The Duality of Négritude: An Examination of Assimilation, Colonization, and Black Glorification   
The Duality of Négritude: An Examination of Assimilation, Colonization, and Black Glorification Hurwitz, Sam
          Comment on Professor disagrees with Elon Musk’s Mars colonization plans by baddata6   
Peabrain dog: Well, you are correct in some ways for the first time (probably since you were born). I did not serve in the military because I was designing things for the military which prevented me from joining. Because the US government will not take anyone making or designing parts for the military to enter the military because they are needed more by the government and the military doing the job they were trained for. Whereas people who are only eligible to dig ditches like you are taken no questions asked along with smart people. This is not your country, you have nothing good to say about it, this is a capitalistic country and you hate it as proved by your replies to this post, and all reading these posts will understand that, because you're not fooling anyone. (Quote) "It can be said more accurately that capitalism is fine until you run out of other people's blood, sweat, and tears. So you hate capitalism and this country is capitalistic. So take your own advice and go to Russia it's not capitalistic. Keep making a fool of yourself us conservatives love it. Keep squirming! Man. this is fun!!!
          Decolonization is political action, not an act of historical circumstance.   
As an archaeologist who is invested in the project of decolonization, I admit to being wary of its overuse within anthropological discourse to such a degree that it is depoliticized. Decolonization must remain a political project. As Eve Tuck and K. Wayne Yang succinctly reminded us in the first issue of the journal Decolonization: Indigeneity, … Continue reading Decolonization is political action, not an act of historical circumstance.
          American scholar Chalmers Johnson, 1931 - 2010   
There are people whose memory fades with time. There are others whose importance only grows. Such a man was Chalmers Johnson , who died last week. As a CIA analyst, and an influential scholar of east Asia's political economy, he forced a revision both of the Chinese revolution and the Japanese "economic miracle". Johnson went from being a spear-carrier for US global power to an unflinching chronicler of its impending demise. It started with a visit to Okinawa, where a 12-year-old Japanese girl was abducted and raped by two US marines and a sailor in 1995. He found that local hostility to the US military was not the exception, a response to three "bad apples", but the rule. Only late in his career did his impact reach beyond academia, with a trilogy that pathologised America's current role in the world. Blowback, the CIA word for the unintended consequences of actions that are kept secret from the US public, was the first: it was ignored at home when it came out in 2000. Its prime example was the recruiting, arming and putting into combat of mujahideen fighters in Afghanistan in the 1980s. 11 September made this book a bestseller, while "blowback" entered the political vocabulary. With 700 declared military bases, and probably 300 secret ones, around the world, Johnson likened his country to the Roman republic as it turned into an empire, which would find itself overstretched, bankrupted and then overrun. The uncomfortable parallel may have some life in it yet. - from In praise of … Chalmers Johnson.

Chalmers Johnson on his "Blowback" trilogy:

In Blowback, I set out to explain why we are hated around the world. The concept "blowback" does not just mean retaliation for things our government has done to and in foreign countries. It refers to retaliation for the numerous illegal operations we have carried out abroad that were kept totally secret from the American public. This means that when the retaliation comes -- as it did so spectacularly on September 11, 2001 -- the American public is unable to put the events in context. So they tend to support acts intended to lash out against the perpetrators, thereby most commonly preparing the ground for yet another cycle of blowback. In the first book in this trilogy, I tried to provide some of the historical background for understanding the dilemmas we as a nation confront today, although I focused more on Asia -- the area of my academic training -- than on the Middle East."

The Sorrows of Empire was written during the American preparations for and launching of the invasions and occupations of Afghanistan and Iraq. I began to study our continuous military buildup since World War II and the 737 military bases we currently maintain in other people's countries. This empire of bases is the concrete manifestation of our global hegemony, and many of the blowback-inducing wars we have conducted had as their true purpose the sustaining and expanding of this network. We do not think of these overseas deployments as a form of empire; in fact, most Americans do not give them any thought at all until something truly shocking, such as the treatment of prisoners as Guantanamo Bay, brings them to our attention. But the people living next door to these bases and dealing with the swaggering soldiers who brawl and sometimes rape their women certainly think of them as imperial enclaves, just as the people of ancient Iberia or nineteenth-century India knew that they were victims of foreign colonization."

In Nemesis, I have tried to present historical, political, economic, and philosophical evidence of where our current behavior is likely to lead. Specifically, I believe that to maintain our empire abroad requires resources and commitments that will inevitably undercut our domestic democracy and in the end produce a military dictatorship or its civilian equivalent. The founders of our nation understood this well and tried to create a form of government – a republic – that would prevent this from occurring. But the combination of huge standing armies, almost continuous wars, military Keynesianism, and ruinous military expenses have destroyed our republican structure in favor of an imperial presidency. We are on the cusp of losing our democracy for the sake of keeping our empire. Once a nation is started down that path, the dynamics that apply to all empires come into play – isolation, overstretch, the uniting of forces opposed to imperialism, and bankruptcy. Nemesis stalks our life as a free nation.”

- three excerpts from Nemesis: The Last Days of the American Republic by Chalmers Johnson.
          Eastern American Dialects – an example of migration and ethno-linguistic frontier formation   

In Chapter 6 “The Archaeology of Language” of his book The Horse, the Wheel, and Language, David W. Anthony uses the colonization of North America by English speaking people as an example of ethno-linguistic frontiers [1] formed by migration. In many cases the first people to settle a region put their language and cultural stamp on the area which is copied by later migrants. In the Eastern USA example, the language and cultural boundaries coincide almost exactly.

Between about 1620 and 1750 what is now the eastern United States was colonized by four different migration streams from different areas of Britain. These formed distinct ethno-linguistic patterns which are still very much visible today. They are:
  • New England (Yankee) – East Anglia
  • Mid-Atlantic ( Pennsylvania Quaker) – English Midlands
  • Virginia Coast (Royalist Anglican) – Somerset and Wessex
  • Appalachians (“Hillbillies”) – Scotch Irish

New England, centered on Boston, was first settled by the Pilgrims from East Anglia. The Yankee dialect is a variant of the East Anglia dialect and the New England folk culture (church, house, barn and fence types; town organization type; food and dress preference; and religion) is a simplified version of East Anglian folk culture.

The Virginia coast was settled by Anglican royalists escaping anti-royalist sentiments of the English Civil War. These settlers gave Virginia a distinct linguistic and folk culture based on the tobacco plantation.

Similarly Quakers from the North-Midlands, Lancashire and Yorkshire emigrated to avoid persecution following the Restoration. Most settled in Pennsylvania. Their distinct dialect and folk culture was later added to by German-speaking settlers from Switzerland and southern Germany (Pennsylvania “Dutch”) [2].

The Appalachian dialect was touched on in an earlier post

Migration of other people from Britain, Europe and other countries, and movements of people within the country, all added to or modified the regional dialects of America.  Despite the complexity from these other sources, these original four ethno-linguistic cultures can still be observed. Besides the regional accents and architectural styles of old buildings, Anthony claims that even modern presidential voting patterns can be discerned and traced back to these original folk cultures.

[1] Frontier in this discussion refers to a boundary between two discernable cultures or languages.

[2] There were Dutch settlers in America, centered around New York from which some place names like Harlem, Bronx and Brooklyn originate as well as a few other words like waffle and poppycock (from Dutch pappekak meaning “soft dung”). The Pennsylvania Dutch however were German-speaking people from Switzerland and southern Germany – the Amish, and Mennonites. Here Dutch is an Anglicized form of Deutsch (the German word for German).

          Juvenile salmonid monitoring in the White Salmon River, Washington, post-Condit Dam removal, 2016   

Condit Dam, at river kilometer 5.3 on the White Salmon River, Washington, was breached in 2011 and removed completely in 2012, allowing anadromous salmonids access to habitat that had been blocked for nearly 100 years. A multi-agency workgroup concluded that the preferred salmonid restoration alternative was natural recolonization with monitoring to assess efficacy, followed by a management evaluation 5 years after dam removal. Limited monitoring of salmon and steelhead spawning has occurred since 2011, but no monitoring of juveniles occurred until 2016. During 2016, we operated a rotary screw trap at river kilometer 2.3 (3 kilometers downstream of the former dam site) from late March through May and used backpack electrofishing during summer to assess juvenile salmonid distribution and abundance. The screw trap captured primarily steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss; smolts, parr, and fry) and coho salmon (O. kisutch; smolts and fry). We estimated the number of steelhead smolts at 3,851 (standard error = 1,454) and coho smolts at 1,093 (standard error = 412). In this document, we refer to O. mykiss caught at the screw trap as steelhead because they were actively migrating, but because we did not know migratory status of O. mykiss caught in electrofishing surveys, we simply refer to them as O. mykiss or steelhead/rainbow trout. Steelhead and coho smolts tagged with passive integrated transponder tags were subsequently detected downstream at Bonneville Dam on the Columbia River. Few Chinook salmon (O. tshawytscha) fry were captured, possibly as a result of trap location or effects of a December 2015 flood. Sampling in Mill, Buck, and Rattlesnake Creeks (all upstream of the former dam site) showed that juvenile coho were present in Mill and Buck Creeks, suggesting spawning had occurred there. We compared O. mykiss abundance data in sites on Buck and Rattlesnake Creeks to pre-dam removal data. During 2016, age-0 O. mykiss were more abundant in Buck Creek than in 2009 or 2010, though age-1 and older O. mykiss abundance was similar. In Rattlesnake Creek, age-0 O. mykiss abundance during 2016 slightly exceeded the mean abundance from 2001 through 2005, although age-1 and older O. mykiss abundance was lower than from 2001 through 2005. These sampling efforts also provided the opportunity to collect genetic samples to investigate parental and stock origin, although funding to analyze the samples was not part of this grant. Juvenile salmonid sampling efforts during 2016 have shown that natural spawning produced steelhead and coho smolts and that coho were colonizing some tributaries. The 2016 efforts also provided the first post-dam juvenile abundance estimates. We hope to continue monitoring to better understand abundance trends, distribution, and life history patterns of recolonizing salmonids in the White Salmon River to assess efficacy of natural recolonization and to inform management decisions.

          Support the ACAC19   
On Saturday, October 6th, some 150 demonstrators converged on the Financial District of San Francisco against Columbus Day. The demonstration was announced as an anti-colonialism and anti-capitalism convergence. A short rally discussing decolonization preceded a march through Market street. However, within 15 minutes of the beginning of the march, riot police responded to a smattering […]
          HIGHLIGHTS: La ricolonizzazione del faggio nel post glaciale, quali determinanti?   
Titolo originale: Climate or migration: what limited European beech post-glacial colonization? Autori: Frédérik Saltré, Rémi Saint-Amant, Emmanuel S. Gritti, Simon Brewer, Cédric Gaucherel, Basil A. S. Davis, Isabelle Chuine Rivista: Global Ecology and Biogeography 22: 1217-1227, 2013 doi:10.1111/geb.12085 La storia dei processi di ricolonizzazione delle specie forestali nel post-glaciale si arricchisce di un interessante capitolo. Attraverso l’uso di un modello di processo (PHENOFIT) accoppiato a un modello di migrazione, le cui simulazioni sono state confrontate con i dati filogeografici attualmente a disposizione, è  stata ricostruita la migrazione del faggio nel postglaciale (ultimi 12 mila anni) a partire dalle zone di …
          The Dutch East Indies - A Country Lost   
The Americans remember Pearl Harbor & the attack that brought them into World War II. I think of Pearl Harbor also, and how the war destroyed a country & a way of life that the world has chosen to not remember. Is Indonesia a better place than the Dutch East Indies? I don't know, Indonesians are taught that they "won" their independence, which is true, but we were Indonesians too, and bands of cut-throat rebels, not a revolution, destroyed the homes and heritage of my family.

World War II finally ended with Japan's capitulation on 15 August 1945. For those who had suffered in Japanese camps, the war ended not a second too soon. Some of these sufferings have been well-documented and are known across the world but there are thousands of victims of cruelty at the hands of the Japanese army whose stories remain relatively unknown.

These include the fates of the Dutch and Indonesians who were living in what was then called the Dutch East Indies, and is now known as Indonesia. When Japan occupied the country, the military had orders to humiliate, starve and kill the Dutch colonisers. The Japanese used Sukarno and his dislike for the Dutch to organise and pacify the Indonesians. This is their leader, a man who helped the Japanese against the allies in the pacific. How could the world or even the people of Indonesia consider a man who betrayed his own people to gain what he professed to be "independence" for Indonesia. His "reign" as a very corrupt first president tells you he was no hero. How could he justify the internment and labor camps? He was a hero in Japan and the Indonesian history books call him a hero to Indonesia.

It's true that it's hard to justify colonialism if it oppresses the Indigenous peoples, but what does that mean anyway by 1600 standards? The missionaries to Californa didn't massacre Indians, but their records are exactly what the tribes use now as part of their written history to determine tribal connections. Weren't the indigenous peoples from somewhere else too? I don't think you can judge the explorations and settlements of 'new worlds' by today's standards.

Post WWII Indonesia was not exactly suffering under Dutch Imperial oppression. Both Dutch and Indonesians fought to protect the islands. The Dutch were also fighting a war on the European front. Would they have honored Sukarno had he sided with Hitler to purge Indonesia of the Dutch oppressors?

Wasn't there a way for Dutch Indonesians who had as much invested in the defense of Indonesia, in defense of their property, their way of life, to still have a place to call home after the war? My father came back to a very different Indonesia and he didn't deserve the betrayals and the dangers that followed. His attempt at returning to a normal life was dashed by new violence and atrocities led by Sukarno.

Sukarno's fragile balance of power between the military, political Islam, communists, and nationalists that underlay his "Guided Democracy" was to last less than 20 years. I think he was misguided from the beginning perhaps by a learned hatred of the Dutch, perhaps because he wanted a return to the aristocracy he believed he was entitled to. He went to Dutch schools and never did Indonesia suffer the apartheid that plagued South African Dutch colonization. The Dutch and Indonesian people intermarried for over 200 years. What independence was Sukarno seeking that tolerated a betrayal of his country?
          The 16th Century’s Saintly Six   
By Susan Klemond | With the Protestant and English reformations, and colonization of the New World in the foreground of the 16th-century landscape, six Catholic saints worked behind the scenes on...
          Combining Niche Modelling, Land-Use Change, and Genetic Information to Assess the Conservation Status of Pouteria splendens Populations in Central Chile   
To assess the conservation status of a species with little ecological information is usually a challenging process. Pouteria splendens is an endemic shrub of the coastal range of Central Chile currently classified as lower risk (LR) by IUCN (version 2.3). Knowledge about this species is extremely limited. Currently P. splendens is only found in two small and isolated populations, which are thought to be remaining populations of an originally large metapopulation. However, there is no evidence to support this hypothesis, limiting our ability to gauge the real current conservation status of this species. In this study we combine niche modelling, land-use information, and genetic techniques to test the metapopulation hypothesis and reassess the conservation status of P. splendens using the IUCN criteria. We also evaluated the potential effects of climate change in the species distribution. Our results support the hypothesis of a large metapopulation that was recently fragmented. Future climate could increase the range of P. splendens; however the high level of fragmentation would preclude colonization processes. We recommend reclassifying P. splendens as Endangered (EN) and developing strategies to protect the remaining populations. Similar approaches like the presented here could be used to reclassify other species with limited ecological knowledge.
          Comment on Take a look at this informative post by Donnacox   
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          Are Hemroids Caused By Heavy Lifting - About Urinary Tract Infection - Prevention And Treatments   
are hemroids caused by heavy lifting: Urinary tract infection, or UTI, is colonization of microorganisms in the urinary tract in such an amount and such a way that damages or symptoms are produced. When only the urethra and the bladder is affected, it is called lower urinary tract... are hemroids caused by heavy lifting
          Kenya: The Ugly Stain of Colonization: Speak your mother tongue!   
It's been 54 years since Kenya gained independence, that's a little over half a century, but sadly we still see the remnants colonialism in everyday life.
          Comment on President condemns subletting of farms by Kire   
Those who came here by colonization do not regard themselves as Zimbabweans. It is them that reemphasise that themselves in their conduct in our communities. They live in their little Britains here, vanoita zvinhu zvavo vega munzimbo dzavo.Saka Tiri vamwe pakudiiiko????? That is why they want dual citizenship. Chandinoziva is you can never take out the Britishness in them, their hearts are at home. You can never impose you Zimbabweaness on them. It is only natural that is were they came from that is where they belong. Ndosaka Kana zvikaipa vanoenda kuBritish embabassy kunotsvaka rubatsiro. As they grow old and tire majority take their wealth back to their country of origin. They choose to be Zimbabwean when it suits. Ngatiregei kuda kurizina zvisina musoro pano. Hongu pane zvakakanganiswa pekutanga. Tiri vanhu isu, tinodzidza sei???? kana tisingaise room yekuita mamistakes. Chakakosha is realizing them and rectifying. Ndiko kukura nekudzidza kwacho. Minda yedu needs to be guarded and jealously. Kana muvengi abiswa ngarege kudzoswa Zvakare fullstop. We are learning, and should continue to learn and improving our systems.
          Decolonizing philosophy   
Many philosophers consider their field to be the mother of all disciplines. The popular picture is that philosophy, like a fertile womb, gives birth to other sciences and fields of inquiry which then move on with their own methodology and concerns (and they never call their parents!). Naturally, if there is any credence to this methodology, then decolonization of the curriculum or academia needs…
          Comment on Iraq recaptures Mosul mosque from ISIS by Garry   
I consider myself lucky to have lived in Japan at a time when there were still a large number of people there who had fought World War Two; the collective memory is rapidly fading. My (totally anecdotal) observation was that most of the people who had fought the War came around to our way of thinking, but there were a significant number of 'bitter clingers" (note to our 44th president: this is proper usage of the term "bitter clinger"), ranging from the soldiers who didn't surrender until the 1970s, to passive aggressive individuals who have more subtle ways of telling the world they don't fully embrace all aspects of Japan's defeat. As Mr. Z alluded to, most people on our side thought there would be no way that Japan would surrender and the people see that we would put them on a better path. It took the atomic bombs, and even then there was a coup attempt to prevent the Emperor from surrendering. Most Japanese braced themselves for the occupation, expecting that we would act as they had when they occupied conquered territory, with systematic torture, rape, etc. Many were stunned that we didn't, and even more stunned that we rebuilt their economy. Most are more aware of and appreciative of their Constitution than we are of ours. In 1984 I was in Okinawa, when an old, obviously drunk Japanese man came up to me and very aggressively tried to shake my hand. I refused, but he persisted, until I reached the point where I shook his hand to be rid of him. Then I heard laughter from the people I was with that day, and they explained that he had urinated on his hands just before he shook mine. Clearly he was a bitter clinger. When I lived in Tokyo in the 90s, my landlord warned all of us that Coca Cola was poison. Apparently that was a popular theory in the early days of the occupation; after all, what product better symbolized America, and what better way to rid oneself of cognitive dissonance than by seeing a conspiracy theory? I had colleagues who asked their students what their biggest regret in life was (something I would never ask, but whatever), and several older men said that their biggest regret was that Japan lost World War II, after which they refused to speak at all. I had students who were World War Two vets, and occasionally one of them would say some very disturbing things to me. I would always end the conversation by telling them I was a former US Marine, and I would much rather have the Japanese solider as my friend than as my enemy. They all knew what Marines did to their comrades in World War Two, and no student I told that ever brought up the subject again. I have several Japanese friends whose parents or grandparents served in World War Two, and they tell me that the veterans never discuss anything about the War. Every once in a while a Japanese politician will say something crazy about how Japan's colonization of other countries was a good thing, and all of East Asia will protest loudly. When I lived in Tokyo, on many Sundays Japanese right-wing groups would drive the city in buses, dressed in pseudo World War Two uniforms, playing martial music and declaring over loudspeakers that Japan has to return to its glory days. But these are all exceptions; I have had just as many older Japanese people go out of their way to thank me for what America did to rebuild Japan, even though it happened before I was born. Meanwhile the younger generation has no concept of what World War Two was about, and I can't imagine today's generations trying to conquer East Asia again, committing atrocities, etc.; they live in a very sanitized society. One of the main things to keep in mind is that it takes generations for acceptance of a better way of life, and even then there are bitter clingers. But it absolutely has happened, to people who were every bit as fanatical as (parts of) the Muslim world today. Muslim extremists tend to think of the long game, whereas we are stuck in the tactical. I don't view any of this as a morality play; right only wins when it takes the necessary actions to gain surrender. But once surrender is gained, showing the defeated enemy a better way of life brings more benefits than killing him wholesale.
          Airborne signals by Trichoderma fungi stimulate iron uptake responses in roots resulting in priming of jasmonic acid-dependent defences in shoots of Arabidopsis thaliana and Solanum lycopersicum.   

Airborne signals by Trichoderma fungi stimulate iron uptake responses in roots resulting in priming of jasmonic acid-dependent defences in shoots of Arabidopsis thaliana and Solanum lycopersicum.

Plant Cell Environ. 2017 Jul 01;:

Authors: Martínez-Medina A, Van Wees SCM, Pieterse CMJ

Root colonization by Trichoderma fungi can trigger induced systemic resistance (ISR). In Arabidopsis, Trichoderma-ISR relies on the transcription factor MYB72, which plays a dual role in the onset of ISR and the activation of Fe uptake responses. Volatile compounds (VCs) from rhizobacteria are important elicitors of MYB72 in Arabidopsis roots. Here we investigated the mode of action of VCs from Trichoderma fungi in the onset of ISR and Fe uptake responses. VCs from Trichoderma asperellum and Trichoderma harzianum were applied in an in vitro split-plate system with Arabidopsis or tomato seedlings. Locally, Trichoderma-VCs triggered MYB72 expression and molecular, physiological and morphological Fe uptake mechanisms in Arabidopsis roots. In leaves, Trichoderma-VCs primed jasmonic acid (JA)-dependent defenses, leading to an enhanced resistance against Botrytis cinerea. By using Arabidopsis micrografts of VCs-exposed rootstocks and non-exposed scions, we demonstrated that perception of Trichoderma-VCs by the roots leads to a systemic signal that primes shoots for enhanced defences. Trichoderma-VCs also elicited Fe deficiency responses and shoot immunity in tomato, suggesting that this phenomenon is expressed in different plant species. Our results indicate that Trichoderma-VCs trigger locally a readjustment of Fe homeostasis in roots, which links to systemic elicitation of ISR by priming of JA-dependent defences.

PMID: 28667819 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

          Christopher Columbus   

Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, master navigator, a spirited sailor, colonizer and citizen of the Republic of Genoa, who got born in 1451 in Valladolid, Spain. Columbus undertook four transatlantic voyages in 1492–93, 1493–96, 1498–1500, and 1502–04 that opened the way for European exploration, exploitation, and colonization of the North and South America.

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          37 Calls for Submissions in July 2017 - Paying markets   
Vladimir Kush, Diary of Discoveries
There are more than three dozen calls for submissions in July.

Every genre and every form is welcome! All are paying markets. There are no submission fees.

Many of these journals have recurring calls for submissions, so if you miss this window, you can always submit during the next reading period.

For more literary journals seeking submissions and to get a jump on next month's open calls see: Paying Markets.


Manawaker Studio: Starward TalesGenre: Speculative fiction and poetry. Reinterpretations and retellings of legends, myths, and fairytales. Payment: $3 per accepted poem, $3 per 1k words ($1 minimum.) for accepted fiction ($6 per page for graphic narrative fiction). Deadline: July 1, 2017.

The Lifted Brow. Genres: Poetry. Payment: Not specified. Deadline: July 1, 2017.
Existere. Genres: All genres and forms of art and literature are welcome including and not limited to: poetry, short plays, short stories, postcard/flash fiction, art and literature reviews, critical essays, interviews, sketches, photos, etc. Payment: Small honorarium. Deadline: July 1, 2017.

THEMA. Theme: The Face in the PhotoGenre: Short stories, flash fiction, poetry relating to the theme. Payment: Short story, $25; short-short piece (up to 1000 words), $10; poem, $10; artwork, $25 for cover, $10 for interior page display. Deadline: July 1, 2017Reprints accepted.

Cafe IrrealGenre: Magical realist stories. Payment: 1 cent/word. Deadline: July 1, 2017.

Red RoomGenre: Horror - focuses on dark, disturbing, extreme horror and hardcore, dark crime. Payment: 3 cents per word. Word count is flexible, but the maximum payment is $120.00. Deadline: July 1, 2017.

ArcGenre: Poetry. Themed issue: "150 years post-Confederation, we cannot forget Canada's place in the global and local reality of colonization. For our 2017 Annual themed issue, Arc Poetry Magazine wants to talk about Reconciliation, Decolonization, and Nation(s)—from a poet's perspective. Arc especially encourages submissions from Indigenous poets, but this call—and conversation—is open to all Canadians, along with anyone, from any country, who feels they have something to say." Payment: $50 per page. Deadline: July 1, 2017.

Still Waters AnthologyGenre: Speculative fiction on theme of "still waters." "Creative interpretation of the theme is encouraged. Some ideas are: Still waters run deep. He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside still waters. -Psalm 23:2 Water creatures (mermaids, naiads, kraken) and their environment.Length: 2500 words to 10,000 words." Payment: 1 cent/word. Deadline: July 1, 2017.

Briarpatch Magazine. Theme: Labour. Genre: Nonfiction writing and artwork on a wide range of topics, including current events, grassroots activism, electoral politics, economic justice, ecology, labour, food security, gender equity, indigenous struggles, international solidarity, and other issues of political importance. Payment: $50-$150. Deadline: July 3, 2017.

Pirates & Ghosts and Agents & Spies (2 anthologies). Genre: Speculative short stories. Payment: 6 cents/word. Deadline: July 7, 2017.

Alien Dimensions. Genre: Speculative short stories on theme of "Alien Weather." Payment: US$10.00 for 3500+ words. Deadline: July 10, 2017.

Natural Wonders Anthology: Time in Nature Can Change Your LifeGenre: Essay. "The focus of this anthology will be finding peace about an issue, learning about yourself and others, connecting with your family, etc—while in nature or watching nature, etc. If you’ve had an epiphany while in the wilds or relating to the natural world, share your eye-opener or conclusion reached while in nature by writing an essay for this anthology. Your experiences can help others gain insight too. The book will provide a tranquil escape. Readers can enter the serenity of nature even on a lunch break, and feel a kinship with fellow nature lovers who also do their best thinking in the great outdoors." Payment: $50. Deadline: July 15, 2017.

Hinnom Magazine. Genres: Science fiction, fantasy, and horror. Payment: $0.005 cents per word with a minimum payment of $5.00 and a maximum cap of $25.00.. Deadline: July 15, 2017.
Outlook Springs is a literary journal "from another dimension." Genres: Fiction, poetry, and non-fiction tinged with the strange. Payment: $25 for fiction, $10 for poetry. Deadline: July 15, 2017.

Barrelhouse. Genre: Nonfiction. Essays on pop culture. Payment: $50. Deadline: July 15, 2017.

Third Flatiron. Genre: Short stories: science fiction and fantasy and anthropological fiction. Theme is "Strange Beasties" - Slipstream. "Are you itching to invent your own odd literary devices or creatures?  Impress us, delight us, or scare us with the diversity of your fiendish creations. Creatures of the id don't necessarily have to be monsters, but they do need to be strange. We'd fancy some ghostbusters and monster hunters too." Payment: 6 cents/word. Deadline: July 15, 2017.

Alice Unbound. Restrictions: Writers must be Canadian citizens (living in Canada and/or paying taxes in Canada) or permanent residents of Canada. Genre: Short stories: Theme is Lewis Carroll's books. "Whether the Mad Hatter, the mock turtle, or Tweedle Dee and Tweedle Dum, write a new tale. QUILTBAG or people of colour as characters are encouraged. Alice doesn’t have to be white and blonde." Payment: 5 cents/word. Deadline: July 15, 2017.

The Suburban Review: Volume 8: Open Them. Genre: Fiction, poetry. Payment: $75-$150 for fiction, CNF, poetry. Deadline: July 16, 2017.

Franklin/Kerr Press: Down with the Fallen Anthology. Genre: Horror, post-apocalyptic and dystopian themes. Payment: $5 per 1,000 words. Deadline: July 21, 2017.

Cricket. Genre: Short stories and nonfiction for children on theme of Scotland. Payment: 25 cents/word. Deadline: July 21, 2017.

Splickety: Havoc. Theme: Holiday Cauldron. Genre: Flash fiction, 300-1000 words. Payment: $0.02 per word via PayPal. Deadline: July 28, 2017.

Blyant Publishing. Genre: Short fiction on theme of "Beginnings." Payment: £10 per 1000-word story, £15 per 1500- word story, £20 per 2000-word story, £25 per 2500-word story. Deadline: July 30, 2017.

Enchanted ConversationGenre: Fiction, poetry - fairy tales. Theme: Emperor's New Clothes. Payment: $30 per story, $10 per poem. Deadline: July 30, 2017.

Upper Rubber Boot: Sharp & Sugar Tooth: Women Up To No Good AnthologyGenre: Stories about the dark side of culinary life. "The emphasis should be on the preparation, or the consumption, of food—horrifying, mouth-watering stories that make us hungry despite ourselves." Payment: 6 cents/word. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

PantheonGenre: Fiction and poetry inspired by the god or goddess. Payment: 1 cent/word for fiction, $5 for poetry. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

LadybugGenre: Stories and poems for children ages 3 - 6. Theme: Our World. "Tell our readers about a cultural tradition you know well or take them to a new place, such as a train station, theater, orange grove, or dam. Investigate an everyday mystery (Where does our food come from?) or open their senses to the natural world. We’re looking for writing attuned to a young child’s interests and capacity for joy and wonder. We accept narrative nonfiction (to 800 words), nonfiction (to 400 words), poetry (to 20 lines), and proposals for short comics." Payment: Stories and articles: up to 25¢ per word. Poems: up to $3.00 per line; $25.00 minimum.  Deadline: July 31, 2017.

Cricket: Animals Behaving BadlyGenre: Children's literature (ages 9 to 14)  - "contemporary or historical fiction, retellings of folktales and legends, and nonfiction on the theme of problematic encounters between humans and animals. We welcome humorous stories about troublesome pets, dramatic dealings with wild animals, domestic adventures with backyard pests, warm-hearted friendships with skittish horses—even tales of imaginary animals that exist only in fantasy and legend. Whether you are inspired by stampeding buffalo, beasts from the deep, raccoons in the attic, or foxy tricksters, Cricket wants to see your best story for middle-grade readers (preferably of 1500 to1800 words)." Payment: Stories and articles: up to 25¢ per word, Poems: up to $3.00 per line; $25.00 minimum, Activities and recipes: $75.00 flat rate. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

3288 ReviewRestrictions: Open to current or former residents of West Michigan, or people who have some significant connection to the West Michigan region. Genres: Poetry, fiction, nonfiction. Payment: $25 - $50. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

CrannógGenres: Poetry, short stories. Payment: €50 per story, €30 per poem. Deadline: July 31, 2017. (Opens July 1)

Barking Sycamores is a literary journal entirely edited and operated by queer, neurodivergent people of color. Genres: Poetry, short fiction, hybrid genre, creative nonfiction, book reviews, and artwork submissions. They also welcome and publish essays about neurodivergence and the creation of literature. Payment: Not specified. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

Room: Family SecretsGenre: Short stories, poetry, CNF, and visual art. Room publishes “original work by women, including trans persons, gender-variant and two-spirit women, and women of non-binary sexual orientations.” “Payment: $50 CAD for one page, $60 for two pages, $90 for three pages, $120 for four pages, $150 for five or more pages. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

NonBinary Review. Theme: Fairy tales of Hans Christian Andersen. Genres: Fiction, CNF, poetry, and hybrid work. Payment: 1 cent/word (prose), $10 per poem. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

Virginia Quarterly. Genres: Poetry, fiction, nonfiction. Payment: $200 per poem, up to 4 poems; for a suite of 5 or more poems, usually pays $1,000. Short fiction, $1,000 and up. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

Third Point Press. Genres: Short fiction and poetry on theme of "Skin." Payment: $10. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

Martian Migraine Press: CHTHONIC: Weird Tales of Inner Earth. Genre: Speculative fiction. "We are looking for weird fiction that explores the mystique and terror of caverns, abyssal spaces, and subterranean worlds. As with previous MMP anthologies, we will be including a seed story from H. P. Lovecraft’s oeuvre (in this case, The Rats in the Walls, though many of his stories went underground). We want to see bizarre civilizations, mind-boggling physical and biological phenomena, horrific rituals, mad science and madder sorcery. We want to feel the tunnel floors beneath our feet shake with the passage of beasts, machines, and gods that have never seen the light of the sun; sentient oils, intelligent muck, living rock, molemen, formless spawn and Efts of the Prime, worms, Dholes, and ghastlier things." Payment: 3 cents (CAD) per word. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

The Pulp Horror Book of Phobias. Genre: Horror short stories about phobias. Payment: $50 per story. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

Barking Sycamores. Genre: Short stories by neurodivergent authors on theme of "Metamorphosis." Payment: Not specified. Deadline: July 31, 2017.

          Free programs at the New Castle Court House Museum in January 2016   
Lecture on the colonization of America and film about Martin Luther King to be featured.
          Comment on Hundreds attend ‘Comfort Women’ memorial dedication in Brookhaven by ruewarwick   
Greg, You asked me to explain what I meant by the wording ‘harsh colonization’. Our leaders told, spoke out and repeated and repeated what it means to the world and especially to Korean people. We Japanese are very much aware of dark side of Japan’s past imperialism. And we know that we Japanese should be grateful to the fact that we enjoy peace, prosperity and freedom for 72 years. But at the same time it is quite pity to learn our sincere apologies had been ignored, forgotten and got trampled on. You might say Japan just offered half-hearted apologies, but I think that is unfair. For example, former Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi, often described as a far-right nationalist because he visited Yasukuni shrine, also visited Seoul’s Seodaemun prison. This was where, during Japan’s rule of the Korean peninsula, colonial authorities incarcerated, tortured, and killed Korean independence leaders and their family members. Today the prison features a museum that explicitly details Japanese atrocities, and a monument to Korean independence leaders. Koizumi laid a wreath at the memorial and offered his “heartfelt remorse and apology for the tremendous damage and suffering Japan caused Korean people during its colonial rule.” Koizumi commented that after he viewed the prison exhibits, “I felt strong regret for the pains Korean people suffered during Japanese colonial rule. As a politician and a man, I believe we must not forget the pain of Korean people.” Koizumi’s apology was far from isolated. Another prime minister, Morihiro Hosokawa, gave another impressive apology during a trip to South Korea. He said: “During Japan's colonial rule over the Korean Peninsula, the Korean people were forced to suffer unbearable pain and sorrow in various ways. They were deprived of the opportunity to learn their mother tongue at school, they were forced to adopt Japanese names, forced to provide sex as ‘comfort women’ for Japanese troops, forced to provide labor. I hereby express genuine contrition and offer my deepest apologies for my country, the aggressor’s, acts.” Because these statements accepted Japanese guilt, enumerated Japanese crimes, and were offered at symbolic locations, I think they were not half-hearted apologies by any standard. And other Japanese leaders have offered several other important statements, including Tomiichi Murayama’s 1995 apology that subsequent governments (including Shinzo Abe’s) have reaffirmed. We Japanese know well that our leaders have apologized, so when those gestures are ignored and Tokyo is repeatedly asked to apologize again, we naturally protest. They argue that South Korean leaders are not truly interested in reconciliation, but are wielding the history weapon to score domestic and diplomatic points at Japan’s expense.
          Comment on The Best Probiotics: Understanding the Microbiome by Alex Swanson   
Hi Ash, Great question. My opinion is that they are best taken with food, with a focus on prebiotics in the meal. The survival rate has been pinned at 20-40% based on the strains, gastric acidity, and bile salts. The challenge is adherence to the mucosal cells - which certain strains appear to be better than others - therefore blocking harmful bacteria from attaching. The small intestine is more easily influenced, but prebiotics increases the ability of probiotics to colonize in the colon and not just pass through. Since you would consume probiotics with food - as found in fermented foods and drinks - it makes sense to me that supplemental probiotics should be taken with a meal for both colonization and protection against bad bacteria. It has been my experience with clients that taking probiotics during a meal or after yields the best response in terms of noticeable results in digestion.
          Comment on The One Belt One Road explained by isabel   
also one belt rd is use as expression for new way of colonization (globalization) much better that the one's bfore China-is doing that help the Countries with the natural-resources with infrastructure to help them grow but don't loosing the jobs in -China au contraire created more jobs in China guess who is agree to do the same PrezTrump & THEY-ELITES-WARMONGERS- are furious yup no more THEY-ROBBERY in Congo-SierraLeone-Rhodesia(Rhodes) now-Zimbabwe & on & on
          Comment on Forget Mars. Here’s Where We Should Build Our First Off-World Colonies by Archie Meijer   
An asteroid with enough of a shockwave would cause immediate global extinction, even if Earth would still be more inhabitable after evacuated people are returned. As for a plague, even if it didn't wipe everyone out having another planet could be a useful way of enabling a quarantine, even evacuating people tested at some way-station in space before moving them to a plague-free planet, moon, asteroid, or space station. However, more compelling reasons for space colonization are the research benefits from doing so, as well as some long-term economic benefits. There are resources in space and long-term economic benefits to developing them, even if the start-up costs are high.
          Genome-scale analysis of the genes that contribute to Burkholderia pseudomallei biofilm formation identifies a crucial exopolysaccharide biosynthesis gene cluster   
by Grace I. Borlee, Brooke A. Plumley, Kevin H. Martin, Nawarat Somprasong, Mihnea R. Mangalea, M. Nurul Islam, Mary N. Burtnick, Paul J. Brett, Ivo Steinmetz, David P. AuCoin, John T. Belisle, Dean C. Crick, Herbert P. Schweizer, Bradley R. Borlee Burkholderia pseudomallei, the causative agent of melioidosis, is an important public health threat due … Continua la lettura di Genome-scale analysis of the genes that contribute to <i>Burkholderia pseudomallei</i> biofilm formation identifies a crucial exopolysaccharide biosynthesis gene cluster
          Leptospira diversity in animals and humans in Tahiti, French Polynesia   
by Vanina Guernier, Vaea Richard, Tuxuan Nhan, Eline Rouault, Anita Tessier, Didier Musso Background Leptospirosis is a highly endemic bacterial zoonosis in French Polynesia (FP). Nevertheless, data on the epidemiology of leptospirosis in FP are scarce. We conducted molecular studies on Leptospira isolated from humans and the potential main animal reservoirs in order to identify … Continua la lettura di <i>Leptospira</i> diversity in animals and humans in Tahiti, French Polynesia
          Assessing process, content, and politics in developing the global health sector strategy on sexually transmitted infections 2016–2021: Implementation opportunities for policymakers   
by Andy Seale, Nathalie Broutet, Manjulaa Narasimhan Andrew Seale and colleagues discuss the development of a global strategy to counter sexually transmitted infections. Tratto da: All site content, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license.
          Comment on Friday Talking Points [443] -- You Crazy, Lunatic, 70-Year-Old Man-Baby by altohone   
Hey Liz Just went back and saw your response about keeping the tar sands oil in the ground, and self determination. etc. Here's a brief interview that raises some of the issues we discussed and more. I haven't had a chance to go digging, but I would suspect some similar sentiments have been expressed on big US anniversaries... though the details would vary some. A
          Commentaires sur Billet retour de France 24 sur la crise en Casamance: Le procureur doit s’auto-saisir (Par Boubacar Séye) par Babacar   
Vous les Francais, a partir du moment que vous vous etes lances dans la colonization vous n'etes exempt de tout reproche. Tous les problemes du monde actuels sont a votre cause. Si vous voulez ne plus etre indexes en Afrique, alors foutez nous la paix et vos pieds en dehors de nos pays. La France est in pays de profitards.
          White lies and black markets : evading metropolitan authority in colonial Suriname, 1650-1800 / by Karwan Fatah-Black.   
Published/Distributed:Leiden : Boston : Brill, [2015]
Subject(s):Black market - Suriname - History.
 Economic development - Suriname - History.
 Immigrants - Suriname - History.
 Netherlands - Commerce - Suriname.
 North America - Commerce - Suriname.
 Shipping - Suriname - History.
 Suriname - Colonization.
 Suriname - Commerce - Netherlands.
 Suriname - Commerce - North America.
 Suriname - Politics and government - To 1814.
Series:Atlantic world : Europe, Africa and the Americas, 1500-1830 ; volume 31
Location:YRL: HF5482.65.S75 F27 2015

          Palestinian labor and women’s organizations stand in solidarity with Jarrar and Saafin   
The Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees issued a statement, condemning the arrest of the president of the UPWC, Khitam Saafin and Palestinian leftist leader and parliamentarian Khalida Jarrar: The Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees strongly denounces the attack of occupation forces at dawn on Sunday, July 2, to arrest the Member of the Palestinian Legislative Council Khalida Jarrar and the President of the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees, Member of the Secretariat of the General Union of Palestinian Women, and feminist activst Khitam Saafin, after storming and ransacking their homes. The Union views this ongoing campaign of arrests as part of the continuing crimes of the occupation against the resistance to the occupation and oppression of the Palestinian people. The Union further confirmed that the political detention of the leaders of the women’s movement is part of many attempts to silence the free Palestinian voice that confrnts the occupation and its attacks on the Palestinian people. It calls on all Arab and international human rights organizatins to act to stop these attacks and demand the immediate release of all Palestinian prisoners. 2 July 2017 The Progressive Labor Union Front in Palestine also issued a statement on the seizure of Jarrar and Saafin by Israeli occupation forces: The Progressive Labor Union Front in Palestine condemns the attack of occupation forces who arrested the struggler Khalida Jarrar, member of the Palestinian Legislative Council, and the struggler Khitam Saafin, president of the Union of Palestinian Women’s Committees, along with the continuing extensive detention campaigns that affect all of our people and their strugglers. These arrests are racist, fascist actions aimed at silencing the voices of truth. The occupation is carrying out a desperate attempt to silence and subjugate the Palestinian people, taking advantage of the prevailing political situation and the humiliating actions of Arab regimes to normalize relations with the Zionist entity alongside the silence of the official Palestinian leadership and identification with the U.S. “requirements” and conditions for American satisfaction with the region. The Progressive Labor Union Front confirmed that both Khalida Jarrar and Khitam Saafin represent a model of leadership that prioritizes the issues and concerns of the Palestinian people, confronting all forms of political and social oppression. The Palestinian people have experienced over 100 years of colonization and has confronted and resisted through struggle. Our people are capable of continuing the struggle and will respond to all attempts to undermine their will and steadfastness to seek their legitimate rights. The Progressive Labor Union Front called on labor and trade union organizations of the world to advocate for freedom, social justice and people’s issues and stand together to demand an end to the suffering of the Palestinian people and the occupation’s racist and fascist attacks on the people and their leaders and strugglers. 2 July 2017  
          CONSTRUCTIVE FEEDBACK UNIVERSITY - The Metal For The Golden Calf Is Being Smelted: If Someone Pours Gasoline On Atlanta's New "LGBT Crosswalk" To Destroy This MONUMENT Is It A Hate Crime, Unlike The Recent Acts Against Other Monuments?   



          Space Expedition to EPIC 204 Map 1.12/1.11.2 for Minecraft   

Space Expedition to EPIC 204 Map 1.12/1.11.2 for Minecraft is a survival map created by Caplex OathBros. This map retakes you to the beginning of space colonization. With a growing population and limited resources, humanity has begun to explore the stars for a suitable new home. The search has taken them far. In this game, you […]

The post Space Expedition to EPIC 204 Map 1.12/1.11.2 for Minecraft appeared first on Minecraft 1.11.2.

          Session: High Frontier (3rd edition):: first Interstellar play   

by rbelikov

I just played Interstellar for the first time, and must say it was freakin' awesome! It really felt like a dramatic hard sci-fi interstellar voyage. Though it did require reading the rules all the way through about 3 times before I felt comfortable enough to start. Probably took about a month of sporadic reading.

I did a colonization start since in my last colonization game (which was itself awesome), I had completed the Enzmann starship future. Technically speaking, I think I was supposed to announce starshot and leave the colonization game (which I did not since I didn't know interstellar rules at the time). But, I think the colonization game only lasted for 2 more rounds after the Enzmann future, so leaving early would probably not have made much difference. (By the way, I think I may prefer allowing the starshot player to continue playing colonization, since otherwise the player is incentivized to delay starshots till the end, which is somewhat unthematic.)

The starting starship contained:

Starship stack:
Colliding FRC 3He-D Fusion (2 * 0.5)
Z-pinch 3He-D Target Fusion Freighter (generator + reactor)
Z-pinch Microfission generator (I think I forgot I already had a generator...)
two radiator cards

Islamic Refugees (Vats)
Vatican Observers
Cryo-Librarians (they epic-failed a Time Vault future in colonization, but that is a story for another day)
Squid Turing Robot
Wakefield e-beam robonaut.

6 mobile factory cubes

60 tanks of fuel

The Sol exit was Jupiter, and I was lucky enough to pass the radiation and flyby hazards completely unharmed. My 60 tanks of fuel in theory enabled 2 speedups to 8%c and 3 slowdowns to get to Alpha Centauri, a 96-year voyage.

I Shortly after leaving, I realized that I had no Network professionals, so no way to remotely explore Alpha Centauri (d'oh!). That was the start of my undoing. I figured I have no choice but to work on creating a Network robonaut to remotely explore Alpha Centauri en route, and I had a little bit of time to decide on the star target and before I needed to slow down. I also figured my priorities were to cure cancer (since I had an endowment from the right wing family values politics), get the Islamic refugees working (why should they relax in the Vats?!), and get that Network robonaut.

A lucky roll gave me the cure for cancer breakthrough very early on. However, I believe cancer has never come up in the entire voyage!

Then I tried figuring out how to get another Bernal to support the refugees out the the Vats. However, I do not believe that is possible. The problem was solved for me very quickly though. A major early Gray Goo outbreak and an unlucky roll killed the NASA crew and so out of the vats the Islamic Refugees went to replace them.

The rest of the crew focused on research to get that Newtork robonaut, but amazingly all of those research operations (3, I think) failed. This was quite unlucky since they all had between 50 and 83% chance of succeeding. There were one or two marriages, but otherwise humans were so busy with research and other work that they did not have any time for parenthood. You see, everybody was concerned with checking whether Alpha Centauri has planets, and fixing the wave of technical problems that were appearing.

The TW thruster performed admirably for the first half of the voyage, accelerating as planned with no glitches or other problems. Passing through the local interstellar cloud has eroded the Bernal EM shields twice, but the robonaut dutifully repaired them. The robot 3D printed itself as well as the robonaut to keep them from getting old along with other work.

The humans did not fare as well. After the Gray Goo outbreak, a string of unlucky accidents and Alzheimer's followed, wiping out the entire crew except for the Islamic Refugees somewhere in the middle of the voyage or shortly afterwards. With all the scientists gone, I had to give up on research and decided to just take my chances and go to Alpha Centauri without knowing what's there first. I only had one human passenger group remaining -- the Islamic Refugees, and the priorities shifted to them making babies. However, at 48 years old, they failed.

The next round, at 60 years old, the refugees decided that parenthood is too risky, and so they had a choice: go back to the Vats or stay alert and bioengineer the next generation. (I had not realized at the time that you can only bioengineer when colonizing -- otherwise they may have gone to the Vats or I may have given parenting another shot.) In the autumn of their lives, the decision was made to promote themselves into Group Mind Immortalists (GMIs) and then go back to school to learn biotech, getting two 2 green profession disks.

In the meantime, the reliable TW thruster started glitching over the second half of the voyage and its radiators suffered one or two strikes. Amazingly, the robot and robonaut were able to repair it every single time, so deceleration could proceed on schedule. There was an extremely close call where radiators were destroyed and new ones needed to be researched. The humans had just completed their biotech training, which allowed them to research radiators in the wet nano lab by using dead crew from the graveyard. The radiators were then built by the robot or robonaut and the starship decelerated to Alpha Centauri on schedule. In a manner of speaking, the deceleration involved heat being dissipated by literally the blood and guts of the dead crew.

The passage by Proxima Centauri proceeded uneventfully, but just as the starship decelerated to a dead stop in the Alpha Centauri system, 96 years after the voyage started, the remaining aging humans finally succumbed to their stress (8 disks) and had a fatal accident. Their research into radiators needed to decelerate was heroic and successful, but sadly prevented them from going into the safety of the Vats.

In the Alpha Centauri system, the spacewalker robonaut was finally close enough to explore the planetary system. A habitable planet was found, along with a fuel planet. However, neither the robot nor robonaut were intelligent enough to learn biotech and bioengineer a new human presence on the new world, nor intelligent enough to research a biotech-capable robot. Although there is a fuel planet in the system, a Gas Giant was needed for the Helium-3 fuel of this particular starship (S-type). Since there is no Gas Giant in the system (which is actually known to be true in real life!), the starship is destined to remain where it is forever.

When the first living humans set foot on the warm and inviting shores of the world around Alpha Centauri, they may in the distance see a starship of old, a monument to the first tragic voyage that nonetheless successfully traversed interstellar distances, landed and explored a habitable planet, a vanguard of the human race into the galaxy.

PS A number of rules questions came up:
          Thread: Eminent Domain:: Strategy:: What am I doing wrong? 2 player games end too quickly.   

by Anarchosyn

I'll be brief.

A few months back I picked up the whole bundle -- Eminent Domain, Escalation and the third one (I've still not touched). I played the core game a few times, enjoyed it, but then put it on the shelf for an unexpectedly long time.

Anyhoo, my girlfriend and I have pulled the game off the shelf, cracked escalation and delved back in. Fun little game, but something has changed in our understanding of the game as our sessions seem to be ending before anybody has even level 2 technologies.

The culprit is the 1 deck exhausted condition, and that deck has been colonize every time. I haven't looked closely at the planet decks (starting or otherwise), but 5 colonize seem to be what we've regularly had to satisfy.

Since drawing the roll is the only way to really get multiple down in a single turn, that has dominated our early turns. By the time we're ready to switch gears into research or production, there tends to be 1-3 cards left in the stack (perilously close to the end).

I don't remember our original sessions suffering this issue, but having reread the rules I'm failing to see what we're doing wrong. Is this the way it rolls with two if both focus on colonization vs. warfare?
          We Can Now Build Biomolecules From Computer Code — No Humans Necessary   
Futurism IN BRIEF Synthetic Genomics has created a digital-to-biological converter that uses digital code to create biologics like DNA, RNA, proteins, and viral particles. This may have major implications for space colonization, fighting disease outbreaks, and personalized medicine. DIGITAL-TO-BIOLOGICAL CONVERTER People often describe DNA as the “blueprint” for life, and geneticist J. Craig Venter and his team […]
          Comment on Thank You, Winston Churchill: The House of Saud and the UK, A Bloody Marriage Begun a Century Ago by jason voorhees   
JASON Y The cruel irony was the correlation between industry and post-colonization. The British needed workers for their factories especially in "mill-towns" like Bradford so immediately thousands of Pakistanis and Bangladeshis poured in. Jamaicans did not seek any work at all. There was a period of time when they were allowed to stay in the UK, so they did. But essentially the last throes of mass-industrialization occurred as Britain was withdrawing from former colonies so South Asians and Africans and Caribbeans got on the boat.
          Comment on Puerto Rican Activist Oscar López Rivera on Freedom and Decolonization by Puerto Rican Activist Oscar López Rivera on Freedom and Decolonization – Caribbean In/Securities: Creativity and Negotiation in the Caribbean (CARISCC)   
[…] Source: Puerto Rican Activist Oscar López Rivera on Freedom and Decolonization […]
          At 12K Feet, Humans Did the Unimaginable   
Researchers call it one of the "last frontiers of human colonization": very high elevations where the oxygen is sparse and the temperatures are icy. Now research out of the Andean highlands of South America suggests the humans who braved such conditions more than 7,000 years ago did so in...
          Colonization by the endophyte Piriformospora indica leads to early flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana likely by triggering gibberellin biosynthesis.   

Colonization by the endophyte Piriformospora indica leads to early flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana likely by triggering gibberellin biosynthesis.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 Jun 28;:

Authors: Kim D, Abdelaziz ME, Ntui VO, Guo X, Al-Babili S

Piriformospora indica is an endophytic fungus colonizing roots of a wide variety of plants. Previous studies showed that P. indica promotes early flowering and plant growth in the medicinal plant Coleus forskohlii. To determine the impact of P. indica on flowering time in Arabidopsis, we co-cultivated the plants with P. indica under long day condition. P. indica inoculated Arabidopsis plants displayed significant early flowering phenotype. qRT-PCR analysis of colonized plants revealed an up-regulation of flowering regulatory (FLOWERING LOCUS T, LEAFY, and APETALA1) and gibberellin biosynthetic (Gibberellin 20-Oxidase2, Gibberellin 3-Oxidase1 and Gibberellin requiring1) genes, while the flowering-repressing gene FLOWERING LOCUS C was down regulated. Quantification of gibberellins content showed that the colonization with P. indica caused an increase in GA4 content. Compared to wild-type plants, inoculation of the Arabidopsis ga5 mutant affected in gibberellin biosynthetic gene led to less pronounced changes in the expression of genes regulating flowering and to a lower increase in GA4 content. Taken together, our data indicate that P. indica promotes early flowering in Arabidopsis likely by increasing gibberellin content.

PMID: 28668394 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

          Hemorrhoids Herbs - About Urinary Tract Infection - Prevention And Treatments   
hemorrhoids herbs: Urinary tract infection, or UTI, is colonization of microorganisms in the urinary tract in such an amount and such a way that damages or symptoms are produced. When only the urethra and the bladder is affected, it is called lower urinary tract... hemorrhoids herbs