи 6



Фалера с растителни елементи 7



Фалера с растителни елементи 8



Фалера с растителни елементи 9



Фалера с растителни елементи 10



Фалера с растителни елементи 11



Фалера с растителни елементи 12


Всички апликации са с отвори по периферията, което означава че са прикрепвани (пришивани) към основа или ремъци. Предназначението им се съвързва с украса на парадно въоръжение - на щита, ризницата или колана на тракийския воин или сбруята и гърдите на коня му. Размерите и липсата на други функционални особености не придават много достоверност на версията за използването им като токи на колан (той трябва да е широк 20 см и да се закопчава с друг механизъм).
Съкровището от Галиче се съхранява в Археологическия музей в София, а в Регионалния исторически музей, Враца е ескпонирано копие, от което са снимките.
          Ð¡ÑŠÐºÑ€Ð¾Ð²Ð¸Ñ‰ÐµÑ‚о от Галиче (1 част)        
В околностите на с. Галиче, Бялослатинско, област Враца през 1918 г. е открито сребърно съкровище. Според трудно проверяеми данни една жена случайно намерила 24 позлатени сребърни апликации - фалери (кръгли пластинки), но докато официалната власт разбере, са останали само 14 броя. Последните, съгласно тогавашните правила, са били предадени в Националния археологически музей.
Историците и археолозите ги класифицират като тракийска торевтика от т.н. предримски период, представен и с други паметници на културата: Севтополис, Кабиле, гробниците при Казанлък и Свещари, съкровищата от Панагюрище, Якимово, Кралево и Равногор и други.
Датировката му е II в. пр. Хр., но не е установено еднозначно дали съкровището е било заровено от местните траки по време на келтските нашествия (до II в. пр. Хр.) или по късно при римските завоеватели.
Самите фалери вероятно са местно производство, изработени от предварително приготвена матрица. Всичките са изпъкнали, като повечето от тях са украсени с растителни елементи – листа и розети, а само на две от фалерите има други изображения – на едния е жена, а на другия - конник.


Фалера с женски бюст


Релефният женски образ, вероятно на богиня, е върху най-голямата фалера с диаметър 18,3 см. Косите й са сплетени на две дълги плитки, а цялата шия е плътно закрита от 8 шийни обръча (торкви) поставени един над друг. Дрехата е с презрамки леко свалени на раменете, като те и деколтето са допълнително украсени с триъгълници. Самата дреха пада на много лъкатушни гънки по гърдите, а пищните форми подсказват, че е богиня на плодородието. Над раменете й има две птици – може би орли или ястреби. Краката им са във въздуха, въпреки че крилата им не са разперени.
Фризурата от две плитки и многобройните торкви не се срещат при други женски изображения от Мизия, и затова се възприемат като белези за различна етническа принадлежност и келтско влияние.


Фалера с растителни елементи 1



Фалера с растителни елементи 2



Фалера с растителни елементи 3


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          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°ÑÐ½Ð¾Ð²Ð¸ врата (Щипон) – трета част        
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Представа за дебелината на стените може да получите от следващата снимка:


Крепостта е изградена от тухли и камък




Вътрешен вход



Крепостна стена



Арка към задната част на крепостта



Вход към подземен тунела


Крепостта е паметник на културата от национално значение, а местността е категоризирана като "историческо място".
До към XIX век близо до укрепленията е имало изградена огромна за времето си триумфална арка. През нея е могъл да мине копиеносец на кон с вдигнато копие. Нейна рисунка е направена в началото на XVIII век:

Триумфална арка при Траянови врата
(рисунка от около 1700 г., Източник Уикипедия)


След битката няма кой да спре българските войски и за кратко време са отвоювани североизточна България, както и земите до Солун и източното крайбрежие на Адриатическо море. Ето как е изглеждала България през 997 г. (нарочно за източник е ползвана англоезичната Wikipedia), когато Самуил приема титлата цар:

България при цар Самуил, източник англоезичната Wikipedia


На Византия и са нужни много време да се съвземе от последиците след битката при Транови врата. Императорът три години се бори срещу вътрешни бутове целящи свалянето му от престола, но успява да се справи. Постига и военни успехи срещу арабите, което му дава възможност да прехвърли основните бойни действия срещу България.
За България началото на царуването на Самуил е белязано с паритет на силите с Византия. През новото хилядолетие обаче поредица от военни грешки и предателства бързо стопяват българската територия. След беласишката битка (29 юли 1014 г.) император Василий II пленява и ослепява между 14 и 15 хиляди български бойци. Гледката им предизвиква смъртта на цар Самуил. Почвата, подготвена от братоубийството на Арон, довършва останалото. Синът на Самуил царува съвсем кратко време, убит от братовчед си Иван Владислав. Като цар Иван Владислав отново ползва убийство за политически цели, без това да му носи успех. Неговата смърт бележи края на Първата българска държава. Някои историци приемат че синът на цар Иван Владислав – Персиан e коронясан за следващ цар под името Персиан II и е царувал няколко месеца до залавянето му от византийците.
          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°ÑÐ½Ð¾Ð²Ð¸ врата (Щипон) – втора част        

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Краят на царуването на Петър I не е така блестящ както началото. България е притисната от две страни и не е в състояние успешно да се защитава срещу външни врагове. Следващият цар Борис II след кратко управление е пленен от византиците и според тях престава да съществува легитимна българска държава. Обаче за синовете на комит Никола надеждата не е загубена – България има законен владетел дори и той да е в плен, и затова повеждат борба със собствени сили. Успехите им привличат както последния преславски патриарх Дамян, така и избягалите от плен Борис II (убит при пресичане на границата) и брат му Роман, но в същото време тревожат Константинопол. И последното е естествено, защото това не е "славянска", още по-малко "македонска" държава – нейната власт е от българския царски Крумов род, духовната власт е на българската православна църква, военните названия и титли са български, несрещани в други съседни държави. Затова всички съвременници и извори схващат държавата като българска и до последно царете й се титлуват “самодържец български” (Битолски надпис, между 1015 и 1018 г.)
За да приключи с покоряването на България, византийския император Василий II лично повежда воиската си към Средец (днешна София). Рядко император пряко ръководи военни действия – това е опасно и за живота му и за трона му, но е сигурен знак че целта е изключително значима и че най-добрите и многобройни военни сили са отделени за операцията.
Първият провал на военната мисия е неуспешната 20 дневна обсада на Средец (25 юли – 14 август 986 г.). Но той е незначителен в сравнение със случилото се три дни дни по-късно. На 17 август 986 г. оттеглящата се византийска войска (по различни оценки от 30 хиляди до 60 хиляди) е пресрещната при прохода Траянови врата (Щипон) и напълно разгромена от българите. Единствено личната императорска охрана и самия император като по чудо се спасяват с бягство.


Паметник по случай 1000 годишнината от битката при Траянови врата
(намира се по пътя за крепоста)



Карта на военните действия (източник: англоезична Wikipedia, автор Kandi, лиценз GNU Free Documentation License)


Българските историци са единодушни, че битката е водена от Самуил (виж картата) в качеството му на военачалник, като по същото време Роман е “де юре” цар. Щабът на самуиловата армия се е намирал в крепостта Щипон (Траянови врата). През 2006 г. на входа й е поставена възпоменателна плоча.


Възпоменателна плоча
(Забележка: обърнете внимание че Самуил приема титлата цар единадесет години след битката - през 997 г., след смъртта на Роман)


Самата крепост (40 метра ширина и 90 метра дължина) е била част от цялостна фортификационна система. Построена е върху естествено защитено възвишение, заобиколено от река и гора. До днес са запазени оградни зидове с до 4 метра височина и ширина 2.20 метра, останките от 6 входа, 3 кули и подземен тунел. Крепостните кули са с вътрешни сводови проходи, оръжейни ниши и височина до 6 метра.


От вътре на крепостта: арките на главния вход



От вътре на крепостта: лявата арка на главния вход



От вътре на крепостта: дясната арка на главния вход



Ниша


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          Ð¢Ñ€Ð°ÑÐ½Ð¾Ð²Ð¸ врата (Щипон)        
През 986 г. българите “разбиха в Щипон (сега Траянови врата) гръцката войска на цар Василий” [Битолски надпис]. Загубите на византийците са колосални и поставят пред сериозно изпитание властта на императора. Други аналогични победи са ставали крайгълен камък за издигане величието и моща на българската държава, а в този случай 32 години след победата над днешен Ихтиман, Първата българска държава (Дунавска България) престава да съществува.
Защо? Ето


Кратка хронология на последния век на Първата българска държава


При управлението на Симеон I Велики България бележи връх в историята си. Културният разцвет е съчетан с териториално разширение и амбиции за първенстваща роля в християнския свят. България се простира от Будапеща, Карпатите и Днепър на север до Адриатическо море на запад, Егейского море на юг и Черного море на изток.

20 август 917 г.:
битката при Ахелой. След една от най-страховитите загуби за Византийската империя (в битката тя губи може би 60 000 – 80 000 души) Симеон става де факто управител на целия Балкански полуостров, с изключение на Константинопол и Пелопонес. Приема титлата „Василевс на всички българи и гърци“ и издига статута на българската архиепископия до патриаршия. Царската му титла и партиаршеското достойнство обаче не са признати от Византия.

27 май 927 г.: Симеон I Велики умира. Още приживе, по неизвестни причини той лишава от короната първородния си син и го замонашва, като посочва втория си син Петър за свой наследник.

8 октомври 927: Петър I сключва църковен брак в Константинопол с принцеса - внучка на византийски император. Династичният брак е придружен с безпрецедентен мирен договор, по силата на който е призната царската титла на Петър I («цар на българите») и патриашеския сан в българската православна църква. Същият договор поставя началото на още едно изключително обстоятелство – 40 годишен мир между Византия и България, прекъсвайки почти непрестанните военни действия до момента. И в двата лагера има много противници на този брак, но важното е че мирния договор засяга целия християнски свят, тъй като до този момент църковните дела от почти 500 години (от 451 г.) се управляват от пет настоятели: на Римската, Константинополската, Александрийската, Антиохийската и Йерусалимската църкви (т.н. Пентархия). Българската патриаршия става шеста в този ред и същевременно е първата призната самостоятелна църква измежду църквите на редица новопокръстени европейски народи.

16 август 963 г.: като византийски император под името Никифор II Фока е коронясан популярен военначалник, който обаче няма роднински връзки с българското царско семейство. Новият император отказва да преподпише мирния договор докато синовете на цар Петър I (Борис и Роман), не са изпратени в Константинопол като заложници.

юни-юли 967 г.: Никифор II Фока фактически денонсира мирния договор, въпреки че българските царски синове са все още заложници в Константинопол. Императорът организира поход в българските земи и освен това привлича киевски княз Светослав Игоревич за съюзник.

лятото на 968 г.: първия поход на княз Светослав в българските земи. Войската ни е разбита, вследствие на което Петър I получава инсулт и умира след няколко месеца. Заради нападението на киевското княжество от печенези, Светослав се връща в родината си и се справя с опасността.

969 / 970 г.: поради моментни геополитически съображения (страх от нов поход на княз Светослав, този път срещу Византия), Константинопол пуска заложниците Борис и Роман, като първия става български цар под името Борис II. Той се опитва безуспешно да се справи с втората руска инвазия на Балканите и попада под зависимостта на княз Светослав. Руските войски, подкрепени от българи, обаче губят сражението с византийците в Тракия.

971 г.: византийските войски преминават в контранастъпление като превземат Велики Преслав, пленяват цар Борис II (заедно с брат му Роман) и същевременно прогонват княз Светослав на север от Дунава. На церемония в Константинопол лишават Борис II от царските регалии, с което приемат че са се справили с България. Тъй като Борис II има само дъщери, за да прекъснат българския царски род, византийците скопяват Роман. Те обаче не могат да наложат власта си върху т.н. комитопули: Давид, Мойсей, Арон и Самуил - синовете на българския болярин Никола, управител на комитат (област) Средец. Техните владения стават център на последните усилия за запазване на Първата българска държава.

977 г. (според други източници 980 г.): Борис II и Роман успяват да избягат от пленичество си и се насочват към земите на комитопулите. Обаче на българската границата Борис II е взет за византиец (заради облеклото си) и убит. Роман е приет като цар, но поради физическото си състояние и интерес към църковните дела, действените фигури в управлението са били двамата останалите живи към този момент комитопули: Самуил и Арон.

17 август 986 г.:
битката при Траянови врата. За да сложи край на съпротивата на българите, император Василий II предприема поход към Средец, който обсажда безуспешно 20 дни. При отеглянето си, той е пресрещнат край днешен Ихтиман и в битката при Трянови врати загубва почти цялата си армия. Самият император едва се спасява.

14 юни 987 г. (годината е спорна): След раздори (вероятно заради съглашателската и задкулисна политика на Арон), Самуил избива целия род на брат си, с изключение на синът му Иван Владислав, за когото се застъпва братовчед му - самуиловия син Гавраил Радомир.

991 г. (или 992 г.): цар Роман попада отново във византийски плен, този път до края на живота си. Пълната власт е в ръцете на Самуил, който продължава да счита Роман за цар.

997 г.: цар Роман умира в Константинопол. След неговата смърт Самуил приема титлата цар. Тази титла (може би) е призната от римския папа.

29 юли 1014 г.: битката при с. Ключ (Беласишката битка). 15 000 български воини са пленени и ослепени, като на всеки сто души е оставен едноок водач, който да отведе слепците при Самуил. За тази своя жестокост, византийският император е наречен по късно "българоубиец." От вида на ослепените си войници цар Самуил получава удар и почива в “края на лятото” според Битолския надпис. Престолът наследява сина му Гавраил Радомир.

лятото на 1015 г.:
Цар Гавраил Радомир е убит от този, който е спасил от сигурна смърт - братовчед си Иван Владислав. Последният се обявява за новия български цар.

1016 г.:
Цар Иван Владислав убива Иван Владимир (зет на Самуил) за да го премахне като евентуален претендент за престола.

февруари 1018 г.:
Цар Иван Владислав е убит при обсада на крепостта Драч. Скоро след това цяла България попада под византийска власт за почти 170 г.

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          Ð˜ÑÑ‚орическият музей във Велинград (3 част) – зала “Николай Гяуров”        
<< към втора част (Великденски писани яйца)
Николай Георгиев Гяуров е български оперен певец, един от най-знаменитите басови гласове на XX-ти век. С дарение от неговия син Владимир е поставена основата на експозиция в самостоятелна изложбена зала за световно признатия певец в Историческия музей във Велинград.

В с. Лъджене (днес квартал на Велинград) в семейството на Марияна и Георги Гяурови се ражда сина им Николай на 13 септември 1929 г. (Забележка: към днешна дата – 6 декември 2009 г. в Уикипедията и други източници се твърди, че е роден в с. Каменица).


Николай Гяуров (роден в с. Лъджене, околия Пещерска, област Пловдивска) завършва местната прогимназия с отличен успех


Отрано проявявайки интерес към пеене и актьорски изяви, в казармата е диригент и солист на военен хор. Талантът му е открит от композитора Петко Стайнов. От 1949 г. учи белканто в Държавната музикална академия в София при проф. Хр. Бръмбаров. От следващата година до 1955 специализира в Ленинград (днешен С. Петербург) и завършва със златен медал Московската държавна консерватория “П. И. Чайковски” като ученик на известния певец и педагог Александър Иосифович Батурин.


Писмо на Н. Гяуров от Москва до родителите му


Краят на обучението е начало на шеметна му кариера. Първата награда на V световен младежки фестивал във Варшава 1955 г. и Голямата награда от международния конкурс по пеене в Париж 1955 г. отварят пътя на Гяуров към световните сцени. Дебютира в Софийската народна опера, но още в първото десетилетие след това вече е пял в най-големите и престижни оперни театри в света:
- Болшой театър (Большо́й теа́тр, Москва, CCCР – днес Русия) като стажант в периода 1956-1957 г., а от 1957-58 г. — солист;
- Държавната опера (Staatsoper, Виена, за първи път през 1957);
- парижката Гранд-Опера (Grand opéra, дебют 1958 г.);
- Ла Скала (La Scala, Милано, Италия - от 1959 г., като първи бас от 1961 г.);
- Кралската опера (Theatre Royal, Covent Garden - Лондон, започвайки от 1962 г.);
- Метрополитън опера (Metropolitan Opera, Ню Йорк: от 1965 г. до 1996 г.).
Репертоарът му включва басови партии на руски и италиански език от всички световноизвестни опери в които се изявяват възможностите на неговия изключителен глас и талант. И все пак в половинвековната му кариера няма как да не бъдат отбелязани превъплощенията му в ролите на Борис Годунов (от едноименната опера на М. П. Мусоргски), Мефистофел (“Фауст” от Ш. Гуно), Филип II (“Дон Карлос” от Дж. Верди), Дон Жуан (“Дон Жуан” от Моцарт), Дон Базилио (“Севилския бръснар” на Росини) и други.


Сценичен костюм на Гяуров


Те му носят непреходна световна слава и признание, заедно с трудно изброимо множестово от награди, почетни титли и звания. По важните чуждестранни признания са:
- “Комендаторе д`Итали” (1975 г.);
- Голямата награда за 1977 г. на Италианската асоциация за изкуства, наука и култура "Рома - Европа" за заслуги към световната и италианската музика;
- Международна награда за изкуство “Златният стрелец” (1978, Италия);
- Сребърен медал на мира на ООН за неговия принос чрез изкуството за взаимното опознаване, сближаване и сътрудничество между народите в света (1979), връчен му от тогавашния Генерален секретар на ООН Курт Валдхайм;
- Кавалер на ордена на Почетния легион (1991 г., Франция) и т.н.
За наша радост те са съпроводени и с признанието му в България. Освен като народен артист, Гяуров е награден с орден "13 века България" - за изключително големи заслуги към българската култура и във връзка с неговата 60-годишнина (1989) и е удостоен с титлата "доктор хонорис кауза" (почетен доктор) на Музикалната академия "П. Владигеров" в София (2000 г.).


Президиумът на Народното събрание удостоява Николай Гяуров със званието Народен артист през 1962 г.


Николай Гяуров е носител и на най-високото българско държавно отличие: орден "Стара планина"- първа степен, за извънредните му заслуги в оперното изкуство.


Орден "Стара планина"- първа степен, присъден на Николай Гяуров


Между другите многобройни награди са и ордените "Пиетро Маскани" и "Луиджи Илика", кавалер на френския “Орден за изкуство и литература”, почетен член на виенската Щатсопер, на Московската консерватория "Чайковски", камерзингерин на Австрия (най-престижната титла, която се присъжда на оперни певци в Австрия). Няколко пъти получава международната награда "Орфей" на Френската академия за грамофонен запис на оперни произведения, Голямата награда на Френската академия за грамофонни плочи "Шарл Кро" и други.
В музея може да видите и чуждестранна монета с лика на световноизвестния певец:


Монета, с лика на Николай Гяуров, изработена в Австрия


На името на Гяуров е наречен връх на остров Ливингстън, в Южния Шетландския архипелаг, Антарктика.

Във Велинград е издигнат паметник-бюст на певеца.


Бюст-паметник на Николай Гяуров (1929 – 2004) във Велинград


За Николай Гяуров завесата завинаги пада на 2 юни 2004 г.
          Ð˜ÑÑ‚орическият музей във Велинград (2 част) - Великденски писани яйца        
<< към първа част
Трансформиран древен обичай, днес боядисването и украсяването на яйца е неотменна част от празнуването на Великден в християнските семейства. Техниките за тази цел са много разнообразни, но една от най-старите е свързана с писаните с восък яйца.


Разпространение на восъчната техника при украса на великденските яйца в Европа


Обърнете внимание на определението “писани” – яйцата не са просто боядисани, а изписани с майсторство и любов. В района на Велинград това става като върху предварително сварените в посолена вода и изстинали (желателно бели) яйца се нанася восък първо върху тази част, която трябва да остане небоядисана. След това яйцето се потапя в най-светлата боя - жълтата и след като изсъхне се покриват с нов восъчен слой орнаментите, които трябва да останат жълти. Яйцето се боядисва в следващия цвят – червено и отново след изсъхване се нанася восък върху местата, които трябва да останат червени. Този процес продължава до най-тъмния цвят, но за да не получи неприятно наслояване на цветовете, се препоръчва или да се ползват светли тонове или преди боядисване със следващ цвят, предишния да се изсветли (най-често със стипца).
До появата на изкуствени оцветители за бои са се използвали отвари от части на растения или ядки: люспи от кромид лук или орехи и кори от ябълки за жълта, смрадлика за оранжева, коприва за зелена, дъбови кори или риган за червена, червено цвекло за лилава и т. н.
Нанасянето на разтопения восък се извършва по два начина:
- със стъклена главичка на карфица, забодена в неподострената страна на молив. Така се изписва нещо като разтеглена капка – сълзовиден елемент от много красиви цветя и фигури;
- писалка, чиито връх е тънка тръбичка от която изтича разтопения восък. С този инструмент се получават тънки линии с равномерна ширина.


Писалка за изписване на яйца


Накрая яйцето се нагрява до стопяване на восъка и той се отстранява с парцалче или хартия.
В някои райони на България обаче небоядисаното яице се апликира с цветен восък, като контурите на орнаментите се очертават с почернен восък.
От най-голямата в България колекция – над 1000 писани яйца, подбрах следното:


Яйце с кръст



Яйце (1)



Яйце (2)



Яйце (3)



Яйце (4)



Яйце (5)


Ето и няколко комплекта писани яйца:

(1)



(2)



(3)



(4)



(5)



(6)


А накрая две яйца с вносна украса.

Яйца, украсени в Европа

към трета част (зала "Николай Гяуров") >>

          Ð˜ÑÑ‚орическият музей във Велинград        
Адрес: гр. Велинград 4600, квартал Каменица, ул. "Владо Черноземски" No. 4
Работно време: 09.00 - 17.00 ч.
Почивeн дeн: неделя


Музейното дело в Чепинския край тази година (2009) навършва едно столетие. От събраните в училища и читалища експонати в средата на миналия век е учреден Исторически музей в наскоро образувания (през 1948 г.) гр. Велинград. Няколко месеца след това той се преобразува в Къща - музей "Вела Пеева" (градът носи нейното име). От 1982 г. музеят разполага със специално построена сграда с големи и удобни за експониране зали.


Сградата на музея


Министерство на културата променя статута му отново на Исторически музей през 1991 г., но част от велинградските жители и до днес го знаят като «музея на Вела Пеева». Понастоящем в него се съхраняват и проучват повече от 17 000 археологически находки, предмети от стария бит, икони, старопечатни книги, лични вещи, снимки и документи. Организирани са четири постоянни експозиции:
- мемориална част, посветена на Вела Пеева;
- етнографска експозиция наречена “Планината - гостоприемен дом”;
- Великденски писани яйца;
- зала "Николай Гяуров".
Музеят е и в стария и в новия списък на Стоте национални туристически обекта.

Вела Пеева (1922-1944, истинско имe Величка Пеева Пеева) е партизанка от отряд “Антон Иванов”. Ранена в засада, тя се укрива повече от месец в планината, но е открита и обкръжена от ловна рота. За да не попадне в плен се самоубива.


Част от експозицията за Вела Пеева


Етнографската експозиция наред със задължителните разнообразни местни народни носии съдържа и много предмети от бита на родопчани.


Народна носия (1)



Народна носия (2)



Народна носия (3)



Народна носия (4)



Палешник (работната част на плуг)



Дарак-чесало



Копан (бухалка)



Павурче (mлосък съд за течност, обикновенно ракия)


Може да се видят и копаня (продълговат плитък съд, издълбан от дърво; корито), кутел (дървен издълбан съд за чукане на жито или ориз), крондир (съд за вино или ракия, от метал или глина във форма на стомна или кана, с украса, с който канят на сватба). Списъкът с предмети обаче е твърде дълъг за изчерпателно изброяване, но може да бъде продължен със звучни и непознати за мен имена, като чакаларник, кандра . . .

към втора част (Великденски писани яйца) >>

          (DF) Production of Electricity from Renewable Sources Increases        
August 10 (BTA) - The production of electricity from renewable energy sources (RES) in Bulgaria increased by 6 per cent between January 1 and August 6, 2017.
          (DF) President Refrains from Imposing Veto on Amendments to Judicial System Act        
August 10 (BTA) - Bulgarian President Rumen Radev did not impose a veto on the amendments to the Judicial System Act (JSA), the Legal World website writes. This has become clear from the content of the next issue of the "State Gazette" to be publicized on Friday. The JSA amendments are promulgated in the "State Gazette".
          (DF) Households' Deposits Amount to BGN 45,800 Mln by End-June        
August 10 (BTA) - The number of deposits of sectors Non-financial corporations and Households and Non-profit institutions, serving households (NPISHs) was 10,640 million at the end of June 2017, the Bulgarian National Bank (BNB) said. They decreased by 3.5 per cent in comparison with June 2016, against a 4.2 per cent annual decline at the end of March 2017.
          (DF) No Indications of Injured Bulgarians in China's Sichuan Earthquake        
August 9 (BTA) - To date the Bulgarian embassy in Beijing has not received any information about Bulgarians who have died or been hurt at the earthquake in the southeastern part of China's S'chuan province on August 8, the Foreign Ministry said Tuesday.
          (DF) Bulgarian Export Up by 16% in First Half of 2017        
August 9 (BTA) - Exports from Bulgaria increased by 15.8 per cent in the first half of 2017, year on year, to reach a value of 25,131 million leva, according to preliminary data released by the National Statistical Institute released Wednesday. In June, the total export totalled 4,603 million leva which was 16.3 per cent up from this time last year.
          (DF) Justice Ministry Proposes Measures Relaxing Acquisition of Bulgarian Citizenship        
August 9 (BTA) - The Justice Ministry said on Wednesday that it is proposing measures that would relax the acquisition of Bulgarian citizenship and minimize the administrative burden by reducing the number of documents applicants are required to present.
          (DF) Parliament Chair Glavchev Confers with Macedonian Counterpart, PM        
August 8 (BTA) - It is now the turn of the parliaments of Bulgaria and Macedonia to confirm and continue what the two prime ministers - Boyko Borissov and Zoran Zaev - have done with the signing of the Treaty of Friendship, Good Neighbourliness and Cooperation, National Assembly Chairman Dimiter Glavchev said in Skopje on Tuesday quoted by the National Assembly Press Centre. He made this statement during a meeting with Macedonian Parliament Speaker Talat Xhaferi.
          (DF) Regional Development Ministry Has Paid Lv 236 Mln under National Renovation Programme        
August 8 (BTA) - As at the end of July the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works had paid a total of 235,987,521.60 leva to the Bulgarian Development Bank for a total of 232 retrofitted multifamily residential buildings under the National Programme for Energy Efficiency.
          (DF) Energy Regulator Closes Procedure for Delicensing of EVN Power Distributor        
August 8 (BTA) - The energy regulator has closed a procedure for delicensing power distributor EVN Bulgaria. An announcement about the decision has been published on the regulator's website on Tuesday.
          (DF) Government Plans to Double Validity of Foreign Travel Passports        
August 8 (BTA) - The validity of Bulgarian foreign travel passports will be doubled to 10 years from the current 5 years, Foreign Minister Ekaterina Zaharieva said on the Bulgarian National Television on Tuesday. The fees for some services provided by Bulgarian diplomatic representations abroad will be lowered, including by a quarter for issue of a temporary Bulgarian passport abroad (to 50 euro from the current 67 euro).
          (DF) Eurojust's Bulgarian Bureau Has Coordinated Several Successful Investigations        
August 7 (BTA) - Eurojust's Bulgarian bureau coordinated several investigations having resulted in successful international operations in Bulgaria, the Netherlands, Germany and Belgium, the Prosecution's Press Office said. This is the first such case in the organization's practice.
          (NW) Embroidered Map of Bulgaria Combines Beauty and Talent        
August 7 (Emil Mihailov of BTA) - Zdravka Tsvetkova is a civil engineer, but like many other Bulgarian women and a true native of Bansko, she has inherited a penchant for doing needlework and creating beauty by the standards passed on from mother to daughter.
          (DF) 13th Edition of World Meeting of Bulgarian Media to Be Held in Moldova in October        
August 7 (BTA) - The 13th edition of the World Meeting of Bulgarian Media will be held in Moldova October 4-8, BTA Director General Maxim Minchev told the press Monday. BTA organizes the forum jointly with the Association of Bulgarian media outlets across the world.
          (DF) German Ambassador Receives Highest Bulgarian Honour        
August 7 (BTA) - "Over the last few years of joint work and membership of the EU and NATO, Germany has established itself as a valuable friend, trusted partner and strategic ally to Bulgaria," President Rumen Radev said on Monday, presenting the Order of the Balkan Range, First Class, to German Ambassador Detlef Lingemann.
          (DF) Bulgarian-Turkish Project Promotes Cultural Tourism        
August 5 (BTA) - Memories and stories told by local citizens, books, periodicals and films will be used to gather information and photos as a part of a study of legendary and mystic sites of the crossborder region between Bourgas (Bulgaria) and Edirne (Turkey).
          (DF) Foreign Touristsin January-June Exceed 3.3 Mln        
August 5 (BTA) - The foreign tourists having visited Bulgaria in January-June 2017 exceed 3.3 million marking a growth of around 8 per cent, Tourism Minister Nikolina Angelkova said during the discussion "For Cleaner Sea Tourism" here on Saturday.
          (DF) Justice Minister Tsacheva: "Rules Will Guarantee Investigation of Prosecutor General, Supreme Courts' Presidents"        
August 4 (BTA) - Rules will be laid down to guarantee the investigation of the Prosecutor General and the presidents of the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Supreme Administrative Court, Bulgarian Justice Minister Tsetska Tsacheva said here on Friday, presenting the priorities of the Government's governance programme in the justice sector.
          (DF) Foreign Minister Zaharieva in Sarajevo: "We Back You in Your Bid for EU Candidate Status"        
August 4 (BTA) - "Bulgaria supports the enlargement [of the EU] into the Western Balkans, and I hope that you will get a candidate country status during our Presidency of the Council of the European Union. To this end, however, you will have to fulfil your tasks," Bulgarian Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Ekaterina Zaharieva said here on Friday, quoted by her Ministry in a press release, addressing the Foreign Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina Igor Crnadak.
          (DF) Economy Minister Karanikolov Presents Government Priorities in His Sector        
August 4 (BTA) - The Government's main economic priorities are reducing the administrative burden for individuals and businesses, supporting the development of industrial economic zones, as well as promoting the competitiveness of the economy, including support for small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), Bulgarian Economy Minister Emil Karanikolov told a news conference here on Friday.
          (DF) Socialists to Consult President, Prosecutor General, Judiciary Members on their Countercorruption Bill        
August 4 (BTA) - The Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) has invited the President, the Prosecutor General and representatives of the judiciary and of professional organizations to consultations on an alternative Countercorruption Bill of its own, BSP leader Kornelia Ninova told a news conference here on Friday.
          (DF) Presidents of Bulgaria, Russia Exchange Congratulations on 25th Anniversary of Treaty on Friendly Relations and Cooperation        
August 4 (BTA) - Bulgarian President Rumen Radev and Russian President Vladimir Putin have exchanged congratulatory messages on the 25th anniversary of the signing of the Bulgaria-Russia Treaty on Friendly Relations and Cooperation, the Bulgarian Presidency's website said on Friday.
          (DF) Experts: Bumper Year for Wheat Producers in Dobrich Region        
August 4 (BTA) - Grain producers in the region of Dobrich, Bulgaria's wheat basket, have harvested a record-large crop this year, according to experts. According to aggregate data of the local agriculture authority shortly before the end of the campaign, 723,487 tonnes of wheat have been harvested. In the record-high 2016, wheat production in the region reached 671,400 tonnes. This year, the average yield from 120,000 ha reaches up to 5, 980 kg per hectare, 350 kg more from last year, the agriculture authority said.
          (DF) Foreign Minister Starts Visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina        
August 3 (BTA) - Bulgarian Foreign Minister Ekaterina Zaharieva is visiting Bosnia and Herzegovina between Thursday and Friday, the Foreign Ministry's press office said.
          (DF) 140 Projects Ideas Approved in Third Call for Proposals under Romania-Bulgaria Programme        
August 3 (BTA) - A hundred and forty projects ideas, worth 270 million euro, were approved during the first step of the third call for proposals under the Interreg VA Romania-Bulgaria Programme a meeting of the programme's Monitoring Committee in Bucharest on Wednesday.
          (DF) Incumbents Adopt Four-Year Governance Programme        
, August 2 (BTA) - At its weekly meeting on Wednesday, the Bulgarian government adopted its programme for governance in the period 2017-2021, the Council of Ministers press service reported.
          (DF) Electricity Production, Consumption Grow        
, August 2 (BTA) - Between January 1 and July 30, the production and consumption of electricity increased year-on-year, according to data by Bulgaria's Electricity System Operator.
          (DF) President Radev Hails Goodneighbourliness Treaty with Macedonia        
August 2 (BTA) - Bulgarian President Rumen Radev hailed the Treaty of Friendship, Goodneighbourliness and Cooperation between Bulgaria and Macedonia signed on Tuesday. Radev underscored that "a new, European page has been turned" in bilateral relations, the presidential Press Secretariat said Wednesday.
          (DF) National Railway Operator Receives Lv 60 Mln-Plus in State Aid to Repay Debts        
August 2 (BTA) - Bulgaria's Council of Ministers has extended over 60 million leva in State aid to the Bulgarian State Railways (BDZ) to help the company repay its debts, Transport, Information Technology and Communications Minister Ivaylo Moskovski told journalists on Wednesday.
          (DF) Bulgaria Absolutely Ready to Take Over EU Presidency, Minister Says        
August 2 (BTA) - The government minister in charge of planning the Bulgarian Presidency of the EU Council in the first half of 2018 does not see any deficiencies that could affect the Presidency. Liliyana Pavlova believes that the three main prerequisites for a successful Bulgarian EU Presidency already exist: a well-trained staff, a calendar of events, and good logistics and organization of all relevant meetings in Brussels and Sofia.
          (DF) Bulgarian PM Borissov, Bulgarian Delegation Attend Ilinden Uprising Observances in Skopje        
August 2 (BTA special correspondent Hristo Vodenov) - On Wednesday, the second and last day of his official visit to Macedonia, Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov and his delegation attended observances of the anniversary of the 1903 Ilinden Uprising in Skopje. On August 2, the Republic of Macedonia marks its national day.
          (DF) US State Department Hails Signing of Bulgaria-Macedonia Good-neighbourliness Treaty        
August 2 (BTA) - "The United States congratulates Bulgaria and Macedonia on the signing of the Treaty of Friendship, Good-neighborliness and Cooperation," the US Department of State said in a press release on Tuesday.
          (DF) EC Officials and EU Foreign Ministers Welcome Bulgaria-Macedonia Treaty        
August 1 (BTA) - European Commission officials and EU foreign ministers hailed Tuesday's signature of the Goodneighbourliness Treaty between Bulgaria and Macedonia. Federica Mogherini, High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice President of the European Commission, and Johannes Hahn, Commissioner for Neighbourhood Policy and Enlargement Negotiations, said in a statement that the EU welcomes the treaty.
          (DF) Sofia Concludes Railway Memorandum with Skopje        
August 1 (BTA) - Bulgarian Transport Minister Ivaylo Moskovski and Macedonian Transport Minister Goran Sugareski on Tuesday signed a memorandum of understanding to develop railway links between their countries, Moskovski's ministry reported.
          (DF) Natural Gas Memorandum Signed with Macedonia        
August 1 (BTA) - The governments of Bulgaria and Macedonia have confirmed their political intention to work for the security of energy supplies to the two countries, to Southeastern Europe and to the European Union and have expressed support for the building of a European Energy Union. These commitments have been set out in a bilateral memorandum of understanding and cooperation in the field of natural gas. The memorandum was signed by Bulgarian Energy Minister Temenouzhka Petkova and Macedonian Economy Minister Kreshnik Bekteshi in Skopje on Tuesday, the Bulgarian government press service reported.
          (DF) Bulgaria, Macedonia Sign Goodneighbourliness Treaty        
August 1 (BTA) - A Treaty of Friendship, Goodneighbourliness and Cooperation between Bulgaria and Macedonia was signed in Skopje on Tuesday. The document was signed by Prime Ministers Boyko Borissov of Bulgaria and Zoran Zaev of Macedonia during the former's two-day official visit to Skopje. "The Treaty is not aimed against any country," Borissov said, speaking to journalists. He said that Bulgaria and Macedonia, "using no intermediaries or guidelines, arrived at the conclusion that peace, friendship and goodneighbourliness are more important than all else." Macedonian Prime Minister Zaev said: "The Republic of Macedonia and the Republic of Bulgaria have together made a historic step forward. We decided to use history as a basis for the future and we opened up a path of stability and development for our two countries and for the Balkan region."
          (NW) Bulgarian Team Brings Gold, Silver and Bronze from International Biology Olympiad in Coventry        
August 1 (BTA) - Bulgaria's biology team participating in the International Biology Olympiad in Coventry, Great Britain, has brought home a set of gold, silver and bronze medals from the event. This is the greatest success so far in the history of a Bulgarian team at a biology Olympiad, the Association of Olympic Teams in Natural Sciences said.
          (NW) Greenpeace Vessel to Study Black Sea Ecosystems        
August 1 (BTA) - A purpose-built sailing yacht, Rainbow Warrior, will study ecosystems in the Black Sea. The vessel, owned and operated by Greenpeace, will be in Bulgarian waters between August 5 and 14, the local authorities in Bourgas said.
          (DF) New Car Parts Plant Opens in Pazardjik        
August 1 (BTA) - Prime Minister Boyko Borissov, Foreign Minister Ekaterina Zaharieva and former President Rossen Plevneliev (2012-2017) cut the ribbon for a car parts plant in Pazardjik Tuesday. The new plant is the third production base of the KOSTAL group in Bulgaria.
          (DF) Union of Judges Urges President to Veto Revisions to Two Judiciary Laws        
August 1 (BTA) - The Union of Judges in Bulgaria wrote to President Rumen Radev Monday urging him to veto controversial revisions to two laws concerning the functioning of the judiciary: the Judicial System Act and the Code of Criminal Procedure.
          (DF) Sofia Bids to Host European Medicines Agency        
July 31 (BTA) - The Bulgarian government announced Monday that it has placed a bid for hosting the headquarters of the European Medicines Agency (EMA). "This decision reflects Bulgaria's commitment to the common European values and founding principles, as well as the will of this country to continue to contribute constructively to attaining the goals of the European policies, including those in public health," reads an official letter from Prime Minister Boyko Borissov to European Council President Donald Tusk and European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker.
          (DF) Think Tank: Bulgarian Experiences Sustainable Economic Growth, Growing Employment        
July 31 (BTA) - In mid-2017, Bulgaria's economic growth continues to exceed 3 per cent on an annual basis, according to a report by Industry Watch, entitled Consumption and Lending in Growth: Economic Risks and Challenges 2017-2018", received by BTA on Monday. The main macroeconomic indicators in the eurozone and the European Union reflect positive dynamics overall, the report suggests.
          (DF) Socialist Leader Proposes New Organization against Corruption        
July 29 (BTA) - Kornelia Ninova on Saturday urged her fellow Socialists to start a discussion in August about setting up a new organization against corruption in Bulgaria. The leader of the Bulgarian Socialist Party (BSP) proposed that the anti-corruption unit be taken out of the State Agency for National Security and the unit director be designated by President Rumen Radev, whom Ninova described as "a decent and dignified man."
          (DF) Governments of Bulgaria and Romania to Hold Joint Meeting in October        
July 29 (BTA) - The governments of Bulgaria and Romania will hold a joint meeting in Varna in October, Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov said in the seaside city on Saturday. Borissov added that Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras will also be invited to the meeting. The discussion will focus on improving the transport links between the Balkan countries, he said.
          (DF) Visiting Sudanese Foreign Minister Meets with Bulgarian Vice President        
June 28 (BTA) - Meeting with the visiting Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour here Friday, Bulgarian Vice President Iliana Iotova said that strengthening of bilateral cooperation in the area of higher education will get the support of all state institutions in Bulgaria, said the President's Press Secretariat.
          (DF) E-Health System Fails to Launch in Ten Years - Audit Report        
July 28 (BTA) - The National Audit Office said on Friday it has audited the implementation of an e-health information system between January 1 2012 and June 30 2016. Despite being a constant priority in all government programmes and national healthcare strategies, Bulgaria doesn't have an integrated healthcare information system which will provide necessary information to the healthcare administration and health services consumers.
          (DF) MPs Adopt Calendar for Bulgarian Presidency of EU Council in 2018        
July 28 (BTA) - The National Assembly adopted Friday a calendar of the parliamentary dimension of the Bulgarian Presidency of the EU Council from January 1 to June 30, 2018. The calendar features six events, said the parliamentary press office.
          (DF) French President Emmanuel Macron to Pay Visit to Bulgaria        
July 28 (BTA) - The President of France Emmanuel Macron will visit Bulgaria on August 25 at the invitation of the Head of State Roumen Radev and Prime Minister Boyko Borissov, the presidential press secretariat and the Government Information said Friday.
          (DF) Two Bulgarian Women Detained in Turkey        
July 28 (BTA) - The Bulgarian embassy in Ankara has received a call from a Bulgarian citizen that during their holiday his wife and daughter were detained by the Turkish police in Aydin, the foreign Ministry said Thursday.
          (DF) Sudanese Foreign Minister Pays Visit in Sofia        
July 27 (BTA) - Sudanese Foreign Minister Ibrahim Ghandour was on an official visit to Sofia Thursday to become the first top diplomat of his country visiting Bulgaria after the start of democratic changes here in 1989. He met with Parliament leader Dimiter Glavchev and Foreign Minister and Deputy Prime Minister Ekaterina Zaharieva, and discussed with them ways to broaden cooperation.
          (DF) Bulgarian Parliament Adopts Unanimously Declaration in Support of Bulgaria-Macedonia Goodneighbourliness Treaty        
July 27 (BTA) - The Bulgarian Parliament Thursday adopted unanimously a declaration in support of a Treaty of Friendship, Goodneighbourliness and Cooperation with Macedonia. 206 MPs took the vote and all votes were in favour.
          (DF) Bulgarian Government Approves Draft Treaty of Goodneighbourliness with Macedonia        
July 26 (BTA) - At its weekly meeting Wednesday, the Bulgarian government approved a draft Treaty of Friendship, Goodneighbourliness and Cooperation with Macedonia, said the government press office. The signing of the Treaty is "an expression of Bulgaria's wish to build relations of goodneighbourliness with Macedonia, based on European values", Bulgarian Prime Minister Boyko Borissov said during the government meeting.
          (DF) Albania's President Tells Top Bulgarian Diplomat that His Country Relies Much on Bulgaria's Support for EU Integration        
July 26 (BTA) - Meeting with the visiting Bulgarian Foreign Minister Ekaterina Zaharieva here Wednesday, Albanian President Ilir Meta said his country relies much on Bulgaria's support for its EU integration efforts. "We rely on you very much and we appreciate the efforts of Bulgaria for the enlargement of the EU into the Western Balkans. We want to do our homework the best way we can," President Meta told Zaharieva as he welcomed her. Details of the meeting were made public by the Bulgarian Foreign Ministry.
          (DF) NHIF Budget for 2018 Should Increase by Lv 330-plus Mln, Medical Association Says        
July 26 (BTA) - The budget of the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF) for 2018 should increase by over 330 million leva, Ventsislav Grozev, President of the Bulgarian Medical Association, told a BTA-hosted news conference Wednesday. In his opinion, the increased funds could come from overperformance on health insurance contributions, the increase in the minimum wage and in the State's contribution, among others.
          (DF) Trade Unions Alert International Institutions about Employers' Conduct        
July 26 (BTA) - The Confederation of Independent Trade Unions in Bulgaria (CITUB) and the Podkrepa Confederation of Labour have alerted all the international institutions about "the unprecedented aggression of the leaders of the nationally represented employer organizations against social dialogue and the labour force in Bulgaria", CITUB announced.
          (NW) Peaches Increasingly Grown for Processing as Sales Are Guaranteed - Expert        
July 26 (BTA) - Peaches are increasingly being grown for processing because sales are guaranteed, BTA learned from Kosta Petrov, Chairman of the Bulgarian Peach Association. Nearly 70 per cent of peach orchards in the country's southeast are in Sliven Region. Table varieties account for 70 per cent and the rest are canning varieties.
          (DF) Ad Hoc Parliamentary Committee Recommends Audit Office Check on NDK 2015-2017 Financial Management        
July 25 (BTA) - The parliamentary ad hoc committee appointed to look into the spending of funding allocated to prepare the NDK convention centre for Bulgaria's EU Presidency in 2018 Tuesday recommended that the National Audit Office make an audit of NDK for 2015-2017. The ad hoc committee's report passed with 10 votes in favour and nine against.
          (DF) Energy Minister Petkova Meets with US Ambassador Rubin        
July 25 (BTA) - Meeting with US Ambassador in Sofia Eric S. Rubin, Energy Minister Temenouzhka Petkova said the construction of the Greece-Bulgaria gas interconnector is one of the government's top priorities in the energy sector and is key to the diversification of routes and sources of natural gas both for Bulgaria and the whole of Southeastern Europe.
          (DF) Union of Bulgarian Jurists Sends Letter to President Protesting against Revisions to Judicial System Act        
July 25 (BTA) - The Union of Bulgarian Jurists has sent a letter to the President taking a stance against the proposed revisions to the Judicial System Act. The texts have a retrograde effect on the development of democratic processes and the establishment of the state of law, the jurists say.
          (DF) Vice President Iotova Meets Representatives of Association of Bulgarian Schools Abroad        
July 25 (BTA) - The educational centres abroad should be wardens of the Bulgarian spirit, Vice President Iliana Iotova said, as quoted by the presidential press centre. She was speaking after her Tuesday meeting at the Presidency with representatives of the Association of Bulgarian Schools Abroad /ABSA/.
          (DF) Employers Request Scrapping of Seniority Bonus        
July 24 (BTA) - The Association of the Organizations of Bulgarian Employers (ABEA) want the seniority bonus (for length of service) scrapped, it emerged at a BTA-hosted news conference Monday. The Chairman of the Board of the Bulgarian Industrial Capital Association, Vassil Velev, who currently also heads ABEA, said the restructuring of salaries and waiver of the seniority bonus, which will be included in monthly salaries will allow for equality between workers and employees.
          (DF) Report: Gap between Richest, Poorest Regions to Grow        
July 24 (BTA) - The gap between the richest and the poorest regions in Bulgaria will continue to grow, suggests an analysis of incomes in Bulgaria carried out by the Institute for Market Economics and the Bulgarian Geoinformation Company.
          Special Protein Contributes to Control of HIV Infection in Elite Controllers        

As many of you may know, I am a publicly visible member of a small minority of HIV-positive people who control the virus in as-of-yet unexplained ways, called "HIV Controllers (HCs) and/or "Long Term Nonprogressors (LTNPs)." In addition to participation in 13 separate clinical research studies in the United States, I have established the Zephyr L.T.N.P. Foundation to link members of this community to studies, provide support services and to maintain the topic of HCs/LTNPs in the public view. As of today, only 1725 of us have been identified world-wide, and each of us contributes valuable clues toward a better understanding of the human immune response to HIV. It is our collective hope that, through our contributions to science, we may help to advance the development of a therapeutic vaccine for HIV/AIDS, as well.

I'm pleased to report there are over 30 abstract submissions to this year's conference from research teams located in 10 different countries -- Bulgaria and the Russian Federation have chimed in, too -- about their findings on HCs/LTNPs. A few of these have literally knocked me off my chair, so profound are their conclusions, but all of them herald a time of discovery and a huge leap toward the reasons for our "mechanisms of control." I will be highlighting a few of the most promising abstracts (in abbreviated form) with brief comments on why I (humbly) believe the findings are important to achieving the goal.

Read more ...


          Workout of the Day: Sunday, 8.6.2017.        
WORKOUT OF THE DAY: MOVEMENT PREP: 3min mobility as needed 2 rounds: 30′ High Knee Lunge + Twist 30′ Spiderman Step + OH Reach 30′ Lateral Lunge 30′ Inchworm 30′ Broad Jump STRENGTH: A1. Lateral Box Jump x 5/side A2. Bulgarian Split Squat x 5/side A3. Weighted Cossack Squat x 5/side CONDITIONING: 11min AMRAP: 30 […]
          Ð¯ тебе кохаю        
Afrikaans - Ek is lief vir jou!
Albanian - Te dua!
Amharic - Afekrishalehou!
Arabic - Ohiboke (m to f), Nohiboka (f to m, or m to m)
Armenian - Yes kez si'rumem!
Azerbaijan - Mjan sjan sevirirjam
Basque - Maite zaitut!
Bengali - Ami tomake bahlobashi!
Bosnian - Volim te!
Bulgarian - Obicham te!
Catalan - T'estimo!
Creole - Mi aime jou!
Croatian - Volim te!
Czech - Miluji tev!
Danish - Jeg elsker dig!
Dutch - Ik hou van je!
English - I love you!
Esperanto - Mi amas vin!
Estonian - Mina armastan sind!
Farsi - Tora dost daram!
Filipino - Iniibig kita!
Finnish - (Ma) rakastan sua!
French - Je t'aime!
Frisian - Ik hald fan dei!
Galician - Querote!
German - Ich liebe dich!
Greek - S'ayapo!
Gujarati - Hoon tane pyar karoochhoon! tane chaahuN chhuN!
Hawaiian - Aloha wau ia 'oe!
Hebrew - Anee ohev otakh (m to f), Anee ohevet otkha (f to m), Anee ohev otkha (m to m), Anee ohevet otakh (f to f)
Hindi - Mai tumase pyar karata hun (m to f), Mai tumase pyar karati hun (f to m)
Hungarian - Szeretlek!
Icelandic - Eg elska thig!
Indonesian - Saya cinta padamu!
Irish - t'a gr'a agam dhuit!
Italian - Ti amo!
Japanese - Kimi o ai shiteru!
Korean - Dangsinul saranghee yo!
Latin - Te amo!
Latvian - Es tevi milu!
Lithuanian - As tave myliu!
Malaysian - Saya cintamu!
Mandarin - Wo ai ni!
Marshallese - Yokwe Yuk!
Norwegian - Jeg elsker deg!
Polish - Kocham ciebie!
Portuguese - Eu te amo!
Romanian - Te iubesc!
Russian - Ya tyebya lyublyu!
Sanskrit - twayi snihyaami
Serbian - Volim te!
Sesotho - Kiyahurata!
Slovak - Lubim ta!
Slovenian - Ljubim te!
Spanish - Te quiero!
Swahili - Nakupenda!
Swedish - Jag alskar dig!
Tagalog - Mahal kita!
Thai - Phom rug khun (Male speaker) Chan rug khun (Female speaker)
Turkish - Seni seviyorum!
Ukrainian - Ya tebe kokhayu!
Urdu - Main tumse muhabbat karta hoon!
Vietnamese - Anh yeu em (m to f), Em yeu an (f to m)
Welsh - Rwy'n dy garu di!
Yiddish - Kh'hob dikh lib!
Zulu - Ngiyakuthanda!




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          What Defines Luxury Travel in Turkey?        

In the last few years, Turkey has embarked on a building spree of 5-star all-inclusive hotels, sold at budget prices, over the internet and through travel agents. Appealing mostly to British, Bulgarian, Georgian and Russian clientele, they are scattered all over the Aegean and Mediterranean coasts. Admittedly, they do offer value for money with unlimited […]

Read more from the Turkish Travel Blog : Travelling the Country of Turkey


          Organic feeding, organic eating        












Sara is down on her knees these days, planting tomatoes and peppers, turning the soil in preparation for planting peas and beans. Her kale is ready for eating, and the Brussels sprouts and broccoli are well on their way.

It’s Spring gardening season, and despite the unpredictable nature of our weather, some of her small strawberry plants are already showing red fruit, while her large raspberry bush is full of promising buds. In the flower department, poppies and peonies are trying to outdo each other in rich reds and oranges, while the purple blue shower of catmint flowers is only outdone by the long lasting blessing of the forget-me-not blue star field.

We went through the first signs of Spring—crocuses, hyacinths, daffodils, tulips—and now we’re in the clematis, early rose, bluebells, and lupens period. Sara has dug up large sections of her flower beds, moving things around and redesigning the stone walled enclosures. Yes, after years of having her raised beds enclosed by driftwood, Sara started converting the perimeters of the beds to stone, with a little help from a neighbor. My work and sore back prevented me from helping out.

We had kale—prepared with garlic and slivered almonds—last night, and Sara’s red and green lettuce has been ready for the nightly picking for quite a while. Her sorel has bolted, and ready for trimming. She promised to utilize the second growth to make sorel soup, hopefully sweetened with some honey.

Speaking of honey, we finally spotted some bumblebees among the catmint flowers this week, but still no honey bees. Facebook friends report a similar dearth of the helpful insects, without whom the work of pollination will be very difficult, indeed. Who is to blame? Corporate pesticides, cell phones, or an insidious virus? It’s very disturbing…

Advanced Nutrients, our favorite fertilizer maker, has undergone many changes since we started using their products back in 2006. We hear that their CEO is helping to feed thousands of poor families at Christmas and Easter in Bulgaria these days, and that they are coming out with a brand new line of products to be used with coco coir as a substrate. Since we hardly use hydroponics, we’re still betting on Iguana Juice, Grow and Bloom, to keep our plants and flowers well fed each year! But Sara has switched to a coco fiber seedling pot, which is biodegradable.

She started the kale from seed, BTW, under a very primitive grow light, wick-action hydroponic system, but we had to cut the holes bigger on the bottoms of the coco pots, in order to aid the absorption of water from below. The taste of that wonderful vegetable still lingers on my tongue from last night. By producing some of our own food each year, we are not only saving a bit of money, but we’re taking part in a very exciting global revolution of growing our own—rather than depending on the corporate agri-businesses to supply shrink-wrapped, half-ripe produce for our table.

          Carnival of the Balkans #3!!        
Every time I try to compile the Balkan Carnival, blog.hr goes down! it happened again today, but they seemed to recover fairly quickly. Drax points out that technical reliability is not the service's only problem--they are also worried about acquiring a non-serious image, as blogs are not respected by mainstream media in the Balkans. But we respect one another (yes?), so here is another selection of this month's favorite items from Balkan blogs.

Yakima Gulag realized that it had become a Balkan blog, and explained to readers how and why. At Science and Politics, the variations on identity come together with a religious, political, and scientific reflection on how the heck our kids get so smart. It makes for an interesting reflection on identity and its pleasures and problems, and also at least by implication on ways in which Balkan identity can be chosen.

The issue of identity and its being chosen or rejected came up again in relation to the question of language. Filologanoga offered a linguistic-historical reflection on the new recodification of the Croatian language, contrasting concerns about uniqueness with enthusiasm for creativity and diversity. Meanwhile a completely different take on linguistic diversity is offered by 20-month old David Muir. The final word on the question of identity comes, as it should, from an advertisement by a sweets manufacturer.

Economic conditions remained challenging in the region, as Drax reports that they are threatening even establishments for gambling on sports matches. In Croatia, Seesaw reports that tourists are finding that Serbian agencies offer the best prices for coastal destinations in Croatia. However, there may be an incipient growth market for Bosnian snail farmers.

Not all of the economic and political improvements are moving at a snail's pace, though. Seesaw reports that >Romania and Bulgaria are expected to lead the Balkan charge into the EU. And Serbia-Montenegro was susrprised to get a favorable feasibility study which nobody seems to have got around to translating. The trifecta of developments led to a debate on whether Balkan neighbors are pleased by one anothers' success in dealing with accession to the EU.

While CNN continued a daily osvrt on the scandals of Croatian public life. On scandals elsewhere in the region, Morpheus informs us of the plan for war criminals to be captured by Pierce Brosnan. And East Ethnia followed war-criminal developments on other fronts.

It was a good month for Balkan musicians. The Bosnian supergroup Bijelo Dugme announced reunion plans, a fact which Bosny celebrated with a song translation. And "Crvena jabuka" is now 20 years old. Chuck Berry is older still, but the Partibrejkersi will open for him in Zagreb. In the folk-jazz department, electronic harmonikas Belinda Bedelkovic was featured in an interesting video. In the folk-crime department, Ceca tried to do a foreign tour but was denied visas by Canada and Australia.

The local and global competed in a pro-sljivovica poster provided by Novala, while spring was hailed by dandelion salad recipes from Yakima and from the eastern part of Ethnia. At Gulistan, there was food porn for lovers of squid.

Several Balkan blogs offered new features and changes. "The Glory of Carniola" tried a design change in the spirit of April 1, and then changed the page design anyway, from the touristy to the newspaperish. Kushtrim Xhakli put up a new interactive map of his regular destinations in Prishtine. And quiet for a while, Dvevnik ulice is back. The Burekeaters are also moving to a new home. We hope it will be large enough to hold the creation that breaks the record for the world's largest burek. In the news about bloggers, Mat Savelli is headed to grad school. And Teekay faces the technical and cultural shock of moving from Sarajevo to some distant place. Had he gone to Britain, he may have got some benefit from the advice that was found by URLanje.

A few new blogs made their appearance, including Hamburek and investigative journalism by Zeljko Peratovic. Let's keep seeing more as the blogosfera gets wider and more well rounded.
          Libertarian position on the EU Referendum        
On 23rd June, the UK will vote on whether to remain in or leave the EU.  I'm voting to leave the EU, and believe that, on balance, those who believe in individual liberty including free trade should strongly support leaving the EU.

Bizarrely, Prime Minister David Cameron, having campaigned for a referendum, is now claiming that a vote for the UK to leave would trigger recession, economic catastrophe and even risk future war.  He’s been asked why he bothered putting the UK through such a risk, particularly since only months ago he said the UK would “do ok”.    Now both the Tory Government, most of the Labour Party and virtually all Liberal Democrats, Scottish and Welsh Nationalists and the Greens are all campaigning to remain in the EU, whereas the campaign to leave is led by Boris Johnson,  Michael Gove, nearly half of Conservative MPs, a handful of Labour MPs and UKIP.

The two main planks of the Remain camp are first that leaving the EU Single Market would damage the economy, and they cite many economists, the IMF, World Bank and OECD who all support this, along with some major business leaders and companies.  The second claim is that leaving the EU “lessens Britain” and isolates it, and means the UK loses influence. 

The Leave campaign has a few key messages.  One is that it will save £350m a week from not contributing to the EU (although that excludes receipts from EU programmes to the UK and Thatcher’s rebate, which could be removed at any time).  Secondly, is that leaving the EU will return sovereignty to the British Government, rather than the EU, which passes laws, even if all British MEPs oppose them, imposing them on the UK.  Thirdly, is concern that immigration cannot be effectively controlled whilst there is free movement and full rights for all EU citizens to reside in the UK.

For a libertarian, the EU referendum does mean a trade off.   Indeed, the only two elements of the EU that are pro-freedom are the single market and free movement of people.

EU Membership does provide a single market of over 550 million people, for goods if not for services.  However, it is a customs union that is highly protectionist, and has for decades been one of the biggest objectors to global free trade in agriculture and in many services at the WTO, particularly because France is consistently resistant to trade liberalisation.   Much is made of the EU signing “trade deals” with other countries, but it rarely includes services and never includes agriculture.   Nick Clegg likes to describe the many years and reams of paper needed for the EU to reach trade agreements with the likes of Canada, as if this is the norm (and a burden the UK would have to bear with other countries if outside the EU).  Yet this is quite unnecessary.  New Zealand and Australia agreed on free trade (CER) in less than four years, with a relatively simple agreement.  The only reason free trade agreements become complex is when one of the parties wants exemptions – not actually wanting free trade. 

The second libertarian element of the EU is the free movement of people.  The ability to cross borders virtually unimpeded is of significant value, but it is unconditional.  No EU Member states have the ability to shut out other EU citizens if they have been convicted of any serious offences.   I am not from the camp that believes that free movement within the EU is inherently bad, but I do believe countries should be able to exclude foreign nationals who are proven violent criminals.  The UK's immigration problems are in part, its own fault.  Its health system is the world's biggest civilian bureaucracy that makes feeble attempts to restrict non-national usage and asks nothing of users in terms of financial contributions.  Anyone with legal residency in the UK has access to the welfare state (including generous tax credits for low income workers and child benefits), to taxpayer funded education for their children and access to publicly subsidised housing (indeed there is a "legal right" to housing in the UK, paid for by others).   

In short, the UK has a welfare state edifice that is attractive to migrants with low skills, especially coming from much poorer countries with inferior health, education and housing provision.   If it wants to reduce immigration, it ought to look in the mirror.

Furthermore, as journalist Rod Liddle said at a Spectator hosted event on June 13th, eastern Europeans don't pose an existential threat to western civilisation or to the values of individual freedom that give cause to be concerned about Islamism.  As much as some are concerned about Polish migration to Britain, they integrate, they embrace the values of a developed Western liberal democracy, they set up businesses, they are not demanding media not offend them with threats of violence. Notwithstanding the distortions caused by the UK's wider welfare state, I am not concerned about migration from eastern European, as long as prudent measures are made to exclude convicted violent criminals.

However, the freedom of movement and freedom of trade within the single market do not, for me, outweigh what's wrong with the EU:

- It is a massive exercise in regulation and legal control on almost all areas of the economy.  The EU has over 10,000 Directives on anything from standards for fruit and vegetables, to blowtorches, to light bulbs, to employment.  It is a huge corporatist system that imposes major compliance costs on businesses, restricting new entry and restraining innovation.  Most explicitly, the EU has prohibited the use of genetically modified organisms in agriculture, ensuring that research and development of GM technology outside laboratories is based in the US and Asia, not Europe.

- Its budget is dominated by the protectionist racket known as the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP).  The CAP inflates the price of food for Europeans by heavily restricting imports from more efficient producers from many countries, including New Zealand, and subsidises overproduction in Europe which is then exported undermining market prices in other countries including poor producers in developing countries.  The CAP impoverishes farmers in poor countries, whilst the EU engages in pious virtue signalling about how much it cares about inequality.  The CAP itself isn't even equal in Europe, as it would have gone bankrupt had eastern European producers been subsidised at the same rates as those in western Europe, so perversely farmers in the EU's poorest countries (e.g. Bulgaria) receive subsidies one-third lower than those in its richest countries (e.g. Luxembourg).

- The EU takes £10 billion a year of British taxpayers' money more than it returns (and most of what it returns is to prop up farmers, to fund research projects or pious regional development projects).  That is money currently borrowed from future taxpayers.  It should end to help balance the budget.  The ludicrous idea that this is the "price for accessing the single market" is absurd.  Free trade does not need to be accompanied by massive subsidy schemes for small parts of the EU economy or politically motivated infrastructure, research or vanity projects (such as Galileo - the EU's complete duplication of the US GPS system, under the nonsensical basis that the US might "shut it down one day").  Furthermore, the majority of EU Member States are not net contributors, and until the past three years neither was France (primarily because it takes so much back in subsidies to prop up its 19th century farming sector).

- The EU is fundamentally authoritarian in instinct, having contempt for the democratically expressed choices of EU Member State voters (the EU President recently said that certain political parties would "not be allowed" to have power if they won elections in EU Member States, such as the Freedom Party in Austria).  The EU's utter failure to provide any discipline on spending in some Euro-member states and contempt for popular revolt at the resulting economic collapse reflects its distance from the concerns of Europeans.  Notably, it has taken few steps to address Hungary's creeping authoritarianism as its government subverts much of its media to support its own propaganda.

- Members of the European Parliament have no powers at all to introduce new legislation including legislation to abolish existing Directives.  Only the European Council can introduce draft legislation into the European Parliament, and the Council is comprised of people appointed by Member State Governments.  The closest the EU gets to accountability is that MEPs can vote to oppose the passage of draft directives, but none can propose their own new legislation.

- The European Commission budget has been found to be materially in error every year for the past 18 years, most recently by 3.9%, or around €5 billion.  This is in part because of the complexities of its spending programs there is considerable scope for fraud and mistake.  Never mind, the EU just keeps asking for more money.

- The EU never cuts its budget, ever.  Every year it asks for more and more, it never ceases to undertake any functions, it never seeks to hand back powers to Member States.  It grows inexorably.  Ten years ago it didn't have a common Foreign Policy, it is now discussing haviuniong an EU Army.  Bear in mind this growth continues in spite of it telling the likes of Greece and Spain that they need to cut spending to balance their budgets.

- The EU falsely claims it is responsible for peace in Europe amongst its Member States, ignoring not only the role of NATO in deterring war with the Soviet Union, but also the more fundamental principle that liberal democracies don't go to war with each other.  The EU got in the way of addressing the war in the Balkans in the 1990s as it opposed letting the Bosnian Muslims arm themselves to respond to the Serbian ultra-nationalist genocide being led by Radovan Karadzic, it has been divided over Ukraine.

- The EU attracts mediocre political appointees to have considerable power over us all.  The UK supplied the second Foreign Minister, Catherine Ashton, a Labour Party member, unionist and former peer (i.e. never elected) who had no foreign policy background.  Failed UK Labour Leader Neil Kinnock built a long career for himself and his family in the EU.  

- The EU has attacked free speech by requiring Google to remove content from searches that EU citizens specifically request as being the "right to be forgotten" .  More recently it has sought to have a common approach to "hate speech", including a call to restrict "disrespectful public discourse".  Fuck off you arseholes.

- The EU project's ultimate end game is a European superstate with power over taxation, national budgets and a massive programme to "harmonise" the regulation of all industries and sectors as one.  This superstate will not be interested in reducing what it does, granting more freedoms to its citizens and reducing its burden on taxpayers, rather the contrary.

Supporters of the Vote Leave campaign have produced this movie below, which is being freely distributed.




I have already cast my postal vote to leave and no, I don't take the views of President Obama, John Key, the IMF, World Bank,  UN Secretary General or others into account.  I don't expect any government or any international organisation to risk their own trade and relationships with the world's largest economy (the EU) by supporting the UK leaving.   Most bizarrely, it is odd that President Obama would ask the UK to stay in a political union that the US itself would never bind itself to even if it could, given the US itself refuses to sign up to many international treaties because it doesn't want its sovereignty restrained.

However, let's be very clear what leaving the UK does not mean:

The campaign to leave the EU is not led by those who want the UK to be isolated and protectionist: Unlike the opposition to the UK's original EEC Membership in 1975, those who lead the campaign to leave the EU now are not primarily socialists who feel threatened by foreign competition.  They are advocates of free and open trade with the rest of the world.   They are dominated by concerns that UK's national sovereignty is eroded by the EU and that the EU is wasteful, sclerotic, inefficient and dismissive of individual freedoms and people's concerns about it.

Leaving the EU is not "ending co-operation": Over 160 countries in the world co-operate on a vast number of matters.   Switzerland, Norway and Iceland are not in the EU, all trade freely with it and work with it and each other and other states, without being tied to the EU project.

Leaving the EU is not racist:  By illiberal-leftwing standards, the EU itself may be deemed racist with its trade policy that harnesses protectionism and European taxpayers' money to harm producers in developing countries.  Those advocating for Brexit want an immigration policy that does not favour EU citizens from non-EU citizens, which would appear to be anything but racist.

Leaving the EU is not "leaving" or "turning our back on Europe":  The EU is not Europe, it is a political-customs union project.  The UK has been at the heart of advocating values of freedom, civil liberties, liberal democracy, rule of law and separation of powers in Europe for much longer than any other countries in Europe.  It is understandable why some countries with recent totalitarian pasts would see the EU as a project that may enable them to move on from unspeakable horrors and oppression, but the UK does not have such a path.  UK outside the EU would trade, travel and work closely with European countries, with continued migration and investment, it simply wouldn't be shackled to how the EU wants Europeans to interact.

Leaving the EU is not seeking a return to a "golden age": Far from it, it is seeking to regain full sovereignty over UK laws to create a more dynamic, outward looking Britain that isn't dependent on the EU for freer trade with the rest of the world.  No one harks back to Empire, some say Brexit will enable trading relationship with the Commonwealth to be revitalised, but few see a future of self-sufficiency and exclusion.

So I have voted to Leave.  I know if it happens, the pound will drop, the FTSE100 will drop and there will be panic.  I also know that there are strong calls for Brexit to mean a significant toughening of immigration policy, which I largely oppose.  I also know there is chance the UK will be blocked from the single market for some time, as the EU and major EU Member States seek to punish the UK for leaving, rather than look at themselves as to why that might be.

However, I am also hopeful and optimistic that the world's 5th largest economy can be more outward looking, can liberalise its economy, can reprioritise its net contribution to the EU by cutting its budget deficit and replacing the subsidy programmes it receives now and phase them out.  I am hopeful that the UK can show the EU that it should be more dynamic, open and prosperous, stimulating the sort of reforms EU Member States desperately need.  I am also hopeful that the charlatan, the PR spin doctor Prime Minister, David Cameron, can finally retire, and the UK can have a government that doesn't look like the Labour Party stayed in power after 2010.

          Post 'VIAJE EXPRÉS!!!'        
Autor: Manu Cordova, con fecha 03/12/2010 08:49

a estamos poniendo el cuerpo a punto, entreno tras entreno las sensaciones van siendo mejores!!<br>Para escapar de la tortura que me pone Danielo, me toca ir a Bulgaria. <br><br>Hay un festival de montaña en la capital, Sofía, y representando a TrangoWorld, uno de los esponsors del evento, pues voy yo. <br><br>Ha sido un viaje muy rápido, en el que he ido de la mano de Jorge, quien la verdad, me ha llevado a cuerpo de rey. Y con el público Búlgaro, con quienes he podido disfrutar de un día de visita a diferentes lugares donde ir a escalar. Supongo que habrá que volver con más tiempo a escalar, ya que la verdad, me ha gustado bastante.<br><br>Lo que a mi me tocaba era presentar un audiovisual, y la verdad es que ha sido una experiencia fantástica. Era la primera vez que lo hacía en inglés, y el nudo que tenía en el estomago era palpable. Una sala llena de gente apasionada de la montaña fue suficiente para disolver ese nudo, y disfrutar de lo lindo contándoles todas mis experiencias durante las diferentes escaladas que mostré.<br><br>El balance final, para mí fue muy bueno, buena experiencia, vivida con gente que comparte mi misma pasión, la montaña.<br><br>Ahora a seguir entrenando, y a disfrutar de la nieve, que parece que este año es abundante!!! Ver post | Ver más blog
          Volley Grand Prix Donne: si gioca nei Gironi 1 e 2 , semifinali nel 3        

Volley Grand Prix Donne: si gioca nei Gironi 1 e 2 , semifinali nel 3
LaQuotaVincente.it.

Continua il Volley Grand Prix Donne. Il programma prevede 12 sfide nei gironi 1 e 2 e le semifinali del gruppo 3.

Canada-Germania è la prima sfida. Nel Gruppo 2, le tedesche sono terze in classifica con 14 punti, dovuti a 5 vittorie ed una sconfitta, il che le rende favorite contro le canadesi, al nono posto con appena 8 punti.

Perù-Repubblica Ceca è la seconda sfida. Ancora nel Gruppo 2, la Repubblica Ceca spera in un passo falso della Germania per qualificarsi come terza. Il Perù, invece, ha 9 punti.

Corea del Sud-Colombia è la terza sfida. Sempre nel Gruppo 2, la capolista affronta l'ottava, reduce da 2 sconfitte di fila. Le asiatiche partono favorite.

Giappone-Serbia è la quarta sfida. Le nipponiche, nel Gruppo 1, sono ottave con 9 punti, la metà di quelli della Serbia, seconda ma in grado di riprendersi la vetta grazie ad un'ipotetica vittoria.

Polonia-Kazakistan è la quinta sfida. Nel Gruppo 2, scende in campo la seconda in classifica contro la penultima, che ha ottenuto solo 3 punti.

Cina-Russia è la sesta sfida. Nel Gruppo 1, la Cina cerca il sorpasso al Brasile e spera in un passo falso di Italia e Repubblica Dominicana, con un tie break che favorirebbe le cinesi in caso di vittoria. Ancora più giù, e con due sconfitte di fila, la Russia.

Italia-Repubblica Dominicana è la settima sfida. Scontro diretto che vale il terzo posto: chi vince entro quattro set vola davanti all'Olanda e al Brasile nel Gruppo 1.

Thailandia-Turchia è l'ottava sfida. Sempre nel Gruppo 1, si affrontano terzultima e penultima, rispettivamente a 5 e 4 punti e ormai fuori dai giochi per la qualificazione.

Portorico-Argentina è la nona sfida. Nel Gruppo 2, le argentine sono terzultime e hanno trovato la vittoria solo nell'ultimo turno con il 3-1 alla Croazia. Il Portorico, invece, viene da quattro successi di fila.

Croazia-Bulgaria è la decima sfida. Nel Gruppo 2, il fanalino di coda sfida la Bulgaria, a quota 11 ma con una gara in più e 3 punti in meno rispetto alla Germania.

Canada-Perù è l'undicesima sfida. Si affrontano due formazioni in campo nei due anticipi notturni

Repubblica Ceca-Germania è la dodicesima sfida. Si affrontano due formazioni in campo nei due anticipi notturni

Ungheria-Francia è la tredicesima sfida. Nel Gruppo 3, è già tempo di semifinali. Si affrontano la prima e la seconda, entrambe capaci di vincere tutte e 6 le sfide, ma le magiare hanno sempre vinto per 3-0 ad eccezione del 3-1 contro l'Australia, mentre la Francia ha vinto due volte al tie-break. Chi vince vola in finale, chi perde si giocherà il terzo posto contro una tra Australia e Venezuela.

Australia-Venezuela è la quattordicesima sfida, l'ultima di questa giornata del Volley Gran Prix Donne. Si affrontano la terza e la sesta del Gruppo 3, con il Venezuela che ha ottenuto 4 vittorie e 2 sconfitte, mentre l'Australia ha raccolto almeno 4 punti. Logico pensare alle sudamericane come favorite. Chi vince vola in finale, chi perde si giocherà il terzo posto contro una tra Ungheria e Francia.

Volley Grand Prix Donne: si gioca nei Gironi 1 e 2 , semifinali nel 3
LaQuotaVincente.it.


          Volley World Gran Prix Donne: dieci gare in programma        

Volley World Gran Prix Donne: dieci gare in programma
LaQuotaVincente.it.

Continua il Volley World Gran Prix Donne. Il programma prevede dieci sfide nei gironi 1 e 2.

Corea del Sud-Kazakistan è la prima sfida. Nel Girone 2, scende in campo la capolista, prima con 16 punti e 5 vittorie su 6, con l'unica eccezione della sconfitta per 3-2 contro la Bulgaria. Match in discesa, visto che il Kazakistan ha a malapena 3 punti per il match vinto contro la Croazia.

Italia-Turchia è la seconda sfida. Le azzurre, quinte nel girone 1, possono vincere, riprendendosi il quarto posto che vale la qualificazione. Sfida abbordabile, visto che la Turchia è penultima con appena 4 punti.

Colombia-Polonia è la terza sfida. Nel Gruppo 2, scendono in campo la seconda e la settima in classifica. Polonia sconfitta dalla Corea del Sud nel match che valeva la vetta della classifica. Dopo 3 vittorie, invece, la Colombia si è arresa alla Germania.

Serbia-Russia è la quarta sfida. Le russe, nel Gruppo 1, sono none con appena 9 punti, ma possono battere la Serbia e volare al quarto posto, Italia, Cina, Giappone e Repubblica Dominicana permettendo. La Serbia, invece, punta a riprendersi la vetta soffiatale dagli USA.

Thailandia-Repubblica Dominicana è la quinta sfida. Sempre nel Gruppo 1, si affrontano l'ottava e la decima in classifica, con le thailandesi capaci di vincere una sola partita e raccogliere appena 4 punti. A quota 9, invece, la Repubblica Dominicana.

Cina-Giappone è la sesta sfida. Chi vince può prendersi il quarto posto nel Gruppo 1: si affrontano due formazioni ad un punto di distanza, con la CIna a 10 e il Giappone a 9 come Repubblica Dominicana e Russia.

Bulgaria-Portorico è la settima sfida. Nel Girone 2, si affrontano la quinta e l'ottava in classifica, capace però di vincere le ultime tre sfide, restando comunque a quota 7. Bulgaria, invece, a quota 11.

Croazia-Argentina è l'ottava sfida. Si affrontano i due fanalini di coda del Gruppo 2, rispettivamente a 2 e 1 punto. L'Argentina non ha mai vinto, la Croazia, invece, ha battuto al tie break proprio le sudamericane per 3-2. Dopodiché, sconfitte per entrambe entro i quattro set.

Brasile-Olanda è la nona sfida. Si affrontano la terza e la quarta in classifica, con le tulipane a quota 15 pronte a tracciare un solco con le sudamericane, che cercano invece l'aggancio, evitando di essere invece superate dall'Italia o dalla Cina.

USA-Belgio è la decima sfida, l'ultima di questa giornata del Volley World Gran Prix Donne. Testacoda nel Gruppo 1: si affrontano la capolista e l'ultima. Dopo le due sconfitte di fila, compreso il 3-2 contro le azzurre, le americane hanno battuto 3-1 l'Olanda, andando momentaneamente in vetta. Solo un punto, invece, per il Belgio, maturato con la sconfitta al tie break contro la Repubblica Dominicana.

Volley World Gran Prix Donne: dieci gare in programma
LaQuotaVincente.it.


          Volley, World Gran Prix Donne: tre gare in programma        

Volley, World Gran Prix Donne: tre gare in programma
LaQuotaVincente.it.

Continua il World Grand Prix Donne di Volley. In programma ci sono tre partite.

Portorico-Bulgaria è la prima sfida. Si affrontano due formazioni inserite nel Gruppo 2, con la Bulgaria quinta a 10 punti e il Portorico a quota 5, ma capace di vincere le ultime due partite con il Canada (al tie break) e Repubblica Ceca. La Bulgaria, invece, è tornata alla vittoria dopo le ultime due sconfitte in cinque set. La Bulgaria cerca di rispondere alla Corea del Sud e alla Repubblica Ceca per conquistare il terzo posto, che vale l'accesso al gruppo finale.

Venezuela-Ungheria è la seconda sfida. Si affrontano due formazioni inserite nel Gruppo 3, con la prima che affronta la seconda. Finora, nessuno è riuscito a fermare le magiare, capaci di perdere un solo set contro l'Australia. Il Venezuela, a -1 a causa della sconfitta al tie break con la Francia, seconda, è costretta a vincere se vuole puntare al primo posto, ma la qualificazione al gruppo finale è al sicuro: 7, infatti, sono i punti di vantaggio su Camerun e Messico.

Trinidad e Tobago-Camerun è la terza sfida, l'ultima di questa giornata del World Gran Prix di Volley. Si affrontano, nuovamente nel Gruppo 3, la quarta e la settima in classifica. Il Camerun, vincendo, andrebbe a -4, se la capolista dovesse battere in tre set il Venezuela, riaprendo momentaneamente i giochi per il terzo posto. Il Trinidad e Tobago, penultimo con una sola vittoria (contro l'Australia), cerca invece l'aggancio a quota 6.

Volley, World Gran Prix Donne: tre gare in programma
LaQuotaVincente.it.


          Ð ÐÐ—ЛИКИ МЕЖДУ РУСКАТА И БЪЛГАРСКАТА КИРИЛИЦА        
Хората рядко се замислят за вида на буквите, които ползват, пишейки на кирилица. Нещата опират до избора на шрифт, размер на букви и толкова. Аз самият, дълго време се чудех какво им липсва на вградените в компютъра ми шрифтове, че да изглеждат толкова странно. Едва преди няколко години осъзнах, че всъщност кирилицата, която ползваме от личните си компютри не е традиционно българската, а руският ѝ вариант. Разбира се, разликата не е голяма за непрофесионалното око, но променя изцяло облика на текста. Първоначално смятах, че е въпрос на шрифт, но след леко проучване осъзнах, че точно заради тази разлика реклами от вестници и списания, обложки на книги и какво ли още не свързано с дизайн на кирилските букви, толкова дълго време са ми изглеждали свръх професионални и непостижими.

Руските критици казват, че българското изписване на кирилицата (или както те я наричат – българица) е опит за максимално използване на латински букви вместо кирилски, като например малките букви – m Ð²Ð¼ÐµÑÑ‚о Ñ‚ Ð¸Ð»Ð¸ u Ð²Ð¼ÐµÑÑ‚о Ð¸. Или твърдението, че този начин за изписване бил характерен за курсивното изписване, а не за стандартното и т.н. Съответно – тяхната кирилица е по-издържана естетически и по-красива, тъй като те били имали по-големи традиции в литографията.

Разбира се, тези твърдения са меко казано неиздържани. Относно курсивното изписване, можем да видим, че в латинската и гръцката азбука, курсивното изписване на буквите се различава от обикновеното единствено по изписването на няколко букви като Ð° – Ð°, f â€“ f. Докато при изписването на малки и главни букви разликите са потресаващи – Ð¢ – t; H – h Ð¸ т.н. При руската кирилица малките букви (с леки изключения) са пълно копие на големите, само че в умален вид.

След тези сравнения, смея да твърдя, че българската кирилица, е доста по-близка до литографските традиции в Западна Европа, които са доста по-големи от руските. Що се отнася до твърдението, че нашето изписване наподобявало буквите от латинската азбука – факт е, че текст написан на руска кирилица се различава по-отчетливо от латиницата (макар че това едва ли ѝ дава някакви особени естетически качества). Буквите т, п, и, к, д имат своите алтернативи в латиницата, но други като ж, в, л, г, ш, щ – нямат. Нека не забравяме и факта, че печатния руски кирилски шрифт в основата си лежи на реформата на Петър I през 1708 г., която е извършена с цел бързото създаване на печатарски машини.

Няма да се спирам по-подробно относно споровете, кой вариант на кирилицата е по-правилен, по-красив и т.н. Факт е обаче, че в интернет масово се ползва руския и малко хора в България се замислят над това. Разбира се, български шрифтове се правят и използват професионално. (http://www.hermessoft.com/). Цената им обаче е доста висока, съответно – те не са масово разпространени. Така реших да създам за лична употреба, непрофесионално, български варианти на най-често използваните шрифтове на Micrsoft – Arial и Times New Roman. Може да ги свалите безплатно от тук: 


          Ð©Ðž Е ТО БЪЛГАРСКИ ШРИФТ        
Българската азбука е едно от най-ценните неща, които имаме като нация. За нейното развитие през вековете играе важна роля изобретяването на печатницата. За жалост по това време българска държава няма и с изготвянето на печатен шрифт се заема руската държава. Това води до неглижирането на нашата азбука като българска.

След Освобождението българският шрифт започва своето възраждане. Развиват се нови шрифтове, следващи българските традиции от 14 век, изследват се графичните особености на българските букви, създават се нови тенденции в типографията на базата на българския опит, а не на руския. Така през 20-те и 30-те години на 20 век се оформят така неречените български шрифтове. Понятието български шрифт все още няма ясна дефиниция и рядко се откриват професионалисти, изследващи този проблем. Разлика между българските и руските шрифтове обаче очевидно има и тя се е развала в продължение на повече от век. Принос за това имат редица български художници – шрифтописци като Васил Захариев, Георги Атанасов, Никола Тузсузов, Александър Жендов, Борис Ангелушев и много други.

И така какво точно представляват българските шрифтове? Основните им характеристики, различаващи ги от руските, се крият в изписването на малките букви. При руската антиква е характерно малките букви да наподобяват главните, докато българската възприема малки букви близки до курсивното писане. Те са с по-ясно отчетливи една от друга и се възприемат по-лесно при четене (фиг. 1).

Голяма част от литературата, издадена по времето на социализма, е написана с руски букви и това се дължи на употребата на малък брой шрифтове, с които са разполагали издателствата поради наборното печатане.

За щастие с навлизането на дигиталните технологии този проблем отпада и днес можем спокойно да ползваме всякакви шрифтове. Добрата тенденция е, че днес все повече се употребяват българските шрифтове. Професионалните дизайнери и издатели ги предпочитат. И с основание – те са по-красиви и удобни за четене. Но дигитализирането на шрифтовете води и до много негативи – непознаването на различията в шрифтовете, техните стилове и форми води понякога до хаотичното им смесване и безпринципна употреба на български и руски шрифтове. Голямата част от потребителите дори не правят разлика между българските и руските букви. За това вина имат и безплатните шрифтове на персоналните ни компютри – те са изцяло руски, а българските или ги няма, или са платени.

Създадох този блог с цел да популяризирам българските шрифтове. Според мен трябва да се говори и пише повече по тази тема, за да се гордеем с нашата българска азбука и нейните букви.




фиг. 1
          Î’ραβείο Διεθνούς Ταινίας στην Ελίνα Ψύκου!        


Της Ιουστίνης Φραγκούλη

Το βραβείο διεθνούς κινηματογραφικής ταινίας κέρδισε στο Φεστιβάλ της Tribeca η ελληνική ταινία «Ο Γιός της Σοφίας» της σκηνοθέτιδας Ελίνας Ψύκου, όπως ανακοινώθηκε απόψε κατά την τελετή της απονομής των βραβείων.

Το 16o Φεστιβάλ Ανεξάρτητων Ταινιών της Tribeca έδωσε το βραβείo αμερικάνικης ταινίας στο φίλμ “Keep The Change” , βραβείο διεθνούς ταινίας στην ελληνική ταινία «Ο γιός της Σοφίας» της Ελίνας Ψύκου και βραβείο ντοκυμαντέρ στην ταινία «Bobbi Jene”.

Η ταινία της Ελίνας Ψύκου διακρίθηκε ανάμεσα στις 97 ταινίες μεγάλου μήκους που προβλήθηκαν κατά το 16ο του Φεστιβάλ Κινηματογράφου της Tribeca.

 â€œ Το πιο σπουδαίο είναι ότι γιορτάζουμε τους καλλιτέχνες μπροστά και πίσω από τις κάμερες που έχουν τη μοναδική ικανότητα να μοιράζονται διαφορετικές απόψεις, να εμπνέουν, να προκαλούν και να μας διασκεδάζουν, είπε η συνιδρύτρια και πρόεδρος του φεστιβάλ Jane Rosenthal. Οι βραβευμένοι καλλιτέχνες από όλο το πρόγραμμα του φεστιβάλ μοιράστηκαν ιστορίες τέτοιου είδους και είμαστε περήφανοι απόψε που τους αναγνωρίζουμε το ταλέντο. Είμαστε επίσης περήφανοι που φέτος τα βραβεία δόθηκαν σε γυναίκες σκηνοθέτριες», κατέληξε η πρόεδρος του φεστιβάλ.



«Ο Γιός της Σοφίας» της σκηνοθέτιδας Ελίνας Ψύκου, που κέρδισε το βραβείο διεθνούς ταινίας,  Ï€Î±ÏÎ¿Ï…σιάσθηκε στο διαγωνιστικό μέρος του φεστιβάλ κινηματογράφου της Tribeca κάνοντας παναμερικάνικη πρεμέρια στις 21 Απριλίου στον κινηματογράφο Regal, όπου παρελαύνουν όλες οι ανεξάρτητες παραγωγές του διεθνούς κινηματογράφου κάτω από το συντονισμό του Ρόμπερτ Ντε Νίρο, ιδρυτού του εν λόγω φεστιβάλ.



Στη Νέα Υόρκη για την προβολή της ταινίας βρέθηκε η σκηνοθέτις Ελίνα Ψύκου η οποία έδωσε το στίγμα της ταινίας της : «Πρόκειται για τη συνάντηση μιας ρωσίδας μητέρας, της Σοφίας με τον γιό της Μίσα στην Αθήνα των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων το 2004 . Εκείνη πήγε στην Αθήνα να βρεί δουλειά και παντρεύτηκε το ηλικιωμένο αφεντικό της, εκείνος ήρθε από τη Ρωσία να τη συναντήσει δύο χρόνια αργότερα αλλά δεν ήξερε για το γάμο της μητέρας του.



Ο ηλικιωμένος δάσκαλος και σύζυγος της Σοφίας κος Νίκος (Θανάσης Παπαγεωργίου) , παρότι προσπαθεί με το δασκαλίστικο τρόπο του να πλησιάσει το δεκάχρονο παιδί και να του μάθει τα ελληνικά, το αποτρέπει διαρκώς με την συμπεριφορά του. Το παιδί αντιδρά όταν αντιλαμβάνεται πω η μητέρα του ήταν παντρεμένη με ένα παππού κι εκεί αρχίζει ένα ψυχολογικό και υπαρξιακό παιχνίδι ανάμεσα στους τρείς πρωταγωνιστές της ταινίας», λέει η Ελίνα Ψύκου.



Η σκηνοθέτις επέλεξε να χρησιμοποιήσει την Αθήνα των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων για να τοποθετήσει τη Σοφία και το γιό της σε ένα περιβάλλον που έχει αναφορά στο όνομα του Μίσα, της Ολυμπιακής μασκότ της Μόσχας.Η Σοφία της ταινίας φαίνεται να έχει επηρεασθεί από το κλίμα των Αγώνων που είχαν γίνει στη Μόσχα του κομμουνισμού.



Η Ελίνα Ψύκου, με μια ρομαντική ματιά σε αυτούς τους αγώνες και στον αρκούδο Μίσα, καταγράφει τις αναμνήσεις της πρωταγωνίστριάς της Σοφίας μέσα από συμβολισμούς και τραγούδια της Ολυμπιακής Μόσχας, τα οποία ανακόπτουν τη ροή της ταινίας .



Ο πρωταγωνιστής της ταινίας Θανάσης Παπαγεωργίου ο οποίος παίζει πειστικότατα το ρόλο του συζύγου της Σοφίας, κυρίου Νίκου, μιλάει με ενθουσιασμό για την ταινία στην οποία αποτελεί το εξιλαστήριο θύμα της επίθεσης του Μίσα, γιού της Σοφίας, που δεν φαίνεται να συγχωρεί στη μητέρα του το γεγονός ότι τον εγκατέλειψε έστω και για δύο χρόνια καθώς και το γεγονός ότι εγκατέλειψε την χώρα τους.



Ο Μίσα παίζει εξαιρετικά το θυμωμένο αγόρι . Το ψυχρό, ακίνητο, σχεδόν γυάλινο βλέμμα του κυριαρχεί καθόλη τη διάρκεια της ταινίας. Ο ίδιος γρήγορα δραπετεύει και πλευρίζει μια παρέα νεαρών μεταναστών που τον μυούν σε κάθε μορφής παρανομία.





Στην ταινία περνάει όχι μόνον η ταραγμένη σχέση μάνας-γιού και γιού –πατριού αλλά ολάκερη η υποκουλτούρα των παράνομων νεαρών μεταναστών που εγκληματούν για να επιβιώσουν στην Αθήνα του υπόκοσμου είτε κλέβοντας είτε πουλώντας ερωτικές υπηρεσίες σε ηλικιωμένους ομοφυλόφιλους.



Η σκηνοθέτις μετά το τέλος της πρεμιέρας είπε ότι τοποθέτησε την ταινία στη διάρκεια των Ολυμπιακών του 2004 για να δείξει το τέλος της αθωότητας του Μίσα, ενώ στην πραγματικότητα ο μικρός πρωταγωνιστής της είχε χάσει την αθωότητά του από το δυνατό και επιθετικό μίσος προς τον πατριό του, τον κύριο Νίκο, τον οποίο αποπειράθηκε δύο φορές να δολοφονήσει.



Για την προβολή της ταινίας στο φεστιβάλ της Tribeca, στη Νέα Υόρκη ήρθε  Î· ίδια η σκηνοθέτης της ταινίας, ο παραγωγός Γιώργος Καρναβάς της Heretic και οι πρωταγωνιστές Θανάσης Παπαγεωργίου και Βάλερι Τσεπλάνοβα. Μαζί τους ακολούθησε και ο Μίσα, η μασκότ των Ολυμπιακών Αγώνων της Μόσχας το 1980 που πρωταγωνιστεί κι αυτός με τον τρόπο του στην ταινία...

Θα πρέπει να σημειωθεί ότι η ταινία «Ο Γιός της Σοφίας» ήταν μια παραγωγή της Heretic σε συμπαραγωγή με την Chouchkov Brothers και την Kinoelektron, με την υποστήριξη του Ελληνικού Κέντρου Κινηματογράφου, του Centre National du Cinema et de l'Image Animee, του Bulgarian National Film Center, του Eurimages, του Creative Europe, της ΕΡΤ και του Berlinale Residency.

Στους πρώτους ρόλους ήταν ο Βίκτορ Κόμουτ (Μίσα) , η Βάλερι Τσεπλάνοβα (Σοφία)  και ο Θανάσης Παπαγεωργίου (κύριος Νίκος) , ενώ το καστ συμπληρώνουν οι Αρτέμις Χαβάλιτς, Αρετή Σεϊνταρίδου, Υβόννη Μαλτέζου, Μαρίνα Φιλίνη, Μαρίνος Βεσλεμές και Χρήστος Στέργιογλου. Ενα από τα έξι πρότζεκτ που συμμετείχαν στο πρόγραμμα Berlinale Residency το 2013 αλλά και στο τμήμα των συμπαραγωγών του Φεστιβάλ Βερολίνου το 2014, η ταινία είναι ευρωπαϊκή συμπαραγωγή ανάμεσα στην Ελλάδα, τη Γαλλία και τη Βουλγαρία, με την υποστήριξη του Eurimages.

Η ταινία «Ο Γιός της Σοφίας» είναι η δεύτερη μεγάλου μήκους ταινία της Ελίνας Ψύκα και ακολούθησε τη μεγάλη επιτυχία της «Η αιώνια επιστροφή του Αντώνη Παρασκευά»,




          Ditemukan di Bulgaria: Reruntuhan Kota Tertua di Eropa Berusia Lebih Dari 4000 Tahun Sebelum Masehi        

Vasil Nikolov mengatakan dinding batu yang digali oleh timnya sampai saat ini diperkirakan berumur antara 4.700 dan 4.200 tahun sebelum masehi, dan beberapa kerangka manusia dikubur dengan cara yang aneh dan misterius, yaitu: dipotong menjadi dua bagian!
Beberapa orang arkeolog dari National Institute of Archaeology berhasil menemukan reruntuhan yang diperkirakan adalah sisa-sisa bangunan kota tua di Bulgaria.
Bulgaria adalah sebuah negara di semenanjung Balkan berpenduduk 7,3 juta, memiliki banyak situs zaman Neolitik, Chalcolithic dan gundukan-gundukan dari pemukiman di Zaman Perunggu serta sisa-sisa Helenistik, pusat-pusat kota Romawi dan Bizantium.
Salah satu dari puing-puing tersebut terkubur di kota Provadia, Bulgaria. Sekitar 25 mil dari pantai Laut Hitam negara itu. Diperkirakan reruntuhan itu adalah sisa-sisa bangunan kota yang dibangun sekitar 4.700 sampai 4.200 tahun Sebelum Masehi!
Apabila analisa yang dilakukan para arkeolog tersebut benar maka dapat dipastikan bahwa kota tersebut adalah kota tertua di Eropa, wow!
Profesor bidang arkeologi Vassil Nikolov memimpin penggalian. Dan dalam penggaliannya, para arkeolog menemukan dua pondasi bangunan, tembok dan beberapa gerbang.
Perkiraan awal menyebutkan bahwa bangunan tersebut berfungsi sebagai benteng pertahanan yang digunakan sebagai tempat penimbun garam kota.
Para peneliti mengungkapkan bahwa garam pada saat itu mempunyai nilai lebih tinggi dibandingkan minyak atau emas di zaman sekarang ini.
“Pada era tersebut, masyarakat yang mendiami tempat ini belum mengenal apa yang disebut pedati dan roda. Mereka secara manual mengangkut satu demi satu batu-batu besar yang disusun menjadi tembok raksasa.
Untuk melindungi kekayaan mereka, kota mereka dikelilingi oleh dinding batu setinggi tiga meter dan tebal dua meter yang peneliti percayai bahwa itu adalah benteng paling awal dan paling besar dari pra sejarah Eropa.
Untuk apa mereka membuat tembok ini? Apa yang mereka sembunyikan? Jawabannya adalah garam,” ungkap Vasil Nikolov, salah seorang peneliti seperti yang dikutip oleh Allgov (02/11/2012).

Kota prasejarah tertua di Eropa ditemukan. Kota tersebut diperkirakan dihuni oleh 350 orang pada masa lebih dari 4000 tahun lalu. (Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Institute of History)
Nikolov juga menambahkan bahwa garam mempunyai nilai komoditi yang tinggi di zaman itu. “Seperti yang banyak peneliti lain ungkapkan, garam adalah salah satu alat pertukaran dimulai dari milenium ke-6 sampai 600 tahun Sebelum Masehi,” lanjutnya.
Vasil Nikolov mengatakan, dinding batu tinggi 3 meter (10 kaki)  dan tebal 2 meter (6 ½ kaki), yang diyakini sebagai benteng awal dan paling besar dari prasejarah Eropa.
“Kami mulai pekerjaan penggalian pada tahun 2005, tetapi baru setelah musim ini arkeolog kita dapat mengumpulkan cukup bukti untuk mendukung klaim ini,” kata Nikolov pada The Associated Press.
Tim sejauh ini telah menemukan sisa-sisa pemukiman rumah bertingkat dua dengan diameter sekitar 100 meter (328 kaki) dikelilingi oleh dinding benteng.

Sisa-sisa seorang pria dan dua anak di pekuburan dari sebuah kota kuno di dekat kota Provadia, beberapa 410 km (255 mil) timur laut dari Sofia. Sebuah tim ilmuwan yang dipimpin oleh arkeolog Bulgaria Profesor Vassil Nikolov telah menemukan penyelesaian yang tanggal kembali ke 4,700-4,200 SM (AP Photo / Handout Bulgarian National Institute of Archeology / V. Nikolov)
Penggalian juga menemukan serangkaian lubang yang digunakan untuk ritual serta bagian dari gerbang. Analisis karbon telah tanggal mereka untuk usia Chalcolithic menjadi antara 4.700 dan 4.200 SM, ataulebih dari satu milenium sebelum dimulainya peradaban Yunani kuno.
“Sampel baru dari penggalian telah dikirim ke Universitas Cologne, Jerman, untuk evaluasi lebih lanjut,” kata Nikolov. Sebelumnya Nikolov telah mengatakan pemukiman dekat Provadia adalah rumah bagi sekitar 350 orang yang cenderung menghasilkan garam dari batu-garam deposit di dekatnya.
“Mereka merebus air garam dari air asin dalam teknik yang berbeda, dimasukkan ke mangkuk keramik, lalu dikeringkan dan dipadatkan menjadi mirip batu bata, yang kemudian ditukar dengan komoditas lain dengan suku-suku tetangga,” kata Nikolov, mengutip sebagai bukti kemungkinan ditemukannya perhiasan emas dan tembaga dari artefak yang telah digali di wilayah tersebut.

Sebuah mayat utuh: Para peneliti belum mengetahui dan belum ada teori tentang mengapa beberapa mayat dimutilasi sebelum penguburan sedangkan kerangka lainnya dimakamkan secara keseluruhan. (CNN)
Yang paling berharga adalah koleksi dari 3.000 keping emas yang digali 40 tahun lalu di dekat kota Laut Hitam, Varna. Hal ini diyakini sebagai harta karun emas tertua di dunia.
“Selama ribuan tahun, garam adalah salah satu komoditas yang paling berharga, garam adalah uang,” kata Nikolov, menambahkan bahwa dinding batu besar yang dimaksudkan adalah untuk menjaga garam tetap kering dan  aman.
Rumah dua lantai, serta jarum tembaga dan tembikar yang ditemukan di kuburan pada sebuah situs, ini membuktikan komunitas orang-orang kaya yang bekerja dan memproduksi garam yang sangat menguntungkan.
Nikolov mengharapkan lebih menemukan banyak bukti pada musim panas mendatang disaat timnya akan  kembali lagi ke situs tersebut dan memuji Gipson New York-based foundation, yang mendanai sebagian besar penggalian di tahun ini. “Kami tidak akan mampu untuk melanjutkan penggalian tanpa sumbangan dari pihak luar,” katanya.
Kerangka Manusia Dikubur Dengan Ritual Yang Misterius
Pemukiman dari apa yang dianggap kota tertua di Eropa ini ada sebuah misteri aneh yang belum terpecahkan. Dari situs-situs kuburan yang ditemukan, ada yang menguburkannya jenazah dengan cara memotong jenazah.

Ritual aneh: Beberapa mayat ditemukan di pekuburan kota tertua di Eropa terlihat kerangka yang terbelah dua dari pinggul ke atas yang dimakamkan di pemakaman tersebut. (CNN)
Menurut arkeolog, jenazah dipotong menjadi dua bagian atau  setengah, dan menguburkan mereka dari panggul ke atas.
Ini adalah suatu cara penguburan yang aneh dan kompleks.
Belum ada petunjuk mengapa beberapa mayat telah diiris atau dipotong setengah dan dikubur dari panggul ke atas.
Para peneliti juga menemukan bukti yang menunjukkan beberapa warga dari daerah penghasil garam adalah orang kaya.
Kota terdekat Provadia tetap menjadi pusat garam penting hingga masa kini, dengan banyak investasi asing yang ditujukan untuk penggaliannya. (dailymail.co.uk/abc.net.au/merdeka)

Penduduk kota tinggal di rumah berlantai dua dan menambang garam di daerah sekitarnya, garam adalah sumber daya penting pada zaman kuno (CNN)

Keamanan: Untuk melindungi kekayaan mereka, maka kota mereka dikelilingi oleh dinding batu setinggi tiga meter dan tebal dua meter (CNN)

Penemuan jarum berbentuk spiral dari tembaga telah memberikan petunjuk kepada arkeolog mengenai gaya rambut dari penduduk kuno kota itu (CNN)

Kerangka: ilmuwan Inggris, Jepang dan Jerman sejauh ini mengkonfirmasikan temuan tim Bulgaria, yang dilakukan selama penggalian dua bulan selama musim panas (CNN)

Terlihat kerangka sedang memegang mangkuk keramik yang digali dekat kota Bulgaria Provadia pada bulan September 2012, dalam sisa-sisa pemukiman yang di klaim menjadi kota prasejarah tertua di Eropa. Sisa-sisa runtuhan tersebut dari masa lima milenium sebelum masehi. (Bulgarian National Institute of Archaeology/AFP)
*****

          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        


Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information


The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website http://ec.europa.eu/





          ÐŸÑ€Ð¸Ñ‚ежаването на огнестрелно оръжие – приятно хоби или предпоставка за престъпление?        
По неофициални данни близо 350 хиляди българи са собственици на законно регистриран пистолет или ловна пушка. Реалният брой на притежателите на огнестрелно оръжие в страната обаче е далеч по-голям. Говори се за 80-90 хиляди души с нелегално оръжие, което е сериозна предпоставка за разпространение на престъпността. Либерален или рестриктивен е режимът за притежаване на оръжие в България?

Всеки пълнолетен гражданин на България има право да притежава огнестрелно оръжие, стига да не е следствен, да не е бил осъждан и да не се води на отчет в някой психодиспансер. Ако обаче искате да се сдобиете с лъскав „патлак”, ще трябва да представите пакет от документи в МВР, откъдето ще преценят дали да ви разрешат да си купите оръжие или не. Едно от изискванията е да сте завършили успешно курс по теория и практика на безопасната стрелба в някое от лицензираните стрелбища в страната. За целта ще трябва да се преминете определен брой учебни часове и после да се явите пред изпитна комисия на МВР. След като щателно прегледат документацията ви, за всеки случай ще ви подложат и на кратка беседа с психолог. Ако преминете успешно всички споменати процедури, получавате най-сетне разрешително си за притежание на огнестрелно оръжие. Разбира се, ще трябва веднага да регистрирате закупеното от вас оръжие в МВР, където ще му бъде направена балистична експертиза. Така че, ако решите да извършите престъпление с личния си револвер, веднага ще ви хванат по предварително взетите проби от него. Затова в повечето случаи нарушителите на закона използват оръжия, придобити от контрабанден внос или кражба от домове и военни складове. В печеливш бизнес през последните години се превърна и незаконното производство или преработката на оръжие в нелегални работилници, разпръснати в страната. „Като цяло убийствата у нас стават с нерегистрирано оръжие, така че нашият бизнес е напълно почтен и регламентиран” – каза за Радио България Мирослав Пиралков – консултант в оръжеен магазин, разположен в центъра на София. Според него действащият у нас закон за притежание на лично оръжие е добър и се прилага успешно. Мирослав си спомня как в началото на 90-те години на миналия век, когато в България се появяват първите частни оръжейни магазини, хората влизали в тях като в музей, разглеждали експонатите със страхопочитание и не вярвали, че могат да станат законни притежатели на някой лъскав Макаров, например. „Сега клиентите ни знаят, че стига да се регистрират по закона, могат да си купят желания револвер или карабина” – казва Мирослав и добавя:

„В магазина влизат от пенсионерите до хлапетиите. Интересно им е, особено на момчетата! Гледали например някой екшън по телевизията и идват тук, за да разгледат въпросния револвер, разпитват ни.... Пенсионерите, които покрай пенсията си докарват допълнителна заплата като пазачи, идват, за да си купят газово оръжие. Някои мъже купуват за жените си спрейове за самозащита. Голям интерес проявяват и ловците. У нас има 150 хиляди ловци. За да се сдобият с регламентирано оръжие, те трябва да отговарят на определени критерии и да преминат през специални курсове. Другото условие е да са непременно членове на ловно дружество. Авджиите купуват най-често ловни нарезни карабини. Различните калибри револвери също са популярни сред клиентите ни. Купуват се и много газови и пневматични оръжия, за които не са необходими разрешителни от МВР. Единственото условие е купувачите да са пълнолетни и след това да ги регистрират. Особено сега, като се запролети, продажбите на въздушните пушки вървят много добре. Използват се за забавления по вилите и за турнири по пейнтбол.”

Като цяло обаче българинът не обича огнестрелното оръжие и гледа на него като на потенциална заплаха – сочи проведено преди време социологическо проучване. Голяма част от анкетираните споделят, че не биха държали огнестрелно оръжие у дома, защото е опасно за децата им. Други пък смятат, че процедурите за разрешителни са твърде усложнени и скъпи. В сравнение с други европейски държави обаче България е на опашката по брой лични оръжия на глава на население. За разлика от Германия например, у нас нямаш право да притежаваш артилерийски системи като тежки картечници. Забранени са и всякакви видове заглушители и устройства за подтискане на шума. „В България, когато стане показно убийство, а то обикновено става с нелегално оръжие, властите веднага започват да „умуват” как да затегнат контрола. Практиката обаче показва, че както и да контролираш законната търговия с оръжия, това по никакъв начин не се отразява върху нивото на престъпността” – казва Мирослав. И все пак какво налага в мирно време човек да се сдобие с револвер?

„Ами най-вече меракът – казва Мирослав. – Има и много колекционери на оръжие. Но основно го купуват за самозащита, защото хората си казват: „По-добре да си имам в къщи, отколкото да звъня на полицията и да чакам помощ!”. Други пък живеят в отдалечени вили и са им омръзнали разбойнически набези. Някои ги купуват за спорт и развлечение. Ходят по лицензирани стрелбища или си правят клубове и пр.”

          Montreal's Festival du nouveau cinéma Reveals Its Line-Up        
Today, Montreal's Festival du nouveau cinéma (FNC), which will take place between October 12 to 23. Here's the complete line-up of feature films according to the press release we received.

Opening and closing

The 40th edition of the FNC kicks off on Wednesday, October 12, with Declaration of War by Valérie Donzelli (France) at Cinéma Impérial (Centre Sandra & Leo Kolber, Salle Lucie & André Chagnon). This critically-acclaimed second feature by Valérie Donzelli (The Queen of Hearts) tells the love story of Roméo and Juliette who are battling to save their sick child. The director and her producer Edouard Weil will be in attendance.

Ten days later, on Saturday, October 22, Monsieur Lazhar (Quebec/Canada) by Philippe Falardeau will close the Festival. Selected to represent Canada at the Oscars for Best Foreign Language Film, Monsieur Lahzar shows the efforts of an Algerian schoolteacher to help his Grade 6 students come to terms with their teacher’s death. Between the opening and closing dates, the FNC will be in celebratory mode, highlighting the social relevance of featured works.

International Selection: Louve d’Or presented by Quebecor

The International Selection is an opportunity for relative unknowns to make their mark. This year, there are 19 contenders for the Louve d’Or, which includes a $15,000 prize from Quebecor. The 19 films in competition are: Behold the Lamb, by John McIlduff (United Kingdom); Black Blood, by Miaoyan Zhang (China); Blue Bird, by Gust Van Den Berghe (France/Belgium); Elena, by Andrey Zvyagintsev (Russia); The Giants, by Bouli Lanners (France/Belgium/Luxemburg); The Island, by Kamen Kalev (Bulgaria/Sweden); The Last Christeros, by Matias Meyer (Mexico/Netherlands); Nuit #1, by Anne Émond (Quebec/Canada); OK, Enough, Goodbye, by Rania Attieh & Daniel Garcia (Lebanon/United Arab Emirates); Oslo, August 31st, by Joachim Trier (Norway); Play, by Ruban Östlund (Sweden/France/Denmark); Shame, by Steve McQueen (United Kingdom); Toll Booth, by Tolga Karacelik (Turkey); Tomboy, by Céline Sciamma (France); Twilight Portrait, by Angelina Nikonova (Russia); Volcano, by Runar Runarsson (Iceland/Denmark); Wasted Youth, by Argyris Papadimitropoulos (Greece); White White World, by Oleg Novkovic (Serbia); and Without, by Mark Jackson (United States).

Special Presentation

Twenty-five films by established filmmakers will be screened in this year’s Special Presentation section, which features strong, committed works that reflect their creators’ bold vision: 30 tableaux, by Paule Baillargeon (Quebec/Canada); Les Amants, by Nicolas Klotz & Elisabeth Perceval (France); An Organisation of Dreams – Part 2 – Dangerous People, by Ken McMullen (United Kingdom); L’Apollonide (Souvenirs de la maison close), and De la guerre, Bertrand Bonello (France); Stopped on Track, Andrea Dresen (Germany); Norwegian Wood, Tran Anh Hung (Japan); Early One Morning, Jean-Marc Moutout (France/Belgium); Décharge, Benoît Pilon (Quebec/Canada); Faust, Alexander Sokurov (Russia); Almayer’s Folly, Chantal Akerman (France/Belgium); U2-From the Sky Down, Davis Guggenheim (United States); Hanezu, Naomi Kawaze (Japan); Hard Core Logo II, Bruce McDonald (Canada); Outside Satan, Bruno Dumont (France); Il se peut que la beauté ait renforcé notre résolution – Masao Adachi, Philippe Grandieux (France); Louis Martin, journaliste, Louis Bélanger (Quebec/Canada); Melancholia, Lars Von Trier (Denmark/Sweden/France/Germany); My Paris Movie, Jonas Mekas (United States); Once Upon a Time in Anatolia, Nuri Bilge Ceylan (Turkey); The Skin I Live In, Pedro Almodóvar (Spain); Pina, Wim Wenders (Germany/France); Take This Waltz, Sarah Polley (Canada); The Turin Horse, Béla Tarr (Hungary); and A Separation, Asghar Farhadi (Iran).


International Panorama

Festivalgoers can tour the world, exploring countless new realities through a wide array of works, including comedies, documentaries, road movies and dramas. The 27 films in this year’s International Panorama section are: Abderrahmane Sissako: Une fenêtre sur le monde, by Charles Castella (France); Absolutely Tame Is a Horse (Asb Heyvan-e Najibist), by Abdolreza Kahani (Iran); Acorazado, by Alvaro Curiel de Icaza (Mexico); Avé, by Konstantin Bojanov (Bulgaria); Chico & Rita, by Javier Mariscal & Fernando Trueba (Spain); Cultures of Resistance, by Iara Lee (United States); Do Me Love, by Jacky Katu & Lou Viger (France); End of the Night, by Daisuke Miyazaki (Japan); Flying Home, by Tobias Wyss (Switzerland); Pio’s Generation (La Generación de Pio), by Juan Rodrigo & Pedro Rodrigo (Spain); Goodnight Nobody, by Jacqueline Zünd (Switzerland/Germany); The Furious Force of Rhymes, by Joshua Atesh Litle (France); Land of Oblivion, by Michale Boganim (France/Germany/Poland/Ukraine); Last Road to the Beach (A Última estrada da praia), by Fabiano De Souza (Brazil); Melting Away, by Doron Eran (Israel/Canada); Mike, by Lars Blumers (France); Mondo Lux – The Visual Worlds of Werner Schroeter, by Elfi Mikesch (Germany); Our Ancestors The Gauls, by Christian Zerbib (France); Policeman (Hashoter), by Nadav Lapid (Israel); The First Rasta, by Hélène Lee (France); Searching for Hassan, by Edouard Beau (France); The Terrorists (Poo Kor Karn Rai), by Thunska Pansittivorakul (Thailand/Germany); Three and a Half (Seh-O-Nim), by Naghi Nemati (Iran); A Life for Ballet, by Marlène Ionesco (France); The Life and Death of Celso Junior, by Panayotis Evangelidis (Greece); Vinyl (Tales from the Vienna Underground), by Andrew C. Standen-Razlrish (Austria/United Kingdom) and Y’a pire ailleurs, by Jean-Henri Meunier (France).

Focus

Turning the spotlight on homegrown talent, the Focus section presents original, unseen Quebec and Canadian works that wow, amaze and offer food for thought. This year’s lineup includes 9 films in competition for the Grand Prix Focus/Cinémathèque québécoise with a $5,000 prize, as well as 10 non-competing films. Opening the section on October 13 is the visually ambitious documentary Surviving Progress, by Mathieu Roy and Harold Crooks (Canada). Also in competition: Amy George, by Yonah Lewis & Calvin Thomas (Canada); The Girl in the White Coat, by Darrell Wasyk (Canada); Fortunate Son, by Tony Asimakopoulos (Quebec/Canada); I am a good person/I am a bad person, by Ingrid Veninger (Canada); Laurentie, by Simon Lavoie & Mathieu Denis (Quebec/Canada); Marginal Road, by Yassaman Ameri (Quebec/Canada/Portugal); Peace Park, by David Bouthillier (Quebec/Canada); and Romeo Eleven, by Ivan Grbovic (Quebec/Canada). The non-competing films are: Alejandro Jodorowsky, grand rectum de l’Université de Foulosophie, by François Gourd & Matthieu Bouchard (Quebec/Canada); Another Silence, by Santiago Amigorena (Quebec/Canada/France/Argentina); National Parks Project, by Louise Archambault, Keith Behrman, Daniel Cockburn, Hubert Davis, Sturla Gunnarsson, Zacharias Kunuk, Stéphane Lafleur, Peter Lynch, Catherine Martin, Kevin McMahon, Scott Smith, Jamie Travis and John Walker (Quebec/Canada); Le Pays des âmes, by Olivier Godin (Quebec/Canada); Planet Yoga, by Carlos Ferrand (Quebec/Canada); Dust. A Sculptor’s Journey, by Jeanne Pope (Quebec/Canada); Rasta, A Soul’s Journey, by Donisha Prendergast (Canada); République: un abécédaire populaire, by Hugo Latulippe (Quebec/Canada); Les Tickets: l’arme de la répression, by Eric “Roach” Denis (Quebec/Canada); and Touch the Sky, by Adrian Wills (Quebec/Canada).

Temps Ø

The section opens with the North American premiere of Guilty of Romance by Sion Sono (Japan), a story of ordinary mental illness in the form of a psychosexual, neofeminist punk thriller, with powerful lead actress Megumi Kagurazaka in attendance. Other big names on the program: Takahi Miike with Hara-Kiri: Death of a Samurai (a 3D remake of Kobayashi’s masterpiece); Shinya Tsukamoto, who will present the much-anticipated Kotoko, about a mother on the brink of madness, which nabbed the Orizzonti prize at the last Venice festival. Must-see new discoveries include Our Day Will Come by Romain Gavras, a Thelma and Louise for redheads and a cross between Gaspar Noé and Bertrand Blier, starring Vincent Cassel. It’s no secret that Australian film is in a state of effervescence, represented here by two major works: the mysterious Sleeping Beauty by Julia Leigh, with rising star Emily Browning, and Justin Kruzel’s monstrous Snowtown, which got a special mention at the 2011 Cannes Critics’ Week. And . . . (drum roll), don’t miss the long-awaited world premiere of Assassin’s Creed Embers, an all-new animated short by Ubisoft studios. Expect an evening of surprises, anecdotes and of course sneak previews of the new game by the Montreal mega franchise. On the US front, look for the astonishing The Ballad of Genesis and Lady Jaye, a beautiful love story told through one of the most radical artistic performances the world has ever seen. Director Marie Losier, the darling of New York’s experimental new cinema scene, will be in attendance. We’ll also be showing Take Shelter, by Jeff Nichols, which won the Critics’ Week Grand Prix at Cannes and has everybody talking, as well as the documentary Last Fast Ride: The Love, Life and Death of a Punk Goddess, by Lilly Ayers, on punk icon Marian Anderson (with narration by Henry Rollins). Asia will also be in the spotlight with Gandu, by Quashiq Mukherjee, a proud representative of an all-new style of Indian films (Wong Kar-wai meets a pornographic ghetto rapper version of Gaspard Noé in Calcutta). Also showing will be Shirome, by Koji Shiraishi, a horror film that takes delight in terrifying a group of young female Japanese pop stars, offering a new twist on The Blair Witch Project. Finally, the latest wacky flick from Thailand — Saturday Killer, by Yuthlert Sippapak, about a hit man with severe erectile dysfunction — along with the superb Tatsumi, Eric Khoo’s tribute to renowned manga artist Yoshihiro Tatsumi. And, last but not least, the first real 3D porn flick, Sex and Zen: Extreme Ecstasy, by Christopher Sun Lap Key, which smashed this year’s box office records in Hong Kong and has become a true Chinese cultural phenomenon.

          Roma International Scholarship Program (RISP), 2014-2015        

This scholarship has been extracted from the BEST SCHOLARSHIP WEB: Scholarships 2017 - 2017 =)

Roma Education Fund is inviting application for international scholarship program for pursuing bachelor, master, doctoral or postdoctoral program at a state accredited university in other than applicant’s home country. The Program is designed to provide partial support to Roma students who are citizens of one of the following countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Kosovo, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Turkey and Ukraine. REF can support under RISP scholarship scheme the same applicant throughout his/her studies for maximum 5 years.. Roma Education Fund’s Scholarship Program (REF SP) announces the opening of its yearly scholarship cycle of the Roma International Scholar

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          A Shot in the Arm for IHT Morale.        
When was the last time you can remember a NYT editorial using the work of IHT journalists? Not in a long time.

All good, and good for the brand equity for the IHT (which seems to be being diminshed by the planned wiping from the NYT Company's asset sheet of www.iht.com at a time when frankly I'd have thought they could hardly afford to do such a thing. Have they thought this one through?)

What I find interesting about this editorial are the mixed messages.

The IHT isn't referenced as being owned by the NYT; in the paper NYT and IHT journalists aren't distinguished from one another, in the newsroom it's all talk about intergration and the IHT merely being the global edition of the NYT.

Yet here we have, in terms of brand value, a clear distinction drawn between the IHT and the NYT.

Confused? You should be.

EDITORIAL
Corruption in Bulgaria and Romania
Sunday, November 16, 2008
When the European Commission decided in September 2006 to admit Bulgaria and Romania into the European Union, nobody pretended they were really ready.
The thinking was that EU membership would keep them safely out of Russia's orbit. There were also hopes that joining the European political mainstream would accelerate their efforts to rein in organized crime and corruption. The latter was a fairly astounding miscalculation.
What actually happened, as Doreen Carvajal and Stephen Castle have reported in detail in the IHT, was that the prospect of billions in EU subsidies only encouraged the criminals to diversify from smuggling and extortion and to burrow into the political and judicial systems - the better to siphon off EU money.
Today, Bulgaria is rated by Transparency International as the most corrupt nation in the 27-nation EU. The country could lose almost half a billion euros in aid that was frozen in July because of fears that it was vulnerable. Romania is also a cause of serious concern.
This state of affairs is devastating at all levels. The Bulgarian and Romanian people badly need the EU's development aid. And the shocking reports of corruption are hardening the resistance of other Europeans to further expanding the EU, thus lessening the chances of Turkey or Ukraine to ever join.
Perhaps most grievously, the spread of corruption through all levels of government and society, as in Russia and some other Balkan countries, makes it far more difficult to eradicate everywhere.
The IHT articles chronicled how those who tried to expose or combat the criminals in Bulgaria were regularly threatened, maimed or killed, and how these crimes routinely go unsolved. The result, the reporters were told, was that people have come to accept corruption as an unavoidable fact of life and have become apathetic about fighting it.
The wrong conclusion would be to close the EU door forever. The right one would be to ensure that those who pass through it are ready and get all the support they need to be full and healthy members.

http://www.iht.com/articles/2008/11/16/opinion/edbulgaria.php


LOOKING FOR A CHRISTMAS BOOK GIFT TO BUY?
"Books about cosmopolitan urbanites discovering the joys of country life are two a penny, but this one is worth a second glance. Walthew's vivid description of the moral stress induced by his job as a high-flying executive with the International Herald Tribune newspaper is worth the cover price alone…. Highly recommended." The Oxford Times

Amazon.co.uk
'I read A Place in My Country with absolute unalloyed delight. A glorious book.'
Jeremy Irons (actor)
‘Ian Walthew was a newspaper executive with a career that took him round the world, who one day did a mad thing. He saw a for-sale sign on a cottage in the Cotswolds, bought it, resigned and moved in. For the first few weeks he just lay on the grass in a daze. Then he started talking to his neighbours and digging into the rich history of this beautiful part of England. Out of his inquiries grew this affecting and inspiring memoir.What sets it apart from others of its ilk is the author’s enviable immunity to cliché and his determination to love his homeland better than he used to. His elegiac account of relearning how to be an Englishman should be required reading for anyone who claims to know or love this country.’ Financial Times
For more reviews visit ianwalthew.com

Business trip to the IHT in Paris or friends and family coming to visit you? Fed up with hotels? Bring the family (sleeps 6) to superb Montmartre apartment - weekend nights free of charge if minimum of 3 work nights booked;. Cable TV; wifi, free phone calls in France (landlines); large DVD and book library; kids toys, books, travel cot and beds; two double bedrooms; all mod cons; half an hour to Neuilly and 12 mins walk from Eurostar. T&E valid invoices.

10% Discount for NYT employees; 15% Discount for IHT Employees

          "VIP Секюрити" или как да смучем милиони от държавата без търг        

Накратко за онези читатели, които не обичат да четат нещо по-дълго от 10 реда:

КОЙ наднича зад обгрижваната от управляващите охранителна фирма “VIP Security” (ВИП Секюрити)? Само за последната половин година тя взима вече на два пъти големи държавни поръчки без търг (за над 20 млн. - “Български пощи”, “Мини Марица Изток”), рекламира само във вестниците на Пеевски и също като “Lafka” няма нищо общо с него. Мощният възход на неголямата допреди няколко години фирма се обяснява и с налети милиони, за да купи конкурентната фирма  “З ЕС СОТ” ЕАД, и със задкулисния интерес на един бивш охранител, издигнал се до върховете в политиката и властта…

През 2009 г. фирмата “ВИП Секюрити” и СИБанк на Цветелина Бориславова (тогава) направиха консорциум с равни дялове “Разпространение на винетни стикери” (РВС), който спечели търг за разпространяването на пътните винетки за 4 години срещу 4.75% от приходите (сума равна на над 30 млн. лева). Друг участник в търга обяви, че ще обжалва, защото дал по-ниска оферта, но нищо не последва. Тогава се коментираше, че има конфликт на интереси - приятелката на премиера Борисов, с която той живееше на семейни начала, печели търг за обществена поръчка. Но министърът на регионалното развитие (сегашен президент) Росен Плевнелиев казва, че “Въпросът за това кой ще продава винетки, е решен напълно според закона и правилниците на страната”.

Ивет Добромирова. Снимка: от тв екрана

Любопитен детайл е, че пиар на фирмата “ВИП Секюрити” е Ивет Добромирова (чрез своята фирма “Про пиар”), видна протестърка, активистка на Протестна мрежа. Добромирова беше пиар на служебното правителство на Марин Райков, а още по-преди е правила пиар услуги на Плевнелиев като министър и президент.

…

Охраната е сладка работа. България може да е останала без индустрия и селско стопанство, но се развива бурно бизнесът с охранителните фирми, като никъде в Европа. Сключват договори за охрана, защото най-многобройната полиция на човек от населението в ЕС не върши работа и фирми, и имущество трябва да се опазят.

Логично е на такава държава премиер да стане именно охранител, въртял три охранителни фирми и охранявал някои от големите компании в България, също и бившия генерален секретар на БКП и бившия цар.

Затова в държавата най-уредени с бюджет и закон са Националната служба за охрана (1200 души, като никъде в Европа, с право като в армията да си произвеждат офицери и др. екстри), а охранителния бизнес е добре отглеждан.

Оказва се, че

държавата дава за охрана милиони на частни фирми

Например последната най-голяма държавна компания в България е “Български пощи”, с 4500 служители. Тя има нужда от охрана и охраняван превоз на ценни пратки, сред които пари за пенсии и др. -  т. нар. инкасо. В последните години тази роля е изпълнявала частната фирма “АСО Пирели” (сега прекръстена на АСП). Но договорът на фирмата изтича към 1 април тази година. И какво се случва?

Без да е проведен търг “Български пощи” ЕАД възложи за 1 година на частната охранителна фирма “ВИП Секюрити” да превозва ценните и пощенски пратки из страната. Смята се, че договорът е за над 12 млн. лв., доколкото преди това пощите бяха обявили обществена поръчка за същата дейност, възлизаща на 50 млн. лева за 4 години. Договорът е търговска тайна и няма да излезе на бял свят. Предполага се, че в него вместо твърди суми за всички дейности, може да има заплащане на километър превоз, което е сладък начин да се надписва сметката. Която се плаща от държавата.

Държавното дружество “Български пощи” забави и накрая спря организираната от самото него процедура по Закона за обществените поръчки (ЗОП). И като се позова на клаузата за неотложност в същия закон,

избра “ВИП Секюрити”, защото настъпили форсмажорни обстоятелства

- на 1 април изтича договорът с досегашния охранител “АСО Пирели”, прекръстена неотдавна на АСП. Сякаш “Български пощи” не може да удължи с още месец договора с досегашния си охранител, за да проведе търга.
Оказва се, че е честа практика на държавни фирми да забавят търг, за да се стигне до форсмажорно избиране на кандидат, заради когото е пусната обществена поръчка. Това било добре разработена схема.

Реклама на VIP Секюрити в изданията на Пеевски.

В случая процедурата по ЗОП е обявена от “Български пощи” на 4 февруари. Крайният срок за подаване на документи за участниците изтича на 6 март. Явно е било преценено, че времето от около 20 работни дни до 1 април е било достатъчно да се избере изпълнител. Междувременно една от асоциациите на охранителните фирми подава жалба срещу конкурса в Комсията за защита на конкуренцията. Тя обаче няма ефект и търгът не е спрян от КЗК.

В конкурса освен “ВИП Секюрити” и АСП участват няколко фирми, като изискваната документация е огромна по обем. Трябва да се внесат и 500 000 лв. депозит, като 1 % от погнозната сума на 4-годишния  договор от 50 млн. лв. Друго условие е фирмата кандидат да притежава и 100 бронирани автомобила за инкасо. Това е ненормално високо изискване за естеството на работата, до момента фирмата “АСО Пирели” е извършвала работата с доста по-малко коли. А съответната фирма, която ще спечели търга с офертата си, може да наеме или купи допълнителни автомобили, ако е нужно.

Но на това условие към момента на търга отговаря само “ВИП Секюрити”. Две фирми “СОТ 161” (най-голямата охранителна фирма в България) и “Юсис” правят консорциум, за да се явят с общо над 120 бронирани коли. На 6 март сутринта консорциумът внася пакет от документи и депозит от 500 хил. лева и това сякаш е повод “Български пощи” да обявяват, че прекратяват търга. Без да е изтекъл крайния срок до края на работния ден. От “Български пощи” настояват веднага да върнат сумата на кандидатите.

Защо?

Изведнъж са се появили реални конкуренти на “ВИП Секюрити”? Изглежда това са настъпилите форсмажорни обстоятелства.

Първи за тези игри на ръководството съобщава синдикатът на пощенските работници в КНСБ. Те обявяват пред Би Ти Ви още преди търга, че им известно името на фирма, заради която се прави цялата работа и която ще спечели. Но и не съжаляват за отпадането на “АСО Пирели” (АСП), срещу която са протестирали през май 2013 г. Тогава настоящият директор Дънешки, пак без конкурс, разширавя обхвата на договора с АСП да вози не само ценните пратки, а и всички пощенски пратки. Така шофьорите, които возят колети и писма, остават на улицата, а частната охранителна фирма се разраства. Защото бронираните им коли пътуват главно в началото на всеки месец, когато разкарват пенсиите, но другите пратки се возят пет работни дни в седмицата, затова са необходими още коли и персонал.

Изданията на Пеевски “Телеграф” и Монитор” са си направили специално приложение за да рекламират охранителния бизнес.

Както и да е – като записани кандидати в търга на “Български пощи” остават “ВИП Секюрити” и АСП. Консорциумът на другите конкуренти не е допуснат, независимо че е подал документи преди изтичането на крайния срок.

Пощите възлагат на бившия шеф на “Военна полиция” ген. Иван Мечков да ги консултира кого да изберат за временен договор (временен, временен – за една година). Без да е никакъв специалист по превоз на инкасо и ценни пратки, генералът посочва шест фирми в България, които могат да извършват успешо услугата. Държавното дружество решава на 17 март да преговаря с две фирми - “ВИП Секюрити” и АСП. Обаче срокът до 1 април още е намалял, става “още по-форсмажорно” и така “Български пощи” стига до преговори и избор на “ВИП Секюрити”.

Във вестник “24 часа” на 20 март излиза дълъг упоителен материал, който доказва колко правилно пощите са избрали “ВИП Секюрити”, колко е било форсмажорно и невъзможно да изберат друг и да проведат търг (виж Ñ‚ук). Като се знае кого и как обслужва вестникът, с чии кредити е захранен, това е още едно косвено доказателство за интересите зад “ВИП секюрити”.

Извънредният договор е за една година, през която от държавното дружество обещават да организират нов търг. Не е трудно да се прогнозира, че “ВИП Секюрити” ще се очертае като фаворит в него, доколкото съществува изискване за участниците да са с натрупан опит. А например конкурентният консорциум “СОТ 161” - “Юсис” ще е в по-слаба позиция, защото е съдружие.


© 2015 e-vestnik


          ÐŸÑ€Ð¾ÐºÑƒÑ€Ð°Ñ‚урата - най-активният участник в #ignorevolen        
Едва ли някой има каквото и да е било съмнение, че поведението на лидера на АТАКА Волен Сидеров през последните няколко седмици е нещо повече от добре репетиран спектакъл, който има една единствена цел – задоволяването на медийните му нужди.

Поведението на Волен Сидеров скандализира обществото - няма съмнение. Още в първите няколко дни протестиращите проявиха мъдрост, като осъзнаха, че няма смисъл да обръщат внимание на изцепките му, защото само подхранват агресията му. Така се роди инициативата #ignorevolen.

Въпреки публичния образ на лидера на АТАКА, БСП и ДПС - готови на всичко, за да останат на власт, видяха във Волен Сидеров идеалния председател на парламентарната комисия за борба с корупцията и парламентарната етика. По-късно, в знак на осъзнаване (катарзис?), Сидеров заяви, че тъй като Етичен кодекс в парламента няма – втората част от името на комисията следва да отпадне.

В сряда лидерът на АТАКА демонстрира на коалиционните си партньори от БСП и ДПС, колко крехко е парламентарно мнозинство и че парламентът не може да заседава без него.

Явно получил каквото иска, още на следващия ден Сидеров и преторианците му се завърнаха в парламента. Бившият говорител на "Мултигруп", вече въоръжен с полицейска палка поиска от вътрешния министър Цветлин Йовчев да изчисти "хулиганите", които протестират по улиците на София. Иначе нямало да го подкрепят за вицепремиер. Сидеров не дочака действията на полицията и тръгна сам да се разправя – обеща лично да извършва граждански арести и да проверява самоличността на протестиращите (за него - платени наркомани). После нахълта в БНТ, за да търси сметка на ръководството защо не отразява шоуто му.

Няма съмнение - "Шоуто на Волен" съществува защото обслужва вторите, паралелни и задкулисни властови мрежи. Тези мрежи, заради които гражданите протестират вече втора седмица.

За съжаление, моделът на АТАКА нямаше да е възможен, ако единната и централизирана прокуратура не се беше оказала най-активният участник в  #ignorevolen. Независимите и уж подчинени само на вътрешното си убеждение и закона прокурори отказват дори поне да се заинтересоват от поведението на лидера на АТАКА. И така със своето бездействие станаха съратници на политическата му вакханалия. А поводи имаше много:

- Преди десетина дни БНТ разкри, че масовката, която се събира пред централата на АТАКА е платена – 30 лева и парче пица. Хората отиват там за да бъдат реквизит за постановката. Когато се обадихме да питаме, прокуратурата не знаеше за този случай. Казаха – нито са ни сезирали, нито сме се сезирали, нито сега като питате ще се сезираме. Държавните обвинители (ще повторим – независими и задължени да следят за върховенството на закона, или поне така повелява Конституцията) не се заинтересоваха, нито кой дава парите, нито дали има организация за създаване на безредици. Въпреки, че цяла България видя за какво става дума, прокуратурата затвори очите си.  #ignorevolen

- Преди две седмици Волен Сидеров се разходи из нощна София с възяки момчета, които подбутват и заплашват журналистите, дръзнали да му задават въпроси. Един от тях дори искаше да събори оператора на "Канал 3", отразяващ протеста пред парламента. Те не му били охрана, а били симпатизанти, депутати. И ако полицията съвсем успешно успя да изолира провокаторите на протеста, кохортата на Сидеров не попадна в радара им. #ignorevolen

- Пак преди няколко седмици Волен Сидеров притисна (физически и психически) журналист от вражеската вече телевизия СКАТ. След като беше сезирана с жалба, Софийска районна прокуратура образува дело. После го изпрати (заради имунитета на Сидеров) в по-горната инстанция. И там - нищо. #ignorevolen

- Преди няколко месеца Волен Сидеров изкърти дръжката на вратата на Минситерски съвет в опит да нахълта при служебния премиер Марин Райков. Прокуратурата не се впечатли. Отидете някоя сряда, по време на заседанието на Министерски съвет и се опитайте да влезете и ако не ви пуснат - счупете дръжката на вратата и наругайте охранителите. В по-добрия случай ще се намерите обвияням за хулиганство. В по-лошия - ще ви набият, а най-вероятно - и двете. И понеже случаят ще е медиен, всичко ще се случва много бързо и всички ще бъдат много строги. Освен ако не се казвате Волен Сидеров - тогава #ignorevolen.

- Преди две години АТАКА иницира нападение над молещите се мюсюлмани пред софийската джамия. За ролята на партията в нападението потвърдиха двама човека. Прокуратурата образува дело. Срещу неизвестен извършител. И все още е такова. #ignorevolen

- През 2007 г. един от най-близките до Сидеров - Десислав Чуколов беше записан как заплашва полцаи, дръзнали да поискат личната му карта след пиянски инцидент в Русе. Тогава Чуколов каза: "Като стана министър, ще разхвърля всички служители на полицията и спешна медицинска помощ... Куки ... Сега ще се обадя на Първанов, ще видите какво ще стане... Дай ми личната карта, ще ти ..., ченге ..."
Всеки друг би бил съден за хулиганство. Но не и човекът на Волен. #ignorevolen

- Периодично, през последните няколко години, депутати разкриваха съмнителни факти относно финансирането на АТАКА. Прокуратурата, която инак не се свени да се навлиза с бутонките в стопанския оборот, не се заинетерсова. #ignorevolen

- Единственият път, когато Сидеров се оказа обвиняем беше в периода, когато за кратко не се вписваше в модела на тогавашните управляващи. Той седна на подсъдимата скамейка по обвинения в подтикване към лъжесвидетелство и укриване на извършител на престъпление. След като прокуратурата се дезинтересова от делото му, Сидеров беше оправдан. #ignorevolen

От години Волен Сидеров произвежда омраза, а присъствието му е символ на търгашеството в политиката. Изцепките му би трябвало да бъдат в учебник по наказателно право – като пример за това какво е езикът на омразата.

Всичко това нямаше да е възможно, ако прокуратурата не беше избрала да бъде #ignorevolen.

P.S.
А за заканите на Сидеров, че ще се саморазправя с протестиращите  е добре да припомним на българските полицаи, че имунитетът на народните представители ги пази само от две неща - повдигане на обвинение и арест.
Полицаите могат да използват останалите си правомощия по Закона за МВР (белезници, отвеждане в поделение на МВР и дори краен случай - сила), ако депутатът нападне гражданин или служител на МВР или например откаже да изпълни полицейско разпореждане.

© Capital.bg http://www.capital.bg/politika_i_ikonomika/bulgaria/2013/06/27/2091687_prokuraturata_-_nai-aktivniiat_uchastnik_v_ignorevolen/
          Ramalan Dunia dari 2010 Sampai 5079        
Nabiah Baba Vanga ilustrasi Nabiah Baba Vangaakan memprediksi apa yang akan terjadi dalam 3000 tahun depan di dunia Vanga (Vangelia) Pandeva lahir pada 31 Januari 1911 dan menghabiskan hidupnya tinggal di Bulgaria sampai dia meninggal pada 11 Agustus 1996. Ia kehilangan penglihatannya ketika ia berusia 12 tahun ketika ia tersapu oleh tornado. Dia ditemukan hidup dengan pasir di
          Network Partners and Education Policymakers Convene in Israel        

By design, the work of Teach For All network partners can only be done in collaboration with many other stakeholders—most significantly, their local and national governments. Partner staff and CEOs work closely with their governments to create the conditions for their participants to be placed in schools where they’re needed most and are reaching as many children as possible in under-resourced communities. In June, network partner CEOs and representatives of ministries of education participated together in a three-day learning trip hosted by the Israeli Ministry of Education, Teach First Israel, and Teach For All.

Held in Jerusalem, the event brought CEOs and staff from 12 network partners together with education officials from eight countries to learn from each other about how to develop stronger, more productive partnerships. Eyal Ram, the Deputy Director General of the Israeli Ministry of Education and Director of Teaching Personnel, Training, and Professional Development Administration, suggested the learning trip after attending the Teach For All Global Conference in Bulgaria last year with Teach First Israel's CEO, Asaf Banner. A long-time supporter of Teach First Israel and the network, he felt there could be great value in bringing together policy makers with leaders from across the network to discuss common challenges and strategies for innovation. Both Teach For All network partners and the global organization specialists who support their efforts to collaborate with the public sector were excited by the idea of inviting government partners into their discussions and creating an opportunity for everyone to gain a deeper understanding of each other’s work.

Highlights of the event included a discussion with Israel’s Minister of Education, Naftali Bennet, and visits to local schools—one in which Teach First Israel has been placing teachers and forging relationships for many years, and another where, unlike most schools in Israel, Jewish and Arab students learn side by side. A workshop on developing innovative solutions to education system challenges proved to be a powerful collective learning experience for partners and government attendees.

“This conference was the first time that we offered an open space to the government to show our work as a network,” shared Erik Ramírez-Ruiz, CEO of Enseña por México. “It offered an opportunity to think and reflect upon collective leadership and collective action for a systemic transformation. We, at Enseña por Mexico, believe that our alumni will make sustainable and meaningful changes once they experience the lack of opportunities and the many constraints that our students face every day. It is within our spirit to transform communities in collaboration. But the conference in Jerusalem was the first time I have stepped back to listen to the big dreams from an even bigger ally: our government.”

“In Israel, we know that it is possible to bring about tremendous impact in the field when an NGO and the government work together in true partnership,” explained Eyal Ram. “It was a privilege to host such a distinguished group of educators and government officials from around the world, all of whom are dedicated to advancing educational equity and opportunity. This conference gave us the opportunity to learn from each other, share experiences, and network to explore potential future collaborations.”

Together, government officials and network partners explored building and strengthening innovative partnerships
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          Lousy Legacy: Boehner Leaves D.C. Stuck With Voucher Program         
Simon Brown
The D.C. “scholarship” fund is primarily a taxpayer bailout for struggling religious schools. The Washington Post found in 2012 that more than half of 1,584 students who received vouchers at that time used them to attend Catholic institutions. The newspaper also found that in some cases, more than 90 percent of a school’s students paid with federal vouchers.

With U.S. House Speaker John Boehner’s (R-Ohio) announcement that he will be retiring from Congress this month, various media outlets are in the process of examining his legacy. While Boehner had an impact on many aspects of U.S. policy, in at least one area he leaves behind a legacy of failure: his private school voucher program in the District of Columbia.

The D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program – known as the D.C. voucher – has been around since 2004. Boehner wasn’t speaker then, but he did play a key role in its creation. Thanks to machinations by Boehner and his allies, the plan was rammed through the House of Representatives during a late-night session when many members were away from the chamber. It couldn't get through the Senate as a stand-alone bill, so it was added to the conference report of an omnibus appropriations measure. It was later signed into law by President George W. Bush.

The original legislation funded the program until 2009, but bad bills are often hard to kill and the scheme was reauthorized in 2011 as part of a deal to prevent a government shutdown.

In a recent report on vouchers in D.C., The Washington Post noted that Boehner attended Catholic school while growing up in Ohio. He was one of 12 children in a family described as “working class,” and Boehner’s parents “scrounged to come up with Catholic school tuition,” the newspaper said.

As a result of that experience, Boehner became a champion for funding Catholic schools with public money. He knew he couldn’t get a nationwide voucher scheme through Congress (to date, all such attempts have failed), but he was able to use Congress’s power of oversight on Washington, D.C., to force a “school choice” program on its residents.  

A former Boehner staffer told The Post that the outgoing speaker is proud of what he did.

“It’s unquestionably a defining characteristic of the Boehner speakership,” said David Schnittger. “This is a topic very close to his heart.”

But what, exactly, hath Boehner wrought?

In its current form, the D.C. “school choice” scheme gives qualifying students between $8,000 and $12,000 in taxpayer dollars annually to attend a private or charter school. So far, 6,252 students have made use of the program since its inception, The Post said. The program originally had a $12 million yearly budget, but by 2012-2013, it had grown to $20 million.

The problems with Boehner’s handiwork are many - including a lack of academic improvement by voucher students.

First, Boehner seemingly had no regard for whether or not D.C. even wanted vouchers. In November 2002, an opinion poll found that 75 percent of D.C. residents did not want them, plus Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D-D.C.) opposed vouchers in 2004 and remains in opposition.

“I’m opposed to what amounts to a pet project that was imposed on the District without any consultation,” Norton told The Post. “I can understand his devotion to Catholic schools, but the point here ought to be what is in the best interest of the District’s children.”  

Second, the D.C. voucher program is also rife with abuse. A 2012 report on the program by The Post revealed that some of the schools accepting voucher students include a K-12 school operating out of a storefront, a Nation of Islam school based in a converted house, and a school built on the teachings of an obscure Bulgarian psychotherapist.

The Nation of Islam school was particularly troubling. The Post said at the time of the survey, the Muhamad University of Islam was located on the second floor of a converted house. Its 55 students were crammed into “classrooms” that were likely bedrooms at one time, and the only bathroom “had a floor blackened with dirt and a sink coated in grime. The bathtub was filled with paint cans and cleaning supplies concealed by a curtain.”  

Third, the “scholarship” fund is primarily a taxpayer bailout for struggling religious schools. The Post found in 2012 that more than half of 1,584 students who received vouchers at that time used them to attend Catholic institutions. The newspaper also found that in some cases, more than 90 percent of a school’s students paid with federal vouchers.

As scary as the realities of vouchers are in D.C., something concrete can be done to put an end to this sordid scheme. The D.C. Opportunity Scholarship Program is once again up for reauthorization. Boehner will surely use his remaining days in Congress to fight for his pet project, which may haunt D.C. long after Boehner has accepted a private-sector consulting position that pays him handsomely.

The first markup on a bill that would reauthorize D.C. vouchers is scheduled for Friday. As a result, Americans United is working hard to stop Congress from continuing to force bad policy on D.C. residents. (Click here to learn what you can do).

It’s fine for Boehner to promote Catholic education on his own time, but he has no right to force taxpayers to pay for his sectarian agenda. If D.C. residents (or anyone else) want their students to attend a religious school, they need to do so without government assistance.  

Issues: 

          School For Scandal: D.C. Voucher Program Plows Taxpayer Money Into Unaccredited Institutions, Newspaper Reports         
Simon Brown
The D.C. voucher program has become a type of bailout for Catholic schools.

When Congress created the nation’s only federally funded school voucher program, advocates said the plan would improve the education of some of the poorest urban youths.

Eight years later, it seems clear that things haven’t gone as planned.

A lengthy investigation of the Washington, D.C., voucher program by The Washington Post showed that many parents use the voucher money to send their children to schools that are unaccredited and unaccountable.

In addition, the program has become a type of bailout for Catholic schools. More than half of 1,584 students who receive vouchers use them to attend Catholic institutions.

Some of the schools examined, which include a K-12 school operating out of a storefront, a Nation of Islam school based in a converted house, and a school built on the teachings of an obscure Bulgarian psychotherapist, could not survive without federal funds, The Post said. In some cases, more than 90 percent of a school’s students pay with federal vouchers.

Congress allocated $20 million for the D.C. voucher program for this year, The Post reported, and since 2004 the federal government has set aside $133 million for the program. Students who meet the household income requirements can receive about $8,000 per year for elementary school and around $12,000 per year for high school.

And yet, the schools are not accountable to the taxpayers who are forced to fund them. No government official has say over the curriculum, academic quality or management of the schools.  

In fact, the only requirements for D.C. schools that accept voucher students are that the institutions must have a certificate of occupancy and employ teachers who are college graduates. One requirement that is glaringly absent from that list is accreditation. D.C. private schools aren’t required to be accredited in order to enroll voucher students, and The Post found that at least eight of the 52 schools that accept vouchers lack accreditation.

These findings help explain why D.C. officials, including D.C. Mayor Vincent Gray (D) and Del. Eleanor Holmes Norton (D) are opposed to the voucher program.

But don’t tell that to House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio), who led the charge for the voucher program back in 2004. Kevin Smith, a spokesman for Boehner, said parents should be left to make their own decisions about education for their children.

“Our belief is that parents — when provided appropriate information — will select the best learning environment for their children,” he told The Post.

And don’t bother Boehner with a comprehensive study of the D.C. voucher program released by the U.S. Department of Education in 2010, which found “no conclusive evidence” that students receiving vouchers showed improved math and reading test scores over their public school peers.

Americans United opposes vouchers for many reasons, and this report highlights many of them. With more than half of D.C. voucher recipients attending Catholic schools, and with no curriculum oversight from the federal government, it’s safe to say that the voucher program is more or less a taxpayer subsidy for religious activity. Given that The Post described Boehner as “a proud product of Catholic schools,” he’s probably not too worried that this is the case. 

If the intent of Boehner and other voucher advocates is truly to improve education for poor urban children, they would take an honest look at this program and shut it down. 

Issues: 

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          LATEST POINTS TO PONDER SUNDAY 3/3        

Top World News Now                 
March 3, 2013


United States
Obama Pardons 17 Felons, First in His Second Term
DHS built domestic surveillance tech into Predator drones
'Hundreds of thousands' of documents captured with Osama bin Laden, but only 17 released
Michigan governor moves to appoint emergency manager in Detroit
Pentagon Plans to Ask for Base Closures 
Thousands of Soldiers to Leave Europe
U.S. lawmakers question military aid to Egypt, citing concerns about Israel
US factory work is returning, but the industry has changed
'Anonymous' Hacker Explains Why He Fled The US
Among Most Polluted in US, NYC Area Awaits Cleanup
US Budget Cuts Force Yellowstone to Delay Opening
Obama signs sequester bill
Obama moves a step closer to approval of Keystone pipeline
Navy Building a Drone Base in Sunny Malibu


Russia
Ukrainian leader, fresh from EU talks, to meet Putin
Russian Arms Trade Czar Says "War" Declared on Weapon Supplies to Syria
Russian demonstrators rally in support of U.S. adoption ban
Moscow Police to Probe Alleged Rally Payment Scam
Moscow Mayor says no to more mosques in the city
Opposition’s ‘Social March’ Fizzles Out in Moscow
Uzbek National Shot Dead in Moscow
Putin, Obama stress cooperation, pledge to 'avoid deterioration' in relations
Russia presses for extradition of fugitive banker
Ukrainian President: Gas contract with Russia is killing us
Putin Signals Russia Can Be More Flexible on Syria
Putin says Russia should listen to French arguments on Syria, over vodka
Russians commend Putin's performance, believe he can keep election promises


China
Islands Dispute: China Warns Japan Ahead Of Legislative Session
A push for change in China as new leaders take the helm
China's reform roadmap gets clearer
China "fully prepared" for currency war
China divided on TV 'execution parade': judicial resolve or crude voyeurism
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Kills 12 in Chinese Coal Mine
Spill in China Underlines Environmental Concerns
China's fourth space launch center to be in use in two years
Xi Jinping taking on corruption in China
Premier Li Keqiang, as Hu Jintao protege, may be outgunned on policy
China calls for decreased tension on Korean Peninsula
5 Tibetans, mostly Buddhist monks, arrested for inciting self-immolations
Darkness at noon as worst dust storm in months mixes with morning smog
China's First Aircraft Carrier on Way to Permanent Base at Qingdao in North


United Kingdom‎
Cameron: UK 'can transform Africa' with G8
Cameron Vows To Stay The Course
Cameron buries hatchet with Plebgate MP Andrew Mitchell - and offers him £250,000 EU job
Government fights Europe over air pollution reduction
EU banker pay cap 'threatens thousands of British jobs'
Revealed: One in four of UK's top companies pay no tax
Banker Andrei Borodin granted asylum in Britain after fleeing Russia
UK Explorer: Green Campaigning Has Failed
UK commits £88m to Chilean telescope 'as big as all existing ones put together'
Paedophile ring leader, Colin Peters, linked to Barnes scandal
Cameron vows to defend UK banks


European Union
Hundreds of thousands march against austerity in Portugal
Italy paralysed as Grillo plots exit route from euro
Italian newcomer Grillo predicts collapse in six months
Italy President Napolitano calls for realism after vote
Greek military prepares for mass repression
1000s hold anti-austerity demo in Greece
At least 22 people hurt in Macedonia ethnic protests over new defense minister
Mass layoffs at Caterpillar in Belgium
Dark Rumblings Of A Coup D'État In Spain
Spain Delays Catalunya Banc Auction
Spain overturns Islamic face veil ban
Thousands march in Portugal to protest austerity

Germany
Germany Blasted for Role in Europe's Crisis
German states rail against 'stupid' wealth transfers
Italian president says Germany must give EU recovery a boost
Germany Debates Fracking as Energy Costs Rise
Bitter feud divides family of Germany's reunification leader
Racism in German military mirrors society
Germany discovers toxin in animal fodder
Angela Merkel Wishes Bulgaria's Borissov Quick Recovery
Merkel cabinet lowers bars to German labor market
Kerry praises Germany's 'exemplary leadership' in Europe
Italian president scraps meeting with German opposition leader over "clown" remarks

France
Hollande leads tributes to 'a great figure' and resistance fighter
As France's Mali mission grows, so does terror threat from homegrown militants inside France
France considers marijuana-based drug
France will not reach 2015 disabled access target
Paris seeks alternative to 75% tax
France-Qatar tensions rise over Mali war, Tunisia
Hollande juggles trade, human rights in Moscow
Hollande to Talk Syria Settlement With Putin
Kerry holds talks on Mali with French leadership
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Al-Qaeda leader behind Algeria gas plant hostage massacre killed in Mali
US Seeks to Confirm Report of Terror Leader's Death
Syria: Fierce Clashes in Provincial Capital Raqqa
Assad Forces Take Aleppo Village, Reopening Supply Line
Syrian President Assad Blasts British Government
Iran Says Syria’s Assad to Run for 2014 Election
How Does the U.S. Mark Unidentified Men in Pakistan and Yemen as Drone Targets?
Syrian Rebels Angry Over US Aid: ‘Only Thing We Want Is Weapons’

Insight Into Today’s News
Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
Norway Enters The Currency Wars
The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
The Last Liberal Branch of Government
US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets

Israel
Netanyahu secretly visited Jordan to discuss peace with Palestinians
Netanyahu gets two more weeks to form Israel coalition
3 Syrian Mortars Land in Southern Golan Heights
Gaza Border: Senior Officer's Vehicle Hit by Gunshots
New coalition will have to freeze construction outside settlement blocs
Tissue tests planned for Israelis in Gaza who want to cross border
Palestinian PM evacuated from West Bank after Israeli soldiers fire teargas at protesters
Sequestration: Israel Could ‘Gradually’ Lose $500 Million in US Aid
Netanyahu blasts Erdogan's 'dark and libelous' criticism of Zionism


Turkey
Scud Missile Fired in Syria Lands Near Iraqi Village
Bombs Kill at Least 22 in Iraqi Capital
Erdoğan: Islamophobia, anti-Semitism same
Turkey's Difficult Choice in Palestine, Israel
Erdogan Calls for More Support for Syrian Opposition
Kurdish leader 'outlines' Turkey peace plan
More Military Arrests in Turkey For 'Feb. 28 Process'
Turkey Provides Schools for Syrian Refugee Children
Iraq budget stalemate deepens over Kurd oil payments
Iraq continues to allow Iranian overflights to Syria


Egypt
John Kerry visits Egypt as dozens injured in violent protests
Kerry urges Egypt to take difficult economic steps; opposition figures skip meetings
Protesters Demand Armed Forces Intervention in Cairo
Ex-member: Muslim Brotherhood has secret societies in 80 nations, including U.S.
Bahrain Activist Zainab Al-Khawaja Sentenced to Jail
176 Protesters Held in Saudi Arabia
Qatar's Influence in Egypt Runs Deeper Than Its Pockets
Morsi criticized for reaction to tragedy
Parties who boycotted Morsi's national dialogue invited to send suggestions
Opposition refuse to stand in Egypt's parliamentary elections

Iran
Ahmadinejad: National dialogue only way to end Syria crisis
Ahmadinejad: West's war against Iran media doomed to failure  
Ahmadinejad to Visit Pakistan This Month to Inaugurate IP Gas Pipeline Construction
Threatening Iran Won't Help in Nuclear Talks, Envoy Says
Seized Chinese Weapons Raise Concerns on Iran
Head Of Iran's Qods Force Suggests Assad Is Vulnerable
Sanction-Hit Iran Fears Unrest as New Elections Near
Khamenei tells Zardari pipeline must advance despite US opposition
Ahmadinejad Aide’s Candidacy a Challenge to Iran’s Theocratic Status Quo
Ahmadinejad, Zardari Stress Expansion of Iran-Pakistan Ties


Venezuela
Hugo Chavez undergoing chemotherapy
VP Maduro: Capriles Seeks Destabilization in Venezuela
Venezuela decries "absurd" rumors over Chavez death
Maduro: Chavez ‘battling’ for his life
Rumours swirl as Chavez stays out of sight
Former envoy claims Venezuela's Chavez is dead
Venezuela government denies rumours about Chavez
Venezuelans hold demo in support of Chavez
Student demonstration dispersed by authorities in Venezuela
FARC: Colombia government to blame for coffee strike


Brazil
Brazil to get its first nuclear subs
Rousseff Meets Nigerian Leader for Trade Talks
Brazil's Unemployment Rises More Than Forecast in January
Prosecutors investigate spying charges against consortium building dam in Brazil
Brazil turns to Catholic Church to quash crack epidemic
Brazil Wind Developers May Be Required to Build New Power Lines
No one is safe from Argentina's drug war
Modern Slavery Rears its Ugly Head in Chile
Chilean Navy Saves 25 Stranded Whales, 20 Die
Peru says American couple found; family wants 'proof of life'


Mexico
Nieto Says Justice Will Be Done in Union Boss’s Case
Six Bodies Found in Mexico, Including Teenage Boy Earlier Arrested for Murder
Mexican Daily Hit by Third Attack This Week
Army Kills 4 Gunmen in Northern Mexico
Two Police Gunned Down in Guatemala
Fire hits big Mexico City marketplace
Pena Nieto enacts major education reform
Powerful head of Mexico teachers union is arrested
Mexico to Launch New Police Force Later This Year

Cuba Dissident’s Daughter Says Dad’s Death Was No Accident
Cuban Dissidents Hope to Build Mass Organization
A post-Castro Cuba
Chavez Congratulates Raul Castro on Re-Election
Castro Retirement News Prompts Tepid Response In Miami
Transition now seen as underway in Cuba
Cooperatives Could Save Cuban Socialism
South African medical students in Cuba may be deported
No ease for Cuba from US state sponsor of terrorism list


United Nations
U.N. Security Council asks for report on possible Mali peacekeepers
Ban Tones Down Criticism of Rwanda Over Congo Claims
UN chief says Iran should gain world confidence over its disputed atomic plan
Libya to ask U.N. to lift arms embargo
UN Removes Osama bin Laden From Sanctions List
          NEWS TO PONDER, SHARE AND WONDER        
Top World News Now                 
February 21, 2013

COURTESY SOCHA FAAL

 Heads up from AntiMullah. Separate vacations and Obambi brings Reggie Love back with  him. If you do  not know what this is, you need to visit/view AntiMullah.com more often to keep up with latest developments.

Tone and content reflects information not normally provided by Lame Stream Media's love fest with Obambi. And worldwide events that discredit his claims and motives for anti-American, pro-Moslem Brotherhood policies and actions.
 
Read and become knowledgeable and stop believing the incredible lies Obama feeds us at every opportunity. Lies his own Democrats increasingly have a problem swallowing and are intentionally leading our nation into certain fiscal and political destruction.


United States
GOP Resists Obama's Push for Tax Rise to Head Off Cuts
Obama Fleshes Out Plans for Infrastructure Projects
Obama considers urging the Supreme Court to overturn California’s ban on gay marriage
White House announces online espionage response policy
US issues final word on essential benefits under "Obamacare"
Anonymous thrown into China-US cyberwar scandal
Pentagon informs Congress of plans to furlough 800K civilian workers
In wake of Benghazi, rapid response Marine unit heading to Europe
US issues worldwide caution to its citizens of terror threats
Body found in restaurant rubble after Kansas City explosion
Why Americans Might Be Better Off If Their Burgers Were Made Of Horsemeat
Sex-Change Surgery Available Through Many US Colleges
Majority of US citizens say illegal immigrants should be deported
Hundreds of thousands march in Puerto Rico against gay rights
 
 

Russia
Putin Invites G20 Leaders to St. Petersburg Summit
Migrant workers call on Putin for amnesty
Lavrov: Time to end the war in Syria
Moscow: N. Korea sanctions can only impact nuclear program
IMF warns of higher inflation, slower GDP growth in Russia
Russia's missing billions revealed
Russia Tries To Remove Images of New Drone From the Internet
Russian Military to Develop Anti-Meteorite Defenses
Russia investigates 25 cases of Defense Ministry fraud - Prosecutor General
MP resigns after bloggers disclose his Florida property
Russia escalating attacks on free expression a year on from Pussy Riot protest
‘Ample Evidence’ Linking Ukraine Ex-President to Journalist Murder
French Specialists Resume Work at Chernobyl Disaster Site
Ukraine: Embezzlement At State Orphanages
Belarus Phases Out Russian Warplanes, Radars
 
 

China
Xi Jinping's campaign to purge Communist Party 'won't be easy'
Incumbent cabinet holds final meeting
China's central banker skips retirement bar to stay on
Manila to tackle sea row 'with or without China' at UN
Attacks originating from US rank 1st among overseas hackings in China
Photos show new activity at N Korea nuclear site
Spy agencies scrounge for details on North Korean nuclear test
North Korea: A nuclear 7-Eleven?
N Korean propaganda video shows Obama in flames
US Envoy Opposes S Korean Nuclear Armament
Rise in online fan clubs extolling China's party leaders
After China's multibillion-dollar cleanup, water still unfit to drink
Smog in Pearl River Delta 'worse than in Beijing'
Maoists Block Deal to Break Nepal's Long Political Deadlock
 
 

Cameron to pay respects to victims of Amritsar massacre
Cameron's India trip hits wobble with concern over helicopter deal
Sars-like virus death reported in UK
New coronavirus can infect human lungs as easily as cold virus
Magdalene laundries: Ireland to apologise to survivors
Iranian torture guard refused UK citizenship
Britain expands "bigger than burgers" horsemeat tests
Regulator warns Britain 'on the brink' of energy crisis
Scotland 'faces EU funding cut'
Tanker drivers in Scotland vote to strike
Belfast Orange Order warns members over flag protests
One in four Africans attacked in Ireland
 
 

Berlusconi accused of trying to buy votes days before election
After Bulgarian Protests, Prime Minister Resigns
Greek police fire tear gas on anti-austerity protesters
Greece welcomes Hollande with ‘news blackout’
Dutch experiment in legalised prostitution a disaster
Thieves in Belgium pull off most spectacular and dramatic diamond heist in years
Iceland considers dropping its currency
Lawmakers Threaten to Veto Tightened Budget
EU reinforces sanctions against DPRK
To Revive Honey Bees, Europe Proposes a Pesticide Ban
Anti-austerity strike to bring Greece to a standstill
Italy politicians make final drive for votes before poll
 
 

Berlusconi's possible comeback a nightmare for Angela Merkel
Merkel's Rainbow Problem: On Gay Rights, Chancellor Still a Conservative
German Officials Signal Berlusconi Isn't Their Man
Germany Sends Troops to Mali
German police raid firms over Ponzi scheme
Germany: Court Backs Adoption by Same-Sex Couples
Net activists slam Germany's open data portal
NSU victims' families want more than sympathy
Security staff at Hamburg airport to strike Wednesday in pay dispute
Swiss mayoral candidate 'pro-Hamas, pro-Iran'
Outgoing chairman of Switzerland's Novartis foregoes $78 million golden parachute deal
Norway is Afraid of Foreign Spies
 
 

Hollande: French soldier killed in northern Mali
Hollande confirms seven kidnapped in Cameroon
Hollande urges investment in Greece, growth in Europe
Hollande: France will miss 2013 growth target
French Kidnapped in Cameroon Were Taken Into Nigeria
France saw 58 percent rise in anti-Semitic attacks in 2012
Man arrested for serial attacks on Paris Chinese
France to unfreeze development aid to Mali
France Charges 11 In Alleged Kurdish Extortion Ring
 
 
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Syrian rebels threaten Hezbollah with 48-hour deadline
Syrian military reportedly shoots down Israel drone
US direct military support to Mali likely to continue after elections
Mortars Explode Near Assad Palace in Damascus
Missile kills more than 30 in Syria
Typhoid breaks out in rebel-held eastern Syria