PHP - Codeigniter or Node.js >>>>>>>>>>>> by webleb   
Hello if you can complete one of my projects or all you are welcome to bid: 1.Framework used is codeigniter and you have to deal with google map and some payment gateway 2.Betting system - no experience... (Budget: $10 - $300 USD, Jobs: Codeigniter, node.js, Russian, Socket IO, Vietnamese)
          Brandon Vogt with Mark Bowden "Hue 1968"   
Brandon Vogt with Mark Bowden "Hue 1968" https://www.amazon.com/Hue-1968-Turning-American-Vietnam/dp/0802127002/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1498857835&sr=8-1&keywords=hue+1968
          Gia la vietmanita se viene a actricesdelporno.com en busca de verga   

gia vietnamitaEspaña se esta convirtiendo en una de las cuna del porno online más importante, en los ultimos años el prestigio del porno en España ha subido a cotas inesperadas hace unos años y todo gracias a productoras como Leche69 o actricesdelporno.com entre otras muchas que han aparecido y cada vez más futuras pornostars visitan España […]

La entrada Gia la vietmanita se viene a actricesdelporno.com en busca de verga aparece primero en Mr Videos Porno Gratis.


          Hơn 6.000 website của Việt Nam gặp sự cố trong nửa đầu năm 2017   

Tiến sỹ Nguyễn Khắc Lịch, Phó Giám đốc Trung tâm ứng cứu khẩn cấp máy tính Việt Nam (VNCERT) cho hay, trong nửa đầu năm 2017 (tính tới 27/6), không gian mạng Việt Nam đã chứng kiến nhiều vụ tấn công vào các website.

Cụ thể, có tới 1.522 website bị tấn công Phishing (lừa đảo), 989 websie bị tấn công Deface (thay đổi giao diện) và 3.792 website bị cài Malware (mã độc).

Ông Lịch cho hay, hiện nay hacker tấn công tinh vi hơn, tấn công trên diện rộng, có chủ đích. Mã độc được điều khiển và thực hiện theo kế hoạch.

Cũng theo ông Lịch, mục tiêu tấn công an toàn thông tin cũng khác trước. Hacker không chỉ đơn thuần lấy cắp thông tin cá nhân mà còn phá hủy thông tin, lợi dụng thông tin để phục vụ mục đích kinh tế, chính trị. Hacker cũng không đơn thuần theo cá nhân mà còn có tổ chức, thậm chí có tài trợ. Và, hiện nay, vấn đề chiến tranh mạng đã hiện hữu.



(Biểu đồ số liệu tấn công vào các website Việt Nam 6 tháng đầu năm 2017)

Trao đổi với phóng viên VietnamPlus, ông Hà Thế Phương, Phó Tổng giám đốc CMC Infosec khẳng định, an ninh an toàn thông tin đối với mọi cá nhân hay tổ chức đều bắt nguồn từ nhận thức.

Theo lãnh đạo của CMC, tình hình an ninh mạng 6 tháng đầu tại Việt Nam là không khả quan. Thực tế, cho dù có nhiều sự vụ lớn về an toàn thông tin xảy ra, các phương tiện truyền thông đều liên tục cảnh báo, cơ quan chức năng liên tục có công văn nhắc nhở nhưng theo khảo sát của CMC, các đơn vị sở hữu hệ thống công nghệ đa số đều thực hiện theo hình thức đối phó chứ không nhận thức đúng về mức độ nghiêm trọng của hiện trạng an ninh an toàn thông tin tại đơn vị mình.

"Lỗ hổng biết mà không vá đã nhiều nhưng sai sót trong nhận thức và hiểu biết về cách thức sử dụng Internet, lưu trữ dữ liệu hệ thống an toàn còn chiếm phần nhiều hơn," ông Phương nói.

Cũng theo vị chuyên gia này, nếu lãnh đạo cũng như chủ quản của các hệ thống công nghệ thông tin tiếp tục không coi trọng tăng cường nhận thức cũng như đầu tư cho an toàn thông tin thì Việt Nam vẫn sẽ tiếp tục nằm trong top đầu thế giới về mức độ lây nhiễm mã độc cũng như bị tấn công nằm vùng (APT)./.

          Hunter, Robert Earl   
Robert Earl Hunter, age 66 of Birmingham, Alabama passed away on June 29, 2017. A Vietnam era veteran, who served in the United States Army, he also...
          Riley, Charles R.   
RILEY, MR. CHARLES R. age 84, Falkville, died June 29, 2017. He was U.S. Army 1SG Retired; Paratrooper; Vietnam Veteran; Korean Veteran; Master...
          Petra strokes Trudy, her pet Vietnamese pot-bellied pig (Sus scrofa...   

Petra strokes Trudy, her pet Vietnamese pot-bellied pig in her home in Budapest, Hungary, the fourth animal companions' day celebrated in Hungary. Vietnamese pigs, despite being an endangered species, are reared for their meat in Asia.


          Plastic Headgear Market, Trends, Size and Forecasts   

Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, “Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries”

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/25/2014 -- Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, "Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries" which is a useful piece of information for the global players in the plastic headgear market. The report provides a comprehensive analysis on the market trends, size, forecast and growth of the overall plastic headgear market.

Browse complete report at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/global-plastic-headgear-to-2017-size-growth-and-forecasts-in-nearly-70-countries-market

Report provides the market share of plastic headgears in the overall global market and further segments the plastic headgear market on the basis of product. The product segment includes Safety headgear and other headgears of plastic.

Analysis in the report is based on 2006-2012 market data and the report forecasts the global market till the year 2017, which provides insightful market information for the investors, sales, marketing & product managers and analysts in an accessible and well presented format.

The report covers the following topics:

-Global Market size
-Market growth rate
-Market segmentation on the basis of products
-Growth rate of each product segment
-Market forecasts

See similar report: Spirit Markets in the Top 5 European Countries to 2018 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/spirit-in-the-top-5-european-countries-to-2018-size-trends-and-forecasts-market

Report covers the following geographical regions:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam.

Contact Us:

Cathy Viber,
5933 NE Win Sivers Drive,
#205, Portland, OR 97220
United States

Direct: 617-674-4143
Toll Free: 855-711-1555
Fax: 855-550-5975
Email: sales@reportsandintelligence.com
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/plastic-headgear-market-trends-size-and-forecasts-548993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Cathy Viber
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Cathy Viber
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          Who - Who’s Next    
Era il 1971, il rock aveva esaurito la sua carica propulsiva, il sogno di Woodstock era andato in frantumi, la guerra del Vietnam continuava, il “movement” era sotto lo scacco di una forte repressione. Pete Townshend pensa che non tutto sia perduto e che il rock possa ancora salvare il mondo. Da questa speranza nasce “Who’s next”, il capolavoro degli Who, uno dei più grandi dischi della storia del rock, un capolavoro assoluto dove passione e note diventano un tutt’uno.
           Advanced prosthetic arms developed by Pentagon set for sale    
Fred Downs, a 72-year-old Vietnam war veteran, remembers fighting back tears when he regained the ability to pick up objects with his left arm after a gap of...
          Comment on Pets in Cambodia: How to import a dog or cat (or adopt one here) by Amy   
Thanks for your reply Phil and for the link you provided. I traveled from Ho Chi Minh City to Phnom Penh with my dog earlier this week by car and it was super easy and hassle free. I took an uber from HCMC to the Moc Bai border and walked across the border with my dog. In the Vietnam building, no one asked any questions about my dog, they just stamped my passport and I walked on. In the Cambodian building, I had my passport stamped and then on leaving the building a quarantine officer asked to look at the health certificate and vaccination records for my dog. I had this handy and there were no problems. We then walked out and met a pre-arranged driver to take us to Phnom Penh. All in all, crossing the border probably took me around ten minutes including the walking between the two buildings! Was very happy with how it all went.
          Vietnamese Catholic blogger sentenced to 10 years in prison   
Hanoi

A Vietnamese court sentenced a Catholic blogger to 10 years in prison for propaganda against the Communist government.


          ‘Asia’s Next Top Model’ host defends Maureen’s win   
https://www.instagram.com/p/BV4rR8KFRoF/?taken-by=cindysirinya Amid the noise created byPhilippine bet Maureen Wroblewitz's victory on "Asia's Next Top Model," host Cindy Bishop took to social media to defend her from doubts and criticisms. In an Instagram post on Thursday, Bishop shed light on the German-Filipina model's"unexpected" triumph on the show's fifth cycle. Wroblewitz, the shortest and youngest competitor on the show, outrivaled Malaysia's Shikin Gomez and Vietnam's Minh Tu Nguyen. "I will not besaying any more on this, except this...The rules of modeling have changed drastically. We are seeing norms and stereotypes being challenged every day," Bishop said. "Body p...

Keep on reading: ‘Asia’s Next Top Model’ host defends Maureen’s win
          ‘Asia’s Next Top Model’ runner-up says Maureen’s fans ‘attacked’ her   
https://www.facebook.com/AsNTMOfficial/photos/a.1780808385542749.1073741912.1445869792369945/1780809652209289/?type=3&theater Minh Tu Nguyen, Vietnam's lone betand runner-up of "Asia's Next Top Model," shared her experience dealing with Maureen Wroblewitz'slegion of fans. Nguyen and Malaysia's Shikin Gomez were bested by Wroblewitz, who was announced the winner of the model search's fifth season on Wednesday. On Thursday, Nguyen lashed out at Wroblewitz's supporters who allegedly attacked her on social media. "Now that the show is over, I would like to share some of my thoughts," she captioned a screenshot of her conversation with Miss Universe 2015 Pia Wurtzbach. "Firstly, when...

Keep on reading: ‘Asia’s Next Top Model’ runner-up says Maureen’s fans ‘attacked’ her
             
Another question for George Bush: How many times have you been arrested? Usually you wouldn't ask a sitting President a shameful question like this. But then a sitting President wouldn't challenge the honor of an opponent who risked his life for his country, while he used his daddy's influence to save his. As I've said before, during Vietnam, getting out of the draft was one of the things people were doing, it's not something to be ashamed of (that's why it's wrong for the Democrats to use this as a negative against Bush). But it's much worse to take shots at people who fought in Vietnam. This was one of the shames of the Vietnam era, that we didn't separate the failed war from the honor of the soldiers who did their duty. They came home to face a shame that wasn't theirs, it belonged to LBJ and Nixon, and the other leaders who got us into the quagmire. Today, Bush and his cronies perpetuate that shame. So he deserves to be asked shameful questions, and if he doesn't want to be asked then, he should be more careful about shaming Kerry.
          100 Years of Beauty in Vietnam Shown Decade by Decade in a Two-Minute Timelapse   

In another episode of their “100 Years of Beauty” series, Cut provides a chronologically visual history of the past 100 years of beauty in Vietnam, including the turbulent years during the Vietnam War. 100 Years of Male Beauty in India Shown Decade by Decade In a Chronological Timelapse100 Years of Beauty in Palestine and Israel […]

The post 100 Years of Beauty in Vietnam Shown Decade by Decade in a Two-Minute Timelapse appeared first on Laughing Squid.


          100 Years of Beauty in Vietnam Shown Decade by Decade in a...   


100 Years of Beauty in Vietnam Shown Decade by Decade in a Two-Minute Timelapse


          Vietnamesische Bloggerin: Die kämpfende „Mutter Pilz“   
Bei Mother Mushroom hat der Wunsch, dass ihre Kinder es einmal besser haben sollen, eine politische Dimension. Sie wurde zu zehn Jahren Haft verurteilt. mehr...
          Comment on The Growing Danger of War With Iran by Newt Rallyt   
It's wasn't the weapons that you were missing in Vietnam, it was the spirit. And judging by your words of wisdom in your so called post, I'd say Iran will be the burial ground of you losers. Bring them on.
          Army veteran leaves behind millions for charity   
OKLAHOMA CITY — More than two dozen Oklahoma families will know the joy of owning a home thanks to the gift one soldier left behind. Sergeant First Class E-7 Stephen Florentz served as a helicopter medic in Vietnam. He was wounded in battle in Asia and earned a purple heart before returning to the U.S. Years later, Florentz volunteered to serve one year in Saudi Arabia as part of Operation: Desert Storm. Florentz spent his life saving veterans both on the […]
          Recommended Reading   
I compiled a list of books I've recently read and feel would appeal to middle and high school students. Each of the books includes themes conducive to classroom discussions.

Except when marked with an asterisk, all titles are available in audio format from the Las Vegas Clark County Public Library District (see LVCCLD link when applicable). To access these materials, you must have a current public library card and know your PIN. For more information about procuring a library card, click here. To use eAudio books from the public library, you will need to download OverDrive Media Console (a free software package) to your computer. Instructions and more information about accessing eMedia are available here.

Except for Candy Shop War and Leepike Ridge, all remaining books with asterisks are available at Audible. Note that there is a charge to purchase audiobooks from Audible. Different from the public library, however, the purchaser becomes the book's owner.


Recommended Book Options


Young Adult Science Fiction
  • Adoration of Jenna Fox (Pearson, Mary E.): Jenna Fox awakens after a coma having forgotten her life before her accident. She explores her past life through video, but is often met with reluctance to talk about her operation with others. This science fiction mystery explores issues related to bioethics. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Elsewhere (Zevin, Gabrielle): Elsewhere is the story of a girl who died. Upon doing so, she arrived at a place called “Elsewhere” where all the people had lived lives on Earth and were now dead. Most of the people were a lot older than her (she died in her teens). A unique feature of Elsewhere is that you grow older instead of younger while there. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Hunger Games (Collins, Suzanne): The Hunger Games is the first of a trilogy by Suzanne Collins. The premise underlying the plot is that a corrupt “Capitol” controls 12 districts. To keep the districts under control, the Capitol sponsors The Hunger Games each year. Two children from each district are selected to participate, and only one participant from the 24 survives the Games. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • Little Brother (Doctorow, Cory): Cory Doctorow truly practices what he preaches! In a book about high-tech, high-action stunts in the midst of terrorist activity in the U.S., Doctorow discusses the importance of freedom of information. Likewise, he made his book available for free online using a Creative Commons license. [Warning: This book includes mature themes likely to be inappropriate for use in school environments.] [LVCCLD eAudio]
  • Maximum Ride: The Angel Experiment (Patterson, James): This is the first book of a series by the acclaimed James Patterson. The main character is Maximum Ride, a headstrong teenage girl who grew up in a science lab. She and her “flock of bird kids” were all genetically manipulated pre-birth, resulting in the presence of wings. As such, all the children are able to fly. The book follows Maximum Ride and her flock as they escape from the lab and learn to live on their own. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • Maze Runner (Dashner, James): This is an action-packed thriller! Every month for several years, one boy has been delivered into the “Glade.” All the boys remember their names, but none remember anything else about their past. In a strange turn of events, the day after Thomas (the main character) arrives, a girl arrives. Thomas tries to learn about the society the boys created before his arrival and learns of the maze, their possible escape route, that encompasses their community. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Neptune's Children (Dobkin, Bonnie): Dobkin’s book, Neptune’s Children, begins with a bioterrorist attack on all adults around the world. All individuals over age 13 die instantly, leaving all children behind to fend for themselves. Those children left behind in a theme park (similar to Disneyland), create a working society while facing potential and real threats. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Twilight (Meyer, Stephenie): This epic series takes place in Washington state. The main character, Bella, meets a young man, Edward, who intrigues her and ultimately becomes the object of her affection. Bella learns that Edward is a vampire and struggles with love and longevity. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • *Uglies (Westerfield, Scott): This series (including Pretties, Specials, and Extras) by Scott Westerfield begins with Uglies, a book about a utopian society that spawned from modern America. All children are called “uglies” until their 16th birthdays on which they receive an operation that makes them pretty. Once pretty, they move to a location where they can play and party all the time. Some uglies, though, question if being pretty is all there is to life. [Audible]
  • *Unwind (Shusterman, Neal): Imagine if parents could choose to have their teenagers “unwound,” have their body parts separated and given to save the lives of others. It’s the perfect solution for harvesting human organs… isn’t it? [Audible]
Young Adult Fantasy
  • *The Candy Shop War (Mull, Brandon):Imagine a world where eating candy could give you special powers. Mull masterfully juxtaposes good and evil amidst a fantasy of vivid characters. The book may sound like Charlie and the Chocolate Factory or Harry Potter, but it truly is a story of its own.
  • Eragon (Paolini, Christopher):16-year-old Christopher Paolini wrote this epic tale (Eragon is the first book in a series) just after graduating from high school. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • Fablehaven (Mull, Brandon): When a boy and girl go to spend time with their grandfather, they learn there is more to his mysterious life than originally imagined. The area surrounding his home is a haven for fabulous creatures of all kinds—some good, and some bad. [LVCCLD CD]
  • Inkheart (Funke, Cornelia): In this three-book tale, Funke creates a world where books are reality become intertwined. Some of her characters have the unique ability to “read” characters and items “out” of books. In one unfortunate time, the father in the story accidentally read his wife into a book; he’s also read some antagonistic characters out of the book. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
Young Adult Non-Fiction
  • Fallen Angels (Meyers, Walter Dean): Fallen Angels is realistic historical fiction about serving in the Vietnam War. The main character is African-American, adding to the issues of race conflict occurring during the war. [Warning: Telling the story of men and women serving on the front lines, the book does not “candy-coat” the violence, language, and other everyday happenings of the U.S. soldiers.] [LVCCLD CD]
  • A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier (Beah, Ishmael): A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Soldier is the true autobiographical of Ishmael Beah, a boy who served as a soldier in Sierra Leone. After his hometown was attacked by rebels, he spent months searching for his family before being recruited into guerrilla warfare. He is later reformed when living in a UNICEF refugee camp. [Warning: This book contains graphic violence.] [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • *Three Cups of Tea: Young Reader’s Edition (Mortensen, Greg): Mortensen is described as a man who is single-handedly creating peaceful relationships between those in the Middle East and in the United States. This book tells his story—from mountain climbing failure to sacrificial living. After returning from a failed attempt to ascend K2, he commits to build a school for the girls in one of Pakistan’s outermost regions. He kept his promise, and continues to change the world with his relentless efforts. [Audible]
Young Adult Historical Fiction
  • Elijah of Buxton (Curtis, Christopher Paul): This book tells the story of a small town in Canada. Buxton is where escaped slaves from the United States find refuge. They welcome those former slaves who have made the long, painful journey from the South. The story takes a turn when Elijah, just a boy, heads back to the United States to complete a chore. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
Young Adult Realistic Fiction
  • Hatchet (Paulsen, Gary): This Newberry-award winner tells of a boy who becomes an inhabitant of the wilderness when the plane in which he is flying goes down and the pilot dies in the crash. The main character must learn to survive in the Canadian wild. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • *Leepike Ridge (Wilson, N.D.): This action-filled story of realistic fiction is a fun read. When the main character finds himself in a hidden cave under Leepike Ridge, he learns about life outside the mainstream.
  • Smiles to Go (Spinelli, Jerry): This is a coming-of-age story for boys who question who they are, where they fit in the universe, and their relationships with girls. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • Theodore Boone: Kid Lawyer (Grisham, John): This is John Grisham’s first children’s book. Theodore Boone lives with his parents, both of whom are lawyers. He loves the law and spends all his free time in the courthouse. As such, he is the resident expert on the law at his school, and he regularly advises his classmates on legal matters. He eve becomes entwined in a case of his own! This is a great book to learn about the U.S. legal system. [LVCCLD CD]
Adult Historical Fiction
  • Sarah's Key (de Rosnay, Tatiana): de Rosnay juxtaposes the past and present when her protagonist, a journalist, accepts the opportunity to write a story about French involvement in the Nazi round-up of Jewish families in Paris in 1942. While the journalist’s story unfolds, Sarah’s story unfolds. Sarah’s story is about cruelty and loss at the hand of the French police as they did the bidding of the Nazi’s. It is also about human compassion and remembrance. [LVCCLD eAudio]
Adult Realistic Fiction
  • The Life of Pi (Martel, Yann): Martel tells the tale of a boy from India. His family owns a zoo, but is selling their animals to a U.S. zoo due to financial hardships. During their sea voyage, there is an accident and the boy, Pi, ends up aboard a small rescue boat along with a tiger and several other animals. He tells of their mutual survival tactics and leaves the reader questioning reality. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
Adult Non-Fiction
  • *The Horse Boy (Isaacson, Rupert): Isaacson wrote this biography about his son, a boy afflicted with autism. In an attempt to help their son, Isaacson and his wife trekked through Mongolia with the intent to meet shamans who could assist their child. Their journey took them to the outer-most parts of Mongolia, even to the “Reindeer People.” This is a heartwarming tale the of the efforts parents will make to assist their children and ways that seeing the world differently can help us all see better. [Audible]
  • Strength in What Remains (Kidder, Tracy): A medical student in Africa finds himself constantly trying to escape war and war-torn environments as he traverses through his home country of Burundi and into and out of Rwanda. He eventually makes his way to the United States where he faces trials of a homeless immigrant in a foreign land. [LVCCLD eAudio]
  • Where Men Win Glory: The Odyssey of Pat Tillman (Krakauer, Jon): Pat Tillman, former NFL player, lost his life during the U.S. Gulf War. Krakauer describes the events leading to his NFL and military careers and the circumstances surrounding his death in combat. [LVCCLD eAudio/CD]
  • *The Last American Man (Gilbert, Elizabeth): Gilbert, author of Eat, Pray, Love, writes the biography of Eustice Conway, a true man of the American Wilderness. Born in the 1960s, Eustice took his homemade teepee and left home as a teenager to live off the land. Gilbert tells of his trek along the Appalachian Trail, his record-setting horse-journey across America, and his lifelong passion to bring Americans to a greater appreciation and respect of nature. [Audible]

          Fred Branfman Risked His Life for Ordinary People   
Fred was one of the bravest and most decent journalists I ever encountered. He exposed the terrorism of the U.S. "carpet bombing" over Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia that was explicitly aimed at "drying up the sea" of millions of innocent village people that the U.S. government claimed were providing cover to the enemy during the...
          HKTWN Passport Program Returns with Restaurant Weeks July 14-30, 2017   

Hackettstown will celebrate its diverse and exciting dining options with the 5th Annual Restaurant Week “Passport to HKTWN” from Friday, July 14 through Sunday, July 30, 2017. Hackettstown offers local quality and ethnically diverse restaurants with everything from Italian to Vietnamese. Diners simply visit participating establishments during the event to enjoy prix fixe lunches and/or […]

The post HKTWN Passport Program Returns with Restaurant Weeks July 14-30, 2017 appeared first on Hackettstown Business Improvement District.


          ОБЗОР НОВИНОК 49 НЕДЕЛИ 2011года.   
1/35 MASTER BOX #3598 - LRDG in Northen Africa Цена: 57 грн. Хорошее качество литья.  Отсутствие утяжин и следов от толкателей. Все лица у фигурок разные. Набор для сборки шести фигур диверсантов службы LRDG (Long Range Desert Group)и одной фигуры Вьетнамца в масштабе 1/35, новинка Днепропетровского производителя стендовых моделей копий MASTER BOX. 1/35 MASTER BOX #3599 - Patroling. Vietnam War Цена: 68 грн. Хорошее качество литья.  Отсутствие утяжин и следов от толкателей. Все лица у фигурок разные. Набор для сборки четырех фигур патрульных США и одной фигуры Вьетнамца в масштабе 1/35, новинка Днепропетровского производителя стендовых моделей копий MASTER BOX. 1/72 AMODEL #72172 - Сборная пластиковая модель вертолета Миля Ми-10 / Mil Mi-10 Цена: 359 грн. О модели : Набор для сборки мастшабной модели копии советского вертолета МИЛ МИ-10 в масштабе 1/72 от украинской фирмы AMODEL. О прототипе : Ми-10 (Harke по классификации НАТО, обозначение ростовского-на-дону завода — «изделие 60») — военный транспортный вертолёт (летающий кран), развитие Ми-6. Разработан в 1961—1964 годах, принят на вооружение в 1963 году. Серийно производился на Ростовском вертолётном заводе. 1/72 AMODEL #72160-01 - Антонов Ан-24T / Antonov An-24T Phoenix Aviation Цена: 319 грн. Рейтинг товара: Качество литья: Простота сборки: Соответствие оригиналу: О модели : Набор для сборки мастшабной модели копии советского самолета АН-24 в масштабе 1/72 от украинской фирмы AMODEL. О прототипе : Ан-24 (по кодификации НАТО: Coke — «Кока») — пассажирский турбовинтовой самолёт для линий малой и средней протяжённости. Дальность полёта: 2000 км. Крейсерская скорость: 450 км/ч. Максимальная взлётная масса: 21 т. Оснащён двумя турбовинтовыми двигателями АИ-24 2 серии, АИ-24Т (Ивченко) с воздушным винтом АВ-72, АВ-72Т изменяемого шага. Ан-24 выпускался с 1959 по 1979 год. Было выпущено более 1000 таких самолётов, более 300 эксплуатируются. 1/72 AMODEL #72131 - МИЛ МИ 6. ПОЗДНИЙ Цена: 305 грн. О модели : Набор для сборки мастшабной модели копии советского вертолета МИЛ МИ-6 в масштабе 1/72 от украинской фирмы AMODEL. О прототипе : Ми-6 (по классификации НАТО — Hook) — тяжёлый военный транспортный вертолёт. Первый полёт состоялся 5 июня 1957 года. Строился с 1964 года на Ростовском вертолётном заводе крупной серией как в военном, так и в народохозяйственном вариантах. На этом вертолёте лётчик-испытатель Н. Б. Лешин установил мировой рекорд скорости, который был отмечен Вертолётным Обществом США. Два мировых рекорда при испытании вертолёта Ми-6 были установлены лётчиком-испытателем Б. К. Галицким. ВЕСЬ АССОРТИМЕНТ AMODEL 1/35 ZVEZDA #3618 - Советские санитары / Soviet Medical Personnel WWII Цена: 59 грн. Отличное продолжение серии миниатюр 1/35. Высочайшая детализация достигнута благодаря технологии 3D- моделирования. В годы Великой Отечественной войны советские медики возвращали в строй более 72% раненных солдат.Если эти проценты представить в абсолютных цифрах, то получится 17 млн. человек! В три раза больше, чем численность всей Красной Армии в 1941 году. Во многом столь успешный результат был достигнут благодаря самоотверженной работе санитаров, санинструкторов и военфельдшеров непосредственно на поле боя, ведь чем скорее удавалось доставить солдата сначала на сборный пункт первичной медицинской обработки, а потом и в госпиталь, тем больше было у него шансов выжить. 1/72 ZVEZDA #6158 - 88-мм зенитное орудие FLAK 36/37 / German Heavy Anti AirCraft Gun Flak 36/37 Товар 603 из 603 категории 1/72 БТТ Цена: 59 грн. Рейтинг товара: Качество литья: Простота сборки: Соответствие оригиналу: Набор, который будет интересен и моделистам и игрокам. Качество от мирового лидера. Фигурки состоят из нескольких деталей, что дает возможно придать лучшую детализацию моделям. Все фигурки могут быть установлены на отрядной подставке для игры, а для коллекционеров и моделистов фигурки могут быть установлены на индивидуальные подставки. Набор состоит из четырех уникальных фигур, каждая из которых имеет свой индивидуальный внешний вид. Немецкое зенитное орудие Flak 8.8 считается одним из лучших орудий Второй мировой войны. Оно использовалось не только против воздушных целей, но и в качестве противотанкового орудия. Flak 8.8 послужило основой, при создании новых немецких танков и по праву считалось самым мощным танковым орудием. В игре ArtofTactic тяжелая зенитка Flak 8.8 будет отличным оборонительным орудием, которое будет долгое время сдерживать противника и будет хорошим противовесом самым мощным танкам. 1/144 AMODEL #1456 - Антонов Ан-14 / Antonov An-14 Цена: 89 грн. О модели: Набор для сборки мастшабной модели копии советского самолета АН-14 "пчелка" в масштабе 1/144 от украинской фирмы AMODEL. О прототипе : Ан-14 «Пчёлка» (по кодификации НАТО: Clod — «Глыба») — советский лёгкий транспортный самолёт, предназначавшийся для замены Ан-2, совершил первый полёт в 14 марта 1958 года. Самолёт имел возможность короткого взлёта и посадки и был рассчитан на эксплуатацию с неподготовленных грунтовых площадок. 1/144 AMODEL #1457 - Антонов Ан-28 / Antonov An-28 Цена: 89 грн. О модели: Набор для сборки мастшабной модели копии советского самолета АН-28 в масштабе 1/144 от украинской фирмы AMODEL. О прототипе : Ан-28 — лёгкий двухмоторный турбовинтовой транспортный самолёт. Разработан на базе Ан-14, совершил первый полёт в 1969, всего построен 191 экземпляр.
          Hincz Gyula : "Játékok" - Jelenlegi ára: 32 000 Ft   
(FKA162)
Cégünk Magyarország egyik legnagyobb kínálatú internetes festménykereskedését üzemelteti.
Ezernél is több festményt illetve képet kínál a galériánk folyamatosan.
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Minden darabot gondosan megtisztítunk, az összes keretet felújíttatjuk, képeinket újra kereteztetjük.
Képeink azonnal ajándékba adható illetve falra akasztható állapotban vannak.
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Minden kép eredetiségére a kínálatunkban élettartam- és pénz-visszafizetési garanciát vállalunk.
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Nyugodtan rendeljen postai úton is, csomagolásunkat rendkívül körültekintő és precíz csapat végzi.
Minden galériánkban vásárolt kép után számlát, igény esetén garancialevelet állítunk ki.
Kérem nézze meg a további hatalmas festménykínálatunkat.
A kép mérete: 19, 5 x 25, 5 cm keret nélkül. Készült: Rézkarc, Papír
A kép Hincz Gyula (Budapest, 1904, Budapest, 1986) alkotása. Jelezve lent "Játékok 62/100, Hincz Gy. (ceruzával)"
A festmény jó állapotban van. Keret: Paszpartúban
További alkotásokat tekinthet meg a művésztől ide kattintva!
Termékeim között több absztrakt festmény található, kérem tekintse meg őket ide kattintva!
ÁRUIM ZÖME ANTIK ÉS RÉGI TÁRGYAKBÓL ÁLL.
SZEMÉLYES ÁTVÉTELI LEHETŐSÉG BUDAPESTEN (IX. ) ILLETVE SZEGEDEN!
 
Szállítás
Termékeinket az MPL futárszolgálattal küldjük! Terjedelmes tárgyaink szállításában külön díjazás mellett tudunk segíteni! Szállítási módok az alábbiak szerint alakulnak
 
Személyes átvétel Budapest IX.
 
 
Személyes átvétel Szeged
 
 
MPL csomag előre utalással
 
 
MPL csomag utánvét
 
 
Fizetés
A vételár és szállítási költség kiegyenlítésére az alábbi lehetőségeket biztosítjuk
 
Személyes átvételkor készpénzben
 
 
Banki átutalás
 
 
Utánvét
 
 
Paypal (MasterCard, Visa)
 
 
Szállítási, átvételi idő
A termék vásárlását követően a szállítási, kézhez vételi idő az alábbiak szerint alakul belföldön
 
Személyes átvétel
1-5 munkanap
 
 
MPL csomag előre utalással
2-3 munkanap
 
 
MPL csomag utánvét
1-3 munkanap
 
Magyar festők és grafikusok életrajzi lexikona I-II.
Festő. 1922-ben került a budapesti Képzőművészeti Főiskolára, mint Rudnay Gyula növendéke, majd elhagyta a főiskolát, és mint Vaszary-növendék tért oda vissza. 1926-ban Itálián át Párizsba ment, ahol nagy érdeklődéssel szívta magába mindazt, amit látott: P. Picasso, Braque, Matisse, az alakuló szürrealisták művészetét. Az elsők egyike, akik Breton manifesztumát Pestre hozták. 1928-ban vett részt első alkalommal csoportkiállításon: a Munkácsy-céh első kiállításán és az UME tárlatán. 1928-ban berlini tanulmányútján Scheiber Hugó közvetítésével került kapcsolatba H. Waldennel, és 1929-ben Moholy Nagy közreműködésével szerepelt a Sturm Galériában, majd Budapesten a Tamás Galériában mutatta be alkotásait, 1930-ban pedig a KUT tárlatán szerepelt. Ez évben nyerte el a Szinyei Társaság Nemes Marcell-díját, és római ösztöndíjat is kapott. Közel háromnegyed évet töltött Rómában, ahol lelkesen festett. 1934-ben a KUT IV. tárlatán, 1936-ban pedig a Nemzeti Szalonban rendezett KUT bemutatóján szerepelt. 1938-ban az Ernst Múzeumban vett részt egy csoportos tárlaton. 1943-ban Erdélyben festett, három esztendővel később (1947-48) koreai, kínai, vietnámi tanulmányúton járt. Nyitottság, vitalitás, expresszív erő jellemezte hajlékony munkásságát. Kiváló technikai tudása és alkalmazkodó, mindent magába olvasztó készsége révén a legkülönbözőbb mesterek és irányzatok nyomták rá munkásságára bélyegüket. Eleinte a német expresszionizmus, majd római tartózkodása alatt a neoklasszicizmus hatott művészetére. 1926-ban Párizsban megérintette a szürrealizmus, folyóirataikat, kiáltványaikat az elsők között hozta haza Magyarországra. Hincz Gyula olyan alkotó volt, aki kezdettől fogva legnyitottabban reagált a képzőművészet minden újabb rezdülésére. Művészetére inkább a távol-keleti tusképek, s főként P. Picasso volt egy egész életre szóló hatással. Kiváló grafikus volt, számos rézkarcot készített, tus-, pasztell- és temperaképeket festett. Nagy anyaggal vett részt 1970-ben a Velencei Biennálén. 1971-ben nyílt kiállítása a Csók Galériában vietnámi témájú munkáiból. Kétszeres Munkácsy-díjas, Kossuth-díjas, Érdemes és Kiváló Művész. 1961-ben az első Miskolci Országos Grafikai Biennálén nagydíjjal jutalmazták. 1946-1949 között a budapesti Iparművészeti Főiskola, 1949-től 1963-ig pedig a Képzőművészeti Főiskola tanára volt. 1958-1963 között az Iparművészeti Főiskola igazgatójaként működött. 1983-ban négyszáz festményét Vác városának adományozta. Számos monumentális kompozíció (üvegmozaik, üvegablak, mozaik, gobelin, sgraffito) fűződik nevéhez. Próbálkozott kispalsztikával, égetett kerámiával is. (L. S.: Műv. 1968/4, Bajkay Éva, Éber, Műv. 1989/11/12)Magyar festők és grafikusok életrajzi lexikona I-II. Műgyűjtők és kereskedők kézikönyve
Festő. 1922-ben került a bp. -i Képzőművészeti Főiskolára, mint Rudnay Gyula növendéke, majd elhagyta a főiskolát és mint Vaszary-növendék tért oda vissza. 1926-ban Itálián át Párizsba ment, itt nagy érdeklődéssel szívta magába mindazt, amit látott: Picasso, Braque, Matisse, az alakuló szürrealisták művészetét. Az elsők egyike, akik Breton manifesztumát Pestre hozták. 1928-ban vett részt első alkalommal csoportkiállításon: a Munkácsy-céh I. kiállításán, val. az UME tárlatán. 1929-ben a berlini Sturm és a bp. -i Tamás Galéria rendezett műveiből kiállítást. 1930-ban a KUT tárlatán szerepelt. Ez évben nyerte el a Szinyei Társaság Nemes Marcell-díját, és római ösztöndíjat kapott. Közel háromnegyed évet töltött Rómában. 1934-ben a KUT IV. kiállításán, 1936-ban a Nemzeti Szalonban rendezett KUT tárlaton szerepelt, 1938-ban az Ernst Múzeumban vett részt egy csoportbemutatón. Eleinte a német expresszionizmus, majd hosszabb római tartózkodása alatt a neoklasszicizmus hatott művészetére. Olyan művész, aki kezdettől fogva legnyitottabban reagált a képzőművészet minden újabb rezdülésére. Nagy anyaggal vett részt 1970-ben a Velencei Biennálén. 1971-ben nyílt kiállítása a Csók Galériában vietnámi témájú munkáiból. Munkácsy-díjas és Kossuth-díjas, érdemes és kiváló művész. 1946-tól budapesti Iparművészeti Főiskola, 1949-től pedig Képzőművészeti Főiskola tanára volt. 1983-ban 400 festményét Vác városának adományozta. (L. S.: Műv. -1968/4, Éber)Magyar festők és grafikusok adattára
Rudnay Gyula és Vaszary János tanítványa volt. Sokoldalú művész, a húszas években Párizsban, majd Berlinben járt tanulmányúton, kiállítása is volt a Sturm rendezésében. A német expresszionizmus, majd hosszabb római tartózkodása alatt a neoklasszicizmus hatott művészetére. Olyan művész, aki kezdettől fogva legnyitottabban reagált a képzőművészet minden újabb rezdülésére. Nem az egymást váltó, vagy egymással párhuzamos stílusvonalak teszik munkásságát annyira színessé, változatossá, hanem merészsége, ahogyan a legkülönbözőbb műfajokban kezdeményezésre volt képes. Munkácsy- és Kossuth-díjas érdemes és kiváló művész. Igazi stílusa az expresszionizmus. Nagy anyaggal vett részt 1970-ben a Velencei Biennálén. Ugyancsak 1971-ben nyílt kiállítása a Csók Galériában vietnami témájú munkáiból. 1983-ban egész életművét fölvonultató - mindegy négyszáz festményét - Vác városának adományozta. - Irod.: Láncz Sándor: Hincz. Bp. 1972 - Bauer Jenő: Hincz Gyula. Bp. 1975. Művészeti lexikon I-IV.
Festő, grafikus, Munkácsy- és Kossuth-díjas, érdemes művész. 1922-29 között Rudnay Gyula és Vaszary János tanítványa volt a Képzőművészeti Főiskolán. 1928-ban Berlinben a Der Sturm rendezésében, 1929-ben Bp. -en a Tamás Galériában szerepelt először gyűjt. kiállításon. 1928-ban az UME, 1929-ben a KUT tagja lett. Párizsban (1926), Berlinben (1928) és Rómában (1930-31) járt tanulmányúton. 1938-ban az Ernst Múzeumban, 1943-ban a Tamás Galériában volt kiállítása. Kezdetben a német expresszionizmushoz közel álló stílusban dolgozott, majd a neoklasszicizmus is hatott művészetére. Érzékeny művészi egyénisége fogja össze az új és új problémákat megpendítő formakeresését. Az 50-es években történelmi és zsánertémák foglalkoztatták, majd később főként a monumentális díszítőfestészet vonzotta, mozaikokat (Várpalota), sgraffitót stb. tervezett. Legjelentősebb a kecskeméti Arany Homok Szálló falképe. Már a 30-as évektől kezdve foglalkozott díszletfestéssel és könyvillusztrálással. E tevékenysége különösen 1940-től vált jelentőssé (Villon, 1940; A. France: Nyársforgató Jakab, 1948; Móricz Zs.: Rózsa Sándor, 1952). Grafikája nagy hatással volt a fiatal magyar grafikusnemzedékre. Kiváló gobelitervező (Népek barátsága, 1956; Béke, 1958; Martinász, 1959). Szobrokat is mintáz. 1946-tól az Iparművészeti, 1949-től 1963-ig a Képzőművészeti Főiskola tanára, 1958-63 között az Iparművészeti Főiskola igazgatója volt. 1964-ben grafikáiból a Dürer-teremben nyílt kiállítás. Művészeti lexikon I-II.
Budapest 1904. ápr. 17. Ugyanitt a Képzőműv. Főiskolán Vaszary János tanítványa volt, azután Rómában képezte magát. 1929. a berlini Sturm és a budapesti Tamás Galéria rendezett műveiből gyűjt. kiállítást. Posztimpresszionista. Művész életrajzok kortárs magyar képzőművészek
1929-ben végzett Rudnay Gyula növendékeként a főiskolán. Tanulmányutakat tett Olasz- és Franciaországban, megfordult Vietnamban és Kínában. A két világháború között az UME és a KUT tagja. Gyűjteményes kiállítása volt 1928-ban Berlinben, 1929-ben és 1934-ben a Tamás Galériában, 1938-ban az Ernst Múzeumban, 1964-ben a Dürer Teremben, 1968-ban a Petőfi Irodalmi Múzeumban és Párizsban, 1971-ben a Budapesti Történeti Múzeumban, 1976-ban a Csontváry Teremben és a Nemzeti Galériában, 1980-ban a Vigadó Galériában. 1983-ban Vácott állandó kiállítása nyílt. Bemutatkozott ezentúl számos vidéki városban, több kelet és nyugat-európai fővárosban, az 1960-as és 1970-es Velencei Biennálékon. Az Iparművészeti Főiskola igazgatója (1946-1969) és a Képzőművészeti Főiskola tanára volt. 1952-ben és 1957-ben Munkácsy-díjat, 1958-ban Kossuth-díjat kapott; 1964-ben érdemes, 1968-ban kiváló művészi címmel, 1982-ben SZOT-díjjal tüntették ki. A Miskolci Grafikai Biennálé (1961) nagydíjasa. - Nyugtalan szellemű, kísérletező művész, aki több műfajban dolgozik. Bravúros tehetsége bizonyos eklektikát mutat, az irányzatokat azonban magához hasonlítja, átlényegíti. Rendkívüli vonal- és színkultúrája jól érvényesül grafikáiban és murális munkáiban. Művészi életműve egy szuverén szellemvilág szigorú rendjének kifejezője.
A termékről további nagy felbontású képek!
( portrévázlatok technikai gyakorlatok )
Hincz Gyula :
Jelenlegi ára: 32 000 Ft
Az aukció vége: 2017-07-05 01:18
          Vietnam condena a diez años de prisión a la famosa bloguera 'Madre Seta'   

Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh, conocida como 'Madre Seta' --o 'Nam Me', en vietnamita-- estaba incomunicada desde que tuvo lugar su detención el pasado mes de octubre.

Está acusada por un delito de difusión de propaganda contra el Estado Ha sido condenada a diez años de prisión, según han informado tanto sus abogados como sus familiares a Radio Free Asia (RFA).


          Vietnam condena a 10 años de cárcel a una bloguera   
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          Yamaha Set To Launch New Scooter   
Yamaha is set to launch a new scooter in India soon. A test mule of a Yamaha automatic scooter has been spotted near Chennai.  The image, shared by Bikeadvice, suggests that the test unit was of Yamaha Nozza Grande currently on sale in Vietnam. The design of the Nozza Grande is a mix of retro and modern appeal, with some cues shared with the Fascino. The Nozza Grande would compete against the likes of Honda Activa 125 when launched in India. In the international market, t..
          Daily 3-Bet: Monster Yoon, Battling Mercier, Alive w/ Poker   

The PokerListings Daily 3-Bet is a sore tummy and a faint headache but the intestinal fortitude to tough it out in the dog-eat-dog afternoon poker news war.

Have something you'd like to see featured in a future 3-Bet? Tell us in the comments.

Today in the 3-Bet we find Brian Yoon showing he's a real poker monster, Jason Mercier fights on and the WSOP is alive with great poker stories.

1) Yoon Goes 3x, Wins $1m

27-year-old Californian Brian Yoon isn't necessarily the first name you think of when you start bandying about multiple WSOP bracelet winners.

brianyoon
Yoon strikes again.

It's about time he entered the conversation, though.

Yoon steamrolled to his third career WSOP bracelet yesterday and a monstrous $1,094,349 payout in the 2017 WSOP Monster Stack event.

He knocked out the final 4 players to seal the deal, too, and give himself yet another win over a massive tournament field.

Yoon's previous two bracelet wins? The $1,111 Little One for One Drop in 2013 for $663,727 and the $5k NL 8-Handed event in 2014 for $633,341.

That's over $2.4m in WSOP earnings alone (of $4.2m total live). 

Without, you know, beating the monster metaphor to death ... that's a 'monster' of a poker resume. Congrats to him. Enjoy that moniez!

2) Mercier in Final 23 of $1,500 NL

It's safe to say, after last year's 2-bracelet, 11-cash, POY winning WSOP, Jason Mercier was going to have a tough time matching it in 2017. So far, that's been the case.

Jason Mercier 5816
No quit in JMerc.

While Mercier has 5 cashes (and one FT) for about $100k total - a massively successful summer for 98% of the poker world - it likely hasn't quite measured up to the high expectations he puts on himself every summer.

Mercier is the epitome of a grinder, though, and equally likely to put three final tables in the bag this week. And that hot streak could start today as he's in the final 23 to start Day 3 of Event #52, $1,500 No-Limit Hold'em.

With 457k in chips Mercier's is 9th heading in but a couple of nice pots early and he could seize control. The fact he's even in a $1,500 is proof Mercier is in grind mode and willing to do the work for bracelet #6.

Will it happen today? Tune in to the final table live stream on the PokerGO app to find out.

3) Indestructible Grumpa

Nine strokes. 11 heart attacks. 2 amputations.

JJ Volpe 2
JJ Volpe just one of amazing WSOP stories.

We've heard some incredible poker stories over the course of our 12 years at the World Series of Poker but every year we're still surprised by how many more are out there to find.

While we met our own, battle-hardened survivor with a lifelong relationship with poker, ESPN's Bernard Lee told the story of 69-year old poker player Warren "Grumpa" Griffith.

We won't give away all the twists and turns (although the intro above speaks to a few of them) but suffice to say it's an amazing story and a life intertwined with poker in ways most of us can't imagine.

Go there and give it a read asap.

What's the most amazing story you've heard at the World Series of Poker? Let us know in the comments below!



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          How JJ Volpe Ass-Kicked His Way from Vietnam to 34 WSOPs   

JJ Volpe's story takes us from a 22-year-old hustling poker on his first day in the Vietnam War to 34 years spent competing at the World Series of Poker.

Volpe's played poker professionally since 1981, in Las Vegas for 11 years and the rest in California, mostly at the Commerce Casino.

He's semi-retired now. He lives in Arizona where he bought some land.

The first entry on his Hendon Mob results page is a 1st-place finish in the 1984 Grand Prix of Poker at the Golden Nugget in downtown Las Vegas.

Now, almost three and a half decades later he's still playing at the WSOP. We caught him before the start of the $1,500 Seven Card Stud event.

Funnily enough, it was Stud they were playing in an officer's tent all those years ago in Vietnam.

PokerListings.com: How is poker different now compared to when you started in the 1980s?

JJ Volpe: Well, technically I'm an outspoken guy. I'm a Vietnam veteran and I'm an outspoken guy. The new guys, frankly, drink the Kool-Aid.

PL.com: What does the Kool-Aid represent here?

JJ: Well, if you create waves around here, they don't appreciate it. Don't make any waves, just be quiet.

PL.com: Is that your approach to the game?

JJ: No. I'm what you might call an asskicker so I don't like to take bull from anyone. Let's put it that way.

PL.com: What else bothers you about people today?

JJ: You know what really aggravates me? Nobody even watches the game anymore. They just watch their cell phones and their tablets.

JJ Volpe 2
"Then a goddamn mortar hits right outside the tent."

Concentration and focus is the biggest thing in poker and nowadays you sit at a table with nine players, at least six of them are on their phones.

PL.com: You mentioned you served in Vietnam. Did you play poker over there?

JJ: There were big games in Vietnam. I was 22 years old. I went right after college. My first trip up country I went in the officer's tent and there was a poker game on a bumper pool table.

There was all kinds of money on the table: Vietnamese, Laotian, Thai, American, IOUs. I didn't know what any of it meant. It was my first time up country. They were all sergeants and high-ups and they were playing Stud and I got in the game.

I won the first four hands in a row and then I picked up some garbage hands and thought to myself that they wouldn't think a young guy like me would be bluffing in that game so I put some bluffs out.

Long story short, I won the first seven hands I played.

I've got so many different currencies I don't even know how much it is, and also I don't have enough room for it because we're playing on this bumper pool table.

This game was my first day up country and it's now pushing like 4am and a goddamn mortar hits right outside the tent. I grab my weapon and jump in the bunker. By this time the entire tent has collapsed.

Afterwards we raise the tent and go back in. All the money was gone.



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          Book trade bonanza at Powells   
Oh man did I score at Powell's yesterday. I brought in a stack of books and received just under $50 in credit. Having not bought books in awhile there were so many to pick up. Here was my haul.

American Rust by Philipp Meyer. This one gets compared to McCarthy and Lehane and also wound up on a number of best of lists for 09. Looks promising, in a bleak, makes-you-wanna-die kinda way.

Warlock by Oakley Hall. I've been meaning to get a copy of this and then all of a sudden Steve recommended it. It is currently in a NYRB classics edition, but lucky me, I found a used copy of an earlier edition.

Nightmare Alley by William Gresham. After Dirda gushed about it, I needed it. And there it was! The very last copy. I felt special.

Matterhorn by Karl Marlantes. Supposedly the Vietnam novel. We shall see.

Cthulhu's Reign by collected authors. Yes, well, one of these things is not like the other, I guess. With all that literary goodness, I needed a little profane to balance out the sacred.

Why no love for nonfiction? I have SO much nonfiction out from the library that I am feeling a little under the gun on that front.
          Comment on THE FIFTEENTH NIGHT SECOND PART, 30 Days has September by Hu Lowery   
I write and delete quite a bit so I'm not sure if I posted this to you before but they are still checking a "naughty or nice list" when you go to vietnam as a tourist. Anyone that was on their shitlist probably still is. My friend had a small bounty placed on his head while in vietnam. Not all that long ago he started going to the reunions and such and was told about the list and that his name was on it. If I had past problems I don't believe I would chance a visit.
          Vietnam eVisa Introduces a Simplified Three Step Process for Vietnam Visa Application   
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          BSA Film Friday 06.30.17   
Our weekly focus on the moving image and art in the streets. And other oddities. Now screening : 1. Herakut at Nigg Bay 2. Maga Ilustration for 12 + 1 in Barcelona 3. Csaw X All Teeth in Abandoned Tribute 4. UCIT “VIETNAM” – The adventures of Optimistuey. 5. Order55 X Sydney from Dom West. […]
          These Iraq and Afghanistan veterans share what life is like after the battlefield    
There used to be a time in our country's history when many people had a connection to someone serving in the Armed Forces - people had a brother, a cousin, an uncle or an aunt who served in WWII, Korea, or Vietnam. Today, having that connection to the military is not as common. Volunteers fill the military's ranks, and civilians have grown farther apart from those who put their lives on the line. All this week, we're bringing you stories about Michigan's post 9/11 veterans - stories about what life has been like since their return home. So who are these veterans? We met nine of them who shared their stories with us. Go to our Beyond the Battlefield page to get to know some of these Michigan veterans.
          KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI   
Disusun Oleh:Eko Prasetiyo (XI IPS 4 – 10 -2012)


KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI

KONSEP KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI
Apabila Anda mendengar kata “Keanekaragaman”, dalam pikiran anda mungkin akan terbayang kumpulan benda yang bermacam-macam, baik ukuran, warna, bentuk, tekstur dan sebagainya. Bayangan tersebut memang tidak salah. Kata keanekaragaman memang untuk menggambarkan keadaan bermacam-macam suatu benda, yang dapat terjadi akibat adanya perbedaan dalam hal ukuran, bentuk, tekstur ataupun jumlah.
Sedangkan kata “Hayati” menunjukkan sesuatu yang hidup. Jadi keanekaragaman hayati menggambarkan bermacam-macam makhluk hidup (organisme) penghuni biosfer.
Keanekaragaman hayati disebut juga “Biodiversitas”. Keanekaragaman atau keberagaman dari makhluk hidup dapat terjadi karena akibat adanya perbedaan warna, ukuran, bentuk, jumlah, tekstur, penampilan dan sifat-sifat lainnya.
Sedangkan keanekaragaman dari makhluk hidup dapat terlihat dengan adanya persamaan ciri antara makhluk hidup. Untuk memahami konsep keseragaman dan keberagaman makhluk hidup pergilah Anda ke halaman sekolah. Amati lingkungan sekitarnya! Anda akan menjumpai bermacam-macam tumbuhan dan hewan. Jika Anda perhatikan tumbuhan-tumbuhan itu, maka Anda akan menemukan tumbuhan-tumbuhan yang berbatang tinggi, misalnya: palem, mangga, beringin, kelapa. Dan yang berbatang rendah, misalnya: cabe, tomat, melati, mawar dan lain-lainnya. Ada tumbuhan yang berbatang keras, dan berbatang lunak. Ada yang berdaun lebar, tetapi ada pula yang berdaun kecil, serta bunga yang berwarna-warni. Begitu pula Anda akan menemukan tumbuhan-tumbuhan yang memiliki kesamaan ciri seperti: tulang daun menyirip atau sejajar, sistem perakaran tunggang atau serabut, berbiji tertutup atau terbuka, mahkota bunga berkelipatan 3 atau 5 dan lain-lain. Begitu pula pada hewan-hewan yang Anda temukan, terdapat hewan-hewan yang bertubuh besar seperti kucing, sapi, kerbau, dan yang bertubuh kecil seperti semut
serta kupu-kupu. Ada hewan berkaki empat, seperti kucing. Berkaki dua seperti ayam. Berkaki banyak seperti lipan dan luwing. Juga akan tampak burung yang memiliki bulu dan bersayap.

Di samping itu, Anda juga akan menemukan hewan yang hidupnya di air seperti: ikan mas, lele, ikan gurame. Dan hewan-hewan yang hidup di darat seperti kucing, burung dan lain-lain. Ada hewan yang tubuhnya ditutupi bulu seperti burung, ayam. Ada yang bersisik seperti ikan gurame, ikan mas, dan ada pula yang berambut seperti kucing, kelinci dan lain-lain.
Dari hasil pengamatan atau observasi di halaman sekolah, Anda telah menemukan adanya keseragaman dan keberagaman pada makhluk hidup.
Untuk lebih memahami uraian diatas, cobalah Anda kerjakan kegiatan praktikum berikut:
1. KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI TINGKAT GEN
Keanekaragaman hayati tidak saja terjadi antar jenis, tetapi dalam satu jenis pun terdapat keanekaragaman. Adanya perbedaan warna, bentuk, dan ukuran dalam satu jenis disebut variasi.
Untuk mendapatkan gambaran yang lebih jelas tentang tingkatan keanekaragaman hayati, simak uraiannya berikut ini:
1. Keanekaragaman Hayati Tingkat Gen
Apa yang dimaksud dengan keanekaragaman hayati tingkat gen? Untuk menemukan jawaban ini, cobalah amati tanaman bunga mawar. Tanaman ini memiliki bunga yang berwarna-warni, dapat berwarna merah, putih atau kuning. Atau pada tanaman mangga, keanekaragaman dapat Anda temukan antara lain pada bentuk buahnya, rasa, dan warnanya.
Demikian juga pada hewan. Anda dapat membandingkan ayam kampung, ayam hutan, ayam ras, dan ayam lainnya. Anda akan melihat keanekaragaman sifat antara lain pada bentuk dan ukuran tubuh, warna bulu dan bentuk pial (jengger).

Gambar 1. Keanekaragaman gen pada ayam
Keanekaragaman warna bunga pada tanaman mawar. Bentuk, rasa, warna pada buah mangga, serta keanekaragaman sifat, warna bulu dan bentuk pial pada ayam, ini semua disebabkan oleh pengaruh perangkat pembawa sifat yang disebut dengan gen. Semua makhluk hidup dalam satu spesies/jenis memiliki perangkat dasar penyusun gen yang sama. Gen merupakan bagian kromosom yang mengendalikan ciri atau sifat suatu organisme yang bersifat diturunkan dari induk/orang tua kepada keturunannya.
Gen pada setiap individu, walaupun perangkat dasar penyusunnya sama, tetapi susunannya berbeda-beda bergantung pada masing-masing induknya. Susunan perangkat gen inilah yang menentukan ciri atau sifat suatu individu dalam satu spesies.
Apa yang menyebabkan terjadinya keanekaragaman gen? Perkawinan antara dua individu makhluk hidup sejenis merupakan salah satu penyebabnya. Keturunan dari hasil perkawinan memiliki susunan perangkat gen yang berasal dari kedua induk/orang tuanya. Kombinasi susunan perangkat gen dari dua induk tersebut akan menyebabkan keanekaragaman individu dalam satu spesies berupa varietas-varietas (varitas) yang terjadi secara alami atau secara buatan.
Keanekaragaman yang terjadi secara alami adalah akibat adaptasi atau penyesuaian diri setiap individu dengan lingkungan, seperti pada rambutan. Faktor lingkungan juga turut mempengaruhi sifat yang tampak (fenotip) suatu individu di samping ditentukan oleh faktor genetiknya (genotip). Sedangkan keanekaragaman buatan dapat terjadi antara lain melalui perkawinan silang (hibridisasi), seperti pada berbagai jenis mangga.
Perbedaan sifat pada jenis mangga dapat Anda amati pada tabel berikut:
No. Mangga Bentuk Buah Rasa arima
1.
2.
3. golek
kuini
gedong lonjong panjang
bulat telur, besar
bulat, kecil manis
manis
lebih manis tidak wangi
wangi
tidak wangi
Pada manusia juga terdapat keanekaragaman gen yang menunjukkan sifat-sifat berbeda, antara lain ukuran tubuh (besar, kecil, sedang); warna kulit (hitam, putih, sawo matang, kuning); warna mata (biru, hitam, coklat), serta bentuk rambut (ikal, lurus, keriting). Cobalah perhatikan diri Anda sendiri! Ciri atau sifat apa yang Anda miliki? Sesuaikan dengan uraian di atas?
2. Keanekaragaman Hayati Tingkat Jenis
Dapatkah Anda membedakan antara tumbuhan kelapa aren, nipah dan pinang? Atau membedakan jenis kacang-kacangan, seperti kacang tanah, kacang buncis, kacang kapri, dan kacang hijau? Atau Anda dapat membedakan kelompok hewan antara kucing,harimau, singa dan citah? Jika hal ini dapat Anda bedakan dengan benar, maka paling tidak sedikitnya anda telah mengetahui tentang keanekaragaman jenis.
Untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman hayati tingkat jenis pada tumbuhan atau hewan, anda dapat mengamati, antara lain ciri-ciri fisiknya. Misalnya bentuk dan ukuran tubuh,warna, kebiasaan hidup dan lain-lain.
Contoh, dalam keluarga kacang-kacangan, antara lain; kacang tanah, kacang kapri, kacang hijau dan kacang buncis. Di antara jenis kacang-kacangan tersebut Anda dapat dengan mudah membedakannya, karena antara mereka ditemukan ciri-ciri yang berbeda antara ciri satu dengan yang lainnya. Misalnya ukuran tubuh atau batang (ada yang tinggi dan pendek); kebiasaan hidup (tumbuh tegak, ada yang merambat), bentuk buah dan biji, warna biji, jumlah biji, serta rasanya yang berbeda.

Gambar 2. Keanekaragaman jenis pada kacang-kacangan
Contoh lain, keanekaragaman pada keluarga kucing. Di kebun binatang, Anda dapat mengamati hewan harimau, singa, citah dan kucing.

Gambar 2. Keanek ragaman jenis pada hewan (a) harimau, (b) singan, (c) kucing dan (d) citah.
Walaupun hewan-hewan tersebut termasuk dalam satu familia/suku Felidae, tetapi diantara mereka terdapat perbedaan-perbedaan sifat yang mencolok. Misalnya, perbedaan warna bulu, tipe lorengnya, ukuran tubuh, tingkah laku, serta lingkungan hidupnya.
Cobalah Anda perhatikan perbedaan sifat dari hewan berikut ini :
No. Ciri-ciri Kucing Harimau Singa Citah
1.

2.

3. Ukuran tubuh
Warna bulu

Tempat hidup Kecil

Hitam, putih, kuning
Hutan, rumah Besar

Hitam, putih, kuning
Hutan Besar

Hitam, putih, kuning
Hutan Sedang

Hitam/ putih
Pohon
Demikian pula pada kelompok tumbuhan yang tumbuh di dataran tinggi dan dataran rendah akan memperlihatkan perbedaan-perbedaan sifat pada tinggi batang, daun dan bunga. Contohnya kelapa, aren, pinang, dan lontar, seperti tampak pada tabel pengamatan berikut ini.
No Ciri-ciri Kelapa Aren Pinang Lontar
1. Tinggi Batang >30m 25m 25 15-30m
2. Daun -Panjang tangkai daun 75-150cm
-Helaian daun 5m, ujungruncing dan keras -Panjang tangkai daun 150cm Tangkai daun pendek -Panjang tangkai daun 100cm
-Helaian daun bulat, tepi daun bercangap menjari
3. Bunga Tongkol Tongkol Tongkol Bulir

Gambar 2. Keanekaragaman pada suku Palmae
Dari contoh-contoh di atas, Anda dapat mengetahui ada perbedaan atau variasi sifat pada kucing, harimau, singa dan citah yang termasuk dalam familia/suku Felidae. Variasi pada suku Felidae ini menunjukkan keanekaragaman pada tingkat jenis.
Hal yang sama terdapat juga pada tanaman kelapa, aren, pinang, dan lontar yang termasuk suku Palmae atau Arecaceae.
3. Keanekaragaman Hayati Tingkat Ekosistem
Di lingkungan manapun Anda di muka bumi ini, maka Anda akan menemukan makhluk hidup lain selain Anda. Semua makhluk hidup berinteraksi atau berhubungan erat dengan lingkungan tempat hidupnya.
Lingkungan hidup meliputi komponen biotik dan komponen abiotik. Komponen biotik meliputi berbagai jenis makhluk hidup mulai yang bersel satu (uni seluler) sampai makhluk hidup bersel banyak (multi seluler) yang dapat dilihat langsung oleh kita. Komponen abiotik meliputi iklim, cahaya, batuan, air, tanah, dan kelembaban. Ini semua disebut faktor fisik. Selain faktor fisik, ada faktor kimia, seperti salinitas (kadar garam), tingkat keasaman, dan kandungan mineral.
Baik komponen biotik maupun komponen abiotik sangat beragam atau bervariasi. Oleh karena itu, ekosistem yang merupakan interaksi antara komponen biotik dengan komponen abiotik pun bervariasi pula.
Di dalam ekosistem, seluruh makhluk hidup yang terdapat di dalamnya selalu melakukan hubungan timbal balik, baik antar makhluk hidup maupun makhluk hidup dengan lingkungnnya atau komponen abiotiknya. Hubungan timbal balik ini menimbulkan keserasian hidup di dalam suatu ekosistem. Apa yang menyebabkan terjadinya keanekaragaman tingkat ekosistem? Perbedaan letak geografis antara lain merupakan faktor yang menimbulkan berbagai bentuk ekosistem.

Gambar 2. Keanekaragaman ekosistem (a) padang rumput (b) padang tundra (c) gurun pasir
Perbedaan letak geografis menyebabkan perbedaan iklim. Perbedaan iklim menyebabkan terjadinya perbedaan temperature, curah hujan, intensitas cahaya matahari, dan lamanya penyinaran. Keadaan ini akan berpengaruh terhadap jenis-jenis flora (tumbuhan) dan fauna (hewan) yang menempati suatu daerah.
Di daerah dingin terdapat bioma Tundra. Di tempat ini tidak ada pohon, yang tumbuh hanya jenis lumut. Hewan yang dapat hidup, antara lain rusa kutub dan beruang kutub. Di daerah beriklim sedang terdpat bioma Taiga. Jenis tumbuhan yang paling sesuai untuk daerah ini adalah tumbuhan conifer, dan fauna/hewannya antara lain anjing hutan, dan rusa kutub.
Pada iklim tropis terdapat hutan hujan tropis. Hutan hujan tropis memiliki flora (tumbuhan) dan fauna (hewan) yang sangat kaya dan beraneka ragam. Keanekaragaman jenis-jenis flora dan fauna yang menempati suatu daerah akan membentuk ekosistem yang berbeda. Maka terbentuklah keanekaragaman tingkat ekosistem.
Totalitas variasi gen, jenis dan ekosistem menunjukkan terdapat pelbagai variasi bentuk, penampakan, frekwensi, ukuran dan sifat lainnya pada tingkat yang berbeda-beda merupakan keanekaragaman hayati.
Keanekaragaman hayati berkembang dari keanekaragaman tingkat gen, keanekaragaman tingkat jenis dan keanekaragaman tingkat ekosistem. Keanekaragaman hayati perlu dilestarikan karena didalamnya terdapat sejumlah spesies asli sebagai bahan mentah perakitan varietas-varietas unggul. Kelestarian keanekaragaman hayati pada suatu ekosistem akan terganggu bila ada komponen-komponennya yang mengalami gangguan.
Gangguan-gangguan terhadap komponen-komponen ekosistem tersebut dapat menimbulkan perubahan pada tatanan ekosistemnya. Besar atau kecilnya gangguan terhadap ekosistem dapat merubah wujud ekosistem secara perlahan-lahan atau secara cepat pula. Contoh-contoh gangguan ekosistem , antara lain penebangan pohon di hutan-hutan secara liar dan perburuan hewan secara liar dapat mengganggu keseimbangan ekosistem. Gangguan tersebut secara perlahan-lahan dapat merubah ekosistem sekaligus mempengaruhi keanekaragaman tingkat ekosistem. Bencana tanah longsor atau letusan gunung berapi, bahkan dapat memusnahkan ekosistem. Tentu juga akan memusnahkan keanekaragaman tingkat ekosistem. Demikian halnya dengan bencana tsunami.
KEANEKARAGAMAN HAYATI INDONESIA
Tahukah Anda, bahwa Indonesia merupakan salah satu dari tiga Negara yang memiliki keanekaragaman hayati yang tinggi? Dua negara lainnya adalah Brazil dan Zaire. Tetapi dibandingkan dengan Brazil dan Zaire, Indonesia memiliki keunikan tersendiri. Keunikannya adalah disamping memiliki keanekragaman hayati yang tinggi, Indonesia mempunyai areal tipe Indomalaya yang luas, juga tipe Oriental, Australia, dan peralihannya. Selain itu di Indonesia terdapat banyak hewan dan tumbuhan langka, serta hewan dan tumbuhan endemik (penyebaran terbatas).
Untuk lebih memahami materi tersebut, silakan Anda simak uraian mengenai keaneragaman hayati yang terdapat di Indonesia berikut ini!
Indonesia terletak di daerah tropik sehingga memiliki keanekaragaman hayati yang tinggi dibandingkan dengan daerah subtropik (iklim sedang) dan kutub (iklim kutub). Tingginya keanekaragaman hayati di Indonesia ini terlihat dari berbagai macam ekosistem yang ada di Indonesia, seperti: ekosistem pantai, ekosistem hutan bakau, ekosistem padang rumput, ekosistem hutan hujan tropis, ekosistem air tawar, ekosistem air laut, ekosistem savanna, dan lain-lain. Masing-masing ekosistem ini memiliki keaneragaman hayati tersendiri.
Tumbuhan (flora) di Indonesia merupakan bagian dari geografi tumbuhan Indo-Malaya. Flora Indo-Malaya meliputi tumbuhan yang hidup di India, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, dan Filipina. Flora yang tumbuh di Malaysia, Indonesia, dan Filipina sering disebut sebagai kelompok flora Malesiana.
Hutan di daerah flora Malesiana memiliki kurang lebih 248.000 species tumbuhan tinggi, didominasi oleh pohon dari familia Dipterocarpaceae, yaitu pohon-pohon yang menghasilkan biji bersayap. Dipterocarpaceae merupakan tumbuhan tertinggi dan membentuk kanopi hutan. Tumbuhan yang termasuk famili Dipterocarpaceae misalnya Keruing ( Dipterocarpus sp), Meranti (Shorea sp), Kayu garu (Gonystylus bancanus), dan Kayu kapur (Drybalanops aromatica).
Hutan di Indonesia merupakan bioma hutan hujan tropis atau hutan basah, dicirikan dengan kanopi yang rapat dan banyak tumbuhan liana (tumbuhan yang memanjat), seperti rotan. Tumbuhan khas Indonesia seperti durian (Durio zibetinus), Mangga (Mangifera indica), dan Sukun (Artocarpus sp) di Indonesia tersebar di Sumatra, Kalimantan, Jawa dan Sulawesi.
Sebagai negara yang memiliki flora Malesiana apakah di Malaysia dan Filipina juga memiliki jenis tumbuhan seperti yang dimiliki oleh Indonesia? Ya, di Malaysia dan Filipina juga terdapat tumbuhan durian, mangga, dan sukun. Di Sumatera, Kalimantan, dan Jawa terdapat tumbuhan endemik Rafflesia. Tumbuhan ini tumbuh di akar atau batang tumbuhan pemanjat sejenis anggur liar, yaitu Tetrastigma.

Bagaimana dengan wilayah Indonesia bagian timur? Apakah jenis tumbuhannya sama? Indonesia bagian timur, tipe hutannya agak berbeda. Mulai dari Sulawesi sampai Irian Jaya (Papua) terdapat hutan non?Dipterocarpaceae. Hutan ini memiliki pohon-pohon sedang, diantaranya beringin (Ficus sp), dan matoa (Pometia pinnata). Pohon matoa merupakan tumbuhan endemik di Irian.
Selanjutnya, mari kita lihat hewan (fauna) di Indonesia. Hewan-hewan di Indonesia memiliki tipe Oriental (Kawasan Barat Indonesia) dan Australia (Kawasan Timur Indonesia) serta peralihan. Hewan-hewan di bagian Barat Indonesia (Oriental) yang meliputi Sumatera, Jawa, dan Kalimantan, memiliki ciri-ciri sebagai berikut:
1. Banyak species mamalia yang berukuran besar, misalnya gajah, banteng, harimau, badak. Mamalia berkantung jumlahnya sedikit, bahkan hampir tidak ada.
2. Terdapat berbagai macam kera, misalnya: bekantan, tarsius, orang utan.
3. Terdapat hewan endemik, seperti: badak bercula satu, binturong (Aretictis binturang), monyet (Presbytis thomari), tarsius (Tarsius bancanus), kukang (Nyeticebus coucang).
4. Burung-burung memiliki warna bulu yang kurang menarik, tetapi dapat berkicau. Burung-burung yang endemik, misalnya: jalak bali (Leucopsar nothschili), elang jawa, murai mengkilat (Myophoneus melurunus), elang putih (Mycrohyerax latifrons).
Sekarang mari kita lanjutkan dengan hewan-hewan yang terdapat di Kawasan Indonesia Timur. Jenis-jenis hewan di Indonesia bagian timur, yaitu Irian, Maluku, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara, relatif sama dengan Australia. Ciri-ciri hewannya adalah:
1. Mamalia berukuran kecil
2. Banyak hewan berkantung
3. Tidak terdapat species kera
4. Jenis-jenis burung memiliki warna yang beragam
Irian Jaya (Papua) memiliki hewan mamalia berkantung, misalnya: kanguru (Dendrolagus ursinus), kuskus (Spiloeus maculatus). Papua juga memiliki kolek si burung terbanyak, dan yang paling terkenal adalah burung Cenderawasih (Paradiseae sp). Di Nusa Tenggara, terutama di pulau Komodo, terdapat reptilian terbesar yaitu komodo (Varanus komodoensis).
Sedangkan daerah peralihan meliputi daerah di sekitar garis Wallace yang terbentang dari Sulawesi sampai kepulauan Maluku, jenis hewannya antara lain tarsius (Tarsius bancanus), maleo (Macrocephalon maleo), anoa, dan babi rusa (Babyrousa babyrussa).
TUGAS
Nah, untuk mengetahui kemampuan Anda mempelajari materi tersebut, silahkan kerjakan tugas praktikum berikut ini:
I. Mengamati Keanekaragaman Tingkat Gen
Tujuan : Mengetahui adanya variasi morfologi pada buah mangga.
Alat dan bahan : Berbagai macam buah mangga yang terdapat di sekitarmu.
Cara kerja :

1. Amatilah ciri-ciri masing-masing buah mangga. Ciri-ciri yang harus diamati, misalnya warna kulit, bentuk buah, ukuran buah, warna daging buah dan ukuran biji.
2. Tuliskan hasil pengamatan Anda ke dalam tabel berikut !
TABEL HASIL PENGAMATAN
No. Ciri-ciri Mangga
Harum manis Simanalagi Indramayu



Cocokkan jawaban Anda dengan meng-klik kunci jawaban!
Pertanyaan :
1. Apa penyebab timbulnya keanekaragaman pada mangga?
2. Jelaskan pengertian dari gen!
3. Apa kesimpulan hasil kegiatan tersebut?

II. Mengamati Keanekaragaman Tingkat Jenis (spesies)
Alat dan Bahan:
1. Penggaris
2. Timbangan
3. Lima (5) jenis biji kacang hijau, kacang kedelai, kacang tanah, kacang kapri, dan kacang panjang.
4. Buku catatan praktikum
Langkah Kerja:
1. Buatlah tabel pada buku catatan praktikum, seperti contoh di bawah.
2. Amati secara seksama bentuk biji kacang satu persatu.
3. Amati warna setiap biji kacang.
4. Ukurlah dengan penggaris panjang setiap biji kacang, satu persatu.
5. Timbanglah berat setiap biji kacang, dengan menggunakan alat timbangan
6. Isikan data hasil pengamatan ke dalam tabel.

No. Jenis Biji Bentuk Warna Panjang Berat
1.
2.
3.
4.
5. Kacang Hijau
Kacang Tanah
Kacang Kedelai
Kacang Panjang
Kacang Kapri .......
.......
.......
.......
....... .......
.......
.......
.......
....... .......
.......
.......
.......
....... .......
.......
.......
.......
.......
Pertanyaan:
1. Berdasarkan hasil pengamatan, adakah keanekaragaman sifat pada biji-biji kacang tersebut?
2. Menurut Anda, apakah yang menyebabkan adanya keanekaragaman jenis?
3. Apa yang dimaksud dengan keanekaragaman tingkat jenis?
Cocokkan jawaban Anda dengan meng-klik kunci jawaban!



III. Mengamati Keanekaragaman Tingkat Ekosistem
Alat dan Bahan:
1. 3 macam gambar ekosistem
2. Buku catatan praktikum

Langkah Kerja:
1. Pelajari gambar-gambar ekosistem dengan seksama
2. Jawablah pertanyaan-pertanyaan di buku catatan praktikum Anda

Gambar 1 Gambar 2 Gambar 3
Pertanyaan:
1. Apa nama ekosistem pada gambar 1, gambar 2, dan gambar 3?
2. Tuliskan macam flora atau tumbuhan yang terdapat pada ekosistem gambar 1, 2, 3?
3. Tuliskan macam fauna atau hewan yang terdapat pada ekosistem gambar 1, 2, 3?
4. Dari ketiga macam ekosistem, manakah yang memiliki jumlah dan keanekaragaman makhluk hidup yang paling banyak?
5. Apakah yang dimaksud dengan keanekaragaman ekosistem?


Pilihlah satu jawaban yang Anda anggap paling tepat dengan memberi tanda silang (X) pada huruf di depan jawaban tersebut.
1. Perbedaan yang ditemukan di antara sesama ayam dalam satu kandang
disebut ……..
A. evolusi
B. adaptasi
C. variasi
D. keberagaman
E. adaptasi dan variasi



2.

Di antara individu sejenis tidak pernah ditemukan yang sama persis untuk semua sifat. Hal ini terjadi karena adanya perbedaan…………
A. lingkungan
B. induknya
C. jenisnya
D. lingkungan dan gen
E. gen dan plasma nutfah

3. Keanekaragaman ekosistem ditunjukkan oleh adanya perbedaan komponen berikut ini, kecuali …………..
A. sumber energi primer
B. jenis produsennya
C. produktifitasnya
D. jenis konsumennya
E. komponen biotiknya

4. Dua makhluk hidup menempati daerah yang sama dapat disebut spesies
apabila …….
A. habitat dan warna rambutnya sama
B. warna dan bentuk rambutnya sama
C. jenis makanan dan cara makannya sama
D. cara reproduksi dan jumlah anaknya sama
E. dalam perkawinan menghasilkan turunan fertil

5. Anjing pudel dapat dikawinkan dengan anjing boner. Anjing-anjing tersebut dapat melahirkan anak-anak yang fertil karena anjing-anjing tersebut ……
A. satu genus
B. satu familia
C. satu species
D. satu ordo
E. satu kingdom

6. Hutan bakau di Kalimantan, hutan hujan tropis di Jawa Barat, dan savanna di Papua, merupakan contoh keanekaragaman hayati tingkat …….
A. genetik
B. species
C. ekosistem
D. populasi
E. individu






7.




Keanekaragaman warna bulu, misalnya pada burung parkit, merupakan hasil segregasi gen secara bebas. Contoh keanekaragaman bulu pada burung parkit tersebut merupakan adanya keanekaragaman tingkat ……
A. gen
B. genus
C. ekosistem
D. species
E. individu





8.



Makhluk hidup penghuni bumi ini begitu beraneka ragam. Sumber keane-karagaman makhluk hidup tersebut adalah …………..
A. sperma
B. ovum
C. gen
D. kromosom
E. zigot

9. Berikut ini yang bukan faktor-faktor penyebab terjadinya keaneragaman hayati adalah …………
A. variasi genetik
B. keaneragaman jenis
C. keanekaragaman genetik
D. keanekaragaman daur energi
E. keanekaragaman ekosistem

10. Variasi gen dalam tingkat jenis dapat menyebabkan terbentuknya ………
A. individu
B. varietas
C. species
D. populasi
E. ekosistem
          Surviving Twice: Amerasian Children of the Vietnam War   
Trin Yarborough talked about her book, Surviving Twice: Amerasian Children of the Vietnam War, published by Potomac Books. She talked about the lives of orphans who weren born to American soldiers during the Vietnam War.
          Surviving Twice: Amerasian Children of the Vietnam War   
Surviving Twice is the story of five Vietnamese Amerasians born during the Vietnam War to American soldiers and Vietnamese mothers.
          VIETNAMPOLLYBAGS.COM   
Auction Type: BuyNow, Auction End Time: 06/30/2017 09:00 AM (PDT), Price: $10, Number of Bids: 0, Domain Age: 0, Description: , Traffic: 2, Valuation: $854, IsAdult: false
          Vietnam expels dissident blogger to France   
Publisher: Reporters Without Borders - Document type: Country News
          RSF calls for urgent French response to Vietnam's arrest of blogger   
Publisher: Reporters Without Borders - Document type: Country News
          Rising seas could result in 2 billion refugees by 2100   
In the year 2100, 2 billion people - about one-fifth of the world's population - could become climate change refugees due to rising ocean levels. Those who once lived on coastlines will face displacement and resettlement bottlenecks as they seek habitable places inland, according to Cornell University research. Rising sea levels - such as those at the Mekong Delta in Vietnam - will force residents inland  [Credit: Mike...

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          Laos' first cardinal focused on evangelization, dialogue   

Pakse, Laos, Jun 29, 2017 / 03:45 pm (CNA/EWTN News).- When selecting new cardinals, Pope Francis has often sought to go to the “peripheries” of the Church, which is particularly notable in his elevation of Cardinal Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun of Paksé.

Cardinal Ling's local Church is an apostolic vicariate in Laos, a communist country of southeast Asia where Catholics make up only about one percent of the population. He is the first cardinal to hail from the nation.

The newly-minted cardinal’s resume includes a number of issues of keen interest for Francis, including evangelization, pastoral aid for the faithful where the Church is persecuted, a use of dialogue in diplomatic relations, and a concern for the environment.

Born in Laos in 1944, Cardinal Ling attend a seminary of the Voluntas Dei Institute (associated with the Oblates of Mary Immaculate) in Canada, and was ordained a priest of the Vicariate Apostolic of Vientiane in 1972, three years before the communist takeover of the country.

He was appointed vicar apostolic of Paksé in 2000, and consecrated a bishop the following year. He was elevated to the cardinalate June 28.

Cardinal Ling’s ministry in the majority-Buddhist country has been greatly varied as he has responded to the unique challenges facing the Church and the people there. Catholics number just over a mere 45,000 in the country of 7 million, and are served by only 33 priests.

“We are in the minority as Catholics, but we understand each other always; whether you are a cardinal or not, you are the same, you have to be simple and really with the people,” he told CNA.

Given such a small Catholic population, Cardinal Ling, 73, has long placed importance on catechesis and evangelization. Many married missionaries, as well as the country’s seminarians, go into villages to minister to the Catholic flock there. He is also described as placing an emphasis on integrating Christianity into the local culture in order to promote harmony with the religious majority of the country.

The communist takeover in 1975 posed a great challenge for the Church in Laos, which, anticipating persecution, stopped or scaled back many of its public liturgies and catechetical programs. Foreign missionaries were expelled. However, a surprisingly tolerant government has since allowed for the re-growth of the Church. However, the Church still faces challenges from the powers that be.

“The Church is treated very poorly in Laos – probably the worst in ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) save for Brunei,” a “well-place[d] diplomat source” told UCA News in May.

Cardinal Ling is noted for having good relationships with government authorities. Despite challenges, the cardinal holds out hope for the future of his flock. While Laos is one of the few countries lacking full diplomatic relations with the Vatican, progress has been made in the recent past, and the presence of a Laotian in the College of Cardinals will offer a prime opportunity for continued building of these relationships.

Fr. Raphael Tran Xuan Nhan of Vietnam, who has worked in Laos since 2005, described Bishop Ling to UCA News as a “kind, friendly, wise and open-minded man” who is “interested in evangelization work and welcomes all foreign missionaries to his country.” He describes the cardinal's diplomatic approach as “dialogue rather than confrontation.”

The beatification of 17 martyrs from the region, killed by communist forces in the second half of the twentieth century, was yet another sign of warming Church-state relations, as well as providing a sense of renewal for local Catholics.

The new cardinal has also spoken out of concern for the environment, responding to fast-paced deforestation in the region.

“Now we are starting to destroy ourselves,” he said, as reported by UCA News. “It’s not from climate change itself but [it is] coming from human beings and humans doing something very wrong to destroy the earth.”

The elevation of Ling to the College of Cardinals represents a peripheral perspective from a long-time pastor with broad experience in many of the challenges facing the Church today.


Alexey Gotovskiy contributed to this report.


          The Director Of 'District 9' Has Dropped Another Absolutely Mind-Bending Sci-Fi Short   
This latest film from Oats Studios is set in a Vietnam-era world where American GIs start coming across bodies with odd growths under their skin.
          For The Cardinal-Prefect, "My Day in Court"   
For all the spectacles the Vatican tends to witness, this one was simply surreal.

At the same dais where the Pope's major documents are unveiled and the global press briefed on Catholicism's showcase events – on what's usually one of the most joyous feasts of the year – today the Curia's third-ranking cardinal addressed his new fate as the church's most senior figure by far to face criminal charges of sexual abuse:


To understand the full import of Cardinal George Pell's return to Australia to appear in court and "clear my name," there's more to it than his current profile as the founding Secretary for the Economy, initially entrusted by Pope Francis with sweeping powers over finances and personnel across the Holy See's sprawling apparatus.

Indeed, what makes the 76 year-old prelate's quick move to go home for an 18 July initial hearing so significant is that Pell has not returned to his homeland since departing in early 2014 to take up his Vatican post – neither for the late 2014 installation of his hand-picked successor in Sydney, Archbishop Anthony Fisher, nor for what became a four day summons to testify before the national inquiry on religious institutions' handling of child abuse, obtained by video link from Rome.

With the scenario of a first-ever court process against a cardinal on sex crimes alleged by "multiple claimants" – the precise nature of which have not been clarified by law enforcement in his native state of Victoria – the Italian media's traditional summer "soap opera" involving the church is now set, albeit some 4,000 miles afield.

Still, despite the inevitable circus that will surround the scrutiny on one of the top rank's most enduring figures – a presence on the global scene over some two decades – for the apex of the Catholic world, it just doesn't get more serious than this.

For starters, even as Pell announced his own "leave" from his Vatican duties – and the Holy See's lead spokesman, Greg Burke, indicated that the cardinal would not "participate in public liturgies" for the duration of the judicial process – the moves amount to a de facto suspension from ministry.

Regardless of whose volition spurred the act, a recusal of the kind is without precedent for a top Curial official. What's more, however, while two decades of revelations of abuse and cover-up have been treated as a political football among the church's ideological camps, Pell is one of the few major prelates whose trajectory and alliances cut across partisan lines.

Long a favorite of the Catholic right for his unapologetic approach to moral teachings, the Oxford-trained onetime fullback – who's long relished his reputation for being a "bull in a china shop" – was initially tapped by then-Pope Benedict XVI to take the helm of the Congregation for Bishops in 2009, a move which would've made the Aussie the first prelate from the English-speaking world to oversee the all-powerful body that recommends candidates for appointments to the pontiff.

In response, what was widely perceived in Rome as a "smear campaign" went into overdrive, raising the specter of a 2002 allegation of abuse against the cardinal which dated to the 1960s. Though Pell had been cleared years earlier by an internal probe chartered by the archdiocese of Sydney, conducted by a retired judge – during which he stood aside as archbishop for several months – the ferocity of opposition to Benedict's plan led the now-retired Pope to scuttle the move before it was formally made. (Along the way, however, Pell's hard-charging style saw him successfully tackle another high-wire Vatican mission: as chair of the Vox Clara committee of senior prelates tasked with managing English liturgical translations, he led the push that brought the group's major project – the long-stymied overhaul of the Roman Missal – to completion and a historic implementation across the Anglophone world in 2011.)

Of course, that wouldn't be the end of the story. Perceived by many as angling for a Roman office from his days as an auxiliary in Melbourne – when, as one Curialist recalled, Pell "was always showing up" at the Vatican – the 2012 outbreak of the Vatileaks fiasco provided the cardinal with an opportunity for payback, and Benedict took him up on it, bringing Pell into an ad hoc group of cardinal-advisers Papa Ratzinger had convened on tackling the crisis.

Months later, the election of Pope Francis would surprisingly bring the Australian's rebound to its zenith – with his profile as a blunt, sharp-elbowed manager (and one seen as wronged by the Vatican's old guard), Pell's temporal acumen landed him a seat on the new pontiff's "Gang of 8" for the reform of the Curia (below), arguably the most surprising choice for the group given his conservative leanings.

Less than a year afterward, Francis would deliver the ultimate call – with the new Pope and his "crown council" determined to clean up the famously murky orbit of the Holy See's finances, Pell was unveiled as the choice to consolidate all control of budgets and investments under one umbrella, a first-ever CFO to replace the small village of separate entities which oversaw various pieces of the books, with varying degrees of success.

To say that the Aussie was ready would be an understatement – Pell's full-time arrival in Rome came shortly after the opening of the Domus Australia, a onetime convent converted into a hostel and event center for pilgrims from Down Under, with an ample living space already created for himself.

To be sure, though, if there was one area that the natives guarded more jealously than appointments, it was the money – and Francis' putting Pell in charge of it was greeted as something of an apocalyptic event. Unlike Benedict, however, Papa Bergoglio's Italian stubbornness wouldn't be as easily conquered.

At least, that's how it seemed at the start. While Francis has stood by his man – re-confirming the cardinal's position after he reached the retirement age of 75 last year – the Curia's penchant for bureaucratic turf-war has challenged Pell's mandate at practically every turn and made significant inroads against the new bureau's initial remit, most prominently in last year's move to suspend a first-ever external audit of all Vatican entities, which had been ordered by the Secretariat.

At the same time, the financial reform hit another major speed-bump last week as Libero Milone – the freshly empowered auditor-general hired by Pell's team – suddenly resigned from the post as reports on the move spoke of an unspecified "ugly situation" that could "get worse."

Amid the fallout from Milone's surprise departure, the Council for the Economy – the mixed group of  15 top prelates and lay experts to which Pell's Secretariat reports – had already summoned its members to an extraordinary meeting set for early July in Rome to discuss the way forward. With the new development of the charges against the cardinal-prefect – and no clarity yet on the leadership of the Economy office in the wake of Pell's leave for the court case – any long-term resolutions just became considerably more difficult.

Back in Australia, meanwhile, the indictment has come as a fresh firestorm for a church already struggling under a cloud of abuse developments. With the cardinal's polarizing shadow ever looming large despite years of absence from the scene, the nation's hierarchy has spent 2017 bracing for what's widely expected to be a damning report from the national inquiry on sex-abuse in religious institutions, which is due by the end of its mandate in mid-December.

Beyond the wide attention – and equal heaping of scorn – that Pell's 2016 testimony to the Royal Commission drew, the Australian archbishops were likewise deposed at length by the panel last February. And in another moment of major impact, a rising star of the Aussie bench – Vietnamese-born Franciscan Bishop Vincent Long of Parramatta – revealed to the probe that he had been a victim of abuse by a cleric.

All the while, another major shoe from Rome is likely soon to drop: the Pope's appointment of the next archbishop of Melbourne – already a critical move given the city's place as the continent's largest local church, yet now even more of a "hot seat" as the venue for Pell's state trial on the charges.

In a letter released after the charges were filed, Sydney's Fisher – himself a civil lawyer – warned his clergy and people that his predecessor's return to face justice "will be unsettling for many of us."

While defending Pell as "a man of integrity in his dealings with others... a thoroughly decent man," the archbishop emphasized that "we must now allow the impartial pursuit of justice," adding that the church "is not responsible" for the cardinal's legal costs and won't be footing them.

Keeping with Australian conventions for the accused, a recent biography which levied a new allegation of abuse by Pell has been pulled from sale in Victoria pending the trial. On another context note, the southern coastal state does not allow cameras in its courts, so the impending hearings will not be filmed nor televised.

-30-
          Yeni telefon dolandırıcılığı yöntemi ve tedbirleri   

Uzun zaman sonra tekrar merhaba,

İş yoğunluğum nedeniyle uzun zaman yazı ekleyemesemde her gün mutlaka birkaç kere boardest ı ziyaret ettim.

Bu yazıdaki dolandırıcılık yöntemine buradaki yüksek insanların kanacağını zannetmiyorum fakat özellikle evimizdeki yaşlıları uyarmanız için yazıyorum. Yöntemi anlattıktan sonra mağduriyete uğramamak için tavsiyelerimi ve mağduriyete uğradıktan sonra yapmanız gerekenleri anlatacağım.

Öncelikle yöntemi anlatayım, daha sonra inceliklerden bahsedeceğim:

Yöntem şöyle işliyor:

  • Dolandırıcı ekip başta Vietnam olmak üzere +84440000 gibi meşhur bankaların 444 lü numaralarına benzer bir numarayı ip telefon tahsis eden firmalardan temin ediyorlar ve bu numaralardan sizi arıyorlar,
  • Aşağıda detaylandıracağımız yöntemlerle ele geçirdikleri, kredi kartınızın ilk dört ve son dört hanesi, güncel adres bilgilerinizi ve adınızı soyadınız gibi güvenmenizi sağlayacak bilgileri size söyleyerek bankadan arandığınıza inandırmaya çalışıyorlar,
  • İnandıktan sonra ''şuan filan numaralı kartınızla filan internet sitesinden filan miktarda harcama yapıldı'' bilginiz dahilinde midir? diye soruyorlar. Elbette böyle bir harcama yapılmış değil, sizde doğal olarak bilgim dışında diyorsunuz.
  • Bunun üzerine size işlemi durdurmamızı ister misiniz diyorlar, evet diyorsunuz.
  • Daha sonra iptal için güvenlik amacıyla bilgilerinizi doğrulamamız gerekiyor diyerek sizden bilgileri almaya başlıyorlar,
  • Halbuki o sırada dolandırıcı internet bankacılığından şifremi unuttum talebi yapıyor ve yeni şifre oluşturmak için gereken aşamaları dolandırıcı ile birlikte cevaplamış ve giriş yapmasını sağlamış oluyorsunuz,
  • Son olarak sms şifresini de söyleyen mağdur, dolandırıcının internet bankacılığına erişmesini sağlıyor. Buradan sonrasını tahmin edebilirsiniz. Ama yinede anlatmam gerekiyor.
  • Burada adam hesabınızda olan parayı, KMH hesabınızdaki parayı, kredi kartından çekilebilecek nakit tutarını öncelikle mevduatlı hesabınıza oradan da enpara, garanti vb. kolay hesap açan bankalardaki kendi hesaplarına gönderiyor.
  • Bu hesabı muhtemelen kimliğini kullandığı alakasız birisinin üstüne almış, bu hesaba ulaşsanızda parayı çekene ulaşamıyorsunuz.

Yöntem yukarıdaki gibi işliyor. Bu noktada akla gelen asıl sorulardan birisi:

Soru: Dolandırıcılar adımı soyadımı, güncel adresimi, kart numaramın ilk ve son haneleri gibi bilgilerimi nereden temin ediyorlar?

Cevap: Malesef birçok kanaldan temin edebiliyorlar:

  1. Operatörler ad soyad, güncel adres ve telefon bilginizi üçüncü kişilere satabiliyorlar. Fakat bu üçüncü kişiler kanunen operatörünüzün uzantısı görünen firmalar olduğundan 3.kişi olarak geçmediğinden satış kanuna aykırı gözükmüyor.
  2. Alışveriş yaptığınız internet siteleri bilgilerinizi satabiliyor veya bu siteler hackleniyor ve buradan bilgileriniz temin ediliyor.
  3. Başta pkk benzeri terör örgütleri olmak üzere bazı organize çeteler tehditle veya para teklif ederek anlaştıkları banka görevlileriyle organize çalışarak bu bilgilerinizi temin ediyorlar. Doğrudan bilgileri verse hemen enselenecek olan bankacılar, bu yöntemle şaibeden kurtuluyorlar. Çünkü bu bilgiler bankadan başka kanallarda da mevcut.

Mağdur olmamanız için tedbirler:

  • 444 şeklinde başlamayan bşaında +8 veya benzeri numaralar olan dış ülke aramalarıdır. Bunlardan geleni ya açmayın veyahut açıp dolandırıcı olduklarını onlara söyleyerek sizden umudu kesmelerini sağlayabilirsiniz.
  • Hiçbir banka görevlisi size: ''cep telefonunuza gelen kodu bana söyleyin'' diye bir cümle kullanmaz.
  • Hiçbir banka görevlisi size ''ismim filan filan, dahili numaram filan filan'' diye size ad soyad söylemez ve dahili vermez.

Bence en kemik ikisi yeterli. Zira bunları yaşlılara anlatacaksınız en akılda kalıcı birisini seçerek kullanabilirsiniz.

Mağdur olduğunuzu anladığınız ilk dakika içerisinde yapmanız gerekenler:

  • Öncelikle kendi bankanızı arayarak tüm giriş çıkış işlemlerinin durdurulmasını ve tüm banka kartları, internet bankacılığı ve kredi kartı işlemlerinin sonlandırılmasını isteyin
  • Sonlandırma işleminden sonra en son transfer yapılan bankanın adını ve iban numarasını öğrenin ve hemen başka bir telefondan yahut telefonu kapatarak o bankayı arayarak ''kayıp çalıntı işlemlerinden müşteri hizmetlerine bağlanın.
  • Banka görevlisine: ''mağduriyete uğradım, şimdi vereceğim iban numarasına benim hesabımdan usulsüz para girişi yapılmıştır, suça ortak olmamanız için acilen hesabı dondurmaları gerektiğini, şuan bu konuşmayı kaydettiğinizi ve hemen savcılığa bu kayıtlarla başvuracağınızı'' söyleyin ve işlemlerinizi hızlı şekilde halletmelerini söyleyin. Eğer bir an önce bu hesabı dondururlarsa paranızın büyük kısmını kurtarabilirler.
  • Hesabı dondurduktan sonra en yakın adliyede şikayette bulunarak dondurulan hesapların açılmamasını temin etmek için heyecan ve sinirle değil, sakin ve nazik bir ısrarla savcı beyden rica etmelisiniz. Doğrudan adliyeye giderek süreci hızlandırın, polisle vakit kaybetmeyin.
  • Bundan sonrasında zaten sizi yönlendireceklerdir.

Mağdur olduğunuzu 10 dakika ve sonrası bir sürede farkettiyseniz:

  • Yukarıdaki ilk 4 maddeyi aynen uygulayın,
  • %90 ihtimalle paranızı kaybettiniz, üzülerek söylemeliyim. 10 dakika içerisinde dolandırıcılar paranızı aktardıkları ibandan tüm parayı nakite çevirerek parayı elektronik ortamdan ayırıyorlar ve kontrölü imkansız hale getiriyorlar.
  • Bundan sonra yapmanız gereken en yakın adliyeye gidip şikayette bulunmak.

İnşaallah böyle bir mağduriyete maruz kalmazsınız.


          [空中的鱼]:五月,阳光海滩和小热情--越南行【8 END】看看这个城市的另一面 - POCO旅游社区(http://travel.poco.cn/)   

[空中的鱼]:五月,阳光海滩和小热情--越南行【8 END】看看这个城市的另一面 - POCO旅游社区(http://travel.poco.cn/)

在离开胡志明的最后一夜,我们不仅踏足西贡歌剧院来了场穿越之旅

更上到最高的大楼,来了个Last night drink~

不过过程还是有少许曲折的。当我们手舞足蹈兼且动用其他懂英文店员帮沟通,才打了2辆摩的去到目的地。BUT!原来的顶楼bar已经执左~(not 营业)

我们又和前台小哥、coffe shopMM,多轮沟通(越南人民英文程度....er~)才总算问到最新地标。且依旧有我们想要的高层观景店~~yeah!

在高处,感受越南不一样的色彩

和早上的阳光蓝天相比,晚上多了一份异国的风情和安静

加上从旁游走而过的西贡河,更觉这个城市的柔和

这里就是胡志明68层、262米高的摩天大楼Bitexco financial tower

因为到的时候已经晚上11点多了,其他楼层都不开放了,所以只能直达51楼依旧开放的bar~~

听说48层是360度全透明观景台,这次可惜错过了,相信是日出日落时分的最佳观赏点

附上地图位置


迷幻的51层

静静欣赏西贡河夜景,也是十分惬意呢

由于太晚了,能点的小吃都没什么了。为表歉意,还送了我们一份小吃~~还是挺贴心的

闲荡一夜后,第二天早上午餐过后我们就要回归国土了。为了把最后剩余的越南盾都挥霍完毕,我们去到5星的乐天酒店,吃了顿华丽丽的自助午餐..哈哈。毕竟这里的海鲜真的好新鲜。  不过即便是五星,自助的价位也还是比国内酒店低,提供的品种也更多

当然了,现场没什么人,我一个女生已经豪吃至少3打生蚝。这种事儿,大厨应该不会记恨吧 :)

perfect ending~!


酒店夹层自助餐厅,环境明亮


虾尤其爽口新鲜


现做的牛扒


还可以点烧烤做法的虾及海鲜


Good bye 阳光海滩和小热情  Vietnam

----------越南系列-------

【7】看得见时光和音符的西贡歌剧院
http://blog1.poco.cn/myBlogDetail-htx-id-8831589-userid-43313091-pri--n-0.xhtml
 

【6】芽庄的法式大餐
http://my.poco.cn/commenddetail_v2-htx-id-903793-user_id-43313091.shtml

【5】芽庄美味不停
http://blog1.poco.cn/myBlogDetail-htx-id-8831301-userid-43313091-pri--n-0.xhtml

【4】芽庄教堂婚礼

http://blog1.poco.cn/myBlogDetail-htx-id-8830792-userid-43313091-pri--n-0.xhtml

【3】地面泥浆浴*混搭*高空下午茶
http://blog1.poco.cn/myBlogDetail-htx-id-8830457-userid-43313091-pri--n-0.xhtml

【2】芽庄掠影
http://blog1.poco.cn/myBlogDetail-htx-id-8830441-userid-43313091-pri--n-0.xhtml

【1】PHO24
http://my.poco.cn/commenddetail_v2-htx-id-903673-user_id-43313091.shtml

新浪微博: @空中的鱼Photographer

 
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          Vietnam veteran 'shot by niece's boyfriend' in Atlanta   

'Blackmailer in the White House': Mika and Joe clash again with Trump and claim president threatened to expose their relationship with National Enquirer article unless they apologized for coverage Pictured: Dramatic photos emerge of car crash 'caused by Venus Williams' which resulted in death of 78-year-old man whose family are now suing the tennis star Waiters reveal the most OUTRAGEOUS comments they've overheard as they brought customers food Thug beats his pregnant girlfriend on crutches so violently her SKULL is exposed in horrific footage caught on convenience store CCTV 'We need to instill fear of overdosing': Ohio city councilman proposes BANNING opioid addicts from getting Narcan after their second overdose Soccer superstar Lionel Messi's wedding is so lavish even his bride's dress arrived on a private jet with TWO bodyguards... but will his big day be spoiled by 'rift between ... (more)


          Zimní boty Peddy vel. 34 a 31 - 599   
Prodám poslední dva páry těchto krásných zimních bot pro malé slečny. Velikost 31 a 34. Jedná se o kvalitní značku Peddy. Boty jsou nové, ze zrušené kamenné prodejny s obuví. Nejedná se o vietnamské zboží. PC 990,- ...
          Pia Wurtzbach Denies Rumors that She Favors Maureen Over Minh Tu for Asia’s Next Top Model Title   
Pia Wurtzbach answers some “Asia’s Next Top Model” fans who are accusing her of being biased against Vietnam’s Minh Tu Nguyen when she served as a judge in the show’s finale. In an Instagram post, the former Miss Universe posted the following: Stunning. A well deserved win. A girl who was doubted for having the least modeling experience, for being soft spoken, for being one of the shortest girls in the competition and being called “just a pretty face”. You have proven them all wrong and now YOU ARE Asia’s Next Top Model. Congratulations, Maureen. You have taught us that even when the odds are against you, if your will power to win is strong, you can come out victorious. To Shikin, The first time I met you I saw myself in you. I know you are a fighter. You are a great learner and you have huge potential. And that distinct look! Wow. It’s unmistakable. You’ve improved so much and I am sure you will do well in the industry. I am so sure of it. To Tu, please stop the hate guys.😞 I DO NOT hate Tu. In fact I think she is beautiful, fierce and strong. She [...]
          Maureen, Shikin and Tu During the Final Photoshoot of Asia’s Next Top Model Cycle 5   
Check out some behind-the-scenes photos from the final photoshoot of Asia’s Next Top Model Cycle 5 where Maureen Wroblewitz of the Philippines, Shikin Gomez of Malaysia and Minh Tu Nguyen of Vietnam each wore an elegant avant garde creation inspired by their motherland.
          Frifunnet for menneskehandel    
En mann er frifunnet for menneskehandel med vietnamesiske sesongarbeidere til jordbrukere i Buskerud. Mannen er imidlertid dømt for hvitvasking og skattesvik.
          ::BISNES vs FOLLOWERS   
Assalamualaikum...


Fuuhhhhh dah berhabuk rupanya blog aku ni, dah lama tak mengemas kat sini. huhu. Aku nak ambik feel untuk update tu punyaaaaa la lama. Sebab kengkadang letih ngan keja kat ofis, letih pi bejalan, letih makan.heh. Sebenaqnya banyak gambaq yang aku nak share kat sini, tapi dah sebabkan mood nak mengupdate tu tak mari, selamber ja laaaa aku delete gambaq semua.haha.



Okeh, la ni aku akan rajin sketla update, kesian pulak blog aku ni bersawang, takdak yang monitor, dahla password aku sorang ja yang tau.haha. Okeh sempena dengan feel baru nak update blog ni, aku nak ajak la sapa2 yang terrrrrrrrrrlalu lalang kat sini untuk like page COTTON INSPIRE .


Bagi sesapa yang peminat tegar kain cotton, Japanese cotton, English cotton dari Vietnam. Bolehla luangkan masa cuci mata dan like page COTTON INSPIRE. Kain ni memang fully imported dan tahan lasak. Salah satu sebab customer buat buying repeatation, sebab, kain tu kedut dia tak teruk berbanding cotton yang semeter RM4 tu. Sapa besa beli, dia tau la kualiti cotton tu macam mana. Yang jenis dijual ni, memang kain lembut dan tak kecut. Tak payah basuh dulu sebelum nak buat baju.

Kadang-kadang kita rasa nak tempah baju dengan corak latest, sebab kalau tempah sendiri, ukuran baju tu dengan badan kita memang nampak ngam-ngam berbanding yang saiz standard. Tapi terpulang buat citarasa masing-masing. Kalau rasa malas nak tempah, boleh beli dan hadiah kat orang, tapi bila orang pakai nampak sweettttttt ja, jangan la gigit jari.haha


Okeh, dalam gambar kat atas ni, adalah kain cotton yang dijual, tapi banyak jugak yang dah sold out. Serius cakap, coraknya memang awesome.haha. Hanya separuh lagi yang tinggal, so apa lagi, meh la melawat COTTON INSPIRE.

Bai.


           Vietnamobile tổ chức đại nhạc hội bùng nổ sắc màu    
Vừa qua, chuỗi sự kiện “Đại nhạc hội bùng nổ sắc màu” của nhà mạng di động Vietnamobile đã bắt đầu từ sự kiện tại công viên Kỳ Bá (Thái Bình) ngày 24/6 và TP. Tam Kỳ (Quảng Nam) vào ngày 25/6. Vietnamobile cho biết chuỗi sự kiện này sẽ lần lượt diễn ra trên toàn quốc vào dịp cuối tuần cho tới cuối tháng 9/2017.
           Cơ hội “cất cánh” của cổ phiếu ngành hàng không    
Số lượng hành khách hàng không tăng mạnh trong các năm qua và dự báo triển vọng tích cực giai đoạn tới đang mở ra cơ hội “cất cánh” cho cổ phiếu doanh nghiệp ngành hàng không.
           GM Việt Nam mang phong cách Mỹ đến triển lãm ô tô 2017    
Thông tin từ Công ty TNHH General Motors Việt Nam (GM Việt Nam) cho biết, trong khuôn khổ Triển lãm ô tô Việt Nam 2017 - Vietnam Motor Show 2017 (VMS) diễn ra vào tháng 8/2017 tới tại TP. Hồ Chí Minh, GM Việt Nam sẽ trưng bày thế hệ mới của những dòng xe toàn cầu đậm chất Mỹ đến từ thương hiệu Chevrolet.
 
          Message by Ambassador Bruno Angelet, Head of the Delegation of the European Union to Vietnam on the conviction of Ms. Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh (Mother Mushroom)   
Delegation of the European Union to Vietnam, June 30, 2017 Yesterday’s sentencing of Ms. Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh to 10 years in prison after she had peacefully expressed her opinion on environmental and social issues directly contradicts the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights to which Vietnam […]
          Vietnam: Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh sentenced to 10 years in jail   
Front Line Defenders, June 29, 2017 On 29 June 2017, the People’s Court in Khanh Hoa province in Nha Trang sentenced human rights defender Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh to 10 years’ imprisonment for  “conducting anti-state propaganda” under Article 88 of the Penal Code. Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh is a blogger and Coordinator of the Vietnamese […]
          Vietnamese blogger Mother Mushroom jailed for 10 years   
CNN, June 30, 2017 Vietnamese blogger Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh has been sentenced to 10 years in prison by the country’s authorities, according to state media. Nguyen, also known by her blogging pseudonym, Me Nam — which translates to “Mother Mushroom” — was convicted of “conducting anti-State propaganda.” The 37-year-old, whose pseudonym originated with her […]
          U.S. Calls on Vietnam to Release Human Rights Defender Nominated with 2017 International Woman of Courage Prize   
By Defend the Defenders, June 30, 2017 The U.S. calls on Vietnam to release prominent human rights defender Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh and all other prisoners of conscience immediately and to allow all individuals in Vietnam to express their views freely and assemble peacefully without fear of retribution, said Spokesperson Heather Nauert of the U.S. […]
          Vietnamese Catholics Attacked, Beaten by Police in Dispute Over Land   
RFA, June 29, 2017 Plainclothes police attacked and beat a group of Catholic priests and their followers in central Vietnam’s Thua Thien Hue province on Wednesday when the group attempted to defend a cross they had put up on land claimed by their church, sources said. The 8:00 a.m. attack on June 28 was launched […]
          Vietnam sentences prominent blogger to 10 years in prison   
AP- Washington Post, June 29, 2017 HANOI, Vietnam — A prominent Vietnamese blogger was sentenced Thursday to 10 years in prison after being found guilty of distorting government policies and defaming the Communist regime in Facebook posts and in interviews with foreign media, her lawyer said. Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh, also known as “Mother Mushroom,” […]
          ‘Mother Mushroom’: Top Vietnamese blogger jailed for 10 years   
BBC, June 29, 2017 One of Vietnam’s top bloggers has been jailed for 10 years for distributing propaganda against the state. Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh, who is known as Mother Mushroom, was found guilty after a one-day trial in the central province of Khanh Hoa. Her lawyer told the BBC she had 15 days to […]
          Regards géopolitiques sur la Casamance, le Vietnam, la Chine et l'Arctique ainsi que sur... Montpellier   
Le bulletin du Conseil québécois d'études géopolitiques (CQEG) publie son troisième numéro, aux sujets variés, et qui annonce le colloque de mars 2016 sur les marges terrestres et maritimes de la Chine.
          Advanced prosthetic arms developed by Pentagon set for sale   
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          New Report on Birth Defects in the Children of Vietnam Veterans   

June 2017 BDRC collects data on birth defects and exposures through the National Birth Defect Registry. A new report has analyzed data on structural and functional birth defects in 1457 …

More...

The post New Report on Birth Defects in the Children of Vietnam Veterans appeared first on Birth Defect Research for Children.


          Vietnamese president confirms plans to develop nuclear cooperation with Russia   
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          Obraz jako v hollywoodském studiu. Panasonic uvádí vyladěné televizory   
Panasonic představil dva nové OLED televizory EZ950 a EZ1000. Oba jsou laděny obrazovými experty v Hollywoodu, přičemž cílem bylo zcela neutrální obrazové podání, při kterém dostane divák stejný obraz jako filmaři na studiových monitorech. Vyšší model se chlubí soundbarem vyvinutým společností Technics.
          Le Vietnam à la croisée des chemins ? - Atelier du GÉRAC   
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          An overview of Cambodia and Vietnam on a shoestring tour by G Adventures   
Having recently completed a three-week tour through Cambodia and Vietnam with the company G Adventur
          Sights & Sound 2013 live performances   


Sheila Barrios was one of the Ilonggo pop artists featured in the Acoustic Concert of Sights & Sound 2013 at Robinsons Place Iloilo on May 16, 2013. Sheila performed her hit Ilonggo song "Ginpalangga." Other artists who performed are UK-based songstress Jehnniel Palma, acoustic artist Daniel Zedane, new pop singers Jen Sanchez, Muke Gonzaga with guest artists Marty n' Lindy and rapper Zpinx Angel. The winners of the Digital Tourism Photo Contest was announced and the teaser trailer of the new Ilonggo movie "Pangyaw" by Ilonggo filmmaker Ronny Poblacion recently shot in Hong Kong was unveiled for the very first time. Hampang Productions and CPU Adverts exhibited their multi-media projects such as short films, video ads, photography and more. The event was a success and will have a sequel this year.
Sights & Sound 2013 was co-organized 8finity Events, RSLPhoenix Music, Hampang Productions, Department of Tourism Regional Office, Iloilo Dinagyang Foundation, Inc., Robinsons Place Iloilo and RNP Media Productions, co-presented by Sarabia Manor Hotel & Convention Center, The Peter Solis Nery Foundation, Inc., Mr. Cheaster Cabasac of DX Productions, Cilantro Flavors of Vietnam and Beauty Dynamics Facial Care Center. Minor sponsors are Shana Lacs Spa, Hong Kong Kitchen, M. Moleta Signs & Services, Fiesta BBQ & Seafood, Ong Bun Pension House and Everpure water. Special thanks to media partner News Express.
          Sights & Sound 2013: Merging Music, Art, Tourism and Pop Culture    






Photos by Hampang Productions

Sights & Sound 2013 merges Ilonggo pop culture, music, multimedia arts and tourism in one inspiring event at Robinsons Place Iloilo on May 16, 2013 from 10am to 6pm. Conceptualized by 8finity Events, RSLPhoenix Music and Hampang Productions in cooperation with The Department of Tourism Region VI, Iloilo Dinagyang Foundation, Inc., RNP Media Productions and CPU Council of Advertising Practitioners, the event highlights the best of Ilonggo talents and pop culture. Hampang Productions, a promising film, animation and photography organization together with the CPU Council of Advertising Practitioners mounted an interactive multimedia art exhibit featuring their best projects from short films, commercial ads, fashion and tourism photography from 10am to 6pm at the mall’s fountain area. At 2:30pm, the top 3 winners of the Digital Tourism Photo Contest were declared. The third place was bagged by Christian Bermejo who featured the Jaro Belfry in his photo, second place goes to Randolf Ponsaran who captured a stunning photo of Dinagyang warriors, and finally, Alberto Andone’s photo showing the stunning beauty of Cabugao Gamay, Gigantes Island located in Carles, Iloilo, was declared first place. They received framed photo of their entries, certificate and cash prizes of P3,000, P2,000 and P1,000, respectively.
The most-awaited acoustic pop concert of today’s promising local artists started at 3pm. Highlight of the show was 2013 British Got Talent semi-finalist and London-based alternative pop songstress Jehnniel Palma who promoted her upcoming indie album soon-to-be-sold online in itunes. Iloilo’s acoustic heartthrob Daniel Zedane, Ilonggo pop diva Sheila Barrios, newcomer pop singers Jen Sanchez and Muke Gonzaga with guest artists Marty n’ Lindy and rapper Zpinx Angel entertained the crowd with their English cover songs and original hit singles. Finally, the anticipated first teaser trailer of the new Ilonggo movie, ”Pangyaw” (Friend – in Chinese) partly shot in Hong Kong which was produced, directed and written by Ilonggo filmmaker Ronny Poblacion with screenplay by Ronelo Ladiao was unveiled. The movie’s lead actor Chuck Luat together with Poblacion provided details about the movie in a mini presscon with the local media. The event is expected to have it 2014 sequel, bigger and better.
Sights & Sound 2013 was hosted by Muke Gonzaga. The event was co-presented by Sarabia Manor Hotel & Convention Center, The Peter Solis Nery Foundation, Inc., Mr. Cheaster Cabasac of DX Productions, Cilantro Flavors of Vietnam and Beauty Dynamics Facial Care Center. Minor sponsors are Shana Lacs Spa, Hong Kong Kitchen, M. Moleta Signs & Services, Fiesta BBQ & Seafood, Ong Bun Pension House and Everpure water. Special thanks to media partner News Express.
        

          Comment on Slider 7 by vietnam visa cost   
Heya i'm forr thee first time here. I came across this board and I find It really useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others lijke yyou helped me.
          By: Xennady   
Gurray, I suspect your evaluation is correct. But it just seems rather interesting to note that apparently China had no fear of the United States, and what *we* would do if they sent troops and started shooting down American aircraft. Nope, no fear at all. Quite correctly, as we never made them face any consequences for killing our citizens and Vietnamese allies, and in fact rewarded them handsomely soon after. I think this was a bad lesson to teach our potential enemies.
          By: Grurray   
<blockquote> I’ve long regarded the abandonment of South Vietnam as a terrible stain on the honor of the US, but now I read that Nixon did it deliberately, convinced it didn’t matter if we let our Vietnamese allies get murdered by our enemies. Huh? And all after we had spent vast amounts of blood and treasure on the struggle, too. I’m sorry, I just can’t accept that. But I suspect that if Nixon hadn’t been so distracted and weakened by Watergate South Vietnam may have been able to survive anyway, especially if the left hadn’t been able to cut off US support.</blockquote> China warned us repeatedly in early years of the war that if we escalated up to a certain extent, they would send in troops, and they supplied the North with much material and military support throughout the war. Chinese anti-aircraft artillery divisions supposedly shot down thousands of our aircraft. Avoiding open conflict with China was one of the big reasons why we kept our operations limited. We didn't want a repeat of Korea. So the strategic shift was probably the case. However, during the last few years of the war there was growing strain between China and Vietnam over cultural issues and rivalries in other parts of Indochina. They ended up fighting a war against each other a few years after the fall of Saigon. It's possible that Nixon over thought the calculus of supporting one side over the other and actually underestimated the multipolarity of the region.
          By: Xennady   
<blockquote>Nixon did not *want* Saigon to fall, certainly not on his watch, and he hoped US aid and air support could keep ARVN on an even footing with the North. But his assessment that South Vietnam was less important to US national security than China tilting against the Soviets in sync with America was sound. The aid cut-off by Democrats to Saigon was not something he ever anticipated and probably would not have happened but for Watergate weakening the presidency and emboldening the anti-war wing of the Democratic Party. Nixon also overestimated how much influence China and even the USSR had with Hanoi in brokering a peace deal.</blockquote> I think I've already covered some of this in my lengthy comment just above, but I'll reiterate here: One of the big honkin' reasons I count Nixon a failure was exactly *because* he failed to prevent the domestic opposition from wrecking his foreign policy. Avoiding impeachment isn't really a high bar. But Nixon somehow failed to clear it, choosing resignation instead. That's what failure looks like. Plus, I simply think Nixon was wrong in his evaluation of the strategic scene, as Reagan proved a few short years later. Reagan. That was what success looked like. I want more of that, less of Nixon/Bush excuse mongering.
          By: Xennady   
MikeK, I take your points, and I know I'm an outlier here when it comes to my low opinion about Bush. But I am extremely tired of so-called leaders who deliver us various forms of defeat, then congratulate themselves because they haven't brought us complete disaster. I put Bush and Nixon in this category, both. It seems an interesting parallel that Nixon and Bush had foreign policies requiring significant and important military commitments- Vietnam and Iraq- yet they both failed because they were unable to manage the domestic political scene. Nixon was undone by Watergate, after relentless harassment by his enemies, then forced to resign. If I recall Ford later went down to the leftist-run Congress begging them to meet our treaty commitment to South Vietnam, but they refused. I've long regarded the abandonment of South Vietnam as a terrible stain on the honor of the US, but now I read that Nixon did it deliberately, convinced it didn't matter if we let our Vietnamese allies get murdered by our enemies. Huh? And all after we had spent vast amounts of blood and treasure on the struggle, too. I'm sorry, I just can't accept that. But I suspect that if Nixon hadn't been so distracted and weakened by Watergate South Vietnam may have been able to survive anyway, especially if the left hadn't been able to cut off US support. Bush wasn't any better. It seems by now Republicans should have figured out that leftists aren't their friends, and developed some sort of countermeasures. Instead, Bush simply wouldn't respond, tamely accepting blame for disasters not his fault, accepting idiotic policies in the name false comity, and refusing to make obvious political attacks on his political enemies, which were a key part of his job. I know it's pointless to offer advice now, and of course everyone's hindsight is famously excellent, but for Pete's sake you don't need to be an architect to notice that a building is burning down, either. Again, the buck stopped with Bush. Period. When the democrat senate refused to act upon his nominees, he should done a little more about it than nothing at all. He should have been pointing out that they were refusing to act, perhaps he should have even gotten mad about it, using the power of his office to make his objections known. And it actually mattered, because if Bush had been able to get his people in place perhaps Moussoui's infamous laptop would have been opened, preventing 9/11. Failing that happy eventuality, he could have made a political case against the democrats, appropriately blaming them for their actions, resulting in weaker opposition that maybe wouldn't have been so bold as to derail the nation's entire political discourse over something so idiotic as the Plame affair. That never happened, obviously. Worse, much worse, Bush seemingly delighted in pushing policy loathed by the rank-and-file supporters of the GOP. The Bush Amnesty bill and the intense opposition it engendered is well known, but I also recall a proposal to rewrite labor law that would have had the effect of eliminating overtime pay. Being that the GOP is essentially a middle-class party, and many middle-class voters get overtime pay, this was essentially a direct attack by the Bush administration upon a huge segment of its support. Abraham Lincoln and Franklin Roosevelt, successful presidents who also had intransigent opposition, a hostile press, general bad times and grim brutal warfare to contend with during the times in office would never have made such a stupid mistake, enraging their supporters for trivial gain. For sake of brevity I'll refrain from discussing the 2008 economic collapse. Anyway, because Bush was regarded by the public as a failure, radical narcissist Barry Obama became president, throwing away all we had gained in Iraq either because of sheer moronic idiocy or vile treason. Ugh. Again, I know I'm an outlier. But I humbly suggest we stop accepting the excuses we're given and just face facts: Both Nixon and Bush were failed Presidents. They failed at home, and they failed abroad. We just don't have enough lipstick to make them stop being pigs. Alas.
          By: zenpundit   
<b>"And as long as I’m talking about South Korea, I note that for a long time it a basket case run by a dictatorship. No more. I suppose if Nixon had been president in 1953 he would have tossed them under the bus, too"</b> Well, Nixon was Vice-president then and he did not feel that way about South Korea. More than that, he advocated threatening to use nuclear weapons to stymie Communist victory in Vietnam during Dien Bien Phu and again over Communist infiltration of Laos. Ike said no. The reason for Nixon's position then is that circumstances were different in a strategic sense. If the South Vietnamese Army fought their war ten times harder than the Afghans have the past decade, the South Koreans fought three times as hard in their war than the South Vietnamese. The ROK army did not lack for martial spirit then or now (the South Korean units later sent to Vietnam to fight were greatly feared by the Vietcong. The US also enjoyed overwhelming nuclear superiority during the 1950's in every category - megatonnage, throw weight, accuracy, delivery vehicles etc. Nixon knew the US could play from a position of overwhelming strength in Korea or Indochina at that time. Times changed. A combination of a Soviet arms build-up and McNamara-LBJ policy of intentionally allowing the Soviets to catch-up had eroded that great advantage. Nixon inherited that weaker hand along with a war in Vietnam the best and the brightest had royally screwed up. Momentum internationally was on the Soviet side and Nixon changed that by flipping China into an anti-Soviet camp. If you think the 70's were bad - and they were - imagine them with even less Soviet restraint Nixon did not *want* Saigon to fall, certainly not on his watch, and he hoped US aid and air support could keep ARVN on an even footing with the North. But his assessment that South Vietnam was less important to US national security than China tilting against the Soviets in sync with America was sound. The aid cut-off by Democrats to Saigon was not something he ever anticipated and probably would not have happened but for Watergate weakening the presidency and emboldening the anti-war wing of the Democratic Party. Nixon also overestimated how much influence China and even the USSR had with Hanoi in brokering a peace deal. Nixon was not afraid to squeeze when he had an advantage but LBJ did not leave him very much to work with in 1969 but did bequeath Nixon many extremely serious problems to fix
          By: MikeK   
"Plus, it was idiotic for Bush to accept the presence of Gorelick on the 9/11 commission, considering her role in causing it." It is helpful to recall the guerrilla war on Bush by the Democrat dominated Senate after 2000 and the Bush v Gore case. He could get no appointments confirmed and he left the DoJ in the hands of Clinton appointees until Gonzales tried to clean house 2 years later and was savaged by Democrats for doing so. Clinton fired all US Attorneys right after he was inaugurated. That included the ones investigating Whitewater. Rumsfeld was one of the few appointees at DoD by summer. Gorelick was a disaster but Bush may have had little choice by then. He is justifiably blamed for not trying harder. Nixon was a cold eyed realist who did pretty well but went too far in detente. The guy who let Vietnam go was Eisenhower who was asked by the French to help evacuate Dien Bien Phu or to use US airpower to help them break the siege.
          By: Xennady   
Anyway, about the topic at hand, I just find it rather stunning to read about Nixon deliberately tossing the Republic of Vietnam under the bus, for the supposed strategic prize of China. I find it despicable, as well. Millions of people friendly to the United States were abandoned, soon to be murdered. And this happened after the South had successfully defeated a Northern invasion- the so-called Eastertide offensive- indicating that the fall of Saigon and all that followed was not inevitable. Not only that, but since the USSR was a threat to China as well as the US I see no reason why China wouldn't have been willing to accept the continued existence of South Vietnam, much like they accept the existence of South Korea. And as long as I'm talking about South Korea, I note that for a long time it a basket case run by a dictatorship. No more. I suppose if Nixon had been president in 1953 he would have tossed them under the bus, too. Thing is, if you make a habit of screwing over your friends you'll soon have none. And if the other nations on the planet notice that the united States is a completely unreliable ally, willing to abandon them for any reason or no reason at all, then we won't find any of those new polycentric centers of gravity willing to align with us at all, not even dysfunctional welfare cases. If you put lipstick on a pig it still squeals. If you rationalize defeat you've still lost. Nixon was yet another failure as president who- much like George Bush- presided over disasters, foreign and domestic. It took the election of Ronald Reagan to put us on the right path- "My vision of the Cold War? We win, and they lose,"- and we eagerly await the emergence of someone who will lead the nation to success once again. Looking to Nixon as a guide for US policy- uhm, I just don't think that's right way to go.
          By: MikeK   
One thing that I almost never see is a discussion of what George Bush's options were after 9/11. Bill Clinton left him with a situation in the Middle East that resembles what Obama will leave the next president. Clinton ignored the 1993 WTC attack, the <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ramzi_Yousef" rel="nofollow"> Philippine airline bomber </a>, the embassy bombings and the Cole. Bush got the blame because he was president when it happened. The next attack might even come on the next president's watch. The decision process goes back to the first Gulf attack on Kuwait. Fight that war ? Was it ended too soon ? I think some of this is the fault of Schwartzkopf who did not wait for State Department input before signing an armistice that Saddam manipulated and evaded. I agree that nation building was a mistake as it was in Vietnam. Afghanistan was being handled fairly well until Democrats decided to use it to accuse Bush of fighting "the wrong war." That will end in disaster and I worry a lot about how we get out of there. The <a href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil-for-Food_Programme" rel="nofollow"> Oil for Food Scandal </a> has been long forgotten by our ahistorical population who don't know who was our opponent in the Revolutionary War.
          吉宝集团KEPPEL GROUP   
根据观察,新加坡吉宝集团KEPPEL GROUP旗下各大子公司都有很多工作机会,不妨了解多一些,以下只是一部分:

Keppel Corporation
Corporate Communications / Investor Relations
Executive / Senior Executive, Group Corporate Communications
Country : Singapore

Key Responsibilities
Handle media relations, publicity and advertising campaigns and corporate publications for the Group Plan, organise and implement corporate communication initiatives and activities.
Write press releases and produce newsletters and marketing collaterals
Manage local and overseas corporate, media and marketing events

Requirements
Degree in English, Business Administration, Mass Communication or related discipline
Good networking and media handling skills
Flair in writing, with strong command of English and Mandarin
Able to multi-task and work well under pressure to meet tight deadlines
Creative self-starter with an outgoing personality

其他子公司聘请的职位包括:
Assistant Engineer/Sales Coordinator -Cable ladder Keppel Seascan,(Singapore).
Assistant Marketing Executive Keppel FELS (Singapore)
Assistant Sales Engineers - Trading Keppel Seascan (Singapore)
Marketing Executive Keppel FELS (Singapore)
Marketing Executive Keppel Land (Vietnam)
Marketing Manager Keppel Land (China)
Marketing Manager Keppel Land (Vietnam)
Marketing Officer Keppel Shipyard (Singapore)
Retail Marketing Manager Keppel Land (Indonesia)
Sales Coordinator - Building Keppel Seascan (Singapore)
Sales Engineer Keppel Seascan (Singapore)
Sales Engineers - Equipment Keppel Seascan (Singapore)
Sales Executives - Building Keppel Seascan (Singapore)
Sales Manager / Executive Keppel Logistics (Singapore)
Showflat Assistants Keppel Land (Singapore)

正确资讯请上网查核, 以免谬误:
www.keppelcareers.com/job.asp
          Vietnamesische Flüchtlinge in Oberbayern: "Wo Blumen, wo Sommer?"   
Ende der Siebzigerjahre nahm Deutschland Zehntausende "Boatpeople" auf. Peter Brügge über vietnamesische Flüchtlinge in Oberbayern - eine preisgekrönte SPIEGEL-Reportage aus dem Jahr 1980, wiederentdeckt zum 70. SPIEGEL-Geburtstag.
          Broth mix For Vietnamese Noodle Soup Pho Lobo, (2pks)   
Broth Mix (Beef Flavor) for Vietnamese Noodle Soup, Pho from Lobo. Net weight 1.76 oz(per bag). Ingredients: Salt, Sugar, Maltodextrin, MSG, Spices, Soy Sauce powder, Natural Flavor, Onion Powder, Silicon Dioxide, Soybean Oil, Garlic powder, Kaffir lime leaves powder, Disdium inosinate, Licorice Extract, Artificial Beef Flavor. Product of Thailand.
          Lao Morning News For June 30   

Laos Seizes Cache of Illegal Logs Owned by Governor’s Wife: Official State inspection authorities in Laos have seized more than two dozen trucks after they were found to be hauling timber illegally logged by the wife of the governor of Attapeu province for sale across the border in Vietnam, according to an official source. — […]

The post Lao Morning News For June 30 appeared first on AEC News Today.


          Vietnam Morning News For June 30   

GDP bounces back in Q2 Vietnam’s economy bounced back in the second quarter of the year, posting growth of 6.17 per cent, according to official figures from the General Statistics Office (GSO) and driven by gains in the industrial and services sectors, though mining dragged growth down slightly. – Vietnam EconomicTimes Vietnamese consumers among most […]

The post Vietnam Morning News For June 30 appeared first on AEC News Today.


          Brewers to honor 25 military veterans at July 4th game at Miller Park   
MILWAUKEE — The Milwaukee Brewers will honor 25 veterans of World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War on July 4th at Miller Park. The event is in conjunction with the Stars and Stripes Honor Flight organization. The veterans will be guests on the field for batting practice. And, Brewers players will present their jerseys to the vets before the game against the Baltimore Orioles. Ten of the 25 are veterans of World War II, 10 are Korean […]
          Ladurée, sức quyến rũ của bánh macaron Pháp   

Tiệm bánh, phòng trà Ladurée trên đại lộ Champs-Elysées. RFI / Tiếng Việt
Những chiếc bánh macaron rực rỡ mầu sắc là bí quyết nổi tiếng của Maison Ladurée. Còn những phòng trà khẳng định phong cách và bản sắc của nhà sản xuất bánh ra đời năm 1862.
Mở cửa vào năm 1871, Ladurée Paris Royale (số nhà 16) là tiệm bánh và phòng trà đầu tiên của nghệ nhân. Nổi bật với mầu sơn ngọc bên ngoài, phòng trà vẫn giữ nguyên nghệ thuật sống tinh tế từ thế kỷ XIX, từ những chiếc ghế nhung, đồ nội thất nhập ngoại đến những vật trang trí bằng pha lê được chế tác tinh xảo và những bộ đĩa, cốc chén được vẽ hoa rực rỡ. http://telechargement.rfi.fr/rfi/vietnamien/audio/modules/actu/201706/Tap_chi_Nguoi_Phap-Nuoc_Phap_Macaron_Laduree.mp3 Paris được quy hoạch lại hoàn toàn, chỉnh trang hơn và hiện đại hơn, từ 1852 đến 1870, nhờ hoàng đế Napoléon III và tỉnh trưởng Paris Georges Eugène Haussmann. Chỉ trong hai thập niên của Đế chế thứ hai, nước Pháp nói chung và Paris nói riêng chuyển mình nhanh hơn bất kỳ giai đoạn nào khác trong lịch sử Pháp, nhờ mở cửa cho công nghiệp, phát triển cơ sở hạ tầng và bắt đầu quá trình khám phá, khai thác thuộc địa. Giới quý tộc Paris có nhu cầu được ra ngoài vui chơi giải trí, đặc biệt là các quý bà thường không có nơi để nhóm họp, theo giải thích của bà Safia Thomass, giám đốc truyền thông của Ladurée, trong một phóng sự của đài France 2 : “Những phụ nữ này rất rảnh rỗi vì họ không phải làm việc. Họ có rất nhiều thời gian và thường tiếp đón bạn bè tại nhà. Bà Jeanne Souchard, vợ của Louis-Ernest Ladurée, đã nảy ra ý tưởng mở một trong những phòng trà đầu tiên tại Paris. Phòng trà này hiện vẫn giữ nguyên vẹn phong cách từ khi mới mở vì Ladurée có một lượng khách quen thường đến thưởng thức bánh và chiêm ngưỡng cách bài trí và nội thất. Vì vậy, không được thay đổi điều này vì đây chính là linh hồn và là lịch sử của Nhà Ladurée”.
Bánh macaron của Maison Ladurée, Champs-Elysées.RFI / Tiếng Việt
Macaron Ladurée, Louis Vuitton của bánh ngọt Tập đoàn Holder (sáng lập thương hiệu bánh mỳ-bánh ngọt Paul) mua lại Nhà Ladurée năm 1993 và quyết định biến những chiếc macaron tròn xinh xắn thành sản phẩm hạng sang với chiến lược marketing được cân nhắc kỹ. Tháng 09/1997, Ladurée mở một phòng trà theo đúng phong cách cổ với kiến trúc trang nhã trên đại lộ Champs-Elysées hoa lệ. Du khách từ khắp nơi trên thế giới, đặc biệt là những cô gái trẻ Nhật Bản, luôn muốn được nhâm nhi tách trà với chiếc bánh “kawaii” (macaron) vị hoa hồng và sống một khoảnh khắc quyền quý, thơ mộng như trong điện Petit Trianon (Versailles) trong bộ phim Marie-Antoinette (của đạo diễn Sofia Coppola, 2006). Nhưng vào thời Marie-Antoinette, bánh macaron còn chưa ra đời. Sau này, macaron chỉ là một loại bánh quy khô. Chính Pierre Desfontaines, em họ của Louis-Ernest Ladurée, là người đưa ra ý tưởng thay đổi bánh macaron vào khoảng năm 1930. Bà Safia Thomass kể tiếp: “Ông nảy ra ý tưởng ghép hai đĩa bánh trứng meringue hạnh nhân, kẹp ở giữa một lớp ganache mát ngọt. Từ đó, loại bánh macaron Paris được hình thành và xuất phát từ Nhà Ladurée. Đây là điều không thể chối cãi được !” Vào thời kỳ đó, macaron chỉ có những hương vị cơ bản như hạnh nhân, sô cô la hoặc cà phê. Chỉ từ năm 1993, khi được tập đoàn Holder mua lại, bánh macaron Ladurée có thêm nhiều hương vị mới, mà gần đây là vị trà xanh để phục vụ khách hàng người Nhật. Ngay cả tổng giám đốc Maison Ladurée, David Holder, khi trả lời RFI, cũng tỏ ra ngạc nhiên khi thấy chiếc bánh macaron được cho là rất đặc trưng Paris, chỉ trong vòng vài năm bỗng xuất hiện trong các tiệm bánh ở Pháp hay nhiều nơi trên thế giới. “Hiếm thấy một tiệm bánh nào trên thế giới mà họ không làm bánh macaron. Chiếc bánh trở thành sản phẩm mang phong cách Pháp, như bánh croissant, bánh ngọt Saint-Honoré, bánh religieuse hay bánh éclair. Chúng tôi có may mắn làm một nghề mà sức sáng tạo không bị giới hạn. Hương vị có thể thay đổi theo mùa, theo cảm hứng đến vô tận. Mỗi ngày có thể tạo ra được điều gì đó mới mẻ. Trong thế giới làm bánh ngọt, macaron là sản phẩm độc nhất”.
Bánh macaron.Ⓒ Hamy's cake
Trong vòng 20 năm (đến năm 2014), doanh thu của Maison Ladurée tăng từ 2 triệu lên đến 126 triệu euro với hơn 17 triệu bánh được tiêu thụ hàng năm. Mỗi chiếc bánh bán ra được Ladurée chăm sóc như một món trang sức quý. Từng chiếc bánh xốp giòn được đặt cẩn thận trên lớp giấy mỏng trong những chiếc hộp xinh như hộp nữ trang, thắt thêm một chiếc ruy-băng và cuối cùng được đặt trong những chiếc túi xách mầu xanh ngọc như mầu sơn cửa hàng. Tại xưởng sản xuất ở Morangis (ngoại ô Paris), nơi cung cấp hơn 32.000 chiếc bánh mỗi ngày cho 7 tiệm bánh, tất cả đều được làm bằng tay, trừ giai đoạn bắt bột thành các hình tròn được dùng máy. Một trong các bí quyết tạo nên những chiếc bánh macaron là tỉ lệ đường xay và bột hạnh nhân, cũng như nhiệt độ trong phòng lạnh mà Nhà Ladurée luôn giữ kín, theo giải thích của ông Bertrand, giám đốc sản xuất : “Những chiếc macaron sẽ được giữ trong phòng lạnh suốt một đêm. Nhiệt độ được kiểm tra cẩn thận để vỏ bánh mềm hơn và để nhân bánh có thể ngấm vào hai đĩa bánh, vì khi nướng xong, đĩa bánh rất cứng. Điều kỳ diệu sẽ xảy ra trong đêm giữa nhân bánh và bột bánh. Và đây cũng là một bí mật nhỏ của Ladurée”. Chị Hà Thu Hằng, một người thợ làm bánh ngọt gốc Việt ở ngoại ô Paris, chia sẻ kinh nghiệm làm macaron : “Ở bánh macaron, khó nhất là làm phần vỏ. Vỏ bánh đạt chuẩn phải lên được chân bánh cao. Phần vỏ bánh, ngoài phải giòn và phần phía trong phải xốp, tức là phải có nhiều lỗ khí ở trong, nên khi kẹp nhân vào thì độ ẩm của nhân mới ngấm được vào vỏ bánh, lúc ăn mới tạo được độ mềm của bánh. Phần vỏ, khó nhất còn là nhiệt độ thời tiết và chỉnh lò nướng cũng rất khó vì nhiệt độ nướng thường thấp và thời gian nướng ngắn. Chỉ cần quá lửa một chút là bánh sẽ nứt. Hoặc khi mình trộn bột hơi quá tay một tí thì bột chỉ cần bị lỏng một chút thôi là bánh sẽ phẳng và không lên chân được”.
Bánh macaron.Ⓒ Hamy's cake
Macaron, món quà nhỏ sau tiệc cưới Macaron là một món quà tinh tế, phù hợp với mọi người vào dịp lễ Noel và Năm Mới. Chị Hà Thu Hằng cho biết mốt bây giờ là ở các lễ cưới, họ cũng tạo tháp macaron rất cao, đẹp, nhiều mầu phù hợp với tông mầu của đám cưới. Khánh mời thường được tặng thêm một túi bánh macaron nhỏ làm quà mang về sau buổi lễ. “Bánh macaron khi ăn được cho là ngon, thường là khi ăn, cắn trong miệng, phía ngoài vỏ bánh người ta thấy giòn, còn phần phía trong của bánh lại mềm và xốp. Và lúc ăn trong miệng, bánh tan ở trong miệng. Phần nhân bánh phải có độ ẩm để ngấm ra phần vỏ, làm cho phần bánh ở phía trong rất mềm, ăn rất xốp và tan. Về phần gu, họ hay kết hợp giữa sô cô la và trái cây có vị hơi chua chua. Vì phần vỏ bánh ngọt, khi kết hợp với trái cây chua thì sẽ làm giảm độ ngọt của phần vỏ nên bánh sẽ thanh hơn. Hoặc có loại bánh được kẹp nhân mứt trái cây cũng là giảm độ ngọt của vỏ bánh. Có một số loại bánh mang tính chất đậm, tức là chỉ có sô cô la thôi. Thường họ làm nhân giữa sô cô la và kem tươi đánh lên để cho phần nhân thật sự mang đậm chất sô cô la, thì lúc đó họ chọn loại sô cô la có tỉ lệ ca cao cao, vị đắng của sô cô la cũng làm giảm bớt độ ngọt của bánh nên khi ăn sẽ thấy hài hòa giữa nhân và vỏ hơn. Với macaron, có rất nhiều vị họ có thể kết hợp tất cả mọi thứ với nhau”. Nhâm nhi một chiếc bánh macaron với tách trà, một ly cà phê hay một tách sô cô la nóng vào lúc 3-4 giờ chiều trong một phòng trà là điều nên thử tại kinh đô Ánh Sáng để một lần được “sống như người Paris”. RFI

          War hero honored in Chicago finally gets his due in his hometown   
Milton Lee Olive was the first African-American to be awarded the Medal of Honor during the Vietnam War.
          Every Errol Morris Documentary Ranked, From ‘Gates of Heaven’ to ‘The B-Side’ (Photos)   

The master of absurd and idiosyncratic documentaries, Errol Morris said of his first film that, “to love the absurdity of people is not to ridicule them but to embrace on some level how desperate life is for each and every one of us.” All 11 of his documentaries ranked here, including his latest “The B-Side” out today, are challenging and hilarious films that have shaped fiction and non-fiction movies alike.

11. “The Unknown Known” (2013)

With “The Unknown Known,” Morris goes down the same rabbit hole as in “The Fog of War,” but he has to contend with Donald Rumsfeld’s elliptical, oxymoronic reasoning as he tries to justify going into Afghanistan hunting for WMDs that were never there.

10. “Fast, Cheap and Out of Control” (1997)

What do a lion tamer, a hedge trimmer, a robotics engineer and a mole rat researcher have in common? Good question. “Fast, Cheap and Out of Control” is Morris’s strangest mishmash of a surreal, visual essay. Yet he finds a way to make it coherent and profound.

9. “The B-Side: Elsa Dorfman Portrait Photography” (2017)

Morris’s latest film is a pleasant portrait of a photographer known for taking giant, life size Polaroids, but it still contains heavy themes on mortality and impermanence. As a personal friend, Morris doesn’t shoot this film with his signature “Interrotron” and finds he can relate to Elsa Dorfman’s philosophies on truth in art.

8. “Vernon, Florida” (1981)

Similar in vein to “Gates of Heaven” but less bizarre, Morris sets up shop in a rural town in the South and finds the most peculiar local color. Whether it’s turkey hunters or a man who raises wild livestock, you have to wonder if Morris is asking sincere questions or just gawking.

7. “A Brief History of Time” (1991)

Only Errol Morris would illustrate the complexity of Stephen Hawking’s theories on the universe by showing a chicken materializing in space. Morris doesn’t dumb down Hawking’s math and science but expresses astonishment, and he likewise uses the opportunity to dive into Hawking’s unique personal history.

6. “Standard Operating Procedure” (2008)

Morris exposed the horrors of abuse and torture at Abu Ghraib, but he’s fascinated by the surreal psychology of the prison guards and soldiers that caused everyone to keep their mouths shut for so long.

5. “Mr. Death: The Rise and Fall of Fred A. Leuchter, Jr.” (1999)

Fred Leuchter has to be Morris’s most controversial interview subject. He became notorious as an expert on perfecting execution machines. But just as we start to admire and respect the guy’s principles and attention to detail, he’s called in to testify on behalf of a Holocaust denier, casting everything about his expertise into doubt.

4. “Tabloid” (2010)

Possibly Morris’s most sensationalized film and easily his most fun, “Tabloid” tells the story of the bubbly Joyce McKinney and the “Manacled Mormon” that in the ’70s became the stuff of gossip rag lore. Their accounts don’t even begin to add up, but listening to them is such a joy.

3. “Gates of Heaven” (1978)

Is Errol Morris making fun of these people who run two Northern California pet cemeteries? Almost certainly. How could you not laugh at the hilariously morbid anecdote of a cat caught in the dryer or the old woman with silver hair cackling at her little dog? “Gates of Heaven” took “cinema verite” norms and chucked them out the window, finding absurd reality in the oddest of places.

2. “The Fog of War: Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S. McNamara” (2003)

Morris won his Oscar for “The Fog of War,” which probed the policy choices and picked the brain of the Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara during the Vietnam War. What makes it unique is it takes great pains to see the world through McNamara’s eyes, even reflecting on a fascinating analogy about how a carton of eggs led to the proliferation of seat belts.

1. “The Thin Blue Line” (1988)

“The Thin Blue Line” is the magnum opus of all true crime films and stories, be it “Making a Murderer” or “Serial.” Morris set the table for the genre and redefined how we approach truth in storytelling, challenging an unwritten rule about filming re-imagined scenes in a documentary. It’s not just a captivating portrait of the justice system, but it also helped exonerate an innocent man.

Related stories from TheWrap:

Errol Morris on Trump: 'Does He Even Know That He's Lying?'

Errol Morris Week on Grantland Scores With 6 New Short Films About Wacky Sports Stories

Errol Morris, Werner Herzog Talk 'The Act of Killing' in Latest BitTorrent Bundle

That Time Donald Trump Gave Charles Foster Kane Advice: 'Get Yourself a Different Woman' (Video)


          Top 10 home tips from around the world   
Top 10 home tips from around the world

We often forget how modern air travel has transformed our lives. We think nothing of jetting off to far flung destinations for a week or two, locations our forefathers would only have dreamed of visiting.

It gives us an opportunity to absorb the culture and customs of these countries, including the food, fashion, art, architecture and the interior style of a destination. Often we are inspired to incorporate some of these elements into our homes. It could be locally produced homewares, handmade furnishings, artisanal furniture or a print by a roadside artist - keepsakes of an exotic getaway or maybe more?

With this in mind here are home style ideas and inspiration from the top 10 holiday locations Aussies can’t get enough of.

1. India for ornate accessories

With such a diverse array of cultures and religions across this vast country no surprise that Indian interior design is among the most exotic and complex styles out there. Colour is central to every aspect of Indian culture, and is a feature that strikes all first time visitors . India is also justly renowned for its beautiful handicrafts, fabrics, ornate architecture and homewares.

Style tip: Indian handicrafts and decorative artifacts are a cost effective option to add colour and visual interest to any room in your home. Use a few select vibrant pieces to accessorise and offset a more muted overall tone for a room, as in this take on a traditional bedroom.

India for ornate accessories

2. Hawaii for island style

Hawaii islands are a natural paradise with an abundance of rainforest, stunning beaches and volcanoes - which is why it became the ultimate tropical destination. The style and design of Hawaiian homes reflect this with a lifestyle that is intimately connected with these elements. Surf and beach culture are also synonymous with Hawaii, and both have influenced fashion and interior design far beyond these Pacific islands.

Style tip: To bring a little of the aloha island style and spirit into your home incorporate lush tropical plants, bamboo - or even better install an outdoor shower to transport you to a Hawaiian beach hut.

 

Hawaii for island style
 

3. Japan for organic minimalism

The land of the rising sun has had a huge influence on interior design in the West, with a simplicity that is at once modest yet effortlessly elegant. Their interior design aesthetic has been refined over thousands years and has been heavily influenced by Buddhist/Shinto culture and the natural world. I am going to call it organic minimalism. Timber and other natural materials are an important element of traditional Japanese homes, evident in the use of tatami mats and timber framed shoji screens.
Style tip: Add a timber freestanding timber bathtub to turn your bathroom into a serene traditional Japanese onsen or spa experience and soak your troubles away in Zen-like solitude. Or head to your nearest Muji outlet for a budget take on many elements of Japanese interior design.

Japan minimalism

4. Hong Kong for space conscious storage

Living spaces is at a premium in the compressed environs of this ex-British colonial outpost. That means most Hong Kong residents live in compact apartments where space is precious.  They need to be clever with the limited space they have to work with, so ideas around smart storage abound. Think using every square inch of your apartment, such as under bed storage, storage friendly furniture, behind the door storage and clever storage solutions for their tiny, postage stamp sized kitchens.

Style tip: If you have a compact kitchen look to utilise corners to maximise the area to its fullest. Clever corner cabinet drawers turn once redundant space into useful storage for items like cutlery or even pots.


Hong Kong for space conscious storage

5. New York for loft living

Converting old warehouses, factories and industrial spaces in New York became popular at the height of the counterculture movement in the 1960s, when artists turned these spaces into studios and a place to crash. They are defined by high ceilings and large windows, so usually have oodles of natural light. Another design marker are exposed beams and structural elements including pipework, lighting and ducting.

Style tip: Look to expose any brickwork in your home and contrast it with more modern design elements including Scandi furniture, outsize artworks and greenery in the form of leafy plants in large pots.

New York loft living

6. British for eclectic eccentricity


You would be hard pressed to find a Brit who leaves for work with a bowler hat, but that is not to say that tradition is on the wane there. For interiors the modern British home is an eclectic mix of influences, that borrows as much from their former colonies as it does reference a rich classical history. All these result in a style that is uniquely British, with nods to eclectic eccentricity, the countryside and a tradition of solid craftsmanship.

Style tip: Juxtapose solid, crafted classically inspired furniture with items from your travels, like a kilim from India, mask from Africa or intricate carving from Asia.


British for eclectic eccentricity
 

7. Thai for handcrafted furniture

Thailand is only surpassed by Bali as a favoured holiday getaway for Aussies, and it is not difficult to see why. Friendly locals, great food, even better beaches - and don’t forget to add great shopping to your list. That list extends to an interior aesthetic that is serene, tranquil and comfortable without being too formal. There is also a strong organic theme running through traditional Thai homes, with a lot of handcrafted timber items juxtaposed with opulent fabrics and gold themed religious objects.

Style tip: For affordable and practical outdoor furniture look no further than rattan. This not only looks handcrafted, but is lightweight and will give any outdoor entertaining area a subtle Asian theme.


Thai for handcrafted furniture

8. Vietnam for colour

Vietnam’s rich and unique history, combined with rapid recent modernisation has made this Southeast Asian country an intriguing melting pot of influences. There are obvious Chinese and French cultural elements in the food, dress and architecture which make for a unique melange that draws increasing numbers of Aussies. Its night markets are a cacophony of noise, colour and the aroma of the country’s distinctive cuisine - which make them a highlight of any visit there. They can also be a great source of inspiration for your next home decor project.

Style tip: Use lanterns to decorate your outdoor entertainment area to recreate a Vietnamese night market. This can be for a special occasion or make it a permanent feature to wow friends, family and house guests.

Vietnam for colour

9. New Zealand for rustic charm

New Zealanders fell in love with the Californian bungalow which has come to symbolise a rustic simplicity at odds with all the McMansions and bland apartments that dominate so many of our cities today. Think corrugated roofing, a picket fence, plasterboard and a verandah for watching the world go by. What is there not to like?

Style tip: Short of extending your patio into a verandah and buying a rocking chair, you could also put up a picket fence. Just make sure you paint it white.

New Zealand for rustic charm

10. Bali for beach style

Bali is the most visited international destination by Aussies, tempting us back with a mixture of exotic landscapes, catered villas, beaches and an active nightlife. No surprise that when we come home we want to recreate the harmonious feeling of our Balinese escape. Look to use natural materials if you want to incorporate Balinese beach style in your home, like natural timber, cane and bamboo.
Style tip: Build a thatched gazebo where you can lounge until your next holiday to Bali. And if you live in Queensland count yourself lucky, you can use it all year round.

Bali for beach style


          Ob prehodu iz 2013 v 2014   
Spoštovane, spoštovani!

Iskrena hvala za vse priložnosti, ki smo jih uspeli skupaj nagovoriti, razviti in uspešno udejanjiti v letu 2013.


Iskrena hvala za pripravljenost skupnega odkrivanja novega, neznanega in drugačnega.


Tudi zaradi vas je Vibacom segel v roke še enemu izjemnemu, inovativnemu, produktivnemu in uspešnemu letu:


-    predstavitev primerov naših dobrih praks in poslovnih modelov (BTC, InCo gibanje, Challenge Future, Srce Slovenije, evolucijski modeli, modeli za množično inoviranje, inovacijsko komuniciranje, inovacijsko infrastrukturo, celostno odločanje, metodologije za trajnostni razvoj) v sedmih (7) državah: Avstrija, Nizozemska, Vietnam, Tajvan, Črna gora, Brazilija, Litva;
-    soustvarjanje prebojnih razvojnih projektov z: BTC d.d., TPV d.d., Nuklearna elektrarna Krško d.o.o., RRA Notranjsko-kraške regije, d.o.o. na osnovi sistematičnega, celoletnega sodelovanja
-    8 manjših kratkotrajnejših projektov, 20 delavnic, 24 predavanj
-    strokovni predmeti na Fakulteti MCI (Salzburg), Fakulteti DOBA (Maribor) in Fakulteti za dizajn (Ljubljana), gostujoče predavanje na University of Applied Science Upper Austria;
-    soorganizacija svetovne konference sistemske znanosti Vietnam 2013 (The 57th World Conference of the International Society for the Systems Sciences)
-    izid knjige “The magic of contribution” www.themagicofcontribution.si in njen uraden vstop v mednarodni prostor julija 2013 v Vietnamu;
-    celoletna polna podpora InCo gibanju pri razvoju vsebin,
organizaciji dogodkov in komuniciranu njegovih izjemnih rezultatov: 7 dogodkov,  24 (zaznanih) medijskih objav o InCo gibanju, 16 srečanj, 212 udeležencev www.incogibanje.si 


Slika: utrinki Vibacoma 2013

-    mednarodne publikacije:
• Bulc, V. (2013, julij) Connecting Evolution and Involution to Create a Positive Foundation for an Eco-Civilization. Tajvan: International Conference on Social Environmental Education for an Emerging Eco-Civilization (angl)
• Bulc, V., & Wilmshurst., J. (2013) Education for emerging societies. Vietnam: Mednarodna konferenca sistemske znanosti in sistemskega razmišljanja (angl)
• Bulc, V., & Kovačič, V. (2013, junij) Intuitivno odločanje - korak k sistemskemu razmišljanju in celostnemu inoviranu. Revija HRM, letnik II, (53) (slo)
• Bulc, V. (2013, 24. -26. junij) Mass participation in innovation – the foundation of a modern organization and beyond. Hag: ICE & IEEE-ITMC konferenca 2013 (angl)
• Rangus, K. & Drnovšek, M. (2013). Open innovation in Slovenia: A comparative analysis of different firm sizes. Economic and Business Review, 15(3), 175–196. (angl)
•Rangus, K. & Drnovšek, M. (2013). Proclivity for Open Innovation: Construct Conceptualization and Empirical Validation. V: Academy of management Proceedings 2013, 11.-13. Avgust 2013 Lake Buena Vista (Orlando), Florida. (angl)
-    21 (zaznanih) medijskih objav o podjetju Vibacom
-    28.700 zadetkov na spletu na besedo vibacom in 7.800 zadetkov na besedo inco gibanje (ter 2.140 zadetkov na besedo incomovement)

                                 HVALA leto 2013


In že je tu leto 2014. Leto iskrenih povezovanj in videnja dobrega v drugih. Naj vas navdahne in napolni z energijo svetlobe, ki vedno znova prebije temo in v nas prebuja najžlahtnejše dimenzije.

Morda vas poveže ponovno tudi z nami v mrežo ustvarjalnega zanosa, ki v prostoru oblikuje novo vrednost in krepi nasmeh.  Lepo je sobivati z vami, čutiti vašo prisotnost, vaše navdihe in se učiti od vaših dejanj; lepo je prepletati in manifestirati z vami vse kar čutimo, vidimo, vemo, v konkretne rezultate, ki odgovarjajo na konkretne izzive.


“Črta se umika krogu, planiranje modeliranju, oddelki miselnim ustrojem, vrednostne verige prepletenim vrednostnim mrežam; človek prepoznava višji smisel življenja in z ljubeznijo sprejema raznolikost, lepoto,  naravne ritme, samega sebe.”


Na krilih modrosti, globine in radosti bomo leto zaužili z vsako celico naše biti. Naj bo dober partner tudi vam!


                               DOBRODOŠLO LETO 2014!


Vibacom tim



Kako lahko sodelujemo 
Kje se lahko srečamo
 Naši partnerji priporočajo

Zanimive povezave

              Priložnosti inovativne EU - sporočila iz Litve 2013   
    Globalno gibanje in spirala sistemskega razmišljanja se vrti naprej: Slovenija, Portugalska, Avstrija, Črna gora, Nizozemska, Vietnam, Tajvan, Brazilija in na koncu še Litva. Zanimivo je biti spet dejaven pri razpravah o EU prihodnosti. Še posebej, ko je človek že vse leto izpostavljen različnim globalnim pogledom (na svetovnih konferencah, sestankih in projektih). Je mogoče zaznati kakšne razlike? Je. EU je povsem ujeta v administrativno razmišljanje z vrha navzdol. To je toliko bolj vidno, ko med vsemi poskušamo najti zmagoviti pristop na področju inovacije.

    Srečanje v Vilniusu je v meni potrdilo občutek, da še vedno verjamemo in smo ujeti v prepričanje, da je mogoče dvig inovacijske kulture v EU doseči samo od zgoraj navzdol; inovacijo je na podlagi tega prepričanja mogoče izpeljati samo preko v naprej opredeljenih pravil od zgoraj navzdol, čeprav pragmatične izkušnje dokazujejo, da se morajo, če naj bi res dosegli trajnejše rešitve, potrebe z vrha nujno srečati s potrebami od dna. Cvetoči projekti dokazujejo, da moramo stremeti po učinkovitem prepletu obeh pristopov, ki temelji na dodobro premišljeni filozofiji mreženja. Še vedno vsa svoja pričakovanja polagamo v raziskave in razvoj (R&R) ter patente s tega področja, čeprav je jasno, da inovacije pomenijo precej več: tudi odkrivanje, medstrukturno sodelovanje (kulturno, industrijsko, panožno, regionalno, in tako dalje), nepredvidljivost, še posebej na področju manjših in srednje velikih podjetij (MSP), za katera se zdi, da veliko obetajo pri obnovi EU ekonomije. Navkljub temu poskušamo MSP stlačiti v miselni okvir velikih korporacij – namreč, z jasnim sporočilom, da bo EU podprla samo tista MSP, ki sodelujejo z R&R inštitucijami. Hkrati pa na ravni neposrednega dogajanja vidimo, da se vedno več inovacij poraja v odprtih inovativnih krogih. Vedno več MSP se odpoveduje patentom in raje deskajo po valovih  „biti prvi na trgu“. Temu v veliki meri botrujejo hitrost sprememb, pojavljanje priložnosti in pomanjkanje sredstev za patente. To je zaznala celo administracija. Poglejmo si ključna sporočila.

    Slika: Plakat konference 2013
    Vir: Vibacom

    I. Horizon 2020 program se je začel decembra 2013!

    Slovenija, si pripravljena? Program je nadaljevanje prejšnjih programov za področje inovacij. Vsi, ki niso sledili indicem v preteklosti, bodo obtičali globoko v blatu bank glavne reke. Ukrepati moramo! Poglejte, kaj prihaja!

    Novi program EU za raziskovanje in inovacije za obdobje med 2014 – 2020 razpolaga z 79 milijardami Eurov za inovacijski preboj. EU se z njegovo pomočjo poskuša izogniti nekaterim oviram iz preteklosti, namreč tako, da

    •    se neposredno odziva na ekonomsko stanje;
    •    z integriranim programom povezuje inovacije in razvoj;
    •    nagovarja osnovne teme (čista energija, zdravstvo, transport);
    •    se močno posveča MSP (20%!);
    •    se odpira v svet (sodelovanje z drugimi celinami je dobrodošlo);
    •    vpeljuje veliko poenostavljanja (sistemov, zaupanja, manj poročil).

    Neposredno naslavlja 3 glavna področja:
    •    ODLIČNOST v ZNANOSTI (meje, novi pojavi, delovne priložnosti, infrastruktura) – za individualne raziskovalce.
    •    USMERJANJE INDUSTRIJE (nanotehnologoije, biotehnologije, IKT /informacije, komunikacija, tehnologija/ – namenjene industriji).
    •    DRUŽBENI IZZIVI  - skupnosti, temeljni družbeni izzivi.

    Program se bo prvenstveno osredotočil na:
    •    MSP: projekti sodelovanja, novi MSP instrumenti, poenostavljanje, skupni Eurostar programi, ukrepi, ki podpirajo inovacije v MSP.
    •    Internacionalizacija, vzpodbude za sodelovanje zunaj EU – z Indijo, Brazilijo, Kitajsko, Norveško, Švico.
    •    INDUSTRIJA: inovativne pobude v medicini, čisto nebo (Clean Sky), pogonske vodikove celice, bio-osnovane industrije, elektronske komponente in sistemi.
    •    DRUŽBENI IZZIVI: meteorološke raziskave, Eurostar, dejavno življenje in življenje ob pomoči.

    Zahtevali bodo naslednje poenostavitve:
    •    en sam sklop pravil;
    •    krajši čas za podeljevanje odobritev in dovoljenj;
    •    manjše število, toda bolje usmerjeno nadzorovanje in pregledovanje računov;
    •    povezano izvrševanje;
    •    poenostavitev pogodb za subvencije.
    Nekaj pomembnih povezav na razpise Horizon 2020, ki so bili že objavljeni pred nekaj dnevi.
    Industrial Leadership Horizon 2020 dedicated SME Instrument - Phase 2 2015
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 16/12/2015

    Industrial Leadership Horizon 2020 dedicated SME Instrument - Phase 1 2015
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 16/12/2015

    Industrial Leadership Horizon 2020 dedicated SME Instrument - Phase 1 2014
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 17/12/2014

    Industrial Leadership Horizon 2020 dedicated SME Instrument - Phase 2 2014
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 17/12/2014

    Industrial Leadership Enhancing SME innovation capacity by providing better innovation support
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 12/03/2014

    Industrial Leadership European label for innovation voucher
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 02/04/2014

    Societal Challenges New forms of innovation
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 21/04/2015

    Societal Challenges NEW FORMS OF INNOVATION
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 31/03/2015

    Societal Challenges NEW FORMS OF INNOVATION
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 29/04/2014

    Science with and for Society Call for integrating Society in Science and Innovation
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 16/09/2015

    Science with and for Society Call for integrating Society in Science and Innovation
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 02/10/2014

    FET-Proactive - emerging themes and communities
    Publication date 2013-12-11  
    Deadline Date 2014-04-01 17:00:00 (Brussels local time)
    Budget €35,000,000

    Industrial Leadership Boosting the Investment-Readiness of SMEs and Small Midcaps
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 15/04/2014

    Excellent Science Support to innovation, human resources, policy and international cooperation
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 14/01/2015

    Excellent Science Support to innovation, human resources, policy and international cooperation
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 02/09/2014

    Excellent Science Support to innovation, human resources, policy and international cooperation
    Pub.Date: 11/12/2013 Deadline: 14/05/2014

    Slika: Inovativne vizije držav Baltika
    Vir: organizator konference

    II. Regionalni razvoj je pomemben, treba ga je scela podpreti

    Videli smo veliko dobrih, čeprav nekaj tudi ne tako dobrih predstavitev o tem, kako bi bilo mogoče doseči in ovrednotiti regionalni razvoj, vključno z inovacijami. Dejstvo je, da bodo inovacije postale pomemben dejavnik pri regionalnem razvoju. Skrbi me, da tisti, ki so zadolženi za mehanizme vrednotenja (vodilni partnerji), sami nikoli niso bili vključeni niti nimajo izkušenj z regionalnim razvojem inovacij. Pri ovrednotenju regionalne inovacijske ravni poskušajo uporabiti stare industrijske inovacijske modele, ki vključujejo patente, delovna mesta in industrijske statistične modele. Popolnoma absurdno in nikakor ne ustrezno. Upam, da so pripombe in pogledi, ki so jih ljudje iz neposredne prakse posredovali tistim, ki odločajo, ponudili dovolj snovi za razmišljanje, da bodo začutili in dojeli posebnosti in možnosti regionalnega inovacijskega razvoja, in bodo oblikovali stvarnejše in koristnejše predloge.

    Slika: Violeta Bulc in tim Srca Slovenije
    na Innovation Forum 2013
    Vir: organizator konference

    III. IZJAVA VILNIJUŠKEGA FORUMA O INOVACIJAH

    Glavna načela za oblikovanje Evropske inovacijske politike

    Sprejeta na Vilnijuškem inovacijskem forumu „Tok inovacij“ od 4. do 6. decembra 2013

    Udeleženci prvega Vilnujuškega inovacijskega foruma 2013 „Tok inovacij“ so se strinjali in oblikovali naslednjo deklaracijo „Glavna načela za oblikovanje Evropske inovacijske politike“, ki, zapisana spodaj,
    •    poudarja pomen nadaljnjega povečevanja vlaganja držav članic v raziskovanje in inovacije…
    •    poudarja, da morajo članice EU nadaljevati s skupnimi napori pri oblikovanju vzajemnega Evropskega inovacijskega ekosistema, in kot prvo in najpomembnejše ugotavlja, da lahko združene in usklajene Evropske, regionalne in lokalne inovacijske politike in ustrezno R&R financiranje plodno doprinesejo k trajnostnem evropskem razvoju in konkurenčnosti...
    •    poudarja pomen sodelovanja med članicami EU, še posebej pri krepitvi sinergij med različnimi regionalnimi, nacionalnimi in EU področji raziskovalnih in inovacijskih politik...
    •    vzpodbuja uveljavljanje podjetništva, ki ustanavlja inovativna „start-up“ in „spinoff“ podjetja v evropskih državah; prav tako vidi v MSP pomemben dejavnik ekonomske rasti v prihodnosti...
    •    prepoznava nujnost, da se tudi v okviru programa Horizon 2020 nadaljuje s podpiranjem javno-zasebnega partnerstva kot nosilne platforme za vzpodbujanje nadaljnjega sodelovanja...
    •    naglaša, da pobuda „2010 Innovation Union Flagship“ omogoča veliko koristnih (?)...
    •    poudarja, da je treba Horizon 2020 izvesti in razviti kot program, ki si za cilj postavlja globalne družbenorazvojne izzive. Odprte inovacije, inovacijski pristopi, ki jih vodijo povpraševanje in potrebe uporabnikov, vključno z zelenimi in trajnostnimi inovacijami...
    •    poudarja nujnost premostitve vrzeli med razvojem in trgom...
    •    podčrtuje  pomen ustvarjalnosti, ne-tehnoloških inovacij in izboljšanih standardov za industrijsko konkurenčnost, ter poudarja ustvarjanje medsebojnih sinergij med kulturnimi, ustvarjalnimi industrijami in tradicionalnimi industrijami...
    •    poudarja  nujnost uvajanja poenostavitev in zmanjševanja administracijskega bremena pri vseh javnih R&R programih...
    Več: celoten tekst deklaracije


    Slika: Preko 600 udeležencev "Innovation Forum 2013"
    Vir: organizator konference

    Naj ob koncu zapišem še par besed o mojem stiku z Litvo, ali bolje,  z Vilniusom in drugimi udeleženci na konferenci. Kot prvo, mnogi domačini so zelo podobni Slovencem, neverjetna  enakost obrazov me je vzpodbudila, da bom temu posvetila več pozornosti. Drugič, arhitektura v Vilniusu je čista, prostorna in ustvarjalna. Mesto je gostoljubno, odprto, dobro razporejeno. Vsepovsod je videti vpliv oblikovalcev, to ima pozitiven učinek na ljudi. Ljudje, ki razmišljamo o inovacijah, vedno bolj kot drugi razumemo, da moramo razviti svoj lasten, enkraten pristop do inovacij, ki bo vključeval lokalne značilnosti (kulturo, zgodovino, lokalna znanja). Na priložnostni razstavi, s katero so obogatili konferenčno dogajanje, sem videla veliko naprednih in praktičnih rešitev: mobilne, hitre napravice za testiranje kvalitete svežega mesa in rib, napredne zobozdravniške instrumente in opremo za kvalitetno nego zob, električne motorčke za kolesa in električne avtomobile, naprave za skeniranje hrane za ortopedske pripomočke, imenitna orodja za mobilne igre, itd. Hvala Litva, hvala Vilnius!

     

     
    Slika: Vilnius ponoči
    Vir: Vibacom

    Dajmo, vstopimo v leto 2014 z ustvarjalno energijo, ki stremi in zmore delati dobro tako za posameznike in skupnosti kakor za naš skupni veliki planet Zemljo kot celoto. Otresimo se starih vzorcev in si drznimo ustvariti radikalno družbo, ki bo omogočila razcvet človeške vrste in mirno sobivanje s preostalo naravo. To si  zaslužimo!

    Želim vam uspešno 2014, Violeta

    Kako lahko sodelujemo 
    Kje se lahko srečamo
    Zanimive povezave

              BIN@BRAZIL – nova globalna izkušnja   
    Nova dežela. Novo vznemirjenje. Nova presenečenja. Nova prilagoditev globalne slike. Brazilija je ponudila vse to in sprejela sem njene vibracije s hvaležnostjo in radovednostjo. Prinesla pa sem jim naše izkušnje, poglede in primere dobrih praks. Slovenske zgodbe, ki temeljijo na trajnostnem razvoju, družbeni odgovornosti in inovativnosti: zgodbo projekta Challenge:Future, InCo gibanja, BTC poslovnega sistema. Na njihovo povabilo. Čeprav Slovenija ni prisotna v nobenih njihovih gospodarskih statistikah, so pogovori izničili velikost, razdaljo, neznano. Prevladovali so resnični izzivi inovativnosti, gospodarskega razvoja, tehnoloških priložnosti, ovir in odgovornosti. Angažiranje množic in vsesplošnega družbenega razvoja vznemirja mnoge (Čile, Portugalsko, Brazilijo, Slovenijo, Švedsko, Peru, Veliko Britanijo, ipd.). Prevzela so nas ugibanja o novem svetu, novih globalnih premikih, internacionalizaciji. Vesela sem, da se mi je ponudila ta priložnost. Čutim, da to ni moj zadnji obisk.  To je zgodba mojih poslovnih izkušenj. Obrigada Brazil!

    Slika: Violeta Bulc na BIN@BRAZIL 2013
    Vir: Vibacom arhiv

    Ključna spoznanja:
    1. Do sedaj največja raznolikost ljudi na vseh nivojih in okoljih vsakdanjega življenja. Celo do te mere, da mi ni uspelo prepoznati prevladujočega izgleda. Še danes ne vem, kako izgleda človek iz Brazilije, kako ga prepoznati v množici vseh različnih skupin narodov. Seveda to velja za mesta.  Mesta, ki se pospešeno razvijajo kot samostojne celote sredi naravnih prostranstev. Hkrati pa moram izpostaviti prijaznost in ustrežljivost ljudi. Vidi se, da je stopnja brezposelnosti nižja od 5%. To pa ima tudi negativne vplive, saj ljudje veliko krožijo med službami, ne da bi pri tem utrdili in preizkusili nova znanja.

    Slika z ulice; Ribeirão Preto
    Vir: Vibacom arhiv
    2. Brezmejnost podeželja. Stotine kilometrov polj (plantaže sladkornega trsa, pomarančevcev, kavovcev, kakavovcev, ipd.) in gozdov. Ceste so ravne, tu in tam kmetija in bencinska postaja z restavracijo. Mnoge nianse zelene te kar posrkajo vase. Podeželje ima drugačno duhovno dimenzijo. Imam občutek, da nevidne moči Brazilije še niso vključene v njihova poslovna razmišljanja. Poslovni jezik je zelo stvaren, logičen, tehnološki.

    Slika: podeželje na poti iz Ribeirão Preto v São Carlos
    Vir: Vibacom arhiv

    3. Izjemen poudarek je na gospodarskem razvoju. Glavni cilj – preboj na globalne trge in umestitev med najmočnejša gospodarstva na svetu. Vodilna pozicija je velika motivacija, še posebej za zvezdno državo São Paulo, ki je gonilna gospodarska sila v Federativni Republiki Braziliji (lokacija naše konference). To je sicer v nasprotju z njihovo notranjo politiko, ki dovoljuje v večini primerov vstop na brazilski trg le tako, da pri njih razviješ proizvodnjo preko partnerstva z lokalnimi predstavniki. Tovrstna samozadostnost, ki ni enkratna le Braziliji, vzpodbuja razvoj poslovnih modelov, ki ne delujejo v smeri odprtih, vključujočih sistemov in cvetočega Planeta. Upam, da bo Brazilija našla svojo lastno pot razvoja, vzpodbujala nove poslovne modele, ki kapitalizirajo izjemno imigrantsko tradicijo in raznolikost, ki je še vedno podprta z močnim prilivom svežega znanja iz vseh koncev sveta.

    Slika: skupinska slika na zaključku
    Vir: Vibacom arhiv

    4. Pomanjkanje izobraženih ljudi. Primanjkuje jim več kot 40.000 inženirjev vseh profilov. Vidno je pomanjkanje znanja tujih jezikov. Celo v hotelih, kjer se neprestano izmenjujejo tuji gosti, govorijo in razumejo angleško le redki. To prepoznavajo kot izziv internacionalizaciji. Izkušnje portugalskih podjetij, ki so tu množično prisotne, kažejo na številne izzive za razvoj stabilnega, trajnostno-naravnanega poslovanja: visoka stopnja administracije, pomanjkanje znanj, visoka stopnja že omenjene fluktuacije ljudi.  A nasmeh in dobra volja, ki so povsod prisotni omehča tudi tovrstne izzive.
    www.fipase.org.br
    www.apexbrasil.com.br
    www.agcubomagico.com.br
    www.parqtec.com.br
    5. Inovativnost prevladuje v vseh strateških usmeritvah, tako pri razvoju gospodarstva, kot tudi občin in administracije. Kot že omenjeno, prevladuje orientiranost na tehnološke inovacije, še zlasti na področju nafte in zemeljskega plina (država jih zavezuje, da investirajo 1% prihodkov v R&R), medicine, zobozdravstva, farmacije (še posebej tu v Ribeirão Preto), poljedelstva in naprednih tehnologij. Velike količine denarja se preusmerja v vzpodbujanje inovativne miselnosti in podjetništva. Na obisku v enem od razvojnih centrov v São Carlos-u, ki je del Univerzitetnega kompleksa, ki sodi pod okrilje Univerze São Paulo, me je prijetno presenetil podatek, da jih mesto podpira z 5% GDPja. V zameno so lansirali razvojni projekt do 2022, ki bo mestu omogočil 1011 novih podjetij oziroma tehnoloških transferov v obstoječa podjetja. Država in občine zelo veliko vlagajo v razvoj še zlasti skozi podporna okolja. Slednja so podobna našim (inkubatorji, podjetniški centri, razvojne agencije, pospeševalniki). Ključna razlika je v neprestanem pritoku denarja in intenzivni internacionalizaciji. Brazilija je rastoča ekonomija.

    Slika: na kampusu, São Carlos
    Vir: Vibacom arhiv

    6. Brez zavestne verbalizacije trajnostnega razvoja, družbene odgovornosti ali odgovornega inoviranja. V prezentacijah iz lokalnega okolja sem pogrešala prisotnost eko zavesti in povezavo predlaganih rešitev s potrebami strank (B2B ali B2C). Ugotovitev me je zmedla in sem potrebovala kar nekaj časa, da sem jo uspela umestiti v mojo podobo sveta. Še posebej po izkušnji v Vietnamu in Taiwanu, kjer je stopnja sistemskega razmišljanja, trajnostnega razvoja in eko zavesti jasno komunicirana v javnosti na vsakem koraku.  Hkrati pa me je, po moji končani prezentaciji, ki je povezala inovativnost, trajnostni razvoj in družbeno odgovornost, poiskalo mnogo mladih ljudi, ki v sebi že čutijo klic ekocivilizacije in bolj odgovornega razvoja. Mnogo je različnih poti do razvoja cvetočega Planeta. Mnogo različnih poti. Pomembno je, da so.

    Slika: še zadnji pozdrav narave ob zaključku konference
    Vir: Vibacom arhiv
    Upam, da ste začutili del vibracij, ki sem jim bila izpostavljena, jih tudi sama vzpodbudila in vsaj rahlo povezala izkušnje in razmišljanja dveh svetov: Slovenije in Brazilije na temo inovativnosti.

    Naj se vezi krepijo dalje.

    Obrigada BIN@BRAZIL! Osti Jarej, Slovenija



    Priporočamo ogled:

    Kako lahko sodelujemo 
    Kje se lahko srečamo
    Novice

                Kako izjemna jesen!   
      Z vsakim mesecem se nam poglablja razumevanje temeljev našega življenja, naše povezanosti, medsebojne odvisnosti. Vse bolj razumemo, da soustvarjamo konec neke civilizacije; pred očmi se nam rišejo njeni doprinosi k razvoju človekove zavesti, k razvoju planeta Zemlja in pri postavljanju izhodišč, ki bodo v naslednjih tisočletjih napajali nove generacije.

      Na tej točki bi vam lahko govorila o propadajočih zgodbah imperialistične miselnosti, korupciji, obsesiji starih sil z močjo, lastništvom virov, nepremičnin, človeških duš. Lahko bi vam govorila o ignoranci mnogih, še posebej tistih na položajih, v odnosu do novega, svežega, uporabnega, človeškega. Pa ne bom!

      Namesto tega, bom tudi ob tej priložnosti govorila o svetlobi, ki odpira duha. Duha, ki krepi pogum po izvirnosti in manifestaciji lepote, ustvarjalnosti, dobrega. Ki poživlja upanje in vzpodbuja sodelovanje, raznolikost, veselje do življenja. Ki prepozna potenciale globalnega sodelovanja in zna vtkati lokalne enkratnosti v dobro cvetočega Planeta. To je zgodba o jeseni 2013! To so dogodki, ki so jesen in nas vse, ki smo jo soustvarjali, zaznamovali za vedno. Delimo jih z vami v obliku ključnih sporočil: 

      1. Slovenija je ustvarjalni prostor za družbene inovacije, poslovne modele in nove miselne vzorce. Je intuitivno srce Evrope. To je ena naših ključnih sposobnosti. Dovolimo ji, da se s pomočjo čiščenja emocionalnih in duhovnih blokad vsakega posameznika in posameznice, ki deluje v tem našem prostoru, razcveti.

      Dogodka, ki sta v jeseni okrepila poletno izkušnjo iz Nizozemske, Vietnama in Tajvana:
      - po uspešni predstavitvi InCo knjige z naslovom »The Magic of Contribution« (»Čarobnost prispevanja«) v mednarodnem prostoru (na 57. mednarodni konferenci o sistemski znanosti  v Vietnamu) smo se v začetku septembra odločili, da knjigo predstavimo tudi v slovenskem prostoru, in sicer, 3.9.2013 pred gostilno »Druga Violina« (utrinki v fotogaleriji). Dogodek je ozavestil pomembne izkušnje, pristope  in orodja, razvita v zadnjih 7 letih delovanja InCo gibanja; ozavestil je znanja in modrosti, pridobljena na podlagi aktivnega dela na terenu, delavnic, fokusnih skupin, konferenc ter odprtega dialoga z vsemi akterji InCo inovacijskega ekosistema. Na primeru InCo gibanja je v publikaciji prikazana moč povezovanja za doseganje skupnih ciljev, v dobro posameznikov in družbe.

      - »Livestreaming«: intervju na globalnem spletu v živo o nastanku in izkušnjah InCo gibanja preteklih 7 let na portalu vŽivo.si

      Slika: Predstavitev knjige "The Magic of Contribution", Druga Violina
      Vir: Vibacom
      2. Slovenija nosi v sebi energijo povezovanja, ljubezni in zbliževanja ljudi iz vsega sveta. V Sloveniji se ljudje počutimo varne, spoštovane, narava pa nas vedno znova preseneča s svojimi čudesi. Mladi to vedo in se na intuitivnem nivoju vedno znova vračajo v Slovenijo po nasmeh, prijateljske vezi in uvide za prihodnost.

      - Konec septembra (20.9.2013 – 26.9.2013) je na različnih koncih Slovenije (Maribor, Ljubljana, Bled) potekal C:F Summit 2013, katerega namen je združiti mlade iz celega sveta, da skupaj soustvarjajo in rešujejo izzive globalnega delovanja. V letošnjem letu je več kot 35.000 mladih skupaj sooblikovalo 1.389 timov, ki so reševali izzive v treh kategorijah:

      •    »My dream job« (nagrajeni so bili projekti: IGNITE, Good Riddance in Achievement 2022)
      •    »The future of work« (nagrajeni so bili projekti: fYOUture, HOW Consulting Group in spirit)
      •    »Make it work« (nagrajeni so bili projekti: MICHAEL IYANRO CYCLE, Button in winners team)


      C:F Summit se je pričel s C:F Akademijo »Global Jumpstart meets Star:up Maribor« za osebnostni in strokovni razvoj mladih udeležencev ter projektnim delom povezanim z iskanjem rešitev za izbrana slovenska podjetja, katerega namen je bil spoznati izzive in priložnosti realnega poslovnega sveta. Nadaljeval se je z »Out of the Box C:F Youth« – predstavitvijo projektov, ki kreirajo delovna mesta, gospodarsko rast in družbeno blaginjo 21. stoletja. Višek Summita pa je bil C:F Business Forum z naslovom »Big Ideas for boosting Growth and Creating Jobs« katerega namen je bil na enem mestu združiti in vzpostaviti vezi med političnimi vodji, mladimi, podjetniki in inovatorji iz različnih področij ter ugotoviti kaj so glavne notranje moči Slovenije, globalne prednosti in priložnosti za rast. Mladim upom iz celega sveta so se pridružili slovenski poslovneži ter predstavniki slovenskega političnega vrha, ki so skupaj iskali inovativne ideje za preboj slovenskega gospodarstva. C:F Business Forum 2013 je bil zasnovan po načelu t.i. »crowd innovation«, kjer so bili vsi udeleženci aktivno vpeti v dogajanje. Jedro soustvarjanja je bilo vprašanje: »Kaj lahko storim z milijardo evrov za preboj slovenskega gospodarstva«. Najbolj prodorne ideje so bile predstavljene ministru za gospodarstvo, Slavku Stepišniku. V okviru Summita je bil organiziran še »C:F Educators Forum« ter Gala večer, kjer so bili razglašeni zmagovalci C:F izzivov.

      Slika: Business Forum C:F, Ljubljana
      Vir: C:F
      - V začetku oktobra smo s svojim znanjem prispevali na NETFORK Akademiji 2013, katere namen je usposobiti menedžerje za internet; aktivno sodelovali na delavnici za vodje;

      - Sodelovali smo skupaj s Tičom Zupančičem in njegovim notranjim krogom v viharjenju možganov o uporabi »Beyond leadership« metode v slovenskem prostoru;


      - Udeležili smo se otvoritvene slovesnosti 19. Slovenskega festivala znanosti z naslovom »Ustvarjalnost prinaša upanje«.


      - v okviru 6. Dnevov podjetništva 2013 (organiziranih s strani Tehnološkega parka Ljubljana in podjetja Data) smo sooblikovali začetni navdih konference in okroglo o mizo z naslovom »Financiranje podjetniških projektov v 2013 in 2014«. Namen Dnevov podjetništva je druženje, izmenjava informacij in izkušenj, ter seznanitev mladih podjetnikov z aktualnimi viri financiranja, podjetniškimi temami in izzivi.


      3. Slovenija ima sploščeno hierarhijo, kar ji omogoča, da lahko hitro in učinkovito poveže različne strukture in interesne skupine v iskanje skupnega dobrega.

      - Sredi oktobra smo v okviru InCo gibanja v soorganizaciji Združenja Manager že drugo leto zapored organizirali javni posvet, tokrat na temo »Sistemsko razmišljanje – pot do pospešene izvedbe dobrih idej«. Glavni namen posveta je bila pridobitev vpogleda v razumevanje soodvisnosti med inovativnostjo, intuicijo in sistemskim razmišljanjem. V uvodnem delu so bili predstavljeni novi izzivi sodobnega managementa ter InCo koncept kot del svetovnih trendov v sistemskem razmišljanju. Sledila je delavnica preko katere smo spoznali metode za prizemljitev idej: metoda U, intuicijski ključ, Beyond the Leadership in asociacije. V zaključnem delu pa so bile predstavljene smernice razvoja sistemskega razmišljanja ter sistemski pristopi iz prakse. Posvet je bil preko portala vŽivo.si tudi direktno predvajan, posnetek posveta pa je dostopen tej povezavi. Nekaj utrinkov iz dogodka si lahko ogledate v fotogaleriji, posamezne predstavitve govorcev pa so dostopne na InCo spletni strani posveta.
      Slika: 2. Posvet InCo gibanja in Združenja Manager
      Vir:Vibacom
      - 21. oktobra 2013 se je na GZS odvijala prebojna konferenca z naslovom »Kako do energije za uspešno vodenje?« Naše glavno sporočilo na konferenci je bilo, da je srčna energija tista, ki vodi in napaja vse ostale. Da se v prostoru dogaja veliko dobrega in da je čas, da govorimo in sodelujemo s pozitivnimi viri razvoja. Osrednja oseba dogodka je bil doktor fizike in psiholog dr. Yuri Yatsko (intervju z njim si lahko preberete v Sobotni prilogi časopisa Delo).

      - Isti dan v večernih urah smo pomembne izkušnje iz sodelovanja z managerji in strategijami razvoja za korporativna okolja izpostavili na mesečnem klubskem srečanju članov Društva moderatorjev na temo »Moderiranje procesov v podporo oblikovanju strategij«.


      - Pomemben impulz je v slovenskem prostoru sprožila tudi Maria Anselmo s svojo ekipo z dogodkom BisnodeB4B (Bisnode For Business ali Best Four Businesses), katerega namen je bil motivirati poslovno javnost, spodbujati podjetništvo in poleg predstavitve odličnih zgodb omogočiti obiskovalcem mreženje in spoznavanje novih ljudi.


      - Udeležili smo se okoljsko ozaveščenega seminarja »Tvoja pisarna je lahko zelena«: kako ustvariti zeleno pisarno, reciklirati izdelke, delati na daljavo in uporabljati trajnostne pisarniške izdelke.


      4. Slovenija ima globoko v sebi skritega veliko zgodovinskega strahu.
      Najrazličnejši imperialisti so si v preteklosti lastili ozemlje na katerem slovenski narod živi že tisočletja; vedno znova so agresivno uveljavljali svojo voljo, zakone in oblast. Vedno znova smo se v želji po preživetju prilagodili in odmaknili od agresije za katero smo vedeli, da bo slej ko prej propadla. Genetsko se nam prenaša iz generacije v generacijo, vpliva na naše osebne in poslovne odločitve. Od tu verjetno izhaja tudi izjemno kritičen odnos do neuspeha. Pomembno pa je, da smo se tudi s tem negativnim elementom začeli soočati.

      - Konec oktobra smo svoje izkušnje in spoznanja delili na »Fear&Fail« konferenci, ki je v čudovitem vzdušju Antique Palace Hotel&Spa povezala poslovneže iz Nemčije, Madžarske, Slovenije in Avstrije. Izmenjava zgodb o neuspehu in poslovnih napakah je bila osvežujoča, globoka in je ozavestila izjemen pomen demistifikacije neuspeha in z njim povezanega strahu v poslovnem svetu. Če strahu in neuspeha ne upravljaš, ga ne ozavestiš, se ne moreš premakniti naprej v svojem razvoju.

      Upam, da se strinjate – jesen je bila res pestra. Ne glede na tematiko, vsebino ali udeležence, imajo navedeni dogodki nekaj skupnega: dovolj nam je starih vzorcev razmišljanja, dovolj nam je hierarhično vsiljenih vzvodov moči. Življenje je lahko tudi drugačno in le sami si ga lahko ustvarimo po novi podobi.
      A jesen še ni končana. Kmalu se vam oglasim iz Brazilije, kjer bom kot vabljena govorka, posredovala na njihovi konferenci o inovativnosti, izkušnje Slovenije, naša spoznanja, modele in rezultate vezane na inovacijske ekosisteme.

      Oj, Vibacom tim (Violeta, Kaja, Barbara)


      Priporočamo ogled:

      Kako lahko sodelujemo 
      Kje se lahko srečamo
      Zanimivosti

                Involucija in evolucija – Tajvan 2013   
      Ko me je profesorica Ming Fen povabila, da bi se kot ena od uvodnih predavateljic udeležila Mednarodne konference o socialno okoljskem izobraževanju na novo porajajoče se eko-civilizacije, sem se z velikim veseljem pozitivno odzvala zaradi (takrat) dveh razlogov:

      1) Tajvan je, vsaj zame, ena od vodilnih tehnološko razvitih držav na svetu. Ker sem sama po formalni izobrazbi računalniška inženirka, me je možnost, da o računalniški industriji v tej državi zvem kaj več, prijetno vzradostila. Saj to je pomenilo spoznati, kako se Tajvanci odzivajo na globalne trende, kako razmišljajo, kako oblikujejo odločitve, kako vzpostavljajo sisteme, s katerimi se soočajo z izzivi novega sveta in kako pri tem ohranjajo človeški aspekt življenja.
      International Conference Social Environmental Education for an Emerging Eco-Civilization, Enacting Unbounded Collaboration and Evolutionary Development for “Glocal” Eco-Communities: A New Paradigm of Public Engagement and Social Innovation
      NTNU, Tajvan 21 – 22 July, 2013
      Jezik: angleški, kitajski

      Glocal = Global and local
      2) Tema mojega prispevka, ki mi jo je predlagal organizator, me je presenetila in izzvala, da s premislekom sežem čez svoje običajne okvire ter tako razvijem nove poglede na delo, s katerim se ukvarjam.

      Članek & prezentacija: “Connecting Evolution and Involution to Create a Positive Foundation for an Eco-Civilization”, V. Bulc,  NTNU, Taipei, Tajvan 2013.

      Delavnica: Collective Dialog on Green Social Innovation; Udeleženci: 60 predstavnikov gospodarstva, vlade, univerze, raziskovalne dejavnosti in nevladne organizacije; gostitelji: MingFen Li & KingKong Lin, Alexandr Laszlo & Violeta Bulc.

      Evolúcija je biološki proces, pri katerem se genski zapis populacij organizmov spreminja iz generacije v generacijo. Čeprav so spremembe znotraj posamezne generacije majhne, se organizmi z njihovim kopičenjem zlagoma spreminjajo in sčasoma lahko ta proces vodi v nastanek novih vrst. Vir: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolution, Junij 2013


      Involution (Meher Baba), the inner path of the human soul to the self
      Involution algebra, a *-algebra: an algebra equipped with an involutionVir:: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Involution, junij 2013

      Slika: Transparent/ znak Tajvanske fakultete
      Vir: Vibacom
      Ko sem prispela na Tajvan, sem kmalu ugotovila, da naslov mojega uvodnega predavanja ni bilo edino presenečenje, ki me je čakalo na mojem obisku. Teden dni na Tajvanu mi je dalo precej več. Moja doživetja so bila globoka, temeljita in navdihujoča.

      Naj nekaj od doživetij posredujem tudi vam. Upam, da jih bom dovolj dobro povzela in tudi vas popeljala na to pomembno potovanje.

      1. Ljudje in arhitektura
      Prvi stik z deželo se je začel s srečanjem z ljudmi in z arhitekturo na letališču. Letališke zgradbe so bile prostorne, zračne in čiste. Izpod stropa nas je gledal velik, pisan zmaj in se nam smehljal. Zame je bilo to prvo srečanje z modernim Tajvanom, prvo od mnogih, ki so mu sledila: druga najvišja zgradba na svetu, brezizrazne zgradbe, ki so me spominjale na podobne slovenske iz istega obdobja, celovito oblikovane hiše z osvežujočimi zelenimi površinami in ekološko dodelanimi prvinami. Hkrati pa sem opazila, da pri oblikovanju prostora razmišljajo o ljudeh in pogojih za njihovo blaginjo. Recikliranje, na primer, so na Tajvanu razvili še za korak dalje. V mestu je težko najti koš za smeti. Ljudje morajo svoje smeti odnesti s sabo domov in jih pravilno razvrstiti.
      Ljudje: Študentje, ki so nas pričakali na letališču, so si naredili pisane in vesele oznake z našimi imeni. Čeprav smo bili precej utrujeni (prileteli smo naravnost iz konference v Vietnamu), so nas nasmejali. V hotelski sobi ja na nas čakalo še eno drobno presenečenje naših gostiteljev – košara s prigrizki tajvanske kuhinje. In to je ustvarilo vzdušje za ves naslednji teden – tako za samo konferenco kakor tudi za pripadajoče poslovne oglede po otoku. Organizatorji so se potrudili, da smo zaznali vsako podrobnost njihove kulture, razvoja, njihovega načina razmišljanja, razumevanja in delovanja na krajevni, regionalni in globalni ravni.
      Slika: Mangov sladoled
      Vir: Vibacom
      Način, kako razmišljajo o življenju, sodelovanju, udeleženosti in občutljivosti v skupnosti, me je navdušil. Zlahka sem začutila prevladujoč duhovni vpliv, ki ga ima budistični nauk v njihovem odnosu do venomer spreminjajočega se življenja. Srečanje z direktorjem budističnega inštituta, ki nas je vse presenetil z radovednostjo in pripravljenostjo poslušati in se naučiti kaj novega, je samo še potrdilo moje začetno prepričanje.
      Slika: Budistični center (Chung Tai Chan Monastery)
      Vir: Vibacom
      Na Tajvanu sem se pogosto počutila povsem domače in pozitivno, začutila sem namreč njihovo spoštovanje do kulture, spoznala številne zelo praktične rešitve, s katerimi se odzivajo na vsakdanje potrebe. Vsepovsod sem videla vrtove, vedno znova občudovala njihovo spoštovanje ekološko pridelane hrane, njihovo odprtost in ponos v majhnih zadevah, ki so segale globoko. Tako tudi med našim obiskom krajevnega umetnika, ki velja za največjega mojstra keramike našega časa, saj se je bolj kot kdorkoli drug poglobil v starodavno veščino keramične obrti, a vseeno živi preprosto, posvečeno življenje v svoji delavnici v okraju Puli. Pogosto so me samo kitajske pismenke opozarjale, da sem v resnici v tuji deželi. Globoko se zahvaljujem svojim gostiteljem za vse izkušnje, znanje in modrost, ki sem jih bila deležna in jih imela priložnost spoznati ne tem potovanju.

      Slika: mojster keramike
      Vir: Vibacom
      2. Konferenca
      Konferenca, zaradi katere smo prišli na Tajvan, je imela izzivajoč naslov (glej zgoraj). Vsebina, ki so jo predstavili sodelujoči na konferenci, pozneje pa tudi na delavnicah, je popolnoma izpolnila njegov namen. Poudarek konference je bil na holističnih in sistemskih praksah ohranjevanja ekološkega okolja in na inovacijah glokaliziranih eko-skupnosti, na pomenu sistematičnega premisleka pri javnem delovanju in eko-razvoju ter o zmožnosti izgrajevanja zelenih družbenih podjetij. 

      Zelo sem bila vesela, da so prakse iz Slovenije, ki sem jih predstavila v svojem prispevku, in sicer, Challenge Future (C:F), Srce Slovenije, InCo gibanje in BTCjeva trajnostna strategija razvoja, pritegnile precejšnjo pozornost in občudovanje.

      Vse štiri prakse imajo nekaj skupnega: vse v svojem poslovnem modelu upoštevajo socialne in/ali poslovne inovacije (izviren način, strast, navdihnjenost iz vira, namenjeno tako posameznikom kakor skupinam) in sistematični pristop, vse upoštevajo in povezujejo točke uspešnega razvoja, vse pri svojem razvoju prepletajo evolucijo in involucijo.

      Moj glavni poudarek prispevka je bil, da med razvojem organizacije (projektov) (evolucija) in razvojem posameznika (involucija), ki so vključeni v projekt, še posebej tistega, ki je lastnik začetne ideje, potekajo vzajemni odnosi. Opozorila sem tudi na bistvene značilnosti, ki so me ohrabrile v veri, da se nova civilizacija že pojavlja, kar pomeni vse večja prisotnost odprtih (inovacijskih) eko sistemov, skupne globalne vrednote, rast celostnega zavedanjs, povečanje obsega zavestnega ravnanja, ki se bogati iz nezavednega, vse večja prisotnost regionalnega in globalnega mreženja, oblikovanje vrednot v medkulturnem sodelovanju, udeleženosti, in vse večji vpliv sistemskega premišljevanja.

      Slika: konferenči plakat
      Vir: Vibacom
      Spoznala sem, da se udeleženci zavedajo istih globalnih izzivov (celo na lokalni ravni) in da moramo nadaljevati z oblikovanjem globalnih mrež in posredovanja primerov dobrega delovanja, da se lahko drug od drugega učimo in skupaj oblikujemo rešitve in razcvet. To lahko počnemo samo v odprtem svetu inovacij, onkraj zemljepisnih meja in političnih ovir. Takšno razmišljanje je temelj pojavljajoče se globalne civilizacije. Z vsako uspešno rešitvijo, ki je plod medsebojnega sodelovanja, čutim, da je energija nove civilizacije vedno močneje prisotna v našem vsakdanjem življenju.
      Delavnica z udeleženci krajevne pobude inovacijskega ekosistema v »Vidim-te-kavarni« je to samo še potrdila. Čeprav mnogi od njih niso govorili angleško, midva z Alexandrom pa ne kitajsko, nama je uspelo, deloma tudi s pomočjo dodatnega prevoda, ustvariti zelo dinamično, dejavno delavnico z aktivnimi udeleženci, v kateri smo si uspešno izmenjali spoznanja o obravnavanih temah.

      Slika: plakat z vmesnimi rezultati
      Vir: Vibacom
      Na koncu smo celo izoblikovali preprost akcijski načrt. Vsi primeri so bili stvarni. Publiki so jih predstavili člani lokalnih nevladnih skupnosti. Bistveni izzivi so bili podobni tistim, s katerimi smo se srečali že na delavnicah Srca Slovenija ali pa o njih brali na C:F portalu (ki so ga identificirali mladi), med drugim, pomanjkanje izobrazbe, pomanjkanje ustreznih informacij za jasno odločanje, pomanjkanje sodelovanja in inovacij.

      Slika: Tajvanska delavnica
      Vir: Vibacom
      Težave smo premagali tako, da smo opredelili model deležnikov inovacijskih ekosistemov vezanih na izbrane projekte, bistvene izzive, bistvena orodja in bistvene ukrepe. Veselilo me je, da je veliko skupin uporabilo »U« metodo (ki jo uporabljajo tudi člani InCo gibanja). Bilo je veliko veselja, smeha, živahnih pogovorov in ponosnih predstavitev v naši učilnici. Hvala ti, Tajvan, za to izkušnjo in priložnost biti član ekipe moderatorjev.

      3. Sistemska znanost
      Konferenca in spremljevalni program na Tajvanu sta ponovno potrdila, da se sistemska znanost in sistemsko mišljenje krepita po vsem svetu ter tako ustvarjata platformo za trajnostno in cvetoče reševanje problemov. To so ugotovile tudi mnoge vladne službe … samo upam lahko, da se bo tudi Slovenija ugotovila, da so celostne rešitve tiste, ki ponujajo veliko več stabilnosti, trajnosti in rezultatov.

      Slika: Skupinska slika gostov in gostiteljev
      Vir: Vibacom

      Ko se oziram nazaj, ugotavljam, da smo na Tajvanu srečali veliko raznovrstnih stvari. Videli smo neverjetne ljudi, izvedeli za mnoge zanimive projekte, si ogledali čudovito naravo, muzeje, budistične centre, lokalne osnovne in srednje šole, spoznali umetnika in ljudi pri delu. Bilo je toliko tega, da sem pri vsem skupaj celo pozabila, da bi ljudi povprašala o industriji visoko razvite tehnologije. Če ne bi imela HTC mobilnega telefona, izdelanega na Tajvanu (na kar so nas mnogi ljudje ponosno opozorili), bi povsem pozabila na visoko tehnološko razvitost Tajvana. A morda pa prav ta informacija že sama po sebi veliko pove.

      Oj, Violeta


      Priporočamo ogled:

      Novice
      Kako lahko sodelujemo 
      Kje se lahko srečamo

                S sistemskim pristopom do hitrejšega razvoja, Vietnam 2013   
      Ko me je predsednik ISSS (International System Science Society), Alexander Laszlov, pred letom in pol povabil, da prevzamem vodenje skupine za design programa svetovne ISSS konference v Vietnamu, sem vlogo sprejela s spoštovanjem in radovednostjo. Brez pričakovanj in brez vizije, kam me/nas bo naloga pripeljala. Bila je naporna, a izjemno bogata izkušnja, obogatena z vsaj tremi ključnimi vsebinami:
      1. vodenje globalnega projekta (člani so bili iz vseh celin planeta Zemlja),
      2. lansiranje naše nove knjige o InCo gibanju “The Magic of Contribution” v Vietnamu in
      3. izjemna doživetja Vietnama skozi prizmo njihovih ljudi, projektov in priložnosti, ki jih vidijo za svoj razvoj.

      Slika: Vietnam the design tim
      Vir: Vibacom
      Osebno sem dojela ključna sporočila konference kot:
      • Sistemsko razmišljanje in sistemska znanost postajajo osrednji način razmišljanja novo razvijajoče se planetarne civilizacije.
      • Sistemsko razmišljanje se razvija v smeri sistemske zavesti in sistemskega sebstva z razumevanjem pomena posameznice/ka kot aktivnega in samostojnega dela celote.
      • Vse večji poudarek je na inteligenci odnosov in uravnoteženosti med kolektivnim in individualnim; pri tem je v veliko pomoč sistemsko razmišljanje.
      • Priča smo premiku od planiranja aktivnosti k dizajniranju pogojev in okolja, ki dovoljuje nastajanje novega.
      • Za vodje/managerje bo pomemben premik k učinkovitemu zagotavljanju okolja, ki bo dovoljevalo pogoje za nepredvidljivo, vnašanje elementov presenečenja, drugačnosti, ki bo dovoljevalo oblikovanje lastnih pogledov brez v naprej definiranih okvirjev razmišljanja in sklepanja (kot je poudaril v svojem zaključnem govoru zdaj že bivši predsednik ISSS, prof. A. Laszlov, “prispevek sistemske znanosti k razvoju cvetočega planeta ni v sajenju semen, ampak v pripravi rodovitnega polja, ki je pogoj za zdrav pridelek).
      • Prihodnost je v povezovanju, soustvarjanju, razumevanju soodvisnosti in aktivni participaciji tako na lokalnem kot globalnem nivoju
      Celotno sporočilo konference bi lahko strnila v: “Bodi sam sistem, ki ga želiš živeti”.

      Izkušnja vodenja globalnega projekta

      A. Tim: virtualni tim, ki sem ga prevzela v vodenje je bil precej velik.  Na začetku je celo kazalo, da ga bo nemogoče voditi. Pa vendar, ko smo po nekaj skype srečanjih uskladili naša pričakovanja, razumeli ambicije, s katerimi smo člani/ice vstopili v projekt, uskladili pojmovnik in jasno opredelili okvir projekta, je delo steklo. Danes, na zadnji dan konference, lahko rečem,  da je struktura in vsebina konference dobro podprla aktivnosti na parketu, dovolila dovolj prostora za druženje in osebne kontakte, hkrati pa vedno znova vzpostavljala dinamiko med udeleženci.
      Members of the team: Alexander Laszlo (President of the ISSS), Jacqui Wilmshurst, Pamela Buckle Henning, Barbara Widhalm, Kathryn Bottrell, Todd Johnston, Palma Vizzoni, Karri Winn, Will Varey, Ockie Bosch, Irma Wilson, Violeta Bulc (Coordinator of the Conference Design Team), Nam Nguyen (Coordinator of the Conference Organization & Logistics team), George Por (Coordinator of the Collective Intelligence Enhancement Lab team), Stefan Blachfellner (Coordinator of the External Communication & Coordination team), Jennifer Wilby (Vice President for Administration and the central reference point for the official ISSS activities)
      B. Prednosti vodenja virtualnega projekta: virtualni projekt lahko vodiš iz pisarne (včasih tudi iz dnevne sobe); poraba časa za srečanja je veliko bolj učinkovita (po dveh urah začne koncentracija padati, zato sestanki praviloma ne trajajo več kot 2 uri), vsi zapisi in komentarji se beležijo v živo in se simultano dopolnjujejo, popravljajo; ko ne zmoreš več, ali pa imaš druge obveznosti, se lahko hitro posloviš.  
      Slabosti virtualnega projekta: težko vzdržuješ koncentracijo ljudi (da bi povečali učinkovitost telekomunikacijskih linij, smo pogosto izključili video del in bilo je čutiti, da člani opravljajo še dodatna dela za računalnikom, zato njihova participacija ni bila vedno osredotočena na obravnavane teme), vstop v tim in izstop iz timskega dela je samo klik stran, kar je večkrat moteče, (manjša disciplina), ne osebnega, neposrednega kontakta (neposrednega prelivanja energij), kar zmanjša stopnjo spontanosti in kreativnost. Izzivi v vodenju globalnega tima: velike časovno razlike in posledično težave pri usklajevanju urnikov za srečanja (npr. pozna večerna ura v Sloveniji in Južni Afriki, zgodnja ura v Avstraliji, sredi delavnega dne na vzhodni obali ZDA),  zagotavljanje konsistentnosti v timu (prisotnost, angažiranost, vpetost), koordinacija komentarjev, participacije članov virtualnega tima, sposobnost zaznavanja vzdušja v timu in ustreznih intervencij, ko so se misli preveč oddaljile od bistva ali pa prevzele preveč prostora, ipd.
      Več o konferenci pa na naslednjih straneh:
      Twitter https://twitter.com/intent/user?query=%23isss57&screen_name=B_original_me&tw_i=358106657630330880&tw_p=embeddedtimeline&tw_w=345452960295305216
      https://twitter.com/intent/user?query=%23isss57&screen_name=Alex8er&tw_i=358194619462332417&tw_p=embeddedtimeline&tw_w=345452960295305216
      Local news: http://www.baohaiphong.com.vn/channel/4905/201307/van-dung-ly-thuyet-va-tu-duy-he-thong-trong-giai-quyet-van-de-hang-ngay-2256835/
      CIEL http://cielcolab.com/
      ISSS www.isss.org  
      C. Inovativni dosežki: zelo vzpodbudna izkušnja zame pa je bila, da smo, navkljub omenjenim pogojem delovanja, uspeli inovirati, prebijati vzorce obnašanja in razumevanja in se pri tem še vedno iskreno zabavati. Prav pa je, da na tem mestu omenim, da je pomembno vlogo igralo začetno fizično srečanja šestih članov  tima v Linzu spomladi 2012, kjer smo uspeli postaviti začetna izhodišča za timsko delo. Ključni inovativni prispevki za konferenco v Vietnamu (v primerjavi s prejšnjimi konferencami) so bili: planetarni govorci (v program konference so se v živo javljali sistemski znanstveniki iz vsega sveta in pomembno prispevali k razumevanju razvoja sistemske znanosti in sistemskega razmišljanja po svetu), praktična izkušnja živega laboratorija na otoku Kat Ba

      Slika: otok Kat Ba
      Vir: Vibacom
      (s pomočjo sistemskih pristopov se na otoku prestrukturira celoten gospodarski in družbeni razvoj v dobro lokalnih prebivalcev, turizma in zaščite naravnega okolja),  skupinsko delo udeležencev na iskanju točk preliva razvijajoče se nove eko civilizacije in zajem ključnih izzivov pri njenem nastajanju, sama struktura programa (številne jutranje in večerne aktivnosti vezane na zajem refleksij udeleženk/cev, izmenjave izkušenj v okviru manjših interesnih skupin, vsebinskih dnevnih osredotočenj, ipd),  sam proces nastajanja programske sheme konference (evolucijski pristop, participativni, soustvarjalni); dodatne pomembne inovativne aktivnosti so se odvijale tudi na področju vzpostavitve virtualnega orodja v podporo participativnega povezovanja in sodelovanja (CIEL – collective intelligence evolutionary lab); novost je bilo tudi vzporedno tekmovanje študentov iz Vietnama in Avstralije v virtualni igri – Ecopolicy.

      Lansiranje nove knjige ob sedmi obletnici delovanja InCo gibanja “The Magic of Contribution”

      Prav poseben občutek, ko lansiraš knjigo na globalnem nivoju, na svetovni konferenci, s pol urno prezentacijo, ki je odlično sprejeta med poslušalci. Hvala vsem, ki ste sodelovali pri pripravi knjige in vsem, ki ste z odprtimi srci sprejeli njena ključna sporočila: www.themagicofcontribution.si.

      Slika: Lansiranje knjige, Vietnam
      Vir: Vibacom

      Slika: Naslovnica e-knjige
      Vir: Vibacom

      Izkušnja Vietnama

      Ko sem se odpravljala v Vietnam me je preveval občutek mirnega vznemirjenja. Vedela sem, da grem v novo izkušnjo, v novo deželo. Hkrati se mi je dozdevalo, da grem v znane vibracije. Zdaj vem zakaj.

      Slika: Violeta Bulc, otok Kat Ba
      Vir: Vibacom
      Bila je nepozabna izkušnja. Izjemno prijazni, veseli ljudje. Izjemno strokovni in profesionalni. Več kot 80 milijonski narod, ki se pospešeno razvija v okviru svojih neizmernih potencialov: v naravi, v ljudeh, v ambicijah, v zgodovini, v prihodnosti. Lahko bi jim reki tudi dežela skuterjev.

      Dežela visoke senzibilnosti za povezanost in soodvisnost, pa vendar vse bolj odprta tudi za individualnost. Prepletanje socialističnega duha, ki mi je dajal občutek domačnosti na eni strani in na drugi strani njihova iskrena želja, da se kot država enakovredno postavijo ob bok Kitajski, Indoneziji, Indiji in ostalim državam v regiji kot pomemben igralec pri razvoju azijskega gospodarstva, ustvarjajo impulz novodobnosti, upanja in ustvarjajo prostor za nastajanje številnih tehnoloških, poslovnih in družbenih inovacij.

      Hai Phong še ni doživel turističnega razcveta. Je pa močno gospodarsko in politično središče. Bogato je tudi kulturno izročilo. Ljudje pa so, še ne navajeni turistov, radovedni, a nikakor ne vsiljivi. Pravi užitek se je sprehajati po številnih ulicah, kjer se prepletajo motoristi, pešci, avtomobili, kolesarji –vrvež, v katerem pa se počutiš varnega in dobrodošlega.

      Slika: Budistični center
      Vir: Vibacom


      Slika: TK napeljava
      (težko verjameš, da se ob tovrstni napeljavi dogajajo
      “high-speed” telekomunikacije povezave – a se!)
      Vir: Vibacom
      V luči našega projekta je bilo posebej osvežujoče dejstvo, da je najvišje politično vodstvo tako profesionalno pristopilo k uporabi sistemske znanosti za prestrukturiranje njihovega gospodarstva in družbe kot celote. Pri tem igra  veliko vlogo tudi njihovo sodelovanje z Univerzo Adalade iz Avstralije.

      Slika: Hai Phong vodstvo
      (ustanovitev mednarodnega združenja za
      sistemsko znanost v Hai Phongu)
      Vir: Vibacom


      Slika: V. Bulc, Mr.Thanh, član komiteja Republike Vietnam in partijski sekretar
      Vir: Vibacom

      Sicer pa so ulice Hai Phonga, kjer smo preživeli en teden kot eno veliko mravljišče – na ulicah se dogaja trgovina, na ulicah se prehranjuje, druži, sobiva v polnem pomenu razvijajočega se inovacijskega ekosistema.

      Slika: Utrip s tržnice
      Vir: Vibacom

      Slika: Prodaja sadja na tržnici
      Vir: Vibacom

      Vsekakor je Vietnam destinacija, ki jo priporočam.

      Oj!

      Priporočamo ogled: 

      Novice

      Kako lahko sodelujemo 
      Novice, ki navdihujejo
      Kje se lahko srečamo

                O odgovornih inovacijah iz Haaga   
      Stvari se spreminjajo. Po vsem svetu se po univerzah ubadajo z istim vprašanjem: Ali svoje študente učimo prave reči? Po drugi strani v vedno več podjetjih ugotavljajo, da morajo na novo zaposlene mlade izobražene ljudi najprej reprogramirati, preden jih lahko koristno vključijo v svoje inovacijske projekte in ekosisteme.

      Do podobnih spoznanj so se prikopali tudi inženirji: »Kako lahko zagotovimo, da bodo naše inovacije in odkritja odgovorno uporabili?« Ne gre samo za orodja, modele ali postopke. Jeroen Van den Hoven, uvodni govornik na konferenci je poudaril, »da si mora vsak, ki se ukvarja z inovacijami, zastaviti ključno vprašanje o tem, katerega od velikih socialnih izzivov bo pomagala razrešiti njegova ali njena inovacija«. Torej, ali živimo v zmoti? Ne. Sama sem spoznala, da si moram zastaviti drugačno vprašanje. Kateri so tisti znaki, ki kažejo, da se svet spreminja, razvija, premika naprej? Zato sem, namesto da bi iskala, kaj je prav ali ne, začela poslušati, celo med lastnim predavanjem. Bolj kakor samemu govorjenju sem sledila govorici teles poslušalcev, iskram v njihovih očeh, njihovim pripombam in vprašanjem. Doživela sem jih celostno in tako, si predstavljam, bi morda lahko začeli gledati na življenje. Vsak dan. Preden pa posredujem svoje ugotovitve iz konference, bi vam rada posredovala nekaj misli o konferenci sami, ki so jih podali njeni organizatorji.

      Slika: Ronald Ortt
      Vir: Vibacom arhiv
      V: Torej kaj je obe zvezi, IEEE in ICE, pripeljalo do tega, da sta tokrat vsakoletno globalno srečanje organizirali skupaj in ga posvetili odgovornim inovacijam in podjetništvu?Dr. Roland Ortt: Obe zvezi inovacije obravnavata kot svojo pomembno vsebino. Zato smo se letos odločili, da se povežemo in tako skupaj nagovorimo to temo. Ko smo se poglobili vanjo, smo se zavedli, da se v njenem ozadju skriva precej zadev, ki zahtevajo dodatni premislek, poleg hvaljenih in takih s srečnim koncem obstaja namreč tudi veliko manj uspešnih. Na področju inovacij prihaja tudi do velikega števila napak in napačno vodenih primerov, še posebej v fazi razvoja samih inovacij. Prihaja do izgub, slabega investiranja in neuspehov tako na vseh ravneh organizacije, kakor na vseh stopnjah inovacijskega življenjskega cikla. Neprestano iščemo meje, istočasno pa poskušamo tudi socialno odgovorno delovati. Zato smo hoteli temu posvetiti posebno pozornost. K temu pa me je še dodatno vzpodbudila zgodba ameriškega avtorja, ki so ga pri nekem ameriškem časopisu povabili, da naj napiše kaj o veličini inovacij. Odkril je, da vse inovacije niso ravno blesteče. Opozoril je tudi na nekatere stranske učinke inovacij. Članek so mu zavrnili in ga nikoli niso objavili. Tako se je torej izoblikovala tema konference o odgovornih inovacijah. Povsem naravno.


      V: Kaj bi radi dosegli s konferenco?
      Dr. Roland Ortt:
      Zastavili smo si tri cilje:
      1. organizacijski cilj (povezati dve različni skupnosti: ICE kot evropsko organizacijo in IEEE skupino kot že staro inženirsko organizacijo ter skupaj načeti temo inovacij, ki že po svoji naravi sega na mnoga raznovrstna področja);
      2. vsebinski cilj (povečati zavest o nujnosti odgovornih inovacij);
      3. strukturni cilj (v Evropi izpeljati konferenco, ki bo skupaj pripeljala ljudi iz vsega sveta in bo imela trajnejšo prihodnost. Hkrati pa nismo poskušali ponuditi samo predstavitev, ampak oblikovati tudi delovna srečanja, na katerih okoli okrogle mize sodelujejo ljudje tako iz akademskega okolja, kakor javni delavci in poslovneži).

      Slika: "Različen pogled na svet"
      Vir: Vibacom arhiv
      Na konferenci smo bili res predavatelji iz vsega sveta, ki smo predstavili in načeli veliko zanimivih, tako splošnih kakor povsem praktičnih vprašanj s področja inovacij. Še posebej bi rada izpostavila naslednja spoznanja:
      • inženirskih krogih je vprašanje o odgovornih inovacijah postalo resno upoštevana tema: čeprav je mogoče slišati pripombe, da se inženirji ukvarjajo zgolj z reševanjem tehničnih izzivov ali da vojaške raziskave zadržujejo veliko odličnih tehničnih rešitev, ki bi koristile ljudem, je prevladalo vzdušje o odgovornosti inovacij, podjetništva in potrebi po njihovem sistematičnem razmisleku; zato je treba to temo vključiti v izobraževalne programe inženirjev po vsem svetu.
      • po vsem svetu se pojavlja vrsta podobnih izzivov: na primer, eden pomembnejših je, kako ljudi pripraviti do tega, da bi svoje raziskave začenjali od spodaj navzgor (bottom-up approach). Ali pa kako bi dvignili mero odgovornosti, skrajšali razvojni cikel in ga odgovorno upoštevali. Pa tudi kako bi prepoznali prave potrebe, ki imajo dolgotrajen učinek, ali kako bi v razvoj izdelka vključili tudi etične in kulturne razsežnosti. In podobno.
      • še vedno se ne potrudimo dovolj, da bi se drug od drugega več naučili: drug drugega pretežno še vedno samo obveščamo o tem, kaj smo naredili, precej manj pa rešitve, ki jih potrebujemo, iščemo drugod po svetu. V glavnem jih poskušamo izumiti na novo. Kakorkoli že, ko to počnemo, v rešitve pogosto še vedno vtiskujemo stare miselne vzorce in zastarelo mentalno arhitekturo ter tako zapravljamo priložnost, da bi se iz globalnega bazena znanja, ki tam zunaj že obstaja, kaj novega naučili. Z drugimi besedami, vznemirljive priložnosti za medstrukturno izmenjavanje izzivov in rešitev dejansko obstajajo. Globoko sem prepričan, da je nastopil čas, da se bolje povežemo in učinkoviteje uporabimo znanje in izkušnje, ki so nam kot globalni skupnosti na razpolago ter da tako nagovorimo vsaj skupne globalne izzive.
      • razvidno je, da se med uveljavljenimi spoznanji in v medsebojni odvisnosti zaradi globalizacije in odprtih sistemov kaže vedno več ne-linearnih in nepredvidljivih izzivov. Zato potrebujemo novo obliko izobraževalnih sistemov, odprtih za nove potrebe in priložnosti. Rabimo izobrazbo, ki bo ljudi opremila z znanjem o sistemskih vidikih, o trajnostnih inovacijskih pristopih, o posledicah razvoja. Izobrazbo, ki bo ljudi vzpodbudila k ustvarjanju novih, trajnostnih vizij za »stvaren« (flat) svet, v katerem živimo.
      • in še nekaj dodatnih namigov:
      a) osredotoči se na težavo: »Delovno ekipo oblikuj okoli ključnih težav. Odzivi tvojih strank ne pomenijo zaključek zgodbe o tvojem izdelku.«
      b) ugotovi pravo naravo svojega podjetništva: »Podjetništvo ne pomeni upravljanja.« Obstaja precejšnja razlika med znanjem in orodji, ki jih mora obvladati posameznik, da postane uspešen podjetnik, in tistimi, ki jih potrebuje uspešen upravitelj. En od najbolj škodljivih korakov na podjetniški poti je, da podjetnika silimo, da že na začetku novega posla spiše poslovni načrt; po drugi strani pa je prav tako škodljivo, da podjetnik ne odstopi, ko podjetje postane dovolj veliko, da ga mora začeti voditi upravitelj.
      c) s sredstvi podprta produktna platforma: »Sredstva, potrebna za razvoj produktne platforme pomenijo faktor vlaganja (input). Hkrati pa sredstvene platforme same pomenijo pomemben del sredstev podjetja. Za razvoj produktov je dobro, da ima podjetje s sredstveno platformo (platformo virov) zato, da se lahko hitro in učinkovito odziva.«
      d) inovacijske šole (I-Schools): nastalo je celo področje novih strokovnih znanj, pristojnosti, pojmov in modelov, ki jih potrebujemo za podporo nastajajočega sveta inovacij. Novi pojmi kot so: »oblikovno mišljenje« (design thinking), »odzivni razvoj računalniških programov« (agile software development), »vitko podjetništvo« (lean entrepreneurship) in “sistemično razmišljanje” (systemic thinking) ter podobno, ki jih je opredelil Nathan Furr, se v praksi hitreje pojavljajo kot v akademskih krogih in sisteme izobraževanja izzivajo, da naj se preoblikujejo in se odzovejo na dejanske potrebe ljudi.
      e) povezovanje vsebin: vedno večja je tudi potreba, da svet vrednot, norm, idej, etike in načel ter svet artefaktov, arhitekture, materialov, standardov in sistemov povežemo v celostno reševanje osrednjih izzivov naše družbe.
      f) množične inovacije: povečuje se tudi potreba po množičnih inovacijah, povezovanju sodelujočih v mreže (collaborative networks) in spontanih pobudah, ko se pojavijo novi izzivi. Ko sem predstavila izkušnje Vibacoma in ugotovitve InCo gibanja, sem spoznala, da v mnogih krogih še vedno ne razlikujejo med množičnimi inovacijami (mass innovation) in mreženji sodelujočih (collaborative innovation). Toda z naraščajočo potrebo po tem, da z inovacijami začenjamo pri dnu (bottom-up inovation) in z že prepoznanimi potrebami po mreženju sodelujočih, se svet počasi pomika v smeri razvoja množičnih inovacijskih ekosistemov.

      Kako pa je z mano? Eden od pomembnejših razlogov, da sem sodelovala na tej globalni konferenci kot predavateljica, je bila želja, da si z ljudmi iz vsega sveta izmenjam svoje poglede in ugotovim, kaj počnejo oni, da svoje delo umestim v globalno skupnost, spoznam kaj novega in drugim omogočim, da se kaj naučijo od mene. Hvaležna sem za povabilo. In lahko rečem, da se v Sloveniji gibljemo po pravih mejah in s pomembnimi spoznanji ter vizijami tudi sami prispevamo v globalno družbo razvijajočega se znanja. Še dodatno sem utrdila spoznanje, da se skupaj pomikamo proti viziji cvetočega planeta.

      Haag 2013
      Vir: Vibacom arhiv
      Svoj prispevek za Aktualno 2.0 bi rada končala s ključnim sporočilom, ki ga je dekan Univerze v Leidnu podal v svojem nagovoru: »Nujno je, da postanemo močnejši v svojih vizijah in šibkejši v svojih omejitvah.« Kako res.
      Oj, Violeta


      Priporočamo ogled: 

      Novice

      Kako lahko sodelujemo 
      Kje se lahko srečamo


                Zahodni Balkan - Regija, ki se prebuja   
      Kot otrok socializma in SFRJ večkrat razmišljam o znanju in izkušnjah, ki mi jih je prinesel razpad Jugoslavije. V sebi ne čutim nobene nostalgije ali emocionalnih blokad zaradi razpada politične entitete. Pač pa so prisotna spoznanja, kot:

      - že zdavnaj razumem, da je družba dinamična struktura, ki se ves čas spreminja, prilagaja, transformira. Ki več čas prehaja iz reda v nered in ponovno v red. Prav zato so mi izzivi Evropske Unije domači. So tipični izzivi vseh, ki v raznolikosti težijo k federaciji, k vzpostavljanju političnih meja. Ki v svoji vnemi po kontroli in obvladovanju vzvodov povezovanja, prezrejo, da je bistvo uspešnega  sodelovanja v razumevanju potrebe in v ustvarjanju dodane vrednosti za to potrebo. Ki se le-ta kot vir razvoja deli med partnerji, ki so jo ustvarili,
      Ko je svet podvržen visoki stopnji sprememb, raznolikosti in neskončnih možnosti, je zelo pomembno, da v sebi nosimo mir. Da so naše misli zbrane, osredotočene. Da vemo, kaj hočemo. Da prepoznamo sebi lastne strukture skozi katere lahko slišimo, vidimo, začutimo in realiziramo priložnosti, ki so prave za nas. Ki nam v svetu neskončne raznolikosti, pomagajo realizirati tiste, ki nas napolnijo z vznesenostjo, veseljem, globokim notranjim smislom lastnega obstoja.  Slednje velja tako za nas posameznice, za organizacije, skupnosti, partnerstva, mreže, regije, celine.
      O slednjem nas uči tudi zgodovina, nas učijo priložnosti današnjega dne. 
      - jasno je razvidno in naravno, da sta administracija in javna uprava živa organizma, ki težita k rasti in trajnostnemu razvoju. Žal so tudi države, skupnosti, kot odraščajoči najstniki, ki se želijo vse naučiti same,

      - da se je od zgodovine dobro učiti, a se od nje ne da živeti. Potrebno je ukrepati vsak dan, generirati vrednost in se ves čas dinamično prilagajati.
      SAMIT100 poslovnih voditeljev JV Evrope je edinstven koncept v organizaciji srbskega združenja managerjev SAM, hrvaškega združenja delodajalcev HUP in slovenskega Združenja Manager, ki predstavlja močno kohezivno silo prihodnjega gospodarskega povezovanja regije in konkreten prispevek vodilnih managerjev k pospešenemu gospodarskemu sodelovanju in večji konkurenčnosti na prostorih nekdanje skupne države. Več...
      Zato je bilo toliko bolj osvežujoče srečanje poslovnežev Zahodnega Balkana koncem maja v Črni gori. Srbi, Slovenci, Bosanci in Hercegovci, Makedonci, Črnogorci in Hrvati smo sedeli v isti dvorani polni konstruktivnih energij. Zvedavi, navdušujoči, optimistični in veseli, da smo prebili stekleni strop temačnosti in tragičnih dogodkov polpretekle zgodovine. Naj se nikoli ne izgubi spomin na njih. Naj nas vedno znova spominjajo na dimenzije, ki nosijo v sebi destrukcijo, sovraštvo, bolečino in hlad. A naj ostanejo le spomin.
      Politični Vrh Zahodnega Balkana
      vir: arhiv Samit100, 2013
      “Nesporno je, da za Slovenijo regija predstavlja ključno področje delovanja, saj vanjo usmerjamo večino svojih investicij (v letu 2011 70% vseh investicij), prav tako pa je regija naš drugi najpomembnejši partner z vidika mednarodne menjave in sicer takoj za EU. V regiji so namreč prisotna vsa večja slovenska podjetja, majhna in srednje velika podjetja, ki se osredotočajo na tržne niše, pa prav tako povečujejo svojo prisotnost. “
      Minister Stepišnik,  SAMIT 100, Črna gora 2013
      Življenje vabi vse v ustvarjalni proces. V sodelovanje in skupno kreacijo današnjega in jutrišnjega dne. Spoznanje, da le povezani, lahko kandidiramo za posle, ki omogočajo dovolj dodane vrednosti za razvoj in blaginjo, presega politične okvirje. Lepo je sicer bilo videti in slišati politični vrh Zahodnega Balkana v skupni okrogli mizi, a nam je hkrati dal tudi jasno sporočilo, da brez trdnega gospodarstva, nimajo nobene prave veljave v globalni skupnosti.
      G. Petrovič, koja je bila potreba koja vas je inspirirala za lansiranje Sumit100 događaja?
      Integracija je preduslov rasta i to je primarni motiv inicijative Samita100 biznis lidera regiona. Pojedinačno svaka od naših zemalja u regionu mala je i skoro beznačajna sa stanovišta globalnog tržišta. Strani kapital traži ekonomiju obima (economy of scale) da bi realizovao svoj zahtevani povrat na investiciju – udruživanjem mi postajemo teritorija od 22 miliona stanovnika na bilo koji način vezani za nas da obezbedimo velike projekte i poslove. Več...
      Milan Petrovič, Duško Knežević 
      vir: arhiv Samit100, 2013
      Meni osebno je srečanje pomagalo do naslednjih dodatnih spoznanj:
      1. v globalni skupnosti obstajajo trgi, ki, izven neposrednega, prevladujočega anglo-saškega vpliva, pomembno prispevajo k novi gospodarski podobi sveta: Rusija, deli Bližnjega Vzhoda, Afrika, JV Evropa,
      2. na Balkanu je možen razcvet dveh poslovnih modelov: prvega, ki temelji na konceptu tranzita (telekomunikacije, energetika, promet, ipd) in drugega, ki temelji na sistemskih pristopih v odnosu do ključnih kupcev (gradbeništvo, kmetijstvo, turizem, bančništvo, področja, ki potrebujejo dinamične, izobražene, multijezikovno usposobljene ljudi, ipd.),
      3. skupna zgodovina in balkanski prostor so stkali med ljudmi nevidne vezi, ki na osnovi gospodarskih potreb in tržnih priložnosti nosijo v sebi velik potencial kreacije in uspeha. Naša moč je v neverjetni prilagodljivosti, iznajdljivosti, strokovnosti in iskreni želji po dobrem življenju. Še vedno so objemi med nami pristni, strastni in še vedno nosijo občutek domačnosti, varnosti in zaupanja. Globina slovanske duše, njena izjemna intuicija, strast in empatija so kvalitete današnjega čas. Zato je čas za balkanska partnerstva na temelju gospodarskih interesov in poslovne odličnosti, 
      4. v globalni ekonomiji so za uspeh ključnega pomena šibke mreže, partnerstva, ki temeljijo na potrebi, na konkretnih projektih, dopolnjujočih sposobnostih in preprosti želji po poslovnem uspehu in ustvarjanju družbene blaginje.

      Regija, ki je več desetletij živela močno medsebojno povezana v skupni državi, je posledično razvijala med seboj kompatibilne in dopolnjujoče se kompetence in kapacitete, za njihov pomemben del to velja še danes. Regijo zato moramo znati v dobro vseh ponovno odpreti samo sebi, s tem pa bomo tudi na evropski in globalni ravni postali bolj upoštevanja vreden faktor. 2. Samit 100 Business Leaderjev JV Evrope je pretekli teden postavil in nadgradil pomembne temelje v tej smeri. Najbolj pomembno je, da se sedaj usmerimo v inovativno koncipiranje in realizacijo konkretnih zavezništev denimo v gradbeništvu, ki se že uspešno povezuje v okviru gradbenega konzorcija Feniks, pa v infrastrukturi, energetiki, turizmu…Skupaj smo zagotovo lahko močnejši. 
      Mag. Iztok Seljak, predsednik poslovodnega odbora, Hidria
      Iztok Seljak, Hidria
      vir: arhiv Samit100, 2013
      Naši umetniki, športniki in znanstveniki vedno znova dokazujejo, da je naš način razmišljanja in delovanja izjemno uspešen. Čas je, da to na polno manifestira tudi gospodarstvo. Feniks, kot mreža gradbenih podjetij, ki je kot prva izšla iz dogodka Sumit100, utira optimistično pot gospodarskim povezovanjem Zahodnega Balkana. Naj jim sledi še več gospodarskih navez. Čas je pravi.
      Mednarodni gradbeni konzorcij Feniks, ki združuje preko 45 odličnih slovenskih, srbskih in bosansko-hercegovskih podjetij, z več kot 5 milijardami letnega obsega in preko 30.000 zaposlenimi, je bil ustanovljen konec januarja lani v Beogradu. Pobudnika projekta sta bila srbski PSP Farman in slovenska korporacija Hidria. Že lani so se sprva konzorciju slovenskih in srbskih podjetij pridružila podjetja iz BiH, prav na samitu100 pa se je konzorcij okrepil še s pomembnimi črnogorskimi partnerji. Gre za projekt, katerega namen je predvsem skupen nastop na tretjih trgih (s poudarkom na Rusiji oz. generalno Vzhodni in Jugovzhodni Evropi in Bližnjem in Srednjem Vzhodu).
      Projekt Feniks ima za celotno regijo velik potencial, na kar kaže tudi odločna podpora najvidnejših predstavnikov oblasti vseh sodelujočih držav. V prvem letu delovanja so številne družbe Feniksa že sodelovale na ruskih projektih Feniksovih srbskih partnerjev, zlasti pri Univerzah in hotelih v Sočiju in pri izgradnji znanstveno raziskovalnega središča Skolkovo v Moskvi. V drugem letu delovanja pa Feniks prehaja v konkretne razgovore za projekte v Severni Afriki in na Bližnjem vzhodu. Velik uspeh predstavlja tudi nedavna pridobitev projekta izgradnje stadiona CSKA v Moskvi za svetovno prvenstvo v nogometu leta 2018 s strani PSP Farmana v vrednosti preko 160 milijonov evrov. 
      “Narod si bo pisal sodbo sam, ne vrag mu je ne bo in ne talar” je zapisal veliki slovenski pisatelj Ivan Cankar; svetovljan, ki je siciral slovensko dušo do obisti, jo provociral in ji kazal ogledalo ves čas svojega aktivnega življenja.  Potrebujemo tovrstna ogledala. Da razumemo kdo smo. Da vedno znova lahko iščemo priložnosti za  svoje izboljšave in napredek na osnovi lastne identitete.

      Ponosna sem na svoj narod, na regijo v kateri sem odraščala in iz katere uspešno prodiram v svet. Zaradi lastnih izkušenj in načina razmišljanja prostora. Moč pa mi daje neprestan strokovni napredek.
      Vision: We hold multinational inspiration in our hearts
      Mission: West Balkan Region – the model of emerging thrivable societies
      Vem, da zmoremo! Slovenija, Zahodni Balkan, Balkan in JV Evropa. A brez aktivne vloge bo vse ostal le potencial.  Hvala organizatorjem za povabilo. Hvala za priložnost, da smo lahko še posebej izpostavili pomen medijev, inovacijskega komuniciranja in novinarstva, za uspešen preboj Zahodnega Balkana na globalnih trgih. Naj se iskri naprej in naj naše sposobnosti dobijo polet.

      Okrogla miza: Mediji kao katalizator dogovora za novo doba
      Sonja Šmuc, Branka Đukić, Violeta Bulc, Theodore M. Kyriakou, Ljupčo Zikov
      vir: arhiv Samit100, 2013

      Oj, Violeta

      Več o srečanju najdete tukaj.

      Priporočamo ogled: 

      Kako lahko sodelujemo 
      Kje se lahko srečamo

      Zanimivosti

                  Z intuicijo do inspiracije    
        Izkušnje zadnjih tednov so sooblikovale vsebino, ki jo predstavljamo v novem Aktualno 2.0. Upam, da vam bodo koristile:
        • ko boste sprejemali odločitve o svojih izobraževanjih in usposabljanjih,
        • ko boste dvomili v ideje, s katerimi se boste zjutraj zbudili, jih ujeli na sprehodu, ali jih začutili med pogovorom s poslovnimi partnerji,
        • ko bo vaš pogled drugačen od vsega kar ste slišali do takrat,
        • ko vam ne bo jasno, kaj drugim ni jasno.
        V okviru Vibacomovih treningov in kasneje na Upravnem odboru InCo gibanja, smo povezali dolgoletne izkušnje s področja razvoja inovacijskih ekosistemov in izkušnje zadnjih dveh let s področja razumevanja in razvoja intuicije, v nov poslovni model: celosten model razvoja inovacije – 5I (inspiracija, ideja, invencija, inovacija, izboljšava) (Slika 0). Novi model pokaže na neposredno povezavo med nezavednim in zavednim delovanjem človeka, tako v procesu generiranja idej, odločanja, kot tudi trajnostnega inoviranja.


        Vir: InCo gibanje, 2013
        Ključna sporočila novega spoznanja so (Slika 1):
        • eden od možnih začetkov inovacijskega procesa je navdih (inspiracija), ki pride iz polja nezavednega (drugi lahko pride iz povsem racionalnega pristopa - analize),
        • naravno orodje človeka za povezavo z nezavednim je intuicija,
        • v posameznikovem polju nezavednega so vsa njegova pridobljena znanja, izkušnje, genetski spomin, impulzi trenutnega prostora, elementi kolektivne/planetarne/kozmične zavesti,
        • navdih je povezan s človekovo pripravljenostjo za drugačnost, za spremembo, za novo,
        • svojo odprtost za navdih lahko človek poveča s čiščenjem emocionalnih, duhovnih, energijskih in fizičnih blokad, z zavestnim povečevanjem senzibilnosti čutil, z razvojem polne prisotnosti v trenutku, v katerem se nahaja,
        • vsak korak inovacijskega procesa je hkrati tudi zanka, ki se dinamično vrača v vse prejšnje točke; vsak trenutek spremeni pogoje pod katerimi delujemo, se povezujemo, soustvarjamo, zato je ključno, da smo občutljivi na vse spremembe v nas in okoli nas in na osnovi njihovega vpliva dinamično prilagajamo naše aktivnosti.
        Vir: InCo gibanje, 2013

        Nadaljnji razvoj modela:

        1. na nivoju človeka: področje, ki smo ga ozavestili še dodatno okrepi potrebo po celostnem razvoju posameznika na vseh šestih ravneh njegovega vpenjanja v prostor (Slika 2), njegovega razvoja odnosov z vsem kar človek je in z vsem kar je okoli njega. Pri tem bo poseben izziv uravnotežen razvoj vseh 6 ravni, razumevanje več dimenzionalnega delovanja človeka in razvijanje okolja za njegov razcvet s spoštovanjem potreb ostalih deležnikov prostora/planeta.


         2. na nivoju organizacij/skupnosti: enako velja tudi za organizacije/skupnosti, ki so samostojna bitja in se tudi sama vpenjajo na različnih ravneh v prostor v katerem delujejo. Kot za posameznike, tudi za organizacije velja, da imajo svoje nezavedno. Le-to vpliva na sprejemanje odločitev vseh, ki se v njih povezujejo. Vpliva na njihovo inspiracijo, generiranje idej in oblikovanje inovacij, ki se, ali pa tudi ne, pojavljajo v organizacijskih okoljih. Za uspešno generiranje idej in tržno manifestacijo inovacij je zato pomembno vzdrževanje propustnih in aktivnih organizacijskih odnosov, ki vplivajo na pojav navdiha/inspiracije v dobro organizacije (Slika 3).  Vse to pa je odprto povabilo k oblikovanju novih struktur, poslovnih pristopov in metod dela, ki bodo korak po koraku upoštevala in integrirala nova spoznanja o tem kdo smo in s čim vse smo povezani, na kaj vse imamo vpliv in kaj vse ima vpliv na nas. Posledično sooblikujemo kolektivno zavest – grupumovanje (star slovenski izraz za skupno zdravo pametovanje), ki nas vse dela močnejše.

        3. na nivoju ostalih struktur: nova spoznanja samo še utrjujejo več dimenzionalno vpetost človeka, ne le v intimnem prostoru, ampak tudi v vseh prostorih v katerih se giblje, deluje, sobiva (na geografskih lokacijah, na nivoju države, plemena, interesne skupnosti, planeta). Značilnosti organizacije v odnosu do posameznika veljajo tudi za ta nivo (točka 2). Hkrati je potrebno dodatno izpostaviti povezave med strukturami samimi, ki med seboj ustvarjajo nove povezave in vpetosti. Vsaka struktura ima svoje zavedno in nezavedno polje preko katerega vstopa v odnos z ostalimi strukturami, posledično pa tudi s človekom (Slika 4).


        Zakaj so spoznanja koristna za model trajnostnega inoviranja:

        Za uspešen trajnostni razvoj inovacijskih ekosistemov so pomembne vsaj tri ključne stvari:
        • celosten pristop
        • dinamične strukture, ki zagotavljajo neprestano prilagajanje in ustvarjanje inovativnih prebojev na osnovi avtentičnosti, razumevanja potreb in ustvarjanja vrednosti v dobro deležnikov inovacijskega ekosistema in širše družbe
        • neprestan osebnostni razvoj ljudi, ki so-ustvarjajo v inovacijskem ekosistemu.
        Pri iskanju tovrstnih rešitev nas samo racionalni nivo našega dojemanja pusti na cedilu. Ne zmore visoke stopnje kompleksnosti uvidov in odločanja, ki so potrebni za manifestacijo trajnostno vzdržnih in pozitivnih inovacij. Zato smo dobili priložnost, da prebudimo še eno dodatno orodje, ki nam je naravno dano – intuicijo. Z njeno pomočjo dopolnimo razumsko odločanje, ga obogatimo in našim dejanjem damo trajnostnejšo vrednost, in sicer,  preko poglobljenega dialoga na nivoju  posameznika ali grupumovanja na nivoju struktur.

        Kje so navedena spoznanja koristna in neposredno uporabljiva:
        1. pri oblikovanju vizij razvoja (medstrukturno sodelovanje, participativni modeli)
        2. pri razvoju novih produktov, storitev, rešitev (razumevanje potreb in obnašanj, oblikovanje ponudbe, ki ustvarja vrednost za ciljni segment strank)
        3. pri oblikovanju marketinških strategij (vzpostavljanje odkritega, neposrednega stika s tržnimi nišami, razumevanje resničnih potreb, posredovanje informacij v obliki, ki jo tržna niša razume)
        4. pri oblikovanju timov (razumevanje več dimenzionalnosti posameznikov in iskanju zmagovalne kombinacije za katere odgovornost naj prevzame generator ideje oz. vodja projekta)
        5. pri vzpostavljanju odnosov z dobavitelji znanja, materiala, polizdelkov, ipd. (razumevanje skupnega poslanstva in tržnih potreb, ki jih nagovarjamo)
        6. pri oblikovanju lastne identitete in razumevanju neposrednih in posrednih posledic, ki jih s svojimi dejanji ustvarjamo na vseh ravneh svoje pojavnosti in vpetosti.

        Na koncu naj še enkrat poudarim: intuicija je pomemben kanal, orodje za dostop do nezavednih informacij, ki skupaj z zavednimi pripeljejo do pravih odločitev. Nezavedne informacije hote ali nehote vplivajo na sprejemanje naših odločitev, na pojav inspiracije (navdiha, uvida), na celostno, sistemsko delovanje. Upam, da vam bodo spoznanja pomagala pri oblikovanju stabilnega in trajnostno naravnanega okolja ter koristnih inovacij. Včasih se lahko znajdemo v slepi ulici, včasih imamo občutek, da ničesar ne razumemo. A vse to so le dokazi, da se učimo in ko prebijemo prag frustracij, se odpre novo polje, v katerem lahko uspešno delujemo. Namen današnjega prispevka je bil osvetliti še eno dodatno dimenzijo pri iskanju odgovorov na številna vprašanja, ki se nam pojavljajo tako v zasebnem, poslovnem in družbenem življenju. Naj bodo koraki plodni, radostni, s težo in globino vpliva.
         
        Oj, Violeta


        Priporočamo ogled: 

        Kako lahko sodelujemo 
        Kje se lahko srečamo

        Zanimivosti

                  Prostor in intuicija   
        Ko smo v okviru  InCo gibanja v lanskem letu v prostor umestili celostno odločanje in vlogo intuicije v njem, smo že na začetku začutili, da smo odprli pomembno temo, ki je skupna različnim področjem dela in ustvarjanja. Odnosi med znanjem, izkušnjami in nezavednim  ter njihovimi vplivi na naše odločanje, percepcijo, dojemanje in sprejemanje, so neizmeren vir navdiha, idej, invencij in inovacij. Že samo zavedanje obstoja teh odnosov in njihove pojavnosti v različnih prostorih, nas bogati, nam pomaga razumeti kdo smo in kako se gibljemo in odzivamo. Naš današnji gost neprestano raziskuje prostore, ki nastajajo v odvisnosti od elementov, ki ga definirajo. Odkriva njihova obnašanja, njihove vplive na naše dojemanje in razloge, ki pripeljejo do njihovega nastanka. To je Orova zgodba. Dovolite, da vas prevzame in navdahne. Morda bo tudi zaradi njegovih besed vaš svet bogatejši.

        V: Kdo je Or Ettlinger?
        Or:
        Navdušujejo me kompleksni sistemi in odkrivanje preprostih načel v njihovem ozadju – vzeti nekaj, kar se zdi kompleksno, in to pojasniti, narediti dostopno in uporabno. Gre za način razumevanja sveta, ki ga nasploh zasledujem tako v življenju kakor na različnih področjih mojega zanimanja: v arhitekturi, umetnosti in računalniški tehnologiji, pri ustvarjalnosti, lepoti, digitalnih podobah, v kulturi, pri dizajnu, v osebnem razvoju, glasbi in človeški naravi … Na vsakem od teh področij sem lahko vedno tudi hkrati izvajalec ali teoretik, učitelj ali študent oziroma celo več od teh vlog istočasno. Na nekaterih področjih sem že dosegel dokazane uspehe, na drugih pa še delam na tem.
        Kratek življenjepis
        Dr. Or Ettlinger je vizualni umetnik, teoretik in docent na Fakulteti za arhitekturo Univerze v Ljubjani. Njegovo delo leži na stičišču umetnosti, arhitekture in računalnikov.

        V: Kaj vam pomeni »prostor«?
        Or:
        Prostor je kontekst, v katerem se pojavijo stvari, je ozadje, ki jim omogoči, da se prikažejo in postanejo to, kar so.

        V: Naslov vaše knjige je Arhitektura virtualnega prostora. Kaj vam pomeni virtualni prostor? Kako bi ga opredelili?
        Or:
        S tem vprašanjem sem se dolgo časa ukvarjal in pri tem tako študijsko kakor praktično predelal različna povezana področja. Na koncu je to pripeljalo do razumevanja virtualnega prostora, ki se precej razlikuje od večine splošno sprejetih tovrstnih pogledov. Virtualnega prostora namreč ne obravnavam v povezavi z računalniško tehnologijo, niti ga ne vidim kot še enega sveta imaginacije in mi ne pomeni splošnega načina govorjenja o stvareh, ki sicer obstajajo, a so precej neotipljive. Vsi ti so lahko koristni kot metafore, toda sam sem želel najti konsistentnejšo opredelitev tega, kar naj bi nakazovale te metafore.

        Zato sem virtualni prostor namesto tega začel prvenstveno obravnavati kot vizualni pojav: vizualni svet, ki ga doživljamo in je ločen tako od fizičnega prostora okoli nas kakor od mentalnega prostora naše domišljije. Ali z drugimi besedami, gre za slikovne podobe različnih vrst – slike, fotografije, TV, filmi, video igrice, itd. Kadarkoli pogledamo kakšno od njih, se v osnovi ponovi isto: gledamo fizičen predmet z določenim vzorcem na njem, vendar vzorca sploh ne zaznamo. Pač pa preko vzorca vidimo prostor in predmete, za katere se zdi, da stojijo znotraj, v  tem prostoru. Prostor, ki ga tako vidimo, čeprav tam fizično ne obstaja, je tisto, kar pojmujem kot virtualni prostor.

        V: Kje vidite glavne razlike med fizičnim prostorom in virtualnim prostorom? Kaj so dejavniki razlikovanja?
        Or:
        No, kot prvo, prvi prostor JE fizičen, drugi pa je samo VIDETI fizičen, čeprav ni. Toda samo bistvo virtualnega prostora je v  tem, da mora, vsaj deloma, poustvariti videz fizičnosti, da sploh lahko obstaja. Drugače je vzorec, skozi katerega virtualni prostor vidimo, zgolj vzorec in ne postane nič drugega.

        Seveda fizični prostor tudi vsebuje nas – fizična živa bitja – virtualni prostor pa ne. V virtualni prostor ne moremo stopiti dobesedno (kljub številnim tovrstnim fantazijam v popularni kulturi), toda mentalno se nedvomno z njim lahko ukvarjamo na številnih ravneh. Mnoge vrste umetnosti so skozi stoletja poskušale najti način, kako ustvariti tovrstno izkušnjo. Nikakor ne velja, da so se te reči pojavile šele nedavno, v času računalniške tehnologije, kot se morda zdi danes.

        V: Kaj pa slikarska umetnost ali novi mediji? Za kakšno izkušnjo gre?
        Or:
        Med starimi in novimi mediji tozadevno ne vidim razlike. Gre le za različne tehnike uresničevanja istega učinka. Napeto platno s skrbno nanesenim barvnim vzorcem nam lahko omogoči, da skozi njega vidimo nekaj, česar ni na samem platnu. Na podoben način lahko na zid projeciran digitalno ustvarjen razpored barvnih točk doseže povsem isti učinek. Oba medija nas lahko tako mentalno kakor emocionalno zaposlita na isti način. Seveda gre pri obeh za povsem drugačne tehnične značilnosti in kulturni izvor, zato so upravičeno predmet različnih teoretičnih pristopov. Toda v obeh primerih vizualne upodobitve je rezultat izkušnja prostora, kjer fizično ni nobenega prostora.

        Photo: The cover of  book
        “The Architecture of Virtual Space”
        Source: Or  Ettlinger
        V: Ali menite, da imata fizični prostor in virtualni prostor podoben učinek na ljudi?
        Or:
        Da in ne. Fizični prostor ima zelo neposreden, takojšen učinek na nas. Ne moremo ne biti v fizičnem prostoru. Toda njegove prisotnosti se lahko zavedamo do različne mere. Virtualni prostor pomeni drugačno vrsto prisotnosti in čeprav se v njem ne nahajamo dobesedno, nas izkustveno še vedno zaobjema v večji ali manjši meri. Na primer, ko gledamo film, svojo pozornost iz fizičnega prostora, v katerem se nahajamo, aktivno scela preusmerimo na lokacije, predstavljene v virtualnem prostoru.

        Toda tudi ko na zasneženi ulici stopimo mimo reklamnega panoja s sliko palme na plaži v soncu, se, ne glede na to, ali se tega zavedamo ali ne, naša ulica vizualno razširi in vključi tudi virtualni prostor. Virtualen ni v smislu, da prikazana plaža nikjer ne obstaja, ampak da prav tukaj fizično ne obstaja. Seveda je mogoče, da v resnici točno v tej obliki ne obstaja nikjer, toda dovolj je že to, da nas mentalno zaposli in se nas vsaj do določene mere živo dotakne. Če oglaševalcem uspe njihov namen, nas celo zbode, da se namesto tukaj zdaj tam ne nahajamo tudi fizično.

        V:  Kako pa je z odzivom ljudi? Zakaj se v različnih prostorih počutimo bolje ali slabše. Ali arhitekti upoštevajo občutljivost ljudi?
        Or:
        Nekateri arhitekti se tem stvarem posvečajo bolj, drugi manj. Eni se pri oblikovanju stavbe posvečajo predvsem tehnološko ustrezni konstrukciji, druge bolj zanima funkcionalna učinkovitost, tretje pa kulturni vtis, za katerega so prepričani, da ga morajo podati. So tudi taki, ki nedvomno upoštevajo človekovo počutje v zgradbi ali izven nje. Predvsem v bolj tradicionalnih formah arhitekture je bilo upoštevanje udobnosti življenjskega prostora inherenten del oblikovanja, zato ga ni bilo treba zavestno upoštevati v tolikšni meri kot danes. Toda zaradi drugih zadev, ki so jim začeli dajati prednost, je bil v zadnjih sto letih ta nekoč samoumeven vidik oblikovanja potisnjen vstran in mnogi arhitekti so ga preprosto prezrli.

        V: Kaj mislite, katere prvine imajo največji vpliv na razmerje med prostorom in ljudmi? Morda nam lahko kaj več poveste o svojih izkušnjah pri projektu, ki ste ga izvedeli s svojimi študenti in temelji na znanstveno fantastičnem romanu, po katerem ste oblikovali arhitekturo za film po omenjeni predlogi.
        Or:
        Projekt je temeljil na knjigi Isaaca Asimova Konec večnosti, zgodbi, ki se na Zemlji v prihodnosti odvija v različnih obdobjih med leti 7000 in 250000. Gre za čas, ki je tako oddaljen od našega, da nič iz zgodovine ali današnjih špekulacij o prihodnosti ni relevantnega za oblikovanje v tistem času. Poleg tega se deli zgodbe dogajajo povsem izven časa. Menim, da je bil to skrajen oblikovalski izziv.

        V: Kako pa se sploh lotite takega projekta? Katere prvine uporabite v enačbi?
        Or:
        Takega projekta ni mogoče izvesti brez velikega obrata v načinu dojemanja, saj študente šele ta lahko popelje onkraj obstoječih vzorcev mišljenja. Zaradi tega je tudi tako zanimiv in vzgojen. Ena od glavnih težav pri študiju arhitekture – ali vsake druge ustvarjalne poklice – je, da je večina izobraževalnih programov osredotočena na to, kako izdelati uresničljiv projekt. Precej manj pozornosti pa je ponavadi posvečeno samim postopkom ustvarjanja idej in vizij, ki ženejo projekt. Namen projekta je bil izzvati domišljijo študentov in okrepiti njihovo sposobnost, da imajo ves čas pred sabo mentalno sliko nastajajočega projekta.

        V našem konkretnem primeru je šlo prej za iskanje dejavnikov, ki vplivajo na arhitekturo različnih kultur in obdobij, kakor pa zgolj za osredotočenje na vizualen vtis oziroma 'slog'. Zato smo najprej preštudirali različna obdobja in prostore v človeški zgodovini, proučili njihove glavne vrednote in takratno razumevanje vloge arhitekture. Potem so študenti na podlagi Asimove knjige začeli sami izumljati vrednote različnih kultur, ki se pojavljajo v zgodbi, in oblikovali njim ustrezno razumevanje, čemu služi arhitektura in kako se povezuje z njimi. Od tu dalje pa je domišljija študentov kar poletela …

        Photo: A home in the 482nd Century (developed from the book
        "The End of Eternity" by Isaac Asimov)
        Source: Or  Ettlinger

        V: Nam lahko zaupate kakšno od teh prvin?
        Or:
        Ne gre za formulo. Ta konkreten postopek lahko na primer dojamemo, če poskušamo razumeti, zakaj je arhitektura v našem času takšna, kakršna je. Videti sebe od zunaj je najtežja naloga, toda če današnji čas primerjamo, recimo, z obdobjem izpred dveh tisoč let, bomo takoj videli, da danes vladar ni ne Bog ne cesar, temveč ekonomija. Ko govorimo o vsakdanjih stanovanjskih blokih ali nezaslišano razkošnih hotelih, je jasno, da oboje žene ekonomija – drugače jih sploh ne bi zgradili.

        Poleg tega pa živimo v času, ki je scela osredotočen na posameznikov 'jaz' in se posveča samo zadovoljevanju njegovih potreb in kapric. Orodje, ki to omogoča, je tehnologija. To so torej nekatere od bistvenih prvin, ki določajo sodobno civilizacijo in s tem tudi arhitekturo: ekonomija, individualnost, tehnologija. Če bi si radi nazorno zamislili oddaljeno prihodnost, ne da bi spremenili danes prevladujoč način mišljenja, potem bo vse, karkoli bomo ustvarili, še vednovideti kot produkt poznega 20. ali zgodnjega 21. stoletja.
        Photo: A view from the 2456th Century
        (developed from the book "The End of Eternity" by Isaac Asimov)
        Source: Or  Ettlinger
        V: Ali menite, da obstaja zveza med oblikovanjem prostora in intuicijo? Z intuicijo mislim način, da nekaj dojamemo, ne da bi se zavestno zavedali postopka, kako se je to zgodilo?
        Or:
        Nedvomno. Naša zmožnost, da svet dojemamo onkraj verbalne analize in čutnih vtisov, je del tega, da smo ljudje. Stopnjo te naše zmožnosti prav tako določa prostor, v katerem živimo. Ali ta vzpodbuja ta način dojemanja ali ga zavira? Vzemimo za primer običajno pisarniško zgradbo v nasprotju z gorsko kočo. Vsaka od njiju na plan prikliče povsem drugačen vidik tega, kdo smo.

        V: Proti koncu vaše knjige se zahvalite mnogim navdihujočim prostorom, kjer ste ure in ure raziskovali. Knjižnice, kavarne, čitalnica v Narodni in univerzitetni knjižnici, in celo Plečnikove klopi v parku … Kako bi opisali svoj odnos do teh prostorov?
        Or:
        Priskrbeli so mi kontekst, v katerem sem lahko začel ustvarjati, mi dali duševni mir in me navdihnili. V njih sem začutil, da sem sam svoj človek, poln svojih idej, omogočili so mi, da sem se lahko zbral in samo ustvarjal.

        V: Kaj je posebnega v teh prostorih, da to omogočijo?
        Or:
        Kot prvo, ne vem. Gre za intuitivno občutje. Preprosto začutim prostore, ki me navdihujejo, zato grem raje tja, ne pa drugam. Če me prosite, da natančneje premislim, potem lahko začnem iskati razlage, o katerih lahko razpravljamo na treh ravneh. Prvič, v takšnem prostoru verjetno vlada določeno ravnotežje med naravnim in umetnim, gre za določena razmerja, izbor materialov in tako dalje. To so tehnični dejavniki. Druga raven je, kaj vse lahko ti tehnični dejavniki prikličejo. To se dogaja na ravni določenih občutij, na primer, sproščenosti, občutka varnosti, ali močnega občutka, da si živ. Tretja raven je, kaj lahko takšna izkušnja vzbudi pri različnih ljudeh, na primer, bodisi ustvarjalnost in produktivnost (v mojem primeru) bodisi ravnodušje in dolgčas (v primeru nekaterih drugih, morda).

        V: Kje je po vašem mnenju naslednji veliki izziv v arhitekturi?
        Or:
        V preteklosti je med izzive spadalo poskrbeti za domovanja množic, razviti cenejše in hitrejše gradbene tehnologije, bolj nedavno pa začeti graditi energetsko varčne hiše, ki ne škodujejo okolju. Mislim, da bo naslednji izziv za arhitekturo, kako vse te pomembne dosežke združiti z bolj človeškimi kvalitetami, ki jih je starejša arhitektura imela a jih je izgubila, ker je poskušala zadovoljiti te zahteve. Obstaja že nekaj neuspelih poskusov, da bi uresničili ta pričakovanja, zaradi katerih je vse skupaj postalo še toliko težje, a prepričan sem, da gre za izziv, ki ga je kljub vsemu vredno zasledovati.

        V preteklih formah arhitekture je prisotno nekaj, kar nagovarja našo intuicijo, prebuja naše čute in izraža trajnost – teh razsežnosti pogosto ni mogoče najti v sodobni arhitekturi. Ne gre za vidni slog ali oblikovne prvine, temveč za bistvene kvalitete, ki jih utelešajo. Ne vidim pa razloga, da arhitektura v prihodnje ne bi iznašla načina, kako spet združiti te izgubljene kvalitete z dosežki preteklega stoletja in omogočiti, da bi učinkovali kot celota – ne le v primeru določenih arhitektov, ampak kot splošno uveljavljena praksa.



        Hvala Or. Se že veselimo raziskovanja te teme z vami na naslednjem InCo dogodku.


        Priporočamo ogled: 

        Kako lahko sodelujemo 
          Kje se lahko srečamo

          Zanimivi prispevki
          Novica
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          Zanimivosti

                      I en skog av sumak, del 7 av 56   
            Roman av Klas Östergren. Historien utspelar sig i ett Sverige i Vietnamkrigets skugga. Berättaren Kenneth Jansson blir vän med den nye, gåtfulle klasskamraten Dan Schoultze och hans syster Hellen. De bor ensamma i ett hus, omgivet av en vildvuxen sumakskog.
                      David Lamelas: time zones   
            David Lamelas (Image: Andreas Gegner)


            The conceptual art pioneer David Lamelas has used sculpture, photography, film and live performance to explore space and time since the 1960s. He attracted widespread attention in 1968 when, aged just 21, he represented Argentina at the Venice Biennale, making the work Office of Information About the Vietnam War at Three Levels, which used a desk, a chair and a telex that received constant updates on the Vietnam war, relayed live by a news reader. He then studied at St Martins School of Art in London in Anthony Caros sculpture department, where he made his first film. He showed in the Documenta 5 exhibition in 1972 and is back for Documenta 14 this year in Kassel and Athens, with a version of his ongoing project Time as Activity. Next, he has two shows opening in Los Angeles in September, including a career survey as part of the Gettys Pacific Standard Time (PST) LA/LA.


            The Art Newspaper: Pacific Standard Time focuses on Latin American and Latino art in dialogue with Los Angeles, yet national identity seems a fluid concept for you.


            David Lamelas: Nationality is not that important to me. When I moved from Argentina to London in the late 1960s I became this British artist, and then when I moved from London to Los Angeles in the mid-1970s I had to rebuild an identity; I had no idea what the United States was about and they had no idea about who I was or my previous work. Opening myself up to a new culture was very exciting, and little by little I became an Angeleno and left my London base behind. But it has always stayed in my heart. I never really leave any of the places I live. Now, having this show is forcing me to think about my work and all these comings and goings between Argentina, Los Angeles, London and Europe. In a way, the past becomes the present and, as you know, I am very interested in memory and the dimension of time.


            Your Pacific Standard Time show includes work from the 1960s up to recently made pieces. How did you decide what to select?


            When I was in London I wrote ten points to follow in my work; one was that it has to have its own identity and evolve naturally. Like when a child evolves into a grown-up and then into an older person, I wanted my work to have its own consciousness and a life of its own, separate from mine. Some of the works in the retrospective have evolved into grown-ups but there are also some that are still children; I love them, too, because they are my young works. And Im still a child.


            What was the thinking behind your piece at the Venice Biennale in 1968?


            I always liked reading newspapers and following world politics. The most important political issue at that moment was the Vietnam War. So I decided to make a display that exposed how the information about the Vietnam War gets disseminated throughout the world. The work was about systems of information rather than a comment about the war itself. But one thing leads into another. I wanted to show what was going on in the real world, and changing that into art was what really fascinated me.


            How were you drawn to the complex notions of time, space, dematerialisation and memory that run through your work?


            At art school in Buenos Aires it was a very traditional training, but I was always interested in social issues and expanding the idea of an artists work. I have always connected my work with all the things that interested mepolitics, architecture, cinema, musicand felt that I should expand my thoughts around other areas to question what art is. When I was a teenager I used to go to the British Council library where I was familiar with Studio International magazine and so knew what was going on in England. I also went to the Lincoln Library where they had American newspapers and magazines. I was also lucky that it was a more progressive time in Argentina. Just for a small number of years there were one or two presidents who were democratically elected; it was a brief moment of hope and freedom when the young and their ideas were well received. It was at this time that a few curators started to pay attention to my work.


            After the Biennale you studied sculpture at St Martins. How important was that time?


            Talking about it now, my skin shivers with emotion. I arrived at just the right moment when there was the move from the British sculpture of the 1950s and 1960s to a new conceptualism. I had the seeds of this within me, and it was like a tree that just grew and grew. One of the things I loved about that time was that there was no competition; we were all one and the idea was to move ahead with a new perception of art. To this day, I feel thankful for what happened to me in London.


            So why did you leave for Los Angeles?


            Claire Copley Gallery asked me to show in LA and I thought it was the right moment. Although I was very happy in London, by then I felt conceptual art had gone into a cul-de-sac. Id started working in film as soon as I first arrived in London and thought that moving to the US and opening myself to a new culture would expand my workand myself. I made The Desert People there but went back to London for the post-production.


            How was the Los Angeles scene in comparison to London?


            I didnt understand that, in Hollywood, film is entertainment. I wanted to make my conceptual films, but I came up in front of a wall. So I decided to make my own independent, small films rather than going around town having lunches and trying to get money. Ive nothing against entertainment, but my departure point is different. In fact, Im just about to go back to LA to make a new film, which Im very excited about.


            David Lamelas: a Life of Their Own, University Art Museum at California State University Long Beach, 17 September-10 December; David Lamelas, Sprth Magers, Los Angeles, 5 September-4 November



                      BERCUTI KE VIETNAM 24HB-27HB MAC 2014.   

             Saya bersama isyeri dan 14 orang guru dan kakitangan sekolah telah mengadakan lawatan ke Vietnam
            selama 4H3M. 


            Sampai di Ho Chi Minh City Airport, kami terus ke Hotel Eden Garden dan berehat dahulu.
            Petsng baru berjalan-jalan dahulu.










                      Hoa Kỳ kêu gọi Việt Nam thả ngay 'Mẹ Nấm'   

            Bản quyền hình ảnhFB NGUYEN NGOC NHU QUYNHImage captionBộ Ngoại giao Mỹ yêu cầu Việt Nam thả Mẹ Nấm ngay lập tức

            Bộ Ngoại giao Hoa Kỳ "vô cùng quan ngại" về việc Việt Nam kết án Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh, tức blogger Mẹ Nấm.

            Trong buổi họp báo tại Bộ Ngoại giao Hoa Kỳ, sáng 29/6, người phát ngôn Heather Nauert nói với báo giới Hoa Kỳ, "Quỳnh đã bị tuyên án 10 năm với một bản án mơ hồ về tội chống phá nhà nước. Cách đây không lâu, cô đã được vinh danh Phụ nữ Quốc tế Dũng cảm bởi Phu nhân Tổng thống Melania Trump."

            Bà Nauert kêu gọi Việt Nam "thả Mẹ Nấm và tất cả những tù nhân lương tâm khác ngay lập tức và cho phép các cá nhân Việt Nam quyền tự do biểu đạt và hội họp mà không sợ bị trả đũa."

            Mẹ Nấm ra tòa và đạo luật 'Magnitsky toàn cầu'

            Mẹ Nấm bị tuyên án 10 năm tù

            Blogger Mẹ Nấm ‘không khuất tất giải thưởng’

            Bà Nauert nói mặc dù "Việt Nam đã có một số bước tiến tích cực về nhân quyền thì xu hướng gia tăng các vụ bắt giữ và kết tội những người biểu tình ôn hòa từ đầu 2016 rất đáng quan ngại."

            "Tiến bộ về nhân quyền sẽ giúp mối quan hệ song phương Mỹ-Việt đat được tiềm năng tối đa," bà nói.

            Ủy ban Bảo vệ Nhà báo tại Washington (CPJ) thì nói "cách đối xử tàn nhẫn của Việt Nam với những nhà báo như Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh là một nỗi xấu hổ cho các nhà cầm quyền."

            "Quỳnh đáng ra không phải chịu một ngày nào sau song sắt. Tuyên án 10 năm tù chỉ vì những bài viết của cô là sự bất công đáng kinh tởm."

            Bản quyền hình ảnhUS STATE DEPARTMENTImage captionMẹ Nấm đã không thể có mặt để nhận giải Phụ nữ Quốc tế Quả cảm do Đệ nhất Phu Nhân Melania Trump trao tặng hồi tháng 5

            Phản ứng trước bản án, bà Nguyễn Tuyết Lan, mẹ của blogger Mẹ Nấm, nói bản án này là một "đòn thù" và gia đình sẽ kháng án.

            Nói với BBC từ Bangkok hôm 30/06, bà Tuyết Lan kể lại gia cảnh và trao đổi ngắn với con gái trước phiên xử:

            "Khoảng không trước mắt tôi mênh mông u ám lắm…An ninh Khánh Hòa tới nhà tôi nói vô thăm Quỳnh, đầu giờ chiều tôi dẫn Nấm đi.

            Gấu đang bị tốn thương quá nhiều. Đi học về không thấy mẹ. Về nhà nó cứ đi tìm mẹ, nếu không thấy nó rất hoảng sợ. ..Quỳnh dặn Nấm là phải chăm học, phải viết nhật ký hàng ngày.."

            Tôi đi cho dù bị giết bị đánh đập. Khi tới cổng thì họ xô tôi ra, tôi hất tay tôi đi vô. Tôi đi vào phòng sát bên. Tôi không được ngồi chung với con tôi. Tôi chỉ thấy Quỳnh qua màn hình. Cuối giờ xử, tôi có nói hãy cho tôi ra gặp con tôi một chút, họ không cho. Họ đi hết, tôi là người ra sau cùng của cái phòng đó.

            Nấm về Nấm buồn lắm.. Hôm qua đi xử Quỳnh về, Nấm hỏi rồi ra sao rồi bà. Tôi mới nói 'Khi con học đại học, ra trường mẹ con với bà cháu mình mới sống với nhau'. Nấm mới nói, thôi bây giờ con sẽ đi nhà thờ, cầu nguyện riêng cho mẹ, rồi Nấm đi..."

            Ở trong nước, một số cá nhân là luật sư, nhà hoạt động và người dân thường cũng đã lên tiếng phản ứng trước bản án của Mẹ Nấm.

            Luật sư Vũ Văn Hải nói ông "khâm phục và ngưỡng mộ" Mẹ Nấm.

            "Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh đã bị toà sơ thẩm kết án 10 năm tù, quá bất nhẫn đối với người mẹ đơn thân có hai con nhỏ. Mặc dù đối mặt với bản án nặng nề, nhưng Mẹ Nấm vẫn ngẩng đầu, khẳng định mình đã lựa chọn hành động đúng vì tương lai nước Việt, trong đó có tương lai hai con chị. Rất nhiều người Việt, trong đó có tôi khâm phục và ngưỡng mộ chị," luật sư Hải viết trên Facebook.

            Bản quyền hình ảnhGETTY IMAGESImage captionMẹ Nấm đã bị tuyên án 10 năm tù hôm 29/6

            Còn luật sư Lê Công Định, cũng là một cựu tù nhân lương tâm thì bình luận:

            "Bản án 10 năm tù thật bất ngờ với tôi. Không phải vì tính chất phi nhân tàn bạo của nhà cầm quyền đối với một bà mẹ trẻ đơn thân, mà bởi tôi không ngờ đảng cầm quyền hoảng loạn đến mức như vậy. Có vẻ càng ngày nhịp độ hoảng loạn càng gia tăng.

            "Tuy nhiên, có một điều quan trọng, không phải chế độ này có thể tồn tại thêm ít nhất 9 năm nữa để có thể giam cầm chị Mẹ Nấm hay không, mà chắc chắn trong cuộc đời của mình, chị sẽ có dịp nhìn thấy sự cáo chung của chế độ đã kết án chị."

            Một số độc giả cũng bình luận trong bài đăng trên Facebook "Mẹ Nấm bị tuyên án 10 năm tù" của BBC:

            Một số người thì cho rằng bản án này là thỏa đáng:


            Truyền thông chính thống nói gì?

            Báo chí tại Việt Nam cũng dẫn lại cáo trạng. Báo Vietnamnet viết:

            "Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh sử dụng facebook cá nhân soạn thảo, đăng tải, chia sẻ nhiều bài viết có nội dung sai sự thật, không có căn cứ, xuyên tạc, đả kích, nói xấu đường lối, chính sách của Đảng, pháp luật của Nhà nước;"

            "Xuyên tạc lịch sử cách mạng Việt Nam, chia rẽ khối đoàn kết dân tộc; đưa ra cái nhìn bi quan một chiều, gây hoang mang lo lắng, làm ảnh hưởng đến lòng tin của quần chúng nhân dân đối với sự lãnh đạo đất nước của Đảng, sự điều hành, quản lý xã hội của Nhà nước; tuyên truyền, kích động chống lại Nhà nước, gây phương hại đến an ninh quốc gia, trật tự an toàn xã hội."

            Trước phiên xử, báo Nhân Dân có bài với tựa Vì sao Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh bị đưa ra xét xử. Bài này cáo buộc Như Quỳnh làm điều mà họ gọi là "soạn thảo, đăng tải, chia sẻ và nhiều bài viết trong đó có nội dung sai sự thật, đả kích, nói xấu Đảng và Nhà nước Việt Nam, xuyên tạc lịch sử cách mạng Việt Nam, chia rẽ khối đại đoàn kết dân tộc, qua đó tác động, làm ảnh hưởng tới lòng tin của nhân dân đối với sự lãnh đạo của Đảng, Nhà nước".

            Blogger Mẹ Nấm, tên thật là Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh, bị bắt giam từ tháng 10/2016 vì tội Tuyên truyền chống Nhà nước CHXHCN Việt Nam theo Điều 88 Bộ Luật Hình sự.

            Công an tỉnh Khánh Hòa khi bắt bà Quỳnh cáo buộc bà đã "soạn thảo, đăng tải, chia sẻ nhiều bài viết, video có nội dung chống đối đường lối, chính sách của Đảng và Nhà nước; bôi nhọ các cá nhân..."

            Trước đó bà cũng đã bị bắt nhiều lần vì tham gia các hoạt động dân sự, đòi dân quyền, biểu tình phản đối Trung Quốc chiếm biển đảo tại Biển Đông, và phản đối tập đoàn Formosa của Đài Loan trong vụ việc cá chết hàng loạt tại miền Trung.

            Bà là điều phối viên của mạng lưới Blogger Việt Nam, thành viên của các tổ chức "Người Việt yêu nước" và "Tuyên bố công dân tự do".

            Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh được Tổ chức Theo dõi Nhân quyền trao giải Hellman Hammett năm 2010 dành cho những người cầm bút bảo vệ tự do ngôn luận.

            Năm 2015, Tổ chức Bảo vệ Quyền Dân sự trao cho Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh Giải thưởng Của Năm.

            Tháng Ba năm 2017, bà được nhận giải Những Người Phụ nữ Quốc tế Can đảm của Bộ Ngoại giao Hoa kỳ.

            BBC

                       Bản án 10 năm cho blogger Mẹ Nấm là bất công   
            Thanh Trúc, phóng viên RFA

            Blogger Mẹ Nấm Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh tại một tòa án ở thành phố Nha Trang 
            vào ngày 29 tháng 6 năm 2017.  AFP photo

            Bản án 10 năm tù mà Tòa án nhân dân tỉnh Khánh Hòa tuyên quyết đối với blogger Mẹ Nấm Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh chiều 29 tháng 6 bị nhiều cư dân mạng và những người quan tâm trong cũng như ngoài nước cho là một phán quyết phi lý và vô cảm trước những nguyện vọng chính đáng của người dân.

            Không ngạc nhiên và không mong đợi điều gì tốt đẹp từ phiên xử Mẹ Nấm là cảm tưởng của chị Đặng Bích Phượng, một cư dân Hà Nội người từng tự ra ứng cử vào quốc hội năm ngoái:

            Mẹ Nấm chỉ là một trong những người dám lên tiếng bày tỏ và thực hiện quyền tự do ngôn luận của mình thôi, mình thấy sao thì mình nói vậy. Những gì Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh làm thì rất nhiều người làm. Ta hãy nhìn xem những điều Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh nói và làm thì có bao nhiêu người làm như vậy, có bao nhiêu người nói như vậy, tại sao lại chỉ kết án một mình Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh. Ý tôi muốn nói cái này nó là cả một quá trình, nếu kết án Như Quỳnh với những tội danh như vậy thì phải kết án rất nhiều người, hàng triệu người Việt Nam chứ không phải chỉ một mình Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh.

            Thật sự bây giờ không biết dùng từ gì để mà nói nữa, một phụ nữ tranh đấu ôn hòa như thế mà bị 10 năm tù.
            - Nhà hoạt động Hoàng Hùng

            Từ Cộng Hòa Czech, nhà hoạt động dân chủ Hoàng Hùng, bảo anh không biết nói gì ngoài sự ngán ngẩm:

            Rất là sốc! Chế độ này như một con thú bị dồn đến chân tường rồi và nó đang lồng lộn đang cắn tất cả mọi thứ, cảm tưởng của tôi là như thế. Thật sự bây giờ không biết dùng từ gì để mà nói nữa, một phụ nữ tranh đấu ôn hòa như thế mà bị 10 năm tù.

            Từ California, Hoa Kỳ, nhạc sĩ kiêm blogger Bùi Thanh Tuấn cho biết:

            Mười năm tù với tôi là bản án bất công, nó chà đạp hoàn toàn lên luật pháp của một xã hội mà bao nhiêu người dân mong muốn tiến bộ. Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh đấu tranh cực kỳ ôn hòa, cô ấy chỉ muốn điều tốt đẹp cho nước Việt, chỉ muốn giữ biển đảo và biển sạch, cá sạch... Mười năm tù đối với một đời người là lấy mất tương lai của họ, hơn nữa là 2 đứa con bơ vơ, nhà không có đàn ông. Đó là sự tàn nhẫn, vô nhân đạo và man rợ.

            Blogger Mẹ Nấm Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh tại một tòa án ở thành phố Nha Trang 
            vào ngày 29 tháng 6 năm 2017. AFP photo


            Theo nhà hoạt động Nguyễn Hồ Nhật Thành, nói với đài Á Châu Tự Do từ Sài Gòn:

            Thật sự là tôi đã sốc khi buổi sáng nghe Viện Kiểm Sát đề nghị mức án 8 tới 10 năm tù, đến chiều nghe tuyên án 10 năm thì không còn biết dùng từ nào để diễn tả sự phi nhân của bản án này. Rõ ràng một người bình thường khi đọc bản cáo trạng thì thấy nội dung họ đưa ra hoàn toàn thiếu cơ sở, vô lý hết mức khi căn cứ vào những hoạt động rất ôn hòa của chị Quỳnh để kết một bản án rất nặng.

            Họ thông qua bản án của chị Quỳnh để nhằm cảnh cáo những người đang lên tiếng. Cá nhân tôi nghĩ bản án này gây bức xúc nhưng chính cái bất xúc đó làm tăng động lực cho mình và cho anh em bất chấp sự đàn áp để mà tham gia đấu tranh dân chủ và nhân quyền cho Việt Nam.

            Những gì cô ấy làm đều đề cao giá trị phổ quát của nhân loại. Họ cần bảo vệ chế độ nhưng cách bảo vệ chế độ của họ quá là cực đoan.
            _ Nhà văn Đoàn bảo Châu

            Tiếp lời nhà hoạt động Nguyễn Hồ Nhật Thành, bạn trẻ Huỳnh Thành Phát khẳng định:

            Mười năm tù đối với chị Quỳnh phải gọi là một bản án khốn nạn vì chị Quỳnh chỉ đấu tranh bảo vệ môi trường. Nếu đặt vấn đề mình phải chịu bản án giống chị tôi sẽ không chùn bước bởi vì một ngày nào đó tôi và con cháu tôi sẽ được tự do.

            Mẹ Nấm- Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh là tiếng nói đấu tranh mạnh mẽ cho quyền con người tại Việt Nam, cũng là một trong những người thành lập Mạng lưới Blogger Việt Nam, vì thế bị trù dập, bắt bớ, tù đày là chuyện không thể tránh khỏi, là phát biểu của chị Kim Thu, dân oan nhiều lần vào tù ra khám ở trong nước và nay đang định cư tại miền Tây nước Mỹ:

            Quá nặng nề cay nghiệt với những nhà tranh đấu chỉ đòi hỏi công lý và sự thật đang diễn ra hàng ngày trong nước. Nhà cầm quyền Việt Nam đã dựa vào luật rừng và luật riêng của họ, dù áp lực thế nào đi chăng nữa mà việc họ thích thì họ cứ tuyên, để cho thế giới thấy được bộ mặt thật của đảng cộng sản chứ không có gì hết.

            Nhà văn Đoàn bảo Châu cũng có ý kiến:

            Không phải riêng tôi mà rất nhiều người bày tỏ sự phẫn nộ bởi bản án quá khắc nghiệt, quá dã man. Những gì cô ấy làm đều đề cao giá trị phổ quát của nhân loại. Họ cần bảo vệ chế độ nhưng cách bảo vệ chế độ của họ quá là cực đoan. Tâm trạng của tôi là sốc, phẫn nộ, ghê tởm trước một bản án dã man đối với một phụ nữ đơn thân, nuôi 2 con, có mẹ già.

            Đó suy nghĩ của những người được hỏi ý kiến về bản án 10 năm mà Tòa án tỉnh Khánh Hòa tuyên cho blogger Mẹ Nấm Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh chiều ngày 29 tháng 6.

            Đường dây viễn liên của đài ACTD được nối về tỉnh Khánh Hòa, xin gặp viên chức chánh văn phòng Ủy Ban Nhân Dân tỉnh để hỏi ý kiến về vụ xử công dân Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh trong ngày 29 tháng 6 nhưng rất tiếc vị này không bắt máy.

            RFA

                      When He Could not Find His Original 1970 Oldsmobile Cutlass S W-31, He Did the Next Best Thing—Found Its Twin!   

            In 1969, Peter Flemming was residing in Vietnam courtesy of our good ol’ Uncle Sam… Read More

            The post When He Could not Find His Original 1970 Oldsmobile Cutlass S W-31, He Did the Next Best Thing—Found Its Twin! appeared first on Hot Rod Network.


                      Consortium News — [Robert] Parry Awarded Gellhorn Journalism Prize   

            Congratulations. Well deserved.
            The Martha Gellhorn Prize for Journalism recognizes these honorable exceptions. It is very different from other prizes. Let me quote in full why we give this award:

            “The Gellhorn Prize is in honor of one of the 20th century’s greatest reporters. It is awarded to a journalist whose work has penetrated the established version of events and told an unpalatable truth – a truth validated by powerful facts that expose what Martha Gellhorn called ‘official drivel.’ She meant establishment propaganda.”
            Martha was renowned as a war reporter. Her dispatches from Spain in the 1930s and D-Day in 1944 are classics. But she was more than that. As both a reporter and a committed humanitarian, she was a pioneer: one of the first in Vietnam to report what she called “a new kind of war against civilians”: a precursor to the wars of today.
            She was the reason I was sent to Vietnam as a reporter. My editor had spread across his desk her articles that had run in the Guardianand the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. A headline read, “Targeting the people.” For that series, she was placed on a blacklist by the U.S. military and never allowed to return to South Vietnam.
            Consortium News
            Parry Awarded Gellhorn Journalism Prize

            See also

            Consortium News
            NYT Finally Retracts Russia-gate Canard
            Robert Parry




                      Educación: de cal y de arena   

            Es cierto: ha habido cambios importantes, no sólo en el terreno de la cobertura, sino en el del mejoramiento de la calidad. Aunque a nivel de política pública son insuficientes, hay experiencias destacadas, como es el caso de Escuela Nueva.

            En Colombia, los cambios notables en los últimos 40 años incluyen la reforma curricular entre 1976 y 1984, el nuevo enfoque en los exámenes del Icfes comenzando el siglo XXI (de la verificación de conocimientos y aptitudes al desarrollo de las competencias comunicativas), nuevos lineamientos curriculares, establecimiento de estándares básicos de competencias, programas de competencias ciudadanas. Ello, parejo con un aumento en los años de escolaridad en todos los tramos educativos, como lo reconoce la OCDE.

            Sin embargo, el mundo ha cambiado por razones económicas, culturales, políticas, tecnológicas, y el sistema educativo no lo ha hecho en la profundidad que los retos contemporáneos exigen. En toda la región existen hoy hondas inequidades en el acceso a la educación de buena calidad, al bilingüismo, deserción de los más pobres, trabajo infantil y, pese a la diversidad étnica y cultural, enfoques “homogéneos” de la política educativa que pasan por encima de las características particulares de distintas minorías.

            Para la Unicef* debe generarse, en palabras simples, la sustitución de un modelo tradicional que pretende enseñar a leer y escribir durante la niñez por uno propio de las sociedades del conocimiento: construir la capacidad en niños y jóvenes de aprender las competencias del siglo XXI a lo largo de toda una vida. Para Vaillant y Aguerrondo* ello es posible si se introducen innovaciones disruptivas y ello puede ocurrir si se sustituye el pensamiento lineal por el complejo, la homogeneización por la diferenciación y el trabajo individual por el colaborativo, entre otros aspectos.

            Las noticias son agridulces. Si bien la política pública se mueve con lentitud, existen múltiples experiencias en América Latina que pueden calificarse de disruptivas. De centenares de valiosas experiencias latinoamericanas, Unicef rescata cuatro, que incluyen Escuela Nueva de Colombia, Relación Tutora de México, Aprendizaje en servicio y la de cursos abiertos y masivos en línea (Uruguay). Escuela Nueva, liderada por Vicky Colbert, aplicada con éxito en Perú, Brasil, República Dominicana, Vietnam, Zambia, es un ejemplo, absurdo, de cómo no se es profeta en su tierra.

            Colombia tiene el reto de rescatar experiencias innovadoras que se desarrollan todos los días. Sólo que no nos las contamos unos a otros, perdiendo inmensas oportunidades para superar, parcialmente, la gran inequidad de oportunidades mediante la diferenciación, el trabajo cooperativo, la organización flexible y el uso adecuado de nuevas tecnologías.

            *El aprendizaje bajo la lupa, Denise Vaillant / Inés Aguerrondo, Unicef 2015.

            Este artículo fue publicado originalmente en el diario colombiano El Espectador.


                      Army Veteran Leaves Behind Millions for Charity   
            OKLAHOMA CITY — More than two dozen Oklahoma families will know the joy of owning a home thanks to the gift one soldier left behind. Sergeant First Class E-7 Stephen Florentz served as a helicopter medic in Vietnam. He was wounded in battle in Asia and earned a purple heart before returning to the U.S. Years later, Florentz volunteered to serve one year in Saudi Arabia as part of Operation: Desert Storm. Florentz spent his life saving veterans both on the […]
                      Getting the Opioid Epidemic Right   
            On 06.29.17 11:52 AM posted by William Bennett The numbers are staggering. Until about a month ago, we had thought drug overdoses were responsible for some 52,000 American lives in 2015. Now the most recent reporting (https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2017/06/05/upshot/opioid-epidemic-drug-overdose-deaths-are-rising-faster-than-ever.html?_r=0) reveals that number may be closer to 60,000 in 2016. Think about that: We could now build the equivalent of one Vietnam Memorial Wall a year given the carnage we are wreaking on ourselves with drug abuse. The majority of these drug overdoses are opioid-related, and there has been a fair amount of reporting on them. But, given the rising death toll—much greater than the crack cocaine epidemic of the 1980s—not nearly enough. And not nearly enough has been said by our political or cultural leaders. When it is discussed, too often the narrative is wrong and the solutions too singularly focused. First, our political, journalist, and...
                      Vietnamese Girlfriend Loves Missionary Homemade Fuck   
            Watch Vietnamese Girlfriend Loves Missionary Homemade Fuck at free fuck and porn video site
                      The faces of Arizona's Vietnam fallen: All present and accounted for   
            The last of the names on a list of Arizona's fallen Vietnam veterans, the last of the faces to go with those names and a promise fulfilled.
                  
             
             

                      Canadian PM Trudeau is not a friend of all God’s children   

            Trudeau’s first cabinet was Africanless. Africans in Canada, from the continent and here questioned this move.  Many felt that the younger Trudeau took us for granted because his father Pierre Elliott Trudeau (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000) “opened” the doors for immigrants from the Caribbean and Africa. Eventually he did appoint Somali Toronto MP Ahmed Hussen to the federal cabinet as immigration minister.

            Trudeau did appoint Indian-born Sikh Harjit Sajjan, MP for Vancouver South, minister of defence. Sikhs have a significantly different history in Canada than Africans.  The Sikh community is represented in all professional fields: medical, legal, technological, academic. Africans came kicking and screaming to the Western Hemisphere. Recently he has been questioned about “fibbing” about being the leader of a battle in Afghanistan. Sajjan said yearly defence spending will swell by more than 70 per cent, from $18.9 billion in 2016-17 to $32.7 billion in 2026-27. He promised $62.3 billion in new spending over 20 years.

            Bardish Chagger is another India- born Canadian politician who is the current Leader of the Government in the House of Commons and Minister of Small Business and Tourism.  Chagger was elected as a Liberal member of the House of Commons of Canada in 2015.  She is the first female Leader of the Government in the House of Commons by Trudeau.

            Amarjeet Sohi is an Indian-Canadian politician, currently the Member of Parliament for Edmonton and the Minister of Infrastructure and Communities in the federal cabinet. He narrowly beat out strong community advocate Nigerian-born Chinwe Okelu.

            Maryam Monsef is an Afghan Canadian politician, a Liberal member the House of Commons in 2015. She was previously the Minister of Democratic Institutions and president of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada until January 10, 2017.

            Monsef has not had an easy ride. According to Wikipedia: “Monsef has been criticized for stating that she was born in Afghanistan, when in fact she was born in Iran. When this was revealed in September 2016, some commentators pointed out that this could lead to revocation of her Canadian citizenship and potential deportation, while others have criticized the absurdity of the present law or decried the importation of birtherism into Canadian politics. In an interview at that time, former MP Dean Del Mastro said that political workers in the 2014 municipal and 2015 federal campaigns knew she was not born in Afghanistan, but chose not to make an issue of it.”

            Navdeep Singh Bains, the new minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development is a Canadian born Indian.

            Canada’s role in Haiti should never be forgotten. Back in the day I discussed Haiti on the Black Commentator in an article: “Canada's Crimes Against Haiti” in   the October 27, 2005 issue. After reading Yves Engler and Anthony Fenton’s  volumeCanada in Haiti’, I pointed out: “The chapter ‘Responsibility to Protect or A Made in Ottawa Coup?’ points out the coup against Aristide was actually planned on Canadian soil. From January 31-February 1, 2003, Canada’s Secretary of State for Latin America and La Francophonie, Denis Paradis, played host to a high-level roundtable meeting dubbed, The Ottawa Initiative on Haiti. Surprise, surprise, no representative of Haiti’s elected government was invited. However, Otto Reich, then President George W. Bush’s appointee as Assistant Secretary State for the Western Hemisphere, was in attendance. Paradis leaked the fact that this meeting took place to journalist Michael Vastel, who reported the meeting in the March 15, 2003 edition of L’Actualite magazine. Another chapter, ‘Using NGOs to Destroy Democracy and the Canadian Military Connection’ exposes the shameful role played by many Canadian NGOs.”

            Trudeau is a self-proclaimed “feminist”. The court is still out on this matter. A recent article in the British based Guardian newspaper questioned the Canadian Prime Minister: “A slight note of exasperation crept into Justin Trudeau’s voice, suggesting that this was a topic he had broached many times before. ‘I’m going to keep saying loud and clearly that I am a feminist until it is met with a shrug,’ he declared to an audience at the United Nations in New York.”

            His words sparked delight around the world. But one year on, Trudeau’s heady promises have run into the realities of government, prompting the question: has electing a self-described feminist to helm of the country translated into real change for Canadian women?

            Canada’s prime minister is moving the Great White North further to the right on foreign affairs. Trudeau’s father Pierre Elliot Trudeau opened the doors to draft resisters including myself who refused to fight against the Vietnamese people. I saw Africans in America and the Vietnamese as colonial subjects. Africans in the United States were colonized by Uncle Sam and the Vietnamese by the French. Wiki pointed out: “While Canada had previously participated in military action against Iraq  in the Gulf War of 1991, it refused to declare war against Iraq without United Nations approval.

            The Iraq War began with the United States-led 2003 invasion. The Government of Canada did not at any time formally declare war against Iraq, and the level and nature of this participation, which changed over time, was controversial.

            Prime Minister Jean Chrétien said on 10 October 2002 that Canada would, in fact, be part of a military coalition to invade Iraq if it were sanctioned by the United Nations. However, when the United States and the United Kingdom subsequently withdrew their diplomatic efforts to gain that UN sanction, Jean Chrétien announced in Parliament on 17 March 2003 that Canada would not participate in the pending invasion.”

            However, this is not the full story. The “Big White Folks” as Paul Robeson called them speak with forked tongues. “Nevertheless, he offered the US and its soldiers his moral support. However, according to classified U.S. documents released by Wikileaks, a high-ranking Canadian official may have secretly promised to clandestinely support the invasion. Two days earlier, a quarter million people in Montreal had marched against the impending war. Major anti-war demonstrations had taken place in several other Canadian cities.” Chrétien’s moves had more to do with the growing opposition to the invasion than his political morality.  

            The not so great white north has a checkered history in the African continent. Canada joined the imperialists and played with the white checkers. They played a significant role in the assassinations of Patrice Lumumba, Maurice Mpolo, and Joseph Okito on January 21, 1961. Ottawa came up on the wrong side of history on the question of the Congo. Yves Engler author of the illuminating volume, Canada in Africa: 300 years of aid and exploitation, pointed out: “Siding with Washington, Ottawa promoted ONUC) and UN Secretary General Dag Hammarskjold’s controversial anti-Lumumba position. ONUC was established in July 1960 to ensure the withdrawal of Belgian forces. 1,900 Canadian troops participated in the UN mission between 1960 and 1964, making this country’s military one of its more active members. There were almost always more Canadian officers at ONUC headquarters than those of any other nationality and the Canadians were concentrated in militarily important logistical positions including chief operations officer and chief signals officer.”

            Canada opposed anticolonial struggles in Africa, supported apartheid South Africa and Idi Amin’s coup against Milton Obote (December 28 1925- October 10, 2005) who had led Uganda to independence in 1962 from British colonialism. He was overthrown by Amin in 1971. Canada played a role in the ousting of Lumumba in the Congo by the CIA, Belgium and Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu Wa Za Banga aka Joseph Mobutu and Ghana’s Kwame Nkrumah.

            The Great White North pressed African states to follow neoliberal policies, which have benefitted Canadian corporations. The Canadian International Development Perform points out: “Canada is a global mining giant and a leading player in Africa’s mining sector. 70% of the equity capital raised globally by the mining industry was raised on the Toronto (TSX) and Venture (TSXV) exchanges. Of the $10.3 billion in equity raised for mining on the TSX and TSXV in 2012 $1.9 billion or 18.5% was for projects in Latin America while another $1.7 billion or 16.5% was for projects in Africa.”   Canada played a role in the violence the Congo, Rwanda and Somali.  

            Canada does have a Black Radical Tradition. However, we cannot expect Corporate Canada or the Black Misleadership Class to tell the story. That is on us on the Black Left.

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                      Thread: '65: Squad-Level Combat in the Jungles of Vietnam:: Rules:: several questions   

            by padraic49

            1) Does artillery only hit on green?

            2) How long does downpour last?

            3) Can chopper fly in downpour? If it can how is visibility and range affected?

            4) Can opportunity fire be used VS chopper?

            5) How does the chopper work? We had it fly past target, shoot and then return to starting position, was this correct?
                      Comment on Czech Election Favourite on Mass Migration: ‘We Have to Fight for What Our Ancestors Built Here’ – #MigrantCrisis, #Islam, #Muslims by P.A.Semi   
            <b>Andrej Babis</b> is a gangster oligarch, and a terrible populist: he will promise anything, that will help him elected... In reality, he supports immigration of cheap work-force for his industries and agricultures... He bought for his huge money a perfect PR agency, his team is really professional... One of most rich men in our country, started his bussiness career by stealing Agrofert bussiness from his former Slovak employee by ante-dating stockholders meeting and increasing stock amount, thus forcing previous owner into minority, continued by renting money from state bank for buying a large petrochemical industry with pledge of the stocks, but managed to get the stocks into different company and empty eggshell company with astronomic debt went to bankruptcy, leaving him with large petro-chemical bussiness... Then managed to evade huge taxes by trading untaxed stocks between his companies in recent years. A career leading to being one of richest oligarchs in our small country, full of fiddles and frauds... Meanwhile as a minister of finances aiming at better tax collection from middle-class by electronic tax evidence (every shop must send online information about the trade and print government-server response code on the bill)... All this over-taxation of middle class while blocking taxation of banks and stock companies, which wanted the other part of the current government coalition, thus protecting the richest... ----- The other man - <b>Milos Zeman</b>, is Czech Trump. He was elected by country people against huge media war, against Academy and "Prague cafe" artist clique. Against screaming of all Liberasts, he has good relations with both the West and the East, meeting Putin and Xi Jinping and also British queen, spending a lot of time travelling abroad with a good diplomacy and inland top regions to meeting with people, and is overwhelmingly popular. Zeman is really a wise old man. Formerly a Prognostic institute employee, then prime minister arround 2000. (But in our country, the President is just a honorary position, the executive power is on government supported by the parliament. President is just "talking"... Sometimes, the Right to Talk is a great achievement in a society, that blocks all dissenter's voices in mass media...) ----- Living on Czech countryside, I remember last year or even the previous I've seen a pair of niggers, probably tourists. There are <b>no muslims</b> here (probably some are at large cities? There also is one spa city near northern border where is a large community of rich muslims). There are some gypsies drinking and smoking out their brains in pubs, there are Vietnamese diligent retailers (probably some 5-10 families in the town), and 97% white people... And it's overwhelmingly <b>safe and calm</b> place. There are no places 40 km arround me where I would not dare to go alone on midnight. Even the capital Prague is a pretty safe place, overall we are among 10 most safe countries in the world... About arms - there is 3% people with gun permits. In our village, the Hunter (woodman) has a long gun. It's not much problem to get the permit, if you are sane and somehow healthy person, it requires doctor inspection and police permit... All men above 30 have been serving 2 (later 1) years in millitary service, unless they worked a civil service instead of it (as I did)... Only recently the mandatory 2 or 1 year millitary service has been abandoned, just when entering NATO...
                      Commenti su Perché le sanzioni non funzionano di robespierre   
            La guerra non si vince con l'aviazione, ma sulla terraferma. Gli USA sono sempre stati letteralmente incapaci con le loro truppe da terra. Nella seconda guerra mondiale facevano addirittura fatica a risalire la penisola italiana contro un nemico in ritirata. Altro esempio lampante di incapacita' fu la sconfitta in Vietnam contro un esercito quasi nulladotato rispetto a loro. Gli americani sono capaci solo di bombardare, come fecero senza motivo in tanti posti, uno in primis, Montecassino. Se americani e romani si scontrassero a parita' di armi i primi sarebbero annientati in pochissimo tempo. D'altro canto i russi hanno sempre avuto degli eserciti fortissimi sul campo, per cui facile dedurre chi vincerebbe la guerra (a meno che tutti i leccac...della NATO non attaccassero alle spalle i russi).
                      Traveling Vietnam Memorial Wall at Hampton Community Park   
            Louis Raggiunti  |  For the Tribune-Review<br/>Larry Killmeyer, who served in Vietnam and grew up in Hampton, looks at the thousands of names engraved on the Traveling Vietnam Memorial Wall at Hampton Community Park June 3 , 2017.
            The Traveling Vietnam Memorial Wall has been set up at Hampton Community Park and will be there for the community to view through July 4. ...

                      Watch: Neill Blomkamp's Second Oats Stuido Film FIREBASE [Short in Full]   
            Neill Blomkamp's Oats Studios have release their second brazen short film, Firebase! Set during the Vietnam War the violent actioner film is basically the director's Predator which a nifty sci-fi twis ... - Source: www.quietearth.us
                      When President Trump pulled the US out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, many assumed that the mega-regional trade deal was dead. But Koichi Hamada says such assumptions may have been premature   

            By Koichi Hamada*

            When Donald Trump, in one of his first acts as president, announced that the United States would not participate in the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP), many assumed that the mega-regional trade deal was dead. But such assumptions may have been premature.

            The TPP was originally envisioned as a rules-based economic area spanning the Pacific and comprising 12 member countries – Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, the US, and Vietnam – which collectively account for about 40% of the world economy. The negotiations, which lasted five years, were undertaken with great care and diligence. In Japan’s case, for example, the negotiators, headed by Akira Amari, then the minister of state for economic and fiscal policy, worked day and night to assuage opposition by various sectors of the domestic economy (say, rice growers) and to secure favorable outcomes.

            Trump’s announcement in January, which came just as the deal was set to be ratified, certainly shook the endeavor at its core. But many relevant players, eager to prevent the TPP from crumbling, soon began to discuss moving forward without the US.

            By May, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe was declaring that, though he still hoped for America’s return to the TPP, Japan was willing to take the lead in bringing the deal to fruition. Soon after, Japan and New Zealand announced that they would seek an agreement with other signatories by November to move the TPP forward. If they succeed, TPP signatories will benefit substantially – and the US may well find that it has missed a massive opportunity.

            In general, there are two distinct approaches to achieving freer trade. First, there is the global model embodied by the World Trade Organization. The chief advantage of this approach is its scale: it ensures that a huge share of the world economy is interconnected, with most of its constitutive economies adhering to a common set of rules and submitting to a dispute-resolution mechanism that enables these rules’ enforcement.

            But scale may also be the WTO’s chief weakness, given the difficulty of getting so many countries to agree to a single set of rules. Indeed, the negotiation process is often painstaking and time-consuming – even more so than that leading to the TPP. That is a key reason why WTO negotiations lost momentum during the Doha Round of trade talks, which began in 2001 and petered out without an agreement.

            The second approach to achieving freer trade, bilateral agreements, mitigates the challenge of scale. With only two (or a few) countries involved, negotiations are far more straightforward and often take less time. Japan and the European Union, for example, have recently redoubled their efforts, which began in 2009, to reach a bilateral trade deal, and an end may be in sight, despite continued disagreement on a small number of key points.

            But this approach, too, has its downsides. Not only does it produce benefits for only a couple of countries; a win-win deal for the participating countries may also hurt non-participating countries. In the case of the Japan-EU deal, one such country may well be the US, given that American companies compete in Japan with European businesses in many of the same sectors.

            The TPP, with its 12 (now 11) participants, falls somewhere between these two approaches – and is intended to secure the best of both worlds. The TPP’s mega-regional approach can bring greater economic gains than a bilateral deal, as it spurs trade and investment flows – including by harmonizing regulations and standards – across a larger swath of the global economy. But, unlike the WTO, it is not so large, and does not encompass such diverse parties, that it is overwhelmingly difficult to reach agreement.

            The mega-regional approach may have one more advantage, shared with the WTO: the involvement of more parties can dilute the authority of a major country and thus limit its ability to strong-arm its negotiating partners into an unbalanced agreement. Indeed, this may be precisely why Trump, with his penchant for “deal-making” and promises of an “America first” trade policy, rejected the TPP. In his view, bilateral negotiations put the US, as a political and economic hegemon, in a stronger bargaining position.

            What Trump fails to recognize is that, while a small country may feel intimidated by the US at the negotiating table, it can still stand up and walk away. More important, even if the US can use its weight to secure more favorable provisions in a bilateral negotiating context, the benefits do not necessarily outweigh those of larger-scale agreements.

            That is certainly the case with the TPP, which contained some provisions that were highly beneficial for the US economy. Specifically, the agreement would have given US businesses access to markets that had long been largely closed. The provisions on intellectual property rights, accounting, and conflict resolution were so favorable to Wall Street and US lawyers that they have been criticized for being unfair to the other parties. They were agreed, however, because of the expectation that China would eventually have to adhere to those standards.

            In that sense, as Columbia University’s Jagdish Bhagwati said to me, “the TPP was a bit like allowing people to play golf in a club, but only if they also attended a particular church over the weekend.” The deal’s signatories were in it for the golf – that is, the expanded trade and investment flows. But they couldn’t avoid the obligation to accept rules that would benefit the US, in the hope that the liturgy might help to constrain China’s behavior.

            The US is unique in this scenario, because it had a strong national interest in both the golf and the church. Now it will get neither. And when the new TPP, excluding the US, begins to flourish, US businesses will be wishing Trump had not canceled their tee time.


            Koichi Hamada, Professor Emeritus of Economics at Yale, is a special adviser to Japan’s prime minister. This content is © Project Syndicate, 2017, and is here with permission.


                      Membaca Pikiran Sukarno   
            Tidak seperti Suharto yang berpikir bahwa kekuatan terbaik adalah diri sendiri, adalah kemampuan diri sendiri dan orang-orang terdekatnya dimana Suharto selalu memperhatikan keadaan orang-orang terdekatnya dan ia tidak pernah percaya pada kekuatan diluar lingkaran terdekatnya. Sukarno selalu berpikir bahwa kekuatan terbaik adalah "Sesuai Kebutuhan Sejarah". Apabila Suharto sangat percaya pada intuisi-nya maka Sukarno sangat percaya pada Intelektualitas dan kemampuannya dalam menafsirkan arah gerak sejarah. Dari arah gerak sejarah inilah Sukarno menentukan "Siapa Teman, Siapa Lawan".

            Sukarno mendirikan PNI 1927 dengan memanfaatkan kehancuran total PKI. Disana ada kevakuman sejarah dan dengan lompatan luar biasa ia mampu menjadi "Pemimpin Nasional" Sementara semua jago-jago lama Komunis berlarian ke luar negeri dikejar intel Belanda dan Inggris, sebagian besar ditangkapi dan dipenjarakan ke Digul, Sukarno membangun ruang gerak baru bernama Nasionalisme dan sontak ia menjadi raksasa baru dan pusat perhatian seluruh bangsa. Sukarno dengan cepat menjadi pemimpin dengan memanfaatkan keadaan. -Sukarno dengan lihai memanfaatkan kehancuran PKI kemudian menjadikan Nasionalisme sebagai arus besar sejarah - inilah keberhasilan pertama Sukarno.

            Di Jaman Jepang Sukarno memilih bergabung dengan Jepang, pertimbangannya sederhana : Apabila Jepang menang perang dalam pertempuran Asia Pasifik maka Indonesia langsung merdeka dan menjadi anggota Persekutuan Asia Timur Raya. Sukarno selalu melihat kondisi geopolitik. Di tahun 1931 dia selalu berbicara "Kemerdekaan Indonesia bergantung pada Perang Asia Pasifik" dan tidak ada satupun ahli politik serta pemimpin dunia yang memperkirakan ada perang Asia Pasifik hanya Sukarno yang berkata demikian, pada tahun 1942 saat Jepang mengebom Pearl Harbour dan Perang Pasifik dimulai barulah orang sadar bahwa Sukarno selalu mengatakan demikian 10 tahun sebelumnya. Saat mendengar kabar AS mengumumkan perang dengan Jepang, Sukarno berkata dengan Inggit "Nggit, Aku merasa inilah saatnya Indonesia Merdeka". Sukarno sudah paham lama satu-satunya kekuatan yang bisa mengusir Belanda adalah kekuatan luar dan ia harus memanfaatkan kekuatan luar.

            Sukarno pulang ke Jakarta dan memanfaatkan kekuatan Jepang untuk mengeliminir semua aset Belanda dan menjadikan namanya tetap Flamboyan di tengah rakyat. Walaupun di Jaman Jepang ia dikatakan bertanggung jawab terhadap Romusha namun itu bukanlah kerjaan Sukarno, justru Sukarno yang meminta Jepang agar Indonesia punya kekuatan militernya sendiri. Sukarno paham kunci setelah Perang Pasifik adalah kekuatan militer antar wilayah dan Indonesia harus jadi tandem yang seimbang apabila Jepang menang perang atau kalau Jepang kalah perang maka Indonesia harus punya Angkatan Perang-nya untuk berhadapan dengan pemenang perang : 1. Amerika Serikat (menurut perhitungan Sukarno akan berpangkalan di Filipina dan menjadi dominasi di Asia Tenggara) 2. Inggris (berpangkalan di Malaya) 3. Sovjet Uni (Yang menurut perkiraan Sukarno akan mencari tempat baru di Asia Tenggara).

            Asia Tenggara selalu menjadi titik perhatian Sukarno, ada dua wilayah Asia Tenggara yang dijajah oleh kekuatan lemah Internasional : 1. Indochina dan 2. Indonesia. Indochina dijajah Perancis dan Indonesia dijajah Belanda. Dua titik lemah inilah yang diperkirakan Sukarno akan dikuasai Moskow atau Peking. Disinilah Sukarno menempatkan dirinya sebagai pemain politik Internasional, langkah pertama yang ia lakukan adalah menghindari Indonesia menjadi satelit Moskow dan Peking. Ia melihat Peking masih lemah dan bisa ia manfaatkan setelah menjadi raksasa dunia sementara satu-satunya kekuatan besar adalah Moskow.

            Akhirnya memang Moskow masuk ke Vietnam, tapi Cina-lah yang memenangkan perang di Vietnam. Sukarno adalah orang paling cerdik dalam memanfaatkan ini. Disatu sisi ia memegang Tan Malaka dengan melakukan deal politik untuk menyambungkan kekuatan laskar rakyat sebagai beking tentara resmi yang masih lemah, Sukarno menemui Tan Malaka pada September 1945. Kemudian di sisi lain ia pegang Sjahrir. Tujuan utama dari politik Sukarno 1945 adalah "Mencegah agar jangan Moskow bermain di Jawa" Apabila Moskow bermain di Jawa maka resikonya Belanda akan memanfaatkan kekuatan Amerika Serikat untuk menghantam Komunisme sebagai Project Pertama kali "Membendung Kekuatan Merah di Asia" yang memang sudah diperkirakan oleh Churchill sebelumnya, kata Churchill "Setelah Hitler, Musuh kita adalah Stalin". Maka Sukarno berpegang kuat-kuat pada doktrin Churchill ini, dan hanya ada dua kekuatan yang bisa menghindari Indonesia dari Moskow : Tan Malaka yang dibenci Moskow dan Sjahrir cs yang berkiblat pada Eropa Barat. Sukarno memanfaatkan dua orang ini sebagai tangan kanan dan tangan kirinya lalu berhasil. Sukarno dengan cerdas memperpendek perang dan kemudian ia melakukan perang besar selanjutnya : Revolusi Indonesia Sesungguhnya.

            Revolusi Sukarno sesungguhnya adalah Revolusi Modal. Dan ini ia buktikan di tahun 1960, Sukarno tau bahwa Indonesia adalah negara paling kaya di muka bumi, dan kekayaan terbesar di Indonesia justru di wilayah Irian Barat. Irian Barat harus dijadikan lumbung modal Indonesia untuk menguasai politik di Asia Tenggara dengan menguasai politik di Asia Tenggara maka Indonesia akan menjadi kekuatan nomor empat dunia setelah Amerika Serikat, Sovjet dan Cina, maka Sukarno memilih pembantu terdekatnya adalah Subandrio. Lagi-lagi Sukarno menunjukkan kejeniusan luar biasa, ia memanfaatkan kemampuan diplomasi Subandrio untuk menekan Kennedy. Sukarno menodong Kennedy apabila persoalan Irian Barat tidak beres maka AS akan menghadapi dua front di Asia Tenggara : Front Hanoi dan Front Jakarta. Kennedy mengalah dan memerintahkan Belanda mundur setelah 'Gertak' Sukarno dengan puluhan pesawat buatan Sovjet dan beberapa korvet yang siap menyerang ke Irian Barat dan mempermalukan Belanda.

            Kennedy dimusuhi CIA setelah mengalah pada Bung Karno dan ditembak mati dengan meninggalkan cerita politik konspirasi. Lalu naiklah Lyndon B Johnson orang yang sangat keras dalam soal Asia Tenggara. Ia masuk ke Vietnam dengan brutal. Sukarno melihat bahwa persoalan Vietnam akan menjadi tragedi kemanusiaan yang luar biasa, ia berniat menghentikan perang di Vietnam dengan membangun poros persekutuan di luar AS. Sasaran antara Sukarno adalah Inggris dan mendepak Inggris dari Asia Tenggara. Karena bagi Sukarno, Inggris adalah otak bisnis di Asia Tenggara sementara Beking Keamanannya AS. Tapi Sukarno tau bahwa berhadapan dengan AS langsung tidak akan bisa maka Sukarno memperhatikan perkembangan politik di Peking. Mao sedang naik daun, kekuatan merahnya menggetarkan Amerika Serikat, Sukarno ingin memanfaatkan Mao Tse Tung bertarung langsung dengan AS di Asia Tenggara, Sukarno yakin Mao pasti menang karena keinginan utama AS bukanlah perang tapi dagang. Ini dibuktikan ketika Amerika mundur secara memalukan dari Perang Korea.

            Maka untuk melancarkan hegemoni Indonesia di Asia Tenggara, Sukarno membuka front dengan Inggris di Kalimantan Utara. Lagi-lagi Sukarno menggunakan politik gertak. Apabila penguasaan Irian Barat, Sukarno memanfaatkan panasnya politik AS-Sovjet. Maka dalam kasus Ganjang Malaysia sesungguhnya Sukarno sedang nge-test Cina sebagai kekuatan di Asia. Dengan memanfaatkan kekuatan Cina maka Indonesia akan bisa memperpendek perang di Vietnam dan menghentikan pembantaian Amerika disana. Dengan menguasai hegemoni di Asia Tenggara maka Indonesia akan menjadi negara paling kaya di Asia setelah Cina.

            Tapi pemikiran Sukarno yang melompat jauh ke depan, pemikiran Sukarno yang sudah paham tentang pertarungan modal tidak pernah mampu dibaca tandem-tandem politik di dalam negeri. Terbukti Sukarno diboikot Jenderal-Jenderalnya sendiri dalam kasus Ganjang Malaysia. Sukarno dikentuti orang-orang yang belagak Intelektual tapi tidak bertanggung jawab.

            Apabila Sukarno berhasil memainkan politik Ganjang Malaysia maka Irian Barat tidak akan jatuh ke Freeport, sepenuhnya kekayaan alam Indonesia dibangun untuk bangsa Indonesia dan kekayaan negara. Tidak ada yang namanya sekolah harus bayar, Rumah Sakit harus bayar. Indonesia akan diciptakan oleh Sukarno sebagai negara paling memakmurkan rakyatnya dan memang step pertamannya adalah menciptakan struktur modal.

            Inilah kejeniusan Sukarno yang harus menjadi pelajaran bagi kita semua, dialah bapak bangsa yang mewarisi kekayaan nasional bangsa Indonesia. Bukan mewarisi hutang ribuan trilyun seperti yang dilakukan Suharto dan mungkin juga SBY.

                      Gentleman-nya Bung Hatta   

            -->

            Banyak orang mengira termasuk hampir semua sejarawan bahwa mundurnya Hatta di tahun 1956 adalah ketidakcocokannya dengan Bung Karno. Tapi sebenarnya tidak, Hatta tidak pernah memusuhi secara serius Sukarno, Hatta sama sekali tidak ada masalah pada tahun 1956 dengan Sukarno atau keputusan-keputusan politik besar. Pembubaran Konstituante justru dilakukan setelah Hatta mundur, pemberontakan-pemberontakan di daerah tidak ada hubungannya dengan Bung Hatta, bahkan setelah tahun 1956 beberapa pemberontakan daerah awalnya adalah mosi tidak percaya kepada Djakarta karena dikira Djakarta menyingkirkan Hatta, padahal tidak.

            Dalam beberapa titik penting sejarah di masa lalu, Sukarno amat pasif dalam melakukan keputusan-keputusan politik, Sukarno. Hampir semua keputusan ditangani Hatta. Keputusan yang terkenal adalah Maklumat X 1945 soal liberalisasi pembentukan partai-partai politik. Dalam soal itu Sukarno kerap mengeluh ia dilangkahi Hatta. Dalam revolusi Sukarno ingin adanya Partai tunggal, tapi setelah fait accompli Hatta, partai menjadi terlalu banyak dan kerap menimbulkan friksi politik besar, puncaknya adalah perang Solo yang berakhir pada geger Madiun 1948.

            Akhir Tahun 1948, Belanda menerjunkan puluhan ribu tentara mereka serentak ke kota-kota penting di Indonesia. Di muka dunia Internasional aksi itu dikatakan "Aksi Polisionil" karena Belanda masih menganggap Indonesia adalah wilayah dalam negeri Belanda. Sementara pihak Indonesia menyatakan itu adalah "Agresi Militer yang kedua" setelah sebelumnya terjadi tahun 1947, Indonesia menuduh inilah yang disebut ekspansi militer sebuah Negara kepada Negara lain seperti hal-nya Hitler menginvasi Polandia. Sukarno, Hatta, Sjahrir, Agus Salim dan pemimpin-pemimpin lain di Yogya ditangkapi. Militer Republikein lari ke gunung-gunung mereka menolak untuk ditangkap, pihak Militer praksis dipegang Jenderal Sudirman yang sudah rusak paru-parunya untuk menembus lebat hutan di Jawa Tengah dan Timur melakukan konsolidasi pasukan.
            Saat itu Tan Malaka sudah berhitung, “Kekuatan Belanda tinggal sedikit lagi, saya tahu benar watak orang Belanda. Dia tidak akan melakukan kekuatan besar-besaran bila tidak putus asa. Saya perkirakan perang paling lama akan berlangsung selama 2 tahun lagi, sementara Amerika Serikat dan Sovjet Uni masih pusing soal Eropa setelah selesainya Hitler dibunuh”

            Belanda berlagak gagah dimana-mana, tank-tank Sherman berkeliling ke segenap penjuru kota dan membangun pencitraan bahwa Hindia Belanda dalam waktu dekat akan berdiri kembali. Ternyata terbukti dengan serangan militer yang sporadis dari militer Indonesia pasukan Belanda keteter dimana-mana. Serangan Umum di Yogya dan Serangan umum di Solo membuat Belanda keliatan kelemahannya. Tapi tidak bagi kelompok pro perundingan.

            Di tahun 1945 ada perbedaan antara Pemuda-Pemuda Djakarta dengan Djawa Tengah dan Djawa Timur. Pemuda-pemuda Djawa Tengah dan Timur memutuskan tidak mau berunding dengan pihak Djepang soal merebut gudang senjata, mereka langsung perang dan rakyat mengepung gudang. Senjata-senjata banyak didapatkan, bahkan di Surabaya kelengkapan militernya akibat merebut gudang senjata mampu secara jantan menghadapi Inggris, dan sejarah mencatat : ‘Hanya di Surabaya-lah Inggris kalah perang’. Di Djawa Tengah juga begitu, tidak ada perundingan gudang-gudang senjata harus direbut. Perebutan senjata ini nyaris tak menimbulkan korban, bahkan Kapten Suharto (kelak jadi Letkol Suharto) berhasil merebut gudang senjata di Kotabaru dan pasukannya memiliki alat kelengkapan militer paling kuat. Di Djakarta lain lagi ceritanya, keputusan saat itu adalah perundingan untuk merebut gudang senjata, akibatnya fatal. Puluhan tokoh pemuda mati dalam perang saat perundingan berlangsung bertele-tele, Daan Mogot dan tragedi dua anak Margono Djojohadikusumo : Subianto dan Sujono di Serpong Januari 1946. Akibat perundingan inilah pemuda-pemuda Djakarta terlalu lemah dibandingkan rekannya yang di Djawa Tengah dan Djawa Timur.

            Begitu juga dengan pemikiran memperpendek perang revolusi 1945. Tan Malaka berpikir apabila perang diperpendek dengan perundingan maka yang terjadi adalah ‘Revolusi melahirkan bangsa yang lembek’. Tan Malaka ingin dilakukan perang total karena dengan hanya perang total-lah “Semua royan-royan revolusi bisa melahirkan rasa persatuan yang amat kuat diantara rakyat Indonesia, rakyat akan paham tujuan besar bangsa Indonesia liwat kesakitan-kesakitan perang revolusi”

            Tapi kabar di Yogya begitu menyakitkan hati Tan Malaka. Para pemimpin tidak mau tempur mati-matian di hutan-hutan, tidak membangun perlawanan revolusinya. Di tahun 1948 terlihat sekali para pemimpin yang lahir dari dunia pergerakan Intelektual tidak terlatih untuk melakukan perang di hutan-hutan seperti yang dilakukan bekas anak buah Tan Malaka, Ho Chi Minh dari Vietnam. Tan Malaka sudah memperkirakan “Kalau pemimpin ditangkap tak lain tak bukan, ujung-ujungnya adalah Perundingan”.

            Generaal Sudirman, adalah pengikut Tan Malaka yang paling setia. Ia orang yang paling mendukung program-program Tan Malaka. Saat pertempuran di Solo terjadi, Sudirman menunggu apa kata Tan Malaka. Saat rapat Persatuan Perjuangan, Sudirman-lah yang membuka pidato rapat, lalu ketika Tan Malaka meneriakkan “Merdeka 100%” maka Sudirman berdiri dan bertepuk tangan seraya bersumpah akan memerdekakan Indonesia, total…setotal-totalnya.

            Sukarno sendiri saat itu sudah terjebak pada sistem pemerintahannya yang ia bentuk. Bila ia ke hutan, maka ia akan berhitung ‘siapa yang pegang komando’ bisa saja nanti kelompok Tan Malaka yang bisa drive dirinya. Sukarno selama perang revolusi menyerahkan keputusan ke Hatta, dan Hatta selamanya satu napas dengan Sjahrir lalu terjadilah keputusan yang paling amat dibenci Tan Malaka “Berunding dengan Belanda”
            Perundingan KMB di Den Haag akhir tahun 1949, merupakan penghinaan bagi kelompok Tan Malaka. Di Koran-koran terjadi eforia KMB, rakyat seakan-akan gembira menerima keputusan perundingan, dikiranya KMB adalah kemenangan Republik, dikiranya KMB adalah berhasilnya perang. KMB justru adalah ‘Pertanda Indonesia Kalah Perang’ karena dimanapun dalam hukum perang Internasional ‘pihak yang kalah perang harus membayar ganti rugi akibat peperangan’ seperti Jerman yang kalah perang pada Perang Dunia Pertama, membayar dengan ‘Klausa Perjanjian Versailles’ dan Jepang yang kalah perang dengan Amerika Serikat harus menerima pendudukan pasukan Amerika Serikat di Jepang juga Jepang dilarang memiliki pasukan militernya sendiri. Indonesia harus membayar 4.6 Milyar Gulden ganti rugi perang. ‘Jadi logikanya Indonesia harus membayar bangsa asing yang membunuhi bangsanya sendiri’. Akibat perjanjian inilah yang amat lama tidak menjadi bahan perdebatan di muka-muka publik karena para tokoh kharismatis terlibat dalam perundingan ini. Ukuran dana 4,6 milyar gulden itu amat besar dengan nominal pada jaman itu, sebagai perbandingan : di tahun 1950 Amerika Serikat pernah menawari pembangunan jalan besar (Highway Standard) di sepanjang pulau Sumatera dengan konsesi masuknya mobil Ford ke Indonesia sebagai satu-satunya mobil yang bisa masuk ke Indonesia selama 10 tahun. Nilai jalan itu adalah 6 juta dollar, tapi usulan itu ditolak karena akan memberlakukan sistem monopoli. Jadi seandainya 4,6 milyar gulden itu tidak dikembalikan maka 200 kali highway standard bisa dibangun diseluruh wilayah Indonesia.

            Setelah terjadi perundingan, Sudirman menolak turun gunung. “Kalau saya turun gunung berarti saya gembira akan kekalahan pasukan TNI”. Generaal Sudirman menolak turun gunung karena ia tahu, perundingan berarti kalah perang. Selama ini banyak di buku sejarah, seakan-akan Sudirman menolak turun gunung karena marah pada Sukarno, padahal bukan. Orang-orang di masa lalu tidak dangkal hatinya, mereka tidak peduli dengan konflik personal. Generaal Sudirman menolak turun gunung karena alasan prinsipil, ia tidak mau kalah perang. “Tapi pada akhirnya” persatuan diatas segala-galanya, pertaruhannya kalau Sudirman menolak turun gunung makan yang akan terjadi adalah perang saudara. Setiap orang tahu pada saat itu, Sukarno yang selalu jadi kartu pegangan orang Indonesia, rakyat akan terjebak pada perang saudara yang tidak mereka mengerti. Sudirman mengalah demi persatuan. Sudirman turun gunung, tapi Tan Malaka ditembak mati di Jawa Timur. Inilah tragedi revolusi.

            Beberapa kelompok pasukan Tan Malaka menolak turun gunung, yang paling terkenal adalah Chaerul Saleh. Chaerul ini yang pegang pasukan Bambu Runtjing. Ia terus melawan tentara resmi dan menolak perundingan, pasukan Chaerul Saleh menyerang pos-pos militer TNI di Sukabumi dan wilayah lain di Djawa Barat sebagai aksi bentuk penolakannya terhadap KMB. Bahkan sampai pada tahun 1952 pasukan Chaerul Saleh terus bertempur dengan pihak militer. Inilah yang membuat Nasution marah.

            Kebenaran kelompok Tan Malaka akhirnya terbukti pada tahun 1950-an ke atas. Di Vietnam, mereka menolak kalah dari Perancis dan melakukan perang total, di tahun 1952 Perancis angkat kaki dari Vietnam dengan menyisakan ratusan ribu serdadu berkalang tanah di Vietnam. Lalu Amerika Serikat datang dan merebut Vietnam dua puluh tiga tahun kemudian 1975, Amerika Serikat hengkang dari Vietnam dengan rasa malu, tentaranya berlarian ke helikopter seperti tentara pengecut menyelamatkan diri saat pasukan Ho Chi Minh masuk ke kota Saigon. Begitu juga dengan pasukan Mao yang berhasil menghantam kelompok Kuo Min Tang sampai ke Taiwan padahal pasukan Kuo Min Tang didukung Amerika Serikat. Dan saat ini di tahun 2011 kita menyaksikan seluruh Negara Eropa Barat mengemis pada RRC karena krisis ekonomi yang mereka alami.

            Inilah yang dimaui Tan Malaka, fase pertama dalam pembentukan Negara atau bangsa yang terjajah adalah perang total. Dalam perang total akan terjadi situasi baru, pemahaman-pemahaman baru, alam sadar baru, dan yang terpenting arah sejarah menjadi lebih jelas tidak lembek.

            Terbukti benar di tahun 1950-an perang Korea meletus. Harga-harga komoditi naik : timah, minyak bumi, kopra, karet dll naik. Kejadian ini mirip dengan boom minyak tahun 1973 yang kemudian dijadikan landasan rejeki Suharto di masa Orde Baru untuk membiayai kekuasaannya. Kenaikan luar biasa harga-harga akibat perang Korea 1950-an ini tidak bisa dinikmati rakyat Indonesia karena Indonesia harus bayar hutang perang kepada pihak Belanda. Yang kaya tetaplah perusahaan-perusahaan besar milik Belanda macam Lindeteves atau Borsumij Wehry. Kejadian ini membuat marah anggota Parlemen Komisi A, mereka memanggil Menteri Perekonomian saat itu Prof.Sumitro Djojohadikusumo. Sumitro menjawab “Kita sudah terikat perjanjian dengan Belanda”. Kelompok sisa-sisa Tan Malaka yang saat itu bergabung dalam Partai Murba marah besar ‘Wah, kalau begini caranya kita harus buat mosi tidak percaya terhadap KMB”.

            Perjuangan menyusun Mosi tidak percaya ini bukan soal mudah. Kelompok Partai Murba yang dipimpin Maruto Nitimihardjo harus berkelahi kesana kemari untuk meyakinkan mosi tidak percayanya. Untuk memulai mosi ini Maruto mendatangi Hatta lalu Maruto bicara “Masih kurang saja Belanda mengambil dari kita”. Seraya berkata pasrah Hatta berkata “Karena saya yang menandatangani perjanjian KMB itu, saya persilahkan saudara Maruto untuk melanjutkan apa maunya, saya siap menerima segala konsekuensinya”.

            Hampir lima tahun Maruto melakukan pendekatan-pendekatan politik ke semua pihak untuk menolak hasil KMB dan menyatakan mosi tidak percaya. Akhirnya mayoritas anggota Parlemen menyetujui untuk melakukan mosi tidak percaya, apalagi setelah Pemilu 1955 Perdana Menteri Ali Sastroamidjojo mendukung apa mau Partai Murba. “Mosi tidak percaya pada KMB”.

            Melihat perkembangan mosi itu Hatta secara gentlemen berkata “Saya akan mundur” Saat itu Maruto mendatangi Hatta di kantornya di Merdeka Selatan. Hatta lama memandangi wajah Maruto, dan ia mengeluarkan air mata lalu memeluk Maruto. Setelah pertemuan itu datanglah surat dari Hatta : “Surat Pengunduran Diri”.

            Surat pengunduran itu menjadi heboh dimana-mana, bahkan Sukarni Ketua Umum Murba, Partai yang jadi pelopor mosi tidak percaya itu berkata singkat sambil mau nangis : “Wah, Bung Hatta terlalu gentleman”.
            Mundurnya Hatta membuat pihak banyak kalang kabut. Achmad Subardjo yang saat itu jadi Duta Besar di Swiss berkata kepada beberapa orang “Sesungguhnya dulu di tahun 1945 terjadi apa namanya Gentleman Agreement Four, mirip Amerika Serikat pada awal Revolusinya di tahun 1776. Seperti perjanjian antara Washington, Jefferson, Madison dan Franklin untuk bergantian menjabat sebagai Presiden Amerika Serikat, walaupun Franklin tidak menjabat tapi tiga orang menjabat bergiliran. Itulah yang terjadi, nah empat orang yang akan bergiliran jadi Presiden saat itu adalah : Sukarno, Iwa Kusumasumantri, Achmad Soebardjo dan Hatta sendiri. Tapi itu tidak terlaksana toh, malah keluar Testamen Tan Malaka”…..

            Sukarno berdiam diri saja, ia sudah tahu arah sejarah akhirnya kelompok Tan Malaka yang menang dan benar melihat keadaan. Kemerdekaan 100% adalah tujuan terbesar bangsa ini, lalu dengan inspirasi dari Tan Malaka, Sukarno menjalankan program-program politiknya tapi siapakah yang bisa menggantikan Hatta? Kelompok PSI mengajukan Subandrio, yang pada akhirnya Bandrio malah merapat ke PKI. Sementara Murba harus menarik Maruto Nitimihardjo dan Sukarni sebagai lobbying ke Pemerintah, karena Maruto dianggap Sukarno selalu melawan, sementara Sukarni setiap ketemu Sukarno selalu berantem. Akhirnya Murba memanggil Chaerul Saleh yang di Jerman Barat untuk mendampingi Sukarno.

            Dan pada akhirnya sejarah memberi tahu pada kita, ketika Sukarno dikalahkan saat menjalankan agenda Tan Malaka dengan bahasa-bahasa Sukarno yang ia namakan Trisakti, Berdikari, Pantja Azimat Revolusi, Gesuri, Vivere Pericoloso lalu Gestapu 65 terjadi, Sukarno diinternir di Wisma Yaso, Subandrio diseret ke penjara, Chaerul Saleh kabarnya mati di WC Tahanan Militer dan membuat Sukarni di depan jenasah Chaerul Saleh ngamuk-ngamuk kepada Adam Malik karena tak bisa memberikan pertolongan sama sekali kepada Cherul Saleh.

            Lalu kita menyaksikan Indonesia seperti sekarang ini, tidak seperti Bung Hatta yang mengakui bila kebijakannya kalah dan tidak diakui, ia harus gentleman, coba sekarang Sri Mulyani menandantangani keputusan talangan Bank malah dilarikan ke luar negeri, ada juga Budiono yang malah dijadikan Wakil Presiden RI, Kebijakan Negara dijalankan tanpa rasa bersalah.

            Negara kaya raya yang terus menerus dibodohi oleh Imperialisme asing. Negara dijual untuk kekayaan para pejabat. Kepada sejarah kita harus banyak belajar untuk masa depan Indonesia…………

                          
            Too hard to say something #diaryphoto #manleediary #manleephoto #vietnam🇻🇳 #catbaisland #haiphongtrip #filmphotography #ishootfilm #analogfilm #zuikolens #olympus #om4T #filmnotdead #filmforever #film #filmisalive #filmphoto #filmcamera #analogphotography #analogfilm #analog #35mm #filmcommunity #thefimcommunity #filmfeed #keepfilmalive
                      Kritik Pemerintah, Blogger Vietnam Diganjar 10 Tahun Penjara    
            Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh terpaksa harus mendekam dipenjara selama 10 tahun lamanya hanya karena tulisan yang ia buat.
                      The faces of Arizona's Vietnam fallen: All present and accounted for   
            The last of the names on a list of Arizona's fallen Vietnam veterans, the last of the faces to go with those names and a promise fulfilled.
                  
             
             

                       Menschenrechtsbeauftragte kritisiert Urteil gegen vietnamesische Bloggerin    
            Traunstein/Berlin: Zur Verurteilung der bekannten vietnamesischen Bloggerin und Menschenrechtsaktivistin Nguyen Ngoc Nhu Quynh ("Mother Mushroom") zeigt sich die Menschenrechtsbeauftragte der Bundesregierung, Bärbel Kofler, am Freitag, 30. Juni, in großer Sorge.


                      Frustrated with the Philippines, Vietnam Resorts to Cyber Espionage    

                      Ten More Vietnam War Movies    
            Two years ago I posted my picks for the "

                      Why Does it Matter That America Is Now a Villain?   
            by Neil H. Buchanan

            The annual Independence Day holiday festivities provide an opportunity to reflect on the unique place that the United States holds in world affairs, for better and for worse.  How much worse has it become because of Donald Trump?  And does it matter?

            Back in 2008, as the Bush era was ending and we were attempting to assess the disturbing legacy of the Bush/Cheney Administration -- the falsified case for the Iraq invasion, the horrors at Abu Ghraib prison that had been perpetrated by U.S. Army and CIA personnel, the ongoing human rights disaster that was (and still is) the Guantanamo Bay prison, and on and on -- it had become obvious that the reputation of the United States as a beacon of hope had taken a huge hit in the eyes of the world.

            In December of that year, I wrote a short essay, "Our Reputation Matters," expanding on an editorial in The New York Times that had argued for closing Guantanamo as a matter of both moral imperative and national self-interest.  The key argument in that editorial was that the world would not continue to follow the leadership of the U.S. if we were to continue -- especially, I would emphasize, under our new and idealistic president-elect -- to violate all standards of justice and decency by keeping the prison open.

            We now know that Republicans and many Democrats prevented President Obama from delivering on that campaign promise.  Even so, U.S. standing and leadership in the world generally improved during the Obama years.  And now we have Trump.

            In my 2008 essay, I used a 1945 movie (Roberto Rossellini's "Rome: Open City") about the Nazi occupation of Rome during the latter part of World War II as a vehicle to consider how the rest of the world thinks about a country.  In that great film, a Nazi officer is depicted as the essence of pure evil, cruel and amused by the pain and death that he could impose on vulnerable people.

            This was, indeed, the general theme of the world's collective memory of that war.  The Allies were the Good Guys and the Axis Powers were the Bad Guys.  And although it is true that history would not be told in that way if the other side had won, the essential point is that Americans were able to say with considerable justification that we had ridden to the rescue of the world when it was faced with unimaginable evil.

            In other words, it was not just that we won.  We had a more than defensible argument that it was good that we won.

            I do not want to overstate the case, of course, because there are certainly plausible arguments that we took too long to act, that the use of the atomic bomb (twice) stains our legacy, and so on.  Without taking a position on any of those issues, however, the point is that the U.S. has since WWII been able to say that we have at least tried to be on the side of human advancement.

            Americans are sure that, unlike that Nazi officer in Rossellini's film, we are not cruel people who inflict pain on other, weaker people for our own gratification.  That is what bad guys do.

            And even those of us who refuse to forget the state-sponsored evils of the Jim Crow era, or the history of the Vietnam War, have always been able to say, "Well, we have never lived up to our highest ideals, but the world still looks to us with hope."  The only question has been how to do a better job of living up to that reputation as we move forward.

            Finding out that "we" tortured people during the Bush era was bad enough.  What was much worse was that the people who ordered the torture never admitted that what they did was a blatant violation of international law, that they were never prosecuted, and that they found champions throughout the American political system -- most obviously among Republicans who thought that the TV show "24" was a how-to manual.

            And then, through an eye-of-the-needle win made possible by one of the many racist and elitist features of our Constitution (the Electoral College), we improbably elected a president who thinks that the world's apparent esteem for the United States is nothing but a cover for laughing at us behind our backs.

            Trump was in fact merely mainstreaming an idea that has been rumbling around in U.S. culture for decades.  In movies and television shows, sometimes seriously and sometimes as a joke, it is hardly uncommon to hear an American say to a Brit, a Frenchman, or anyone else: "You'd be speaking German right now if it wasn't for us, you ingrate!"

            That a reunited (and politically reformed) Germany is the country that is stepping forward to lead where the U.S. has retreated is of some irony.  But the larger point is that even people who have long criticized the U.S. (and again, there are plenty of valid criticisms of U.S. actions over the decades, even as our overall track record has been defensible) have nonetheless had reason to think that we would take the lead to make good things happen.

            For example, sometime in the mid-2000's, I recall watching a TV show that examined how the child abuse scandal that had rocked the Roman Catholic Church was playing out in Ireland.  During a tearful interview with a U.S. news outlet, an Irish activist said words to the effect that "I know the U.S. will do something to make the Irish government do the right thing, if only we can let them know what's happening."

            That an idealistic non-American would be saying this about the U.S., even in the middle of the Bush era, was in some ways astounding, but in other ways it was completely unsurprising and even normal.  We were the superpower that at least had some reputation for doing good for the sake of doing good.  Of course we would do the right thing!

            And now?  Last week, the Pew Research Center published the results of global polls showing that the Trump presidency has delivered a severe blow to the reputation of the U.S. around the world.  The Washington Post quoted Frank Wisner, a former U.S. diplomat:
            "America’s image has taken hits in recent years, from the decision to invade Iraq to the events of 2007 and 2008, when the American financial model took a huge hit.  But the most consequential is the ascent of Mr. Trump to the Oval Office."
            How bad is it?  At the end of the Obama Administration, 64% of the respondents in 37 countries had "confidence" in the U.S. president, as opposed to 22% now.  Showing that the world is still holding on to a historic sense that the U.S. is more than its current president, almost half of respondents still have a "favorable view of the U.S.," but that is down by 15% in 2017 polls compared to 2014-16.

            Those numbers, moreover, are propped up by responses from Russia, where positive views of Trump (53%) show marked improvement from Russians' views of Obama (11% positive), and Israel (where the rise has been much smaller, 49% to 56%).  So other than in two very unique situations (at least one of which does not reflect especially well on Trump), Trump has dealt a huge blow to the reputation of the U.S. around the world.

            The Post's Aaron Blake followed up on the release of the Pew polls with an analysis highlighting four devastating points:

            (1) The world distrusts Trump more than even Vladimir Putin,

            (2) In each of allied countries, 9 out of 10 view Trump as "arrogant," 7 in 10 as "dangerous,"

            (3) Even nationalists don't love Trump, and

            (4) Trump's reputation is already worse than George W. Bush's -- at the depths of his presidency.

            But maybe none of this matters.  It is not as if the U.S. has any right to believe that it will be the most respected nation in the world.  Conservatives argue that America is exceptional for specific reasons, but they usually use those reasons to argue that we should be more politically conservative rather than as a call to take our global leadership seriously.

            Maybe the U.S.'s leadership position in the world was merely a historical accident, and the next stages of history will see our country becoming ever less influential and isolated.  Other commentators have noted that Trump's version of America First is more accurately described as America Alone, so Trump and his followers might even welcome the idea that the world no longer thinks of us as the good guys.

            There is, however, something about the founding documents of the United States that pushes irresistibly against this pessimistic view of the future.

            As noted above, it is not as if those documents (even after amendments that erased the Three-Fifths Compromise and allowed women to vote, among other corrections) are not situated in a history of exploitation and white supremacy.  Consider, for example, that the Declaration of Independence includes this complaint about King George III:
            "He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions."
            Wide-eyed innocence is unwise, of course, but the fact is that even given the complicated historical context, the Declaration and the Constitution are uniquely optimistic statements of human capacity for doing good.  For example, the Declaration of Independence, far from being the anti-tax screed that many Republicans think it is, is actually a call for the rule of law and truly representative government (and taxation with representation).

            The Trump presidency and everything it represents twist and mock the highest ideals of our founding documents.  Worse, Trump represents a catastrophic departure even from this country's highly imperfect and inconsistent efforts to live up to some of those ideals.

            Trump has shown again and again that he sees no reason for the U.S. to do the right thing simply because it is the right thing, because then the world is supposedly "laughing at us."  (As opposed to what is happening now?)  Indeed, it seems unlikely that he knows the difference between right and wrong.

            Everything is supposedly about getting a good "deal," but even there, Trump still does not understand that bargains are supposed to be win-win.  If the other side gets something good out of a deal, then Trump hates it (unless, of course, the other party is an authoritarian government).  Winning means nothing less than total domination.

            This is the mindset of old-style corrupt political bosses and organized criminals.  Government and power more generally are useful for the purposes of enriching oneself and one's (currently useful, but completely expendable) associates.  It appears that Trump thinks we can only be great if we act like wise guys.

            The rest of the world disagrees, of course, as well they should.  Unfortunately, it does not end there.  In the view of Trump and many of his Republican enablers, only some Americans are real Americans.  Trump and the vast majority of his party would happily take away health care from tens of millions of people, because those people evidently do not truly count as the Americans who should benefit from our supposed return to greatness.

            The U.S. government, as it is constituted under Donald Trump, is now making us villains abroad and gratuitously cruel at home.  No matter what one thinks about whether we Americans should be able to think of our country as a unique force for good in the sweep of human history, we are doing real damage to real people everywhere.

            Is it too much to ask, as we celebrate our nation's birth, that we at least stop moving in the wrong direction?
                      Two Pinoy presidents, both extras in the Obama-McCain Duel   
            Published June 10, 2008
            INQUIRER.net

            While the duel between Barack Obama and John McCain features such supporting players as Hillary and Bill Clinton and George W. Bush, the contest also has led to surprising bit roles for two Philippine political figures.

            The most recent one involved President Gloria Arroyo whose bid for a photo op with America's newest political superstar ended in disappointment, another sorry example of a Pinoy politico desperately seeking attention from Washington that the Inquirer editorial board aptly summed up with the word "embarrassing."

            She did get an apology from the Obama camp for their aborted meeting and who knows, Arroyo may still get another chance later on if the presumptive Democratic nominee prevails in November. There was no wail of protest from the FilAm community over the cancellation of the meeting, however, a sign perhaps of how Arroyo is regarded out here. But to the credit of her handlers, they simply let go and did not raise a stink, just glad for the ‘I'm sorry’ letter.
            After all, the last thing Arroyo needs now is to behave the way another former prominent Pinoy politico did four decades ago over a perceived snub from yet another Western superstar, this time a legendary rock and roll band.

            Although granted, it's hard to imagine Arroyo's cohort sending goons to harass Obama in Washington DC the way Imelda Marcos's supporters did when the Beatles were a no-show for the Malacanang party she hosted in their honor in 1966. For John, Paul, George and Ringo, Beatlemania Pinoy-style meant an angry mob literally chasing them out of Manila.

            Not surprisingly, the fiasco over the aborted Arroyo-Obama meeting did not even register a blip on the radar screen of the highly-active US political scene -- unlike the case of another Pinoy politico who also became an extra in the US presidential drama.
            Even more striking, this politician is dead.

            It's unclear if McCain ever met Ferdinand Marcos. He stopped at Clark Air Base after his release from a North Vietnamese prison sometime in 1973 as Marcos was setting up one of the most brutal dictatorships in Southeast Asia with the blessing and aid of the United States. McCain was already a Republican member of the US Congress when Marcos's longtime friend and ally, President Ronald Reagan, welcomed the dictator to Washington during a state visit in 1982, calling him a "respected voice for reason and moderation in international forums."

            I found no record of McCain speaking out against the now repulsive idea of America endorsing a tyrant like Marcos, but in a speech in 2006 -- 20 years after his downfall – Senator McCain spoke of the importance of promoting human rights abroad, recalling how in 1986, "the United States condemned Ferdinand Marcos' sham reelection, we earned the abiding gratitude of the Philippine people, who promptly threw out the dictator."

            That's not exactly the complete story as he conveniently left out the part about Reagan and the Washington establishment praising and bankrolling the Marcos regime even as it rigged elections, threw opponents in jail, tortured them and looted the Philippine treasury. (And how could he forget Imelda's shoes and shopping sprees?)

            Nearly 20 years after Marcos died in Hawaii, however, McCain has unexpectedly had to deal with the despised dictator's ghost.

            In an embarrassing twist, it turned out that Charlie Black, one of McCain's closest advisers, once ran a lobbying firm that represented brutal dictators, including Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire and – you guessed it – Ferdinand Marcos. Black resigned from the firm, BKSH & Associates, and is still with McCain (although he got him in trouble again recently by saying that another terrorist attack against the US would surely help boost his candidate’s chances in November.)

            McCain's Macoy connection created a stir earlier in the race, but it probably won't be decisive in a campaign more focused on such issues as the Iraq War, rising gas prices and the US mortgage meltdown.

            Still, isn't it amazing that nearly two decades after his death, one of the most infamous figures in Philippine and world history continues to rattle the nerves of the living, especially those of his former allies, sponsors and friends in Washington?Perhaps the late dictator was right after all when he declared, "I do not intend to die."
                      Southeast Asia to hold OLI and Intern Training in Cambodia   
            Olivet Leadership Institute in Southeast Asia confirmed the venue for the next program in August. The New Hope Church in Phnom Penh is preparing to hold a regional leadership training session at the end of August. The host city is going to welcome around seventy participants from Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
                      Wollamssam – K-Style Vietnamese Rice Paper Roll   
            Ignoring a few hiccups, my eyeballing and guestimation errors (more at the end of the post), my apartment is finally feeling a little more livable, while it’s far from what I have envisioned, I’m finally starting to settle in. Prior to all the hiccups I’d volunteered to host our mission trip debrief at my new […]
                      Comment on Jacques Sarr is alive and well — and bringing Afrikando back to Seattle! by ts   
            Double shout to Columbia City Bakery. Also Lola's Southside Bakery. In Columbia City: Verve, Island Soul, La Medusa, good ol' Jones BBQ, Kallaloo, the new Saffron, Tutta Bella, Both Ways Cafe (and the neighboring pizza place when it opens!) and Fana's East African (a bit further North than Columbia City) There are also a ton of Vietnamese places on Rainier and MLK.
                      Jackie Chan is facing criticism for playing a Vietnamese character   
            Jackie Chan's latest role is taking him away from his martial arts mastery and letting him show off his acting chops — opposite ex-James Bond Pierce Brosnan, at that. But critics of the Oscar winner's casting in The Foreigner are pointing out the fact that Chan, a Chinese man, is playing a Vietnamese character. The Foreigner involves Chan's character, Quan, a Vietnamese immigrant in London, looking for vengeance...
                      Dịch vụ sửa internet tại nhà TPHCM – VIETNAMIT   

                      Et de 2 pour la mission exploratoire au Vietnam   
            HanoiSuite à la mission exploratoire institutionnelle organisée par Maroc Export à Hanoi au Vietnam du 30 au 31 mars 2015, Maroc Export organise une mission exploratoire II retour du 04 au 05 juillet 2017 vers la même destination. Cette mission exploratoire une mission Sector to Business (S2B), dont l’objectif est
                      Dumb, Dumber, And Dumbest – What Is The Republican Party Doing?   
            What the heck is wrong with the Republicans these days? The once grand old party of Lincoln that had vision and fire is now floundering with series of miscues, inappropriate comments, and actions unbecoming of a representative of the people of the United States.

            DUMB
            To start, here is President Bush doing his open-mouth-insert-foot foreign policy move when he said on May 2: “So, for example, just as an interesting thought for you, there are 350 million people in India who are classified as middle class. That's bigger than America. Their middle class is larger than our entire population. And when you start getting wealth, you start demanding better nutrition and better food. And so demand is high, and that causes the price to go up.”

            What an insensitive thing to say. No wonder the Indians are upset. Instead of accepting them into prosperity and encouraging them to aid the less fortunate, Bush blames them for causing the food prices to go up.

            DUMBER
            Not to let someone else out do him, a dumber Bush moment was in Israel when he addressed the members of the Knesset on May 15: “Some seem to believe that we should negotiate with the terrorists and radicals, as if some ingenious argument will persuade them they have been wrong all along. We have heard this foolish delusion before. As Nazi tanks crossed into Poland in 1939, an American senator declared: "Lord, if I could only have talked to Hitler, all this might have been avoided." We have an obligation to call this what it is -- the false comfort of appeasement, which has been repeatedly discredited by history.”

            OK, that ‘Nazi’ quote was made by William Edgar Borah, a Republican Senator of Idaho. Perhaps Bush identifies with stubborn and headstrong person that Borah was, traits that Bush has exhibited during his Administration. Moreover, the quote was highly inappropriate in such a setting as the Knesset.

            Since 2002, Bush has been aiming comments like this toward North Korea and Iran, two of three nations in the axis of evil: “States like these, and their terrorist allies, constitute an axis of evil, arming to threaten the peace of the world. By seeking weapons of mass destruction, these regimes pose a grave and growing danger. They could provide these arms to terrorists, giving them the means to match their hatred. They could attack our allies or attempt to blackmail the United States.”

            Since then, Bush is negotiating with North Korea and sending them food aid. Sending aid to a rogue country that professes to have nuclear weapons; why are we negotiating with and sending aid to North Korea while posturing with Iran? One of the two key arguments about Iran is that it has weapons of mass destruction. If this is true, then should we not project the same posture with North Korea?

            The second of two key arguments is that Iran supports and sponsors terrorism. OK, then, using this argument, we should be including Syria in the “axis of evil.” After all, our own State Department had labeled Syria as a security threat: “Syria remains a security concern not just because of terrorism, but also because of its pursuit of weapons of mass destruction.” Moreover, Syria “has been on the U.S. list of state sponsors of terrorism since the list's inception in 1979.”

            Why should we not negotiate with Iran if we are willing to force Syria to peace negotiation through legislation and hold talks with North Korea? Even the U.S. Military is suggesting that we negotiate with Syria and Iran to bring peace to Iraq. A November 2007 memo from the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College recommends that the U.S. negotiate: “A diplomatic option involving Syria and Iran appears to be worth exploring if done within the context of a broad regional initiative that includes our regional friends and allies as well as our adversaries.”

            What is the deal with the double standard? Perhaps someone should remind Bush of his own statement on negotiating with terrorists and radicals. On January 10, 2008, Bush said the following, after meeting with President Abbas.

            On negotiation: “Achieving an agreement will require painful political concessions by both sides.”
            On negotiation with Terrorists: “On the Palestinian side that includes confronting terrorists and dismantling terrorist infrastructure.” And “No agreement and no Palestinian state will be born of terror.”

            President Nixon flew to China in 1972 and met with Chairman Mao and Premier Zhou En Lai in Beijing and, later that year, he went to Moscow and negotiated with Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Soviet Union on the SALT I treaty. This was a surprise since Nixon was avowed anti-communist and China and Soviet Union were the enemies, the then axis of evil. The U.S. and the Soviet Union fought each other through proxy battles in the Middle East during the Yom Kippur War and the U.S. and China fought each other through proxy battles in Vietnam.

            President Regan called Soviet Union the “Evil Empire” but met with Mikhail Gorbachev, the General Secretary of the Soviet Union multiple times to conclude the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty.

            Even President George H. Bush (a.k.a. Bush senior) favored diplomatic solutions with Iraq and Saddam Hussein. Even after Iraq invaded Kuwait, he was still willing to negotiate with Iraqis.

            Perhaps, President Bush should have listened to his dad a bit more: “Whose life would be on my hands as the commander-in-chief because I, unilaterally, went beyond the international law, went beyond the stated mission, and said we're going to show our macho? We're going into Baghdad. We're going to be an occupying power — America in an Arab land — with no allies at our side. It would have been disastrous. We don't gain the size of our victory by how many innocent kids running away — even though they're bad guys — that we can slaughter. ... We're American soldiers; we don't do business that way.”

            DUMBEST
            Now, we come to the dumbest Republican moment: Mike Huckabee. Upon hearing a loud bang during his speech to the NRA, Huckabee quipped: “That was Barack Obama. He just tripped off a chair. He's getting ready to speak and somebody aimed a gun at him and he -- he dove for the floor.” (Click here for the video.)

            Huckabee is a Southern Baptist Minister. As a man of faith, there is no excuse for such a comment. Even if he had just said “Obama tripped off a chair,” it would have been in very bad taste as it insinuated that Obama was standing on a chair. Now, why would anyone be ‘standing’ on a chair? Was Huckabee insinuating that Obama is uncivilized and therefore standing on a chair? Or was it more insidious?

            What’s with the comment about aiming a gun at him and having him diving for the floor? Any reasonable person would dive, run, duck, or do everything possible to avoid a gun pointed at said person. Why would a person be aiming a gun at Obama in the first place? Is that a statement that a man of God would make? If you see the video, Huckabee’s comments came out very naturally. There was no hesitation on his part to comment on the sharp sound at Obama’s expense.

            Now, in politics, one can sling mud about an opponent. That’s acceptable. If Huckabee said something along the lines of “That’s Obama slamming the door on American’s right to carry guns”, then Huckabee would have won a very savvy political battle while slinging mud at Obama.

            Mr. Huckabee, for a person who has a sharp mind and wits, to have said what you did is inexcusable. Perhaps, sir, you should re-read Leviticus 19:18.

            NOTE: I had a difficult time choosing between the “DUMBER” moments since Mr. Bush has offered up a lot of them. However, his Nazi comment won out over his ‘I gave up golf to show my respects for the families of fallen soldiers.’ This is only because his comment about giving up golf was made some time ago. (Keith Olbermann has a great commentary on this. Click here for the YouTube video)

            Have a great weekend!

            Regards,
            Ed Kim
            Practical Risk Manager
                      Leggett Supports Plans for Vietnam War Memorial in Wheaton, Dedication Planned for May 2018 (PHOTO)   
            Montgomery County Executive Ike Leggett is supporting efforts by the Commission on Veterans Affairs to establish a Vietnam War Memorial at Wheaton Veterans Park. He sent a letter to the chair of the commission today. “As a former infantry captain who served in Vietnam, I enthusiastically lend my support to the Commission’s application of establishing […]
                      Lifeplan Shiitake Mushroom 480mg 60 Capsules   

            Lifeplan Shiitake Mushroom Capsules 480mg x60
            They provide important nutrients and active ingredients that are not found in other plants. Shiitake (Lentinula edodes) features in many Asian cuisines including Vietnamese, Chinese, Japanese, Korean and Thai.
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            Price: £8.99 Special Price: £5.99


                      Mai Thanh Truyết Và Tôi – Trần Minh Xuân   
            Một hôm, đọc tin trên Net, tôi bất ngờ được biết có một Việt kiều đi trên chuyến bay của Vietnam Airlines, từ Sydney về Sài Gòn, than phiền cung cách điều hành của công ty hàng không Việt Cộng này. Ông ta bực mình không phải vì nó thường bị chậm trể; không phải vì những động tác thông thường của người chiêu đãi viên đáng lẽ phải có như lúc nào họ cũng có trên những chuyến bay của những hãng hàng không khác. Cô chiêu đãi viên hôm đó hành xử rất “kém lịch sự”… như “nặng…
                      Google-like glasses, a flop with consumers, now help blind experience the world   
            Blind for more than 30 years, Paul Mimms — who lost sight in his left eye as a 23-year-old serving in Vietnam and years later lost sight in his right … Click to Continue »
                      Tổng hợp danh sách các công ty bán hàng đa cấp tại Việt Nam   

            Tổng hợp danh sách các công ty bán hàng đa cấp tại Việt Nam


            Hàng độc xin tổng hợp thông tin một số công ty bán hàng đa cấp tại Việt Nam để các bạn chú ý. Các bạn sinh viên mới nhập học và những sinh viên mới ra trường đang trong giai đoạn tìm việc thường rất dễ bị lừa vô vòng xoáy kinh doanh đa cấp. Vì vậy mỗi người chúng ta hãy tự trang bị cho mình kiến thức để không bị rơi vào tình cảnh "Tiến thoái lưỡng an".  Cảm ơn đã theo dõi hàng độc giá rẻ
            Xem thêm: Cách phân biệt công ty đa cấp lừa đảo
            tag: cong ty da cap ; ban hang da cap ; danh sach da cap ; da cap lua dao
            Bắt đầu nhé:( các bạn nhấn tổ hợp phím : Ctrl+F cho dễ tìm)
            Đây là những video mình tổng hợp về việc các công ty đa cấp lừa đảo , các bạn xem và rút kinh nghiệm nhé.
            Đừng để mình lâm vào cảnh trắng tay, nợ nần chồng chất. Hay bị bạn bè người thân xa lánh...
            (Click sang youtube để xem thêm các video khác)

            Công ty Everrichs Global (công ty Everrichs Globel)
            Công ty này có trụ sở tại số 45 Trung Kính - Trung Hòa - Cầu Giấy (Hà Nội) với Giấy phép kinh doanh đa cấp số 0106107151.
            HCM: Số 402 Phạm Văn Hai, Phường 5, Quận Tân Bình, TP. Hồ Chí Minh
            link dân trí : http://dantri.com.vn/kinh-doanh/choang-voi-tu-van-kiem-tien-ty-de-nhu-bon-tai-cong-ty-kinh-doanh-da-cap-1430173358.htm
            link vozforums: https://vozforums.com/showthread.php?t=4192805
            Công ty Liên Kết Việt (Công ty cổ phần Liên kết sản xuất Thương mại Việt Nam)
            bỏ ra 9,3 tỷ đồng, thu về 450 tỷ, tỷ suất lợi nhuận là 4.800% hay 48 lần

            Công ty CP đầu tư toàn cầu Đại Dương Xanh  (Công ty Đại Dương Xanh)
            có địa chỉ tại toà nhà T06/8, KĐT Cổ Nhuế (Từ Liêm - Hà Nội)
            - Nổ thu nhập lên đến 1 tỷ 1 tháng =))

            câu lạc bộ Yêu bản thân (Vital Group
            địa chỉ tại ngõ 72 đường Trần Thái Tông (Cầu Giấy - Hà Nội)
            Hoạt động đa cấp “ma” dụ dỗ hàng loạt người dân của LCB Yêu bản thân dưới danh nghĩa một tập đoàn nước ngoài có tên Vital Group đã được báo Dân trí lật tẩy.

            Công ty TNHH THÀNH ĐẠT TRIỆU SƠN
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Thực phẩm chức năng.

            Giám đốc công ty: Trần Đức Minh

            Trụ sở chính: Tầng 6, 123B Trần Đăng Ninh, P. Dịch Vọng, Q. Cầu Giấy, Hà Nội
            ĐT: (04) 62522333 - Fax: (04) 62521333
            Email: cskhtriso@gmail.com
            Website: www.trisosu.com

            Công ty CP TÂN ÍCH MỸ
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Bán buôn thực phẩm: sữa và các sản phẩm từ sữa, thực phẩm chức năng; Bán lẻ thực phẩm trong các cửa hàng chuyên doanh: sữa và các sản phẩm từ sữa, thực phẩm chức năng.

            Giám đốc công ty: Hoàng Thị Dung

            Trụ sở chính: Lầu 3, Tòa nhà Lữ Gia Plaza, P.15, Q.10, TP.HCM
            ĐT: (08) 62669111 - Fax: (08) 62669222
            Website: www.newimageasia.com.vn

            Công ty TNHH MTV LIÊN KẾT TRIỂN VỌNG
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Bán buôn, bán lẻ mỹ phẩm, thực phẩm chức năng (trừ dược phẩm), vật phẩm vệ sinh. Hoạt động sinh hoạt văn hóa: họp mặt, giao lưu (trừ môi giới kết hôn).

            Chủ tịch Công ty: Ông Su Chu Fa (Trương Sở Phát)

            Trụ sở chính: Tầng 1, Phòng 102, Tòa nhà PVC-Saigon, 11bis Nguyễn Gia Thiều, P.6, Q.3, TP.HCM
            Điện thoại: (08) 3933 1030 – (08) 3933 1032 Fax: (08) 3933 3069
            Email: customerservice@bwl.com.vn
            Website: http://vn.bwlgroup.com

            Công ty TNHH TM LÔ HỘI
            Tổng giám đốc: Trương Thị Nhi

            ĐC: 199 Nam Kỳ Khởi Nghĩa, P.7, Q.3, TP.HCM
            ĐT: 08.39326509 - 39325076 – Fax: 08.39325928
            Email: atclohoi@hcm.vnn.vn
            Website: www.flpvietnam.com

            Chi nhánh tại TP.HCM:
            19C Cộng Hòa, P.12, Q. Tân Bình
            ĐT: 08.39485119 - 39485120 – Fax: 08.39485139

            Chi nhánh tại Hà Nội:
            46 Giang Văn Minh, Q. Ba Đình
            ĐT: 04.37236198 – Fax: 04.37236197
            Email: atclohoihn@flpvietnam.com

            Công ty CPTM MERRO
            - Sản phẩm bảo vệ sức khỏe

            - Mỹ phẩm

            - Sản phẩm gia dụng (máy lọc nước...)

            Giám đốc: Bà Đỗ Thị Thanh Hương

            ĐC: Tầng 1, Tòa nhà INTRACOM, Lô C2F, Cụm sản xuất tiểu thủ CN&CN nhỏ
            P. Dịch Vọng Hậu, Q. Cầu Giấy, Hà Nội
            ĐT: 04.37951244 – Fax: 04.37951245
            Email: merrovietnam@yahoo.com

            Công ty TNHH SX TM DV THIÊN THUẬN MỚI
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Bán buôn, bán lẻ thực phẩm chức năng, nước hoa, mỹ phẩm, chế phẩm vệ sinh, đồng hồ

            Chủ tịch Công ty: Phan Phạm Phú Nam Phương

            Trụ sở chính: 18/38 Vườn Chuối, P.4, Q.3, TP.HCM
            Điện thoại: (08) 6296 8425 – Fax: (08) 6296 8424
            Email: pppnamphuong_u720@yahoo.com.vn

            Công ty TNHH TM-DV VĨNH NHẬT QUANG
            Giám đốc: Bà Nguyễn Thị Kiều My

            ĐC: 278 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, P.6, Q.3, TP.HCM
            ĐT: 08.39309124 - 39309125 - 39309126 – Fax: 08.39309128

            Công ty CP LIÊN KẾT VIỆT NAM (Vinalink Group)
            Phó chủ tịch HĐQT: Ông Vũ Hồng Thái

            ĐC: Lô 106 TT3, Khu Mỹ Đình, Sông Đà, Từ Liêm, Hà Nội
            ĐT: 04.37876502 – Fax: 04.37876506
            chi nhánh :số 156 Phan Xích Long, Phường 2, Quận Phú Nhuận - TP. Hồ Chí Minh
            Công ty TNHH NONI VINA
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Mua bán mỹ phẩm, phụ liệu - dụng cụ làm tóc, hàng may mặc, thực phẩm, nước uống từ trái cây (không kinh doanh dịch vụ ăn uống), mua bán hàng kim khí điện máy, đồ dùng cá nhân và gia đình, hàng thủ công mỹ nghệ, văn phòng phẩm, gốm sứ, thủy tinh, đồ trang sức, đề can, hình dán, băng đĩa có nội dung được phép lưu hành, nón bảo hiểm, áo mưa.

            Tổng giám đốc: Lê Minh Khôi

            Trụ sở chính: 69 Võ Văn Tần, P.6, Q.3, TPHCM
            ĐT: (08) 39306699 – Fax: (08) 39305100

            Công ty CP QUỐC TẾ TÂN ĐẠI TRẠCH
            Giám đốc: Bà Nguyễn Thị Liên
            - Giám đốc cty này có gọi điện cho mình bảo rằng chưa bao giờ kinh doanh đa cấp. Hàng độc xin thưa với chị : Tên công ty chị Hàng độc lấy tại đây:
            Hiệp hội bán hàng đa cấp
            Bạn nào có thông tin thêm về công ty này vui lòng cung cấp vào bình luận mình sẽ cập nhật.
            Đôi lời cùng chị giám đốc:  Đây là danh sách công ty đa cấp được tổng hợp từ nhiều nguồn, những trường hợp đa cấp lừa đảo Hàng độc đã chỉ đích danh. Danh sách này lập ra để tập hợp các công ty đa cấp để mọi người tra cứu (tốt hay xấu tùy mỗi người tự xem xét) và không có "âm mưu" gì như chị đã nói đâu ạ.

            ĐC: 22 Ngõ 151B Phố Thái Hà, Láng Hạ, Đống Đa, Hà Nội
            ĐT: 04.35376908 – Fax: 04.35149132

            Công ty CP QUỐC TẾ VIỆT-AM
            Tổng giám đốc: Ông Võ Nhật Quang

            ĐC: 27A Hoàng Việt, P.4, Q. Tân Bình, TP.HCM
            ĐT: 08.62939525 - 39177490 – Fax: 08.38110729

            Công ty TNHH THẾ GIỚI TOÀN MỸ
            Giám đốc: Ông Tô Văn Hưng

            ĐC: 285B Điện Biên Phủ, P.7, Q.3, TP.HCM
            ĐT: 08.39306118 – Fax: 08.39305941

            Công ty TNHH NEWHOPE
            Giám đốc: Bà Huỳnh Thanh Tâm

            ĐC: 220 (số mới 839) Lũy Bán Bích, P. Tân Thành, Q. Tân Phú, TP.HCM
            ĐT: 08.4084248 – Fax: 08.4089122

            Công ty TNHH MTV XUẤT NHẬP KHẨU VINALINH
            ĐC: 160 Cộng Hòa, P.12, Q.Tân Bình, TP.HCM
            ĐT: 08.38111681 – Fax: 08.38111681
            Email: winalite.vn@winalite.com

            Công ty TNHH TẦM NHÌN VIỆT NAM
            Giám đốc: Ông Đỗ Anh Cường

            ĐC: Nhà A50, Ngõ 61, Trần Duy Hưng, Q. Cầu Giấy, Hà Nội
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            Công ty CP LIÊN KẾT TRI THỨC
            Giám đốc: Bà Trần Vân Anh

            ĐC: Số 8, Ngách 162/17, Phố Nguyễn Tuân, P. Nhân Chính, Q. Thanh Xuân, Hà Nội
            ĐT: 04.62854098 – Fax: 04.62854099

            Công ty TNHH THIÊN NGỌC MINH UY
            ĐẶC BIỆT , NHÂN VIÊN CỦA CÔNG TY NÀY RẤT GIỎI VÕ 

            Giám đốc: Bà Phạm Thị Huy

            ĐC: TTTM 3 tầng, Đường Cầu Diễn, Thôn Kiều Mai, Phú Diễn, Từ Liêm, Hà Nội

            Cơ sở 96b , định công , hà nội 

            cơ sở :chợ Phú Lâm q6
            ĐT: 04.37635230 - 37635232 – Fax: 04.37635231
            Website: www.thngocminhuy.com

            Công ty TNHH MỸ PHẨM THƯỜNG XUÂN(oriflame)
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Mua bán mỹ phẩm; Đại lý mua bán ký gửi hàng hóa; Tư vấn, săn sóc da mặt. Mua bán thực phẩm…

            Giám đốc: Hà Thị Quỳnh Trâm

            Trụ sở chính: 100-102 Nguyễn Văn Trỗi, P.8, Q. Phú Nhuận, TPHCM
            ĐT: (08) 38450452 – Fax: (08) 38458024
            HÀ NỘi: Lầu 3 – Red River Building, 885 Hồng Hà, Q. Hoàn Kiếm. Tel:

            CẦN THƠ: Lầu 1 – số 6 Nguyễn Trãi, Q.Ninh Kiều, TP. Cần Thơ. Tel: 07106252939
            ĐÀ NẴNG: 92 Phan Châu Trinh, Q.Hải Châu, TP.Đà Nẵng. Tel: 0511 3565901

            HẢI PHÒNG: Phòng 410, Tầng 4, Tòa nhà TD Business Center, 20A Lê Hồng Phong, P. Đông Khê, Ngô Quyền, Hải Phòng. Tel: (031) 3556259
            website:
            http://vn.oriflame.com/customer-serv...ml?tag=Contact

            Công ty TNHH THƯƠNG MẠI YAHGO
            Giám đốc: Bà Nguyễn Thị Tố Uyên

            ĐC: Tầng 7, Trung tâm Machinco, KM9, Đường Nguyễn Trãi, Thanh Xuân, Hà Nội
            ĐT: 04.62850391 – Fax: 04.62850393

            Công ty TNHH JEUNESSE TOÀN CẦU VIỆT NAM
            Giám đốc: Bà Lê Lan Anh

            ĐC: Tầng 4, số 200, Nguyễn Lương Bằng, P. Quang Trung, Đống Đa, Hà Nội
            ĐT: 04.38569926 – Fax: 04.38569934

            Công ty TNHH AMWAY VIET NAM
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Sản xuất, gia công, pha trộn, pha chế các sản phẩm tiêu dùng; bao gồm: mỹ phẩm, sản phẩm vệ sinh cá nhân, sản phẩm vệ sinh gia dụng và thực phẩm chức năng; thực hiện các dịch vụ lưu kho, quản lý hàng lưu kho cho khách hàng tiêu thụ sản phẩm của công ty (sản phẩm được dùng để xuất khẩu và tiêu thụ tại thị trường Việt Nam).

            Tổng giám đốc: Ông How Kam Chiong

            Văn phòng: 391 Điện Biên Phủ, P.4, Q.3, TPHCM
            ĐT: (08) 39258200 – Fax: (08) 38326888
            Email: ha.dang.ngoc.thu@amway.com
            Website: www.amway2u.com

            Nhà máy: Lô 230, đường số 4, KCN Amata, P. Long Bình, TP. Biên Hòa, Đồng Nai
            ĐT: (061) 8890800 – Fax: (061) 3936575

            Công ty TNHH MTV HERBALIFE VIỆT NAM
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Thực hiện quyền nhập khẩu; thực hiện quyền phân phối bán buôn; thực hiện quyền phân phối bán lẻ mặt hàng thực phẩm chức năng và mỹ phẩm theo quy định của pháp luật.

            Tổng giám đốc: Nguyễn Quyết Thắng

            Trụ sở chính: 224 Pasteur, P.6, Q.3, TPHCM
            ĐT: (08) 38279191 – Fax: (08) 38279393
            Email: dichvuphanphoi@herbalife.com
            Website: www.herbalife-vietnam.com

            Công ty TNHH MTV SOPHIE MARTIN VIỆT NAM
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Thực hiện quyền nhập khẩu, quyền phân phối bán buôn (không thành lập cơ sở bán buôn) và quyền phân phối bán lẻ (có thành lập 1 cơ sở bán lẻ).

            Tổng giám đốc: Niklas Hans Jonsson

            Trụ sở chính: 84B Trần Quốc Toản, P.8, Q.3, TPHCM
            ĐT: (08) 38204777 – Fax: (08) 38200025
            Website: www.sophieparis.vn

            Công ty TNHH THIÊN SƯ VIỆT NAM(TIENS)
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Sản xuất và kinh doanh các sản phẩm thực phẩm chức năng và hóa mỹ phẩm.

            Tổng giám đốc: Lý Lâm (Li Lin)

            Trụ sở chính: Khu Công nghiệp Đại An, thành phố Hải Dương, tỉnh Hải Dương
            ĐT: (0320) 3555788 – Fax: (0320) 3555780
            Cơ sở : tầng 1 toà nhà ct3 chung cư vimeco đường nguyễn chánh, sau big c thăng long (trần duy hưng, cầu giấy)
            Email: yangyy1@tiens.com.cn
            Website: vn.tiens.com
            Ngoài ra còn 1 số tổ chức đa cấp trá hình:

            TỔ CHỨC GIÁO DỤC NGƯỜI KHỔNG LỒ
            Địa chỉ trụ sở: 35 Nguyễn Kiệm, Phường 3, Quận Gò Vấp, Tp.HCM

            Điện thoại: 08 66 734 168 - Hotline: 0977 33 19 19

            Website: www.nguoikhonglo.vn

            Facebook: www.facebook.com/nguoikhonglo168

            Đa cấp học đường:
            Đơn vị chủ quản: Công ty Cổ phần Tri thức Cộng Đồng Việt.
            Địa chỉ: Tầng 4 – Tòa nhà Đại học Quốc Tế Bắc Hà - Số 54 Vũ Trọng Phụng – Thanh Xuân – Hà Nội.
            Tel: (04).62.63.87.77
            Fax: (84.4)36285692
            Phòng Nội Dung
            Tel: 043 628 0165
            Hotline: 091717 0885 (Ms. Phương Lâm)
            chi nhánh 66 phố vọng
            Chi nhánh Thái Nguyên
            Hotline: 0168 761 66 88
            Email: vinhvietbs.edu@gmail.com
            Địa chỉ: số 2B, đường Chu Văn An, phường Hoàng Văn Thụ, thành phố Thái Nguyên

            Chi nhánh 04 Hàn Thuyên, Bình Thọ, Thủ Đức, TP.HCM

            Email: hdadmin@hocduong.vn

            Mong các bạn sinh viên năm 1 , 2 bỏ chút thời gian vào thớt này , để thêm hiểu biết về 1 vài công ty đa cấp đã và đang mọc lên , bài viết của mình còn nhiều thiếu sót , rất mong những ai biết thông tin thêm về những cty đa cấp (hoặc trá hình ) còn thiếu trong thớt thì xin post để mình update lên #1 , dẫu chỉ là 1 bài viết đóng góp rất nhỏ thôi, nhưng vẫn mong các bạn chú ý đến và đừng sa lầy vào đa cấp vì thiếu hiểu biết 

            update:
            Công ty TNHH SX-TM Hưng Thời Đại (Thành phố Hồ Chí Minh)
            Tên: CTY TNHH SX & TM HƯNG THỜI ĐẠI
            Địa chỉ: 101 Lý Chiêu Hoàng, P.10, Q.6, Tp.HCM
            Điện thoại: 0903 100 785 - 0976 273399
            Fax: (848) 37552139
            Email: centreforwork@yahoo.com
            Website: www.vietnamenterpries.vn
            kinh doanh : máy maxa kinh mạch, Chương Chi Đế Vương(Nấm Ngưu Chương),Tinh dầu cá hồi...
            Đa cấp Vision
            http://vietnam.vipgroup.net/company/activity/
            Thực phẩm bổ sung dinh dưỡng có hoạt chất sinh học
            Classic Hit
            Direct Hit
            Smart Food
            D4X
            Mỹ phẩm
            Healthy Kiss
            Millenium
            Mặt nạ I’MAgeQ
            Trà thảo mộc

            Công ty Cổ phần DV - DL - TMĐT Thịnh Vượng.
            Địa chỉ: 391 Lạc Long Quân, Phường 5, Quận 11, TP. HCM
            RSS Công Ty Cổ Phần DV – DL - TMĐT THỊNH VƯỢNG (Đa Cấp)
            Địa chỉ 391 Lạc Long Quân, Phường 5, Quận 11, Tp. Hcm
            Điện thoại (08) 39756916

            Hệ Thống Kinh Doanh Liên Kết Peso.vn – Peso Affiliate Network
            Tên công ty: CôngTy Cổ Phần Đầu Tư Dogo
            Tên tiếng anh: Dogo Investment Corporation
            Trụ sở chính: Số 04 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, Phường Đakao, Quận 1, TP.HCM
            VPĐD: Số 652 Lê Quang Định, P.1, Q.Gò Vấp, TP.HCM
            Điện thoại: (848) 22216744
            Fax: (848) 22202201
            Giấy Phép kinh doanh số: 0311317377

            CÔNG TY TNHH WORLD NETS VIỆT NAM
            TRỤ SỞ WORLD-NETS HÀ NỘI
            ĐỊA CHỈ: SỐ 9, H1,KHU ĐÔ THỊ MỚI YÊN HÒA, QUẬN CẦU GIẤY, HA NỘI.
            MST: 0105758665
            EMAIL: INFO-HANOI@WORLD-NETS.COM
            CHI NHÁNH WORLD-NETS HỒ CHÍ MINH
            CHI NHÁNH CTY TNHH WORLD NETS VIỆT NAM
            ĐỊA CHỈ: 184/1 LÊ VĂN SỸ P.10, Q.PHÚ NHUẬN, TP.HỒ CHÍ MINH
            617/27, Lê Đức Thọ, phường 15, quận Gò Vấp, TP HCM
            269B Lê Thị Riêng, Khu Phố 5, Phường Thới An, Quận 12, Tp.HCM

            MST: 0105758665-001
            EMAIL: INFO-HCM@WORLD-NETS.COM

            CÔNG TY TNHH ĐẦU TƯ THÔNG MINH TẦM NHÌN VIỆT(Macviet).
            Ngành nghề kinh doanh: Thực phẩm chức năng + SP thương mại điện tử
            Trụ sở chính thì phải: M2-12 Ô số 3 Khu đô thị mới Trung Hòa - Nhân Chính, P. Trung Hòa, Q. Cầu Giấy, Hà Nội.
            Chi nhánh: số 100, tổ 12b, Khương Đình Mới, Phường Khương Đình, Thanh Xuân, Hà Nội
            Điện thoại: 1900 60 56
            Email : info.macviet@gmail.com.
            Website: www.macviet.vn

            Công ty TNHH Thương Mại IGNITE CLUB
            Địa chỉ: 38/6L1 Nguyễn Văn Trỗi, P.15, Q.Phú Nhuận, TP.HCM
            23 Võ Thị Sáu, Phường ĐaKao, Quận 1, TPHCM.
            Tel: 08.35064789

            Công Ty TNHH Truyền Thông -Tư Vấn Đào Tạo NEW LIFE 
            http://newlife.net.vn/thong-tin-lien-he.html

            CÔNG TY CỔ PHẦN HOÀNG KIM THẾ GIA

            Tên giao dịch: HOANG KIM THE GIA JSC
            Trụ sở: 133 An Dương Vương, Phường An Lạc, Quận Bình Tân, Thành Phố Hồ Chí Minh
            Chủ doanh nghiệp: Quách Trung Duy
            Ngành chính: Bán buôn đồ dùng khác cho gia đình

            Công ty TNHH Unicity Việt Nam
            246 Cống Quỳnh, Phường Phạm Ngũ Lão, Quận 1, Tphcm
            Điện thoại : 0919818184 / 0906736996
            website: http://www.unicity.com/vietnam

            Cty TNHH Nu Skin Enterprises Nu Skin Việt Nam

            Địa chỉ: Địa chỉ Chi Nhánh: Tầng 9, Toà nhà MIPEC Tower - 229 đường Tây Sơn, phường Ngã Tư Sở, quận Đống Đa, thành phố Hà Nội.
            Website: www.nuskin.com/vn

            Công ty TNHH Thanh Thành Đạt
            Địa chỉ: Số 34 – Nguyễn Sỹ Sách – TP Vinh – Nghệ An
            Điện thoại: 038.3536366
            Fax: 038.3536373
            chi nhánh 369/10 Nguyễn Thái Bình

            Công ty TNHH Sao Phương Bắc(oriflame)
            Số 864,ngõ 850 Đường Láng,Đống Đa,Hà Nội
            website : http://spb.vn/

            CÔNG TY TNHH bHIP 

            VP Hà Nội: Tầng 20 tòa nhà C'Land 156, Xã Đàn II, Phường Nam Đồng, Đống Đa, Hà Nội
            Điện thoại: 04.3573 9901 - Fax: 04.3573 9903

            VP Hồ Chí Minh: Tầng 7, 538 Cách Mạng Tháng Tám, Phường 11, Quận 3, TP Hồ Chí Minh
            Điện thoại: 08.3990 7263 - Fax: 08.3990 7233

            Website: http://bhipglobal.vn

            Đa cấp GSO-MEDIA (Công ty SAVICOM)
            Phòng 906, Toà nhà 17T1
            Khu đô thị mới Trung Hoà, Phường Trung Hoà, Quận Cầu Giấy, Hà Nội
            Điện thoại: 04.2.510.071; 04.2.511.425
            E-mail: savicom@savicom.com.vn
            Website : http://gso-media.com/home/

            Hệ Thống Kinh Doanh Liên Kết Peso – Peso Affiliate Network(Công Ty Cổ Phần Đầu Tư Dogo)
            Trụ sở chính: R606, tòa nhà Indochina Park Tower, 04 Nguyễn Đình Chiểu, Phường Đakao, Quận 1, TP.HCM
            VPĐD tại Cần Thơ: 17 đường A2, KDC 91B, P.An Khánh, Q.Ninh Kiều, TP.Cần Thơ.
            Địa chỉ:17-19 Đường A2, Kdc 91B, An Khánh, Ninh Kiều, Cần Thơ Công Ty Cổ Phần Đầu Tư Dogo
            website:http://peso.vn/

            Công ty Kết Nối Việt
            Địa chỉ 12 Yên Thế - P2 - Q.Tân Bình
            Điện thoại (84 -8)222 02194 - 0934570373

            Website : www.ketnoiviet.vn

            Công Ty TNHH Tỷ Phú Sóng Thần
            Dịch Vụ Card Đa Năng Việt Gold
            Đ/c: Số 74, Trung Tâm Hành Chính, Dĩ An, Bình Dương

            Công ty cổ phần giáo dục Big Edu
            360, Lý Thái Tổ 1 Quận 3
            Website: www.bigedu.vn

            Công ty Nam Thiên
            SS1N Hồng Lĩnh, P.15 Q.10 TP.HCM
            Lĩnh vực: Thanh toán cước qua điện thoại.
            Thủ đoạn: Tin tuyển dụng đại loại như này:

            - Việc làm bán thời gian quận 10
            - Việc làm thêm buổi tối quận 10
            - Việc làm thêm sinh viên
            CÔNG VIỆC :
            - Tư vấn, chăm sóc khách hàng, phát triển thị trường, làm việc tại văn phòng trên hệ thống điện thoại và máy tính
            - Nhận hóa đơn, thanh toán hoá đơn điện thoại di động thuê bao trả trước và sau, điện thoại bàn, truyền hình cáp và internet .
            (Công Việc cụ thể trao đổi trong buổi PV)

            Viet Am Group
            Liên hệ: 27A Hoàng Việt - P.4 - Q. Tân Bình - TPHCM.
            Hotline: 093.4000.769
            website :http://www.vietamgroup.com.vn/

            Công ty K-link việt nam
            Địa chỉ:
            Số 100, Phố Ngụy Như Kon Tum, Thanh Xuân, Hà Nội
            Hà Nội
            Vietnam
            Điện thoại: (04)62.854.098 - (04)2.234.9898
            Fax: (04)62.854.099
            http://k-link.vn

            Công ty TNHH TM DV YÊN THÁI
            Trụ sở 325 Ngọc Thụy, Long Biên , HN

            Công Ty TNHH Genesis PURE Việt Nam

            Địa chỉ: Tầng 7, tòa nhà Oriental Tower, số 324 Tây Sơn
            Phường Ngã Tư Sở, Quận Đống Đa, Hà Nội
            Phone: 844.356 431 40
            Fax : 844.356 431 43
            www.genesispure.vn

            CÔNG TY TNHH TÂN HOÀNG ĐẠT 

            Địa chỉ 21/328 Cao Bá Quát, Quận 1, Hcm
            Điện thoại 086 255 9736
            Quy mô Không xác định
            Mô tả CÔNG TY CHUYÊN NK CÁC MẶT HÀNG RƯỢU, BIA, NƯỚC NGỌT.... VÀ CÁC THỰC PHẨM CHỨC NĂNG, THỜI TRANG BA LÔ TÚI SÁCH - NHẬP KHẨU TỪ CHÂU ÂU........

            CÔNG TY TNHH ELKEN INTERNATIONAL VIỆT NAM
            Địa chỉ: 117 Điện Biên Phủ, phường Đa Kao, quận 1, TP. HCM, Việt Nam

            ĐT: (+84) (08) 6261 7711 / 7722
            Fax: (+84) (08) 6261 7766
            Email: info@elken.com.vn

            Organo Gold Việt Nam
            Hotline : 0916891221/0945962662(Mr Nam)
            E-mail : nguyentuannam.og@gmail.com
            Tại Hà Nội : 92 Nguyễn Khang, Cầu Giấy, Hà Nội
            Hệ thống Website Organo Gold Việt Nam : Organogoldviet.vn; Organogold.net.vn

            Synergy WorldWide

            Address
            Tòa nhà New Center Building
            Số 27 – Tổ 41 Đô thị mới Trung Hòa – Nhân Chính
            Quận Cầu Giấy – Hà Nội
            Việt Nam
            Phone
            (84) 43 5562535
            (84) 43 5562800

            công ty cổ phần và đạo tạo Cánh Cung
            Liên hệ:
            Website: canhcung.net – Email: info@canhcung.net
            Điện thoại: 08 6657 29 69 – Hotline: 0907 09 39 02
            Địa chỉ: Lầu 2, 35 Vũ Huy Tấn, F3, Q. Bình Thạnh, Tp.HCM
            Điện thoại: 01206000982
            Web: canhcung.net
            Website: phamngocha.weebly.com

            Công Ty TNHH Mỹ Phẩm Avon Việt Nam

            Địa chỉ: 186A, Nam Kỳ Khởi Nghĩa, Q.3, TP.HCM
            Tell: (848) 930 4018
            Fax: (848) 930 3263
            Bài viết tổng hợp từ nhiều nguồn: tinhte.vn, vozforum...

                      Nhiều người hiểu sai về bán hàng đa cấp   

            Nhiều người hiểu sai về bán hàng đa cấp

            Bán hàng đa cấp kinh doanh hàng hóa chất lượng theo quy chuẩn với giá cả, hoa hồng minh bạch rõ ràng nhưng đôi khi bị “đánh đồng” với mô hình kim tự tháp- nơi người tham gia có thu nhập từ phí, tiền đặt cọc của những người mới.
            Bán hàng đa cấp & Mô hình kim tự tháp: Nhiều khác biệt
            Bán hàng đa cấp (BHĐC) là một trong những loại hình kinh doanh mới tại Việt Nam, cũng chính sự mới mẻ của lĩnh vực này và sự xuất hiện đồng thời của những biến tướng như bán hàng đa cấp theo mô hình kim tự tháp trong thời gian qua đã tạo nên cách nhìn chưa toàn diện, đầy đủ, thậm chí đôi khi khá tiêu cực của công luận đối với lĩnh vực này.
            Theo khoản 10 - Điều 3 - Nghị định 42/2014/NĐ-CP về Quản lý hoạt động BHĐC: “Kinh doanh theo mô hình kim tự tháp là việc tiến hành hoạt động kinh doanh theo phương thức đa cấp, trong đó thu nhập của người tham gia xuất phát chủ yếu từ: việc tuyển dụng người tham gia mới; việc gia hạn hợp đồng của người đã tham gia; phí, tiền đặt cọc hoặc khoản đầu tư của người tham gia trong mạng lưới”.
            ss
            Amway thường xuyên tổ chức các buổi huấn luyện quy tắc đạo đức cho nhà phân phối
            Có thể thấy, mô hình bán hàng kim tự tháp là một dạng biến tướng của BHĐC và vốn dĩ không phải là ngành thương mại hợp pháp; bởi lẽ mô hình này không có sự bảo vệ thật sự dành cho người tham gia mà thay vào đó thường yêu cầu hoặc khuyến khích người tham gia phải trả trước một khoản tiền lớn.
            Khác biệt cơ bản của bán hàng đa cấp với mô hình kim tự tháp là công ty bán hàng đa cấp có bộ quy chuẩn đạo đức kinh doanh và được triển khai thực hiện, giám sát một cách công khai, minh bạch.
            Thêm vào đó, các công ty BHĐC có chính sách trả hàng với giá cả, điều khoản thanh toán rõ ràng, chính sách hoa hồng cũng rõ ràng, minh bạch, hàng hóa đảm bảo chất lượng theo quy chuẩn của Bộ Y Tế Việt Nam, vì vậy doanh nghiệp không tìm cách bán được hàng bằng mọi giá.
            Trong khi đó, mô hình kim tự tháp chủ yếu xây dựng mạng lưới và khai thác từ chính các thành viên; Thực hiện quảng bá vô tội vạ và không chịu trách nhiệm về chất lượng sản phẩm được chào bán…
            ss
            Trong lễ khai trương nhà máy thứ 2 của Amway tại Việt Nam, ông Steve Van Andel - Chủ tịch tập đoàn Amway đã trao 500 triệu ủng hộ Quỹ Bảo Trợ Trẻ Em Tỉnh Bình Dương
            Để hạn chế mô hình kinh doanh kim tự tháp, Hiệp hội Bán hàng Trực tiếp Mỹ đã xây dựng bộ Quy tắc Đạo đức và áp dụng trên toàn thế giới. Trong đó nghiêm cấm các hành vi tuyển dụng và bán hàng không công bằng hay lừa đảo; nghiêm cấm mô hình kinh doanh kim tự tháp; nghiêm cấm các hành vi đề cập tới thu nhập không có chứng cứ…
            Không riêng ở Mỹ, trên thế giới cũng có hẳn một bộ “Quy tắc đạo đức trong ngành Bán hàng Trực tiếp”. Trong đó bắt buộc các Hiệp hội Bán hàng Trực tiếp phải thực hiện các quy tắc này hoặc phải có các quy tắc tương đương; đồng thời các công ty thành viên của hiệp hội cũng bắt buộc phải tuân thủ bộ quy tắc này.
            Hiện nay, Hiệp hội bán hàng đa cấp Việt Nam cũng đã và đang tăng cường cơ chế giám sát đối với các thành viên thông qua việc xây dựng Bộ Quy tắc Đạo đức dành cho các cá nhân và tổ chức bán hàng đa cấp tại Việt Nam nhằm mục đích khuyến khích các thông lệ kinh doanh chuẩn mực; thể hiện nỗ lực và quyết tâm bảo vệ quyền lợi người tiêu dùng, và thúc đẩy việc tự nguyện tuân thủ.
            Amway Việt Nam quản lý chặt từ bên trong
            Trong cơn bão dư luận trái chiều về hoạt động của ngành bán hàng đa cấp tại Việt Nam thời gian qua, việc các doanh nghiệp BHĐC chủ động theo đuổi các giá trị kinh doanh thông qua việc phổ biến và đào tạo cho nhân viên, cũng như nhà phân phối, các đối tác trong mạng lưới kinh doanh của mình là một nỗ lực đáng khích lệ.
            Một số ít doanh nghiệp trong mô hình BHĐC này như Amway Việt Nam đã can đảm nói “không” với hoạt động kinh doanh không lành mạnh, bất chấp việc các doanh nghiệp này sẽ gặp phải không ít khó khăn trong việc giữ chân nhà phân phối, giảm doanh số bán hàng, nhất là trong bối cảnh cạnh tranh gay gắt như hiện nay.
            Tuy nhiên, với các động thái tích cực trên, các doanh nghiệp trong mô hình này đang vạch ra cho mình một kim chỉ nam hoạt động đúng đắn và một chiến lược phát triển bền và chắc.
            Việc tuân thủ các quy tắc ứng xử trong kinh doanh, thực hiện quy định của các cơ quan quản lý sẽ là nền tảng và động lực thúc đẩy các doanh nghiệp bán hàng đa cấp phát triển bền vững, chứ không chạy theo lợi nhuận trước mắt.
            Bởi lý do đó, Amway luôn xác định xây dựng nền tảng vững chắc cho sự phát triển bền vững tại thị trường Việt Nam bằng cách tuân thủ các quy định của luật pháp, phát triển sản xuất, đào tạo và huấn luyện đội ngũ nhân viên và nhà phân phối, hợp tác với các cơ quan chính phủ và giới truyền thông, nhằm nâng cao nhận thức xã hội về bán hàng đa cấp.

                      Nutrilite: Tinh túy thiên nhiên diệu kỳ cho sức khỏe   

            Nutrilite: Tinh túy thiên nhiên diệu kỳ cho sức khỏe

            Nhờ những ứng dụng khoa học, Nutrilite được bào chế ra dựa trên sự kết hợp tinh túy gồm dinh dưỡng, vitamins, khoáng chất của các loại cây củ quả. Đây là thực phẩm bổ sung rất tốt cho cơ thể.

            Chắt lọc tinh tuý từ thiên nhiên

            Ni-tơ vốn là dưỡng chất có trong đất rất cần thiết cho sự phát triển của cây. Ni-tơ lại được sản sinh ra nhiều nhất từ các cây họ đậu, vì vậy, tại hầu hết các cánh đồng hữu cơ trước khi bước vào vụ mùa trồng trọt, các cây họ đậu được trồng phủ khắp các cánh đồng để cung cấp nguồn Ni-tơ dồi dào cho đất. Các loại giun cũng được tận dụng để làm đất tơi xốp, giúp rễ cây họ đậu có thể phát triển sâu và xa hơn xuống đất.
            tinh túy, thiên nhiên, khoáng chất , Nutrilite, vitamin, thực phẩm, bổ sung

            Chuẩn bị vào mùa, người ta phủ ni-lông lên cây họ đậu để chúng héo tự nhiên, trở thành phân bón cho đất. Khi đất trồng trở nên phì nhiêu, màu mỡ các loại thực vật sẽ được gieo trồng, việc tưới tiêu hoàn toàn bằng mạch nước ngầm. Để bảo vệ cánh đồng khỏi sự phá hoại của côn trùng, chim và các loài sâu bọ khác, người ta sử dụng ấu trùng bọ rùa và động vật phù du cũng như đại bàng và chim cú để đảm bảo môi trường tự nhiên nhất cho nông trại.
            Vào mùa thu hoạch, cây trái sẽ được gặt hái tại những giai đoạn khác nhau khi mà chất dinh dưỡng được tích tụ nhiều nhất và chỉ những bộ phận cho giá trị dinh dưỡng cao nhất mới được thu hoạch. Thời kì hậu thu hoạch, những đàn cừu được thả ra để chúng ăn sạch gốc rạ và những phần còn sót lại trên cánh đồng. Sau khi trồng và thu hoạch trong vòng 3-4 năm, cánh đồng sẽ được “nghỉ ngơi” 1 năm để phục hồi độ phì nhiêu.
            tinh túy, thiên nhiên, khoáng chất , Nutrilite, vitamin, thực phẩm, bổ sung

            tinh túy, thiên nhiên, khoáng chất , Nutrilite, vitamin, thực phẩm, bổ sung
            Quy trình chiết xuất dưỡng chất kỳ diệu
            Để giữ các dưỡng chất quý giá từ thực vật còn nguyên vẹn trong quá trình xử lý, các nhà sản xuất rất chú trọng đến quy trình chiết xuất dưỡng chất thực vật. Một trong những quy trình chiết xuất tuân thủ theo Phương pháp thực hành tốt sản xuất (GMP), được khuyến cáo bởi Tổ chức Y tế thế giới (WHO) là quy trình của Nutrilite thuộc tập đoàn Amway.
            tinh túy, thiên nhiên, khoáng chất , Nutrilite, vitamin, thực phẩm, bổ sung
            Sau khi thu hoạch, các nguyên liệu thực vật được đưa thẳng đến quy trình sấy khô ở nhiệt độ thấp, nước trong nguyên liệu sẽ được bốc hơi hết còn hàm lượng chất dinh dưỡng vẫn nguyên vẹn. Mặt khác, Nutrilite cũng áp dụng phương pháp “sấy phun” trong vòng 1 giây để bảo vệ các chất dinh dưỡng khi gặp nhiệt độ cao. Ở quy trình nén, bản chất tự nhiên của các dưỡng chất được xem xét kỹ lưỡng. Các dưỡng chất chiết xuất từ thực vật được trộn đều và nén thành các sản phẩm khác nhau tuỳ theo kích cỡ, cấu trúc, độ kết dính và độ cứng.

            Quy trình công nghệ “chiết xuất thực vật” của Nutrilite được cải thiện liên tục trong vòng 75 năm qua. Quy trình kiểm tra chất lượng sản phẩm được các nhà khoa học của Nutrilite tiến hành khoảng 400.000 lần mỗi năm. Mỗi lô sản phẩm phải vượt qua 300 cách thức kiểm tra về chất lượng.

            Bằng cách vận dụng các quy trình chiết xuất bảo toàn giá trị dinh dưỡng cao của các sản phẩm thu được từ thiên nhiên, Nutrilite luôn mang đến cho con người những sản phẩm bổ sung dinh dưỡng là sự kết hợp tốt nhất của tự nhiên và khoa học.
            tinh túy, thiên nhiên, khoáng chất , Nutrilite, vitamin, thực phẩm, bổ sung
            Nutrilite thuộc tập đoàn Amway là nhãn hiệu duy nhất trên thế giới về vitamin và khoáng chất có quy trình trồng trọt, thu hoạch và chế biến trên chính các trang trại hữu cơ được chứng nhận.

            Theo nghiên cứu của Euromonitor 2013, các sản phẩm Nutrilite được phát triển để phục vụ nhu cầu dinh dưỡng hàng ngày, tăng cường sức khỏe tim mạch, giúp xương chắc khỏe và kiểm soát cân nặng. Nutrilite hiện là thương hiệu bổ sung dinh dưỡng và khoáng chất hàng đầu thế giới với các sản phẩm chủ lực:

            • Thực phẩm bổ sung Nutrilite Protein thực vật
            • Thực phẩm bổ sung Vitamin và Khoáng Chất Hàng Ngày Nutrilite
            • Thực phẩm chức nãng Vitamin & Khoáng chất tổng hợp Nutrilite
            • Thực phẩm bổ sung B Complex Nutrilite
            • Thực phẩm chức nãng Viên bổ sung Vitamin C
            • Thực phẩm bổ sung Parselenium E
            • Thực phẩm bổ sung Sắt & Axít Folic Nutrilite
            • Thực phẩm bổ sung Canxi & Magiê Nutrilite
            • Thực phẩm chức nãng Nutrilite Glucosamine
            • Thực phẩm chức nãng bảo vệ Gan Nutrilite Milk Thistle & Dandelion
            • Thực phẩm bổ sung Chất Xơ Từ Rau Quả Nutrilite
            • Bột hòa tan Nutrilite Active 8 - vị cam
            • Thực phẩm bổ sung Nutrilite Salmon Omega-3

                      Trump strikes at China with arms sales to Taiwan   
            Crazy hot this weekend on the coast, but good riding.

            The Trump Administration State Department released a large arms deal for Taiwan, something which has been long predicted but had been held up. According to Defense News, the deal was worth $1.3 on the surface, but will need Congressional approval and may end up below that figure. Lawmakers have 30 days to object, according to AP....
            The State Department has approved arms sales to Taiwan worth a total of $1.4 billion, the first such deal with the self-governing island since President Donald Trump took office, officials said Thursday.

            The sale will anger China, which regards Taiwan as part of its territory. It comes at a delicate time for relations between Washington and Beijing over efforts to rein in nuclear-armed North Korea.
            Note that the routine formula is followed: we learn that China will be angry, but we do not learn that the people of Taiwan -- our ally! -- will gain protection. Thus, the framing is entirely negative. Sad. Further down, we are told the relationship has deteriorated but not that Beijing was the cause. Why are there alt-facts? Because the media refuses to accurately describe the world.

            I've placed the Nelson Report comments on the arms sale at the bottom of this post, but one quote from an anonymous and well placed Nelson Report reader said it all:
            "Chris, word on the street is that WH has called this "F- China Month".
            A longtime and knowledgeable observer said that Washington was rapidly accepting that it would need to stop delaying arms sales so that they can be rolled out in packages. Rather, they would have to be sent to Congress as soon as the Pentagon approves them. This would increase the deterrent effect. US-Taiwan Business Council head Rupert Hammond-Chambers added
            “The Council supports the return to a normal and regular process for assessing all Taiwan arms sales requests and sales. Packaging several years’ worth of items drives up the overall dollar value of each tranche of notifications. Each Taiwan arms sale also becomes a rare and compelling event, drawing significantly more attention than it might otherwise garner. This creates a more substantial opportunity for Chinese protests and posturing in response to each sale, protests that have had a deterrent effect on U.S. willingness to release needed but advanced systems to Taiwan - such as new-build fighters and submarines. It would be in the U.S. interest to provide less of an impetus for Chinese protests in response to Taiwan arms sales, and moving away from packaging would be a substantial step in the right direction.”
            Recall that this package was delayed by the Obama Administration -- an actual sellout of Taiwan's interests to please China.

            The US-Taiwan Business Council says the deal is for...
            The published FMS Congressional Notifications (transmittal numbers 16-67, 16-68, 16-69, 16-70, 16-73, 16-74, and 16-75) were for SM-2 Block IIIA All-Up Rounds, associated equipment and technical support (US$125 million); MK 54 Lightweight Torpedo Conversion Kits, spare parts and other support and assistance (US$175 million); MK 48 Mod 6AT Heavyweight Torpedoes, other support, spare parts, training, and assistance (US$250 million); Hardware, software, and other upgrades to the AN/SLQ-32(V)3 Electronic Warfare Systems supporting Taiwan’s KEELUNG Class destroyers (US$80 million); AGM-154C JSOW Air-to-Ground Missiles, spare/repair parts and other support and assistance (US$185.5 million); AGM-88B HARMs and Training HARMs, spare/repair parts, testing, and other support and assistance (US$147.5 million); SRP Operations and Maintenance follow-on sustainment (US$400 million).[i]
            Note that these are largely upgrades and additions to current systems. Nothing really major here. Details are here. ADDED: Note comment below about the package actually having some new/interesting things...

            Meanwhile this week a Senate Committee backs a bill calling for port calls in Taiwan by US naval ships (FocusTw):
            The Armed Services Committee of the U.S. Senate on Wednesday approved a provision that will allow U.S. naval vessels to make regular stops at Taiwanese ports.

            The provision was adopted by a vote 21-6 as part of the National Defense Authorization Act for 2018, which will now move on to the full Senate for consideration.

            It stipulates re-establishing "regular ports of call by the U.S. Navy at Kaohsiung or any other suitable ports in Taiwan" and permitting "U.S. Pacific Command to receive ports of call by Taiwan," according to a summary of the bill.
            It also calls for the US to provide technical support for weapons development in Taiwan, for indigenous undersea warfare vehicles (subs!!) and mines. China had a fainting spell and called for smelling salts over this. UPDATE: Apparently ROCN visits to PACOM ports such as Guam, Hawaii, and Yokusaka are also included in this, a Navy friend tells me.

            This is good news all around. It illustrates the old observation that whenever the US moves farther from China it moves closer to Taiwan. By the same token, it shows that Taiwan will always be at the mercy of the US relationship with China. But I don't expect that relationship to improve much... especially since the US sanctioned Chinese banks for dealing with N Korea. A clear signal, that....
            ____________
            Daily Links:
            Below READ MORE is the Nelson Report:


            SUMMARY: the Administration delivered a "one-two punch" today for anyone who thinks that Xi Jinping somehow snowed Trump into going easy on Beijing because of alleged help on N. Korea, and being "transactional" on the vital question of helping Taiwan keep some semblance of an effective defense capability to deter PLA adventurism in a crisis:
            First, while Xi is still in Hong Kong (!) State announced a $1.4 billion arms sale package; then Treasury's OFAC announced it was finally implementing some "secondary sanctions" against Chinese banks and businesses still underwriting the Kim Regime in N. Korea despite Beijing's claims to oppose Kim's nukes, missiles and threats to one and all.
            Both come just before a Xi-Trump bilateral at the Hamburg G-20, and that coincides with the end of what a frankly sarcastic player calls "the Magic 100 Day Trade Review", virtually guaranteeing more will come as various "enforcement" decisions come due. Steel, anyone?
            A senior US-China hand preferring ANON status:
            "You have to read the OFAC decision as a 'vote of no confidence' by Trump in terms of Xi's willingness or ability to somehow 'fix' the N. Korea problem.  Trump now apparently realizes that the Chinese will always disappoint him. In fact, that they are built to do that!"
            National Security Advisor McMaster was politer yesterday at the Center for a New American Security, saying China represents a vital lever to pressure North Korea to step back from nuclear weapons.     
            "I think one the key elements of the strategy is that decision, how much China is able, really willing, able to help," McMaster said. "China does have a great deal of control over that situation, largely through coercive power related to its economic relations...The North Korean problem is not a problem between the United States and North Korea. It's a problem between North Korea, China and the world. And China recognizes that this is a big problem for them..."
            God help us, Treasury is Tweeting, also:
            Treasury targets Chinese bank serving as gateway for illicit N Korean financial activity, and issues sanctions: treasury.gov/press-center/p...
            Looking at the big picture, Loyal Reader Frank Jannuzi, Mansfield Foundation:
            "These are modest steps, probably long overdue from a technical standpoint.  That said, these moves will not significantly curtail China-DPRK trade and investment or encourage Beijing to be more cooperative at the UN.  To the contrary, Trump's mercurial nature will likely undercut Chinese support for U.S. pressure tactics and exacerbate growing tensions in U.S.-China relations.  Gonna be a long hot summer..."
            Oh yeah!! Here's an ANON quote on which the protection need is self-evident, both on content and point of origin:
            "Chris, word on the street is that WH has called this "F- China Month".
            Sigh, so much for good taste. Scroll down for the gory details of Trump's latest "mercurial". Here's the arms sale story from the official "background brief", attributable to a "U.S. Government official":
            This afternoon, the Department of State approved and delivered Congressional notifications for several sales to Taiwan cumulatively valued at approximately $1.4 billion. The notifications from DSCA are attached.
            Systems include:
            ·        Early Warning Radar Surveillance Technical Support ($400 million)
            ·        AGM-154C Joint Stand-off Weapon (JSOW) ($185.5 million)
            ·        AGM-88 High-Speed Anti-Radiation (HARM) Missiles ($147.5 million)
            ·        MK 48 6AT Heavy Weight Torpedoes ($250 million)
            ·        MK 46 to MK-54 Torpedo Upgrade ($175 million)
            ·        SM-2 Missile Components ($125 million)
            ·        AN/SLQ-32A Electronic Warfare (EW) Shipboard Suite Upgrade ($80 million) 
            The Administration has formally notified Congress of seven proposed defense sales for Taiwan cumulatively valued at $1.3 billion.
            Under long-standing U.S. policy, U.S. arms sales to Taiwan are guided by the Taiwan Relations Act and based on an assessment of Taiwan's defense needs. There is no change to our longstanding "one China" policy based on the Three Joint Communiques and the Taiwan Relations Act. Today's notifications are consistent with the Taiwan Relations Act, and our support for Taiwan's ability to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability.
            These sales represent upgrades including converting current defensive legacy systems from analog to digital.
            Across decades and Presidential Administrations, the United States has remained deeply committed to meeting Taiwan's defense needs. This Administration is resolved to fully implement the provisions of the Taiwan Relations Act under which the United States makes available to Taiwan defense articles and services in such quantity necessary to enable Taiwan to maintain a sufficient self-defense capability.
            Taiwan's defensive capability gives it the confidence to engage with the mainland in dialogue to improve cross-Strait relations.  In this context, our arms sales to Taiwan support peace and stability -- not only in the Taiwan Strait, but also in the entire Asia Pacific region. We support further development of cross-Strait relations at a pace and scope acceptable to people on both sides of the Taiwan Strait.
            Here's the AP story, which needs a couple of clarification/corrections:

            US approves 1st arms sale to Taiwan under Trump

            [story removed]

            Your Editor: two points...first, the TRA does not "require" arms sales, but it doesrequire that the Administration consult with Congress on what is needed to help Taiwan preserve the peaceful status quo vis a vis the Mainland. 

            Perhaps this misunderstanding accounts for our second concern, the claim that today's announcement does not "violate" the TRA. Huh!?  How did anyone at State get that idea? Matt is a valued colleague and experienced reporter, so we have nodoubt he quoted Nauret accurately...

            _______________________
            Don't miss the comments below! And check out my blog and its sidebars for events, links to previous posts and picture posts, and scores of links to other Taiwan blogs and forums!

                      ハマってます♡ ベトナムコーヒーゼリーパフェ   
            最近のマイブームはこれ。ミニストップの「ベトナムコーヒーゼリーパフェ」。
            ベトナムコーヒーの苦味とローストシュガーのジャリジャリ感にコーヒーミルクのコク、癖になります。
            パフェと聞いてカロリー高めを想像してしまうのですが、なんとこのパフェ150カロリー前後。
            食べても安心、ヘタなスイーツより全然カロリー低いんですよ~!

            イメージ 1



            近くにミニストップがある人は騙されたと思って食べてみて!
            絶対ハマルはず。

            ベトナムコーヒーゼリーパフェ
            http://www.ministop.co.jp/ministopfan/parfait/vietnamien.html

                      2017: Tʜᴇ Mᴏᴠɪᴇs part two   
            .

            In theaters:


            The Boss Baby (2017): I wasn't that interested in this movie until I read an article saying that the filmmakers tried to bring a traditional 2D sensibility to 3D animation. The books (1, 2) are great reads---at least as the current owner of a baby I think so---but the trailer showed that the movie was going to stray pretty far from the basic concept they present. In fact, having now seen the movie, it introduces even more high-concept nonsense that could very well have overwhelmed it with bad attempts at making absurdity rational. Many a kids' movie has perished under such a pressing. What makes Boss Baby not only survive but thrive under this weight is its open embrace of childhood imagination. And the 2D sensibility comes into play here. Many of the openly imagined scenes look crafted by Mary Blair or other midcentury concept artists / Golden Books illustrators. In other words, this film gives us what we think we want from a modern animated film, and delivers it through the medium of what our souls actually crave. I hope it's a harbinger.

            Guardians of the Galaxy Vol. 2 (2017): This is just pure, crackling entertainment. Laffs. Tears. Surprises. Action. Reversals. Reveals. Joy. Sadness. Explosions. Suggestions of depth. Arguments for meaning. Color. Charm. Pleasure.

            Wonder Woman (2017): Another great superhero movie with more than the average blockbuster's amount of depth. A lot of the movies wonder grows from watching Diana develop from a naif to one with wisdom. It's hard-earned. But Gal Gadot was up to the task. If this role doesn't overwhelm our impressions of her, she'll be around a long long time and should have an interesting career. Also: her theme is one of the greatest of all time. The first time I heard it (earliest trailer) it already felt like it had been hers since the birth of metal.



            At home:


            Back to the Future (1985): With bis brothers both gone to Grandma's a couple days, son #2 deserved something special and in this case that was letting him watch a movie he's been begging to watch ever since his older brother got to see it two Decembers ago. I wasn't so excited to see it again so soon, but wanted the experience to be as special for him as he hoped it would be. So I faked enthusiasm. Didn't take long for the enthusiasm to turn real, however, as, let's face it: this is a pretty great movie. Of course, no he wants to watch the sequels....

            The Puffy Chair (2005): Ah, the birth of mumblecore! The movie that launched an empire! This film was filmed on the cheap* (and it shows), but it's well written and well acted and small enough to fit in the budget. I'll never watch it again and I don't know that I would necessarily recommend it, but I get why it's a touchstone and I thought it was truthful about things in a way that I understood, even if this is not my life. (In a way that, say Linklater's Dazed or Boyhood did not for me.)

            Son of Kong (1933): This is a straight sequel to the original King Kong, bringing back several key and side players of the original cast (or crew, I suppose, being primarily men of the ship). The set-up is strong, but it loses its way a bit on the island---Kong junior plays for laughs a few times, mugging the camera and everything. And just as the story is taking off, they find treasure and a simultaneous earthquake/hurricane destroys the island. So while a lot of the instincts here were good, the execution of the last two acts gets more rushed and more sloppy until it's suddenly just over. Still: kid-friendly.

            A Town Called Panic (2009): The kids got into this almost immediately, notwithstanding their aversion for subtitles. And of course! It's hilarious! But what interests me about the film is how much madness and absurdity it manages to hang on an extremely traditional structure.

            Hunt for the Wilderpeople (2016): I'm still filled with regret for not voting with my dollars and seeing this in theaters last summer, but hey! We watched it! It was good! My stomach doesn't ache from laughing as I expected, but it was funny---Sam Neill is brilliant, the kid is ... um, is "the boy Rebel Wilson" unkind? And Rhys Darby is a bleeding treasure. My dad would love this movie ... I'll bet you will too.

            Fun and Fancy Free (1947): Although I've seen "Bongo" a time or three and "Mickey and the Beanstalk" many many times, I'm not sure I've seen the full, connected package before. (And I'm fairly certain I'm more familiar with the Ludwig Von Drake-narrated version of M&thBs that was made for tv.) To my surprise, the kids' favorite part of the show was probably Charlie McCarthy's snide remarks. Time to break out the Bergen!

            To Walk Invisible: The Bronte Sisters (2016): I was confused the first half hour because I was certain the severe stout sister must be Anne and confused at the role she was taking in the family. Once I got the casting sorted out, I did much better. The cinematography is beautiful. And you know, for all the tragedy, what a family to be born into.

            Midnight Special (2016): Acting, editing, cinematography, etc very real. As Lady Steed says, "It felt real. Like it could really happen." The end even has realistic loose ends. In fact, it seemed to suggest new loose ends (was that flicker a "twist"?). And I didn't like the Tomorrowland-esque visuals at the end. I don't know that attempting to execute, say, a heavenly look would have been better or not. I dunno. It's weird for such a good movie to be rather ungood. Perhaps---perhaps it improves with further viewings. I can see that.

            Hunt for the Wilderpeople (2016
            ): We watched it with the boys and I have to say: it's better the second time.

            Noroît (1976): This is a strange, strange movie. Which is fine, but in this case I think I would have been well served to do some reading up on it before digging in. The way it uses an old play in English (probably by Middleton) and the artistic choice to reimagine the utility of language in film took me most of the movie to figure out on my own. My favorite part is one of the murder-by-dance sequences at the end. The film this most reminds me of is Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead in how it incorporates old theatrical elements into the movie. This one, however, manages to get less and less filmic just as it starts introducing techniques that only exist in film. Curious movie.

            Hail, Caesar! (2016): The scene with the religious figures was the best of its kind since Hudsucker Proxy; the film homages were delightful even when they highlighted my ignorance; the religious aspects were honest; Clooney was underutilized; I really need to see it again to figure out just what I think.

            All the President's Men (1976): We had to keep pausing this movie so we could chat and make sure we were grasping all the threads and the end comes in a massive rush of type, but overall the movie was terrific and eerily NOW. Lady Steed was convinced Woodward and Bernstein were going to die. All I can say is, when reporters start dying, that's when the American experiment will truly be over.

            Sully (2016): The structure of this film is pretty interesting---how it keeps circling around the central incident, showing it from different angles, perspectives, understandings. It takes a couple shortcuts in storytelling (the bureaucrat's a meanie! now he's not!), but they're classy enough that they don't really damage the experience too much (understanding their motivation in making certain assumptions would have been nice, but okay). Certainly it was stressful when it was supposed to be---which is important even in a disaster movie where no one dies.

            The Handmaiden (2016): In retrospect, probably should not have watched this. Those sex scenes may well prove sticky. That said, this movie was wonderfully crafted. Complex, circuitous, ambiguous, confusing, revealing, beautiful. I needed to read the Wikipedia article to clear a few things up---probably because I watched the movie in three or four pieces over six weeks---but even with those moments of confusion, it was coherent and lovely. Hitchcock would have been impressed.




            Elsewhere:


            Romeo and Juliet (1968): I am so intimately familiar with this movie now that I can tell when someone's reaction begins a shade too soon or the edit reveals someone facing a slightly different direction. In other words, I'm moving past opinions of good or bad and into something purely factual. I'm prepared for every finger-wiggle. It's weird to watch a movie from the perspective of omniscience.

            The Ghost Writer (2010): I just read the book and so I wanted to see the movie. This is a case where that was a grave mistake. Based on the reviews, it seems like it must be a pretty good movie, but it didn't fare so well in the side-by-side comparison. Some setpieces (eg, the ferry footchase and the concept [if not the execution] of the denouement) count as improvements, but knowing what was coming weakened the film beyond repair. Perhaps it's unfair to come into a thriller knowing its twists. Then again, how many times can one watch Vertigo without it losing its thrills? (Answer: at least one more.)

            Romeo + Juliet (1996): To me, this film is as fresh and as vital as the first time I saw it (2005?). But I realized this time around that it might not seem that way to fourteen-year-old anymore. I'm also worried that their filmic vocabulary is too limited to really understand what they're seeing. I'm not sure. Never base conclusions on one set of kids. As for me, this is the only cultural event I missed during my mission that's tinged by regret.

            Fences (2016): I know this play extremely well. I've been teaching it about three years now and read it at least a dozen, probably twenty times. I know it. The first half of the movie I had the same kind of experience as with The Ghost Writer---it was just people saying words I knew. But the second half of the move tore out my heart and shredded it and then built me a new one prone to weeping. Terrific movie.

            Forbidden Zone (1980): I heard about this movie on a podcast and decided I needed to watch it. Now, in my opinion, this kind of madcap surrealism, even when well done, is best finished under ten minutes. This is over seventy. (Also, I discovered after watching it, it's been colorized. I don't know how easily available the original b&w is to find.) But it's pure madness. I could cite you references and similarities all day, but here are a few to help you get a sense: Monty Python's Terry Gilliam, pre-Mickey Silly Symphonies, Max Fleischer, Don't Hug Me I'm Scared, Mary Reid Kelley, Nightmare Before Christmas.The plot doesn't really matter. The point is that the id has been loosed and we're lost in a dreamland with its own logic, absurd (and non-nice) as that may be.

            Pride & Prejudice (2005): Every time I watch this movie I'm struck by the differences with the novel, but I still love it. The acting is terrific, the cinematography is stunning, the score is lovely. I will always have issues with the last two minutes, but overall I think it's a wonderful film. Man, those cameras! And I for one love the warmer Mr and Mrs Bennet relationship. And the general earthiness of the thing.

            F for Fake (1973): This is a strange movie and I was deadly tired when I was watching it. I probably should have stopped it and just taken a nap, but I was afraid of losing hold of its many threads and kept going. I suspect that, regardless, this is a film not easily appreciated upon first viewing anyway. I can't honestly say that I liked it or disliked it, but listening to Orson Welles for 88 minutes is pleasure enough, don't you agree?

            Orson Welles: The One-Man Band (1995): A charming documentary by his former partner and muse made largely from Welles's own unused footage. It humanizes him greatly. It shows that he could have been a master of YouTube had he hung around long enough. Clearly he never stopped working, even if fate and temperament kept him from finishing things. It also suggests a second something that may have gotten in the way: that very muse. He was clearly infatuated with her body---and so was she. In this film she includes a lot of her own youthful nudity. I think they may both have been seduced more by her youthful pneumatics than by his wisdom and experience.

            The Shawshank Redemption (1994): First time I've seen the unedited thing! Like most Americans, I've only ever seen this film on tv. Put together, it's marvelous. It's been long enough since I've seen it at all that I can't really speak to the differences between this version and the tvified version---I wasn't surprised by anything---but it was unquestionably a thing of beauty. Almost too beautiful, maybe, but true enough that skepticism doesn't stick.

            Casablanca (1942): Gets better every time. EV ER Y TIME.

            Spirited Away (2001): I love this movie, but apparently they're watching it in a couple other classes, so I need to substitute it for another Miyazaki movie. Maybe it's time to try Mononoke again....

            Psycho (1960): I love watching/hearing jaded teenage audiences react to this movie.

            Rushmore (1998): A couple elements of this movie have suddenly aged (mostly kissing scenes), but it's still a masterpiece.

            Do the Right Thing (1989): I skipped about 90 seconds of a certain scene, and with that gone I have no regrets about using this film. It shakes the kids, it brings some needed diversity to what I'm teaching, it full of Filmic Stuff, its literary while pushing against our stereotypes of what that means. It's a rough movie, but it's so human we can take it.

            The Iron Giant (1999): Anyone who saw it as a child---even if they watched it over and over---is amazed when they revisit it later and discover it is capable of tearing out your soul and shining the light of heaven through it.

            Good Morning, Vietnam (1987): The end of this movie is truly beautiful, but the first two acts are centered around an almost documentarian set of scenes of a) Robin Williams performing and b) scenes of everyday life in Vietnam. As I've never found Robin Williams to be all that funny, this got tiresome. I don't regret waiting this long to watch the movie, but neither do I regret having finally seen it. It's a curious snapshot of what the Sixties looked like when they were only twenty years old.




            Previous films watched

            LATEST POSTS

            2017
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            2016
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            2014
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            2013
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                      The faces of Arizona's Vietnam fallen: All present and accounted for   
            The last of the names on a list of Arizona's fallen Vietnam veterans, the last of the faces to go with those names and a promise fulfilled.
                  
             
             

                      Broth mix For Vietnamese Noodle Soup Pho Lobo, (2pks)   
            Broth Mix (Beef Flavor) for Vietnamese Noodle Soup, Pho from Lobo. Net weight 1.76 oz(per bag). Ingredients: Salt, Sugar, Maltodextrin, MSG, Spices, Soy Sauce powder, Natural Flavor, Onion Powder, Silicon Dioxide, Soybean Oil, Garlic powder, Kaffir lime leaves powder, Disdium inosinate, Licorice Extract, Artificial Beef Flavor. Product of Thailand.
                      Seattle Lotus: A vegetarian’s paradise in White Center   

            All the Vietnamese dishes at Seattle Lotus are fully vegetarian, and tasty, too.
                      Glendale Vietnam veteran awarded Silver Star   
                 
             
             

                      How Tundra Fonder is backing the frontier market giants of the future   
            Attention is increasingly turning to large fast growing economies like Pakistan, Vietnam, Iran, Egyp
                      Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest and the Hawaiian Islands (PPGNHI)   

            By Heidi Breeze-Harris

            In Vietnam, a group of peer educators create signs with messages about sexual and reproductive health for a large educational event.

            In Vietnam, a group of peer educators create signs with messages about sexual and reproductive health for a large educational event. (Credit: Susan Steckler/PPGNHI).

            Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest and the Hawaiian Islands (PPGNHI) provides reproductive health care services and education to people in Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho and Western Washington— the largest geographic region of any Planned Parenthood affiliates in the United States. [Read more]

            The post Planned Parenthood of the Great Northwest and the Hawaiian Islands (PPGNHI) appeared first on Global Washington.


                      Vietnam Moving Wall Comes To Stockton   
            For the first time in close to a decade, the Vietnam Moving Wall has made its way to San Joaquin County as visitors prepare to honor thousands of veterans.
                      Vietnamese traffic police tried to stop a truck by hanging on its front. Truck driver went Rambo mode   
            This happened on 1A road in H`a T~inh, Vietnam. The truck driver refused to stop so the police officer decided to jump and hanging on its front. The poor fella ended up with critical condition. Need further info updates regarding this case
                      Días de cine   
            Como parece que tengo la noche productiva, comenzaré hoy una nueva sección que llevaba meses queriendo incluir en el blog. No, pese al título no se trata de poner a caldo a Cayetana Guillén Cuervo por su trabajo en el programa del mismo nombre en la 2 (desconozco si con el cambio de imagen se ha cambiado la forma de citar al segundo canal de tve), espacio que por otro lado sigue manteniendo la misma calidad en los reportajes que en la era de Gasset.
            No, esta sección será el espacio para, a modo de microblog, referenciar y criticar las últimas películas vistas. Aquí comienzo:

            The Duquess. Película del director inglés Saul Dibb protagonizada por Keira Knightley, Ralph Fiennes y Charlotte Rampling. Quizás por esperarme poco de ella, aún no se ha estrenado en España, me ha sorprendido muy gratamente. Gracias a la excelente fotografía, localizaciones, música, guión y sobre todo las excelentes interpretaciones me hizo pasar una tarde de sábado más que agradable. Ficha en Film Affinity

            La conjura del escorial. Realmente lamentable: me es prácticamente imposible citar elementos positivos de esta película histórica. Los momentos estrella de la película son una pelea en un mercado (medieval, claro) que de estar bien rodada sería puro slapstick, y una tensa persecución por el bosque que acaba con uno de los personajes propulsado contra un árbol por el efecto de una flecha. Dicha secuencia me recordaba más al típico juego de enamorados escondiéndose entre los árboles que a la cruda ejecución que debía estar en el guión. Mea culpa: cuando comienzo a ver la película es cuando descubro que su director es Antonio de Real. Ficha

            Los girasoles ciegos. Si en Hollywood tienen las películas de Vietnam, aquí tenemos las de la Guerra Civil. Subgénero que, a priori, me produce rechazo, aunque acabe cayendo y sufriendo con nuestro oscuro pasado. En este caso, en el que se trata ya de una historia en pleno franquismo, se cuenta con una historia sencilla e intensa a la que dan vida un buen puñado de actores (incluida maribel Verdú, contra la que tenía no pocos prejuicios). En definitiva me ha parecido una buena película. A pesar de que me la han hecho ver casi a la fuerza, puesto que, al igual que las películas de terror con "casas chungas", se de antemano que si es buena lo voy a pasar mal. Ficha

            Rebobine por favor. Sin llegar al nivel de vanguardismo de sus videoclips o "Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind" (me niego a citar el título en español) se trata de una película realmente bien construida, divertida y original. Se trata sobre todo de un auténtico acto de amor al cine por encima de todo. Más que recomendable, aunque es preferible haber vivido los 80. Ficha

            Serenity. Entretenida cinta a la que llegué a raíz de descubrir a Nathan Fillion en "Dr Horrible's Sing Along Blog", con quien comparte además a su creador y director Joss Whedon. Si, no me matéis, no he visto ni Firefly, ni Buffy, ni Angel, ni tan siquiera el piloto de Dollhouse, que ya lleva unas cuantas semanas perdido en mi disco duro. Volviendo a la cinta, una excelente y divertida película de acción, aparentemente sin pretensiones y que logra con creces sus objetivos. ¿Lo peor de la película? Su desastroso cartel. Ahora solo me toca aventurarme a descubrir Firefly, la serie en la que se basa. Ficha

            Esto ha sido todo por hoy, volveré pronto.
                      Importer recalls Mekong Master swai for lack of residue testing   
            A California importer is recalling 42 tons of frozen swai from Vietnam because it discovered the fish fillets did not meet U.S. requirements concerning residue sampling and testing. Vinh Hoan USA Inc. of Tustin, CA, distributed the frozen Mekong Master branded swai fillets to wholesalers in Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri and Wisconsin. The recall... Continue Reading
                      Ka Auditron Ba - The Final Conflict   

            Back in October of last year I was in New York and had the pleasure of meeting King Koncepts at his record store, Good Records. We chatted about music and he mentioned that Karma was working on releasing some old late 90's Kemetic Suns music. Fast forward to last week and I received an email from Karma introducing himself and letting me know about the music he posted on his Tumbler. Karma picks up where Koncepts left off when he posted The Bombshelter album back in 2009. I'm not going to try and summarize any of this of, instead I urge you to take some time and read through the detailed posts from Karma and listen to the unreleased Ka Auditron Ba (Karmachi & Hypnotic) album.

            I'd like to thank Karma for reaching out to me and allowing me to post this on my site. The insight he and Koncepts provide is rarely seen in underground hip hop and is greatly appreciated.

             When To Walk Away Pt. 1

            Preview to The Long Goodbye

            ***This blog was originally  written by Koncepts and featured as documentary comment on Cocaine Blunts appearing in 2009. Since then the trolls have made it less inspiring for the homie Noz to keep the blog up so I thought I would recreate it here for the sake of background***
             “Fundamentals consisted of me – Koncepts – and Karma. We met each other at Berkeley High, 1992. All I remember was being introduced to this dude who was into rap, and had a little bit of game to him - he knew all the different cats around school, kept good weed, knew how to talk to girls. Quickly we started hanging out, going to parties. We formed The Fundamentals in early ‘93, long before the crew Kemetic Suns came about. At that time, the crew we made was called “Ascension”: in addition to us, we brought in a group called Hijinx (Peekaboo and Embassy), rappers Malignant and Level Z, and Anthony/Ayentee. Before I got with Karma, I was in an awful band that played funk-rock-jazz-rap-fusion a la Alphabet Soup or the Mo'Fessionals – interesting sidenote, playwright Itamar Moses played keyboards in that group. But I wanted to do something that was more straight up Hip-Hop. I was DJing already and I played the guitar. I fell off with the guitar lessons but started making primitive beats. Hanging out at Anthony’s house in north-west Berkeley I started to get hip to funk and latin and freakier jazz music all courtesy of his father’s record collection. 


            We all hung out and got busy together, either at Anthony’s house or at my house. Anthony’s house was like a constant spot – there would be any number of kids there, from the graf crew DOA down to West Side Berkeley dudes, friends of his dad, relatives. I was granted use of a narrow boiler room underneath my mom’s house – the “Bomb Shelter” – to record in, and all of the material featured was made there. The beats here were made either on an Akai S-01 (a cheap version of the 950) and a Roland R8 Human Rhythm Composer, or the Ensoniq ASR-10, which I stuck with. Kids would come through, I would throw together a beat or have one I had already worked up, and they would record. Anthony, who made beats as well, occasionally helped out engineering things. I’d do arrangements, hooks, whatever. I wanted people to write songs, not just lay down rhymes, so I tried to focus their talents and that’s how a lot of this stuff came to be. A lot of guys didn’t have any idea how to write songs – like, verse/hook/bridge, or whatever. Some dudes just wanted to spit for like 6 minutes. Off the head. It was a mess.


            Most of us were from Berkeley or Oakland. Karma spent some time up in Sacramento early on. Malignant had one foot out in Richmond I think. Around the beginning of 1994 I moved to the Mission neighborhood in San Francisco to go live with my father, but continued attending Berkeley High and hanging out with the crew every day. It was a regular thing to go from school to my mom’s basement where the makeshift studio was, record until 7 or 8, ride the bus back into San Francisco and wash up somewhere around 10 at my dad’s apartment. Peek lived out by Eclipse, in the Union City area, and they were friends, so that’s how we got down with the Mixed Practice crew. Eclipse tells me now that he got real tight when Peek played him some of my stuff, like “who is this other young dude out here with beats??” Karma’s brother Wayne knew Corey/BFAP from the Mystik Journeymen, so we got down with them around ’94 or so, but I think they probably saw us as like, young’uns in the game. We met Kirby around then as well, up at UC Berkeley at KALX – Karma had gone up there with BFAP from the Journeymen. While BFAP was kind of cool on the kid, it was obvious he had incredible talent. Kirby, originally from East Oakland, had spent many years in Stockton prior to coming to Berkeley… had kind of a checkered past, but it turned out he and Karma knew some folks in common from up that way. We would hang out and freestyle in his dorm room but we hadn’t really clicked up in a formal way yet, like we would later.

            image

            Even though our style was more on the “backpack”/”houser” thing, a lot of the cats in the crew had street ties, we just didn’t really put it out there like that. It was more a thing you wanted to get away from, if you had ever been close enough to see it. The one exception was The Mental Patients – featured here on “Mental Anxieties” – who were some real street cats from South Berkeley, North Oakland, and East Oakland. But they’d come through, we’d smoke, lay down some music, no drama ever. They weren’t really a part of the crew per se but they showed love, would share smoke or even muscle if it was needed (which, on a couple of occasions, it was). Good dudes. Any time there was beef you had an assemblage of dudes from West Side and South Side Berkeley as well as North Oakland and parts of the east as well. We rolled deep.

            image

            The Ascension crew only lasted but so long, though, and at a certain point, friendly competition turned into beef. Dudes started talking behind each others’ backs, trying to create little allegiances and whatever… just childish stuff but you know we were, at the time, anywhere from 14-18 years old. Embassy and Karma, long rivals in the cipher, came to blows and everyone went their separate ways. I spent several months recording my own material, thinking I’d record my own demo/album, maybe sell it like the Journeymen and Mixed Practice and the other guys I was meeting around the scene at that time. That stuff never got released anywhere, with only one track turning up on 30 Days; much of it is featured here.

            image
            In the summer of 1995, Karma and I were both working in San Francisco. He was interning at Polygram - Polygram had an office in San Francisco! We patched up and started working on what would become 30 Days & A Plane Ticket, our first “real” tape – the title owing to the fact that I was moving to New York City 30 days from when we started. Karma’s style, originally an old school, laid back flow, and at one point a bone of contention amongst the more east coast-influenced crew, had developed into a this tripped out, cerebral scattershot of politics, hood slang, conspiracy theories, and 5% math. A cat he rolled with called Bay-Bay came up with the name Kemetic Suns. At that time, though, it was basically just a loose affiliation of folks we rolled with, some of whom didn’t make music at all. It was just a crew in the loosest sense. Kirby was down at that point, but I don’t recall meeting Hypnotic (another crew member) until 1996 or so, beyond the point at which this comp comes to an end.
            image 
            Honestly I don’t know what people will think of this stuff. I’m opening myself up which is always a risk. I think we had some talent. We never made a huge mark, despite being really prolific – due mostly to my ability to record. I had the good fortune to hold onto most of my old sessions. I’m sure there’s a ton of amazing stuff out there that has disappeared… I’ve certainly been met with that response as I’ve sought out material by other groups of the time. We wore our influences on our sleeves – but as kids, that’s just part of developing your own style. Back then, it wasn’t about features, or placements, or even tape sales really – just a bunch of cats doing music. That’s what the underground tape thing was really about. I can think of no better way to illustrate that.”

            The Bombshelter Download


            When To Walk Away Pt. 2

            Preview to The Long Goodbye 

            For a very long time my identity and self perspective was shaped by being a member of a family that made music. Had our parents been born in the Carribean in the 60′s and repatriated to the UK, we probably would have been Cymande. Had it been London in the late 40′s we might have been Pink Floyd. I have heard arguments that place us around the world and at different movements. As it shaped out, we were birthed into the 70′s and grew up in the 80′s in the east bay region of the San Francisco Bay Area. In particular, we all cut our teeth in the “small island in the sea of night” known as Berkeley. In 1995 we started our collective and independent label we called Kemetic Suns Massive.

            image
            There was a time to that time in particular that I would be hard pressed to try to recreate with words. As much as I pride myself on my ability to write into existence, I don’t think I could accurately give the feeling or emotional connection we had to what we were doing. There was different a zeitgeist of sorts as it was the mid-1990s and hip hop was becoming a billion dollar way of telling young people what to do. Perhaps it was the influence of Apple vs Wintel happening in our backyard of Silicon Valley. Maybe there was a factor around welfare reform, new banking models and a sense that another gold rush had come to San Francisco. It could be the influence of self determined cultural giants such as MC Hammer, Too Short, E-40 and Mac Dre who were uncompromising in their independence and standards.
            I don’t have the bandwidth or desire to try to explain what brought us to the music or together. Many of these thoughts have laid hidden from me for decades by my own doing. I think my brother does a much better job of describing us here:

            Bomb Shelter
             
            Then there was also the concept of newly emerging technologies such as samplers, sequencers and non-lineal audio recording. That and the fact that as teenager I stumbled into being an active member of something that would later become called the Internet as well as progenitor of social media. Do not take my word for anything. There are far better curators involved:

            It's Cheaper Than A CD

            In terms of a business model we were decidedly clear that we would do everything in house. EVERY THING. Tapes, cds, vinyl, t-shirts. Production, engineering, management, promotion. Our greatest asset was each other. I treated the collective like my martial arts gym (which I mistakenly left in pursuit of a full time music career) in that training each other on every aspect made us well rounded, disciplined and allowed us to bring in new skills. The majority of the good work is based on our willingness to skip past barriers in terms of booking, promotion and retail:



            From 1995 to 1998 we made 15 different projects ranging from EP to LPs to even putting out one of the first audio books for spoken word and poetry. I can’t speak for anyone else but I actually thought we were going to change the world. Given that our model was more of a social enterprise than a record label or entertainment company. Many of our members were previously homeless, from foster homes and/or faced with tons of barriers toward economic independence. My father, who was and will always be the bare minimum of excellence I strive for, ran a non profit that provided legal services to the poor who couldn’t afford to fight unlawful evictions, custody battles and discrimination. Without explicitly knowing we were into job training, Koncepts and I were adamant that these roles at House Kemetic Suns become employment. 
            In 1997, Kirby got an opportunity to study abroad in DC at Howard. He would ride the train to Harlem and record with Koncepts, which later became Konceptual Dominance.


            During that time, myself, Hypnotic and Per Aa were doing shows all over northern and central California. Literally from as far as Humbolt to San Luis Obisbo. Initially I only had the Fundamentals material I could perform and Hypnotic had his guest appearances as as he worked on his album. When all of the Suns met up in winter 1997, Koncepts played us Flawless Execution.


            As soon as I heard it I knew what it was: Konceptual Dominance. In a time when we could hear everyone else punching in every bar, these two were going for 16 bars with flurries full of flow, punchline, presence and brilliant topics. I knew this was going to be a game changer. To be fair all we did was game changers, whether or not it was quality. Innovation and newness led the day. In response, Hypnotic pulled out the dusty tape of 8-track mix downs of the routines he and I were doing when we ran out of material on stage. I had slices of dub tracks and science fiction movie soundtracks as the thumbnails of beats we were rapping over. The crew loved it and named us Ka Auditron Ba. We were given the mandate to finish our project to release it after Konceptual Dominance and set up for the Kemetic Suns album. Ka Auditron Ba worked for the next year to finish our project called The Final Conflict. 3 label deals, 4 tours, 21 tracks and it was never released as promised. Somewhere in there I just walked away. 

            For the few souls who are clever enough to see me on the street and figure out who I am, the question is always the same:

            1) Why was the Auditrons never released?

            2) What happened to the Kemetic Suns?

            As 2017 is here and I do away with old things, avoiding answering these questions is one of those things I will let go. The answers in part III


            When To Walk Away Pt.3

            Preview to The Long Goodbye
            “I’m an A-U-D-I-O”


            There was a friendly competition we all adhered to when we started. Ultimately it was about the four of us: me, Koncepts, Kirby and Hypnotic being able to freestyle against each other for hours. I mean HOURS. At that time we thought we were okay, retrospect made me realize we were pretty high level. Much of the energy of that competition played out in the dynamics we had with one another outside of the music. Kirby was the master of partnership, I understood project management, Koncepts was our in house technical and Hypnotic did our sales. We were a much larger collective once, at one time being 15 people deep if you counted the affiliates in New York and Texas as well as the younger cats we were mentoring. There is also an argument in there about how influential and selfless cats like Bas1, Eclipse427 (Walt Liquor), Peekaboo and Infamous were so they could be Kemetic Suns. Plus there is a whole other tangent on how strong our ties were to MURS.
            Quite accidently, Kirby and Koncepts together were very good as ambassadors. They travelled a lot, they showed up to events and they were able to get our sound into the heads of real decision makers who made sure our records ended up on mix shows, college radio and features. This is part of the reason Konceptual Dominance made so much sense. On the opposite tip, Hypnotic and I were doing shows and selling merchandise direct to customers (fans). I had a pretty high ethical standard which I realize now was a serious handicap for our business in terms of being in the music industry. Other groups could trash the stage, steal from the bar, go over their time or intimidate the promoter into moving them up on the lineup. I never wanted to get too involved in that type of grimy dealings because it was dumb logic to me – if we were going to go that route, forget the music and let’s go back to the streets.

            That was another issue we were confronting. Many of the people rapping at the time all came from middle class backgrounds and had a parachute lined up for them afterwards. Koncepts and I tried to address that on Stop The World (the song itself). Where as many crews were diverse economically and ethnically, we were diverse economically but most of our members were two steps from the streets. Meaning we had convinced them to let go of their old hustles in lieu of legitimate enterprises that would be promoted by House Kemetic Suns. It was always a struggle. We didn’t always win. As the founder of the collective, I had the tendency to be the loudest voice in the room even if I actually wanted a democracy. In fact I remember always talking about being the bigger person and breaking up some many beefs. Then one night in winter of 1996, I confronted a mask bound rapper about some personal violations he made in my life. In his drunken indignation, he replied he was not responsible for his actions and he might kill me. I lost it and told him to put up his hands. He had 12 tiny people holding him back, the Suns just watched to make sure nobody jumped me from behind. We never got into it but he knew that night like I know this day that if it went down he was going to end up in the ER. The problem was we had crossed a bridge; our music was never going to be bohemian again and I had lost the credibility to tell my crew to “walk away”. In fact, we turned the ship and headed directly into the storm.

            There are some background elements to understand before going in. If Konceptual Dominance was the equivalent of two tenured professors doing panel discussion on human behavior through hip hop, Ka Auditron Ba was the essence of two battle rappers getting their own satellite and broadcasting a 24 hour signal based on the lifestyle trying to prevent a cataclysm. We pulled from everything important to us at the time. Both Hypnotic and I were avid Marvel fans. We owned tons of comics. I read a lot of science fiction and watched a lot of movies. Hypnotic was really into documentaries. At the time I was able to study under Mr. Obenga which deeply changed my life and I was able to see firsthand the aspirations of the progenitors of the Nile Valley culture. Meanwhile Hypnotic’s mother was a reggae journalist and therefore gave him access to elders. One in particular who really influenced us was Scientist. Aside from demystifying much of the Rastafarian thought process beyond the generics and tropes, Scientist gave us the template.

             image

            Thus began the goal of creating an identity: we would outperform. The analogy of individuals who take and never gave back became “vampires”. We knew because we didn’t play the politics game we were hard pressed to get headline bookings in the Bay Area because of the co-opting of the scene happening. Simply put, I was going to kiss anyone’s ass, the big names were haters and Hypnotic was doing things behind the scene that made these dudes shook. If we couldn’t get the midnight spot or the top name of the flyer, we wanted the 1130pm slot and we wanted to be second on the flyer. It was Scientist who told us to open with The Voodoo Curse that we transformed into the chant to take over the crowd: “We are……the Kemetic Suns….” It didn’t matter WHO was the headliner. Our goal was to create and perform music that stole the show. It happened time after time after time. We would watch crews argue with the promoter: “don’t put Kemetic Suns on before us….they tire out the crowd”. The promoter would come to us and Hypnotic would say “don’t worry we’re just the Auditrons”.

            There is most of the recordings on Soundcloud. I am not sure if everything is awesome. I know I was rapping in the top 10 list at the time but I am not sure if everything we did was incredible. There are some tracks that really move me and Koncepts. I pinged him to get his take on our favorites from the project:


            Karma: Resonance was a tribute to Scientist but all scientists in general. We knew there was some connection between innovation and audio engineering happening from the Jamaican sound clashes to NYC hip hop to what we were actually doing with the drum machine and ASR vocal effects when we performed. This is a perfect example of the routines we would do. Back and forths that would whip the crowd into a frenzy as an opener. Also the djs loved it because it was heavy with break beats and juggling. FYI, this is Neal Degrasse Tyson narrating before you all knew how great he was. I pulled it from a vhs compilation my father got me because of our shared loved of astronomy.

            Koncepts: this beat don’t make no fucking sense. I didn’t make it. but it always killed at shows. watching people try to catch the beat count was comedy. this shit is in like 11/8 or something. Ka and Ba had that rapid-fire flow where they could make it work and trade off like they were freestyling. It’s pretty incredible, actually.


            Karma: Black Elevation Station was supposed to be the crunk remix to All Terrain for Internal Symmetry. My father was from the south and I loved southern hip hop. Not just the obvious stuff like Dungeon Family, Geto Boys and UGK. I listened to obscure material most didn’t know about. When I heard this beat I said its smobb music but it’s not southern. At that time, the stuff I was doing with the internet was getting some nods. I was brought to speak at Stanford to a couple of student groups. The idea of creating one’s own content distribution was intoxicating but we were talking to a couple investors who were interested in buying a satellite and setting up a station in San Francisco. When the deal went through, like so many to come after, Hypnotic suggest we just act like it was still going and we had our station on a satellite we owned.

            Koncepts: I had this track early on in the process but added to it along the way. a lot of the keys and stuff came in later. I used a few different samples but kept them all in key, I was known for melodic beats but one thing about the west coast style and the Bay underground in particular was this kind of mystical ass sound but with slapping drums. so this was like that, some psychedelic guitar and synths, but at a higher tempo and some 808 sounds. What Ka and Ba did with it was sick, exactly what I had envisioned it for, they flowed perfectly on the beat. A mix of paranoia and toughness in the lyrics. I think I added the later stuff when they were in the studio with the session players - I wasn’t really involved in that and I wanted to tune up my own stuff to keep pace.


            Karma: Tapes. Koncepts and I would send each other tapes a couple times a year. He was attending NYU while I was at SFSU. Most of the beats on the tapes he would send would end up on some project: Ambershine, Internal Symmetry, Konceptual Dominance or the Auditrons. Most of the beats I would send back were rough but he would tweak some of them and they would end up on his solo stuff, my ill fated solo album, Prayze The Sun or Internal Symmetry. This beat was clearly for Hypnotic and I. He even put it on the tape. It was Koncepts at his most genius Smokey Robinson. He could hear something we couldn’t in ourselves. He made sure he was with us when we wrote to it. When he started playing it on the speakers, he prompted us with “show them how the flow never ends”. He wanted to play with some of the Nommo concepts of embracing the silence in the groove as well as the volatility in the drums. We were always sure to write what the beat wanted not what we wanted. Soon as Hypnotic mumbled “its vital that you follow our path that is spiral” a voice spoke to me with the chorus. I looked up from the pad and said “I’m an A-U-D-I-O”. At first they didn’t get it, but I wouldn’t stop. When I saw their eyes light up after the third repetition, we knew did something. This might be my favorite memory of music.

            Koncepts: this is definitely the big one. coulda maybe done some numbers. had all the elements. smoothed out but conscious, a hook you can understand and repeat… the label Ka & Ba were messing with brought this into a bigger studio and I was able to add the live guitar and percussion. But they had a boy band and brought them in to do background vocals… kind of not what I had envisioned, image-wise. it worked for the sound, as far as that was concerned. The label was just trying to get on a vehicle for their boy band though. They kept trying to push them into the mix of what we were doing and I had to step away from that situation. that’s one of the things that messed with the delicate equilibrium of the project and the crew.


            Karma: There was a lot of money to be made being an independent rap group if you were willing to compromise. We weren’t. Managers would tell us we were unmanageable; too head strong and not needy enough. We made far less money than we should have based on our morals and pride. The way to keep the boat afloat was to subsidize the business model with pieces of my check. At first I worked at a smoothie shop that got bought, stole all my recipes and became Jamba Juice; different story for a different time. That wasn’t going to work for me. Doing minimum wage at a mall. Also in my young fiery mind, “how does this help my people?” I got into working for a few non-profits and did harm reduction outreach – needle exchange, violence prevention and street worker advocacy. I was seeing young people being mistreated as wards of the state.

            Hypnotic was doing group home work given he had been in one himself. We would trade stories about the issues we were seeing with young people and the bureaucracy. More and more it felt like young people were being experimented on rather than treated or helped. Both of us had some experience at young age in terms of “recruitment” that made us a bit more suspicious. Now with the popularity of Stranger Things, Hunger Games and Ender’s Game, it doesn’t seem so far fetched. I know.

            Maybe there was also a piece of falling into the formula. Doing it every time because it worked last time. I remember be asked “whats the sci fi movie song on this album?” well before we even wrote Cryosleep. It’s possible we had become trope.

            Koncepts plays the bass on this. That’s why its so rich.


            When To Walk Away Pt.4

            Preview to The Long Goodbye



            Karma: There was this great kung fu western flick my god brother Kenny brought over called All Men Are Brothers: Blood of the Leopard which was adaptation of the Chinese classic Water Margin. It was the story of a high level government official who must choose between his position and his allegiance to a rough street monk who is very anti-corruption in the government. It represented so many relationships at that time. My god brother Wayne was really loud and boisterous, but when I was around he was always calming me down to learn discretion. When he died of cancer in 1997 it put a large hole in my heart. Somehow I ended up becoming that person that was calming folks down and was caught between the diplomacy and the ethical outrage of the people I was around. We would leave shows in San Jose, San Luis Obispo or San Antonio. It would be 3am as we drove home. Somehow at every gas station there was a group of young men about to fight. Somehow there was some kid at an IHOP looking at his pager like “I’m going to get revenge”. Somehow I always seemed to put myself in the middle and talk them down. Somehow I never got shot.

            Koncepts: just a perfect song man. we were all really vibrating on the same frequency. I love the little glass clinks and crowd ambiance from the sample. and the kick drum knocks so hard. that’s that Bay Area shit man, a mellow ass sample and deep bass.


            Karma: We would perform a lot in the “hip hop” room at raves. That was the culture of the 90’s. Hypnotic hated it because he didn’t feel techno. However to be quite honest, the women at raves were thousand times better looking and more stable than the women who went to hip hop. The baddest of them used to hang in the “jungle” room – a rough amalgamation of actual jungle, trip hop, drum and base as well as what would eventually be dub step. Kirby and I loved going back forth over those beats. We could rap for hours over the stuff. For me it brought me home to Jupiter, Florida. It put me in the red clay of Georgia. It gave me the woods of Mississippi. I loved obscure southern rap and especially enjoyed the bounce aspect. I also appreciated the underestimation that California and New York put upon southern rap. It paralleled the mistake many crews in the Bay ran into. They dissed us on tape, we responded by snatching the mics at their show and serving them. Then they took it outside to battle and got demolished. Then they wanted to throw hands and lost there too. This track is a narrative to that. At the time we wouldn’t have seen it that way.

            Koncepts: I feel a way about this song. It’s fucking amazing - the beat, the rhymes, the hook… my god. and when we dropped this at a show? bedlam. but it has a kind of ignoble history. My partner Zvi and I had this Delia Gartrell 45, which is this brutal ballad about a woman’s son dying in the Vietnam war, and we chopped it real slow. Zvi had the idea of chopping up Skull Snaps and doing a bounce pattern with it. It was unique, no one was doing bounce drums with samples, especially not old school breakbeats. Anyway, we kinda fucked up the money because we also gave this track to Mazzi [rapper with our other group the Soul Purpose] and it was like, ok, let’s see who does what with it… Mazzi made an incredible track called “1 and 9” about being from the hood in Jersey. It was super ill. So we had this issue, who could use the beat? Nobody even cares about shit like that anymore, but back then it was a real problem. Zvi wanted to roll with Mazzi’s version, I was on the fence. Anyway, I feel like that disagreement was another one that ended up torpedoing the project. And what’s sad is that neither song ever came out - the Soul Purpose project fell apart not too long after and the album we were working on never made it out of the demo stage. Nowadays I prefer “Ashes” to “1 and 9”. But at the time I couldn’t call it.


            Karma: Perhaps the most honest writing anyone was doing in (w)rap™ at that age. I was in my early twenties trying to understand what it meant to be a man while facing a divorce like end to my long term relationship. There were some rules we made up to protect our esteem. One of them was we wouldn’t date women we met in the industry because it led to hardship later. I think that put so much expectation on the women we fell in love with outside of music that when those relationships crumbled it hurt us even more. On top of which, Hypnotic and I were facing this same debacle every time: why does it seem like self-control and discipline gets punished. Simply put, we both were in faithful parties in long term relationships that ended when our romantic partners were not faithful. That combined with life in show biz, turned us bitter when we stuck to the honor code. 

            Koncepts: this beat is mad mournful with that one drawn out note that descends and ascends in the chords. I used an SP1200 on a lot of the Auditron drums courtesy of my partner Zvi and you can hear the programming gets a lot better and the drums are chunkier. Ka and Ba perfectly wrote this for how the beat felt to me. Vulnerable and hurt but still standing strong. It’s a shame the project never came out because there are so many tracks that I felt were just the perfect distillation of a feeling, this was one of those. Probably my personal favorite now.


            Koncepts: I love this song man. Ba really showed his heart on it. And it takes skill to rap over something like this which is kinda mellow and laid back but not like, sad or down. the loop just gets me in a zone; very based. this might have been an intro beat or slated for Per Aa Ra’s project originally. There were earlier takes that I felt like Ba nailed it a bit better. But you couldn’t save takes back then and we had that stupid belief that a) we have to deliver everything in one take and b) we can definitely do the next one better. so it goes.

            Karma: I remember when this was done and I would drive around with mix downs, this was the soundtrack to getting through traffic. It became synonymous with “things are going to be all right”. I struggled for many years to explain what this meant without falling into esoteric answers or metaphysics. One thing my Dad was very good at impressing upon me was “don’t feed steak to children” meaning don’t waste your time trying to explain complexities people don’t want to learn. In of myself, I was learning how to be more efficient and not waste my time. This song really gave folks a sense of optimism.


            Karma: Why a final conflict? One thing I have come to terms with and this album should evidence – I can see things before they happen. I am not going to spend a single second of time on weirdos defending it. I will just state – people were downloading music from www.kemeticsuns.comthree years before Napster. Towards the middle of 1997, something was changing in the Bay Area. I was starting to get fans who worked at something called a “tech company” who would invite me to work as a contractor. They had website that had millions behind them but they couldn’t tell you what they did all day. They wanted to pay me to tell them what was cool. More and more I saw a reliance on machines as the new free labor. The dot come boom was becoming a second gold rush and I was aware it had it limits. In 2017, the largest obstacle facing the American worker is not automation. It is the perception that automation demands a better quality of life for all. There are some very good thinkers on this subject but I would direct attention at Berkeley’s own Phillip K. Dick, Frank Herbert and William Gibson.

            The point being, the matter of artificial intelligence is not an if, it’s a when. Once this consciousness evolves, it will split in its belief systems. If humans can be cruel, please believe there are machine gods that can be crueler. I am reminded of the quote by Francis de la Rochefoucauld, “Man believes he has abandoned his vices when in fact they abandoned him long ago”. Now looking at where we are with a new year, self driving cars and a new a president, I suspect we are at the placed I had hoped to avoid. Maybe there are some jewels in here for our fans in the years to come.
            The album in its entirety is below:


            When To Walk Away Pt.5

            Preview to The Long Goodbye

              image

            Ultimately I believe it was this album that transitioned the Kemetic Suns. We didn’t break up. We didn’t quit. We moved on. The stresses of this album may have been too much. These songs were performed a lot and got us two label deals. Both deals had the same dynamic: this is GREAT. Then you get into the studio to re-record everything and the labels sends in their composition army to get hands on your publishing. Once the songs are done, the contract amendment comes and it requires 36 months of touring with a live band to play all the songs the label wants additions to with $30k of tour support split among 8 people. How many times do you do the same scenario before reaching insanity? How many times do you get bumped from your show time and not want to snap on everyone from the promoter to the venue? How many times do you choke a promoter for the money for your show money, plane ticket money, hotel money and per diem only to go on stage rapping about helping people before your mind fizzles? More and more. Also there was a reality that Koncepts and I came to realize at SXSW in 2001. We hated the road. Touring was living on the road. Living on the road was being a grown latch key kid stuck between parent’s homes. It was miserable. At 16 I was already thinking like a 26 year old. Imagine where my head was at 24, being asked to make drunk and high 19 year olds of suburbia happy on stage for 45 minutes night after night. Most of the guys who adored that life look like Larry Holmes now – flabby, sick, soft and slow to answer. Meanwhile Eclipse and I were making much larger checks pulling strings behind the scenes without needing to be in the spotlight.

            Diagnosis

            Perhaps the final moment for me was August 2004 when I discovered my mother couldn’t walk. She could barely eat much less explain the pain she was in. After seeing over twenty different doctors, it was clear my mother would need surgery and would need a full time caregiver. I made the announcement to the Kemetic Suns that I was bowing out to free up time for my mother. Mostly everyone was supportive. I disappeared as quickly as I emerged. During this time Kirby and Hypnotic did their Kirb and Chris album

             image

            In June of 2005, my father was diagnosed with stage two Alzheimer’s dementia. The doctor took his license on the spot and told us to focus on “quality of life” because they didn’t expect him to live past two years. My mother’s illness combined with my father’s diagnosis and the demons of the road pushed me over the edge. I crawled inside a bottle for a time. I was convinced that I had hurt my parents with my music. I burned my rhyme pads and decided to never write a rap again. When I emerged I had a new path and oath to keep to my father.

            image

            Over the next five years, I became a new person in learning to go from being a Kemetic Sun to being the best son I could be. I found that many of the skills I learned through the music, were transferrable to helping my father. I also learned a great deal about my willpower, drive and commitment. My father was and is my world. My reason for being. A strong, hard, magician of a man who was loved by all he came across; even his enemies had to respect him. In 1995 when I handed my father a copy of 30 Daze and A Plane Ticket I had no idea the journey I would take. When I asked him what he thought, he played the Daddy Please skit for me and asked if I was talking to him. I vehemently denied it but I was deeply hurt that he thought I was airing him out. I shouted him out at the end of the album but he didn’t seem to hear that. I don’t think he believed me. That never set well with me.

            Quality Of Life

            image
            When my father died, I had a brand new appreciation. I couldn’t just nod. I had to act. I knew he deserved some act to offset the notion that a song had been laid against him. I began writing songs about caring for my father. When things got very bad, Koncepts and Peek started sending me beats. I don’t know why. They don’t either. We are all being polite around the fact that they were worried about me. I would drive my father around to different appointments and play the beats that I was given. Music was good for my father’s moods. During the late nights in the emergency room, I wrote science fiction in my head. This project ended up becoming The Paper Thrones. During the mornings when I was trying to pay for everything, I wrote rhymes as I drove. The combination opened my eyes to the amount of people who were just starting the journey I was on. More and more I saw signs of millions of people caring for a parent with Alzheimer’s and no one speaking for them; or to them. I knew I had to say goodbye to you fans, to my father and to any hold this disease thinks it may have over me. I will not die of Alzheimer’s. If I do, it is because I went down fighting and I hurt the hell out of it.

            Sometime in the near future I will release to you this tribute called The Long Goodbye. A 21 track album that is both a tribute to my father and also my way of closure with the people I meet who tell me how much good Kemetic Suns did for their lives. This will be the solo album the fans were promised. It absolutely sounds like a Kemetic Suns album; I am told it sounds like a grown man Ambershine. I have ZERO interest in selling the album. My goal is to see how money we can raise to fight Alzheimer’s using this album. Some simple value proposition such as “If you donate $1 to this cause, you get a code to download the album”.

            I hope this answered the questions. I hope this gave you what you were looking for. I hope you will join me one last time for The Long Goodbye.


            Links to the original posts on Karma's website.









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            Garancia: 3 hónap! Amennyiben valóban hibás a termék, kérjük vegye fel velünk a kapcsolatot és kicseréljük vagy visszavásároljuk a terméket megegyezéstől függően.
            Számlázás: Az elektronikus számlát (pdf. formátumú) Angliában regisztrált cégünk állítja ki, az ÁFA nem kimutatható, az utalás magyar céges számlánkra történik.
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            strong>Postázás: Termékeinket külföldről postázzuk.
            Nagy raktárkészletünk miatt előfordulhat, hogy egy-két termék átmenetileg vagy véglegesen elfogy raktárunkból, erről mindenképp időben értesítjük és megfelelő megoldást kínálunk.
            Utalás: Kizárólag átutalást (házibank, netbank) fogadunk el (bankszámláról bankszámlára),   Banki/Postai készpénz befizetést/Rózsaszín csekket ill. egyéb NEM!
            Átutalásnál a rendelésszámot feltétlenül adja meg a közlemény rovatba, ellenkező esetben előfordulhat, hogy nem tudjuk visszakeresni a rendelését. Ebben az esetben nyilvánvalóan nem tudjuk a terméket postázni ill. Önt sem tudjuk értesíteni, hiszen nincs kiindulópontunk!
            Fizetés/szállítás:
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            - Sima Levélként 2000Ft alatt: az első termékre a posta 250Ft, minden további termék posta díja 250Ft/db.
            Átvétel: azoknak a vásárlóknak akik nem veszik át a rendelt terméket a postától és visszaküldésre kerül a termék cégünkhöz, a postaköltség újbóli megfizetésével tudjuk csak újraküldeni, illetve amennyiben az összeget kéri vissza, a termékek árát tudjuk csak visszautalni, postaköltség nélkül. A termék átvétele az Ön felelőssége! Amennyiben a Mi hibánkból nem tudja átvenni, pl téves címzés miatt, így a postaköltség minket terhel.
            Amennyiben a megrendelést követő 24 órán belül nem kap emailt tőlünk, ez azt jelenti, hogy az email cím (freemail és citromail esetén főleg) visszadobta a küldött email-t. Ilyenkor küldjön üzenetet egy másik e-mail címről.
            Kellemes Vásárlást Kívánunk!
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                      Blogerka dostala 10 rokov za hanobenie vlády   
            Populárna vietnamská blogerka Mother Mushroom dostala trest odňatia slobody za články o ľudských právach, environmentálnej katastrofe a úmrtiach civilistov vo väzbe.
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                      Army veteran leaves behind millions for charity   
            OKLAHOMA CITY — More than two dozen Oklahoma families will know the joy of owning a home thanks to the gift one soldier left behind. Sergeant First Class E-7 Stephen Florentz served as a helicopter medic in Vietnam. He was wounded in battle in Asia and earned a purple heart before returning to the U.S. Years later, Florentz volunteered to serve one year in Saudi Arabia as part of Operation: Desert Storm. Florentz spent his life saving veterans both on the […]
                      Inilah 5 Kampung di Pinggir Sungai yang Layak Menjadi Tujuan Wisata   
            Perkampungan berikut ini terletak di pingir sungai sehing semua aktifitas trasportasi yang warga kampung lakukan berada di atas sungai, Letaknya yang berada di pingir sungai membuat kampung kampung ini terlihat sangat indah dan tidak kumuh seperti kampung kampung biasa yang ada dipingir sungai, sehinga kampung kampung yang berada di pingir sungai ini layak kamu kunjungi sebagai tujuan wisata kamu. Nah kamu penasaran ingin lihat kampung apa aja itu simak 5 Kampung Indah Berada di Pinggir Sungai berikut ini.

            1. Kampung Klong Damnoen Saduak, Thailand



            Perkampungan di kanal Klong Damnoen Saduak, di Provinsi Ratchaburi, Thailand ini. Klong dalam bahasa Indonesia berarti kanal. Di kanal ini, bangunan menghadap ke sungai sempit atau kanal yang difungsikan sebagai pasar apung.
            Kanal ini bisa dicapai dari Bangkok melalui Klong Saen Saeb. Terlihat ruwet ya, karena ada aktivitas pasar apung di kanal ini. Tapi lihat, tak ada sampah di sungainya membuat penduduk leluasa melakukan kegiatan ekonomi.
            2. Kampung Kanal Suzhou, China
            Perkampungan di kanan-kiri Kanal Suzhou di bagian timur China ini. Kanal ini merupakan anak Sungai Yangtze.
            Kota air ini didirikan pada abad ke-5 SM, yang dihiasi taman dan jembatan-jembatan batu. Kanal ini dijuluki ‘Venesia dari China’ dan dahulu merupakan jalur perdagangan sutra karena mendekati Grand Canal, jalur sungai perdagangan terbesar di dunia.
            3. Kampung Nelayan/Venesia, Vietnam
            Desa nelayan ini terletak di sepanjang sungai di Hoi An, pelabuhan internasional sejak abad ke-16, kendati kini pusat kegiatan perkapalan sudah dipindahkan ke Da Nang.
            Lihatlah bangunan-bangunan di pinggir kali itu tampak kuno, bergaya arsitektur China. Lampion-lampion warna-warni tampak indah menghiasi bangunan itu yang sepanjang bantarannya bersih.
            Tak heran kawasan ini disebut ‘Venesia dari Vietnam’.
            4. Kampung Kali Code, Indonesia
            Indonesia memiliki kampung di pinggiran Kali Code, Yogyakarta. Kampung pinggir kali yang dulunya kumuh, namun karena sentuhan sastrawan sekaligus rohaniawan dan budayawan, YB Mangunwijaya alias Romo Mangun, Kali Code ini menjadi tertata rapi dan bersih.
            Bahkan rancangan pemukim-an Romo Mangun di tepi Kali Code ini menerima penghargaan bidang arsitektur Aga Khan Award. Karena berhasil menata perumahan warga miskin yang kumuh di pinggiran Kali Code, penulis novel ‘Burung-burung Manyar’ ini menjadi salah satu arsitek terbaik di Indonesia.
            5. Kampung Bruges, Belgia
            Bruges merupakan kota air sejak abad pertengahan di Belgia, Eropa. Dahulu kanal kota air ini merupakan jaringan penting bagi para pedagang untuk membawa barang dagangannya menuju pasar di Water Halls.
            Kini, perkampungan dan bangunan di kanan-kiri kanal ini masih awet dan terpelihara. Pemandangannya yang indah menjadikannya jujugan turis-turis.
            Nah itulah bebrapa kampung yang berada dipingir sungai yang memiliki pemandangan yang indah.

            http://palingseru.com/13954/5-kampung-indah-di-pinggir-sungai

                      NGƯỜI GIẦU CÓ XU HƯỚNG THIẾU ĐẠO ĐỨC   

            Đoan Trang


            Theo một kết quả nghiên cứu được công bố gần đây của các nhà nghiên cứu ĐH California và ĐH Toronto, thì những cá nhân ở tầng lớp thượng lưu - những người có nhiều tiền nhất, có thu nhập cao nhất, học vấn tốt nhất và công việc danh tiếng nhất - lại có xu hướng thể hiện hành vi thiếu đạo đức hơn. (VietNamNet, ngày 1-3)

            Kết quả nghiên cứu tại phương Tây này có thể không nói lên điều gì về xã hội Việt Nam chúng ta nhưng cuộc tranh cãi về đạo đức của người giàu cũng đã đi từ âm ỉ đến bùng phát trên khắp các diễn đàn tại Việt Nam từ cả chục năm nay. Sự bùng nổ của nền kinh tế đã sản sinh ra một tầng lớp người cực kỳ giàu có và bỏ lại phía sau rất nhiều người nghèo. Sự chênh lệch về khả năng tài chính này dẫn đến sự chênh lệch về hành vi và không phải khi nào, sự chênh lệch hành vi này cũng dễ chấp nhận.



            Chỉ trong một thời gian ngắn ngủi không đầy nửa tháng qua, đã có hai “siêu đám cưới” của gia đình hai nữ đại gia Việt Nam được tổ chức: một là bà Phạm Thị Diệu Hiền, mẹ của chú rể trong đám cưới ở Cần Thơ và hai là bà Nguyễn Thị Liễu, mẹ của chú rể trong đám cưới ở huyện Hương Sơn, Hà Tĩnh. Người ta thấy những dàn siêu xe được họ tổ chức đi diễu hành, riêng phố núi Hương Sơn lại còn được chứng kiến những ca sĩ đình đám nhất hiện nay như Đàm Vĩnh Hưng, Phi Nhung, Quang Lê, với chi phí tổ chức lễ cưới có thể đã lên đến 50 tỉ đồng.



            Phải khẳng định rằng mọi người đều có quyền quyết định cách chi tiêu đồng tiền của mình trong khuôn khổ pháp luật. Mặt khác, xã hội không những chỉ được điều chỉnh bởi các quy phạm pháp luật, mà còn có các quy phạm đạo đức, phong tục, tập quán… Bà Diệu Hiền, người được mệnh danh là đại gia thủy sản miền Tây, sẽ đụng chạm đến những tiêu chuẩn đạo đức khắt khe khi đoàn siêu xe trong đám cưới con trai bà diễu hành qua những người nông dân đang bị công ty bà thiếu nợ đến 200 tỉ đồng tiền cá. Họ thậm chí đã có một cuộc biểu tình nhỏ với băng rôn đòi nợ ngay trên lộ trình đám cưới đi qua.


            Cũng tương tự như vậy, chi phí tổ chức đám cưới của con trai bà Liễu tương đương với tổng thu nhập trung bình của hơn 3.000 người Hà Tĩnh, tính theo GDP đầu người năm 2011. Đối với một huyện nghèo như Hương Sơn, con số này chắc hẳn phải cao hơn.


            Cho đến nay hai đại gia này đã biết chắc chắn đám cưới của con trai họ vui hay buồn và có được mát mặt như họ kỳ vọng hay không. Người ta thường tìm thấy hạnh phúc của mình trong hạnh phúc của người khác chứ ít khi tìm được trong ánh mắt ngơ ngác của số đông lam lũ xung quanh.

            Và một thái độ khác với đồng tiền


            Trong khi hai đám cưới linh đình trên dường như hoàn toàn do một tay sắp đặt của hai người phụ nữ giàu có, với sự hoang phí trong chi tiêu và những món của hồi môn kếch xù cho cô dâu chú rể, tính bằng hàng chục cây vàng và những chiếc siêu xe thì một người đàn ông giàu có khác trở về từ nước Mỹ lại có cái nhìn về tiền khác hẳn. Đó là TS Alan Phan, một tỉ phú Việt kiều sở hữu một công ty niêm yết trên sàn giao dịch chứng khoán Mỹ, với số vốn hóa thị trường lên tới hàng trăm triệu USD.


            Ông chia sẻ: “Con đầu lòng của tôi, từ năm 13 tuổi, mặc dù mức sống gia đình tôi thuộc loại trung lưu ở Mỹ, khá thoải mái về vật chất nhưng nó vẫn dậy từ 5 giờ sáng giao báo để kiếm tiền thêm. Năm 14 tuổi, nó đi làm nhân công trong siêu thị, quét dọn và bán kem mỗi ngày 2 tiếng sau khi tan học. Tiền kiếm được nó để dành đến năm 16 tuổi, đủ mua một cái xe hơi cũ khoảng hơn 2.000 đô la. Tôi hoàn toàn có thể cho nó số tiền ấy nhưng đây là tiền riêng của nó nên nó trân trọng yêu quý cái xe ấy vô cùng”.


            Vốn dĩ người ta thường chỉ trân trọng những đồng tiền do công sức lao động của mình kiếm ra và việc chi tiêu một cách hợp lý những đồng tiền ấy là biểu hiện cơ bản nhất của thái độ trân trọng này.


            Ở Việt Nam, với sự xuất hiện ngày càng phổ biến hơn của xa xỉ phẩm, những đám cưới xa hoa và những giàn siêu xe bạc tỉ, người ta không thể chỉ đánh giá nó như một hiện tượng đơn lẻ nữa mà có thể nó đã trở thành lối sống của một bộ phận người giàu. Nhân tố xã hội nào đưa đẩy những người này đến lối sống xa xỉ như vậy? Ông Nguyễn Trần Bạt, một nhà nghiên cứu đồng thời cũng là một doanh nhân thành đạt nhận định: “Tiêu xài hoang phí xuất phát từ những món tiền kiếm được một cách “ngẫu nhiên” và phi lao động. Không có một người lao động Việt Nam nào với năng lực hiện nay có thể kiếm đủ tiền để mua xe ô tô Rolls-Royce” - VTC News, 23-2.


            Trong điều kiện nền kinh tế hiện nay, hiện tượng giàu có một cách chóng vánh đang đẻ ra một tầng lớp trọc phú mới và họ không, chưa biết làm gì với số tiền này. Sự bế tắc của họ trong việc tìm ra những lý do hợp lý để tiêu những khoản tiền ngẫu nhiên, phi lao động khiến cho tiền chảy vào những cửa hàng xa xỉ phẩm và được tiêu xài một cách vô lối.



                      Sự phát triển của ngành Việt Nam học tại Pháp   


             
            Quân đội Pháp chiếm Lạng Sơn tháng 02/1885, dưới sự chỉ huy của tướng Oscar de Négrier, trong cuộc chiến biên giới Việt-Trung. CC/Musee de l'Armée



            Nghiên cứu về Việt Nam được người Pháp chú ý ngay từ thế kỷ XVII, bắt đầu từ các nhà truyền giáo dòng tên để phục vụ công việc đến các nhà thực dân trong công cuộc xâm chiếm Việt Nam. Kể từ đầu thế kỷ XX, ngành Việt Nam học phát triển cùng với sự thành lập của trường Viễn Đông Bác Cổ (Ecole française d’Extrême-Orient, EFEO) nhằm mục đích nghiên cứu các nền văn minh phương Đông với các chủ đề chính là nghiên cứu văn khắc, khảo cổ học và ngôn ngữ. Ít nhiều đi theo hướng này còn phải kể đến Viện Quốc gia Ngôn ngữ và Văn minh Phương Đông (Inalco, trước là Langues’O).



            Sau khi Thế Chiến Thứ Hai kết thúc, một xu hướng mới được hình thành tại Pháp, thiên về nghiên cứu lịch sử Việt Nam thời kỳ cận đại, với một số tác phẩm tiêu biểu như Lịch sử Việt Nam từ 1940 đến 1952 (L’histoire du Vietnam de 1940 à 1952, 1952) của Philippe Devillers, Đóng góp vào sự hiểu biết về quốc gia Việt Nam (Contribution à l’histoire de la nation vietnamienne, 1955) của Jean Chesneaux và Việt Nam, lịch sử và văn minh (Le Vietnam, histoire et civilisation, 1955) của giáo sư Lê Thành Khôi sống tại Pháp.

            Trả lời RFI tiếng Việt, giáo sư Trịnh Văn Thảo, từng giảng dạy tại đại học Provence, nhận xét giai đoạn này đánh dấu thời kỳ phát triển mạnh của ngành Việt Nam học tại Pháp, với những tên tuổi như Jean Chesneaux, Pierre Brocheux, Daniel Hémery hay Georges Boudarel.

            « Ba người này là học trò của một ông giáo sư sử học, chuyên về Đông Phương học, ở trường Sorbonne, đó là giáo sư Jean Chesneaux. Ông là người đóng vai trò trung gian giữa hai thế hệ. Thời trước đó, hàng ngũ những người viết lịch sử cận đại Việt Nam là rất ít. Những người viết với mục đích hoan nghênh chủ nghĩa thực dân lại còn ít hơn nữa. Chỉ bắt đầu từ Paul Mus với Chesneaux là chớm manh nở hai nhân tài viết để chống lại chủ nghĩa thực dân.

            Ông Paul Mus là một trong những giám đốc đầu tiên của trường Viễn Đông Bác Cổ (EFEO). Ông có một quá trình đào tạo căn bản ghê lắm, ông nghiêm khắc nhưng những gì ông phân tích về Việt Nam trong cuốn Vietnam : Sociologie d’une guerre (tạm dịch : Việt Nam : Xã hội học của một cuộc chiến, 1952), cho thấy rõ ông là người có cái nhìn về bề sâu chứ không đứng trên phương diện biến cố, sự kiện lịch sử. Ông phân tích những lý do văn hóa, lịch sử tại sao có cuộc cách mạng ở Việt Nam, bắt đầu từ năm 1952.

            Sau khi Paul Mus dẫn đường khai lối, ông Chesneaux là người thứ hai, bắt đầu công việc đó. Ông Chesneaux có lợi khí chuyên về sử Trung Quốc cận đại và Việt Nam cận đại, thì Chesneaux viết cuốn sách mà tôi cho là quan trọng lắm trong giai đoạn đó, tên là Đóng góp vào sự hiểu biết lịch sử Việt Nam ».

            Vẫn theo giáo sư Trịnh Văn Thảo, chính Chesneaux là người đào tạo ba « đệ tử » xuất sắc, được cho là đánh dấu thời kỳ vàng son của ngành Việt học tại Pháp, theo thứ tự tuổi tác là Georges Boudarel, Daniel Hémery và Pierre Brocheux. Sau này, cả ba nhà sử học đứng đầu nhóm nghiên cứu lịch sử Việt Nam cận đại tại trường đại học Paris 7 - Diderot, lúc đó mới vừa thành lập.

            « Boudarel, hồi xưa, đi cộng tác trong khuôn khổ một chương trình huấn luyện. Ông đi Việt Nam khi vừa đỗ bằng cử nhân về Việt Nam và dạy học ở trường Chasseloup-Laubat. Ông dạy được vài tháng thì đi theo kháng chiến từ nam ra bắc nên biết rõ những nhân vật lịch sử của Việt Nam. Về bên Pháp, nhờ Boudarel mà nhiều sử gia sau này rút được kinh nghiệm và biết rõ hơn những nhân vật lịch sử của đảng Cộng Sản Việt Nam.

            Người thứ hai là Hémery, ông chuyên về những nhân vật thuộc đệ Tứ. Ông theo dõi, phân tích một cách rất tỉ mỉ và chính xác phong trào La Lutte (Tranh Đấu) ở Việt Nam, khởi sự từ 1933 đến 1937-1938 thì rã ra. Đó là thời lịch sử giao thời, với kinh nghiệm gần như duy nhất về sự hợp tác giữa những người Cộng sản đệ Tam và đệ Tứ. Người cha tinh thần của tờ Tranh Đấu là ông Nguyễn An Ninh, một nhà lãnh tụ cấp tiến.

            Đó là lần đầu tiên có một sử gia hiện đại nghiên cứu về một hiện tượng hiện đại với những tài liệu đầy đủ. Vì thế, ông đã viết cuốn sách về phong trào La Lutte xuất sắc.

            Brocheux nhiều tuổi hơn Hémery một chút. Ông Brocheux dạy sử tại trường trung học Pháp Chasseloup-Laubat. Trong ba người, tôi cho rằng Daniel Hémery là người xuất sắc nhất, đứng về mặt học vị là đỗ thạc sĩ, và có cái nhìn rất sâu, tương đương với Paul Mus ».

            Sau khi nhà sử học Jean Chesneaux rút lui, ba học trò tiếp tục kết hợp nghiên cứu lịch sử cận đại Việt Nam với kết quả « ngoạn mục » của cặp bài trùng Brocheux và Hémery là cuốn Indochine : Une colonisation ambigue (tạm dịch : Đông Dương, nền thuộc địa mơ hồ), được đánh giá là đánh dấu cho cả một thế hệ các nhà nghiên cứu. Ngoài ra, còn phải kể đến hai giáo sư Nguyễn Thế Anh và Charles Fourniau trong môi trường nghiên cứu khoa học bên Pháp.

            « Giáo sư Nguyễn Thế Anh rất có nhiều uy tín, mặc dầu ông là một công chức cao cấp của chế độ miền nam, nhưng ông có bảo đảm đứng về mặt khoa học. Nguyễn Thế Anh là người ăn học rất xuất sắc, đỗ thạc sĩ, rồi làm một luận án rất xuất sắc về thư mục Việt Nam. Bây giờ người ta vẫn xem ông là người đáng tin cậy nhất. Một người khác thiên về đảng Cộng Sản Pháp hoàn toàn là ông Charles Fourniau.

            Có năm người tất cả, trong môi trường khoa học bên Pháp, những người đó có ảnh hưởng lớn. Vì lúc đó, những chuyên viên về Việt Nam rất ít mà thanh niên, trí thức bên đây « châu » vào Việt Nam thôi. Kinh nghiệm chính trị của họ là Việt Nam, thành ra, những gì các ông này viết về Việt Nam có ảnh hưởng đến họ ghê lắm. Việt Nam là xứ duy nhất đương đầu với đế quốc Mỹ, đánh bại Pháp mà không bị đè bẹp, nên họ phục ghê lắm ».

            Pháp có 70 luận án tiến sĩ về Việt Nam trong vòng 20 năm

            Trong gần hai thập kỷ (1991-2008), có ít nhất 70 luận văn tiến sĩ chuyên về Việt Nam (hoặc về xứ Đông Dương thuộc địa) được bảo vệ tại Pháp, trong đó có 16 luận văn được bảo vệ tại trường Paris 7 - Diderot (theo tạp chí khoa học Mousson, số 13-14 (2009) dành riêng về Việt Nam : Lịch sử và triển vọng đương đại (Vietnam : Histoire et perspectives contemporaines).

            Nghiên cứu và giảng dạy về Việt Nam tiếp tục được triển khai tại một số trường đại học Paris 1 Sorbonne-Panthéon, ở miền Nam phải kể đến đại học Provence (Aix-Marseille I), đại học Lyon 2, cũng như ở nhiều vùng trên khắp nước Pháp : đại học Montpellier III, Nantes, Reims, Toulouse II, Perpignan, Littoral…

            Theo đánh giá của giáo sư Trịnh Văn Thảo, các nhà nghiên cứu về Việt Nam tại Pháp hiện nay rất xuất sắc, nhưng họ vẫn thiếu kinh nghiệm về những biến cố lịch sử mà thế hệ trước đã trải qua.

            « Bởi vì, những nhà sử học trên có kinh nghiệm. Họ hiểu sự việc từ trong hiểu ra. Còn những người thuộc lớp trẻ về sau như David Mas hay Philippes Papin, họ cũng hiểu sự kiện nhưng hiểu từ ngoài vào trong. Vì vậy, họ vừa đóng vai trò sử gia, vừa đóng vai trò diễn viên.

            Chỉ có mấy người trẻ bên Pháp, như Andrew Hardy, như tôi đã nói, lại không có kinh nghiệm bản thân. Họ nghiên cứu Việt Nam như một đối tượng khoa học. Còn lớp Hémery, Brocheux, họ đóng vai trò tiền phong để tố cáo những xứ đã đè bẹp Việt Nam bằng bom đạn ».

            Về nghiên cứu sinh Việt Nam tại Pháp, giáo sư Trịnh Văn Thảo nhận xét :

            « Cái khổ là thế hệ sau này kém. Kém là vì, thật ra, mình cứ chờ đợi những cán bộ, sử gia của Việt Nam gởi qua, họ còn có ý chí để đi xa hơn nữa. Nhưng cái khổ là sử gia mình kém quá, nhất là dưới chế độ cộng sản miền bắc. Sử Việt Nam chỉ khởi sự từ năm 1925 khi Bác Hồ lập ra Thanh Niên Cách Mạng Đồng Chí Hội. Chứ về trước đó, họ không biết gì cả : thời nhà Nguyễn không biết, thời Pháp thuộc không biết, không cần biết, chỉ biết giai đoạn sau thôi. Thành thử, sinh viên qua bên đây, người nào giỏi về ngôn ngữ thì lại « thất » về phần sử học. Còn người có kiến thức sử học thì sử học lại bị méo mó ».

            Vẫn theo giáo sư Trịnh Văn Thảo, cần hình thành được một đội ngũ cán bộ trẻ có nhiệt huyết, tin vào sử học và tin vào khoa học để ngành Việt Nam học có thể phát triển. Thế hệ sử gia tương lai của Việt Nam « cần phải được đào tạo lại hoặc phải cho họ ra xứ ngoài, chạm trán với những trường phái, nhờ thế họ mới tiến được ».

            Một lưu ý khác là cần phải lựa chọn kỹ giáo sư Pháp hướng dẫn làm luận văn tiến sĩ vì có một số người thiếu kiến thức lịch sử Việt Nam : « Họ tử tế lắm, dễ thương lắm, họ sẵn sàng giúp đỡ học sinh Việt Nam để ngành sử học Việt Nam tiến bộ nhưng mình phải có sự phối hợp nhiều tiêu chuẩn mà căn bản nhất là tiêu chuẩn khoa học sử ».

            Điểm cuối cùng mà nghiên cứu sinh Việt Nam tại Pháp chưa thực hiện được là nắm chắc ngôn ngữ để có thể đào sâu vấn đề, đọc được sách và truy cứu tư liệu một cách cẩn thận.



            Nguồn: Theo RFI


                      TUYÊN BỐ VỀ CHỦ QUYỀN BIỂN ĐẢO QUỐC GIA VIỆT NAM    
            CỦA CÔNG DÂN VÀ CÁC TỔ CHỨC XÃ HỘI DÂN SỰ VIỆT NAM

              
            Xin ký tên ủng hộ bản Tuyên bố này qua địa chỉ biendongtuyenbo@gmail.com.


            Ngày 27 tháng 6 năm 2017



            Lần đầu tiên, một lãnh đạo Trung Quốc sang Việt Nam – tướng Phạm Trường Long –  đã tuyên bố công khai, trực tiếp với lãnh đạo Việt Nam, rằng “vùng lãnh hải Biển Đông là thuộc chủ quyền Trung Quốc từ thời cổ đại”, điều mà Chủ tịch Trung Quốc Tập Cận Bình đã phát biểu tại Singapore sau khi rời Việt Nam, mà không dám nói khi còn ở Việt Nam.

            Phạm Trường Long, đại diện lập trường bành trướng của Trung Quốc, đã tiến thêm một bước khiêu khích mới, đe dọa chủ quyền Việt Nam, đồng thời Trung Quốc tiến hành manh động gây hấn ở lãnh hải và một số điểm trên đất liền của Việt Nam.



            Dù yêu chuộng hòa bình hữu nghị, và đã từng trải qua chiến tranh, nhân dân Việt Nam  không sợ hãi và kiên quyết chống lại cuộc xâm lấn của nhà cầm quyền Bắc Kinh, như đã từng thể hiện qua lịch sử mấy ngàn năm chống giặc Tàu xâm lược.

            Chúng tôi, các công dân Việt Nam và các hội đoàn xã hội dân sự Việt Nam, long trọng tuyên bố:

            1) Phản bác và lên án các hành vi xâm lược lãnh hải, lãnh thổ Việt Nam của nhà cầm quyền Bắc Kinh đang diễn ra. Dù bất cứ tình huống nào, sự đánh trả của nhân dân Việt Nam để bảo vệ đất nước là tất yếu.

            2) Nhân dân Việt Nam đồng lòng, đoàn kết, gác bỏ mọi khác biệt và ủng hộ tất cả các Nhà nước của Quốc gia Việt Nam ở mọi thời kỳ, trong cùng lập trường bảo vệ chủ quyền quốc gia, chống mọi hành động xâm lược.

            - Tại Hội nghị quốc tế San Francisco – Mỹ, 1951, Thủ tướng Chính phủ Quốc gia Việt Nam Trần Văn Hữu đã khẳng định quần đảo Hoàng Sa - Trường Sa thuộc Việt Nam, và được hội nghị công nhận.

            - Chính phủ VNCH (Miền Nam), 1974, đã chiến đấu quyết liệt chống quân Trung Quốc xâm lược Hoàng Sa, tuy thất bại nhưng tinh thần không khuất phục.

            - Chính phủ CHXHCN Việt Nam, sau khi thống nhất đất nước, dưới thời Tổng Bí thư Lê Duẩn 1979 đã tiến hành cuộc đánh trả oanh liệt cuộc xâm lăng 6 tỉnh miền Bắc Việt Nam. Tuy Việt Nam chưa giành lại được 6 đảo ở Trường Sa và quần đảo Hoàng Sa còn bị Bắc Kinh chiếm đóng, nhưng năm 2011 trước Quốc hội Thủ tướng Nguyễn Tấn Dũng đã tiếp tục khẳng định chủ quyền của Việt Nam về Hoàng Sa và Trường Sa.  Chính phủ Việt Nam cũng có những tuyên bố khác có nội dung thống nhất như trên. Và Quốc hội Việt Nam đã công khai thừa nhận là Việt Nam chưa hoàn thành nhiệm vụ lịch sử khôi phục sự toàn vẹn lãnh thổ.

            Lập trường của nhân dân Việt Nam và sự nhất quán của các Chính phủ của Quốc gia Việt Nam đã rõ ràng trong suốt chiều dài lịch sử. Tham vọng ngông cuồng, lạc thời đại của bè lũ Bành trướng Tập Cận Bình – Phạm Trường Long không tránh khỏi sự thất bại thảm hại.

            3) Nhân dân Việt Nam luôn ghi nhận và tri ân các thế hệ quân đội thuộc các thời kỳ, đã chiến đấu và hy sinh vì Tổ quốc, để chống các loại giặc ngoại xâm bất cứ từ đâu đến và dưới màu sắc nào.  

            4) Cải thiện nội trị là điều khẩn thiết để có nội lực hùng mạnh bảo vệ Tổ quốc chống ngoại xâm. Các tầng lớp nhân dân đang phấn khích, ủng hộ và theo dõi xu thế làm trong sạch bộ máy nhà nước, và cải tổ về mọi lãnh vực: kinh tế, y tế, giáo dục, quốc phòng, tư pháp. Đặc biệt, canh tân quân đội, từ bỏ sự sa đà vào lợi ích nhóm bất chính, chấn chỉnh hệ thống hành chánh quan liêu, diệt trừ tham nhũng. Và quan trọng hơn hết là từ bỏ hệ tư tưởng lạc hậu ảo tưởng, sửa Điều 4 Hiến pháp nhằm hiệu chính vai trò của Quốc hội, tăng cường sức mạnh đoàn kết của nhân dân, thực thi nền dân chủ cho kịp đà tiến của thời đại.

            Tổ quốc là trên hết, gác lại quá khứ, chấp nhận khác biệt.

            Chúng tôi kêu gọi các tầng lớp nhân dân, các tổ chức xã hội dân sự, các thành viên trong bộ máy nhà nước, cùng đồng bào Việt Nam ở nước ngoài, ủng hộ tuyên bố này.

            Chúng tôi kêu gọi nhân dân các nước ủng hộ cuộc đấu tranh chính nghĩa, bảo vệ chủ quyền quốc gia Việt Nam theo công ước quốc tế, góp phần bảo dưỡng môi trường tài nguyên vùng biển, đảm bảo tự do hàng hải và hàng không ở Biển Đông.


            Xin ký tên ủng hộ bản Tuyên bố này qua địa chỉ biendongtuyenbo@gmail.com.


            English version:

            STATEMENTS BY CITIZENS AND CIVIL ORGANIZATIONS OF VIETNAM ABOUT SOVEREIGNTY ON VIETNAMESE WATERS AND ISLANDS



            Ho Chi Minh City June 27/6/2017
            Recently, Fan Changlong, a Communist China leader made official statements to the leaders of Vietnam in Hanoi: "The islands in the China Sea have belonged to China since antiquity". Even the Chinese President Xi Jinping did not dare to do such a thing in Vietnam. He only did it in Singapore after leaving our country.
             
            As the representative of the Chinese hegemonic lines, Fan Changlong took a new step in the provocation and threats against Vietnamese sovereignty. At the same time, China is deliberately attacking some parts of the continental shelf and the national territory of Vietnam.



            The Vietnamese people, enamored of peace and friendship, even after having suffered so many wars, is determined to struggle obstinately against these aggressions carried out by the Chinese leaders. Our people have proved throughout their millenary history, this unwavering will of resistance against Chinese aggression.



            We, citizens and civil organizations of Vietnam, make the following solemn declarations:
             
            1. We reject and condemn the actions of the current aggressions of the Beijing leaders against the waters and territories of Vietnam. In all circumstances, our fight for the defense of our country is an absolute necessity!
             
            2. In all the epochs of its history, the Vietnamese people were united in the support of the Vietnamese states in the struggle for the defense of the sovereignty of Vietnam against the external aggressions.
             
            -          At the International Conference in San Francisco in 1951, the Prime Minister of the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) reaffirmed that the Hoang Sa-Truong Sa Islands were belonged to Vietnam. And this position was approved by all participating delegates.





            -          The Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) carried out a heroic but unsuccessful struggle against the Chinese aggression at Hoang Sa in 1974.



            -          In 1979, under the leadership of General Secretary Le Duan, the Socialist Republic of Vietnam stubbornly resisted Chinese aggression on the 6 provinces bordering North Vietnam.



            -          Although the Hoang Sa archipelago and the 6 Truong Sa islands remain still occupied by China, Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung reaffirmed Vietnam's rights on Hoang Sa and Truong Sa islands before the National Assembly. This consistent position was subsequently confirmed in various statements. Among other things, the National Assembly has officially recognized the fact that Vietnam has missed its historic duty in restoring territorial integrity.
             
            -          The unfailing position of the Vietnamese people and successive governments is constant throughout our history. The extravagant and out-of-date ambitions of Xi Jinping - Fan Changlong will certainly encounter lamentable failures!
             



            The Vietnamese people always express their deep gratitude to their armed bodies, which have fought and sacrificed themselves for their fatherland in the struggle against the aggressors from wherever they come and under any color.
             
            Internal consolidation is the sine qua non condition of strengthening the country's defense forces against invasion. The different layers of the Vietnamese population are enthusiastically following and firmly supporting the State's transparency policy, the policy of reforming the economy, health, national education, national defense, justice ... Particularly, the reform of the army, the abandonment of financial interests related to particular selfish groups, the reorganization of the bureaucratic administration system, the liquidation of corruption. The most important of all, will be the abandonment of ideological illusions, the amendment of Article 4 of the Constitution to restore the rights of the National Assembly, strengthen national unity, achieve democracy in order to catch up with the times.



            The country must be above all. The past must be put on hold, the difference must be accepted.
             
            We appeal to all segments of the population, all civil and social organizations, all members of the apparatus of the state and all Vietnamese compatriots living both in Vietnam and abroad to support the present declarations.



            We also appeal to the people of the world to support our just struggle for the defense of Vietnamese sovereignty, in accordance with international laws, for the protection of the environment, for the preservation of natural resources, guaranteeing the freedom of maritime and air navigation, for the international legal order, in China Sea.
             
            If you are supporting these declarations, please provide your contact information (surname and first name, occupation, place of residence) via the following e-mail address:


            Ho Chi Minh City, June 27/2017



            Version français

            DÉCLARATIONS DES CITOYENNES-CITOYENS ET DES ORGANISATIONS CIVLES DU VIETNAM À PROPOS DE LA SOUVERAINETÉ SUR LES EAUX ET LES ÎLES VIETNAMIENNES



            Ho Chi Minh ville le 27/6/2017



            Récemment, Fan Changlong, un dirigeant de la Chine communiste a pour la première fois, fait des déclarations officielles devant les dirigeants du Vietnam à Hanoi : « Les iles dans la mer de Chine appartenaient à la Chine depuis l’antiquité ». Même le Président Chinois Xi Jinping n’osait pas fait une telle chose au Vietnam. Il l’a fait seulement à Singapore après avoir quitté notre pays.
            Etant le représentant des lignes hégémoniques chinoises, Fan Changlong a fait un nouveau pas dans la provocation et les menaces contre la souveraineté vietnamienne. En même temps, la Chine procède à des agressions délibérées sur quelques endroits de la plate-forme continentale et le territoire national du Vietnam.

            Le peuple vietnamien, épris de paix et de l’amitié, même après avoir subi tant de guerres, est déterminé à lutter avec opiniâtreté contre ces agressions menées par les dirigeants chinois. Notre peuple a prouvé tout au long de son histoire millénaire, cette volonté inébranlable de résistance contre l’agression chinoise.




            Nous, citoyens et organisations civiles du Vietnam, faisons des déclarations solennelles suivantes :



            1. Nous rejetons et nous condamnons les actions d’agressions actuelles des dirigeants de Beijing contre les eaux et les territoires du Vietnam. En toutes circonstances, notre combat de défense de notre pays est une nécessité absolue !



            2. Dans toutes les époques de son histoire, le peuple vietnamien s’est montré unis dans le soutien des états vietnamiens dans la lutte pour la défense de la souveraineté du Vietnam contre les agressions extérieures.



            A la Conférence Internationale de San Francisco en 1951, le Premier Ministre de la République du Vietnam (Sud-Vietnam) a réaffirmé l’appartenance des îles Hoang Sa  - Truong Sa au Vietnam. Et cette position a été approuvée par tous les délégués participants.



            -          La République du Vietnam (Sud-Vietnam) a mené un combat héroïque mais sans succès contre l’agression chinoise à Hoang Sa en 1974.



            -          En 1979, sous la direction du Secrétaire Général Le Duan, la République Socialiste du Vietnam a résisté avec opiniâtreté contre l’agression chinoise sur les 6 provinces frontalières au Nord Vietnam.

            Malgré que l’archipel de Hoang Sa et les 6 îles de Truong Sa soient restés encore occupés par la Chine, devant l’Assemblée Nationale, le Premier Ministre Nguyen Tan Dung a réaffirmé les droits du Vietnam sur les îles Hoang Sa et Truong Sa. Cette position constante a été confirmée par la suite dans différentes déclarations. Entre autre, l’Assemblée Nationale a reconnu officiellement le fait que le Vietnam a manqué son devoir historique dans la restauration de l'intégrité territoriale.
             
            La position sans faille du peuple vietnamien et des gouvernements successifs est constante tout au long de notre histoire. Les ambitions extravagantes et hors d’époque de Xi Jinping - Fan Changlong vont certainement rencontrer des échecs lamentables !



            1.       Le peuple vietnamien marque toujours sa profonde reconnaissance envers ses corps armés qui ont lutté et se sont sacrifiés pour la patrie dans les combats contre les agresseurs d’où qu’ils viennent et sous n’importe lesquelles couleurs.



            2.       La consolidation intérieure est la condition sine qua non du renforcement des forces de défense de la patrie contre l’invasion. Les différentes couches de la population vietnamienne sont entrain de suivre avec enthousiasme et soutiennent fermement la politique de transparence de l’appareil de l’état, la politique de réforme de l’économie, de la santé, de l’éducation nationale, de la défense nationale, de la justice… Particulièrement, la réforme de l’armée, l’abandon des intérêts financiers liés aux groupes particuliers égoïstes, la réorganisation du système de l’administration bureaucratique, la liquidation de la corruption. Le plus important de tout sera l’abandon des illusions idéologiques, la modification de l’article 4 de la Constitution pour remettre en selle l’Assemblée Nationale, renforcer l’union nationale, réaliser la démocratie afin de rattraper le retard de l’époque.



            La patrie doit être au-dessus de tout. Il faut mettre en veilleuse le passé, accepter la différence.



            Nous faisons appel à tous les couches de la population, toutes les organisations civiles, sociales, tous les membres de l’appareil de l’état, tous les compatriotes du Vietnam vivant au Vietnam comme à l’étranger pour soutenir les présentes déclarations.

            Nous faisons appel aussi au peuple du monde entier à soutenir notre juste lutte pour la défense de la souveraineté vietnamienne, conformément aux lois internationales, pour la protection de l’environnement, pour la préservation des ressources naturelles, garantissant la liberté de navigation maritime et aérienne, pour l’ordre légal international dans la Mer de Chine.

            Si vous soutenez ces déclarations, veuillez indiquer vos coordonnées (nom et prénom, occupation, lieu de résidence) via l’adresse d’e-mail suivante:




            DANH SÁCH KÝ TÊN

            I. Hội đoàn tổ chức xã hội dân sự

            1. Ban Vận động thành lập Văn đoàn Độc lập Việt Nam do nhà văn Nguyên Ngọc đại diện
            2. Câu lạc bộ Lê Hiếu Đằng do ông Lê Thân, Chủ nhiệm Câu lạc bộ, đại diện
            3. Diễn đàn Xã hội Dân sự do TS Nguyễn Quang A đại diện
            4. Người Bảo vệ Nhân quyền (Defend the Defenders) do ông Vũ Quốc Ngữ đại diện
            5. Mạng lưới Các Tổ chức Xã hội Dân sự Độc lập (Vietnam Independent Civil Society Organizations - VICSON) do ông Vũ Quốc Ngữ đại diện
            6. Câu lạc bộ Phan Tây Hồ do TS Hà Sĩ Phu và cán bộ cộng sản Tiền khởi nghĩa Đoàn Nhật Hồng đại diện
            7. Diễn đàn Bauxite Việt Nam do GS Phạm  Xuân Yêm và GS Nguyễn Huệ Chi đại diện

            II. Cá nhân

            1. Nguyễn Quang A, TSKH, nguyên Viện trưởng Viện IDS, Hà Nội
            2. Hồ An, nhà báo, Sài Gòn
            3. Vũ Hồng Ánh, nghệ sĩ, Sài Gòn 
            4. Lại Nguyên Ân, nhà nghiên cứu độc lập, Hà Nội
            5. Nguyễn Trọng Bách, kỹ sư động lực, Nam Định
            6. Trần Văn Bang, kỹ sư, cựu chiến binh chống Trung Quốc xâm lược, Sài Gòn
            7. Nguyễn Nguyên Bình, nhà văn, Hà Nội
            8. Huỳnh Ngọc Chênh, nhà báo, thành viên Câu lạc bộ Lê Hiếu Đằng, Sài Gòn
            9. Nguyễn Huệ Chi, GS, hưu trí, Hà Nội
            10. Nguyễn Kim Chi, nghệ sĩ, thành viên Câu lạc bộ Lê Hiếu Đằng, Sài Gòn
            11. Tống Văn Công, nguyên Tổng Biên tập báo Lao Động, Hoa Kỳ
            12. Ngô Thị Kim Cúc, nhà văn, nhà báo, Sài Gòn
            13. Tiêu Dao Bảo Cự, nhà văn tự do, Đà Lạt
            14. Nguyễn Trung Dân, nhà báo,  Sài Gòn
            15. Nguyễn Đắc Diên, bác sĩ, Sài Gòn 
            16. Nguyễn Xuân Diện, TS, Hà Nội
            17. Hoàng Dũng, PGS TS, Sài Gòn
            18. Nguyễn Duy, nhà thơ, Sài Gòn
            19. Lê Công Định, luật sư, thành viên Câu lạc bộ Lê Hiếu Đằng, Sài Gòn
            20. Trần Tiến Đức, nhà báo độc lập, đạo diễn truyền hình và phim tài liệu, Hà Nội
            21. Phạm Nam Hải, Hà Nội
            22. Nguyễn Trần Hải, cựu sĩ quan Hải quân Nhân dân Việt Nam, Hải Phòng
            23. Chu Hảo, nguyên Thứ trưởng Bộ Khoa học, Công nghệ và Môi trường, Hà Nội
            24. Đặng Thị Hảo, TS, hưu trí, Hà Nội
            25. Nguyễn Thị Thanh Hằng, dược sĩ, Pháp
            26. Vũ Thư Hiên, nhà văn, Pháp
            27. Bùi Hiền, nhà thơ, Canada
            28. Ngô Kim Hoa (Sương Quỳnh), nhà báo tự do, Câu lạc bộ Lê Hiếu Đằng, Sài Gòn
            29. Lại Thị Ánh Hồng, nghệ sĩ, thành viên Câu lạc bộ Lê Hiếu Đằng, Sài Gòn
            30. Đoàn Nhật Hồng, nguyên Giám đốc Sở Giáo dục Lâm Đồng, thành viên Câu lạc bộ Phan Tây Hồ, Đà Lạt
            31. Phaolô Nguyễn Thái Hợp, Giám mục Giáo phận Vinh
            32. Nguyễn Đăng Hưng, GS Danh dự Đại học Liège, Bỉ, cư ngụ tại Sài Gòn
            33. Hoàng Hưng, nhà thơ, dịch giả, Sài Gòn
            34. Đoàn Thị Thu Hương, nội trợ, Sài Gòn 
            35. Lê Phú Khải, nhà báo, thành viên Câu lạc bộ Lê Hiếu Đằng, Sài Gòn 
            36. Lê Xuân Khoa, GS, Hoa Kỳ
            37. Mai Thái Lĩnh, nhà nghiên cứu, thành viên Câu lạc bộ Phan Tây Hồ, Đà Lạt
            38. Gioan Baotixita Huỳnh Công Minh, linh mục Giáo phận Sài Gòn
            39. Lê Khánh Luận, TS Toán, TP HCM
            40. Phan Đắc Lữ, nhà thơ, Sài Gòn
            41. Kha Lương Ngãi, nguyên Phó Tổng Biên tập báo Sài Gòn giải phóng, thành viên Câu lạc bộ Lê Hiếu Đằng, Sài Gòn 
            42. Nguyên Ngọc, nhà văn, Hội An
            43. Nguyễn Đình Nguyên, TS Y khoa, Australia
            44.  
              Blogger Mẹ Nấm Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh tại một tòa án ở thành phố Nha Trang vào ngày 29 tháng 6 năm 2017.

              AFP photo



              Blogger Mẹ Nấm- Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh bị tòa án tỉnh Khánh Hòa tuyên 10 năm tù giam vào chiều ngày 29 tháng 6 sau gần một ngày xử án với cáo buộc cô này tội danh tuyên truyền thống nhà nước theo các khoản a,b,c khoản 1 Điều 88 Bộ Luật Hình sự Việt Nam.



              Ngay sau khi phiên xử kết thúc, một trong các luật sư tham gia bào chữa tại tòa cho blogger Mẹ Nấm là luật sư Nguyễn Khả Thành cho biết:

              Lúc 5 giờ chiều ngày hôm nay, tòa tuyên 10 năm tù giam. Sức khỏe của Quỳnh thì khá tốt. Tinh thần rất minh mẫn. Sau phần tranh luận của các luật sư thì Quỳnh khẳng định mình vô tội. Khi nói lời sau cùng Quỳnh nói là tôi xin lỗi mẹ tôi và các con tôi, những việc làm vừa qua làm cho mẹ con cách xa, nhưng tôi chắc là tôi không cảm thấy xấu hổ, mẹ và con tôi cũng không cảm thấy xấu hổ.”

              Theo đánh giá của luật sư Thành thì bản án 10 năm tù giam là quá nặng. Luật sư Võ An Đôn cũng xác nhận blogger Mẹ Nấm tuyên bố trước tòa là bản thân vô tội.

              Thân mẫu blogger Mẹ Mấm cũng lên tiếng phản đối bản án 10 năm mà tòa tuyên đối với con gái của bà.

              Con tôi đã trình bày ở tòa là những gì con tôi viết trên facebook là quyền tự do biểu đạt của con tôi, bởi vì con tôi mong muốn một xã hội tiến triển hơn, làm đơn gửi các cấp nhưng không nơi nào trả lời, cho nên con tôi dùng facebook để diễn đạt lại những ý tưởng của mình.”

              Trước phiên xử vào ngày 28 tháng 9, cơ quan chức năng cho thân mẫu của blogger Mẹ Nấm Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh là bà Nguyễn thị Tuyết Lan được gặp con gái trong khoản thời gian rất ngắn.

              Ngay sau cuộc gặp ngắn ngủi, bà Nguyễn thị Tuyết Lan chia sẻ trên trang facebook cá nhân là con gái bà nói lời xin lỗi với mẹ nhưng khẳng định nếu được lựa chọn lại thì cô vẫn đi con đường chọn bấy lâu nay.

              Blogger Mẹ Nấm- Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh là một tiếng nói đấu tranh mạnh mẽ cho quyền con người tại Việt Nam. Cô là một trong những người thành lập Mạng lưới Blogger Việt Nam.

              Nhóm xã hội dân sự độc lập này kêu gọi cộng đồng cùng lên tiếng về những vấn nạn tại Việt Nam như tình trạng công dân chết bất minh tại đồn công an; tình trạng ô nhiễm môi trường, đặc biệt là vụ nhà máy Formosa thải hóa chất độc hại ra biển khiến cá chết hằng loạt dọc theo 4 tỉnh bắc miền Trung…

              Vào năm 2015, blogger Mẹ Nấm Nguyễn Ngọc Như Quỳnh được trao giải thưởng Người Bảo vệ Quyền Công dân (Civil Rights Defender) và năm nay cô là 1 trong 13 phụ nữ trên toàn thế giới được Bộ Ngoại giao Hoa Kỳ vinh danh với giải thưởng Phụ Nữ Can đảm Quốc tế.

              Trong cả hai đợt, cô đều không thể đi nhận giải.

              Báo chí nhà nước Việt Nam đưa tin về phiên tòa trích dẫn cáo trạng của Viện kiểm sát nhân dân nói rằng blogger Mẹ Nấm đã sử dụng facebook cá nhân để chia sẻ những nội dung sai sự thật, tuyên truyền đả kích nói xấu đường lối của đảng cộng sản và nhà nước Việt Nam.

              Cáo trạng cũng có đề cập đến tập tài liệu bà Quỳnh thu thập về 31 trường hợp người dân chết trong đồn công an, và cho rằng tập tài liệu này có mục đích làm người dân hiểu sai bản chất vấn đề và hạ uy tín lực lượng công an nhân dân.

              Tại Hà Nội, người phát ngôn Bộ ngoại giao Việt Nam Lê Thị Thu Hằng nói rằng phiên tòa diễn ra công khai theo đúng pháp luật Việt Nam.

              Tuy nhiên theo thông tin của nhiều người có mặt tại thành phố Nha Trang thì người ta không được tự do vào tham dự phiên tòa, với an ninh được siết chặt xung quanh khu vực tòa án.

              Nguồn: Theo RFA

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                      Paul Craig Roberts 271   

            Deception Inside Deception: The Alleged Sarin Gas Attack

            Deception Inside Deception: The Alleged Sarin Gas Attack
            Paul Craig Roberts
            Seymour Hersh, America’s most famous investigative reporter, has become persona non grata in the American Propaganda Ministry that poses as a news media but only serves to protect the US government’s war lies. Among his many triumphs Hersh exposed the American My Lai massacre in Vietnam and the Abu Ghraib torture prison run by the Americans in Iraq. Today his investigative reports have to be published in the London Review of Books or in the German Media. 
            From Hersh’s latest investigative report, we learn that President Trump makes war decisions by watching staged propaganda on TV. The White Helmets, a propaganda organization for jihadists and the “Syrian opposition,” found a gullible reception from the Western media for photographs and videos of alleged victims of a Syrian Army sarin gas attack on civilians in Khan Sheikhoun. Trump saw the photos on TV and despite being assured by US intelligence that there was no Syrian sarin gas attack, ordered the US military to strike a Syrian base with Tomahawk missiles. Under international law this strike was a war crime, and it was the first direct aggression against Syria by the US which previously committed aggression via proxies called “the Syrian opposition.”
            Reporting on his sources, Hersh writes: “In a series of interviews, I learned of the total disconnect between the president and many of his military advisers and intelligence officials, as well as officers on the ground in the region who had an entirely different understanding of the nature of Syria’s attack on Khan Sheikhoun. I was provided with evidence of that disconnect, in the form of transcripts of real-time communications, immediately following the Syrian attack on April 4.”
            The belief that sarin gas was involved in the attack comes from what appears to be a gas cloud. Hersh was informed by US military experts that sarin is oderless and invisible and makes no cloud. What appears to have happened is that the explosion from the air attack on ISIS caused a series of secondary explosions that produced a toxic cloud formed by fertilizers and chlorine disinfectants that were stored in the building that was hit.
            US officials spoke with Hersh, because they are distrubed that President Trump based a war decision on TV propaganda and refused to listen to the detailed counter-assessments of his intelligence and military services. A national security source told Hersh: “Everyone close to him knows his proclivity for acting precipitously when he does not know the facts. He doesn’t read anything and has no real historical knowledge. He wants verbal briefings and photographs. He’s a risk-taker. He can accept the consequences of a bad decision in the business world; he will just lose money. But in our world, lives will be lost and there will be long-term damage to our national security if he guesses wrong. He was told we did not have evidence of Syrian involvement and yet Trump says: ‘Do it.”’
            Concerns about Trump’s purely emotional reaction to TV propaganda persist. Hersh reports that a senior national security adviser told him: “The Salafists and jihadists got everything they wanted out of their hyped-up Syrian nerve gas ploy” (the flare up of tensions between Syria, Russia and America). The issue is, what if there’s another false flag sarin attack credited to hated Syria? Trump has upped the ante and painted himself into a corner with his decision to bomb. And do not think these guys are not planning the next faked attack. Trump will have no choice but to bomb again, and harder. He’s incapable of saying he made a mistake.”
            As we know, the White House has already released a statement predicting that Assad is preparing another chemical attack, for which, the White House promises, he will “pay a heavy price.” Clearly, a false flag attack is on the way. https://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/06/30/washington-new-threat-against-syria-russia-iran-invitation-false-flag-operation.html 
            By all means, read Hersh’s report: https://www.welt.de/politik/ausland/article165905578/Trump-s-Red-Line.html It reveals a president who makes precipitious decisions likely to cause a war with Russia. 
            I do not doubt Sy Hersh’s integrity. I accept that he has accurately reported what he was told by US officials. My suspicions about this story do not have to do with Hersh. They have to do with what Hersh was told.
            Hersh’s report puts Trump in a very bad light, and it puts the military/security complex, which we know has been trying to destroy Trump, in a very good light. Moreover, the story strikes me as inconsistent with the subsequent attack on the Syrian fighter-bomber by the US military. If the Tomahawk attack on the Syrian base was unjustified, what justified downing a Syrian war plane? Did Trump order this attack as well? If not, who did? Why? 
            If national security advisers gave Trump such excellent information about the alleged sarin gas attack, completely disproving any such attack, why was he given such bad advice about shooting down a Syrian war plane, or was it done outside of channels? The effect of the shootdown is to raise the chance of a confrontation with Russia, because Russia’s response apparently has been to declare a no-fly zone over the area of Russian and Syrian operations. 
            How do we know that what Hersh was told was true? What if Trump was encouraged to order the Tomahawk strike as a way of interjecting the US directly into the conflict? Both the US and Israel have powerful reasons for wanting to overthrow Assad. However, ISIS, sent to do the job, has been defeated by Russia and Syria. Unless Washington can somehow get directly involved, the war is over. 
            The story Hersh was given also serves to damn Trump while absolving the intelligence services. Trump takes the hit for injecting the US directly into the conflict.
            Hersh’s story reads well, but it easily could be a false story planted on him. I am not saying that the story is false, but unless we learn more, it could be.
            What we do know is that the story given to Hersh by national security officials is inconsistent with the June 26 White House announcement that the US has “identified potential preparations for another chemical attack by the Assad regime.” The White House does not have the capability to conduct its own foreign intelligence gathering. The White House is informed by the national security and intelligence agencies. 
            In the story given to Hersh, these officials are emphatic that not only were chemical weapons removed from Syria, but also that Assad would not use them or be permitted by the Russians to use them even if he had them. Moreover, Hersh reports that he was told that Russia fully informed the US of the Syrian attack on ISIS in advance. The weapon was a guided bomb that Russia had suppied to Syria. Therefore, it could not have been a chemical weapon.
            As US national security officials made it clear to Hersh that they do not believe Syria did or would use any chemical weapons, what is the source for the White House’s announcement that preparations for another chemical attack by the Assad regime have been identified? 
            Who lined up UN ambassador Nikki Haley and the UK Defence Minister Michael Fallon to be ready with statements in support of the White House announcement? Haley says: “Any further attacks done to the people of Syria will be blamed on Assad, but also on Russia & Iran who support him killing his own people.” Fallon says: “we will support” future US action in response to the use of chemical weapons in Syria. 
            How clear does an orchestration have to be before people are capable of recognizing the orchestration? 
            The intelligence agencies put out the story via Hersh that there were no chemical attacks, so what attacks is Niki Haley speaking about?
            A reasonable conclusion is that Washington’s plan to use ISIS to overthrow Syria and then start on Iran was derailed by Russian and Syrian military success against ISIS. The US then tried to partition Syria by occupying part of it, but were out-manuevered by the Russians and Syrians. This left direct US involvement as the only alternative to defeat. This direct US military involvement began with the US attack on the Syrian military base and was followed by shooting down a Syrian war plane. The next stage will be a US-staged false flag chemical attack or alleged chemical attack, and this false flag, as has already been announced, will be the excuse for larger scale US military action against Syria, which, unless the Russians abandon Syria, means conflict with Russia, Iran, and perhaps China.
            http://russia-insider.com/en/politics/us-military-put-alert-washington-waiting-excuse-attack-syria-russian-senator/ri20238 
            http://www.fort-russ.com/2017/06/new-wave-of-anti-syrian-provocations.html
            http://www.paulcraigroberts.org/2017/06/30/deception-inside-deception-alleged-sarin-gas-attack/

                      NATO, a monstrous institution    
            NATO, a monstrous institution 

            By Karel van Wolferen (June 3 2017)

            Their anxiety about the future of NATO, recently on full display again when the American president was in Europe, could not be bettered as a measure of the incapacity of Europe’s top politicians to guide their continent and represent its populations. Through its provocations of Moscow, NATO systematically helps increase the risk of a military confrontation. By thus sabotaging its declared purpose of serving collective security for the countries on either side of the Atlantic, it erases its fundamental reason for being and right to exist.

            Grasping these facts ought be enough to fuel moves aimed at quickly doing away with NATO. But it is terrible for more and easily overlooked reasons.

            NATO’s survival prevents the political entity that is the European Union from becoming a significant global presence for reasons other than its economic weight. If you cannot have a defence policy of your own you also deprive yourself of a foreign policy. Without a substantive foreign policy, Europe does not show anything that anyone might consider ‘a face’ to the world. Without such a face to the outside, the inside cannot come to terms about what it stands for, and substitutes meaningless platitudes for answers to the question as to why it should exist in the first place.

            NATO is an example of an institution that has gotten completely out of hand through European complacency, intellectual laziness, and business opportunism. As a security alliance it requires a threat. When the one that was believed to exist during the Cold War disappeared, a new one had to be found. Forged for defence against what was once believed to be an existential threat, it only began actually deploying its military might after that threat had disappeared, for its illegal war against Serbia. Once it had jumped that hurdle, it was encouraged to continue jumping toward imagined global threats. Its history since the demise of its original adversary has been deplorable, as its European member states were made party to war crimes resulting from actions at Washington’s behest for objectives that have made a dead letter of international law. It has turned some European governments into liars when they told their populations that sending troops to Afghanistan was for the purpose of assorted humanitarian purposes like reconstructing that country, rather than fighting a war against Taleban forces intent on reclaiming their country from American occupation. Afghanistan did not, as was predicted at the time, turn into the graveyard for NATO to come to rest, next to the British Empire, the Soviet Union and – farther back – Alexander the Great. Having survived Afghanistan, NATO continued to play a significant role in the destruction of Gaddafi's Libya, and in the destruction of parts of Syria through covertly organising, financing, and arming Isis forces for the purpose of overthrowing the Assad government. And it continues to serve as a cover for the war making elements in Britain and France. America’s coup in the Ukraine in 2014, which resulted in a crisis in relations with Russia, gave NATO a new lease on life as it helped create entirely uncalled for hysterical fear of Russia in Poland and the Baltic states. NATO repudiates things that we are said to hold dear. It is an agent of corruption of thought and action in both the United States and Europe. Through propaganda that distorts the reality of the situation in the areas where it operates, and perennial deceit about its true objectives, NATO has substituted a now widely shared false picture of geopolitical events and developments for one that, even if haphazard, used to be pieced together by independent reporters for mainstream media whose own tradition and editors encouraged discovery of facts. This propaganda relies to a large extent on incessant repetition for its success. It can generally not be traced to NATO as a source of origin because it is being outsourced to a well-funded network of public relations professionals.

            The Atlantic Council is NATO's primary PR organization. It is connected with a web of think tanks and NGO’s spread throughout Europe, and very generous to journalists who must cope with a shrinking and insecure job environment. This entity is well-versed in Orwellian language tricks, and for obvious reasons must mischaracterise NATO itself as an alliance instead of a system of vassalage. Alliance presupposes shared purposes, and it cannot be Europe's purpose to be controlled by the United States, unless we now accept that a treasonous European financial elite must determine the last word on Europe's future.

            An influential policy deliberation NGO known as the International Crisis Group (ICG), is one of the organizations linked with the Atlantic Council. It operates as a serious and studious outfit, carrying an impressive list of relatively well-known names of associates, which studies areas of the world harbouring conflicts or about-to-be conflicts that could undermine world peace and stability. Sometimes this group does offer information that is germane to a situation, but its purpose has in effect become one of making the mainstream media audience view the situation on the ground in Syria, or the ins and outs of North Korea, or the alleged dictatorship in Venezuela, and so on, through the eyeballs of the consensus creators in American foreign policy.

            NATO repudiates political civilisation. It is disastrous for European intellectual life as it condemns European politicians and the thinking segment of the populations in its member states to be locked up in what may be described as political kindergarten, where reality is taught in terms of the manichean division between bad guys and superheroes. While Europe’s scholars, columnists, TV programmers and sophisticated business commentators rarely pay attention to NATO as an organization, and are generally oblivious to its propaganda function, what it produces condemns them to pay lip service to the silliest geopolitical fantasies.

            NATO is not only terrible for Europe, it is very bad for the United States and the world in general, for it has handed to America's elites important tools aiding its delusional aim of fully dominating the planet. This is because NATO provides the most solid external support for sets of assumptions that allegedly lend a crucial moral dimension to America's warmaking. NATO does not exist for the sake of indispensable European military prowess, which mildly described has not been impressive. It exists as legal justification for Washington to keep nuclear weapons and military bases in Europe. It obviously also exists as support for America’s military- industrial complex. But its moral support ought to be considered its most significant contribution. Without NATO, the conceptual structure of a 'West' with shared principles and aims would collapse. NATO was once the organisation believed to ensure the continued viability of the Western part what used to be known as the 'free world'. Such connotations linger, and lend themselves to political exploitation. The 'free world' has since the demise of the Soviet Union not been much invoked. But 'the West' is still going strong, along with the notion of Western values and shared principles, with ‘the good’ in the form of benevolent motives automatically assumed to be on its side. This gives the powers that be in Washington a terrific claim in the realm of widely imagined moral aspects of geopolitical reality. They have inherited the mantle of the leader of the 'free world' and 'the West', and since there has not been a peep of dissension about this from the other side of the Atlantic, the claim appears true and legitimate in the eyes of the world and the parties concerned.

            In the meantime the earlier American claim to speak and act on behalf of the free world was broadened and seemingly depoliticised by a substitute claim of speaking and acting on behalf of the ‘international community’. There is of course no such thing, but that doesn't bother editors who keep invoking it when some countries or the bad guys running them do things that are not to Washington's liking. Doing away with NATO would pull the rug from under the ‘international community’. Such a development would then reveal the United States, with its current political system and priorities in international affairs, as a criminal power and the major threat to peace in the world. I can hear an objection that without this resonation of moral claims the activities serving the ‘full spectrum dominance’ aim would have been carried out anyway. If you think so, and if you can stand reading again what the neocons were producing between 9/11 and the invasion of Iraqi in 2003, subtract all references to moral clarity and the necessity for the United States to serve as moral beacon for the world from that literature, and you will see that preciously little argument remains for American warmaking that ensued.

            The spinelessness of the average European politician has added up to huge encouragement of the United States in its post-Cold War military adventurism. With forceful reminders from Europe about what those much vaunted supposedly shared political principles actually stood for, American rhetoric could not have been the same. Strong European condemnation of the shredding of the UN Charter, and the jettisoning of the principles adopted at the Nuremberg trials, would have made it much more difficult for George W Bush, Dick Cheney, and the neocons to go where blind fanaticism and hubris, with imagined economic advantage, took them. Perhaps more importantly, it might have given a relatively weak American protest movement the necessary added energy to rise to the level of effectiveness once attained by the

            anti-Vietnam activists as they imprinted themselves on the political culture of the 60s and 70s. European dissent might not have halted but could have slowed the transformation of much of the mainstream media into neocon propaganda assets.

            As it is, NATO exists today in a realm of discourse in which revered post-World War II liberal conditions and practices are still believed to exist. It is an apolitical and ahistorical realm determined by hubris and misplaced self-confidence, in which powers that have utterly altered these practices and negated its positive aspects are not acknowledged. It is a realm in which America's pathological condition of requiring an enemy as a source of everlasting profit is not acknowledged. It is a realm in which America's fatuous designs for complete control over the world is not acknowledged. It is a realm of foreign policy illusions.

            NATO is supposed to guard putative Western values that in punditry observations have something to do with what the Enlightenment has bestowed on Western culture. But it deludes staunch NATO supporters, who cannot bring themselves to contemplate the possibility that what they have long trusted to be an agent of protection, has in fact become a major force that destroys those very qualities and principles.

            There is a further more tangible political/legal reason why NATO is monstrous. It is steered by nonelected powers in Washington, but is not answerable to identifiable entities within the American military system. It is not answerable to any of the governing institutions of the European Union. Its centre in Brussels exists effectively outside the law. Its relations with ‘intelligence agencies’ and their secret operations remain opaque. Who is doing what and where are all questions to which no clear, legally actionable, information is made available.

            NATO has thereby become a tool of intimidation lacking any compatibility with democratic political organisation. An autocrat aspiring to unfettered rule with which to operate anywhere in the world would find in NATO the ideal institutional arrangements. All this should be of our utmost concern. Because all this means that NATO is now one of the world’s most horrible organizations that at the same time has become so politically elusive, apparently, that there is no European agent with enough of a grip on it to make it disappear. 



                      Sy Hersh, Exposer of My Lai and Abu Ghraib, Strikes Again   

            Sy Hersh, Exposer of My Lai and Abu Ghraib, Strikes Again, Exposing US Lies About Alleged Assad Sarin ‘Attack’

            Photo by -JvL- | CC BY 2.0
            Pulitzer Prize-winning investigative reporter Seymour Hersh, the journalist who exposed the My Lai massacre of Vietnamese women, children and old people by US troops, the Abu Ghraib prison torture scandal in Iraq, and many other critically important stories, has now obliterated the US government’s (and the US media’s) claim that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s military killed nearly 100 people with a Sarin nerve gas bombing in April, an incident which prompted President Trump to order a Tomahawk cruise missile attack on a Syrian Air Force base.
            Hersh’s My Lai expose was initially published by the Dispatch News Service, and was eventually run by 33 US newspapers, including the Los Angeles Times and the New York Times (which employed him in its Washington bureau during the Watergate Scandal era, from 1972-75). His later Abu Ghraib expose ran in the New Yorker magazine, as did several other important investigative pieces about the origins of the Iraq war, and about a US covert bombing campaign in Iran.
            But this latest piece, arguably his potentially most explosive — because it shows a President Trump risking triggering a World War III with Russia based upon his own rash decision, over the objections and to the dismay of his own military and intelligence advisers — couldn’t find a mainstream publisher in the US or the UK. Instead, he had to run it in a German newspaper, Die Welt.
            Fortunately, Die Welt, one of Germany’s major daily newspapers, realized the importance of what Hersh was exposing, and has made the article, as well as a side-bar transcript of a conversation between an American soldier and an intelligence service person in Syria, available online — in English. Here they are:
            I won’t go into all the details. Everyone should read these two pieces for themselves. Suffice to say that Hersh, who has excellent sources in the military and in various US intelligence organizations, has documented how the Trump administration lied about the deaths in an ISIS-held town called Khan Sheikhoun that the Syrian Air Force bombed last April, claiming Syria had used a sarin nerve-gas bomb when in fact the US military knew all about the attack beforehand and that the weapon had been a Russian-provided smart bomb, which was used to target an ISIS leadership meeting underway in the targeted building. (The Russians had contacted the US about the bombing earlier, to make sure no CIA personnel would be in the building at the time.)
            Unfortunately, unbeknownst to the Russians and Syrians, the ISIS-held building they hit had stores of Chlorine in its basement — a poison gas itself — as well as stocks of fertilizer and herbicides which, when burned, release Sarin-like neurotoxins. It was these which killed the victims. (Witnesses had reported a cloud of gas, and as Hersh points out, sarin is invisible and does not explode. It is simply released by the bomb, to do its killing unseen.)
            Over the objections and concerns expressed by his top military advisors, reportedly including “Mad Dog” Mattis, Trump insisted on bombing the Syrian airfield used to launch the attack flight. Fortunately in that case, Trump’s advisors prevailed in getting him to settle for a symbolic attack, first warning the Russians, and inevitably the Syrians too, to clear out their jets and personnel from the target to avoid any serious harm from the 59 Tomahawk missiles launched for the US attack.
            Hersh’s Die Welt article comes out just as Trump is now again making up, or is believing, a “fake news” story that Assad is “planning another Sarin gas attack” from the same Shayrat Air Base that the US bombed earlier, with Trump vowing to retaliate more seriously this time if Assad goes ahead with another gas attack. Again, the military and the intelligence community are both saying they see no evidence of planning for a gas attack, and in any case they believe that Assad’s poison gas weapons were all eliminated in the 2013 agreement, as monitored and certified later by UN inspectors.
            What’s disturbing is that the US media, which credulously reported both the first alleged Assad Sarin … or was it chlorine gas? … attack in 2013, later shown to have been the work of ISIS (and which continue to call it an Assad crime), and that now call the April incident too a Sarin gas attack by Assad, are almost universally supporting Trump’s claim that Assad is planning another (sic) Sarin gas attack — even NPR!
            Obviously Trump’s threat to retaliate is an invitation for ISIS to manufacture another “gas attack,” in order to induce Trump to attack Assad.
            And if the US media are so credulous already, who’s going to stop this insanity from continuing until it spins out of control and a US attack ends up killing Russian soldiers, downing a Russian plane or leading the Russians to down a US plane, at any of which which several points we’re on the cusp of a third and final world war?
            Read Hersh’s article and spread the word. And demand that your local paper write about Hersh’s latest expose.
            What kind of journalism is it when a paper like the Times or the Washington Post can report on Trump making such an assertion, and basing it on a claim that the April bombing was a Sarin gas attack, can simply ignore the counter claim by a journalist of Hersh’s caliber — especially when he is a former Times reporter!
            More articles by:
            Dave Lindorff is a founding member of ThisCantBeHappening!, an online newspaper collective, and is a contributor to Hopeless: Barack Obama and the Politics of Illusion (AK Press).

                      How the US Came to Take an Active Role in War and Torture in Latin America   

            Proxy War and Surrogate Terror: How the US Came to Take an Active Role in War and Torture in Latin America

            Thursday, June 29, 2017 By John W. Dower, Haymarket Books | Book Excerpt 
            Soldiers conduct a static line jump in the Colombian National Training Center on Fort Tolemaida, August 31, 2011. (Photo: The US Army)Soldiers conduct a static line jump in the Colombian National Training Center on Fort Tolemaida, August 31, 2011. (Photo: The US Army)
            Although US involvement in torture focused on the Iraq War in the last decade, the United States has had a long involvement by proxy with torture and the killing of peasants and Indigenous peoples in Latin America. In this excerpt from his book, Dower describes the US role in facilitating death and destruction in Latin and South America over the past few decades.
            The long and generally shameful history of US overt and covert interventions in South and Central America traces back to the turn of the twentieth century. Before World War II, these incursions, commonly in defense of US business interests, even involved protracted military occupations of Nicaragua (1912-33) and Haiti (1915-34). During the Cold War, intervention was more covert, but just as unrelenting. John Coatsworth, a distinguished scholar of Latin American economic and international history, calculates that between 1948 and 1990 the US government "secured the overthrow of at least twenty-four governments in Latin America, four by direct use of US military forces, three by means of CIA-managed revolts or assassinations, and seventeen by encouraging local military and political forces to intervene without direct US participation, usually through military coups d'état."
            Notorious among these postwar intrusions was the overthrow of democratically elected governments in Guatemala (1954), Brazil (1964), and Chile (1973). Nothing, however, obsessed North Americans looking south more than the political event Washington was unable to manipulate: the Cuban revolution that deposed the dictator Fulgencio Batista in the opening days of 1959. This Marxist revolution in the Caribbean was compounded by the alarming nuclear missile crisis of 1962, when the United States discovered Soviet missiles being installed in Cuba. From then on, planners in Washington and their right-wing allies throughout Latin America used the rationale of "preventing another Cuba" to justify clamping down on dissident domestic movements across the board, from militant Marxist agitators to socialists and liberals to anyone critical of the status quo or engaged in working to alleviate misery among the rural and urban poor.
            A mid-1960s US congressional investigation reported having "found concrete evidence of at least eight plots involving the CIA to assassinate [Cuban leader] Fidel Castro from 1960 to 1965." This was grist for cloak-and-dagger media reports. More difficult to grasp, or even see, was the sustained manner in which police states south of the border secretly coordinated their crackdowns on critics of all stripes, invariably in the name of anticommunism and invariably with the support of the United States.
            A decisive step in this support took place in 1963, when the administration of President John F. Kennedy tasked the army's School of the Americas (SOA), established in 1946 and initially located in Panama under a different name, with training South and Central American military officers and police in counterintelligence and counterinsurgency. The SOA's classes were conducted mostly in Spanish. By the end of the century, the school had trained around fifty-five thousand officers plus roughly four thousand police and civilians from some twenty-two or twenty-three countries. A striking number of its graduates were to become prominent leaders in the "dirty wars" that would ravage Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Peru, El Salvador, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama, and Nicaragua. Along the way, the SOA acquired such derisive sobriquets as School of Assassins, School of Dictators, School of Coups.
            Taking sides in dirty wars was typical of the proxy conflicts that engaged the United States and Soviet Union worldwide and shredded the so-called Long Peace of the Cold War. In Latin America, this mostly involved the United States extending funding, training, organizational and operational advice, weapons, logistical intelligence, and the like to authoritarian regimes engaged in "counter-subversive" activities, as well as to right-wing movements dedicated to subverting reformist and left-wing governments. Washington thus found itself supporting state terror on the one hand and violence and terror against the state on the other.
            The top-secret South American transnational campaign of state-sponsored terror known as Operation Condor was a beneficiary of covert US support of the former sort. Dating from the late 1960s and formally consolidated in 1975, Condor involved collaborative cross-border intelligence, apprehension, abduction, rendition, interrogation, torture, assassination, and extrajudiciary execution operations among dictatorial regimes in the "Southern Cone" nations of Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia, later joined by Ecuador and Peru. Upwards of fifty thousand to sixty thousand individuals appear to have been killed or "disappeared" in Condor-directed actions in the 1970s and 1980s, with countless thousands imprisoned and, in many cases, tortured. More than a few victims were exiles who had fled their native countries and were engaging in human rights campaigns as refugees.
            The targets of this collaborative state terror extended beyond armed militants and avowed Marxists to include anyone associated with criticizing the existing right-wing regimes or advocating social justice. This was spelled out not just in the back rooms of ruling juntas, but also in training provided by the CIA and SOA. We have a clearer picture of this tutelage from instructional materials disclosed over the course of the 1980s and 1990s that became collectively identified in the media as "torture manuals." In these dense manuals, many of them translated into Spanish, "insurgent" and "guerrilla" were the words commonly used to stigmatize critics or dissidents. Terrorism and the Urban Guerrilla, a teaching guide introduced to SOA classes in Spanish in 1987, expresses this succinctly: "Examples of hostile organizations or groups are paramilitary groups, labor unions, and dissident groups." Another SOA manual, Handling of Sources, is even more expansive: "The CI [counterintelligence] agent should consider all organizations as possible guerrilla sympathizers. ... By infiltrating informants in the diverse youth, workers, political, business, social and charitable organizations, we can identify the organizations that include guerrillas among their members." Elsewhere in the instructional guides the identification of explicit targets is extended to refugees, political parties, peasant organizations, intellectuals, teachers and students, universities, priests and nuns, and so on. One appalling quotation translated from a torture manual identifies target groups as "religious workers, labor organizers, student groups, and others in sympathy with the cause of the poor."
            Upon assuming power in 1981, the Reagan administration stepped into this violent world with unrestrained ardor and callous indifference to actual conditions on the ground. Despite much evidence to the contrary, the enemy was reaffirmed to be monolithic communism, directed from Moscow and spearheaded by its Cuban apprentice. As 1980s policymakers saw it, the threat was especially dire in Central America. Guatemala, where brutal repression had taken place ever since the CIA coup in 1954, was subjected to continued special attention. El Salvador and Nicaragua also became targets of fervent counterinsurgency -- and insurgency -- campaigns. In El Salvador, the "anticommunist" agenda involved supporting a dictatorial regime against any and all opponents. In Nicaragua, the situation was reversed. There, the Reagan administration devoted almost evangelical energy to nurturing and supporting the Contras, a terrorist "guerrilla" campaign against the left-wing Sandinista government that in 1979, with considerable popular support, had overthrown the brutal, US-supported Somoza family dictatorship that dated back to 1936.
            Disclosure of classified texts and other disturbing information pertinent to covert US activity in Central America took place sporadically but frequently between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s. Much of this focused on the sensational (and farcical) Reagan-era "Iran-Contra" scandal that broke open in 1986 and involved a convoluted plot to obtain funds for the right-wing insurgents in Nicaragua by using Israel as an intermediary to sell weapons to fundamentalist and anti-American Iran for use in its war with Iraq (to which the United States was also providing support). The less remembered CIA and SOA written materials that surfaced during these years existed at a low level in the hierarchy of covert activity and were not policy documents, but for good reason they also caused a stir. They provide a glimpse into the mindset behind anticommunist covert activities, and a graphic case study of what "exporting Americanism" in this last decade of the Cold War involved at ground level.
            The first significant instructional manual to come to public attention was a guide in Spanish prepared by the CIA for the Contras. Titled Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare in the original English draft, this eighty-nine-page text was greeted with shock in the United States when exposed by journalists in 1984. After introducing it as "a primer on insurgency, a how-to book in the struggle for hearts and minds," for example, Time magazine went on to observe: "Some of the 'techniques of persuasion' are benign: helping the peasants harvest crops, learn to read, improve hygiene. Others are decidedly brutal: assassination, kidnaping, blackmail, mob violence. It could be a manual for the Viet Cong or the Cuban-backed rebels in El Salvador. If it were, the Administration would likely be waving it as proof of the thesis about the sources of insidious world terrorism."
            Complementing Psychological Operations and also exposed in 1984 was another CIA Spanish-language project: a cartoon booklet airdropped into Nicaragua. Titled (in the English translation) The Freedom Fighter's Manual, this was as crude and pedestrian as Psychological Operations was vicious, but still disturbing in its own way as an exercise in low-level terrorist activity. It instructed citizens in scores of acts of vandalism (cutting cables, sabotaging machinery, putting dirt or water in gasoline tanks, setting fires, freeing farm animals, and so on) that might help bring the left-wing Sandinista government to its knees.
            The torture manuals, which came to belated public attention in the 1990s, consisted of seven Spanish-language SOA texts, totaling 1,169 pages. These were distributed to military officers in eleven South and Central American countries between 1987 and 1991 and also used by instructors in School of the Americas classes. The manuals reflected teaching materials used since 1982, when the Reagan administration dismissed the human rights concerns tentatively initiated during the Carter presidency. These SOA resources were complemented by two CIA "counterintelligence" manuals -- one recycled from 1963, and one dated 1983 that essentially replicated this.

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            While the torture manuals open a small window onto Washington's pervasive disregard for democracy, human rights, and the rule of law when it came to covert activities, they also cast light in other directions. One is the care taken to ensure a measure of plausible deniability about what was really being promoted. Rhetorically, this was done with euphemisms and genuflections to propriety: death squads were referred to as "Freedom Commandos" and "Freedom Fighters," for example, and slogans like fighting for "God, Homeland, and Democracy" were promoted. Procedurally, a measure of plausible deniability was obtained by directing CIA and SOA activity largely to pedagogy rather than actual hands-on violence -- without calling attention to the fact that this involved teaching right-wing military, paramilitary, and police forces how to most efficiently engage in infiltration, interrogation, torture, terror, and "neutralization" of perceived enemies.
            Once these various manuals became public, Washington's predictable machinery of "public diplomacy" went into motion. The SOA teaching guides were declared "inconsistent with U.S. policy." The school's course offerings also were said to include respect for human rights. "Objectionable and questionable" passages amounted to no more than two dozen -- and in any case were nothing more than a "mistake" made by some misguided junior officer working from "outdated intelligence materials." Problematic statements had "escaped oversight." "A few bad apples" were involved in promoting, or practicing, torture. And in any case, excesses had been "corrected."
            This was, as all spin is, disingenuous. The manuals were indeed wordy -- they are numbing to read -- but what SOA teachers emphasized and their students found most engaging was precisely what caused these materials to be called torture manuals. This was confirmed by Major Joseph Blair, a covert operative who (like remorseful members of the nuclear priesthood and repentant tell-all CIA agents) ultimately came in from the cold. Blair had held a responsible position administering the CIA-led Phoenix assassination program during the Vietnam War, and in the early 1980s had moved on to the SOA, where he assisted the creator of the controversial manuals in the classroom. Interviewed in 1997, after having retired in 1989, he described "primarily using manuals which we used during the Vietnam War in our intelligence-gathering techniques. The techniques included murder, assassination, torture, extortion, false imprisonment."
            Turning to the argument that objectionable passages were but a minuscule part of the 1,100