Comment on Bookmark-worthy: The Jam Labelizer by Charl        
Hi Katie, Thanks for the very cool link. I used the labelizer to prepare for my Witches Tea Party and made creepy labels using my invited witch friend's names: Kathy's Kreamy Bats, Mary's Snails & Slugs, Charlene's Swamp Juice etc.
          Activities: Marine Mammal course in Belize!        

Ecology, Behavior & Conservation of Marine Mammals, A Unique Field Course in the Drowned Cayes, Belize

DATES: May 26 - June 8, 2010 (inclusive of travel)
INSTRUCTORS:

Caryn Self-Sullivan, Ph.D., Bruce A. Schulte, Ph.D., Katherine S. LaCommare, M.S.
LOCATION: Spanish Bay Conservation & Research Center at HP Adventure Lodge,
http://belizeadventurelodge.com/
COSTS: $2595 includes, housing, meals, field trips, ground & water transfer fees, research & materials fees; DOES NOT include airfare, books, tips, or credit hours
DEADLINES: Early Registration ($50 Discount) & and Deposit due March 1st, 2010
MINIMUM / MAXIMUM CLASS SIZE: 8-24 students
REGISTRATION:
http://www.sirenian.org/CourseSyllabus2010.html

Want to be a Marine Mammal Biologist? Or a Behavioral Ecologist? Here's your chance to join our research team for two intense weeks of total immersion into the world of Animal Behavior, Antillean manatees, bottlenose dolphins in Belize! You will become totally immersed into island living, the study of ethology (animal behavior) and the biology of manatees and dolphins through lectures and learning activities, literature review, debate, projects, and field research. This unique field course combines an overview of the ecology, behavior, and conservation of sirenians and cetaceans with hands-on manatee & dolphin research in the Drowned Cayes, Belize. You'll spend 3-4 hours on the water each day learning about the environment as we explore a labyrinth of mangrove islands, seagrass beds, and coral patches searching for elusive manatees and charismatic dolphins. You'll collect behavioral and environmental data and learn about photo-id techniques; you'll develop a Fact Sheet or Activity Booklet about a related topic to be published by the Hugh Parkey Foundation for Marine Awareness & Education and/or Sirenian International. Extra-curricular activities include diving or snorkeling at Turneffe Atoll, and exploring an ancient Maya City.


This unique course has a work load equivalent to 4 university credit hours and is divided into 4 major components: lectures and learning activities (~1 hour per day), independent reading and assignments (~2 hour per day), data collection in the field (~4 hours per day), project development (~1 hours per day) and debate/group discussion of reading materials (~1 hours per day).


Want credit towards your degree? No problem! Sign up for independent study with an advisor at your school and pay the appropriate fees. The course has 70 contact hours and is comparable to a 4 credit university course. Just have you advisor contact Dr. Self- Sullivan (cselfsullivan@georgiasouthern.edu) to discuss the requirements for credit. Remember, if you are interested in getting independent study credit for this course at your school, you must make arrangements IN ADVANCE with BOTH your advising faculty and the course instructor. Credit hour fees must be paid directly to your school and you must fulfill any Study Abroad requirements at your school.

COURSE CONTENT OVERVIEW (Lectures & Learning Activities)


- The Order Sirenia: Manatees and Dugongs of the World
- The Order Cetacea: Whales and Dolphins of the World
- The Local Research Project: Manatee & Dolphins of the Drowned Cayes
- Animal Behavior: Ethology and Behavioral Ecology - The Scientific Perspectives
- Ecology - Interactions between Manatees, Dolphins, and their Environment
- Marine Mammals under Human Care in Zoos and Oceanariums
- Marine Mammal Science: Research Design, Data Collection Methods,
- Analysis of Data, and Interpretation of Results
- Marine Mammal Conservation and Advocacy: The Status of Extant Marine Mammal Species

RESOURCES


We recommend two books (optional) as primary resources on manatees and dolphins:
- The Florida Manatee: Biology and Conservation, by Roger L. Reep and Robert K. Bonde, University Press of Florida
- The Bottlenose Dolphin: Biology and Conservation, by John E. Reynolds, Samantha D. Eide, and Randall S. Wells, University Press of Florida


A selection of primary literature will be sent to you in electronic format in advance of the course. Students are required to print out these articles and bring them with them to Belize.There is also a library of books and archived journals, including Society of Marine Mammalogy, Animal Behavior, and Conservation Biology journals, in our library onsite in Belize.

COURSE FEE & ADDITIONAL INFORMATION


The course fee of $2595 includes all transportation, course, field trip, and living expenses from your arrival at the PWG airport in Belize on May 26th to your departure on June 8th. You are responsible for tips, insurance, and round-trip airfare to Belize (BZE).

REGISTER EARLY: SAVE $100 WHEN YOU REGISTER and PAY IN FULL BY March 1st
SAVE $50 WHEN YOU REGISTER and PAY DEPOSIT BY March 1st

To register for course, please visit
http://www.sirenian.org/CourseSyllabus2010.html

For more information on the course, please email caryns@sirenian.org or cselfsullivan@georgiasouthern.edu

For more information on the instructors, please visit
http://sirenian.org/caryn.html and http://bioweb.wku.edu/faculty/Schulte/Default.asp

For more information on the facilities, please visit
http://belizeadventurelodge.com/

Download a Course Flyer at
http://sirenian.org/CourseFlyer2010.pdf


Caryn Self-Sullivan, Ph.D.
President & Co-founder, Sirenian International
Visiting Assistant Professor, Georgia Southern University
Mobile: 540.287.8207 | Fax: 540.242.9196
Email: caryns@sirenian.org or cselfsullivan@georgiasouthern.edu


          Comment on Banners Design for Mobile Unlock Base by MichaelImmed        
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          Five Affordable World Destinations        















 











 Home | Five Affordable World Travel Destinations







Five Affordable World Travel Destinations




Locations
That Offer More But Cost Less

 


So
you want to travel the world but you have a tight budget? 
Are you tired of reading about everyone else’s exotic adventures and
ready to have some of your own?  Have
you always wanted to take an international vacation but thought you couldn’t
afford it?  There are numerous
travel destinations across the world that are both exciting and affordable. 
Five of them are described here to give you ideas and get you started
planning your own getaway.



There
are two ways to approach affordable vacations to distant destinations. 
Either you will save money getting there or the savings will occur once
you arrive at your selected spot.  If
you want the trip there to be affordable, many travel consolidators recommend
choosing well-known destinations that are served by numerous airlines and
receive millions of travelers each year.  The
competition for customers usually drives costs down for everything from lodging
to tour packages.  Airfares between
major hubs tend to be more affordable and there are often plenty of discounts
and last minute travel deals.


London

In
Europe, London is a top pick for affordable vacation destinations, for these
exact reasons.  Not only do you have
more flights to choose from, they are cheaper than if you flew to a more remote
location. On average, staying in
London may be a bit more expensive than other European destinations, but the
seemingly endless choices in hotels, restaurants, transportation, tours, and
other travel essentials gives travels opportunities to mold their vacation to
fit their budgets.  And you can use
London as your home base to set out on day trips to other more exotic locations
or buy a Eurorail pass and see those more remote countries without the expense
of flying there.


Playa
del Carmen, Mexico

This
theory also works well for traveling in the Caribbean. 
Belize is an appealing destination, with wonderful Caribbean beaches and
a lush tropic setting, but since it has only recently emerged as a popular
travel destination, it is more expensive than Cancun, Jamaica or other
well-traveled locations along the Mayan Riviera. 
With fewer flights, getting there is more expensive, and there are few
moderate lodging options. Development
of larger luxury resorts have begun to boom, but the only real alternative for
those on a budget is staying in local facilities that may be hard to locate from
home and may be more rustic than most travelers are willing to try.


Although
there are many options for affordable vacations in the Caribbean, an excellent
pick is Playa del Carmen, Mexico.  Accessible
via flights to Cancun, which are often some of the cheapest in the region, Playa
is just a half hour away.  It is
filled with a multitude of lodging choices, from expansive luxury resorts on the
ocean to quaint but clean hotels downtown. 
From Playa, travelers can branch out and visit Tulum and other locations
on the Mayan Riviera or take the ferry across to the island of Cozumel where
snorkeling is prime and the attractions are many.


For
Asian destinations, travelers often do better to focus on saving money once they
get to their destination. Depending
on your country of origin, getting to just about any spot in Asia is going to be
a sizable chunk of your travel budget.  The
difference will come from the cost of lodging, food, entertainment and other
travel expenditures once you arrive. By
choosing destinations where you get the most for your money, you can save a
great deal on your international vacation. 
A drink or dinner in Tokyo will cost you many times more than what it
would in Saigon. The key here is to
go where your dollars buy you more and where the local cost of living is low.


Tioman
Island

An
affordable yet exotic choice for Asia is Malaysia and specifically Tioman
Island, knows as the
mythical 'Bali Hai' from the film 'South Pacific.’ 
Tioman Island is located at the southern end of the east coast of
Malaysia on the South China Sea. Its sandy beaches, bordered by lush jungles and
stunning mountains make it a relaxing yet intriguing destination, ideal for sun
lovers, snorkelers and divers.  The
island also has many villages for exploring and shopping. 
English is widely spoken and the
rates are amazingly affordable, with a two night lodging package for a suite at
a lovely oceanside resort averaging around 100 U.S. dollars. 
Typically visitors reach the island via the speed ferry from the
mainland. Although the trip can
take over two hours, it is enjoyable and provides opportunities for dolphin
watching along the way.


 


Buenos
Aires

South
America also has many destinations that are affordable because of the savings
once you arrive. Locales like
Rio
de Janeiro in Brazil, the areas top destination, are coming down in price but
are still more expensive than cities such as Buenos Aires in Argentina, where
the rates are lower and the U.S. dollar goes further.


 


A
huge metropolis that is more European than South American, the city has much to
offer including cultural events, thriving nightlife, shopping, local sports, and
a host of tours and excursions. La
Boca, with its street performers, shops, and unique architecture is a big
tourist draw.  The large number of
choices for lodging, restaurants, and activities provides opportunities for
budget travel and savings. Airfare to the city is relatively reasonable for an
international destination, with discount fares from the U.S. averaging around
$500 round trip.  Buenos Aires might
not be one of the most exotic or inspiring destinations in South America, but it
is a city that everyone should see at least once, and with some of the most
affordable rates and fares around, it makes the list as a top South American
destination.


 


Las
Vegas

The
list would not be complete without a North American destination, and the champ
of all affordable locales is Las Vegas.  It
too is a city that should be seen at least once, and many world travelers return
again and again for the gaming, art, shows and people watching that just can’t
be found anywhere else. Close
enough to other top U.S. attractions like the Grand Canyon, Vegas provides other
options for those who have had their fill of casinos.


 


The
city has long been known for its cheap vacation packages with hotels and resorts
that offer discount rates for rooms, meals and entertainment in hopes of
attracting people to their gaming tables. Airfare
rates into Vegas are some of the most reasonable in the United States, no matter
the origination destination. And
with more than 100,000 hotel rooms to choose from, there is sure to be a lodging
choice that fits your budget.


 


The
world provides hundreds of affordable travel destinations. With all the options available, there is no excuse to put off that
life-long desire to travel to exotic places at the far ends of the earth. Destinations can be researched on the Internet or your
travel
consolidator can make
recommendations and help with locating cheap
international airfare
and
lodging rates
that fit your budget.  So
what are you waiting for?  Get out
there and explore the world.


 


About
the Author

C.J.
Gustafson is a freelance writer and photographer who travels extensively for
work and family
vacations
. 
A cheapskate by nature and necessity, she is always on the lookout for
bargain travel deals and affordable vacation destinations. 


© 2004 1st-in-cheap-vacations.com



You may reprint this article on your website only if links are kept intact.



About the Author

None



Written by: C.J.Gustafson





 






Also read the following articles


Finding discount prices on European vacations

Save Lots By Booking Your Travel Online

Cruise Packages have Something for Everyone

How You Can Save Up to 50 or More on Your Next RV Rental Vacation

Airfare Not Always Fair


 






NEWS



 












          Belize Delegation Attends 38th Regular Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of CARICOM        
Minister of Foreign Affairs Hon. Wilfred Elrington attended the 38th Regular Meeting of the Conference of Heads of Government of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) held in St George’s, Grenada on July 4th to 6th, 2017.
          House of Representatives proposes Stamp Duty Transfer Tax increase        
At the sitting of the House of Representatives on Friday, June 30th in Belmopan City, a bill was read and entered to raise the stamp duty transfer tax, from 5% to 8%, on all foreign -purchased properties in Belize.
          Belize Represented at XLIX Summit of Heads of Government and State of the Central American Integration System        
Belize attended the XLIX Summit of Heads of Government and State of the Central American Integration System.
          MOU signed between Microsoft and Government of Belize        
On Thursday, June 22nd, the Government of Belize (GOB) and Microsoft Service signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) at an official ceremony held in Belize City.
          Ministry of Foreign Affairs launches Diaspora Website        
Established and administered by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Belizean Diaspora Program was approved by the Government of Belize in September 2009.
          Governor General Welcomes Ambassadors at the Belize House        
On June 5th, 2017 at the Belize House, four ambassadors presented their letters of credence to the Governor General of Belize H.E. Sir Colville Young.
          Belizean delegation visits Cuba        
The Deputy Prime Minister of Belize, Honourable Patrick Faber, led a high level delegation to Havana, Cuba on Monday, May 22nd.
          Belize and UAE sign Open Skies Agreement        
The United Arab Emirates (UAE), represented by the General Civil Aviation Authority (GCAA), signed an open skies agreement with the Government of Belize on Saturday, May 6th.
          US Embassy donates new equipment to Belize Customs to detect weapons of mass destruction        
On Wednesday, May 3rd, the United States Embassy handed over a variety of equipment to the Customs and Excise Department in Belize City.
          The Afternoon Sound Alternative 12-18-2015 with Farrell Lowe        
Playlist:

Chrome Hoof- Enter The Drobe - Chrome Black Gold
Totter- Diesel - The Crackle
Robert Glasper- Black Radio feat Yasiin Bey - Black Radio
Henry Threadgill- Ambient Pressure Thereby - Tomorrow Sunny The Revelry Spp
Cecil Taylor- Morning Of Departure - In Florescence
Michael Mantler- The Sinking Spell - The Hapless Child And Other Inscrutable Stories
- voicebreak -
Okkyung Lee- On A Windy Day - Nihm
Collin Walcott- Moon Lake - Grazing Dreams
John Zorn- Azbugah - Lucifer The Book Of Angels Volume 10
Love- The Daily Planet - Forever Changes
Mothers Of Inventions- Why Dontcha Do Me Right - Absolutely Free
Bob Dylan The Band- Aint No More Cane - The Basement Tapes
Can- Peking O - Tago Mago 40th Anniversary Edition
The Guess Who- American Woman - American Woman
L Voag- Beauty Spreads - The Way Out
Pere Ubu- Stormy Weather - Song Of The Bailing Man
Gabor Szabo Hal Gordon Jim Stewart Jimmy Keltner Louis Kabok- The Divided City - Bacchanal
Chet Atkins- Jitterbug Waltz - The Essential Chet Atkins
Mystery Palace- Rebelize - Flags Forward
Flying Lotus- Golden Diva - Los Angeles
Enoch Light- Fascinating Rhythm - Provocative Percussion
Deerhoof- Believe ESP - Friend Opportunity
Robert Glasper- Ah Yeah feat Musiq Soulchild Chrisette Michele - Black Radio
Carolina Chocolate Drops- Po Black Sheep - Leaving Eden
David Bowie- Weeping Wall - Low
Pentangle- Once I Had A Sweetheart - Early Classics
Rabbit Rabbit- This Is The House - Rabbit Rabbit Radio Vol 2 Swallow Me Whole
Lords Of Howling- Where The Rain Is Held - Baltimore Pearl Crescent White Admiral
Taraf De Hadouks- Hora Din Cayal - Honourable Brigands Magic Horses And Evil Eye
Phil Manzanera- Mummy Was An Asteriod Daddy Was A Small NonStick Kitchen Utensil - Mainstream
The Ventures- The McCoy - Walk Dont Run
Tribalistas- Mary Cristo - Tribalistas
Brian Eno- The Great Pretender - Taking Tiger Mountain By Strategy
Dirty Projectors- Gun Has No Trigger - Swing Lo Magellan
Alice Cooper- Fields Of Regret - Pretties For You
Hal Willner Presents- Freedom - Weird Nightmare Meditations On Mingus
Deerhoof- News From A Bird - The Runners Four
Paul McCartney Linda McCartney- Heart Of The Country - RAM
Matthew Shipp William Parker Beans Hprizm- This Is For My Brother The Wind - Knives From Heaven


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/65/playlistDate/2015-12-18
          Scientists on the Margins        
by
David Nobes
2005-01-30

INTRODUCTION

The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) was convened in Geneva in December of 2003. When the World Summit was announced, many in the scientific community questioned why there was no clear or central role for science and scientists. Scientists at CERN, in particular, expressed their concerns because CERN, one of the premier international collaborative scientific institutions, is regarded by many as the “birthplace” of the Internet.

As a result of the interventions of scientists, the UN and WSIS Secretariat proposed to hold an additional, but separate meeting ahead of the World Summit - the Role of Science in the Information Society (RSIS). The Role of Science meeting was also held in Geneva, at CERN, immediately before the World Summit. Many who attended RSIS also attended the WSIS. (The RSIS website is still active, as of January 2005).

The RSIS was intended to provide a forum whereby scientists and science administrators could contribute to the ongoing discussions on the Information Society. The discussions focussed on information sharing - the mechanisms for such sharing, and the impact on society that information sharing could have, because it became quickly apparent that information sharing is one of the primary elements in what we have come to call the Information Society, which I will abbreviate here as IS. Information technology is abbreviated as IT.

At this point, it should be noted that many of the participants, this author included, wondered what influence we scientists might have on the larger World Summit. Because of its separateness, many attendees doubted, sometimes publicly, that we would have much impact on the main WSIS “event” (the term used on the website and in the printed material). Many felt that the meeting was nonetheless useful, but more for the informal networks and contacts that we made, rather than for the formal proceedings. This reflects the nature of the Internet and modern electronic communications, which was nicely and concisely described by Tim Berners-Lee, who developed the browser-based interface, the “World Wide Web,” now concomitant with the popular conception of the Internet. He portrayed the “essence” of the Web as “decentralized” and “fractal.” It was originally designed to fill a need to share information (“data”) that was different in nature, format, and style.

[ For a much different conception of a global informational network, albeit one that has yet to be put into popular practice, see the Home Page of Ted Nelson, eds. ]

At the end of the RSIS was a “Visionary Panel Discussion: Science and Governance.” Most of the panel members who discussed the future of the Internet used outdated and outmoded terminology and paradigms, and I think they missed some of the inherent anarchic and democratic aspects of the Internet. Many of us felt that the panel, with the exception of Berners-Lee, showed a lack of understanding of the Internet and the Web. Indeed, the character of the Internet and the Web in many ways reflect how human progress is made, whether we are discussing science or broader societal aspects. We take steps that wander up many blind alleys and false trails before hitting upon solutions to previously unsolved problems. The solutions are almost always imperfect and almost always later superseded by some better approach. It is necessarily unstructured and chaotic, as any creative activity will be. However, those involved directly, such as scientists, are often excluded from the decision-making processes, which tend to be dominated by politicians and bureaucrats who are in general sadly ignorant of science and its methods. I hope to expand on this theme in the report that follows. The issues raised are no less relevant and important a year on from the meeting. The most exciting and innovative projects described during the meeting emphasised the lack of centralized control over the Internet and the Web, and that such control is nearly impossible. We cannot control what people do with the Internet; instead the main issue should be about showing people how to use the Internet effectively and sceptically.

The structure of this report is simple. It follows the structure of the meeting, which was built around the central RSIS “themes”: education; economic development; environment; health; and enabling technologies. I summarise some of the main points and observations from each session, highlighting those talks, presentations and sessions that seem to have best captured the atmosphere of the RSIS and future of the Information Society.

OPENING PLENARY SESSION - “SETTING THE SCENE”

The opening plenary session comprised a series of presentations that ranged widely across the IS spectrum. Adolf Ogi, Special Advisor on WSIS to the Swiss Federal Council, officially welcomed the RSIS participants on behalf of Switzerland, the host country, and challenged the participants to promote “science for all, without boundaries.” He touched on the issues of control of technology and the role of infrastructure, and the costs associated with both. When we say “costs”, we mean both the cost to society as a whole and the cost to the individual. This becomes, then, a major concern in developing countries where personal monetary wealth is limited, and thus access to modern computing tools is limited.

Two speakers put the Role of Science in the context of the World Summit on the Information Society. Adama Samassékou, President of the WSIS Preparation Committee, addressed the gulf between the “haves” and the “have-nots,” using the now common phrase “the digital divide.” However, Samassékou went beyond these almost clichéd terms and viewpoints to discuss the traditional forms of knowledge, and how in the IS world oral traditions, and the information they transmit, are being lost, largely because we have not had a means to incorporate them into the technology of the IS. He emphasised the goal of a lack of boundaries for the sharing of information, and the need to promote the IS within an ethical framework. In this framework, he included environmental ethics. This theme arose again in the special session on the Environment in the IS.

Yoshia Utsumi, Secretary-General of the International Telecommunication Union, emphasised accessibility of IS, but his emphasis was on scientific access. This was perhaps a reflection of the audience, but was then limited in its scope, especially when considered in the light of some of the presentations that came later in the day. He noted the lack of scientific funding in the developing world, and the “problems” in science policy. My opinion is that “gap” may have been a more appropriate word, because few countries, developing or otherwise, have clear policies for the sharing of information, scientific or otherwise. Many that do have such policies, such as the U.S.A., obstruct information sharing for reasons of “security,” even though open access to data and information is often the best defence. However, as Utsumi noted, this was a beginning of the process of discussion and policy formulation.

After the two RSIS context speakers, we listened to three “keynote” speakers, each of whom gave brief talks: Dr Nitin Desai, Special Advisor to Kofi Annan on WSIS; HRH Princess Maha Chakro Sirindhom of Thailand; and Walter Erdelen, Assistant Director-General for Natural Sciences at UNESCO. These talks touched on issues of citizen-to-citizen communication and the “digital divide” (Desai), the lack of access to IT and concepts of sustainability in the IS (Sirindhom), and the environment (Erdelen).

Dr Esther Dyson, the Founding Chair of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), was listed as speaking on “the promise of the Information Society and the role that science and technology have played.” ICANN is the organisation responsible for mediating domain names. They do not assign names, per se, but monitor the process and the circumstances. They have little power, but unfortunately are often seen, incorrectly, as responsible for the current morass over domain names. Dyson did not speak on the listed topic, but instead talked about the role of scientists themselves, rather than some monolithic “science,” in the future of the IS. She also emphasised that we cannot solve the problems of the Internet in a question and answer session.

Finally, Ismail Serageldin, the Director-General of the Library of Alexandria, gave a PowerPoint presentation on the state of IT use at the Library. It is impossible to cover all of the material he (rapidly yet effectively) presented. The Bibliotheca Alexandrina is making use of IT in many ways, and to a large extent (their website is www.bibalex.org). Some of the problems and issues Serageldin identified for the RSIS were, to name a few:

* effective and accessible publication and dissemination of information, specifically research and the results of research;
* peer-review (or lack thereof for online publications);
* copyright and “fair use” of online materials; and
* Internet library loans.

He discussed the rise of anti-science movements, particularly in the context of fundamentalist religious groups, and both here and in his talk he noted that these were not only Islamic but also Christian fundamentalist groups. Some approaches they used to try to counter such movements were:

* the establishment of a BA science “supercourse”;
* reaching children with “My Book”, which placed the child within the book designed and partly written by the child using online resources; and
* the “Hole in the Wall” computer.

This last approach was particularly interesting and revolutionary. The concept is to place a PC secured into a recess in a wall, using a transparent cover to allow visibility and access to the touch screen. Results showed that illiterate people, especially children and young adults, were learning to read by working their way through Internet connections. They would begin by using the symbols to guide their way, but would eventually learn to decipher at least in part the messages that accompanied those symbols.

One unfortunate omission from the programme was the presentation by Tim Berners-Lee, who was delayed by a snowstorm in Boston, and did not arrive until half way through the second day of the symposium.

“THE FUTURE: What the Scientific Information Society Can Offer”

The next session was a bit of a misnomer. It was a mix of topics, ranging from GIS to technological access for urban and rural poor people to sociological aspects. The sociological paper was simply a written paper read aloud, with a singular lack of the use of any of the technology we had been discussing. The sociological presentation simply served to emphasise the growing gap between scientists and some social scientists, and made me uncomfortably aware of why the Sokal hoax had worked so well amongst the social science journals; the presentation was unnecessarily rife with jargon that obscures rather than informs.

As an aside, for those unfamiliar with the Sokal hoax, Allan Sokal is a Professor of Physics at New York University who submitted a hoax article, “Transgressing the Boundaries: Towards a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity” to the journal Social Text. As the Skeptics Dictionary says (http://skepdic.com/sokal.html):

The article was a hoax submitted, according to Sokal, to see “would a leading journal of cultural studies publish an article liberally salted with nonsense if (a) it sounded good and (b) it flattered the editors’ ideological preconceptions?” It would. Needless to say, the editors of Social Text were not pleased.

What Sokal was attacking was the view amongst some social scientists that “physical reality” is a social construct, whereas the existence of an external “world” is an underlying premise in science. There is insufficient space to explore this issue adequately here, but the reader is referred to the many websites dealing with the Sokal “affair” (especially, e.g., http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sokal_Affair and http://www.drizzle.com/~jwalsh/sokal/), and Sokal’s own site ( http://www.physics.nyu.edu/faculty/sokal/)

[ Amato writes at length of the Sokal Affair in sokal text: another funny thing happened on the way to the forum; and it is discussed in Kilgore’s review of Technoscience and Cyberculture, and Ciccoricco’s Contour of a Contour, eds. ]

In that session, nonetheless, were two presentations that stand out in my mind, those by Lida Brito, the Minister of Higher Education, Science, and Technology for Mozambique, and Onno Purbo, an engineer from Indonesia. Purbo talked about how to “Facilitate Fast and Self-Propelled Internet Access: Return to Society,” a presentation that was shifted from the second day into the first day’s programme. His presentation was, in many ways, a useful counterpoint to Serageldin’s, in particular the “Hole in the Wall” PC, noted above. Purbo obtains PC’s at low cost, usually sold cheaply or donated by large companies that are upgrading their computing systems. These PC’s are then made available in “classrooms” placed in poor urban and rural areas so that the local people can use the computers. They also learn to use the Internet. Purbo provides access by, as he put it, “stealing” open frequencies. He uses antennas ingeniously constructed from old tin cans; these are sufficient to provide the signal needed. He uses open source software, and emphasised that mass education is the key to providing a basic education to the broad populace.

His presentation also served to emphasise that education is crucial for informed and useful access to the Internet. Too many people, of whatever socio-economic level, “surf” the Net without any thought about the “information” they are obtaining. The websites they access are often a source of disinformation and misinformation. However, this also serves to reinforce the democratic nature of the Internet. We cannot control how people use the Web, and the fact that there are hundreds of sites devoted to Elvis may or may not be a sad commentary on our society, but it nonetheless also serves to show us how uncontrollable the Internet is.

I present the Elvis example, one noted at the meeting, not to denigrate the use of the Internet and the Web for such purposes. What it shows is that new technologies have become new instruments of entertainment, when the hope was that they would become self-directed teaching tools. My main point is that during many of the RSIS sessions, a number of our “elder statesmen” (and they were almost all male) talked about “control.” They seek to control access, information flow, and the development of the Internet. In this way, our “leaders” show their fundamental ignorance of this creature. I emphasise, again, Berners-Lee’s description of the Internet as a fractal and chaotic thing.

Brito’s presentation was, in contrast, a passionate “wish” list of what she would like to do and see happen, both in Mozambique and beyond. Her list was focussed around the themes of wider literacy and ” relevant ” knowledge.

The session ended with a panel discussion, ostensibly “Reflections on the Role of Science in the Information Society.” The participants each gave a short presentation, with a very brief period at the end for discussion. Most were much as expected, and a number were largely political in nature. One exception was Juergen Renn, of the Max Planck History of Science Institute and ECHO (European Cultural Heritage On-Line), who was concerned that the “core of cultural heritage is largely excluded from information technology” and noted how ECHO was formed to address this. He also briefly talked about the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. (The full declaration can be found at: www.zim.mpg.de/openaccess-berlin/berlindeclaration.html). While the goals of the declaration are laudable, a number of participants were concerned about the lack of copyright protection, citing cases where work done by researchers in developing countries was plagiarised by researchers in developed countries.

So concluded the first day of the conference. A number of us noted a general lack of self-criticism in most of the presentations. There was a lot of vague language and abundant use of clichés, much “looking to the future” and long wish lists. The most exciting presentations, for me, were the ones that discussed concrete examples of taking IT to the broader populace, often in quite revolutionary ways, in all of the meanings of that phrase.

PARALLEL SESSIONS

I attended the session on “Contributions to Environment.” Other sessions were on Education, Economic Development, Health, and Enabling Technologies. All of these sessions had quite active online forums for discussion in the months leading up to the RSIS and WSIS symposiums, and the forums can be reviewed at the RSIS website. Most of us contributed to more than one online discussion group, but attended only one parallel session.

In the Environment session, most of the presentations focussed on technical and management issues. David Williams of EUMETSAT talked about the Global Earth Observation Systems and Strategies, focussing on data management and the move toward an Integrated Global Observation Strategy (IGOS), which seeks a comprehensive integrated effort. Such a move needs a “shared strategy,” and involves the participation of the UN, international scientific and research programmes, space agencies, etc. They seek to develop a common approach to surface and satellite observations. The international weather observation and forecasting network is one successful example where a common strategy and approach has been developed. Williams had many interesting and pithy quotes: “The world is full of data and short on information” is probably my favourite.

Patricio Bernal, of UNESCO and the IOC, talked about the Global Ocean Observation System (GOOS). There are regional GOOS “alliances.” New Zealand, where I am based, is a member of one such regional alliance. Bernal noted, however, that there needs to be an adaptation of international norms for data sharing to facilitate the further development of GOOS. This was a common theme that arose a number of times during the Environment parallel session, specifically, and the RSIS more generally. There are often conflicting protocols for sharing data and information and, as Williams’ quote illustrates, a set of data is not always usable information.

Josef Arbacher of the ESA talked about Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES), a programme for monitoring of regional development, management of risk, and the guidance of crisis management and humanitarian aid. The ESA aims to have full capacity by 2012-2015. The EU will be spending 628 million euros in the 2004-2006 fiscal period, rising to 5005 million euros by the 2007-2015 period. Again, the issue of data sharing and accessibility arose, in addition to questions of data verification and transparency of the process.

Stuart Marsh, of the British Geological Survey Remote Sensing Group, talked about Geohazards and the IS. He noted that citizens are the ultimate beneficiaries, and suggested that there are three main user groups of geohazards information: “responsible authorities”, scientists in monitoring and government agencies, and research scientists. They have different needs, e.g., baseline inventory of hazards, monitoring, rapid dissemination of information during a crisis, etc. He noted, as did the others in the session, the need for an integrated approach from surface to space, and the need for but difficulty in bringing together the different types of data. Again, this raised the issue of data management. Marsh’s presentation also highlighted, however, the gap in our knowledge about the scientific literacy of our public “authorities.” Those responsible may well be local or regional officials who are far removed from those who gather and use the data/information. These officials may have no understanding of the processes involved, and their concerns may in fact run counter to the actions that should be taken to avert a crisis. The current crisis in South Asia in the wake of the tsunami illustrates many of these concerns. An early warning system was not in place because of the cost (both for the infrastructure development and for ongoing support) and because of the lack of technical expertise to staff such an enterprise.

This illustrates a major gap in the entire RSIS - there was little or no consideration of how we get technical information to the public officials and to the wider population. The entire issue of scientific literacy was glossed over, and instead most presenters focussed on those who were trained to use the data, when, as I noted earlier, most people are using the Internet in an undirected and uninformed way, so that they are unable or unwilling to distinguish “good” reliable information from poor quality “information” or even from reports that were consciously devised to misinform the “public.”

After Marsh, Stuart Salter, who leads the Species Information Service (SIS) of the World Conservation Union (IUCN), gave probably the most thoughtful of the Environmental presentations. He discussed “appropriate technologies.” As an example to start off his talk, he mentioned an emergency in Belize where large volumes of vaccine were required, but which went bad because of a lack of refrigeration. Those providing the vaccine were unaware of such a lack; it never occurred to them that large parts of the world still lack refrigeration. He used this to highlight the problem when a network of scientists (who he described as “free spirited individuals”), give “information” that needs to be organised in a common format and then propagated up and out into the community. His premise was that complex ICT systems could allow a simple “front end” and often can be configured by users to suit their purposes. He noted the need to change the “paradigm” whereby scientists visit a country, do their research, then leave and publish the results, leaving no net results in the visited country. He emphasised the need for using scientists in regional networks, working in existing well-functioning scientific and conservation networks. Then the data are vertically integrated in a relational database, using a GIS format. This is the mode of operation used successfully by the SIS for decades. The data are controlled by the scientific community, and the quality of the data is overseen by Specialist Groups, of which there are 128 in the SIS. The data are continuously updated. The SIS has thus grown from existing networks, rather than imposed from outside, which explains why it has worked so well.

Finally, Luigi Fusco of the ESA talked about “Emerging Technologies for Earth Observation and Environmental Applications.” He used as his example the wreck of the tanker “Prestige” off the northwest coast of Portugal and Spain. He noted that the satellite data were insufficient to be used alone, and that a wide range of technologies and their associated data, from surface through to satellite observations, needed to be integrated in a complex information management system. This theme of the need for integration of different types of data and information from a range of technologies and scales of observation arose again and again throughout the session.

CLOSING SESSIONS

The closing sessions were in two parts: a series of summaries of the thematic parallel sessions were presented, followed by a “panel discussion,” closing remarks from the Secretary-General of the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and then the “Key Message” from the RSIS, presented by the Director-General of CERN. Given that the “Key Message” did not differ at all from the text circulated before the RSIS meeting, many of us wondered why we had spent two days talking about the various issues. We concluded that the greatest benefit may well arise from the creation of a network of individuals interested in the issues raised by the RSIS symposium.

The session summaries raised some common themes and issues. One of the primary issues is the integration and sharing of data within complex structures, and the desire to get IT into rural and poor urban communities. The goal to fight illiteracy, generally, and scientific illiteracy, more specifically, is a major obstacle in the building of an Information Society, which requires the wider availability and use of IT, from tertiary institutions everywhere, not just in developing countries, to remote communities.

Finally, the panel discussion amounted to little more than prepared statements from “elder statesmen” (men without exception, all elderly except for Tim Berners-Lee), and was perhaps symbolic of much of the meeting. Berners-Lee spoke for two minutes and encapsulated the essence of the Internet and the Information Society better and more succinctly than any other speaker. It is decentralized and “fractal” in its nature, and inherently uncontrollable and ungovernable. Yet so many of the politicians on the panel, for most were politicians, used outmoded and outdated paradigms and language in their politically motivated speeches. They kept talking about “governance” of the Internet and IT. I can only conclude that our political “leaders” have little or no idea about the Internet tiger they have by the tail. It is fundamentally an anarchic, often revolutionary creature, one that will refuse to be confined and controlled.


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          Sea Front Lot.        
Sea front lot for sale in Belize, Central America...
          Xmas Comes to Belize Orphanage        

A Special Thanks – Part I Volunteer Jocelyn Maturo will be returning to Belize this month to volunteer at the children’s home. Jocelyn and her mother Gloria first visited this project in June 2013. After making a strong connection with the children, Jocelyn decided to return to the orphanage, by herself, and will be volunteering […]

The post Xmas Comes to Belize Orphanage appeared first on Volunteer Abroad News.


          141: Multimediography        
Ron goes to Belize...photographers harassed by the fuzz...and Fred thinks crop sensors are dead...well, eventually.
          The Recaps: Breaking Bad "Confessions"        

So far this season has been all about the relatively non-violent confrontations that started with Hank and Walt meeting in the garage in the premiere, Marie and Skylar at the White residence and now the public meeting at Garduños - along with Jesse and Walt's meeting in the desert. Each made a point to prove the tension between its characters is far more potent than the violence - assuming no one will kill their others. Let's look at each confrontation by themselves.

Confessions

Since establishing their positions in the past two episodes, it makes sense that the four members of the White/Schrader clan would meet in a local restaurant - with table side guac that they make at the table. The White's wearing the blandest, most conservative of beige's while Hank and Marie donned their darkest black's and purples as a clever play on the classic white vs. black hat heroes and villains of classic westerns. After Dean and Marie refusing the White's request to back off because it's all over - not to mention Marie saying she'd consider it if Walt sent himself to Belize -  Walt drops the last hammer, a confession saying Hank forced him to cook meth, making full use of the sympathies granted to cancer victims.

"Breaking Bad," is known for using even the smallest of story threads to their end though it's use of Walt and Skylar funding Hank's physical therapy seems to be the least likely to have been planned since Season 3. While it doesn't help that Marie took the money, I would imagine - with an understanding of our justice system at a third-grade level - that the Schrader's would have some level of plausible deniability. Also, if Hank was running a meth operation, wouldn't he have the money to pay for it himself of which he would grant Walt access for this purpose?

Either way, Hank and Marie's viewing party as both the audience and the Schrader's learn the true nature of Walt's "Confession" is the standout that tops both the Garduños and desert meeting. Seeing the couple's different reactions - Marie's terror, Hank's Anger - is as telling about Hank's control as much as their personality. Admittedly, Marie is still coming to terms with Hank's true colors.

Less surprising was the re-emergence of Walt poisoning Brock at the end of season 4. In my first recap of the final eight, I incorrectly guessed that Hank's discovery drove him to wreck the White house never seeing that their were two revelations - the other being the discovery that Walt let Jane die - that would drive Jesse into pure madness.

With Jesse dumping champagne over the White residence and Todd getting back into the meth game, it's only a matter of time before Heisenberg has to off someone. With his confession likely putting any meetings with Hank and Marie on hold, leaving Jesse, Todd, Saul and Lydia as his only options. The peace has to come to an end sooner or later.


          The Recaps: Breaking Bad - "Buried"        

Hey, this is a recap so there are spoilers for this week's  episode and past seasons of “Breaking Bad” so if you haven’t seen every episode, catch-up and come back (sorry for the delay).

It's no surprise that "Buried," doesn't pack the dramatic-punch of "Blood Money." Tonally, it was the true "first episode" of this half-season where the show readjusted for the direction and character dynamics of these final episodes. This marked by the opening scene where the old man stumbles on the money Jesse started throwing out of his car to then find Jesse back in his trance only to disappear until the final scene - much like the kid from the train robbery. Having is conversation with Hank pushed till next week was a welcomed contrast to last week's showdown.

20130819-075225.jpg

As for those new dynamics, its even more clear this is going to be as much Hank and Marie's season as it is Hank, Skylar and Jesse as was truly evident in the focus on Hank and Marie's drive home from the White house. They have also taken the active role with a clear goal for the season whereas Walt and Skylar's path are now a mystery, though that's been one of the more compelling mysteries of this season.

Also slowing things down, Walt spent the majority of the episode digging holes for the storage locker money which is great because we needed to get up to speed on everyone else - except for Walt Jr./Flynn who was absent from this episode. Skylar, could have gone a number of ways when Hank confronted her with his discovery. Kudos to Anna Gunn who kept her intentions well hidden during her conversation with hank all through to the her home visit from Marie. With the reputation Skylar has built with fans as a nucience to Walt's empire building, it's surprising she didn't drop Hank entirely. Then again, if I had a enough cash for Scrooge McDuck's jacuzzi, I'd play the Tammy Wynette role as well.

We also caught up with Lydia who is set on fixing her own problems by any means necessary, even if it mean's hiring Todd's uncle and friend's to send her current crew on an all-inclusive, one-way trip to Belize. Aside from pleasantly surprising fact that Jesse Plemmons has had one of the successful careers of the Dillon Alumni, it was important that we caught up with him after he was absent last week. While I would have loved to see him nearly set the the train-car lab ablaze played to comedic effect, I'm sure we'll see him continue add at least one more tear tattoo this year.

"Blood Money," was an incredible hour of television and post script to last season but now were in full new season mode. Six episodes isn't a a lot of time but its more than enough to allow us to reevaluate and recalibrate to the storylines of the season beyond "the end."


          Hány ország van a földön?        
Elég gyakran felmerülő földrajzi kérdés, hogy tulajdonképpen hány ország van a földön, másként hány ország van a világon? Természetesen ezt nehéz pontosan megállapítani, hiszen ahogyan a történelmet figyelemmel kísérjük, rengeteg állam jött és jön is létre az évszázadok, olykor évtizedek alatt, éppen úgy, ahogyan egyesek megszűnnek vagy integrálódnak más országokba.

A legelfogadottabb és legmegbízhatóbb adatok szerint a világ jelenleg 196 országot különböztet meg bolygónkon.

Ezt az adatot, más megbízható adatok is alátámasztják, melyek jól feltérképezik a világ országait és ezzel együtt arra is rámutat, hogy mely országokat nem ismer el az adott szervezet, tehát kvázi mely országokat hagyja ki a számításából.

Ilyen például az Egyesült Nemzetek Szervezete (ENSZ), angol nevén United Nations, melynek 193 tagja van. Ellentétben a gyakori tévhittel, ez a szám nem reprezentálja a földön található összes országot. Nyilván való, hogy vannak az ENSZ-től elkülönülő független országok, ilyen például a Vatikán és Koszovó.

Az Egyesült Államok külügyminisztériuma 195 országot különböztet meg a világon. Ez a lista viszont politikai okokból nem ismeri el különálló országként Taiwant, mely 1971-ig az ENSZ-nek is tagja volt.

Érdemes megemlíteni a témával kapcsolatban, hogy vannak olyan tartományok, régiók, melyek bár a köztudatban gyakran országként jelennek meg, valójában nem rendelkeznek a független állam címével, illetve bizonyos irányítási szerepet más ország gyakorolja felettük. Erre kiváló példa Észak-Írország, Skócia, Wales, Anglia.

Biztosak vagyunk benne, hogy néhány olvasónkat egészen konkrétan érdekli, hogy mely országok tartoznak a nagy 196-os listába, ezért elkészítettük a listát az országokhoz tartozó fővárosokkal. Ne tévesszen meg senkit, hogy egy országhoz adott esetben több főváros is tartozik. Bizonyos országok több főváros kijelölésével oldják meg közigazgatási ügyintézésüket.

Afganisztán - Kabul
Albánia - Tirane
Algéria - Algiers
Andorra - Andorra la Vella
Angola - Luanda
Antigua és Barbuda - Saint John's
Argentína - Buenos Aires
Örményország - Yerevan
Ausztrália - Canberra
Ausztria - Vienna
Azerbajdzsán - Baku
Bahamák - Nassau
Bahrein - Manama
Banglades - Dhaka
Barbados - Bridgetown
Fehéroroszország - Minsk
Belgium - Brussels
Belize - Belmopan
Benin - Porto-Novo
Bhután - Thimphu
Bolívia - La Paz (közigazgatási); Sucre (bírói)
Bosznia és Hercegovina - Sarajevo
Botswana - Gaborone
Brazília - Brasilia
Brunei - Bandar Seri Begawan
Bulgária - Sofia
Burkina Faso - Ouagadougou
Burundi - Bujumbura
Kambodzsa - Phnom Penh
Kamerun - Yaounde
Kanada - Ottawa
Zöld-foki-szigetek - Praia
Közép-afrikai Köztársaság - Bangui
Csád - N'Djamena
Chile - Santiago
Kína - Beijing
Kolumbia - Bogota
Comore-szigetek - Moroni
Kongói Köztársaság - Brazzaville
Kongói Demokratikus Köztársaság - Kinshasa
Costa Rica - San Jose
Cote d'Ivoire - Yamoussoukro (hivatalos); Abidjan (tényleges)
Horvátország - Zagreb
Kuba - Havana
Ciprus - Nicosia
Cseh Köztársaság - Prague
Dánia - Copenhagen
Dzsibuti - Djibouti
Dominika - Roseau
Dominikai Köztársaság - Santo Domingo
Kelet-Timor (Timor-Leste) - Dili
Ecuador - Quito
Egyiptom - Cairo
El Salvador - San Salvador
Egyenlítői Guinea - Malabo
Eritrea - Asmara
Észtország - Tallinn
Etiópia - Addis Ababa
Fidzsi - Suva
Finnország - Helsinki
Franciaország - Paris
Gabon - Libreville
Gambia - Banjul
Grúzia - Tbilisi
Németország - Berlin
Ghána - Accra
Görögország - Athens
Grenada - Saint George's
Guatemala - Guatemala City
Guinea - Conakry
Bissau-Guinea - Bissau
Guyana - Georgetown
Haiti - Port-au-Prince
Honduras - Tegucigalpa
Magyarország - Budapest
Izland - Reykjavik
India - New Delhi
Indonézia - Jakarta
Irán - Tehran
Irak - Baghdad
Írország - Dublin
Izrael - Jerusalem
Olaszország - Rome
Jamaica - Kingston
Japán - Tokyo
Jordánia - Amman
Kazahsztán - Astana
Kenya - Nairobi
Kiribati - Tarawa Atoll
Észak-Korea - Pyongyang
Dél-Korea - Seoul
Koszovó - Pristina
Kuvait - Kuwait City
Kirgizisztán - Bishkek
Laosz - Vientiane
Lettország - Riga
Libanon - Beirut
Lesotho - Maseru
Libéria - Monrovia
Líbia - Tripoli
Liechtenstein - Vaduz
Litvánia - Vilnius
Luxemburg - Luxembourg
Macedónia - Skopje
Madagaszkár - Antananarivo
Malawi - Lilongwe
Malajzia - Kuala Lumpur
Maldív-szigetek - Male
Mali - Bamako
Málta - Valletta
Marshall-szigetek - Majuro
Mauritánia - Nouakchott
Mauritius - Port Louis
Mexikó - Mexico City
Mikronéziai Szövetségi Államok - Palikir
Moldova - Chisinau
Monaco - Monaco
Mongólia - Ulaanbaatar
Montenegró - Podgorica
Marokkó - Rabat
Mozambik - Maputo
Mianmar (Burma) - Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw or Nay Pyi Taw (közigazgatási)
Namíbia - Windhoek
Nauru - Nincs hivatalos főváros; A kormányzat Yaren tartományban található
Nepál - Kathmandu
Hollandia - Amsterdam; The Hague (a kormányzat helye)
Új-Zéland - Wellington
Nicaragua - Managua
Niger - Niamey
Nigéria - Abuja
Norvégia - Oslo
Omán - Muscat
Pakisztán - Islamabad
Palau - Melekeok
Panama - Panama City
Pápua Új-Guinea - Port Moresby
Paraguay - Asuncion
Peru - Lima
Fülöp-szigetek - Manila
Lengyelország - Warsaw
Portugália - Lisbon
Katar - Doha
Románia - Bucharest
Oroszország - Moscow
Ruanda - Kigali
Saint Kitts és Nevis - Basseterre
Santa Lucia - Castries
Saint Vincent és és a Grenadine-szigetek - Kingstown
Szamoa - Apia
San Marino - San Marino
São Tomé és Príncipe - Sao Tome
Szaúd-Arábia - Riyadh
Szenegál - Dakar
Szerbia - Belgrade
Seychelle-szigetek - Victoria
Sierra Leone - Freetown
Szingapúr - Singapore
Szlovákia - Bratislava
Szlovénia - Ljubljana
Salamon-szigetek - Honiara
Szomália - Mogadishu
Dél-Afrika - Pretoria (közigazgatási); Cape Town (törvényhozói); Bloemfontein (bírósági)
Dél-Szudán - Juba (Áthelyezve Ramciel-be)
Spanyolország - Madrid
Srí Lanka - Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (törvényhozói)
Szudán - Khartoum
Suriname - Paramaribo
Szváziföld - Mbabane
Svédország - Stockholm
Svájc - Bern
Szíria - Damascus
Tajvan - Taipei
Tádzsikisztán - Dushanbe
Tanzánia - Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (törvényhozói)
Thaiföld - Bangkok
Togo - Lome
Tonga - Nuku'alofa
Trinidad és Tobago - Port-of-Spain
Tunézia - Tunis
Törökország - Ankara
Türkmenisztán - Ashgabat
Tuvalu - Vaiaku village, Funafuti province
Uganda - Kampala
Ukrajna - Kyiv
Egyesült Arab Emírségek - Abu Dhabi
Egyesült Királyság - London
Egyesült Államok - Washington D.C.
Uruguay - Montevideo
Üzbegisztán - Tashkent
Vanuatu - Port-Vila
Vatikán (Vatikánváros) (Holy See) - Vatican City
Venezuela - Caracas
Vietnam - Hanoi
Jemen - Sanaa
Zambia - Lusaka
Zimbabwe - Harare

          vendo casino con hotel - $ 45,000,000        
Vendo casino con hotel, tipo las vegas, en la zona libre de Belize, frontera con la capital de Quintana, Roo, Mexico, tiene el hotel completamente terminado, so...
          The Origin of the Word Gringo...        

We have heard lots of plausible origins of the word Gringo, this is the best one we've heard so far.

In surfing the net I came across a slightly different explanation for the word “gringo” that I had never heard before. Interestingly enough while the word is decidedly of Mexican origin the explanation I found was on a Belize site. Belize being located on the south western side of México on the Yucatan peninsula has obviously adopted the use of the word “gringo” as well. 


          Western Caribbean Cruise Shore Excursion        
Most Western Caribbean cruises stop for a day in Roatan, either at Mahogany Bay or Port of Roatan, depending upon the cruise line. When you choose your Roatan shore excursion, you want to make sure you’ll have a fun-filled day taking advantage of Roatan’s beautiful island environment. So come join us at Jolly Roger Roatan Sailing and Snorkeling with Lunch! Where is Roatan? Roatan is the southernmost port for Western Caribbean cruises. Many stop in Mexico and Belize, and then come to Roatan before heading back toward the U.S. Roatan is located off the coast of Honduras and is surrounded [Read More]
          Comment on Houston to Belize for $100 O/W ($263 R/T) nonstop [United] by Houston to Belize for $100 O/W ($263 R/T) nonstop [United] | My Blog        
[…] Houston to Belize for $100 O/W ($263 R/T) nonstop [United] […]
          By: now i see        
I DONT KNOW WHY YOU CALL BELIZE THE JEWEL, THAT MAKES ME SO MAD. MAYBE THE UNPOLISH JEWEL.
          European Commission issues "black list" of 30 "tax havens"        


Action Plan on Corporate Taxation

On 17 June 2015, the Commission adopted an Action Planpdf Choose translations of the previous link for fair and efficient corporate taxation in the EU.
The Action Plan sets to reform the corporate tax framework in the EU, in order to tackle tax abuse, ensure sustainable revenues and support a better business environment in the Single Market.
See the timelinepdf. 

5 Key Areas for Action have been identified:

1. Re-launching the Common Consolidated Corporate Tax Base (CCCTB)
2. Ensuring fair taxation where profits are generated
3. Creating a better business environment
4. Increasing transparency
5. Improving EU coordination 
map of non-cooperative tax jurisdictions has also been published, in a move to reinforce the EU's response to external threats to Member States' tax bases.
The Commission also adopted a decision to prolong the Platform on Tax Good Governance, and revise its scope and working methods.
For further information


The map was drawn up on the basis of work done by the Platform for Tax Good Governance and the information provided by EU Member States.

Top 30 listed countries: Andorra, Liechtenstein, Guernsey, Monaco, Mauritius, Liberia, Seychelles, Brunei, Hong Kong, Maldives, Cook Islands, Nauru, Niue, Marshall Islands, Vanuatu, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, Panama, St Vincent and the Grenadines, St Kitts and Nevis, Turks and Caicos, US Virgin Islands.

Panama is listed by Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Spain.

Full text in the European Commission website http://ec.europa.eu/





          By: gunnman        
@ storm get up off yuh fat triangle .... an get wah life an stop di bawl bout di jewel weh u di contribute 2 it r u sending money 2 fix street an give ghetto youths food an clothes den yuh could talk bout weh need fi happen inna di jewel @rod dey suh hang yuh ma fi nuh teach yuh mek jah jah duh di judging of man unu should be ashame fi call unu self belizean
          Brides Magazine USA | Courtney & Peter’s Destination Weddings        
Destination-Wedding-Photographer

So honoured to see Courtney & Peter’s two destination weddings published in the latest issue of Brides Magazine USA! Courtney and Peter held two incredible destination weddings in London and Belize, flying in from New York to get married at St Paul’s Cathedral, followed by a Belizean celebration the following month on their family dock […]

The post Brides Magazine USA | Courtney & Peter’s Destination Weddings appeared first on Destination Wedding Photographer | Catherine Mead Photography.


          EOL Traitbank JSON-LD is broken        

Follow eol on twitterOne of the most interesting aspects of EOL is "TraitBank", which has been described in a recent paper:

Cynthia S. Parr, Katja S. Schulz, Jennifer Hammock, Nathan Wilson, Patrick Leary, Jeremy Rice, & Robert J. Corrigan. (2016). TraitBank: Practical semantics for organism attribute data. Semantic Web, 7(6), 577–588. https://doi.org/10.3233/SW-150190

TraitBank is available in JSON-LD, and so is potentially part of the Semantic Web. Unfortunately, the JSON-LD provided by TraitBank is broken, to the point that it's hard to believe that anyone's actually consuming the JSON-LD. I know that Google is using EOL data for their knowledge panels, but anyone using TraitBank JSON-LD in a semantic web client is going to run into problems.

First off, let's look at the example provided in the above paper, http://eol.org/api/traits/328067 which returns data for Potos flavus.

{ "@context": { "@vocab": "http://schema.org/", "dwc:taxonID": { "@type": "@id" }, "dwc:resourceID": { "@type": "@id" }, "dwc:relatedResourceID": { "@type": "@id" }, "dwc:relationshipOfResource": { "@type": "@id" }, "dwc:vernacularName": { "@container": "@language" }, "eol:associationType": { "@type": "@id" }, "rdfs:label": { "@container": "@language" }, "dc": "http://purl.org/dc/terms/", "dwc": "http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/", "eolterms": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/", "eol": "http://eol.org/schema/", "rdfs": "http://www.w3.org/2000/01/rdf-schema#", "gbif": "http://rs.gbif.org/terms/1.0/", "foaf": "http://xmlns.com/foaf/0.1/" }, "@type": "DataFeedItem", "dateModified": "2016-09-30", "item": { "@id": 328067, "@type": "dwc:Taxon", "scientificName": "Potos flavus (Schreber, 1774)", "dwc:taxonRank": "species", "dwc:parentNameUsageID": "http://eol.org/pages/14191", "potentialAction": { "@type": "EntryPoint", "target": { "@type": "Related", "url": "http://eol.org/pages/328067", "actionPlatform": [ "http://schema.org/DesktopWebPlatform", "http://schema.org/IOSPlatform", "http://schema.org/AndroidPlatform" ] } }, "sameAs": [ "http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/41679", "http://genomics.senescence.info/species/entry.php?species=Potos_flavus", "http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Potos_flavus", "http://www.biolib.cz/en/taxon/id1790/", "http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/41679", "http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Potos+flavus", "http://www.eco-index.org/search/keyword_complete.cfm?keyword=Potos flavus", "http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?seq_num=31541&one=T", "http://www.conabio.gob.mx/conocimiento/ise/fichasnom/Potosflavus00.pdf", "http://darnis.inbio.ac.cr/ubis/FMPro?-DB=UBIPUB.fp3&-lay=WebAll&-error=norec.html&-Format=detail.html&-Op=eq&-Find=&id=1689", "http://lod.taxonconcept.org/ses/2mOvV.html", "http://neotropnathistory.lifedesks.org/pages/45271", "http://www.boldsystems.org/index.php/Taxbrowser_Taxonpage?taxid=73392", "http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/details/species/id/6902599", "http://www.catalogueoflife.org/annual-checklist/details/species/id/6902599", "http://genomics.senescence.info/species/entry.php?species=Potos_flavus", "http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=621964", "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kinkajou", "http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/41679", "http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Info&id=29067", "http://eol.org/pages/328067", "http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Potos_flavus/" ], "vernacularNames": [ { "@language": "af", "@value": "rolbeer", "gbif:isPreferredName": true }, { "@language": "af", "@value": "rolstaartbeer" }, { "@language": "de", "@value": "wickelbär", "gbif:isPreferredName": true }, { "@language": "en", "@value": "Kinkajou", "gbif:isPreferredName": true }, { "@language": "en", "@value": "honey bear" }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Ak' a' mash", "gbif:isPreferredName": true }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Chosna" }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Cusu" }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Martilla" }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Martucha" }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Mico de noche" }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Mico león" }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Mono michi" }, { "@language": "es", "@value": "Perro de monte" }, { "@language": "fi", "@value": "Kinkaju", "gbif:isPreferredName": true }, { "@language": "fr", "@value": "Kinkajou, Singe de nuit", "gbif:isPreferredName": true }, { "@language": "nl", "@value": "rolstaartbeer", "gbif:isPreferredName": true }, { "@language": "nl", "@value": "nachtaap" }, { "@language": "pt-BR", "@value": "Jupará", "gbif:isPreferredName": true } ], "traits": [ { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_949469", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/basalmetrate113", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "metabolic rate", "dwc:measurementType": "http://www.owl-ontologies.com/unnamed.owl#Metabolic_rate", "value": "731.33", "units": "mL/hr O2", "eol:dataPointId": 949469, "http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001259": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/metratemass113", "dc:source": "Data set supplied by Kate E. Jones. The data can also be accessed at Ecological Archives E090-184-D1, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/PanTHERIA_1-0_WR05_Aug2008.txt", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.", "dwc:measurementMethod": "Basal metabolic rate was measured when individual(s) were experiencing neither heat nor cold stress (i.e. are in their thermoneutral zone); are resting and calm; and are post–absorptive (are not digesting or absorbing a meal) and data were only accepted where there was also a measure of body mass for the same individual(s). Based on information from primary and secondary literature sources. This value represents a single measure of central tendency for this species. See source for details.", "eolterms:statisticalMethod": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/average", "dwc:measurementValue": "731.33", "dwc:measurementUnit": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/mlO2perhour", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_46140963", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/737/measurements/e5775a49cc4bbe3f3ae5c391776a467a", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "population trend", "dwc:measurementType": "http://iucn.org/population_trend", "value": "Decreasing", "eol:dataPointId": 46140963, "dc:source": "http://eol.org/resources/737", "dwc:measurementValue": "Decreasing", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus (Schreber, 1774)", "eolterms:resource": "http://eol.org/resources/737" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_46140962", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/737/measurements/25c8b74374d04260b047bd57570e094b", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "habitat", "dwc:measurementType": "http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat", "value": "terrestrial habitat", "eol:dataPointId": 46140962, "dc:source": "http://eol.org/resources/737", "dwc:measurementValue": "http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002009", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus (Schreber, 1774)", "eolterms:resource": "http://eol.org/resources/737" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_949459", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/maxlongevity138", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "total life span", "dwc:measurementType": "http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001661", "value": "348", "units": "months", "eol:dataPointId": 949459, "dc:source": "Data set supplied by Kate E. Jones. The data can also be accessed at Ecological Archives E090-184-D1, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/PanTHERIA_1-0_WR05_Aug2008.txt", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.", "dwc:measurementMethod": "Maximum adult age measured either through direct observation, capture-recapture estimates, projected from physical wear or unspecified, using captive, wild, provisioned, or unspecified populations; male, female, or sex unspecified individuals; primary, secondary, or extrapolated sources; in all localities. See source for details.", "eolterms:statisticalMethod": "http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001114", "dwc:measurementValue": "348", "dwc:measurementUnit": "http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000035", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_949460", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/littersperyear728", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "litters per year", "dwc:measurementType": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/LittersPerYear", "value": "1", "eol:dataPointId": 949460, "dc:source": "Data set supplied by Kate E. Jones. The data can also be accessed at Ecological Archives E090-184-D1, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/PanTHERIA_1-0_WR05_Aug2008.txt", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.", "dwc:measurementMethod": "Number of litters per female per year using non-captive, wild, provisioned, or unspecified populations; male, female, or sex unspecified individuals; primary, secondary, or extrapolated sources; all measures of central tendency; in all localities. See source for details.", "eolterms:statisticalMethod": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/average", "dwc:measurementValue": "1", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus", "dwc:sex": "http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000383" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_949461", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/littersize1554", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "clutch/brood/litter size", "dwc:measurementType": "http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/VT_0001933", "value": "1.11", "eol:dataPointId": 949461, "dc:source": "Data set supplied by Kate E. Jones. The data can also be accessed at Ecological Archives E090-184-D1, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/PanTHERIA_1-0_WR05_Aug2008.txt", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.", "dwc:measurementMethod": "Number of offspring born per litter per female, either counted before birth, at birth or after birth, using captive, wild, provisioned, or unspecified populations; male, female, or sex unspecified individuals; primary, secondary, or extrapolated sources; all measures of central tendency; in all localities. See source for details.", "eolterms:statisticalMethod": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/average", "dwc:measurementValue": "1.11", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_949462", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/interbirthinterval291", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "inter-birth interval", "dwc:measurementType": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/InterBirthInterval", "value": "365", "units": "days", "eol:dataPointId": 949462, "dc:source": "Data set supplied by Kate E. Jones. The data can also be accessed at Ecological Archives E090-184-D1, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/PanTHERIA_1-0_WR05_Aug2008.txt", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.", "dwc:measurementMethod": "The length of time between successive births of the same female(s) after a successful or unspecified litter using non-captive, wild, provisioned, or unspecified populations; primary, secondary, or extrapolated sources; all measures of central tendency; in all localities. See source for details.", "eolterms:statisticalMethod": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/average", "dwc:measurementValue": "365", "dwc:measurementUnit": "http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/UO_0000033", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus", "dwc:sex": "http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000383" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_949463", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/grmaxlat1392", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "latitude", "dwc:measurementType": "http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000319", "value": "23.72", "units": "decimal degrees", "eol:dataPointId": 949463, "dc:source": "Data set supplied by Kate E. Jones. The data can also be accessed at Ecological Archives E090-184-D1, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/PanTHERIA_1-0_WR05_Aug2008.txt", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.", "dwc:measurementMethod": "Digital geographic range maps of all extant, non-marine mammals from Sechrest (2003) were converted to the Wilson and Reeder (2005) taxonomy. These ranges were used to generate measures of geographic range extent and occupancy. Spatial analyses were performed using ArcGIS (version 9.0) (ESRI 2005) for areas and R (R Development Core Team 2005) for geographic coordinates. Value calculated using a global geographic projection.", "eolterms:statisticalMethod": "http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001114", "dwc:measurementValue": "23.72", "dwc:measurementUnit": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/decimaldegrees", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_949464", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/midrangelong3692", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "longitude", "dwc:measurementType": "http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318", "value": "-68.67", "units": "decimal degrees", "eol:dataPointId": 949464, "dc:source": "Data set supplied by Kate E. Jones. The data can also be accessed at Ecological Archives E090-184-D1, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/PanTHERIA_1-0_WR05_Aug2008.txt", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.", "dwc:measurementMethod": "Digital geographic range maps of all extant, non-marine mammals from Sechrest (2003) were converted to the Wilson and Reeder (2005) taxonomy. These ranges were used to generate measures of geographic range extent and occupancy. Spatial analyses were performed using ArcGIS (version 9.0) (ESRI 2005) for areas and R (R Development Core Team 2005) for geographic coordinates. Value calculated using a global geographic projection.", "eolterms:statisticalMethod": "http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001110", "dwc:measurementValue": "-68.67", "dwc:measurementUnit": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/decimaldegrees", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_949465", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/704/measurements/grminlong4209", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "longitude", "dwc:measurementType": "http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_000318", "value": "-102.55", "units": "decimal degrees", "eol:dataPointId": 949465, "dc:source": "Data set supplied by Kate E. Jones. The data can also be accessed at Ecological Archives E090-184-D1, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/, http://esapubs.org/archive/ecol/E090/184/PanTHERIA_1-0_WR05_Aug2008.txt", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "Kate E. Jones, Jon Bielby, Marcel Cardillo, Susanne A. Fritz, Justin O'Dell, C. David L. Orme, Kamran Safi, Wes Sechrest, Elizabeth H. Boakes, Chris Carbone, Christina Connolly, Michael J. Cutts, Janine K. Foster, Richard Grenyer, Michael Habib, Christopher A. Plaster, Samantha A. Price, Elizabeth A. Rigby, Janna Rist, Amber Teacher, Olaf R. P. Bininda-Emonds, John L. Gittleman, Georgina M. Mace, and Andy Purvis. 2009. PanTHERIA: a species-level database of life history, ecology, and geography of extant and recently extinct mammals. Ecology 90:2648.", "dwc:measurementMethod": "Digital geographic range maps of all extant, non-marine mammals from Sechrest (2003) were converted to the Wilson and Reeder (2005) taxonomy. These ranges were used to generate measures of geographic range extent and occupancy. Spatial analyses were performed using ArcGIS (version 9.0) (ESRI 2005) for areas and R (R Development Core Team 2005) for geographic coordinates. Value calculated using a global geographic projection.", "eolterms:statisticalMethod": "http://semanticscience.org/resource/SIO_001113", "dwc:measurementValue": "-102.55", "dwc:measurementUnit": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/decimaldegrees", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus" }, { "@id": "http://eol.org/pages/328067/data#data_point_45346815", "eol:traitUri": "http://eol.org/resources/976/measurements/m_00269876", "@type": "dwc:MeasurementOrFact", "predicate": "geographic distribution includes", "dwc:measurementType": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/Present", "value": "Southern Mesoamerican Pacific mangroves", "eol:dataPointId": 45346815, "dc:source": "http://www.worldwildlife.org/publications/wildfinder-database", "dc:bibliographicCitation": "World Wildlife Fund. 2006. WildFinder: Online database of species distributions, ver. Jan-06. www.worldwildlife.org/WildFinder", "dwc:measurementValue": "http://eol.org/schema/terms/Southern_Mesoamerican_Pacific_mangroves", "dwc:scientificName": "Potos flavus", "dc:contributor": "Compiler: Sarah Miller", "dwc:measurementRemarks": "Biome: Mangroves

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          By: Marko        
More of this type of operation needs to be carried out all over Belize. Clean our country up so that we can once again feel safe. Bring back hanging and crack a few necks of murderers,flogging for sex crimes and hard labor sentences for stealing. Great job by the Coast Guard and BDF!! As to the criminals that were killed three less for tax payers to feed. In a poor nation like Belize there should be no three strikes and we'll feed you till you die. Three strikes and you're out... the price of one cartridge. Corrupt law enforcement and politicians also need to be held accountable they are the worst of the worst.
          By: jesse        
I dont hear nothing about_rules of engagement-i guess belize dont have none,thats what the diff is between us US soldiers and the central american wana be soldiers!
          By: Storm        
The content and number of these comments seems to prove what we all know -- most Belizeans support the security forces and want more and more success for them. We're all the victims of the few evil people who are like a cancer on the nation. I especially agree with Al -- I support a strong three strikes law to put the worst criminals away until they die. Good riddance to bad rubbish. And Islander is right, too -- it's obvious even to visitors to la Isla Bonita that criminals are open for business from north to south. It's becoming an ugly and dangerous place, and pretty soon word will spread through the tourist world.
          By: geo        
well done to Belize coast gaurd indeed, but it seems as tho you guys are still not going for the right person. i mean why continue to go after the little petty criminals hiding in the jungle waiting for a bail or two to float by. why not just target there ring leader and see what they stand againts after that, i mean he isn't that hard to find and he's well known to the police.
          By: tiffany        
well done, well done!!!! this had better be a warning to any and all who are involved in unscrupulous crimes in belize!! shoot to kill meh say!
          By: Al        
This name is familiar, the same names are heard over and over in cases of Gang violence. Belize needs a three strike law. If you are arrested and charged with a crime that is a felony two times the third time the jail sentence could be life. Clean up the streets. I applaud the security forces and thank God none of them were killed.
          By: Belizean        
Rod be happy youre not shot by these guys!! Come on, be positive! This is great. Im very impressed that our own security forces have shown fearlessness in the face of death. If Rod decides to slap his wife, well, then I say maybe she should call barrow and tell him its his fault
          Belize Audubon Society Hosts 47th Annual General Meeting        
Belize Audubon Society Hosts 47th Annual General Meeting
          Belize’s First Community Bird Guides Recognized        
P R E S S       R E L E A S E   Belize’s First “Community Bird Guides” recognized Belize City, Belize, December 7th, 2015 — Belize Audubon Society in Partnership with National Audubon Society and Multilateral Investment Fund (MIF), a member of the Inter-American Development Bank group (IDB) recognized forty five (45) community Bird Guides in a ceremony Friday December 4th, 2015 at Monkey Bay Wildlife Sanctuary. The successful graduates completed a five weeks course entitled “Basic Bird Guide Training” to prepare them for bird guiding as a means of income generation at the local level around three targeted protected areas co-managed by Belize Audubon Society – Crooked Tree Wildlife Sanctuary, Cockscomb Basin Wildlife Sanctuary and St. Herman’s Blue Hole National Park. The event served as recognition of successfully completing the course and to introduce the graduates to the Bird-Based Tourism market in Belize. The 10 top performers of the training were recognized at the ceremony and were awarded scholarships to complete the BTB’s National Tour Guide training program. Overall top performer was Jorge Eduardo Ruano. He received a two months bird exposure internship in the USA for his outstanding performance, this is being funded by the National Audubon […]
          Partnership to Save The Endangered Scarlet Macaw        
National Audubon Society and Belize Audubon Society Help Protect Belize’s Endangered Scarlet Macaw with the Scarlet Six Biomonitoring Team The National Audubon Society has been a strong partner and supporter of the Belize Audubon Society for almost a decade. Conservation is the central pillar for this partnership which has truly benefited both people and the environment of Belize. More recently, National Audubon has provided funding to strengthen Belize Audubon Society’s co-managed protected areas by supporting its community outreach, environmental education, protected areas management, and biodiversity research and monitoring programs. They have also provided training opportunities for staff.  To show its commitment to the success of conservation actions in Belize, National Audubon Society has chimed in to champion the work of the Scarlet Six Biomonitoring Team whose mandate is to protect the Scarlet Macaws (Ara macao) and other endangered species in their natural habitat. This charismatic species is described as ‘endangered’ in Belize (Meerman 2005) with less than 250 individuals (Matola 1999). The northern subspecies A.m. cyanoptera, which has declined significantly, disjunctly ranges from northeastern Nicaragua to southern Mexico. Historically, the individuals found in the northern part of the range (Mexico, Guatemala, and Belize) were a single, unique population. Today however, […]
          The Victoria Peak Challenge 2015        
Every year a cadre of calls stream into the BAS office in anticipation and preparation of the Victoria Peak season. This year was no different, a total of 20 groups, 168 individuals, were able to successfully summit the majestic Victoria Peak. Taking on the challenge this year was Dr. Henry Anderson, a former Belize Defence Force soldier and author of “The Son of Kinich” and “Sisimito”. Though he did not reach the summit, Dr. Anderson was pleased to revisit the jungle and relive a journey that started many years ago when he was young BDF soldier. Dr. Anderson has contributed an account of his journey and the history behind his desire to take on the Victoria Peak challenge. Please enjoy his captivating story entitled “Journeys of The Jaguar Warrior”. JOURNEYS OF THE JAGUAR WARRIOR. (Prepared for the Belize Audubon Society)   EXPEDITION BOLD I  It was early on the morning of Holy Thursday, March 30, 1972, that the late Melvyn Hulse Sr. dropped us off at Alabama Village in the Stann Creek District. We were about to attempt a journey and everyone thought we were absolutely crazy. We were undertaking Expedition Bold, an attempt to climb Victoria Peak. The expedition was […]
          By: michael        
Gasper should be immediately remove from place corrupt, they should TAKE Land and if they want pay full price like any Normal And Hardworking BELIZEAN
          By: Belizean        
AGREE WITH YOU "RICH KID" Its probably such a trivial matter and now its blown out of proportion
          The First Peoples Narrative in Trinidad and Tobago        
The First Peoples narrative

Originally published here
By Bridget Brereton
November 5, 2014


In my last few pieces, I’ve been writing about different narratives of T&T’s history—last time I looked at the Chinese-Trinidadian narrative.
 
There’s another old/new narrative of our past which is rightfully gaining much more public recognition these days. This is the Amerindian or First Peoples narrative, which puts the indigenous (aboriginal) inhabitants of the two islands at the centre.

A magazine type supplement was published by the Lloyd Best Institute of the West Indies and printed by the Express last month, in connection with the First Peoples Heritage Week 2014. Its several essays provide an in-depth version of the narrative. The authors include community leaders like Ricardo Bharath Hernandez and Rabina Shar, historians or archaeologists (the late Peter Harris and Angelo Bissessarsingh), and younger activists like Tracy Assing, who made the excellent film The Amerindians in 2010.

The narrative has a political (not party politics) agenda: to write the First Peoples back into the national (and regional) story. For too long, the “extinction narrative” has prevailed in T&T and the Caribbean islands (not in Guyana or Belize). This insists that all the Amerindians were “wiped out”, they “disappeared”, and they are no longer part of the living history of these islands. (As someone who has written about T&T’s history, I am as guilty as anyone).

This “extinction narrative” was linked to an argument about “purity”: No “pure” Amerindian descendants have existed in T&T since the 1800s, and mixed-race people with surnames like Bharath or Assing have no right to claim indigenous identity. We need only to think about the nature of T&T’s present-day population to see how ridiculous this argument is.

It’s the group led by Bharath Hernandez, originally called the Santa Rosa Carib Community and more recently renamed the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community, which has done the most over many years to insist that the story of our indigenous peoples is the foundation of the nation’s (and region’s) existence. And, more than that, to insist there are still thousands of people in T&T today who are descended from those peoples, even if they don’t (yet) know it. There is also a newer organisation, the Elders Council of the Warao Community, which is based in the south and represents the Warao people.

In 2005, Canadian anthropologist Maximilian Forte published an excellent book with a very long, typically academic title: Ruins of Absence, Presence of Caribs: (Post) Colonial Representations of Aboriginality in T&T. This book narrated the history of the islands’ Amerindians during the colonial period, and documented the efforts of the Santa Rosa Carib Community to claim indigenous identity and to seek greater public recognition for the people it spoke for.

Of course this is an academic work, with a limited readership, so the supplement published last month, with its short, simply written essays, is very welcome. Hopefully, it introduced many readers to the First Peoples narrative of the nation’s history, and informed them about the efforts being made to raise public awareness of our indigenous heritage.

Speaking at the launch of First Peoples Heritage Week last month, President Anthony Carmona called it a “statement of resilience” and expressed a “sense of pride in history emanating from them” (the representatives of the First Peoples). Past wrongs can’t be altered, he noted, but we can influence the present and future. (Sunday Express 12 October).

It’s important to understand and support the multi-faceted movement to ensure our First Peoples are re-inserted into the historical narrative of T&T. The statement from the Ministry of National Diversity and Social Integration (co-sponsors of the Heritage Week along with the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community), “The foundation of our society is built on the legacy of our First Peoples”, should be taken seriously.

          Yurumein (Homeland): A Documentary on Caribs in St. Vincent        
YURUMEIN: film trailer from Andrea Leland on Vimeo.

Originally published on H-Caribbean, June 2014
(Director) Andrea E. Leland. Yurumein (Homeland). January 2014. 50-minute documentary / DVD format / 4:3 aspect ratio / surround sound.

Resistance, Rupture, and Repair: The Story of the Caribs of St. Vincent in the Caribbean

 

Yurumein by Andrea E. Leland effectively begins twice: first it begins in St. Vincent, and then, as a reflection of the contemporary relocation of the Garifuna, it begins again in Los Angeles, which probably has the largest number of Garifuna people outside of Central America and the Caribbean. The core of the film ostensibly follows the journey of Cadrin Gill, a Los Angeles family doctor, who self-identifies as Carib and who was born in Sandy Bay, St. Vincent, one of the residential areas of the island that contains a sizeable Carib population. Focusing on the reclamation of pride in Carib identity, and the beginnings of a cultural resurgence that happens in part as a transnational process of reconnecting indigenous communities in the Caribbean region (in this case the relinking of Honduran Garifuna and Vincentian Caribs), this film serves as an important document of the contemporary presence of indigeneity in the Caribbean. The film thus helps to fill in the map of indigenous cultural resurgence in the Caribbean, of indigenous communities that did not simply vanish due to European colonization, but that resisted and repaired what they could. In this sense the documentary helps to further challenge centuries of writings, and even modern historiography, whose emphases have been Carib decline and extinction. In addition, as there has been so little produced, whether in film or in writing, about the Caribs/Gairfuna of St. Vincent, apart from the occasional thesis or conference paper offered within regional institutions, this film further serves to fill in the gaps in our knowledge.

Yurumein represents part of a growing series of films on indigenous Caribbean topics, but is unique as one that focuses on St. Vincent. As a contribution to documentaries about the indigenous Caribbean, this film joins Last of the Karaphuna (Philip Thorneycroft Teuscher, 1983, focusing on the Dominica Carib Reserve); Caribbean Eye: Indigenous Survivors (UNESCO/Banyan, 1991, focusing on contemporary indigenous communities in Guyana, Trinidad, Dominica, and St. Vincent); The Garifuna Journey (also by Andrea Leland, 1998, focusing on Belize); The Quest of the Carib Canoe (Eugene Jarecki, 2000, focusing primarily on Dominica’s Caribs, but also bringing special attention to Trinidad and Guyana); Three Kings of Belize (Katia Paradis, 2007, focusing on Belize, including a focus on a Garifuna musician); and The Amerindians (Tracy Assing, 2010, focusing on Trinidad’s Carib Community).

“That paradigm has changed,” Dr. Gills says in the film, a change in paradigm that involves increased recognition of “our history and our heritage.” It is an important point, as he adds that this has happened “only recently.” Indeed, we are now in the third decade of a region-wide indigenous resurgence in the Caribbean, one that arguably began at least on a formal, organizational level in St. Vincent itself in 1987, with a conference on the indigenous peoples of the region that would later result in the formation of the Caribbean Organization of Indigenous Peoples (COIP), whose first president was the Belizean Garifuna anthropologist Dr. Joseph Palacio.[1] (Coincidentally, in my own research context in Arima, Trinidad, 1987 was the first year that Trinidad’s Carib Community received delegates from seven different Guyanese indigenous tribes.[2])

On a local level in St. Vincent, this paradigm change has also occurred. “We were brought up as Englishmen, so we had an English mentality,” Dr. Gill explains, “and consequently there was not much knowledge about my history…. [I]n my days, it was not ‘fashionable’ to be called ‘Carib.’” Echoing what I found in my research in Trinidad, the film presents a series of individuals in Sandy Bay who explain that they did not know of their Carib ancestry until they reached adulthood, while others did know and could not hide it and were thus targeted for discrimination in the wider society as “ignorant,” “backward,” “warlike” and “cannibal” people, leading some to suppress their own identification as Carib. (Unfortunately, this juxtaposition of lack of self-awareness as Carib, while the wider society discriminates against them as Carib, is a paradox left unexplored in the film.) While there is now a positive acknowledgment of their ancestral ties (and explaining why this has happened recently exceeds both the scope of the film and this review), Caribs in this film also reflect on what they say is their own lack of personal knowledge of Carib history and language. While they point to a number of surviving traditions, such as the making of cassava bread (which one woman claims, without much credibility, to have learned to do all on her own), it is clear that the identity is also understood in racial terms, with a not infrequent reference in the film to phenotypical markers, specifically dealing with one’s face and one’s hair. The kind of racialization that historically distinguished the Caribs of northern St. Vincent, especially in the towns of Orange Hill, Oven Land, Sandy Bay, Point, Owia, and Fancy, from the Garifuna or “Black Carib” of the southern town of Greggs (which is never mentioned in this film), is not confronted in this film. Indeed, the seemingly inexplicable adoption of “Garifuna” for all Carib descendants was one of the surprising things I learned from this film, and as a local historian explains, this is “relatively new” (but we are not informed as to why it has happened).

On an international level, the film speaks of examples where Caribs today are still stereotyped as “wild cannibals” in a few yet influential quarters. Here the film showcases Disney’s Pirates of the Caribbean (2003- ) as one of the latest examples of this malignant stereotyping. Those presented in this documentary explicitly comment on their task as one of combating the influence of Hollywood.

What “loss” means, what constitutes “knowledge,” and knowledge of loss, are all difficult questions that the film brushes against on occasion. If the Vincentian Caribs do not know what “was” their culture, how do they know what was “lost”? Rather than risk diving into and drowning in an essentialist exercise of trait-listing, I prefer the formulation of the New Zealand anthropologist Steven Webster, who argues that “Maori culture is not something that has been lost, it is the loss; being ‘a Maori’ is struggling to be a Maori.”[3] There is more to this however, as some knowledge of what it means to be “Carib,” that is actually in line with its original political meaning in the first century of European imperial invasions, is knowledge that persists. As Odette Sutherland, a Vincentian Carib, says in the film: “They were rebellious people. They didn’t want to work as slaves. The Caribs always liked to be independent and work to help themselves and their family,” then adding as she continues working in her yard, “I am proud to say that I am a Carib.” Another person declares: “That is our king … the chief of the Caribs … Joseph Chatoyer. He fight for the Carib country.” Cadrin Gill expands on this theme of resistance in remarking that during colonial rule in the Caribbean, “St. Vincent was the mecca of freedom,” where escaped slaves from nearby territories often sought refuge and were welcomed by the Caribs. This historical knowledge, of the Caribs as the original anti-imperialists of the modern world system, is further attested to in a dramatic fashion, on display for tourists and all visitors, at Fort Charlotte. There a sign states, “built by the British as the chief defence against the indigenous people and their allies,” and all of the cannons are pointing not out to sea, but inland. (It is also possible that the message of anti-imperialism is simultaneously lost by being displaced into talk of centuries past, focusing on the British, as Dr. Gill does not seem conflicted about displaying a portrait of Barack Obama behind his desk.)

One of the unresolved tensions in this film is that of claiming lack of knowledge on the one hand, yet currently producing knowledge of contemporary Caribness that in some senses accords with the original political content of the identification. Colin Sam, Gill’s nephew, repeats the complaint of a lack of cultural knowledge of self. Yet he and his fellow Caribs clearly know a great deal, but it is not formatted, packaged, and labeled in the same way that academics produce cultural history in writing. Hence, rather than a detailed report produced by an archaeologist, in this film we have: “the Caribs were here ever since.” It is simple, perhaps, but it is also an understanding that is necessary for any sense of indigeneity. In addition, among those speaking in the film is Nixon Lewis, a Carib researcher who spends his spare time doing archival research during annual trips to London, and when not there, then being “on the Net all the time.”

Further adding weight to the idea of a paradigm shift are the words of the prime minister of St. Vincent and the Grenadines, Ralph Gonsalves, who in speaking of the brutality of British rule declares: “let us not mince words: genocide by the British.” What is significant is the occasion on which these words were spoken: National Hero’s Day—an annual public commemoration of Joseph Chatoyer, a long sought-after national holiday first demanded by the Committee for the Development of the Carib Community (CDCC), an organization not mentioned in this film.[4] Demands for such a commemoration were rejected by the government for numerous years. In one scene of the film, we can barely make out a banner in the background on which these words are painted: “Indigenous People’s Day Rally.” Indigenous People’s Day is another of those events that Sherelene Roberts explained the CDCC had long pursued.

Some shortcomings of this film should also be noted, aside from some of the gaps and silences noted above. We are told that 2 percent of St. Vincent’s 120,000 people are Caribs, but the source for this not indicated, nor is the deeply problematic issue of counting such a contested and suppressed identity considered. Moreover, Roberts reported a figure of 3.1 percent reporting themselves as Carib during the 1991 Population Census.[5] The film might then lead some to believe that there has been a decline since then. The film also reports that there are a total of 400,000 Garifuna in the United States, Central America, and Caribbean combined, which is a very significant size (again, a source would have been useful). Aside from these points, there is no debate in the film about the problems with attempting to phenotypically define Caribness by the quality of one’s hair, and whether this could mean an implicit rejection of one’s Africanness. The film in fact generally ignores the African dimension of Garifuna identity and history (even when some of the traditions being taught by Honduran Garifunas to their Vincentian hosts are creole Afro-Caribbean ones). The fact that a largely African-descended population is the only population in the region to have kept the Island Carib language alive is surely one of the most spectacular stories of Caribbean history, and a key sign of trouble for any attempts to racialize indigeneity or to distill it out of larger processes of creolization. There is also no discussion in the film about the relations between Garifuna/Caribs and the national government. We hear Prime Minister Gonsalves delivering a stirring speech about British genocide against the Caribs, but then the film ends by pointing out that the Vincentian island of Balliceaux, where the Garifuna were imprisoned in 1795 before their exile to Honduras, rather than being safeguarded as land the Garifuna consider to be sacred has instead been put up for sale to private buyers. Also in the context of Balliceaux, the narrative in the film first claims that a radical cultural eradication occurred, but that then the survivors carried their culture intact to Honduras. Left like that, the statement makes no sense, and we should expect that a project that lists dozens of contributors in its credits would permit the opportunity for some to review and point out such contradictions that sometimes rendered the film’s narrative a bit too shaky.

In summary, several aspects of Andrea Leland’s Yurumein documentary are particularly noteworthy. One is the emphasis of an acute consciousness by Vincentian Caribs of their “cultural loss” and at the same time a renewed pride in their Carib ancestry. Another is the dimension of transnational resurgence, with Garifuna from Central America (originally from St. Vincent) returning to spearhead a renewal of Carib pride and to share traditions. A third observation we can make is about the degree to which this documentary is a nonacademic production, moreover one that is not mediated or narrated by any academic expert. A fourth notable aspect is the extent to which the project involved in making this documentary was locally constituted.
While the film’s gaps and the level of the narrative are bound to receive mixed reviews from academic audiences, this documentary could be useful for first- or second-year students in the North American university/college setting, and for the general public. With twenty years of immersion in indigenous Caribbean research, my own special interest has me enthusiastic to see just about any serious attempt at a documentary on the region’s indigenous peoples, given the paucity of such materials and my continued inability to complete my own long overdue video productions. One has to recognize the considerable effort that went into the making of this documentary, especially given its broad-based network of local contributors, the abundance of available narratives, the political implications of those narratives, the numerous topics deserving special attention, coverage of key local events, and on top of it all an effort to insert the viewer into some aspects of the daily lives of today’s Vincentian Caribs. With so many “moving pieces,” frustration and even failure are more likely than success. This documentary instead succeeds in encompassing a wide range of contemporary issues and historical processes, in a visually engaging manner, and really without trying to tell viewers what to think. In this last respect, it becomes ideal for the classroom setting because it leaves gaps to be filled in by a lecturer, and the work of interpretation open to discussion in the classroom.

I do not think, however, that this documentary should be viewed alone in the context of a course on the Caribbean or on indigenous peoples (or both), that is, in the absence of any other scholarly materials in this topic area. Having said that, it is at present the best current filmic resource on an indigenous community in the Caribbean, one that has long been virtually invisible in the academic literature and documentaries. Others may have done more, but they are becoming increasingly dated. That this documentary has already received some excellent reviews, including by specialists in Garifuna studies, further underscores its virtues.

Notes


[1]. Joseph O. Palacio, “Caribbean Indigenous Peoples’ Journey toward Self-Discovery,” Cultural Survival Quarterly 13, no. 3 (1989): 49-51.
[2]. Maximilian C. Forte, Ruins of Absence, Presence of Caribs: (Post)Colonial Representations of Aboriginality in Trinidad and Tobago (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005).
[3]. Steven Webster, “Postmodernist Theory and the Sublimation of Maori Culture,” Oceania 63, no. 3 (1993): 222-239.
[4]. Shereline L. Roberts, “The Integration of the Caribs into the Vincentian Society” (BA thesis, University of the West Indies, 1996).

Printable Version: http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showpdf.php?id=41305
Citation: MAXIMILIAN FORTE. Review of (Director) Andrea E. Leland, Yurumein (Homeland). H-Caribbean, H-Net Reviews. June, 2014.
URL: http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=41305

          By: Rod        
All thieves why do wye belizeans put up with these people they need to go to jail what a pm and gov. But the thieves will never prosper .
          By: I Belize it        
Corps govt, murders by the day, no jobs, rest of world passing buy. What to do? Reality TV. Sitcom for govt affairs, snuff movies from the murders, couch potatoes to watch it. Cartels and Zetas can be sponsors, investors to new cut throat business ventures.. This could be a big export market. Imight drive off tourists but they are going elsewhere as crime goes higher.
          By: Now i see        
I think all this land that they buy for peanuts money the people of Belize should take it away. And they should also investigate the p.u.p. And take everything back. If you guys want to buy land pay the proper price for it and show where the money came from. It is crazy how much who ever is in goverment steals. Who are we going to trust now?.
          First Peoples-Heritage Week begins Tomorrow.        
First Peoples-Heritage Week begins Tomorrow.
By Newsday Reporter
T&T's Newsday | Thursday, October 10 2013

The First Peoples indigenous community in Trinidad and Tobago will be hosting their 13th annual Amerindian Heritage Week, which runs from tomorrow (October 11) to October 19. Heritage Week will feature special events, including a conference themed “Exploring Heritage, Consolidating Traditions and Creating A Legacy”.

Tomorrow, Amerindian Heritage Week will be launched with an opening ceremony at the UTT O’Meara Campus from 6 pm - 9 pm. The opening ceremony will include a speech by Prime Minister Kamla Persad-Bissessar, greetings from a Nation Representative of the Caribbean Organisation of Indigenous Peoples, musical performance by the First Peoples of Suriname, as well as a cocktail reception with live entertainment by Los Alumnos de San Juan.

The week of activities will then continue with its inaugural International First People’s Conference on October 12 and 13, also at the O’Meara Campus. The two day conference will feature seven academic and performative panels and is being hosted by the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community of Arima (formerly known as the Carib Community) in conjunction with the University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT) and the Ministry of National Diversity and Social Integration. Arima is home to the largest number of descendants of the Caribs, who were among Trinidad and Tobago’s first inhabitants, therefore home to the First Peoples.

According to Aurora Herrera, event coordinator of the Amerindian Heritage Week, the conference will feature a wide array of activities and honoured presenters.

“We have chiefs and other Indigenous representatives coming from all over the world for the conference,” she said.

According to the detailed conference calendar, conference attendees will be privy to presentations from countries such as Belize with Garifuna Songs, St Vincent’s basketry, Guyana’s presentations on youth and gender issues faced by the First Peoples and more from Dominica, USA and of course Trinidad and Tobago.

The International First People’s Conference’s press release states that the conference will deal with “the burning issues confronting First Peoples in an environment that remains ambivalent and hostile.” Such issues include the discovery of human remains beneath the Red House in Port-of-Spain, which, according to the First Peoples, indicates that it is a First People burial ground. “How the immigrant state deals with this question will say a lot about the future direction of relations between our First Nations community and their welcome or not so welcome guests,” said Herrera. She also noted that at the conference, “There will be presentations and discussions concerning First Peoples cosmology, philosophy and the various aspects of their way of life. We are also addressing questions of governance.”

The Heritage Week events also include a Smoke Ceremony at the Hyarima Monument, Arima and the Spiritual Sanctification of the Parliament Building at the Red House on Monday (October 14), as well as the Indigenous Water Ritual at Lopinot River, Arouca on Tuesday (October 15) and much more. The Conference is free to the public and it includes meals, however pre-registration is required before Wednesday 16 October. To register, go to www.santarosafirstpeoples.org

First Peoples Heritage Week Calendar of Events


Friday October 11:
6 pm - 8 pm - Launch of the First Peoples Heritage Week 2013

8 pm – 9 pm - Inauguration of the International First Peoples Conference, “Exploring Heritage, Consolidating Traditions and Creating a Legacy”
Cocktails with live entertainment by Los Alumnos de San Juan
Venue: UTT O’Meara Campus Auditorium

Saturday October 12:
8 am – 4 pm - International First Peoples Conference, Panel Presentations/Discussions
Venue: UTT O’Meara Campus Auditorium

Sunday October 13:
8 am – 4 pm - International First Peoples Conference, Panel Presentations/Discussions
Venue: UTT O’Meara Campus Auditorium

Monday October 14:
Dedicated To the Great Spirit Tamushi
6.30 am – 8.15 am - Smoke Ceremony
Venue: Hyarima Monument, Arima

8.15 am - Street Procession from the Smoke Ceremony to the First Peoples Community Centre
Venue: Streets of Arima

3 pm – 5 pm - Formal Ceremony to commemorate First Peoples Heritage Day
Venue: UTT, O’Meara Campus Auditorium

8 pm – 10 pm - Spiritual Sanctication of the Parliament Building, the Red House
Venue: Red House, Port of Spain

Tuesday October 15:
Dedicated To the Ancestors
7 am – 9 am - Indigenous Water Ritual
Venue: Lopinot River, Arouca

4 pm - Ceremony to the Ancestral Spirits of Anaparima
Venue: San Fernando/Anaparima Hill

Wednesday October 16:
Dedicated To The Indigenous Traditions
9 am – 3.30 pm - Open House Visits to the Santa Rosa First Peoples Community Centre, For School Children, Groups and Families**
Venue: 7 Paul Mitchell St Arima.

Friday October 18
Dedicated To Indigenous Traditions of Music, Dance, and Traditional Handicrafts
10 am – 5 pm - Heritage Cultural Fair

6 pm - 9 pm - Cultural Show
Venue: Santa Rosa Catholic Church Park

Saturday October 19:
Dedicated To the Indigenous Traditions on Local Self Governance
10 am – 12 noon - Meeting of the Caribbean Organisation of Indigenous People
Venue: Carib Centre

5 pm – 8 pm - Closing Ceremony and Thanksgiving
Venue: Santa Rosa First Peoples Centre
          Short Comment Period for Proposed MOUs with Belize, Guatemala and Mali        
Regulations.gov is now accepting public comments for the Cultural Property Advisory Committee's review of proposed renewals of MOUs with Belize, Guatemala and Mali.  Simply click on the above link, read the background information and then click on the blue "Comment Now" button to make your views known.
          Goff’s Caye        
GROUP TRIP – Journey to the center of the reef at Goff’s Caye Goff’s Caye is a small island located a stone’s throw away from Belize City . Only a 45 minute boat ride away, this lovely coral island sits on top of Belize ‘s Great Barrier Reef . Surrounding the island, pristine waters change to …
          Will the world end in 2012? No, it won’t.        
Will the world end in 2012? No, it won’t.

Will there be a major cataclysm in 2012? Quite possibly.

Although this book concentrates on a potential global catastrophe at a random date within our immediate future, there are three powerful arguments for that date being Dec 21, 2012. I present them here, not as certainties, but as possibilities worth considering.

2. The Mayan Calendar

The Maya

The Maya civilisation inhabited a region encompassing southern Mexico, Guatemala and Belize and flourished between the third and tenth centuries AD, but by 1200 AD their society had collapsed for reasons we can only guess at. When the Spanish conquistadors arrived, descendants still occupied the area, and still spoke the Mayan language, but were unaware of the cities their forefathers had created.

It wasn’t until the late 18th century that explorers first investigated the dense Guatemalan rainforest and came across plazas, monoliths, temples and pyramids, each decorated with pictures and hieroglyphs. The ancient Maya had been keeping historical records - using a script which mixed ideographic and phonetic elements. Some of their writing still exists on stelae (stone monuments) that recount civil events and record their calendric and astronomical knowledge.

Spanish Conquest

Diego de Landa was a Spanish priest who visited Mexico on a charitable mission, became the Franciscan provincial of Yucatán in 1561 and is infamous for his destruction of priceless Maya documents and artefacts.

Although Landa was very interested in the Mayan culture, he abhorred certain aspects of their practices, particularly human sacrifice. In July 1562, when evidence of human sacrifice was found in a cave containing sacred Maya statues, a bout of religious self-righteousness saw Landa order the destruction of five thousand idols. He decided that their books were also the devil's work and saw to it that they were burned, with only three books surviving. Consequently the majority of Mayan knowledge and history was lost.
Yet despite his actions, we are also indebted to Landa for his acute and intelligent opus on Mayan life and religion, Relación de las cosas de Yucatán (1566), which remains the classical text on Mayan civilisation. This book, which was not printed until 1864, provided a phonetic alphabet that made it possible to decipher roughly one-third of the remaining Mayan hieroglyphs.

The most important of the surviving books was what is now called the Dresden Codex, named after the city where it was lodged. It is a strange book, inscribed with hieroglyphs, which no one understood until 1880. At that time Ernst FØrstemann, a German scholar who worked at the same Dresden library, managed to crack the code of the Mayan calendar making it possible for other academics to translate the many dated inscriptions found on buildings, stelae and other ancient Mayan artefacts.

He discovered that the Codex contained detailed astrological tables, which calculated the year to be 365.2420 days long, more accurate than the Julian calendar that we use today. The tables were used exclusively by the Mayan astronomers to predict the solstices and equinoxes, the path of the planets in our solar system, the cycles of Venus and Mars, and other celestial phenomena.

Other information we have today has been gleaned from the Popol Vuh and Chilam Balam - books written just after the Spanish arrived. The knowledge found in these books and codices, combined with the uncovering of mysterious pyramids, demonstrate that the Maya had an intelligence to rival the Greeks and Egyptians.

Mayan Calendar

The life of the Maya revolved around the concept of time. Priests were consulted on civil, agricultural and religious matters, and their advice would be derived from readings of the sacred calendars. Time was of such importance that children were even named after the date on which they were born.

Maya math uses only three symbols - a shell-shaped glyph for zero, a dot for one and a bar for five to represent units from zero to 19. For instance, the number 13 was represented as three dots and two bars.


Zero was an advanced concept in those days, something that the Romans were not aware of. Yet the Maya were comfortable enough with it to use a shell as its symbol, a tangible object representing an abstract concept. The Maya also used metrical calculation and place numeration, which were very clever for a culture that didn't use the wheel!

Although they had many calendars, they marked the passage of time with three cycles that ran in parallel.

The first is the scared calendar known as the Tzolkin. It combines the numbers from 1 through 13 with a sequence of 20 day-names. It works in a similar manner to our named days of the week, and their date within each month. So you might have 5-Chikchan (like our Sunday the 5th) followed by 6-Kimi (as we would have Monday the 6th). After 260 days the same number/name combination will re-occur, and the calendar starts anew. Their use of the vigesimal (base 20) numbering system probably relates to fingers and toes, whereas the 13 nicely fits the growth phase of the moon which isn’t visible when new and appears full for two days on end, thus appearing to have a 13 day growth cycle. Alternatively, the length of the Tzolkin may be related to the human gestation period of nine months (273 days). It has been suggested that 260 days is the time between a woman suspecting her pregnancy (she doesn’t menstruate) and when she gives birth.

The second is the agricultural calendar known as the Haab, or vague year. It consists of 18 months, each of 20 days. An addition of a five-day month (a period of apprehension and bad luck named Uayeb) gives us 365 days, an approximation of a year. This calendar’s primary purpose was to keep track of the seasons, for seasonal and solar events would occur on roughly the same day of each year. The Maya were aware of the annual quarter day discrepancy, but it is not known if they ever did anything about it.

These two independently running calendars each begin again every 260 and 360+5 days. However, every 52 years they coincide:

“The Tzolkin and the Haab ran concurrently, like intermeshed cog-wheels, and to return to any given date, 52 years, or 18,980 days, would have to elapse (because both 365 x 52 and 260 x 73 = 18,980). In other words, the Tzolkin would make 73 revolutions and the Haab 52, so that every 52 calendar years of 365 days one would return to the same date. A complete date in this 52-year cycle might be, for example, 2 1k 0 Pop (2 1k being the position of the day in the Tzolkin, 0 Pop the position in the Haab). Fifty-two years would pass before another 2 1k 0 Pop date returned.

It was expected that the world would end at the completion of a 52-year cycle. At this time, among the Mexica in the Valley of Mexico, all fires were extinguished, pregnant women were locked up lest they be turned into wild animals, children were pinched to keep them awake so that they would not turn into mice, and all pottery was broken in preparation for the end of the world. In the event the gods decided to grant man another 52 years of life on earth, however, a night time ceremony was held in which the populace followed the priests through the darkness over a causeway to the top of an old extinct volcano that rises abruptly from the floor of the basin of Mexico, known today as the Hill of the Star, the hill above Ixtapalapa. There, with all eyes on the stars, they awaited the passage of the Pleiades across the center of the heavens, which would announce the continuation of the world for another 52 years. When the precise moment came, a victim was quickly sacrificed by making a single gash in his chest and extracting the still palpitating heart. In the gory cavity the priests, with a fire drill, kindled a new flame that was quickly carried by torches across the lake to the temple in Tenochititlan, and from there to all temples and villages around the lake. This was known as the New Fire Ceremony among the Mexica, and in some way this same completion and renewal of each 52-year cycle was recognized by all Mesoamericans."

This is not unlike how the end of the last millennium may have felt for many Christians or doomsday cult followers.

Our modern Western calendar was first introduced in Europe in 1582. It was based upon the Gregorian calendar, which calculated the Earth’s orbit to take 365.25 days. This was 0.0003 of a day per year too much, but still exceptionally accurate for scientists living over 400 years ago.

The Mayan calendars were derived from those of their predecessors, the Olmec, whose culture dates back at least 3,000 years. Without the instruments of 16th century Europe, these Central American locals managed to calculate a solar year of 365.2420 days, just 0.0002 of a day short. More accurate than the Europeans, and much earlier.

The Long Count

A Mayan date utilises three calendars. The third calendar, known as the "long count", is a continuous record of days that starts over every 5000 years or so. The current Long Count began in 3114 BC. And it will end very soon.

A typical Mayan date looks like this:

12.18.16.2.6, 3 Cimi 4 Zotz
4 Zotz is the Haab date.
3 Cimi is the Tzolkin date.
12.18.16.2.6 is the Long Count date.
The basic unit is the kin (day), which is the last component of the Long Count. Going from right to left the remaining components are:
• unial........1 unial = 20 kin = 20 days
• tun..........1 tun = 18 unial = 360 days = approx. 1 year
• katun.......1 katun = 20 tun = 7,200 days = approx. 20 years
• baktun.....1 baktun = 20 katun = 144,000 days = approx. 394 years
The kin, tun, and katun are numbered from 0 to 19.
The unial are numbered from 0 to 17.
The baktun are numbered from 1 to 13.


The Long Count is a great cycle of 13 baktuns (roughly 5,126 years), where the use of 13 may again represent the growth of the moon from new to full. The current cycle began on 13.0.0.0.0 4 Ahau 8 Cumku which correlates to Aug. 13, 3114 BC.

In Mayan mythology each Long Count cycle is a world age in which the gods attempt to create pious and subservient creatures.

The First Age began with the creation of the Earth, and it had upon it vegetation and living beings. Unfortunately, because they lacked speech, the birds and animals were unable to pay homage to the gods and were destroyed. In the Second and Third Ages the gods created humans of mud and then wood, but these also failed to please and were wiped out. We are currently in the Fourth and Final Age, the age of the modern, fully functional human. Is it possible that these Ages referred to evolutionary change? If they did, then what might occur when the current age finishes on December 21, 2012?


Note on massive spans of time

Although they are not part of the Long Count, the Mayas had calculated larger time spans, some so long that only modern day scientists would ever use them, and suggesting that perhaps the ancient Maya were aware of something we have yet to discover for ourselves.

1 pictun = 20 baktun = 2,880,000 days = approx. 7885 years
1 calabtun = 20 pictun = 57,600,000 days = approx. 158,000 years
1 kinchiltun = 20 calabtun = 1,152,000,000 days = approx. 3 million years
1 alautun = 20 kinchiltun = 23,040,000,000 days = approx. 63 million years

Note on Correlation

This book uses a correlation between the Gregorian and Maya calendars known as the Goodman-Martinez-Thompson (GMT) correlation, which places the long count katun ending 11.16.0.0.0 13 Ahau 8 Xul on 14 November 1539 (Gregorian). Another less popular correlation has the Long Count ending two days later on Dec 23, 2012, and for our purposes makes a negligible difference. A further 50 or more different correlations have been calculated; some by non-academics, usually based on disputing which similar astronomical events occurred in which year. The GMT is generally accepted by academics because it has been proven with carbon dating, and because it is still in use by modern day Quich¾ Maya.
 
 
source : http://esoterism.ro/english/world-%20end.php

          Review: Wanderlove by Kirsten Hubbard        

WanderloveIt all begins with a stupid question: Are you a Global Vagabond? No, but 18-year-old Bria Sandoval wants to be. In a quest for independence, her neglected art, and no-strings-attached hookups, she signs up for a guided tour of Central America—the wrong one. Middle-aged tourists with fanny packs are hardly the key to self-rediscovery. When Bria meets Rowan, devoted backpacker and dive instructor, and his outspokenly humanitarian sister Starling, she seizes the chance to ditch her group and join them off the beaten path. Bria's a good girl trying to go bad. Rowan's a bad boy trying to stay good. As they travel across a panorama of Mayan villages, remote Belizean islands, and hostels plagued with jungle beasties, they discover what they've got in common: both seek to leave behind the old versions of themselves. And the secret to escaping the past, Rowan’s found, is to keep moving forward. But Bria comes to realize she can't run forever, no matter what Rowan says. If she ever wants the courage to fall for someone worthwhile, she has to start looking back.


Wanderlove by Kirsten Hubbard
Published: March 13, 2012 by Delacorte books for young readers via Netgalley
Source: I received this book from the publisher in exchange for an honest and thoughful review.
Purchase:
Amazon, Barnes and Noble

My Thoughts:

I have to say this; I loved the raw and beautiful writing style of the author. Her words were magical and I just wanted to hang on to every word I read and savor it.

Bria Sandoval has just graduated high school and is trying to figure out what she’s going to do with her life; she’s also dealing with having her heart broken. Bria and her two best friends decide that they needed a break and should travel to Europe in the summer before starting college. Her friends end up backing out and Bria finds herself booking a trip with the Global Vagabond Tour group for a three week excursion traveling the ancient Mayan ruins.

This is where Bria’s journey begins, she finds herself traveling to a foreign country alone to prove that she can do things on her own when everyone else doubts her. After the break up, Bria feels as if she has lost her way and what defines her as an individual. She’s trying to figure things out as she travels amongst strangers in Guatemala from city to city.

An unfortunate event introduces Bria to Rowan, a seasoned backpacker who invites her to a party at the island he’s staying at. This is where everything changes for her, she somehow finds herself ditching the Global Vagabond tour group and accompanying Rowan and his sister backpacking city to city.

She’s lost what defines her as a person, she’s lost her love for art and everything she holds dear to herself. This book was so much more than just a book about a girl traveling it’s about finding yourself and that things happen for a reason although you might not necessarily know what they are at the time. It’s about discovery and learning that you can overcome even what seems to be the hardest thing to deal with in your life at the time.

After reading this book, I wanted to do two things;
a.       Pick up a backpack and go backpacking across Central America, even though I'm definitely not in my twenty's anymore.
b.      I felt inspired to do something more, to not give up on something that I might love just because the circumstances aren’t right.

I absolutely adored this story; there was so much in the back story. The descriptions of her travels were beautiful and captivating. When Bria described locations I wanted to reach out and touch it, I wanted to take a deep breath and smell the air that she talked about. The author definitely has a way with words and painted the most beautiful story.

This book deserves 5 out of 5 stars.

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          W Belize odkryto jeden z największych grobowców Majów        

W środkowoamerykańskim Belize archeolodzy odkryli grób przedstawiciel elity Majów. Jego wnętrze zawiera cenny skarb – hieroglify. Może to pomóc rozwikłać przyczyny upadku cywilizacji Majów, która politycznie załamała się około IX wieku. Prace zostały opublikowane w najnowszym wydaniu Journal of Precolumbiam Art Research Institute.

 

 

 

Według naukowców, jest to jedno z największych miejsc pochówku, znajdujące się w tym kraju. Nie określono jeszcze wieku znaleziska. W strukturze (4,5 m x 2,4 m) znajdują się szkielety młodych ludzi w wieku między 20 a 30 lat, kości jeleni i jaguarów, kamienie, garnki i inne przedmioty z kamienia oraz gliny w postaci zwierząt, warzyw i innych symboli.

 

Grób znajduje się w ruinach miasta Xunantunich. Według naukowców, w grobie spoczywają szczątki członków dynastii „węża”.

 

Imperium Majów u szczytu rozwoju w VI wieku obejmowało dzisiejszy obszar Gwatemali, Hondurasu, Belize i Meksyku. Majowie budowali świątynie, miasta i ogromne piramidy. Około roku 900 naszej ery imperium rozpadło się. Upadek trwał prawie dwa wieki. Miasta i rozległe obszary zostały opuszczone przez ludność.

 

 


          The day I almost died        




Member of the Belize rescue team






There I was, caught underneath a tree in a white-water river in Belize, thinking,
“This is a really stupid way to die.” However, because of the training my father, a 747 captain, had instilled in me growing up I instinctively surrounded myself with a “bubble of calm.” I had learned over the years that whenever emergencies or tough situations arise to slow things down in my head and try to assess the situation.



A crowded field heads into dangerous rapids





Nevertheless, I knew I had about a minute-and-a-half of available oxygen before I’d black out and drown. Luckily for me, that never happened. I was able to shift the boat that was on top of me, free myself from the maze of tree limbs that were holding me captive, and swim toward the light. When I surfaced the first image that greeted me was my friend and teammate Bo Parfet hanging onto a branch against the surging river. He had come up about a minute earlier.


Perhaps too much testosterone and not enough brains





It was day two of the La Ruta Maya, a grueling, multi-day canoe race, and we were now last among a field of just under a hundred vessels. Though we didn’t win, this was only the first of many adventures that Bo and I would share together. Often, the kind of life-threatening incident that we’d just experienced deeply affects a person’s sense of fearlessness, and I wondered how it was going to affect Bo. You see, in my mind he was still untested. I did not know then that, during the next few years, he would witness a death on Mount Everest and have several brushes with it himself in some of the world’s most exotic locations.
As for me, I have thought about that day often and consider myself lucky. The scenario could have been drastically different, and I don’t know if I would have survived. I have always prided myself on being risk adverse and safe in the field, but good explorers or adventurers are able to sense dangerous situations, unlike I had done on that day on the river in Belize.


A widely used phrase, though somewhat cliché, is that the mark of real character in a climber is not how he stands on the summit while holding a flag, but how he pulls himself out of an icy crevasse. Expeditions have a way of revealing a person's true personality, mostly because teammates spend so much time together in close quarters and often in trying conditions, that all pretenses quickly vanish. No one should ever underestimate the value of being a good teammate. A group that works cohesively together will triumph over individual effort every time.

Bo Parfet and author at Everest base camp


The easy road is safe and predictable, however sticking your neck out on an expedition or trying to extend yourself in any field of endeavor is difficult, especially when you run the risk of looking foolish if you fail. Still, you might as well face the fact that if you’re going to be a leader, you will undoubtedly fail at some point. The important thing is to learn from experience, and also to understand that on those occasions when you put every ounce of energy and passion into achieving something, the exhilaration of realizing your ambition will be well worth the fight. If I had died under a tree in a river in Belize I would have been pretty embarrassed ( in the after-life), but I was able to stay calm and as a result learned an invaluable lesson. It is important to remind yourself that though every person lives, it takes a person with true courage to experience failure and continue to live outside their comfort zone.

          San Jose Sights — San Jose, Costa Rica        
Belize and Costa Rica 4/05
           Beachwear ! Time To Get Sanibelized        



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          Jennifer Lachs ★ Digital Nomad Girls        
Jenny haben wir vor 3,5 Jahren auf Caye Caulker einer kleinen Karibikinsel, die zu Belize gehört, kennengelernt. Damals war sie Chemikerin und hatte den Wunsch…
          Amazigh Festival Opens in Fez        

The 13th edition of the International Festival of Amazigh Culture opened last night at the Hotel Merinides. A capacity crowd were welcomed by Festival Director, Moha Ennaji

Before the inaugural address, the Festival paid homage to three notable Moroccans; Mohammed Kabbaj, ex-president of Esprit de Fes and the Fes-Sais Association, Emeritus Professor Ahmed El Khamliche and the Belgian-Moroccan writer Issa Ait Belize.

The inaugural address was delivered by the French writer Hubert Haddad, who spoke about "Le tissage des langues" - "the weaving of languages".

The Festival has an intriguing display of Amazigh art

The large audience was truly international and multicultural, with participants and visitors from around the world. The Festival had anticipated this and thoughtfully provided instant translations via headphones.

In the audience, The View From Fez spoke with Lebanese writer and journalist,  General Nizar Abdelkader (pictured left), who said this was his third visit to Morocco and his second as a participant in the Festival.

Abdelkader specialises in writing on international politics and is the author of many books on the subject. "I have always been fascinated by politics', he said, "at the moment I am watching close the developments in Iran. They dream of rebuilding the Persian Empire."

Nizar Abdelkader will be speaking at a forum on Multiculturalism, Multilingualism and Extremism at 18.05 today. On the same panel will be Belkacem Boumedini and Nebia Dadoua Hadria, both from Algeria. Also on the panel is one of the organisers of the Festival, Fatima Sidiqi.

Academic and Festival orgaiser, Fatima Sadiqi

The Festival continues until Sunday at the Merinides Hotel, with evening concerts at Bab Makina. Tonight (Saturday) the concert will feature the group Ahidous Tahla, Hassan Berkani and Ibtissam Tiskat.




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          International Festival of the Amazigh Culture - Program Update        
logo fondation esprit de fès sais logoAF[2]


The International Festival of the Amazigh Culture


13th Edition


Merinides Hotel, Fès

International Festival of Amazigh Culture in Fez July 14-16
Douzi, Senhaji and Tiskat sing love and brotherhood
From 14 to 16 July, the city of Fez will host the thirteenth edition of the International Festival of Culture Amazigh under the theme "Amazighity and cultural diversity confronting extremism". Numerous Moroccan and European artists will take part in this edition, including  Abdelhafid Douzi, the star of classical Amazigh song Hadda Ouakki, Moroccan singer Ibtissam Tiskat, Saïd Senhaji, Aïcha Tachinouite, Hassan El Berkanai, Italian artist Laura Conti, in addition to the star of Flamenco dance Monica Arrabal and other musical and artistic activities.
The forum will provide an opportunity for experts, researchers and civil society actors to discuss current issues related to peace, dialogue and cultural diversity and its role in addressing all forms of extremism, and in the consolidation of democracy, coexistence, tolerance and the culture of solidarity.
At the same time, the festival will organize workshops on storytelling, painting, as well as poetry readings and art exhibitions, and book and carpet exhibits.
During the opening ceremony of the festival, which will take place on Friday 14 July afternoon, a vibrant tribute will be paid to Mr. Mohamed Kabbaj Founding President of the Fez-Sais Association and the Spirit of Fez Foundation, and a tribute will be paid to the thinker Ahmed El Khamlichi, director of Dar Al Hadith Al Hassania, and to the eminent Belgian-Moroccan writer Issa Aït Belize, in recognition of their many praiseworthy contributions to social and cultural development of Morocco. In the evening in Bab Makina, three concerts will be held, including that of Aicha Tachinouite, the Catalan group Monica Arrabal and Said Senhaji.
Many writers, thinkers, and researchers will participate in this great cultural event, namely Jean-Marie Simon, France, Saad Eddine Ibrahim of Egypt, Alfonso de Toro of Germany, Roberto Tonini of Italy, Hubert Haddad of France, Nizar Abdelkader (Lebanon), Michael Willis (Great Britain), Johan Goud (Netherlands), Ahmed Assid, Abdelkader Benali, Mohammed Taifi, Mohammed Nedali (Morocco) and many more!
All in all, this thirteenth edition of the Fez Festival of Amazigh culture will be rich and varied, and a good opportunity for all the young people and the inhabitants of the Fes-Meknes region, to enjoy the highlights of the Festival: debates and music concerts in the heart of the medina of Fez, an imperial and marvellous historical city.

Programme of the Forum


Amazighity and Cultural Diversity Confronting Extremisms


Friday, July 14


17:00:   Arrival of participants
17:30:   Opening of the Forum and the Festival  
             Opening remarks


19:00 Tribute to the Honourable:  Mohammed Kabbaj, Ahmed El Khamlichi, and
           Issa Ait Belize


18: 30   Keynote 1: «The Weaving of languages" (in French)
                                    Hubert Haddad (Writer)


19:20 Reception and a Tour of Expositions


Saturday, July 15
Morning


9:00 – 9:30
Room 1


              Keynote 2:   Criticism of Extreme Reason
                                       Maati  Kabbal (Institute of The Arab World, Paris)
                                         Moderator: Fatima Sadiqi
9 :30 – 10 :30
Room 1


First Session:      Insights on Some Apects of the Amazigh Culture in North Africa
                                  Moderator: Issa Aït Belize


Speakers:  
Jilali Saib (Mohamed V University, Rabat)
Meryam Demnati (Amazigh Observatory of Rights and Freedoms, Rabat)
Madina Touré (Nouakchot University, Mauritania)
Slimane Douih (Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Fez)


10:30 – 11:00 Debate


11:00 – 11:30


              Keynote 3: Enemies, Allies or Competitors? Islamist-Amazigh Movement Relations in Morocco and Algeria
                             Michael J. Willis (Oxford University, United Kingdom)
                               Moderator: Moha Ennaji

11 : 30 – 11 : 50   Coffee break


Room 1
11 : 50 – 12 :50


Second Session : Reflections on the Theories of Cultural Studies and                        
                                  Globalization
                                    Moderator:  Alfonso de Toro
Speakers :  
Mohamed Taifi (University of Virginia, USA)
Issa Aït Belize (Moroccan-Belgian Writer, Brussels)
Bouthaina Ben Kridis (University of Carthage, Tunisia)
Alberto Tonini (University of Florence, Italie)


12: 50 – 13: 15 Debate


15:30 – 16:15  


Room 1


Third Session:          Literature, Art and Cohabitation
Moderator: Mohamed Fousshi
Speakers :
Enza Palamara (François Rabelais University, Tours, France)
Ali Fertahi (Moulay Slimane University, Béni-Mellal)
Juliane Tauchnitz (University of Leipzig, Germany)


16:15 –16 :45  Debate


16 :45 – 17 :15


                              Keynote 4: Alfonso de Toro (University of Leipzig,  
                                                     Germany)                                        
                                           Culture as a Weapon against Extremism
      Moderator : Jilali Saib


17:15 – 18:05   Coffee break


18 :05- 19 :35  
Room 2


Parallel Session: Painting Workshop on "Fighting Extremism"
Hosted by Khadija Madani Alaoui and Tarek Sadki (University of Fez)


18 :05 - 18:50  
Room 1


Fourth Session:   Multiculturalism, Multilingualism and Extremism
                                  Moderator:   Juliane Tauchnitz


Speakers:
Nizar Abdelkader (Lebanon)
Fatima Sadiqi (International Institute for Langues and Cultures, Fez)
Belkacem Boumedini (Mustapha STAMBOULI University, Mascara, Algeria)
Nebia Dadoua Hadria (CRASC. Oran, Algeria)


18:50 -19:20 Debate



Sunday, July 16th


9 :00 – 12 :00


Room 2


Parallel Session: Story-telling Workshop on "Fighting Extremism"
Facilitated by: Jean-Marie Simon (Stories lighter, France and Mohammed El Alami, University of Fez)


Room 1
9 :00 – 10 :00


Fifth Session:   Amazigh, Religion and Democracy
                               Moderator: Meryam Demnati
Speakers:
Johan Goud  (University of Utrecht, Holland)
Yahya Belaskri (France)
Moha Ennaji (International Institute for Langues and Cultures, Fez)


10 :00 – 10:30  Debate


10 :30  - 11 :00


                     Keynote 5: Equality values in Amazigh Culture
                 Ahmed Assid (Amazigh Observatory of Rights and Freedoms, Rabat)
Moderator: Mohamed Nedali


11 :00 – 11:20  Coffee break
11 :20 – 12:35


Sixth Session:     Radicalization of Youth and Extremism
                                Moderator : Nizar Abdelkader


Speakers:
Abdelkader Benali (Moroccan-Dutch writer)
Bruce Maddy-Weitzman (Senior Research Fellow)
Jean-Marie Simon (France)


12:35 - 13: 05   Debate


13: 05 – 13:35   Programmed speech: Saad Eddine Ibrahim (Ibn Khaldoun
   
          Volando Sobre el Misterioso y Lejano Blue Hole Beliceño        

La primera vez que supe sobre el BLUE HOLE quede maravillado!!! Que es esto? Como se formó? Como llego hasta allá?

La entrada Volando Sobre el Misterioso y Lejano Blue Hole Beliceño aparece primero en Arturo Bullard.


          Push Gifts        
Push gifts are becoming more common these days then ever before! This is a gift you give your partner either shortly before or after baby is born or adopted to show your love for bringing this little life into the world! These gifts range in a variety of different prices and types, here are few suggestions to get you started!

Jewelry, you can never go wrong here! Think of sentimental pieces like something with the child's birthstone, an addition to a wedding ring, charms for a necklace, and a right hand ring are all good choices. I personally LOVE the charms and you can go as pricey as Helen Ficalora pieces or even Origami Owl has a beautiful selection! With this brand you can change out the charms & plates that appeal to all moms likes!



A vacation!! This could be a family one or a flight out of town with just the two of you. The most ideal time to do this is awhile after baby is born! I do not suggest doing this as a surprise though, new moms have major anxiety about leaving their children so this will take proper planning! You could do a weekend in the wine country in California, party time in Las Vegas, a fun tropical vacation to Belize or Turks and Caicos... or my dream would be getting swept off my feet to Paris!! If you are bringing the baby or kids you may want to rethink this and do something a little more kid friendly... however even all these places would be an option with family!

Baby Bag, moms have to really give up their favorite purse for a long while after baby comes! A nice bag to tote around can really put a smile on her face! Think fashion and function when making your selection. Petunia Pickle is my top list fav!! These bags come in all different patterns and sizes, it even includes the accessory items like wallets and iphone cases! Babystop in Scottsdale as a huge selection of Petunia Pickle bags, stop in and check them out! Skip Hop is another great brand, and very affordable. This is one that even dad would be okay hauling around! Another really great choice is the Kate Spade collection of diaper bags! Polka Dots, stripes, floral and even a solid sleek black... you cannot go wrong here!


A NEW CAR!!! We all loved to see the look of sheer delight when Bob Barker announced this prize on the Price is Right- can you imagine what your partner would say! Now this is obviously not for the budget conscious, but if you got it then go for it! Make sure you know what tickles her fancy, a Swaggin' Wagon, top of the line SUV, or go green with a Hybrid! Keep in mind she needs space in the car for strollers, car seats and cheerios so a Maserati may need to wait till the kids are older!

No matter what you have to spend, there is something out there! Nothing means more then a token of your appreciation. If you are really at a loss then ask her, or ask a friend of hers.

Happy Shopping!

XX,
Stephanie Antoinette
          MerchantNavy Training And Placement         
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          Variações linguísticas, étnicas e climáticas.        
     Podemos observar  a grande diversidade cultural, pois há a utilização do português, espanhol,  ocasionalmente o francês, holandês, inglês (em alguns países) e também a presença de línguas nativas. Já em relação a etnia, há uma variação de um país para o outro. Existem negros, brancos, índios e mestiços.

     Na América Latina destacam-se os climas tropicais, úmidos ou secos, aparecendo, em alguns pontos, o tropical de altitude. Em meio a essa vasta extensão tropical, existe um trecho de clima equatorial, também muito amplo, marcado por reduzida amplitude térmica, elevadas temperaturas e chuvas constantes.



PaísCapitalMaior cidadeLínguaPopulação
hab
Território
km²
PIB (2006)
Bilhões USD
correntes
PIB (2006)
per capita
USD (PPP)
 ArgentinaBuenos AiresBuenos AiresEspanhol40.403.9432.766.889212.59512.080
 BelizeBelmopanBelmopanInglês,
Espanhol e
Creole
314.27522.9662.3077.800
 BolíviaLa Paz (administrativa) e
Sucre (constitucional e judicial)
La PazEspanhol,
Quíchua e
Aimará
9.627.2691.098.58111.2212.931
 BrasilBrasíliaSão PauloPortuguês194.790.6308.514.8761998.70610.073
 ChileSantiago do ChileSantiago do ChileEspanhol16.800.000756,950145.84512.811
 ColômbiaBogotáBogotáEspanhol44.379.5981,141,748135.8838.260
 Costa RicaSan JoséSan JoséEspanhol4.327.00051,10021.46611.862
 CubaHavanaHavanaEspanhol11.382.820110,86140.0004.100
 El SalvadorSan SalvadorSan SalvadorEspanhol6.881.00021,04118.6545.600
 EquadorQuitoGuayaquilEspanhol13.363.593272.04541.4024.835
 Guiana FrancesaCaienaCaienaFrancês190.84286,504????
 GuatemalaCidade da GuatemalaCidade da GuatemalaI was trained as an economist, but in the field I quickly realized that to value nature’s benefits I needed skills and insights from other disciplines. With limited time, scant data, no interdisciplinary team or funds for consultants, I cobbled together the best assessment I could. A lagoon management plan was put in place. I was inspired by the power of economic arguments for environmentally-sound decisions.

On my return, I read the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA). I was alarmed by its evidence: global biodiversity and two-thirds of ecosystem services were in decline. I saw my work was just a drop in the ocean of what was needed. And it motivated me – and many others – to devote our careers to reverse these declines.

A decade later, and in large part inspired by the MA, there are tremendous advances in science and tools that make it easier to quantify, map and value nature’s benefits to support better decisions. The Natural Capital Project, co-founded by WWF with Stanford University, The Nature Conservancy and the University of Minnesota back in 2006, is a leader in these efforts. Its founders were inspired to turn the powerful concept of natural capital into reality. It advances science, creates tools (such as InVEST) and works closely to integrate nature’s benefits to humanity into decisions by governments, businesses and communities. What a boon its water quality model would have been in Manihiki!

WWF and Natural Capital Project scientists, along with other researchers and practitioners just published a Special Feature on ‘Nature as Capital’ in the 100th Anniversary Edition of The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA (PNAS). The Special Feature reflects advances in the science and application of information on ecosystem services in policies and plans – such as Belize’s coastal zone management plan, China’s ambitious ecosystem service protection policies, and market-based conservation strategies in Sumatra.

We must celebrate emerging success stories, but we know it also takes time to change people’s understanding about how we depend on nature. Crafting better plans involves intense negotiations among multiple, often conflicting groups. Uptake by businesses and governments is nowhere near what is needed given how fast we are losing our natural capital. The Special Feature sets out an agenda for future research and action.

A lagoon. An island. A country’s coastline. These are just a few green dots on the globe. Can we improve decisions across entire countries or regions? How? Myanmar and Mozambique are blazing a trail with a level of ambition that is inspirational. Myanmar’s President and the Mozambican Government have requested WWF’s support to map their entire countries’ natural capital as the basis for better development planning. Watch this space.


          Risk and Results in Belize        

What do looking both ways to cross the street, buying insurance, and marine conservation have in common? Answer: They are all strategies for reducing risks. And we do such things because they help to achieve better results — crossing safely, avoiding bankruptcy, and preserving the coastal habitats that manatees, turtles, and people all depend on.

Working with researchers and planners from WWF, Stanford University, and the Belizean government, we developed a new method to assess risk to coastal and marine habitats. Our habitat risk assessment (HRA) model produces maps that show where damage to ecosystems like coral reefs and mangroves is most likely to occur now and under any number of future scenarios.

Coastal planners can use this information to prioritize habitats for conservation action and to identify where to relocate certain activities that can have negative impacts on habitats we care about. By moving activities to areas without sensitive ecosystems or reducing their intensity, coastal planners can significantly reduce risks to habitats without compromising economic development.

Just like deciding when to cross the street, assessing risk to habitats requires two kinds of information: exposure and consequence. Exposure is the distance between you and an oncoming car as each second passes. Consequence is what would happen if you got hit by that car. Similarly, habitats exposed to a risk or stressor experience the same stress differently. The HRA model combines information about exposure and consequence to identify which habitats are at the greatest risk where, and whether reducing exposure to a particularly damaging activity is a viable management strategy. Using this red-yellow-blue risk-management system, coastal planners can then limit damaging activities near coastal habitats, establish conservation-compatible activities near the most vulnerable habitats, and expand economic and development activities in areas where risks are low.

The results of our HRA study, published today in Environmental Research Letters, were used to establish guidelines for Belize's first national coastal zone management plan. The plan reduces the area of habitat at high risk by 20%, while also expanding economic opportunities — tripling the area for coastal development and tourism infrastructure, doubling that for marine aquaculture, and holding steady the area for lobster fishing. This example shows that in places like Belize we can both reduce risks to habitats and the species we care about and provide opportunities for smart economic development.

The open source HRA software is now online and freely available as part of the Natural Capital Project's InVEST toolkit. You can also explore maps of the risk results, habitats and activities.


          Games: a Win for Conservation        

Natural capital is everywhere. It’s the fresh air we breathe, the clean water we drink, the beautiful coral reefs we visit that protect coastal communities from storms and support fisheries around the world.

Some of these benefits that our lands, waters and biodiversity provide are not fully appreciated, often because they don’t have a price tag like products in a store. Yet without them our well-being, even our survival, would be threatened.

Through the Natural Capital Project—where WWF is a founding partner—we seek to improve the state of human wellbeing by motivating greater and more cost-effective investments in natural capital. Valuing nature helps ensure that the benefits people enjoy today will be available to support their health and livelihoods well into the future.

In the MesoAmerican Reef, Best Coast Belize generated an excitement among players that was contagious. The conservation leaders struck up a friendly competition among teams, shouting and laughing about game decisions and scores. Several subsequently took up a natural capital approach in their work. Building on that success, we honed and refined our game over the next three years, testing it with over 1500 players in 20 countries. Players have included WWF partners in conservation, business leaders, local and national policy makers, students, researchers, and scientists.


          The Living Planet Report: Alarming Trends and a Path Forward        

Today, World Wildlife Fund released the 2014 Living Planet Report. The report is always a must read update on the state of the planet, but this edition is especially important for anyone who cares about biodiversity. The headline finding is that vertebrate populations around the world have declined by an average of 52% between 1970 and 2010.

The situation is even worse if we look at the tropics, with an 83% species decline in Latin America. These are sobering statistics for me, and I’m sure for you as well.

If you dig deeper into the Living Planet Report, you will discover that animal declines are not uniform around the world. Freshwater species have been especially hard hit, down 76% in my lifetime, compared to “just” 39% for terrestrial and marine species. Animal populations in Latin America are down a shocking 83%. Elsewhere in the species-rich tropics, populations are down 56% percent compared to 36% in temperate zones. The world’s network of protected areas is helping limit the losses as animal populations in parks and wildlife refuges are only down 18%. While the magnitude of declines may vary, the trend lines all point in the same troubling direction — down.

Why are we seeing these alarming trends? Simply put, they are a consequence of the growing demands of the human population. More people are consuming more natural resources. And insodoing, they are clearing forests, plowing grasslands, polluting waters, and emptying the oceans.

This is not just a problem for wildlife. It’s a problem for you and me, too. As I wrote about in a previous LiveScience post, humans are consuming natural resources faster than nature can replenish them. Every year, we use 1.5 planet’s worth of natural resources. Overshoot day marks the day when we have used up our annual supply of renewable resources and start spending down the Earth’s natural capital. This year that day was August 20, and it comes earlier every year.

Instead of living sustainably within our ecological means, we are borrowing from our future to pay for our present. According to the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment, 60% of ecosystem services — things like water supplies, fish stocks, fertile soils, and storm protection — are already in decline because of human impacts on the natural environment. Sometimes you need to dip into your savings to make ends meet, but you go back to saving again as soon as you can. Well people have been dipping into the planet’s natural capital account since 1975, and every year we take more than we took the year before.

So what are we to do? When my colleagues and I reflect on our conservation work, we see hope in WWF’s past accomplishments to protect the world’s most important places like the Amazon and iconic species. When we take a clear-eyed look at the trends described in the LPR, we also know we will have to accomplish much more in the future. I am most excited about three things that WWF is doing to start to reverse the current trends in animal populations.

First, we are looking at our conservation strategies with fresh eyes to ask how they might be scaled up to achieve larger conservation impact. The secret lies in developing strategies that can be implemented by others, effectively multiplying the impact that WWF could have by itself. To do that, we are using science to develop forecasts of how much conservation impact we think a project may have in order to identify the most promising strategies. And we are using impact evaluations — common in the health sector but cutting edge in conservation — to rigorously measure the impacts of strategies so that we better understand the conditions under which they can be successfully replicated.

An example of a multiplicative strategy with great potential impact is community-based conservation. WWF has been working in close collaboration with a number of communities in Namibia to develop their own conservation programs. The results have been a resurgence of rhinos, lions and other wildlife, and economic development opportunity for local people. Variations of this strategy are now being developed with communities all around the world, from Nepal, to the Arctic, and even with Native American communities in the Northern Great Plains of the US.

Finally, WWF is working with the private sector and with governments to help them incorporate natural capital considerations into their business and development decisions. WWF and The Coca-Cola Company have already collaborated to significantly reduce the amount of water used to produce beverages and other products. WWF scientists are now working with Coke to use natural capital accounting to source agricultural commodities that are sustainably produced and will contribute positively to watershed health. In Belize, WWF scientists have helped government officials and stakeholder groups to develop a science-based coastal zone management plan that balances economic development with protection of vital natural capital such as coral reefs, sea grass beds and mangrove forests that attract tourists, sustain fisheries, and protect coastal towns and infrastructure

These strategies give me hope in the face of the LPR trends because they show  the promise of what might be accomplished when conservation harnesses the creative potential of innovation and the multiplicative power of collaboration.


          Codes for making International Calls        

What is a Country Code?

      Country codes are used to make International Phone calls.Every country has a unique country code. Country codes are the prefixes you need to dial before calling to the country.This short alphabetic or numeric geographical codes (geocodes) are developed to represent countries and dependent areas.The International Dialing codes of a country is called "Country Code" or  International Area Code(IAC) or International Calling Codes.

International Calling codes of all countries



Country Codes List




CountryCountry Code
Abkhazia+995 44 +7 840, 940
Afghanistan+93
Albania+355
Algeria+213
American Samoa+1 684
Andorra+376
Angola+244
Anguilla+1 264
Antigua and Barbuda+1 268
Argentina+54
Armenia+374
Aruba+297
Ascension Island+247
Australia+61
Australian Antarctic Territory+672 1x
Austria+43
Azerbaijan+994
Bahamas+1 242
Bahrain+973
Bangladesh+880
Barbados+1 246
Belarus+375
Belgium+32
Belize+501
Benin+229
Bermuda+1 441
Bhutan+975
Bolivia+591
Bonaire+599 7
Bosnia and Herzegovina+387
Botswana+267
Brazil+55
British Indian Ocean Territory+246
British Virgin Islands+1 284
Brunei+673
Bulgaria+359
Burkina Faso+226
Burundi+257
Cambodia+855
Cameroon+237
Canada+1
Cape Verde+238
Cayman Islands+1 345
Central African Republic+236
Chad+235
Chile+56
Christmas Island+61 8 9164
Cocos Islands+61 8 9162
Colombia+57
Cook Islands+682
Costa Rica+506
Côte d'Ivoire+225
Croatia+385
Cuba+53
Curacao+599 9
Cyprus+357
Czech Republic+420
Democratic Republic of the Congo+243
Denmark+45
Djibouti+253
Dominica+1 767
Dominican Republic+1 809 / 829 / 849
East Timor+670
Ecuador+593
Egypt+20
El Salvador+503
Equatorial Guinea+240
Eritrea+291
Estonia+372
Ethiopia+251
Falkland Islands+500
Faroe Islands+298
Federated States of Micronesia+691
Fiji+679
Finland+358
France+33
French Guiana+594
French Polynesia+689
Gabon+241
Gambia+220
Georgia+995
Germany+49
Ghana+233
Gibraltar+350
Global Mobile Satellite System+881
Greece+30
Greenland+299
Grenada+1 473
Guadeloupe+590
Guam+1 671
Guatemala+502
Guernsey+44 1481
Guinea+224
Guinea-Bissau+245
Guyana+592
Haiti+509
Honduras+504
Hong Kong+852
Hungary+36
Iceland+354
India+91
Indonesia+62
International Freephone UIFN+800
International Premium Rate Service+979
Iran+98
Iraq+964
Ireland+353
Isle of Man+44 1624
Israel+972
Italy+39
Jamaica+1 876
Japan+81
Jersey+44 1534
Jordan+962
Kazakhstan+7 6xx, 7xx
Kenya+254
Kiribati+686
Kosovo+377 44 / 45 +386 43 / 49 +381 28 / 29 / 38 / 39
Kuwait+965
Kyrgyzstan+996
Laos+856
Latvia+371
Lebanon+961
Lesotho+266
Liberia+231
Libya+218
Liechtenstein+423
Lithuania+370
Luxembourg+352
Macau+853
Macedonia+389
Madagascar+261
Mainland China+86
Malawi+265
Malaysia+60
Maldives+960
Mali+223
Malta+356
Marshall Islands+692
Martinique+596
Mauritania+222
Mauritius+230
Mayotte+262 269 / 639
Mexico+52
Moldova+373
Monaco+377
Mongolia+976
Montenegro+382
Montserrat+1 664
Morocco+212
Mozambique+258
Myanmar+95
Nagorno-Karabakh+374 47 / 97
Namibia+264
Nauru+674
Nepal+977
Netherlands+31
New Caledonia+687
New Zealand+64
Nicaragua+505
Niger+227
Nigeria+234
Niue+683
Norfolk Island+672 3
North Korea+850
Northern Mariana Islands+1 670
Norway+47
Oman+968
Pakistan+92
Palau+680
Palestinian territories+970
Panama+507
Papua New Guinea+675
Paraguay+595
Peru+51
Philippines+63
Poland+48
Portugal+351
Puerto Rico+1 787 / 939
Qatar+974
Republic of China (Taiwan)+886
Republic of the Congo+242
Réunion+262
Romania+40
Russia+7
Rwanda+250
Saba+599 4
Saint Helena+290
Saint Kitts and Nevis+1 869
Saint Lucia+1 758
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines+1 784
Saint-Pierre and Miquelon+508
Samoa+685
San Marino+378
São Tomé and Príncipe+239
Saudi Arabia+966
Senegal+221
Serbia+381
Seychelles+248
Sierra Leone+232
Singapore+65
Sint Eustatius+599 3
Sint Maarten+599 5
Slovakia+421
Slovenia+386
Solomon Islands+677
Somalia+252
South Africa+27
South Korea+82
South Sudan+211
Spain+34
Sri Lanka+94
Sudan+249
Suriname+597
Swaziland+268
Sweden+46
Switzerland+41
Syria+963
Tajikistan+992
Tanzania+255
Telecommunications for Disaster Relief by OCHA+888
Thailand+66
Togo+228
TokelauList of Currencies of the World and their Currency Symbols

There are 179 currencies in the world.
List of Currencies of the World
Currencies of the World

Currency Symbols

CurrencySymbol
Afghan afghani؋
Albanian lekL
Alderney pound£
Algerian dinarد.ج
Angolan kwanzaKz
Argentine peso$
Armenian dramդր.
Aruban florinƒ
Ascension pound£
Australian dollar$
Bahamian dollar$
Bahraini dinar.د.ب
Bangladeshi taka৳
Barbadian dollar$
Belarusian rubleBr
Belize dollar$
Bermudian dollar$
Bhutanese ngultrumNu.
Bolivian bolivianoBs.
Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible markKM or КМ
Botswana pulaP
Brazilian realR$
British pound£
British Virgin Islands dollar$
Brunei dollar$
Bulgarian levлв
Burundian francFr
Cambodian riel៛
Canadian dollar$
Cape Verdean escudoEsc or $
Cayman Islands dollar$
Central African CFA francFr
CFP francFr
Chilean peso$
Chinese yuan¥ or 元
Cocos (Keeling) Islands dollar$
Colombian peso$
Comorian francFr
Congolese francFr
Cook Islands dollar$
Costa Rican colón₡
Croatian kunakn
Cuban convertible peso$
Cuban peso$
Czech korunaKč
Danish kronekr
Djiboutian francFr
Dominican peso$
East Caribbean dollar$
Egyptian pound£ or ج.م
Eritrean nakfaNfk
Ethiopian birrBr
Euro€
Falkland Islands pound£
Faroese krónakr
Fijian dollar$
Gambian dalasiD
Georgian lariლ
Ghanaian cedi₵
Gibraltar pound£
Guatemalan quetzalQ
Guernsey pound£
Guinean francFr
Guyanese dollar$
Haitian gourdeG
Honduran lempiraL
Hong Kong dollar$
Hungarian forintFt
Icelandic krónakr
Indian rupee₹
Indonesian rupiahRp
Iranian rialï·¼
Iraqi dinarع.د
Israeli new shekel₪
Jamaican dollar$
Japanese yen¥
Jersey pound£
Jordanian dinarد.ا
Kazakhstani tenge₸
Kenyan shillingSh
Kiribati dollar$
Kuwaiti dinarد.ك
Kyrgyzstani somлв
Lao kip₭
Latvian latsLs
Lebanese poundل.ل
Lesotho lotiL
Liberian dollar$
Libyan dinarل.د
Lithuanian litasLt
Macanese patacaP
Macedonian denarден
Malagasy ariaryAr
Malawian kwachaMK
Malaysian ringgitRM
Maldivian rufiyaaރ.
Manx pound£
Mauritanian ouguiyaUM
Mauritian rupee₨
Mexican peso$
Micronesian dollar$
Moldovan leuL
Mongolian tögrög₮
Moroccan dirhamد.م.
Mozambican meticalMTn
Myanma kyatK
Nagorno-Karabakh dramդր.
Namibian dollar$
Nauruan dollar$
Nepalese rupee₨
Netherlands Antillean guilderƒ
New Taiwan dollar$
New Zealand dollar$
Nicaraguan córdoba
          Countries in North America        
North America is the third largest continent in the world , comprising of 23 countries.Here is the list of 23 countries in North America and their capitals.
North America



 S.no. Countries Capitals
          1.          
Antigua and Barbuda
St. John's
2.
The Bahamas
Nassau
3.
Barbados
Bridgetown
4.
Belize
Belmopan
5.
Canada
Ottawa
6.
Costa Rica
San José
7.
Cuba
Havana
8.
Dominica
Roseau
9.
The Dominican Republic
Santo Domingo
10.
El Salvador
San Salvador
11.
Grenada
St. George's
12.
Guatemala
Guatemala City
13.
Haiti
Port-au-Prince
14.
Honduras
Tegucigalpa
15.
Jamaica
Kingston
16.
Mexico
Mexico City
17.
Nicaragua
Managua
18.
Panama
Panama City
19.
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Basseterre
20.
Saint Lucia
Castries
21.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Kingstown
22.
Trinidad and Tobago
Port of Spain
23.
The United States
Washington, District of Columbi


          A PICTURE OF MONKEY BUSINESS - OR, HOW A SMALL FURRY PET BECAME A GIANT MYSTERY APE. PART 2: THE TRUE HISTORY OF AMERANTHROPOIDES LOYSI        

The uncropped version of Dr François de Loys's photograph of the supposed South American ape Ameranthropoides loysi – one of the most controversial cryptozoological images of all time (public domain)

Welcome to my 600th post on ShukerNature! Befitting of such a momentous occasion, the subject documented by me in this post is of profound cryptozoological significance – revealing how one of the most infamous mystery beast frauds of all time was finally exposed. In Part 1 (click here) of this two-part ShukerNature article, I documented the 'official' history of a truly extraordinary mystery creature - a supposedly genuine, tailless, bipedal South American ape, reputedly encountered and killed in the Venezuelan jungle almost exactly a century ago by a team of geologists led by one Dr François de Loys, and subsequently dubbed Ameranthropoides loysi ('Loys's American ape') by a radical French zoologist called Prof. George Montandon who held very extreme, controversial views concerning human evolution. Now it's time to document this creature's true history, by presenting the crucial yet all-too-long-overlooked information that conclusively exposed the entire Ameranthropoides episode as a blatant, deliberate hoax.

The 'official' history of Ameranthropoides loysi began to unravel on 16 July 1962. This was when the Caracas, Venezuela, newspaper El Universal's historian Guillermo José Schael published in the paper a telegram lately received from the village of Casigua, in the Tarra River region of Venezuela, concerning a supposed giant spider that had allegedly strangled to death a ranch worker named Juancho. Not surprisingly, this dramatic news attracted considerable interest from readers, and elicited a letter from a hunter named Jerónimo Martínez-Mendoza, which was published on 17 July by El Universal.

In it, Martínez-Mendoza suggested that the report was mistaken, that it had probably been a giant spider monkey which had attacked and killed Juancho, and he drew comparisons in his letter with the Ameranthropoides incident. This letter was in turn read by Dr Enrique Tejera Guevara (1899-1980), a Venezuelan-born friend of de Loys in the field (as well as a decorated tropical physician and pathologist, ambassador, and minister in the Venezuelan government), who lost no time in replying via a letter of his own, but which contained a truly sensational disclosure.

Enrique Tejera Guevara (Wikipedia CC BY 4.0 licence)

Published in El Universal on 19 July 1962, Dr Tejera's letter revealed that back on 11 March 1929 (mistakenly given as 1919 in the newspaper-published version of his letter) he had attended a lecture at the Academy of Sciences in Paris, France, given by Montandon concerning Ameranthropoides, but that he had been very surprised to hear Montandon's claims about the creature being a very tall, bipedal, tailless South American ape. Consequently, at the end of the lecture Tejera had stood up, and, to a hushed audience, had brusquely dismissed Montandon's claims as nonsense.

Tejera informed them that he had actually been in the company of de Loys in 1917 when the famous encounter with the two apes and the shooting of one of them had supposedly taken place – but affirmed that no such encounter or shooting had in fact occurred. Instead, the creature in the photograph was nothing more than de Loys's own normal-sized pet marimonda spider monkey, which he had dubbed 'the monkey-man', and whose tail had been amputated after it had become infected. Moreover, after his pet spider monkey had later died, and again in the presence of Tejera, de Loys had decided, as a joke, to take a photo of its body propped upright and sitting on a crate.

And as the climax of his dramatic exposé, Tejera proclaimed that it was this joke picture that had subsequently become known as the now-infamous Ameranthropoides'ape' photograph, thanks to Montandon, and which with Frankensteinian vigour had swiftly raged out of its creator's control - until in order to preserve his reputation as a serious scientist, a highly embarrassed de Loys, seeing no way of extricating himself from this most unwelcome situation without looking very foolish indeed, had thereby found himself unable to confess the truth.

Banana trees (public domain)

But that was not all. Far from being in an area of wild, uncharted jungle in peril from attacks by Motilone Indians at the time when the photograph was taken as claimed by de Loys, he and his party were actually in an oil exploration camp very close to civilisation. Furthermore, there was vital, conclusive proof of this statement contained in the uncropped version of the Ameranthropoides photograph, yet which had been overlooked by everyone for decades, even after Tejera's earth-shattering announcement in front of a shocked and stunned Montandon back in 1929.

The proof was the presence in this picture of a banana crop on the opposite side of the river from where the dead spider monkey was propped up and photographed. Banana trees are of Asian and Australasian origin, they are not native to the New World, having been introduced there by humans, and they can only grow near civilisation, not in the wild jungle region of South America where de Loys had averred that the photograph had been snapped. So the presence of banana trees in that picture verified that it had been snapped in the former location, not in the latter one that de Loys had alleged. This in turn also negates a claim made by him that whilst supposedly in the remote jungle, no fewer than 17 of his men had died due to the inhospitable conditions and the hostile Motilone Indians (in reality, there is no independent confirmation of this). In addition, Tejera revealed that rather than de Loys having led a single 4-year expedition to the Tarra River region as so frequently claimed in subsequent accounts of the Ameranthropoides case, he had instead led several much shorter ones (Tejera even provided their respective specific dates), and rarely beyond the perimeter of civilisation, as demonstrated, for instance, by the presence of banana trees in the Ameranthropoides photo.

Having said that, the portion of the photograph showing these trees is sufficiently blurred for their conclusive identification to be somewhat tricky. Tejera was there when the photo was taken, so obviously he could clearly discern their true nature, but the evidence for them from the photo alone is less certain. Happily, however, there is one additional aspect of this image that vindicates his statement. In the lower right quadrant of the photo, alongside the monkey in the foreground, a leafy shoot is present that is identifiable as a chopped-down but now-regenerating banana tree (I have shown this to various friends who have kept banana trees, and they have all affirmed that this shoot is indeed one). I have arrowed it in the uncropped photo reproduced below.

De Loys's full, uncropped Ameranthropoides photograph with the banana tree shoot in the foreground arrowed (public domain)

In addition, an aspect that, very surprisingly, seems not to have been considered previously is that for a creature supposedly killed by a hail of bullets, it seems in the photograph to be remarkably free of bullet holes or wounds, especially as it was supposedly shot from the front, not from the back or side. This of course is readily explained by the fact that, thanks to Tejera, we now know that the creature wasn't an attacking ape that had been shot, it was merely a pet monkey that had died of natural causes.

Equally, as the photographed 'ape' specimen was merely a marimonda spider monkey after all, de Loys's allegation that its dentition was different from that of spider monkeys was clearly yet another falsehood. And no doubt his so-convenient explanation of why the skull had not been retained for formal scientific examination (he claimed that the camp cook had converted it into a salt container and that it had then fallen apart), which of course would have readily identified its true taxonomic nature and exposed his dentition claim as false, was also a blatant lie. Little wonder, then, why de Loys was not able to escape from the web of deceit that he had spun when carrying out his joke, and which had ultimately and inextricably enveloped him.

But that was still not everything. At least two years before penning to El Universal his devastating letter outing and condemning Montandon and the entire Ameranthropoides charade, Tejera had actually revealed all of this to fellow medical practitioner Dr Raymond Fiasson, who had documented it in his book Des Indiens et des Mouches: Dans les Llanos du Vénézuela(1960). Yet this too had escaped attention from cryptozoologists and zoologists alike. So also had a section included by American primatologist Prof. Earnest Hooton in his book Man's Poor Relations (1946) – a significant but hitherto-overlooked snippet until French cryptozoologist Michel Raynal had rediscovered it in 2007 (during that same year, Michel had also been instrumental in bringing Fiasson's documentation to public notice). Prof. Hooter had revealed that in late 1932, American geologist A. James Durlacher had written to him announcing that in 1927 he had spoken to various former members of de Loys's expeditions and had learnt from them that Ameranthropoideshad indeed merely been a marimonda spider monkey. Even more frustrating, in 2001 Spanish researchers Bernardo Urbani, Dr Ángel L. Viloria, and Franco Urbani had presented much of this key information in a paper published by the Spanish journal Anartia, Publicaciones Ocasionales del Museo de Biologia de La Universidad del Zulia, in which they had concluded that the Ameranthropoides saga was certainly a hoax – but yet again, this revelation had somehow evaded widespread attention! (It is even possible that Tejera's dramatic intervention at the end of Montandon's lecture back in 1929 was subsequently documented in some French newspaper(s) and/or periodical(s), but if so these too failed to attract any public notice and still await rediscovery.)

The revelatory book by Bernardo Urbani and Dr Ángel L. Viloria – Ameranthropoides loysi Montandon 1929: The History of a Primatological Fraud (© Bernardo Urbani and Dr Ángel L. Viloria/Editorial LibrosEnRed – reproduced here on a strictly educational, non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

Happily, however, their skilful detective work uncovering this hoax was at last given its long-deserved international attention when, in 2008, Bernardo Urbani and Dr Viloriapublished all of their findings in book form – Ameranthropoides loysi Montandon 1929: The History of a Primatological Fraud. The book's text was presented in two separate languages, English and Spanish, and was fully referenced, thus constituting the most comprehensive, and now-definitive, study and exposé of the whole sorry Ameranthropoides saga.

One final point to consider here, which I haven't seen mentioned before but which has intrigued me for some time, is whether de Loys was at least partly inspired when setting up his hoax photo by a very distinctive illustration that was still famous back then, although much less so today.

In 1758, eminent English naturalist and wildlife painter George Edwards wrote and illustrated Gleanings of Natural History, an authoritative tome that would remain a major work on that subject for well over a century. One of its illustrations was a hand-coloured copper engraving by Edwards of a young orang utan, among the first pictures ever prepared of this great ape, in which the orang utan was portrayed sitting upright on a wooden bench holding a long tall wooden stick in one hand. If this illustration is compared with the iconic Ameranthropoidesphoto, a number of striking similarities can be seen, including the orientation and/or form of the feet, limbs, facial expression, and even the stick (albeit utilised for different purposes).

Comparison of the Ameranthropoides loysi photograph with the George Edwards illustration of an orang utan (public domain)

Consequently, as Gleanings of Natural History was still well known during the early 20thCentury, it is not beyond the realms of possibility that de Loys had seen Edwards's orang utan illustration in it and had elected to reconstruct it using the dead spider monkey, but for practical purposes had transformed the stick into a supporting prop in his photo.

Ameranthropoides loysiRIP...? Although this specific case was a fraud from beginning to end, it should be noted that mystery animal researchers are well aware that large ape-like creatures, walking bipedally and lacking tails, have been frequently reported by natives and Western explorers alike from many parts of Central and South America, where they are referred to locally and variously by such names as the sisimite (in Belize), xipe (Nicaragua), shiru (Colombia), vasitri (Venezuela), didi (Guyana), tarma (Peru), mono rey (Bolivia), caipora and curupira (Brazil), and others too. Detailed documentation of such sightings lies outside the scope of this present article, but one extremely noteworthy, representative encounter occurred as recently as 1987, so is deserving of inclusion here.

That was when New York Botanical Gardens mycologist Gary Samuels was crouching down on the forest floor in Guyana, investigating fungi. Looking up, he was very startled to see a 5-ft-tall hairy ape-man, walking by at close range on its hind legs but seemingly unaware of him as he stayed kneeling, concealed on the ground. This remarkable entity, which uttered an occasional "hoo" cry as it passed by him, was presumably a didi.

O Curupira, by Brazilian painter Manoel Santiago, produced in 1926 and depicting the mythical(?) red-haired man-beast of Brazil known as the curupira (Wikipedia CC BY 4.0 licence)

Explorer Simon Chapman's book, The Monster of the Madidi: Searching For the Giant Ape of the Bolivian Jungle (2001), documented his search in Bolivia's Madidi region for the mono rey. Although he failed to find it, his book does contain a couple of tantalising snippets that were new to me. One was his claim that until recently, a local Bolivian actually owned a pelt from a mono rey, which was then purchased by "a gringo" (European) who took it home and sent it (or samples from it) off for DNA analysis, but the results (if any) were never revealed. No details were given in his book as to who the "gringo" was, where he came from, or where he sent the pelt/samples. The other snippet, which Chapman had apparently attempted unsuccessfully to substantiate, was that a living mono rey had allegedly once been exhibited at Bolivia's Santa Cruz Zoo! (This zoo is known in full as the Santa Cruz de la Sierra Municipal Zoo to distinguish it from others.)

Also worthy of note here is the existence of centuries-old carvings and statues depicting large, tailless, ape-like beasts, found among the crumbling relics from long-gone civilisations in various South American (and also Mexican) localities. Just coincidence – or representations of genuine creatures? There is even an unequivocally ape-like mask preserved at Chicago's Field Museum of Natural History, which had been carved in stone by Costa Rica's Guetar Indians and dates from 1200 to 1500 AD.

At one time, a major zoological stumbling block to accepting the possibility that any such entities actually do exist today in Latin America was the absence of fossil precedents. That all changed in 1995, however, with the publication of a paper by American anthropologist Dr Walter Hartwig in the Journal of Human Evolution, which documented the remains of a very sizeable Pleistocene monkey discovered in the Lagoa Santa cave system of Minas Gerais in southeastern Brazil. In fact, this large-bodied species had originally been described as long ago as 1838, by Danish naturalist Peter Wilhelm Lund, who had named the extinct species Protopithecus brasiliensis. However, later publications concerning it had not examined the original fossils and had underestimated this species' actual size. In his paper, however, Hartwig rectified that error, and estimated that P. brasiliensis may well have been more than twice as massive as any living New World monkey.

Reconstruction of Cartelles coimbrafilhoi(© Hodari Nundu)

Just a year later, on 23 May 1996, Hartwig published a second Protopithecuspaper, this time in Nature and co-authored with Brazilian palaeontologist Dr Castor Cartelle. In it, they described a near-complete skeleton, which had been found in 1992 within Pleistocene cave deposits in Brazil's 60-mile-long Toca da Boa Vista, the longest cave in the Southern Hemisphere, located in the Brazilian state of Bahia. Intriguingly, this skeleton combined a howler monkey-like vocal sac with a spider monkey-like cranium, and sported a robust body with limbs adapted for brachiation (arm-swinging locomotion), similar to both spider monkeys and woolly monkeys (and also Old World gibbons).

The giant species represented by it, which would have weighed around 50 lb, is now housed within the spider monkey subfamily, Atelinae. Moreover, after detailed studies it was considered sufficiently distinct from the earlier Protopithecusmaterial to warrant its reclassification as a new species (and genus) in its own right, which in 2013 was formally christened Cartelles coimbrafilhoiin a Journal of Human Evolution paper written by Drs Lauren B. Halenar and Alfred L. Rosenberger.

Also found in that same cave and at the same time was a near-complete skeleton of another, hitherto-unknown, species of giant Pleistocene ateline monkey. In a Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, USA paper published on 25 June 1996, this new species was duly christened Caipora bambuiorum (after the caipora, a small, peccary-riding humanoid entity in Brazilian Tupi-Guarani mythology), and would have weighed around 45 lb in life. And in 2000, after co-leading a palaeontological expedition to Toca de Boa Vista, Hartwig announced that thousands of fossils, mostly from extinct mammals, had been unearthed there – including the skull of a 55-lb giant spider monkey, over twice the size of any species alive today.

Artistic representation of a caipora riding a peccary (© Jakared/Wikipedia CC BY-SA 3.0 licence)

So perhaps it is premature after all to dismiss entirely the prospect that the Neotropical (platyrrhine) primate lineage may indeed have evolved a larger, ape-like representative via convergent evolution, one that occupies some of the ecological niches filled in the Old World by the apes, and which still awaits formal zoological discovery and recognition.

A very exciting possibility if true, that's for sure!

Further information concerning the history of Ameranthropoides loysi (including evidence supporting the intriguing prospect that some additional photographs taken by de Loys of his spider monkey in Ameranthropoides pose may also exist) can be found in my book Extraordinary Animals Revisited. It also features on its front cover a colourised version of de Loys's notorious yet never-to-be-forgotten South American 'ape' photograph – truly a cryptozoological icon, albeit for all the wrong reasons.





          McAfee Arrest Fuels Twitter With 30 Day Trial Jokes        
Twitter has been buzzing about software millionaire John McAfee after he went on the run from Belize authorities on November 10 and was then captured on Friday. Authorities claim that McAfee murdered his American neighbor, Greg Faull. John claims total innocence and due to complications shortly after the arrest he is currently in the hospital […]
          So Proud        
I can't believe how easy potty training was. Logan has been completely accident free both day AND night for over three weeks now. I am SOOOO proud of him.

He also learned how to ride his tricycle last week while we were watching Jonas. By Sunday, he rode a mile and a half on the trail behind our house. He has been riding daily at distances that I find amazing for his little legs. I don't think his trike was meant for long distance riding. I have definitely been getting my exercise keeping up with him.

This morning we went to the Nature Museum for the first time. He loved the butterfly pavilion, skunk, ground hog that was eating corn on the cob, possum, crow, and mink. He also loved playing in a little water table with fake frogs and tadpoles. Afterwards we went to Freedom Park and ate the lunch we brought overlooking a small creek and suspension bridge. He then rode all around the little lake on his tricycle and played on the stage. We saw two super tiny ducklings. They were so cute.

Logan is amazing with the number of songs that he quickly memorizes and not just kid songs. He knows the choruses to Jason Mraz' I'm Yours, Katy Pearry's Hot and Cold, Britney's Circus, and Taylor Swift's Love Story.

We went to Florida at the end of March and took a cruise to Cozumel and Belize. We got to eat at Pancho's Backyard, which was great as usual. I got some funny looks allowing Logan to split my non-alcoholic margarita there. We didn't even get off of the boat in Belize. We took the Royal Caribbean's Navigator of the Seas. I talked Ryan into that ship mainly for the parades on the promenade deck. I was annoyed to find out that the parades are only at 11pm, which is way too late for Logan. We had lots of fun, but it was exhausting entertaining Logan all day. He loved the sports deck and wanted to play mini-golf, ping pong, and basketball all day long. We also spent a lot of time looking through the various board games in the game room.

After we got back to Florida, we went to Animal Kingdom and Sea World. Animal Kingdom is highly overrated and over priced for someone Logan's age. The highlights were the triceratops dumbo-like ride, brushing the goats at the petting area, and the safari that was a bit rough for both young children and expectant moms. Guess I should have heeded the warning that expectant moms shouldn't ride. Too bad I didn't know that until we were the next in line. Lazy 5, Sea World, and the Brevard Zoo are all much better for seeing actual animals. Sea World was fantastic and we all had a great time. Logan loved feeding the sea lions and feeding and petting the sting rays.

We also went to the Brevard Zoo with Mimi while Ryan was working. We got to see their new petting area that had just opened and included a deer and an emu, along with goats.
          Comment on Discovery by Hurricane by Birthday at Roatan and Belize’s Barrier Reef « Rivertyde        
[...] called Roatan by following news about hurricane Felix. That was 2007 and the entry was called: Discovery by Hurricane. That brief post is one of the most visited on this blog, probably because of folks searching for [...]
          ANiMAL MUNDi: Paca by Corinna of TheFrogBag        

 by Corinna of TheFrogBag

Paca

What has hooves, looks like a watermelon, and barks at night? If you aren’t familiar with pacas you might never guess that this description fits a large tropical rodent. But pacas (genus Cuniculus), also known as gibnuts in Belize, do all this and more.

Weighing up to 30 pounds, pacas are shaped like two-foot long guinea pig torpedoes. Their bodies narrow towards the front, allowing them to run through the rainforest understory without becoming snagged on low-hanging branches. In contrast to their robust torsos their legs look like thin little sticks ending in dainty hooves. These aren’t true hooves of course, but are actually highly adapted nails which function in the same way. 

Gibnut
Belize Zoo

Although solitary and usually silent, they can make surprisingly loud growling and barking noises thanks to resonating chambers inside their cheeks. But, being highly prized as prey by humans, wild cats, large snakes, and caimans, they usually play it safe by remaining well hidden and quiet in burrows during the day. 

Later in the afternoon and evening they venture forth but usually don’t wander far from a home range centered on a clump of fruit-bearing trees. When fruit is scarce they won’t turn up their noses at leaves, flowers, seeds, insects, and even mushrooms though, and play an important role in rainforest seed dispersal. 

Humedo
Wikipedia

The young, unlike rats and other more familiar rodents, are precocial at birth. That means that they’re fully furred, fully sighted, and ready to follow mom wherever she might lead. Even so, they won’t be weaned for another three months, and even then won’t strike out on their own for close to a year. 

In the wild pacas can live for more than a decade, especially if they are cagey about not encountering predators. Their love of water helps with this, since they can swim well and can even dive, staying submerged for several minutes at a time. Even their stripped and spotted coat is anti-predator, functioning as a sort of invisibility cloak in the dappled forest light. Not a bad set of tricks for a creature that many people consider an overgrown mouse. 

PacaLittle
San Diego Zoo



          Central American Artifacts in D.C.        
Did you know that the National Museum of the American Indian in Washington, D.C. has a large bilingual (English/Spanish) exhibit called “Cerámica de los Ancestros: Central America’s Past Revealed“? It’s there until February 15, 2015 and features more than 160 objects from Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama – so check […]
          Cuccio Soak Off LED/UV Color Gel Polish - Belize In Me 13ML        
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          Cuccio Veneer UV/LED For The Love Of Colour 14-Piece Collection - The Love That Lasts Kit (x14 Set)        
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          Move over Sway Stool There’s a New Contender – The Belize Stool        
  In previous blogs I have talked about the Sway stool and comparing it to the Muvman stool. The idea of these stools is that you do not sit on them like normal office stools as they actually move towards you. The reason that they do this is so that you can lean and still feel the benefit of a good posture whilst at work or conversing with a colleague. We spend a lot of our time sitting down, it’s a fact. It is not just at work that we choose to sit, it’s at home, down the pub, in cafes etc… and with the average size of person increasing, who can blame us, standing all day can be strenuous. The reason that this stool is beneficial to us is that it bends towards us allowing the user to lean on it and alleviating the weight on our legs but allowing the user to maintain an ergonomic position. The reason that these types of office chairs or office stools are becoming more and more popular is that they are extremely versatile. These can be used as café stools, bar and bistro furniture as well as office furniture. The seat is mounted on a single height adjustable column with a large round base that provides support and stability for the user. The stool remains in the upright position, when not in use and requires weight from a person to initiate the stools “leaning” function. There are other stools like this on the market including the Muvman stool and the Sway stool, however having tested all three, we at Online Reality feel that the Belize is the ideal stool for its ergonomic value. It is comfortable, has a large round base that can support people of all sizes (comparing to the Sway stools small base) and is very durable. For more information and to purchase the product click here.
          Cuccio Veneer UV/LED Polish Match Maker Sets - Belize In Me x2 13ml        
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          Shark Conservation in Belize        
Shark Conservation in Belize

As staff member in the education department, Education Coordinator Erin English often spends her time teaching guests about the many different sharks we have here at the Aquarium.

Earlier this year, she got the unique opportunity to travel to Glover’s Reef in Belize and work with Dr. Demian Chapman on his shark conservation research. This Earthwatch Expedition was funded by a generous Aquarium donor.

Dr. Chapman is a bit of a celebrity in the world of shark research and conservation. He realized early on that shark finning was a threat to the shark population. By teaming up with local fishermen and governments, he has worked to put laws into place that help safeguard sharks in Belize.

Now that he’s secured a protected status for an area off of the Belizean coast called South Water Caye, Dr. Chapman is working with a team of researchers and volunteers to gather data about the sharks and rays just north of this habitat in an area called Glover’s Reef in Middle Caye. He hopes that this will increase the comprehensive understanding of these species and help restore their populations in Belize and around the world.

Scenic ocean view Photo Credit: Joshua Lee

Shark conservation is not an easy job. Save for a midday break for lunch, we were out on the water from eight in the morning until six in the evening tagging sharks and gathering data for DNA research. This required equal doses of sunscreen and patience.

Throughout the week, we came across a dozen sharks. The most prominent species we saw were juvenile Caribbean reef sharks that measured about four feet long or less. We also encountered a few nurse sharks that were about six feet long.

Whenever a shark approached us, it was given a tracking tag that will allow the research team to track its movements in relation to reef. There are typically two types of sharks: 1) resident sharks that stay in one particular reef and 2) those that travel longer distances.

Local nurse shark resting on ocean bottom

We already know that nurse sharks are resident sharks that stay within Glover’s Reef, so they are protected because the area is protected. So far, we don’t know the habits of Caribbean reef sharks. Tagging the sharks helps us understand how much they travel, which will then inform the way they need to be protected. For instance, if they leave the protected area, we may need to protect the individual species to ensure their conservation.

We also took DNA samples from each shark that offer a glimpse into its evolutionary history and also help determine if the sharks we encountered were actually a subspecies.

Coral underwater

Aside from the genetic research work, we also deployed baited remote underwater video cameras (also known as BRUVs) to get footage of ocean activity in the reef below us. This footage, captured in ninety-minute increments, will help document sharks as part of Global FinPrint, a project that works with local communities to record shark abundance at more than 200 reefs around the world.

Working with Dr. Chapman and his team was inspiring, to say the least. Though I was tired and sunburnt when I got back to the Aquarium, I was also excited to find a way to continue contributing to their admirable work in shark conservation.

Within a couple of weeks, we developed a new citizen science project for a group of dedicated Aquarium volunteers. Our team of citizen scientists almost immediately began poring over hours of reef footage. They loved virtually submerging themselves in the deep blue water in the videos and looking for the different types of sharks.

By documenting the abundance and diversity of sharks in these areas, we are able to provide Global FinPrint with important data that will improve our overall understanding of how sharks interact with coral reef ecosystems and how human activities are affecting the species and their habitats.

Words can’t describe how thankful I am to have received this opportunity to work in a protected marine area with esteemed scientists and leading experts. It’s definitely a highlight of my career and an experience that will stick with me for years to come.

Dock jets out to ocean with a small boat tied to pylon Photo Credit: Joshua Lee


          watercolor/4        
The Split. Caye Caulker, Belize.


          This identify of asthma        

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          10 Keajaiban Alam di Dunia        

10 Keajaiban Alam

alam memang tak pernah habis membuat kita terkagum-kagum, berikut beberapa keajaiban alam yang terdapat di beberapa negara :

1. The Wave. Between Arizona and Utah – USA
Ada di perbatasan arizona dan utah. terbuat dari pasir yang berumur 190 juta tahun yang berubah menjadi batu.
 

2. Antelope Canyon. Arizona – USA  
 
berada di Navajo Land, dekat Page, Arizona di Amerika Selatan.Antelope Canyon atau Tebing Antelope adalah sebuah tebing yang menjadi tempat kunjungan favorit para fotografer dan menjadi tempat para wisatawan untuk melihat pemandangan luar biasa. Antelope Canyon terletak di area barat daya Amerika, tepatnya di sebelah utara Arizona. Antelope Canyon adalah keajaiban alam yang terbentuk dari pengikisan batu, air dan angin. Antelope Canyon asal mulanya adalah gunung batu yang terbelah. Kesan pertama ketika melihat tempat ini seperti memasuki gua kecil yang tinggi. Namun ketika masuk, ternyata di dalamnya cukup luas. Di Antelope Canyon dapat terlihat cahaya yang masuk dari celah-celah. Baik dari lekukan, kedalaman, maupun warna yang ada pada bebatuan yang mempunyai bentuk yang berbeda. Cahaya yang masuk memantul ke bebatuan-bebatuan yang ada sehingga menghasilkan warna yang berbeda-beda.
Pemandangan di Antelope Canyon begitu indah. Antelope Canyon mampu memanjakan mata para turis, terutama para fotografer yang giat mengabadikan pemandangan-pemandangan indah. Antelope Canyon adalah surga bagi para fotografer. Perpaduan cahaya yang masuk di antara kawah-kawah ini mampu membuat orang-orang yang melihatnya akan berdecak kagum. Dulu tempat ini tidak begitu ramai dikunjungi karena letaknya cukup terpencil. Bahkan banyak fotografer yang berusaha menyembunyikan tempat-tempat indah di daerah ini. Namun seiring waktu berlalu, tempat ini telah menjadi salah satu objek wisata di Arizona. Silakan mampir ke Antelope Canyon bagi yang ingin memanjakan mata dengan pemandangan-pemandangan indah.
 

3. Great Blue Hole (Belize)  
 
Berada di jarak 60 mil dari kota Belize. lingkaran yang berdiameter 0.4 kilometer. tempat yang enak untuk diving. dalamnya sekitar 480 kaki atau 145 meter. karena kedalamannya itulah warna nya jadi biru tua.
 

4. Crystal Cave of the Giants (Mexico)
 
Terletak di dalam pertambangan di Chihuahua Mexico. warna dan bentuknya bermacam-macam. warnanya ada yang emas dan silver.
 

5. Eye of the Sahara (Mauritania)
 
Berada di baratdaya gurun sahara. berdiameter 30 mil sehingga terlihat jelas dari angkasa.
 
 
6. Blue Lake Cave (Brazil)
 
 
Mato Grosso do Sul di Brazil ini memiliki banyak sekali danau dan gua bawah tanah yang indah: Gruta do Lago Azul, Gruta do Mimoso, Aquário Natural. Gua Danau Biru “Gruta do Lago Azul” (Blue Lake Cave) adalah monumen alami yang dibentuk dengan indah oleh alam melalui stalaktit, stalagmit dan danau indah biru yang besar. Kecantikan danau ini luar biasa, dan warna biru-nya yang menjadi pusat perhatian dan keindahan danau yang ada.
 

7. Giants Causeway (Ireland)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Di daerah ini ada sekitar 40.000 tiang batu basalt saling tumpang tindih. Secara geologis, hal ini terjadi karena ledakan gunung berapi, yang terletak di daerah pantai utara Irlandia. Uniknya, hampir semua tiang memiliki enam sisi, walaupun terkadang ditemukan juga tiang dengan sisi empat, atau bahkan lima, tujuh dan delapan. Tiang tertinggi adalah 12 meter dan tebal formasi ini dapat mencapai 28 meter.
 

8. Hell Gate (Uzbekistan)
 
 
Biasa disebutkan “the door to hell”. terletak di dekat kota kecil, Darvaz. 35 tahun yang lalu, tim geologis sedang menggali untuk mencari sumber gas. namun yang mereka temukan adalah sebuah goa besar yang berapi. dikirakan goa ini akan terus membakar gas selamanya.
 

9. Wave Rock (Australia)
 
 
Terbuat alami dengan sendirinya. diberi julukan “Wave Rock” karena bentuknya menyerupai ombak. tingginya bisa mencapai 15 meter dan panjangnya sampai 110 meter.
 

10. Chocolate Hills (Philippines)
Luasnya mencapai 50 kilometer persegi. terletak di Bohol, Filipina. Diperkirkan terbentuk karena aktifita vulkanik.
 
 
sumber : kuntil-lepas.com

          Daily Weather Briefing for Monday, August 7, 2017        



LOCAL OUTLOOK

A warm front will remain north of the area today as low pressure moves from Texas across the Ohio Valley. The low pressure will move off the New England Coast and pull the front back over the forecast area as a cold front on Tuesday. The front is expected to stall again across our region and remain through the end of the week, with deep moisture and periods of heavy rain likely.

DAY SPONSOR

Carrion Tree Service is underwriting the daily weather briefing and public safety updates for today. they are a fully licensed and insured tree service, specializing in dangerous tree removal, view clearing, pruning, and crane services with a 24 Hour emergency response.

Their phone number is 371-4718. They are located at 120 Depot Street.

They can handle all your tree removal needs in good or bad weather.

WEATHER SPONSOR



Adams Products, a Division of Oldcastle is underwriting the daily weather briefing and public safety updates for the month. They have all your masonry products (block, mortars, tools), plus feature Belgrade Pavers and Sakrete Products. Open 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM, M-F, located at 895 Hickory Knoll Road, Franklin, NC.

Visit their Facebook page at: https://www.facebook.com/Adams.Oldcastle.Franklin.NC/

Their phone number is 828.524.8545, all are welcome, let them help you with your next project.


Weather Almanac for August 7th (1872-2016)

Record weather events for this date in Macon County

Highest Temperature 98°F in Highlands in 1930
Lowest Temperature 43°F at the Coweeta Experimental Station in 1950
Greatest Rainfall 3.64 inches in Highlands in 1937

Record weather events for August in Macon County

Highest Temperature 99°F in Franklin on Aug 9, 1980
Lowest Temperature 40°F at the Coweeta Experimental Station on Aug 29, 1968
Greatest Rainfall 9.68 inches in Highlands on Aug 13, 1940


THREE DAY OUTLOOK



TODAY

Patchy fog in the morning. Cloudy with periods of rain after a morning lull. Highs will be in the 70s. Winds will be 5 to 10 mph from the south with variably higher wind gusts in the afternoon. Rain is likely and thunderstorms are possible, mainly in the afternoon or later. Rainfall amounts between a tenth and a quarter of an inch are expected with higher accumulations possible locations that see multiple heavy rain bands and thunderstorms.



TONIGHT

Cloudy with lows in the 60s and variable light winds. Rain is likely and thunderstorms possible with rainfall amounts between a quarter and half an inch expected and more possible. Rain may be heavy at times.




TUESDAY

Mostly cloudy with highs in the 70s and may approach 80 if there are breaks in the cloud rain and cloud cover. Winds are expected to be calm and rain chances between 50% and 70% with rainfall amounts between a quarter and a half an inch expected. More may be possible.

TUESDAY NIGHT

Mostly cloudy with lows in the 60s and calm winds. 50% chance of rain.



WEDNESDAY

Mostly cloudy with highs in the 70s. Chance of showers and thunderstorms is moderately high, between 60% and 80%, with southern portions of the county more likely to see rain.

WEDNESDAY NIGHT

Mostly cloudy with lows in the 60s. 40% to 60% chance of rain across the county with better chances near the Highlands area.

HAZARDS

Scattered to numerous thunderstorms are expected to arrive in the area this afternoon and evening. Isolated strong to severe thunderstorms are possible. The main hazards will be strong gusty winds, hail and frequent lightning.

A prolonged rain event is underway that may last until Wednesday. A Hazardous Weather Outlook from the National Weather Service about the system is posted below:

NWS HAZARDOUS WEATHER OUTLOOK

..TODAY...Numerous showers and thunderstorms will move across the area through the day and into the evening. The potential exists for these storms to produce torrential rainfall. Some areas may experience multiple rounds of such storms, resulting in locally significant accumulation and possible flash flooding.

In addition, a few of the storms could become severe with damaging downburst winds the main threat.


..TUESDAY...Heavy rain possible. Numerous showers and thunderstorms are expected again. This will keep the threat for heavy rainfall in place across the area.

As always, you can check to see what advisories, watches, and warnings are in effect for Macon County by visiting http://is.gd/MACONWARN



TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK

We are now in the time frame of where storms that develop in the Caribbean Sea or Atlantic Basin could impact our view of the solar eclipse on August 21st.

Tropical Storm FRANKLIN has formed in the Caribbean just north of Honduras and it is likely the storm will may landfall in central Mexico later this week.

Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Mon Aug 7 2017

For the North Atlantic...The Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

The National Hurricane Center is issuing advisories on recently upgraded Tropical Storm Franklin, located a few hundred miles east of Belize.

1. An elongated area of low pressure located about midway between the Cabo Verde Islands and the Lesser Antilles is producing limited shower and thunderstorm activity. Environmental conditions are forecast to be unfavorable for development during the next several days. Upper-level winds could become more conducive for some gradual increase in organization by late week while the system moves generally west-northwestward across the tropical Atlantic at about 15 mph.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...near 0 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...low...20 percent.


ECLIPSE EVENTS (events listed here are paid sponsorships)

RABUN COUNTY

Rabun County, Georgia has a county-wide “Outasight” eclipse viewing party planned for August 21st at the Rabun Gap Nacoochee School. More information may be found at
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/georgias-total-solar-eclipse-outasight-viewing-party-at-rgns-tickets-36172624293

Other events happening in and near Rabun County the weekend of the eclipse can be found on the Explore Rabun website at http://explorerabun.com/events-happening-total-solar-eclipse-rabun-county-georgia/

BRYSON CITY ECLIPSE WEEKEND

Bryson City invites you to a weekend of celebrating the eclipse. To find out more information, visit their page at https://www.greatsmokies.com/2017eclipse.html

Bryson City is recommended by TravelChannel.com as the spot in North Carolina to watch the eclipse.


MACON CALENDAR

If you have an event you wish to be added to this calendar, please send the information, along with a flyer in pdf format or a high-quality photo, to editor@maconmedia.com. If you want text published, please include a paragraph with your photo, flyer or graphic. Please include date(s) and time(s).
There is no charge for civic, educational or nonprofit groups, except for groups or events that receive funding from the TDA, TDC, and EDC, where full rates apply.


September 27th, WEDNESDAY

HOSPICE HOUSE FOUNDATION OF WNC

PEACEFUL JOURNEY
3rd annual charity dining event
hosted by RISTORANTE PAOLETTI at 440 Main Street in Highlands

For information, visit http://hhfwnc.org/peaceful-journey/


National Alliance on Mental Illness
Appalachian South

Meets each Thursday at 7pm
The First Methodist Church Outreach Center
at the intersection of Harrison Ave. and West Main Street
(directly across from Lazy Hiker Brewery)

Come join our weekly support group for anyone suffering from mental illness and their family or friends. This includes Depression, Bipolar,8chizophrenia, PTSD, Substance Abuse, Etc.

Here you will find:
— others living with mental health challenges YOU ARE NOT ALONE
- learn coping skills and ?find hope in shared experience
- help learning how to break down stigma and guilt surrounding mental health
- how to live life with the expectation of a better a better future

Kay (706)970-9987 Denise (828)347-5000)

SYRINGE EXCHANGE PROGRAM

On January 1, 2017, the Syringe Exchange Program of Franklin began operating a comprehensive harm reduction program to address the opioid epidemic that is impacting western NC. Opioid overdose reversal kits including naloxone are available free of charge. If you have any questions about our services or if you know someone interested in volunteering, please contact Stephanie Almeida at 828-475-1920.



Sun and Moon

Sun

Begin civil twilight 6:20 a.m.
Sunrise 6:47 a.m.
Sun transit 1:39 p.m.
Sunset 8:31 p.m.
End civil twilight 8:58 p.m.

Moon

Moonrise 7:53 p.m. last night
Moon transit 1:13 a.m.
Moonset 6:36 a.m.
Moonrise 8:34 p.m.

Closest Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon on August 7, 2017, at 2:11 p.m. (local daylight time)

Phase of the Moon on August 6, 2017: Full Moon with 100% of the Moon's visible disk illuminated.
The next New Moon will occur during a total solar eclipse at 2:36:40 pm on August 21, 2017.


Sky Guides for this week

Sky and Telescope Magazine 
Astronomy Magazine


Earth Sky has an article on the eclipses of 2017. [LINK]

Heavens Above has an Android App that will assist you in observing the sky and even has a satellite tracker that will let you know when the International Space Station and dozens of other satellites are overhead. [LINK]

Stellarium is also an app that will assist you in observing the sky. It is available in both Android [LINK] and iOS versions. [LINK]

CROWD FUNDING OR DAY SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES

I will be posting an August Update in the next few days on our patreon campaign, which has reached 25 people who have pledged $294. Payout is on August 6th.

If you receive value from what Macon Media provides to the community, please consider becoming a supporter and contribute at least a dollar a month.

If you have a business or event you are interested in sponsorship opportunities or underwriting coverage, send an email to editor@MaconMedia.com for more information. Serious inquiries only. Macon Media rewards early sponsors/underwriters with lifetime guaranteed low rates while newer sponsors/underwriters pay higher rates based on the date they first support Macon Media.

Thank You to the people who have been sending in donations and those businesses who are underwriting coverage of news and events. You have kept Macon Media online. You have made it possible for Macon Media to begin purchasing state of the art equipment and begin work on building a real website with features not employed by any local news outlets.

You can find out more information on how to do that and some of what I plan to accomplish if I reach certain levels of funding at https://www.patreon.com/MaconMedia

Published at 3:57 am on August 7, 2017

#WNCscan #MaconWx #MaconSafety

Data and information sources: Sources (except where otherwise credited): heavens-above.com, Ian Webster's Github, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, The National Weather Service, National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, Penn State University Electronic Wall Map, The State Climate Office of North Carolina, Storm Prediction Center, U.S. Naval Observatory, and the Weather Prediction Center. 


          Daily Weather Briefing for Sunday, August 6, 2017        



LOCAL OUTLOOK

A warm front will move north through the area today, remaining north of the area Monday as low pressure moves from Texas across the Ohio Valley. The low pressure will pass to the East Coast and pull the front back into the area as a cold front Tuesday. It is expected to stall yet again across our region and remain through the end of the week, with deep moisture and periods of heavy rain likely.


WEATHER SPONSOR



Adams Products, a Division of Oldcastle is underwriting the daily weather briefing and public safety updates for the month. They have all your masonry products (block, mortars, tools), plus feature Belgrade Pavers and Sakrete Products. Open 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM, M-F, located at 895 Hickory Knoll Road, Franklin, NC.

Visit their Facebook page at: https://www.facebook.com/Adams.Oldcastle.Franklin.NC/

Their phone number is 828.524.8545, all are welcome, let them help you with your next project.


Weather Almanac for August 6th (1872-2016)

Record weather events for this date in Macon County

Highest Temperature 94°F in Franklin in 1980
Lowest Temperature 43°F at the Coweeta Experimental Station in 1948
Greatest Rainfall 2.60 inches in Nantahala in 1975

Record weather events for August in Macon County

Highest Temperature 99°F in Franklin on Aug 9, 1980
Lowest Temperature 40°F at the Coweeta Experimental Station on Aug 29, 1968
Greatest Rainfall 9.68 inches in Highlands on Aug 13, 1940


THREE DAY OUTLOOK



TODAY

Patchy fog early. It will be cloudy early with clearing until mid-morning, then clouds will increase as rain chances increase. Highs near the lower 80s. Higher elevations and Nantahala will be in the mid to upper 70s. Calm winds in the morning will increase to 5 to 10 mph from the south by the afternoon. Rain chances will gradually increase through the day from 20% in the morning to 40% by 6 pm. Rain will approach the county from the south. Strong storms may be possible.



TONIGHT

Mostly cloudy with lows in the mid-60s and variable light winds. Rainfall chances will increase, becoming likely after midnight with a few embedded thunderstorms being possible. Amounts of precipitation are expected to be between a quarter to half an inch of rain with more being possible in locations that see multiple rounds of thunderstorms. Strong storms are possible.




MONDAY

Cloudy with highs in the 70s. Winds from the south in the morning becoming light and variable. Rain and thunderstorms are likely with rainfall amounts between a quarter and half an inch possible and more in locations that see thunderstorms. Rain will be heavy at times.

MONDAY NIGHT

Cloudy with lows in the mid-60s and calm winds. Rain is likely with rainfall amounts between a quarter and half an inch possible.



TUESDAY

Mostly cloudy with highs in the 70s and calm winds. Rain and thunderstorms are likely.

TUESDAY NIGHT

Mostly cloudy with lows in the 60s. Rain chances begin decreasing to around 40% by midnight.

HAZARDS

Scattered to numerous thunderstorms are expected to arrive in the area this afternoon and evening. Isolated strong to severe thunderstorms are possible. The main hazards will be strong gusty winds, hail and frequent lightning.

A prolonged rain event is expected to begin on Monday that may last until Wednesday.

As always, you can check to see what advisories, watches, and warnings are in effect for Macon County by visiting http://is.gd/MACONWARN



TROPICAL WEATHER OUTLOOK

We are now in the time frame of where storms that develop in the Caribbean Sea or Atlantic Basin could impact our view of the solar eclipse on August 21st.

Tropical Weather Outlook
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL
200 AM EDT Sun Aug 6 2017

For the North Atlantic...The Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico:

1. Showers and thunderstorms associated with a strong tropical wave located over the central Caribbean Sea have changed little. However, further development of this system is possible while it moves west-northwestward at 10 to 15 mph, and a tropical depression or tropical storm could form over the northwestern Caribbean Sea before it reaches the Yucatan peninsula late Monday or Tuesday. Even if formation does not occur before the system reaches the Yucatan peninsula, a tropical depression or tropical storm could form over the Bay of Campeche by midweek. Development would likely not occur if the system moves inland over Central America and southeastern Mexico and does not re-emerge over water. An Air Force Reserve reconnaissance aircraft is scheduled to investigate this system this afternoon, if necessary. Interests along the coasts of Honduras, Belize, and the Yucatan peninsula of Mexico should monitor the progress of this disturbance.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...medium...60 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...high...80 percent.

2. Shower activity associated with an elongated area of low pressure located about 1100 miles west-southwest of the Cabo Verde Islands has changed little during the past several hours. Some slow development is still possible during the next two to three days before the system encounters less favorable environmental conditions by the middle of the week. This system is expected to move generally west-northwestward across the tropical Atlantic at about 15 mph.

* Formation chance through 48 hours...low...30 percent.
* Formation chance through 5 days...medium...50 percent.


ECLIPSE EVENTS (events listed here are paid sponsorships)

RABUN COUNTY

Rabun County, Georgia has a county-wide “Outasight” eclipse viewing party planned for August 21st at the Rabun Gap Nacoochee School. More information may be found at
https://www.eventbrite.com/e/georgias-total-solar-eclipse-outasight-viewing-party-at-rgns-tickets-36172624293

Other events happening in and near Rabun County the weekend of the eclipse can be found on the Explore Rabun website at http://explorerabun.com/events-happening-total-solar-eclipse-rabun-county-georgia/

BRYSON CITY ECLIPSE WEEKEND

Bryson City invites you to a weekend of celebrating the eclipse. To find out more information, visit their page at https://www.greatsmokies.com/2017eclipse.html

Bryson City is recommended by TravelChannel.com as the spot in North Carolina to watch the eclipse.


MACON CALENDAR

If you have an event you wish to be added to this calendar, please send the information, along with a flyer in pdf format or a high-quality photo, to editor@maconmedia.com. If you want text published, please include a paragraph with your photo, flyer or graphic. Please include date(s) and time(s).
There is no charge for civic, educational or nonprofit groups, except for groups or events that receive funding from the TDA, TDC, and EDC, where full rates apply.


September 27th, WEDNESDAY

HOSPICE HOUSE FOUNDATION OF WNC

PEACEFUL JOURNEY
3rd annual charity dining event
hosted by RISTORANTE PAOLETTI at 440 Main Street in Highlands

For information, visit http://hhfwnc.org/peaceful-journey/


National Alliance on Mental Illness
Appalachian South

Meets each Thursday at 7pm
The First Methodist Church Outreach Center
at the intersection of Harrison Ave. and West Main Street
(directly across from Lazy Hiker Brewery)

Come join our weekly support group for anyone suffering from mental illness and their family or friends. This includes Depression, Bipolar,8chizophrenia, PTSD, Substance Abuse, Etc.

Here you will find:
— others living with mental health challenges YOU ARE NOT ALONE
- learn coping skills and ?find hope in shared experience
- help learning how to break down stigma and guilt surrounding mental health
- how to live life with the expectation of a better a better future

Kay (706)970-9987 Denise (828)347-5000)

SYRINGE EXCHANGE PROGRAM

On January 1, 2017, the Syringe Exchange Program of Franklin began operating a comprehensive harm reduction program to address the opioid epidemic that is impacting western NC. Opioid overdose reversal kits including naloxone are available free of charge. If you have any questions about our services or if you know someone interested in volunteering, please contact Stephanie Almeida at 828-475-1920.



Sun and Moon

Sun

Begin civil twilight 6:19 a.m.
Sunrise 6:47 a.m.
Sun transit 1:39 p.m.
Sunset 8:32 p.m.
End civil twilight 8:59 p.m.

Moon


Moon transit 12:24 a.m.
Moonset 5:40 a.m.
Moonrise 7:53 p.m.

Closest Primary Moon Phase: Full Moon on August 7, 2017 at 2:11 p.m. (local daylight time)

Phase of the Moon on August 6, 2017: Waxing Gibbous with 99% of the Moon's visible disk illuminated.
The next New Moon will occur during a total solar eclipse at 2:36:40 pm on August 21, 2017.


Sky Guides for this week

Sky and Telescope Magazine 
Astronomy Magazine


Earth Sky has an article on the eclipses of 2017. [LINK]

Heavens Above has an Android App that will assist you in observing the sky and even has a satellite tracker that will let you know when the International Space Station and dozens of other satellites are overhead. [LINK]

Stellarium is also an app that will assist you in observing the sky. It is available in both Android [LINK] and iOS versions. [LINK]

CROWD FUNDING OR DAY SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES

I will be posting an August Update in the next few days on our patreon campaign, which has reached 25 people who have pledged $294. Payout is on August 6th.

If you receive value from what Macon Media provides to the community, please consider becoming a supporter and contribute at least a dollar a month.

If you have a business or event you are interested in sponsorship opportunities or underwriting coverage, send an email to editor@MaconMedia.com for more information. Serious inquiries only. Macon Media rewards early sponsors/underwriters with lifetime guaranteed low rates while newer sponsors/underwriters pay higher rates based on the date they first support Macon Media.

Thank You to the people who have been sending in donations and those businesses who are underwriting coverage of news and events. You have kept Macon Media online. You have made it possible for Macon Media to begin purchasing state of the art equipment and begin work on building a real website with features not employed by any local news outlets.

You can find out more information on how to do that and some of what I plan to accomplish if I reach certain levels of funding at https://www.patreon.com/MaconMedia

Published at 5:26 am on August 6, 2017

#WNCscan #MaconWx #MaconSafety

Data and information sources: Sources (except where otherwise credited): heavens-above.com, Ian Webster's Github, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, The National Weather Service, National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration, Penn State University Electronic Wall Map, The State Climate Office of North Carolina, Storm Prediction Center, U.S. Naval Observatory, and the Weather Prediction Center. 


          Sea of Storms by Stuart B. Schwartz (Hurricanes in Caribbean)        


A History of Hurricanes in the Greater Caribbean from Columbus to Katrina


Hurricanes have the power to fascinate us, as do earthquakes and tornadoes, in their total power and seeming randomness (and in a small way to an epically bad final episode of Dexter).  Every hurricane season takes a toll on some region of the US or elsewhere, and while the news reports can be disturbing and frightening, it’s in the handling of these natural disasters that political policy, social attitudes, and scientific ignorance is most seen and least commented upon.

Stuart B. Schwartz has created a history of Hurricanes in the region that seems them the most…the Caribbean.  Scores have occurred that usually stay above the midline of South America and further up the East Coast of the US, centering mainly on the Caribbean from Mexico to the Bahamas and other islands. When my parents lived in Belize, I heard stories of people tying themselves into palm trees to survive the occasional hurricane. I didn’t believe it, but apparently, it’s not a rare plan when you are faced with a mighty storm, flooding, and no shelter.

Schwartz begins with one of the earliest recorded hurricanes and the written histories available from it, and goes on to explore the scientific basis for the cause of them.  Sailors often could tell when something was awry, but how that knowledge was dispersed was unlikely to help many people.  Starting with this hurricane in Veracruz, he weaves together the human and scientific elements that inevitably alter our history.

The first storm described was one that hit Veracruz in 1552, one described by the author as a “sixteenth-century Katrina”. The aftermath led many to conclude it was God’s punishment that led to such devastation: “they were set in a social, political, and conceptual frame that made an understanding of this catastrophe a moment for reflection on human sin and moral failure as the cause of God’s anger” (3). Despite scientific evidence to the contrary, increasing in every century since, this opinion is still widely shared and proposed as the reason for modern day hurricanes and similar storms.

Since hurricanes were not well-known meteorological behavior in many climates, when information about them reached Europe and other Northern regions, many of the details were converted into object lessons regarding good and evil.  It took a great deal of time for research into changes in weather, ocean conditions, and even animal behavior to be undertaken to prevent such disasters.

One chapter discusses early European forays into the Caribbean, with a somewhat ironic tale of two enemies whose fate was determined by such weather.  Columbus’ enemy Francisco de Bobadilla was the investigator who chained up Columbus and returned him to Spain with a very unfavorable report.  Years later, they meet again in Santo Domingo, where Bobadilla is heading out with a fleet of gold.  One of those ships held gold that belonged to Columbus that was being carried to Seville. Columbus warned both him and the governor that a huge storm was coming, but neither wanted advice from him.  He was even refused entry into the port. So Columbus found a small port to shelter in temporarily, and held out during the storm, while the others headed out.

Unfortunately for them, the prophecy of Columbus, who used his experience with observation of weather changes and water behavior, came true. Only the ship carrying Columbus’ gold survived. The rest, some twenty six boats, went down in the storm.  Sadly, five hundred plus sailors and the remaining gold sank.  Columbus may have felt vindicated, but he then suffered rumors of being “in concert with the Devil and that he had actually called down the storm upon his enemy” (11).  I’m not a big fan of Columbus, but wow. Major burn.

When scientists set about trying to predict and prevent hurricanes, their ideas ranged from ridiculous to somewhat on target, but always at a cost.

Whatever the scientific value of such attempts at weather modification, these hurricane projects and those to increase or decrease rainfall were always politically controversial, since changing the course of a hurricane or changing areas of rainfall might save one area from injury, but place another in danger. Fidel Castro claimed the United States was carrying out environmental warfare by trying to divert rainfall from Cuba to ruin its agriculture (274).

Interestingly, it was Castro as a leader who was the one most interested in responding successfully to the next hurricane, Flora, where “all of the institutions of the regime were mobilized for the relief effort – militias, the army…the Red Cross and police “(288). He interacted with victims and played a visible role in the country by seeking out more information about the storms and relief available. This was in sharp contrast to the nearby regions of Haiti and the Dominican Republic,hit brutally and where the dictator Duvalier appeared to care not at all by the damage or his people’s losses.

Throughout the centuries since the hurricane in Veracruz, the responses are strangely the same.  Not all take advantage of warnings given (which are not always clear), and when the damage is done, blame is given to the people themselves for abandoning God or living a lifestyle deserving of such disaster. An example of this, outrageous as it is, is Hurricane Katrina.  The failures on so many levels is sobering and obscene.

First, despite Hurricane Andrew that hit Florida in 1992, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) was gutted after the election of George W. Bush. Bush’s campaign manager called it “an oversized entitlement program” and its level of preparedness was diminished (entitlement being the code word for helping the poor).  After all, after 9/11 there were less funds allotted to it, and then it came under the direction of Homeland Security with a focus more on “anti-terrorist activities”.  Good intentions may have led to very poor decisions, but it appears there was a more sinister attitude in play.  One journalist, Eric Holderman, is quoted in the book as warning via the Washington Post that “hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes, volcanoes, tsunamis, floods, windstorms, fires and flu were destined to be a national concern on a weekly or daily basis.  They are coming for sure, sooner or later, even as we are, to an unconscionable degree, weakening our ability to respond to them” (318).

He makes a valid point.  Reducing protection across the board in case of a natural disaster weakens the US as a whole, as a terrorist act garners more of a reaction. And never can this been seen more than in Hurricane Katrina.  When it occurred, I was on a rafting trip in Northern California.  Away from news, even radio, for a week, made coming home to the disaster seem as if Armageddon had arrived in New Orleans.  For many, it might as well have been.

New Orleans reeling from a hurricane is no surprise. First, the location. Dangerous levees, a low ground point in comparison to Lake Ponchartrain, and the levels of the Mississippi all contribute to a region surrounded by water (so much so that graves are raised on concrete platforms in the city cemeteries rather than in the ground).  In addition, about a quarter of the city lived below the poverty line, and was 67% African American. This demographic was not considered politically valuable and thus efforts to help Louisiana were largely pushed aside, despite credible warnings.
We can all picture the Superdome and its intense overcrowding, but less known is the more insidious wrongs that took place:

Doctors were turned away from aiding victims because they did not have state licenses; buses were not mobilized [for evacuation] because they lacked air-conditioning or toilets; bus drivers were not allowed to serve until they had the required sexual harassment training; the governor’s request for national aid was delayed for five days because it had not been made in writing (324).

It’s hard not to quote this entire chapter as it is so shocking.  I had no idea that FEMA tried to suppress photos of the dead or of those trapped on roofs or hanging on to flimsy floating boards.  Were they worried about bad PR? Food was not provided to Superdome evacuees.  While 80% of the city had been evacuated, those that remained were blamed in the press for not leaving in a timely way, despite that many of these were the poor and elderly that did not have the means to escape (remember the lack of buses?).  The fact that not ALL could escape was already predicted by expert projection made no difference:  no plan was implemented to change that, so this television visibility “drove home a message of social and racial inequalities”. 

Now, all of this is tragic, and yet many people still feel that the situation was impossible to prevent and thus impossible to prepare for. Yet, attitudes of leaders and TV buffoons illuminate a further, racially biased attitude that had to contribute to the disaster, either in beliefs about it or towards its victims.  While you may have the TV pundits say dumb things, like Bill O’Reilly, who “suggested that those who had not evacuated were drug addicts unwilling to leave their suppliers”, it’s more troubling when the political leadership in the US and especially that region (people in a position to change and improve policy) also speak ignorantly of the disaster.  Robert Baker, a Baton Rouge congressman, stated “We finally cleaned up public housing in New Orleans. We couldn’t do it, but God did.”  Rick Santorum (fun to google him), a Republican candidate for President, felt that those who didn’t evacuate should be penalized.  As if they weren’t already by the sub-human conditions.

Additionally, many TV outlets emphasized and exaggerated the occurrences of crime and looting. In fact, many of the looters were taking only food, milk, toilet paper and bread. 

And of course, there were the interpreters, such as many ministers who suggested, just like in Veracruz centuries before, that an angry God was in punishment mode. Ray Nagin, the mayor of New Orleans, “said in his reelection campaign that God had punished New Orleans for the war in Iraq”.  Such blame was attributed widely in many circles, namely Republican and Fundamental.
As Schwartz states so elegantly near the end of the book, “Providentialism was, as it has usually been, employed to support existing political convictions rather than as a catalyst for new interpretations or changes of heart (335)”.

The book concludes with an overview of Hurricane Sandy and the political clout that was banked upon in the aftermath, as well as the unnecessary damage and suffering to New Jersey residents.

There is no sense of this being a complete downer, but more an example of how attitudes (religious, secular, and political) often ignore the scientific basis for how things occur, and even avoid learning more about what science can tell us about hurricanes and other natural disasters.  Much of the science behind hurricanes is discussed in the book, and knowledge of such is possible, not so much to prevent but to prepare.

Hurricane season starts June 1, 2015.

Review copy provided by Princeton University Press.





          Ramalan Suku Maya        
Ramalan Bangsa Maya mengatakan : Akhir dunia akan ditandai dengan perselisihan dan perang nuklir

Dalam Berbagai Ajaran Agama, semua yang bermula pasti akan berakhir. Seperti halnya ada siang akan diikuti oleh malam, adanya sehat pasti akan diikuti datangnya sakit dan adanya sifat jahat pasti akan diimbangi oleh kebaikan. Tinggal bagimana kit amenyikapi semua hal tersebut untuk tetap menjaganya sesuai dengan kehidupan seperti apa yang kita inginkan.

Ada sebuah cerita dan ramalan menarik yang dapat diambil dari setiap ajaran agama dan ramalan para ahli sufi. Dalam mitos-mitos kuno, setiap masa atau kaum memiliki era dan kepercayaan bagimana dunia akan berakhir. Namun disetiap waktunya ramalan tersebut menjadi satu hal yang patut diperhitungkan dan mana yang benar. Menurut para ahli arkeolog, Ramalan Nostradamus dan Para Sufi Bangsa Mayalah yang paling tersohor.

Kalender Bangsa Maya hingga saat ini disebutkan adalah kalender yang paling akurat yang pernah ada di bumi. Sudah banyak kejadian dan fenomena mereka kumpukan dan diterangkan dalam sebuah simbol-simbol dan karakter untuk meramal kehidupan budaya dan akhir jaman. Salah satunya perhitungan kalender menyebutkan bahwa tepatnya tanggal 21 Desember 2012, merupakan “End of Times”. Maksud kata ini masih banyak diperdebatkan oleh para ilmuwan dan arkeolog namun makna tersebut salah satunya dimaknai sebagai berakhirnya kehidupan manusia di bumi.

Seperti mengingat kisah nabi Nuh (Noah), pada saat itu, seluruh kehidupan manusia telah musnah. Akibat sebuah bencana yang disebut karena azab, hanya umat nabi Nuh yang hidup dan selamat. Tidak hanya sekali itu, menurut catatan sejarah tlah sebanyak 81 kali kehidupan dibumi membuat seperti siklus. Kehidupan satu muncul dan khiudpan lainnya dihancurkan. Akankah kehidupan manusia di lima tahun mendatang musnah?

”Ketika ramalan demi ramalan saya artikan tersembunyi sebuah makna bahwa perang dunia ketiga akan segera terjadi,” kata Doktor Michael Ratherford seoarang arkeolog yang mempelajari manuskrip Nostradamus sejak 1975. Selanjutnya kisah yang ia tangkap dari ramalan tersebut ditulisnya dalam bentuk buku yang berjudul The Nostradamus Code: World War III.

Tumpukan manuskrip yang ditulis oleh Michel de Nostradame, atau lebih dikenal Nostradamus (1503-1566) itu ditemukan oleh anggota dari Italian National Library di Roma. Temuan besar pada Mei 2005 tersebut memberikan makna yang lebih besar sekarang dengan sebutan The Nostradamus Code. Untuk memahaminya, Ratherford menggunakan sebuah teknik analisa seni dan bilangan alogaritma. Data yang dihasilkan dapat dianalisis dalam waktu 10 menit. Dalam buku disebutkan permusuhan dan perkelahian akan berkecamuk dan perang dunia ketiga akan terjadi.

Salah satu terpanas yang saat ini sedikit menyingggung dan benar-benar menjadi tanda dibahas dalam BAB empat buku tersebut. BAB tersebut membahas kapan waktu permasalahan timbul. Dalam syair ke 3 dan 4 Nostradamus Code menyebutkan pada abad ke 20 perselisihan akan banyak terjadi. Pemimpin yang gila meluncurkan bom nuklir ke daerah Mediterania dan Eropa. Selama periode kegelisahan tersebut pemimpin negara di Timur Tengah mampu mendapatkan senjata nuklir. Dia kemudian melakukan sesuatu hal yang kecil dan tidak akan ragu lagi menggunakan senjata untuk peperangan.

Selain itu dalam syair ke 67 disebutkan sumber bencana seperti gunung api, gempabumi, banjir dan musim kekeringan akan semakin dirasakan oleh seluruh umat manusia. Bencana-bencana tersebut akan menyebabkan pertikaian semakin besar dan konflik sosial semakin parah. Amerika disebutkan akan mengalami kondisi yang paling parah terhadap bencana alam seperti gempabumi dan banjir. Pada waktu itu kondisinya akan penuh konflik, keputusasaan dan kesengsaraan. Akibat bencana yang besar tersebut Amerika akan Bangkrut dan struktur politik serta sosialnya melemah.

Tanda lain yang disebutkan dalam syair ke 23 dan 81 disebutkan bahwa kepercayaan anti terhadap keberadaan Tuhan akan kembali meningkat di Timur Tengah. Kepercayaan ini kemudian akan merambah keberbagai penjuru seperti Eropa, dan Wilayah Mediterania. Tanda lainnya adalah untuk negara ke tiga dunia, para pemimpinnya akan saling berselisih. Selain itu masih banyak lagi sumber masalah yang menjadi tanda perang dunia ke tiga untuk menuju akhir dunia.

”Rangkuman dalam buku ini hampir sama penggambarannya seperti dalam kepercayaan Tuhan yang terangkum di umat nabi Musa, di Injil atau Islam,” kata Ratherford. Dalam sampel buku yang diterbitkannya tersebut ia tidak menyebutkan apakah Nostradamus menyebutkan waktu akhir dunia seperti bangsa Maya atau tidak. Namun setiap BAB yang diterangkannya bahwa keterangan kapan akhir dunia ini akan terjadi sudah sangat dekat.

Pemusnahan Berkali-kali

Didalam beberapa mitologi-mitologi kuno bahwa bumi ini pernah dilanda banjir dahsyat yang mengerikan, hampir semua peradaban-peradaban zaman dulu ada cerita tentang bencana yang satu ini, misalnya diantara lebih dari 130 suku Indian di Benua Amerika hampir tidak ada suku yang tidak memitoskan banjir dahsyat sebagai topik.

Mari ingat Kisah Nabi Nuh (Noah). Dikisahkan didalam Al-Qur’an maupun Bible, bahwa seluruh peradaban manusia pada saat itu musnah, terkecuali bagi orang-orang yang percaya pada ajaran Tuhan yang disampaikan oleh Nabi Nuh yang selamat dari bencana air bah yang maha dahsyat itu.

Di sekitar pedalaman kaki Gunung Himalaya, Tibet misalnya, orang-orang menjumpai sebuah suku, keturunan dan rupa mereka hampir mirip dengan orang Yunani. Konon katanya, mereka adalah orang-orang yang beruntung masih hidup atas peristiwa banjir yang dahsyat itu.

Pada tahun 1986, kantor berita pemerintah Turki menyatakan bahwa 5.200 meter di atas permukaan laut puncak gunung (Ararat), telah ditemukan sebuah benda yang mirip dengan perahu Nabi Nuh yang berbentuk persegi empat, lalu mengambil gambarnya dari angkasa, dan panjang perahunya sesuai dengan yang dicatat dalam kitab suci.

Adalah sebuah artikel menarik, menurut penuturan dari Master Li Hongzhi (pendiri Falun Gong/Falun Dafa) dalam buku Zhuan Falun Ceramah I halaman 22. Beliau menuturkan bahwa peradaban dimuka bumi ini setidaknya telah dihancurkan kurang lebih sebanyak 81 kali mengalami kemusnahan total.

Lalu kenapa manusia bisa mengalami bencana itu? Mitologi dari setiap negara mempunyai penjelasan yang sama terhadap hal ini. Semua ini dikarenakan kemerosotan dan kebejatan manusia, lalu Sang Penguasa Alam Semesta memutuskan untuk menghukum manusia.

Dikisahkan pada zaman nabi-nabi terdahulu, ada yang disebut sebagai zaman edan dan zaman fitrah kembali, sehabis zaman edan akan kembali lagi ke zaman fitrah sampai saatnya tiba alam semesta ini benar-benar akan dihancurkan secara keseluruhan.

Ketika suatu zaman dimana manusia telah menunjukkan kemerosotan moral yang luar biasa (zaman edan), Sang Pencipta memutuskan untuk mengakhiri peradaban tersebut dengan mengirimkan beberapa bencana besar yang akhirnya mengakhiri kehidupan dimuka bumi pada saat itu.

Hanya beberapa oranglah yang disisakan untuk memulai peradaban baru selanjutnya. Pada waktu peradaban baru ini lahir, hati orang-orang yang berhasil terselamatkan tersebut kembali dalam keadaan bersih/fitrah (setelah bertobat) karena telah disadarkan oleh rentetan bencana mengerikan yang menimpanya dimasa silam.

Pada saat ini, dimana tanda-tanda zaman edan telah dapat terlihat dengan begitu jelas, mungkin kembali saatnya peradaban pada saat ini harus kembali diakhiri, dan akan digantikan dengan sebuah peradaban baru yang tidak ada hubungannya sama sekali dengan peradaban sebelumnya. (mungkin manusia-manusia yang akan datang akan mengenal sisa-sisa peradaban kita sebagai sebuah peradaban maju yang hilang ditelan masa, seperti halnya kisah mengenai peradaban Atlantis dan Lemuria yang tenggelam dimasa silam).

Tahun 2012 Bumi akan dihancurkan kembali?

Pada sistem penanggalan didalam Kalender Bangsa Maya/Maya Calendar yg merupakan kalender paling akurat hingga kini yg pernah ada di bumi. (Perhitungan Maya Calendar dari 3113 SM sampai 2012 M), mereka (Bangsa Maya) menyatakan pada tahun 2012, tepatnya tanggal 21 Desember 2012, merupakan “End of Times”. Maksud dari “End of Times” itu sendiri masih diperdebatkan oleh para ilmuwan, dan arkeolog.

Ada yang menyatakan bahwa maksudnya adalah :

1. Berhentinya waktu (bumi berhenti berputar)
2. Peralihan dari Zaman Pisces ke Aquarius
3. Peralihan dari Abad Silver ke Abad keemasan
4. End of Times = End of the World as we know it
5. Akan ada sebuah galactic Wave yang besar, yang memberhentikan semua kegiatan di muka bumi ini, termasuk kemusnahan manusia
6. Perubahan dari dimensi 3 ke dimensi 4, bahkan 5
7. Kehidupan manusia meningkat dari level dimensi 3, ke 4, DNA manusia meningkat dari strain 2 ke 12, sehingga manusia dapat menggunakan telepati bahkan telekinesis
8. Ada yang menyatakan tidak akan terjadi apa-apa
9. Ada yang menyatakan waktu sudah tidak akan berlaku, jadi waktu tidak linear, tetapi bisa berubah-ubah, sesuai dengan waktu yang kita alami, karena ditemukannya mesin waktu
10. Ditemukannya mesin waktu dan stargate
11. Manusia sudah dapat melakukan transportasi ke galaxi lain, melalui stargate
12. Bangkitnya messiah, yang akan menyelamatkan manusia dari kehancuran
13. Kebangkitan Isa AS / Jesus
14. First Contact pertama kali peradaban manusia dengan Alien/UFO
15. Manusia bergabung dengan komunitas antar galaxi pertama kali, manusia = galaxy being

Dalam kalender bangsa Maya yang sangat tersohor itu, diramalkan bahwa pada periode 1992-2012 bumi akan “dimurnikan”, selanjutnya peradaban manusia sekarang ini akan berakhir dan mulai memasuki peradaban baru.

Dalam sejarah peradaban kuno dunia, bangsa Maya dikenal menguasai pengetahuan tentang ilmu falak yang khusus dan mendalam, sistem penanggalan yang sempurna, penghitungan perbintangan yang rumit serta metode pemikiran abstrak yang tinggi. Kesempurnaan dan akurasi dari pada penanggalannya membuat orang takjub.

Sekelompok masyarakat yang misterius ini tinggal di wilayah selatan Mexico sekarang (Yucatan) Guetemala, bagian utara Belize dan bagian barat Honduras. Banyak sekali pyramid, kuil dan bangunan-bangunan kuno yang dibangun oleh Maya yang masih dapat ditemui di sana. Banyak juga batu-batu pahatan dan tulisan-tulisan misterius pada meja-meja yang ditinggalkan mereka.

Para arkeolog percaya bahwa Maya mempunyai peradaban yang luar biasa. Hal itu bisa dilihat dari peninggalannya seperti buku-bukunya, meja-meja batu dan cerita-cerita yang bersifat mistik. Tetapi sayang sekali buku-buku mereka di perpustakaan Maya semuanya sudah dibakar oleh tentara Spanyol ketika menyerang sesudah tahun 1517. Hanya beberapa tulisan pada meja-meja dan beberapa system kalender yang membingungkan tersisa sampai sekarang.

Seorang sejarahwan Amerika, Dr. Jose Arguelles mengabdikan dirinya untuk meneliti peradaban bangsa ini. Ia mendalami ramalan Maya yang dibangun di atas fondasi kalender yang dibuat bangsa itu, dimana prediksi semacam ini persis seperti cara penghitungan Tiongkok, ala Zhou Yi. Kalendernya, secara garis besar menggambarkan siklus hukum benda langit dan hubungannya dengan perubahan manusia.

Dalam karya Arguelles, The Mayan Factor: Path Beyong Technology yang diterbitkan oleh Bear & Company pada 1973, disebutkan dalam penanggalan Maya tercatat bahwa sistim galaksi tata surya kita sedang mengalami ‘The Great Cycle’ (siklus besar) yang berjangka lima ribu dua ratus tahun lebih. Waktunya dari 3113 SM sampai 2012 M. Dalam siklus besar ini, tata surya dan bumi sedang bergerak melintasi sebuah sinar galaksi (Galatic Beam) yang berasal dari inti galaksi. Diameter sinar secara horizontal ini ialah 5125 tahun bumi. Dengan kata lain, kalau bumi melintasi sinar ini akan memakan waktu 5125 tahun lamanya.

Orang Maya percaya bahwa semua benda angkasa pada galaksi setelah selesai mengalami reaksi dari sinar galaksi dalam siklus besar ini, akan terjadi perubahan secara total. Orang Maya menyebutnya, penyelarasan galaksi (Galatic Synchronization). Siklus besar ini dibagi menjadi 13 tahap, setiap tahap evolusi pun mempunyai catatan yang sangat mendetail. Arguelles dalam bukunya itu menggunakan banyak sekali diagram-diagram untuk menceritakan kondisi evolusi pada setiap tahap. Kemudian setiap tahap itu dibagi lagi menjadi 20 masa evolusi. Setiap masa itu akan memakan waktu 20 tahun lamanya.

Dari masa 20 tahun antara tahun 1992-2012 itu, bumi kita telah memasuki tahap terakhir dari fase Siklus Besar, bangsa Maya menganggap ini adalah periode penting sebelum masa pra-Galatic Synchronization, mereka menamakannya: The Earth Generetion Priod (Periode Regenerasi Bumi). Selama periode ini bumi akan mencapai pemurnian total. Setelah itu, bumi kita akan meninggalkan jangkauan sinar galaksi dan memasuki tahap baru: penyelarasan galaksi.

Pada 21 Desember 2012 akan menjadi hari berakhirnya peradaban umat manusia kali ini, dalam perhitungan kalender Maya. Sesudah itu, umat manusia akan memasuki peradaban baru total yang tidak ada hubungannya sama sekali dengan peradaban sekarang. Pada hari itu, tepatnya musim dingin tiba, matahari akan bergabung lagi dengan titik silang yang terbentuk akibat ekliptika (jalan matahari) dengan ekuator secara total. Saat itulah, matahari tepat berada di tengah-tengah sela sistem galaksi, atau dengan kata lain galaksi terletak di atas bumi, bagaikan membuka sebuah “Pintu Langit” saja bagi umat manusia.

Mulai 1992, bumi memasuki apa yang oleh bangsa Maya disebut ‘Periode Regenerasi Bumi”. Pada periode ini, Bumi dimurnikan, termasuk juga hati manusia, (ini hampir mirip ramalan orang Indian Amerika-Utara terhadap orang sekarang ini), subtansi yang tidak baik akan disingkirkan, dan substansi yang baik dan benar akan dipertahankan, akhirnya selaras dengan galaksi (alam semesta), ini adalah singkapan misteri dari gerakan sistem galaksi kita yang diperlihatkan oleh bangsa Maya.

Sejak tahun 1992 sampai 2012 nanti, bagaimana terjadi “pemurnian” dan bagaimana pula terjadi “regenerasi” pada bumi kita ini, tidak disebutkan secara detail oleh bangsa Maya. Dalam ramalan mereka pun tidak menyinggung tentang apa hal konkret yang memberikan semangat manusia untuk bangkit dari kesadaran dan bagaimana bumi mengalami permurnian, yang ditinggalkan oleh mereka kepada anak cucunya (barangkali tidak tercatat). Lantas, fenomena baru apa yang sudah bisa kita lihat sejak tahun 1992 sampai sekarang yang bisa kita kaitkan dengan ramalan bangsa Maya yang beradab itu?

Mungkin sudah diatur, bahwa kalender Maya tidak hilang dan sejarah manusia, dan harus diuraikan dengan kode oleh manusia sekarang. Namun ia tetap saja harus dilihat, apakah umat manusia yang terpesona oleh konsepsinya yang terbentuk sesudah kelahiran dapat menembus batas-batas untuk mengingatkan dan memahami kebenaran yang melampaui sistim pengetahuan kita.

Sebenarnya, jika ditinjau dari beberapa penelitian yang telah dilakukan saat ini. Memang pada beberapa dua dasawarsa belakangan ini, bumi sedang mengalami suatu siklus yang dinamakan pembalikan daya magnet kutub.

Pembalikan daya magnet kutub adalah proses yang terjadi pada waktu kutub utara dan kutub selatan saling bertukar posisi. Ketika ini terjadi, untuk beberapa saat medan magnet bumi mencapai Gauss nol, yang berarti bumi pada waktu itu punya daya magnet nol. Ketika ini terjadi bersamaan dengan perbalikan orbit sebelas tahunan kutub matahari, masalah besar akan terjadi.

Menurut perhitungan computer Hyderabad, pembalikan kutub Bumi dan Matahari dapat mengakibatkan masalah besar selain elektronik tidak bekerja dengan semestinya, burung yang bermigrasi kehilangan haluan, dan bermacam macam:

1. Sistem ketahanan tubuh semua hewan dan termasuk manusia akan banyak melemah.
2. Lapisan luar bumi akan mengalami pertambahan gunung berapi, pergerakan tektonik, gempa bumi, dan tanah longsor.
3. Medan magnet Bumi akan melemah dan radiasi alam semesta berasal dari matahari bertambah berlipat ganda mengakibatkan bahaya radiasi seperti kanker dan sebagainya tidak dapat dihindari
4. Benda-benda angkasa akan tertarik masuk ke Bumi
5. Daya gravitasi Bumi akan mengalami perubahan meskipun tidak diketahui bagaimana ia akan berubah.

Jika anda menambahkan semua skenario bencana yang mungkin terjadi, anda dapat dengan mudah mengatakan dengan kalimat sederhana ini, Bumi dapat menjadi tempat yang tidak cocok untuk ditinggali peradaban manusia pada 2012 ataupun mereka yang hidup dekat lapisan luar bumi. Hal ini mungkin saja dapat terjadi pada Mars jutaan tahun yang lalu.

Mungkin benar adanya apa yang dikatakan Bangsa Maya mengenai kehancuran perdaban manusia di tahun 2012 esok, hal tersebut tentunya dapat kita lihat dari sifat-sifat manusia zaman sekarang yang bagaimana moralnya, kelakuan telah sangat merosot dan alam-pun kelihatannya semakin tidak bersahabat dengan kita.

Di Indonesia sendiri seorang peramal mengatakan, “pada tahun 2012 nanti jumlah penduduk di Indonesia ini tinggal 40%”. Lalu ketika ditanya apa penyebabnya,dia menuturkan, “pada tahun itu sebuah bencana besar akan melanda Bumi secara Global, mungkin pada setiap negara nantinya hanya menyisakan 30%-40% kehidupan untuk kembali membangun kehidupan baru”.

Ramalan serupa juga diutarakan oleh Beberapa Biksu di Tibet yang terkenal dengan penguasaan clairvoyance-nya yang sangat baik. Mereka mengatakan pada awal tahun 2012 merupakan tahun paling mendebarkan bagi umat manusia di muka Bumi, dimana pada permulaan tahun, beberapa fenomena aneh akan banyak bermunculan. Namun dalam penutupnya, Para Biksu mengatakan Bumi akan terselamatkan oleh sebuah kekuatan besar yang melindungi mereka secara kasat mata, sehingga memungkinkan peradaban manusia tidaklah sepenuhnya musnah.

Pada 10 tahun belakangan ini Master Li Hongzhi mengajarkan prisip karakter alam semesta “Zhen-Shan-Ren” (Sejati-Baik-Sabar) yang berefek untuk memurnikan hati manusia dan alam ini. Dalam waktu singkat pengikut latihan kultivasi jiwa dan raga ini telah lebih mencapai dari 200 juta orang yang tersebar lebih di 60 negara. Melalui kultivasi yang terus menerus latihan ini dapat menyapai tujuan menggantikan sel-sel tubuh manusia dengan materi energi tinggi dengan meningkatkan moral manusia sesuai dengan karakter alam semesta.

Tidak ada seorangpun yang bisa meramalkan kapan tepatnya kiamat itu datang. Tapi dilain sisi, akan ada regenarasi suatu peradaban yang diramalkan para Orang Bangsa Maya ditahun 2012 nanti. Ini bukanlah suatu kehancuran Alam semesta secara keseluruhan (Jadi belum bisa diartikan kiamat yang sebenarnya), mungkin nantinya secuil para manusia-manusia yang terselamatkan dari bencana akan kembali membangun tonggak peradaban baru yang lebih baik dan lebih bermoral daripada kita.


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          Commentaires sur Occlusions veineuses rétiniennes par MichaelNex        
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          Summer 2009 Dive Trips        
UPDATE 28 APR 09: The Swine Flu has settled it...discounted prices in Mexico, O’Yeah. We are going to dive Cozumel. We are negotiating for a lower price on the executive suite because we aren’t afraid of a little "Piggy Flu." We will be there in August...we will know if there is a travel ban by then or not. UPDATE 13 APR 09: Looking at the following options: Galapagos Islands, Belize, Bonaire, Roatan, Cozumel, Canada (BC), California, or Seattle. Thanks. I should be coming home from my deployment sometime this Summer (late July/Early August). I am looking at a Trip to Bonaire with my wife (time/duration/exact location TBD). I also want to dive South Padre again during the Summer (Texas Clipper, some of the Jetties, and Oil Rigs)...I’ve heard the visibility improves late Summer/Early Fall. I am interested in any info, feedback, POCs, and anyone interested in being part of the experience. Thanks.
          Solar lamp project delivers light in Belize        
By Audrey Cochran, a member of the Rotary Club of Northwest Austin, Texas, USA Tonight Amelia Ramirez sits with her younger siblings at their kitchen table. A stack of books sit on the table and Amelia smiles as she reads. … Continue reading
          statistics about yoga stress management - yoga how to        

The benefit of yoga practice goes far beyond the actual time you spend in the poses. Yoga is the art of release.

In yoga, it is vital to learn how to use the correct patterns of breath in order to get the most out of your yogic endeavours. Since different yoga schools often have a slightly different focus, flexibility is allowed, with several hours given to a more intense study of the school's specialty. A yoga mat is the only investment required for yoga.

Don t forget to take a pillow whenever you re going to buy meditation yoga mat. During busy days, we may not be able to unwind because work is still on our mind. Overall, yoga techniques of any kind benefit health dramatically.

To fully study yourself, you must try not to compare yourself to the teacher or other students, but instead, you should strive to maximize your own learning and improvement during each class and practice session. Hopefully, though, with these tips you will have an idea of what you need to do to feel more successful in your yoga experience.

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          Using IBAs to uncover America’s hidden ecotourism paradises        
BirdLife Partners in the United States, Bahamas, Belize and Paraguay are clubbing together to promote ecotourism in places where poverty overlaps...
          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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          Comentario en Yamaha PW-X, Bosch y Brose : motores eMTB 2017. por MichaelRam        
Our company is a unique producer of quality fake documents. We offer only original high-quality fake passports, driver's licenses, ID cards, stamps and other products for a number of countries like: USA, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Italy, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom. This list is not full. 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Finish: Light and smooth.

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          Belize City to host Caribbean Peering Forum in 2018        
PHILIPSBURG, St Maarten—Belize will host the fourth Caribbean Peering and Interconnection Forum, known as CarPIF, on June 6 and 7, 2018. The 2018 meeting is expected to be the largest to date, according to organiser Bevil Wooding, an Internet strategist with Packet Clearing House and executive director of the Caribbean Network Operators Group. He described...
          My Kitchen My World - Saudi Arabia        

I know that the last time I did a dish for My Kitchen My World I did chicken and rice, but I couldn't resist doing it again this month. It's interesting how so many different countries can do a similar dish, but do it so differently!

Saudi Arabian chicken and rice, called Kabsa, was different from other versions of chicken and rice I've done, thanks to the exotic blend of spices, and the delicious topping of fried nuts and raisins. The whole family very much enjoyed this culinary trip to Saudi Arabia.


Kabsa (Saudi Chicken and Rice)
(adapted from Saji's)
2 chicken breasts
6 cups water
1/2 cup chopped onion
2 bay leaves
1 tsp ground cinnamon
1 tsp salt
2 tbsp olive oil
6 tbsp butter, divided
1 1/2 cup chopped ripe tomato
2 cups chopped onion
2 cups long grain rice
salt to taste
1 tsp ground cardamom (at $10 a bottle, this is too expensive for me - I substituted an additional 1/4 tsp nutmeg, 1/2 tsp allspice, and 1/2 tsp ginger)
1 tsp ground coriander
10 cloves
1/2 tsp nutmeg
1/4 tsp cinnamon
1/4 tsp ground black pepper
1/2 cup raisins soaked in 1/3 cup water
1/2 cup sliced almonds
1/2 cup pistachios
1/2 cup pine nuts

In a large pot place chicken, water, onion, bay leaves, cinnamon, and 1 tsp salt and let cook covered on low heat for about 1 1/2 hour.

In another large pot add olive oil and 1 tbsp butter, then add chopped onions and chopped tomatoes and cook for 10 minutes on medium heat. Next add rice and seasonings. Mix and then add 4 cups of chicken broth from the cooked chicken. Stir and then add 3 tbsp butter. Let come to a boil and then turn down to low heat, cover and let cook for 45 minutes.

In a small pan, add 2 tbsp butter and stir in nuts and raisins, let cook until all are evenly brown, set aside for garnish. In the mean time, pull apart cooked chicken and remove any bones.

After 45 minutes, fluff rice with a fork and let sit another 10 minutes.

Pour out the rice into a large serving dish, place pieces of chicken on top and then put the nut and raisin mixture on top of that. Serve.


Linking to:
My Kitchen My World
Think Tank Thursday (Joyful Homemaking)
          My Kitchen My World - Belize        
Belize was the MKMW country for March. I know that I'm posting in April, but since we made and ate this meal yesterday, technically it still counts for March.

Belize is a small country in Central America, between Mexico, Guatemala, and the Caribbean Sea. The food is similar to both Mexican and Jamaican/Anglo-Caribbean cuisine.

One of the basic staples of Belizean cuisine is stewed chicken served with beans and rice. The recipe I found for the chicken does not use recado (a Mayan spice blend), and the beans and rice use coconut milk. This was a delicious meal. My favorite part was the sauce made from the pan drippings. The onions just melted into the chicken drippings, and it all came together to make a very flavorful gravy that I really enjoyed.


Belizean Stewed Chicken
(from Belize News Post)
4 lbs of chicken cut into pieces, drumsticks and thighs seem to work best, bone in (I used two leg quarters)
1 tsp salt, or to taste
1 tsp pepper, or to taste
1 1/2 tablespoons dried thyme
2 cloves garlic, finely chopped
2 tablespoons oil, or enough to just cover the bottom of the pot
1 small yellow or Spanish onion, chopped
2 tablespoons flour, mixed with 2 tablespoons water (I used extra water, it was too thick at first)

Mix salt, pepper, thyme, and garlic (garlic powder can be substituted) creating a rub. Season chicken with salt, pepper, thyme and garlic mixture.

Heat two tablespoons (or enough to fully cover the bottom of the pan) of oil in large dutch oven or stewing pot over moderately high heat.

Place the chicken in the pan starting skin down. Brown chicken, turning pieces once, about 5 minutes per side.

As chicken browns, add onions, cover pan and simmer on low heat for 10 to 15 minutes so chicken will stew. Recipes vary on the amount of time, many call for 1-2 hours of stewing. Make sure your chicken is fully cooked before enjoying! (Mine stewed for about half an hour before the chicken was done).

After the chicken has finished cooking add a few teaspoons of water to skillet and the flour to thicken the gravy.


Belizean Beans and Rice
(adapted from Belize News Post)
1 large can beans (I used a combination of several types, including black, navy, and pinto)
1/2 tsp pepper
1/2 tsp thyme
1 tsp salt
2 cloves garlic, chopped
1 medium onion, sliced
1 cup coconut milk
2 lbs. rice (I only used 1 1/2 cups, whatever that ends up weighing)

Season beans with black pepper, thyme, and salt. Add coconut milk and 3 cups water. Stir and taste. Let boil.

Add rice to seasoned beans. Stir, then cover. Cook until water is absorbed or rice is tender. If necessary, add more water gradually until rice is tender.
          By: Gringo Guru        
http://www.drivemeloco.com/belize/ We don't have much on Belize, I've heard some nasty stories about traveling there.
          By: jim        
i want to drive from costa rica to belize and want to know how safe it is. can you give me any useful information
          SPECIAL OFFER: FRONT PAGE (DO NOT DELETE!)        

Ka'ana is celebrating 10 years of success!

Come celebrate our anniversary with us this summer.  When you book a stay for 3 nights or more before September 21, recieve a complimentary bottle of champagne, room upgrade and nightly events on property in honor of our anniversary!

 

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Celebrate Ka'ana's 10 year Anniversary!

          SPECIAL OFFER: PACKAGES PAGE (DO NOT DELETE!)        

Stay 3 nights or more before September 21 and receive a bottle of champagne, room upgrade and nightly events on property in honor of our anniversary.

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In Celebration of Ka'ana's 10 Year Anniversary

          Book Early & Save!        

Book now for travel Jan through Apr 2016 and get a 15% Discount on any room type!

 

Call 305-735-2553 or Email us Today!

 

*Offer is not combinable with existing bookings or packages, other specials, vouchers, etc.

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          Last Minute Savings        

Daydreaming about a tropical escape this summer? We've seen flights to Belize for as low as $285 from some US cities! Here's your chance for an exclusive summer escape.

Indulge yourself in luxurious appointments, modern amenities and personalized service... Book Now until Oct 31, 2015 for travel Aug 01 - Dec 17, 2015 and get up to 35% off your accommodations!

Call +1.305.735.2553 or Email us Today!

 

*This offer is not combinable with existing bookings, packages, or other specials.

*Check out airfares from your city now!

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          Vogue        

Vogue Exclusive Package

Booking Window: Now-Feb 16, 2016

Travel Window: Mar 01-Jun 30, 2016

Package overview:

  • Private Roundtrip Land Transfers from/to Belize's International airport
  • VIP welcome with champagne toast on arrival
  • 4 nights in a Balam Suite with upgrade to a Casita Suite, subject to availability on arrival
  • Daily full breakfast
  • Private Roundtrip Land Transfers from/to Placencia
  • Whale Shark dive at Gladden Spit for two

Value: US$1,280.00 per person
Vogue exclusive rate: US$945.00 per person

* Not applicable between Dec 18-Jan 02.
- Rates are subject to 10% Gratuity and 12.5% Government Tax.

To book, Contact Us and use Booking Code VKE to claim the Vogue exclusive offer!

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          WeWork Exclusives        

2015 Limited-Time Package

Booking Window: Apr 03-Dec 01, 2015

Travel Window: May 01-Dec 17, 2015

Package overview:

  • Private Roundtrip Land Transfers from/to Belize's International airport
  • VIP Welcome with champagne toast on arrival
  • 4 nights in a Casita Suite with upgrade to a Master Suite, subject to availability on arrival
  • Daily full breakfast
  • Private, guided horseback riding tour to Xunantunich Maya City with a private picnic along the banks of the Mopan river

Value: US$1,685.00 per person
WeWork exclusive rate: US$842.50 per person

2015 Accommodations Only

Year-round Validity*

25% off rack rates in all room types
• Includes daily full breakfast
• Room upgrade subject to availability at check in

*Not applicable to bookings made between Dec 18-Jan 05.
- All rates are subject to an additional 10% service charge and 12.5% government tax.

To book, Contact Us and use Booking Code WWKE to claim the Wework exclusive offer!

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           Facilitating Bio-assessment of Belizean Streams         
Carrie, Rachael (2013) Facilitating Bio-assessment of Belizean Streams. FBA News, 60. pp. 14-16. ISSN 1476-2269
           A Checklist of the Freshwater Macroinvertebrates of Belize         
Carrie, Rachael (2013) A Checklist of the Freshwater Macroinvertebrates of Belize. Other. Figshare.
           A New Species of Potamocoris (Heteroptera: Potamocoridae) from Belize, and Synonymy of the Genus Coleopterocoris         
Polhemus, D.A. and Carrie, Rachael (2013) A New Species of Potamocoris (Heteroptera: Potamocoridae) from Belize, and Synonymy of the Genus Coleopterocoris. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie, 156 (2-3). pp. 141-149. ISSN Print: 0040-7496 Online: 2211-9434
          Eating the Globe: Zimbabwe        

I tried cooking Zimbabwean beef stew last weekend. It was rather unremarkable. The recipe called for virtually no spices. I cut the meat portion in half and doubled the curry powder, and it was still bland. It was straight out of a 1950s American cookbook-- tasteless. I added the spinach and rice, which were not called for in the recipe.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, Tunisia, Zimbabwe
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Unforgettable Charter Destinations for Your Next Trip        

The Bahamas

One could sail the entire Earth and struggle to find water as crystal clear as in the Bohemian Isles. This lost paradise is easily accessible from the mainland United States, and an easy flight away from the Gold Coast. Watch Manta Rays glide by directly underneath your keel, enjoy the amazing nightlife in Nassau, and spend some time on one of thousands of incredible bleached-white sand beaches that this magical area has to offer.

French Polynesia and Tahiti

Straight away off of the Gold Coast lies the mysterious and gorgeous French Polynesia. It offering a truly otherworldly sight for adventurous sailors and boaters. Mountains, jungles and beaches collide in Bora Bora.  Incredibly untouched coral reefs spring forth under clear and calm waters surround Tahiti. For those who are searching for non-stop adventure, the wild lagoons in the surrounding isles are the perfect choice. Spend some time on land getting accustomed to authentic island living, with traditional Polynesian musicians and bungalows that sit over the water. You may end up laying anchor for a while!

The Pacific Northwest

Boating and sailing in the Pacific Northwest is a completely unique experience that cannot be found anywhere else on Earth. With thousands of islands, inlets and coves waiting to be explored, this area is a treasure trove of exploration. See incredible views of mountains lumbering in the distance, and witness wild Orca whales as they burst through the northern waters. All along the Washington and Oregon coastlines, seldom is there a dull moment to be had.

Croatia

This almost unheard-of natural wonderland was virtually inaccessible in the 20th century due to the Iron Curtain, but now is one of the world’s best-kept secrets for boaters and sailors looking for a truly memorable experience. Whether it is exploring the archipelagos and inlets of Kornati National Park, or spending some port time in the breath-taking port city of Split, this Adriatic Sea destination will leave you wanting more and more.

Caribbean Basin

Perhaps the world’s all-time most popular charter destination, the Caribbean islands is absolutely deserving of that title. The British Virgin Islands represents some of the best boating on offer anywhere, and the local island culture and music are the stuff of legends. There is so much more to experience than just the BVI, though; travel down to Belize for some of the best diving reefs in the world, and some of the best seaside bars and restaurants ever.

Buying a boat on the Gold Coast soon? At Bosuns Locker, we specialize in fitting you with the vessel of your dreams, whether you are trading up or making your very first purchase! Come visit us today, and charter a course to paradise. 

 


          Belize City Adventure        
belize, belize city, cayo belize, cave tubbing, beaches, beach, pretty, adventure,

belize, belize city, cayo belize, cave tubbing, beaches, beach, pretty, adventure,

My boyfriend and I had the best time in Belize. Did you know that Belize is only 5 hours from Tulum, Mexico? I didn't know that till I looked and was like WOW!!! There isn't a lot of things to do in Belize like other bigger countries but it is one beautiful city though. I love seeing different parts where its more rural and the other part where its americanized. You can totally do this trip on a weekend. The things we did was drive around, go to the beaches, eat food, go cave tubbing and go to more mayan ruins. So if your looking for a weekend getaway, I would suggest going here. You can find so much to do in like a Thursday-Sunday type of trip! Plus who doesn't love the heat?! I do! 
Thanks for stopping by!
Don't forget to follow more of my travels and photos via instagram.com/loveirisblog



belize, belize city, cayo belize, cave tubbing, beaches, beach, pretty, adventure,

belize, belize city, cayo belize, cave tubbing, beaches, beach, pretty, adventure,












          Hurricane Dean: Jamaica picks up the pieces as Mexico and Belize brace for impact -- 2 of 2        
UNICEF Representative in Jamaica Bertrand Bainvel reports on the impact of Hurricane Dean and the relief work of UNICEF and its partners in the wake of the storm.
          Hurricane Dean: Jamaica picks up the pieces as Mexico and Belize brace for impact -- 1 of 2        
UNICEF Representative in Mexico Susana Sottoli discusses the government’s emergency preparations and UNICEF’s possible response as Hurricane Dean approaches.
          Sarstoon Temash Institute for Indigenous Management Launches Maya Lands Registry        

Published August 9, 2017 Two Years After CCJ Ruling, Mayans Take Matters into Their Own Hands CRIQUE SARCO, TOLEDO DISTRICT – BELIZE – Using Guatemala as a cautionary tale — where 50 percent of communal land and more than 200 sacred sites disappeared in one district alone — the Maya of Belize are taking matters […]

The post Sarstoon Temash Institute for Indigenous Management Launches Maya Lands Registry appeared first on Native News Online.


          Conozca todo el lujo del Belize 43        
El Belize 43 es un magnífico catamarán a vela construido en el año 2001 que cuenta con una eslora de 13 metros y una manga de 7 metros. Posee espacio para 10 personas con la tripulación incluida y utiliza 1 motor de 76 HP con combustible diésel para desplazarse.
          GBIF abre convocatoria BID a propuestas del Caribe y el Pacífico        

GBIF invita a la presentación de propuestas de financiamiento del Caribe y el Pacífico bajo el programa de Información de Biodiversidad para el Desarrollo (BID). El financiamiento total potencialmente asignado a estas dos convocatorias es de €1.000.000, o €500.000 para cada región.

Lea las convocatorias completas para:

La primera fase del financiamiento de proyectos a través del BID proveyó cerca de €1 millón a 23 proyectos en el África sub-sahariana. Los beneficiarios incluyen 34 organizaciones de 20 países africanos, cuyos proyectos fueron merecedores de selección por un jurado internacional a partir de un grupo inicial de 143 propuestas.

Las nuevas convocatorias para el Caribe y el Pacífico buscan proyectos que:

  • Movilizarán datos de biodiversidad relacionados con áreas protegidas, especies amenazadas y especies invasoras
  • Usarán y extenderán mejores prácticas para digitalizar colecciones de historia natural y movilizar otros datos de biodiversidad
  • Aplicarán datos de biodiversidad en apoyo a la toma de decisiones e investigación
  • Desarrollarán redes nacionales, regionales o temáticas duraderas para apoyar el compartir y reutilizar datos

Tipos de financiamiento

GBIF invita propuestas en tres categorías generales de financiamiento.

  1. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad regionales que establecen o fortalecen colaboraciones internacionales para incrementar la disponibilidad y utilización de datos de biodiversidad. NOTA: Un consorcio regional debe involucrar socios de al menos tres diferentes países o territorios de ultramar de la región. El coordinador del consorcio y al menos uno de los otros socios debe estar localizados en un país de la region (ver la lista de países elegibles en el Caribe y el Pacífico). Cada socio puede recibir hasta €20.000 y el coordinador del consorcio puede recibir un máximo de €30.000.
  2. Financiamiento para movilización de datos de biodiversidad nacionales que establecen o fortalecen instalaciones de información en biodiversidad nacional e incrementar los datos de biodiversidad disponibles acerca del país para responder a prioridades nacionales. Hasta €60.000 serán puestos a disposición por financiamiento nacional.
  3. Financiamiento de movilización de datos de biodiversidad pequeños que movilizan datos de biodiversidad relevantes para prioridades de conservación de biodiversidad con un máximo de €5.000.

Proceso de solicitud y cronograma

Dos jurados de expertos internacionales con experiencia en las regiones respectivas, evaluará las solicitudes a través de un proceso competitivo de dos etapas.

  • Notas conceptuales iniciales, usando las plantillas provistas, debe ser entregada antes del 10 de Noviembre del 2016.
  • Basado en las recomendaciones de los jurados, GBIF invitará un grupo seleccionado de solicitantes a preparar propuestas completas, para entregar a principios de Febrero del 2017.
  • Luego de una revisión y selección final a cargo de los jurados, GBIF anunciará los proyectos a financiar en Mayo del 2017.

Las plantillas de la nota conceptual y las directrices que le acompañan están disponibles para cada uno de los tres tipos de beca en el sitio de los solicitantes al BID.

Aquellos interesados en recibir actualizaciones sobre el programa BID pueden inscribirse para recibir alertas de correo electrónico. Preguntas y solicitudes generales pueden ser enviadas a BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Este programa está financiado por la Unión Europea.

 


Nuestro agradecimiento a William Ulate, Biodiversity Heritage Library / TDWG / Missouri Botanical Garden, y Anabela Plos, GBIF Argentina, por su ayuda con la traducción al español.

Images 
Isla de manglares

Isla de manglares, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

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GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF ouvre deux appels à projets BID pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique        

GBIF invite dès maintenant à soumettre des projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique en vue d’obtenir un financement dans le cadre du programme BID (l'Information sur la Biodiversité pour le Développement). Le montant total potentiel de ces deux appels à projets est 1.000.000 €, soit 500.000 par région.

Voyez ici les appels à projets détaillés:

La première phase du projet BID a permis de financer pour près d’un million d’euros 23 projets en Afrique subsaharienne. Les bénéficiaires sont 34 organisations issues de 20 pays africains dont les projets ont été sélectionnés par un jury international parmi 143 propositions initiales.

Ce nouvel appel à projets pour les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique cible des projets visant à :

  • Mobiliser des données sur la biodiversité concernant les zones protégées, les espèces menacées et les espèces exotiques envahissantes.
  • Utiliser et étendre les bonnes pratiques pour la numérisation des collections d’histoire naturelles et la mobilisation d’autres types de données.
  • Utiliser les données de biodiversité pour la prise de décision et la recherche.
  • Développer des réseaux nationaux, régionaux et thématiques durables de façon à soutenir les activités futures de partage et de réutilisation des données.

Catégories de subventions

GBIF lance un appel à projets pour trois grandes catégories de subventions:

  1. Subventions régionales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant des collaborations internationales visant à augmenter la disponibilité et l’usage des données sur la biodiversité. A NOTER : un consortium régional doit impliquer des partenaires issus d'au minimum 3 pays / territoires d’outre-mer de la région. Le coordinateur du consortium et au moins un autre partenaire doivent être situés dans un pays ACP (voir la liste des pays éligibles dans les régions des Caraïbes et du Pacifique). Chaque partenaire pourra recevoir jusqu’à 20.000 €, et le coordinateur du consortium pourra recevoir jusqu’à 30.000€.
  2. Subventions nationales pour la mobilisation de données établissant ou renforçant un point nodal GBIF national et visant à augmenter la quantité de données disponibles sur le pays de façon à répondre aux priorités nationales. Jusqu’à 60.000 € pourront être alloués par subvention nationale.
  3. Petites subventions pour la mobilisation de données mobilisant des données de biodiversité adaptées aux priorités en matière de conservation, pour un financement maximal de 5000 €.

Procédure et délai

Deux jurys composés d’experts internationaux ayant de l’expérience dans la région évalueront les propositions selon une procédure en deux temps :

  • Une note conceptuelle initiale utilisant le formulaire fourni devra être soumise au plus tard le 10 novembre 2016.
  • Suivant les recommandations du jury, le GBIF invitera un groupe candidats sélectionnés à préparer une proposition détaillée pour début février 2017.
  • Après une évaluation finale et une sélection par les jurys, les projets financés démarreront en avril 2017.

Le formulaire pour la note conceptuelle et les recommandations associées sont disponibles sur le site BID pour chacune des trois catégories de subventions.

Si vous souhaitez recevoir les nouvelles informations sur le programme BID, vous pouvez vous inscrire aux alertes par courriel. Les questions et demandes d’ordre général peuvent être transmises à BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

Ce programme est financé par l'Union européenne.

 


Nos remerciements à Nicolas Noé, Belgian Biodiversity Platform pour le soutien de la traduction.

 

 

Images 

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

GBIF area 
Programme 
Organizations 
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Translation source 
GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific

          GBIF opens BID calls for proposals from the Caribbean and the Pacific        

GBIF invites the submission of proposals for funding from the Caribbean and the Pacific through the EU-funded Biodiversity Information for Development (BID) programme. The total potential funding assigned to these two calls is €1,000,000, or €500,000 for each region.

Read the complete calls for:

The first phase of project funding through BID provided nearly €1 million to 23 projects in sub-Saharan Africa. The recipients include 34 organizations from 20 African countries, whose projects earned selection by an international panel from an initial pool of 143 initial proposals.

The new calls for the Caribbean and the Pacific seek projects that will:

  • Mobilize biodiversity data relating to protected areas, threatened species, and invasive alien species
  • Use and extend best practices for digitizing natural history collections and mobilizing other biodiversity data
  • Apply biodiversity data in support of decision-making and research
  • Develop lasting national, regional or thematic networks to support ongoing data sharing and reuse

Types of grants

GBIF invites proposals in three broad categories of grants.

  1. Regional biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen international collaborations to increase the availability and use of biodiversity data. NOTE: A regional consortium must involve partners from a minimum of three different countries or overseas territories from the region. The consortium coordinator and at least one other partner must be located in an ACP country (see the list of eligible countries in the Caribbean and the Pacific). Each partner can receive up to €20,000 and the consortium coordinator may receive a maximum grant of €30,000.
  2. National biodiversity data mobilization grants that establish or strengthen national biodiversity information facilities and to increase the biodiversity data available about the country to respond to national priorities. Up to €60,000 will be made available per national grant.
  3. Small biodiversity data mobilization grants that mobilize biodiversity data relevant for biodiversity conservation priorities with a maximum funding of €5,000.

Application process and timeline

Two panels of international experts with experience in the respective regions will evaluate applications through a competitive two-stage process.

  • Initial concept notes, using the templates provided for the Caribbean and the Pacific, must be submitted by 10 November 2016.
  • Based on the panels’ recommendations, GBIF will invite a select group of applicants to prepare full proposals, due in early February 2017.
  • Following a final review and selection by the panels, funded projects will start in April 2017.

The concept note template and accompanying guidelines are available for each of the three grant types on the BID grantseekers’ site.

Those interested in receiving updates on the BID programme can sign up for email alerts. General questions and inquiries may be sent to BID@gbif.org.


European Union

 

This programme is funded by the European Union.

Images 
Mangrove island

Mangrove island, Caye Caulker, Belize. CC BY-NC-SA 2009, CameliaTWU.

GBIF area 
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          Belize Debriefed        
I would have to say that my trip to Belize was extremely productive. The seven days that I spent in the country were jam packed full of travel, meetings, sites, and people. We crammed so much into that one week that it honestly felt like we had been there for a month. We were able […]
          Belize That        
I’ve left Canada and spent last night back in the beautiful State of Texas.  We spent two years living in Austin, but last night was my first time ever in Houston. This morning I am off to Belize….Central America’s only country where English is the official language. I’m not going on a vacation….I’m not going there […]
          Comment #3077        
Where are you stationed again- Belize? Anyways, it is OVER. In fact it was over when the REAL Republican candidates were defeated by Trump. It's mystifying that the majority of repub LP members seem to think we idiots. You guys are NOT hoping for Trump to win usher in major changes, you just don't want Hillary to win. I totally get that but don't think for a minute that your gets pass others myself. Trump can't even get the majority of the republicans to coalesce behind him. His fights with the
          By: Eye in the Sky        
Belize Met Service PLEASE learn to read a radar map and quit scaring the people of Corozal. They are very stupid in the north.
          By: betty valencia        
god save all belize
          Biological Sciences Professors Make Headlines         
John Cigliano, Ph.D., associate professor of biology, and Rich Kliman, Ph.D., professor of biology, have been researching the sustainability of the queen conch in Belize for the last several years with Cedar Crest College students.
          By: Marie        
http://7newsbelize.com/sstory.php?nid=15010 It shows this guy had a long rap history and that fooled a certain doctor in a last case by convincing him to tell the court he was not fit to stand trial-hope he doesn't pull that stunt again and the court should not accept this doctor again for letting dangerous criminals out on the street-he certainly can plan and calmly walk away but when caught-ggets mental problems? revoke a medical license and lock them both up.
          By: Storm        
Good news that only a bad guy got injured. Hopefully he and his partner will both get sentenced to long mandatory terms -- provided the honorable judge follows the law. Another good illustration of Belizeans helping themselves to fight criminals. It's the only real chance we have to beat them, with our broken criminal justice system. More licenced guns and more security cameras, and we just might win the battle against crime.
          Studying in Belize: A Student's Perspective        
Cedar Crest College faculty and students have been undertaking a research project involving the sustainability of the Queen Conch in Belize for the last six years led by John Cigliano, associate professor of biology, and Rich Kliman, professor of biology. This is the final in a series of short articles written by Kenzie Bickhart, a senior biodiversity and conservation biology major, who participated in the research project in August.
          Studying the Queen Conch Pt. 2: First Impressions        
Cedar Crest College faculty and students have been undertaking a research project involving the sustainability of the Queen Conch in Belize for the last six years led by John Cigliano, associate professor of biology, and Rich Kliman, professor of biology. This is the first in a series of short articles written by Kenzie Bickhart, a senior biodiversity and conservation biology major, who participated in the research project earlier this month.
          Studying the Queen Conch Pt. 1: A Student's Perspective        
Cedar Crest College faculty and students have been undertaking a research project involving the sustainability of the Queen Conch in Belize for the last six years led by John Cigliano, associate professor of biology, and Rich Kliman, professor of biology. This is the first in a series of short articles written by Kenzie Bickhart, a senior biodiversity and conservation biology major, who participated in the research project earlier this month.
          Cedar Crest Professors Continue Research on Belize Queen Conch Populations         
John Cigliano, chair of biological sciences at Cedar Crest College, and Richard Kliman, associate professor of biological sciences, have been working for several years on a project to study the queen conch population in Belize, a Central American country bordered by Mexico, Guatemala, and the Caribbean Sea.
          The Maya of Eternal Time & The Shift of The Ages        
Don Alejandro Cirilo - "Wandering Wolf", the living Dali Lama of the Maya. Don Alejandro is the head of the Mayan Council of Guatemala, which is represented by ALL 440 Mayan tribes in Mexico, Belize and Guatemala, the entire Mayan nation. According to Don Alejandro, a 13th generation Mayan shaman, the Maya have not spoken or written a single word with permission from the Mayan Council in 527 years.

To initiate a change in this silence, The Mayan Council brought a global assembly of people from all the continents of the world into sacred ceremony deep in the jungle of Guatemala in November of 2007, and in so doing, began to initiate the whole world into an amazing release of knowledge and wisdom to prepare the planet for a transformation into a new world of Light and realization.

---------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------
A Message from Drunvalo Melchizedek:

"Honestly, I believe the Maya are about to give this world their most sacred knowledge from their heart to help us along the path of consciousness just as a loving big brother or sister would.

The Maya feel it is their responsibility to let the world be aware of their past experience, their ancient memories around what the date of December 21, 2012 really means.

There are so many people stepping forward from the modern world, who are not Maya, with their books, videos and movies to tell us what the Mayan people know about our immediate future. Now the Maya wish to have a chance to tell their own story straight from their own heart.

I am here only to open the way, as they have asked me to. It is my and the Mayan peoples hope that you will listen. It is definitely to your advantage. At the right time in the future, the leaders of the Mayan people will bring this opening to fruition. You will be there to hear and see their hearts speaking directly to you God willing."

View Drunvalo's Momentous July 29, 2009 Webcast:
This is a web broadcast of Drunvalo Melchizedek sharing about the Mayan Prophecies and 2012. The leader of the Mayan Council of Elders Don Alejandro Cirilo Perez has given his approval to Drunvalo to tell the world what the Mayans themselves have to say about the 2012 prophecies. This is the first time they reveal to the world what they think will happen.

YouTube Videos:


For More Information, please visit:


          Flowers: Sunset In Belize Bouquet        
Cheerful and bright, the Floral Vibrance Bouquet leaves a huge impact. Red and orange gerbera daisies, pink matsumoto asters, pink spray roses and purple statice come together beautifully in a lovely glass vase. This standard size arrangement will be hand-delivered the same day by a local florist.
          Flowers: Sunset In Belize Bouquet - DELUXE        
Cheerful and bright, the Floral Vibrance Bouquet leaves a huge impact. Red and orange gerbera daisies, pink matsumoto asters, pink spray roses and purple statice come together beautifully in a lovely glass vase. This deluxe size arrangement will be hand-delivered the same day by a local florist.
          Flowers: Sunset In Belize Bouquet - PREMIUM - Large        
Cheerful and bright, the Floral Vibrance Bouquet leaves a huge impact. Red and orange gerbera daisies, pink matsumoto asters, pink spray roses and purple statice come together beautifully in a lovely glass vase. This premium size arrangement will be hand-delivered the same day by a local florist.
          News Bulletin: Flights to Belize - rock bottom prices        
Flights to Belize are now at rock bottom prices - act fast - these won't last!We still have some spaces over the holidays on our riding tours in Belize -- here is your chandce !  It's a great opportunity to get away with some spectacular savings this winter season. Delta and Continental  are offering heavily discounted pricing on many flights to Belize from now through February.  Th
          July 25 Update: New TD Cash Back cards added to comparison chart, WestJet pulls purchase discount, AIR MILES hotel bonuses        
News, Tips & Tricks

The new TD Cash Back Visa Infinite Card (which we covered on the blog last week) and the new TD Cash Back Visa Card have both been added to our Cash Back Credit Card Comparison chart. See how they compare here.
When TD released these cards they pulled the following cards off the market:
· TD Cash Back Mastercard® Card
· TD Gold Elite Visa Card
· TD Classic Travel Visa Card
· TD Green Visa Card

We received an email from WestJet Rewards that they have pulled their offer of a 15% discount on buying WestJet dollars. There was no explanation as to why.

Onto better news from WestJet. Yesterday they revealed details on the winter flying schedule which includes new routes between Calgary & Belize, Edmonton & Huatulco and Vancouver & Huatiulco. On top of that there are increased frequencies on many routes within Canada, to the U.S. and sun destinations. Routes like Calgary-Toronto, Toronto-Montreal, Toronto-Ottawa and Calgary-Kelowna see significant increases. Find out more here.


Posts since our last update:


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          By: Belizean        
U dont need a weapon to defend yourself. If you use a knife on a person, what else do you expect than to kill, eh? These little boys...Where did they get these ideas from? Human beings learn from human beings, mostly from older ones. Another source for learning to do violence is the T V. Seeds are sown, and harvest time comes.
          Flights from Cologne to Belize City        
Find cheap flights and airlines tickets to flight from Cologne to Belize City
          Guatemala Quetzal(GTQ)/Belize Dollar(BZD)        
1 Guatemala Quetzal = 0.27157 Belize Dollar
          3,400: Hickatee Cottages        
As I’ve probably mentioned many times over the past decade, Hickatee Cottages in Punta Gorda, Belize is one of my favourite places. I’ve been thinking about Belize a lot recent. Not really sure why. Maybe it’s the time of year that brings it to mind again, as I was there in the summer last year. […]
                  
7 Lubang Besar Yang Menembus Dunia

1. Kimberley Hole – Afrika Selatan

Lubang Besar Kimberley berada di Afrika Selatan dan lubang ini mencapai kedalaman 1.097 meter dan garis tengah lubang ini adalah 463 meter. Lubang ini adalah yang terbesar yang pernah digali manusia di atas bumi ini. Dari tahun 1866 hingga 1914 (ditutup pemerintah) sebanyak 50.000 penambang telah menggali lubang ini dan menghasilkan lebih dari 3 ton berlian. Jumlah tanah yang terbuang oleh penambangan diperkirakan sekitar 22,5 juta ton.


































2. Glory Hole – Monticello Dam, California


Lubang ini merupakan spillway terbesar di dunia, digunkan apabila air sudah melebihi kapasitas waduk dan harus dikurangi volumenya. Dengan ukuran ini memungkinkan untuk mengkonsumsi 14.400 kubik air setiap detik. Lokasi lubang ini berada di Bendungan Monticello, California, Amerika.














Coba perhatikan lubang pada bagian kiri gambar di atas, jika Anda melompat ke dalam maka Anda akan keluar dari pancaran air di dekat bagian bawah bendungan (Gambar di bawah).



















3. Bingham Canyon Mine – Utah

Lubang ini dibuat manusia untuk pertambangan. Pengerukan dimulai pada tahun 1863 dan masih terus berlangsung sampai dengan hari ini. Pada saat ini ukuran lubang adalah dengan kedalaman 0,75 mil dan lebar 2,5 mil.































4. Great Blue Hole – Belize


Fenomena geografis yang luar biasa ini dikenal sebagai “Blue Hole” terletak 60 mil di bagian daratan Belize. Terdapat banyak “blue hole” di seluruh dunia, tetapi tidak seperti yang menakjubkan ini. Pada permukaan diameter lubang adalah 0,25 mil, dengan kedalaman mencapai 145 meter. Dengan jelas bisa diamati dengan menyelam.
































5. Mirny Diamond Mine – Serbia


Banyak orang telah melihat lubang satu ini. Mereka berpendapat bahwa penambangan intan ini hasil perbuatan manusia terburuk yang pernah ada di dunia. Pada kedalaman 525 meter dan diameter atas 1200 meter, bahkan telah ditetapkan larangan terbang di atas zona lubang karena beberapa helikopter pernah jatuh kedalam lubang tersebut.























6. Diavik Mine – Kanada

Lubang yang luar biasa ini dapat ditemukan di 300km timur laut dari Yellowknife di Kanada. Ini adalah tambang yang sangat besar dan daerah yang jauh sehingga ia bahkan telah memiliki sendiri bandara dengan landasan yang cukup besar untuk menampung sebuah Boeing 737. Hal itu juga terlihat sama ketika air di sekililingnya membeku.



















7. Sink Hole – Guatemala

Pada tahun 2007 terjadi sebuah sink hole atau lubang sedalam 300 kaki yang sanggup menelan Patung Liberty. Sinkhole disebabkan ketika air (air hujan atau kotoran biasanya) di dalam bumi hilang pada skala besar, sehingga menyebabkan perubahan tekanan dari bawah, ketidakstabilan alam dan menyebabkan permukaan tanah “collaps” atau runtuh ke dalam bumi, menenggelamkan belasan rumah dan menewaskan setidaknya 3 orang.


          John McAfee Has Been Arrested, But Not For What You Think        
You might be thinking, oh he was finally arrested for the murder that happened to his neighbor in Belize but no, He was arrested in Guatamala for illegally entering the country. Who would of thought that… Anyways, I dont really have anything else to say about this story other than McAfee is a nut. You … Continue reading
          2-Bedroom Private Pool Villa        

The 2-bedroom villa offers the ultimate in luxury accommodations in Belize. With a considered design style and 2500 sq ft of private space, this villa helps to redefine travel to inland Belize and provides unparalleled personal service and a very intimate travel experience.

Amenities Include:

  • 1 Master bedroom with a King bed
  • 1 guest bedroom with choice of 2 twin beds or 1 King
  • Private living area
  • Personal Butler
  • Private Plunge Pool
  • Private Outdoor shower
  • Private Dining Options
  • Personal Pre-stocked Outdoor Wet Bar
  • Private Gardens
  • Private outdoor living and dining spaces
  • Flat screen TV
  • Air Conditioning
  • Spacious bathroom with vanity
  • Plush robes
  • Complimentary wireless high speed internet
  • In-room phone and voicemail
  • In-room safe
  • Hair dryer
  • Designated Housekeeper

 

The 2-Bedroom Villa rates start at US$1,200.00 in the standard season, based on quad occupancy.

Cancellation Policy:

No refunds will be available for no shows, late arrival, or early departure. Should the guest decide to cancel, a minimum of 60 days notice is required prior to arival for a full refund, minus a US$100 administrative fee. 50% refunds will be granted for cancellations 45-59 days prior to arrival. All cancellations 44 days or less prior to arival are non-refundable. 

Click Here for our interactive map experience.

Link to: 
mailto:info@kaanabelize.com
Button Copy: 
Inquire Now
Available in Spanish: 
Yes

          1-Bedroom Private Pool Villa        

Positioned off a secluded garden pathway and boasting 1250 Sq. Ft. of private space, the villa offers the most current lifestyle amenities while continuing to embrace the culture and history of inland Belize.
 
Amenities include:

  • 1 California King bed with high thread count sheets
  • Personalized mini bars
  • Personal Butler
  • Private Plunge Pool
  • Private Outdoor showers
  • Private Dining Options
  • Private Gardens
  • Private outdoor terrace
  • Flat screen TV
  • Air Conditioning
  • Spacious bathroom with vanity
  • Plush robes
  • Complimentary wireless high speed internet
  • In-room phone and voicemail
  • In-room safe
  • Hair dryer
  • Designated Housekeeper

 

The 1-Bedroom Villa rates start at US$800.00 in the standard season, based on double occupancy.

Cancellation Policy: 
No refunds will be available for no shows, late arrival, or early departure. Should the guest decide to cancel, a minimum of 60 days notice is required prior to arival for a full refund, minus a US$100 administrative fee. 50% refunds will be granted for cancellations 45-59 days prior to arrival. All cancellations 44 days or less prior to arival are non-refundable. 

Click Here for our interactive map experience.

Link to: 
mailto:info@kaanabelize.com
Button Copy: 
Inquire Now
Available in Spanish: 
Yes

          Balam Suites        

Balam Suites are nestled in a hacienda style home on the grounds of Ka’ana Boutique Resort. These five graciously appointed luxury accommodations all offer private entrances with lovely outdoor sitting areas overlooking the pool or tropical gardens. These intimate rooms feature clean lines and high ceilings with luxurious amenities and queen beds.

Balam is Mayan for Jaguar and jaguars are said to travel in groups of five and come at night to villages. The Maya believed the Jaguar spirit protected them and their settlement.

Balam Rooms ensure you feel revitalized and ready to explore the Maya archaeological sites located just a short distance away from the resort.
 

Amenities Include:

  • Daily Continental Breakfast served in room or at La Ceiba Restaurant 
  • 300 sq. feet (28 sq m) of interior space
  • Queen bed with high thread count sheets
  • Private outdoor terrace (or balcony)
  • Lush tropical garden and / or pool views
  • Luxurious bedding and linens
  • Plasma flat screen TV
  • iPod docking stations
  • Executive mini bar
  • Ceiling fan
  • Air conditioning
  • Spacious bathroom
  • Plush robes
  • Hair dryer
  • Complimentary ironing service
  • Comfortable lounge chair
  • Complimentary wireless high speed Internet
  • Phone and voice mail
  • Twice daily and "on demand" housekeeping services
  • Room service
  • In-room safe

 

Balam Room rates start at US$285.00 in the standard season, based on double occupancy.

Cancellation Policy:

No refunds will be available for no shows, late arrival, or early departure. Should the guest decide to cancel, a minimum of 60 days notice is required prior to arival for a full refund, minus a US$100 administrative fee. 50% refunds will be granted for cancellations 45-59 days prior to arrival. All cancellations 44 days or less prior to arival are non-refundable. 

Click Here for our interactive map experience.

Link to: 
https://www.yourreservation.net/ibe/HUBZEKA/main.html;jsessionid=0878D0DBD77E0D6A3981B83FF525B046.node3?_flowExecutionKey=_c8880BA79-7E24-E4BA-2D59-6B5E8EB55F66_kFD4B3396-36F2-AAB8-06E6-BA431DBD5C1B
Button Copy: 
Book Now
Available in Spanish: 
Yes

          Master Suites        

The Master Suites at Ka'ana offer 700sq ft of private space with individual front and back decks, including an enclosed garden and private outdoor shower. You will enjoy the jungles and archaeological intrigue of the Cayo area by day and be immersed in the comfort you have become accustomed to and deserve by night.

The walls of your Casita are adorned with local art, and your French doors and windows allow the indoors to embrace the outdoors in a seamless way. Your bathroom vanity is done in a beautiful Central American hardwood called "Poison Heart" and is the masterpiece of a spacious, naturally lit space.

Amenities Include:

  • Daily Continental Breakfast served in room or at La Ceiba Restaurant
  • 700 sq ft (65 sq m) of private space
  • California king with high thread count sheets
  • Private outdoor terrace and balcony
  • Pool views
  • Private outdoor garden with outdoor shower
  • Luxurious bedding and linens
  • Plasma flat screen TV
  • iPod docking stations
  • Executive mini bar
  • Ceiling fan
  • Air conditioning
  • Spacious bathrooms
  • Plush robes
  • Hair dryer
  • In-room sitting area
  • Complimentary ironing service
  • Complimentary wireless high speed Internet
  • Phone and voicemail
  • Twice daily and "on demand" housekeeping services
  • Room service
  • In-room safe

 

Master Suites start at US$450.00 in the standard season, based on double occupancy.

Cancellation Policy:

No refunds will be available for no shows, late arrival, or early departure. Should the guest decide to cancel, a minimum of 60 days notice is required prior to arival for a full refund, minus a US$100 administrative fee. 50% refunds will be granted for cancellations 45-59 days prior to arrival. All cancellations 44 days or less prior to arival are non-refundable. 

Click Here for our interactive map experience.

Link to: 
https://www.yourreservation.net/ibe/HUBZEKA/main.html;jsessionid=9C6925B631D705138F8726AC2B4424B3.node3?_flowExecutionKey=_cCFCE2986-0D56-730A-7F75-2E9B26FFEF72_k5AF4229A-46DA-33AD-8BB1-187259822691
Button Copy: 
Book Now
Available in Spanish: 
Yes

          Casita Suites        

These private luxurious accommodations, referred to in Spanish as "Casitas" or small homes, are positioned off a lovely pathway lined with fragrant tropical fruit trees and lush landscaping.

We've ensured that the Casitas at Ka'ana are the most comfortable and most "current" rooms in Western Belize. You will enjoy the jungles and archaeological intrigue of the Cayo area by day and be immersed in the comfort you have become accustomed to and deserve by night.

The walls of your Casita are adorned with local art, and your french doors and windows allow the indoors to embrace the outdoors in a seamless way. Your bathroom vanity is done in a beautiful Central American hardwood called "Poison Heart" and is the masterpiece of a spacious, naturally lit space.
 
Amenities Include:

  • Daily Continental Breakfast served in room or at La Ceiba Restaurant
  • 400 sq. feet (38 sq m) of interior space
  • 1 or 2 Queen beds with high thread count sheets
  • Private outdoor terrace and balcony
  • Lush tropical garden and pool views
  • Luxurious bedding and linens
  • Plasma flat screen TV
  • iPod docking stations
  • Executive mini bar
  • Ceiling fan
  • Air conditioning
  • Spacious bathrooms
  • Plush robes
  • Hair dryer
  • In-room sitting area
  • Complimentary ironing service
  • Complimentary wireless high speed Internet
  • Phone and voicemail
  • Twice daily and "on demand" housekeeping services
  • Room service
  • In-room safe

 

Queen Casitas start at US$385.00 in the standard season, based on double occupancy. 

Cancellation Policy:

No refunds will be available for no shows, late arrival, or early departure. Should the guest decide to cancel, a minimum of 60 days notice is required prior to arival for a full refund, minus a US$100 administrative fee. 50% refunds will be granted for cancellations 45-59 days prior to arrival. All cancellations 44 days or less prior to arival are non-refundable.

Click Here for our interactive map experience.

Link to: 
https://www.yourreservation.net/ibe/HUBZEKA/main.html;jsessionid=9C6925B631D705138F8726AC2B4424B3.node3?_flowExecutionKey=_cCFCE2986-0D56-730A-7F75-2E9B26FFEF72_k5AF4229A-46DA-33AD-8BB1-187259822691
Button Copy: 
Book Now
Available in Spanish: 
Yes

          Talented Belizean Artists took to the stage at the 2014 Belize National Song Competition        
Belizeans are gearing up for the month of September which is a month of celebrations and festivities in Belize.

Winners of the 2014 Belize National Song Competition
L-R: TRShine, Cecil Jenkins, Nello Player
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved
The festivities started off on Saturday, August 9th, 2014 when talented Belizean artists took to the stage in hopes of winning and taking the title for their respective divisions of music. The National Song Competition is broken into three Divisions; Junior Belize Song, Senior Belize Song and Carnival Song Divisions.

There was a really good cross section of artists from all over Belize, some are new artists and some are experienced artists. The artists really came out singing at their very best and some surely entertained in style, showcasing Belizean patriotic costumes to heighten the mood and feeling of their songs. Here are some of the photos from the night, courtesy of Will Moreno Photography



Lucreshia Underwood
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved
Tara Gill
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved

Jael August
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved


© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved


© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved

© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved

Sam Harris
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved
Ernestine Carballo
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved




Chico Ramos
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved

Shameeka Moir - Breakout Artist of the Year
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved
Earlyn Hutchinson - Breakout Artist of the Year
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved

Boss Lady
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved


© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved
Ernestine Carballo
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved


Leslie Bastic Jenkins - "Big Truck" - Breakout Artist of the Year
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved

After an undoubtedly difficult decision there were only 3 winners from all 18 artists that made it to the finals that could claim the title. Those winners were Cecil Jenkins Jr. who claimed the title for the Junior Belize Song Division with his song, "Pocono Buoy".  Nello Player who claimed the title for the Senior Belize Song Division with his song, "Real Belizean" and TR Shine who claimed the title for the Carnival Song Division with his song, "Borderline".  Nello Player and TR Shine also walked away with the People's Choice Awards for their respective divisions.


Cecil Jenkins Jr - "Pocono Buoy" - Winner of Junior Belize Song Division
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved
Nello Player - "Real Belizean" - Winner of Senior Belize Song Division
© 2014 Will Moreno Photography. All Rights Reserved