Mozart schedato da Buscaroli        
Va subito detto che il titolo del libro di Piero Buscaroli, La morte di Mozart (Rizzoli, Milano 1996, pp. 373) è fuorviante. L'oggetto della trattazione di Buscaroli non è, infatti, "la morte di Mozart", bensì gli ultimi dieci anni di vita del grande compositore. L'intento dichiarato di Buscaroli è quello di demolire tutta una serie di leggende, falsità e luoghi comuni che, secondo lui, si sarebbero accumulati intorno alla figura di Mozart ad opera dei suoi biografi otto e novecenteschi: il Mozart di Buscaroli sarebbe infine quello genuino ed autentico, finalmente restituitoci dopo due secoli di menzogne.

Mi sembra che il punto di vista di Buscaroli sia politicamente determinato e che questa componente politica sia un elemento essenziale del suo metodo. Infatti, Buscaroli è un nostalgico dell'ancien régime, né più né meno. Tutto ciò che deriva dall'Illuminismo e dalla Rivoluzione francese, per Buscaroli, è pura e semplice aberrazione. Buscaroli non accetta nulla della modernità; del feudalesimo, invece, rimpiange ogni aspetto (per esempio anche l'elevata mortalità infantile, p. 261). Questo suo punto di vista radicalmente antimoderno dovrebbe, nelle intenzioni di Buscaroli, garantirgli una completa indipendenza dalle ideologie correnti nella nostra epoca e consentirgli così di vederci più chiaro di ogni altro biografo mozartiano prima di lui.

In altre parole, il libro di Buscaroli non si basa affatto su una ricerca archivistica che abbia prodotto fonti inedite e di prima mano. Si basa, invece, sulla reinterpretazione delle fonti già note, le quali, sotto l'occhio limpido e scevro di pregiudizi di Piero Buscaroli, rivelerebbero alfine quella verità che nessuno, prima di lui, aveva veduto.

Le fonti principali di Buscaroli sono infatti: l'epistolario mozartiano; la raccolta di documenti a cura di Erich Deutsch Mozart. Die Dokumente seines Lebens, Kassel 1961; e le prime biografie mozartiane di Schlichtegroll (1793), Niemetschek (1798), Nissen (1828) e Jahn (1856-59). Sono tutti materiali ben conosciuti e ampiamente utilizzati dalla critica mozartiana. Buscaroli esprime invece il massimo disprezzo per il W. A. Mozart di Hermann Abert (1921), opera considerata fondamentale da tutti ma non da Buscaroli il quale, naturalmente, è anche in costante e aspra polemica con quasi tutta la critica mozartiana novecentesca.

Vediamo allora, più nel dettaglio, qual è il bersaglio polemico della ricostruzione buscaroliana.

Mozart, che all'età di venticinque anni lasciò il servizio dell'Arcivescovo di Salisburgo per trasferirsi a Vienna, dove cercò di mantenersi con i proventi della sua attività di pianista e compositore, è oggi celebrato come il primo grande musicista dell'epoca borghese, colui il quale, per primo, tentò di conquistarsi lo status di libero artista, riscattando così la figura del musicista dal suo ruolo di dipendente delle corti. Nelle parole del sociologo Norbert Elias (1991): "Da outsider borghese al servizio della corte, Mozart combatté fino in fondo, con incredibile coraggio, una battaglia di affrancamento dai suoi padroni e committenti aristocratici. Lo fece di propria iniziativa, per amore della propria dignità di uomo e del proprio lavoro di musicista. E perse la battaglia [...]". Secondo Elias, Mozart perse la battaglia (e la vita) in quanto i tempi non erano ancora maturi per lui: la lotta di Mozart si svolse in una nazione, l'Austria del settecento, che si trovava "in una fase dello sviluppo sociale nella quale i rapporti di potere tradizionali erano praticamente ancora intatti".

Per l'ultrareazionario Buscaroli, questa moderna visione di Mozart come artista rivoluzionario è fumo negli occhi. Con grande insistenza, Buscaroli ci propone invece un Mozart meschino, pavido e conformista, caratterizzato dalla "evidente mancanza di superiori doti intellettuali e morali" (p. 342). "Mai anelò al riscatto sociale e politico della figura dell'artista, cercava un reddito fisso, ma alto" (p. 32). "Il libero mercato dell'arte gli si spalanca, e lui continua a sperare in un impiego a corte, meglio a Vienna, dove potrebbe, tutt'al più, raddoppiare lo stipendio di ora. Uomo libero è solo a parole [...]. I suoi sogni sono quelli di un impiegato" (pp. 183-4).

Tutto il libro di Buscaroli pullula di simili osservazioni, che in verità sono reiterate tanto spesso, quanto poco sono seriamente argomentate. E non potrebbe essere diversamente, dato che, come ho detto sopra, le fonti di Buscaroli sono le stesse dei critici mozartiani che lui tanto disprezza. Se, per loro, queste fonti disegnano una determinata figura e per Buscaroli la figura esattamente opposta, ciò dipenderebbe solo dal fatto che Buscaroli è intelligente e onesto, mentre gli altri autori sono stupidi e/o in malafede.

Un esempio del metodo argomentativo di Buscaroli lo si trova nella trattazione delle dimissioni di Mozart dalla corte arcivescovile di Salisburgo nel giugno 1781. In quella circostanza, com'è noto, il segretario dell'Arcivescovo, un tale conte Arco, per tutta risposta all'insistenza con cui Mozart continuava a chiedergli di accettare la sua richiesta di dimissioni, assestò al musicista un calcio nel sedere. Questo episodio, che ha suscitato l'indignazione unanime di tutta la posterità, viene raccontato da Buscaroli con le tecniche adottate dagli avvocati difensori di chi viene processato per stupro:
A) minimizzare. "Credette di dover ridurre alla ragione il musicista ribelle con la zotica seppur benintenzionata famigliarità elargita a sguatteri e inservienti".
B) Insinuare dubbi sulla veridicità del fatto. "E se fosse tutta invenzione [...]?"
C) Sostenere che la vittima, in fondo, se l'è cercata. "E il giovane genio dal corpo minuto [...] fece tutto quanto poteva per trarlo fuori dai gangheri" (tutte le citazioni sono dalla p. 53).
Il tutto al palese scopo di tessere l'apologia di un sistema sociale, nel quale era possibile che un Mozart venisse preso a calci dallo scagnozzo di un feudatario.

A ciò aggiungiamo il fatto che, della musica di Mozart, Buscaroli parla poco o nulla: al Don Giovanni sono dedicate in tutto 3 (tre) pagine, nelle quali Buscaroli si limita a dirci che Da Ponte copiò il libretto da Giovanni Bertati; e sai che novità! Questo ci dà la misura di quanto la lettura di questo libro possa risultare tediosa e irritante.

Questo, almeno, per le prime duecentosessanta pagine. E' solo quando Buscaroli inizia a parlare degli ultimi mesi di vita di Mozart, che il suo discorso comincia a farsi un minimo interessante. A proposito della genesi del Requiem, Buscaroli propone una tesi che, pur non essendo necessariamente giusta, non è né futile né banale. Secondo Buscaroli (il quale, per una volta, avverte onestamente il lettore di non aver prove di quanto afferma: p. 324), l'incompiutezza del Requiem non sarebbe dovuta alla morte improvvisa del compositore, bensì ad una sua scelta deliberata. Infatti, Mozart fu incaricato della composizione da un nobile musicista dilettante, il conte Walsegg-Stuppach, il quale intendeva appropriarsi della stessa paternità dell'opera: il conte voleva cioè far eseguire il Requiem (dalla propria orchestra di corte) figurandone lui come autore.

Secondo Buscaroli, quando Mozart si rese conto dei termini di questo incarico (che inizialmente aveva accettato per necessità di denaro), maturò un invincibile disgusto per il lavoro che gli era stato commissionato: la sua coscienza artistica e professionale si ribellò all'idea di dover comporre un'opera che non avrebbe mai potuto rivendicare come sua. Sarebbe questo, secondo Buscaroli, il vero motivo per cui il Requiem rimase incompiuto.

Una prova a sostegno della sua ricostruzione sarebbe costituita, secondo Buscaroli (il quale considera il Requiem di Mozart un'opera minore e mal riuscita), dalla stessa scarsa qualità musicale della composizione. Mozart, cioè, sapeva di dover scrivere un'opera che sarebbe andata sotto il nome di un musicista dilettante: perciò la scrisse in modo volutamente sciatto, adoperando ad esempio un "contrappunto opaco, scontato, da manuale" (p. 325), e alla fine si rifiutò senz'altro di completarla, meditandone probabilmente la distruzione.

Buscaroli, però, sembra non rendersi conto che quanto lui scrive in queste pagine finali, a proposito del Mozart autore del Requiem, contraddice in modo stridente quanto egli stesso ha sostenuto nel corso di tutti i capitoli precedenti. Se Mozart, dal 1781 fino all'estate del 1791, era quel piccolo-borghese pusillanime e opportunista che Buscaroli si è sforzato di dipingere, come si spiega questo improvviso scatto di orgoglio e di dignità a pochi mesi dalla morte?

A me sembra, invece, che in queste pagine finali gli occhiali dell'ideologia siano in qualche modo caduti dal naso di Buscaroli, il quale, alla fine, non può a fare a meno di riconoscere a Mozart quelle qualità umane che fin qui gli aveva ostinatamente e faziosamente negato.

Per finire, ho seri dubbi sulla valutazione critica che Buscaroli riserva al Requiem. Non trascurerei il fatto che quest'opera sembra attualmente la più popolare fra quelle del suo autore. Ad esempio, se si digita Mozart nella casella di ricerca di "YouTube", il Requiem è la prima opzione che viene proposta. Senza dubbio, ciò si deve in gran parte al film Amadeus. Ma in parte, secondo me, lo si deve anche alla relativa semplicità di fruizione del Requiem che Buscaroli, a suo modo, evidenzia, pur senza comprenderne le ragioni. Non dimentichiamo che Mozart, poco prima di morire, fu testimone dell'enorme successo del suo Flauto Magico, un'opera scritta per un teatro della periferia di Vienna e destinata ad un pubblico popolare.

Forse Mozart, dopo aver volutamente sfidato il gusto dell'aristocrazia, e dopo l'amara esperienza del mancato sostegno da parte del pubblico borghese, negli ultimi mesi di vita iniziò a intravedere la possibilità di rivolgersi ad un pubblico interamente nuovo, posto al di fuori delle classi dominanti del presente e dell'immediato futuro. E cominciò a orientare la sua scrittura musicale all'obiettivo di conquistare ed educare, se necessario anche calibrando il livello di complessità compositiva, questo nuovo pubblico.

(Trovate la presente recensione anche su Evulon).
                  
puisi ini aku tulis sejak kelas tiga sma dan aku bacakan saat ujian praktek membacakan puisi.hingga beranjak kuliah masih saya simpan di buku kumpulan puisi saya;

SETETES EMBUN DI DAUN

Langit anugrahkan embun kecil di daun
pagi bersamanya membawa segar
setiap nafas yang terengah
mentari menyinari beningnya dirimu
sampai terlihat lugu dengan sahaja
dihijau daun dan dibalik-baliknya

pesonamu gambarkan kesetiaan bagi penciptamu
terlihat dari patuhmu

lepaskan dahaga sebelum hilang masa
dirimu datang dalam pagi kalpun hilang dalam siang

tak berbeda dengan bintang
hanya bersinar diwaktu malam
tak pula dengan bunga
harumnya sungguh menggoda

saat hujan turun........tegarlah
saat rintiknya meluap
tetaplah........
tetaplah jadi embun kecil yang indah
          DESTINASI WISATA TERBAIK 34 PROVINSI SE INDONESIA (BAGIAN 4)        

DESTINASI WISATA TERBAIK 34 PROVINSI SE INDONESIA (BAGIAN 4)



Pulau Lengkuas, Ilustrasi Destinasi Wisata Terbaik Se Indonesia bagian 4.  Sumber: eloratour   


AIR TERJUN CURUP MAUNG, PROVINSI SUMATERA SELATAN

    Air Terjun Curup Maung, Destinasi Wisata di Sumatera Selatan.  Sumber: wisatania

Air terjun Curup Maung memiliki ketinggian sekitar 80 meter dengan lebar yang hampir sama dengan tingginya.  Air Terjun Maung atau juga disebut “Curup Maung” ini terletak di Desa Rinduhati, Kecamatan Gumay Ulu., Kabupaten Lahat, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan.   Berjarak sekitar 220 Km dari kota Palembang.

Air Terjun Curup Maung sejak ditemukan oleh warga pada awal tahun 2014, menjadi buah bibir di kalangan pecinta alam dan wisatawan, bahkan sempat menjadi trending topic dibeberapa situs destinasi wisata nasional.


CURUG SEMBILAN, PROVINSI BENGKULU


    Air Terjun Curug Sembilan, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Bengkulu.  Sumber : infopublik

Curug sembilan atau yang juga disebut dengan Air Terjun sembilan tingkat terletak di Desa Tanah Hitam Kecamatan Padang Jaya, Bengkulu Utara, Provinsi Bengkulu.   Sayangnya untuk mencapai Curug Sembilan, masih harus melintasi Hutan Lindung Boven Lais dengan kendaraan khusus. Dari desa, pengunjung harus melintasi jalan berlumpur tanah merah yang tidak mungkin bisa dilintasi oleh kendaraan biasa. Bahkan mobil sejenis jeep saja terkadang sulit melintas, apalagi kalau sehabis hujan. 

Tapi perjuangan berat mencapai lokasi akan terbayar setimpal.  Pemandangan alam dan terjunan yang bisa dinikmati di Curug Sembilan sebanding dengan perjuangan itu.  Air Terjun Curug Sembilan menyajikan satu pemandangan yang sangat menakjubkan. Air terjun yang jatuh sebanyak sembilan tingkat, mengalir deras ke bawah di sela-sela pepohonan hijau yang rindang, menyatu dengan aliran sungai di bawahnya.  Karena kondisinya masih sangat alami, maka di Curug Sembilan juga masih sering dijumpai aneka binatang liar. 


PULAU LENGKUAS, PROVINSI BANGKA BELITUNG

 
     Pulau Lengkuas, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Bangka Belitung.  Sumber: masdonie

Pulau Lengkuas adalah salah satu primadona pariwisata di Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Pulau ini merupakan satu dari ratusan pulau yang mengelilingi Pulau Belitung. Daya tarik utama di pulau ini adalah sebuah mercusuar tua yang dibangun oleh pemerintah Kolonial Belanda pada tahun 1882.

Pulau Lengkuas dapat dicapai dengan menyewa perahu nelayan dari beberapa tempat, yaitu Tanjung Kelayang, Tanjung Binga, atau Tanjung Tinggi.  Waktu tempuh berperahu dari Tanjung Kelayang ke Pulau Lengkuas memakan waktu sekira 20 menit. Sementara itu, dibutuhkan waktu sekira 30-45 menit apabila menumpang perahu dari Tanjung Binga atau Tanjung Tinggi.

Pulau Lengkuas dengan luas 1 ha ini mampu menyuguhkan panorama laut yang memikat. Anda hanya cukup menaiki mercusuar setinggi 50 meter yang menjadi ciri khas nya itu dan langsung bisa menikmati pemandangan spektakuler di Pulau Lengkuas.  Pesona yang memikat ada pada hamparan laut biru dan jernih dengan bebatuan granit yang sangat mempesona. 

Selain menikmati pemandangan pantai yang indah, di Pulau Lengkuas, biasanya pengunjung tidak akan melewatkan kesempatan menikmati pemandangan bawah laut dengan snorkeling atau diving. Di depan perairan Pulau Lengkuas, terdapat spot-spot diving yang bagus, dan terdapat pula wreck indomarine. Penjaga mercusuar juga memelihara Penyu hijau.  


DANAU KERINCI, PROVINSI JAMBI


    Danau Kerinci, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Jambi. Sumber: galeriwisata


Danau Kerinci terbentuk setelah letusan gunung Kerinci, diduga terbentuk sejak 2000 tahun yang lalu. Danau Kerinci merupakan danau terbesar kedua di Pulau Sumatera.  Danau Kerinci mempunyai kedalaman sekitar 110 meter dan terbentang seluas 4.200 hektar. danau ini menawarkan keindahan yang sangat menawan.

Danau Kerinci berada di dua kecamatan yakni kecamatan danau Kerinci dan kecamatan Keliling Danau, di gunung Raja,salah satu gunung vulkanik yang ada di jambi. 

Banyak wisatawan yang datang untuk berkemah, berenang,atau memancing di Danau Kerinci.  Selain itu wisatawan yang datang bisa mencicipi makanan khas di tengah danau, sebab banyak restoran yang menawarkan menu khas di restoran sekitar danau atau di tengah danau.  Makanan khas Jambi yang perlu Anda coba antara lain:  beras payi, dendeng beteko, jeruk pelompek, lemang, gulai ikan semah, dan tak ketinggalan adalah kopi Kerinci yang sudah cukup terkenal.


BUKIT BINTAN, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU

    Bukit Bintan, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Kepulauan Riau.  Sumber: eloratour

Bukit Bintan, atau masyarakat setempat lebih sering menyebutnya Gunung Bintan, menawarkan wisata hiking.  Dengan mendaki puncaknya, kita akan bisa menyaksikan keindahan Bulau Bintan yang sangat luas dari atas.

Dibutuhkan waktu hanya sekitar 3 jam untuk mendaki Destinasi Wisata di Kepulauan Riau ini.
Bukit Bintan, sesuai namanya, merupakan pegunungan yang terletak di Teluk Bintan dan terkenal sebagai daerah produksi buah durian terbesar.  Bagi pecinta buah durian, mampir ke Gunung Bintan merupakan tindakan sekali dayung dua tiga pula terlampaui.


SURFING DI OMBAK BONO SUNGAI KAMPAR, PROVINSI RIAU

    Sungai Kampar, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Riau.  sumber : eloratour

Sungai Kampar menawarkan sensasi wisata air yang langka di dunia, yakni surfing di ombak bono.  Ombak bono adalah gelombang sungai yang terbentuk akibat siklus pasang-surut air laut.

Kecepatan ombak bono di Sungai Kampar, bisa mencapai 40 km/jam, dengan ketinggian ombak antara 4 - 6 meter dan panjang gelombangnya mencapai 300 meter lebih, membuat peselancar dunia pun berlomba-lomba mencoba menaklukkannya.  Tapi mesti hati-hati dengan keberadaan hewan liar penghuni Sungai Kampar seperti buaya muara dan ular boa dan piton


PULAU PASUMPAHAN, PROVINSI SUMATERA BARAT

 
     Pulau Pasumpahan, Destinasi Wisata Provinsi Sumatera Barat.  Sumber: telusurindonesia


Pulau Pasumpahan adalah sebuah pulau yang berada di pantai barat Kota Padang, persisnya di perairan Kecamatan Bungus Teluk Kabung, Kota Padang.  Lokasinya di sebelah barat Pulau Setan Kecil atau 200 meter dari Pulau Sikuai. Pulau Pasumpahan berada di perairan Kecamatan Bungus, sehingga pulau ini dekat jika kita menggunakan speed boat dari Teluk Bungus.

Pulau Pasumpahan luasnya sekitar 5 hektar dan memiliki hamparan pasir putih dengan air laut yang bening. Menariknya yaitu permukaan laut pulau ini seperti terbagi tiga. Warna bening di pinggir, hijau di depannya, dan membiru pada bagian yang lebih ke tengah. Selain panorama pulau Pasumpahan yang memukau, terumbu karang dan berbagai jenis ikan karang atau ikan-ikan hias juga sangat menarik untuk dinikmati.

AIR TERJUN SIGURA-GURA, PROVINSI SUMATERA UTARA


    Air Terjun Sigura-gura, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Sumatera Utara.  Sumber: eloratour

Air Terjun Sigura-gura terletak di Kabupaten Toba Samosir, letaknya tak jauh dari Danau Toba, dan konon air terjun ini bersumber dari Danau Toba. Air Terjun Sigura-gura merupakan air terjun tertinggi di Indonesia dengan ketinggian sekitar 250 meter. Tempat ini cukup ramai dikunjungi wisatawan, baik lokal maupun macanegara.


 PULAU RUBIAH, PROVINSI NAGROE ACEH DARUSSALAM

 
    Pulau Rubiah, Destinasi Wisata Provinsi Nangroe Aceh Darussalam.  Sumber: arraziibrahim


Pulau Rubiah terletak di sebelah Pulau Weh, Sabang.  Nama Pulau konon diambil  dari nama Nyak Rubiah, salah satu keramat dari 44 keramat yang menjaga Kota Sabang. Pulau Rubiah dahulu merupakan asrama untuk jemaah haji yang akan pergi naik haji ke Mekah.

Taman Laut Rubiah memiliki luas sekitar 2.600 ha, dengan kekayaan biota laut yang cantik, seperti ikan kakak tua, atau ikan macan. Setidaknya ada 14 biota laut yang dilindungi di Indonesia terdapat di Pulau Rubiah.  Keindahan bawah laut Pulau Rubiah tidak diragukan lagi, banyak wisatawan yang datang sekedar untuk berenang atau bermain dengan ikan hias.  


Demikian 4 artikel Citra Property Land berjudul DESTINASI WISATA TERBAIK 34 PROVINSI SE INDONESIA (BAGIAN 4).  Semoga bermanfaat.





          DESTINASI WISATA TERBAIK 34 PROVINSI SE INDONESIA        

DESTINASI WISATA TERBAIK 34 PROVINSI SE INDONESIA

Ini adalah "Raja Ampat nya Sulawesi", namanya Pulau Labengki, Sulawesi Tenggara. Sumber: gocelebes


Citra Property Land  dengan artikel DESTINASI TERBAIK 34 PROVINSI SE INDONESIA ini bermaksud menghadirkan PESONA INDONESIA dari seluruh provinsi yang ada di negara kita.

DESTINASI WISATA ALAM TERBAIK DARI 34 PROVINSI DI INDONESIA

 
Kita Mulai dari ujung timur, searah terbit matahari menyinari tanah air kita tercinta INDONESIA.

TAMAN NASIONAL LORENTZ, PROVINSI PAPUA

 
     Taman Nasional Lorentz, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Papua.  sumber: zonalibur

Taman Nasional Lorentz adalah Taman Nasional seluas 22,4 juta ha, menjadikannya sebagai  taman nasional terbesar di Asia Tenggara.  Taman Nasional yang terletak di Provinsi Papua, Indonesia, ini dikukuhkan sebagai taman nasional pada tahun 1997, dan dan diakui sebagai salah satu Situs Warisan Dunia UNESCO sejak tahun 1999.  Taman Nasional Lorentz juga merupakan salah satu dari tiga kawasan di dunia yang mempunyai gletser di daerah tropis, yang membentang di puncak gunung setinggi 5.030 mdpl.  

Nama Taman Nasional Lorentz diambil dari seorang Penjelajah asal Belanda, Hendrikus Albertus Lorentz,yang melewati daerah tersebut pada tahun 1909.  Merupakan tempat tinggal bagi Suku Asmat, Suku Dani Barat, Suku Sempan, Suku Amungme, dan Suku Nduga.

Taman Nasional Lorentz memiliki setidaknya 34 tipe vegetasi, diantaranya: vegetasi hutan rawa, hutan tepi sungai, hutan sagu, hutan gambut, pantai pasir karang, hutan hujan lahan datar, hutan kerangas, padang rumput hingga lumut kerak.  Taman Nasional Lorentz memiliki 630 jenis burung, diantaranya : kasuari, kakaktua, cendrawasih, dan puyuh salju, dan 123 jenis mamalia, diantaranya: kanguru, kuskus, walabi, kucing hutan, dan babi duri moncong pendek serta moncong panjang.


KEPULAUAN RAJA AMPAT, PROVINSI PAPUA BARAT



    Kepulauan Raja Ampat, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Papua Barat.  Sumber: eloratour

Kepulauan Raja Ampat merupakan rangkaian empat gugusan pulau yang berdekatan dan berlokasi di barat bagian Kepala Burung (Vogelkoop) Pulau Papua.  Secara administrasi, gugusan ini berada di bawah Kabupaten Raja Ampat, Provinsi Papua Barat. Empat gugusan pulau yang menjadi anggotanya dinamakan menurut empat pulau terbesarnya, yaitu Pulau Waigeo, Pulau Misool, Pulau Salawati, dan Pulau Batanta.  Dari sekitar 610 pulau kecil yang berada di areanya, hanya sekitar 35 pulau saja yang dihuni oleh penduduk.

Kepulauan Raja Ampat sekarang menjadi tujuan para penyelam dari seluruh penjuru dunia, yang tertarik akan keindahan pemandangan bawah lautnya.  Keindahan alam wilayah Kabupaten Raja Ampat mampu memukau wisatawan asing maupun lokal yang datang. Terumbu karang di perairan Raja Ampat dinilai sebagai yang terlengkap di dunia, karena dari 537 jenis karang yang ada di dunia ini, 75 persennya berada di perairan ini. Selain itu, setidaknya ada 1.104 jenis ikan, 669 jenis moluska dan 537 jenis hewan karang yang terdapat di seluruh wilayah perairannya.
 

PANTAI SULAMADAHA, PROVINSI MALUKU UTARA


    Pantai Sulamadaha, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Maluku Utara.  Sumber: gambarwisata

Pantai Sulamadaha terletak di Desa Sulamadaha, berjarak sekitar 14 km dari pusat Kota Ternate, berhadapan langsung dengan Pulau Hiri.  Kota Ternate berada di bawah kaki gunung Gamalama,  di Provinsi Maluku Utara.

Pantai Sulamadaha adalah pantai eksotis yang masih alami.  Pantai Sulamadaha di juluki sebagai Pantai Kaca, sebab memiliki air laut yang sangat jernih, bening hampir seperti kaca. Karena jernih airnya, para wisatawan dapat melihat terumbu karang bawah lautnya dengan mata telanjang dari atas permukaan laut.
 

PANTAI LIANG, PROVINSI MALUKU


     Pantai Liang, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Maluku.  Sumber: amabeltravel

Pantai Liang yang juga disebut Pantai Hunimua, terletak di Desa Liang, Kecamatan Salahutu,  sekitar 40 km dari pusat kota Ambon.  Pantai Liang pernah dinobatkan sebagai pantai terindah di Indonesia oleh PBB pada tahun 1991.  Tentu hal ini bukan tanpa alasan, Pantai Liang di Ambon,  ini memang sangatlah indah.  Tempat wisata Provinsi Maluku memiliki hamparan pasir putih, dipadu dengan air laut jernih berwarna biru tosca, dan jajaran pepohonan hijau di belakangnya, yang membuat kita tak bosan menikmati keindahannya.

Pantai Liang karakter ombaknya tidak terlalu besar, sehingga cocok untuk wisata keluarga, dan permainan air.  Deretan pohon rindang yang berjajar di tepi pantai menambah indah pemandangan, dan sekaligus berfungsi sebagai peneduh di kala cuaca terik menerpa.  Di Pantai Liang terdapat tebing karang yang di bagian bawahnya berlobang menyerupai pintu, dengan posisi menjorok ke arah laut.  Ketika batu karang itu diterpa ombak lautan, akan menampilkan keindahan yang membuatnya semakin istimewa.  



TAMAN LAUT OLELE, PROVINSI GORONTALO

    Taman Laut Olele, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Gorontalo.  Sumber: tribunnews

Taman Laut Olele terletak di Desa Olele, Kecamatan Kabila Bone, Kabupaten Bone Bolango, sekitar 20 Km dari pusat kota Gorontalo.  Taman Laut Olele saat ini merupakan ikon wisata di Provinsi Gorontalo, khususnya yang berada di pesisir selatan. Untuk mencapainya dibutuhkan waktu sekitar 20 menit dari kota Gorontalo, bisa dijangkau dengan kendaraan darat maupun kendaraan laut.

Taman Laut Olele menyimpan beragam keindahan, diantaranya terdapat Goa Jin yang dihuni oleh berbagai jenis ikan hias, biota Laut, terumbu karang yang masih alami, bunga karang raksasa, serta beberapa jenis ikan langka yang hanya terdapat di perairan teluk Tomini.


TAMAN NASIONAL TAKA BONERATE, PROVINSI SULAWESI SELATAN

    Taman Nasional Taka Bonerate, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan.  Sumber: tntakabonerate

Taman Nasional Taka Bonerate adalah taman laut yang mempunyai kawasan atol seluas 220.000 hektare, dengan sebaran terumbu karang mencapai 500 km², merupakan terbesar ketiga di dunia setelah Kwajifein di Kepulauan Marshall dan Suvadiva di Kepulauan Maladewa.

Taman Nasional Taka Bonerate sejak tahun 2005 telah di calonkan ke UNESCO untuk menjadi Situs Warisan Dunia. Dalam rangkaian Hari jadi Kepulauan Selayar di lokasi ini setiap tahunnya diadakan festival yang bertajuk Sail Taka Bonerate atau sebelumnya disebut Takabonerate Island Expedition.

Taman Nasional Taka Bonerate memiliki topografi kawasan sangat unik dan menarik, di mana atol yang terdiri dari gugusan pulau-pulau gosong karang dan rataan terumbu yang luas dan tenggelam, membentuk pulau-pulau dengan jumlah yang cukup banyak. Sedangkan pada bagian permukaan rataan terumbu, banyak terdapat kolam kecil yang dalam dan dikelilingi oleh terumbu karang. Di antara pulau-pulau gosong karang, terdapat selat-selat sempit yang dalam dan terjal. Pada saat air surut terendah, terlihat dengan jelas daratan kering dan diselingi genangan air yang membentuk kolam-kolam kecil.  Itu semua membuat Taman Nasional Taka Bonerate sangat cocok untuk kegiatan menyelam, snorkeling, dan wisata bahari lainnya.


PULAU LABENGKI, PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA

    Pulau Labengki, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara.  Sumber: zonasultra

Pulau Labengki ini terletak di Propinsi Sulawesi Tenggara dan keindahanya tidak kalah dari Wakatobi dan Raja Ampat di Papua.  Panorama alam Pulau labengki mirip sekali dengan dengan Raja Ampat, sama-sama terdiri dari karang-karang besar yang menjulang diatas samudera.  Tak heran banyak yang menyebut Pulau Labengki adalah Raja Ampat nya Provinsi Sulawesi.  Gugusan pulau karang besar dan kecil ini dipetakan menjadi Pulau Labengki Besar dan Pulau Labengki Kecil.

Pulau Labengki secara administratif masuk ke dalam wilayah Kabupaten Konawe Utara, Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara.  Untuk menjangkau Pulau Labengki, dari Kota Kendari, bisa melalui jalan darat sekitar 1 jam menuju daerah Toli-Toli Kabupaten Konawe, dan dilanjutkan dengan kapal selama kurang lebih 3 jam perjalanan.

Tidak hanya keindahan diatas air saja yang dimiliki oleh pulau Labengki, keindahan bawah airnya juga sangat menawan.  Berbagai biota laut yang hidup disini dan masih terjaga kealamianya. Di pulau Labengki terdapat banyak spot penyelaman.  Keistimewaan Pulau Labengki salah satunya adalah di perairan ini merupakan habitat speciaes Kerang Kima atau kerang raksasa yang bisa mencapai besar sekitar 50cm. Pulau Labengki menjadi  tempat penelitian dan konservasi penangkaran Kima.  Dan Kima disini tercatat sebagai Kerang Kima terbesar kedua didunia.



CAGAR ALAM MOROWALI, PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGAH



     Cagar Alam Morowali, Destinasi Wisata di Provinsi Sulawesi Tengah.  Sumber: amabeltravel

Cagar Alam Morowali memiliki berbagai potensi seperti tipe ekosistem yang lengkap dari tipe hutan pantai sampai tipe hutan pegunungan. Keindahan alam kawasan ini dapat dimanfaatkan untuk tujuan pendidikan, penelitian dan pariwisata.  Wilayah cagar alam Morowali meliputi pulau-pulau yang terdapat di kawasan teluk, kawasan dataran rendah dan daerah pegunungan dengan ketinggian mencapai 2.421 meter.

Cagar Alam Morowali merupakan tempat tinggal masyarakat tradisional suku Wana yang belum mengenal kehidupan modern.  Mereka hidup dengan berburu dan melakukan perladangan berpindah.

Ekosistem yang terdapat di Cagar Alam Morowali berupa ekosistem hutan mangrove, ekosistem hutan alluvial dataran rendah, hutan pegunungan, hutan lumut.  Kawasan cagar alam Morowali merupakan habitat sejumlah hewan seperti anoa, babi rusa, kera, kuskus beruang, babi rusa, musang abu-abu, dan tarsius, serta jenis kelelawar terkecil di dunia.  terdapat berbagai jenis burung di cagar alam Morowali, diantaranya: burung maleo, elang laut paruh putih, kum-kum hijau dan kum-kum putih, burung gosong, dan burung pelatuk. 

Obyek wisata lain yang dapat dinikmati adalah obyek wisata teluk Tomori yang diusulkan sebagai taman wisata laut.   READ MORE




          #012: So gelingt es Ihnen, sich besser zu fokussieren        

Die Fähigkeit, sich zu fokussieren, ist ein Schlüssel zum Erfolg und zu einem erfolgreichen Zeitmanagement.

Hören Sie in dieser Podcast-Folgen, welche Ebenen des Fokus überhaupt berücksichtigt werden müssen und lernen Sie ein paar Tipps, wie Sie sich auf der kurzfristigen Ebene besser fokussieren können.

### So gelingt es Ihnen, sich besser zu fokussieren

Hier die drei Ebenen des Fokus, die ich im Podcast erwähne:

- Kurzfristiger Fokus: Hier geht es darum, sich auf die aktuelle Aufgabe zu konzentrieren und sich nicht unterbrechen zu lassen.

- Rahmenbedingungen: Nur wenn die Rahmenbedingungen stimmen, kann man sich über den ganzen Tag konzentrieren und fokussieren.

- Langfristiger Fokus: Der Fokus auf die übergeordneten Dinge (auf die wichtigsten Ziele oder die Vision) hilft den Tag zu strukturieren und das grössere Ganze nicht aus dem Blick zu verlieren.

Ich bin von zwei Dingen überzeugt:

1. Wir haben mehr Spielraum, als wir uns eingestehen.

2. Wir brauchen eine persönliche Firewall.

Auf der Ebene des kurzfristigen Fokus gibt es ein paar Tipps, die Ihnen hier helfen.

- Minimieren Sie Unterbrechungen wo möglich, nötig und sinnvoll.

- Tasken Sie nicht ständig multi. Reservieren Sie sich täglich Zeiten des Singletaskings. Vermeiden Sie aufgabeninternes Multitasking.

- Reservieren Sie bei Bedarf sich Termine mit sich selbst.

### Links aus dem Podcast

Ich habe nur zwei Links erwähnt:

- Webinarreihe: Erfolgsstrategien für Selbstständige und Unternehmer - http://www.blatternet.de/erfolg/

- Die Konzentrationssäge: Das passiert wirklich bei Unterbrechungen - http://www.blatternet.de/konzentrationssaege/

### Weiterempfehlen

Hat Ihnen diese Folge gefallen? Dann empfehlen Sie den Podcast doch weiter. Damit unterstützen Sie gleichzeitig mich und meine Arbeit.

Besonders hilfreich sind positive Bewertungen bei iTunes. Klicken Sie gleich weiter unten auf den iTunes-Link und schenken Sie mir ein paar Sterne. Vielen Dank!

Die Seite zu dieser Podcast-Folge: http://www.blatternet.de/012


          Transferring to Panama        
The trouble with working on a fixed term contract is that there comes a time when you have to move on.  My five-year contract in Senegal was extended to a sixth year, and then to a seventh, but seven is the maximum allowed and I am already several months into my seventh year, so when a suitable post was advertised in Panama (the same job that I do here but covering our Latin America region) I really had little choice but to apply.

I was successful, and within the next couple of months (I don't yet have a transfer date), I will be leaving my beloved West Africa.

Of course my new region will be full of delights.  New landscapes, new birds, new cultures, new music...  Many things that I should be so excited about.  & I guess that, in time, I will be excited about them.  But now all I can think about is how much I will miss Africa.  How much I love Africa.  How challenging and frustrating it can be, and how long it took me to find my place here but how happy I am now that I have found it.

Don't post comments about any of the delights of my new region or of the advantages of living in Panama, because I know all that, and at the moment it makes no difference.  That isn't to say you should be sad for me...  I am busy trying to see the last few corners of this region that remain unexplored (the Benin voodoo festival, and next month the Bissau carnival), to make the most of the little time that remains and to celebrate and be thankful for the wonderful years I have spent here.  I have been very lucky to have the opportunity to explore a region of the world that so few people know.
          Ouidah voodoo festival        
Every year on 10 January, Benin celebrates its national religion with a festival in the coastal town of Ouidah (a place also known for its slave-trading history).  I've never managed to schedule a work-related trip to Benin in January, so I bit the bullet this year and bought my own flights so as to visit this festival.

I've long wanted to experience a real voodoo ceremony, having read about the way people can supposedly become 'possessed' by spirits, but this is really a matter of luck, being in the right place at the right time.  A colleague has an aunt who carries out similar ceremonies here in Senegal, and I've pushed for an invitation, but the aunt says it would be too dangerous for me - that evil spirits might come up through the ground and enter my body, which would be a terrifying experience for me and could leave me permanently damaged - and so she will not allow me to attend one of her ceremonies.  Needless to say, I don't believe in evil spirits, so have no fear of any such ceremony going wrong in that way, but this isn't really an argument you can use here.

So the voodoo festival in Ouidah would have to do as second best.  & I feel I should be careful here in any case not to give the wrong impression of voodoo - the Hollywood impression of a set of dark and perhaps evil practices - as the religion is not based around trances and animal sacrifices, those play only a small part related to major problems or events in people's lives.  The day-to-day practice of voodoo is far more mundane.

I found no information about this festival on the internet other than the date, and even on a trip to Benin in December no-one could give me any information, so I turned up not really knowing what to expect - even whether I would find the festival!  I arrived in Ouidah late the evening before, found myself a hotel room, and asked the hotel manager what was going to happen.  There will be a big procession to the beach, he told me, and after the official ceremony, there would be "voodoo here, voodoo there, voodoo everywhere!", waving his hands about excitedly.  Voodoo is indeed everywhere in Ouidah (and in much of Benin and parts of neighbouring Togo), as it is the national religion.  You see little shrines next to houses, often sticky with the residue of earlier sacrifices (usually of beer or grain porridges, rather than animals), and various buildings with voodoo symbols painted on them (a rainbow, or a snake, for example).  But I didn't fly all this way, for a two-day visit, to see a fetish or a painted building.

On the day of the festival I followed my hunch - a sound of singing and clapping which I traced to its origin in the local chief's house.  In return for a $10 payment for a 'photo permit' I was allowed in, and watched the chief and his entourage prepare, then we left in a big chaotic procession towards the python temple, with all the chief's family and guests dressed in their ceremonial finery. 
Ouidah apparently means, in the local language, 'town of pythons' and the python is the most important local deity, so sacrifices had to be made there before the festival could start.  Two goats and two chickens were the victims, presumably fed to the pythons later.

Then we made our way the 4km to the beach (the chiefs in their 4x4s, me on the back of a motorbike taxi) for the festival.  This was a strange event, formal in some ways (the US Ambassador was there, and Benin TV were broadcasting it live), but as well as the speeches and displays of drumming and dancing from the main stage of the big square, there were more animal sacrifices performed away from the stage, and various private dances with frenetic drumming in corners (including those in the first photo above) - mostly far more interesting, and with a far more authentic feel, than that put on for the Ambassador and the TV.

Walking back into town after the formalities were over I passed another troupe of dancers heading towards the beach area - looking at the photos afterwards I had to ask myself why I hadn't followed them.  Bare breasts, grass skirts, ointment smeared over their bodies and the prospect of some wild dancing - I have to admit that as much as I want Africa to develop (clean water and education for all, but also further into the 21st century), it is this traditional, even 'primitive' side of the continent that really draws me in.

Revisiting this post to add a further comment, as my lack of articulacy in the last paragraph was bothering me.  What I was trying to reflect was the conflict I so often face between the sensational and the mundane, in terms of representing Africa in my blog.  Of course I am more attracted by exploring (and writing about) the sensational side, but at the same time I don't want to give the wrong impression of the continent.  Bare-breasted women in grass skirts dancing around blood-smeared fetishes to the beat of frenetic drumming is something I want to see and write about, and is a valid image of a part of Africa, but it no more represents the wider African continent (nor even the voodoo religion) than a burnt-out car on a Belfast street represents the wider UK.  & I thought it was important to come back and make this clear, because so much of what one reads about Africa relies on stereotypical images of the place as primitive, poor, corrupt, disease-ridden, etc - and whilst those images do represent a part of the truth, it is only a small part, and I don't want to contribute to an overall negative view of this continent that I love so much.


          Mission (just about) accomplished        
I was tired when I got home from Cambodia (via Istanbul), and the last thing I really wanted to hear was that my staff were having problems in Niger and I needed to join them as soon as possible in order to rescue the mission.

It turned out that none of the planning had been done as one team member had been confined to bed with a painful attack of gout.  The other team member had arrived in Niger late after her flight was delayed by ten hours, and also stressed from her experience on the flight.  Stopped at Bamako for some passengers to leave and others to join the flight, she suddenly realised her laptop was missing.  In her distress she managed to persuade the crew to let her briefly disembark to chase after the departing passengers, and finding them still in the terminal she announced that her laptop was missing and she wanted everyone to open their bags.  A man who'd been sitting near her (and trying unsuccessfully to chat her up for much of the flight) came forward and handed it over.  He'd thought it belonged to another woman who'd got off the flight, blah, blah, blah...

Perhaps her immune system was down after the stresses of her journey, as she then fell sick with malaria and spent the next five days in bed.

So they needed me to join them much earlier than intended so as to take on some of the work.  I ran around changing my flight, getting an additional few days' visa, etc (all made more difficult by the fact that all of my admin and logistics colleagues were away on a training course), and flew out to join them on the Saturday evening.  Due to full hotels we were all staying in different places, so they had agreed to bring a big pile of files to me on the Sunday as preparatory reading for my intended two days out in the field visiting projects, but the taxi drivers were all on strike so I had to sit there twiddling my thumbs until an office driver got to me on the Monday morning.  Laden down with the files we drove the 160km to the Dosso field office, and after the day's work I spent the evening, until midnight, on my reading.  There was little else to do in any case as the hotel restaurant was closed and with no street lighting and no torch I was restricted to a beer from the hotel bar for my dinner.

The next morning I was therefore quite hungry and could hardly believe it when told that the restaurant was still closed, with the chef not expected in for another couple of hours.  So I wandered out into the street, searching for somewhere selling food.  As Dosso is a kind of crossroads for travellers (mostly truckers) going from Niger to Benin or Nigeria, I quickly found somewhere.  No menu, just a chunk of baguette served with hot white beans, a dollop of mayonnaise and a glug of oil, but it was nicer than it sounds and a bargain at only 40¢.

Once in the office, I gave them the list of projects I wanted to visit so that they could make the necessary arrangements.  They came back looking concerned.  There had been a kidnapping of six NGO staff on the Sunday night, so apparently meetings had been held the previous day between security officers of the NGOS and the UN agencies, and the decision had been made to stop all field visits.  I was also told that there was to be no movement between the country office and the field offices, so I had to stay put.  With two policemen guarding my room that night!

I have to say that I felt it was all a huge overreaction; the kidnap had taken place 650km away, and as the kidnappers now had six hostages to deal with I thought it unlikely that they would be on the hunt for more.  Besides, this wasn't the first kidnapping of NGO staff in Niger over the past few years.  But I am not an expert on security matters, and obviously had to do what I was told in the circumstances.

Overreaction or not, it meant I couldn't carry out the work that was my reason for going to Dosso, so the next day they agreed to transport me back to Niamey.

Thankfully the other half of our planned project vists had been done a couple of days earlier so we were still able to draw some conclusions from our trip and produce a final report.

Time to go home, and although our homes are in different places the first leg of the journey, Niamey - Ouagadougou, was the same for all three so we travelled together to the airport early on the Wednesday morning.  This trip hadn't done with us yet though, as we found that the aeroplane had not arrived the previous evening, and with no other flights departing Niamey that day we could not be re-routed.  So we were sent back to the hotel to wait.  A chance to phone my Mum, to take a dip in the pool, it wasn't all bad, but at the same time I really had been away for long enough and was keen to get home.  Friday was a public holiday so I had a long weekend to look forward to.

Eventually, late afternoon, we got the call to go back to the airport; the plane had finally arrived.  At check-in I was asked whether I wanted to collect my luggage in Ouagadougou or check it through to Dakar.  I pointed out that as I had missed the midday connection with the Dakar flight it was a bit difficult to answer without more information on the rearranged connection.  At this they looked a little confused - it turned out they hadn't thought about that so I hadn't been booked on to any new connecting flight.

After more than an hour waiting for information, I was told that unfortunately the next flight from Ouaga to Dakar was not until Friday lunchtime and so I would have to spend two nights in transit in Ouagadougou.  I was not pleased but of course there was nothing I could do.  In fact I was nearly removed from the Friday flight as I refused point blank to pay $50 for a transit visa, arguing that it was the airline's fault and so they would have to pay.  Fine in theory but all the airline's staff were off enjoying the public holiday...  But I made the flight and finally collapsed into bed at home on Friday night.

Getting things done in Africa is rarely easy but this trip had managed to really pack in the challenges.
          Whirling Dervishes        
On both the way to and from my holiday in Central Asia I had a day and a half in transit in Istanbul. This was a great opportunity to finally see the whirling dervishes in action, and I booked myself an online ticket to a Mevlevi Sema ceremony at the Hodja Paşa Cultural Centre, a 550-year-old converted hammam.

To the Mevlevi order, everything in the universe revolves - from electrons round an atom, to the blood in our bodies, to the planets around the sun.  The whirling of the dervishes - which they refer to as revolving - reflects this and is a way of casting off bad habits and becoming one with God.

The dervishes enter wearing long, black cloaks, and beige felt hats which resemble a foot-high fez; these hats represents tombstones for the ego, which is shed (or dies temporarily) during the ceremony.  After many bows, and the removal of their cloaks, they slowly start to revolve.  Initially their arms are crossed with the their hands on their shoulders, but as they begin to revolve, their arms gradually loosen and open, ultmately held up in the air as they turn.  This revolving, at 1-2 revolutions per second, goes on for some forty minutes in total, although with some brief pauses as the ceremony has a number of stages.  Any ordinary mortals would be dizzy to the point of nausea but these guys are apparently experiencing an "intoxication of the soul", and so suffer no such worldly discomforts.

To my surprise there is no joy shown on the dervishes' faces, which remain expressionless throughout.

Although performed for tourists in this location (in fact the Mevlevi order is still outlawed in Turkey and licenced to 'perform' only for tourists), it is still really a devotional ceremony, and so we were told not only not to take photos but not to applaud either.  I found it quite moving but then I have always enjoyed the mystical side of religion, from the incense of the Ethiopian and Greek orthodox churches to the trance music of the Moroccan Gnaoua.  In fact the two things I most want to experience during my remaining time in West Africa are a Lebu exorcism (Senegal) and a voodoo ceremony (Benin).  Both are unlikely, unfortunately.

But in Istanbul on my second transit coming back from my holiday I found another venue with a Mevlani Sema ceremony, not in such an atmospheric venue but one where photos were allowed.

          Time out in Grand Popo        
I have been too busy for some time to post anything to the blog, but having planned to draft something on last week's trip to the UK I found the following, drafted last December but for some reason never posted (with apologies if a photo is inserted in a random place - blogger tells me I've added it but it doesn't show up in the draft):

After a period of pretty hard work I took a long weekend to rest at the village of Grand Popo in Benin. Formerly a grand colonial town, apparently, the majority of the ‘grand’ stuff has long since been swallowed up by the sea, with not even the spire of the old church now visible above the crashing waves. What is left now is a typical African fishing village squashed between the sea and a web of mangrove creeks, but leading to it a 4km-long road lined with little guest-houses, bars, art galleries and the like.

I followed a recommendation to stay at the grandest of the guest houses, in some restored old buildings next to the sea, although by the final day I was taking my meals in the cheaper places down the road. I slept a lot, walked a bit, took a drumming lesson, and also a couple of excursions around the locality (a pirogue trip among the mangroves and a walk around a village full of voodoo fetishes).

On the latter I was taken into a house to be shown two turtles in a sadly small tank, but also two old rice sacks now full of sand and, apparently, turtle eggs which had been rescued before poachers could steal them to eat. However when I took a closer look at the sand, I saw that there was a baby turtle on top and several parts of other baby turtles emerging from the sand! The guide asked if I minded helping, and basically set me to work digging out all the turtles while he went off to fill some big basins with sea water. It took a long time but by the end we had several basins containing some 120-odd baby turtles swimming about in the water (besides ten or so that had not survived.

Apparently they would be released into the sea that evening. I’m not sure if this is the best way to conserve turtles (isn’t the process of digging their way out of the sand an important part of their development? & a way of their ‘learning’ where they come from so that the females will know where to come back when they need to lay eggs of their own?) but at least the will is there.

I also ended up in a fascinating conversation with one of the hotel waiters. He was a part-time musician (I had already bought a CD of his!) and very knowledgeable on the history of African rhythms.

I learnt that (according to him at least) salsa originates from Benin – from the slaves of the Beninois Agossa family taken to Cuba. There the women beat out the rhythm on metal gongs to help their men to get through the work in the sugar plantations. The word salsa is apparently a corruption of Agossa.

The metal gong in the story is a commonly used instrument in West African traditional ceremonies, although only in Benin is it a part of regular music. He told me it originated in Benin a long time ago, when a group of women needed a way to stop their king from carrying out a public execution. They commissioned a blacksmith to make a metal gong in shape of a breast, so that they could present it to the king as a symbol of the strength of their feelings against the execution. How could he who was suckled at his mother’s breast, put to death another man, also suckled at his mother’s breast? So they each had a gong made in the shape of one of their breasts, beat the gongs loudly to get the attention of the king and presented them to him with their pleas. The man was saved and the gong became a regular part of ceremonial life.

Unfortunately, with the tendency to go bra-less and have lots of children, I can confirm that many African women do indeed have breasts the shape of the gong.
          Resep Membuat Sablon, Lengkap Beserta Cara dan Bahan        
Hari ini kami akan memberikan cara membuat sablon dengan rinci, di artikel sebelumnya dengan judul yang sama , saya sudah membuatnya hanya yang ini lebih rinci , sebelumnya itu hanya sederhana saja , artikel sebelumnya : "Tehnik Sablon - Perlengkapan dan Proses pembuatan". Di artikel inisaya akan mengulas lebih rinci, mengenai pembuatan sablon berikut.

Resep Membuat Sablon, Lengkap Beserta Cara dan Bahan
Resep Membuat Sablon, Lengkap Beserta Cara dan Bahan


BERIKUT cara pembuatanya nya adalah : 

Bahan yang dibutuhkan :

1.   Bahan yang disablon (kaos, kain, kertas, striker, plastik, katon atau kulit)
2.   Kuas yang halus
3.   Karbon atau kertas hitam
4.   Alat semprot air atau sprayer
5.   Sikon sebagai perata permukaan screen
6.   Kaca bening tebal 2-3 cm
7.   Mangkok untuk mengaduk bahan
8.   Rakel terdiri dari:
      a) untuk kaos/kain
      b) untuk plastik, kertas, striker
9.   Screen
      a) untuk kain dan kaos ukuran T - 90
      b) untuk kertas dan striker ukuran T -165
      c) untuk kulit dan karton ukuran T - 120
10. Kipas angin
11. Spoon setebal 3 cm 
12. Air mendidih

Bahan untuk membuat klise :

1.   Plastik bening tebal 0,5 mm
2.   Gambar, sketsa, tulisan, rugos, atau rapindo tergantung mana yang dikehendaki
3.   Membuat, mendesaign, atau menyiapkan (poin no. 2) untuk ditulis/digambar ulang  
      menggunakan plastik (poin 1) yang sudah disediakan.
  

Jenis-jenis cat/tinta sablon

1.   Toyo : untuk mika, kulit, dan imitasi
2.   Fine ink : untuk plastik
3.   Zipset : untuk kertas dan karton
4.   Screen progress glass : untuk kaca dan botol
5.   Sand super color : untuk kain dan kaos

Obat-obatan untuk proses sablon

1.   Cromatin atau ulano 133
2.   Tiner M3 atau fujisol 3
3.   Soda api atau ulano remover 5 yang dicampur dengan tiner M3


Cara-cara melakukan sablon :

1.   Menyiapkan screen yang telah dipasang bingkai, lalu disemprot dengan air (spray) dan keringkan dengan kipas angin
2.   Campur cromatin atau ulano 133 dengan air panas (1: 4 sendok)
3.   Aduk-aduk bahan (no. 2) hingga tercampur, ratakan menggunakan sikon.
4.   Saat proses perataan, hindarkan bahan dari sinar matahari. Maka gunakan kipas angin untuk mengeringkan cromatin yang telah dikuaskan/diratakan pada screen.
5.   Lapisi bagian dalam screen dengan karbon/kertas hitam, lalu ganjal dengan spon atau triplek.
6.   Setelah poin no. 5 telah dilakukan, maka sebut bahan sebagai film. Dan film yang telah di sablon 
diletakkan diatas screen dengan posisi tulisan terbalik.
7.   Di atas film, ditindih dengan kaca setebal 3 mm, lalu dipanaskan dibawah sinar matahari selama 2 menit.
8.   Lepas kaca, spon, triplek, film secara perlahan. Maka gambar atau tulisan dalam screen akan terlihat.
9.   Agar gambar atau tulisan tampak lebih jelas, gunakan air panas yang disemprotkan pada bagian yang dikehendaki. Kemudian keringkan.
 
10. Tambahkan campuran bahan (cat/tinta sablon dengan tiner M3). Pilih cat sablon sesuai dengan bahan yang akan di sablon.
11. Usap dan ratakan cat/tinta sablon menggunakan rakel, sehingga terbentuk gambar/tulisan sesuai dengan bentuk dalam screen.
12. Agar tinta cepat menempel pada bahan maka segera keringkan bahan yang di sablon.


Terimakasih sekian artikel tentang cara pembuatan sablon dengan beberapa bahan yang dibutuhkan, bahan tersebut dapat anda cari di toko bahan kimia di daerah anda. Sekian artikel tutorial resep dari saya mohon maaf jika ada kesalahan kata ataupun kurang jelasnya, terimakasih.
 

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          [sinopsis] Emergency Couple (2014)        
Original Soundtrack by k2nblog OST Emergency Couple part 1 | part2 | part3 | part 4 | part 5 Sinopsis by nhieshe, nengfiiefien & dramapopuler Emergency Couple ep 1 part 1 | Emergency Couple ep 1 part 2 Emergency Couple ep 2 part 1 | Emergency Couple ep 2 part 2 Emergency Couple ep 3 part 1 | Emergency Couple ep … Continue reading
          [sinopsis] My Love from Another Star (2014)        
Original Soundtrack by k2nblog OST My Love  part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 | part 5 | part 6 | part 7 | part 8 OST Spesial Kim soo Hyun | Album Various Artis Review by cakrawalasenja, Preview dan Spoiler by Kutudrama and Kdramatized Review ep 1 Review ep 2 Review ep 3 | Preview … Continue reading
          [artikel] The Heirs : what type of crown were you trying to wear?        
 Jadi mahkota jenis apa yang akan kau pilih? Kekayaan, ketenaran atau cinta? The heirs menceritakan sederetan pewaris mahkota yang masih duduk di bangku SMA, banyak pelajaran dari masing-masing pewaris yang diceritakan dalam drama ini. Sedikit komen soal akhir dari drama ini dari sudut pandang masing-masing tokoh 😀 Berawal dari tokoh utama, kim-tan (lee min-ho) pewaris … Continue reading
          [sinopsis] The Heirs (2013)        
Original Soundtrack by k2nblog.com & koreandramandost OST The Heirs part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 | part 5 | part 6 | part 7 | part 8 | part 9 Album OST The Heirs vol. 1 | Album OST The Heirs vol.2 Sinopsis by Kutudrama and Kdramatized The Heirs ep 1 part 1 | The … Continue reading
          [sinopsis] Secretly Greatly (2013)        
OST Secretly Greatly by k2nblog (klik gambar) Sinopsis by princess-chocolates Sinopsis Secretly Greatly Spoiler by mawarbening Korea utara mengirim mata-mata yang menurutku adalah sampah yang mereka akan buang. Lalu untuk apa mereka susah-susah melatih mereka kalau akhirnya juga bakal ada perintah bunuh diri demi negaranya. ahh~~ ak tetap bingung maksudnya negara itu apa. hahaaa Won Ryu-Hwan/Bang Dong-Gu … Continue reading
          [sinopsis] Unemployed Romance (2013)        
Original Soundtrack by koreandramandost OST Unemployed Romance part 1 | part 2 | part 3 Sinopsis by Drama-favorite Unemployed Romance ep 1 part 1 | Unemployed Romance ep 1 part 2 Unemployed Romance ep 2 part 1 | Unemployed Romance ep 2 part 2 Unemployed Romance ep 3 part 1 | Unemployed Romance ep 3 part 2 Unemployed Romance … Continue reading
          [sinopsis] Marry Him If You Dare (2013)        
Original Soundtrack by k2nblog.com , mmusicbox & koreandramandost OST Marry Him If You Dare part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 | Sinopsis by dramapopuler & nengfiiefieen, Preview by cakrawalasenja Marry Him If You Dare ep 1 part 1 | Marry Him If You Dare ep 1 part 2 | review ep 1 Marry Him … Continue reading
          [sinopsis] Secret Love (2013)        
Original Soundtrack by k2nblog.com & koreandramandost.blogspot.com OST Secret Love part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 | part 5 | part 6 | part 7 | Various Artists OST Secret Sinopsis by Mumuzizi Secret Love ep 1 part 1 | Secret Love ep 1 part 2 Secret Love ep 2 part 1 | … Continue reading
          [sinopsis] Good Doctor (2013)        
Original Soundtrack by k2nbolg.com OST Good Doctor part 1 | part 2 | part 3 | part 4 | part 5 | part 6 | Album various artists Sinopsis by Kutudrama & CakrawalaSenja Good Doctor ep 1 part 1 | Good Doctor ep 1 part 2 Good Doctor ep 2 part 1 | Good Doctor ep 2 part 2 Good … Continue reading
          [Picture] Ji Sung ♥ Lee Bu Young        
Masih inget pasangan park so haa ma jang hye sung?? Pasangan yg dipasangkan di drama I Can Hear Your Voice  ahhh suka banget mereka. Banyak yang berharap mereka jadi pasangan beneran. Masih inget juga juga dong pasti pasangan jo min hyuk dan kang yoo jung?? Pasangan di Secret Love yang lagi tayang di KBS ini. Aku … Continue reading
          Roma AŞ: Ä°ki Kardeşin Temelini Attığı Dürüst mü Dürüst Bir Aile Şirketi        
Turkish

Her şirketin kuruluşunda bir efsane vardır. Küçük şirketler bile haklarında çok şey bilinmeyen atalarıyla ilgili hikâyeler üretir. Hayatının başında meteliğe kurşun atan Morty Amca’nın şimdiki haline bakın! Providence’tan Trenton’a kadar doğu sahili boyunca uzanan bir perakende mağaza zinciri! Elindeki birkaç kuruşla ve küçük bir ham­burger tezgâhıyla Ray Kroc, ortaçağ California’sında soğan doğrayıp köfte çevirerek ve bu şekilde milyarlarca, hatta günün birinde trilyon­larca insana hizmet veren binlerce mola yerinin her biriyle övüneceği bir dev yarattı. Genç Bill Gates ve Nolan Bushnell, ileri teknolojiden ziyade kötü rock and roll üretmeye elverişli olan, varoşlardaki tuhaf bir garajda iğrenç sivilceleriyle oynarken kişisel bilgisayarın hayalini kuruyorlardı. Babasının puro işinde sıkıntıdan patlayan Bill Paley, yeni bir mecra olan radyonun, hareket halinde olmaya uygun bir ürün olduğuna karar verdi, içinden ürünün geçtiği bir iletişim hattına sahip olup olamayacağını kendi kendine sordu ve bu istasyonları birbirine bağlayınca ne olacağını merak edip bir radyo ağı yarattı.Bu hikâyeler, yatırım ve ticaretin iç dinamiklerini harekete geçirir ve şirketleri kendilerine ait birleştirici bir anlayışa sahip olmaya götürür. Vazgeçilmez ve önemli oldukları hissi, onlara en azından daha ucuza çalışacak eleman alma yeteneği kazandırır.

Roma’nın kuruluş destanı, kuş uçmaz kervan geçmez bir tepede yaşayan birkaç derbeder çobanla başlar. Zaten o zamanlar kuş uçmaz kervan geçmez olmayan yer yoktu. Bu küçük, gürültücü grup, sürüle­rini otlatıyor ve vahşi doğada dolaşan kurt sürülerine karşı kendilerini savunuyorlardı.

Daha sonra Roma’ya dönüşecek olan geleceğin aile şirketinin ilk atası bu düşmanca ortama gözünü açtı. Adı Aineias’tı ve Homeros’ta anlatılan, Troya’nın o meşhur düşmanca ele geçirilişinden sonra yerleşecek yeni bir yer arıyordu. Oğlu yol kenarında Alba Longa adında küçük bir kent kurdu ve bu kent, kardeş olan iyi kralla kötü kral arasında hâkimiyet mücadelelerine sahne olacak kadar büyüdü.

Bugün de büyük-küçük tüm kurumlarda sıklıkla olduğu gibi, kötü kral ne yapıp edip Alba Longa’da iktidara geldi. Kötü CEO öylesine büyük bir tehlikeydi ki kardeşi hayatından endişe etti, başka yerlerdeki önemli işler için sayısız yolculuğa çıkarak neredeyse sırra kadem bastı ve böylece işten atılması da zorlaştı.

Alba Longa’nın kötü başkanı o kadar kötüydü ki iyi kralın kızını Vesta Rahibesi olmaya zorladı. Vesta Rahibeleri önemli dini şahsi­yetlerdi, ancak bu işi sürekli yapabilmeleri için temel koşul ömürleri boyunca her türlü cinsel ilişkiden kaçınmalarıydı. Bu, büyük ihtimalle onlar için olduğu kadar dinlerin evliliği yasakladığı diğer kurumsal kültürler için de geçerliydi.

Vesta Rahibesi, iyi başkanın kızı, tabii ki ibretlik bir örnekti – ta ki iyi ya da kötü talihiyle savaş tanrısı Mars’ın ilgisini çekinceye kadar. Roma tanrıları güçlü varlıklardı ve böyle oldukları için de diğer birçok tanrıya göre daha çekiciydiler. Ve elbette genel merkezden mükemmel bir yetkilinin ortaya çıkıp yerel bir kasabaya gelerek, alt kadrodan gözü yaşlı bir personeli bambaşka bir halde bıraktığı ilk vaka değildi bu. Rahibeden hoşlanan tanrı hiç vakit kaybetmedi ve Tacitus’a göre ona uykusunda sahip oldu. Böylece anneleri bakire, babaları bir tanrı olan ikizler dünyaya geldi. Adları Romus ve Romulus’tu.

Vesta Rahibesi (artık eski Vesta Rahibesi demek gerekiyor sanırım), yeni şirketin müstakbel sahiplerinin mağrur annesiydi. Ancak onla­rın varlığı, çok kötü olan mevcut CEO tarafından takdir edilmedi. Varlıklarından haberdar olunca anneleriyle birlikte çocukları da Tiber Irmağı’na attı. Irmak, kutsal rahibeler için ve tanrısal varlıkların ço­cukları için bile feci soğuk ve zorluydu.

Rahibenin güzelliği ırmak tanrısı tarafından fark edilince rahibe mucizevi bir şekilde hayatta kaldı. Tanrı, kadınla evlenerek onun na­musunu kurtardı. İkizler ise ırmağın kıyısında karaya fırlatıldı. Tam burada bir kurt sürüsü yaşıyordu ve bir anne kurt bebekleri emzirmek için hazır bulunuyordu. Büyüyüp serpilen çocuklar, kötü kralın çobanı tarafından evlat edinilecek kadar hayatta kalmayı başardı. Çoban onları tam da kralın korktuğu şekilde yetiştirdi – kendisinin kaçınılmaz sonu ve etrafındaki yeni nesil üst düzey yöneticiler olarak.

Böylece büyüyüp yetişkinliğe adım atan yakışıklı, iyi kalpli ve yete­nekli gençler Gabii’de okula gittiler ve çobanın ya da domuz çobanının (kime inandığınıza bağlı) oğulları olarak bilindikleri Alba sarayında vakit geçirdiler. Kötü kralın hizmetkârlarının sinirine dokunuyor, ancak kralın dikkatini hiç çekmiyorlardı.

Günün birinde domuzların çalınmasıyla ya da o zamanlar idamla cezalandırılan başka bir suçla ilgili bir kavga çıktı ve Romus durumu kontrol altına almak üzere bir grup genci topladı. Yerel merciler top­lanan bu kalabalığı yanlış yorumlayarak onları CEO’yu öldürmeye niyetlenmiş yevmiyeli bir işçi grubu sandı. Romus en tepedeki adamın huzuruna çıkarıldı. Adam ilk anda Romus’a ne yapacağını bilemedi.

Tuhaf bir güzelliği olan genç adamda özel bir şeyler olduğunu fark eden kötü başkan, o zamanlar bile eski olan delege etme sanatını kullanarak konuyu emri altındakilere havale etti, ancak onlar da ne yapacaklarını bilemez haldelerdi. Bu arada, ezeli ve ebedi başkan, o sırada yarı emekli bir Jobs olarak kırlarda dolaşan iyi kalpli büyükbaba ortaya çıkıp Romulus’u kardeşine yardım etmesi için yüreklendirdi. Romulus yardıma gitti ve göz açıp kapayıncaya kadar Romus serbest kaldı, kötü adam öldü ve Alba Longa bir kez daha gerçek başkanının, büyükbabanın eline geçti. Böylece ilk kurumsal el değiştirme tamam­lanmış oldu.

Bu hikâyedeki kötü başkanın paranoyasının sağlam temellere dayandığına dikkat edin lütfen. Paranoya hemen her zaman sağlam temellere dayanır, özellikle de üst düzey yöneticilere sunulan tek tazminat seçeneğinin, başlarının vücutlarından ayrılması olduğu kurumsal kültürlerde.

Doğuştan sahip oldukları hakkı öğrenip işe el koyan ve büyükba­balarına tahtı geri veren Romulus ve Romus kendi başlarına kalıp iki nedenden dolayı farklı bir yola koyuldular. Birincisi, kendi toprakla­rında her şey yoluna girmişti ve orada hükümdar olmalarının tek yolu büyükbabalarını öldürmekti. İyice düşünüp taşınan ve bunu reddeden kardeşlerin başka bir sorunu vardı: Askerler, köleler, kadınlar, çocuklar, kâhinler, domuz çobanları ve ipsiz sapsız bir sürü insandan oluşan, başıboş ve olacaklara hazırlıklı büyük bir kalabalık, son yıllarda yürüt­tükleri kurumsal savaşlar boyunca onlara bağlanmıştı. Kullanılmadığı takdirde tehlikeli bir sorumluluğa dönüşebilecek bu büyük kaynakla ilgili ne yapılabilirdi? Özellikle erkekler çeşitli amaçlarla yerli kadınları alıkoymaya başladığında, Plutarkhos’un belirttiği gibi “zorla alıkoyduk­larına karşı sıra dışı bir saygı gösterip hürmet etseler” bile, Alba Longa halkı bu güruhtan hiç kimseyi kesinlikle istemez oldu.

Kurucuları, girişimin büyümesi ve başarılı olması için merkezi bir önemi olan politikayı bu noktada, şirketin bu ilk günlerinde benimsedi. Bölgedeki bütün kaçaklara, seyahat eden askerlere, borçlulara, dilenci­lere ya da yersiz yurtsuzlara kapılarını açtılar, ibadetleri için bir tapınak sağladılar, hepsini korudular ve hiçbirini geri çevirmediler, ne köleleri sahiplerine ne katilleri polise teslim ettiler. Ve her birine değerli bir ödül teklif ettiler: Bu yeni oluşumda vatandaşlık ya da –iş dünyasının diliyle– en düşük yevmiyeli çalışan ya da danışmana bile kadrolu iş. Hakiki sadakat böyle temeller üzerinde kurulur.

Fethedilene vatandaşlık vermeye ve aynı şekilde gönüllü askerliğe yönelik olan bu politika, şirket tarafından alınan küçük şirketlerin her birini, çoğu zaman daha küçük, daha zayıf ve daha kötü giyimli hedef şirketteki üst düzey yöneticiler de dâhil olmak üzere, bir ölçüde hoşnut etti.

Çok geçmeden, Palatium Tepesi üzerinde bir gecede biten mantarlar gibi binin üzerinde ev belirdi. Kardeşler de bu işgücünü korumak ve bir arada tutmak için yerleşim merkezlerini canla başla inşa etmeye koyuldular.

Şirket için bir merkez ofise duyulan ihtiyaç R kardeşler –o andan itibaren kurucular– tarafından fark edildi ve sonunda yeni şirketi, ne yöne gittiklerini bilmeyen, kendilerini sanata, felsefeye kaptırıp her şeyi eskisi gibi sürdürmeye devam eden, Atina, Sparta ve başka yerlerde

ofisleri bulunan, o bölgenin eski büyük tüzel kişiliklerinden çok daha birleşik ve güçlü hale getirdi.

Kısa süre içinde duvarları nereden başlatacakları üzerine bir tartışma çıktı. Kardeşler bir anda birbirlerinden rahatsızlık duymaya başladılar. Genişleme, büyüme ve ortak başarıya eşlik eden tatlı sorunlara karşı aşırı bir tepki olarak görülebilir bu. Tam tersine. O gün de şimdi olduğu gibi ofis alanının boyutu, şekli ve düzenlemesi pek çok kanlı çekişmeye neden oluyordu.

Böylece Romulus genel merkezi bir yere kurmak istedi, Romus ise başka bir yere. Romulus bunu belli bir şekilde yapmak istedi, Romus da –tabii ki– başka bir şekilde. Öfkeden deliye dönen Romulus, “Ben de yoluma böyle devam ederim. Romus’la bu konu üzerine konuşmak için bir toplantı daha yaparsam kardeşim demeyip o lanet olasıcayı öldüreceğim,” diye düşündü.

Romulus projeye girişti, her iyi kuruluşun ihtiyacı olan ilk şeyi –güvenliği, yani duvarları– halletmek üzere kolları sıvadı. İş başladı. Heyecan doruktaydı. “Tanrım,” diye düşündü Romulus kendi kendine, “tek başına çalışmak ne güzel! O itici, dik kafalı ve her şeye muhalefet eden kardeşim sürekli kuyruğumda olmayınca ne kadar rahatım!” Romulus hem bu gelişmeden zevk alıyor hem de derin düşüncelere dalıyordu ve düşündükçe öfkesi daha da artıyordu. Burada gücünü ve adını o herifle paylaşıyordu, oysa o oturduğu yerden Romulus’un aklına gelen her fikrin altında bir bityeniği aramaktan başka bir şey yapmıyor­du. Peki, kendisinin herhangi bir fikri var mıydı? Bir tane bile yoktu.

Romulus’un şehri Roma çok büyük olacaktı, dünya tarihinin gelmiş geçmiş en büyük şehri. Bir vizyonu, bir alınyazısı olacaktı. Üşütük kardeşinin kuracağı uyduruk yer gibi bir çöplük olmayacaktı. Çakma şehrine hangi adı verecekti acaba? Reme mi?

Romulus’un gözünün karardığı ve şirketi kardeşinin elinden aldığı o vahim günle ilgili farklı hikâyeler anlatılır. Kimileri Romus’un şehrin yeni duvarlarının boyutuyla ilgili huzursuzluk çıkardığına, fazla alçak olduğunu söylediğine inanır. Bazı söylentilere göre ise duvarlar çok zayıf olduğundan Romus üstünden kolayca atlayarak dalga geçmiştir. Büyüklük ve boyla ilgili şakalar, sıkı bir rekabet içindeki erkekler arasında asla iyi sonuçlara yol açmaz. Genel kabullere göre Romus kardeşiyle dalga geçmiş, bu duruma daha fazla dayanamayan Romulus da onu baş aşağı yere devirmiş. Belki de niyeti onu öldürmek değildi. Bu düşünce Roma tarihinin geri kalanıyla çelişiyor olsa bile hadi biz de öyle düşünelim.

Şiddet içerikli bir sapkınlık değildi bu. Yapım işleri devam edebil­sin diye kardeşini öldürmekle Romulus gerçek bir yönetici kişiliğin tüm özelliklerini sergiliyor ve aynı zamanda bir kurumsal kültür tesis ediyordu.

 

Yönetici Kişilik

Zeki, stratejik, dinamik

Pek çok diğer harika karakter özellikleri ve…

Sağı solu belli olmayan nevrotik gurur

Sarsıcı, kontrol edilemeyen öfkeye yenik düşme

Dürtü kontrolsüzlüğü

Etik fakat ahlak dışı

Cüretkâr, kararlı, yaratıcı

Kendiyle ilgili yok denecek kadar az mizah anlayışı

 

Bu hızlı hamleyle Romulus, Roma haline geldi. Tıpkı Edison’ın, Ford’un ve Jobs’ın kurdukları şirketlere kalıcı bir marka vermeleri gibi o da bundan böyle halkın ne giyeceğinden neyi, nasıl yiyeceğine, hangi saatte uyuyacağından gururlu, üzgün ya da kızgın oldukların­da nasıl konuşacağına, yolda neler yapacağına kadar her ayrıntısıyla gelecek bin yılda Roma’nın nasıl yaşayacağını belirledi. Dediğim dedikti. Son derece tehlikeliydi. Bir şeyler yaratmayı da seviyordu, bir şeyleri öldürmeyi de. Kendi içinde yaratma ve yok etmenin ikili gücünü dengeliyor, bunu zamanının tüm diğer adamlarından daha iyi yapıyordu. İşlerin halledilmesi için ne gerekiyorsa yapma konusunda vahşi bir iştahın yanı sıra bütün bunlar da Roma’nın ayakta kalmasını sağlayan niteliklerdi.

Artık dünyaya sattıkları şey Roma fikriydi. Kıyamet gününde, bu görev bilinci yok olduğunda kaç tane askeri birliğiniz olduğunun hiçbir önemi kalmazdı, kaybetmeye mahkûm olurdunuz. İşin başında Romulus şirkete sadece bir kurucunun sağlayabileceği, esaslı bir şey hediye etmişti: Kurum kavramı.

Yüreklerinde ve zihinlerinde bu olduktan sonra zaten durdurula­mazlardı.

  • Tarih
  • Stanley Bing
              VIDEO: S-Xino – My Life ft Bisa Kdei        

    Stanley Osamudiamen .Born..September 8. He is a song-writer,Singer,guitarist and a performing artist with the stage name S-Xino. He was born in Benin city Edo state and raised in Lagos Nigeria where he attended Mount Zion Academy high school Ago palace way Okota Isolo Lagos and later he moved on to study business administration in Lagos […]

    The post VIDEO: S-Xino – My Life ft Bisa Kdei appeared first on Jukebox Music.


              Saat batal ke Merak, oleh : Cien        
    Ada bocoran, dua hari lalu di Suralaya Merak baronang sedang galak. Kasar-kasar lagi. Kecuali baronang susu yang Cuma 4-5 jari, selebihnya baronang lada 8 jari serta tompel dan batik 7 jari. Info begini, meski belum tentu benar, jelas menggetarkan sanubari setiap pemancing baronang.

    Pukul lima pas. Tapi Dimas belum datang juga. Sontoloyo! Sesuai perjanjian seharusnya kawan baik ini sudah muncul sejam lalu. Repotnya saya juga tak mungkin pergi sendiri. Selain agak riskan, Dimas juga telanjur janji mau bawa umpan lumut. Mancing baronang di Merak tanpa bawa lumut, sama juga bohong.

    Hati yang sudah ngebet ingin cepat mancing jadi serba bimbang. Tapi sudah kadung bangun subuh, biarpun sudah kesiangan, akhirnya saya putuskan untuk tetap pergi. Bukan ke Merak, melainkan ke Tanjung Pasir di Tangerang.

    Cakrawala yang sudah benderang membuat saya tak sempat lagi mencari lumut. Setelah membeli dua bungkus nasi di warung tegal, saya buru-buru menyewa perahu nelayan untuk mengantar ke Pulau Untung Jawa.

    Pulau Untung Jawa letaknya berdampingan dengan Pulau Rambut di barat dan Pulau Bokor di barat laut. Di penghujung November ini, sejauh mata memandang cakrawala tampak begitu jernih. Pulau Lancang dan Pulau Pari yang biasanya samar-samar juga terlihat jelas. Mungkin derasnya hujan pada awal musim angin barat telah menyapu bersih kabut laut yang biasa menghalangi pandangan.

    Hampir setengah jam berlalu, tapi Untung Jawa masih tetap terlihat jauh. “Ini sudah full speed”, kata tukang perahu. “Tuh knalpotnya sampai ngebul banget”. Kelihatan tukang perahu agak kesal karena saya terus meminta dia menambah kecepatan. Saya memang geregetan. Kuping seolah tuli dan hidung pun geremetan akibat getar mesin diesel yang berisiknya bukan main, tapi pulau yang dituju tidak kelihatan semakin dekat. Saking tak sabar, saat haluan belum mencapai dermaga timur pulau, saya sudah langsung melompat turun ke air.

    Di dermaga sudah ada tiga pemancing casting dan seorang pemancing baronang. Jelas kelihatan dari joran tegeg dan pelampungnya yang tergantung di atas permukaan. Supaya tidak timbul rivalitas, saya harus menyapanya lebih dulu.

    “Rame, nih. Sudah naik banyak pak?”, saya mencoba berbasa-basi. “Huu payah! Dari tadi arusnya kenceng banget!”, gerutunya tanpa menoleh. Tapi saya lihat korang di sisi dermaga sudah terisi. Satu baronang tompel lima jari dan tiga lagi baronang susu empat jari. Wah, telat. Gara-gara Dimas.

    Setelah berkenalan, saya tahu pemancing dari Serpong ini bernama pak Iman. Sudah tiga bulan selalu mancing di tempat yang sama. Kata beliau hasilnya oke. Umpannye lumut batere. Bila saya terperangah melihat pancingnya yang besar, ia justru tampak ragu melihat pancing garong saya yang cuma sekuku ibujari. Saking baik hati, ia malah sempat menawarkan pancing garongnya, yang kontan saya tolak secara halus.

    Pak Iman duduk menghadap timur menantang langsung matahari fajar. Saya di sisi kanannya menghadap tenggara. Masuk musim angin barat, arus memang datang dari timur. Berarti pagi ini laut sedang bergerak menuju puncak pasang naik. Permukaan air ngopyak, berombak riak sedang. Air biru gelap dan berangin semilir. Begitu umpan dilempar, memang benar langsung melayang terseret arus. Terpaksa lemparan diulang lebih jauh melawan arus. Agak susah mancing dengan kenur mengsong begini. Pengalaman terdahulu, pancing akan sering meleset kala disentak.

    Gebrakan pertama muncul pada lemparan keenam. Umpan baru turun setengah air. Benang juga belum tegang dan masih meliuk-liuk diterpa angin. Tapi naluri tidak tertipu dan memang sangat kasat mata, umpan sedang ditanggap baronang. Pelampung bergerak zigzag dan kenur bergerak tenggelam secara tidak wajar. Mengingat posisi kenur yang miring, joran tidak boleh disentak dulu. Biarkan ikan merasa mantap menyosor umpan. Sedetik tali menegang, tanpa ampun joran langsung disentak.

    Bukan terangkat, joran malah melengkung hebat dan terasa bak dibebani batu besar. Sampai nyungsep, istilah pemancing baronang. Pelampung pun langsung lenyap ditelan air.

    Ikan melesat kekiri, gagal. Ke kanan juga gagal. Saat itulah kenur berdesing menyayat permukaan air. Berikutnya ikan lari melingkar ke arah luar, namun sambil terus bertahan di kedalaman. Beberapa detik kemudian menyerah juga dia.

    Dari atas, kelihatan seperti sebuah piring keramik sedang melayang di bawah permukaan air. Tompel tujuh jari, atau lebih kalau dihitung dengan duri sirip dan punggung dan perutnya yang menantang. Pak Iman geleng kepala melihat ikan tergantung di pancing garong segede kuku.

    Lima belas menit kedepan pasaran berubah sepi. Angin kian kencang sementara arus belum mengendur. Mata terasa payah melihat pelampung yang terus bergoyang diterpa angin. Kami mengobrol sambil berusaha tetap menatap pelampung. Saat begini biasanya pemancing sering kecolongan. Dan ini benar-benar terjadi.

    Dua kali sudah lumut pak Iman cepak dicukur gigi baronang yang selalu diganti lumut baru, tentu sembari mengumpat. Karena sewot, kini dia bolak-balik menyentak joran sampai bunyinya mendengung, tapi tak ada ikan yang tersangkut. Sungguh bikin tetangga jadi stres. Pasalnya saya tak merasa umpan disentuh ikan. Saat saya coba angkat, utuh kok.

    Waktu saya perhatikan, rupanya joran pak Iman terlalu lembek. Kurang pas untuk gerak cepat di air dalam. Oleh pancing garong yang besar saja ujung jorannya sudah tampak terbebani, belum lagi umpan lumut dan tekanan air. Pantas sentakan pancing garong selalu telat dan baronang sanggup melengos. Saya duga, barangkali ikan yang sempat kena sebelumnya Cuma pas lagi meleng.

    Pada suatu kesempatan saya menyentak joran perlahan sekali. Bukan karena ada ikan, tapi untuk membuyarkan umpan nasi di pancing saja. Sambil berharap ikan yang mencuri umpan pak Iman mau beringsut ke depan saya. Tentu sama sekali tidak etis jika saya menebar bom nasi saat pemancing di sebelah berkali-kali menyentak joran tanpa hasil. Iba juga hati ini, sebab rasanya beliau tidak “ngeh” akan hal ini.

    Begitu umpan pasangan baru tenggelam, saya menahan napas melihat atraksi gila pelampung. Gerakan turun naiknya segesit jarum mesin jahit! Saya menahan diri untuk tidak buru-buru menyentak joran. Saat umpan menyentuh dasar dan pelampung makin kelojotan, “Japp!”.

    Sepersekian detik joran stagnan. Sentakan tidak otomatis memboyong ikan naik, tetapi juga tidak ada betotan pertanda ikan melawan. Saya duga, ikan terkejut saat pancing garong membekap mulut, namun ia juga sulit bergerak karena posisinya sedang nungging di dasar.

    Detik berikutnya perut jadi mulas. Pelampung amblas karena ikan menarik kenur kuat-kuat dengan terus main bawah. Ia tidak manuver kesana kemari seperti tompel semula, tetapi terus bertahan di bawah sambil zigzag, yang menyebabkan joran ikut bergerakmanggut-manggut.

    Berbahaya! Cuma ada dua kemungkinan yang bisa terjadi. Pertama ikan lepas karena bibirnya sobek, berikutnya kenur yang halus itu putus di simpul. Kemungkinan pertama agak sulit, sebab ukuran pancing garong yang kecil biasanya membuat dua pancing menancap bersamaan. Situasinya sungguh serba tidak menguntungkan. Dipaksa naik takut kenur jebol, dibiarkan terus juga tidak aman.

    Susah payah saya berusaha bangun dari duduk. Namun begitu bisa berdiri, sekonyong-konyong joran menjadi ringan. Kenur putus di simpul pancing. Seketika pak Iman terkekeh-kekeh sambil mengomentari mengapa joran tidak buru-buru diangkat. “Ikannya kasar tuh!” ujarnya memanasi.

    Beberapa jam kedepan tidak ada tarikan yang istimewa. Paling yang naik baronang susu atau tompel kecil-kecil. Waktunya pun sporadis. Naik satu-dua ekor, terus sepi lagi. Kadangkala pelampung bergetar halus, tapi begitu disentak ada si tompel. Di lain kesempatan pelampung bergetar kesetanan, namun sewaktu disentak malah kosong atau naik baronang susu empat jari.

    Pukul 11.00 arus sudah reda. Semestinya enak mancing dengan kenur agak tegak, tapi ikan juga ikut menghilang. Sinar matahari memang mulai menembus ke dalam air dan menampakkan bayangan bebatuan di dasar laut.

    Saya tinggalkan pak Iman untuk mengisi perut di warung di tepi pantai. Ia sendiri memilih menyantap bekal di tempat. Katanya tidak tega meninggalkan dermaga. Padahal berkata jujur mau mencuri kesempatan juga tak jadi soal.

    Saat saya kembali, permukaan laut sudah seperti kolam. Arus mati dan angin pun tak ada. Dimana-mana air tampak sangat bening. Namun yang paling tragis, tak satu ikan pun terlihat di antara bebatuan. Akhirnya saya Cuma menemani pak Iman yang tetap rajin menyentak joran, meskipun selalu tanpa hasil. Mungkin terik matahari telah membuat efek halusinasi. Asal pelampung bergeser sedikit saja joran pasti kontan disentak.

    Semakin siang bukan semakin baik. Air yang surut membuat perairan menjadi dangkal dan kian bening. Ini pertanda harus stop mancing. Saya hitung ikan di box ada 22 ekor, sepuluh tompel dan sisanya baronang susu. Lima tompel diantaranya terbilang cukup gede, sekitar enam-tujuh jari. Saat itu saya ingin segera pulang dan pamer hasil mancing setengah hari ini ke Dimas.

    source : (Majalah Trip & Trick Edisi 1 / Maret 2002)
              rumus kimia kelas 1 SMA        
    Pada bab sebelumnya, Anda telah mempelajari tentang ikatan kimia. Proses pengikatan dan pelepasan ikatan kimia atom-atom disebut juga dengan reaksi kimia. Anda telah banyak menjumpai reaksi kimia yang terjadi di dalam kehidupan sehari-hari, ada yang menghasilkan gas, perubahan warna, terjadinya endapan, bahkan adanya ledakan. Biasanya, zat-zat yang terlibat selama reaksi berlangsung dinyatakan dengan rumus kimia beserta tata namanya dalam suatu persamaan, yang dikenal dengan persamaan reaksi kimia. Misalnya, ketika natrium hidroksida (NaOH) ditambahkan ke dalam larutan asam asetat (CH3COOH) yang sudah ditambahkan indikator fenolftalein akan terjadi perubahan warna. Larutan asam asetat pada awalnya berwarna bening. Akan tetapi, setelah ditambahkan larutan NaOH lama-kelamaan akan berubah warna menjadi merah muda. Reaksi yang terjadi dapat dituliskan seperti berikut.

    Pada bab ini, akan dijelaskan mengenai cara pemberian nama senyawa dengan rumus tertentu dan cara menyatakan suatu persamaan reaksi kimia. Selamat mempelajari.
    Setelah Anda memahami bahwa berbagai unsur dapat membentuk ikatan ion dan ikatan kovalen, tentunya akan banyak sekali senyawa-senyawa hasil ikatan tersebut yang dijumpai di alam ini. Ada yang tersusun atas dua unsur pembentuk, seperti NaCl, H2O, CH4 atau bahkan lebih dari dua unsur, misalnya H2SO4, Ca(OCl)2, C6H12O6, dan Fe(NH4)2SO4. Tahukah Anda penamaan senyawa-senyawa tersebut? Untuk dapat mengenal dan membedakan senyawa kimia, mari menyelidikinya dengan melakukan kegiatan berikut.
    Perbedaan Unsur Logam dan Nonlogam
    Tujuan
    Membuktikan perbedaan unsur logam dan unsur nonlogam dari suatu senyawa
    Alat dan Bahan
    Data rumus dan senyawa kimia
    Langkah Kerja
    1. Pelajarilah rumus dan nama kimia senyawa-senyawa berikut.
    2. Carilah unsur-unsur yang merupakan unsur logam atau unsur nonlogam.
    Jawablah pertanyaan berikut untuk menarik kesimpulan.
    1. Senyawa manakah yang unsur-unsur penyusunnya terdiri atas unsur logam dan unsur nonlogam?
    2. Senyawa manakah yang unsur-unsur penyusunnya terdiri atas unsur nonlogam dan nonlogam?
    3. Adakah hubungan antara jumlah unsur penyusun dan nama senyawa?
    Diskusikan hasil yang Anda peroleh dengan teman Anda.
    Apakah yang Anda peroleh dari penyelidikan di atas? Untuk mengetahui unsur-unsur penyusun dalam suatu senyawa dan bagaimana hubungan jumlah unsur penyusun dengan nama senyawa, pelajarilah penjelasan berikut.
    1. Tata Nama Senyawa Biner yang Tersusun atas Unsur Logam dan Nonlogam
    Suatu senyawa dapat tersusun atas dua atau lebih unsur kimia. Senyawa yang tersusun atas dua unsur kimia disebut senyawa biner. Bagaimana cara memberi nama senyawa biner yang dibentuk oleh satu unsur logam dan satu unsur nonlogam? Berikut tata nama senyawa biner yang tersusun atas unsur logam dan nonlogam.
    a. Tulislah nama logam tanpa modifikasi dan diikuti dengan penulisan nama unsur nonlogam melalui pencantuman akhiran “ida”.
    b. Jumlah unsur yang menyusun senyawa tidak berpengaruh terhadap penamaan senyawa.
    Berikut ini nama-nama kation dan anion yang sering Anda temui dalam kehidupan sehari-hari.
    undefined
    undefined
    Senyawa KCl (kalium klorida) terdiri atas unsur kalium dan klor. Kalium bertindak sebagai kation sehingga namanya tidak diubah. Klor bertindak sebagai anion sehingga ditambahkan akhiran -ida yaitu klorida. Jadi, nama senyawa KCl adalah kalium klorida. Dapatkah Anda memberi nama senyawa KBr, CaCl2, dan AgCl2? Agar Anda lebih memahami hal ini, pelajarilah contoh soal berikut.
    Berilah nama pada senyawa berikut:
    a. NaBr c. AlCl3
    b. MgCl2 d. Na2S
    Jawab
    a. NaBr tersusun atas kation Na+ (atom natrium) dan anion Br– (atom brom). Nama kation sama dengan nama atomnya dan nama anion sama dengan nama atom diberi akhiran ida (bromida). Dengan demikian nama NaBr menjadi natrium bromida.
    b. MgCl2 = magnesium klorida
    c. AlCl3 = aluminium klorida
    d. Na2S = natrium sulfida
    e. CaF2 = kalsium fluorida
    Contoh 3.2
    Tuliskanlah rumus senyawa dari nama-nama senyawa berikut:
    a. litium sulfida
    b. magnesium oksida
    c. barium iodida
    d. aluminium hidrida
    e. seng klorida
    f. kalium iodida
    Jawab

    2. Tata Nama Senyawa Biner yang Tersusun atas Nonlogam dan Nonlogam
    Senyawa biner dari nonlogam dan nonlogam disebut dengan senyawa kovalen biner. Cara penamaan senyawa kovalen biner adalah sama seperti senyawa ion, yaitu diberi akhiran “ida”. Jika pasangan unsur hanya membentuk satu jenis senyawa, angka indeks (jumlah atom) tidak perlu disebutkan.
    Contoh:
    HCl = hidrogen klorida
    Beberapa pasang unsur dapat pula membentuk lebih dari satu senyawa biner. Penamaan senyawa harus disebutkan jumlah atomnya dalam angka latin dengan indeks dalam bahasa Yunani.
    Indeks angka satu untuk unsur pertama umumnya tidak pernah disebutkan.
    Contoh:
    CO = karbon monoksida
    CO2 = karbon dioksida
    N2O3 = dinitrogen trioksida
    N2O5 = dinitrogen pentoksida
    HBr = hidrogen bromida
    HF = hidrogen fluorida
    CS2 = karbon disulfida
    Untuk lebih jelasnya, perhatikanlah beberapa contoh penamaan senyawa berikut.
    Contoh 3.3
    Berilah nama pada senyawa-senyawa berikut:
    a. SO2 c. CCl4
    b. SO3 d. N2O4
    Jawab
    a. SO2 tersusun atas satu atom belerang dan dua atom oksigen sehingga namanya menjadi belerang dioksida (indek angka satu unsur pertama tidak disebutkan) Dengan menggunakan cara yang sama diperoleh:
    b. SO3 = belerang trioksida
    c. CCl4 = karbon tetraklorida
    d. N2O4 = dinitrogen tetraoksida
    Contoh 3.4
    Tuliskan rumus kimia dari nama-nama senyawa berikut:
    a. boron triklorida
    b. belerang heksafluorida
    c. dinitrogen pentoksida
    d. disulfur diklorida
    Jawab
    a. boron triklorida berarti tersusun dari satu atom boron dan tiga atom klor sehingga rumus kimianya sama dengan BCl3
    Dengan menggunakan cara yang sama diperoleh:
    b. belerang heksafluorida = SF6
    c. dinitrogen pentoksida = N2O5
    d. disulfur diklorida = S2Cl2
    3. Tata Nama Senyawa Poliatom
    Senyawa poliatom dibentuk oleh lebih dari dua atom yang berbeda. Pada umumnya senyawa ini dibentuk oleh ion-ion poliatomik. Ion-ion poliatomik itu sendiri adalah ion-ion yang terdiri atas dua atom atau lebih yang terikat bersama, umumnya dijumpai tersusun atas unsur-unsur nonlogam. Sejumlah ion poliatomik dapat Anda lihat pada Tabel 3.2.
    undefined
    Beberapa catatan aturan.
    a. Anion poliatomik umumnya lebih banyak dibandingkan kation poliatomik. Suatu kation poliatomik yang umum dijumpai adalah NH4 +.
    b. Hanya sedikit anion poliatomik yang memiliki nama dengan akhiran “ida”. Hanya OH– (ion hidroksida) dan CN– (ion sianida). Sedangkan yang lainnya lebih banyak berakhiran “it” dan “at” dan ada juga berawalan “hipo” dan “per”.
    c. Nama anion beroksigen diberi akhiran “at” (untuk atom oksigen lebih banyak) dan “it” (untuk atom oksigen lebih sedikit). Contoh:
    Na2SO4 = natrium sulfat
    Na2SO3 = natrium sulfit
    K3PO4 = kalium fosfat
    K3PO3 = kalium fosfit
    d. Nama senyawa ion poliatomik adalah gabungan nama kation, nama anion dan angka indeks tidak disebutkan. Senyawa ion bersifat netral, jumlah muatan positif sama dengan jumlah muatan negatif.
    Contoh:
    Senyawa ion poliatom dari K+ dengan OH– : KOH (kalium hidroksida)
    Senyawa ion poliatom dari Mg2+ dengan NO3 – : Mg(NO3)2 (magnesium nitrat) Senyawa ion poliatom dari Al3+ dengan SO4 2– : Al2(SO4)3 (aluminium sulfat)
    Jika membentuk lebih dari dua anion, tata nama senyawanya sebagai berikut.
    Ca2+ dengan ClO– : Ca(ClO)2 (kalsium hipoklorit)
    Ca2+ dengan ClO2– : Ca(ClO2)2 (kalsium klorit)
    Ca2+ dengan ClO3– : Ca(ClO3)2 (kalsium klorat)
    Ca2+ dengan ClO4– : Ca(ClO4)2 (kalsium perklorat)
    Contoh 3.5
    Tuliskanlah rumus senyawa ion poliatom dan beri nama dari gabungan ion berikut:
    a. ion K+ dan ion CN–
    b. ion NH4+ dan ion Cl–
    c. ion Mg2+ dan ion OH–
    d. ion Na+ dan ion CO32–
    e. ion Ca2+ dan ion PO43–
    Jawab
    Senyawa ion bersifat netral, sehingga:
    a. 1 ion K+ dengan 1 ion CN– = KCN kalium sianida
    b. 1 ion NH4 + dengan 1 ion Cl– = NH4Cl amonium klorida
    c. 1 ion Mg2+ dengan 2 ion OH– = Mg(OH)2 magnesium hidroksida
    d. 2 ion Na+ dengan 1 ion CO3 2– = Na2CO3 natrium karbonat
    e. 3 ion Ca2+ dengan 2 ion PO4
    3– = Ca3(PO4)2 kalsium fosfat
    Contoh 3.6
    Tuliskanlah rumus senyawa ion dari nama-nama senyawa berikut:
    a. seng nitrat
    b. kalsium sulfat
    c. magnesium fosfat
    d. natrium oksalat
    e. tembaga(II) nitrat
    Jawab
    Senyawa ion bersifat netral, sehingga:
    a. seng: Zn2+, nitrat: NO3 – = Zn(NO3)2
    b. kalsium: Ca2+, sulfat: SO4 2– = CaSO4
    c. magnesium: Mg2+, fosfat: PO4 3– = Mg3(PO4)2
    d. natrium: Na+, oksalat: C2O4 2– = Na2(C2O4)
    e. tembaga(II): Cu2+, nitrat: NO3 – = Cu(NO3)2
    4. Tata Nama Asam
    Asam adalah senyawa kovalen yang terdiri atas ion H+ (sebagai kation) dan suatu anion. Penamaan asam didahului dengan kata asam yang diikuti nama anion.
    Contoh:
    HBr = asam bromida
    H2SO4 = asam sulfat
    HNO3 = asam nitrat
    Contoh 3.7
    Tentukanlah nama asam berikut:
    a. HCl
    b. HCN
    c. H2S
    d. H2CO3
    e. H3PO4
    f. CH3COOH
    Jawab
    a. HCl = asam klorida
    b. HCN = asam sianida
    c. H2S = asam sulfida
    d. H2CO3 = asam karbonat
    e. H3PO4 = asam fosfat
    f. CH3COOH = asam asetat
    5. Tata Nama Basa
    Pada umumnya basa adalah senyawa ion dari logam dengan ion OH–. Penamaannya diawali dengan menyebutkan ion logam dan diikuti dengan hidroksida.
    Contoh:
    KOH = kalium hidroksida
    Mg(OH)2 = magnesium hidroksida
    Fe(OH)2 = besi(II) hidroksida
    Contoh 3.8
    Tentukan nama basa berikut:
    a. NaOH
    b. Ca(OH)2
    c. Al(OH)3
    d. Zn(OH)2
    e. Ba(OH)2
    Jawab
    a. NaOH = natrium hidroksida
    b. Ca(OH)2 = kalsium hidroksida
    c. Al(OH)3 = aluminium hidroksida
    d. Zn(OH)2 = seng hidroksida
    e. Ba(OH)2 = barium hidroksida
    Kerjakanlah di dalam buku latihan Anda.
    1. Tuliskanlah lambang unsur atau rumus molekul materi berikut:
    a. perak
    b. emas
    c. garam dapur
    d. air
    e. kalium permanganat
    f. kalium tiosianat
    g. asam dikromat
    h. amonium hidroksida
    2. Tuliskanlah nama-nama senyawa biner dan poliatomik berikut:
    a. NaOH
    b. AlCl3
    c. BF3
    d. Al2(SO4)3
    e. KClO3
    f. (NH4)2SO4

              Kumpulan Kata-kata Lucu.!!!!        

     



    Nah, jadi buat kamu yang saat ini lagi BeTe dan butuh hiburan, koleksi kata-kata lucu berikut ini bisa jadi obat mujarab penghilang BeTe. Dan dalam update kali ini special saya tambahkan beberapa kata-kata lucu dari komen para pembaca sebagai bentuk terimakasih kami atas kesetiaan para pembaca.


    PENTING: Tidak disarankan untuk membaca kumpulan kata kata lucu ini di jalan. Karena Anda bisa dianggap Gila :D

    ========================================================

    Bapak mau menipu saya ya...."INI TV PALSU!" Kemairin saya beli merknya anTV. kok sekarang mereknya jadi SCTV??
    ========================================================
    buat yg bs basa jawa

    Kabar gembira 'Rencana Pemerintah Januari 2012'
    akan memberi gaji bg para pengangguran sesuai lulusan sekolah yaitu:
    1. SD = Rp 1.250.000
    2. SMP = Rp 2.500.000
    3. SMA = Rp 3.700.000
    4. S1 = Rp 4.500.000
    dengan syarat gaji tersebut dibayarkan dalam bentuk Yen, dengan ketentuan:

    1. 'Yen' ono duit'e
    2. 'Yen' SBY bapakmu
    3. 'Yen' wakile pakdemu
    4. 'Yen' betah ora guyu
    ========================================================

    Persahabatan adalah seperti kencing di celana Anda, setiap orang dapat melihatnya, tetapi hanya Anda yang bisa merasakan kehangatannya.
    ========================================================
    aq berbaring d kmrku

    aq menatap bintang yg

    bersinar terang menerangiku

    aq merasakan sinar bln msk ke tbhku

    lama2 aq berpikir



    genteng rmh gw k mana ya??
    ========================================================

    "Ortuq bilang, Jangan pernah km berkata bohong sama orang, Makanya aq gk akan bohong sama km kalo aq bener2 mencintai km"
    hehehe...
    ========================================================
    Lihat sekelilingmu, itu adalah kebesaran Tuhan.

    Lihatlah keluargamu, itu adalah anugrah Tuhan.

    Lihatlah di cermin, itu cobaan Tuhan!
    =========================================================

    Menurut penelitian terbaru oleh para ahli kedokteran, ternyata 100 % penyebab kematian seseorang adalah jantung, yaitu JANTUNGNYA BERHENTI BERDENYUT
    Seorang nenek yang nyebrang jalan hampir ketabrak motor.
    Pengendara motor marah : "Nenek bego! Nyebrang jalan gak liat2!"
    Nenek sewot : "Lo yg bego!! Nabrak nenek-nenek aja gak kena..!!"
    ==========================================================

    IF u need ADVICE, message me.
    If u need FRIEND, call me.
    If u need HELP, e-mail me.
    If u need MONEY, nomor yg anda tuju tidak dapat dihubungi. terima kasih.
    ==========================================================

    Ketika masih sekolah kusadari, "Rajin Pangkal Pandai". Saat sudah bekerja kuyakini, "Hemat Pangkal Kaya". Setelah menikah kurasakan, "Nikmatnya Pangkal Paha"
    ==========================================================

    "Barang siapa yang menghambur-hamburkan SMS-mu dan menggunakan Pulsamu dengan sia-sia maka merugilah mereka dihari penagihannya". (An-Nokia ; ayat 3310).

    ==========================================================
    Orang Kalau Kentut

    Orang Amerika kentut bilang, "EXCUSE ME". Orang Inggris kentut
    bilang, "PARDON ME". Orang Singapore kentut bilang, "I'M SORRY". Kalo
    Orang Indonesia kentut, pasti bilang, "NOT ME!! NOT ME!!"
    ==========================================================

    Kalo bahasa inggrisnya beras adalah rice
    Kalo bahasa inggrisnya panjang adalah long
    Jadi, K'lo bahasa inggrisnya beras panjang adalah LONGTONG
    ===========================================================

    When i see baby, i remember "TEDDY BEAR DOLL".
    When i see a little girl, i remember "BARBIE DOLL".
    But when i see u, i remember "PANADOL"
    ============================================================

    Sifat cowok :
    1. Kreatif
    2. Ambisius
    3. Modern
    4. Pesimis
    5. Radikal
    6. Eksotik
    7. Tangguh
    Kalau di singkat, sifat cowok itu K.A.M.P.R.E. T.
    ===========================================================

    Berita hari ini:
    Seorang ibu & anaknya tewas akibat tersambar petir.
    Kini polisi sedang berusaha untuk mengejar petir tsb
    ============================================================

    SELAMAT!!!!

    Anda mendapatkan kado dari Digital LG!!

    Pilih yg anda suka :

    1. Digi-Last Mobil
    2. Digi-Link Truk
    3. Digi-Ring Polisi
    4. Digi-Git Anjing
    5. Digi-Lir Banci
    ==============================================================

    redup awan memecah bumi....
    tiupan angin membawa mimpi...
    ucapan selamat siang ingin ku beri...
    pada temen ku yang belum mandi!!!!..
    UUupZz,,,
    bau sekali....
    ==============================================================
    Aku merasa SIMPATI padamu, karena km ibarat MENTARI yang sinarnya membuat hatiku sebening XL, dan aku bisa BEBAS mencintaimu, sepu-AS hatiku, dan kamu pantas di acungi JEMPOL, karena dari segi fisik kamu adalah cowok yang sangat FLEXI-bel. Oleh sebab itu kamu menjadi FRENS-ku sampai saat ini, sayang!!
    ===============================================================
    Tiada gading yang tak "retak"...
    Tiada tuyul yang tak "botak"...
    Tiada bisul yang tak "bengkak"...
    Tiada luka yang tak "koyak"...
    Minal konidin wal bodrexin...
    Mohon maaf salah kirim..
    ===============================================================

    Kenapa cewe kalo abis bangun tidur ngucek² mata....?
    Karena mereka ga punya kantong menyan buat digaruk²....
    ===============================================================
    TEST MATA:

    $

    dolar. . . .

    ¥

    Yen. . . .

    £

    Euro. . . .

    Rp.

    Rupiah. . . .

    hasil test mata:

    ANDA POSITIF MATA DUITAN. . .
    =============================================================

    Wanita itu rumit. Pengen putih, tapi gak mau keputihan. Menolak kekerasan, tapi ogah sama yang lembek
    =============================================================
    "Ya, Tuhan... ampunilah yg baca sms ini, ia jarang berdoa! Hobinya hanya baca dan kirim sms aja."
    =============================================================

    Cara Awet Muda, yaitu :
    1. Banyak minum air kelapa muda.
    2. Minum jamu awet muda.
    3. Makan "Daun Muda".
    4. Punya "Istri Muda".

    ==========================================================
    mw tau alasan knp aq sms qm...??

    4% mw tw kabar

    3% perhatian

    2% kangen

    1% peduli

    90% sayang

    iya,sayang banget!!!

    sayang banget kalo sms gratis ga dimanfaatin!!!

    hehehe...
    ==============================================================

    Dibutuhkan jiwa yang besar bagi seorang laki-laki untuk menangis, tetapi dibutuhkan pria dengan badan yang lebih besar lagi jika ingin ngetawain pria yang sedang nangis itu..
    ==============================================================
    Kumpulan Kata Mutiara dan Kata bijak Lucu

    Takkan lari Nunung dikejar

    Sambil menyelam buang air

    Ma’ lu bertanya, Ma’ gue yang jawab

    Wong ompong nyaring bunyinya

    Ke bukit sama mendaki, ke lurah bikin KTP

    Nasir sudah menjadi tukang bubur

    Ada ubi, ada talas, ada pisang rebus

    Tak ada maling yang tak retak

    Alonalon asal kelakson

    Karena nila setitik rusak susunya

    Cepat kaki, ringan tangan

    Tak ada rotan Raam Punjabi

    Air susu dibalas dengan Air Mail

    Maksud hati memeluk Nunung apa daya keburu digampar
    ==============================================================

    Sekali mendayung, Dua tiga hari pegelnya ga ilang-ilang..

    Saat ini telah terjadi perubahan paradigma dalam hidup.Kekayaan seseorang tidak lagi ditentukan oleh 'perhiasan apa yang melekat di tubuhnya'. Tapi seberapa banyak CABAI yg melekat di giginya.. hoho..
    ==============================================================
    Kumpulan Cerita-Cerita Lucu

    Seorang Suami dan Istrinya tengah menghadiri sidang perceraiannya. Dalam sidang akan memutuskan siapa yang mendapat hak asuh anak.

    Sambil berteriak histeris dan melompat – lompat si istri berkata :
    “Yang Mulia, Saya yang mengandung, melahirkan bayi itu ke dunia dengan kesakitan dan kesabaran saya!! ”
    “Anak itu harus menjadi hak asuh Saya!!”

    Hakim lalu berkata kepada pihak suami:
    “Apa pembelaan anda terhadap tuntutan istri Anda”

    Si Suami diam sebentar, dengan nada datar ia berkata :
    “Yang mulia… Jika saya memasukkan KOIN ke mesin minuman Coca-Cola, mesinnya BERGOYANG SEBENTAR, dan minumannya keluar, Menurut Pak Hakim … Minumannya milik saya atau mesinnya?”
    ====================================================
    WIKIPEDIA : Aku tau semuanya.
    FACEBOOK : Aku kenal dengan semua orang.
    GOOGLE : Aku punya semuanya.
    MOZILA : Tanpa aku kalian tidak bisa di akses.
    EXPLORER : Kan gue masih ada.
    MOZILA : Apaan sih lo, ganggu acara orang aja!
    EXPLORER : Lo sih, ngaku-ngaku cuma ada lo sendiri!
    INTERNET : Udah-udah! Jangan banyak bacot lo semua, kalo gak ada gue kalian semua gak bakalan ada!
    FACEBOOK : Huuu, yang paling sering dikunjungi kan gue, jadi gue yang terbaik.
    YAHOO : Facebook, Inget, tanpa gue lo gak bisa buat Email!
    GOOGLE : Yahoo, Gue juga bisa buat Email.
    INTERNET : zzz... Udah tau gue yg paling hebat :p
    KOMPUTER : Gua Paling dewa di sini.
    PLN : Bacot lo semua! Gua matiin nih listriknya!
    GENSET : tenang aja kan masih ada saya
    PLN : diem lu
    PERTAMINA : awas kalian semua, saya stop pasokan BBM baru tau rasa lo
    SOLAR CELL : tenang kan selama masih ada saya semuanya aman
    Matahari : Ettt Gk gw sinarin diem lo
    Air, Batubara, Petir dll : MASIH ADA GUA !!!
    Bumi : Lo klo gk ada gw pasti gk bakal ada
    jagat raya: lo semua kalo gak ada gwe pasti kalian gak bakalan ada....
    Tuhan: tanpa saya kalian semua tidak pernah ada.
    ====================================================

    Kita harus bersyukur karena kita merdeka tahun 45.
    Dengan memiliki semangat 45 terkesan "gagah".
    Coba kalau tahun '69. Semangat 69 terkesan "menggagahi".

    Kita bersyukur lagi, kita merdeka tanggal 17 Agustus. Semua serba merah putih. Coba kalau tanggal 14 Februari, pasti serba merah jambu.. pink..

    Masih terus bersyukur, proklamator Republik Indonesia bernama Ahmad Soekarno. Kalau Ahmad Dhani, pastinya akan menjadi Republik Cinta.

    Bersyukur lagi kita merdeka pada tanggal 17/8/45. Burung Garuda Pancasila kitas terlihat gagah. Coba kalau tanggal 1/1/45, bulu sayap dan ekornya cuma sehelai.

    Bersyukur lagi warna bendera kita Merah Putih. Coba warna Ungu, lagu kebangsaan pasti akan berubah menjadi Demi Waktu.
    ===================================================

    ANAK SD PATAH HATI

    Si Jun adalah anak SD kelas satu......selain juara di kelasnya, dia cukup ganteng juga lah. Dia punya satu teman sekolah namanya Clara....si Clara cantik dan manis.
    Singkat cerita, si Jun jatuh hati sama si Clara...ternyata Clara juga punya hati ama si Jun.
    Suatu hari, karena kagak tahan lagi si Jun berkatakepada si Clara, "Clara, kamu tahu aku suka kepadamu. Sayang kita masih kecil.....bila nanti kita udah dewasa, kita menikah ya...?!"

    Dengan wajah yang memerah merona, si Clara menjawab "Jun, bukannya aku menolak....aku sih mau aja...Tapi dalam keluarga kami, kami hanya menikah sesama kerabat saja. Paman menikah dengan bibi, kakek menikah dengan nenek, dan bahkan papa menikah dengan mama......kita kan bukan kerabat aku Jun jadi gak bisa menikah kita besok."

    Mendengar jawaban si Clara, si Jun tidak masuk satu minggu karena patah hati....
    ===================================================
    berikut ini halusinasi yang terjadi ketikan menjalani puasa. (bukan kisah nyata)

    Guru : "Udin,100x10 berapa ?"
    Udin : "Serabi, pak"
    Guru : Seribu udiiiin!
    Udin : "Maap pak, laper.."

    Guru :"Udin, proses meletusnya gunung dipengaruhi oleh?"
    Udin : "Kerak telor, bu."
    Guru : "Kerak bumi, diin!!!"

    Aa : "Neng kenapa sih cuek sama Aa?"
    Si eneng : "Neng benci Aa! Aa sudah mendoan!"
    Aa :"Mendua maksudnya?
    Si eneng :Bodo!

    Emak : "Din, emak mau nyapu gudang, ambilin sapu butut gih!"
    Udin : "Demi apa emak masak sop buntut??|
    Emak : "UDIIIN!!"

    Kakak Udin : "Din, ambilkan buku dong"
    Udin : "hah? duku? "
    Kaka Udin : "Ngajak berantem nih bocah"
    Udin : "hah? sayur asem?"

    Penulis : "Halusinasi orang ketika berpuasa memang ternyata bisa bikin ketawa terpingkal-pingkal akibatnya laper"
    Pembaca : "hah? mana...lempernya"

    Pembaca : "Orang yang bikin humor ini dah pada koplaaak semua!!"
    Penulis : "Hah kolak?"
    ==================================================

    Di suatu pagi terlihat 2 orang cowok SMA lagi ngobrol di halte sambil nungguin bus.. Didepan mereka seorang cewek cantik dengan menggunakan rok mini dan sepatu pantopel
    Jono : "brader lo lihat cewek didepan kita itu ga??
    Paidjo : "ya lihat lah emangnya gw katarak??"
    Jono : "bukan itu maksud gw! lo percaya ngga kalau cewek itu ngga pake celana dalam??"
    Paidjo : "jiah mana gw tau, orang dia pake rok!! ngga kelihatan lah"
    Jono : "tuh lihat aja sepatunya banyak ketombenya", wkwkwk...
    ==================================================
    Nama org Jepang sesuai dgn pekerjaan nya
    Kuraba Sakumu : Pencopet
    Sayabisa Urusi : Calo
    Nikita Sukanari : Penari di tmpt hiburan
    Samakami Sampepagi :Cewek di nightclub
    Takasi Kamucoba : Sales door to door
    Kitakasi Murasaja : Seorang pemilik toko
    Yukasi Kitaterima : Kasir
    Takada Gaji : Pengangguran
    Aigaya Sanasini : Fotomodel
    Kitabuka Kamupoto : Fotomodel bokep
    Sukabawa Sayuri : Tukang sayur
    Tyada Ruma : Gelandangan
    Aisuka Susumu : Penjual pakaian dlm wnta
    Kuobati Anumu : Dokter kelamin
    Masimuda Masutipi : Artis cilik
    Kusabuni Itunoda : Tukang cuci
    ==================================================
    Permainan tradisional yang biasanya dimainkan saat memeriahkan HUT Kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia sedang diperdebatkan oleh beberapa tokoh agama karena ada yang mengatakan kalau permainan itu seharusnya diharamkan.

    Setelah melalui forum sidang untuk menguji panjat pinang, akhirnya didapatkan kesimpulan bahwa panjat pinang itu haram karena seharusnya "Dipinang dulu baru dipanjat"

    Kalau sudah dipinang artinya sudah "sah".
    =================================================

    BOM dan SERSAN

    Cerita ini terjadi di sebuah gedung yg dipasangi BOM waktu. Seorang SERSAN bertugas
    menjinakan BOM dgn dipandu via radio oleh
    komandannya

    ”Kijang satu ke kijang dua. Bagaimana kondisi disana?? - Ganti” | ”Saya
    didpn BOM yg akan meledak komandan, mohon
    instruksi - Ganti”

    ”Tolong bersihkan area dulu sersan !” | ”Maksudnya, saya nyapu dan ngepel
    dulu ya komandan? Mohon insruksi ! Ganti ”

    ”Bukaaan ! Semprul km ! Ambil radius beberapa mt dr pusat BOM lalu bersihkan area
    tsb dr obyek yg bs membahayakan” | ”Siap
    Komandan !! ”

    *tak brp lama* ”Lapor Komandan, area sdh dibersihkan. Ganti” | ”Oke, skrg km
    fokus ke BOM !! Brp menit waktu yg tersisa
    sersan ?”

    ”Skrg menunjukan hitungan mundur 15:00:56 komandan !!” | ”Berarti km masih punya waktu 15 menit, Cepat buka tutup
    BOMnya pake obeng !”

    ”Kalo saya buka nanti garansinya batal donk komandan?” | ”SEMPRUL KAMU !!
    Emank barang elektronik pake garansi? Cepat
    Bongkar !!” | ”SIAP”

    ”BOM sdh terbuka komandan sekarang ada bnyk kabel, mohon instruksi Ganti”|
    ”Skrg potong kabel yg terdekat ” | ”Siap,
    Laksana...!”*prettt*

    Tiba2 pembicaraan terpotong, kondisi markas Heboh dan komandanpun marah
    marah sambil memaki kebodohan si sersan.

    ”Itu prajurit dr mana sih? Goblok dihabisin sendiri. Saya suruh potong kabel di BOM
    itu, bukan kabel hedset yg nempel di badan dia !!
    ”

    Lalu operator mengaktifkan komunikasi cadangan , begitu nyala terdengar suara
    ”kemana-kemana-kemana” ternyata lagunya
    ayu tingting !!

    Komandan dan anak buahnya di markas mendengarkan dgn geram. Akhirnya stelah
    10detik SERSAN mengangkat jg dgn santai

    ”Panggilan dicopy, siap menerima instruksi ” | ”HEHH !! Itu tadi kamu apaan? Saya
    panggil kok ada suara musik seperti itu HAHH ??

    ”Itu namanya RBT komandan, skrg kan udah biasa” | ” ini jalur militer sersan !!
    jgn main2 kalo berhadapan dgn BOM, MENGERTI?” |
    ”SIAP”

    Dimarkas, komandan liat buku nyari data tentang BOM jenis apa itu "Sersan ! Tlg
    dicari dr mn asalnya yg tadi ! Saya tunggu
    datanya !! "

    "Asalnya dr Depok komandan, nama penyanyinya Ayu Tingting " | "Arghh... Saya
    minta data BOMnya bukan RBT yg tadi" | "Oh maap
    komandan "

    "BOM sudah dilokalisir, ada 4 kabel, minta instruksi" | " skrg potong kabel hijau " |
    "siap" | "bgmn sersan? Sdh mati? " | " belum "

    "Tadi km ptong kabel warna apa?" | "Hijau komandan" | "ap gk salah potong km?" |"sumpah tadi sy ptong yg ijo, mungkin komandan yg salah"

    " Monyong, udah salah pake ngeyel. Skrg tinggal kabel warna apa aj?" | "Merah, Hitam dan Hijau" | " HAH ! Knp yg hijau masih ada?"

    "Lah, yg hijau memang ada 2 komandan 1 hijau daun & 1 lg hijau langit" | " o_0
    NGACO !! Langit itu biru bkn hijau | tp dikampung
    saya ijo

    "KOPLAK !! Berarti yg km potong tadi yg ijo langit?" | " ya komandan, siap menerima
    instruksi " | " Dasar GOBLOK "*sambil geleng2
    kepala"

    Komandan ngomelin ajudannya "Bilangin Personalia, lain kali klo mau rekrut
    anggota tanya dulu apa warna langit
    dikampungnya"

    Terdengar si SERSAN panik "Kondisi darurat ! BOM akan meledak, mohon instruksi" | "
    OK, ikuti kata2 saya " | "SIAP"

    "assyhadualla" | "ASSYHADUALLA" | "illa..." | "ILLA..." *sersan bingung* | "haillallah"| "HAILLALLAH"|"waassyhaduanna"|"WAASSYHADUANNA" | "muhammadarrosullullah" | "MUHAMMADARROSULLULLAH"
    "*tambah bingung*"..?!?!?"

    DUUUAAARRRRR !!! *TAMAT* wkwkwkwkwkwkwk...
    =================================================
    Sore itu ada seorang mbah yang berjalan menuju tokonya Pak Udin hendak membeli sesuatu.

    Si Mbah : "Aku beli sabun deterjen, satu saja yaah...."
    Pak Udin : "Buat apa, Mbah ? Tumben mencuci baju..."
    Si Mbah : "Enggak!..Ini loh kucingku kena lumpur terus ini mau aku cuci biar bersih lagi."
    Pak Udin : "Owalah mbah, mbah ini kok aneh-aneh aja, kucingnya nanti mati loh. Kucing kok dicuci pakai deterjen"

    Dinasehati oleh Pak Udin, si Mbah rupanya tetep ingin beli deterjen itu. Pak Udin akhirnya juga tetap melayani permintaan si mbah untuk beli deterjen.

    Esok harinya, si mbah datang ke tokonya Pak Udin.
    Pak Udin : "Bagaimana kabar kucingnya mbah ?"
    Si Mbah : "Kucingku mati"
    Pak Udin : "Lhaaa benar khan ? kemaren di nasehati mbah tidak percaya, kucing itu tidak bisa dicuci pakai deterjen"
    Si Mbah : "Kucingku mati bukan karena aku cuci pakai deterjen. Setelah aku cuci dengan deterjen kucingku masih hidup kok"
    Pak Udin : "Terus matinya karena apa, mbah"
    Si Mbah : "Setelah dicuci, Aku peraaas.... Terus kujemur, eh mati"
    Pak Udin: @#%*&@#$^^
    ========================================================

    Kepintaran seorang JONY

    Polisi : Gimana kejadiannya, kamu menabrak 50 orang dalam suatu kecelakaan mobil!?
    Jony : waktu ngendarain mobil, kecepatannya 95 km/jam. Waktu di pertigaan, baru nyadar kalo remnya blong, dibelokan kiri ada dua orang pria, sedangkan dikanan ada pesta ulang taun manula. Kalo bapak milih yang mana?
    Polisi : mendingan ke kiri, korbannya bakalan lebih sedikit.
    Jony : iya, saya juga mikir gitu pak!
    Polisi : tapi kenapa orang yang sedang ngerayain ultah kena juga?
    Jony : nah, masalahnya kan tadi saya milih nabrak dua orang pria yang dikiri. Eh, yang ketabrak cuman seorang, seorang lagi lari ke pesta ultah yang ada dikanan, ya udah..saya kejar sampe ke pesta ultah pak!
    Polisi : :Huuuuhhhh Dasarrrrr Somplaxxxx
    ========================================================
    Oke, cukup sampai di sini Koleksi Kata-Kata Lucu dan Gokilnya. Kapan2 diupdate lagi kalau nemu yang baru.
              Lassa fever carried back to Sweden        

    A 73-year-old woman returning from travels in several African countries has been diagnosed with Lassa fever.

    Lassa fever is a virus endemic to Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Sierra Leone and Nigeria, which features symptoms such as fever, chills, joint pain, headache and diarrhea.

    The case was confirmed by the Public Health Agency of Sweden after testing, and was subsequently reported to the World Health Organization (WHO) by the National IHR Focal Point for Sweden.

    The woman returned to Sweden in early March after several weeks of travel in Liberia, Monrovia, Yekeba and other African locations. Officials said that, in Liberia, the woman was exposed to rodents, who are the most common vectors for the virus.

    Approximately 1 percent of people who contract Lassa fever die.

    WHO officials said they are following up with 74 contacts who may have been in a position to contract the virus from the woman, who was placed in isolation.


              Ikona za hubičku: Jazz Bass od Vintage        

    Málokterý muzikant dokáže překonat takový ten pocit nadřazenosti nad levnými nástroji. Jak by mohla tahle napodobenina hrát stejně jako náš profi nástroj za troj-, čtyř-, x-násobek, že ano... Ale plošně odsuzovat nástroje kvůli ceně se nevyplácí. Typickým příkladem toho je i objekt této recenze: Vintage ICON.

    Česky

                      

    KAWRUH KEJAWEN

    Banyak hal yang bisa kita ambil dari filosofi wayang. Secara tersirat empat sosok Punakawan memiliki arti filosofis yang tinggi. Dalam berbagai cerita di wayang, Punakawan adalah merupakan empat sosok yang memiliki kesetiaan tinggi pada Bendaranya (tuannya). Mereka selalu mengawal kemana pun tuannya pergi.

    Sebelum kita membahas mengenai sosok Punakawan, terlebih dulu kita kupas arti dari Punakawan. Kata Punakawan juga bisa disebut Panakawan. Panakawan terdiri dari kata Pana = Memahami; Kawan: Teman. Teman dalam hal ini yang dimaksud adalah teman hidup yang senantiasa mendampingi kita. Secara tersirat, keempat sosok Punakawan itu merupakan gambaran dari pemahaman Kawruh Kejawen, Sedulur Papat, Lima Pancer. 


    Keempat sosok Punakawan tersebut sangat terkenal, mereka antara lain Semar, Gareng, Petruk dan Bagong. Mereka digambarkan sangat setia mengawal kemana pun ksatria yang menjadi tuannya pergi. Tuan dari Panakawan yang sering dikawal adalah Arjuna. Umumnya, para Panakawan mengiringi kemana pun Arjuna pergi untuk melakukan tapa brata.


    Pertanyaan yang muncul, jika Punakawan/Panakawan digambarkan sebagai Sedulur Papat, lalu siapa makna filosofis bagi ksatria (Arjuna) yang dikawal Punakawan itu? Simbolisasi ksatria adalah diri manusia itu sendiri yang juga disebut Pancer.


    Posisi pancer berada di tengah, diapit oleh dua saudara tua (kakang mbarep, kakang kawah) dan dua saudara muda (adi ari-ari dan adi wuragil). Ngelmu sedulur papat lima pancer lahir dari konsep penyadaran akan awal mula manusia diciptakan dan tujuan akhir hidup manusia (sangkan paraning dumadi). Awal mula manusia hidup diawali dari saat-saat menjelang kelahiran. Sebelum sang bayi (pancer) lahir dari rahim ibu, yang muncul pertama kali adalah rasa cemas si ibu. Rasa cemas itu dinamakan Kakang mbarep. Kemudian pada saat menjelang bayi itu lahir, keluarlah cairan bening atau banyu kawah sebagai pelicin untuk melindungi si bayi, agar proses kelahiran lancar dan kulit bayi yang lembut tidak lecet atau terluka. Banyu kawah itu disebut Kakang kawah.


    Setelah bayi lahir akan disusul dengan keluarnya ari-ari dan darah. Ari-ari disebut Adi ari-ari dan darah disebut Adi wuragil. Ngelmu sedulur papat lima pancer memberi tekanan bahwa, manusia dilahirkan ke dunia ini tidak sendirian. Ada empat saudara yang mendampingi. Seperti halnya pada agama Islam yang juga dinyatakan di Al Qur'an bahwa "Pada setiap manusia ada penjaga-penjaganya".


    Pancer adalah suksma sejati dan sedulur papat adalah raga sejati. Bersatunya suksma sejati dan raga sejati melahirkan sebuah kehidupan. Hubungan antara pancer dan sedulur papat dalam kehidupan, digambarkan dengan seorang sais yang mengendalikan sebuah kereta, ditarik oleh empat ekor kuda, yang berwarna merah, hitam, kuning dan putih. Sais kereta melambangkan kebebasan untuk memutuskan dan berbuat sesuatu. Kuda merah melambangkan energi, semangat, kuda hitam melambangkan kebutuhan biologis, kuda kuning melambangkan kebutuhan rohani dan kuda putih melambangkan keheningan, kesucian. Sebagai sais, tentunya tidak mudah mengendalikan empat kuda yang saling berbeda sifat dan kebutuhannya. Jika sang sais mampu mengendalikan dan bekerjasama dengan ke empat ekor kudanya dengan baik dan seimbang, maka kereta akan berjalan lancar sampai ke tujuan akhir, Paraning Dumadi.


    Dhandhanggula


    1.
    Ana kidung akadang premati, among tuwuh ing kawastanira, nganakaken saciptane, kakang kawah puniku, kang rumeksa ing awak mami, anekakaken sedya, pan kuwasanipun, adhi ari-ari ika, kang mayungi ing laku kuwasaneki, ngenakaken pengarah.

    2.
    Ponang getih ing rahina wengi, angrowangi Allah kang kuwasa andadekaken karsane, puser kuwasanipun, nguyu-uyu sembawa mami, nuruti ing panendha, kuwasanireku, jangkep kadangingsun papat, kalimane pancer wus sawiji, nunggul sawujud ingwang. 

    3.
    Yeku kadangingsun kang umijil, saking margaina sareng samya sadina awor enggone, sekawan kadangingsun, dadiya makdumsarpin sira, wawayangan ing dat reke dadiya kanthi, saparan datan pisah. 

    Letak 'Pandawa Lima' dan 'Kurawa' di Tubuh Manusia

    AJARAN Kejawen sangat sarat dengan sanepo/sanepan/perumpamaan dan juga filosofi. Setidaknya orang Jawa mesti memahami beberapa cerita wayang baik wayang kulit maupun wayang purwa. Dari kata-kata wayang saja, orang Jawa seharusnya sudah memahaminya karena wayang bermakna "wewayangan" /"ayang-ayang" (bayang-bayang). Bayangan siapa? Ya bayangan kehidupan seluruh manusia di dunia ini.

    Dalam wayang terdapat beberapa filosofi seperti Pandawa yang juga sering disebut Pandawa Lima karena jumlahnya lima orang yang terdiri dari 1. Yudhistira; 2. Bima/Sena/Werkudara; 3. Arjuna/Janaka; 4. Nakula dan 5. Sadewa (Nakula dan Sadewa) disebut merupakan saudara kembar. Pandawa lima merupakan sosok penjelmaan dewa.

    Disamping sosok yang berjiwa ksatrian dan merupakan penjelmaan dewa, terdapat pula filosofi sosok yang melambangkan angkara murka yang digambarkan lewat 100 sosok Kurawa/Korawa. Ke 100 sosok Kurawa tersebut antara lain 1. Duryodana (Suyodana); 2.Dursasana (Duhsasana); 3. Abaswa; 4. Adityaketu; 5. Alobha; 6. Anadhresya (Hanyadresya); 7. Anudhara (Hanudhara); 8. Anuradha; 9. Anuwinda (Anuwenda); 10. Aparajita; 11. Aswaketu; 12. Bahwasi (Balaki); 13. Balawardana; 14. Bhagadatta (Bogadenta); 15.Bima; 16. Bimabala; 17. Bimadewa; 18.Bimarata (Bimaratha); 19. Carucitra; 20. Citradharma; 21. Citrakala; 22. Citraksa; 23. Citrakunda; 24. Citralaksya; 25. Citrangga; 26. Citrasanda; 27. Citrasraya; 28. Citrawarman; 29. Dharpasandha; 30. Dhreksetra; 31. Dirgaroma; 32. Dirghabahu; 33. Dirghacitra; 34. Dredhahasta; 35. Dredhawarman; 36. Dredhayuda; 37. Dretapara; 38. Duhpradharsana; 39. Duhsa; 40. Duhsah; 41. Durbalaki; 42. Durbharata; 43. Durdharsa; 44. Durmada; 45. Durmarsana; 46. Durmukha; 47. Durwimocana; 48. Duskarna; 49. Dusparajaya; 50. Duspramana; 51. Hayabahu; 52. Jalasandha; 53. Jarasanda; 54. Jayawikata; 55. Kanakadhwaja; 56. Kanakayu; 57.Karna; 58. Kawacin; 59. Krat; 60. Kundabhedi; 61. Kundadhara; 62. Mahabahu; 63. Mahacitra; 64. Nandaka; 65. Pandikunda; 66. Prabhata; 67; Pramathi; 68. Rodrakarma (Rudrakarman); 69. Sala; 70. Sama; 71. Satwa; 72. Satyasanda; 73. Senani; 74. Sokarti; 75. Subahu; 76; Sudatra; 77. Suddha (Korawa); 78. Sugrama; 79. Suhasta; 80. Sukasananda; 81. Sulokacitra; 82. Surasakti; 83. Tandasraya; 84. Ugra; 85. Ugrasena; 86. Ugrasrayi; 87. Ugrayudha; 88. Upacitra; 89. Upanandaka; 90. Urnanaba; 91. Wedha; 92. Wicitrihatana; 93.Wikala; 94. Wikatanana; 95. Winda; 96. Wirabahu; 97. Wirada; 98. Wisakti; 99. Wiwitsu (Yuyutsu); dan 100. Wyudoru (Wiyudarus).

    Sejatinya, filosofi sosok Pandawa Lima dan Kurawa yang sangat berlawanan itu bukan hanya cerita semata. Semua itu ada dalam tubuh setiap manusia.

    Filosofi Pandawa Lima dalam tubuh setiap manusia yakni

    1. Yudhistira (Lokasi perumpamaan Yudhistira di tubuh manusia adalah di OTAK)
    Yudhistira merupakan saudara Pandawa yang paling tua dan penjelmaan dewa Yama. Sifatnya sangat bijaksana, memiliki moral yang sangat tinggi, suka memaafkan dan mengampuni musuh yang sudah menyerah.

    FILOSOFI: Jika manusia ingin mulia dalam hidupnya, maka pergunakanlah otak secara bijaksana dan tidak mengumbar ambisi untuk meraihnya, melainkan mengutamakan strategi untuk meraih kemuliaan hidup di dunia.

    2. Bima/Sena/Werkudara (Lokasi perumpamaan Bima/Sena/Werkudara di tubuh manusia adalah pada MATA)

    Bima merupakan putra kedua yang merupakan penjelmaan dari dewa Bayu sehingga sering dijuluki Bayusutha. Tubuhnya tinggi, dan berwajah paling sangar diantara saudara-saudaranya. Meskipun demikian, ia memiliki hati yang baik. Lantaran kekuatannya, Bima sangat ditakuti oleh sosok Kurawa dan musuh-musuhnya.

    FILOSOFI: Satu hal yang membuat manusia ditakuti adalah matanya. Ketika manusia marah dan matanya melotot, maka orang lain pun akan sedikit gemetar melihat sorot matanya.

    3. Arjuna/Janaka (Lokasi perumpamaan Arjuna/Janaka di tubuh manusia adalah pada HATI KECIL/HATI NURANI)

    Arjuna merupakan penjelmaan dewa Indra yang juga dewa perang. Sifat utama dari Arjuna adalah sering bertapa, mendekatkan diri pada Sang Pencipta dan tidak pernah berbohong.

    FILOSOFI: Kegemarannya bertapa membuat Arjuna sangat dekat dengan SANG PENCIPTA. Manusia yang sering mendengarkan hati kecilnya (nurani) maka ia cenderung memiliki keinginan mendekatkan diri pada GUSTI ALLAH. 

    4-5 Nakula dan Sadewa (Lokasi perumpaan Nakula dan Sadewa di tubuh manusia adalah pada BUAH PELER KEMALUAN yang kembar).

    Baik Nakula dan Sadewa adalah penjelmaan dewa Aswin yang merupakan dewa pengobatan. Keduanya memiliki sifat bijaksana dan senang melayani.

    FILOSOFI: Manusia hendaknya bijaksana dalam menggunakan alat kelaminnya (tidak gonta-ganti pasangan). Dan memiliki kesetiaan untuk melayani pasangan hidupnya. 

    Itulah sanepan/perumpaan lokasi Pandawa Lima di tubuh anak Adam. Lha terus dimanakah sanepan atau perumpamaan untuk Kurawa di tubuh manusia?

    Sanepan/perumpamaan dan filosofi seratus sosok Kurawa itu ternyata berlokasi di hati besar manusia. Seperti telah dijelaskan sebelumnya, manusia itu memiliki 2 hati yaitu hati besar dan kecil (hati nurani). Kedua hati itu memiliki kecenderungan yang sangat bertolak belakang. Hati besar senantiasa dipenuhi dengan sifat buruk, iri, dengki, ambisi, nafsu berbuat kejahatan dll. Sementara hati nurani cenderung mengajak untuk berbuat kebajikan, suka perdamaian, manembah pada GUSTI ALLAH dan menolong sesama.

    Setiap hari dalam kehidupan sehari-hari di tubuh manusia, hati besar dan hati kecil (nurani) senantiasa berperang. Hati besar (yang dikuasai 100 sosok Kurawa yang penuh hawa nafsu itu) berperang melawan hati nurani (yang hanya terdapat Arjuna saja). Pertanyaannya, Bagaimana seorang Arjuna dapat mengalahkan 100 sosok Kurawa? Hal itulah yang membuat manusia cenderung untuk lebih mendengarkan hati besarnya daripada hati kecil (nuraninya). Namun satu hal yang perlu dicatat, meskipun hanya seorang diri dimana Arjuna harus melawan 100 sosok Kurawa, namun Arjuna bisa meraih kemenangan. Caranya, semuanya tergantung manusia itu sendiri untuk lebih mendengarkan suara 'Arjuna' di hati kecil (nurani) dan mengabaikan suara hati besar.
     

    Hukum Karma, Ngunduh Wohing Pakarti

    Hidup di dunia ini sama juga dengan hidup bermasyarakat. Hidup bermasyarakat itu diatur oleh aturan-aturan yang sudah ditetapkan dan tertulis, maupun aturan yang tidak tertulis. Aturan yang ditetapkan itu contohnya seperti undang-undang yang tertulis. Begitu juga dengan agama merupakan aturan kehidupan bermasyarakat untuk menjadi lebih baik dan tenteram.

    Dalam hidup di dunia ini banyak hukum yang kita kenal. Contohnya, hukum pidana, hukum perdata yang semuanya termasuk dalam hukum di pengadilan. Ada lagi hukum-hukum pernikahan, hukum adat, hukum tata negara dan lain-lainnya. Dengan kata lain, banyak hukum yang ada di sekeliling manusia. Semua hukum tersebut ditetapkan bertujuan untuk mengatur kehidupan manusia.

    Dari semua hukum yang kita kenal itu, rata-rata seluruhnya bisa kita 'akali'. Maksud dari kata 'akali' tersebut adalah bisa dirubah oleh manusia yang bersangkutan. Contoh, hukum pidana, ketika seseorang dihukum 10 tahun penjara karena berbuat pidana, maka dengan duit (sogokan) maka seseorang hanya bisa dihukum hanya menjadi 2 tahun saja. Demikian juga dengan hukum-hukum lainnya semuanya bisa dinegosiasi dan dibicarakan sehingga lebih ringan dan lebih mudah.

    Tapi dari sekian banyak hukum yang ada itu, ada satu hukum yang tidak bisa ditawar-tawar lagi dan pasti berlaku bagi umat manusia di dunia. Hukum itu disebut hukum karma. Hukum karma tidak bisa disogok oleh duit seperti halnya hukum-hukum lainnya. Hukum Karma adalah hak prerogatif GUSTI ALLAH pada setiap manusia yang hidup di dunia.

    Orang Jawa mengenal betul kata-kata "Ngunduh Wohing Pakarti". Kata-kata itu memiliki arti yang luas. Tetapi jika disempitkan, maka arti dari kata-kata itu adalah "setiap perbuatan manusia di dunia akan menuai hasilnya".

    Ada seorang teman berkata,"Lho nanti semua pembalasan itu kan akan dilakukan GUSTI ALLAH ketika manusia itu sudah mati?" Oh....tidak! pembalasan GUSTI ALLAH itu tidak akan menunggu manusia mati, baru dibalas. Di dunia ini pun GUSTI ALLAH akan membalasnya.

    Contoh, jika kita sering merasa iba pada orang yang tak punya dan sering memberi makan mereka, suatu saat ketika kita tidak punya, maka GUSTI ALLAH akan membalasnya dan tiba-tiba kita diberi makan orang. Tetapi sebaliknya, jika kita suka memukul orang, maka GUSTI ALLAH akan membalasnya langsung di dunia dan tiba-tiba kita dipukul orang.

    Dari hukum karma itulah, GUSTI ALLAH ingin menunjukkan pada umat manusia di dunia ini bahwa GUSTI ALLAH memiliki hukum yang seadil-adilnya yang tidak dapat disogok oleh duit dan harta kekayaan yang ada.

              Ganggang Kristal Jepang        

    Apa itu Kristal Algae Jepang/Algae Kristal/Water Kefir/ Japanische Kristallalgen/Japanese Crystal Algae
    Mau memiliki badan sehat dan umur panjang sekaligus penghasilan tambahan “kristal algae jepang” salah satu jawabannya. Kristal algae jepang sebagai penghasil water kefir ini hidup dan berasal dari Pegunungan Kaukasus Georgia, kristal algae jepang juga sebagai penghasil O2, besar sekali manfaat yang bisa kita peroleh dari kristal algae jepang ini. Penduduk di Kaukasus mengetahui keampuhan dari kristal algae jepang ini dan sudah meminum air rendaman dari kristal algae jepang dari masa kanak-kanak, maka dari itu di tempat kristal algae jepang ini tumbuh penduduknya dapat berumur panjang, bisa mencapai umur 110 tahun. Di sini adalah satu-satunya tempat di dunia di mana penduduknya bisa mencapai usia lanjut dengan tubuh yang benar-benar sehat ( menurut nara sumber tak dikenal, di Toscana / Italia juga ada satu daerah yang penduduknya dikenal hidup sehat sampai uzur ).

    Manfaat / Khasiat /Kegunaan dari kristal algae jepang ini adalah :

    Kristal algae Jepang ini sudah diteliti oleh Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia ( LIPI ) klik disini! dan Prof. Merile. Menurut peneliti Prof. Merile , yang sepanjang hidupnya meriset tentang kristal algae jepang penghasil water kefir ini, bahwa di daerah yang disebut di atas tidak dikenal penyakit seperti TBC, Kanker, sakit maag dll. Di Jerman Dr. Dressen sudah menangani kristal algae jenis ini sejak Perang Dunia I. Kristal algae jepang ini dapat menyembuhkan asma, masalah-masalah pernafasan, penyakit liver, gangguan empedu, penyakit kantung kemih, meningkatkan gairah sex dan sebagian besar penyakit-penyakit parah.
    Khasiat lain dari kristal algae jepang ini:
    Penyakit syaraf, benjolan-benjolan di dalam tubuh, bronchitis, saemtlichen sideroblasten (keime, bahasa jerman), serangan jantung, empedu, liver, infeksi ginjal, sakit kuning, penyakit usus, buang air besar, susah BAB, kurang darah, penyakit luar & eksim. Yang terpenting kristal algae jepang ini menghilangkan kebusukan-kebusukan dalam usus, bisa menyembuhkannya dan itu membuat orang bisa sehat dan panjang umur. Jika perawatan penyembuhan sudah selesai, kristal algae jepang ini tetap dipelihara seperti ditulis di bawah. Jika sudah tidak mau diminum, air kristal algae jepang bisa dibuang atau digunakan untuk mencuci muka.
    Kandungan apa saja yang ada di dalam kristal algae jepang?
    Water kefir hasil dari rendaman kristal algae jepang ini merupakan simbiosis kompleks antara bakteri dan ragi (yeast) dari Lactobacilli (Lb. Galactose, Lb. brevis, Lb. casei subsp. Casei, Lb. paracasei subsp. Paracasei, Lb. casei subsp. Ramos, Lb. casei subsp. tolerant, Lb. coraciiform subsp. torque ns, Lb. fructose, Lb. hilarities, Lb. homophobia, Lb. planta-rum, Lb. pseudo plantarum, Lb. admonishes) dan Streptococci/lactococci (Streptococcus cremeris, Str. Faecalis, Str. Lactis, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Pediococcus damnosus) serta Yeasts (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, S. florentinus, S. pretoriensis, Candida valida, Candida lambica, Kloeckera apiculata, Hansenula yalbensis).
    Cara Penggunaan kristal algae jepang ini
    1. Syaraf : 1 liter/hari
    2. Abcess dalam maag : 1 liter/hari ( abcess dalam maag hilang dalam 2 minggu )
    3. Ashma dan bronchitis : 1 liter/hari ( untuk ashma butuh waktu agak lama )
    4. Kurang darah/masalah sel-sel darah :1 liter/hari ( 2 liter untuk yang sudah parah )
    5. Masalah kulit / eksim : 1 liter/hari ( oleskan langsung algae-nya lalu keringkan, muka dan tangan dicuci dengan air. Dalam waktu 1-2 minggu eksim sembuh. Juga untuk yang sudah parah.
    6. Jika diminum tiap hari sebanyak 1 liter maka dapat menormalkan tekanan darah tinggi.
    7. Kemungkinan dipergunakan juga untuk penyakit syaraf, benjolan-benjolan di dalam tubuh, bronchitis, samtlichen sideroblasten ( kelme ), serangan jantung, empedu, lever, infeksi ginjal, sakit kuning, penyakit usus, buang-buang air, susah BAB, kurang darah, penyakit luar dan eksim.
    8. Air kristal algae jepang / air kefir yang sudah difermentasi selama 24 jam dapat menekan pertumbuhan sel kanker karena adanya bakteri Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lb kefiri, Lb kefirgranum, Lb parakefir, Lb delbrueckii supbsp. bulgaricus, Lb fructivorans, Lb kefiranofaciens, dan Lactococci. Bakteri-bakteri tersebut bersama dengan khamir (ragi) bekerjasama secara simbiosis. Bakteri asam laktat tersebut menghasilkan asam laktat yang merangsang pertumbuhan khamir. Sementara khamir menghasilakan factor pendukung pertumbuhan bakteri asam laktat. Polisakarida larut air kristal algae jepang yang disebut kefiran dihasilkan bakteri asam laktat. Kefiran inilah yang berperan dalam meningkatkan pembentukan system imun dalam tubuh.
    Cara memelihara kristal algae jepang ini :
    1. Taruhlah sekitar 3 sendok teh kristal algae jepang dalam wadah ( semisal teko / moci ) plastik dan masukan ke dalam lemari es jangan letakan di bagian yang beku. Beri 1 Liter air minum, 2 sendok teh gula pasir dan 7 buah kismis kering yang telah dicuci dan tidak mengandung belerang/sulfur, diamkan semalam.
    2. Keesokan harinya tuang air rendaman kristal algae jepang itu kedalam botol plastik / gelas. Saring dengan saringan plastik agar kristal algae jepang-nya terjaring, cuci dengan air minum dan masukkan lagi kedalam wadahnya yang sudah dicuci bersih.
    3. Beri lagi 2 sendok teh gula pasir dengan 7 kismis yang kemarin. Tambahkan 1 Liter air minum yang baru, lalu simpan lagi . . . begitu seterusnya. Saran : ketika mengganti air, masukkan juga beberapa tetes air rendaman kristal algae jepang yang sudah siap untuk diminum.
    4. Air kristal algae jepang yang sudah dituang dalam botol/gelas siap diminum sebagai obat.
    5. Gantilah kismis kering seminggu sekali.
    6. Tanpa pemberian gula pasir dan kismis serta pemakaian wadah dari metal dapat membuat kristal algae jepang-nya mati.
    Yang Perlu Diperhatikan :
    1. Ketika mengganti air baru, masukkan juga beberapa tetes air kristal algae jepang yang sudah siap untuk diminum
    2. Kismis keringnya diganti 1 minggu sekali
    3. Tanpa gula pasir dan kismis serta pemakaian wadah metal dapat membuat kristal algae jepang-nya mati
    4. Bagi penderita Maag usahakan diminum setelah makan, karena rasa air kristal algae jepang agak asam
    5. Kristal algae jepang bukan segala-galanya, kristal algae jepang hanya salah satu bentuk usaha Kita dalam membantu menyembuhkan penyakit. Untuk itu Yakinlah dan Berdoalah sebelum minum kristal algae jepang ini, mintalah kepada Tuhan untuk menyembuhkan penyakit yang Kita derita melalui usaha kita ini. Semoga semua penyakit akan sembuh atas ijin Tuhan YME, Amin.
    Bagaimana rasa water kefir (air rendaman kristal algae jepang) ini?
    kristal algae jepang(biji kefir) mempunyai dua wujud, yang pertama berwarna putih keruh dan yang kedua berwarna bening, Water Kefir (hasil fermentasi kristal algae jepang di air/ berwarna bening) mempunyai rasa masam dan sedikit beralkohol (seperti tuak, atau air buah siwalan atau legen). Sedangakn Milk Kefir (hasil fermentasi kristal algae jepang di susu) berasa seperti yogurt. Jika didiamkan semalam, rasanya seperti air kelapa muda (degan).
    Jika didiamkan > 24 jam, rasanya seperti air buah siwalan atau legen ataupun toak ( Tidak Disarankan ).
    water kefir / Air kristal algae jepang mengandung konsentrasi alkohol antara 0,5% sampai 3% tergantung lamanya proses fermentasi. Untuk menghindari kandungan alkohol yang tinggi disarankan untuk mengurangi masa fermentasinya, yaitu kurang dari 24 jam dan toples sebaiknya tutupnya dilonggarkan agar gas hasil fermentasinya bisa keluar sehingga bisa mengurangi kandungan alkoholnya. Juga disarankan untuk tidak menggoyang-goyang/mengocok toples karena bisa meningkatkan kandungan alkohol. Tidak disarankan bagi wanita hamil.
    Pengalaman & Kesan – Kesan :
    kristal algae jepang bisa juga didiamkan diluar lemari es dengan terlebih dahulu toplesnya dibungkus dengan kresek hitam supaya tidak terlalu panas, usahakan agar di malam sampai pagi hari kristal algae jepang diletakan di luar rumah agar kristal algae jepang dapat tetap tumbuh dan berkembang.
    Anda tidak perlu kuatir karena kristal algae jepang ini penghasil O2 jadi dia akan tahan dalam wadah tertutup.
              Kwanzaa Flag Decoration        
    Kwanzaa Flag Decorationfenadminuser Tue, 12/05/2006 - 14:33

    Kwanzaa Flag Decoration

    Materials
    • Construction paper in red, green, blue, yellow and white
    • Scissors
    • Thin ribbon or yarn
    • Glue
    • Black marker

     

     

    Directions

    The Flag of Gabon:

    1. Cut a rectangle from the green construction paper, measuring about 3" x 6".
    2. Cut bands from the blue and yellow paper, measuring about 2" x 6".
    3. Paste the strips horizontally across the green rectangle, starting at the bottom with the blue.
    4. Paste the yellow directly above the blue strip, so that you are left with three bands of equal size running horizontally across the flag: green on top, yellow in the center, and blue on the bottom.

    The Flag of Ghana:
    1. Cut a rectangle from the green construction paper, measuring about 3" x 6".
    2. Cut bands from the red and yellow paper, measuring about 2" x 6".
    3. Paste the strips horizontally across the green rectangle, starting at the top with the red.
    4. Paste the yellow directly below, so that you are left with three bands of equal size running horizontally across the flag: red on top, yellow in the center, and green on the bottom.
    5. Use the black marker to draw a five-point star in the center of the yellow band.

    The Flag of Benin:
    1. Cut a rectangle from the green construction paper, measuring about 3" x 6".
    2. Cut bands from the red and yellow paper, measuring about 1½" x 5".
    3. Glue the yellow strip to the top right of the green rectangle.
    4. Paste the red band at the bottom right of the rectangle so you are left with a green vertical band on the left, and yellow and red horizontal bands of equal size.

    The Flag of Nigeria:
    1. Cut a rectangle from the green construction paper, measuring about 3" x 6".
    2. Cut a strip from the white paper, measuring 2" x 3".
    3. Paste the white strip directly in the center of the green rectangle so that it runs vertically.

    Paste the ribbon or yarn behind each flag, so that they are strung together. Hang your flag decoration and enjoy! For added fun, research other flags of Africaand include them in your wall decoration!

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              Benin, quando la cucina unisce        
    di Sara Scullari, Servizio Civile CISV in Benin. Oggi voglio raccontarvi una delle realtà in cui mi trovo impegnata un paio di giorni alla settimana: il Foyer Laura Vicuña inserito all’ interno del Centro IFMA (Institut des Filles de Marie Auxiliatrice) delle suore Salesiane, partner CISV in Benin. La parola Foyer tradotta dal francese indica […]
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 01-26-2017         
    Playlist:

    Pastor T L Barrett And The Youth For Christ Choir- Nobody Knows - Like A ShipWithout A Sail
    Timothy McNealy- K C Stomp - Sagittarius Black Collection
    William Onyeabor- When The Going Is Smooth Good - Anything You Sow
    Tom Tom Club- Genius Of Love - Tom Tom Club
    Lokonon Andre Les Volcans- Mi Kple Dogbekpo - African Scream Contest Raw Psychedelic Afro Sounds From Benin Togo 70s
    Franco- Bayini Ngai Mpo Na Yo - Roots Of OK Jazz Congo Classics 19551956
    Dessoin- Wapi Yo - Roots Of OK Jazz Congo Classics 19551956
    Thee Hypnotics- Shakedown - Soul Glitter Sin Remastered
    Headgirl- Please Dont Touch - The Collection
    Dead Kennedys- Kill The Poor - Fresh Fruit For Rotting Vegetables
    Flipper- Exist Or Else - American Grafishy
    Dave Berry- Dont Gimme No Lip Child - The Collection
    Hole- Violet - Live Through This
    Yeah Yeah Yeahs- Tick - Fever To Tell Show Your Bones
    The Slits- Typical Girls - Cut
    The Coathangers- Down Down - Nosebleed Weekend
    Ex Hex- New Kid - Rips
    XRay Spex- Oh Bondage Up Yours - Germ Free Adolescents Deluxe Edition
    Bags- Survive - Dangerhouse Volume 1
    Bush Tetras- Too Many Creeps - Boom In The Night
    The Brat- Attitude - The Brat
    Vivien Goldman- Private Armies - Resolutionary Songs 19791982
    The Raincoats- No Ones Little Girl - The Kitchen Tapes
    Merry Clayton- Gimmer Shelter - Gimmer Shelter
    Aretha Franklin- Think - 30 Greatest Hits
    Marlena Shaw- Woman Of The Ghetto - The Spice Of Life
    Alice Coltrane- I Want To See You - Monastic Trio
    Emahoy TsegueMaryam Guebrou- The Song Of The Sea - Emahoy Tseguemaryam Guebrou
    Minnie Ripperton- Les Fleur - Minnie Ripperton Legends
    Various Artists- Argo Gospel Singers Whisper A Prayer - In The Spirit
    Lady Wray- Underneath My Feet - Queen Alone
    Angel Olsen- Pops - My Woman
    Thelma Houston- Dont Leave Me This Way - Disco Gold
    Explosions- Hip Drop Pt 1 - Funky Funky New Orleans 3
    Evelyn Champagne King- Shame - Platinum Gold Collection Evelyn Champagne King
    Twilight 22- Electric Kingdom - Twilight 22
    Newcleus- Computer Age Push The Button - Destination Earth The Definitive Newcleus Recordings


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/50/playlistDate/2017-01-26
              Aşk mı, intikam ateşi mi?        
    Nedir bu elinden çektiğim gönül. Bul artık toprağına yaraşır gül. Çekilecek kahırda değil beninkisi İki gün sevin, on gün üzül. Pek çok yoruldum...
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 06-27-2014 with 99 & Barry        
    Playlist:

    - Wheres Garvey - Studio One Ska Fever
    Papaya Republik- Cumbia Del Pescaito - Papaya Republik Volumen 1
    Henry Mancini- Touch Of Evil - The Big Latin Band Of Henry Mancini
    Rat City Brass- Third Man Theme - Live At KEXP
    The Bran Flakes- Stumble Out Of Bed - I Have Hands
    Felix Kubin Coolhaven- There Is A Garden - Suppe Fr Die Nacht
    Bruno Speorri- The Silliest Song - Teddy Bar Lilith
    - voicebreak -
    Bryan The Haggards- Fightin Side Of Me - Merles Just Want To Have Fun feat Dr Eugene Chadbourne
    The Ex- Maybe I Was The Pilot - Catch My Shoe
    Bingo Gazingo- Im A Wabbit - Bingo Gazingo
    Pere Ubu- Feuksley Maam The Hearing - Lady From Shanghai
    Cyro Baptista- Bottles - Love The Donkey
    Need New Body- Show Me Your Heart - UFO
    Melt Yourself Down- Tuna - Melt Yourself Down
    - voicebreak -
    Samla Mammas Manna- Dundrets Frjder - Mltid
    The Bombay Royale- Give Me Back My Bunty Bunty - The Island Of Dr Electrico
    The Ed Palermo Big Band- The Black Page 2 - Oh No Not Jazz
    - voicebreak -
    The Phantom- Love Me - The Roots Of The Cramps
    Gabo Brown Orchestre PolyRythmo- Its A Vanity - African Scream Contest Raw Psychedelic Afro Sounds From Benin Togo 70s
    AutorYno- Greifswald - Cosmopolitan Traffic
    Soraia Drummond- Sorriso Forte Na Luta - Daora Underground Sounds Of Urban Brasil HipHop Beats Afro Dub Deluxe Edition
    The Residents- Shortys Lament Intermission - Intermission For The Mole Trilogy EP
    Alexei Lubimov Natalia Pschenitschnikova- Nowth Upon Nacht - John Cage As It Is
    Porest- Composition Of Sheep - Prude Juice For The Heritage Swinger
    - voicebreak -
    John Zorn- The Nameless God - Psychomagia
    Leland- Ive Got Some Happiness - This Is My World
    Meridian Brothers- Escuchen El Grito Del Tigrillo - Devocin Works 20052011
    Survival- Jungle Justice - Simmer Down
    Zafari- Addis Ababa - Beyond Addis Contemporary Jazz Funk Inspired By Ethiopian Sounds From The 70s
    People Like Us- Once A Pun A Time - Dont Think Right Its All Twice
    Finis Africae- Hybla - A Last Discovery The Essential Recordings 1984 20001
    Xiu Xiu- Blood Of The Lamb - Unclouded Sky
    Fela Kuti- Roforofo Fight - The Best Of The Black President


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-06-27
              19.08.17 20:45 Uhr - Nürnberg - Jahrhundertfrauen        
    Tickets erhältlich unter: http://www.frankentipps.de/veranstaltung216127-tickets

    USA 2016, 119 Min, ab 0, Regie: Mike Mills

    mit Annette Bening, Elle Fanning, Greta Gerwig

    Sonne liegt in der Luft, wenn Mike Mills autobiographisch angehauchter Film auf der Leinwand zu sehen ist. Südkalifornien Ende der 70er Jahre: Um mit dem schwieriger werdenden Teenager zurecht zu kommen bittet seine Mutter zwei Frauen aus Jamies Umfeld um Hilfe: Die in der Punkszene beheimatete Fotografin Abbie und Julie, das hübscheste Mädchen an Jamies Schule, das aber nur seine Freundschaft will. Jeder Charakter bringt seine Geschichte mit und trägt somit zu einem berührenden und warmen Film bei.
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 04-08-2014 with Stephen Walter        
    Playlist:

    Group Bombino- Amidinine - Guitars Of Agadez Vol 2
    - voicebreak -
    Cool Ghouls- Queen Sophie - Cool Ghouls
    Them- One Two Brown Eyes - The Story Of Them
    The Strange Boys- Be Brave - Be Brave
    Okkervil River- On A Balcony - The Silver Gymnasium
    David Byrne Brian Eno- Strange Overtones - Everything That Happens Will Happen Today
    Mac Demarco- Passing Out Pieces - Salad Days
    - voicebreak -
    Group Bombino- Imouhare - Guitars From Agadez Vol 2
    Thee Oh Sees- Sweets Helicopter - Floating Coffin
    T Rex- The Motivator - Electric Warrior Remastered
    Gonjasufi- Klowds - A Sufi And A Killer Bonus Track Version
    Funkadelic- Can You Get To That - Maggot Brain
    - voicebreak -
    Sleigh Bells- Rill Rill - Treats
    Sic Alps- Love Is Strange - A Long Way Around To A Shortcut Bonus Track Version
    Thee Headcoatees- Baby Come Closer - Have Love Will Travel
    Woods- Moving To The Left - With Light And With Love
    - voicebreak -
    Sza- Babylon feat Kendrick Lamar - Z
    Son Lux- Easy Switch Screens feat Lorde - Alternate Worlds EP
    POLIA- Smug - Shulamith
    Chad VanGaalen- Freedom For A Policeman - Diaper Island Bonus Track Version
    Black Moth Super Rainbow- Snail Garden - Start A People
    - voicebreak -
    The Clash- Career Opportunities - The Clash
    Courtney Barnett- Avant Gardener - The Double EP A Sea Of Split Peas
    Frank Zappa The Mothers Of Invention- Trouble Everyday - Freak Out
    Junip- Your Life Your Call - Junip
    - voicebreak -
    Dixie Cups- TwoWayPocAWay - New Orleans Funk 3 Soul Jazz Records
    Dr John- Big Shot - Locked Down
    Black Lips- Dandelion Dust - Underneath The Rainbow
    Lokonon Andre Les Volcans- Mi Kple Dogbekpo - African Scream Contest Raw Psychedelic Afro Sounds From Benin Togo 70s
    - voicebreak -
    The Moth The Flame- Winsome - EP
    Captain Beefheart His Magic Band- Plastic Factory - Safe As Milk
    The Kinks- Last Of The SteamPowered Trains - The Kinks Are The Village Green Preservation Society
    - voicebreak -
    AllahLas- Had It All - Had It All Every Girl Single
    Fuzz- Sleigh Ride - Fuzz
    Melodys Echo Chamber- Some Time Alone Alone - Melodys Echo Chamber
    Chain The Gang- Deathbed Confession - Down With Liberty Up With Chains
    - voicebreak -
    Here We Go Magic- How Do I Know - A Different Ship
    Unknown Mortal Orchestra- One At A Time - II
    Rahsaan Roland Kirk- Aint No Sunshine - Blacknuss
    - voicebreak -
    West Water Outlaws- Come On - Real Killer
    Angel Olsen- ForgivenForgotten - Burn Your Fire For No Witness
    Tame Impala- Elephant - Lonerism
    Blackoutbeach- Hornets Fury Into The Bandits Mouth - Blues Trip
    - voicebreak -
    Ty Segall- Drop Out Boogie - Lemons
    Devo- I Cant Get No Satisfaction - Q Are We Not Men A We Are Devo Deluxe Version Remastered
    David Bowie- Queen Bitch - Hunky Dory Remastered
    Flying Lotus- Putty Boy Strut - Until The Quiet Comes
    - voicebreak -


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/20/playlistDate/2014-04-08
              The Afternoon Sound Alternative 02-14-2014 with 99 & Barry        
    Playlist:

    Sun City Girls- Wild World Of Animals - Youre Never Alone With A Cigarette
    Lucky Pineapple- Moonlight Spiderbite - The Bubble Has Burst In Sky City
    PSILOSAMPLES- Meteorango Kid - Daora Underground Sounds Of Urban Brasil HipHop Beats Afro Dub Deluxe Edition
    Mamelo Sound System- Vqv - VelhaGuarda 22
    Guano Padano- El Divino - Guano Padano
    - voicebreak -
    Dina Martina- My Country Valentine - The Dina Martina Holiday Album
    The Ed Palermo Big Band- America Drinks And Goes Home feat Mike James - Oh No Not Jazz
    Sex Mob- Mob Rule 2Little Liza Jane - Sex Mob Meets Medeski Live In Willisau
    Les Claypools Duo De Twang- Red State Girl - Four Foot Shack
    Polyrhythmics- Chingador - Libra Stripes
    The Plates- Ring The Alarm - Punky Reggae
    John Otway- I Am The Walrus - Under The Covers And Over The Top
    - voicebreak -
    Tinariwen- Imidiwan Ahi Sigdim - Emmaar
    Jocelyn Pook- Womens Magazine Tango - Habitacion En Roma
    People Like Us- Break Me Break My Horse - Dont Think Right Its All Twice
    Carlo Cordio- Aenigma Sudden Death - Aenigma Conquest Morirai A Mezzanotte
    Baka Forest People Of Southeast Cameroon- Nursery Rhyme - Heart Of The Forest
    Bailey Denio Palmer- Let The Little Sunbeam In - The Gospel Record
    Dot Wiggin Band- The Fella With A Happy Heart - Ready Get Go
    Dengue Fever- One Thousand Tears Of ATarantula - Escape From Dragon House
    The Heliocentrics- The Five Thing - Quartermass Sessions 1
    Mike Watt- Maggot Brain - BallHog Or Tugboat
    Sumner Crane Ikue Mori Don Burg Arto Lindsay Mark Cunningham Duncan Lindsay- I Awake - John Gavanti An Operetta
    - voicebreak -
    Dave Soldier Richard Lair Thai Elephant Orchestra- Trio For Theremin Electric Keyboard - Thai Elephant Orchestra
    Renaldo The Loaf- BPM - Songs For Swinging Larvae Songs From The Surgery
    The City Of Prague Philharmonic Orchestra- Twisted Nerve Theme And Variations - Film Music Masterworks Film Music By Bernard Herrmann
    Chenard Walcker- Two Birds - Moo
    Darth Vegas- Prokletsvo Gummina Kokoshke - Brainwashing For Dirty Minds
    The Ed Palermo Big Band- The Black Page 2 - Oh No Not Jazz
    Gangstagrass- Rainstorm In Kentucky feat Smif N Wessun Dolio The Sleuth R Son - Broken Hearts And Stolen Money
    - voicebreak -
    Raya Brass Band- Locks And Latches - This Train Is Now
    Gabo Brown Orchestre PolyRythmo- Its A Vanity - African Scream Contest Raw Psychedelic Afro Sounds From Benin Togo 70s
    Dina Martina- The Presidents Day Song - The Dina Martina Holiday Album
    Joe Loss- Steptoe And Son - Music For Mentalists
    - Dance The Boogaloo - Long Live Boogaloo
    Dara Puspita- Pip Pip Yeah - 19661968
    Robotmonkeyarm- Il Brutto - Robot Senza Nome
    Cakewalk- Transfixed - Transfixed


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2014-02-14
              Apa itu Solar Panel dan Bagaimana Cara Kerjanya?        
    Sebuah panel surya adalah kumpulan sel fotovoltaik, dan juga dikenal oleh modul fotovoltaik moniker. Pada gilirannya, kumpulan panel surya disebut matahari atau photovoltaic array. Sel dalam sebuah panel surya terdiri dari sebuah encapsulate (biasanya gelas atau plastik bening), yang melakukan kontak grid, dan dua semikonduktor. Bagaimana Panel Surya bekerja? Sebuah panel surya menghasilkan listrik melalui […]
              VTC en Afrique : Après Abidjan, Africab à la conquête du marché béninois        

    Huit mois après son lancement à Abidjan, AFRICAB spécialisée dans les VTC (Véhicules de Transport avec Chauffeurs) annonce l’ouverture d’une franchise à Cotonou en partenariat avec le groupe MIG Logistics. La société de transport espère ainsi démarrer ses activités en novembre 2016 Un nouveau service de transport individuel à Cotonou Si vous avez déjà fait […]

    Cet article VTC en Afrique : Après Abidjan, Africab à la conquête du marché béninois est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


              Benin: Le talonmètre, une plateforme de veille citoyenne        

    On connait le Mackymetre, et le Buharimeter qui sont des outils qui permettent aux peuples sénégalais et nigérians d’évaluer et noter l’action de leur président respectif. Dans le même sillage, le Talonmètre est une plateforme Web développée par des membres de la société civile pour évaluer l’exécution des promesses électorales par le nouveau Président du Bénin, Mr. Patrice Talon […]

    Cet article Benin: Le talonmètre, une plateforme de veille citoyenne est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


              Bénin : Apprendre de l’expérience du régulateur télécom congolais        

    Le Directeur de l’Agence de Régulation des Postes et des Communication Electroniques du Congo (ARPCE), Yves Castanou, a accueilli Etienne Kossi, ministre béninois de la Communication et des Technologies de l’Information, la semaine dernière. Le ministre Etienne Kossi est venu acquérir des compétences complémentaires au niveau du régulateur congolais pour la bonne gestion du marché […]

    Cet article Bénin : Apprendre de l’expérience du régulateur télécom congolais est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


              Bénin : MTN va à la conquête des zones rurales        

    L’opérateur de téléphonie mobile MTN Bénin, veut axer sa croissance sur les zones rurales. La société a pour cela signé un partenariat avec l’équipementier télécom suédois Ericsson pour l’extension de sa couverture réseau dans les zones rurales du pays. Un accès aux stations de base radio à faible consommation d’énergie, fonctionnant à l’énergie solaire, de […]

    Cet article Bénin : MTN va à la conquête des zones rurales est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


              Le Bénin veut introduire la portabilité sur le marché télécom        

    L’Autorité de Régulation des Communications Electroniques et de la Poste (ARCEP) du Bénin prépare l’introduction de la portabilité sur le marché télécom national. En effet, le régulateur a lancé mi-septembre une étude sur l’impact de la portabilité des numéros sur l’environnement béninois, les barrières éventuelles qui empêcheraient sa mise en place et les solutions pour […]

    Cet article Le Bénin veut introduire la portabilité sur le marché télécom est apparu en premier sur TechOfAfrica.


              Don't Defer IT Until Tomorrow!        
    Used with Permission From The Margo Feiden Galleries
    47 Days In Search of a Book Deal: CallonDolly.com
    I believe the future is only the past again, through another gate.
    - Sir Arthur Wing Pinero, English Dramatist  (1855-1934)

    Happy Friday...Last Day of June! (June 30th, 2017)
    June 30 is the 181st day of the year.
    There are 184 days remaining until the end of the year. It is 9:39 AM to be exact as I start today's blog. I am winning because I am a good person.
    The day that I am having has been created by design. The same can very much be said of the life I have created for myself. I pretty much had a knowledge of this 40 years ago. I still do but I need daily reminders and I still have to convince myself of this fact.
    Approaching others with optimism allows me to connect with others and live happily.
    I am not the person those who did not love me deemed me to be. That is one of the lessons of today's blog. 


    My horoscope tells me that talking about everything I'm going to do actually gets in the way of my doing it. The 'WORD' for the day is INTERESTED . Think of this word as your mantra for the day. First apply the word to yourself, THEN apply this word to EVERYONE YOU meet. Think of this word as you respond to EVERY PERSON you see throughout the day. The 'word 'for TODAY is INTERESTED ! Please pay it forward...

    Everything takes longer than I expect, leaving me short on time constantly.

    I am stepping back from my commitments, reevaluating my recent plans, and reassessing the steps I must take to reach my
    goals.

    Words are meaningless without intent and determination. It is social media day. There are pluses and minuses to where this has brought us. I absolutely love social media and how much it has connected all of us.
    I also despise social media and how it has absolutely thrown a monkey wrench into human interaction. I hate it, for example when I CALL someone and they respond with an email or text message!

    Human interaction is what I crave! That's one of the main reasons I pursued the career that chose me and why I do what I do.

    Today is a summer day in the greatest city in the world!

    I still love this city 37 years after arriving here for the first time (August 5th, 1979). As I sat down to begin writing my blog today, I was listening to Nell Carter, Armelia McQueen and Charlayne Woodard sing "Off Time" on the 1978 Tony Awards. Ms. Carter won for Best Actress in a Musical that year.
    It takes me right back to 1978 and '79 when it was on Broadway.

    Interesting thought: June 30th, 1978 was also a Friday.
    I was 18 and still living in South Carolina. I had a one way ticket to New York and in 36 days I would be leaving on a jet plane never to look back. As an 18-year-old in 1979 dreaming of a life in the theater, I was given valuable lessons in the respect of the theater.
    Those lessons stay with me to this day and actually have a huge bearing on the work I do.
    I've written about her in the past, but I had a great mentor in Miss Florence Epps. She took me under her wing after she first saw me on stage.
    She had a playhouse in her backyard and I used to go after school on Wednesdays and Thursdays. If I had gone to my parents to tell them that I wanted to take drama and elocution lessons, they would have laughed and stood in the way, their usual response.
    I don't say this asking for empathy or sympathy. It is simply a fact and part of the fabric of my life. My parents never supported my dreams nor did they ever take any interest in any aspect of my life.

    My father passed away in 2002. I regret that we resolved our differences. As far as my mom is concerned (and family and relatives), I have accepted it as my lot in life. Years ago, I interviewed Carol Lawrence.
    She told me that being in this business is the greatest elixir in the world. The more we get, the more we desire. The rub is whether or not the general public is buying. My family never bought what I'm selling.

    Wayne Dyer  said, "When you change the way you look at things, the things you look at change."


    Speaking of the way you look at things, the Quad Cinema in Manhattan is showing a Barbra Streisand film festival next week.
    On Wednesday night, one of my favorite Streisand films, On a Clear Day You Can See Forever, is being shown.

    I love seeing these films in the manner in which they were meant to be seen.: in a movie theater with an audience!

    When I first came to New York in the summer of '79, it was in the days before VCRS, DVDs, and Turner Classic Movies.
    There were revival houses all over NYC, the Regency, Carnegie Hall Cinema, the Thalia, the Film Forum, to name a few.   I would go through the papers to see what was playing where and would plan my week around these great classic films.
     
    I went to see a classic film or two almost every Sunday and sometimes as well during the week.
    What memories!At my very first audition in New York, for Woody Allen's Stardust Memories (I did not get a part), I met Millie Brown. I've written about her in previous blogs. She became one of my frequent movie partners. As a matter of fact, the first time I saw On a Clear Day..., it was with Millie.
    Melinda Winifred Tentries, but I gravitate towards Daisy Gamble
    I saw so many movies this way.
    I don't even remember which theater it was or where exactly it was located. I know it was in the West Village and I practically flew home after seeing this film.
    Not only did you have a perfect trifecta with Streisand, costumes, story, and songs, but most of the film is set against the backdrop in the seventies.


    The Daisy Gamble character is what resonated with me. She also had an ability to look into the past with accute clarity!
    Being that age in the 70s in NYC is something that is, of course, glamorized in the film. Where does the time go?
    47 years ago, in 1970, I was 8 years old and living in South CarolinaNew York, at that time, may or may not have been in my scheme of thinking.

    New York, and the world, was changing. 1970 would be the year of the first Gay Pride March. It was before Studio 54 and the Disco Era, it was long before AIDS.
    My sweetness was not a weakness when I first arrived in NY. It may be slightly coarser now due to life experiences but it is still there. When I arrived in New York at the age of eighteen, there was no one greener or more naive! That naivety, I believe saved my life.
    Knowing the person I am today, it might be hard for anyone who knows me personally to believe that I did not know I was gay! I was the most asexual person to ever emerge out of Conway, South Carolina. I never went on a date. My last year in SC, and thanks to getting involved with the Upstage Company at Coastal Carolina, I had somewhat of a social life. That was the year I met Beth Mahar, still one of my best friends and one of the greatest people I have ever known.
    From the moment she met me, she accepted me for just being me!
     
    According to her, she had seen me the previous year as Roberts, the butler, in The Unsinkable Molly Brown, with The Theater of the Republic, our hometown theater.
    I did a slow turn to the audience that stopped the show and brought down the house.

    She said at that moment, she knew she had to work with me.
     Move forwards a year. As a result of my role as Roberts, I started getting cast in larger, mostly character, parts. I would go on to do The Night of January Sixteenth by Ayn Rand, one of my favorites, Cheaper By The Dozen, and Oliver!One afternoon, going home on the bus, Victoria Kujala, a friend told me about a play she was doing at the college called Marat/Sade.
    I had never heard about it. She told me they were looking for a lot of people to play the inmates in the asylum.
    That was something I could do. She told me that night that there would be a read through and that I should just show up. She was sure there was something in it for me.

    I went home and the more I thought about it, the more intrigued I was. I walked to the college, about 25 minutes away.As I was walking up the steps into the small performance space, Beth, whom I had never met before, came running in my name yelling, "Are you Ricky Skipper?"
    When I acknowledged who I was, she told me to apologize for my mom for hanging up on her.
    She had called my mom to ask me to come and audition for the show. When my mom told me I was already on my way to the theater, she dropped everything to get there. Beth was going to be the stage manager of the show, and having remembered me, thought I would be great for The Herald, which is essentially the narrator and story teller of the show.
    Beth had more faith in me than I ever would have! This role was the antithesis of everything I had done up to this point AND was in verse!
    I was introduced to the director, Cynthia, and asked to stick around and they would hear me read.
    It was very different than anything I had ever experienced with Theater of the Republic!
    Before any type of a read or run through, we all sat in a circle and acknowledged each other. A golden chalice was also passed around with white wine in which everyone took a sip. I had definitely moved to a whole new realm, on many levels. After everyone left, Beth, Cynthia, and myself stuck around so I could read through it. It was more a formality than anything else.
    I think the decision had already been made based on Beth's recommendation.
    Loved Judy Garland and the world of Musical Comedy!
    I barely read a few lines when I was asked if I would like to play the part. I was excited and scared at the same time. That has always been the case with anything new that I try in life. I went home that night and read through the script and had no idea what I was reading! I started committing everything to memory.
    I can still recite the opening monologue to this day because of the amount of work I put into this character. The more I worked on it, the more anxious I became as to whether or not I would be able to pull it off. One of the things that I LOVED about Cynthia Hodel's approach as a director was that we spent weeks in improvisation before we even got to the script.
    By the time we got to the script, we had a solid handle on as to who we as these characters were.
    My biggest fear was what if THEY didn't like me. It consumed every waking and sleeping moment of my life.
    Thank God for Beth. She kept assuring me that I was going to be great.
    She spent hours grilling me on my lines and never once complained. The entire script was in verse.
    What if I forgot a line!?!?!
    Well, that's exactly what happened! Opening night, the actor portraying François Simonet de Coulmier comes out to welcome the audience. The entire company comes bounding out on stage to take our places. As soon as I took my first position, my mind went completely blank! I don't think I could have told anyone my name if I had been asked!
    A childlike curiosity has always propelled me forward

    However, the moment that I was given my cue, as if by magic, the words began to flow. I felt as if I were flying! It was a zen moment that I have felt many times since then on stage, but at that moment it was a feeling that I can't describe.

    It was there and I'll never forgot the ovation we all received at the end of the evening.
    One thing that I had forgotten about until I started writing this blog today.
    Before we opened, because of the nature of the play, we had to give a special performance for the board and faculty to deem whether or not we could open the show. Thank God, they gave us the go ahead.
    If You Believe

    This show came along at the right time in my life. It was the perfect storm in terms of building self esteem in me. It convinced me that I WAS truly an actor. Also, because of the friends that I made and worked with on this show, it gave me a sense of belonging.

    All through school, I never fit in. No one knew what to make of me. Even when I was at Theater of the Republic, with every role I played, I felt like I was constantly trying to prove myself. The funny thing is that 37 years later, I still feel this.
    Writing The Next Chapter!
    As I type these words, I am in an office surrounded by awards, accolades,photographs, and testimonials. Those don't really mean anything to anyone but me. It does show me, however, of where I've been. It also tells me that I can go forward and be prepared for the next chapter! I'm ready!

    I never gave up! Persistence and stubbornness are underrated tools for lifelong success.
    I'm throwing back the curtain and showing my followers the little man behind the Wizard who is always trying to put forth a positive image of a man. 

    Let's Be Friends! I promise you a great experience!

    Today's blog is dedicated to Susan Hayward who was born on this date in 1917.

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!

    Though I have not have the great fortune to see Richard's show's live (Please come to
    Vegas!!!)   I do have the great fortune of calling him one of my dearest friends. And that dear ones, is  a great blessing indeed.   Richard is a blessing to all who he encounters.   His positivity   will help you through the hardest of days.   Truly one in a million :)  May God continue to bless all you do! 

    Love,
    Jamie Farrar

    With Annie 'Equalty' Hughes

    Congratulations Richard Skipper and Russ Woolley on another wonderful "Richard Skipper Celebrates" production at the Laurie Beechman Theater on 6/18/17. Wonderful production, wonderful host, and wonderful guests. How can it get better than that? It can't! See you in September.
    Craig Witham, Philadelphia, Pa

    Big congrats to Richard Skipper and Russ Woolley on another terrific show (6/18/17)! It seems impossible, but the shows just keep getting better and better! How to improve on perfection??! Such an amazing group of talented performers and an audience that is enthralled and exhilarated. And you, Richard Skipper, are the icing on the proverbial cake. You are not only talented, handsome and passionate, but you have an uncanny ability to bring people together,and make us all want to be the best selves we can be. The love and respect in the room is palpable. It is a pleasure and honor to be part of your shows!
    Pamela Singer, NYC 

     
    Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates – September 10th celebrating the birthdays of Adele Astaire,  Robert Wise , Harry Groener, AND SO MUCH MORE! Sunday, September 10th 1 pm at The Laurie Beechman Theatre below The West Bank Cafe at 407 West 42 Street. Richard will be joined by Ann Dawson, Emily McNamara, Ben Rimalower...AND a Mystery Guest! This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please SAVE THE DATE .$30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person.

    From fabulous musical direction Rich Siegel and The Richard Skipper Celebrates band (Jeff Carney on bass and Rex Benincasa on percussion ). Do yourself a favor and CELEBRATE!
    The afternoon is also made possible by Wright Bros. Real Estate.
    https://web.ovationtix.com/trs/pr/968230 

     

    Sit Back! A New News Cycle Is About to Begin!


    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!

    With grateful XOXOXs , 
     



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    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!
     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com










              Richard Skipper Celebrates...June 18th!        
    This is the only real concern of the artist, to recreate out of the disorder of life that order which is art.
    Photo: Matthew Murphy Mary Poppins at Papermill Playhouse. Read MORE

    -James Baldwin

    Happy Memorial Day Monday, May 29th, 2017!
    Today is the 149th day of the year. There are 216 days remaining until the end of the year.
    Before I begin, I have a HIGH RECOMMENDATION! Last night, I attended the opening of Mary Poppins at The Papermill Playhouse. GO! GO!! GO!!! You'll be thanking me! 
    It plays through June 25.  More information at papermill.org


    There are 20 days till my next Richard Skipper Celebrates production and my last of this season. 
    I love the evolution this series has made over the course of the past year. When I set out to do this series, my goal was to create an on stage talk/variety show in which we celebrate each
    other and each and every day.
    We launched the series last May 25th and I was thrilled at the response. 
    We were scheduled to follow up in June and I could not sell a ticket to save my life. Then on June 12th of last year, the Orlando Pulse Massacre happened and knocked the win out of my sails.  
    I felt at that moment that it was time for me to step back and assess how I desired to move forward. I ended up cancelling and decided to return in September.
    We returned in September, where I began this series, at The Triad. 
    I loved performing at The Triad. It is a jewel box of a theater. The problem was scheduling and maneuvering around that juggernaut of Spamilton!  
    We continued at The Triad with shows in October, November, December, and January. 
    It was also during this time that Russ Woolley came on board as producer. He started out as a Facebook friend and that quickly morphed into a full fledged friendship. I never in a million years would have thought that he would come on board to help make this series soar. I am amazed at what we have created in year one. Cannot wait to share Year Two with you! 
    My spirit is 100 percent intact as I move towards June 18th, the next and final show of this season. 
    I have decided to take July and August off to focus on my book, Call on Dolly: From Carol to Bette

    I will be returning in September with a great cast led by Ann Dawson and Ben Rimalower.
    But first let's talk about June 18th. I have a great cast to celebrate! Let's start with Sarah Rice. Sarah will be celebrating the birthday of Jeanette MacDonald. She will also be joined by Mark Watson in a duet celebrating Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald. 
    Sarah made a guest appearance in our first installment in celebration of Carole Demas's bithday. I am thrilled she is back this time in a featured capacity. 
    She is the perfect choice to celebrate Jeanette MacDonald. Her Screen Gems show is still one of my favorites.
    Also returning this month is one of my favorite entertainers and I am thrilled that he has become such a good friend over the past year, David Sabella.  
    He appeared in our celebration of Liza Minnelli's birthday in March. This time around, he will be celebrating Father's Day. He is a proud father of two. 
    Also in the line up is Warren Schein! He will be helping us to celebrate the birthday of Sammy Cahn.  
    Mark Watson, as mentioned earlier, will come back to help us celebrate the day as well. 
    I'm still waiting to see what he will be bringing to the table.
    Mark Watson
    He is an amazing opera singer and I can't wait to share him with my audiences. THEN, we have a Tony Award nominated  entertainer!  

    A smile is happiness you'll find right under your nose. - Tom Wilson
    What makes you smile?
    Today's clue as to our MYSTERY GUEST: This entertainer made their Broadway debut in the 1980s. They received a Tony award nomination as "Best Leading ***** in a Musical" for that performance, and is the recipient of the coveted Theatre Worlds Award for "Outstanding Broadway Debut". New York magazine’s John Simon said "This entertainer is a winner" and Al Hirschfeld did a caricature of them.
    Reserve TODAY and be part of the celebration!
    Thought for the day: What really matters is not how much intelligence you have but how you use
    David Sabella
    what you have.

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!

    June Is New York Music Month!

    What a delight it was to be at Richard Skipper's World War II show on Armed Forces Day, May 20th! The singers were all fantastic, the songs fun to revisit and the video footage stunning.  Richard is a charming and talented host.  He makes everyone feel welcome.
    I can't wait for his next show at Laurie Beechman on Father's Day. Thanks, Richard for all you are doing to keep cabaret and this music alive.- Eileen Lacy, New York, NY

    Let's Celebrate: June 18th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates June 18th!

    Richard will be joined by Sarah Rice, David Sabella, Warren Schein, Mark Watson...AND a Mystery Guest ! 
    The effervescent singing diva, Jeanette MacDonald was born on June 18, 1903 in West Philadelphia to a comfortable middle class family.

    All under the musical Direction of Tedd Firth with Jeff Carney
    Tedd Firth
    on bass and Rex Benincasa on Percussion . This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please Reserve Today .$30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person.

    The celebration celebrates the birthdays of Sammy Cahn and Jeanette MacDonald, Father's Day...and so much MORE! You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!

    The afternoon is also made possible by Wright Bros. Real Estate.





    Nobody celebrates legends like Richard Skipper.If one of your faves is being feted, there's nowhere on earth more
    On stage with Diane J. Findlay May 20th, 2017
    fun to be. And honestly even if you don't care about the honoree, master showman Richard and his talented crew serve up a fabulously good time.
    -Ben Rimalower


     

    with KT Sullivan May 20th, 2017
    Sit Back! A New News Cycle Is About to Begin!


    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!
    with Ellen Bullinger and Carol Siwek


    With grateful XOXOXs ,
     






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    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Go Out and Do Something Nice For Someone Without Expecting Anything In Return
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
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    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com




      







              Ben Rimalower, Ann Hampton Callaway, and Leslie Orofino are all doing shows!         
    Fred Astaire and Judy Garland rehearsing for Easter Parade
    Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere.
    - Albert Einstein, German-American physicist (born 1879, transitioned this date in 1955)

    Happy April 18th!
    April 18 is the 108th day of the year. There are 257 days remaining until the end of the year. 
    It is a beautiful day here in New York and as I began today's blog, I was listening to Ethel Merman's Disco Album. The track playing is I Got Rhythm to be exact!
    If that doesn't get one energized, nothing will. 
    I hope all that read this had a great spring holiday, whatever you celebrate. 
     

    What a stunningly beautiful weekend we had. Plenty of nice weather and only a few raindrops. All in all, perfectly lovely. What would make it even nicer is if I got to see YOU soon at one of our events. I miss you! 
    That's what today's blog is about. I hope that all of my readers will find the time to attend at least one of the shows mentioned here. PLEASE tell them you read about it in my blog!

    Ann Hampton Callaway can't wait to unveil The Ella Century at Birdland tonight through this
    Ann Hampton Callaway
    Saturday, with shows at 8:30 and 11! She is inspired to be celebrating one of the most extraordinary people of the 20th century. This shy girl who overcame a childhood no one should endure, who didn't have the beauty queen looks expected on the band stand, went on to become our beloved "First Lady of Song," selling over 40 million records and winning countless awards including 14 Grammy's and The National Medal of the Arts.
    Please join Ann, Matt Baker, Dean Johnson, Tim Horner and  Benny Benack III for a feast of exciting music laced with story and love in honor of Ella Fitzgerald! For tix call (212) 581-3080.
     Ann Hampton Callaway — the “…superbly intelligent, singularly creative pop-jazz stylist who can stand shoulder to shoulder with Streisand, Ronstadt, Shirley Horn, and Dianne Reeves...” (JazzTimes) — returns to Birdland with an exciting show kicking off Ella Fitzgerald’s centennial year. Callaway explores the breadth of Ella Fitzgerald’s repertoire in a show titled “Ella Century” including fresh takes on classics such as, How High the Moon, Mr. Paganini, and Every Time We Say Goodbye.

    Ben Rimalower tells me that he is so excited to join Mark Cortale's roster of talent for the Provincetown Art House Theatre this summer. But you can see him right here in New York next Monday April 24 when he begins his spring extension of the Patti Issues/Bad with Money double bill.
    I hear tickets may be available on Goldstar.

    "A classic/crazy/funny monodrama that crashes through the wall of 'too much' into a realm pretty close to art." - Jesse Green, New York Magazine (February 2017)

    And guess what! Ben is one of my guests in Richard Skipper Celebrates...September 10th! SAVE THE DATE! 
    Celeste


     CELESTE ENTERTAINING...PICCO TAVERN WEDNESDAY'S 7-10PM 160 Prospect Ave Hackensack NJ 07601
    201-880-8750
    Great restaurant and Bar...food can be ordered at the Bar.
    Beautiful surroundings.
    Free Valet Parking under building.
    Celeste is really enjoying her gig there. Sound system is nice.The food is great and the staff are professional. Best Meatballs she's ever had besides her own. Picco Tavern on Facebook too.
    http://piccotavern.com
    (Lexington and 3rd Ave.)
    Saturdays from 8 to 11 pm.
    Reservations: 212. 582.6900. There is a lot of strife in the world right now and we have to celebrate whenever and however we can.
    Leslie Orofino


    Countdown....In 2 Days....Thurs. April 20 at 7:00. Go celebrate Cole Porter with Leslie Orofino and her fabulous trio. Daryl Kojak on piano, Boots Maleson on bass and Rex Benincasa on drums. Directed by Louis Pietig and dedicated to Julie Wilson. Don't miss out. Call 212- 757-0788 after 4 pm today or go to www.donttellmamanyc.com. Details www.leslieorofino.com.


    Congratulations to Dan Goggin! The Little Sisters of Hoboken are coming to the small screen! The first episode of NUNSENSE: the TV Series debuts April 25. Learn more and sign up get an email when it's available to watch at nunsensetv.com.

    Thank you, Tina Marie Casamento Libby for posting this on
    Facebook today:
    As a new show opens daily this season, remember to go and see shows for yourself before relying on reviews. This was the 2003 review for WICKED:
    An “overproduced, overblown, confusingly dark and laboriously ambitious jumble,” ruled Newsday. “The show’s twenty-two songs were written by Stephen Schwartz, and not one of them is memorable,” wrote The New Yorker.
    Perhaps The New York Times carried the most damning review: “Wicked does not, alas, speak  hopefully for the future of the Broadway musical.”
    And Clive Barnes on LES MIZ in 1987:
    "...found the score monotonous, the book full of "brutish drama and tear-stained sentiment" and the show in general "instantly disposable trash."
    One man's "disposable trash" is more than a million others "treasure".

    As an industry, let us embrace the art we are creating, and accept that Art is subjective. Buy your tickets, and enjoy this incredible season!
    Bobbie Horowitz returns on May 15th on the latest installment in her  MAC (Manhattan Association of Cabarets and Clubs) series, It's Just a Number, and I'm in it celebrating Peggy Eason! Also being feted that evening are Rian Keating and Tex Arnold! Can't wait!
    Caissie Levy and Patti Murin
    (Photo: Disney Theatrical)
    Frozen Broadway Musical Sets Its Cast; Rob Ashford Aboard In Choreographer Shuffle. He has replaced Christopher Gattelli. Caissie Levy will play Elsa, and Patti Murin will play Anna. Disney’s new musical is aiming for a spring 2018 Broadway bow. They topline a principal cast that includes Jelani Alladin as Kristoff, Greg Hildreth as Olaf, John Riddle as Hans and Robert Creighton as Duke of Weselton.


    Cabaret Cares is the not for profit organization that helps and assists children, teens and youth living with HIV and AIDS. This series that benefits Help Is On The Way Today a non for profit created by cabaret producer Joseph Macchia, Cabaret Cares is a ongoing monthly series that was created to benefit Help Is On The Way Today a non for profit organization that helps children, teens and youth living with HIV and AIDS. Once a month a new show is created and can feature Broadway show casts, up and coming talent and many of the New York Cabaret Community.Cabaret Cares 12 will be hosted by John DeMarco, winner of the 2007 MAC Award for Jazz Vocalist and 2008 MAC Award for Best Jazz Record. Lead singer
    for Follies Bergere in Paris and Las Vegas and has played all the major cabaret rooms throughout the country.

    Also Performing are Julie Gold, SIDNEY MEYER,KAREN SAUNDERS, MICHELE BALAN,  and TONY CORRAO.

     

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!


    Sit back! A new news cycle is about to begin!



    Announcing that I have two shows left in Richard Skipper Celebrates this season...May 20th and June 18th (Father's Day). We will take off July and August and will return on September 10th and play once a month through January...All brunch shows except January 31st 7PM show celebrating Carol Channing's birthday with an all star cast! Thank you, Kenny Bell and Russ Woolley!



    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs ,
     




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    One of World War IIs most famous pin-ups! (Broadway's 4th Dolly, Betty Grable)
    ONLY!




    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help! 

    Great time, great fun, great host, great guests.
    -Eileen Slater: Woodbourne, NY
    Announcing Next Edition of Richard Skipper Celebrates...May 20th Laurie Beechman Theater 1PM Brunch Show
    Let's Celebrate: May 20th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates The Music of World War II. Richard will be joined by Diane J. Findlay, Sue Matsuki, KT

    -Eileen Slater: Woodbourne, NY

    KT Sullivan
    Sullivan...AND a Mystery Guest All under the musical Direction
    of Michael Lavine with Jeff Carney on bass and Don Kelly on Percussion . This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please Reserve Today. 
    $30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person
    Diane J. Findlay

    You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!

    Go To RichardSkipper.com and click on
    Sue Matsuki
    the Yellow Star to Order Your Tickets Today
    This afternoon is also made possible by Wright Bros. Real Estate, Nyack, NY
    *Previous Mystery Guests have included Anita Gillette, Hilary Kole, Melba Moore, Stacy Sullivan, Jana Robbins, AND Seth Sikes

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!

     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com












              Jana Robbins, New York's Next Top Drag Queen Finale, Sally Olson's Karen Carpenter Trinute...and MORE!        
    Richard Skipper did an excellent job introducing "Jezebel" (1938) at the TCM Classic Film Festival on 4/6/17. It was a fun and lively introduction that brilliantly set up the film and showed a great knowledge of behind the scenes facts.
    -Kennedy Reed


    Reserve TODAY for May 20
    Happy April 13th, 2017!
    April 13 is the 103rd day of the year. There are 262 days remaining until the end of the year. 
    It is a gorgeous day here in New York. It is estimated that it will get up to 75 degrees today. The full moon was earlier this week. It was the PINK moon!  
    Any full moon that occurs in April is called a ‘Pink Moon’ simply because of the pink flowers, such as North America’s wild ground phlox, which blossom in April and are seen to
    At The Turner Classic Film Festival last week.
    symbolize new beginnings.
    As I begin my blog today, I'm listening to the 40s channel on Sirius XM. Right now, the song playing is Mary Martin singing Kiss The Boys Goodbye. It's Jazz Appreciation month but I love all kinds of music.
    It's all setting the tone for the day. A lot has happened since my last blog last week. My apologies for those that I promised blogs to and have not gotten to...yet!
    For me, it's no longer about getting everything done every day but getting done what I am able to get done.
    I get requests almost daily asking me to coach others. I feel like I'm just learning to coach myself. 

    Then [David] took his staff in his hand, chose five smooth stones from the stream, put them in the pouch of his shepard's bag and, with his sling in his hand, approached Goliath. 
    -1 Samuel 17:40
    Martha Raye as Dolly Levi. I see Bette Midler April 20 (Opening night!)
    I put the above quote from the Bible because I believe it sums up who and where I am at this point in my life. I feel that I am really hitting my stride and I'm ready to take on the world.
    As I sat off to begin this year, one of my intentions was to really brand and solidify Richard Skipper Celebrates...

    That is happening! In addition to my blog, which is not as consistent as it once was due to my busy schedule, last May, I launched my series, Richard Skipper Celebrates...a talk/variety show ON STAGE!

    We opened last May 25th at The Triad. It is hard to believe that was a year ago.
    KT Sullivan celebrates the songs of World War II with me May 20th
    I was scheduled to also do a June show and then the Pulse Massacre happened. It really hit me hard and I cancelled my show and decided to regroup and return in September. This series began at The Triad and I will always be grateful to Peter Martin and the entire staff for making me feel so welcome.
    As Spamilton became a bigger and bigger hit there, prime show times became rarer and rarer. Twice, my show had to be rescheduled and twice there was a mad rush to push my audiences out into the street for the next show. I don't blame The Triad. These things happen

    but the comfort level was stressed to the max.
    It was then that I was offered a time slot at The Laurie Beechman for my birthday show in February.
    What a great afternoon that was. My mom, middle brother, and his girlfriend even surprised me from South Carolina!
    Then last month, we celebrated Liza Minnelli's birthday. In addition to Julie Reyburn, we had an amazing cast.
    Last week, we celebrated Yip Harburg's Birthday. Leslie Orofino led an amazing cast.
    On May 20th (Armed Forces Day), we are celebrating the music of World War II led by Diane J. Findlay and Sue Matsuki.
    June 18th (Father's Day), we are doing our last show of the season. We are getting back to our roots and celebrating the date, June 18th. Sarah Rice will be celebrating the birthday of Jeanette McDonald, Warren Schein celebrates Sammy Cahn, and I have a few more surprises up my
    sleeve. We will take July and August off and will return in September. I am already booked at The Laurie Beechman September-January, monthly!
    Please join us on the 20th and let's celebrate!
    Win TWO tickets to Richard Skipper Celebrates on May 20th
    (Brunch included!)

    Here is what you do: Tweet about the upcoming show. Include #RichardSkipperCelebrates and RichardSkipper.com. The most clever tweet will win (voted upon by a committee) and the winner will be announced at 5PM Today. (If you have already bought your tickets or are out of town, will make a great gift for two friends!) Please LIKE and SHARE. Please include The Laurie Beechman Theatre.
    Last night, we celebrated Jana's Birthday!
    Last night I was asked to sing as part of Jana Robbin's Birthday show at Feinstein's/54 Below. Here is Bob Ost's (Theater Resources Unlimited, TRU) account of the evening:. What a beautiful night it was at Feinstein's/54 Below! Jana Robbins was in spectacular voice, particularly moving in a deeply felt rendition of "As If We Never Said Good-bye" and profoundly raucous in not one but two striptease numbers, "Zip" from Pal Joey" and "Gotta Have a Gimmick" from you know what, a recreation of a number our fair lady performed on Broadway for several years as Mazeppa while understudying Tyne Daly's Mama Rose. 
    Not a stitch was actually removed, mind you, but mimed precision was on view and a trumpet was blown.

    Warm, embracing and heart-felt from beginning to end. And so moving in her encore "And That's Why I'm a Singer," a tribute to her mom who was there last night (and even joined Jana for a song). So generous in so many ways, bringing the young writer of musical-in-development "Timothy Cratchitt" up to do a song, and following her standing ovation with a party celebration of other performers she knows and loves, including my dear old friends David Sabella, Julie Reyburn (destroying me with "We Can Never Go Back to Before" from "Ragtime") and Richard Skipper (taking over the room with expert showmanship), plus funny and fabulous
    with Jana at mine and Danny's wedding
    David Austin who starred in Jana's production of "I Love You Because..." and a lovely young actress she discovered and directed in a college production of "Little Women." The undercurrent of the show was dreams, some fulfilled and some still yearned for, and it touched and tugged at chords within me.

    The room was filled with Broadway producers, including TRU pals Cody Lassen and Jim Kierstead, plus TRU board alum Douglas Denoff, Robert R Blume of the Drama Desk, Richard Winkler, Margot Astrachan, Merrie Davis. Plus Cabaret award winners Bobbie Horowitz and Joan Crowe, on-line critic of Times Square Chronicle
    Jana in The Drowsy Chaperone (Regional)
    (and another old friend of mine) Suzanna Bowling, Jana writers Alan Knee (Little Women and "Timothy Cratchitt") and D. Tucker Smith ("Roof of the World"), dear PDMP team leader and producer R Erin Craig, my dear friend Doug DeVita (sitting right behind me through the entire show without my knowing it), former PDMP leader Meredith Lucio and for heavens sake, Dan Goggin, the writer of "Nunsense" and a friend of mine I haven't seen in over 20 years (he's too busy making money)! And stage manager Anita Ross who ran over to say hello for the first time since 1978, when I was a writing "prodigy" (in her words) having my first show done at the old Network Theater where she worked. (I think she may have been my stage manager.) And PDMP member and pal Prudence Wright Holmes who sat with me and Gary.
    Photo: Jana Robbins is pictured here with Bob Ost, who publishes TRU, the online newsletter which “offers postings of jobs, goods, and services
    I am surely forgetting others. But so nice of Jana to invite all of my friends! One of the best nights ever!


    While we're waiting for the 20th, please commit to seeing at least ONE SHOW A WEEK until then! If you see someone, you would like me to celebrate, please let me know. Here are some of my recommendations.

    After six Long Weeks, it all comes down to eight minutes. TONIGHT:  New York's Next Top Drag Queen Finale at 7PM Tonight at The Metropolitan Room.
    For the fifth year in a row, this hardcore drag arena welcomes the city's toughest queens to sinc, dance and lip-sync their way to eternal glory. Head to Metropolitan Room to witness them in action.
    Each Queen will sing two songs and give you a little sneak peak into what their show would be like if they won.
    They started out with 12 Queens and now they are down to the Top five. Diana Carefire, Bella Lemay,Cherry Poppins,Easy Mac, and Celah Doore.
    Showtime 7pm Doors open 6:!5
    $12 Cover $15 Food/Bev Min
    The Metropolitan Room
    212-206-0440 

    Masterworks Broadway proudly announces the release of The New Broadway Cast Recording of Hello, Dolly! starring three-time Grammy Award-winning legend Bette Midler as Dolly Gallagher Levi.
    Produced by multiple-Grammy Award® winner Steven Epstein, with a cast of thirty seven and twenty eight musicians, the album will be released May 12, 2017 and is available for pre-order now. Read MORE.

     Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there. -Will Rogers



    Acclaimed Karen Carpenter sound-alike and
    look-alike Sally Olson will appear in concert on Saturday, April 29 at 9:30 pm at the famed Triad Theatre on Manhattan's Upper West Side. The show will include signature covers and hits by the Carpenters, such as “We’ve Only Just Begun,” “(They Long To Be) Close To You,” “Rainy Days and Mondays,” “Superstar,” and more.
    Sally offers commentary on the history behind the Carpenters’ music, as well as Karen
    Carpenter’s rise to fame and her sudden and tragic death at the age of 32.
    This Carpenters Tribute Concert debuted in January 2015 and was conceived by Bill Reed (arranger, music director) and Sally Olson (artistic director and lead vocals).
    Tickets: $25 in advance | $30 day of show. Available at the door or online at www.triadnyc.com. For more information, please contact Peter Martin: triadnyc@yahoo.com or Sally Olson: carpenterstributeconcert@gmail.com; www.carpenterstributeconcert.com

    Add caption





    THE SINGING EXPERIENCE
    The Singing Experience Workshop #481 "Silver Lining" begins on Monday, May 15th (a little over a month away) and there are still a few places available for some lucky person.  Give yourself or that special someone in your life the "Gift of Song!"
     The dates:  Rehearsals at Studio 353 from 6:30-9:30PM on May, 15, May 22, (Skip Memorial Day), June 5, June 12. 
    Visit: www.SingingExperience.com for more information or phone multi-Award Winning Director Linda Amiel Burns at 212 315-3500 to register!
    Performance at The Triad on June 19th 7:30 Showtime. (Tech Rehearsal before show from 5:30-7:00).
    June 26 - DVD Viewing Party at TSE Offices 7-10 (professional 2 hour DVD included in tuition). 

    Monday April 17 at 7 pm at Don’t Tell Mama
    Something to Sing About is a show featuring six exceptional storytellers singing their hearts out. Music runs the gamut from Amos to Gershwin. 3 new original songs performed by the composer Rob Davis.
    Directed by Eadie Scott. Musical direction by Ricky Ritzel. Truly something to sing about!

    TONIGHT, April 13th, Jerry Costanzo's All-Star trio and he will be returning to Butterfields in Hauppauge for an evening of jazz, swing and the songs of the Great Crooners.. Frank, Dean, Sammy Nat Cole and much more... There's room for dancing, if you're so inclined!

    Happy Birthday to Jeff Macauley!
    He tells me today that he is taking one of my favorite shows to Provincetown in June as part of CabaretFest!
    Macauley’s Bistro Award-winning Dinah Shore tribute debuted in 1997 at
    Eighty Eights in New York’s Greenwich Village and
    had a long run before moving to Los Angeles’ Cinegrill
    Room at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel. “MWAH!” is an
    affectionate and humorous look at the life and career of
    Dinah Shore as seen through the eyes of one of her most ardent fans, someone who sat transfixed in front of his TV during the 1970s watching the “Dinah!” show almost daily. Macauley presents many of Dinah’s 92 pop chart hits, ranging from million selling songs to lesser-known standards.
    Wrote Backstage Bistro reviewer Roy Sander after Macauley presented this future “Greatest
    Hit” in 1997: “With his considerable wit and charm, Jeff Macauley succeeds in making this course in Dinah 101 at once interesting and very funny . . . He sings some 20 songs, all of
    them delivered with affection.”
    And this from Cabaret Scenes Magazine: “Macauley deftly combined a musical tribute to Dinah Shore with spicy biographical stories from his own life.
    The result was an evening of hilarity and impeccable musical performance.” Upon its 2016 revival, BroadwayWorld.com found MWAH! to be “... one of the most successful shows of its kind I’ve seen.” and that “Macauley was stand-up comic funny throughout.”

    Drop by for a cocktail at COCKTAILS WITH COLE on Thurs., April 20 at 7:00 with Leslie Orofino and her fabulous trio. Daryl Kojak on piano, Boots Maleson on bass and Rex Benincasa on drums. Directed by Louis Pietig and dedicated to Julie Wilson. Call after 4 pm 212-757-0788 or go to www.donttellmamanyc.com. Details: www.leslieorofino.com

    Today's blog is dedicated to Howard Keel. He would have been 98 today. My favorite movie of his is Calamity Jane made in ( 1953 ), starring Doris Day.

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!



    Announcing Next Edition of Richard Skipper Celebrates...May 20th Laurie Beechman Theater 1PM Brunch Show
    Let's Celebrate: May 20th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates The Music of World War II
    Richard will be joined by Diane J. Findlay, Sue Matsuki, KT Sullivan...AND a Mystery Guest

    All under the musical Direction of Michael Lavine with Jeff Carney on bass and Don Kelly on Percussion . This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please Reserve Today

    Bill and I SO enjoyed seeing Richard Skipper Celebrates... for the first time. Richard's natural charm jumps off the stage with the ease of a skilled ballet dancer.  He has a light without a spotlight and he has a warm, large generous heart.  Thanks for a lovely afternoon.
    Rosie Novellino-Mearns, NYC



    $30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person
    You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!
    Go To RichardSkipper.com and click on the Yellow Star to Order Your Tickets Today



    This afternoon is also made possible by Wright Bros. Real Estate, Nyack, NY

    Sit Back! A New News Cycle Is About to Begin!


    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs , 
     






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    NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT INTENDED.  FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES ONLY!


    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!
     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com
















              Richard Skipper Celebrates JohnTrujillo and Three Sisters        
    John Trujillo

    “Progress always involves risks. You can’t steal second base and keep your foot on first.” – Frederick B. Wilcox

    Happy Tuesday April 4th, 2017!
    April 4 is the 94th day of the year. There are 271 days remaining until the end of the year.
    The day started out very rainy here in New York but the rain is subsiding. As I sit down to begin today's blog, I'm listening to Johnny Cash singing I Walk The Line in the background.
    It seems to be my lot today! I'm truly overwhelmed with so much! 
    Still dying to be at the opening night of Hello, Dolly! I have been putting that out to the universe since it was first announced. Don't
    Only the Universe knows if I will be at The Shubert Theater on April 20th!
    think I have a 'connection' with this musical, check out CallonDolly.com.

    A friend of mine has been bidding through Charity Buzz for opening night tickets. As of this writing, they are going for $10,000! She tells me, "it's not over till it's over", but I'm trying to protect myself from a huge disappointment. 
    On top of that, I spent an entire weekend for a photo (that doesn't exist) for an article that SOMEONE ELSE is writing on the subject! When does that stop in my life?

    I wear my emotions on my sleeve. What you see is what you get. I had a publicist tell me yesterday that some outlets won't pick up my press release with my name attached!
    Another Dolly! (Just for the fun of it!) Betty Grable
    It seems that I may have burned some bridges behind me. There are some who might question my putting this out there but if it is not addressed, it continues. My sole mission in life is to celebrate others. If I have hurt anyone, or offended anyone, or perhaps you just don't like me on my journey, I apologize. I am only trying to do the best I can. If I have made mistakes along the way, I'm sorry. As I move forward, I hope we can ALL celebrate each other and stop putting obstacles out there that are not needed. 

    Tonight, I celebrate Scott Barbarino at The Metropolitan Room in This Is Your Night. Tomorrow, I fly to LA to celebrate Jezebel as the kick off to the Turner Classic Movie Film Festival. On Saturday, I celebrate E. Y. (Yip) Harburg. But before all of that, today, I celebrate John Trujillo and his current production of The Three Sisters. Enjoy his journey!

    The cast of Three Sisters featuring John Trujillo at The Russian Arts Theater and Studio through Sunday.
    John grew up in Palo Alto, CA. Graduated 1992 from San Diego State with a BA History, MA in Political Science in 2002 from San Francisco State University. Started out performing stand-up in 2002. 
    Came to NYC in 2005. Taught political science at CUNY schools, mostly BMCC for 10 years. Studied improv at UCB and Magnet Theatre. Shifted focus to acting and singing in 2010. 

    Has performed 2 solo cabaret shows here in NY: "From NY to NY and Back Again," and The Ties that Bind." Performed Off-Broadway musicals Honestly Abe as Tom Lincoln, Yankee Peddler as Papa. Also George, and in Tchaikovsky as Rubenstein. played Scrooge in the 13th St Rep's production of A Christmas Carol and La Muse Venale's production of Guns, Shackles, and Winter Coats as the Vietnam Vet. Can currently be seen in the Russian Theater's production of Three Sisters, and in KBO Productions upcoming WWII musical Seven Day's Between Heaven and Hell.
     
    Three Sisters: Photo by Asya Danilova — with Reanna Armellino, Olga Ginzburg, Roman Freud, Michael Donaldson, Kseniya Vesenniya, Conor Martin Mulligan, John Trujillo, Jo Anne Ligon Sellers, Boris Brownstein, Ekaterina Golovina, David A. Russell, Maiia Gorohova and Ariel Polanco.
       

     
    Tell us about this this production of Three Sisters
    Why THIS project?

    Well, like many productions, it's just an opportunity I took...but there is a little backstory to it. A few years ago, I was cast in a production of  Three Sisters as Vershinin. It was with a relatively inexperienced director, though, who was probably in over his head with this production...
    We had rehearsed for three weeks, and I was falling in love with the character, Vershinin...Well, the production was cancelled three weeks into rehearsal...No money.

    Although, it was probably for the best...I could see how difficult the classic material of the great
    Russian playwright, Anton Chekhov was...and I don't think we would have done it justice...

    Well, last December, a director friend of mine, Aleksey Burago (whom I had studied with at HB Studio) mentioned he was doing the play this spring and needed a Vershinin, I jumped at the chance at redemption!...And I thought that this was the right man to handle this material (And, as it turns out, I couldn't have been more right!). Aleksey, a Russian native, is such a purist when it comes to theater - and especially Chekhov!...He was trained in Moscow Academy of Theater Arts (GITIS).

    Aleksey BuragoWith John Trujillo, Di Zhu, Michael Donaldson, David A. Russell, Ariel Polanco and Roman Freud.














    John auditioned for him and Di Zhu for the role of Vershinin...but alas, as he says, "fell just short".Aleksey liked his audition, but said he decided to go in another direction...Well, as we've all learned with theater, it's never over until it's over...John, like any classy actor, wished him good luck and said if anything changes let him know.

    Well, in late January, Di Zhu contacted John and said, someone dropped out, and he needed someone to play, Kulygin, another character in the play...It wasn't Vershinin, but John still just wanted to be a part of this wonderful play.

    And that's how John ended up in this show playing Kulygin...And he says that he is glad it turned out this way. He absolutely LOVES the actor they have playing Vershinin, Roman Freud. John says that he is amazing. According to John, he brings a combination of strength, vulnerability, and playfulness to the character that is so beautiful and John feels like Kulygin is just a better role for himself.

    And this production has exceeded even my lofty expectations...This play is not for inexperienced hands...Aleksey's direction and understanding of Chekhov has been so vital...It is such a beautiful production...I have actually seen people leaving the theater in tears...
    Three Sisters — with Jo Anne Ligon Sellers, Michael Donaldson, Toni Goldman, Di Zhu, John Trujillo, Reanna Armellino, Ekaterina Golovina and Ariel Polanco.
    Finish this sentence: I'm very bad at... Learning my lines...It's the least fun part of acting...but it's critical, obviously...I always wait until someone gives me a deadline before really committing to be off-book...Although, it's always so freeing once you really get your lines down and you can bring action and subtext to your words...and that's when you really start to meld with the character...
    With Michael Donaldson, Reanna Armellino, Roman Freud, Toni Goldman, Hazen Cuyler, John Trujillo, Aleksey Burago, James fordyce, Ekaterina Golovina, LuisaPuma Mua, David A. Russell and Jo Anne Ligon Sellers.

    If you could be any person for one day, who would you be and what would you do?

    I wish I could be one of the Beach Boys singing Don't Worry Baby on American Bandstand. I've watched that performance over and over again, and I always think how amazing that moment must have been. Art is about touching people's hearts and souls and I find that song - and so many of their songs - so moving, their incredible harmonies and the songs about young love inspired me and made me want to be a singer.

    I used The Warmth of the Sun in my first cabaret show, From New York to New York and Back Again. Having grown up in California, it always makes me nostalgic for my life there when I was young.


    If you had the opportunity to stand up for the NEA, what would you say?

    A world without great artists is a dull world...Even places like China and Russia use public dollars to nurture artists...even they understand the need for art...We need to do MORE to encourage the arts!


    What is it about the business that you think has changed for the better...and for the worst since you began in it? I think that the proliferation of social media and sites like YouTube and SoundCloud have given artists platforms to find their audiences
    better...and it nurtures and encourages more artists.
    Getting his NYPD on. On the set of an independent film, Accommodations,with his co-partner Officer Galagara.
    And while I love to see a great Broadway show where no expense is spared, I think the higher the costs rise to get a good show to stage, the more risky it becomes, and the less willing producers have been to take chances...

    There are still great stage shows that take lots of risks - Hamilton is the latest example, and of course, it's been a huge success...but too many shows are trying to overthink what they think audiences will want to see...I think we all like to see something new and different...and I applaud those risk takers.

    How important are the arts to you personally? 


    Art is my life now. It's amazing to me to think that I would have thought the last thing I would have been was an actor, singer, and an artist. I did act and sing when I was young, but I always just saw it as something to do while I was in school. Professional acting and singing was for other people.

    Are you making the kind of art that you envisioned you'd be making?

    No. I started out as a stand-up comedian and I haven't done stand-up in over 10 years, but that doesn't matter to me. The more I explore the arts, the more it takes me to places I would have never expected and you just have to take the opportunity where it comes and run with it.

    with Andrew Gruden
    How would you describe the arts scene where you grew up?

    I wouldn't say it was great...I grew up in Palo Alto, California...and we were lucky to attend what I would consider good public schools...but there was a nurturing of the arts...Classes were always putting on plays...singing in class...I was asked to join an All-City Choir of kids from all different schools in the district when I was in the 5th grade because I had earned a reputation as a good singer, I guess...and I never took it all that seriously, but we had a wonderful teacher...we sang 2-part harmonies...and I was always amazed at how good we sounded.

    Who was the most influential person on your work?

    So many of course...Singers: Cat Stevens, Frank Sinatra, The Beach Boys, Barry Manilow, Barbra Streisand...Actors: Matthew Broderick, Paul Newman, Jimmy Stewart...Comedians: Jerry Seinfeld, Tim Allen, Brian Regan, Ellen Degeneres..Directors: Frank Capra, Martin Scorsese, Woody Allen.

    Do you recall some great parties in real living rooms where people got up and sang and told stories?

    I don't remember much singing...but I grew up in a big family and extended family...and in my father's family people are less reserved...and we like to tell stories...
    Judith Ann Graham, Lauren Stanford, John Trujillo, Jessica Grové, Robin Dicker Westle, Cookie Stark, Sage Melcher and Andrew Gruden.

    Do you feel like you’re playing a party in somebody’s living room when you are on stage. 

    I can't say that. When I am on stage as an actor, I just try to live in the moment as if what were happening on stage was really happening. .I don't even think about the audience. I know they are there, but my character doesn't, so I try to live in my character's shoes..When I have done cabaret shows, I just try to be honest and real.

    What are you most proud of?

    I think I am most proud of the fact that I have learned to be a risk taker.. I was never one in high school or college. I was always playing it safe but I started to see that to succeed in significant ways you had to take risks and it was a great risk I took to come to New York City and I have struggled every step of the way but yet, I have persevered and am still pushing.

    What is the one song that resonates most with you?
    I was very moved by the song, No One is Alone by Sondheim from Into the Woods. I've never actually seen the show, but I didn't feel I needed to. The song is universal. I used it in my last cabaret show, The Ties that Bind. I sang it after talking about my oldest sister. There are five of us kids in  our family, but there is a bit of gap in ages between her and the rest of us who are all bunch in age. She said it sometimes made her feel alone..Whether people admit it, or not, the fear of being alone is in us all and sometimes we may feel it but yet.we are never alone but sometimes we need to be reminded.

    What has most surprised you about being in a stage production (cabaret show, singing, etc)? 

    I think it's wrong the stereotype of actors being vapid, not very smart. Actors arereally complicated and difficult, this line of work is.
    Understanding complex characters, plays, and songs requires a great deal of study and the people you work with are quite sharp and often well educated and navigating your way through this
    John and his musical performance teacher, Tony Award nominated actress, Lorraine Serabian
    world is so much more complicated than being a college professor ever was for me..
    Three Sisters has exceeded even my lofty expectations. This play is not for inexperienced hands. Aleksey's direction and understanding of Chekhov has been so vital. It is such a beautiful production. I have actually seen people leaving the theater in tears.


     Go This weekend to see John Trujillo and Three Sisters at The Russian Arts and Theater Studio.

    They don't have the cast quite right on that site, though...Here is the updated cast list:

    Andrey Sergeyevich Prozorov (Andrey).............David A. Russell
    Olga Sergeyevich (Oldest of the three sisters)..Toni Goldman
    Masha (Middle sister).........................................Di Zhu
    Irina (Youngest sister).........................................Reanna Armellino
    Natalya Ivavnova (Natasha)................................Ekaterina Golovina
    Fyodor Ilyich (Kulygin)........................................John Trujillo
    Alexander Ignatyevich (Vershinin).......................Roman Freud
    Baron Nicholai Lyvovich (Tuzenbach).................Ariel Polanco
    Vasily Vasilych (Solyoni)......................................Hazen Cuyler
    Ivan Romanich (Chebutykin)...............................Michael Donaldson
    Aleksey Petrovich (Fedotik)................................Boris Brownstein
    Ferapont.............................................................James Fordyce
    Anfisa.................................................................Jo Anne Sellers

    Director: Aleksey Burago
    ORDER TICKETS HERE
    The Balcony Theater
    West Park Presbyterian Church
    165 W86th Street
    New York, New York 10024

    Follow John on Twitter


    I also Recommend the following shows

    Craig Pomranz Reserve seats now - Craig @Cafe Noctambulo
    Friday - April 7th - 7:00 PM (dinner served from 6:00 PM)
    Friday - April 14th - 7:00 PM (dinner served from 6:00 PM)
    Cafe Noctambulo at Pangea
    "Tenor of the Times" * GQ Magazine * One of New York's most critically-acclaimed saloon singers"* New York Magazine * "The BEST male singer...his four-octave voice is alternately affecting, powerful, and nuanced; one of the finest instruments in the city.” * New York Post*
    Craig Pomranz: Winner- MAC Award New York’s “Best Male Vocalist 2012”
    is back from London and Los Angeles with his NEW show!

    OPEN MIC @ THE MET
    Sunday,April 9
    12:00 noon - 2:30 pm
    Doors open at 11:30 am
    TEX ARNOLD on Piano
    FEATURED SINGERS
    To Be Announced
    METROPOLITAN ROOM
    34 West 22 Street, NYC
    $15 Cover (CASH) & $10 Minimum
    To be guaranteed a number to sing, simply make a phone reservation and arrive at the club by 11:50 am
    Call for reservations any day after 1:00 pm
     212 206 - 0440.

    Joshua Lance Dixon pays tribute to the infamous Rat Pack with his new show, PACK OF ONE. From the Hollywood beginnings to the swingin' lounges of Atlantic City and Las Vegas, The Rat Pack dominated show business for over 3 decades.
    Back in the days when Vegas was dangerous and everybody smoked and drank, the Rat Pack ruled. The songs performed by Sammy, Frank and Dean, (no last names necessary) are some of the most beloved to come out of The Great American Songbook. Bistro Award winning vocalist, Dixon, breathes new life into classic hits from Fly Me to the Moon, and Luck Be a Lady, to Mister Bojangles and Everybody Loves Somebody, while capturing the white dinner jacket sophistication of a bygone era. With Direction by Lennie Watts and Musical Direction by Steven Ray Watkins, PACK OF ONE shows why Dixon took the top prize in Mama's Next BIG Act, 2016.

    Praise for PACK OF ONE:
    "Joshua lance Dixon has presence, charm, movie star looks, a glorious voice and lots of talent"

    "Dixon has scored a winner."

    "The singer who has great belt, has the sense to know when to use it....to get the most out of a lyric."

    "Dixon is capable of great depth in communicating the story of a song."
            -Marilyn Lester from Cabaret Scenes Magazine
     Saturday, April 15th at 7:00 PM
    Don't Tell Mama
    343 West 46th Street
    212-757-0788 or www.donttellmamanyc.com for reservations
    $20 Cover ($15 for MAC members) plus 2 Drink Minimum (CASH ONLY)

    Paul and Rochelle at the Movies - just 2 weeks away! April 17th at 7pm.
    Paul and Rochelle Chamlin's new show is coming up soon so please reserve now if you plan to attend.
    Reserving on The Metropolitan Room website is the preferred way -  there is a $5 discount when reserving online using the code "friends." Reserve HERE
    or call 212-206-0440
    $20 Cover/$25 food and beverage minimum.

    Paul has mined his considerable sheet music "stash" and come up with some terrific songs from movies both familiar (Meet Me in St. Louis, Royal Wedding) and obscure (A Date With Judy, Agatha). The show is directed by the legendary Marilyn Maye, with Tom Hubbard on bass and Daniel Glass on percussion.
    Visit www.thechamlins.com for videos, reviews, and more.

    Save The Date: Frank Frizalone will be performing his Songs of Sinatra show at The Met RoomNYC
    June 28th 7:PM Reservations required. Limited seating.

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!


    Maureen Kelley Stewart had her own successful show celebrating EY Harburg
    Words make you think. Music makes you feel. A song makes you feel a thought.” â€” E. Y. “Yip” Harburg

    Let's Celebrate: Richard Skipper Celebrates E.Y. (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY! April 8th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. 

    Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates...EY (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY!

    Richard will be joined by Karen Oberlin, Leslie Orofino, Maureen Kelley Stewart AND...A MYSTERY GUEST

    All under the musical Direction of Daryl Kojak with Rex Benincasa on percussion and Jeff Carney on bass. This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please ReserveToday

    Nobody celebrates legends like Richard Skipper.
    The interior of the Laurie Beechman Theatre
    If one of your faves is being feted, there's nowhere on earth more fun to be. 

    And honestly even if you don't care about the honoree, master showman Richard and his talented crew serve up a fabulously good time. -Ben Rimalower

    $30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person

    You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!

    https://web.ovationtix.com/trs/pe.c/10155315

     

    Sit Back! A New News Cycle Is About to Begin!


    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs , 
     





    Click on banner to go to website



    NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT INTENDED.  FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES ONLY!


    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!
     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com











              Lisa Dennett and WOMEN OF INFLUENCE         
    Celebrating Lisa Dennett
    Don't sweat the small stuff.

    Happy Sunday, April 2nd!

    April 2 is the 92nd day of the year. There are 273 days remaining until the end of the year.
    Today's blog is dedicated to Gilbert Baker who created the Rainbow flag. He transitioned earlier this week at the age of 65. That is TOO YOUNG! I'll be 65 in 9 years! I wonder if I'll be able to leave behind as lasting a legacy. Thank you, Gilbert!
    I love rainbows and thanks for the color you brought into the world and will always be here as a testament to YOU!

    I'm having a rough day here! I just spent a weekend trying to find a photo for a PR firm who has asked someone to write an article about a subject that I have spent the last seven years researching and writing about. I think you can read between the lines. When do I have to stop trying to prove myself and am just that person that people reach out to based on my expertise? That is the question I am asking the universe today!  I have a full weekend of music behind me. As I begin today's blog, I am listening to Little Eva singing Do The Locomotion on the 60s channel on Sirius XM Radio. 

    Yesterday afternoon, I had a rehearsal with Daryl Kokak to go go over my songs for our celebration of Yip Harburg next week. If you are in NY and follow my blogs, I hope you can join us. I would LOVE to see you!  Go to RichardSkipper.com and click on the yellow star to order your tickets. It is a MUST! Lots of surprises in store! 
    Lisa Dennett
    Yesterday, I did a double header at Don't Tell Mama: Leslie Orofino and Lynne Charnay, both brilliant shows. Lynne was celebrating her 92nd Birthday(!) and Leslie was celebrating Cole Porter.  Not sure when Lynne will be doing her next show but Leslie returns on April 20th at 7PM at Don't Tell Mama. Leslie is also one of my guests in my Harburg celebration on Saturday. 

    I can admit it freely now. Throughout my career, whether in business and in my capacity as a entertainer, one of the most common challenges I face daily is how to engage others to take action. Even when it comes to my blog, I reached out last week with a post on Facebook, that if anyone had something to promote, to please contact me privately, and I would include them in my blog. It is difficult to get people to do something. I find this extremely frustrating. Especially when I really desire to help everyone fill seats for their events.
    I sometimes wonder if I communicate well enough or if I motivate enough. I try to not confuse good communication with good motivation. It certainly doesn't mean anyone was motivated to take action from what you said. What exactly do I need to do to motivate more people?
    I realize that some people can have a desire to do something and still choose not to do anything.

    This blog, I hope, is an effective method in taking mere words and making them more real, or relatable.
    Not everyone has the same point of view or shares your values.
    People in the arts are diverse and I LOVE sharing their stories and celebrating their body of 'worth'. 
    It may be difficult for you to relate to others because your own life experiences and factors are so different.
    In a perfect world, an entertainer puts on a show, and an audience just shows up.
    When an artist's passions align to the needs of an audience member, magic happens.
    As Broadway gets 'larger', it becomes difficult to

    have audiences who all share the same passion of intimate entertainment.

    We have to embrace it all.  When we allow our differences to get in the way, people shut down and stop listening.
    Do my Facebook, Twitter, Pinterest, LinkedIN, Instagram followers have more things that divide or unite us?     


    Is everyone aware of the POTENTIAL for commonality?
     Passions, along with emotions are factors in how people make decisions to take action.
    Emotions influence people to engage and take action.
    with Wendy Lane Bailey and Sally Mayes
    We tend to take action about things we are passionate about. I am passionate about Lisa and the work she is doing and therefore this blog today is a labor of LOVE!



    When I interview, I desire that my subjects not be afraid to share their passions and reasons why.

    My goal is to be authentic, genuine and take time tell their story.  

    Today, I find joy in bringing you all together to meet Lisa Dennett.
    A born and bred New Yorker,  Lisa has always been drawn to the arts. 

    She has loved the
    theater since she was a girl and spent a semester of her senior year year in high school interning
    with an off-Broadway theater and arts center.
     She has studied art from drawing to painting, continues to take dance classes and recently returned to singing, her first love.Favorite roles include Sarah in Company and Emma Goldman in Ragtime.
    A Star Is Born!
    She loves ensemble work and improvisation and has been enjoying doing more on-camera work.
     Lisa is passionate about advocating for all kids having creative arts experiences. She is the founder/executive director of Interactive Drama for Education and Awareness in the Schools(I.D.E.A.S.) which brings improvisation-based programs to youth with disabilities and disadvantaged youth. Lisa also firmly believes that the child inside of all of us should live long and play forever.
    A certified American Sign Language interpreter, between performances, readings and workshops Lisa continues to interpret in a variety of settings  and often works with Deaf youth.

    In her spare time she enjoys baking,white water rafting and cycling to raise money for charities.
    She lives with her husband and cat Squeak Pea.
    Why Women of Influence?
    Since really getting into the cabaret scene - beyond sitting in the audience in adulation of talented performers - I find myself wanting to do a new show every year.
    If only I had the funds to produce a show every year!
    This project is special for me in two completely different ways.
    In the ongoing challenge to have women be equal to men in pay and respect I found myself thinking of all the women in my life, those known to me and even those I never met but know through music. I thought ...what a wonderful way to honor some special women and revisit favorite songs. Second, is wanting to make this show accessible to as many people as possible.
    This doesn't only mean a reasonable cover charge, but also accessible to people with disabilities.
    I have worked with kids and adults with varying disabilities for decades and they are truly an overlooked audience resource as well as a wealth of talent!
    My show is fully interpreted in American Sign
    Language (yes, many deaf people can and do enjoy music) and features a Deaf performer.
    I searched high and low for a fully wheelchair accessible club, but they are very few and far between.
    What does fully wheelchair accessible mean? A wheelchair user should be able to get into the club and room with no stairs, via a ramp, elevator, whatever, plus (and this is often the hard part) have a wheelchair accessible bathroom.
    With Karen Mason
    After all, most clubs have a two-drink minimum.
    While they do have an ramp for club entrance, unfortunately Don't Tell Mama doesn't have an accessible bathroom, but keeping accessibility in mind for this show has me well prepared for the next one. Progress with each show, I'm good with that.

    Finish this sentence: I'm very bad at... schmoozing.
    I love to talk to people but I'm not so good at making small talk with people I really should be talking to and connecting with. I'd much rather have a real conversation. I don't think schmooze fests are real talk.

    If you could be any person for one day, who would you be and what would you do? 
    Oh wow, that is an excellent question.  One that I actually don't have an answer for.

    If you had the opportunity to stand up for the NEA, what would you say?
    This I have a lot to say about, not only as a performer but as the founder/director of a small nonprofit theater education company (www.IDEASdrama.org). The NEA is just the beginning. This country already pales by comparison to other civilized countries in it's support of the arts.

    For anyone who is in support of dismantling the NEA and support of the arts I say this: Imagine a day, one single day, without ANY art. You'd have to imagine it because it's impossible to avoid. Art is so much a part of our lives. So much so that people don't realize it.  So just imagine one day with absolutely no music. No musicals, no cabaret, no concerts, but also no CDs, no downloads, no iTunes. Gone. Imagine no actors. No live theater, no  movies, no television, no Netflix. Gone.  No dance. There's no music, so those often go hand in hand. 
    Social function? Hmm... food, tables, chairs, talking, okay, but certainly not the same.  Ethnic cultures include the arts. Stripping away arts is stripping away personal heritage. Visual art is ALL AROUND US. Stop where you are an look around. 
    Elise May, Lisa Dennett, Dr. Elise Sobol, Ronnie Shuster, Tessa Derfner
    I would bet there is something hanging on the wall that is art. There's a piece of furniture that is art. Do you wear jewelry? Art. Do you wear clothes that are more than sacks and cloths? Art. Seriously, think about it. Art is life. It is not something surrounding life that we can get rid of. It is part of life.

    What is it about the business that you think has changed for the better...and for the worst since you began in it?
     Well, I've been in and out for decades. I stopped singing for many years and returned. Even acting took a back seat while I nurtured my little nonprofit organization, which includes doing a lot of improvisation.

    12 weeks of drama workshops with youth with visual impairments, ending in a student-generated original theater showcase. Created by. Lisa Dennett
    I think one thing that has changed for the better is how many outlets there are now.
    When you are trying to motivate people to take action, it is important to remember the role that emotions may play.
    The internet has changed everything.
    You can share music/theater/performance with so many more people than you could reach before.  What has changed for the worse? There seems to be more and more emphasis on what success means. If you haven't played at a certain club, if you haven't been on Broadway it's viewed as you're just a hack with a hobby when that isn't the case at all.

    How important are the arts to you personally? 
    Well, I hope that came across in my NEA answer, but the arts are essential to me. I've had my hand in a bit of everything. I studied art as a child, painted until college, dance is still my

    preferred exercise and then of course singing and acting, my first loves.

    Are you making the kind of art that you envisioned you'd be making? 

    Oh gosh, sometimes yes and sometimes no. I think my vision has changed and continues to change. I never wanted to do any camera work and now I love television and film work. I'm happy when a new project reveals itself that might not be anything like what I'd envisioned myself doing. That's part of the fun and challenge.

    How would you describe the arts scene where you grew up?
    Well, believe it or not I'm one of the few performers in NYC that actually grew up here.


    with Liz Callaway
    Who was the most influential person on your work?   


    I don't think I can boil this down to one person.
     


    Do you recall some great parties in real living rooms where people got up and sang and told stories?
    Yes, living rooms, bars, songs, stories. I reveal nothing 😉


    Do you feel like you’re playing a party in somebody’s living room when you are on stage? 
    In cabaret, yes. I like to evoke the feeling of playing in my living room - where of course I've always done my best singing - and the audience are my invited guests. Last year I did a show on my birthday and had mini cupcakes for everyone. That certainly helped create an intimate feel.


    What are you most proud of? I'm most proud of I.D.E.A.S. I never had any intention to start a company. I was an artist who saw a lack of creative theater programs offered to kids with disabilities.  
    So I developed a program. That's all I really wanted, was to do the program. It became clear that do continue to do the program I would have to incorporate and really go full throttle.

    I had no arts administration training, but I learned a lot of what not to do from working with and watching other theater companies.

    Is the company where I want it to be. No, but to have survived for more than 15 years is something to be proud of.

    What is the one song that resonates most with you?


    Just one!??

    Lisa will be debuting an original song in her show called I Want To Sing Like Karen Mason. Karen is not the only singer mentioned, but also Sally Mayes, Wendy Lane Bailey (photo above) and the Callaway (Ann and Liz) sisters.
    Well, Lisa, you have resonated with me today! Thank you!!
      
    April 9th at 4:00 Lisa Dennett returns to Don't Tell Mama with Women of Influence, songs and stories for the women of her life. The show is the first of it's kind to be interpreted in Sign Language and feature a guest deaf performer. $15 cover, $10 for MAC members + 2 drink minimum. Make your reservation here for Women of Influence on April 9th!

    Would LOVE to see you on Saturday!

    Maureen Kelley Stewart had her own successful show celebrating EY Harburg
    If you’re a star of stage or screen, and you plan on being honored, Richard Skipper is the man you want for the job!-Michael Barberieri, QlifeMagazine.com

    Let's Celebrate: Richard Skipper Celebrates E.Y. (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY! April 8th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. 

    Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates...EY (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY!

    Richard will be joined by Karen Oberlin, Leslie Orofino, Maureen Kelley Stewart , a selection from Harlem Repertory Theater's  Jazz Production of The Wizard of Oz.. AND...A MYSTERY GUEST

    All under the musical Direction of Daryl Kojak with Rex Benincasa on percussion and Jeff Carney on bass. 

    This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please ReserveToday

    Nobody celebrates legends like Richard Skipper.
    The interior of the Laurie Beechman Theatre
    If one of your faves is being feted, there's nowhere on earth more fun to be. And honestly even if you don't care about the honoree, master showman Richard and his talented crew serve up a fabulously good time.
    -Ben Rimalower

    $30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person

    You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!

    https://web.ovationtix.com/trs/pe.c/10155315

     

    Sit Back! A New News Cycle Is About to Begin!


    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs ,
     





    Click on banner to go to website



    NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT INTENDED.  FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES ONLY!


    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!

     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com
     







              Judi Mark, Lucille Carr-Kaffashan, The Chita Rivera Awards...and MORE!        
    If you're not having fun, you're doing something wrong.
    Groucho Marx

    Happy Friday, March 31st, 2017!
    March 31 is the 90th day of the year. There are 275 days remaining until the end of the year.
    It is a rainy day here in New York and I am listening to Jenny Burton and The Jenny Burton Experience singing I Want My Life Back as I embark on today's blog. Today is the last day of Women's History Month - There have been and are many women who inspire me. Some of those women are mentioned in this blog in bold.
    Jenny was someone I knew in the early days of my cabaret career.
    Our paths were always crisscrossing at Don't Tell Mama, a place where I made my cabaret debut.
    I frequently find myself 'going home'.

    This past Sunday night, I went to see Sharon McNight who was doing a show celebrating her beginnings at Don't Tell Mama in 1987, a few years before I began.
    Tomorrow night, I head back for a double header, Leslie Orofino at 5PM and Lynne Charnay, celebrating her 90th birthday, at 7PM.
    www.leslieorofino.com
    COCKTAILS WITH COLE
    with Leslie Orofino and her fabulous trio
    Sat., April 1 at 5:00 and Thurs. April 20 at 7:00 at Don't Tell Mama's.
    Daryl Kojak ~ piano, John Loehrke ~ bass and Rex Benincasa on drums. Beloved Sidney Myer will be their guest singer on April 1. Directed by Louis Pietig.
    Dedicated to Miss Julie Wilson.
    Reserve today after 4pm call 212-757-0788 or www.donttellmamanyc.com

    Actress/Singer, Leslie Orofino has been enchanting sold out audiences with her sultry voice from New York City's legendary
    Algonquin's Hotel's Oak Room (now defunct) to Napa Valley's Silverado Country Club for over 20 years. Ms. Orofino has several critically acclaimed
    cabaret acts and appears with her trio in nightclubs, theaters and benefits.
    International Cabaret Star, Julie Wilson exclaimed, " She's a winner...Leslie has a certain elegance mixed with sex appeal that sells each and every song. She's also a great comedian."

    Some of Leslie's s musical theater credits range from lead roles as Sharon in Finian's Rainbow, as Mother Abbess in the Sound of Music, Miss Hannigan in Annie, Reno Sweeney in Anything Goes, Meg Broke in Brigadoon at the St. Bart's Players in N.Y.C. to the Westport Country Playhouse as Kay Goodman in Nite Club Confidential.

    Dave Nathan said of Ms. Orofino's CD , Moonlight Cocktails, "She delivers each and every song with ease and aplomb. Solid cabaret
    and highly recommended." Available on CDbaby.com.

    This has been an exciting month for Lucille Carr-Kaffashan! Lucille Carr Kaffashan is an interesting cabaret performer who understand lyric. She is also smart in her singing choices. Her material is from currant female singer/songwriters of the day and I have to admit, I did not know most of this material, which is rich in context and melodic in tone. She is backed by an incredible band consisting of Musical Director and Pianist, Jeff Cubeta, Sean Harkness on Guitar and Matt Scharfglass on Bass, the audience was transported into the emotionality of the material without worrying about vocal techniques or arrangements. Ms. Kaffashan has a wonderful range and a voice that soothes.  (Source: Times Square Chronicles)

    Lucille and musical director Jeff Cubeta were both honored with Bistro Awards at the 32nd annual Bistro Awards show and ceremony on March 13th. Jeff’s award is for “Musical Direction”, and her was for Outstanding Theme Show for her most recent cabaret production, Unwritten, Celebrating 21st Century Female Singer-Songwriters.

    To celebrate their awards, and just because this show is so much fun, they are bringing Unwritten
    Jeff Cubeta
    back to Don’t Tell Mama for two performances, on Saturday, April 29 and Thursday, May 4, at 7 pm. Please join them and and their incredible musicians Sean Harkness and Matt Scharfglass. Unwritten features a mix of joyful, touching, thought-provoking and laughter-inducing 21st century songs written by outstanding artists such as Adele, Sara Bareilles, Susan Werner, Meghan Trainor and Tracy Chapman.



    All the details are in the flyer (pictured) . If you’ve seen the show before and would like to see it again, contact Lucille and she'll happily arrange to waive the cover charge for you!

    Times Square Chronicles:  “…Ms. Carr-Kaffashan has great interpretation that brings the music alive in so many ways…definitely a singer to catch and to follow to see where she goes next… She has the chops…the talent and…the charisma that audiences will fall in love with.”

    Theater Pizzazz: “…a witty and moving musical exploration”

    Also coming up in April:

    April 30th 4pm – Lucille will be a guest performer in the Ann McCormack/Woody Regan show “Groovin” at Don’t Tell Mama

    There's a lot happening in the world of entertainment and I want to share some of it with you today.
    Fred and Adele Astaire Awards Renamed to Honor Broadway Legend Chita Rivera by Broadway.com Andy Lefkowitz - The formerly named Fred and Adele Astaire Awards will be re-established as The Chita Rivera Awards for Dance and Choreography, the nonprofit American Dance Machine announced. ... Now carrying the namesake of a two-time Tony-winning dance icon, the Chita Rivera Awards will be presented under the auspices of American Dance Machine, an organization dedicated to the preservation of great musical-theater choreography. (Source: Broadway Briefing)


    Highly Recommended: SALON – that unique, MULTIPLE AWARD WINNING, Weekly Open Mic Event, created and hosted by Mark Janas will return to Etcetera, Etcetera - 352 West 44th Street, NYC 10036 – on Sunday, April 2nd from 7-10:00PM. (Sign-Up Begins at 6:15.)songs written by outstanding artists such as Adele, Sara Bareilles, Susan Werner, Meghan Trainor and Tracy Chapman.

    Scott Barbarino has truly been an asset in the NYC entertainment scene AND to ME and deserves the honor and respect by his friends and fellow entertainers. I'm even singing a song! Come and celebrate the life and contributions made by Mr. Barbarino on Tuesdaynight, April 4th. Show your support by calling Metropolitan Room at 212.206.0440
    $10 OFF for MAC (Manhattan Association of Cabarets and Clubs)  Members.
    Up On The Marquee: THE LITTLE FOXES.
     Manhattan Theatre Club's new Broadway production of Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes under the direction of Tony Award winner Daniel Sullivan, is currently in previews at the Samuel J. Friedman Theatre. Laura Linney (Time Stands Still, Sight Unseen) and Cynthia Nixon (Rabbit Hole, Wit), will alternate playing the roles of Regina and Birdie, appearing opposite each other at every performance. (Source: BroadwayWorld.com)
     

    I think Robert Osborne is smiling down on me! OMG! Look what just happened to me. I normally don't win things!

    "Hello Richard! Congrats! You were picked by our judges as the winner of the TCM Backlot “Introduce a Movie at TCMFF” contest. "'They really liked your video – your clear love of Jezebel, your ease in front of a camera, your natural stage presence – and your jacket, I must add."
    Yacov Freedman TCM Backlot Manager Thank you

    If you happen to be in South Florida tomorrow (No Fooling!) Saturday April 1
    JayCee Driesen will be performing at The Festival Marketplace
    2900 W Sample Road Pompano Beach Showtime 1:00 pm

    This is a Free Concert so bring your friends!
    Singing And Shopping makes her a Happy Girl!!

    A fun afternoon will be had by all...

    Today, my Featured Artist Is Judi Mark!

    I FEEL A SONG COMING ON!
    Judi Mark returns to the Boca Black Box Theater with an EXCITING new show: an evening of song, dance, and special guest artists with the Phil Hinton Trio!
    Buy Tickets Here


    Please save the date: April 5, Wednesday, 7-9 PM in Boca Raton, Florida.

    Over the course of her long career in show business, performer Judi Mark has sung and danced her way through dinner theaters, cabarets and distinguished venues like The Algonquin and The Copacabana. Mark pulled together many of her experiences on the stage into her one-woman show, 'Judi Mark: Dancing Through Life," which paid tribute to the singers and dancers who inspired her throughout her career. Now, Mark is back with her newest one-woman show, I Feel a Song Coming On.
    This tribute to old Broadway and Hollywood nostalgia at the Boca Black Box in Boca Raton features music by The Phil Hinton Trio, among other special guests.

    Judi tells me that it's time for a NEW show with the focus on

    Entertainment, SONG, DANCE SPECIAL GUESTS, A TRIO…  The more the merrier!


    Finish this sentence: I'm very bad at... promoting myself.

    Who are Judi's artistic heroes – who have had an impact on her and your work? Liza Minnelli inspired Judi in her early days.  Also triple threat and comedic dancers like Shirley MacLaine. And, SHE LOVES LUCY!

    One thing Judi would like to change about this profession and why.

    I question if it is a “Profession”. 
    The business seems extremely political, driven by money and exploitation of artists. Equity, SAG-AFTRA and others protect their members but Cabaret artists are not protected.
    I heard that in the good old day there used to be agents and managers that really nurtured and helped performing artists and then got paid for their work.  
    Now, an artist is vulnerable and exploited for the amount of money they can bring to the agent already packaged.

    What is it about the business that Judi thinks has changed for the better...and for the worst since she began in it?

    Performing opportunities and venues have increased throughout the country. And that is good.  The worst is trying to get an agent who will be helpful and motivated.


    How important are the arts to you personally?

    Very important.  It has been my life’s work. 


    Are you making the kind of art that you envisioned you'd be making?

    It is always evolving in a creative and fun way.


    How would you describe the arts scene where you grew up?

    My mother was a pianist so live music was a daily listening and bonding experience. Classical ballet was a must for me but a trek to get to classes from the suburbs to downtown in Chicago. Community musical theater was a place for me to perform.  My father was an electronic engineer and owned a recording company and label. He managed singers when I was young and they played in ‘grown up venues’ in Chicago. It seemed mysterious, glamorous and intriguing to my young self.
    Judi Mark and Jeff Harnar. Photo by: Rose Billings/Blacktiemagazine.com
    Who was the most influential person on your work?

    My mother. Her grace, style and touch of the piano keys was something I admired as a young girl.  I liked her taste in music too-from classical to show tunes and popular.  She also wrote songs.

    Do you recall some great parties in real living rooms where people got up and sang and told stories?
    No.  We had to remove our shoes.  No parties there.  It was more like a museum.  I remember a statue of THE Venus De Milo in the living room. I realized at a young age that it was important to keep my figure.


    Do you feel like you’re playing a party in somebody’s living room when you are on stage.
    Not yet but I’m going in that direction! 

    What are you most proud of?
    I have accomplished so much as a performing artist: dancing, singing, acting, teaching, producing concerts and event.  I take pride on being independent.  I am also proud of my work teaching literally thousands of students that have become successful in the performing arts.

    What is the one song that resonates most with you?
    Today’s song: I Feel A Song Coming On







    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!



    Maureen Kelley Stewart had her own successful show celebrating EY Harburg
    Words make you think. Music makes you feel. A song makes you feel a thought.” â€” E. Y. “Yip” Harburg

    Let's Celebrate: Richard Skipper Celebrates E.Y. (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY! April 8th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. 

    Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates...EY (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY!

    Richard will be joined by Karen Oberlin, Leslie Orofino, Maureen Kelley Stewart AND...A MYSTERY GUEST

    All under the musical Direction of Daryl Kojak with Rex Benincasa on percussion and Jeff Carney on bass. This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please ReserveToday

    Nobody celebrates legends like Richard Skipper.
    The interior of the Laurie Beechman Theatre
    If one of your faves is being feted, there's nowhere on earth more fun to be. And honestly even if you don't care about the honoree, master showman Richard and his talented crew serve up a fabulously good time.
    -Ben Rimalower

    $30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person

    You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!

    https://web.ovationtix.com/trs/pe.c/10155315

     

    Sit Back! A New News Cycle Is About to Begin!


    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs ,
     





    Click on banner to go to website



    NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT INTENDED.  FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES ONLY!


    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!

     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com





              Susan Eichhorn Young: Why, Anita Gillette as Mae Peterson, and MORE!        

    Susan Eichhorn Young
     'Wherever you are, be all there! Live to the hilt every situation you believe to be the will of God.'
    - Jim Elliot

    Happy March 28th!
    March 28 is the 87th day of the year. It is a rainy day here in NY and I am listening to my dear departed friend Shelly Cullin singing on my iPod, You Do Something To Me.
    I was introduced to her many years ago in my 'Carol Channing' days by Trevor Logan who managed The now defunct Plush Room in San Francisco.

    Shelly was in the ORIGINAL company of Lend An Ear in May 1948 in Los Angeles, California. Gower Champion became involved and went from advisor to choreographer to being credited as "Dances and Musical Numbers Staged by..." Lend an Ear premiered at the Las Palmas Theatre, Los Angeles, on June 14, 1948. In that company was Carol Channing, who went on to Broadway and the rest is history. Shelly did not go to Broadway but had a successful singing career.
    I was lucky to call Shelly (and husband Bill) my friends.
    As I look back over my life, I have been fortunate with all the people that have come through my life.
    Anita Gillette as Mae Peterson! Are you paying attention NBC?
    They have all helped to shape who I am today.
    Tonight is the MAC (Manhattan Association of Cabarets and Clubs) Awards here in NYC. Alas, I am unable to attend this year. I wish all involved a highly successful fun filled evening.
    One friend in particular who is nominated tonight is Anita Gillette. I absolutely love this woman and I am lucky enough to call her friend and I have been lucky enough to share a stage with her as well a few times.
    Anita and Rosie together again!
    When I heard that the next NBC Live musical (set for December) is doing Bye Bye Birdie, I immediately thought of Anita as Mae Peterson!
    It will be starring Jennifer Lopez as Rosie. Anita and Rosie have already appeared together on screen, in the film Shall We Dance?
    NBC Entertainment chairman Bob Greenblatt said that Jennifer went to them and said, 'I love this movie and I'd love to do it,'". Asked if she'd do it live, Lopez — who Greenblatt pointed out has a show in Las Vegas where she performs the song "Lot of Livin'" from the musical  â€” responded, "Absolutely."
    In my research, I discovered that Anita HAS played Mae!
    It's a no-brainer! She can act! She can sing!! She has impeccable timing! AND she has played more mothers than anyone I know! Harvey Fierstein, who do I speak to? NBC, are you listening?

    Today, I also celebrate Susan Eichorn Young!
    Susan’s introduction to the world of theatre began as a child, as she carried the scripts for the plays her dramaturge father was directing and producing, to rehearsals. She became his assistant, and often read lines for the actors who were not at certain rehearsals! At the age of 4, her dad needed a child extra for an opening scene, and her foot hit the boards and the rest, they say, is history!
    Susan grew up in a small town in Saskatchewan, Canada.  Believe it or not, they still had access to great training and performing arts, even if they had to travel to see it!
     It is, now more than ever,  NECESSARY in order to take a stand for the integrity of human kind. She was very blessed to have a family that was in the arts , so she  was immersed in it from the beginning of her life.

    I asked Susan, Why this show?
    She tells me that it is now the time to return to the stage in a one-woman show.
    She and her husband Thomas Young were in a near fatal auto accident in 2011. Life changed significantly for both.  She had been on stage as a “guest” here and there, but she hadn’t started creating again for a full show, simply because she felt she couldn’t.
    with one of her students, Katy Lindhart






    She knew she was stronger physically,  even though there are still, to this day, many challenges, she has been building her stamina to do a show again.  She desired to re-emerge in that “new normal” and create something that might reveal some universal truths through her journey.

    She approached her friend and colleague, Trent Armand Kendall,  to see if he would be interested in coming on board to direct, and they began the collaboration of honing in to discover what Susan really wanted to say, and wanted to reveal.  According to Susan, Trent is great at taking an overview and getting to the necessary specificity to build something honest. Steven Ray Watkins came on board as music director,  and Susan tells me that his brilliance for arrangements for her voice and her musical footprint has added much depth.
    with husband Thomas Young

    Susan and her team “re-emerged” in November of 2016 at The Laurie Beechman Theatre to a sold out house - and she was home again!
    April 13th they bring it back - with more detail and specificity.  "Don’t we always do that?  Projects are never “done” - they are always morphing and developing."

    Finish this sentence: I'm very bad at...procrastination if I don’t feel fully inspired!

    Who are Susan's artistic heroes
     â€“ who have had an impact on her and her work? 
    So many…Maria Callas, Teresa Stratas, Annie Lennox,  Meryl Streep,  Viola Davis,  her voice teacher and her friend, Irena Welhasch-Baerg;  and many of her  students in the voice studio inspire her daily.
    with Amy Marie Stewart

    If Susan had the opportunity to stand up for the NEA, what would she say?  
    As stated earlier, she is a Canadian by birth,  but has lived in the US for well over a decade full time.  She believes in the arts are crucial in the develop of the human spirit.  It is HUMANITY that creates a society.
    "We need to nurture that in the lives of our children if we want our society to grow and develop.  Having a clear platform that supports the development of that through the NEA is not an 'extra'."

    What is it about the business that Susan thinks has changed for the better...and for the worst since she began in it?
    Susan thinks slowly, ever so slowly,  more diversity is being invited to the table.  We aren’t there yet, but it’s coming.
    She believes that with the “American Idol” mentality,  too many people think they want a career, yet have no real
    training or craft or understanding about what that actually means.
    As a voice teacher,  she sees that regularly.

    How important are the arts to Susan personally?  
    They are everything.  She grew up surrounded by music, theatre, literature and learning to think critically.  She can’t even imagine being alive without them.
    Is Susan making the kind of art thatshe envisioned she'd be making? 
    Life takes us in all kinds of directions,  and
    One of my favorite photos with Susan
    sometimes throws curve balls.
    She always desired to sing,  to act,  to create.
     The “where” continued to morph and she tried to let go of that to allow the possibilities to be what they were. When Susan is creating something true and honest and challenging herself,  then she is making the kind of art she has envisioned. 
    another fabulous shot by James E. Alexander, SneakPeek Photography! and hair/makeup by Bridie Coughlan

    Gearing up for the show next Saturday!


    To see what is in front of one’s nose needs a constant struggle.
     -- George Orwell

    Jazz hands before the age of one! HA!
    When it comes to Susan's work, her father is a true hero. She tells me that he was an artist in the truest sense, and he taught her how to think,  how to query,  how to discover and look for more. Susan tells me that he will always be her hero. He believed in her, even when she couldn’t believe in herself.


    Susan remembers many living room parties through the years in different cities in different countries
    with J. Ernest Green
    that she has been honored to be a part of - many impromptu and always inspiring!
    with Valerie Lemon


    Like most in our cabaret community, Susan sometimes feels like she's playing a party in somebody’s living room when she  is on stage. 
    Sometimes!  Cabaret does allow for that proximity and that intimacy. 
    One of the many reasons why she loves the genre.

    What is Susan most proud of?  Being a mother.  Her daughter,  Erin Elizabeth Eichhorn,  has always been the true light in Susan's world.
    What is the one song that resonates most with Susan?
    Whatever she sang last!


    Susan's Website
    Cabaret Scenes review
     Don't miss Susan Eichhorn Young when she returns to The Laurie Beechman Theater on April 13th! Order your tickets HERE.

    Tomorrow, I celebrate Wayne Stafford

    On Sunday afternoon, I was lucky enough to interview David France. How nice to get this testimonial today: Thank you, Prof. Patricia Lander!

    Richard Skipper did a magnificent job on Sunday March 26 interviewing David France, author of "How To Survive A Plague" at the Nyack Library.  Richard had great rapport but also asked questions that cut into the material from different angles, which certainly added to the liveliness of the answers.  The interview added a great deal to what might have been simply an author's "reading."
    Prof. Patricia Lander, Nanuet, NY

    That's not all that happened to me today!
    "Hello Richard! Congrats! You were picked by our judges as the winner of the TCM Backlot “Introduce a Movie at TCMFF” contest. "'They really liked your video – your clear love of Jezebel, your ease in front of a camera, your natural stage presence – and your jacket, I must add."
    Yacov Freedman TCM Backlot Manager


    Click HERE to see the winning clip.

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!


    Sit back! A new news cycle is about to begin!
    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!



    With grateful XOXOXs ,
     



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    NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT INTENDED.  FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES ONLY!


    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Let's Celebrate: Richard Skipper Celebrates EY (YIP) HARBURG)
    ON HIS BIRTHDAY! April 8th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates...EY (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY!

    Richard will be joined by Karen Oberlin, Leslie Orofino, Maureen Kelley Stewart AND...Other Special Surprises!

    Karen Oberlin

    All under the musical Direction of Daryl Kojak with Rex Benincasa on percussion and Jeff Carney on bass. This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please Reserve Today

    Nobody celebrates legends like Richard Skipper. If one of your faves is being feted, there's nowhere on earth more fun to be. And honestly even if you don't care about the honoree,
    Leslie Orofino
    master showman Richard and his talented crew serve up a fabulously good time.
    -Ben Rimalower


    $30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person

    You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!


    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!

     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com

     




     







              Nicolas King: A New CD.. AND MORE!        
    Happy March 27th, 2017!
    March 27 is the 86th day of the year. It is a rainy day here in New York. As I sit down to begin today's blog, I'm listening to The Andrews Sisters singing Mister Five by Five on the 40s channel on Sirius XM Radio.

    Today is Gloria Swanson's Birthday. I was lucky enough to meet her shortly after I moved to New York in 1979, a
    Happy Birthday to "Sassy" Sarah Vaughan
    memory I will never forget!

    It is also Sarah Vaughan's birthday. I regret that I never saw her live but I'm a huge fan.
    Michael York, who starred in Cabaret with Liza Minnelli and Joel Grey!

    Speaking of cabaret, tomorrow officially ends cabaret month here with the MAC (Manhattan Association of Cabarets and Clubs) Awards. Unfortunately, a conflict precludes my attending. I wish all the nominees and everyone else a fun filled successful evening. The festivities take place at B.B. King Blues Club in Times Square.
    Richard Skipper Celebrates EY Harburg on April 8th 1PM Laurie Beechman Theater
    I want all who see this to set aside a minimum of five minutes today for taking a walk outdoors or in your home. 
    As you do this, reflect on those things that you are grateful for.  Perhaps you're grateful for the beautiful flowers growing in a nearby park, a refrigerator full of food in your home, or a kind neighbor on your street. Try to stay in the moment and concentrate on your feelings of gratitude until the walk is over.
    Most people tend to see the same things day after day, taking people and objects in our lives for granted.
    Taking a gratitude walk in your everyday environment can give you a lasting emotional health boost.
    I'm grateful that Karen Oberlin is part of my EY Harburg Celebration. (Details Below)



    I am grateful for my friends and the good times we have together. This weekend I saw two shows that were top notch. First, David Maiocco and Chuck Sweeney have joined forces for a masterpiece called Lee Squared. David plays Liberace and Chuck Sweeney is Peggy Lee and they share brilliance equally!
    Two Lees for the price of one: Maiocco pays tribute to flamboyant pianist and candelabra enthusiast
    Liberace, and Sweeney keeps the memory of Peggy Lee alive with a fevered impersonation that includes a heavy dose of camp hilarity.
    We went with a group of friends from the cabaret community,  there to support other artists. We met at Almond. The company was great. The food was great. AND the conversation is great! We ALL should be doing this. We need to support each other instead of being an island when going out to these shows. Go as a group!
    On Saturday night, I had a dinner with six friends OUTSIDE the cabaret community! That's important too! 
    Yesterday was a full day. First of all, I was fortunate to be asked to interview David France (How To Survive a Plague). This was an event for Gay Pride Rockland to benefit the new Pride Center. It was great meeting David and his husband, John.
    Richard Skipper Interviews David France (How To Survive a Plague) for Gay Pride Rockland (also pictured Diana Wilkins) 3/26/17
                                                                                         

    with Sharon McNight at Don't Tell Mama last night
    I thank Brooke Malloy and Diana Wilkins for asking me. Anytime they need me, I'm there. I also encourage EVERYONE to buy David's book. It should be required reading in every school!
    Afterwords, we joined my friend and producer Russ Woolley and his parents for an intimate dinner at Russ' home. After dinner, Danny, myself, and Russ went to Don't Tell Mama to see Sharon McNight.
    Sharon is in town to present tomorrow night at the MAC Awards. 
    Her show was a celebration of her first show at Don't Tell Mama thirty years ago. It was great to go down that nostalgic journey with her. She will be back on Thursday night.
    David Maiocco as Liberace and Chuck Sweeney as Peggy Lee
    GO! GO!! GO!!! see her! It is a masterclass in how to do it! It was great to see so many friends there as well.

    In celebration of the end of cabaret month, the MAC Awards, and April showers ahead, today, I'm launching a new series beginning with today's blog. Each day, I will be celebrating a different artist who is making contributions to the world of entertainment.  I will also be listing some of my recommendations. PLEASE go see these shows and tell them I sent you!

    Today. I start this series with Nicolas King and his latest CD. My grandmother used to refer to me
    as an old soul. I feel the same about Nicholas. Don't let his young years full you!
    Nicolas has been performing since age 4. He was seen first on Broadway in Beauty and The Beast, then in ‘A Thousand Clowns’ opposite Tom Selleck, and ‘Hollywood Arms’ directed by Hal Prince, all before age 13. Other credits include 8 consecutive annual performances on The Jerry Lewis MDA Telethon, ‘The View’, ‘Today’ show, ‘Liza & David’, ‘Sally Jesse Raphael’ and twice on â€˜The Tonight Show’ with Jay Leno.

    Nicolas King ~~~ NEW ALBUM On Another Note featuring Mike Renzi was released MARCH 1! 

    This album is a collection of standards, that,when played from track one to the end, lyrically tell a very complete, very specific love story.

    Why THIS project?
    It's been my dream to return back to the studio with Mike Renzi, especially since he's been on the road for the last three years with Tony Bennett and Lady Gaga! This album is a total passion project, something we've both wanted to do for a while now. The timing was finally right! 

     
    Finish this sentence: I'm very bad at...
    Math


    Who are your artistic heroes
    I really admire Jamie Cullum's approach to his craft. Nothing scares him, musically. He's one of the most innovative artists we have in the industry.

    Who have had an impact on you and your work? 
    Liza Minnelli for one. She has given me an great deal of one-on-one training, support, and brainstorming. 

    She directed every nightclub act I've ever done, from my first when I was 11, and has remained a very present force in my life. I'm eternally grateful for everything she's given me.

    If you had the opportunity to stand up for the NEA, what would
    With Tom Selleck
    you say?

    I think the NEA's reputation speaks for itself. Art and expression are the very core of every nation around the world. Regardless of whatever may occur around us, our community is stronger than ever, and impossible to knock down. 


    What is it about the business that you think has changed for the better...and for the worst since you began in it?
    The business that constantly changes is a healthy one. A pond that stays stagnant becomes hazardous without a fresh water supply bringing oxygen and life. In the same way, the ever evolving business is exciting! (My only complaint is I wish we had more venues for the jazz and cabaret world.)

    How important are the arts to you personally?  
    Crazy important. I've never known anything else! The arts are more to me than just a way  of making a living- they're a hobby, a passion.

    Are you making the kind of art that you envisioned you'd be making? 
    Absolutely!

    How would you describe the arts scene where you grew up? 
    I grew up in Rhode Island, a state legendarily rooted in jazz history, and a family full of musicians.
    Nicholas with Donna McKechnie and Linda Hart
    My parents were always taking me to see my grandmother or aunt perform somewhere, or any band that they liked, so I grew up around live music constantly.

    Do you recall some great parties in real living rooms where people got up and sang and told stories?
    The most legendary have, of course, been at Liza's house. 

    When everyone's taking turns singing, and you're sharing a couch with Lauren Bacall, Rosie O'Donnell, Tony Danza and Michele Lee, watching Liza and Lorna singing
    something from Easter Parade, it truly doesn't get any better than that. Of course, nothing beats the music that comes from home. My grandmother, Angela, puts her baby grand piano to good use quite frequently, especially when Renzi comes over for dinner. We'll hang by that piano for hours just calling tunes and having a blast!

    Do you feel like you’re playing a party in somebody’s living room when you are on stage. 
    Sometimes!

    What are you most proud of?

    My parents. Their outlook and core value system is absolutely invaluable to me, and I'm so proud of all they've taught me.

    What is the one song that resonates most with you?
    That depends on the day! 


    Rrad MORE at BroadwayWorld.com

    Order Nicolas King: On Another Note featuring Mike Renzi HERE


    In Other Cabaret News
    Do you have your MAC Awards ticket yet?
    Tickets will be available through Brown Paper Tickets through tonight.
    To order tickets online, GO HERE   


    Leslie Orofino presents Cocktails With Cole
    Did you get your table yet? We are going to have a ball. This Sat., April 1 at 5:00 and Thurs. April 20 at 7:00 . Don't miss out !
    Dedicated to Julie Wilson.
    Call 212 -757-0788 after 4 pm or go to www.donttellmamanyc.com



    Next Monday, 4/4 is  TOMATOES GOT TALENT fourth annual talent show laced with fabulous
    Cheryl Benton and Randie Levine-Miller
    performances with Randi Levine-Miller hosting! And Cathy Szabo, who Randi picked up at Richard Skipper Celebrates is in the finals. The Triad | NYC Tickets $35.00. Watch the video of this year's finalists at the auditions.  Learn more about them HERE.  


    KAREN MASON'S NEW ALBUM IS HERE!
    "It's the best Karen Mason CD ever!"
    ORDER YOURS HERE



    Dancing To The Movies comes to the St. George Playhouse in Staten Island on April 8th and I will be there!  Starring Mirror Ball winner Tony Dovolani, Academy Award-nominee Lesley Ann Warren, Dancing With The Stars pro Anna Trebunskaya and more! Click HERE to order your tickets!

    Go See A Live Show! Please support these artists! Join me tomorrow as I celebrate Susan Eichorn-Young!
    In closing, I'd like to say that my intent is never to offend but we have to stop giving those who do, a free pass!

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!


    Sit back! A new news cycle is about to begin!



    Looking forward to seeing Lesley Ann Warren again next month!



    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs ,
     






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    NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT INTENDED.  FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES ONLY!


    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  

    Richard Skipper Celebrates...The Birthday of EY (Yip) Harburg.

    The cast includes Karen Oberlin, Leslie Orofino, Maureen Kelley Stewart,...and a few more surprises! With musical direction by Daryl Kojak (with Rex Benincasa on percussion, and Jeff Carney on bass). The Laurie Beechman Thater 1PM April 8th

     12 Days From Today!  Check out our promo video: https://youtu.be/MfRwPjs45Vc 

    Keeping America great through Art!

    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!

     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com








              Clifford Bell Honors Barbra Streisand for Project Angel Food        

    The important thing is to go with what you've got.
    -Barbra Streisand, Vogue (mid 70's)

    Happy Saturday! March 25th, 2017
    March 24 is the 84th day of the year. There are 281 days remaining until the end of the year. 
    It is a beautiful day here in New York and I am listening to Barbra Streisand singing Here We Are At Last in the background as I embark on today's blog. 
    How appropriate because today I celebrate Clifford Bell and HIS celebration of Barbra Streisand.
    CLIFFORD BELL, known affectionately as "Lawrence of Cabarabia", is one of the leading producer/directors in the fields of Cabaret, Concerts, and One Person Shows. As a thirty year veteran of the Los Angeles nightclub scene, Clifford has been most identified in the past with the legendary Cinegrill at the historic Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel, and currently at the popular MBar in Hollywood, and the prestigious Catalina Jazz Club.A BENEFIT FOR PROJECT ANGEL FOOD.
     
    Mary Wilson is one of this year's entertainers!
    This is Clifford's 19th year of celebrating Barbra's Birthday with a Charity event featuring all the best singers in town singing songs associated with Ms.S. - This year is OUR NAME IS BARBRA 2017: A BENEFIT FOR PROJECT ANGEL FOOD.

    They feature popular performers from the world of Broadway, TV and Cabaret delivering both fresh and familiar takes on anything from The Gospel According to Barbra-

    Very exciting entertainers this year include Mary Wilson (The Supremes), Allan Rich
    Brad Ellis and Eydie Alyson
    ("The Bodyguard" Soundtrack/Barbra's song "Lessons To Be Learned"), Ilene Graff (TV's "Mr. Belvedere", Broadway's "Grease", "I Love My Wife"- mother of Nikka Lanzarone) & Bill Lanzarone, and Jodi Burnett Mandel (Cellist from Barbra tours and studio recording and daughter of legends Irene Kral  and Joe Burnett), Dana Meller: Les Miserables-Broadway, Shelly Goldstein, Mark Arthur Miller, Joshua Lance Dixon, Mitch Ellis, and more!!

    Clifford Bell


    Why THIS project? 
    (Singing) It's the Most Wonderful Time Of The Year.....Doing OUR NAME IS BARBRA is probably my favorite thing I do all year...It's so much fun to be both creative choosing songs and to pay homage to the huge source of inspiration that the Great Barbra Streisand has been to so many.


    Finish this sentence: I'm very bad at... accepting  the worst in people.  Being hurt or disappointed by someone still can destroy me.

    Who are your artistic heroes – who have had an impact on you and your work?

    Barbra. (Obviously!) Peter Allen.  Oprah.

    Name one thing you would like to change about this profession and why

    I wish there was more transparency.  Most of the negative things I know about and/or have experienced could have only happened in the cloak of darkness and secrecy.  I think if everything was seen, a lot of bad behavior would be curtailed.

    Ilene Graff and Ben Lanzarone
    What is it about the business that you think has changed for the better...and for the worst since you began in it? 

    I think the Internet has made power more available to the general public...Opportunity is much more available than it was when I began...which is great.

    For the worse....I think it's a free for all, which is good for opportunity but bad for standards, or measurements of merit.

    How important are the arts to you personally?  

    100%  More important than food/water/air.

    Are you making the kind of art that you envisioned you'd be making? 
    Yes...I think I am.  I did used to think I would have stayed young and cute for longer than I did, but other than that I'm really proud of what I do.

    Has it really been 55 years? 1962 opened this week... I Can Get It For You Wholesale at the Shubert Theatre on Broadway.

    How would you describe the arts scene where you grew up?
    I had two upbringings...One very cultured..while my parents were married...My father was a Symphony Conductor and I was brought up in the world of music.   And two, after my parents' divorce, my Mother remarried a man that had a non-Musical profession so it was less filled with the Arts...but they always took me to see everything that came around and they were always up on the latest Broadway music.

    Gordon MacRae
    Do you recall some great parties in real living rooms where people got up and sang and told stories?

    Yes..in my childhood we had Gordon MacRae sing in the living room.  And Greer Garson came to the house....I was about five so the details are a little fuzzy.

    Do you feel like you’re playing a party in somebody’s living room when you are on stage?

    I think that is an "as if" to aspire to.

    What are you most proud of?

    Many many years of sobriety.  Almost three decades.

    What is the one song that resonates most with you? 
    Here's To Life
    Barbra Streisand and Elliot Gould




    If you had the opportunity to stand up for the NEA, what would you say?
    I understand that this quotation has been erroneously attributed to Winston Churchill but I think it remains one of the most profound statements on the subject,,,,whoever said it...  "When asked to cut funding for the Arts during World War II, Winston Churchill reportedly said "Then what are we fighting for?"

    Order your tickets TODAY for  OUR NAME IS BARBRA 2017: A BENEFIT FOR PROJECT ANGEL FOOD

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!


    Sit back! A new news cycle is about to begin!

    Maureen Kelley Stewart had her own successful show celebrating EY Harburg
    Words make you think. Music makes you feel. A song makes you feel a thought.” â€” E. Y. “Yip” Harburg

    Let's Celebrate: Richard Skipper Celebrates E.Y. (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY! April 8th at 1PM at The Laurie Beechman Theater. 

    Russ Woolley proudly presents Richard Skipper Celebrates...EY (YIP) HARBURG ON HIS BIRTHDAY!

    Richard will be joined by Karen Oberlin, Leslie Orofino, Maureen Kelley Stewart AND...A MYSTERY GUEST

    All under the musical Direction of Daryl Kojak with Rex Benincasa on percussion and Jeff Carney on bass. This is a 1PM SHOW! (90 minutes) At The Laurie Beechman Theater Reservations a Must! Please ReserveToday

    Nobody celebrates legends like Richard Skipper.
    The interior of the Laurie Beechman Theatre
    If one of your faves is being feted, there's nowhere on earth more fun to be. And honestly even if you don't care about the honoree, master showman Richard and his talented crew serve up a fabulously good time.
    -Ben Rimalower

    $30 Cover and $20 Minimum per person

    You Never Know Who You Might See There and what might happen!

    https://web.ovationtix.com/trs/pe.c/10155315






    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs ,
     





    Click on banner to go to website



    NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT INTENDED.  FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES ONLY!


    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  
      

    Keeping America great through Art!     


    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!

     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com














              John Ainsworth, Young Actors' Theatre Camp, Deborah Stone, Jana Robbins        
    Today's Blog is Dedicated to Chuck Barris who has passed away today
    Nothing is as obnoxious as other people's luck. - F. SCOTT FITZGERALD

    Happy Wednesday, March 22nd, 2017!
    March 22 is the 81st day of the year . There are 284 days remaining until the end of the year.
    Ricky and Debbie Skipper
    I'd like to begin today by acknowledging a few people who have added to the landscape of my life. First and foremost, my only sister. Debbie and I are thirteen months apart. We are what are referred to as Irish Twins. I'm the oldest and she has been by my side my entire life. Although she is in South Carolina and I am here in New York. We are still side by side. 
    Speaking of Side by Side, today is Stephen Sondheim's Birthday. 
    In honor of Sondheim, I'm celebrating my artist friends who celebrate and honor him in their shows with a song or two...or maybe even more! 
    Deborah Stone
    With each, I came up with three questions just to make it a little more interesting. First up is Deborah Stone.
    I met Deborah when I hosted The Salon last year. I was immediately taken with her poise and sense of style and we have been friends ever since. You see, folks, it pays to get out of the house!
    In October, Deborah guested in Richard Skipper Celebrates...Halloween and October 31st at The Triad. In honor of Sondheim's birthday, here is a clip of Deborah singing In Buddy's Eyes.  Deborah will be at Don't Tell Mama in NYC tomorrow night(March 23rd) at 7:30 PM and again on Saturday, April 15th at 4PM. Directed by Ann McCormack and musically directed by Woody Regan. To all of my readers, please join me on the 15th and let's do dinner after! Let's sell out her house!
    Deborah tells me that her favorite Sondheim experience would have to be the way she's transported whenever she sings In Buddy's Eyes.  His insight into the very human and mostly feminine experience of contentment and desire, for better or for worse, is stunningly apt. As for why she chose Anyone Can Whistle in her current show, it's simply a beautiful song which brings forth so pertinently a common feeling. We've all experienced that feeling of being left out at some point, of being less than. In that song, also, there is the happy resolution of reaching out for help. 
    To clarify, when Deborah said contentment and desire, it is the dichotomy, the pull between the two; that even when we are content with our current partner, visions of those desired in the past or perhaps even in the present, feeling it could've or could be something else, Is felt by many of us. She says she is speaking for herself of course. She's also speaking for me. Go HERE to order tickets. 

    Jana Robbins
    Another friend of mine will be doing HER Birthday show at Feinstein's/54 Below on April 12th! Who knows? I may even get up and sing a song myself! That is Jana Robbins. Jana and I met, I think, through a Bob Ost benefit. She is one of those friends that just seems seamless when she and I met. 
    When Jana's father passed away from Parkinson's Dis-Ease, I offered to do a benefit with her to raise money for Parkinson's and we have been friends ever since. She even sang at our wedding! 
    Jana will be singing Sondheim at her birthday celebration and I hope you'll join us as well. 

    Who are your artistic heroes – who have had an impact on you and your work?
    Chita Rivera

    I was always a big fan of Chita Rivera. Her talent, her Charisma, the passion that came through everything thing she did. I was thrilled to play some of the rolls she had created early in my career. The other was Barbra Streisand. I'd sing along to her first album when I was still in high school and thrilled that I got to play Fanny Brice in FUNNY GIRL.


    Produced by Jana Robbins
    Name one thing you would like to change about this profession and why
    Now that I'm also a Broadway producer I would like to change the fact that in the theater it is not yet recognized that you can be an actor and producer on a project as in television and film where indeed Barbra Streisand and Bette Midler and many others produce films they they are in. It's also done a lot in TV series.

    What is it about the business that you think has changed for the better...and for the worst since you began in it?
    I think it is easier to follow what is going on in Broadway and who the people are behind the shows with the advent of the internet. So it is much easier to try to break into the business. When I first came to Broadway there was no way to know what was going on or who was who.



    Order your tickets now for Jana Robbins' Birthday Show

    John Ainsworth stars as Billy Bibbit in “One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest” at the Rubicon Theatre Company.

     













    Today, I would also like to celebrate John Ainsworth and the work he is doing with Young Actors
    John Ainsworth
    Theater Camp
    Located in the San Francisco Bay area, the Young Actors Theatre Camp (YATC) gives each student an exclusive opportunity to learn from professional instructors and famous faces in the acting world. For aspiring young actors and singers, the camp provides inspiration, training, and preparation for a career in the limelight, but the chance to meet face-to-face with well-known actors makes it even more exciting.
            
    Tell us about Camp 2017...  
    We have been doing it for 15 years and it’s a great way to give back, educate, nurture, and inspire the future generations of artists and creators. 
        
    Finish this sentence: I'm very bad at…Delegating.     
     
    Who are your artistic heroes – who have had an impact on you and your work?
    My fifth grade teacher, Mrs. Hollinger. She was someone that saw the creative talents within me at an early age and nurtured me, as well as gave me the strength to pursue my own individual path as an artist.    
     
    Name one thing you would like to change about this profession and why
    As a Producer, one thing that I wish was more present in the film and television industry as a whole across all mediums of artistic expression - we need to celebrate and encourage diversity.

    We are not just a homogeneous society and we need diverse voices to tell diverse stories.     
            
    What is it about the business that you think has changed for the better...and for the worst since you began in it? 
    In many ways the camp was my film school and the children and many of the teachers that we’ve worked with over the 15 years have educated me and inspired me as a film maker to challenge myself. And in doing so, it expanded my own horizons, not just the horizons of the camp or the kids.

    Going from starting a YouTube channel, that now has over 10 million views and creating hundreds of short films with our students, that led me to produce two award winning short films with my husband, Shawn Ryan as well as two feature films. The forth coming film, “Sleep Away” was filmed at camp with students in the lead roles and multiple celebrity actors who lent their talents to the project.   
     

    How important are the arts to you personally?
    The arts are my life and throughout my life being able to find and express my own voice across multiple mediums like visual arts, acting in film and

    TV, and even sculpture have all been things that allowed me to try different things and experiment in ways that I think many people are afraid to attempt because they are afraid of failing. But you have to be willing to fail, in order to succeed. 
    Darren Criss (right) talks with John Ainsworth at a YATC master class in 2010.
    Shawn Ryan And John Ainsworth
            
    Are you making the kind of art that you envisioned you'd be making? 
    Honestly, yes. At a young age, around 16 I had a vision and a dream of becoming a film maker. But growing up in small town Reno, Nevada it wasn’t really something that I thought I could accomplish. But the path of living one’s dream is very circuitous.
            

    How would you describe the arts scene where you grew up? 
    Limited. But it has gotten better in the last 20 years with the Reno Arts Council funding and supporting a burgeoning arts community.

    Who was the most influential person on your work?

    Me. 

    Do you recall some great parties in real living rooms where people got up and sang and told stories?
    Yes. They tend to be in our living room and around the holiday and usually spurred on because of my talented husband.         
     

    What are you most proud of?
    My life, my love, and my family.        
     

    What is the one song that resonates most with you?
    I’m Glad There is You
                    
    I heard about your project, Sleep Away. Tell Me More! 
    Sleep Away…it’s about CAMP! It’s a film that will take you back to those amazingly awkward tween-age years of everyone’s life. Children will find that it resonates to their daily experiences and parents will find themselves transported back in time to those truly special memories of their youth.


    Holy moly! YATC is so excited to announce that Andrew Keenan-Bolger will be joining the Teaching Team at Camp this Summer!
    Bringing his own experiences as a Broadway Star and as a Director, we are thrilled to have Andrew coming to work with our Campers! I saw him at Broadway Backwards last week and he stopped the show with Sixteen Going On Seventeen from The Sound of Music.  

    From Newsies to Tuck Everlasting to Mary Poppins - this guy has
    done it all and now will teach us his ways on the Great White Way!


    In closing, I'd like to say that my intent is never to offend but we have to stop giving those who do, a free pass!

    Life is so much better when you stop caring about what everyone thinks, and start to actually live for yourself!!


    Sit back! A new news cycle is about to begin!



    I Can Get It For You Wholesale opened on this date on Broadway (1962)


    Thank you, to ALL who are mentioned in this blog for showing me that it is up to ME to lead by example!


    With grateful XOXOXs ,
     





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    NO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT INTENDED.  FOR ENTERTAINMENT PURPOSES ONLY!


    Please do what YOU can to be more aware that words and actions DO HURT...but they can also heal and help!  

    Richard Skipper Celebrates...The Birthday of EY (Yip) Harburg.

    The cast includes Karen Oberlin, Leslie Orofino, Maureen Kelley Stewart,A MYSTERY GUEST...and a few more surprises! With musical direction by Daryl Kojak (with Rex Benincasa on percussion, and Jeff Carney on bass). The Laurie Beechman Thater 1PM April 8th.

    Keeping America great through Art!

    Here's to an INCREDIBLE tomorrow for ALL...with NO challenges!
    Please leave a comment and share on Twitter and Facebook
    Keeping Entertainment LIVE!

     
    TILL TOMORROW...HERE'S TO AN ARTS FILLED DAY

    Richard Skipper, Richard@RichardSkipper.com 











              Romantisnya Mario Teguh ....        
    Tuhanku Yang Maha Lembut,

    Aku letih dengan tidak baiknya
    sikap orang yang seharusnya mengerti
    niat baikku.

    Mengapakah Engkau mengijinkan
    orang yang kubaiki
    tidak berlaku baik kepadaku?

    Aku tahu, ini pasti untuk kebaikanku.

    Maka aku mohon,
    kuatkanlah keikhlasanku
    untuk memperbaiki sikapku
    terhadap orang dan keadaan
    yang tak bisa kuperbaiki.

    Tuhan, kosongkanlah dadaku dari beban.

    Aamiin

    Adikku yang kukasihi,

    Sesungguhnya kemarahanmu itu
    karena engkau mengira
    bahwa dia merendahkanmu,
    yang tak mungkin mampu dilakukannya,
    selama engkau dalam perlindungan Tuhan.

    Maka, maafkanlah.

    Memaafkan adalah penyejuk hati yang marah,
    penenang pikiran yang mendendam, dan
    pelembut tutur kata yang mendidih
    dengan niat membalas.

    Maafkanlah.

    Mario Teguh

    Rasa sedih telah lama menjadi ruang tunggu, untuk diselamatkan tanpa mengupayakan kepantasan untuk diselamatkan.

    Kebahagiaan tidak datang dari luar, tapi tumbuh di dalam hati Anda, yang membibit dari kesyukuran dan berkembang karena ketegasan untuk memilih kebaikan sebagai jalan hidup.

    Lakukanlah sesuatu dari hati Anda yang bersyukur, lalu perhatikan apa yang terjadi.

    Mario Teguh

    mm … what a beautiful day!

    Terima kasih Tuhan,
    telah Kau ijinkan kami
    untuk hidup dalam
    lindungan kasih sayang-Mu.

    Tuhan kami Yang Maha Sejahtera,

    Jagalah dan tenagailah aku hari ini,
    dalam upayaku untuk membeningkan hatiku,
    membersihkan pikiranku, dan
    mengindahkan perilaku-ku kepada sesama.

    Sampaikanlah aku
    di depan pintu rezeki yang besar,
    dan bahagiakanlah aku dengan
    kemudahan untuk membukanya.

    Aamiin

    Gading yang retak
    adalah gading yang sempurna.

    Gading yang TAK retak,
    biasanya terbuat dari akrilik.

    Kekurangan Anda adalah sesungguhnya
    rahmat yang menuntun menuju kelebihan Anda.

    Jadilah jiwa yang sempurna,
    yang ikhlas menerima kekurangan
    sebagai perintah untuk menumbuhkan kelebihan,
    dan menjadikan kekurangan sebagai hiasan
    pengindah pribadi Anda.

    For the weary heart:

    My Lord the Most Gentle,

    I'm tired of not good

    attitude of people who should understand

    my good intentions.

    Why are you allowing

    people who kubaiki

    not apply either to me?

    I know, this is definitely for my kindness.

    So I beg of you,
    strengthen keikhlasanku
    to improve my attitude
    against people and circumstances

    I could not fix.

    God, my chest kosongkanlah of the load.

    Aamiin

    My brother beloved,

    Surely it's anger
    because you think
    that he is humble,
    which could not be capable of doing,

    as long as you are in God's protection.

    So, forgive.
    Forgiveness is an angry heart conditioning,
    calming the mind hold grudges, and
    softeners are boiling speech

    with the intention to retaliate.

    Forgive.

    Mario Teguh

    Dia yang pergi mungkin bisa hancurkan kepercayaanmu padanya, namun jangan biarkan dia hancurkan dirimu juga!

    Ada dua hal yang tak bisa kembali dalam hidup: WAKTU & PERKATAAN. Pergunakanlah keduanya secara bijaksana agar bermanfaat.

    Kamu tak akan bisa hidup sendiri. Butuh bantuan orang lain tuk sukses. Pastikan bahwa mereka adalah orang yang dapat diandalkan.

    Kamu tak akan bisa mengetahui apa yang akan terjadi kemudian, tetapi kamu bisa tahu bagaimana cara untuk menghadapinya.

    Tidak ada yang bisa menghalangi keberhasilan untuk orang baik.

    Kamu tak akan bisa mengetahui apa yang akan terjadi kemudian, tetapi kamu bisa tahu bagaimana cara untuk menghadapinya.

    Kamu tak bisa memaksa seseorang tuk tetap tinggal di hidupmu. Jika dia ingin pergi, relakanlah. Percaya, yang lebih baik akan datang.

    Kau tak bisa mencintai 2 orang berbeda pada saat yang sama. Kau hanya bisa memilih satu atau menyakiti keduanya.

    Kamu tak bisa mengubah apa yang telah kamu lakukan, namun kamu bisa berkata jujur, meminta maaf, lalu biarkan Tuhan lakukan sisanya.
    Teman bisa mengkhianatimu, pasangan bisa meninggalkanmu, tapi Tuhan... tidak akan pernah membiarkanmu terjatuh.

    Kamu tak akan bisa membuat semua orang bahagia, namun kamu pasti bisa membuat seseorang bahagia karena dirimu bahagia.

    Kamu memang tak bisa membaca pikiran seseorang tuk mengetahui perasaaannya, tapi kamu bisa tahu banyak melalui matanya.

    Semua orang bisa membahagiakanmu dengan sesuatu yang istimewa, namun hanya seorang istimewa yang bisa membahagiakanmu tanpa apapun.

    Kamu tak akan pernah bisa "JUST BE FRIEND" dengan seseorang yang pernah kamu cinta, karena sebagian darimu akan selalu mencintainya.

    Kamu tak akn bisa melupakan seseorng yang pernah sangat kamu cintai, kecuali kamu mau belajar tuk mencintai seseorang yang lain.

    Jika kamu tak bisa keluarkan dia dari pikiranmu, mungkin dia seharusnya berada di sana. Pikiranmu tahu apa yang hatimu ingkari.

    Satu orang yang bisa mencintai kekuranganmu jauh lebih berharga daripada 100 orang yang hanya mencintaimu karena kehebatanmu.

    Kamu memang tak bisa mengubah masa lalu, tapi kamu bisa mengubah masa depan dengan cara belajar dari masa lalu.

    Kamu tak bisa kembali ke masa lalu dan mengubah sebuah awal yang buruk, namun kamu bisa membuat akhir yang indah, mulai saat ini!

    Pukulan bisa menghancurkan tulang, kata-kata bisa menghancurkan hati.

    Kepintaran seseorang bisa diketahui dari setiap jawabannya. Kebijaksanaan seseorang bisa diketahui dari setiap pertanyaannya.

    Katakan apa yang bisa kamu katakan, namun lakukan lebih dari apa yang bisa kamu katakan.

    Seburuk apapun masa lalumu, kamu bisa jadi orang yang baru hari ini. Kamu bisa mengubah hidupmu, karena kamu bisa mengubah pikiranmu.

    Kita selalu bisa memaafkan tanpa harus melupakan. Tapi kita tak akan bisa melupakan tanpa memaafkan.

    "Cowok" bisa menjanjikanmu seribu kata. "Pria" berkomitmen kepadamu tanpa sepatah kata.

    Setiap orang bisa berubah. Jangan pernah memandang rendah seseorang hanya karena dia pernah melakukan kesalahan di masa lalunya.

    Salah satu cara agar bisa ikhlas adalah dengan cara menganggap apapun yang dikerjakan bukan sebuah beban, tapi kesenangan.

    Terkadang hal yang bisa kamu lakukan adalah bertahan, tak peduli bagaimana sakitnya, karena akan lebih sakit jika kamu kehilangannya.

    Kamu tak akan pernah bisa meraih apa yang ada di depanmu, jika kamu tak mau melepaskan apa yang ada di belakangmu.

    Tersenyumlah agar bisa selalu berfikir positif, dan apapun akan menjadi mungkin jika kita selalu berfikir positif.

    Kebahagian bisa dirasakan dengan kepuasan hati dan batin.. Bukan hanya materi pun harta yang berlimpah.

    Cinta bisa tumbuh dimana saja. Namun pandailah memilih mana yang harus disirami, diabaikan atau bahkan dibiarkan layu dan mati.

    Hanya karena tak bisa melawan malas, manusia sering memenggal kreativitasnya sendiri.

    Jika kamu tak bisa hargai seseorang yang memberikan yang terbaik untukmu, jangan berharap dia ada untukmu ketika kamu membutuhkannya.

    Tak ada yang bisa dibanggakan dari seorang penjiplak. Mengakui karya orang lain sebagai karyamu hanya meremehkan dirimu sendiri.

    Terkadang, untuk bisa membuat sahabatmu yang tengah bersedih tersenyum lagi, kamu hanya harus memberikan dirinya waktu tuk sendiri.

    Kehidupan tak kan bisa dijalani sendiri. Pribadi yang bijak melengkapi kehidupannya dengan banyak persahabatan.

    Dalam cinta, kamu tak bisa menyalahkan seseorang tuk pergi darimu, jika kamu tak melakukan apapun tuk membuat dia tetap bersamamu.

    Butuh waktu untuk bisa menemukan cinta sejati. Begitu juga dengan patah hati, butuh waktu untuk sembuh dan ceria kembali.

    Semua orang bisa katakan cinta, tak semua tulus dari hatinya. Daripada percaya apa yang kamu dengar, percayalah apa yang kamu rasa.

    Km tak bisa mengubah sgala sesuatu dalam satu malam, tapi km dapat mengubahnya sedikit demi sedikit.

    MAAF tidak bisa menghapus luka yang telah kau torehkan dihati seseorang. Namun buktikanlah ketulusanmu.

    Jika kamu tak bisa memiliki apa yang kamu cintai, belajarlah untuk mencintai apa yang kamu miliki.

    Kamu memang tak bisa miliki semua yang kamu inginkan, tapi percayalah bahwa Tuhan selalu memberikan apa yang kamu butuhkan.

    Kamu bisa menjadi luar biasa ketika kamu memulainya dari hati.

    Banyak peran bisa kau mainkan di hidupmu, tapi kau tau ada satu peran yang perlu kau mainkan: dirimu sendiri.

    Teman bisa mengkhianatimu, pasangan bisa meninggalkanmu, tapi Tuhan... tidak akan pernah membiarkanmu terjatuh.

    Kamu tak akan bisa memberikan pendapat yang objektif, jika kamu telah punya pandangan negatif sebelumnya. Jangan berburuk sangka.

    Ketika kita bisa memaafkan orang yang mencurangi kita, berarti apa yang ada didalam diri kita lebih dari mereka.

    Tak ada luka yang tak bisa disembuhkan, tak ada kesalahan yang tak bisa dimaafkan, jika kau miliki keikhlasan.

    Kamu tak pernah bisa melupakan seseorang yang pernah kamu cinta, kamu hanya menerima kenyataan bahwa kamu tak berarti lagi baginya.

    Jika seseorang bisa membuatmu tersenyum disaat orang lain membuatmu menangis, terus bersamanya. Beri yang terbaik darimu untuknya.

    Kamu tak akan bisa hindari masalah, namun saat ia datang, berkatalah, "Aku akan lebih besar darimu. kamu tak bisa kalahkan aku."

    Kemenangan tidak bisa diraih tanpa pengorbanan dan kerja keras.

    Orang mungkin bisa menjelekkan pribadimu, tapi mereka tak mampu berbuat apapun terhadap sikapmu. Sikap, menunjukkan siapa dirimu.

    Satu-satunya orang yang bisa membuatmu sangat HAPPY, adalah orang yang sama yang bisa membuatmu sedih & LONELY.

    Kamu bisa menjadi apapun yang kamu mau, tapi kamu harus tetap menjadi dirimu sendiri.

    Kamu tak bisa memberi yang tak kamu miliki. Jika kamu ingin mencintai orang lain, kamu harus terlebih dahulu mencintai diri sendiri.

    Kamu memang bisa mengabaikan dia yang pernah kamu cinta, tapi kamu tak pernah bisa mengubah kenangan yang telah dia bawa ke hidupmu.

    Kamu tak akan bisa membenci jika tak mencinta, namun membenci tak ada gunanya. Jangan biarkan cintamu menjadi benci.

    Kamu tak pernah bisa lupa mereka yang telah menyentuh hatimu, baik mereka yang menghancurkannya atau mereka yang menyembuhkannya.

    Seandanyai hati bisa bersahabat dengan pikiran, mungkin pikiran bisa mengatur bagaimana perasaan.

    Dalam hidup, kamu tak bisa menghindari rasa sakit, tapi kamu bisa memilih apakah sakit itu mendewasakanmu atau buatmu terpuruk

                      
    BIOS, singkatan dari Basic Input Output System, dalam sistem komputer IBM PC atau kompatibelnya (komputer yang berbasis keluarga prosesor Intel x86) merujuk kepada kumpulan rutin perangkat lunak yang mampu melakukan hal-hal berikut:
    1. Inisialisasi (penyalaan) serta pengujian terhadap perangkat keras (dalam proses yang disebut dengan Power On Self Test, POST)
    2. Memuat dan menjalankan sistem operasi
    3. Mengatur beberapa konfigurasi dasar dalam komputer (tanggal, waktu, konfigurasi media penyimpanan, konfigurasi proses booting, kinerja, serta kestabilan komputer)
    4. Membantu sistem operasi dan aplikasi dalam proses pengaturan perangkat keras dengan menggunakan BIOS Runtime Services.
    BIOS menyediakan antarmuka komunikasi tingkat rendah, dan dapat mengendalikan banyak jenis perangkat keras (seperti keyboard). Karena kedekatannya dengan perangkat keras, BIOS umumnya dibuat dengan menggunakan bahasa rakitan (assembly) yang digunakan oleh mesin yang bersangkutan.
    Istilah BIOS pertama kali muncul dalam sistem operasi CP/M, yang merupakan bagian dari CP/M yang dimuat pada saat proses booting dimulai yang berhadapan secara langsung dengan perangkat keras (beberapa mesin yang menjalankan CP/M memiliki boot loader sederhana dalam ROM). Kebanyakan versi DOS memiliki sebuah berkas yang disebut "IBMBIO.COM" (IBM PC-DOS) atau "IO.SYS" (MS-DOS) yang berfungsi sama seperti halnya CP/M disk BIOS.
    Kata BIOS juga dapat diartikan sebagai "kehidupan" dalam tulisan Yunani (Bios).

    Dalam BIOS, terdapat beberapa komponen dasar, yakni sebagai berikut:
    Contoh dari CMOS Setup (Phoenix BIOS)
    • Program BIOS Setup yang memungkinkan pengguna untuk mengubah konfigurasi komputer (tipe harddisk, disk drive, manajemen daya listrik, kinerja komputer, dll) sesuai keinginan. BIOS menyembunyikan detail-detail cara pengaksesan perangkat keras yang cukup rumit apabila dilakukan secara langsung.
    • Driver untuk perangkat-perangkat keras dasar, seperti video adapter, perangkat input, prosesor, dan beberapa perangkat lainnya untuk sistem operasi dasar 16-bit (dalam hal ini adalah keluarga DOS).
    • Program bootstraper utama yang memungkinkan komputer dapat melakukan proses booting ke dalam sistem operasi yang terpasang.

    ROM dan NVRAM

    BIOS juga sering disebut sebagai ROM BIOS karena pada awalnya BIOS disimpan dalam chip memori hanya baca (ROM) dalam motherboard. Mengapa disimpan di dalam ROM, adalah agar BIOS dapat dieksekusi pada waktu komputer dinyalakan, tanpa harus menunggu untuk menyalakan perangkat media penyipanan terlebih dahulu (yang memakan waktu lama). BIOS dalam komputer PC modern disimpan dalam chip ROM yang dapat ditulisi ulang secara elektrik atau Flash ROM. Oleh sebab itu, sekarang sebutan Flash BIOS lebih populer dibandingkan dengan ROM BIOS. Berikut ini adalah beberapa chip ROM yang digunakan sebagai tempat penyimpanan BIOS.
    Tipe ROM Cara penulisan Dapat dihapus Jenis BIOS
    Mask ROM Photolithography Tidak ROM BIOS
    Programmable ROM (PROM) PROM Writer Tidak ROM BIOS
    Erasable PROM EPROM/PROM Writer Ya, dengan menggunakan EPROM Rewriter atau menyinarinya dengan sinar ultraviolet tepat pada lubang kuarsa bening. ROM BIOS
    Electricly EPROM EEPROM/EPROM/PROM Writer Ya, dengan menggunakan EEPROM Rewriter, atau secara langsung secara elektrik dari papan sirkuit dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak EEPROM Programmer. ROM BIOS
    Flash ROM EEPROM Writer atau software yang dapat menulisi Flash ROM Ya, dengan menggunakan EEPROM Writer, atau langsung secara elektrik dari papan sirkuit dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak Flash BIOS Programmer. Flash BIOS
    Tampilan yang dikeluarkan oleh BIOS saat NVRAM mengalami kerusakan atau saat baterai litium CR-2032 habis dayanya atau dicabut dari slotnya
    Meskipun BIOS disimpan dalam memori hanya baca, konfigurasi BIOS tidak disimpan dalam ROM, (hal ini disebabkan oleh sifat ROM yang statis) melainkan sebuah chip terpisah yang disebut sebagai Real-time clock (RTC), yang berupa sebuah Non-Volatile Random Access Memory (NVRAM). NVRAM juga sering disebut sebagai Complimentary Metal-Oxide Random Access Memory (CMOS RAM), karena menggunakan metode pembuatan CMOS. Karena menggunakan metode pembuatan CMOS, NVRAM membutuhkan daya yang sangat kecil agar dapat bekerja. Meskipun disebut non-volatile, NVRAM sebenarnya merupakan sebuah chip yang volatile, sehingga data yang tersimpan di dalamnya dapat terhapus dengan mudah jika daya listrik yang menghidupinya terputus. Oleh karena itu, NVRAM "dihidupi" oleh sebuah baterai (mirip baterai kalkulator atau jam) dengan bahan Litium dengan seri CR-2032. Sebuah baterai Litium CR-2032 dapat menghidupi NVRAM selama tiga hingga lima tahun. Jika daya dalam baterai habis, atau daya yang disuplainya terputus (akibat dicabut dari slotnya), maka semua konfigurasi akan dikembalikan ke kondisi standar, sesuai ketika BIOS tersebut diprogram oleh pabrikan. BIOS umumnya memberikan laporan CMOS Checksum Error atau NVRAM Checksum Error.
    =BIOS, singkatan dari Basic Input Output System, dalam sistem komputer IBM PC atau kompatibelnya (komputer yang berbasis keluarga prosesor Intel x86) merujuk kepada kumpulan rutin perangkat lunak yang mampu melakukan hal-hal berikut:
    1. Inisialisasi (penyalaan) serta pengujian terhadap perangkat keras (dalam proses yang disebut dengan Power On Self Test, POST)
    2. Memuat dan menjalankan sistem operasi
    3. Mengatur beberapa konfigurasi dasar dalam komputer (tanggal, waktu, konfigurasi media penyimpanan, konfigurasi proses
    booting, kinerja, serta kestabilan komputer)
    4. Membantu sistem operasi dan aplikasi dalam proses pengaturan perangkat keras dengan menggunakan BIOS Runtime Services.
    BIOS menyediakan antarmuka komunikasi tingkat rendah, dan dapat mengendalikan banyak jenis perangkat keras (seperti keyboard). Karena kedekatannya dengan perangkat keras, BIOS umumnya dibuat dengan menggunakan bahasa rakitan (assembly) yang digunakan oleh mesin yang bersangkutan.
    Istilah BIOS pertama kali muncul dalam sistem operasi CP/M, yang merupakan bagian dari CP/M yang dimuat pada saat proses booting dimulai yang berhadapan secara langsung dengan perangkat keras (beberapa mesin yang menjalankan CP/M memiliki boot loader sederhana dalam ROM). Kebanyakan versi DOS memiliki sebuah berkas yang disebut "IBMBIO.COM" (IBM PC-DOS) atau "IO.SYS" (MS-DOS) yang berfungsi sama seperti halnya CP/M disk BIOS.
    Kata BIOS juga dapat diartikan sebagai "kehidupan" dalam tulisan Yunani (Βίος).

    Komponen BIOS
    Dalam BIOS, terdapat beberapa komponen dasar, yakni sebagai berikut: Contoh dari CMOS Setup (Phoenix BIOS)
    * Program BIOS Setup yang memungkinkan pengguna untuk mengubah konfigurasi komputer (tipe harddisk, disk drive, manajemen daya
    listrik, kinerja komputer, dll) sesuai keinginan. BIOS menyembunyikan detail-detail cara pengaksesan perangkat keras yang
    cukup rumit apabila dilakukan secara langsung.
    * Driver untuk perangkat-perangkat keras dasar, seperti video adapter, perangkat input, prosesor, dan beberapa perangkat
    lainnya untuk sistem operasi dasar 16-bit (dalam hal ini adalah keluarga DOS).
    * Program bootstraper utama yang memungkinkan komputer dapat melakukan proses booting ke dalam sistem operasi yang terpasang.

    ROM dan NVRAM

    BIOS juga sering disebut sebagai ROM BIOS karena pada awalnya BIOS disimpan dalam chip memori hanya baca (ROM) dalam motherboard. Mengapa disimpan di dalam ROM, adalah agar BIOS dapat dieksekusi pada waktu komputer dinyalakan, tanpa harus menunggu untuk menyalakan perangkat media penyipanan terlebih dahulu (yang memakan waktu lama). BIOS dalam komputer PC modern disimpan dalam chip ROM yang dapat ditulisi ulang secara elektrik atau Flash ROM. Karena itulah, sekarang sebutan Flash BIOS lebih populer dibandingkan dengan ROM BIOS. Berikut ini adalah beberapa chip ROM yang digunakan sebagai tempat penyimpanan BIOS. Tipe ROM Cara penulisan Dapat dihapus Jenis BIOS Mask ROM Photolithography Tidak ROM BIOS Programmable ROM (PROM) PROM Writer Tidak ROM BIOS Erasable PROM EPROM/PROM Writer Ya, dengan menggunakan EPROM Rewriter atau menyinarinya dengan sinar ultraviolet tepat pada lubang kuarsa bening. ROM BIOS Electricly EPROM EEPROM/EPROM/PROM Writer Ya, dengan menggunakan EEPROM Rewriter, atau secara langsung secara elektrik dari papan sirkuit dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak EEPROM Programmer. ROM BIOS Flash ROM EEPROM Writer atau software yang dapat menulisi Flash ROM Ya, dengan menggunakan EEPROM Writer, atau langsung secara elektrik dari papan sirkuit dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak Flash BIOS Programmer. Flash BIOS Tampilan yang dikeluarkan oleh BIOS saat NVRAM mengalami kerusakan atau saat baterai litium CR-2032 habis dayanya atau dicabut dari slotnya

    Meskipun BIOS disimpan dalam memori hanya baca, konfigurasi BIOS tidak disimpan dalam ROM, (hal ini disebabkan oleh sifat ROM yang statis) melainkan sebuah chip terpisah yang disebut sebagai Real-time clock (RTC), yang berupa sebuah Non-Volatile Random Access Memory (NVRAM). NVRAM juga sering disebut sebagai Complimentary Metal-Oxide Random Access Memory (CMOS RAM), karena menggunakan metode pembuatan CMOS. Karena menggunakan metode pembuatan CMOS, NVRAM membutuhkan daya yang sangat kecil agar dapat bekerja. Meskipun disebut non-volatile, NVRAM sebenarnya merupakan sebuah chip yang volatile, sehingga data yang tersimpan di dalamnya dapat terhapus dengan mudah jika daya listrik yang menghidupinya terputus. Oleh karena itu, NVRAM "dihidupi" oleh sebuah baterai (mirip baterai kalkulator atau jam) dengan bahan Litium dengan seri CR-2032. Sebuah baterai Litium CR-2032 dapat menghidupi NVRAM selama tiga hingga lima tahun. Jika daya dalam baterai habis, atau daya yang disuplainya terputus (akibat dicabut dari slotnya), maka semua konfigurasi akan dikembalikan ke kondisi standar, sesuai ketika BIOS tersebut diprogram oleh pabrikan. BIOS umumnya memberikan laporan CMOS Checksum Error atau NVRAM Checksum Error.

    Update BIOS

    BIOS kadang-kadang juga disebut sebagai firmware karena merupakan sebuah perangkat lunak yang disimpan dalam media penyimpanan yang bersifat hanya-baca. Hal ini benar adanya, karena memang sebelum tahun 1995, BIOS selalu disimpan dalam media penyimpanan yang tidak dapat diubah. Seiring dengan semakin kompleksnya sebuah sistem komputer , maka BIOS pun kemudian disimpan dalam EEPROM atau Flash memory yang dapat diubah oleh pengguna, sehingga dapat di-upgrade (untuk mendukung prosesor yang baru muncul, adanya bug yang mengganggu kinerja atau alasan lainnya). Meskipun demikian, proses update BIOS yang tidak benar (akibat dieksekusi secara tidak benar atau ada hal yang mengganggu saat proses upgrade dilaksanakan) dapat mengakibatkan motherboard mati mendadak, sehingga komputer pun tidak dapat digunakan karena perangkat yang mampu melakukan proses booting (BIOS) sudah tidak ada atau mengalami kerusakan.
    Oleh karena itu, untuk menghindari kerusakan (korupsi) terhadap BIOS, beberapa motherboard memiliki BIOS cadangan . Selain itu, kebanyakan BIOS juga memiliki sebuah region dalam EEPROM/Flash memory yang tidak dapat di-upgrade, yang disebut sebagai "Boot Block". Boot block selalu dieksekusi pertama kali pada saat komputer dinyalakan. Kode ini dapat melakukan verifikasi terhadap BIOS, bahwa kode BIOS keseluruhan masih berada dalam keadaan baik-baik saja (dengan menggunakan metode pengecekan kesalahan seperti checksum, CRC, hash dan lainnya) sebelum mengeksekusi BIOS. Jika boot blockboot block akan meminta pengguna untuk melakukan pemrograman BIOS kembali dengan menggunakan mendeteksi bahwa BIOS ternyata rusak, maka floppy disk yang berisi program flash memory programmerimage BIOS yang sama atau lebih baik. Pembuat motherboard sering merilis update BIOS untuk menambah kemampuan produk mereka atau menghilangkan beberapa bug yang mengganggu. dan


              Italia, energia da vendere        

    Forse qualcuno lo avrà già sentito, se per qualche fortunata occasione avesse seguito Report e/o spulciato alcuni quotidiani locali o le pagine più nascoste di qualche giornale nazionale, ma in genere non se ne trova traccia né scritta né parlata, nessun invitato ai dibattiti pare ne faccia cenno e tantomeno vengono invitati i diretti interessati.

    Ma, vegnimo a dir el merito, come diceva Lonardo, rustego goldoniano, in Campania, in provincia di Salerno, in quella regione che si vuol far apparire ad ogni costo ricettacolo d'ogni male, corpo estraneo, mela marcia di una nazione tanto per benino come l'Italia, con la sua pettinatura in ordine, ma che invece dell'Italia è il bagno mai pulito, il ripostiglio, l'ingresso sul retro, l'affluente nascosto (nascosto?), poligono di tiro di una politica indistinta dall'economia, il tutto inteso nella peggiore accezione;
    in Campania, dicevo, esiste "un comune, quello di Torraca, dove (cito incollando parti di vari articoli) l’amministrazione ha installato circa 700 punti luce per un investimento, grazie a fondi regionali, inferiori a 300mila euro che si prevede rientreranno entro 6 anni.
    Gli impianti sono stati realizzati dalla Elettronica Gelbison di Ceraso (sempre in provincia di Salerno) e dovrebbero generare un risparmio energetico del 65%, una riduzione dei costi di manutenzione del 50% e dell’inquinamento luminoso del 90%.

    Questa piccola cittadina sarebbe la prima “Led City al mondo” tanto che Toronto (Canada) che ha un solo parcheggio illuminato a led ha richiesto un gemellaggio con questa cittadina."
    Leggete la sezione dei commenti nel sito del comune, una interessantissima rassegna stampa.

    Pensate a cosa significherebbe un'operazione del genere su scala nazionale, che enorme risparmio energetico e salvaguardia ambientale/salutare, e a come diventerebbero immediatamente importanti e appetibili le fonti alternative, incidendo su un fabbisogno molto più basso. Sarebbe un'operazione di luminosa intelligenza e di vera politica. Magari si potrebbe capire quanto è idiota cercare nell'uranio un banale sostituto del petrolio, ma più pericoloso e ugualmente esauribile su tempi medio-brevi.
    Un paese di normali risorse intellettuali capirebbe subito che, conti alla mano, magari potrebbe anche essere più conveniente e facile da realizzare, con svariati riflessi su occupazione e investimenti, se proprio si volesse insistere a ridurre stolidamente la politica a politica finanziaria.

    chiedo a chi è sensibile alla questione di diffondere, nel proprio piccolo, la conoscenza di questi argomenti, e magari di scrivere a qualche giornale.
    (ho appena scoperto il sito della FIRE, da non perdere)
              Post Operasi Stoma , Komplikasi dan Management        
    By Henny AMK, WOCN
    I. Pendahuluan
    Kasus – kasus ostomy pada umumnya disebabkan oleh keganasan ( kanker ) sementara pada anak – anak sering dilakukan karena ada kelainan bawaan seperti atresia ani, hirschprung dll, stoma ada yang permanent dan ada yang sementara.Pelayanan keperawatan yang diberikan kepada pasien – pasien ostomy dimulai dari masa persiapan operasi sampai masa pasien pulang dari Rumah Sakit
    Pelayanan perawatan preoperasi memegang peranan penting karena menjadi titik awal dari perawatan selanjutnya, penjelasan yang akurat,pendidikan kesehatan yang adekuat dan stoma sitting yang tepat serta didukung oleh persiapan operasi yang sesuai standart dan penatalaksanaan post operative yang baik
    Setiap ostomet berhak untuk hidup normal dan tetap mampu melakukan kegiatan sehari – hari seperti sebelum dia dilakukan operasi stoma, dimana dia tetap mampu untuk beraktifitas, melakukan perjalanan, olah raga, berperan dikeluarga dan mampu melakukan pekerjaan meskipun mereka memiliki stoma.Sering sekali stoma membawa masalah bagi pasien baik fisik maupun psikologi,hal ini memacu kita untuk selalu mengembangkan serta meningkatkan ilmu pengetahuan dalam pelayanan keperawatan khususnya pada pasien – pasien stoma
    Sistem Pencernaan teridiri dari Mulut – Esophagus - Lambung – Usus halus ( Duodenum – Jejenum – Ileum ) – Usus besar – Rektum – Anus.dan fungsi dari system pencernaan tersebut antara lain : Ingesti, Digesti, Absorbsi, Eliminasi dan Regulasi cairan dan Elektrolit

    Gambar 1. Sistem Pencernaan
    Stoma dalam bahasa Yunani adalah mulut. Stoma adalah : usus yang dikeluarkan dari dinding abdomen melalui proses operasi dan biasanya dilakukan karena ada kelainan baik bawaan maupun ditemukan saat terjadi kecelakaan atau bahkan karena ada penyakit dibagian saluran pencernaan ataupun disaluran perkemihan
    Fungsi dari stoma adalah : Diversi isi usus ( Ileostomy, colostomy, urostomy ) dan Pemberian asupan nutrisi enteral ( Gastrostomi, jejunostomy )Stoma dibentuk ada yang bersifat permanen dan ada yang bersifat sementara untuk penyebabnya ada beberapa factor antara lain : Ileustomy disebabkan oleh Crohn disease, Ulcerative colitis, Cancer dan Familial polyposis sementara untuk colostomy disebabkan oleh cancer, Divertikulitis, Congenital condition, stab/gunshot wound dan disebabkan oleh trauma
    Tindakan operasi yang sering dilakukan untuk membuat stoma tergantung dari penyebabnya dimana ada beberapa jenis tindakan operasi antara lain : Miles procedure, APR, APER dan Hartman Prosedure sedangkan untuk tipe stoma ada beberapa jenis antara lain :
    Menurut tehnik operasinya jenis stoma ada tiga jenis antara lain End stoma (gambar 2), Loop stoma (gambar 3) dan Double barrel stoma (gambar 4)





    Gambar 2 Gambar 3 Gambar 4
    Sedangkan menurut luka operasinya antara lain : Urostomy (gambar 5),Ileustomy (gambar 6) dan Colostomy (gambar 7)





    Gambar 5 Gambar 6 Gambar 7




    II. Penatalaksanaan Pasca Operasi
    Untuk penatalaksanaan pre operasi terdiri atas pengkajian,pendidikan kesehatan,konsultasi dan stoma siting.Pada pasca operasi ostomy, perawat harus melihat kembali laporan operasi pasien waktu di kamar bedah untuk mempelajari prosedur operasi, apa yang ditemukan pada saat operasi dan hasil patologi harus secepatnya diketahui karena akan menentukan prognosi.Tindakan- tindakan keperawatan yang diprioritaskan adalah :
    1. Perawatan rutin untuk pasien post operative. Monitor tanda vital dan intake dan output, meliputi drainase lambung dan lainnya dari drain luka. Kaji perdarahan dari insisi abdomen dan perineal, kolostomi, atau anus. Evaluasi komplikasi luka yang lainnya, dan pertahankan integritas psikologi.
    2. Monitor bising usus dan derajad distensi abdomen. Manipulasi pembedahan dari usus menghentikan peristaltik, menyebabkan ileus. Adanya bising usus dan pasase flatus indikasi kembalinya peristaltik.
    3. Sediakan obat pengurang nyeri dan pemeriksaan rasa nyaman, seperti perubahan posisi. Klien yang mengalami nyeri postoperatif adekuat ditangani pemulihan lebih cepat dan mengalami beberapa komplikasi.
    4. Kaji status pernafasan, sangga abdomen dengan selimut atau bantal untuk membantu batuk. Pemotongan kanker kolorektal dengan anastomosis usus atau kolostomi adalah bedah mayor abdominal. Perawatan untuk mengurangi nyeri, pertahankan fungsi pernafasan yang adekuat, dan cegah komplikasi pembedahan.
    5. Kaji posisi dan patensi NGT, persambungan suction. Bila selang terlipat/sumbat, irigasi dengan gentle / hati-hati dengan normal saline steril. NGT digunakan postoperatif untuk dekompressi gastroinestinal dan fasilitasi penyembuhan dari anastomosa. Memastikan kelancaran penting untuk rasa nyaman dan penyembuhan klien.
    6. Kaji warna, jumlah, dan bau drainase dan kolostomi (bila ada), catat berbagai perubahan atau adanya bekuan atau perdarahan berwarna merah terang. Drainase dapat berwarna merah terang dan kemudian gelap dan akhirnya bersih atau hijau kekuningan setelah 2 – 3 hari pertama. Perubahan warna; jumlah; atau bau dari drainase dapat mengindikasikan komplikasi seperti perdarahan, sumbatan usus, atau infeksi.
    7. Perhatian bagi seluruh personal perawatan dengan klien reseksi abdomminoperitoneal untuk menghindari pemasangan temperatur rektal, suppositoria, atau prosedur rektal lainnya. Prosedur ini dapat merusak garis jahitan anal, menyebabkan perdarahan, infeksi, atau gangguan penyembuhan.
    8. Pertahankan cairan intravena ketika masih dilakukan suction naso gastrik. Klien dengan suction NGT tidak mampu untuk makan dan minum peroral dan, selebihnya, kehilangan elektrolit dan cairan melalui NGT. Bila tidak dilakukan penggantian cairan dan elektrolit, klien berisiko dehidrasi; ketidakseimbangan sodium, potasium, dan chloride; dan alkalosis metabolik.
    9. Pemberian antasid, antagonis histamin2-reseptor, dan terapi antibiotik dianjurkan. Tergantung pada prosedur yang dilakukan. Terapi antibiotik untuk mencegah infeksi akibat dari kontaminasi rongga abdominal dengan isi dari usus.
    10. Pemberian cairan dan makanan oral dianjurkan.makanan dapat berupa cairan, dan kemudian diberikan sering dan porsi sedikit. Monitor bising usus dan monitor distensi abdomen sesering mungkin selama periode ini. Oral feeding dilakukan kembali perlahan-lahan untuk meminimalkan distensi abdomen dan trauma terhadap garis jahitan.
    11. Anjurkan ambulasi. Merangsang peristaltik
    12. Mulai pengajaran dan perencanaan pulang. Konsultasikan dengan ahli diet untuk instruksi diet dan menu; beri penguatan pengajaran. Ajarkan klien tengang kemungkinan komplikasi postoperatif, seperti abses abdominal atau sumbatan usus. Ajarkan klien tentang tanda-tanda dan gejala komplikasi ini dan cara pencegahannya

    III. Komplikasi Paska Operasi
    Perawat harus menyadari bahwa pasien – pasien dengan operasi ostomy akan menghadapi resiko komplikasi dan komplikasi yang mungkin timbul pada umumnya adalah shock, perdarahan, gangguan pernafasan, gangguan perkemihan, gangguan pencernaan, luka, sepsis, masalah psikologi serta komplikasi stoma misalnya caput medusa, Dermatitis irritasi, Dermatitis Alergi, Folikulitis, Pseudoverrucous lesion dan monilia.
    Dan yang paling sering muncul adalah komplikasi yang berkaitan dengan reseksi usus, anastomosis dan konstruksi stoma, seperti ileus, obstruksi, gangguan absorbs, kebocoran, anastomosis, iskemik, nekrotik stoma dan mucocutaneous separation.
    Komplikasi kulit disekitar stoma
    Caput medusa,lebih dikenal dengan varises pada kulit sekitar stoma.Umumnya terjadi pada pasien –pasien dengan penyakit hati.
    Management
    Berikan siver nitrat untuk memotong pembuluh darah bila diperlukan,Tindakan perawatannya adalah dengan cara membuka kantong dan wafer yang dilakukan dengan lembut, dengan tehnik tidak menyebabkan trauma dan kulit peristomal, perawatan kulit yang adekuat dan hindari penggunaan plester yang tidak perlu.
    Dermatitis Irritasi,Ini terjadi karena system pengantongan stoma yang tidak bagus sehingga terjadi kebocoran dari isi kantong yang mengiritasi daerah kulit sekitar.adanya luka kemerahan atau lapisan kulit yang terangkat bisa mengakibatkan terjadinya perdarahan sehingga pasien merasa tidak nyaman,ini bisa terjadi karena terlalu sering mengganti kantong dan cara membersihkan skin barier yang tidak hati – hati.
    Management
    Angkat skin barier secara pelan – pelan, keringkan daerah kulit setelah dibersihkan, memeriksa keadaan kulit,gunakan air bersih untuk mencuci daerah kulit yang teriritasi, berikan douderm pada daerah kulit teriritasi yang terbuka,selain duoderm bisa juga diberi stomahesive powder yang berfungsi untuk menjaga kulit tetap kering
    Gambar 8
    Dermatitis Alergi, Ini muncul karena kulit alergi terhadap skin barier, plester, adhesive remover, skin prep dan pasta , umumnya menimbulkan reaksi inflamasi dan iritasi pada kulit disekitar stoma pada pasien-pasien dengan riwayat alergi pada makanan, obat-obatan atau bahan lainnya. Alergi ini ditandai dengan gatal, panas, perih dan kemerahan pada sekitar kulit dan untuk pasien ini disarankan untuk menjalani test alergi dengan menggunakan produk-produk ostomy.
    Management
    Hindari penggunaan adhesive remover atau skin prep,gunakan pasta yang tidak mengandung alcohol seperti Coloplast strip pasta, Calamine lotion ini akan melapisi daerah kulit yang kemerahan kemudian bereaksi sebagai penghambat,barier dan mencegah terjadinya iritasi berkelanjutan,Swin cream dpt digunakan untuk memberi kelembapan pada daerah kulit yang teriritasi,Cortate ( Steroid lotion ) dapat mengurangi kemerahan pada kulit ( jika iritasi kulit tidak sembuh lebih dari 2 minggu segera hubungi ETN atau dokter
    Gambar 9
    Folikulitis ini adalah inflamasi folikel rambut dipori-pori kulit sekitar stoma ketika terjadi pengangkatan rambutdengan tidak hati - hati,
    Management
    Sebaiknya lakukan langsung pencukuran rambut karena cara ini sangat efektif, kemudian berikan Nystatin ( antifungal powder ) cara penggunaanya ditaburi secara tipis pada daerah kulit terinfeksi, obat ini dapat diperoleh tanpa menggunakan resep ( Jika keadaan ini masih tetap terjadi seteah pemakaian topical lebih 2 x segera hubungi ETN atau dokter )
    Gambar 10
    Pseudoverrucous Lession,Tampak seperti nodul atau papul berwarna merah kecoklatan,lesi ini dapat mencapai ketebalan 2-3 mm dari permukaan kulit.Umumnya lesi ini terjadi pada stoma saluran kemih ini dikarenakan terjadinya kontak urin dengan kulit sekitar stoma
    Management
    Gunakan kantong dengan ukuran dan tipe yang tepat, gunakan kantong yang drainable dalam bentuk convek, gunakan pasta hidrocoloid sebelum menempelkan kantong
    Monilia ,Candida umumnya ditemukan di GI tract, ini terjadi karena infeksi oleh jamur yang menyebabkan infeksi disekitar stoma.Orang yang mempunyai stoma potensial akan mengalami infeksi jamur karena daerah sekitar stoma hangat ,lembab dan tertutup, infeksi bisa menyebar disekitar area yang lembab.kemudian menimbulkan kemerahan dan gatal.
    Management
    Bersihkan daerah kulit terinfeksi kemudian keringkan dengan kapas atau bisa menggunakan hair dryer secara pelan – pelan kemudian berikan Nystatin powder kedaerah kulit terinfeksi
    Gunakan kantong drainable two piece yang mengandung hidrocoloid dan penggantian kantong bisa 1 atau 2 x dalam seminggu
    Gambar 11
    IV. Pengkajian Stoma setelah 48 jam Post Operasi
    Tipe stoma.
    Tidak bisa dibedakan hanya dengan inspeksi saja, semua tipe stoma, baik warna maupun penampilannya sama.Kadang – kadang lokasi stoma didingding abdomen dapat membantu menentukan tipe stoma, misalnya ileustomy, lokasinya dikuadrant kiri bawah untuk kita harus selalu membaca laporan operasi
    Stomal viability
    Diukur lewat warna, turgor stoma.Stoma dibentuk dari mucosa usus yang bersifat lembab, berwarna merah daging dan odem adalah hal yang umum terjadi pada pasca operasi ostomi. stoma akan tampak tegang, agak sedikit berkilau dan tampak bening
    Ketinggian Stoma
    Ketinggian stoma terbagi tiga yaitu flush stoma dimana kedudukan stoma lebih rendah dari permukaan kulit,stoma yang menonjol keluar panjang jenis stoma ini akan beresiko trauma pada pemasangan kantong dan stoma normal dengan ukuran 2,5 cm
    Konstruksi Stoma
    Tipe konstruksi stoma ada loop stoma, end stoma, doble barrel stoma dan divided stoma tipe stoma penting diketahui untuk menilai permanent atau tidaknya stoma dibuat.Hal – hal yang berkaitan dengan konstruksi stoma seppperti pemasangan rod atau jembatan pada loop stoma, pemasangan stent atau kateter ureter pada urinary stoma
    Lokasi Stoma
    Lokasi stoma pada abdomen akan sesuai dengan tipe stoma yang dibuat,perlu dikaji pula kondisi luka operasi,garis ikat pinggang,lipatan – lipatan dan kerutan-kerutan pada perut



    Ukuran Stoma
    Ukuran stoma dikaji dengan akurat dengan menggunakan satuan ukuran inchi atau centimeter.Stoma diukur dari dasarnya dimana mukosa bertemu dengan kulit
    Jahitan Pada Mucocutaneous
    Garis jahitan pada pertemuan mukosa dan kulit harus selalu dikaji apakah terlihat reaksi alergi terhadap benang jahit,atau terlihat tanda-tanda infeksi dan terjadi pemisahan mukosa dengan kulit
    Kulit Disekitar Stoma
    Gangguan pada kulit disekitar stoma ditandai dengan adanya erithema, maserasi, kemerahan, ulserasi dan melepuh
    (Format pengkajian terlampir dan cara penggunaan terlampir )
    V. Kesimpulan
    Stoma bukanlah suatu barang atau penyakit yang harus ditakuti, hal yang paling penting dan harus benar – benar diperhatikan adalah persiapan pasien sebelum dilakukan operasi. Tenaga kesehatan terutama perawat tidak boleh melepaskan prinsip-prinsip perawatan pasien dimana harus selalu berfokus pada kebutuhan Bio-Psiko-Sosial-Kultural dan Spiritual pasien, dan pada saat pasien mau dilakukan tindakan operasi evaluasi kembali apakah calon ostomet tersebut sudah mengerti sepenuhnya tentang procedure dan efek dari tindakan tersebut, pasca operasi sering terjadi berbagai komplikasi baik dengan psikis,fisik dan terutama komplikasi dengan stoma dan kulit sekitar disinilah peranan kita sebagai ETN harus selalu mendampingi pasien, melakukan managemen pada saat terjadi masalah - masalah komplikasi di stoma atau kulit sekitarnya dan memberi dukungan spiritual, sehingga seorang ostomet merasa nyaman dan aman. “Senyuman indah dan tulus,optimis dari hati seorang ostomet untuk menghadapi dan melihat masa depan” adalah bukti keberhasilan seorang tenaga kesehatan khususnya ETN dalam penanganan luka dan stoma serta incontinence.
    Reference
    1. Patricia, B. Practical stoma wound and continence management. second edition, USA: 2004.
    2. Ostomy medical supplies.com
    3. Giovanna Bosio, at. all. A Proposal for Classifying Peristomal Skin Disorders: Results of a Multicenter Observational Study. 53 (9). Sep 01.2007. (cited Nov 03.2008). Available from: http//www
    4. Perry and Potter Fundamental of nursing:concept, process and practice fourth edisien mosby-Year Book inc





    Logo Rumah Sakit

    Pengkajian Stoma

    NAMA PASIEN : ………………………
    UMUR : ………………………
    JENIS KELAMIN : ………………………
    NO.RM : ………………………
    RUANG/KAMAR/ETN :……………………………
    (tempel stiker)

    PRE OPERATIF
    Tanggal Pengkajian : ………………………………………
    Dokter yang merawat : ……………………………………..
    Diagnosa Masuk : ……………………………………….
    Alasan masuk RS : ………………………………………
    Rencana tindakan operasi : ………………………………….
    Riwayat Kesehatan
    Alergi Tidak Status Nutrisi Baik Sedang
    Ya,Jenis …………………. Buruk Lain 2………………………
    Riwayat Operasi sebelumnya
    Tidak ada Ya,Jenis Operasi ……………………………
    Edukasi :
    Pemahaman pasien tentang sakit dan operasinya
    Diagnosa ………………………….
    Operasi ……………………………..
    Letak Stoma ……………………


    LEVEL KEGIATAN PASIEN
    Pekerja Jenis : ……………………………………. Tidak bekerja
    Dengan alat bantu,jenis : ……………………………………. Lain 2
    KEMAMPUAN PASIEN ( apakah pasien punya masalah dengan : )
    Penglihatan Pendengaran
    Kekuatan otot gbr Keterbatasan fungsi lainya………………………………….

    Masalah Spesifik
    Stoma Siting
    Gambar

    Beri tanda dengan tinta untuk menentukan letak stoma
    HASIL PEMERIKSAAN PENUNJANG
    CEA USG Colonoskopi Sigmoidoskopi
    CT SCAN PA Cystoskopi
    Diagnosa Keperawatan yang muncul
    DS : ………………………………
    DO : ………………………………
    A : ………………………………….
    P : …………………………………..

    POST OPERATIVE
    Tgl Pengkajian :…………………………..
    Jam : ……………………..
    Laporan Operasi :




    TIPE STOMA
    COLOSTOMI ILEOSTOMI UROSTOMI L AIN2 ( spesifik )
    Sementara Rencana diperbaiki, tanggal ……… Permanen
    End Stoma Loopstoma mucous fistula
    Double barrel Divided stoma kolon sigmoid
    Kolon Asending Kolon desending Laln2 ( spesifik )…………
    BENTUK STOMA
    Bulat Oval Tidak teratur
    UKURAN STOMA
    Diameter ………….. Lebar (atas-bawah)…………. Lebar (kiri-kanan)………
    ALAT LAIN
    Tidak ada Rod Stents Lain2

    BENTUK ABDOMEN
    Firm Datar Flabby Soft Round Hard
    LOKASI STOMA
    Digaris pinggang Dekat batas tulang Dekat dg stoma lainya
    Dekat umbilicus/jahitan Tidak dapat dilihat Diposisi sesuai
    Sebelah kiri Sebelah kanan Diatas umbilicus Dibawah umbilicus
    Disited Tidak disited Lain2 (spesifik)……………
    KELAINAN BENTUK STOMA
    Hernia Varises Hiperplasia Granuloma Ulserasi Lain2.....

    KELAINAN PERMUKAAN STOMA
    Tidak ada Keriput Dimpling Lemah otot abdomen Turgor tidak elastic
    Puckering Scar In moat Dehisence Masalah peristomal kronik
    Masalah peristomal akut Prastomal hernia Lain2………………
    STOMA APERTURE
    Ditengah stoma Disamping stoma Dibawah level kulit
    Diatas level kulit

    PROFIL STOMA
    Flush (sejajar abdomen) Retraksi (dibawah kulit ) Retraksi dgn peristaltic
    Dilipatan kulit Prolaps Protrude Lain2
    KELUARAN STOMA
    FECES URIN
    Output ileustomi regular Volume bagus
    Output ileustomi banyak Volume jelek
    Output colostomy regular Jernih/berkabut/mucous berlebih/bau menyengat
    Konstipasi Lain2
    Diare ………………………………………

    Kesimpulan
    Diagnosa Keperawatan Yang muncul
    1. ....................................
    2. ......................................
    3. .........................................
    DS : ...................................
    DO :.........................................
    A : ..........................................
    P :............................................

    ( ……………………………………..)



    Cara Pengisian Format Pengkajian Post Operasi Stoma
    NAMA PASIEN : Diisi dengan nama lengkap dari pasien atau bila ada stiker tempelkan
    TGL : Diisi tanggal pada saat perawat melakukan pengkajian
    NO.RM : Cantumkan no pendaftaran pasien pada saat pertama sekali pasien masuk ke RS/Klinik
    POST OPERATIVE
    Tgl Pengkajian : Tuliskan tanggal pegkajian
    Laporan Operasi : Ditulis dari catatan laporan operasi dari kamar operasi yang ditulis oleh dokter
    KOLOM –KOLOM FORMAT
    Beri tanda ceklis ( √ ) pada kolom-kolom tentang tipe stoma, apakah jenis tindakan dari operasi stoma tersebut,sifat stoma apakah permanent ,sementara,tipe stoma dan didaerah mana stoma tersebut dibuat,bentuk stoma,ukuran stoma,alat –alat yang terpasang,bentuk abdomen,lokasi stoma,kelainan bentuk stoma,kelainan permukaan stoma,stoma aperture,profil stoma, dan keluaran dari stoma.bila ada kelainan yang belum tercantum boleh ditulis manual
    (………………………..) : Tulis nama ETN/Perawat yang melakukan pengkajian
              Dijamin Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak Ini Ampuh Lengkap Dengan Vidionya        


    Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas, majalahikan.com | Kenapa yang saya bahas adalah aquarium bekas, karena aquarium yang sudah saya bersihkan dari kerak yang membandel adalah aquarium bekas yang lama sudah tidak terpakai. Sahabat akan menemukan jawaban yang bener bener mudah dari cara membersihkan kerak aquarium dengan membaca tulisan ini hingga selesai langkah demi langkahnya, apa lagi dilengkapi vidio yang real ( nyata ). Terlebih alat alat pembersih kaca aquarium yang digunakan bisa kalian dapatkan di kamar mandi dan juga dapur. Bahkan cara membersihkan kaca akuarium agar bening ini tak membutuhkan obat pembersih kerak pada kaca aquarium yang harganya mahal.

    Pokoknya dijamin kalian nggak akan kecewa dengan cara membersihkan aquarium bekas yang akan majalah ikan dot com paparkan ini. Yuk langsung simak dan lihat vidionya di akhir tulisan.

    Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak Agar Bening Kembali


    Di bawah ini adalah gambar aquarium yang berkerak

    Gambar Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas

    Kerak yang menempel pada kaca aquarium tersebut ketika diraba kasar dan sangat sulit untuk dibersihkan.

    Jika ada tutorial cara membersihkan kaca aquarium berkerak ini menggunakan spons untuk mengelap atau menggosok.....saya rasa hingga tahun depan juga nggak akan hilang kerak putihnya.

    Jika ada yang memberi tutorial cara membersihkan kerak aquarium dengan menyikat menggunakan sikat gigi atau sikat cuci.....hingga tangan kalian capek, saya rasa juga masih ada kerak putihnya.....

    Lalu apa alat yang digunakan?.....sebaiknya lanjut terus membacanya.....karena sahabat akan bener bener dimudahkan dengan alat pembersih kerak aquarium yang akan saya tunjukan nantinya.....


    Apakah kalian tau apa yang menyebabkan kerak putih pada kaca aquarium?

    Masih mungkin sih....tapi jika kalian tau jawabanya....bisa dong berbagi di kolom komentar nanti ya.....menurut saya karena akibat kandungan kapur pada air.

    Kerak putih yang menempel pada kaca aquarium ini kasar ketika diraba dan menghalangi indahnya ikan hias air tawar yang ada di dalamnya.

    Alat Alat Yang Dibutuhkan Untuk Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak Agar Bening Kembali


    Seperti saya singgung di atas....sikat gigi atau sikat cuci atau sikat lainya masih bisa dibilang mustahil untuk membersihkan kerak putih pada aquarium, meskipun kalian menyikatnya dengan tekanan penuh.

    Alat dan obat pembersih kerak aquarium yang saya pakai adalah :

    Alat pembersih kerak putih pada aquarium : Serabut pembersih wajan
    Gambar Alat Untuk Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak
    Sumber Gambar bukalapak.com
    Obat pembersih aquarium berkerak putih : Pasta gigi pepsodent
    Gambar Obat Untuk Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak
    Sumber Gambar tokopedia.com

    Langkah Langkah Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak Agar Bening Kembali


    1. Basahi permukaan aquarium yang berkerak dengan air terlebih dahulu
    2. Oleskan pasta gigi pada permukaan kaca aquarium berkerak hingga merata semuanya
    3. Setelah merata, diamkan hingga 30 menit atau lebih
    4. Gosok dengan alat pembersih tadi
    5. Bilas dengan air
    6. Setelah bersih dan kerak hilang, isi penuh aquarium dengan air dan biarkan selama satu hari satu malam agar bahan kimia dari pasta gigi tidak membahayakan ikan hias
    7. Buang air yang diisi penuh kemaren dan ganti dengan air bersih yang sudah diendapkan dan aquarium siap dimasukin ikan hias
    Di bawah ini adalah gambar langkah langkah cara membersihkan aquarium berkerak hingga hasilnya.....kinclong


    Langkah pertama basahi permukaan aquarium yang berkerak
    Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak

    Langkah kedua olesi permukaan aquarium yang berkerak dengan pasta gigi hingga rata
    Foto Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak

    Langkah ketiga diamkan selama 30 melit lebih
    Foto dan Gambar Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak

    Langkah keempat gosok permukaan aquarium berkerak dengan serabut pembersih wajan
    Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak

    Langkah kelima bilas dengan air sesudah semuanya digosok
    Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak

    Hasilnya
    Cara Membersihkan Aquarium Bekas Dan Berkerak

    Nah itulah cara membersihkan aquarium bekas dan berkerak agar bening kembali, selamat mencoba....dan untuk lebih meyakinkan sahabat semua di bawah ini adalah vidionya



              China in Africa        
    Lots of links via AlJ

    or you can go to the BBC for more information, including this factoid:

    In 2014, tiny Benin was the continent's biggest importer of wigs and false beards from China. It purchased Chinese hair pieces worth $411m.
    A hefty three million kg (472,400 stone) were taken to Benin, with many of those wigs then whisking their way to neighbouring Nigeria.

              Auchi Poly Fires 13 Lecturers, Demote 16 Others Over Students Sexual Harassment, Extortion        
    By IGNATIUS OKPARA, Benin Benin City Nigeria, (African Examiner) – The management of Federal Polytechnic, Auchi, Edo State, South- South Nigeria, has fired 13 lecturers as well as demoted 16 others over sexual harassment, extortion, of students and other misconduct. This was made known to newsmen Wednesday by the Public Relations Officer PRO of the school, Mr. […]
              Hány ország van a földön?        
    Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

    A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

    Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

    Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

    Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

    Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

    Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

    Afganisztán - Kabul
    Albánia - Tirane
    Algéria - Algiers
    Andorra - Andorra la Vella
    Angola - Luanda
    Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
    Argentína - Buenos Aires
    Örményország - Yerevan
    Ausztrália - Canberra
    Ausztria - Vienna
    Azerbajdzsán - Baku
    Bahamák - Nassau
    Bahrein - Manama
    Banglades - Dhaka
    Barbados - Bridgetown
    Fehéroroszország - Minsk
    Belgium - Brussels
    Belize - Belmopan
    Benin - Porto-Novo
    Bhután - Thimphu
    Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
    Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
    Botswana - Gaborone
    Brazília - Brasilia
    Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
    Bulgária - Sofia
    Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
    Burundi - Bujumbura
    Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
    Kamerun - Yaounde
    Kanada - Ottawa
    Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
    Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
    Csád - N'Djamena
    Chile - Santiago
    Kína - Beijing
    Kolumbia - Bogota
    Comore-szigetek - Moroni
    Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
    Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
    Costa Rica - San Jose
    Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
    Horvátország - Zagreb
    Kuba - Havana
    Ciprus - Nicosia
    Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
    Dánia - Copenhagen
    Dzsibuti - Djibouti
    Dominika - Roseau
    Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
    Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
    Ecuador - Quito
    Egyiptom - Cairo
    El Salvador - San Salvador
    Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
    Eritrea - Asmara
    Észtország - Tallinn
    Etiópia - Addis Ababa
    Fidzsi - Suva
    Finnország - Helsinki
    Franciaország - Paris
    Gabon - Libreville
    Gambia - Banjul
    Grúzia - Tbilisi
    Németország - Berlin
    Ghána - Accra
    Görögország - Athens
    Grenada - Saint George's
    Guatemala - Guatemala City
    Guinea - Conakry
    Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
    Guyana - Georgetown
    Haiti - Port-au-Prince
    Honduras - Tegucigalpa
    Magyarország - Budapest
    Izland - Reykjavik
    India - New Delhi
    Indonézia - Jakarta
    Irán - Tehran
    Irak - Baghdad
    Írország - Dublin
    Izrael - Jerusalem
    Olaszország - Rome
    Jamaica - Kingston
    Japán - Tokyo
    Jordánia - Amman
    Kazahsztán - Astana
    Kenya - Nairobi
    Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
    Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
    Dél-Korea - Seoul
    Koszovó - Pristina
    Kuvait - Kuwait City
    Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
    Laosz - Vientiane
    Lettország - Riga
    Libanon - Beirut
    Lesotho - Maseru
    Libéria - Monrovia
    Líbia - Tripoli
    Liechtenstein - Vaduz
    Litvánia - Vilnius
    Luxemburg - Luxembourg
    Macedónia - Skopje
    Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
    Malawi - Lilongwe
    Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
    Maldív-szigetek - Male
    Mali - Bamako
    Málta - Valletta
    Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
    Mauritánia - Nouakchott
    Mauritius - Port Louis
    Mexikó - Mexico City
    Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
    Moldova - Chisinau
    Monaco - Monaco
    Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
    Montenegró - Podgorica
    Marokkó - Rabat
    Mozambik - Maputo
    Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
    Namíbia - Windhoek
    Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
    Nepál - Kathmandu
    Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
    Új-Zéland - Wellington
    Nicaragua - Managua
    Niger - Niamey
    Nigéria - Abuja
    Norvégia - Oslo
    Omán - Muscat
    Pakisztán - Islamabad
    Palau - Melekeok
    Panama - Panama City
    Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
    Paraguay - Asuncion
    Peru - Lima
    Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
    Lengyelország - Warsaw
    Portugália - Lisbon
    Katar - Doha
    Románia - Bucharest
    Oroszország - Moscow
    Ruanda - Kigali
    Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
    Santa Lucia - Castries
    Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
    Szamoa - Apia
    San Marino - San Marino
    São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
    Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
    Szenegál - Dakar
    Szerbia - Belgrade
    Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
    Sierra Leone - Freetown
    Szingapúr - Singapore
    Szlovákia - Bratislava
    Szlovénia - Ljubljana
    Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
    Szomália - Mogadishu
    Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
    Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
    Spanyolország - Madrid
    Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
    Szudán - Khartoum
    Suriname - Paramaribo
    Szváziföld - Mbabane
    Svédország - Stockholm
    Svájc - Bern
    Szíria - Damascus
    Tajvan - Taipei
    Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
    Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
    Thaiföld - Bangkok
    Togo - Lome
    Tonga - Nuku'alofa
    Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
    Tunézia - Tunis
    Törökország - Ankara
    Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
    Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
    Uganda - Kampala
    Ukrajna - Kyiv
    Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
    Egyesült Királyság - London
    Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
    Uruguay - Montevideo
    Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
    Vanuatu - Port-Vila
    Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
    Venezuela - Caracas
    Vietnam - Hanoi
    Jemen - Sanaa
    Zambia - Lusaka
    Zimbabwe - Harare

              African Roots 08-09-2014 with Moutiou        
    Playlist:

    Dibi Dobo- Que Feraistu - Soyimavo
    Various Musicians- Vive Le Benin - Vive Le Benin
    Dibi Dobo- Wini Wini - Soyimavo
    KEMY- Femme Africaine - Femme Africaine
    Don Metok- Atilito - Hongan
    KEMY- Evolution - Evolution
    DOssi- Monfo - Monfo
    Gnonas Pedo- Melodia - Best Of Gnonas Pedro
    Miss Espoir- Oun Ba We Kpo - Single
    Sagbohan Danialou- Unknown - Unknown
    BMG Yari- Farafina - Single
    H20 ASSOUKA- AKINDODJA - Akindodja
    Zeynab- Pour Son Amour - Olukmi
    Such- Sugar Maple - Sugar Maple Single


    playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/83/playlistDate/2014-08-09
              Manuale per il treno 1: Utilità dell’ultimo album de “Gli Atroci”        

    IL PROBLEMA:

    Ore 20.00 circa, freddo, finalmente salite in treno e riuscite a prendere il “posto bello” (quello con altri 3 posti liberi).

    Si siede in parte la classica bimbaminkia truzzetta, con il cellulare in mano, ascoltando giustamente musica truzza. gli atroci soluzione definitiva ai truzzetti in treno

    Cosa fare in queste condizioni di emergenza?

    LA SOLUZIONE:

    Rivolgerle la parola chiedendole cortesemente di spegnere quella merda? Nah, tanto è tempo e fiato sprecato.

    Spezzarle le dita a colpi di cellulare? Nah, poi ti mettono in galera per pedofilia e violenza su minori/minorati.

    Serve l’idea geniale:

    prendete a vostra volta il cellulare e cercate l’immancabile “Metallo o Morte” degli Atroci. Dovesse anche non recepire il messaggio nascosto fra le le dolci note di “Morte alla techno”, certo non potrà rimanere indifferente al fascino di “Rivolta metallara totale”.

    NOTA BENE: è meglio se il vostro cellulare ha un volume 4 volte superiore al suo.

    Infatti si è alzata ed è andata via, verso altri lidi più truzzi (avrà poi spento la musichina fastidiosa? Chissà).

     

    CONCLUSIONE:

    Il problema è dunque risolto?

    Macché, un gruppo di 3 neri ha acceso la radio. Devono aver capito che qui si usa così.

    Uno s’è pure tolto le scarpe (e poi si lamentano che c’è poca integrazione).

    Poi un bambino s’è messo a urlare piangendo (e vorrei ben vedere, con quella musica rap molesta).

    Il problema rimane dunque irrisolto.

     

    PS: Appena arrivo a casa, per la vostra somma gioia, vedo di aggiungere i video di Youtube dei 2 brani incriminati Occhiolino 

    EDIT: Eccoli!!! (si sentono male ma non me ne frega niente; se volete fare le cose per benino vi comprate i CD e rispettate tutti e 10 i metallamenti!)

     

    Primo brano citato: “Morte alla techno”

    Secondo brano citato: “Rivolta metallara totale”


              SURAT RINDU KEKASIH.....        
    BY:AZMY MUHAMMAD DJAMIL


    Di ujung tanjung, debar jantungmu melantunkan ombak. Jemarimu menggulung rindu. Di ujung kelambu kalbu, bermanja menghelai lembar demi lembar rambutmu seakan menyisir pantai. Pasir adalah kanvas perjalananku, tempat setiap jejak kucetak dengan sajak, jejak yang kauhimpun di lengan ombak: memelukku. Pantai itu aku, selalu rapat di sisimu.


    Hujan. Di sudut buku kata-kata berdesakan memasuki guguran hujan. Langit seakan berkilatan menggoreskan tanda seru. Cahaya menjelma gemuruh. Hujan membasuh unggun sajakku, mengeramas setiap aksara, menggenangi ruh huruf dengan bening airmata. Lalu tersisa sebagai butiran yang menetes di akhir paragraf. Dan di halaman berikutnya itu aku.


    Aku, yang selalu hanyut bersamamu.



    Aku bahagia tinggal di hatimu. Mengukir lembahmu dengan sungai yang mengalir dari telaga di mataku. Sebuah mata air untukmu, di tepinya ada mahligai yang selalu diterangi cahaya, dari jendela-jendelanya hanya terlihat indahnya pemandangan. Setapak jalan cinta yang naik turun di lembah-lembah romantika. Seperti sebuah gelombang di mana kita berayun menghabiskan masa.


    Jantungku berdebar indah untukmu. Dawai-dawai yang tak pernah kehabisan getar, berirama melantunkan rindu. Menggema nada-nada cinta merangkai simfoni kehidupan kita. Pada gemuruh air terjun, pada angin yang berhembus di daun-daun, pada kicauan burung-burung dan rumpun bambu yang bersenandung. Senantiasa kita dengar musik anggun yang menggetarkan jiwa.



    Hanya kamu yang ada di hatiku, di dekapku. Sebuah perapian yang selalu menyala dalam kobaran cinta. Kehangatan adalah menggenangi pipi dengan airmata. Mengubahnya menjadi gerimis yang melukis pelangi di pinggir senja. Tubuhmu adalah selimut bagi jiwaku, aku adalah api perwujudan panasmu. Engkau adalah gunung yang indah, akulah magma yang membara.



    Biarkan cahaya matahari jatuh di wajahmu. Aku bahagia memandang keindahan alam dari jendela hatimu. Serumpun sajak cinta. Sehamparan dunia dan masadepan yang menjulang hingga nirwana. Bukankah kuciptakan hujan untuk menghapus debu-debu masa lalu. Bukankah kubalut langit dengan pelangi dan kupetik setangkai mawar untukmu. Dan sungguh, aku hanya mampu mencintai...

              25 Manfaat Tanaman Lidah Buaya (Aloe Vera) dan Cara Mengolahnya        
    Tanaman lidah buaya adalah spesies tanaman sukulen yang memiliki daging batang (gel) cukup tebal, berwarna bening transparan. Gel tersebut telah dimanfaatkan oleh manusia sejak lama untuk berbagai keperluan, mulai dari obat-obatan, membersihkan, dan sering juga dimanfaatkan sebagai bahan utama kosmetik. Jadi jangan heran kalau melihat krim wajah hingga shampoo yang diperkaya dengan tanaman lidah
              MEMANCING IKAN DI LAUT        
    Memancing ikan air laut
    adalah kegiatan, olahraga, hobi atau salah satu cara menangkap ikan dilaut dan dilakukan mulai dari pinggir pantai hingga ke tengah laut dengan menggunakan bantuan alat pemancing ikan.

    Di air laut, memancing ikan pada zaman ini dapat dilakukan dengan cara:

    Selain itu kondisi saat memancing ikan di laut dapat dilakukan pada siang hari (dari pagi hingga petang) dan juga malam hari. Namun semua kegiatan memancing di laut kadang selalu tergantung juga dengan keadaan cuaca di sekitarnya.

    Faktor Cuaca

    Tidak setiap pemancingan ikan di laut selalu berhasil dengan baik. Saat memancing ikan dilaut, faktor cuaca atau faktor alam sangat berpengaruh pada hasil tangkapan. Faktor cuaca biasanya tergantung dari bermacam faktor.

    Pemancing sedang berusaha menarik seekor ikan Marlin yang telah lemas ke sisi kapal untuk diangkat ke geladak kapal

    1. Faktor Cuaca di atas permukaan laut

    a. Matahari dan Bulan

    Terik tidaknya matahari pada siang hari kadang mempengaruhi kegiatan ikan. Memancing yang baik adalah saat menjelang pagi atau subuh, dimana secara biologis ikan baru keluar dari tidurnya dan mencari makan. Diteruskan hingga siang hari teriknya matahari yang terus bersinar tanpa adanya mendung dan gelap.

    Sedangkan di malam hari berpengaruh kepada ada atau tidaknya bulan. Pada malam hari memancing ikan yang baik adalah pada saat tidak ada bulan atau dengan kata lain pada saat tidak ada sinar. Karena air laut itu mengandung garam maka jika ada sinar bulan pada malam hari akan menyebabkan senar pancing yang ada di dalam air laut akan terlihat seperti menyala, itu diakibatkan karena adanya sinar atau cahaya dari atas permukaan air. Tetapi untuk memancing cumi-cumi atau udang lebih sering dilakukan pada malam hari justru disaat ada bulan adalah saat yang paling baik, karena hewan-hewan ini sangat tertarik kepada cahaya yang menyebabkan mereka mengumpul di permukaan laut disaat ada bulan. Itu sebabnya mengapa nelayan pada malam hari menggunakan lampu atau petromak untuk mencari ikan kecil, udang dan cumi-cumi.

    b. Angin, Ombak dan Awan

    Kecepatan angin juga mempengaruhi kegiatan ikan, karena besar tidaknya ombak adalah akibat dari tiupan angin. Dari tiupan angin akan mengakibatkan adanya ombak dan juga bisa berpengaruh kepada ada atau tidaknya awan. Jika memancing di tengah teluk yang curam disaat ombak besar ikan-ikan yang lebih kecil biasanya akan menuju ke teluk yang mengakibatkan ikan-ikan besar juga ikut ke dalam teluk untuk mencari mangsa.

    Aliran angin juga tergantung dari cuaca dan musim. Jika mendung dan matahari terhalang atau redup, ikan laut juga biasanya akan berenang dan berada lebih kedalam air atau bahkan ke dasar laut. Disaat hujan atau musim hujan, ikan laut cenderung lebih sedikit karena salinitas air laut atau kadar garam pada air laut berkurang yang disebabkan oleh banyaknya air tawar yang terbuang ke permukaan laut juga ditambah oleh aliran muara sungai tempat air tawar terbuang ke tengah laut dan mengakibatkan ikan menuju ke tengah laut, ke dasar laut atau bersembunyi dikarang. Sedangkan jika hujan terjadi di tengah laut dan hanya sebentar apalagi ketika hujan baru reda kadang ikan akan bertambah lapar dan agresif.

    2. Faktor Cuaca di dalam air laut

    a. Suhu air laut

    Suhu air laut sangat berpengaruh pada ikan, jika terlampau panas ikan akan lebih ke dalam laut atau ke tengah laut untuk mencari suhu yang lebih dingin, tetapi pada suhu yang agak tinggi ikan akan lebih agresif dalam mencari makan. Sedangkan jika suhu air laut terlampau dingin, ikan akan kurang dalam selera makan dan kurang begitu agresif. Suhu air laut daerah tropis berkisar antara 26 - 35 derajat celcius sedangkan pada daerah kutub bisa mendekati nol derajat celcius.

    b. Arus air laut

    Arus air dipengaruhi oleh keadaaan laut sekitarnya. Banyak kejadian pada saat situasi angin lemah, arus air bisa kencang atau pada saat angin kencang arus air dalam laut justru lemah. Jadi arus air tidak dipengaruhi oleh angin.

    Jika arus air laut kencang dapat terlihat pada mancing dasar oleh miringnya senar pancing ketika timah pemberat umpan pancing dan mata kail sudah menyentuh dasar laut. Kadang mata kail dapat bergeser sangat jauh atau bahkan tidak dapat menyentuh dasar laut. Keadaan seperti ini dapat diatasi dengan memberi pemberat yang lebih besar. Seperti layaknya udara, air laut bergerak dari yang bersuhu dingin menuju ke suhu yang lebih hangat. Pada daerah pertemuan kedua arus inilah biasanya ikan banyak berkumpul.

    c. Kejernihan air laut

    Faktor kejernihan atau kekeruhan air laut juga patut diperhitungkan. Kadang kekeruhan air yang buruk atau banyaknya sampah dapat menyebabkan ikan berkurang. Saat yang lebih baik adalah pada keadaan laut sekitarnya bening dan berwarna biru terang dan matahari bersinar terik. Kadang perbedaan warna laut bisa diakibatkan oleh sinar matahari yang redup atau terhalang oleh mendung, hal ini dapat menyebabkan air laut terlihat keruh.


              Killing us softly         

    A recent public outcry in China, sparked by a damning documentary about air pollution, was based on well-founded fear:

    Of the 100 million people who viewed the film on the first day of its online release, 172,000 are likely to die each year from air pollution-related diseases, according to regional trends.* 

    Worldwide, pollution kills twice as many people each year as HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined,** but aid policy has consistently neglected it as a health risk, donors and experts say. 

    Air pollution alone killed seven million people in 2012, according to World Health Organization (WHO) figures released last year, most of them in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) in the Asia Pacific region.*** 

    In a self-critical report released late last month the World Bank acknowledged that it had treated air pollution as an afterthought, resulting in a dearth of analysis of the problem and spending on solutions. 

    “We now need to step up our game and adopt a more comprehensive approach to fixing air quality,” the authors wrote in Clean Air and Healthy Lungs. “If left unaddressed, these problems are expected to grow worse over time, as the world continues to urbanise at an unprecedented and challenging speed.”

    A second report released last month by several organisations – including the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, an international consortium of UN organisations, governments, development banks, NGOs and academics – also called for more funding towards reducing pollution. 

    “Rich countries, multilateral agencies and organisations have forgotten the crippling impacts of pollution and fail to make it a priority in their foreign assistance,” the authors wrote. 

    Housebound in China 

    A dense haze obstructs visibility more often than not across China’s northern Hua Bei plain and two of its major river deltas. Less than one percent of the 500 largest cities in China meet WHO’s air quality guidelines. Anger over air pollution is a hot topic among China’s increasingly outspoken citizenry.  

    “Half of the days in 2014, I had to confine my daughter to my home like a prisoner because the air quality in Beijing was so poor,” China’s well-known journalist Chai Jing said in Under the Dome, the independent documentary she released last month, which investigated the causes of China’s air pollution.

    The film was shared on the Chinese social media portal Weibo more than 580,000 times before officials ordered websites to delete it. 

    Beyond the silo

    Traditionally left to environmental experts to tackle, the fight against pollution is increasingly recognised as requiring attention from health and development specialists too. 

    “Air pollution is the top environmental health risk and among the top modifiable health risks in the world,” said Professor Michael Brauer, a public health expert at the University of British Columbia in Canada and a member of the scientific advisory panel for the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, a consortium of governments and the UN Environment Programme. “Air pollution has been under-funded and its health impacts under-appreciated.”

    Pollution – especially outdoor or “ambient” air pollution – is also a major drag on economic performance and limits the opportunities of the poor, according to Ilmi Granoff, an environmental policy expert at the Overseas Development Institute, a London-based think tank. It causes premature death, illness, lost earnings and medical costs – all of which take their toll on both individual and national productivity.

    “Donors need to get out of the siloed thinking of pollution as an environmental problem distinct from economic development and poverty reduction,” Granoff said. 

    Pollution cleanup is indeed underfunded, he added, but pollution prevention is even more poorly prioritised: “It’s underfunded in much of the developed world, in aid, and in developing country priorities, so this isn’t just an aid problem.”

    Mounting evidence 

    Pollution kills in a variety of ways, according to relatively recent studies; air pollution is by far the most lethal form compared to soil and water pollution. 
     

    Microscopic particulate matter (PM) suspended in polluted air is the chief culprit in these deaths: the smaller the particles’ size, the deeper they are able to penetrate into the lungs.  Particles of less than 2.5 micrometres in diameter (PM2.5) are small enough to reach the alveoli, the deepest part of the lungs, and to enter the blood stream.  

    From there, PM2.5 causes inflammation and changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood clotting processes - the precursors to fatal stroke and heart disease.  PM2.5 irritates and corrodes the alveoli, which impairs lung function - a major precursor to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It also acts as a carcinogen.

    Most research looks at long-term exposure to PM2.5 but even studies looking at the hours immediately following bursts of especially high ambient PM2.5 (in developed countries) show a corresponding spike in life-threatening heart attacks, heart arrhythmias and stroke.

    Asia worst affected

    The overwhelming majority - 70 percent - of global air pollution deaths occur in the Western Pacific and Southeast Asia regions.  South Asia has eight of the top 10 and 33 of the top 50 cities with the worst PM concentrations in the world.  

     

    WHO says a city’s average annual PM levels should be 20 micrograms per cubic meter.  But cities such as Karachi, Gaborone, and Delhi have yearly PM averages above 200 micrograms per cubic meter. 

    The main source of PM2.5 in indoor air, or household air, is burning solid fuels for cooking and heating, using wood, coal, dung or crop leftovers - a common practice in rural areas of low and middle-income countries that lack electricity.  

    Almost three billion people live this way, the majority in the densely populated Asia Pacific region: India and China each hold about one quarter of all people who rely on solid fuels. For these people, the daily average dose of PM2.5 is often in the hundreds of micrograms per cubic meter. 

    Filling the gaps

    Unlike many other health risks air pollution is very cost-effective to address, Brauer said. Analysis of air quality interventions in the US suggests a return on investment of up to $30 for every dollar spent. 

    “We already know how to reduce these risks, as we have done exactly that in high income countries, so this is not a matter of searching for a cure - we know what works,” he said.

    But the World Bank report said that unless it starts gathering better data on local air quality in LMICs, the amounts and sources of air pollution and the full gamut of its health impacts, “it is not possible to appropriately target interventions in a cost-effective manner.”

    Granoff said there are also gaps in government capacity to monitor, regulate and enforce pollution policy. 

    Beijing hopes to bring PM2.5 concentrations down to safe levels by 2030, and has said it will fine big polluters. 

    The World Bank report said China is also charging all enterprises fees for the pollutants they discharge; establishing a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring network; instituting pollution control measures on motor vehicles; and controlling urban dust pollution.

    But enforcing environmental protections has been a longstanding problem in China.

    “Pollution policy will only succeed if citizens are aware of the harm, able to organise their concern [through advocacy campaigns], and have a responsive government that prioritises public welfare over the narrower interests of polluting sectors,” Granoff said. 

    While more people die from household air pollution than from ambient air pollution, the latter – through vehicles, smokestacks and open burning – still accounted for 3.7 million deaths in 2012, according to the WHO. 

    A change in the air

    Kaye Patdu, an air quality expert at Clean Air Asia, a Manila-based think tank - and the secretariat for the UN-backed Clean Air Asia Partnership, comprising more than 250 government, civil, academic, business and development organisations - said the aid community is finally starting to recognise the importance of tackling air pollution.  

    • Last year’s inaugural UN Environment Assembly adopted a resolution calling for strengthened action on air pollution.  
    • WHO Member States are planning to adopt a resolution on health and air quality at the upcoming World Health Assembly in May. 
    • The proposed Sustainable Development Goals, which will set the post-2015 international development agenda, address city air quality and air, soil and water pollution. 

    None of the experts IRIN contacted could provide a breakdown of total aid spending on all forms of toxic pollution (air, water and soil pollution that is harmful to human health).  So IRIN asked each of the major global donors for their figures.  

    Three responded.  

    A back-of-envelope calculation of all reported spending on toxic pollution by USAID, the European Commission and the World Bank suggests that between them they committed about US$10 billion over 10 years. This does not include aid spending on the diseases that pollution causes. The World Bank’s spending figures eclipsed those of other the other donors. 

    By very rough comparison, HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis, with half the death toll of air pollution, received $28 billion via public sector commitments to the Global Fund – the world’s largest financier of programs that tackle these diseases – over the same period, a fraction of total spending on these diseases. 

    gh/ha/bp

    *Based on WHO statistics for per capita mortality rates in the Western Pacific region in 2012. 

    **The mortality figures for air pollution come from 2012 statistics and were released by WHO in 2014, while the figures for the infectious diseases come from 2013 statistics and were released by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation in 2014 (the Global Burden of Disease study).

    ***Includes deaths from both household air pollution (4.3 million) and ambient air pollution (3.7 million): the combined death toll is less than the sum of the parts because many people are exposed to both. 

    For more: 

    The relationship between household air pollution and disease

    Ambient air pollution and the risk of acute ischemic stroke 

    Cardiovascular effects of exposure to ambient air pollution 

    Particulate air pollution and lung function  

    Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and incidence of cerebrovascular events: Results from 11 European cohorts within the ESCAPE Project  

    OECD's The Cost of Air Pollution report
     

    101285 200901271.jpg Analysis Health Killing us softly Gabrielle Babbington IRIN HONG KONG Congo, Republic of Djibouti DRC Eritrea Ethiopia Kenya Rwanda Somalia Sudan Tanzania Uganda Angola Botswana Lesotho Madagascar Malawi Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Seychelles South Africa Swaziland Zambia Zimbabwe Benin Burkina Faso Cameroon Cape Verde Chad Côte d’Ivoire Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Liberia Mali Mauritania Niger Nigeria Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone Togo Colombia Haiti United States Bangladesh Cambodia Indonesia Iran Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Lao Peoples Democratic Republic Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Philippines Samoa Sri Lanka Tajikistan Thailand Timor-Leste Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam
              FlatOut 4 Total Insanity PS4        
    FlatOut 4 Total Insanity PS4

    FlatOut 4 Total Insanity PS4

    Release date: 17 March 2017 27 customizable cars, including tributes to fan favourites and new additions to the garage. 20 Tracks including traditional derby racing, time trials, arenas, assault levels, Carnage levels and much more. High speed collisions in fully destructible environments. The legendary Stunt Mode: a mix of six new stunts and six re-imagined classic stunts where the driver is flung through the windshield. Arena Mode: featuring 3 different game play styles – Death Match, Capture the Flag, Survivor. New Assault Mode: use deadly weapons to slow or destroy your opponents! Up to 8 players Online Mode and play locally with friends in a series of stunts.


              FlatOut 4 Total Insanity Xbox One        
    FlatOut 4 Total Insanity Xbox One

    FlatOut 4 Total Insanity Xbox One

    Release date: 17 March 2017 27 customizable cars, including tributes to fan favourites and new additions to the garage. 20 Tracks including traditional derby racing, time trials, arenas, assault levels, Carnage levels and much more. High speed collisions in fully destructible environments. The legendary Stunt Mode: a mix of six new stunts and six re-imagined classic stunts where the driver is flung through the windshield. Arena Mode: featuring 3 different game play styles – Death Match, Capture the Flag, Survivor. New Assault Mode: use deadly weapons to slow or destroy your opponents! Up to 8 players Online Mode and play locally with friends in a series of stunts.


              Cara mahasiswa jepang nyontek...canggih gan !        


    Materi contekan di ketik di komputer

    Tulisan contekannya diperkecil

    Dan kemudian hasil ketikannya dicetak


    Materi contekannya ditempelkan selotip bening lalu digunting

    Lalu direndam di dalam air

    Seperti ini hasil perendaman dalam air

    Materi contekan yang sudah direndam tersebut dikeringkan dengan cara diangin-anginkan

    Dan inilah hasilnya:
    Hasil contekan ditempel di pulpen

    Atau bahkan di gelas minuman

    Bangsa Jepang memang terkenal sebagai bangsa penemu yang kreatif. Namun hal seperti diatas bagaimanapun tidak boleh ditiru. Benar-benar cerdik sekaligus licik

                      
    Everybody should be happy tomorrow, May Lou, when Venus plays the British Girl in a semi-final.

    Yesterday was interesting. She is the oldest player, of either sex, still standing – even older than Federer. She was playing the youngest, an Eastern European who has suddenly flashed across the tennis sky like a comet. She won the French open. She’s terribly good, and we’ll see more of her.

    But Venus was better.

    I don’t remember being properly impressed, before, with how beautiful she is. Not just good-looking: they’re all that, in varying degrees, being young and glowing with health. Venus is beautiful, a Greek goddess, a Benin bronze. I can’t find a picture to show you – they all show her in motion, or smiling. I’m thinking of her standing on the baseline, composing herself for the next point.



    Murray’s path to the final looks more hopeful, with Nadal gone and Djokovic’ shoulder giving trouble. Murray, moving about between points, has limped like an old man, but is still a gazelle in motion.

    Knitting

    I’m still engaged with the last few stitches of the garter stitch band at the top of the Northmavine Hap. I should at least begin on the sewn bind-off today (men’s quarter-finals).

    Andrew & Andrea’s new issue appeared yesterday. Itfeatured a designer I’ve never heard of (but should have – she has produced at least one pattern for Brooklyn Tweed), Andrea Mowry. Delightful.

    You’re right, Pom Pom – Ella Gordon’s blogis certainly one to look for. She was there in the shop the day I went to Jamieson&Smith. (I love your blog post about your grandmother.) Her blog is full of wonderful Shetland-ness.


    But what I love about Andrew & Andrea is a) that there are two of them – it was a stroke of genius to start teaching Andrew to knit; and b) that it is a true magazine, with items from far and wide.

              Komentar di Atasi Diabetes oleh Anastasia        
    Luarbiasa. Selama 1,5 tahun hamper rutin suami saya konsumsi kelor sebagai sayur bening. Dan 4 bulan terakhir saya buat tehnya. Saya buat sendiri, dengan cara mengeringkan/angin2kan dalam rumah. Rumah atap seng. Setelah saya sortir saya blender tidak sampai jadi bubuk. Mksd saya supaya sebelum air dikonsumsi, pertama airnya bisa saya buang dulu supaya debu2 bisa terbuang.Wajah suani makin tampak segar. Dia punya riwayat diabetes 2, kolesterol, darahtinggi. Sayangnya dia tidak pernah mau cek ke lab. Namun, dia tudak punya keluhan berarti lagi. Kami domisili di kefamenanu, TTU - NTT.
              Moria pesci in torrente a Follonica per mancanza di ossigeno        

    Moria di pesci stamani nel torrente Petraia a Follonica (Grosseto). A causarla, secondo quanto reso noto dal sindaco Andrea Benini, in base a una valutazione della polizia provinciale che ha effettuato un primo sopralluogo, “la moria è dovuta ad una evidente causa di anossia, cioè mancanza di ossigeno. Di fatto nel corso del Petraia, quasi […]

    L'articolo Moria pesci in torrente a Follonica per mancanza di ossigeno proviene da www.controradio.it.


              LIMFOMA MALIGNA        

    LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
    LIMFOMA MALIGNA

    A.    Pengertian
    Limfoma maligna (kanker kelenjar getah bening) merupakan bentuk keganasan dari sistem limfatik yaitu sel-sel limforetikular seperti sel B, sel T dan histiosit sehingga muncul istilah limfoma maligna (maligna = ganas). Ironisnya, pada orang sehat sistem limfatik tersebut justru merupakan komponen sistem kekebalan tubuh. Ada dua jenis limfoma maligna yaitu Limfoma Hodgkin (HD) dan Limfoma non-Hodgkin (LNH).

    B.     Epidemiologi
    Saat ini, sekitar 1,5 juta orang di dunia hidup dengan limfoma maligna terutama tipe LNH, dan dalam setahun sekitar 300 ribu orang meninggal karena penyakit ini. Dari tahun ke tahun, jumlah penderita penyakit ini juga terus meningkat. Sekadar gambaran, angka kejadian LNH telah meningkat 80 persen dibandingkan angka tahun 1970-an. Data juga menunjukkan, penyakit ini lebih banyak terjadi pada orang dewasa dengan angka tertinggi pada rentang usia antara 45 sampai 60 tahun. Sedangkan pada Limfoma Hodgkin (DH) relative jarang dijumpai, hanya merupaka 1 % dari seluruh kanker. Di negara barat insidennya dilaporkan 3,5/100.000/tahun pada laki-laki dan 2,6/100.000/tahun pada wanita. Di Indonesia, belum ada laporan angka kejadian Limfoma Hodgkin. Penyakit limfoma Hodgkin banyak ditemukan pada orang dewasa muda antara usia 18-35 tahun dan pada orang di atas 50 tahun.

    C.    Etiologi
    Penyebab dari penyakit limfoma maligna masih belum diketahui dengan pasti..Empat kemungkinan penyebabnya adalah: faktor keturunan, kelainan sistem kekebalan, infeksi virus atau bakteria (HIV, virus human T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (HTLV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Helicobacter Sp) dan toksin lingkungan (herbisida, pengawet dan pewarna kimia).

    D.    Faktor Predisposisi
    1.      Usia
    Penyakit limfoma maligna banyak ditemukan pada usia dewasa muda yaitu antara 18-35 tahun dan pada orang diatas 50 tahun
    2.      Jenis kelamin
    Penyakit limfoma maligna lebih banyak diderita oleh pria dibandingkan wanita
    3.      Gaya hidup yang tidak sehat
    Risiko Limfoma Maligna meningkat pada orang yang mengkonsumsi makanan tinggi lemak hewani, merokok, dan yang terkena paparan UV
    4.      Pekerjaan
    Beberapa pekerjaan yang sering dihubugkan dengan resiko tinggi terkena limfoma maligna adalah peternak serta pekerja hutan dan pertanian.

    E.     Patofisiologi
    Proliferasi abmormal tumor dapat memberi kerusakan penekanan atau penyumbatan organ tubuh yang diserang. Tumor dapat mulai di kelenjar getah bening (nodal) atau diluar kelenjar getah bening (ekstra nodal).
    Gejala pada Limfoma secara fisik dapat timbul benjolan yang kenyal, mudah digerakkan (pada leher, ketiak atau pangkal paha). Pembesaran kelenjar tadi dapat dimulai dengan gejala penurunan berat badan, demam, keringat malam. Hal ini dapat segera dicurigai sebagai Limfoma. Namun tidak semua benjolan yang terjadi di sistem limfatik merupakan Limfoma. Bisa saja benjolan tersebut hasil perlawanan kelenjar limfa dengan sejenis virus atau mungkin tuberkulosis limfa.
    Beberapa penderita mengalami demam Pel-Ebstein, dimana suhu tubuh meninggi
    selama beberapa hari yang diselingi dengan suhu normal atau di bawah normal selama beberapa hari atau beberapa minggu. Gejala lainnya timbul berdasarkan lokasi pertumbuhan sel-sel limfoma.

    F.     Klasifikasi
    1.      Klasifikasi Penyakit
    Ada dua jenis penyakit yang termasuk limfoma malignum yaitu penyakit Hodgkin (PH) dan limfoma non Hodgkin (LNH). Keduanya memiliki gejala yang mirip. Perbedaannya dibedakan berdasarkan pemeriksaan patologi anatomi dimana pada PH ditemukan sel Reed Sternberg, dan sifat LNH lebih agresif
    2.      Klasifikasi Patologi
    Klasifikasi limfoma maligna telah mengalami perubahan selama bertahun-tahun. Pada tahun 1956 klasifikasi Rappaport mulai diperkenalkan. Rappaport membagi limfoma maligna menjadi tipe nodular dan difus kemudian subtipe berdasarkan pemeriksaan sitologi. Modifikasi klasifikasi ini terus berlanjut hingga pada tahun 1982 muncul klasifikasi Working Formulation yang membagi limfoma maligna menjadi keganasan rendah, menengah dan tinggi berdasarkan klinis dan patologis. Seiring dengan kemajuan imunologi dan genetika maka muncul klasifikasi terbaru pada tahun 1982 yang dikenal dengan Revised European-American classification of Lymphoid Neoplasms (REAL classification).
    3.      Stadium Limfoma Maligna
    Penyebaran Limfoma dapat dikelompokkan dalam 4 stadium. Stadium I dan II sering dikelompokkan bersama sebagai stadium awal penyakit, sementara stadium III dan IV dikelompokkan bersama sebagai stadium lanjut.
    o   Stadium I : Penyebaran Limfoma hanya terdapat pada satu kelompok yaitu kelenjar getah bening.
    o   Stadium II : Penyebaran Limfoma menyerang dua atau lebih kelompok kelenjar getah bening, tetapi hanya pada satu sisi diafragma, serta pada seluruh dada atau perut.
    o   Stadium III : Penyebaran Limfoma menyerang dua atau lebih kelompok kelenjar getah bening, serta pada dada dan perut.
    o   Stadium IV : Penyebaran Limfoma selain pada kelenjar getah bening setidaknya pada satu organ lain juga seperti sumsum tulang, hati, paru-paru, atau otak

    G.    Gejala Klinis
    Gejala klinis dari penyakit limfoma maligna adalah sebagai berikut :
    1.      Limfodenopati superficial. Sebagian besar pasien datang dengan pembesaran kelenjar getah bening asimetris yang tidak nyeri dan mudah digerakkan (pada leher, ketiak atau pangkal paha)
    2.      Demam
    3.      Sering keringat malam
    4.      Penurunan nafsu makan
    5.      Kehilangan berat badan lebih dari 10 % selama 6 bulan (anorexia)
    6.      Kelemahan, keletihan
    7.      Anemia, infeksi, dan pendarahan dapat dijumpai pada kasus yang mengenai sumsum tulang secara difus

    H.    Pemeriksaan Fisik
    o   Pemeriksaan fisik pada daerah leher, ketiak dan pangkal paha
    Pada Limfoma secara fisik dapat timbul benjolan yang kenyal, tidak terasa nyeri, mudah digerakkan (pada leher, ketiak atau pangkal paha)
    o   Inspeksi , tampak warna kencing campur darah, pembesaran suprapubic bila tumor sudah besar.
    o   Palpasi, teraba tumor masa suprapubic, pemeriksaan bimanual teraba tumor pada dasar buli-buli dengan bantuan general anestesi baik waktu VT atau RT.

    I.       Pemeriksaan Penunjang
    Untuk mendeteksi limfoma harus dilakukan biopsi dari kelenjar getah bening yang terkena dan juga untuk menemukan adanya sel Reed-Sternberg. Untuk mendeteksi Limfoma memerlukan pemeriksaan seperti sinar-X, CT scan, PET scan, biopsi sumsum tulang dan pemeriksaan darah. Biopsi atau penentuan stadium adalah cara mendapatkan contoh jaringan untuk membantu dokter mendiagnosis Limfoma. Ada beberapa jenis biopsy untuk mendeteksi limfoma maligna yaitu :
    1.      Biopsi kelenjar getah bening, jaringan diambil dari kelenjar getah bening yang membesar.
    2.      Biopsi aspirasi jarum-halus, jaringan diambil dari kelenjar getah bening dengan jarum suntik. Ini kadang-kadang dilakukan untuk memantau respon terhadap pengobatan.
    3.      Biopsi sumsum tulang di mana sumsum tulang diambil dari tulang panggul untuk melihat apakah Limfoma telah melibatkan sumsum tulang.

    J.      Terapi
    o   Cara pengobatan bervariasi dengan jenis penyakit. Beberapa pasien dengan tumor keganasan tingkat rendah, khususnya golongan limfositik, tidak membutuhkan pengobatan awal jika mereka tidak mempunyai gejala dan ukuran lokasi limfadenopati yang bukan merupakan ancaman.
    o   Radioterapi
    Walaupun beberapa pasien dengan stadium I yang benar-benar terlokalisasi dapat disembuhkan dengan radioterapi, terdapat angka yang relapse dini yang tinggi pada pasien yang dklasifikasikan sebagai stadium II dan III. Radiasi local untuk tempat utama yang besar harus dipertimbangkan pada pasien yang menerima khemoterapi dan ini dapat bermanfaat khusus jika penyakit mengakibatkan sumbatan/ obstruksi anatomis.
    Pada pasien dengan limfoma keganasan tingkat rendah stadium III dan IV, penyinaran seluruh tubuh dosis rendah dapat membuat hasil yang sebanding dengan khemoterapi.
    o   Khemoterapi
    1.       Terapi obat tunggal Khlorambusil atau siklofosfamid kontinu atau intermiten yang dapat memberikan hasil baik pada pasien dengan limfoma maligna keganasan tingkat rendah yang membutuhkan terapi karena penyakit tingkat lanjut.
    2.       Terapi kombinasi. (misalnya COP (cyclophosphamide, oncovin, dan prednisolon)) juga dapat digunakan pada pasien dengan tingkat rendah atau sedang berdasakan stadiumnya.

    K.    Komplikasi
    Komplikasi yang dialami pasien dengan limfoma maligna dihubungkan dengan penanganan dan berulangnya penyakit. Efek-efek umum yang merugikan berkaitan dengan kemoterapi meliputi : alopesia, mual, muntah, supresi sumsum tulang, stomatitis dan gangguan gastrointestinal. Infeksi adalah komplikasi potensial yang paling serius yang mungkin dapat menyebabkan syok sepsis.
    Efek jangka panjang dari kemoterapi meliputi kemandulan, kardiotoksik, dan fibrosis pulmonal. Efek samping terapi radiasi dihubungkan dengan area yang diobati. Bila pengobatan pada nodus limfa servikal atau tenggorok maka akan terjadi hal-hal sebagai berikut : mulut kering, disfagia, mual, muntah, rambut rontok, dan penurunan produksi saliva.
    Bila dilakukan pengobatan pada nodus limfa abdomen, efek yang mungkin terjadi adalah muntah, diare, keletihan, dan anoreksia

    L.     Prognosis
    Kebanyakan pasien dengan penyakit limfoma maligna tingkat rendah bertahan hidup lebih dari 5-10 tahun sejak saat didiagnosis. Banyak pasien dengan penyakit limfoma maligna tingkat tinggi yang terlokalisasi disembuhkan dengan radioterapi. Dengan khemoterapi intensif, pasien limfoma maligna tingkat tinggi yang tersebar luas mempunyai perpanjangan hidup lebih lama dan dapat disembuhkan.

    ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN

    A.    Pengkajian
    Gejala pada Limfoma secara fisik dapat timbul benjolan yang kenyal, tidak terasa nyeri, mudah digerakkan (pada leher, ketiak atau pangkal paha). Pembesaran kelenjar tadi dapat dimulai dengan gejala penurunan berat badan, demam, keringat malam. Hal ini dapat segera dicurigai sebagai Limfoma. Namun tidak semua benjolan yang terjadi di sistem limfatik merupakan Limfoma. Bisa saja benjolan tersebut hasil perlawanan kelenjar limfe dengan sejenis virus atau mungkin tuberculosis limfa.
    1. Biodata klien dan penanggung jawab
    2. Data
    a.       Data subyektif
    ·         Demam berkepanjangan dengan suhu diatas 38 derajat celcius
    ·         Sering keringat malam
    ·         Cepat merasa lelah
    ·         Badan lemah
    ·         Nafsu makan menurun
    ·         Intake makan dan minum menurun
    b.      Data obyektif
    §  Timbul benjolanyang kenyal, mudah digerakkan pada leher, ketiak atau pangkal paha
    §   Wajah pucat
    1. Kebutuhan dasar
    o   Aktivitas/Istirahat
    Gejala    :    Kelelahan, kelemahan atau malaise umum, kehilangan produktifitas     dan penurunan toleransi latihan, kebutuhan tidur dan istirahat lebih banyak
    Tanda    :    Penurunan kekuatan, bahu merosot, jalan lamban dan tanda lain yang    menunjukkan kelelahan
    o   Sirkulasi 
    Gejala    :    Palpitasi, angina/nyeri dada
    Tanda    :    Takikardia, disritmia, sianosis wajah dan leher (obstruksi drainase vena karena pembesaran nodus limfa adalah kejadian yang jarang), ikterus sklera dan ikterik umum sehubungan dengan kerusakan hati dan obtruksi duktus empedu dan pembesaran nodus limfa (mungkin tanda lanjut)
    pucat (anemia), diaforesis, keringat malam.
    o
    LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
    PADA KLIEN DENGAN POLIP NASI
    DI RUANGAN THT RSUD PROVINSI SULTRA



     








    OLEH

    Hamzal Karam

    CI Lahan                                                       CI Institusi



    (…………………………...)                              (……………………………)


    PROGRAM PENDIDIKAN PROFESI NERS
    STIKES MANDALA-WALUYA
    KENDARI
    2012


    LAPORAN PENDAHULUAN
    POLIP NASI

    A.    Pengertian
    Polip nasi ialah massa lunak yang bertangkai di dalam rongga hidung yang terjadi akibat inflamasi mukosa. Permukaannya licin, berwarna putih keabu-abuan dan agak bening karena mengandung banyak cairan. Bentuknya dapat bulat atau lonjong, tunggal atau multipel, unilateral atau bilateral. (Anonim, 2010)
    B.     Etiologi
    Terjadi akibat reaksi hipertensitif atau reaksi alergi pada mukosa hidung. Polip dapat timbul pada penderita laki-laki maupun perempuan, dari usia anak-anak sampai usia lanjut. Bila ada polip pada anak di bawah usia 2 tahun, harus disingkirkan kemungkinan meningokel atau meningoensefalokel.
    Dulu diduga predisposisi timbulnya polip nasi ialah adanya rinitis alergi atau penyakit atopi, tetapi makin banyak penelitian yang tidak mendukung teori ini dan para ahli sampai saat ini menyatakan bahwa etiologi polip nasi masih belum diketahui dengan pasti.
    Polip disebabkan oleh reaksi alergi atau reaksi radang. Bentuknya bertangkai, tidak mengandung pembuluh darah. Di hidung polip dapat tumbuh banyak, apalagi bila asalnya dari sinus etmoid. Bila asalnya dari sinus maksila, maka polip itu tumbuh hanya satu, dan berada di lubang hidung yang menghadap  ke nasofaring (konka). Keadaan ini disebut polip konka. Polip konka biasanya lebih besar dari polip hidung. Polip itu harus dikeluarkan, oleh karena bila tidak, sebagai komplikasinya dapat terjadi sinusitis. Polip itu dapat tumbuh banyak, sehingga kadang-kadang tampak hidung penderita membesar, dan apabila penyebarannya tidak diobati setelah polip dikeluarkan, ia dapat tumbuh kembali. Oleh karena itu janganlah bosan berobat, oleh karena seringkali seseorang dioperasi untuk menegluarkan polipnya berulang-ulang.
    Yang dapat menjadi faktor predisposisi terjadinya polip antara lain :
    a)      Alergi terutama rinitis alergi.
    b)     Sinusitis kronik.
    c)      Iritasi.
    d)     Sumbatan hidung oleh kelainan anatomi seperti deviasi septum dan hipertrofi konka.
    C.    Patofisiologi
    Pada tingkat permulaan ditemukan edema mukosa yang kebanyakan terdapat di daerah meatus medius. Kemudian stroma akan terisi oleh cairan interseluler, sehingga mukosa yang sembab menjadi polipoid. Bila proses terus berlanjut, mukosa yang sembab makin membesar dan kemudian akan turun ke dalam rongga hidung sambil membentuk tangkai, sehingga terbentuk polip.
    Polip di kavum nasi terbentuk akibat proses radang yang lama. Penyebab tersering adalah sinusitis kronik dan rinitis alergi. Dalam jangka waktu yang lama, vasodilatasi lama dari pembuluh darah submukosa menyebabkan edema mukosa. Mukosa akan menjadi ireguler dan terdorong ke sinus dan pada akhirnya membentuk suatu struktur bernama polip. Biasanya terjadi di sinus maksila, kemudian sinus etmoid. Setelah polip terrus membesar di antrum, akan turun ke kavum nasi. Hal ini terjadi karena bersin dan pengeluaran sekret yang berulang yang sering dialami oleh orang yang mempunyai riwayat rinitis alergi karena pada rinitis alergi terutama rinitis alergi perennial yang banyak terdapat di Indonesia karena tidak adanya variasi musim sehingga alergen terdapat sepanjang tahun. Begitu sampai dalam kavum nasi, polip akan terus membesar dan bisa menyebabkan obstruksi di meatus media.
    D.    Manifestasi Klinis
    Gejala utama yang ditimbulkan oleh polip nasi adalah hidung tersumbat. Sumbatan ini tidak hilang timbul dan makin lama makin memberat. Pada sumbatan yang hebat dapat menyebabkan timbulnya gejala hiposmia bahkan anosmia. Bila polip ini menyumbat sinus paranasal, akan timbul sinusitis dengan keluhan nyeri kepala dan rhinore. Bila penyebabnya adalah alergi, maka gejala utama adalah bersin dan iritasi di hidung.
    Sumbatan hidung yang menetap dan semakin berat dan rinorea. Dapat terjadi sumbatan hiposmia atau anosmia. Bila menyumbat ostium, dapat terjadi sinusitis dengan ingus purulen. Karena disebabkan alergi, gejala utama adalah bersin dan iritasi di hidung.
    Pada pemeriksaan klinis tampak massa putih keabu-abuan atau kuning kemerah-merahan dalam kavum nasi. Polip bertangkai sehingga mudah digerakkan, konsistensinya lunak, tidak nyeri bila ditekan, mudah berdarah, dan tidak mengecil pada pemakaian vasokontriktor.
    Pada rhinoskopi anterior polip nasi sering harus dibedakan dari konka hidung yang menyerupai polip (konka polipoid). Perbedaannya:
    Polip
    Konka polipoid
    Bertangkai
    Tidak bertangkai
    Mudah digerakkan
    Sukar digerakkan
    Tidak nyeri tekan
    Nyeri bila ditekan dengan pinset
    Tidak mudah berdarah
    Mudah berdarah
    Pada pemakaian vasokonstriktor tidak mengecil
    Dapat mengecil dengan vasokonstriktor
    E.     Pemeriksaan Fisik
    Polip nasi yang massif dapat menyebabkan deformitas hidung luar sehingga hidung tampak mekar karena pelebar batang hidung. Pada pemeriksaan rinoskopi anterior terlihat sebagai massa yang berwarna pucat yang berasal dari meatus medius dan mudah digerakkan.
    Pembagian stadium polip menurut Mackay dan Lund (1997),
    Stadium 1 : polip masi terbatas di meatus medius
    Stadium 2 : polip sudah keluar dari meatus medius, tampak di rongga hidung tapi belum memenuhi rongga hidung
    Stadium 3 : polip yang massif
    F.     Pemeriksaan Diagnostik
    Foto polos sinus paranasal (posisi Waters,AP, Caldwell dan lateral) dapat memperlihatkan penebalan mukosa dan adanya batas udara-cairan di dalam sinus, tetapi kurang bermanfaat pada kasus polip. Pemeriksaan tomografi computer (TK, CT scan) sangat bermanfaat untuk melihat dengan jelas keadaan di hidung dan sinus paranasal apakah ada proses radang, kelainan anatomi, polip atau sumbatan pada kompleks ostiomeatal. TK terutama diindikasikan pada kasus polip yang gagal diobati dengan terapi medikamentosa, jika ada komplikasi dari sinusitis dan pada perencanaan tindakan bedah terutama bedah endoskopi.
    ·         Naso-endoskopi
    Adanya fasilitas endoskop (teleskop) akan sangat membantu diagnosis kasus polip yang baru. Polip stadium 2 kadang-kadang tidak terlihat pada pemeriksaan rinoskopi anterior tetapi tampak dengan pemeriksaan nasoendoskopi.Pada kasus polip koanal juga sering dapat dilihat tangkai polip yang berasal dari ostium asesorius sinus maksila
    ·         Pemeriksaan Radiologi
    Foto polos sinus paranasal (posisi Waters, AP, Caldwell dan lateral) dapat memperlihatkan penebalan mukosa dan adanya batas udara-cairan di dalam sinus, tetapi sebenarnya kurang bermafaat pada kasus polip nasi karena dapat memberikan kesan positif palsu atau negatif palsu, dan tidak dapat memberikan informasi mengenai keadaan dinding lateral hidung dan variasi anatomis di daerah kompleks ostio-meatal. Pemeriksaan tomografi komputer (TK, CT scan) sangat bermanfaat untuk melihat dengan jelas keadaan di hidung dan sinus paranasal apakah ada proses radang, kelainan anatomi, polip atau sumbatan pada kompleks ostiomeatal. TK terutama diindikasikan pada kasus polip yang gagal diobati dengan terapi medikamentosa, jika ada komplikasi dari sinusitis dan pada perencanaan tindakan bedah terutama bedah endoskopi. Biasanya untuk tujuan penapisan dipakai potongan koronal, sedangkan pada polip yang rekuren diperlukan juga potongan aksia
    G.    Penatalaksanaan
    Tujuan utama pengobatan pada kasus polip nasi adalah menghilangkan keluhan-keluhan, mencegah komplikasi dan mencegah rekurensi polip.
    Pemberian kortikosteroid untuk menghilangkan polip nasi disebut juga polipektomi medika mentosa. Dapat diberikan topical atau sistemik. Polip tipe eosinofilik memberikan respons yang lebih baik terhadap pengobatan kortikosteroid intranasal dibandingkan polip tipe neurotrofilik.
    Kasus polip yang tidak membaik dengan terapi medikamentosa atau polip yang sangat massif dipertimbangkan untuk terapi bedah. Dapat dilakukan ekstraksi polip (polipektomi) menggunakan senar polip atau cumin dengan analgesic local, etmoidektomi intranasal atau etmoidektomi ekstranasal untuk polip etmoid, operasi Caldwell-Luc  untuk sinus maksila. Yang terbaik ialah bila tersedia fasilitas endoskop maka dapat dilakukan tindakan BSEF (bedah Sinus Endoskopi Fungsional). 
    Bila polip masih kecil, dapat diobati secara konservatif dengan kortikosteroid sistemik atau oral, misalnya prednisone 50mg/hari atau deksamentosa selama 10 hari kemudian diturunkan perlahan. Secar local dapat disuntikkan ke dalam polip, misalnya triamsinolon asetonid atau predsinolon 0,5 ml tiap 5-7 hari sekali sampai hilang. Dapat dipakai secara topical sebagai semprot hidung, misalnya beklometason dipropionat. Bila sudah besar, dilakukan ekstraksi polip dengan senar. Bila berualang dapat dirujuk untuk operasi etmoidektomi intranasal atau ekstranasal
    Pengobatan juga perlu ditunjukkan pada penyebabnya, dengan menghindari allergen penyebab.
    Ada tiga macam penanganan polip nasi yaitu :
    a)      Cara konservatif
    b)      Cara operatif
    c)      Kombinasi keduanya.
    Cara konservatif atau menggunakan obat- obatan yaitu menggunakan glukokortikoid yang merupakan satu- satunya kortikosteroid yang efektif, terbagi atas kortikosteroid topical dan kortikosteroid sistemik. Kortikosteroid topical (long term topical treatment) diberikan dalam bentuk tetes atau semprot hidung tiak lebih dari 2 minggu. Kortikosteroid sistemik (short term systemic treatment) dapat diberikan secara oral maupun suntikan depot. Untuk preparat oral dapat diberikan prednisolon atau prednisone dengan dosis 60 mg untuk empat hari pertama, selanjutnya ditappering off 5 mg/hr sampai hari ke-15 dengan dosis total 570 mg. Suntikan depot yang dapat diberikan adalah methylprednisolon 80 mg atau betamethasone 14 mg setiap 3 bulan.
    Cara operatif dapat berupa polipektomi intranasal, polipektomi intranasal dengan ethmoidektomi, transantral ethomiodektomi dan sublabial approach (Caldweel-luc operation), frontho-ethmoido- sphenoidektomi eksternal dan endoskopik polipektomi dan bedah sinus


    ASUHAN KEPERAWATAN DI POLI THT
    DENGAN KASUS POLIP NASI

    A.    Pengkajian
    Pengkajian  adalah  pemikiran  dasar  dari  proses  keperawatan  yang  bertujuan untuk    mengumpulkan    data    atau    informasi    tentang    pasien    agar   dapat mengidentifikasi    mengenai    masalah    masalah,   kebutuhan   kesehatan   dan perawatan pasien baik fisik, mental, social dan lingkungan.
           I.      Pengumpulan Data
    1.      Identitas Pasien
    Meliputi nama, umur, jenis kelamin, pendidikan, agama, pekerjaan, tanggal MRS. diagnose medis dan no register.
    2.      Keluhan Utama.
    Sulit bernapas.
    3.      Riwayat Kesehatan Dahulu.
    Klien memiliki riwayat penyakit sinusitis, rhinitis alergi, serta riwayat penyakit THT. Klien pernah menderita penyakit akut dan perdarahan hidung atau trauma. Selain itu, klien pernah menderita sakit gigi geraham.
    4.      Riwayat Penyakit Sekarang.
    Klien merasakan buntu pada hidung dan nyeri kronis pada hidung.
    5.      Riwayat Penyakit Keluarga.
    Tidak ada keluarga yang menderita polip dan epistaksis.
    6.      Riwayat Psikososial.
    Intrapersonal :   klien merasa cemas akibat nyeri yang kronis.
    Interpersonal : gangguan citra diri yang berhubungan dengan suara sengau akibat massa dalam hidung.
        II.      Pemeriksaan Fisik Persistem.
    1)      B1 (breath)  : RR dapat meningkat atau menurun, terjadi perubahan pola napas akibat adanya massa yang membuntu jalan napas, adanya suara napas tambahan seperti ronchi akibat penumpukan secret, serta terlihat adanya otot bantu napas saat inspirasi.
    2)      B2 (blood)     :  tidak ada gangguan.
    3)      B3 (brain)   : adanya nyeri kronis akibat pembengkakan pada mukosa, gangguan penghidu atau penciuman.
    4)      B4 (bladder) : terjadi penurunan intake cairan.
    5)      B5 (bowel)   : nafsu makan menurun, berat badan turun, klien terlihat lemas.
    6)      B6 (bone)     : tidak ada gangguan.
    B.     DiagnosaKeperawatan dengan Polip Hidung.
    1. Bersihan jalan nafas tidak efektif b.d adanya masa dalam hidung
    Tujuan : Bersihan jalan nafas menjadi efektif dalam 10 – 15 menit setelah dilakukan tindakan.
    Kriteria Hasil :
    - RR normal (16 – 20 x/menit).
    - Suara napas vesikuler.
    - Pola napas teratur tanpa menggunakan otot bantu pernapasan.
    - Saturasi oksigen 100%
    Intervensi :
    1.      Observasi RR tiap 4 jam, bunyi napas, kedalaman inspirasi, dan gerakan dada.
    R/Mengetahui keefektifan pola napas.
    2.      Auskultasi bagian dada anterior dan posterior .
    R/ Mengetahui adanya penurunan atau tidak adanya ventilasi dan adanya bunyi tambahan.
    3.       Pantau status oksigen pasien.
    R/ Mencegah terjadinya sianosis dan keparahan.
    Tindakan Mandiri Perawat :
    1)      Berikan posisi fowler atau semi flower.
    R/ Mencegah obstruksi/aspirasi, dan meningkatkan ekspansi paru.
    2)      Lakukan Nebulizing.
    R/ Membantu pengenceran sekret.
    3)      Berikan oksigen (O2).
    R/ Mengkompensasi ketidakadekuatan O2 akibat inspirasi yang kurang maksimal.
    Tindakan Kolaborasi :
    Berikan obat sesuai dengan indikasi mukolitik, ekspetoran, bronkodilator.
    R/ Mukolitik untuk menurunkan batuk, ekspektoran untuk membantu memobilisasi sekret, bronkodilator menurunkan spasme bronkus dan analgetik diberikan untuk meningkatkan kenyamanan.
    Tindakan Edukasi :
    1.      Ajarkan batuk efektif pada pasien.
    R/Membantu pasien untuk mengeluarkan sekret yang menumpuk.
    2.      Ajarkan terapi napas dalam pada pasien.
    R/Membantu melapangkan ekspansi paru.
    1. Perubahan nutrisi kurang dari kebutuhan b.d menurunnya nafsu makan.
    Tujuan : Menunjukkan peningkatan nafsu makan setelah dilakukan tindakan dalam 3 x 24 jam.
    Kriteria Hasil :
    -       Klien tidak merasa lemas.
    -       Nafsu makan klien meningkat.
    -       Klien mengalami peningkatan BB minimal 1kg/2minggu.
    -       Kadar albumin > 3.2, Hb > 11.
    Intervensi :
    1.      Pastikan pola diet biasa pasien, yang disukai atau tidak disukai.
    R/Untuk mendukung peningkatan nafsu makan pasien.
    2.      Pantau masukan dan pengeluaran dan berat badan secara pariodik.
    R/Mengetahui keseimbangan intake dan pengeluaran asuapan makanan.
    3.      Kaji turgor kulit pasien.
    R/Sebagai data penunjang adanya perubahan nutrisi yang kurang dari kebutuhan.
    4.      Pantau nilai laboratorium, seperti Hb, albumin, dan kadar glukosa darah.
    R/Untuk dapat mengetahui tingkat kekurangan kandungan Hb, albumin, dan glukosa dalam darah.
    Tindakan Mandiri Perawat :
    1)        Pertahankan berat badan dengan memotivasi pasien untuk makan.
    R/Mempertahankan berat badan yang ada agar tidak semakin berkurang.
    2)        Menyediakan makanan yang dapat meningkatkan selera makan pasien.
    R/Meningkatkan nafsu makan pasien
    3)        Berikan makanan kesukaan pasien.
    R/Merangsang nafsu makan pasien.
    Tindakan Kolaborasi :
    1.      Kolaborasi dengan tim analis medis untuk mengukur kandungan albumin, Hb, dan kadar glukosa darah.
    R/Mengetahui adanya bising atau peristaltik usus yang mengindikasikan berfungsinya saluran cerna.
    2.      Kolaborasi dengan ahli gizi untuk memberikan diet seimbang TKTP pada pasien.
    R/Mengetahui kandungan biokimiawi darah pasien.
    3.      Diskusikan dengan dokter mengeni kebutuhan stimulasi nafsu makan atau makanan pelengkap.
    R/Memberikan asupan nutrisi yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan pasien dan memberi rangsangan pada pasien untuk menimbulkan kembali nafsu makannya.
    Tindakan Edukasi :
    1.      Berikan informasi yang tepat tentang kebutuhan nutrisi dan bagaimana memenuhinya.
    R/Agar pasien mengetahui kebutuhan nutrisinya dan cara memenuhinya yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan.
    2.      Ajarkan pada pasien dan keluarga tentang makanan yang bergizi dan tidak mahal.
    R/Agar pasien mendapatkan gizi yang seimbang dengan harga yang relatif terjangkau.
    3.      Dukung keluarga untuk membawakan makanan favorit pasien di rumah.
    R/ Merangsang nafsu makan pasien.
    1. Resiko infeksi b.d terhambatnya drainase sekret.
    Tujuan : Meningkatnya fungsi indera penciuman klien.
    Kriteria hasil:
    -  Klien tidak merasa lemas.
    -  Mukosa mulut klien tidak kering.
    Intervensi :
    1.      Pantau adanya gejala infeksi
    R/Menjaga timbulnya infeksi
    2.      Kaji faktor yang dapat meningkatkan serangan infeksi.
    R/ Menjaga perilakudan keadaan yang mendukung terjadinya infeksi.
    Tindakan Mandiri Perawat :
    1)        Awasi suhu sesuai indikasi.
    R/Reaksi demam indicator adanya infeksi lanjut.
    2)        Pantau suhu lingkungan.
    R/Suhu ruangan atau jumlah selimut harus diubah untuk mempertahankan suhu mendekati normal.
    1. Hambatan interaksi sosial b.d suara sengau yang timbul akibat sumbatan polip.
    Tujuan: peningkatan sosialisasi.
    Kriteria Hasil:
    - Menunjukkan keterlibatan sosial.
    -  Menunjukkan penampilan peran.
    Intervensi :
    1.      Kaji pola interaksi antara pasien dengan orang lain.
    R/ Mengetahui tingkat sosialisasi pasien dengan orang lain.
    Tindakan mandiri Perawat :
    3)        Tetapkan jadwal interaksi.
    R/Pasien dapat beristirahat dan bersosialisasi dengan maksimal.
    4)        Identifikasi peruba
              Cara Pola Hidup sehat        
    1. Kurangi makanan berlemak tinggi, seperti mentega, margarine, dan santan. Lebih baik dapatkan asupan lemak alami dari kacang-kacangan atau biji-bijian. Lupakan jeroan, otak, makanan berkuah santan kental, kulit ayam dan kuning telur. Pilihlah daging tanpa lemak, makanan berkuah bening, susu rendah lemak, susu kedelai, yogurt, putih telur, dan ikan sebagai sumber protein yang baik

    2. Sedapat mungkin hindari bahan pangan atau bahan pengawet yang dalam jangka panjang dapat menjadi pemicu kanker.

    3. Pilih makanan atau minuman yang berwarna putih alami (bukan di-bleach). Gunakan pewarna dari bahan makanan misalnya warnet coklatnya dari bubuk coklat, merahnya strowbery, kuningnya kunyit, dan hijaunya daun suji. Jangan menambahkan saus, kecap, garam dan bumbu-bumbu penyedap secara berlebihan. Perbanyak makan buah dan sayuran.

    4. Teknik pengolahan makanan juga mempengaruhi mutu makanan. Pilih makanan dengan metode memasak dikukus, direbus, atau ditumis dengan sedikit minyak.

    5. Perbanyak minum air putih, mineral 8 gelas sehari, hindari minuman beralkohol, bersoda dan minuman dengan kandungan gula dan kafein tinggi. Jus sayuran dan buah baik untuk menjaga dan memelihara kesehatan tubuh.  Sumber : www.cancerhelps.com

              Desain Kamar Mandi Bergaya Natural        
    Aktivitas membersihkan diri di dalam kamar mandi tak hanya sebagai tempat buang hajat atau mandi, bisa juga menjadi tempat berganti pakaian atau berdandan. Selain itu, untuk tempat membebaskan diri dari rutinitas yang menjenuhkan.
    Membayangkan gemercik air yang mengalir jatuh atau kebeningan air yang diam dan dingin seperti di alam pedesaan, bisa Anda wujudkan dalam kamar mandi saat ini. Tak perlu susah-susah membayangkannya. Berubahnya desain kamar mandi mengiringi perubahan gaya hidup dan kebutuhan, terutama pada orang-orang yang tinggal di dalam kota besar yang padat.
    ”Kamar mandi sekarang juga dirasakan sebagai kebutuhan untuk tempat bersantai yang nyaman. Pola kehidupan sekarang juga jauh berbeda akibat himpitan hidup kota besar sehingga ada kebutuhan untuk membuat tubuh santai,” papar Imelda Akmal, arsitek yang juga penulis mengenai arsitektur dan interior dari Imelda Akmal Architecture Writer.
    Digarap dengan memanfaatkan situasi alam tropis, penataan kamar mandi alam ini didukung suasana alami berupa batu-batuan tropis dan sentuhan Bali. ”Mulai dari situ, lalu berkembang kecenderungan di Bali untuk mengolah kamar mandi selalu sebagai ruang terbuka,” tutur peraih gelar Master of Business Management dari Swinburne University, itu mantap.
    Wanita yang memperdalam ilmunya di bidang interior di Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology ini menyebutkan, kecenderungan untuk menyukai kamar mandi desain alam saat ini adalah pengaruh gaya mandi ala Barat. Gaya kamar mandi desain alam ini disebarkan ke berbagai belahan dunia melalui hotel-hotel. ”Karena itu, jangan heran apabila ada orang yang ingin kamar mandinya seperti kamar mandi di hotel-hotel. Itu sah-sah saja karena setiap orang bebas bereksplorasi,” ujar alumnus Universitas Trisakti jurusan Arsitektur Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan itu.
    Bila kita mengamati ke sekeliling, semakin banyak orang Indonesia yang bepergian ke berbagai negara atau ke berbagai hotel bergaya internasional di dalam negeri. Hal ini menyebabkan selera mereka akan kamar mandi juga sedikit banyak dipengaruhi apa yang dilihat dan dirasakan di tempat-tempat itu.

    Sumber : okezone.com
              Refrehing Pondok Rasamala, Gunung Halimun Salak Endah Bogor 2017        
                   H-1 minggu sebelum lebaran, ketika ditanya Ayah mau liburan kemana tahun ini, kita masih belum ada plan. Klo si Kiki si pengennya liburan ke Sawarna, klo saya pribadi agak males ya karena sudah 2x pergi ke sana dan ada rencana liburan tahun baru besok mau ke Sawarna bersama keluarga besar (lagi). Setelah browsing-browsing mencari tempat glamping biar kekinian dan instagramable jatuhlah pilihan ke Pondok Rasamala yang terletak di Kawasan Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak Bogor.
                Wihhh …. Setelah baca berbagai blog dan lihat di situs resminya Pondok Rasamala di www.pondokrasamala.com langsung lah saya email malam itu juga untuk bertanya mengenai harga penginapan dan lain-lain. Bagusnya Pondok Rasamala besok paginya fast respon kirim price list berikut dengan fasilitas yang tersedia jadi bisa langsung saya tindaklanjuti.
                Hasil dari musyawarah keluarga (ceileh keluarga isinya cuma 4 orang doang juga), fix tahun ini kita liburan ke Kawasan Gunung Salak Endah Bogor. Selain karena menghindari kemacetan dari segi jarak juga okelah, tidak perlu berlama-lama di jalan. Villa yang kita pilih adalah Villa Puspa selain karena kita mau pergi cuma ber-4, villa ini juga cheaper dibandingkan dengan yang lain cocoklah buat keluarga sederhana seperti kami.
    Harga villa selama high season lebaran eve mulai dari Rp. 1.000.000,00 – Rp 5.600.000,00 semua tergantung dari jumlah orang yang mau menempati dan fasilitas yang diinginkan. Seperti villa puspa terdiri dari 2 kamar tidur, 2 kamar mandi, teras dan breakfast 4 pax. Villa yang paling mahal Cendana terdiri dari 7 kamar tidur, 3 kamar mandi, dapur dan ruang keluarga. Bahkan di jenis villa Harendong terdapat studionya loh. Jadi semua tinggal pilih tergantung kebutuhan. Sedangkan untuk glamping sendiri harga mulai dari Rp. 2.100.000,00 – Rp 3.000.000,00, semua juga tergantung dari jumlah orang yang akan menempati ada yang bisa muat 6 orang sampai belasan orang. Untuk info lebih lanjut ada baiknya langsung telepon ke head office’nya, mba-mbanya ngebantu banget kok. Ketika saya Tanya-tanya langsung ke head office sudah H-4 lebaran. Untungnya Pondok Puspa belum ada yang booking, untuk booking bisa DP dulu 25%, berhubung H-3 lebaran Office sudah cuti bersama jadi lebih baik langsung bayar lunas. Setelah kirim bukti transfer ke Mba Dian (salah satu officer Pondok Rasamala) langsung diproses untuk tanggal 25-26 Juni 2017 dikirim no contac yang bisa dihubungi ketika di Pondok Rasamala. Oh iya untuk kamu yang mungkin mau lebih simple di Pondok Rasamala juga tersedia paketan untuk makan siang, makan malam, sarapan, snack dan BBQ loh. Harga? Silahkan Tanya langsung ya.
    Hari H lebaran, setelah silahturahmi ke rumah nenek dari Ayah dan rumah nenek dari  Ibu, segera pulang ke rumah makan siang dan istirahat sebentar sambil liatin Ibu yang tadinya agak ogah-ogahan ikut sekarang malah semangat banget nyiapin barang-barang yang mau dibawa dari semalam. Setelah sholat Dzuhur, kira-kira jam 12 lewat kami langsung cusss, bermodal GPS dan memang secara keseluruhan ayah juga sudah tau si jalannya kami meninggalkan Depok.

    Karena masih lebaran hari pertama, kondisi jalan bisa dikatakan lancar, macet dilokasi-lokasi yang memang setiap harinya sudah terkenal macet. Jalan yang kami lalui adalah jalan raya Jakarta-Bogor. Baru belok kanan menuju IPB Darmaga, Jalan Soleh Iskandar. Nah karena sedang ada pembangunan underpass tol lingkar luar Bogor, ketika di daerah Yasmin macet semacet macetnya, apalagi saat itu matahari sedang panas terik-teriknya. Selanjutnya perjalanan pun dikatakan lancar, setelah melewati IPB Darmaga dan bertemu dengan pertigaan Ciampea belok kiri menuju jalan Cikampak. Setelah ini mulai masuk jalan yang cukup untuk 2 mobil saja, kondisinya jalanannya bagus dan lancar hanya saja akan kesulitan bagi pengendara mobil jika banyak mobil-mobil yang parkir dibibir jalan jadi harus bergantian jalan. Lanjut menyelusuri jalan Segog Paminjahan, dan lalu Jalan Gunung Bunder. Sampai saat sini baru mulai berasa jalanan didominasi oleh tanjakan yang kadang berkelok. Oh iya ketika sudah mulai masuk pertigaan Ciampea sepanjang jalan saya tidak melihat adanya pom bensin, tapi tenang saja pertamini selalu ada beberapa meter sepanjang jalan.
    Di pintu masuk Taman Nasional Gunung Halimun Salak, sudah ada petugas atau ranger yang berjaga. Kita harus bayar tiket perkepala Rp 12.500,00, untuk motor harganya Rp 5.000,00. Tapi sayangnya ketika bayar kita tidak diberikan tiket masuknya, pengen minta si agar memastikan uangnya masuk kas daerah. Pondok Rasamala letaknya masih di dalam atau tengah-tengah dari kawasan Gunung Salak Endah jadi sebelum sampai di penginapan kita bisa liat-liat dulu ada obyek wisata apa aja sambil menikmati hawa-hawa pegunungan yang sejuk dan dingin. Tenang saja disetiap objek wisata akan ada umbul-umbul keterangannya jadi kamu tidak perlu takut terlewat. Banyak sekali spot-spot fotoable disana buat yang mau hunting spot foto. Mulai dari jejeran hutan pinus yang tertata rapi dan banyak sekali curug atau air terjun yang lokasinya antara satu dengan yang lain saling berdekatan.


    Kondisi Jalan di Salak Endah pagi hari

    Adem
    Karena cuaca sudah mulai mendung, rencana ingin naik motor pelan-pelan sambil menikmati pemandangan dan udara segar pegunungan harus kandas karena hujan mulai turun agak deras jadi kita mempercepat perjalanan ke penginapan. Tips untuk yang ingin kesini adalah bawa payung atau jas hujan ya, karena ini kawasan hutan jadi cuacanya mudah berubah, sebentar hujan dan sebentar lagi cerah, selama saya disana seperti inilah cuaca yang saya alami. Untuk jalan disekitar kawasan Gunung Salak Endah ini ada banyak bagian yang menurut saya perlu diperbaiki untuk menunjang kemajuan pariwisata disini, apalagi banyak warga sekitar yang mengandalkan ekonominya dari kedatang wisatawan dengan membuka warung penjaja makanan.

    Pintu masuk Pondok Rasamala

    Yeeee …. Akhirnya Pukul 14.00 kita sampai, masuk dikawasan Pondok Rasamala langsung laporan ke bagian pos depan dan langsung diantar ke Villa Puspa. Villa Puspa terdiri dari 2 ruangan, masing-masing terdiri dari kamar tidur, kamar mandi di dalam dengan no water heater jadi tau lah dinginnya air langsung dari pegunungan yang bikin mager mandi, untungnya kita punya teras, dimana segala aktivitas utama keluarga saya dilaksanakan disini seperti makan dan ngobrol santai. Tersedia juga dispenser dan peralatan makan 4 piring dan 4 gelas.
    Petunjuk arah Glamping


    Villa Puspa, tempat kami menginap

    Me and My Bro

    mumpung akur

    Tidak lama setelah menaruh barang di kamar, saya dan Kiki langsung memutuskan untuk berkeliling melihat fasilitas yang tersedia walaupun saat itu masih gerimis mengundang. Untuk kali ini tidak banyak foto yang bisa ditampilkan karena HP saya memory cardnya tidak kebaca, jadi cuma mengandalkan kamera Kiki aja deh.
    Kesimpulan dari pengamatan saya adalah, kawasan Pondok Rasamala memiliki keunikan yaitu seluruh bangunannya menyatu dengan alam. Hampir disetiap depan villa atau glamping terdapat taman dengan suara aliran sungai mengalir. Syahdu rasanya. Untuk hari pertama ini belum terlalu ramai baik di villa maupun glamping hanya terisi beberapa saja. Oke mumpung sepi kita gaya di depan glamping-glamping yang bentuknya lucu ini ya. Fasilitas lainnya disini adalah banyak taman bermain untuk anak-anak, parkir yang cukup luas, lapangan bola, semacam aula untuk berkumpul atau makan bersama dan ada kolam renang. Catatan ketika saya kesini kolam renangnya agak kotor terlihat dari dasar kolamnya dan kolamnya pun ternyata agak kecil ya. Tapi fasilitas shower untuk bilas semua masih berfungsi dengan baik. Oh ya katanya disini juga tersedia paket untuk acara gathering juga loh.


    Fasilitas kolam renang

    Kondisi jalan di Pondok Rasamala

    taman

    Villa Kisampang

    Glamping


    Ternyata muter-muterin Pondok Rasamala doang juga sudah bikin keringetan ya. Setiap Villa yang tersedia disini bentuknya pun berbeda, ditambah ada jarak antara villa satu dengan yang lainnya jadi jika liburan disini dijamin privasi tetap terjaga. Setelah puas jalan-jalan dan ternyata masih sore sekitar jam setengah 4, kami berempat memutuskan jalan-jalan ke obyek wisata terdekat dengan jalan kaki, yaitu Curug Pangeran.
    Setelah 5 menit jalan kaki dari Pondok Rasamala, mulai terlihat petunjuk arah menuju Curug Pangeran 2 Km masuk ke dalam lagi dengan kondisi jalan berbatu tapi rapi dan menanjak. Sebenarnya ke dalamnya bisa kok dengan berkendara karena diatas juga tersedia parkiran. Karena kita mau jalan kaki santai sambil menikmati suasana tapi berakhir agak pegel juga ya. Untuk masuk ke Curug Pangeran kita pun dikenakan tiket lagi Rp 10.000,00/orang tapi kali ini diberikan kok tiketnya. Dari pintu masuk tiket ternyata curugnya masih masuk ke dalam lagi. Kondisi jalan bagus berbatu hanya saja dengan struktur naik turun dan habis diguyur hujan jadi harus hati-hati ya jalannya.
    Curugnya tidak terlalu besar seperti yang saya kira, tapi tidak mengurungkan saya untuk turun main. Kondisinya pun sedang tidak ramai hanya ada beberapa orang saja yang main dan tidak lama kami main mereka pergi, jadi ini Curug Pangeran terasa milik sendiri. Air Curug Pangeran bersih dan bening sekali, kolam dibawah Curug berwarna biru tosca. Si Kiki tanpa ba bi bu langsung buka baju, hanya memakai kolor saja turun. Ih sayangnya saya tidak bawa baju ganti, ingin sekali rasanya ikut nyebar. Tidak lama Ayah ikutan nyebur juga, malah sok-sokan berenang sampai ke tengah kolam. Menurut Ayah makin ketengah makin dalam dan tarikan dari arus air terjun pun cukup kencang, jadi hati-hati ya main disini. Sebenarnya ada tali ditengah-tengah kolam, mungkin itu maksudnya sebagai pembatas juga, karena tidak ada ranger yang berjaga disini jadi harus lebih bisa mengukur kemampuan diri ya. Oh ya disekitar sini cuma ada tulisan peringatan untuk tidak bermain di sekitar air terjun jika terjadi hujan dikhawatirkan akan ada air bah.
    Parkiran Curug Pangeran

    Kondisi jalan di Curug

    Jin Tomang


    Sok Gaya


    Air terjun yang jernih


    Kalo si Ayah ga tahan lama berenang disebabkan air pegunungan yang dingin, sebentar saja sudah menggigil, ya faktor usia juga si ya. Klo si Kiki yang cadangan lemaknya banyak dia si biasa aja, malah sempet banyak gaya minta difoto-foto. Note: disini tidak ada tempat ganti pakaian, jadi klo mau basah-basahan bisa ganti di penginapan atau di mobil, atau jika kamu berani, ganti bajunya di sela batu-batu besar di sepanjang sungai. Tidak lama bermain disini kami sudah puas, sepanjang pulang bertemu dengan beberapa rombongan yang baru datang. Untunglah tidak barengan mereka jadi tadi walaupun main sebentar cukup puas lah.
    Karena cuaca yang dingin, jadi bikin cepat laper juga. Sebelum pulang beli pop mie dan kopi untuk menghangatkan tubuh di penginapan.Tidak lama sampai di penginapan hujan pun turun kembali. Kami menghabiskan waktu dengan ngobrol dan ngemil. Walaupun baru pukul lima sore tapi keadaan sudah gelap sekali seperti malam. Suara katak dan serangga malam lainnya mulai bermunculan dan bersahutan. Karena keadaan yang sepi, aliran air di parit pun sepanjang malam sangat terdengar jelas. Beberapa rombongan mulai berdatangan, Villa Bambu dan Villa Dayak sudah terisi pengunjung. Setelah sholat magrib kami makan malam, karena bingung mau ngapain lagi jadi kita tidur-tiduran aja di kamar masing-masing. Saya tidur dengan ibu, dan ayah tidur dengan kiki.
    Menu Sarapan

    Subuh kami sudah bangun, niat kami hari ini adalah menyelusuri beberapa tempat wisata lainnya dengan berjalan kaki (lagi) biar ala-ala trecking. Tapi kami jalannya nunggu sarapan datang sedangkan sarapan baru datang sekitar jam 7. Sambil menunggu jam 7 ajak Ibu dan Ayah jalan-jalan menyelusuri Pondok Rasamala dengan track yang sama persis kami lalui kemarin sore. Jam 7 sarapan datang, menu sarapannya adalah nasi goreng, ayam goreng, kerupuk, timun, sambel goreng dan teh hangat. Tidak lama selesai sarapan langsung berjelajah mumpung masih pagi masih sepi.

    Curug Ngumpet 1





    Tempat pertama yang kami datangi adalah Curug Ngumpet 1. Untuk masuk Curug ngumpet ini kita dikenakan karcis lagi Rp. 3.500,00/orang. Letak Curug tidak terlalu jauh dari jalan raya tidak seperti Curug Pangeran. Tapi klo masalah keindahan masih bagusan Curug Pangeran. Curug Ngumpet 1 ukurannya pun relative kecil, tidak bisa dipakai berenang, palingan untuk basah-basahin kaki aja sama foto-foto. Ke unikan nya adalah banyak tanah lapang nan rindang yang bisa dipakai piknik ground bersama keluarga. Tidak lama kami disini hanya sekitar 15 menit saja.
    Awas jatuh




    Perjalanan di lanjutkan dengan si Kiki yang kekeh sumekeh mau ke Kawah Ratu. Padahal saya sudah peringatkan mungkin Kawah Ratu disini maksudnya adalah Kawah Ratu Gunung Salak yang pernah saya kunjungi ketika Nalfisosrata zaman awal kuliah di Geografi, karena dulu untuk bolak balik sana butuh waktu hampir seharian. Setelah sebelumnya pun bertanya dengan ranger, menurut ranger untuk menuju Kawah ratu sekali jalan dibutuhkan waktu sekitar 2 – 2,5 jam jalan kaki tergantung kecepatan jalannya, jadi bolak balik 5 jam dong ya. Si Kiki tetep aja teguh dengan pendiriannya, oke ikutin aja dulu deh kemauannya, biar ga penasaran. Setelah jalan kaki hampir setangah jam lagi dengan track yang terus menanjak. Akhirnya kita bertemu dengan tulisan, selamat datang di pendakian Kawah Ratu dan camping ground. Ya udah jalan setengah jam aja baru tulisan selamat datang. Setelah dibujuk Ayah Ibu untuk tidak kesana dan tidak akan keburu waktunya, karena jam 12 kita sudah harus check out, akhirnya si Kiki yang keras kepala ini luluh juga.
    Karena masih pagi kita lanjut jalan lagi, menuju ke arah sebaliknya melewati kembali Pondok Rasamala. Sejauh kita jalan, objek wisata lainnya masih seputaran curug ada Curug Kondang dan Curug Gua lumut. Ingin rasanya memasuki semua curug tapi setelah tahu untuk setiap masuk Curug itu harus bayar tiket masuk lagi, kami mengurungi niat apalagi setelah melihat 2 curug sebelumnya.
    Pintu menuju Curug Ciampea

    Jalan menuju pemandian air panas

    Jalan menuju batu melayang

    Semakin pagi, semakin banyak mobil keluar, tapi arah mereka jalan kok kayanya bukan ke Curug sekitar sini ya. Setelah tanya-tanya juru parkir di Curug Kondang, katanya masih ada objek wisata terkenal lainnya seperti Curug Cigamea, Situs Batu Gantung, Curug Bukit Panorama dan Pemandian air Panas. Jaraknya sekitar 15 – 20 menit dengan berkendara. Oke mata kami langsung berbinar-binar mendengar kata pemandian air panas, apalagi emang tidak ada satupun diantara kita yang belum mandi. Akhirnya Ayah dan Kiki balik ke Villa ambil baju salinan dan motor, saya dan Ibu tunggu di depan Curug Kondang aja ya.
    Tujuan kami adalah pemandian air panas, jalannya lumayan jauh, dengan kondisi jalan yang bagus, naik turun dan berbelok-belok, ternyata setelah Pondok Rosamala banyak villa-villa lainnya bahkan saya lihat ada 2 resort yang nampaknya high class jika dilihat dari pintu gerbangnya. Dari pinggir jalan raya masih harus masuk lagi ke semacam jalan desa sekitar 5 menit lebih, letaknya agak ke dalam. Belum sampai persis di pintu masuk pemandian air panas, kami sudah dijegat untuk parkir motor. Biaya parkir 2 motor Rp 15.000,00.
    Ticket/pintu masuk pemandian air panas

    Masuk ke pemandian air panas dikenakan lagi tiket Rp 10.000,00 per orang. Untuk menuju pemandian air panas harus ditempuh jalan kaki sekitar 10-15 menit menyelusuri anak tangga naik turun, lumayan juga si nih ya udah 1.000 langkah kayanya hari ini deh. Setelah mentok jalan kita agak bingung, mana pemandian air panasnya. Yang ada kios-kios penjual makanan atau penyewaan gubung untuk keluarga yang mau piknik. Ternyata untuk menikmati pemandian air panas harus bayar tiket lagi Rp 5.000/orang. OMG komersil sekali tempat wisata disini. Klo mau yang gratis bisa main di sungai besar berbatu, celupin kaki atau mandi dikucuran air.
    Lagi-lagi si Kiki yang keras kepala ini penasaran mau tau kaya apa di dalam. Oke kamu masuk sendiri dan foto-foto bagian dalamnya kaya apa nanti baru kita putuskan mau masuk apa engga. Menurut Kiki di dalam juga ada pemandian air panas pribadi tetapi bayar lagi Rp 35.000,00. Tapi setelah ditunjukin fotonya kaya apa ternyata itu hanya sebuah kamar kecil dengan kolam mandi yang kecil pula. Karena mungkin merasa sudah sayang datang dan jalan jauh-jauh kesini, Kiki masih maksa untuk masuk, yaudah deh kata Ayah masuk aja biar si Kiki ini diam.
    Kolam untuk anak kecil

    Kolam pribadi

    Kolam untuk orang dewasa

    Kondisi kolam pribadi

    Pemandian air panas hanya terdiri dari 2 kolam, satu kolam untuk anak kecil dan kolam diatas yang memiliki kedalam 1,5 m untuk dewasa. Ada juga penyewaan ban Rp.5.000,00. Keadaannya memang tidak terlalu ramai, tapi setelah melihat airnya yang berwarna agak kecokelatan dan kolamnya yang kecil kok ya ga tertarik untuk nyebur ya. Oke daripada sayang-sayang udah bayar ga ngapa-ngapain masa cuma duduk dan ngeliatin orang lain renang. Saya dan Kiki celupin kaki aja deh dipinggir kolam, rasa kolamnya si hangat-hangat kuku. Kami pun tidak lama disini hanya 10 menit mungkin langsung kembali pulang.
    Mom & Dad

    Sungai depan Pemandian air panas

    Jalan menuju Air Panas

    Untuk sepanjang jalan pemandian air panas ada pemandangan hutan dan sungai yang indah jadi mengobati rasa kecewa kami lah. Sepanjang perjalanan langit mulai gelap kembali. Kami mempercepat kepulangan kami karena takut hujan di jalan sedangkan jas hujan hanya ada 3. Jam 11 kami sudah meninggalkan Pondok Rasamala klo saya pribadi si sebenernya masih belum ingin pulang, tapi janji sama Kiki nanti pas pulang kita jalannya pelan-pelan yak klo ada tempat yang keren untuk foto harus berhenti pokoknya.
    Rute jalan kami masih sama setelah melewati pertigaan Ciampea, tapi kami belok ke Jalan Parung untuk menghindari macet di Darmaga. Tapi yang ada kami malah kejebak macet di sepanjang jalan, kami pun tetap melanjutkan jalan walaupun dari Bogor sampai Cilodong terus keguyur hujan deras.
    Kesimpulannya, wisata alam yang bagus untuk refreshing dengan banyak pilihan objek wisata di satu tempat. Minusnya untuk masuk ke setiap objek wisata dikenakan tiket, mungkin tidak masalah jika harus bayar tiket tapi fasilitas yang ditawarkan pun menarik. So mungkin kedepannya akan jadi lebih menarik jadi jangan pesimis untuk mengunjungi tempat wisata disini.



              Wisata Dieng ala Backpakeran        
              Saya adalah seseorang lulusan dari jurusan pendidikan geografi di sebuah uninersitas negeri di kota Jakarta. Oleh karena saya sudah terbiasa berpetualang menjelajahi tempat-tempat wisata semasa kuliah karena memang prakteknya seperti itu. Lama-lama travelling menjadi hobi. Setelah memasuki dunia kerja mulailah semakin susah untuk melakukan travelling karena masalah waktu. Untunglah saya bekerja sebagai tenaga pendidik di sebuah sekolah swasta nasional dibilangan kota Depok. Yups . . . . moment liburan akhir semester adalah satu-satunya kesempatan saya untuk melakukan travelling.
              Rencananya travelling kali ini saya ditemani dengan teman saya Endah bertemakan ala backpaker. Kami hanya berdua saja karena susahnya menyamakan jadwal liburan dengan teman-teman yang lain yang sudah bekerja. Destinasi yang kami pilih adalah Dataran Tinggi Dieng Wonosobo, Semua rencana sudah kami persiapkan dari sebulan sebelum keberangkatan. Mulai dari beli tiket bus sampai take penginapan. Untuk perjalanan kali ini kami hanya mengandalkan info-info yang didapat dari internet. Sedangkan diantara kita berdua belum ada yang pernah ke Dieng dan yang pasti kami hanya modal nekat dan bismillah aja.
         Sehari setelah pengambilan raport, hari minggu tanggal 22 Desember 2013 adalah rencana keberangkatan, kami naik bus dieng indah dari Pal (Depok) - Wonosobo, harga tiket Rp 105.000. disuruh ngumpulnya si jam 16.00 tapi sekitar jam 17.00 bus nya baru datang, Busnya masih sepi jadi kita diajak keliling-liling dulu buat jemput penumpang lainnya di daerah sepanjang jalan raya Jakarta-Bogor dan Kalimalang. Keberangkatan aslinya sekitar jam 18.30 dari Kalimalang. Untunglah kami dapat kursinya persis dibelakang sopir jadi bisa liat-liat jalan klo bosen tapi ruginya si bapak sopir ga berenti merokok sepanjang perjalanan padahalkan ini bus AC, jadi kadang asapnya ke arah kami. Selama perjalanan bus sempat istirahat setengah jam untuk makan malam setelah itu lanjut terus ga pake berenti-berenti. Perjalanan lancar jaya tanpa menemukan kemacetan walaupun diluar terlihat hujan. Sepanjang perjalanan diiringi lagu dangdut koplo berbahasa Jawa yang membuat saya agak sulit untuk memejamkan mata hehehehehe.
               Entah setelah sampai didaerah mana (karena kondisi masih setengah sadar dibangunin mendadak), setelah hampir sebagian penumpang bus banyak yang sudah turun, sisanya kami disuruh gabung dengan bus Dieng Indah lain untuk sampai terminal Wonosobo. Agak merasa kecewa si karena kami jadi ribet harus pindah-pindah bus apalagi busnya sudah cukup penuh, jadi saya dan Endah sempat berdiri dulu sambil ngantuk-ngantuk lebih dari 30 menit berharap ada penumpang yang turun ditengah perjalanan baru deh dapet tempat duduk lagi.
              Sekitar jam 04.00 dini hari tiba-tiba konduktur teriak-teriak yang mau ke Dieng turun di Plaza Wonosobo, sempet bingung si mau ikutan turun juga apa ikut aja sampai terminal Wonosobo, karena info yang kita dapat dari internet kebanyakan menyarankan naik elf berikutnya dari terminal Wonosobo tapi saya juga sempat baca ada yang bilang bisa dari plaza. Setelah melihat banyak anak-anak cowo yang kayanya mau ke Dieng juga pada turun saya dan Endah ikut-ikutan aja turun tapi sebelumnya sempet nanya kondektur yang agak galak itu dulu.
              Turun dari bus udah ada orang yang mengarahkan kita untuk naek elf mereka ke Dieng, sudah banyak elf-elf yang berjajar walaupun masih jam 4 pagi. Elfnya langsung penuh, saya satu rombongan dengan  teman-teman yang tadi satu bus juga dari Bogor dan Jakarta untuk naek Gunung Prau. Untunglah saya sedikit merasa aman, karena dalam 1 elf ini cewenya hanya saya dan Endah. Inilah serunya klo backpakeran banyak ketemu orang baru juga yang ternyata satu tujuan. Ongkos untuk Elf Plaza - Wonosobo Rp 15.000.
             Awalnya saya tidak begitu peduli dengan pemandangan karena saya akui saya masih sangat ngantuk jadi matanya merem melek deh selama di elf, apalagi hari masih gelap. Ketika tiba-tiba jalanan mulai terasa menanjak dan matahari mulai menyumbul keluar, Endah berusaha untuk membuat saya tertarik melihat keluar. Dan ternyata pemandangan kawasan Dieng keren banget. Apalagi kawasannya masih ketutupan kabut semua jadi berasa lagi kaya lagi di negeri atas awan. Suhu pun lebih terasa dingin dari sebelumnya, kegiatan berikutnya adalah menikmati perjalanan sambil ga berenti melihat keluar jendela, menantap kekaguman alam ciptaan Allah, dan pikiran pun mulai terasa lebih fresh. Salut juga buat sopir elfnya dijalanan yang masih berkabut dan jarak pandang sangat terbatas ditambah lagi dengan sisi kanan dan kiri jalan yang klo ga tebing ya jurang tapi si sopir masih bisa melaju mobilnya dengan cepat.
             Setelah 1 jam naik ELf kami pun sampai. Jam belum menuju ke angka 6 pagi tapi kami sudah sampai di pertigaan Dieng, jalanan masih sepi masih jarang sekali terlihat masyarakat beraktifitas. Kebetulan penginapan kami letaknya persis dipertigaan dan warnanya yang cukup mentereng warna merah, jadi tidak sulit buat kami menemukannya. Sebulan sebelumnya kami sudah reservasi penginapan untuk 2 hari 2 malam di Villa Djono melalui nomer tlp 085227389949 kamar VIP dengan harga Rp.200.000/ malam. Langsung aja deh masuk ke penginapan tapi pas di cek ternyata nama saya belum ada di daftar resevasi. Whattt???? padahal kita pun udah DP sebelumnya. Untunglah mas-masnya baik hati, jadi sambil nunggu kamar VIP yang masih ada orangnya kita boleh naro barang dan istirahat dulu dikamar lain yang kosong. Sepertinya diatas adalah bukan nomer penginapan resmi Bu Djono, karena saya pun tau nomer diatas lagi-lagi dari internet. Mungkin saja jika reservasi langsung harganya tidak Rp 200.000/malam. Fasilitas yang didapat dari kamar VIP adalah kamar mandi dalam dengan air hangat, TV kabel, lemari dan tempat tidur ukuran king bed. Karena saya pribadi tidak akan kuat klo ambil kamar biasa yang tidak ada fasilitas air hangatnya, Brrr . . . . disana airnya dingin banget bro, yang ada ga akan mandi-mandi klo ga ada air hangatnya. Pelayanannya di Villa Bu Djono sangat baik dan ramah. Disediakan juga guide tapi untuk kalian yang ingin mengexplore sendiri wilayah Dieng nanti akan dikasih petanya sama mas2nya.
    Ini nomor tlp Bu Djono yang asli, silahkan jika ingin reservasi

              Mumpung masih pagi, setelah menaruh barang bawaan dan cuci muka, kami langsung ke Kompleks Candi Arjuna. Candi Dieng dan penginapan hanya berjarak sekitar 5 menit jalan kaki. Karena masih pagi pos tiketnya pun belum ada penjaganya. Jadi kami masuk free alias gretongan. Pemandangan pagi hari di kompleks Candi Arjuna Indah sekali, masih banyak embun didaun-daunnya dan yang penting masih sepi. Alhamdullilah juga kondisi cuacanya cerah, jadi kami sempat menikmati silver sunrise yang terkenal itu. Langit terlihat warna silver mengkilat akibat pembiasan awan dengan sinar matahari.

    Silver sunrise

    Kompleks Candi Arjuna

    Ini partner backpakeran saya Endah

    Gaya dulu lah dengan backround candi

             Puas menikmati kompleks candi Arjuna, saatnya mencari makanan untuk sarapan. Apalagi dari semalam saya belum kena nasi, jadi sarapan kali ini mau yang lebih berat. Disekitar kompleks candi ini banyak sekali warung-warung berjejer menjual makanan dan cendramata khas Dieng. Kami memesan nasi goreng dengan harga Rp 15.000/porsi, teh manis anget Rp 5.000, dan minuman khas Dieng yaitu purwecang Rp. 5.000, ternyata minuman ini rasanya aneh banget agak-agak pait kaya jamu baunya juga rempah-rempah banget. Sambil makan nasi goreng saya nyomot 2 gorengan yaitu tahu dan tempe kepul yang ternyata harga gorengannya Rp. 5.000/ satuan hahahaha, agak keselek si pas mau bayar gorengannya.
                Setelah perut terisi penuh saatnya kembali ke penginapan, ganti baju sambil menunggu dijemput Pak Sugiono, guide kami. Saya pun sudah berjanjian dengan Pak Sugiono untuk mengantarkan saya dan Endah ke tempat-tempat wisata di Dieng sebulan sebelumnya. Walaupun sebenarnya tempat wisata ini bisa dijelajahi sendiri tapi lebih seru memakai jasa guide lokal, jadi banyak penjelasannya di setiap objek wisata. Saya kenal Pak Sugiono dari Aries teman saya yang sebulan sebelumnya sudah ke Dieng lebih dahulu. Untuk guide objek wisata Dieng 1, Dieng 2 dan puncak sikunir kami hanya dikenakan Rp.100.000/orang plus kami diantar menggunakan motor pribadi Pak Sugiono, jadi irit tidak perlu menyewa motor lagi atau nambah biaya ojek. Harga ini sangat murah jika dibandingkan dengan harga guide lain. Objek wisata Dieng 1 dan Dieng 2 biasanya dikenakan Rp. 150.000, Melihat sunrise saja Rp. 100.000 belum termasuk biaya penyewaan motor. Namanya juga backpakeran jadi kami mencari yang irit.com lah Hahahaha. Ini nomer Pak Sugiono jika ada yang berminat menggunakan jasanya 081226928216. Beliau adalah orang asli Dieng dan sudah menjadi guide senior untuk kawasan Dieng, orangnya sangat ramah dan "hobi bgt foto2in" kita tapi pake handphone pribadi saya tentunya jadi sangat cocok untuk kamu yang hobinya narsis. Jadi sangat tahu sejarah dan spot-spot menikmati dieng dengan lebih indah.

    Destination 1 : kompleks Telaga warna


               Tujuan pertama adalah telaga warna dan telaga pengilon yang berarti cermin. Untuk masuk objek ini anda dikenakan tiket sebesar 6.000/orang. Dari penginapan kami naik motor Pak Sugiono kira-kira 10 menit. Disini bisa menikmati indahnya telaga warna, mengapa di sebut telaga warna? karena warnanya bisa berubah-ubah sesuai dengan kondisi kadar belerang saat itu. Tetapi disini bau belerangnya tidak menyengat walaupun kadang-kadang tercium. Telaga warna termasuk kategori danau vulkanik, berarti danau ini terbentuk karena proses aktivitas magma, telaga warna merupakan bekas letusan gunung purba Dieng yang terjadi beberapa ratus tahun silam yang sekarang sudah tidak aktif lagi. Telaga yang katanya bisa berubah-ubah menjadi warna ungu, pink atau biru ini sangatlah indah. Pada saat saya kemari kebetulan warna telaga biru kehijau-jauan atau biasa disebut hijau tosca.

    Pemandangan Telaga Warna dan Telaga Pengilon dari kejauhan



    Ketemu turis, SKSD aja sekalian minta foto hahaha
              Enaknya memakai guide kita bisa tahu spot-spot lain yang lebih menarik untuk menikmati setiap objek wisata, salah satunya ini kami diajak naik bukit oleh Pak Sugiono. Udah lama ga trecking naik bukit cuma segitu aja saya sudah semaput napas udah satu dua satu dua plus keringatan bercucuran. Tapi setelah sampai diatas bukit, Subhanallah banget pemandangannya, kita bisa melihat telaga warna dan telaga pengilon secara utuh. Telaga Pengilon letaknya disebelah telaga warna, telaga ini seharusnya berwarna bening sehingga disebut pengilon (cermin -red) yang bermakna sebagai refleksi diri kita, bercermin mengenai sisi baik dan sisi buruk hidup kita. Kebetulan ketika kami kesini sedang musim hujan jadi berubah menjadi butek atau warna cokelat. Sebenarnya kita bisa tracking menyelusuri kompleks wisata ini bareng sama bule-bule juga tapi mengingat tanjakan yang tadi aja udah semaput jadi mendingan pake track orang normal aja deh hehehe.

    Suka banget sama pohon-pohon disini kaya lagi di Korea
               Kembali lagi kebawah, Saatnya melihat telaga warna dan telaga pengilon dari jarak dekat, selain itu disini banyak terdapat gua-gua yang menurut pak Sugiono masih sering digunakan orang-orang untuk mencari pesugihan. Sambil jalan saya mendengarkan cerita-cerita mistis mengenai tempat-tempat disini dan semua merupakan kisah nyata. Gua yang kami telusuri adalah gua pengantin, disini ada kepercayaan jika kita memegang stalagtit sambil menyebutkan orang yang kita suka bisa memperenteng jodoh atau dipermudahkan jodonya. Hayooo . . .  yang mau cepet ketemu jodohnya pegang yang lama ya stalagtitnya hehehehe. Kemudian kami ke gua Semar, ini gua khusus buat orang yang sedang mencari kekuasaan atau jabatan, silahkan deh bertapa disini. Tapi sebagai umat muslim saya si cuma cukup tau aja. Oh ya masih ada beberapa gua lagi yang memiliki khasiat khas yang beda-beda. Ada yang bisa bikin berlimpah harta juga, menurut Pak Sugiono di tanggal-tanggal tertentu banyak orang yang berjiarah juga ke gua-gua tersebut.


    Destination 2 : Dieng Plateau Theater





    Gedung di belakang kami adalah Plateau Dieng Theater
                 Selesai dari kompleks telaga warna Pak Sugiono menyuruh kita untuk mengikuti jalan setapak yang lagi-lagi harus nanjak cukup terjal, sedangkan Pak Sugiono lewat jalan lain yang lebih landai. Kata Pak Sugiono ikutin aja jalannya nanrti kita ketemu diatas. Whatttt.......????? tanpa penjelasan yang jelas Pak Sugiono langsung menghilang dengan cepat. Setelah penuh perjuangan kami berhasil sampai atas dari ujung jalan setapak dan tiba-tiba saja Pak Sugiono sudah ada di warung makan gorengan sambil ngopi-ngopi. Tetapi saya baru tersadar ternyata saya sudah berada tepat di belakang Plateau Dieng Theater, sebelum kesini saya dan Endah istirahat dulu meregangkan kaki sambil beli minuman. Di Plateau Dieng Theater ini adalah sebuah bioskop mini nanti akan disuguhkan film dokumenter mengenai sejarah keberadaan Dieng, waktu penayangannya sekitar 20 menitan dan harga tiketnya hanya Rp.4.000. Tapi saya dan Endah memutuskan tidak mau nonton jadi kita foto-foto aja hehehehe. Di sekitar sini juga banyak penjaja makanan dan minuman hangat khas Dieng.

    Destination 3 : Kawah Sikidang






    Yang menjadi istimewa, kawahnya  benar-benar bisa dilihat dari dekat
               Setelah dari Dieng Plateu Theater kami langsung meluncur ke Kawah Sikidang. Jaraknya cukup jauh dari pintu pembelian tiket ke objek wisata, jadi memang diperlukan kendaraan untuk menuju ke sini. Sepanjang jalan menuju kawah kalian akan melihat pipa-pipa silver besar yang mengalirkan panas bumi. Tiket masuk ke Sikidang Rp. 10.000/orang, tapi karena ada Pak Sugiono jadi kita bayarnya Rp. 10.000 ber dua hehehhe.
           Di Dieng sebenarnya ada 3 kawah yang terkenal di jadikan sebagai objek wisata ada kawah sileri, kawah candradimuka dan kawah Sikidang. Diantara 3 kawah tersebut yang paling terkenal adalah kawah Sikidang karena kemudahan aksesnya. Tapi disaat kami melakukan kunjungan kawah yang kadar belerangnya sedang aman saat itu hanyalah kawah Sikidang. Sesampai di parkiran langsung tercium bau khas kawah, bau belerang. Sikidang dalam bahasa Jawa berarti kijang. Dinamakan tersebut karena katanya kawah keluar lubang gasnya sewaktu-waktu bisa berpindah-pindah pada kawasan tersebut seperti kijang yang melompat.

    Hati-hati dalam melangkah, banyak sumber air panas



               Yang membuat kawah di Dieng istimewa dibandingkan tempat lain adalah kita dapat melihat langsung dibibir kawah bagaimana aktivitas vulkanik terjadi dari dekat. Bahkan kita bisa masak telur langsung di kawah. Berbeda dengan ditempat lain, untuk menyaksikan aktivitas vulkanik di kawah tidak dapat dilihat langsung. Keindahan lainnya adalah pemandangan alam disekitar kawah sikidang perbukitan yang menghijau seakan sangat kontras dengan tanah kapur berwarna putih di sekitar kawah Sikidang.


    Destination 4 : Gardu Pandang Tieng 


    tengah hari aja dingin, apalagi jam 5 pagi

    Di Dieng banyak kentang bergeletakan, boleh diambil loh klo mau

    Jika cuaca cerah, dari sini juga bisa terlihat sunrise



                Sebelumnya kami sudah janjian dengan Pak Sugiono jam 04.00 pagi untuk melihat golden sunrise di puncak sikunir, ternyata hujan terus terjadi sampai pagi. Entahlah saat itu suhu di Dieng berapa derajat yang pasti dingin sekali sampai saya menggigil sepanjang naik motor. Samapi di Gardu Pandang Tieng masih jam 04.30, masih sepi hanya ada saya, Endah dan Pak Sugiono saja tapi ada 1 warung yang buka. Karena hujan jadi tidak terlihat apa-apa semua tertutup kabut. Kata Pak Sugiono kujungan kami kurang tepat, Bagusnya berkumjung ke Dieng antara bulan Mei - Agustus, musim panas jadi tidak terkendala hujan. Gagal deh kami ke Puncak Cikunir. Setelah agak siang mulai berdatangan banyak rombongan pariwisata, dan tetap saja sampai jam 7an masih tertutupi kabut. Saya dan Endah ngopi-ngopi dambil sarapan kentang goreng. sebelum menuju ke destinasi selanjutnya kami foto-foto dulu di pintu masuk menuju Dieng mumpung jalanannya sepi.

    Masih pagi jalanannya sepi, jarang dilintasi kendaraan. padahal ini  jalan utama




    Foto berkali-kali di tengah jalan juga tidak terganggu


    Destination 6 : Mata air tuk bimo lukar

          Tepat disebelah kanan jalan raya menuju Dieng ada mata air suci bagi umat Hindu kuno di kawasan Dieng yang bernama tuk bimo lukar. Pancurannya terbuat dari batu purba dan disimbolkan dengan batu lingga.  Menurut cerita dimana nama dari Tuk Bimo Lukar dimaksudkan sebagai tempat ketika sang Bimoseno mensucikan diri. Tuk Bimo Lukar adalah hulu dari Sungai Serayu. Diyakini bisa menjadi awet muda apabila seseorang mencuci muka di mata ai r ini. saya dan Endah si coba-coba aja, tapi airnya emang nyegerin bikin ga ngantuk lagi. Sehari-harinya mata air ini digunakan warga sekitar untuk mengambil air minum atau kebutuhan lainnya.
    sumber mata air terlihat dari jalan raya

    air pancurannya hanya ada 2

    Destination 7 : Candi Condo Dorowati

              Destinasi terakhir di Dieng candi Condo Dorowati, candi ini terletak di tengah-tenga pemukiman warga. Tidak banyak orang yang datang kesini mungkin karena aksesnya juga yang tidak semua orang tau kecuali memakai jasa guide. Disini tidak bayar tiket karena memang tidak ada penjagaan tiketnya.





              Berakhir kunjungan kami keliling Dieng, kami diantar kembali ke penginapan sebelum akhirnya benar-benar berpisah dengan guide kami Pak Sugiono. Waktu masih pagi sekitar jam 10an tapi saya dengan Endah mau istirahat dulu sambil bersih-bersih dan packing kembali untuk pulang. Rencananya kami memang mau menghabiskan waktu di Dieng 3 hari 2 malam. Tapi mengingat kondisi di Dieng saat itu setiap sore sudah mulai hujan, kami memutuskan 2 hari 1 malam juga sudah cukup, lain kali jika ada kesempatan dan umur kami akan kembali lagi kesini masih banyak objek wisata yang belum kami datangi dan masih penasaran sama indahnya sunrise di puncak cikunir.


    Destination 8 : Mie Ongklok Longkrang
            Tidak lengkap rasanya jika kita berwisata ke suatu tempat tanpa mencicipi makanan khas suatu daerah. Makanan yang sudah melegenda di Wonosobo adalah mie ongklok, penasaran saya dengan rasanya mie ongklok seperti apa. Setelah bertanya-tanya pada orang-orang katanya mie ongklok yang sudah terkenal enaknya adalah mie Ongklok Longkrang yang terletak di jalan rongkang sebelah SD, setelah naik elf sampaikan kami di Longkrang pas banget udah waktunya buat makan siang. Tempatnya sangat sederhana tapi yang beli rame aja men, nunggu yang selesai makan dulu baru dapat duduk. Kami memesan 2 mie ongklok, 1 porsi sate (endah kurang suka daging-dagingan jadi 1 porsi aja buat saya), gorengan dan 2 teh manis. 
    Mie ongklok 
             Mie ongklok adalah mie basah, dicampur sayuran kol dan daun bawang lalu disiram dengan bumbu kacang. Rasanya gurih-gurih manis. Enak si tapi saya penggemar masakan pedas agak kurang suka sama menu utama yang rasanya manis hehehe. Waktunya bayar, saya sudah siap-siap megang uang banyak tapi setelah bayar ternyata semua hanya 30 ribu aja. Tau murah gitu tadi nambah lagi aja hahahaha.

          Perjalanan di lanjutkan naik angkot ke terminal Wonosobo untuk beli tiket bus ke Depok, karena bus tidak bisa dipesan lewat telepon harus pesan langsung ke terminal. Setelah megang tiket kami menuju ke Alun-alun Wonosobo. Ketika ke alun-alun sedang ada acara wisudaan jadi alun-alunnya rame saking ramenya jadi pusing liat banyak orang hilir mudik, walaupun masih siang tapi sudah mulai gerimis mengundang. Saya dan Endah memutuskan untuk segera kembali ke terminal walaupun masih harus nunggu lama sampai magrib. Berakhir lah perjalanan kami ke Wonosobo.

    Rincian harga bulan Desember 2013, 2 hari 1 malam

      • Tiket bis Pal - Wonosobo (Dieng Indah) : Rp. 105.000/orang
      • Ongkos mikro bus Plasa Wonosobo - Dieng : Rp. 15.000/orang
      • Tiket candi Arjuna: Gratis (belum ada penjaganya)
      • Tiket masuk kawah Sikidang : Rp. 10.000/ 2orang
      • Tiket masuk telaga warna : Rp. 4.000/orang
      • Penginapan VIP : Rp. 200.000/ hari (cost sharing jadi Rp. 100.000/orang)
      • Ongkos mikro bus Dieng - Wonosobo : Rp. 10.000/orang
      • Mie ongklok (2 porsi mie + 1 porsi sate + 2 gorengan + 2 teh anget) : Rp. 30.000
      • Ongkos angkot menuju terminal Wonosobo : Rp. 2.000
      • Tiket Wonosobo - Jakarta (Dieng Indah) : Rp. 100.000/orang

              Benin City, Nigeria – Places to See and Visit        

    Benin city is the name of a port city on the banks of the river lies benin and southern part of Nigeria. It is located in the eastern part of Lagos. Benin is a very beautiful city with lots of traditional art centers, galleries and museums. There are several museums in Benin, among others, the [...Read More]

    The post Benin City, Nigeria – Places to See and Visit appeared first on Tedy Travel.


              Modül 6: Elemental Evil Yama Notları        
      Yeni Özellikler Seviye Üst Sınırı 70'e çıkarıldı! Modül 6: Elemental Evil'ın yayınlanmasıyla birlikte, seviye üst sınırını ve bununla ilgili olan birçok sistemi yükseltiyoruz. Bunlara her sınıf için yeni Sınıf Özellikler, Karşılaşma Güçleri ve Beceriler de dahil! Efsunlar ve Rüntaşları, artık düzey 12'ye kadar işlenebiliyor! Eserlerse, yeni Mitik kalitede düzey 120'ye kadar işlenebiliyor. Seviye 70'te yeni bir ikincil eser yuvası açılıyor. Yoldaşlar, artık Efsanevi kalite sahibi olabiliyor ve açılabilen yeni pasif güçler sayesinde düzey 40'a kadar çıkabiliyor! Yoldaşlar, aynı zamanda mevcut kalitelerinden bağımsız olarak 5 yeni düzey kazanabiliyor. Artık tüm meslekler, seviye 25'e erişebiliyor. Yeni seviye üst sınırıyla uyumlu yeni eşyalar, iksirler, işleme taşları ve meslek kaynakları da üzerinde durulması gerekenler arasında! Mevcut tüm fazlalık tecrübesi, seviye 70'e ulaşıldığında erişilebilir olacak ve ödüllere katkı yapacak.   Elemental Denge Ağacı Zümrüt Yerleşimi, Koruyucu'nun Yerleşimi'nin merkezine Elemental Denge Ağacı olarak bilinen fevkalade ve esrarengiz bir oluşum getirdi. Burada, Kılıç Sahili boyunca görülen ve doğal olmayan elemental dengesizliklerle mücadele etmeyi umuyorlar. Kabına sığmayan Rashemi Korucu Minsc ve minyatür dev uzay hamster'ı Boo'nun da yardımıyla, kahramanlar bu elemental karışıklığın merkezindeki tuhaf yeni tarikatları araştıracak. Elemental Kötülük'le mücadelede elini taşın altına koymak isteyen Seviye 60 oyuncular, Koruyucu'nun Yerleşimi'ndeki Çavuş Knox veya Archdruid Sabahşafağı ile konuşmalı. Minsc ve Boo ile birlikte araştırma görevlerini ("Herkese Kılıç!" ile biten) tamamladıktan sonra, yeni 61 ile 70 arası Elemental Kötülük Macera Bölgeleri'ne erişim kazanacaksınız.   Boğulmuş Sahil "Herkese Kılıç!" görevi tamamlandıktan sonra erişilebilir. Blackdagger Haydutları yenilgiye uğradıktan sonra, Anayol ticareti yavaş yavaş kaldığı yerden devam etti. Zümrüt Yerleşimi Korucuları, tüccarların ve yolcuların Blackdagger Harabeleri'ni çevreleyen kıyı ormanından güvenle geçebilmelerine rehberlik etme görevini üstlendiler. Bunu yaparken, kalede başka bir kötü niyetli gücün yuvalanmasını önlemek için gözlerini dört açmışlardı. Udo Stonekin'e bağlı bir cüce madenci grubu, terk edilmiş madenlerde çalışmaya başladı ve mütevazı bir başarı elde etti. Bu sırada, Lord Neverember Kuzgun Kayalığı Sahili'ndeki fenerlerin önceden olduğu gibi korsanların ve hurdacıların eline geçmemesi için küçük bir Neverwinter Muhafız birliğine orada bir garnizon kurma görevini verdi. Muhafızlar, kıyıda süslü püslü bir kuleyle karşılaştıklarında biraz şaşırdı. Keyif Çeşmesi denilen bu kulenin Lliira'nın takipçileri tarafından inşa edildiğini öğrendiler. Ziyaretçilere burada rahatlatıcı, güzel kokulu banyolar sunuluyordu. Bundan bir zarar gelmeyeceğini düşünen muhafızlar, kendi işlerine bakmaya karar verdiler. Islah Kayası "Herkese Kılıç!" görevi tamamlandıktan sonra ve seviye 63'te erişilebilir. Ashmadailer yenildikten sonra, Lord Neverember Helm'in Barınağı'nın baştan aşağı yeniden inşa edilmesini emretti. Zira bu kale şehrini Neverwinter'ın düşmanlarını gözetlemek ve Kılıç Sahili'nin iç kesimlerindeki varlığını sağlamlaştırmak için hayati öneme sahip bir tedarik noktası olarak kullanma planı yapıyordu. İşe bakın ki, Neverwinter'daki güçler çok sayıda çatışmaya dahil olmuş, birlikler Helm'in Barınağı garnizonundan kopmuş ve şehrin kırılgan bir hal aldığını düşünen şehir konseyi endişelenmeye başlamıştı.  Öne çıkan birçok şehir konseyi üyesinin protestosuna rağmen, Helm'in Barınağı konseyi güvenliği sağlamanın alternatif yollarını aramaya başladı. Tam da bu sırada, kendilerine Kara Toprak paralı asker şirketi el uzattı. Kara Toprak, kendisini Waterdeepli bir soylu tarafından yönetilen, iyi eğitimli ve eli silah tutan, toprak büyüsünde uzman olanların dahil olduğu yeni bir paralı asker şirketi olarak tanıttı. Şirket, yakınlarda bir yere kendi özel operasyonları için bir kale inşa etmelerine müsaade edilmesi şartıyla Helm'in Barınağı'nı çok ucuza korumayı teklif etti. Böyle örnekler yok değildi. Örneğin; güneydeki Baldur Kapısı da uzun zamandır Alevli Yumruk paralı asker şirketiyle böyle bir ilişki içindeydi ve kendileri şu an şehir gözcülüğü yapıyordu. Dahası, Helm'in Barınağı'nın surlarının onarılması yıllar alabilirdi. O sebeple, yakınlarda bir kale olması büyük bir emniyet tesis edebilirdi. Bulettelerin tüccarlara düzenledikleri bir dizi saldırının ardından şehrin güvenliğinden ciddi anlamda tedirginlik duymaya başlayan Helm'in Barınağı şehir konseyi, anlaşmayı imzalamaya can atıyordu. Lord Neverember, askeri bir gücün kendi topraklarında kalesini inşa edecek olmasından hoşnut değildi fakat paralı askerleri emelleri doğrultusunda eğitmişliği vardı. Mesela, on yıldan fazla bir zaman önce kalesinin güvenliğini sağlamaları için kiraladığı Mintarn askerleri, şu an saygın birer Neverwinter Muhafızı idi. Neverember, aynı zamanda Kara Toprak paralı askerlerini kuran Waterdeepli soylu Marlos Urnrayle'ı tanıyordu ve Urnrayle kendi krallığını kurma planları yapıyor olsaydı, Neverember her tür sadakat sorununu Waterdeep'teki kendi nüfuzunu (ve etkili maddi gücünü) kullanarak çözebileceğinden emindi. Anlaşmayı bir deneme temelinde kabul ederek Yüzbaşı Dunfield'ı emeklilikten çağırıp şehir konseyinde kimlerin güvenilir olduğunu, Urnrayle'ın kimleri kolayca parmağında oynatabilec