Φεύγει ο καύσωνας και έρχονται βροχές   

-Τρίτη μέρα γερού καύσωνα σε όλη τη χώρα αλλά από Δευτέρα ο καιρός θα αλλάξει κατά πολύ. 
-Δείτε πότε θα "δροσιστούμε". 
-Η θερμοκρασία αναλυτικά ανά περιοχή.
Για τρίτη μέρα σαρώνει τη χώρα ένας από τους χειρότερους καύσωνες των τελευταίων 15 ετών. Στην Αθήνα η θερμοκρασία άγγιξε το μεσημέρι τους 42 βαθμούς, ενώ στη Σπάρτη και το Ηράκλειο έφτασε στους 44. Την Κυριακή τόσο στην Αθήνα, όσο και στην υπόλοιπη Ελλάδα, η θερμοκρασία θα φτάσει τους 42 βαθμούς Κελσίου.
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Παρόλα αυτά, μένει να κάνουμε λίγη υπομονή ακόμη καθώς από Δευτέρα θα δροσίσει. Μάλιστα, από την Τρίτη και μετά θα έχουμε συννεφιά και πιθανότητα βροχής κατά τόπους.
Αναλυτικότερα η πρόβλεψη του καιρού για τις ερχόμενες ημέρες. Επιλέξτε κάτω από την πρόγνωση την περιοχή που θέλετε, για να δείτε αναλυτικά τι καιρό θα κάνει:

Δευτέρα

Καιρός: Στα βόρεια νεφώσεις παροδικά αυξημένες με σποραδικές βροχές και καταιγίδες κυρίως στην κεντρική, την ανατολική Μακεδονία και τη Θράκη. Εξασθένηση των φαινομένων από το απόγευμα και από τα δυτικά. Στα υπόλοιπα γενικά αίθριος με τοπικές νεφώσεις στα ηπειρωτικά τις μεσημβρινές και απογευματινές ώρες.
Άνεμοι: δυτικοί βορειοδυτικοί 4 με 6 και βαθμιαία από τα δυτικά τοπικά 7 μποφόρ.
Θερμοκρασία: σε σημαντική πτώση.

Τρίτη

Καιρός: Στα βόρεια λίγες νεφώσεις παροδικά αυξημένες με πιθανότητα τοπικών όμβρων. Στα υπόλοιπα γενικά αίθριος με τοπικές νεφώσεις στα ηπειρωτικά τις μεσημβρινές και απογευματινές ώρες.
Άνεμοι: από βόρειες διευθύνσεις 4 με 6 και στο Αιγαίο πρόσκαιρα τοπικά 7 μποφόρ.
Θερμοκρασία: σε περαιτέρω μικρή πτώση. Θα κυμανθεί σε κανονικά επίπεδα.

Τετάρτη

Καιρός: γενικά αίθριος. Τοπικές νεφώσεις στα ηπειρωτικά τις μεσημβρινές και απογευματινές ώρες με πιθανότητα μεμονωμένων όμβρων στα κεντρικά και βόρεια κυρίως ορεινά.
Άνεμοι: στα δυτικά μεταβλητοί ασθενείς και βαθμιαία δυτικοί 4 μποφόρ. Στα ανατολικά από βόρειες διευθύνσεις 4 με 6 και στο Αιγαίο τοπικά 7 μποφόρ.
Θερμοκρασία: χωρίς αξιόλογη μεταβολή.

          30 de zile cu Sfântul Matei – Ziua a cincea – Capitolul 15   
Ieri am avut răgazul să citesc capitolul 15 din evanghelia scrisă de Sfântul Apostol Matei. Încerc acum să punctez câteva repere care au rămas vii în suflet. Am avut ca ajutor și călăuză tâlcuirile Sfântului Teofilact (a trăit în Macedonia, la sfârșitul secolului al XI-lea). Geografic capitolul al XV-lea începe în Galileea, pe lângă Ghenizaret […]
          Bush urges independence for Kosovo   
By JENNIFER LOVEN, Associated Press Writer 6 minutes ago
TIRANA, Albania - President Bush, getting a hero's welcome as the first American president to visit this Balkan nation, said Sunday that there cannot be endless dialogue about achieving independence for neighboring Kosovo.


"Sooner rather than later you've got to say `Enough's enough. Kosovo's independent,'" Bush said during a news conference with the prime minister of this tiny, impoverished country.

Bush's press for statehood was aimed at Russia and others that object to Kosovo's independence. Standing alongside Prime Minister Sali Berisha, Bush said any extension of talks on Kosovo must have "certain independence" as the goal.

In response to Albania's push for NATO membership, Bush said additional political and military reforms were needed before that could be considered — something the country's leaders said they understood.

"We are determined to take any decision, pass any law and undertake any reform to make Albania appropriate to receive the invitation" to join the western military alliance, Berisha said.

When Bush arrived to begin his brief visit, the hills overlooking the capital boomed as military cannons fired a 21-gun salute, and thousands gathered in a downtown square on a brilliantly sunny day to see him and first lady Laura Bush.

Huge banners proclaimed "Proud to be Partners" and billboards said "President Bush in Albania Making History." Red-white-and-blue paper top hats with stars on top were passed out to well-wishers.

"It is a bright day today when in our land there came the greatest and most distinguished friend we have had in all our times, the president of the U.S.A., leader of the free world," Berisha said.

Albania also issued three postage stamps with Bush's picture and the Statue of Liberty, and renamed a street in front of parliament in his honor.

Bush said he was proud to be the first sitting American president to visit. "I love to come to countries that are working hard to establish institutions necessary for democracies to survive," he said.

The issue of independence for the Serbian province of Kosovo is another issue on which the U.S. and Russia disagree.

Russia, an ally of Serbia, contends independence for Kosovo would set a dangerous precedent for the world's other breakaway regions. Serbia also opposes statehood for Kosovo, which it sees as the heart of its historic homeland.

The U.S. and key European countries that support Kosovo independence are trying to narrow differences with Russia over the future of Kosovo, which has been administered by the U.N. since a 1999 war between Serb forces and ethnic Albanian rebels. The U.N. Security Council is divided over the issue.

Last month, the U.S. and European nations introduced a revised U.N. resolution supporting independence for Kosovo under international supervision, but it was immediately rejected by Russia — which hinted it would veto the measure.

The new draft addressed Russia's concern that Kosovo's multiethnic character is preserved, but left out Russia's main proposal for new negotiations between the province's majority ethnic Albanians, who demand independence, and its minority Serbs, who want to remain part of Serbia.

"I happen to believe it's important to push the process along," Bush said. "The time is now. ... Secretary (of State Condoleezza) Rice will be moving hard to see if we can't reach an agreement. If not, we're going to have to move. Independence is the goal."

Russia also opposes NATO's spread into eastern Europe, and is concerned about the prospect that its neighbors Ukraine and Georgia may be brought into the western military alliance.

Berisha said 93 percent of his country's people support NATO membership for Albania.

Bush said he commended Berisha on Albania's progress on reforming its defense forces and meeting performance-based standards required for membership. "I look forward to welcoming you sometime into NATO," he said.

But he said additional political and military reforms were needed, along with more progress in fighting organized crime and corruption. Berisha said he understood and is committed to making the changes.

"I said, 'We're committed to help you,'" Bush said.

In saluting Albania's democracy, Bush praised it as a country that has "cast off the shackles of a very oppressive society and is now showing the world what's possible."

During the visit, Bush met with Albanian President Alfred Moisiu and greeted troops who have served in Iraq and Afghanistan. Albania recently decided to triple its deployment in Afghanistan to 140 troops. It also has about 120 troops in Iraq — a presence that Moisiu says will not end as long as Americans are engaged there.

Bush also had lunch with the prime ministers of Albania, Macedonia and Croatia, which hope to join NATO next year.
          EU urges Serbia to cooperate with U.N. effort to resolve status for Kosovo   
The European Union urged Serbia on Wednesday to "take a constructive approach" in negotiating the future of its breakaway Kosovo province and said it must cooperate with the U.N.'s war crimes tribunal if it wants closer ties with the EU.Serbia and its Balkan neighbors must also do more to tackle corruption and step up political and reforms needed to prepare them for eventual EU membership, according to the EU's annual progress reports on the prospects of would-be EU members."I trust that Serbian citizens as well as political leaders now focus less on the nationalist past and more on the European future, that's best for Serbia, that's best for the western Balkans," EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn told reporters after the release of the EU reports."On Kosovo, we expect Serbia to take a constructive approach," he added.The EU's report on Serbia reiterated that steps toward eventual membership were suspended until Serbia proves it is fully cooperating with the U.N. war crimes tribunal and hands over top war crimes suspect Gen. Ratko Mladic.The report said the EU was also concerned over Serbia's new constitution, warning it did not fully guarantee judges' independence. It also called on Belgrade to intensify its fight against corruption and ensure full civilian control over its armed forces.On Kosovo, the EU report acknowledged that the focus on the sensitive status negotiations led by the U.N. "has delayed significant reform efforts."It said the province's administration "remains weak, affecting the rule of law," adding that judicial bodies there have made "little progress" in civil and criminal justice.Separate reports were also released on Croatia, Bosnia, Montenegro, Macedonia and Albania.On Croatia already opened entry talks with the EU last year and hopes to join in 2009. However, the report said there was "considerable scope" for improving the nation's judicial system and its fight against corruption. It also called on Zagreb to ensure better protection of minorities and to solve its border dispute with EU member Slovenia.Croatia's President Stipe Mesic said the critical report on his country showed it had to follow through on reforms. "It is easy to pass the laws, but it is much harder to implement them," he said in Zagreb. "It all depends on us."The EU warned Macedonia over its problems with corruption. It said reforms must go faster, if wants to get a starting date for membership talks.
          Macedonia   
Fútbol, el Orgullo, el Tour, un sábado muy movido en la televisión
          I monumenti più strani, il Makedonium di Kruševo in Macedonia   
Gli interni del Makedonium. La rivolta di Ilinden–Preobrazhenie dell'agosto del 1903, ricorda la sollevazione delle comunità montante a cavallo tra la Bulgaria e l'attuale Macedonia, contro i...
          I monasteri del canyon di Matka in Macedonia   
Le frontiere si aprono, i collegamenti si fanno sempre più facili, e destinazioni, un tempo esotiche perché difficilmente raggiungibili (almeno per noi turisti normali), si aggiungono al ventaglio...
          La statua di Alessandro Magno a Skopje in Video   
La statua di Alessandro Magno, in sella al mitico Bucefalo, è stata installata ieri nella piazza principale di Skopje, la capitale della Macedonia. La statua in bronzo, realizzata in Italia, alta...
          Da Treviso in Macedonia con la Wizz Air   
Wizz Air collegherà Skopje, la capitale della Macedonia (o Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia per non dar adito alla polemica sul nome con la Grecia), con l'aeroporto di Treviso Sant'Angelo.Il...
          Tra bizantini ed ottomani, a Skopje in Macedonia   
Skopje, torre di avvistamento ai confini dell'antico regno macedone, crocevia di genti, sospesa tra la Mezzaluna e la Croce, sta vivendo un forte risveglio economico e turistico, tanto che la CNN gli...
          Verso mete insolite: la Macedonia   
Stanchi delle solite mete, dei soliti Caraibi, del solito resort in Mar Rosso? Ecco allora una meta insolita a cui dedicare qualche giorno delle prossime vacanze, sicuri di ottenere l'attenzione dei...
          Global Spirit Market to 2021 Market Report; Launched via MarketResearchReports.com   

Market Research Reports, Inc. has announced the addition of “Global Spirit Market to 2021” research report to their website www.MarketResearchReports.com

Lewes, DE -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/29/2017 -- This publication enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for spirits. The publication provides the market size, growth and forecasts at the global level as well as for the following countries:

Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canada, China, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Norway, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Senegal, Slovakia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam

The market data covers the years 2010-2021. The major questions answered in this comprehensive publication include:
What is the global market size for spirits?
What is the spirit market size in different countries around the world?
Are the markets growing or decreasing?
How are the markets divided into different kinds of products?
How are different product groups developing?
How are the markets forecast to develop in the future?

The market information includes the total market size for spirits as well as the market size and trends for the following kinds of products:
Gin
Liqueurs
Rum
Vodka
Whiskies
Other spirits

The publication is designed for companies who want to gain a comprehensive perspective on the global spirit market. This publication makes it easy to compare across different countries and product groups to be able to find new market opportunities and make more profitable business decisions.

Please visit this link for more details: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-spirit-market-2021

For related reports please visit: Spirit Market Research Reports

Find all Alcoholic Beverages Reports at: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/alcoholic-beverages

About Market Research Reports, Inc.
Market Research Reports® Inc. is world's largest store offering quality market research, SWOT analysis, competitive intelligence and industry reports. We help Fortune 500 to Start-Ups with the latest market research reports on global & regional markets which comprise key industries, leading market players, new products and latest industry analysis & trends.

Contact us for your market research requirements: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/contact

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/global-spirit-market-to-2021-market-report-launched-via-marketresearchreportscom-826650.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sudeep Chakravarty
Director - Operations
Market Research Reports, Inc.
Telephone: 1-302-703-9904
Email: Click to Email Sudeep Chakravarty
Web: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-spirit-market-2021


          Global Sanitary and Household Paper Market to 2021 Market Report; Launched via MarketResearchReports.com   

Market Research Reports, Inc. has announced the addition of “Global Sanitary and Household Paper Market to 2021” research report to their website www.MarketResearchReports.com

Lewes, DE -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/29/2017 -- This publication enables readers the critical perspectives to be able to evaluate the world market for sanitary and household paper. The publication provides the market size, growth and forecasts at the global level as well as for the following countries:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malawi, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam, Yemen

The market data covers the years 2010-2021. The major questions answered in this comprehensive publication include:
What is the global market size for sanitary and household paper?
What is the sanitary and household paper market size in different countries around the world?
Are the markets growing or decreasing?
How are the markets divided into different kinds of products?
How are different product groups developing?
How are the markets forecast to develop in the future?

The market information includes the total market size for sanitary and household paper as well as the market size and trends for the following kinds of products:
Tampons, diapers and other sanitary paper
Paper tissues and handkerchiefs
Paper tablecloths and serviettes
Toilet paper
Other sanitary and household paper

The publication is designed for companies who want to gain a comprehensive perspective on the global sanitary and household paper market. This publication makes it easy to compare across different countries and product groups to be able to find new market opportunities and make more profitable business decisions.

Please visit this link for more details: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-2021

Find all Consumer and Retail Reports at: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/consumer-retail

Related Report;

Global Wallpaper Market to 2021 - Visit at - http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-wallpaper-market-2021

About Market Research Reports, Inc.
Market Research Reports® Inc. is world's largest store offering quality market research, SWOT analysis, competitive intelligence and industry reports. We help Fortune 500 to Start-Ups with the latest market research reports on global & regional markets which comprise key industries, leading market players, new products and latest industry analysis & trends.

Contact us for your market research requirements: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/contact

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-to-2021-market-report-launched-via-marketresearchreportscom-826645.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sudeep Chakravarty
Director - Operations
Market Research Reports, Inc.
Telephone: 1-302-703-9904
Email: Click to Email Sudeep Chakravarty
Web: http://www.marketresearchreports.com/marketsizeinfo/global-sanitary-and-household-paper-market-2021


          Terminos Informaticos   
1- ¿Qué es Software?
Bajo esta definición, el concepto de software va más allá de los programas de cómputo en sus distintos estados: código fuente, binario o ejecutable; también su documentación, datos a procesar e información de usuario es parte del software: es decir, abarca todo lo intangible, todo lo “no físico” relacionado.
El término «software» fue usado por primera vez en este sentido por John W. Tukey en 1957. En las ciencias de la computación y la ingeniería de software, el software es toda la información procesada por los sistemas informáticos: programas y datos. El concepto de leer diferentes secuencias de instrucciones desde la memoria de un dispositivo para controlar los cálculos fue introducido por Charles Babbage como parte de su máquina diferencial. La teoría que forma la base de la mayor parte del software moderno fue propuesta por vez primera por Alan Turing en su ensayo de 1936, “Los números computables”, con una aplicación al problema de decisión.
2- Diferencias entre Programa y Software.
Programa es una secuencia de instrucciones que se le da a una computadora para que haga determinadas cosas, hay programas que van desde lo más simple hasta los muy complejos, un programa que te pregunte tu nombre y te dé una respuesta ya se puede considerar como programa. Y software es aquello que es intangible, lo que no puedes tocar, es la parte lógica de un programa, entre el software están videos, imágenes, sonidos, textos, bases de datos, etc.
3- Evolución del Programa.
Los programas de computación nacen en 1950 junto con el diseño de las primeras computadoras y estaban escritos en lenguaje de máquina. Es decir, estaban formados por una sucesión de instrucciones, cada una de las cuales era un grupo de 1’s y 0’s. El usuario codificaba estos 1’s y 0’s directamente usando interruptores pare codificar cada instrucción. Posteriormente, fue creada la primera máquina que habría de funcionar con un programa almacenado en 1943. Esta máquina recibió el nombre de EDSAC y fue fabricada en la Universidad de Cambridge. Sus autores Wilker, Wheeler y Gill fueron también los primeros en elaborar un texto de programación. Los programas almacenados diferían de los anteriores en que la sucesión de instrucciones se codificaban en una cinta de papel mediante perforaciones. La cinta era leída por la computadora y de esta manera si el usuario deseaba ejecutar el programa una segunda vez, no tenia que codificarla nuevamente, sino que solo alimentaba la cinta.
El codificar en lenguaje de maquina resultaba difícil para el usuario; así que se comenzaron a desarrollar programas en lenguaje de máquina que interpretaban instrucciones inteligibles pare la mayoría de los usuarios y que eran traducidos a lenguajes de máquina. A este tipo de programas se les denomino lenguajes de “alto nivel”, mismos que subsisten hasta la fecha.
En 1951, surge la primera computadora disponible comercialmente a gran escala, la UNIVAC I, la cual estaba diseñada para ser fácilmente programada en su propio código. Era una maquina decimal alfanumérica con instrucciones mnemónicas fáciles de recordar y utilizar. La aparición de las computadoras en el ámbito comercial es crucial en la historia de los lenguajes, ya que entonces se vuelve importante la facilidad de programación y la posibilidad de transportar programas. A partir de aquí comienzan a surgir una serie de lenguajes de programación cada vez más lejanos al lenguaje de máquina y más cercanos al usuario.
Por ejemplo, la UNIVAC I de 1951 tiene los lenguajes AT3 y B-0 que tuvieron gran influencia en el diseño de otros lenguajes de maquina más avanzados como son el FORTRAN y el COBOL respectivamente, ambos de difusión mundial.
En la segunda mitad de la década de los 50’s y basados en las ideas de los lenguajes anteriores, surge con gran rapidez la primera generación de lenguajes de “alto nivel”, mismos que siguen vigentes veinticinco años después. Dichos lenguajes son:
1. FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslating) resultado de un proyecto encabezado por John Backus y que llevo 25 años hombre esfuerzo. Se utiliza principalmente pare resolver problemas científicos y técnicos. En ocasiones, sin embargo, se emplea en aplicaciones comerciales.
2. ALGOL (ALGOrithmic Language; lenguaje algorítmico) se desarrollo con el propósito de contaron un lenguaje común pare diversas computadoras. Este lenguaje se parece al FORTRAN y es de aplicación particular en los problemas matemáticos y numéricos, Este lenguaje es popular en las universidades, y en la actualidad es utilizado en los Estados Unidos pare fines pedagógicos y la comunicación de algoritmos.
3. COBOL (COmmon Business Oriented Language) el propósito de este lenguaje es el de contar con un lenguaje que resultara común pare las diversas computadoras en el mercado para el procesamiento de información comercial. Es un lenguaje que se utiliza principalmente para la programación de problemas de proceso de datos comerciales, por su naturaleza descriptiva y su adaptabilidad pare resolver los problemas de proceso de ficheros que entraña el proceso de datos comerciales.

4- Lenguaje Maquina.
Los circuitos microprogramables son sistemas digitales, lo que significa que trabajan con dos únicos niveles de tensión. Dichos niveles, por abstracción, se simbolizan con el cero, 0, y el uno, 1, por eso el lenguaje de máquina sólo utiliza dichos signos. Esto permite el empleo de las teorías del álgebra booleana y del sistema binario en el diseño de este tipo de circuitos y en su programación.
Una visión típica de la arquitectura de computadores como una serie de capas de abstracción: hardware, firmware, ensamblador, kernel, sistema operativo y aplicaciones
Claude Elwood Shannon, en su Analysis of Relay and Switching Circuits, y con sus experiencias en redes de conmutación, sentó las bases para la aplicación del álgebra de Boole a las redes de conmutación.
Una red de conmutación es un circuito de interruptores eléctricos que al cumplir ciertas combinaciones booleanas con las variables de entrada, define el estado de la salida. Este concepto es el núcleo de las puertas lógicas, las cuales son, por su parte, los ladrillos con que se construyen sistemas lógicos cada vez más complejos.
Shannon utilizaba el relé como dispositivo físico de conmutación en sus redes. El relé, a igual que una lámpara eléctrica, posee dos estados: 1 ó 0, esto es, está activado, encendida, o está desactivado, apagada.
5- Lenguaje Ensamblador.
El lenguaje ensamblador es un tipo de lenguaje de bajo nivel utilizado para escribir programas informáticos, y constituye la representación más directa del código máquina específico para cada arquitectura de computadoras legible por un programador.
Fue usado ampliamente en el pasado para el desarrollo de software, pero actualmente sólo se utiliza en contadas ocasiones, especialmente cuando se requiere la manipulación directa del hardware o se pretenden rendimientos inusuales de los equipos.
6- Lenguaje de Programación.
Un lenguaje de programación es un lenguaje que puede ser utilizado para controlar el comportamiento de una máquina, particularmente una computadora. Consiste en un conjunto de símbolos y reglas sintácticas y semánticas que definen su estructura y el significado de sus elementos y expresiones.
Aunque muchas veces se usa lenguaje de programación y lenguaje informático como si fuesen sinónimos, no tiene por qué ser así, ya que los lenguajes informáticos engloban a los lenguajes de programación y a otros más, como, por ejemplo, el HTML (lenguaje para el marcado de páginas web).
Un lenguaje de programación permite a uno o más programadores especificar de manera precisa: sobre qué datos una computadora debe operar, cómo deben ser estos almacenados, transmitidos y qué acciones debe tomar bajo una variada gama de circunstancias. Todo esto, a través de un lenguaje que intenta estar relativamente próximo al lenguaje humano o natural, tal como sucede con el lenguaje Léxico. Una característica relevante de los lenguajes de programación es precisamente que más de un programador puedan tener un conjunto común de instrucciones que puedan ser comprendidas entre ellos para realizar la construcción del programa de forma colaborativa.

7- Herramientas de Programación.
Las herramientas de programación, son aquellas que permiten realizar aplicativos, programas, rutinas, utilitarios y sistemas para que la parte física del computador u ordenador, funcione y pueda producir resultados.
Hoy día existen múltiples herramientas de programación en el mercado, tanto para analistas expertos como para analistas inexpertos.
8- Lenguaje Orientado a Objetos.
Se le llama así a cualquier lenguaje de programación que implemente los conceptos definidos por la programación orientada a objetos.
Cabe notar que los conceptos definidos en la programación orientada a objetos no son una condición sino que son para definir que un lenguaje es orientado a objetos. Existen conceptos que pueden estar ausentes en un lenguaje dado y sin embargo, no invalidar su definición como lenguaje orientado a objetos.
Quizás las condiciones mínimas necesarias las provee el formalismo que modeliza mejor las propiedades de un sistema orientado a objetos: los tipos de datos abstractos.
9- Encapsulación.
En programación modular, y más específicamente en programación orientada a objetos, se denomina encapsulamiento al ocultamiento del estado, es decir, de los datos miembro, de un objeto de manera que sólo se puede cambiar mediante las operaciones definidas para ese objeto.
Cada objeto está aislado del exterior, es un módulo natural, y la aplicación entera se reduce a un agregado o rompecabezas de objetos. El aislamiento protege a los datos asociados a un objeto contra su modificación por quien no tenga derecho a acceder a ellos, eliminando efectos secundarios e interacciones.
De esta forma el usuario de la clase puede obviar la implementación de los métodos y propiedades para concentrarse sólo en cómo usarlos. Por otro lado se evita que el usuario pueda cambiar su estado de maneras imprevistas e incontroladas.


10- Análisis y Diseño Orientado a Objetos.
Análisis y diseño orientado a objetos (ADOO) es un enfoque de la ingeniería de software que modela un sistema como un grupo de objetos que interactúan entre sí. Este enfoque representa un dominio en términos de conceptos compuestos por verbos y sustantivos, clasificados de acuerdo a su dependencia funcional.
En éste método de análisis y diseño se crea un conjunto de modelos utilizando una notación acordada como, por ejemplo, el lenguaje únificado de modelado (UML). ADOO aplica técnicas de modelado de objetos para analizar los requerimientos para un contexto - por ejemplo, un sistema de negocio, un conjunto de módulos de software - y para diseñar una solución para mejorar los procesos involucrados. No está restringido al diseño de programas de computadora, sino que cubre sistemas enteros de distinto tipo. Las metodologías de análisis y diseño más modernas son casos de uso guiados a través de requerimientos, diseño, implementación, pruebas, y despliegue.
El lenguaje unificado de modelado se ha vuelto el lenguaje de modelado estándar usado en análisis y diseño orientado a objetos.
11- Interfaz del Usuario.
La interfaz de usuario es la forma en que los usuarios pueden comunicarse con una computadora, y comprende todos los puntos de contacto entre el usuario y el equipo. Sus principales funciones son:
Manipulación de archivos y directorios
Herramientas de desarrollo de aplicaciones
Comunicación con otros sistemas
Información de estado
Configuración de la propia interfaz y entorno
Intercambio de datos entre aplicaciones
Control de acceso
Sistema de ayuda interactivo.
12- Lenguaje Poliformico.
El polimorfismo es la presencia de dos o más variantes heredables para una misma característica que coexisten dentro de una población. Esta característica puede ser apreciable tanto a nivel morfológico, como el número de cerdas en Drosophila melanogaster (mosca común de la fruta), como a nivel molecular, tal es el caso de las alozimas.
13- Polimorfismo.
Polimorfismo es la presencia de dos o más variantes heredables para una misma característica que coexisten dentro de una población. Esta característica puede ser apreciable tanto a nivel morfológico, como el número de cerdas en Drosophila melanogaster (mosca común de la fruta), como a nivel molecular, tal es el caso de las alozimas.
14- Gestión de Proyectos Orientados a Objetos.
Las técnicas modernas de gestión de proyectos de software se pueden dividir e as siguientes actividades:
• Establecimiento de un marco de proceso común para el proyecto.
• Uso del marco y de métricas históricas.
• Especificación de productos de trabajo y avances.
• Definición de puntos de comprobación.
• Gestión de los cambios que ocurren invariablemente.
• Seguimiento.
Para aplicar estas actividades hay que tomar en cuenta que todas hay que enfocarlas usando un modelo propio.
Marco de proceso común para OO. (Orientado a objeto)
Este tópico define un enfoque organizativo para el desarrollo y mantenimiento del software. Identifica el paradigma de Ing. De software aplicado para construir y mantener software. Tiene la cualidad de ser adaptable, de forma que cumpla con las necesidades individuales del equipo de proyecto.
Para el desarrollo de proyectos de esta naturaleza no se pueden aplicar modelos lineales (ciclo de vida), sino que es necesario aplicar un modelo que contemple un desarrollo iterativo. Iterativo significa que el software evolucione a través de un número de ciclos. El software OO debe ser evolutivo por naturaleza. Existen autores que sugieren un modelo recursivo/paralelo para el desarrollo orientado a objeto.
15- Productividad de Programación.
La productividad de programación se refiera al rendimiento de un programador en un proyecto de programación, este tipo de productividad se mide por las horas que el programador aplica a la programación del proyecto, comparado por la evolución del programa en sí.
16- Tiempo de Programación.
El tiempo de desarrollo del proyecto es indefinido, puede mantenerse durante el período que se considere necesario, la ventaja que tiene es que se pueden involucrar distintas comunidades donantes y receptoras, el objetivo inicial sería lograr la capacitación de los mediadores en los aspectos técnicos necesarios para llegar a una instalación de computadores con software Libre.
17- Cantidad de Código.
Es la medición del tamaño en líneas de código, generalmente se utiliza en programación lineal y en lenguajes de programación antiguos.
18- Protocolo.
Protocolo de red o también Protocolo de Comunicación es el conjunto de reglas que especifican el intercambio de datos u órdenes durante la comunicación entre las entidades que forman parte de una red.

19- ¿Quién es George Boole?
George Boole, (2 de noviembre de 1815 - 8 de diciembre de 1864) fue un matemático y filósofo irlandés.
Como inventor del álgebra de Boole, la base de la aritmética computacional moderna, Boole es considerado como uno de los fundadores del campo de las Ciencias de la Computación. En 1854 publicó “An Investigation of the Laws of Thought” en él desarrollaba un sistema de reglas que le permitía expresar, manipular y simplificar, problemas lógicos y filosóficos cuyos argumentos admiten dos estados (verdadero o falso) por procedimientos matemáticos.
20- ¿Quién es Norbert Wiener?
Norbert Wiener (26 de noviembre de 1894, Columbia, Missouri - 18 de marzo de 1964, Estocolmo, Suecia) fue un matemático estadounidense, conocido como el fundador de la cibernética. Acuñó el término en su libro Cibernética o el control y comunicación en animales y máquinas, publicado en 1948.
Su padre, Leo Wiener, fue profesor en lenguas eslavas en la Universidad de Harvard. Norbert se educó en casa hasta los siete años, edad a la que empezó a asistir al colegio, pero durante poco tiempo. Siguió con sus estudios en casa hasta que volvió al colegio en 1903, graduándose en el instituto de Ayer en 1906.
En septiembre de 1906, a la edad de once años, ingresó en la Universidad Tufts para estudiar matemáticas. Se licenció en 1909 y entró en Harvard. En Harvard estudió zoología, pero en 1910 se trasladó a la Universidad de Cornell para empezar estudios superiores en filosofía. Volvió a Harvard al año siguiente para continuar sus estudios de filosofía. Wiener obtuvo el doctorado por Harvard en 1912 con una tesis que versaba sobre lógica matemática.
21- API
Una API (del inglés Application Programming Interface - Interfaz de Programación de Aplicaciones) es el conjunto de funciones y procedimientos (o métodos si se refiere a programación orientada a objetos) que ofrece cierta biblioteca para ser utilizado por otro software como una capa de abstracción.
22- Aristóteles
Aristóteles (en griego clásico Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs; Estagira, Macedonia 384 a. C. – Calcis Eubea, Grecia 322 a. C.) es uno de los más grandes filósofos de la antigüedad y acaso de la historia de la filosofía occidental. Fue precursor de la anatomía y la biología y un creador de la taxonomía.

23- Lógica
La Lógica es un término que deriva del griego “Λογικός” (logikê-logikós), que a su vez es “λόγος” (logos), que significa razón.1
Se considera que Aristóteles fue el que fundó la Lógica como Propedéutica, herramienta básica para todas las Ciencias.2
La Lógica es una ciencia formal. Esto quiere decir que no tiene contenido, porque estudia las formas válidas de inferencia.3
La lógica tradicional se basaba en el silogismo como razonamiento basado en el juicio categórico aristotélico. Hoy día la lógica utiliza como unidad básica la proposición y las reglas de inferencia en la argumentación discursiva.4
24- Lógica de Aristóteles.
Como su nombre lo indica, el padre de la lógica aristotélica es el filosofo griego Aristóteles; primer pensador en formalizar el sistema lógico de tan acertada manera que sus propuestas han trascendido hasta nuestros días. Aristóteles planteó sus ideas en varias obras, para difundir su conocimiento sobre las leyes del razonamiento, argumentando que estas eran vitales para adentrarse en el mundo de la filosofía.
La lógica aristotélica supone que la mente reproduce sólo la realidad, la existencia de las cosas tal y como son, por ello es una ciencia objetiva que se dedica a estudiar conceptos, desglosándolos en predicables y predicamentos. La lógica analiza juicios y formas de razonamiento y su manera de expresar resultados es el silogismo o razonamiento deductivo categórico. Concepto: Este representa un objeto en la mente del hombre de manera que no pueda ser afectado por los sentidos, la memoria o la mente. Un concepto tiene comprensión (características del objeto) y extensión (hace alusión la cantidad de sujetos a los que el concepto puede aplicarse). Cucharón (siglo III d.c.), en los que se clasifican los conceptos estableciendo entre ellos una relación de jerarquía y subordinación, de mayor a menor extensión.
La que es conocida como lógica clásica (o tradicional) fue enunciada primeramente por Aristóteles, quien elaboró leyes para un correcto razonamiento silogístico. Un silogismo es una proposición hecha de una de estas cuatro afirmaciones posibles: “Todo A es B” (universal afirmativo), “Nada de A es B” (universal negativo), “Algo de A es B” (particular afirmativo) o “Algo de A no es B” (particular negativo). Las letras sustituyen a palabras comunes como “perro”, “animal de cuatro patas” o ‘cosa viviente’, llamadas “términos” del silogismo. Un silogismo bien formulado consta de dos premisas y una conclusión, debiendo tener cada premisa un término en común con la conclusión y un segundo término relacionado con la otra premisa. En lógica clásica se formulan reglas por las que todos los silogismos bien construidos se identifican como formas válidas o no válidas de argumentación.
25- Lógica Difusa
La lógica borrosa o difusa se basa en lo relativo de lo observado. Este tipo de lógica toma dos valores aleatorios, pero contextualizados y referidos entre sí. Así, por ejemplo, una persona que mida 2 metros es claramente una persona alta, si previamente se ha tomado el valor de persona baja y se ha establecido en 1 metro. Ambos valores están contextualizados a personas y referidos a una medida métrica lineal.
26- OLAP
OLAP es el acrónimo en inglés de procesamiento analítico en línea (On-Line Analytical Processing). Es una solución utilizada en el campo de la llamada Inteligencia empresarial (o Business Intelligence) cuyo objetivo es agilizar la consulta de grandes cantidades de datos. Para ello utiliza estructuras multidimensionales (o Cubos OLAP) que contienen datos resumidos de grandes Bases de Datos o Sistemas Transaccionales (OLTP). Se usa en informes de negocios de ventas, marketing, informes de dirección, minería de datos y áreas similares.
La razón de usar OLAP para las consultas es la velocidad de respuesta. Una base de datos relacional almacena entidades en tablas discretas si han sido normalizadas. Esta estructura es buena en un sistema OLTP pero para las complejas consultas multitabla es relativamente lenta. Un modelo mejor para búsquedas, aunque peor desde el punto de vista operativo, es una base de datos multidimensional.
La principal característica que potencia a OLAP, es que es lo más rápido a la hora de ejecutar sentencias SQL de tipo SELECT, en contraposición con OLTP que es la mejor opción para operaciones de tipo INSERT, UPDATE Y DELETE.
27- Trivial
En matemática, el término trivial se usa frecuentemente para los objetos (por ejemplo, cuerpos o espacios topológicos) que tienen una estructura muy simple. Para los no matemáticos, son a veces más difíciles de visualizar o entender que otros objetos más complicados.
Algunos ejemplos incluyen:
conjunto vacío - el conjunto que no contiene elementos
grupo trivial - el grupo matemático que contiene solo el elemento identidad
También, trivial se refiere a soluciones (a una ecuación) que tienen una estructura muy simple, pero que por completitud no pueden ser ignoradas. Estas soluciones se denominan soluciones triviales. Por ejemplo, considérese la ecuación diferencial.


28- Digital
Se dice que una señal es digital cuando las magnitudes de la misma se representan a través de valores discretos en lugar de variables continuas. Por ejemplo, el interruptor de la luz sólo puede tomar dos valores o estados: abierto o cerrado, o la misma lámpara: encendida o apagada (véase circuito de conmutación).
Los sistemas digitales, como por ejemplo el ordenador, usan lógica de dos estados representados por dos niveles de tensión eléctrica, uno alto, H y otro bajo, L (de High y Low, respectivamente, en inglés). Por abstracción, dichos estados se sustituyen por ceros y unos, lo que facilita la aplicación de la lógica y la aritmética binaria. Si el nivel alto se representa por 1 y el bajo por 0, se habla de lógica positiva y en caso contrario de lógica negativa.
Cabe mencionar que además de los niveles, en una señal digital están las transiciones de alto a bajo o de bajo a alto, denominadas flanco de subida o de bajada, respectivamente. En la siguiente figura se muestra una señal digital donde se identifican los niveles y los flancos.

Señal digital: 1) Nivel bajo, 2) Nivel alto, 3) Flanco de subida y 4) Flanco de bajada.
Es conveniente aclarar que, a pesar de que en los ejemplos señalados el término digital se ha relacionado siempre con dispositivos binarios, no significa que digital y binario sean términos intercambiables. Por ejemplo, si nos fijamos en el código Morse, veremos que en él se utilizan, para el envío de mensajes por telégrafo eléctrico, cinco estados digitales que son:
punto, raya, espacio corto (entre letras), espacio medio (entre palabras) y espacio largo (entre frases)
Referido a un aparato o instrumento de medida, decimos que es digital cuando el resultado de la medida se representa en un visualizador mediante números (dígitos) en lugar de hacerlo mediante la posición de una aguja, o cualquier otro indicador, en una escala
29- Análogo
Se refiere a las magnitudes o valores que varían con el tiempo en forma continua (distancia, temperatura, velocidad, voltaje, frecuencia, amplitud, etc.) y pueden representarse en forma de ondas.
Las computadoras emplean lo digital y, por lo tanto, si entra información analógica, se debe convertir; este es el caso de la conexión a Internet por Dial up, donde un módem convierte la señal analógica (el sonido) en digital.
30- Neurona.
La neurona es uno de los tipos de las células nerviosas que se encuentran por todo el cuerpo; son el elemento fundamental de la estructura del sistema nervioso. Son células excitables especializadas en la recepción de estímulos y conducción del impulso nervioso. Una neurona está formada por un cuerpo celular y diferentes prolongaciones. Está encargada principalmente de trasmitir el flujo nervioso. Un cerebro humano contiene aproximadamente 100.000 millones1 de neuronas (1011). Las neuronas se hallan en el encéfalo, la médula espinal y los ganglios nerviosos; forman una red de contacto en todo el cuerpo. Se unen entre ellas a través de una unión discontinua llamada sinapsis. Si dicha sinapsis ocurre por contacto físico se trata de una sinapsis eléctrica, y si es a través de una hendidura, se le llama sinapsis química.
31- Claude Elwood Slawnon
Claude Elwood Shannon (30 de abril de 1916, Michigan - 24 de febrero de 2001), ingeniero eléctrico y matemático, recordado como “el padre de la teoría de la información”.
32- Algebra Booleana.
Álgebra de Boole (también llamada Retículas booleanas) en informática y matemática, son estructuras algebraicas que rigorizan las operaciones lógicas Y, O y NO, así como el conjunto de operaciones unión, intersección y complemento.
Se denomina así en honor a George Boole, matemático inglés que fue el primero en definirla como parte de un sistema lógico a mediados del siglo XIX. Específicamente, el álgebra de Boole fue un intento de utilizar las técnicas algebraicas para tratar expresiones de la lógica proposicional. En la actualidad, el álgebra de Boole se aplica de forma generalizada en el ámbito del diseño electrónico. Claude Shannon fue el primero en aplicarla en el diseño de circuitos de conmutación eléctrica biestables, en 1938.
33- Lenguaje de Alto Nivel
Los lenguajes de programación de alto nivel se caracterizan por expresar los algoritmos de una manera adecuada a la capacidad cognitiva humana, en lugar de a la capacidad ejecutora de las máquinas. En los primeros lenguajes de alto nivel la limitación era que se orientaban a un área específica y sus instrucciones requerían de una sintaxis predefinida. Se clasifican como lenguajes procedimentales. Otra limitación de los lenguajes de alto nivel es que se requiere de ciertos conocimientos de programación para realizar las secuencias de instrucciones lógicas. Los lenguajes de muy alto nivel se crearon para que el usuario común pudiese solucionar tal problema de procesamiento de datos de una manera más fácil y rápida.
La programación en un lenguaje de bajo nivel como el lenguaje de la máquina o el lenguaje simbólico tiene ciertas ventajas:
Mayor adaptación al equipo.
Posibilidad de obtener la máxima velocidad con mínimo uso de memoria.
Pero también tiene importantes inconvenientes:
Imposibilidad de escribir código independiente de la máquina.
Mayor dificultad en la programación y en la comprensión de los programas.
Por esta razón, a finales de los años 1950 surgió un nuevo tipo de lenguajes de programación que evitaba estos inconvenientes, a costa de ceder un poco en las ventajas. Estos lenguajes se llaman “de tercera generación” o “de alto nivel”, en contraposición a los “de bajo nivel” o “de nivel próximo a la máquina”.
34- Lenguaje de Bajo Nivel.
Un lenguaje de programación de bajo nivel es el que proporciona poca o ninguna abstracción del microprocesador de un ordenador. Consecuentemente es fácilmente trasladado a lenguaje de máquina.
La palabra “bajo” no implica que el lenguaje sea inferior a un lenguaje de alto nivel; se refiere a la reducida abstracción entre el lenguaje y el hardware.
35- Ciencia Real
Una prueba segura de cualquier afirmación verdaderamente científica es su capacidad de predecir el futuro: de decir qué sucederá bajo circunstancias dadas. Cuando se la somete a medidas válidas y objetivas de predicción, la pseudociencia no obtiene mejores resultados que la mera adivinación, en contraste con la ciencia real. Piense en la historia tal como la predijo la astrología, comparada con la gravedad y la certeza experimental y verificable de la ley del cuadrado inverso.
36- Ciencia Fisión
La ciencia ficción (también fue conocida en su origen como literatura de anticipación) es la denominación popular con que se conoce a uno de los géneros derivados de la literatura de ficción (junto con la literatura fantástica y la narrativa de terror). Nacida como subgénero literario distinguido en la década de 1920 (aunque hay obras reconocibles muy anteriores) y exportada posteriormente a otros medios, el más notable de ellos el cinematográfico, gozó de un gran auge en la segunda mitad del siglo XX debido al interés popular acerca del futuro que despertó el espectacular avance tanto científico como tecnológico alcanzado durante esos años.
Entre los estudiosos del género no se ha podido llegar a un consenso amplio sobre una definición formal, siendo éste un tema de gran controversia. En general se considera ciencia ficción a los cuentos o historias que versan sobre el impacto que producen los avances científicos, tecnológicos, sociales o culturales, presentes o futuros, sobre la sociedad o los individuos.
37- Inteligencia Artificial
Se denomina inteligencia artificial a la rama de la informática que desarrolla procesos que imitan a la inteligencia de los seres vivos. La principal aplicación de esta ciencia es la creación de máquinas para la automatización de tareas que requieran un comportamiento inteligente.
Algunos ejemplos se encuentran en el área de control de sistemas, planificación automática, la habilidad de responder a diagnósticos y a consultas de los consumidores, reconocimiento de escritura, reconocimiento del habla y reconocimiento de patrones. Los sistemas de IA actualmente son parte de la rutina en campos como economía, medicina, ingeniería y la milicia, y se ha usado en gran variedad de aplicaciones de software, juegos de estrategia como ajedrez de computador y otros videojuegos.
El matemático sudafricano, Seymour Papert, es considerado pionero en esta ciencia
38- Programas Tradicionales
Los programas tradicionales se denominan a todas aquellas aplicaciones que los usuarios normales utilizan, tales como paquete para oficinas, email, en general todo lo que se denomina programas de utilería.
39- Generación de los Programas.
Los equipos (el hardware) han pasado por cuatro generaciones, de las que las tres primeras (ordenadores con válvulas, transistores y circuitos integrados) están muy claras, la cuarta (circuitos integrados a gran escala) es más discutible.
Algo parecido ha ocurrido con la programación de los ordenadores (el software), que se realiza en lenguajes que suelen clasificarse en cinco generaciones, de las que las tres primeras son evidentes, mientras no todo el mundo está de acuerdo en las otras dos. Estas generaciones no coincidieron exactamente en el tiempo con las de hardware, pero sí de forma aproximada, y son las siguientes:
Primera generación Los primeros ordenadores se programaban directamente en código binario, que puede representarse mediante secuencias de ceros y unos sistema binario. Cada modelo de ordenador tiene su propio código, por esa razón se llama lenguaje de máquina.

Segunda generación Los lenguajes simbólicos, asimismo propios de la máquina, simplifican la escritura de las instrucciones y las hacen más legibles.

Tercera generación Los lenguajes de alto nivel sustituyen las instrucciones simbólicas por códigos independientes de la máquina, parecidas al lenguaje humano o al de las Matemáticas.

Cuarta generación Se ha dado este nombre a ciertas herramientas que permiten construir aplicaciones sencillas combinando piezas prefabricadas. Hoy se piensa que estas herramientas no son, propiamente hablando, lenguajes. Algunos proponen reservar el nombre de cuarta generación para la programación orientada a objetos.
Quinta generación Se llama así a veces a los lenguajes de la inteligencia artificial, aunque con el fracaso del proyecto japonés de la quinta generación el nombre ha caído en desuso.
40- Que es Case.
Las herramientas CASE (Computer Aided Software Engineering, Ingeniería de Software Asistida por Ordenador) son diversas aplicaciones informáticas destinadas a aumentar la productividad en el desarrollo de software reduciendo el coste de las mismas en términos de tiempo y de dinero. Estas herramientas nos pueden ayudar en todos los aspectos del ciclo de vida de desarrollo del software en tareas como el proceso de realizar un diseño del proyecto, calculo de costes, implementación de parte del código automáticamente con el diseño dado, compilación automática, documentación o detección de errores entre otras.
41- Programas Compactadores.
Son programas que permiten comprimir o compactar un archivo y/o descomprimirlo o descompactarlo . El objeto de estos programas es reducir el tamaño de los archivos que se transmiten o se transportan en disquetes, al reducir su tamaño se reduce también el tiempo de conexión. Este software se basa en el algoritmo de compresión ZIP, que ya se usaba antes del windows con programas como PKZIP y PKUNZIP.

Muchos archivos en la Web están Compactados. Y es Fundamental para el acarreo de grandes volúmenes de información que pueden viajar “zipeados” en lugar de ocupar demasiado tamaño en su formato original. Entre las ventajas que posee esta la de ser posible su uso como herramienta para ejecutar y realizar BACKUPS de archivos y productos, la opción de utilizar claves de seguridad para que solo quienes estén autorizados puedan descompactar y acceder a los datos comprimidos.
42- Lenguaje SQL
El Lenguaje de consulta estructurado (SQL [/esekuele/ en español, /ɛskjuːˈɛl / en inglés] Structured Query Language ) es un lenguaje declarativo de acceso a bases de datos relacionales que permite especificar diversos tipos de operaciones sobre las mismas. Una de sus características es el manejo del álgebra y el cálculo relacional permitiendo lanzar consultas con el fin de recuperar -de una forma sencilla- información de interés de una base de datos, así como también hacer cambios sobre la misma. Es un lenguaje de cuarta generación (4GL).

Interface
Como principio, el Diccionario de la Real Academia de la Lengua Española define interfaz como una palabra derivada del término inglés “interface”(superficie de contacto) y la define de la siguiente manera: 1. f. Inform. Conexión física y funcional entre dos aparatos o sistemas independientes.
Por confusión con el término anglosajón “interfazear”, “interfasear”, “interfacear” suele utilizarse en muchos manuales de motherboard, pero no debe tomarse esto como correcto ya que existe una palabra muy simple de referencia de este artículo.
43- ABI
En los programas informáticos, un interfaz de aplicación binaria (ABI) describe el bajo nivel de interfaz entre un programa de aplicación y el sistema operativo, o la interfaz entre una aplicación y sus bibliotecas, o que entre los componentes de una aplicación. Un ABI es similar a una interfaz de programación de aplicaciones (API), sin embargo, este último define una interfaz de código fuente. [1] En pocas palabras, abis permitir la compatibilidad binaria, mientras que las API de permitir la compatibilidad de código fuente.
44- Loger Susana Catherine

45- OLP
OLP (Open License Program) lo cual es un programa de licenciamiento por volumen en el cual una empresa puede adquirir sus licencias con un solo contrato, entre estos programas esta el Open Business y Open Value.
46- OLTP
OLTP (Online Transaction Processing) es un tipo de procesamiento de transacciones a través de una red de computadoras. Algunos tipos de aplicaciones OLTP pueden ser banca electrónica, procesamiento de pedidos o comercio electrónico. Es un programa que facilita y administra aplicaciones transaccionales, usualmente para data entry y transacciones en empresas, incluyendo bancos, aerolíneas, etc.
47- Data Ware House
Es un repositorio de datos de muy fácil acceso, alimentado de numerosas fuentes, transformadas en grupos de información sobre temas específicos de negocios, para permitir nuevas consultas, análisis, reportador y decisiones.
48- Data Monts
Los Data Marts son las bases de datos locales o departamentales basadas en subconjuntos de la información contenida en el Data Warehouse central o maestro.
49- Lisp
Lisp es el segundo lenguaje de programación, después de Fortran, de alto nivel. Lisp es de tipo declarativo y fue creado en 1958 por John McCarthy y sus colaboradores en el MIT.
          LATEST POINTS TO PONDER SUNDAY 3/3   

Top World News Now                 
March 3, 2013


United States
Obama Pardons 17 Felons, First in His Second Term
DHS built domestic surveillance tech into Predator drones
'Hundreds of thousands' of documents captured with Osama bin Laden, but only 17 released
Michigan governor moves to appoint emergency manager in Detroit
Pentagon Plans to Ask for Base Closures 
Thousands of Soldiers to Leave Europe
U.S. lawmakers question military aid to Egypt, citing concerns about Israel
US factory work is returning, but the industry has changed
'Anonymous' Hacker Explains Why He Fled The US
Among Most Polluted in US, NYC Area Awaits Cleanup
US Budget Cuts Force Yellowstone to Delay Opening
Obama signs sequester bill
Obama moves a step closer to approval of Keystone pipeline
Navy Building a Drone Base in Sunny Malibu


Russia
Ukrainian leader, fresh from EU talks, to meet Putin
Russian Arms Trade Czar Says "War" Declared on Weapon Supplies to Syria
Russian demonstrators rally in support of U.S. adoption ban
Moscow Police to Probe Alleged Rally Payment Scam
Moscow Mayor says no to more mosques in the city
Opposition’s ‘Social March’ Fizzles Out in Moscow
Uzbek National Shot Dead in Moscow
Putin, Obama stress cooperation, pledge to 'avoid deterioration' in relations
Russia presses for extradition of fugitive banker
Ukrainian President: Gas contract with Russia is killing us
Putin Signals Russia Can Be More Flexible on Syria
Putin says Russia should listen to French arguments on Syria, over vodka
Russians commend Putin's performance, believe he can keep election promises


China
Islands Dispute: China Warns Japan Ahead Of Legislative Session
A push for change in China as new leaders take the helm
China's reform roadmap gets clearer
China "fully prepared" for currency war
China divided on TV 'execution parade': judicial resolve or crude voyeurism
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Kills 12 in Chinese Coal Mine
Spill in China Underlines Environmental Concerns
China's fourth space launch center to be in use in two years
Xi Jinping taking on corruption in China
Premier Li Keqiang, as Hu Jintao protege, may be outgunned on policy
China calls for decreased tension on Korean Peninsula
5 Tibetans, mostly Buddhist monks, arrested for inciting self-immolations
Darkness at noon as worst dust storm in months mixes with morning smog
China's First Aircraft Carrier on Way to Permanent Base at Qingdao in North


United Kingdom
Cameron: UK 'can transform Africa' with G8
Cameron Vows To Stay The Course
Cameron buries hatchet with Plebgate MP Andrew Mitchell - and offers him £250,000 EU job
Government fights Europe over air pollution reduction
EU banker pay cap 'threatens thousands of British jobs'
Revealed: One in four of UK's top companies pay no tax
Banker Andrei Borodin granted asylum in Britain after fleeing Russia
UK Explorer: Green Campaigning Has Failed
UK commits £88m to Chilean telescope 'as big as all existing ones put together'
Paedophile ring leader, Colin Peters, linked to Barnes scandal
Cameron vows to defend UK banks


European Union
Hundreds of thousands march against austerity in Portugal
Italy paralysed as Grillo plots exit route from euro
Italian newcomer Grillo predicts collapse in six months
Italy President Napolitano calls for realism after vote
Greek military prepares for mass repression
1000s hold anti-austerity demo in Greece
At least 22 people hurt in Macedonia ethnic protests over new defense minister
Mass layoffs at Caterpillar in Belgium
Dark Rumblings Of A Coup D'État In Spain
Spain Delays Catalunya Banc Auction
Spain overturns Islamic face veil ban
Thousands march in Portugal to protest austerity

Germany
Germany Blasted for Role in Europe's Crisis
German states rail against 'stupid' wealth transfers
Italian president says Germany must give EU recovery a boost
Germany Debates Fracking as Energy Costs Rise
Bitter feud divides family of Germany's reunification leader
Racism in German military mirrors society
Germany discovers toxin in animal fodder
Angela Merkel Wishes Bulgaria's Borissov Quick Recovery
Merkel cabinet lowers bars to German labor market
Kerry praises Germany's 'exemplary leadership' in Europe
Italian president scraps meeting with German opposition leader over "clown" remarks

France
Hollande leads tributes to 'a great figure' and resistance fighter
As France's Mali mission grows, so does terror threat from homegrown militants inside France
France considers marijuana-based drug
France will not reach 2015 disabled access target
Paris seeks alternative to 75% tax
France-Qatar tensions rise over Mali war, Tunisia
Hollande juggles trade, human rights in Moscow
Hollande to Talk Syria Settlement With Putin
Kerry holds talks on Mali with French leadership
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Al-Qaeda leader behind Algeria gas plant hostage massacre killed in Mali
US Seeks to Confirm Report of Terror Leader's Death
Syria: Fierce Clashes in Provincial Capital Raqqa
Assad Forces Take Aleppo Village, Reopening Supply Line
Syrian President Assad Blasts British Government
Iran Says Syria’s Assad to Run for 2014 Election
How Does the U.S. Mark Unidentified Men in Pakistan and Yemen as Drone Targets?
Syrian Rebels Angry Over US Aid: ‘Only Thing We Want Is Weapons’

Insight Into Today’s News
Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
Norway Enters The Currency Wars
The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
The Last Liberal Branch of Government
US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets

Israel
Netanyahu secretly visited Jordan to discuss peace with Palestinians
Netanyahu gets two more weeks to form Israel coalition
3 Syrian Mortars Land in Southern Golan Heights
Gaza Border: Senior Officer's Vehicle Hit by Gunshots
New coalition will have to freeze construction outside settlement blocs
Tissue tests planned for Israelis in Gaza who want to cross border
Palestinian PM evacuated from West Bank after Israeli soldiers fire teargas at protesters
Sequestration: Israel Could ‘Gradually’ Lose $500 Million in US Aid
Netanyahu blasts Erdogan's 'dark and libelous' criticism of Zionism


Turkey
Scud Missile Fired in Syria Lands Near Iraqi Village
Bombs Kill at Least 22 in Iraqi Capital
Erdoğan: Islamophobia, anti-Semitism same
Turkey's Difficult Choice in Palestine, Israel
Erdogan Calls for More Support for Syrian Opposition
Kurdish leader 'outlines' Turkey peace plan
More Military Arrests in Turkey For 'Feb. 28 Process'
Turkey Provides Schools for Syrian Refugee Children
Iraq budget stalemate deepens over Kurd oil payments
Iraq continues to allow Iranian overflights to Syria


Egypt
John Kerry visits Egypt as dozens injured in violent protests
Kerry urges Egypt to take difficult economic steps; opposition figures skip meetings
Protesters Demand Armed Forces Intervention in Cairo
Ex-member: Muslim Brotherhood has secret societies in 80 nations, including U.S.
Bahrain Activist Zainab Al-Khawaja Sentenced to Jail
176 Protesters Held in Saudi Arabia
Qatar's Influence in Egypt Runs Deeper Than Its Pockets
Morsi criticized for reaction to tragedy
Parties who boycotted Morsi's national dialogue invited to send suggestions
Opposition refuse to stand in Egypt's parliamentary elections

Iran
Ahmadinejad: National dialogue only way to end Syria crisis
Ahmadinejad: West's war against Iran media doomed to failure  
Ahmadinejad to Visit Pakistan This Month to Inaugurate IP Gas Pipeline Construction
Threatening Iran Won't Help in Nuclear Talks, Envoy Says
Seized Chinese Weapons Raise Concerns on Iran
Head Of Iran's Qods Force Suggests Assad Is Vulnerable
Sanction-Hit Iran Fears Unrest as New Elections Near
Khamenei tells Zardari pipeline must advance despite US opposition
Ahmadinejad Aide’s Candidacy a Challenge to Iran’s Theocratic Status Quo
Ahmadinejad, Zardari Stress Expansion of Iran-Pakistan Ties


Venezuela
Hugo Chavez undergoing chemotherapy
VP Maduro: Capriles Seeks Destabilization in Venezuela
Venezuela decries "absurd" rumors over Chavez death
Maduro: Chavez ‘battling’ for his life
Rumours swirl as Chavez stays out of sight
Former envoy claims Venezuela's Chavez is dead
Venezuela government denies rumours about Chavez
Venezuelans hold demo in support of Chavez
Student demonstration dispersed by authorities in Venezuela
FARC: Colombia government to blame for coffee strike


Brazil
Brazil to get its first nuclear subs
Rousseff Meets Nigerian Leader for Trade Talks
Brazil's Unemployment Rises More Than Forecast in January
Prosecutors investigate spying charges against consortium building dam in Brazil
Brazil turns to Catholic Church to quash crack epidemic
Brazil Wind Developers May Be Required to Build New Power Lines
No one is safe from Argentina's drug war
Modern Slavery Rears its Ugly Head in Chile
Chilean Navy Saves 25 Stranded Whales, 20 Die
Peru says American couple found; family wants 'proof of life'


Mexico
Nieto Says Justice Will Be Done in Union Boss’s Case
Six Bodies Found in Mexico, Including Teenage Boy Earlier Arrested for Murder
Mexican Daily Hit by Third Attack This Week
Army Kills 4 Gunmen in Northern Mexico
Two Police Gunned Down in Guatemala
Fire hits big Mexico City marketplace
Pena Nieto enacts major education reform
Powerful head of Mexico teachers union is arrested
Mexico to Launch New Police Force Later This Year

Cuba Dissident’s Daughter Says Dad’s Death Was No Accident
Cuban Dissidents Hope to Build Mass Organization
A post-Castro Cuba
Chavez Congratulates Raul Castro on Re-Election
Castro Retirement News Prompts Tepid Response In Miami
Transition now seen as underway in Cuba
Cooperatives Could Save Cuban Socialism
South African medical students in Cuba may be deported
No ease for Cuba from US state sponsor of terrorism list


United Nations
U.N. Security Council asks for report on possible Mali peacekeepers
Ban Tones Down Criticism of Rwanda Over Congo Claims
UN chief says Iran should gain world confidence over its disputed atomic plan
Libya to ask U.N. to lift arms embargo
UN Removes Osama bin Laden From Sanctions List
Emir of Ansar Dine added to US, UN
          Orientador socioeducativo - Data Final: 06/05/2013   

Local: São Paulo - SP
Data Final: 06/05/2013

Descrição: O Centro Comunitário e Recreativo Jardim Macedônia seleciona orientador socioeducativo para atuar em Centro para Criança e Adolescente, no Capão Redondo, na zona sul de São Paulo.

Requisitos:

Ensino médio completo, preferencialmente cursando superior em pedagogia e/ou afins, residir preferencialmente na região de Capão Redondo ou na zona sul da cidade de São Paulo e experiência anterior com crianças e adolescentes. 

As atribuições da vaga contemplam: orientar e acompanhar crianças na faixa etária de 10 a 14 anos com atividades socioeducativas; planejar e executar atividades deste segmento; e conduzir atividades tais como rodas de conversa, brincadeiras dirigidas e de lazer em atividades internas e externas, entre outras. 

Carga horária: 40 horas semanais, sendo das 07h30 às 16h30. 

Tipo de contrato: CLT. 

Remuneração: R$ 1.204,17. É oferecida refeição no local. 

Interessados podem enviar currículo, aos cuidados de Gabriela e/ou Marilene, para o e-mail: ccamacedonia@hotmail.com

Local: São Paulo - SP

          1812.10.25 - The Capture of H.M.S. Macedonian by the American frigate United States off Madeira - Derek George Montague Gardner   

1812.10.25 - The Capture of H.M.S. Macedonian - Derek George Montague Gardner_zpsyjnmk3a6.jpg
1812.10.25 - The Capture of H.M.S. Macedonian by the American frigate United States off Madeira - Derek George Montague Gardner - 1812.10.25 - The Capture of H.M.S. Macedonian - Derek George Montague Gardner_zpsyjnmk3a6.jpg

El combate entre el USS United States y el HMS Macedonian es una batalla naval librada el 25 de Octubre de 1812, durante la Guerra Anglo-americana de 1812, que enfrentó al Imperio Británico y a los Estados Unidos. El navío americano USS United States estaba mandado por Stephen Decatur quien salió victorioso de una larga sangrienta batalla contra el HMS Macedonian bajo el mandode John Surman Carden. El HMS Macedonian fue el primer navío de guerra británico llevado a un puerto americano después de su captura.


          Fresno VA Medical Center's Nurse of the Year   

Meet Doca Merdjanoska from Macedonia, one of VA's top nurses. Our continuing series of outstanding VA employees features a surgical department nurse at the Fresno VA Medical Center. Read the full story

Doca Merdjanoska, surgical department nurse at the VA Central California Health
          Le Grandi Battaglie di Alessandro Magno   

Fino alle soglie dei tempi moderni, e in alcuni casi anche in seguito, qualunque generale che aspirasse a lasciare una traccia di sé nella Storia si è posto come modello Alessandro Magno. Il sovrano macedone fu un conquistatore impareggiabile, in grado di costituire in soli otto anni un impero che andava dalla Grecia a l’odierno Pakistan; uno stratega raffinato, capace di allestire campagne ed eserciti di un’efficienza straordinaria; un tattico lucido e brillante, sempre consapevole dei punti deboli del nemico; un generale imbattuto, determinato a superare ogni sfida e ogni prova, tanto più se essa era ritenuta un ostacolo insormontabile dagli altri; e, soprattutto, un condottiero di inarrivabile coraggio, sempre in prima fila in battaglia e sotto gli spalti di una roccaforte nemica, colpito, ferito e vicino alla morte decine di volte ma in grado, col suo esempio, di caricare i propri uomini come nessun altro comandante. Ma quanta parte ebbero nelle sue vittorie le innovazioni e le conquiste di suo padre, Filippo II di Macedonia, la debolezza di un impero in decadenza come quello persiano, e infine la fortuna, che gli permise di uscire vivo, seppur malconcio, da tutte le più temerarie azioni belliche? Questo libro racconta le imprese di Alessandro depurandole dalla incredibile mole di leggende fiorite sul suo conto dopo la sua prematura morte, analizzando, oltre agli strumenti e alle capacità che gli consentirono di diventare il più grande condottiero di tutti i tempi, i limiti e i difetti della sua condotta.


          bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ... - bellingcat   

bellingcat

bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ...
bellingcat
On June 25th 2017 the German newspaper, Welt, published the latest piece by Seymour Hersh, countering the “mainstream” narrative around the April 4th 2017 ...
Intel Behind Trump's Syria Attack Questioned – ConsortiumnewsConsortium News
MINA Breaking News - Hersh: Trump launched strike on Syria based ...MINA

all 4 news articles »

          Arte sobre las instituciones del arte en el MNAV   
_Témpano. El problema de lo institucional. Cruces entre Europa del Este y el Río de la Plata_ se titula la muestra del Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Montevideo (Macmo) que se encuentra en el Museo Nacional de Artes Visuales (MNAV) hasta el 30 de julio. La exposición reúne un conjunto de obras que pueden englobarse bajo el género de “crítica institucional”, es decir, arte que se dedica a criticar las instituciones del arte; a disputar la política interna del mundo de la creación, circulación y venta del arte. “Como se sabe, sólo un porcentaje mínimo de la masa de un témpano es visible sobre la superficie del agua: la mayor parte está sumergida”. _Témpano_ se ocupa de las instituciones artísticas buscando, mediante diversas estrategias y métodos, “revelar lo que se oculta, nombrar lo que se silencia, demostrar lo contingente, histórico e interesado de aquello que se da por sentado, inmutable y sin ideología”, dice el desplegable de la exposición. El témpano es, entonces, una metáfora de las instituciones, pero también de las prácticas artísticas, las relaciones y condiciones de producción en ese terreno. Acompañando el carácter autorreflexivo que signa los campos y disciplinas en la posmodernidad, la crítica institucional pone de manifiesto que el mundo del arte está en disputa, y que en esa batalla se juegan no sólo aspectos simbólicos, sino también económicos, políticos, ideológicos, nacionales e internacionales. El tema es una de las obsesiones del Macmo –que se define como un “espacio de ensayos provisorios de modelos, estrategias y formas de pensar en torno al arte contemporáneo”– y de sus impulsoras, Agustina Rodríguez y Eugenia González, conocidas por ser creadoras de la obra _Variables_, que, saboteando el proceso de selección de jurados para el Premio Nacional de Artes Visuales –González se hizo elegir como jurado por artistas/obras inexistentes– sacudió la empantuflada escena del arte uruguayo en 2010. Por ese entonces, ambas ya ponían en tensión los procesos por los que debe pasar un artista para ser incluido en el mundo del arte, así como los abusos e intereses institucionales que la mayoría de las veces quedan debajo del agua. Desde su inauguración en 2014, el Macmo ha explorado diferentes modos de poner en cuestión las lógicas de producción artística y reproducción cultural, como en el caso del laboratorio _[El museo es una escuela](http://ladiaria.com.uy/UO8 "")_ o del intento –poco exitoso, dado el silencio absoluto que se cernió sobre su convocatoria– de emular en Uruguay el proyecto de ArtLeaks, consistente en crear un [banco de denuncias de abusos institucionales en el mundo del arte](http://ladiaria.com.uy/UO9 ""). “El iceberg flota y viaja y se estanca, se derrite y se despedaza, choca contra otros témpanos, con los continentes e islas y con diversos objetos flotantes. Su tamaño cambia, y también su peligrosidad para las embarcaciones, que desarrollan técnicas para no correr la misma suerte del _Titanic_. Así, las prácticas artísticas que abordan las instituciones en sí mismas y su institucionalidad, y por tanto, sus relaciones con la creación artística, con la industria cultural, el mercado, el poder político, la economía, la ideología, las transformaciones sociales y las historias del arte, se desarrollan en determinado tiempo y lugar; son efectivas o inútiles; rasguñan, dañan o hunden las instituciones; son destruidas o evitadas por ellas; pierden eficacia, se paralizan, son sustituidas por otras; siguen determinados patrones, modelos y tipologías. Las instituciones se adaptan a ellas, las fagocitan y las utilizan para actualizarse y transformarse”. Así como hay política sobre la política, filosofía sobre la filosofía, ciencia sobre la ciencia, hay arte sobre el arte. Las obras exhibidas en _Témpano_ tienen en cuenta dos mapas: el temático, ya mencionado, y el geográfico, ya que la propuesta busca replicar en el Río de la Plata la investigación _Inside Out - Not So White Cube_ (Del revés - Cubo no tan blanco) de Alenka Gregori , curadora eslovena, y Suzana Milevska, teórica del arte macedonia. Se encuentran así artistas de Europa Central y del Este –donde vive Francisco Tomsich, uno de los curadores de la muestra e integrante del Macmo– con otros rioplatenses, mostrando que, aunque hay especificidades locales, también hay problemas globales que reúnen las preocupaciones de creadores en diversos países de la ex Yugoslavia –Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croacia, Eslovenia, Macedonia, Serbia– y otros ex integrantes del “bloque socialista” –Bulgaria, Rumania– pero también en Austria, Argentina y Uruguay. Los artistas y grupos que integran la muestra son ArtLeaks, Azra Akšamija, Aldo Baroffio y Soledad Bettoni, Carlos Capelán, Graciela Carnevale, Andreas Fogarasi, Liljana Gjuzelova y Sašo Stanojkovik, Hungry Artists Foundation, Jusuf Hadžifejzovi , Lea Lublin, Dalibor Martinis, Paula Massarutti, Ivan Moudov, Dan Perjovschi, Lia Perjovschi, Tadej Poga ar, Mariana Telleria, Pablo Uribe y Leonello Zambon. Aunque hay algunos contemporáneos, especialmente los rioplatenses, la mayoría de las obras fueron creadas en los años 70, y esto habla no sólo del carácter histórico de esta vertiente estético-política, sino también del singular contexto en el que surgió (en plena Guerra Fría y cuando en ambos bandos se intensificaban los conflictos internos). Quizá la necesidad de criticar al arte se agudiza en los lugares y momentos en los que también se siente la urgencia de criticar y denunciar sus contextos. Y quizá empezar hablando del mundo propio sea una vía para hablar del mundo. La crítica institucional mezcla un arte de ideas y una desesperación del arte por tocar la vida, o por mostrar el modo en que la vida y sus agentes perforan todo el tiempo al arte. No busca la belleza estética o la innovación técnica, sino denunciar situaciones relacionadas con la automatización en que han entrado las formas de producción y exhibición del arte, sus economías especulativas y sus modos capitalistas de moverse, la sumisión y los egos en juego, y las políticas culturales y curatoriales que pasan lejos de la consideración de las obras. En la muestra –curada por el equipo del Macmo con la colaboración de Laura Outeda, May Puchet, Mauricio Rodríguez y Cecilia Sánchez– pueden verse obras en las que los creadores han decidido colgar sus cuadros mirando a la pared, encerrar al público en la sala de exposición, o criticar –habiendo sido elegidos– los criterios de selección de una muestra, o a la institución que las acoge; muestras que esconden dinero entre las obras que luego venden para recuperarlo, y obras cuya observación el propio artista, vestido de guardia, se dedica a obstaculizar; arte que visita las miserias del arte, o que hace visibles a los trabajadores detrás de las exposiciones; obras que parasitan otras obras, cubren de negro un museo, cuentan historias o archivan diálogos como si fueran obras; bibliografías mostradas como obras. ¿Puede el arte criticar al arte desde dentro? Mientras _Témpano_ lo intenta desde el corazón de la institucionalidad artística uruguaya –nada menos que el MNAV– recuerdo la provocación del teórico de la danza Ramsay Burt, quien señala: “Los ataques vanguardistas al arte son ataques a la única institución sobre la cual los artistas tienen alguna influencia”. Puede ser que eso tenga algo de cierto y que estas tentativas sean comidas por el circuito de consumo, poder y mercantilización que domina el arte y sus actuales procesos de inclusión/exclusión. El riesgo existe, y también la apuesta a despertar en los visitantes –y por qué no, en los directores– de museos ciertas inquietudes respecto de la pretensión de neutralidad ideológica o política del arte contemporáneo. Quizá. Al igual que el capitalismo, el mundo del arte devora todo lo que pretende atacarlo. Lo cierto es que después de toda ingesta viene el momento de la digestión, y es entonces que muestras como esta pueden patearle el hígado.
          ¿Por qué Diosas?   
Salvo excepciones, las mujeres del este de Europa (generalmente de raza eslava, mezcla entre europeo y asiático) son bellísimas, altas, esbeltas, piernas de escándalo, excelentes amantes... perfectas para adorar.
Este blog irá dedicado a ellas, a las mejores mujeres del mundo, las del este de Europa
Son Diosas porque son mujeres muy femeninas y de una belleza extraordinaria además de cultas y grandes amantes, son mujeres dulces, comprometidas, luchadoras, amantes del teatro y la literatura... Hoy en día, tras la caída del regimen soviético, tenemos la suerte de verlas pasear por nuestras calles, tenemos la posibilidad de conocer a alguna y de que se convierta en nuestra esposa/compañera. Tratándola y mimándola como se merecen (están acostumbradas a la frialdad y rudeza del hombre eslavo) seremos los hombres más felices del mundo.
En este blog iré recogiendo las fotografias de las mujeres del este de Europa más famosas y bellas del panorama internacional.

EJEMPLOS DE BELLEZA ESLAVA
(haz click en las imágenes para verlas a tamaño completo)



Países que son parte de la llamada Europa del este


República Checa, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, Croacia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Rumania, Moldavia, Hungria, Ucrania, Bielorusia, Polonia, Lituania, Letonia, Estonia, y la Federación Rusa


          Katarina Ivanovska   
Katarina Ivanovska nació el 18 de agosto de 1988 en Skopje (Macedonia). Mide 1'80 y sus medidas son 85-60-89.

FOTOS DE KATARINA IVANOVSKA
(haz click en las imágenes para verlas a tamaño completo)







          Macedonia's Trump Spammers Fear Golden Age Is Over   
Sinisa Jakov Marusic, BI
The spammers from the little Macedonian town of Veles - who gained cash and notoriety for promoting fake news about Donald Trump - fear their lucrative business is fading away.
          Fleurons Macedonian Tomb   

from bat400: A view into the main chamber taken from the tomb entrance. The huge marble door that would have shut the antechamber from the main chamber lies where it fell back into the tomb. The exposure of the photo has been pushed and shows much more detail than I was able to see at the time, including details of the stone sarcophagus (on the right,) and that the interior walls are painted. The color of this photo has not been manipulated - only the exposure. Photo by bat400, May 2017.
          Fleurons Macedonian Tomb   

from bat400: The tympanum has a fresco with a reclining couple, interpreted as Hades and Persephone. The colors are vivid and bright although there is damage to the surface. Photo by bat400, May 2017.
          Fleurons Macedonian Tomb   

from bat400: The front face the tomb. Unlike the larger Krisis Tomb nearby, the Fleurons Tomb is free standing in the front and its roof structure was intact enough for this reconstruction. You can stand and view the tomb from directly in front of the entrance, and see through the antechamber and into the main chamber from that vantage point. You are not allowed to enter past the front. Photo by bat400, May 2017.
          Krisis Macedonian Tomb   

from bat400: A detail of the decoration above a row of doric columns. The figures in relief depict Greeks battling Persians. Photo by bat400, May 2017.
          Krisis Macedonian Tomb   

from bat400: The face of the tomb. Note that supporting scaffolding remains inside the tomb, but has been removed from the exterior. Photo by bat400, May 2017.
          Re: Debunking Christianity: Christians Don't Believe Their Own Bible, The Key Question Revealed.   

Don the Hapless Camper

"Did you read my response to the question "what is God?" The essence of God is being, Spirit (as opposed to physical and material), eternal, transcendent, etc. Note the "Spirit" part. Because God is not physical he is not visible. "

Irrelevant.
Neither you nor anyone else gets to define their particular "god" into existence.
It doesn't work that way.
And if your "god" is invisible and you are created in the image of that "god"....why aren't you invisible?

"He has appeared to some such as Moses and Gideon, but that was a theophany."

LOL
Allegedly and allegedly.
And there is only third hand hearsay for either allegation.

"The same is true of hearing God. Though some have heard a sound, the primary way God speaks is not by way of a sound hearable by physical ears."

Rather convenient, no?
You do understand that our minds are full of recordings of conversations and sermons, do you not?
That means you can't be sure that inner voice is "god".

Sorry.

< "How can you be certain you weren't hallucinating?" >

"One way is that God speaks to us a message that is coherent with what he says to others."

Now that is funny, Don.
The way you tell that the voice you hear is the voice of "god" is if what is said agrees with your unique raft of tribal cultural baggage?
Seriously, dude?
Surely you understand that even among the Abrahamic religions that baggage is going to be vastly different.

"That means one person who has heard God (or read what he has spoken in the past) will not find that God speaks in contradiction to what God has spoken to others."

I know what you mean. It just seems like ridiculous nonsense to me.
How can you be sure previous pronouncements were from your "god"? How could you possibly guard against confirmation bias and group realities reinforcement?

"Paul even says that "two or three prophets should speak, and the others should weigh carefully what is said." (1 Corinthians 14:29) That means what someone reports as a message given by God should be judged by others who have heard God speak. If there is a contradiction, the message should not be considered as from God."

IOW, those who agree with Paul and his group reality are to be regarded as factual manifestations?
And you don't have any trouble with your logic here, Don?

"The same is true of larger message of God spoken through prophets or apostles. If I hear something contrary to that message, then it is not from God."

Do you know what the penalty was for false prophecy, Don?
What you have is just the winners in the prophecy lottery collected and edited.

"For example, when Paul hears in a dream a man of Macedonia saying come to Macedonia and help us, Paul can credit that message as from God because it does not conflict with the message to go into all the world and preach the gospel."

LOL
Paging Christopher Walken's SNL "Trivial Psychic".

"In practice, however, a person learns to recognize the voice of God just as we learn to recognize the voice of someone close to us whom we hear speak regularly."

I'm calling BS on that one, dude.
Again, how can you tell this inner voice from confirmation bias and wish fulfillment?
I don't think you can.

When I was very young I thought I was hearing the voice of "god". Then I realized it was my father's voice repeating religious dogma.
I think you experience something similar.

"That is the reason Abraham accepted God's command to go and sacrifice Isaac. Abraham had many years of hearing God's voice. This particular message seemed contrary to what he knew of God, but the voice was the same. As it turned out, God had a purpose in commanding Abraham to sacrifice his son; it was both to make the point that human sacrifice was NOT God's will and that God would provide an acceptable sacrifice in a ram."

You believe that particular crock is not metaphorical, Don?
What kind of a monster would demand such a pantomime.

"Ask almost any person who has heard God speak, and you'll find that they know when God speaks and when they are substituting their own ideas for God's."

Hahahahahahahahaha....
I have no doubt they think that. All of them-of every religious persuasion-even those that disagree with pretty much everything you believe, Don.
Why are those that hear your "god" special in that regard?

< "This "god" says different things to different people, not only among disparate religions but even to members of your own tribe." >

"I am not sure how you would know."

Seriously?
Simply by comparing what they report and noting the contradictions.
How many times in the last 1,300 years have the apocalypse been predicted by people who claim your "god" spoke to them?
Give me a number.
Remember in your reading the conflict between Paul and the Jerusalem church regarding what "god" said about following the jewish laws (including circumcision)? Your little test would not have helped at all in that case nor in many others.

"There is no doubt that many claim to hear God. But that does not make it so. "

Now we're getting somewhere......
How do you personally know which group you are in?
If they can be deceived in this manner, why can't you?

"Test it by the proven message that God has spoken. "

You don't have any "proven" messages. You only have allegations and Texas Marksman "prophecies"{.

Sorry.

Again, that "test" is an open invitation to indulge in confirmation bias and wish fulfillment delusions and little more.
Agreement with your particular tribe's cultural baggage is not an adequate test of veracity.

"Use that as your true north, and I don't think you'll find that the divergent messages pass the test."

That is babble, Don.
Most of the people on the planet don't accept your judeo/islamic/ christian writings as being from any "god" or even supernatural in origin.

You should ask better of yourself and for yourself if you're going to base your entire life on something so flimsy.


          Re: Debunking Christianity: Christians Don't Believe Their Own Bible, The Key Question Revealed.   

We've been through this before, Don.

Yes we have. And the answer is still the same.

Did you actually see this "god"?

Did you read my response to the question "what is God?" The essence of God is being, Spirit (as opposed to physical and material), eternal, transcendent, etc. Note the "Spirit" part. Because God is not physical he is not visible. He has appeared to some such as Moses and Gideon, but that was a theophany.

The same is true of hearing God. Though some have heard a sound, the primary way God speaks is not by way of a sound hearable by physical ears.

How can you be certain you weren't hallucinating?

One way is that God speaks to us a message that is coherent with what he says to others. That means one person who has heard God (or read what he has spoken in the past) will not find that God speaks in contradiction to what God has spoken to others.

Paul even says that "two or three prophets should speak, and the others should weigh carefully what is said." (1 Corinthians 14:29) That means what someone reports as a message given by God should be judged by others who have heard God speak. If there is a contradiction, the message should not be considered as from God.

The same is true of larger message of God spoken through prophets or apostles. If I hear something contrary to that message, then it is not from God.

For example, when Paul hears in a dream a man of Macedonia saying come to Macedonia and help us, Paul can credit that message as from God because it does not conflict with the message to go into all the world and preach the gospel.

In practice, however, a person learns to recognize the voice of God just as we learn to recognize the voice of someone close to us whom we hear speak regularly.

That is the reason Abraham accepted God's command to go and sacrifice Isaac. Abraham had many years of hearing God's voice. This particular message seemed contrary to what he knew of God, but the voice was the same. As it turned out, God had a purpose in commanding Abraham to sacrifice his son; it was both to make the point that human sacrifice was NOT God's will and that God would provide an acceptable sacrifice in a ram.

Ask almost any person who has heard God speak, and you'll find that they know when God speaks and when they are substituting their own ideas for God's.

This "god" says different things to different people, not only among disparate religions but even to members of your own tribe.

I am not sure how you would know. There is no doubt that many claim to hear God. But that does not make it so. Test it by the proven message that God has spoken. Use that as your true north, and I don't think you'll find that the divergent messages pass the test.


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          Production Machine Operator   
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          For sale - Michael Kors Brown Saffiano Jet Set Travel Medium... - Auction   

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          For sale - Michael Kors Luggage Brown Saffiano Jet Set Travel... - Auction   
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          Casino Brango Exclusive July $150 Freeroll Tournament   

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          bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ... - bellingcat   

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bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ...
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On June 25th 2017 the German newspaper, Welt, published the latest piece by Seymour Hersh, countering the “mainstream” narrative around the April 4th 2017 ...
Intel Behind Trump's Syria Attack Questioned – ConsortiumnewsConsortium News
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          For sale - 1:22 champion racing motor bikes moto gp ducati... - $12   
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          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief’s passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) — A court in Macedonia’s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal. A special prosecutor has charged Saso Mijalkov, a close relative of former conservative Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, with illegally wiretapping more than 5,800 phones from ...
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
           Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized    
The scandal, which broke in 2015, precipitated a political crisis and, eventually, led to early elections in December 2016 that ended the 10-year reign of Gruevski's conservative VMRO-DPMNE party.
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief’s passport seized   

Macedonian court bans former counterintelligence chief from leaving country over wiretapping scandal

The post Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief’s passport seized appeared first on FederalNewsRadio.com.


          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
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          Slovenia takes over presidency of SEECP for EU enlargement, security   

Slovenia has taken over the one-year chairmanship of the Southeast Europe Cooperation Process , a regional partnership with focus on promoting EU enlargement, security, the youth and digitalization, according to the Slovenian Press Agency on Saturday morning. Slovenia formally took over the presidency from Croatia at Friday's SEECP summit in Dubrovnik, Croatia, which was attended by the presidents of Croatia, Slovenia, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia and Bulgaria.


          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          La Tortulia #101 - Batalla del Gránico   
Mayo, 334 antes de Cristo. Alejandro de Macedonia, luego llamado Alejandro Magno, enfrenta el desafío más grande de su hasta ahora corto reinado. Ha invadido Anatolia exitosamente, pero el tamaño de la invencible Persia se presenta intimidador. Necesita demostrar que el gigante puede ser derrotado y rápido, antes de que la invasión colapse siquiera antes de empezar. Frente a él, el río Gránico. Del otro lado, 15000 efectivos de caballería persa, la mejor del mundo y 5000 efectivos de infantería griega dispuestos a cortar las ambiciones del joven monarca ahí y en ese momento. No se pone más épico que aquí, en la batalla del Gránico, la batalla más peligrosa de toda la carrera de Alejandro Magno. ¿Quién sobrevivirá? Música, en orden de aparición: Mars, the Bringer of War, por Gustav Holst El tema de la Tortulia es una versión de Caravan por Oleg Zobachev. El tema original es de Duke Ellington.
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief’s passport seized   

SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) — A court in Macedonia’s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal. A special prosecutor has charged Saso Mijalkov, a close relative of former conservative Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski, with illegally wiretapping more than 5,800 phones from […]
          Coins Value The Rich History of Gold and Gold Coins   
Gold has a long and rich (pun intended) history, dating back thousand of years and spanning across a huge sampling of great civilizations and empires. As far back as the 2nd millennia B.C., gold was the means of value exchange and gift giving.





Gold coins became the currency of the times and were highly sought after for their value. These were used as payment for taxes, and exchanged between rulers of different countries.





Hundreds of years later it was said that the Lydian king Croesus, was credited with the first true gold coins. This was in the in the 6th century B.C., and followed the 7th century Lydian production of coins using electrum.





Electrum was found in the riverbeds and consisted of a mix of both silver and gold. It wasn't until the next century however that the Lydians were able to separate the two metals from each other.





Once they were able to do that, they circulated both silver and gold coins and that is why they were the first to be credited with circulating true gold coins anywhere in the world. Early gold coins from them and other civilizations typically depicted powerful animals on their coinage such as bulls or lions.





The Greeks primarily used silver coins until Alexander the Great and his father Phillip of Macedonia acquired a large collection of gold from their conquests of the Persian Empire and other lands. However, silver was still the predominate metal for coin circulation.





Gold was often used as a means of payment to the soldiers. This was just a matter of convenience. As the armies conquered other territories and acquired gold, it was easier for them to be paid with gold. This was very much the case during the reign of the Roman Empire.





The Romans created and circulated coins on a huge scale, as they usually did with most other areas of their lives. Coins were usually minted out of the most readily available metals and with an empire as vast as the Roman's had, coins were made out of bronze, copper, silver and gold.





It wasn't until the death of Julius Cesar that gold coins became used more frequently. They eventually became the dominant coin in circulation. The Greeks started putting the faces of their rulers on their coins, and the Romans followed soon there after. To this day there is a large sampling of Roman gold coins that remain in collections.





Following the end of the Roman empires, as Europe began the Middle Ages, it was left to the Islamic and Persian countries to keep the up the circulation of gold coins. This continued until Italy led the way out of the Dark Ages and into the Renaissance.





With international trade and exploration, gold once again became a very dominant figure. Gold coins were once again highly sought after and used. This lasted until modern times and until the United States, along with other countries, went off the Gold Standard and gold coins fell out of favor as a means of circulated currency.





Fortunately, there are many gold coins still available today for collectors and in today's economic climate, it's also a wise investment.


If you're looking for great deals on gold coins and the latest information on how to build up your collection, visit the Gold Coin Connection today and discover all the great gold coins for sale at discount prices.

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          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          For sale - 1/43 vitesse lancia delta hf intergrale 16V black... - $90   
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          Macedonian - Greek name dispute   
Your thought's about Macedonian - Greek name dispute?<br /><br /><br /><br />I personally would like to know do Macedonians consider themselves Slavic, or as a tribe of ancient Hellens?<br /><br />As far as from genetics one could understand that ancient Macedonians which belonged to Mediterranean population were living there, and we can see that there is an obvious Slavic R1a influx which is mirroring that there was Slavs that settled Macedonia. That too would mean that Macedonians today are a product of both Slavs and Hellens, but what puzzles me is you can't be both, so what do Macedonians consider themselves, Slavs or Hellenic population?<br />
          National anthems of Slavic countries   

Below is the list of anthems officially recognised in Slavic countries as their national anthems. With a very short description, who is the composer, when it was written, something like that.


1. Belarus - "My Belarusy" ("We Belarusians")


image


Music is based on Belarusian Soviet Socialist Republic, composed by a Belarusian composer Nestar Sakalouski in 1955. The text was written by Uladzimir Karyzna in 2002. Officially adopted in 2002.



2. Bosnia and Herzegovina - "Intermezzo"


image


Music composed by Dušan Šestić, Bosnian Serb composer. Was adopted in 1999. The text is written by the composer of music and by Bosnian singer, songwriter and poet - Benjamin Isović, in 2008. The text is not officially accepted, so the anthem is played in instrumental version.



3. Bulgaria - "Mila Rodino" ("Dear Motherland")


image


Both, text and music were created by Bulgar student Tsvetan Tsvetkov Radoslavov, who were going to a Serbian-Bulgarian war in 1885. Is a national anthem since 1964, few times modified. After the collapse of the Eastern Bloc the third part have been removed for its reference to the Soviet Union "with us, Moscow".



4. Croatia - "Lijepa naša domovino" ("Our beautiful homeland")


image


The text written by a Croatian poet, Antun Mihanović, first time published in 1835. In 1846 the music was composed by Josip Runjamin, a military cadet. Is a national anthem since 1991, although was considered an anthem of the Republic of Croatia within Yugoslavia before.



5. Czechia - "Kde domov můj" ("Where is my home")


image


The text was written by Czech writer Josef Kajetán Tyl, music was composed by František Jan Škroup. The anthem was a part of the comedy "Fidlovačka" from 1834 which haven't become popular. The song, on the other hand, became very popular and was accepted as unofficial anthem of a nation existing within the borders of Austria-Hungary. With a part of current Slovak anthem was also a national anthem of Czechoslovakia, since 1993 current version of anthem was adopted.



6. Macedonia - "Denes nad Makedonija" ("Today over Macedonia")


image


The text was written in 1941 by Vlado Maleski, one of the most prominent Macedonian poets and a partisan. The music was composed by Todor Skalovski in 1943. Until 1989 was an unofficial anthem of Macedonia within Yugoslavia, and since 1992 is officially recognised as a national anthem of Macedonia.



7. Montenegro - "Oj, svijetla majska zoro" ("Oh, bright dawn of May")


image


The text written in 1937 by Sekula Drljević, Montenegrin separatist politician, lawyer and writer, who during World War II collaborated with the Germans and Ustasha movement. The music is a Montenegrin folk song. The anthem adopted in 2004.



8. Poland - "Mazurek Dąbrowskiego" ("Dąbrowski's Mazurka")


image


The text written in 1797 by a politician and writer, Józef Wybicki, as "Song of the Polish Legions in Italy", who wrote it during his stay in Northern Italy; it was originally meant to boost the morale of Polish soldiers serving under General Jan Henryk Dąbrowski's Polish Legions that served with Napoleon's French Revolutionary Army in the Italian campaigns of the French Revolutionary Wars. The author of music remains unknown. Officially adopted as a national anthem in 1927.



9. Russia


image


The adaptation of the Soviet anthem, to which Alexandr Alexandrov composed the music in 1938. The current text was written by a Russian poet, Sergey Mikhalkov, in 2000. Adopted in 2000, the national anthem of Russian Federation have subsituted "Patriotic Song" which functioned as an anthem since 1991.



10. Serbia - "Bože pravde" ("God of Justice")


image


Written in 1872, the text by Jovan Djordjevic, music by Davorin Jenko. The original text which had a reference to monarchy have been slightly modified. It was an anthem of the Principality of Serbia and the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Currently an anthem of Serbia since 2006.



11. Slovakia - "Nad Tatrou sa blýska" ("Lightning over the Tatras")


image


The text written in 1844 by a Slovak poet, Janko Matúška. The first part was present in the anthem of Czechoslovakia. The music is a folk song, known also in Carpathian mountains and Podhale region. Adopted in 1993 with the split of Czechoslovakia.



12. Slovenia - "Zdravljica" ("A toast")


image


The text written in 1844 by France Prešeren, most prominent Slovene poet. The music composed in 1905 by a composer, Stanko Premrl. Adopted in 1989.



13. Ukraine - "Shche ne vmerla Ukrainy ni slava ni volya" ("The glory and the freedom of Ukraine has not yet perished")


image


The text written in 1862 by an ethnograph and a poet, Pavlo Chubynski, the music was composed by a Greek-Catholic priest, Mykhailo Verbytski in 1863. An anthem in years 1917-20 and since 1992. In 2003 was slightly modified due to similar lyrics to a Polish national anthem. I am not sure which version is in link provided, but only two or three things changed.




          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
A court in Macedonia's capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal. A special prosecutor has … Click to Continue »
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia di frutta delicatissima   
Ingredienti uva Thomson senza semi fragole Procedimento
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Get Development finance from £100,000 to £50 million   
We have funding solutions for new build projects, redevelopments, major renovation works or just general refurbishments. We can help with residential, commercial and mixed use developments. Our extensive range of development finance packages are primarily designed with the property developer in mind. From smaller, private builders through to larger property developers we are able to offer bespoke finance for the purposes of refurbishment, conversion or new build. Contact Us Unit 7 Minster Park Collingwood Road, West Moors Wimborne, Dorset BH21 6QF G M T Detect languageAfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBengaliBosnianBulgarianCatalanCebuanoChichewaChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDutchEnglishEsperantoEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekGujaratiHaitian CreoleHausaHebrewHindiHmongHungarianIcelandicIgboIndonesianIri*alianJapaneseJavaneseKannadaKazakhKhmerKoreanLaoLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalagasyMalayMalayalamMalteseMaoriMarathiMongolianMyanmar (Burmese)NepaliNorwegianPersianPolishPortuguesePunjabiRomanianRussianSerbianSesothoSinhalaSlovakSlovenianSomaliSpanishSundaneseSwahiliSwedishTajikTamilTeluguThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduUzbekVietnameseWelshYiddishYorubaZulu AfrikaansAlbanianArabicArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBengaliBosnianBulgarianCatalanCebuanoChichewaChinese (Simplified)Chinese (Traditional)CroatianCzechDanishDutchEnglishEsperantoEstonianFilipinoFinnishFrenchGalicianGeorgianGermanGreekGujaratiHaitian CreoleHausaHebrewHindiHmongHungarianIcelandicIgboIndonesianIri*alianJapaneseJavaneseKannadaKazakhKhmerKoreanLaoLatinLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalagasyMalayMalayalamMalteseMaoriMarathiMongolianMyanmar (Burmese)NepaliNorwegianPersianPolishPortuguesePunjabiRomanianRussianSerbianSesothoSinhalaSlovakSlovenianSomaliSpanishSundaneseSwahiliSwedishTajikTamilTeluguThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduUzbekVietnameseWelshYiddishYorubaZulu Text-to-speech function is limited to 100 characters Options : History : Help : Feedback Close
          Comentario en Itinerario y cosas para ver en Armenia en una semana por Flor   
Hola Fede! Qué lindo! A nosotros nos faltó el Kurdistán iraní! Espero te haya servido la info para hacerte una idea... :) Abrazos de vecinos pergaminenses desde la Macedonia balcánica ;) jajaja
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ... - bellingcat   

bellingcat

bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ...
bellingcat
On June 25th 2017 the German newspaper, Welt, published the latest piece by Seymour Hersh, countering the “mainstream” narrative around the April 4th 2017 ...
Intel Behind Trump's Syria Attack Questioned – ConsortiumnewsConsortium News
MINA Breaking News - Hersh: Trump launched strike on Syria based ...MINA

all 4 news articles »

          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) — A court in Macedonia’s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal. A special prosecutor has charged Saso Mijalkov, a close relative of former conserv...
              
#summerfashions #follow #like #order #summer #toptan #wholesale #girlfashion #instagood #swag #azarbaycan #bulgaria #albenia #moldova #ukraine #macedonia #georgia #kazakhstan #
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
           Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized    
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) - A court in Macedonia's capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport...
          Wereld voor reizigers weer iets gevaarlijker geworden   

De wereld is voor reizigers de afgelopen twee jaar weer iets gevaarlijker geworden. Dat blijkt uit een vergelijking die de NOS heeft gemaakt tussen de reisadviezen van het ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken die nu op de site staan en die van 2015. Vooral landen in Noord- en Midden-Afrika en West-Azië zijn onveilig.

De ontvoering van Derk Bolt en zijn cameraman Eugenio Follender in Colombia illustreerde vorig week nog hoe riskant het in sommige gebieden kan zijn. Zij bevonden zich in 'rood' gebied, een deel van een land waar Buitenlandse Zaken een bezoek sterk afraadt. Een ander voorbeeld is de recente aanval van moslimstrijders op een hotel in Mali, waar ook zes Nederlanders zaten.

Dertien landen zijn volgens Buitenlandse Zaken gevaarlijker dan twee jaar geleden. Daarvan wordt Turkije het vaakst door Nederlanders bezocht. Voor heel Turkije geldt een verhoogd risico op terroristische aanslagen. Bovendien zijn er sinds de mislukte coup van vorig jaar politieke spanningen en verstoorde relaties met Nederland en andere EU-landen.

Thailand en de Filipijnen

Ook een ander populair land voor Nederlandse vakantiegangers, Thailand, is onveiliger geworden. Politieke demonstraties kunnen er tot geweld leiden en door de rouw voor de overleden koning zijn feestelijke activiteiten beperkt. Ook in de Filipijnen kunnen demonstraties tot geweld leiden.

Egypte is onveiliger geworden door geweld, terroristische aanslagen en politieke spanningen. Vakantiegangers zorgen dat ze alert zijn en bereikbaar in crisissituaties. In Egypte, de Filipijnen en Turkije zijn bovendien 'rode gebieden', waar alle reizen sterk afgeraden worden.

Zuid-Amerika en Afrika

Honduras, Colombia en Venezuela zijn onveiliger geworden door gewelddadige criminaliteit, zoals berovingen, overvallen en ontvoeringen. In Venezuela is bovendien de politieke situatie gespannen.

Mozambique en Gabon hebben door politieke onrust een negatiever reisadvies gekregen. Dat geldt ook voor Macedonië, het enige Europese land waar het onveiliger is geworden. Door de politieke crisis zijn er in de hoofdstad Skopje en andere delen van het land dagelijks protesten.

Voor meer landen wordt nu aangeraden om er alleen in noodzakelijke gevallen naartoe te reizen. Dat aantal steeg van 22 in 2015 naar 26 nu. Dit geldt bijvoorbeeld voor het grootste deel van Eritrea, Venezuela, Mali en Pakistan.

Het goede nieuws is dat minder landen zo onveilig zijn dat Buitenlandse Zaken adviseert om er helemaal niet naartoe te gaan. In 2015 gold dit advies nog voor 13 landen; nu nog voor tien landen, waaronder Jemen, Syrië en Afghanistan.

De daling heeft vooral te maken met de ebola-uitbraak in West-Afrika die nu onder controle is. Daardoor vervallen de negatieve reisadviezen voor Sierra Leone, Liberia en Guinee. Nepal werd in 2015 ontraden in verband met de zware aardbeving. Het land is nu weer een stuk veiliger.

De site van het ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken wordt gemiddeld 210.000 keer per maand geraadpleegd. Het callcenter van het ministerie krijgt daarnaast zo'n 3000 telefoontjes per dag van Nederlanders met vragen. Steeds vaker zijn het telefoontjes over familieleden die vermist lijken. In het overgrote deel van de gevallen blijkt al snel dat van vermissing geen sprake is, maar is iemand door slechte internetverbindingen een tijdje onbereikbaar.

In ongeveer zeventig gevallen per jaar blijkt er echt iemand verdwenen. Maar ook dat komt bijna altijd weer goed. In totaal moet de consulaire dienst zo'n 1000 keer per jaar echt in actie komen. Het gaat dan om Nederlanders die bijvoorbeeld zijn overvallen, overleden, vermoord, gearresteerd, vermist of in een ziekenhuis zijn opgenomen.


          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Food Tasting # 24: Final Food Tasting with Purpledish   
Attending food tasting events was probably my most favorite thing to do during our wedding preparations. In fact, I have attended more than 20 food tastings, even with caterers that weren't part of our shortlist. Ganun ako ka-adik noon. Haha. Now with less than three weeks to go, I won't have any excuse anymore to attend these events. This will probably be my last food tasting entry for this blog, so it's a bittersweet moment for me. Mamimiss ko ito.

Anyway, last February, Mox and I attended another group food tasting session with Purpledish so we could finally create our final menu. This time, the food tasting was held in Columns, Makati. At least it's much nearer to us than Paranaque. Iwas toll fees rin.

I really liked Purpledish's setup during the event. It was elegant and classy, despite having little flowers on the table. I am not really a fan of lush and high centerpieces anyway. I want our guests to see one another during dinnertime, so short centerpieces are the best.


For our cocktail hour, we were given five appetizers: Asparagus Wrapped in Smoked Bacon, Cirkulo Tofu, Eggplant Parmigiana, Sausage Bruschetta and Fresh Veggie Rolls.

Asparagus Wrapped in Smoked Bacon, Cirkulo Tofu, Egpplant Parmegiana, Sausage Bruschetta and Fresh Veggie Rolls (Clockwise)
I won't rate the others anymore as I've already tasted them before. Only the fresh veggie roll was the new appetizer in the bunch. It was the ordinary lumpia, but I thought its peanut sauce was delicious. It didn't have that strong nutty flavor, which I liked as I'm not a fan of peanuts. However, I'm not sure if this would be included in our final menu.

Then we had two choices of soup shots: Broccoli and Cheese and French Onion and Cheese. The french onion soup was our early favorite then, but when we tasted the broccoli and cheese soup, we didn't know which tasted better! It was so delicious. It was creamy, and the hint of broccoli was the perfect complement to the cheese flavor. I actually wanted to get one more soup shot because I couldn't get enough of it. :)

(L-R) Broccoli and Cheese Soup; French Onion and Cheese Soup
We also had two choices for the salad: Mango Salsa and Asian Chicken. Again, the mango salsa was our favorite, and while we thought the Asian chicken tasted okay, it didn't really surpass the mango salsa's yumminess. The mango salsa has that certain sweetness, while the Asian salad has the sourness brought by the oranges in it. Sorry, I don't have any pictures of the Asian chicken salad because my camera's battery died before they served the salad.

Mango Salsa Salad
Now on to our main dishes! Again, we didn't have any pictures of the main dishes as our camera didn't have enough battery life, so please bear with me.

We have a new fish entree for today: the Baked Fish in Lemon Garlic Butter Sauce. It was a welcome change from the Norwegian Salmon that is usually served during the food tastings. The fish is cream dory, which explains why the fish was so soft and tender. In fact it just melted in my mouth as soon as I ate it. I love it!

We also had a new pasta entree: the Creamy Veggie Fusili. Although it has a creamy white sauce, the pasta itself is not so flavorful. Apparently, it's targeted for vegetarians so it has this bland taste. Sorry, I really didn't like it. I rather have the beef and veggie lasagna than this.

For our chicken entree, we had White Chicken in Mascarpone Sauce. I really couldn't remember the taste, but it was at least different from the oil-based chicken dishes that I usually taste from the previous food tastings.

We were served two pork entrees: Herbed Roast Porkloin in Dill Cream Sauce and Pork Bourguignon. Again, I couldn't remember how both dishes tasted like, but the difference of the two is that the former has white cream sauce, while the latter has red cream sauce.

Of course, we had the usual 10 Hour Slow Roast US Beef Belly with Mushroom Wine and Caldereta Sauvignon Sauces. If you booked Purpledish's 2014 package, you get to choose two sauces for the roast beef, but since I booked their 2013 package, I only get to choose one. Better wait for my wedding to see which sauce I chose for the roast beef. Hehe.

Finally, we have the desserts: Macedonia Fruits, Bluer than Blueberry Cheescake, Strawberry Mousse Cheescake, Khamizu Cheesecake, Beco Cheesecake, Pistachio Sansrival, Mango Creme Brulee, Cream Puff, Night and Day Eclair, and Chocolate Truffles. I won't go into details anymore since these are already staples of Purpledish's food tastings. However, I have to let you know that I was very disappointed with the Mango Creme Brulee. During our very first food tasting with Purpledish, I raved about their creme brulee. I even said that it was the best I have ever tasted. But during our last food tasting, the creme brulee was very runny and bland. Mox even said it was disgusting. What a huge letdown. :(


Overall, the food tasting was a success. We were finally able to create our final menu, and we got to take home some leftovers too. Ang saya ko lang. Haha.

Photobucket


              
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          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          LE M: Ukraina i Macedonia zagrają o złoto   

W tegorocznej edycji Ligi Europejskiej wzięło udział osiem zespołów. Po rozegraniu fazy grupowej do finałowej rundy awansowała Dania, Ukraina, Macedonia oraz Szwecja. W obu meczach półfinałowych rozgrywanych w Kopenhadze potrzebne było aż pięć setów, aby wyłonić finalistów. W pierwszym meczu półfinałowym po jednej stronie siatki stanęła Szwecja, która uplasowała się na drugiej pozycji w grupie […]

Artykuł LE M: Ukraina i Macedonia zagrają o złoto opublikowany na Strefa Siatkówki - Mocny Serwis.


          ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ - ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΗΠΕΙΡΟΣ   

ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ - ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΗΠΕΙΡΟΣ

ΧΑΛΚΙΔΙΚΗ...

Η Κασσάνδρα είναι το δυτικότερο άκρο της Χαλκιδικής και βρίσκεται πιο κοντά στη Θεσσαλονίκη. Εντυπωσιακή είναι η είσοδος στην Κασσάνδρα καθώς ενώνεται με την Χαλκιδική με τη γέφυρα της Νέας Ποτίδαιας, το πρώτο χωριό που συναντά ο επισκέπτης. Στην ουσία η χερσόνησος της Κασσάνδρας είναι νησί που χωρίζεται από τη στεριά με τη διώρυγα της Ποτίδαιας, απ' όπου η πανοραμική θέα είναι εκπληκτική ιδιαίτερα το ηλιοβασίλεμα. 


Αξίζει να αναφερθεί ότι το αρχαίο όνομα της Κασσάνδρας ήταν Φλέγρα, το οποίο σημαίνει τόπος φωτιάς. Σύμφωνα με την ελληνική μυθολογία η περιοχή ήταν η πατρίδα των Γιγάντων και έγινε πεδίο μάχης κατά την εποχή των γιγαντομαχιών, όταν προσπάθησαν οι γίγαντες να διώξουν τους θεούς από τον Όλυμπο.







Αποτέλεσμα εικόνας για χαλκιδικη

Αποτέλεσμα εικόνας για χαλκιδικη

Αποτέλεσμα εικόνας για χαλκιδικη










































































































ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΕΛΛΑΔΑ - ΚΑΛΗ ΜΕΡΑ ΗΠΕΙΡΟΣ








































































          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Altro che sprechi, Alitalia (per ora) ha tagliato solo merendine e caffè   
&laquo;Cosa le posso offrire? Coca Cola o acqua?&raquo; Facciamo un flashback in poco meno di due mesi fa &laquo;Cosa posso offrirle da bere? Da mangiare dolce o salato?&raquo;. Essendo amante del salato chiedevo sempre salato ma oggi, viste le condizioni di Alitalia, la nostra compagnia di bandiera, sarebbe sicuramente più opportuno chiedere una bella macedonia! Si, perché siamo alla frutta!Vi parlo prima che da imprenditore da pilota di aeroplani, da cittadino innamorato delle due lettere AZ che anticipavano il numero di volo che leggevamo sui biglietti aerei. Innamorato del ricordo della nostra vecchia Alitalia. Innamorato dell&#39;Alitalia dei racconti di mio padre. Un&#39;Alitalia puntuale, con un servizio di bordo da fare invidia alle compagnie Emiratine di oggi. Un&#39;Alitalia che ci rendeva orgogliosi della bandiera tricolore che portava sul piano di coda negli aeroporti di tutto il mondo. La stessa Alitalia che però, ahimè, ci ha portati fino al &laquo;cosa le posso offrire? Coca Cola o acqua?&raquo;.Il problema di gestione della nostra compagnia di bandiera (o ex compagnia di bandiera visto che oggi la proprietà è Etihad e sembra avere deluso anche le aspettative emiratine) è ben distante nel tempo. Ancora per una colpa politica e non di una gestione manageriale. O forse sarebbe meglio dire che la colpa è di un&#39;influenza politica troppo influente nella gestione manageriale di una industria? Non possiamo avere una risposta chiara ma sicuramente sappiamo che negli anni &#39;80 Alitalia volava sulle Seychelles una volta a settimana e, durante quella settimana, un equipaggio si fermava in un hotel a 5 stelle a spese della nostra compagnia di bandiera. Il mio non vuole essere un banco inquisitorio ma un&#39;analisi oggettiva sul fatto che forse il risparmiare sul succo di pomodoro chiedendo ai passeggeri &laquo;cosa le posso offrire? Coca Cola o acqua?&raquo; si poteva evitare con una gestione più oculata nel passato e, nel 2017, vedo molta miopia anche nei commissari che dovrebbero tagliare in modo deciso su parte di un personale cresciuto nel clima assistenzialista e mediocre del 1980, anziché tagliare sui passeggeri che, nonostante tutto, ancora oggi pagano esuberi e stipendi.&laquo;Cosa le posso offrire? Coca Cola o acqua?&raquo;...Giordano Riellovicepresidente Giovani imprenditori di Confindustria
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
A court in Macedonia's capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal.
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          Macedonia ex-counterintelligence chief's passport seized   
SKOPJE, Macedonia (AP) -- A court in Macedonia&apos;s capital has banned a former counterintelligence chief from leaving the country and ordered his passport confiscated in connection with a wiretapping scandal....
          ALEXANDER 14K white gold mens wedding band with yellow diamond unisex ring by WingedLion   

1,155.00 USD

This magnificent ring was named after Alexander the Great, the king of the ancient Macedonian Empire, the founder of Alexandria. The band was designed by the artist and jewelry designer Sergey Zhiboedov (my husband) and myself (Natalia Moroz). It will be made to order in 14K gold in the size specified by the customer.

ALEXANDER band is adorned with elaborate carvings inspired by ancient Egyptian ornaments. The shank is 7mm wide. It features a princess cut (square) 2.5mm natural yellow diamond (0.08ct, VS). The ring on the photo is shown with antique tarnish, which adds sophistication and shows off the beautiful carvings. If you rather not have the tarnishing, please let us know.

Please note that the current price is valid for the ring size range from 7 to 11. Larger sizes are also available, but will cost more depending on the size. If ordering size larger than 11, please contact us first and we will give you a new quote.

The same design can be made in 14k white, yellow, and rose gold. Please select the gold color upon checkout. Markings on the shank: 14k for gold and the designer's trademark (SZ).

We also have a matching engagement ring - ALEXANDRIA (available with a variety of gemstones):
www.etsy.com/listing/114475763/
www.etsy.com/listing/155595156/
www.etsy.com/listing/158161568/
This listing is for the mens band only.

For the current turnaround time check our shop announcement or contact us. Please check out our “Shop Policies” at www.etsy.com/shop/WingedLion/policy for information regarding payment plans, warranties, etc. International customers are responsible for any import duties or taxes charged by the recipient's country.


          Price Drop: Pro ComboBox - Translator (Reference)   

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          For sale - queen live cd#3 nm rare orig silver factory pressed... - Auction   
Mile End South 5031, Australia
Excludes: Africa, Central America and Caribbean, Middle East, South America, Russian Federation, Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Ukraine, Vatican City State, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Macau, Taiwan, Vietnam, Bermuda, Greenland, Mexico, Saint Pierre and ...
ebay.com.au

          For sale - queen live cd#10 nm rare original silver factory... - Auction   

Mile End South 5031, Australia
Excludes: Africa, Central America and Caribbean, Middle East, South America, Russian Federation, Albania, Andorra, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Republic of, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Greece, Guernsey, Hungary, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Ukraine, Vatican City State, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Macau, Taiwan, Vietnam, Bermuda, Greenland, Mexico, Saint Pierre and ...
ebay.com.au

          2 bedroom house for sale in Glenrothes   
475
2 bedroom Villa In Excellent Condition!This 2 bedroom terraced villa is in excellent condition in the Macedonia area of Glenrothes. The unfurnished property comprises: entrance hall, bright lounge, fitted kitchen, 2 double bedrooms and family...
2 rooms fitted kitchen
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 22:56:39 +0200
          bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ... - bellingcat   

bellingcat

bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ...
bellingcat
On June 25th 2017 the German newspaper, Welt, published the latest piece by Seymour Hersh, countering the “mainstream” narrative around the April 4th 2017 ...
Intel Behind Trump's Syria Attack Questioned – ConsortiumnewsConsortium News
MINA Breaking News - Hersh: Trump launched strike on Syria based ...MINA

all 4 news articles »

          Qatar Airways ushers in new Melbourne A380 service with George Calombaris partnership   

Qatar Airways has introduced its flagship Airbus A380 on the Melbourne route as the airline continues its growth story in Australia. Melbourne is the original home for Qatar Airways in Australia, with the airline adding services to Perth, Sydney and Adelaide in recent years. 

To celebrate the new A380 service, the multiple Skytrax Airline of the Year winner has collaborated with chef and restauranteur George Calombaris to develop an impressive inflight menu featuring his signature Greek-inspired dishes for First and Business Class passengers flying between Melbourne and Doha from 1 July to 30 September 2017.

People’s taste buds change at 30,000 feet, which means the menu must pack powerful flavours. Chef Calombaris has captured this by including dishes such as healthy Hellenic grain salad, tuna, and tahini yoghurt as a cold appetiser; “Gazi” lamb moussaka as a  main course, as well as lighter options such as “Jimmy Grants” souvlaki of pastourma beef short rib, pickles and mustard aioli  and Greek Salad served with dashi yoghurt and poached prawns. Calombaris’ signature “Hellenic Republic” risogalo (Greek rice pudding with Murray River salted caramel) will provide the sweet ending to the meal.

“I am excited to team up with Qatar Airways on this project. It is the first time I am putting my food on an airline’s inflight menu. At the end of the day, we want passengers to be impressed by not only the impeccable Qatar Airways cabin crew service, the comfort of their seats and the impressive onboard lounge, but also the delicious food we will be serving them while  in the air,” said Calombaris. 

Athens is one of Qatar Airways' most popular destinations in Europe for its Melbourne-based passengers, and the airline offers one of the fastest and most convenient pathways to Greece via its state-of-the-art Hamad International Airport in Doha. Qatar Airways will further expand its footprint in Greece with the launch of its Mykonos route in 2017-18, bringing the whitewashed paradise islands closer to Australians with a convenient one-stop in Doha.

The collaboration between Qatar Airways and Calombaris is intended to mark the arrival of the A380 aircraft in Melbourne on 1 July, which will increase Qatar Airways’ current daily capacity on the Doha-Melbourne route by 44 per cent.

The A380 aircraft features a luxurious and exclusive First Class Cabin with ultra-wide seats, which recline into a flat bed, two-passenger table extension dining, and designer sleeper suits, flight slippers and amenities. Passengers travelling in Qatar Airways’ award-winning Business Class can also enjoy direct aisle access with the 1-2-1 seat configuration and a suite of entertainment options including onboard Wi-Fi, keeping them fully connected to while up in the air.

In addition, passengers in First and Business Class can relax and socialise at the on-board lounge located on the upper deck of the aircraft. The 517-seat capacity is spread across twin decks in a tri-class configuration of eight seats in First Class, 48 seats in Business Class and 461 in Economy Class, featuring world class amenities and first rate services that set it apart from other aircraft. Passengers travelling from Melbourne to London and Paris can enjoy the Qatar Airways A380 experience throughout their entire journey to these two European destinations. 

Economy Class passengers also benefit with the added spaciousness of the A380, with higher ceilings on the main deck, a wider seat configuration and design to offer more legroom plus contoured headrests. 

Passengers travelling from Melbourne can enjoy a comfortable and efficient transit through Qatar Airways’ home and hub, Hamad International Airport. The luxurious and modern airport has more than 40,000 square metres of retail space and restaurants including more than 70 retail and 30 food and beverage outlets, as well as a 25-metre swimming pool, gym, hotel and spa. Premium passengers can also enjoy resting in two award-winning lounges,the Al Safwa First Lounge and the Al Mourjan Business Lounge. The former is the first world’s first airline lounge to be accorded the Seven Star First Lounge Award by the Seven Stars Luxury Hospitality and Lifestyle Awards, famed as the ‘Oscars of Luxury’.

Travellers who would like to turn their transit into a stopover experience can also take advantage of free luxury hotel stays and complimentary transit visas offered in partnership with the Qatar Tourism Authority. Transiting passengers can explore the various highlights Doha has to offer – from the world-renowned Museum of Islamic Art to the Katara Cultural Village, or desert safaris and abustling  cosmopolitan city scape.

Known for introducing industry firsts, Qatar Airways is one of the fastest-growing airlines operating one of the youngest fleets in the world. Qatar Airways has a modern fleet of 200 aircraft flying to more than 150 key business and leisure destinations across six continents. New destinations being launched in 2017 include Nice, France; Chiang Mai, Thailand; Dublin, Ireland; and Skopje, Macedonia. 

Daily Flight Schedule: 

MELBOURNE-DOH QR905 Departs: 21:40 Arrives: 05:25 (+1)

DOH-MELBOURNE QR904 Departs: 20:10 Arrives: 19:05 (+1)

Categories: 


          2 bedroom house for sale in Glenrothes   
475
2 bedroom Villa In Excellent Condition!This 2 bedroom terraced villa is in excellent condition in the Macedonia area of Glenrothes. The unfurnished property comprises: entrance hall, bright lounge, fitted kitchen, 2 double bedrooms and family...
2 rooms fitted kitchen
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 22:56:39 +0200
          Macedonia de frutas | Blog El tv-blog de Harguindey   
Poco antes de comenzar la final europea de los sub-21 el reportero de Cuatro anunció una visita especial. Y sí, allí estaba frente a la alcachofa el presidente Rajoy. Es curioso que un político profesional y aficionado al deporte sea mucho más locuaz con las alineaciones de la selección y...
          Combat Veterans for Congress: Happy Fourth of July-----God Bless The USA   
By Capt Joseph R. John, July 2, 2017: Op Ed # 358

Each year on Independence Day, the Fourth of July, Americans celebrate, express their support for the freedoms they enjoy, and recognize the unlimited opportunities afforded them to improve their station in life, because of The Free Enterprise System.  The Fourth of July is also an opportunity for each “Patriotic American Citizen” to celebrate a second symbolic birthday. 

Countless generations of Americans fought for, and under the American Flag.  The American Flag symbolizes the unity of Americans.  The “”Flag” is flown on national holidays, above US Federal buildings, on US Military installations, on US Navy ships, over US Embassies & US Missions, by deployed US military units overseas, and by millions of Americans over their residences. The “American Flag” symbolizes the principles upon which the Founding Fathers established the Republic, and collectively signed the Declaration of Independence 241 years ago. 

On the Fourth of July, and every day, Americans citizens demonstrate their support for Military Veterans, and members of the US Armed Forces, who raised their right hand, and swore to protect and defend the US Constitution, then gallantly served in the defense of the Republic, under the American Flag. 

At one point in their lives, the members of US Armed Forces, wrote a blank check made payable to “The United States of America” for an amount “up to and including their lives.”  The courage demonstrated by Combat Veterans who served in the defense of the Republic, can be appropriately described by a quote, made in 352 BC, by King Philip of Macedonia:

                                                     “Here is courage, mankind’s finest possession.  Here is the noblest prize.”  

Kindly click on the below listed link, to listen to an outstanding presentation that is appropriate for the Fourth of July:
      

Despite the ever present threat from Radical Islamic Terrorist to disrupt Fourth of July celebrations, all Americans should respond to potential threats by flying the American Flag on the Fourth, and by joining with their fellow Americans to celebrate the Fourth of July in the same way they have done in years past.  

The Combat Veterans For Congress wish you a secure and Happy Fourth of July!!

Copyright by Capt Joseph R. John.  All Rights Reserved.  The material can only posted on another Web site or distributed on the Internet by giving full credit to the author.  It may not be published, broadcast, or rewritten without the permission from the author.  

Joseph R. John, USNA ‘62
Capt    USN(Ret)/Former FBI
Chairman, Combat Veterans For Congress PAC
2307 Fenton Parkway, Suite 107-184
San Diego, CA 92108



Then I heard the voice of the Lord, saying, “Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?” Then I said, “Here am I. Send me!”
-Isaiah 6:8

          2 bedroom house for sale in Glenrothes   
475
2 bedroom Villa In Excellent Condition!This 2 bedroom terraced villa is in excellent condition in the Macedonia area of Glenrothes. The unfurnished property comprises: entrance hall, bright lounge, fitted kitchen, 2 double bedrooms and family...
2 rooms fitted kitchen
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 16:56:39 -0400
          Skopje – 2014″ and Gypsy Architecture in Skopje (Video)   
By Vladislav Perunović, Skopje, FYROM The well-known to the Greek public “Skopje 2014“ Pseudo-Macedonian project (which shall be demolished soon by the new government) tried to hide the ugly reality that accounts for large portions of the city of Skopje. This video presents a Gypsy/Roma neighborhood in Skopje, a city that is World’s capital of […]
          2 bedroom house for sale in Glenrothes   
475
2 bedroom Villa In Excellent Condition!This 2 bedroom terraced villa is in excellent condition in the Macedonia area of Glenrothes. The unfurnished property comprises: entrance hall, bright lounge, fitted kitchen, 2 double bedrooms and family...
2 rooms fitted kitchen
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 22:56:39 +0200
          For sale - Set of 6 Plastic Red Iridescent w/Undertones of... - Auction   

Saint Helena 3088, Australia
Excludes: apo/fpo, Western Samoa, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Niue, Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Solomon Islands, Tonga, American Samoa, French Polynesia, Micronesia, Cook Islands, Nauru, Guam, Fiji, Palau, Andorra, Vatican City State, Montenegro, Albania, Svalbard and Jan Mayen, Serbia, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, San Marino, Macedonia, Moldova, Bahamas, Virgin Islands (U.S.), British Virgin ...
ebay.com.au

          2 bedroom house for sale in Glenrothes   
475
2 bedroom Villa In Excellent Condition!This 2 bedroom terraced villa is in excellent condition in the Macedonia area of Glenrothes. The unfurnished property comprises: entrance hall, bright lounge, fitted kitchen, 2 double bedrooms and family...
2 rooms fitted kitchen
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 16:56:39 -0400
          New from Victrix - Macedonian Greek Successor Heavy Cavalry   
New 28mm multipose figures from Victrix
          bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ... - bellingcat   

bellingcat

bellingcat - Will Get Fooled Again - Seymour Hersh, Welt, and the ...
bellingcat
On June 25th 2017 the German newspaper, Welt, published the latest piece by Seymour Hersh, countering the “mainstream” narrative around the April 4th 2017 ...
Intel Behind Trump's Syria Attack Questioned – ConsortiumnewsConsortium News
MINA Breaking News - Hersh: Trump launched strike on Syria based ...MINA

all 4 news articles »

          Comentario en Países y capitales de Europa (2017) por Francis   
Perdón, rectifico. Está como república de Macedonia. Enhorabuena saber es práctico, página muy útil. Gracias y disculpas de nuevo.
          Comentario en Países y capitales de Europa (2017) por Francis   
Hola a todos. No veo Macedonia. ¿Porqué?
          2 bedroom house for sale in Glenrothes   
475
2 bedroom Villa In Excellent Condition!This 2 bedroom terraced villa is in excellent condition in the Macedonia area of Glenrothes. The unfurnished property comprises: entrance hall, bright lounge, fitted kitchen, 2 double bedrooms and family...
2 rooms fitted kitchen
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 22:56:39 +0200
          UN Envoy On Macedonia-Greece Dispute Expects No Breakthrough Soon   
A United Nations envoy appointed to help Macedonia and Greece resolve their long-running dispute over the name of the former Yugoslav republic has said that he does not expect any dramatic breakthrough on the issue during the coming months.
          World of Winless War: U.S. Special Ops Forces Already Deployed to 137 Nations in 2017    
We're dealing with a political and military establishment that often appears bereft of strategic vision and hasn’t won a major war since the 1940s.

The tabs on their shoulders read “Special Forces,” “Ranger,” “Airborne.” And soon their guidon -- the “colors” of Company B, 3rd Battalion of the U.S. Army’s 7th Special Forces Group -- would be adorned with the “Bandera de Guerra,” a Colombian combat decoration.

“Today we commemorate sixteen years of a permanent fight against drugs in a ceremony where all Colombians can recognize the special counternarcotic brigade’s hard work against drug trafficking,” said Army Colonel Walther Jimenez, the commander of the Colombian military’s Special Anti-Drug Brigade, last December.  America’s most elite troops, the Special Operations forces (SOF), have worked with that Colombian unit since its creation in December 2000.  Since 2014, four teams of Special Forces soldiers have intensely monitored the brigade.  Now, they were being honored for it.

Part of a $10 billion counter-narcotics and counterterrorism program, conceived in the 1990s, special ops efforts in Colombia are a muchballyhooed American success story.  A 2015 RAND Corporation study found that the program “represents an enduring SOF partnership effort that managed to help foster a relatively professional and capable special operations force.”  And for a time, coca production in that country plummeted.  Indeed, this was the ultimate promise of America’s “Plan Colombia” and efforts that followed from it.  “Over the longer haul, we can expect to see more effective drug eradication and increased interdiction of illicit drug shipments,” President Bill Clinton predicted in January 2000.

Today, however, more than 460,000 acres of the Colombian countryside are blanketed with coca plants, more than during the 1980s heyday of the infamous cocaine kingpin Pablo Escobar.  U.S. cocaine overdose deaths are also at a 10-year high and first-time cocaine use among young adults has spiked 61% since 2013.  “Recent findings suggest that cocaine use may be reemerging as a public health concern in the United States,” wrote researchers from the U.S. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration in a study published in December 2016 -- just after the Green Berets attended that ceremony in Colombia.  Cocaine, the study’s authors write, “may be making a comeback.”

Colombia is hardly an anomaly when it comes to U.S. special ops deployments -- or the results that flow from them.  For all their abilities, tactical skills, training prowess, and battlefield accomplishments, the capacity of U.S. Special Operations forces to achieve decisive and enduring successes -- strategic victories that serve U.S. national interests -- have proved to be exceptionally limited, a reality laid bare from Afghanistan to Iraq, Yemen to the Philippines. 

The fault for this lies not with the troops themselves, but with a political and military establishment that often appears bereft of strategic vision and hasn’t won a major war since the 1940s.  Into this breach, elite U.S. forces are deployed again and again. While special ops commanders may raise concerns about the tempo of operations and strains on the force, they have failed to grapple with larger questions about the raison d'être of SOF, while Washington’s oversight establishment, notably the House and Senate Armed Services Committees, have consistently failed to so much as ask hard questions about the strategic utility of America’s Special Operations forces.

Special Ops at War

“We operate and fight in every corner of the world,” boasts General Raymond Thomas, the chief of U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM or SOCOM).  “On a daily basis, we sustain a deployed or forward stationed force of approximately 8,000 across 80-plus countries.  They are conducting the entire range of SOF missions in both combat and non-combat situations.”  Those numbers, however, only hint at the true size and scope of this global special ops effort.  Last year, America’s most elite forces conducted missions in 138 countries -- roughly 70% of the nations on the planet, according to figures supplied to TomDispatch by U.S. Special Operations Command.  Halfway through 2017, U.S. commandos have already been deployed to an astonishing 137 countries, according to SOCOM spokesman Ken McGraw. 

Special Operations Command is tasked with carrying out 12 core missions, ranging from counterinsurgency and unconventional warfare to hostage rescue and countering the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction.  Counterterrorism -- fighting what the command calls violent extremist organizations (VEOs) -- may, however, be what America’s elite forces have become best known for in the post-9/11 era.  “The threat posed by VEOs remains the highest priority for USSOCOM in both focus and effort,” says Thomas.

“Special Operations Forces are the main effort, or major supporting effort for U.S. VEO-focused operations in Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Somalia, Libya, across the Sahel of Africa, the Philippines, and Central/South America -- essentially, everywhere Al Qaeda (AQ) and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) are to be found...”

More special operators are deployed to the Middle East than to any other region.  Significant numbers of them are advising Iraqi government forces and Iraqi Kurdish soldiers as well as Kurdish YPG (Popular Protection Unit) fighters and various ethnic Arab forces in Syria, according to Linda Robinson, a senior international policy analyst with the RAND Corporation who spent seven weeks in Iraq, Syria, and neighboring countries earlier this year. 

During a visit to Qayyarah, Iraq -- a staging area for the campaign to free Mosul, formerly Iraq’s second largest city, from the control of Islamic State fighters -- Robinson “saw a recently installed U.S. military medical unit and its ICU set up in tents on the base.”  In a type of mission seldom reported on, special ops surgeons, nurses, and other specialists put their skills to work on far-flung battlefields not only to save American lives, but to prop up allied proxy forces that have limited medical capabilities.  For example, an Air Force Special Operations Surgical Team recently spent eight weeks deployed at an undisclosed location in the Iraq-Syria theater, treating 750 war-injured patients.  Operating out of an abandoned one-story home within earshot of a battlefield, the specially trained airmen worked through a total of 19 mass casualty incidents and more than 400 individual gunshot or blast injuries.

When not saving lives in Iraq and Syria, elite U.S. forces are frequently involved in efforts to take them.  “U.S. SOF are... being thrust into a new role of coordinating fire support,” wrote Robinson. “This fire support is even more important to the Syrian Democratic Forces, a far more lightly armed irregular force which constitutes the major ground force fighting ISIS in Syria.”  In fact, a video shot earlier this year, analyzed by the Washington Post, shows special operators “acting as an observation element for what appears to be U.S. airstrikes carried out by A-10 ground attack aircraft” to support Syrian Democratic Forces fighting for the town of Shadadi.

Africa now ranks second when it comes to the deployment of special operators thanks to the exponential growth in missions there in recent years.  Just 3% of U.S. commandos deployed overseas were sent to Africa in 2010.  Now that number stands at more than 17%, according to SOCOM data.  Last year, U.S. Special Operations forces were deployed to 32 African nations, about 60% of the countries on the continent.  As I recently reported at VICE News, at any given time, Navy SEALs, Green Berets, and other special operators are now conducting nearly 100 missions across 20 African countries.

In May, for instance, Navy SEALs were engaged in an “advise and assist operation” alongside members of Somalia’s army and came under attack.  SEAL Kyle Milliken was killed and two other U.S. personnel were injured during a firefight that also, according to AFRICOM spokesperson Robyn Mack, left three al-Shabaab militants dead.  U.S. forces are also deployed in Libya to gather intelligence in order to carry out strikes of opportunity against Islamic State forces there.  While operations in Central Africa against the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), a brutal militia that has terrorized the region for decades, wound down recently, a U.S. commando reportedly killed a member of the LRA as recently as April. 

Spring Training

What General Thomas calls “building partner nations’ capacity” forms the backbone of the global activities of his command.  Day in, day out, America’s most elite troops carry out such training missions to sharpen their skills and those of their allies and of proxy forces across the planet. 

This January, for example, Green Berets and Japanese paratroopers carried out airborne training near Chiba, Japan.  February saw Green Berets at Sanaa Training Center in northwest Syria advising recruits for the Manbij Military Council, a female fighting force of Kurds, Arabs, Christians, Turkmen, and Yazidis.  In March, snowmobiling Green Berets joined local forces for cold-weather military drills in Lapland, Finland.  That same month, special operators and more than 3,000 troops from Canada, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Kosovo, Latvia, Macedonia, the Netherlands, Slovenia, and the United Kingdom took part in tactical training in Germany.

In the waters off Kuwait, special operators joined elite forces from the Gulf Cooperation Council nations in conducting drills simulating a rapid response to the hijacking of an oil tanker.  In April, special ops troops traveled to Serbia to train alongside a local special anti-terrorist unit.  In May, members of Combined Joint Special Operations Task Force-Iraq carried out training exercises with Iraqi special operations forces near Baghdad. That same month, 7,200 military personnel, including U.S. Air Force Special Tactics airmen, Italian special operations forces, members of host nation Jordan’s Special Task Force, and troops from more than a dozen other nations took part in Exercise Eager Lion, practicing everything from assaulting compounds to cyber-defense.  For their part, a group of SEALs conducted dive training alongside Greek special operations forces in Souda Bay, Greece, while others joined NATO troops in Germany as part of Exercise Saber Junction 17 for training in land operations, including mock “behind enemy lines missions” in a “simulated European village.” 

#Winning

"We have been at the forefront of national security operations for the past three decades, to include continuous combat over the past 15-and-a-half years," SOCOM’s Thomas told the House Armed Services Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities last month.  “This historic period has been the backdrop for some of our greatest successes, as well as the source of our greatest challenge, which is the sustained readiness of this magnificent force.”  Yet, for all their magnificence and all those successes, for all the celebratory ceremonies they’ve attended, the wars, interventions, and other actions for which they’ve served as the tip of the American spear have largely foundered, floundered, or failed. 

After their initial tactical successes in Afghanistan in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, America’s elite operators became victims of Washington’s failure to declare victory and go home.  As a result, for the last 15 years, U.S. commandos have been raiding homes, calling in air strikes, training local forces, and waging a relentless battle against a growing list of terror groups in that country.  For all their efforts, as well as those of their conventional military brethren and local Afghan allies, the war is now, according to the top U.S. commander in the Middle East, a “stalemate.”  That’s a polite way of saying what a recent report to Congress by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction found: districts that are contested or under “insurgent control or influence” have risen from an already remarkable 28% in 2015 to 40%.

The war in Afghanistan began with efforts to capture or kill al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden.  Having failed in this post-9/11 mission, America’s elite forces spun their wheels for the next decade when it came to his fate.  Finally, in 2011, Navy SEALs cornered him in his long-time home in Pakistan and gunned him down.  Ever since, special operators who carried out the mission and Washington power-players (not to mention Hollywood) have been touting this single tactical success.

In an Esquire interview, Robert O'Neill, the SEAL who put two bullets in bin Laden’s head, confessed that he joined the Navy due to frustration over an early crush, a puppy-love pique.  “That's the reason al-Qaeda has been decimated,” he joked, “because she broke my fucking heart.”  But al-Qaeda was not decimated -- far from it according to Ali Soufan, a former F.B.I. special agent and the author of Anatomy of Terror: From the Death of Bin Laden to the Rise of the Islamic State.  As he recently observed, “Whereas on 9/11 al-Qaeda had a few hundred members, almost all of them based in a single country, today it enjoys multiple safe havens across the world.”  In fact, he points out, the terror group has gained strength since bin Laden’s death.

Year after year, U.S. special operators find themselves fighting new waves of militants across multiple continents, including entire terror groups that didn’t exist on 9/11.  All U.S. forces killed in Afghanistan in 2017 have reportedly died battling an Islamic State franchise, which began operations there just two years ago. 

The U.S. invasion of Iraq, to take another example, led to the meteoric rise of an al-Qaeda affiliate which, in turn, led the military's secretive Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC) -- the elite of America’s special ops elite -- to create a veritable manhunting machine designed to kill its leader Abu Musab al-Zarqawi and take down the organization.  As with bin Laden, special operators finally did find and eliminate Zarqawi, battering his organization in the process, but it was never wiped out.  Left behind were battle-hardened elements that later formed the Islamic State and did what al-Qaeda never could: take and hold huge swaths of territory in two nations.  Meanwhile, al-Qaeda’s Syrian branch grew into a separate force of more than 20,000. 

In Yemen, after more than a decade of low-profile special ops engagement, that country teeters on the brink of collapse in the face of a U.S.-backed Saudi war there.  Continued U.S. special ops missions in that country, recently on the rise, have seemingly done nothing to alter the situation.  Similarly, in Somalia in the Horn of Africa, America’s elite forces remain embroiled in an endless war against militants. 

In 2011, President Obama launched Operation Observant Compass, sending Special Operations forces to aid Central African proxies in an effort to capture or kill Joseph Kony and decimate his murderous Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), then estimated to number 150 to 300 armed fighters.  After the better part of a decade and nearly $800 million spent, 150 U.S. commandos were withdrawn this spring and U.S. officials attended a ceremony to commemorate the end of the mission.  Kony was, however, never captured or killed and the LRA is now estimated to number about 150 to 250 fighters, essentially the same size as when the operation began.

This string of futility extends to Asia as well.  “U.S. Special Forces have been providing support and assistance in the southern Philippines for many years, at the request of several different Filipino administrations,” Emma Nagy, a spokesperson for the U.S. embassy in Manilla, pointed out earlier this month.  Indeed, a decade-plus-long special ops effort there has been hailed as a major success.  Operation Enduring Freedom-Philippines, wrote RAND analyst Linda Robinson late last year in the Pentagon journal Prism, “was aimed at enabling the Philippine security forces to combat transnational terrorist groups in the restive southern region of Mindanao.” 

A 2016 RAND report co-authored by Robinson concluded that “the activities of the U.S. SOF enabled the Philippine government to substantially reduce the transnational terrorist threat in the southern Philippines.” This May, however, Islamist militants overran Marawi City, a major urban center on Mindanao.  They have been holding on to parts of it for weeks despite a determined assault by Filipino troops backed by U.S. Special Operations forces.  In the process, large swaths of the city have been reduced to rubble.

Running on Empty

America’s elite forces, General Thomas told members of Congress last month, “are fully committed to winning the current and future fights.”  In reality, though, from war to war, intervention to intervention, from the Anti-Drug Brigade ceremony in Florencia, Colombia, to the end-of-the-Kony-hunt observance in Obo in the Central African Republic, there is remarkably little evidence that even enduring efforts by Special Operations forces result in strategic victories or improved national security outcomes.  And yet, despite such boots-on-the-ground realities, America’s special ops forces and their missions only grow.

“We are... grateful for the support of Congress for the required resourcing that, in turn, has produced a SOCOM which is relevant to all the current and enduring threats facing the nation,” Thomas told the Senate Armed Services Committee in May.  Resourcing has, indeed, been readily available.  SOCOM’s annual budget has jumped from $3 billion in 2001 to more than $10 billion today.  Oversight, however, has been seriously lacking.  Not a single member of the House or Senate Armed Services Committees has questioned why, after more than 15 years of constant warfare, winning the “current fight” has proven so elusive.  None of them has suggested that “support” from Congress ought to be reconsidered in the face of setbacks from Afghanistan to Iraq, Colombia to Central Africa, Yemen to the southern Philippines.  

In the waning days of George W. Bush’s administration, Special Operations forces were reportedly deployed to about 60 nations around the world.  By 2011, under President Barack Obama, that number had swelled to 120.  During this first half-year of the Trump administration, U.S. commandos have already been sent to 137 countries, with elite troops now enmeshed in conflicts from Africa to Asia.  “Most SOF units are employed to their sustainable limit,” Thomas told members of the House Armed Services Committee last month.  In fact, current and former members of the command have, for some time, been sounding the alarm about the level of strain on the force. 

These deployment levels and a lack of meaningful strategic results from them have not, however, led Washington to raise fundamental questions about the ways the U.S. employs its elite forces, much less about SOCOM’s raison d'être.  “We are a command at war and will remain so for the foreseeable future,” SOCOM’s Thomas explained to the Senate Armed Services Committee.  Not one member asked why or to what end. 

 

 

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