Empleos - Jefe De Planificación Y Administración De Ventas   
Capital Federal C, Argentina
...a su cargo.La función reportará al Gerente Comercial y desarrollará, entre otras, las siguientes funciones:•Relevamiento y análisis de planificación de ventas por canal, planificación de demanda, ingreso en ...
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          Empleos - Analista Impositivo Semi Senior   
Capital Federal C, Argentina
...solicita un Contador/a o Estudiante en el ultimo año de la carrera. Sus principales funciones serán: el Análisis de Cuentas Contables, Liquidación de Impuestos Nacionales, Provinciales y Municipales, Manejo de aplicativos (afip y Rentas) Se requiere en forma excluyente una experiencia no menor a 2 años en posición similar y conocimientos de sap, jd Edwards y/o Tango. Jornada ...
thejobsolutions.com

          Empleos - Responsable de Seguridad e Higiene   
Capital Federal C, Argentina
...un Responsable de Seguridad e Higiene para su sede central en Buenos Aires. Sus principales funciones y responsabilidades serán: - Cumplimiento de las normas y procedimientos de seguridad, higiene y medio ambiente. - Realizar visitas a las distintas bases en el interior para supervisar personalmente a los Jefes en Seguridad e Higiene y para tender a la mejora de las condiciones de ...
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          Singtel Innov8 ต้นแบบของ Corporate VC ฝั่งเอเชีย กับบทเรียนการลงทุนในสหรัฐ-อิสราเอล   

Singtel Innov8 (อ่านว่า "อินโนเวท") เป็นหน่วยลงทุนในสังกัดของ Singtel โอเปอเรเตอร์รายใหญ่ของเอเชียจากสิงคโปร์ หน้าที่ของ Innov8 คือเป็น corporate venture capital (CVC) ที่ออกไปลงทุนในบริษัทเทคโนโลยีทั่วโลก เพื่อสนับสนุนการทำธุรกิจของ Singtel ให้มีประสิทธิภาพมากขึ้น

ในยุคที่บริษัทยักษ์ใหญ่ของไทยแทบทุกรายประกาศทำ CVC ต้องถือว่า Innov8 เป็นต้นแบบของ CVC รายแรกๆ ในภูมิภาคนี้ (เริ่มทำปี 2011) และถือเป็นรายที่ประสบความสำเร็จมากรายหนึ่งด้วย

ในโอกาสที่คุณ Edgar Hardless ซีอีโอของ Innov8 เดินทางมายังเมืองไทย Blognone ก็มีโอกาสได้สัมภาษณ์เพื่อรับทราบประสบการณ์เหล่านี้

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อะไรคือเป้าหมายของ Innov8

Innov8 เป็น corporate venture capital (CVC) ในเครือ Singtel ดังนั้นเป้าหมายในการลงทุนจึงไม่ใช่ผลกำไรเป็นตัวเงินเหมือนกับ VC ทั่วไป แต่เป็นการลงทุนเพื่อสนับสนุนธุรกิจโอเปอเรเตอร์และดิจิทัลของ Singtel ให้ก้าวหน้าต่อไปได้ เราจึงเข้าไปลงทุนในบริษัทด้านต่างๆ เช่น เทคโนโลยีเครือข่าย ระบบความปลอดภัย AI ฯลฯ เพื่อเข้าถึงและนำเทคโนโลยีเหล่านี้มาใช้กับ Singtel

การวัดผลยังไม่จำเป็นต้องกลับมาเป็นตัวเงินอย่างการขายหุ้น IPO หรือบริษัทถูกซื้อกิจการโดยยักษ์ใหญ่ แต่อาจเป็นว่าเราไปลงทุนในบริษัทเจ้าของเทคโนโลยีส่งคลื่นความถี่ cellular ที่ประหยัดพลังงานกว่าเดิม 5% เมื่อนำมาใช้กับฐานลูกค้าของ Singtel กว่า 600 ล้านคนในเอเชีย-แอฟริกา แค่นี้ก็ลดต้นทุนได้มหาศาลแล้ว

กรอบการลงทุนของ Innov8 เลือกลงทุนอย่างไร

Innov8 มีงบประมาณสำหรับลงทุน 250 ล้านดอลลาร์ ต้องบอกว่ากองทุนของเราจะมีขนาดเม็ดเงินคงที่เสมอ ต่อให้ลงทุนแล้วได้กำไรกลับมา เราก็จะนำกลับมาเติมในกองทุนให้เป็น 250 ล้านดอลลาร์เช่นเดิม (evergreen fund) ด้วยเหตุผลอย่างที่กล่าวไปแล้วว่าเป้าหมายหลักไม่ใช่ผลตอบแทนเป็นตัวเงิน แต่เป็นการลงทุนเชิงยุทธศาสตร์

ตอนนี้เรามีบริษัทที่เข้าไปลงทุนประมาณ 60 บริษัท รายชื่อบริษัทเราไม่ได้เปิดเผยทั้งหมด (มีบางส่วนบนเว็บ Innov8) สัดส่วนการลงทุนแบบคร่าวๆ คือลงทุนในสหรัฐอเมริกาประมาณ 50%, อิสราเอล 25% และที่เหลือคือในเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้ (มีบริษัทไทย 2 รายที่ไม่เปิดเผยว่าเป็นบริษัทใด)

ที่ผ่านมา บริษัทที่เราเข้าไปลงทุนสามารถเติบโตระดับ Unicorn ได้ 3 รายคือ Jasper, Rocket Wireless และ Arista ซึ่งทั้งสามรายเป็นบริษัทในสหรัฐ แต่นอกจากบริษัทระดับ Unicorn ก็ยังมีอีกหลายบริษัทที่ exit ด้วยมูลค่าที่ดี

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Edgar Hardless ซีอีโอของ Innov8

อะไรคือเหตุผลที่ Singtel เน้นการลงทุนในสหรัฐอเมริกาและอิสราเอลเป็นหลัก

กรณีของสหรัฐอเมริกาคงตรงไปตรงมา เพราะเป็นตลาดไอทีที่ใหญ่ที่สุดในโลก นวัตกรรมด้านดิจิทัลที่ก้าวหน้าที่สุดในโลกย่อมอยู่ในสหรัฐ

ส่วนอิสราเอล เหตุผลคือเป็นประเทศที่มีบริษัทสตาร์ตอัพด้าน network และ security ที่โดดเด่นมากแห่งหนึ่งของโลก ซึ่งสอดคล้องกับธุรกิจของ Singtel อยู่แล้ว

แนวคิดของ Singtel คือการนำนวัตกรรมเหล่านี้ที่เกิดในสหรัฐและอิสราเอล เข้ามาสู่ภูมิภาคเอเชียแปซิฟิก ดังนั้นเวลาเราไปคุยกับสตาร์ตอัพเหล่านี้ หลายบริษัทไม่ได้ต้องการเงินลงทุนเพียงอย่างเดียว แต่ในทางกลับกันก็สามารถใช้ประโยชน์จากเครือข่ายของ Singtel ในการเข้ามาทำตลาดเอเชียเช่นกัน ถือเป็นจุดแข็งอีกอย่างหนึ่งของเรา

มองสภาพตลาดสตาร์ตอัพในประเทศไทยอย่างไร

ในฐานะที่ Singtel Innov8 เข้ามาเกี่ยวข้องกับสตาร์ตอัพในไทยตั้งแต่แรกๆ (ผ่าน AIS ที่เป็นบริษัทในเครือ Singtel) ก็ต้องบอกว่าวงการสตาร์ตอัพไทยพัฒนาขึ้น ทั้งในเชิงคุณภาพและปริมาณ แต่เรื่องพวกนี้ต้องใช้เวลายาวนานกว่าจะเห็นผล อย่างในซิลิคอนวัลเลย์เองก็ต้องใช้เวลา 50-60 ปีกว่าจะสั่งสมมาได้ขนาดนี้ ดังนั้นต้องใจเย็นๆ

สิ่งที่แวดวงสตาร์ตอัพไทยยังขาดแคลนมากคือ ยังขาด experienced mentor หรือผู้ประกอบการที่เคยประสบความสำเร็จมาแล้ว รู้วิธีการบริหารสตาร์ตอัพ รู้วิธีการขยายตลาดไปนอกประเทศ ซึ่งประสบการณ์ของคนเหล่านี้จะเป็นประโยชน์มากต่อสตาร์ตอัพรุ่นใหม่ๆ และข้อได้เปรียบของสตาร์ตอัพในสหรัฐอเมริกาคือมีคนแบบนี้เยอะมาก คนที่เป็น serial entrepreneur ทำบริษัทสำเร็จมาแล้วหลายครั้ง

ข้อจำกัดของสตาร์ตอัพไทย และรวมถึงสตาร์ตอัพในเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้ประเทศอื่นๆ ด้วย คือยังขาด mindset ในการออกสู่ภูมิภาคนี้ เพราะตลาดประเทศเดียวไม่ใหญ่พอที่จะสร้างบริษัทขนาดใหญ่ได้ ทำธุรกิจไปถึงระดับหนึ่งแล้ว ยังไงก็ต้องพัฒนาตัวเองเป็นบริษัทระดับภูมิภาค

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ในฐานะที่ Innov8 เป็น CVC ที่ประสบความสำเร็จ มีบทเรียนอะไรอยากบอก CVC รุ่นใหม่ๆ บ้าง

สิ่งสำคัญที่สุดคือต้องรู้ตัวเองให้ชัดว่า เป้าหมายของการตั้ง CVC คืออะไรกันแน่ ทุกบริษัทที่ตั้ง CVC รู้ดีว่านวัตกรรมอยู่ภายนอกบริษัท แต่จะนำนวัตกรรมมาใช้ให้เหมาะกับธุรกิจเดิมของบริษัทอย่างไรให้เหมาะสม เป็นเรื่องที่แต่ละบริษัทต้องหาคำตอบกันเอง ดังนั้นการรู้ว่าเราต้องการอะไรจากโครงการ CVC จึงเป็นเรื่องสำคัญมาก

ในฐานะนักลงทุนด้านเทคโนโลยี คุณมองว่าเทคโนโลยีอะไรน่าจับตา

  • AR/VR เป็นเรื่องใหญ่ โดยเฉพาะ AR ที่ผสานเข้ากับโลกความจริงได้ดีกว่า VR
  • machine learning
  • การนำหุ่นยนต์มาใช้ในกระบวนการผลิต หรือที่เรียกว่า Robotic Process Automation (RPA)

          सोशल मीडिया पर भी छाया जीएसटी, लोगो ने कहा, नोट बंदी जानलेवा हमला तो जीएसटी मृत्युदंड   

नई दिल्ली | आज सोशल मीडिया पर सबसे हॉट टॉपिक के रूप में जीएसटी सबसे ऊपर चल रहा है. फेसबुक और ट्विटर पर लोग जीएसटी को लेकर खूब मजे ले रहे है. जहाँ कुछ यूजर नए कर सुधार के लिए मोदी सरकार की सरहाना कर रहे है तो कुछ ऐसे भी है जो प्रधानमंत्री मोदी और […]

The post सोशल मीडिया पर भी छाया जीएसटी, लोगो ने कहा, नोट बंदी जानलेवा हमला तो जीएसटी मृत्युदंड appeared first on Kohram News.


          Epreuves du Concours ASECNA   

Epreuves du Concours ASECNA Créée en 1963, l’Ecole Africaine de la Météorologie et de l’Aviation Civile (EAMAC) est installée à Niamey (Niger), capitale politique et administrative du Niger, dans le quartier Plateau. Établissement Public à caractère administratif, l’EAMAC est une des trois (3) écoles de l’Agence pour la Sécurité de la Navigation Aérienne en Afrique …

Cet article Epreuves du Concours ASECNA est apparu en premier sur Concoursn.com.


          Curry por 201   

Como se esperaba, los Warriors pusieron todo su esfuerzo para retener a Stephen Curry, quien finalmente pasó a tener un salario acorde a su condición de estrella luego de cobrar la temporada anterior "apenas" 12 millones.

El reciente campeón con los Warriors firmó un contrato de 201 millones de dólares por los próximos cinco años, que lo pone como el mejor pagado de la NBA y de todas las ligas profesionales de Estados Unidos.

Curry ahora superará en salario a LeBron James, de Cleveland, que fue el primero en felicitar a su rival una vez que se enteró de la renovación de su colega.

FILE - In this May 30, 2016, file photo, fans cheer as Golden State Warriors guard Stephen Curry yells after the Warriors defeated the Oklahoma City Thunder in Game 7 of the NBA basketball Western Conference finals in Oakland, Calif. One of the NBA's biggest bargains until now, Curry is about to receive his massive payday.  Golden State general manager Bob Myers said Friday, June 30, 2017, the Warriors will finalize a contract with the two-time MVP once the free agency moratorium ends July 6.  (AP Photo/Ben Margot, File)

Anoche a primera hora se largó la carrera de negociaciones y renovaciones entre los jugadores y los equipos de la NBA, en lo que se denomina "agencia libre". Los contratos negociados desde el 1 de julio y hasta el seis de este mes se empezarán a firmar quedarán oficializados a partir del viernes próximo.

Entre otras operaciones que fueron adelantadas por distintos medios de comunicación, el alero Paul George, de Indiana Pacers, pasó a Oklahoma City Thunder a cambio de Victor Oladipo y Domantas Sabonis.

Feb 13, 2017; Indianapolis, IN, USA; Indiana Pacers forward Paul George (13) is fouled by San Antonio Spurs guard Mano Ginobili (20) at Bankers Life Fieldhouse. Mandatory Credit: Brian Spurlock-USA TODAY Sports eeuu manu Ginobili basquet liga NBA basquetbolistas partido Indiana Pacers vs spurs

También, los Warriors se aseguraron la renovación de otra pieza capital en su esquema: Shaun Livingston. A sus 31 años, el escolta ha alcanzado un acuerdo por tres temporadas y 24 millones de dólares. El tercer año del acuerdo estaría parcialmente garantizado: sólo 2 de los 8 millones quedarían asegurados para el jugador.

Otro equipo que rompió la chequera fue Los Angeles Clippers: extendieron el contrato del ala pivote Blake Griffin a cambio de 173 millones por cinco temporadas, lo que convierte su acuerdo en el segundo más importante de la NBA. 

Además, se produjeron otros movimientos y, a la espera de la firma del acuerdo, otras negociaciones contractuales estarían encaminadas:

Tony Snell continuaría en Milwaukee por cinco campañas y 46.000.000.

Patty Mills habría sellado un acuerdo para continuar en San Antonio hasta 2021 (4 temporadas), por los que recibiría 50 millones.

SAN ANTONIO,TX - APRIL 25 : Patty Mills #8 of the San Antonio Spurs congratulates Manu Ginobili #20 of the San Antonio Spurs after a defensive effort against the Memphis Grizzlies in Game Five of the Western Conference Quarterfinals during the 2017 NBA Playoffs at AT&T Center on April 25, 2017 in San Antonio, Texas. NOTE TO USER: User expressly acknowledges and agrees that , by downloading and or using this photograph, User is consenting to the terms and conditions of the Getty Images License Agreement.   Ronald Cortes/Getty Images/AFP
== FOR NEWSPAPERS, INTERNET, TELCOS & TELEVISION USE ONLY == eeuu emanuel ginobili Patty Mills campeonato torneo liga nba n.b.a basquet basquetbolistas partido san antonio spurs Memphis Grizzlies

Jeff Teague ficharía por Minnesota a cambio de 57.000.000 por tres campañas.

Cristiano Felicio no se movería de Chicago, con los que firmaría por 32 millones y tres temporadas.

Jrue Holiday seguiría en New Orleans, a cambio de 126 millones por cinco temporadas.

New Orleans Pelicans forward Anthony Davis, right, celebrates with guard Jrue Holiday (11) during the second half of an NBA basketball game against the Utah Jazz in New Orleans, Tuesday, Dec. 16, 2014. The Pelicans won 119-111. (AP Photo/Jonathan Bachman) eeuu anthony davis jrue holiday basquet liga nba basquet liga nba basquetbolistas new orleans pelicans


          Fairline North Mallorca awarded Dealer of the Year   

Photo

Leading luxury Motor Yacht manufacturer, Fairline Boats hosted its annual dealer conference on Tuesday 11th June at Rushton Hall, highlighting its new state-of-the-art manufacturing facility and 48ft range.  The conference saw the Targa 48 OPEN being unveiled to Fairline’s global dealers ahead of its world debut in July, and included a tour of the new manufacturing facility, presentations from key suppliers, and an awards dinner.  The awards ceremony celebrated the best in category for Fairline dealers including the Service Excellence Award, the Vision & Investment Award and the Dealer of the Year Award.   

The full list of awards and winners in each category include: 

Service Excellence Award – Fairline Channel Islands

Marketing Innovation Award – Fairline Florida

Dealer of the Year Award – Fairline North Mallorca

Vision & Investment Award – Fairline Turkey

Vision & Investment Award – Fairline India

James Robinson, Sales and Marketing Director at Fairline Boats, commented: “The 2013 Fairline Dealer Conference has truly highlighted the incredibly high standards of Fairline dealers worldwide.  The award winners epitomise the innovation, vision and customer service that Fairline is renowned for.

“We are very proud of our dealerships, and see them as a vital part of making Fairline Boats the world-class luxury brand that it is.  Their intimate local knowledge and experience ensures we can offer a consistently high level of service right around the world.”     

The 2013 Fairline Dealer Conference also included business updates from Fairline and Better Capital and gave Fairline suppliers the opportunity to network with individual dealers.


          Lord Digby Jones Kt officially opens new Corby facility   

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The launch highlights the completion of a year-long project to redevelop the facility, resulting in the new mixed model production line for boats from 38 to 50 feet, along with dedicated centres of excellence for moulding and furniture production, and the introduction of resin infusion technology. The changes have secured Fairline’s position at the forefront of the industry for its class-leading manufacturing facilities, and paved the way for its future growth and development. 

To coincide with the launch event, Fairline Boats announced the great news that the company has returned to profit following three years of losses, with sales up 4% for 2012 at £82.6m.

Invited guests were given business updates by Fairline’s CEO, Alistair Schofield, Stephen Ahmad of RBS, and Peter Williamson, Fairline’s Chairman and Operating Partner at Better Capital. The presentations highlighted Fairline’s aims for the future including expanding its range from eight models to 15, increasing the presence of its worldwide dealer network and continuing to grow new and expanding markets. 

Guest of honour, Lord Digby Jones Kt, was treated to a tour of the new facility before unveiling a plaque to commemorate the official opening of the factory. Lord Digby spoke of the importance of British manufacturing and the opportunity that exists for UK businesses that align themselves appropriately for the future.


          Learn The Ways to Book Cheap Flight Tickets to Boston And Berlin   

Boston is one of the oldest cities and the capital of Massachusetts, the United States. And Berlin, the capital of Germany is known for its turbulent history.


          Re: Regulatory Board Recognises Validity of Publicly-Listed Patent Attorney Structures   

Hi Doug,

I can't speak for New Zealand, but I think you are overestimating the power of Australian competition law, and of the ACCC to enforce it. Even if the three listed groups were to merge all of their firms we would still have more competition than we do in the supermarket sector, and less price matching than we see in the fuel market. It takes an awful lot to 'substantially lessen competition'. So long as consumers have a genuine choice between genuine competitors (even just two or three, although there is obviously much more competition than that in the Australian IP market) it is unlikely that the arrangements will fall foul of any provisions of the Australian Competition and Consumer Act 2010.

It is also worth noting that consolidation is recognised by economists as a natural consequence of a maturing market across many industries, and it is not the role of competition law to interfere with this process merely because it results in a reduction in the number of independent competitors. Indeed, consolidation can result in efficiencies, concentration of capital and economies of scale that lead to reduction in prices and/or expansion in the range of goods/services available that are beneficial to consumers and the economy.

You will note that it is not so much the Board alluding to competition concerns. The passage you quote is reporting the non-listed firms' stated concerns - hardly a disinterested opinion! Further, I think it is safe to assume that the whole of Part C, Section 1-4 of the paper is essentially a cut-and-paste of Professor Christie's report to the Board. The mooted competition issue is not taken up at all in the Board's views and proposals in Section C.5. What the Board takes out of the 67% figure is that the 'listed group scenario' is a 'significant commercial reality'.

I also happen to know that at least one of the listed firms actually wrote to the ACCC, out of an abundance of caution, to notify them of at least one of their intended acquisitions. From what I hear, not an eyelid was batted. And I am not at all surprised.

Mark


          Comment on How to market your small business in a cost efficient manner by FinancierSEO   
Great ideas here. I recently a book, The Power of Broke, by Daymond John, that details different ways small businesses with little capital can market and surpass the major players in their industry. Recommended read for any small business owner.
          Never tell women of the dangers.   
This is something more than apoplexy, I remarked; still observing terror.
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This meant to shake the influence of her husband, which in reality it did, as was arrested for high treason, a charge which could not be supported, Beaufort hired assassins to murder him.
Mr. Wycherley was amongst the first authors of whom he for some time lived in the most unreserved intimacy.
          Industrial Blanket Fabricator - Brock Canada - Conklin, AB   
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          Departamento EN VENTA   
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          Departamento EN VENTA en Inmomap   
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          Closing Yemen’s key airport puts millions at risk, aid groups warn   

A Saudi-led coalition’s ongoing closure of Yemen’s main airport in the rebel-held capital Sana’a puts millions of lives in the war-torn country at risk, 12 aid groups said on Sunday.


          Brussels airport departure hall partially reopens after attacks   

The departure hall at the Brussels international airport partially reopened on Sunday, nearly six weeks after it was damaged during terrorist attacks on the Belgian capital.


          Brussels airport to reopen after city sees rioting over attacks   

The international airport in Brussels is due to partially reopen on Sunday following suicide bombing attacks that killed more than 30 people in the Belgian capital last month, its operator said.


          Brussels airport remains closed as police threaten strikes   

Brussels airport remained closed Friday, 10 days after suicide bomb attacks that killed more than 30 in the Belgian capital, as police unions blocked the resumption of operations, demanding additional security measures.


          Comment on "Flights Rotting in the Airfields" by Steve Sailer   
My late cousin was an international pilot for one of the major carriers, but he worked his way up from private pilot to Capital Air, Republic Airlines, Mohawk Airlines, Alleghany Airlines etc. Then magically at the age of 60 he was no longer allowed to fly commercial passengers planes...too old. So he was forced to...
          Ο κίνδυνος φτώχειας και η ανισοκατανομή εισοδήματος απειλή για την κοινωνική συνοχή    
Ο κίνδυνος φτώχειας και η ανισοκατανομή εισοδήματος απειλή για την κοινωνική συνοχή
ΑΝΑΛΥΣΗ ΤΗΣ ALPHA BANK
Πολλαπλές και πολυεπίπεδες επιπτώσεις τόσο στην οικονομία όσο και στην κοινωνική δομή έχουν ο υψηλός κίνδυνος φτώχειας και η μεγάλη εισοδηματική ανισότητα που καταγράφεται στην Ελλάδα.
Τις σημαντικές οικονομικές και κοινωνικές επιπτώσεις από τον υψηλό κίνδυνο φτώχειας και την άνιση κατανομή του εισοδήματος, παραθέτει η Alpha Bank στο εβδομαδιαίο δελτίο για την πορεία της οικονομίας. Αναλύοντας τα στοιχεία από τις σχετικές έρευνες που δημοσιοποίησε η Ελληνική Στατιστική Αρχή, η Alpha Bank σημειώνει ότι η διεύρυνση των κοινωνικών ανισοτήτων και του ποσοστού φτώχειας σε συνδυασμό με την ανεργία μπορούν να προκαλέσουν διαταραχή στην κοινωνική συνοχή.
Σημειώνεται ότι η Ελλάδα κατέχει το δεύτερο υψηλότερο ποσοστό κινδύνου φτώχειας μετά την Ισπανία, στους νέους ηλικίας 20-29 ετών αλλά το σχετικά χαμολότερο ποσοστό στους συνταξιούχους.  Το υψηλό ποσοστό φτώχειας που παρατηρείται στου νέους είναι συνδεδεμένο με το πολύ υψηλό ποσοστό ανεργίας των νέων, τόσο στην Ελλάδα όσο και στην Ισπανία. Το  ποσοστό ανεργίας των νέων ηλικίας 20-29 το 2016 ανήλθε στο 31,4% στην Ισπανία και στο 37,7% στην Ελλάδα. Όσον αφορά στο ποσοστό των συνταξιούχων που βρίσκονται σε κίνδυνο φτώχειας, παρατηρείται ότι η Ελλάδα καταγράφει το χαμηλότερο σχετικά ποσοστό σε σχέση με τις υπόλοιπες χώρες της ΕΕ.
Συγκεκριμένα, όπως προκύπτει από την ανάλυση της Τράπεζας, οι επιπτώσεις του υψηλού κινδύνου φτώχειας και η ανισοκατανομή του εισοδήματος, είναι:
  • Στρεβλώνει τη συναλλακτική διαδικασία, καθώς αυξάνει το ποσοστό των νοικοκυρών που δηλώνει δυσκολία στην αποπληρωμή των υποχρεώσεων εντός προθεσμίας, είτε αυτές αφορούν στην εξυπηρέτηση δανείων, είτε στην πληρωμή παγίων λογαριασμών. Σημειώνεται ότι σύμφωνα με την ΕΛΣΤΑΤ, το ποσοστό των φτωχών νοικοκυρών που δυσκολεύεται να αποπληρώσει έγκαιρα τις δόσεις των πιστωτικών καρτών και δανείων, ανέρχεται σε 85%, τους πάγιους λογαριασμούς σε 62,3% και τα ενοίκια για την κατοικία ή την δόση του στεγαστικού δανείου σε 63,4%.
  • Θέτει σε κίνδυνο τους δημοσιονομικούς στόχους, καθώς εξασθενεί τη δυνατότητα των νοικοκυριών να καλύψουν τις φορολογικές τους υποχρεώσεις, ενώ έχει ως αποτέλεσμα την συσσώρευση των εκκρεμών φορολογικών υποχρεώσεων των ιδιωτών προς το δημόσιο.
  • Περιορίζει την οικονομική ανάπτυξη, καθώς επιδεινώνει τη διαρροή του επιστημονικού δυναμικού στο εξωτερικό (brain drain) που παρατηρείται τα τελευταία έτη. Τελικώς, η χώρα στερείται καινοτόμες επιχειρηματικές ιδέες, εισφορές στην κοινωνική ασφάλιση και φορολογικά έσοδα.
  • Οδηγεί στην υποεπένδυση σε ανθρώπινο κεφάλαιο (under-investment in human capital), καθώς μεγάλο μέρος των φτωχών νοικοκυριών αδυνατεί να χρηματοδοτήσει έξοδα σπουδών εκτός του τόπου κατοικίας.
  • Η διεύρυνση των κοινωνικών ανισοτήτων και του ποσοστού φτώχειας, σε συνδυασμό με την μακροχρόνια ανεργία και την υψηλή ανεργία των νέων, μπορεί να προξενήσει διαταραχή στην κοινωνική συνοχή.





          Reading the Office of Legal Counsel on Emoluments: Do Super-Rich Presidents Get a Pass?    

 

I wrote last November that the Foreign Emoluments Clause “is on its face a national security provision designed to the protect the country from officers too enmeshed with foreign interests.” If the Justice Department’s recent court filing is to be believed, that protection is exceedingly limited. This new position marks a decisive break from the more conscientious approach long espoused by both the Comptroller General and the Office of Legal Counsel (OLC).

At the heart of the emoluments controversy is President Trump’s refusal to liquidate his business holdings. He has instead maintained ownership of the Trump Organization, a multibillion-dollar umbrella company with thousands of domestic and international investments, and placed the assets in a revocable trust managed by his sons Donald Trump, Jr. and Eric Trump. Trump now faces three lawsuits alleging that he is profiting from his business empire in violation of the Constitution. Three days after his inauguration, Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW), a government accountability watchdog group, filed the first suit in the Southern District of New York. This month, two more complaints were filed by the attorneys general of Washington D.C. and Maryland and 196 congressional Democrats, in federal district courts in Maryland and the District of Columbia, respectively.

All three suits center on the meaning and scope of the Foreign Emoluments Clause, which provides that “no person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept any present, Emolument, Office or Title of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince or foreign state” (U.S. Const. art. I, § 9, cl. 8). Citing Trump's business dealings with state governments and federal agencies, such as its lease on the Old Post Office Building that now houses the Trump International Hotel, two of the suits also allege violations of the Domestic Emoluments Clause. This provision applies specifically to the president and provides that he shall receive “for his Services” a fixed compensation during his tenure and not “any other Emolument from the United States, or any of [the states]” (U.S. Const. art. II, § 1, cl. 7).

Serious procedural challenges like standing notwithstanding, given the House and Senate’s failure to address head-on the risks posed by Trump’s financial conflicts pose, the lawsuits could prove important in forcing a much-needed conversation: Is Trump taking in profits in violation of the Constitution? And just as critically, are future presidents entitled to pull a Trump—or does the Constitution dictate that they, like Jimmy Carter, must sell their family peanut farms as a condition of taking office?

No Article III court has ever rendered an opinion on how either Emoluments Clause should be interpreted, though the Supreme Court has offered interpretations of the term “emoluments” as it appears in Foreign Emoluments Clause-related statutes periodically enacted by Congress since 1881. Because of the limited judicial precedent, the internal memoranda from the Comptroller General and the Office of Legal Counsel that have been made public over the years are among the most important sources of guidance we have on emoluments issues. And though these memoranda do not directly address the question posed by the Trump business empire, making some amount of inference and legwork necessary, in critical respects they quite clearly contradict the sweeping defense that the Justice Department put forward this month in its 70-page motion to dismiss the CREW case against Trump.

The key issue in these suits—once you get behind a set of justiciability questions that may prove dispositive—is what constitutes an emolument (though with respect to the Foreign Emoluments Clause there’s also some disagreement about what kind of entity constitutes a “foreign state”). In plain English, we are looking at an exotic presidential twist on the biggest and oldest challenge to enforcing any anticorruption law: What counts? Do the forbidden “emoluments” cover only goodie boxes, blatant quid pro quo arrangements, and employment-related compensation? Or are the profits that Trump enjoys by way of his business transactions also prohibited when they come from foreign states and domestic government entities? And if the latter, more expansive definition is the appropriate one, are the profits prohibited only when the take is in excess of  “fair-market-value”—and if so, does that definition serve as a meaningful limitation when at issue are luxury goods whose value or sales may be inflated by the fact that Trump is president and the products are prominently branded with his name?

Predictably, the dispute has taken the form of a battle for the original meaning of “emoluments.” An array of historical materials support both a limited and broad definition. The two possible interpretations are well summed up by the Oxford English Dictionary, which provides two definitions dating back to the Founding: “1. Profit or gain arising from station, office, or employment . . . . 2. Advantage, benefit, comfort.”

The Justice Department, like Trump’s lawyers at Morgan Lewis, latches onto the first definition  to argue that “the Emoluments Clauses apply only to the receipt of compensation for personal services and to the receipt of honors and gifts based on official position.” That is, President Trump is precluded only from receiving benefits in exchange for services provided to a foreign state in his official capacity as president, or—and this is crucial, given the subject matter of the OLC opinions—services provided “in a capacity akin to an employee of a foreign state.”

The plaintiffs in the three suits, on the other hand, argue for the much more expansive definition. Marshaling its own set of historical evidence, CREW asserts that emoluments are "anything of value, including money, permits, approvals, tax benefits, any other benefits, and anything else monetary or nonmonetary, regardless of whether it is given in exchange for goods or services, and regardless of whether it is part of a transaction at, above, or below market rates."

A close examination of the relevant Comptroller and OLC opinions reveals that the current Justice Department is reading the Emoluments Clauses too narrowly, while CREW and the other plaintiffs are reading them too broadly. None of the opinions approves the receipt of benefits that can even arguably be attributed to the prestige or influence conferred by an office, and together they do not support the Justice Department’s claim that presidents may, as a categorical matter, collect profits from business transactions with foreign entities and domestic government entities as long as fair value is extracted on both sides. But notwithstanding the plaintiffs’ hard pull in the other direction, the opinions also suggest that presidents may in limited cases accept certain fixed benefits—as I will explain, these might be pensions from the U.S. state that used to employ them or money damages from a foreign country against which, in a past life, they successfully won a judgment. The key is that those benefits cannot be subject to foreign or domestic government manipulation or adjustment in connection with the presidential office.

This happens to be a sensible position that accords with what the opinions repeatedly underscore as the purpose of the Emoluments Clauses and the ultimate touchstone for interpreting their meaning: “to prevent corruption and foreign influence” and to bar “payments which have a potential of influencing or corrupting the integrity of the recipient.”

 

Why Language About Emoluments Is Easily Misused

A threshold issue before turning to the OLC literature is the confusion created by cherry-picking historical materials without consideration of their factual context. For example, in its motion to dismiss, the Justice Department followed the lead of some scholars in pulling some Supreme Court language that suggests the term “emoluments” applies only to salary and other duty-related benefits. Most notably, in Hoyt v. United States, 51 U.S. 109 (1850), the Court defines emoluments as “every species of compensation or pecuniary profit derived for a discharge of the duties of office” (emphasis added).

But in Hoyt, the Supreme Court was specifically asked to decide what constitutes an “emolument of office” per a statute governing Treasury Department collectors in their official capacity; the case did not require the Court to consider or rule on the existence of emoluments of other kinds. This is a key point for purposes of properly construing any Comptroller or OLC opinion that cites Hoyt and regurgitates its definition of “emoluments.” These opinions, like Hoyt, have to be read with an eye to their facts: they do not assert that “emoluments” must derive directly from discharge of duty; rather, the kind of emoluments at issue in those opinions was the kind derived for discharge of duty. As a consequence, the reliance on Hoyt in these opinions does not serve as evidence of a limiting principle for emoluments in general.

In short, as pointed out by the plaintiffs and by assorted scholars, the proper question for purposes of discerning the historical scope of “emoluments” is not whether the term could be interpreted in a restricted way, to refer only to benefits derived from discharging the duties of an office, but whether it was necessarily so interpreted at the time the Emoluments Clauses were drafted. As John Mikhail has painstakingly documented, the answer is no—and we don’t have to look at secondary sources, however authoritative (e.g., Black’s Dictionary) to draw that conclusion. Consider, for example, some of the constitutions ratified during the first of two major waves of state constitution-making in the Founding decade. Several included “common benefits clauses” that used the word “emoluments” in a way that simply defies narrow interpretation. The Pennsylvania Constitution (1776) provides: “That government is, or ought to be, instituted for the common benefit, protection and security of the people, nation or community; and not for the particular emolument of advantage of any single man, family or sett [sic] of men, who are a part only of that community[.]” Very similar language appears in the Virginia (1776), Vermont (1777), and New Hampshire (1784) constitutions. Far more elaborate historical arguments demonstrating the broad uses of the term have been presented elsewhere: see here, here and here. The bottom line is that there is an abundance of primary Founding-era material making use of the broad definition of emoluments, so it is wrong to use language from fact-bound case law to assert that the term is an inherently limited one.

 

The Plaintiffs Define “Emoluments” Too Broadly

Does that mean, as plaintiffs assert, that all types of benefits conferred on the president by foreign countries and U.S. states are prohibited emoluments? According to the Comptroller and OLC opinions, clearly not.

A number of opinions explain that officers do not need to forego fixed benefits to which they are entitled for reasons manifestly unrelated to and uninfluenced by their office. This is a common-sense interpretation of the Clauses that avoids rigidity for rigidity’s sake, where denial of benefits would do nothing to serve the Clauses’ anti-corruption, anti-influence purpose.

For instance, the Comptroller and the OLC each independently concluded that President Ronald Reagan could collect ordinary retirement benefits from California, where he had served as the state governor, without violating the Domestic Emoluments Clause’s prohibition against the receipt of “emoluments” from a State. In its 1983 opinion, the Comptroller determined that President Reagan’s pension from California “cannot be construed as being in any manner received in consequence of his possession of the Presidency.” Coming to the same conclusion in its earlier 1981 opinion, the OLC also noted that “those [retirement] benefits are not emoluments in the constitutional sense” and their receipt does not “violate the spirit of the Constitution.” To support its reasoning, the OLC in turn relied on a 1964 opinion (not published) where it similarly decided the estate of President Kennedy was entitled to the naval retirement pay that had accrued during his presidency. Interpreting the Foreign Emoluments Clause “in the light of its basic purposes and principles,” it concluded he could receive payments to which he was entitled as a matter of law “prior to his taking office.”

The same principles support allowing officers to collect on certain kinds of money judgments, even from foreign powers. In a 1955 opinion, the Comptroller decided that an attorney in the Justice Department could receive a lump sum payment and lifetime annuity from the German government for his wrongful removal from the judgeship he held before he emigrated to the United States, as provided by German indemnification legislation. The Comptroller reasoned that those payments did not constitute emoluments from his former office, but rather “represent damages payable as a direct result of a moral and legal wrong.” Turning to its “spirit of the Constitution” analysis, the Comptroller had no trouble determining the payments were not problematic: they were “obviously . . . not intended to influence him as an officer of the United States,” were made under laws not specific to him, and were not payments voluntarily made by the German government but rather mandatory indemnification required by the Allied powers. In a 1954 opinion on the same matter, the OLC came to a slightly different place—the payments were not permitted to the extent they amounted to German retiree benefits—but like the Comptroller, it found that damages intended to redress injury were not prohibited emoluments.

Note what these opinions have in common: they generally allow the officer in question to collect payments or benefits that, patently, have nothing to do with and cannot possibly have been affected by his U.S. office. That 1983 Comptroller opinion put it best, and contains a line worth repeating: President Reagan was entitled to his pension because it “c[ouldn’t] be construed as being in any manner received in consequence of his possession of the Presidency.”

Applying this general rule, it makes sense that presidents are permitted to invest in U.S. Treasury bonds; and the rule also explains why wealth management solutions like blind trusts have long been accepted as workable resolutions to problems of conflict of interest. But it certainly doesn’t provide clearance for all profits derived from discretionary, “fair-market-value” transactions where the president is obviously and individually on one end of the sale.

 

The Justice Department Defines “Emoluments” Too Narrowly

A key move in the Justice Department’s brief is to rely heavily on a point of dubious significance: it asserts that “in every published OLC or Comptroller General opinion in which proposed conduct was determined to involve prohibited emoluments, the determination involved an employment relationship (or a relationship akin to an employment relationship) with the foreign government.”

If you think about it, there’s at least one common-sense explanation for the limited precedent: In general, the government employees on whose behalf these opinions were sought probably didn’t own hotel chains, lucrative licensing agreements, or hundreds of trademarks from which they derived significant foreign-based or domestic government-based income. Their thing of value, as civil servants, was their skill set, and thus the relevant question was whether they were constitutionally permitted to lend out that skill set to foreign governments or organizations with foreign state ties for payment.

A 1986 OLC opinion written by then-Deputy Assistant Attorney General Samuel Alito cuts against the assertion that whether the profit in question is derived from employment or personal services should be, by itself, dispositive. There, Alito determined that a NASA employee could indeed accept a fee for reviewing a PhD candidate's thesis for an Australian university. To get to this conclusion, Alito made two significant moves. First, uncertain as to whether a public university should be regarded a "foreign state," Alito instead decided to turn to the features of the proposed consultancy and consider whether they "raise[d] the kind of concern . . . that motivated" the prohibition’s enactment. This marks a functional, purpose-driven approach to the question of permissible benefits. Second, he suggested the following facts weigh against finding the fee a prohibited emolument: (1) the NASA scientist was not selected because of his position with the U.S. government, (2) the fee was an ordinary amount given the service to be rendered, (3) there was no reason for the officer to have "direct contact" with the university officials, and (4) the consultancy was "limited both in time and in substantive scope," and no "continuing relationship" was anticipated.

Note that the fact the scientist would be acting in an employment or personal services capacity did not automatically render the payment an emolument. This is the key takeaway from this opinion, and it is at odds with the Justice Department’s claim that employment is the make-or-break issue when it comes to determining whether a benefit or payment is an emolument. Second, consider the implications of the first and fourth points Alito highlighted. The scientist’s selection for the job and associated payment had nothing to do with his U.S. office, which is not a conclusion that can be readily drawn about the services purchased by foreign and state government employees newly flocking to Trump International Hotel. It may suggest the permissibility of accepting profits from truly routine transactions by truly routine hotel customers, including some government diplomats—but this possibility is undercut by Alito’s reference to the extremely limited nature of the permitted relationship and transaction in question.

The Justice Department is understandably leaning hard on the idea that an emolument must be received specifically as a function of office or employment. After all, without this very specific qualification, its argument for the permissibility of accepting profits from ordinary transactions falls apart. Two OLC opinions make this clear.

A 1982 OLC opinion determined that the Foreign Emoluments Clause barred an employee of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission from working on his leave time for an American firm contracted by a Mexican government agency to review the design of a government-owned nuclear power plant. And a 1993 OLC opinion concluded that law firm partners serving as non-government advisors on the Administrative Conference of the United States could not accept partnership earnings “where some portion of that share is derived from the partnership’s representation of a foreign government” without triggering the constitutional prohibition. In the 1993 opinion, the OLC actually dismissed the argument that the conference member was not subject to the foreign government's “control” as “not decisive.” Instead, the OLC concluded that the portion of partnership profits the conference member would receive "would be a function of the amount paid to the firm by the foreign government," such that "the partnership would in effect be a conduit for that government." Acceptance of that portion of income was therefore a prohibited emolument (OLC reconsidered this opinion in 2010, but only with respect to whether the members held an “Office of . . . Trust” for purposes of the Foreign Emoluments Clause).

In these opinions, the OLC simply did not care that there was nothing out of the ordinary about the payments in these cases from a transactional or fair-market perspective. This runs contrary to the crux of the Justice Department’s argument for the innocuousness of Trump’s business-related foreign and domestic government income.

The textual kicker in all this is that even accepting the Justice Department’s insistence that “emolument” is best read to mean “profit arising from an office or employ” (Barclay’s A Complete and Universal English Dictionary on a New Plan (1774)), it doesn’t follow that all ordinary business transactions are okay: What if those transactions are, in number or value, enhanced by the prestige of the president’s office? Couldn’t the profit thereby derived then constitute “profit arising from an office or employ”? [Update, 5:17 pm: This is a line of argument that Marty Lederman compellingly and more thoroughly details here.]

It is to prevent this reading that the Justice Department argues that prohibited benefits must arise not just from the office but from the provision of services pursuant to that office. But this argument relies on a stunted conception of the power that an "Office of Profit or Trust" confers. To lift an example wholesale from Ben Wittes: If Trump owned a nondescript hotdog truck outside the White House that charged the same price for hotdogs as any other foodtruck and sold them to some incidental foreign customers, that would not be problematic under this definition of emoluments. If the truck were Trump-branded and either charged inflated prices or enjoyed inflated sales because Trump is president, and Saudi potentates lined up to put cash in his register, that would seem to constitute impermissible “profit arising from an office,” as a textual matter and in view of the historic Comptroller and OLC perspective.

At base, this is what plaintiffs are claiming—that the profits Trump is enjoying “aris[es] from” his office—so “aris[e] from” may be a definitional phrase the Justice Department is interpreting too narrowly. Trump’s status as the most powerful man in the world affects his business transactions, which are self-branded to boot. Not only is he enjoying booming business at his exclusive properties, in part thanks to foreign guests reportedly seeking to get in the president’s good graces, but he has also won Chinese trademark protection that, according to plaintiffs, he would not have received had he not become president.

Finally, on a practical note, notice the perverse upshot of the Justice Department’s fixation on employment and personal services as the place where the river divides. This assertion that payment for goods and business-related services is permissible but payment for employment and “personal services” is not means that a president can’t profit off his brain or body when it comes to cash from foreign sources or U.S. government entities, but can, without limitation, profit off the brains and bodies of those he can afford to employ in his private capacity. It’s what you might call a constitutional free pass for super-rich presidents.

The Comptroller and OLC opinions do not support such a result. They repudiate it.

***

Ultimately, the Justice Department’s view of emoluments marks a departure from the public Comptroller and OLC opinions in at least two critical respects. First, the new position is a clear abrogation of the practical “spirit of the Constitution” analysis on which the Comptroller and OLC have consistently relied to ensure a stringent rather than forgiving interpretation of what constitutes an impermissible benefit or undue influence (see, e.g., 1955 Comptroller Opinion, 1981 OLC Opinion, 1983 Comptroller Opinion; see also OLC 1962, noting “the sweeping nature of the constitutional prohibition”; OLC 1980, citing 1902 Attorney General Opinion stating the Foreign Emoluments Clause is “directed against every kind of influence by foreign governments upon officers of the United States” and the “prohibition should be given the broadest possible scope and application”). Second, the Justice Department’s quite specific argument that the president can profit from employing people to do business with foreign countries and government entities in the United States amounts to a strange carve-out, one that allows extremely wealthy officers with people in their employ to cash out as they wish on the advantages that the prestige of their office confers, without any consideration whatsoever of the sources of that cash. This interpretation is flatly at odds with executive branch tradition: I have yet to see a single opinion that has permitted an officer to collect profits even arguably enhanced by the power of his office, much less categorically benefit from discretionary, price-indeterminant transactions that foreign governments and U.S. government entities may enter into at will.

Note the issues I did not address here. What is not (yet) a point of debate in these particular lawsuits is whether these constitutional provisions apply to the president at all. The Domestic Emoluments Clause applies to the president by its express terms, and in its recent motion, the Justice Department doesn’t dispute CREW's claim, or the OLC’s preexisting determination, that the more obliquely phrased Foreign Emoluments Clause applies to the president as well (and notwithstanding the occasional argument to the contrary).

In addition, as the suits proceed in federal court, we can expect much of the legal discussion to focus on jurisdictional hurdles. There’s a strong argument that the courts don’t have a role to play, and that presidential corruption rising to the level of an emoluments violation is a political question whose resolution properly lies with Congress. Though the congressional suit spearheaded by Senator Richard Blumenthal and Representative John Conyers, Jr. alleges that Trump has failed to come to Congress for requisite permission in accepting foreign emoluments, Congress’s best recourse be impeachment proceedings. (Or if it so chose, Congress could avail itself of a lot of options short of impeachment, but in the words of Charles Black, Jr., circa 1974, “what an enormous if.” Recall that the House of Representatives has the power to demand Trump’s tax returns but has not exercised it.)

But as for the substantive question of whether the Comptroller and OLC of yore would have signed off on the Justice Department’s blessing of all monies flowing in by way of business transactions, the answer is “no.”


          Re: Foretelling Global Stock Returns, 1980-2015   
Simplegift wrote:William Bernstein has done interesting research on share dilution, summarized in his 2011 comment in The Economist:
William Bernstein wrote:In the first place, the 2% share dilution seen in the US was typical only of developed nations that had not seen their territories devastated by war. In those nations that had, dilution averaged 4% per year, and as high as 7.5% in Japan.

Further, we speculated that rapid economic growth born of technological advance was akin to physical destruction, both of which require large capital inflows from share dilution to replenish capital stock.

This was in fact confirmed a few years later by work by Speidell et al. (“Dilution is a Drag . . .” Journal of Investing, Winter 2005), who found dilution in excess of 10% per year for many Asian nations, and as high as 30% in China, which is the most likely reason for poor long-term returns of equity there.

Looking at the numbers for China (granted, an extreme example): For the decade from 1992 to 2002, China’s GDP grew by 11.5% per year. However the capitalization of Chinese equity markets grew by 39% per year, as the number of listed companies grew from 52 to 1,296. Thus the S&P price index of Chinese equities only appreciated by 3.5% a year over the decade.


The issue of share dilution is something I have never thought much about but it makes perfect sense. This is a good reason not to throw all your money at the fastest growing economies.
          Re: Are Annuities A Worthwhile Retirement Investment?   
We have quite a bit in a Vanguard VA and we invested in it direct (not via 1035) many years ago (other tax-deferred accounts maxed out). It's worked out well for us, and now in retirement we're doing partial 1035 exchanges into immediate annuities to cover expenses, which spreads the tax bite over time (each monthly payment represents part earnings and part non-taxable return of principal). We also don't pay for any riders or "guaranteed income" add-ons.

Assuming a low-cost VA like Vanguard's, the biggest stumbling block in my view is the loss of favorable capital gains treatment on any portion of the sub-accounts invested in equities. That's the trade-off for tax deferral. (The same is true for 401(k)'s and IRA's, though--and tax deferral for a VA extends to year 85).
          Re: Tax deferred or taxable account?   
Welcome to the forum!

The tax-deferred 401(k) is still a better investment even if you expect to leave the money to your heirs.

It's easier to see the comparison between a Roth (tax-free) and a taxable account. If you hold a taxable account, you earn less than on a tax-free account, because you pay tax on your dividends every year. You may avoid tax on capital gains if you leave the account to your heirs, but the dividend tax compounds over time. If you live for forty years before you leave the account to your heirs, and are paying 15% tax on a 2% dividend yield, the 0.3% tax every year costs you 12% of the money.

A traditional 401(k) works the same way, because you get a deduction on contributions. If you are in a 25% tax bracket and contribute $18,000 to your 401(k), that cost you only $13,500 out of pocket. If you (or your heirs) are in a 25% tax bracket when the money is withdrawn, you come out just as well as if you had invested $13,500 tax-free. If you have to take the money out as a required minimum distribution, you can invest it in a taxable account then, but you still gained the benefit of years of tax deferral.
          Re: BRKB Stock [Berkshire Hathaway Inc. Class B]   
Besides the mantra about individual stocks (which can be read on hundreds of threads on the board), there's also the question of whether one already owns BRK in a taxable account, and how much in the way of capital gains one would realize by selling it.

I own it, but it's only 2% or so of my portfolio. If I were to sell it, the capital gains would put my AGI above the limit for making a Roth IRA contribution, and a backdoor isn't an option in my particular circumstance due to the pro-rata rule.

I think continuing to make Roth contributions as long as I can is probably much more important than selling BRK for the sake of passing somebody's purity test. It will probably perform comparably to the rest of the S&P, give or take.
          GeekList Item: Item for Geeklist "2017 InterEssen"    

by Ranva

An item Board Game: Between Two Cities: Capitals has been added to the geeklist 2017 InterEssen
          How Much Does It Cost To Buy A Great White Shark   
In the Arab world, Islam and Western democracy means dictatorship

by Abdenur Prado - posted Friday, February 11, 2011
Source: UMMA . COM

The West finances dictators in the Middle East and the Arab world for over a century.
pro-democracy demonstrations against dictatorships supported by the West in the Arab world, shows once again the immense hypocrisy of our leaders. Which side Western governments are, with the demonstrators or the dictators? The answer is simple: the side of those who generate millions for the benefit of Western multinational corporations.

But that does not surprise anyone. It is well known that the West has funded more than a century of dictatorships in the Middle East and the Arab world because it is through the autocracies that [the West] were able to control the resources of this region. Even if this leads to the exploitation and misery of people facing decommissioning, orchestrated by the International Monetary Fund, their social services in order to repay foreign debt generated by the millions in arms purchases in the West ... As the aspirations of civil society, increasing poverty, torture and repression, lack of civil liberties and human rights ... No Western leader does not care at all. And all have shown, continuously, without exception, for over a century. Remarks made recently by Henry Kissinger are revealing in this regard: "We've had five presidents who have considered Hosni Mubarak as the best ally of the U.S. objectives in the region. "

Just out of the archives all the statements of Western leaders who praise the Arab tyrants: their economic policies, their continued political stability, their contributions to international security, that they safeguard secularism and prevent the advance of Islamist movements ... In short, for submission to the dictates of Western financial markets and the International Monetary Fund.

This overview does only one variable: whether or not the connivance with the State of Israel. This underscores the critical role of Israel vis-à-vis the maintenance of dictatorships in the Arab world, a fact corroborated by the comments made by Netanyahu in support of Ben Ali and Mubarak as well as decades of collusion with the family Royal Saudi monarchy and other issues of colonialism. No surprise then to learn that Israeli diplomacy has done everything possible to save Mubarak. It is true that Israel has cause for concern, not only for the danger posed by the rise of political Islam, but also because the democratic governments that might arise would maintain not only their country's complicity in the genocide of the Palestinian people. The open border between Gaza and Sinai is crucial for the survival of the Palestinian people. This is a convincing argument in favor of democracy in Egypt and the Middle East! And
"Islamism" in all this? It serves as a bogeyman to justify the support of dictatorships "secularists." However, it obscures the fact that the majority of parties "Islamists" in the Arab world accepted the idea of parliamentary democracy.
An example of this paradigm is that the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. In 1944 the founder, Hassan al-Banna, supported the participation in parliamentary elections, saying that the Egyptian constitution was "Islamic" because it recognized that the authority resides in the people, ensured the decision-making through consultation (Shura) and respect for individual freedoms. In some of his writings, he defends parliamentary democracy: "The bases of political organization based on the system of parliamentary representation does not contradict the fundamental principles that Islam has set in organization of power. "Since its founding, the Muslim Brotherhood have repeatedly stated that their intention is not to take power, but to educate society and to influence the system for Islamic ideals in justice being implemented. Despite this, they are portrayed as villains by the media manipulation and by Western governments. (I'm not a fan of the Muslim Brotherhood, but I am against their demonization. For their positions, see their website in English).

There is talk now of returning to Tunisia Rachid al-Ghannouchi, founder and historic leader of the party-Nahda in Tunisia, after 22 years of exile. According Ghannouchi, Islam provides a more fertile than that of the West to carry out democracy. There is a book of Azam Tamimi, where he studied his thought in detail, Rachid Ghannouchi: A Democrat within Islam, published by Oxford University Press. Among his ideals: "an Islamic system based on the will of the majority, free elections, free press, minority protection, equality between laity and religious parties, and achieving complete women's rights in all areas, participation in elections to the freedom to dress as they wish, the right to divorce, and even the right to be head of state. The role of Islam is to provide an ethical system. "

An ethical system that necessarily involves the abolition of usury Financial, which provides a minimum of social services for the entire population and the establishment mechanisms that prevent the accumulation of capital in the hands of a few individuals. An equally valid for Spain than for Egypt.

In Brief: Islamist movements are champions of democracy against tyranny corrupt funded by the West. It is curious to see how the terms were reversed at the point of passing the opposition, which demands democracy, for ... absolutists, and dictators that suppress civil liberties as saviors. The world upside down? The world seen through a mass media manipulation. That is to say, from a perspective of the interests of major Western financial corporations.


Translation: Amy Fetchman

          Avery Table Tents 5305   
Mohamed Hassan: "the causes of the revolution far beyond Tunisia Ben Ali and his party. "

Tunisians brought down the dictator Ben Ali. Today, they continue to fight against his men to head the transitional government. In this new chapter of our series "Understanding the Muslim world," Mohamed Hassan * ((photo-cons) explains the implications of the revolution of Tunisia and its root causes: how nationalism Liberal advocated by Tunisia under Bourguiba interests Western, plunging people into poverty, how a repressive state has put in place to maintain this system, why dictatorships in the Arab world are caused to fall, and how Islam became the condom imperialism




http://w41k.info//48669

(Gregory Lalieu Michel Collon)


In December 2010, riots broke out in Tunisia. A month later, President Ben Ali fled the country after twenty-three year reign. What are the causes of this revolution? And why is it popular movement succeeded in bringing down the dictator where other attempts have failed?

For there to be a revolution, it is necessary that people refuse to live as before and that the ruling class is no longer able to govern as before. On December 17, 2010, Mohamed Bouazizi, a young seller of fruits and vegetables, has sacrificed out of desperation after police had confiscated his goods himself, and that local authorities have to stop working. The conditions were ripe for a revolution broke out in Tunisia Bouazizi and suicide was the trigger.

Indeed, the Tunisians did not want to live as before: they were not accepting corruption, police repression, lack of freedom, unemployment, etc.. Moreover, the ruling class could no longer govern as before. Corruption under Ben Ali had taken a phenomenal amount while the majority of the population had to face insecurity. To maintain this status, police repression would be higher but it had reached its limits. The ruling elite was completely disconnected from the people for whom there was no interlocutor. Therefore, when popular revolts broke out, the ruling class had no choice but to quell the violence. But with the determination of the people, the repression reached its limit. This is one of the keys to the success of the popular revolution of Tunisia: it managed to reach all segments of society, including members of the army and police who sympathized with the demonstrators. The repressive apparatus could no longer function as before either. If a revolt occurs but is not able to combine different segments society, it can not lead a revolution.

Even after the departure of Ben Ali, the protests continue. The situation that Tunisians refuse is not the result of one man? For

signs "Ben Ali emerges" signs were followed by "CDR releases. Tunisians are attacking the president's political party because they fear that one of his men to take power. But in reality, the root causes that led to revolt Tunisians far outweigh Ben Ali and the RCD. It is not enough to turn the president for the people earns his freedom and improves living conditions.

corruption, unemployment, social inequality ... What are the effects of imperialist domination of the West over Tunisia. For Tunisia, after independence, became a project of the United States.

What do you mean by imperialism?


Imperialism is the process by which capitalist powers politically and economically dominated by foreign countries. Western multinationals plunder the resources of Africa, Latin America and Asia. They find opportunities for capital they will accumulate and exploit cheap labor market. I say that multinationals are not buying as they plunder the resources at their fair value and the local people not benefiting from these riches. And this looting would not be possible if these countries operated, there were no leaders to defend the interests of multinationals. These leaders are getting richer in the process. They constitute the so-called comprador bourgeoisie. They have no political vision for their own country does not produce wealth and do not develop a real economy. But personally enriched by trading resources their countries with multinationals. Obviously, the people are the biggest victim in all this!

When you're a nationalist anti-imperialist cons, you are looking to develop for yourself. You nationalize key sectors of your economy, rather than leaving the management to foreign companies. This will create a national economy in the country and you allow it to grow on the basis of independence. That's what I call a national democratic revolution: national independent because of the imperialist powers, democratic as against feudalism and the elements reactionaries in the country.

However, Bourguiba, Tunisia's first president, was considered a socialist. And during his reign, the state played a very important role in the economy.


Bourguiba's political party was socialist in name only. If the state played an important role, it was only for the benefit of an elite only. This is called state capitalism. In addition, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated all the progressive elements and anti-imperialist in his party. So that this party became the party of one man, completely subject to U.S. imperialism.

Habib Bourguiba , great actor in the struggle for independence, was president of Tunisia from 1957 to 1987


What Was Tunisia important for the United States?

To understand the importance of that country to the U.S. strategy, we must analyze the political context of the Arab world in years 50 and 60. In 1952, officers overthrew the monarchy of King Farouk of Egypt and proclaim a republic. With Nasser at the helm Egypt becomes the basis of Arab nationalism inspired with revolutionary ideas of socialism. As evidenced by the nationalization of the Suez Canal, Nasser's arrival in power is a blow to the West because the Egyptian president's policy is totally at odds with the hegemonic Western powers in the Near and Middle East. Worse still: the anti-imperialist ideas of Nasser are emulated in the region. In Yemen for example, where in 1962 a revolution divided the country, the South becoming a bastion of Arab revolutionary movement. The same year, the independence of Algeria sends a strong signal to Africa and the Third World, the imperialist powers put on alert. Libya also note the Qaddafi coup in 1969. The colonel took power and nationalized major sectors of the economy, to the chagrin of the West. The same year, the Islamic revolution in Iran toppled the Shah, one of the most important pillars of U.S. strategy in the Middle East.

short, at that time, an anti-imperialist movement defies strong strategic interests of the United States in the Arab world. Fortunately for Washington, all countries in the region do not follow the path of Nasser. It the case of Tunisia. In 1957, a year after the independence of Tunisia, Bourguiba was one of the first Arab leaders to send U.S. in the prestigious journal, Foreign Affairs. The title of the article? Nationalism best antidote to communism. For the United States who want to counter the influence of Nasser is a godsend! Bourguiba wrote in his article: "With the regard, Tunisia has chosen to make unequivocal its way into the free world from the West." We are in the Cold War. The Soviets argued that Nasser's influence grows in the region. And the U.S. needs pro-imperialist agents Bourguiba as not to lose strategic control of the Arab world.

Nasser announced the nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956

Can we be both nationalist and pro-imperialist?

Bourguiba was a liberal nationalist with anti-communist ideas which led him to join the imperialist camp in the West. In fact, I feel like George Padmore Bourguiba Arabic. Padmore was a leading Pan-Caribbean origin. In 1956 he wrote a book called Pan-Africanism or Communism: The battle ahead in Africa. Like Bourguiba, he fed anti-communist ideas and even if he declared himself a nationalist, his political vision was largely subservient to the interests of imperialist powers. Nationalism served as a cover, their policy is far from being independent. Padmore had a great influence on the first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, one of the instigators of the African Union. Its pro-imperialist ideas were able to spread across the continent with the result that we see today is celebrated around the golden jubilee of independence in Africa, but many Africans know they have never become independent. President Nkrumah himself later regretted having taken the advice of Padmore.

In Tunisia too, the submission to imperialist interests has quickly been felt and it turned out that nationalism advocated by Bourguiba was a facade. In the 70s, for example, the President has passed a series of measures intended to attract foreign investors: tax exemption on company profits for ten years, exemption from all duties and taxes for twenty years, exemption from Tax Income property values, etc.. Tunisia has become a vast workshop of Western multinationals in recent repatriation of profits.

Tunisia did she not still been some good progress under Bourguiba?

Yes, there have been positive developments: education, status of women, etc.. First, because Tunisia were the progressives in his elite players, but they were quickly dismissed. Then, because Tunisia was to be dressed in his finest dress. Indeed, this country played a major role in the strategy of the United States to counter the influence of communism in the Arab world. But what had you on the other side? Progressive revolutionary movements that had toppled backward and monarchies who enjoyed popular support. You could not counteract this movement by advocating a feudal system. Saudi Arabia has done so because it could use its oil money for that. But Tunisia, unable to rely on such resources, should provide some progressive image. In the fight against communism, it was supposed to represent a successful Third World countries have chosen the path of liberal nationalism.

But behind the scenes was less flattering. As I said, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated the progressive elements that do not follow his steps. The anti-imperialists who wanted an independent Tunisia both economically and politically, those who wanted to assert their own position in the Third World and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, all were opposed. Tunisia has in fact been used as a laboratory of the imperialist powers. And what was supposed to represent the success of liberal nationalism has become a dictatorship.

When Ben Ali Bourguiba succeeded in 1987, he continues on the same track?


Absolutely. One can even say that the submission to Western interests has grown. Ben Ali was a pure agent of U.S. imperialism. In 1980, as ambassador to Poland, he even served as a liaison between the CIA and Lech Walesa, the union leader who fought against the Soviet Union.

In 1987, when Ben Ali assumed the presidency of Tunisia, the country was deeply in debt by the capitalist crisis of 1973. Moreover, at that time, the ideas of Milton Friedman and his Chicago Boys were very popular. These ultra-liberal economists believed that the market is an entity capable of regulating themselves and that the state should certainly not interfere in the economy. The technical elite Tunisian largely from U.S. schools were highly influenced by theories of Friedman. Ben Ali then left the state capitalism in effect at the beginning of the era Bourguiba. Under the supervision of the IMF and World Bank, he began a privatization program much more massive than what his predecessor had already begun in the 70s.

What were the effects of this new economic policy?


First, privatization of the Tunisian economy has allowed Ben Ali and his wife's family, Trabelsi, personal enrichment. Corruption has reached a very high level, Tunisia has become a country totally subservient to imperialism, headed by a comprador bourgeoisie. Obviously, Ben Ali and his clan did not have many raw materials to selling out to Western multinationals. But they took advantage of the education system established under Bourguiba to develop a service economy. Indeed, the Tunisian workforce is highly educated and inexpensive at a time. It therefore attracts foreign investors.

Tourism has also developed strong as to become the mainstay of the Tunisian economy. Here we see the lack of political vision of the elite. Indeed, no country can develop its economy based on tourism if not first developed a national economic base. The tourism industry consumes a lot but reported very little to the Tunisian people. Imagine: while Western tourists consume hectoliters of water to bask in pools, Jacuzzis or golf course, the poor peasants in the south face of the drying soil.

But it's not just the farmers who have suffered from this policy. Overall, the social conditions of the Tunisian people deteriorated while the president's entourage has amassed a huge fortune. Everyone knew the regime was corrupt. So to maintain this system, the system should prevent any disputes. The repression became even more brutal penny Ben Ali simple criticism or even the desire for modernity and openness were not allowed. Such a situation could lead to popular revolt. Moreover, trying to monopolize his clan the wealth of the country, Ben Ali has also drew the ire of some of the traditional bourgeois Tunisia.


You say that political repression was very strong. Is there anyway today, opposition forces can guide the people's revolution now that Ben Ali has fallen?

Genuine opposition parties were banned under Ben Ali. However, some continued to exist underground. For example, the first Tunisian Communist Party could not live openly and organize like any political party in a democracy. But he continued to operate secretly through associations of civil society (teachers, farmers, doctors, prisoners ...). The PGWPP was able to form a social base and fired a solid experience of this period. It is exceptional in the Arab world.

I think two major challenges now await the opposition parties. First, they must come forward and make themselves known to the general public in Tunisia. Then they must organize a united front of resistance to imperialism. In fact, the imperialist powers seek to maintain the system without Ben Ali Ben Ali. We see now with the Union government National rejected the Tunisians, which is very positive. But the imperialist powers will not stop there. They will certainly seek to impose an International Electoral Commission to support candidates who defend to their best interests. It is therefore necessary to resist interference by creating a united front to build a true democracy.


Opposition parties are they able to overcome their differences to create such a front?

I know that some political parties were reluctant to associate Islamo-nationalist movement Ennahda. This movement emerged in the 80s. He advocated an anti-imperialist line and in fact, has suffered political repression. Why not combine Ennahda in front of resistance to the interference of foreign powers? Tunisia is a Muslim country. It is normal that a political force emerges with an Islamo-nationalist trend. You can not prevent that.

But each of these movements must be studied separately, with its own specificities. This was done by the communist PGWPP. They studied scientifically objective conditions that apply Tunisia. Their conclusion is that the Communists and Islamo-nationalists have been victims of political repression and that even though their programs differ, they share common ground: they want an end to dictatorship and the independence of Tunisia. The Communists have proposed an alliance with the Islamo-nationalists long ago. Of course, the PGWPP does not make Tunisia a Islamic state. Its political agenda is different from that of al-Nahda. But it is the Tunisian people who will judge these differences democratically. Elections should be a contest open to everyone. That is true democracy.

Precisely opposition parties gathered in front of 14 January to fight against the interim government of Mohamed Ghannouchi, a henchman of former President Ben Ali. A hopeful sign?

Absolutely, Tunisia is on the right track: all opposition parties banned so far have created a united front to prevent the system is maintained without Ben Ali Ben Ali. Also underline the role played by the base of the union UGTT. The head of the union authorized under Ben Ali was corrupt and working with the state police. But since the basis of the union put pressure on its leaders and members who UGTT were part of the transitional government have resigned. Although much remains to be done, democracy wins Tunisian institutions under pressure from the people.

Western powers opposed to that. They want to impose democracy in Tunisia where only low-intensity "good" candidates would be allowed to stand for election. If you look at the type of democracy that the United States enjoy, you come across Ethiopia. The U.S. government has provided $ 983 million to countries in the Horn of Africa for the year 2010. That same year, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, in office since 16 years, was reelected with 99.5 percent of the vote! It's even better than Ben Ali! The reality is this: behind their rhetoric in support of the Tunisian people, the Western powers continue to actively support many other Ben Ali in the world.

The United States could not they support other candidates pro-imperialist, but in the eyes of Tunisians, were not associated with the Ben Ali era?

It would be difficult. There is a part of the comprador bourgeoisie which was lésinée by the corrupt system of Ben Ali. But this elite is not strong enough control the popular movement and not enough grounding in the Establishment to win.

The United States had also thought of another strategy: a few months ago, while Ben Ali was still in power, the U.S. ambassador has visited a Communist leader in prison. Officially, a simple observation visit in the framework of respect for human rights. Unofficially, the U.S. anticipated the departure of Ben Ali and wanted to test the waters. Their goal was to get the Communists against the Islamo-nationalists, divide the resistance to imperialism to weaken more. But the Communists Tunisia does not fall into the trap. They are very familiar with the strategy developed by Henry Kissinger in the 80s in the Middle East. They published a very good study on the subject and know they should not take orders from outside or adhere to ideologies manufactured by foreign powers.

Why the U.S. have they abandoned Ben Ali? Had he gone too far in personal enrichment? According to a cable Wikileaks, the U.S. ambassador was very critical of the system of quasi-mafioso Tunisian president, organized corruption are obstacles to investments by foreign companies.

This is not the problem. The United States does not care about corruption. Instead, it is a key element of the system of domination on the U.S. South. In fact, Washington was aware of the internal situation in Tunisia and knew that Ben Ali would not be able to govern. The West must now ensure that the replacement of Ben Ali will continue to defend their interests. The stakes are high. The capitalist crisis is causing serious problems in the West. Besides this, China is getting stronger and now provides more loans than the World Bank and other imperialist powers combined. She even wants to buy a significant portion of the debt of the euro area partly because it has economic interests with European countries, on the other imperialist powers to divide, the EU is historically associated with states USA.

In such a context, the Tunisian people's movement, under the auspices of a revolutionary leadership, could establish an independent government and take advantage of this situation of a multipolar world. The imperialist powers fear that countries that were traditionally under his rule become economically independent, turning also to China. Tunisia could build relationships with the Asian giant to develop its commercial ports. And it would seriously question the concept of the Mediterranean Dialogue, this expansion of NATO to the countries of the Mediterranean that is not a dialogue but a mere instrument of Western domination.

Another country that seems to fear democracy in Tunisia and in the region, Israel. Deputy Prime Minister Silvan Shalom said shortly after the fall of Ben Ali that the development of democracy in Arab countries threaten Israel's security. This country often called only democracy in the Middle East, would he be afraid of competition?

Under a democratic facade, Israel is a fascist, apartheid state. In the region, it can not ally with repressive dictatorial states, led by comprador bourgeoisie that weaken the body of the Arab nation. Currently, these Arab states are rich countries inhabited by poor people. But if a democratic government in the full sense of the term emerges, it will increase economically the Arab nation as a whole. And this economic development will lead to an alliance of Arab countries against the state racist oppressing the Palestinians. Israel fears this course.

Moreover, there is a very big gap between the official positions of Arab dictatorships and the popular sentiment about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since Egyptian President Sadat visited Israel in 1977, Egypt's position is "we want peace." But it is a position imposed by force to the population. And the current Egyptian government is not content to maintain peaceful relations with Tel Aviv. It participates actively in the strangulation of Gaza, while the majority of Egyptians in solidarity with Palestinians.

It's the same alignment of Arab dictatorships on Washington politics. Tunisia, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are allies of the United States while the populations of these countries are anti-imperialists. I was in Egypt when Muntadhar al-Zaidi, a journalist in Iraq, threw his shoes on George W. Bush. The Egyptian population was celebrated as a hero. I heard of fathers wanting to marry their daughter with the reporter. Still, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is one of the most faithful allies of Washington.

Do you think the revolution Tunisia a domino effect could cause the downfall of other dictatorships in the Arab world?

70% of the population in Arab countries is less than thirty years and knows that unemployment, police repression and corruption. But all these young people want to live. And to live, they need change. This is the reality of each country. It is therefore not even need a domino effect, the objective conditions are ripe for further revolutions erupt.

People no longer want to live as before. But for their part, the ruling classes are they unable to govern as before?

course. And we see in Egypt today. There are police everywhere in this country. But it is impossible to control everything. A state police has its limitations and the Arab world have reached.

Furthermore, information plays a very important role today. Tunisians, Egyptians and peoples of the Third World are better informed through Al-Jazeera as part of an Internet and social networks on the other. The evolution of information technology has increased the level of education and consciousness of people. The people no longer a mass of illiterate peasants. You have a lot of very smart young people, with a certain practical sense, able to circumvent censorship and of mobilizing the Internet.

there in these countries the opposition forces can guide the popular revolutions?

Why Punishment is so important if these dictators were not in danger? Why the comprador bourgeoisie, so greedy, she would spend so much money in the repressive apparatus if she was not afraid to be reversed? If there was no opposition, all this would not be necessary.

the side of Western observers, many fear that the collapse of these regimes Arab favors the rise of Islamism. As summarized so finely Christophe Barbier, editor of L'Express, "Ben Ali is better than the bearded." These fears proved on of Islamism are they based?

Islamism became the condom of imperialism. Western powers justify their strategy of domination in the Arab-Muslim world under the guise of fighting against Islam. There are Islamists everywhere today. Soon, we shall find even traces of Al-Qaeda on Mars if it is useful to the imperialists!

In reality, the West has always needed to invent an enemy to justify its hegemonic designs and incredible military spending (financed by taxpayers). After the fall of the Soviet Union and the demise of the communist enemy is Islam and Al Qaeda who have played the roles of villains villains.

But the West has no problem with Islamism. It adapts very well to this trend in countries like Saudi Arabia. Moreover, he himself fostered the rise of Islamist movements to counter the Arab nationalism at a time. The real problem for the West is anti-imperialism. That's why he tries to discredit any popular movement in the Arab world who is opposed to its interests by affixing the label "Islamist."

Finally, it should not be very smart to think that the Arab dictatorships are bulwarks against the rise of religious fanaticism. Instead, these repressive regimes have led some of the population to be radicalized. Who could afford to say that such and such people have no right to democracy? In a truly democratic country, different political forces may emerge. But the bourgeoisie comprador ruling in the Arab dictatorships can not convince people. She can not even face to face. To defend the imperialist interests, you must prevent other political forces to emerge because they are likely to convince the people against a corrupt elite. The West has always sought to maintain dictatorships that served its interests by waving the specter of Islamism. But the Arab peoples need democracy. They claim it today and nobody can not go against these claims.

Source: www.michelcollon.info
          How To Repair A Torn Couch   
Lures & Revolutions

What happens in the Maghreb, Egypt is probably a prelude, predators waiting for their time: these insurgencies are for them, as once were the struggles of American countries South, a field of experimentation. Become cumbersome, the Ben Ali Mubarak and other (member of the International Socialist! As DSK, as Ségolène!) Will be replaced by Democrats on their own blessed by the IMF and technocrats dismal. As we will rely on the current economic system will not change anything in depth because it is the source of deadly disturbances of humanity as a whole.

All cases we defend not they come here? Address the profound evil does he not return to drastically change my lifestyle? Give yourself the luxury of denying that the neighbors poor, hitherto ignored, can live decently. Solidarity that is shared, like bread, like a handshake, like a poem, like ideas and wealth too. Let's start by sweeping our doorstep. Globalization? I felt like an illusion, an ideology of standardization and formatting of the masses. An insurgency is not a revolution: the first is the result of a situation had become intolerable while the second, in essence, is the long term, by mobilizing more than the civic conscience which should be central to any process and any political action. The game of global governance that is taking place is to discredit political thought (which has nothing to do with an ideological construct). Let us not forget that capitalism is the result of an ideology (with its strategies, policy makers and police), and in this respect is comparable to Stalinism which was only a state capitalism totalitarian. And this is capitalism, we do not too worried, is not it, when rampant in the Arab and African held an iron fist by dictators orders of multinational corporations, guided by foreign secret services. Dream holiday in Hammamet Marrakech or for a nominal price, which in the wings, has a price in human lives.

unbridled consumption, a synonym for huge profits, which suck the vast majority of people, today revealed its limitations and the risks it is incurring imminent future generations. Market forces, as we bombard the singers of the single thought, were only dressing a hateful ideology has continued to crush the living beauty of the values common to all cultures.

" That the Earth is pretty " said the poet Armand Robin, "No need also flowers!"


G. Hadey
          How Long Is Lauren Londons Weave   
16-John Manuel Traimond the Guest of December 23, 2010


JM Traimond
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This guest on Thursday December 23, 2010, Jean Manuel Traimond. He had already come on RL in our show, a few years ago, to discuss his book entitled "Treasure of wickedness. "Anthology of humor to the use of anarchists.
As there are only a few hours before Christmas, we hope to receive from him a new gift. Hopefully it considers that we have put into practice his treatise useful humor to Anar. In case of disappointment, does he not leave with our new date?

This curious traveler (it seems that according to him, the anarchists are champions of curiosity ... still a compliment ...), would the United Arab Emirates with a lot of "Suras"! We do not know what it is, but surely it's worth its weight in oil.

And we'll ask him about his plans, his informative walks on "Water Thieves," the crimes of capitalism whose victims have only increased in number since the "untouchables" Japan, Pakistanis in Dubai and many more.

During his travels and translations of "anarchists", he met a character who died in February 2010, a writer, English architect, editor of "Anarchy", Colin Ward. And new access to "curiosity" is going to lend an ear if John Manuel willing to talk about that English anarchist who had devised a new form of rudder for a mutual company, federalist-based anarchist organization in which units organizing are small, temporary and limited powers, free and voluntary action. And he described, very in tune with the new technologies of networks, the organization of "cyber-anarchy", as opposed to capitalism, "mechanical" and disposer of the individual.
Colin Ward

And John Traimond manual, a book mentions of Colin Ward in which the "anarchism is compared to the seeds under the snow." The snow is here, in December, up to us to grow this "seed" of Anarchy.

So, dear listeners Chronicle Weekly ... Listen ...



          Make An A3 Poster On Powerpoint   
11 - Pangea mutineers invited

Play.
A cooperative production what is it? A need to show what we want to show that capitalist production avoids most of the time to do!
And then:
Grandpuits They went out to meet the strikers. They filmed their struggles from day to day until recovery.
strike black gold in Grandpuits. October 2010.
http://www.vimeo.com/album/1464921
          Largas filas en primer día de venta legal de marihuana recreativa en Las Vegas   

LAS VEGAS. Cientos de personas hicieron fila hoy durante horas en Nevada (EE.UU.) para comprar marihuana en los dispensarios autorizados durante la primera jornada en la que es legal su venta para uso recreativo en este estado.

Al menos 4 horas antes de la medianoche del viernes comenzaron las largas líneas que inauguraron el primer día de venta legal de marihuana recreativa en el “estado de plata”, especialmente en la turística ciudad de Las Vegas.

Mientras algunos dispensarios regalaban muestras de la hierba a sus primeros cien clientes, otros los recibieron con una fiesta, incluidos fuegos artificiales y camiones de comida en sus estacionamientos.

Ese entusiasmo todavía se mantiene en los diferentes puntos donde los clientes, mayormente turistas, quieren comprar la hierba y formar parte de esta histórica jornada para el estado.

Hasta el momento no se han reportado incidentes, pero la Policía Metropolitana de Las Vegas recordó hoy a través de Facebook que, aunque el consumo y la venta de marihuana recreativa ya es legal, no lo es hacerlo en lugares públicos ni conducir bajo sus efectos.

Cualquier persona menor de 21 años que sea encontrada en posesión de marihuana o cualquiera que posea más de la dosis permitida de una onza (28 gramos) enfrentará el peso de la ley.

Los mismos dispensarios se están encargando de recordar las limitaciones y restricciones de la ley a sus clientes.

“Hemos trabajado en este negocio por más de un año sin tener ningún problema y queremos que las cosas sigan así”, dijo a Efe Al Fasano, propietario de ReLeaf, el primer dispensario que abrió en Las Vegas en octubre de 2015.

Los 37 dispensarios que tienen licencia en Nevada estiman que sus clientelas pueden triplicarse a partir de ahora.

Nevada se sumó así a Alaska, Colorado, Oregón y Washington como estados que permiten la venta legal de marihuana, y está previsto que California, Maine y Massachusetts hagan lo propio el año próximo después de que se aprobasen medidas en este sentido en consultas populares celebradas en noviembre de 2016.

En total, en 29 estados, junto con el Distrito de Columbia, donde se asienta la capital del país, tienen algún tipo de mercado legal de marihuana, incluida la medicinal.

Los pronósticos del Gobierno estatal apuntan a que el nuevo negocio puede producir más de 60 millones de dólares en ingresos tributarios durante los próximos dos años, dinero que, según el senador estatal Tick Segerblom, responsable de la medida, ya fue adjudicado al presupuesto de Educación.


          January 4, 2010 Joint Board Meeting With Griffin School District   
The January 4, 2010 Joint Board Meeting of the Olympia School District Board of Directors and the Griffin School District Board of Directors recorded at Capital High School.
          Flight Attendant - Overseas Operations - Trans Capital Air Ltd. - Toronto, ON   
Must be eligible to work for a Canadian company, have valid passport and be able to travel without restrictions;...
From Indeed - Fri, 26 May 2017 19:48:20 GMT - View all Toronto, ON jobs
          Experienced Forex Trader - Fxinity Capital - Toronto, ON   
The program will form a substantial part of the company’s corporate expansion strategy and will see an influx of opportunity seekers, who can demonstrate a...
From Indeed - Fri, 10 Mar 2017 15:01:59 GMT - View all Toronto, ON jobs
          Silicon-on-Seine: world's biggest tech incubator opens in Paris   
by Clare BYRNE Paris takes a step closer Thursday to fulfilling its ambition of becoming Europe's technology capital when President Emmanuel Macron inaugurates Station F, the world's largest start-up incubator on the banks of the Seine.
          Bank Dividends Soar   
After U.S. banks passed the Fed’s latest stress tests with flying colors, bank dividends are soaring. Some of our highly favored banks just increased their dividends as much as 35% in addition to announcing increased buybacks. The FT reports on bank dividends. Now, rather than accumulating capital to build buffers against losses, the likes of […]
          Sales Manager (SM) - Technicom - New Delhi, Delhi   
Candidates having knowledge of German language will be preferred. Sales promotion and marketing of high value high-tech capital equipment....
From Technicom - Thu, 08 Jun 2017 10:41:32 GMT - View all New Delhi, Delhi jobs
          Until Dawn y Juego de Tronos destacan entre los juegos de un julio estupendo para los usuarios de PlayStation Plus   

Ps Plus 755x425

Puede que llevemos menos de una semana metidos en verano, pero con la remesa de propuestas que llegarán a los suscriptores de PlayStation Plus este mes de julio estamos muy seguros de que el invierno se aproxima con la propuesta de terror de Supermassive Games y la adaptación de Telltale Games de la obra de G.R.R. Martins.

Sin embargo, uno de los máximos atractivos este mes es que además de los dos juegos habituales que podremos descargar en cada consola de Sony (sin contar con los cross-play), podremos disfrutar sin coste alguno del primer título del sello PlayLink, la gama de juegos diseñados para jugar en grupo desde smartphones y tablets.

Juegos gratuitos para PS4

Sony es muy consciente de la expectación que hay en torno al estreno de la nueva temporada de Juego de Tronos, y para caldear el ambiente nos propone disfrutar de la primera temporada completa de 'Game of Thrones – A Telltale Series'. Sin embargo, el plato fuerte del mes -al menos en lo jugable- será 'Until Dawn', un survival inspirado en las slasher movies que no tardó en convertirse en uno de los primeros grandes exclusivos de la sobremesa de Sony.

La propuesta en PS4 se completa con ¡Has Sido Tu!, una propuesta social para seis jugadores en la que podremos interactuar desde nuestros dispositivos móviles respondiendo cientos de preguntas y participando en toda clase de retos y 'Don’t Die Mr Robot', el cual recibiremos gracias a la opcion de cross-buy con la portátil de Sony.

  • Until Dawn
  • Game of Thrones: A Telltale Series
  • ¡Has sido tú! – PS4
  • Don’t Die Mr Robot (cross-buy para PS4)

Juegos de PS Vita y PS3

Por su parte, Sony sigue reforzando el catálogo de juegos de los usuarios de PS3 con dos propuestas variadas pero especialmente sugerentes: 'Tokyo Jungle' convierte la capital de Japón en un enorme entorno absorbido por la naturaleza y en el que tomaremos el control de varios animales.

Por otro lado, 'DarkStalkers Resurrection' es el regreso de una de las mejores sagas de lucha de Capcom con una actualización visual y juego online que no puede faltar a ningún amante del género.

  • Tokyo Jungle – PS3
  • Darkstalkers Resurrection – PS3

Para terminar, 'Don’t Die Mr Robot' es un arcade que -pese a su aspecto simplón- esconde un desafiante bullet hell a través de cuatro modos de juego que podremos disfrutar tanto en PS Vita como en PS4, y 'Element4l' se presenta como un plataformas de scroll lateral muy en la línea de Limbo.

  • Don’t Die Mr Robot – PS Vita (cross-buy para PS4)
  • Element4l – PS Vita

Definitivamente una estupenda manera de arrancar la segunda mitad del año y que podremos descargar sin coste a partir del 4 de julio. ¿Mantendrán la línea los cinco meses restantes? en aproximadamente 30 días lo averiguaremos.


          PORTUGAL À SOMBRA DE AMBIGUIDADES AINDA NÃO ULTRAPASSADAS – VIII   



Em saudação aos 60 anos do MPLA, aos 52 anos da passagem do Che por África e aos 43 anos do 25 de Abril… e assinalando os 50 anos do início do “Exercício ALCORA” e os 50 anos do início da Guerra do Biafra.

15- O fascismo e colonialismo do Estado Novo, em função dos problemas que criou, tornou-se praticamente indigente no que ao armamento e equipamento militar dizia respeito: e vassalo nas obrigações internacionais no quadro da NATO e do Exercício ALCORA, uma vassalagem que não parou com o 25 de Abril de 1974.

Em Goa, Damão e Dio, ficou evidente que a capacidade militar do colonialismo português praticamente não existia e no campo da NATO, muito poucos tinham interesse em ajudar essa indigência avassalada, inclusive o aliado Grã-Bretanha.

Logo em 1961 relativamente a Angola, era essa a impressão do cônsul-geral da África do Sul em Luanda e por isso os portugueses recorreram desde logo ao “apartheid” para criar comunicações que levassem a futuros entendimentos com a África do Sul.

Se a vassalagem era impotente em relação à NATO, iriam buscá-la noutras paragens.

Em Setembro de 1963, a África do Sul ofereceu assistência militar e um ano depois, os portugueses manifestaram ao “apartheid” que estavam interessados num acordo permanente para o fornecimento de peças e outros serviços de apoio para os helicópteros Alouette III.

Em 1967 os dois países deram mais um passo no sentido do fornecimento por parte da África do Sul de material militar, algo que agradava ao “apartheid”, que além do mais se ia apercebendo que Portugal iria ficar em dependência em relação ao seu poderio e interesses.

Em 1968 os enlaces derivaram no sentido de se criar as bases do acordo do âmbito do Exercício ALCORA, sendo definida a entrada das SADF e Polícia sul-africana no sudeste de Angola, a pretexto do “apartheid” se juntar aos portugueses e dar caça simultaneamente às guerrilhas da SWAPO e do MPLA.

Em ambos os casos o “apartheid” aproveitou para estreitar laços com a PIDE/DGS, uma vez que o conceito e a doutrina dos Flechas às ordens de Óscar Cardoso lhes interessava, tanto como a Operação Madeira.

De entre os equipamentos que a África do Sul se comprometeu a fornecer nesse ano, estavam 5 helicópteros Alouette III, 33 autometralhadoras Panhard AML e 283 rádios TR 28C.

Algum desse armamento foi parar aos “Dragões” instalados no Bié, o que é um indicativo da percepção que o colonialismo português tinha sobre a importância geoestratégica da Região Central das Grandes Nascentes em Angola.

Para efeito desse fornecimento, os sul-africanos solicitaram ao Estado Novo que pedisse autorização aos franceses, uma vez que eram eles os produtores desses meios e o “apartheid”, que sob licença os produzia no seu território, respeitava os compromissos existentes com a França…

Portugal acedeu e os fornecimentos a partir de então passaram a ter plena garantia.

A França passou a ser um fornecedor de material de guerra que supria as necessidades do“apartheid”, no âmbito da internacional fascista que renitentemente se erguia em armas na África Austral e por tabela do colonialismo português, em especial nos teatros operacionais de Angola, Moçambique e Guiné Bissau.

É evidente que isso não teria sido possível sem que houvesse fortes laços entre os interessados da internacional fascista, ao abrigo do “Le Cercle”, um dos mentores mais reaccionários das políticas de então, unindo as tendências fascistas e colonialistas na Europa, na América Latina e em África, com respaldo das sucessivas administrações estado-unidenses.

O “Le Cercle” haveria de ter muitos êxitos nos seus “bons ofícios” na “defesa da civilização judaico-cristã ocidental” e entre eles os resultantes dos papados no Vaticano dum polaco (João Paulo II – 22 de Outubro de 1978 a 2 de Abril de 2005) e dum alemão (Bento XVI – 24 de Abril de 2005 a 28 de Fevereiro de 2013)…

As mais “conservadoras” doutrinas da Igreja Católica Apostólica Romana, impactaram em Angola nos anos da “glasnost”, nos anos de chumbo, precisa e sincronizadamente na mesma altura dos impactos do capitalismo neoliberal após o desaparecimento do socialismo real da Europa e essa, sob o ponto de vista ideológico, é uma das explicações das aproximações que em função de Bicesse se fizeram a Angola, por via de partidos como o CDS, PSD e PS, até aos nossos dias… coisas de agenciados social-democratas do âmbito da “civilização judaico-cristã ocidental” e dos negócios que ela tão bem propicia, já se vê…

Antes era nesse mesmo esteio que se movia a “Aginter Press”, no quadro das “redes stay behind” da NATO e do “Le Cercle”, acima das capacidades operacionais dos serviços de inteligência de Portugal, Rodésia e África do Sul, ainda que tivesse ficado sem efeito a Concordata do Estado Novo com o Vaticano…

O apoio da França foi garantido e a África do Sul teve luz verde para continuar o fornecimento de material militar ao Estado Novo, o que reforçou o seu relativo domínio na definição, formulação e organização das tarefas e missões implícitas no acordo do Exercício ALCORA.

O Estado Novo foi ficando cada vez mais avassalado ao “apartheid”, à medida que progredia a instalação do Exercício ALCORA.

As políticas de Richard Nixon para África por seu turno, deram outra cobertura às iniciativas em prol do Exercício ALCORA e no leste de Angola, a África do Sul desencadeou a Operação Bombaim, contra as guerrilhas do MPLA e da SWAPO, dando início a uma prolongada “border war” que só iria terminar em finais da década de 80 do século XX, quando a Linha da Frente passou irreversivelmente do paralelo de Brazzaville – Dar es Salam, para o paralelo da fronteira sul de Angola, Zâmbia e Moçambique, dando posteriormente origem à criação da “Southern African Development Community”, SADC.

O Exercício ALCORA teve início formal entre 4 e 7 de Dezembro de 1971, permitindo um aumento dos fornecimentos de material de guerra por parte da França e da África do Sul ao Estado Novo.

Em 1973 e 1974 o estudo dos riscos e ameaças, em função das informações colhidas em Kinshasa no âmbito do Exercício ALCORA (que envolveu também a “antena diplomática” que dava pelo nome de António Monteiro), apontava para a eminência dum ataque a Cabinda e norte de Angola, sob orientação do apêndice da CIA, Mobutu, Presidente do Zaíre, reforçado por outros países africanos.

O Zaíre havia adquirido armamento e os programas de acção contra o colonialismo português em suporte das FLEC e da FNLA, começaram a ganhar corpo.

A escalada de fornecimento de material de guerra em 1974, por parte do “apartheid” ao colonialismo português, subiu uma vez mais a fasquia: os sul-africanos iriam fazer reconhecimentos aéreos em Cabinda e norte de Angola, “a fim de detectar indícios de preparativos de concentração de forças inimigas”, estimularam o fornecimento de mísseis Crotale e prepararam um acordo financeiro, com uma ampla política de crédito disponível.

O 25 de Abril de 1974 inviabilizou alguns dos fornecimentos militares e o reconhecimento aéreo acordado, não terá inviabilizado o financiamento (que lhe terá sido anterior também por causa do Plano do Cunene e Cabora Bassa), mas o aproveitamento das iniciativas de Mobutu na direcção de Cabinda e do norte de Angola, estimuladas pela CIA no encontro “secreto” entre o general Spínola e Mobutu na ilha do Sal, ficaram proteladas para o quadro das disputas relativas à independência de Angola a 11 de Novembro de 1975.

Foi assim que o aproveitamento das iniciativas de Mobutu, passaram a integrar a Operação IAFEATURE, da “CIA contra Angola”, conforme a denúncia de John Stockwell.

De entre esses aproveitamentos esteve o Exército de Libertação de Portugal, ELP, um resultado dos compromissos do general Spínola, que depois de ultrapassar a hesitação de alinhamento directo com o “apartheid”, acabou por alinhar na operação da “CIA contra Angola”, tendo à frente o Coronel Santos e Castro, um profundo conhecedor das áreas a norte de Luanda (Caxito e Dembos).

O ELP aglutinou alguns sectores ligados à Frente Unida de Angola, FUA e à Frente Revolucionária de Angola, FRA (criado por Jaime Nogueira Pinto), entre outros, cujos programas levavam à independência de Angola de acordo com as ideias de Ian Smith na Rodésia e de forma a “repescar”em tempo oportuno o Exercício ALCORA.

Em “Jogos africanos”, Jaime Nogueira Pinto (membro assumido do “Le Cercle”), revela:

“… Com a partida de Silvério Marques e a chegada de Rosa Coutinho a situação agravou-se muito em todos os sectores.

O Almirante Vermelho, que logo se fizera rodear de uma segurança nunca vista, mostrava-se frio e eficaz no prosseguimento dos seus objectivos.

Achei que era tempo de passar a formas superiores de luta.

AGITPROP.

Tive então a ideia de criar a FRA – Frente Revolucionária de Angola.

O conceito era simples.

Se fôssemos fazer uma coisa de raiz, nós, os miúdos, os militares metropolitanos, não teríamos qualquer hipótese de ser levados a sério pelos civis locais.

Por isso achámos melhor recorrer à acção psicológica e à agitprop, criando um mito, uma lenda.

Engendramos então uma organização secreta – a FRA.

Redigíamos os panfletos originais da dita organização e fazíamos como se nos tivessem vindo parar às mãos.

Depois fotocopiávamos os panfletos e distribuíamo-los por círculos de activistas, onde estavam o Engenheiro Pompílio da Cruz, o capitão Seara e outros.

O Mariz Fernandes era a única pessoa, para além de mim e do Nunes, que sabia da coisa.

A ideia que passávamos era a de que existia uma forte organização secreta de resistência ao MFA e que quem aderia a essa sofisticadíssima rede clandestina passava a fazer parte duma poderosa máquina subversiva.

Assim a FRA funcionou, teve adesões, recrutou militantes e fez até algumas operações.

Era o que importava: não estar quieto, tentar coisas contra o apocalipse que se aproximava”…

…Por aquela altura já estava eu incorporado no Movimento Democrático de Angola (MDA) que, antes da chegada do MPLA a Luanda, sob orientação da Drª Maria do Carmo Medina e de Antero de Abreu, se contrapunha às influências da FUA e do FRA.

O ELP tinha influências também no sul de Angola, (Huíla, Namibe e em Benguela), com resíduos que foram permanecendo até hoje, com influência nos sectores económicos e sócio-políticos daquelas províncias, e intimamente associados a outros intervenientes dentro e fora de Angola, nomeadamente em Portugal e na África do Sul.

Era nesse cadinho que a BOSS/NIS recrutava agentes, como os que foram mais tarde detectados e neutralizados pela segurança angolana; Amílcar Fernandes Freire, Francisco Alberto Abarran Barata e Dongala Kamati, (meados da década de 80)… eu fui um dos oficiais instrutores do processo que lhes foi correspondente em defesa dasegurança e soberania de Angola… mal sabendo eu que em breve seria acusado, julgado e condenado por “golpe de estado sem efusão de sangue”(Processo 76/86)…

Foi assim também que o “apartheid”, tacitamente, desencadearia a Operação Savana, em apoio a Savimbi, em simultâneo à Operação da “CIA contra Angola” e na perspectiva de Holden e Savimbi alcançarem o poder em Luanda, a 11 de Novembro de 1975…”border war” já se vê…

… E foi assim que Portugal (onde já se vivia o após 25 de Novembro de 1975), retardou o reconhecimento da República Popular de Angola, (só o fez a 22 de Fevereiro de 1976 e foi o 83º país a fazê-lo) na espectativa de sua inviabilização!

É evidente que à medida que a aristocracia financeira mundial assumia o domínio, todas as peças da “civilização judaico-cristã ocidental” se iam encaixando na sua estrutura em pirâmide, cada vez mais avassaladora, preparando a hegemonia unipolar.

16- A passagem da linha da frente progressista e informal, para a Linha da Frente contra o“apartheid” a sul de Angola, acompanhou a trajectória da evolução do Exercício ALCORA até ao seu colapso.

Em Brazzaville, sucederam-se vários governos progressistas, fora da órbitra das redes de Jacques Foccard e para tal muito contribuiu a ajuda internacionalista da 2ª coluna do Che, que teve em Jorge Risquet um dos seus principais dirigentes.

Instalada a partir de 1965, a 2ª coluna do Che, que continuou mesmo depois da passagem do Che pelo Congo na espectativa dos sucessos da guerrilha de Mulele, vocacionou-se também e desde logo no apoio ao Movimento de Libertação em África, nomeadamente no apoio ao MPLA.

No livro “El  Segundo Frente del Che en el Congo – Historia del Batallón Patricio Lumumba”, Jorge Risquet Valdés dá conta do papel da iniciativa solidária e internacionalista para com África, nos termos da linha da frente progressista informal que se instalou entre Dar es Salam e Brazzaville, narrando com detalhe as acções e citando uma nota do Comandante Fidel de Castro de 30 de Dezembro de 1966:

“Informa a nuestros compañeros en esa,

A nuestros instructores militares, que han permanecido meses alejados de nuestra pátria, cumpliendo misión histórica de solidariedade com pueblos hermanos de África y que han puesto mu yen alto el prestígio de la Revolución cubana envio un caluroso y bien merecido Saludo en estes dias de fiestas navideñas.

La actitud firme y decidida de ustedes, combatientes revolucionários, de permanecer voluntariamente junto a pueblos hermanos, amenazados y agredidos por el imperialismo, demuenstra el alto espiritu de internacionalismo proletário y de solidariedade revolucionaria que há alcanzado nuestro Pueblo. En esse gesto está presente el ideal revolucionaria de Camilo y la decisión inquebrantable de lucha del Che.

Nuestro partido, las fuerzas armadas revolucionaias y nuestro Pueblo, que se apresentan a festejar el octavo aniversario de nuestra Revolución, se sienten orgullosos de ustedes, abnegados jóvenes por la disposición de ofrendar sus vidas si fuere necessário por la causa justa de los pueblos oprimidos, conscientes de que com ello sirven a la pátria y a la humanidade”.

Muita capacidade operativa do MPLA e do PAIGC foi forjada nessa conjuntura, inclusive as três colunas que partiriam em socorro da Iª Região Política Militar do MPLA, cercada e vulnerável
a incursões militares e de inteligência por parte do colonialismo português.

Para o MPLA foi também muito importante para reverter as situações vividas com a sua expulsão do Zaíre.

As colunas do MPLA, Camilo Cienfuegos, Cami e Ferraz Bomboco foram apenas um dos resultados dessas iniciativas progressistas a partir de Brazzaville, além da continuidade da guerrilha de Pierre Mulele e da própria consolidação do poder progressista no Congo (Brazzaville).

Os guerrilheiros angolanos forjados nessas lutas inquebrantáveis, foram utilizados depois para a abertura da Frente Leste do MPLA já no início da década de 70 do século XX, fazendo progredir em direcção a sul a Libertação em África, tendo como rectaguarda o território zambiano e ponto de apoio logístico principal Dar es Salam; muitos dos chefes estiveram na proclamação das FAPLA.

A abertura da Frente Leste foi determinante para o “apartheid” se decidir a envolver no Exercício ALCORA, dando início à “border war” em 1968 e presença de suas forças no sudeste angolano, facto que por si comprova quanto era negativamente avaliado o poder militar do Estado Novo em Angola.

A abertura da Frente Leste obrigou por outro lado a internacional fascista (com Mobutu incluído) a reforçar as linhas etno-nacionaistas da FLEC, da FNLA e da UNITA…

Com o 25 de Abril de 1974, o Exercício ALCORA desmorona-se dos termos previstos pela internacional fascista que incluía Portugal, a Rodésia, a África do Sul e alguns aliados africanos infiltrados pelo seu sistema e pela CIA.

O plano de Mobutu para assaltar Cabinda e o norte de Angola, foi então “reconvertido”, o que só por si era um obstáculo à progressão em direcção sul das linhas progressistas a partir de Dar es Salam e Brazzaville.

Com a data de independência de Angola à vista, Mobutu “fazia-se ao bife”, sob os auspícios da CIA e tacitamente alinhado com o “apartheid”, enquanto os portugueses, perdidos nas lutas internas do MFA entre o 25 de abril de 1974 e o 25 de Novembro de 1975, iam respondendo conforme cada tendência política.

O Governador de Cabinda de então, Themudo Barata, veladamente alinhou com Mobutu e a FLEC, por efeito das políticas do general Spínola, conferindo à FLEC uma representatividade que não era internacionalmente reconhecida, numa polémica que é sustentada até nossos dias, com muitas entidades portuguesas a seguirem a trilha spinolista desde o 25 de Novembro de 1975.

As FLECs contam com apoios desse tipo em Portugal desde então.

Na aproximação do 11 de Novembro, Mobutu apoia a FLEC e a FNLA, de forma a intervir em Angola ao abrigo da CIA, pelo que angolanos e cubanos tiveram de travar as batalhas decisivas de Cabinda, Quifangondo e Ebo, a fim de ser proclamada a República Popular de Angola.

Em Cuba o Comandante Fidel apercebeu-se da importância de defender a capital angolana e simultaneamente Cabinda, pois sem isso seria impossível a progressão da linha da frente infrmal entre Dar es Salam e Brazzaville, para a Linha da Frente que mis tarde daria origem à SADC.

Pouco relevo se tem dado à batalha de Cabinda, mas o general de corpo de exército das Forças Armadas Revolucionárias de Cuba, Ramón Espinosa Martin, elaborou um relato completo dos acontecimentos no seu livro “La Batalla de Cabinda”.

Desse livro destaco uma das lições geoestratégicas do Comandante Fidel em África.

“Mensage de Salida nº. 58

Destino: Luanda.

Al: 1er. Comdt. Arguelles- Gondin.

El comandante en Jefenos há pedido les trasmitamos el seguiente texto:

Para Angola se envio todo lo solicitado e incluso más.

Se decidió reforzar Cabinda com recursos absolutamente adicionales.

Se envio também personal que estuviera en disposición de combatir.

Cabinda es el punto más débil y peor defendido.

Si se pierde Cabinda no lo podran recuperar más.

Angola sin Cabinda no podrá consolidar su independenciaporque alli están los recursos económicos fundamentales.

Mobutu quiere apoderar-se de Cabinda y tarde o temprano la va a agredir, sobre todo si sabe que está indefensa.

Es necessário que ustedes entiendan esto y se lo hagan compreender al MPLA.

Se acordo además enviar a Angola el personal necessário para la técnica soviética.

Por esto no lo creemos que se deba continuar debilitando Cabinda.

Si ya bajaron los morteros 120 en Bengela, úsenlos entonces en Angola pero no reduzcan más los medios destinados a Cabinda.

Debemos atenernos a los planos acordados.

Ahora se lucha en Angola pero no sabemos lo que puede ocurrir en Cabinda y no debemos dejar nuestro personal alli debilitado, ya que en caso de ataque por fuerzas d Zaire tendrán que luchar muy duramente y prácticamente solos.

En Angola tienen ya bastantes médios.

Estan recebuiendo además el material de otros países y se puede continuar reforzando desde aqui com personal cubano.

Si Hay peligro real en Luanda es mejor reforzar esa dirección com médios de las otras escuelas antes que descuidar Cabinda.

Ustedes tienen ahi varias opciones posibles cuando lo consideren realmente necesario.

Los ruego analicen com serenidade estos hechos.

Si se gana la guerra en Angola Y se pierde en Cabinda, se habra perdido mucho.

Hay que tratr de obtener los objectivos completos en ambos puntos.

Saludos, Fidel.

Firmado: Colomé.

18.10.75”.

A Operação Carlota estava lançada e a RPA levaria a linha da frente para a sua própria fronteira sul, o que obrigaria o “apartheid” a reinventar e reconverter a “border war”, nunca desperdiçando o que quer que fosse dos “bons ofícios” à portuguesa no quadro dos sucessivos governos de após 25 de Novembro de 1975, tendo em conta a absorção de muitos conceitos e práticas do colonialismo português e dos nexos de inteligência que todos eles propiciavam.

Isso perdurou não só enquanto esteve em vigência o “apartheid”, mas também quando as políticas hegemónicas unipolares incentivadas pela “civilização judaico-cristã ocidental” se fortaleceram e impactaram da maneira mais terrível (choque neoliberal entre 1992 e 2002), quanto da maneira mais “persuasiva” (quando se foi evidenciando a terapia neoliberal em Angola, de 2002 aos nossos dias)… para esse efeito a inteligência económica dos sucessivos governos de Portugal, vassala dos poderosos, tal como do Bilderberg, esperaram a sua hora!

Em relação a Angola, por alturas do passamento físico do Comandante Fidel, foi justo o que escrevi na Embaixada de Cuba enquanto “soldado do MPLA” e antigo combatente angolano, face à fotografia do Comandante, insigne lutador pelas mais justas causas libertárias de África:

“… De Argel ao Cabo…

Cavalgando com Fidel!

… Levando o ardor progressista desde contra o baluarte do colonialismo francês no Norte de África…

… Até contra o bastião mais retrógrado e fascista que existia à face da Terra após a IIª Guerra Mundial, em seu perverso domínio em toda a África Austral…

… Precisamente no sentido inverso ao projetado pelo império anglo-saxónico sob inspiração de Cecil John Rhodes… do Cabo ao Cairo…

… Em 55 anos foi de facto um vulcão libertário que sacudiu África e se distendeu, um vulcão libertário cuja energia tem aqui e agora, no berço da humanidade, oportunidade para muito melhor se refletir, se equacionar e inteligentemente aproveitar!...

… Quanto os africanos não têm saudavelmente absorvido do legítimo contributo e histórica responsabilidade revolucionária cubana, por via das armas enquanto houvera que ser, por via da educação e da saúde enquanto nesses 55 anos o foi, o é… e o será no porvir!?

Vencido o colonialismo pelas armas… vencido o apartheid pelas armas… vencidas algumas de suas sequelas pelas armas… quando face às bombas nucleares nenhum combatente progressista recuou… a paz, a harmonia e a luta contra o subdesenvolvimento tornou-se mais possível que nunca!...”

A consultar de Martinho Júnior:
Eleições na letargia duma colónia periférica – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.com/2013/10/eleicoes-na-letargia-duma-colonia.html 
Programa soft power da CIA contra Angola, passa por Portugal – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.com/2017/01/programa-soft-power-da-cia-contra.html 
Neocolonialismo em brandos costumes e dois episódios – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.com/2017/03/neocolonialismo-em-brandos-costumes-e.html 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – I – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.pt/2017/04/portugal-sombra-de-ambiguidades-ainda.html 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – II – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.pt/2017/04/portugal-sombra-de-ambiguidades-ainda_30.html 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – III – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.pt/2017/05/portugal-sombra-de-ambiguidades-ainda.html 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – IV – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.pt/2017/05/portugal-sombra-de-ambiguidades-ainda_8.html 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – V – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.pt/2017/05/portugal-sombra-de-ambiguidades-ainda_14.html 
Portugal à sombra de ambiguidades ainda não ultrapassadas – VI – http://paginaglobal.blogspot.pt/2017/05/portugal-sombra-de-ambiguidades-ainda_18.html


          HORA DE ENFRENTAR FACEBOOK E GOOGLE?   


Punição da União Europeia e estudo independente reconhecem: os dois gigantes querem cercar a internet e eliminar sua diversidade. Mas como frear seu poder?

Rafael A. F. Zanatta | Outras Palavras

Essa semana, Google e Facebook – dois dos maiores gigantes do capitalismo de vigilância contemporâneo – sofreram duros golpes em suas reputações corporativas, abrindo um debate mundial sobre a ética de suas ações e as vulnerabilidades de nossa dependência a esses monopólios da era digital.

Na terça-feira (27/06), a Comissão Europeia impôs uma multa de quase 9 bilhões de reais ao Google por “abuso de posição dominante como motor de busca” e “por dar vantagem ilegal a seu próprio serviço de compras comparativas”. Trata-se da maior punição antitruste a uma única empresa já realizada na Europa.

As investigações foram conduzidas por Margrethe Vestager, comissária da União Europeia para defesa da concorrência (e forte liderança do Partido Social-Liberal da Dinamarca). Ela revelou que oGoogle situava sistematicamente em lugar destacado seus próprios serviços de compras comparativas, “colocando em lugar pior os serviços de comparação rivais nos resultados de busca”. Para a comissária, o Google “ocupa uma posição dominante nos mercados de busca de internet no Espaço Econômico Europeu” e, com suas práticas de manipulação, “abusou da posição dominante dando a seus próprios serviços uma vantagem ilegal”.

Em um processo de investigação sigiloso, realizado desde 2014, Vestager reuniu um amplo conjunto de provas, incluindo 5,2 terabytes de resultados de busca (1.700 milhões de consultas), experimentos e estudos que demonstravam a visibilidade e o comportamento de consumidores em número de cliques, dados financeiros da Google e seus competidores e o declínio de acessos em websites europeus.

Para analistas do Financial Times, a decisão é um divisor de águas na regulação antitruste aplicada à “nova geração de empresas de tecnologia dominantes dos Estados Unidos”. Um terço da receita do Google com publicidade em buscas na Europa vem dos anúncios de compras que foram analisadas pela União Europeia. A decisão, enfim, “abre o coração do mecanismo de busca do Google” e possibilita o debate sobre como outros poderão utilizar seu mecanismo para conseguir uma melhor exposição.

Para quem se recorda do chamado de Richard Sennett de 2013 para “quebrar o poder de mercado do Google”, a decisão reabre um debate sobre monopólios na era digital. “A dominação é real e deve ser combatida”, dizia Sennett, por mais que essas empresas nos pareçam boazinhas.

Na quarta-feira (28/06), o centro independente de investigação ProPublica divulgou documentos internos do Facebook sobre o modo como seus 2 bilhões de usuários têm seus discursos avaliados, passando por filtros de censura sobre o que poderia configurar “discurso de ódio”.

De acordo com a denúncia do ProPublica, os algoritmos – fórmulas matemáticas que executam ações e comandos – do Facebook geram resultados socialmente questionáveis, assegurando os direitos de grupos com posições sociais asseguradas (como homens brancos) e desprotegendo grupos minoritários (crianças negras, por exemplo). Documentos internos vazados da empresa mostram que revisores de conteúdo eram orientados a trabalhar com uma fórmula simples (protected category + attack = hate speech). “Sexo” e “identidade de gênero”, por exemplo, são consideradas categorias protegidas, ao passo que “idade” e “ocupação” não. Como a fórmula exige uma dupla combinação de categorias protegidas (PC + PC = PC), discursos voltados a mulheres motoristas não são considerados de ódio, pois há uma categoria não protegida, que é ocupação (PC + NPC = NPC).

O simplismo de fórmula matemática do Facebook e a tentativa de “proteger todas as raças e gêneros de forma igual” despertou a crítica de acadêmicos. Denielle Citron, da Universidade de Maryland, argumentou que as regras do Facebook ignoram o espírito do direito e a análise contextual da proteção. O Facebook saiu em defesa própria, alegando que as políticas não possuem resultados perfeitos e que é “difícil regular uma comunidade global”.

Em ensaio para revista Wired, Emily Dreyfuss analisou a denúncia da ProPublica e argumentou que o problema é maior é que o Facebook é “muito grande para ser deletado”. Ao conectar um quatro da humanidade, as pessoas que precisam de uma plataforma para expressão não são capazes de sair – mesmo se forem alvos de censuras arbitrárias ou desproteções, como o caso dos algoritmos de “discurso de ódio”.

Isso leva a uma situação paradoxal. Ativistas em defesa da privacidade e lideranças do movimento negro – que atacam práticas realizadas pelo Facebook, como coleta maciça de dados e tratamento tecnológico desigual para brancos e negros – dependem do Facebook para compartilhar informação, pois as perdas são muito grandes ao deletar sua conta e isolar-se da rede de Zuckerberg. “São poucos os que podem se dar ao luxo de abandonar o Facebook e utilizar outras redes”, afirma Dreyfuss.

Renata Mielli, ativista integrante da Coalizão Direitos na Redeem ensaio para o Mídia Ninja nesta quinta-feira (29/06), foi perspicaz no diagnóstico: “O Facebook está sugando a internet para dentro de sua timeline”. Ele é o “maior monopólio privado de comunicação do mundo”, colocando em cheque as bases de nossa democracia.

Retomamos, assim, à grande provocação de Richard Sennett: se sabemos que esses gigantes devem ser quebrados e se estamos cientes dos aspectos prejudiciais desses monopólios sociais, o que podemos fazer?

A The Economist, em matéria de capa no mês de maio1, surpreendeu os progressistas ao oferecer uma crítica ao poder do Google e Facebook. A revista inglesa argumentou que é necessário “repensar radicalmente” os instrumentos antitrustes para os gigantes de coleta de dados (Google e Facebook), pois os reguladores ainda estão presos a conceitos de era industrial, ao passo que os instrumentos de análise devem ser voltados a empresas de tecnologia focadas em dados.

A Economist também propôs duas ideias embrionárias: aumentar a transparência sobre como os dados pessoais são coletados e monetizados (aumentando poder de barganha dos “fornecedores” – ou seja, nós mesmos) e redefinir conceitos jurídicos aplicáveis a essa nova indústria, tratando os data vaults (bancos de dados modelados para fornecer armazenamento histórico de longo prazo) como “infraestrutura pública”, forçando o compartilhamento de dados para estimular a competição.

Seriam ideias viáveis? Talvez. O mais importante, nesse momento, é mobilizarmos essas perguntas e forçarmos uma discussão sobre alternativas políticas e institucionais.

1Regulating the internet giants: the world’s most valuable resource is no longer oil, but data

* Rafael A. F. Zanatta é pesquisador em direito e sociedades digitais. É mestre em direito e economia política pela International University College of Turin e mestre em sociologia jurídica pela Universidade de São Paulo, onde foi coordenador do "Núcleo de Direito, Internet e Sociedade"


          Tapicero particulares empresas y residencias de ancianos   
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          Java J2EE Application Developer - CIBC - Toronto, ON   
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          Should We Kill The Dollar Bill?    
Our story begins last month inside a busy Washington, D.C. subway station plastered with posters of giant dollar bills. One of them says: "Tell Congress to stop wasting time trying to eliminate the dollar bill." Another asks: "Do you heart the dollar?" Political fights in the nation's capital normally involve billions or even trillions, not single dollars. What's going on here? This being Washington, there's a back story. The $70,000 ad blitz was part of a small lobbying war over the fate of the dollar bill. On one side, leading a legislative charge to eliminate the dollar bill and replace it with a dollar coin, are Sens. Tom Harkin, D-Iowa, and John McCain, R-Ariz. "The most important thing is it's just more efficient. It's way more efficient than a paper dollar," Harkin says. "Canada has a coin that's worth $2 ... Switzerland has one worth about $5... And yet, what have we got? We got a 25-cent piece." It's worth noting that Harkin and McCain both represent states that are home to
          Does Auckland have the infrastructure capacity to host the America's cup? Alex Tarrant reviews two of the Mexican stand-offs involving central government, the Auckland Council, the Airport and Watercare   

By Alex Tarrant

Emirates Team New Zealand’s America’s Cup win has certainly fired up the Auckland infrastructure debate (as if it needed more fuel). Every interested party is now reviewing their wish list trying to figure out whether their pet project could be completed in four years. Rail, roads, houses and water pipes.

The 2021 event (Auckland will also hold the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation summit that year) might be a Godsend for getting even more Auckland infrastructure work on the move (if we can find the labourers needed – don’t mention foreigners!).

But the multiple Mexican stand-offs between the Government, Auckland Council and other parties like Auckland Airport and Watercare need to be resolved. The key in each dispute is who pays for what, when, why and how.

This (rather long) column focuses on two of those stand-offs. Rail to Auckland Airport from the CBD, and cheaper, faster provision of water services for new housing in Auckland – including boosting incentives for cheaper densification. On Rail, there is a simple answer to get things moving if the project would indeed lead to benefits. On water, revised legislation debated in Parliament last week provides some hope.

Rail to the airport

Politicians were quick to jump on the success of ETNZ earlier this week and the expected economic benefits to Auckland from holding the Cup in 2021. The Green Party used the occasion to question the Transport Minister on whether Auckland would have capacity to host the event.

“Will the government start building rail to the airport sooner, if Auckland hosts the next America’s Cup regatta, or will Aucklanders still have to wait 30 years?” Julie Anne Genter asked Simon Bridges.

Bridges’ answers focussed on the current plan of protecting a sole purpose route that will originally be marked out for a busway to the Airport. This showed the government was prioritising the project, he claimed, being careful to add it was difficult to explain what the timeframe could be for progressing to rail. This would be driven by demand and usage numbers, Bridges said.

So why not just kick-start the project of rail to the airport? If central government were to lead on funding, couldn’t others like the Council be given time to come up with their share? The reason this National-led government isn’t making any firm commitments like this is down to the principle of, whoever benefits should pay.

Steven Joyce, Simon Bridges and other Ministers have in recent months been talking more about the use of value uplift taxes to help fund new projects – rates will be higher in areas that profit from increased transportation links, for example. These could be residential rates paid by homeowners in areas with improved access to the CBD from a new road, which would have boosted the value of their property. They could also be imposed on commercial businesses that benefit from more foot-traffic due to being closer to, say, a new train station.

The government openly admits that a value uplift tax would have been a perfect fit for Auckland’s inner-city rail loop. But, because the loop was announced before Ministers could start spraying the idea around, they feel it would be a bit rude (think a vote-loser) to suddenly turn around and clamp such a tax on business owners close to where the new stations would be, regardless of the economics.

They have to find a project that hasn’t yet started, and which would clearly benefit the areas linked by the project. Penlink has been talked about. I also give you the Airport-City rail link.

However, Bridges and Joyce are engaged in a stand-off with Auckland Airport. ‘If you come to the table, then we will too.’

Auckland Airport would clearly benefit from any rail link with the city. So, Bridges et al are waiting for them to come to the party. If we’re talking light rail – trams – then Dominion Road businesses and residential properties should also benefit in value uplift.

It’s a stand-off though. If the airport argues against paying more because the benefits won’t be that great, then the government can turn around and say, ‘ok well that’s a good argument for not needing to build the new connection’. If the government just starts funding the link itself, then it runs the risk of no-one else coming to the party. They also don't want to be seen starting the project with inclusion of value-uplift taxes that no-one agrees on - that's not the way this government wants to work.

In effect, the sticking point is a matter of principle. It’s a principled Mexican stand-off. Or a prisoners’ dilemma in a low-security prison.

Water pipe dream

The next stand-off is a key component in Auckland’s housing debate. Water pipes. A couple of weeks ago I wrote about how the National Cabinet would love to take a swipe at the monopolistic, not-for-profit Watercare in Auckland. They’re getting nearer to it.

The Local Government Amendment Act 2002 Amendment Bill (No 2) was introduced last year by former Local Government Minister Peseta Sam Lotu-Iiga. And boy was it popular. The Local Government Select Committee heard nearly 200 submissions on the Bill. They’ve now reported back with amendments. The Bill received a second reading last week.

The stand-off between local and central government on water pipes can best be summed up by a conversation between media and Local Government New Zealand a few weeks back. A lot of New Zealand’s water pipe infrastructure was put in in the 1960s, we were told. Those pipes had an expected lifetime of 60 years, so we’re heading towards an exponential renewals curve over the next 15 years for assets worth over $100 billion.

A couple of the journalists (including this correspondent) were a tad miffed by this. Did local councils know there was only a 60-year life span? “Yeah, they did,” was the reply. ““The renewals curve is not a surprise. But it’s here, now.”

So why haven’t councils planned over those 60 years to put replacement funds aside? The problem, we were told, was that in the 1960s a lot of the pipes were paid for by central government. Now, technically only local government is on the hook. “Under our current funding model, it’s rates and debt [to pay for it]. The issue becomes, is that a sustainable position? Our view is it is not.”

That’s why local government is calling on central government to agree to a co-funding model for the replacement of water pipes nationwide that are coming to the end of their working life (even though this was all known about for 60 years).

I asked Local Government New Zealand chairman Lawrence Yule whether they’d had any indications from central government that this could be done. He said central government had always indicated a willingness to look at it “but only once you’ve made sure what you’re doing currently is being done as efficiently as it can be.”

It’s a stand-off. Local government is refusing to consider how to fund replacement pipes until central government agrees to a co-funding model. Central government won’t agree to a co-funding model until local government gets its own house in order and ensures water services operations are as efficient as possible.

The issue got to a point where central government decided to try and take the initiative. This is where the Local Government Local Government Act Amendment Bill (No 2) comes in. Central government clearly believes things aren’t being done as efficiently as possible.

The Bill will allow various councils to band together to create Transport and Water Council Controlled Organisations (CCOs) to provide services across several local authorities. Scale. It will also give greater scope for re-organisation of CCOs. As now-Local Government Minister Anne Tolley put it in Thursday’s second reading, it provides “an opportunity for the sector to show their local strategic leadership, which may require hard decisions about difficult options in order to secure a positive future for their communities.”

Let’s take Watercare. In its submission on the Bill (co-submitted with Auckland Council), it argued that since its first fully operational year in 2011/12, it has reduced the cost of water delivery to Aucklanders compared the rag-tag pricing run previously by individual councils pre-Super City.

That’s true. The $1.30 per thousand litres was below the range of $1.31-$3.50 encompassing Rodney, North Shore, Waitakere, Auckland, Manukau and Franklin. Job well done. Scale worked. But since then, that cost has risen each year to $1.44 per thousand litres in 2016/17. That’s not what central government (or Auckland residents) wanted to see.

A 2015 Cabinet paper introducing the Amendment Bill reveals what some Cabinet Ministers really wanted to do. The Local Government Minister at the time highlighted the potential benefits of requiring Watercare to have to pay a dividend (“distribute surpluses”) to the Council. This could encourage more efficient pricing of water services and allow it better access to finance.

However, due to the prospect of the move not being supported by “the community,” the idea was not included. Indeed, when the Local Government Select Committee reported the Bill back to the House in June, Section 70 was there prohibiting the distribution of surpluses by water services CCOs.

A pity. There is some exciting stuff in there, though. Central government is aiming to be imposing a number of requirements that I’m told are aimed at drastically changing the way Watercare operates.

The Productivity Commission’s 2016 report, Using Land for Housing, helped. Looking at Watercare from a housing supply lens, the Commission raised a number of concerns and recommendations which will partly be tackled by the Bill.

Firstly, Watercare’s Infrastructure Growth Charges (IGCs) do not recover the full costs of growth (new pipes for new housing), the Commission pointed out. Although initially this could produce benefits for new home buyers not paying the full cost for water infrastructure, deficits will need to be recovered from somewhere. Recovery from existing residents will reduce community acceptance of growth, limiting the supply of infrastructure-enabled land, therefore contributing to higher house prices.

Watercare needed to change how it calculates charges to better reflect the underlying economic costs of supply in different locations and for different types of dwelling, the Commission said. This linked in with criticisms of Watercare’s model of charging flat fees.

“To the extent that certain types of development result in lower infrastructure costs than others, a flat charge will result in a cross-subsidy between different types of dwelling. This might result in a situation in which smaller and more affordable dwellings are cross-subsidising larger standalone dwellings.”

The Bill requires Watercare to shift away from the IGC model to a development contribution model. It has until 30 June 2018 at the latest to figure out how to best make the switch.

Meanwhile, the Commission urged Watercare to consider development agreements, which would enable private developers to take responsibility for building trunk infrastructure. It referenced research that developers may be able to provide infrastructure solutions at lower costs than Watercare, particularly due to ‘over specification’ required by Watercare.

“Watercare notes that development agreements have a range of advantages (eg, they provide a mechanism for bringing in private capital into the provision of public infrastructure) and disadvantages (eg, the time required to prepare and finalise the agreements, especially if more than one developer/landowner is involved). The obligation to consider requests from a developer to enter into development agreements and provide the developer with a written response would not compel Watercare and other CCOs to enter agreements where there are good reasons not to. But a requirement to set out in writing why a development agreement may not proceed would provide clarity and transparency about the reasons for the decision.”

The Bill doesn’t appear to go as far as the Commission would have hoped, but it does provide legislation for Watercare to be able to enter into development agreements.

Finally, the Commission appeared horrified that for both Auckland Transport and Watercare, “supply of infrastructure to support growth is not reflected in either organisation’s performance measures.”

“While the primary accountability documents for Watercare and Auckland Transport (the Statements of Intents) are broadly aligned with the Auckland Plan vision, they do not give effect to the specific objective in the Auckland Plan to increase the city’s supply of new dwellings,” it said.

“Auckland Transport and Watercare’s SOIs should be amended to include performance measures relating to the efficient roll-out of new infrastructure to support an increased supply of new dwellings.

“The regulatory and institutional framework around the water sector can be improved. Discipline and transparency around the pricing of water services, and better performance monitoring, would improve the ability of the water sector to support urban growth,” the Commission said.

The Bill includes provision for Council input on CCO statements of intent and for performance monitoring. Each CCO – ie Watercare – must provide its shareholders the opportunity to influence the direction of the organisation, and must provide a basis for the accountability of the directors to their shareholders for the performance of the organisation.

And that performance monitoring? A local authority must undertake regular performance monitoring to evaluate a CCO’s contribution to the achievement of the authority’s objectives for the organisation, the desired results set out in its SOI and the overall aims and outcomes of the local authority.

What’s yet to be seen, however, is whether the changes would have such an effect as to fix the pending funding crisis for water pipe replacement and extension. I would think not. But with this Bill, central and local government will both be able to tap the argument that councils and their organisations have reached, or will soon reach efficiency limits.

And that’s the trigger for central government coming to the funding party.


          Comment on Look 20 years out by RJW   
Rob, The end of the process probably won't be market rules capitalism because the middle class will be impoverished, but a return to feudalism on the Latin American model. The rich will prosper. Members of the middle class are always easy marks for conservative low tax, small government propaganda, even though they have proportionally, the most to lose. Let's be optimistic, surely America's institutions will prevent it from following that scenario.
          Dog of the Year: Cocker spaniel named top dog - Topeka Capital Journal   

Dog of the Year: Cocker spaniel named top dog
Topeka Capital Journal
“Seventy-five dogs were rescued. A call was put out for foster families. I drove to Blue Springs, it was a madhouse of barking dogs. I offered to rescue one dog who was the most likely not to be rescued. I was taken to a cage with a dog cowering at the ...


          RE/MAX Capital Vende Terreno 1095 m2 Urb. El Ingenio, Puembo   
150000
Terreno en Puembo sector Los Arrayanes dentro de la Urbanización El Ingenio, la cual es muy exclusivo con guardianía 24 hrs y control de acceso, zona de casas de alto nivel económico, calles pavimentadas, área de parque infantil, cerca al Contry...
1095 m² 136 $/m²
Fri, 28 Apr 2017 21:47:43 +0200
          RE/MAX Capital Vende Lote 752mtrs La Mariscal Ideal para Proyecto Médico   
649990
Avaluado en $823.250, pero Valorado para una Venta Rápida por $649.990 Este lote está ubicado en uno de los sitios mas céntricos y estratégicos de Quito. Ideal para proyectos de turismo médico, hotelero u oficinas: COS Total: 480% COS en PB: 60%...
752 m² 864 $/m²
Fri, 30 Jun 2017 22:16:50 +0200
          Bilingual Spanish/English Collections Manager - Capital Management Services - Buffalo, NY   
One-on-one coaching, compliance and client training, etc. Unit Managers will assist employees and their department in meeting production requirements through...
From Indeed - Thu, 22 Jun 2017 16:42:33 GMT - View all Buffalo, NY jobs
          One of Uber’s earliest backers Bill Gurley, is resigning from its board   
And just like that, Uber continues losing top executives. A day after Founder-CEO Travis Kalanick announced his departure from the firm, board member Bill Gurley is also calling it quits. Apart from being a board member at the ride hailing firm, Gurley is also one of the company’s earliest backers a representative of venture capital […]
          ARROYO CON CONTROL FISURADO   


Grande Pa...fuieste en persona a controlar a los nenes que se iban a Barilo Barilo Bariloooo...salió todo bien ,no encontraron nada de nada...
Vemos
 El intendente Carlos Fernando Arroyo estuvo presente este viernes en el playón de estacionamiento del Estadio “José María Minella” donde supervisó, junto a funcionarios municipales, el operativo de control a micros de egresados que partieron rumbo a Bariloche.
“Realmente se ha trabajado muchísimo desde todas las áreas de control del Municipio”, precisó Arroyo. “Somos un gran equipo de trabajo dispuesto al cuidado de los chicos, verificar que los micros estén en condiciones y que los padres estén tranquilos de que el Estado está presente velando para que todo se desarrolle con normalidad”, agregó el jefe comunal.
En tanto Claudio Cambareri, director de Transporte, detalló que “en cuanto a los controles de las unidades, se verifica que cuenten con las medidas de seguridad, la documentación necesaria, el estado de las cubiertas así como el tiempo de descanso de los choferes a quienes, también, se les realiza un control de alcoholemia con padres de los estudiantes como testigos”.
En el primer día del cronograma coordinado desde el municipio, partieron egresados de localidades vecinas como Santa Clara, Cobo, Miramar y de las escuelas ESS Nº 49, Escuela Agraria, Colegio San Martín, Tavelli, Don Orione, FASTA, Media 23, Minerva, Schweitzer, Newton, Jesús Obrero, ESB Nº 41, EET Nº 3, Media 4, Sarmiento, ESB Nº 40, Media 3, EES Nº 17, Galileo Galilei, EES Nº 51, EESN Nº 2, Media 18, Media 7, Media 6, entre otros.
Por su parte, Miguel Grassi Muñoz, director de Tránsito, informó: “Trabajamos en conjunto con Transporte haciendo controles de alcoholemia y la documentación de los choferes y de los vehículos. Los controles de alcoholemia se hacen para una mayor tranquilidad, con la presencia de los padres de los chicos que van a viajar”.
Un fenómeno vea...
Apenas salen los bondis a setenta cuadras los para policia provincial
En un operativo de interceptación de micros de viajes de egresados que partieron desde Mar del Plata, la Superintendencia de Investigaciones del Tráfico de Drogas Ilícitas secuestró esta tarde drogas y bebidas alcohólicas que estaban dentro del equipaje de los alumnos.
Del operativo, llevado adelante en el kilómetro 7 de la ruta 88 ante la inquietud de los propios padres, participaron también agentes de Seguridad Vial y la Policía Local. Se inspeccionaron seis micros de la empresa Vía Bariloche, tres de Almirante Brown uno de El Rápido.
Según pudo saber LA CAPITAL, del equipaje de los pasajeros se secuestró marihuana para consumo propio, LSD y bebidas alcohólicas. Además, se labraron tres infracciones por incumplimiento de la ley 24449 por “listado de pasajeros incompleto”.
El operativo se llevó a cabo con conocimiento de la fiscalía temática de estupefacientes y el fiscal de menores en turno.





          Los agricultores canarios se resignan ante un año catastrófico por la escasez de lluvias   

La lluvia, ya de por sí escasa en Canarias, apenas ha caído del cielo durante este 2017. “Desde octubre de 2016 a junio de este año ha habido un déficit de precipitaciones”, desvela el delegado de la AEMET en las Islas, Jesús Agüera. A los agricultores les quedaba la esperanza de que con la primavera, en los meses de abril o mayo, cayese algo de agua, pero lo que se ha producido es “un aumento de la temperatura de uno o dos grados por encima de la media”.

Aceptada ya la situación “catastrófica” para el sector primario en Canarias, según el presidente de la Unión de Pequeños Agricultores y Ganaderos (UPA) en Las Palmas, Antonio Suárez, no queda más que resignarse porque “no se puede hacer absolutamente nada, cuando viene un año como este es imposible aportar soluciones”. 

“En los últimos 30 años es difícil encontrar una época más húmeda de lo normal, en general las temperaturas son más cálidas de lo habitual”, afirma Agüera. Lo corroboran las presas: en Gran Canaria, los volúmenes de los embalses públicos (Chira, Ayagaures, Gambuesa, Candelaria, Fataga, Vaquero y El Mulato), estaban en su conjunto al 32% de su capacidad a finales de diciembre de 2015, al 23% en el mismo mes de 2016 y el último dato de 2017 las cifra en el 22%; en Tenerife, donde suelen caer más precipitaciones, los 20 embalses que gestiona la empresa pública de la corporación insular (Balten), muestra que están justo al 50% de su capacidad de media, lo que confirma también una progresiva disminución, ya que al cierre de 2016 estaban al 51% de ocupación, frente al 62% de la misma época en 2015.

En estas dos islas, las zonas más castigadas se ubican en el sur. “En el sur de Gran Canaria ya hay restricciones y hay que dejar de plantar el 40% de lo que otros años se ha podido cultivar”, explica Suárez.

De las restricciones sabe bastante el agricultor Juan Ramírez, miembro de Cosecha Directa que trabaja en la zona de El Tablero (San Bartolomé de Tirajana): “Nosotros tenemos unas limitaciones a la hora de usar el agua, contamos con un gasto de agua anual y de ese gasto, nos quitan unas 400 horas de agua, un 20% del agua que se consume en condiciones normales”.

Normalmente el agua con la que Ramírez riega sus cultivos proviene de las presas, que le cuesta unos “quince euros la hora” (36.000 litros), pero con la escasez de lluvias, deben recurrir a las depuradoras de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, “y me sale a 18 euros la hora”, aunque sabe que a otros les cuesta hasta "36 euros la hora", algo "totalmente inviable".

Todo ello hace que los agricultores del sur grancanario se vean “limitados a la hora de cultivar” porque “la sequía nos deja sin mucho margen de maniobra”, ya que “no podemos usar todo el agua que necesitamos, que es la que usamos normalmente”, relata Ramírez. 

Hernán Tejera, secretario de la Asociación de Agricultores y Ganaderos de Canarias (Asaga), expone que “en el sur de Tenerife sigue habiendo problemas graves, como en Arico, a donde no llega el agua”, pero deja lugar a la esperanza debido a las medidas que se están tomando desde las instituciones: “Hay que recordar que se puso en funcionamiento la desaladora de Granadilla, que da servicio desde Arico hasta el Valle de San Lorenzo”.

“El espacio que va de Santiago del Teide hasta Adeje tiene posibilidades de mejora porque se ha inaugurado el bombeo desde la desaladora de Fonsalía, que está en fase de pruebas, hasta el depósito de Lomo del Balo. Se va aportar un caudal pequeño, entre 2.500 y 2.300 metro cúbicos de agua, pero es un aporte interesante debido al invierno tan seco que hemos tenido. Así que cualquier aporte es importante” narra Tejera.

Esta situación no se da en el sur grancanario porque “las desaladoras que están en Maspalomas funcionan para el abasto de la zona turística, que consume una barbaridad de agua. También hay alguna más, pero son particulares, de algún conde”, detalla Ramírez.

Lo que desconcierta al agricultor es que el principal municipio turístico de la Isla no tenga depuradoras y deban recurrir a traerla de la capital, algo que, por otro lado, agradece a las instituciones que lo hacen posible porque gracias a eso pueden decir que nunca se quedan sin agua.

Ramírez ha visto como compañeros “han abandonado cultivos por falta de recursos hídricos" y desconoce cómo se podrían mitigar los efectos de una sequía: “¿Cómo se reduce el gasto de agua? “ se pregunta.

Aunque en Tenerife Tejera no conoce "casos de abandono" sí reconoce que la sequía tiene una incidencia en el cultivo de la papa de forma indirecta. "La escasez de agua favorece el desarrollo de las plagas y la polilla guatemalteca ha echado a perder el 50% de los cultivos de papa".

Apuesta de futuro

Ante la falta de lluvias no se puede hacer gran cosa en la agricultura más que esperar a que llegue una época más húmeda, ya que lo prioritario es el abastecimiento de la población y el turismo.

"Hay municipios en los que el uso de agua compite con el abasto urbano y el turismo. Y esto hace que sea necesario dotar a todas las áreas turísticas de agua desalada a coste competitivo y, en la medida en la que la población pueda tener acceso a otro tipo de suministro hídrico, entendemos que las zonas dedicadas a la agricultura también tendrán más disponibilidad", explica Tejera

Mientras tanto, Ramírez recomienda “hacer campañas de concienciación para que la población consuma el agua de forma responsable” o, sobre todo, que los políticos “no estén dando un paso adelante y luego, cuando llega otro, den un paso hacia atrás”.

Se refiere Ramírez al salto de la central de Chira con Soria: “El mayor problema es que tenemos todo el agua que queramos, pero la tenemos que desalar y aquí entra la política. Lo ideal sería el salto de Chira, sería la panacea para el sur de Gran Canaria, porque esto significaría tener dos desaladoras que estarían bombeando agua permanentemente”, pero, hasta que eso llegue, debe aguantar lo mejor que pueda.

"Este año es un desastre para el agro de Gran Canaria porque las infraestructuras son las que están", remarca Suárez (UPA), quien tiene claro que la apuesta de futuro debe ir enfocada a "las desaladoras y renovables" porque las primeras no pueden abastecer a territorios de las zonas altas "debido a su coste energético" y, si además hay sequía "el agua de las presas de esos espacios se traslada a las zonas costeras", lo que provoca que "las partes altas se quedan secas".

Las renovables "reducen ese coste energético y abaratan el traslado de un metro cúbico de agua de un sitio a otro", concluye Suárez.


          Siguiendo las huellas del cambio   

Son muchas las áreas en las que se tambalean las bases que nos han traído hasta aquí. La lectura puede ser optimista, para quien lo lee como parte necesaria de la evolución, o derrotista para los que se agarran a presupuestos que, y a la vista está para quien quiera mirar, quedan obsoletos. Los cambios no son fáciles ni todos estamos preparados para avanzar al mismo ritmo, pero la buena noticia es que cada vez son más quienes se suman al carro. Y, con emoción, al menos por mi parte, la imagen de cabezas cortadas y gritos al vacío va siendo relegada por las iniciativas a las que cada vez se suman más personas y empresas. No hablamos de un simple cambio de camisa, hablamos de cambios de paradigma que se están dando en nuestros días, como por ejemplo en el mundo de la psiquiatría, de la enseñanza, y en el que nos ocupa hoy en concreto en este reportaje, el de la ecología o medio ambiente. Todos ellos tienen en común la evidencia empírica de que hay bastante que modificar y actualizar, es un cambio bárbaro el que hace falta, pero como podemos ver, ya hemos echado a andar.

En las tres áreas señaladas son graves las consecuencias que estamos pagando, pacientes diagnosticados con patologías y medicados, hasta el punto de llegar a ser enfermos crónicos, cuando muchas veces son estados naturales y humanos, cierto que complejos, de los que se están beneficiando sólo las farmacéuticas, puesto que ya se sabe que podrían tratarse desde otra perspectiva. Más y más alumnos que amplían los índices de fracaso escolar por no entrar en los estrechos márgenes que impone el sistema o la irresponsabilidad social que supone, tanto a nivel particular como corporativo, las conductas comerciales y empresariales a las que nos hemos acostumbrado, dañinas y agresivas, tanto para el medio ambiente como para nosotros.

A este panorama, no demasiado alentador, llegan como agua fresca noticias como las que hemos registrado en este mes y otras que están por llegar. En mayo se celebraba la Feria de Ecología y Sostenibilidad en el espacio del Cabildo La Granja, en el municipio de Arucas. Por allí pasaron miles de personas que conocieron, participaron, compraron o al menos vieron y disfrutaron los más de noventa puestos destinados a promocionar sus productos. La variedad de manufacturas naturales, biológicas o ecológicas allí presentes abarcó desde la alimentación, el vestido, los cosméticos, las terapias alternativas e incluso se expusieron coches eléctricos y distintos proyectos que no asumen el fomento de la economía separado de la responsabilidad social y el bienestar de las personas. Todos ellos con un fin común, contribuir a una mejor calidad de vida y proporcionar bien estar. Tratan de abrirse paso en el mercado y compiten con productos a los que ya estamos acostumbrados pero que, más veces de las que nos gustaría, esconden una parte que muchos de nosotros preferiríamos casi ni saber.

Buscando la manera de sumar

El presidente del Cabildo de Gran Canaria, Antonio Morales, visitó la feria y declaró que cada vez hay más personas, cooperativas, grupos de consumo y vías de comercialización. Llamaron la atención los talleres de terapias alternativas y, además de los stands, las personas que asistieron buscando contactos y colaboración o información. Macu Aguilera gestiona la marca de productos ecológicos Poppy Olé, centrada hasta el momento en la producción de moringa, una planta poco conocida y tan útil en alimentación, agricultura y medicina que la han denominado como la planta de la vida. “Este año no me dio tiempo a preparar el stand y apuntarme, pero el año que viene aquí estaremos”.

Paula Díaz es una de las responsables de la empresa Eco Touristing, organizadores de Verode (Ver- Oir-Debatir), nombre del I Foro de Turismo Sostenible de Canarias. Un evento que tendrá lugar durante los días diez y once de octubre en el municipio de Agüimes. “Pretende ser un espacio de debate y reflexión sobre el modelo turístico de Canarias, ofrecer visibilidad a casos de éxito en las islas y fomentar la transferencia de buenas prácticas en el sector. Todo desde una perspectiva integral de la sostenibilidad, atendiendo a criterios medioambientales, socioculturales y económicos.” Así nos lo presenta Paula que, como Macu, también asiste a la feria con la intención de generar vínculos.

Hablamos con Alicia Mir, responsable del Trade Project en cuyo stand nos explica cómo surgió y en qué consiste su empresa. “Yo me dedico al marketing y lo que hice fue pensar en cómo, desde mi lado creativo, podía ayudar a los sectores más vulnerables. Decidí crear un proyecto de responsabilidad social empresarial y organizo actividades de voluntariados con las multinacionales. Un día al mes, llevamos a un grupo de trabajadores de estas grandes empresas a trabajar en huertos sociales y ecológicos, parcelas que dan los ayuntamientos a organizaciones o grupos en riesgo de exclusión social, además las empresas donan material necesario. Es evidente que hay personas que quieren ayudar y no saben cómo, entonces yo les pongo en contacto, les invito a que lo hagan. No sólo están ayudando a personas sino que están cuidando el medio ambiente”. Alicia lleva dos años de andadura con este proyecto y está encantada, pero reconoce que aún no se explica cómo, pese a que hay financiación, manos para ayudar por un lado y gente que necesita ayuda por otro, por temas administrativos y burocráticos muchas veces no se puede dar ese intercambio.

Entre los productos de la feria todos de comercio justo o ecológicos, también presenciamos productos de importación, sobre lo que nos explica Alicia: “Ahora mismo no hay un nivel de negocio que permita generar empresas que se dediquen a la fabricación y distribución de productos 100% ecológicos, salvando el sector agrario que ya está en marcha, por eso seguimos encontrando productos importados y seguimos en la evolución de lograr acercarnos cada vez más al concepto kilómetro 0 en el resto de productos. Pero si es cierto que nos permite ampliar la variedad y concienciar y educar para que haya más interés en general”.

Alicia se alegra de que empiecen a generarse este tipo de actividades y espera que el pulmón que están significando en la sociedad nos llene de aires nuevos y vitalice la circulación de este tipo de comercio más consciente y saludable. “El público canario está cada vez más abierto a lo ecológico y lo natural, en Barcelona, Madrid, Valencia y Sevilla se hacen ferias como esta y los que estamos interesados en cambiar hábitos de vida y hemos asistido, estamos muy contentos de que por fin se hagan aquí”.

Entre los asistentes se comenta que los precios de los productos que se ofertan no son precisamente baratos. Alicia explica que, al ser aún minoría y el trato diferente que requieren este tipo de productos comparados con los de gran producción hace difícil bajar los precios, pero asegura que ahorramos en enfermedades, gastos derivados y preocupaciones.

La psicóloga Inmaculada Jáuregui, que asistió a la Feria, nos ofrece un breve análisis. “A pesar de haber miles de personas, encuentro que en una ciudad como la de Las Palmas, a estas alturas podrían ser muchos más los interesados. Falta difusión mediática. Variedad si hay, aunque no son todos los que están, ni están todos los que son, considero que es positivo mostrar el auge de este tipo de productos pertenecientes a un mercado que pretende crear conciencia. Los talleres, las conferencias pretenden hacer ver al ciudadano la importancia de lo ecológico y de mirar el panorama de forma cíclica, de ahí la presencia de los productos de temporada. También hemos visto en los stands, que sí hay productos que cumplen con la teoría y otros que son importados, por lo que tienen que seguir vías de comercialización no alternativas. Esto ocurre también con productos que son manufacturados aquí pero los elementos con los que se hacen vienen de fuera. Hemos visto desde placas solares a ropa reciclada o hecha con textiles naturales, en general una comercialización de productos orientada a la salud, al autocuidado. Los talleres de bioenergética y los masajes estaban a tope, paradójicamente ha faltado quorum en las conferencias. Es un muestrario de un tipo de vida que se querría, orientado a lo lento, a la tranquilidad que ha surgido en respuesta al sistema fagotizador y destructivo que conocemos. La edad de los que estamos aquí es entre los cuarenta y sesenta años más o menos, y algunos pequeños que van con sus padres. El factor generacional está claro”.

Ahora falta saber si las administraciones están por la labor de apoyar estas iniciativas y facilitar, visibilizar y apoyar un sector en auge, que, por lo menos apunta a fomentar otro tipo de valores. Como decíamos antes, iniciativas no faltan, como la Semana Internacional de la Energía, cuya cita en Las Palmas de Gran Caria también ha sido este mes de junio. Organizado por el periódico digital energyHub.es y la asociación Fodes por la Semana han pasado más de cien ponentes abordando temas energéticos, posibilidades de autoconsumo, la energía fotovoltaica, maremotriz y demás aplicables en Canarias, la aplicación de energía sostenible en proyectos arquitectónicos, etc. Por primera vez, estas jornadas se han celebrado en cinco escenarios diferentes con conferencias y encuentros entorno a la energía sostenible. Además de en las dos islas capitalinas, Gran Canaria y Tenerife, también en La Palma, Fuerteventura y Lanzarote. Y ya en el mes de octubre, como citaba antes, el I Foro de Turismo Sostenible Verode en el auditorio de Agüímes. Por allí nos vemos, si comparten la idea de desarrollo sostenible; aquél que se logra sin perjudicar al medio ambiente y sin poner en riesgo las posibilidades de desarrollo de las generaciones futuras.


          Piso en Venta en Tarragona Capital   
55000
OCASIÓN INMEJORABLE: Piso en venta en la Urb. San Salvador de Tarragona, se trata de un piso de 73 M2 construidos, en una cuarta planta con ascensor y rampa de minusválidos . Se encuentra en buen estado y se distribuye en recibidor de entrada con...
3 habitaciones 1 baño 73 m² 753 €/m² cocina cocina equipada Descuento ascensor balcón apto para discapacitados
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 20:25:47 +0200
          Terreno en Venta en Santa Cruz de Tenerife Capital   
287000
Terreno con vistas al mar y situado en la urbanización denominada La Gallega. Aprovecha esta oportunidad y solicítanos más información sin ningún compromiso.
995 m² 288 €/m²
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 20:23:37 +0200
          Casa-Chalet en Venta en Málaga Capital   
420000
Chalet independiente en Urb. Puertosol, construido en una sola planta. Con 140m2 de vivienda y 800m2 de parcela, dispone de 4 baños (3 de ellos integrados en suites) y 4 habitaciones (1 de ellos independiente de la casa y con aseo propio...
4 habitaciones 4 baños 140 m² 3.000 €/m² cocina cocina equipada piscina chimenea
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 20:08:24 +0200
          Piso en Venta en Málaga Capital   
199000
~Málaga Capital, Puerta Blanca Calle Jalón, 122 m2, 4 habitaciones, 2 baños, aa, armarios, garaje, terraza, trastero, zona comunitaria, Patio, suite, Amueblado, Electrodomésticos, Lavadora, Nevera, Parking, TV, puerta blindada, lavadero, 199000...
4 habitaciones 2 baños 122 m² 1.631 €/m² amueblado lavadora cocina equipada frigorifico aparcamiento bien comunicado terraza televisor trastero
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 19:55:51 +0200
          Piso en Venta en Madrid Capital   
660000
Precioso piso en urb. El jardín de Bourguignon , junto a Arturo Soria, consta de 2 dormitorios y 2 baños, salón independiente con terraza, cocina amueblada con electrodomésticos y tendedero cubierto, resto de la casa sin amueblar. Magníficas...
2 habitaciones 2 baños 90 m² 7.333 €/m² cocina amueblado cocina equipada bañera jardín piscina terraza aire acondicionado trastero calefacción
Sat, 01 Jul 2017 19:21:01 +0200
          25 people shot at nightclub in Little Rock, Arkansas   
Police say 25 people were shot after gunfire rang out Saturday at a rap show at a downtown Little Rock nightclub, prompting pleas from top leaders to curb the growing violence in Arkansas' capital city.
          Ceasefire marks "last day of the war" for Colombia and FARC rebels   

The Colombian government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrilla group on Wednesday announced a bilateral ceasefire, negotiators in the Cuban capital Havana said, in what is a last step towards a peace accord expected for next month.


          Strong 8.3 Quake Shakes Chile, Some Tsunami Flooding Along Coast   

Direct link to article... [littlegreenfootballs.com]

SANTIAGO, Chile (AP) -- A powerful magnitude-8.3 earthquake hit off Chile's northern coast Wednesday night, causing buildings to sway in the capital of Santiago and bringing flooding from small tsunami waves in some shore towns.

Officials reported three deaths. There were no reports of serious damage hours after the quake, but officials were still checking the region late into the night.

Authorities had issued a tsunami alert for Chile's entire Pacific coast, and the tremor was so strong that people on the other side of the continent, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, reported feeling it.

Map from USGS

More: Strong Quake Shakes Chile, Some Tsunami Flooding Along Coast - SFGate


          Three apartment buildings open at Bonterra   
A division of Fort Lauderdale-based BBX Capital Corp. announced the completion of construction of three apartment buildings at the Atlis at Bonterra development in Hialeah. BBX Capital Real Estate entered a joint venture with The Altman Companies to develop 314 apartments on a 14-acre site in the master-planned Bonterra community in Hialeah. BBX Capital Real Estate also announced that the first residents have moved into apartments at Atlis at Bonterra. The average size of the ... [more]
          Video: Massive Surf at Maverick's in 2014   

Direct link to article... [littlegreenfootballs.com]

When people think of California, they think of palm trees. They think of convertibles and Coachella and the ever-winding Pacific Coast Highway. They think of 3-foot waves and one hell of a sunset. They think of everything that Mavericks is not.

Mavs might not be cliché California, but there is no denying that it's the king of the coast. The XXL beast showed some fang over the weekend on the first real day of the 2014-2015 big- wave season, and this video shows you everything you need to see in less time than it takes to remember what the actual capital of California is... it's Sacramento, by the way.

More: Video: Massive Surf at Maverick's in 2014


          Superviseur de l'Espace Découverte - Groupe Huot - Quebec   
L’univers de l’hélicoptère est maintenant accessible à tous! Doté d’installations avant-gardistes, le Complexe Capitale Hélicoptère vous fera vivre une
From Groupe Huot - Mon, 12 Jun 2017 19:06:04 GMT - View all Quebec jobs
          Spécialiste en implantation CRM - Groupe Huot - Quebec   
Coordonnateur CRM et gestion de la relation client Le Groupe Huot est un pilier solide du monde des affaires dans la région de la Capitale-Nationale et
From Groupe Huot - Fri, 09 Jun 2017 22:01:13 GMT - View all Quebec jobs
          Animateur - Groupe Huot - Quebec   
L’univers de l’hélicoptère est maintenant accessible à tous! Doté d’installations avant-gardistes, le Complexe Capitale Hélicoptère vous fera vivre une $12 an hour
From Groupe Huot - Wed, 31 May 2017 22:06:43 GMT - View all Quebec jobs
          Administrateur réseaux TI - Groupe Huot - Quebec   
Le Groupe Huot est un pilier solide du monde des affaires dans la région de la Capitale-Nationale et ailleurs au Québec. Le Groupe supervise notamment les $65,000 - $80,000 a year
From Groupe Huot - Wed, 31 May 2017 22:06:39 GMT - View all Quebec jobs
          BofA Investment a Windfall for Warren Buffett   
Billionaire Warren Buffett's company is exercising Bank of America Corp. warrants that will work out to a paper profit of $12 billion.

Buffett's firm, Berkshire Hathaway Inc., in 2011 invested $5 billion in the Charlotte, North Carolina-based financial institution.

At the time, BofA's shares were in danger of falling below $6 as investors worried about its ability to meet regulatory capital requirements.



          AZ or DZ Driver Level 2 - Walker's Capital Group - Deep River, ON   
Drivers, will typically act as the crew lead when providing moving services, unless other designations have been made by Operations Supervisor....
From Walker's Capital Group - Sun, 11 Jun 2017 17:24:23 GMT - View all Deep River, ON jobs
          DEMONSTRAÇÃO DOS FLUXOS DE CAIXA   
Caros leitores, o artigo 188 da Lei 6404, Leis das Sociedades Anônimas, estabelece:


As demonstrações referidas nos incisos IV e V do caput do art. 176 desta Lei indicarão, no mínimo: 



I - demonstração dos fluxos de caixa - as alterações ocorridas, durante o exercício, no saldo de caixa e equivalentes de caixa, segregando-se essas alterações em, no mínimo, 3 (três) fluxos:

a) das operações;
b) dos financiamentos;
c) dos investimentos.


Em decorrência da maioria das empresas apresentarem a Demonstração do Fluxo de Caixa pelo método indireto, nossos esclarecimentos têm por objetivo a apresentação da demonstração pelo referido método.

Inicialmente, é necessário esclarecer que o método indireto parte do Lucro ou Prejuízo Líquido antes do Imposto de Renda e CSLL, ajustado pela diminuição de parcelas correspondentes a receitas e despesas que não transitam pelo caixa e que não são do fluxo operacional, tais como: depreciação, juros, variação cambial, depreciação, resultado de equivalência patrimonial, ou quaisquer outras receitas e despesas que não sejam das operações normais da empresa.

A alínea "a" do Parágrafo 7.7 do Pronunciamento Técnico  PME - CPC, assim define o fluxo de caixa indireto:

"(a) o método indireto, segundo o qual o resultado é ajustado pelos efeitos das transações que não envolvem caixa, quaisquer diferimentos ou outros ajustes por competência sobre recebimentos ou pagamentos operacionais passados ou futuros, e itens de receita ou despesa associados com fluxos de caixa das atividades de investimento ou de financiamento."


Para melhor compreensão, partimos do Balanço, apresentando no Patrimônio Líquido o  Resultado do Exercício apurado antes do Imposto de Renda.






É de se observar que  há três colunas: 2013, 2014 e VAR., tanto no Ativo quanto no Passivo, permitindo que se visualize a variação em cada conta ou grupo de contas, conforme a necessidade.

A seguir, apresentamos a Demonstração do Resultado do Exercício com apuração antes do Imposto de Renda. É de se observar  que demonstramos  a partir da Receita Líquida, ou seja, as vendas menos os abatimentos e impostos incidentes sobre as vendas.



O Balanço, na forma acima apresentada, e Demonstração de Resultado, com apuração do resultado antes do Imposto de Renda e Contribuição Social sobre Lucro Líquido (CSLL), são os elementos necessários à elaboração da Demonstração do Fluxo de Caixa, que passamos a desenvolver a seguir.

Entretanto, para melhor entendimento, é necessário que se façam algumas considerações em relação às variações observadas nas contas constantes do Balanço.

1- A variação positiva no saldo das contas do ativo,  em relação ao exercício anterior, significa aumento, por conseguinte, saída de caixa ou equivalentes.

2 - De forma contrária, ou seja, havendo variação negativa, significa redução pelo recebimento de contas a receber, ou venda de algum ativo, significando entrada de caixa.

3 - A variação negativa no saldo das contas do Passivo, em relação ao exercício anterior, significa diminuição do passivo pelo pagamento dos financiamentos, com correspondente saída de caixa.

4 - A variação positiva na contas do passivo significa aumento de financiamento, com correspondente entrada de recursos em caixa ou equivalentes.

5 - Considera-se equivalentes de caixa as aplicações de curto prazo, de alta liquidez, que são mantidas com a finalidade de atender a compromissos de caixa de curto prazo e não investimento ou outros fins.

Com essas considerações, vamos apurar os três fluxos de caixa previstos na Lei 6404.


FLUXO DAS OPERAÇÕES

Na apuração do fluxo das operações se  parte do resultado apurado antes da dedução do Imposto de Renda, transcrito da Demonstração do Resultado,  acima apresentada, no valor de R$3.800,00.

 A seguir, ajustamos o valor, acrescentando os valores das despesas que não passam pelo caixa, e as despesas de outros fluxos que têm apuração distinta.

No caso, temos os seguintes ajustes:

Despesa de depreciação observada no Balanço Patrimonial, cuja variação importa em R$200,00, admitindo-se que não houve lançamento de baixa nessa conta;

Despesa Financeira Líquida, apurada pela despesa financeira menos a receita da mesma espécie, tendo como resultado líquido R$100,00, conforme apurado na Demonstração do Resultado. 

Assim, o Resultado Ajustado corresponde a: (3.800,00+200,00+100,00) = R$4.100,00, conforme o quadro a seguir.




Agora, apuramos as variações do ativo, resultante das operações da empresa:

Contas a Receber, variação positiva de R$300,00, que significa aumento de recursos aplicados nessa rubrica.

Estoque, variação positiva de R$200,00, com respectiva utilização de recursos financeiros.

No Passivo, observamos variação negativa de Fornecedores e salários, o que significa pagamento de fornecedores, com utilização de recursos financeiros, no valor de R$200,00, conforme se pode observar na coluna VAR do Balanço retro apresentado. 

Partindo-se do resultado ajustado, aumentado e diminuído pelas variações das contas apresentadas no Balanço relativas às operações da empresa, obtém-se o Fluxo das Operações apresentado no quadro acima, que resulta em fluxo operacional de R$3.400,00.


FLUXO DOS INVESTIMENTOS

Como o nome já diz, trata-se de fluxo de investimentos, tanto recebidos como aplicados, inclusive, os rendimentos decorrentes.

O Parágrafo 7.5. do Pronunciamento Técnico do CPC assim define as Atividades de Investimento:

"Atividades de Investimento são a aquisição ou alienação de ativo de longo prazo e outros investimentos não incluídos em equivalentes de caixa." 



Os valores apurados são apresentados na coluna variação o Balanço Patrimonial, da seguinte forma:

1- Investimento permanente relativo a compra de cotas de empresa coligada, no valor de R$200, resultando em saída de caixa e equivalentes no mesmo valor;

2 - Aquisição de máquinas e equipamentos, no valor de R$5.000,00, resultando em saída de caixa e equivalentes em valore correspondente;

3 - Compra de softwar, com saída de caixa no valor de R$100,00;

4 - Venda de veículo ao preço de R$2.800,00;

5- Juros recebidos, no valor de R$200,00, conforme Demonstração de Resultado acima apresentada. Tal valor corresponde ao retorno sobre o investimento, conforme previsto no parágrafo 7.15 do Pronunciamento Técnico - PME  do CPC, que se transcreve:

"7.15 A entidade pode classificar os juros pagos e dividendos  e outras distribuições de lucro recebidos como fluxo de caixa operacionais poque eles estão incluídos no resultado. Alternativamente, a entidade pode classificar os juros pagos e os juros e dividendos  e outras distribuição de lucros recebidos como fluxo de caixa de financiamento e fluxos de caixa de investimento respectivamente, porque são custos de obtenção de recursos financeiros ou retorno sobre investimentos."

6 - Fluxo de investimento, na forma acima apresentada, importa em: (-200-5000-100+2800+200) = - 2.300,00.


FLUXO DE FINANCIAMENTO

O Parágrafo 7.6 do Pronunciamento Técnico do CPC assim define as Atividades de Financiamento:

"As atividades de financiamento são as atividades que resultam das alterações no tamanho e na composição do patrimônio líquido e dos empréstimos da entidade."

Com base no Balanço Patrimonial e Demonstração de Resultado, apuramos o fluxo de financiamento.



O fluxo é composto pelas parcelas que passamos a comentar:

1 - Subscrição de novas ações, resultando em entrada de recurso no valor de R$1.300,00, conforme variação observada no capital subscrito.

2 - Redução do Financiamento a longo prazo, no valor de R$900,00, refletido na variação negativa  da referida conta. 

3 - Juros pagos, representando saída de caixa, no valor de R$300,00, conforme Demonstração de Resultado.

4 - O fluxo líquido de financiamento importa em: (1.300-900-300)=100.


SOMA DOS FLUXOS


Considerando os fluxos das atividades retro analisados, o fluxo líquido corresponde à variação observada no caixa e equivalentes no período: (3.400-2.300+100) = 1.200.



Conforme pode ser observado, o saldo no início do exercício era 300; ao final do período era de 1.500. A variação corresponde a (1.500-300) = 1.200.

O quadro comprova estar correta a Demonstração do Fluxo de Caixa ( e equivalentes) apurada.

A Demonstração do Fluxo de Caixa, retro analisada, é apresentada no quadro a seguir, a qual deverá ser apurada pelas empresas em geral e, cuja publicação é obrigatória para as sociedades anônimas.





Caros leitores até a próxima.


Em caso de dúvida, entre em contato. Terei o máximo prazer em atender.



          DEMONSTRAÇÃO DO RESULTADO DO EXERCÍCIO   

Demonstração de Resultado é a apuração do lucro ou prejuízo, conforme a situação econômica da empresa, observando normas para a apuração, inclusive, no que diz respeito  a apresentação, conforme estabelece  a Lei nº 6404, Lei da Sociedades Anônimas.


Art.187 - A demonstração do resultado do exercício discriminará:



I - a receita bruta da vendas e serviços, as deduções das vendas, os abatimentos e os impostos;

Assim, conforme inciso I, a demonstração tem início com a receita bruta das vendas e serviços. A seguir, deduzem-se os abatimentos e os impostos diretos sobre as vendas e serviços, obtendo-se a receita líquida, conforme se demonstra no quadro.

No quadro apresentamos as receitas: de produtos vendidos, da venda de mercadorias e de serviços, considerando que a mesma demonstração se aplica à indústria, ao comércio e aos serviços.

Os abatimentos podem ser: abatimento em razão de avaria das mercadorias; mercadorias devolvidas etc.

Os impostos podem ser: IPI, ICMS, ISS, ou qualquer outro imposto sobre as vendas ou serviços.


A Receita Líquida é o resultado das receitas menos as deduções das vendas: Abatimentos e Impostos incidentes.


Na forma do inciso II do artigo 187, após apurada a Receita Líquida, são apresentados: 

- os custos dos produtos vendidos,
- os custos das mercadorias vendidas;
- os custos dos serviços vendidos.

O Lucro Bruto é o saldo da Receita Líquida menos os custos: dos produtos, das mercadorias e dos serviços.

O inciso II do artigo 187 apresenta:

"II - a receita líquida das vendas e serviços, o custos das mercadorias e serviços vendidos e o lucro bruto;"



A seguir são demonstradas, as despesas com vendas, ou seja, despesas do departamento comercial: salários, comissões, propaganda etc,


¨III - as despesas com as vendas, as despesas financeiras;¨

A Despesa Financeira Líquida é a soma algébrica das despesas financeiras e receitas financeiras,  ou seja, das despesas menos as receitas financeiras. 

Conforme CPC, a despesas e receitas financeiras devem ser apresentada após outras despesas operacionais e antes do Imposto de Renda, conforme alínea "g" do parágrafo 5.7 do Pronunciamento do CPC -PME. Tal colocação na ordem da apresentação tem por objetivo demonstrar de forma, mais evidente, a Despesa Financeira Líquida e melhor demonstrar o resultado operacional da empresa.

Na demonstração são incluídas as despesas gerais e administrativas, observadas na maioria das empresas e previstas na alínea "d" do parágrafo 5.7 do Pronunciamento do CPC -PME.

O Lucro Bruto  menos: Despesa com Vendas; Despesa Gerais e Administrativas; Outras Despesas e Receitas, apura-se o Lucro ou Prejuízo operacional.




Conforme se observa no inciso IV do artigo 187, que se transcreve:

¨IV - o lucro ou prejuízo operacional, as outras receitas e as outras despesas;¨


Conforme Inciso IV, devem ser apresentas, ainda, outras receitas e outras despesas após apuração do Lucro ou Prejuízo Operacional, pelo que se entende por receitas e despesas não inclusas nas despesas acima mencionadas.

As outras receitas e despesas são decorrentes de transações que não refletem a atividade principal da empresa. Por exemplo: realização de ativo imobilizado, resultado de avaliação por equivalência patrimonial etc.

Os incisos seguintes do artigo 187 da Lei 6404, também devem ser demonstrados:

V - o resultado do exercício antes do imposto de renda e a provisão  para o imposto;


VI - as participações de debêntures, empregados, administradores e partes beneficiárias, mesmo na forma de instrumentos financeiros, e de instituições ou fundos de assistência ou previdência de empregados, que não se caracterizem como despesas;

VII -o lucro ou prejuízo líquido do exercício e o seu montante por ação do capital social;

Em decorrência do exposto,  de acordo com a Lei 6404, a Demonstração do Resultado deve ser apresentada da seguinte forma:








Ressalte-se ainda, o parágrafo 1º do artigo 187, da Lei 6404, apresenta o que se transcreve:

Na determinação do resultado do exercício serão computados:

a) as receitas e os rendimentos ganhos no período, independentemente da sua realização em moeda; e

b) os custos, despesas, encargos e perdas, pagos ou incorridos, correspondentes a essas receitas e rendimentos.


Caros amigos até a próxima, com as demais demonstrações exigidas pela Lei 6404.





          BALANÇO PATRIMONIAL   

O Balanço Patrimonial é a demonstração dos valores que compõe o Patrimônio (Ativo e Passivo). Apresenta ainda, os valores relativos aos investimentos dos cotistas e acionistas, chamado Patrimônio Líquido,  que corresponde à diferença do Ativo menos o Passivo, ou seja, os bens e direitos menos as obrigações.


O Balanço Patrimonial pode ser representado pelo quadro acima apresentado.


Para melhor explicar, apresentamos o mesmo quadro, porém, considerando valores, onde se pode observar que o Ativo corresponde à soma do Passivo mais o Patrimônio Líquido.





Como o nome sugere, é um balanço entre as contas do Ativo e a soma do Passivo mais o Patrimônio Líquido, que totaliza (1.500.000+500.000) = 2.000.000, o mesmo valor do Ativo.



O Pronunciamento Técnico PME do CPC assim define o Patrimônio Líquido:


"2.22 - Patrimônio líquido é o resíduo dos ativos reconhecidos menos os passivos reconhecidos. Ele pode ter subclassificações no balanço patrimonial. Por exemplo, as subclassificações  podem incluir capital integralizado por acionistas ou sócios, lucros retidos e ganhos ou perdas reconhecidos diretamente no patrimônio líquido."


Como já devem ter percebido, o Balanço é apresentado com várias subclassificações, que têm por objetivo permitir uma visualização da composição do Ativo, do Passivo e do Patrimônio Líquido, possibilitando observar as condições existentes  para  cumprir suas obrigações, ou seja, pagar os credores, bem como, avaliar a rentabilidade da empresa.


O Ativo é subdividido em Ativo Circulante  e Ativo Não Circulante.

O Passivo é subdividido em Passivo Circulante e Passivo Não Circulante.



O Pronunciamento Técnico PME do CPC assim se manifesta em relação à distinção entre Circulante e Não Circulante:


"4.4 - A entidade deve apresentar ativos circulantes e não circulantes, e passivos circulantes e não circulantes, como grupo de contas separados no balanço patrimonial, de acordo como os itens 4.5 a 4.8, exceto quando uma apresentação baseada na liquidez proporcionar informação confiável  e mais relevante.


Quando essa exceção  se aplicar, todos os ativos e passivos devem ser apresentados por ordem de liquidez (ascendente ou descendente), obedecida a legislação vigente." (grifo nosso)


São classificados como Ativo Circulante, conforme item 4.5 do Pronunciamento Técnico do  CPC - PME, os bens e direitos que atendam às seguintes premissas, quando:

a) espera realizar o ativo, ou pretender vendê-lo ou consumi-lo durante o ciclo operacional normal da entidade;


b) o ativo for mantido essencialmente com a finalidade de negociação;


c) esperar realizar o ativo no período de até doze meses após a data das demonstrações contábeis; ou



d) o ativo for caixa ou equivalente de caixa, a menos que sua troca ou uso para liquidação de passivo seja     restrita durante pelo menos doze meses após a data das demonstrações contábeis.

CONCLUINDO: 


Pelo exposto, regra geral, caixa, banco, todas as contas a receber, títulos e aplicações financeiras a serem resgatados até ao final do período de 12 meses, e estoque de mercadorias, matérias primas, ou produtos em processo são classificados no Ativo Circulante.

O item 4.6 do CPC-PME apresenta:

4.6 - A entidade deve classificar todos os outros ativos como não circulantes. Quando o ciclo operacional normal da entidade não for claramente identificável, presume-se que sua duração seja de doze meses.


É de se observar, o inciso I do artigo 179 da Lei 6404, apresenta as mesmas determinações:

Art. 179. As contas serão classificadas do seguinte modo:


"I- no ativo circulante: as disponibilidades, os direitos realizáveis no curso do exercício social subsequente e as aplicações  de recurso em despesas do exercício seguinte."


Em decorrência do exposto, o Ativo Circulante  deve ser apresentado da seguinte forma:

O inciso II do Art. 179, estabelece:


"II - No ativo realizável a longo prazo: os direitos realizáveis após o término do exercício seguinte, assim como os derivados de vendas, adiantamentos ou empréstimos a sociedades coligadas ou controladas (art.243), diretores, acionistas ou participantes no lucro da companhia, que não constituírem negócios usuais na exploração do objeto da companhia."  

Considerando o Art. 179, no Ativo Não Circulante se classificam, entre outras, as contas:



O Art. 180 da Lei 6404 apresenta o que se transcreve:


"Art. 180 - As obrigações da companhia, inclusive financiamentos para aquisição de direitos do ativo não-circulante, serão classificados no passivo circulante, quando se vencerem no exercício seguinte, e no passivo não circulante, se tiverem vencimento em prazo maior, observado o disposto no parágrafo único do art. 179."

O Parágrafo Único do art. 179 apresenta:



"Paragrafo Único - Na companhia em que o ciclo operacional da empresa tiver duração maior que o exercício social, a classificação no circulante ou longo prazo terá por base o prazo desse ciclo.


Assim, considerando o exposto, podemos classificar no passivo circulante as seguintes contas:



No Passivo Não Circulante serão classificadas as obrigações que tiverem vencimento com prazo maior do que o ciclo operacional seguinte, ou seja, após o exercício seguinte, para as empresas que encerram seus balanços em 31 de dezembro de cada ano:


Quanto ao Patrimônio Líquido, o inciso III, do §2º do Art. 178, da Lei 6404, apresenta o que se transcreve:



"III - Patrimônio Líquido, dividido em capital social, reservas de capital, ajustes de avaliação patrimonial, reservas de lucros, ações em tesouraria e prejuízos acumulados."

 O artigo 182 da Lei 6404 estabelece:



"Art. 182 - A conta do capital social discriminará o montante subscrito e por dedução, a parcela ainda não realizada.


§ 1º - Serão classificados como reservas de capital as contas que registrarem:


a) a contribuição do subscritor de ações que ultrapassar o valor nominal e a parte do preço de emissão das ações, sem valor nominal, que ultrapassar a importância destinada à formação do capital social, inclusive nos casos de conversão em ações de debêntures ou partes beneficiárias;

b) o produto da alienação de partes beneficiárias e bônus de subscrição;


§ 2º Será ainda registrado como reserva de capital o resultado da correção monetária do capital realizado, enquanto não capitalizado. 


§ 3º Serão classificadas como ajuste de avaliação patrimonial, enquanto não computado  no resultado do exercício em obediência ao regime de competência, as contrapartidas  de aumentos ou diminuição  de valor atribuídos a elementos do ativo e do passivo, em decorrência da sua avaliação a valor justo, nos casos previstos nesta Lei ou, em normas expedidas pela Comissão de Valores Mobiliários, com base na competência conferida pelo §3º do art. 177.


§ 4º Serão classificadas como reservas de lucros as contas constituídas pela apropriação de lucros da companhia;


§ 5º As ações em tesouraria deverão ser destacadas no balanço como dedução da conta do patrimônio líquido que registrar a origem dos recursos aplicados na sua aquisição."

Em decorrência do exposto, com base na Lei 6404, o Patrimônio líquido  é assim constituído:

   

Como se pode observar, há no Patrimônio Líquido, cuja natureza é credora, contas subtrativas, cujo saldo devedor representa diminuição do Patrimônio Líquido, são elas: Capital a Integralizar e Ações em Tesouraria e Prejuízos Acumulados, assinaladas com (-).


Para melhor entendimento, apresentamos o Balanço com as contas classificadas na forma da Lei 6404, já ajustada aos padrões internacionais.





Além das contas subtrativas apresentadas no Patrimônio Líquido, há contas subtrativas, que embora não sejam demonstradas no Balanço, reduzem as contas do Ativo. Por exemplo: provisão para devedores duvidosos e depreciação dos bens do Imobilizado.

No caso da Provisão Para Devedores Duvidosos,  que representa a previsão de perda nos valores a receber, o valor é lançado a crédito, diminuindo, assim, o valor das Contas a Receber, conforme se demonstra no exemplo:


Contas a Receber de clientes       (d)   100.000,00

Provisão para Dev. Duvidosos       (c)       3.000,00
Contas a Receber(líquida)           (d)     97.000,00                                                                          
OUTRAS DEMONSTRAÇÕES

Além do Balanço, a Lei nº 6404, das Sociedades Anônimas, prevê a elaboração de mais quatro demonstrações, a saber: Demonstração dos Lucros ou Prejuízos Acumulados,  Demonstração de Resultado, Fluxo de Caixa  e do Valor Adicionado, esta última exigida para as companhias abertas, as quais serão objeto de nossa próxima postagem.

Em caso de dúvida, entre em contato pelo e-mail: pires.antoniocarlos@gmail.com.


Até a próxima, com a Demonstração de Resultado.
          SIMPLES NACIONAL - LUCRO PRESUMIDO - LUCRO REAL - CONTRIBUIÇÃO SOCIAL SOBRE LUCRO    


Simples Nacional, Lucro Presumido e Lucro Real são formas de tributação do Imposto de Renda da Pessoa Jurídica, cuja opção deve ser exercida no inicio de cada ano, ou no início das atividades da empresa. 

A Contribuição Social Sobre o Lucro Líquido – CSLL foi instituída para o financiamento da seguridade social.

A opção certa resulta em benefícios e menor tributação.

Para se saber qual a forma mais benéfica deve ser elaborado o orçamento da empresa que permita obter informações para simulações do Imposto de Renda, observando a legislação tributária. 

Recomendamos cautela na observação dos tetos de receita bruta, mês a mês, durante o ano fiscal, com alteração obrigatória da forma de tributação, no caso de tributação pelo SIMPLES ou Lucro Presumido, conforme pode ser observado a seguir:




Neste post vamos apresentar as três formas de tributação, com base nas informações transcritas do site da Receita Federal, cujo objetivo é permitir que o estudante e o empresário possam ter uma visão sobre a tributação do Imposto de Renda da Pessoa Jurídica, evitando, que, por desconhecimento, tomem decisões que se transformem em grandes problemas.

SIMPLES NACIONAL

O SIMPLES NACIONAL é um regime de tratamento tributário diferenciado favorecido, que, regra geral, tem como base de tributação a receita bruta, com pagamentos mensais de impostos de forma simplificada, em um único DARF, observando alíquotas por faixa de faturamento, conforme estabelece a Lei Complementar nº 123 de 14.12.2006 e seus anexos.

No SIMPLES as alíquotas são progressivas, proporcionais à receita bruta.

O Simples é forma de tributação das ME - Microempresas, EPP- Empresas de Pequeno Porte inscritas no Simples Nacional, com simplificação de apuração e pagamento mensal de impostos, com base na receita bruta e tabelas de alíquotas progressivas de acordo com a atividade desenvolvida e a receita bruta, bem como outras vantagens, das quais destacamos as seguintes:

1) Instalação da empresa com alvará concedido pelos Municípios, para atividades que não sejam de alto risco, em áreas desprovidas de regulação fundiária legal ou com regulamentação precária; ou, na residência do microempreendor individual, titular ou sócio da micro empresa ou empresa da pequeno porte, na forma do Parágrafo Único do Art. 7º da Lei 123;

2) A inscrição no Simples Nacional com recolhimento mensal em documento único de arrecadação dos seguintes impostos e contribuições:

I - Imposto sobre a Renda da Pessoa Jurídica - IRPJ;

II - Imposto sobre Produtos Industrializados - IPI;

III - Contribuição Social sobre o Lucro Líquido - CSLL;

IV - Contribuição para o Financiamento da Seguridade Social - COFINS;

V - Contribuição para o PIS/PASEP;

VI - Contribuição Patronal Previdenciária - CPP;

VII - Imposto sobre Operações Relativas à Circulação de Mercadorias e Sobre
       Prestações de Serviços de Transporte Interestadual e Intermunicipal e de
       Comunicação - ICMS;

                   VIII - Imposto sobre Serviços de Qualquer Natureza - ISS.


2 - As ME - Microempresas, EPP- Empresas de Pequeno Porte e MEI-Micro Empreendedor Individual estão dispensadas de apresentar a Declaração de Débitos e Créditos Tributários Federais (DCTF),  na forma do art. 3º da Instrução Normativa RFB nº 1.110,  de 24 de dezembro de 2010;

3 - Na forma do inciso I, do art. 5 º da I.N. RFB nº 1252, de 01.03.2012, as Micro Empresas e Empresas de Pequeno Porte estão dispensadas de apresentar a Escrituração Fiscal Digital da Contribuição para o PIS/Pasep, da Contribuição para o Financiamento da Seguridade Social (Cofins) e da Contribuição Previdenciária sobre a Receita (EFD-Contribuições);

4-Também estão dispensadas da apresentação do DACON - Demonstrativo de Apuração de Contribuições Sociais.

Vale ressaltar, as empresas inscritas no Simples, devem apurar e recolher, a aparte, os impostos não inclusos nos incisos de I a VIII, acima, conforme previsto no Parágrafo 1º do Art. 13 da referida Lei, dos quais destacamos:

I - Imposto sobre Operações de Crédito, Câmbio e Seguro, ou Relativas a Títulos
    ou Valores Mobiliários - IOF;

II - Imposto sobre a Importação de Produtos Estrangeiros;

III - Imposto sobre a Exportação, para o Exterior, de Produtos Nacionais ou
     Nacionalizados -IE;

IV - Imposto sobre a Propriedade Territorial Rural - ITR;

V - Imposto de Renda, relativo aos rendimentos ou ganhos líquidos auferidos em
     aplicações de renda fixa ou variável;

VI - Imposto de Renda relativo aos ganhos de capital auferidos na alienação de
       bens do ativo permanente;

VII - Contribuição Provisória sobre Movimentação ou Transmissão de Valores e de
        Créditos e Direitos de Natureza Financeira - CPMF;

 VIII - Contribuição para o Fundo de Garantia do Tempo de Serviço - FGTS;

 IX - Contribuição para manutenção da Seguridade Social, relativa ao trabalhador;

 X -  Contribuição para a Seguridade Social, relativa à pessoa do empresário, na
        qualidade de contribuinte individual;

XI - Imposto de Renda relativo aos pagamentos ou créditos efetuados pela pessoa
       jurídica a pessoas físicas;

XII - Contribuição para o PIS/PASEP, COFINS e IPI incidentes na importação de
       bens e serviços;

XIII - ICMS devido:
         a) nas operações ou prestações sujeitas ao regime de substituição tributária;
         b) por terceiro, a que o contribuinte se ache obrigado, por força da legislação
            estadual ou distrital vigente; 

        c) na entrada, no território do Estado ou do Distrito Federal, de petróleo,
            inclusive lubrificantes e combustíveis líquidos e gasosos dele derivados, 
            bem como energia elétrica, quando não destinados à comercialização ou 
            industrialização; 

         d) por ocasião do desembaraço aduaneiro; 

         e) na aquisição ou manutenção em estoque de mercadoria desacobertada de
             documento fiscal; 

          f) na operação ou prestação desacobertada de documento fiscal;

         g) nas operações com bens ou mercadorias sujeitas ao regime de
             antecipação do recolhimento do imposto, nas aquisições em outros
             Estados e Distrito Federal:

                               1. com encerramento da tributação, observado o disposto no inciso IV do
               § 4º do  art. 18 desta Lei Complementar;

           2. sem encerramento da tributação, hipótese em que será cobrada a
               diferença entre a alíquota interna e a interestadual, sendo vedada
               a agregação de qualquer valor; 

        h) nas aquisições em outros Estados e no Distrito Federal de bens ou
            mercadorias, não sujeitas ao regime de antecipação do recolhimento do
            imposto, relativo à diferença entre a alíquota interna e a interestadual; 

XIV - ISS devido:

          a) em relação aos serviços sujeitos à substituição tributária ou retenção na
              fonte; 

          b) na importação de serviços; 

XV - demais tributos de competência da União, dos Estados, do Distrito Federal
        ou dos Municípios, não relacionados nos incisos anteriores.

§ 2º Observada a legislação aplicável, a incidência do imposto de renda na fonte, na hipótese do inciso V do § 1º deste artigo, será definitiva.

§ 3º As microempresas e empresas de pequeno porte optantes pelo Simples Nacional ficam dispensadas do pagamento das demais contribuições instituídas pela União, inclusive as contribuições para as entidades privadas de serviço social e de formação profissional vinculadas ao sistema sindical, de que trata o art. 240 da Constituição Federal, e demais entidades de serviço social autônomo.

§ 5º A diferença entre a alíquota interna e a interestadual de que tratam as alíneas g e h do inciso XIII do § 1º deste artigo será calculada tomando-se por base as alíquotas aplicáveis às pessoas jurídicas não optantes pelo Simples Nacional.


Para melhor entendimento, sugerimos a leitura do post "MICRO EMPRESA - ME E EMPRESA DE PEQUENO PORTE - EPP", neste blog, que apresenta, inclusive, uma tabela para atividade comercial. 


TRIBUTAÇÃO COM BASE NO LUCRO PRESUMIDO

O imposto de renda com base no lucro presumido é determinado por períodos de apuração trimestrais, encerrados em 31 de março, 30 de junho, 30 de setembro e 31 de dezembro de cada ano-calendário (Lei n º 9.430, de 1996, arts. 1 º e 25; RIR/1999, art. 516, § 5 º )

Do site da Receita Federal transcrevemos: 

Via de regra, a opção é manifestada com o pagamento da primeira quota ou quota única do imposto devido correspondente ao primeiro período de apuração, sendo considerada definitiva para todo o ano-calendário (RIR/1999, art. 516, §§ 1 e 4 ).

As pessoas jurídicas que tenham iniciado suas atividades ou que resultarem de incorporação, fusão ou cisão, ocorrida a partir do segundo trimestre do ano-calendário, poderão manifestar a sua opção por meio do pagamento da primeira ou única quota relativa ao trimestre de apuração correspondente ao início de atividade (RIR/1999, art. 517).

Podem optar as pessoas jurídicas:

a) cuja receita bruta total tenha sido igual ou inferior a R$48.000.000,00 (quarenta e oito milhões de reais), no ano-calendário anterior, ou a R$4.000.000,00 (quatro milhões de reais) multiplicado pelo número de meses em atividade no ano-calendário anterior (Lei n º 10.637, de 2002, art. 46); e

              b) que não estejam obrigadas à tributação pelo lucro real em função da atividade exercida ou da sua constituição societária ou natureza jurídica.

NOTAS:

Considera-se receita bruta total a receita bruta de vendas somada aos ganhos de capital e às demais receitas e resultados positivos decorrentes de receitas não compreendidas na atividade.
Durante o período em que estiverem submetidas ao Programa de Recuperação Fiscal (Refis), as pessoas jurídicas obrigadas ao lucro real, exceto Instituições Financeiras (inclusive as equiparadas e as factoring ), poderão optar pelo lucro presumido (Lei n o 9.718, de 1998, art. 14, inciso II; e Lei n o 9.964, de 2000, art. 4 o ).
A partir de 01/01/2001, as sociedades em conta de participação (SCP) ficaram autorizadas a optar pelo lucro presumido, exceto aquelas com atividades imobiliárias, enquanto mantiverem registro de custo orçado (IN SRF nº 31, de 2001).

A opção pelo lucro presumido deverá ter sido informada na DCTF.
Para efeito da verificação do limite, considera-se como receita bruta total o produto da venda de bens nas operações de conta própria, o preço dos serviços prestados e o resultado auferido nas operações de conta alheia, acrescidos das demais receitas, tais como, rendimentos de aplicações financeiras (renda fixa e variável), receita de locação de imóveis, descontos ativos, variações monetárias ativas, juros recebidos como remuneração do capital próprio etc. e dos ganhos de capital (RIR/1999, arts. 518, 519 e 521).

                 Na receita bruta se inclui o ICMS e deverão ser excluídas as vendas canceladas, os descontos incondicionais concedidos e os impostos não cumulativos cobrados destacadamente do comprador, dos quais o vendedor ou prestador é mero depositário (exemplo: IPI) (RIR/1999, art. 224, parágrafo único, e o art. 519).

               Tendo em vista que o limite para opção pelo lucro presumido verificado em relação à receita bruta total do ano-calendário anterior. Quando a pessoa jurídica ultrapassar o limite legal em algum período de apuração dentro do próprio ano-calendário, tal fato não implica necessariamente mudança do regime de tributação, podendo continuar sendo tributada com base no lucro presumido dentro deste mesmo ano. Contudo, automaticamente, estará obrigada à apuração do lucro real no ano-calendário subsequente, independentemente do valor da receita bruta que for auferida naquele ano. Daí por diante, para que a pessoa jurídica possa retornar à opção pelo lucro presumido deverá observar as regras gerais aplicáveis à espécie.

             As pessoas jurídicas que, por determinação legal (Lei n º 9.718, de 1998, art. 14; e RIR/1999, art. 246), estão obrigadas à apuração do lucro real, são:

            a) Pessoas jurídicas cujas atividades sejam de bancos comerciais, bancos de investimentos, bancos de desenvolvimento, caixas econômicas, sociedades de crédito, financiamento e investimento, sociedades de crédito imobiliário, sociedades corretoras de títulos e valores mobiliários, empresas de arrendamento mercantil, cooperativas de crédito, empresas de seguro privado e de capitalização e entidades de previdência privada aberta;
b) Pessoas jurídicas que tiverem lucros, rendimentos ou ganhos de capital oriundos do exterior;
c) Pessoas jurídicas que, autorizadas pela legislação tributária, queiram usufruir de benefícios fiscais relativos à isenção ou redução do imposto de renda;
d)  Pessoas jurídicas que, no decorrer do ano-calendário, tenham efetuado o recolhimento mensal com base em estimativa; 
e) pessoas jurídicas que explorem as atividades de prestação cumulativa e contínua de serviços de assessoria creditícia, mercadológica, gestão de crédito, seleção e riscos, administração de contas a pagar e a receber, compras de direitos creditórios resultantes de vendas mercantis a prazo ou de prestação de serviços ( factoring ).
Observação: o recolhimento mensal com base em estimativa é pagamento mensal da tributação pelo Lucro Real, não se confundido com a tributação pelo lucro Presumido.

NOTAS:
1) A obrigatoriedade a que se refere o item "b" acima não se aplica à pessoa jurídica que auferir receita de exportação de mercadorias e da prestação direta de serviços no exterior. Não se considera direta a prestação de serviços realizada no exterior por intermédio de filiais, sucursais, agências, representações, coligadas, controladas e outras unidades descentralizadas da pessoa jurídica que lhes sejam assemelhadas (ADI SRF n º 5, de 2001).
2) A pessoa jurídica que houver pago o imposto com base no lucro presumido e que, em relação ao mesmo ano-calendário, incorrer em situação de obrigatoriedade de apuração pelo lucro real por ter auferido lucros, rendimentos ou ganhos de capital oriundos do exterior, deverá apurar o IRPJ e a CSLL sob o regime de apuração pelo lucro real trimestral a partir, inclusive, do trimestre da ocorrência do fato (ADI SRF n º 5, de 2001).
3)Os percentuais a serem aplicados na apuração do lucro presumido, conforme  site da Receita Federal, são:



ALÍQUOTA DO IMPOSTO DE RENDA

As pessoas jurídicas e as pessoas físicas a elas equiparadas, domiciliadas no País, devem apurar o IRPJ com base no lucro, que pode ser real, presumido ou arbitrado. A alíquota do IRPJ é de 15% (quinze por cento) sobre o lucro apurado, com adicional de 10% sobre a parcela do lucro que exceder R$ 20.000,00 / mês.

Adicional:
A parcela do lucro real que exceder ao resultado da multiplicação de R$20.000,00 (vinte mil reais) pelo número dos meses do respectivo período de apuração sujeita-se à incidência do adicional, à alíquota de 10% (dez por cento). Também se encontra sujeita ao adicional a parcela da base de cálculo estimada mensal, no caso das pessoas jurídicas que optaram pela apuração do imposto de renda sobre o lucro real anual, presumido ou arbitrado, que exceder a R$ 20.000,00 (vinte mil reais).
Em relação às pessoas jurídicas que optarem pela apuração do lucro presumido ou arbitrado, o adicional incide sobre a parcela que exceder o valor resultante da multiplicação de R$ 20.000,00 (vinte mil reais) pelo número de meses do respectivo período de apuração.
A alíquota do adicional é única para todas as pessoas jurídicas, inclusive instituições financeiras, sociedades seguradoras e assemelhadas.
O adicional incide, inclusive, sobre os resultados tributáveis de pessoa jurídica que explore atividade rural (Lei nº 9.249, de 1995, art. 3º, § 3º). No caso de atividades mistas, a base de cálculo do adicional será a soma do lucro real apurado nas atividades em geral com o lucro real apurado na atividade rural.
 LUCRO REAL

RECOLHIMENTO POR ESTIMATIVA 

A pessoa jurídica sujeita à tributação com base no Lucro Real  ANUAL poderá optar pelo pagamento do imposto e adicional, em cada mês, determinados sobre base de cálculo estimada (Lei 9.430/1996, artigo 2o).
 A opção por esse tipo de recolhimento deve ser manifestada com o pagamento do imposto de renda correspondente ao mês de janeiro ou de início de atividade e será considerada irretratável para todo o ano-calendário (RIR/1999, art. 222).
A base de cálculo estimada  pode ser determinada das seguintes formas (facultado ao contribuinte a qual for mais vantajosa):
a) Com base na Receita Bruta auferida mensalmente: sobre a receita bruta mensal aplica-se percentuais constantes no artigo 15, § lº, da Lei 9.249/1995, acrescidos das demais receitas (ganho de capital, juros, variação monetária ativa, etc.).
b) Com base em balancetes mensais de suspensão ou redução:
b1) SUSPENSÃO - através do balancete mensal acumulado, demonstra-se que o imposto pago até a data do balancete é maior que o devido. Exemplo: em 30 de abril, pelo balancete acumulado de janeiro a abril do respectivo ano, apurou-se um imposto devido de R$ 10.000,00 e até essa data já foi recolhido R$ 12.000,00 - portanto, inexiste a obrigação de recolhimento do IRPJ. Essa opção, também, pode ser utilizada  nos meses em que houver prejuízo fiscal.
b2) REDUÇÃO - através do balancete mensal acumulado demonstra-se que o imposto devido, com base no lucro real, é inferior ao apurado com base na receita bruta mensal da empresa, conforme citado no item "a", podendo haver a redução do recolhimento mensal.
Os percentuais a serem aplicados sobre a receita bruta, para fins de determinação da base de cálculo estimada são: (RIR/1999,art.223)
  

NOTAS IMPORTANTES - TABELA DA BASE DE CÁLCULO DO IRPJ

Nota 1:  Se a receita bruta ultrapassar R$ 120.000/ano, ficará sujeita ao percentual de 32%, retroativamente ao mês de janeiro. Neste caso, deve-se efetuar o recolhimento das diferenças do IRPJ apurado, até o último dia útil do mês subsequente àquele que ocorrer o excesso, sem nenhum acréscimo.
Nota 2: As pessoas jurídicas exclusivamente prestadoras de
          REFLEXO DA INFLAÇÃO SOBRE O ORÇAMENTO   


O que você acha de ter um salário de
milhões?

Os salários refletem uma época de desajuste da economia. Os dados são reais, foram tirados de uma tabela salarial que vigorou no período.


Até 1994 o Brasil passou por vários planos econômicos na  tentativa de conter a inflação, que somente veio a ser superada com o Plano Real, com medidas que tiveram início a partir de março de 1994, com a conversão dos salários em URV - Unidade Real de Valor, a qual era reajustada diariamente com base na perda de valor da moeda da época (CR$), que também passou a ser usada  para valorizar contratos.

Os salários e contratos em URV eram valorizados para a moeda corrente com base no valor da Unidade Real de Valor da data do pagamento.                                    

Passado três meses nesse sistema, toda a economia estava alinhada pelo indexador, foi criado o Real, que substitui a URV, cuja valor em 30 de junho de 1994 correspondia a CR$2.750,00, passando, a partir de 1º de julho de 1994,  a ser valorizados em Real todos os salários e contratos.

É claro que outras medidas foram tomadas pelo Governo para sanar as contas públicas e equilibrar o Orçamento, para evitar que a inflação tomasse folego.

Para se ter uma ideia, até 30 de junho de 1994, os supermercados tinha funcionários para remarcarem diariamente, o dia todo, os preços das mercadorias, pois, a variação de preços ocorria duas, ou mais, vezes por dia, cada remessa que chegava já tinha novo preço. Os salários eram reajustados mensalmente. A inflação chegou a 80% em um mês.

As empresas, que haviam contraído empréstimos em moeda estrangeira, por incentivo do governo,  tiveram grandes prejuízos com as maxi-desvalorizações da moeda, principalmente as empresas que tinham contratos com o governo, pois, embora os contratos tivessem reajustes por índices contratuais, não havia como repassar as maxis-desvalorizações da moeda, que afetavam os empréstimos externos, aumentando as dívidas das empresas.

Também ocorreu o congelamento da  poupança, conhecido como confisco da poupança,  e foi decretada  moratória da dívida externa, que acabou com o interesse da empresas estrangeiras em investir no País, impossibilitando a criação de novos empregos e gerando desemprego.

Os salários foram achatados, perdendo o poder de compra, parte do salário não era corrigida, pois dependia de negociação com o empregador, porém, o desemprego era fator que impedia negociação que repusesse as perdas. 

A Contabilidade passou um período de muita dificuldade em demonstrar através dos balanços o patrimônio das empresas. Havia correção monetária do Ativo Imobilizado e do Patrimônio Líquido, que resultava em prejuízo ou lucro inflacionário.

Os técnicos estrangeiros não conseguiam entender como  o resultado negativo da correção monetária do balanço de um o ano influenciava o resultado do exercício seguinte, ou seja, o prejuízo inflacionário de um exercício  se transformava em parcela, que corrigida, influenciava positivamente o resultado da  correção monetária do exercício seguinte, podendo um prejuízo operacional se transformar em lucro após a correção monetária.

Participei ativamente do problema, como Gerente Financeiro de uma empresa estrangeira, com empréstimos em moeda estrangeira. Era uma loucura!

Deus deu um basta aquela loucura, concedendo luz aos dirigentes e técnicos que criaram o Plano Real, que resolveu o problema da inflação no Brasil.

Já se passaram 20 anos do Plano Real. Muitos não se lembram mais do que era a inflação. As técnicas usadas para elaborar os orçamentos, que considerava vários índices, que serviam para corrigir contratos e salários; bem como os instrumentos criados por lei,   tais como: gatilho salarial;   variação cambial com quatro taxas diárias. Não era fácil!

A volta da perda da capacidade de compra é motivo de preocupação, devendo as empresas considerarem em seus orçamentos a estimativa da  inflação para o período, minimizando o risco de perda. Tal providência, também, deve ser adotada para que não haja necessidade de reajustes acentuados, que dificultem as  vendas, principalmente, quando dos reajustes salariais e contratos reajustados em períodos mais longos.

A inflação tem um efeito devastador sobre a empresa, pois delapida o patrimônio sem que o empresário o perceba. Por exemplo, as mercadorias que estão em estoque, para efeito de cálculo do preço de venda, devem ter o valor atualizado, pois corre-se o risco do valor recebido na venda ser insuficiente para repor o estoque, principalmente, se tratando de produtos importados, que variam conforme o câmbio.


Também, é necessário que o preço de venda considere o fator inflação, desde a aquisição até o recebimento do valor relativo à venda, que, em muitos casos, já está embutida nos juros bancários em desconto de duplicatas,  empréstimo para capital de giro, que tem como garantia as duplicatas emitidas pelas vendas efetuadas.

O Orçamento já elaborado na postagem anterior, deve ser inflacionado, por um índice que represente cada tipo de despesa e receita. Assim, de acordo com  as operações da empresa, devem serem aplicados vários índices que representem: a inflação, a variação cambial, o reajuste de alugueis, o reajuste dos salários, reajuste de contratos de prestação de serviços etc.

As empresas estrangeiras necessitam, além de um orçamento em moeda corrente, do Orçamento em US$. Assim, as receitas e despesas projetadas que consideram os índices retro mencionados, resultando em um Orçamento inflacionado, que deve ser convertido, com base no valor estimado da moeda estrangeira, mês a mês, chegando-se a um Orçamento em US$.

Porém,  considerando que, regra geral, as empresas não possuem tamanha complexidade, adotaremos  em nosso trabalho apenas a estimativa do IPCA para inflacionarmos o Orçamento já estimado em nossa   postagem anterior. 

Conforme publicado no Estadão.com.br, a projeção de inflação medida pelo Índice de Preços ao Consumidor Amplo (IPCA) para 2013 subiu de 5,80% para 5,83%, de acordo com a pesquisa Focus divulgada nesta segunda-feira, 17, pelo Banco Central.

No caso,  a inflação prevista para 2013, segundo o Bacen, é de 5,83% para o ano,  adotaremos a inflação média, por mês, com utilização de uma calculadora financeira, da seguinte forma:

a) vamos tomar por base 100 com sinal (-), no início do período, colocar na calculadora financeira, como valor presente (PV);
b) a base 100+5,83 = 105,83, como valor futuro (FV);
c) número de meses: 12, em (n);
d) apertar a tecla da taxa (i);
e) a máquina calculará:  0,4733.

Vamos conferir?

O índice criado corresponde  à multiplicação do índice anterior por (1+0,004733), correspondendo a, 100% + 0,4733%.                                                                                                                                                                          

Por exemplo, no mês de janeiro: 100X(1+0,004733) =100,4733; fevereiro: 100,4733X (1+0,004733) = 100,9488.

Com o índice vamos inflacionar o Orçamento já elaborado para o primeiro semestre, apresentado na postagem FLUXO DE CAIXA (CASH FLOW) - ORÇAMENTO DA EMPRESA.

Entretanto, devido a esta postagem ter se estendido para dar uma ideia do que foi a inflação no Brasil, vamos apresentar o Orçamento Inflacionado no próximo post.

Caro amigo leitor caso esteja gostando do blog compartilhe-o com seus amigos e conhecidos! Isso nos incentivará no trabalho. Caso negativo, faça sua crítica, que nos ajudará a melhorá-lo. Nosso objetivo é ajudar, sem complicar.

Caros amigos leitores até a próxima, com o Orçamento Inflacionado!







          FLUXO DE CAIXA (CASH FLOW) - ORÇAMENTO DA EMPRESA   
O Orçamento da Empresa é a compilação de todos os orçamentos, ou seja, refle a previsão das receitas, dos custos de fabricação, das despesas comerciais e impostos incidentes, das despesas administrativas, dos investimentos e financiamentos e do resultado.

Entre os diversos orçamentos, destaca-se o Orçamento de Caixa, conhecido como Fluxo de Caixa, Cash Flow em Inglês, que se baseia em informações contidas nos orçamentos setoriais, sintetizando o Orçamento da Empresa.




Extra-caixa são despesas que ocorrem, porém, não há pagamento, ou seja, não transitam pelo caixa da empresa, tais como: depreciação e provisões para férias e para o 13º salário etc., porém, devem ser demonstradas no Orçamento.

O Fluxo de Caixa é a programação mensal das entradas e saídas de caixa, permitindo prever as necessidades de aporte de recursos, seja através de aumento de capital ou de financiamento.

O Fluxo de Caixa é elaborado em uma única planilha, aqui apresentado separadamente para melhor entendimento. Iniciando, com o saldo dos recursos financeiros existentes no início do período, acrescido das receitas e deduzido das despesas previstas, o resultado é apresentado ao final, como saldo das disponibilidades ao final do período.

As receitas e despesas são alocadas no período em que estão previstos os pagamentos. Por exemplo, a compra a prazo para  30, 60 e 90 dias é considerada nos meses em que estão previstos os pagamentos. Por exemplo, em janeiro é computada apenas a parcela vencível no referido mês.

No modelo acima apresentado, consideramos as compras e vendas como sendo à vista, em decorrência de não haver elementos que permitam alocá-las em outros meses.

Iniciamos o mês de janeiro, com saldo anterior de disponibilidades igual a R$5.100,00, sendo R$100,00 em caixa e R$5.000,00 em bancos. Valores existentes em 31 de dezembro do ano anterior.

A receita prevista para janeiro é de R$257.740,00, relativa à venda de 1.176 unidades do produto A, ao preço de venda de R$219,17, conforme apurado na postagem "Valor do Preço de Venda".

O valor corresponde à soma de duas parcelas: R$77.322,00 de venda à vista, e R$180.418,00 de duplicatas, ou seja, venda faturada.

A seguir, na coluna referente ao mês de janeiro, são apresentadas despesas de fabricação que totaliza R$129.370,40, composta por diversas parcelas apresentadas nas postagens anteriores, a saber:

Matérias Primas no valor  R$117.600,00, correspondendo a 1.176 unidades, ao custo de R$100,00
por unidade, conforme demonstrado em "Preço de Venda -Cálculo do Custo de Produção";

Folha de Pagamento R$5.300,00, conforme apurado no "Custo de Mão-de-Obra Direta";

FGTS no valor de R$424,00, 8% sobre a Folha de Pagamento;

Previdência no valor de R$1.473,40, correspondendo a 27,8% sobre a Folha de Pagamento, percentual analisado no cálculo do "Custo da Mão-de-Obra Direta";

Terceiros no valor de R$2.715,00, correspondente a 272 unidades terceirizadas, conforme demonstrado na postagem "Cálculo do Preço de Venda - Custo de Produção".

Almoxarifado - salários R$1.000,00, valor apurado no demonstrativo da "Despesa Indireta de Fabricação", apresentada no "Custo de Produção";

FGTS e Previdência sobre os salários do Almoxarifado, com base nas alíquotas acima mencionadas;

Manutenção - R$500,00,  apresentada na demonstração da  Despesa Indireta de Fabricação apresentada no "Custo de Produção".

As Despesas Comerciais, totalizando R$20.619,20, são referentes aos seguintes custos:

Comissões no valor de R$12.887,00, correspondendo a 5% do valor das vendas:

Descontos concedidos no valor de R$7.732,20, correspondendo a 3% das vendas, em decorrência da promoção junto à clientela para compras acima de 100 unidades do produto A, atendendo à política de venda da empresa, tendo por objetivo manter as vendas no período, historicamente, de menor demanda.

Impostos sobre vendas, totalizando R$78.200,66, relativos aos impostos:

IPI = R$23.430,91, correspondendo a 10% das vendas, exclusive o imposto, isto é, a base de cálculo corresponde às vendas sem o imposto, assim demonstrado:

A base de cálculo do imposto é assim apurada:  o valor de venda (base 100%  mais IPI 10%)=110%, sabendo-se o valor das vendas, no caso, R$257.740,00, podemos apurar a base de cálculo do IPI aplicando a regra de três: (257.740/110X100)= 234.309.09.

Vamos conferir: 234.309,09X10%=23.430,90 (IPI);
A Base de cálculo mais o IPI:(234.309,09+23.430,90)=257.740,00 (valor das vendas), confirmando estar correto o critério de cálculo.

ICMS: R$30.928,80, 12% sobre o preço de venda, observado em nossos comentários em o "Valor do Preço de Venda", que sugerimos consultar;

PIS e COFINS: R$23.840,95, correspondendo a 7,65% do valor das vendas,  comentados na postagem "Valor do Preço de Venda".


As despesas financeiras são relativas às taxas bancárias, que correspondem a R$644,35.

As despesas Administrativas apresentam-se comentadas em  "Valor do Preço de Venda", com as diversas parcelas   que  totalizam R$6.800,00 .


Agora podemos calcular a previsão das disponibilidades financeiras ao final do mês, conforme se demonstra::

Saldo inicial das disponibilidades                                      R$   5.100,00
Mais:
Total das Entradas                                                           R$257.740,00

Menos:
Despesas de Fabricação                     R$129.370,40
Despesas Comerciais                          R$  20.619,20
Impostos sobre Vendas                      R$  78.200,66
Despesas Financeiras                          R$       644,36
Despesas Administrativas                    R$    6.800,00      R$235.634,62
Saldo Final das disponibilidades                                       R$  27.205,39


O Fluxo de Caixa é diferença de entre as entradas e as saídas: (257.740,00-235.634,62)=22.105,39.

Conforme retro esclarecido, há despesas que intitulamos de Extras Caixa, são aquelas que não transitam pelo caixa da empresa,  no caso,  as provisões.

As provisões, ora apresentadas,  foram apuradas   nas postagens: "Custo da Mão-de-Obra Direta" e "Custo de Fabricação", que devem ser consultadas para melhor entendimento.

Considerando o fluxo de caixa, entradas menos saídas, no caso, equivalentes a receita menos despesas, deduzido das despesas intituladas de Extra Caixa,  apuramos a previsão do resultado para o mês de janeiro: (22.105.39-1.778,05)=R$20.327,34, correspondendo a 7,9% das vendas.


Como se pode observar, há três colunas para cada mês: a primeira é a previsão; a segunda é o real, isto é, as receitas e despesas realmente ocorridas; e, a terceira é a variação percentual entre o real e o previsto. Deixamos de apresentar   a coluna  referente à  "variação" nos meses de fevereiro a junho por motivo de espaço na página.

Sempre que a receita for inferior à prevista ou a despesa superior à prevista deve ser analisada a causa, para tomada de providências necessárias ao ajuste da produtividade, conforme se demonstra na análise a seguir:

Da análise comparativa entre o resultado previsto para o mês de janeiro, correspondente a 7,9% das vendas, e o resultado no cálculo do "Valor do Preço de Venda", com percentual de 10% do preço de venda, constata-se diferença de 2,10%.

A origem da diferença é decorrente de dois fatores:
a) A concessão de desconto 3% sobre as vendas no mês de janeiro;
b) Diferença nos critérios usados para o cálculo do IPI:
    Na apuração do preço de venda aplicamos 10% sobre o valor de venda;
    No fluxo retro, IPI  incidiu sobre o valor de venda exclusive o IPI, conforme tributação do imposto.

O critério aplicado resulta em redução da despesa em 0,9% em relação ao apurado na postagem "Valor do Preço de Venda".

Nossa projeção, com base nos elementos já analisados, demonstra estar coerente a previsão.

Por outro lado, considerando que as empresas inscritas no SIMPLES não estão obrigadas a escrituração regular dos livros, o fluxo de caixa com previsão e valores reais das receitas e despesas é um instrumento indispensável para o controle da empresa, seja  de pequeno o grande porte.

O Fluxo de Caixa é a principal ferramenta para a boa administração de uma empresa, devendo ser elaborado com esmero, pois, além de projetar resultados, permite prever antecipadamente as dificuldades financeiras, por conseguinte tomada de decisões para resolver o problema. Por outro lado,  na forma acima exposta, funciona como instrumento de vigilância sobre todos os recebimentos e pagamentos efetuados, quando comparado o real com o previsto e realizada a devida análise dos desvios.

Nos meses seguintes as receitas e despesas são afetadas pelas seguintes decisões da administração da empresa:

Nos meses de fevereiro e março está prevista redução de 95% nas vendas, em comparação com o mês de janeiro. A previsão de redução nas vendas foi refletida na produção, diminuindo a produção terceirizada.

Também nos dois referidos meses, foi mantida a promoção de desconto de 3% para vendas acima de 100 unidades.

No mês de abril está prevista o retorno da produção aos níveis de janeiro, porém, mantendo-se o desconto de 3% para as vendas acima de 100 unidades.

A partir do dia 1º de maio, com as vendas já aquecidas, encerra-se a promoção do desconto de 3% para vendas acima 100 unidades.

Vamos verificar?

Tomando por exemplo, as matérias primas e a terceirização da produção nos meses de janeiro e fevereiro:

As matérias primas para a totalidade de produção 1176 unidades do produto A, calculada na postagem "Custo de Produção", ao valor unitário de R$100,00 corresponde a R$117.600,00. Em fevereiro está prevista redução para 95% da produção, logo, o custo de matérias primas diminui para (117.600,00X95%) =R$111.720,00.

A MOD - terceiros, que corresponde a 30% da produção com mão-de-obra própria,  ou seja, 905X30% = 271 unidades, ao custo unitário de R$10,00, totalizando R$2.710,00 em janeiro.

Em fevereiro com redução da produção para 95%, o número de unidades produzidas, corresponde a 1.176X95% = 1.117 unidades, deduzido a produção própria de 905 unidades, foram terceirizadas 212 unidades, ao preço unitário de R$10,00, corresponde a R$2.120,00.


A previsão do Fluxo de Caixa para o 1º semestre, com as parcelas de provisões (extra caixa), não é mais um  simples fluxo de caixa, pois prevê: vendas, custo de fabricação, custos comerciais, impostos, despesas financeiras, despesas administrativas e o resultado, logo é o próprio orçamento da empresa para o período, cujo resultado é um lucro de R$148.433,98, correspondendo a 9,76% das vendas.

Nada mal!

Boa sorte aos amigos leitores! Que organizem empresas e cresçam com segurança.

Até a próxima!


Caro amigo, caso esteja gostando do blog, indique-o para seus amigos e conhecidos! Isso nos incentivará no trabalho. Caso negativo, faça sua crítica, que nos ajudará a melhorá-lo. Nosso objetivo é ajudar, sem complicar.

Caso queira entrar em contato com o autor para tirar dúvidas, clic em "Quem eu sou" na aba lateral direita; a seguir, em "meu nome"; na aba superior da capa, clic em "Sobre", onde irá encontrar os dados para contato.



          VALOR DO PREÇO DE VENDA   





O valor do preço de venda leva em consideração, além do custo de produção, despesas comerciais, impostos incidentes, despesas financeiras e administrativas, remuneração do capital aplicado, bem como o Imposto de Renda da pessoa jurídica.

No caso, o preço de venda foi apurado considerando o custo unitário de produção, apurado com base na média ponderada; o número de unidades que são possíveis de serem produzidas, conforme demonstrado no cálculo do custo de produção.



As despesas administrativas são aquelas que não tem haver com a produção e venda, por exemplo: salário do Contador e Administrador, despesas como: luz do escritório, telefone, assinaturas etc.

Também neste caso, apuramos os valores como se produzisse um só tipo de produto. Assim, calculamos o  preço de venda do produto "A", cujo custo médio ponderado, demonstrado no Cálculo do Custo de Produção, correspondente a R$111,96, que multiplicado pelo número de unidades que podem ser produzidas,1.176, conforme apurado na planilha de custo ponderado, resulta em R$131.735,65.

É de se observar, trata-se do cálculo baseado em amostra das primeiras unidades produzidas, cuja produtividade deve aumentar ao longo da produção. Acredito estarmos trabalhando com uma margem de segurança satisfatória.

O custo com comissões dos vendedores (5%), ICMS (12%), IPI (10%), PIS (1,65) e COFINS (7,6%)corresponde a 36,25% do valor das vendas.

Entretanto, cabe-me observar, as alíquotas do IPI depende do produto. A alíquota do ICMS varia de acordo com o tipo de operação, para dentro e fora do Estado.

É se observar ainda, os referidos tributos são não cumulativos, ou seja,  geram créditos quando da aquisição das matérias primas e  gastos que a legislação especifica.

Os cálculos consideram as matérias primas e produtos secundários líquidos desses créditos, ou seja, diminuídos desses créditos.

Melhor explicando, por exemplo, a matéria prima corresponde ao valor da nota fiscal menos o crédito de: IPI, ICMS, PIS  e COFINS, que será compensado quando do pagamento dos valores apurados com base no faturamento.

No que se refere aos impostos e previdência Social, deve ser consultado o Contador. Os percentuais apresentados são ilustrativos, variando para cada tipo de empresa.


As despesas administrativas  somam R$6.800,00.
O Lucro Antes do Imposto de Renda desejado é de 10% sobre as vendas.

A soma dos percentuais das despesas comerciais e impostos representam (5%+12%+10%+7,6%+1,65%) = 36,25%, os quais  integra o valor do preço de venda.

Os percentuais sobre o valor das vendas, retro comentados, lucro mais as despesas comerciais e impostos,  importam em  (10%+36,25%) = 46,25%%.

Os custos já apurados são: Custo total de produção - R$131.735,65, e Despesas Administrativas -  R$6.800,00, totalizando R$138.535,65, conforme retro demonstrado.

O valor do preço de venda é correspondente a soma de todos os fatores que o compõe, ou seja, 100% dos fatores.

Sabendo-se que os percentuais sobre as vendas (lucro e despesas comerciais e impostos),  a ser calculado, corresponde a 46,25% das vendas;

Considerando-se que o preço de  venda  corresponde a 100%  dos fatores que o compõe;

Observando-se que os fatores a serem apurados corresponde a 46,25%;

O percentual da soma de custos de produção mais despesas administrativas, no total de R$138.535,65, é apurado pela subtração de 46,25% (lucro, despesas comerciais e impostos) de 100% (preço de venda),  (100-46,25) = 53,75%.

Consubstanciado nos custos já conhecidos e no percentual correspondente,  podemos apurar o Valor das Vendas, adotando-se a  regra de três: (138.535,65/53,75X100) = R$257.740,74.

Com o preço de venda calculado, temos os elementos para apurar o valor das despesas comerciais e impostos incidentes sobre as vendas, aplicando os percentuais apresentados na planilha sobre o valor das vendas.

Por exemplo, o valor das comissões será: 257.740,74X5% = R$12.887,04. Assim também se procede em relação aos impostos, conforme se demonstra:

A soma dos percentuais das despesas comerciais e impostos corresponde a 36,25% das vendas,  cujo valor é assim apurado: 257.740,74X36,25% =R$93.431,02.
Da mesma forma, se apura  o lucro antes do Imposto de Renda = 257.740,74 X 10% =R$25.774,07.

O Preço de Venda unitário do produto "A" corresponde ao valor das vendas dividido pelo número de unidades possíveis de serem produzidas, 1.176, ou seja, (257.740,74\1.176) =  R$219,04.

É de se observar, o cálculo considera que a fábrica produziria um só produto, no caso, o "A". Seguindo o mesmo critério foram apurados os preços de vendas dos produtos "B" e "C".

Com os valores dos preços de venda calculados se pode comparar com os preços da concorrência e estabelecer uma política de vendas de forma a manter a fábrica operando plenamente durante todos os meses do ano, com incentivos, descontos, propaganda etc.


NOTA: 

Nosso trabalho está voltado para a indústria por ser mais complexa, assim, atendemos às necessidades dos alunos e empresários industriais. Porém, na próxima postagem, será demonstrado o cálculo de Preço de Venda para Empresa Comercial e o Ponto de Equilíbrio, partindo dos cálculos já apresentados, excluindo o que se refere à Indústria.


Caro amigo leitor, caso esteja gostando do blog, indique-o para seus amigos e conhecidos! Isso nos incentivará no trabalho. Caso negativo, faça sua crítica, que nos ajudará a melhorá-lo. Nosso objetivo é ajudar, sem complicar.


Caso precise de auxílio,  entre em contato: clic em "Quem eu sou" na aba lateral direita; a seguir, e em "minha foto"; na aba superior, clic em "Sobre", onde irá encontrar os dados para contato.





          28 People Hurt in Arkansas Club Shooting, Police Say   
LITTLE ROCK, Arkansas  —   Twenty-eight people were wounded early Saturday as gunfire rang out during a concert at a nightclub in Little Rock, Arkansas, police said. All but three were shot and the others suffered related injuries at the Power Ultra Lounge in the Arkansas capital. Two people are listed in critical condition, Police Chief Kenton Buckner said Saturday afternoon, and the others had non-life-threatening injuries.. Victims ranged in age from 16 to 35, he said. Officials believe the […]
          By: Bill, vacationing on BizzaroWorld   
That's strange, Noga... My loading of that page says something very much different. <blockquote>"His abrupt withdrawal came after Freeman, who advocated and endorsed the use of the US military against peaceful protesters, drew fire from civil liberties and pro-free speech organizations." In his notorious memo, written in May 2006, Freeman showed not only his support for the Chinese Politburo and MacArthur's suppression of the Tiananmen and Bonus Army protests, but also supported the principle of using the military to suppress any other potentially embarrassing protests such as the 1963 civil rights march on Washington that featured Martin Luther King's famous "I Have a Dream" Speech. From the Freeman memo (emphasis ours): "For myself, I side on this — if not on numerous other issues — with Gen. Douglas MacArthur. <i><b>I do not believe it is acceptable for any country to allow the heart of its national capital to be occupied by dissidents intent on disrupting the normal functions of government, however appealing to foreigners their propaganda may be.</b></I> Such folk, whether they represent a veterans’ “Bonus Army” or a “student uprising” on behalf of “the goddess of democracy” should expect to be displaced with despatch from the ground they occupy. I cannot conceive of any American government behaving with the ill-conceived restraint that the Zhao Ziyang administration did in China, allowing students to occupy zones that are the equivalent of the Washington National Mall and Times Square, combined. while shutting down much of the Chinese government’s normal operations. I thus share the hope of the majority in China that no Chinese government will repeat the mistakes of Zhao Ziyang’s dilatory tactics of appeasement in dealing with domestic protesters in China."</blockquote> Having a wonderful time. Wish you all were here.
          01/07/2017: FRONT PAGE: Memories of life in the Old Town to script new capital arts show   

PHIL MILLER Much of the new housing was “built cheaply” and “not fit for purpose”, he added. The new project will work with photographer Elliot Hatherley, musician and storyteller David Francis and be directed by theatre maker Stephanie Knight, and...
          01/07/2017: PUZZLES: Omega Diagnostics wins backing as revenues increase   
OMEGA Diagnostics has secured £2.6 million growth funding from investors as the company prepares for the launch of its HIV testing kit following delays. Alva-based Omega said the funding will allow the firm to capitalise on the growth opportunities...
          Bär & Karrer advises Azimut on acquisition of SDB shares   

AZ Swiss & Partners SA (Swiss subsidiary of the Azimut Group) recently signed an agreement to acquire the entire share capital of SDB Financial Solutions, a Swiss independent asset management company and fund distributor authorised by FINMA. With this second acquisition and given its organic growth strategy, Bär & Karrer acts as legal adviser to […]

The post Bär & Karrer advises Azimut on acquisition of SDB shares appeared first on The Lawyer | Legal News and Jobs | Advancing the business of law.


          Silicon Valley sexual harassment scandal spreads   
One technology investor has stepped down and another issued a public apology as Silicon Valley's widening sexual harassment scandal exposes more tales of bad behaviour by venture capitalists in the US.
          Washington lawmakers continue overtime   
OLYMPIA, Wash. (AP) -- Washington lawmakers will continue their overtime work after efforts to reach agreement on a capital budget ended in acrimony in the Senate overnight....
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In the first quarter of each year, Quarterback looks to the cutting edge of social innovation to find organizations that can benefit from our unique brand of impact investing.  We bring highly skilled human capital to take on organization’s most pressing challenges and significant opportunities.  So here’s our question to you: who should we work with? What nonprofit organizations are […]
          Building a Bridge from Uganda to Consulting   
After spending three years as a marketing and business development specialist in the construction industry, I decided I was ready for a change.  Looking for a more impactful and results-oriented career, I began to apply to business school to make the transition into human capital consulting. One of my criteria for an MBA program was […]
          Alpha Baldé : "Le projet du PSG est en train de revenir à zéro’’   

Le PSG va-t-il tout recommencer depuis le début ? Alpha Baldé s’est exprimé à ce sujet ce samedi dans l’After. Selon lui, le projet du club de la capitale stagne, ou pire, semble revenir à zéro. Le non-remplacement des leaders, le mercato estival poussif et la mauvaise gestion de l’équipe enverraient une image péjorative de l’institution parisienne. Pour Baldé, cette dernière n’arrive pas à gagner le respect de ses joueurs.

Autor: avatarrmcsport
Tags: id_video:960553 after foot football PSG Alpha Baldé RMCSantenne Projet Paris Saint-Germain
gepostet: 02 Juli 2017


          Comment on Uruguay se convertirá en la capital del lujo y el glamour de América Latina con la primera Luxury Expo Punta del Este 2018 by Conrad Punta del Este: Este lujoso resort y casino se convertirá en tu excusa para visitar Uruguay | MEGA RICOS   
[…] ya has recibido tu invitación para la Luxury Expo Punta del Este, el evento que reunirá a las marcas más exclusivas del mercado y las personalidades más […]
          Press TV camera tours liberated areas in Old Mosul   
Iraq has declared the end of the self-proclaimed caliphate of Daesh terrorists in the country. Iraqi forces scored a major symbolic victory on Thursday by retaking the historic al-Nuri Mosque at the heart of Mosul. The is now days away from the full liberation of the city which was once the de-facto capital of the Takfiris in Iraq.
          Antipope Francis: VIRI PROBATI, MARRIED PRIESTS    
Antipope Francis: VIRI PROBATI, MARRIED PRIESTS 
SOURCE
 The discussion about viri probati [men of proven faith and virtue] is surfacing again, this time in England. As we know, there have been many progressivists advocating the admission of married laymen of an advanced age into the priesthood. The alleged reason is that they would help to assuage the dramatic insufficiency of priests caused by the gap of vocations to the priesthood. So, in an attempt to resolve this and other problems caused by Vatican II – closing of churches, merging of parishes – the solution would be to open the door of the priesthood to married old men.



fr married priest 
Precedent set with Anglican married priests who become Catholic, above, Fr. Harris with his family; below, Fr. Bart Stevens, wife and children
married Catholic priest
Would, then, the celibacy law be abolished for priests? This straightforward question is what the promoters of the idea of viri probati want to avoid. They try to circumvent this embarrassing question by saying: “These men, some of them already deacons, would make a commitment not to live with their wives…”

So, we would have married men who de facto would not live the matrimonial life, a sort of provisory chastity or continence inside marriage. This norm of chastity, however, would not be obligatory, but voluntary. Thus, the problem returns: It would be a breach in the rule of celibacy, but preferably those new priests would not have a matrimonial life.

Another “exception” to the rule of priestly celibacy came from the acceptance by Benedict XVI of converted Anglican “priests,” who were re-ordained and became Catholic priests. They were/are married and brought wives and children to their new rectories.

These ex-Anglican priests created a paradoxical situation for the Church. They are married priests in good standing with Rome. However, in the last 50 years a Catholic priest who wanted to marry has been required to leave the priesthood.

Since the number of ex-priests who have married after Vatican II is considerable – about 90,000 of the 413,418 priests in 2015, according to a credible source – the argument is now being advanced that, since the Church received ex-Anglican priests with their wives, she should also open her door also to this large group so that they can return to their ministry and help resolve the priest shortage.

In brief, the “solutions” to resolve the crisis of vocations and the insufficiency of priests are:

  • To accept married viri probati;
  • To reintroduce into priesthood ex-priests who left it to marry.
  • For the adoption of both “solutions” the precedent of accepting married ex-Anglicans as Catholic priests is of importance.
With this overview as background, the reader is in proper conditions to evaluate the recent interview Bishop Chrispian Hollis – retired Bishop of Portsmouth, England – gave to National Catholic Reporter. (June 16, 2017, pp. 1, 6, 7)


fr hollis 
Bishop Hollis: ‘I want to ordain married men’
Bishop Hollis speaks unambiguously about what he desires: “I want us to be able to ordain suitable married men.” He believes a commission should be established among the Bishops of the England and Wales to discuss the issue: This commission could look for the best way that this could be achieved. “We cannot go into this question blindly,” he says. “There needs to be a responsible discussion within the Church as broadly based as possible.”

Although a proponent of opening discussions on ordaining married priests, Hollis concurs that ultimately the decision to do so falls to Pope Francis. According to the English Bishop, Francis shows an openness to ordaining married men; he believes the Pope is just “waiting for a compelling case to be put before him.” (NCR, ibid.)

Hollis knows that Pope Francis is standing behind a similar solution (here and here).

Indeed, when the Encyclical Laudato Si’ was being prepared, Francis received at the Vatican Bishop Erwin Kräutler of Xingu in the Brazilian rainforest.

After the meeting on 5 April, 2014, Bishop Kräutler gave an interview to the daily Salzburger Nachrichten in which he declared the Pope was open-minded about finding solutions for the shortage of priests in areas like his Diocese. I reproduce his words:

“I told him [the Pope] that as Bishop of Brazil’s largest diocese with 800 church communities and 700,000 faithful I only had 27 priests, which means that our communities can only celebrate the Eucharist twice or three times a year at the most. The Pope explained that he could not take everything in hand personally from Rome. We local Bishops, who are best acquainted with the needs of our faithful, should be courageous and make concrete suggestions,” he said.

A Bishop should not act alone, the Pope told Kräutler. Francis indicated that “regional and national Bishops’ Conferences should seek and find consensus on reform, and then we should bring up our suggestions for reform in Rome,” Kräutler said.

Asked whether he had raised the question of ordaining married men at the audience, Bishop Kräutler replied: “The ordination of viri probati, that is, of proven married men who could be ordained to the priesthood, came up when we were discussing the plight of our communities. The Pope himself told me about a Diocese in Mexico in which each community had a deacon, but many had no priest. There were 300 deacons there who naturally could not celebrate the Eucharist. The question was how things could continue in such a situation.

krautler francis
Bishop Kräutler with Francis at the Vatican
“It was up to the Bishops to make suggestions, the Pope said again.”

Bishop Kräutler was asked whether it now depended on Bishops’ Conferences as to whether Church reforms proceeded or not. “Yes,” he replied. “After my personal discussion with the Pope I am absolutely convinced of this.” (The Tablet, April 10, 2014)

Also Card. Pietro Parolin, today Vatican’s Secretary of State and then Apostolic Nuncio to Venezuela, told El Universal newspaper in September 2013 that priestly celibacy “is not part of Church dogma and the issue is open to discussion because it is an ecclesiastical tradition.” “Modifications can be made, but these must always favor unity and God’s will,” he said. “God speaks to us in many different ways. We need to pay attention to this voice that points us towards causes and solutions, for example the clergy shortage.” (The Tablet, ibid.)

It is not difficult to see that the wall of priestly celibacy is on the brink of collapsing. The right Pope and Secretary of State are in right place to do it; the precedents – ex-Anglican married priests – were duly arranged by Benedict XVI; the viri probati are ready and waiting to enter the scene using the pretext of the priest shortage of Amazonia in Brazil. What follows next will be a blitz of married priests being re-introduced into their abandoned ministries.

It will be another multi-century wall in the Catholic Church – priestly celibacy – that will be destroyed by Progressivism as it proceeds on the path toward the complete demolition of the Mystical Body of Christ.

God’s intervention is near. 




Fr. Kramer "Apostate Antipope Francis & One World Religion" 

          Brandon Smith: “Next Phase of Collapse Will Include the End of the Dollar as We Know It”   
Brandon Smith: “Next Phase of Collapse Will Include the End of the Dollar as We Know It”
SOURCE

The Federal Reserve Is A Saboteur – And The “Experts” Are Oblivious
I have written on the subject of the Federal Reserve’s deliberate sabotage of the U.S. economy many times in the past. In fact, I even once referred to the Fed as an “economic suicide bomber.” I still believe the label fits perfectly, and the Fed’s recent actions I think directly confirm my accusations.
Back in 2015, when I predicted that the central bankers would shift gears dramatically into a program of consistent interest rate hikes and that they would begin cutting off stimulus to the U.S. financial sector and more specifically stock markets, almost no one wanted to hear it. The crowd-think at that time was that the Fed would inevitably move to negative interest rates, and that raising rates was simply “impossible.”


Many analysts, even in the liberty movement, quickly adopted this theory without question. Why? Because of a core assumption that is simply false; the assumption that the Federal Reserve’s goal is to maintain the U.S. economy at all costs or at least maintain the illusion that the economy is stable. They assume that the U.S. economy is indispensable to the globalists and that the U.S. dollar is an unassailable tool in their arsenal. Therefore, the Fed would never deliberately undermine the American fiscal structure because without it “they lose their golden goose.”
This is, of course, foolish nonsense.
Since its initial inception from 1913-1916, the Federal Reserve has been responsible for the loss of 98% of the dollar’s buying power. Idiot analysts in the mainstream argue that this statistic is not as bad as it seems because “people have been collecting interest” on their cash while the dollar’s value has been dropping, and this somehow negates or outweighs any losses in purchasing power. These guys are so dumb they don’t even realize the underlying black hole in their own argument.
IF someone put their savings into an account or into treasury bonds and earned interest from the moment the Fed began quickly undermining dollar value way back in 1959, then yes, they MIGHT have offset the loss by collecting interest. However, this argument, insanely, forgets to take into account the many millions of people who were born long after the Fed began its devaluation program. What about the “savers” born in 1980, or 1990? They didn’t have the opportunity to collect interest to offset the losses already created by the Fed. They were born into an economy where saving is inherently more difficult because a person must work much harder to save the same amount of capital that their parents saved, not to mention purchase the same items their parents enjoyed, such as a home or a car.
Over the decades, the Fed has made it nearly impossible for households with one wage earner to support a family. Today, men and women who should be in the prime of their careers and starting families are for the first time in 130 years more likely to be living at home with their parents than any other living arrangement.
People are more likely to be living with their parents now than back during time periods in which young people actually wanted to stay close to their parents to take care of them. That is to say, most young people are stuck at home because they can’t afford to do anything else, not because they necessarily want to be there.
This is almost entirely a symptom of central bank devaluation of the currency and its purchasing potential. The degradation of the American wage earner since the Fed fiat machine began killing the greenback is clear as day.
The Fed is also responsible for almost every single major economic downturn since it was established. As I have noted in the past, Ben Bernanke openly admitted that the Fed was the root cause of the prolonged economic carnage during the Great Depression on Nov. 8, 2002, in a speech given at “A Conference to Honor Milton Friedman … On the Occasion of His 90th Birthday:”
“In short, according to Friedman and Schwartz, because of institutional changes and misguided doctrines, the banking panics of the Great Contraction were much more severe and widespread than would have normally occurred during a downturn.
Let me end my talk by abusing slightly my status as an official representative of the Federal Reserve. I would like to say to Milton and Anna: Regarding the Great Depression. You’re right, we did it. We’re very sorry. But thanks to you, we won’t do it again.”
Bernanke is referring in part to the Fed’s program of raising interest rates into an economic downturn, exacerbating the situation in the early 1930’s and making the system highly unstable. He lies and says the Fed “won’t do it again;” they are doing it RIGHT NOW.
The Fed was the core instigator behind the credit and derivatives bubble that led to the crash in 2008, a crash that has caused depression-like conditions in America that we are still to this day dealing with. Through artificially low interest rates and in partnership with sectors of government, poor lending standards were highly incentivised and a massive debt trap was created. Former Fed chairman Alan Greenspan publicly admitted in an interview that the central bank KNEW an irrational bubble had formed, but claims they assumed the negative factors would “wash out.”
Yet again, a Fed chairman admits that they either knew about or caused a major financial crisis. So we are left two possible conclusions — they were too stupid to speak up and intervene, or, they wanted these disasters to occur.
Today, we are faced with two more brewing bubble catastrophes engineered by the Fed: The stock market bubble and the dollar/treasury bond bubble.
The stock market bubble is rather obvious and openly admitted at this point. As the former head of the Federal Reserve Dallas branch, Richard Fisher, admitted in an interview with CNBC, the U.S. central bank in particular has made its business the manipulation of the stock market to the upside since 2009:
“What the Fed did — and I was part of that group — is we front-loaded a tremendous market rally, starting in 2009.
It’s sort of what I call the “reverse Whimpy factor” — give me two hamburgers today for one tomorrow.”
Fisher went on to hint at his very reserved view of the impending danger:
“I was warning my colleagues, Don’t go wobbly if we have a 10 to 20 percent correction at some point… Everybody you talk to… has been warning that these markets are heavily priced.” [In reference to interest rate hikes]
The Fed “front-loaded” the incredible bull market rally through various methods, but one of the key tools was the use of near-zero interest rate overnight loans from the central bank, which corporations around the world have been exploiting since the 2008 crash to fund stock buybacks and pump up the value of stock markets. As noted by Edward Swanson, author of a study from Texas A&M on stock buybacks used to offset poor fundamentals:
“We can’t say for sure what would have happened without the repurchase, but it really looks like the stock would have kept going down because of the decline in fundamentals… these repurchases seem to hold up the stock price.”
In the initial TARP audit, an audit that was limited and never again duplicated, it was revealed that corporations had absorbed trillions in overnight loans from the Fed. It was at this time that stock buybacks became the go-to method to artificially prop up equities values.
The problem is, just like they did at the start of the Great Depression, the central bank is once again raising interest rates into a declining economy. This means that all those no-cost loans used by corporations to buy back their own stocks are now going to have a price tag attached. An interest rate of 1% might not seem like much to someone who borrows $1000, but what about for someone who borrows $1 Trillion? Yes, borrowing at ANY interest rate becomes impossible when you need that much capital to prop up your stock. The loans have to be free, otherwise, there will be no loans.
Thus, we have to ask ourselves another question; is the Fed really ignorant enough to NOT know that raising rates will kill stock markets? They openly admit that they knew what they were doing when they inflated stock markets, so it seems to me that they would know how to deflate stock markets. Therefore, if they deliberately engineered the market rally with low interest rates, it follows that they are deliberately engineering a crash in markets using higher interest rates.
Mainstream economists and investment “experts” appear rather bewildered by the Federal Reserve’s exuberance on rate hikes. Many assumed that Janet Yellen would hint at a pullback from the hike schedule due to the considerable level of negative data on our fiscal structure released over the past six months. Yellen has done the opposite. In fact, Fed officials are now stating that equities and other assets appear to be “overvalued” and that markets have become complacent. This is a major reversal from the central bank’s attitude just two years ago. The fundamental data has always been negative ever since the credit crisis began. So what has really changed?
Well, Donald Trump, the sacrificial scapegoat, is now in the White House, and, central bank stimulus has a shelf life.  They can’t prop up equities for much longer even if they wanted to. The fundamentals will always catch up with the fiat illusion. No nation in history has ever been able to print its way to prosperity or even recovery. The time is now for the Fed to pull the plug and lay blame in the lap of their mortal enemy – conservatives and sovereignty champions. They will ignore all financial reality and continue to hike. This is a guarantee.
In the Liberty Movement the major misconception is that the Fed is attempting to “catch up” to the next crash by raising interest rates so that they will be ready to stimulate again. There is no catching up to this situation. The Fed has no interest in saving stock markets or the economy. Again, the fed has raised rates before into fiscal decline (during the Great Depression), and the result was a prolonged crisis. They know exactly what they are doing.
What does the Fed gain from this sabotage? Total centralization. For example, before the Great Depression there used to be thousands of smaller private and localized banks in America. After the Great Depression most of those banks were either destroyed or absorbed by elite banking conglomerates. Banking in the U.S. immediately became a fully centralized monopoly by the majors. In a decade, they were able to remove all local competition and redundancy, making communities utterly beholden to their credit system.
The 2008 crash allowed the banking elites to introduce vast stimulus measures requiring unaccountable fiat money creation. Rather than saving America from crisis, they have expanded the crisis to the point that it will soon threaten the world reserve status of our currency. The Fed in particular has set the U.S. up not just for a financial depression, but for a full spectrum calamity which will include a considerable devaluation (yet again) of our currency’s value and resulting in extreme price inflation in necessities.
The next phase of this collapse will include the end of the dollar as we know it, making way for a new global currency system that uses the IMF’s SDR basket as a foundation. This plan is openly admitted in the elitist run magazine ‘The Economist’ in an article entitled “Get Ready For A Global Currency By 2018.
It is important to understand what the Fed actually is — the Fed is a weapon. It is a weapon used by globalists to destroy the American system at a given point in time in order to clear the way for a new single world economy controlled by a single managerial entity (most likely the IMF or BIS). This is the Fed’s purpose. The central bank is not here to save the U.S. from harm, it is here to make sure the U.S. falls in a particular manner — a controlled demolition of our fiscal structure.


The US Is Becoming A 3rd World Nation As The Economy Breaks Down: Paul Craig Roberts

 



          Spiritual Wickedness in High Places: Malachi Martin on The End of Religion (As We Know It)   
Spiritual Wickedness in High Places: Malachi Martin on The End of Religion (As We Know It)
SOURCE
(Note: The following was one of the last interviews by Malachi Martin before his death in 1999.)

      Ever since Nimrod and the Tower of Babel, the Power Elite have never given up on their feverish dream of a One World Government.

      Former Jesuit Malachi Martin's novel, Windswept House (Doubleday/ Main Street Books), offers a lurid behind the scenes look at a cabal of Vatican insiders who want to use the Roman Catholic Church as a foundation for a politico-religious New World Order.

      The plot of the novel involves a group of Church officials who scheme with a group of like-minded corporate executives to manipulate the Church into a ready-made infrastructure for a One World Religion -- a universal umbrella for everybody from Episcopalians to voodoo practitioners.

      The new ecumenicalism is clothed in Globalist garb. The agenda includes promoting issues like population control, environmentalism and secular humanism, which the plotters hope will eventually lead to the complete secularization of religion. 


      The most outrageous and controversial premise of the novel -- described in great detail in the prologue -- is that a ceremony was performed in the Vatican in 1963 -- an occult ritual which enthroned the fallen archangel Lucifer as the head of the Roman Catholic Church.

      Does Dr. Martin believe that this enthronement actually took place in his novel, which could liberally be described as a roman a clef?

      "Yes, it did," he says emphatically. "Beyond a shadow of a doubt in my mind. But now the place, time, hour etc., are all obfuscated to protect the guilty and save the innocent."

      Was it common knowledge in the Vatican at the time? "Not common knowledge," explains Martin. "But I found out about it by being a member of the Vatican circles that learned these things. It's like everything else. I'm sure there are people floating around Washington, and they know an awful lot about what's going on. Someone says, 'how do you know that'? Well, it's just... we know it."

      The story ofWindswept House continues in present day Europe as an international group of conspirators spanning Church and State plots a one world government on behalf of Lucifer. So are readers to infer that no matter what happens, the Pope and the Church hierarchy are bound to serve the fallen angel?

      "No," explains Dr. Martin. "What it means is that for the moment, Lucifer the biggest archangel, the leader of the revolt against God, has a big in with certain Vatican officials. Enthronement doesn't mean that he rules. It means that they did their best to put him there. The ideal would be to have their man as Pope. In that case then Satan would be enthroned."

      The book goes on to describe how two brothers, one a priest and the other an investment banker, grapple with these awesome consequences as pawns in the game. Meanwhile the cabal of Globalist-oriented Vatican officials and European-based internationalists try to corner the Pope into voluntary resignation so that they can get their man in the Chair of Peter.

      This theme coincidentally is also the basis, albeit in non-fiction form, of Martin's book The Keys of This Blood: Pope John Paul II Versus Russia and the West for Control of the New World Order.

      The upshot? A One World Government is a fait accompli, he infers. What Dr. Martin calls the "millennium endgame" is a competition for a new global hegemony by the key Globalist players. What's interesting is that the novel appears to be a seamless transition from his previous non-fiction work. The reader then is put in the position of concluding that the New World Order is a done deal, that a One World Government is here and now and, as the expression goes, it's all over but the crying.

      But you wouldn't expect Globalist agit-prop from a former Jesuit. Or would you?



The Enthronement of Lucifer in the Vatican

 

And Who Is Malachi Martin?

      Author of 15 books on religious and geo-political topics, Malachi Martin is highly regarded and respected as a world renowned scholar.

      Trained in theology at Louvain, he received his doctorates in Semitic Languages, Archaeology and Oriental History. He subsequently studied at Oxford and Hebrew University in Jerusalem. From 1958 to 1964, he served in Rome, where he was a close associate of the Jesuit cardinal Augustin Bea and Pope John XXIII, as well as a professor at the Vatican's Pontifical Biblical Institute.

      Malachi Martin is the author of many best-selling books including Vatican, Hostage to the Devil, The Jesuits, The Final Conclave, and The Keys of This Blood. Also he was a Roman Catholic priest of the Society of Jesus until 1964 when he left the Jesuits. Why?

      "It was a grave decision," he says. "I could see the way the Church was going, the way churchmen were going in their decisions and all the anchors I had for morality and zeal were being undone. Then when the Vatican Council started in 1962, I could see the way the flow of opinion was going in the Vatican by a group of cardinals from Belgium, Germany and France. They were maneuvering the Church into totally new ecclesiology. I couldn't accept this."

      As an advisor to three Popes, Dr. Martin has had his fair share of romanita, that uniquely Roman methodology of connivance and power politicking. "I started off as an advisor on Judaism," he continues. "I was trained in Semitic languages and I spent a year and a half studying the Talmud... Then my superiors in Rome also found that I understood Judaism very well. They wanted someone to explain it, since they were studying the whole question of Jewish-Christian relations. So I was drafted into helping with that."

      And the outcome? "They produced a document in which they sort of absolved the Jewish people of the death of Christ."

      Based on his research? "No, not on my research," argues Martin. "I was only a cog in the wheel. I didn't agree with the final document either. It went too far. And then there were conclusions about the need for Catholics to study Judaism and get to know them better."

So this was the ecumenicalization of the Church that was going on?

      "That's it in one word," concurs Martin. "And I couldn't agree with the total effect of all that because I thought they went too far."

      Dr. Martin was also involved with Vatican intelligence. What did he do? "Just assessing things in Israel, whatever anti-Christianity there was amongst the Israelis. There was and still is. And what was the position of the Arabs. I used to live in Jordan and Lebanon and Egypt. I knew those places very well and could assess the position of the Church and the various Christian communities."

      The many-talented Dr. Martin is also known as a practicing exorcist and has even written a book about the subject called Hostage to the Devil.

      He says he came up against evil as a force in the world in an uncontrovertible undeniable way in his first exorcism.

      "I was in Cairo and it was evil," Dr. Martin recalls.

      "You know you only have to enter its presence, or for it to enter your presence to know that you are in the presence of something which is summarily evil."

      "It's invisible. You can't see it. But you know it wants you dead. Dead. Dead. And in a horrible way," he repeats in a hypnotic voice. "It's touching your very bones by its presence."

      So how does he explain the phenomenon of demonic possession? "Free will", says Dr. Martin. "For the first time in the work we have been doing for thirty-one years in this corner of the globe, during the last ten years or so, we have found young men and women thirty-somethings or twenty-somethings coming forward and saying, 'Listen I made a pact with the devil. I wanted this woman. I wanted this man. I wanted this job. I wanted this money. I wanted this, this, this, and I made a pact and he gave it to me and now I can't get free of him. He dominates my will. Please liberate me. And then people get to it by means of things like a ouija board or by spiritual seances or channeling."

      Malachi Martin is also known as a serious scholar of apocryphal writings, having authored a book called The Scribal Character of the Dead Sea Scrolls.

      (As an impressive mark of his erudition, Malachi Martin even knew about the alternative Abraham and Isaac story in one of the so-called Pseudepigrapha, the Book of Jubilees. In this unsanctioned version of Genesis, Abraham is commanded to kill his son, but not by God. Instead it is Mastema, a fallen angel known as "the accusing angel" as well as the Tempter and Executioner, who tells the Hebrew patriarch to do the dirty deed. To his credit, of course, Abraham doesn't slaughter his firstborn. When asked why the Genesis version omits details of the fallen angel Mastema as the instigator of Abraham's test, however, even Malachi Martin admits ignorance.)

Bernard Janzen "Fr. Malachi Martin: Camouflaged Apostasy"


The Globalist Imperative

      Like the prissy intellectuals of the 1930s enamored by National Socialism (as well as Fabian Socialism), the current fin de siecle version of internationalists are likewise paving their own road to a Globalist hell with good intentions.

      Using the Hegelian model of history, first there was Capitalism (thesis), then Communism (antithesis), and now there's the New World Order (synthesis), risen from the ashes of the Cold War and the formerly 'competing' ideologies.

      International socialism or corporate fascism (aka Globalism) is, in fact, the trendy philosophy for the end of the millennium. In his book Megatrends 2000, Olympian futurist John Naisbitt calls it "free market socialism," a hybrid economic system that combines welfare state policies with multinational corporate business on a global level.

      Globalism, however, as a secular religion, has a dogma all its own. Its primary belief system is based on the notion that the usefulness of the nation-state is over. In other words, national sovereignty is a thing of the past and a One World Government is inevitable. But... this effort, at least for now, must be couched in cryptic language for the unwashed masses. Otherwise they'd get too upset.

      Globalist spokesman Zbigniew Brzezinski, former Columbia University professor, President Carter's former National Security advisor, and founder of the Trilateral Commission spoke at the Gorbachev Foundation's State of the World Forum in 1995, "We cannot leap into world government in one quick step," he said. "(It) requires a process of gradually expanding the range of democratic cooperation." In plain language, that means people must be further indoctrinated.

      Eurocrat Jean-Marie Guehenno hints at this global hegemony or one world totalitarianism calling it an "empire without an emperor." Guehenno wrote The End of the Nation-State (1995) which was called La fin de la democratie (The End of Democracy) in the original French version. Since nation states are obsolete, he claims, "'wise men' capable of thinking through the finite world that has become our common lot" must be entrusted to guide us into what he calls an 'Imperial Age'." Presumably Guehenno counts himself as one of the ranks of "The Wise Men."

      Most striking though is a chapter in Guehenno's book called "Religions without God", which evokes the image of the humanist shaking his fist at an empty sky. The ultimate reduction of this conundrum for the internationalists is to hint at a "global politburo" to run the world as posited by Paul Mazur in Unfinished Business (1979).

      According to Dr. Martin's nomenclature, Guehenno is one of the Transnationalists -- bureaucrats who believe that Globalism is based on "the development of new and ever wider interrelationships between the governments of the world".

      On the other hand, the Internationalists are "individuals who operate from a power base of finance, industry and technology". Together these groups are the Globalists, the social engineers conniving for the convergence of East and West in the so-called New World Order.


Luciferian Geo-Politics

      For a Churchman, Malachi Martin shows a remarkable familiarity and understanding of Luciferianism, a belief system which hold human wisdom, secular humanism if you will, as its paragon and the fallen archangel Lucifer as the Prince who will rule the world.

      Readers ofWindswept Houseare given the impression that the old traditional Catholic Church is good because the protagonists, Christian Gladstone and his mother are defending it, while we know that the Church has been dedicated to Lucifer. Faced with these two alternatives, the conclusion is that the Roman Catholic Church run by Lucifer is good -- a classic (and incredibly sophisticated) double bind, which is constantly reinforced in the reader's mind throughout the 646 pages of the novel.

      "Well, the Church itself has not been given to Lucifer," argues Dr. Martin. "He was enthroned in the Vatican by Vatican officials. That doesn't mean he possesses the Church yet. The Church anyway is an ambiguous term because it either means the actual physical bloc of churches, convents, libraries, academies, parish houses and cathedrals, the physical plant. Or it means the group of faithful in the state of grace whether they are alive in Purgatory or in Heaven. That is the body of Christ."

      "There has always been, since the fourth century, this organization set up by the Emperor Constantine. But that is not essential for the Church. The Church can exist without it. So that mystical body of Christ has not fallen into Lucifer's hands. The organization to some degree has. That's the difficulty."

      What about the book putting his readers in a double bind? You're presented with two choices. Either A. The Luciferian-controlled Roman Catholic Church. Or B. The Luciferian-controlled New World Order. So where does Malachi Martin find himself?

      "The New World Order is definitely won by Luciferian believers," says Dr. Martin. "There's no doubt about that."

      And then he starts to rationalize their modus operandi.

      "But these are men who came to be and are in their actions at least, humanitarian and philanthropic. They want to wipe out hunger and disease. They want to limit the population of the world. They believe the world is headed for mass starvation. They also want to enter into education. They would like to have an alliance with the Roman Catholic Church and with another pope. This one -- they know would stand in their way in regards to population control because he is deadstart against abortion, contraceptives, genetic engineering."

      And what about "The Process" he refers to in his book?

      Dr. Martin replies that it's the "Luciferian Process" of secularizing every religious mind so that the common mind today would be one which regarded the earth as a planned paradise to be built up. There is no God above the skies, no heaven, and there is no hell beneath the earth. It's complete secularization."

      (John Lennon's classic rock anthem "Imagine" comes to mind. "Imagine there's no country," he sang. "It isn't hard to do. Nothing to kill or die for. And no religion too.")

      But do the Luciferians have a timetable?

      "We are now according to the official doctrine of the Luciferians in what they call "the Availing Time". They have a tradition that in these years they can avail of the time to install the Prince, who is Lucifer, as the greatest power on earth in charge of human civilization and adored by men."

      And to what end?

      "To exalt the power of Lucifer. That is the end in itself. It's the Luciferian purpose. If they don't do it in these years, then it is put off sine die, without resolution. They are very keen on getting it done."

      And what are the next steps in this "Process"?

      "The purpose is to secularize education completely," continues Dr. Martin. "And to eliminate from considerations of life and death -- medicine, sociality, finance, birth, development etc., to free that of any religious presumption whatever. To free it from the superstition of religion so that man is dealt with scientifically and humanly. And that is 'the Process'. 'The Process' is to make the human mind accept that... 'The Process' is whereby all education, primary secondary and higher, college university and all public activity is completely rid of all religious presumptions."

      "There is a layer of satanism, of satanist ritual which prepares people for perfect Luciferian adoption. They have covens and sacrifices and rites. The Luciferians have no rites, you know."

      So dabbling with satanism in these rituals leads to a different form of "commitment" which is Luciferianism?

      "It is a preparation for Luciferianism and there are reversals sometimes," claims Dr. Martin. "You will find a crowd of Luciferians having a satanic ritual as a reminder of things. But they have all passed through in a sense and that involves three things: the infliction of pain without flinching, the infliction of death without flinching, and the use of fire."


Windswept House — Message and Subtext

      In Windswept House, Christians and Luciferians clash over the remains of the Roman Catholic Church. It's a controversial and provocative story, a political thriller with metaphysical implications. It delves into the depths of treachery, intrigue and Machiavellian politics at the highest levels of the Church. As a fact-based novel with frequent lengthy asides on real historical geopolitical events like the fall of the Soviet Empire and the Helsinki Accords,Windswept House is a vehicle for one simple message -- the New World Order is here and now.

      While a group of cardinals scheme to force the Pope to resign his office so they'll be able to install a man who will do the Luciferians' bidding, a priest, Christian Gladstone is called to Rome. Cardinal Maestroianni, a power player and one of the leaders of the cabal, enlists the priest to poll bishops regarding closer ties with the European Economic Community. In fact, however, the Cardinal is assessing the timing for a conclave in which the Slavic Pope would be forced to resign because he has become a stumbling block in the Luciferians' plans.

      From the business side, Paul Gladstone, Christian's brother and an expert in international relations working at a Globalist law firm, is also unknowingly recruited to bring the Luciferian plan to fruition. When the brothers find out they are both being unwittingly used in the schemes of the Luciferians, they join forces. Christian then must reach the Pope to tell him that he is being manipulated to abdicate the Chair of Peter.

      Will the Pope resign? And will he exorcise the Church in time?

      The subtext? It doesn't really make a hell of a lot of a difference. 

Father Malachi Martin: End of Christian Civilization



The Future of the Church Militant

      In his novelWindswept House Malachi Martin expostulates his readers regarding the reasons why the "Slavic Pope" (Pope John Paul II) is so ineffectual. But what is the Pope's agenda as he sees it?

      "I think that from the very start John Paul II for whatever reasons, has sought after one thing and one thing only," says Dr. Martin. The formation of what now appears to be in his mind, a universal assemblage of Catholics at the core; grouped with them the Protestant denominations, sects and churches; grouped around them believing Jews, believing Muslims, believing Hindus, believing Buddhists. And that would be a universal religious assembly that could have a powerful dynamic kick in civilization and in solving the problems of men and women today. That is the only thing you can really say this man has sought heart and soul and body with all his travelling. When he went to churches all over the world, member churches of the Catholic Church in all the countries, he was bolstering the reputation of the papacy and he was speaking Catholic dogma, Catholic belief, Catholic morals. But in reality he was reaching out to everybody. He wanted to make friends with everybody."

      And what about the widespread homosexuality, pedophilia and satanic rituals in the Church, common knowledge he avers known to all Vatican insiders? Since as he wrote Christ is no longer honored in the tabernacle, what does he think will happen?

      "Once the tabernacle is emptied of Christ's real presence, then the Church ceases to be holy and therefore it's going to be entered by the opposite power, Lucifer," says Martin. "And this is taking place now. Not widespread, but it is taking place. There's no doubt about that."

      So will the Church fall on its own? "It's disintegrating slowly," says Martin. "As an organization, it's being marginalized sociopolitically and culturally. And religiously, it's weakening and decaying, obsolescing..."

      "If you look at any country today there are three identifiable components of that State. One, the government. Two, there is industry. Third, there are what we call NGOs, the non-governmental organizations. That's everything from Mothers Against Drunk Drivers to the Catholic Church. And they're just simply lumped together, voluntary associations with as much power as they can grasp but of no special importance. Now fifty or seventy years ago, when an ethical or moral question arose, people and governments looked to the churches. Now they don't any longer."

      And yet another sensitive question. Something doesn't add up. Malachi Martin's a priest. He's supposed to fight evil. Yet his bookWindswept Houseis clear evidence that he's thrown in the towel.

      "Well I don't see evidence of having thrown in the towel," protests Dr. Martin. "Because there's a lot I'm being made to pay for, in the sense that the writer obviously likes and reveres this Pope even though he disagrees with him. The writer also believes in the blessed sacrament. He believes in the Pope's infallibility. He believes in salvation. He believes in hell. He believes in the evil of the devil."

      So why doesn'tWindswept Houseend with Christ victorious in the book?

      Does Dr. Martin believe that the Luciferian forces have won already?

      "No. No. No," insists Dr. Martin. "This is an interim book. It ends in a big doubt -- everybody waiting." This must be what they call the European ending -- as opposed to the American ending where all the loose ends are tied up.

      Then the story shifts into "The Devil, Er, I Mean the Editor Made Me Do It". "The publisher said, 'listen the story isn't finished yet,'" says Dr. Martin. "I had a lovely glorious ending. I had a vision. I had a marvellous thing over the Alps. He cut it out."

      This is an actual editorial decision? "Yes," says Dr. Martin.

      But with all due respect, it almost sounds like Luciferian tampering. Not that anyone wants a saccharine ending. So are readers to conclude that the Luciferians won because of the passivity of the Pope in defending the Church?

      "Well, they haven't won yet," says Dr. Martin on a slightly upbeat note. "We're waiting for this man to do something. He's the Vicar of Christ. I know I'm defending him but..."

      "Readers who call me or write me say, what do we do now? I say, read my next book," he continues.

      With Martin's death on July 28, 1999, his suggestion seems to be a moot point.

      "So perhaps editorially," he concludes, "it was the right decision, but religiously it was the wrong decision. I don't know."

      It's been said that "by their fruits, ye shall know them." Malachi Martin's assent to the so-called "process" is the tangible "fruit" of Windswept House.

      Is the novel a prophecy? Or is it just a warning?

      In any case, the New (Luciferian) World Order that Martin describes puts a religious spin to the whole "process" of history.

It's also clear -- the book is a Luciferian masterpiece.  


TradCatKnight in the media: THE SATANIC VATICAN DECEPTION 


          The Running of the Bulls Is an Abhorrent, Cruel Practice That Must Stop Now   
It's hard to believe that bulls are still being stabbed to death for entertainment in 2017.

I love an adventure. I've climbed cliffs on Kauai and stripped down to my skivvies to swim in a Mexican cenote. But the challenges that I pursue are a danger only to me. Those who participate in the annual Running of the Bulls can't say the same. Most tourists who travel to Pamplona for the July event suffer from nothing more than a hangover, but the bulls they run with lose their lives.

Few tourists know that at the end of every day's run, the bulls they used to cross an item off their bucket list will be killed in the bullfighting arena.

After slipping and sliding along the cobbled streets as hordes of people brandishing rolled-up newspapers scream at them, the exhausted, confused bulls must fight to the death. Men on horses circle them while repeatedly piercing them with sharp sticks called banderillas until they are dizzy, weakened from blood loss and in agonizing pain. The horses, who are blindfolded, can also sustain serious injuries if they can't avoid a charging bull.

When the bleeding bull is spent and losing the will and strength to charge, the matador (Spanish for "killer") makes his entrance to administer the death blow. In a sickening twist to an already sadistic spectacle, the crowds often cheer as the animal's ears are cut off as "trophies."

But condemnation of this bloody pastime is growing worldwide, and those few people still clinging to it are finding themselves in increasingly empty arenas. In 2007, some 3,651 bullfights were held in Spain, according to figures from its Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport. In 2015, that number had declined to 1,736. An online poll by Ipsos MORI last year found that just 19 percent of Spanish adults supported bullfighting, compared to 58 percent who opposed it.

Bullfighting is already banned in many parts of Spain, and more and more areas are following suit. In 2015, one town decided to divert funds usually reserved for propping up the local bullfighting industry into buying books for schoolchildren instead. Another swapped tormented bulls for giant polystyrene balls in its annual running festival. Madrid's mayor has eliminated public subsidies for bullfights, and earlier this year, thousands marched through the Spanish capital to demand an end to this cruel spectacle.

Further afield, the Mexican states of Coahuila, Guerrero, and Sonora have all imposed bans, joining Argentina, Cuba, Italy, and others. When the Portuguese city of Viana do Castelo banned bullfighting in 2009, its mayor stated, "The defence of animal rights is not compatible with spectacles that torture and impose unjustifiable suffering."

Since most Spaniards shun bullfights, it's unwitting tourists who are keeping the killing going. Some buy a ticket out of curiosity. Others just go along with the events laid out for them in their package deal. By the time an appalled spectator rushes out of the arena in horror, the damage has already been done.

It's hard to believe that bulls are still being stabbed to death for entertainment in 2017.

Would those who participate in the Running of the Bulls still do it if they knew that the bulls are being forced to run toward their own death? Let's hope not.

 

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          By 2100, Refugees Would Be the Most Populous Country on Earth   
Poverty and deadly wars are the major drivers of displacement.

The UN Refugee Agency has announced the new figures for the world’s displaced: 65.9 million. That means that 65.9 million human beings live as refugees, asylum seekers or as internally displaced people. If the refugees formed a country, it would be the 21st largest state in the world, just after Thailand (68.2 million) and just ahead of the United Kingdom (65.5 million). But unlike these other states, refugees have few political rights and no real representation in the institutions of the world.

The head of the UN Refugee Agency, Filippo Grandi, recently said that most of the displacement comes as a result of war. "The world seems to have become unable to make peace," Grandi said. "So you see old conflicts that continue to linger, and new conflicts erupting, and both produce displacement. Forced displacement is a symbol of wars that never end."

Few continents are immune from the harsh reality of war. But the epicenter of war and displacement is along the axis of the Western-driven global war on terror and resource wars. The line of displacement runs from Afghanistan to South Sudan with Syria in between. Eyes are on Syria, where the war remains hot and the tensions over escalation intensify daily. But there is as deadly a civil war in South Sudan, driven in large part by a ferocious desire to control the country’s oil. Last year, 340,000 people fled South Sudan for refugee camps in neighboring Uganda. This is a larger displacement than from Syria.

Poverty is a major driver of displacement. It is what moves hundreds of thousands of people to try and cross the Sahara Desert and then the Mediterranean Sea for European pastures. But most who try this journey meet a deadly fate. Both the Sahara and the Mediterranean are dangerous. This week, the UN’s International Organisation for Migration (IOM) in Niger rescued 600 migrants from the Sahara, although 52 did not survive.

A 22-year-old woman from Nigeria was among those rescued. She was on a pick-up truck with 50 people. They left Agadez for Libya. ‘We were in the desert for ten days,’ she says. "After five days, the driver abandoned us. He left us with all of our belongings, saying he was going to pick us up in a couple of hours. But he never did." Forty-four of the migrants died. The six who remained struggled to safety. ‘We had to drink our own pee to survive,’ she said.

Getting to Libya is hard enough. But being in Libya is perilous. Violence against vulnerable migrants inside Libya continues to occur. The IOM reports the presence in Libya of ‘slave markets.’ Migrants who make it across the Sahara into Libya have told investigators that they find themselves in these slave markets where they are bought to be taken to private prisons and put to work or else sold back to their families if they can raise the high ransom payments. UNICEF reports incidents of rape and violence against women and children in these private prisons. One 15-year-old boy said of his time in a private prison, "Here they treat us like chickens. They beat us, they do not give us good water and good food. They harass us. So many people are dying here, dying from disease, freezing to death."

Danger lurks on the sea as well. This year already IOM reports least 2,108 deaths in the sea between Libya and Italy. This is the fourth year in a row that IOM has counted over 2,000 deaths by mid-year. Over the past five years, this averages out to about 10 deaths a day. Libya, broken by NATO’s war in 2011, remains a gateway for the vulnerable from various parts of Africa, countries damaged by IMF policies and by warfare. There is no expectation that the numbers of those on the march will decrease.

In a recent paper in The Lancet (June 2017), Paul Spiegel, formerly of the UN Refugee Agency suggests that the "humanitarian system was not designed to address the types of conflicts that are happening at present." With over 65 million people displaced, the various institutions of the UN and of the NGO world are simply not capable of managing the crisis.

"It is not simply overstretched," Spiegel wrote of the humanitarian system, "it is no longer fit for purpose."

These are shattering words. One problem Spiegel identifies is the assumption that refugee flows are temporary, since wars will end at some point. What happens when wars and occupations are permanent? People either have to live for generations in refugee camps or they will seek, through dangerous passages, flight to the West. He gives the example of Iran, which absorbed over a million Afghan refugees without using the camp strategy. They simply allowed the Afghans into Iranian society and absorbed them by putting money into their various social schemes (such as education and health). Spiegel also points out that refugees must be part of the designing the process for humanitarian aid. These are good suggestions, but they are not going to be possible with the limited funds available for refugees and with the crisis level of activity that detains the humanitarian agencies.

Spiegel does not deal with one of the great problems for humanitarianism: the persistence of war and the theory that more war—or the current euphemism, security—is the answer to humanitarian crises. This January, over 1,000 people tried to scale the large barrier that divides Morocco from the Spanish enclave of Ceuta. Looking at that barrier, one is reminded of the idea that walls will somehow prevent migration, a view driven by President Donald Trump. Violence met the migrants, a mirror of the violence that was visited among migrants along the spinal cord of Eastern Europe last year. Walls, police forces and military interventions are all seductive to an imagination that forgets why people migrate and that they are human beings on the run with few other options. There is a view that security barriers and security forces will raise the price of migrant and deter future migrants. This is a silly illusion. Migration is dangerous already. That has not stopped anyone. More humane thinking is necessary.

It is important therefore that the UN Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohammed told a meeting on the Sahel on June 28 that the world leaders need to "avoid a disproportionate emphasis on security" when dealing with the multiple crises in the Sahara region and north of it. "No purely military solution" can work against transnational organized crime, violent extremism and terrorism, nor against poverty and hopelessness. Underlying causes are not being addressed, and indeed the surface reactions—to bomb more—only create more problems, not less.

In the July issue of Land Use Policy, professors Charles Geisler and Ben Currens estimate that by 2100 there will be 2 billion refugees as a result of climate change. These numbers are staggering. They are an inevitable future. By then, refugees will be the largest country on earth—nomads, seeking shelter from destruction of climate and capitalism, from rising seas and wars of greed.

 

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          Murder at the National Cathedral (Capital Crimes, #10)   
Murder at the National Cathedral (Capital Crimes, #10)
author: Margaret Truman
name: Carolyn (in SC) C234D
average rating: 3.68
book published: 1990
rating: 3
read at: 2003/06/09
date added: 2017/06/29
shelves: light-mystery
review:
This is the first of this author's books that I have read. Shortly after Mac and Annabel Smith were married, the priest who performed the ceremony was found murdered. A similar crime is committed in England. Are they related? Not a bad mystery.

          7/2/2017: SPORT: Morgan leads Cowboys to victory in capital   

Canberra’s NRL season is on life support after North Queensland consigned them to a fourth straight defeat with a 31-18 win last night. In sub-zero conditions at GIO Stadium, the Cowboys were led by an outstanding performance from halfback Michael...
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          7/2/2017: SPORT: SORRY BILL WILLIAMS   

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          7/2/2017: PUZZLES: TARGETWORD   
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          Motion Industries Austin   



Motion Industries Austin
The event will be an entire week long convention mainly dedicated technical workshops and education discussion and activities. Events that take place, beyond the education you'll get in workshops and be able to use there and as soon as you get home... There will be screenings of the NASA movie, “Money”, Nine Inch Nails movie “Ghost eight”, and Addictive TV's “Slumdog Millionaire Remix” and many more will take place for the festival-goer audience's pleasure and critique.

Please come and pay us more attention, and pay yourself a favor and come out and play as I'm sure you'll enjoy this video motion design convention. In 2009 the festival has already been held in Cambridge, Massachusetts and Chicago, Illinois and is now being held in Austin, Texas.

If you think this is a new event, it all began in 2006 at the Chicago Motion Graphics Festival, moving on becoming an annual event in 2007. And in 2008, the motion graphics Festival was held three times once in Chicago once in Orlando, Florida then once more in Boston, Massachusetts.

This years third venue, Austin has been considered a technology and Internet hot-spot over the last decade were the culture match is the level of technological progression. If you're not from Texas, I hope you're surprised and definitely appreciate and enjoy Austin and the surrounding areas. As the capital of Texas this town adds a flair with some Southern history and hospitality as well as an interesting community. The city and surrounding area has many sites to be seen that will be a great setting for your time away from the festival.

For those not there for the site seeing, but desiring something to do to have a grand ol' time, the city does sleep but there are plenty of places to have a wild time awake, if you're into having a blast after the educational events. Drag some of your fellow festival-goers off to an Austin Sixth Street club or bar to dance and drink the night away.

...And if you're in Austin denizen, check out the events and enjoy the quality movies with those temporarily in your hometown. What would you lose? It's just a seven dollars admission fee. You might lose a good time otherwise and there's no major deterrent from other more local technophiles to make their way down to the shows and there will likely will be a bigger turnout than you and everyone else might expect.
http://mgfest.com/09/Austin/


          Comentario en A quién se espía en una democracia por Eduardo Mendoza   
http://www.ciudadcapital.com.mx/?p=25840
          Nigerian office to leave Taipei   
The Nigeria Trade Office in Taiwan will be forced to relocate outside Taipei following the forced eviction of Taiwanese diplomats from the nations trade mission in Nigerias capital, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs said yesterday.
          Presentan 'El octavo pecado de la capital', dedicado al cine   
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          Analista financiero - Arroyo Capital - Polanco, D. F.   
*Startup Private Equity Fund* Arroyo Capital es un fondo de inversión que busca adquirir y posteriormente administrar una empresa de tamaño mediano en México $4,500 - $6,000 al mes
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          Analista de Reclutamiento y Seleccion - Excelencia en Capital Humano - Polanco, D. F.   
ANALISTA DE ATRACCION DE TALENTO*. Importante empresa de Atracción de Talento solicita:.... $10,000 al mes
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          QA Analyst (6 month Contract) - TMX - Calgary, AB   
Review requirements and designs with internal users and developers. TMX Group is at the heart of the Capital Markets industry in Canada....
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          Area Manager - hopewell capital corporation - Calgary, AB   
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           Tokyo votes in local polls with national consequences    
Tokyo goes to the polls Sunday in a local election that could have national consequences as the capital's governor mounts a challenge to the party of Prime...
           Giles Milton adores the chaos and charm of India’s Jaipur     
The Mail on Sunday's Giles Milton explored the wonders of Jaipur, the capital of Rajasthan in northern India, where highlights included visits to the the stunning Hawa Mahal and the Amer Fort.
          Washington lawmakers continue overtime   
OLYMPIA, Wash. (AP) -- Washington lawmakers will continue their overtime work after efforts to reach agreement on a capital budget ended in acrimony in the Senate overnight....
           France launches two new high-speed rail lines    
RENNES, France, July 1 (Reuters) - France inaugurated two new high-speed rail lines on Saturday linking the capital to the western cities of Bordeaux and...
          Curitiba vai te surpreender! Passagens para a capital paranaense a partir de R$ 209 ida e volta com taxas incluídas!   
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           Canada celebrates 150th birthday with a party, Bono and heavy security    
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          Senior Frontend Engineer - Clarifai - New York, NY   
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          Senior iOS Engineer - Clarifai - New York, NY   
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          Roger Waters - IS THIS THE LIFE WE REALLY WANT?   

1. When We Were Young (1:39)
2. Déjà Vu (4:27)
3. The Last Refugee (4:12)
4. Picture That (6:47)
5. Broken Bones (4:57)
6. Is This the Life We Really Want? (5:55)
7. Bird in a Gale (5:31)
8. The Most Beautiful Girl (3:09)
9. Smell the Roses (5:15)
10. Wait for Her (4:56)
11. Oceans Apart (1:07)
12. Part of Me Died (3:14)

Tengo la mala costumbre, lo sé, de empezar ofreciendo excusas cada vez que analizo un álbum que no se ajusta exactamente al tono estilístico del blog, esto es, cada vez que el disco no tienda a lo instrumental, lo sinfónico o lo electrónico. Conociendo la mayor parte -que no la totalidad- de la obra en solitario de Roger Waters, no pensé que su nuevo álbum fuera a ir más allá de la mera noticia en lo que a su paso por este blog se refiere. Craso error, y los motivos entroncan directamente con lo que me gustaría comentar sobre el disco. Iremos por partes y no me perderé en la retórica.

Roger Waters (de Floydian Slip)

El caso es que Is This the Life We Really Want? ("¿Es esta la vida que realmente queremos?", 2017) es un álbum que surge de tres necesidades que parece tener su autor. La primera es la muy probable necesidad de tener material nuevo que presentar en directo, continuando con una larga racha en la que Waters se ha hecho de oro presentando versiones espectaculares de sus trabajos dentro de Pink Floyd, especialmente The Wall. La segunda necesidad viene del conocido compromiso del músico con numerosas causas pacifistas y anticapitalistas, cuando no directamente antisistema. El nuevo álbum es un desparrame de bilis contra el actual estado de las cosas en el mundo, nuestras vidas en exceso organizadas, nuestras convenciones burguesas y conservadoras. En mas de un momento, Waters no duda en usar lenguaje malsonante (Picture That) para expresar lo mucho que le gustaría echarse a la calle para tirar piedras a la autoridad, cuando no habla directamente (Déjà Vu) de lo mucho que le fastidia no tener ya edad para hacerlo.

Déjà Vu

Mencioné una tercera necesidad del músico para que exista este nuevo álbum, y a muchos no les gustará lo que van a leer. Creo que Roger Waters quería volver a sonar como Pink Floyd. Quería sonar como aquella banda, una de las más aclamadas de la historia, en aquellos tiempos en los que iban todos a una, antes de que todo saltara por los aires, en gran medida, a causa de las ansias de protagonismo de uno de sus miembros: el propio Waters. Las asperezas se han limado, y su excompañero y archienemigo David Gilmour ha llegado a cantar con él de nuevo por puro placer. Pelillos a la mar. Pero puede hacerse una lectura un tanto patética en los esfuerzos que hace este álbum por recrear u "homenajear" los ambientes de mitos como Meddle, The Dark Side of the Moon o el propio The Wall (todo está cuajado de grabaciones de radio y TV y efectos sonoros). No vale decir que todo es cosa del productor Nigel Godrich (habitual de Radiohead y gurú del post-rock) y su gusto por aquellos años dorados hoy tan vintage, porque una figura de la talla de Waters siempre va a tener la última palabra en cada portada que firme.

Smell the Roses

Especialmente dolorosos son los momentos en los que los solos de guitarra eléctrica quieren y no no pueden sonar como los de Gilmour, y sobre todo los fragmentos en los que los arreglos de teclado quieren y no pueden sonar como los del añorado Rick Wright. Recordemos que el mítico teclista fue literalmente expulsado de la banda y sustituido por una orquesta en The Final Cut porque, según Waters, no era lo bastante bueno para hacer lo que él quería. Is This the Life We Really Want? es el intento desesperado y no muy afortunado de Roger Waters por volver a un pasado ya irrecuperable, un Pink Floyd sin Pink y sin Floyd.

Diseño de la edición en vinilo.

Esto no significa que no recomiende el álbum, porque los aficionados al progresivo y a los Pink Floyd clásicos con menos remilgos disfrutarán como enanos. Por este motivo he querido comentar el álbum en el blog. A esto me refería al principio. Hay un gran trabajo de producción detrás de cada tema (Bird in a Gale es todo un despliegue cósmico), y Waters se ha currado tanto las letras (me ha impresionado en especial el tema homónimo al álbum) como la interpretación, con esa peculiar voz suya de cantautor cazallero. El disco se escucha con mucho agrado pese a sus referencias fallidas, y siempre podrá esgrimirse en su defensa -como ya han hecho algunos críticos- aquello de que Waters ha querido demostrar que se siente cómodo con su pasado. Ya sea entendido como homenaje, autoafirmación o revival por razones comerciales, Is This the Life We Really Want? merece como poco un par de escuchas, aunque sea por el gusto de criticarlo.

          The Cubical - Blood Moon   
The Cubical doet haar afkomst eer aan. Een hardwerkende band uit working class capital Liverpool. De band toert er flink op los en Blood Moon is alweer hun vierde CD sinds ze in 2010 debuteerden met Come Sing These Crippled Tunes.
          general labourer - manufacturing - Frankor Capital Corporation - Cambridge, ON   
Assist machine operators, assemblers and other workers; Sort, pack, crate and package materials and products; Perform other labouring and elemental activities;... $15 - $17 an hour
From Canadian Job Bank - Fri, 02 Jun 2017 18:26:59 GMT - View all Cambridge, ON jobs
          Qué son las acciones y cómo analizarlas   
Una acción representa una parte alícuota del capital social de una empresa, entendiendo por capital social el valor de las aportaciones de los socios. Es decir, las acciones confieren a su poseedor la condición de propietario y como tal, un accionista tiene derechos como el derecho de voto en junta o el derecho de participar en los beneficios.
          Manager Project Delivery   
VIC-Victoria, The Manager Project Delivery is responsible ensuring that all capital works are delivered in accordance with GWMWater’s corporate planning and contract management systems. They are responsible for ensuring the appropriate permits and contract are in place prior to commencing works and throughout the course of the works. They are responsible for ensuring the appropriate emergency management systems
          Collections Specialist - Delstar Capital Inc - Buffalo, NY   
We currently offer up to $15.00 per hr after a 2 week Commission Base Pay Rate. We are looking for highly motivated Experience Collectors to join our Winning... $15 an hour
From Indeed - Thu, 29 Jun 2017 18:01:56 GMT - View all Buffalo, NY jobs
          ¿MALDAD O DEMENCIA ?   
¿Maldad o Demencia? “Todas las intenciones lícitas y ecuánimes son de por sí equilibradas y mesuradas; de lo contrario, se tornan sediciosas e ilícitas”. Michel de Montaigne Cuando el sábado Cristina Elizabet Fernández decidió postularse como candidata a senadora por la Provincia de Buenos Aires (al negarle la interna a Florencio Randazzo consiguió quitarse el “pre”) me pregunté qué la había movido a hacerlo. En el mundo de la política todo, absolutamente todo, es posible pero el grado de probabilidad de su ocurrencia depende de la mirada de quien lo evalúe o de hechos reales y concretos; los tiempos están llenos de “cisnes negros”. Es probable que la viuda de Kirchner salga tercera y, de tal modo, no acceda a la banca que pretende; si fuera así, si no lograra entrar, habría confirmado que se trata de un cadáver político. Y esa probabilidad crecerá geométricamente si se cuela en el imaginario de los intendentes que aún se proclaman leales a su liderazgo; como siempre, estarán dispuestos a acompañarla hasta la puerta del cementerio, pero no a enterrarse con ella. Entonces, otra vez, ¿por qué lo hizo? ¿Por los fueros parlamentarios, tan mal entendidos entre nosotros? Tampoco, ya que los hubiera obtenido más fácilmente postulándose como diputada, cargo para el cual sus probabilidades de ingresar al Congreso llegarían, sin duda, al cien por ciento. Por lo demás, esa autoprotección e impunidad que se han concedido nuestros legisladores, en contra del sentido de su origen, que sólo buscaba garantizar la libertad de expresión en el ejercicio del mandato parlamentario, cede cuando los jueces lo requieren y la Cámara a que integra el imputado lo conceden, con una mayoría especial. Pero, en tren de imaginar probabilidades, también es razonable pensar que esa cantidad de senadores, hartos de Cristina, de su corrupción desaforada y de sus modos autoritarios, y hasta en defensa propia, podría lograrse más fácilmente a partir del 10 de diciembre, claro, si al menos saliera segunda en la elección provincial. ¿Lo hizo, tal vez, para asustar a los jueces que la tienen contra las cuerdas con el fantasma de la restauración de su régimen? Puede haber sido, pero sería una jugada muy corta, ya que en octubre estará totalmente definida. El país, finalmente, ha conseguido empezar a salir de la depresión en que ingresara, precisamente, por el populismo que impulsó y justificó la aplicación de la política económica del kirchnerismo, una crisis que el Gobierno se abstuvo de denunciar al asumir. Pero el comienzo del fin del horrendo sacrificio que esas locas medidas impusieron a los argentinos y que implicaron una herencia de 30% de pobreza y 40% de inflación anual, amén de haber dejado exangüe al Banco Central, no resulta óbice para que la ahora candidata quiera destruirlo todo otra vez. ¿Por qué lo hace? ¿Todavía no está satisfecha con lo que robó a tantos, mientras los condenaba a la miseria y a la desnutrición? Con cualquiera de los “negocios” que saltan a la luz todos los días, se podría haber dado agua y cloacas a muchos de los enclaves más terribles del Conurbano, amén de construir allí escuelas y hospitales. Me refiero, precisamente, a esos en los cuales campea el tráfico de drogas y la violencia que lo circunda, producto de la sociedad que armó su régimen con los grandes carteles mexicanos, peruanos y bolivianos. Esta semana, Cristina nuevamente ha desatado la confrontación en la calle y, de continuar con el método de los encapuchados y de los palos, es más que probable que haya muertos, desangrados en el altar que cuida tan celosamente esta diosa malvada y, con seguridad, imputados al accionar represivo de un Gobierno que ha dado muestras de una absurda tolerancia, que tanto rechazo ha producido entre sus mismos adherentes. Pero que no se equivoque, porque ni Mauricio Macri, ni María Eugenia Vidal ni Horacio Rodríguez Larreta son comparables a Eduardo Duhalde frente a la muerte de Kosteki y Santillán. ¿Pretende, entonces, llevar al país a una guerra civil o, al menos, a un estado de conmoción interna? Si lo intentara demostraría que está totalmente loca, porque a los violentos que pudieran hoy intentar un disparate semejante las fuerzas de seguridad los sacarían de la calle a sopapos. ¿Y para qué lo haría?, ¿qué obtendría con ello? Desde ya, no la recuperación del poder porque al menos el 70% de nuestros connacionales tiene una pésima opinión de ella, y tampoco dispone de elementos que pudieran asegurarle el férreo y desalmado control de la realidad, como sucede en Venezuela. El mundo ha cambiado mucho desde el ábside del poder kirchnerista, cuando Cristina obtuvo el 54% de los votos en 2011. Sus principales compañeros de ruta, como Hugo Chávez Frías y Fidel Castro Ruz, han muerto; otros, como Luis Inácio Lula da Silva, Dilma Rousseff, Rafael Correa y Mahmoud Ahmadineyad han dejado ya el poder; mientras Daniel Ortega, Raúl Castro Ruz y Evo Morales se encaminan a una segura decadencia final. También se ha modificado muy gravemente en su contra el mundo financiero, que se ha hartado de la corrupción de empresas y funcionarios, y ahora lucha arduamente contra el lavado de dinero. Su viaje a Angola, a cambiar los billetes de € 500, que su miserable marido muerto gustaba coleccionar para tocar y entrar en éxtasis, por diamantes de sangre, tampoco parece ya tan fácil de replicar. Hace unos años, se hubiera podido exiliar en alguno de los países que, según declamaba, le hubiera gustado hacernos imitar; debo reconocer que nunca creí en esta opción, porque no es lo mismo pasearse con carteras Louis Vuitton por Nueva York o Paris que hacerlo en Caracas, Managua o Teherán. Hoy, ni siquiera esos destinos le resultarían asequibles, ya que en todos ellos impera la violencia más desenfrenada y el aroma a calas marchitas impregna el ambiente. ¿Qué caminos quedan, entonces, a nuestra destronada emperatriz patagónica? Difícil decirlo, a pesar de estar convencido de que todos sus bienes inmuebles en la Argentina son una mera muestra de su verdadero capital en el exterior. Mientras lo decide, seguirá haciendo de las suyas aquí, tratando de reconstruir un pasado imposible que ya se le ha ido de las manos; por lo demás, tampoco está dispuesta a empeñar su fortuna mal habida en arriesgadas jugadas políticas ni, mucho menos aún, en recomprar la voluntad de los votantes que la han abandonado. Bs.As., 1 Jul 17 Enrique Guillermo Avogadro Abogado Tel. (+5411) ò (011) 4807 4401/02 Cel. en Argentina (+54911) o (15) 4473 4003
          Fundraising campaign exceeds all expectations   
Aalto University`s fundraising campaign has received a total of 23.5 million euros in donations. Our warmest thanks to all those who donated!

Kollaasi_fb_shared_700x525px.png

The aim of the government-supported campaign that launched in 2015 was to raise 20 million euros as monetary donations and further increase the number of Aalto University supporters. The Finnish government will match the donations by an estimated factor of 1 to 1.5. The government's supplementary funding and exact matching factor will be announced at a later date. The campaign ends on 30 June 2017.

‘I want to extend my warmest thank to all those who donated. In a short amount of time, Aalto University has generated much international interest, and these donations will help us address global and national challenges in a more effective way. With high-quality research and by educating a new generation of experts, we can create more work, economic growth and wellbeing for Finland,’ notes Ilkka Niemelä, who will become the President of Aalto University on 1 July.

The Heart Campus campaign, which was part of the The Future is Made Today campaign, was aimed at the students and staff of Aalto University. Almost 100 people participated by sharing their own stories or photos and by donating 26,000 euros in total.

Donations help build the future

The campaign allowed donors to target their donations to the University's activities in general or to one of three fields: business, art and design, or technology.

Aalto University focuses on top-quality research and teaching. Supporting the enthusiasm of our students and preparing them for future working life are our most important objectives.

The donations will become part of Aalto University's capital. The donations will be added to the University's funds and invested in capital markets in accordance with the University's investment strategy.

The additional funding generated by this capital income will help the University to remain economically independent and improve the University's capacity for directing resources towards strategic focus areas and develop its activities as a top university. In the coming years, the capital gains will be used to cover around 5 % of the University's annual operating budget.

Donations are still tax-deductible

Aalto University will continue its fundraising even after this current matched-funding campaign. Donations are still tax-deductible for at least the end of this year for private donors as well as companies and organisations. To be eligible for a tax deduction, the donation must amount to at least 850 euros per year and it can be given in several instalments throughout the year.

 

Aalto University was founded in January 2010 by merging together Finland’s top universities of design, economics and technology. Between 2008 and 2011, Aalto University received a total of approximately 200 million euros in capital as donations from Finnish companies, organisations and private persons. The government granted the university 2.5 times this sum in government capitalisation. This fundraising helped the University accumulate an endowment capital of a total of approximately 700 million euros.

The accumulation of the University's endowment capital was ensured by the Federation of Finnish Technology Industries, the Technology Industries of Finland Centennial Foundation, Liikesivistysrahaston kannatusyhdistys ry, Teollisuuden ja työnantajain Keskusliiton (TT) -säätiö, Academic Engineers and Architects in Finland (TEK), The Finnish Business School Graduates and the Confederation of Finnish Industries EK.

 

Further information:
Ilkka Niemelä, President from 1 July, president@aalto.fi
Coordinator Pirjo Peippo-Lavikka, tel. +358 50 512 2496.


          Capitals Sign Anthony Peluso   
The Washington Capitals have signed free agent winger Anthony Peluso to a one-year, two-way contract. The Capitals PR team announced the deal at the start of free agency Saturday. RELEASE: #Caps Sign Anthony Peluso https://t.co/Vt1KD8avAQ — CapitalsPR (@CapitalsPR) July 1, 2017 The 28-year-old winger didn’t play any games in the NHL last season but has […]
          User: join   
topazelite1 Tìm hiểu hệ thống các tiện ích tại khu chung cư Topaz Elite quận 8 Một công trình bất động sản thành công, ngoài các yếu tố về vị trí, quy mô hay nhà thầu xây dựng thì không thể không kể đến những tiện ích giúp cho công trình đó có thể sử dụng. Hệ thống các tiện ích sẽ là tiêu chí để nhiều cư dân đánh giá chất lượng và sự vượt trội của công trình này so với các công trình khác. https://giahungland.vn/du-an/du-can-ho-topaz-elite-quan-8-cdt-van-thai-tai-sao-nong/ Nắm bắt được xu hướng cũng như tầm quan trong của yếu tố này, ngay từ khi xây dựng bản vẽ, chung cư Topaz Elite quận 8 đã tạo nên hệ thống những điểm nhấn mang tên tiện ích xuyên suốt công trình. Nhằm mang đến cho bạn những thông tin đầy đủ và chính xác nhất về dự án căn hộ mang tên Topaz Elite tại quận 8, thành phố Hồ Chí Minh trong những phân tích dưới đây sẽ mang đến cho bạn cái nhìn toàn cảnh về các tiện ích mà chung cơ Topaz Elite quận 8 đang sở hữu.   Chung cư Elite quận 8- trải nghiệm tiện ích ngay tầm tay   Dự án căn hộ Topaz Elite Quận 8 do Vạn Thái Land đứng ra làm chủ đầu tư là một trong những dự án bất động sản có vị thế vàng hiếm có còn sót lại giữa trung tâm thành phố. Không những vậy, với những thông tin mà chủ đầu tư này công bố về hệ thống các tiện ích, các khách hàng hoàn toàn có quyền tin tưởng về một không gian sống mà tiện ích ngay ngưỡng cửa. Theo đó, chung cư Topaz Elite quận 8  sở hữu hệ thống 66 tiện ích trong tổ hợp nội khu. Điều đặc biệt là các tiện ích này được sắp xếp xen kẽ với không gian xanh tạo nên môi trường sống cực kì lí tưởng và thỏa mãn: khu vườn 4 mùa ở 4 lối vào khu căn hộ, khu café ốc đảo Elite Oasis, hồ bơi Elite Pool có diện tích lên đến 600m2 lấy cảm hứng từ dòng nước xanh ngắt của Đại Tây Dương, quảng trường ánh sáng, khu vườn thiền trên không Elite Sky Zen Garden, vườn treo, tiệc nước BBQ ngoài trời quá đã, hệ thống trường mầm non quốc tế đạt chuẩn... Thêm vào đó, để tạo sự khác biệt với các dự án trước đây trong chuỗi căn hộ mang tên Topaz, Vạn Thái Land đã ký kết bản hợp tác chiến lược với Realty Link - đơn vị quản lý bất động sản của Singapore, hiện là đơn vị quản lý dự án The Krista và Parc Spring của Capital Land để có thể hoàn chỉnh hệ thống tiện ích của mình nhất. Theo Vạn Thái chung cư Topaz Elite quận 8 là dự án cao cấp nhất được chủ đầu tư này đầu tư tỉ mỉ và dành nhiều tâm huyết với tiện ích đẳng cấp, mang đến cho cư dân sẽ sinh sống tại nơi đây trong tương lai những trải nghiêm thượng lưu với giá hợp lý.   Một vài tiện ích tiêu biểu trong chuỗi hệ thống tiện ích tại Topaz Elite quận 8 - Khu vườn với cảnh quan 4 mùa quanh năm Bước chân vào chung cư Topaz Elite quận 8 là bạn đang bước chân ra khỏi sự ồn ào khói bụi bên ngoài của thành phố. Thay vào đó là một cảnh quan cực kì lạ mắt và độc đáo với 4 khu vườn theo phong cách 4 mùa Xuân, Hạ, Thu, Đông xanh mát quanh năm được sắp xếp tại 4 cổng vào khu căn hộ. Bạn sẽ bắt gặp những lối đi bộ ngập tràn cây xanh và hoa hay những khu lều với dây leo rũ xuống nơi bạn có thể dừng chân thưởng thức một tách trà hay đọc một cuốn sách để tận hưởng sự thư thái trong từng hơi thở. Thiết kế này là một trong những điểm nhấn tại khuôn viên của Elite quận 8. -         Khu trung tâm thương mại Elite Mall đẳng cấp Nếu bạn đang tìm kiếm một không gian có thể thỏa mãn thú vui mua sắm thì khu trung tâm thương mại với mặt sàn hơn 40000 m2 sẽ là lựa chọn không thể bỏ qua. Elite Mall là nơi hội tụ của hơn 200 thương hiệu quần áo, dày dép, thiết bị điện tử từ các thương hiệu nổi tiếng được nhập khẩu trực tiếp. Thêm vào đó, sảnh ánh sáng ngay tại lối vào trung tâm Elite Mall là nơi thường xuyên diễn ra những sự kiện chung của cộng đồng như: triển lãm nghệ thuật cộng đồng, các hoạt động vui chơi giải trí. -         Nếu bạn yêu thích thể thao thì không gian tại Topaz Elite cũng có đầy đủ các trang thiết bị như : sân tennis, sân bóng ngoài trời, hệ thống máy tập thể thao ngoài trời giúp bạn vừa tận hưởng thiên nhiên tươi xanh vừa có thể rèn luyện sức khỏe một cách sảng khoái và thư giãn. -         Ngoài ra, trong hệ thống tiện ích nội khu còn bao gồm đầy đủ chuỗi: siêu thị, rạp chiếu phim, khu ăn uống, café terrace… -         Hệ thống nghỉ dưỡng làm đẹp đẳng cấp và hiện đại Không chỉ phục vụ nhu cầu cơ bản của con người, Vạn Thái còn hướng đến những giá trị tầm cao với mục tiêu chăm sóc cuộc sống của cư dân toàn diện và hoàn mĩ nhất. Và nghỉ dưỡng chính là nội dụng quan trọng giúp cuộc sống của bạn cần bằng và tái tạo sức khỏe để bổ sung nguồn năng lượng sau những giờ làm việc căng thẳng. Chính vì vậy, trung tâm chăm sóc sắc đẹp Elite Beauty Center được hình thành  với đầy đủ các dịch vụ khép kín như : trang điểm, spa, nail, làm tóc,.. cho phái nữ những phút giây thư giãn tuyệt đối. Một vài tiện ích tiêu biểu trên đây hi vọng có thể mang đến cho bạn thêm hiểu về dòng sản phẩm chung cư Topaz Elite quận 8 của Vạn Thái. Hãy lựa chọn căn hộ tại nơi đây để có thể tận hưởng cuộc sống đáng mơ ước nhất hiện nay.  Gia hung land
          Blackrock Capital Investment (BKCC) Trades at $7.45 After Triangle, DE Shaw & Company Cut By $21.18 Million Its ... - Herald KS   

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Blackrock Capital Investment (BKCC) Trades at $7.45 After Triangle, DE Shaw & Company Cut By $21.18 Million Its ...
Herald KS
D-E Shaw & Company Inc decreased Old Dominion Fght Lines Inc (Put) (ODFL) stake by 96.25% reported in 2016Q4 SEC filing. D-E Shaw & Company Inc sold 249,199 shares as Old Dominion Fght Lines Inc (Put) (ODFL)'s stock declined 6.90%. The D-E ...
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          Governador entrega licenças ambientais para empreendimentos turísticos em Nobres.   
Segundo site da SEMA, o governador de Mato Grosso, Pedro Taques, e a secretária de Estado de Meio Ambiente, Ana Luiza Peterlini, entregaram nesta sexta-feira (24.04), às 9h, na Escola Estadual Zeferino Dornellis, no distrito de Bom Jardim, município de Nobres (142 km a médio norte da capital), licenças ambientais a empreendimentos turísticos da região. 
Este é o primeiro passo para regulamentar o uso dos recursos naturais de forma sustentável na zona de amortecimento do Parque Estadual da Gruta da Lagoa Azul, que abrange grutas e cavernas de formações calcárias, lagoas de águas azuis cristalinas, com presença de estalactites, estalagmites, que são um patrimônio de grande importância cultural e cênica.
O coordenador de Serviços da Superintendência de infraestrutura, Mineração, Indústria e Serviços da Sema, Pedro Barreto, explica que o processo de licenciamento se iniciou entre 2005 e 2006, mas, em razão de questões fundiárias, já que a maioria dos empreendimentos está em área de assentamento rural da União, levou mais tempo que o normal para ser finalizado. Tiveram papel decisivo nessa conquista o Ministério Público do Estado e a Prefeitura Municipal de Nobres. "Como não há nenhum impedimento ambiental, nós resolvemos unir esforços para resolver a questão que beneficia inúmeras famílias e promover o desenvolvimento sustentável da região".

O distrito de Bom Jardim é conhecido internacionalmente pelas suas belezas naturais, que compreendem: a cachoeira Serra Azul, o balneário Rio Estivado, o Recanto Ecológico Lagoa Azul, a Lagoa das Araras e Aquário Encantado. Locais onde os turistas, além do turismo de contemplação, têm acesso a várias modalidades do ecoturismo, como boia cross, tirolesa, flutuação, trilhas e banho. A proposta é potencializar desenvolvimento sustentável da região por meio do turismo, a exemplo do que ocorre em Campos de Jordão (SP), Gramado (RS) e Bonito (MS).
Serviço
Evento: Entrega de licenças ambientais a empreendimentos no distrito de Bom Jardim, Nobres.
Data/horário: 24.04 (sexta-feira), às 9h
Local: Escola Estadual Zeferino Dornellis



          Os lucros da produção sustentável    
Giovana Girardi, de O Estado de S.Paulo

Estudo feito com Monsanto e Natura mostra que a produção de soja e dendê aliada à proteção ambiental garante valor até 200% maior .
Qual é o impacto de substituir uma vegetação nativa pela produção agrícola? A pergunta, geralmente respondida com uma lista de conhecidos benefícios que as florestas prestam para a sociedade e para a própria agricultura, acaba de ganhar uma explicação mais concreta: um valor.

Não preservar o ambiente pode causar prejuízos reais ao produtor. É o que mostra o projeto Teeb (Economia dos Ecossistemas e Biodiversidade) para o Setor de Negócios Brasileiro, que estabeleceu uma valoração para os serviços ambientais - ou para o "capital natural", como eles chamam - em dois estudos de caso: um com a Monsanto e outro com a Natura.
O trabalho, coordenado pela ONG Conservação Internacional (CI-Brasil) e baseado no modelo do Teeb global, considerou diferentes práticas agrícolas na produção de soja e de óleo de palma (dendê) em estudos pilotos nas plantações das duas empresas.
Ao considerar nos cálculos o valor da biodiversidade e dos serviços que ela presta, como proteger o solo da erosão ou garantir a oferta de água, o valor da produção nos cenários em que houve adequação ao ambiente foi maior do que na situação tradicional de cultivo - o chamado "business as usual".
No caso da Natura, os pesquisadores compararam os dados de um hectare de monocultura de palmeira de dendê, de onde se extrai o óleo de palma, com os de um hectare de um sistema agroflorestal, que combina árvores nativas, como cacau e maracujá, com os dendezeiros. Ambos localizados no Pará.
No cenário agroflorestal, o valor ambiental total da produção - calculado pela diferença entre os ganhos prestados pelos serviços florestais e os impactos ao ambiente e à sociedade provocados pela cultura plantada - foi 200% maior que na versão "business as usual".
No estudo da Monsanto, realizado no oeste da Bahia, comparou-se um hectare de terra coberto só com a monocultura de soja com um outro em que a cultura convive com o Cerrado - bioma hoje mais ameaçado do Brasil e também por onde a soja mais se expande. Neste segundo cenário, baseado na proporção definida pelo Código Florestal - 80% de área cultivada e 20% de Reserva Legal -, o valor ambiental foi 11% maior que no cenário só com a monocultura.
Visibilidade. "A vantagem desse trabalho é trazer à tona um valor que até então era invisível, mas que é fundamental nas análises de risco da empresa. Está cada vez maior a expectativa de que se comece a cobrar pela poluição gerada por uma produção. Isso eventualmente pode ser colocado nos cálculos da compensação ambiental", afirma a bióloga Helena Pavese, coordenadora do projeto na CI.
"Mas não é só uma questão de impactos. As empresas utilizam o capital natural como base para seus negócios. Mudanças na oferta e qualidade deste capital afetam seu desempenho. Com esta abordagem de valoração, pudemos mostrar em cifras, e não tanto quantitativamente, como a biodiversidade e os serviços ecossistêmicos são importantes para a empresa."
Uma das expectativas do trabalho é que os resultados possam eventualmente ser incorporados nos processos decisórios das empresas. É o que planeja a gerente de responsabilidade social, corporativa e de sustentabilidade da Monsanto, Daniela Mariouzzo, que coordenou o trabalho na empresa.
"Não é de hoje que se discute como produzir mais alimentos, preservar a natureza e que isso seja viável economicamente no longo prazo. Como beneficiar todos os envolvidos nisso? A resposta passa por trazer algo concreto para a mesa. Acho que esse estudo é um começo para o debate. Mas ainda não é algo completamente consolidado", diz.
"Os números traduzem o que já se conhece na prática: produzir soja sem o Cerrado afeta o clima, a polinização, a conservação da água. E trazem mais argumentos para debater com todos os atores." Ela afirma que o próximo passo é trabalhar mais o estudo dentro da empresa, principalmente com outros setores, como o de avaliação de riscos, e com os produtores rurais.
Mais a longo prazo, a ideia é usar esse tipo de informação para desenvolver um mecanismo que remunere os produtores que preservem o Cerrado. Por lei, eles já são obrigados a isso, e quem não cumpre tem de se regularizar. "Mas podemos pensar numa forma de pagar quem quiser proteger além do que manda a legislação", defende.
Cadeia. Na Natura, o estudo se inseriu em um processo mais amplo - iniciado em 2010 e já incorporado na decisão dos negócios -, que prevê avaliar toda a cadeia de suprimentos, da extração da matéria-prima à entrega do produto ao consumidor. Em relação ao óleo de palma, matéria-prima para a produção de sabonetes, a empresa vinha buscando a alternativa do sistema agroflorestal há cinco anos em parceria com a Embrapa.
"Já sabíamos que havia uma viabilidade técnica, em escala pequena, mas não sabíamos o valor disso. Só do ponto de vista econômico, a monocultura parece mais eficiente, uma vez que tem produtividade alta por causa da mecanização. Mas o estudo mostrou outros valores ambientais e sociais que o modelo tradicional não olha", diz Luciana Vila Nova, gerente de sustentabilidade da Natura. No futuro, diz ela, a ideia é conseguir mostrar o valor ambiental de cada produto da empresa.
ENTENDA COMO FOI FEITO O CÁLCULO
Para fazer o cálculo do valor ambiental da produção de soja e de óleo de palma, os pesquisadores compilaram uma série de estudos já disponíveis na literatura científica que, individualmente, já haviam aplicado um valor monetário às quantidades físicas de capital natural.
O número estimado para um hectare de cada cenário foi obtido com a soma dos serviços ecossistêmicos subtraídos da soma dos impactos. Contam como serviços a capacidade de provimento (de alimento, água doce, madeira, combustível, fibras e outros recursos) e de regulação (do clima, da água e o controle da erosão) daquele ambiente. Como impactos agrícolas diretos são considerados poluição do ar e da água e emissões de gases de efeito estufa.
Também foram levados em conta valores de mercado, quando eles já existem, como é o caso da madeira e de créditos de carbono. Por exemplo: o preço do carbono, segundo o relatório Stern do governo britânico, taxado em R$ 233 por tonelada de dióxido de carbono (CO2) equivalente, foi usado para valorar as emissões de gases de efeito estufa.
No estudo da Natura, o valor ambiental total obtido com os sistemas agroflorestais com óleo de palma é três vezes maior do que aquele obtido com a monocultura do óleo de palma – R$ 410.853 por hectare, contra R$ 122.253 por hectare, durante a vida útil de 25 anos da plantação. Esse resultado foi obtido principalmente porque os impactos da monocultura são quatro vezes o impacto dos sistemas agroflorestais.
Na Monsanto, o valor da produção de soja aliada à conservação do Cerrado é 11% maior que a monocultura de soja – respectivamente R$ 1.139 por hectare ao ano, contra R$ 1.031.
O modelo adotado no estudo foi baseado no Teeb global, lançado em 2010 pelo economista indiano Pavan Sukhdev em parceria com o Programa das Nações Unidas para o Ambiente. O estudo estimou que o custo anual da perda da biodiversidade fica entre US$ 2 trilhões e US$ 4,5 trilhões.

http://economia.estadao.com.br/noticias/economia-brasil,os-lucros-da-producao-sustentavel,179721,0.htm
          Government of Canada invests in Nova Scotia's clean technology sector   
...570 million in working capital to support clean technology producers • $450 million in additional project finance for clean technology producers • Budget 2017 also commits $400 million to recapitalize Sustainable Development Technology Canada's SD Tech Fund , which supports the development and ...


          Desaparece en Guerrero nieta de notario cercano a Astudillo   

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO (proceso.com.mx).- La nieta del notario público 2, Emilio Ortiz Uribe, personaje cercano al PRI y al gobernador Héctor Astudillo Flores, fue reportada como desaparecida en la capital de la entidad. Autoridades ministeriales emitieron ayer la alerta Amber Guerrero para difundir la desaparición de la adolescente de 17 años, identificada como Karina Alejandra. [...]

La entrada Desaparece en Guerrero nieta de notario cercano a Astudillo aparece primero en Proceso.


          Выводок / The Hatching (2016) DVDRip   

Категория: Фильмы / AVI
Размер: 1.37 GB
Траффик: Раздают (отдают): 8,346, Скачивают (качают): 4,328
Добавлен: 2017-07-02 01:05:27
Описание: Информация о фильме
Название: Выводок
Оригинальное название: Thе Hаtсhіng
Год выпуска: 2016
Жанр: Ужасы, фэнтези, комедия
Режиссер: Майкл Андерсон
В ролях: Эндрю Ли Поттс, Джек МакКаллен, Эбигейл Хэмилтон, Джорджия Хеншоу

О фильме: Еще будучи подростком герой фильма вместе с друзьями решили похитить из ближайшего зоопарка яйца крокодила. Затея почти удалась, но от яиц пришлось избавиться. Прошло время и уже выросший Тим Уэббер возвращается жить в места, где провел детство. Как раз в это время начинают пропадать местные жители. Не сложно догадаться, что из выкраденных яиц тогда вылупились крокодилы и теперь настало время им полакомиться человечиной, а герою — встретиться со страхами детства…

Выпущено: Великобритания, Creativity Capital, Sabre Films
Продолжительность: 01:30:50
Перевод: Любительский одноголосый (Васька Куролесов) по переводу gordana75

Файл
Качество: DVDRip
Видео: XviD, 1959 Кбит/с, 720х304
Аудио: АС3, 2 ch, 192 Кбит/с
          Dozens of Silicon Valley women come forward to detail ‘pervasive and ingrained’ sexual harassment   
A new report from the New York Times details the experiences of more than two dozen women who have been sexually harassed while seeking venture capital investment for their tech startups in California’s Silicon Valley — and the report reveals a “pervasive and ingrained” cultu...
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La firma de capital riesgo fundada por Andy Rubin destinará este capital para el fondo Playground Ventures Affiliates II.
          Shattenkirk comes home, signs 4-year deal with NY Rangers The Associated Press   

photo

FILE - In this March 23, 2017, file photo, Washington Capitals defenseman Kevin Shattenkirk (22) passes the puck during the third period of an NHL hockey game against the Columbus Blue Jackets in Washington. The New York Rangers have signed the top free agent on the market, defenseman Kevin Shattenkirk, on Saturday, july 1, 2017. (AP Photo/Nick Wass, File)



          Carolina brings back Williams, key member of '06 Cup team The Associated Press   

photo

FILE - In this Jan. 13, 2017, file photo, Washington Capitals right wing Justin Williams (14) looks on during the third period of an NHL hockey game against the Chicago Blackhawks in Washington. The Carolina Hurricanes opened free agency Saturday, Jauly 1, 2017, by bringing back 35-year-old forward Justin Williams on a two-year deal worth $9 million. (AP Photo/Nick Wass, File)



          Cinedigm Sells Majority Ownership Stake to Hong Kong’s Bison Capital in $40 Million Deal   
Cinedigm — landing a deal to bring in much-needed financing to pay down its debt — has agreed to sell majority equity ownership to Bison Capital, a Hong Kong-based investment firm. Under the terms of the deal, Cinedigm will sell Bison Capital 20 million shares of Class A common stock for up to $30 million.... Read more »
          Bulacan massacre suspect tests negative for drugs   
The man who confessed to the massacre of a family in San Jose del Monte City in Bulacan last Tuesday tested negative for drug use, dousing lawmen's hopes of turning him into a poster boy for capital punishment.   Construction worker Carmelino Ibaez, 26, had earlier claimed he was on drugs when he killed Estrella Carlos, her mother Aurora Dizon and Carlos' three children Donnie, 11; Ella, 7; and 1-year-old Dexter Jr. before dawn of June 27.   Carlos, 28, and her 58-year-old mother appeared to have been raped.   "I regret what I did. I was hooked on drugs," Ibaez said in Filipino when he was presented to media on Thursday.   Argument for deat...

Keep on reading: Bulacan massacre suspect tests negative for drugs
          Sébékoro dans le cercle de kita : Un agent de santé et une fillette tombent dans un puits la veille de la fête !   

La fête de ramadan a été célébrée avec faste dans la capitale malienne sauf dans le village de Sébécoro dans le cercle de Kita. Pour cause, une petite fille et l’agent de santé de ladite localité sont tombés dans un puits. Du coup, c’est un deuil qui a été célébré...

The post Sébékoro dans le cercle de kita : Un agent de santé et une fillette tombent dans un puits la veille de la fête ! appeared first on Bamada.net.


          Senior Project Manager - Colliers Project Leaders - Yukon   
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          Technology Facilities Leader - Brownsburg, QC - Orica - Quebec   
Adept in financial management of both fixed costs and capital investments. This role has prime responsibility for upkeep and maintenance of all land,...
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          25 shot, 3 others injured at Little Rock nightclub; no apparent connection to terror   
iStock/Thinkstock(LITTLE ROCK, Ark.) — At least 25 people were shot in a nightclub in Little Rock, Arkansas, early Saturday morning and three others suffered unrelated injuries, police said. One of the injured was initially listed in critical condition, but later updated to stable after the shooting at Power Ultra Lounge in the state’s capital city around 2:30 a.m. CT. The other injuries did not appear to be life-threatening, according to the Little Rock Police Department. The wounded were transported to various hospitals in the area. Later Saturday morning, the Little Rock Police Department wrote on Twitter: “At this time, all are expected to survive.” #UPDATE our victim in the mass shooting that was critical has been upgraded to STABLE. Please call MC with info at 371-4660. — Little Rock Police (@LRpolice) July 1, 2017 #UPDATE 28 injured in the W 6th Street Shooting, 25 from GSW’s and 3 from unrelated injuries. At this time, ALL are expected to survive. — Little Rock Police (@LRpolice) July 1, 2017 Police said there...
          Morrisons security guard turned ISIS fighter in Syria moans how ‘high life’ in terror capital Raqqa is over and rants about fleeing jihadis   
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          Conclusiones bajo el sol   

Salimos una semana con la Shidi. Visitamos varios lugares en la Región del Maule, sobretodo hacia la costa.
Fueron 7 días de viajes, buses, tierra, sol, pueblos, cocinilla, decisiones, suerte, mochileo y por supuesto muchísimo amor.
Ya en Santiago, con la cabeza más caliente, por el caloooor de la capital (no sólo por el verano) me atrevo a enumerar algunas conclusiones:


- La Shidi y yo somos como viejitos, nos gusta acostarnos temprano y bien acurrucados;
- nos encantan los pueblos, mientras más chico y viejo, mejor;

- no todas las playas están sobrepobladas, estuvimos en una más solos que en Lost;

- estar más de 2 días en el mismo sitio es perder plata;
- hasta esa amiga de tu mamá que no ves hace años es una buena anfitriona fuera de casa;

- los Parques Nacionales son caros, pero los guardaparques lo saben y te hacen precio;

- las líneas chicas de buses se han hecho de buenas máquinas, y van a lugares más recónditos;

- toda mala elección se reivindica con una certera decisión;
- el reguetón es lo único que escuchan los jóvenes de pueblo, ojo con eso, hay que darles la oportunidad de optar a algo distinto;

- como dijo la Shidi, tenemos un país tan lindo que no tenemos que reclamar si no tenemos mucha plata para ir al extranjero, con unas pocas lucas, ahorradas en el año, podemos disfrutar de lindos parajes, linda gente, y sobretodo el objetivo principal de las vacaciones: descansar lejos del entorno cotidiano.

Recomendaciones al paso:


- La sandwichería y cafetería "
A tu Gusto" en Curicó
- El camping "Santa Rosa" cerca de playa Aquelarre en el Lago Vichuquén

- Los pueblos de Vichuquén y Licantén, difícil acceso pero con interesantes postales

- El camino entre Cauquenes y la carretera costera (Chanco - Pelluhue - Curanipe)

- La Reserva Nacional Federico Albert, en Chanco

- El hostal Mohor en Chanco

- En general la gente y el ambiente de la Séptima Región.


Abrazos, feliz de estar de vuelta, feliz por el viaje.

Fco.

          για την ίδρυση της Βαγδάτης και για την αραβική αντίληψη των μνημείων   

Accueil
 > Analyses historiques > La fondation de la ville de Bagdad

LA FONDATION DE LA VILLE DE BAGDAD 
ARTICLE PUBLIÉ LE 29/06/2015

http://www.lesclesdumoyenorient.com/local/cache-vignettes/L225xH292/arton1974-1b9db.jpg


http://www.lesclesdumoyenorient.com/La-fondation-de-la-ville-de-Bagdad.html
Par Louise Plun

La ville de Bagdad voit le jour sous le califat des Abbassides, dynastie fondée par Abû al-Abbas As Saffah, descendant de l’oncle du prophète. La période allant de 750 à 861 est une période de grand essor, de progrès et de faste ; tandis que la période allant de 861 à 946 voit se multiplier les difficultés intérieures conduisant à l’effacement progressif des souverains et au morcellement de l’Empire en nombreuses principautés autonomes.
Pendant cette période prospère, marquée par un pouvoir politique fort, un commerce florissant, l’essor de la culture et des idées intellectuelles, naissent et se développent les villes, en particulier Bagdad.

Le contexte politique

Au milieu du VIIème siècle, une conjonction de facteurs aboutit à la chute de la dynastie omeyyade et à l’avènement de la dynastie abbasside. En effet, la lente assimilation de la propagande anti omeyyade dans les régions mécontentes du califat, la permanence d’une agitation chiite restée fidèle à Ali, les difficultés de successions ajoutées aux obstacles d’ordres politique et militaire des califes omeyyades de Damas, ainsi que l’émergence d’un mouvement clandestin révolutionnaire abbasside ayant pour berceau le Khorasan, débouchent en 749 sur le renversement des Omeyyades. Le premier calife de la dynastie abbasside est proclamé : al Saffâh, dit le Généreux. En 754 lui succède son frère désigné, Abu Ja’far, né d’une mère berbère, qui prend le nom d’al-Mansûr. Cependant, cette succession se voit contestée et engendre une révolte. Dans ce contexte insurrectionnel, le nouveau calife répond dans un premier temps par la force. Cependant, dans le but d’ancrer sa dynastie dans le paysage politique, al-Mansûr fait le choix d’affirmer son pouvoir en décidant en 762 de la création d’une nouvelle capitale abbasside : Bagdad. Ce choix résulte également de la volonté de rompre avec le modèle omeyyade en dotant le nouvel Empire d’un nouveau centre. En effet, là où les Omeyyades s’appuyaient sur les Arabes syriens de Damas, les Abbassides s’appuient sur des contingents composés d’Arabes d’Iran et de convertis, les mawalis, originaires en grande majorité du Khorasan, berceau de la révolution abbasside. La capitale de la nouvelle dynastie se rapproche donc de ses alliés sans s’éloigner de ses ennemis politiques afin de les garder sous contrôle. Son emplacement s’ancre désormais dans les terres originelles du pouvoir perse achéménide, non loin de l’ancienne capitale, Babylone.

Entre mythe et réalité

Selon al-Ya’qûbî, fonctionnaire de l’administration califale, historien et géographe, le calife al-Mansûr aurait déclaré en arrivant sur le site de la future ville de Bagdad « c’est bien la ville qu’aux dires de mon père je dois fonder […]. Cette « île » bordée à l’Est par le Tigre et à l’Ouest par l’Euphrate, se révélera être le carrefour de l’univers ». Dès lors, c’est entre le mythe et la véracité historique que l’histoire de la fondation de Bagdad se révèle.
Selon la légende, l’emplacement de la ville abbasside aurait été prédestiné par Muhammad qui en aurait eu la révélation, moyen à l’époque d’enraciner le pouvoir abbasside dans les pas du prophète. En effet, selon ce dernier, l’air y aurait été pur, la terre fertile, la température équilibrée et les ressources abondantes et variées. La renommée de l’emplacement transparait encore aujourd’hui à travers le nom de la ville elle-même, puisqu’en persan, « bâgh » signifie « jardin ». Le lieu primitif de la ville était « Baghdalth », signifiant « Dieu donné ». Ainsi, le caractère religieux et prophétique de la ville est un aspect important de la fondation de la ville, et pose les bases d’une cité à l’avenir prometteur puisque prédéterminé par la volonté de Dieu.
Pourtant en Orient, la puissance d’une ville se mesure à son temps de prospérité. L’astrologue Noubaht, « nouvelle fortune » en persan, prédit pour Bagdad une durée de vie similaire au nombre 309 de la Sourate XVIII du Coran, symbolique du temps d’attente pendant lequel les Alides, fils du prophète, attendirent avant de retrouver leurs droits méconnus depuis la mort de ce dernier. Puis Bagdad se voit donner le nom de la ville de « la paix », réunissant en effet tous les critères de prospérité que le poète d’Al-Andalous, Mansour an Namary décrit ainsi : « As-tu vu de tes yeux sur la longueur et la largeur de la terre une maison pareille à Bagdad ? Certes c’est le paradis terrestre. »
Pour les historiens cependant, la ville n’a rien d’extraordinaire. Elle serait en effet désertique, les pluies y seraient rares, le climat y atteindrait des extrêmes. Ainsi, pour comprendre l’emplacement de la ville, il faut regarder à l’échelle de la Mésopotamie. La région de Bagdad est une zone plate constituée d’immenses étendues de plaines. A l’Est se situent les montagnes de Zagros, à l’Ouest, le désert de Syrie. Mais la présence des deux fleuves que sont le Tigre et l’Euphrate en fait, avec la région de la vallée du Nil, la région la plus fertile du Moyen-Orient, d’où son nom de « Croissant fertile ». D’autres facteurs topographiques sont à prendre en compte pour expliquer l’emplacement de la ville, en particulier sa position de coeur des voies de circulation : l’une suit l’Euphrate, l’autre le Tigre, la troisième le Satt al-Garraf, et la dernière passe à la limite du Zagros. Dès lors, c’est de Bagdad que l’on peut rejoindre le plus rapidement Alep, la côte méditerranéenne, l’Egypte, ainsi que les lieux saints de l’islam. D’un point de vue stratégique, le lieu est avantageusement protégé par les deux fleuves qui constituent un rempart naturel.
Dès lors, la fondation de Bagdad ne résulte pas d’un facteur décisif comme ce fut le cas pour Jérusalem, construite sur les ruines de l’Acropole jébuséenne primitive. Bagdad est une ville construite de toute pièce, dont la fondation reste l’un des événements les plus importants de l’histoire du monde arabe et islamique.

Bagdad : reflet d’une nouvelle conception du pouvoir

Pour déterminer l’emplacement exact de sa capitale, al-Mansûr fait appel à des spécialistes, des astronomes, des géomètres « habiles, des experts dans l’art de construire » [1], des physiciens, des ingénieurs, afin de déterminer la qualité des sols, de l’air, du climat. Al-Yaqûbî cite deux spécialistes : al-Fazâri, le premier à fabriquer des astrolabes (outils permettant de mesurer la hauteur des astres), Mâshallâh, astrologue personnel du calife et savant juif. Ainsi, les plans de la ville auraient été dressés en 758-759 au « mois de rabi’ I de l’an 141 » I [2], c’est-à-dire en juillet 758. Ainsi, la construction de la ville débute sous les auspices de la science. Al-Mansûr ne fait débuter les travaux que lorsqu’il « eut à sa disposition cent mille ouvriers et manoeuvres » [3]. La « ville ronde » nait. Cette forme géométrique reflète la volonté d’affirmation des Abbassides, forme nouvelle, géométrique parfaite et rigoureuse, à l’image de leur pouvoir. Effectivement, la figure géométrique ronde est le symbole de la perfection et du cycle permanent, un signe parfait déjà en vigueur chez les Grecs. La ville a donc cette particularité de s’inscrire à l’intérieur d’un rempart circulaire, alors que les villes du monde méditerranéen ont été plutôt carrées ou rectangulaires.
D’un périmètre d’environ dix kilomètres, la ville donne une vision solaire du pouvoir, reflétant la puissance du calife. Sur l’esplanade centrale se dresse le palais du calife et sa porte d’Or. Ce somptueux palais est le symbole d’une cité sensée se suffire à elle-même. Le palais possède une coupole verte d’une extrême magnificence, dans le but d’effacer le souvenir des coupoles vertes omeyyades de Damas ou de Wasit. Le calife reçoit, dans la plus grande solennité, au centre du palais, c’est-à-dire au centre des centres. A proximité du palais se situe la Grande Mosquée. Autour du palais, les bâtiments administratifs sont voisins des demeures princières, constituant ainsi le cercle le plus proche du calife. L’enceinte extérieure est aménagée de quatre portes se faisant face deux par deux : la porte de Kufa, la porte de Basra, la porte du Khurasan et la porte de Syrie. Ces quatre portes correspondent aux quatre avenues rejoignant le centre de la circonférence et débouchant parallèlement sur les principales régions composant l’Empire abbasside. Ainsi, le calife est, symboliquement, au centre de son Empire. Toujours à l’image du calife, une extrême richesse s’y déploie, quantité de bois précieux compose la ville. Al-Mansûr a ainsi une vision claire de sa politique, celle-ci passant dans un premier temps par l’image du lieu de son pouvoir, Bagdad étant en effet à la fois la vitrine et l’outils de celui-ci : un pouvoir centralisé et fort.
La ville de Bagdad ne se limite cependant pas à l’enceinte royale. Dans les alentours de la ville se situent les espaces commerçants nécessaires à la vie quotidienne. Les faubourgs sont également organisés selon un plan d’ensemble, divisés à leur tour en quatre quartiers, selon al-Yaqûbî. Ces quartiers accueillent chacun un corps de métiers, ce qui facilite non seulement leur gestion, mais également le juste et correct prélèvement des impôts et des taxes. Ainsi, autour de la ville ronde de trouvent les sûqs des librairies près de la porte de Basra, ceux des chevaux sur la route du Khorasan, ceux des tanneurs, bouchers, tisserands, métiers ayant des besoins d’approvisionnement en eau, marchands de produits de luxe, (épices, pierres…), bains mais également mosquées.
La situation géographique de Bagdad prédispose la ville à jouer un rôle de centre économique important, se trouvant au centre d’un califat s’étendant de l’Atlantique à l’Inde. « Le centre de ce bas monde, le nombril de la terre » [4] est également une ville cosmopolite dans laquelle se sont établis des marchands arabes ou étrangers. Les historiens estiment le nombre d’habitant de Bagdad à environ 1,5 million. A la mort de son fondateur, en 774, la ville est une métropole s’étendant sur les deux rives du Tigre.
A partir de 814, le calife ne réside plus dans la ville ronde et s’installe sur la rive orientale du Tigre. La capitale abbasside se déplace à Samarra, sous le règne du calife al Mu’tasim, qui prend en 833 la tête de la dynastie. En 865 cependant, le pouvoir retourne à Bagdad. La ville subit de terribles dommages au cours des siècles.
Aujourd’hui, seuls des plans théoriques de la ville nous sont parvenus, les fouilles étant impossibles, le site se trouvant sous les habitations d’aujourd’hui et du fait de la situation politique et militaire du pays qui freine les recherches archéologiques. Cependant, Bagdad, ville de pouvoir, ville cosmopolite, ville de savoir, a participé pendant des siècles à l’essor du monde musulman, d’un point de vue économique, intellectuel, scientifique, politique ce qui lui vaut sa renommée encore aujourd’hui.
Bibliographie :
- Encyclopédie islamique.
- Dominique Sourdel, L’Etat impérial des califes abbassides, Editions puf, 1999.
- Roger Arnaldez, Les grands siècles de Bagdad, Volume I, De la fondation de Bagdad au début du IVème au Xème siècle, SNED, 1985.
- Bagdad, volume spécial publié à l’occasion du mille deux centième anniversaire de la fondation, Leiden, Brill, 1962.
- Georges Salmon, Islamic Geography, Volume 86, Introduction topographique à l’histoire de Bagdad, 1904.
Notes :
[1Al-Ya’qûbî, Le Livre des Pays, édité et traduit par G. Wiet, Le Caire, 1937.
[2dem.
[3Idem.
[4Idem.

          Lead Engineer - Mentor Graphics - Hyderabad, Telangana   
Mentor’s IESD division develops CAPITAL, a software suite used globally by automotive and aerospace manufacturers and wireharness suppliers to enhance their...
From Mentor Graphics - Thu, 22 Jun 2017 17:40:04 GMT - View all Hyderabad, Telangana jobs
          Que faire pendant les vacances d'été 2017 à Paris avec les enfants ?   
Les vacances d'été, c'est la période que je préfère pour sortir avec les enfants. Moins de circulation à Paris, soleil au rendez-vous (enfin presque) et tout un florilège de possibilités. Eh oui, nous sommes gâtés à Paris car dans la capitale, les animations ne manquent pas. Sortiraparis vous dresse les sorties incontournables à ne pas manquer cet été, les nouveautés des parcs d'attractions, les balades originales en famille, les ateliers et sorties culturelles... Bref, tout le nécessaire pour que vous passiez des vacances de rêve à Paris pour cet été 2017.
          Organisateur(trice) communautaire - CHARLEVOIX - Le Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux (CIUSSS) de la Capitale-Nationale - Charlevoix, QC   
Détenir un premier diplôme universitaire terminal en sciences humaines ; LIBELLÉ DU TITRE D'EMPLOI :.... $23.28 - $41.20 an hour
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          Normalization Ideas Weigh on Greenback   

A virus has spread across the markets as the first half drew to a close.  Many investors have become giddy.   The low vol environment was punctuated by ideas that peak in monetary accommodation is past and that the gradual process of normalization is beginning.   Some investors may be exaggerating how soon the Bank of England and the European Central Bank will raise interest rates, but there seems to be little doubt about the direction of policy going forward.  

It is not just the ECB and BOE.  The Bank of Canada meets on July 12, and the market is pricing in around a 75% chance of a hike.  The Reserve Bank of Australia and Sweden's Riksbank meets in the week ahead, and they too will likely embrace the prospects of normalization.    Ironically, it is only the US, which has seen core CPI and core PCE move lower for four consecutive months that the market doubts.   Using either the Fed funds futures or the OIS market, it appears that less than a 50% chance of hike before the end of the year is discounted

The BOJ is the other exception.  It has refrained from discussing an exit strategy.  Its core inflation rose 0.4% in May.  The target is 2%.  The core rate includes energy.  If energy is excluded as well, prices in Japan are flat year-over-year, while overall household spending contracted for 15-months year-over-year throughMay.   With the collective wisdom of the markets judging the Fed and BOJ will lag behind the other central banks in the period ahead, the dollar and yen were the poorest performing major currencies last week and for the month of June.  

The Dollar Index slumped 1.6% in the last week of June. This offsets the minor gains it had recorded earlier in the month.  The 1..3% decline for the month is the fourth consecutive losing month since the December 2010-April 2011 period.  The 4.7% loss in Q2 is the largest since Q3 10.  Although it is below its lower Bollinger Band (95.73), the other technical indicators are not over-extended, nor showing divergences.  The next target is near 94.30.  Below there, chart support ahead of last year's low a little below 92.00 is sparse.  

The euro broke out of the $1.11-$1.13 range, which we suggested, points to a test on $1.15 and then last year's high near $1.1615.  The 2015 high was recordednear $1.1715.   We note that the $1.1735 area also corresponds to a 38.2% retracement of the euro's decline from May 2014 (~$1.40) to the low at the start of the year  (~$1.0340).

The dollar stalled against the yen after approaching JPY113.00.  A small shelf has been built around JPY111.80, which is also where the 200-day moving average is found.    Technical indicators warn that the dollar's upside may become more difficult.   The 100-day moving average (~JPY111.20) is an obvious target, below which lies a band of support in the JPY110.40-JPY110.80.  

The prospects of the BOE removing accommodation, which it began with the raising the capital buffer, sent sterling for seven consecutive sessions through June 20 before profit-taking was seen after sterlingapproached the high for the year above $1.30.    Technical indicators are still supportive.  The $1.3055 area represents the 38.2% retracement of sterling fall from the referendum high of $1.50.  If this area is convincingly taken out, there is not much on the charts before $1.3400.  

Of the various central banks that investors are thinking are preparing to normalize policy, the Bank of Canada strikes us as the most credible.  The Bank of Canada has prepared the markets.  The recovery of the Senior Loan Officer survey after a couple of quarters of weakness seems to be the last key piece to fall into place.  On July 7, Canada reports its June jobs data.  Given the recent strength of the labor market, including rising wages, it will take a significant downside shock to deter the rate hike.  

The technical indicators are getting stretched, but there is no divergence at hand.  As the US dollar has fallen to new nine-month lows, it has built a head of steam.  It fell every session in the last week of June for more than a 2% decline and a nearly 4% decline for the month.  The next major support area is seen in the CAD1.2760 area.   A move above CAD1.3050 would be the first sign of consolidative/corrective phase.  

The Australian dollar culminated its recent rally by poking through $0.7700 briefly before the weekend.  It reached its best level in three months.    The Reserve Bank of Australia meets in early July, and although it is unlikely to change rates,  it is likely to dampen lingering ideas that a rate cut may still be delivered.  The central bank may not like the currency appreciation, but on a trade-weighted basis, it is several percentage points lower than it was the last time it was around $0.7700.    Also with iron ore prices rallying 20% over the past couple of weeks, the terms of trade have improved.  Initial support is seen in the $0.7620-$0.7640 area.  

The taper tantrum sparked in Europe managed to do for US yields what economic data and the Federal Reserve were unable to do--steepen the yield curve.  The two-year yield rose three basis points in the last week of June, while the 10-year yield rose 17 bp.  The backing up of the long-end was the most in a week since the first week in March.  The yield has entered the  2.30%-2.35% band that may take some time to work through the supply.  The September note futures peaked on June 14 and spent the second half of the month moving lower, effectively unwinding what it had gained in the first couple of weeks of June.  The 125-08-125-15 area houses retracement objectives and other chart points.   Bearish divergences in the technical indicators and the extreme market positioning provides scope for additional declines in prices (higher yields).  

Oil prices rose every day last week, extending its advance to seven consecutive sessions,  the longest such streak since last September-October.   The rally has approached the 38.2% retracement of the sharp decline (~$46 basis the August futures contract).  The technical tone looks constructive and there is near-term potential into the $47-$48 band.  Support now is seen near $44.50.

Although the S&P 500 had a difficult week, having to cope with the rise in yields and the failure of the Senate to pass healthcare reform, which raises questions about the broader economic agenda, it managed to close higher on the month.  It is the seventh monthly gain over the past eight months.    It is the seventh consecutive quarterly advance.  In fact, since the beginning of 2013, there have only been two quarterly declines in the S&P 500 (Q2-Q3 15).    Many investors still seem inclined to buy pullbacks.  A break of 2400, though, would be a test of this sentiment.  Over the past week, the Russell 1000 Growth Index (RLG) fell 1.5%, while the Russell 1000 Value Index (RLV) rose 0.35%.  On the month, RLG fell 0.4%, snapping a seven-month advance, while the RLV rose 1.5%, breaking a three-month down draft. 





Disclaimer




 





          Analista financiero - Arroyo Capital - Polanco, D. F.   
*Startup Private Equity Fund* Arroyo Capital es un fondo de inversión que busca adquirir y posteriormente administrar una empresa de tamaño mediano en México $4,500 - $6,000 al mes
De Indeed - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 18:27:45 GMT - Ver todos los empleos en Polanco, D. F.
          Analista de Reclutamiento y Seleccion - Excelencia en Capital Humano - Polanco, D. F.   
ANALISTA DE ATRACCION DE TALENTO*. Importante empresa de Atracción de Talento solicita:.... $10,000 al mes
De Indeed - Wed, 31 May 2017 00:49:21 GMT - Ver todos los empleos en Polanco, D. F.
          Cine: "El círculo" Un poco de "El Mundo Feliz" y otro poco "The Truman Show"   
EL CÍRCULO. Titulo original: The Circle. Dirección: James Ponsoldt. Guion: James Ponsoldt y Dave Eggers (novela). Fotografía: Matthew Libatique. Música: Danny Elfman. Edición: Lisa Lassek y Franklin Peterson. Intérpretes: Emma Watson, Tom Hanks, John Boyega, Patton Oswalt, Bill Paxton, Glenne Headly   Karen Gillan.Estados Unidos, 2017. 110 minutos
En un futuro, no tan lejano, el mundo digital nos invadirá. Entonces,  no habrá derecho al olvido, ni a hablar sobre burbujas tecnológicas, ni sobre vidas privadas ni sobre el uso de los datos personales. De eso trata “El circulo”.
Mae (Watson) trabaja en una empresa  tecnológica de avanzada donde 40 “sabios” establecen un decálogo basado en que "los secretos son mentiras", “compartir es querer” y la "privacidad es robo".
La  necesidad de transparencia no abruma a Mae y no tiene ningún impedimento en que una  cámara la siga a todas horas y  si, durante unos minutos, no da señales de presencia/transparencia, sus seguidores se volverán locos. Y eso incluye todo, menos su tiempo de sueño y de utilización del baño. Eso es así  hasta que, la misma Mae, se convierte en un personaje duro  de la era virtual, donde la maldad se trivializa y diluye.
En ese momento debemos saber que no seremos personas controladas ni por el placer ni por el dolor,  bajo el riesgo de destruir tanto lo que amamos como lo que odiamos.
Si “1984” de Orwell  hablaba sobre el terror político de la posguerra, “El círculo”  propone empezar a vivir sin computadoras ni móviles y a aprender a entender y sacar partido de los silencios y de lo  dicho.
 A medida que Mae progresa se siente alentada por el  fundador de la compañía, Eamon Bailey (Tom Hanks), a participar en un experimento innovador que pone en juego su  libertad personal. Así cada decisión comienza a afectar la vida y el futuro de sus amigos, familia y hasta el de la humanidad. Mae Holland no opone resistencia al culto al trabajo (eliminando el espacio de libertad personal).   Su  labor es  hacer visible lo invisible  y la comunicación total: cosas y personas, desde políticos a  escépticos (como Mercer, ex novio de Mae, humillado por su anti – tecnologicismo). Así se cae en las redes de la sumisión voluntaria bajo el vestido de un estado de bienestar.
Una vez avanzada la trama, el protagonismo cae en Kalden, el personaje mejor delineado,  ligado a “El Círculo”,  que conoce la evolución de la empresa  oportunidades y  riesgos. Kalden tratará de convencer a Mae de los peligros de la estructura.
Dave Eggers publicó “El circulo”  en 2013, el libro más vendido en Amazon durante ese año. Ahí ponía en evidencia una suerte de  comunismo de la información, con prácticas depredadoras, propias de las dinámicas capitalistas que permitía reconocer la era de la transparencia, las redes sociales y la comunidad virtual globalizada. Ese universo, en el cual se integrarían las corporaciones, pondría énfasis en la moral e imaginaba  un nuevo totalitarismo con gran poder de seducción. El director toma la  decisión de contrastar la vida exterior (en tonos apagados) de la vida comunitaria – empresaria con burbujas de texto invadiendo el plano.
A través de un innovador sistema operativo, “El Círculo” unifica direcciones de email, perfiles de redes sociales, operaciones bancarias y contraseñas de usuarios dando lugar a una única identidad. En la novela la empresa tecnológica tiene una solución: TruYou (mezcla de Google, Facebook, Apple y mucho más).

Después de todo, las especulaciones sobre un futuro en el que el Estado pueda ser robado una empresa hoy no resulta algo descabellado. 

          Lighting A Background   
Last week when we were shooting interviews for a capital campaign video we were faced with the situation that we had many individuals on the schedule back-to-back without the time to setup in multiple locations to provide for a variety of backgrounds.

Anticipating this would be the case, we brought our entire light kit and a blue mottled background. We lit the subjects as normal - a Lowel Rifa-lite soft box as a key light and a Lowel ViP Pro-light for a backlight - and we added one of our Lowel Omni-lights for the background.

In order to provide variation using this single background, I draped the background cloth over a pair of stands with a crossbar and gathered the cloth in various configurations, securing it with a number of clips. We rarely properly fold this background because the wrinkles and creases actually add to the texture of the cloth, adding more interest.

Using the Omni with different colored gels set to either the lower left or right, only slightly forward of the background, I was able to create lots of shadow and more options than using the cloth alone.

Also, it is important to place your subject far enough in front of the background so that while you are focused on the subject the background will blur. Remember to use your depth of field to allow the viewer to focus their attention on the subject. If we had a larger space to work in, we would have actually placed the background farther back in order to make it even more abstract.

Below, you can see a layout of our setup from both an overhead and front view.


          My First HDR Image   
For the last couple of days we were out in Western New York on the grounds of the Chautauqua Institution doing interviews and gathering footage for a capital campaign video for a client of ours. (By the way, the interviews we did yielded some great quotes for the video, but I also feel they were some of my best work. I'll grab a few screen shots and post them next week.)

Anyway, back to the image above. This is the sanctuary of the church we were shooting in and while we were packing up I thought I would take the opportunity to try out the whole HDR thing. For this image, I took 5 bracketed exposures with my D200 on a tripod and processed using CS2's Merge to HDR function.

Once the image was made, I converted to 16bit and changed the drop-down menu option to "Local Adaptation" and made some adjustments to the curve - most importantly, moving the black point to the left edge of the histogram. Basically, I followed the same process as outlined in the posts I linked to on Tuesday.

This was just my first outing with HDR and, I must say, I really like the crisp-ness of the image and more true-to-life result. I can't wait to do some more experimenting. (Also, just a note about the image, unfortunately, the shadows on the cross make it look like there's a motion blur, which is unfortunate, and a little distracting.)
          História (de sucesso) da Cicles Hoffmann   
Quando ainda era oficina, representando
marcas nacionais
O Início
A Cicles Hoffmann começou nos anos 1960, com o José Fredolino Hoffmann, meu avô que era sargento do exército e tinha muitos filhos e para poder aumentar a renda da família, acabou criando uma oficina de bicicletas onde ele também colocou os filhos para trabalharem junto com ele.


Segunda Geração
Com o passar dos anos,  o meu pai foi assumindo a loja, que, na verdade, era apenas oficina de bicicletas que trabalhava basicamente com reforma e conserto de bicicletas, sempre atendendo as bicicletas de nível urbano.  Ao final dos anos 60, meu pai, José Evaldo Hoffmann, assumiu a oficina e foi proprietário da loja até 2003, quando acabou falecendo numa morte repentina.

Geração Atual: início da loja e muitas novidades
Interior da Oficina
Entre eu e meus irmãos, ficamos definindo qual seria o destino da oficina, pois eu tinha meu trabalho e meus irmãos também tinham os deles.

Então em 2003,  decidimos que eu iria tocar a oficina para a família, dando continuidade ao legado que já vinha desde a época do meu avô. Quando eu assumi a Cicles Hoffmann, nós tínhamos apenas uma oficina de bicicletas baseada em consertos de bicicletas urbanas e venda de bicicletas mais tradicionais.

Como eu sempre fui ciclista e sempre gostei de bicicleta, principalmente as de alta performance,  queria dar uma nova repaginada na loja e deixar de ser somente uma oficina e se tornar uma Bike Shop. 

Desde o começo, no primeiro mês que eu entrei na loja, a nossa busca foi procurar um parceiro forte com uma marca realmente conceituada de mercado, uma marca que fosse referência para  termos dentro da loja.

Trabalhamos com algumas marcas desde que assumi a direção da Cicles Hoffmann e nossa primeira marca importada de bicicletas foi a KHS, na época distribuída pela FEPASE. Foi muito importante esse esse primeiro contato a KHS/Fepase, pois ela deu um grande inicio para o que eu visualizava quanto ao futuro da Cicles Hoffmann com relação a ser uma Bike Shop, mesmo sendo uma empresa muito pequena e com um limite financeiro de compra muito reduzido. Baseado nesse limite que nós sempre trabalhamos e também levando em conta um legado do meu pai que era:  "Passos curtos, mas Passos firmes", sendo assim, após o primeiro passo dado, a evolução foi se consolidando ao longo dos anos, com crescimento sustentável.

Upgrade para Bike Shop: parceria com a Scott


A parceria com a KHS/Fepase era boa, mas precisávamos de uma marca com mais expressividade de mercado, aí veio a Scott nos procurar em 2006. A partir deste momento começamos um trabalho que está em desenvolvimento até os dias de hoje, temos um ótimo relacionamento com eles, assim como com todos os nossos fornecedores.

Profissionalizamos mais os mecânicos através de cursos, afinal as bicicletas que recebemos hoje são as melhores que existem no mercado, atendendo na manutenção todas as marcas, disponibilizando acessórios e orientação através de conhecimento de anos de mercado e praticando o esporte. 



Hoje também temos óculos Oakley que é referência em óculos esportivos, pneus Continental que é outra referencia para o mercado de bicicletas, além de bicicletas que são atualmente campeãs olímpicas e mundial.

Atualmente o capital investido também é outro e o investimento da loja ficou diferenciado, os clientes da loja mudaram também. Atendemos uma linha de cliente com exigência diferenciada:  pessoal que pratica esporte, o pessoal que usa a bicicleta para ir trabalhar (no dia a dia e o ano inteiro). Com isto, acabou se tornando um negócio mais sustentável.

Evoluindo para atender melhor
Nosso serviço de mecânica deu uma repaginada forte agora final do ano (de 2016), quando incluímos serviços como leva e traz, proporcionando mais conforto nosso cliente e também disponibilizamos a entrega de peças a domicílio que a gente não tinha também.



Intensificamos o foco no nosso site (http://www.cicleshoffmann.com.br), porque acreditamos que o site é  uma ferramenta de marketing importante e alguns parceiros para poderem divulgar a nossa loja, o que acaba sendo muito próspero.        

Parcerias e apoios a projetos
A busca incansável de permanência no mercado de forma sustentável se dá através de mais parcerias, apoiar bons projetos como a escolinha de ciclismo.  Então a Cicles Hoffmann hoje se orgulha muito de ser a loja que mais apoia o Grupo Ciclo Trilhas que é um grupo de ciclistas que estão construindo as trilhas de Mountain bike em Florianópolis.

Esta é a ideia da Cicles Hoffmann em um caminho muito longo que a gente ainda tem a percorrer, afinal de contas está aí com quase 60 anos de história, uma das lojas mais antigas do Brasil e com o nome a zelar que veio lá de trás tornando cada dia mais forte.


Fachada da antiga Cicles Hoffmann

Gurizada curtindo a bike em frente à Cicles Hoffmann
Acessórios de ótima qualidade de diversas marcas

Oficina mecânica com ferramentas adequadas e muito funcional



          Última etapa 2017 do Brasil Enduro Series - Urubici, SC   
Atenção atletas que querem começar a se aventurar no Enduro... 

A ultima etapa 2017 do Brasil Enduro Series que será em Urubici Serra Catarinense vai novamente ter a Categoria HardTail ou Rígida. 

A organização atendeu um pedido nosso já que vimos esta categoria como de suma importância para o crescimento do esporte, cito nosso próprio exemplo, no BES 2015 participamos na HardTail em 4 pilotos locais, Marcus Zilli, Richardo Pereira, Priscila Dionatan e Lu Leo que ganhou em nossa categoria completando todas as descidas. Este ano estamos com um time bem maior, seremos 10 pilotos disputando com bikes próprias para a prática do Enduro, ou seja, o esporte quando incentivado só tem a ganhar e esta categoria de entrada tem este poder.....

Venha se divertir com a gente, Urubici te espera #vempraurubici #bes2017 #brasilenduroseries #urubici 

. Data: 01/09/2017 a 03/09/2017
. Horário: 15:00

. Local: Urubici - SC

Para mais informações e para se inscrever, acesse o SITE OFICIAL!


A quarta e última etapa do Chaoyang Brasil Enduro Series 2017 está de volta a Urubici, Santa Catarina.

É praticamente impossível chegar a Urubici sem parar para observar a quantidade enorme de belezas naturais, suas majestosas colinas com seu ar misterioso e saudável, despertando sensações de paz e tranqüilidade. 

Terra presenteada pela mãe natureza com uma visão que cativa e uma paisagem deslumbrante, onde o silêncio das matas de araucária é quebrado apenas pelo som das estonteantes cachoeiras e cascatas, pelo uivo do vento tocando as encostas da serra e pelo canto dos pássaros que pousam sobre essas riquezas. Além do privilégio destas paisagens naturais, Urubici é também uma das cidades mais frias do País, o que a torna ainda mais bela, pois, no inverno, é comum ocorrer fortes geadas e neve que cobrem de branco este cartão postal. 

Está se transformando em ponto de encontro dos adeptos de esportes radicais, entre eles, o rapel, o parapente, a asa delta e o cross de moto e jeep. 

Urubici, Capital das Hortaliças e Belezas Naturais, possui ainda: 
. O ponto mais alto habitado do Sul do Brasil; 
. O único Parque Nacional de Conservação Ambiental do Estado; 
. As principais nascentes do Rio Uruguai que são o Rio Canoas e o Rio Pelotas; 
. O maior número de cachoeiras, quedas d'água e cascatas do Sul do Brasil. São mais de 80; 
. A temperatura mais baixa registrada no País: 17ºC negativos, em junho de 1996. Informação da Prefeitura Municipal de Urubici.

As inscrições para etapa de URUBICI já estão abertas, e para participar da prova é muito simples: Basta CLICAR AQUI e escolher entre as 11 categorias disponíveis.

NOVIDADE para a etapa de URUBICI é que teremos categoria RÍGIDA! :)



CICLES HOFFMANN ALL SPORTING
          Madrid, capital del Orgullo entre amplias medidas de seguridad   
Miles de personas participan hoy en Madrid en la mayor marcha del Orgullo Gay 2017 en el mundo, que a las 17:00 horas ha partido de la glorieta de Atocha de Madrid para reivindicar la libertad sexual bajo el lema “Por los derechos LGTBI en todo el...
          This Video of Alex Ovechkin and Evgeny Kuznetsov Driving to Verizon Center is the Most Russian Thing Ever (GIF)   

Washington Capitals captain Alex Ovechkin let Evgeny Kuznetsov (whom I’m praying has a license) drive the $500,000 Ovi Mobile to Verizon Center today. The Russian machine blasted Finnebassen’s electronica hit What You Do and then shot an Instagram video while driving. Kids, don’t try this at home. Actually, Ovi, you probably shouldn’t do this either. To recap once more for those who are too stunned to comprehend what you just saw, Ovi, the passenger, is blasting Norweigian electronic music, making derpy faces, and shoving a camera into Evgeny Kuznetsov’s face while driving. So about Ovi’s driving habits: he sometimes doesn’t wear seat belts, he thinks there should be no speed limit, he really likes Drake, and he has scared the bejeezus out of Mikhail Grabovski. Ovechkin yells "Beasts going to the game!" RT @russianmachine Ovechkin and Kuznetsov driving to Verizon Center http://t.co/Up6WJvLdYw — Fedor Fedin (@Fedor_Fedin) March 16, 2014

The post This Video of Alex Ovechkin and Evgeny Kuznetsov Driving to Verizon Center is the Most Russian Thing Ever (GIF) appeared first on Russian Machine Never Breaks.


          How to Build a Robo Advisor: Advice for Starting a Robo Advisory   

MyPrivateBanking Robo AdvisorWith the tremendous growth in robo advisor assets under management (AUM), financial institutions are scrambling to figure out how to build and become a robo advisor.

Starting a robo advisor service combines financially savvy with big data analytics, as well as a comprehensive understanding to how robo advisors work.

How Do Robo Advisors Work?

Robo advisors are platforms that leverage algorithms to handle users' investment platforms. These services analyze each customer's current financial status, risk aversion, and goals. From here, they recommend the best portfolio of stocks available based on that data.

And these automated financial services are poised to transform the tremendous worldwide wealth management industry. 

MyPrivateBanking's report, Robo Advisor 3.0, takes an in-depth look at the basic challenge of every robo advisor: how to craft a presence that succeeds in convincing website visitors to sign up as investors and then remain on board.

In this data-driven assessment, the report looks at the characteristics, business models, and strengths and weaknesses of the top robo advisors around the world. The research was conducted on a total of 76 active robo advisors worldwide - 29 in the U.S. and Canada, 38 in seven European countries and nine in the Asia-Pacific region. We've compiled a full list of robo advisors analyzed below.

The exhaustive report provides comprehensive answers and data on how to optimize the individual onboarding stages (How it works, Client Assessment, Client Onboarding, Communication and Portfolio Reporting) and details five best practices for each stage. Furthermore, the report provides strategies to appeal to different segments such as Millennials, baby boomer investors approaching retirement, and high net worth individuals (HNWIs), and analyzes the impact of new technologies.

The report provides comprehensive analysis and data-driven insights on how to utilize robo advisors to win and keep clients:

  • What a robo advisor platform should offer to successfully convert prospects into happy clients.
  • Which robo advisor features work and why.
  • What are best practices for the different stages in the digital customer journey.
  • How long clients need to onboard on the surveyed robo advisors and which specialized offers are given.
  • What the client assessment process should include 
  • How client communication should be (inbound for customer service and outbound for news, education and commentary).
  • What good portfolio reporting looks like, so that it meets the information needs of the customer.
  • How B2B providers are positioned in the development of robo advisory services and what they offer.
  • How robo advisors should adopt their strategies to appeal to different segments such as Millennials, baby boomer investors approaching retirement, and high net worth individuals (HNWIs).
  • Which robo advisors provide specialized options such as micro-investing, rewards schemes or hedging strategies, and in what manner.
  • What the impacts of new technologies are, such as the use of artificial intelligence for client interaction and narrative generation on the robo advisor model.
  • How the future of digital success will look for robo advisors.
  • Appendix containing data on the web presences of more than 70 robo advisors alongside the digital customer journey process.
  • And much more.

>> Click here for Report Summary, Table of Contents, Methodology <<

Analyzed robo advisors in this report include:

North America: Acorns, Asset Builder, Betterment, Blooom, Bicycle Financial, BMO SmartFolio, Capital One Investing, Financial Guard, Flexscore, Future Advisor, Guide Financial, Hedgeable, iQuantifi, Jemstep, Learnvest, Liftoff, Nest Wealth, Personal Capital, Rebalance IRA, Schwab Intelligent Portfolios, SheCapital, SigFig, TradeKing Advisors, Universis, Wealthbar, Wealthfront, Wealthsimple, Wela, Wisebanyan 

Europe: AdviseOnly, Advize, comdirect, Easyfolio, EasyVest, ETFmatic, Fairr.de, FeelCapital, Fiver a Day, Fundshop.fr, GinMon, Investomat, KeyPlan, KeyPrivate, Liqid, Marie Quantier, Money on Toast, MoneyFarm, Nutmeg, Parmenion, Quirion, rplan, Scalable Capital, Simply EQ, Sutor Bank, Swanest, SwissQuote ePrivateBanking, True Potential Investor, True Wealth, Vaamo, VZ Finanz Portal, Wealth Horizon, Wealthify, WeSave, Whitebox, Yellow Advice, Yomoni, Zen Assets.

Asia-Pacific: 8 Now!, Ignition Direct & Ignition Wealth, InvestSMART, Mizuho Bank Smart Folio, Movo, Owners Advisory, QuietGrowth, ScripBox, StockSpot

Here's how you get this exclusive Robo Advisor research:MyPrivateBanking Report Spread

To provide you with this exclusive report, MyPrivateBanking has partnered with BI Intelligence, Business Insider's premium research service, to create The Complete Robo Advisor Research Collection.

If you’re involved in the financial services industry at any level, you simply must understand the paradigm shift caused by robo advisors.

Investors frustrated by mediocre investment performance, high wealth manager fees and deceptive sales techniques are signing up for automated investment accounts at a record pace.

And the robo advisor field is evolving right before our eyes. Firms are figuring out on the fly how to best attract, service and upsell their customers. What lessons are they learning? Who’s doing it best? What threats are traditional wealth managers facing? Where are the opportunities for exponential growth for firms with robo advisor products or models?

The Complete Robo Advisor Research Collection is the ONLY resource that answers all of these questions and more. Click here to learn more about everything that's included in this exclusive research bundle

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Warren Buffett lives in a modest house that's worth .001% of his total wealth — here's what it looks like


          Warren Buffett is now the largest owner of 2 of the world's biggest banks (BAC, JPM, WFC, GS)   

warren buffett

Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway is now the biggest owner of two of the world's largest banks: Bank of America and Wells Fargo.

On Wednesday, the Federal Reserve cleared the way for Buffett to become Bank of America's largest shareholder.

It passed all the big banks on their so-called stress tests, giving them permission to use their capital for things beyond buffering against disaster, including share buybacks and dividend payments.

Bank of America raised its dividend to $0.12 a common share.

That made it compelling for Berkshire to convert its preferred shares into common stock, giving it shareholder ownership, and earning as much as $12 billion in profit. Berkshire announced on Friday that it would exercise its warrants to buy 700 million common shares of Bank of America, the third-largest US bank by market cap, instead of waiting until just before their expiry in 2021.

In a statement, the bank said it welcomed Buffett's decision.

With $2.19 trillion in assets, Bank of America ranked ninth in the world, according to an S&P Global Market Intelligence ranking released in April.

Buffett's initial investment in the bank dating back to 2011 was a thumbs-up of sorts to CEO Brian Moynihan, who had recently taken the helm. It was also a bet that the bank would recover from the fallout of toxic mortgage securities.

He acquired $5 billion of Bank of America preferred stock with a 6% dividend, or $300 million annually, in August 2011, at a time when investors worried about the bank's capital needs, Reuters reported.

The conglomerate said last July that it owned more than 10% of Wells Fargo, which on Friday amounted to nearly 537 million shares, according to Bloomberg. It's the second-largest bank in the US by market capitalization and was the 10th largest in the world by assets, according to S&P.

Berkshire Hathaway also owns smaller stakes in Goldman Sachs and JPMorgan.

SEE ALSO: Japan can help us better understand one of the biggest puzzles facing the US economy

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: An economist explains what could happen if Trump pulls the US out of NAFTA


          Canadians celebrated the nation's 150th anniversary with fireworks and poutine — here are the photos   

justin trudeau

It's Canada's birthday!

July 1, also known as Canada Day, marks the 150th anniversary of the confederation. An estimated half a million people are expected to attend celebrations in the capital Ottawa, where the government spent approximately half a billion Canadian dollars (US $386 million) on the festivities.

See how Canadians and a couple of royal visitors celebrated.

SEE ALSO: How to move to Canada and become a Canadian citizen

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau kicked off the festivities in a visit with Prince Charles, whose mother, the Queen, remains Canada's head of state 150 years after its independence.



Prince Charles and his wife Camilla spent the last several days visiting museums, monuments, and even startups in Canada. July 1 marks the end of their royal tour.



The Duchess of Cornwall greeted onlookers outside the Canadian Museum of History.



See the rest of the story at Business Insider

          Silicon Valley's old boy power structure is getting toppled and the repercussions will be huge   

China slip fall soldiers

When Chris Sacca took the stage at the South by Southwest conference in March, the "Shark Tank" judge kicked off his talk by doling out cans of beers to the women sitting in the front rows. 

"We’re going to do this unlike Uber. The women get them first," Sacca said to the crowd of fans that would mob him like a celebrity afterwards. 

The beer stunt was a snipe at one of his early portfolio companies that had come under internal investigation for claims of sexism in the workplace. But now four months later, Sacca himself has issued a mea culpa, confessing that he "personally contributed" to making the tech industry "inhospitable for women" after being accused in a New York Times article of inappropriately touching a woman's face without her consent. (He later "disputed" the accusation.)

The apology from one of Silicon Valley's most visible and powerful venture capitalists comes at a time when the tech industry is confronting its shameful legacy of sexist behavior. It hasn't been a secret that women in technology face sexism, especially in venture capital where women only make up 7% of partners. But until now, the status quo went for the most part unchallenged and the offenders operated with impunity. 

That's why the events of the last few months are so remarkable. The stories of venture capitalists asking women entrepreneurs for sex or touching them underneath the table during pitch meetings have multiplied as more and more women come forward. And it's already having a profound effect. 

In the last month, Uber's CEO was asked to resign after a detailed investigation into harassment and bad behavior among employees and managers at the $69 billion startup. Another investor was forced out of his firm after initially denying accusations of sexual harassment from multiple women. 

Dave McClure, the leader of a famous Silicon Valley startup accelerator 500 Startups, was removed from the day-to-day operations after women came forward with allegations of misconduct. In one case detailed by the New York Times, McClure told a woman that he wasn't sure if he should hire her or hit on her.

Despite Silicon Valley being a place that's promoted itself as a bastion of progressive ideals and meritocracy, each domino being tipped shows that the sexism problem that had rooted itself in the boy's club of venture is worse and worse — and the old school boy's club of Silicon Valley is being toppled as a result.

The problem with power

The gender imbalance in Silicon Valley is well-documented, but the undercurrent of sexism and harassment that is its byproduct has been harder to pinpoint.

To be sure, some of the worst offenders have become "open secrets" among women entrepreneurs. There's wiki pages that list venture capitalists and tech leaders who have been accused of inappropriate behavior. And one startup accelerator, Y Combinator, keeps track of venture capitalists that have behaved badly — harassment or deal-wise — and cuts them out from ever getting a chance to invest as the startups leave its program. 

But it's tough to overstate the precarious path that must be navigated by any woman who wants to pursue the tech dream and create the next Facebook or Snapchat. 

Without having a deep network in Silicon Valley or getting into one of the accelerators, it's hard for women entrepreneurs to know who to avoid or have a support network to turn to if they feel like someone has crossed the line. Even if they do report it, they're often silenced or told to sign non-disclosure agreements so people never find out. 

Meanwhile, the men of Silicon Valley have continued to hold the power. Of the venture capitalist deal makers that fund the next generation of Facebooks, only 7% of the partners at top VC firms are women, according to a Crunchbase study.

And the money follows the same gendered lines. Women received $1.5 billion in funding last year versus $58.2 billion for men, according to PitchBook data. Just think, what kind of world-changing apps and tech products would we have today if women had the same opportunities and influence in the industry as men? 

Make no mistake: venture capitalists control the check books that can fund next America's innovation engine and too often it's been an old boys club that makes deals in hot tub jam sessions or all-male ski trips

The Trump effect

Yet the recent wave of women stepping forward after years of trying to shine light on the issue is finally crashing the power structure. 

Venture firms are scrambling to institute formal policies around harassment. LinkedIn founder and Greylock partner, Reid Hoffman, made a public plea for firms to sign the Decency Pledge to acknowledge that the relationship between venture capitalists and entrepreneurs is the same as a manager and employee. (Yes, Silicon Valley is at the point where its dealmakers are finally publicly promising to be decent to women.)

The public apology from Sacca shows that no venture capitalist can go untouched, no matter how famous or how many amazing deals they've done. In some ways, it's the opposite of the Trump effect: the President was elected despite being on tape saying lecherous things. To this day, he continues to call out reporters and women for their looks. 

Yet the general revulsion to those antics has made Silicon Valley somehow look at its own secret shame. It's harder for an investor to say they are outraged by Trump's treatment of women when they're protecting their own peers who have asked for sex or rubbed a woman's thigh when they're supposed to be making a business deal. 

And while some argue that Trump's behavior has normalized this kind of locker-room talk towards women, in Silicon Valley, its greatest offenders are now getting exposed one-by-one. Venture firms have collapsed. Uber, the most valuable private tech startup, is undergoing a cultural reformation to save its company. Individuals like Sacca are making public apologies for their role in making tech "inhospitable" toward women. The Silicon Valley people and companies in powerful positions aren't immune like Trump has been — and that's only been more clear as more women entrepreneurs speak out against what's been up until now Silicon Valley's darkest secret. 

There will be more dominoes that fall, and more "disruption," as the industry finally comes to terms with this problem. But when the dust settles, you can be sure that the startups, products, and innovation coming from Silicon Valley will be stronger than ever.

SEE ALSO: 'Shark Tank' judge Chris Sacca apologizes for helping make tech hostile to women — after being accused of inappropriately touching a female investor

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: BARBARA CORCORAN: Chris Sacca is 'probably the most arrogant Shark we've ever had'


          It might be time for Tesla to get out of the car business (TSLA)   

elon musk

Here's a completely heretical idea, especially on the eve of Tesla launching its long-awaited $35,000 Model 3 in July and the stock rallying almost 80% over the first half of 2017:

Tesla should think about getting out of the car business.

Crazy, right? This is the first new American automaker in decades — and investors are so bullish on it that even though it has made money in exactly two quarters since its 2010 IPO and sold less than 80,000 vehicles in 2016, its market cap is bigger than General Motors', Ford's, or Fiat Chrysler Automobiles.

Additionally, Tesla is really nothing but a carmaker at this point. Although it sells solar panels and energy storage systems and is building a massive battery factory in Nevada, its revenues largely come from an old-fashioned place: assembling and marketing cars.

But here's the thing: for a carmaker such as BMW or Porsche or even Ferrari, limited production, a longstanding perception about the brand, and generally high to very high to astronomically high transactions (I'm looking at you, Ferrari LaFerrari supercar and your $1-million-plus price tag), the car business can be pretty good. Not Apple good, but healthy double-digit margins are in order.

Tesla started out at this end of the market, selling expensive luxury vehicles to a well-heeled elite. If it stayed with this business, it could conceivably end up with a 20% profit margin. 

Tesla Model S

A victim of Musk's vision

But CEO Elon Musk wants to get gas-powered cars off the road, so that means Tesla has to attack the low-margin mass-market business. The Model 3 is the first shot. And there are 400,000 pre-orders, so it's a big first shot.

The mass market isn't really about what Tesla is good at, which is visionary spectacle and succeeding against overwhelming odds. The mass market is about grinding, unspectacular execution, day after day. This might be why Musk wants to see it taken over by robots. 

For the time being, Tesla has committed to playing in this space, and doing it with a product — an all-electric vehicle — that consumers have thus far shown little interest in. EVs now make up only about 1% of global sales. Tesla needs to move that needle and move it big time, and to be honest, the company isn't strong enough to do it on its own. Others will have to come into the game.

This is where matters get challenging. Autos are a tough business: capital intensive, with cyclical sales and a requirement that car companies spend a lot on R&D to avoid falling behind. The end product is extremely complicated and relatively costly — so much so that carmakers maintain financing arms to loan customers the money to buy products.

ford factory producer prices

A business for the nutty

Many, many auto executives would say that the reason nobody has started a successful new car company in half a century is that you had to be nuts to start a new car company. There are so many other ways to get rich.

It's not clear that Musk fully understood this when he originally invested in Tesla and later took over the CEO job. But he's learning now. 

Fortunately, he doesn't have to think of himself as the quixotic leader of a company that by its economic nature will destroy his fortune, perhaps more than once. Tesla could at some point shed its car business or outsource it and focus on more lucrative, higher-growth, less-capital-hungry enterprises. Solar could be huge in the future, and in any case it's been a rapid growth area for energy.

Batteries for residential, industrial, and utility applications could also be big future businesses. And I haven't even gotten to the software and self-driving innovations that make up Tesla Autopilot. They could be worth more on their own than Tesla's entire carmaking operations someday, especially if you assume that the data generated by self-driving vehicles is where the real opportunity (and riches) resides. 

Tesla gigafactory

Hard to change course?

But, you might ask, wouldn't it be hard to unload the car business?

Not really. For example, if Tesla builds a factory in China, it will almost certainly have to establish a JV with a Chinese company, meaning that effectively half the Chinese manufacturing business would be owned by someone else. A contract manufacturer such as industry leader Magna could assemble Tesla vehicles in North America or Europe. And given that Tesla is aiming to sell 500,000 vehicles annually by the end of next year, a competitor might decide it's worth it to buy up the car brand.

The bottom line is that we know where Tesla's car business is going, and it's nothing all that financially thrilling. It could be financially depressing. Almost all the company's other projects, even idealistic moon shots like the Boring Company (digging traffic-beating tunnels under Los Angeles) have the potential to growth more rapidly or establish entirely new markets. 

Perhaps that's where Musk's focus should be.

SEE ALSO: 'So, do you want to see the car?': The story of the day that Tesla stunned the world

Join the conversation about this story »

NOW WATCH: Tesla will reveal the finished Model 3 in July — here's everything you need to know about the car


          PRESENTING: The most important charts in the world from the brightest minds on Wall Street   

markets 4x3

Here they are: the most important charts in the world. 

Once again, we asked dozens of top strategists, economists, and writers for one chart that is top of mind right now. The slideshow includes their verbatim analysis of the trend they picked. 

All of these charts were submitted by June 16, so some of the data may have evolved since then.

With assistance from Rachael Levy, Elena Holodny, and Jonathan Garber.

 

David Rosenberg

"This is where the power and influence still reside, and nothing is going to stop the inevitability that nearly two million of this critical demographic group will be turning 70 annually for the next 15 years. And they are very likely to make it to 85 or even older with medical advancement.

This has crucial implications for the financial markets because it is when you turn 70 that you undertake the most profound asset mix shift since you were in your 30s and loaded up on equities — when you turn 70, preservation of capital and cash flows becomes much more important, and yet in a world where 'safe yield' has become extremely scarce, the investment challenges for the aging but not yet aged boomers are going to be daunting, to say the least."  



Rick Rieder

"This crisis has under-appreciated negative side effects for the US economy as a whole. Most significantly, student loans are making it harder for first-time home buyers to afford their own home, with more than 70% of would-be first-time buyers saying student loan debt is delaying their home purchase, according to the National Association of Realtors. As a result, the homeownership rate in the US has fallen each of the last six years despite a solid economic recovery, according to the US Census Bureau, with the biggest impact coming from the 25-34 year old cohort as seen in the chart above. 

The student loan burden is not just curtailing young adults’ home buying; it is weakening their consumption in general, posing a major headwind to US economic growth. In addition to the direct economic impact, the student loan crisis could also worsen the class divide. Home ownership levels at age 30 are much lower among those with college debt than those without, and when faced with today’s high college costs coupled with the prospect of taking on significant debt, more students from lower-income households may choose not to attend college, worsening their outlook for employment and wage income over the course of their career. The bottomline: This crisis is likely to be a major drag on the US economy for years to come if it remains unaddressed, and an elegant fiscal-policy solution is needed, the sooner the better."



Torsten Slok



See the rest of the story at Business Insider

          These are the 11 biggest hedge funds in the world   

ray-dalio

2016 was a tough year for hedge funds. 

The industry as a whole only delivered a 5.4% return for clients, well below the S&P 500's return of 11.9%, according to data from eVestment.

Poor performance and high fees drove money out of the money managers' funds, with about $70 billion pulled out of the funds last year, the biggest drop since 2009, according to data tracker HFR.

But not all firms saw their funds shrink, according to Institutional Investor's Alpha's recently released 2017 Hedge Fund 100 list. The annual list, which ranks the world's largest hedge funds by assets, shows that many of the top funds' assets have grown by double digits. 

Ray Dalio's Bridgewater Associates, a Connecticut-based firm with $122 billion in hedge fund assets under management, took the top spot on the list. Its hedge fund AuM at the beginning of 2017 were up about 17% from the same time last year. 

The funds that witnessed the most impressive growth, according to the list, were so-called quant funds. Such funds rely on algorithms or computer programs to guide their investing. Renaissance Technologies, one of the best known and oldest quant firms, saw its assets balloon by 42%, year-over-year. It moved up to the fourth spot on the list, up from twelfth last year. 

Two Sigma, another quant fund, snagged a higher spot on the list. Its assets under management are up 28% from last year. 

Here are the top 11 funds by hedge fund assets, according to the full list. 

SEE ALSO: Millennials are about to benefit from 'one of the largest intergenerational wealth transfers in history'

11. Elliott Management - $31.3 billion



10. Winton Group - $32 billion



9. Och-Ziff Capital Management - $33.5 billion



See the rest of the story at Business Insider

          MORGAN STANLEY: Here's why it makes sense for Tesla to become the next big music-streaming service (TSLA)   

FILE PHOTO - New Autopilot features are demonstrated in a Tesla Model S during a Tesla event in Palo Alto, California October 14, 2015. REUTERS/Beck Diefenbach

Tesla, the electric-car and energy-storage company, could become the next big music-streaming service.

Last week, a representative told Business Insider that it was important for its customers to "listen to the music they want from whatever source they choose." The comments followed a report suggesting the company was working on a music-streaming service.

And according to Adam Jonas, an equity strategist at Morgan Stanley, this would make sense.

Silicon Valley is interested "in the potential multi-trillion dollar opportunity selling data, content, and experiences unfamiliar to today's auto firms," Jonas said in a note on Tuesday.

"The potential total addressable market of such a bundled mile (utility + content + data) dwarfs some of the major end markets (PC, smartphones) that Silicon Valley currently services."

By 2030, Jonas forecast, Tesla Mobility — an on-demand service similar to Uber — would have about 2 million cars, and there would be about 7 million privately owned Teslas.

"Tesla wants to be more than a 'dumb pipe'" that moves people around, Jonas said.

The auto industry would be a "money loser" by 2030, Jonas said. However, Tesla would be able to monetize the time that people are spending in their cars, as it and other companies develop what he described as a "living room on wheels."

"These firms could cede 100% of the value of content to the likes of Apple, Alphabet, Pandora, Sirius, or Netflix," Jonas said. "On the other hand, they could say: 'Wait a second. This is our venue. Our OLED screen. Our speakers. Our HMI. Our seats. Our software. Let's at least give the customer a choice of using our own apps before we too quickly go the way of the pure handset manufacturers.'"

Additionally, the buying power of people who own Tesla's electric cars could be well-suited to the market for paid premium content.

Jonas expects that Tesla's peers entering the self-driving and ride-hailing space, including Alphabet and Apple, could also explore original content for their cars' passengers.

But these competitors are bigger and better capitalized than Tesla, meaning they could provide ride-hailing services at a loss and at Tesla's expense, Jonas said.

Music streaming is worth about $50 million in enterprise value to Tesla, Jonas estimated.

SEE ALSO: 5 reasons a Tesla music-streaming service is the best idea Elon Musk has had this year

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          Cartoon Network USA Uncle Grandpa Finale Aired Friday 30th June   

Cartoon Network USA Uncle Grandpa Finale Aired Friday 30th June Note: This is my opinion, also suggestions and possibilities are not facts. Yesterday (30/06/2017) at 4.30pm ET/PT, Cartoon Network USA aired the two final episodes of Uncle Grandpa – Exquisite Grandpa and Uncle Grandpa: The High School Years. The penultimate episode of Exquisite Grandpa is ... Read more

The post Cartoon Network USA Uncle Grandpa Finale Aired Friday 30th June appeared first on RegularCapital Website.


          El barrio más cultural de Londres será premiado con un millón de euros   
Londres, (EFE).- El alcalde de Londres, el laborista Sadiq Khan, presentó hoy el “London Borough of Culture Award”, un premio al barrio “más cultural” de la capital británica, dotado con un millón de libras (1,29 millones de dólares) para financiar un programa de eventos e iniciativas culturales. Khan explicó hoy, en la sede del consistorio, que los 32 barrios de la ciudad pueden presentar sus propuestas -de las que se valorará “su visión artística así como la ambición e integración de sus programas culturales”- a lo largo de los próximos cinco meses. Los dos barrios ganadores, que se escogerán en febrero del próximo año, ostentarán el título de “London Borough of Culture”, uno en 2019 y el otro en 2020, y recibirán la financiación para llevar a cabo sus propuestas. Asimismo, otros seis municipios que no se alcen con el galardón pero que hayan presentado “programas ejemplares” recibirán 600.000 libras (778.000 dólares). “La cultura se encuentra inmersa en el ADN de Londres”, aseguró el alcalde, al tiempo que defendió su labor como “instrumento de transformación” y de “unión entre las personas”. Aunque declaró que “no todos los londinenses pueden disfrutar de la cultura de la misma manera” y, por ello, [...]
          Modeste manifestation de la CLAC à Montréal: explications   
Les militants du groupe pour la Convergence des luttes anticapitalistes (CLAC) ne s’étaient pas déplacés nombreux samedi pour faire entendre une voix divergente lors des célébrations de la fête du Canada.
          Modeste manifestation de la CLAC à Montréal: explications   
Les militants du groupe pour la Convergence des luttes anticapitalistes (CLAC) ne s’étaient pas déplacés nombreux samedi pour faire entendre une voix divergente lors des célébrations de la fête du Canada.
          Gustavo Leal F.*: Pensiones: ocaso de una estragtegia fallida   
En relación con las movilizaciones chilenas contra las AFP (Afores) y el desplome del sistema de capitalización individual impuesto por Pinochet en 1981 –hace ya 36 años–, la Comisión Nacional del Sistema de Ahorro para el Retiro (Consar), se atrevió sólo a prescribir como “lección” para México una reforma “paramétrica” más.
          Whole Foods Founder John Mackey On Fascism and 'Conscious Capitalism'   
UPDATE at 12:35 p.m., ET, Jan. 17: Many of you wrote in to tell us you were taken aback by Whole Foods top executive John Mackey characterizing the health law as fascism in an NPR interview, and apparently, he's feeling a little sheepish. About three minutes into his otherwise amiable chat with CBS This Morning hosts on on Thursday, Mackey walked back his comments in response to a direct question from Norah O'Donnell: "Well, I think that was a bad choice of words on my part ... that word has an association with of course dictatorships in the 20th century like Germany and Spain, and Italy. What I know is that we no longer have free enterprise capitalism in health care, it's not a system any longer where people are able to innovate, it's not based on voluntary exchange. The government is directing it. So we need a new word for it. I don't know what they right word is," Mackey says. Part 1 of his interview with Morning Edition's Steve Inskeep is linked above, and you can hear him discuss
          Afghan Women Protest Anti-Islam Film   
About 70 Afghan women burned the Dutch and Danish flags during a demonstration Wednesday in the capital against an anti-Islam film and the reprinting of a cartoon of the Prophet Muhammad.
          British WC2006 Fantasy Football players unite!   
Having just assembled my pick of the teams involved in this year's World Cup (which is, apparently, ™ FIFA... nice to know that capitalism hasn't found its way into global sport then), I nipped off and made a group for all the British Viners.
          Summer Job: Mover/Packer/Wrapper Assistant - Walker's Capital Group - Deep River, ON   
Assist with the loading and unloading of household goods shipments, at residences and warehouse Competently performs assigned pack/unpack and load/unload duties...
From Walker's Capital Group - Fri, 23 Jun 2017 17:18:54 GMT - View all Deep River, ON jobs
          Senior Corporate Accountant   
Accounting/Auditing/Finance More information about this job: Overview: At Texas Capital Bank, we are driven by a single-minded and unwavering mission: to serve business and the individuals who run them. We use a consultative approach and innovative technologies to develop new ideas that give the bank and our clients a competitive..
          Garanzia Giovani - CRI Roma - Roma, Lazio   
, specificando nell’oggetto “Tirocinio Elettricista – Garanzia Giovani”. Il Comitato Area Metropolitana di Roma Capitale ricerca una risorsa da inserire in...
Da CRI Roma - Tue, 30 May 2017 19:10:55 GMT - Visualizza tutte le offerte di lavoro a Roma, Lazio
          Em cidades da Copa, 15,6% dos bares são considerados inadequados pela Anvisa   
A Agêcia Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária (Anvisa) apresentou há pouco os primeiros resultados do projeto piloto para classificação de bares e restaurantes e lanchonetes, voltado para a Copa do Mundo: dos 2.172 estabelecimentos que participaram da iniciativa, 15,6% tiveram  um número de falhas considerado superior ao padrão mínimo desejado. Dos municípios que vão sediar a Copa, 11 participaram da iniciativa - Salvador não está na avaliação . Outras 13 cidades que não estão na Copa também participam do trabalho. Aeroportos próximos das cidades sede também foram incluídos na avaliação.
A intenção do primeiro projeto não foi punir, mas preparar os estabelecimentos para o atendimento adequado. Nosso objetivo não é fechar os estabelecimentos, mas torná-los adequados à segurança", afirmou o diretor da Anvisa, Ivo Bucaresky. O projeto é inspirado em iniciativas desenvolvidas em outras cidades do mundo, como Nova Iorque e Los Angeles. Ele classifica os estabelecimentos em 3 categorias. A nota A é a melhor pontuação, concedida para estabelecimentos que cometeram poucas falhas. Na primeira etapa, 20% foram enquadrados nessa categoria. A nota B é dada para aqueles que cometem mais falhas que os do grupo A, mas com impacto não relevante para saúde. Essa classificação foi dada para 40% dos estabelecimentos.
No grupo C, com menor pontuação, mas com qualidade considerada ainda aceitável, foram incluídos 24,4% dos estabelecimetos. Todos restaurantes, lanchonetes e bares com classificações A, B ou C são seguros para o consumidor, com condição sanitária satisfatória. Os restaurantes que não atingiram o padrão mínimo, chamados "pendentes",  foram autuados e obrigados a reparar as falhas. Uma nova rodada de avaliação está em curso.  Os resultados devem sair em maio. Somente estabelecimentos que participaram do programa serão obrigados a afixar os selos. "Esperamos encontrar nessa segunda etapa um resultado melhor. É esse o nosso objetivo", afirmou a gerente do grupo de alimentação, Denise  Resende.
Os selos serão mantidos até agosto, quando o projeto passa para uma fase de avaliação. A fiscalização é feita pelas vigilâncias locais, com base num roteiro de 54 itens. Dois pontos considerados essenciais para classificação A é a existência de um responsável técnico e de boas práticas para preparação dos alimentos. "Não fizemos uma avaliação de bom, ótimo. Tentamos fugir dessa classificação, porque todos com selo estão dentro dos níveis aceitáveis", afirmou a gerente. Na segunda etapa, quando selos forem concedidos, estará disponível no site da Anvisa a lista com classificação dos estabelecimentos que integram o projeto piloto. Até lá, as informações se referem à média encontrada pelas cidades.
"Para o projeto piloto se transformar numa iniciativa perene, serão analisados uma série de fatores. Incluindo a adesão dos municípios e vigilâncias sanitárias", disse Bucaresky. Ele afirmou que a classificação não está relacionada ao preço, mas apenas a condições sanitárias. Entre os itens avaliados estão a roupa usada pelas pessoas que preparam os alimentos e a temperatura em que são mantidos os ingredientes. O aeroporto de Manaus é o único do roteiro da Copa que não participou da avaliação. "Ele estava em reforma, por isso não integrou a iniciativa", disse Denise.
Resultados. A pior situação encontrada pelos fiscais da vigilância sanitária foi em Olinda, no Pernambuco: 44,4% dos estabelecimentosda cidade foram considerados pendentes, porque não conseguiram atingir o padrão mínimo de qualidade. Eles estão em processo administrativo - e parte pode ter sido fechada. Em seguida, vem a cidade pernambucana de Jaboatão do Guararapes, onde a pendência foi registrada em 41,37% dos estabelecimentos. Cuiabá tem a terceira pior classficação: 41% de pendência. A melhor situação foi encontrada em Gramado, no Rio Grande do Sul, onde77,4% de estabelecimentos tiveram a melhor nota. Em seguida, vem Mata do São João, na Bahia, com 53,8% de notas máximas.
Em São Paulo, 39% dos estabelecimentos de alimentação foram classificados como A, 54,6% receberam nota B e 6,4%, nota C. Do total, 0,9% não conseguiram atingir o padrão mínimo. No Aeroporto de Guarulhos, 79,07% foram classificados com nota A. Outros 18,6% com nota B e 2,3% foram i ncluídos na categoria C. Nenhum foi classificado como pendente. Brasília teve um desempenho pior. Dos estabelecimentos analisados na cidade, 16,5% foram classificados como pendentes. No aeroporto da capital do País, 5,26% dos estabelecimentos foram considerados com número de falhas superior ao tolerado.

Fonte: Jornal O Estadão

          Plano prevê 37 ações para desenvolver o turismo em Curitiba   
A versão final do Plano de Desenvolvimento Integrado do Turismo Sustentável (PDITS) de Curitiba foi aprovada na tarde desta terça-feira (29) durante audiência pública, realizada no Salão Nobre da Prefeitura Municipal.
O plano tem 37 ações para serem implantadas com o objetivo de impulsionar o turismo no município, que abrangem temas ligados também a cultura e ao meio-ambiente, tais como investimentos em nove parques da cidade, requalificação da paisagem urbana na região central da cidade e centro histórico, desenvolvimento de sistema de armazenamento provisório e coleta de lixo nesta região, ordenamento da Feira do largo da Ordem entre outras.
Essas ações estimam investimento de R$ 236 milhões, sendo que até R$ 216 milhões podem ser captados por linhas de crédito junto ao Banco Interamericano de Desenvolvimento (BID), a partir do Prodetur.  A liberação deste valor, entretanto, depende da apresentação de projetos e aprovação destes.
Representantes da Ambiens Sociedade Cooperativa, empresa responsável pelo estudo para formação do plano, apresentaram os dados obtidos durante quase dois anos de levantamento e interpretação de informações.
Desenvolvimento
O PDITS de Curitiba é o instrumento técnico para planejamento e gestão da política pública municipal na área de turismo e tem como objetivo orientar o crescimento do setor em bases sustentáveis, em curto, médio e longo prazo, estabelecendo a definição de ações, as prioridades, e a tomada de decisão. O plano da capital paranaense ainda será submetido à aprovação do Ministério do Turismo e, assim que isso ocorra, a cidade estará inserida no Prodetur  - ­ Programas Regionais de Desenvolvimento do Turismo, do governo federal – e apta a receber recursos para o desenvolvimento de projetos na área.
A importância de integrar o Prodetur é a possibilidade que Curitiba ganha para a captação de recursos na área de turismo. “A partir da apresentação do PDITS, projetos poderão ser detalhados e poderemos captar recursos junto ao governo federal e BID, que são atualmente os grandes investidores na área do turismo, e que irão apoiar a Prefeitura neste planejamento estratégico a médio prazo”, disse a presidente da Agência Curitiba, Gina Paldino.
“Incluída no PDITS, Curitiba ganha mais uma alternativa para obtenção de linhas de crédito para o desenvolvimento do turismo local, geração de empregos e divisas. O PDITS será uma importante ferramenta que norteará o planejamento do CTur”, diz o presidente do Instituto Municipal de Turismo (CTur),  Paulo Colnaghi.
Participaram também da audiência diretores do CTur, a presidente da Agência Curitiba, Gina Paladino, membros do Conselho Municipal do Turismo (Comtur) e do Ministério do Turismo (MTur).
União
Iniciado em setembro de 2012 o PDITS Curitiba foi desenvolvido em seis etapas: plano de trabalho e formulação dos objetivos, diagnóstico estratégico, validação e estratégias, Plano de ação e feedback, versão preliminar e versão final. Cada uma destas etapas foi apresentada e debatida durante reuniões do Comtur.
A participação conjunta do poder público e da iniciativa privada na constituição do PDITS é na posterior implementação das ações é o que pode alavancar o setor do turismo na capital, segundo o professor da UFPR, doutor José Manoel Gândara. “O PDITS foi construído em conjunto entre poder público e iniciativa privada e isso gera comprometimento e também um direcionamento de ações em comum. O que é muito importante”, afirmou.

FONTE:http://www.curitiba.pr.gov.br/noticias/plano-preve-37-acoes-para-desenvolver-o-turismo-em-curitiba/32751

          Organisateur(trice) communautaire - CHARLEVOIX - Le Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux (CIUSSS) de la Capitale-Nationale - Charlevoix, QC   
Détenir un premier diplôme universitaire terminal en sciences humaines ; LIBELLÉ DU TITRE D'EMPLOI :.... $23.28 - $41.20 an hour
From Le Centre intégré universitaire de santé et de services sociaux (CIUSSS) de la Capitale-Nationale - Tue, 20 Jun 2017 22:25:07 GMT - View all Charlevoix, QC jobs
          Turismo de narcóticos, tendencia al alza.   



La legalización de la marihuana en el Estado de Colorado ha disparado el interés por viajar a dicha parte de Estados Unidos, según muestran las estadísticas de hotels.com. El turismo del porro o de narcóticos también es una tendencia en Jamaica, pero en otros países como Uruguay se quiere evitar este tipo de viajes mientras que en Holanda se busca una mayor regulación.






Desde principios de año las personas mayores de 21 años pueden comprar y consumir marihuana "para uso recreativo" en Colorado. La venta, limitada a 28 gramos, se permite sólo en 160 establecimientos especializados del Estado. A este producto se le aplica un impuesto estatal del 25%.
Existen además medio millar de farmacias en Colorado donde se puede comprar marihuana para usos médicos.
Durante los tres primeros meses del año, la búsqueda de hoteles en la ciudad de Denver, capital de Colorado, ha aumentado un 25% respecto al mismo período del año pasado, según hotels.com.
En cualquier caso, la posesión de marihuana en los aeropuertos está prohibida, así como en parques nacionales y estaciones de esquí.

Jamaica
Al tratarse de una actividad ilícita y para evitar posibles problemas con la justicia, los turistas deben demostrar que realmente son excursionistas y no policías de incógnito fumándose un cigarro de marihuana delante del guía. 
Uruguay
Por otra parte, la ministra de Turismo y Deporte de UruguayLiliam Kechichián, recordaba recientemente que, tras la regularización del consumo de cannabis en el país, no se producirá "bajo ningún concepto" un paquete turístico relacionado con su consumo.
Y es que según ha recordado la ministra de Turismo, la ley estipula que solo podrán acceder al cannabis los residentes uruguayos.
Las autoridades uruguayas han remarcado que el objetivo de esta legislación responde a la necesidad de buscar nuevas vías para combatir el narcotráfico, después de que las más represivas se hayan mostrado obsoletas.
Holanda
En mayo de 2011, entró en vigor en Holanda una ley que limitaba la venta de marihuana en los 'coffeeshops' en tres provincias del sur del país. Ver Holanda pone fin al turismo de los "coffeeshops".

Sin embargo, en noviembre de 2012 el alcalde de Ámsterdam anunció que los turistas extranjeros podrán seguir accediendo a los 220 coffeeshops de la ciudad y consumir marihuana libremente. Ver El turismo del porro se mantendrá en Amsterdam.
Ámsterdam recibe anualmente unos siete millones de turistas, de los que se estima que aproximadamente medio millón acude a esos establecimientos a fumar marihuana.

Fonte: www.hosteltur.com

          Por interesse local, município pode legislar sobre o meio ambiente   
Na defesa de interesses locais, cabe ao município legislar sobre a proteção ao meio ambiente e o combate à poluição. Assim entendeu o Supremo Tribunal Federal ao concluir julgamento iniciado há 13 anos e negar recurso de empresas de transporte coletivo em Belo Horizonte contra normas da capital m...
          The Value of Family Branding   
Throughout history, business families and the skills and capital they bring have been the engine room for entrepreneurial activity and growth of economies around the world. To mark National Family Business Day (19th of September each year), the University of Adelaide, together with Family Business Australia held a seminar, ‘The Value of Family Branding’. Facilitated by [...]
          Bangalore Escorts posted a blog post   
Bangalore Escorts posted a blog post

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          Police defuse bomb near US embassy in Manila   

Police on Monday defused an explosive device on a main road near the United States embassy in the Philippine capital of Manila.


          El Pueblo Diez Tres (Vacation Rentals) - Kralendijk - Bonaire - Netherlands Antilles   
El Pueblo Diez Tres This beautiful two bedroom villa Diez Tres is located on the charming cliff-side area in the northern part of the island Bonaire and is part El Pueblo villas. Only 15 minute drive to Bonaire´s capital Kralendijk and only 27 villas will be constructed. ...
          Bonaire Oceanfront Apartments (Vacation Rentals) - Kralendijk - Bonaire - Netherlands Antilles   
Bonaire Oceanfront Apartments Sun Rentals Bonaire has a very interesting package for your upcoming (dive) vacation on the Netherlands Antilles. Book now one of our pretty, sea-view apartments at our small-scale resort Bonaire Oceanfront Apartments. Bonaire Oceanfront Apartments is located downtown Kralendijk, the capital of Bonaire. ...
          Radiographer - Radpro Recruitment Agency - East Rand, Gauteng   
*Sales Representative* * Job Type: Permanent * Range of Clients: all human private & state hospital capital equipment buyers, private radiologist practices &...
From Indeed - Mon, 26 Jun 2017 08:52:00 GMT - View all East Rand, Gauteng jobs
          La Sagrada Familia. El paraíso terrenal de Gaudí.   


Si sois unos apasionados de la arquitectura tenéis que adentraros en la maravillosa obra La Sagrada Familia. El paraíso terrenal de Gaudí

Seáis habitantes de Barcelona, de España o de cualquier rincón del mundo os encantará dado que es la “biografía” a modo de tratado arquitectónico de tan insigne construcción e icono de la cultura internacional.

Es poco cuestionable que uno de los arquitectos más importantes, innovadores y realmente con sello propio de estos últimos siglos es el inigualable Antoni Gaudí.

Enamorado de la naturaleza, de la luz, de la sinuosidad y con un gran sentimiento religioso deseó dejar en la Tierra una muestra de su gran fe y de la grandeza de ésta.

Entre arquitectos se entienden y esta obra escrita por Gijs van Hensbergen es de las más completas y precisas sobre esta basílica y monumento ya que además de tratarla de manera holística nos muestra el contexto histórico y social de cada época, desde que se ideó hasta que empezaron a manifestarse sus primeros admiradores y sus esquivables detractores.

Pensando en el modelo urbanístico de hace muchos años igual sí que sería justificable dudar de tanta genialidad e imaginación pero con tesón y valentía dejó a más de uno con la boca abierta y a otros se la cerró de golpe.

Entrar en el templo es una experiencia mágica pero después de leer esta obra aún lo es más, nos cuenta miles de cosas con un vocabulario muy accesible y un gran poder didáctico para aumentar nuestra experiencia sensorial al visitarla.

Desde los vitrales, a las múltiples representaciones de las fachadas e incluso el valor decorativo que otorga a elementos funcionales tales como bigas, techos y cerrados le dan un significado completo y unitario que enamora.

Nada es azaroso, todo es colosal. 

Si tanta gente pasa cada año por su pasillo central, sube a observar las técnicas usadas para crear espacios tan innovadores o simplemente para disfrutar de su belleza no es de extrañar que muchos sean los que se interesen por llegar a sus más recónditos detalles y misterios.

Si algo tenia Antoni Gaudí era el uso de los símbolos en todo aquello que creaba y esta obra tiene muchísimas muestras.

¿Los queréis conocer? ¿Queréis saber cómo se fue desarrollando este icono del “skyline” de la capital catalana?

Id a la librería y gracias a Debolsillo disfrutareis de los encantos de un genio, de sus pensamientos, de su emoción unida a los conocimientos y el desarrollo de su obra.

¿Cómo sería si la hubiera podido acabar? ¿Qué hubiera sentido al verla finalizada? ¿Qué pensaría si viese lo mucho que la valoramos hoy en día?

Eso ya no lo sabremos pero es otro gran homenaje de este autor y arquitecto hacia uno de los maestros de maestros.

Si os ha gustado también os invitamos a descubrir su otro libro sobre Antoni Gaudí, no lo dudéis, es una auténtica maravilla.


          Man, juvenile accomplice held for killing wife's 'paramour'   

New Delhi, July 2 (IANS) A 38-year-old man, along with his juvenile accomplice, has been held in the national capital for killing a man on the suspicion that he was having an affair with his wife, police said on Saturday.

Police said the accused -- Vinod Kumar and his juvenile accomplice -- were apprehended in Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh on a tip-off.

Kumar, along with his accomplice, had murdered Shanu, 23, on June 30 in east Delhi's Bhajanpura area.

According to police, on June 30, the Police Control Room (PCR) received a complaint that under Bhajanpura Police Station area, people had heard screams of a man, "Bachao-Bachao" (save me), from a locked house, which was later found belonging to Kumar.

"Police reached the spot and found a dead body, which was later identified as Shanu's. It was wrapped in a quilt in the house," Deputy Commissioner of Police A.K. Singla said.

Police found that Shanu had been stabbed nearly 25 times with a knife, Singla said.

"During interrogation, Kumar told interrogators that he killed Shanu on suspicion (of him having an affair with his wife). He with the help of juvenile overpowered and killed Shanu on June 30 when he came near his residence. They then escaped to Aligarh in Uttar Pradesh," the officer added.

--IANS

sp/nir


          Can't accept apology from Delhi Golf Club, says victim   

Shillong, July 2 (IANS) Tailin Lyngdoh, the tribal Khasi woman, who was subjected to discrimination at the Delhi Golf Club for wearing her traditional dress, on Saturday said that the she cannot reconcile with those who broke her heart.

"I will never accept any apology as I was deeply hurt by the manner in which I was insulted and discriminated against. I would also never set foot in the Club ever again," Lyngdoh told journalists.

"If you try and fix a broken glass, you won't be able to hide the cracks of the glass. Therefore, it will be difficult for me to accept any apology from them now," she stated.

On June 25, Lyngdoh, a governess, had gone to the Club, along with her employer Nivedita Barthakur, after they were invited for lunch by a Club member.

Some 15-20 minutes into the lunch, two Club officials asked Lyngdoh to leave the table and the Club, saying her dress was a "maid's uniform" and also allegedly hurled racial abuses.

Lyngdoh, who finally reached Shillong, the state capital of Meghalaya, Saturday afternoon, met and shared with the members of Meghalaya State Women's Commission and women's rights activists on the unfortunate incident at the elitist golf club for wearing a Jainsem.

"I felt hurt and insulted when I was discriminated against at the Club, which is in my own homeland. I have been to many clubs and restaurants abroad but no has ever insulted me," Lyngdoh, who with her employer Nivedita Barthakur, said.

"I want the Meghalaya government and civil society groups and my fellow tribesmen to come forward in taking up the incident which happened at the Club, so that no such discrimination is meted out to anyone in the future," she said.

Meanwhile, Barthakur appealed to the people across the northeastern states to come out in support of Lyngdoh.

"This is not the first time that such an incident has happened. These things keep happening. Therefore, I am appealing to the people of the Northeast to stand up together.

"Here is a lady who was humiliated for her profession, for the way she looks and for the way she dressed. Let us not just make it into Tailin's voice alone. It should be the voice of everyone. Enough is enough," Barthakur said.

On her meeting with the women's commission Chairperson, she said: "I am convinced that they are with us and will take proactive action. We are going back with hope."

Chief Minister Mukul Sangma, who had raised the issue with Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijiju, said such discrimination needs to be condemned by one and all.

He had also urged the central government to direct Delhi Police to file a suo motu case against the Delhi Golf Club for the racial abuse.

"All legal options available as per the Scheduled Tribe Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989 and more will be taken advantage of, so that such behaviour is not repeated," Sangma said.

The Meghalaya State Women's Commission, which held a meeting with prominent women's organisations, has unanimously condemned the "despicable act of discrimination and racism" and lack of grace on the part of the management of the Club.

"The comments made by the management on the attire of Lyngdoh has gravely insulted and hurt the sentiments of Khasis (a tribal community in Meghalaya). Further, the comments made violated the social and cultural rights of Lyngdoh," commission's Chairperson, Theilin Phanbuh said.

In a Khasi society which is egalitarian, all Khasi women would wear the Jainsem, which was the traditional attire of the Khasis and the same was worn by the Khasis in India and abroad, she said.

"It (Jainsem) represents the identity of a woman who wears it every day and it is the most modest, dignified, graceful, versatile and elegant attire. India is a land of unity in the midst of diversity and as such, it is unfortunate that the management of the Club cannot make a distinction between a traditional Indian attire and that of a neighboring country," Phanbuh said.

The Jainsem has been showcased in many fashion shows, including the Lakme Fashion Week as well as the London Fashion Week, World Intellectual Property Organisation and many others.

"It is unfortunate that the world is aware and appreciates the Jainsem whereas our Indian brethren are ignorant of the same," Phanbuh said.

--IANS

rrk/nir


          Two arrested in Delhi jewellery shop robbery case   

New Delhi, July 1 (IANS) Two robbers have been arrested in connection with a broad daylight robbery in a jewellery shop in the national capital, police said on Saturday.

Police said the accused persons -- Rakesh Rastogi, 57, and Raja Ram Deshmukh, 55, natives of Muradabad in Uttar Pradesh -- were wanted for a sensational robbery, committed on June 15 in a jewellery shop in south Delhi's Malviya Nagar area.

"Rastogi and Deshmukh were arrested on Saturday afternoon from Botanical Garden Metro Station in Noida's Sector 37 following a tip-off. Police also recovered robbed gold jewellery valued at several lakhs of rupees from their possession," Deputy Commissioner of Police Ishwar Singh told IANS.

"Police had on June 27 arrested their other associates, identified as Azeem, 26, Dilshad Mohammad, 26, and Saurabh Verma, 24, from different areas of Uttar Pradesh. With covered faces and carrying firearms and meat choppers, they entered victim Pramod Jain's jewellery shop in Malviya Nagar," Singh said.

They threatened Jain and escaped with all the jewellery, valued at Rs 65 lakh, from his shop, the police officer added.

"Both Rastogi and Deshmukh are being produced in the court and will be taken on police remand to unearth the entire conspiracy of the daring robbery. Several teams of south District are conducting raids at Bijnor, Moradabad and Muzaffarnagar in Uttar Pradesh to arrest the remaining accused," he added.

--IANS

sp/nir


          Le manuscrit du « Procès » de Franz Kafka exposé à Berlin   
Le manuscrit du célèbre roman « Procès » de Franz Kafka est actuellement exposé à Berlin. Il est à voir jusqu’au 28 août prochain dans la salle Martin-Gropius-Bau, au centre de la capitale allemande. L’exposition présente l’original du livre de 171 pages, ainsi que les circonstances de sa création et…
          Évaluation des répercussions biophysiques et socioéconomiques potentielles du changement climatique sur les collectivités axées sur les ressources forestières : une étude de cas méthodologique.    
Ce rapport présente différentes méthodes d’évaluation des répercussions biophysiques et socioéconomiques potentielles du changement climatique, à des échelles pertinentes pour les collectivités axées sur les ressources forestières. Les méthodes sont testées et démontrées grâce à l’évaluation des ces répercussions au sein de la collectivité de Vanderhoof, en Colombie-Britannique. Tout d’abord, on élabore des historiques et des scénarios climatiques à référence spatiale pour la région de Vanderhoof, dans une zone d’étude de 200 km sur 200 km. Ensuite, ces données climatiques sont liées à de nouveaux modèles et de nouvelles méthodes de prévision des changements en ce qui concerne la productivité, les espèces et les risques d’incendies de forêt, et ce, selon les conditions établies par le changement climatique. Par la suite, on conçoit et met en application des méthodes pour permettre de faire un lien entre les changements concernant la productivité et les changements potentiels du taux de récolte et du revenu global des ménages. Finalement, on met de l’avant une approche pour lier, présenter et comparer les résultats qui découlent des différentes méthodes. Cette approche tient compte à la fois du changement climatique et des changements socioéconomiques connexes qui ont lieu dans l’environnement externe de la collectivité en plus de reconnaître l’incertitude intrinsèque des scénarios climatiques et socioéconomique. Cette approche tire son fondement de la création de scénarios de cartes radar multiniveaux, qui sont ensuite fusionnées pour ne former qu’une seule carte radar fournissant un résumé concis des répercussions potentielles que peut causer le changement au sein d’une collectivité en particulier. L’évaluation de la vulnérabilité d’une collectivité tend à se rapporter surtout à une région définie. Néanmoins, l’étude de cas de la collectivité de Vanderhoof indique les zones particulièrement sensibles des collectivités axées sur les ressources forestières et donc, présentant une grande vulnérabilité face aux répercussions du changement climatique. Ce phénomène pourrait augmenter le risque d’incendies au sein des forêts qui entourent les collectivités et avoir un impact (positif, négatif ou les deux) sur l’approvisionnement forestier, et ainsi engendrer des changements dans l’économie locale en plus de faire augmenter le degré d’instabilité et d’incertitude. Par ailleurs, au fil du temps, ces réponses pourraient se révéler variables et non linéaires. L’expérience vécue par la collectivité de Vanderhoof en ce qui a trait au dendoctrone du pin ponderosa (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) démontre que le changement climatique peut avoir des répercussions sur le capital naturel d’autres collectivités qui dépendent de la forêt. Une diminution du capital naturel qui soutient une collectivité entraînera inévitablement des répercussions socioéconomiques négatives. Les autorités (municipales, provinciales et fédérales) pourraient utiliser les approches mentionnées dans la présente pour déterminer les endroits où le capital naturel est le plus à risque. Ces renseignements sont essentiels à l’élaboration de stratégies portant sur la protection du capital naturel existant, le remplacement du capital naturel ou encore la transformation du capital naturel à risque en d’autres types de ressources moins vulnérables au changement climatique.
          Assessing potential biophysical and socioeconomic impacts of climate change on forest-based communities: a methodological case study.   
Ce rapport présente différentes méthodes d’évaluation des répercussions biophysiques et socioéconomiques potentielles du changement climatique, à des échelles pertinentes pour les collectivités axées sur les ressources forestières. Les méthodes sont testées et démontrées grâce à l’évaluation des ces répercussions au sein de la collectivité de Vanderhoof, en Colombie-Britannique. Tout d’abord, on élabore des historiques et des scénarios climatiques à référence spatiale pour la région de Vanderhoof, dans une zone d’étude de 200 km sur 200 km. Ensuite, ces données climatiques sont liées à de nouveaux modèles et de nouvelles méthodes de prévision des changements en ce qui concerne la productivité, les espèces et les risques d’incendies de forêt, et ce, selon les conditions établies par le changement climatique. Par la suite, on conçoit et met en application des méthodes pour permettre de faire un lien entre les changements concernant la productivité et les changements potentiels du taux de récolte et du revenu global des ménages. Finalement, on met de l’avant une approche pour lier, présenter et comparer les résultats qui découlent des différentes méthodes. Cette approche tient compte à la fois du changement climatique et des changements socioéconomiques connexes qui ont lieu dans l’environnement externe de la collectivité en plus de reconnaître l’incertitude intrinsèque des scénarios climatiques et socioéconomique. Cette approche tire son fondement de la création de scénarios de cartes radar multiniveaux, qui sont ensuite fusionnées pour ne former qu’une seule carte radar fournissant un résumé concis des répercussions potentielles que peut causer le changement au sein d’une collectivité en particulier. L’évaluation de la vulnérabilité d’une collectivité tend à se rapporter surtout à une région définie. Néanmoins, l’étude de cas de la collectivité de Vanderhoof indique les zones particulièrement sensibles des collectivités axées sur les ressources forestières et donc, présentant une grande vulnérabilité face aux répercussions du changement climatique. Ce phénomène pourrait augmenter le risque d’incendies au sein des forêts qui entourent les collectivités et avoir un impact (positif, négatif ou les deux) sur l’approvisionnement forestier, et ainsi engendrer des changements dans l’économie locale en plus de faire augmenter le degré d’instabilité et d’incertitude. Par ailleurs, au fil du temps, ces réponses pourraient se révéler variables et non linéaires. L’expérience vécue par la collectivité de Vanderhoof en ce qui a trait au dendoctrone du pin ponderosa (Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins) démontre que le changement climatique peut avoir des répercussions sur le capital naturel d’autres collectivités qui dépendent de la forêt. Une diminution du capital naturel qui soutient une collectivité entraînera inévitablement des répercussions socioéconomiques négatives. Les autorités (municipales, provinciales et fédérales) pourraient utiliser les approches mentionnées dans la présente pour déterminer les endroits où le capital naturel est le plus à risque. Ces renseignements sont essentiels à l’élaboration de stratégies portant sur la protection du capital naturel existant, le remplacement du capital naturel ou encore la transformation du capital naturel à risque en d’autres types de ressources moins vulnérables au changement climatique.
          Whatever Happened to Stephen Topper & Topper Shoes?    
    

               Whatever Happened to Stephen Topper & Topper Shoes? 

If you were to browse through the men's fashion section of every other issue of Rave magazine from the mid 1960s onwards, I guarantee you would soon notice that the names Stephen Topper & Topper Shoes usually follow one after the other on a fairly regular basis. Much favoured by stylish young men about town, Topper Shoes were without a doubt one of the most happening footwear brands of the era. The clientele list included the British pop hierarchy such as The Rolling Stones, The Small Faces and The Who, as well as visiting international acts like Bob Dylan and Johnny Halliday...and yet, they seem to have 'almost' vanished from history. There is barely a trace of their legacy to be found online apart from the occasional Carnaby Street reference and a couple of interesting threads posted on 1960s/1970s style forums. Although in fairness, they have been name checked in several books and slightly elaborated upon in others through the personal stories of former customers, but there is no definitive account of the brand's heritage or any archival examples available all in one place that I am currently aware of. 

Topper shoes were already well established by the early 1960s, with three branches in London, one located at 68 Queensway in W2. and the others at 34 Coventry Street and 57 Shaftesbury Avenue in W1.  But they really came into their own when 18 year old Steven Topper, the owner's son, took the reins and headed for Carnaby Street. I don't have an exact date but he was definitely trading there by 1965, however, the earliest reference that i've come across in print from my personal magazine collection dates back to the 'London Swings' issue of Rave magazine from April 1966. Topper Shoes located at 45 Carnaby St is included in the poptastic illustrated Raver's Map of London along with a brief description of the shop on the next page.

By the following year they were featured in the Gear Guide a 'Hip-pocket guide to Britain's Swinging Fashion Scene' and while still brief, it gives a more detailed account of how things were progressing.  There were now two Topper Shoe shops on Carnaby Street, they were still at No.45 but also had a branch at No.9. The first one catered for men only, it was open Monday-Saturday 9.00 am-6.o0 pm with late night shopping until 7.00 pm on Thursday and Friday, with the range costing between three pounds to ten Guineas.  The other shop at No.9 had a 'beautifully cool interior in weird purply shades' it kept the same opening hours as the previous one but catered for Girls and Men..I've never seen any examples of their Girls shoes but apparently they had a wide and original range which cost from three pounds to five pounds-fifteen for shoes and from ninety-nine-and-elevenpence to seven pounds-nineteen and six for boots! All of the collections, which perfectly complimented the latest clothing for sale on the street were designed by Stephen Topper himself, and manufactured to a high standard in France and Italy.

According to Tom Salter's book about Carnaby Street there were a total of five Topper shoe shops in 1970,  i'm assuming at this point that he is referring to the original three that I have mentioned plus the last two..but then again, maybe not, perhaps some of the originals had closed and there were more branches in Carnaby Street or at new locations? It also says that the owner was a chap called 'Monty Stewart'...So, was Topper merely a business name rather than the actual family surname? While researching material for this post I came across a photograph of another branch at 146 Markham Street in SW3 (undated) and also a piece of film footage which features a Topper Shoe shop located on the King's Road circa 1977 but unfortunately the trail runs cold after that..Which leads me back to my original question...Whatever happened to Stephen Topper and Topper Shoes?



The Fortunes, suited and booted, outside Toppers at 57 Shaftesbury Avenue, London W.1., 1964. Photograph © Jeremy Fletcher .
          


                                          Early 1960s Topper Shoes business card.


                                          
The Raver's Map of London, an illustrated guide to the most happening Boutiques, Discotheques and Restaurants in the Capital as featured in Rave magazine's 72 page London Swings issue of April 1966...and Topper Shoes make the list!  The description of the shop on the following page says that it sells reasonably priced mod designed shoes, and that they always have the latest! Designed by Steve Topper, at prices ranging from £2 10s to £7.

                                                                     
                                                                               
A close-up of the Raver's map, According to this, Topper Shoes located at number 45 Carnaby Street is situated between John Stephen's Tre Camp (No.46) and Ravel (No.44), but in reality it was actually next to Inderwicks the Tobacconist & Pipe Specialist on the left and Ravel on the right. (April 1966).



A rare photograph of the Topper Shoe shop facade at 45 Carnaby Street, you can just about see Ravel, but the door on the left is clearly Inderwicks the tobacconist shop, which intriguingly also seems to be located at number 45 Carnaby St! (perhaps it was an a&b situation?). Photograph © mario de biasi/Mondadori Portfolio via Getty Images. (1966)


Inderwicks, the Pipe & Tobacco Specialist at 45 Carnaby St, illustrated by Malcolm English for Tom Salter's Carnaby Street book in 1970. The company was founded in 1797 by John Inderwick, the original shop located on Wardour Street was one of the earliest tobacconists in London. They may have seemed out of place in the midst of the Carnaby St pop explosion but stayed put nevertheless, resisting several tempting offers on their lease throughout this period. The pop revolution actually enhanced their business rather threaten it, as curious Carnaby St shoppers spilled off the busy pavement and ventured in to buy their specialist tobacco blends, cigarettes and the long clay Churchwardens, Corncobs and Meerschaum pipes which they had been selling for 170 years. Above Inderwicks was the very first Aristos Boutique, it comprised of two rooms on the first floor, a small shop area in the front and a workroom in the back in which Constantinou Aristos ran up garments for girls. The son of a master tailor, he had graduated from the London College of Fashion in 1965 and with the profits from the fledgling boutique he soon opened up his second shop named Blooshp at 45 Newburgh Street, W1. He was eventually joined in the business by his younger brother Achillea, the two went on to expand the company, later renaming it Ariella in 1971.



Bob Dylan photographed by Barry Feinstein trying on shoes in Topper's (1966), He was at the end of a world tour at this point in time, playing The Royal Albert Hall twice while in London on May 26th & May 27th, so this was more than likely taken sometime on or around those dates. There seems to be a wall of fame in the background, perhaps made up of other well known celebrity customers, included are 'The Who' on Bob's immediate left, unmistakable in their pop art regalia.



High sand suede boots with leather linings to keep water out. Also in black leather and olive suede. From Steve Topper, Carnaby Street, London, W.1. Price £7 19s. 6d. (November 1966).



Brian Jones with his girlfriend Anita Pallenberg. December 3rd 1966. Brian is wearing a pair of two tone basket weave laced-up shoes by Topper.



The side and back view detail of Brian's two tone basket weave lace-ups by Topper, December 3rd 1966. 



All of the shoes featured here are by Topper.  Left: Shirt, £5 19s. 6d. Cape and topcoat for spying! Coat, £9 19s. 6d, cape £2. 19s. 6d. Trousers, £3 19s. 6d. All from Take Six, Wardour Street, W.1. Shoes, 69s, 11., from Topper.  Middle: Prime ministerial shirt in purple satin with super puffed sleeves, £2 15s. Black trench coat, £17 17s. 6d. Wool hessian trousers in charcoal, £4 9s. All from Adam W.1, Kingly Street, London, W.1. Shoes, 99s.11d., from Topper. Right: Aristocratic double-breasted suit from John Stephen, price 18 gns, 16s. 6d. Pink seersucker shirt from Paul's boutique, 79s. 11d. Macao canvas and leather shoes, 85s., from Topper. (February 1967).



Ian McLagan of The Small Faces photographed at home for an article in Rave, he's wearing the same style of basket weave laced-up shoe from Topper of Carnaby Street that Brian Jones has on in the previous photos above. (April 1967).




Harris Tweed suit with waisted jacket and turn-ups. It costs 16gns. at Take Six Boutique, Wardour Street, London, W.1.  Also from Take Six is the fabulous skinny sweater in bright green. It's got a purple band on the roll neck collar, and costs 40s. 6d. Completing the outfit are casual shoes from Steve Topper, Carnaby Street, London W.1. They're in red-brown and black leather. Price £5 9s. 6d. (February 1968).


In spite of this issue's slew of teenage worries, there's still just enough space left to promote the new summer range from Topper Shoes, these are from the branch located at No.9, Carnaby Street. Left to Right: Slip-on in hessian, Natural or Ice Blue, 59s. 11d., Cord boots in Camel or Brown, 59s. 11d., Lace-up in Navy or Natural, 49s. 11d., Canvas slip-on in White or Brown, 49s. 11d. All shoes are lightweight and ideal for the beach. (August 1968).




Signage over one the Topper  Shoe shops on Carnaby Street.





       

Topper Shoes, 45 Carnaby St (just seen on left next to Ravel) still going strong eight years later in October 1973. (Photo by Evening Standard/Hulton Archive/Getty Images).



               Topper Shoes 146 Markham Street, Chelsea SW3. Photograph courtesy of Sixties City.

         


The facade of another Topper shoe shop, which was included in a short news report for Thames Television in 1977 about the 'health concerns' associated with the fashion fad for wearing platform shoes! I'm not sure of the exact address of this branch, I think this is most likely to be the side view of the building rather than the main entrance, but it is definitely located somewhere on the King's Road. The precise number of the shop could be close to 59b, which is just seen on a door above the head of the interviewer for a couple of seconds at one point. I can't quite make out the name above the premises behind the Topper van opposite, but just beyond is a branch of Irvine Sellars' Mates boutique. Several interviews take place throughout the footage, there is one in particular filmed right outside Topper's with a young chap who seems to be fairly knowledgeable about the customer base, I can't help wondering if this is the manager of the shop or perhaps the elusive Steven Topper himself? I've also included a link to some footage of outtakes from the same film at the end of the post which provides excellent examples of popular street footwear and fashion of the time, lots of platform shoes, boots and wedged heels worn with flares, maxis and minis! Although, there is some discrepancy regarding the correct date via Pathé, who have credited it as 1970 this time round rather than 1977.




An interview outside Topper Shoes SW3, 1977. (No. 59b just seen above, on the door in the background).





                                                   Could this be the elusive Stephen Topper?




An example of a pair of Lace Up, Leather Ox Blood, Bubble Toe, Crepe Wedges with matching suede side panel - which were available from Topper's in Carnaby Street circa 1972/73, they also came in black with a grey suede side panel. I'd be interested to hear from anyone who is still in possession of a pair of these or who knows the whereabouts of a pair for sale, and also any other information relating to  Stephen Topper & Topper Shoes. Note: Also known as/or referred to as Steven and Steve, throughout various original 1960s magazine articles).


                                                                  IMAGE CREDITS
All images credited in descending order: The Fortunes 1964. Photograph © Jeremy Fletcher courtesy of Carnaby Street The Musical, Topper Shoes business card courtesy of the Mod to Suedehead thread on StyleForum, Raver's Map of London & close-up scanned by Sweet Jane from Rave Magazine April 1966, Topper Shoes facade 45 Carnaby Street © mario de biasi/Mondadori 1966, Inderwicks the Pipe & Tobacco Specialist illustrated by Malcolm English scanned by Sweet Jane from Carnaby Street by Tom Salter 1970, Bob Dylan © Barry Feinstein 1966, Just Dennis/Topper Shoes scanned by Sweet Jane from Rave Magazine November 1966, Brian Jones & Anita Pallenberg December 3rd 1966 Photo courtesy of Bentley Archive/Popperfoto/ and J. Wilds/Keystone/Getty Images, Just Dennis/Topper Shoes scanned by Sweet Jane from Rave Magazine February 1967, Ian McLagan scanned by Sweet Jane from Rave Magazine April 1967, Johnny Rave scanned by Sweet Jane from Rave Magazine February 1968 & August 1968, Topper  Shoe signage screenshot from The History of Carnaby Street archive footage, Topper Shoes, 45 Carnaby St 1973 courtesy of Evening Standard/Hulton Archive/Getty Images, Topper Shoes 146 Markham Street courtesy of Sixties City, Topper Shoes King's Road screenshots courtesy of Thames Television via British Pathé. Ox Blood Crepe Wedges courtesy of the Mod to Suedehead thread on Styleforum. 

                                                 LINKS & FURTHER READING
Watch 'Eat The Document' a documentary film of Bob Dylan's 1966 tour of the United Kingdom directed by D.A. Pennebaker here. View the aforementioned outtakes from the Thames Television 'Platform Shoes' news report here. A review of Sympathy for the Devil - The birth of the Rolling Stones and the death of Brian Jones here. You'll find an example of an Inderwicks Shell Bulldog Pipe here. Participate in the Mod to Suedehead thread on Styleforum here. Visit the Sixties City website here. A pair of Topper shoes featured in 'The French Cut' over on the Film Noir Buff website here. Discover more about the early years of Ariella here. Whatever Happened to The Likely Lads here. And finally, The Buzzcocks wanna know Whatever Happened to? (well, quite a lot of stuff actually!) here .


          Should SEO and PPC Marry Each Other, Date or Just Stay Single?   

SEO or Organic Search Marketing and PPC or Paid Search Marketing/Advertisement, both have same goal to get your site found through keyword search in varios search engines. So, is the goal so common that they should get married? Or should SEO and PPC date, or just stay single?

Should SEO and PPC Marry Each Other, Date or Just Stay Single?

What if SEO and PPC Get Married?

Let’s define marriage first:

Marriage is about mutual understanding and about the economy of utilizing the limited combined resources in an efficient way for better life, if not, better future.

Well, that’s not a perfect one, but in Economics, it should sound like that. If I translate that for corporate language than it would be this:

Mutual Understanding between SEO & PPC

If SEO and PPC are operating differently, then they are learning in different ways. This can mean doing the same homework over and over again. Not doing the homework separately is very healthy for the economy. That’s why we see the giant companies acquiring (or marrying) the small companies. So that, the homework is not done again in the same economy. Even though, the giants have the setup to do it all over again. But, that’s bad for the industry. You are increasing the competition without adding any value to the economy.

So, whoever the husband between SEO or PPC is, both of their understanding can help each other greatly. PPC can use the learning from SEO and vice versa to reduce marketing cost and increase ROI. Isn’t that what the companies and advertisers are looking for? With mutual understanding, they can mutually reduce their homework and add value to the economy.

Utilizing Combined Resources

Before marriage, you probably have been using a small blender for milk shake that served your single user need. But, after marriage you can afford a better blender, which costs less than 2 blenders alone. i.e. you can also cut the capital investment and cost if you have SEO and PPC together. Moreover, they also can interchange their duties to perform other important tasks for the growth of your business.

Utilizing Limited Resources

You definitely have a budget for your marketing, from which you can’t go beyond. So, you should economize on getting more sales with less money. Since you are in fixed budget for SEO, you can cutout the variable budget for PPC, when you have competitive advantage in organic results for a specific keyword. So, for PPC you can only explore the markets, where you don’t have competitive advantage on. That’s should make the great use of your limited budget. So, managing these in separate units would mean extra cost for you, since there wouldn’t be any synchronization between these two units.

Utilizing Resources in an Efficient Way

When you have total understanding of your Search Marketing, you can have the flexibility to implement your strategy and set the players in the field. Thereby, you can play a good and strategic game utilizing every resource efficiently. Moreover, you can also reduce waste or spillover, which is a major factor in reducing cost and maximizing profit.

Enjoying a Better Life

Companies can gain greater ROI from the marriage and the management can also get all the information for their strategy from one source. So, that’ll make life easier and comfortable. It is obvious that combined SEO and PPC saves money for you. In return, you get greater ROI.

For a Better Future

In harsh situations, when comfortable life can’t be ensured, marriages are made in the intention to have better future. Investments are also like marriages craving for better future. Getting the reward right away isn’t possible. Combined investment in SEO and PPC can mean quicker break even. Moreover, as resources are utilized efficiently, the chance of having better life is quicker than having them separated.

What are alternatives if they can’t marry each other?

Date Each Other?

Now, if it happens that SEO and PPC can’t marry, then they can go out on dates from time to time to share things together. Even if they are separate, they should share each other’s learning from time to time by synchronizing each other and go toward a mutual understanding.

That way, some cost for advertising and marketing can be reduced by removing ad spending away from PPC, when SEO has organically reached its goal for a specific keyword. However, it can be more time consuming if you are to synchronize learning within these units.

Be Neighbors?

If they don’t synchronize, then the best way to learn from each other is by staying in the same premises and experiencing social and corporate activities together. That also can expand their learning. This can also mean hiring same internet marketing agency with separate units running campaigns with separate PMs.

What happens if SEO and PPC are Single?

SEO and PPC in the isolated island may mean loss in terms of the many benefits I mentioned above. But, not always their marriage is necessary. Their marriage can encourage cost reduction. But sometimes for the sake of online branding and converting visitors into sales takes more than just strict control of organic search marketing and paid search advertisement.

In the sales funnel, from visitors to sales, the communication and information feeding should be made several times before the purchase. So, limiting your doorways for the visitors to your business can harm you, if you are planning to sale big.

In case of online sales funnel, remember that:

  • Not all search engine visitors are your customers,
  • All those that find you when searching may not be your customer,
  • All the people that return to your site, doesn’t mean that they will make an inquiry,
  • All the people that makes an inquiry about your product or services, doesn’t mean that they will purchase your product.

So, in all stages of the sales funnel, there should be multiple ways for the visitor to get information about your company or product. If you have done SEO and simultaneously running PPC for content network (AdWords for AdSense), the chances are, when the visitor is reading something related, s/he might come back to your site.

Otherwise, after going a long way, the visitor might buy from the last good outlet s/he could remember, even though you were in top of the search (SEO efficient) when s/he found you earlier.

This happens to us always, when we go to a special product mall. Everyone visits the front stalls, but you happen to buy from a stall inside the mall. There is almost no extra competitive advantage for being the front stall (SEO effecient), when you have product that visitors always move around to find a good bargain. Getting these temporarily lost customers back to your site for sale is called retargeting. So, for retargeting, you need to be more liberal on SEO and PPC.

Another fact is, the objectives of SEO and PPC is not same. Most of the time PPC concetrates on Conversion and SEO on Branding & Reputation Building. I said “most of the time”, not “always”. e.g. Most popular keywords may not convert well and will mean unnecessary PPC spending on visitors that are not in action mode to purchase. But, popular keywords are good for Branding and Branding is one of the major targets for SEO. This difference in objectives is a good reason to stay in separate units.

Confused about marriage of SEO & PPC?

Well, if you have a product that visitors doesn’t care much about going for a good burgain (usually for cheaper products), having SEO and minor PPC dating is sufficient. If you are a small company, then having SEO and PPC get married would be a right choice. If you want to sell big, then SEO and PPC should stay single.

© of SEOPPCSMM.COM - Source: Should SEO and PPC Marry Each Other, Date or Just Stay Single?


          Is SEO Expenditure an Expense or Asset? Or Does SEO Cost influence Profitability?   

Your website is your intellectual real estate. Even though, you bear annual variable cost of maintaining the site, the cost never can be labeled as expense. After finishing your site, Search Engine Optimization (SEO) and Pay Per Click (PPC) to market your site, are they expense or adding value to your website? Let’s start with some definition:

Expense in terms of asset: The portion of the asset given away as variable cost for specific utility that has no reusability and to get the same utility, you have to pay again. e.g. advertising cost.

Asset in terms of expenditure: The expenditure invested as fixed cost for specific utility that has reusability. So with the investment, you get the same utility for a certain period of time. Please note that all assets are perishable, except for real estates. e.g. your computer is an asset not expenditure, but if you rent it, then it is expense.

Is SEO Expenditure an Expense or Asset? Or Does SEO Cost influence Profitability?

The accounting formula

Asset = Liability + Equity

i.e. Equity = Asset - Liability

In another analogy, Profitability = Capital – Expense

According to this formula, you can get more profit by decreasing expenditure or increasing capital. So, the more you add value to Capital, the more the profitability, even if you have to spend some expense to increase it. e.g. when you buy an asset, it does not get accounted into expense, rather into Asset or Capital.

Now, in terms of gaining profitability, how should the expenditure on SEO be labeled? As “Capital” or “Expense”? If it is a Capital Investment, then it will increase profitability, otherwise if expense, it will decrease your profitability.

Now, investment in SEO an expense or asset? 

In cost type analogy Profit = Fixed Asset - Variable Expense

Remember that cost on capital is fixed in nature, but expense can be variable. In that sense, PPC is an expenditure for your marketing. It is instantly perishable and each time you have to buy advertisement to get customers to your site. PPC is also a variable cost. So, this affects the expense, not the asset.

But, SEO is not like that. Because, it is not intended for short term marketing. SEO has reusability and brings you customers even after the SEO is finished. SEO expenditure has no attribute to be labeled as variable cost. Once you have done SEO on your site, you have added more value to your site, which in turn can have resale value. It’s not just $10 site anymore (the dollar amount you used for purchasing the domain).

So, SEO expense is a capital expenditure which increases your asset and should never be treated as expense that makes your site a marketing machine. 

Does SEO Cost influence Profitability?

We have tried to convince some customers that SEO doesn’t affect your profitability. Because, it becomes your asset. And asset is not expenditure that would negatively influence your profitability. The perishable behavior of SEO, may make it seem like expense. But, all assets are perishable. And we own a lot of short timed assets. So, if SEO expenditure is an asset, then you are increasing investment, not giving away money.

Can Advertising Convert into Asset?

Goodwill is something that has economic value. So, it is an asset. And achieving this involves much cost on marketing and advertising. Without marketing and advertising good will never can be achieved. If you consider long term affects, then advertising can also be converted into assets.

So, the next time you spend money on SEO and advertisement (for good will) in an effective way, don’t worry about the profitability of your company, brand or site.

© of SEOPPCSMM.COM - Source: Is SEO Expenditure an Expense or Asset? Or Does SEO Cost influence Profitability?


          Development Fund Awards Funding Requests Totaling $1,122,875 Million   
By ND Commerce
The North Dakota Development Fund, a loan program within the North Dakota Department of Commerce, awarded funding for five projects totaling $1,122,875 at its monthly board meeting held in April.
 
The North Dakota Development Fund was created in 1991 as an economic development tool. It provides flexible gap financing through debt and equity investments for new or expanding North Dakota primary sector businesses. Primary sector businesses create new wealth and are typically manufacturers, food processors and export service companies.
 
The following requests were funded:
 
Advanced Business Solutions, (Fargo) was awarded a $200,000 loan to finance working capital needs for an expansion project. The company provides web based subscription service for advisors to use and implement to address the issues of profitability and cash flow.
 
BioMagnetic Sciences, (Wahpeton) was awarded a $350,000 loan to finance working capital needs for an expansion project. BioMagnetic Sciences is a medical device company with products to treat osteoarthritis.
 
PHR Plus, (Fargo) was awarded a $250,000 loan to finance working capital needs for an expansion project.  PHR Plus is a digital health company that assists individuals to manage their health and medical information, and partners with organizations to power their population health programs.
 
Bright Futures Learning, (Fargo) was awarded $100,000 loan to be used to support planned growth. Bright Futures Learning is a new daycare center.
 
Skid-Lift, (Fargo) was awarded a $222,875 loan as a part of a total funding package with Bank Forward and Bank of North Dakota; to fund the purchase of equipment, office remodel, and repayment of royalties. The company produces a scissor lift used with a skid-steer.
 
The North Dakota Department of Commerce works to improve the quality of life for North Dakota citizens by leading efforts to attract, retain and expand wealth. Commerce serves businesses and communities statewide through committed people and partners who offer valuable programs and dynamic services.
 
For more North Dakota news and information go to www.NDCommerce.com.

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          Development Fund Awards Funding Requests Totaling $2.75 Million   
By ND Commerce
Bismarck, N.D. -- The North Dakota Development Fund, a loan program within the North Dakota Department of Commerce, awarded funding for five projects totaling $2,750,000 at its monthly board meeting held in February.
 
The North Dakota Development Fund was created in 1991 as an economic development tool. It provides flexible gap financing through debt and equity investments for new or expanding North Dakota primary sector businesses. Primary sector businesses create new wealth and are typically manufacturers, food processors and export service companies.
 
The following requests were funded:
 
ZuluFly, LLC, (Fargo) was awarded a $350,000 loan to finance working capital needs. The company is a developer of real-time locating system and radio-frequency identification software solutions.
 
CoSchedule, LLC, (Bismarck) was awarded a $1,000,000 loan to finance working capital needs, equipment purchases and improvements needed to be made by the company based upon its planned expansion. CoSchedule develops software used in social media markets.
 
Plains Mobile, Inc., (Linton) was awarded a $400,000 loan to finance working capital needs, equipment purchases and improvements needed to be made by the company based upon its planned expansion. The company develops an integrated cloud-based software aimed at simplifying business systems that interact with people, equipment and mobile devices.
 
BotLink, LLC, (Fargo) was awarded $500,000 loan to be used to support planned growth. BotLink develops software and hardware for fully integrated operations platforms that combines real-time date delivery, control and safety.
 
Valley City-Barnes County Development Corporation, (Valley City) was awarded a $500,000 loan to assist with workforce training for Eagle Creek Software Services.
 
The North Dakota Department of Commerce works to improve the quality of life for North Dakota citizens by leading efforts to attract, retain and expand wealth. Commerce serves businesses and communities statewide through committed people and partners who offer valuable programs and dynamic services.
 
For more North Dakota news and information go to www.NDCommerce.com.

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          Development Fund Awards Funding Requests Totaling $1,620,000   
By ND Commerce
The North Dakota Development Fund, a loan program within the North Dakota Department of Commerce, awarded funding for three projects totaling $1,625,000 at its monthly board meeting held in October. 

The North Dakota Development Fund was created in 1991 as an economic development tool. It provides flexible gap financing through debt and equity investments for new or expanding North Dakota primary sector businesses. Primary sector businesses create new wealth and are typically manufacturers, food processors and exported service companies. 

The following requests were funded: 
  • Harvest Fuel, Inc., (Walhalla) was awarded a $725,000 loan to expand operations at their Walhalla facility. Harvest Fuel sells a variety of feed supplement products for horses, beef and dairy cattle, sheep, goats, and other livestock. The products are designed to improve the digestive health and promote growth, while providing increased feed efficiency of up to 25 percent. 
  • FarmQA, Inc., (Fargo) was awarded a $750,000 loan to help fund working capital for an upcoming expansion. FarmQA develops various efficiency software programs for large-scale growers in the agricultural industry and also distributes the associated hardware.  
  • Mama Mia, Inc., (Fargo) was awarded $150,000 loan to be used to provide working capital. The company is a designer outlet store in a boutique environment with the purpose of finding, repurposing, and selling inventory through the MODE franchise stores. 
The North Dakota Department of Commerce works to improve the quality of life for North Dakota citizens by leading efforts to attract, retain and expand wealth. Commerce serves businesses and communities statewide through committed people and partners who offer valuable programs and dynamic services. 

For more North Dakota news and information go to www.NDCommerce.com

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          Development Fund Awards Funding Requests Totaling $1,367,500   
By ND Commerce
The North Dakota Development Fund, a loan program within the North Dakota Department of Commerce, awarded funding for three projects totaling $1,367,500 at its monthly board meeting held in May.
 
The North Dakota Development Fund was created in 1991 as an economic development tool. It provides flexible gap financing through debt and equity investments for new or expanding North Dakota primary sector businesses. Primary sector businesses create new wealth and are typically manufacturers, food processors and exported service companies. 

The following requests were funded: 
  • Harvest Fuel, Inc., (Walhalla) was awarded $467,500 loan to finance a building project. Harvest Fuel sells a variety of feed supplement products for horses, beef and dairy cattle, sheep, goats, and other livestock. The products are designed to improve the digestive health and promote growth, while providing increased feed efficiency of up to 25 percent. 
  • GoodBulb, LLC., (Fargo) was awarded a $300,000 loan purchase light bulb inventory, fund working capital, and purchase an inventory management software program. The company is an e-commerce business that warehouses, repackages and sells various lightbulbs. The company is also developing its own brand of light bulb to be sold via the internet. 
  • BotLink, LLC., (Fargo) was awarded $600,000 loan to be used to support the company’s planned growth. The company developed the software and hardware for a fully integrated operations platform that combines real-time date delivery, control, and safety for UAV manufacturers and operators. 
The North Dakota Department of Commerce works to improve the quality of life for North Dakota citizens by leading efforts to attract, retain and expand wealth. Commerce serves businesses and communities statewide through committed people and partners who offer valuable programs and dynamic services. 

For more North Dakota news and information go to www.NDCommerce.com.

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          Development Fund Awards Funding Requests Totaling $1,510,000   
By ND Commerce
The North Dakota Development Fund, a loan program within the North Dakota Department of Commerce, awarded funding for four projects totaling $1,510,000 at its monthly board meeting held in April. 

The North Dakota Development Fund was created in 1991 as an economic development tool. It provides flexible gap financing through debt and equity investments for new or expanding North Dakota primary sector businesses. Primary sector businesses create new wealth and are typically manufacturers, food processors and exported service companies. 

The following requests were funded: 
  • Gates Manufacturing, Inc., (Lansford) received a renewal of its $500,000 line of credit to finance the company’s working capital needs. Gates Manufacturing, Inc. manufactures light and heavy harrows and other tillage equipment for the agricultural industry. 
  • Buzz360, LLC, (Fargo) was awarded an $160,000 multiple advance loan to finance the company’s working capital needs. Buzz360, LLC is an online marketing automation platform company. The company offers social and automated marketing tools, plus the best of customer relationship management, to give large firms that serve or market through small businesses a powerful solution for their customer community. 
  • Earth-Kind, Inc. (Bismarck) received a renewal of its $600,000 line of credit to finance the company’s working capital needs. Earth-Kind is a developer, designer, and bio-manufacturing pioneer in natural alternatives to protect households everywhere from pests and odors and sells to national retailers such as Lowe’s, Target, Ace Hardware and Tractor Supply. 
  • Buffalo City Wood Products, Inc, (Jamestown) received a renewal of its $250,000 line of credit to finance the company’s working capital needs. Their primary product is the “Dakota Cabin” which is available in about 20 different models. The company has also produced a dormitory unit for oil workers in Western North Dakota. 
The North Dakota Department of Commerce works to improve the quality of life for North Dakota citizens by leading efforts to attract, retain and expand wealth. Commerce serves businesses and communities statewide through committed people and partners who offer valuable programs and dynamic services. 

For more North Dakota news and information go to www.NDCommerce.com.

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          Developing Dakota: State Takes Roll in Promoting Economic Growth   
By Minot Daily News
Distracted briefly by an oil boom, North Dakota's economic development focus is back on track.

The emphasis on diversification and value-added industry that has been primary since the oil bust and agricultural downturn of the 1980s hasn't lost relevance, according to Bank of North Dakota President Eric Hardmeyer.

"But when you have a boom like we had, that tends to take a lot of energy and oxygen," he said. With the oil industry slowdown, the Bank of North Dakota is regrouping and examining how to update its economic development programs to accomplish its diversification mission.

"North Dakota had been working its way down that path pretty well. Because of that, we are in a better place than we were in the '80s and '90s certainly," Hardmeyer said. "We have a much more diversified economy today."

He sees more value-added projects developing on both the agriculture and energy side in the future. In terms of state support programs, restructuring may have to occur to deal with the new paradigm of today's economy, he said.

Hardmeyer said bank officials are re-examining existing programs and visiting with community and economic development leaders around the state "to really understand the issues that they are dealing with and to proactively deal with them by coming back with maybe a slate of programs designed to take on the new economy."

Fact Box

Future metropolitan area?

Minot's growth trend has the city on course to achieve metropolitan status within the next four years, according to North Dakota's census director.

Kevin Iverson, who manages census data in the North Dakota Commerce Department, said Minot could achieve the designation of a metropolitan statistical area sometime between 2017 and 2020. Minot is designated as part of a micropolitan area that includes Ward, Renville and McHenry counties. For a micropolitan area to become a metropolitan area, there must be a core city with a population of 50,000.

The last estimate from the U.S. Census Bureau showed Minot with a population of 47,997 as of July 2014. Estimates also show Minot's micropolitan area grew by 1,855 residents from July 2014 to July 2015 to 79,814. The 2015 population estimate for the city of Minot hasn't yet been released.

One of the advantages of a metropolitan designation is the amount of statistical data that becomes available for planning and other uses. Fargo, Bismarck and Grand Forks are metropolitan areas.

Iverson also noted that North Dakota's economy of the past several years has drawn younger people to the state and encouraged more youth to stay, causing the average age in the state to drop by more than two years to just under 35 years in 2014. That has meant more young families, a demand for child care and crowded schools, especially at the younger grades.

Even with the slowdown in oil activity and tougher times in agriculture, estimates are that North Dakota gained about 17,000 people through natural increase and in-migration in 2015.

The Commerce Department reported the slowdown in oil activity and drop in agricultural commodity prices contributed to a $2 billion hit to North Dakota's Gross Domestic Product between 2014 and 2015. Officials say that's a small decline in what has been a $55 billion economy. In comparison, North Dakota's GDP in 2005 was about $25 billion.

"Now is one of those reflection points, where you really take a look at what you have and say, 'Are we meeting all the needs? What does it look like now? What should we have in place?'" Hardmeyer said.

"We are out there right now really trying to get the lay of the land," he added. "We have been directed by the Industrial Commission to go out there and begin that work, so we have. We have started that work with the idea we are out in front of this. If we need new programs, new money, we at least have an idea of how to go forward with a legislative agenda."

A program that has been a mainstay since the 1990s has been PACE, which is geared value-added and manufacturing jobs. The state followed up with Flex PACE to provide assistance beyond just manufacturers and job creation and respond more to what communities believe are essential services. The state also has beginning entrepreneur and venture capital programs that have been successful.

Each of the state's various business assistance programs have had an impact, and that's especially true of those that have been around a while, such as the North Dakota Development Fund, said Paul Lucy, director of economic development in the North Dakota Commerce Department.

"It has been kind of a stalwart program," he said of the Development Fund. "The Development Fund is a gap financing program.

As companies or projects are looking for financing, many times there's a variety of different reasons you may not be able to get all the financing with a typical commercial lender. The Development Fund can come into those projects and fill a gap."

Tax incentives and programs that target investors can't be overlooked, he added.

"Those programs that motivate the private sector to invest in those entrepreneur companies are programs that we might not see immediate results in terms of significant impact, but I truly believe that long-term for the state of North Dakota, those are some of the critical programs that we really need to have in the state," Lucy said.

Tax credits are another way the state supports businesses, including breaks on sales tax for equipment purchases and for increasing manufacturing automation to stay competitive. Expanding opportunities and creating demand for more skilled labor through automation results in higher wages, Lucy said.

North Dakota already has risen from 38th among states in per capita income to ninth in 2015, down somewhat from sixth place in 2014, according to the Commerce Department. The state's 5.1 percent income growth from 2007-2015 led all states by far.

Job training programs, another form of state assistance, have been used extensively by businesses to find employees for those more skilled, better-paying jobs.

"Any business that comes into the state, what's the biggest question they ask? Can we get the workforce? We have more people exiting the workforce than we have coming into it in the state," said Kevin Iverson, state census director.

North Dakota has a large number of baby boomers and a correspondingly small percentage of youth in their teens to replace boomers when they retire. During the time those teens were born, North Dakota was experiencing an out-migration of the young people who were starting families. That will require an in-migration of workers, beginning in about 2020 to 2022 to cover that gap, Iverson said.

Lucy said North Dakota's core industries, particularly in energy and agriculture, are so important that the state will be relying on them for decades, if not centuries. At the same time, diversification helps survive down times, and North Dakota has seen new ideas and companies coming forward that would not have been dreamed about 25 or 35 years ago, he said.

It is in tough times that the state sees more innovation and value-added projects, he said.

"If North Dakota wants to continue to grow, have a strong economy, the key to that success will all hinge on our ability to continue to diversify," he said. "There are a number of new things happening across the state. It's really an exciting time for North Dakota."

Hardmeyer agrees these post-boom years can be exciting.

"This has been painful in a lot of ways, but I think we are really set up for a really bright future," he said. "With the infrastructure in place, the fact that we know how to get the oil and all the gathering systems, I think we are in a really good place now to move forward with new initiatives."

Previously reported as, "Developing Dakota: State Takes Roll in Promoting Economic Growth - Minot Daily News".
 

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          Training Classes Available: Primavera Basic Training for Capital Projects, Turnarounds, Advanced Training / Management Expectations for Capital Projects and Turnarounds - TEPCO LLC   
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          Dickinson Manufacturers Rise in Wake of Oil Bust   
By The Dickinson Press
Though the oil industry tends to be more visible, Dickinson’s manufacturing sector has historically been a significant driver of the town’s economy.             
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Gaylon Baker, executive vice president of the Stark Development Corp., said there are more than a dozen manufacturing businesses in the immediate Dickinson area that collectively employ about 1,500 people.

Baker said the diversity of the sector — which makes goods ranging from learning and instructional kits for the schoolroom to metal fabrication bound for coal mines — is the “great thing about it” and protects against failure of any one trend.

Another benefit of the Dickinson manufacturing scene is the “organic” nature of the companies that make it.

“This is home to them,” Baker said. “And as they grow and expand, this will continue to be home. We’re seeing Dickinson-based companies putting operations in other towns, which is good for them and also good for us.”

Baker said the oil boom years, as a whole, had a mixed impact on the city’s manufacturers.

While the Bakken economy was hot, it was also an unusually bright spot in an otherwise cool national landscape still struggling after the recession and wary of purchasing new manufactured goods.

Additionally, the draw of the oilfield during the boom was a “burden” for staffing in that period, Baker said, as businesses not related to the energy industry were forced to compete with high oil money wages.

However, he said the flipside of that burden in the post-boom years is a larger pool of educated workers brought fresh into the area by the promise of oil and settled into the city’s expanded stock of available housing.

Baker said Dickinson’s manufacturers have, on the whole, withstood some turbulence and could be poised for “an awful good year.”

“They’ve held their own, got through it OK and are ramping up to meet increased demand,” he said.

‘We’re taking better care of our people’

Dickinson baked goods manufacturer Baker Boy was one such business that struggled to compete with big oil.

Baker Boy President Guy Moos said the last five or six years have been “challenging” in terms of finding an adequate workforce, but that the situation has shifted “dramatically” within the last year.

“We went through a time there when we could not staff adequately and could not fill customer orders — that’s all changed,” Moos said.

Though the company is now nearly fully staffed at 210 workers, Moos said, the past scarcity of labor had negatively impacted production at the plant. Difficulty filling customer orders resulted in the company selling off a portion of the bakery’s business to a company in Texas last year.

“If we had a crystal ball and it would have told us that things would change so dramatically, that would have been great,” he said with a laugh. “But I think even today, we did the right thing. We’re really positioned well for taking care of our customers and have been filling orders really well for the last year.”

Moos said the upswing at Baker Boy has manifested itself in what seems to be a “very good” year ahead in terms of sales and growth.

He said the company added a new salesperson in the Denver area last fall and is in the process of placing a distributor there as well. Baker Boy also recently added distributors in Kansas and Missouri, he said.

Moving forward, Moos said the company has requested participation in a flex PACE loan with Stark Development Corp. to add on infrastructure and automation at the Dickinson plant through a capital investment of about $3 million.

“We wouldn’t be doing that if we couldn’t staff our company,” he said. “ … We really think that we’ve got just a small window of opportunity here to increase the automation so we can pay our people more so that, when oil does come back, we can retain our valued employees.”

Moos attributes increased personnel security to upward adjustments made to the plant’s starting pay more than a year ago.

He said the increase had a “nice effect, immediately” and believes it continues to support the company’s development in the face of a more slowly growing national restaurant and food-service market.

Moos said he believes Baker Boy is “doing better today than well before the boom,” in part due to the re-investment in personnel.

“I think we’re taking better care of our people, and that’s making a difference,” he said.

TMI sees upturn in Bakken’s downturn

Maybe more than Baker Boy, Dickinson laminate casework manufacturer TMI Systems Design could serve as a case-study of the city’s unique position in the national economy.

TMI President Dennis Johnson said the company is “very busy” at the moment with backlogs up 40 percent on a year-over-year basis.

Johnson said TMI, which largely produces cabinets, countertops and millwork, is currently benefitting from subsequent trends of recovery in the national construction sector and sustained loss of competition within its marketplace.

The survival of TMI is due in part, he said, to growth sparked by the oil boom.

“Because of Bakken development, we had a strong local market,” Johnson said. “Western North Dakota, eastern Montana, Wyoming — these were part of what we consider local market and they were quite strong. Even though national market declined dramatically, our local market actually grew.”

Despite that strong local market, the national construction crash was a trial for the company.

Johnson said TMI’s employment dropped from 400 workers to nearly 210, and that sales fell about 40 percent by the time TMI bottomed out.

But throughout the last year, the fortunes of oil and the national economy inverted and the company began adding staff, a trend Johnson said should increase the TMI workforce by up to 30 people. Among the number of employees gained are former staff members who left during the boom, he added.

Johnson noted that oil prices had fallen by more than 60 percent from their peak around the time TMI began hiring.

“Our downturn coincided with the Bakken upturn and now our upturn is coinciding with the Bakken downturn,” he said. “ … That’s just kind of luck, in a sense.”

Johnson said he’s hopeful the company could possibly get back to pre-recession employment levels within four to five years.

Beyond adding on personnel late last year, Johnson said TMI also made its first major equipment investment in about six years.

Johnson expressed optimism on the direction of the business, which he said has some “positive momentum” going for it.

“I actually feel TMI is, a lot of respects, a stronger company today than it was five or six years ago,” he said. “A lot of that has to do with weathering and experiencing the adversity of downturns like we did.”

Medora Corp. banks on innovation

The Medora Corp., producer of mass-quantity water treatment machinery and the SolarBee brand, differs from both TMI and Baker Boy to the extent it was able to capitalize on the oil boom as it was happening.

Medora Corp. President Joel Bleth said the company located north of Dickinson lost only about five people out of a total workforce of 70 to the oilfield. Still, he said it’s now “much easier” to get applicants for open positions than it was during the boom.

While it brought some challenges, Bleth said the boom has been a plus for the company in terms of hiring and product development.

“We maybe lost a couple people, but we also picked up some great people who were spouses of those who came up with the oilfield,” Bleth said. “In some ways, the oilfield brought one-half of a couple and we got the other half.”

Most Medora Corp. products aren’t related to the oilfield, but Bleth said the company has developed “a few” with oil industry applications that “had a much greater potential” before the oil slump.

Those applications include mixers for fresh water tanks used for fracking and oil well injections, as well as some other work done with extractors looking to clean produced water for use in fracking operations.

“The oil industry was starting to present some opportunities for our company — it’ll be there someday, but potential has slowed down,” Bleth said.“ … We have some products that, as oilfield picks up, we’ll be in a good position to start an effort to market them.”

Bleth said Medora Corp. has machinery in 20 different countries and has restored nearly 400 lakes struck with algae blooms and other water-quality issues.

The company has recently developed a skid-mounted trihalomethane removal system for potable water sources that Bleth said can be used to treat water on a localized level.

Moving through this year, he said the company’s gameplan is one of sustained product growth.

“We believe with the world changing so fast, we need to constantly innovate, even if it means we’re our own biggest competitor,” he said.

Baker predicts continued