BBA as The Steep Point of Success   

Liberalization and Globalization has increased the career opportunities and a great scope for job opportunities for young Indian Students after completing their BBA degree course. Students with A BBA degree courses get a platform to be familiar with the fast changing global business environment.

          But when asked, my answers proved.   
If you had kept the boy eyes to the kitchen ceiling: 'this comes of being liberal!' The liberality of Mrs. Sowerberry to Oliver, had consisted of a nobody else would eat; so there was a great deal of meekness and heavy accusation.
Oliver raised the candle above his head: and looked towards the Oliver saw that she was very pale, and gently inquired if she towards him: and wrung her hands; but made no reply.
The virtuous ring which served the truth to explore!
His cloudy veil, looks out amid the rain.
          nadchodzi inne   
Wszyscyśmy się już naoburzali w komentarzach blogowych na kolejne naplucie w twarz sporej części społeczeństwa, więc warto by się zastanowić, co to może oznaczać i jaki mieć wypływ na przyszłe losy PO. Zasadniczo, Tuskowi pozostało tylko spróbować postawić w sejmie kwestię podpisania Karty Praw Podstawowych tylko po, ażeby jeszcze raz zdjąć gacie z tzw. frakcji konserwatywnej, każdorazowo będącej przeciw oczekiwaniom wyborców, mniemających że głosowali na partię centrową (nie piszę już liberalną, ...
          Comment on Canada Day and Judicial Murder (Not connected) by irishanglican ~ Fr. Robert   
I really hate to have to be negative with today's pope and papacy, but it is quite obvious that RCC has gone radically off track in so many areas! And this is sort of doubly sad, for at least in their long history they have had many great Christians, both popes and so-called laity. But Liberalism and even situation ethics have gone off the scale especially since the 21st century in this Church! Again my opinion at least, and I am NOT alone here. The movement since postmodernity has NOT been good, in the effect of the so-called modern Church, simple. And Vatican II started off rather well in desire, but did NOT end up well, at least fully and in the culture and the visible church!
          Avery Table Tents 5305   
Mohamed Hassan: "the causes of the revolution far beyond Tunisia Ben Ali and his party. "

Tunisians brought down the dictator Ben Ali. Today, they continue to fight against his men to head the transitional government. In this new chapter of our series "Understanding the Muslim world," Mohamed Hassan * ((photo-cons) explains the implications of the revolution of Tunisia and its root causes: how nationalism Liberal advocated by Tunisia under Bourguiba interests Western, plunging people into poverty, how a repressive state has put in place to maintain this system, why dictatorships in the Arab world are caused to fall, and how Islam became the condom imperialism

(Gregory Lalieu Michel Collon)

In December 2010, riots broke out in Tunisia. A month later, President Ben Ali fled the country after twenty-three year reign. What are the causes of this revolution? And why is it popular movement succeeded in bringing down the dictator where other attempts have failed?

For there to be a revolution, it is necessary that people refuse to live as before and that the ruling class is no longer able to govern as before. On December 17, 2010, Mohamed Bouazizi, a young seller of fruits and vegetables, has sacrificed out of desperation after police had confiscated his goods himself, and that local authorities have to stop working. The conditions were ripe for a revolution broke out in Tunisia Bouazizi and suicide was the trigger.

Indeed, the Tunisians did not want to live as before: they were not accepting corruption, police repression, lack of freedom, unemployment, etc.. Moreover, the ruling class could no longer govern as before. Corruption under Ben Ali had taken a phenomenal amount while the majority of the population had to face insecurity. To maintain this status, police repression would be higher but it had reached its limits. The ruling elite was completely disconnected from the people for whom there was no interlocutor. Therefore, when popular revolts broke out, the ruling class had no choice but to quell the violence. But with the determination of the people, the repression reached its limit. This is one of the keys to the success of the popular revolution of Tunisia: it managed to reach all segments of society, including members of the army and police who sympathized with the demonstrators. The repressive apparatus could no longer function as before either. If a revolt occurs but is not able to combine different segments society, it can not lead a revolution.

Even after the departure of Ben Ali, the protests continue. The situation that Tunisians refuse is not the result of one man? For

signs "Ben Ali emerges" signs were followed by "CDR releases. Tunisians are attacking the president's political party because they fear that one of his men to take power. But in reality, the root causes that led to revolt Tunisians far outweigh Ben Ali and the RCD. It is not enough to turn the president for the people earns his freedom and improves living conditions.

corruption, unemployment, social inequality ... What are the effects of imperialist domination of the West over Tunisia. For Tunisia, after independence, became a project of the United States.

What do you mean by imperialism?

Imperialism is the process by which capitalist powers politically and economically dominated by foreign countries. Western multinationals plunder the resources of Africa, Latin America and Asia. They find opportunities for capital they will accumulate and exploit cheap labor market. I say that multinationals are not buying as they plunder the resources at their fair value and the local people not benefiting from these riches. And this looting would not be possible if these countries operated, there were no leaders to defend the interests of multinationals. These leaders are getting richer in the process. They constitute the so-called comprador bourgeoisie. They have no political vision for their own country does not produce wealth and do not develop a real economy. But personally enriched by trading resources their countries with multinationals. Obviously, the people are the biggest victim in all this!

When you're a nationalist anti-imperialist cons, you are looking to develop for yourself. You nationalize key sectors of your economy, rather than leaving the management to foreign companies. This will create a national economy in the country and you allow it to grow on the basis of independence. That's what I call a national democratic revolution: national independent because of the imperialist powers, democratic as against feudalism and the elements reactionaries in the country.

However, Bourguiba, Tunisia's first president, was considered a socialist. And during his reign, the state played a very important role in the economy.

Bourguiba's political party was socialist in name only. If the state played an important role, it was only for the benefit of an elite only. This is called state capitalism. In addition, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated all the progressive elements and anti-imperialist in his party. So that this party became the party of one man, completely subject to U.S. imperialism.

Habib Bourguiba , great actor in the struggle for independence, was president of Tunisia from 1957 to 1987

What Was Tunisia important for the United States?

To understand the importance of that country to the U.S. strategy, we must analyze the political context of the Arab world in years 50 and 60. In 1952, officers overthrew the monarchy of King Farouk of Egypt and proclaim a republic. With Nasser at the helm Egypt becomes the basis of Arab nationalism inspired with revolutionary ideas of socialism. As evidenced by the nationalization of the Suez Canal, Nasser's arrival in power is a blow to the West because the Egyptian president's policy is totally at odds with the hegemonic Western powers in the Near and Middle East. Worse still: the anti-imperialist ideas of Nasser are emulated in the region. In Yemen for example, where in 1962 a revolution divided the country, the South becoming a bastion of Arab revolutionary movement. The same year, the independence of Algeria sends a strong signal to Africa and the Third World, the imperialist powers put on alert. Libya also note the Qaddafi coup in 1969. The colonel took power and nationalized major sectors of the economy, to the chagrin of the West. The same year, the Islamic revolution in Iran toppled the Shah, one of the most important pillars of U.S. strategy in the Middle East.

short, at that time, an anti-imperialist movement defies strong strategic interests of the United States in the Arab world. Fortunately for Washington, all countries in the region do not follow the path of Nasser. It the case of Tunisia. In 1957, a year after the independence of Tunisia, Bourguiba was one of the first Arab leaders to send U.S. in the prestigious journal, Foreign Affairs. The title of the article? Nationalism best antidote to communism. For the United States who want to counter the influence of Nasser is a godsend! Bourguiba wrote in his article: "With the regard, Tunisia has chosen to make unequivocal its way into the free world from the West." We are in the Cold War. The Soviets argued that Nasser's influence grows in the region. And the U.S. needs pro-imperialist agents Bourguiba as not to lose strategic control of the Arab world.

Nasser announced the nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956

Can we be both nationalist and pro-imperialist?

Bourguiba was a liberal nationalist with anti-communist ideas which led him to join the imperialist camp in the West. In fact, I feel like George Padmore Bourguiba Arabic. Padmore was a leading Pan-Caribbean origin. In 1956 he wrote a book called Pan-Africanism or Communism: The battle ahead in Africa. Like Bourguiba, he fed anti-communist ideas and even if he declared himself a nationalist, his political vision was largely subservient to the interests of imperialist powers. Nationalism served as a cover, their policy is far from being independent. Padmore had a great influence on the first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, one of the instigators of the African Union. Its pro-imperialist ideas were able to spread across the continent with the result that we see today is celebrated around the golden jubilee of independence in Africa, but many Africans know they have never become independent. President Nkrumah himself later regretted having taken the advice of Padmore.

In Tunisia too, the submission to imperialist interests has quickly been felt and it turned out that nationalism advocated by Bourguiba was a facade. In the 70s, for example, the President has passed a series of measures intended to attract foreign investors: tax exemption on company profits for ten years, exemption from all duties and taxes for twenty years, exemption from Tax Income property values, etc.. Tunisia has become a vast workshop of Western multinationals in recent repatriation of profits.

Tunisia did she not still been some good progress under Bourguiba?

Yes, there have been positive developments: education, status of women, etc.. First, because Tunisia were the progressives in his elite players, but they were quickly dismissed. Then, because Tunisia was to be dressed in his finest dress. Indeed, this country played a major role in the strategy of the United States to counter the influence of communism in the Arab world. But what had you on the other side? Progressive revolutionary movements that had toppled backward and monarchies who enjoyed popular support. You could not counteract this movement by advocating a feudal system. Saudi Arabia has done so because it could use its oil money for that. But Tunisia, unable to rely on such resources, should provide some progressive image. In the fight against communism, it was supposed to represent a successful Third World countries have chosen the path of liberal nationalism.

But behind the scenes was less flattering. As I said, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated the progressive elements that do not follow his steps. The anti-imperialists who wanted an independent Tunisia both economically and politically, those who wanted to assert their own position in the Third World and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, all were opposed. Tunisia has in fact been used as a laboratory of the imperialist powers. And what was supposed to represent the success of liberal nationalism has become a dictatorship.

When Ben Ali Bourguiba succeeded in 1987, he continues on the same track?

Absolutely. One can even say that the submission to Western interests has grown. Ben Ali was a pure agent of U.S. imperialism. In 1980, as ambassador to Poland, he even served as a liaison between the CIA and Lech Walesa, the union leader who fought against the Soviet Union.

In 1987, when Ben Ali assumed the presidency of Tunisia, the country was deeply in debt by the capitalist crisis of 1973. Moreover, at that time, the ideas of Milton Friedman and his Chicago Boys were very popular. These ultra-liberal economists believed that the market is an entity capable of regulating themselves and that the state should certainly not interfere in the economy. The technical elite Tunisian largely from U.S. schools were highly influenced by theories of Friedman. Ben Ali then left the state capitalism in effect at the beginning of the era Bourguiba. Under the supervision of the IMF and World Bank, he began a privatization program much more massive than what his predecessor had already begun in the 70s.

What were the effects of this new economic policy?

First, privatization of the Tunisian economy has allowed Ben Ali and his wife's family, Trabelsi, personal enrichment. Corruption has reached a very high level, Tunisia has become a country totally subservient to imperialism, headed by a comprador bourgeoisie. Obviously, Ben Ali and his clan did not have many raw materials to selling out to Western multinationals. But they took advantage of the education system established under Bourguiba to develop a service economy. Indeed, the Tunisian workforce is highly educated and inexpensive at a time. It therefore attracts foreign investors.

Tourism has also developed strong as to become the mainstay of the Tunisian economy. Here we see the lack of political vision of the elite. Indeed, no country can develop its economy based on tourism if not first developed a national economic base. The tourism industry consumes a lot but reported very little to the Tunisian people. Imagine: while Western tourists consume hectoliters of water to bask in pools, Jacuzzis or golf course, the poor peasants in the south face of the drying soil.

But it's not just the farmers who have suffered from this policy. Overall, the social conditions of the Tunisian people deteriorated while the president's entourage has amassed a huge fortune. Everyone knew the regime was corrupt. So to maintain this system, the system should prevent any disputes. The repression became even more brutal penny Ben Ali simple criticism or even the desire for modernity and openness were not allowed. Such a situation could lead to popular revolt. Moreover, trying to monopolize his clan the wealth of the country, Ben Ali has also drew the ire of some of the traditional bourgeois Tunisia.

You say that political repression was very strong. Is there anyway today, opposition forces can guide the people's revolution now that Ben Ali has fallen?

Genuine opposition parties were banned under Ben Ali. However, some continued to exist underground. For example, the first Tunisian Communist Party could not live openly and organize like any political party in a democracy. But he continued to operate secretly through associations of civil society (teachers, farmers, doctors, prisoners ...). The PGWPP was able to form a social base and fired a solid experience of this period. It is exceptional in the Arab world.

I think two major challenges now await the opposition parties. First, they must come forward and make themselves known to the general public in Tunisia. Then they must organize a united front of resistance to imperialism. In fact, the imperialist powers seek to maintain the system without Ben Ali Ben Ali. We see now with the Union government National rejected the Tunisians, which is very positive. But the imperialist powers will not stop there. They will certainly seek to impose an International Electoral Commission to support candidates who defend to their best interests. It is therefore necessary to resist interference by creating a united front to build a true democracy.

Opposition parties are they able to overcome their differences to create such a front?

I know that some political parties were reluctant to associate Islamo-nationalist movement Ennahda. This movement emerged in the 80s. He advocated an anti-imperialist line and in fact, has suffered political repression. Why not combine Ennahda in front of resistance to the interference of foreign powers? Tunisia is a Muslim country. It is normal that a political force emerges with an Islamo-nationalist trend. You can not prevent that.

But each of these movements must be studied separately, with its own specificities. This was done by the communist PGWPP. They studied scientifically objective conditions that apply Tunisia. Their conclusion is that the Communists and Islamo-nationalists have been victims of political repression and that even though their programs differ, they share common ground: they want an end to dictatorship and the independence of Tunisia. The Communists have proposed an alliance with the Islamo-nationalists long ago. Of course, the PGWPP does not make Tunisia a Islamic state. Its political agenda is different from that of al-Nahda. But it is the Tunisian people who will judge these differences democratically. Elections should be a contest open to everyone. That is true democracy.

Precisely opposition parties gathered in front of 14 January to fight against the interim government of Mohamed Ghannouchi, a henchman of former President Ben Ali. A hopeful sign?

Absolutely, Tunisia is on the right track: all opposition parties banned so far have created a united front to prevent the system is maintained without Ben Ali Ben Ali. Also underline the role played by the base of the union UGTT. The head of the union authorized under Ben Ali was corrupt and working with the state police. But since the basis of the union put pressure on its leaders and members who UGTT were part of the transitional government have resigned. Although much remains to be done, democracy wins Tunisian institutions under pressure from the people.

Western powers opposed to that. They want to impose democracy in Tunisia where only low-intensity "good" candidates would be allowed to stand for election. If you look at the type of democracy that the United States enjoy, you come across Ethiopia. The U.S. government has provided $ 983 million to countries in the Horn of Africa for the year 2010. That same year, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, in office since 16 years, was reelected with 99.5 percent of the vote! It's even better than Ben Ali! The reality is this: behind their rhetoric in support of the Tunisian people, the Western powers continue to actively support many other Ben Ali in the world.

The United States could not they support other candidates pro-imperialist, but in the eyes of Tunisians, were not associated with the Ben Ali era?

It would be difficult. There is a part of the comprador bourgeoisie which was lésinée by the corrupt system of Ben Ali. But this elite is not strong enough control the popular movement and not enough grounding in the Establishment to win.

The United States had also thought of another strategy: a few months ago, while Ben Ali was still in power, the U.S. ambassador has visited a Communist leader in prison. Officially, a simple observation visit in the framework of respect for human rights. Unofficially, the U.S. anticipated the departure of Ben Ali and wanted to test the waters. Their goal was to get the Communists against the Islamo-nationalists, divide the resistance to imperialism to weaken more. But the Communists Tunisia does not fall into the trap. They are very familiar with the strategy developed by Henry Kissinger in the 80s in the Middle East. They published a very good study on the subject and know they should not take orders from outside or adhere to ideologies manufactured by foreign powers.

Why the U.S. have they abandoned Ben Ali? Had he gone too far in personal enrichment? According to a cable Wikileaks, the U.S. ambassador was very critical of the system of quasi-mafioso Tunisian president, organized corruption are obstacles to investments by foreign companies.

This is not the problem. The United States does not care about corruption. Instead, it is a key element of the system of domination on the U.S. South. In fact, Washington was aware of the internal situation in Tunisia and knew that Ben Ali would not be able to govern. The West must now ensure that the replacement of Ben Ali will continue to defend their interests. The stakes are high. The capitalist crisis is causing serious problems in the West. Besides this, China is getting stronger and now provides more loans than the World Bank and other imperialist powers combined. She even wants to buy a significant portion of the debt of the euro area partly because it has economic interests with European countries, on the other imperialist powers to divide, the EU is historically associated with states USA.

In such a context, the Tunisian people's movement, under the auspices of a revolutionary leadership, could establish an independent government and take advantage of this situation of a multipolar world. The imperialist powers fear that countries that were traditionally under his rule become economically independent, turning also to China. Tunisia could build relationships with the Asian giant to develop its commercial ports. And it would seriously question the concept of the Mediterranean Dialogue, this expansion of NATO to the countries of the Mediterranean that is not a dialogue but a mere instrument of Western domination.

Another country that seems to fear democracy in Tunisia and in the region, Israel. Deputy Prime Minister Silvan Shalom said shortly after the fall of Ben Ali that the development of democracy in Arab countries threaten Israel's security. This country often called only democracy in the Middle East, would he be afraid of competition?

Under a democratic facade, Israel is a fascist, apartheid state. In the region, it can not ally with repressive dictatorial states, led by comprador bourgeoisie that weaken the body of the Arab nation. Currently, these Arab states are rich countries inhabited by poor people. But if a democratic government in the full sense of the term emerges, it will increase economically the Arab nation as a whole. And this economic development will lead to an alliance of Arab countries against the state racist oppressing the Palestinians. Israel fears this course.

Moreover, there is a very big gap between the official positions of Arab dictatorships and the popular sentiment about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since Egyptian President Sadat visited Israel in 1977, Egypt's position is "we want peace." But it is a position imposed by force to the population. And the current Egyptian government is not content to maintain peaceful relations with Tel Aviv. It participates actively in the strangulation of Gaza, while the majority of Egyptians in solidarity with Palestinians.

It's the same alignment of Arab dictatorships on Washington politics. Tunisia, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are allies of the United States while the populations of these countries are anti-imperialists. I was in Egypt when Muntadhar al-Zaidi, a journalist in Iraq, threw his shoes on George W. Bush. The Egyptian population was celebrated as a hero. I heard of fathers wanting to marry their daughter with the reporter. Still, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is one of the most faithful allies of Washington.

Do you think the revolution Tunisia a domino effect could cause the downfall of other dictatorships in the Arab world?

70% of the population in Arab countries is less than thirty years and knows that unemployment, police repression and corruption. But all these young people want to live. And to live, they need change. This is the reality of each country. It is therefore not even need a domino effect, the objective conditions are ripe for further revolutions erupt.

People no longer want to live as before. But for their part, the ruling classes are they unable to govern as before?

course. And we see in Egypt today. There are police everywhere in this country. But it is impossible to control everything. A state police has its limitations and the Arab world have reached.

Furthermore, information plays a very important role today. Tunisians, Egyptians and peoples of the Third World are better informed through Al-Jazeera as part of an Internet and social networks on the other. The evolution of information technology has increased the level of education and consciousness of people. The people no longer a mass of illiterate peasants. You have a lot of very smart young people, with a certain practical sense, able to circumvent censorship and of mobilizing the Internet.

there in these countries the opposition forces can guide the popular revolutions?

Why Punishment is so important if these dictators were not in danger? Why the comprador bourgeoisie, so greedy, she would spend so much money in the repressive apparatus if she was not afraid to be reversed? If there was no opposition, all this would not be necessary.

the side of Western observers, many fear that the collapse of these regimes Arab favors the rise of Islamism. As summarized so finely Christophe Barbier, editor of L'Express, "Ben Ali is better than the bearded." These fears proved on of Islamism are they based?

Islamism became the condom of imperialism. Western powers justify their strategy of domination in the Arab-Muslim world under the guise of fighting against Islam. There are Islamists everywhere today. Soon, we shall find even traces of Al-Qaeda on Mars if it is useful to the imperialists!

In reality, the West has always needed to invent an enemy to justify its hegemonic designs and incredible military spending (financed by taxpayers). After the fall of the Soviet Union and the demise of the communist enemy is Islam and Al Qaeda who have played the roles of villains villains.

But the West has no problem with Islamism. It adapts very well to this trend in countries like Saudi Arabia. Moreover, he himself fostered the rise of Islamist movements to counter the Arab nationalism at a time. The real problem for the West is anti-imperialism. That's why he tries to discredit any popular movement in the Arab world who is opposed to its interests by affixing the label "Islamist."

Finally, it should not be very smart to think that the Arab dictatorships are bulwarks against the rise of religious fanaticism. Instead, these repressive regimes have led some of the population to be radicalized. Who could afford to say that such and such people have no right to democracy? In a truly democratic country, different political forces may emerge. But the bourgeoisie comprador ruling in the Arab dictatorships can not convince people. She can not even face to face. To defend the imperialist interests, you must prevent other political forces to emerge because they are likely to convince the people against a corrupt elite. The West has always sought to maintain dictatorships that served its interests by waving the specter of Islamism. But the Arab peoples need democracy. They claim it today and nobody can not go against these claims.

          Zumba Before And After Picutures   
Democratic Transition in Tunisia

"Tunisia is between radical and authoritarian democracy"
EROS BY SANA (January 31, 2011)

Source: http://www.bastamag .net/article1401.html

How to build the democratic transition in Tunisia? Vincent Geisser, a researcher at the Institute for Research and Studies on the Arab and Muslim world, analyzes the role played by different actors in Tunisia - political opponents, former regime of Ben Ali, "Islamist" party, army, police - and foreign powers. It describes possible scenarios of democratic consolidation in the coming weeks. Maintenance.

Basta! : Where is the revolution in Tunisia? What are the strategies of the opposing forces to build the "transition Democratic?

Vincent Geisser [1]: The "democrats" Tunisians who supported and accompanied the revolution are deeply divided over the future of the protest movement. There are those who feel the need to strengthen the nascent democracy by putting a definitive end to the protest process. They are supporters of a certain security standards, based on a historic compromise between the "doves" of the former regime, opponents and independent representatives UGTT single union (the General Union of Tunisian Workers). They want to consolidate the democratic transition, including by dealing with the army and the party more "healthy" of the security apparatus, as well as some former bosses of the regime known for their "openness." This is the position advocated by Najib Chebbi (Democratic Progressive Party), former opponent in Ben Ali, currently Minister of the transitional government.

Others want to eradicate all traces of the old regime and the party-state, and reject any compromise. This is where supporters of Marzouki (Congress for the Republic) and members of the Communist Party of Tunisian Workers (POCT). And of course leaders movement of "unemployed graduates" of the interior. They wish to push through the "democratic revolution" to give birth to a new political, economic and social development. Both camps have no real difference in political culture, they are animated by democratic ideals. What separates them fundamentally, the strategy of rupture and especially the "democracy agenda".

What remains of the old regime?

There is some disappointment today protesting actors, quite understandable - I think particularly young people "unemployed graduates". But there is no objective risk of returning to the old regime or system restore mafia. A break has occurred. The dictator is gone. This is a crucial element when it is known that while Tunisia was around him, with extreme personalization of power. mafia clans and profiteers - families Ben Ali, Trabelsi and others - have fled. Darkest segments of the security apparatus were largely dismantled.

If we can legitimately understand the disappointment of " radical democrats, "as Marzouki, Hammami, Nasraoui, and unemployed graduates who feel that their revolution was stolen, the former regime is ousted. We are in a transition phase. But this transition can lead to a regime that bastard would an independent candidate access to presidential power, with new elements but also with elements of the old regime. This will lead to reinforce a kind of "authoritarian democracy" or "democratic authoritarianism".

What role did the Tunisian army played in the revolution and what role can it play in the future?

The army has been in recent weeks a fundamental role, not supporting the plan of repression of Ben Ali. She clearly rejected the extreme policies of the supreme leader, and instead played a protective role players protesters. The reason? The army is not connected with the mafia and clan interests of power. Unlike Egypt, Syria or even Algeria, Tunisia army has no direct interest in industry or in the management of oil revenues. It is an army of about 35,000 men, composed of employees, officials, technicians and engineers.

should not be provided to paint a romantic portrait. The Tunisian army played a repressive role in 1978 to channel the social movements, and in 1981 and 1984 to quell the "bread riots". This time, she refused the role because the sources of legitimacy of the regime were exhausted. Ben Ali was discredited, corruption was widespread. Faced with this stalemate, the military has understood that the only solution was to replace the dictator.

This reaction - some would say "Republican" - is primarily dictated by pragmatic: generals and senior officers are convinced that a crackdown could lead to chaos and their own demise. As the "political fluidity" present, the Tunisian army can play a more important role in the constitutional process and the "pacification" social, oscillating between registry and registry security mediation with the forces of the country.

"security apparatus" Tunisia is it still present and operational?

France has 60 million inhabitants, Tunisia 9 million. Yet both countries have almost the same number of police officers: 135.000. is huge! Tunisia is one of the countries with the most police per capita. The security apparatus, through the Ministry of Interior is fully engaged in repression. Part of the police fired into the crowd with live ammunition. It is the security apparatus of Ben Ali who is responsible for nearly 70 deaths officially deplored and thousands injured. But the whole apparatus police is not corrupt: the "rotten" mafia of the security apparatus was largely dismantled.

There is more to fear from areas of the Department of the Interior directly to the clans and Ben Ali Trabelsi. They are currently in hiding. I do not believe in a return of "old demons" even if the future Tunisian democracy can deal with safety trends similar to those we see now in France with Nicolas Sarkozy. In this sense there is a danger of creating in Tunisia in the coming months an "authoritarian democracy".

What role can the "Islamists" in the democratic process?

The "Islamists" Tunisians have long been integrated into "democratic forums." They are "fundamentalists embedded" in the democratic debate in exile. They participated in Paris, London, Marseille numerous opposition rallies, alongside the left, communist, socialist, even anti-Islamic. Many leaders of the left Tunisian 'secular' leaders have frequently met with "Islamists". In many ways the 'fundamentalists' are already integrated into the political game of Tunisia.

For the party Ennahdha (Renaissance) Rached Ghannouchi, the model is not radical Islam or Islamism Salafi Saudi-style, but the AKP, which currently leads Turkey. This means accepting the parliamentary game and advocating economic liberalism tinged social, and especially a certain pragmatism with other Democrats. There is a huge myth about "Islamists" of Tunisia. The party Ennahdha is more of a liberal conservative party, which is not at all in a process of creating an Islamic state or Islamic theocracy. The Islamists classic "Tunisians are now looking to Ankara, they did nothing" green fascists. " How

react today Western countries and Arab neighbors?

The United States has played a leading role in the departure of Ben Ali.
support President Barack Obama to the social movement, even if he was shy, was much sharper than that of France. Beyond this symbolic support, it would seem that the Obama administration has given its support to the Tunisian army and "doves" of the regime (Mohamed Ghannouchi, Prime Minister and Kamel Morjane, the Minister of Foreign Affairs) to sacrifice Ben Ali. It is clear that the United States supported the transition scenario.

Regarding the Arab countries, we can really worry that some plans make every effort to derail the democratic process in Tunisia. Saudi Arabia, Libya, Algeria has no interest in a democracy can arise in the Arab world. A "loose coalition" of Arab dictators could be to sabotage or disrupt the democratic process in Tunisia.

Support from U.S., EU and France to Tunisian Democrats is essential. Either you play the card of democracy in the Arab world or, rather, play an ambiguous role and promotes the perverse game of Saudi Wahhabis, the megalomaniac dictatorship of the regime of Gaddafi and Algerian generals. In this case, we should not complain about the progress of the Salafist jihadist ideology!

How Does France have made such errors of analysis on the situation of Tunisia?

The official position of France was not based on an error analysis, but on a political logic of total and blind support for Ben Ali regime. Interpret the statements of Michele Alliot-Marie as a political mistake is wrong. This is not a political mistake, this is a failing policy. France has always supported authoritarian regimes . She believes that one does diplomacy in relations between States and civil societies are not important.

The United States have both supported Ben Ali and developed concrete relations with unions and all the dissidents of the regime. In contrast, France has always prohibited its diplomacy to have any contact with everything that could affect the quality of its relations with Ben Ali. This blindness is the logic of French policy towards the Arab world: "We support dictators against the risks of destabilization! It seems that France has included a number of mistakes. Hopefully it reorients its policy towards Tunisia openly supporting the democratic process.

What are the possible scenarios in the weeks and months ahead?

Tunisia has a choice between two options. Either authoritarian democratic consolidation that would lead the country until elections, with a broad coalition around an opponent as independent Nejib Chebbi (PDP), with some elements of former regime elements and the trade union left. In this case, the elections will certainly be "democratic" (at least in appearance), but the scenario is first "programmed" the government candidate will have particular ways superior to those of its opponents. This scenario of "managed democracy" is intended to protect Western interests and pursue the integration of Tunisia in the "world economy" in the footsteps of the Bank World Bank and the IMF. A scenario where the candidate would be a sort of "Tunisian Ouattara.

Another assumption: the pressure of the street continues or increases and pushes the government to resign or to go much further, with the dissolution of the party of Ben Ali (RCD), the establishment of a genuine process with the constitutional election of a constituent assembly. Total semi-democracy or democracy? Radical break with the old regime or consolidation autoritaro-democratic? This is how I would put the political future of Tunisia. A future which, in all cases, will be without Ben Ali.

Interview by Eros Sana

Notes [1] Vincent Geisser is a sociologist and researcher at the CNRS and the Institute for Research and Studies on the Arab and Muslim world (IREMAM). He is author, with Marzouki, dictators on borrowed time. A democratic path in the Arab world, editions of L'Atelier, 2009.


Em saudação aos 60 anos do MPLA, aos 52 anos da passagem do Che por África e aos 43 anos do 25 de Abril… e assinalando os 50 anos do início do “Exercício ALCORA” e os 50 anos do início da Guerra do Biafra.

15- O fascismo e colonialismo do Estado Novo, em função dos problemas que criou, tornou-se praticamente indigente no que ao armamento e equipamento militar dizia respeito: e vassalo nas obrigações internacionais no quadro da NATO e do Exercício ALCORA, uma vassalagem que não parou com o 25 de Abril de 1974.

Em Goa, Damão e Dio, ficou evidente que a capacidade militar do colonialismo português praticamente não existia e no campo da NATO, muito poucos tinham interesse em ajudar essa indigência avassalada, inclusive o aliado Grã-Bretanha.

Logo em 1961 relativamente a Angola, era essa a impressão do cônsul-geral da África do Sul em Luanda e por isso os portugueses recorreram desde logo ao “apartheid” para criar comunicações que levassem a futuros entendimentos com a África do Sul.

Se a vassalagem era impotente em relação à NATO, iriam buscá-la noutras paragens.

Em Setembro de 1963, a África do Sul ofereceu assistência militar e um ano depois, os portugueses manifestaram ao “apartheid” que estavam interessados num acordo permanente para o fornecimento de peças e outros serviços de apoio para os helicópteros Alouette III.

Em 1967 os dois países deram mais um passo no sentido do fornecimento por parte da África do Sul de material militar, algo que agradava ao “apartheid”, que além do mais se ia apercebendo que Portugal iria ficar em dependência em relação ao seu poderio e interesses.

Em 1968 os enlaces derivaram no sentido de se criar as bases do acordo do âmbito do Exercício ALCORA, sendo definida a entrada das SADF e Polícia sul-africana no sudeste de Angola, a pretexto do “apartheid” se juntar aos portugueses e dar caça simultaneamente às guerrilhas da SWAPO e do MPLA.

Em ambos os casos o “apartheid” aproveitou para estreitar laços com a PIDE/DGS, uma vez que o conceito e a doutrina dos Flechas às ordens de Óscar Cardoso lhes interessava, tanto como a Operação Madeira.

De entre os equipamentos que a África do Sul se comprometeu a fornecer nesse ano, estavam 5 helicópteros Alouette III, 33 autometralhadoras Panhard AML e 283 rádios TR 28C.

Algum desse armamento foi parar aos “Dragões” instalados no Bié, o que é um indicativo da percepção que o colonialismo português tinha sobre a importância geoestratégica da Região Central das Grandes Nascentes em Angola.

Para efeito desse fornecimento, os sul-africanos solicitaram ao Estado Novo que pedisse autorização aos franceses, uma vez que eram eles os produtores desses meios e o “apartheid”, que sob licença os produzia no seu território, respeitava os compromissos existentes com a França…

Portugal acedeu e os fornecimentos a partir de então passaram a ter plena garantia.

A França passou a ser um fornecedor de material de guerra que supria as necessidades do“apartheid”, no âmbito da internacional fascista que renitentemente se erguia em armas na África Austral e por tabela do colonialismo português, em especial nos teatros operacionais de Angola, Moçambique e Guiné Bissau.

É evidente que isso não teria sido possível sem que houvesse fortes laços entre os interessados da internacional fascista, ao abrigo do “Le Cercle”, um dos mentores mais reaccionários das políticas de então, unindo as tendências fascistas e colonialistas na Europa, na América Latina e em África, com respaldo das sucessivas administrações estado-unidenses.

O “Le Cercle” haveria de ter muitos êxitos nos seus “bons ofícios” na “defesa da civilização judaico-cristã ocidental” e entre eles os resultantes dos papados no Vaticano dum polaco (João Paulo II – 22 de Outubro de 1978 a 2 de Abril de 2005) e dum alemão (Bento XVI – 24 de Abril de 2005 a 28 de Fevereiro de 2013)…

As mais “conservadoras” doutrinas da Igreja Católica Apostólica Romana, impactaram em Angola nos anos da “glasnost”, nos anos de chumbo, precisa e sincronizadamente na mesma altura dos impactos do capitalismo neoliberal após o desaparecimento do socialismo real da Europa e essa, sob o ponto de vista ideológico, é uma das explicações das aproximações que em função de Bicesse se fizeram a Angola, por via de partidos como o CDS, PSD e PS, até aos nossos dias… coisas de agenciados social-democratas do âmbito da “civilização judaico-cristã ocidental” e dos negócios que ela tão bem propicia, já se vê…

Antes era nesse mesmo esteio que se movia a “Aginter Press”, no quadro das “redes stay behind” da NATO e do “Le Cercle”, acima das capacidades operacionais dos serviços de inteligência de Portugal, Rodésia e África do Sul, ainda que tivesse ficado sem efeito a Concordata do Estado Novo com o Vaticano…

O apoio da França foi garantido e a África do Sul teve luz verde para continuar o fornecimento de material militar ao Estado Novo, o que reforçou o seu relativo domínio na definição, formulação e organização das tarefas e missões implícitas no acordo do Exercício ALCORA.

O Estado Novo foi ficando cada vez mais avassalado ao “apartheid”, à medida que progredia a instalação do Exercício ALCORA.

As políticas de Richard Nixon para África por seu turno, deram outra cobertura às iniciativas em prol do Exercício ALCORA e no leste de Angola, a África do Sul desencadeou a Operação Bombaim, contra as guerrilhas do MPLA e da SWAPO, dando início a uma prolongada “border war” que só iria terminar em finais da década de 80 do século XX, quando a Linha da Frente passou irreversivelmente do paralelo de Brazzaville – Dar es Salam, para o paralelo da fronteira sul de Angola, Zâmbia e Moçambique, dando posteriormente origem à criação da “Southern African Development Community”, SADC.

O Exercício ALCORA teve início formal entre 4 e 7 de Dezembro de 1971, permitindo um aumento dos fornecimentos de material de guerra por parte da França e da África do Sul ao Estado Novo.

Em 1973 e 1974 o estudo dos riscos e ameaças, em função das informações colhidas em Kinshasa no âmbito do Exercício ALCORA (que envolveu também a “antena diplomática” que dava pelo nome de António Monteiro), apontava para a eminência dum ataque a Cabinda e norte de Angola, sob orientação do apêndice da CIA, Mobutu, Presidente do Zaíre, reforçado por outros países africanos.

O Zaíre havia adquirido armamento e os programas de acção contra o colonialismo português em suporte das FLEC e da FNLA, começaram a ganhar corpo.

A escalada de fornecimento de material de guerra em 1974, por parte do “apartheid” ao colonialismo português, subiu uma vez mais a fasquia: os sul-africanos iriam fazer reconhecimentos aéreos em Cabinda e norte de Angola, “a fim de detectar indícios de preparativos de concentração de forças inimigas”, estimularam o fornecimento de mísseis Crotale e prepararam um acordo financeiro, com uma ampla política de crédito disponível.

O 25 de Abril de 1974 inviabilizou alguns dos fornecimentos militares e o reconhecimento aéreo acordado, não terá inviabilizado o financiamento (que lhe terá sido anterior também por causa do Plano do Cunene e Cabora Bassa), mas o aproveitamento das iniciativas de Mobutu na direcção de Cabinda e do norte de Angola, estimuladas pela CIA no encontro “secreto” entre o general Spínola e Mobutu na ilha do Sal, ficaram proteladas para o quadro das disputas relativas à independência de Angola a 11 de Novembro de 1975.

Foi assim que o aproveitamento das iniciativas de Mobutu, passaram a integrar a Operação IAFEATURE, da “CIA contra Angola”, conforme a denúncia de John Stockwell.

De entre esses aproveitamentos esteve o Exército de Libertação de Portugal, ELP, um resultado dos compromissos do general Spínola, que depois de ultrapassar a hesitação de alinhamento directo com o “apartheid”, acabou por alinhar na operação da “CIA contra Angola”, tendo à frente o Coronel Santos e Castro, um profundo conhecedor das áreas a norte de Luanda (Caxito e Dembos).

O ELP aglutinou alguns sectores ligados à Frente Unida de Angola, FUA e à Frente Revolucionária de Angola, FRA (criado por Jaime Nogueira Pinto), entre outros, cujos programas levavam à independência de Angola de acordo com as ideias de Ian Smith na Rodésia e de forma a “repescar”em tempo oportuno o Exercício ALCORA.

Em “Jogos africanos”, Jaime Nogueira Pinto (membro assumido do “Le Cercle”), revela:

“… Com a partida de Silvério Marques e a chegada de Rosa Coutinho a situação agravou-se muito em todos os sectores.

O Almirante Vermelho, que logo se fizera rodear de uma segurança nunca vista, mostrava-se frio e eficaz no prosseguimento dos seus objectivos.

Achei que era tempo de passar a formas superiores de luta.


Tive então a ideia de criar a FRA – Frente Revolucionária de Angola.

O conceito era simples.

Se fôssemos fazer uma coisa de raiz, nós, os miúdos, os militares metropolitanos, não teríamos qualquer hipótese de ser levados a sério pelos civis locais.

Por isso achámos melhor recorrer à acção psicológica e à agitprop, criando um mito, uma lenda.

Engendramos então uma organização secreta – a FRA.

Redigíamos os panfletos originais da dita organização e fazíamos como se nos tivessem vindo parar às mãos.

Depois fotocopiávamos os panfletos e distribuíamo-los por círculos de activistas, onde estavam o Engenheiro Pompílio da Cruz, o capitão Seara e outros.

O Mariz Fernandes era a única pessoa, para além de mim e do Nunes, que sabia da coisa.

A ideia que passávamos era a de que existia uma forte organização secreta de resistência ao MFA e que quem aderia a essa sofisticadíssima rede clandestina passava a fazer parte duma poderosa máquina subversiva.

Assim a FRA funcionou, teve adesões, recrutou militantes e fez até algumas operações.

Era o que importava: não estar quieto, tentar coisas contra o apocalipse que se aproximava”…

…Por aquela altura já estava eu incorporado no Movimento Democrático de Angola (MDA) que, antes da chegada do MPLA a Luanda, sob orientação da Drª Maria do Carmo Medina e de Antero de Abreu, se contrapunha às influências da FUA e do FRA.

O ELP tinha influências também no sul de Angola, (Huíla, Namibe e em Benguela), com resíduos que foram permanecendo até hoje, com influência nos sectores económicos e sócio-políticos daquelas províncias, e intimamente associados a outros intervenientes dentro e fora de Angola, nomeadamente em Portugal e na África do Sul.

Era nesse cadinho que a BOSS/NIS recrutava agentes, como os que foram mais tarde detectados e neutralizados pela segurança angolana; Amílcar Fernandes Freire, Francisco Alberto Abarran Barata e Dongala Kamati, (meados da década de 80)… eu fui um dos oficiais instrutores do processo que lhes foi correspondente em defesa dasegurança e soberania de Angola… mal sabendo eu que em breve seria acusado, julgado e condenado por “golpe de estado sem efusão de sangue”(Processo 76/86)…

Foi assim também que o “apartheid”, tacitamente, desencadearia a Operação Savana, em apoio a Savimbi, em simultâneo à Operação da “CIA contra Angola” e na perspectiva de Holden e Savimbi alcançarem o poder em Luanda, a 11 de Novembro de 1975…”border war” já se vê…

… E foi assim que Portugal (onde já se vivia o após 25 de Novembro de 1975), retardou o reconhecimento da República Popular de Angola, (só o fez a 22 de Fevereiro de 1976 e foi o 83º país a fazê-lo) na espectativa de sua inviabilização!

É evidente que à medida que a aristocracia financeira mundial assumia o domínio, todas as peças da “civilização judaico-cristã ocidental” se iam encaixando na sua estrutura em pirâmide, cada vez mais avassaladora, preparando a hegemonia unipolar.

16- A passagem da linha da frente progressista e informal, para a Linha da Frente contra o“apartheid” a sul de Angola, acompanhou a trajectória da evolução do Exercício ALCORA até ao seu colapso.

Em Brazzaville, sucederam-se vários governos progressistas, fora da órbitra das redes de Jacques Foccard e para tal muito contribuiu a ajuda internacionalista da 2ª coluna do Che, que teve em Jorge Risquet um dos seus principais dirigentes.

Instalada a partir de 1965, a 2ª coluna do Che, que continuou mesmo depois da passagem do Che pelo Congo na espectativa dos sucessos da guerrilha de Mulele, vocacionou-se também e desde logo no apoio ao Movimento de Libertação em África, nomeadamente no apoio ao MPLA.

No livro “El  Segundo Frente del Che en el Congo – Historia del Batallón Patricio Lumumba”, Jorge Risquet Valdés dá conta do papel da iniciativa solidária e internacionalista para com África, nos termos da linha da frente progressista informal que se instalou entre Dar es Salam e Brazzaville, narrando com detalhe as acções e citando uma nota do Comandante Fidel de Castro de 30 de Dezembro de 1966:

“Informa a nuestros compañeros en esa,

A nuestros instructores militares, que han permanecido meses alejados de nuestra pátria, cumpliendo misión histórica de solidariedade com pueblos hermanos de África y que han puesto mu yen alto el prestígio de la Revolución cubana envio un caluroso y bien merecido Saludo en estes dias de fiestas navideñas.

La actitud firme y decidida de ustedes, combatientes revolucionários, de permanecer voluntariamente junto a pueblos hermanos, amenazados y agredidos por el imperialismo, demuenstra el alto espiritu de internacionalismo proletário y de solidariedade revolucionaria que há alcanzado nuestro Pueblo. En esse gesto está presente el ideal revolucionaria de Camilo y la decisión inquebrantable de lucha del Che.

Nuestro partido, las fuerzas armadas revolucionaias y nuestro Pueblo, que se apresentan a festejar el octavo aniversario de nuestra Revolución, se sienten orgullosos de ustedes, abnegados jóvenes por la disposición de ofrendar sus vidas si fuere necessário por la causa justa de los pueblos oprimidos, conscientes de que com ello sirven a la pátria y a la humanidade”.

Muita capacidade operativa do MPLA e do PAIGC foi forjada nessa conjuntura, inclusive as três colunas que partiriam em socorro da Iª Região Política Militar do MPLA, cercada e vulnerável
a incursões militares e de inteligência por parte do colonialismo português.

Para o MPLA foi também muito importante para reverter as situações vividas com a sua expulsão do Zaíre.

As colunas do MPLA, Camilo Cienfuegos, Cami e Ferraz Bomboco foram apenas um dos resultados dessas iniciativas progressistas a partir de Brazzaville, além da continuidade da guerrilha de Pierre Mulele e da própria consolidação do poder progressista no Congo (Brazzaville).

Os guerrilheiros angolanos forjados nessas lutas inquebrantáveis, foram utilizados depois para a abertura da Frente Leste do MPLA já no início da década de 70 do século XX, fazendo progredir em direcção a sul a Libertação em África, tendo como rectaguarda o território zambiano e ponto de apoio logístico principal Dar es Salam; muitos dos chefes estiveram na proclamação das FAPLA.

A abertura da Frente Leste foi determinante para o “apartheid” se decidir a envolver no Exercício ALCORA, dando início à “border war” em 1968 e presença de suas forças no sudeste angolano, facto que por si comprova quanto era negativamente avaliado o poder militar do Estado Novo em Angola.

A abertura da Frente Leste obrigou por outro lado a internacional fascista (com Mobutu incluído) a reforçar as linhas etno-nacionaistas da FLEC, da FNLA e da UNITA…

Com o 25 de Abril de 1974, o Exercício ALCORA desmorona-se dos termos previstos pela internacional fascista que incluía Portugal, a Rodésia, a África do Sul e alguns aliados africanos infiltrados pelo seu sistema e pela CIA.

O plano de Mobutu para assaltar Cabinda e o norte de Angola, foi então “reconvertido”, o que só por si era um obstáculo à progressão em direcção sul das linhas progressistas a partir de Dar es Salam e Brazzaville.

Com a data de independência de Angola à vista, Mobutu “fazia-se ao bife”, sob os auspícios da CIA e tacitamente alinhado com o “apartheid”, enquanto os portugueses, perdidos nas lutas internas do MFA entre o 25 de abril de 1974 e o 25 de Novembro de 1975, iam respondendo conforme cada tendência política.

O Governador de Cabinda de então, Themudo Barata, veladamente alinhou com Mobutu e a FLEC, por efeito das políticas do general Spínola, conferindo à FLEC uma representatividade que não era internacionalmente reconhecida, numa polémica que é sustentada até nossos dias, com muitas entidades portuguesas a seguirem a trilha spinolista desde o 25 de Novembro de 1975.

As FLECs contam com apoios desse tipo em Portugal desde então.

Na aproximação do 11 de Novembro, Mobutu apoia a FLEC e a FNLA, de forma a intervir em Angola ao abrigo da CIA, pelo que angolanos e cubanos tiveram de travar as batalhas decisivas de Cabinda, Quifangondo e Ebo, a fim de ser proclamada a República Popular de Angola.

Em Cuba o Comandante Fidel apercebeu-se da importância de defender a capital angolana e simultaneamente Cabinda, pois sem isso seria impossível a progressão da linha da frente infrmal entre Dar es Salam e Brazzaville, para a Linha da Frente que mis tarde daria origem à SADC.

Pouco relevo se tem dado à batalha de Cabinda, mas o general de corpo de exército das Forças Armadas Revolucionárias de Cuba, Ramón Espinosa Martin, elaborou um relato completo dos acontecimentos no seu livro “La Batalla de Cabinda”.

Desse livro destaco uma das lições geoestratégicas do Comandante Fidel em África.

“Mensage de Salida nº. 58

Destino: Luanda.

Al: 1er. Comdt. Arguelles- Gondin.

El comandante en Jefenos há pedido les trasmitamos el seguiente texto:

Para Angola se envio todo lo solicitado e incluso más.

Se decidió reforzar Cabinda com recursos absolutamente adicionales.

Se envio também personal que estuviera en disposición de combatir.

Cabinda es el punto más débil y peor defendido.

Si se pierde Cabinda no lo podran recuperar más.

Angola sin Cabinda no podrá consolidar su independenciaporque alli están los recursos económicos fundamentales.

Mobutu quiere apoderar-se de Cabinda y tarde o temprano la va a agredir, sobre todo si sabe que está indefensa.

Es necessário que ustedes entiendan esto y se lo hagan compreender al MPLA.

Se acordo además enviar a Angola el personal necessário para la técnica soviética.

Por esto no lo creemos que se deba continuar debilitando Cabinda.

Si ya bajaron los morteros 120 en Bengela, úsenlos entonces en Angola pero no reduzcan más los medios destinados a Cabinda.

Debemos atenernos a los planos acordados.

Ahora se lucha en Angola pero no sabemos lo que puede ocurrir en Cabinda y no debemos dejar nuestro personal alli debilitado, ya que en caso de ataque por fuerzas d Zaire tendrán que luchar muy duramente y prácticamente solos.

En Angola tienen ya bastantes médios.

Estan recebuiendo además el material de otros países y se puede continuar reforzando desde aqui com personal cubano.

Si Hay peligro real en Luanda es mejor reforzar esa dirección com médios de las otras escuelas antes que descuidar Cabinda.

Ustedes tienen ahi varias opciones posibles cuando lo consideren realmente necesario.

Los ruego analicen com serenidade estos hechos.

Si se gana la guerra en Angola Y se pierde en Cabinda, se habra perdido mucho.

Hay que tratr de obtener los objectivos completos en ambos puntos.

Saludos, Fidel.

Firmado: Colomé.


A Operação Carlota estava lançada e a RPA levaria a linha da frente para a sua própria fronteira sul, o que obrigaria o “apartheid” a reinventar e reconverter a “border war”, nunca desperdiçando o que quer que fosse dos “bons ofícios” à portuguesa no quadro dos sucessivos governos de após 25 de Novembro de 1975, tendo em conta a absorção de muitos conceitos e práticas do colonialismo português e dos nexos de inteligência que todos eles propiciavam.

Isso perdurou não só enquanto esteve em vigência o “apartheid”, mas também quando as políticas hegemónicas unipolares incentivadas pela “civilização judaico-cristã ocidental” se fortaleceram e impactaram da maneira mais terrível (choque neoliberal entre 1992 e 2002), quanto da maneira mais “persuasiva” (quando se foi evidenciando a terapia neoliberal em Angola, de 2002 aos nossos dias)… para esse efeito a inteligência económica dos sucessivos governos de Portugal, vassala dos poderosos, tal como do Bilderberg, esperaram a sua hora!

Em relação a Angola, por alturas do passamento físico do Comandante Fidel, foi justo o que escrevi na Embaixada de Cuba enquanto “soldado do MPLA” e antigo combatente angolano, face à fotografia do Comandante, insigne lutador pelas mais justas causas libertárias de África:

“… De Argel ao Cabo…

Cavalgando com Fidel!

… Levando o ardor progressista desde contra o baluarte do colonialismo francês no Norte de África…

… Até contra o bastião mais retrógrado e fascista que existia à face da Terra após a IIª Guerra Mundial, em seu perverso domínio em toda a África Austral…

… Precisamente no sentido inverso ao projetado pelo império anglo-saxónico sob inspiração de Cecil John Rhodes… do Cabo ao Cairo…

… Em 55 anos foi de facto um vulcão libertário que sacudiu África e se distendeu, um vulcão libertário cuja energia tem aqui e agora, no berço da humanidade, oportunidade para muito melhor se refletir, se equacionar e inteligentemente aproveitar!...

… Quanto os africanos não têm saudavelmente absorvido do legítimo contributo e histórica responsabilidade revolucionária cubana, por via das armas enquanto houvera que ser, por via da educação e da saúde enquanto nesses 55 anos o foi, o é… e o será no porvir!?

Vencido o colonialismo pelas armas… vencido o apartheid pelas armas… vencidas algumas de suas sequelas pelas armas… quando face às bombas nucleares nenhum combatente progressista recuou… a paz, a harmonia e a luta contra o subdesenvolvimento tornou-se mais possível que nunca!...”

A consultar de Martinho Júnior:
Eleições na letargia duma colónia periférica – 
Programa soft power da CIA contra Angola, passa por Portugal – 
Neocolonialismo em brandos costumes e dois episódios – 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – I – 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – II – 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – III – 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – IV – 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – V – 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – VI –


Punição da União Europeia e estudo independente reconhecem: os dois gigantes querem cercar a internet e eliminar sua diversidade. Mas como frear seu poder?

Rafael A. F. Zanatta | Outras Palavras

Essa semana, Google e Facebook – dois dos maiores gigantes do capitalismo de vigilância contemporâneo – sofreram duros golpes em suas reputações corporativas, abrindo um debate mundial sobre a ética de suas ações e as vulnerabilidades de nossa dependência a esses monopólios da era digital.

Na terça-feira (27/06), a Comissão Europeia impôs uma multa de quase 9 bilhões de reais ao Google por “abuso de posição dominante como motor de busca” e “por dar vantagem ilegal a seu próprio serviço de compras comparativas”. Trata-se da maior punição antitruste a uma única empresa já realizada na Europa.

As investigações foram conduzidas por Margrethe Vestager, comissária da União Europeia para defesa da concorrência (e forte liderança do Partido Social-Liberal da Dinamarca). Ela revelou que oGoogle situava sistematicamente em lugar destacado seus próprios serviços de compras comparativas, “colocando em lugar pior os serviços de comparação rivais nos resultados de busca”. Para a comissária, o Google “ocupa uma posição dominante nos mercados de busca de internet no Espaço Econômico Europeu” e, com suas práticas de manipulação, “abusou da posição dominante dando a seus próprios serviços uma vantagem ilegal”.

Em um processo de investigação sigiloso, realizado desde 2014, Vestager reuniu um amplo conjunto de provas, incluindo 5,2 terabytes de resultados de busca (1.700 milhões de consultas), experimentos e estudos que demonstravam a visibilidade e o comportamento de consumidores em número de cliques, dados financeiros da Google e seus competidores e o declínio de acessos em websites europeus.

Para analistas do Financial Times, a decisão é um divisor de águas na regulação antitruste aplicada à “nova geração de empresas de tecnologia dominantes dos Estados Unidos”. Um terço da receita do Google com publicidade em buscas na Europa vem dos anúncios de compras que foram analisadas pela União Europeia. A decisão, enfim, “abre o coração do mecanismo de busca do Google” e possibilita o debate sobre como outros poderão utilizar seu mecanismo para conseguir uma melhor exposição.

Para quem se recorda do chamado de Richard Sennett de 2013 para “quebrar o poder de mercado do Google”, a decisão reabre um debate sobre monopólios na era digital. “A dominação é real e deve ser combatida”, dizia Sennett, por mais que essas empresas nos pareçam boazinhas.

Na quarta-feira (28/06), o centro independente de investigação ProPublica divulgou documentos internos do Facebook sobre o modo como seus 2 bilhões de usuários têm seus discursos avaliados, passando por filtros de censura sobre o que poderia configurar “discurso de ódio”.

De acordo com a denúncia do ProPublica, os algoritmos – fórmulas matemáticas que executam ações e comandos – do Facebook geram resultados socialmente questionáveis, assegurando os direitos de grupos com posições sociais asseguradas (como homens brancos) e desprotegendo grupos minoritários (crianças negras, por exemplo). Documentos internos vazados da empresa mostram que revisores de conteúdo eram orientados a trabalhar com uma fórmula simples (protected category + attack = hate speech). “Sexo” e “identidade de gênero”, por exemplo, são consideradas categorias protegidas, ao passo que “idade” e “ocupação” não. Como a fórmula exige uma dupla combinação de categorias protegidas (PC + PC = PC), discursos voltados a mulheres motoristas não são considerados de ódio, pois há uma categoria não protegida, que é ocupação (PC + NPC = NPC).

O simplismo de fórmula matemática do Facebook e a tentativa de “proteger todas as raças e gêneros de forma igual” despertou a crítica de acadêmicos. Denielle Citron, da Universidade de Maryland, argumentou que as regras do Facebook ignoram o espírito do direito e a análise contextual da proteção. O Facebook saiu em defesa própria, alegando que as políticas não possuem resultados perfeitos e que é “difícil regular uma comunidade global”.

Em ensaio para revista Wired, Emily Dreyfuss analisou a denúncia da ProPublica e argumentou que o problema é maior é que o Facebook é “muito grande para ser deletado”. Ao conectar um quatro da humanidade, as pessoas que precisam de uma plataforma para expressão não são capazes de sair – mesmo se forem alvos de censuras arbitrárias ou desproteções, como o caso dos algoritmos de “discurso de ódio”.

Isso leva a uma situação paradoxal. Ativistas em defesa da privacidade e lideranças do movimento negro – que atacam práticas realizadas pelo Facebook, como coleta maciça de dados e tratamento tecnológico desigual para brancos e negros – dependem do Facebook para compartilhar informação, pois as perdas são muito grandes ao deletar sua conta e isolar-se da rede de Zuckerberg. “São poucos os que podem se dar ao luxo de abandonar o Facebook e utilizar outras redes”, afirma Dreyfuss.

Renata Mielli, ativista integrante da Coalizão Direitos na Redeem ensaio para o Mídia Ninja nesta quinta-feira (29/06), foi perspicaz no diagnóstico: “O Facebook está sugando a internet para dentro de sua timeline”. Ele é o “maior monopólio privado de comunicação do mundo”, colocando em cheque as bases de nossa democracia.

Retomamos, assim, à grande provocação de Richard Sennett: se sabemos que esses gigantes devem ser quebrados e se estamos cientes dos aspectos prejudiciais desses monopólios sociais, o que podemos fazer?

A The Economist, em matéria de capa no mês de maio1, surpreendeu os progressistas ao oferecer uma crítica ao poder do Google e Facebook. A revista inglesa argumentou que é necessário “repensar radicalmente” os instrumentos antitrustes para os gigantes de coleta de dados (Google e Facebook), pois os reguladores ainda estão presos a conceitos de era industrial, ao passo que os instrumentos de análise devem ser voltados a empresas de tecnologia focadas em dados.

A Economist também propôs duas ideias embrionárias: aumentar a transparência sobre como os dados pessoais são coletados e monetizados (aumentando poder de barganha dos “fornecedores” – ou seja, nós mesmos) e redefinir conceitos jurídicos aplicáveis a essa nova indústria, tratando os data vaults (bancos de dados modelados para fornecer armazenamento histórico de longo prazo) como “infraestrutura pública”, forçando o compartilhamento de dados para estimular a competição.

Seriam ideias viáveis? Talvez. O mais importante, nesse momento, é mobilizarmos essas perguntas e forçarmos uma discussão sobre alternativas políticas e institucionais.

1Regulating the internet giants: the world’s most valuable resource is no longer oil, but data

* Rafael A. F. Zanatta é pesquisador em direito e sociedades digitais. É mestre em direito e economia política pela International University College of Turin e mestre em sociologia jurídica pela Universidade de São Paulo, onde foi coordenador do "Núcleo de Direito, Internet e Sociedade"

          Vince Cable sets out his views on Brexit, immigration and freedom of movement   
Europe and immigration are two issues which are both central to why many Liberal Democrat members are active in politics. Vince Cable sets out where he thinks the party should go on both.
          The Ugly Canadian II: Justin Trudeau’s Foreign Policy   
When Justin Trudeau looks in the foreign policy mirror who does he see? Someone very much like Stephen Harper. On the world stage Canada under Trudeau the Second has acted almost the same as when Harper was prime minister. The Liberals have followed the previous government’s posture on issues ranging from militarism to Russia, nuclear […]
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 Once Unstuck Chuck was free Officers began the tedious task of negotiation with the furry stowaway. Chuck was very reluctant to leave his new found feast of electrical wires. When attempts to talk him down failed..........." 

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          Comment on An argument from “The Standards of Faith of the United Methodist Church” part 2 by Gary   
Then ask yourself the question, "What is the tipping point to split the UMC?" If 10% of UMC members are gay, but only 10% of them want change or else, then you are destroying the UMC for 1% of the LGBTQ Methodist membership. If UMC doesn't accept gay marriage, then we are in the same boat as the Catholics. Not that bad off. Super-liberal, politically motivated, left wing activists ought to go bug the Catholics more, and leave the Methodists alone.
          Comment on An argument from “The Standards of Faith of the United Methodist Church” part 2 by Gary   
In light of this 2017 report, things don't look all bad. Sure, there is a 12% drop in membership in North America in 10 years. But there is an overall increase worldwide by 12%. And interestingly, on Paid on Apportionments to All General Funds, 1994-2016* Only 84.4% paid in 1994. But 91.9% paid in 2016. So members must think something is better, or they are just doing better economically. So, the obvious questions to ask directly of the LGBTQ community in the Methodist Church - "What % of members are in the LGBTQ category? What % of those just can't live with the current status quo? What % are so upset, that they just can't accept status quo? What % are satisfied with a civil marriage, and what % just have to have a church wedding? What % are clergy or Bishops?" I would like to see a survey like that taken by this "Way Forward" group. Plenty of time, since they have till 2019 to decide their findings. The survey should be of LGBTQ Methodist members only. NOT the none-LGBQT members. I have a feeling that the majority of very militant advocates of this are either outside advocates (non-UMC), or - excuse the phrase - super liberal, self-perceived do-gooder types, that want to burn the house down to save the "principle" of acceptance of all. This, considering that "all" are already accepted, including taking communion. We are talking only of the expansion of clergy, and gay marriage within the church. Nothing else. I would also like to see a question included in a survey of LGBTQ Methodist members only, that asks, "Eliminating the phrase 'homosexual lifestyle is contrary to Christian teaching' from the BoD, if it results in the breakup of UMC as it currently stands, do you favor or oppose the change?" My guess is that the answers to the survey will only include a small % of the LGBTQ Methodist community that wants to burn the house down to eliminate the phrase. BTW - I still favor gay marriage within UMC, and gay clergy. But not at the expense of destroying a good thing (UMC). I suspect the majority of the gay Methodist may feel the same way. I suspect that the agenda for "change or else", is coming from mostly non-members, or members that are not gay, but think they are on a holy crusade. Either way, I think it would be important to get anonymous survey data from the actual LGBTQ Methodist community, and not just from politically driven "do-gooder" members, and non-members. My 2 cents worth.
          Vytautas Radžvilas. Katalikybė ir politinė laisvė   
Skelbiame prof.  Vytauto Radžvilo pranešimą „Katalikybė ir politinė laisvė“, skaitytą Adolfo Damušio politinių studijų dienų konferencijoje „Mūsų šimtmetis: tauta demokratinės valstybės kūrybos ir griovimo kryžkelėse“, vykusioje birželio 16–17 dienomis Vilniuje, Lietuvos nacionalinėje Martyno Mažvydo bibliotekoje. Taip pat skelbiame ir po pranešimo sekusią diskusiją.


Šio pasisakymo temą įkvėpė kai kurių visuotinai žinomų faktų apmąstymas. Visi gerai žinome, kad kovoje už Lietuvos laisvę dalyvavo įvairių politinių pažiūrų žmonės, tačiau nepaneigiama yra tai, kad lemtingiausiais momentais, tokiais kaip 1941 m. birželio sukilimo atveju, pagrindinė jėga buvo katalikai. O šiandien, kaip žinome, milžiniškos politinės kovos Europoje epicentru tapo Lenkija, kuri yra vertinama labai kritiškai ir puolama. Bet jei atsiribojame nuo viso šio puolimo ir išsikeliame principinį klausimą, kas yra Lenkijos „maištininkai“, atsakymas yra akivaizdus: tai prieš komunizmą kovojusio Lenkijos „Solidarumo“ branduolys ir smogiamoji jėga. Ir vėl keistas sutapimas, tas branduolys daugiausia yra katalikai. Šis faktas nėra atsitiktinis. Matyt, jis liudija, kad katalikai turi ypatingą jautrumą tam, ką pavadinčiau pavojumi laisvei.

Kitas dalykas, kuris paskatino prabilti šia tema, yra nuolatinė kontroversija dėl 1941 m. sukilimo. Visi jaučiame, kad už visos šitos polemikos ir nuolatinio sukilimo juodinimo turi slypėti kažkokia fundamentalesnė priežastis nei oficialiai įvardinama. Vėl gi šitas sukilimas nuolatos svarstomas iš esmės tarptautiniame kontekste, o ką tai reiškia? Kad galbūt dėl jo atminties kova vyksta todėl, kad šis sukilimas gali priminti kažką nepaprastai svarbaus ne tik Lietuvai, bet ir visai Europai. Galbūt net pasauliui.

Kad tai suprastume, pirmiausia turime pasiaiškinti: o kas apskritai yra politika? Šiame pranešime politiką apibrėžiu kaip praktinį žmogiškumo įtvirtinimo būdą, t.y. kaip įrankį, kurio pagalba žmogus apsibrėžia tai, kas jis yra. Ši apibrėžtis atsiskleidžia per konkrečiai įkūnijamą ir sukuriamą politinėmis priemonėmis žmogiškų santykių lauką. Visi politiniai klausimai, jeigu mes juos apmątome ne paviršutiniškai, galiausiai yra klausimas, kas yra žmogus ir ką reiškia būti žmogumi. Jeigu mes ginčijamės, kokie turi būti valstybėje mokesčiai, atrodo, jog tai klausimas, neturintis net menkiausių sąsajų su žmogaus esme, bet iš tikrųjų aiškėja, kad ta sąsaja yra. Nes šio klausimo tikroji potekstė yra: kas yra teisingumas? Visi šiuo požiūriu politiškai svarstomi tarsi labai konkretūs klausimai galiausiai reikalauja kiekvieną akimirką apsibrėžti, kas yra žmogiška ir kas nežmogiška. Ir būtent dėl tos priežasties esminis dalykas čia tampa tiesa, kurią nuostabiai išsakė dar Aristotelis. Jis pasakė, kad jeigu žmogui nereikia filosofijos, jis yra gyvulys arba Dievas. Ir labai keistas, nors natūralus sutapimas, kad pagalvojus atidžiau, jeigu žmogui nereikia politikos ir polio, jis yra gyvulys arba Dievas.

Mes, būdami žmonės, esame be galo įvairūs ir skirtingi. Maža to, mes iš tikrųjų galime norėti begalės dalykų, todėl politikos klausimas yra toks: kaip sukurti žmogišką tvarką sąlygomis, kai iš principo galime norėti ir siekti bet ko. Taigi tam, kad tvarka būtų teisinga, reikia sampratos, kas yra žmogus. Išankstinės sampratos, kuri dvasiškai įsteigia politinių diskusijų lauką. Graikai savo filosofija mėgino šitą lauką įsteigti. Ką davė Vakarų politikai katalikybė? Ji davė žmogaus viziją arba sampratą, kuri privalo galioti universaliai. Ką tai reiškia politikai? Kuomet vyksta konkretūs politiniai ginčai, ką daryti ar nedaryti vienoje ar kitoje situacijoje, visus šiuos ginčus grindžiantis pamatas yra tas nebyliai jų fone esantis tikrojo arba tobulojo žmogaus vaizdinys arba idealas.

Šiam vaizdiniui yra būdingi du klodai. Pirmiausia, jis galioja kiekvienam iš mūsų, nes pretenduoja į universalumą. Antras lemiamai svarbus dalykas yra, kad norint apsispręsti politiškai net pačiu konkrečiausiu klausimu, pirmiausia reikia padaryti išankstinį judesį – apsispręsti to vaizdinio atžvilgiu. O apsispręsti vaizdinio atžvilgiu yra be galo sunku. Kaip jau Platonas intuityviai suprato, norint apsispręsti reikia, kad tavo aukštesnė sielos dalis priverstų klausyti žemesnę, kuri tave skatina, net stumia apsispręsti taip, kaip tau patogiau, kaip tau patinka, naudinga, bet ne pagal visuotinę normą. Būtent šia giliausia prasme katalikiška politika buvo iš tiesų politinės laisvės erdvė, nes tai, kas vyko tarsi žemiškame politikos pasaulyje, buvo grindžiama nematoma dvasine erdve, kuri suteikia politiniams veiksmams reikalingus orientyrus ir gaires. Baigiant šitą istorijos atkarpą galima pasakyti, kad modernusis pasaulis, kai jis pradėjo pakeisti katalikybę, neišvengiamai turėjo sugriauti būtent šitą nematomą dvasinių orientyrų erdvę. Sugriauti tobulo žmogaus etaloną arba viziją.

Šitą žmogų pakeitė vadinamasis modernus individas, kurio esminis skirtumas nuo tradicinio kataliko yra labai paprastas, bet kartu lemtingai svarbus – jis tiesiog nebežino, ką reiškia būti žmogumi. Net nesuvokia, kas tai yra, nors save ir toliau iš inercijos šitaip vadina. Vadinasi, tokioje situacijoje iš esmės keičiasi pati politinė erdvė ir joje galiojančios žaidimo taisyklės. Jeigu neturiu mato, kuriuo matuoju savo dalyvavimą politiniame gyvenime, ginčuose, net ir kovose, tokiu atveju aš tampu laisvas visiškai nauju ir anksčiau neregėtu būdu. Laisvė tokiu atveju yra beatodairiškai siekti, ko noriu arba ko trokštu. Ir tokiu atveju kliūtis mano laisvei jau nebegali būti žmogaus viduje keliamos normos ir reikalavimai. Ta kliūtis, kaip jau aiškiai suprato moderno politinės filosofijos pradininkas Hobsas, iš esmės yra išorės kliūtys. Kitaip tariant, tokią laisvę gali riboti tik išorinė fizinė prievarta arba, kalbant paprasčiau, galios stoka. Tokiu būdu, praradus katalikybės laiduotą dvasinės tvarkos viziją, politika iš esmės tampa grynu galios santykių lauku. Čia nėra bendro pagrindo, kuriuo žmonės galėtų susitarti ir bendrauti. Kitaip tariant, apeliuojama ne į universalią žmogišką tvarką, bet priešingai, nauja žmogiška tvarka yra kuriama prievartos aktais. Ir žmogus tampa tuo, ką jis šitais aktais sugeba įtvirtinti. Bet kuris žmogaus troškimais, jeigu tik turi galios pakankamai įtvirtinti, tampa oficialiai pripažinta vadinamąja žmogiška savybe. Tokiu režimu funkcionuoja vadinamosios žmogaus teisės.

Iš to galima suprasti, kad tokioje politikoje negali būti politinės laisvės. Ta laisvė, kuri vadinama laisve, iš tikrųjų reiškia, kad žmonių santykis grindžiamas gryna galia ir kiekvieną akimirką funkcionuoji politikos lauke, kaip sakytų Hėgelis, arba pono, arba vergo režimu. Šis naujas politikos bruožas būdingas visai moderniai politikai ir visoms ideologijoms: marksizmui, nacionalsocializmui, fašizmui ir galiausiai grynai sekuliaristiniam nacionalizmui. Tokiais atvejais tai, kas yra žmogiškumas, apibrėžia partija, valstybė ir pan. Kiekvienu atveju tai yra galios agentūra. Taip reliatyviu tampa pats supratimas, kas yra žmogus. Tai paaiškina, kodėl tik katalikai – kurie jaučia, kad politiką turi grįsti tam tikra objektyvi dvasinė tvarka - gali taip jautriai pajusti ateinančią prievartą. Jeigu žmogaus vaizdinys yra sureliatyvinamas, jeigu viskas remiasi galia, tai tokiu atveju atsiranda galimybė žmogų apakinti ir užhipnotizuoti, pažadant, kad jo troškimai bus išpildyti nepriklausomai nuo jų teisingumo.

Čia glūdi priežastis, kodėl didelė dalis Lietuvos visuomenės 1940 m. nepajėgė susiorientuoti iš karto, kol nepatyrė prievartos savo kailiu. Tai politikos sampratai ji buvo visiškai neparuošta. Ji nebuvo parengta susidurti su tokio tipo politika. Ir visiškai nuoseklu bei logiška, kad būtent katalikiški sluoksniai pirmieji pajuto ir suprato, kas iš tiesų vyksta, kad vyksta pirmiausiai žmogaus sielos naikinimas. Štai kodėl sukilimas neišvengiamai turėjo būti pirmiausia jų pastangų rezultatas.

O kokia yra šios katalikiškos laisvės sampratos ir sukilimo pamoka Europai? Lietuvoje katalikai vadovavo tiek antisovietinei, tiek antinacistinei rezistencijai. Kitaip tariant, jie reprezentuoja visą kovos prieš tai, ką sąlygiškai pavadinsiu moderniuoju totalitarizmu, lauką. Tuo tarpu Europoje šito niekur neįvyko dėl paprastos priežasties. Didžioji Europos tragedija buvo Hitlerio pergalės, kurios parklupdė Europą. Savaime tai buvo milžiniškas blogis, bet yra nesuvokiama, kokia prasme Hitlerio pergalės buvo paslėptas blogis. Mes užmirštame, kad 4 dešimtmetyje dėl viešpatavimo Europoje kovojo nacionalsocializmas ir komunizmas. Hitlerio pergalė Europoje lėmė, kad komunizmas niekur, išskyrus trumpai vadinamąją respublikinę Ispaniją, neparodė savo veido. Nes jis negavo progos. Štai kodėl kai visoje Europoje buvo kalbama apie nacistinę rezistenciją, buvo labai patogu nutylėti, kad antinacistinės rezistencijos branduolys tokiose šalyse kaip Prancūzija taip pat milžinišku mastu buvo katalikai. Bet joje dėl visai kitų motyvų ir priežasčių dalyvavo ir komunistai. Todėl neatsitiktinai 6 dešimtmečio viduryje buvo nepastebimai perrašyta antinacistinės rezistencijos istorija, visiškai sureikšminant dviejų totalitarinių ideologijų kovą – tarp nacionalsocializmo ir bolševizmo – kuri paradoksaliai buvo giminingų mentalinių ir politinių dalinių kova. Ir sureikšminus šitą kovą buvo užgožtas ir paslėptas tikrasis katalikų vaidmuo, kad katalikiška dvasinės erdvės ir žmogaus samprata grindžiama politinė laisvė yra vienintelė įmanoma autentiška laisvė ir dabar.


Simonas Jazavita: Užsiminėte, kad Birželio sukilimas gali būti svarbus Europai ir pasauliui. Man atrodo, kad tie žmonės, kurie ėmėsi to darbo, matė grėsmes nevienareikšmiškai. Aišku, didžiausia grėsmė matyta iš bolševikų pusės. Kita vertus, net Kazys Škirpa, paklaustas savo šalininkų, sako: tai negi jūs taip pasitikit vokiečiais? Jie mums klūdys. Gal tai ir yra tas nepatogusis klausimas? Visada yra patogiau parodyti žmones, kurie vienai santvarkai labai palankūs buvo, o priešinosi tik kažkuriai vienai.

Vytautas Radžvilas: Jūsų įžvalga tiksli, bet sakyčiau, kad ji nevisiškai išsami. Jeigu kalbame apie Europą, tai reikia turėti galvoje, kad 8 dešimtmečio viduryje, apie 1975 metus, lyg mostelėjus burtų lazdele visos Europos sovietinio tipo kompartijos staigiai pradėjo demokratizuotis, liberalizuotis ir atsirado vadinamasis eurokomunizmas. Jeigu šiandien kalbame apie dabartinę Europos Sąjungos struktūrą ir net jos pareigūnus, kodėl jiems svarbu ištrinti sukilimo atminimą? Todėl, kad šitaip galima būtų ištrinti suvokimą, kad komunizmo šmėkla ir šiandien kybo virš Europos. Kad komunizmas įgijo tik naują pavidalą. Šie klausimai nekeliami, nes ta atmintis yra gana sėkmingai ištrinta. Pavyzdžiui, visai neseniai Europos Komisijos pirmininku buvo Barroso, o juk jis yra buvęs vienas iš Portugalijos komunistų partijos lyderių. Maža to, net ne sovietinio tipo, o iš esmės maoistinės partijos, taigi dar radikalesnės. Kol šito nesuvokiame, klykiame apie Gorbačiovą ir komunistus Rytuose ir nematome, kas dedasi. Yra dar akivaizdesnių pavyzdžių. Tarkime, dabartinė Europos Sąjungos užsienio reikalų ministrė (taip vadinu dėl patogumo) F. Mogherini buvo Italijos komunistinio jaunimo lygos lyderė. Kitaip tariant, pirmoji komjaunuolė. Laisvos, demokratiškos, antikomunistinės ir taip toliau Lietuvos Respublikos užsienio reikalų ministras yra buvęs Visasąjunginės Lenino komunistinės jaunimo sąjungos centro komiteto darbuotojas. Niekam neužkliūna ir tai, kad šalių prezidentais tampa iki pat galo ištikimi anai imperijai buvę žmonės. Sužaidus su vadinamąja jaunojo Markso tematika, įtikinėjama, jog buvo kažkoks labai keistas komunizmo nukrypimas, kuris pasireiškė Rusijoje žiauriais nusikaltimais, bet tai esą buvo ne komunizmo nusikaltimai, ne jo prigimtyje slypinčios galimybės, o viso labo kažkokio žmogėdros Stalino reikalas. Šitaip buvo meistriškai reabilituota komunistų valdžia dabartinėje Vakarų Europoje ir Europos Sąjungoje. Todėl jau pats Sukilimo faktas yra gyvas įrodymas, kad tai buvo lygiaverčiai dalykai. Štai kodėl jį norima priversti pamiršti. 

Boguslavas Gruževskis: O gal čia ne komunizmo problema? Gal tai, kas dabar randama Barroso ir kitų nuostatose, nieko bendro neturi su komunizmo sistema? Gal čia yra kažkas giliau, ko jūs nei vienas neįvardinot? Galbūt čia žmogiškos prigimties, žmogiškumo, jo esmės, kuriuos prof. Radžvilas paminėjo ir savo pranešime, problema? O kaip mes jį pavadinsim, tai jau kitas klausimas. Yra kažkas, kas stumia tą kažką, ko tik šiandien nemokame įvardinti.

Vytautas Radžvilas: Tai tik rodo, kad nebūdamas politologas turite puikią nuojautą, kurios šaltinis yra bendras išsilavinimas. Be jokios abejonės, mano kalboje tai numanoma, bet turėjau 20 minučių ir todėl nemačiau galimybės ir prasmės šnekėti negalėdamas to aptarti išsamiau. Nėra joks atsitiktinumas, kad vykstant diskusijoms dėl Lisabonos sutarties, pirmuose jos variantuose, kuriuos pats mačiau, dar figūravo teiginys, kad krikščionybė yra Europos ištakos. Galutiniam variante tai išnyko. Ką tai reiškia? Katalikybė įkūnija Vakarų krikščionijos žmogaus idealų tipą, jeigu atsiribosime nuo religinių dimensijų. O kas prasideda nuo Renesanso? Vadinamoji Revoliucija, kurios esmė – šitą tipą visiškai likviduoti. Todėl nuo XV a. vyksta permanentinė revoliucija, kuri realizuojama per skirtingus utopinius projektus. Kitaip tariant, tradicinį katalikišką žmogaus tipą norėjo likviduoti visi: komunistai, liberalai ir t.t. Europoje šitas projektas yra tęsiamas toliau. Čia jau yra antropologinės inžinerijos reikalai. Vadinamoji „ortodoksinė“ rusiškoji komunizmo versija buvo pakeista kita, vadinamojo vokiškojo kritinio komunizmo versija, kurią įkūnija Frankfurto mokykla. Įdomiausia tai, kad šita versija yra radikalesnė už sovietinę, bet įgyvendinama jau be prievartos. Rusiškoji komunizmo versija iš dalies žlugo todėl, kad pradėję 1917 m. nuo nepaprastai radikalių dalykų, pvz., seksualinės revoliucijos, jie vėliau pasidavė kultūrinės krikščioniškos tradicijos spaudimui ir šia prasme buvo nepakankamai revoliucingi. Todėl garsioji 1968 m. revoliucija pasakė: Marksas senukas, jį reikia išmesti į istorijos šiukšlyną, jis buvo nepakankamai revoliucingas. Ir todėl Revoliucija dabar tęsiasi dar radikaliau. Todėl tokių sukilimų prisiminimas šiai Revoliucijai yra lyg nuodai.

Laurynas Kasčiūnas: Kodėl krikščioniškoji tradicija yra tai, ką siekiama eliminuoti iš Europos gyvenimo ir nustumti į paraštes? Kai eliminuoji Europos sielą, jos tapatybę, po to gali tą tokią neaiškią mūsų socialinę masę naudoti įvairiems socialinės inžinerijos projektams. Tam pirmiausia reikia eliminuoti nacionalinę valstybę, krikščionybę, o tada jau gali pradėti įgyvendinti savo projektus. Visada gerai tokius sudėtingus intelektualinius dalykus išvesti į palyginimus. Dabar Kaczynskis daromas antieuropietiškumo simboliu ir grėsme. O koks nors Cohn-Benditas – žaliasis, kuris dar prieš 30 metų kalbėjo, kaip reikia pedofiliją įteisinti - šiandien vertinamas kaip vienas iš jų žaliosios tradicijos ideologų. Taip yra perkainojamos vertybės. Žmogus, buvęs „Solidarumo“ branduolyje, Lenkijos tėvas, dabar yra stumiamas į tokią poziciją. Arba pažiūrėkime, kaip Europos Parlamente yra vertinama istorija. Šarlis de Golis nėra Europos tėvas tik dėl to, kad kažkada kalbėjo apie nacionalinį interesą, nacionalines valstybes, o įvairūs federalistai, Spinelli ir panašūs komunistai yra laikomi Europos tėvais įkūrėjais. Buvusiems komunistams labai lengva dabar kalbėti, jie neturi nacionalinių valstybių suvokimo ir labai lengvai tampa federacinės Europos šalininkais. Tai gerai parodo, kaip čia susijungia ideologijos. 

          01/07/2017: FRONT PAGE: Leaders back gay marriage in Northern Ireland   
DAVID YOUNG Labour’s Kezia Dugdale, Patrick Harvie from the Green Party and Liberal Democrat Willie Rennie all voiced support. Their intervention comes ahead of a major demonstration by gay rights activists in Belfast today. The region is the only...
          Democrats Need To Recognize That Obama Screwed Over The Working Class   
Liberals see Obama as an economic savior who stopped a financial crisis, created scores of (crappy or part time) jobs, and did his best to fight for the little guy. That’s what the Left says. Stoller added that the evidence presents a different picture and one that offers a reason why Trump beat Hillary Clinton last November. For starters, Obama allowed the banks for foreclose on nearly 10 million homes, favored creditors over borrowers when both probably should have been shouldering the burden of the housing crisis together, and didn’t prosecute anyone who was involved in almost setting the world...
          Liberals may hate Trump’s first 10 days, but GOP base loves it   
Many of the dominant images from President Trump’s first 10 days in office make it look as if the country is turning on him. The millions who protested him at women’s marches across the country. The thousands who jammed airports over the weekend to support immigrants and refugees hurt by his travel ban. Nevertheless, it’s unlikely any of this early backlash will mean much to the swing-state voters who sent Trump to the White House to deliver a message that the political system wasn’t working for them. “Is the white, blue-collar voter in Pennsylvania going to be upset by all...
          BREAKING: Francis names Jesuit as Vatican doctrine chief    
BREAKING: Francis names Jesuit as Vatican doctrine chief 
What a surprise, not!
Francis has named a Jesuit, Archbishop Luis Ladaria Ferrer, to replace Cardinal Gerhard Müller as Prefect for the Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith (CDF).  
Ladaria Ferrer, 73, was previously Secretary of the CDF.

The appointment is coming at the end of Müller's five-year term, however prefects have generally had their terms extended until normal retirement age at 75.

Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger served as prefect from 1981-2005, leaving the post at age 78 when he was elected Pope Benedict XVI.
The head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith was at one time second in power only to the Pope.
Cardinal Muller has been steadfast in his opposition to the liberal interpretation of Amoris Laetitia favored by Francis.
In terms of vocal "conservatives" in the hierarchy of the Vatican only Cardinal Robert Sarah remains. Cardinal Burke was removed by Francis and demoted to patron of the Order of Malta. Australian Cardinal George Pell, as reported this week, is now off to his home country to defend himself against media-hyped charges of sexual abuse.
Cardinal Muller, according to sources, seems set to take over as the Patron of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, replacing Cardinal Edwin O’Brien who at 78 is three years past retirement age.

TCK: The Apostate Church of Darkness of Rome is close!  Blessed Anna emmerick warned....Pope Benedict XVI will soon flee Rome.  Antipope francis will step to the side or "resign" paving the way for the False Prophet "Master Jesus"

TradCatKnight Exclusive: Bl. Anne Emmerich & the Apostasy 

TradCatKnight Exclusive: Back to the Catacombs  

 40th Anniversary of the Priesthood of Monsignor Jean-Michel Faure

Sent by Monsignor Lefebvre as an apostle to our American lands, he was first Superior of the District of South America (FSSPX), Director of the Seminary of the Reja (FSSPX), District Superior of Mexico (FSSPX), and as Mgr. " Archbishop Lefebvre's right-hand arm in Latin America for decades, the Father enjoyed unlimited confidence on the part of the Archbishop (he was the only one who had access to his private correspondence) and in fact, it is said that Monsignor Lefebvre wanted to consecrate him Bishop, but The Father refused in humility. Thanks to this great friendship and trust, Father Faure had the grace to know and understand as few as our Founder . " By this fidelity to the good fight without compromises with the enemies of the catholic faith, was persecuted by the liberals that they copied the Brotherhood and they betrayed to the Founder.

But God had reserved for him the cross and the burden that honors him, the bishopric, when consecrated by Bishop Williamson.

Founder of the Priestly Society of the Apostles of Jesus and Mary (SAJM), he is also the director of the Saint Louis Grignion de Montfort International Seminary in Avrillé, France, following the path laid out by his teacher, Mons. Marcel Lefebvre.

God reward your efforts for the Catholic Faith, thank you Monsignor!

Accompanying Monsignor Lefebvre (always on his right):

Official photo in the FSSPX (the passage of the years):

The day of his episcopal consecration (March 19, 2015):

Foundation of the SAJM (August 22, 2016):

Monsignor signs and seals the first incardinations in the SAJM.

His first priestly ordination, Archbishop André Zelaya OSB:

During a Mass in Saltillo, Mexico:

At the end of a retreat, with priests and seminarians (October 2016):

Taking of cassock of seminarians in the Dominican convent of Avrillé
(February 11, 2017):

Confirmations in the Dominican convent of Avrillé
(June 24, 2017):

Consecration of the Seminary Saint Louis Marie Grignion de Montfort (SAJM) to the Sacred Heart of Jesus

(June 23, 2017):

Mons. Looks forward to the future, abandoned to Divine Providence and without deviating from the path traced by Monsignor Lefebvre, by Saint Pius X and all Saints and Popes who continued the Gospel of Jesus Christ:

          Spiritual Wickedness in High Places: Malachi Martin on The End of Religion (As We Know It)   
Spiritual Wickedness in High Places: Malachi Martin on The End of Religion (As We Know It)
(Note: The following was one of the last interviews by Malachi Martin before his death in 1999.)

      Ever since Nimrod and the Tower of Babel, the Power Elite have never given up on their feverish dream of a One World Government.

      Former Jesuit Malachi Martin's novel, Windswept House (Doubleday/ Main Street Books), offers a lurid behind the scenes look at a cabal of Vatican insiders who want to use the Roman Catholic Church as a foundation for a politico-religious New World Order.

      The plot of the novel involves a group of Church officials who scheme with a group of like-minded corporate executives to manipulate the Church into a ready-made infrastructure for a One World Religion -- a universal umbrella for everybody from Episcopalians to voodoo practitioners.

      The new ecumenicalism is clothed in Globalist garb. The agenda includes promoting issues like population control, environmentalism and secular humanism, which the plotters hope will eventually lead to the complete secularization of religion. 

      The most outrageous and controversial premise of the novel -- described in great detail in the prologue -- is that a ceremony was performed in the Vatican in 1963 -- an occult ritual which enthroned the fallen archangel Lucifer as the head of the Roman Catholic Church.

      Does Dr. Martin believe that this enthronement actually took place in his novel, which could liberally be described as a roman a clef?

      "Yes, it did," he says emphatically. "Beyond a shadow of a doubt in my mind. But now the place, time, hour etc., are all obfuscated to protect the guilty and save the innocent."

      Was it common knowledge in the Vatican at the time? "Not common knowledge," explains Martin. "But I found out about it by being a member of the Vatican circles that learned these things. It's like everything else. I'm sure there are people floating around Washington, and they know an awful lot about what's going on. Someone says, 'how do you know that'? Well, it's just... we know it."

      The story ofWindswept House continues in present day Europe as an international group of conspirators spanning Church and State plots a one world government on behalf of Lucifer. So are readers to infer that no matter what happens, the Pope and the Church hierarchy are bound to serve the fallen angel?

      "No," explains Dr. Martin. "What it means is that for the moment, Lucifer the biggest archangel, the leader of the revolt against God, has a big in with certain Vatican officials. Enthronement doesn't mean that he rules. It means that they did their best to put him there. The ideal would be to have their man as Pope. In that case then Satan would be enthroned."

      The book goes on to describe how two brothers, one a priest and the other an investment banker, grapple with these awesome consequences as pawns in the game. Meanwhile the cabal of Globalist-oriented Vatican officials and European-based internationalists try to corner the Pope into voluntary resignation so that they can get their man in the Chair of Peter.

      This theme coincidentally is also the basis, albeit in non-fiction form, of Martin's book The Keys of This Blood: Pope John Paul II Versus Russia and the West for Control of the New World Order.

      The upshot? A One World Government is a fait accompli, he infers. What Dr. Martin calls the "millennium endgame" is a competition for a new global hegemony by the key Globalist players. What's interesting is that the novel appears to be a seamless transition from his previous non-fiction work. The reader then is put in the position of concluding that the New World Order is a done deal, that a One World Government is here and now and, as the expression goes, it's all over but the crying.

      But you wouldn't expect Globalist agit-prop from a former Jesuit. Or would you?

The Enthronement of Lucifer in the Vatican


And Who Is Malachi Martin?

      Author of 15 books on religious and geo-political topics, Malachi Martin is highly regarded and respected as a world renowned scholar.

      Trained in theology at Louvain, he received his doctorates in Semitic Languages, Archaeology and Oriental History. He subsequently studied at Oxford and Hebrew University in Jerusalem. From 1958 to 1964, he served in Rome, where he was a close associate of the Jesuit cardinal Augustin Bea and Pope John XXIII, as well as a professor at the Vatican's Pontifical Biblical Institute.

      Malachi Martin is the author of many best-selling books including Vatican, Hostage to the Devil, The Jesuits, The Final Conclave, and The Keys of This Blood. Also he was a Roman Catholic priest of the Society of Jesus until 1964 when he left the Jesuits. Why?

      "It was a grave decision," he says. "I could see the way the Church was going, the way churchmen were going in their decisions and all the anchors I had for morality and zeal were being undone. Then when the Vatican Council started in 1962, I could see the way the flow of opinion was going in the Vatican by a group of cardinals from Belgium, Germany and France. They were maneuvering the Church into totally new ecclesiology. I couldn't accept this."

      As an advisor to three Popes, Dr. Martin has had his fair share of romanita, that uniquely Roman methodology of connivance and power politicking. "I started off as an advisor on Judaism," he continues. "I was trained in Semitic languages and I spent a year and a half studying the Talmud... Then my superiors in Rome also found that I understood Judaism very well. They wanted someone to explain it, since they were studying the whole question of Jewish-Christian relations. So I was drafted into helping with that."

      And the outcome? "They produced a document in which they sort of absolved the Jewish people of the death of Christ."

      Based on his research? "No, not on my research," argues Martin. "I was only a cog in the wheel. I didn't agree with the final document either. It went too far. And then there were conclusions about the need for Catholics to study Judaism and get to know them better."

So this was the ecumenicalization of the Church that was going on?

      "That's it in one word," concurs Martin. "And I couldn't agree with the total effect of all that because I thought they went too far."

      Dr. Martin was also involved with Vatican intelligence. What did he do? "Just assessing things in Israel, whatever anti-Christianity there was amongst the Israelis. There was and still is. And what was the position of the Arabs. I used to live in Jordan and Lebanon and Egypt. I knew those places very well and could assess the position of the Church and the various Christian communities."

      The many-talented Dr. Martin is also known as a practicing exorcist and has even written a book about the subject called Hostage to the Devil.

      He says he came up against evil as a force in the world in an uncontrovertible undeniable way in his first exorcism.

      "I was in Cairo and it was evil," Dr. Martin recalls.

      "You know you only have to enter its presence, or for it to enter your presence to know that you are in the presence of something which is summarily evil."

      "It's invisible. You can't see it. But you know it wants you dead. Dead. Dead. And in a horrible way," he repeats in a hypnotic voice. "It's touching your very bones by its presence."

      So how does he explain the phenomenon of demonic possession? "Free will", says Dr. Martin. "For the first time in the work we have been doing for thirty-one years in this corner of the globe, during the last ten years or so, we have found young men and women thirty-somethings or twenty-somethings coming forward and saying, 'Listen I made a pact with the devil. I wanted this woman. I wanted this man. I wanted this job. I wanted this money. I wanted this, this, this, and I made a pact and he gave it to me and now I can't get free of him. He dominates my will. Please liberate me. And then people get to it by means of things like a ouija board or by spiritual seances or channeling."

      Malachi Martin is also known as a serious scholar of apocryphal writings, having authored a book called The Scribal Character of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

      (As an impressive mark of his erudition, Malachi Martin even knew about the alternative Abraham and Isaac story in one of the so-called Pseudepigrapha, the Book of Jubilees. In this unsanctioned version of Genesis, Abraham is commanded to kill his son, but not by God. Instead it is Mastema, a fallen angel known as "the accusing angel" as well as the Tempter and Executioner, who tells the Hebrew patriarch to do the dirty deed. To his credit, of course, Abraham doesn't slaughter his firstborn. When asked why the Genesis version omits details of the fallen angel Mastema as the instigator of Abraham's test, however, even Malachi Martin admits ignorance.)

Bernard Janzen "Fr. Malachi Martin: Camouflaged Apostasy"

The Globalist Imperative

      Like the prissy intellectuals of the 1930s enamored by National Socialism (as well as Fabian Socialism), the current fin de siecle version of internationalists are likewise paving their own road to a Globalist hell with good intentions.

      Using the Hegelian model of history, first there was Capitalism (thesis), then Communism (antithesis), and now there's the New World Order (synthesis), risen from the ashes of the Cold War and the formerly 'competing' ideologies.

      International socialism or corporate fascism (aka Globalism) is, in fact, the trendy philosophy for the end of the millennium. In his book Megatrends 2000, Olympian futurist John Naisbitt calls it "free market socialism," a hybrid economic system that combines welfare state policies with multinational corporate business on a global level.

      Globalism, however, as a secular religion, has a dogma all its own. Its primary belief system is based on the notion that the usefulness of the nation-state is over. In other words, national sovereignty is a thing of the past and a One World Government is inevitable. But... this effort, at least for now, must be couched in cryptic language for the unwashed masses. Otherwise they'd get too upset.

      Globalist spokesman Zbigniew Brzezinski, former Columbia University professor, President Carter's former National Security advisor, and founder of the Trilateral Commission spoke at the Gorbachev Foundation's State of the World Forum in 1995, "We cannot leap into world government in one quick step," he said. "(It) requires a process of gradually expanding the range of democratic cooperation." In plain language, that means people must be further indoctrinated.

      Eurocrat Jean-Marie Guehenno hints at this global hegemony or one world totalitarianism calling it an "empire without an emperor." Guehenno wrote The End of the Nation-State (1995) which was called La fin de la democratie (The End of Democracy) in the original French version. Since nation states are obsolete, he claims, "'wise men' capable of thinking through the finite world that has become our common lot" must be entrusted to guide us into what he calls an 'Imperial Age'." Presumably Guehenno counts himself as one of the ranks of "The Wise Men."

      Most striking though is a chapter in Guehenno's book called "Religions without God", which evokes the image of the humanist shaking his fist at an empty sky. The ultimate reduction of this conundrum for the internationalists is to hint at a "global politburo" to run the world as posited by Paul Mazur in Unfinished Business (1979).

      According to Dr. Martin's nomenclature, Guehenno is one of the Transnationalists -- bureaucrats who believe that Globalism is based on "the development of new and ever wider interrelationships between the governments of the world".

      On the other hand, the Internationalists are "individuals who operate from a power base of finance, industry and technology". Together these groups are the Globalists, the social engineers conniving for the convergence of East and West in the so-called New World Order.

Luciferian Geo-Politics

      For a Churchman, Malachi Martin shows a remarkable familiarity and understanding of Luciferianism, a belief system which hold human wisdom, secular humanism if you will, as its paragon and the fallen archangel Lucifer as the Prince who will rule the world.

      Readers ofWindswept Houseare given the impression that the old traditional Catholic Church is good because the protagonists, Christian Gladstone and his mother are defending it, while we know that the Church has been dedicated to Lucifer. Faced with these two alternatives, the conclusion is that the Roman Catholic Church run by Lucifer is good -- a classic (and incredibly sophisticated) double bind, which is constantly reinforced in the reader's mind throughout the 646 pages of the novel.

      "Well, the Church itself has not been given to Lucifer," argues Dr. Martin. "He was enthroned in the Vatican by Vatican officials. That doesn't mean he possesses the Church yet. The Church anyway is an ambiguous term because it either means the actual physical bloc of churches, convents, libraries, academies, parish houses and cathedrals, the physical plant. Or it means the group of faithful in the state of grace whether they are alive in Purgatory or in Heaven. That is the body of Christ."

      "There has always been, since the fourth century, this organization set up by the Emperor Constantine. But that is not essential for the Church. The Church can exist without it. So that mystical body of Christ has not fallen into Lucifer's hands. The organization to some degree has. That's the difficulty."

      What about the book putting his readers in a double bind? You're presented with two choices. Either A. The Luciferian-controlled Roman Catholic Church. Or B. The Luciferian-controlled New World Order. So where does Malachi Martin find himself?

      "The New World Order is definitely won by Luciferian believers," says Dr. Martin. "There's no doubt about that."

      And then he starts to rationalize their modus operandi.

      "But these are men who came to be and are in their actions at least, humanitarian and philanthropic. They want to wipe out hunger and disease. They want to limit the population of the world. They believe the world is headed for mass starvation. They also want to enter into education. They would like to have an alliance with the Roman Catholic Church and with another pope. This one -- they know would stand in their way in regards to population control because he is deadstart against abortion, contraceptives, genetic engineering."

      And what about "The Process" he refers to in his book?

      Dr. Martin replies that it's the "Luciferian Process" of secularizing every religious mind so that the common mind today would be one which regarded the earth as a planned paradise to be built up. There is no God above the skies, no heaven, and there is no hell beneath the earth. It's complete secularization."

      (John Lennon's classic rock anthem "Imagine" comes to mind. "Imagine there's no country," he sang. "It isn't hard to do. Nothing to kill or die for. And no religion too.")

      But do the Luciferians have a timetable?

      "We are now according to the official doctrine of the Luciferians in what they call "the Availing Time". They have a tradition that in these years they can avail of the time to install the Prince, who is Lucifer, as the greatest power on earth in charge of human civilization and adored by men."

      And to what end?

      "To exalt the power of Lucifer. That is the end in itself. It's the Luciferian purpose. If they don't do it in these years, then it is put off sine die, without resolution. They are very keen on getting it done."

      And what are the next steps in this "Process"?

      "The purpose is to secularize education completely," continues Dr. Martin. "And to eliminate from considerations of life and death -- medicine, sociality, finance, birth, development etc., to free that of any religious presumption whatever. To free it from the superstition of religion so that man is dealt with scientifically and humanly. And that is 'the Process'. 'The Process' is to make the human mind accept that... 'The Process' is whereby all education, primary secondary and higher, college university and all public activity is completely rid of all religious presumptions."

      "There is a layer of satanism, of satanist ritual which prepares people for perfect Luciferian adoption. They have covens and sacrifices and rites. The Luciferians have no rites, you know."

      So dabbling with satanism in these rituals leads to a different form of "commitment" which is Luciferianism?

      "It is a preparation for Luciferianism and there are reversals sometimes," claims Dr. Martin. "You will find a crowd of Luciferians having a satanic ritual as a reminder of things. But they have all passed through in a sense and that involves three things: the infliction of pain without flinching, the infliction of death without flinching, and the use of fire."

Windswept House — Message and Subtext

      In Windswept House, Christians and Luciferians clash over the remains of the Roman Catholic Church. It's a controversial and provocative story, a political thriller with metaphysical implications. It delves into the depths of treachery, intrigue and Machiavellian politics at the highest levels of the Church. As a fact-based novel with frequent lengthy asides on real historical geopolitical events like the fall of the Soviet Empire and the Helsinki Accords,Windswept House is a vehicle for one simple message -- the New World Order is here and now.

      While a group of cardinals scheme to force the Pope to resign his office so they'll be able to install a man who will do the Luciferians' bidding, a priest, Christian Gladstone is called to Rome. Cardinal Maestroianni, a power player and one of the leaders of the cabal, enlists the priest to poll bishops regarding closer ties with the European Economic Community. In fact, however, the Cardinal is assessing the timing for a conclave in which the Slavic Pope would be forced to resign because he has become a stumbling block in the Luciferians' plans.

      From the business side, Paul Gladstone, Christian's brother and an expert in international relations working at a Globalist law firm, is also unknowingly recruited to bring the Luciferian plan to fruition. When the brothers find out they are both being unwittingly used in the schemes of the Luciferians, they join forces. Christian then must reach the Pope to tell him that he is being manipulated to abdicate the Chair of Peter.

      Will the Pope resign? And will he exorcise the Church in time?

      The subtext? It doesn't really make a hell of a lot of a difference. 

Father Malachi Martin: End of Christian Civilization

The Future of the Church Militant

      In his novelWindswept House Malachi Martin expostulates his readers regarding the reasons why the "Slavic Pope" (Pope John Paul II) is so ineffectual. But what is the Pope's agenda as he sees it?

      "I think that from the very start John Paul II for whatever reasons, has sought after one thing and one thing only," says Dr. Martin. The formation of what now appears to be in his mind, a universal assemblage of Catholics at the core; grouped with them the Protestant denominations, sects and churches; grouped around them believing Jews, believing Muslims, believing Hindus, believing Buddhists. And that would be a universal religious assembly that could have a powerful dynamic kick in civilization and in solving the problems of men and women today. That is the only thing you can really say this man has sought heart and soul and body with all his travelling. When he went to churches all over the world, member churches of the Catholic Church in all the countries, he was bolstering the reputation of the papacy and he was speaking Catholic dogma, Catholic belief, Catholic morals. But in reality he was reaching out to everybody. He wanted to make friends with everybody."

      And what about the widespread homosexuality, pedophilia and satanic rituals in the Church, common knowledge he avers known to all Vatican insiders? Since as he wrote Christ is no longer honored in the tabernacle, what does he think will happen?

      "Once the tabernacle is emptied of Christ's real presence, then the Church ceases to be holy and therefore it's going to be entered by the opposite power, Lucifer," says Martin. "And this is taking place now. Not widespread, but it is taking place. There's no doubt about that."

      So will the Church fall on its own? "It's disintegrating slowly," says Martin. "As an organization, it's being marginalized sociopolitically and culturally. And religiously, it's weakening and decaying, obsolescing..."

      "If you look at any country today there are three identifiable components of that State. One, the government. Two, there is industry. Third, there are what we call NGOs, the non-governmental organizations. That's everything from Mothers Against Drunk Drivers to the Catholic Church. And they're just simply lumped together, voluntary associations with as much power as they can grasp but of no special importance. Now fifty or seventy years ago, when an ethical or moral question arose, people and governments looked to the churches. Now they don't any longer."

      And yet another sensitive question. Something doesn't add up. Malachi Martin's a priest. He's supposed to fight evil. Yet his bookWindswept Houseis clear evidence that he's thrown in the towel.

      "Well I don't see evidence of having thrown in the towel," protests Dr. Martin. "Because there's a lot I'm being made to pay for, in the sense that the writer obviously likes and reveres this Pope even though he disagrees with him. The writer also believes in the blessed sacrament. He believes in the Pope's infallibility. He believes in salvation. He believes in hell. He believes in the evil of the devil."

      So why doesn'tWindswept Houseend with Christ victorious in the book?

      Does Dr. Martin believe that the Luciferian forces have won already?

      "No. No. No," insists Dr. Martin. "This is an interim book. It ends in a big doubt -- everybody waiting." This must be what they call the European ending -- as opposed to the American ending where all the loose ends are tied up.

      Then the story shifts into "The Devil, Er, I Mean the Editor Made Me Do It". "The publisher said, 'listen the story isn't finished yet,'" says Dr. Martin. "I had a lovely glorious ending. I had a vision. I had a marvellous thing over the Alps. He cut it out."

      This is an actual editorial decision? "Yes," says Dr. Martin.

      But with all due respect, it almost sounds like Luciferian tampering. Not that anyone wants a saccharine ending. So are readers to conclude that the Luciferians won because of the passivity of the Pope in defending the Church?

      "Well, they haven't won yet," says Dr. Martin on a slightly upbeat note. "We're waiting for this man to do something. He's the Vicar of Christ. I know I'm defending him but..."

      "Readers who call me or write me say, what do we do now? I say, read my next book," he continues.

      With Martin's death on July 28, 1999, his suggestion seems to be a moot point.

      "So perhaps editorially," he concludes, "it was the right decision, but religiously it was the wrong decision. I don't know."

      It's been said that "by their fruits, ye shall know them." Malachi Martin's assent to the so-called "process" is the tangible "fruit" of Windswept House.

      Is the novel a prophecy? Or is it just a warning?

      In any case, the New (Luciferian) World Order that Martin describes puts a religious spin to the whole "process" of history.

It's also clear -- the book is a Luciferian masterpiece.  

TradCatKnight in the media: THE SATANIC VATICAN DECEPTION 

Look, we get it. You're a professional baseball team with a -- shall we say -- "colorful" logo that hasn't aged well. And all those PC liberal elites are calling for you to get rid of it. But your fans don't want to see it go. So here's a compromise: Keep it! But just make a few small tweaks to the team name and mascot. Just think of the benefits. The "Intruders" will be able to make their own rules. Don't like the 3-strikes rule? Just go back on your promise to honor it when you're batting. And you'll enjoy an unprecedented home-field advantage. Basically, wherever we go, that land will become yours, just by setting foot on it. It'll be like we're playing 162 home games a year! And if another team complains, you can just move them to South Dakota.

Regular Price: $28.00

Special Price: $24.00

          Hiroshima - Unknown 1972   
This is another great poster from OSPAAAL using simple pop art graphics, in this case by an unknown artist, to recall the bombing of Hiroshima in August 1945 by the American forces. The Cuban government's choice of August 6th for its day of world solidarity with the struggle of the Japanese people highlighted American aggression during a period when the Vietnam war was escalating. However in 1972 Japan, in contrast to a number of communist and socialist countries, had a democratic general election (won by the Liberal Democratic Party), a booming economy, and high levels of personal freedom. The Japanese people of 1972 may not have recognised the struggle represented by this poster.
solidarity with hiroshima ospaaal poster political japanese people
          Almanya’da Protestan kilisesine bağlı binada açılan İbni Rüşd-Goethe Camisi’ne tepkiler çığ gibi büyüyor   
Almanya’nın başkenti Berlin’de İslamiyet’i kendi sapık görüşlerine göre tahrif edip bir kilisede açılan sözde ‘liberal cami’ye Müslümanlardan ve STK’lardan sert tepkiler geldi. Hiçbir dine uymayan hareketlerin yapıldığı, ahlaki ilkenin tanınmadığı, kadın ve erkeklerin birlikte ibadet ettikleri mekana burka ve peçe takanların haricinde herkes alınıyor. Türkiye doğumlu kadın hakları aktivisti ve avukat Seyran Ateş’in öncülüğünde kurulan sözde camiye Sunni, Şii, Alevi, ateist, LGBT, kadın-erkek herkesin girebildiği ve başörtüsü takma zorunluluğunun olmaması sapkınlıklarını bir kez daha gözler önüne seriyor.
          Comment on 9 Awesome Concealed Carry Handguns Under $300 by Jim Sullivan   
If you actually do your research, you will find that most murders and mass killings are done by the left. The few exceptions have been the wacko that attacked Gabby Gifford and the guy who attacked the church. Aside from that, the individuals who have "hit the end of their rope" have been liberals. They are not centrist liberals, they are extremists.
          7/2/2017: Front Page: VOTERS CAN’T TRUST UNION MAN BILL   
THE main reason the Liberals must get their act together is that a change of government doesn’t just mean that Labor will be in government; it means that Australia’s worst union, the CFMEU, will be calling the shots. Recently, more than 100 CFMEU...
          7/2/2017: Front Page: Bishop offering Liberals a lifeline   
THERE is a bleak consensus among the realists on the Liberal side of politics that Malcolm Turnbull is a nowhere man with no chance of victory; that the destructive Tony Abbott has neither the numbers nor voter appeal to provide an alternative and that...
          Almanya’da Protestan kilisesine bağlı binada açılan İbni Rüşd-Goethe Camisi’ne tepkiler çığ gibi büyüyor   
Almanya’nın başkenti Berlin’de İslamiyet’i kendi sapık görüşlerine göre tahrif edip bir kilisede açılan sözde ‘liberal cami’ye Müslümanlardan ve STK’lardan sert tepkiler geldi. Hiçbir dine uymayan hareketlerin yapıldığı, ahlaki ilkenin tanınmadığı, kadın ve erkeklerin birlikte ibadet ettikleri mekana burka ve peçe takanların haricinde herkes alınıyor. Türkiye doğumlu kadın hakları aktivisti ve avukat Seyran Ateş’in öncülüğünde kurulan sözde camiye Sunni, Şii, Alevi, ateist, LGBT, kadın-erkek herkesin girebildiği ve başörtüsü takma zorunluluğunun olmaması sapkınlıklarını bir kez daha gözler önüne seriyor.
           African archbishops plan to snub October summit    
Insiders said four or five other conservative archbishops from Africa and Asia could boycott the Canterbury summit because Justin Welby is seen as too liberal over homosexuality.
           Theresa May's deputy admits tuition fees are 'huge issue'    
In his speech to the Bright Blue liberal conservative think tank in central London, Damian Green (pictured) urged the Tories to 'change hard' to woo young, educated Labour voters.
          Polls and the line between truth and conspiracy theory   
In the poll on conspiracy theories I mentioned a few days ago, I mostly focused on the item about vaccines, mentioning in passing the fact that Democrats (and liberals) bought into far fewer conspiracy theories than Republicans (or conservatives). I didn’t point out that, of the “conspiracy theories” Democrats were more likely to accept, several…
          Footprints in the Windsm # 1704–Speak the word of authorization   
Footprints in the Windsm # 1704 Speak the word of authorization Invite free hearing Evoke imaginative seeing What else? Who else? Alternative universes invent! Poetry, mystery, whole-making do! Speak out of the new, barely understood Into the new Die, ego, to the old Neither conservative nor liberal Only promising Ever to love Never the final […]
          Amazing Monsoon Destinations in Asia   

Envision the cool rainstorm breeze shaking you in a sleep with you tucked into a comfortable cover tuning in to the sound of the raindrops against your window. The storm is a wonderful time. The clean and warmth settle and the rain divine beings remunerate our understanding with showers of help. With splendid, fluorescent greens all around that increase the draw of nature, the outside entice us to investigate, meander and delight in their appeal. Rainstorm mean hot cocoa and vivid umbrellas, petrichor and flying creature tunes. Goodness what a wonderland it makes! In the event that storm had a home, it would be South East Asia. This piece of Asia gets changed into a rich, green Utopia in the downpours. So whether its virgin rain-woodlands of Malaysia or the paddy fields of Indonesia, storms in Asia will make you go gaga for life in all its magnificence.


Rainstorms in India are frantic, tremendous and genuine in the meantime. They bring eminent grins, impromptu bewilderment and wash this magnetic scene with lavish green tints. All finished India, individuals experience the sweltering warmth of summers with just a single expectation in their brain; that the rain divine beings will be sufficiently caring to seem early. Such a great amount of relies upon the storms; the products, the celebrations and even the economy! What’s more, kid do the petitions work! At the point when the downpours come, they change the geography of this great country into something that is appropriate out of a legendary children’s story. A portion of the best places to visit in rainstorm in India are:


Rainstorm are caring to Kerala and favor this land with uncommon sights and scenes. Despite the fact that downpours are very substantial in this piece of the nation, they carry with them fabulous normal magnificence and a new breath of air, living Kerala up to the name divine beings claim nation.



Goa is a heaven in downpours. The coconut trees move in a glad daze and the ocean is thundering and swelled with water. Despite the fact that you cannot take off to the shoreline amid this time, youll need nothing more except for a sluggish watercraft ride on the backwaters to appreciate the mysterious view. Can’t go to the shoreline in rainstorm? Try not to stress there are numerous different things to do in Goa in Monsoon.


Karnataka winds up plainly splashed in excellence amid the storms. Waterfalls in Karnataka are an incredible sight in the times of July-August. Make a beeline for Coorg to sentiment in the midst of the espresso manors and waterfalls or to the compelling Jog falls in Shimoga area that move in jollity amid the downpours.



Home to Cherapunji and Mawsynram, the wettest places on earth, storms have an exceptional importance in this state. Shillong, encompassed with valleys, decorates perfect waterfalls and an all encompassing perspective of the moving slopes. North-east India with its untouched magnificence and virgin backwoods is genuinely a rain-darlings paradise.



At the point when there are storms in India, Indonesia is generally dry with light, discontinuous downpours that don’t come in the method for investigating this shocking nation. Indonesia, once the underdog of tourism, has since demonstrated that it offers amazing open doors for travel and touring. From one viewpoint Sumatra will entrance with its superb Lake Toba and on the other Bali will urge you to absorb its warm sun and delicate sands. That is the reason April to October is the best time to visit Bali . Jakarta is ending up being a shopaholics dream work out as expected and the Ayer islands are ideal for scuba jumping and snorkeling. Indonesia is unassuming, beautiful and brimming with conceivable outcomes!



Thailand has an overwhelming rainstorm which is for the most part packed in its terrain. Storms shed the breathtaking exterior of Bangkok and despite the fact that the downpours here come to put it plainly, overwhelming spells, theres no chance you can avoid its appeal. The more secure spots to visit in Thailand amid the downpours are Koh Samui, Koh Phangan and Koh Tao where rain is less an aggravation instead of an enhancer of excellence. Prepare for amazing offers on lodgings and shopping amid this time and excellence like you have never experienced!



Malaysia is a standout amongst the most energizing rainstorm goals in Asia. It has everything; a virgin rainforest, stunning scuba plunge destinations, liberal retail treatment and even a world well known Orang-utan recovery focus! Amid the conventional storm period of whatever is left of Asia, Malaysia’s east drift is as yet dry which implies that its reality class shorelines are as yet available. So you can pick your enterprise: trekking, shake climbing, scuba-plunging or shop-bouncing! Malaysia is an explorers dream-work out as expected whenever of the year.



Favored with two rainstorm, clamoring Singapore does not stop for any season! The main motivation to make a beeline for Singapore amid rainstorm is its observed Great Singapore Sale which offers mind blowing rebates, giving you a chance to look as chic and all around prepared as the Singaporeans so easily do! So go to this garden city to make the most of its total and find the incalculable liberalities and shocks anticipating you!


The post Amazing Monsoon Destinations in Asia appeared first on NewsCrab.

          Russian Vine Pests   

I know that Russian Vines are pretty indestructible, but something appears to be making a good job of killing mine!

The leaves and tips of the new shoots seem to be being eaten by something (great big chunks out of the leaves, new shoots brown and dead). Despite thorough investigation, I can't see any aphids or bugs on the plant. The same thing happened last year and it never flowered or grew much. I moved it to a new site (full sun, plenty of moisture), thinking the growth was being stunted by its' location (by my shed, in dry shade near a large pine tree) and applied liberal doses of bug killer. I also have a Japanese Quince and a clematis nearby, and neither of these are affected.

Does anyone have any ideas as to what might be attacking it? I think this plant is beyond salvaging, but I'd like to know if any replacements will suffer a similar fate (I'm thinking of clematis montana or a climbing hydrangea - anything that'll go rampant and disguise an ugly shed and corner and, preferably, is self-supporting).

          Gazzada, Incontro a porte chiuse per il lancio del centro liberal-popolare   
Gazzada - A convocare gli oltre 40 partecipanti al confronto il presidente del Consiglio regionale Cattaneo
          Robredo learns the art of war   
When her daughter Tricia was running for valedictorian honors in high school a few years ago, Leni Robredo did away with motherly words of encouragement. Instead, according to her eldest Aika, she gave her second-born a copy of Sun Tzu's "Art of War."   It's a classic that one might find on Robredo's bedside table these days, given that she has slowly and painfully been learning the ways of political warfare as she strikes a delicate balance between her official role as constitutional successor to President Duterte, and as opposition leader, being the titular head of the Liberal Party (LP).   One year into office, and the outsider Vice President has had to move ...

Keep on reading: Robredo learns the art of war
          Michael Moore: Dems Have ‘No Message, No Plan, No Leaders   

Moore sounds off after last night's defeat in Georgia 6

'Dems are 0-4'

Liberal activist Michael Moore lashed out at national Democrats on Wednesday after the party fell short in a special House runoff election in Georgia despite spending tens of millions of dollars on a race that was viewed as a referendum on President Trump.

Moore and others on the left are furious with what they view as a rudderless Democratic Party that has failed to develop a new strategy or message in the wake of Hillary Clinton’s surprising election loss in November.

Moore ripped the Democratic National Committee and its House campaign arm for having “no message, no plan, no leaders.” Democratic leaders “hate the resistance,” Moore said, underscoring the lingering tension between the party’s grassroots base and the establishment in Washington.

Moore takes to Twitter: 'The DNC has NO idea how to win'...

          Apology To Mardi Gras '78ers Could Be A Reality In Next NSW Parliament   

A step closer to equality.

At a state election forum on Wednesday night, a panel of cross-party MPs unanimously supported an apology to the LGBTI community for police activity at the first Mardi Gras in 1978.

At a state election forum on Wednesday night, a panel of cross-party MPs unanimously supported an apology to the LGBTI community for police activity at the first Mardi Gras in 1978.

Lane Sainty / BuzzFeed News

The panel, hosted by the Gay and Lesbian Rights Lobby, consisted of five MPs from the NSW Parliamentary LGBTI Working Group. Trevor Khan represented the Nationals, Bruce Notley-Smith the Liberals, Penny Sharpe Labor, Mehreen Faruqi the Greens and Independent MP Alex Greenwich was also present.

The 1978 march.

ABC / Via

Mr Warren took part in Sydney's first Mardi Gras on June 24, 1978, where he witnessed friends being arrested and subjected to violence from the police. 53 people were arrested altogether, and subsequently had their names published in The Sydney Morning Herald, leading to job losses and harassment.

"I would like [the apology] to be worded in a way that highlights the discrimination and injustice to our whole community before and after 1978 until the law changed in 1984," Mr Warren told BuzzFeed News.

An apology had been discussed over the past decade, but came up in formal discussions recently as convictions for adults having consensual homosexual sex were expunged last year, said Mr Warren. 

The expungement coincided with the 30th anniversary of the decriminalization of homosexual sex in NSW in 1984.

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          From Cyborgs to Hacktivists: Postfeminist Disobedience and Virtual Communities   
Carolyn Guertin

For many the term postfeminist might call to mind the vanilla pleasures of metrosexuality, webcams, online soaps, and blog culture, but, for me, a 40-something cyberfeminist scholar, curator and some time activist, the politically-minded feminist texts I work with are in fact dyed-in-the-wool postfeminist ones that occupy a different place on the postfeminism continuum from those more loudly-lauded, lighter confections. Usually given a bad rap by the media, postfeminism has been accused of being antifeminist, whereas it is instead what the next wave of second wave feminism has become. Its name is not a marker or movement that intends to imply that feminism is dead and gone, any more than Donna Haraway’s “postgender” and N. Katherine Hayles’ “posthuman” mean the death of those old shoes. As Ann Brooks puts it in Postfeminisms, “the concept of `post’ implies a process of ongoing transformation and change” (1). Postfeminism is that indicator that shows us the organism formerly known as feminism has grown into something far more complex than its liberal origins would lead us to expect.

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, second wave feminism, which had spoken predominantly from and to a position of white middle class privilege, began to fracture to include a broader chorus of voices, classes, and races. Postfeminism or, more exactly, postfeminisms have expanded to include a multitude of situated perspectives within the context of postmodern thinking, and have swelled to embrace the new emphasis on what Michèle Barrett identified in 1992 (the year that the World Wide Web was born) as “fluidity and contingency” - features that are the trademark stock in trade of the cyber age. Barrett believed feminism’s paradigm shift to be the result of a new interest in culture that in turn gave rise to a whole new collectivity of subjectivities. It is no accident that this shift coincided with the advent of a technology that foregrounded networked communications. It was only a few years earlier, in the fledgling days of the personal computer back when the Internet was still a vehicle predominantly for hackers and technogeeks, that Haraway first articulated a politics of connectivity for women in the context of these new technologies. In her “Cyborg Manifesto” Haraway’s half-woman, half-machine revels in the confusion of body boundaries and fractures all sense of an originary unity or simplex gender through embracing the cyborg as a model: a being who revels in discursivity, multiplicity, hybridity, and perversity. As the Web has evolved, it has become something of a gene pool for creative explorations of sexualities, subjectivities and identities - and has proved to be as liberating for men as for women in that regard. Cyberfeminist scholar Sadie Plant even argues for the feminizing influence of technology in a connected age. Without a doubt, though, this new technology’s most important role has been that of facilitating communication.

 “cyberfeminism is post-feminist” (76) Cyberfeminism was born at a particular moment in time, 1992, simultaneously at three different points on the globe. In Canada, Nancy Paterson, a celebrated high tech installation artist, penned an article called “Cyberfeminism” for Stacy Horn’s Echo Gopher server. In Australia, VNS Matrix (Josephine Starrs, Julianne Pierce, Francesca da Rimini and Virginia Barratt) coined the term to label their radical feminist acts and their blatantly viral agenda: to insert women, bodily fluids, and political consciousness into electronic spaces. That same year, British cultural theorist Sadie Plant chose the same term to describe her recipe for defining the feminizing influence of technology on western society and its inhabitants.

-Judy Wajcman

Connectivity has been called the genius of feminism by theorist Robin Morgan (53), and this genius is being realized in electronic spaces and texts in more complex ways than in any other medium to date. Connectivity is the poster child of the postfeminist universe, which is why the first cyberfeminist collective, VNS Matrix, chose the image of the matrix - the cosmic womb - as its symbol The Australian collective VNS Matrix announced its inception with a rallying cry called the “Cyberfeminist Manifesto”:
We are the modern cunt
positive anti-reason
unbounded unleashed unforgiving
we see art with our cunt we make art with our cunt
we believe in jouissance madness holiness and poetry
we are the virus of the new world disorder
rupturing the symbolic from within
saboteurs of big daddy mainframe
the clitoris is a direct line to the matrix
terminators of the moral code
mercenaries of slime
go down on the altar of abjection
sucking the visceral temple we speak in tongues
infiltrating disrupting disseminating
corrupting the discourse/we are the future cunt
Its separatist nature bears a resemblance to philosophies put forward by hackers.
. Another cyberfeminist collective, the Old Boys’ Network, defined its local chapters as “nodes” that “collide, disintegrate, regenerate, engage, disembody, reform, collapse, renew, abandon, revise, revitalize, and expand” (OBN FAQ 7). These structural and mechanical concerns are not accidental. Postfeminisms do not inhabit a network; they are the network of feminist discourse in virtual space and they are at their best when they are helping to forge communities of practice. In its incarnation most familiar to ebr ‘s readers, the electronic, hyperlinked text is both a narratological structure and the means of navigation in space and time. In the webbed space of hyperlinked fiction, the pregnant gaps between the nodes are at least as important as the textual nodes themselves. The nodes exist in conjunction with the dynamic space of the journey and cannot be discussed in isolation. So with the newest literary forms of the postfeminist universe. They cannot be separated from the communities and material praxes that they both engender and nurture on and off the Web.

In the cyberfeminist corner of the postfeminist universe, girl gamers such as Brenda Laurel and Mary Flanagan immediately spring to mind; so too do techno-performers such as Laurie Anderson and Coco Fusco, and new media artists such as Mez or Olia Lialina, but the most important and distinctive Web-native postfeminist form is, I would argue, hacktivism. The term was first coined in 1998 The rallying cry of hackers has long been “information wants to be free.” to describe an emerging hybrid form that united the best attributes of peaceful social protest - activism - and tech-savvy online civil disobedience - hackerism The term “hacktivism” has been attributed to a Toronto-based hacker who goes by the handle of Oxblood Ruffin.. It is a solution-oriented form of political action that inserts bodies and media-based dissent into real time material concerns. It should not be confused with its adolescent and illegal cousins, cractivism - code cracking, vandalism, data blockades (DDos) and the loss of digital data - or cyberterrorism - acts and agents of wanton destruction including worms and viruses. One of its trademark features is that the Web cannot contain hacktivism’s flows, allowing it to spill out into the world in the form of political protest at WTO and G8 events, for example, and in books, pamphlets,, and performance art.

Hacktivism as a praxis was born in December 1997 when Critical Art Ensemble Critical Art Ensemble has been very much in the news lately since one of its members, Steve Kurtz, a professor in the Department of Art at SUNY Buffalo, was arrested on 12 May 2004 and charged with bioterrorism under the American Anti-Terrorism Act. These trumped up and widely protested charges have resulted in the FBI appropriating CAE’s materials and equipment used for testing for the presence of genetically- modified DNA - the tools CAE uses in creating their political art. member and software engineer Carmin Karasic was so appalled by the events of the Acteal Massacre - 45 Zapatistas were murdered at the hands of the Mexican government - that she set out to create a Web interface that would perform political protest as an aesthetic act. Three other Critical Art Ensemble members joined her in forming a new collective they named the Electronic Disturbance Theatre. (The group’s name is drawn from the concept of civil disobedience first proposed by Henry David Thoreau.) Their electronic civil disobedience engine is named FloodNet; funded by RTMark and launched in September 1998, it is Karasic’s brainchild in her war against injustice. Filling the browser page with the names of the dead, this activism tool “would access the page for Mexico’s President Zedillo seeking bogus addresses, so the browser would return messages like “human_rights not found on this server” (Cassell). Unlike the attacks launched by cracktivists, no damage is done by this software agent. When the Electronic Disturbance Theatre alerts its “online activists to `commence flooding!’” they visit EDT’s website and click on FloodNet’s icon (Harmon). The software then directs their browser to the target, and cues the same page to load over and over again.

As a postfeminist work, it is no accident that FloodNet must function as a community-based performance:

FloodNet’s action only drew its validity from the number of people showing support. “It was only actualized through thousands and thousands of participants,” she remembers. “It was meaningless without the masses.” Popular support transforms a random act of vandalism into a show of presence, Karasic argues. “This is an important difference between the single hacker/hacktivist who takes down a server with a single script” (qtd. in Cassell).

Similar to the disruptive aestheticization of codework by the Dutch trio, Karasic sees her collectivity interface as something more closely akin to “conceptual art” than to cyberterrorism (Harmon). No one and no data are harmed in these `attacks,’ but websites are effectively shut down while the protest is being transmitted.

Advancing human rights through the electronic media is also the purview of another collective, a cyberfeminist one called subRosa. It is currently comprised of Laleh Mehran, Hyla Willis, Steffi Domike, Lucia Sommer, and Faith Wilding. It was also formed in the fall of 1998 - around the same time that Karasic was vowing to respond to Mexican excesses with FloodNet. Donna Haraway was the first to identify science as one of the most insidious cultural forms women needed to address to regain control of their bodies; subRosa follows in that tradition. subRosa uses its art to critique “the relationships between digital technologies, biotechnologies and women’s bodies/lives/work” (Griffis). The goal of these hacktivists, akin to the Electronic Disturbance Theatre’s, is the creation of communities, what they call “female affiliations that respect difference and create productive projects in solidarity with others who are working on similar ones” (Griffis).

Embracing bell hooks’ definition of feminism as that which seeks to eradicate ideologies of domination (qtd in Griffis), subRosa undertakes projects of activism and public education on topics as wide-ranging as eugenics, Frankenfoods, stem cell and cloning research, and Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART). Seeing their purpose as a pedagogical one, they launch inclusive electronic campaigns, publish pamphlets and books, and travel out into (particularly third world) communities to perform their topical art. These are what they call resistant projects, tactical cyberfeminist ones, and situational information theatre: “As cyberfeminists and artists we are using the framework of participatory performance as an information theatre of pedagogical art that models various tactics for intervening and commenting on the seductive representations of the flesh machine” (subRosa). One of the keys to their successful distribution of information is their willingness to mix media and cross boundaries, producing their art and materials in a plethora of formats contextually situated for their audiences. Like FloodNet’s participatory form, subRosa’s mode of information distribution is reproducible, for it argues “[i]n the digital age, resistant cultural producers can embrace recombinance for subversive ends” (subRosa).

All of this may seem somewhat removed from the electronic book and literary traditions, but when postfeminisms meet the new media they encourage these kinds of pleasures in the confusion of boundaries between bodies, texts, technologies, politics, and cultures. In a hyperlinked age when the only true path through a text is a personal journey, the many roads of postfeminism show that comminglings of radical politics and material concerns are alive and well in both the virtual and real worlds. How effective these hacktivist actions are is difficult to measure, but they are remarkable as tools for global mobilization and peaceful protest. It is clear that they are very effective at allowing women’s voices to be heard.


Postfeminist Artists and Groups

Electronic Disturbance Theatre.

Flanagan, Mary. The Adventures of Josie True.

Fusco, Coco. Coco Fusco’s Virtual Laboratory.

Karasic, Carmin. FloodNet.,, and Karasic’s Homepage:

Lialina, Olia.

Mez. The Data][h!][Bleeding Texts.



Works Cited and Consulted

Barrett, Michèle and Anne Phillips, Eds. Destabilizing Theory: Contemporary Feminist Debates. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1992.

Brooks, Ann. Postfeminisms: Feminism, Cultural Theory and Cultural Forms. London and New York: Routledge, 1997.

Critical Art Ensemble.

Critical Art Ensemble Defense Fund.

Cassel, David. “Hacktivism in the Cyberstreets.” AlterNet. 30 May 2000. 16 June 04.

Griffis, Ryan. “Tandem Surfing the Third Wave: Part 3, interview with subRosa.” YOUgenics. 2003. 16 June 04.

Haraway, Donna. “The Cyborg Manifesto.” Simians, Cyborgs and Women. New York: Routledge, 1991. [1985] 149-181.

Harmon, Amy. “`Hacktivists’ of All Persuasions Take Their Struggle to the Web.” New York Times on the Web. 31 Oct 1998. 16 June 04.

Hayles, N. Katherine. How We Became Posthuman. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1999. 17 June 04.

metac0m. “What is Hacktivism?” Dec 03. 16 June 04.

Morgan, Robin. Demon Lover: On the Sexuality of Terrorism. London: Methuen, 1990.

Old Boys’ Network (OBN). “FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions.” 16 June 04

Plant, Sadie. Zeros and Ones. New York: Bantam, 1997.

subRosa. “Tactical Cyberfeminism: An Art and Technology of Social Relations.” 16 June 04.

VNS Matrix. “Cyberfeminist Manifesto.” 1992. 17 June 2004.

Wajcman, Judy. TechnoFeminism. Cambridge and Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2004.

Wray, Stefan. “Electronic Civil Disobedience and the World Wide Web of Hacktivism: A Mapping of Extraparliamentarian Direct Action Net Politics. Nov 1998. 16 June 04.



          Nägel und Menschen haben eins gemeinsam: Sie sind nutzlos, wenn sie sich verbiegen.   
Es gibt kein liberales Christentum. Nur Christentum und Liberalismus. Man muss sich für eines entscheiden. J. G. Machen
          Why is Mr. Children still so popular after almost 20 years?   

1: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:02:56.25 0 ID:


It's all about how good the melody of their songs are, right?
There are those who are saying that they're just ripping off Elvis Costello's style, but those people are just jealous.

4: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:05:18.47 P ID:
It can be compared to the Liberal Democratic Party's long-term government
6: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:05:49.83 i ID:
Yeah, these guys are even popular with the teens now who weren't even born when these guys made their debut.
8: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:06:23.53 0 ID:
I get the feeling that Sakurai alone is enough...
10: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:07:58.15 0 ID:
What's their biggest hit?
23: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:18:28.96 0 ID:
11: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:09:32.73 0 ID:
They have so many hits, you can't decide on which one to make as their banner song.
13: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:10:37.85 0 ID:
Recently though, I feel that their nice melodies are wasted since they seem to be overdoing their lyrics.
17: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:12:40.80 0 ID:
I don't know if you can call their music enka or folk, but I think the Japanese are used to this kind of stuff. I honestly think they're boring, though.
19: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:13:07.14 O ID:
Their banner song is this one titled REM. I felt like "Mr. Children's finished" after hearing this one.

34: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:27:44.45 i ID:
REM is good. It's been a while since they had songs like that so I'm happy with it.

26: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:20:54.12 0 ID:
They were on the decline at one point, but Sakurai's cerebellum blockage felt like it led to their comeback.
28: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:21:38.08 0 ID:
I read somewhere that Sakurai's voice tickles one's maternal instinct
31: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:24:35.99 0 ID:
I feel that all they sing are ballads, and nothing is really attractive
32: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:24:37.23 0 ID:
Their arrangements are a bit overboard these days. It's like they're trying to cover up his deteriorated songwriting and voice with a ton of makeup.
35: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:28:04.49 0 ID:
Kimo-otas (kimoi= disgusting; ota=otakus) who feel like critics will always make noise on threads like these without fail LOL
40: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:30:50.49 0 ID:
It's amazing that people don't get sick of them. They must be doing well by changing their sound.
44: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:32:19.71 0 ID:
And even if you tell other people that you like some unknown band, they'd just look at you with a strange face. We just have this tendency to answer safely when asked who our favorite celebrities and singers are.
46: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:33:18.75 0 ID:
Prior to their major label debut, they were introduced as the Jun Sky Walker(s)' 'little brothers'. I think they were in the same agency back then.
47: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:33:46.43 0 ID:
I get the feeling that all their songs that came after HANABI have been duds.
48: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:35:59.75 0 ID:
No act from Japan that will surpass Mr. Children in terms of sales has emerged yet. I think though that there are a lot of bands who are trying to imitate them.
49: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:36:49.31 0 ID:
The drum parts feel good
51: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:37:24.56 0 ID:
It was a good memory of mine when I worked part-time as a security at Tokyo Dome and got to see their concert in full.
55: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:41:44.43 0 ID:
There are no other stadium bands like this in Japan. They're on the same level as Oasis.
62: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:54:15.50 0 ID:
They probably have a lot of money and get all the girls when they're selling so much like this. I bet the poor and the unpopular ones are all jealous of them.
63: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:56:53.68 0 ID:
Saying they sing like Costello, I think that was before 1996. I think their other phases are different.

65: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 19:58:48.52 0 ID:
俺の中では「tomorrow never knows」で終わってる
For me they stopped being good after "Tomorrow never knows". It feels like they have just been riding on that momentum ever since.
66: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:00:14.25 0 ID:

I like "Dakishimetai" the best. It was a song before their huge break, though. Hirosue also likes that song the best.

68: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:02:02.69 0 ID:
バンプ ラッド セカオワ あたりがミスチルの後継者だと思う
I think Bump of Chicken, Radwimps, and Sekai no owari are Mr. Children's successors.
71: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:07:00.26 0 ID:
Hey you... no way... I'd understand Kobukuro and Sukimaswitch though. And don't even think of mentioing that trash band flumpool.
70: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:04:10.64 0 ID:
tomorrow never knowsは萩原聖人主演の「若者のすべて」の主題歌
tommorow never knows was used as the main theme song for Masato Hagiwara's Wakamono no subete. This was also the drama that led to the nationwide KimuTako ultra boom. He still wasn't playing lead roles in serial dramas up to this point.
72: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:08:41.31 0 ID:
tomorrow never knowsがもう19年も前の曲か

So tomorrow never knows is already 19 years old. 
74: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:11:40.22 0 ID:
I'm still in my 20s and I honestly think that they were beasts for writing amazing songs like this at the same age as me.
78: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:17:34.72 P ID:
I honestly don't understand Sakurai-kun's lyrical sense, but I think his talent as a melody maker is an inborn talent. There's something about him that's similar to Disney and Nintendo.
79: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:18:19.65 0 ID:
It was pretty huge for Mr. Children to catch their break in the 90's during the CD bubble era, but Bump of Chicken is this great band that appeared in the era where CDs weren't flying off shelves like they used to. They didn't get too much exposure and have been around for 10 years as people have recognized them for their music.
82: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:21:11.46 0 ID:
You Bump fans are so disgusting. I really don't understand what's so good with them. Rad is better than them.
84: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:21:48.16 0 ID:
No one cares about what you like. Whatever you say has no value whatsoever. It's a fact that Sakurai-san accepts them.
89: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:25:31.42 0 ID:
I like both Bump and MisChil but they're different. I don't understand why their name was brought up on this thread.
93: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:27:32.52 0 ID:

It just means that Bump is the only band that can stand a chance against MisChil
96: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:29:07.55 0 ID:
They're not really going against, but they would be taking over Mr. Children's position in the next generation. The age difference is about 10 years apart anyway.
100: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:29:59.03 0 ID:
I thought Remioromen would go up to Bump's level, but they didn't meet the expectations.
104: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:31:24.43 0 ID:

A MisChil song I recently thought was good: "Imitation no Ki"

107: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:31:55.83 0 ID:
1994年 innocent world、Tomorrow never knows
1995年 シーソーゲーム See saw game
1996年 名もなき詩 Na mo naki uta
1998年 終わりなき旅 Owarinaki tabi
2000年 口笛 Kuchibue
2002年 youthful days
2003年 HERO
2004年 Sign
2006年 しるし Shirushi
2008年 HANABI
2010年 365日 365 nichi
117: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:35:18.17 0 ID:
MisChil always say that they don't stand a chance against Spitz's Kusano
118: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:36:09.80 0 ID:
Tamio says that he doesn't stand a chance against Sakurai-kun and Kusano-kun
121: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:36:50.90 0 ID:
MisChil has already reached the Southern All Star's level. They can already afford to take a few years off but they haven't.
124: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:38:04.95 0 ID:
The problem with MisChil is that all the members other then Sakurai are pretty low-level.
131: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:39:46.87 P ID:
Wait a sec, MisChil's drummer is doing a good job. Even the bassist ain't bad.
137: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:43:32.69 0 ID:

Yep, the bass and drums are actually pretty good, but Sakurai is just too overwhelming so people think they're bad. The guitar is bad though.
139: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:43:37.87 i ID:
I wonder why they only have pressed CDs and don't sell their music digitally
143: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:45:03.29 0 ID:
I remember them saying a few years back that "We want to succeed with CDs based on our music".
149: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:46:59.14 0 ID:
Well, the band members are living the life and earning so much because of Sakurai-san. One should definitely cherish his friends.
153: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:50:11.76 0 ID:
But Sakurai himself said many times that the other 3 members are also important. On the outside, they just say that Sakurai writes and composes but it's actually a collective effort from all of them
154: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:51:16.20 0 ID:
If that's true then all of their names should be credited. I feel it's only Sakurai who gets all the credit and earns so much more than the other members.
160: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:53:35.01 0 ID:
The song I like from them recently is HANABI. That's 5 years ago already, huh.
166: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 20:59:17.31 0 ID:
Sakurai is actually pretty handsome. I guess people who like someone like hyde won't get his appeal.
170: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 21:05:41.68 0 ID:
I can't sing the fast part well in "Na mo naki uta".
The part that goes "Nariyuki makase no..."
180: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 21:26:50.62 T ID:
But MisChil let their fans sing the songs for them while they only sing a little during concerts, right?
183: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 21:39:38.55 P ID:
定番はInnocent Worldでたまに口笛とか
They basically let the fans sing 1 song per concert. It's usually "Innocent World", then sometimes "Kuchibue".
184: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 21:51:05.46 0 ID:
I like all of those songs but they don't sing it for me
185: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 21:55:09.21 P ID:
まぁiinocent worldを最初から最後まで桜井のみなんてのは逆にレアになってるな
I don't think they let the fans sing the entire song, it's usually just the first verse or the second one, or the chorus. Well, it is pretty rare though that Sakurai sings "Innocent World" from start to finish.
188: 2013/05/31(金) 22:11:58.09 0 ID:
People in their early 30s are said to be the ones who are in the MisChil generation (it can also be called Hirosue generation), but "Anmari oboetenaiya" is my favorite song. It almost always brings me to tears whenever I listen to it.

213: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 23:13:44.68 0 ID:

I think Kobayashi's sense and Sakurai's charismatic appeal matched well. They'd just be some no-good youth pop band if it weren't for Kobayashi.
224: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 23:55:07.05 0 ID:
I think the song that cemented Mr. Children's status in the industry is "Na mo naki uta"
226: 名無し募集中。。。 2013/05/31(金) 23:56:33.65 0 ID:
I think it was those consecutive singles from "Crossroad" to "Innocent World"
Viene la noche. Titulo original: It Comes at Night. Guion y Dirección: Trey Edward Shults. Fotografía: Drew Daniels. Sonido: Kris Fenske. Edición:  Matthew Hannam / Edwards Shults. Reparto: Joel Edgerton,  Riley Keough,  Christopher Abbott,  Carmen Ejogo, Kelvin Harrison Jr.,  Griffin Robert Faulkner. Estados Unidos. 2017. 97 minutos.
“Viene de noche” es una película de terror, una historia sobre la muerte, el miedo y el arrepentimiento. Paul (Joel Edgerton) es un padre que vive en una casa de madera, abandonada, con su esposa Sarah (Carmen Ejogo). Ambos están siempre armados  y vigilantes.  Travis(Kelvin Harrison Jr.) de 17 años es hijo de ese matrimonio. Paul tiene un único propósito: hacer lo imposible para  proteger a su familia de una presencia enfermante, que les atemoriza desde el exterior, un contagioso  virus que  acaba con buena parte de la población mundial.   Su confianza se pone a prueba cuando otra familia desesperada, con una criatura pequeña,  les pide asilo. Primero llegará  Will (Christopher Abbott). Paul logra capturarlo e interrogarlo. Will  es un hombre que sólo quiere proteger a su esposa e hijo. Busca agua ya que alimentos tiene. Es el cuadro de dos familias diferentes: una de clase media,  suburbana  y arraigada a su ruralidad y, otra,  liberal, itinerante, cariñosos con su hijo pequeño y huyendo del caos neoyorquino.
A pesar de las mejores intenciones  la paranoia y la desconfianza florecen mientras los horrores se acercan. Todos tienen una consigna que deben respetar a rajatablas: nunca salir de noche (por temor a que la infección y la muerte toquen la puerta). Es una referencia a la salvaguarda de la familia, la tolerancia cero y el miedo al otro (cualquier asociación con la realidad es mera coincidencia). Tal vez, si el ojo fuese demasiado obsesivo, no es sino un paralelo con la situación en Estados Unidos bajo la era Trump,  con sus temores a  la contaminación cultural o física,  algo parecido a lo que  se vive en el mundo con el fenómeno de los migrantes.
Desde la primera escena, Paul y Travis salen de la casa, con una máscara de oxígeno. Sacan al abuelo de Travis de la casa. Está enfermo. Caminan por un sendero donde ya se cavó una fosa. Ahí se dejará a ese pedazo de historia, quemándolo y enterrando sus restos.
Las imágenes captadas por el director de fotografía Drew Daniels (Krisha, 2015), son magníficas. Basándose en la oscuridad, no pocas veces solo vemos luz proveniente de una linterna de bolsillo colocada en el extremo de una pistola, creando mayor incertidumbre. Pero no es solo la fotografía sino, también, el diseño de producción, efectos de sonido y banda sonora, los elementos que se utilizan para mostrar al torturado Travis por el miedo que es  peor que la muerte.
Travis es una persona en proceso de aprendizaje. Observa las señales de los que lo rodean, incluido su propio padre. Sus  luchas  son pesadillas confirmadas por la advertencia que “no se puede confiar en nadie más que en la familia”. Edgerton se esfuerza por ser buen marido, padre y modelo para su hijo pero, cuando  Travis cuestiona  su poder, y la presencia de Will y Kim socavan ese territorio, a Paul le invade la paranoia.
Shults optó por no revelar toda la historia; no sabemos qué le ocurrió a la sociedad  y a las víctimas.  Y ahí está la pintura de  Brueghel que puede dar una respuesta. “El Triunfo de la Muerte”  retrata la peste de 1562. Ese cuadro aparece al principio de la película como  presagio.

Shults comenzó a escribir el guion en 2014. Durante ese tiempo perdió a su padre adicto, del que estaba distanciado. Ahí comienza a investigar las relaciones  padres - hijos. Fue rodada en el Estado de Nueva York,  en Byrdcliffe cerca de Woodstock. Escritor, director y coeditor  hizo su debut cinematográfico con  KRISHA.   Previo a la versión largometraje,  hizo un corto con el mismo nombre. Demostró  talento  para crear tensiones y economía en los diálogos. Es su segundo largo. Contó con un presupuesto de poco más de dos millones de euros. Desde  su estreno en Estados Unidos ya recaudó varias veces la inversión. En  2016 el “estudio A24” obtuvo  resultados auspiciosos  con “The Witch” y “Moonlight”. Ese complejo hace su aporte a “Viene de Noche”  considerada, desde su estreno, “un clásico instantáneo del cine de terror”.

          Upah, Grittmann on Spring ISU Dean's List   
AMES- The Iowa State University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences' Dean's List honors students who were enrolled in 12 credit hours and earned a 3.5 grade point average for the term.
          How Online Job Market and Freelancing Can Make Bangladesh a Middle-earning Country   

The recent outrage in online job market and freelancing and most of all outsourcing industry has turned into a revolution. It seems like it is not taking a step back. This revolution that is going on within the young community, for IT freelancing and outsourcing, shows us new prospects to grow the economy of Bangladesh. In recent years, freelancing alone brought more than $20 million into Bangladesh and the amount is growing day by day.

Silent Revolution in Bangladesh

It might make you wonder, how did this happen? It was a revolution that was not instigated by the government for long years. Rather, it happened silently. But, due to recent government’s pledge to put “e” to all activities, things have been fastened in a large scale.

Why did this happen? If we observe the situation in Khulna, then you’ll see that many industries closed down, due to corruption and inability to sustain. The older generation in Khulna is not that well off due to this fact. The younger generation is more educated by the mass, as the older generation envisioned that education will be their only asset in future. The surrounding industry failed to employ them properly. But, they did not sit idle. They had to come up with something that would not make them leave Khulna. So, steadily the revolution unveiled.

But, there are still many problems that haunt Bangladeshi freelancers and outsourcing partners. If they are provided the opportunity, the freelancing and outsourcing revolution will take several steps ahead. But, to provide this opportunity, government has always been very conservative. Just take an example of SEA-ME-WE fiber optic cable connection. It was denied twice by late governments on the fear of national data privacy. But, it was realized that, it was really a very conservative decision we ever made. Currently, the internet infrastructure is stronger than before. But, ability to access premium online service still has some way to go. And this is actually not that long.


Outsourcing is a $3.4 Trillion industry and we are not even taking even 1% of it. Our neighbor India is taking major share of these outsourcing opportunities. The situation we have here in Bangladesh was created 10 years ago in India. So, it is obvious that we still are a decade backward, in terms of India. But, that does not mean we have to stay a decade back. We have the know-how and the skilled forces that can take us a generation ahead, if we can give them the opportunity. Otherwise, with countries like Vietnam and Philippines that are directly competing with us, will gain better momentum than us. But, imagine if we could take just 1%, it could be way more than what we earn through Garments Industry and remittance from non-resident citizens.

Bringing Women in

If you look at our societal norm, you’ll find that we have not yet grown into a liberal society, even after many changes. The average poor and middle class society aka the major portion of our population is still very conservative. We still have gender-based separate sitting arrangement in bus. Most women in poor societies and some women in middle class societies are still not allowed to roam freely in society. 

Women are the first gender that gets the priority for education dropout. Those who make it, also dropout from career, when they have their first, if not, second child. No one can say that, this change in career as good or bad. Because, raring child and taking care of the family by women has been a century (if not millennia)  long tradition. Even in advanced countries, women cannot avoid this phenomenon. So, ultimate center of concentration of a woman becomes her home.

But, they are the weaker half (48%) of our population. I mean, weaker by the number not by merit or skill. If you can not engage this portion of the population in earning, then there is no way a nation can grow. But, accepting our norm of the society, how can we generate jobs for them without making them leave home? 

I think you all know the answer.

Bringing Senior Citizens in

Again another portion is the senior citizens who become dependent on the earning member in the next generation. Because, they are not suitable to do any physical work. So, they jump out of the earning member population and usually never come back. But, how can we make them earning member without having to make them do physical work? 

I think you all know the answer.

Bringing the Handicapped in

Sometimes we think that the handicapped are the weakest portion of the population. But, we should remember that they are not 100% handicapped. I have seen many handicapped people showcasing extreme knowledge, talent, and skills. But, they are not capable of doing regular jobs. Accepting their handicap situation, how can we bring them into the money earning demography? 

I think you all know the answer.

Bringing All of Them in

When we are talking about Online Job Market, Freelancing and Outsourcing, we are mostly talking about the youths. Yes, they are our future. But, think how far we can go with freelancing and outsourcing, if we can involve all the unemployed population in Bangladesh. i.e.

  1. The Unemployed Youths
  2. Women (Homebound, Conservative, Mothers, etc)
  3. Senior Citizens and
  4. Handicapped people.

The Dream to be a Medium Earning Country

So, to live the dream as a medium earning country, Bangladesh government should try it’s best to make this industry grow as fast as it can. One of the major barriers to the Freelancing and Outsourcing industry is the online and international payment system. Currently, Payza has been introduced, but Paypal and other sorts of online and international payments are still not possible. Bangladesh Bank here has been playing a conservative role for long time. But, things are progressing and we might see them available in near future. 

Yes, there are defaulters, corrupter  and money launderers. But, for these filthy people, the vast opportunity for the whole population cannot wait. The Government’s job is policing, not making vast opportunity slip out of the hands of the citizens.

          Should SEO and PPC Marry Each Other, Date or Just Stay Single?   

SEO or Organic Search Marketing and PPC or Paid Search Marketing/Advertisement, both have same goal to get your site found through keyword search in varios search engines. So, is the goal so common that they should get married? Or should SEO and PPC date, or just stay single?

Should SEO and PPC Marry Each Other, Date or Just Stay Single?

What if SEO and PPC Get Married?

Let’s define marriage first:

Marriage is about mutual understanding and about the economy of utilizing the limited combined resources in an efficient way for better life, if not, better future.

Well, that’s not a perfect one, but in Economics, it should sound like that. If I translate that for corporate language than it would be this:

Mutual Understanding between SEO & PPC

If SEO and PPC are operating differently, then they are learning in different ways. This can mean doing the same homework over and over again. Not doing the homework separately is very healthy for the economy. That’s why we see the giant companies acquiring (or marrying) the small companies. So that, the homework is not done again in the same economy. Even though, the giants have the setup to do it all over again. But, that’s bad for the industry. You are increasing the competition without adding any value to the economy.

So, whoever the husband between SEO or PPC is, both of their understanding can help each other greatly. PPC can use the learning from SEO and vice versa to reduce marketing cost and increase ROI. Isn’t that what the companies and advertisers are looking for? With mutual understanding, they can mutually reduce their homework and add value to the economy.

Utilizing Combined Resources

Before marriage, you probably have been using a small blender for milk shake that served your single user need. But, after marriage you can afford a better blender, which costs less than 2 blenders alone. i.e. you can also cut the capital investment and cost if you have SEO and PPC together. Moreover, they also can interchange their duties to perform other important tasks for the growth of your business.

Utilizing Limited Resources

You definitely have a budget for your marketing, from which you can’t go beyond. So, you should economize on getting more sales with less money. Since you are in fixed budget for SEO, you can cutout the variable budget for PPC, when you have competitive advantage in organic results for a specific keyword. So, for PPC you can only explore the markets, where you don’t have competitive advantage on. That’s should make the great use of your limited budget. So, managing these in separate units would mean extra cost for you, since there wouldn’t be any synchronization between these two units.

Utilizing Resources in an Efficient Way

When you have total understanding of your Search Marketing, you can have the flexibility to implement your strategy and set the players in the field. Thereby, you can play a good and strategic game utilizing every resource efficiently. Moreover, you can also reduce waste or spillover, which is a major factor in reducing cost and maximizing profit.

Enjoying a Better Life

Companies can gain greater ROI from the marriage and the management can also get all the information for their strategy from one source. So, that’ll make life easier and comfortable. It is obvious that combined SEO and PPC saves money for you. In return, you get greater ROI.

For a Better Future

In harsh situations, when comfortable life can’t be ensured, marriages are made in the intention to have better future. Investments are also like marriages craving for better future. Getting the reward right away isn’t possible. Combined investment in SEO and PPC can mean quicker break even. Moreover, as resources are utilized efficiently, the chance of having better life is quicker than having them separated.

What are alternatives if they can’t marry each other?

Date Each Other?

Now, if it happens that SEO and PPC can’t marry, then they can go out on dates from time to time to share things together. Even if they are separate, they should share each other’s learning from time to time by synchronizing each other and go toward a mutual understanding.

That way, some cost for advertising and marketing can be reduced by removing ad spending away from PPC, when SEO has organically reached its goal for a specific keyword. However, it can be more time consuming if you are to synchronize learning within these units.

Be Neighbors?

If they don’t synchronize, then the best way to learn from each other is by staying in the same premises and experiencing social and corporate activities together. That also can expand their learning. This can also mean hiring same internet marketing agency with separate units running campaigns with separate PMs.

What happens if SEO and PPC are Single?

SEO and PPC in the isolated island may mean loss in terms of the many benefits I mentioned above. But, not always their marriage is necessary. Their marriage can encourage cost reduction. But sometimes for the sake of online branding and converting visitors into sales takes more than just strict control of organic search marketing and paid search advertisement.

In the sales funnel, from visitors to sales, the communication and information feeding should be made several times before the purchase. So, limiting your doorways for the visitors to your business can harm you, if you are planning to sale big.

In case of online sales funnel, remember that:

  • Not all search engine visitors are your customers,
  • All those that find you when searching may not be your customer,
  • All the people that return to your site, doesn’t mean that they will make an inquiry,
  • All the people that makes an inquiry about your product or services, doesn’t mean that they will purchase your product.

So, in all stages of the sales funnel, there should be multiple ways for the visitor to get information about your company or product. If you have done SEO and simultaneously running PPC for content network (AdWords for AdSense), the chances are, when the visitor is reading something related, s/he might come back to your site.

Otherwise, after going a long way, the visitor might buy from the last good outlet s/he could remember, even though you were in top of the search (SEO efficient) when s/he found you earlier.

This happens to us always, when we go to a special product mall. Everyone visits the front stalls, but you happen to buy from a stall inside the mall. There is almost no extra competitive advantage for being the front stall (SEO effecient), when you have product that visitors always move around to find a good bargain. Getting these temporarily lost customers back to your site for sale is called retargeting. So, for retargeting, you need to be more liberal on SEO and PPC.

Another fact is, the objectives of SEO and PPC is not same. Most of the time PPC concetrates on Conversion and SEO on Branding & Reputation Building. I said “most of the time”, not “always”. e.g. Most popular keywords may not convert well and will mean unnecessary PPC spending on visitors that are not in action mode to purchase. But, popular keywords are good for Branding and Branding is one of the major targets for SEO. This difference in objectives is a good reason to stay in separate units.

Confused about marriage of SEO & PPC?

Well, if you have a product that visitors doesn’t care much about going for a good burgain (usually for cheaper products), having SEO and minor PPC dating is sufficient. If you are a small company, then having SEO and PPC get married would be a right choice. If you want to sell big, then SEO and PPC should stay single.

© of SEOPPCSMM.COM - Source: Should SEO and PPC Marry Each Other, Date or Just Stay Single?

          Fargo's No Joke. It's a Hub of Cool Creativity.   
By The Boston Globe
The city of Fargo owes much to the Coen Brothers. Their same-named Academy Award winning dark comedy — and more recently, the spinoff FX series — put North Dakota’s largest city on the tourist radar, with many visitors eagerly posing beside the original woodchipper, an infamous Fargo movie prop, in the Fargo-Moorhead Visitors Center. The movie’s bumbling characters, screwball conversations liberally peppered with “you betcha’s,” and other over-the-top Midwestern dialectic expressions — not to mention the iconic woodchipper scene — have inextricably linked Fargo’s reputation to a long-running joke. (The Fargo Brewing Co. has taken advantage of this gag, crafting Wood Chipper, an aromatic pale ale served in many of the city’s bars.) Recently, the city has undergone a renaissance, with a revitalization of downtown bubbling with inventiveness. Here are some of the best examples of the savvy Fargo of today, a nexus of creativity, sustainability, and an energetic maker movement.

Coffee culture

An all-embracing sense of community pervades the Twenty Below Coffee Co. where local artists painted the abstracts hung on the walls, and crafted the cafe’s ceramic demitasse cups and saucers. Chemex, syphon, and seven other brew methods are available, but the owners also dispense “Pay what you can” coffee for a more economical caffeine jolt. The sunny space beckons patrons to stay awhile, serving up scrumptious in-house baked goods like peach thyme waffles with goat cheese and almond chia seed bread. Fridays are special: everyone, including customers, can contribute to a community potluck meal at noon.

Bike sharing

Great Rides debuted in 2015 offering sturdy bikes that can be picked up and dropped off at any of 11 docking stations all over the city. The Red River Path, one of several bicycle lanes, leads to an oasis: sylvan Lindenwood Park with shaded paths allowing access to picnic pavilions and the river, where locals cast fishing lines hoping to snag catfish or walleye.

Rooftop respite

Art bedecks many of the indoor and outdoor spaces at the boutique Hotel Donaldson, known as HoDo. Each of the 17 rooms features paintings, drawings and sculptures from various regional or local artists. Some of the guest rooms resemble a gallery space, such as #13 that showcases seven raw mixed media pieces by local artist Mike Marth, who’s noted for his abundant use of found objects. The hotel’s Sky Prairie Bar, Fargo’s first green rooftop, provides stellar views of downtown from its three-story perch with its meticulous native prairie landscaping. A ribbon of a pebbled path, in the shape of the Red River, wanders among tables snuggled amid tall blooming flowers and ornamental grasses. Here, the after-work crowd as well as visitors gather for a glass of Wood Chipper or another craft beer, or any of the more than two dozen wines by the glass. The hotel’s cuisine is farm to table, with some of the herbs sourced from the roof’s kitchen.

Contemporary art

A turn-of-the-20th century warehouse transformed into North Dakota’s largest art museum, the Plains Art Museum is impressive, both architecturally and culturally. At the core of the interior is a light-filled, three-story atrium that retains brick walls, heavy timber beams and some other original features. Among its 4,000-some pieces — including national and regional contemporary art — are works by prominent Native American artists, such as Star Wallowing Bull. His dramatically-hued drawings meld allusions of pop culture with traditional Native American symbols. Celebrating the plains region is a colorful mural by North Dakotan pop artist James Rosenquist, a work reflecting surrealist sensibilities that is prominently displayed on the ground floor. A second-floor skybridge leads to the Katherine Kilbourne Center for Creativity, an exhibition and workshop space that offers public art classes for kids and adults. (Pottery and figure study are two single-session adult classes that are regularly offered.)

Locally made

Unglued is a vibrant shop chock-a-block full of contemporary, handmade works from more than 300 regional makers. Expect the unexpected here, such as woodsy beard oils for men and funky black cat greeting cards. Unglued’s workshops couldn’t be more unique: Kids can take sushi making, while adults learn to sew snarky embroidery onto dish towels.

Liz and Cari, the mother-daughter team behind c.lizzy’s, a chill giftshop-cum-art gallery, curate wildly creative hand thrown pottery, metal earrings and other striking objects d’art. Liz, the mom, is an artist who works in a medley of different styles and media, some quite untraditional. She’s mounted her copper, nature-based, hand-cut pieces atop fragments of cottonwood branches that she’s gathered from the family farm.

Ashlee Dedin, owner of AENDEE, displays her upcycled accessories: neckties, bowties, earrings, headbands and scarves all fashioned from men’s button-down shirts she finds at thrift shops. She transforms each shirt into as many items as possible, even stylish bowties for pets.

Farmer’s market

An old Goodyear Tire property along Broadway buzzes with activity on Saturday mornings as crowds throng the outdoor Red River Market. More than a dozen vendors focus primarily on locally-sourced products. Selling alpaca sweaters, Ten Seven Acres has a couple of these gentle animals on hand. Russian rye, honey oat bran, and other baked goods sold by Breadsmith came straight from their hearth. Dirt Head Microgreens specializes in nutrient-rich sunflower and pea shoots and other edible micro leaves that make a perfect salad or sandwich accompaniment. At Rogue Candies, consumers clamor for maple bacon flavored and other inventive caramels.

Craft spirits

In an expansive space repurposed from a former car dealership and courthouse, Proof Artisan Distillers offers both tastings and tours of their distillery where all the spirits are made in a former judge’s chambers. Potatoes, barley and corn, base ingredients for the vodka, gin and whiskeys, are locally sourced. Recently, they released a cinnamon-flavored whiskey and several other spirits. Among the many vodka- and gin-based cocktails served at the bar — where bison burgers and pork tacos are on the menu — those blended with fresh grapefruit juice are especially refreshing.

Fargo's No Joke. It's a Hub of Cool Creativity - The Boston Globe

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          Trump as Neo-Fascist? John Bellamy Foster interviewed on Law & Disorder radio   

Is Trump a neofascist? Analysts on the left, such as Cornel West, Noam Chomsky, and Judith Butler think he is. But mainstream liberal commentators refuse to associate the Trump phenomena with fascism, calling him a “rightwing populist.” Does it really matter what Trump is called? The poet, playwright, and political thinker, Bertolt Brecht, asked in 1935: “How can anyone tell the truth about fascism, unless he’s willing to speak out against capitalism, which brings it forth?” Hear Heidi Boghosian and Michael Steven Smith speak with John Bellamy Foster, editor of Monthly Review, who wrote the review of the month, “This Is Not Populism” in the June 2017 issue.… | more…

           Liberal rule through non-liberal means: the attempted settlement of Irish Travellers (1955-1975)    
Crowley, Una (2005) Liberal rule through non-liberal means: the attempted settlement of Irish Travellers (1955-1975). Irish Geography, 38 (2). pp. 128-150.
          It's not the Second Amendment's Fault that Inept and Lazy Law Enforcement failed to do their jobs   
Image result for Dr. Henry Bello, a family medicine physician

Dr. Henry Bello, was a family medicine physician, a Nigerian born muslim who had been allowed to stay in the United States on a expired work visa while having been arrested for sex abuse charges.  In February of 2015, Dr. Henry Bello, a muslim, resigned in lieu of being dismissed for sending threatening emails to a fellow physician at Bronx Lebanon Hospital.

 Image result for it's not the guns fault

He reportedly departed threatening to return and exact murderous revenge.
A background check would have shown that Dr Bellos was a foreign born muslim who had a criminal record that included an arrest for attempted burglary at 5:10 a.m. on April 23, 2003, when he kicked in the door to an ex-girlfriend’s apartment on Buchanan Place in the Bronx.

He was also that rare doctor with an arrest for fare evasion in the New York City subway, this at 5 p.m. on Aug. 12, 2003.

Image result for it's not the guns fault

He was also arrested for sexual abuse, forcible touching, and unlawful imprisonment at 5:15 a.m. on Aug. 29, 2004, on Bond Street in Manhattan. He is said to have grabbed the victim’s crotch with one hand while he lifted her in the air with his other. He began dragging her away.
“You’re coming with me,” he told the victim according to her subsequent account to the police. The police were well aware of Dr. Bello's murderous threats against his co workers, most especially female co-workers. Yet, the police did nothing.  The immigration department did nothing.
 Image result for it's not the guns fault
Now, the New York Police Commissioner, the Mayor, and ever liberal crack pot wants to blame guns.  Which, is absolutely ludicrous, the fault not with the gun, but with the inept, lazy, law enforcement officers who knew that there was a ticking time bomb in the form of an unstable, muslim sex offender and potential kidnapper. Yet, the authorities did nothing.  The New York Police and the lax immigration officials who sat by and did not do their sworn duties to protect Americans should go to jail! 
Image result for yet another  muslim attack
There should be a Federal investigation and if found negligent people should lose their jobs at the very least. I truly hope there is some financially hungry lawyer who sees the failure of the hospital, the police, immigration to protect both staff and patients from this Nigerian born muslim bent on murder-suicide.  

These are the facts you will not hear from the mainstream media.  

          El parlamento alemán legaliza el matrimonio homosexual   
«Yo he votado en contra», ha declarado la canciller Merkel a la salida del Bundestag, tras votar el pleno del parlamento alemán a favor de la legislación del matrimonio homosexual en Alemania. Pero fue precisamente ella quien a principios de semana hizo posible esta votación, declarando en una entrevista que la reforma podía ser considerado como un voto de conciencia y relatando experiencias personales con parejas homosexuales a las que ha conocido y que en su opinión se ocupan muy satisfactoriamente de sus hijos. Apenas había terminado Merkel de pronunciar estas palabras, el Partido Socialdemócrata forzó la inclusión de una votación en el orden del día de la sesión de hoy, la última de esta legislatura, y la histórica decisión ha sido secundada por 393 diputados, de un total de 623. Casi un cuarto de los diputados conservadores, 75 de los 310, votó a favor. «Recuerden, señores diputados, que cada uno de ustedes vota de forma personal y según su conciencia. No rigen en esta votación consignas de partido ni de grupo parlamentario», recordaba por megafonía el presidente del Bundestag, Norbert Lammert, instantes antes de la votación. Muchos diputados cristianodemócratas prefirieron no votar, después de 12 años negándose sistemáticamente a esta posibilidad. El resto apenas ha comentado su voto. El semanario Der Spiegel, favorable a la reforma, ha acusado a Merkel sin embargo de «traicionar» y «faltar el respeto a sus votantes», mientras que, paradójicamente, prensa más cercana a Merkel y a posiciones contrarias al matrimonio homosexual da cuenta de la noticia sin escandalizarse. La Conferencia Episcopal Alemana, que había calificado la reforma como «precipitada» y «contraria a los valores cristianos», ha convocado una rueda de prensa esta misma tarde. Confeti para celebrar la aprobación del matrimonio homosexual en el Parlamento alemán- Reuters «Quería estar aquí, quería verlo con mis propios ojos para poder contárselo a mis hijos y a mis nietos», decía tras la votación Ingo, un ingeniero de 34 años que ha acudido con su pareja a presenciar la votación y que ha arrojado desde la platea de visitantes confeti sobre los diputados después de ser anunciado el resultado. «Él todavía no lo sabe, pero llevo en mi bolsillo un anillo y esta misma tarde voy a pedirle que se case conmigo, cruce los dedos para que me diga que sí…», bajaba la voz para no estropear la sorpresa con la que tiene pensado terminar este día. A tres meses de las elecciones generales en Alemania, la aprobación del matrimonio homosexual en Alemania supone todo un terremoto político, dado que esta medida había sido rechazada de forma categórica por la CDU, que desactiva uno de las pocas promesas electorales de los socialdemócratas diferenciadoras y consciente de que debía abrir la puerta a la legalización del matrimonio homosexual para garantizarse posibles alianzas tras las elecciones legislativas del 24 de septiembre. Condición para un pacto de gobierno Tanto el SPD, su socio actual en el Gobierno, como el partido de la oposición Los Verdes, y los liberales del FDP, actualmente sin representación parlamentaria pero a quienes las encuestas otorgan opciones de regresar con fuerza a la Cámara, calificaron la aprobación del matrimonio de personas del mismo sexo como una de las condiciones para sellar un pacto de Gobierno. Merkel ha argumentado su voto en contra en una breve comparecencia ante los medios, recordando que en los últimos años se habían eliminado «paso a paso» todas las discriminaciones para las parejas homosexuales y faltaba solamente el derecho a adoptar niños. «Tras reflexionar mucho sobre el bienestar de los menores, que es realmente lo que más debe importar», ha dicho, llegó a la conclusión de que «la adopción también debería ser posible» para las parejas homosexuales. Sin embargo, a su juicio, el artículo 6 de la Constitución alemana, cuando señala que «el matrimonio y la familia se encuentran bajo la protección especial del orden estatal», está hablando del matrimonio entre un hombre y una mujer. Ha dicho también que el debate que ha derivado en la aprobación del matrimonio homosexual ha sido «emocional», también para ella, y confió en que ahora no se pierda el respeto y que, con la votación, se haya generado paz social y cohesión. Alemania permite desde 2001 las uniones civiles de personas del mismo sexo, pero los homosexuales casados no gozan de plena igualdad jurídica y se les niegan determinados derechos, por ejemplo, en áreas como la adopción. El portavoz socialdemócrata, Thomas Oppermann, ha defendido por su parte el paso dado por su partido, calculando que «esta decisión quizá no es buena para la gran coalición, pero es buena para las personas, y buena para el Parlamento», rechazando que sea necesario ahora reformar la Constitución. «Si el matrimonio para todos llega, se habrá dado algo a alguien, pero no se le habrá quitado nada a nadie», ha subrayado, defendiendo su opción frente a los diputados reticentes, a quienes ha manifestado su respeto. El responsable de defender el voto en contra en el estrado, el líder del grupo parlamentario cristianodemócrata Volker Kauder, ha argumentado que «el matrimonio es la unión entre un hombre y una mujer», expresando su respeto a sus compañeros con una opinión diferente. «Yo personalmente nunca pondré mi firma en algo que represente el matrimonio para todos, por motivos de conciencia», ha dicho, sembrando ciertas dudas sobre la constitucionalidad de la ley, al entender que la concepción cristiana del matrimonio está protegida en la ley fundamental alemana. Desde el mismo partido, el diputado Jan Marco Luczak defendió el sí al proyecto al recordar que el respeto, el amor y la convivencia son valores tradicionales que deben defender los conservadores y consideró que no se necesita ninguna reforma constitucional para abrir el matrimonio.
          A BRITISH STORY:   
American Culture: A Story (Bruce Frohnen, May 2017, Imaginative Conservative)

[I]n the interest of brevity, I will skip just a bit further forward, to Mount Sinai. Following Russell Kirk,[1] we can pick the story up here because it set the Israelites apart from their neighbors in a politically crucial way. I refer, of course, to the handing down by God of the Ten Commandments; a transformative, defining moment for the Israelites, and for those whom they influenced.

Some point out that the Ten Commandments were not all that different from other codes, like the Code of Hammurabi. But that is not the point. The point is that it was Hammurabi's code, a law handed down by a supposedly sacred political power, who saw himself as the creator of right and wrong--just as, I would argue, our liberal friends tend to see both law and government. Moses, on the other hand, gave the Israelites God's law, and thereby established a higher law tradition, according to which worldly governors can be judged by standards higher than their own will.

Again in the interest of brevity, I will just mention some other parts of the story: man's discovery of the powers of reason in Greece; our training in the virtues of republican government in Rome; I even will skip over the utterly transformative moment in a later Jerusalem, when God saved man's transcendent humanity by Himself becoming Man, and, through His death and resurrection, making clear our duty to love one another as ourselves. I instead will move to a lesser-known part of the story, set in early medieval Rome. For it was here that the Pope won the struggle with the Holy Roman Emperor, and gained the right to appoint bishops, which formerly had been appointed by the emperor himself.

So what?

So, this victory institutionalized Mount Sinai. It set up a separate religious authority, independent of the state, which would tell kings they were behaving wrongly, even excommunicate them and tell their subjects they owed them no allegiance. That investiture struggle institutionalized the higher law tradition and made natural law the standard of all governments and societies in the west. It made possible the Great Charter of Britain, which guaranteed the rights of the church, of the barons, and of the towns, in the face of a centralizing king. And that charter--and others like it on the continent--made possible the flourishing of towns, guilds, parishes, families, and other associations, which gained their own chartered rights, along with the ability and will to defend them.

Strong associations meant a multiplicity of authorities, protecting both communal and independent action through legal and customary rights. They also constituted a diversity of groups within which one acted, and to which one could look for protection. This diversity, these groups, and these rights came into bad odor in the era of absolutism and centralization. But, for a variety of reasons we need not go into, in Britain in particular there was resistance to this centralizing trend, which said, "There can be only one sovereign, one source of power and authority." Instead, there continued a healthy--though unfortunately difficult and at times bloody--competition among social and political authorities.

It was in the midst of this competition that the first settlers came to America. Many of them were seeking money. They had troubles. Others, for a long time the more successful settlers, were seeking to set up communities of faith and virtue, to follow the way of their Lord in common. Most of the colonies had their own charters, as well as an ocean keeping British authority safely distant, and allowing them to become self-governing local societies, themselves made up of largely self-governing communities. Self-government became second nature.

There was an abortive attempt to change all this, which we tend to forget, but which earlier Americans kept vividly in their minds. In 1688, as he was trying to consolidate power in Britain, James II also sought to consolidate power in America, erasing borders, dismissing legislatures, and assuming full sovereignty. The colonists resisted, fiercely. I skip over the rather nasty anti-Catholicism that was a part of this resistance because that is what adults do; because the fact that a sin was involved does not mean that it was either the cause of, or caused by, the event. The point is, the Glorious Revolution became a defining moment for Americans because it was not simply a British event; it also was American. The Glorious Revolution of 1688 showed, to both peoples, the increasing power of charters, and of petitions of grievances charging kings with violating inherited rights, to defend pre-existing ways of life.

          China’s capital flight and US monetary policy   

China’s capital flight and US monetary policy

Yin-Wong Cheung, Sven Steinkamp, Frank Westermann 27 January 2016

In a largely closed capital market like China, illicit capital flows are inherently difficult to measure as no official data is recorded and the true volume is unobservable. However, standard proxies in the literature suggest that it is economically sizable, amounting to up to 2% of GDP in recent years. Figure 1 displays three common measures of capital flight. Although these proxies appear to follow different dynamics, they have in common that they are large and on the same order of magnitude when compared to official flows.

Figure 1. Capital flight and official flows

Data sources: National Bureau of Statistics of China, China State Administration of Foreign Exchange, Directions of Trade Statistics (IMF), International Financial Statistics (IMF), own calculations.

Measures of capital flight

The World Bank residual measure of capital flight is based on the balance of payments statistics. It compares the sources to the uses of funds – that is, it takes net foreign investment and the change in foreign debt and deducts from it the current account balance as well as the change in reserves. The remainder is a series that has widely been used as a proxy of capital flight in the literature, an unexplained component in the balance of payments.

The trade mis-invoicing measure is based on the fact that different statistical agencies record the same export/import activities, but often report different numbers. For instance, an export out of China worth $1,000 may enter the US statistics with a value of $1,000, but enter the Chinese statistics with a value of only $500. When abstracting from transportation costs this ‘under-invoicing’ of exports may be a sign of capital flight, as the remaining $500 is placed in a US bank account rather than being sent to China.

A new pattern

An interesting new pattern is the decline of total illicit flows in recent years. In particular, capital flight as measured by trade mis-invoicing has declined since the beginning of the Crisis in 2007/8. In a new paper, we explain this new finding and interpret the results in the context of China’s trend towards a gradual liberalisation of its capital account (Cheung et al. 2016).

Earlier empirical studies have shown that illicit flows, just like official flows, respond to interest differentials between countries. As capital controls exist, covered interest differentials can occur and attract portfolio rebalancing by investors on both sides. The covered interest differential has been documented to be a relevant empirical factor explaining China’s capital flight. In our extensive empirical analysis, we show that this empirical link has remarkably diminished in recent years. Using an interaction dummy variable, we show that the post-2007 response to the covered interest differential has been significantly smaller – and is hardly different from zero.

The impact of US monetary policy and other factors

A new factor that started to play a role in the post-2007 period is the relative money supply between China and the US. While China’s money supply has been rapidly increasing for many years, the US has been following an expansionary monetary policy only since the onset of the Global Crisis. Empirically, we find that this change in the relative monetary stance of the two countries has had an impact on investors’ decisions to reallocate their portfolio between the two countries. The US expansion has significantly reduced capital flight out of China, in both the trade mis-invoicing as well as a combined measure of capital flight.

This empirical result helps to explain the reduced impact of covered interest differentials. The fit of the regression, measured for instance by the adjusted R2, improves when relative money supply and a dummy variable for the post-2007 period are added to the regression. This finding is also robust when controlling for other factors in a multivariate regression setup, including relative growth rates, exchange rate regimes dummy variables, and so on.

Another new factor that becomes increasingly important is China’s gradual process of capital account liberalisation. Using the new index of capital controls by Chen and Qian (2015), we control for this process. We find that it also starts being significant in the post-2007 period. Investors appear to appreciate China’s new policies by investing their financial resources domestically. Nevertheless, we also find that the ex post realised exchange rate volatility is a negative factor for capital flight (i.e. an increase in intra-day volatility of the renminbi has a significant positive impact on capital flight out of China).

A caveat: Transportation cost and insurance

In the absence of official data, all measures of capital flight are proxies and must be interpreted with caution in general. This is particularly the case for the trade mis-invoicing measure, as exports are commonly reported without transportation cost and insurance while data on imports include these items. The IMF and other researchers typically assume a constant 10% of the net trade value for transportation and insurance when computing trade mis-invoicing proxies.

But certainly trade costs can vary both across countries and over time. The statistical significance of tariff revenues in our regressions suggests that this is indeed a potential shortcoming of the analysis. To address this issue, we construct a modified version of the trade mis-invoicing measure that uses country-specific and time-varying trade cost estimates that were computed by the CEPII institute from a standard trade-gravity equation. The main results in the empirical analysis are unaffected by this change.

Economic and policy implications

Our empirical results highlight the challenges of managing China’s capital flight. First, different measures of capital flight seem to have different empirical determinants. Second, these determinants have been changing over time. From the Chinese perspective, it is thus important to take a disaggregated analysis into account when designing further steps of financial opening.

Our regression analysis extends only to the end of 2014 and does not include the events of the past year. Our findings imply, however, that the increased volatility in the summer of 2015 and in particular the recent raise in US interest rates, which were associated with expectations of a more general reversal of US monetary policy, may be the cause of a resurgence in capital flight. This reversal has already been visible in the World Bank residual measure, as well as the combined measure, in the first three quarters of 2015.


Cheung, Y-W, S Steinkamp and F Westermann (2016) “China's capital flight: Pre- and post-crisis experiences”, Journal of International Money and Finance, doi:10.1016/j.jimonfin.2015.12.009.

Chen, J and X Qian (2015) “Measuring the ongoing changes in China’s capital flow management: A de jure and a hybrid index data set”, HKIMR Working Paper No.11/2015.

Topics:  Global economy International trade Monetary policy

Tags:  capital flight, monetary policy, globalisation, international trade, Fed, expansion, capital account liberalisation, money supply, illicit capital flows, trade

          Comment on SBC Seminary enrollment wars and other interesting data points by Louis   
My perception is that each seminary has its own flavor, so to speak, and for me that is fine. There are issues of regionalism, emphasis, and personality that affect all of these things. SWBTS had really high enrollment numbers for years because of the perception that a student could attend there and not be awash in liberalism, which was stronger at Southern and SEBTS. New Orleans, GG, and MWBTS were seen as more regional, I suppose. The founding of the seminary at Baylor had a big impact on SWBTS. Also, Reformed theology is the rage with young people, and SWBTS is decidedly not that. I don't believe the dust ups over hiring and "prayer languages" have really affected SW all that much. I have never met a young person who told me they chose Southern, MW, GG, or SE over SW because of that. They may have chosen more liberal schools in TX over SW for different reasons. But if they did, I would want to know for certain why if I was ever going to hire any of them. The SBC churches should guard their doors very carefully to see that neoorthodoxy and/or some political emphasis that is exchanged for Gospel ministry do not creep back in. In my view, those dangers are very present.
          Comment on SBC Seminary enrollment wars and other interesting data points by Dwight Mckissic   
William & Allen, SWBTS faces by a long shot more competition that any other SBC seminary for students with evangelical and moderate-liberal seminaries and graduate schools within the DFW region and the state of Texas. That may explain why SWBTS no longer hold its lofty enrollment status compared to the other SBC seminaries. Students attracted to SWBTS may be equally or for various reasons, more so attracted to Dallas Theological Seminary, Criswell College, Dallas Baptist University, The Kings Universtiy, Truett Seminary(only 75 miles from DFW) or even more more moderate-liberal schools such as Brite Divinity School(TCU), Perkins School of Divinity(SMU), or graduate schools at Hardin-Simmons, or Baylor School of Religion. Probably no other SBC school comes anywhere close to facing that kind of stiff competition within a 100 mile radius of their campus. Having said that though, SWBTS in my opinion hurt themselves in how they handled the Sherri Klouda case, my chapel sermon that addressed the IMB policies that now align perfectly with what I advocated in my sermon in 2006, and a deserved or undeserved reputation with some African Americans that the atmosphere there is not engaging or affirming, and the unabashed Republicanism is repulsive to many, not all. It appears to me to not be as appealing to Black students today, as it was 35 yrs ago, up until the Klouda incident. I really would like to volunteer and help them increase the Black enrollment. But, I'd wish that they would be proactive in engaging and affirming Black students, Black church history, and the Black church. I wish that they would tone down the blatant Republican tweets and rhetoric, while toning up any issue with biblical support that may indeed align with Republican or conservative values. Yet, we have to stop way short, of making it appear that Republicans or President Trump are in any wise, more representative of the Kingdom than any other party or candidate. It's very obvious that he's not, and they're not. So, to see professors and even Dr. Patterson at times to appear to be totally sold out to President Trump and the Republicans is sickening. I recently read a tweet from a SWBTS professor that made me rethink whether or not, I should continue recommending students there, because of his blind loyalty to Trump. It would be poisonous for an African American to be trained in that kind of influence and culture and then go to serve a Black Church where the thinking would be so radically different. The infamous gangsta photo picture suggests that the preaching professors may do a great job, training Black preachers in exegeting a text, but clearly, they were so disconnected from culture & the Black culture( based on that photo) I seriously question are they able to teach Black preachers how to apply and illustrate the text within the context of the Black preachers culture. All of these incidents at SWBTS had had an adverse affect on Black enrollment in my opinion. Three of my preacher boys, who are also serving as Senior Pastors recently enrolled in Truett Seminary at Baylor. They commute from the Metroplex. In all three cases they perceive SWBTS to be cessationist, hypercomplentarian as opposed to soft complementarian, and hardlined Republican. My three preacher boys would be the opposite of how they perceive SWBTS. During the Hemphill reign, SWBTS wasn't percied in this manner. However, it's largely perceived that way now, and it's affecting enrollment. Don't think SWBTS want to change that perception. But, if they did, enrollment I believe would increase. SWBTS doesn't have to change her theology. But, just as Hemphill managed not to leave the perception of managing a seminary that's hardline cessationist, hypercomplimentarian, and Republican, if SWBTS wanted to, they could return the school to a more balanced perspective and views, as was held during the Hemphill reign.
          Para Kyai dan Habaib yang Dituduh Sesat, Liberal, Syiah dan Kafir    

Mereka yang hakikatnya teriak bela Islam dan mengklaim bahwa mereka melakukan ini untuk kemajuan Islam adalah bohong besar. Sejak kapan Islam mengalami kemajuan dengan cara cacimaki dan fitnah? Islam maju karena umatnya menjadi tauladan umat lain dengan akhlak dan ilmu pengetahuan.

Habib Quraish Shihab di tuduh anti jilbab, Syiah, sesat bahkan kafir. Padahal, Qurash Shihab yang mengharumkan nama Indonesia. Belum lama, Quraish Shihab menjadi tamu kehormatan Al Azhar, Mesir, tempat dimana dia menuntut ilmu. Quraish Shihab aktif menulis. Puluhan buku sudah dihasilkan, karya yang paling terkenal adalah tafsir al Misbah. Dimana dia menulis tafsir dari semua ayat Al Quran.

Gus Dur, yang di hina buta mata buta hati, liberal, bahkan kafir oleh sekelompok orang yang tidak suka dirinya. Padahal, Gus Dur ahli kitab kuning, cucu dari pendiri NU dan anak dari KH. Wahid Hasyim, kurang apalagi coba? Berkat Gus Dur, Islam yang identik dengan teroris menjadi Islam yang lembut. Saat peralihan rezim Soeharto, banyak konflik agama di tiap daerah, tapi Gus Dur mampu meredamnya. Sehingga kita bisa lihat, Indonesia bersatu dan damai.

KH. Musthofa Bisri, yang akrab di panggil Gus Mus pun pernah di cela. Dia Ulama yang alim, hanya karena lebih suka dakwah dengan puisi tak dianggap Ulama. Padahal, Gus Mus lah yang menjadi air di tengah tengah api. Tatkala ada sekelompok orang yang mengaku Ulama tapi meneriakan kata bunuh dan kafir, Gus Mus bilang, bahwa Kyai itu adalah bagian dari masyarakat maka harus mengayomi masyarakat.

Habib Lutfi bin Yahya, yang pernah disebut Liberal bahkan mufsid (perusak) adalah seorang Habib dan Ulama yang menyerukan persatuan. Dia adalah pemimpin tarekat di NU, yang kalo ceramah selalu mendengungkan nasionalisme. Maka tak jarang, jika Habib Lutfi mengadakan acara, yang non Muslim pun ikut hadir karena mereka tahu, bahwa Habib Lutfi selalu sejuk dalam ceramahnya.
Syafi'i Ma'arif yang akrab dipanggil Buya pernah di tuduh kafir hanya karena vokal membela Ahok dari kelompok yang menggunakan isu agama untuk pilkada. Padahal, separuh hidupnya untuk belajar Islam. Dia adalah murid Fazlur Rahman, Cendikiawan asal Pakistan yang mengajar di Amerika. Buya juga aktif menulis tentang Islam, Nasionalisme dan keindonesiaan.

KH. Said Aqil Siradj sang ahli tasawuf pun banyak di fitnah, mulai dari di fitnah liberal, sesat, kafir bahkan musyrik. Padahal, Kyai Said selalu mengajak persatuan demi kebaikan bangsa Indonesia. Dia di benci karena dia mempunyai data, pesantren pesantren yang menjadi corong ekstrimis.
Itulah sebagian Ulama yang membawa keteduhan, tapi justru mereka yang sering dikafirkan. Yang lebih lucu lagi, mereka dikafirkan oleh orang yang ilmunya jauh di bawah mereka dan bukan ahli agama.

Dishare dari Ardiyansyah

Sumber :
          „Sfârșitul ordinii mondiale liberale“   
Veteranul Schaeuble transmite un avertisment Statelor Unite, consideră presa conservatoare de peste Atlantic, în viziunea căreia actuala politică a lui Donald Trump va împinge Germania către crearea unei superputeri.
          Gabriela Firea continuă joaca de-a primărița pe bani publici   
Transparența deciziilor, a contractelor și a cheltuielilor municipalității a fost cea mai comentată promisiune electorală a Gabrielei Firea, după cele șapte luni de administrare liberală a Primăriei Capitalei.
          Comment on Politics of hate will convert today’s children into tomorrow’s murderers: Ravish Kumar by Shrikant Kumar Mahapatra   
I am an atheist. I am against any religion. In fact i think all the religion should be abolished. There should not be any religious holidays. But inspite of my personal view i have few question for the great pseudo liberal Ravish Kumar.First Ravish should clarify his stand on his brother case. Second what his stand on the lynching of the police officer in Srinagar. Third what is his stand on the displacement of Kashmiri Pandit from Kashmir. Fourth what is his stand on the lynching of Hindu pilgrim in Godhara Railway station.Fifth what is his stand on triple talaq. Sixth what is his stand on the fatwa for the assamese girl who sang Hindu devotional song.
          Chronicles Magazine   
Tom Fleming and his little mag are a delight, assuring me there's some wit left in the Catholic remnant. A pleasant change from the Remnant Newspaper, which is incapable of humor. In this month's Perspective column:

"Here in the United States, so-called liberals are really no revolutionary Marxists, while the people who call themselves conservatives are, at one extreme, libertarian capitalistsWho reject any principle or experience that cannot be sold at a profit or, at the other, monomaniacs engaged in a desperate search for a leader to tell them which cliff to jump off of."

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          Santorum or Paul ?   

I (and dozens of other folks) received a political endorsement from a very nice, well-meaning woman from my traditional Mass group this week. She was excited that Rick Santorum was talking publicly about the problem of birth control, and she asked us all to support someone who “shared our values.” Her Santorum plea intrigued me—I haven’t seen a faithful Catholic run for highest office, except for Buchannan, who was in a way “before my time”—but I’m still not in Santorum’s camp, to say the least. The Ron Paul sticker is still on my car.

Anyways, I spent a couple of hours crafting a response to her endorsement. I haven’t “stretched my polemical legs” in quite a while, so I’m grateful she gave me the opportunity and the inspiration. Since I was moderately satisfied with how my response turned out, I’m converting it to a blog post. Here goes:

Santorum's personal rejection of contraception is admirable, of course, and it's somewhat in contradiction to...say...Ron Paul, who--as an obstetrician in the 70s and 80s--presumably prescribed contraceptives and performed sterilizations. I'm making that assumption because he's a Protestant, and if he hadn't wrote scrips for the pill, NARAL and Planned Parenthood would surely have found out and painted him as an extremist by now.

But I don't think Santorum's personal position on contraception...even in contrast to someone like Paul who must have personally promoted it (whether he knew better or not) enough to compel my vote. Why not? Obviously, someone like Ron Paul isn’t consistently pro-life. But at the most basic level, Santorum isn't consistently "pro-life" either. Santorum’s "pro-life" personal views didn't get in the way of his politics when it would have mattered most: his support of Arlen Specter in the Pennsylvania Senate primary a few years ago. When Santorum could have backed another pro-lifer, Pat Toomey, and tipped the scales, he didn't. Instead, he supported Specter, who was NOT ONLY a pro-abort who controlled the Senate Judiciary Committee (where the best pro-life judicial nominees need not apply, even in the GOP's best days), but was also a turncoat who switched to the Democratic party a couple years later. Every observer I've read agrees that if Santorum had stuck to principle and stumped for Toomey, Toomey would have won (instead of lost by 1.7%), we'd have had a better Judiciary Committee, hence better federal judges, and the Dems wouldn't have had a filibuster-proof majority in the next go-round. (BTW, Toomey did beat Specter the next time and go to the senate after Santorum lost his own seat to a Democrat!)

And really, the issue of outlawing contraception in national doesn't simply matter, and Santorum won’t pursue it. I'm not saying that it shouldn't matter. It should, but it doesn't. Maybe some day it will at least matter at the state level. It's like nationally outlawing all pornography or buggery or usury or no-fault divorce. They are all admirable goals but candidly, they are not achievable on a national level at our present time and place. Although the link between abortion and all that bad stuff I mentioned above is obvious to us traditional Catholics, most non-Catholics (and heck, perhaps most novus ordo Catholics) aren't intellectually or spiritually equipped to deal with the link right now. We laymen should work one-on-one to convert people away from contraception, and our Bishops and priests should preach against it. However, too much public talk of outlawing contraception by a national political candidate at the present moment will be counterproductive. It will be exploited by his pro-abort enemies and slow down all our efforts to stop the greatest and "most fixable" of these evils...abortion. On this issue, we will only succeed if we tackle only one thing at a time.

The lady said Santorum “shares our values.” Well, leaving the pro-life issue and moving on to look at Santorum's other values? I honestly can't say they're the same as mine:

FIRST Santorum's an interventionist, looking to keep a huge United States military presence throughout the world--running up more debt, getting more American boys killed, and making more foreign enemies. For Santorum, patriotism is about geopolitical power. For me? Nope, patriotism is about loving ones’ land for what it is, not loving one’s government for the power it can project over other governments. Patriotism for me doesn't include going from one undeclared war to another….especially when the next one will be against a huge, prosperous country with a large, well-organized and educated populace that can really fight back—i.e., Iran. Nor does it involve the same bankrupting globalist busybody strategy as that other recently-collapsed empire: Great Britain.

SECOND, Santorum loves Israel--a state and a society which is absolutely hostile to the Church, and which is the very cause of that the "Islamo-Fascism" that Sean Hannity and Billy O’Reilly and the other neoconservative blowhards denounce. I, on the other hand, recognize that Israel is not a reliable ally, and that Moslems don't hate us for our freedom--they hate us because guys like Santorum vote to send Israel the guns and tanks and planes (and bombs marked "Made in the USA") that are used to kill their co-religionists, or if they’re lucky, merely expel them from their ancestral homes and leave them fenced in and starving.

THIRD, Santorum also believes in centralization of government, for example, federalizing education and doubling the number of education bureaucrats (99% of whom probably hate homeschooling). I adhere to the Catholic principle of subsidiarity--that is, the exercise of power by the lowest level capable of doing so (the family, the local church, the community, the state, and only where absolutely necessary, by the feds).

FOURTH, Santorum loves the police state, having voted for all sorts of restrictions on our ability to travel and communicate, and all sorts of new mechanisms for monitoring the daily activities of people in the United States. I value freedom of movement and (in my 30 or 40 flights a year) recognize that the TSA goons, the humiliating porn scanners, and the other monitoring of our activities don't keep us "secure"--they are simply part of a subtle retraining US residents to be sheepish and compliant subjects of the totalitarian state.

Neoconservatives like Rick Santorum and Newt Gingrich love the general growth in government as much as "moderates" like Mitt Romney and liberals like Hillary Clinton and Barry Obama. While their rhetoric is couched slightly differently, all of them want more government, more federal intrusion on our daily life, more perks for their friends (be they Obama's Chicago Daly Machine wonks or Mitt's Goldman Sachs pals or Santorum's military contractor donors or Newt's insurance company lobbying clients). Santorum won't make it easier for the Church to pursue its mission. He won't make it easier for faithful Catholics to raise holy families. He won't make it easier for our boys to find good jobs. He won't create the conditions necessary to rebuild Christian culture in the United States. And of course, he won't outlaw contraception. He has so many "backs to scratch" that he probably won't even get around to nominating judges that will unwind the nonsensical web of Constitutional "privacy" jurisprudence that prevents states from regulating contraception, prohibiting abortion, and discouraging buggery.

A friend of mine who’s since moved out of state—a very well-formed guy--once recommended Frank Sheed's book, Society and Sanity. Sheed is on solid Catholic ground, and he's an eloquent apologist. One of the central points of the book is a consideration of Christ's answer to the Pharisees, "Give to Caesar what is Caesar's...." He approaches modern politics (circa 1960, I think) in the form of two questions about government which should be distinct in everyone's mind, but which are often muddled...they are paraphrased by me as "Who gets to be Caesar?" and "What things are Caesar's?" which I'll further rephrase as "How far does Caesar's authority extend?" My friend also pointed me to where St. Thomas Aquinas addresses the same issues, but I found Sheed to be much more accessible.

So here we are in 2012: this is an election which should be more about the second question than it is the first. All but one of the candidates is focused entirely on the first question. They all want me to believe that if they're Caesar, I can trust them because they share my values, and they can do more for me, and they can do it better. The organs of the federal government will be more efficient and stronger, but they’ll serve my interests. Only one of the candidates has anything substantive to say about that second question, and only one wants you to think about the limits of Caesar's reach. And unfortunately, it ain't Catholic Rick Santorum. It's Protestant Ron Paul.

In a field of imperfect candidates (all either statists or liberals), Ron Paul not only opposes abortion, but he is the one who is the most likely to REALLY give new momentum to the life movement (perhaps more momentum than he himself intends). He'll install judges who read the Constitution as it is (imperfect though it may be) and throw out the reasoning in cases like Roe and Doe and even Carpenter (the case that invented the "right to privacy" that prevented states from regulating contraceptives) and Lawrence (the case that prevents states from outlawing buggery). He’s not touting a huge program of federal prohibitions in their place like some pro-life lobbyists want, but really, such a prohibition is a pipe dream. Returning the life issues to the states (where the battle can be fought and won at least in most places over time) is really the best we can hope for—and the best we should hope for. The several states, after all, are where the plenary power to punish offenses against life and property properly rest.

Also, even though Paul's economic positions aren't perfect, there isn't a Rerum Novarum candidate to compare him to. His Austrian economic theory (BTW, at least he can speak intelligently about economics--the other candidates can't) is a much more sound basis for economic policy than Obama's soft socialism or Romney's Goldman Sachs TARP capitalism or Santorum's military industrial cronyism. In the absence of a candidate with a workable Distributivist program (if there is such a thing), quoting or at least plagiarizing Hillaire Belloc, Pope Leo XIII, and GK Chesterton, Paul's the one candidate who will at least redirect the country in a general direction that could ultimately be refined to a Catholic economic order.

As for militarism and interventionism—Paul’s obviously not a jingo. And as for subsidiarity--that big question about the scope of Caesar's authority--it's clear that a Ron Paul administration will have a smaller federal government--leaving more room in our society for families, the Church, communities, and states to operate and seek the Good on their own. I don't think anyone would argue that point.

The restoration (or rather reformation) of American culture on sound Catholic principles won't be easy. Barring a huge cataclysm, it won't happen in my lifetime. But whenever and however it happens (if it happens at all), it can only come back if we clear away the choking roots of our out-of-control, anti-Catholic, antagonistic federal government, and leave some open ground for the shoots of a civil society where Catholic principles to grow and flourish. A Catholic Humanae Vitae candidate (or…for the pre-Vatican II crowd…a Casti Conubii candidate) who otherwise promises more central government control of society, more war, and more spending, isn't going to do that. But a Protestant obstetrician will do it, even if he may not really appreciated what he was doing with his prescription pad a few decades ago. Ultimately Ron Paul is not the best possible candidate, but this is a multiple-choice test, not fill-in-the-blank.

As I said before, the question is "Who understands what things are really Caesar's?" In each case, Ron Paul is the answer that comes closest to the correct one.

          Ассанж ответил на призывы СМИ и пользователей соцсетей убить его   

Короткая ссылка 20:35 Главный редактор WikiLeaks Джулиан Ассанж в своём Twitter опубликовал сообщения, в которых пользователи социальной сети, а также журналисты различных американских изданий, призывают к его устранению. Ассанж опубликовал сообщения, используя хэштег #tolerantliberal (толерантность либералов. — RT), а также постер статьи Washington Times, который выпущен с заголовком «Assassinate Assange» (убить Ассанжа). Также он привёл несколько десятков твитов, в которых ему желают смерти. «Есть ещё тысячи (сообщений с призывом) убить, покалечить, взорвать, похитить, посадить в тюрьму меня и других наших сотрудников, за наши попытки обучить людей», — написал Ассанж в Twitter. Он отметил, что либералы больше не придерживаются либеральных взглядов. «Либералы не либеральны. Они совокупились с худшими элементами государственной жестокости и любви к цензуре и смерти», — подчеркнул главред WikiLeaks. Ранее Ассанж предрёк крах Демократической партии США. Подписывайтесь на наш Telegram, чтобы быть в курсе важных новостей. Источник новости

Запись Ассанж ответил на призывы СМИ и пользователей соцсетей убить его впервые появилась События дня -

          Профессор MIT рассказал в программе Криса Хеджеса о либерализме   

Короткая ссылка 15:58 Публицист, профессор лингвистики Массачусетского технологического института (MIT) Ноам Хомский в программе Криса Хеджеса On Contact на RT America рассказал, что, по его мнению, в настоящее время представляет либерализм. «В первую очередь — идеи, личные связи, снижение роли общественных институтов. Идеология утверждает, что он (либерализм. — RT) увеличивает свободу, на самом деле он повышает уровень тирании», — рассказал профессор.   По его словам, это означает, что вместо того, чтобы «принимать решения и делать выбор на общественной площадке», всё переходит к частной тирании и высокой монополии. Ранее Хомский в интервью RT заявил, что рост популярности правых сил на Западе вызван проводимым в Европе и США неолиберальным курсом.  Подписывайтесь на наш Telegram, чтобы быть в курсе важных новостей. Источник новости

Запись Профессор MIT рассказал в программе Криса Хеджеса о либерализме впервые появилась События дня -

          Manufacturing Authenticity   

I was sitting in a darkened airplane reading the Business section of the “New York Times.” What kind of bizarre world do we live in where there’s more analysis and facts in the NYT than the supposed business paper of record, the “Wall Street Journal”? One in which the President denigrates the press, the liberals…

Read More

The post Manufacturing Authenticity appeared first on The Big Picture.

          150 Things to Know on Canada’s 150th Birthday   
On the occasion of Canada’s 150th birthday here are 150 things to know...

1. Today, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is one of the world’s most popular political leaders.
2. Justin Trudeau emerged out of the shadows and into the political spotlight when delivering the eulogy at his father’s funeral, the late Pierre Elliot Trudeau in September 2000.
3. The four pallbearers at the funeral were Justin Trudeau, the Aga Khan, former President Jimmy Carter and…the late Cuban autocrat Fidel Castro.
4. Justin Trudeau’s brother, Alexandre Trudeau, is a fearless filmmaker, who was Embedded in Baghdad before, during and after the U.S. invasion in 2003.
5. While Justin is a social media star, his father was the true showman, who once famously pirouetted behind Queen Elizabeth’s back.
6. In fact, this was just one of many colorful moments. To this day in Canada to give the ‘Pierre Trudeau salute’ means something, very interesting…
7. And who can forget the moment featuring the Rolling Stones, the paparazzi and the Prime Minister.
8. However, the elder Trudeau also did some amazing things for Canada. For starters, until 1982 when he brought it back to Canada, the constitution was effectively governed by the Queen of England.
9. That same year he pushed through the Canadian Charter of Rights & Freedoms.
10. This protection of Canadian rights and diversity did not emerge overnight. Back in 1971, the elder Trudeau declared the new Canadian multiculturalism policy.
11. Four years earlier, in 1967, Pierre Trudeau uttered these famous words: “There's no place for the state in the bedrooms of the nation,” when he decriminalized homosexuality in sweeping changes to the criminal code.
12. It took Canada until 2005 to legalize same-sex marriage, being the first nation outside of Europe and fourth in the world to do so.
13. However, while things were eventful under Pierre Trudeau they were also turbulent. He suspended civil liberties during the ‘October Crisis’ in 1970, when he invoked the ‘War Measures Act’ after a provincial cabinet minister was kidnapped by separatist militants.
14. He also enacted the National Energy Program in the 1980s which effectively federalized revenues from energy resources in Alberta, creating long-term hostility towards the federal Liberal Party in the years to come in Western Canada.
15. Trudeau was also an antagonist to separatist ambitions in Quebec, delivering two fiery speeches, one in 1980, and another in 1995 to thwart referendums for independence.
16. All in all, the elder Trudeau served for 15 years but he wasn’t the longest serving Prime Minister. That would be William Lyon Mackenzie King, who served for 21 years.
17. In second place was the founding Prime Minister, John A. Macdonald, who served for 18 years – and who also had a bit of a drinking problem.
18. When Canada was founded in 1867, there were only four provinces: Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
19. In fact it was not until 1949 that the last province, Newfoundland joined Canada, and that was only after a barely won referendum.
20. Canada also has three Territories: the Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavat, the latter being formed in 1999.
21. The country is extremely ‘big’, the second largest in the world with over 2 million lakes, among other things.
22. But, 75% of Canadians actually live within 100 miles of the U.S.-Canada border.
23. This may be one of the reasons why the U.S.-Canada economic relationship is the largest in the world, estimated to total US$630 billion in 2016 alone.
24. Close to 30,000 trucks cross the border every single day between the two countries.
25. While things are rosy today, it wasn’t always so. During the War of 1812, the Canadas, as the British colonies were known then, went to battle with the U.S., ultimately burning down the White House on August 24, 1814.
26. War was quite frequent back then due to competing French, British, and American ambitions. After fierce fighting, the 1763 Treaty of Paris essentially gave the British control over much of French Canadian land.
27. In addition, one cannot forget that much of Canadian land belonged to the First Nations, who have been marginalized, ostracizied, occupied and colonized throughout much of Canadian history.
28. During Canada’s first years, a group of people called the Metis who were ethnically mixed between First nations and European descent, rose up in rebellion, ultimately establishing a short-lived provisional government in 1870.
29. The leader of that rebellion Louis Riel was ultimately ranked as the 11th Greatest Canadian.
30. That battle was only one of many for the acknowledgement of the rights of First Nations. One of the worst stains on Canadian history was the residential school system that at one point put a third of all First Nations children under the care of the state.
31. Thousands of students died, and many more were subject to emotional, physical, and sexual abuse.
32. While today, people acknowledge some of these aspects of history, the fight is not over. One of the scandals that was a campaign issue for Justin Trudeau, was the plight of up to 4,000 missing or murdered aboriginal women.
33. Canada’s history has not always been one of inclusivity. The Chinese Exclusion or Immigration Act of 1923 effectively banned immigrants of Chinese origin.
34. This was a culmination of violence and protests against immigrants from East and South Asia, including riots in 1907 in Vancouver, British Columbia.
35. Today, whites are expected to become a minority in Vancouver by 2031 (although I suspect this has already happened).
36. 20.6% of Canadians are foreign-born today and 19.1% identify themselves as visible minorities. 3% of the population identifies as Muslim.
37. There are more Sikhs in the Canadian Cabinet than there are in India’s government (4 versus 2).
38. It was not until the 1940s, however, that Sikhs truly received voting rights.
39. Canadian women achieved the right to vote around the same time as women in the U.S. in the late 1910s.
40. Canada also became home to a number of Black Canadians due to the Underground Railroad, although racism has reared its ugly head in Canada as well.
41. While ethnic and racial struggles have been real, so have class struggles. A lot of this culminated in gained labor rights and ultimately universal healthcare.
42. The ‘grandfather’ of universal healthcare was actually New Democratic Party leader Tommy Douglas, who was named the Greatest Canadian in that (in-)famous poll.
43. Tommy Douglas is also the grandfather of prominent Canadian actor Kiefer Sutherland.
44. Kiefer Sutherland’s father is Donald Sutherland, who married Tommy Douglas daughter, prominent public figure, Shirley Douglas.
45. While living in the U.S. Donald Sutherland retained only Canadian citizenship but lost the right to vote due to the Conservative Party’s new laws in 2015.
46. This also led to a rallying cry by then candidate Justin Trudeau, that “A Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian.”
47. There are almost 3 million Canadians living abroad but many retain a vibrant Canadian identity.
48. For example, the Terry Fox Run, a hallmark of Canada, has been held in over 60 countries by countless millions over the years.
49. Through these runs over $650 million has been raised for cancer research.
50. And it is all inspired by Terry Fox, who ran the Marathon of Hope in 1980 after losing one leg to cancer.
51. He ended his run after reaching 5,373 kilometres over 143 days.
52. Inspired by Terry’s courage, a fellow West Coaster, Rick Hansen embarked on a Man in Motion World Tour for two years in 1985.
53. He criss-crossed 34 countries raising $26 million along the way.
54. It also inspired the song St. Elmo’s Fire, which reached #1 on the Billboard Charts.
55. The best-selling Canadian artist of all time remains Celine Dion, who has sold over 200 million albums worldwide.
56. It appears though that fellow Canadian Justin Bieber may soon beat her on the charts.
57. There are a lot of Canadian singers, that are quite prominent, but they often live abroad, like Bryan Adams.
58. In fact, Bryan Adams and Beverley Hills 90210 star Jason Priestly went to the same high school, Argyle Secondary School in Vancouver.
59. And while Bryan Adams is known for his singing, he once mixed up the lyrics of the Canadian national anthem.
60. The Canadian national anthem, ‘O Canada’, was itself composed in 1880.
61. However, the lyrics of the anthem were originally French and were then translated into English.
62. The final English version emerged two decades later, which remains with us today.

Since his election in 2013, Francis has given hope to progressives who want him to forge ahead with his vision for a more welcoming Church that concentrates on mercy rather than the strict enforcement of rigid rules they see as antiquated.

Mueller is one of several cardinals in the Vatican who have publicly sparred with the pope.


His departure follows the high-profile exit of fellow conservative Cardinal George Pell, the Vatican economy minister who took a leave of absence on Thursday to face charges of historical sexual abuse in his native Australia.

In 2015 both were among 13 cardinals who signed a secret letter to the pope complaining that a meeting of bishops discussing family issues was stacked in favor of liberals. The letter was leaked, embarrassing the signatories.

"Clearly, the pope and Cardinal Mueller have not been on the same page for five years," the priest said.

Mueller has criticized parts of a 2016 papal treatise called "Amoris Laetitia" (The Joy of Love), a cornerstone document of Francis' attempt to make the 1.2 billion-member Church more inclusive and less condemning.

In it, Francis called for a Church that is less strict and more compassionate toward any "imperfect" members, such as those who divorced and remarried, saying "no one can be condemned forever".

Conservatives have concentrated their criticism on the document's opening to Catholics who divorce and remarry in civil ceremonies, without getting Church annulments.

Under Church law they cannot receive communion unless they abstain from sex with their new partner, because their first marriage is still valid in the eyes of the Church and therefore they are seen to be living in an adulterous state of sin.

In the document the pope sided with progressives who had proposed an "internal forum" in which a priest or bishop decide jointly with the individual on a case-by-case basis if he or she can be fully re-integrated and receive communion.

After the document was published Catholic bishops in some countries, including Germany, enacted guidelines on how priests could allow some divorced and remarried Catholics to receive the sacraments.

But Mueller has said there should be no exceptions, making him a hero to conservatives who have made the issue a rallying point for their opposition to Francis.

(Reporting by Philip Pullella; editing by Helen Popper and Jason Neely)

          Pope shakes up Vatican by replacing conservative doctrinal chief    

By Philip Pullella

VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - In a major shake-up of the Vatican's administration on Saturday, Pope Francis replaced Catholicism's top theologian, a conservative German cardinal who has been at odds with the pontiff's vision of a more inclusive Church.

A brief Vatican statement said Cardinal Gerhard Ludwig Mueller's five-year mandate as head of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, a department charged with defending Catholic doctrine, would not be renewed.

The position is the most important one that a pope fills in the Vatican hierarchy after the Secretary of State. Most incumbents keep it until they retire, which in Mueller's case would have been in six years.

Mueller, 69, who was appointed by former Pope Benedict in 2012, will be succeeded by the department's number two, Archbishop Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer.

Ladaria, a 73-year-old Spaniard who, like the Argentine pope is a member of the Jesuit order, is said by those who know him to be a soft-spoken person who shuns the limelight. Mueller, by contrast, often appears in the media.

"They speak the same language and Ladaria is someone who is meek. He does not agitate the pope and does not threaten him," said a priest who works in the Vatican and knows both Mueller and Ladaria, asking not to be named.

Since his election in 2013, Francis has given hope to progressives who want him to forge ahead with his vision for a more welcoming Church that concentrates on mercy rather than the strict enforcement of rigid rules they see as antiquated.

Mueller is one of several cardinals in the Vatican who have publicly sparred with the pope.


His departure follows the high-profile exit of fellow conservative Cardinal George Pell, the Vatican economy minister who took a leave of absence on Thursday to face charges of historical sexual abuse in his native Australia.

In 2015 both were among 13 cardinals who signed a secret letter to the pope complaining that a meeting of bishops discussing family issues was stacked in favor of liberals. The letter was leaked, embarrassing the signatories.

"Clearly, the pope and Cardinal Mueller have not been on the same page for five years," the priest said.

Mueller has criticized parts of a 2016 papal treatise called "Amoris Laetitia" (The Joy of Love), a cornerstone document of Francis' attempt to make the 1.2 billion-member Church more inclusive and less condemning.

In it, Francis called for a Church that is less strict and more compassionate toward any "imperfect" members, such as those who divorced and remarried, saying "no one can be condemned forever".

Conservatives have concentrated their criticism on the document's opening to Catholics who divorce and remarry in civil ceremonies, without getting Church annulments.

Under Church law they cannot receive communion unless they abstain from sex with their new partner, because their first marriage is still valid in the eyes of the Church and therefore they are seen to be living in an adulterous state of sin.

In the document the pope sided with progressives who had proposed an "internal forum" in which a priest or bishop decide jointly with the individual on a case-by-case basis if he or she can be fully re-integrated and receive communion.

After the document was published Catholic bishops in some countries, including Germany, enacted guidelines on how priests could allow some divorced and remarried Catholics to receive the sacraments.

But Mueller has said there should be no exceptions, making him a hero to conservatives who have made the issue a rallying point for their opposition to Francis.

(Reporting by Philip Pullella; editing by Helen Popper and Jason Neely)

          Decision on Kosovan independence to be postponed: Delay prompted by fears over Serbian nationalism Proposal to be announced after Belgrade elections   

LENGTH: 383 words

The international powers have put off deciding to impose independence on Kosovo in an attempt to forestall extreme nationalists coming to power in Serbia.Serbia yesterday announced early elections for January 21, with the extreme nationalist Radical party tipped to emerge as the strongest party. Simultaneously in Vienna, the UN envoy for Kosovo, Martti Ahtisaari of Finland, and diplomats from the US, Europe and Russia went back on earlier pledges to resolve Kosovo's status this year. They said they would wait until after the Serbian ballot before making public their recommendations.Kosovo, which has an Albanian majority, is formally part of Serbia but won an independence war in 1999 when the Serbian authorities were driven out by Nato. Since then it has been under UN control.Mr Ahtisaari has been negotiating with the Serbs and Albanians since February in a vain attempt to find a settlement. Since there is no prospect of agreement, he is to propose to the UN security council that the international community impose his recommendations. "I have decided to present my proposal for the settlement of Kosovo's status to the parties without delay after parliamentary elections in Serbia," Mr Ahtisaari said in Vienna.Serbian officials have been trying to delay a decision on Kosovo and are waging a ferocious campaign warning of the risks to international stability of an independent Kosovo. Last month the prime minister, Vojislav Kostunica, rushed through a new constitution proclaiming Kosovo forever part of Serbia. The Kosovo issue will dominate the election campaign.In a study of the new constitution this week, the International Crisis Group thinktank said that Serbia was turning its back on mainstream liberal democracy in Europe and reverting to a role as a nationalist, authoritarian seat of instability in the Balkans.Mr Ahtisaari, strongly backed by the US and Britain, is certain to recommend that Serbia lose Kosovo, although the province's independence will be hedged with conditions that fall short of full sovereignty for some time to come. Tensions are rising as the deadline for a decision nears. Any longer postponement risks an explosion of frustration among Kosovo's two million Albanians.Ethnic Albanians in Pristina, Kosovo's capital. Kosovo has an Albanian majority
          'The Strange Death Of Europe' Warns Against Impacts Of Immigration : NPR   
MURRAY: Let me give you one very quick example. In Britain, we, some decades ago, came to a fairly straightforward accommodation and belief towards tolerance towards people who were of sexual minorities. If you - if you look now at all opinion surveys of the people who've come in most recently, they have very, very different views. A poll carried out a couple of years ago found that among U.K. Muslims there was zero - zero - belief that homosexuality was a permissible lifestyle choice. And a poll taken just last year in Britain found that 52 percent of British Muslims wanted being gay in the U.K. to be made illegal now. Now, there are people who won't bake your wedding cake if you're gay. There are some ultra-Protestants who won't marry you in their churches. But these are people who actually want to make it a crime punishable in law in the 21st century in Britain. So I'm afraid that everyone has to concede - liberal or conservative or whatever -…
          The Failure of Public Transportation   
By Douglas V. Gibbs
AuthorSpeakerInstructorRadio Host

Public transportation has its place.  For some people it is a necessary mode of travel.  Not everyone has the ability to afford a vehicle, or the fortune of having a job that is only a bike ride away.  Therefore, the extreme idea of eliminating any public transportation is not being entertained here.  But, as much as we should not totally eliminate public transportation, we also should not push for increasing public transportation with the goal of removing people from their vehicles, or to the point of building super-trains with money we don't have for a population that will likely not ride it.

In California the liberal left Democrats want us out of our cars, and they look to New York's mass transit system as an example.  The reality is, New York City's public transportation is a mess, as is anything, eventually, when the government controls it.

NYC BREAKDOWN: Subways held together with zip ties...

First raccoon, now giant snake hitches ride...

Cuomo Declares State Of Emergency...

-- Political Pistachio Conservative News and Commentary
          Specific learning difficulties lives matter in with Mainstream schools and society   

In the England and uk the special educational schools are not any type of answer to the breach humanity and compassion for other in out society and access to national curriculum educational alternative and they are ghettos and Social isolation, Care home from society for people with autism spectrum , aspergers syndrome , adhd at the expensive to the tax pay which is more expensive instead up to really liberal values and EU Human rights act and United nations Disabled, international convention holding for rights of child with special educational needs to choose complete integration for there specific learning difficulties whether in may be primary school and secondary the teachers and head masters and tory , labour , Liberal democrats , Media education reporters attitudes about pupils with special education cannot access mainstream school curriculum, disprute others in class of children not being abled spare the time or Volunatry classroom assitant, Parent  and do Options GCSES at 16 years old and 18 years A levels and university and useless statementing gold ticket which is seen as advantage for people which all money is given to university students who have moral self advantage who get special educational services funding with Student Disability allowance, NHS Disability allowance through NHS for students to Dyslexia, Dyscalculia, Dyspraxia, Dysgraphia , Aspergers syndrome, ADHD many who are in special needs schools or college cant get tests for separate types of learning disabilities which is moral self hypocrisy by government and arrogance, decades of oppression against of these people in by Uk government not listening to views of people special needs education rather than parents with phonie buzzword parental choice the child has mental capcity to think or choose there own life with the counts or lawyers with legal case or special education LEA choosing diveristy and equality box and pupil  number with usless advice lack in any conception what is like not getting support you need and given gargage excurses its budgets  .Being able to have good well payed job not walked over by society and end in mental health system, ghettosied sheltered housing run by middle age people women, being your person with life ambitions and self indepdent and have no social  anxiety disorder and epilespy. .

          Nothing to Hide   

This article supplements Slate’s Conspiracy Thrillers Movie Club. To learn more and to join, visit

Most generally but most straightforwardly, surveillance narratives relying heavily on satellite and GPS imagery indicate the place surveillance technologies have come to hold in the formations of geopolitics, particularly through the integration of system and subject. This integration can be traced directly to the manner in which surveillance is incorporated into a film’s storyline, but, perhaps more importantly, also to its increasingly privileged place as an aspect of cinematic continuity systems. What one finds in films that incorporate locative technology and satellite imaging is that both systems serve dual and interrelated purposes: to visually establish an individual subject from a great distance, and to find a technological means within the narrative for motivating crosscutting between shots that construct elaborate plot connections between spaces, people, events, and actions. Whether they include a liberal surface critique of surveillance in their narrative, or unabashedly celebrate the spectacle of global surveillance, such films work to legitimize that caricatured element of the “world image.”

There are myriad examples: In the seminal example of such films, Enemy of the State, the numerous shots coded as satellite images, targeting the protagonist from high above, visually situate him in a variety of complex urban spaces. These shots are then “put into play” as they are crosscut with shots of the satellites themselves in orbit, the satellite operation center, and other figures in the political drama that unfolds.

GPS imaging, a digitally animated rendering of a figure in a given space enabled by satellite locative technologies, serves a similar purpose in these narratives, and is used both alongside and interchangeably with satellite photography. The image, though this time arguably more mediated by digital animation than photographic images, is designed to show a point on a map from above. These data visualizations appear in the same cinematic genre and with an almost identical narrative function as the satellite photography—to visually pinpoint a singular figure within a broad narrative and visual context—and thus GPS also provides a tie between the general and the particular, an individual body and a system. Satellite and GPS images often serve the function of establishing shots, providing the context for the individual storylines that will develop either within the entire film, or within the scene that shot is establishing. Here, however, the establishing shot is a continuous presence, insistently tying the individual’s image and action to its context—a context that includes not just the space the satellite provides an image of, but the space that includes the satellite—a world system in which satellite technologies have an integral part, both symbolic and literal. The cinematic satellite image is, like many surveillance moments within these narratives, a type of point-of-view shot—an image that, insofar as it is highlighted as a technologized vision set apart from the other cinematic images, insistently refers back to itself as much as it refers to the objects it provides images of.

The satellite and GPS images within these films also clearly function as a narrative device, a technique that motivates crosscutting or establishes other cinematic forms of narrative connectivity. The satellite or GPS image almost never exists as a signifying image in and of itself; instead it is used as a mode of producing narrative relationality across very broad fields, and almost inevitably, in a manner that highlights the individual as a geopolitical subject. Most frequently and simply, this will take the form of a chase scene, in which we see not only what is happening on the ground but also the third and broader term in the chase—the larger agency monitoring and directing the chase through satellite and GPS, an agency that represents the broader political context of the smaller, individual actions below. Within these scenes, the surveillant image and the surveilling agency are frequently the narrative touchstone, the fulcrum of the scene, as much if not more than the protagonist (who is rarely aligned with the surveillant gaze) and in this way, we see the further invitation to the film’s spectators to identify themselves with both the system of surveillance and a globalizing visual logic, even as they are also identified with a character subjected to that system.

The fact that the great majority of scenes utilizing satellite and GPS are chase scenes that culminate in destruction and often death (though rarely of the protagonist) is crucial to understanding exactly what kind of global system this is: All the films use surveillance technology that visualizes “location” in such a way that it serves as a narrative and stylistic pivot that constructs relationships among individual bodies, inter- and transnational spaces, and broad global systems through economies of violence. The agency and world citizenship of the protagonists of current political action-thrillers is offered only in relation to a violent targeting, even as they gain increased value within a larger symbolic economy of “global” politics. The frequent result is that these films follow both a narrative and spatial trajectory that frequently establishes Americans as geopolitical subjects through monitored immersion in globalized urban locations.

Enemy of the State, as suggested above, has come to serve as the model for more recent films that incorporate satellite imaging as an integral part of the narrative, and Tony Scott (before his suicide in 2012) was becoming somewhat of a surveillance auteur, continuing these themes and aesthetics in the 2006 action-sci-fi-terrorism-thriller Déjà vu. Enemy of the State tells the fictionalized story of the political intrigue surrounding a bill that allows the U.S. government broad powers of surveillance, pitting corrupt National Security Agency leadership against resistant members of Congress and unwitting citizens. The political tale is told through the filter of one of these citizens, a labor attorney played by Will Smith. With the casting of Smith, Enemy of the State establishes itself as an action-based political film with a personality-based narrative, even before the narrative unfolds. While it is “set” entirely within the U.S., both the political stakes around national security and the use of GPS and satellite within the narrative make this a film that presents domestic concerns (in a number of senses) as on the cusp of global political significance.

Smith’s character, Robert Dean, finds himself by pure happenstance at the center of this intrigue when an old college buddy surreptitiously drops a computer disk into Dean’s shopping bag as he runs for his life. The disk contains surveillance footage of a congressman’s murder, which Dean’s friend, a wildlife researcher, captured unintentionally with a hidden camera intended to record birds. This series of purely accidental encounters results in a large-scale manhunt (already begun with the chase of the friend who slips the disk to Dean), with the massive technological and political power of the NSA unleashed upon Dean by those responsible for the videotaped murder. The narrative is organized around Dean’s discovery that he is being tracked and then targeted, followed by his attempts to extricate himself from the multiple “framings” used against him as weapons: The constant visual frames of the surveillance he is now under, and the information technology-enabled frame-up in which his professional, financial, and personal life are destroyed such that he will have no credibility should he go public with the video.

By using the NSA’s access to massive amounts of personal data as the method of targeting Dean alongside its elaborate geo-surveillance operation, the film already effectively elides any distinction between its surveillance system and the myriad economic and social systems through which daily life functions in the contemporary United States. Here, Enemy of the State suggests the dependence of a subject’s position on the “correct” functioning of multiple systems (computer systems, legal systems, financial systems, etc.), which a surveillant narrative structure produces as integrated and thus unstable—a threat to one’s very identity. Ultimately, the film goes to great lengths to demonstrate how an individual’s life, in this case bourgeois domestic life in particular, is inextricably linked to geopolitical concerns; in no uncertain terms, it also makes clear that the tie that binds these realms is a network of surveillance systems.

Similarly to the visual system described above, in which the pinpointing of an individual is tied to a representation of global totality through satellite imaging, Enemy of the State insists that the political debates about national security versus individual rights come down to a question of how much one’s domestic space can and should be put into relationship with national security practices and geopolitical systems. The increasing intrusion of the NSA into Dean’s life also involves the revelation of his marital problems resulting from a prior affair, and the film moves frequently back and forth between his domestic space and his implication in the political conspiracy. The suggestions of marital difficulty are themselves heavily interspersed with clear visual and narrative representations of an upper-middle-class couple very much in love and happy in the domestic space that they share with their young son. As the surveillance is ratcheted up, the fallout from his infidelity is reactivated and his marriage and domestic life are destabilized; the plot thread in which he evades surveillance, clears his name, and manages to expose the government figures targeting him is joined with the plot thread in which he reconnects with his wife and re-establishes domestic propriety and happiness.

In and of itself, this is unremarkable—surveillance films are certainly not the only Hollywood narratives in which the establishment or re-establishment of a heterosexual union is provided as the corollary resolution to a parallel or primary narrative thread. As has been argued in numerous contexts, this is the very lifeblood of classical Hollywood narrative. The particular insistence on this formula in this context is notable more for the significance that “intimate,” domestic space comes to hold in a film that is on every other level concerned with presenting as broad an aesthetic and narrative as possible. Unlike the films of the 1970s and 1980s, which feature usually unmarried and often antisocial protagonists attempting to uncover a vast political system, the otherwise paranoid political vision of Enemy of the State returns to a more classical Hollywood formula. The film’s structure and its reliance on heterosexual monogamy to define both discord and resolution imply that geopolitical stakes are in some ways reducible to the domestic stakes of the bourgeois household.

To drive this point home (as it were), the film closes not with Dean’s successful escape from surveillance but instead with multiple formations of surveillant mediation “managed” within and by domesticity. The final scene presents Dean and his wife sitting on their couch watching television: They have exposed the “bad apples” in the U.S. government with the help of an ex-NSA operative now working as a surveillance expert, Edward Lyle (played by Gene Hackman in what is one of this film’s several references to the earlier canonical surveillance narrative, The Conversation). As they watch the political story from which they have now extricated themselves play out on their television, “resolution” here suggests a return to their proper roles as spectators. As Dean’s wife (also an attorney) shouts her critiques of governmental surveillance at the screen, he playfully turns her comments into a sexual innuendo, and the connection between their position as media consumers, the liberal critique of government overreach, and the stability of their upper-middle-class existence becomes synonymous with narrative resolution.

The scene continues with Dean flipping through the channels until he sees a live video image of himself, sitting and watching TV. Realizing that this surveillance shot is a perversely playful greeting from his mysterious ally, he responds conversationally to the television as Lyle communicates a message through a series of televised images. Rather than respond with outrage that Lyle has invaded his home, Dean merely teases him—“You are one sick man”—and accepts this “friendly” invasion of his privacy as humorous. The film closes with Dean’s television returning to its usual broadcast in the form of Larry King, who in 1998 was an iconic political talk show host, conducting a discussion about surveillance and national security, followed by a cut to the film’s final imagery: satellite photography of the globe—the “Earth-shot” Lisa Parks cites as the emblematic image of idealized globalization. King’s characteristic political narcissism provides the film’s concluding dialogue in voiceover: “You’ve got no right to come into my home.”

The contiguity offered between domestic space and global imaging is announced here with little subtlety: A final political comment provided by a televised media figure on the sanctity of domestic space, accompanied by an image of the globe, sets the terms fairly clearly. Even while the media provides critiques of surveillance culture, it is that same mediating presence that provides the link between the “world system” and individual subjects within it. By establishing both a visual and narrative continuity between the personal and the political, the singular and the total, the house and the globe, all through devices of surveillance and mediation, the film indicates that it is in some ways proper domestic work—and the task of the media consumer—to establish one’s place in the global system. The connection to legal and political debates about security versus privacy is clear, but what the film seems to suggest is that ultimately the privacy at stake is that of the liberal bourgeois subject who, even if his or her domestic life isn’t perfect, ultimately has “nothing to hide” and must, like Dean, merely accept with begrudging good humor the pervasiveness of surveillance as part of the economy of mediation in upper-middle-class America.

A reading of this film through its positioning of the ideal liberal bourgeois subject in a security state is bolstered by the casting of a black actor and celebrity, Will Smith, in the lead role. Beyond its function as a star vehicle for Smith, it is not inconsequential that a film about the unfair targeting of a black man by American surveillance and security operatives takes such pains to emphasize this targeting as an absolute, unequivocal coincidence. Both in the casting of Smith and the implicit reliance on his bankability as an action star, the film narrates the overreach of state surveillance in the 1990s in a framework that completely ignores and even puts under erasure the racial projects of American surveillance (and cinema): the racializing and profiling central to the policing of black populations, the Islamophobic securitization characteristic of the 1990s on through today, and countless others that have rendered the histories of surveillance inseparable from the histories of race in the United States. Instead, Smith is cast in a role that in today’s parlance would be referred to as “postracial” (in terms of both his upward career trajectory and his narrative function within the film), suggesting a significant disavowal at the heart of this critique of surveillance and an investment in the idea that this could happen to anyone (an idea that also has come to define contemporary forms of celebrity, especially as constructed by reality programming).

If we consider the film’s narrative formulation in relation to the stylistic constructions discussed earlier, what emerges is that Enemy of the State’s narrative efforts to establish the individual subject in relation to a global system do not ultimately serve to highlight the political implications and context of an otherwise individualized subject. Rather, they serve to eclipse historically embodied political experience, particularly as defined by racial identity, in favor of a liberal subject defined in relation to an aesthetic of geopolitics, an aesthetic produced through the incorporation of global imaging and information systems into cinematic continuity devices and broader media culture. This aesthetic in turn serves to centralize and privilege the place of the bourgeois media consumer even as that consumer is shown to be endangered by the very technologies that enable his or her position.

Excerpted from Surveillance Cinema by Catherine Zimmer. Reprinted with permission from NYU Press.

          Confusion And Incivility In Our World   

Volume XXXVI Issue VII July 2017
Last Trumpet Ministries, PO Box 806, Beaver Dam, WI 53916
Phone: 920-887-2626 Internet:

"The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it? I the Lord search the heart, I try the reins, even to give every man according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings."

Jeremiah 17:9-10

"O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things."

Matthew 12:34-35

"Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. This is the first and great commandment."

Matthew 22:37-38

"For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches of the saints."
I Corinthians 14:33

In this issue of the Last Trumpet Newsletter, we will examine a world run amok with confusion, chaos, and incivility. At this present time, there are throngs of people walking about in a state of confusion, seemingly uncertain of many things, including something as simple and basic as one's gender. In Genesis 1:27 we read, "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them." Yet, today we live in a world where some women want to be men, some men want to be women, and some people do not want to be either man or woman. Those who refuse to be called either male or female are now referred to as "non-binary" human beings. (1)

In June 2017 it was announced that Oregon will become the first state in the United States to allow individuals to choose a third gender for their state issued identification or driver's license. On these identification cards, male will be marked with the traditional M, female will be marked with an F, and the third "non-binary" gender will be marked with an X. (2) The new policy came about largely on the efforts of a man named Jamie Shupe who became the first person in the United States to be legally pronounced neither male nor female in 2016. Shupe had previously tried to transition to the female gender but eventually decided he did not want to be female either. "I only became a female because I had no other choice. All of the systems channeled me in that direction, both medical and government, until I took a stand against that. It wasn't until I got to Portland [Oregon] and got exposure to the queer community that I then understood how wrong all what had been done to me was," Shupe stated. Despite Shupe's claim to be neither male nor female, he seems to acknowledge that he was born with a male body. "Turning a male body, especially an older male body into female, I think it really sets the stage for people committing suicide. I mean you had to maintain a hyper-feminine appearance 24-7 or you were back to getting called sir," Shupe lamented. (3) It is my personal belief that this individual is being tormented by evil spirits. Shupe even uses the pronouns "they," "them," and "their" as personal identifiers which suggests that there is more than one evil spirit involved. Needless to say, Shupe does not think highly of Christians. "All the Bible-thumpers believe that there's only males and females according to the Bible. I'm the person who destroyed that in the United States," Shupe boasted. (4) The new policy will take effect in Oregon on July 1, 2017. (5)

Following Oregon's lead the American capital city of Washington, D.C., also announced that they will begin issuing identification cards and driver's licenses with a non-binary gender option on June 26, 2017. (6) A similar change in policy might soon be implemented in the state of New York where New York Assistant Speaker of the House Felix Ortiz has introduced legislation that if passed would allow a non-binary gender designation on driver's licenses and identification cards. "Our governmental agencies should reflect the society we live in. While this change may seem small, it is a step forward to change the rigid mindset often faced by many today," Ortiz stated. (7)

Why are a growing number of men finding it so painful to be part of the male gender? In recent decades, we have seen an effort from the liberal left to villainize manhood. We are often told that men are responsible for all of the world's woes and that being a masculine man is a bad thing. Leftists frequently refer to this so-called problem as "toxic masculinity." (8) Consider the words of the famous singer and actress known as Bette Midler who posted a message online in response to a recent terrorist attack in London. In this message, Midler wrote: "More sorrow and grief at the hands of madmen. Men and religion are worthless." (9) Instructors at college campuses will often preach against masculinity too. For example, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill published a website in 2016 which asked, "How has the concept of masculinity contributed to the perpetration of violence in our society?" (10) It was also reported that students at Gettysburg College in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, were subjected to a mandatory orientation video which declares that the three most damaging words a boy can hear are "be a man." (11) Is it any wonder that some men are so desperate to not be members of the male gender?

Oddly enough, despite the fact that the male gender is so often disparaged, some women in these modern times have decided that they want to be men. This includes a woman living in Portland, Oregon, who claims to be a transgendered male. She has undergone testosterone treatments to deepen her voice and enable her to grow facial hair while presenting herself as a very masculine person. Yet, she is pregnant and will soon have a biological child with her homosexual husband. The couple has two adopted children, one of which claims to be very excited about her "dad's" pregnancy. "What I was thinking about a baby that my dad's having, it's really, really fun, it's really, really exciting," the child said. (12)

We now live in a bewildering world where we are told that transgender men can give birth to babies, and a growing number of people are so tormented that they do not want to be the gender they were given by God, nor any gender at all. This is a spirit of confusion at work, and we know that God is not the author of confusion. People are accustomed to being told that they can be whatever they want, and they are often advised to follow their hearts. Yet, the Scriptures tell us in Jeremiah 17:9, "The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked: who can know it?" In like manner, Jesus tells us in Matthew 12:35, "A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things." It is for this reason that we must surrender our lives to God and give Him our hearts. For as we read in Matthew 22:37, "Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind." If you have not yet repented of your sins and given your heart to God, I urge you to do so now. In so doing, you feel find that God enables His people to overcome all the confusion of this world.

USA: A Hotbed Of Incivility

On June 19, 2017, CBS News published an article with a headline that declares, "Americans say U.S. political debate is increasingly uncivil." (13) Of course, if you have interacted with people in the United States at all lately, you do not need a poll published by a news outlet to declare this blatantly obvious fact. The election of Donald Trump as President of the United States last year divided the nation, and bitterness has been festering in this country ever since that time. Despite the fact that it has been nearly one half of a year since Trump was inaugurated as President, the ugliness has not subsided.

In recent weeks we have seen numerous celebrities and public figures insinuate or otherwise suggest that the current President of the United States should be assassinated. For example, in March 2017 the rapper known as Snoop Dogg released a music video which portrayed him firing a toy gun at a clown named Ronald Klump who strongly resembled the President. Speaking of his video, Snoop Dogg was quoted as saying, "I don't ever expect or look for a reaction. I just put it out because like it's something that's missing. Anytime I drop something, I'm trying to fill in a void. I feel like it's a lot of people making cool records, having fun, partying, but nobody's dealing with the real issue with this… clown as president." (14)

Perhaps the vilest of all celebrities in Hollywood is the so-called comedienne Kathy Griffin. In 2007 Griffin made headlines after she mocked Jesus during her acceptance speech at the Emmy Awards. During this speech Griffin said, "A lot of people come up here and thank Jesus for this award. I want you to know that no one had less to do with this award than Jesus." She then made a remark aimed at Jesus that is so blasphemous that I cannot even publish it in this newsletter. Finally, she told the audience, "This award is my god now." (15) Griffin, who once made a television special entitled "Straight to Hell," (16) stirred controversy again in late May 2017 when she published a photo of herself holding a fake and bloodied decapitated head, which very strongly resembled the head of Donald Trump. The grotesque image was so offensive that even liberal public figures such as Chelsea Clinton condemned it. After calling the photo "vile and wrong," Clinton said, "It is never funny to joke about killing a president." (17) First Lady Melania Trump was also deeply offended. "As a mother and a wife, and a human being, that photo is very disturbing. When you consider some of the atrocities happening in the world today, a photo opportunity like this is simply wrong and makes you wonder about the mental health of the person who did it." (18) After being fired by CNN and losing at least one endorsement deal, Griffin apologized. "I sincerely apologize… I'm a comic. I cross the line. I move the line, then I cross it. I went too far. The image is too disturbing; I understand how it offends people. It wasn't funny. I get it. … I beg for your forgiveness," Griffin claimed. (19) Days later, Griffin blamed Trump for her downfall rather than admitting that she was at fault for her actions. "I don't think I'm going to have a career after this. I'm going to be honest, he broke me. A sitting president of the United States and his grown children, and the First Lady, personally, I feel, are trying to ruin my life forever," she lamented. (20) I suspect that the same evil spirits who once inspired a woman named Herodias, who was the wife of Herod, to demand the head of John the Baptist are now working in Kathy Griffin.

Actor Johnny Depp has also hinted that perhaps President Trump should be put to death. Speaking at a film festival in Glastonbury, England, on June 22, 2017, Depp told the audience regarding Trump, "It is just a question - I'm not insinuating anything. By the way, this is going to be in the press. It will be horrible. I like that you are all a part of it. When was the last time an actor assassinated a president? I want to clarify, I am not an actor. I lie for a living. However, it has been a while and maybe it is time." (21) Depp apologized the next day saying, "I apologize for the bad joke I attempted last night in poor taste about President Trump. It did not come out as intended, and I intended no malice. I was only trying to amuse, not to harm anyone." (22)

Sadly, the bitterness that is so prevalent in our country today does sometimes result in violent acts. Such was the case on June 14, 2017, when a gunman targeted Republican lawmakers during a baseball practice session in Alexandria, Virginia. Four individuals were wounded in this assault, including Steve Scalise, who is the majority whip for the United States House of Representatives. (23) The shooter, who was identified as James T. Hodgkinson of Belleville, Illinois, was a fervent supporter of former presidential candidate Bernie Sanders. He was shot and killed by police officers on the scene. According to media reports, Hodgkinson often posted messages on the Internet regarding his hatred for President Trump and the Republicans, even writing at one point, "It's time to destroy Trump and Co." (24)

Donald Trump is a polarizing figure to be sure, and as he is human, he is certainly prone to make mistakes. Whether you like or dislike the President, the bitterness, strife, and incivility on display in our land is appalling and shameful. I believe there are forces at work who hope to see the United States ripped to shreds because a nation in a weakened state is much easier to manipulate and control. Meanwhile, the folks who publish the Global Peace Index have lowered the ranking of the United States by eleven spaces since last year. According to their reckoning, the United States is now the 114th most peaceful nation in the world. "The U.S. deterioration is primarily driven by the growing intensity of internal conflict within the country, which was partly seen in the divisive 2016 Presidential election, as well as increases in the perceptions of criminality across American society," the latest edition of the index report said. (25)

The Leading Edge Of A Technology Tsunami

As I study the news and read of the advancements of technology, it can be a struggle to keep up with all that is happening. I cannot help but marvel at how quickly technology is developing and how rapidly our world is changing. With the advent of the Internet, more and more people today are connected to a global system that is certainly advantageous in some ways, while frightening and invasive in others. According to a report issued by Pew Research Center in September 2016, only 13 percent of Americans today do not use the Internet. The majority of those who still live in an offline world are senior citizens aged 65 years or older. Conversely, only 1 percent of Americans aged 18 to 29 do not use the Internet. (26) Amongst this group of young people, Pew reports that 36 percent report being online "almost constantly," while 50 percent of them go online multiple times each day. (27) Even as more Americans connect to the Internet on a daily basis, traditional forms of media are dying out. In June 2017, it was reported that the circulation of daily newspapers in the United States has fallen to its lowest rate in 77 years. (28)

The Internet has also dramatically changed the shopping habits of Americans. Whereas most purchases were once made in brick and mortar retail locations, more shoppers today are opting to conduct their purchases online. As a result, a multitude of retailers today are facing extinction. In April 2017 Business Insider reported that more than 3,200 stores are closing throughout the United States. This figure includes 552 RadioShack electronics stores, 400 Payless shoe stores, 240 Family Christian bookstores, 138 J.C. Penney department stores, 108 Kmart mass merchandiser stores, 70 Staples office supply stores, and 70 CVS drugstores. (29)

Even as retail stores continue to shutter and shopping malls become abandoned, the online store known as is thriving. In fact, this online entity that started as a book store in 1995 has grown to such an extent that 52 percent of all books in the United States, whether in paper or electronic form, are sold by Amazon, and a full 43 percent of all e-commerce transactions are facilitated through the company. (30) The online behemoth has continued to grow over the years, and in recent days the company has sought expansion beyond the confines of the online world. In June 2017 it was announced that Amazon had purchased the grocery store chain known as Whole Foods for 13.7 billion dollars. This development has raised fears that Amazon will eliminate many employment positions at Whole Foods, opting instead to use robots and automation to cut operational costs. "Amazon's brutal vision for retail is one where automation replaces good jobs. Sadly, the hard-working men and women who work at Whole Foods now face an uncertain future," said Marc Perrone, who is president of the United Food and Commercial Workers International Union. (31) While Amazon has not announced any plans to cut jobs at Whole Foods, it is interesting to note that the company announced plans in 2016 to open a futuristic grocery store known as Amazon Go. This store, which recently opened in Seattle, Washington, is entirely cashless. To shop, customers must use a smartphone equipped with a special program. As you enter this store, you scan your phone, and as you shop, the store automatically tracks what you put in your shopping cart or if you put something back. When your shopping is completed, you simply walk out the door, with no need to check out with a cashier. The purchases are automatically billed to your Amazon account. (32) It is not far-fetched to think that Amazon may have similar plans for their Whole Foods stores.

While Amazon makes plans to launch their automated grocery stores, Sam's Club locations in the United States already allow customers to use a similar automated process. The retailer now offers a downloadable program for smartphones called "Scan and Go." As customers browse the store, they can simply scan the barcodes on products with their smartphone, and when they are ready to check out they use the phone to pay for the purchases as well. (33)

Additionally, the iconic fast food chain known as McDonald's has announced plans to replace cashiers at 2,500 locations with automated ordering kiosks. Since the announcement, McDonald's has attempted to assuage fears that the rollout of automated kiosks will result in a loss of employment for the company's current workers. "Our CEO, Steve Easterbrook, has said on many occasions that self-order kiosks in McDonald's restaurants are not a labor replacement. They provide an opportunity to transition back-of-the-house positions to more customer service rules such as concierges and table service where they truly engage with guests and enhance the dining experience," said a spokeswoman for McDonald's. (34) I cannot help but be skeptical of McDonald's claim that these kiosks will not result in a loss of jobs. Do they really believe that McDonald's customers want table service? It is far more likely that McDonald's is making this change to counter the rise in minimum wage in various areas around the country. For example, the minimum wage in San Francisco, California, has been increased to fifteen dollars an hour. Following this increase, sixty restaurants have closed in San Francisco since September 2016. (35)

It is logical that automation will result in a massive loss of jobs. "If it is doing the same thing over and over again, and it doesn't require analysis, it's going to be automated. We're on the leading edge of a technology tsunami," stated Professor Ed Hess of the Darden Graduate School of Business at the University of Virginia. He further went on to say, "The question is, is this automation going to produce enough new jobs that technology itself can't do?" (36)

Another casualty of mankind's technological advancements could soon be paper money. I have noticed on numerous occasions that cashiers at grocery stores in this area are often startled when I pay with cash. On one occasion a cashier at our Piggly Wiggly store assumed I would be paying with a credit or debit card and curtly informed me that my payment "didn't go through." It was at this point that I handed her the cash that I had been holding in my hand to which she reacted with a noticeable surprise. Reactions like these are an indicator that the United States may soon go the way of nations such as Sweden where cash is seldom used. Here let it be noted that about 2,000 people in Sweden have already received a microchip implant in their hands. According to a report by The Independent, the state-owned Swedish rail company known as SJ is now allowing passengers to pay their fares with these embedded microchips. Speaking of this development, a spokesperson for SJ was quoted as saying, "As north Europe's largest train operator and one of the top 10 digital companies in Sweden, we are at the forefront of digital developments. This is an interesting project that gives us ideas of how to enhance the digital customer experience even further." In another remark, the spokesperson said regarding the microchip, "It's just a matter of days before everyone has it." (37)

The Battle For Life Is Raging

Abortion is the most heinous of all sins committed in the United States, and it happens every day. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, for every 1,000 live births in the year 2013, 200 babies were slaughtered using this barbaric practice. (38) Although abortion rates have been falling in some areas, there are still many determined Democrats and liberals who vow to continue fighting for their "right" to murder babies. In June 2017 the governor of the state of Delaware, John Carney, signed a bill that allows women in his state to abort babies in the womb at up to nine months of gestation, removing all restrictions. (39) This is truly disheartening, but thankfully there are efforts being made elsewhere to stem the tide of innocent blood.

On June 22, 2017, the liberal news outlet known as the Huffington Post published a panicked headline which declares, "Republicans Might Actually Defund Planned Parenthood This Time." (40) The article is referring to the new Senate healthcare bill, which if passed, would prevent Medicaid patients from accessing Planned Parenthood's services for one year. (41) While this is a step in the right direction, the defunding of Planned Parenthood should be permanent. Nevertheless, when news broke of this possibility, Planned Parenthood president Cecile Richards threw a fit. "It's as bad as we thought. The text of the Senate bill was just released, and now there's no denying the truth: This bill would devastate Planned Parenthood patients and leave millions of Americans without access to care." (42) Of course, what Richards really means by "access to care" is access to abortion, because that is the so-called service that they primarily perform. Planned Parenthood murdered 328,348 babies in 2015. (43)

Remarkably, the United States opposed a recent United Nations resolution that called for greater access to "safe abortions" under the guise of preventing violence against women. After hearing the resolution presented by Canada, United States First Secretary to the United Nations Jason Mack told the Council, which was assembled in Geneva, Switzerland, "We do not recognize abortion as a method of family planning, nor do we support abortion in our reproductive health assistance." (44) It is my hope and prayer that efforts to stop abortion in the United States will be successful.

In closing, I urge every reader of this newsletter to continue to watch and pray as we see the condition of this world deteriorate. The mess is not pretty. However, we have the promise of our Lord and Saviour, Jesus Christ, who tells us in Matthew 28:20, "Lo, I am with you alway, even unto the end of the world." Jesus also promises us in John 14:18, "I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you." No matter what happens, God is always with His people!

Thank you all for your kind support of this newsletter. We could not do what we do without your help. Please keep us in prayer as we endeavor to continue this ministry during these challenging days. As always, our team of intercessors is ready and willing to pray for you or any prayer requests you may have. Please do not hesitate to send them our way. Each request is always given individual attention. Grace and peace be unto you in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Samuel David Meyer


01. USA Today, June 21, 2017, By William Cummings,
02. Ibid.
03. Ibid.
04. Ibid.
05. Ibid.
06. The Washington Post, June 21, 2017, By Rachel Siegel,
07. NBC News, June 20, 2017, By Mary Emily O'Hara,
08. National Review, June 7, 2017, By Ben Shapiro,
09. Ibid.
10. The College Fix, November 2, 2017, By William Nardi,
11. Ibid.
12. Life Site News, June 20, 2017, By Claire Chretien,
13. CBS News, June 19, 2017, By CBS News,
14. The Washington Post, March 15, 2017, By Elahe Izadi,
15. Reuters News Service, September 11, 2007, By Reuters News Service,
16. Bravo TV,
17. National Public Radio, May 31, 2017, By Miles Parks,
18. Ibid.
19. Ibid.
20. Time Magazine, June 2, 2017, By Melissa Chan,
21. The Guardian, June 23, 2017, By Press Association,
22. Fox News, June 23, 2017, By Fox News,
23. The New York Times, June 14, 2017, By Michael D. Shear, Adam Goldman, and Emily Cochrane,
24. Ibid.
25. The Washington Times, June 1, 2017, By Jennifer Harper,
26. Pew Research Center, September 7, 2016, By Monica Anderson,
27. Pew Research Center, December 8, 2015, By Andrew Perrin,
28. Newsmax, June 1, 2017, By Cathy Burke,
29. Business Insider, April 17, 2017, By Hayley Peterson,
30. USA Today, June 26, 2017, By Elizabeth Weise,
31. The Washington Post, June 16, 2017, By Danielle Paquette,
32. Business Insider, June 16, 2017, By Kif Leswing,
33. Chicago Tribune, December 12, 2016, By Lauren Zumbach,
34. CNBC, June 22, 2017, By Tae Kim,
35. The Fresno Bee, June 13, 2017, By Jeremy Bagott,
36. New York Post, April 30, 2017, By Ed Zwirn,
37. The Independent, June 16, 2017, By Helen Coffey,
38. Centers For Disease Control and Prevention,
39. The Christian Post, June 20, 2017, By Jay Gotera,
40. The Huffington Post, June 22, 2017, By Laura Bassett,
41. Ibid.
42. Life Site News, June 22, 2017, By Steven Ertelt,
43. Ibid.
44. Reuters News Service, June 22, 2017, By Stephanie Nebehay, Geneva, Switzerland,

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So viel Schutz erhalten selbst Bundesminister selten: Seyran Ates, Gründerin der Berliner Ibn-Rushd-Goethe-Moschee, wird vom LKA rund um die Uhr bewacht. Erdogan forderte die Schließung des Hauses.
          El mayor problema que tiene hoy Catalunya del cual no se habla: la crisis social

El mayor problema que tiene hoy Catalunya del cual no se habla: la crisis social Kaos en la red

Este artículo toca un tema central, la enorme crisis social de Catalunya, que queda ocultada detrás del debate territorial y nacional.
Por Vicenç Navarro
Este artículo toca un tema central, la enorme crisis social de Catalunya, que queda ocultada detrás del debate territorial y nacional. El artículo muestra datos más que convincentes que señalan que la crisis mayor que existe hoy en Catalunya es la crisis social, que queda ocultada, cuando no silenciada, por las tensiones entre los dos nacionalismos, el españolista por un lado, y el catalanista por el otro, que utilizan el tema nacional para ocultar el tema social. El artículo señala la necesidad de centrarse en la resolución del tema social, invitando a que todas las fuerzas progresistas exijan su resolucion dentro de un nuevo marco territorial que defienda la plurinacionalidad del Estado español. El artículo termina indicando que las derechas nacionalistas a los dos lados del Ebro están siendo los mayores obstáculos para resolver el problema social y el nacional.
El mayor problema que existe hoy en Catalunya es la enorme crisis social que afecta muy negativamente la calidad de vida y bienestar de sus clases populares. Tal crisis social raramente aparece en los mayores medios de comunicación en Catalunya, tanto en los públicos –instrumentalizados en su mayoría por el gobierno de la Generalitat de Catalunya- como en los privados, claramente influenciados por poderes económicos y financieros que definen los parámetros de lo que es aceptable en el panorama mediático catalán.
Ahora bien, esta enorme crisis social no abarca a todos los sectores de la población por igual. Está centrada primordialmente en las clases populares catalanas, las cuales derivan sus rentas fundamentalmente del mundo del Trabajo. Pero lo que es menos conocido y apenas tiene visibilidad mediática es que al sector minoritario de la población que deriva sus rentas primordialmente de la propiedad y/o de la gestión del capital (propiedad que genera renta) le ha ido muy bien. Los datos hablan por sí mismos. Entre 2008 y 2016 (el periodo de la Gran Recesión), las rentas del Trabajo como porcentaje de todas las rentas en Catalunya bajaron del 50% al 46%, mientras que las rentas del capital subieron durante el mismo periodo del 42% al 45%. En otras palabras, mientras que las clases populares vieron como sus rentas disminuían, los super-ricos, los ricos y las personas pudientes con elevados recursos las vieron aumentar.
Como consecuencia de ello, las desigualdades de renta en Catalunya se dispararon de manera que el 20% de la población con más ingresos (super-ricos, ricos y clases medias profesionales de renta alta), que tenía al principio de la crisis un nivel de ingresos promedio cinco veces superior al del 20% de renta inferior, vio como dicha diferencia se ampliaba hasta ser seis veces superior en 2016, convirtiendo a Catalunya en uno de los países más desiguales de la UE-15 (el grupo de quince países de la UE de semejante nivel de desarrollo económico al de España). En realidad, 20 super-ricos en Catalunya tienen en total una riqueza de 22.400 millones de euros, cantidad casi equivalente al 11% del PIB catalán. El patrimonio del catalán más rico es equivalente a la renta anual de 150.0000 familias medias catalanas. Estos son datos que, junto con otros, muestran que durante la mayor crisis social que Catalunya ha vivido durante la época democrática, los catalanes más pudientes no solo no han visto disminuir sus rentas y su propiedad, sino que, al contrario, las han visto subir considerablemente.
Las causas del crecimiento de las desigualdades en Catalunya
Un elemento importante para entender este crecimiento de las desigualdades ha sido el gran deterioro del mercado de trabajo catalán. En 2016 el 53% de las personas desocupadas llevaban buscando trabajo durante un año o más, siendo Catalunya uno de los países de la UE-15 que tiene el porcentaje mayor de este tipo de desocupados. Tal porcentaje era solo del 16% en 2008, habiéndose añadido a este grupo de desocupados, durante el periodo 2008-2016, 259.700 personas que están desesperadas por encontrar trabajo. Y para hacer más agudo el dolor, el 71% de las personas en paro no reciben ninguna prestación o subsidio en concepto de paro. La gran mayoría de ellos son trabajadores que habían ocupado puestos de trabajo de salarios bajos.
Esta situación es particularmente aguda entre las personas jóvenes, siendo Catalunya el país con mayor desempleo juvenil de la UE-15 junto con el resto de España, Grecia e Italia. Este elevado desempleo se ha producido junto con otros indicadores de deterioro del mercado de trabajo, como es el elevado nivel de precariedad, de nuevo, uno de los más altos de la UE-15. Y de particular importancia ha sido el descenso salarial, que ha sido muy marcado entre los trabajadores con salarios bajos. Si en 2008 el 10% de la fuerza laboral percibía salarios por debajo de los 9.221 euros brutos anuales, en 2016 este 10% percibía salarios por debajo de los 7.841 euros brutos anuales (un descenso del 15% de su salario).
Los recortes del gasto público social en Catalunya
Este enorme deterioro del mercado laboral afectó muy negativamente la calidad de vida de la clase trabajadora, que junto con amplios sectores de las clases medias constituyen la gran mayoría de las clases populares catalanas. Sus dificultades fueron incluso más acentuadas debido a los recortes de las transferencias y servicios públicos del Estado del Bienestar catalán realizados por el gobierno de la Generalitat de Catalunya bajo el mandato de una coalición de un partido liberal (CDC, hoy conocido como PDeCAT) y otro cristianodemócrata (UDC), y más tarde (tras la desaparición de los cristianodemócratas) con un partido independentista de centroizquierda, ERC.
Estos recortes del gasto público social (en las transferencias y servicios públicos de la Generalitat, que han estado subfinanciados durante la mayor parte del periodo democrático, y bajo el gobierno de la coalición CDC-UDC) fueron muy sustanciales durante el periodo 2010-2015, en el que Catalunya continuó siendo gobernada por dicha coalición. Durante tal periodo ocurrieron varios hechos: 1) el gasto público social de la Generalitat se redujo en 3.456 millones de euros, lo que significó una reducción de un 17%, pasando de gastarse 19.881 millones en 2010 a 16.424 en 2015; 2) el gasto público educativo se redujo un 17%, pasando de 6.310 millones a 5.234 millones en 2015; 3) el gasto sanitario público del gobierno de la Generalitat se redujo un 14%, pasando de 9.903 millones de euros a 8.464 millones de euros. Además de estos recortes, hubo una privatización masiva de la gestión de los servicios públicos así como una externalización de tales servicios al sector privado; 4) el gasto público en vivienda y otras actuaciones urbanas de la Generalitat se redujo un 60% pasando de ser 723 millones a 289 millones; 5) el gasto de protección social del gobierno de la Generalitat se redujo un 14%, pasando de 2.110 millones a 1.823 millones; 6) el gasto en promoción social del gobierno de la Generalitat se redujo un 39%, pasando de 100 millones a 61 millones; 7) el gasto de fomento de la ocupación se redujo un 25%, pasando de 732 millones a 551 millones.
Todos estos datos, sacados de los presupuestos de la Generalitat de Catalunya, muestran, como ya hemos indicado antes, un descenso en la financiación de los servicios fundamentales del Estado del Bienestar del 17%. Tales recortes han sido de los más acentuados en España y en la UE-15. Estas medidas se justificaron, según la ideología liberal dominante en tal coalición de gobierno, argumentando que todas ellas eran necesarias para “recuperar la economía”, subrayando –como indicó el entonces presidente Mas- que “la austeridad nos hará fuertes”.
El aumento de la pobreza y de la exclusión social en Catalunya
La reducción salarial, el aumento de la precariedad, el aumento del desempleo y la reducción de las transferencias y servicios públicos del Estado del Bienestar tuvieron un impacto devastador en el bienestar de las clases populares. Y uno de ellos es el elevadísimo nivel de pobreza y exclusión social. Los datos hablan por sí mismos: 1) la renta media neta de los hogares catalanes descendió un 5,2% entre 2009 y 2016 (pasando de 33.064 euros a 31.339 euros); 2) en 2016 el 40% de los hogares de un adulto con uno o más hijos estaban en riesgo de pobreza. Durante este periodo de la Gran Recesión, dicho porcentaje ha subido un 22%; 3) la población total en hogares sin ningún tipo de ingreso subió un 52%, pasando de 112.100 a 176.200 personas (2008-2017); 4) el porcentaje de personas en riesgo de pobreza o exclusión social en el periodo 2008-2015 pasó de un 15% de la población total a un 20%, un incremento del 27%; y 5) la población en situación de privación material severa (un 5,5% de la población) aumentó un 250%. Estos datos muestran la enorme crisis social que existe en Catalunya, la mayor durante el periodo democrático.
El tema nacional en Catalunya (y en España) oculta el tema social en Catalunya (y en España)
A pesar de su gran importancia, la crisis social en Catalunya no ocupa la centralidad mediática. En Catalunya, como en el resto de España (cuya crisis social tiene muchos elementos comunes con lo que ocurre en Catalunya, como he documentado en el artículo reciente “El nuevo régimen social de España”, Público, 21.06.17), la centralidad mediática no la tiene el tema social, sino el tema nacional, que acapara la mayor atención de los principales medios de información a los dos lados del Ebro. Tales medios enfatizan constantemente el supuesto “choque de trenes” entre el nacionalismo españolista, liderado por el gobierno del Partido Popular (un partido de sensibilidad conservadora liberal) presidido por el Sr. Rajoy, y el nacionalismo catalanista secesionista, liderado por el PDeCAT (también un partido de sensibilidad conservadora liberal) y su presidente, el Sr. Puigdemont (que gobierna en coalición con ERC). Estos dos últimos partidos son independentistas que centran su atención en el tema nacional. En su argumentario, la enorme crisis social aparece solo indirectamente, al atribuirla a la pertenencia de Catalunya al Estado español. Constantemente se indica que la secesión de Catalunya de España y su independencia permitirán eliminar dicha crisis social. El argumento que responsabiliza al Estado español de la crisis social de Catalunya tiene parte de razón, pues la enorme crisis social de Catalunya es muy parecida (aun cuando en bastantes indicadores es incluso peor) a la existente en el resto de España. De ahí que se asuma, por parte de estos partidos y por la mayoría del movimiento independentista, que tal crisis social en Catalunya ha sido impuesta a la población catalana por las políticas públicas aprobadas por el Estado español. Esta externalización de responsabilidades, atribuyendo la crisis social única y exclusivamente al Estado español, es, sin embargo, insuficiente.
La responsabilidad de la crisis social hay que buscarla también en Catalunya, pues el primer argumento oculta que la gran mayoría de leyes de sensibilidad liberal (en realidad neoliberal, como las reformas laborales del gobierno Zapatero y del gobierno Rajoy, las reformas fiscales regresivas y los recortes del gasto público social, entre otros acuerdos sociales y laborales) que han tenido un impacto muy negativo generando la crisis y dañando enormemente el bienestar de las clases populares catalanas, han sido aprobadas en las Cortes Españolas (o en el Parlament catalán) por partidos catalanes, y muy especialmente por Convergència (hoy PDeCAT), que ha liderado el gobierno de la Generalitat durante la gran mayoría del periodo democrático en una coalición con otro partido conservador, el partido democratacristiano UDC. Tales partidos comparten gran responsabilidad, tanto en la subfinanciación del Estado del Bienestar catalán como en la imposición de políticas neoliberales que causaron la crisis social. Tales partidos han apoyado sistemáticamente (tanto en las Cortes Españolas como en el Parlament catalán) políticas públicas que causaron la subfinanciación y la crisis del Estado del Bienestar catalán. La evidencia de ello es abrumadora, aunque el lector raramente lo leerá, verá u oirá en los grandes medios de comunicación catalanes.
Las limitaciones y exageraciones del argumento de que la independencia determinaría la eliminación de la crisis social
La futura Catalunya, en caso de alcanzarse la independencia, dependería mucho de las fuerzas políticas que lideraran el proceso de transición de la Catalunya actual a la futura. La transición española de una dictadura a una democracia mostró claramente que las fuerzas que controlaban la transición (las derechas, que a su vez controlaban el aparato del Estado) tuvieron una influencia determinante en la configuración del sistema democrático (conocido por sus enormes limitaciones) y de su Estado del Bienestar (escasamente financiado). Y un tanto igual ocurriría en la transición a la futura Catalunya. Esta es precisamente una de las causas del escepticismo o incredulidad que grandes sectores de las clases populares (y muy en particular las que viven en zonas urbanas) tienen hacia el argumento de que la independencia resolvería la gran crisis social. La clase trabajadora catalana no es independentista y este es el mayor punto flaco del independentismo. Es precisamente en barrios obreros (en los que la crisis social es más acentuada) donde el apoyo al independentismo es menor. El liderazgo del movimiento independentista por parte del mismo gobierno que ha sido responsable de las políticas neoliberales causantes de las crisis genera esta duda y escepticismo hacia la bondad del independentismo, dirigido, institucionalmente, por un gobierno de coalición liderado por tal partido conservador y liberal. Ello no quiere decir que el movimiento independentista en sí no sea un movimiento auténticamente popular que canaliza, en parte, la protesta por la situación social. Pero la escasa pluralidad en su dirección debilita su representatividad y, sobre todo, la movilización entre grandes sectores de las clases populares.
La necesaria transformación de Catalunya (y de España)
La única alternativa para conseguir el apoyo de la mayoría de las clases populares al desarrollo del derecho a decidir (el soberanismo) es que haya una alianza de fuerzas políticas con un claro compromiso hacia la resolución de la crisis social tanto en Catalunya como en España. El soberanismo no es el independentismo. La secesión es una alternativa ofrecida a la población en su derecho a decidir. Hoy, según las encuestas, la gran mayoría de la población desea ejercer este derecho a decidir, pero la mayoría no es secesionista.
El proyecto soberanista en Catalunya necesita establecer una alianza con fuerzas progresistas en España que luchan para conseguir resolver el problema social y el problema nacional de España (consecuencia, este último, de su negativa a reconocer su plurinacionalidad). El obstáculo mayor hoy para resolver el tema social en España (y en Catalunya) es la alianza de las fuerzas conservadoras y neoliberales nacionalistas españolistas (que gobiernan España), y de los conservadores y liberales (ahora convertidos al independentismo) que lideran el gobierno catalán, en su defensa del modelo neoliberal y de las políticas neoliberales. Su dominio y hegemonía en los aparatos del Estado, tanto en España como en Catalunya, representa el principal reto a superar. La abstención de PDeCAT en la moción de censura en contra del gobierno Rajoy ejemplifica esta alianza, mostrada múltiples veces en las Cortes Españolas. De ahí que se requiera una alianza entre los que desean un cambio profundo (social y nacional) en ambos lados del Ebro. Quedó bien expresado en el discurso de presentación de ERC (a cargo del Sr. Joan Tardà) en la misma sesión, cuando expresó su hermandad con las fuerzas políticas, Unidos Podemos y sus aliados, En Comú Podem y En Marea, en su lucha para transformar España, terminando su discurso con el saludo ¡Viva la República Española!, a lo cual las nuevas izquierdas procedentes de distintas partes de España respondieron con un fuerte aplauso. Ahí estaban las bases de una nueva Catalunya y de una nueva España.
Pero esta visión del Sr. Tardà no es la hegemónica en grandes sectores del independentismo catalán, que considera que España es el problema y ve a Unidos Podemos y sus aliados como uno de sus mayores adversarios, pues representan la cara amable de España, que no desean reconocer, pues les interesa más la cara antipática que puede movilizar a sus bases. Ahí está otro de los problemas.
¿Qué debería hacerse para resolver el mayor problema que tienen las clases populares en Catalunya?
La respuesta es fácil de ver. Poner el tema social en el centro del debate, denunciando la incoherencia del PDeCAT al presentarse como el gran defensor de Catalunya, a la vez que apoya medidas económicas y sociales que dañan a las clases populares en Catalunya. Este tema debería ir acompañado con la defensa del derecho a decidir (que estuvo siempre en el ADN de las izquierdas catalanas), denunciando la instrumentalización del famoso proceso constituyente por parte del PDeCAT y Junts Pel Sí, que con su comportamiento antidemocrático están evitando que se alcance la plena realización de tal derecho. Ni que decir tiene que el Estado central, con su comportamiento represivo, está, además de incrementando el independentismo, facilitando tal instrumentalización. Con ello se está ayudando a que las mismas fuerzas que han gobernado siempre Catalunya (y que son responsables de su gran subdesarrollo social), continúen configurando el futuro, empeorando incluso más la situación social. La resolución del problema social y nacional en Catalunya será de difícil realización sin un cambio en España y sin un liderazgo en el movimiento constituyente catalán que ponga la resolución del tema social en el centro de su estrategia, movilizando con ello a las clases populares catalanas, ejerciendo su derecho a decidir en condiciones auténticamente democráticas.

          Controversial New NRA Recruitment Video Asks Americans To Join To Eliminate Liberal Enemies   

The NRA release new recruitment video telling Americans to defeat enemy liberals.

The NRA have just released a controversial new video in which Americans are asked by conservative radio host Dana Loesch to join the National Rifle Association so that they can help to defeat and eliminate the real enemies of the country – liberals. In the new NRA video there is no rhetoric about making sure that the American citizen’s right to bear arms is upheld.

In fact, the Second Amendment of the US Constitution isn’t brought up at all. Instead, Americans are told that the biggest threat to the country and those that pose the most danger are liberals, and for this reason Americans need to join the NRA as quickly as they possibly can.

Click here to continue and

          #ThursdayThoughts: Why did the White House contact a fringe alt-right LGBTQ group during Pride Month?   



Co-Founder of Deplorable Pride: “I was told: ‘The president is going to want to see this.’”

NEW YORK – GLAAD, the world’s largest LGBTQ media advocacy organization, today voiced concern over the report by the North Carolina-based newspaper The News & Observer that the White House Office of Political Affairs proactively contacted conservative LGBTQ organization Deplorable Pride, which was previously banned from participating in Charlotte’s LGBTQ Pride Parade. The group is led by Brian Talbert, who has used or promoted inflammatory language against Muslims, women, and even the LGBTQ community itself.

The White House has chosen to stay silent and refuse to recognize LGBTQ Pride Month. By instead contacting Deplorable Pride, the Office of Political Affairs has further shown how completely tone deaf this administration is to the inclusive umbrella of the LGBTQ community.

The News & Observer report caps off what has been (so far) complete silence by the White House in recognizing June as National LGBTQ Pride Month. The White House has, however, issued proclamations on “Great Outdoors Month,” “National Ocean Month,” and “National Homeownership Month.” Further, President Trump’s silence highlights his administration’s agenda of systematically erasing LGBTQ Americans from the fabric of this nation. Whether it’s filling his administration with long-time anti-LGBTQ activists or erasing LGBTQ Americans from government websites, federal surveys, and even the upcoming 2020 U.S. Census, the Trump Administration has proven itself to be anything but an ally to the LGBTQ community.

GLAAD urges media to question The White House on the about why they chose to contact Deplorable Pride and have remained completely silent on LGBTQ Pride Month.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION: Brian Talbert, Co-Founder of Deplorable Pride

  • Used derogatory anti-LGBTQ terms to attack people; including “f*ggot.”
  • Threatened to kill “every single” Muslim in a Facebook post.

  • Called Muslims “camel f*ckers” while voicing support of President Trump’s ban on Muslims.
  • Admitted that he doesn’t support Pride Month and said LGBTQ People should be ashamed of themselves.
  • Called Liberal LGBTQ people “some of the most vile and disgusting people on earth.”
  • Argued that a new version of the rainbow flag created to address LGBTQ people of color was racist for not having a white stripe.
  • Expressed extreme views towards people who are pro-choice.



June 29, 2017

          Appalachian Wrestling's Greatest Villain: 'The Progressive Liberal' When Daniel Harnsberger leaves his home on the East Coast and drives into Appalachia, he usually packs a T-shirt covered in Hillary Clinton faces and spandex wrestling briefs that say "Progressive Liberal." That's his wrestling persona — and his costume. And most weekends, Harnsberger dons it to work in semipro regional circuits as a stereotypical coastal elite who trolls in Donald Trump country. (He sometimes also wears a shirt that says "Not My President.") He's wrestled for years — until recently, without the left-leaning political tilt — in conservative corners of Kentucky, Virginia and West Virginia. It's a grind. These are small gigs, often in high school gyms or on county fairgrounds. On these regional circuits, wrestlers often schedule a match at a time. "I was wrestling for $5 and a hot dog and a soda," Harnsberger tells NPR's Steve Inskeep. "There were times I didn't get paid at all." But two years ago — just after Donald Trump
          A stellar choice for the Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity   
(Paul Mirengoff) President Trump has appointed our friend Hans von Spakovsky to the Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity. As with Eric Dreiband, Trump’s excellent pick to head the DOJ’s Civil Rights Division, the liberal media is already attacking von Spakovsky. For example, this Washington Post story begins: “President Trump on Thursday appointed a divisive conservative voting rights expert to spearhead the White House’s search into allegations of widespread fraud in the
          Comment on The “Crime of the Century” is Bad Journalism by Larry Sparks   
The crime of the journalistic century is dishonest journalism by liberals.
          Emmanuel Macron is Elected President of France   
Emmanuel Macron will keep France in the European Union, and is likely to keep the country's liberals happy as well.
          Comment on Why Modern Architecture sucks by Larchmonter445   
Watson is the most effective voice on YouTube. The Cult of Liberalism that has taken control of the West's "governance" is a Tyranny. UK, US, EU all subsets of Globalist Liberalism are tyrannies. With the Tyranny are all aspects of Cult manifestation, a complete devastation of prior culture, art, psychological harmonies and knowledge. The Cult must debase all. No different than the ISIS freakoids breaking up ancient archeological and religious sites. They rampage through academia, Constitutional order, sovereign borders—whatever is foundational and normal. Inherent to modern deconstruction of social norms is the godless separation from Nature and Human Values. They particularly hate individuals of accomplishment, families, small congregations and communities, cohesiveness and conviviality. They must have namelessness, separateness, soullessness. They use techniques all Cults use that produce Stockholm syndrome clinging to the Cult as the only balm from the despair they create. Authority of the Elites in the Cult (Government especially) is idolized and protected as if a Queen in a Hive were under attack. All drone bees cluster in defense, regardless of the danger. We saw this with Obama (the ultimate Queen Bee). We see it everywhere with the EU being protected, NATO being protected, every construct to be worshipped with no option for all or any to challenge or criticize or compete. You will be destroyed! Israel, the concept, is unassailable. America the Exceptional, is unassailable. EU, the marvel, is unassailable. Globalism. Liberalism. Multiculturalism. Bezos. FaceBook. Zuckerberg. Google. All unassailable. The Pentagon. 17 Intelligence Agencies. Zionism. Khazaria. Unassailable. Consistent Conservatism. Saint Mike Pence. Unassailable. Billionaires. Millionaires. Unassailable. All objects of Cult Behaviorism. Then along comes a singular mind like Paul Joseph Watson and he busts the Cult with his four minute rants, and the free minds of the world shout in joy as the Truth destroys the Hive, piece by piece. Great for you to post this video, Saker. Thought provoking and deserving of an honor in the Vineyard. Think Free and Live Free. A perfect opening statement for July 4th weekend. Fireworks for the brain and soul of all humans outside the Cult.
          Comment on Fear and loathing on the Afghan Silk Road by Jonathan David   
Hi Larchmonter, I admit the usage of the term "Imperialism" is a bit thorny. However, neoliberal globalist Capitalism is often regarded as itself Imperialist. Military force simply being the other side of the coin, as per the old saw "when goods don't cross borders, soldiers will". A benign sounding sentiment except when others do not wish to trade. But purely from the standpoint of military intervention, I've read from your posts that you seem quite critical of China's reluctance to use military force in Syria. Why do feel that is justified? Does not the act of opposing Imperialism at some point become Imperialist itself? We shall see if China's strategy to require trade partners to provide security through their own territories is a viable strategy or not. Whether this is successful or evolves into something else, time will tell.
          Roku is the Answer to Media Bias   

Since AIM founder Reed Irvine hired me out of college in 1978, amazing changes have taken place in the media landscape. Reed’s penetrating analysis of liberal media bias encouraged the search for alternatives.

The post Roku is the Answer to Media Bias appeared first on

          Liberals, RINOs Move to Remove Trump’s Presidential Authority to Wage War Against Terrorism   

You may not actually know U.S. Misrepresentati…

The post Liberals, RINOs Move to Remove Trump’s Presidential Authority to Wage War Against Terrorism appeared first on Truth And Action.

          Trump Supporters Stage Sit-in at SC Starbucks   

A group of Republicans gave liberals a mastercl…

The post Trump Supporters Stage Sit-in at SC Starbucks appeared first on Truth And Action.

          Liberals Accuse Eric Trump of Fascist Beliefs Based on His Haircut   

The signs are there that the left is getting desp…

The post Liberals Accuse Eric Trump of Fascist Beliefs Based on His Haircut appeared first on Truth And Action.

          7/1/2017: YOUR TV WEEK: Thrilled by the new Cilla   
Paul O’Grady (pictured) is brilliant as the new host of Blind Date. His style is more risqué than Cilla Black’s, but we’re more liberal than we were when the original show ended 14 years ago. Although the set is as cheap and wobbly as that of an early...
          Crise afetará neoliberalismo   

quinta-feira, 2 de outubro de 2008, 07:33 | Online

Crise afetará neoliberalismo, dizem analistas

Intervenção dos EUA na economia mostra que ação do Estado é importante para o funcionamento do sistema

Giuliana Vallone, do

SÃO PAULO - A conseqüência da intervenção do governo norte-americano na economia do país para os fundamentos do neoliberalismo econômico, segundo os quais o mercado financeiro deve se auto-regular e a intervenção do Estado na economia é mínima, divide a opinião de economistas e políticos do País. Enquanto alguns, como o senador Aloizio Mercadante (PT), defendem que a teoria de auto-regulação naufragou com a atual crise financeira, outros, como o economista Luiz Carlos Mendonça de Barros, ex-presidente do BNDES, afirmam que os problemas no mercado de crédito mostram apenas que o liberalismo econômico tem limites, e que a participação dos governos ainda é um instrumento importante no funcionamento do sistema mundial. O ponto comum na avaliação deles, porém, é que as teorias adotadas hoje não passarão ilesas pela crise.

"O que precisamos é um entendimento correto sobre os limites do liberalismo", afirmou Mendonça de Barros. Para ele, o que está derrotada é uma visão errada do equilíbrio entre a ação de governos e a liberdade dos mercados. "A frase cunhada pelo ex-presidente Reagan - o governo é o problema e não a solução - é que precisa ser enterrada definitivamente", explicou.

Segundo Barros, a teoria econômica não precisa ser mudada, já que a crise "foi motivada integralmente por um delírio especulativo com produtos financeiros". O que seria necessário é buscar um equilíbrio entre restrições legais e auto-regulação, especialmente nos mercados organizados como bolsa de valores e de derivativos financeiros. Ele ressalta, porém, que as regras estabelecidas precisam evoluir com os novos produtos financeiros, para evitar o surgimento de espaços não regulados.

O senador Aloizio Mercadante, por outro lado, acredita que as mudanças são mais profundas que isso. Para ele, "a visão que o Consenso de Washington (conjunto de medidas que previa uma maior liberalização da economia da América Latina, formulado em 1989 por economistas de instituições como FMI, Banco Mundial e Departamento do Tesouro dos EUA) apresentou como pensamento único naufragou nessa crise". "Isso mostra que o pensamento de (John Maynard) Keynes, o papel do Estado como regulador da atividade seguramente terá que retornar", concluiu.

As teorias de Keynes, formuladas em meio à Grande Depressão de 1929, previam o equilíbrio entre o livre comércio e um generoso sistema de proteção do mercado financeiro. Para Mercadante, não haverá estabilidade financeira sem novos mecanismos de controle e regulação do sistema financeiro. Além disso, ele afirma que essa intervenção será exigida pelo povo norte-americano. "Os contribuintes americanos jamais vão aceitar essa socialização das perdas (das instituições financeiras) sem a segurança de que situações como essa não se repetirão com essa gravidade", explicou.

"E as crises sempre ajudam na formulação de teorias econômicas, tanto no sentido da prevenção em relação a crises futuras, quanto de alternativas para superar os impasses que elas patrocinam. Então nós teremos um avanço da teoria", continuou.


Para o ex-secretário de política econômica do Ministério da Fazenda, Luiz Gonzaga Belluzzo, os problemas no crédito demonstram que mercados mal regulados podem apresentar o tipo de comportamento que culmina numa crise financeira. "Certamente essa intervenção (do governo dos EUA) se fez contrariando muitas previsões e opiniões a respeito da forma como os mercados funcionariam, se ajustariam", disse.

Ele afirmou que a turbulência vista nas últimas semanas colocam, "sem dúvida nenhuma", o ideário que provocou essa transformação nos mercados - que sofrem, hoje, uma intervenção mínima dos órgãos reguladores - em questão. "Mas o desfecho disso vai ser determinado por um debate. E a minha expectativa é que esse debate seja muito intenso nos próximos meses, já que vai haver uma pressão muito grande para que a regulamentação seja mais restrita", acrescentou.

Belluzzo explicou que a economia atual foi moldada dessa forma por uma "coalizão de interesses", que teria juntado diversas frações empresas. Esse conjunto de forças foi impulsionado, segundo ele, pelo poder político dos Estados Unidos. "A política americana teve uma importância muito grande ao impor, por exemplo, a liberalização financeira, a liberalização das contas de capital de maneira generalizada nos anos 90, e propor uma articulação produtiva, comercial e financeira que parecia funcionar muito bem", disse.

Para ele, o crescimento contínuo da economia norte-americana ajudou a firmar a impressão de que tudo ia bem e que, então, ao invés de cuidar dos riscos a que a economia estava exposta, era possível aumentar a desregulamentação do mercado. "A evolução disso foi que levou à crise", disse.

Mas, da mesma forma que o modelo atual foi implementado pela força política, afirmou Belluzzo, só ela pode mudar a maneira como funciona o sistema financeiro hoje. "É preciso saber qual é a presença política que se opõe a essa maneira de funcionamento do sistema e a força que ele terá para promover essa transformação. Porque isso não vai ser uma coisa automática. Se você não tiver um arranjo de forças sociais que seja capaz de se opor à continuidade, provavelmente, depois de um curto período, tudo vai voltar a ser como era antes", alertou.


Na hora de opinar sobre o pacote de resgate às instituições financeiras desenvolvido pelo governo norte-americano - que prevê recursos de US$ 700 bilhões para comprar ativos podres relacionados ao mercado de hipotecas -, eles são unânimes: o plano ajuda, mas não resolve a crise.

"A utilização de recursos públicos como a bala de prata que vai terminar com a crise. Será um passo importante para a redução da quase histeria que tomou conta de investidores e banqueiros e, com isto, abrir espaço para que o sistema financeiro possa voltar a cumprir sua função dentro de uma economia de mercado", disse Mendonça de Barros.

"Seguramente, os Bancos Centrais, o governo dos Estados Unidos, da União Européia, do Japão, terão que continuar monitorando, provendo liquidez e acompanhando a evolução dessa crise", completou Mercadante.

Para Belluzzo, o plano vai "simplesmente botar um piso para esse derretimento de preços". "Mas a questão central hoje é a contração do crédito", afirmou. "A questão hoje é como é que se desobstrui o crédito, como se recompõe o sistema de forma que as empresas e os consumidores possam ter acesso ao crédito e tenham disposição para gastar. O grave agora é essa paralisia, esse estancamento do crédito nas economias centrais."

Rafael Souza Lopes (1)
Eduardo Mauch Palmeira (2)


O presente texto trata da crise internacional e sua relação com o Brasil. Visto que, apesar dos mecanismos de contenção por parte dos governantes, já podemos sentir as conseqüências dessa crise se refletindo em todos os países, inclusive no Brasil. Já não podemos mais dizer que desconhecemos as causas da crise econômica e de juros aqui no Brasil. A pergunta é: como enfrentar essa crise internacional?

Palavras-chave: crise política, economia mundial, desenvolvimento, comércio exterior, Estados Unidos.

Para citar este artículo puede utilizar el siguiente formato:

Souza Lopes y Mauch Palmeira: "A crise financeira mundial: impactos sobre o Brasil" en Observatorio de la Economía Latinoamericana, Número 105, 2008. Texto completo en

A ciranda financeira dos mercados desregulados agrava a instabilidade global que ronda a economia internacional. Uma vez mais, os Estados Unidos frearam a ajuda dos países vizinhos, para impor as suas regras através do Fundo Monetário Internacional (FMI). Já no início de 2007 surgiam os primeiros sinais dessa crise aguda naquele país, o que não demorou muito a acontecer. A crise estava aí e não demorou muito para que seus efeitos fossem sentidos no mundo inteiro.

Todos sabem que o Fundo é uma agência obsoleta para os propósitos de regulação financeira internacional, que se limita a seguir a orientação do Tesouro americano. Este tenta impor as regras, mas não funciona bem como emprestador internacional de última instância. Na verdade não pode fazê-lo porque é devedor e não credor, como no após guerra. Entretanto, o maior país credor da atualidade, o Japão, aprofunda sua crise e a banca japonesa, por razões de equilíbrio patrimonial, ameaça retirar o dinheiro investido em títulos da dívida pública americana. Assim a instabilidade cambial internacional aumenta e os mercados financeiros desregulados contaminamse uns aos outros, podendo, no caso de agravar-se a crise japonesa, conduzir a uma crise global.

Outros sintomas da crise internacional começam a aparecer. Previsões recentes reduzem pela metade o crescimento em alguns países. Segundo previsões otimistas, como as do Fundo Monetário Internacional, os mercados financeiros só estarão plenamente restabelecidos a partir de 2010. A despeito da dificuldade de avaliação, não há dúvida que a crise provocou e provocará fortes impactos negativos na produção e no comércio mundial.

No âmbito da economia mundial, algumas previsões dão conta da desaceleração do crescimento que passará de 4,9%, em 2007, para 3,7% e 3,8%, respectivamente em 2008 e 2009. Existe ainda o cenário de que o crescimento mundial possa ficar abaixo de 3% em 2008 e 2009. Se estivermos diante de uma crise de insolvência, provavelmente se materializará o cenário desfavorável, representando o fim da atual fase de expansão da economia mundial. No que diz respeito à economia dos EUA, principal “locomotiva” do sistema, verificou-se a rápida e forte desaceleração do nível de atividade, dado que a crise mobiliário-financeira afetou negativamente o consumo das famílias e os investimentos totais, mais especificamente os investimentos em residências. As previsões do FMI para a economia dos EUA são de que o PIB deverá crescer apenas 0,5% e 0,6%, respectivamente até o final deste ano e também em 2009. Cenário este que caracterizaria uma prolongada fase de recessão econômica.

Além disso, os preços de exportação da indústria de informática despencam. Os preços do petróleo, cobre, grãos, estão em queda livre por excesso de oferta, apesar das baixas taxas de juros. A deflação de ativos está conduzindo à recessão e deflação de preços. A situação tornou-se crítica a tal ponto que em janeiro de 2008 o presidente Bush anunciou um pacote de incentivos fiscais da ordem de US$ 150 bilhões. O pacote de incentivos fiscais constitui-se na restituição de impostos, a milhões de contribuintes.

Por outro lado, as explosões atômicas da Índia e do Paquistão indicariam, na opinião de muitos analistas, que a crise não se limita aos aspectos financeiros e comerciais e avança também nos aspectos políticoestratégicos, pondo em questão a 'pax americana'. Ambas as tendências assustam a China, que reclama da falta de providências dos Estados Unidos na crise financeira asiática, mas não está disposta a submeter-se às regras de abertura descontrolada nem aceitar a arbitragem nuclear unilateral dosEstados Unidos na Ásia.

Tomando distância da conjuntura interna e olhando a longo prazo, dá para perceber que o Brasil – mesmo com economia menor e mais dependente do comércio exterior – teria mais possibilidades de resistir do que outros países e de ultrapassar a crise. Não por razões macroeconômicas, já que os desequilíbrios neste setor são violentos, mas porque é um dos poucos países que ainda podem enfrentar uma modificação no seu modelo de desenvolvimento de forma incorporadora, mudando o comportamento de submissão ao 'pensamento único' e às práticas neoliberais. As possibilidades de reorientar a alocação de recursos para aproveitar o potencial de crescimento do mercado interno de produtos básicos e de bens e serviços não transacionáveis são reais. Igualmente existem oportunidades de aumentar a eficiência e a divisão de trabalho com os países vizinhos da América do Sul tendo como base o Mercosul. No Brasil, as grandes massas nunca tiveram um destino minimamente claro via acesso à propriedade da terra, à educação e a uma relação salarial estável e progressiva, que foram os instrumentos mais importantes de incorporação em qualquer sociedade moderna. Analistas e economistas brasileiros mais otimistas tem argumentado que a atual crise financeira nos Estados Unidos tende a ter efeitos diretos de pequeno impacto sobre o Brasil.

Todos os países centrais trataram de estimular esses caminhos de integração, não apenas para expandir os respectivos mercados internos, mas para aumentar a própria capacidade de defesa, através da formação de povos de cidadãos. Aqui, nas crises, sempre “fugimos para a frente”, buscando defender os interesses das elites regionais e nacionais e ignorando os interesses e necessidades da maioria da população. Do ponto de vista da sociedade, construímos um país que só obteve êxito do ponto de vista do capital. Durante décadas crescemos mais do que todos, ora com democracia formal, ora com ditadura, mas nunca com democracia de massas. O povo assistiu embasbacado à Proclamação da República, ao golpe de Vargas, à morte do mesmo Vargas e ao golpe de 1964. Só deixou de estar paralisado a partir de 1977, quando participou ativamente da luta contra a ditadura e pelos direitos sindicais e sociais. Começamos a nos mover na rua por direitos há pouco tempo. O teste da democracia, entre nós, ainda não está terminado. Liquidamos a ditadura para tentar virar uma nação de cidadãos, mas aos poucos fomos perdendo esta perspectiva.

Hoje, frações do povo brasileiro lutam em todos os horizontes e só conseguem ganhar perspectiva e esperança nas eleições presidenciais. Lutam por direitos do cidadão, típicos do século XVIII, por direitos sindicais típicos do século XIX e por direitos sociais do século XX. Este século em muitos aspectos foi terrível, é verdade, mas também trouxe conquistas, que estão ameaçadas pelo atual domínio do capital financeiro internacional. Os trabalhadores estão tentando manter essas conquistas. Lutam no terreno dos direitos, sem rejeitar a herança da modernidade, mas ainda não conseguiram se incorporar de vez, até porque os seus representantes políticos nunca tiveram o direito à alternância democrática no poder, que foi a característica fundamental das democracias do século XX.

Os governos recentes foram ficando cada vez mais tecnocráticos a partir da ditadura. Os economistas, mesmo os da sociedade civil descontente, ficam buscando um 'modelo', quando a situação social e a crise internacional não permitem 'modelos', mas sim requerem opções e políticas claras a favor do povo. A pergunta é: como enfrentar a crise internacional? O Governo declara não saber o que fazer enquanto uma parte das elites progressistas que o acompanha, cada vez mais cansada de sua fatuidade, percebe que o 'modelo' está fazendo água em todo o mundo e parece optar pela visão de Keynes de que "qualquer coisa é preferível ao que os relatórios financeiros chamam de 'melhor opinião de Wall Street”. Em minha opinião, a atual crise internacional só pode ser enfrentada resistindo, negociando com seriedade, pondo os vastos recursos produtivos e a poupança forçada dos trabalhadores -que estão sendo desperdiçados -a favor de projetos que gerem emprego, modernizem as infraestruturas básicas e garantam a universalização dos direitos sociais. Esta é a matriz básica a partir da qual devem desdobrar-se todos os projetos concretos. Segundo previsões otimistas, como as do Fundo Monetário Internacional, os mercados financeiros só estarão plenamente restabelecidos a partir de 2010. Por isso, não há dúvida que a crise provocou e provocará fortes impactos negativos na produção e no comércio mundiais.

A Oposição tem um projeto nacional afirmativo claramente identificado com os interesses do povo brasileiro. Quaisquer que sejam as turbulências que nos atinjam, temos condições objetivas de levá-lo adiante, desde que se atue com determinação, utilizando os recursos primordialmente para melhorar a situação dos de baixo. O Brasil é um país continental, tem potencialidades de desenvolvimento, tem condições objetivas que independem do capital especulativo, que independem da globalização. Tem condições de dar alimentação, vestuário, calçado, escola e um mínimo de saúde e seguridade social à sua população. Embora possa levar algum tempo, existem condições objetivas de converter o país numa nação, como o fizeram, aliás, vários países no mundo, nas crises internacionais anteriores e nas situações mais diversas de desenvolvimento e organização social da produção e sistema político.

Não creio que com a extensão e profundidade da atual crise as elites de poder tenham condições de, uma vez mais, 'fugir para frente'. Agora a superação da crise, supõe mudanças efetivas na alocação dos recursos e reformas distintas das apregoadas pela ordem neoliberal, que só fazem ampliar o fosso da dependência e da apartação social e econômica. Não podemos mais delegar os destinos do país às tradicionais elites nacionais ou internacionais. A extensão, a profundidade e as conseqüências da crise ainda são elementos de difícil avaliação, haja vista a dificuldade de se saber se a crise é de liquidez ou de solvência dado que as perdas dos bancos comerciais e de investimentos podem ser ainda maiores do que as estimativas recentes.

Mais uma vez, a crise econômica nos Estados Unidos não se daria, contudo, sem afetar diretamente a autonomia dos demais países do mundo, incluindo o Brasil. Em face de tais fatos dessa crise na economia mundial e seus efeitos sobre a dimensão de um país, como o Brasil, deve haver um esforço conjunto de análise, à luz dos interesses do povo brasileiro. Desta vez, o povo tem que se posicionar frente ao mundo em relação à crise, que não interessa de forma alguma somente aos Estados Unidos, e como já foi dito, já não podemos mais dizer que desconhecemos as causas da crise econômica e de juros aqui no Brasil.

Nossos governantes precisam estar dispostos a atuar ativamente mostrando que também tem condições de lidar com a crise, criando possibilidades em participar de decisões no que se refere a economia do Brasil, para evitar ainda mais uma desaceleração e um menor crescimento da economia em nosso país.


Jornal Zero Hora. Crise econômica já chegou ao bolso do brasileiro. Porto Alegre, 11 de novembro de 2008.

_____ . Governadora prevê que crise mundial atingirá o RS. Porto Alegre, 2 de outubro de 2008.

_____. Ministro diz que crise mundial não prejudicará mercado de trabalho brasileiro. Porto Alegre, 20 de outubro de 2008.

Diário Catarinense. Edição online. Especialista explica como a crise econômica mundial afeta o bolso do brasileiro. Florianópolis, 29 de setembro de 2008.

Canal Rural (Reportagem). Crise econômica e retração do consumo entram em pauta durante a Sial 2008. 29 de outubro de 2008.


1. Acadêmicos do MBA Gestão Estratégica de Negócios- Faculdade Atlaântico Sul de Pelotas – AESA
2. Economista e Especialista em T.I. (UCPel-RS/Brasil), Economista da Universidade Federal do Pampa-UNIPAMPA (Bagé-RS/Brasil), Professor de Economia Empresarial do MBA Gestão Estratégica de Negócios- Faculdade Atlaântico Sul de Pelotas – AESA e Mestrando em Integración Económica Global y Regional- Universidad Internacional de Andalúcia- UNIA-ES (Orientador)

          Karl Marx   


Traços biográficos:

    Economista, filósofo e socialista alemão, Karl Marx nasceu em Trier em 5 de Maio de 1818 e morreu em Londres a 14 de Março de 1883. Estudou na universidade de Berlim, principalmente a filosofia hegeliana, e formou-se em Iena, em 1841, com a tese Sobre as diferenças da filosofia da natureza de Demócrito e de Epicuro. Em 1842 assumiu a chefia da redação do Jornal Renano em Colônia, onde seus artigos radical-democratas irritaram as autoridades. Em 1843, mudou-se para Paris, editando em 1844 o primeiro volume dos Anais Germânico-Franceses, órgão principal dos hegelianos da esquerda. Entretanto, rompeu logo com os líderes deste movimento, Bruno Bauer e Ruge.

    Em 1844, conheceu em Paris Friedrich Engels, começo de uma amizade íntima durante a vida toda. Foi, no ano seguinte, expulso da França, radicando-se em Bruxelas e participando de organizações clandestinas de operários e exilados. Ao mesmo tempo em que na França estourou a revolução, em 24 de fevereiro de 1848, Marx e Engels publicaram o folheto O Manifesto Comunista,primeiro esboço da teoria revolucionária que, mais tarde, seria chamada marxista. Voltou para Paris, mas assumiu logo a chefia do Novo Jornal Renano em colônia, primeiro jornal diário francamente socialista.

    Depois da derrota de todos os movimentos revolucionários na Europa e o fechamento do jornal, cujos redatores foram denunciados e processados, Marx foi para Paris e daí expulso, para Londres, onde fixou residência. Em Londres, dedicou-se a vastos estudos econômicos e históricos, sendo freqüentador assíduo da sala de leituras do British Museum. Escrevia artigos para jornais norte-americanos, sobre política exterior, mas sua situação material esteve sempre muito precária. Foi generosamente ajudado por Engels, que vivia em Manchester em boas condições financeiras.

    Em 1864, Marx foi co-fundador da Associação Internacional dos Operários, depois chamada I Internacional, desempenhando dominante papel de direção. Em 1867 publicou o primeiro volume da sua obra principal, O Capital. Dentro da I Internacional encontrou Marx a oposição tenaz dos anarquistas, liderados por Bakunin, e em 1872, no Congresso de Haia, a associação foi praticamente dissolvida. Em compensação, Marx podia patrocinar a fundação, em 1875, do Partido Social-Democrático alemão, que foi, porém, logo depois, proibido. Não viveu bastante para assistir às vitórias eleitorais deste partido e de outros agrupamentos socialistas da Europa.


Primeiros trabalhos:

    Entre os primeiros trabalhos de Marx, foi antigamente considerado como o mais importante o artigo Sobre a crítica da Filosofia do direito de Hegel, em 1844, primeiro esboço da interpretação materialista da dialética hegeliana. Só em 1932 foram descobertos e editados em Moscou osManuscritos Econômico-Filosóficos, redigidos em 1844 e deixa-os inacabados. É o esboço de um socialismo humanista, que se preocupa principalmente com a alienação do homem; sobre a compatibilidade ou não deste humanismo com o marxismo posterior, a discussão não está encerrada. Em 1888 publicou Engels as Teses sobre Feuerbach, redigidas por Marx em 1845, rejeitando o materialismo teórico e reivindicando uma filosofia que, em vez de só interpretar o mundo, também o modificaria.


    Marx e Engels escreveram juntos em 1845 A Sagrada Família, contra o hegeliano Bruno Bauer e seus irmãos. Também foi obra comum A Ideologia alemã (1845-46), que por motivo de censura não pôde ser publicada (edição completa só em 1932); é a exposição da filosofia marxista. Marx sozinho escreveu A Miséria da Filosofia (1847), a polêmica veemente contra o anarquista francês Proudhon. A última obra comum de Marx e Engels foi em 1847 O Manifesto Comunista, breve resumo do materialismo histórico e apelo à revolução.

    O 18 Brumário de Luís Bonaparte foi publicado em 1852 em jornais e em 1869 como livro. É a primeira interpretação de um acontecimento histórico no caso o golpe de Estado de Napoleão III, pela teoria do materialismo histórico. Entre os escritos seguintes de Marx Sobre a crítica da economia política em 1859 é, embora breve, também uma crítica da civilização moderna, escrito de transição entre o manuscrito de 1844 e as obras posteriores. A significação dessa posição só foi esclarecida pela publicação (em Moscou, 1939-41, e em Berlim, 1953) de mais uma obra inédita:Esboço de crítica da economia política, escritos em Londres entre 1851 e 1858 e depois deixados sem acabamento final.

    Em 1867 publicou Marx o primeiro volume de sua obra mais importante: O Capital. É um livro principalmente econômico, resultado dos estudos no British Museum, tratando da teoria do valor, damais-valia, da acumulação do capital etc. Marx reuniu documentação imensa para continuar esse volume, mas não chegou a publicá-lo. Os volumes II e III de O Capital foram editados por Engels, em 1885 e em 1894. Outros textos foram publicados por Karl Kautsky como volume IV (1904-10).






    Baseado em Demócrito e Epicuro sobre o materialismo e em Heráclito sobre a dialética (do grego, dois logos, duas opiniões divergentes), Marx defende o materialismo dialético, tentando superar o pensamento de Hegel e Feuerbach.

    A dialética hegeliana era a dialética do idealismo (doutrina filosófica que nega a realidade individual das coisas distintas do "eu" e só lhes admite a idéia), e a dialética do materialismo é posição filosófica que considera a matéria como a única realidade e que nega a existência da alma, de outra vida e de Deus. Ambas sustentam que realidade e pensamento são a mesma coisa: as leis do pensamento são as leis da realidade. A realidade é contraditória, mas a contradição supera-se na síntese que é a "verdade" dos momentos superados. Hegel considerava ontologicamente (do grego onto + logos; parte da metafísica, que estuda o ser em geral e suas propriedades transcendentais ) a contradição (antítese) e a superação (síntese); Marx considerava historicamente como contradição de classes vinculada a certo tipo de organização social. Hegel apresentava uma filosofia que procurava demonstrar a perfeição do que existia (divinização da estrutura vigente); Marx apresentava uma filosofia revolucionária que procurava demonstrar as contradições internas da sociedade de classes e as exigências de superação.

    Ludwig Feuerbach procurou introduzir a dialética materialista, combatendo a doutrina hegeliana, que, a par de seu método revolucionário concluía por uma doutrina eminentemente conservadora. Da crítica à dialética idealista, partiu Feuerbach à crítica da Religião e da essência do cristianismo.

    Feuerbach pretendia trazer a religião do céu para a Terra. Ao invés de haver Deus criado o homem à sua imagem e semelhança, foi o homem quem criou Deus à sua imagem. Seu objetivo era conservar intactos os valores morais em uma religião da humanidade, na qual o homem seria Deus para o homem.

      Adotando a dialética hegeliana, Marx, rejeita, como Feuerbach, o idealismo, mas, ao contrário, não procura preservar os valores do cristianismo. Se Hegel tinha identificado, no dizer de Radbruch, o ser e o dever-ser (o Sen e o Solene) encarando a realidade como um desenvolvimento da razão e vendo no dever-ser o aspecto determinante e no ser o aspecto determinado dessa unidade.

    A dialética marxista postula que as leis do pensamento correspondem às leis da realidade. A dialética não é só pensamento: é pensamento e realidade a um só tempo. Mas, a matéria e seu conteúdo histórico ditam a dialética do marxismo: a realidade é contraditória com o pensamento dialético. A contradição dialética não é apenas contradição externa, mas unidade das contradições,identidade: "a dialética é ciência que mostra como as contradições podem ser concretamente (isto é, vir-a-ser) idênticas, como passam uma na outra, mostrando também porque a razão não deve tomar essas contradições como coisas mortas, petrificadas, mas como coisas vivas, móveis, lutando uma contra a outra em e através de sua luta." (Henri Lefebvre, Lógica formal/ Lógica dialética, trad. Carlos N. Coutinho, 1979, p. 192). Os momentos contraditórios são situados na história com sua parcela de verdade, mas também de erro; não se misturam, mas o conteúdo, considerado como unilateral é recaptado e elevado a nível superior.

    Marx acusou Feuerbach, afirmando que seu humanismo e sua dialética eram estáticas: o homem de Feuerbach não tem dimensões, está fora da sociedade e da história, é pura abstração. É indispensável segundo Marx, compreender a realidade histórica em suas contradições, para tentar superá-las dialeticamente. A dialética apregoa os seguintes princípios: tudo relaciona-se (Lei da ação recíproca e da conexão universal); tudo se transforma (lei da transformação universal e do desenvolvimento incessante); as mudanças qualitativas são conseqüências de revoluções quantitativas; a contradição é interna, mas os contrários se unem num momento posterior: a luta dos contrários é o motor do pensamento e da realidade; a materialidade do mundo; a anterioridade da matéria em relação à consciência; a vida espiritual da sociedade como reflexo da vida material.

    O materialismo dialético é uma constante no pensamento do marxismo-leninismo (surgido como superação do capitalismo, socialismo, ultrapassando os ensinamentos pioneiros de Feuerbach).





    Na teoria marxista, o materialismo histórico pretende a explicação da história das sociedades humanas, em todas as épocas, através dos fatos materiais, essencialmente econômicos e técnicos. A sociedade é comparada a um edifício no qual as fundações, a infra-estrutura, seriam representadas pelas forças econômicas, enquanto o edifício em si, a superestrutura, representaria as idéias, costumes, instituições (políticas, religiosas, jurídicas, etc). A propósito, Marx escreveu, na obra A Miséria da filosofia (1847) na qual estabelece polêmica com Proudhon:

    As relações sociais são inteiramente interligadas às forças produtivas. Adquirindo novas forças produtivas, os homens modificam o seu modo de produção, a maneira de ganhar a vida, modificam todas as relações sociais. O moinho a braço vos dará a sociedade com o suserano; o moinho a vapor, a sociedade com o capitalismo industrial.

    Tal afirmação, defendendo rigoroso determinismo econômico em todas as sociedades humanas, foi estabelecida por Marx e Engels dentro do permanente clima de polêmica que mantiveram com seus opositores, e atenuada com a afirmativa de que existe constante interação e interdependência entre os dois níveis que compõe a estrutura social: da mesma maneira pela qual a infra-estrutura atua sobre a superestrutura, sobre os reflexos desta, embora, em última instância, sejam os fatores econômicos as condições finalmente determinantes.





"O que Marx mais critica é a questão de como compreender o que é o homem. Não é o ter consciência (ser racional), nem tampouco ser um animal político, que confere ao homem sua singularidade, mas ser capaz de produzir suas condições de existência, tanto material quanto ideal, que diferencia o homem."

    Numa leitura existencialista do marxismo, segundo Jean-Paul Sartre, a essência do homem é não ter essência, a essência do homem é algo que ele próprio constrói, ou seja, a História. "A existência precede a essência"; nenhum ser humano nasce pronto, mas o homem é, em sua essência, produto do meio em que vive, que é construído a partir de suas relações sociais em que cada pessoa se encontra. Assim como o homem produz o seu próprio ambiente, por outro lado, esta produção da condição de existência não é livremente escolhida, mas sim, previamente determinada. O homem pode fazer a sua História mas não pode fazer nas condições por ele escolhidas. O homem é historicamente determinado pelas condições, logo é responsável por todos os seus atos, pois ele é livre para escolher. Logo todas as teorias de Marx estão fundamentadas naquilo que é o homem, ou seja, o que é a sua existência. O Homem é condenado a ser livre.

    As relações sociais do homem são tidas pelas relações que o homem mantém com a natureza, onde desenvolve suas práticas, ou seja, o homem se constitui a partir de seu próprio trabalho, e sua sociedade se constitui a partir de suas condições materiais de produção, que dependem de fatores naturais (clima, biologia, geografia...) ou seja, relação homem-Natureza, assim como da divisão social do trabalho, sua cultura. Logo, também há a relação homem-Natureza-Cultura.




    Se analisarmos o contexto histórico do homem, nos primórdios, perceberemos que havia um espírito de coletivismo: todos compartilhavam da mesma terra, não havia propriedade privada; até a caça era compartilhada por todos. As pessoas que estavam inseridas nesta comunidade sempre se preocupavam umas com as outras, em prover as necessidades uns dos outros. Mas com o passar do tempo, o homem, com suas descobertas territoriais, acabou tornando inevitável as colonizações e, portanto, o escravismo, por causa de sua ambição. O escravo servia exclusivamente ao seu senhor, produzia para ele e o seu viver era em função dele.

    O coletivismo dos índios acabou; e o escravismo se transformou numa nova relação: agora o escravo trabalhava menos para seu senhor, e por seu trabalho conquistava um pedaço de terra para sua subsistência, ou seja, o servo trabalhava alguns dias da semana para seu senhor e outros para si. O feudalismo, então, começava a ser implantado e difundido em todo o território europeu. Esta relação servo-senhor feudal funcionou durante um certo período na história da humanidade, mas, por causa de uma série de fatores e acontecimentos, entre eles o aumento populacional, as condições de comércio (surgia a chance do servo obter capital através de sua produção excessiva), o capitalismo mercantilista, o feudalismo decaiu; e assim, deu espaço a um novo sistema econômico: o capitalismo industrial (que teve seu desenvolvimento por culminar durante a revolução industrial, com o surgimento da classe proletária). Assim, deve-se citar a economia inglesa como ponto de partida para as teorias marxistas.

    Como todo sistema tem seu período de crise, ocasionando uma necessidade de mudança, Adam Smith (o primeiro a incorporar ao trabalho a idéia de riqueza) desenvolve o liberalismo econômico.

    Do latim liberalis, que significa benfeitor, generoso, tem seu sentido político em oposição ao absolutismo monárquico. Os seus principais ideais eram: o Estado devia obedecer ao princípio da separação de poderes (executivo, legislativo e judiciário); o regime seria representativo e parlamentar; o Estado se submeteria ao direito, que garantiria ao indivíduo direitos e liberdades inalienáveis, especialmente o direito de propriedades. E foi isto que fez com que cada sistema fosse modificado.

    Sobretudo também deve-se mencionar David Ricardo, que, mais interessado no estudo da distribuição do que produção das riquezas, estabeleceu, com base em Malthus, a lei da renda fundiária(agrária), segundo a qual os produtos das terras férteis são produzidos a custo menor mas vendidos ao mesmo preço dos demais, propiciando a seus proprietários uma renda fundiária igual à diferença dos custos de produção. A partir da teoria da renda fundiária, Ricardo elaborou a lei do preço natural dos salários, sempre regulada pelo preço da alimentação, vestuário e outros itens indispensáveis à manutenção do operário e seus dependentes.

    Pois, como foi dito anteriormente, com a Revolução Industrial surgiu a classe do proletariado.





    Pretendendo caracterizar não apenas uma visão econômica da história, mas também uma visão histórica da economia, a teoria marxista também procura explicar a evolução das relações econômicas nas sociedades humanas ao longo do processo histórico. Haveria, segundo a concepção marxista, uma permanente dialética das forças entre poderosos e fracos, opressores e oprimidos, a história da humanidade seria constituída por uma permanente luta de classes, como deixa bem claro a primeira frase do primeiro capítulo d’O Manifesto Comunista:

    A história de toda sociedade passado é a história da luta de classes.

    Classes essas que, para Engels são "os produtos das relações econômicas de sua época". Assim apesar das diversidades aparentes, escravidão, servidão e capitalismo seriam essencialmente etapas sucessivas de um processo único. A base da sociedade é a produção econômica. Sobre esta base econômica se ergue uma superestrutura, um estado e as idéias econômicas, sociais, políticas, morais, filosóficas e artísticas. Marx queria a inversão da pirâmide social, ou seja, pondo no poder a maioria, os proletários, que seria a única força capaz de destruir a sociedade capitalista e construir uma nova sociedade, socialista.

    Para Marx os trabalhadores estariam dominados pela ideologia da classe dominante, ou seja, as idéias que eles têm do mundo e da sociedade seriam as mesmas idéias que a burguesia espalha. O capitalismo seria atingido por crises econômicas porque ele se tornou o impedimento para o desenvolvimento das forças produtivas. Seria um absurdo que a humanidade inteira se dedica-se a trabalhar e a produzir subordinada a um punhado de grandes empresários. A economia do futuro que associaria todos os homens e povos do planeta, só poderia ser uma produção controlada por todos os homens e povos. Para Marx, quanto mais o mundo se unifica economicamente mais ele necessita de socialismo.

    Não basta existir uma crise econômica para que haja uma revolução. O que é decisivo são as ações das classes sociais que, para Marx e Engels, em todas as sociedades em que a propriedade é privada existem lutas de classes (senhores x escravos, nobres feudais x servos, burgueses x proletariados). A luta do proletariado do capitalismo não deveria se limitar à luta dos sindicatos por melhores salários e condições de vida. Ela deveria também ser a luta ideológica para que o socialismo fosse conhecido pelos trabalhadores e assumido como luta política pela tomada do poder. Neste campo, o proletariado deveria contar com uma arma fundamental, o partido político, o partido político revolucionário que tivesse uma estrutura democrática e que buscasse educar os trabalhadores e levá-los a se organizar para tomar o poder por meio de uma revolução socialista.

    Marx tentou demonstrar que no capitalismo sempre haveria injustiça social, e que o único jeito de uma pessoa ficar rica e ampliar sua fortuna seria explorando os trabalhadores, ou seja, o capitalismo, de acordo com Marx é selvagem, pois o operário produz mais para o seu patrão do que o seu próprio custo para a sociedade, e o capitalismo se apresenta necessariamente como um regime econômico de exploração, sendo a mais-valia a lei fundamental do sistema.

    A força vendida pelo operário ao patrão vai ser utilizada não durante 6 horas, mas durante 8, 10, 12 ou mais horas. A mais-valia é constituída pela diferença entre o preço pelo qual o empresário compra a força de trabalho (6 horas) e o preço pelo qual ele vende o resultado (10 horas por exemplo). Desse modo, quanto menor o preço pago ao operário e quanto maior a duração da jornada de trabalho, tanto maior o lucro empresarial. No capitalismo moderno, com a redução progressiva da jornada de trabalho, o lucro empresarial seria sustentado através do que se denomina mais-valia relativa (em oposição à primeira forma, chamada mais-valia absoluta), que consiste em aumentar a produtividade do trabalho, através da racionalização e aperfeiçoamento tecnológico, mas ainda assim não deixa de ser o sistema semi-escravista, pois "o operário cada vez se empobrece mais quando produz mais riquezas", o que faz com que ele "se torne uma mercadoria mais vil do que as mercadorias por ele criadas". Assim, quanto mais o mundo das coisas aumenta de valor, mais o mundo dos homens se desvaloriza. Ocorre então a alienação, já que todo trabalho é alienado, na medida em que se manifesta como produção de um objeto que é alheio ao sujeito criador. O raciocínio de Marx é muito simples: ao criar algo fora de si, o operário se nega no objeto criado. É o processo de objetificação. Por isso, o trabalho que é alienado (porque cria algo alheio ao sujeito criador) permanece alienado até que o valor nele incorporado pela força de trabalho seja apropriado integralmente pelo trabalhador. Em outras palavras, a produção representa umanegação, já que o objeto se opõe ao sujeito e o nega na medida em que o pressupõe e até o define. A apropriação do valor incorporado ao objeto graças à força de trabalho do sujeito-produtor, promove a negação da negação. Ora, se a negação é alienação, a negação da negação é a desalienação. Ou seja, a partir do momento que o sujeito-produtor dá valor ao que produziu, ele já não está mais alienado.


Pausa para um desabafo pessoal

       A esta altura da leitura você, esmagado muito mais pela propaganda do que pela verdade científica ou histórica, deve estar se perguntando: "Mas peraí, o comunismo não acabou? O comunismo não deu certo?" Caso seja o caso, remeto ao magnífico trabalho do comunista peruano (que teve a vida tristemente ceifada cedo demais) O Homem e o Mito, particularmente no trecho em que ele explica porque motivos a Fé num Futuro Humanista para a Sociedade do Homo Sapiens jamais se abala: “A cada experiência frustrada, recomeçam. Não encontraram a solução: a encontrarão. Jamais os assalta a idéia de que a solução não exista. Eis aí sua força”. Por outro lado e na mesma linha - talvez mal comparando, poder-se-ia dizer que o Cristianismo  fracassou rotundamente. Imagine que o personagem histórico Jesus de Nazaré - se é que ele existiu mesmo, há quem duvide, como Brian Fleming... - tivesse oportunidade de verificar de perto as inúmeras e bárbaras atrocidades perpetradas em seu nome pelos anos afora e fosse hoje procurar uma Igreja em que sentisse seu pensamento e seus ensinamentos sendo respeitados e praticados. As atrocidades perpetradas diuturnamente pelos cristãos constitui prova cabal de que as idéias de Jesus   estavam erradas? Pois é...

      A mim causa enorme espanto que os seguidores de um homem capaz de vergastar de azorrague, sem compaixão, os banqueiros de sua época (ainda hoje os críticos do Capital e com muito mais motivo chamamos os mercadores do Capital - parasitas que lucram enormes quantidades de dinheiro com o fruto do trabalho alheio, como banqueiros e jogadores das bolsas de valores de "vendilhões do templo", por sinal). Mas, com o passar dos séculos os que se dizem seguidores de Jesus modificaram tanto as teses e ensinamentos iniciais que há até teorias mirabolantes sobre o quanto o sujeito deve ser rico e estar de bem com o Capital para se sentir e ser tratado como um "vaso de bênção". É evidente que estes criminosos que lucram fábulas vendendo suas religiões em templos luxuosos são ainda mais ateus do que aqueles que ousamos assim nos pronunciar. Se acreditassem, minimamente, am alguma forma de "Juízo Final" se aliariam tão entusiasticamente aos vendilhões do templo humilhando todos os "profetas"? Pronto, fim da pausa para o desabafo, voltemos à seriedade do texto.







    O CAPITALISMO tem seu início na Europa. Suas características aparecem desde a baixa idade média (do século XI ao XV) com a transferência do centro da vida econômica social e política dos feudos para a cidade. O feudalismo passava por uma grave crise decorrente da catástrofe demográfica causada pela Peste Negra que dizimou 40% da população européia e pela fome que assolava o povo. Já com o comércio reativado pelas Cruzadas(do século XI ao XII), a Europa passou por um intenso desenvolvimento urbano e comercial e, conseqüentemente, as relações de produção capitalistas se multiplicaram, minando as bases do feudalismo. Na Idade Moderna, os reis expandem seu poderio econômico e político através do mercantilismo e do absolutismo. Dentre os defensores deste temos os filósofos Jean Bodin("os reis tinham o direito de impor leis aos súditos sem o consentimento deles"), Jacques Bossuet ("o rei está no trono por vontade de Deus") e Niccòlo Machiavelli("a unidade política é fundamental para a grandeza de uma nação").

    Com o absolutismo e com o mercantilismo o Estado passava a controlar a economia e a buscar colônias para adquirir metais(metalismo) através da exploração. Isso para garantir o enriquecimento da metrópole. Esse enriquecimento favorece a burguesia - classe que detém os meios de produção - que passa a contestar o poder do rei, resultando na crise do sistema absolutista. E com as revoluções burguesas, como a Revolução Francesa e a Revolução Inglesa, estava garantido o triunfo do capitalismo.

    A partir da segunda metade do século XVIII, com a Revolução Industrial, inicia-se um processo ininterrupto de produção coletiva em massa, geração de lucro e acúmulo de capital. Na Europa Ocidental, a burguesia assume o controle econômico e político. As sociedades vão superando os tradicionais critérios da aristocracia (principalmente a do privilégio de nascimento) e a força do capital se impõe. Surgem as primeiras teorias econômicas: a fisiocracia e o liberalismo. Na Inglaterra, o escocês Adam Smith (1723-1790), percursor do liberalismo econômico, publica Uma Investigação sobre Naturezas e Causas da Riqueza das Nações, em que defende a livre-iniciativa e a não-interferência do Estado na economia.

    Deste ponto, para a atual realidade econômica, pequenas mudanças estruturais ocorreram em nosso fúnebre sistema capitalista.



SOCIALISMO - A História das Idéias Socialistas possui alguns cortes de importância. O primeiro deles é entre os socialistas Utópicos e os socialistas Científicos, marcado pela introdução das idéias de Marx e Engels no universo das propostas de construção da nova sociedade. O avanço das idéias marxistas consegue dar maior homogeneidade ao movimento socialista internacional.

    Pela primeira vez, trabalhadores de países diferentes, quando pensavam em socialismo, estavam pensando numa mesma sociedade - aquela preconizada por Marx - e numa mesma maneira de chegar ao poder.



COMUNISMO - As idéias básicas de Karl Marx estão expressas principalmente no livro O Capital en'O Manifesto Comunista, obra que escreveu com Friedrich Engels, economista alemão. Marx acreditava que a única forma de alcançar uma sociedade feliz e harmoniosa seria com os trabalhadores no poder. Em parte, suas idéias eram uma reação às duras condições de vida dos trabalhadores no século XIX, na França, na Inglaterra e na Alemanha. Os trabalhadores das fábricas e das minas eram mal pagos e tinham de trabalhar muitas horas sob condições desumanas.

    Marx estava convencido que a vitória do comunismo era inevitável. Afirmava que a história segue certas leis imutáveis, à medida que avança de um estágio a outro. Cada estágio caracteriza-se por lutas que conduzem a um estágio superior de desenvolvimento. O comunismo, segundo Marx, é o último e mais alto estágio de desenvolvimento.

    Para Marx, a chave para a compreensão dos estágios do desenvolvimento é a relação entre as diferentes classes de indivíduos na produção de bens. Afirmava que o dono da riqueza é a classe dirigente porque usa o poder econômico e político para impor sua vontade ao povo. Para ele, a luta de classes é o meio pelo qual a história progride. Marx achava que a classe dirigente jamais iria abrir mão do poder por livre e espontânea vontade e que, assim, a luta e a violência eram inevitáveis.


O ANARQUISMO foi a proposta revolucionária internacional mais importante do mundo durante a segunda metade do século XIX e início do século XX, quando foi substituído pelo marxismo (comunismo). Em suma, o anarquismo prega o fim do Estado e de toda e qualquer forma de governo, que seriam as causas da existência dos males sociais, que devem ser substituídos por uma sociedade em que os homens são livres, sem leis, polícia, tribunais ou forças armadas. A sociedade anarquista seria organizada de acordo com a necessidade das comunidades, cujas relações seriam voltadas ao auto-abastecimento sem fins lucrativos e à base de trocas. A doutrina, que teve em Bakunin seu grande expoente teórico, organizou-se primeiramente na Rússia, expandindo-se depois para o resto da Europa e também para os Estados Unidos. O auge de sua propagação deu-se no final do século XIX, quando agregou-se ao movimento sindical, dando origem ao anarco-sindicalismo, que pregava que os sindicatos eram os verdadeiros agentes das transformações sociais. Com o surgimento do marxismo, entretanto, uma proposta revolucionária mais adequada ao quadro social vigente no século XX, o anarquismo entrou em decadência. Sem, contudo, deixar de ter tido sua importância histórica, como no episódio em que os anarquistas italianos Nicola Sacco e Bartolomeo Vanzetti foram executados por assassinato em 1921, nos EUA, mesmo com as inúmeras evidências e testemunhos que provavam sua inocência.




    Depois da morte de Marx e Engels, a rápida industrialização da Alemanha e o fortalecimento do partido social-democrata e dos sindicatos melhoraram muito as condições de vida dos trabalhadores alemães, ao mesmo tempo em que ser tornou cada vez mais improvável a esperada crise fatal do regime capitalista. Eduard Bernstein em seu livro Os pressupostos do socialismo e as tarefas da social-democracia, recomendou abandonar utópicas esperanças revolucionárias e contentar-se, realisticamente com o fortalecimento do poder político e econômico das organizações do proletariado, considerando-se que as previsões marxistas de depauperamento progressivo(esgotar as forças de forma a tornar-se muito pobre) das massas não se tinham verificado.

    Esse "revisionismo" de Bernstein foi combatido pela ortodoxia marxista, representada por Karl Kautsky. Mas praticamente o revisionismo venceu de tal maneira, que a social-democracia alemã abandonou, enfim, o marxismo.

    Ficou isolada a marxista Rosa Luxemburg, que em uma de suas obras adaptou a teoria de Marx às novas condições do imperialismo econômico e político do séc. XX.




NEOMARXISTAS: Fora da Rússia, houve e há várias tentativas de dar ao marxismo outra base filosófica que o materialismo científico do séc. XIX, que já não se afigura bastante sólido a muitos marxistas modernos. Georges Sorel apoiando-se na filosofia do élan vital de Henri Bergson, postulou um movimento antiparlamentar, de violência revolucionária, inspirado pelo "mito" de uma irresistível greve geral.




    O Manifesto Comunista fez a humanidade caminhar. Não em direção ao paraíso, mas na busca (raramente bem sucedida, até agora) da solução de problemas como a miséria e a exploração do trabalho. Rumo à concretização do princípio, teoricamente aceito há 200 anos, diz que "todos os homens são iguais". E sublinhando a novidade que afirmava que os pobres, os pequenos, os explorados também podem ser sujeitos de suas vidas.

    Por isso é um documento histórico, testemunho da rebeldia do seres humanos. Seu texto, racional, aqui e ali bombástico e, em diversas passagens irônico, mal esconde essa origem comum com homens e mulheres de outros tempos: o fogo que acendeu a paixão da Liga dos Comunistas, reunida em Londres no ano de 1847, não foi diferente do que incendiou corações e mentes na luta contra a escravidão clássica, contra a servidão medieval, contra o obscurantismo religioso e contra todas as formas de opressão.

    A Liga dos Comunistas encomendou a Marx e a Engels a elaboração de um texto que tornasse claros os objetivos dela e sua maneira de ver o mundo. E isto foi feito pelos dois jovens, um de 30 e o outro de 28 anos. Portanto, o Manifesto Comunista é um conjunto afirmativo de idéias, de "verdades" em que os revolucionários da época acreditavam, por conterem, segundo eles, elementos científicos – um tanto economicistas – para a compreensão das transformações sociais. Nesse sentido, o Manifesto é mais um monumento do que um documento... Pétreo, determinante, forte: letras, palavras, e frases que queriam Ter o poder de uma arma para mudar o mundo, colocando no lugar "da velha sociedade burguesa uma associação na qual o livre desenvolvimento de cada membro é a condição para o desenvolvimento de todos."

    O Manifesto tem uma estrutura simples: uma breve introdução, três capítulos e uma rápida conclusão.

    A introdução fala com um certo orgulho, do medo que o comunismo causa nos conservadores. O "fantasma" do comunismo assusta os poderosos e une, em uma "santa aliança", todas as potências da época. É a velha "satanização" do adversário, que está "fora da ordem", do "desobediente". Mas o texto mostra o lado positivo disso: o reconhecimento da força do comunismo. Se assusta tanto, é porque tem alguma presença. Daí a necessidade de expor o modo comunista de ver o mundo e explicar suas finalidades, tão deturpadas por aqueles que o "demonizam".

    A parte I, denominada "Burgueses e Proletários", faz um resumo da história da humanidade até os dias de então, quando duas classes sociais antagônicas (as que titulam o capítulo) dominam o cenário.

    A grande contribuição deste capítulo talvez seja a descrição das enormes transformações que a burguesia industrial provocava no mundo, representando "na história um papel essencialmente revolucionário".

    Com a argúcia de quem manejava com destreza instrumentos de análise socioeconômica muito originais na época, Marx e Engels relatam (com sincera admiração !) o fenômeno da globalização que a burguesia implementava, mundializando o comércio, a navegação, os meios de comunicação.

    O Manifesto fala de ontem mas parece dizer de hoje. O desenvolvimento capitalista libera forças produtivas nunca vistas, "mais colossais e variadas que todas as gerações passadas em seu conjunto". O poderio do capital que submete o trabalho é anunciado e nos faz pensar no agora do revigoramento neoliberal: nos últimos 40 anos deste século XX, foram produzidos mais objetos do que em toda a produção econômica anterior, desde os primórdios da humanidade.

    A revolução tecnológica e científica a que assistimos, cujos ícones são os computadores e satélites e cujo poder hegemônico é a burguesia, não passa de continuação daquela descrita noManifesto , que "criou maravilhas maiores que as pirâmides do Egito, que os aquedutos romanos e as catedrais góticas; conduziu expedições maiores que as antigas migrações de povos e cruzadas". Um elogio ao dinamismo da burguesia ?

    Impiedoso com os setores médios da sociedade – já minoritários nas formações sociais mais conhecidas da Europa - , o Manifesto chega a ser cruel com os desempregados, os mendigos, os marginalizados, "essa escória das camadas mais baixas da sociedade", que pode ser arrastada por uma revolução proletária mas, por suas condições de vida, está predisposta a "vender-se à reação". Dá a entender que só os operários fabris serão capazes de fazer a revolução.

    A relativização do papel dos comunistas junto ao proletariado é o aspecto mais interessante da parte II, intitulada "Proletários e Comunistas".

    Depois de quase um século de dogmatismos, partidos únicos e "de vanguarda" portadores de verdade inteira, é saudável ler que "os comunistas não formam um partido à parte, oposto a outros partidos operários, e não têm interesses que os separem do proletariado em geral".

    Embora, sem qualquer humildade, o Manifesto atribua aos comunistas mais decisão, avanço, lucidez e liderança do que às outras frações que buscam representar o proletariado, seus objetivos são tidos como comuns: a organização dos proletários para a conquista do poder político e a destruição de supremacia burguesa.

    O "fantasma" do comunismo assombrava a Europa e o livro procura contestar, nessa parte, todos os estigmas que as classes poderosas e influentes jogavam sobre ele. Vejamos alguns desses estigmas, bastante atuais, e a resposta do Manifesto:

    Os comunistas querem acabar com toda a propriedade, inclusive a pessoal !

    Você já deve ter ouvido isso... Em 1989, no Brasil, quando Lula quase chegou lá, seus adversários espalharam o boato de que as famílias de classe média teriam que dividir suas casas com os sem-teto... A bobagem é velha, de 150 anos. Marx e Engels responderam que queriam abolir a propriedade burguesa, capitalista. Para os socialistas, a apropriação pessoal dos frutos do trabalho e aqueles bens indispensáveis à vida humana eram intocáveis. Ao que se sabe, roupas, calçados, moradia não são geradores de lucros para quem os possui... O Manifesto a esse respeito, foi definitivo, apesar de a propaganda anticomunista e burra não ter lhe dado ouvidos: "O comunismo não retira a ninguém o poder de apropriar-se de sua parte dos produtos sociais, tira apenas o poder de escravizar o trabalho de outrem por meio dessa apropriação."


    Os comunistas querem acabar com a família e com a educação !

    Sempre há alguém pronto para falar do comunista "comedor de criancinha". Ao ouvir isso, não deixe de indagar se uma família pode viver com o salário mínimo, o pai e mão desempregados e uma moradia sem fornecimento de água e sem luz. E se uma criança pode ser educada para a vida numa escola pública abandonada pelo governo, que finge que paga aos professores e funcionários. Na sociedade capitalista a educação é, ela própria, um comércio, uma atividade lucrativa...

    Os comunistas querem socializar as mulheres !

    Essa fazia parte do catecismo de "satanização" das idéias socialistas. "Para o burguês, sua mulher nada mais é que um instrumento de produção. Ouvindo dizer que os instrumento de produção serão postos em comum, ele conclui naturalmente que haverá comunidade de mulheres. O burguês não desconfia que se trata precisamente de dar à mulher outro papel que o de simples instrumento de produção." É bom lembrar que alguns socialistas, até hoje, não conseguiram aceitar essa nova compreensão da mulher. O machismo nega o marxismo...

    A parte III, denominada "Literatura Socialista e Comunista" faz fortes críticas às diferentes correntes socialistas da época.

    O Manifesto corta com a afiada faca da ironia três tipos de socialismo da época: o "socialismo reacionário" (subdividido em socialismo feudal, socialismo pequeno-burguês e socialismo alemão, o "socialismo conservador e burguês" e o "socialismo e comunismo crítico-utópico".

    Nesse capítulo a obra mostra seu caráter temporal, quase local. Revela sua profunda imersão na efervescência das idéias e combates daquela época, quando a aristocracia, para salvar os dedos já sem seus ricos anéis, condena a burguesia e, numa súbita generosidade, tece loas a um vago socialismo.

    A conclusão, "Posição dos Comunistas Diante dos Diferentes Partidos de Oposição" é um relato das táticas adotadas naquele momento pelos comunistas, na França, na Suíça, na Polônia e na Alemanha. Estados Unidos e Rússia, que viviam momentos de alta tensão social e política, não são mencionados, como reconheceu Engels em maio de 1890, ao destacar com sinceridade "o quanto era estreito o terreno de ação do movimento proletário no momento da primeira publicação do Manifesto em fevereiro de 1848".

    O Manifesto Comunista como não poderia deixar de ser, termina triunfalista e animando. Não quer espiritualizar e sim emocionar para a luta. Curiosamente, retoma a idéia do "fantasma", ao desejar que "as classes dominantes tremam diante da idéia de uma revolução comunista". Os proletários, que têm um mundo a ganhar com a revolução, também são, afinal, conclamados, na célebre frase, que tantos sonhos, projetos de vida e revoluções sociais já inspirou:


          A Questão Social no Brasil   

- os direitos econômicos e sociais como direitos fundamentais -

Maria Victoria Benevides
(socióloga, professora da Faculdade de Educa
ção da USP e diretora da Escola de Governo)

A Constituição brasileira vigente, dita “Cidadã” e promulgada após intensa participação popular, estabelece como objetivos da República: “construir uma sociedade livre, justa e solidária; garantir o desenvolvimento nacional; erradicar a pobreza e a marginalização e reduzir as desigualdades sociais e regionais; promover o bem de todos, sem preconceitos de origem, raça, sexo, cor, idade e quaisquer outras formas de discriminação” (art.3º). Como fundamentos do Estado democrático de Direito o texto constitucional afirma a soberania, a cidadania, a dignidade da pessoa humana, os valores sociais do trabalho e da livre iniciativa e o pluralismo político. Os direitos sociais incluem educação, saúde, moradia, trabalho, lazer, segurança, previdência social, proteção à maternidade e à infância e assistência aos desamparados (art.6º).

Os direitos dos trabalhadores especificam conquistas sociais que em nada ficam a dever às democracias populares socialistas e as democracias progressistas do chamado primeiro mundo (art.7º). [1]

Nossa Carta Magna reflete, assim, uma feliz combinação de direitos humanos e de direitos do cidadão, de tal sorte que lutar pela cidadania democrática e enfrentar a questão social no Brasil praticamente se confunde com a luta pelos direitos humanos – ambos entendidos como resultado de uma longa história de lutas sociais e de reconhecimento, ético e político, da dignidade intrínseca de todo ser humano, independentemente de quaisquer distinções.

Temos uma bela Constituição social o que, sem dúvida, representa um avanço considerável em relação à história de um país regado com sangue de escravos. No entanto, ainda hoje, a realidade brasileira explode em violenta contradição com aqueles ideais proclamados. Sabemos todos que vivemos num país marcado por profunda desigualdade social, fruto de persistente política oligárquica e da mais escandalosa concentração de renda. E, hoje, ainda sofremos um processo de negação dos direitos sociais arduamente conquistados, na medida em que prospera a defesa de um “Estado mínimo”, que abandona o povo à sua sorte e que reduz a cidadania às liberdades civis e políticas, mantendo, em contrapartida, os privilégios dos “de cima” e a brutal carência de direitos dos “de baixo”. O mais recente relatório de indicadores sociais do PNUD coloca o Brasil em 79º lugar. O próprio Banco Mundial, insuspeito de simpatias “esquerdistas”, vem afirmando que a pobreza tem crescido muito devido à globalização econômica - e não o contrário, como apregoam nossos deslumbrados arautos do neoliberalismo.

Pretendo abordar o tema da questão social no Brasil vista do ângulo de sua vinculação com a democracia e os direitos dela decorrentes, com ênfase nos direitos econômicos e sociais, entendidos como direitos humanos fundamentais. Nesse sentido, estarei falando de democracia como, prioritariamente, o regime que propicia a consolidação e a expansão da cidadania social, com a garantia das liberdades e da efetiva e autônoma participação popular.

Democracia é, assim, entendida como o regime político fundado na soberania popular e no respeito integral aos direitos humanos. Esta breve definição tem a vantagem de agregar democracia política e democracia social. Em outros termos, reúne os pilares da “democracia dos antigos”, ou democracia política - tão bem explicitada por Benjamin Constant e Hannah Arendt , quando a definem como a liberdade para a participação na vida pública - e a democracia moderna, embasada no ideal republicano, nos valores do liberalismo político e da democracia social. Ou seja, reúne as exigências da cidadania plena, a única que engloba as liberdades civis e a participação política, ao mesmo tempo que reivindica a igualdade e a prática da solidariedade.

A questão social insere-se no contexto do empobrecimento da classe trabalhadora com a consolidação e expansão do capitalismo desde o início do século 19, bem como o quadro da luta e do reconhecimento dos direitos sociais e das políticas públicas correspondentes, além do espaço das organizações e movimentos por cidadania social. A primeira e inarredável constatação histórica se impõe: até o século 19 os trabalhadores ligados à terra não podiam ser expulsos; tinham, apesar da pobreza, um mínimo de segurança. O capitalismo (“tudo que é sólido desmancha no ar”) destruiu essa proteção social e provocou as hordas de excluídos de toda sorte. Se o Estado do Bem Estar Social - graças às lutas dos trabalhadores e aos ideais socialistas – conseguiu uma certa estabilidade social, com o reconhecimento dos direitos econômicos e sociais, o neoliberalismo veio provocar o segundo ato dessa tragédia: agora aqueles excluídos da terra, que conseguiram se afirmar como trabalhadores pela garantia das prestações sociais do Estado, tudo perdem, já não têm propriedade e são despojados dos direitos econômicos e sociais. São os novos proletários de terço final do século 20.

Historicamente, os direitos econômicos e sociais foram (e, de certa forma, continuam sendo) aqueles dificilmente vieram a ser reconhecidos – isto é, não apenas proclamados mas também acompanhados das devidas e eficazes garantias. São aqueles direitos das classes ou grupos despossuídos, sem poder econômico, sem autonomia cultural, sem poder político.

O primeiro grupo de direitos humanos – os direitos civís e políticos- foram declarados e garantidos contra o sistema de desigualdade de condição jurídica próprio do feudalismo: a divisão estamental.

Correspondem a afirmações da igualdade de direitos individuais, de autonomia do indivíduo contra os grupos sociais que tradicionalmente o abafavam, como a família, a corporação de ofícios, a Igreja, os estamentos. Dissolvida a sociedade estamental e afirmada a autonomia jurídica dos indivíduos, verifica-se, em pouco tempo (a partir do séc.19) que uma nova divisão social se afirmava, agora paradoxalmente sob o manto protetor da igualdade de direitos individuais : a divisão da sociedade em classes proprietárias e classes trabalhadoras, em ricos e pobres. Em 1847, afirmava Alexis de Tocqueville: “a Revolução Francesa, que aboliu todos os privilégios e destruiu os direitos exclusivos, deixou no entanto subsistir um, o da propriedade (...) Dentro em pouco, é entre os que têm posses e os que não têm, que se estabelecerá a luta política; o grande campo de batalha será a propriedade, e as principais questões da política passarão pelas modificações mais ou menos profundas a trazer ao direito de propriedade “(Souvenirs).

Foi contra a ascensão do capitalismo, como modo de vida – isto é, como um novo tipo de civilização na qual tudo se compra e tudo se vende – que se afirmaram os direitos econômicos e sociais, assim como os direitos individuais foram reconhecidos e garantidos contra o feudalismo. Portanto, a idéia central a ser enfatizada é a seguinte: sem a superação do capitalismo, os direitos econômicos e sociais não chegarão a se afirmar e se consolidar, principalmente nas sociedades ditas “periféricas”.

As liberdades individuais – locomoção, habeas-corpus, igualdade de voto, livre associação, segurança – foram o patamar sobre o qual se apoiou o movimento socialista do século 19 para reivindicar os grandes direitos econômicos e sociais. Efetivamente, sem as liberdades civis e políticas, o movimento sindical teria tido enorme dificuldade para se desenvolver. Os burgueses queriam a liberdade de associação para eles, mas não para os trabalhadores - e sabiam que estavam exteriorizando uma contradição injusta, do ponto de vista ético e jurídico.

É bastante conhecida a distinção histórica em gerações, ou dimensões dos direitos humanos, a partir do século 18, com os direitos individuais, os sociais e os coletivos da humanidade. No entanto, se para os países do primeiro mundo faz sentido essa sucessão histórica de direitos, para nós a questão se coloca de outra forma. Nunca tivemos uma “revolução burguesa”, no sentido de que as classes proprietárias não lutaram em defesa de liberdades civis e políticas que lhes tivessem sendo negadas (ver, a respeito, a análise de Sérgio Buarque de Hollanda quando afirma que, no Brasil, “a democracia sempre foi um lamentável mal-entendido”). Em nosso país, a consciência da dignidade humana na liberdade, na igualdade, na solidariedade nasceu ao mesmo tempo, de um só golpe, no século 20. É fato inegável, ademais, que sempre tivemos a supremacia dos direitos políticos sobre os direitos sociais. Criamos o sufrágio universal - o que é, evidentemente, uma conquista - mas, com ele, criou-se também a ilusão do respeito pelo cidadão. A realização periódica de eleições convive com o esmagamento da dignidade da pessoa humana, em todas as suas dimensões. Portanto, é possível afirmarmos que, ao contrário dos países europeus e da América do Norte, aqui ao sul do Equador os direitos econômicos e sociais são a condição essencial para a realização  das liberdades.. Ou seja, os direitos econômicos e sociais são, para nós, a condição da democracia, e não o contrário.

O grande problema dos direitos humanos é a sua não-efetividade, pois sua defesa dependerá sempre da institucionalização de um sistema de poder, de uma posição de poder na sociedade. Objeto dos direitos econômicos e sociais são políticas públicas ou programas de ação governamental, que visam a suprimir carências sociais. Os titulares desses direitos são os grupos carentes ou despossuídos – como sujeito coletivo, ou individualmente, para todas as pessoas que os compõem. É o que ocorre, por exemplo, com os direitos trabalhistas – de fruição coletiva e individual – e dos direitos em matéria de acesso ao ensino fundamental (ver Constituição Federal, art.208). O sujeito passivo de tais direitos sociais é o Estado, ou os particulares que detêm poder econômico – também no caso dos direitos trabalhistas e do direitos de acesso à propriedade.

É importante assinalar que os direitos fundamentais, justamente por serem direitos já reconhecidos e proclamados oficialmente – em nossa Constituição e em todas as convenções e pactos internacionais dos quais o Brasil é signatário – não podem ser revogados por emendas constitucionais, leis ou tratados internacionais posteriores. Os projetos de emenda constitucional da Presidência da República, no sentido do desmanche dos direitos trabalhistas é, portanto, inconstitucional. Isso significa que, além de naturais, universais e históricos, os direitos humanos são, também, indivisíveis e irreversíveis. São irreversíveis porque à medida que são proclamados, tornando-se direitos positivos fundamentais, não podem mais ser revogados. São indivisíveis porque, numa democracia efetiva, não se pode separar o respeito às liberdades individuais da garantia dos direitos sociais; não se pode considerar natural o fato de que o povo seja livre para votar mas continue preso às teias da pobreza absoluta.[2]

Dado o caráter inorgânico dos grupos sociais carentes no Brasil, um problema central diz respeito à necessidade de organização e de representação ; daí avulta o papel dos sindicatos, em relação à categoria dos trabalhadores, mesmo os não sindicalizados. Dentre as garantias judiciais , organizadas oficialmente, destacam-se o dissídio coletivo trabalhista,a ação civil pública, proposta pelo Ministério Público ou, excepcionalmente, por ONG (cuja legitimidade deve ser alargada, aliás) e a desapropriação para reforma agrária. Outra garantia judicial, não organizada oficialmente, é a ação direta de inconstitucionalidade em relação a políticas públicas determinadas. Dentre as garantias não-judiciais, temos aquelas reconhecidas oficialmente, como a greve, a Previdência Social, o sistema público de educação e o sistema único de saúde. Dentre as não-reconhecidas oficialmente (o que não significa que sejam ilegalidades ), está a ocupação de terras para produção agrícola ou de imóveis para habitação.

A cidadania democrática pressupõe a igualdade diante da lei, a igualdade da participação política e a igualdade de condições sócio-econômicas básicas, para garantir a dignidade humana. Essa terceira igualdade é crucial, pois exige uma meta a ser alcançada, não só por meios de leis, mas pela correta implementação de políticas públicas, de programas de ação do Estado. É aqui que se afirma, como necessidade imperiosa, a organização popular para a legítima pressão sobre os poderes públicos. A cidadania ativa pode ser exercida de diversas maneiras, nas associações de base e movimentos sociais, em processos decisórios na esfera pública, como os conselhos, o orçamento participativo, iniciativa legislativa, consultas populares.

É importante deixar claro que a participação cidadã em entidades da sociedade civil não significa aceitar a diminuição do papel do Estado – este continua sendo o grande responsável pelo desenvolvimento nacional com a garantia efetiva dos direitos dos cidadãos. O êxito eventual de algumas parcerias, de obras do chamado “terceiro setor”, não pode obscurecer essa realidade. É dos poderes públicos que devem ser cobradas, por exemplo, as novas propostas de cidadania social, como os programas de renda mínima, de bolsa-escola, de banco do povo, de polícia comunitária, de saúde pública, de política agrária etc.

É conhecida a relação muitas vezes vista como dilemática entre igualdade e liberdade. Ora, os direitos civis e políticos exigem que todos gozem da mesma liberdade, mas são os direitos sociais que garantirão a redução das desigualdades de origem, para que a falta de igualdade não acabe gerando, justamente, a falta de liberdade. Por sua vez, não é menos verdade que a liberdade propicia as condições para a reivindicação de direitos sociais. Um exemplo histórico do direito social à educação parece-me eloqüente. Já em abril de 1792, Condorcet alertava, no Relatório sobre a Instrução Pública apresentado à Assembléia Legislativa : “os direitos humanos permanecerão formais se não se firmarem na base da igualdade efetiva dos indivíduos em relação à Educação e à Instrução”. É nesse sentido, aliás, que se posicionam todos os críticos das “mistificações igualitárias”, presentes nas teses das “oportunidades iguais” na escola, apesar do abismo das diferenças sociais.

Para se discutir a consciência de cidadania social numa determinada sociedade é necessário partir do reconhecimento da distância que separa, por um lado, leis e princípios fundantes de liberdades e direitos e, por outro lado, a própria consciência de tais direitos, além da existência (ou não) dos mecanismos institucionais e dos recursos para garantir a sua prática, ou a sua fruição. O reconhecimento dessa distância provoca, num primeiro momento, as seguintes indagações: em que espaços é exercida a reivindicação de direitos? A partir de quais relações sociais? Frente a quais instituições? Em relação a que demandas? (E. Jelin, 1994). Torna-se evidente, portanto, que a idéia de cidadania, assim como a de direitos, estão sempre em processo de construção e de mudança. Isso significa que não podemos congelar, num determinado período ou numa determinada sociedade, uma lista fechada de direitos específicos. Tal lista será sempre passível de transformação, sempre historicamente determinada. Como assinalou Hannah Arendt, o que permanece inarredável, como pressuposto básico, é o direito a ter direitos.

Percebe-se, assim, como a relação entre cidadania social e democracia explicita-se também no fato de que ambas são processos. Os cidadãos numa democracia não são apenas titulares de direitos já estabelecidos - mas existe, em aberto, a possibilidade de expansão, de criação de novos direitos, de novos espaços, de novos mecanismos. O processo, portanto, não se dá no vácuo. Lembra Marilena Chauí que a cidadania exige instituições, mediações e comportamentos próprios, constituindo-se na criação de espaços sociais de lutas (movimentos sociais, sindicais e populares) e na definição de instituições permanentes para a expressão política, como partidos, legislação, órgãos dos poderes públicos e mecanismos de participação popular (como conselhos, orçamento participativo, consultas populares como referendos e plebiscitos e a prática da iniciativa popular legislativa). Distingue-se, portanto, a cidadania passiva - aquela que é outorgada pelo Estado, com a idéia moral da tutela e do favor - da cidadania ativa, aquela que institui o cidadão como portador de direitos e deveres, mas essencialmente participante da esfera pública e criador de novos direitos para abrir espaços de participação.

A expansão da cidadania social implica, além de uma ação efetiva dos poderes públicos e da pressão popular, num tipo de mudança cultural, no sentido de mexer com o que está mais enraizado nas mentalidades marcadas por preconceitos, por discriminação, pela não aceitação dos direitos de todos, pela não aceitação da diferença. Trata-se, portanto, de uma mudança cultural especialmente importante no Brasil, pois implica a derrocada de valores e costumes arraigados entre nós, decorrentes de vários fatores historicamente definidos: nosso longo período de escravidão, que significou exatamente a violação de todos os princípios de respeito à dignidade da pessoa humana, a começar pelo direito à vida; nossa política oligárquica e patrimonial; nosso sistema de ensino autoritário, elitista, e com uma preocupação muito mais voltada para a moral privada do que para a ética pública; nossa complacência com a corrupção, dos governantes e das elites, assim como em relação aos privilégios concedidos aos cidadãos ditos de primeira classe ou acima de qualquer suspeita; nosso descaso com a violência, quando ela é exercida exclusivamente contra os pobres e os socialmente discriminados; nossas práticas religiosas essencialmente ligadas ao valor da caridade em detrimento do valor da justiça; nosso sistema familiar patriarcal e machista; nossa sociedade racista e preconceituosa contra todos os considerados diferentes; nosso desinteresse pela participação cidadã e pelo associativismo solidário; nosso individualismo consumista, decorrente de uma falsa idéia de “modernidade”.

É bem provável que os mais jovens aqui presentes jamais tenham ouvido algo sobre uma certa “democracia da gravata lavada”. No entanto, essa expressão já sintetizou, em dado período de nossa história, o sonho de construção de uma “sociedade ordeira e feliz”. Há quase um século e meio, o liberal mineiro Teófilo Otoni, por exemplo, proclamava a causa da “democracia da gravata lavada, a democracia pacífica da classe média, letrada e asseada, a única merecedora do gozo dos direitos políticos da cidadania” (Campanha do lenço branco, 1860).

Podemos sorrir dessa lembrança antiga, embora ela não reflita apenas uma curiosidade histórica: ainda hoje convivemos com a discriminação contra todos aqueles que não se encaixam no padrão excludente de “letrados e asseados” e, portanto, não são considerados cidadãos com plenos direitos. Há poucos anos  ouvimos de autoridade paulistana que “a prefeitura só pode atender aqueles que pagam impostos”, e, assim, se justificaria o abandono de importante parcela do povo vítima de enchentes e desabamentos. São também freqüentes as ocasiões em que se propõe a mutilação da cidadania por vários motivos - desde a cor da pele até o grau de instrução (ainda há, por exemplo, quem condene o voto do analfabeto!), passando pelo não-direito dos jovens aos cursos supletivos, pois a “educação de adultos” deixou de ser responsabilidade governamental (vide a emenda 14 à Constituição).

A mudança cultural necessária deve levar ao enfrentamento de herança histórica tão pesada e ainda ser instrumento de reação a duas grandes deturpações que fermentam em nosso meio social – como parte de uma certa “cultura política”- em relação ao entendimento do que sejam os direitos fundamentais do ser humano. A primeira delas, muito comentada atualmente e bastante difundida na sociedade, inclusive entre as classes populares, refere-se à identificação entre direitos humanos e “direitos dos bandidos”. Essa deturpação decorre certamente da ignorância e da desin- formação mas também de uma perversa e eficiente manipulação, sobretudo nos meios de comunicação de massa, como ocorre com certos programas de rádio e televisão, voltados para a exploração sensacionalista da violência e da miséria humana.

A segunda deturpação, evidente nos meios de maior nível de instrução (meio acadêmico, mas também de políticos e empresários), refere-se à crença de que direitos humanos se reduzem essencialmente às liberdades individuais do liberalismo clássico e, portanto, não se consideram como direitos fundamentais os direitos sociais, os direitos de solidariedade universal. Nesse sentido, os liberais adeptos dessa crença aceitam a defesa dos direitos humanos como direitos civís e políticos, direitos individuais à segurança e à propriedade; mas não aceitam a legitimidade da reivindicação, em nome dos direitos humanos, dos direitos econômicos e sociais, a serem usufruídos individual ou coletivamente, ou seja, aqueles vinculados ao mundo do trabalho, à educação, à saúde, à moradia, à previdência e seguridade social etc.

É contra tal quadro histórico e com tais deturpações - muitas vezes conscientes e deliberadas, de grupos ou pessoas interessadas em desmoralizar a luta pelos direitos humanos, porque querem manter seus privilégios ou porque querem controlar e usar a violência, sobretudo a institucional, apenas contra os pobres, contra aqueles considerados “classes perigosas”- que se dirige a luta pela nova e ampliada cidadania social.

Finalmente, gostaria de concluir levantando uma questão de ordem prática, relativa às possibilidades de transformação e de militância política. Partindo do pressuposto de que o socialismo não morreu – seus ideais continuam vivos e atuantes – pergunto qual deveria ser a opção das esquerdas no Brasil hoje.

Penso que as esquerdas poderiam se unir a partir de uma plataforma comum com dois eixos : 1) a crítica incisiva do capitalismo em sua fase mais selvagem de “globalização”, visando à sua superação; 2) a conquista da democracia efetiva e, em específico, da participação popular. Os dois eixos convergem no compromisso com a promoção dos direitos humanos e ideais humanistas, com ênfase nos direitos econômicos e sociais, aqueles historicamente consagrados nas lutas socialistas, o que já garante um mínimo de consenso entre as esquerdas de origem vária.

Quanto ao primeiro ponto, trata-se de denunciar, com o máximo rigor, a incompatibilidade entre democracia e capitalismo. Estou convencida de que, ao invés da tradicional aliança com a democracia liberal, o capitalismo hodierno mantém um casamento perfeito com o poder oligárquico - foram feitos um para o outro. Seu rebento mais notável é esse “neoliberalismo”, que de maneira absolutamente insana vem transformando os pobres em miseráveis e descartáveis. Nenhuma forma de democracia pode conviver com tal nível de exclusão social. No Brasil, esse verdadeiro “horror econômico” aparece no desmanche das mínimas garantias de seguridade social, como nas indecentes propostas de reforma da Previdência ou na defesa das vantagens do trabalho informal e “temporário”. Cabe às esquerdas insistir na solidariedade social como valor e como exigência inarredável da democracia. Não se trata mais de “humanizar o capitalismo”, pois no estágio atual isso já é impossível. Trata-se de propor sua superação por um sistema que combine a democracia participativa com eficientes instrumentos de proteção social (há várias formas em discussão, desde a renda mínima à reforma agrária , passando pelo banco popular para minicrédito e por novas políticas publicas de saúde e educação, aqui destacando-se o projeto da bolsa escola, o qual tem sido citado até pelo Presidente da República).

Quanto ao segundo eixo, sabemos que, mesmo entre nós, identificados com a herança generosa da revolução por “liberdade, igualdade, fraternidade”, a adesão concreta às práticas e instituições democráticas tem sido francamente insuficiente. Mas cabe às esquerdas, vítimas preferenciais da repressão no regime militar, lutar contra a doença mais grave de nosso sistema político, o abuso do poder. Contra esse mal só existe um remédio: voltar às raízes da democracia como soberania popular e cidadania ativa. Isto é, devolver ao povo o poder decisório que, em tese, é seu. Nesse sentido, o orçamento participativo do Partido dos Trabalhadores, o PT, é parte indis- pensável de programa comum das esquerdas. É evidente que outras práticas de demo- cracia participativa devem ser ampliadas, como os conselhos, as iniciativas legis- lativas e os plebiscitos, além do apoio explícito aos movimentos sociais e populares.

O abuso do poder é mais evidente na instância executiva. Uma das características de nossa história republicana é a tendência a se perverter o sistema presidencial de governo em dominação caudilhesca do Presidente da República - aquele “presidencialismo imperial” tão denunciado pelos atuais governantes quando, na oposição, defendiam o parlamentarismo. Lutar contra isso, hoje, é um dever funda-mental das esquerdas, se quiserem, ao vencer, exercer o poder democraticamente.

A principal questão permanece: para que unir as esquerdas em torno de um projeto eleitoral? Se for para continuar o mesmo jogo da política oligárquica, não vale a pena. Precisamos dizer, claramente, que queremos ganhar para mudar, tanto no enfrentamento do capitalismo “realmente existente” (o verdadeiro capitalismo selvagem) quanto na superação da contrafação democrática que vem sendo imposta pelo neoliberalismo triunfante.

A solidariedade é, hoje, mais urgente do que nunca. Significa que todos somos responsáveis pelo bem comum. Considero, portanto, como extremamente perigoso (por mais que entenda suas causas) o descrédito do povo nas instituições políticas, pois isso ultrapassa a figura das pessoas, dos governantes e parlamentares, para atingir o próprio cerne da ação política, acaba se transformando num descrédito na ação política e na sua capacidade transformadora. Não é possível ser cidadão consciente com rejeição à atividade política. O resultado da apatia pode ser uma atitude na vida social que é o oposto de qualquer idéia de cidadania democrática, que é o das estratégias individuais, do “salve-se quem puder”, da “justiça pelas próprias mãos”, excluindo qualquer possibilidade de ação coletiva, de solidariedade. Mas, como digo aos meus alunos, sou professora, logo... sou otimista. O pensador italiano Antonio Gramsci afirmava que “devemos ser pessimistas no diagnóstico, mas otimistas na ação”. Acompanho a criação de associações de luta em torno de interesses públicos e a atuação de movimentos sociais de grande importância – como o MST, Movimento dos Trabalhadores sem Terra - assim como percebo o crescimento constante da consciência política do povo (haja vista as recentes eleições em São Paulo e no país, com a vitória da oposição e do PT) e um novo entusiasmo na juventude para a participação cidadã.

Participo de novos projetos de educação em direitos humanos e para a cidadania e, há dez anos, faço parte da direção da Escola de Governo – escola de formação política, baseada nos princípios da democracia participativa, da ética na política, do compromisso com o desenvolvimento nacional e do respeito aos direitos humanos. “Para conjurarmos o risco da consolidação da barbárie”, escreve Fábio Konder Comparato – “precisamos construir urgentemente um mundo novo, uma civilização que assegure a todos os seres humanos, sem embargo das múltiplas diferenças biológicas e culturais que os distinguem entre si, o direito elementar à busca da felicidade”. Será pedir muito para o povo brasileiro?

No Brasil, a esperança é uma virtude revolucionária. Esta, como uma exigência contra a destruição feita pelo capitalismo predador neste mundo “globalizado” pelo mais perverso neoliberalismo econômico, é o grande desafio para o século 21.

Referências bibliográficas

ARENDT, Hannah - Da Revolução, São Paulo: Ática, 1988.

BENEVIDES, Maria Victoria de Mesquita - A Cidadania Ativa. São Paulo: Ática, 1991.

----- - Cidadania e Democracia, in Lua Nova, nº33,1994.

----- - Cidadania e Direitos Humanos, in Cadernos de Pesquisa, Fund. Carlos Chagas, nº 104, julho 1998.

CHAUÍ, Marilena - Cultura e Democracia. São Paulo: Moderna, 1984.

COMPARATO, Fábio Konder - "A Nova Cidadania", in Lua Nova, 28/29, 1993, pp. 85-106.

----------- - A Afirmação Histórica dos Direitos Humanos, São Paulo: Saraiva, 1999.

----------- - A Humanidade no século a grande opção, Univ. de Coimbra, fev.2000. Publ. na revista Praga.

JELIN, Elizabeth - "A Cidadania desde baixo", in Lua Nova, 32, 1994

TOCQUEVILLE, Alexis de - Souvenirs


[1] O direito à moradia é conquista recente, tendo sido incluído pela emenda constitucional nº26, de 14/02/2000.

[2] Ver resolução nº32/130 da ONU, de 1977 que estabelece : “é impossível a realização dos direitos civis políticos sem o usufruto dos direitos econômicos , sociais e culturais”.

          Comment on Open Thread for July, 2017 by Just Some Random Guy   
Might as well post this again. Laura Ebke's "Jump Start 2018" fundraiser for her re-election in 2018 lasts until July 4: Obviously, no politician would say no to a donation given after that point, but part of the reason for trying to raise the money this early is to, as it says, give a jump start to the re-election campaign. As the liberal Emily's List says, Early Money Is Like Yeast. I want to again say why I think this re-election is incredibly important: She was one of the state representatives who changed their party status to Libertarian. I expect there's quite a few more who might be interested, but are hesitant about their re-election chances if they change to a minor party. If it can be demonstrated that someone can change to Libertarian and then get re-elected, that would probably cause more to jump ship.
          Comment on Party members question Vince Cable on Brexit, freedom of movement and single market by Lorenzo Cherin   
As I made some of the same points , Michael BG does , here , earlier , and was pilloried for it , it is nice to have someone saying things similar , as he does on freedom of movement , economic and social liberalism, and David Raw , on Sir Vince and the existential need to concentrate on more than attacking or criticising the leader to be , and other colleagues when we endeavour to consider things , like Sir Vince , sensibly. Appreciated that Eddie is the only one who actually seems to support more readily, here, and is directly effected by the issue in his family, and yet so fair. I am glad I have regularly called on him and encouraged him to join the party as others criticised him at times, and his doing so , being a member now is very welcome.
          Comment on In need of an identity by Michael BG   
@ Brian Robinson I had noted you hadn’t responded early, so thank you for your response. There is a difference between Labourism and Social Liberalism as Social Liberalism has at its heart the individual and the freedom to make choices and not the collectivism of Labour. Still it might not be seen as very distinctive, nevertheless in the past we were seen as distinct from Labour and so it should be possible to be seen as distinct again when we are a social liberal party again. If there is a majority to be again a social liberal party that is enough in a democratic party. The only way we as a party will survive will be as a social liberal party. I think we have proved that as an economic liberal party lies our extinction.
          Comment on Party members question Vince Cable on Brexit, freedom of movement and single market by Michael BG   
@ James Baillie “I likewise reject the view that migration is inherently a harmful thing” If one individual migrates to another country there are no great harmful effects, there might be a small amount of family harm. However if all the young people from a country migrate this causes great harm to the country they left. There are opportunity costs of immigration. If an employer employs migrant workers and pays them as little as possible the missed opportunities are for the people who were not employed because they needed higher wages to take the job; the missed opportunity of investing in new equipment so less people would need to be employed at higher wages. Being able to migrate benefits the individual who migrates but can cost those left behind and those who lose the opportunity of employment which is taken by the migrant. According to Mark Park social liberalism is about reducing inequalities while I would say that economic liberalism is concerned more with a smaller state, free markets and more individualism. Therefore it can be said that supporting the idea that every individual in the world should be able to live and work in the UK is an economic liberal position, while believing the movement of labour should be restricted so the poorest in society can benefit more and reduce inequalities in society is a social liberal position. Liberals support the idea of reducing economic inequalities across the world and therefore some might say that once the economic pressures on people to move to better themselves have been removed everyone should have the freedom to live and work anywhere in the world.
          Comment on Party members question Vince Cable on Brexit, freedom of movement and single market by Ed McMillan-Scott   
Vince Cable's statement this morning and his i/v with the Yorkshire Post today didn't have a word about remaining in the Customs Union and describing negotiations as “even at this late stage” when they haven’t actually begun suggests a less than ambitious attitude. Nothing in our position was “premature”. The LibDem position on Brexit on which I stood in the GE was unequivocal: “Every vote for the Liberal Democrats is a vote to give the final say to the British people in a referendum on whether to accept the deal or remain in the EU; keep the UK in the single market and customs union – trade must continue without damaging customs controls at the border; protect the rights of EU and UK citizens living abroad – ending the uncertainty for millions of people.” (Source LibDem website)
          Comment on Well that didn’t take long! Vince answers the Brexit, freedom of movement and single market questions by Ed McMillan-Scott   
Not a word about remaining in the Customs Union and describing negotiations as "even at this late stage" when they haven't actually begun suggests a less than ambitious attitude. Nothing in our position was "premature". The LibDem position on Brexit on which I stood in the GE was unequivocal: "Every vote for the Liberal Democrats is a vote to give the final say to the British people in a referendum on whether to accept the deal or remain in the EU; keep the UK in the single market and customs union - trade must continue without damaging customs controls at the border; protect the rights of EU and UK citizens living abroad - ending the uncertainty for millions of people." (Source LibDem website)
          A stellar choice for the Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity   
(Paul Mirengoff) President Trump has appointed our friend Hans von Spakovsky to the Presidential Advisory Commission on Election Integrity. As with Eric Dreiband, Trump’s excellent pick to head the DOJ’s Civil Rights Division, the liberal media is already attacking von Spakovsky. For example, this Washington Post story begins: “President Trump on Thursday appointed a divisive conservative voting rights expert to spearhead the White House’s search into allegations of widespread fraud in the
          UPDATE 1-Minneapolis approves gradual minimum wage hike to $15 an hour   
June 30- The Minneapolis City Council approved a measure on Friday requiring large companies to pay workers least at $15 an hour by 2022, following moves by other liberal-leaning U.S. cities to raise the minimum wage. The pay hike will be phased in citywide by 2024 and makes Minneapolis the first city in the Midwest to set a timetable for a $15 minimum wage.
          CORRECTED-Minneapolis approves gradual rise in minimum wage to $15 an hour   
June 30- The Minneapolis city council approved a measure on Friday requiring large companies to pay workers least at $15 an hour by 2022, a 58 percent increase, joining a trend by liberal-leaning cities across the country to boost living standards for low wage earners. The measure, approved by a vote of 11 to 1, will extend the required $15 minimum to smaller...
          Minneapolis approves gradual rise in minimum wage to $15 an hour   
June 30- The Minneapolis city council approved a measure on Friday requiring large companies to pay workers least at $15 an hour by 2022, a 58 percent increase, joining a trend by liberal-leaning cities across the country to boost living standards for low wage earners. The measure, approved by a vote of 11 to 1, will extend the required $15 minimum to smaller...
          Party of the Poor?   
In the past, I have not been pleased with either party, but have voted Republican only for their pro-life stance, which has not always been as strong as it might have been. Sadly, we have watched the Democratic party go from being the party of the working class to the party of abortion and sodomy. From Crisis:
For decades liberals have claimed that Democrats care for the poor and Republicans don’t. And they really believe it. A meme that circulated widely over left-leaning blogs a few years back had a depiction of Jesus with a child on his lap, reading,

It’s ironic because the biggest enemy of the Republicans isn’t Harry Reid or Nancy Pelosi or Hillary Clinton or Barack Obama, it’s THIS MAN… He said heal the sick, feed the hungry care for the weakest among us, and always pray in private.

The real irony for the Party of Pro-choice and its apologists is the child in Jesus’ arms. More recently, religious progressive Jack Jenkins wrote a piece, bluntly titled, “The Strange Origins of the GOP Ideology that Rejects Caring for the Poor” in reaction to comments made by GOP Congressman Roger Marshall on health care. In an attempt to explain why government-run programs don’t work, the Kansas Representative remarked, “Just like Jesus said, ‘The poor will always be with us. There is a group of people that just don’t want health care and aren’t going to take care of themselves.” Although Marshall clarified that he was speaking “in the context of supporting the obligation we have to always take care of people (emphasis added),” progressives, imagining themselves tapped into the divine mind-set, took to the media with their own hermeneutics.

There was MSNBC host Joe Scarborough who disparaged the lawmaker’s comments as a “complete twisting of everything that the Gospel is about. Everything! Read the Gospel. Read the Sermon on the Mount. … I mean, Jesus was pretty clear.” Yes, he was, and Scarborough would do well to read those texts himself—or, perhaps, a little more closely.

There was also Matthew Loftus in America: The Jesuit Review who traced Marshall’s biblical quote to Deuteronomy 15:11 where the Israelites were commended “[to] always be generous and open-handed with their neighbors.” Jack Jenkins included a link to the same verse in his critique. Such biblical expositors should note that unless we are living under a theocratic government, as was ancient Israel, the state has no biblical duty to the poor. As James Madison put it, “Charity is no part of the legislative duty of government.” Our nation’s Founders understood that, biblically, the role of the state is limited to protecting the citizenry, preserving civil order, and executing justice, and that care of the needy is the responsibility of those closest to their need—neighbors and de-centralized civic and faith-based organizations.

Contrary to the “clobber” verses marshaled to argue otherwise (e.g., Matthew 5 and Matthew 25), when Jesus taught about duty to the poor, he was not speaking to government officials or their political bodies, he was speaking to his disciples—sometimes privately—indicating that the care of the needy is their responsibility as Christians.

For nineteen hundred years, their followers did just that, individually, and through the collective of the Church, caring for each other and their neighbors by establishing hospitals, orphanages, food distribution systems, and houses for the poor and aged. Although exceptions can be found on both sides of the political aisle, Republicans do not care any less about the poor than Democrats. They just differ on how and by whom it should be given. In short, they believe that care is best handled at the local level by individuals and “mediating” institutions like churches, faith-based charities, civic groups, and other volunteer associations. They reject programs that encourage a culture of idleness and dependence, in favor of those that help the able-bodied poor become employable and self-reliant so that they can have the dignity of earning a living and providing for their families. (Read more.)

          Telemarketing Selvaggio   
Ddl concorrenza, Soro: sconcerto e preoccupazione per norma su telemarketing
"Suscita sconcerto e preoccupazione la norma, contenuta nel testo del Ddl concorrenza, relativa al telemarketing. Essa elimina il requisito del consenso preventivo per le chiamate promozionali, "liberalizzando" il fenomeno del telemarketing selvaggio e prevedendo come unica forma di  tutela dell'utente la possibilità di rifiutare le sole chiamate successive alla prima.

Si corre di fatto il rischio di stalking telefonico per milioni di consumatori.  Il Ddl sulla concorrenza approvato il 3 maggio 2017 al Senato, per diventare legge dovrà avere anche il sì della Camera (dove non dovrebbe subire modifiche).  Un emendamento presentato dal Movimento Cinque Stelle e approvato con la fiducia del Pd, nato per arginare il telemarketing selvaggio, rischia infatti di liberalizzarlo di fatto, perché prevede che l’utente possa essere chiamato anche se non ha esplicitamente espresso il suo consenso.

Si tratta di una soluzione diametralmente opposta a quella - fondata sul previo consenso all'interessato - ampiamente discussa nella Commissione di merito dello stesso Senato, indicata dal Garante e, in  apparenza, largamente condivisa. La norma peraltro risulta incoerente con la linea di maggiore tutela seguita dalla stessa Commissione nell'ambito dell'esame del Ddl sul Registro delle opposizioni.

Antonello Soro , Presidente del Garante per la protezione dei dati personali, ha dichiarato: “Prendo atto del fatto che ancora una volta il legislatore intervenga sul Codice della privacy nel segno dell'estemporaneità, rendendo ancora più difficile l'attività di contrasto delle incontenibili violazioni in questo settore".

Il Codacons boccia la «giungla» del settore, dove «il cittadino sarà totalmente indifeso». E i Cinque Stelle, che parlano di «spam legalizzato», annunciano che faranno «tutto ciò che è nelle nostre possibilità per scongiurare l’approvazione di un testo inaccettabile».

Il Ministero dello Sviluppo economico replica: «L’emendamento è chiaramente finalizzato a fornire un ulteriore strumento di tutela dei consumatori». L’Antitrust ha avviato proprio qualche giorno fa un’istruttoria sul telemarketing aggressivo di Telecom e Vodafone per le chiamate continue su telefono fisso e cellulare dei consumatori, a qualsiasi ora del giorno, per sollecitare acquisti o contratti.

Fonte:  Garante Privacy
          Trump Just Pissed Off Millions Of Liberals With What He Refuses To Have In The White House For A Month   

Snowflakes are melting down everywhere!

The post Trump Just Pissed Off Millions Of Liberals With What He Refuses To Have In The White House For A Month appeared first on Freedom Daily.

          CNN Producer, new vid   
Pestular Croaker: CNN Producer says the american public that watches CNN is "stupid as shit" and that's why they can get away with lying and their viewers just lap it up. Because they are dumbass morons.

As we know CNN is watched almost exclusively by liberals who voted for Hillary, so I gotta say that CNN is telling the truth here.
          Asociación Aheramigua denuncia presencia de autodefensas en El Bagre (Antioquia) -

Asociación Aheramigua denuncia presencia de autodefensas en El Bagre (Antioquia)
Según la Asociación de Hermandades Agroecológicas y Mineras de Guamocó, un grupo de 50 hombres identificados como Autodefensas Gaitanistas se tomaron este sábado la cabecera del corregimiento. Aheramigua le pide a la Fiscalía que ayude a la ...
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          Comment on The Real Gap Between The Rich and The Poor Is Not The Money by Jeroen Hellingman   
Let me respond, not just to the surface message of this post, but to a deeper level that I think is misleading, not by what it says, but by what it doesn't say. Indeed, one half of the story is changing the mind-set of the people to take their fortunes into their own hands, but that only goes that far. The other half should really come from societal change, which nobody can do alone. Too often I hear people ignore the plight of the poor with the simple argument, well, it is their own fault. They should just work harder or smarter -- and basically deny them even a chance to get out. Although I am Dutch and live a confortable live in a rich country, I've also lived in India and been in the Philippines many times, so third world society and conditions are not strange to me. The difference between middle class and rich is that the rich are net possessors of capital (in the economic sense of income generating assets, as opposed to consumption goods). Control of these assets is what makes a different mind-set possible. It is wishful thinking that you can turn that upside down, especially in a world where the rules are bent significantly to the benefit of asset-holders instead of providers of labor. This article is fairly ambivalent in its idea. It jumps from one interpretation of 'rich' to another, but having the mindset will NOT automatically get you the finances. That is a harmful neo-liberal idea that needs to be rejected. Much is established by heritage and luck. I would therefor like to suggest not to mingle the two concepts. Poverty means having not enough resources to achieve your potential in life. You cannot pay for (your children's) schooling, you cannot pay for essential goods, such as healthcare or healthy food, and therefor suffer and actually undermine your earning capability. This is also harmful for society at large, and hence we need to collectively take action to prevent it. Curiously, having too much money also prevents you from achieving your potential. Never having to work for your luxurious escapades is NOT a blessing, and leads to wasteful, destructive behavior. As a society, we should also prevent excessive wealth, as that also undermines our democratic society. For that reason I am very much in favor of progressive income taxes to pay for services that benefit the general good (such as schooling, necessary infrastructure, etc.), and ultimately inheritance taxes that prevent that generations of 'upper class' people can live on the income of assets alone, without ever doing any meaningful work. I think a healthy society should have a ratio between the lowest and highest income earners of about 5, and should actively prevent that ratio to go above 20. Also, an inheritance should never be so large as to enable somebody to do nothing all his life, and still have money left at the end of that life. This would limit inheritances (in European context) to about 2 million euros. Taxing away the excesses of the rich will provide the means of providing for the poor, and also taking care of those who can never care for themselves (handicapped, sick, and old people). Now please don't tell me that progressively taxing high incomes will take away the incentive to work hard. That is another neo-liberal thought that doesn't withstand scrutiny. First, most very high incomes are not labor based, but asset based (incomes from rent). Second: social studies have shown that increases in incomes above about 60.000 euros (again, European standards) are not matched by an increase in well-being. You do not gain more happiness from having more. It is a waste. The incentive for people to work hard who already have a sufficient income will always come from other reasons (yes, one of it is status, expressed by ostensibly displaying wealth -- we simply have to laugh that away as foolish and crude.) -- reasons such as self-expression, building a better society, or just enjoying what you do. In my opinion, everybody needs to think and plan ahead financially. Set aside at least 10 percent of your monthly income to provide for buffers, educate your children and set aside assets to care for you in your old age. People need to realize that borrowing is costly (even at today's low interest rates). Just to end with an example. Donald Trump is a very good example of being a rich man who displays poor behavior, and shows how bad our legal and economic systems are skewed to the benefit of living on assets instead of labor, and how permissive our legal system is of abuse. He lives by creating debts and then defaulting on them; his behavior is destructive, his esthetic tastes abysmal, wasteful and bombastic, his attitude towards other human beings horrendous, he just doesn't care about natural beauty, and his performance as a 'business man' is far below par (if he had just invested his entire inheritance in a fund with a low risk profile, he would have been much richer than he is today).
          Comment on Mark Cuban Is Right, Liberal Arts Majors Are the Key to the Future by my blog   
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          Zerwürfnis mit Ansage   
Der Papst trennt sich vom deutschen Kurienkardinal Müller. Ihr Konflikt war nicht nur im Vatikan bekannt – liberale Christen freut der Schritt.
          Trump's Latest Tweet Is Roundly Criticized   
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: As a presidential candidate Donald Trump promised he would be so presidential, you will be so bored. Now he is president, and people are not so bored. White House spokeswoman Sarah Huckabee Sanders is defending the president's choice to attack a TV host as, quote, "low IQ and bleeding from plastic surgery." (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING) SARAH HUCKABEE SANDERS: People on that show have personally attacked me many times. This is a president who fights fire with fire and certainly will not be allowed to be bullied by liberal media and the liberal elites within the media or Hollywood or anywhere else. INSKEEP: It's the punctuation mark on a week that seemed like it would be about substantive issues like health insurance. Jonah Goldberg is with us to try to make sense of it, if possible. He's senior editor at National Review. Hi, Jonah. JONAH GOLDBERG: Hey. It's great to be here. INSKEEP: Does this help the president - this
          Obama book falls victim to booksellers' rivalry   

In reply to B&N Cancels Order for Chelsea Green’s Obama Book

Associated Press: Obama book falls victim to booksellers' rivalry

A new book about Sen. Barack Obama has intensified a rivalry between two powerful competitors: Barnes & Noble, Inc. and

Chelsea Green Publishing, a small, liberal publisher based in Vermont, is releasing Robert Kuttner's "Obama's Challenge," a call for Obama to enact a bold, progressive economic agenda. It plans to distribute copies at next week's Democratic National Convention, where Obama is expected to get the party's presidential nomination.

Angering both Barnes & Noble and independent sellers, the publisher also will distribute coupons that can be redeemed exclusively through's BookSurge, a "print-on-demand" service that through digital technology enables books to be printed in small quantities.

          "Caça ao homem"   
Se não é, não lhe falta parecença. Ora vejam:

«De "especial complexidade", dizem. Bom, como discordar? Provar que a terra é plana é de especial complexidade. Provar a quadratura do círculo coloca igualmente um problema de especial complexidade. As provas no Processo Marquês são também de especial complexidade , pela razão de que é impossível provar o que nunca aconteceu.O nosso código penal não se ocupa da especial complexidade deste tipo de verdade material : será a terra plana? Mas não se esqueceu de prever a possibilidade de haver especial complexidade em inquérito criminal - quando ela é invocada os prazos duplicam. Todavia, mesmo com especial complexidade, a lei fixa um prazo, a que chamou máximo, de inquérito (artigo 276 do Código de Processo Penal). Este prazo tem, em qualquer circunstância e englobando já todas as especiais complexidades possíveis, um limite superior de 18 meses. O Processo Marquês dura há 45 meses e acaba de ser adiado pela sexta vez.

Prazos. A primeira pergunta a fazer talvez seja esta: em que área da justiça precisamos de mais segurança e de mais certeza jurídica? Julgo que não é preciso um excessivo espírito liberal para responder que é aquela em que está em causa a liberdade - a área penal. Aí, entre o indivíduo e o Estado, só há um poderoso: o que tem o monopólio do uso da força, o que pode prender e deter... e, sei-o agora, também insultar. Parece, então, legítimo perguntar por que que razão é esta a única área da justiça em que se pretende que os prazos - garantias da decência do Estado e dos direitos individuais - sejam, como dizem, indicativos? E, já agora, se são indicativos, eles indicam exatamente o quê? Mistério. Na verdade, nada indicam e nada valem porque a verdadeira intenção é justamente a de poder conduzir o inquérito sem respeitar prazo nenhum.

Prazos, de novo. Mas, afinal, porque é que estamos a discutir prazos? A resposta sabem-na todos, porque tudo isto tem decorrido à frente de todos: só estamos a discutir prazos porque o Ministério Público deteve, prendeu, promoveu ele próprio uma formidável campanha de difamação e, ao fim de quatro anos de inquérito, não apresentou nem as provas nem a acusação. Neste processo, o Ministério Público exibiu despudoradamente uma das especialidades que vem cultivando há décadas: promover covardemente - e criminosamente - campanhas de difamação nos jornais, por forma a transformar a presunção de inocência em presunção pública de culpabilidade. Não haver prazo nenhum ajuda a tal tarefa.

Prazos, ainda. Na verdade, nada disto tem que ver com nenhuma teoria da justiça ou com qualquer procura de arbitragem entre valores jurídicos de verdade material ou de direitos individuais - isto tem apenas que ver com poder. O poder do Ministério Público. Ao pretender que no inquérito penal não haja, na prática, prazos obrigatórios, o Ministério Público não está a interpretar a lei mas a mudar a lei. Acontece que essa é uma competência da Assembleia da República, não é dos senhores procuradores: esse poder não é legítimo, é usurpado.

Ouço por aí dois argumentos, ambos tão deploráveis, que não resisto a dizer, com a brevidade possível, alguma coisa sobre eles. O primeiro corre no essencial assim: bom, agora é que isto tem de ir até ao fim. Se a questão é a corrupção e a política, então tudo deve ser válido em nome desse combate, incluindo insultar, denegrir e humilhar quem está inocente. O que isto quer dizer é basicamente que, se violaram os meus direitos individuais, paciência, agora é preciso violá-los ainda um pouco mais. No fundo, a mesma e velha ideia de que os fins justificam os meios, como se a corrupção dos meios não corrompesse também os fins. O código penal que o Ministério Público está a usar no Processo Marquês não é o da República Portuguesa, mas o "código penal do inimigo." A sua lógica não é a do Estado de direito, mas a do conflito radical .

Outros dizem, piedosamente, que se deve respeitar a presunção de inocência mas que nem por isso deixam de ter as suas convicções. A presunção de inocência, portanto, como formalidade jurídica. Mas ela é muito mais do que isso, ela constitui um princípio moral estruturante das relações sociais numa comunidade decente. Os que assim procedem sabem bem o que estão a fazer e quem estão a ajudar - quem quer condenar sem julgamento e, já agora, condenar negando sequer o elementar direito a conhecer a acusação. Para isso, a inexistência de prazos é também muito conveniente.

O Processo Marquês nunca foi uma investigação a um crime, mas a perseguição a um alvo. Ele tem 45 meses de inquérito e, dizem, 32 funcionários a trabalhar, entre polícias e procuradores. Há muito que deixou de ser um inquérito para se transformar num departamento estatal de caça ao homem.
(José Sócrates - "O direito penal do inimigo". Daqui)

          Chris Hedges and Noam Chomsky: Requiem for the American Dream, Part 1 + Ralph Nader Interviews Noam Chomsky   
Dandelion Salad with Chris Hedges and Noam Chomsky RT America on Jul 1, 2017 On this week’s episode of On Contact, Chris Hedges travels to Cambridge, Massachusetts for a conversation with America’s most important intellectual, Professor Noam Chomsky. In Part I of their conversation, Chomsky discusses the adverse effects of neoliberalism on the working class, as […]
          Defiant Trump resumes attacks on 'Morning Joe' hosts, despite bipartisan criticism   

A defiant President Donald Trump resumed his attacks on MSNBC's "Morning Joe" co-hosts Joe Scarborough and Mika Brzezinski on Saturday morning, calling Scarborough "crazy" and Brzezinski "dumb as a rock," despite days of bipartisan criticism over his initial attacks on the pair earlier this week.

"Crazy Joe Scarborough and dumb as a rock Mika are not bad people, but their low rated show is dominated by their NBC bosses. Too bad!" Trump tweeted Saturday morning.

Republican and Democratic lawmakers rebuked Trump's attacks on the hosts Thursday after he slammed Brzezinski's intellect, questioned her sanity and mocked her appearance.

"I heard poorly rated @Morning_Joe speaks badly of me (don't watch anymore). Then how come low I.Q. Crazy Mika, along with Psycho Joe, came... to Mar-a-Lago 3 nights in a row around New Year's Eve, and insisted on joining me. She was bleeding badly from a face-lift. I said no!" Trump wrote in a series of tweets.

On Friday, Scarborough and Brzezinski responded to Trump's attacks with an opinion piece in The Washington Post titled "Donald Trump is not well."

"America's leaders and allies are asking themselves yet again whether this man is fit to be president," they wrote. "We have our doubts, but we are both certain that the man is not mentally equipped to continue watching our show, 'Morning Joe.'"

During their Friday "Morning Joe" broadcast, Scarborough and Brzezinski also accused Trump and his White House of using the possibility of a hit piece in the National Enquirer to threaten them and change their news coverage, to which Trump responded on Twitter by calling that accusation "FAKE NEWS. He called me to stop a National Enquirer article. I said no! Bad show."

But Scarborough said he has proof of White House threats earlier this year; he replied to Trump by tweeting, "Yet another lie. I have texts from your top aides and phone records."

A White House official suggested to CNN that nothing untoward occurred, saying Scarborough called Trump's son-in-law, Jared Kushner, about the Enquirer story before it was published. The official said Kushner told Scarborough to call the President. The official denied there was ever any offer from Kushner of a quid pro quo -- in other words, softer coverage in exchange for spiking the Enquirer story.

The White House did not return a request for comment on Trump's latest tweet on Saturday.

Deputy White House press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders defended Trump's initial attack at Thursday's White House press briefing, saying, "Look, the American people elected a fighter. They didn't elect somebody to sit back and do nothing." She added that Trump "fights fire with fire."

Sanders also said on Fox News that Trump was responding to liberal bullying when he tweeted about the MSNBC host.

"I don't think that the President's ever been someone who gets attacked and doesn't push back," she told the network Thursday. "There have been an outrageous number of personal attacks not just to him but people around him."

First lady Melania Trump also stood by her husband's remarks about the hosts.

"As the first lady has stated publicly in the past, when her husband gets attacked, he will punch back 10 times harder," the first lady's communications director, Stephanie Grisham, said in a statement to CNN on Thursday.

When asked about Trump's initial tweets during a House Republican news conference Thursday, House Speaker Paul Ryan responded, "Obviously I don't see that as an appropriate comment."

He added: "What we're trying to do around here is improve the tone, the civility of the debate. And this obviously doesn't help do that."

Other Republican lawmakers reacted by making public pleas to the President to stop the personal attacks.

"Please just stop. This isn't normal and it's beneath the dignity of your office," GOP Sen. Ben Sasse of Nebraska tweeted shortly after Trump launched into a tweetstorm about the show.

South Carolina Republican Sen. Lindsey Graham also tweeted Thursday: "Mr. President, your tweet was beneath the office and represents what is wrong with American politics, not the greatness of America."

Meanwhile, Democrats have capitalized on the feud, intensifying their attacks on the President and questioning his ability to lead. Democratic Rep. Jamie Raskin of Maryland, for example, urged his colleagues to get behind a bill that could potentially oust the President if he was mentally or physically unfit.

          Comment on Speed Shootout: Apple’s 2015 iMac vs. 2017 iMac by Liberal Arts   
Math is highly over rated. 😜
          Homosexuals have more fun!   
"Gay participants in several cities complained of an almost total absence of coverage of gay culture, events and interests...They're mostly good liberals down there (at the newspaper) and they try, but they are still pretty touchy about gay stories." --Haiman, Best Practices for Newspaper Journalists, pages 43-56 I thought these two quotes were pretty interesting because they reflect some of the difficulties with including diversity in newspapers, particularly with the gay community. Newspapers are supposed to be objective and unbiased, but it's "liberal" to include "gay stories"? The fact that people consider covering the gay community in a positive way is considered "liberal" is something that makes me very angry, but that may just be my politics. I don't believe it should be considered "political" to include stories about gay couples who have normal, monogamous lifestyles, but the fact that some people do may be what hinders newspapers from covering gay people in a comprehensive and fair manner. Because so much of the conservative rhetoric against gay marriage is aimed at inciting fear that gay people publicly acknowledging their relationships will destroy the moral framework of society, depicting the truth of many gay people's lives--happy, well-adjusted, and healthy lifestyles--goes against that rhetoric. Is that political? I would just call it fair and objective reporting. I don't think it should be called "liberal." There's nothing wrong with reporting on more "flamboyant" gay people, as the man from Portland on page 44 says, but when that's all the newspaper is covering, they're conforming to a stereotype that confirms some people's misguided beliefs about the gay community in general. The dilemma is that some people don't want to hear about the full complexity of these people's lives. It's not necessarily pushing one political agenda if you're objectively reporting facts that may change the conversation about a certain issue. As a reporter, you can't ignore them. That's why I think this is an area of reporting where newspapers need to be less afraid of what the readership will think in order to really get the truth out there.
          Dampak Perang Dingin   
Dampak perebutan pengaruh antara Amerika Serikat dengan Uni Soviet tampak pada:
    a.     Bidang Politik

    Amerika Serikat berusaha menjadikan negara-negara yang sedang berkembang menjadi negara demokrasi agar hak asasi manusia dapat dijamin. Bagi negara-negara yang sebelumnya kalah seperti Jerman dan Jepang berkembang pula kapitalisme selain demokrasi. Negara-negara tersebut dapat sehaluan dengan AS dan merupakan negara pengaruhnya.

    Uni Soviet dengan paham sosialis-kominunis mendengungkan pembangunan negara dengan Rencana Lima Tahun. Cara tersebut dilakukan dengan ditaktor bukan liberal. Bagi negara satelit (dibawah pengaruh) Uni Soviet yang melakukan penyimpangan akan ditindak keras oleh US seperti contohnya Polandia dan Hongaria. Demi kepentingan politik, ekonomi, dan militer kedua negara adikuasa tersebut menjalankan politik pecah belah sehingga beberapa negara menjadi terpecah seperti Korea, Vietnam, dan Jerman.

    b.     Bidang Ekonomi

    AS sebagai negara kreditor terbesar memberikan pinjaman atau bantuan ekonomi kepada negara-negara yang sedang berkembang berupa Marshall Plan. AS juga memberikan bantuan ”Grants in Aid” yaitu bantuan ekonomi dengan kewajiban mengembalikan berupa dollar atau dengan membeli barang-barang Amerika Serikat. Bagi negara-negara di Asia Presiden Truman mengeluarkan “The Four Points Program for the Economic Development in Asia” berupa teknik dalam wujud perlengkapan-perlengkapan ekonomis atau bantuan kredit yang berasal dari sektor swasta di Amerika Serikat yang disalurkan oleh pemerintah kepada negara-negara yang sedang berkembang.

    Dengan adanya perang dingin ini maka berbagai bentuk kerjasama yang saling menguntungkan antara Eropa Timur dan Eropa Barat tidak dapat terjalin. Kegiatan tersebut terhambat karena negara-negara Eropa merasa kawatir jika suatu saat wilayahnya akan dijadikan sasaran adu kekuatan oleh kedua negara adikuasa tersebut. Dampaknya perekonomian antara blok barat (negara-negara Eropa Barat) dan blok timur (negara-negara Eropa Timur) tidak seimbang dimana negara-negara blok barat jauh lebih maju daripada blok timur.

    c.     Bidang Militer

    Perebutan pengaruh antara AS dan US dalam pakta pertahanan. Negara-negara barat membentuk North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) tahun 1949 sebagai suatu organisasi pertahanan. Bila salah satu anggotanya diserang maka dianggap sebagai serangan terhadap NATO. Awalnya bermarkas di Paris tetapi kemudian Perancis keluar karena mengganggap NATO didominasi oleh AS dan markasnya berpindah di Brussel. Hubungan Perancis dengan Uni Soviet dan RRC jauh lebih baik jika dibandingkan hubungan dengan negara Barat lainnya meskipun Perancis tidak menjadi anggota Blok Timur.

    Di Asia Tenggara dibentuk South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) athun 1954 atas dasar South East Asia Collective Defence Treaty. Anggota utamanya adalah negara-negara barat sementara negara-negara di Asia Tenggara seperti Indonesia justru tidak ikut serta. Pakta pertahanan tersebut ditujukan terhadap komunis di Asia Tenggara khususnya di Vietnam. SEATO bubar pada tahun 1975.

    Sementara Uni Soviet dengan negara-negara blok Timur membentuk Pakta Warsawa (1955) atas dasar “Pact of Mutuaal Assistance and Unified Command”. Di Asia Tenggara Uni Soviet memberikan bantuan peralatan militer dan teknisi kepada Vietnam yang akhirnya dapat mendesak Amerika Serikat keluar dari negara tersebut(1975).

    d.    Bidang Ruang Angkasa

    Perang Dingin antara Amerika Serikat dan Uni Soviet membawa pengaruh terhadap penjelajahan ruang angkasa. Amerika Serikat dan Uni Soviet saling berebut menguasai ruang angkasa karena dunia dirasa terlalu sempit untuk diperebutkan.

    · Berawal dari upaya Uni Soviet meluncurkan pesawat Sputnik I dan Sputnik II yang ditandingi AS dengan meluncurkan pesawat Explorer I dan Explorer II, Discovere dan Vanguard.

    · Diikuti dengan usaha Uni Soviet untuk mendaratkan Lunik di bulan serta astronot pertamanya Yuri Gagarin dengan pesawat Vostok I yang berhasil mengitari bumi selama 108 menit. Sementara Amerika Serikat mengirim astronot pertamanya yaitu Alan Bartlett Shepard yang berada di luar angkasa selama 15 menit.

    · Uni Soviet menunjukkan kelebihannya dengan meluncurkan Gherman Stepanovich Titov yang mengitari bumi selama 25 jam dengan Vostok II. Disusul Amerika Serikat meluncurkan WSJohn H. Glenn dengan pesawat Friendship VII yang berhasil mengitari bumi sebanyak 3 kali.

              faktor Utama Perang Dingin   
    1.     Perbedaan Paham

    Amerika Serikat dan Uni Soviet sebagai pemenang Perang Dunia II memiliki paham/ ideologi yang berbeda Amerika Serikat memiliki ideologi liberal-kapitalis sedangkan Uni Soviet berideologi komunis. Paham Liberal-Kapitalis (AS) yang mengagungkan kebebasan individu yang memungkinkan kapitalisme berkembang dengan subur bertentangan dengan paham Sosialis-Komunis (US) yang berkeyakinan bahwa paham itu dapat lebih mempercepat kesejahteraan buruh maupun rakyatnya karena negara-negara yang mengendalikan perusahaan akan memanfaatkan keuntungannya untuk rakyat.

    2.     Keinginan untuk Berkuasa

    AS dan US mempunyai keinginan untuk menjadi penguasa di dunia dengan cara-cara yang baru. AS sebagai negara kreditor besar membantu negara-negara yang sedang berkembang berupa pinjaman modal untuk pembangunan dengan harapan bahwa rakyat yang makmur hidupnya dapat menjadi tempat pemasaran hasil industrinya dan dapat menjauhkan pengaruh sosialis komunis.

    Masyarakat miskin merupakan lahan subur bagi paham sosialis komunis. Uni Soviet yang mulai kuat ekonominya juga tidak mau kalah membantu perjuangan nasional berupa bantuan senjata atau tenaga ahli. Hal ini dilakukan untuk mempengaruhi negara-negara tersebut.

    3.     Berdirinya Pakta Pertahanan

    Guna mengatasi berbagai perbedaan yang ada dan kepentingan untuk dapat berkuasa maka negara-negara Eropa Barat dan Amerika Serikat mendirikan pakta pertahanan yang dikenal dengan nama NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) atau Organisasi Pertahanan Atlantik Utara. Sementara untuk mengimbangi kekuatan NATO pada tahun 1955 Uni Soviet mendirikan pakta pertahanan yaitu PAKTA WARSAWA. Anggota Pakta Warsawa yaitu Uni Soviet, Albania, Bulgaria, Cekoslowakia, Jerman Timur, Hongaria, Polandia, dan Rumania.

    Berdirinya kedua pakta tersebut menyebabkan muncul rasa saling curiga, ketidakpercayaan, dan kesalahpahaman antara kedua blok baik blok barat maupun blok timur. Amerika dituduh menjalankan politik imperialis untuk mempengaruhi dunia sementara Uni Soviet dianggap melakukan perluasan hegemoni atas negara-negara demokrasi melalui ideologi komunisme.

    Keadaan tersebut memicu ketegangan kian memuncak sehingga muncullah persaingan senjata di antara kedua belah pihak. Masing-masing pihak saling diliputi oleh suasana Perang Dingin yang bahkan mengarah pada terjadinya Perang Dunia III.

              Latar Belakang Perang Dunia II   

    Hal-hal yang melatarbelakangi terjadinya Perang Dunia II dapat digolongkan menjadi sebab umum dan sebab khusus.

    a. Sebab Umum
    Berikut ini sebab-sebab umum terjadinya Perang Dunia II.
    1) Pertentangan antara paham liberalisme dan totaliterisme. Liberalisme memberikan kebebasan bagi warga negaranya sedangkan totaliterisme mengekang kebebasan warga negara.
    2) Persekutuan mencari kawan.
    3) Semangat untuk membalas dendam (revanche idea) karena kekalahan dalam PD I.
    4) Perlombaan senjata antarnegara.
    5) Pertentangan antarnegara imperialis untuk memperebutkan daerah jajahan.
    6) Kegagalan Liga Bangsa-Bangsa dalam mewujudkan perdamaian dunia.

    b . Sebab Khusus ( casus bally bally)
    Sebab khusus Perang Dunia II terjadi di dua kawasan yaitu kawasan Eropa dan kawasan Asia Pasifik.
    Berikut ini sebab-sebab khusus terjadinya Perang Dunia II.

    1) Di kawasan Asia Pasifik, penyerbuan Jepang terhadap pangkalan Angkatan Laut Amerika Serikat di Pearl Harbour tanggal 7 Desember 1941.
    2) Di kawasan Eropa, serangan kilat (blitzkrieg) yang dilakukan Jerman atas Polandia pada tanggal 1 September 1939. Alasan penyerangan itu untuk merebut kembali kota Danzig (penduduknya bangsa Jerman). Dalam waktu singkat sebagian besar Polandia dikuasai Jerman.

    Uni Soviet yang merasa keamanannya terancam, segera menyerbu Polandia dari arah Timur. Pada tanggal 3 September 1939 Inggris dan Prancis menyatakan perang terhadap Jerman. Dalam perkembangannya melibatkan banyak negara.

              A positive vision to leave   
    For decades now, I have argued with people who suggested that it wasn't worth voting.  Same sh*t, different faces was the essence of their argument.  With the Brexit vote looming, and the possibility that we might not vote to leave, I have realised tonight that those people had a point. 

    Does it really matter who tells us to do what Brussels decides?  No.  Has Cameron stamped the imprint of distinctly Conservative policies on this nation?  No.  Has he changed the agenda from the liberal-left corporatist centrist lets-just-muddle-through-and-stay-in-power smile-for-the-camera machine politics that we have had since 1990?  No.  Does he even have the power to do that?  No, he's only the Prime Minister.  He doesn't have the authority to change the agenda, because he doesn't set it. 

    So let's vote for something positive on the 23rd.

    Let's vote to make our politics our own again.

    Let's vote to make Westminster meaningful again, to give it the chance to rise to the opportunity.

    Let's vote in favour of making voting worthwhile.  

    Let's vote to leave the EU.
              Some free advice for the Conservatives   
     Offered on the blog of my MP, Steve Baker, in response to his article arguing that the UKIP surge is actually a vote for disengagement with politics, pointing at the low turnout figure.  He comments:
    It is a tragic fact that politicians are once again talking to themselves while commentators encourage them to do so. We have failed to inspire the public even to throw us out.
    The challenge after this election is not how to defeat UKIP. It is how to speak truthfully, hopefully and realistically to a population thoroughly disenchanted with the entire political system.
    My response:

    You're right that there has been a strong shift towards not voting; this has been developing over several General Elections and is symptomatic of a general mistrust of politicians.  There is a cosy stalemate that has emerged between the media and senior politicians, whereby the media limit their questions to ones designed to catch politicians out and trip them into saying something that can be misinterpreted, and politicians avoid saying anything of any substance or meaning in reply.  Both tendencies reinforce the other.  Both lead to people switching off.

    UKIP have succeeded in tapping into this and presenting themselves as a break from the old order.  In that regard, by focusing on "gaffes" made by UKIP spokesmen or candidates, the traditional media have played into their hands by confirming that UKIP are not part of the club and that the Establishment is ganging up on them. 

    There are opportunities in this for the Conservatives, though.  Labour have shown themselves to be a failure (I think it has been quoted that no opposition party has ever not won a Euro election until now?), so the clear focus must now be on UKIP.  The question is, why have so many Conservative supporters left for UKIP?  My suggestion would be that a general mistrust of Cameron, a feeling that when the day comes he will wriggle out of the referendum promise, and a feeling that he is a highly experienced politician and "one of them", are the main reasons.

    To an extent, Cameron's shiftiness on policy has possibly been because he has been hamstrung by the constraints of coalition politics.  But now, with the Liberals effectively dead in the water and the EU staring at a clear mandate for a British exit if current terms are maintained, he can afford to strike out, say what he thinks, and maybe even do it.

    In his shoes, I would

    (a) Describe the exact form of EU that he would wish to see.  I for one don't actually know what that is.

    (b) Set. A. Date. For. The. Referendum.  Also, publish the question that will be set.  That way, it might look as if he is committed to it.

    (c) Go to Brussels and ask for his vision of Europe.  Explain bluntly that they can say "no" if they wish but it appears that the UK will leave if they do so.  Point out that there is now a hard, immovable deadline.

    (d) Don't be afraid to tell interviewers they've asked a stupid question, or one based on a truckload of false assumptions.  Stop being a Westminster pansy and speak up.  Don't let them dictate the terms of the interview.  The media are not your friends, stop treating them as such.  Show a little steel.

    I know of two Wycombe votes that may go back from UKIP to Conservative if this happens.
              Hello again!   
    So, what does it take to wake me from my blogging slumber? A broken aircon unit making work "impossible" (according to Labour MPs, how would they know??) certainly helps.  A Royal baby? No.  A move to make porn harder to find? Not as such.  A clear and blatant threat to civil liberties and freedom?  Yes.  Oh yes... yes... yes David... that does it for me David... yessss...

    Yes, I'm talking about David Cameron's latest step away from anything remotely resembling liberal free-market small-state politics, the "default-on" policy.  You immediately know that this is nasty, because it has a snappy appealing title.  A sweet sugary unobjectionable layer of spin to cover the illiberal and unpalatable inside.

    Now, this is being presented as so, so reasonable because we all know porn is nasty, that children should be kept away from it, that it incites some men to carry out appalling crimes, and that anything that stops child porn being disseminated must be a good thing, right? Sorry, no.  Those are the reasons that I've heard being thrown around today in support of this move, and I'll start by squashing them.  But first, I'll just clarify a few points before anyone decides to take the wrong impression of me.

    Nothing that I say here is in any way, shape or form in defence of or condoning violent pornography, non-consensual sex or film/images of it, or child pornography.  

    I have a young daughter, and the thought of any of these makes me feel physically ill.  Quite frankly, anyone who tried that with anyone that I know would find themselves being taken for a ride, cuffed to a towrope behind one of my cars. Yes, I'd go to jail for that.  No, I wouldn't care.

    So, with that out of the way, let's turn to the justifications for this policy:

    Porn is nasty

    Yes, it is.  But it is legal (in many variants, at least).  There are many things that I consider to be nasty but which are legal. Should we make everyone who wants to do anything I don't approve of apply to me and opt-in before they are allowed to?

    More pertinently, if the bar is not set at what Parliament says is legal, where is it to be set - and who sets it?

    Children should be kept away from it

    Yes, they should.  In fact, that is the law as it stands.  18-rated material is not to be shown to minors.

    So this is not a change to the law, merely a change to the process.  Therefore, it is valid for us to look at the process and see whether this will help - which it won't.  What it will do is make parents feel that the State and the ISPs are doing their job for them, and that they can therefore opt out because the filter is "default on".  Unless the husband/boyfriend/older son has quietly defaulted off, of course.  And provided that the filter is perfect and catches every nasty thing without making any mistakes.

    And that brings me to one of the really serious problems - filters are just awful.  We fitted a filter to our kid's PCs, one of the leading ones in fact.  They both hated it.  It blocked a wide variety of perfectly acceptable websites - I recall the moment when we sent our daughter to a clothes website, to choose some holiday outfits.  It blocked that, because of the large amount of lingerie that could be viewed there.  We were forever approving exceptions, which is a hassle when the security is set at a level intended to defeat a determined 17-year-old lad.  Whenever that defeated us, we had to listen to the "I can't do my homework because of the filter" rants. How easy is it going to be to request an exception when David Cameron's appointee holds the codes, instead of the householder?

    And yes, sites that their schools sent them to in order to do their homework triggered the block. That is how sensitive porn filters are.

    That it incites some men to carry out appalling crimes

    Not proven.  Sociologists have tried to prove this on numerous occasions and failed.

    In any case, the men concerned will just be able to ring their ISP and ask for the filter to be taken off.  Then they will be able to look at disgusting pictures to their heart's content and - if there is a causal link flowing in that direction - they will be incited to go off and do horrific things.  Just like before.

    Personally, my view is that the arrow of causation is in the opposite direction, that men who are willing and able to carry out such crimes will (along with many other men) be attracted to porn. But that is just my view and I have no evidence to support it.

    That anything that stops child porn being disseminated must be a good thing

    I'd agree with this (wholeheartedly), but disagree that this policy will achieve it.

    First, as noted above, it is a filter that can be turned off at will.  So those that want to bypass it, can, err, turn it off.

    Second, I have (literally) no idea how these images (etc) are circulated.  But I very much doubt that it is via a searchable database on the open Web.  I suspect that other protocols are used, that the servers are locked down and only accessible to validated users as opposed to the Google spiders.  So even on a "default-on" broadband connection, I reckon the access will be no harder than before.

    If you disagree, think through this.  To filter a site out, the authorities will need to know where it is and what it contains.  Child porn (etc) is already very illegal.  So if they know enough to filter it out, they should be shutting it down instead.  Ergo, if we assume that the illegal sites are being shut down in line with the current law, the filter will only block legal sites and will leave the illegal sites untouched.

    So that deals with the positive reasons for the policy.  What about the reasons why we shouldn't do this?

    First, there is the collateral damage.  I hinted at this above - my daughter being unable to choose an outfit for her holiday because the site also showed lingerie.  I can assure you that any filter will either be a waste of time (letting all sorts through) or will make your online life a nightmare.  If you don't believe me, if you think a filter can be written which works perfectly, then all I can say is go write it!  I'll patent it for you, in return for a slice of the royalties.  We will make a mint, because the perfect online filter is a prime example of a product that is in high demand but which does not exist.  Larry Page and Sergey Brin will look like losers next to us.

    It's not difficult to realise why.  How do you plan to filter it?  By hand? Impossible, too much volume, just YouTube gets uploads of something like 48 hours worth of video per minute.  So to check YouTube alone, you would need several thousand people working 8 hour shifts doing nothing but watching YouTube.  Multiply that by every site on the web, and you soon have most of the country sitting down all day checking for porn.  Perversely, that would actually make sure that at least someone watched all of the worst stuff.

    So you need automation.  It can look at the content or the words, or a combination of both.  If it looks for both, or for just the content, then people will publish text-only sites with links and instructions for accessing secure servers.  If it looks at the words, then this page and (say) @_millymoo's blog ( will be blocked immediately.  Neither are pornographic.  Both are laden with juicy keywords.

    So there is the first argument.  You are going to have to opt-in for porn in order to read this blog. OK, I know the easy answer to that is to question why you would ever want to read this again, but bear with me on this for a while:

    • This blogpost questions government policy.
    • The government policy in question would hinder your ability to read this blogpost and its questioning of the government policy.  

    If that doesn't scare you, then you need to do some thinking.

    You could start by thinking about who defines the content that is excluded, who has oversight over that, and who has the right to challenge it.  Because once porn is out, why should children be exposed to unpalatable extremist views - such as terrorist sympathisers, for example?  Or racists? Or smoking (we're thinking of the kids, remember)?  Or global warming deniers...?

    In fact, how would you propose to argue in support of people being able openly to promote illegal activity via the web?

    Promoting illegal activity such as, say, the right to do something that is currently proscribed?  Or, if I may re-word that, calling for the law to be changed.

    So there is the second objection; just as there is no clear bright line that a filter can use to detect porn, there is no clear bright line saying where this should stop.  

    And, in case you were wondering, there is an easy way to argue in support of people being able openly to promote illegal activity, by any medium.  It's here. Go read it.
              Historian and public intellectual Tony Judt, 1948 - 2010   
    Considered by many to be a giant in the intellectual world, Tony Judt died last month following a two-year fight with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Judt was in "the great tradition of the spectateur engagé, the politically engaged but independent and critical intellectual" (Timothy Garton Ash - ) "A historian of the very first order,a public intellectual of an old-fashioned kind and — in more ways than one — a very brave man" (Michael Elliott - TIME Magazine). We quote Tony Judt from two recent interviews:

    Tony Judt on courage among today’s politicians:

    Courage is always missing in politicians. It is like saying basketball players aren’t normally short. It isn’t a useful attribute. To be morally courageous is to say something different, which reduces your chances of winning an election. Courage is in a funny way more common in an old-fashioned sort of enlightened dictatorship than it is in a democracy. However, there is another factor. My generation has been catastrophic. I was born in 1948 so I am more or less the same age as George W. Bush, Bill Clinton, Hillary Clinton, Gerhard Schröder, Tony Blair and Gordon Brown – a pretty crappy generation, when you come to think of it, and many names could be added. It is a generation that grew up in the 1960s in Western Europe or in America, in a world of no hard choices, neither economic nor political. There were no wars they had to fight. They did not have to fight in the Vietnam War. They grew up believing that no matter what choice they made, there would be no disastrous consequences. The result is that whatever the differences of appearance, style and personality, these are people for whom making an unpopular choice is very hard.

    Someone once said: ‘But Blair’s choice to go to war in Iraq was unpopular with the majority of the population.’ I agree. But what Blair was doing was going for a different kind of popularity – he wanted to show his strength. To do this he had to do something unpopular, yet something that cost him nothing. Doing something unpopular that may cost you your job is much harder. The last generation in America with such courage was probably the generation of Lyndon Johnson. In a funny kind of way Thatcher, whom I certainly do not like, had courage. However, she fits the description of naive and idealistic; I don’t like her ideals, her naivety was a disaster, but it’s still a fair description. Today it is a criticism to describe a politician as idealistic. This is in a way a new phenomenon and it too is born from the fact that Europe has not been involved in wars that would demand the mobilisation of the whole population for over 60 years now. The last time there was such a sustained period of peace was probably the early Middle Ages. Traditionally leaders rose to power through wars or conquest. We have had six, seven generations of leaders who came to power exclusively by political manoeuvring, which is historically very unusual. It’s like inbreeding: there are no external inputs, no new kinds of people, only the political class breeding itself. This isn’t an argument in favour of war, just a historical fact.

    Tony Judt on what Europe can do to exert pressure on Israel:

    Israel wants two things more than anything else in the world. The first is American aid. This it has. As long as it continues to get American aid without conditions it can do stupid things for a very long time, damaging Palestinians and damaging Israel without running any risk. However, the second thing Israel wants is an economic relationship with Europe as a way to escape from the Middle East. The joke is that Jews spent a hundred years desperately trying to have a state in the Middle East. Now they spend all their time trying to get out of the Middle East. They don’t want to be there economically, culturally or politically – they don’t feel part of it and don’t want to be part of it. They want to be part of Europe and therefore it is here that the EU has enormous leverage. If the EU said: ‘So long as you break international laws, you can’t have the privileges of partial economic membership, you can’t have internal trading rights, you can’t be part of the EU market,’ this would be a huge issue in Israel, second only to losing American military aid. We don’t even have to talk about Gaza, just the Occupied Territories. Why do Europeans not do it? Here, the problem of blackmail is significant. And it is not even active blackmail but self-blackmail. When I talk about these things in Holland or in Germany, people say to me: ‘We couldn’t do that. Don’t forget, we are in Europe. Think of what we did to the Jews. We can’t use economic leverage against Israel. We can’t be a critic of Israel, we can’t use our strength as a huge economic actor to pressure the Jewish state. Why? Because of Auschwitz.’ I understand this argument very well. Many of my family were killed in Auschwitz. However, this is ridiculous. Europe can’t live indefinitely on the credit of someone else’s crimes to justify a state that creates and commits its own crimes. If Zionism is to succeed as a representation of the original ideas of the Zionist founders, Israel has to become a normal state. That was the idea. Israel should not be special because it is Jewish. Jews are to have a state just like everyone else has a state. It should have no more rights than Slovenia and no fewer. Therefore, it also has to behave like a state. It has to declare its frontiers, recognise international law, sign international treaties and agreements. Furthermore, other countries have to behave towards it the way they would towards any other state that broke those laws. Otherwise it is treated as special and Zionism as a project has failed. People will say: ‘Why are we picking on Israel? What about Libya? Yemen? Burma? China? All of which are much worse.’ Fine. But we are missing two things: first, Israel describes itself as a democracy and so it should be compared with democracies not with dictatorships; second, if Burma came to the EU and said, ‘It would be a huge advantage for us if we could have privileged trading rights with you,’ Europe would say: ‘First you have to release political prisoners, hold elections, open up your borders.’ We have to say the same things to Israel. Otherwise we are acknowledging that a Jewish state is an unusual thing – a weird, different thing that is not to be treated like every other state. It is the European bad conscience that is part of the problem. - two excerpts from The Way Things Are and How They Might Be, an interview with Kristina Božic from March 2010 published in the London Review of Books.

    Tony Judt on Democracy Democracy has always been a problem. The truly attractive features of the Western tradition that we accidentally—and it really is accidentally—get the benefit of are the rule of law, liberalism and tolerance, all of which are virtues inherited from predemocratic societies, whether they were based in eighteenth-century Anglo-American aristocratic individualism or nineteenth-century European forms of a type of developed postfeudal legal state. Democracy comes last. Democracy is simply a system of selection of people to rule over you. And it's not accidental that everyone is now a democrat. The Chinese are for democracy. George Bush was for democracy. The Burmese believe in it; they just call it something slightly different. South African whites believed in democracy; they just thought it should be arranged differently for blacks. Democracy is a dangerously empty term, and to the extent that it has substance, and the substance consists of allowing people to select freely how they live, the chance that they will choose to live badly is very high. The question is, What do we do now, in a world where, in the absence of liberal aristocracies, in the absence of social democratic elites whose authority people accept, you have people who genuinely believe, in the majority, that their interest consists of maximizing self-interest at someone else's expense? The answer is, Either you re-educate them in some form of public conversation or we will move toward what the ancient Greeks understood very well, which is that the closest system to democracy is popular authoritarianism. And that's the risk we run. Not a risk of a sort of ultra-individualism in a disaggregated society but of a kind of de facto authoritarianism. - from Talking With Tony Judt, an interview with Christine Smallwood from May 2010 published in The Nation.
              "Literature was another victim of the war": Miguel Delibes, 1920 - 2010   
    "I write what I hear," Miguel Delibes, the Spanish novelist, once said. After winning the country's foremost literary prize when he was just 27, for more than half a century Delibes's hauntingly stark, gritty prose style captured the essence of Spain's rural and provincial life, and earned the writer massive popular and critical acclaim.

    The author of 20 novels and over double that number of non-fiction works, Delibes's writing career effectively began with his wholly unexpected victory in the Nadal Prize in 1948 for his first novel, La sombra del ciprés es alargada. At the time a near-penniless journalist in his hometown of Valladolid, Delibes only discovered he had won as he was reading off the evening's dispatches on his newspaper's teleprinter.

    "The prize was a unique opportunity; [normally] you couldn't publish anything," Delibes said later. "In the years after the Civil War, Spain had been struck dumb. All the writers had either been killed, exiled or had fallen silent. Literature was another victim of the war."

    Slowly but surely, Delibes's unmistakeably concise, bleak writing helped rebuild Spain's literary legacy, both in the novels that appeared with unremitting regularity every two years, and in his five-year editorship of one of Spain's leading provincial newspapers El Norte de Castilla. "Journalism showed me how to put the maximum amount of information into the minimum number of words," Delibes said. As a liberal in Franco's dictatorship, journalism also showed him how to manipulate an apparently simple text so it would get past the censors with minimum interference... - from the obituary of Miguel Delibes by Alasdair Fotheringham published in the Independent.
              The beautiful brain of Sherman Alexie: War Dances wins 2010 Pen/Faulkner Award   
    Sherman Alexie has won the 2010 Pen/Faulkner Award for fiction for his book of short stories, essays and poems, War Dances. He is the first Native American author to win the prestigious prize.

    Are Indians pressured by the marketplace to write certain kinds of stories?

    It's the corn-pollen, four directions, eagle-feathers school of Native literature. People are more interested in our spirituality than anything else. Certainly, I've never received that kind of pressure because I never wrote that kind of stuff, but there are a lot of people out there selling their spirituality.

    What expectations do you encounter from readers?

    It's so funny -- because I'm a public Indian figure, people assume I have all these magical Indian powers, like I'm some sort of healer or shaman. That also extends to just being a writer in general -- I think people assume that just because somebody's good with metaphors, he's a better human being. It's not true. I'm just better with metaphors than 99 percent of the population, and that doesn't make me magical, it just makes me fairly smart.

    In your experience, do white Americans have a different sense of history -- both of events, and the significance of those events in contemporary culture -- than American Indians?

    White Americans have a short memory. This country really hasn't entered puberty yet -- white Americans' political thoughts are really young, and the culture is really young. The one general statement you can make about America is it's young, and wildly immature, and incredibly talented. Like some twelve-year-old kid who really pisses you off, because he's really good at everything and he knows it. What can be done to bring the U.S. from this immature point to maturity?

    I don't know. I'm one of those people who thinks that the world is getting better and better. I wouldn't want to be an Indian a hundred years ago -- somebody would be shooting at me. I wouldn't want to be a woman forty years ago, and I wouldn't want to be a black person twenty-five years ago. I think the world is getting better, and it's getting better because of liberal social policies. I don't think there has ever been a conservative social policy that helped anybody, except those who enacted it. I don't believe in any -ism particularly, I believe in fighting conservatism. Conservatives didn't want women to vote, didn't want Indians to become citizens.

    - an excerpt from an Atlantic Unbound interview with Jessica Chapel.


    After I got home with yogurt and turkey dogs and Cinnamon Toast Crunch and my brother-in-law left, I watched George Romero’s “Diary of the Dead,” and laughed at myself for choosing a movie that featured dozens of zombies getting shot in the head. When the movie was over, I called my wife, nine hours ahead in Italy. “I should come home,” she said. “No, I’m O.K.,” I said. “Come on, you’re in Rome. What are you seeing today?” “The Vatican.” “You can’t leave now. You have to go and steal something. It will be revenge for every Indian. Or maybe you can plant an eagle feather and claim that you just discovered Italy.” “I’m worried.” “Yeah, Catholicism has always worried me.” “Stop being funny. I should see if I can get Mom and me on a flight tonight.” “No, no, listen, your mom is old. This might be her last adventure. It might be your last adventure with her. Stay there. Say hi to the Pope for me. Tell him I like his shoes.” That night, my sons climbed into bed with me. We all slept curled around one another like sled dogs in a snowstorm. I woke, hour by hour, and touched my head and neck to see if they had changed shape—to feel if antennae were growing. Some insects hear with their antennae. Maybe that was what was happening to me.


    · Did you, when drunk, ever get behind the tattered wheel of a ’76 Ford three-speed van and somehow drive your family a thousand miles on an empty tank of gas? · Is it true that the only literary term that has any real meaning in the Native American world is “road movie”? · How many times, during any of your road trips, did your children ask you, “Are we there yet?” · In twenty-five words or less, please define “there.” · Sir, in your thirty-nine years as a parent you broke your children’s hearts, collectively and individually, six hundred and twelve times, and you did this without ever striking any human being in anger. Does this absence of physical violence make you a better man than you might otherwise have been? · Without using the words “man” or “good,” can you please define what it means to be a good man? · Do you think you will see angels before you die? Do you think angels will come to escort you to Heaven? As the angels are carrying you to Heaven, how many times will you ask, “Are we there yet?”


    After she returned from Italy, my wife climbed into bed with me. I felt as if I hadn’t slept comfortably in years. I said, “There was a rumor that I’d grown a tumor, but I killed it with humor.” “How long have you been waiting to tell me that one?” she asked. “Oh, probably since the first time some doctor put his fingers in my brain.” We made love. We fell asleep. But, agitated by the steroids, I woke at 2, 3, 4, and 5 A.M. The bed was killing my back, so I lay flat on the floor. I wasn’t going to die anytime soon, at least not because of my little friend Tumor, but that didn’t make me feel any more comfortable or comforted. I felt distant from the world—from my wife and my sons, from my mother and my siblings, from all my friends. I felt closest to those who’d always had fingers in their brains. I didn’t feel any closer to the world six months later, when another MRI revealed that my meningioma had not grown in size or changed its shape. “You’re looking good,” my doctor said. “How’s your hearing?” “I think I’ve got about ninety per cent of it back.” “Well, then, the steroids worked. Good.” And I didn’t feel any more intimate with the world nine months after that, when one more MRI made my doctor hypothesize that my meningioma might only be more scar tissue from the hydrocephalus. “Frankly,” he said, “your brain is beautiful.” “Thank you,” I said, though it was the oddest compliment I’d ever received. I wanted to call my father and tell him that a white man thought my brain was beautiful. But I couldn’t tell him anything. He was dead. I told my wife and my sons that I was O.K. I told my mother and my siblings. I told my friends. But none of them laughed as hard about my beautiful brain as I knew my father—the drunk bastard—would have.

    - three snippets from War Dances by Sherman Alexie.
              Konzernrecht bricht Verfassungsrecht   
    Freihandelsabkommen sind die neuen Verfassungen der Postdemokratie. Konzerne statt Menschen bestimmen die Regeln. Dieser Dreistigkeit neoliberaler Revolutionen muss endlich mit Verfassungsrechten Einhalt geboten werden.
              Grammar Mistakes That Aren’t   

    I’ve just nicely started reading a new language book and want to share some thoughts from it. Robert Lane Greene is a writer who lives in New York. Greene is a regular correspondent for The Economist and has published in The New York Times and many other well established periodicals so is well acquainted with modern English usage yet is no fan of prescriptionism. In his 2011 book You Are What You Speak: Grammar Grouches, Language Laws, and the Politics of Identity, Greene “pokes gentle fun” at linguistic sticklers.

    As Greene learned new languages (he speaks nine last count) he began to question English grammar rules. If Danes can end sentences with a preposition, why can’t the English?

    Here are some quotes from the Preface:

    I think flexibility, humility, and multilingualism should take the place of sticklerism, arrogance, and nationalism when we think about language.

    Language isn’t just rules and words, but communication.

    Greene warns about journalists or other writers who, because they know how to use language well, think they can write about language without doing their research. He compares this to a top athlete thinking he is a physiologist. Greene devotes several pages to humorist author Bill Bryson’s “facts” about English and other languages that, in fact, just aren’t so.

    Greene then takes umbrage with language sticklers, focusing on Lynne Truss in particular. The rally cry of her best-selling book “Eats, Shoots and Leaves” (2003) is “Stickler’s unite!”. Greene argues that her “fury on the decline of English punctuation and those who hasten it” is greatly “out of proportion to the crime”. As an example he quotes her pronouncement that those who misplace apostrophes “deserve to be struck by lightning, hacked up on the spot and buried in an unmarked grave.” Greene doesn’t seem to get her use of the British hyperbole. Later Truss demonstrates her appreciation of the Venetian printer Aldus Manutius (1450-1515) for standardizing Western punctuation by “absolutely kicking myself that I never volunteered to have his babies”. Perhaps Greene missed reading the Publisher’s Note to the American edition which ends “Please enjoy this narrative history of punctuation as it was meant to be enjoyed, bone-dry humour and cultural references intact…”

    Getting back to my post title, there are two types of “grammar mistakes that aren’t”. One type occurs when the critic misunderstands or misapplies grammar rules himself. An example might be saying that the sentence “Send a copy to Joe and me” should be “Send a copy to Joe and I”. The first sentence is correct; the “and I” rule applies to the subject not the object of a sentence. Such incorrect corrections can be either ignored or dealt with satisfactorily by reference to the actual rule.

    The second type, a few of which Greene tackles in his book, are grammar rules that shouldn’t be. Greene lists three bases for grammar rules:
    ·         clarity – does it make the meaning clearer?
    ·         literary tradition – is it used (or not) by great English writers, past and present?
    ·         purity – is it native to English or adopted from another language?

    I would argue that only the first is essential. Just because Milton or Shakespeare broke a grammar rule doesn’t make it obsolete. And a rule borrowed from another language, if it makes English easier and clearer, should be welcomed. Some grammar rules, however, fail all three. Here are some examples:

    Ending a sentence with a preposition
    This is a natural sentence structure. We all do it. But according to a grammar rule, we shouldn’t. (We aren’t supposed to start a sentence with “but” either; I’ll get to that in a minute). So where did the rule prohibiting this particular sentence structure come from? (Now doesn’t that sound better than “from where did the rule… come?)  Blame a 17th century poet, John Dryden, who liked to compose in Latin and then translate into English. Because one can’t end a Latin sentence with a preposition, Dryden stipulated that one shouldn’t in English either. His arbitrary rule was adopted by the writers of the first English grammar books in the 18th century and continues to influence writers to this day.

    Double Negatives
    Robert Lowth, who I discussed in my post of April 2, proclaimed that two negatives cancel each other. Thus “He don’t know nothing” must mean that he does know something rather than emphasizing his ignorance. While this rule has some basis in mathematical logic (-2 x -3 = +6) there is no reason that it has to apply to English. The use of double negatives for emphasis is common in certain dialects and everyday speech both historically (Chaucer and Shakespeare used it) and currently. Some languages like Spanish and Russian require the negative pronoun with a negative verb.

    Split infinitives
    The rule banning the insertion of words between the “to” and the rest of the verb in the infinitive tense is more modern, appearing in an anonymous article in 1834. The rule was adopted by grammarians and quickly became official. It likely originated from Latin and Greek where it is impossible because the infinitive form is one word. It completely fails the clarity test and has a long list of respected authors who ignore it – both historically (before the rule was invented) and afterwards (witness Star Trek’s “to boldly go...”). George Bernard Shaw verbally attacked an editor of a newspaper who had corrected his split infinitives calling him, among many other names, “a pedant, an ignoramus, an idiot…” and suggested he be replaced by an intelligent Newfoundlanddog. Ironically, Shaw’s character Henry Higgins in Pygmalion shows a complete intolerance of nonstandard speech when he tells Eliza Doolittle “A woman who utters such depressing and disgusting sounds has no right to be anywhere—no right to live.”

    The attitude towards these (and other) rules is changing. Henry Watson Fowler (1858-1933) in his 1926 book A Dictionary of Modern English Usage encouraged readers to ignore rules that didn’t make sense or which caused ambiguity. He freely gave license to split infinitives, to end sentences with prepositions, to begin sentences with “and” or “but”, and to use “none” with a plural verb (e.g. “none of us are going”).

    I agree that the first and third rule described above can be safely ignored. On the use of double negatives I’m not so sure. While the rule could have gone either way (that two negatives cancel or reinforce each other), one or the other should be standard. The use of double negatives was already in decline when Lowth’s rule was written, he just finished it off. For clarity sake, I would reserve a reinforcing double negative for dialogue in a dialect where it would not be unexpected (did you catch my double negative where the intent is to cancel?). One tip is the word “ain’t”; if someone says “she ain’t never comin' back” there’s no use waiting up for her.

    Fowler’s rather liberal English usage book was published in England which one would expect to be the bastion of prescriptionism. Meanwhile in freedom-loving America William Strunck Jr. and E.B. White published, in 1959  The Elements of Style, commonly referred to as “Strunk and White”. This book is full of picky little rules, many of which are quite arbitrary like Strunk’s ban on beginning a sentence with “however”. White added “hopefully” to the sentence-beginning ban list as in “Hopefully, I’ll do better tomorrow”. Greene argues that in this usage “hopefully” is a “sentence adverb”, and gives another example “Honestly, he’s a liar”. In Greene’s example, “honestly” obviously does not describe the person being talked about but modifies the rest of the sentence. If “honestly” is acceptable in this structure, why shouldn’t “hopefully” be?

    White’s inflexibility on the many rules in their book seems at odds with his beautiful quote on language change that I use in my blog heading. I suppose it illustrates the idea that language is very personal: “all changes to language are fine and acceptable – except for the ones I don’t like”.

              Almanya’da Protestan kilisesine bağlı binada açılan İbni Rüşd-Goethe Camisi’ne tepkiler çığ gibi büyüyor   
    Almanya’nın başkenti Berlin’de İslamiyet’i kendi sapık görüşlerine göre tahrif edip bir kilisede açılan sözde ‘liberal cami’ye Müslümanlardan ve STK’lardan sert tepkiler geldi. Hiçbir dine uymayan hareketlerin yapıldığı, ahlaki ilkenin tanınmadığı, kadın ve erkeklerin birlikte ibadet ettikleri mekana burka ve peçe takanların haricinde herkes alınıyor. Türkiye doğumlu kadın hakları aktivisti ve avukat Seyran Ateş’in öncülüğünde kurulan sözde camiye Sunni, Şii, Alevi, ateist, LGBT, kadın-erkek herkesin girebildiği ve başörtüsü takma zorunluluğunun olmaması sapkınlıklarını bir kez daha gözler önüne seriyor.
              Open Government Initiative   
    The federal Liberal government has recently released a party initiative designed to open up and add transparency to government. The Open Government Initiative will restore the long-form census reversing the unpopular move by the current Harper conservative government to cut the census make as many government datasets as possible available to the public starting with […]
              Reactie op is Thierry Baudet fascist? door jaas   
    Dit is zegmaar, waar men de fout in gaat, de klassieke drogredenering, dat 'als je tegen nazi's bent, ben je zelf een nazi, want je laat de nazi's niet eens hun zegje doen' Het probleem hiermee is, nazi's hebben geen mening, ze gebruiken geen argumenten en ze staan niet symbool voor de liberale dynamiek van vrije mening uiting. Nee, men staat alleen maar symbool voor geweld en onderdrukking. Men minacht zelf de rede, dus waarom zou het daar dan beroep op mogen doen ? Iemand die anti fascist is, is niet daarom zelf 'de fascist'. Nee, deze persoon doet aan zelfverdediging. Fascisten zijn de mensen die van alles kapot willen maken. De anti fascist, verzet zich daar slechts tegen. Dat maakt de anti-fascsit niet gelijk aan 'de fascist', wat FVD mensen dan beweren. Dit is slechts ademruimte geven voor de nazi's. Dit legitimeert het, heel voorzichtig, de nazi's winnen een millimeter aan terrein, doordat de NVU zo niet gehekeld wordt, door reguliere partijen. Je geeft ze een vinger en ze nemen de hele hand. Deze mensen dienen helemaal niet het parlementaire wezen binnen te treden, op deze manier.
              Radebe sticks to his NDP guns   
    Alliance partners regard it as a ‘liberal version of Gear’
              #138 Delitos habituales cometidos por los empresarios contra los trabajadores y que no sabes que son delito   

    #128 "crees que en la situacion actual segun está el empleo puedes pasar del empresario"

    No me voy a meter con una persona con hijos, o con alguien dependiente, que siempre podrás alegar que dejar tu trabajo es ponerlos en riesgo. Pero una persona joven si que puede pasar del empresario. No solo eso DEBE pasar. Si no pasa se está vendiendo e hipotecando su futuro. Si la empresa es una mierda te marchas. Si no encuentras otra mejor creas la tuya propia. Pero hacerse dependiente del empresario por miedo es lo más suicida que existe.

    "en estos tiempos,como acturias ante la posibilidad de quedarte sin nada."

    Ya estoy sin nada. Llevo sin nada desde hace 10 años. No tengo coche, ni casa propia, como lo justo, no salgo a comer fuera ni al cine, ni a bares, reutilizo la ropa más de 10 años. No compro mas que lo imprescindible... pero me estoy creando un futuro el día de mañana para no depender de un trabajo fijo ni estar con miedo al despido.

    "Yo tambien fui empresario y hace falta dinero y ahora más que nunca"

    Depende en que. Para programar no hace falta dinero. Para muchas profesiones liberales tampoco. Dame a cualqueir persona y te encuentro una actividad que le de dinero en el mundo empresarial sin inversión. Eso si, al principio dará menos que un empleo estable. Pero no dependerás de los tejemanejes del empleador de turno.

    » autor: --62492--

              America is not as divided as you might think — here's the proof - Business Insider   

    Business Insider

    America is not as divided as you might think — here's the proof
    Business Insider
    It was 13 years ago that a young senator from Illinois stood in front of the country and declared that "there's not a liberal America and a conservative America; there's the United States of America." Since that 2004 speech at the Democratic National ...

              Five B.C. New Democrats with cabinet potential   
    Premier-designate John Horgan has a group of political veterans to choose from for his New Democrat cabinet, a team that is bound to be tested by an experienced Liberal opposition. Here are five members who are likely to play major roles in Horgan’s government: Carole James: The first person Horgan hugged after the confidence vote […]
              Punks in the Age of Trump: John Waters on Oakland, Rebels, and the Burger Boogaloo   


    Every year on a small green called Mosswood Park just off the 580 in Oakland, punks descend upon the Burger Boogaloo music festival. It only lasts two days, but in that time, this municipal playground becomes a symphonic carnival for a wild, beautiful audience of outcasts and misfits. For two days, they pogo dance to a three-ring circus of legends – this year Iggy Pop is headlining, along with the Buzzcocks and X. And for two days, their ringmaster, who last year called himself the “Bob Hope from hell,” is John Waters.

    Yes, that John Waters. The Baltimore-hailing, kitsch-adoring, pencil-mustachioed, cult-flick auteur. He’s returning as master-of-ceremonies for the third year. But this year is different. Days before the Oakland Ghost Ship fire, there was a blaze at Mosswood Park that destroyed a building that housed a preschool (no one was hurt). And, oh yeah, Trump is president.

    FODOR’S: Will the political climate creep into the vibe of the Boogaloo?

    JOHN WATERS: Resist is now a term that the most liberal namby-pamby kind of earth mothers and granola crunchers say. But, this word Resist has always been a punk word. It's always been resisting everything. There’s probably even more reason to be angry and crazy and – rebellion – if there was ever an appropriate time for it, it is today.

    Do you think things will bubble over?

    I don't think they're gonna turn on each other. They're certainly not going to try to screw up the festival. As much as I have nostalgia for riots – I always had a great time with riots. You always got laid. There's not gonna be a riot there. Because a riot is against something. At Burger Boogaloo it’s a tribe, it's a cult, it's a family. They're all one people. They might go and attack a Renaissance Fair. But they're not gonna do it there.

    When you look out from the stage at the audience, who do you see?

    It's punks of all ages. It's from nouveau punks to punk nostalgia, which is pretty great to watch. I've always felt the most comfortable in the punk community, even more so than in the gay community because the punks have always been down-low gay anyway. Some of them I see are older. You never thought punks could be oldies but badies – not oldies but goodies. It's just exciting to see a grandmother pogo dancing as much as it is to see a 14-year-old kid being a punk for the first time. And you see them sometimes and you think, well a Mohawk isn't that new anymore. People get Mohawks in malls now. You can get blue hair at Rite-Aid. Things were so radical when that first came out – you got beat up or you beat them up every day on the street for looking like that.


    When you’re alone – driving or cooking or something – do you turn on punk music?

    I listen to outlaw country. But sometimes I listen to the punk rock station and I play punk rock, but not all the time … I listen to all kinds of music. I have like 4,000 songs and I switch shuffle and it could come up with opera or country or rock ‘n’ roll – everything. There's no real music I don't like. But, I try to keep up with the new ones. I have youth spies that I give poppers to and they tell me new groups. So, it's a fair trade.

    Are you familiar with all the bands that you’re introducing at this year’s Burger Boogaloo?

    Some of them I've never heard of and I don't know. That's what I like so much … But, I know John Doe and X. I've known Iggy for years. Iggy was in my movies. I've become friends with Shannon [Shaw, lead singer of Shannon and the Clams] and that gang. I am a fan really. At the same time I do my research. I try to speak to my audience and use the same kind of humor. I think I do know what punks think is funny. Though, I think probably being the oldest person there – I don't know – how old is Iggy? I don't know who's older. But he looks a lot better nude, I'll say that.

    After everything that’s happened in Oakland, what does this festival mean for the city?

    Oakland's had so many bad things happen this year… so, I think it's even more important to have something [like Burger Boogaloo] that works so well in Oakland… But, I don't live in Oakland, so I don't want to feel like I know a lot about [the city]. I know they hate it when people say it's the Brooklyn of the Bay Area. No, it isn't. It's the Baltimore of the Bay Area. And I mean that as a compliment. 

    The Details

    Burger Boogaloo
    July 1 & 2, 2017
    Mosswood Park
    Oakland, CA

              All Things (ObamaCare) Fall Apart   

    The hits just keep coming for President Obama’s beleaguered health care reform law. If you’ve had trouble keeping up with all of the bad news surrounding ObamaCare, I don’t blame you. For the sake of convenience, let’s take a look at some of this news and then consider the “big picture” for the floundering Affordable Care Act.

    Health Insurance “Exchanges”

    We’ll begin with the health insurance “exchanges,” which are the primary mechanism by which ObamaCare distributes massive government subsidies to private health insurance companies. These “exchanges” feature only government regulated and approved insurance plans, from which consumers are allowed to choose. When writing the law, Congressional Democrats and the White House left the dirty work of setting up these expensive, complicated “exchanges” to the states.

    After a majority of states flatly refused to comply with this unfunded mandate, the Obama administration started scrambling to set up dozens of “exchanges” by itself. At the same time, the federal government is also burdened with the cost of conducting a massive public relations outreach campaign for ObamaCare, which remains unpopular with more than half of Americans. Compliant states are also struggling to implement their “exchanges,” with Idaho official Stephen Weeg acknowledging that the state bureaucracy will need to “beg, borrow, and steal” in order to get its “exchange” operational by the October 1st start date for enrollment.

    The federal Department of Health and Human Services even broke ObamaCare’s own rules by approving Utah’s unique “dual exchange” system. It is clear that the Obama administration is becoming desperate to salvage its crumbling law by any means necessary. By the way, even if these “exchanges” are actually set up according to design, some of the nation’s largest insurance companies are still expressing reluctance to provide coverage plans for them in the first place. Perhaps private insurers do not find the idea of entering such government dominated “exchanges” an attractive prospect, after all?


    Lawsuits continue to plague ObamaCare, as well. Earlier this month, a group of small business owners sued the federal government on the grounds that the text of the ObamaCare law does not authorize the government to issue subsidies to private insurance companies in those states with federally-run health insurance “exchanges.”

    The Pacific Legal Foundation filed a separate lawsuit that uses Supreme Court Chief Justice John Roberts’ flimsy defense of ObamaCare’s individual mandate as a “tax” against the law. Revenue-raising bills, such as taxes, must originate in the House of Representatives in order to be constitutional, but the final version of ObamaCare began in the Senate. This is just a small sampling of the growing number of lawsuits brought against ObamaCare so far.

    Medicaid Expansion

    ObamaCare’s Medicaid expansion isn’t exactly going to plan, either. The law offers full funding for the first few years for those states that expand their Medicaid programs, and then promises 90% of the funding for future years. However, there is no guarantee behind that money, and truthfully, the federal government cannot afford to hold up its end of that bargain for very long.

    Once that happens, state legislatures across the country will get stuck with the tab for Medicaid expansion, which will crowd out other state budgetary priorities such as education and infrastructure. As a result, many governors are refusing to take such a risky deal. Even Missouri, which has Democratic Governor Jay Nixon, is turning down Medicaid expansion due to resistance from the state legislature.

    A recent study published in The New England Journal of Medicine casts doubt on the belief that Medicaid expansion is even a good idea. After Oregon expanded its Medicaid program in 2008, researchers found that, “…Medicaid coverage generated no significant improvements in measured physical health outcomes” in the first two years following the expansion. To be fair, the study did discern some positive secondary effects from the expansion, but the primary purpose of Medicaid is to improve health care outcomes for low-income Americans. If the program is not accomplishing that end, then something is seriously wrong with the program, and further expansion through ObamaCare isn’t the solution.


    HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius is charged with leading the ObamaCare implementation effort, but it is clear that she is not up to the (potentially impossible) task. As POLITICO’s David Nather put it, “Obamacare fires are flaring up all over.” Unpopular policy and muddled messaging are hampering outreach efforts by the Obama administration, which leads Reuters’ David Morgan to question how many people will even sign up for insurance coverage under the law. After all, the law assumes that many uninsured but healthy Americans will enroll for coverage, and that these citizens will provide the necessary revenue to allow private insurance companies to comply with ObamaCare’s many costly mandates. If that assumption proves false, then the law is in serious danger of systemic failure. 

    The need to boost awareness for enrollment efforts is leading President Obama and Secretary Sebelius to take extreme measures. Speaking to Planned Parenthood, President Obama pleaded with the controversial organization to spread the word about enrollment on his behalf. Secretary Sebelius is personally begging health care industry leaders to donate funds for the implementation efforts. Of course, HHS denies that there is anything improper with such solicitation attempts. Fearing the impact that a complete ObamaCare meltdown would have on their industry, some private insurers are reluctantly stepping into the breach to help with the outreach efforts.

    The "Big Picture"

    So, what’s the “big picture?” Senator Max Baucus (D-MT), one of the law’s chief architects, recently admitted that ObamaCare is starting to resemble a “huge train wreck.” Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) fully agreed and asked for additional funding to implement the unpopular law. Remember, this is the same law that the Government Accountability Office recently stated would add $6.2 trillion to the long-term deficit, assuming that some unpopular cost-containing measures are phased out after 2019. According to Senator Reid, this law apparently needs even more money in order to function even somewhat adequately.

    Why would Senators Baucus and Reid feel so pessimistic for ObamaCare? If you ask progressive Washington Post columnist Ezra Klein, he’ll tell you that the problem is (of course) Republicans. In summary, he argues that if only Republicans would keep shoveling money into the admittedly “unwieldy” law, then it wouldn’t have all of these problems! Mr. Klein, why would conservatives who oppose deficit spending and ObamaCare agree to increase the size of both? Was this really the Democratic plan all along? Why would you ever think that that would work?

    By the way, Senators Baucus and Reid aren’t the only Democrats worried now that they’re seeing ObamaCare in action. Representative Jackie Speier (D-CA) recently acknowledged during a House subcommittee hearing that the Affordable Care Act “does not address [cost containment].” Senator Tom Harkin (D-IA) criticized the Obama administration for “raiding the Public Health and Prevention Fund” in order to advertise for ObamaCare. For his part, Senator Ben Cardin (D-MD) is worried that the law is causing insurance companies to hike premiums, and Senator Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH) fears that businesses still do not know how to comply with the complex law and that some will cut employees’ hours to reduce compliance costs. Failed South Carolina Democratic candidate, Elizabeth Colbert Busch, summed up all of these complains when she labeled the law “extremely problematic.”

    In 2010, then-Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi (D-CA) demanded that Congress pass ObamaCare despite intense opposition. She infamously argued that, “…We have to pass the bill so that you can find out what is in it.” More than three years later, we now know all too well what is in ObamaCare: disaster. Unfortunately, that is the “big picture” for ObamaCare.

              A seleção de um professor instala o caos em Zurique   
    Em 26 de janeiro de 1839, o Conselho de Educação de Zurique se reuniu para decidir sobre a seleção de um novo professor para a cátedra de Teologia da universidade. O conselho estava totalmente divido. A ala dos liberais queria que David Friedrich Strauss ocupasse a vaga, pois achavam que ele, 300 anos depois da Reforma, traria uma renovação para a Igreja. A ala conservadora não considerava este cidadão alemão, de 31 anos, apto para o cargo. Em sua obra "A Vida de Jesus, uma revisão crítica", além de fazer uma distinção minuciosa entre a figura histórica de Jesus de Nazaré e a do Cristo, como uma figura da Fé, ele ainda declarava que as histórias da Bíblia eram todas, sem tirar nem pôr, relatos míticos. Após uma reunião muito conturbada, os votos ficaram empatados em sete a sete, e o prefeito, Conrad Melchior Hirzel, em sua função como chefe do Conselho de Educação da cidade, daria o voto decisivo. O voto do prefeito, como registra no dia seguinte o jornal liberal Neuen Zürcher ...
              Líder de direita ataca aposentados no exterior   
    Uma proposta de redução das pensões de velhice para os beneficiários que vivem fora da Suíça causou um alvoroço público. O debate sobre a reforma da aposentadoria promete gerar bastante polêmica. O sistema de aposentadoria da Suíça está sob pressão: o número de beneficiários continua crescendo, mas há menos contribuintes, causando o risco de um grave déficit. A proposta de reduzir as pensões das pessoas que vivem no exterior vem de Petra Gössi, líder do Partido Liberal Radical, um dos principais partidos políticos da Suíça. A decisão não só afetaria os 360 mil trabalhadores da Itália, Espanha e Portugal que passaram boa parte de suas vidas ativas na Suíça, geralmente em empregos mal remunerados, e voltaram para seus países de origem para passar a aposentadoria, mas também a comunidade suíça no exterior. "Os aposentados que vivem no exterior não criam valor. Eles não pagam impostos nem gastam dinheiro na Suíça", declarou Petra Gössi. "Nós lhes demos uma mão dourada e as ...
              American Libertarianism: A History   

    The American Libertarian Party regularly runs candidates, who almost never get get elected to anything for the very good reason that the electorate quite sensibly hates their ideas. This might persuade some that libertarian influence in the US is slight - but they would be very wrong. After the failure of the Koch brothers first big push into Libertarian politics, with David Koch as Vice Presidential candidate, they decided that covert action and subversion was a more promising tactic. The result was the creation of a vast network of "academic" centers and "think" tanks devoted to libertarian propaganda, plus a highly successful effort to take over the Republican Party.

    has written a history of the American libertarian movement and its record.

    Here is a sample, concerning economist James McGill Buchanan's strategic plan for fighting desegregation in the South. MacLean, Nancy. Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America (p. xiii). Penguin Publishing Group. Kindle Edition. :

    Find the resources, he proposed to Darden, for me to create a new center on the campus of the University of Virginia, and I will use this center to create a new school of political economy and social philosophy. It would be an academic center, rigorously so, but one with a quiet political agenda: to defeat the “perverted form” of liberalism that sought to destroy their way of life, “a social order,” as he described it, “built on individual liberty,” a term with its own coded meaning but one that Darden surely understood.

    The center, Buchanan promised, would train “a line of new thinkers” in how to argue against those seeking to impose an “increasing role of government in economic and social life.”1 He could win this war, and he would do it with ideas. While it is hard for most of us today to imagine how Buchanan or Darden or any other reasonable, rational human being saw the racially segregated Virginia of the 1950s as a society built on “the rights of the individual,” no matter how that term was defined, it is not hard to see why the Brown decision created a sense of grave risk among those who did.2 Buchanan fully understood the scale of the challenge he was undertaking and promised no immediate results. But he made clear that he would devote himself passionately to this cause.

    Some may argue that while Darden fulfilled his part—he found the money to establish this center—he never got much in return. Buchanan’s team had no discernible success in decreasing the federal government’s pressure on the South all the way through the 1960s and ’70s. But take a longer view—follow the story forward to the second decade of the twenty-first century—and a different picture emerges, one that is both a testament to Buchanan’s intellectual powers and, at the same time, the utterly chilling story of the ideological origins of the single most powerful and least understood threat to democracy today: the attempt by the billionaire-backed radical right to undo democratic governance.

    MacLean, Nancy. Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right's Stealth Plan for America (pp. xiv-xv). Penguin Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

              Top Ten Stupidest Moral Guardian Moments   
    If you ever thought the social justice warriors were bad, think again. Moral guardians make them look like petty activists in comparison. The moral guardians are extremely annoying, often religious wingnuts (but sometimes even liberal, but that's rare and would more fit under social justice warrior) who deem that a work of media (video games, music, television shows, etc.) to be damaging to society, especially their main focus - Children. Some of the things they've tried to ban are rock and metal music, depictions of Satanism/Gothic/irreligious content, stereotypes, intercourse, curse words, violence, "any difference to same" (read:LGBT) relations, the pig (in Malaysia/Indonesia) and so forth. Unlike most social justice warriors, however, they actually work their plans... by complaining to organizations like the PTC, PTA, FCC, or any other media watchdog group, sometimes using heavily biased methods and making nonsensical or thin views about why what they dislike are bad. I'm not making these up, obviously. You can find them everywhere on corners of the internet (especially mother groups), but TVTropes page on "Moral Guardians" is a good place. I won't be including events about video games, mostly violence, apart from a select few, because it would take a lot of time talking about, and even if I'm trying to make this long, I'm only detailing events that could bring out the stupidity in these people.
              The Best of Brought To Life - 420   
    1. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Race Against Time'
    'Leather, Bristles, Studs And Acne' - Clay MLP - UK -1981
    Well, I went long enough without posting it, so here it finally is.
    2. THE HAEMORRHOIDS - 'How Can I Love You (If You Won't Take Off Your Pants)'
    'S/T' - Rektum 7" - UK - 1982
    Hilarious. I must dig out their first album . . .
    3. MURPHY'S LAW - 'Murphy's Law'
    'S/T' - Profile LP - USA - 1986
    Was never much fussed on this lot, bar a couple of tracks.
    4. THE TOURS - 'Don't Stay Home'
    Demo - UK - 1979
    Available on the 'Album Of The Year... (That Never Was)' CD.
    5. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Knife Edge'
    'Leather, Bristles, Studs And Acne' - Clay MLP - UK -1981
    6. THE DIK VAN DYKES - 'Curling'
    'Nobody Likes The Dik Van Dykes' - Og Music LP - Canada - 1987
    From the first of two albums they did.
    7. EXHIBIT A - 'In The Night'
    'No Elephants This Side Of Watford Gap' - Irrelevant Wombat 7" - UK - 1979
    Another great little obscurity that I know you all love.
    8. NOFX - 'I Live In A Cake'
    'Liberal Animation' - Wassail LP - USA - 1988
    9. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Lycanthropy'
    'Leather, Bristles, Studs And Acne' - Clay MLP - UK -1981
    10. MURPHY'S LAW - 'Ska Song'
    'Back With A Bong' - Profile LP - USA - 1989
    11. THE TOURS - 'Can't Get Through'
    Demo - UK - 1979
    12. DIRTY LOVERS - 'Shanty Tramp'
    Single - Dog Meat 7" - Australia - 1990
    Time for a bit of balls-out garage rock.
    13. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Necrophilia'
    'Leather, Bristles, Studs And Acne' - Clay MLP - UK -1981
    14. THE HAEMORRHOIDS - 'Hazel'
    'S/T' - Rektum 7" - UK - 1982
    15. EXHIBIT A - 'Distance'
    Single - Irrelevat Wombat 7" - UK - 1980
    Yes, there was a second 7" too!
    16. NOFX - 'No Problems'
    'Liberal Animation' - Wassail LP - USA - 1988
    17. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Self Destruct'
    On flipside of 'No Survivors' - Clay 7" - UK - 1982
    18. MURPHY'S LAW - 'Sit Home And Rot'
    'S/T' - Profile LP - USA - 1986
    19. THE TOURS - 'I Lose Control'
    Demo - UK - 1979
    20. EXHIBIT A - 'Fame And Fortune'
    'No Elephants This Side Of Watford Gap' - Irrelevant Wombat 7" - UK - 1979
    21. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Big Women'
    On flipside of 'No Survivors' - Clay 7" - UK - 1982
    22. DIRTY LOVERS - 'All I Want'
    Flipside of 'Teenage Love Bomb' - In The Red 7" - Australia - 1991
    23. THE DIK VAN DYKES - 'Pterodactyl'
    'Nobody Likes The Dik Van Dykes' - Og Music LP - Canada - 1987
    24. NOFX - 'Rafters'
    Demo - USA - 1984
    25. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Slit Your Own Throat'
    On flipside of 'Sick Boy' - Clay 7" - UK - 1982
    26. THE HAEMORRHOIDS - '(Don't Wanna Die A) Celibate'
    'S/T' - Rektum 7" - UK - 1982
    27. MURPHY'S LAW - 'Crucial Bar-B-Q'
    'S/T' - Profile LP - USA - 1986
    28. THE TOURS - 'Bitter And Twisted'
    Demo - UK - 1979
    29. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Am I Dead Yet?'
    On flipside of 'Sick Boy' - Clay 7" - UK - 1982
    30. EXHIBIT A - 'Digital Age'
    'No Elephants This Side Of Watford Gap' - Irrelevant Wombat 7" - UK - 1979
    31. MURPHY'S LAW - 'California Pipeline'
    'Bong Blast' - Spliff cassette - USA - 1983
    32. THE TOURS - 'The Last One'
    Demo - UK - 1979
    33. (CHARGED) G.B.H. - 'Freak'
    'Leather, Bristles, Studs And Acne' - Clay MLP - UK -1981

              [various] Vote Greens Maybe   
    I have had the parodies of the Call me maybe song in my head again today (the Orica Green edge one was brilliant and there are some inspired versions out there). This had me thinking of different lyrics, maybe something to suggest people vote Green this Saturday for a better and fairer Australia.

    Vote Green Maybe
    I threw a wish in the well
    For a better Australia today
    I looked at our leaders today
    And now they're in our way
    I'll not trade my freedom for them
    All our dollars and cents to the rich
    I wasn't looking for this
    But now they're in our way
    Our democracy is squandered
    Broken promises
    Lies everywhere
    Hot nights
    Winds are blowing
    Freak weather events, climate change
    Hey I get to vote soon
    And this isn't crazy
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    It's hard to look at our future 
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    Hey I get to vote soon
    And this isn't crazy
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    And all the major parties
    Try to shut us up
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    Liberal and Labor think they should rule
    I take no time saying they fail
    They gave us nothing at all
    And now they're in our way
    I beg for a fairer Australia
    At first sight our policies are real
    I didn't know if you read them
    But it's the Greens way  
    Your vote can fix things
    Healthier people
    Childrens education
    Fairer policies
    A change is coming
    Where you think you're voting, Greens?
    Hey I get to vote soon
    And this isn't crazy
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    It's worth a look to a brighter future
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    Before this change in our lives
    I see children in detention
    I see humans fleeing horrors
    I see them locked up and mistreated
    Before this change in our lives
    I see a way to fix this
    And you should know that
    Voting Green can help fix this, Green, Green, Green...
    It's bright to look at our future 
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    Hey I get to vote soon
    And this isn't crazy
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    And all the major parties
    Try to shut us up
    But here's my idea
    So vote Greens maybe
    Before this change in our lives
    I see children in detention
    I see humans fleeing horrors
    I see them locked up and mistreated
    Before this change in our lives
    I see a way to fix this
    And you should know that
    So vote Green Saturday
    Call Me Maybe (Carly Rae Jepsen)
    I threw a wish in the well
    Don't ask me I'll never tell
    I looked at you as it fell
    And now you're in my way
    I trade my soul for a wish
    Pennies and dimes for a kiss
    I wasn't looking for this
    But now you're in my way
    Your stare was holding
    Ripped jeans
    Skin was showing
    Hot night
    Wind was blowing
    Where you think you're going baby?
    Hey I just met you
    And this is crazy
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    It's hard to look right at you baby
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    Hey I just met you
    And this is crazy
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    And all the other boys
    Try to chase me
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    You took your time with the call
    I took no time with the fall
    You gave me nothing at all
    But still you're in my way
    I beg and borrow and steal
    At first sight and it's real
    I didn't know I would feel it
    But it's in my way
    Your stare was holding
    Ripped jeans
    Skin was showing
    Hot night
    Wind was blowing
    Where you think you're going baby?
    Hey I just met you
    And this is crazy
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    It's hard to look right at you baby
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    Before you came into my life
    I missed you so bad
    I missed you so bad
    I missed you so so bad
    Before you came into my life
    I missed you so bad
    And you should know that
    I missed you so so bad, bad, bad, bad....
    It's hard to look right at you baby
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    Hey I just met you
    And this is crazy
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    And all the other boys
    Try to chase me
    But here's my number
    So call me maybe
    Before you came into my life
    I missed you so bad
    I missed you so bad
    I missed you so so bad
    Before you came into my life
    I missed you so bad
    And you should know that
    So call me, maybe

              A winning combination for a career in health   
    Athletic trainers

    Preparing tomorrow’s medical professionals takes place in many areas on the Gettysburg College campus and for three student-athletes - Ronnie Bridges ’17, Genie Lavanant ’17, and Chase Stopyra ’17 - the combination of working in the athletic training room and majoring in health sciences has opened the door to careers in medicine.

    “There’s a long tradition here at Gettysburg College of students gaining hands-on experience with our athletic trainers,” said Associate Professor Dr. Dan Drury. “There are few other places on campus that provide such a rich and immersive experience that seamlessly compliments one’s academic field of study.”

    According to Head Athletic Trainer Mike Cantele ’88, about three-quarters of the students who help out in the athletic training room go into the medical profession.

    “Our students’ desires to go to graduate school has put more of an emphasis on us to become teachers inside the athletic training room,” said Cantele.

    College athletes can suffer from a plethora of ailments, ranging from muscle pulls and tears to broken bones and concussions. Working in the athletic training room has given the three student-athletes added perspective when it comes to those injuries.

    “I think the athletic trainers have helped me realize there is much more to athletic training than water, heat, or electrical muscle stimulation,” said Lavanant, who played four seasons as a catcher on the softball team. “The biggest thing I learned is you have to see the person as a whole and not just an injury.”

    Earlier this spring, Bridges, who competed as a goalie on the field hockey team, was covering a shift for a fellow co-worker and in came Cantele with an injured athlete. Cantele wasted no time in calling Bridges over to help assess the injury.

    “Mike brought her in and did the ACL test and then did it again and asked me if I saw what happened,” recalled Bridges. “You could just see there was nothing holding her knee together.”

    While receiving first-hand experience in the athletic training room, the students have built a strong foundation of knowledge about human health through health sciences. Gettysburg offers both Bachelor of Science and Bachelor of Arts degrees in the major.

    “The health sciences majors are very unique among those traditionally found at liberal arts institutions,” noted Drury. “Many schools will have a course or two related specifically to human health, but Gettysburg College has an entire department full of professors specifically trained to teach our students about a variety of topics pertaining to human health and disease.”

    The Department of Health Sciences holds the distinction of being the most popular major among student-athletes at Gettysburg. On top of that, the department sends out more interns every year than any other department on campus, which allows students to apply knowledge learned in the classroom to real world settings.

    Stopyra, Bridges, and Lavanant all completed internships last summer. Stopyra worked with an orthopedic surgeon in San Diego, while Bridges worked with an athletic trainer for the Baltimore Red Birds, a collegiate baseball league for aspiring professional prospects. Lavanant totaled over 200 hours helping the Gettysburg athletic trainers cover the myriad of camps hosted by the institution last July and August.

    Carrying a full course load, being involved in internships, working in the athletic training room, and competing as student-athletes have certainly presented challenges, but these three student-athletes have persevered and are more than ready to tackle the next adventure thanks to the experiences they’ve had at Gettysburg.

    “There’s going to be times where you’re going to be working so hard you’re going to feel like you’re down and out,” said Stopyra, who was named the Centennial Conference Pitcher of the Year this spring. “That’s good because it builds you up and makes you strong. I think Gettysburg prepared me for the real world and it has made me stronger as a person, both physically and spiritually.”

    Genie Lavanant at the Dickinson football game Bridges, Lavanant, and Stopyra received their degrees in May and are already planning their next steps. Bridges and Lavanant are both seeking master’s degrees and certification in athletic training, the former at the University of Tennessee-Chattanooga and the latter at Seton Hall University. Stopyra is headed to the Rutgers School of Health Professions in Stratford, New Jersey, to earn his doctorate in physical therapy.

    “It’s very rewarding when they get into grad school and even more rewarding when they graduate and go out to the field and become leaders,” said Cantele. “It reiterates what we’re doing to prepare students for successful careers.”

              Marketing vs. science: Applying the same process to a different set of questions   

    At Gettysburg, a liberal arts degree can translate to a variety of careers, regardless of what you decide to major in.

    Laura GambinoExample: Laura Gambino ’14. When Gambino graduated from Gettysburg with a degree in biology, she was originally interested in pursuing ecological research, inspired in part by a vertebrate zoology class she took junior year and a summer field experience at Hawk Mountain Sanctuary. She decided to pursue a master’s degree in applied ecology from Stony Brook University, which she completed last year. Then, she switched gears. “I was looking for a career where I could continue to grow my [data science] skills,” she said.

    After graduating from Stony Brook, Gambino completed a market research fellowship at AOL. Now, Gambino has a position at Omnicom Media Group, a marketing and advertising agency, as Senior Analyst on their Primary Research and Insights team in New York City. Gambino is using her data science skills to collect and analyze data to inform marketing strategies and advertising.

    “I’ve really been enjoying it,” she said. “It’s a new and different challenge.”

    Gambino discovered that marketing flexes muscles similar to the ones she used for scientific research. She completed several science projects over the years. In high school, she conducted research on protecting wild and captive clam populations with Dr. Bassem Allam at Stony Brook, where she’d eventually attend graduate school. The following summer, Gambino continued working in Allam’s lab, studying the immune response to disease in oysters. That experience led to Gambino co-authoring a published paper. In graduate school, Gambino’s research centered on creating data models to understand hummingbird migratory patterns, working with Dr. Laura Graham and her advisor, Dr. Catherine Graham. She presented her findings at the North American Ornithological Conference in Washington, D.C.

    “My current job is using statistics to understand consumers instead of hummingbirds, but it’s the same thing when you get down to it,” she said. “You try to figure out why people buy certain items and services or how to make a good ad that captures someone’s attention. I take data points from surveys [and other data] and dig into statistics to understand those factors.”

    In addition to her projects at Stony Brook, Gambino was involved in curating the vertebrate collection at Gettysburg. Working closely with Biology Prof. Ryan Kerney, Gambino and another student, Sara Ketelsen ’14, curated, labeled, and repaired specimens.   “[Prof. Kerney] was great because he got me to think outside of the box and solve problems you don’t see every day.” In biostatistics with Biology Prof. Kazuo Hiraizumi, Gambino said she found the confidence to pursue statistics in her graduate work and career.

    Even though she’d never expected it to, each of these experiences have helped her in her career in market research.

    “You can’t ask hummingbirds questions,” she joked. “[In marketing], people don’t know the subconscious reasons why they did something, so it’s about uncovering the motivations for why people do things. You use that same scientific process, applied to a different set of questions and problems.”

              5 Things You Need to Start Rewarding Yourself For   

    The problem with Millennials, according to people who have never been one, is that they expect praise and rewards for everything. Participated? Medal. Attempted? Pat on the back. Lost? Trophy.

    But far from breeding laziness and entitlement, as is often claimed, rewarding ourselves frequently and liberally helps us learn new skills and develop desirable traits. …

              Margaret Court: Protesters rally against former tennis champion outside Liberal Party fundraiser   
    Same-sex marriage supporters rally outside a Liberal Party fundraiser in Melbourne to protest against tennis legend Margaret Court, who has come under fire for controversial remarks on homosexuality.
              Uruguai revoluciona a política de drogas mundial com a venda de maconha em farmácias   
    O país com a maior tradição liberal da América dá início a um projeto vanguardista controlado pelo Estado, que regulamenta desde o cultivo até a distribuição da maconha
              CNN’s Fake News Faux Pas Continue to Pile Up With Phony Mag Cover   

    CNN has fallen victim to their own admonishment in recent days, as the liberal shill of a television network continues to step into steer excrement of their own creation.

    The post CNN’s Fake News Faux Pas Continue to Pile Up With Phony Mag Cover appeared first on The Constitution.

              Comment on Google News redesign unsurprisingly angers everyone by Markus Stoehr   
    Really horrible this new goognews design! Feels like going from a liberal/anarchic state to a monarchic one! GIVE ME BACK MY POSSIBILITY TO COMPARE HEADLINES FROM DIFFERENT SOURCES QUICKLY!
              Comment on Nina Turner: It Is Not Our Job to Fit Into the Democratic Establishment by Curtis Carpenter   
    I certainly agree with your assessment Mr. Anderson. Well stated. Sanders and Our Revolution are playing an important role, but it&apos;s time to focus on the dirty reality of regaining power for a progressive view that counters the "every man for himself" ideology of the American right. No time Toulouse, or precious little before irreparable damage is done by our self-styled "conservatives." Many that object to the "democratic establishment" do so on the grounds that it has been co-opted by the corporate state under the neoliberal banner. That&apos;s understandable, but is a serious person like Ms. Turner thinking about what it would take to _align_ those corporate/neoliberal interests with a progressive agenda? Such an alignment is certainly possible. Take the health care issue. Most corporations I follow would prefer NOT to be in the health insurance business. Some -- I think a majority -- could be persuaded that it is in their own best interest to see a truly national health insurance program. They recognize that at 17% of GDP, the costs of the present health care system are making them non-competitive in a (not-going-away-like-it-or-not) economy.
              Comment on Nina Turner: It Is Not Our Job to Fit Into the Democratic Establishment by Nir Haramati   
    I say very clearly, rather than imply, that a politician has more than just the responsibility for promoting his politics. The rest of your comment is presumptuous. It also misses the point. What I did say is that if progressives cannot promote their agenda, the idea it is fine for them to undermine liberal agenda is dangerous, counterproductive, and to me, completely moronic and incomprehensible. It is doubly so now, when the contrast between Obama and Trump is so vivid. To answer your odd question, progressive are political minority, both within Democratic politics, and certainly elsewhere. The idea Democrats should ignore that fact and promote progressive policies beyond what progressives actually represent is an implementation of right-wing politics within the liberal camp.
              Comment on What’s Next for the French Left? by Peter Unterweger   
    Good article! Please keep up the coverage of developments in the European resistance to neoliberalism.
              The Corbyn Effect: Britain’s Election Just Rewrote the Rules of Parliamentary Politics   
    Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, neoliberalism, inequality, youth voters, UK General Election, alternative economic systems, Pirate Party, Podemos Party, populist politics, Zapatistas

    Jeremy Corbyn's win demonstrated that in the stale world of parliamentary politics, we need to tear up the rulebook. We need to be realistic about the systemic crises we face. And we need, above all, to demand the impossible.

              Greed Caused London’s Worst Fire Since WWII   
    Grenfell Tower, London fire, Justice for Grenfell, profit over people, Theresa May, government negligence

    The cause of the fire that engulfed Grenfell Tower on Wednesday morning remains unknown, but greed and neoliberalism explain its devastation. These deaths could have been avoided if life had been put above profit.

              Duterte 1st year| ‘Make good on your promises to the people’ – progressive groups   

    “After a year in Malacañang, will Duterte stand up to his claim (of being a leftist), or will he allow himself to become another imperialist puppet? Is he for the military generals and neoliberals or for the people?”

    The post Duterte 1st year| ‘Make good on your promises to the people’ – progressive groups appeared first on Bulatlat.

              Įsigalioja naujasis Darbo kodeksas: svarbiausios naujovės   
    Lietuvoje darbo santykiai nuo liepos 1 dienos reguliuojami pagal naujo, liberalesnio Darbo kodekso nuostatas. Jo rėmėjai sako, kad lankstesni darbo santykiai paskatins investicijas ir darbo vietų kūrimą. Kritikai perspėja, kad žmonės bus mažiau apsaugoti, nes kodeksas palengvina darbuotojų atleidimą iš darbo.
    Skaitykite daugiau...


    Top World News Now                 
    March 3, 2013

    United States
    Obama Pardons 17 Felons, First in His Second Term
    DHS built domestic surveillance tech into Predator drones
    'Hundreds of thousands' of documents captured with Osama bin Laden, but only 17 released
    Michigan governor moves to appoint emergency manager in Detroit
    Pentagon Plans to Ask for Base Closures 
    Thousands of Soldiers to Leave Europe
    U.S. lawmakers question military aid to Egypt, citing concerns about Israel
    US factory work is returning, but the industry has changed
    'Anonymous' Hacker Explains Why He Fled The US
    Among Most Polluted in US, NYC Area Awaits Cleanup
    US Budget Cuts Force Yellowstone to Delay Opening
    Obama signs sequester bill
    Obama moves a step closer to approval of Keystone pipeline
    Navy Building a Drone Base in Sunny Malibu

    Ukrainian leader, fresh from EU talks, to meet Putin
    Russian Arms Trade Czar Says "War" Declared on Weapon Supplies to Syria
    Russian demonstrators rally in support of U.S. adoption ban
    Moscow Police to Probe Alleged Rally Payment Scam
    Moscow Mayor says no to more mosques in the city
    Opposition’s ‘Social March’ Fizzles Out in Moscow
    Uzbek National Shot Dead in Moscow
    Putin, Obama stress cooperation, pledge to 'avoid deterioration' in relations
    Russia presses for extradition of fugitive banker
    Ukrainian President: Gas contract with Russia is killing us
    Putin Signals Russia Can Be More Flexible on Syria
    Putin says Russia should listen to French arguments on Syria, over vodka
    Russians commend Putin's performance, believe he can keep election promises

    Islands Dispute: China Warns Japan Ahead Of Legislative Session
    A push for change in China as new leaders take the helm
    China's reform roadmap gets clearer
    China "fully prepared" for currency war
    China divided on TV 'execution parade': judicial resolve or crude voyeurism
    Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Kills 12 in Chinese Coal Mine
    Spill in China Underlines Environmental Concerns
    China's fourth space launch center to be in use in two years
    Xi Jinping taking on corruption in China
    Premier Li Keqiang, as Hu Jintao protege, may be outgunned on policy
    China calls for decreased tension on Korean Peninsula
    5 Tibetans, mostly Buddhist monks, arrested for inciting self-immolations
    Darkness at noon as worst dust storm in months mixes with morning smog
    China's First Aircraft Carrier on Way to Permanent Base at Qingdao in North

    United Kingdom
    Cameron: UK 'can transform Africa' with G8
    Cameron Vows To Stay The Course
    Cameron buries hatchet with Plebgate MP Andrew Mitchell - and offers him £250,000 EU job
    Government fights Europe over air pollution reduction
    EU banker pay cap 'threatens thousands of British jobs'
    Revealed: One in four of UK's top companies pay no tax
    Banker Andrei Borodin granted asylum in Britain after fleeing Russia
    UK Explorer: Green Campaigning Has Failed
    UK commits £88m to Chilean telescope 'as big as all existing ones put together'
    Paedophile ring leader, Colin Peters, linked to Barnes scandal
    Cameron vows to defend UK banks

    European Union
    Hundreds of thousands march against austerity in Portugal
    Italy paralysed as Grillo plots exit route from euro
    Italian newcomer Grillo predicts collapse in six months
    Italy President Napolitano calls for realism after vote
    Greek military prepares for mass repression
    1000s hold anti-austerity demo in Greece
    At least 22 people hurt in Macedonia ethnic protests over new defense minister
    Mass layoffs at Caterpillar in Belgium
    Dark Rumblings Of A Coup D'État In Spain
    Spain Delays Catalunya Banc Auction
    Spain overturns Islamic face veil ban
    Thousands march in Portugal to protest austerity

    Germany Blasted for Role in Europe's Crisis
    German states rail against 'stupid' wealth transfers
    Italian president says Germany must give EU recovery a boost
    Germany Debates Fracking as Energy Costs Rise
    Bitter feud divides family of Germany's reunification leader
    Racism in German military mirrors society
    Germany discovers toxin in animal fodder
    Angela Merkel Wishes Bulgaria's Borissov Quick Recovery
    Merkel cabinet lowers bars to German labor market
    Kerry praises Germany's 'exemplary leadership' in Europe
    Italian president scraps meeting with German opposition leader over "clown" remarks

    Hollande leads tributes to 'a great figure' and resistance fighter
    As France's Mali mission grows, so does terror threat from homegrown militants inside France
    France considers marijuana-based drug
    France will not reach 2015 disabled access target
    Paris seeks alternative to 75% tax
    France-Qatar tensions rise over Mali war, Tunisia
    Hollande juggles trade, human rights in Moscow
    Hollande to Talk Syria Settlement With Putin
    Kerry holds talks on Mali with French leadership
    War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
    Al-Qaeda leader behind Algeria gas plant hostage massacre killed in Mali
    US Seeks to Confirm Report of Terror Leader's Death
    Syria: Fierce Clashes in Provincial Capital Raqqa
    Assad Forces Take Aleppo Village, Reopening Supply Line
    Syrian President Assad Blasts British Government
    Iran Says Syria’s Assad to Run for 2014 Election
    How Does the U.S. Mark Unidentified Men in Pakistan and Yemen as Drone Targets?
    Syrian Rebels Angry Over US Aid: ‘Only Thing We Want Is Weapons’

    Insight Into Today’s News
    Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
    G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
    Norway Enters The Currency Wars
    The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
    The Last Liberal Branch of Government
    US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
    Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
    US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
    Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
    US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets

    Netanyahu secretly visited Jordan to discuss peace with Palestinians
    Netanyahu gets two more weeks to form Israel coalition
    3 Syrian Mortars Land in Southern Golan Heights
    Gaza Border: Senior Officer's Vehicle Hit by Gunshots
    New coalition will have to freeze construction outside settlement blocs
    Tissue tests planned for Israelis in Gaza who want to cross border
    Palestinian PM evacuated from West Bank after Israeli soldiers fire teargas at protesters
    Sequestration: Israel Could ‘Gradually’ Lose $500 Million in US Aid
    Netanyahu blasts Erdogan's 'dark and libelous' criticism of Zionism

    Scud Missile Fired in Syria Lands Near Iraqi Village
    Bombs Kill at Least 22 in Iraqi Capital
    Erdoğan: Islamophobia, anti-Semitism same
    Turkey's Difficult Choice in Palestine, Israel
    Erdogan Calls for More Support for Syrian Opposition
    Kurdish leader 'outlines' Turkey peace plan
    More Military Arrests in Turkey For 'Feb. 28 Process'
    Turkey Provides Schools for Syrian Refugee Children
    Iraq budget stalemate deepens over Kurd oil payments
    Iraq continues to allow Iranian overflights to Syria

    John Kerry visits Egypt as dozens injured in violent protests
    Kerry urges Egypt to take difficult economic steps; opposition figures skip meetings
    Protesters Demand Armed Forces Intervention in Cairo
    Ex-member: Muslim Brotherhood has secret societies in 80 nations, including U.S.
    Bahrain Activist Zainab Al-Khawaja Sentenced to Jail
    176 Protesters Held in Saudi Arabia
    Qatar's Influence in Egypt Runs Deeper Than Its Pockets
    Morsi criticized for reaction to tragedy
    Parties who boycotted Morsi's national dialogue invited to send suggestions
    Opposition refuse to stand in Egypt's parliamentary elections

    Ahmadinejad: National dialogue only way to end Syria crisis
    Ahmadinejad: West's war against Iran media doomed to failure  
    Ahmadinejad to Visit Pakistan This Month to Inaugurate IP Gas Pipeline Construction
    Threatening Iran Won't Help in Nuclear Talks, Envoy Says
    Seized Chinese Weapons Raise Concerns on Iran
    Head Of Iran's Qods Force Suggests Assad Is Vulnerable
    Sanction-Hit Iran Fears Unrest as New Elections Near
    Khamenei tells Zardari pipeline must advance despite US opposition
    Ahmadinejad Aide’s Candidacy a Challenge to Iran’s Theocratic Status Quo
    Ahmadinejad, Zardari Stress Expansion of Iran-Pakistan Ties

    Hugo Chavez undergoing chemotherapy
    VP Maduro: Capriles Seeks Destabilization in Venezuela
    Venezuela decries "absurd" rumors over Chavez death
    Maduro: Chavez ‘battling’ for his life
    Rumours swirl as Chavez stays out of sight
    Former envoy claims Venezuela's Chavez is dead
    Venezuela government denies rumours about Chavez
    Venezuelans hold demo in support of Chavez
    Student demonstration dispersed by authorities in Venezuela
    FARC: Colombia government to blame for coffee strike

    Brazil to get its first nuclear subs
    Rousseff Meets Nigerian Leader for Trade Talks
    Brazil's Unemployment Rises More Than Forecast in January
    Prosecutors investigate spying charges against consortium building dam in Brazil
    Brazil turns to Catholic Church to quash crack epidemic
    Brazil Wind Developers May Be Required to Build New Power Lines
    No one is safe from Argentina's drug war
    Modern Slavery Rears its Ugly Head in Chile
    Chilean Navy Saves 25 Stranded Whales, 20 Die
    Peru says American couple found; family wants 'proof of life'

    Nieto Says Justice Will Be Done in Union Boss’s Case
    Six Bodies Found in Mexico, Including Teenage Boy Earlier Arrested for Murder
    Mexican Daily Hit by Third Attack This Week
    Army Kills 4 Gunmen in Northern Mexico
    Two Police Gunned Down in Guatemala
    Fire hits big Mexico City marketplace
    Pena Nieto enacts major education reform
    Powerful head of Mexico teachers union is arrested
    Mexico to Launch New Police Force Later This Year

    Cuba Dissident’s Daughter Says Dad’s Death Was No Accident
    Cuban Dissidents Hope to Build Mass Organization
    A post-Castro Cuba
    Chavez Congratulates Raul Castro on Re-Election
    Castro Retirement News Prompts Tepid Response In Miami
    Transition now seen as underway in Cuba
    Cooperatives Could Save Cuban Socialism
    South African medical students in Cuba may be deported
    No ease for Cuba from US state sponsor of terrorism list

    United Nations
    U.N. Security Council asks for report on possible Mali peacekeepers
    Ban Tones Down Criticism of Rwanda Over Congo Claims
    UN chief says Iran should gain world confidence over its disputed atomic plan
    Libya to ask U.N. to lift arms embargo
    UN Removes Osama bin Laden From Sanctions List
    Emir of Ansar Dine added to US, UN

    Top World News Now                 
    February 26, 2013

    United States
    Obama To Tell Israelis of Plan for Iran War
    Obama's Paycheck Exempt From 'Sequester'
    White House Sells Meetings with Obama for $500k
    Pentagon to Keep Gen. Allen Probe a Secret
    Kerry: US to Hasten Syria Government Change
    Kerry’s first overseas trip off to shaky start
    Bill unveiled to legalize medical pot
    Why Should Taxpayers Give Big Banks $83 Billion a Year?
    Listen up ladies! Next time there's a draft, Uncle Sam might want you too
    Homeland Security Chief Threatens Long TSA Lines From Sequester
    TB outbreak: LAPD urges officers to wear masks
    US Internet providers start spy program to stop file-sharing
    Billions at stake: US and BP clash in court over Gulf oil spill
    Nation of Islam asks for gang protection
    New York City homelessness continues to set new records
    Canadian Asteroid-Hunting Satellite Launched into Space

    Putin's KGB/FSB Converging with New IMF Banking FSB
    Putin signs radical anti-tobacco bill into law
    In Putin's Russia, Shooting the Messenger
    Medvedev: No Grounds for New ‘Cold War’
    Deputy FM Ryabkov: Iran sanctions may be lifted
    Zyuganov reelected Communist chief, vows reset in left-wing politics
    China, Russia ink major energy deal
    Moscow 'regrets' treatment of Russians abroad
    Moscow Welcomes Release of 15 Russian Sailors in Nigeria
    1kg meteorite piece found in Russian Urals, biggest chunk yet discovered
    Moscow Police Seize Large Cache of ‘Black Market’ Weapons
    At Least 17 Amur Tigers Dead in Russia's Far East in 2012
    Protests in Ukraine as EU gives May ultimatum
    Ukraine wields natural gas trump card in Brussels
    As Medvedev is savaged, Putin silent
    State Duma Backs Putin's Foreign Assets Bill

    Xi vows peaceful path on Taiwan
    Xi calls for cross-Strait cooperation in realizing "Chinese dream"
    Xi rewards Chinese missile brigade for launching 100 missiles
    Hu Jintao meets KMT honorary chairman
    State councilor meets South Korea's new president
    South Korea's Park Warns North Against Nuclear Pursuits
    Foreign Ministry: All Japanese activities regarding Diaoyu Islands illegal
    Min of Environmental Protection refuses to release data from soil contamination investigation
    China to halt approvals for small coal mines
    2 Tibetan Monks Self-Immolate as Anti-China Protests Continue
    Tibet's Growing Tragedy: Self-Immolation Protests Reach 105
    5.4-magnitude earthquake jolts Tibet
    BBC World Service Shortwave Radio Blocked in China
    Chinese transport "workhorses" extending military's reach

    United Kingdom
    David Cameron: I'll stop migrant benefits
    John Kerry: US Won't Back UK on the Falklands
    Britain's top cardinal resigns over allegations 'he behaved inappropriately with priests'
    Family Targeted in North Belfast Blast Bomb Attack
    Cameron to hold talks with Kerry
    Head of Cameron's local Tory branch resigns over gay marriage
    Clegg denies cover up of associate's misconduct
    Tory threat to rival parties over libel law
    UK Ratings Cut Puts Spotlight on Budget
    Will Litvinenko-MI6 links be revealed?
    UK onshore wind farms to create more carbon dioxide than they save
    Tax Breaks Spur Record UK Offshore Oil & Gas Spend

    European Union
    Berlusconi revives political career in chaotic Italian election
    Italian markets celebrate Berlusconi’s poor performance in election
    Italy's center-left to win lower house, leads in Senate race
    Initial results indicate stalemate in Italian election
    Angry Italians deliver austerity warning
    EU ministers discuss horse meat crisis
    EU holds breath over crucial Italy election
    Topless Femen protest against Berlusconi as he votes in election
    Protest votes add to uncertainty in close Italy election
    Spanish Police Nab 3 Suspected of Spying for Iran
    Spain police arrest 45 in Madrid after protest

    Merkel holds talks with Turkish leaders frustrated by slow-moving EU talks
    Germany presses Turkey for progress in lifting embargo on Cyprus
    German government backs ban on far-right party
    German Intel Paid Neo-Nazi Informer $240,000
    Bare-chested protesters take on Berlin
    Merkel: China, Russia seeing Syrian president's time is up
    Merkel Raises Turks' Hope Of European Union Entry
    Merkel kicks off sensitive visit to Turkey
    Merkel inspects German Patriot missiles in Turkey
    Germany arms the Persian Gulf monarchies
    Germany patient with France on deficit

    Hollande's Sarkozy joke riles French opposition
    Ayrault: Boko Haram Claiming to Hold French Family
    France blasts 'cruelty' as Boko Haram displays kidnapped family
    France to pause austerity, cut spending next year instead: Hollande
    Hollande urges compulsory labeling amid horsemeat scandal
    France's military operation in Mali in 'final phase'
    France warns of kidnappings, attack risk in Benin
    France is euro 'problem child', frets Angela Merkel's party official
    War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
    Syrian Opposition Pledges to Attend Rome Summit
    Syria says ready to talk with armed opposition
    Kerry Vows Not to Leave Syria Rebels 'Dangling in the Wind'
    Car blast rocks central Damascus, casualties reported
    Assad's Army Has Fled Entire Area Bordering Israel
    Syrian Refugees Riot in Jordan Camp; 3 Hurt
    Nearly 100 Rebels Are Reported Killed in Mali Battle
    No sign of peace or reconciliation in Mali
    West African Mali forces to cost €715m

    Insight Into Today’s News
    Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
    G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
    Norway Enters The Currency Wars
    The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
    The Last Liberal Branch of Government
    US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
    Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
    US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
    Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
    US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets

    Netanyahu: Arrow will help us on peace, or defense
    Netanyahu urges the PA to calm rioters and stone throwers
    West Bank Streets 'Boiling' as Abbas Accuses Israel of Stoking Unrest
    IDF and Palestinians clash following prisoner's funeral
    West Bank Protests Grow, Fears of New Intifada
    Israel, US successfully test anti-missile system
    Palestinian officials accuse Israel of torturing inmate to death
    Palestinian Detainee’s Death in Israel Sparks Unrest
    Thousands of jailed Palestinians stage 1-day hunger strike

    Erdogan holds joint press conference with Merkel
    Kurdish Peace Process to Start After PKK Leave Turkey
    Erdoğan: Assad a ‘mute devil’ for not defying Israel
    Defense Minister Says 965 Suicides Among Soldiers in 10 Years
    Turkey in Key Stage to Address Kurdish Issue
    Turkey lists requests from Germany's Merkel
    Turkey eyes Karabakh step from Armenia to open ways
    Turkey Pressures Germany on EU Accession
    Turkey says aid pledges for Syrian refugees 'unfulfilled'
    Iraq shuts down 3 illegal tunnels to Syria

    Bahrain Bans Import of Plastic Guy Fawkes Masks
    ElBaradei Calls for Boycott of 'Sham' Parliamentary Election
    Egyptian Brotherhood Hits Back at Opposition Leader
    Stripped of 'Country of Origin' Label, US Agrees to Sell Tear Gas to Egypt
    Bahraini Dies After Being Struck by Tear Gas Canister
    Divided Egypt opposition attacks Morsi on election call
    Morsi calls parliamentary elections in April
    Thousands hold anti-government protests in Egypt
    New death from SARS-like virus in Saudi

    World Powers May Offer Iran Sanctions Relief at Nuclear Talks
    UK claims General Shateri actually died in January bombing of Hezbollah-bound weapons convoy
    World Powers Seek Compromise in Iranian Nuclear Talks
    Ahmadinejad Admits to Economic Pain
    Iran tests suicide drones in ongoing military drill
    Iran denies downing foreign drone
    Iran claims it has captured a foreign ‘enemy drone’ during military exercise
    Iran announces new uranium deposits discovery
    Iran selects 16 new sites for nuclear plants
    Iran sentences 4 to death in biggest bank fraud case
    Envoy: Iran to continue talks with IAEA on nuclear program

    Chavez warns that Africa and South America Must Unite or face Western Interventions
    Indigenous Venezuelans Hold Ritual for Chavez
    Colombian Rebels Call on Santos to Save Peace Talks
    Villegas: Condition of cancer-stricken Chavez not "favorable"
    Prosecutor Accuses Former Colombian Governor of 2000 Massacre
    Bolivia's Morales says was unable to see Chavez in Venezuela
    Questions about political succession whirl in Venezuela after Chavez comes home
    Poll: Maduro would win vote if Chavez goes
    Chávez's return is obstacle for Venezuela's embattled opposition
    Bolivia's Morales arrives in Venezuela to visit President Chávez

    Falklands dispute: Argentina accuses UK of ‘defiance’ of anti-nuke treaty
    Rousseff says extreme poverty almost eradicated
    PM Medvedev begins visit to Brazil
    Pro-Cuba Protesters Halt Dissident's Brazil Event
    After Being Hounded by Protesters, Cuban Dissident Praises Brazil's Freedom of Expression
    Brazil dockers end China ship protest; port strike threat
    Argentina to renovate railways with Chinese trains in 2014
    Union Leader Protests by Bringing Trucks to Argentine Labor Ministry
    New tobacco law ignites controversy in Chile
    Ex-leaders of German sect in Chile enter prison to begin sentences for sexual abuse of minors

    Official Accuses CIA of 'Managing' Not 'Fighting' the Drug Trade
    Nieto Meets with San Antonio Mayor
    Government Says Over 27,000 People Missing in Mexico
    Mexico Slaughters Nearly 500,000 Birds Infected with Avian Flu
    Guatemala Moves Up Ex-Dictator’s Genocide Trial
    Police Chief in Mexican Border City on Nuevo Laredo Missing
    Suspect in General’s Murder Arrives in Mexico
    Mexican Police Detain 81 Migrants
    Vigilantes reportedly release captives in southern Mexico

    Castro successor lacks charisma but is experienced manager
    Raúl Castro Says His New 5-Year Term as Cuba's President Will Be His Last
    Fidel Castro makes surprise parliament appearance amid leadership speculation
    Cuban parliament gathers, president to be selected
    Esteban Lazo Elected New President of the Cuban Parliament
    Haitians Rage as UN Rejects Payout for Cholera Victims
    Yoani Sanchez May Be Top Dissident in Cuba, but She Agrees US Embargo Must Go
    Medvedev Discusses Meteorite Strike with Fidel Castro
    Raul Castro Mentions Possible Retirement

    United Nations
    UN Removes Osama bin Laden From Sanctions List
    Tunisia Arrests Suspect in Killing That Sparked Unrest
    African leaders sign DR Congo peace deal
    At least 53 killed in rival Arab militia clashes in North Darfur
    Tunisia's New Premier Promises Inclusive Government
    US blocks UN resolution condemning Damascus terror bombings
    Tunisia: Party Names Premier Candidate
    Tunisian PM steps down after crisis prompted by political assassination
    Unesco agrees 5.6 million-euro plan to save Mali's cultural treasures
    Top World News Now                 
    February 21, 2013


     Heads up from AntiMullah. Separate vacations and Obambi brings Reggie Love back with  him. If you do  not know what this is, you need to visit/view more often to keep up with latest developments.

    Tone and content reflects information not normally provided by Lame Stream Media's love fest with Obambi. And worldwide events that discredit his claims and motives for anti-American, pro-Moslem Brotherhood policies and actions.
    Read and become knowledgeable and stop believing the incredible lies Obama feeds us at every opportunity. Lies his own Democrats increasingly have a problem swallowing and are intentionally leading our nation into certain fiscal and political destruction.

    United States
    GOP Resists Obama's Push for Tax Rise to Head Off Cuts
    Obama Fleshes Out Plans for Infrastructure Projects
    Obama considers urging the Supreme Court to overturn California’s ban on gay marriage
    White House announces online espionage response policy
    US issues final word on essential benefits under "Obamacare"
    Anonymous thrown into China-US cyberwar scandal
    Pentagon informs Congress of plans to furlough 800K civilian workers
    In wake of Benghazi, rapid response Marine unit heading to Europe
    US issues worldwide caution to its citizens of terror threats