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          Good Morning, Gratuitous Morgan Spector   
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I wish I could say that Morgan Spector's been on my mind ever since I saw him on-stage opposite Charlie Cox last year in that play Incognito - it wouldn't be a lie to say he caught my eye up there on that stage, but I was there for Charlie, let's be real. 

And it might be true that me getting around to this post was brought on by this week's tepid viewing of the first episode of The Mist, which I made reference to yesterday - I know that Morgan is better than what he's being handed there. 

But it is actually a conspiracy between two things that's finally got me doing this post. One, Morgan is in that movie Permission that I reviewed at Tribeca (and which I called "surprisingly sexy" in the bald hopes of getting a poster whore quote) that also stars Dan Stevens and Rebecca Hall and Gena Gershon (not to mention Francois Arnaud's Penis) and which is, and I quote myself, "surprisingly sexy." 

And bringing a lot of that sex to the film is Morgan himself, who plays Hall's brother's boyfriend and who saunters around the film half-naked a lot and has a hot gay sex scene to boot.

The second conspiratorial factor in today's post is the fact that I only recently (as in a couple of weeks ago, long after seeing Permission) found out that Morgan is married to his co-star Rebecca Hall, and I am obsessed with them, as individuals and a couple, now. There was a really fascinating profile on Hall in The New Yorker a few weeks ago - did any of you read it? And she comes off as, in my boyfriend's words (and he didn't even read the article) "a superior human." Not in that obnoxious better-than-you way, but in that definitely better than all of us way that one should aspire towards. She is smart and she paints - really good paintings too! - and she is a fine actress and she has this regal bearing about her that I love, and she married Morgan Spector the end.

She is smart. Okay I am besotted, it's true. Hall was so so so spectacular in Christine last year though, so I have excuses, and coming along for the ride is this great big hot man she has attached to herself. And here we are. I had to rush this post a little bit - as I gathered it up this morning I realized it was going to be afternoon by the time I got it finished if I didn't, and what good is a "Good Morning" post is it's in the afternoon? Still there's plenty more after the jump (like almost 100 more, and it gets pretty NSFW at that) so hit the jump for plenty more...
































































          DOE Science Research Connection   

The DOE Science Research Connection (SRC) is limited to the DOE community. Offering over four million bibliographic records, SRC includes all of the information formerly found in the DOE restricted versions of the Energy Citations Database and Information Bridge, as well as other information restricted to the DOE community. This database is restricted to DOE employees and contractors and is available at the PPPL facilities only. Users are encouraged by the DOE to create a log in for further access to restricted information.


          Shaving Kit Supplies Vintage   
I'm dusting off Please Sir and slowly returning to the blogosphere with new aspirations and inspiring ideas. I apologize for the long absence, but I needed a little transition time for my new job (yay!). I'm excited and nervous all at the same time. I will have more responsibility, but I look forward to the challenges and creative fuel ahead. One can dream for it all, right?! Please bear with me as I find a blogging routine that works best with my new responsibilities. Thank you for being patience and awesome!

Let's start the week off with beautiful vintage finds from Shaving Kit Supplies. From a lovely French clock, heart brooch (perfect for Valentine's Day), vintage money bag (perfect for pillows), fox door knocker and a large variety of book prints.

Link - Shaving Kit Supplies
             

SABAR MENGHADAPI COBAAN

Dari Shuhaib radhiyallahu anhu, sesungguhnya Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam bersabda:



“Sungguh menakjubkan urusan orang beriman! Sesungguhnya semua urusannya baik. Dan yang demikian tidak dapat dirasakan oleh siapapun selain orang beriman. Jika ia memperoleh kebahagiaan, maka ia bersyukur. Bersyukur itu baik baginya. Dan jika ia ditimpa mudharat, maka ia bersabar. Dan bersabar itu baik baginya.” (HR Muslim 5318)

Dari Ummu Al-Ala’, dia berkata :

“Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam menjengukku tatkala aku sedang sakit, lalu beliau berkata. ‘Gembirakanlah wahai Ummu Al-Ala’. Sesungguhnya sakitnya orang Muslim itu membuat Allah menghilangkan kesalahan-kesalahan, sebagaimana api yang menghilangkan kotoran emas dan perak”. (Isnadnya Shahih, ditakhrij Abu Daud, hadits nomor 3092)

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Dari Sa’id bin Abi Waqqash Radhiyallahu anhu, dia berkata. ‘Aku pernah bertanya : Wahai Rasulullah, siapakah orang yang paling keras cobaannya ? Beliau menjawab: “Para nabi, kemudian orang pilihan dan orang pilihan lagi. Maka seseorang akan diuji menurut agamanya. Apabila agamanya merupakan yang kuat, maka cobaannya juga berat. Dan, apabila di dalam agamanya ada kelemahan, maka dia akan diuji menurut agamanya. Tidaklah cobaan menyusahkan seorang hamba sehingga ia meninggalkannya berjalan di atas bumi dan tidak ada satu kesalahan pun pada dirinya”

Dari Abu Sa’id Al-Khudry Radhiyallahu anhu, dia berkata. ‘Aku memasuki tempat Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, dan beliau sedang demam. Lalu kuletakkan tanganku di badan beliau, maka aku merasakan panas ditanganku di atas selimut.

Lalu aku berkata. ‘Wahai Rasulullah, alangkah kerasnya sakit ini pada dirimu’.

Beliau berkata: “Begitulah kami . Cobaan dilipatkan kepada kami dan pahala juga ditingkatkan bagi kami”.

Aku bertanya. ‘Wahai Rasulullah, siapakah orang yang paling berat cobaannya ?

Beliau menjawab: “Para nabi”.

Aku bertanya. ‘Wahai Rasulullah, kemudian siapa lagi?

Beliau menjawab: “Kemudian orang-orang shalih. Apabila salah seorang di antara mereka diuji dengan kemiskinan, sampai-sampai salah seorang diantara mereka tidak mendapatkan kecuali mantel yang dia himpun. Dan, apabila salah seorang diantara mereka sungguh merasa senang karena cobaan, sebagaimana salah seorang diantara kamu yang senang karena kemewahan”.

Dari Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu anhu, ia berkata. “Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam berkata :

“ Cobaan tetap akan menimpa atas diri orang mukmin dan mukminah, anak dan juga hartanya, sehingga dia bersua Allah dan pada dirinya tidak ada lagi satu kesalahanpun”.

Dari Abi Sa’id Al-Khudry dan Abu Hurairah Radhiyallahu anhuma, keduanya pernah mendengar Rasulullah Shallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam berkata.

“Tidaklah seorang Mukmin ditimpa sakit, letih, demam, sedih hingga kekhawatiran yang mengusiknya, melainkan Allah mengampuni kesalahan-kesalahannya”. (HR. Bukhori&Muslim)


Doa mohon kesabaran :



رَبَّنَآ أَفْرِغْ عَلَيْنَا صَبْرًۭا وَثَبِّتْ أَقْدَامَنَا وَٱنصُرْنَا عَلَى ٱلْقَوْمِ ٱلْكَٰفِرِينَ


“Rabbanaa afrig ‘alainaa sabran wa sabbit aqdaamanaa wansurnaa ‘alal qaumil kaafiriina”

Artinya: “Ya Tuhan kami, limpahkanlah kesabaran kepada kami, kukuhkanlah langkah kami dan tolonglah kami menghadapi orang-orang kafir” (Q.S. al-Baqarah [2]: 250)”

Agar kita memiliki kemampuan untuk senantiasa istiqomah dalam bersyukur kala senang dan bersabar kala sedih, doa Nabi shollallahu ’alaih wa sallam yang diajarkan kepada sahabat Zaid radhiyallahu ’anhu mungkin dapat membantu kita. Doanya adalah sebabgai berikut:


“Ya Allah, aku mohon ridho (dalam hatiku) sesudah keputusanMu, kesejukan hidup setelah kematian, kelezatan memandang wajahMu dan kerinduan berjumpa denganMu.” (HR Ahmad 20678)

Doa agar jadi orang sabar lainnya:

"Allahummaj'alni syakuuro waj 'alni shobuuro waj'alni fii ainii shoghiiro waj'alni fii a'yuninnaasi kabuuro"
"Ya Allah jadikanlah aku termasuk orang yang bersyukur dan jadikanlah aku orang yang sabar dan jadikanlah (orang lain) 'kecil' menurut pandanganku dan jadikanlah aku di dalam pandangan manusia 'besar' (wibawa)"

Salah satu bentuk sabar ialah seseorang sanggup mengambil pelajaran dari setiap musibah yang menimpa dirinya. Ia mendahulukan untuk menyalahkan dirinya sendiri daripada mencari fihak lain sebagai sebab musibah tersebut. Lalu ia selanjutnya mengkoreksi diri agar tidak jatuh kepada kekeliruan langkah seperti yang ia telah lakukan sebelumnya.

Ben, Gaetano, Leo, Shane and Steve are back this week to talk about newly released titled ScreamRide and Helldivers. In the news, Rock Band 4 and Wolfenstein: The Old Blood have been confirmed but a

This content originally appeared on Stevivor, at Friendly Fire Show 087: Roller coaster tycoonishness.


          Borja es ahora amigo/a de Tasio y SOÑADORA   
Borja es ahora amigo/a de Tasio y SOÑADORA
Versión reducidaVersión reducida

          La voz dormida de Dulce Chacón   

La voz dormida

La voz dormida es un libro de la escritora Dulce Chacón, una novela histórica estructurada en tres partes y que se desarrolla en la postguerra civil española entre la cárcel madrileña de las Ventas y una pequeña pensión de la calle Atocha. Se desarrolla entre los años 1939 y 1963. Fue publicada en 2002 por la editorial Alfaguara. (artículo de Wikipedia)









Las Trece Rosas

Las Trece Rosas es el nombre colectivo que se le dio a un grupo de trece jóvenes, la mitad de ellas miembros de las Juventudes Socialistas Unificadas (JSU), fusiladas por el régimen franquista en Madrid, el 5 de agosto de 1939, poco después de finalizar la Guerra Civil Española. Sus edades estaban comprendidas entre los 18 y los 29 años. Las Trece Rosas fueron Carmen Barrero Aguado, Martina Barroso García, Blanca Brisac Vázquez, Pilar Bueno Ibáñez, Julia Conesa Conesa, Adelina García Casillas, Elena Gil Olaya, Virtudes González García, Ana López Gallego, Joaquina López Laffite, Dionisia Manzanero Salas, Victoria Muñoz García y Luisa Rodríguez de la Fuente. En realidad, las mujeres fusiladas fueron catorce, porque a las anteriores debe sumarse Antonia Torre Yela, fusilada el 19 de febrero de 1940. (artículo de Wikipedia)

Resultado de imagen de getafe trece rosas
En mayo de 2006 se inauguró en Getafe la Fuente de las Trece Rosas. Está situada en la confluencia de las Avenidas de España y de Juan de Borbón. Está compuesta por trece grupos de chorros de agua. Cada uno de ellos cuenta con una escultura de acero que simboliza una vida truncada en la que está insertada una rosa y el nombre encastrado de cada una de las trece mujeres.


El 3 de noviembre de 2009 el grupo de rock Barricada lanza su último trabajo llamado La tierra está sorda en homenaje a las víctimas del franquismo, en el cual dos canciones recuerdan a las Trece Rosas: "Hasta siempre, Tensi" y "Pétalos".











          NASA aerospace engineer tells more than 600 girls to reach for the stars at PPPL’s Young Women’s conference   

NASA aerospace engineer Aprille Ericsson told more than 600 seventh- to tenth-grade girls at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory’s Young Women’s Conference that she was depending on them to pursue their dreams and make their ideas a reality in the wide-open field of Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM).

“You guys are very capable of so many ideas and I’m depending on you,” Ericsson told an enthusiastic audience at Princeton University’s Richardson Auditorium at the March 23 event. “Don’t be scared to keep pushing forward until you achieve your dream.” 

The Young Women’s Conference has a serious purpose: inspiring young women to enter STEM fields. The number of women in STEM fields has doubled in the past two decades but half of all college-educated employees are women, they still make up just 29 percent or less than one-third of the STEM workforce in the U.S., according to the National Science Foundation.

The conference was the 16th hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory and the biggest to date with girls coming from schools from all over New Jersey as well as Pennsylvania. They spent the day doing hands-on science activities at more than 30 exhibits at Princeton’s Frick Chemistry Laboratory and they listened to talks by female engineers and watched colorful chemistry experiments before coming together for Ericsson’s keynote address

Exploring new science topics

Students got to test substances on a soiled car seat to determine if the substance was (simulated) blood. They tried out 3-D goggles and built models of the DNA of a virus. “They explored a lot of new science topics,” said organizer Deedee Ortiz, the program administrator in PPPL’s Science Education Department. “This is an opportunity that the majority of these girls would never have otherwise.”

PPPL had several displays in which students learned about plasmas, watched a 3-D printer at work, learned about how a computer is built, and got to try on firefighting equipment. Kathryn Wagner, of Princeton University, showed students chemistry experiments in which she made substances go “boom” and turn bright colors.  

“It’s all cool science,” said Annie Dykstra, an eighth-grader from John Witherspoon Middle School in Princeton. Her teacher, Janet Gaudino, was equally enthusiastic. I love it and I know the girls love it,” she said. “There are so many activities and all it takes is one booth for a girl to say, ‘I want to do that.’ You can’t manufacture that level of engagement in a class.” 

“It’s just a fabulous event,” said Terry Brog, interim director of PPPL, who was one of 60 volunteers from PPPL and Princeton University at the conference. “We need these types of things to get kids interested or keep them interested in STEM.” 

Assemblyman Dan Benson, who visited the event with Assemblyman Wayne DeAngelo, both from the 14th district, said he also was impressed by the event. “This really opens up their eyes to how many avenues there are in the STEM fields,” he said. 

Finding a good life balance

Students heard talks by Jyoti Sharma, a wireless engineer for Nokia, and Valeria Riccardo, head of engineering at PPPL. Riccardo said she told students to “work hard and find a good life balance,” when they begin their careers. Having that balance helps if women are treated like outsiders on the job, she said. “Sometimes we are made to feel we are in the wrong place and it’s good to know in advance that you are OK, which is not always easy,” she said.

In her keynote address, Ericsson, the first African-American woman to receive a Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from Howard University, recounted how she became a scientist. Growing up in Brooklyn, Ericsson said she was inspired to go into a space-related field by movies like “Star Wars” and television shows like “Star Trek.” She said she took part in her school science fairs and was a promising math student. She attended MIT as an undergraduate. But despite being a strong student, it wasn’t always easy, she said. When she failed the same calculus class twice, she might have quit, if it weren’t for the encouragement of mentors to keep going. “If I ever worried about what people thought about me, I would never have become a rocket scientist,” she told students.

By persevering, she became an engineer for NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center just outside Washington D.C. in Greenbelt, Maryland. She was the project manager or engineer for numerous instruments, including the Lunar Orbiter Laser Altimeter (LOLA) that measures the topography of the moon on board the Lunar Reconnaissance Mission, which has been orbiting the moon since 2009. 

Along the way, she worked with a Nobel Prize winner and met the famous civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks. She taught engineering at Howard University and other institutions and has been heavily involved in STEM education programs. Among many awards, Ericsson received the Washington Award from the Western Society of Engineer in 2016, an award whose past recipients include Orville Wright, Henry Ford, and Neil Armstrong. 

Ericsson told students she believes humans could travel to Mars in their lifetime but only if future scientists solve some major challenges over the next decades. She charged the young women in the audience with that task. “We need you guys to develop new launch vehicles that will get us there,” she said. 

Viewing the world without boundaries

When astronauts look down to Earth from the International Space Station they don’t see any boundaries, Ericsson told the audience, “so there shouldn’t be any boundaries for us to work together. You are part of that dream and vision for diversity.”

Students said they liked hearing Ericsson’s story. “I think it was very inspiring,” said Bhavisha Banda, a 10th-grader at West Windsor-Plainsboro North High School. “After her speech, I realized you can mix a lot of your interests (in your career).”

“I enjoyed her passion,” said Michelle Tong, a 10th-grade classmate of Banda’s. “It kind of reinforced the idea that we can be successful in STEM and have a big impact on the future.” 

PPPL, on Princeton University's Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Spotlight: 
Headline: 
NASA aerospace engineer tells more than 600 girls to reach for the stars at PPPL’s Young Women’s conference

          New feedback system could allow greater control over fusion plasma   

Like a potter shaping clay as it spins on a wheel, physicists use magnetic fields and powerful particle beams to control and shape the plasma as it twists and turns through a fusion device. Now a physicist has created a new system that will let scientists control the energy and rotation of plasma in real time in a doughnut-shaped machine known as a tokamak.

“When designing fusion machines, it’s becoming more and more important to use control systems and modeling techniques taken from the world of aeronautics engineering,” said Imène Goumiri, the scientist who led the work. “What’s new is that these tools have now been applied to plasma physics problems; that’s what makes this research unique.” Goumiri was a Princeton University doctoral graduate student who conducted research at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and now is a physicist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Goumiri’s system, known as a feedback controller, includes sensors within the tokamak that are linked to a computer algorithm that interprets the data the sensors gather. The algorithm actuates six beams of neutral particles that heat and spin the plasma inside the tokamak and actuates six rectangular magnetic coils situated around the machine’s exterior. “This is the first time these two actuators have been used together to control the plasma rotation profile,” said Steven Sabbagh, a senior research scientist and adjunct professor of applied physics at Columbia University who has collaborated with PPPL for 27 years and was one of the paper’s co-authors.

By controlling rotation, physicists can prevent instabilities from degrading the magnetic field and allowing the plasma to dissipate, shutting down the fusion reactions.

Researchers designed the algorithm for the National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade (NSTX-U), which has an enhanced neutral beam system that affects the plasma rotation by colliding with the plasma’s charged particles and transferring momentum. The system has two emitters with three neutral beam sources each. One emitter targets the core of the plasma while the other targets the edge to exert leverage over the plasma as a whole. A flexible magnet system allows physicists to further control the plasma rotation distribution. In general, the algorithm uses the magnetic coils and the neutral beam emitters in different combinations to change how different regions of the plasma rotate.

The algorithm also balances the effects of the magnets and the neutral beams to make sure the overall plasma doesn’t lurch roughly from one speed to another. The aim is to achieve a particular amount of plasma heat, or stored energy, along with the desired plasma rotation — an innovation that an earlier version of the algorithm lacked.

Goumiri and the team tested the new controller algorithm on a simulated tokamak created by the computer code TRANSP, a PPPL-designed program used in magnetic fusion research around the world. The test showed that the algorithm could successfully modify both the plasma’s rotation profile and stored energy in ways that would increase the plasma’s stability.

In the future, Goumiri hopes to test her controller algorithm on NSTX-U. Once in operation, the lessons physicists learn from using the algorithm could influence the design of future fusion reactors. Such reactors will have more than one algorithm to control plasma rotation, electric current, and the shape of the plasma. Future research will need to focus on how all the controllers operate together and to design a global system that will allow the controllers to operate harmoniously.

This research was published in February 2017 in the online version of Physics of Plasmas and was funded by the DOE’s Office of Science (Fusion Energy Sciences).

PPPL, on Princeton University’s Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Headline: 
New feedback system could allow greater control over fusion plasma

          New feedback system could allow greater control over fusion plasma   

Like a potter shaping clay as it spins on a wheel, physicists use magnetic fields and powerful particle beams to control and shape the plasma as it twists and turns through a fusion device. Now a physicist has created a new system that will let scientists control the energy and rotation of plasma in real time in a doughnut-shaped machine known as a tokamak.

“When designing fusion machines, it’s becoming more and more important to use control systems and modeling techniques taken from the world of aeronautics engineering,” said Imène Goumiri, the scientist who led the work. “What’s new is that these tools have now been applied to plasma physics problems; that’s what makes this research unique.” Goumiri was a Princeton University doctoral graduate student who conducted research at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and now is a physicist at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Goumiri’s system, known as a feedback controller, includes sensors within the tokamak that are linked to a computer algorithm that interprets the data the sensors gather. The algorithm actuates six beams of neutral particles that heat and spin the plasma inside the tokamak and actuates six rectangular magnetic coils situated around the machine’s exterior. “This is the first time these two actuators have been used together to control the plasma rotation profile,” said Steven Sabbagh, a senior research scientist and adjunct professor of applied physics at Columbia University who has collaborated with PPPL for 27 years and was one of the paper’s co-authors.

By controlling rotation, physicists can prevent instabilities from degrading the magnetic field and allowing the plasma to dissipate, shutting down the fusion reactions.

Researchers designed the algorithm for the National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade (NSTX-U), which has an enhanced neutral beam system that affects the plasma rotation by colliding with the plasma’s charged particles and transferring momentum. The system has two emitters with three neutral beam sources each. One emitter targets the core of the plasma while the other targets the edge to exert leverage over the plasma as a whole. A flexible magnet system allows physicists to further control the plasma rotation distribution. In general, the algorithm uses the magnetic coils and the neutral beam emitters in different combinations to change how different regions of the plasma rotate.

The algorithm also balances the effects of the magnets and the neutral beams to make sure the overall plasma doesn’t lurch roughly from one speed to another. The aim is to achieve a particular amount of plasma heat, or stored energy, along with the desired plasma rotation — an innovation that an earlier version of the algorithm lacked.

Goumiri and the team tested the new controller algorithm on a simulated tokamak created by the computer code TRANSP, a PPPL-designed program used in magnetic fusion research around the world. The test showed that the algorithm could successfully modify both the plasma’s rotation profile and stored energy in ways that would increase the plasma’s stability.

In the future, Goumiri hopes to test her controller algorithm on NSTX-U. Once in operation, the lessons physicists learn from using the algorithm could influence the design of future fusion reactors. Such reactors will have more than one algorithm to control plasma rotation, electric current, and the shape of the plasma. Future research will need to focus on how all the controllers operate together and to design a global system that will allow the controllers to operate harmoniously.

This research was published in February 2017 in the online version of Physics of Plasmas and was funded by the DOE’s Office of Science (Fusion Energy Sciences).

PPPL, on Princeton University’s Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Spotlight: 
Headline: 
New feedback system could allow greater control over fusion plasma

          The physics of ice cream helps inspire students at PPPL’s STEM Day   

More than 35 students from Orange in the north and Moorestown in the south came to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory in central New Jersey in early March for a day of science fun that included ice cream made with cryogenics, cool plasma demos, and a hands-on workshop in which they made motors.

The activities were all part of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Math) Day at the Lab on March 2 and they had a serious aim: engaging students in science and technology and hopefully pointing the way to future careers. 

“It’s all about showing them a career path that is possible for them,” said organizer Shannon Swilley Greco, a program leader in PPPL’s Science Education department. “The communities that we’re reaching typically do not have access to engaging STEM opportunities, let alone exposure to plasma science or fusion.”

PPPL, one of 17 national laboratories and the only one devoted to fusion energy research, worked with Rowan College at Burlington County’s Workforce Development Institute, the American Association of Black Engineers, and the Glover Group to put together the event.  “It’s just an extension of our mission to get the next generation excited about science and on board,” said organizer Larry Glover.

The students rotated from a cryogenics demonstration in which they sampled ice cream made with liquid nitrogen to plasma demonstrations that included the hair-raising Van de Graaff generator and the always popular vacuum chamber that makes a marshmallow expand. They also spent time learning about electromagnets in Science Education.

Michael Maitland, a 6th grader from Heywood Avenue Elementary School in Orange, said she liked making an electromagnet. “My favorite part was going into the Science Education Laboratory and attaching the wires to make the bulb light up. I like how we needed just a battery and copper wire.”

Her friend and classmate, Sarlina Chery, was one of many who enjoyed the ice cream. “I think it was really fascinating, especially with the ice cream because they made it really fast, which was really cool!” she said. “At first I was scared to eat it but when I ate it, it was good!”

Teachers and administrators who came with the groups said they liked how engaged the students were. “I think it was fabulous exposure for our kids,” said Faith Alcantara, the principal of the Heywood School. “They were able to make some connections from what they’ve been seeing in school to how it’s actually applied.”

“I think it was an incredible experience,” agreed Samantha Fossella, assistant principal of the Orange Preparatory Academy. “Our students were really excited about it. This just sparks an interest even for those who aren’t into science. It just brings it to a whole new level.”

Members of the Science Education Department and volunteers said they enjoyed the activities as much as the students. “It was very inspiring to see all these kids who were excited about doing science,” Greco said.

“You asked amazing questions, you participated in everything, so today is just a wonderful day,” Andrew Zwicker, head of Science Education, told the group at the end of the day. “You should know that for everything we gave to you, you gave us back just as much.”

PPPL, on Princeton University's Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Spotlight: 
Headline: 
The physics of ice cream helps inspire students at PPPL’s STEM Day

          West Windsor-Plainsboro South wins U.S. Department of Energy’s N.J. Regional High School Science Bowl at PPPL for third consecutive year   

Two Princeton-area teams will travel to Washington, D.C., to compete in the National Science Bowl® finals after winning the regional middle school and high school competitions at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) New Jersey Science Bowl® at the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) Feb. 24 to 25.

The West Windsor-Plainsboro South Science Bowl team won its third victory in a row at the high school contest on Saturday, Feb. 25. The team was undefeated in 12 rounds of competition at this year’s competition. Thirty-two teams from New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware competed by answering challenging questions in timed rounds in science, technology and mathematics in a quiz-show type double elimination format.

“I’ve got to tell you what a thrill it is to see so may people here with the same enthusiasm and effort we see for our sports teams,” said Andrew Zwicker, head of PPPL’s Communications and Public Outreach Department. 

The winning team, along with the John Witherspoon Middle School team, of Princeton, which won the Middle School tournament on Friday, Feb. 24, will have all expenses paid for the National Science Bowl® April 27 to May 1 in Washington, DC. They will compete with 69 other high school and 49 other middle school regional teams. The DOE’s Office of Science manages the National Science Bowl®, and sponsors the finals competition. More information is available on the NSB website: http://www.science.energy.gov/wdts/nsb/

Approximately 14,000 high schoolers and middle schoolers compete in 70 high school and 50 middle school regional Science Bowl tournaments across the country.

West Windsor-Plainsboro South won the final round of the competition 104 to 76 against the Bridgewater-Raritan High School team, which came in second. The Ridge team from Basking Ridge, New Jersey, came in third place.

The West-Windsor team tied with Ridge in the first half of the 10th round but pulled ahead in the second half. “We’re excited,” said Eric Liu, one of the winning team members. “We were down but we were confident we were going to come back.”

The team captain, Tanishq Aggarwal, is an intern in PPPL’s Science Education Department. “I learned a lot more about fusion energy, so that helped me in previous rounds,” Aggarwal said.

John Witherspoon and Princeton Charter School in final match.

In the middle school contest, two Princeton teams competed in the final rounds to win the tournament.  The John Witherspoon (JW) Middle School team won the competition on Friday, Feb. 24, in the 11th round. It beat the Princeton Charter School team, which placed second.

The team won after going into the 10th round undefeated, and being beaten by the Princeton Charter School in a close contest 114 to 90. In the final round, the JW team won 188 to 72.

The team will join West Windsor-Plainsboro South High School at the National Science Bowl® in Washington, D.C., April 27 to May 1.

“It was really exciting,” said JW team captain Brian Zhang. “I was hoping we might be able to win. 

Sixteen teams from all over New Jersey competed in the middle school version of the game-show-style double-elimination format contest.

The three top teams were also the three top teams last year. JW came in third last year, while the Charter School team also came in second last year. Third-place winner William Annin Middle School in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, came in first last year.

“It was very close,” said JW Coach William Merritt. “I thought we had it and then we lost and then they came back and never let up.” Merritt said he is already looking ahead to the Nationals, which JW attended in 2015. “I’m thinking about DC already. I’m thinking about April. We have a lot of work to do before then.”

Some 50 PPPL scientists, engineers and staff members volunteer for the two-day event as science moderators, judges, timekeepers and helpers. Many of the volunteers have been coming to the Science Bowl for years. Engineer Irving Zatz has been volunteering for 20 years. “I’m always impressed by how well-prepared and how smart they are, how quick too,” he said. “That’s why I’ve been coming back for 20 years because it’s such a thrill.” 

“It’s amazing to see how excited these kids are about science and if all we do is facilitate a fun competition to keep their momentum going, then we will keep making sure that happens,” said Deedee Ortiz, the program administrator of PPPL’s Science Education Department. “They are incredibly smart and if we can give them a chance to see a national laboratory then maybe someday some of those kids will be here working to make the world a better place.” 

PPPL, on Princeton University's Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Spotlight: 
Headline: 
West Windsor-Plainsboro South wins U.S. Department of Energy’s N.J. Regional High School Science Bowl at PPPL for third consecutive year
Subhead: 
Princeton’s John Witherspoon Middle School wins middle school science competition

          A contest of the minds at N.J. Regional Science Bowl   

Teams of middle school and high school students from as far away as Delaware and New York will come to the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) Feb. 24 to Feb. 25 to compete in a battle of the minds in 12 fierce rounds of competition answering challenging math, science and technology questions at the DOE’s New Jersey Regional Science Bowl®, 100 Stellarator Road, Princeton, New Jersey.

The winners of each competition will win all-expense paid trips to DOE’s National Science Bowl® in Washington, D.C., from April 27 to May 1. The middle school winner will compete against 47 other regional teams, while the high school champion will compete against 67 other teams.

This year is the 24th year PPPL will host the Science Bowl in which 16 middle school teams and 32 high school teams will participate. They will answer up to 46 challenging questions in Earth and space science, physical science, life science, math and technology per round with up to 11 rounds for the middle schoolers and up to 13 rounds for the high schoolers in a double-elimination format.

Two local teams went to Washington, D.C., after winning the New Jersey Regional Bowl last year. The West Windsor-Plainsboro South High School team placed first in the high school competition for the second year in a row after remaining undefeated in 12 rounds of competition. William Annin Middle School in Basking Ridge, New Jersey, won the middle school contest.

About 50 PPPL volunteers will serve as moderators, science judges, and timekeepers during the two days of competition.

The Middle School Science Bowl on Feb. 24 will be held from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. and the High School Science Bowl will be on Feb. 25 from 9:30 a.m. to about 4 p.m. The event is open to the public and members of the media. Directions to the Laboratory are available at http://www.pppl.gov/about/visiting-pppl

PPPL, on Princeton University's Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Spotlight: 
Headline: 
A contest of the minds at N.J. Regional Science Bowl

          PPPL physicist uncovers clues to mechanism behind magnetic reconnection   

Physicist Fatima Ebrahimi at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has published a paper showing that magnetic reconnection — the process in which magnetic field lines snap together and release energy — can be triggered by motion in nearby magnetic fields. By running computer simulations, Ebrahimi gathered evidence indicating that the wiggling of atomic particles and magnetic fields within electrically charged gas known as plasma can spark the onset of reconnection, a process that, when it occurs on the sun, can spew plasma into space.

That plasma can eventually interact with magnetic fields surrounding the Earth, endangering communications networks and power systems. In fusion facilities, reconnection can help start and confine the plasma that fuels fusion reactions. This research was funded by the DOE’s Office of Science (Fusion Energy Sciences) and was published in the December issue of Physics of Plasmas.

Using a computer code developed by researchers at universities and fusion labs, Ebrahimi simulated plasma circulating within a vessel shaped like a doughnut. The vessel mimicked the doughnut shape of fusion facilities called tokamaks. The simulated facility had an opening in its floor for physicists to inject magnetic field lines that would balloon in the tokamak’s interior and initiate the fusion process.

Reconnection occurred in the following way. The field lines forming the balloon created an electric current that produced three-dimensional wiggles and wobbles that pushed the open end of the balloon until it closed. At that point, magnetic reconnection occurred and turned the magnetic balloon into a magnetic bubble called a plasmoid that carries electric current.

Ebrahimi is now expanding that research. She is currently looking into how to harness the current to create and confine a fusion plasma without using a large central magnet called a solenoid. 

Different conditions can set off the reconnection process. “If the strength of the field lines associated with the original magnetic balloon is not enough on its own to instigate reconnection,” Ebrahimi said, “the secondary magnetic wiggles can amplify the magnetic fields at the reconnection site, triggering the event.” She is also investigating the amplification of magnetic fields through these secondary three-dimensional magnetic and fluid wiggles known as the dynamo effect.

These findings on the effect of magnetic fields can have a broad impact. “The analysis and the modeling can help us better understand how the reconnection process that is triggered by magnetic perturbations in plasmas can lead to the detachment of magnetic loops on the surface of the sun, or efficient startup for fusion plasmas,” Ebrahimi said.

PPPL, on Princeton University’s Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Headline: 
PPPL physicist uncovers clues to mechanism behind magnetic reconnection

          PPPL physicist uncovers clues to mechanism behind magnetic reconnection   

Physicist Fatima Ebrahimi at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) has published a paper showing that magnetic reconnection — the process in which magnetic field lines snap together and release energy — can be triggered by motion in nearby magnetic fields. By running computer simulations, Ebrahimi gathered evidence indicating that the wiggling of atomic particles and magnetic fields within electrically charged gas known as plasma can spark the onset of reconnection, a process that, when it occurs on the sun, can spew plasma into space. 

That plasma can eventually interact with magnetic fields surrounding the Earth, endangering communications networks and power systems. In fusion facilities, reconnection can help start and confine the plasma that fuels fusion reactions. This research was funded by the DOE’s Office of Science (Fusion Energy Sciences) and was published in the December issue of Physics of Plasmas.

Using a computer code developed by researchers at universities and fusion labs, Ebrahimi simulated plasma circulating within a vessel shaped like a doughnut. The vessel mimicked the doughnut shape of fusion facilities called tokamaks. The simulated facility had an opening in its floor for physicists to inject magnetic field lines that would balloon in the tokamak’s interior and initiate the fusion process.

Reconnection occurred in the following way. The field lines forming the balloon created an electric current that produced three-dimensional wiggles and wobbles that pushed the open end of the balloon until it closed. At that point, magnetic reconnection occurred and turned the magnetic balloon into a magnetic bubble called a plasmoid that carries electric current.

Ebrahimi is now expanding that research. She is currently looking into how to harness the current to create and confine a fusion plasma without using a large central magnet called a solenoid.

Different conditions can set off the reconnection process. “If the strength of the field lines associated with the original magnetic balloon is not enough on its own to instigate reconnection,” Ebrahimi said, “the secondary magnetic wiggles can amplify the magnetic fields at the reconnection site, triggering the event.” She is also investigating the amplification of magnetic fields through these secondary three-dimensional magnetic and fluid wiggles known as the dynamo effect.

These findings on the effect of magnetic fields can have a broad impact. “The analysis and the modeling can help us better understand how the reconnection process that is triggered by magnetic perturbations in plasmas can lead to the detachment of magnetic loops on the surface of the sun, or efficient startup for fusion plasmas,” Ebrahimi said.

PPPL, on Princeton University’s Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Spotlight: 
Headline: 
PPPL physicist uncovers clues to mechanism behind magnetic reconnection

          Conference gives undergraduate women skills, inspiration to pursue physics careers   

Meg Urry was the first tenured woman professor in the Physics Department at Yale University and was often the only woman in her physics classes, including her graduate class at MIT, but she still heard a fellow student complain that women were unfairly given advantages over their male colleagues. “That’s when I realized there was something fishy going on,” she said.

Urry spoke at the 2017 APS Conference for Undergraduate Women in Physics (CUWiP) Mid-Atlantic Regional Conference at Princeton University. She told students that she is still often the only woman in the room even though her department now has six out of 32 female faculty members – the highest number of the top 50 physics departments in the U.S. “That’s crazy, right?” Urry said. “If we were offered the same opportunities and had the same treatment, women would be half the faculty in every subject.”

Urry, a professor of astrophysics at Yale whose research focuses on active galaxies that host supermassive black holes in their centers was one of the plenary speakers at the conference, which focused on giving young women the tools to stay in physics and other STEM fields. More than 200 women attended Jan. 13 to Jan. 15 at Princeton University.

Addressing unconscious bias

Urry noted that the percentage of women in the U.S. graduating from college with physics degrees has remained flat at 20 percent for the past decade. Women in physics and other fields are affected by unconscious bias, Urry said. She cited one study that found participants who were given the resumes of equally qualified men and women were more likely to pick resumes with men’s names on them.

The Princeton CUWiP Conference was one of nine conferences nationwide and one in Canada that took place simultaneously. Other host institutions included Harvard University, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and the University of California, Los Angeles. The conference was offered free aside from a $45 registration fee and travel expenses. It was funded by the DOE’s Office of Science and the National Science Foundation through grants to the American Physical Society.

Shannon Swilley Greco, a Science Education program leader at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL), organized the conference with Lyman Page, chair of the University’s Physics Department, and graduate student Laura Chang. Greco told the young physicists that she hopes the conference will inspire them to stay in a physics or STEM field. “I don’t ever want anyone to leave the field they loved because they felt ill-prepared,” she told the young physicists, “or because they just had so much doubt that they were afraid they weren’t where they were supposed to be, or that they were made to feel unwelcome or uncomfortable.” 

The conference kicked off on Friday, Jan. 13, with a tour of University research laboratories, including the Andlinger Center, Geosciences, and PPPL. More than 60 people attended the PPPL tour, which visited PPPL’s National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade test cell and control room. “I love it!” said Bernadette Haig, a student at Fordham University. “This is new stuff for me, so it’s really cool!”

“Don’t get discouraged”

Women on a career panel made up of women at Google, Solvay, and Princeton and Rowan universities, advised the young women to be persistent. “The golden rule is don’t get discouraged,” said Katerina Visnjic, a senior lecturer in the Princeton Physics Department, who is redesigning the introductory physics curriculum. “When you see scientific results presented, that is the last 1 percent of the work that went into that. It doesn’t reflect the 99 percent that didn’t work.”

The conference offered a variety of workshops on topics from “Mental health,” and “Out in STEM,” to “Negotiation and other professional skills.” In the workshop on “Combatting imposter syndrome & bias and developing a growth mindset,” David Yaeger, an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Texas, Austin, said intelligence is just one factor that predicts an individual’s success. “Intelligence itself is malleable especially in your developing stage,” Yaeger added. “Every time you do a hard mathematical proof, your brain actually changes.”

The “How to be an ally” workshop focused on how to be an ally to under-represented groups. “If you have privilege, use that privilege,” said Geraldine Cochran, dean of the Douglass Project for Rutgers Women in STEM. “If you are only looking at job candidates who have graduate degrees from Harvard and Princeton, why not look at people who did really well but have not gone to undergraduate institutions like that?”

Developing a work-life plan

Students attending a workshop on work-life balance were encouraged to think about developing a work-life plan that builds in time for outside activities and simply having fun. “How are you going to find ways to motivate yourself that help you feel fulfilled? And what is a full life apart from what you imagined a successful life is?” asked Amada Sandoval, director of the Princeton University Women’s Center.

Nergis Mavalvala, a physics professor known for her role in the confirmation of gravitational waves at the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, broadcast her keynote speech from Harvard, with all 10 conferences broadcasting video greetings from their audiences. (The Princeton group did a wave).

Among numerous “Hot Topics in Physics” speakers was Fatima Ebrahimi, a PPPL physicist, who discussed her research studying a phenomenon in magnetic reconnection that could be used to start fusion devices called tokamaks and might also yield insights into magnetic reconnection, the process that triggers solar flames, the Northern Lights, and other astrophysical phenomena. “If you know plasma physics, there’s no boundary,” Ebrahimi told students. “You can do detailed analysis in the lab but then you can move on and answer fundamental questions in astrophysics.”

Several students presented their research in a poster session at the end of the day on Jan. 14. On Jan. 15, the final day of the conference, Katja Nowack, an experimental condensed matter physicist at Cornell University, discussed her research. The conference concluded with a Career and Research Expo at the Frick Chemistry Laboratory Building.

CUWiP Plus at PPPL

A group of about 20 students attended a CUWiP Plus session at PPPL, where they spent Sunday afternoon and Monday morning learning about plasma physics led by physicist Arturo Dominguez, Science Education senior program leader. A second group entitled, "Physics on All Scales," learned about astrophysics through a giant radio antenna and a trip on Sunday to the Princeton University Imaging and Analysis Center.  

Participants in the conference said they enjoyed meeting other female physicists. “I wanted to come to the conference because there are only eight women in my year in physics,” said Katherine Guido, a student at the Stevens Institute of Technology in Hoboken, New Jersey. “I thought it would be really cool to talk to other women physicists.”  

“I think it’s amazing.” said Jessica Irving, an associate professor in the University’s Geosciences Department. “I’ve never been to a meeting like this before – a meeting full of women who are excited about science.”

PPPL, on Princeton University's Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Spotlight: 
Headline: 
Conference gives undergraduate women skills, inspiration to pursue physics careers

          PPPL physicists make first-ever direct observation of collisional plasmoid instability during magnetic reconnection in a laboratory setting   

Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have for the first time directly observed a phenomenon that had previously only been hypothesized to exist. The phenomenon, plasmoid instabilities that occur during collisional magnetic reconnection, had until this year only been observed indirectly using remote-sensing technology. In a paper published in the August 2016 issue of Physical Review Letters, PPPL physicists report that they created the phenomenon in a laboratory setting where they could measure it directly and confirm its existence on the electron scale, which describes the range of motion of electrons and how quickly they move. This research was funded both by the DOE’s Office of Science and NASA’s Heliophysics Division.

Plasmoid instabilities create magnetic bubbles within plasma, superhot gas whose atoms have separated into electrons and atomic nuclei. The magnetic bubbles then cause fast magnetic reconnection, when a plasma’s magnetic field lines break apart and join together again, releasing large amounts of energy. Before now, physicists at NASA and other institutions had only been able to directly confirm the existence of these instabilities in collisionless plasmas, like those surrounding Earth in the upper atmosphere, in which the plasma particles do not collide often.

Scientists had not been able to confirm the existence of plasmoid instabilities in collisional plasmas, in which the particles frequently collide, because such plasmas occur in outer space, far from Earth. Collisional plasmas like those on the surfaces of stars are so far away that scientists have difficulty measuring them directly. But physicists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and elsewhere had predicted their existence years ago.

Scientists have obtained, however, indirect evidence of plasmoid instabilities in outer space. Using telescopes and spectroscopes, as well as fusion facilities like PPPL’s former flagship device known as the National Spherical Torus Experiment (NSTX), which has since been upgraded, scientists took photographs and analyzed light that hinted at the existence of the instabilities. But without direct measurements, they were unable to confirm that the instabilities existed.

“These findings are significant because data gathered in past magnetic reconnection experiments involving collisionless plasma does not apply to the large, collisional plasmas found throughout space,” said Hantao Ji, a professor at Princeton University’s Department of Astrophysical Sciences, distinguished fellow at PPPL, and co-author of the paper. “Scientists have long had difficulty studying these plasmas because it’s hard to create the necessary conditions on Earth, and we can’t just stick probes directly into stars. Now we have a glimpse into their workings.”

During the research, lead author and graduate student Jonathan Jara-Almonte and the team used a PPPL device known as the Magnetic Reconnection Experiment (MRX). Unlike in past experiments, Jara-Almonte and his team used a plasma made out of argon atoms, rather than hydrogen, deuterium or helium. Using argon, they found, allowed them to produce conditions for collisional reconnection within the plasma more easily.

Along with confirming the existence of plasmoid instabilities in collisional plasmas undergoing reconnection, the research showed that instabilities can arise even when a plasma does not conduct electricity well, a condition known as having a low Lundquist number that scientists thought would hinder plasmoid development. This was a surprising finding, since scientists have long predicted that plasmoids would form only when a plasma conducts electricity well.

“The bigger picture is that these results raise some questions about plasmoid instability theory that haven’t been answered yet,” said Jara-Almonte. “The results raise questions about what is really happening in other systems.”

The MRX experiment also confirmed that plasmoids speed up the rate at which reconnection occurs — the first time the effect has been observed in a collisional environment. Understanding how fast reconnection occurs is important because it can affect Earth in dramatic ways. When reconnection happens on the surface of the sun, enormous blobs of plasma shoot into space and can collide with Earth’s magnetic field, creating geomagnetic storms that threaten communication satellites and electricity grids.

PPPL, on Princeton University’s Forrestal Campus in Plainsboro, N.J., is devoted to creating new knowledge about the physics of plasmas — ultra-hot, charged gases — and to developing practical solutions for the creation of fusion energy. The Laboratory is managed by the University for the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, which is the largest single supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States, and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time. For more information, please visit science.energy.gov.

Headline: 
PPPL physicists make first-ever direct observation of collisional plasmoid instability during magnetic reconnection in a laboratory setting

          My garden pump has fallen to bits.   

 SnipImage-{07159C92-CE0C-4155-9B4F-588FB7B51FCC}BlueStacks 3.7.12.1547 / Offline Rooted + MOD [Latest] appeared first on S0ft4PC.


          Nana Baakan Agyiriwah's blog post was featured   
Nana Baakan Agyiriwah's blog post was featured

The Hidden Sin (Did Slavery End in 1865?) (Video)

The Hidden Sin (Did Slavery End in 1865?) How many of you were taught that Slavery ended in 1865? How many of you have been told "Slavery was hundreds of years ago, you weren't a slave and it doesn't affect you so get over it!" Well after you watch this, you won't believe what you find out. One of the things that you will discover will blow you away!! Did you know that there were Black people held in Chattel Slavery all the way into 1942 in the United States? Well yes it TRUE and that's just the tip of the Iceberg. Prepare for a mind explosion. This is a story you have to see and you won't believe the evil that has been hidden from you.There are more links to resources below, but make sure you watch this video. This is TRULY #HiddenHistory_______________Neo-slavery in the American Southhttp://www.finalcall.com/…/National_News…/article_7151.shtmlRE-ENSLAVEDhttp://www.neh.gov/…/20…/special-edition/feature/re-enslavedPeonage, or the New Slaveryhttp://www.chesnuttarchive.org/works/Essays/peonage.htmlThe Shadow of Slavery: Peonage in the South, 1901–1969https://scholarworks.iu.edu/…/i…/imh/article/view/9694/13099Debt Slavery in America: The Forgotten History of Sharecroppinghttp://www.globalresearch.ca/debt-slavery-in-americ…/5356693Slavery Revisited: Peonage in the Southhttps://www.jstor.org/stable/274733…Peonage: Why it Thrived and How Some Escapedhttp://paramountshome.org/index.php…#TNEhistorySee More

              
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          BEYONCE': ACQUA AI BIMBI AFRICANI! VASCO DE MERDA, IMPARA!   

Beyoncé si è unita all’Unicef: acqua pulita ai bambini del Burundi

La partnership sosterrà programmi per migliorare l’acqua, la sanità e le pratiche igieniche di base nelle aree più difficili da raggiungere della nazione orientale africana. 
Beyoncé con l'Unicef
          拍手をもってオマヌケください   

チュース!

 

いやー(@ ̄□ ̄@;)!!もの凄い時代になったもんですなー(≧∇≦)

 

万が一の事あった時、自衛隊が お前たちを助けてやるんだから、私の応援する候補に投票しろ(-ω-)/

と、防衛大臣が都民を恫喝しましたがな(◎_◎;)

 

防衛相の、27日東京都板橋区内で開かれた、自民党都議選候補の、応援演説要旨。(朝日新聞より)

 

東京都ではテロ対策、災害、首都直下型地震も懸念される中、防衛省・自衛隊と東京都がしっかりと手を携えることが非常に重要だ。

地元の皆さまと国政をつなぐのは自民党の都議会の先生しかいない。(演説会場の)板橋区ではないが、隣の練馬区には自衛隊の師団もある。

何かあった時、自衛隊がしっかりと活躍出来るためには、地元の皆さまと都民の協力、都議会、都、国のしっかりした連携が重要だ。

下村(博文)先生との強いパイプもあり、自衛隊・防衛省とも連携のある○○候補をお願いしたい。防衛省、自衛隊、防衛大臣、自民党としてもお願いしたい。

 

                「稲田応援」の画像検索結果

 

この方、ホントに司法試験受かった方なんでしょうか(・・?

 

踊れないダンサーっているのかよ、と思うでしょうが、いるんっすよな、これが(・∀・)ウン!!

大抵「教え魔」って言われてます( ̄∇ ̄;)ハッハッハ

 

都連下村会長の弁護の言葉も凄いっすなー(◎_◎;)

 

            「下村会長都議選」の画像検索結果

 

漠としたイメージで言われたんだと思う。選挙の応援に来て、サービス的な発言という風に思われたんじゃないかなー、これで辞任となったら続けられる人は、誰もいなくなるんじゃないか

         「誤解」の画像検索結果  

    

都議選マイク納めは、安倍政権吉例秋葉原(/・ω・)/

もの凄い人数集まったそーです」(´・∀・`)ヘー

 

        

        「安倍総理が到着でございます!どうぞ皆さん、拍手をもってオマヌケください」

 

駅前を覆い尽くす政権 批判のプラカード、そしてものすごい音量の「安倍やめろ」の声──。安倍首相は本日16時から秋葉原駅前で行われた都議会選の応援演説に登壇したが、自民党候補の応援どころではなく、国民の激しい批判の声にさらされる結果となってしまった。

 

    関連画像

 

「安倍やめろ」コールは自民党陣営の演説スタートまもなくからはじまった。聴衆からは安倍政権を批判するさまざまなプラカードが掲げられ、「安倍やめろ」と書かれた大きな横断幕まで登場。それを自民党スタッフは「自民党青年局」の幟を並べることで隠そうとするなど必死。

 

結果はご存知の通り自民党惨敗(ノ∀`)アチャー

 

            「下村会長都議選」の画像検索結果

 

都議選惨敗🙅🙅原因を聞かれて、

 

本人は実際に自衛隊、防衛省にお願いするといった意味で言ったものではないと思いますが、誤解される発言であったことは間違いありません。稲田大臣もすぐ撤回されましたが、残念ながらその影響もあったと思います

 

ってなこと言ってます(⌒▽⌒)アハハ!

 

チャオ(^.^)/~~~またね~( ´Д`)ノ~バイバイお気軽にコメント、どぞっ_(._.)_

ブログランキングに参加しています(''ω'')ノぽちっとクリック、お願いします(-ω-)/


              
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