En medio de crisis, artistas venezolanos retoman discurso de Cantinflas   
Por: Juan Carlos Martínez Samaguey/@MrtinezSmaguey Venezuela (MiMorelia.com).- En medio la crisis que envuelve a Venezuela, actores de este país usaron recientemente un fragmento de una de las cintas de Mario Moreno “Cantinflas” como reflexión sobre el papel de una autoridad. Al Helicoide trasladados los estudiantes detenidos esta tarde en El Rosal. pic.twitter.com/etpsCCzL6M — RCTV.net (@RCTVenlinea) June 30, 2017 Fue Norkys Batista, actriz de Radio Caracas Televisión, quien en su cuenta de Instagram compartió el emotivo mensaje del cómico mexicano en la cinta “El patrullero 777”.   Naaaa pelusaaa..! No avanzamos como sociedad, estamos mal y cada vez peor..! Que PORQUERIA..! #sosvenezuela #sos #VENEZUELA #norkysbatista A post shared by Norkys Batista (@norkys_batista) on Jun 28, 2017 at 1:28pm PDT “Caen los que no debieran caer… vivimos en un mundo de desorden y de violencia, un mundo donde nadie respeta las instituciones y donde las instituciones no respetan a nadie”, se puede escuchar en el extracto. También retoman la idea de que la policía no debe convertirse en una “amenaza uniformada”, esto ante la ola de violencia en la que ataques entre civiles y autoridades ha dejado cientos de muertos en aquella república bolivariana. Le puede interesar: Venezuela será “liberada de opositores, con […]
          Ponte Preta x Sol de América AO VIVO Online - Copa Sul-Americana   

Ponte Preta x Sol de América AO VIVO 29/06/2017 


    Ponte Preta x Sol de América AO VIVO Online 29/06/2017 - Horário: 19:15h -Transmissão - Jogo na TV: SporTV - Copa Sul-Americana


Logo mais tem bola rolando, no Estádio Moisés Lucarelli, para este duelo válido pelo jogo  de ida da segunda fase da Copa Sul-Americana, o confronto com transmissão ao vivo para o Brasil somente pelo canal SporTV, está marcado para às 19:15h ( de Brasília ). Aguarde o vídeo completo dos gols ou melhores momentos.

Empenho: Apesar de jogar ao lado de sua torcida, onde não costuma perder, o técnico Gilson Kleina não quer ser surpreendido, ele pediu ao jogadores o máximo de empenho para começar com o pé direito rumo às oitavas de final, o jogo de volta está marcado para dia 26 de julho, no Paraguai.

O técnico da Macaca falou sobre o jogo:
“Queremos, de alguma forma, ter algum tipo de vantagem. Primeira situação é não tomar gol. Conversamos com os atletas, em momento algum tem que achar que não é uma equipe forte. Eles têm jogadores experientes, têm linhas defensivas próximas, marcam forte. Temos de ter o espírito da Sul-Americana”

Time quase completo: Kleina deve promover apenas duas mudanças no time que perdeu para o Palmeiras na última rodada do Brasileirão, uma delas é a entrada de Fernandinho, primeiro jogo com a camisa da Macaca.  A outra mudança será o atacante Claudinho no lugar de Lucca, que foi expulso na primeira fase e vai cumprir  suspensão.

Rádios - Ouvir Ponte Preta x Sol de América ao vivo online

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Competição: Copa das Confederações 

Confira também: 
Futebol Internacional 
Tempo Real - Classificação 
 Gols - Resultado
Globoesporte.com
Aguarde o vídeo dos gols ou melhores momentos

FICHA TÉCNICA
PONTE PRETA X SOL DE AMÉRICA-PAR

Local: Estádio Moisés Lucareli, em Campinas-SP
Data: 29 de junho de 2017, quinta-feira
Hora: 19h15, de Brasília
Árbitro: José Argote (Venezuela)
Assistentes: Não Divulgado

PONTE PRETA: Aranha, Nino Paraíba, Marllon, Rodrigo e Fernandinho; Fernando Bob, Elton e Renato Cajá; Claudinho, Lins e Emerson Sheik
Técnico: Gilson Kleina

SOL DE AMÉRICA: Agustín Silva; Aldo Olmedo, Víctor Velázquez, Víctor Hugo Mareco, Gustavo Velázquez; Tomás Rojas (Adrián Vargas), Richard Franco, Claudio Vargas, David Mendieta (Walter Araújo); Rodrigo Ruíz Díaz (Isaac Díaz), Martín Giménez
Técnico: Fernando Ortiz

tags:  Ponte Preta x Sol de América ao vivo 29/06/2017, Ponte Preta x Sol de América AO VIVO 2017,     Jogo Ponte Preta x Sol de América 29/06/2017 Copa Sul-Americana,  Sol de América x Ponte Preta ao vivo hoje 29/06/2017

          Venezuela: brutale repressione di protesta studentesca   
Ragazzi rinchiusi in un camion, poi sparano lacrimogeni
          Venezuela: La Fiscalía cita a otro alto funcionario del Gobierno por presunta violación de DD.HH.   
El Ministerio Público (MP) venezolano citó en calidad de imputado al director del Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional (Sebin), Gustavo González López. La Fiscalía publicó la citación al alto funcionario por “presuntamente cometer graves y sistemáticas violaciones a los derechos humanos”. González López, según el escrito, deberá presentarse ante el MP el próximo martes 4 de julio
          Venezuela recibe múltiples muestras de solidaridad internacional   
Venezuela recibe múltiples muestras de solidaridad internacional
Organizaciones sociales, movimientos políticos y naciones como Cuba, Bolivia, Ecuador, Nicaragua, Palestina y Turquía condenaron los ataques terroristas contra edificios gubernamentales en Caracas.

          Presidente Maduro condena ataque en Venezuela   
Presidente Maduro condena ataque en Venezuela
El presidente de Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, denunció y condenó hoy el ataque terrorista desde un helicóptero por parte de un grupo armado financiado por sectores…

          Manifestations au Venezuela: le chef du renseignement mis en cause   
Le ministère public au Venezuela a annoncé vendredi soupçonner le chef des services de renseignement de violations des droits de l'homme dans la répression des manifestations anti-Maduro, après en avoir fait de même la veille avec un autre général ...
          ONU considera preocupantes las medidas Tribunal Supremo de Venezuela contra la fiscal general   
La decisión del Tribunal Supremo de Venezuela de empezar el proceso de remoción de la fiscal general y de congelar sus activos y prohibirle la salida del país es tan preocupante como la violencia registrada recientemente en esa nación, señaló hoy la Oficina del Alto Comisionado de la ONU para los Derechos Humanos.
          6/30/2017: Nieuws: Venezuela verzinkt in chaos   

De Venezolaanse procureur-generaal Luisa Ortega mag het land niet meer uit en moet voor het hooggerechtshof verschijnen wegens haar kritiek op de plannen van president Nicolas Maduro om een grondwetgevende vergadering te laten verkiezen. Het is de...
          Naciones del continente condenan "ataque terrorista" en Venezuela   
En horas recientes Venezuela ha enfrentado tres episodios de violencia, comenzando con un extendido saqueo en Maracay, seguido por un tiroteo sobre el Tribunal Supremo de Venezuela desde un helicóptero y el enfrentamiento de legisladores de oposición con fuerzas de seguridad asignadas a proteger la Asamblea Nacional
          Eating the Globe: Syria   

I was in San Francisco for work and celebrated a productive morning with an out-of-the-way lunch. This is Palmyra.

I got the Kibbi platter, which consists of:
Four shells of mashed cracked wheat stuffed with ground beef, sauteed onions, and pine nuts served with a side of hummus, cucumber salad, pita, garlic sauce, and hot sauce.

The kibbi was/were delicious. Not greasy or heavy at all. My only complaint was that it only came with four pieces.

Countries tried so far:
Africa: Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Morocco, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa
Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, Cambodia, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Japan, Jordan, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Lebanon, Malaysia, Maldives, Mongolia, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Syria, Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam, Yemen
Europe: Albania, Belgium, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden
North America: Belize, Canada, Cuba, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Trinidad & Tobago, USA
South America: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Venezuela
Oceania: Australia, Fiji, Samoa, Tonga
          The Vicious Cyber-War Against Venezuela   
Havana. The psychological warfare being waged by the oligarchic opposition in Venezuela –following the strategic and tactical objectives of US imperialism– has strong support in a well-organized Twitter operation that promotes protests from the Miami-based DolarToday platform. This is described in a research article published by the well-known specialist Erin Gallagher. DolarToday is a US website based in More
          Planting “Regime Change” in Venezuela   
The myth of human rights playing a decisive role in the diplomacy of the United States is an important façade to be broken before touching the current political crisis in Venezuela. A noble crusade for democracy and promotion of human rights are applied by the State Department only in times when these enlightening qualities serve More
          Fiscalía de Venezuela reportó la muerte de otro joven en una protesta   
Recibió un disparo en una manifestación el 13 de junio.
          Fiscalía de Venezuela acusó al director del SEBIN por violaciones de derechos humanos   
Investigan varios casos ocurridos durante las protestas.
          Fiscal general de Venezuela pidió medidas cautelares de protección a la CIDH   
Las solicitó ante persecución del Gobierno al Ministerio Público.
          La ONU, profundamente preocupada por situación de fiscal general en Venezuela   
Instamos a todos los poderes del Estado venezolano a respetar la Constitución y el Estado de derecho, señala.
          Venezuela vive jornada de represión en calles y enfrentamiento de poderes   
La oposición pide al Gobierno de Maduro controlar el fuerte accionar de las autoridades.
          Murió otro joven durante protestas en Venezuela   
Recibió un disparo en su cabeza durante una manifestación opositora.
          Maduro pide a venezolanos ayudar a capturar al policía que atacó el Supremo   
El ministro de Interior y Justicia anunció el miércoles que Venezuela libró orden de captura contra el policía y su difusión roja internacional a través de Interpol.
          Policía de Venezuela detuvo a cerca de 30 estudiantes durante manifestaciones opositoras   
Se desconoce el paradero de los jóvenes.
          “Somos Venezuela y queremos libertad”, el video que refleja la lucha de un país   
El corto conmueve a los venezolanos y ha sido difundido a través de las redes sociales.
          EE UU busca que Europa se sume a las sanciones a Venezuela   
Washington quiere apoyarse en la relación entre Madrid y Caracas para que la UE se una a su programa
          Cuba y Venezuela: características distintas, objetivos similares   
Cuba y Venezuela: características distintas, objetivos similares 27 Junio, 2017 7:22 pm por Rogelio Travieso Pérez El Cerro, la Habana, Rogelio Travieso, (PD) El chavismo, el llamado socialismo del Siglo XXI, aún no ha podido lograr el control totalitario. De manera generalizada, cada vez más venezolanos -estudiantes, jóvenes, mujeres, hombres- rechazan la Constituyente. En el […]
           The Latest: Venezuela VP defends officials in abuse probe    
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) - The latest on Venezuela's political crisis (all times local):6:50 p.m.Venezuelan Vice President Tareck El Aissami is throwing his...
           Miner Crystallex wins court order against Nomura over Venezuela deal    
By Brian Ellsworth and Corina PonsCARACAS, June 30 (Reuters) - Canadian miner Crystallex, seeking to recoup financial damages from an expropriation by ...
           Venezuela's defiant chief prosecutor requests protection    
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) - Venezuela's chief prosecutor asked the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for protection Friday, days after the Supreme...
          Comment on Giving the finger by Then there's that   
Venezuela is home to one the largest reserves of tar sands in the world. I'm trying to figure out how it might be economically feasible for TransCanada to mine tar sands in northeast Alberta, Canada, transport those heavy tar sands via heated, pressurized pipe, 2925 miles across the United States - paying royalties to every land owner along the way and taxes to every state - all the way to Port Arthur, Texas. In Texas the toxic sludge is extracted from the pipeline to be shipped to and loaded on tankers. Tankers that will transport it another ship 2194 miles (as the crow flies) to Caracas, Venezuela, where is is again unloaded and stored as the heavy sludge awaits the expensive process of refining before it is then loaded back on to a tanker for shipment across the globe, to China. Come on, Bluejay. The gig is up. You and bynd have got to be closely related. The original brothers Darrell and Darrell, am I right?
          Comment on Giving the finger by Bluejay   
I suppose that Canadian oil can be exported to Venezuela and refined there. Turns out that socialism has nearly killed the oil production business in that country. Again, any person foolish enough to believe in the CAGW scam deserves the likes of Kleeb as their leader.
           1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest    
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) - The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in...
           U.N. urges Venezuela's Maduro to uphold rule of law    
By Stephanie NebehayGENEVA, June 30 (Reuters) - The United Nations called on Venezuela on Friday to uphold the rule of law and freedom of assembly, and...
          Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en usufructo   
Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en usufructo
Éstas significan un 31 % de la superficie agrícola del país
Viernes, junio 30, 2017 | Agencias

LA HABANA, Cuba.- El Consejo de Ministros de Cuba aprobó extender de 10
a 20 años el periodo de posesión de las tierras entregadas en usufructo
a personas naturales, que hasta septiembre pasado sumaban más de 1,9
millones de hectáreas, un 31 % de la superficie agrícola del país,
informan hoy medios oficiales cubanos.

La vigencia del usufructo será prorrogable y, como nuevo requisito, los
beneficiarios deberán trabajar y administrar de forma directa las
"tierras ociosas" entregadas por el Estado cubano, según determinó el
Consejo de Ministros en una reunión celebrada el jueves y encabezada por
Raúl Castro.

El encuentro ministerial tuvo por objeto analizar "el desempeño de la
economía cubana" en el primer semestre del año, según publican este
viernes los diarios Granma y Juventud Rebelde.
El vicepresidente Marino Murillo, exministro de Economía y actual jefe
de la Comisión Permanente para la Implementación y Desarrollo, destacó
que en la actualidad la solicitud de tierras, una medida que se puso en
práctica en 2008, es limitada.

Esto se debe, explicó, a que los terrenos aún disponibles son menos
productivos por causas como la infestación de marabú (una planta no
endémica e invasiva), la lejanía de los asentamientos poblacionales y
servicios básicos o las dificultades para acceder a las fuentes de agua.

También se ratificó "que las tierras otorgadas en usufructo son
propiedad intransferible del Estado y deben mantenerse en explotación,
evitando un mal uso del suelo y la pérdida de su productividad".

Otras novedades son que el usufructo de las tierras se cancelará si se
detecta el empleo de financiación ilícita para su explotación y que se
empezará a aplicar gradualmente el pago de impuestos previsto en la Ley
por "uso, posesión y ociosidad de la tierra".

El Consejo de Ministros aprobó además nuevas medidas que serán
divulgadas próximamente por la prensa oficial para "mejorar la
organización y el control" del trabajo por cuenta propia, ejercido en la
isla por más de medio millón de personas.

La nota de Granma menciona que se han detectado "desviaciones" en ese
sector como "la utilización de materias primas, materiales y equipos de
procedencia ilícita", incumplimientos tributarios e "imprecisiones e
insuficiencias en el control", entre otros.

El trabajo autónomo, aseguró Murillo, "confirma su validez como fuente
de empleo, al tiempo que incrementa la oferta de bienes y servicios, con
niveles aceptables de calidad".

El Gobierno cubano estudió asimismo una actualización de la política de
funcionamiento de las cooperativas en sectores no agropecuarios, otra de
las formas de gestión no estatal impulsadas en los últimos años como
parte de las reformas económicas que abandera Raúl Castro para
actualizar el modelo socialista de la isla.

La prioridad será "consolidar las 429 cooperativas ya constituidas", una
vez que ratificado que este modelo de gestión constituye "una
alternativa para liberar al Estado de la administración de actividades
económicas, productivas y de servicios que no se consideren principales".

Sin embargo, se ha comprobado que en las cooperativas privadas se dan
también "desviaciones de la idea original para las cuales fueron
creadas, así como falta de rigor y exigencia en el seguimiento, control
y fiscalización y tendencia al incremento de los precios".

Esas cooperativas se concentran en los sectores de comercio, gastronomía
y servicios técnicos y personales, construcción, transporte e industria.

El informe económico sobre el primer semestre del año aprobado por el
Consejo de Ministros de Cuba será presentado en la Asamblea Nacional del
Poder Popular (Parlamento unicameral) el próximo 14 de julio, en la
primera de las dos sesiones anuales que celebra ese organismo.

Cuba entró en recesión el año pasado al decrecer un 0,9 % su economía,
lastrada por la crisis en Venezuela, país que envía petróleo subsidiado
a la isla a la vez que compra servicios profesionales, fundamentalmente
médicos y docentes.

También afectaron al país caribeño la caída de los precios de las
materias primas en los mercados internacionales y la insuficiencia de
las inversiones extranjeras, que no alcanzan el porcentaje requerido por
el país caribeño para impulsar su economía nacional.

(EFE)

Source: Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en
usufructo CubanetCubanet -
https://www.cubanet.org/noticias/gobierno-cubano-amplia-20-anos-la-posesion-de-tierras-en-usufructo/
          Maduro participa en el encuentro Interregional Convite de Conucos Escolares en Miranda   
El presidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, realizó este viernes un recorrido por los diferentes stands que forman parte del encuentro Interregional Convite de Conucos Escolares, que se lleva a cabo en el Parque Vinicio Adames, en el estado Miranda. “Esta es una jornada de cierre de año escolar y lo vamos […]
          Ejecutivo repudia acusación del Ministerio Público contra Gustavo González López y Antonio Benavides Torres   
El vicepresidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Tareck El Aissami, repudió este viernes en nombre del Gobierno Nacional la acusación realizada por el Ministerio Público (MP) contra el director del Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional (Sebin), M/G Gustavo González López, y el jefe de gobierno del Distrito Capital y ex comandante de la Guardia […]
          Ministro Juan Arias: Inaugurada la planta productora de tapas plásticas de compresión en el estado Miranda   
El ministro del Poder Popular para Industrias Básicas, Estratégicas y Socialistas, Juan Arias, informó que este viernes se inauguró dos líneas de producción de tapas plásticas, de 28 milímetros, que cubrirá el 100% de la necesidad de este producto en Venezuela. “Estamos inaugurando aquí en Planta Yare, de la Corporación de Plásticos Coverplast, dos líneas […]
          Comando Zamora crea estructura de movilización estadal y municipal para la constituyente   
El vicepresidente de movilización y propaganda del Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela (Psuv), Darío Vivas, informó que el despliegue del Comando de Campaña Zamora 200 creará una estructura estadal y municipal para impulsar la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente. “En este encuentro venimos a configurar una tremenda estructura estadal, nacional, municipal, parroquial y de base que garantice […]
          Esther Quiaro: DDHH se han convertido en comodín de algunos sectores para justificar intervención a Venezuela   
El tema de los derechos humanos se ha convertido en una especie de comodín para algunos sectores políticos en Venezuela que lo usan con el fin de justificar una intervención extranjera al país. La apreciación la ofreció este viernes la periodista y candidata a la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente (ANC), Esther Quiaro, al programa Con Amorin, […]
          Gobierno Nacional inaugura empresa mixta Perforosven en Anzoátegui   
El Gobierno Nacional inauguró este viernes la empresa mixta Perforosven, en San Juan de Guanipa, en el estado Anzoátegui. El acto estuvo a cargo del presidente de Petróleos de Venezuela (Pdvsa), Eulogio Del Pino, quien precisó que la empresa que lidera junto a ésta nueva, trabajarán juntas para prestar servicios en la perforación de los […]
          Herido por arma de fuego efectivo de la GNB durante manifestación violenta de la oposición en Lara   
Un funcionario de la Guardia Nacional Boliviana de Venezuela fue herido la noche de este jueves con un arma de fuego cuando se encontraba dispersando una protesta de la oposición en Barquisimeto estado Lara, donde se registraron acciones violentas. La información fue aportada por el ministro del Poder Popular para Relaciones Interiores, Justicia y Paz, […]
          Plan Guayana Socialista rehabilitará escuelas técnicas industriales en Bolívar   
Con el apoyo de las empresas básicas, Petróleos de Venezuela (Pdvsa) e instituciones de gobierno vinculadas al Plan Guayana Socialista, se dará inicio en las próximas semanas a un proyecto para la rehabilitación y equipamiento de varias escuelas técnicas industriales (ETI), que atienden a más de 8.000 niños y adolescentes en el estado Bolívar. La […]
          Tania Díaz: Guerra mediática contra el país busca desmoralizar a los venezolanos   
La guerra no convencional emprendida por las corporaciones mediáticas contra las instituciones del país tiene como objetivo desmoralizar a los venezolanos, señaló la dirigente del Partido Socialista Unido de Venezuela (PSUV), Tania Díaz. Entrevistada en Venezolana de Televisión, Díaz denunció que la campaña mediática orquestada desde el exterior y en el ámbito interno busca generar […]
          La ONU considera “profundamente preocupante” la decisión contra la fiscal general de Venezuela   
Pide respetar el estado de derecho y garantizar la libertad de asamblea y de expresión.
          Venezuela lista para el Mundial de softbol masculino   
Los nativos debutan ante Japón. El equipo patrio contará con cinco lanzadores para la justa canadiense
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   

The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country.

Former New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson has been brought in by Joshua Holt's family to pry open negotiations...


          South American Marxist Mayhem: Venezuela 2014   
by Marcos Dutra   Since February the 12th, the Day of the Youth, a holiday in Venezuela, the country has been in chaos. Hundreds of thousands of students were followed in the next days by millions of peaceful protesters who demand an end to the dictatorial reign of Marxist terror, betrayal of the country to […]
          US Communists Defend Iran, Oppose ‘Islamophobia’   
New Zeal The pro-Iran/Cuba/North Korea/China/Venezuela Workers World Party, through its fronts, the International Action Center and United National Anti-war Coalition, is planning anti-War rallies across America in October. From Workers World: The United National Anti-war Coalition has called for protest actions across the country on the anniversary of the imperialist U.S. invasion of Afghanistan. At […]
          Obama Excuses Chavez While American Rots in Cuba   
Accuracy in Media Except for some innuendo in the mainstream press that the Republicans are “desperate” for an issue to use in the presidential campaign, Obama’s mind-boggling statement about Marxist Hugo Chavez of Venezuela not having “a serious national security impact” on the United States is getting little national media attention. But like the private […]
          Communist Belorussia Wants Bases in Venezuela   
New Zeal The encirclement of the US continues as neo-communist Belorussia cozies up the Cuba and Venezuela. From Cuba’s Granma: PRESIDENT Alexander Lukashenko of Belarus stated at the end of an official visit to Cuba that his stay had been a highly positive one, while emphasizing his government’s major prospects in terms of relations with […]
          Félix Martin pide libertad para Venezuela a través de su guitarra eléctrica   
Félix Martin

Félix Martin pide libertad para Venezuela a través de su guitarra eléctrica

El venezolano Félix Martin, considerado como uno de los principales exponentes de la guitarra eléctrica del mundo, hizo un alto en su agenda internacional para venir a Venezuela y participar en las actividades de protesta, asistiendo a marchas y concentraciones durante 40 días, con la finalidad de cumplir su labor ciudadana como también para inspirarse […]

Venezuela Sinfónica


          Todos por Todos: homenaje a Fredy Reyna   
Fredy Reyna

Todos por Todos: homenaje a Fredy Reyna

Gran concierto en el marco del centenario de su natalicio Prensa Cresta Metalica En homenaje al maestro Fredy Reyna (1917 – 2001), en el marco del centenario de su natalicio, se llevará a cabo un emotivo concierto el sábado 8 de Julio, a las 5:00 pm en el Centro Cultural BOD.  Artistas de la talla de Cheo […]

Venezuela Sinfónica


          Relator da ONU critica intimidação contra procuradora-geral da Venezuela   
Relator especial da ONU questionou em comunicado a recente decisão da Suprema Corte da Venezuela de congelar os ativos da procuradora-geral Luisa Ortega Díaz, e proibi-la de deixar o país. Em outra nota, o alto-comissário da ONU para os direitos humanos lembrou que a procuradora-geral tem dado importantes passos no sentido de defender direitos na Venezuela, documentando mortes ocorridas durante protestos e pedindo a imediata libertação de pessoas presas arbitrariamente.
          Fortgesetzte Proteste in Venezuela: Kundgebung gewaltsam aufgelöst   
In Venezuela gehen seit dem 1. April beinahe täglich tausende Menschen auf die Straße. Am Donnerstag hat die Polizei Dutzende Demonstranten festgenommen. mehr...
          Isla Margarita, um pequeno paraíso na Venezuela   
A famosa Isla Margarita é um dos meios mais simples e práticos para os brasileiros de conhecer o incrível mar do Caribe, a região é acessível através de...
          NECC 2008 Notes   
ISTE’s NETS•T Refreshed Roll-Out

We need real world, relevant assignments because we’ve already done well moving from the sage on the stage to the guide on the side. At this point we need to re-inspire teachers.

The new teacher standards include:
Facilitate and inspire student learning and creativity
Design and develop digital-age learning experiences and assessments
Model digital-age work and learning
Promote and model digital citizenship and responsibility
Engage in professional growth and leadership

There is a new tool available through ISTE’s website that will assist administrators in determining the level of technology integration occurring with their teachers.

Check out fact flippers: www.tammyworcester.com

Dan Edelson, Getting out of the Classroom with Technology

Volunteer Geography: A variant of citizen science. For example, students can make and share field observations and analyze and provide interpretations of that data. The concept is that students collect data by taking measurements, thy submit the data via a web form, they visualize it using interactive maps, they analyze patterns based on the data and visualization, and they may report back to others in their classes. One problem with this is that students will only be able to see small amounts of data if they are involved during the start if the project. An example of this was students testing soil samples following use of salt on icy roads. Students get to experience the full spectrum of the scientific process. In this case, students used probes and collected data in the classroom and submitted information via a website.

NGS FieldScope allows students to collect real world data. NGS chooses a region to study and invites teachers and students to participate. The teachers must purchase the equipment which costs about $1,000.

Chris Dede, Ubiquitous Computing

Goal: Repurpose common items for educational purposes (e.g., using cell phones for augmented learning).

Cheryl Lemke

We need to recognize that adolescent learning includes the home, school, peers, work, distributed resources, and communities – not just school. Our goal at this point is scalability of using technology tools for 21st century teaching, not just focusing on use in our own classrooms.

She suggests we use research-based methods to develop lessons and units that serve as “sheet music.” The teachers base their instruction on the sheet music, but also improvise.

A good teacher blog including student podcasts is “Learning on the Go.” The teacher sets up her class as a fictional consulting agency and the students solve real world algebra problems. Another teacher uses authentic travel agent activities to teach about Greek history.

SimCalc: http://www.simcalc.umassd.edu/software (teaches about perspective)

Media multi-tasking: We can only do one thing at a time, but we can quickly move from one thing to another. Kids are better at multi-tasking than adults. When learning, students are distracted when multi-tasking (except for things like music without lyrics in the background).

Universe: http://universe.daylife.com (identifies what is going on online in real time using a visual perspective)

Venezuela started teaching critical thinking to their elementary and middle school students 10 years ago. Now, they are finding increased average adult IQs across the country.

See http://www.flatworld.com

Alan November, “Designing Rigorous and Globally Connected Assignments”

This presentation is available from the “Archive of Articles” on NovemberLearning.com. This presentation is available at Digital Farm.

Students are connected to everyone in their lives – except their teachers because schools block everything. “Schools are the learning police.” There is more freedom in Chinese schools in terms of the Internet than here. We are so worried about their safety that we block their learning.

Vocabulary of the Web: Students need to learn information resources. This type of information is available on http://novemberlearning.com/blc

By adding site:en to Google searches, you will only get sites with an English country code. To get Turkey-based sites, type site:tr.

Adding view:timeline to a search, you can access the most recent information about a given search term.

Type link:http://Wikipedia.com to find out how many links exist to that particular site.

Hall Davidson, “It’s in Your Pocket: Teaching Spectacularly with Cell Phones”

http://www.myspace.com/sidekicknation (How kids use video on a daily basis)


Every classroom should have a student-designated web researcher. The teacher should never have to answer a factual question, they should only have to respond to higher-order thinking questions.

There is a Google feature that allows you to create your own search engine. November believes teachers and students should jointly build search engines. This will give students less stimuli when they do searches.

It would be nice if students could develop resources that teach content and then future students review these tutorials before class. Students, then, are responsible for learning their own content and class time is replaced with problem solving. When there’s not a lot of Internet access, students could have a DVD with all the information at home (because DVDs are more common in the home than Internet connections).

The http://jingproject.com is a downloadable application that allows you to create screencasts.

Instead of teaching teachers to use technology, November jokes that we should send two of our students to the training and one of the students should be the biggest trouble-maker in the class.

Wikipedia isn’t an encyclopedia, it’s a publishing house. Third grade students were told they would visit the Pitot House and write an article they would submit to the largest encyclopedia in the class. The students wrote and published their Wikipedia article and now they follow the RSS feed for the article and critique what other people write.

http://kiva.com: Organizes donations to small business entrepreneurs. The donors get their money back and they get reports on their projects. You can also talk to the other people who have invested in the same entrepreneurial project.


http://jott.com alters voice to text. You can call this service from your cell phone. Another option is fozme.com

http://polleverywhere.com
: Allows you to do automatic polls from cell phones (like the classroom response systems)

Terry Cavanaugh, GIS, Google Maps, and More for Literacy Projects

http://books.google.com

There are interactive maps that show all he locations mentioned in a book (e.g., The Travels of Marco Polo). [Note to self – check out the Bible.]

Gutenkarte (http://gutenkarte.org) also makes a map of a text, showing what places are most frequently mentioned. Amazon’s Concordance also does this by telling the 100 most used words in a given text.

http://editgrid.com allows you to map a story using latitude and longitude in a spreadsheet.

http://www.goglelittrips.com has 23 stories you can follow on Google Earth. You download the .kmz file and use it with Google Earth. An example is with Make Way for Ducklings. The entire story is mapped as sections are mentioned. Also, people have added pictures of items and informational text from specific locations in the book. Anyone can make a Google Lit Trip.

http://wetellstories.co.uk/stories/week1/: Tells a story using a map – the text is embedded in the map.

Teachers can get the Pro Version of Google Earth by writing to Google and requesting it. It is possible to make a map for each student so they can each map out a story.

A dimensional mouse allows you to move in three dimensions. They are available through Amazon.

Using virtual map pins, students can add quotes from book, write facts about the locations mentioned, and adding multimedia books. This is a means of having students have greater interactivity with books.

In September, cameras will have cameras with embedded geo-tags. Some buildings are going to start putting in geo-tagging points in the buildings.

Tony Vincent, Audio is Great! Video is Cool! IPods Can Do More!

Learning in Hand iPods is his iPod podcast. See http://learninginhand.com/ipods

http://spokentext.com
will speak any text into audio.

You can create cover art and lyrics (or primary source text) through going to Get Info for an individual song.

See http://NotontheTest.org

iPrep Press has comic books you can download to your iPod. BrainQuest also has quizzes for the iPod.

Ipod-notes.com allows you to combine Notes files

IPrepPress allows you to download a dictionary and many primary sources. Get 100 Words every high school students should know.

ManyBooks.com allows you to download books in the public domain.

iWriter allows you to link stories together as story

iQuizMaker allows you to make quizzes for your iPod. You can also share iQuizzes by going to iQuizShare (http://iquizshare.com/)

Use monitor mode to make your iSight camera not cause a mirroring effect.




Check out doc imaging and doc scanning on the PC.

Get book making ideas from web.mac.com/lindaoaks and check out her handouts on the NECC site

Download handouts from NECC site for Sharon Hirschy about making class books using PPT
          AEE 250: 3 Ways to Raise a Bilingual Child with Bilingual Avenue Host Marianna Du Bosq   

How do you raise a bilingual child?

Today, Lindsay chats with Marianna Du Bosq, a bilingual educator who has three ways to help you raise your child to speak more than one language!

 

The benefits of raising a bilingual child are many.  Not only will knowing more than one language open career opportunities for the child when they grow up, research is also finding significant positive cognitive advantages to having a bilingual brain.

 

Marianna believes bilingualism (and even tri-lingualism) is definitely achievable if parents are focused enough.  Here are Marianna’s three main points to focus on:

Expose your children to quality language input.  Read books, or even use audio books.  This way, your child is hearing voices other than those of their parents.

Create a need to use the language. If the child doesn’t have to use the language to get what they want, they’re naturally going to fall back on using the dominant language.  Ask your family members help by only speaking one language or the other.

Keep it fun! Children will be far more involved in the language if they are doing the kinds of things they already love to do.

 

Are you a parent interested in raising bilingual children?

Share your thoughts or experiences in the comments section below!

 

Marianna Du Bosq is a bilingual mother, former bilingual educator, and lifetime language learner.  She is the host of the Bilingual Avenue podcast and blog where she interviews parents and experts raising and teaching multilingual children, and provides an excellent collection of tips and strategies for anyone choosing this journey.

She is originally from Venezuela, has spent the last twenty years in the United States, and is currently on a one year adventure in the Black Forest in Germany with her husband and two year old daughter.

Click here to get “7 Ways to Increase Exposure in the Target Language” a free PDF guide


          Transfer window frenzy provides a buzz but it does football no good | Jonathan Wilson   
The lust for buying and selling players is all-pervasive but it favours the rich, stifles tactical experimentation and hampers youth development

Even after the exposure of familiar failings by familiar opponents at a familiar stage of the Under-21 European Championship, a rosy glow remains about English youth football. World champions at under-20 level, victors in the Toulon tournament, finalists in the European Under-17 Championship and semi‑finalists in the European Under‑21s, we have never had it so good. Call this generation golden and prepare for the bitter retrospectives when they have won nothing in a decade and the question of whether the Lewises Cook and Baker can play together in the same midfield remains frustratingly unresolved.

But enough of that: the transfer window has officially been open for three weeks, but as aficionados know it is on 1 July, after all those contracts that expire on 30 June have expired, that the wheeling and dealing really gets into full swing. And, amid the decadence of late capitalism, with recent falling viewing figures leading some to theorise that younger generations can no longer endure a full 90 minutes of actual football, it is trading far more than any naive ideal of sporting prowess that really gets social media humming.

Continue reading...
          Marshall Kent Leads Nine Players Set for Grand Casino Hotel & Resort PBA Oklahoma Open Finals   

Three-time PBA Tour titlist Marshall Kent of Yakima, Wash., averaged 227 over four rounds on different lane conditions to lead a field of nine players who advanced to this weekend’s stepladder finals of the Grand Casino Hotel & Resort PBA Oklahoma Open.

ESPN’s live coverage begins Saturday at noon CDT (1 p.m. ET) from the Grand Hotel Event Center when qualifiers five through nine will compete on two specially-installed lanes with the winner advancing to the no. 5 qualifying position who will join the tournament’s top four qualifiers for Sunday’s stepladder finals telecast which also gets underway at noon local time.

Kent compiled a 7,278 32-game pinfall total bowled on PBA’s 32-foot Wolf, 40-foot Bear, 52-foot Badger and 44-foot Oklahoma Open lane condition patterns over the four days of qualifying at the FireLake Bowling Center. He bowled games of 237, 274, 266, 257, 236, 220, 235 and 207 in Friday’s final round on the Oklahoma condition.

IMG_2060Despite starting the tournament with games of 160 and 170 in the first round on the Wolf condition Tuesday, Kent relied on his ability to adjust to quickly rebound.

“I was a little frustrated but I reminded myself it’s a marathon, not a sprint,” he said. “In a tournament like this you have to look at the big picture. I was a little frustrated but I knew I had 30 games to go.

“I think overall my versatility showed in this tournament,” the 24-year-old Kent continued. “I didn’t have a good start but it didn’t worry me.”

As top qualifier, Kent earned the right to select the lane condition pattern for both stepladder telecasts this weekend and has selected the Bear pattern. He does have the option to change the pattern selection after Saturday’s telecast for Sunday’s competition.

“I feel that the Bear pattern is the best pattern for rewarding the player who makes the best shot,” Kent said. “My gut right now is to stick with it for both days.”

Climbing from 28th after the first round and 12th after Thursday’s third round, three-time PBA Player of the Year Jason Belmonte of Australia averaged 256 in the final round to rocket to the no. 2 qualifying position and finish with a 7,208 pinfall. The two-hander will be trying for this third win of the season after winning the USBC Masters and Barbasol PBA Players Championship.

Joining Kent and Belmonte in Sunday’s finals will be no. 3 qualifier three-time Tour winner Rhino Page of Orlando who finished with a 7,191 pinfall and no. 4 qualifier 18-time Tour champion Chris Barnes of Double Oak, Texas, who finished with 7,181.

IMG_2057“I knew the pattern today would be easier than what we had been bowling on,” said Belmonte, who owns 14 career PBA Tour titles. “You still have to execute because pin carry becomes something you have to deal with. I went into this round taking it shot by shot and wasn’t going to be afraid of what was going to happen down lane.”

Players who qualified fifth through ninth bowling in Saturday’s stepladder round to determine the no. 5 qualifier for Sunday’s stepladder finals telecast will be two-time tour winner Thomas Larsen of Denmark, reigning PBA Player of the Year EJ Tackett of Huntington, Ind., Jesper Svensson of Sweden, Tom Smallwood of Saginaw, Mich., and Tom Daugherty of Riverview, Fla.

Trey Ford III, the 16-year-old PBA member from Bartlesville, Okla., fell short of making the top nine by 94 pins finishing 11th with a 6,941 pinfall (216.9 average) to record his highest PBA Tour finish.

GRAND CASINO HOTEL & RESORT PBA OKLAHOMA OPEN

FireLake Bowling Center, Shawnee, Okla., Friday

Fourth Round

(after 32 games. Positions 1-4 advance to Sunday’s stepladder finals. Positions 5-9 advance to stepladder round on Saturday that will determine no. 5 qualifier for Sunday’s finals)

1, Marshall Kent, Yakima, Wash., 7,278.
2, Jason Belmonte, Australia, 7,208.
3, Rhino Page, Orlando, Fla., 7,191.
4, Chris Barnes, Double Oak, Texas, 7,181.
5, Thomas Larsen, Denmark, 7,108.
6, EJ Tackett, Huntington, Ind., 7,101.
7, Jesper Svensson, Sweden, 7,055.
8, Tom Smallwood, Saginaw, Mich., 7,042.
9, Tom Daugherty, Riverview, Fla., 7,035.
10, Stuart Williams, England, 6,948, $4,000.
11, Trey Ford III, Bartlesville, Okla., 6,941, $3,500.
12, Dom Barrett, England, 6,923, $3,000.
13, Jason Sterner, Rockledge, Fla., 6,913, $2,900.
14, (tie) Ronnie Russell, Marion, Ind., 6,898, and Brad Angelo, Lockport, N.Y., 6,898, $2,500.
16, Tommy Jones, Simpsonville, S.C., 6,889, $2,200.
17, Wes Malott, Pflugerville, Texas, 6,883, $2,000.
18, Francois Lavoie, Canada, 6,881, $1,900.
19, AJ Johnson, Oswego, Ill., 6,873, $1,800.
20, Nick Kruml, Downers Grove, Ill., 6,869, $1,700.
21, Walter Ray Williams Jr., Oxford, Fla., 6,848, $1,700.
22, Kyle Troup, Taylorsville, N.C., 6,835, $1,500.
23, Craig Nidiffer, Trenton, Mich., 6,814, $1,450.
24, Zulmazran Zulkifli, Malaysia, 6,812, $1,400.
25, Sam Cooley, Australia, 6,805, $1,350.
26, Kyle Sherman, O'Fallon, Mo., 6,792, $1,300.
27, Martin Larsen, Sweden, 6,786, $1,250.
28, Dick Allen, Columbia, S.C., 6,771, $1,200.
29, Gary Faulkner Jr., Memphis, Tenn., 6,761, $1,150.
30, John Szczerbinski, N. Tonawanda, N.Y., 6,735, $1,100.
31, Sean Rash, Montgomery, Ill., 6,732, $1,050.
32, Amleto Monacelli, Venezuela, 6,677, $1,025.
33, Anthony Simonsen, Austin, Texas, 6,561, $1,000.


          Denmark’s Larsen Meeting Challenge of Multiple Lane Conditions To Retain Grand Casino Hotel & Resort PBA Oklahoma Open Lead   

In a tournament that puts a premium on a player’s ability to adjust to vastly different lane conditions, third-round leader Thomas Larsen of Denmark feels he’s as prepared as he can be to meet the challenges of competing in the Grand Casino Hotel & Resort PBA Oklahoma Open.

After three rounds bowled on three different PBA lane condition patterns, the two-time PBA Tour and four-time European Bowling Tour winner, leads a field of 33 players who advanced to Friday’s final round at the FireLake Bowling Center with a 5,398 24-game pinfall (224.9 average).

The players advancing to the fourth round will be put to the test on the 44-foot Oklahoma Open lane condition and will battle to be among the top nine who will advance to the live ESPN stepladder finals Saturday and Sunday at noon CDT (1 p.m. ET) at the Grand Casino Hotel Event Center in Shawnee.

Larsen bowled eight-game pinfall totals of 1,826 on the 32-foot Wolf pattern lane condition in the first round, 1,793 on the 40-foot Bear pattern in the second round and 1,779 on the 52-foot Badger pattern in Thursday’s third round with games of 223, 190, 246, 200, 244, 219, 219 and 238.

“It was another successful day today,” said the 27-year-old Larsen who led after the second round. “You never know what will happen when you’re bowling on a completely new lane condition but I was ready for the challenge.

“I used a lot of balls again today in the round,” he continued. “Just like in yesterday’s round I used several balls and had to make changes in my ball speed and hand position at the release – the changes were just different today.”

Larsen is trying for his first PBA Tour title on U.S. soil. His Tour titles came in the 2013 Abu Dhabi Open and 2014 Kuwait International Open.

Larsen holds a 45-pin lead over 18-time PBA Tour titlist Chris Barnes of Double Oak, Texas, in second with a 5,353 pinfall. Three-time PBA Tour winner Marshall Kent of Yakima, Wash., is third with 5,346.

Trey Ford III, the 16-year-old PBA member from Bartlesville, Okla., advanced to the fourth round with a 10th-place 5,199 pinfall total. He bowled games of 234, 218, 235, 163, 213, 183, 236 and 206 in the third round.

“I’m a little surprised how well I’m doing because when I practiced on these conditions at home I didn’t do that well,” said the high school sophomore who uses the unique two-handed delivery. “Generally, I feel comfortable making the adjustments I need to make – I’m just trying to learn as much as I can.

“If I have a bad game or get a split, I just have to remember that there are more opportunities and more bowling to go.”

Ford has been a PBA member since age 13 and has three top-10 finishes in PBA regional competition with a best of sixth.

Saturday’s stepladder round will feature players who qualified fifth through ninth with the winner advancing to the no. 5 qualifying position to join the tournament’s top four qualifiers for Sunday’s stepladder final.

Friday’s final qualifying round will be streamed live on PBA’s online bowling channel Xtra Frame beginning at 9:30 EDT (8:30 CT). For subscription and schedule information click on www.xtraframe.tv.

GRAND CASINO HOTEL & RESORT PBA OKLAHOMA OPEN

FireLake Bowling Center, Shawnee, Okla., Thursday

Third Round (after 24 games. Top 33 players advance to Friday’s fourth round)

1, Thomas Larsen, Denmark, 5,398.
2, Chris Barnes, Double Oak, Texas, 5,353.
3, Marshall Kent, Yakima, Wash., 5,346.
4, Jesper Svensson, Sweden, 5,277.
5, Jason Sterner, Rockledge, Fla., 5,274.
6, Rhino Page, Orlando, Fla., 5,266.
7, Tom Daugherty, Riverview, Fla., 5,243.
8, EJ Tackett, Huntington, Ind., 5,213.
9, Tom Smallwood, Saginaw, Mich., 5,203.
10, Trey Ford III, Bartlesville, Okla., 5,199.
11, Sam Cooley, Australia, 5,187.
12, Jason Belmonte, Australia, 5,158.
13, Tommy Jones, Simpsonville, S.C., 5,157.
14, Nick Kruml, Downers Grove, Ill., 5,150.
15, Kyle Sherman, O'Fallon, Mo., 5,139.
16, Francois Lavoie, Canada, 5,127.
16, Zulmazran Zulkifli, Malaysia, 5,127.
18, John Szczerbinski, N. Tonawanda, N.Y., 5,116.
19, Dom Barrett, England, 5,088.
20, Martin Larsen, Sweden, 5,087.
21, Wes Malott, Pflugerville, Texas, 5,085.
22, Stuart Williams, England, 5,083.
23, Walter Ray Williams Jr., Oxford, Fla., 5,081.
24, Ronnie Russell, Marion, Ind., 5,071.
25, Craig Nidiffer, Trenton, Mich., 5,064.
26, Brad Angelo, Lockport, N.Y., 5,061.
27, AJ Johnson, Oswego, Ill., 5,057.
28, Gary Faulkner Jr., Memphis, Tenn., 5,045.
29, Anthony Simonsen, Austin, Texas, 5,030.
30, Dick Allen, Columbia, S.C., 5,019.
31, Sean Rash, Montgomery, Ill., 5,014.
32, Kyle Troup, Taylorsville, N.C., 4,999.
33, Amleto Monacelli, Venezuela, 4,998.

Did not advance
34, Sean Lavery-Spahr, Pasadena, Texas, 4,993.
35, Kristopher Prather, Milton, Fla., 4,991.
36, Brandon Novak, Chillicothe, Ohio, 4,979.
37, Dylan Burns, Lawrence, Kan., 4,975.
38, Zeke Bayt, Westerville, Ohio, 4,965.
39, Richie Teece, England, 4,963.
40, Shawn Maldonado, Houston, 4,951.
41, (tie) DJ Archer, Friendswood, Texas, and Jon Van Hees, Charlestown, R.I., 4,947.
43, Jake Peters, Henderson, Nev., 4,944.
44, Jakob Butturff, Tempe, Ariz., 4,943.
45, (tie) Andrew Anderson, Holly, Mich., and Chris Loschetter, Avon, Ohio, 4,932.
47, J.R. Raymond, Clinton Twp., Mich., 4,927.
48, Devin Bidwell, Wichita, Kan., 4,923.
49, Ryan Ciminelli, Cheektowaga, N.Y., 4,917.
50, Jesse Buss, Belvidere, Ill., 4,916.
51, Kim Bolleby, Thailand, 4,904.
52, Gabriel Garcia, Port St. Lucie, Fla., 4,901.
53, Shota Kawazoe, Japan, 4,879.
54, Graham Fach, Canada, 4,876.
55, AJ Chapman, Wichita, Kan., 4,875.
56, Osku Palermaa, Finland, 4,873.
57, Ahmed Alawadhi, Bahrain, 4,870.
58, Ryan Shafer, Horseheads, N.Y., 4,868.
59, Francois Louw, South Africa, 4,867.
60, Kurt Pilon, Warren, Mich., 4,860.
61, (tie) Patrick Allen, Elmwood Park, N.J., Chris Via, Springfield, Ohio, and James Cantere, Oklahoma City, 4,858.
64, Bill O'Neill, Langhorne, Pa., 4,851.
65, Anthony Lavery-Spahr, Pasadena, Texas, 4,844.
66, Christopher Sloan, Ireland, 4,841.
67, Darren Tang, San Francisco, 4,812.
68, Brian LeClair, Athens, NY, 4,792.
69, Osama Hassan, Bahrain, 4,789.
70, Pontus Andersson, Sweden, 4,783.
71, Tom Sorce, Blasdell, N.Y., 4,780.
72, Ramon Hilferink, Netherlands, 4,761.
73, Dylan Macon, Lubbock, Texas, 4,737.
74, Dino Castillo, Highland Village, Texas, 4,735.
75, Paul Brewbaker, Midwest City, Okla., 4,732.
76, Matthew Sanders, Evansville, Ind., 4,708.
77, Isaac Kim, Lebanon, Pa., 4,660.
78, Jeff Hatt, Oklahoma City, 4,655.
79, (tie) Brad Miller, Maryland Heights, Mo., and Isaac Russell, Malaysia, 4,654.
81, Michael Houtz, Myerstown, Pa., 4,575.
82, Kenneth Bland Jr., Jacksonville, Texas, 4,549.
83, Omar Rashid, Bahrain, 4,522.
84, Tom Hess, Urbandale, Iowa, 4,376.
85, Tyson Branagan, Fort Worth, Texas, 4,358.
86, Cody Shoemaker, Hanover, Pa., 4,304.
87, Armando Santacruz, Ecuador, 4,296.
88, William Tarpein, McDonough, Ga., 4,058.
89, Jose Rosero, Ecuador, 4,009.
90, Yebgueni Velez, Ecuador, 3,885.

300 games (1) – Walter Ray Williams Jr.


          PBA Spare Shots: PBA’s Influence on International Bowling Community Continues to Grow   

Bowlers from around the world have always considered the PBA as the gold standard. If you wanted to find out how good you are, you had to bowl against – and beat – the world’s best. For decades, that was a difficult decision to make because the Fédération Internationale des Quilleurs, the international governing body in the eyes of the International Olympic Committee, banned professionals from its ranks.

(Feature photo, from left: Members of the victorious international team in the inaugural USA Vs. The World team match held during PBA World Series of Bowling II in Las Vegas in 2010 were Finland’s Osku Palermaa, Kimmo Lehtonen and Mika Koivuniemi, Canada’s Dan MacLelland, Australia’s Jason Belmonte and Venezuela’s Amleto Monacelli)

That policy changed in 2008, when the World Tenpin Bowling Association (WTBA) – now World Bowling – became the official governing body of tenpin bowling and opened its doors to professionals in the hopes of advancing bowling’s hope to gain Olympic acceptance, meaning that international players would no longer jeopardize eligibility to represent their national teams if the joined the PBA.

The introduction of the multi-event PBA World Series of Bowling concept a year later brought a veritable flood of international players into PBA competition. While notable players like PBA Tour champions Amleto Monacelli of Venezuela (1982), Sweden’s Mats Karlsson (1983) and Finland’s Mika Koivuniemi (1999), among a handful of others, had ventured into the PBA arena prior to 2008, the inaugural WSOB included an unprecedented 28 players from 14 different countries.

flagsThe WSOB has continued to welcome players from around the world. Since 2009, 38 different countries have been represented in the World Series, including a record 23 countries and 55 international players last year in Reno. The same sort of trend has had an impact of the recently-resurrected Professional Women’s Bowling Association Tour, which has featured a strong influx of international players.

In 2017, the PBA has seen international competition grow in events not previously known for global appeal, such as the Xtra Frame PBA Tour program and, this week, the Grand Casino Hotel & Resort Oklahoma Open, which includes 16 nations and 26 international players in its field of 91.

It’s an exciting trend for bowling, especially as the sport continues to seek the attention of the IOC and bowling manufacturers continue to expand their global markets. It’s good for bowling fans around the world, who can cheer for their home-country favorites thanks to the advent of Xtra Frame, pba.com and other social media outlets with world-wide accessibility. And it’s good for competition, because the level of talent in PBA competition has never been stronger, which only adds to the prestige of winning a PBA Tour title.

XTRA FRAME SCHEDULE INCLUDES OKLAHOMA PRELIMS, PWBA ACTION

This week’s Xtra Frame’s live streaming schedule will feature qualifying round coverage of the PBA Grand Casino Hotel & Resort Oklahoma Open from FireLake Bowling Center in Shawnee, Okla., through Friday, leading up to two days of live ESPN coverage of the Oklahoma Open’s nine-player stepladder finals Saturday and Sunday, July 1-2, at 1 p.m. EDT both days. The Oklahoma Open finals also will be live streamed on ESPN and the WatchESPN app.

This week’s PWBA Tour coverage features the Orlando Open Friday and Saturday.

Heading into July, Xtra Frame’s schedule includes the Teen Masters from Richmond, Va., July 5-7; the PWBA St. Petersburg-Clearwater Open from Seminole, Fla., July 7-8; the Proprietors Cup from Beavercreek, Ohio, July 8-9; the Nationwide PWBA Rochester (N.Y.) Open, July 14-15; the PBA50 South Shore Open from Hammond, Ind., July 25-27; the XF Striking Against Breast Cancer Mixed Doubles from Copperfield Bowl in Houston, Texas, July 28-30, which will award PBA and PWBA Tour titles; and the PBA50 Dave Small’s Championship Lanes Classic from Anderson, Ind., July 30-Aug. 1. For broadcast time and other details, check under the “schedules” tab on pba.com.

PBA fans also can follow real-time results for PBA50, PBA Xtra Frame Tour and all PBA Regional events by visiting the “live scoring” feature on pba.com. PWBA live scoring is available on pwba.com.

Xtra Frame subscription packages are available for three days, 30 days and a full year. To sign up, visit xtraframe.tv for details.

PBA REGIONAL UPDATE: WARREN, TANG WIN PBA50/PBA DOUBLES TITLE IN RENO

PBA50 competitor Chris Warren of Grants Pass, Ore., teamed up with Darren Tang of San Francisco to win the PBA50/PBA Sands Regency West/Northwest Doubles Open, presented by MOTIV, at High Sierra Lanes Sunday over PBA50 rookie Michael Haugen Jr. of Phoenix and Tang’s younger brother, amateur Michael Tang, 449-422.

Warren and Darren Tang took an early lead and a costly open late in the game by Michael Tang, combined with Haugen’s inability to carry pocket hits, resulted in Warren claiming his fourth PBA50 Regional title while Darren Tang picked up his second title since becoming a member a year ago.

In the single elimination match play leading up to the title match, the Warren/Tang team swept Utah amateurs Clay Rees from Riverton and Craig Harrington of Harriman, 3-0. Warren/Tang then defeated the San Jose, Calif., team of Gregory Thompson Jr. and Marty Deh in the semifinal match, 490-416, while the Haugen/Tang team survived a semifinal round shootout against PJ Haggerty from Roseville, Calif., and Las Vegan Ron Mohr, 546-545.

● PBA rookie Andrew Anderson of Holly, Mich., defeated Chandler Stevens of Archbold, Ohio, 216-177, to win his first PBA title in the PBA Pro Bowl West Central/Midwest Challenge presented by Roto Grip at Pro Bowl West on Saturday.

Challenge events are open to PBA members without a PBA title or non-members who have never won a PBA event. In addition to his first title, Anderson won $1,500.

Anderson downed Frank Snodgrass of Center Line, Mich., 228-161, in the semifinal round while Stevens topped Charlie Brown of Grandville, Mich., 208-159, to set up the championship match.

Keith Lesko of Chicago defeated Mark Sullivan of Indianapolis, 222-202, to win the PBA50 Ultimate Inserts Midwest Open presented by Hammer at Lakeside Lanes in Davis, Ill., Sunday. 

Lesko, who led qualifying, took each of the preliminary matches to the maximum number of games.  He defeated Jeff Johnson of Freeport, Ill. 3-2, in the best-of-five-game Round of 8, and then defeated R.J. Alman of Murrysville, Pa., 2-1, in the best-of-three semifinal round. Sullivan bested his travelling partner Danny Clark of New Palestine, Ind. 3-2, before beating Dave Traber of Hebron, Ill., 2-1, in his semifinal match.

Along with his third PBA Regional title Lesko received $1,700.

● The July PBA Regional calendar begins with the PBA and PBA50 Vanessa Brown Homes West Opens, both presented by Columbia 300 at Yosemite Lanes, in Modesto, Calif.

● On the July 7-9 weekend schedule is the PBA50 Cecil Raymond Memorial presented by Columbia 300 at 30 Strikes Bowling Pub & Pizza in Stratford, N.J.

● July 14-16 weekend activity for PBA Regional players includes the Albany Strikers South Open at in Albany, Ga., and the St. Charles Lanes Midwest Open presented by Storm in St. Charles, Mo. The PBA Central Region will conduct a mid-week event, the PBA50 Fairborn Central Classic at Bowl 10 Fairborn in Fairborn, Ohio, July 18-20.

● On the busy July 21-22 PBA Regional calendar are the PBA50 Parkway Lanes Open and the PWBA/PBA Parkway Lanes Open in Elmwood Park, N.J.; the Angola Central/Midwest Open at Angola Bowl in Angola, Ind.; the PBA50 Beverly Lanes Midwest/Central Open presented by Roto Grip in Arlington Heights, Ill.; the Spring Hill South Open at Spring Hill Lanes in Spring Hill, Fla.; the Fort Sill Southwest Open at Twins Oaks Bowling Center in Fort Sill, Okla., and the Secoma Lanes Northwest/West Open, PBA50 Northwest/West Open and PWBA/PBA Open, all presented by Storm, in Federal Way, Wash.

● Also in July are the PBA Japan Region’s first events of 2017, the PBA Chameleon Open on July 23 followed by the Women’s Chameleon Championship on July 30, both at Shinsayama Grand Bowl in Sayama.

● For complete PBA Regional schedules, rules and entry information, visit pba.com, open the “schedules” tab and click on PBA Regional Tours to find the event(s) in your area.

MageQUICK NOTES:

● Chris Paul’s blockbuster trade to the Houston Rockets this week also means the annual CP3 PBA Celebrity Invitational will move to Houston in 2018. Details will be announced later.

PBA West/Northwest Region manager Gary Mage (at left with wife Toni) was inducted into the Washington State USBC Hall of Fame Saturday at the Lucky Eagle Casino and Hotel in Rochester, Wash.

● Now available in the PBA Store (http://pba.firelakedesigns.com/), the Marshall Holman t-shirt and polo joins the Signature Collection which already includes Earl Anthony, Mark Roth and Dick Weber signature apparel.


          Egyre keményebb a helyzet Venezuelában   
Helikopteres támadás érte a venezuelai Legfelsőbb Bíróság épületét - közölte Nicolás Maduro szocialista elnök.
          Presidente Maduro celebra 12 años de la creación de Petrocaribe   
VTV El Presidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, celebró este jueves, a través de su cuenta en
          Venezuela rechaza comunicado de la CIDH   
Minci La misión permanente de Venezuela ante la Organización de Estados Americanos expresó el rechazo de Venezuela ante el comunicado de
          Venezuela llevará verdad al mundo sobre actos terroristas ante silencio de países imperiales   
AVN.- os embajadores venezolanos acudirán a todas las sedes de las cancillerías donde Venezuela tiene presencia diplomática para llevar el
          Denuncian derrame de sustancias biológicas tras ataque a laboratorios de Inia e Insai - 2001.com.ve   

2001.com.ve

Denuncian derrame de sustancias biológicas tras ataque a laboratorios de Inia e Insai
2001.com.ve
El ministro del Poder Popular para la Producción Agrícola y Tierras, Wilmar Castro Soltedo, informó que ataques provocados por actos vandálicos del pasado martes, en la ciudad de Maracay, provocaron el derrame de sustancias biológicas de alto riesgo.
Denuncian el robo de equipos y sustancias biológicas en Araguaglobovision.com
Piden decretar alerta sanitaria por robo de sustancias biológicas en AraguaEl Universal (Venezuela)
Castro Soteldo alertó derrame de sustancias biológicas de alto riesgo en AraguaMinCI (Comunicado de prensa)
Venezolana de Televisión -El Informador.com.ve -Diario El Siglo -El Impulso (Comunicado de prensa) (blog)
los 27 artículos informativos »

          Tener el móvil cerca ya la vista aumenta la ansiedad y el estrés - El Universal (Venezuela)   

El Universal (Venezuela)

Tener el móvil cerca ya la vista aumenta la ansiedad y el estrés
El Universal (Venezuela)
El smartphone se ha convertido en un fenómeno sociológico. Hoy tan importante para salir de casa como la cartera o las llaves, comprobamos entre 80 y 90 veces cada día lo que nos ofrece. Un flujo constante de notificaciones nos hace de cordón umbilical ...

y más »

          La Fiscalía venezolana imputa al jefe de los servicios de Inteligencia por violar los DDHH   
La Fiscalía de Venezuela ha citado en calidad de imputado al director del Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional (Sebin), Gustavo González López, por presuntas violaciones de los Derechos Humanos cometidas en el marco de la represión de la ola de manifestaciones opositoras.
          La ONU sale en defensa de Ortega Díaz y critica los intentos del TSJ de apartarla del cargo   
La ONU ha salido este viernes en defensa de la fiscal general de Venezuela, Luisa Ortega Díaz, criticando las últimas decisiones adoptadas por el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (TSJ) que buscan apartarla del cargo y privar al Ministerio Público de sus competencias.
          La Fiscalía cita como imputado al exjefe de la Guardia Nacional por "sistemáticas violaciones de DDHH"   

La Fiscalía General de Venezuela ha citado a declarar en calidad de imputado al general Antonio José Benavides Torres, ex comandante general de la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana, por la presunta comisión de "graves y sistemáticas violaciones de los Derechos Humanos" durante las manifestaciones opositoras que se suceden desde hace 80 días.


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          Russia's Rosneft set for global gas tussle with Gazprom   

By Vladimir Soldatkin and Olesya Astakhova

MOSCOW (Reuters) - Russia's Rosneft, the world's top listed oil producer, wants to supply gas in parts of Europe where Gazprom is not present - or Moscow risks losing the market to U.S. liquefied natural gas (LNG), a Rosneft executive said.

Gazprom, the leading global gas producer, enjoys monopoly rights on gas pipeline exports. It has lost its exclusive rights to ship seaborne LNG overseas to Rosneft and Novatek, Russia's largest non-state gas producer.

Rosneft, headed by Igor Sechin, an ally of President Vladimir Putin, has long been vying for pipeline gas exports as it strives to grow globally. It now wants permission to export to the parts of Europe in which Gazprom does not operate.

The Russian producer has a memorandum with BP, which owns a 19.75 stake in the Russian company, to trade up to 20 billion cubic metres (bcm) of gas annually in Europe.

Rosneft vice president Vlada Rusakova, a former Gazprom executive, said the company wants to conduct "an experiment" in supplying gas to new markets "in coordination" with Gazprom.

"We are not counting on a total lifting of export restrictions. This would be harmful for Gazprom, especially against the background of a difficult financial and economic situation at the company," she said in emailed comments.

She added that as part of the "experiment", Rosneft could supply gas to markets where Gazprom is not present and into which U.S. LNG could be imported. Rusakova did not identify any such European countries.

"Of course, this should be done in close coordination with Gazprom, in order to avoid competition between Russian gas suppliers."

Gazprom targets $32-34 billion in revenues from exporting more than 180 bcm to Europe and Turkey this year. Rosneft produced almost 70 bcm of gas last year, earning 208 billion roubles ($3.5 billion) in revenues from gas sales at home.

NEW MARKETS

Rosneft, like Novatek, is winning some of Gazprom's clients at home thanks to a more flexible gas pricing policy. But unlike Novatek or Gazprom, Rosneft plans to have an LNG plant only in Russia, as it eyes Russia's far east and Asian markets.

The company wants to export gas to China, where Gazprom plans to start shipping gas in 2019-2021 via the Power of Siberia pipeline, currently under construction.

It also wants access to China's domestic gas market and end-users via swap deals.

"There are significant gas resources in Russia's east, while no infrastructure has been built. And that's why we are interested in gaining access to the future Power of Siberia pipeline," Rusakova said.

Rosneft plans to produce 100 bcm of gas per year by 2020 and become the world's third-largest producer of natural gas sometime later, thanks to a number of international projects.

Last year, Rosneft agreed to buy a stake of up to 35 percent in Egypt's Zohr offshore gas field from Italy's Eni. The Russian company also plans to expand in gas projects elsewhere, including Mozambique and Venezuela.

Rusakova said Rosneft and Venezuelan state company PDVSA may consider building an LNG plant in Venezuela.

($1 = 59.3765 roubles)

(Writing by Vladimir Soldatkin; Editing by Katya Golubkova and Dale Hudson)


          Hoe veil zijn politici?   


Dezer Dagen




Trouw aan de socialistische gedachte



Jean Jaurès (1859 -1914), vermoord
omdat hij tegen de oorlogskredieten
gekant was. Hij betaalde dat met
zijn leven op 30 juli 1914
Je kijkt naar een reportage over Venezuela, je luistert naar een burgemeester die ontslag had te nemen, je... vraagt je af wat de betekenis van het socialisme dezer dagen nog wel is. Kritisch? Dat was ooit het geval. Vrijdenkend? Ooit kwam een groep liberalen uit de loge het socialisme vervoegen. Maar wat is er dan vandaag de aantrekkingskracht van?

Ivan Mayeur heeft eieren voor zijn geld gekozen, nam zelf ontslag uit de PS en blijft wel gemeenteraadslid. Hoe moet dat gaan, een lid van de gemeenteraad die alle geheimen van het stadsbestuur kent? Hij mag het doen, maar bewijst er de stad geen dienst mee en vooral, hij geeft geen blijk van verantwoordelijkheid en al helemaal geen schuldinzicht. Maar het begin van alles, behalve de initiële socialistische gedachte, daarover gaat het niet en toch zou dat voor de toekomst heel wat onheil kunnen voorkomen.

In "Zonder vrienden geen filosofie" schrijft Hans Achterhuis dat mensen die links of socialistisch georiënteerd zijn niet noodzakelijkerwijze ook sober of  arm moeten leven. Onder meer Jean Jaurès was een socialist, met een dure auto en chauffeur. Hij verzette zich tegen de aanvalsdrift van de Fransen en werd door een nationalist neergeschoten op de avond voor de beslissende stemming  in de Kamer over de oorlogskredieten. Uiteindelijk stemden de socialisten in het Franse parlement mee voor de oorlogsinspanning en gingen ze mee slaapwandelen. Er was geen voldoende reden, geen casus belli en dat had Jean Jaures goed bekeken. Jean Jaurès was als historicus lange tijd bezig een socialistische, marxistische lezing van de Franse Revolutie te schrijven. Er wordt nog nauwelijks aan gerefereerd. 

In de wandeling hoort men vaak genoeg verhalen, zoals dat het makkelijker is een hond voorbij een kom vlees te leiden dan een socialist voorbij een dikke portefeuille. Andere partijen zijn ook niet vrij van schandalen en men moet de politiek noch een partij alleen maar daarop afrekenen. Mensen, een aantal zijn nu eenmaal veil en koopbaar, want ze hebben nooit genoeg. Andere schandalen springen minder in het oog, want men rekent het liberalen en christenen zo te zien minder aan. Toch is het zo dat men kan proberen al die verleidingen buiten beeld te houden, politieke besluitvorming gaat samen met beïnvloeding. Ik weet wel dat men zou willen dat politici op eigen houtje beslissen, maar er is zoveel dat de revue passeert en men dient toch wel goed ingelezen te zijn, wil men verantwoordelijke besluiten kunnen nemen. Het is niet evident te weten wat de mogelijkheden van genetische modificatie van gewassen en organismen zijn en wat de risico's zouden kunnen zijn.

De wens dat politieke besluitvorming transparant zou verlopen, kan heel goed omgedraaid worden en dan komt het erop aan dat politici stemmen volgens hun overtuiging, dat wil zeggen dat er wel rationele argumenten zijn voor het besluit, maar dat er ook iets in te bespeuren valt dat te maken heeft met andere overwegingen, die de rede niet geheel kan onderkennen. Als ik politici volg in hun uitleggingen, dan merk ik vaak dat dit ontbreekt, die sterke innerlijke overtuiging. Ook al meent men het uit de grond van het hart dat men liberaal of socialist is, de innerlijke overtuiging, die tot stand kan komen, nadat men alle argumenten heeft gehoord, kan men uitkomen bij inzichten die niet direct sporen met de partijrichtlijnen, omdat daarin nu eenmaal niet alle gronden voor het besluit in overweging genomen werden. Partijen zijn immers in hoge mate marketingmachines geworden.

Het is al enige tijd geleden dat socialisten hier te lande zonder meer zegden dat ze de hele samenleving wilden veranderen, zonder revolutie als het even kan, maar men moet zich toch afvragen of alles wat verwezenlijkt werd, wel zo slecht, fout, negatief zou zijn als die op totale hervorming gerichte jongens en meisjes het willen voorstellen. De Franse Revolutie had dertig jaar nodig om een beetje op koers te komen en dan nog, het duurde bijna een eeuw voor de burgers echt de indruk kregen dat hun rechten gerespecteerd werden. Voor Rusland is het met de Revolutie nooit echt goed gekomen, maar dat lijkt niemand van belang te achten, het feit dat de levensverwachting hopeloos achterbleef bij wat hier in het Westen werd gerealiseerd, spreekt anders boekdelen.

Het zou bizar uitpakken als men ideologieën zou afwijzen, omdat het toelaat zich aan het publiek, aan de eigen achterban duidelijk te maken zonder alles te moeten expliqueren. Maar een ideologie blijft een reductie van de werkelijkheid en de ideologisch geinspireerde oplossingen kunnen dan ook altijd nog botsen met de realiteit. Een ideologie kan het denken uitschakelen of kan men als verantwoording voor van alles en nog wat inroepen, tegelijk zal men ook moeten erkennen dat men zonder een min of meer uitgewerkt mens- en wereldbeeld ook niet heel erg ver kan komen, want dan heeft men geen kompas om zich op te richten.

De visie van John Rawls omtrent rechtvaardigheid is al een paar decennia diep geworteld geraakt in het progressieve denken, maar het is een rechtvaardigheid die niet tot handelen aanleiding lijkt te geven of mensen echt ten goede komen zal. Ook de kreten over de 1 % sluiten daarbij aan, terwijl er aan succes niets mis is, als het allemaal ordentelijk gerealiseerd is geworden. Natuurlijk kan blijken dat een arbiter bepaalde spelers zal moeten tegenhouden, die een monopoliepositie bereiken. Dan is het de overheid die moet tussenkomen, al durven sommigen de vrijhandel wel eens te verwarren met grenzeloze groei van een paar spelers. De antitrustwetgeving in de VSA dateert uit het begin van de twintigste eeuw en verbood de geïntegreerde trust, die alle fasen van de productie in handen had, bijvoorbeeld inzake spoorwegen of zelfs voedselproducten. Zonder een besluitvaardige overheid als scheidsrechter komt men nergens.

De taak van de overheid, ook in hoofde van Adam Smith bestaat erin mensen zekerheid over rechten en plichten te geven, rechtspleging voorzien en nog een aantal diensten en voorzieningen van algemeen nut, zodat het mogelijk wordt dat mensen meerwaarde creëren en handel te drijven, te produceren. Niets evenwel is neutraal, want bij alles spelen overwegingen mee, van verschillend niveau en al dan niet met eigen doelstellingen. Het doel is evenwel altijd het samenleven en de kwaliteit van leven bevorderen, waarbij er accentverschillen mogelijk zijn, omdat de visie op handelen, economisch en politiek maar ook tegenover derden, nu eenmaal niet voor iedereen dezelfde is. Men kan menen dat men vooral de grote meerderheid of voor armen in het geweer moet komen, maar klopt dat wel, want er is al wel eens gebleken dat sommige mensen van die solidariteit ook beter werden, mensen die zelf mee de solidariteit vorm geven. Neen, over vakbonden en mutualiteiten heb ik het niet, want dat zijn instellingen die in beginsel als zelforganisatie zijn ontstaan, zoals de spaarkassen in het Gentse rond 1850, 1870. Hun macht is niet vrij van controverse maar men kan moeilijk om de gunstige gevolgen van hun werking heen, al zou de politiek wellicht ook tegenover beter de afstand bewaren. Nu de bevriende partijen niet meer de grootste in het politieke krachtenveld zijn, wijzigde ook hun invloed, evenzeer als gevolg van financiële schandalen.

Het verhaal van de inhalige socialisten kan men indikken tot de gedachte dat alle socialisten veil zijn, maar dat geldt voor de meeste mensen onder ons. Wie daaraan twijfelt en zichzelf boven elke twijfel verheven acht, begrijpt niet dat integriteit altijd weer op proef gesteld wordt en dan moet altijd weer blijken in hoeverre men aan de bekoringen kan weerstaan, aan douceurtjes en slinks toegeschoven inkomsten. Men kan proberen met deontologische codes hieraan te verhelpen, maar vroeg of laat komen er altijd weer nieuwe mogelijkheden aan de orde, die sommigen gretig aangrijpen, want nog niet verboden of ontraden.



Bart Haers  

          Relator de la ONU condena decisión contra fiscal venezolana Ortega   
El relator especial de la ONU Diego García-Sayán rechazó hoy la reciente decisión del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia de Venezuela que le impide a la fiscal general Luisa Ortega salir del país y congela sus bienes, medidas que calificó como "otro paso más contra la institucionalidad democrática".
          Heridos y decenas de detenidos en nueva protesta en Venezuela   
Al menos 17 personas resultaron heridas y otras 30 fueron detenidas en Caracas en una nueva manifestación contra el Gobierno venezolano. La marcha de hoy fue convocada hasta el Consejo Nacional Electoral.
          UNESCO participó en el segundo Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Artes en Guayaquil, Ecuador   

Entre el 21 y el 23 de junio de 2017, la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito y Representación para Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela, a través de su Sector Cultura, participó en la segunda edición del Encuentro Internacional de Investigación en Artes, organizado por la Universidad de las Artes (UArtes) de Guayaquil, a través del Instituto Latinoamericano de Investigación en Artes (ILIA).


El 23 de junio de realizó la mesa de diálogo “Ciudades creativas, ciudades pensadas, ciudades vividas”.

La contribución de la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito se vinculó a la mesa de diálogo “Ciudades creativas, ciudades pensadas, ciudades vividas" -durante la mañana del día viernes 23-, con la ponencia “Cultura y creatividad: motores para el desarrollo urbano sostenible”. La presentación estuvo a cargo de Ernestina Cortés y Alessandro Martinotti, quienes resaltaron el trabajo de la UNESCO como la agencia de las Naciones Unidas con el mandato específico en cultura, en la visibilización de la cultura y el patrimonio como motores del desarrollo sostenible y como medios para mejorar la calidad de vida de las personas.

La primera parte de la exposición tuvo por objetivo presentar los antecedentes y los elementos más significativos de la Convención de 2005 sobre la Protección y Promoción de la Diversidad de las Expresiones Culturales , un acuerdo internacional jurídicamente vinculante que garantiza que todos los ciudadanos, especialmente los artistas, los profesionales de la cultura y creativos, puedan crear, producir, distribuir, difundir y disfrutar de un amplia gama de servicios y bienes culturales. En particular, se hizo hincapié en la importancia de la libertad artística, definida como la libertad de imaginar, crear y distribuir expresiones culturales diversas sin censura, interferencia pública u otro tipo de presiones.

En la segunda parte, se destacó el creciente reconocimiento que la cultura y la creatividad han logrado en los distintos escenarios, políticas y acciones implementadas a nivel global en pos del desarrollo sostenible, con particular atención en los contextos urbanos. En este sentido, se resaltaron los esfuerzos realizados por la UNESCO para fomentar la importancia de la diversidad y el diálogo intercultural, promover la cultura como motor del desarrollo sostenible, contribuir al logro de los Objetivos de Desarrollo Sostenible establecidos en la Agenda 2030, e impulsar el papel estratégico de las industrias culturales y creativas en el desarrollo urbano sostenible.


Las mesas de diálogo se centraron en tres ejes temáticos: política y sociedad, interculturalidad y derechos culturales, ciudades creativas y urbanismo en América Latina.

Las ponencias magistrales y mesas de debate que articularon las tres jornadas, se anclaron, respectivamente, en los siguientes ejes temáticos: política y sociedad, interculturalidad y derechos culturales, ciudades creativas y urbanismo en América Latina. Durante el evento se desarrollaron varias actividades académicas y artísticas que tuvieron por objetivo el fomento de la investigación en y a través de las artes. Asimismo, el encuentro fue planteado como un espacio de diálogo que –mediante múltiples miradas- apuntó al análisis del papel de las artes en relación con los contextos sociales, económicos y culturales. 


          UNESCO apoya la construcción de la agenda de política exterior para la promoción del Ecuador   

El día lunes 26 de junio fue inaugurado el “Taller para el Inicio de la construcción de la Hoja de Ruta de Política Exterior para la promoción del Ecuador”, el cual se llevó a cabo los días 26 y 27 de junio en la sede del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana del Ecuador.

En la inauguración de este evento estuvieron presentes la Ministra de Relaciones Exteriores y Movilidad Humana, María Fernanda Espinosa; el Ministro de Comercio Exterior, Pablo Campana; el Ministro de Cultura y Patrimonio, Raúl Pérez Torres; el Ministro de Turismo, Enrique Ponce de León Román y la Directora de la Oficina de UNESCO en Quito y Representante para Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela, Saadia Sánchez Vegas. 


Saadia Sánchez, Directora de la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito y Representante para Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela, durante su intervención en la sesión inaugural del taller.

Durante la inauguración, la Directora y Representante Saadia Sánchez destacó que: “Nos complace generar sinergias y edificar un trabajo colaborativo con nuestras contrapartes en la construcción de la política pública”. Asimismo, Sánchez enfatizó la relevancia de la asistencia técnica de la UNESCO en la generación del marco de la gestión pública, con el ejemplo de la publicación “Aportes para la construcción de la política pública sobre el Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial del Ecuador”, resultado de un proyecto ejecutado entre la UNESCO y Ecuador, cuyas contribuciones fueron utilizadas en la redacción del Acuerdo Ministerial Nro. DM-2017-009 que define los lineamientos de la política pública para la salvaguardia del Patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial (Enlace al discurso).


La Canciller María Fernanda Espinoza, se refirió en sus palabras a la relevancia de la agenda de política exterior para promover al Ecuador en los ámbitos de la cultura, el patrimonio cultural inmaterial, la comunicación y promoción del turismo, y las relaciones exteriores y el comercio exterior.

Por su parte, la Ministra Espinoza señaló que: “Este taller tiene gran relevancia porque nos permite incorporar, desde una mirada holística, los tres campos de acción prioritarios del Gobierno Nacional: el Diálogo Nacional, el Plan Nacional de Desarrollo y la Agenda de Política Exterior”.

Como parte de la asistencia técnica de la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito en el marco de la Agenda de Política Exterior para la promoción del Ecuador, se proporcionaron aportes sustantivos a la discusión y el trabajo de las mesas, con dos conferencias dictadas por el Sector Cultura, una primera conferencia dedicada a la promoción y protección de los artistas en el marco de la convención de 2005 sobre la Protección y Promoción de la Diversidad de las Expresiones Culturales, y una segunda conferencia relativa a las buenas prácticas de la participación comunitaria en la elaboración de herramientas de política pública, en el ámbito del “Proyecto para el fortalecimiento de Capacidades para la salvaguardia del patrimonio Cultural Inmaterial del Ecuador”.

El taller, en el que participaron cerca de 60 personas, estuvo dirigido a representantes de distintas instituciones públicas y privadas, artistas y público en general, quienes, durante el desarrollo del evento, trabajaron en cinco mesas de trabajo dedicadas a los temas de cultura, patrimonio cultural inmaterial, comunicación y promoción, turismo y relaciones exteriores y comercio exterior, con el propósito de diseñar una hoja de ruta de política exterior para la promoción del Ecuador, a través de un proceso de discusión y definición de prioridades altamente participativo.


          La UNESCO reiteró su compromiso con el proceso de paz en Colombia durante la visita del Presidente Juan Manuel Santos en la sede de la UNESCO en París   

La Directora General de la UNESCO, Irina Bokova, recibió en la sede de la UNESCO en París al Presidente de Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, en una ocasión que permitió la mutua reafirmación del compromiso de la UNESCO y de Colombia con el proceso de paz y la edificación de una cultura de paz.

El encuentro bilateral entre el Presidente de Colombia y la Directora General de la UNESCO, se produce a pocos meses de la visita de Irina Bokova a Colombia durante el mes de febrero, coincidiendo con la muy relevante circunstancia de la entrega de las armas por parte de los excombatientes de las FARC a las Naciones Unidas, un paso que marca un significativo avance en el Acuerdo de Paz suscrito entre el gobierno colombiano y las FARC, que señala el camino del proceso de paz, en el cual Colombia cuenta con el acompañamiento y el soporte técnico de la UNESCO.

En su discurso de bienvenida, la Directora General de la UNESCO expresó su solidaridad al Presidente Juan Manual Santos y al pueblo colombiano por el ataque terrorista del 17 de junio pasado en un centro comercial de Bogotá, expresando que la respuesta al impulso extremista que busca socavar el tejido de nuestras sociedad, pasa por la unión y el fortalecimiento de los valores compartidos. La Directora Bokova también manifestó su reconocimiento al Presidente Santos y al pueblo colombiano por sus esfuerzos para construir la paz y consolidar alternativas a la violencia: “El pueblo colombiano con usted a la cabeza, ha logrado con pasión, dedicación y arduo trabajo, lo que mucha gente pensaba que era imposible (…) Tras cinco décadas de guerra (…) Colombia nos ha demostrado el poder del diálogo y del espíritu de reconciliación”, y dirigió al Presidente Santos palabras sobre la influencia de su ejemplo para otros líderes: “Hoy más que nunca necesitamos su visión para inspirar y guiar a otros líderes del mundo a hacer lo mismo. Necesitamos de su experiencia para ayudarnos a desarmar los conflictos”.

El Presidente Santos inició sus palabras mencionando los retos en el proceso de paz: “Un desafío físico, que es el trabajo para implementar el acuerdo de paz en todas sus partes (…) un desafío al que podríamos llamar espiritual o cultural, que consiste, precisamente en hacer aquello que la UNESCO plantea ‘Construir la paz en la mente de los hombres y las mujeres’ (…)”. El Presidente Santos se refirió además a la necesidad de cambiar la cultura de la violencia por una cultura de paz y convivencia, enfatizando que la transformación de la realidad pasa por la formación de las mentes a través de la educación.


El Presidente de Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, durante su intervención: “El concepto de educación para la ciudanía mundial que promueve esta organización debe ser parte de este esfuerzo pedagógico para sembrar convivencia en el terreno fértil de nuestros jóvenes y niños”. Foto: © UNESCO/Christelle ALIX

En su discurso, el Presidente de Colombia señaló que el trabajo institucional por la paz en el país también comporta: “Un plan de formación para la ciudadanía, con estrategias de educación para la paz, en las que afortunadamente vamos a contar con la experiencia y el acompañamiento de la UNESCO”, destacando que: “El concepto de educación para la ciudanía mundial que promueve esta organización debe ser parte de este esfuerzo pedagógico para sembrar convivencia en el terreno fértil de nuestros jóvenes y niños”.

Finalmente, el Presidente Santos hizo un recordatorio oportuno de algunos de los principios básicos de la “Carta de Colombia: 10 principios para la paz”, suscrita en el marco de la XVI Cumbre Mundial de Premios Nobel de la Paz, realizada del 2 al 3 de febrero de 2017 en Bogotá: la paz es un derecho; la humanidad es una familia; la diversidad es un patrimonio que enriquece; la educación debe fundamentarse en la tolerancia, la solidaridad, la compasión y el respeto a las diferencias y todas las vidas son valiosas.

Durante este encuentro bilateral, el Presidente de Colombia estuvo acompañado en su comitiva por María Ángela Holguín, Ministra de Relaciones Exteriores y Federico Renjifo, Embajador de Colombia en Francia y Delegado Permanente ante la UNESCO, entre otros altos funcionarios del gobierno colombiano, y la Directora General de la UNESCO contó con la compañía de una comitiva de autoridades y funcionarios de la UNESCO, entre los que se encontraba Saadia Sánchez, Directora de la Oficina de la UNESCO en Quito y Representante para Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Venezuela. 


          Maduro pide ayuda a los venezolanos para capturar al policía que atacó el TribunalSupremo   
"Es un criminal, es un asesino, y le pido la colaboración a todo el pueblo de Venezuela. Si aún se encuentra en territorio nacional, que el pueblo de Venezuela, al identificarlo, lo capture donde esté, a ese terrorista y criminal", ha dicho Maduro.
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          Sayago será nueva conductora de Más Allá de la Belleza   
  Keysi Sayago, la actual miss Venezuela, sustituirá a Mariam Habach en la conducción del programa Más Allá de la Belleza, que se comenzará a transmitir a mediados de julio por Venevisión Plus. Esto marca el debut de la reina como animadora. Según se pudo conocer, Habach, quien fue anunciada a principios de año para […]
          En svensk kvar i PSC Panama, Martin Jacobson latereggar   

Dag 2 av Pokerstars Championship i Panama är nu färdigspelad, och vi börjar närma oss prispengarna.

Totalt återstår 78 spelare, och bland dem hittar vi en svensk – Karim Zerzour.

Karim avslutade Dag 1B med dryga startstacken (33,2k). Den lyckades han nästan dubbla under Dag 2. Just nu sitter han på 57k. Det placerar honom på 62:a plats i chipcounten.

De 71 bästa får betalt, så 7 spelare till kommer att få lämna Main Event tomhänta.

Tyvärr försvann både Sebastian Hinderoth och Robin Andersson under dagens spel.

Martin Jacobson gör ett kort inhopp

I Pokerstars Championship är det okej att registrera sig fram till starten av Dag 2. Det var fyra spelare som tog den chansen – och det var allt annat än några amatörer.

Spelarna var Martin Jacobson, Erik Seidel, Bryn Kenney och Ambrose Ng. Tillsammans har dem vunnit över $60 miljoner i liveturneringar.

Dessvärre gick det sämst för vår svenska världsmästare. Jacobson överlevde bara i 70 minuter innan han bustade.

Det gick dock inte så bra för de andra tre latereggarna heller. Seidel gjorde Jacobson sällskap bara ett par minuter senare, och under dagens tredje nivå försvann även Kenney och Ng.

Yaroshevsky ångar på i toppen

Det ukrainska proffset Igor Yaroshevsky fortsätter att gå som tåget.

Han avslutade Dag 1A i stor chipledning, och den utökade han ännu mer under Dag 2.

Yaroshevsky har 745,500 i stacken, vilket är 180,000 mer än tvåan Denis Timofeev.

Pokerstars Championship Igor Yaroshevsky
Yaroshevsky fortsätter springa bra

Den största överraskningen hittills är MMA-fightern Tito Ortiz. Han har lyckats hålla sig kvar på topp10, och är nu på god väg att åstadkomma sin största pokerprestation någonsin.

Vinnaren tar hem nästan $300,000.

Dagen spel drar igång klockan 12:00 lokal tid. På grund av det låga antalet deltagare har turneringsledaren beslutat att plocka bort den sista blindnivån från både Dag 2 och 3.

Såhär ser toppen ut inför Dag 3:

Chipcount Dag 3 PSC Panama Main Event

Registreringar: 366
Inköp: $5300
Prispott: $1,830,000

Igor Yaroshevsky (Ukraina) – 745,500 Denis Timofeev (Ryssland) – 569,000 Caufman Talley (USA) – 546,000 Tito Ortiz (USA) – 270,500 Vincent Allevato (Kanada) – 256,500 Pablo Gordillo (Spanien) – 254,500 Pedro Romanzo Pollino (Venezuela) – 244,000 Eduards Kudrjavcevs (Lettland) – 237,000 Jessica Perez Borrego (Panama) – 235,500 Kenneth Smaron (USA) – 234,500

62. Karim Zerzour (Sverige) – 57,000

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Fler nyheter från Pokerstars Championship kan du läsa i vår sektion för liveturneringar



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Little to celebrate on Day of the Journalist in Venezuela   
Publisher: Reporters Without Borders - Document type: Country News
          Why choose Watches-and-diamonds.com?   


Watches-and-diamonds.com is one of the top retailers online for people who want to buy watches. They have rave reviews from customers who have bought watches from their web site on their site and online in general. Customers praise the web site’s speed and efficiency. There are lists of reviews from customers as far away as Japan and Venezuela who have received their Watches-and-diamonds.comorders on time! Watches-and-diamonds.com partners with shipping companies around the world to ensure safe and rapid delivery. Director of Operations and Marketing Isaac Lustig oversees the shipping department and has a great record of on-time delivery.

Watches-and-diamonds.com also earns praise for its value and selection. President Shlomo Lustig travels the world to find the best possible watches for his customers. Shlomo Lustig always says that the most important part of his job is making sure that his customers have a great selection available. He and his trained watch scouts find the best quality and price for the Watches-and-diamonds.com collection. Watches-and-diamonds.com has been reviewed by several online magazines and had been consistently rated at the top for its selection and service.

Watches-and-diamonds.comalso gets good reviews for its star customer service.  Agents are always available online or by phone. Like most web sites, Watches-and-diamonds.com includes descriptions of its products, but all are thorough and descriptive. They are written by jewelry experts but are easy for everyone to understand, even for people who speak English as a second language. Watches-and-diamonds.com has many international customers. Its customer service team speaks several languages and its prices can be shown in several currencies. The default currency is the English pound, because the company is headquarted in the UK. Visit www.watches-and-diamonds.comto take a look at their collection, and head over to the “Frequently Asked Questions” page for information on their policies and how to order.
          Where To Eat This Weekend: Independence Day, Venezuelan-Style   

So you made it to Friday again. Congratulations. You should really do something to celebrate. So whether you’re looking for cocktails, street food, a place to eat with the kids or something to cure that hangover, we’re here to help. Here are the six best things to do with your weekend, starting with… Ain’t No…

The post Where To Eat This Weekend: Independence Day, Venezuelan-Style appeared first on Philadelphia Magazine.


          Puyero Gives Burgers, Dogs, and Shakes a Street Food Spin   

The United States’ and Venezuela’s annual Independence Day celebrations are just one day apart — July 4th and July 5th, to be exact. To celebrate, Queen Village’s Puyero is putting a Venezuelan street food twist on American Fourth of July favorites with their Week De La Independencia menu, which starts today, June 30th. Owners Manuela…

The post Puyero Gives Burgers, Dogs, and Shakes a Street Food Spin appeared first on Philadelphia Magazine.


          As Venezuela’s People Cry Out For Help, The United States Has Options   
Venezuela is imploding as its political institutions are crumbling and its people are suffering from hunger and malnutrition. There is a level of desperation that goes unanswered. The government shoots people without mercy as was recently the case with a young 22 year old man. Leopoldo Lopez, an opposition leader and political prisoner, complained about [...]
          In pictures   
Anti-government demonstrations in the Venezuelan capital, Caracas, show no signs of abating.
          With Iran's Profile Rising, Saudi Arabia Must Unite with U.S. on Terror   

In a Middle East country where terrorist attacks by suicide bombers are rare, Saudi Arabia suffered such an attack on June 23rd. Both target and timing were significant.

The target was Islam's holiest site - the Grand Mosque in Makkah; the timing was the last day of Ramadan, when attendance was unusually high as hundreds of thousands of worshipers gathered for afternoon prayers.

The good news was Saudi security, learning in advance of the planned attack, arrested five suspects. Closing in on the bomber forced him to detonate his explosives prematurely. The bad news was six foreign pilgrims were wounded.

As Riyadh launches an investigation into the attack, a betting man would take odds one country in particular-Iran-is involved, either directly or indirectly, to it. Investigators and legal authorities have linked Tehran to multiple attacks against the U.S., including the 1983 Beirut bombing of the Marine Barracks and the 9/11 attacks.

News of this attack undoubtedly causes some to think Saudi Arabia is finally getting its due for having exported Islamism for so long. Just like the U.S. made some bad decisions in the Middle East - President Jimmy Carter's support of Iran's Islamic revolution rather than the Shah, our long-time ally, and President Barack Obama's decision to provide Tehran with a path to nuclear weapons with his 2015 agreement are but two decisions quickly coming to mind - Riyadh too made a bad decision in exporting Islamism.

But while mutually bad past judgments have created a dangerous Middle East today, Saudi critics need understand now, more than ever, U.S. and Saudi interests must be aligned to confront the same threat. Failure to do so will only enhance Iranian efforts to establish a "Shia Crescent."

Ever since the mullahs came to power in 1979, they have been motivated by the goal to establish a Middle East caliphate that would enable them to expand globally.

For eight years, Obama gave Tehran a free pass to do just that, outrageously claiming it was important Saudi Arabia learn to "share the neighborhood."

For those doubting Iran's expansionist goals and evil intentions, two provisions of its own constitution make them clear.

The first mandates the Islamic revolution be exported outside Iran's borders. No other nation's constitution claims the right of such extra-territoriality.

We have borne witness of this mandate during the mullahs' 38-year reign, demonstrating that no country is safe from it. Lebanon, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Venezuela - all these countries and others share an Iranian or Iranian proxy presence focused on expanding Tehran's ideological empire. Some seek to do it aggressively, others subtly.

But what should concern us even more than its extra-territorial application is the constitution's leadership succession provision. Why? Because it sheds light on the mullahs' real motivation for acquiring nuclear weapons.

Any well-conceived constitution provides a clear provision for a serving leader's succession should the unexpected occur, such as death or incapacity. In the case of Iran's highest office holder, the Supreme Leader, its constitution does that. But it also adds a third "otherworldly" contingency.

The Iranians believe that the "Twelfth Imam" or "Mahdi" disappeared in the tenth century at the age of five, entering into a state of occultation. They believe he will remain there until returning to Earth to lead Shia-Islam to global domination in an end-of-world prophecy.

The catch, however, is that the Mahdi's return must be triggered by world chaos. Unlike most believers in Mahdi's return, the mullahs believe mankind can be a catalyst in triggering that chaos. This should cause us serious concern about Iran acquiring nuclear weapons - concerns further reinforced by the constitutional requirement that upon his return, the Mahdi ("Wali al-Asr") will immediately replace the Supreme Leader.

A united and focused U.S.-Saudi alliance to check Iranian aggression has never been more timely. Both countries have been distracted from the Iran problem due to the Islamic State. But it appears the fall of ISIS is now "imminent" and the maneuvering of all parties involved in fighting ISIS in order to secure their goals in a post-ISIS world is already underway.

For the U.S. and Saudi Arabia, however, there is little ideological difference between confronting ISIS or confronting Iran. Both are Islamists seeking to create and control a caliphate. The only difference is, while ISIS did so as a terrorist Islamic movement, Iran seeks to do so under the protected status of a nation-state. Ironically, while Obama would never have considered negotiating a deal with ISIS for it to acquire nuclear weapons, he unwittingly willingly negotiated just such a deal with Tehran.

The post-ISIS battleground for the powers now involved there is Syria. Aligned on one side with Syrian President Bashar Assad are Iran, its Hezbollah proxy, and Russia. Confronting them is a less organized group consisting of the U.S., Saudi Arabia and its GCC coalition, pro-Western Kurdish and Arab anti-Assad rebels and, interestingly, Hamas, which lends its tunnel-digging expertise to the anti-Assad rebels they support. Also involved in a balancing act is Turkey which, while anti-ISIS, is also anti-Kurd.

Iran recognizes that how goes Syria, goes its Crescent, and is determined that nothing deter it from that goal. This undoubtedly is why Secretary of State Rex Tillerson recently acknowledged something Obama would not: Middle East stability can only be achieved by regime change in Iran.

And last month, Trump dared go where Obama would not. When an Iranian mechanized convoy entered a 34-mile deconfliction zone around the Syria-Iraq border nearing a U.S. garrison, U.S. aircraft attacked and destroyed it. It was a bold step but one that had become increasingly necessary in the face of repeated aggressive acts against U.S. forces at sea. Days later an Iranian drone was shot down.

There should be little doubt that defeating ISIS is merely the end of a phase, not the end of war in Syria. The only way that can happen on terms favorable to the U.S. is through a united U.S.-Saudi effort dedicated to countering each and every aggressive act by Iran with a firm response on the battlefield-wherever that battlefield is situated.

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A version of this piece also appeared on http://www.breitbart.com/


          ONU preocupada por situación de la Fiscal General de Venezuela   
La ONU calificó este viernes de “profundamente preocupante” el proceso de enjuiciamiento de la fiscal general de Venezuela, Luisa Ortega Díaz, la prohibición impuesta a la misma de salir del país y la congelación de sus activos, al igual que la anulación de la designación del vicefiscal Rafael González. “La decisión del Tribunal Supremo de Venezuela del […]
          Evo a Trump: "Pida perdón por golpes de Estado y no desestabilice Venezuela"    

El presidente de Bolivia, Evo Morales, puso a prueba este jueves el supuesto compromiso del gobierno norteamericano con la democracia en Latinoamérica.

"Si EE.UU. quiere democracia en Latinoamérica, que pida perdón por golpes de Estado y no desestabilice Venezuela. Si no, será otra trampa de Trump", escribió en sus redes sociales.

La declaración surgió luego de que el inquilino de la Casa Blanca asegurara a mediados de junio que deseaba "libertad" para los países de la región, especialmente para Cuba y Venezuela.


          Industriales retiran el apoyo económico a Marcha Verde porque “se han desvirtuado”   

El presidente de la Asociación de Industrias de la República Dominicana (AIRD), Campos de Moya y la vicepresidenta ejecutiva de la entidad, Circe Almánzar, expresaron que han retirado el apoyo económico que dieron en principio al Movimiento Verde por considerar que se han desvirtuado y porque han tomado un “camino muy peligroso”.

De Moya dijo que “las iniciativas originales no son lo que está hoy día ocurriendo.  “No es el sector empresarial el que la está viendo únicamente los partidos políticos tienen una fijación de hacia dónde va el Movimiento Verde porque al parecer las iniciativas originales no son lo que está hoy día ocurriendo”, dijo. Sostuvo que al inicio de la movilización incluso todos los líderes políticos estaban participando, pero que eso ha cambiado y ya no lo apoya.  

 “Había mucha gente del sector privado que estaba participando y apoyando económicamente el Movimiento Verde y se han obligado a retirarse porque lo están acusando abiertamente en el movimiento y ellos están siendo muy selectivos”, expresó.  Dijo además que ya hay 15 personas sometidas y que hay que darle tiempo a la justicia para que actúe.

“Se mantienen atacando a los mismos partidos de oposición, a los  líderes de la oposición. Esto es muy peligroso, esto ya se ha visto en otros países, son movimientos populistas que terminan destruyendo los partidos de oposición. Eso ocurrió en Venezuela, Guatemala y Hondura. En donde los que impulsaron movimientos de esta índole están arrepentidos porque se han quedado sin oposición”, observó el empresario.

En esa misma tesitura se pronunció la vicepresidenta de la AIRD. “Entendemos que el movimiento se está perpetuando y entendemos que es un movimiento que no necesariamente tiene un objetivo claro, preciso, y se puede estarse usando para plataformas. El sector empresarial organizado no está para incursionar en temas políticos, nosotros si debemos asumir posturas de posiciones firmes, coherentes en momento determinados, pero nuestra labor no es entrar todo el tiempo en asuntos políticos. Este movimiento se ha mantenido atacando asuntos políticos que no están en nuestro quehacer”, declaró Almánzar.

 


          Venezuela: fiscal pide medidas de protección a CIDH    

CARACAS (AP) — La fiscal general de Venezuela solicitó a la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH) medidas de protección para ella y todos los funcionarios de ese organismo, decisión que se da poco después que el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia le prohibiera salir del país y congelara sus activos y cuentas bancarias como parte de un proceso que le abrieron y podría provocar su enjuiciamiento y destitución.

Luisa Ortega Díaz, quien se enfrentó al gobierno al rechazar el proceso de reforma de la constitución, anunció lo anterior el viernes en su cuenta de Twitter.

El máximo tribunal, que es señalado de estar controlado por el gobierno, inició este mes un proceso contra la fiscal por solicitud del diputado oficialista Pedro Carreño que pidió enjuiciar a la funcionaria por el supuesto incumplimiento de sus funciones. Carreño también pidió a la Corte designar una comisión médica para evaluar a Ortega Díaz por supuesta “insania mental”. La fiscal además enfrenta una solicitud de antejuicio de mérito para retirarle un beneficio legal y enjuiciarla por supuestas “faltas graves” que habría cometido en el ejercicio de su cargo.

La Sala Plena fijó para el 4 de julio una audiencia pública en la que Ortega Díaz y otros funcionarios presentarán sus alegatos sobre el caso.

El máximo tribunal otorgó esta semana a la Defensoría del Pueblo las atribuciones para participar en las investigaciones penales de los casos de violaciones de derechos humanos, decisión que menoscaba las competencias de la Fiscalía General, y anuló el nombramiento del vicefiscal. Ortega Díaz dijo que desconocería las sentencias de la Corte por considerar que violan la carta magna y llamó a todos los venezolanos a reestablecer el orden constitucional.

La fiscal general comenzó su distanciamiento del gobierno en marzo tras objetar dos sentencias que dictó el Tribunal Supremo contra la Asamblea Nacional y denunciar una “ruptura” del orden constitucional. En los últimos tres meses la alta funcionaria presentó al menos cinco acciones contra el proceso constituyente que impulsa el presidente Nicolás Maduro y la designación de un grupo de magistrados, procesos que fueron rechazados por el Tribunal Supremo.

Tras sus pronunciamientos, algunas figuras del gobierno han hecho fuertes cuestionamientos contra la fiscal, a la que llaman “traidora”, y han anunciado que una de las primeras acciones que tomará la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente será destituirla.

La fiscal general y su esposo, el diputado Germán Ferre, han denunciado que la funcionaria y sus familias han sido perseguidos por vehículos y han recibido llamadas amenazantes en las últimas semanas.

El proceso contra la fiscal se da en un contexto de creciente tensión generado por las protestas antigubernamentales que han extendido por tres meses y que han dejado al menos 76 muertos, 1.400 heridos, y más de 500 detenidos.


          The Real Spirit of Christmas   

Christmas Eve at Oddbins is doing exactly what Christmas Eve should do at Oddbins. The Liverpool store is thronged beyond all known laws of physics, and a sweet-natured queue snakes from the counter to the back of the shop and round on itself to the front door. Who in their right mind would think this was a good time to get the tasting samples out?

CW-Gin

"Ello darli-er, good afternoon madam!" But of course. Hello, Crazy Chimp. "I see you're feasting your minces on our gins, I've got a lovely one here you'll enjoy. You're not driving, are you? Oh, good, there you are, Christopher Wren Gin from the City of London Distillery. Mmm, nice palate, liquorice and oranges going on there, very Christmassy. Handsome bottle too, looks just like St. Paul's Cathedral. So that's two masterpieces with Wren's name for the price of one! Tell you what, I'll let you enjoy it in peace while I go and pop one under the counter for you..." And he scuttles away on his knuckles, to charm somebody else.

Crazy-Banner

At the end of the counter, a whisky lover is being told things by a chimp who has a slight smell of old books and a charming aura of forgotten academia. "...and Masataka Taketsuru, who established the distillery in 1934," instructs Curious Chimp, "was the first Japanese person to study whisky-making at Glasgow University. His Nikka From The Barrel is decidedly high in alcohol - 51.4%! But rather than merely making it hot, the extra abv adds depth, weight and richness, don't you think? Orange peel, cedar, woody spice - true decadence and indulgence, 50cl of Christmas. And the packaging? So stylish. If Blue Note was a distillery instead of a jazz label, they'd have made things that looked like this. Give me a bottle of this and a Horace Silver CD and I'll happily come and make Christmas dinner for you. As long as it's nut roast!"

Nikka

In the corner of the room, a roguish chimp is telling a group of rum aficionados about the time he and his old chum Shifty had to flee to Venezuela in a borrowed Jaguar. Crafty Chimp is no stranger "...heh, heh, heh, and no sooner had she finished peeling my banana than in walks her brother - turns out he was the bloody ambassador!"

Crafty-Banner

"That's one diplomatic incident I won't be returning to in a hurry, I can tell you, but this Diplomatico Exclusiva rum really is something you can go back to without a forged passport. It has the kind of gravitas that could get a chap out of any scrape - brown sugar and liquorice underneath delicious dried fruit peel and toffee characters - and it rather lends itself to be taken neat. Drunk au naturel, so to speak. Which takes me back rather neatly to the ambassador's sister..."

Exclusiva

Wandering around the shop with an empty bottle of Brockman's Gin and a beautific smile is Loveable Chimp. He is trying to get people to smell his empty bottle, and though he hasn't quite got them in the palm of his hand, he isn't giving a monkey's. It's Christmas Eve and his family and friends are all in the one place, and they are in their element, helping to choose gifts and treats for his beloved regulars, and everybody is in the very best of heart and humour. He is surrounded by people and chimps who are giving a shit this Christmas, and this, he muses as his smile grows even wider, is the true spirit of the season.

Brockmans

Although, that Nikka whisky was pretty decent, it has to be said...

Thanks to all of you for another extraordinary year. Merry Christmas! x


          Entrega Venezuela a diplomáticos informe sobre “ataque terrorista”    
Caracas.
          Venezuela: Los mercenarios al servicio de EEUU siguen con sus algaradas violentas en busca de un golpe de estado o de una intervención militar imperialista yanki   
 Imagen del pasado 24 de junio, de un manifestante opositor cerca de la base militar de La Carlota
 
 
Seis personas murieron por protestas violentas de la oposición pro-yanqui. Ninguna fue víctima de cuerpos de seguridad
 
29 de junio de 2017
 
La convocatoria a “trancazos” y posteriores protestas violentas por parte de la oposición, como parte de su plan para lograr la salida del Presidente Nicolás Maduro, causaron tres muertes confirmadas por el Ministerio Público entre martes y miércoles. Otra muerte fue confirmada por Protección Civil. Hay dos muertes más por confirmarse. En total, dos personas habrían muerto por arrollamientos durante los trancazos, una durante saqueos en Barcelona, una en las cercanías de una manifestación en Petare y otra por disparos en Barquisimeto. Un motorizado murió arrollado y luego carbonizado. Ninguna murió por acciones de cuerpos de seguridad del Estado.
 
Es necesario recordar que la oposición violenta convocó para el pasado lunes y miércoles dos “trancazos” o protestas consistentes en bloquear calles, avenidas y autopistas. Las convocatorias supuestamente son pacíficas, pero en muchos lugares se desarrollaron de forma violenta, golpeando y atacando a los civiles que intentaron pasar por los puntos bloqueados, causando heridos y pérdidas materiales.
 
De las cinco muertes, tres han sido confirmadas por el Ministerio Público para este jueves en la mañana:
 
Jhonatan José Zavatti Serrano, de 25 años, fue herido de bala en la cabeza el pasado lunes en Petare, estado Miranda. Según información preliminar publicada por el Ministerio Público (MP), en horas de la noche del pasado lunes el joven caminaba por la calle principal 5 de Julio de la parroquia Petare, municipio Sucre de la entidad, donde se desarrollaba una manifestación, cuando resultó herido con un disparo en la cabeza. Zavatti fue recluido en el Hospital Doctor Domingo Luciani, centro en el que fue intervenido quirúrgicamente. Sin embargo, falleció en la tarde del pasado martes. El Ministerio Público (MP) designó este miércoles a un fiscal para investigar el caso.

 Isael Jesús Macadán Aquino, de 18 años, murió este miércoles 28 de junio luego de una manifestación en la avenida principal del sector Tronconal Quinto de Barcelona, municipio Simón Bolívar del estado Anzoátegui. Según difersas fuentes, la manifestación desembocó en saqueos. El Ministerio Público señala que, en horas de la madrugada del miércoles se presentó una “situación irregular” dentro de un local comercial, en cual el joven recibió un disparo en el brazo y otro en la cabeza. La víctima fue trasladada a un ambulatorio cercano, donde ingresó sin signos vitales. El Ministerio Público imputará a dos hombres, Rafael José Ramírez y Tomás Julio Martínez, por la muerte del joven, quienes fueron detenidos el mismo día por el Cicpc. La investigación es dirigida por el fiscal 20º auxiliar de la referida jurisdicción, Luis Gonzalo Galindo.

 Luigin Paz, de 20 años, participaba este miércoles en una manifestación en Maracaibo, estado Zulia. “La víctima estaba en una barricada cuando fue arrollada por un camión cisterna en el Distribuidor Perijá”, informó el Ministerio Público a través de un tuit. Fue comisionado el Fiscal 4 del estado Zulia para investigar su muerte.

 Otra persona murió en Maracaibo, según información confirmada por Protección Civil:
 
Un motorizado no identificado murió tras ser arrollado y alcanzado por las llamas cuando opositores violentos que realizaban una barricada en Maracaibo atacaron un camión y el conductor, intentando escapar, retrocedió y arrolló al motorizado. Los opositores lanzaron molotovs, causando gravísimas quemaduras al copiloto del camión; el motorizado murió a consecuencia de las llamas. El copiloto, de nombre José Bravo, resultó con quemaduras en 95% de su cuerpo. La muerte fue confirmada por Jorge Galindo, director de Protección Civil, quien sin embargo tampoco pudo identificar a la víctima.

 Las dos muertes sobre las cuales no se ha podido ubicar confirmación por parte del Ministerio Público u otros entes oficiales, son:
 
Roberto Durán, de 26 años, murió este miércoles en el estado Lara, según medios locales. Fue herido este miércoles 28 de junio en una manifestación violenta en las cercanías de la avenida Venezuela con calle 33, en la urbanización Terepaima en Barquisimeto.

 Víctor Betancourt, de 18 años. Presuntamente fue arrollado el miércoles en Cumaná, estado Sucre. Voceros políticos (Juan Andrés Mejía, del partido de derecha Voluntad Popular) aseguran que participaba en “el trancazo” opositor, versión más reproducida en medios nacionales e internacionales. Según otros periodistas, “al parecer regresaba de comprar pan cuando fue arrollado por el conductor de un Yaris que aceleró de retroceso”.
 
ALBA Ciudad
 
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          Venezuela rechaza observaciones de la CIDH mientras aumenta represión   

El gobierno de Venezuela rechazó las observaciones de la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH).
          Venezuela: acusan a exjefe militar por violaciones de Derechos Humanos   

El mayor general Antonio Benavides Torres, que fungía hasta la semana pasada como comandante general de la Guardia Nacional, fue citado a comparecer.
          Goldman Sachs vende al menos US$300M en controversiales bonos venezolanos   

El banco estadounidense Goldman Sachs vendió a fondos de cobertura al menos US$300 millones de unos controversiales bonos venezolanos que adquirió en mayo, reportó este viernes Wall Street Journal, citando personas familiarizadas con el tema.

Cuatro o cinco fondos de cobertura en Londres y Nueva York compraron los bonos de la estatal Petróleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) por alrededor de 32,5 centavos por cada dólar, levemente por sobre los 31 centavos por cada dólar que pagó Goldman, según las fuentes, afirmó el WSJ.

Goldman Sachs declinó hacer comentarios.

El banco de inversión fue fuertemente criticado por políticos venezolanos y manifestantes en Nueva York que se oponen al Gobierno del presidente socialista Nicolás Maduro por comprar US$2.800 millones en bonos gubernamentales.

El banco de inversión japonés Nomura Securities también compró US$100 millones en bonos venezolanos este mes como parte del mismo acuerdo en que tomó parte Goldman.

Bajada: 
Cuatro o cinco fondos de cobertura en Londres y Nueva York compraron los bonos de la estatal Petróleos de Venezuela SA (PDVSA) por alrededor de 32,5 centavos por cada dólar, levemente por sobre los 31 centavos por cada dólar que pagó Goldman, según las fuentes, afirmó el WSJ.
Países: 
Tipo de nota: 
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El banco de inversión fue fuertemente criticado por políticos venezolanos y manifestantes en Nueva York que se oponen al Gobierno del presidente socialista Nicolás Maduro por comprar US$2.800 millones en bonos gubernamentales.
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          Re:"Status de todas las Tranformaciones"( Azbox Bravissimo Twin)   
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Iks:off
Sks: 87.2W Tupac Katari
País y Ciudad : Isla de Margarita-Venezuela
Hora del Reporte::19.00 Hora Local

Obs: Casi sin congelami...
          L'Organisation des États américains à l'épreuve de la crise au Venezuela – Chronique de Cyprien Bassamagne Mougnok   
Un de nos étudiants au doctorat, Cyprien Bassamagne Mougnok publie une chronique pour le  Centre d’études interaméricaines (CEI).
          Trois questions à Gabriel Coulombe sur la crise au Venezuela : journal Le Fil   
Notre collègue Gabriel Coulombe, diplômé des HEI et coordonnateur du Centre d’études interaméricaines (CEI), a été interrogé par le journal universitaire Le Fil, sur la crise au Venezuela.
          La place de la diplomatie culturelle dans la politique africaine du Brésil et du Venezuela : publication de Nicolás Falomir Lockhart et Mamadou Lamine Sarr   
Nicolas Falomir Lockhart est auxiliaire de recherche du Centre d’Études Interaméricaines (CEI) et candidat au doctorat en études internationales. Il a publié avec son collègue du CEI, Mamadou Lamine Sarr (doctorant en science politique), un article scientifique portant sur la place de la diplomatie culturelle dans la politique africaine du Brésil et du Venezuela. Il est paru en ligne dans la revue Cahiers des Amériques latines l’été dernier.
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          Nubiles.net - Dana Vega added to Nubiles.net   
nubiles.net - Dana Vega

nubiles.net - Dana Vega

Added On:

Oct 11, 2016

Description:

Dana Vega is a sassy Latina from Venezuela. Her soft boobs are pillows that you'll want to bury your face into, and her ass is nothing short of perfection. When Dana spreads her bald pussy lips apart, you'll get the perfect view of her soft pink insides!

          Nubiles.net - Lea De La Torre added to Nubiles.net   
nubiles.net - Lea De La Torre

nubiles.net - Lea De La Torre

Added On:

Sep 27, 2016

Description:

If you love fresh 18 year olds and perfect 10 bodies, then look no further than the Venezuelan beauty Lea De La Torre! This gorgeous girl has big natural tits, a ripe Latin booty, and a desire to fuck her creamy pussy until she is screaming with pleasure!

          Comprendre la situation au Venezuela : article d'un doctorant des HEI, Nicolas Falomir Lockhart   
Doctorant en études internationales, Nicolas Falomir Lockhart suit attentivement la situation venezuelienne et vient de publier un article sur le sujet dans le Huffington Post Québec.
          DATOS DE PARLEY PARA HOY VIERNES 29-06-2017   
NUMERO DE CONTACTO PARA SUSCRIPCIÓN WHASAPP 
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NACIONAL: 04246286482
INTERNACIONAL: +584246286482

MLB

Resultado de imagen para METS DE NEW YORK

LO MAS FIJO PARA HOY VIERNES 30-06-2017, ES EL EQUIPO DE LOS METS A GANAR LO DE DEGROM ES IMPRESIONANTE VIENE DE LANZAR 8 INING EN CONTRA DE SAN FRANCISCO DONDE EN 8 INING PERMITIÓ 4 HITS Y 1 SOLA CARRERA LIMPIA, Y EN SU 3 ULTIMA APERTURA TIENE UNA IMPRESIONANTE % DE CARRERA LIMPIA DE 0.72, POR OTRO LADO TENEMOS A B. LIVELY VIENE DE LANZAR 5.1 INING EL PASADO 24 DE JUNIO PERMITIÓ 7 HITS Y 4 CARRERA LIMPIA EN SUS ULTIMA 3 ACTUACIÓN PRESENTA EFECTIVIDAD DE 4.91, LO METS OCUPAN EL 3 LUGAR DE DIVISIÓN ESTE DE LA LIGA AMERICANA Y LE URGE GANAR PARTIDO PARA ACERCARSE A PUESTO DE CLASIFICACIÓN. LO MAS FIJO PARA HOY VIERNES 30-06-2017 ES EL EQUIPO DE METS A GANAR YA ESTOS GANARON LECTORES.

PARA CONOCER LO 3  MAS FIJO POR TODO EL MES DIRECTO AL WHATSAPP DE SU MOVIL POR TODO EL MES DEBE SUSCRIBIRSE


SUSCRIPCIÓN PARA VENEZUELA

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ATENCIÓN LECTORES NUESTRA SUSCRIPCIÓN AUMENTA HOY 04 DE OCTUBRE DE 2016,  A 3000BF POR LA INFORMACIÓN DE TODO EL MES

TRASFERENCIA O DEPOSITO A NOMBRE DE: ALFREDO ALEJANDRO HERNANDEZ MORALES

1.PASO REALIZAR UN DEPOSITO O TRASFERENCIA POR 3000 BF A LOS BANCOS:

 Numeros de cuenta ahorro banco de venezuela 0102 03 2958 0100087639 CI 18822377 - correo electronico Alfredoalejandro27@gmail.com

 Numeros de cuenta ahorro banco BOD 0116 01 1381-0205839983 CI 18822377 - Correo electronico alfredoalejandro27@gmail.com

 Numeros de cuenta ahorro Mercantil 0105 06 7945 0679152121 CI 18822377 - Correo electronico alfredoalejandro27@gmail.com

2.PASO: LUEGO DE REALIZADO EL DEPOSITO O LA TRASFERENCIA DEBE REGISTRAR SU PAGO EN EL FORMULARIO DE PAGO QUE ESTA EN LA PARTE DERECHA DE LA WEB CON LOS DATOS CORRESPONDIENTE


3.PASO: LISTO COMENZARA A DISFRUTAR DE TODA NUESTRA INFORMACIÓN DIRECTO A SU WHATSAPP POR TODO EL MES


CANCELA NUESTRA SUSCRIPCIÓN Y DIFRUTA DE TODOS NUESTROS PRONOSTICO DIRECTO A SU WHATSAPP EL COSTO DE LA SUSCRIPCIÓN ES 3000BF POR TODO EL MES, REALIZA UN DEPOSITO A TRASFERENCIA Y ENVIA EL NUMERO DE VAUCHER O DE TRASFERENCIA Y LLENA EL FORMULARIO


SUSCRIPCIÓN INTERNACIONAL PARA LECTORES FUERA DE VENEZUELA

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1) PASO: ACCEDER A WWW.AMAZON.COM ADQUIRIR UNA GIFT CARD POR 25 DOLARES.

2)PASO: LUEGO DE OBTENER EL CÓDIGO DE LA GIFT CARD POR $25 SOLO DEBE ENVIAR EL CÓDIGO DE LA MISMA AL CORREO ELECTRONICO alfredoalejandro27@gmail.com
          Table ronde du CEI : Le Venezuela à la croisée des chemins   
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          Grande conférence de Félix Peña sur l'état et l'avenir de l'intégration dans les Amériques    
Pour marquer les 10 ans du Centre d'études interaméricaines (CEI), nous présentons avec le CEI une grande conférence de Félix Peña, directeur de l’Institut du commerce international de la Standard Bank (Argentine), ancien secrétaire du commerce extérieur de l’Argentine et arbitre auprès de l’OMC, ainsi que professeur de droit et de relations internationales. La conférence a lieu mardi 18 septembre à 17 h. Mise en contexte: Alors que vient de prendre fin à Vladivostok la 20e rencontre de l’APEC au cours de laquelle la Chine et la Russie ont lancé un appel pour une intégration plus poussée dans la région Asie-Pacifique; Alors que les initiatives d’intégration orientées vers le bassin du Pacifique se multiplient un peu partout dans les Amériques et que les États-Unis, le Canada et d’autres puissances régionales en font leur priorité en matière de politique commerciale; Alors que le projet d’une ZLÉA est aujourd’hui plus que jamais compromis et que le rôle de l’OEA est de plus en plus contesté;Alors que les mécanismes d’intégration existants (ALENA, Mercosur, Communauté andine, ALBA) montrent de signes d’essoufflement voire de stagnation: Quel est l’avenir de l’intégration régionale et continentale dans les Amériques?  La stratégie canadienne pour les Amériques, annoncée avec  pompe en 2007, est-elle chose du passé ou au contraire peut-elle être un levier pour une insertion plus poussé du Canada dans la région Asie-Pacifique? Quel sera l’avenir des relations interaméricaines au lendemain des élections aux États-Unis, au Mexique et au Venezuela? Félix Peña répondra à ces questions et à celles du public. Un cocktail suivra. Entrée libre mais INSCRIPTION OBLIGATOIRE :hei@hei.ulaval.ca Date et heure : mardi 18 septembre à 17 h Lieu : Le Cercle du Pavillon Alphonse-Desjardins (4e étage). Information : Daniel Navarro, coordonnateur du CEIdaniel.navarro@hei.ulaval.caTél. : 418 656-2131, poste 13055
          Nicolas Falomir reçoit la Bourse RBC Banque royale   
Récemment admis au doctorat, Nicolas Falomir a décroché cette bourse de 5000 $ qui l'aidera dans son installation au Québec pour sa scolarité. Après sa maîtrise aux HEI, Nicolas est retourné en Argentine, son pays d'origine, où il a travaillé comme responsable du Séminaire sur l'intégration latinoamericaine à l'Institut de Relations internationales de l'Université Nationale de La Plata. Sa recherche doctorale lui permetrta d'approfondir ce sujet sous la direction de Gordon Mace, professeur au Département de science politique (Université Laval). Plus précisément, il se consacrera « aunouveau processus d'intégration en Amérique du Sud. Depuis le premier Sommet des Présidents d'Amérique du Sud, à Brasília en août 2000, le sous-continent a commencé un nouveau processus d'intégration. Ce processus est particulier pour deux raisons. La première est la définition de l'Amérique du Sud comme espace différent de l'Amérique latine, surtout à cause de l'exclusion du Mexique. La deuxième est le type d'intégration proposé qui va au-delà de la libéralisation commerciale, et comprend aussi l'intégration productive (en cherchant le développement de chaque pays membre), politique (comme nouvelle instance pour s'exprimer avec une seule voix au niveau mondial et aussi pour promouvoir la stabilité démocratique) et même de défense (avec la création du Conseil Sudaméricain de Défense)». Dans son mémoire de maîtrise, il avait analysé ce phénomène à partir de l'influence des projets politiques de deux acteurs clés en Amérique du Sud: le Brésil et le Venezuela. Félicitations et bon retour au Québec, Nicolas!
          Ep. 211 – 2 ICOs coming up, Illinois Is Venezuela, Powerball Pulls Out Of Illinois, PAY Token Is Gonna Go Through The Roof   
In this episode of The Realist News podcast: 2 New ICOs coming up (one looks real good - InsureX token). Illinois is Venezuela and the solution is Cryptocurrency. Payouts over $25k will experience a delay as Powerball pulls out of Illinois today. Why I think PAY Token (tenx) is going to go through the roof when released.
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          Parents of Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela plead for help   
Jason and Laurie Holt are asking President Trump to "push harder" for the release of their son Josh

          Los escuderos de la resistencia venezolana son inspirados por Ucrania   
Inspirados en el “Euromaidán”, la revuelta de 2013 y 2014 en Ucrania que terminó con el derrocamiento del presidente Viktor Yanukovich, jóvenes manifestantes que protestan casi a diario en las calles de Venezuela se protegen con escudos decorados como los usados en la plaza Maidán, en Kiev, reseña Reuters. Los adversarios del presidente Nicolás Maduro, ...
          ONU rechaza violencia en Venezuela pero sigue de cerca la situación   
La ONU expresó este miércoles su rechazo a “cualquier tipo de violencia” en Venezuela y dijo que está siguiendo de cerca la situación en el país tras el ataque desde un helicóptero contra el Tribunal Supremo de Justicia y el Ministerio de Interior, justicia y Paz. “Obviamente nos oponemos con firmeza a cualquier tipo de ...
          Petróleo venezolano volvió a bajar y cerró la semana en 39,23 dólares   
El precio del barril de petróleo venezolano bajó 1,66 dólares en los últimos siete días al pasar de 40,89 dólares que cotizó la semana pasada a 39,23 dólares este viernes, informó este viernes el Ministerio de Petróleo de Venezuela. “El precio del petróleo siguió bajando durante la semana en medio de la preocupación por el exceso ...
          Inspector sha   
Compañía: venezuela.xpatjobs.com de la empresa y la tranquilidad de estar cumpliendo con las obligaciones... De: 29.06.2017 09:04 ·
          Grupos armados atacaron protestas desde vehículos del Gobierno   
Durante las protestas de este viernes en Barquisimeto, en la que un hombre resultó muerto, se había denunciado desde temprano que grupos armados se movilizaron en vehículos oficiales del Comando Nacional Antiextorsión y Secuestro (Conas). Reportes en redes sociales indican que los paramilitares se desplazaron por la avenida Vargas y la avenida Venezuela de dicha ...
          Editorial El Nacional: Pinochet renace en Venezuela   
Mala hierba nunca muere reza el dicho y, por lo que se está viviendo hoy en Venezuela, no queda ninguna duda de que Maduro ha terminado por heredar los andares del anciano dictador chileno que llevó a la tumba a millares de jóvenes que simplemente no aceptaban el régimen militar que se les quería imponer ...
          Esta Miss Venezuela tuvo una relación cercana con el piloto Óscar Pérez   
Las informaciones entorno al inspector del Cuerpo de Investigaciones Científicas, Penales y Criminalísticas (Cicpc), Óscar Pérez, quien el marte se rebeló contra el gobierno del presidente Nicolás Maduro y atacó las sedes del Ministerio de Interior y Justicia y del Tribunal Supremo de Justicia, cada vez son más. Ahora, han salido a la luz pública ...
          Fiscales del Mercosur expresan preocupación por ataques contra Ortega Díaz   
Procuradores y Fiscales del Mercado Común del Sur (Mercosur) expresaron, este viernes, su preocupación por la situación de la fiscal general venezolana, Luisa Ortega Díaz. En la Reunión Especializada de Ministerios Públicos del Mercosur, los Ministerios Públicos de Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile y Perú evaluaron la situación que atraviesa el Ministerio Público de Venezuela ...
          Governo venezuelano culpa oposição por queima de alimentos   

O ministro de Alimentação da Venezuela, Rodolfo Marco Torres, informou hoje (30) que um depósito de alimentos foi incendiado ontem à noite no leste do país, destruindo grande quantidade de alimentos, e culpou os opositores do governo de Nicolás Maduro pelo incidente. A informação é da agência EFE. “Foi incendiado um centro de estoque da […]

O post Governo venezuelano culpa oposição por queima de alimentos apareceu primeiro em PaginaBrazil.Com.


          Fiscalía venezolana cita a ex jefe de policía militar por violación de DD.HH.   
El Ministerio Público de Venezuela (MP, Fiscalía) citó hoy (ayer), en calidad de imputado, al ex comandante general de la Guardia Nacional Bolivariana (GNB, policía militarizada), por la presunta comisión de "violaciones" a los derechos humanos durante la ola de manifestaciones que atraviesa el país caribeño. En un comunicado el MP ...
          La Fiscalía venezolana imputa al jefe de los servicios de Inteligencia por violar los DDHH   
La Fiscalía de Venezuela ha citado en calidad de imputado al director del Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional (Sebin), Gustavo González López, por presuntas violaciones de los Derechos Humanos cometidas en el marco de la represión de la ola de manifestaciones opositoras.
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          Vụ tấn công Tòa án Venezuela : Chính quyền hoảng sợ   

Viên sĩ quan cảnh sát Venezuela, Oscar Perez, người lái trực thăng tấn công Tòa Án Tối Cao. Ảnh chụp tại Caracas, ngày 01/03/2015.Reuters
Thời sự nước Pháp với những quyết định đầu tiên của chính phủ về cải cách luật lao động, quyết định triệu tập Quốc Hội lưỡng viện tại Versailles của tổng thống, ngay trước phiên họp khai mạc Quốc Hội mới, gây tranh luận, là các chủ đề trang nhất của nhiều nhật báo hôm nay. Về thời sự quốc tế, Le Figaro có bài « Chính quyền Venezuela trong cơn hoảng sợ » lý giải nguyên nhân vụ trực thăng cảnh sát thả lựu đạn xuống trụ sở Tòa Án Tối Cao, khiến căng thẳng tại Venezuela tăng thêm một nấc.
Chiếc trực thăng cất cánh từ một căn cứ quân sự ở miền trung. Tiếp theo Tòa Án Tối Cao, đích ngắm là bộ Ngoại Giao. Chiếc trực thăng sau đó đã bình yên hạ cánh tại một căn cứ khác gần thủ đô. Le Figaro dẫn lời một chuyên gia về quân đội Venezuela, ông San Miguel, theo đó, chắc chắn vụ này không hề liên hệ gì với một âm mưu đảo chính. Trong khi đó, người lái trực thăng, thành viên của một đơn vị cảnh sát điều tra, đã công bố lên mạng 5 đoạn video để giải thích về ý nghĩa hành động. Theo viên phi công, hành động này là nhằm chống lại « chính phủ tham nhũng », và đứng đằng sau ông là một « liên minh gồm các công chức quân sự, chính trị và dân sự », có quan điểm « dân tộc chủ nghĩa, yêu nước và tôn trọng Nhà nước ». Mục tiêu của nhóm là tìm kiếm một thế cân bằng mới cho Venezuela, chống lại « chính phủ chuyển tiếp mang tính tội phạm » hiện nay. Trong bối cảnh căng thẳng kéo dài từ đầu tháng Ba đến nay, với các cuộc biểu tình phản đối chính phủ diễn ra hầu như hàng ngày, đối lập có phản ứng rất thận trọng về vụ trực thăng tấn công Tòa Án. Đồng chí của tổng thống Maduro muốn làm ‘‘Perestroika’’ Tổng thống Maduro tỏ ra rất lo ngại về vụ tấn công, ra lệnh cho các lực lượng đặc nhiệm vây bắt thủ phạm, đồng thời lên án một cựu bộ trưởng (ông Miguel Rodriguez Torres) đứng sau vụ này. Thế nhưng, vẫn theo chuyên gia San Miguel, nhân vật bị lên án nói trên vẫn bình yên vô sự, và điều này là « đáng ngạc nhiên ! ». Theo Le Figaro, nguyên nhân sâu xa của vụ tấn công nhằm vào Tòa Án Tối Cao và bộ Ngoại Giao Venezuela xuất phát từ sự bất bình của một bộ phận lớn trong quân đội, bất bình bùng lên với chủ trương tổ chức Quốc Hội Lập Hiến của tổng thống Maduro. Chủ trương bị chính tổng chưởng lý, người được coi là cùng phe với tổng thống Maduro kiện lên Tòa Tối Cao. Những người phản đối ông Maduro – vốn thuộc đảng cầm quyền - cho rằng đương kim tổng thống đã phản lại nguyên tắc dân chủ, được thiết lập dưới thời cố tổng thống Chavez. Phe này tố cáo, kể từ khi lên nắm quyền năm 2013, ông Maduro đã « đi hết từ sai lầm này đến sai lầm khác ». Đây là lúc cần phải tiến hành một cuộc « Perestroika », để quyền hành được giao phó cho một đảng khác, trung thành với cố tổng thống Chavez. Quan hệ Paris – Washington ấm lại nhân ngày Quốc Khánh Pháp 14/7 Bài « Donald Trump trên đại lộ Champs-Elyséees ngày 14/7 » trên La Croix dẫn lại thông báo của Elysée cho biết ngày hôm qua, tổng thống Mỹ đã nhận lời mời của nguyên thủ Pháp, được gửi đến hôm trước. La Croix nhận xét : « Sau những trao đổi khá cứng rắn giữa lãnh đạo hai nước (đặc biệt liên quan đến việc tổng thống Mỹ rút ra khỏi thỏa thuận Khí hậu Paris - người viết), sự hiện diện của tổng thống Mỹ tại quảng trường Concorde trong ngày Quốc Khánh với cuộc duyệt binh truyền thống có vẻ như là một thành công ngoại giao gây ấn tượng của tân tổng thống Macron », tiếp theo cuộc thượng đỉnh với tổng thống Nga Putin, được tổ chức tại lâu đài Versailles hồi tháng trước. Vẫn theo phủ tổng thống Pháp, các binh sĩ Hoa Kỳ sẽ tham gia lễ duyệt binh, đây cũng là dịp đánh dấu 100 năm ngày quân đội Mỹ tham gia Thế chiến thứ nhất. Le Monde chú ý đến cuộc điện đàm hôm thứ Ba, 27/06, giữa hai tổng thống, với chủ đề chính là biện pháp đối phó chung, nếu chính quyền Syria sử dụng vũ khí hóa học. Rút kinh nghiệm can thiệp của Mỹ hồi tháng 4, Washington chỉ thông báo cho Paris vài giờ trước đó, quá muộn để Pháp tham gia. Tuy nhiên, thách thức chủ yếu trong hồ sơ này là cần phải có được các tin tức tình báo chính xác. Theo Le Monde, chính quyền Damas rất có thể đã cất giấu kỹ lượng vũ khí hóa học chưa bị phá hủy. Bên cạnh đó, vấn đề cũng phức tạp hơn liên quan đến khí chlore. Theo Tổ Chức Cấm Vũ Khí Hóa Học (OIAC), loại hóa chất này tuy bị cấm dùng trong chiến tranh, nhưng lại không bị cấm sở hữu, và ít nhất trong hai năm gần đây, Damas đã nhiều lần dùng khí này. Thượng đỉnh Mỹ - Hàn : Moon Jae In tránh chọc giận Donald Trump Về thời sự quốc tế, báo chí Pháp chú ý đến cuộc thượng đỉnh Hoa Kỳ - Hàn Quốc, diễn ra hôm nay và ngày mai, thứ Năm 29 và thứ Sáu 30/06. Les Echos có bài « Thượng đỉnh Mỹ - Hàn căng thẳng ». Nguyên do là sự khác biệt lớn trong cách ứng xử với Bắc Triều Tiên. Cho đến gần đây, đối thoại với Bắc Triều Tiên là quan điểm chủ đạo của cả tân tổng thống Hàn Quốc Moon Jae In, cũng như tổng thống Mỹ Donald Trump. Năm 2016, ứng cử viên tổng thống Mỹ từng tuyên bố sẵn sàng mời Kim Jong Un ăn hamburger. Ông Moon Jae In cũng tuyên bố có thể đích thân đến Bình Nhưỡng để đối thoại. Việc Bắc Triều Tiên tăng cường chương trình vũ khí hạt nhân, nhất là cái chết của sinh viên Mỹ Otto Warmbier, bị giam cầm trong những điều kiện khủng khiếp, khiến mọi ý tưởng tổ chức thượng đỉnh Liên Triều trở nên không thể chấp nhận được với Mỹ, theo một chuyên gia Viện tư vấn Asan Institute for Policy Studies, Seoul. Washington cũng rất bực bội trước việc tổng thống Hàn Quốc ngăn cản một phần việc triển khai hệ thống lá chắn tên lửa THAAD. Phe bảo thủ Mỹ cáo buộc Seoul đang làm suy yếu liên minh Mỹ-Hàn. Theo Les Echos, các nhà ngoại giao Hàn Quốc đã phải nghiên cứu kỹ lưỡng cuộc thượng đỉnh Mỹ-Nhật mới đây - được đánh giá là một « thành công lớn ». Các cố vấn của tổng thống Hàn Quốc phải tư vấn cho ông Moon Jae In cần phải chú ý trước hết làm sao để tổng thống Mỹ không tự ái, thì mới tránh bất đồng bùng phát thành xung đột. Bắc Triều Tiên : Bắc Kinh có cấm vận dầu mỏ ? Trong khi đó, vòng vây siết lại với Bắc Triều Tiên. Vẫn theo Les Echos, Trung Quốc có thể đã bắt đầu đình chỉ việc cung cấp xăng dầu cho Bình Nhưỡng. Trong hai tháng vừa qua, giá xăng tại quốc gia thuộc loại nghèo nhất hành tinh này đã trở nên đắt hàng đầu thế giới. Theo các chuyên gia, việc giá cả tăng vọt có thể bắt nguồn từ thông tin về khả năng Bắc Kinh cấm vận dầu mỏ với Bình Nhưỡng. Theo một chuyên gia viện Asan Institute for Policy Studies, cũng cần thận trọng trước viễn cảnh Bắc Kinh cấm vận dầu mỏ, bởi hai lý do. Thứ nhất là buôn lậu qua biên giới với Trung Quốc và Nga chiếm một tỉ trọng lớn trong thương mại biên giới. Thứ hai là Trung Quốc vẫn chưa đưa ra quyết định chính thức. Bắc Kinh vẫn tìm mọi cách để tránh cho chế độ Bình Nhưỡng trở nên quá suy yếu do các trừng phạt. Tấn công tin tặc : 240.000 máy tính nạn nhân Hôm thứ Ba và hôm qua, thế giới một lần nữa lại rúng động bởi một cuộc tấn công tin tặc quy mô lớn. Mục tiêu là hàng loạt doanh nghiệp lớn tại Ukraina, Ấn Độ, Mỹ, Úc, Tây Ban Nha và cả Pháp... Theo La Croix, thủ phạm là virus Petya, một loại mã độc tống tiền. Một khi đã xâm nhập, loại virus này có thể lan truyền đi trong toàn hệ thống, không cần bất cứ can thiệp nào khác. Tại Kiev, hành khách đi metro không trả được tiền bằng thẻ ngân hàng, tại Bombay, các container trên hải cảng bị tắc nghẽn, tại Nga, tập đoàn dầu mỏ Rosneft phải huy động một máy chủ dự bị để có thể tiếp tục hoạt động… Cũng tương tự như virus Wanna Cry, hồi tháng 5, Petya cũng tấn công vào một điểm yếu trong hệ thống điều hành Windows, điểm yếu mà cơ quan an ninh Mỹ NSA nắm được, nhưng thông tin đã bị hacker đánh cắp và phổ biến lên mạng. Việc vụ tấn công được khởi sự trước hết tại Ukraina, nhiều cáo buộc nhắm vào Nga, cho dù chưa có bằng chứng nào. Tổng thư ký NATO báo động là một cuộc tấn công tin học quy mô lớn có thể buộc NATO kích động điều 5 Hiệp ước NATO, điều khoản quy định toàn khối sẽ được huy động để bảo vệ một quốc gia nạn nhân. Theo Les Echos, đợt tấn công dường như đã giảm bớt nhiều về cường độ trong ngày hôm qua, sau khi tác động đến khoảng 240.000 máy tính. Tờ báo kinh tế lo ngại « các phần mềm hủy diệt hàng loạt » như vậy trong tương lai sẽ được phổ biến một cách rộng rãi. Google – Liên Âu : Quyết định phạt « lịch sử » Trong lĩnh vực kinh tế, quyết định của Ủy Ban Châu Âu hôm 27/06, phạt tập đoàn Google 2,4 tỉ đô la vì lạm dụng vị thế độc quyền, được Le Monde đánh giá là « lịch sử ». Quyết định, do ủy viên phụ trách cạnh tranh của châu Âu đề xuất, nhắm vào dịch vụ so sánh giá cả của Google Shopping, được đánh giá là « lịch sử » do mức tiền phạt, mức độ cứng rắn và các hệ quả của quyết định này. Tập đoàn Mỹ có trụ sở tại California có thời hạn 90 ngày để tuân thủ quyết định của châu Âu. Để ra được quyết định nói trên, cơ quan phụ trách cạnh tranh của châu Âu đã phải phân tích một khối lượng dữ liệu khổng lồ 5,2 tỉ terabyte. Theo Le Monde, quyết định của Bruxelles có thể là điểm khởi đầu cho một loạt các vụ kiện khác tại các nước có doanh nghiệp là nạn nhân của việc Google lạm dụng vị thế độc quyền. Cải cách luật lao động Pháp : Chính phủ công bố đề xuất đầu tiên Trở lại tình hình nước Pháp, tiêu điểm thời sự hôm nay là việc bộ trưởng Lao Động công bố các đề xuất cụ thể về cải cách luật Lao Động. Theo báo kinh tế Les Echos, đây là « lần đầu tiên » chính phủ thông báo về các dự định cải cách cụ thể. Sau một loạt thương thuyết, do ảnh hưởng của các nghiệp đoàn, vai trò của đàm phán tại từng doanh nghiệp giảm bớt tầm quan trọng, so với cương lĩnh tranh cử của ứng cử viên tổng thống Macron, ngược lại vai trò của các nhánh ngành nghề lại được giữ nguyên, thậm chí được tăng cường trong một số lĩnh vực. Theo Les Echos, các nghiệp đoàn nhìn chung hưởng ứng các thông tin mới nhất này, nhiều hơn so với dự kiến. Một tiêu điểm của các đề xuất mới của chính phủ trong dự án cải cách luật lao động là việc phát triển một hình thức hợp đồng lao động mới, gọi là « hợp đồng theo dự án ». Báo thiên tả Libération lo ngại, chính phủ có thể biến hợp đồng này thành một dạng hợp đồng không thời hạn « trá hình », để phổ biến rộng rãi, với mục tiêu chấm dứt dễ dàng hợp đồng với người làm công. Về phần mình, tờ báo thiên hữu Le Figaro lo ngại là cuộc cải cách « mẹ của các cải cách » này có nguy cơ bị đình trệ, do áp lực của công đoàn CGT, và nhất là lãnh đạo phong trào Nước Pháp Bất Khuất Melenchon. Pháp : Quyết định triệu tập Quốc Hội lưỡng viện của tổng thống gây xôn xao Vẫn về thời sự nước Pháp, các đề xuất cải cách luật lao động mới của chính phủ dường như bị che khuất bởi các phê phán rộ lên với việc tổng thống Emmanuel Macron quyết định sẽ phát biểu trước Quốc Hội lưỡng viện tại Versailles vào thứ Hai tới, chỉ một ngày trước diễn văn của thủ tướng về chính sách của chính phủ tại Hạ Viện. Tờ báo phổ thông Le Parisien đánh giá quyết định của tổng thống là « chưa từng có », « thật táo tợn ». Le Figaro cũng đưa ra nhận định là tổng thống Macron đã vượt mặt thủ tướng. Tuy nhiên, tờ báo này cũng dẫn lời từ phủ tổng thống, với nhận định là điều này hoàn toàn không có gì mới, tướng de Gaule trước đây cũng từng làm vậy, cũng như hai tổng thống Pompidou và Mitterand sau này. Theo giới thân cận của tổng thống, Emmanuel Macron sẽ phối hợp với thủ tướng Edouard Philippe điều chỉnh các diễn văn để hai bên không bị vênh nhau. RFI

          The Venezuelan government’s newest opponent is a state-funded orchestra   

Yana Genchova Stainova (TC) : On May 4, an 18-year-old violist named Armando Cañizales marched against the government in Venezuela. A video shows him walking slowly, arms outstretched. Minutes later, he was shot dead. Despite a lack of evidence to determine who shot Cañizales, he is one of at least 76 recent victims of the […]

The post The Venezuelan government’s newest opponent is a state-funded orchestra appeared first on nsnbc international.


          Ballet Hispanico to Perform at Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival This July   

Ballet Hispánico will perform at Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival at the Ted Shawn Theater, 358 George Carter Road, Becket, MA 01223, from July 26-30, 2017.

Ballet Hispanico brings captivating style, crisp technique, and charismatic bravado to the Ted Shawn Theatre.

Ballet Hispanico offers the thrilling diversity of Latino culture-a fusion of classical, Latin, and contemporary dance. The program features the Pillow-commissioned and flamenco-inspired Línea Recta by Colombian-Belgian choreographer Annabelle Lopez Ochoa, set to Spanish guitar by Eric Vaarzon Morel. Other works include Eduardo Vilaro's Danzón, which features a contemporary take on the national dance of Cuba, and El Beso by award-winning Spanish choreographer Gustavo Ramírez Sansano.

Performances play Wednesday-Saturday at 8pm; Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday at 2pm. Tickets are $45-78 and are available at www.jacobspillow.org/events/ballet-hispanico.


PROGRAM:

Línea Recta (2016)
Choreography by Annabelle Lopez Ochoa

From one of today's most sought-after choreographers comes a powerful and resonant work that explores an intriguing aspect of flamenco dance: the conspicuous absence of physical partnering. While maintaining the integrity and hallmark passion of the genre, Annabelle Lopez Ochoa imagines an original and explosive movement language premised upon the theme of partnership and performed to live flamenco guitar by Eric Vaarzon Morel. Línea Recta came to fruition through Ballet Hispánico's Instituto Coreográfico, an innovative choreography lab program for Latino dance makers. Línea Rectais Annabelle Lopez Ochoa's third original work for Ballet Hispánico under Eduardo Vilaro; the Company previously commissioned and performed audience favorites Mad'moiselle (2010) and Sombrerísimo (2013). BalletHispánico also acquired and performed Lopez Ochoa's Before After (2002), Nube Blanco (2008) and Locked Up Laura (2009).

Danzón (2012)
Choreography by Eduardo Vilaro

Danzón has been called the official dance of Cuba. Having evolved from the Haitian contradance, its history is steeped in the fusion of cultures. But danzón is also used throughout Latin America as a term of celebration, a coming together of community and a way of maintaining identity. Fusing Afro-Cuban social dance movements with contemporary and classical dance forms, Eduardo Vilaro has taken this traditional and quintessentially Cuban dance form and reinvented it as a joyous celebration of music and movement. Mr. Vilaro is the Artistic Director and Chief Executive Officer of Ballet Hispánico.

El Beso (2014)
Choreography by Gustavo Ramírez Sansano

Award-winning Spanish choreographer Gustavo Ramírez Sansano (a Dance Magazine "25 to Watch" pick) premiered his first commission for BalletHispanico in 2014. , a tongue-in-cheek look at the iconic nature of a kiss with original costumes by Venezuelan fashion designer Angel Sanchez.


ABOUT THE ARTISTS:

ANNABELLE LOPEZ OCHOA (Choreographer) is a sought-after Belgo-Colombian choreographer that since 2003 has created works for more than 40 companies around the world such as Scapino Ballet, Dutch National Ballet, Djazzex, GenEva Ballet, Royal Ballet of Flanders, Gothenburg Ballet, Pennsylvania Ballet, BalletX, BJM-Danse Montreal, Luna Negra Dance Theater, Ballet National de Marseille, Saarbrucken Ballet, Jacoby & Pronk, Chemnitzer Ballet, Ballet Hispánico, Morphoses Wheeldon Company, Whim W'Him, IncolBallet de Colombia, Finnish National Ballet, Compania Nacional de Danza Madrid, Pacific Northwest Ballet, Scottish Ballet, The Washington Ballet, Ballet Nacional Dominicano, Ballet Saarbrucken, Augsburg Ballet, Ballet Austin, Atlanta Ballet, Grand Rapids Ballet, Ballet Moscow, BalletNacional de Cuba, West Australian Ballet, Danza Contemporanea de Cuba, Ballet Nacional Chileno, Ballet Staatstheater am Gartnerplatz Munchen, BalletManila, Daniil Simkin Intensio Project, Cincinnati Ballet, Silicon Valley Ballet, Joffrey Ballet, English National Ballet and New York City Ballet. In the fall of 2007 she was selected to participate with the prestigious New York Choreographic Institute. Dance Magazine named her work Cylindrical Shadows, performed by Pacific Northwest Ballet, as one of the highlights of 2012. Her full-length narrative ballet A Streetcar Named Desire has been awarded with 'Best Classical Choreography' by the Circle of Critics of the National Dance Award UK, the South Bank Sky Arts Awards for "Best New Production" and has been nominated for an Olivier Award 2012.

GUSTAVO RAMIREZ SANSANO (Choreographer) was Artistic Director of Luna Negra Dance Theater from 2009-2013, after directing proyectoTITOYAYA in Valencia, Spain for four years. Sansano has been the recipient of numerous awards for his choreography, including first prizes at the Ricard Moragas competition in Barcelona, the Dom Perignon choreographic competition in Hamburg, and at Las Artes Escénicas de la Comunidad Valenciana. He has been commissioned to create works for Compania Nacional de Danza, the Hamburg Ballet, TanzTheaterMünchen, Budapest Dance Theater, National Dance Company Wales, Norrdans, Gyori Ballet, Balletto dell'Esperia, BalletMet, IT dansa, Ballet Junior de Genève, and Nederlands Dans Theater, among others. As a dancer, Sansano performed works by Jacopo Godani, Hans Van Manen, Ji?í Kylián, Ohad Naharin, Johan Inger, Paul Lightfoot, Victor Ullate and many more, working for the BalletJoven de Alicante, Ballet Contemporaneo de Barcelona, Ballet de la Comunidad de Madrid, Nederlands Dans Theater II and Hubbard Street Dance Chicago. Gustavo was chosen by the magazine POR LA DANZA for its 15th anniversary as one of the 'Fifteen Choreographers to Watch.' Dance Magazine featured Luna Negra's artistic director, Gustavo Ramírez Sansano, in its annual '25 to Watch' list 2012, and was named 'Chicagoan of the Year in Arts & Entertainment' by the Chicago Tribune.

Eduardo Vilaro (Choreographer) joined Ballet Hispánico as Artistic Director in August 2009, becoming only the second person to head the company since it was founded in 1970. In 2015, Mr. Vilaro took on the additional role of Chief Executive Officer of Ballet Hispánico. He has been part of the Ballet Hispánico family since 1985 as a principal dancer and educator, after which he began a ten-year record of achievement as Founder and Artistic Director of Luna Negra Dance Theater in Chicago. Mr. Vilaro has infused Ballet Hispánico's legacy with a bold and eclectic brand of contemporary dance that reflects America's changing cultural landscape. Born in Cuba and raised in New York from the age of six, he is a frequent speaker on the merits of cultural diversity and dance education.

Mr. Vilaro's own choreography is devoted to capturing the spiritual, sensual and historical essence of the Latino cultures. He created over 20 ballets for Luna Negra and has received commissions from the Ravinia Festival, the Chicago Sinfonietta, the Grant Park Festival, the Lexington Ballet and the Chicago Symphony. In 2001, he was a recipient of a Ruth Page Award for choreography, and in 2003, he was honored for his choreographic work at Panama's II International Festival of Ballet. In 2016, he was inducted into the Bronx Walk of Fame.


Jacob's Pillow, celebrating its 85th Festival in 2017, is a National Historic Landmark, recipient of the National Medal of Arts, and home to America's longest-running international dance festival. Each Festival includes more than 50 national and international dance companies and 350 free and ticketed performances, talks, tours, classes, exhibits, and events. The School at Jacob's Pillow, one of the most prestigious professional dance training centers in the U.S., encompasses the diverse disciplines of Ballet, Cultural Traditions, Contemporary, and Musical Theatre Dance, as well as an Intern Program in various disciplines of arts administration, design, video, and production. The Pillow's extensive Archives, open year-round to the public, chronicle more than a century of dance in photographs, programs, books, costumes, audiotapes, and videos. Notable artists who have created or premiered dances at the Pillow include choreographers Antony Tudor, Agnes De Mille, Alvin Ailey, Donald McKayle, Kevin Mckenzie, Twyla Tharp, Ralph Lemon, Susan Marshall, Trisha Brown, Ronald K. Brown, Wally Cardona, Andrea Miller, and Trey McIntyre; performed by artists such as Mikhail Baryshnikov, Carmen De Lavallade, Mark Morris, Dame Margot Fonteyn, Edward Villella, Rasta Thomas, and hundreds of others. On March 2, 2011, President Barack Obama honored Jacob's Pillow with a National Medal of Arts, the highest arts award given by the United States Government, making the Pillow the first dance presenting organization to receive this prestigious award. For more information, visit www.jacobspillow.org.


          Illinois is the ‘Venezuela of the Midwest’   

"Illinois continued to reward the state's powerful unions with more generous benefits."

The post Illinois is the ‘Venezuela of the Midwest’ appeared first on Hot Air.


          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          Abstraction in reverse: how Latin American Modernists changed how we see   
Hélio Oiticica with Nucleo 6 (1960-63, left) and Nildo of Mangueira wearing Oiticica's P15 Parangolé Cape 11, I Embody Revolt (around 1968) (© César and Claudio Oiticica)
The art historian Alexander Alberros new book, Abstraction in Reverse, which has just been published by the University of Chicago Press, offers a fresh perspective on how Latin American artists have altered our perceptions of Modern art. The central argument of the book is that abstract artists like Julio Le Parc, Toms Maldonado and Jess Rafael Soto, among others, made works that granted viewers a fuller stake in interpretation, which was no longer a matter of passive reception.


These artists "get rid of the 're-' in representation," Alberro says. "The dynamic of connection is between the spectator and the object, who now takes a greater role." Importantly, Alberro says, the artwork was no longer made in advance and then exhibited; rather, it was produced at the very site where the art object and spectator meet, where object and subject come together.



Latin American artists did not always have direct access to works by painters like Piet Mondrian and Kazimir Malevich, whom they admired. Often, works by artists like these were only available in black-and-white reproductions, which led to productive misreadings. In the first issue of the short-lived journal Arturo, which was founded in Buenos Aires in 1944, the artist Lidy Prati manually coloured in the reproductions of Mondrian's work. "When Soto finally saw a Mondrian, he realised he had it all wrong," Alberro says. "He thought Mondrian's work was completely smooth, with no visible brushstrokes and all straight lines meeting the edge of the canvas."



One of the keys to Alberro's book is that he takes a comparative approach to artists from various Latin American countries, which is a shift from the traditional narrative. "Artists like Le Parc in Argentina and Soto in Venezuela were dismissed or couldn't find a place in their national context," he says. "So Modernism, rather than an imposition, gave these artists the ability to speak and be heard in their own national contexts."



The below excerpt is taken from Alberro's introduction to the book.



During the mid-20th century, Latin American artists working in several different cities altered the nature of Modern art in ways that have never been fully appreciated. In this critical transformation, arts relation to its public was reimagined, and the spectator was granted a more significant role than ever before in the realization of the artwork. These developments unfolded in the context of a complicated mediation of the particular form of abstract art that European Modernist artists Theo van Doesburg, Max Bill, and others referred to as Concrete art. This type of abstraction resonated in Latin America not only as a result of European Modernisms hegemony but also because it articulated an experience of Modernity that, despite all cultural differentiation, was becoming increasingly global. Initially, in the 1940s, Latin American artists with Modernist ambitions faithfully adopted Concretism, following their European predecessors in banishing all categories of description and imitation in favor of an emphasis on the sheer inventiveness of a simple operation generated entirely from the mind of the artist and communicated lucidly to the spectator. The task of the spectator in turn was to avoid any particularities that might obstruct her deindividualized gaze and to subordinate herself entirely and without interference to the logic of the art object, enabling the artworks import, its meaning, to be comprehended fully. Vision was the primary means for this model of spectatorship, and any phenomenological aspect of the experience was to be avoided.

But Latin American artists would soon push Concrete art considerably beyond its established boundaries. Indeed, most of the artists whose work is central to Abstraction in Reverse created their distinctive identity by rejecting the a priori generalizations of pictorial or sculptural Concretism and offering an alternative to it. In their effort to imagine art as an integral aspect of an intellectual life that responded to their own particular concerns, they put aside the Concretist notion that the meaning of an artwork is established prior to its experience by the spectator in favor of a concept of artistic signification (as much as of consciousness and subjectivity) that assumes that meaning can be produced only in the site where the art object and spectator meet, where subject and object come together. I call the site of this intersection the aesthetic field of the artwork, defining it first and foremost as an area of possibility through which the spectator constructs meaning, and I focus this study on the structuring of artistic signification according to the interrelationship of subject and object within this aesthetic field. Consistent with their negation of idealist aesthetics, Latin American post-Concrete artists interwove the specificities of the material object and the context of its exhibition and display with the spectators subjective experience within the aesthetic field in ways that thread the work of art back into the fabric of the world.

By reshaping the aesthetic field to posit the spectator not as a disembodied receptor of optical stimuli but as an active subject engaged in a new kind of attentiveness and tactile encounter, post-Concrete artists opened the way for new modes of consciousness and experience, as well as new models of subject-object relations. My thesis, in brief, is that in breaking in various ways with the core dictums of Concrete art, Latin American artists in the mid-twentieth century reimagined the relationship of art to its public and produced artworks to challenge prevailing notions of the interconnection between subject and world, perceiver and perceived, objective reality and subjective experience. In this new con-ceptualization, art was no longer considered entirely autonomous and internally coherent but relationally dynamic, prompting the imaginative engagement of the spectator and producing meaning through this very relationality. The rationales underlying the generation of this art varied, as did the degrees and conditions of subjective agency it actualized, but the new post-Concrete art in Latin America fundamentally reconfigured the aesthetic field and Modernist spectatorship more generally, and the particular forms these new modes of sensibility took are the primary concern of this book.

Along with a realignment of the aesthetic field and the development of new conventions of spectatorship, ambitious mid-20th-century Latin American art manifested a new type of artistic subjectivity. For reasons that are as much political and cultural as they are aesthetic, these artists discarded the traditional, artisan-like exercise of manufacturing the artwork in favor of presenting catalytic objects or ensembles that encompass, and in fact require, the spectator for their completion. If, as noted a moment ago, Concrete arts form of spectatorship closed the art object in upon itself, conveying an idea or act carried out by the artist at an earlier moment, then the importance of the new post-Concrete work lies in the context of spectatorship. Henceforth the artist performs no longer as a creator for contemplation, but as an instigator for creation, as Brazilian artist Hlio Oiticica put it. In this new condition, the function of the artist is limited to the presentation of formal elements or situations to be constructed into artworks in the context of the aesthetic field. This process of configuration and the link between forms of artistic signification and forms of spectatorship are central theoretical concerns of this book. My argument is that meaning does not reside in the intent of the artist, nor in the essence of the art object, nor in its site of display, nor even in the consciousness of the spectator engaging with the work. Meaning is constructed in the aesthetic field, a space that includes all of these elements as well as writings and statements made by the artists and others about the work. In this respect, the aesthetic field differs from the logic of what philosopher Jacques Rancire refers to as an emancipatory practice of art in which the centered subject is fully capable of seizing hold of aesthetic experiences, and constitutes instead something similar to what philosopher Michel Foucault describes as an apparatus of a system of relations that is established among a set of components. My goal in what follows is to study what Foucault called the interplay of shifts of position and modifications of function among the elements that structure the work of mid-20th-century Latin American artists, keeping in mind that with each shift or modification the hierarchy of these constituent parts is readjusted or reworked. Moreover, insofar as the aesthetic field as an apparatus is always inscribed in what Foucault refers to as a play of power, it will be important to comprehend some of the reasons that led to this reconfiguration in the mid-20th century.

Then, too, the aesthetic field as an apparatus implies a process of sub-jectification; that is to say, it produces its subject, it orients the gestures, behaviors, opinions, or discourses of living beings into subject positions. This is what separates it from sociologist Pierre Bourdieus framework of a field of cultural production. Although both concepts theorize a field as hierarchical, the goal of Bourdieus analysis is to understand the ways in which the subjects and institutions that specialize in creating, displaying, distributing, and evaluating art interact, and in particular how the fully formed subject negotiates the social and economic context of art at a given time and in a particular place. The ensemble of relations that structure the aesthetic field that I propose includes the context singled out by Bourdieu. But I understand the spectatorial subject as a position that is itself formed in the aesthetic field. This approach requires paying greater attention than does Bourdieu to the way the dynamic system of relations established among the elements of the aesthetic field are configured, as well as to the spectators interaction with the formal or material techniques that actually make art.

The turn to action and participation in the context of spectatorship in Latin American art also marks a shift to an entirely different mode of social engagement of the artwork. The model of spectatorship that develops as artists attempt to reintegrate art into the social realm by asserting its relationship with the viewing subject turns outward into the third and fourth dimensions. This, in essence, is at the core of what I refer to as abstraction in reverse. To quote a 1960 text by Ferreira Gullar, a Brazilian critic whose early writings are important to my investigation, post-Concrete artists, in their attempt to reconnect the picture plane with paintings need for spatialization, invert traditional perspective and create an outward three-dimensional virtual space powerful enough to break away from (even abstract) representation. The gap between the ostensible permanence of the art object and the ephemerality of the spectators interaction with it accordingly narrows and in some cases collapses altogether. The artwork ceases to be a stationary object accessible to immediate and exhaustive viewing (that is, seen in its entirety) and invites an embodied reception located in space and time. The artistic experience becomes a transitional phenomenon, prompting the spectator to relate with others and with an environment that surrounds and envelops her. But rather than rest in the moment of desublimation, the spectator is induced by some of the artworks produced in this manner to see herself both as an integral subject and as an object of the perception of others, creating new, liberating spaces of sociability. Gone is the myth of the singular artist in absolute control of her creative production. Gone too is the traditional understanding of the ontology of art in which the artwork and its conceptualized essence stand apart from the world and unchanging for all time. In place of these singularities, these artworks posit a relational identity and set of processual operations that are not atavistic but disjointed, having multiple roots, facets, and directions. The subjective agency and creativity of the spectator become paramount in the realization of the artwork.

Alexander Alberro is the Virginia Bloedel Wright Professor of Art History and Department Chair at Barnard College
           Con đường đưa Venezuela tới thảm họa được rắc đầy tiền của Trung Quốc   


Christopher Balding

Phạm Nguyên Trường dịch

Các khoản tiền vay bị chính trị hóa đã làm cho đất nước xã hội chủ nghĩa Nam Mỹ này mắc kẹt dưới những khoản nợ cao như núi của Trung Quốc - nhưng bây giờ một số người lại muốn đăng ký xin được Bắc Kinh “ra tay tế độ”.

Người dân đất nước XHCN Venezuela do lãnh tụ Hugo Chaves sáng lập và lãnh đạo

Nền kinh tế Venezuela và Trung Quốc dường như chẳng có gì chung. Chính phủ Nicolás Maduro đã cướp bóc công ty dầu khí Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) để chi trả cho cuộc “cách mạng Bolivari”, phong trào xã hội chủ nghĩa được khởi động dưới thời Hugo Chávez. Khi giá dầu giảm, nước này thậm chí không thể tiến hành sửa chữa các giàn khoan hay trả lương cho người lao động để tiếp tục có thu nhập, và chính phủ hiện đang đối mặt với cuộc nổi dậy của quần chúng. Trong khi đó, cách nửa vòng trái đất, các trung tâm mua sắm của Trung Quốc sáng rực ánh đèn, trái ngược hẳn với những quầy hàng trống rỗng của Venezuela.

Nhưng, tình trạng đổ nát của Venezuela liên quan nhiều tới Trung Quốc hơn là người ta có thể nghĩ – đặc biệt là với kế hoạch khuếch trương ảnh hưởng trên toàn cầu của Trung Quốc thông qua nền ngoại giao tài chính của Chủ tịch Trung Quốc, Tập Cận Bình. Sự sụp đổ của Venezuela là bài học thực tế về giá quá đắt của hoạch đó mà các đối tác của Trung Quốc – cũng như chính Trung Quốc cần phải học.

Trong vài năm, sau khi Chavez nắm được quyền lực vào năm 1999, Trung Quốc - coi nhà lãnh đạo mới là này đồng minh về ý thức hệ - bắt đầu cho Venezuela vay nhiều hơn. Đến năm 2006, các khoản nợ của chế độ Chavez đã làm người ta lo ngại – Chủ tịch Ngân hàng Thế giới, Paul Wolfowitz, khi nói đến Venezuela, đã nhận xét rằng “có nguy cơ thực sự khi chứng kiến các quốc gia được hưởng lợi từ việc cắt giảm nợ lại bị nợ thêm một lần nữa”.

Về mặt chính thức, những món tiền vay từ Bắc Kinh không kèm theo những điều kiện phi tài chính. Thực tế tế nhị hơn. Không ai nghi ngờ việc Bắc Kinh ít quan tâm tới những thứ như nhân quyền, bảo vệ môi trường và chống tham nhũng khi họ làm việc ở nước ngoài. Cho đến thời gian gần đây, thậm chí việc đưa cờ tới vị trí có giá trị địa chính trị cũng không phải là vấn đề quan trọng đối với các nhà kỹ trị Trung Quốc.

Nhưng người ta tập trung chú ý vào lợi ích của Trung Quốc. Từ năm 2.000, động cơ thúc đẩy các khoản đầu tư và cho vay của Trung Quốc đã là mở ra những thị trường xuất khẩu mới và đảm bảo việc tiếp cận với các nguồn tài nguyên thiên nhiên. Lợi ích của Trung Quốc trong việc lôi kéo bạn bè ở Tây bán cầu trong khi vẫn đảm bảo được việc tiếp cận với nguồn dầu khí trùng hợp với sự quan tâm của Venezuela đối với việc đa dạng hóa khách hàng, chứ không chỉ tập trung vào Mỹ như trước. Nhưng quyền lợi trùng hợp không có nghĩa là Trung Quốc giảm một phần lãi suất cho vay. Trung Quốc cho Venezuela với giá cắt cổ. Hiện nay, Trung Quốc không chịu đàm phán lại những khoản nợ đó, ngay cả khi nền kinh tế và ngành dầu khí của quốc gia Nam Mỹ này đã sụp đổ.

Nguyễn Minh Triết và Hugo Chavez

Từ năm 2007 đến năm 2014, Trung Quốc cho Venezuela vay 63 tỷ USD - 53% tất cả các khoản vay mà Bắc Kinh dành cho khu vực Mỹ Latin trong giai đọan này. Sự hào phóng đi kèm theo một cái bẫy; để đảm bảo việc trả nợ, Bắc Kinh khăng khăng đòi trả bằng dầu hỏa. Hầu hết các khoản vay được thỏa thuận khi giá dầu ở mức hơn 100 USD/thùng, như đã từng xảy ra trong giai đọan 2007 - 2014, và dường như cả hai bên đều được lợi. Tuy nhiên, tháng 1 năm 2016, giá dầu giảm xuống còn 30 USD/thùng, làm cho khoản nợ của Venezuela trở thành quá lớn. Để trả nợ cho Bắc Kinh, nếu theo thỏa thuận truớc đây, Venezuela phải chuyển một thùng thì nay phải chuyển hai thùng.

Nếu Venezuela sụp đổ và Maduro ra đi không kèn không trống thì Trung Quốc sẽ gặp rủi ro lớn về ngoại giao và tài chính. Các nhà chính trị đối lập nhận thức rõ rằng Trung Quốc đang chống lưng cho chế độ Maduro. Chính phủ Venezuela mới có thể từ chối thẳng thừng việc thực hiện nghĩa vụ do chế độ Maduro để lại và quay sang Washington để tìm sự giúp đỡ. Điều đó có thể làm cho Trung Quốc lúng túng, cả về kinh tế lẫn chính trị. Trong quá khứ, Trung Quốc từng ủng hộ mạnh mẽ quyền không trả nợ - nếu đấy là nợ các nước phương Tây.

Nhưng việc Venezuela vỡ nợ có thể gây ra những hậu quả không chỉ đối với Caracas và Bắc Kinh. Là một phần của sáng kiến Một Vành Đai, Một Con Đường (BRI), Trung Quốc đang có kế hoạch mở rộng cách làm với Venezuela sang nhiều nước trên thế giới. Lợi dụng sức mạnh tài chính và chuyên môn trong việc xây dựng cơ sở hạ tầng, Trung Quốc đã nhìn thấy cơ hội để đẩy mạnh ảnh hưởng, lôi kéo bạn bè và đồng thời vẫn bảo vệ được tài sản.

Việc Mỹ, dưới thời Donald Trump, rút khỏi vai trò lãnh đạo lịch sử đã tạo điều kiện cho Trung Quốc trong việc thúc đẩy tầm nhìn địa chiến lược vĩ đại này, đặc biệt là sau khi chính quyền Barack Obama không theo đuổi đến cùng việc “xoay trục sang châu Á”. Nhiều nước châu Á đang nói thầm, và một số nói công khai, về việc muốn Mỹ can dự nhiều hơn vào khu vực này chứ không lặng lẽ đầu hàng trước ưu thế của Bắc Kinh. Nhưng nếu phải lựa chọn là thỏa thuận đầy rủi ro với Bắc Kinh hay không có thỏa thuận nào với phương Tây, nhiều người đã cho thấy rằng họ sẽ chọn Bắc Kinh.

Venezuela sụp đổ là do chế độ độc tài xấu xa thi hành những chính sách kinh tế đầy tai họa, lại được mạnh thường trợ giúp bằng những khỏan tín dụng gần như vô giới hạn. Hỗn hợp độc hại này cũng hiện diện tại nhiều quốc gia đang nhận những khoản vay lớn của qua dự án Một Vành Đai, Một Con Đường (BRI) của Trung Quốc. Lo lắng về sự trì trệ của nền kinh tế, các nhà độc tài trên khắp thế giới tìm cách thúc đẩy tăng trưởng bằng những khoản vay của Trung Quốc nhằm tài trợ cho các dự án tốn kém nhưng không có hiệu quả, bất chấp những hậu quả trong dài hạn.

Trong khi Trung Quốc có thể khẳng định rằng các quyết định đầu tư của họ là hòan tòan mang tính thương mại, thì lịch sử của nước này với Venezuela lại khẳng định ngược lại. Điều đó đã được xác nhận bởi những vấn đề xuất hiện trong các dự án liên quan đến BRI. Trong khoảng thời gian ngắn, từ năm 2016, chúng ta đã chứng kiến những vấn đề nợ nần lớn từ các dự án xây dựng cơ sở hạ tầng của Trung Quốc ở Sri Lanka và Pakistan. Trung Quốc đã đàm phán để đổi khoản nợ của mình lấy hợp đồng thuê 99 năm trong dự án xây dựng cảng ở Sri Lanka cùng với khu vực kinh doanh xung quanh hải cảng này. Trung Quốc đã cấp những khoản tài trợ khẩn cấp cho Pakistan trong năm vừa qua, nhằm ngăn chặn một cuộc khủng hoảng tiền tệ có khả năng xảy ra, nhưng vẫn có kế hoạch đầu tư 52 tỷ USD trong vài năm tới vào các dự án cơ sở hạ tầng của nước này.


Võ Nguyên Giáp và Hugo Chavez

Bắc Kinh thích trích dẫn Kế hoạch Marshall khi nói về BRI, nhưng việc làm của họ thì gian xảo và vị kỉ hơn. Chương trình BRI không cung cấp những khoản vay ưu đãi hay viện trợ quốc tế, mà dựa trên lãi suất trên thương trường, các khoản cho vay có lãi suất cao. Sau đó, các nước vay vốn phải sử dụng các công ty, đầu vào và công nhân Trung Quốc để xây dựng đường sắt và cảng ở nước mình. Trung Quốc cho vay không phải vì có tầm nhìn dài hạn về trật tự thế giới hoàn hảo hơn, như những người ủng hộ họ thích tuyên bố, mà do những tính toán về tài chính: Họ cần giữ cho các công ty đã bị nợ lút đầu lút cổ tiếp tục sống và người lao động của họ có việc làm.

Trung Quốc sẽ phải trả giá đắt. Hiện đã có các báo cáo nói rằng các quan chức Trung Quốc tin là sẽ bị thua lỗ đáng kể từ các khoản đã cho các nước Nam Á và Trung Á vay – những nước này có thể không trả được. Xin xem xét trường hợp Sri Lanka, nước này không trả nổi khoản vay trị giá 2 tỷ USD của Trung Quốc, nhưng sau đó lại được Bắc Kinh cho vay thêm khoản tiền 32 tỷ USD để tài trợ cho các dự án cơ sở hạ tầng. Cũng có những lý do chính đáng để tin rằng Pakistan sẽ không thể hấp thụ được các khỏan đầu tư lớn của Trung Quốc mà không gây ra lạm phát, và do đó, làm xói mòn khả năng trả nợ.

Theo các tuyên bố chính thức, Trong 10 đến 15 năm tới, Trung Quốc có kế hoạch đầu tư 5 ngàn tỷ USD vào dự án BRI. Nếu số tiền này được vật chất hóa trên thực tế, thì đây là khoản tiền rất lớn, ngay cả đối với Trung Quốc, dù là tính theo giá trị tuyệt đối hay trong tương quan với GDP thì cũng thế. Điều đó có nghĩa là, ngay cả việc mất khả năng thanh tóan những khoản nợ tương đối nhỏ cũng có thể gây ra những thiệt hại to lớn, cả về kinh tế lẫn chính trị.

Cho vay những khoản tiền lớn có tính phá hoại, làm cho các nước đang phát triển lâm vào tình trạng đổ nát là cách tốt nhất để Trung Quốc đánh mất sự tín nhiệm trên toàn thế giới. Ở Sri Lanka đã xảy ra nhiều cuộc biểu tình và bạo loạn về những khoản nợ của Trung Quốc. Trong khi đó, Bắc Kinh dựa vào phe đối lập Venezuela để không bị nước này xù nợ. Tất cả những việc này là giá đắt đối với uy tín của Trung Quốc. Chứng kiến những hậu quả của những khoản vay của Bắc Kinh đối với Venezuela, Sri Lanka và Pakistan, những con nợ tiềm tàng khác dường như đã không còn nhiệt tình vay Bắc Kinh nữa – hay chí ít cũng nhận thức rõ hơn về những rủi ro có thể gặp.

Các dự án vay quy mô lớn mà không tập trung vào khả năng sống sót về mặt kinh tế của dự án và khả năng trả nợ của bên vay, hầu như không phải là cơ sở vững chắc nhất cho nền ngoại giao tài chính mà Trung Quốc đang tìm cách thực hiện. Trong trường hợp tốt nhất, nó sẽ dẫn đến nghi ngờ và căng thẳng giữa chủ nợ và con nợ. Trong trường hợp xấu nhất, nó sẽ cho thấy sự tàn phá về mặt tài chính đối với những nước đang oằn lưng duới gánh nặng nợ nần mà họ không thể trả được bằng ngoại tệ mà chính họ cũng không có. Nếu việc cho vay của Trung Quốc không trở nên thông minh hơn, nước này có thể phát hiện ra rằng chẳng còn ai quan tâm tới số tiền mà họ có thể cung cấp.

-----------------------

Christopher Balding hiện là phó giáo sư về kinh doanh và kinh tế học tại trường HSBC Business School ở Thâm Quyến và là tác giả cuốn Sovereign Wealth Funds: The New Intersection of Money and Power.
Đã đăng trên Viêt Nam Thời Báo


Nguồn: http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/06/06/venezuelas-road-to-disaster-is-littered-with-chinese-cash/

          Goldman Sachs Begins Selling Some of Controversial Venezuelan Bonds -- 2nd Update   
Goldman Sachs Begins Selling Some of Controversial Venezuelan Bonds -- 2nd Update
          Cáritas se las ingenia para seguir ayudando en Venezuela   
En la desesperada situación venezolana, otro territorio sumido en una grave crisis, Cáritas está presente en casi todo el territorio nacional y ofrece una tabla de salvación. Una red capilar a la cual, sin embargo, cada vez le resulta más
          Goldman Sachs begins selling some of its controversial Venezuelan bonds to hedge funds   
Goldman Sachs Asset Management has begun selling some of the $2.8 billion in Venezuelan bonds it acquired in a controversial deal involving the country’s central bank, according to people familiar with the matter.
          CASA Festival Joins Forces with Southwark Playhouse and Arcola Theatre   

For its tenth anniversary year, CASA Festival joins forces with two of London's leading off-West End theatres Southwark Playhouse and Arcola Theatre to offer London audiences eight weeks of brilliant Latin American theatre and culture.


The festival kicks off at Arcola with Sergio Blanco's highly-acclaimed Thebes Land returning for a five-week run, ahead of a five-week season of four acclaimed international shows and three exciting new works by UK-based Latin American artists at Southwark Playhouse. Completing the programme are: a new verbatim piece about violence against Brazilian women and girls who live in the UK, a new theatre show about Peru and its food, and an eight-week festival of play readings of Latin America's most exciting contemporary voices.

Daniel Goldman, Artistic Director of CASA, comments, I founded CASA in 2007 to build bridges between two incredible theatre cultures. The importance of international festivals that push our cultural boundaries has never been greater... We are delighted that we are celebrating our 10th year anniversary CASA 2017 at two of London's finest Off West End theatres and we can't wait to share this outstanding theatre programme with our existing audiences and new faces.

Highlights for CASA 2017 include:

Thebes Land by Sergio Blanco, Uruguay (6th September - 7th October)

The smash-hit, critically-acclaimed Thebes Land - winner of Best Production at the 2016 Off West End awards - returns to Arcola for 5 weeks only. In this exhilarating multiple-reality drama, a playwright struggles to stage the incredible story of Martin Santos, a young man serving a life sentence for killing his father with a fork. As their interviews progress and opening night approaches, both of their worlds begin to unravel with shocking consequences. Will the truth be found, and can it be told? Trevor White and Alex Austin reprise their celebrated performances in Daniel Goldman's funny, ingenious production, performed inside a giant steel cage.

Otelo by Viajeinmóvi, Chile (26th - 30th September)

This fast, darkly funny and politically-charged puppetry reimagining of Shakespeare's classic tragedy focuses on Desdemona's murder to explore Latin America's horrific record of femicide. Taking the beginning of Act 4 of Shakespeare's play as its starting point, Iago and Emilia join forces and minds to manipulate full-size mannequins, disembodied heads and Othello's jealous heart with terrifying results. This is a masterclass in object theatre and making classics relevant today by Chile's leading puppetry company who return to CASA after their critically-acclaimed performances of Chef in 2011. Performed in Spanish with English surtitles.

Osmo by Movicena, Brazil (3rd - 7th October)

Based on a short story by one of Brazil's leading female writers Hilda Hilst, this is the tale of Osmo, a serial killer with literary pretensions. While he is sitting at home in the bath trying yet again to write his memoirs, he receives a phone call from a friend inviting him to a dance. As he prepares for another night that will end in sex and murder, Osmo tells his remarkable story and muses with glorious irony on the aesthetic power of horror. Directed by acclaimed Susan Damsceno, Osmo features a masterful performance by Donozeti Mazonas who delivers the show fully naked in an open aquarium. This hilarious and deliciously macabre show, described by the company as anti-stand-up, has shocked and rocked audiences across Brazil. Performed in Portuguese with English surtitles.

UK Week (10th - 14th October, Southwark Playhouse)

Discover three brand new full-length works by three of the UK's most exciting artists of Latin American heritage. The artists are still being selected so watch this space to find out who will be sharing their talents for audiences to discover for the first time. Previous UK artists include Vicky Araico Casas (UK/Mexico) who won a deserved Fringe First for her show Juana in a Million and Tamsin Clarke (UK/Venezuela) whose brilliant Manuelita won a Three Weeks Editors Award. Explore this year's UK Week to see what the next generation is up to.

The only thing a great actress needs is a great play and the desire to succeed by Vaca 35, Mexico (18th - 21st October)

Inspired by Genet's The Maids, two Mexican servants get ready for the day ahead. They cook breakfast, wash, dance and tell stories in a sharp and revelatory piece that shines a light on marginalisation, stereotyping and those who live in poverty with no hope of escaping their circumstances. Visceral, minimalist and beautifully performed, the production explores the fine line between humility and vanity, violence and vanity, while offering up the sacrifice of two very different female bodies to the audience gaze. Performed in Spanish with English surtitles

Mendoza by Los Colochos, Mexico (24th - 28th October)

An earthy, radical reimagining of Shakespeare's Macbeth set during Mexico's War of Independence in the early 19th Century. General Mendoza is returning to camp when he stumbles across an old witch who prophesises that he will come to lead the army. Convinced into action by his wife, he begins a chain of grisly murders that will come to seem endless. Inspired by Juan Rulfo and Elena Garro and deeply connected to the Mexican soil, this thrilling fast-paced and blood-soaked ensemble production exposes Mexico's downward spiral into the gruesome violence that exploded into the world's consciousness with the massacre of the 43 students of Ayotzinapa. Performed in Spanish with English surtitles.

CASA is supported by an Arts Council England Grant for the Arts.


          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          Vụ tấn công Tòa án Venezuela : Chính quyền hoảng sợ    
Thời sự nước Pháp với những quyết định đầu tiên của chính phủ về cải cách luật lao động, quyết định triệu tập Quốc Hội lưỡng viện tại Versailles của tổng thống, ngay trước phiên họp khai mạc Quốc Hội mới, gây tranh luận, là các chủ đề trang nhất của nhiều nhật báo hôm nay. Về thời sự quốc tế, Le Figaro có bài « Chính quyền Venezuela trong cơn hoảng sợ » lý giải nguyên nhân vụ trực thăng cảnh sát thả lựu đạn xuống trụ sở Tòa Án Tối Cao, khiến căng thẳng tại Venezuela tăng thêm một nấc.
          CARICOM deals a blow to US plans for regime change in Venezuela    

Venezuela’s Foreign Minister, Delcy Rodriguez, recently tweeted that the “US State Department deployed its ambassadors in the region to attack Venezuela. We come with renewed vigor to defeat them at the OAS.”

So said, so done. The US Ambassador to Guyana, Perry Holloway, spewed the US false narrative regarding Venezuela in our local newspapers. US ambassadors in a number of other Caribbean countries did the same. It was a coordinated attempt to mislead the people of Guyana and the region about what is really happening in Venezuela, and to apply pressure on members of CARICOM (Caribbean Community) and the OAS (Organization of American States) to succumb to US calls for intervention, with the aim of overthrowing the democratically elected government of President Nicolas Maduro.

US diplomats in Guyana, and for that matter throughout the Global South, are not diplomats in the strict sense of the word, and can be better described as political activists. They are constantly meddling in the internal affairs of the country they are stationed in, giving directives to the compliant neo-colonial regimes and actively undermining and destabilizing independent and anti-imperialist governments, such as the government in Venezuela.

This latest US psych-ops came just after the May 31st meeting of the OAS in Washington DC and just prior to the June 19th OAS meeting in Cancun, Mexico, where CARICOM member states took a firm and united anti-interventionist position in relation to the current situation in Venezuela, delivering a resounding defeat to the interventionist approach advocated by the US, Mexico, Peru and Panama,

Following the June 19th OAS meeting, Venezuela’s Foreign Minister, Delcy Rodriguez, said: “Today we come with the strength of our people who took to the streets to denounce the interventionism of the Organization of American States, we come with the force of the rain of our commander Hugo Chavez. Independence and sovereignty triumphed today over the United States of America, with its brutal pressure, with its gross extortion, with its maneuvers…”

She added that the call for intervention encourages the “most violent, anti-democratic factions in our country,” and she thanked the Caribbean nations for their “deeply principled stand.”
In his letter and articles, US ambassador, Perry Holloway, had the temerity to lecture Guyana and other member-states of the OAS about their obligation to democracy and human rights. He stated that: “The diverse family of nations in the Americas recognizes democracy is a part of our collective DNA. Sixteen years ago in Peru, we underscored this principle with the adoption of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, affirming the right of the peoples of the Americas to democracy and obligating our governments to defend that right.”

I suggest that before US diplomats in the Caribbean and the Americas offer any criticism or advice to Venezuela or any member-state of the OAS on issues of democracy and human rights, they should first examine the behavior of their own government in relation to their undemocratic practices and policies, both internally and around the world, and their endless list of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Trump lays bare sham democracy

The only positive aspect of Trump’s presidency is that it is exposing, once and for all, the sham that parades as US democracy and concern for human rights. The entirely undemocratic nature of US internal and foreign policy is clear to all in 2017. Even that minority of citizens on this planet who still held out some hope that the US resembled anything close to a democracy, have now seen through the façade. American political philosopher, Sheldon S. Wolin, in his brilliant work, Democracy Incorporated: Managed Democracy and the Specter of Inverted Totalitarianism, renders a devastating critique of US democracy and is a vital read for anyone who wishes to understand the latent fascism that underpins the politics of this Empire.

Former US Attorney-General, Ramsay Clark, had this to say: “We’re not a democracy. It’s a terrible misunderstanding and a slander to the idea of democracy to call us that. In reality, we’re a plutocracy, a government by the wealthy.” He compared President George W. Bush to Adolf Hitler, and is on record as saying at the outset of the US invasion of Iraq, that it “will be genocide again,” adding that “the greatest crime since World War Two has been US foreign policy.”

As I watch the hue and cry over Trump’s actions, it reminds me of Adolph Hitler’s response to Europe’s criticism of his policies. He told them: “I am only doing out in the open what you have been doing behind closed doors for centuries.”

A meme that was circulated at the end of Obama’s presidency said it best: “Only in shallow, self-absorbed, privileged America could a leader drop 26,000 bombs on seven countries in a single year, and have citizens mourn the end of his term because he looked and sounded classy while doing it.”

The illusion highlighted in this meme picks up on the public relations stunt that has become a hallmark of the US establishment, and which Sheldon Wolin identifies as a major feature of the “inverted totalitarianism” that exists in the US today. He describes “inverted totalitarianism” as a state of affairs where a small ruling elite (the 1%) have established an authoritarian society which benefits them exclusively. In this society, corporations have corrupted and subverted democracy, and natural resources and labor are seen as mere commodities to be exploited for huge profits.

This status quo is maintained by a sophisticated propaganda machine that lulls the majority of people into apathy. Central to reinforcing this hegemon is a tightly controlled corporatized media, a mouthpiece for the establishment, that is constantly spinning fake news and false narratives, and emphasizing rabid consumerism, individualism and the politics of personality and sensationalism. Wolin, like Clark, compares modern day USA to Nazi Germany, pointing out that the form is different but the essence, that is, fascism, is the same.

Friendly fascism

Tirty-seven years ago, political scientist, Bertram Gross, coined the term “friendly fascism” and predicted the Orwellian reality we are witnessing today in the US. His thesis converges with the conclusions reached by Wolin, Clark and others.

In his farewell address at the end of his presidency in 1961, Republican Dwight Eisenhower, warned the American people about the dangers of the “Military Industrial Complex”, the control it exerted and its ability to, in his words, “weaken or destroy the very institutions and principles it was designed to protect.” This has surely come to pass.

So, before US diplomats such as Perry Holloway attempt to discredit the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela, initiated by one of the most revered freedom fighters in the Americas, the late Hugo Chavez, and led today by President Nicolas Maduro and the United Socialist Party of Venezuela with the support of the majority of the people of Venezuela, they would do well to take a long and hard look at the crisis of democracy in their own country.

Let Mr. Holloway explain to Guyanese and the citizenry of all member-states of the OAS why, in 2017, Africans in the US continue to be gunned down in the streets on a regular basis.
Let him explain to us why the US has the largest number of persons imprisoned per capita in the world, and why the prisoners are disproportionately made up of Africans, Indigenous and other people of color, before he points the finger at a revolution that has lifted African and Indigenous Venezuelans out of debilitating discrimination and poverty.

Let Mr. Holloway address the situation of US political prisoners like Mumia Abu-Jamal, Jamil Al-Amin (formerly Rap Brown), Leonard Peltier and so many others who are languishing in US prisons before he speaks of Venezuela’s human rights record.

Let the US Ambassador focus on the shocking poverty and illiteracy statistics emerging from his own country, before he points the finger at the Bolivarian revolution which has made unprecedented gains in eradicating poverty and illiteracy amongst the masses of Venezuela’s poor. Anyone who visited oil rich Venezuela prior to the Bolivarian revolution can testify to the abhorrent conditions and the repressive measures used to subjugate the majority of Venezuelans, and in particular, African and Indigenous Venezuelans.

Does the Ambassador truly believe that his letters and articles, full of the usual delusional and empty rhetoric, would convince any of us that his government is concerned about democracy and human rights in Venezuela, or anywhere in the world for that matter, after we have witnessed the apocalyptic events in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria and the list goes on?

Does Mr. Holloway think we have forgotten our own history in the Americas and the Caribbean, including the US orchestrated coups that overthrew the democratically elected governments of President Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala, President Salvador Allende in Chile, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop in Grenada, President Manuel Zelaya in Honduras and the constitutional coup against President Dilma Rousseff in Brazil? What about the removal at gunpoint of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide by US military personnel in Haiti?

There is not the space in a single article to even list the US crimes in our region. Just to chronicle them warrants a book. If we were to list US crimes against the whole of humanity, we are looking at a library of books. The US Empire and the British, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Dutch Empires that preceded it, have been without doubt the worst examples of terrorism in all of human history.

In his letter and article, Mr. Holloway advises that “when a government breaks with democracy, we must act in solidarity with its people, not through intervention or interference, but with diplomacy and mediation among all parties to help find a peaceful, democratic, and comprehensive solution.” Tell us Mr. Holloway: Are the examples listed above your idea of diplomacy and mediation?

These governments were not removed because of their lack of democracy or abuse of human rights. They were removed, like countless others throughout the Global South, because they were attempting to free their country from the clutches of the Empire, and liberate their wealth and resources so that they might benefit the masses of their people. Our own founding fathers in Guyana, Cheddi Jagan and Forbes Burnham, were subjected to the same destabilization tactics at the hands of the US government and its CIA.

Empire loses its grip

The US and its diplomats need to understand that with the advent of the internet and the availability of information in this day and age, the Empire has lost all credibility. There is no one left on earth who can be misled by their hollow and hypocritical rhetoric. Do not be fooled by those who dare not speak openly -- they are afraid of losing their visas and even worse reprisals. Regardless of their cowardice and silence, everyone knows that the Emperor is naked. Behind closed doors, even those satraps who publicly profess their allegiance, such as the Saudis, snigger and jeer at the hideous state of affairs in the United States of America.

As the US Empire crumbles, its vampires, who have sucked the blood of the sufferers for so long, are in panic mode because, despite their descent into blatant authoritarianism and fascism, they continue to lose their grip on the terrifying world they have created, as it spins more and more out of control. The ugly death squads such as Al Qaeda and ISIS, the very Frankensteins of their own making, are turning right back on them. As Malcom X observed so long ago, the chickens must come home to roost. One cannot keep up with the number of attacks in the US and Europe.

One of the vampires, largely credited with creating Al Qaeda, a former US National Security Advisor, and founder of the Rockefeller-controlled Trilateral Commission, Zbigniew Brzezinski, in a speech to British elites at Chatham House in 2008, spoke volumes when he said:

“…new and old major powers face still yet another novel reality, in some respects unprecedented, and it is that while the lethality of their power is greater than ever, their capacity to impose control over the politically awakened masses of the world is at an historical low…I once put it rather pungently, and I was flattered that the British Foreign Secretary repeated this… namely, in earlier times, it was easier to control a million people than physically to kill a million people. Today, it is infinitely easier to kill a million people than to control a million people.”

The majority of CARICOM countries are governed by neo-colonial political outfits and even they voted against US plans for regime change in Venezuela.”
The current US administration, like its predecessors, whether Democrat or Republican, is involved in just that, killing millions of people all over the world in its bid to control, and trying desperately to convince us of the absurd notion that that they are doing this in the name of democracy and human rights. Trouble is, no one is buying it? The majority of CARICOM countries are governed by neo-colonial political outfits and even they voted against US plans for regime change in Venezuela. The playbook is old and tired. Donald Trump just tied up an arms deal worth 350 billion US dollars with the corrupt and entirely undemocratic regime of Saudi Arabia, a regime that is without doubt the main proliferator of the ideology of Wahhabism and the movements intent on imposing this ideology worldwide, such as Al Qaeda, Boko Haram, Al Nusra Front and ISIS. All these weapons to a government that is funding terrorism worldwide and committing genocide in Yemen.

And, when the power struggle between the Saudis and the Qataris surfaced, Trump paid lip service to the manufactured war on terror by publicly condemning Qatar’s support for terrorism, and days later sold the Qataris US military hardware worth 12 billion dollars. In light of this hypocrisy and blatant disregard for the victims of these rogue states and their global terrorist network, can you really expect us to believe that your concern with Venezuela is about lack of democracy and human rights?

No shame
Finally, to Mr. Holloway and his cohorts throughout the region, your expressed shock and horror about the so-called spillover from Venezuela’s current predicament was perhaps the most shameful part of your missive: “The spillover effects from Venezuela’s crisis are serious and growing, whether it is irregular migrant flows to countries in our region or the increasing flow of arms and criminal activity that affect the Caribbean in particular.”

This is rich coming from the people who illegally invaded Libya, murdered the Libyan leader and freedom fighter, Muammar Qaddafi in the street, and in so doing, destroyed the most prosperous and democratic nation on the African continent, causing a migration crisis of a magnitude never seen before. Your government handed over the nation of Libya to a conglomerate of thugs, criminals, terrorists and reactionary warlords, and this spillover continues to wreak havoc throughout Africa and the Arab Region six years on. Before you concern yourself with any spillover in the Caribbean, please deal with the spillover from your criminal invasion of Libya, a spillover that only this month reached Manchester, England.

In Guyana, the Americas and throughout the Global South, the masses of people are sick and tired of the same old playbook -- the one that is in fact the cause of the current situation in Venezuela. But then, that is part of the devil’s own script, cause the problem and then come to us as savior, with a solution. It plays like this: the US, through its infamous web of security agencies, NGOs, Aid Agencies, think-tanks and other Trojan horses, destabilize, sow confusion and do everything in their power to overthrow any government and subjugate any people that refuse to obey Empire. Recently, more than 300,000 Venezuelans took to the streets in support of President Nicolas Maduro and the Bolivarian Revolution.

The opposition held a demonstration that attracted 50,000. Of course, in your United States, the corporate media is reporting just the opposite. By the admission of your own president they are the purveyors of fake news and this is just another example of your country’s lack of democracy. The bottom line is this Mr. Holloway: your country and its government is no way fit to point the finger at anyone when it comes to infringement of democracy, democratic values and human rights.

In your letters and articles you ask: “If these things were happening in our own countries, would we not want the rest of our American family of nations to speak out, and reach out, to help restore fundamental democratic freedoms and respect for constitutional institutions?”

In your own words you proclaim that: “The Organization of American States has for decades provided a forum to discuss our greatest challenges and take action together to address them. The challenge before us today is the death spiral of democracy in Venezuela.”

What you say in the two quotes above is correct except for one thing, the challenge before us today is not the death spiral of democracy in Venezuela, it is the death spiral of democracy in the United States and an evil Empire spinning out of control.

You are right -- the OAS should take immediate action to prevent further terrorism and turmoil because the spillover worldwide from the crisis in the United States is serious and growing.

* GERALD A. PERREIRA is chairperson of the Guyanese organizations Black Consciousness Movement Guyana (BCMG) and Organization for the Victory of the People (OVP) and an executive member of the Caribbean Chapter of the Network in Defense of Humanity. He lived in Libya for many years, served in the Green March, an international battalion for the defense of the Al Fatah Revolution, and was an executive member of the World Mathaba based in Libya. This article previously appeared in Black Agenda Report.

* THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM

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Issue Number: 
Article Image Caption | Source: 
AVN

          UN DIA... 26 DE JUNIO   
-1821
Nace en Buenos Aires el poeta, historiador, político, militar, periodista y traductor Bartolomé Mitre, primer mentor de la leyenda de Santos vega; autor de "Las ruinas de Tiahuanaco" y de dos valiosas historias sobre Belgrano y San Martín y traductor de la "Comedia del Dante".

Falleció en Buenos Aires el 19 de enero de 1906.
-1896
Nace en Tucumán el escritor, ensayista y periodista Pablo Rojas Paz, autor de "La metáfora y el mundo", "El patio de la noche" y "Los cocheros de San Blas". Fundó con Jorge Luis Borges y otros la revista "Proa". Falleció en Buenos Aires el 1º de octubre de 1956.
-1958
Día de la Cartografía
Se conmemora por la creación del Departamento Topográfico, decretada por don Bernardino Rivadavia, en ejercicio de la Primera Magistratura, el 26 de junio de 1826. Esta medida de gobierno tuvo la virtud de impulsar el desarrollo de la cartografía, disciplina de innegable gravitación en el desenvolvimiento cultural, económico y social del país.
-1970
Muere en Buenos Aires el notable poeta, novelista y autor teatral Leopoldo Marechal. Su novela "Adán Buenosayres" es una verdadera renovadora del género. En ella retrata algunos personajes de la Generación de Martín Fierro. Nació en Buenos Aires el 11 de junio de 1900.
-1987
Día Internacional de la lucha contra el uso indebido y el tráfico ilícito de drogas
-1997
Día Internacional de las Naciones Unidas en Apoyo de las Víctimas de la Tortura


Efemérides Culturales Argentinas.
..........................................................
UN 26 DE JUNIO COMO HOY

En 1970 murió: Leopoldo Marechal

En 1963 nació: Marisa Otero ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1962 nació: Néstor Rolán ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1954 nació: Ricardo "Chiqui" Pereyra ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1948 murió: Atilano Ortega Sanz

En 1948 nació: Adrián Pucci ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1942 nació: Leslie Muñiz ¡Feliz cumpleaños!

En 1935 murió: Ángel Domingo Riverol

En 1925 murió: Ernesto Drangosch

En 1923 nació: Juanca Tavera

En 1919 nació: Jaime Tursky

En 1913 nació: Abel Aznar

En 1909 nació: Samuel Aguayo

En 1897 murió: Pablo José Vázquez

En 1897 nació: Juan Pablo Navarro 

En 1890 nació: Francisco Elías

En 1887 nació: Juan Carlos Bazán



Efemérides de TODOTANGO.

.................................................... 
26 DE JUNIO

1933 - Nace en Buenos Aires, José Rafael “Chacho” Arancibia, cantor, autor, compositor. Pasó su niñez en Salta. Supo integrar los conjuntos Los Chilicotes y Los Abajeños. Autor de “Romance del guerrillero”, “Serenata montonera” con Sergio Villar y “Zamba de la bandera” con Quiroga Mora, entre más de 90 temas registrados.

1970 - Muere en Buenos Aires el notable poeta, novelista y autor teatral Leopoldo Marechal. Su novela "Adán Buenosayres" es una verdadera renovadora del género. En ella retrata algunos personajes de la Generación de Martín Fierro. Nació en Buenos Aires el 11 de junio de 1900.

2009 - Muere en Buenos Aires, Eduardo Lagos, músico, pianista, oftalmólogo. En 1947 debutó como pianista en Cantos y Leyendas y en Los Nocheros por 1953. Grabó el LP “Así nos gusta” en Trova, con los temas “La oncena” (letra de Goñi), “La bacha”, “Cuando los gauchos vienen bailando”, entre otros. Tenía 80 años.

26 de Junio: Día Internacional de la lucha contra el uso indebido y el tráfico ilícito de drogas.

26 de Junio: Día de la Cartografía.



- Día Internacional de la lucha contra el uso indebido y el tráfico ilícito de drogas.
- Día de la Cartografía (en Argentina).
- de San Juan y San Pablo, mártires.
1483 – Ricardo III usurpa el trono de Inglaterra.
1508 – El Cardenal Cisneros inaugura la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares.
1541 – es asesinado Francisco Pizarro, conquistador de Perú, en su Casa de Gobierno de Lima.
1810 – Muere Joseph M. Montgolfier, inventor del globo aerostático.
1819 – nace Abner Doubleday, considerado uno de los creadores del Baseball americano.
1821 – nace Bartolomé Mitre, militar, historiador, periodista y arqueólogo argentino.
1822 – el Gral. José de San Martín se encuentra el Guayaquil con el Gral. Simón Bolivar.
1826 – se crea el Departamento Cartográfico en Argentina.
1870 – Nace Ignacio Zuloaga, pintor español.
1880 – Nace Douglas Mac Arthur, militar estadounidense.
1884 – el Congreso Nacional sanciona la ley de Educación Común que implantó la enseñanza laica, gratuita y obligatoria en Argentina.
1896 – nace el escritor, ensayista y periodista argentino Pablo Rojas Paz. 1904 – se juega el primer partido de fútbol ante un equipo inglés: Alumni recibe al Southampton. 1908 – Nace Salvador Allende, político chileno. 1910 – estalla una bomba en una función de gala del Teatro Colón de Buenos Aires. 1917 – Primera Guerra mundial: desembarcan las primeras fuerzas estadounidenses en Saint Nazaire (Francia).
1919 – sale la primera edición del “New York Daily News”.
1922 – nace Eleanor Parke, actriz.
1941 – Segunda Guerra mundial: Finlandia declara la guerra a la URSS.
1942 – Nace Gilberto Gil, músico brasileño.
1945 – Los representantes de 50 países suscriben la Carta de San Francisco, por la que se constituye la ONU para el mantenimiento de la paz internacional.
1956 – detienen en México a Fidel Castro, junto con otros 20 presuntos miembros del Movimiento 26 de Julio.
1959 – Cuba rompe relaciones diplomáticas con la República Dominicana.
1959 – la reina Victoria y el presidente estadounidense Eisenhower inauguran la gran vía fluvial del San Lorenzo que da salida al mar a los Grandes Lagos.
1960 – Independencia de Somalia y de Madagascar.
1961 – Fracasa un levantamiento militar en Venezuela.
1964 – nace Zeng Jinlian Hunan, quien se convertirá en la mujer más alta del mundo China, con 2.46 metros de altura.
1964 – los Beatles lanzan el disco “A Hard Day’s Night”.
1968 – los EEUU devuelven a Japón las islas de Iwo Jima y Bonin.
1968 – nace Paolo Maldini, futbolista italiano.
1969 – San Salvador rompe sus relaciones diplomáticas con Honduras, a causa del hostigamiento a los salvadoreños residentes en este país tras la pérdida de un partido de fútbol por 3-0.
1970 – Alexander Dubcek es expulsado del Partido Comunista de Checoslovaquia.
1970 – Muere Leopoldo Marechal, escritor argentino.
1974 – Elizabeth Taylor se divorcia por quinta vez (se separa de Richard Burton).
1974 – El general Augusto Pinochet asume los poderes presidenciales en Chile, nueve meses después de que las fuerzas armadas derrocaran al Gobierno de Allende.
1975 – El presidente colombiano López Michelsen decreta el Estado de sitio en el país.
1975 – la primer ministro de la India Indira Gandhi declara el Estado de Emergencia.
1978 – los británicos separatistas bombardean el Palacio de Versailles, en Francia.
1984 – Barbra Striesand graba “Here We Are at Last”.
1985 – Se estrena la película “Je vous salue, Marie” del director de cine vanguardista Jean Luc Godard.
1987 – El poeta y ensayista peruano Octavio Paz obtiene el primer Premio Internacional Menéndez Pelayo.
1989 – Melanie Griffith y Don Johnson contraen matrimonio por segunda vez.
1990 – se crea en Buenos Aires la Universidad Maimónides.
1992 – Dinamarca gana la Eurocopa Suecia ’92 de fútbol, al derrotar a Alemania por 2-0.
1993 – Estados Unidos ataca Bagad con misiles por un intento de asesinato a George Bush.
1993 – La oposición triunfa en las elecciones legislativas en Marruecos.
1995 – Alemania decide enviar tropas a Bosnia rompiendo un tabú de 50 años.
1996 – La UE aprueba un nuevo convenio de extradición.
1998 – Un 40% de los españoles frente a un 38% considera que el entrenador Javier Clemente no debe dimitir a pesar del fracaso en el Mundial de fútbol.
1999 – El líder de la resistencia de Timor Oriental y Premio Nobel de la Paz 1996, José Ramos Horta, regresa a Yakarta por primera vez desde que en 1975 Indonesia ocupó la ex colonia portuguesa.
1999 – La UE, Mercosur y Chile consensúan en la Cumbre de Rio de Janeiro una declaración que sienta las bases para crear una zona de libre comercio.
2002 – Trágica represión en el Puente Avellaneda de la ciudad de Buenos Aires, Darío Santillán y Maximiliano Kosteki son asesinados por la policía.
Periodismo.com
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          Rogue Cop Steals Helicopter And Drops Grenades On Venezuelan Supreme Court (Video)   

...

The post Rogue Cop Steals Helicopter And Drops Grenades On Venezuelan Supreme Court (Video) appeared first on Freedom Outpost.


          South America's Turn Into Deadlock   
Matthew Taylor, Council on Foreign Relations
Scholars of Latin America spent much of the first decade of this century discussing the causes and consequences of the region's turn to the left, under Venezuela's Chvez, Argentina's Kirchners, Brazil's Workers' Party, and other variants of leftist parties. It was therefore perhaps not surprising that as the left began to lose power in the second decade of this century, journalists and academics began to talk of the region's tilt to the right.
          Venezuela chief prosecutor seeks protection amid conflict with Maduro   

Luisa Ortega Díaz seeks help of Inter-American Commission on Human Rights after supreme court barred her from leaving country and froze her bank accounts

Venezuela’s chief prosecutor has asked the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for protection, days after the supreme court barred her from leaving the country and ordered her bank accounts frozen.

Tensions between Luisa Ortega Díaz and President Nicolas Maduro’s socialist administration have been steadily escalating since she contested a supreme court decision in late March that dissolved the opposition-controlled National Assembly and sparked a deadly wave of unrest.

Continue reading...
          Representante de marca   
Empresa global (America, Europa, Africa, Asia) se encuentra en la búsqueda de personas apasionadas por resultados y logro de objetivos.Atractiva oferta para trabajar en Venezuela o desde Venezuela hacia otros paises, basado en su plataforma tecnológica, redes sociales y capacitación continua.Aplica...
          Dastis y Tillerson analizan opciones para "aumentar la presión" sobre Venezuela   
 Leer
          L’Italia e i migranti, GooglEuropa, Venezuela, Trump: il mondo questa settimana   
Stretto tra un risultato elettorale deludente per il Partito democratico e un prevedibile aumento degli sbarchi con la bella stagione, questa settimana il governo italiano ha provato ad alzare (relativamente) la voce: Roma ha minacciato di negare l’accesso ai porti alle navi di Ong straniere che attendono in acque internazionali i barconi provenienti dalla Libia, per […]
          Regime change in Syria, Iran, and Venezuela creeping towards becoming official policy   
I’d support that in all 3 cases.
          Venezuela prosecutor charging ex-national guard chief   

Venezuela prosecutor charging ex-national guard chiefCARACAS, Venezuela (AP) — Venezuela's renegade chief prosecutor charged the former head of the country's national guard Thursday with systemically violating human rights during three months of anti-government protests that have left nearly 80 people dead.



          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          Kritik Presiden, Jaksa Agung Venezuela Dicekal ke Luar Negeri    
Luisa Ortega Diaz berubah haluan dari pro-pemerintah menjadi pengkritik utama Presiden Nicolas Maduro. 
          Chile a seguir haciendo historia ante la poderosa Alemania   

La selección chilena de fútbol quiere seguir haciendo historia ganando su tercer título en tres años cuando juegue ante su similar de Alemania en la final de la Copa Confederaciones que se disputa en Rusia. El encuentro se jugará en el estadio de San Petersburgo desde las 2:00 pm de Venezuela y la roja de Juan Antonio Pizzi saldrá a luchar contra un historial adverso de enfrentamientos ante los teutones a quienes no vence desde 1969.

Chile a seguir haciendo historia ante la poderosa Alemania

Chile, que ganó la Copa América 2015 y la Copa América Centenario 2016, buscará conseguir su tercer título en tres años ante una joven selección alemana que ha deslumbrado con su madurez para jugar. Los sudamericanos avanzaron a semifinales como segundos del grupo B tras ganar en su debut 2-0 a la africana Camerún, empatar 1-1 ante Alemania y cerrar con otro empate a un gol ante la selección de Australia para terminar con 5 puntos. En su partido de semifinales tuvieron que enfrentar al Portugal de Cristiano Ronaldo en un compromiso que se tornó muy complicado y en el que los lusos tuvieron las mejores opciones para abrir el marcador durante los 90 minutos. En la prórroga, Chile mostró sus armas y estuvo cerca de marcar el gol de la ventaja, pero la suerte no estuvo de su lado. En los penales, el arquero Claudio Bravo fue figura al detener 3 disparos consecutivos y los chilenos avanzaron a la instancia final del certamen.

La roja ha enfrentado a la Mannschaft hasta en 11 ocasiones antes de llegar a esta Copa Confederaciones y el saldo ha sido realmente negativo, al cosechar sólo 4 victorias, 1 empate y perder en 6 oportunidades. En copas del mundo se han enfrentado tres veces y las tres se impusieron los europeos. La última victoria chilena ante Alemania se produjo en un amistoso jugado en Magdeburgo el 22 de junio de 1969 con marcador 0-1. Para las diferentes casas de apuestas deportivas un empate en los 90 minutos parece factible y se paga a +200.

Alemania viajó a Rusia con una selección plagada de jóvenes talentos con los que el entrenador Joachim Low espera reforzar su plantilla para el mundial del próximo año. Los teutones lideraron el grupo B al derrotar 3-2 a Australia en su debut, empatar a un gol con Chile y cerrar goleando 3-1 a los leones de Camerún, para terminar con 7 puntos. En semifinales los alemanes aplastaron sin mayores inconvenientes a la selección mexicana 4 goles por 1 para avanzar así a su primera final del certamen de las confederaciones.

La mejor participación de la Mannschaft en Copa Confederaciones fue el tercer lugar obtenido en el certamen que organizaron en 2005. Los actuales campeones mundiales son los favoritos para coronarse el domingo y que logren un triunfo se paga a +175. En OddsShark puedes consultar todas las cuotas y pronósticos para este encuentro de la Copa Confederaciones.

MA

Categoria: 

          El argentino Néstor García, primera opción para entrenar al Fuenlabrada   

El entrenador argentino Néstor García, que actualmente dirige a la selección de Venezuela y a la Asociación Atlética Quimsa argentina, es la primera opción del Montakit Fuenlabrada para ocupar su banquillo la próxima temporada, según informaron a EFE fuentes cercanas a la negociación.

El argentino Néstor García, primera opción para entrenar al Fuenlabrada

Néstor 'Che' García, entrenador de 52 años, es el objetivo del Fuenlabrada para sustituir al español José Ramón 'Jota' Cuspinera, que ha dirigido al club madrileño las últimas dos temporadas y firmó hace unas semanas por el Tecnyconta Zaragoza.
El acuerdo podría cerrarse en los próximos días, lo que supondría la primera experiencia europea de García, un preparador con una amplia experiencia en el baloncesto sudamericano.

En el palmarés de Néstor García figuran tres Campeonatos Sudamericanos de baloncesto (2012 con Argentina, y 2014 y 2016 con Venezuela), así como un torneo FIBA Américas (Preolímpico) en 2015 con la selección venezolana, que le dio el pase a los Juegos Olímpicos de Río de Janeiro 2016.

En competiciones de clubes, en su palmarés hay una liga argentina (1994, con Peñarol), dos venezolanas (2006 con Trotamundos de Carabobo y 2011, con Marinos de Anzoátegui) y una uruguaya (2009, con Biguá)

Entre los equipos que ha dirigido están los venezolanos Guaros de Lara o Marinos de Anzoátegui, los argentinos Quimsa, Boca Juniors o Ateas de Córdoba, el club brasileño de Minas, el mexicano de los Halcones de Xalapa o el Al Ahli de Dubai. EFE

CC

Categoria: 

          Fallece Luis Romero Petit, uno de los últimos Héroes del 41   

El deporte venezolano está de luto. Luis Romero Petit, uno de los últimos integrantes de los "Héroes del 41", aquel equipor mítico que le regaló a Venezuela su primer gran hazaña deportiva, falleció en Caracas este jueves, a la edad de 100 años.

Fallece Luis Romero Petit, uno de los últimos Héroes del 41

Romero Petit, nacido en Maracaibo el 11 de abril de 1917, defendió de manera magistral el tercer cojín en la Serie Mundial de La Habana, primera de tres que ganaría la Selección Nacional de mayores, hito que marcó pauta en el béisbol de nuestro país.

El marabino, uno de los fundadores de la LVBP, saltando al béisbol profesional en 1946. Formó parte del roster inicial del Caracas, con el Cervecería, pero luego fue cambiado al Venezuela. Posteriormente estuvo con los Patriotas en tres campeonatos, reforzó al Pastora en otro más y cerró su trayectoria con el Pampero, novena que luego se convertiría en los actuales Tiburones de La Guaira.

El expelotero, hombre siempre simpático y afable, se encontrana residenciado en Quinta Crespo, y había sido operado en los últimos días por un problema en la cadera, según información del periodista Carlos Bautista. Lamentablemente, Romero Petit falleció en su casa al rededor de las 5:30 de la tarde del jueves 29 de junio, dejando a Enrique "Conejo" Fonseca, como único sobreviviente de los Héroes del 41.

El mundo del deporte recordará siempre con mucho cariño a un pelotero que lo dejó todo por el béisbol y por Venezuela... Paz a sus restos.

Fuente: Meridiano

EA

Categoria: 

          Se caen partidos de pretemporada del Táchira con equipos colombianos   

Los partidos de un cuadrangular de pretemporada que realizaría el Deportivo Táchira con tres equipos colombianos ya no se disputarán, porque Dimayor "no dio el permiso" para el torneo, dijo, este jueves, Jhonny Suárez, presidente Ejecutivo del equipo venezolano.

"Se cayó el cuadrangular que íbamos a hacer en Cúcuta debido a problemas con Dimayor, que no dio el permiso a los equipos colombianos", señaló Suárez en una entrevista concedida al programa Conexión Goleadora de la emisora Deportiva 1300 AM.

La División Mayor del Fútbol Colombiano (Dimayor) se encarga de "organizar, administrar y reglamentar los campeonatos del fútbol profesional colombiano", explica el propio ente en su sitio en la Internet.

La prensa venezolana había reseñado que el Táchira, que conduce desde el banquillo el entrenador colombiano Santiago Escobar, disputaría el cuadrangular con los clubes Bucaramanga, América de Cali y Quindío.

Pero ahora el equipo Aurinegro hará su pretemporada completa en la ciudad de San Cristóbal, capital del estado de Táchira, fronterizo con Colombia.

El Táchira clasificó como líder a la liguilla final del Torneo Apertura de Venezuela, pero cayó en los cuartos de final ante La Guaira con marcador global de 5-4, y ahora se enfoca en el venidero Clausura. EFE

ER

Categoria: 

          La final del baloncesto se muda a la "Caldera del Diablo"   

La serie final de la Liga Profesional de Baloncesto (LPB) de Venezuela, entre los Marinos de Anzoátegui y los Guaros de Lara, se muda desde mañana al gimnasio Luis Ramos, más conocido como la "Caldera del Diablo", de la ciudad de Puerto La Cruz, en el estado de Anzoátegui (este).

En el Luis Ramos, que tiene capacidad para 5.500 espectadores y es sede de los Marinos, están pautados los choques 3,4 y 5 de la serie final.

Con todo, la disputa del quinto juego dependerá de que los Marinos logren alguna victoria en los partidos de mañana y el sábado, puesto que están abajo 2-0 en la serie al mejor de 7 encuentros.

Los Guaros vienen de 2 triunfos corridos en su patio. En el primer partido levantaron un marcador adverso de 5 puntos en los últimos 2 minutos y se llevaron la victoria por 96-94.

En tanto que en el segundo dominaron el marcador desde el primer cuarto y ganaron el duelo por 99-85.

Pero ahora enfrentarán los partidos como visitantes, en una sede conocida por la fogosidad de los fanáticos, y con la condición de haber efectuado un largo viaje de casi 690 kilómetros por carretera hasta Puerto La Cruz, según reveló hoy el jugador Heissler Guillent.

Para los Guaros será importante el accionar del estadounidense y exjugador de la NBA Nate Robinson y del base José "Grillito" Vargas.

Robinson marcó 27 puntos en el primer juego, pero tuvo problemas con las faltas personales en el segundo y solo aportó 3 unidades en ese choque.

Y justo en el segundo careo Vargas tomó la responsabilidad y se apuntó 17 enteros, para liderar la ofensiva de su equipo.

Marinos, por su parte, cimentará sus esperanzas en el menor de los hermanos Vargas, Gregory, quien en el segundo juego encestó 22 unidades, y en los estadounidenses Michael Kicks y Christopher Massie.

- Próximos partidos de la serie final:

30.06

Marinos - Guaros (19:30 horas locales / 23:30 GMT)

01.07

Marinos - Guaros (19:00 horas locales / 23:00 GMT)

02.07

Marinos - Guaros (18:00 horas locales / 22:00 GMT). EFE

ER

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          Caracas FC quiere revivir viejas glorias ante Monagas SC   

El Caracas FC buscará este domingo su primer título desde el 2010 cuando reciba al Monagas SC en el Estadio Olímpico de la Universidad Central de Venezuela para el partido de vuelta de la final del torneo apertura 2017 del fútbol venezolano. El pitazo inicial será a las 5:00 pm y los dirigidos por Noel "Chita" Sanvicente necesitan una victoria por más de un gol para alzarse como los monarcas del certamen. Los "demonios rojos" parten como favoritos para hacer valer su localía y que lo logren se paga -160.

Caracas FC quiere revivir viejas glorias ante Monagas SC

Los capitalinos llegan a este partido de vuelta con sus ilusiones intactas de alzarse como monarcas del apertura 2017 en buena parte gracias a su arquero Wuilker Faríñez quien demostró, una vez más, por qué es considerado el futuro del arco vinotinto, evitando que Monagas SC sacara una mayor ventaja en el encuentro de ida disputado el domingo pasado en el Monumental de Maturín. Los azulgrana dominaron todo el partido y gozaron de varias situaciones de gol pero sólo el juvenil Samuel Barberi pudo vencer la resistencia del arquero vinotinto para poner el 1-0 a los 46 minutos de juego y poner a celebrar a las más de 31.000 almas que asistieron a ver a los guerreros del Guarapiche tratar de obtener un resultado positivo en su primera participación en un juego de finales.

En la ronda regular del torneo apertura el Caracas FC fue de menos a más para terminar en la quinta posición de la tabla con 28 puntos al ganar 7 juegos, empatar otros 7 y perder 3. Como locales no perdieron al acumular 16 puntos con 4 triunfos y 4 empates. Para coronarse este domingo, los capitalinos deben ganar por diferencia mayor a un gol, derrota o empate le dejan con las manos vacías, mientras que una victoria por la mínima obligarían a la definición por tiros desde el punto penal. Para las diferentes casas de apuestas deportivas el empate en este encuentro es poco factible y se paga a +275.

Los últimos 10 enfrentamientos entre ambos por el campeonato antes del juego de ida del pasado domingo registran 7 festejos para Caracas, apenas 1 para Monagas y 2 empates. El último de estos choques se produjo en la primera jornada del torneo, el 29 de enero de este año, el resultado final fue un empate a un gol por lado con anotaciones de Javier García para los de Jhonny Ferreira y Andrés Sánchez para Caracas, el encuentro tuvo lugar en el Monumental de Maturín. La última vez que se enfrentaron en llaves de ida y vuelta se remonta al 2016 y los rojos del Ávila se impusieron con autoridad 0-4 de visitantes y 4-1 como locales.

Monagas SC deberá lidiar con la baja de su principal figura ofensiva, Luis "Cariaco" González, suspendido por acumulación de tarjetas amarillas. Para los apostadores de OddsShark un triunfo azulgrana en la capital será complicado y se paga a +260.

Categoria: 

          Oposición venezolana exige liberación de estudiantes detenidos en protesta   
Caracas, EF.- Dirigentes de la oposición venezolana exigieron hoy a las autoridades la liberación de la veintena de estudiantes detenidos este jueves por la policía mientras participaban en una marcha en Caracas contra la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente (ANC) impulsada por el Gobierno. Un grupo de políticos opositores se concentró junto a familiares y representantes de la Universidad Simón Bolívar (USB) en El Helicoide, la sede del Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia Nacional (Sebin) en la capital, donde se encuentran detenidos los jóvenes. El diputado opositor Teodoro Campos aseguró en un comunicado que los estudiantes cuentan con el respaldo de los parlamentarios, y denunció que los funcionarios del Sebin no les permitieron entrar en el edificio para comprobar el estado de los jóvenes. Campos adelantó que los diputados opositores elaborarán un expediente sobre el caso para pedir a la Fiscalía que investigue unos arrestos que, en su opinión, se produjeron “fuera del marco legal”. Además, detalló que “los detenidos fueron obligados a subirse en un camión de carga sin ningún tipo de ventilación y esperaron que este vehículo se llenara con los efectos de gases lacrimógenos para cerrar con candado las puertas”. El diputado criticó también al defensor del pueblo, Tarek William Saab, por no haber solicitado privativa de libertad de los policías que hicieron las detenciones, a los que acusó de aplicar “tratos crueles” a los universitarios. Junto a Campos se encontraba el presidente de la Federación de Centros de Estudiantes de la Universidad Simón Bolívar (FCE-USB), Daniel Ascanio, quien afirmó que los detenidos han sido visitados por familiares y se encuentran bien. Ascanio anunció en su cuenta de Twitter la liberación de dos de los estudiantes presos, y cifró en 17 el número de jóvenes que continúan detenidos. Efe pudo constatar ayer cómo al menos 20 jóvenes fueron detenidos por la Policía Nacional Bolivariana (PNB) en el municipio caraqueño de Chacao, y subidos después a un camión de carga para ser trasladados hasta los calabozos. Según la ONG Foro Penal, un total de 3.529 han sido arrestadas desde que comenzara el pasado 1 de abril en Venezuela la ola de manifestaciones contra el Gobierno, y casi 1.200 de estos detenidos siguen presos en las cárceles. La ONG ha registrado asimismo 415 casos de civiles enjuiciados por tribunales militares, de los que 245 están “privados de libertad”. Un total de 80 personas, según la Fiscalía, han muerto en el país caribeño en las manifestaciones a favor y en contra del Gobierno de los últimos 90 días.
          The Latest: Venezuela leader promotes investigated officer   
The latest on Venezuela's political crisis (all times local): 8:15 p.m. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro is promoting an intelligence chief being investigated for human rights abuses to be chief of … Click to Continue »
          Al Latinfiexpo è tempo di Venezuela   
Domenica 2 luglio dalle ore 19.30, Latinfiexpo inaugura la settimana dedicata al Venezuela alla presenza del Console Onorario Luis Martinez, delle autorità istituzionali del comune di Busto Arsizio e dei rappresentanti della Camera i Commercio della provincia di Varese. Il programma prevede l’esibizione del cantante venezuelano Marcial Luna che proporrà musica folkloristica “Llanera” il genere […]
          Acusan a fiscal de dirigir supuesto golpe de Estado en Venezuela   
El vicepresidente venezolano, Tareck El Aissami, acusó hoy a la fiscal general del país, Luisa Ortega Díaz, de dirigir un supuesto golpe de Estado contra el Gobierno del presidente Nicolás Maduro. “El Ministerio Público y la señora Ortega Díaz dirige o forma parte de un golpe de Estado y así lo denunciamos ante el mundo entero y salimos en defensa de la Fuerza Armada Nacional Bolivariana (FANB)”, dijo El Aissami en contacto telefónico con el canal estatal VTV. Estas declaraciones se producen en medio del distanciamiento que ha tenido la fiscal con el Gobierno y luego de que el Ministerio Público citara en calidad de imputado al jefe de inteligencia, Gustavo González López, y al excomandante de la policía militarizada, Antonio Benavides, por presunta violación de derechos humanos. EFE (I)
          Venezuela: fallece joven herido hace 17 días, subiendo a 81 los muertos   
Caracas.- El Ministerio Público de Venezuela informó hoy del fallecimiento de un joven que fue herido durante una manifestación en el estado Mérida (oeste) el pasado 13 de junio, específicamente en el sector Pie del Llano de esa entidad, con lo que la cifra de muertos asciende a 81. En un comunicado el organismo indicó que investiga la muerte de Eduardo José Márquez Albarrán de 20 años, un estudiante de Turismo de la Universidad Politécnica de Mérida, que falleció la tarde de este viernes 30 de junio. El joven falleció “luego de permanecer hospitalizado desde el 13 de junio de este año cuando fue herido durante una manifestación” cuando “también resultó muerto el supervisor jefe de la policía de esa entidad federal, Douglas Acevedo Sánchez” de 45 años, señaló la Fiscalía. Durante esa manifestación, prosigue la nota oficial, también fueron heridos un oficial de la policía de ese estado y otro civil, quienes aún se encuentran en recuperación. “Los testigos del hecho relataron que un grupo de desconocidos disparó contra las personas que manifestaban en el sector Pie del Llano, acción que dejó como consecuencia el hecho narrado“, añade el Ministerio Público. Márquez Albarrán se convirtió en la víctima mortal [...]
          Miss Venezuela, sesenta años reinando la belleza   

Todo empezó en 1952 cuando la aerolínea americana Pan Am puso su mirada en la exuberancia venezolana y decidió patrocinar a una representante del país para el concurso de Miss Universo, que se inauguraba ese mismo año en California (EE.UU.).

Con ese objetivo, los primeros certámenes del Miss Venezuela fueron relativamente improvisados y, tras una breve interrupción en el ecuador de la dictadura de Marcos Pérez Jiménez (1952-1958), en 1962 llegó su gran salto: su estreno como programa de televisión.

Por esa época, un desconocido Osmel Sousa empezaba a tomar contacto con el concurso como diseñador de moda pasando a ser, a partir de 1981, el presidente que revolucionó el certamen de la mano de la nueva organización del magnate Gustavo Cisneros.

Bajo la presidencia de más de tres décadas del llamado Zar de la Belleza, el Miss Venezuela ha coronado a cinco Miss Universo y seis Miss Mundo y se ha convertido en uno de los negocios más lucrativos y eficientes del país, con el permiso del petróleo.

REQUISITOS PARA SER MISS.
 
Pero ¿qué hace falta para ser una miss? Osmel Sousa no tiene dudas: "Belleza", y repite, "be-lle-za", pero también "personalidad". "Yo siempre digo que cuando una muchacha llega a mi oficina, yo siento un golpe. Esto es lo que hace falta", señala el empresario, nacido hace 66 años en Cuba, y quien ostenta el récord Guinness por haber coronado a dos venezolanas de forma consecutiva en el concurso de Miss Universo: a Dayana Mendoza, en 2008, y Stefanía Fernández, en 2009.

Sousa explica que busca la "armonía perfecta" en las chicas y usa en muchas ocasiones la imagen de un diamante en bruto para referirse a las participantes del certamen, a las que pule, si es necesario en el quirófano, hasta hacer relucir su belleza.

"Esto no es un concurso de naturaleza ni de naturalidad, es un concurso de belleza y pues hay que recurrir a lo que sea necesario para que la mujer sea bella o más bella todavía de lo que es", apunta definiéndose como un defensor "a capa y espada" de la cirugía estética.

Todo en el concurso está bajo su criterio, desde la elección de las candidatas, el uso del bisturí o los profesores y siempre, admite, bajo un criterio de "hiperexigencia".

Capitanear la época dorada del Miss Venezuela le ha costado a Sousa muchas horas de trabajo y "cuatro arterias obstruidas", pero él dice que seguirá al frente del concurso "hasta que el cuerpo aguante".
 
DISCIPLINA MILITAR.

"Somos militares en tacones", admite entre risas María Veliz, Miss Venezuela Mundo 2009 y ahora directora del centro de estética-spa Perfect 10 del que Osmel Sousa es socio.

"El Miss Venezuela es una organización donde necesitas mucha disciplina y muchísima organización para poder aguantar el trote que te genera el estar siempre bella, elegante, sonriente y aprendiendo", comenta la empresaria, ejemplo del trampolín profesional que puede llegar a ser el concurso.

Estrictas dietas, fuertes rutinas deportivas, clases de pasarela, de oratoria y algún que otro desfile por el quirófano son parte de las recetas del Miss Venezuela.

Aunque es difícil descubrir la fórmula mágica del negocio, ya que los periodistas tienen vetado el acceso al espacio donde se preparan, la llamada Quinta Miss Venezuela, los profesores de la casa o las mismas chicas dan pistas sobre la fuerte presión a la que son sometidas.

Los preparadores físicos del concurso, Richard Linares y Luis Arguinzones, aseguran que las chicas comen de cuatro a cinco veces "obviamente en porciones pequeñas" y tienen prohibido dulces, lácteos, harinas y alcohol.

"Una mujer de 1,80 no puede pesar más de 60 kilos", señala Richard al precisar que las chicas pasan por la báscula "por lo menos" dos veces por semana y son regañadas si engordan medio kilo.

La oratoria tampoco escapa de la formación de las chicas, ya que la entrevista del jurado y la temida pregunta sorpresa en el escenario representan dos de los cinco puntos del concurso.

El profesor de esa materia, el catedrático y humorista José Rafael Briceño, confiesa que la pregunta es muy difícil de preparar porque "hay mucha evidencia en Youtube de que puedes estrellarte", por lo que graba 116 preguntas tipo "con un espacio en blanco para que las chicas las hagan en la caminadora".

Este año, 24 jóvenes venezolanas se prepararon en la Quinta para disputarse la ansiada corona de Miss que quedó, finalmente, a manos de María Gabriela Isler, una licenciada en gerencia de 24 años.

ESCUELA DE MISSES.

Convertirse en Miss Venezuela es el sueño de miles y miles de niñas en este país, donde las academias de modelos se cuentan por decenas y se llegan a celebrar hasta 600 concursos de belleza anuales.

Desde los cuatro años, centenares de venezolanas invierten horas de esfuerzo para ser flamantes reinas de belleza, abriéndose paso al mundo del espectáculo, de la televisión y de la fama.

"Este es un país de misses, está en nuestras costumbres", indica Gisselle Reyes, profesora de pasarela del Miss Venezuela y directora de la academia Gisselle's, famosa por haber preparado varias reinas de belleza como la ganadora de 2010, Vanessa Goncalves.

Del mismo modo que se hace en las 200 academias del país, en Gisselle's no solo se prepara a aspirantes al concurso mayor sino que también se instruye a chicas desde temprana edad en elegancia, oratoria, imagen, foto-pose o cultura general que sueñan con hacerse con el Teen Model Venezuela -el concurso más importante para niños- o protagonizar anuncios publicitarios.

La pequeña Geraldine, de ocho años, está en el grupo infantil y junto a otra decena de compañeras de entre cinco y nueve años escucha atenta a la profesora de protocolo e imagen, Wendy, que les enseña como sentarse, en qué lado de la silla deben colocar el bolso o cómo agarrar una copa de vino o de brandy.

Más tarde les toca la sesión de foto-pose. Frente al espejo y con animada música de fondo, las niñas ensayan varias posturas que les indica Wendy mientras les dice: "felices", "coquetas", "sorprendidas", para hacerlas acabar con un "aplauso de Miss".

"Metí a mis hijas aquí porque les gusta mucho el modelaje y más que todo para que ellas se desenvuelvan. Les da mucha seguridad, mucha presencia. La verdad, ha sido maravilloso", dice Bebe Von Stockhausen, madre de tres alumnas de nueve, ocho y seis años, y ella misma aspirante al concurso para adultos Señora Venezuela.

La afamada fábrica de misses venezolana ha hecho que academias como la de Katty Pulido, en Maracay (centro del país), reciban anualmente la visita de candidatas extranjeras que quieren prepararse para el Miss Universo, como lo hicieron la Miss española Paula Guilló (2010) o las representantes de Italia, Argentina, Bolivia o Chile.

Lejos de considerarse un premio superficial, el Miss Venezuela es para muchos un orgullo patrio y un símbolo nacional que presume de haber coronado, ni más ni menos que, seis Miss Universo, seis Miss Mundo, seis Miss Internacional y una Miss Tierra.
 ...

          Subir as paradas...à custa de noticias falsas.   
 O jornal espanhol El Mundo publicou notícias sobre os incêndios que queimaram a reputação política de alguns, com queimaduras ainda escondidas sob a gaze dos media nacionais, escrevendo isto:

A desastrosa gestão da tragédia pode pôr fim à carreira política de António Costa”. Assim começa um artigo do jornal madrileno sobre os incêndios em Portugal e o de Pedrógão Grande em particular, onde combatem 80 bombeiros espanhóis, apoiados por dois aviões Canadair enviados pelo país vizinho. O “El Mundo” fala ainda num “aluvião” de criticas ao primeiro-ministro e à ministra da Administração Interna, pela descoordenação no combate às chamas

Como o El Mundo não é um blog qualquer, a quem poucos ligam ou dão importância, o atrevimento em colocar em causa a actuação política do geringonço nº 1, no caso concreto, provocou logo tremideira cujas ondas de choque ainda se farão sentir nos próximos dias.

E por isso já saíram à liça os mastins de protecção que se encarregam agora de ladrar ao jornal madrileno. Assim, subindo a parada das apostas na manutenção dos geringonços, sem demissões à vista:

 Sapo24:
O Sindicato dos Jornalistas divulgou hoje um comunicado acerca da polémica nascida nas redes sociais e blogues e noticiada em alguns meios de comunicação social acerca da cobertura pelo jornal espanhol dos incêndios em Portugal, nomeadamente sobre as implicações políticas, e a existência do jornalista Sebastião Pereira, que assinava as reportagens do El Mundo.
O Sindicato diz que contactou em Portugal a Comissão da Carteira Profissional de Jornalista, que confirmou não haver registo do nome Sebastião Pereira, e também a publicação espanhola, que informou de que se trata de um profissional que já conhece e que assinou as peças noticiosas com pseudónimo.
"Nada fizemos de errado, recorremos a um jornalista que utiliza pseudónimo e que já conhecemos bem”, disse Silvia Román, responsável pela secção de Internacional, citada pelo Sindicato de Jornalistas.
Segundo a estrutura representativa dos jornalistas portugueses sindicalizados, a editora de Internacional rejeitou “dizer há quanto tempo conhecem o referido jornalista” e acrescentou que já recebeu imensos contactos de Portugal por causa da cobertura dos incêndios, o que não lhe aconteceu em mais de 20 anos de trabalho naquela secção.
"Parem de me atacar no Twitter! Parem de me enviar emails! Parem de tentar telefonar-me! Em 22 anos nesta secção nunca me aconteceu algo assim, nem nos casos da Venezuela ou da Turquia!", afirmou, ainda segundo o Sindicato dos Jornalistas.
O Sindicato dos Jornalistas termina o comunicado a informar que contactou também os sindicatos espanhóis a pedir cooperação para esclarecer este assunto.

Sobre o papel dos jornalistas no relato destes factos e acontecimentos, o jornalista Miguel Pinheiro, no Observador, pensa o seguinte:

  A obrigação de um jornalista (e não uso a palavra “obrigação” de forma leve) é mostrar aquilo que vê — mesmo aquilo que às vezes outros preferiam que não víssemos ou aquilo que nós próprios, em certas alturas, preferíamos não ver.

Com que então a obrigação do jornalista é mostrar aquilo que vê?! Tomara que fosse, porque sempre me pareceu ser mostrar aquilo que outros podem estar interessados em ver. Tal como refere o sociólogo citado num postal anterior. E é aí que ocorre a demagogia cognitiva, como o mesmo também refere: a vontade em dar a informação que coincida com a representação que se faz daquilo que seja a  procura de informação.
Quando o jornalista se deixa levar por esse conceito está próximo do "facto alternativo" referido pelos apoiantes de Trump: na cerimónia de investidura de presidente, estariam mais pessoas do que aquelas que foram mostradas pelas imagens de tv.
Tal como no funeral de Mário Soares, o contrário também sucedeu...ou seja, os jornalistas não mostraram o que viam mas o que julgavam que o povo espectador de tv gostaria de ver: um mundo de gente que não existiu. El Mundo...

O jornalismo em Portugal é essencialmente o da "verdade a que temos direito"; não é necessariamente aquilo que o jornalista vê, sente e pressente. A "verdade a que temos direito" é definida por estruturas oligárquicas, políticas, empresariais e mediáticas. São poucas pessoas e sempre as mesmas de há uns anos a esta parte. Quem manda pode.  E o jornalismo obedece fazendo de conta que relata aquilo que se vê...

Em Portugal, dizia ontem Nuno Garoupa numa tv, não há sociedade civil. Há o Estado e os partidos. Porque raio o jornalismo nacional deveria ser uma excepção neste panorama?

O Correio da Manhã e o Observador e sei lá que mais que é quase nada mais? Pois sim. Nem chegm a ser andorinhas para nova primavera. São apenas cucos que procuram chocar os ovos em ninhos que outros já fizeram. Nem podem arriscar muito porque o capital é volátil e os "ventos da História" não estão para modas. 
          Colombia ganó invicta la fase de grupos del Sudamericano sub 17 de baloncesto   
Este viernes concluyó en Sucre (Bolivia) la fase de grupos del Campeonato Sudamericano sub 17 de baloncesto y Colombia logró su tercera victoria en línea, esta vez ante la favorita Venezuela. Ahora, espera rival para la semifinal. La selección Colombia femenina sub 17 logró una nueva victoria en el Campeonato
          StormThrash - Systematic Annihilation (2017)   
StormThrash - Systematic Annihilation (2017)

Artist: StormThrash
Album: Systematic Annihilation
Country: Venezuela
Genre: Thrash Metal
Quality: Mp3, CBR 320 kbps

Tracklist:
01. Incipiens Ad Finem
02. Don't Learn to Be Corpse
03. Burn This Town
04. The Art of Destruction
05. Life of Suffering
06. Kingdom of Chaos
07. Systematic Annihilation
08. Dark Days
09. Error Mortal
10. The End Is Imminent

          Maduro ganó una batalla, pero está perdiendo la guerra   
A pesar del reciente fracaso de la Organización de Estados Americanos en aprobar una resolución exigiendo que Venezuela restablezca el orden democrático, la presión nacional e internacional sobre el presidente venezolano Nicolás Maduro aumentará en las próximas semanas. No hay que exagerar el impacto de la victoria diplomática temporal de Maduro en el voto de … Seguir leyendo Maduro ganó una batalla, pero está perdiendo la guerra
          Memo to Arroyo: Let McCain know you're from Asia   
Published September 22, 2008
INQUIRER.net

President Gloria Arroyo may have had a top-level meeting with Republican presidential candidate John McCain during her last visit to the United States. But if he wins in November, she better hope he’ll remember that encounter -- and that he won’t confuse her, given her Hispanic surname, for one of those anti-American leaders in Latin America who are always irritating Washington.

Just ask Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, the prime minister of Spain.

When asked in an interview with a Miami Spanish-language radio program if he would receive Zapatero in the White House, McCain said that he would “establish closer relationships with our friends, and I will stand up to those who want to harm the United States.”

The clearly confused interviewer politely asked the question three more times. After all, Spain is a member of NATO and a US ally, and McCain or any other US politician surely wouldn't suggest that Spain could be among those “who would harm the United States.” The interviewer even clarified that she was referring to the country in Europe. But McCain simply repeated his response.

That prompted speculation that either McCain didn't know who Zapatero was, thought Spain is in Latin America, or simply got confused. Did he perhaps think that Zapatero was another troublemaker south of the US border? Maybe he thought he was being asked about the Zapatista rebels in Mexico, or about Emiliano Zapata, the legendary, but long dead, Mexican rebel leader.

It may be understandable how McCain would get confused since the question about Zapatero followed others about not-so-friendly leaders in America's backyard: Raul Castro of Cuba, Evo Morales of Bolivia and the highly-controversial Hugo Chavez of Venezuela.

But as the Washington Post noted, “Lumping Zapatero in with the Latin American bad guys like Venezuela's Hugo Chavez is ironic because Zapatero and Juan Carlos, the King of Spain, were protagonists in one of the most public anti-Chavez moments.”

The newspaper was referring to the Ibero-American summit meeting earlier this year in Chile, when Chavez criticized Zapatero's predecessor, Jose Maria Aznar, a close Bush ally, for sending Spanish troops to Iraq. Zapatero politely rejected Chavez's argument, but when the Venezuelan pressed on, the Spanish king snapped at him, “Why don't you just shut up?”

To be sure, McCain's gaffe was not as bad as former Vice President Dan Quayle's jaw-dropping observation that people in Latin America don't speak Latin. Or President George W. Bush's surprising question to the president of Brazil: “Do you have blacks too?”

Still, McCain's response raises doubts about his claim to be a foreign policy expert, especially since he has made other baffling remarks on foreign affairs during the campaign. Once he appeared to get mixed up about the difference between Shia and Sunni Muslims. Then he explained the crisis in Afghanistan to journalist Diane Sawyer by saying, “We have a lot of work to do and I'm afraid it's a very hard struggle, particularly given the situation on the Iraq-Pakistan border.”

Such a border does not exist, of course. Nor does the republic of Czechoslovakia, which broke up into two nations in the early 90s, but that didn't stop McCain from referring to the defunct entity.

McCain's campaign spokesman Randy Sheunemann later clarified that his candidate meant what he said that he would not commit to a meeting with Spain’s Zapatero. That prompted columnist Robert Schlesinger to write: “Memo to Randy Sheunemann: Your candidate can do worse things than get confused. Like he could imply that a NATO ally might mean us harm.”

Bottom line for the Philippine leadership: Gear up for an education campaign to reintroduce yourself to a President McCain. Perhaps the Department of Foreign Affairs should send a briefing paper to the McCain campaign explaining that the US military has pulled out of Subic and Clark, just in case he gets confused about why there is now a Visiting Forces Agreement between the US and the Philippines. Or, maybe it should issue a high-level memo reminding McCain that the Philippines is no longer an American colony, and that Arroyo should be called "president," not "governor-general."

But then again, perhaps there's nothing to worry about . After all, if McCain wins, he'll have a highly capable vice president in Sarah Palin. How can you beat a would-be-president who became an expert on Russia because she can see that country from her home state of Alaska?

But just to be sure, it may be wise for Arroyo, or whoever takes her place in 2010, to consider a special gift to the McCain-Palin administration if they do take over come January: A very powerful telescope so she can see the Babuyan Islands from downtown Anchorage.
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          Risks Of Congressional Bill To Sue OPEC   
And the scene gets stranger still in Washington as the House Of Representatives pass a bill to sue OPEC. Here is the lead in from Reuters:

“The House of Representatives overwhelmingly approved legislation on Tuesday allowing the Justice Department to sue OPEC members for limiting oil supplies and working together to set crude prices, but the White House threatened to veto the measure.”

The House passed the Bill H.R.6074 by a vote of 324-84. The Senate is looking at a similar bill, S. 2976 – The OPEC Accountability Act. For the House Bill to go to the President, the Senate will have to reconcile the two bills and have the entire Congress approve it. If the President follows through on his threat of a veto, it would be one of the few and rare cognizant moments from him.

The problem with bills like these is that we are trying to lay blame for our own avarice. Americans have over-consumed and wasted limited resources and still continue to do so in face of rising prices and further decrease in global supply. Instead of using Congressional powers to enact bills that would lead to better CONSERVATION and reduction in consumption, Congress is engrossed in blatant finger pointing to other parties as being the ones responsible for the current condition.

This act is similar to the fat people who sued McDonald’s for their weight problem. What is happening to their common sense? Does serving in Washington atrophy their brains? I don’t know but if this bill is any indication of their mental capacity, then there is something definitely wrong.

Here are the risks of the bill
  • U.S. becomes the fodder for more late night jokes; you just can’t make these things up
  • World community will join the late night hosts in mocking the U.S.
  • If the bill becomes law, then expect to see OPEC and other resource-rich nations to retaliate against the U.S., which will drive up prices of limited resources even further upwards
  • If the bill becomes law, then expect to see OPEC members counter suing the U.S., especially Venezuela
  • If the bill becomes law, then expect to see other nations suing the U.S. for squandering limited resources
Here is the roll call summary of the votes for this inane bill (click here for the full list):


Regards,
Ed Kim
Practical Risk Manager
          Comentario en Maduro pidió colaboración del pueblo de Venezuela para capturar al piloto del Helicóptero del CICPC por yohana   
Si yo lo veo lo agarro y le doy una coñaza pero por no haberte jodido directamente a ti. Ese montaje mas malo del gobierno me vas a decir que para hacer eso hay que tenerlas bien puestas, y resulta que el tipo con todo el entrenamiento que tiene va a lanzar una granada que ni exploto yo te hubiera lanzado un misil no joda para quitarnos ese peso de encima de tener un presidente tan inútil con tu. Ya estamos cansados de tanta delincuaencia de la falta de medicina y pare usted de contar
          Comentario en Maduro pidió colaboración del pueblo de Venezuela para capturar al piloto del Helicóptero del CICPC por Laura Lara   
El mismo entonces se califica como asesino y terrorista Qué bolas!!! Después de tanta gente que ellos han matado, llamar a Oscar Pérez terrorista y criminal !!!
          Comentario en Patricia Poleo revela los pasos que seguirá Oscar Pérez contra el Régimen de Maduro (VIDEO) por Emilio   
Saludo al pueblo de Venezuela, sigo atento a los sucesos por medio de estos vídeos que ponéis en Internet, desde que el pueblo se volcó a pedir su Libertad. "Viva el Pueblo" y "Arriba Venezuela", se que Dios está con vosotros.
          Siria y Venezuela, similitudes, peligros e interrogantes   
none
          Atentado contra instituciones públicas en Venezuela: cinco claves   

          Venezuela: La implosión. De Raúl Prada Alcoreza   
La explosión hacia adentro y lo sugerente de la coyuntura.
          Rechazamos desde Euskal Herria los últimos ataques golpistas en Venezuela   
Enmarcamos los ataques en una escalada golpista de sectores de la derecha venezolana con apoyo de gobiernos y poderes extranjeros (entre ellos el gobierno español)
          Kansas City Royals: The long-term health of Salvador Perez   
The Kansas City Royals catcher Salvador Perez is one of best in the game and is the cornerstone for the Royals team. The combination of Perez’s defensive ability, his strong arm, and his offensive skill set is difficult to match, which makes it hard for the Royals to find a backup that can help fill the void of production when Perez is not in the lineup. Salvador’s durability  Perez was injured last season when he collided with Cheslor Cuthbert on a play that looked like it could be the end of Perez’s season, but he showed his unmatched resilience and barely missed any time at all. Perez and backup catcher Drew Butera are both participating in the World Baseball Classic for Venezuela and Italy respectively, and coincidentally collided at a play at the plate earlier this week. Butera was not injured during the play, but Perez hurt both his knee and elbow during the play, but much like we’ve come to expect with his history, Perez should be ready to go for the start of the season. Perez’s rapport wit
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          Criticism of Anti-Semitism Special Envoy Vacancy Rings Hollow   

In 2004, Congress established the position of Special Envoy to Monitor and Combat Anti-Semitism. The Special Envoy is tasked with developing and implementing policies and projects to support efforts to combat anti-Semitism. The envoy is also charged with compiling data on global antisemitism and incorporating his or her findings into the State Department's annual reports on Human Rights Practices and International Religious Freedom. The creation of this unique position was motivated partly by a desire by congressional officials to thwart anti-Israel de-legitimization efforts advanced by cacophony of Islamists and other pernicious elements. The Special Envoy position currently remains vacant.

On June 9, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson gave testimony before the foreign operations subcommittee of the U.S. House of Representatives Appropriations Committee. Secretary Tillerson was asked by Rep. Grace Meng, (D-NY) to provide a timeline for a new appointee. Tillerson was non-committal and suggested that the appointment of a Special Envoy was unnecessary and might actually be counter-productive. He argued that by having a Special Envoy, emissaries responsible for implementing U.S. policy might actually decide to forgo their responsibilities in misplaced reliance on the Special Envoy. A more effective approach, Tillerson argued, would be to channel efforts to combat antisemitism “through the delivery on mission at every level at every country.”

Needless to say, Tillerson’s response sparked outrage. Lawmakers noted that since the position was established by congressional legislation, it cannot be terminated by unilateral executive action. The committee’s ranking Democratic member Rep. Nita Lowey, (D-NY) blasted Tillerson. In an email to the JTA, she termed Tillerson’s position as “outrageous and offensive” particularly in light of the fact that “hate crimes against Jews continue to rise in the United States and around the world,” and urged the Secretary to “fill the Special Envoy position immediately.”

Tillerson’s position drew criticism from other quarters as well. At a recent briefing hosted by the Anti-Defamation League, two former Special Envoys who occupied the post during Obama’s tenure argued that the Trump administration has a responsibility to fill the vacancy.

Hannah Rosenthal, who held the position from 2009 to 2012 stated that the administration’s failure to fill the position would be a “a huge step backward and a huge opportunity missed.” That sentiment was echoed by Ira Forman who served as Special Envoy during Obama’s second term. 

Jonathan Greenblatt, the CEO of the ADL, whose organization spends more time defending the likes of Linda Sarsour and the rights of Syrian migrants than it does on combatting antisemitism, piled on and criticized Tillerson for being “opaque about his motives and inexplicably [kicking] the can down the road.”

Without passing judgement on Tillerson’s motives and the veracity of his argument, it is safe to assume that some of the Trump administration’s shrillest critics on this issue possess less than pure motives. The ADL under the stewardship of Jonathan Greenblatt has morphed into an organization that has completely forgotten and neglected its primary mission, which is to combat antisemitism and xenophobia. Instead, Greenblatt has chosen to become an advocate for Linda Sarsour, a rancid anti-Semite of the first order who advocates for the destruction of Israel and wishes she could rip out the vaginas of women with whom she disagrees. The ADL has also devoted substantial resources advocating for Muslim migration rights without ever considering that most of these migrants hail from countries where there is a near 100 percent prevalence of Jew hatred.

We must also consider the fact that the Special Envoy is only as effective as the leadership which issued the appointment.  If the leadership is rudderless, apathetic and vacillates on the issue of antisemitism, the role of Special Envoy is substantially diminished and may actually cause harm. This was certainly the case with the Obama administration.

Obama may be the darling of the Left but his record on combatting antisemitism was abysmal. During his tenure, there was an explosion of anti-Semitic incidents at universities and college campuses across the United States (and Europe as well for that matter). Many of these incidents were inspired by campus hate groups like Students for Justice in Palestine and the Muslim Students Association. According to the Watchdog group AMCHA, which monitors antisemitism at institutions of higher learning, anti-Semitic incidents were eight times more likely to occur at universities where the SJP and MSA maintained an active presence. Yet Obama remained tone deaf to this deleterious phenomena.

And who among us can forget Obama’s flippant and now infamous characterization of the Hyper Cacher terrorist attack that claimed the lives of four French Jews, as a “random” attack on a “bunch of folks in a deli.” We were then forced to watch as his stooges at the State Department and the White House – Jen Psaki and Josh Earnest – tried their best, through painful contortions, to defend the indefensible. It was a low point among many low points during the Obama administration. Just imagine for a moment if this shameful incident had unfolded during a Trump term.

Moreover, Obama’s first Special Envoy, Hannah Rosenthal, was an unmitigated disaster. She was a shill for the rabidly anti-Israel J-Street lobbying organization. Harvard Law professor Alan Dershowitz, a prominent Democrat with liberal bonafides, characterized J Street as “the most damaging organization in American history against Israel.” He also noted that “[J Street] will go down in history as one of the most virulent, anti-Israel organizations in the history of Zionism and Judaism.”

In 2009, Rosenthal criticized Israel’s ambassador to the United States, Michael Oren, for turning down an invitation to speak at J Street. That criticism provoked outrage from major Jewish groups who viewed Rosenthal’s criticism of the ambassador as “inappropriate.” They noted further that her unwarranted outburst “could threaten to limit her effectiveness in the area for which she is actually responsible.” Behind closed doors, criticism of Rosenthal was even more vociferous. Prominent columnist, editor, and researcher Shmuel Rosner referred to her as a “burden,”  “a problematic pick,” “an unwelcome distraction,” and “definitely not smart.” Rosner was being kind.

That Obama would pick such an odious person to fill such a sensitive and important position is not surprising given that fact that most of his advisers and appointees subscribed to J Street’s views, which are well to the left of Israel’s leftist Labor Party. Some like Robert Malley were Hamas apologists.  

In fairness, Obama’s second pick for Special Envoy, Ira Forman, was infinitely better than his predecessor but his efforts were undermined by an administration that was at best, apathetic when it came to antisemitism and at worst, stoked its flames. Such was the case when, in its twilight weeks in office, the Obama administration, with the assistance of despotic nations like Venezuela and Malaysia, perfidiously orchestrated one of the most anti-Semitic resolutions ever passed by the United Nations Security Council.

Whether the argument posited by Tillerson has merit, two unwavering facts remain indisputable. Under shameful influence of a large Muslim bloc, the United Nations is arguably one of the world’s greatest purveyors of anti-Semitism. And during his six months in office, Donald Trump through his UN ambassador, Nikki Haley, has successfully done more to combat anti-Semitism in this malevolent forum than Obama did in eight years. Well-meaning critics (and I specifically exclude the likes of Jonathan Greenblatt and his ilk from this category) should bear this in mind before pointing accusatory fingers at the administration.   


          Helicopter Drops Grenades On Venezuelan Supreme Court   
Copyright 2017 NPR. To see more, visit RACHEL MARTIN, HOST: The chaos in Venezuela now extends to the skies over the capital. Yesterday a helicopter appeared over Caracas. Someone inside allegedly opened fire on a government building, and people took cell phone video as the pilot dropped what appeared to be hand grenades. (SOUNDBITE OF EXPLOSION) STEVE INSKEEP, HOST: All of this happened on an afternoon when pro-government protesters surrounded the National Assembly. Tanks were spotted driving around the presidential palace. President Nicolas Maduro is under constant pressure for a wrecked economy and for dismantling democratic obstacles to his rule. In a video statement, Maduro condemned the attack. (SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED RECORDING) PRESIDENT NICOLAS MADURO: (Through interpreter) And be certain that sooner than later, we are going to capture the helicopter and those who have perpetrated this armed terrorist attack. INSKEEP: Now, a person calling himself Oscar Perez took credit or
          Meet student volunteers helping injured protesters in Caracas   
Green Cross are Venezuela's volunteers who go around Caracas helping those injured on the front line.
          Venezuelan kids dying from preventable diseases amid crisis   
More Venezuelan children are dying from malnutrition related diseases as hospitals struggle with medical shortages and unsanitary conditions.
          Health Care Bill & GOP - Issues in the News - June 30, 2017   
Moderator Fred Barnes, Executive Editor of The Weekly Standard, Linda Feldmann, Washington Bureau Chief for the Christian Science Monitor, and Tom DeFrank, Contributing Editor at National Journal, discuss attempts at saving the Republican health-care bill, a partial win for President Trump’s travel ban and new rules for US travel, Venezuela Crisis, and the US State Department’s critique of Saudi Arabia’s embargo against Qatar.
          VENEZUELA: Dezenas de estudantes são detidos durante protesto   
No dia em que se completam três meses da mais recente onda de protestos contra o presidente da Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, a polícia deteve dezenas de jovens que participavam de uma passeata que tentava chegar, nesta quinta-feira (29), à sede do Poder Eleitoral em Caracas. Segundo Alfredo Romero, diretor da ONG Foro Penal, 31 estudantes (a maioria da Universidade Simón Bolívar) foram presos, incluindo dois adolescentes. Os jovens foram detidos dentro de uma agência bancária onde buscavam proteção contra o avanço das forças de segurança, que reprimiam o protesto. Eles foram colocados dentro de um caminhão baú, sem ventilação, e gás lacrimogêneo atirado pelos policiais do lado de fora acabou invadindo o local onde estavam. Os estudantes foram levados para a sede do Serviço Bolivariano de Inteligência Nacional, o Sebin. Segundo o representante do centro estudantil da Universidade Simón Bolívar, os jovens, em princípio, não sofreram agressões. Familiares dos estudantes se dirijam ao local e conseguiram entregar alimentos para eles.

          Helicopter Carries out Bizarre Attack on Supreme Court in Venezuela   

The violence in Venezuela dramatically escala…

The post Helicopter Carries out Bizarre Attack on Supreme Court in Venezuela appeared first on Truth And Action.


           Ibero-American Cinema Festival in Venezuela   
Summary: 
The Festival will be inaugurated with the running of the Colombian film Rosario Tijeras, of director Emilio Maillé

The Festival will be inaugurated with the running of the Colombian film Rosario Tijeras, of director Emilio Maillé


          Opposition decries detention of Venezuelan students in truck   
CARACAS — Opposition leaders in Venezuela are denouncing the detention of more than a dozen student protesters who were loaded into the back of a truck as te
          Miss Perú Mundo 2006 en competencia de ropa de baño   

(RPP Noticias)

Las aspirantes al cetro de Miss Mundo que este año se celebra en Polonia participaron en una competencia para elegir el Mejor Cuerpo del concurso de belleza, título que ganó la venezolana Alexandra Federica Guzmán Diamante. La elección se realizó en el Hotel Normadski en el ciudad de Gdynia, a las orillas del Mar Báltico.

Aunque Miss Perú Mundo 2006 Silvia Cornejo causó buena impresión durante su desfile, no logró clasificar entre las 20 mejores y esculturales figuras. Las seleccionadas en la edición 56 de este certamen fueron: Angola, Canadá, Colombia, República Checa, India, Irlanda, Italia, Nigeria Panamá, Filipinas, Polonia, Puerto Rico, Rumania, Escocia, Singapur, Eslovenia, España, Suecia y Venezuela.
Como ganadora Miss Venezuela clasifica directamente como una de las 16 semifinalistas que disputaran el titulo de Miss Mundo 2006, que se realizará en la sala Krongresowa del Palacio de la Cultura y Ciencia de la ciudad de Varsovia el día 30 de setiembre

Federica es una experimentada modelo venezolana y conductora de un programa de televisión y fue electa de emergencia por la organización Miss Venezuela en un pequeño evento donde sólo compitieron seis beldades.


          Comentario en Macri sentencia a Argentina a 100 años de esclavitud por rolo freyre   
El grado de corrupción de nuestra estructura política, puede hacer posible que un ministro o un presidente tengan el poder en una estructura democrática para destruirnos como NACION??? Es un suicidio colectivo, mañana es tarde, la Primavera arabe... ya se instaló en Latinoamerica...Mike Pence ya viene con el programa de destruccion total de nuestra identidad...en agosto lo instituciona guerra contra el terrorismo y la droga... Hiroshima, Nagasaki, Irak, Libano Palestina, Afganistan y el ministro argentino de relaciones exteriores (quien lo conoce?) reclamando en la OEA la intervención (invasión) a Venezuela... el Pueblo dormido por los medios masivos de deformación... es un desahogo podr contar con un medio de VALOR ETICO. Mi reconocimiento-rolo
          6/29/2017: Senate Health Care Bill; Venezuelan Crisis; SoFit Sports Festival    
Today on “First Coast Connect,” we discussed the Senate health care reform bill with Marty Goetz; CEO of River Garden Senior Services; Bryan Campbell CEO of the Duval County Medical Society; Diane Larson, a women’s health nurse practitioner and local activist; Chief Advocacy Officer for Ascension Florida Jules Kariher and interim CEO for St. Vincent’s HealthCare Tom VanOsdol (00:58). We heard about the crisis in Venezuela from three local Venezuelan-Americans William Mora, vice-president of the Venezuelan-American Association of Jacksonville; Leon Carrero, senior program manager at Aerostar and Gloria Matthews (30:57) who has been working locally with several organizations to gather supplies to send to Venezuela. SoFit Sports Festival organizer Ryan Graveline (43:42) told us about this weekend’s sporting event.
          Mexico takes lead to rein in Venezuela – and sends message to voters at home   

Mexico takes lead to rein in Venezuela – and sends message to voters at homeVenezuelan President Nicolás Maduro announced this week that if his government’s “Bolivarian Revolution” were ever threatened, his supporters would turn to weapons. Recommended: How much do you know about Mexico? For several years, neighboring countries and international actors, even the pope, have tried to help stem Venezuela’s mounting crises.



          Israël, la corde au cou   
Par Daniel Greenfield 
On est en train de pendre Israël publiquement sur un gibet érigé par l’ONU, avec une corde joyeusement fournie par le monde musulman. Cependant, les bourreaux sont principalement les Occidentaux, qui croient encore que la mort d’une unique victime permettra d’apaiser la foule musulmane lyncheuse qui est sur le pas de leur porte.
Quand vous êtes sur le point d’être pendu, il y a trois choses que vous pouvez faire. Vous pouvez marcher fièrement, déclamer une ou deux paroles glorieuses afin que votre supplice soit inscrit dans la mémoire et dans l’Histoire, puis, vous laisser pendre. Les Juifs ont une longue expérience de ce genre de martyre.
Une autre possibilité est de plaider votre cause d’un bout à l’autre du chemin menant à la potence, affirmer qu’il y a erreur, que votre affaire n’a pas été jugée de façon correcte, supplier qu’on vous écoute et que l’on fasse quelque chose. Cette méthode aussi aboutit à la pendaison. Mais c’est là la pendaison d’un esclave, sans une once de dignité. Un homme qui meurt en suppliant ses assassins, et qui s’en remet à l’honnêteté de menteurs et d’hypocrites – dont les crimes sont tels, que les pires méfaits du condamné sont des vertus en comparaison –, un tel homme n’est qu’un misérable pleutre.
En réalité, quand on vous passe la corde au cou, il n’y a qu’une chose que vous puissiez faire : résister. Le principe du nœud coulant est qu’il vous serre le cou jusqu’à vous priver d’air, ou jusqu’à vous briser la nuque. En résistant au resserrement du nœud, il est possible de survivre. Au contraire, si vous respectez toute la procédure, si vous vous laissez lier les mains dans le dos et passer la corde au cou tout en gardant confiance dans le système, votre mort est inévitable.
Cela fait dix-sept ans qu’Israël marche vers la potence. Ses dirigeants l’y ont conduit à l’aide d’un anneau passé dans le nez, l’anneau des garanties internationales. Son peuple s’y est laissé mener en refusant de voir ce qui l’attendait, alors même qu’on nettoyait la chaussée du sang répandu. Chaque tentative de parvenir à une solution pacifique, chaque concession et chaque marque de bonne volonté ne faisaient que resserrer les liens autour de ses poignets et le nœud autour de son cou.
C’est que chacune des concessions qu’Israël a faites n’a eu pour résultat que de réduire non seulement sa capacité de se défendre, mais même sa capacité de faire des choses aussi élémentaires que construire des logements résidentiels dans la capitale de sa propre nation. Chaque geste qu’a fait Israël, chaque accord qu’il a signé, l’ont enfermé dans une situation toujours plus contraignante, et sans jamais amener la moindre paix. Le seul résultat a toujours été de placer la barre plus haut pour la série de concessions exigées par l’ennemi, par ses auxiliaires et par ses complices, lors de la prochaine phase des négociations.
Ce n’est pas un processus de paix, et ce n’en a jamais été un. C’est un lynchage public. C’est le lynchage d’un pays dont le seul crime réel est d’exister, son existence constituant une offense pour le fanatisme religieux et les préjugés d’un milliard de musulmans qui contrôlent une grande partie des ressources mondiales de pétrole, et dont les adeptes sont prêts à se déchaîner et à tuer dans les rues de pratiquement toutes les grandes villes du monde, à la plus légère offense.
Ce lynchage a commencé par un procès dans lequel l’assassin portait un beau costume tandis que sa victime était au banc des accusés, revêtue d’une combinaison orange [NdT – uniforme des condamnés]. Tous les jours que dura ce procès, l’assassin avait toute latitude de quitter le prétoire et de tuer à nouveau, et chaque soir, quand il y revenait, le juge et les jurés faisaient mine de ne pas voir ses mains sanglantes. Et si la victime osait attirer l’attention sur ces mains couvertes de sang, on la réduisait au silence en affirmant que ces crimes étaient aussi de sa faute. N’avait-elle pas provoqué l’assassin, ne l’avait-elle pas incité à les commettre ?
À présent, le procès se termine. La comédie se dénoue, et l’on voit que tout cela n’avait rien à voir avec la paix. De cela, nous pouvons remercier le Hamas et Obama. Au dernier round, les choses ne sont que trop évidentes. C’est la réparation de cette « erreur » par laquelle la plus ancienne et la plus persécutée des minorités du Moyen-Orient a pu soustraire un court moment son pays à la tyrannie des califes et des sultans, pour que ses membres, persécutés à l’est comme à l’ouest, au sud comme au nord, aient une patrie. Cette erreur.
Cette année même où le régime iranien viole et assassine les contestataires à la suite d’une élection volée ; cette année où la Chine et la Corée du Nord continuent de torturer et d’assassiner les opposants politiques ; cette année où l’Arabie Saoudite et Dubaï continuent à exploiter des esclaves asiatiques, et où Chavez, au Venezuela, continue de supprimer les médias indépendants et de faire incarcérer les opposants ; cette année où la Turquie continue de détenir des milliers de prisonniers politiques kurdes tout en occupant Chypre ; cette année où la Russie continue de démanteler la démocratie et d’assassiner les journalistes ; où le Soudan continue de perpétrer un génocide, et où le reste du monde émet des reproches, mais continue de vaquer à ses affaires habituelles : cette année, c’est Israël qui est le principal coupable, pour des actes aussi lâches que d’avoir peut-être assassiné un chef terroriste du Hamas à Dubaï, ou d’avoir intercepté une flottille qui apportait de l’aide et du renfort au Hamas. Tous les pays, y compris ceux de la liste qui précède, brandissent leurs condamnations et exigent qu’Israël rende des comptes. Des comptes pour quoi ? Pour avoir refusé de se laisser lyncher.
Chaque fois qu’Israël s’efforce d’être arrangeant, il ne fait que se rapprocher du gibet. Il permet que le nœud se resserre autour de son cou. Et chaque fois que cela se produit, il doit lutter plus durement encore pour pouvoir respirer. À la fin, si cela continue, il ne pourra plus respirer du tout. Il ne sera plus qu’une triste silhouette se balançant désespérément sous le vent chaud du désert, tandis que les cris « Itbah al-Yahoud » [NdT – Mort aux Juifs] retentiront parmi les décombres des villes et des jardins de Jérusalem, de Haïfa, de Tel-Aviv et d’Ariel.
Ce n’est pas en étant conciliant face à une foule de lyncheurs qu’Israël pourra survivre, mais seulement en ayant le courage de l’affronter. Quand une communauté internationale, sur l’injonction de la foule musulmane des lyncheurs, dicte les conditions de la survie d’Israël, il faut que celui-ci élargisse le champ en les faisant passer de l’autre côté. S’ils veulent reconnaître ces terroristes, tuons ces terroristes. S’ils veulent briser le blocus de Gaza, reprenons Gaza. S’ils veulent créer de façon unilatérale un État palestinien, annexons ces territoires. La conciliation, c’est le nœud coulant. L’affrontement, c’est la liberté de respirer. Chaque fois qu’Israël bat en retraite, on le condamne pour cela. Quand il progresse, il est aussi condamné, mais il étend sa liberté d’action.
Le monde entier condamnera toujours Israël, quelles que soient ses intentions. Cependant, comme toute forme d’insulte, ces condamnations ne font que prendre de l’ampleur quand Israël se laisse dicter ce qu’il doit faire. Israël est condamné non pas pour ce qu’il fait, mais en raison de la convergence de trois tendances maladives qui sont le fanatisme islamique, la gauche radicale et une attitude de dhimmi à l’échelon international. Un tel mouvement de haine ne peut pas être défait. Il ne peut qu’être ignoré.
Quand vous écoutez les menaces et les quolibets de ceux qui vous haïssent, vous leur permettez d’exercer un pouvoir sur vous. Si vous essayez d’adopter une attitude plus conciliante pour gagner leurs faveurs, cela ne peut qu’accroître leur haine débordante. En effet, ce qu’ils haïssent, ce n’est pas votre attitude, c’est vous. En leur montrant votre faiblesse, vous les invitez à vous attaquer. En donnant à vos ennemis du pouvoir sur vous, vous ne pouvez réussir qu’à les rendre impatients de profiter de votre vulnérabilité. En continuant de la sorte, vous vous condamnez à devenir un esclave ou un cadavre : un esclave s’ils voient une utilité à vous garder vivant, un cadavre dans le cas contraire. Dans un cas comme dans l’autre, vous mettez la tête dans le nœud coulant qu’ils vous ont préparé.
Israël ne peut pas continuer dans cette voie. Aucun pays ne pourrait le faire longtemps. Et cependant, c’est ce qu’il fait. Israël avance vers la potence tout en dénonçant une terrible erreur. Mais il n’y a pas d’erreur. Pas du tout. Les exécuteurs acquiescent aimablement et promettent de vérifier, tout en lui liant les mains dans le dos. C’est une comédie et tout le monde le sait, sauf le plus idiot des lyncheurs et sauf le condamné.
Cependant, comme le condamné qui refuse qu’on lui bande les yeux avant l’exécution, nous continuons de nous entendre dire que nous devons éviter de faire des remous. Allons-y tranquillement. Respirons profondément. Bientôt, tout cela sera fini. Si nous résistons, qu’est-ce que le monde va dire ? Ce qu’il est en train de dire, précisément. Que nous sommes les gêneurs, les trouble-fête à l’origine de tous les problèmes que connaissent les pays du Moyen-Orient, le ver dans la ravissante pomme bien saine des dictatures du monde musulman.
Toutes les menaces qui ont pu voir le jour sont apparues lorsqu’Israël a fait des concessions, et non lorsqu’il a refusé d’en faire. À chaque fois qu’Israël a choisi la voie de la moralité, ses ennemis lui ont préparé des coups bas. Il est plus que temps de se réveiller et d’en tirer quelques leçons. La corde est tendue, et le pays suffoque. La dernière bouffée d’air, c’était Jérusalem. La prochaine, ce sera la Galilée. Et ensuite ? Combien de bouffées d’air pourrons-nous encore inspirer avant de succomber ?
Avant Oslo, Israël était menacé d’attaques terroristes s’il ne se soumettait pas. Il s’est soumis, et les attaques terroristes ont décuplé. Et s’il n’allait pas plus loin dans les négociations, il était menacé d’isolement au niveau international. Il a négocié et il a cédé, et il ne s’en est pas moins retrouvé isolé. Il a été menacé de boycotts, et il a cédé, et il y a quand même eu des boycotts. Aujourd’hui, la menace porte sur la reconnaissance unilatérale d’un État palestinien. Celle-ci sera suivie d’une solution sous forme d’un État unique, puis d’une intervention de la communauté internationale. La corde, la potence, tout est là. Qui peut encore croire que tout cela sera épargné à Israël s’il accorde à Abbas et à ses petits copains terroristes leur propre État officiel avec Jérusalem pour capitale ?
Jusqu’à présent, aucun compromis n’a été probant, ce qui signifie qu’aucun compromis ne le sera. Un processus dans lequel une des deux parties ne cesse de faire des compromis tandis que l’autre ne cesse de menacer et de prendre, ce n’est pas un processus mais un hold-up. Quand un homme vous menace avec une arme, vous pouvez croire qu’il est possible de le contenter. S’il recommence encore et encore, ce n’est plus une menace mais un processus. Israël est pris dans ce processus, ou plutôt, il en est le jouet. À la fin de ce processus, c’est la mort. Si vous ne portez votre attention que sur l’arme, et pas sur le processus, vous allez continuer de céder, jusqu’à ce que vous ayez cédé votre maison, votre femme et vos enfants, jusqu’à ce que votre vie soit le seul bien qui vous reste. Ensuite, ce seul bien, vous le perdrez aussi. C’est la nature du processus. Pour survivre, il faut voir non pas l’arme seulement, mais le processus dont elle fait partie.
 L’expérience de ces derniers mois aurait dû servir enfin de leçon. Le triste constat est que, bien qu’Israël se soit retiré de Gaza, qu’il ait laissé le Hamas en prendre le contrôle et qu’il n’ait rien fait d’autre qu’empêcher le Hamas de disposer d’un libre accès depuis l’extérieur, le monde hurle comme si Israël avait semé la mort d’un bout à l’autre du pays, comme l’ont fait le Soudan, l’Iran et d’autres pays membres, ou anciennement membres de la Commission des droits de l’homme des Nations-unies. Voilà la justice. C’est un lynchage. Et comment réagit Netanyahou ? Comme pratiquement tous les autres dirigeants israéliens avant lui : il cède sur le blocus. Une petite concession pour calmer les lyncheurs. Ça va marcher, n’est-ce pas ? Non ?
Ce n’est plus de négociations qu’il s’agit. Ce n’est pas non plus de discuter sérieusement d’un État. C’est le monde entier qui s’élève comme une seule voix pour défendre les droits d’une organisation génocidaire financée par Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, et dont la charte dit ceci : « L’Heure [de la rédemption] ne viendra pas avant que les musulmans ne combattent les Juifs. Le Juif se cachera derrière les pierres et les arbres, qui diront : Ô Musulman, un Juif se cache derrière moi, viens le tuer. » Les faux-semblants, c’est fini. Ce n’est pas du tout de paix qu’il s’agit, mais de mort. Ce sont des lyncheurs. Certains sont là de leur propre initiative. D’autres pensent qu’ils n’ont pas le choix. Ils croient qu’une seule mise à mort leur vaudra la tolérance du Dar al-Islam.
Voilà à quoi ressemble un nœud coulant. Voilà le gibet. Les mains attachées, Israël perd sa capacité de se défendre. À mesure que le nœud se resserre, Israël meurt. Ce n’est qu’en résistant au nœud qu’il pourra survivre. Ce n’est qu’en luttant pour se délier les mains qu’il pourra résister. Capituler, c’est mourir. Et quand Israël sera mort, ses bourreaux seront les suivants sur la liste. En effet, le lynchage ne fait que commencer. La mort ne fait que stimuler l’appétit des lyncheurs. Le sang n’apaise pas leur fringale, il l’intensifie. Et si on ne les arrête pas, ils répandront le sang partout dans le monde. Mais le nœud serre déjà. Un peu d’air seulement passe encore. Avec cet air, qu’allons-nous faire ? Crier justice, ou lutter de toutes nos forces pour desserrer le nœud ? Pour l’instant, nous avons encore le choix. Quand le nœud aura fait son œuvre, il sera trop tard.
Daniel Greenfield  
 
© 2010 – Sultan Knish (Daniel Greenfield). 
© 2010 – Marcoroz pour la traduction.
 
Texte original : The Noose Around Israel’s Neck, 16 juin 2010. Mis en ligne le 17 juin 2010 par Menahem Macina sur le site http://www.france-israel.org/

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Wally you Commie and Denny should relocate to Venezuela wunna won't last two years
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          NATO, a monstrous institution    
NATO, a monstrous institution 

By Karel van Wolferen (June 3 2017)

Their anxiety about the future of NATO, recently on full display again when the American president was in Europe, could not be bettered as a measure of the incapacity of Europe’s top politicians to guide their continent and represent its populations. Through its provocations of Moscow, NATO systematically helps increase the risk of a military confrontation. By thus sabotaging its declared purpose of serving collective security for the countries on either side of the Atlantic, it erases its fundamental reason for being and right to exist.

Grasping these facts ought be enough to fuel moves aimed at quickly doing away with NATO. But it is terrible for more and easily overlooked reasons.

NATO’s survival prevents the political entity that is the European Union from becoming a significant global presence for reasons other than its economic weight. If you cannot have a defence policy of your own you also deprive yourself of a foreign policy. Without a substantive foreign policy, Europe does not show anything that anyone might consider ‘a face’ to the world. Without such a face to the outside, the inside cannot come to terms about what it stands for, and substitutes meaningless platitudes for answers to the question as to why it should exist in the first place.

NATO is an example of an institution that has gotten completely out of hand through European complacency, intellectual laziness, and business opportunism. As a security alliance it requires a threat. When the one that was believed to exist during the Cold War disappeared, a new one had to be found. Forged for defence against what was once believed to be an existential threat, it only began actually deploying its military might after that threat had disappeared, for its illegal war against Serbia. Once it had jumped that hurdle, it was encouraged to continue jumping toward imagined global threats. Its history since the demise of its original adversary has been deplorable, as its European member states were made party to war crimes resulting from actions at Washington’s behest for objectives that have made a dead letter of international law. It has turned some European governments into liars when they told their populations that sending troops to Afghanistan was for the purpose of assorted humanitarian purposes like reconstructing that country, rather than fighting a war against Taleban forces intent on reclaiming their country from American occupation. Afghanistan did not, as was predicted at the time, turn into the graveyard for NATO to come to rest, next to the British Empire, the Soviet Union and – farther back – Alexander the Great. Having survived Afghanistan, NATO continued to play a significant role in the destruction of Gaddafi's Libya, and in the destruction of parts of Syria through covertly organising, financing, and arming Isis forces for the purpose of overthrowing the Assad government. And it continues to serve as a cover for the war making elements in Britain and France. America’s coup in the Ukraine in 2014, which resulted in a crisis in relations with Russia, gave NATO a new lease on life as it helped create entirely uncalled for hysterical fear of Russia in Poland and the Baltic states. NATO repudiates things that we are said to hold dear. It is an agent of corruption of thought and action in both the United States and Europe. Through propaganda that distorts the reality of the situation in the areas where it operates, and perennial deceit about its true objectives, NATO has substituted a now widely shared false picture of geopolitical events and developments for one that, even if haphazard, used to be pieced together by independent reporters for mainstream media whose own tradition and editors encouraged discovery of facts. This propaganda relies to a large extent on incessant repetition for its success. It can generally not be traced to NATO as a source of origin because it is being outsourced to a well-funded network of public relations professionals.

The Atlantic Council is NATO's primary PR organization. It is connected with a web of think tanks and NGO’s spread throughout Europe, and very generous to journalists who must cope with a shrinking and insecure job environment. This entity is well-versed in Orwellian language tricks, and for obvious reasons must mischaracterise NATO itself as an alliance instead of a system of vassalage. Alliance presupposes shared purposes, and it cannot be Europe's purpose to be controlled by the United States, unless we now accept that a treasonous European financial elite must determine the last word on Europe's future.

An influential policy deliberation NGO known as the International Crisis Group (ICG), is one of the organizations linked with the Atlantic Council. It operates as a serious and studious outfit, carrying an impressive list of relatively well-known names of associates, which studies areas of the world harbouring conflicts or about-to-be conflicts that could undermine world peace and stability. Sometimes this group does offer information that is germane to a situation, but its purpose has in effect become one of making the mainstream media audience view the situation on the ground in Syria, or the ins and outs of North Korea, or the alleged dictatorship in Venezuela, and so on, through the eyeballs of the consensus creators in American foreign policy.

NATO repudiates political civilisation. It is disastrous for European intellectual life as it condemns European politicians and the thinking segment of the populations in its member states to be locked up in what may be described as political kindergarten, where reality is taught in terms of the manichean division between bad guys and superheroes. While Europe’s scholars, columnists, TV programmers and sophisticated business commentators rarely pay attention to NATO as an organization, and are generally oblivious to its propaganda function, what it produces condemns them to pay lip service to the silliest geopolitical fantasies.

NATO is not only terrible for Europe, it is very bad for the United States and the world in general, for it has handed to America's elites important tools aiding its delusional aim of fully dominating the planet. This is because NATO provides the most solid external support for sets of assumptions that allegedly lend a crucial moral dimension to America's warmaking. NATO does not exist for the sake of indispensable European military prowess, which mildly described has not been impressive. It exists as legal justification for Washington to keep nuclear weapons and military bases in Europe. It obviously also exists as support for America’s military- industrial complex. But its moral support ought to be considered its most significant contribution. Without NATO, the conceptual structure of a 'West' with shared principles and aims would collapse. NATO was once the organisation believed to ensure the continued viability of the Western part what used to be known as the 'free world'. Such connotations linger, and lend themselves to political exploitation. The 'free world' has since the demise of the Soviet Union not been much invoked. But 'the West' is still going strong, along with the notion of Western values and shared principles, with ‘the good’ in the form of benevolent motives automatically assumed to be on its side. This gives the powers that be in Washington a terrific claim in the realm of widely imagined moral aspects of geopolitical reality. They have inherited the mantle of the leader of the 'free world' and 'the West', and since there has not been a peep of dissension about this from the other side of the Atlantic, the claim appears true and legitimate in the eyes of the world and the parties concerned.

In the meantime the earlier American claim to speak and act on behalf of the free world was broadened and seemingly depoliticised by a substitute claim of speaking and acting on behalf of the ‘international community’. There is of course no such thing, but that doesn't bother editors who keep invoking it when some countries or the bad guys running them do things that are not to Washington's liking. Doing away with NATO would pull the rug from under the ‘international community’. Such a development would then reveal the United States, with its current political system and priorities in international affairs, as a criminal power and the major threat to peace in the world. I can hear an objection that without this resonation of moral claims the activities serving the ‘full spectrum dominance’ aim would have been carried out anyway. If you think so, and if you can stand reading again what the neocons were producing between 9/11 and the invasion of Iraqi in 2003, subtract all references to moral clarity and the necessity for the United States to serve as moral beacon for the world from that literature, and you will see that preciously little argument remains for American warmaking that ensued.

The spinelessness of the average European politician has added up to huge encouragement of the United States in its post-Cold War military adventurism. With forceful reminders from Europe about what those much vaunted supposedly shared political principles actually stood for, American rhetoric could not have been the same. Strong European condemnation of the shredding of the UN Charter, and the jettisoning of the principles adopted at the Nuremberg trials, would have made it much more difficult for George W Bush, Dick Cheney, and the neocons to go where blind fanaticism and hubris, with imagined economic advantage, took them. Perhaps more importantly, it might have given a relatively weak American protest movement the necessary added energy to rise to the level of effectiveness once attained by the

anti-Vietnam activists as they imprinted themselves on the political culture of the 60s and 70s. European dissent might not have halted but could have slowed the transformation of much of the mainstream media into neocon propaganda assets.

As it is, NATO exists today in a realm of discourse in which revered post-World War II liberal conditions and practices are still believed to exist. It is an apolitical and ahistorical realm determined by hubris and misplaced self-confidence, in which powers that have utterly altered these practices and negated its positive aspects are not acknowledged. It is a realm in which America's pathological condition of requiring an enemy as a source of everlasting profit is not acknowledged. It is a realm in which America's fatuous designs for complete control over the world is not acknowledged. It is a realm of foreign policy illusions.

NATO is supposed to guard putative Western values that in punditry observations have something to do with what the Enlightenment has bestowed on Western culture. But it deludes staunch NATO supporters, who cannot bring themselves to contemplate the possibility that what they have long trusted to be an agent of protection, has in fact become a major force that destroys those very qualities and principles.

There is a further more tangible political/legal reason why NATO is monstrous. It is steered by nonelected powers in Washington, but is not answerable to identifiable entities within the American military system. It is not answerable to any of the governing institutions of the European Union. Its centre in Brussels exists effectively outside the law. Its relations with ‘intelligence agencies’ and their secret operations remain opaque. Who is doing what and where are all questions to which no clear, legally actionable, information is made available.

NATO has thereby become a tool of intimidation lacking any compatibility with democratic political organisation. An autocrat aspiring to unfettered rule with which to operate anywhere in the world would find in NATO the ideal institutional arrangements. All this should be of our utmost concern. Because all this means that NATO is now one of the world’s most horrible organizations that at the same time has become so politically elusive, apparently, that there is no European agent with enough of a grip on it to make it disappear. 



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iG São Paulo

Um homem invadiu o prédio, atirando contra as pessoas; ele foi identificado como médico de família, ex-funcionário do hospital atacado na tarde de hoje

Homem abre fogo em hospital de Nova York%3B pelo menos 3 médicos atingidos

Homem abre fogo em hospital de Nova York%3B pelo menos 3 médicos atingidos

Foto: Reprodução

Pelo menos seis pessoas estão feridas e uma foi morta após um tiroteio dentro do Bronx-Lebanon Center Hospital, no bairro do Bronx, na cidade de Nova York, Estados Unidos, na tarde desta sexta-feira (30), segundo informou o departamento de bombeiros. Um homem invadiu o centro médico e, segundo o porta-voz do Departamento da Polícia da Cidade de Nova York, J. Peter Donald, ele seria um ex-funcionário, sendo identificado como Dr. Henry Bello, de 35 anos. 

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O atirador foi listado como um médico de família. A agência de notícias "Associated Press" informou que Bello puxou uma arma de baixo do jaleco, matando pelo menos uma pessoa. De acordo com o porta-voz do hospital, ele teria se matado após o tiroteio. Pelo menos seis pessoas foramatingidas pelas balas, mas ainda não se sabe a condição das vítimas. 

Além disso, de acordo com a rede "CBN News", outras 20 pessoas estariam levemente feridas depois de tentar sair do prédio atacado, "em um cenário caótico".

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Em uma transmissão de rádio, a polícia afirmou que o atirador era "um homem alto, magro e vestia uma camiseta azul e branca, com um jaleco branco".  Ainda segundo as fontes policiais, ele estaria armado com um rifle do tipo M-16. 

As vítimas do tiroteio desta sexta-feira estavam em diferentes andares do prédio. Dentro da unidade pediátrica, uma mulher informou, também de maneira anônima, que “ela e outras pessoas estavam protegidos, mas incapazes de sair”. “Estamos a salvo, estamos bem. Estamos tensos por causa da situação”, afirmou ao jornal. “E não temos ideia do que está acontecendo”, completou. 

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Gonzalo Carazo, que trabalha no local e testemunhou o incidente, disse à "CBS" de Nova York que o "prédio cheirava a fumaça". Ele ainda conta que viu um médico com uma ferida de bala na mão. "Eu não ouvi nenhum tiro, tudo o que ouvi foi o médico dizendo: me ajuda, ajuda ", disse.

Carazo ainda afirma que se escondeu em um quarto por cerca de 15 minutos antes que a a força de segurança chegou para escoltá-lo junto aos colegas, que tiveram de descer pelas escadas, já que o elevador não funcionava. "Estava quente e eu estava nervoso", relatou. "Eu vi sangue na escada".

Casa Branca reage

A vice-secretária da imprensa da Casa Branca, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, disse que o presidente Donald Trump estava ciente do incidente  no hospital de Nova York. Ela também informou que agentes federais da Secretaria de Álcool, Tabaco e Armas de Fogo estão respondendo ao caso. 



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Ignacio Serrano / LasMayores.com

Salvador Pérez vive una explosión jonronera, gracias a la cual amenaza con terminar 2017 con un ramillete de récords. Ya lleva tres marcas, y apunta a seguir inscribiendo su nombre en los libros de historia beisbolera en las semanas por venir.

Pérez, que desde el 9 de junio es el catcher con más cuadrangulares en los anales de su organización, los Reales de Kansas City, amaneció este viernes con 16 vuelacercas y 48 carreras impulsadas, a falta todavía de 10 días para la pausa del Juego de Estrellas.

Es un ritmo notable. No tiene precedentes para receptores oriundos de Venezuela, la tierra de origen de este toletero derecho nacido hace 27 años, que se ha convertido en la cara más visible de la franquicia en la que juega.

Víctor Martínez, en 2007, sacó 13 pelotas del campo durante la primera mitad de temporada, en juegos en los que defendió la exigente posición. Pertenecía todavía a los Indios de Cleveland, su divisa original, y con ello implantó una marca para caretas de su nacionalidad antes del Clásico de Julio.

Pérez ya alcanzó el registro. En medio de su mejor torneo con el madero, ha sacudido 13 de sus 16 tablazos cuando ha vestido el peto y la máscara. El miércoles 28 de junio, en el Comérica Park, completó la faena, cuando castigó al abridor de los Tigres de Detroit, Daniel Norris, en el cuarto inning, con un compañero a bordo. A partir de esa conexión, que salió por el left center, todo nuevo bambinazo suyo antes de la pausa implantará una marca entre sus compatriotas.

Esta exhibición de legítimo slugger comenzó bien temprano para el nativo de Valencia, capital de Carabobo, uno de los estados que más peloteros profesionales produce anualmente en su país.

En abril, Pérez empalmó una seguidilla de cuatro encuentros en los que puso la pelota en órbita al menos una vez por jornada. Ningún careta venezolano había hecho eso antes. Ni V-Mart ni Ramón Hernández ni el desaparecido Bo Díaz, cuya leyenda se consolidó en su tierra cuando quebró el tope de jonrones en una justa del beisbol invernal caribeño, con 20, entre finales de 1979 y comienzos de 1980, antes de empezar la mejor etapa de su trayectoria en la MLB.

Díaz sacudió 87 cuadrangulares con Cleveland, los Filis de Filadelfia y los Rojos de Cincinnati, antes de retirarse. Fue el primer catcher de Venezuela en las Mayores y una referencia que los aficionados aún recuerdan con nostalgia.

Ramón Hernández dejó atrás ese total y elevó el listón a 164 palazos de vuelta completa, entre los 169 que sumó a su paso por la gran carpa con los Atléticos de Oakland, Orioles de Baltimore, Padres de San Diego, Rockies de Colorado y Dodgers de Los Ángeles.

Pérez todavía está lejos de esa cantidad. Habrá tiempo de escribir sobre esa otra búsqueda. Pero ya rebasó a Díaz, persigue los 110 de Martínez y no está lejos de los 120 de Miguel Montero, sus únicos paisanos con mayor colección.

De las 103 conexiones de cuatro esquinas que ha dado, el valenciano reúne 97 cuando defiende el plato. Gracias a eso, aquel 9 de junio celebró uno de sus récords de 2017, cuando dejó atrás a Mike Macfarlane como el receptor con más vuelacercas en la historia de los Reales. Macfarlane logró 93.

Fue una joya más en la corona del mascota más popular en Kansas City. En 2015 dio 21 y quebró la marca de 19 en una zafra que para los monarcas había dejado el dominicano Miguel Olivo. En 2016 se convirtió en el primer pelotero de su posición con dos cosechas sobre los 20 maderazos en la franquicia y en este 2017 va rumbo a ser el primero con tres, y además, consecutivas.

Ningún careta en las Grandes Ligas ha desaparecido más pelotas que él en los últimos tres campeonatos.

Su actual proyección de 34 cuadrangulares le ha convertido en la mayor amenaza que haya existido para la marca de Hernández, que puso 23 bolas más allá de la barda en 2006, con Baltimore. No hay otro receptor procedente de Venezuela que haya dado más en un torneo, aunque Pérez y Wilson Ramos estuvieron muy cerca de emularlo, en septiembre pasado.

Es posible que Ramos lo hubiera conseguido, de no lesionarse antes de terminar el calendario regular. Se quedó en 22, al momento de desgarrarse los ligamentos cruzados.

Es Pérez quien ahora amenaza a Hernández, con una proyección de 34 que le convertiría en el principal forzudo de su posición en el país suramericano.

El carabobeño no ha sido un gran rematador en su carrera, hasta ahora. Acumula 64 jonrones antes del Juego de Estrellas, con .784 de OPS, y solamente ha sacado 39 en la segunda mitad, con .703, un descenso estadístico que se debe a la drástica merma en el slugging.

Hace días, sin embargo, mostró sonreído uno de los bates que le regaló Miguel Cabrera, el astro de los Tigres de Detroit y uno de los mejores toleteros derechos de todos los tiempos. Entre risas, enseñó la firma de su amigo estampada a fuego en el barquillo. Feliz, justificó así su primer Grand Slam, y dio una pista de lo que quizás le espere esta vez en la segunda mitad de la campaña.

 Publicado en LasMayores.com, el viernes 30 de junio de 2017. Aquí el original.

          Ronald Acuña Jr. será el único criollo en el Juego de Estrellas del Futuro   
El patrullero varguense Ronald Acuña Jr., uno de los principales prospectos venezolanos en las menores en este momento, será el único criollo presente en el Juego de Estrellas del Futuro esta temporada, anunció MiLB.com a través de un reporte de prensa.

El jardinero de los Tiburones de La Guaira, a quien comparan en Atlanta con un joven Andruw Jones, ex estrella de la franquicia, ya va por Doble A y amenaza con adelantar su fecha de llegada a las Grandes Ligas, a fuerza de batazos.

Este es apenas el tercer torneo en el exterior para el recluta, que comenzó la zafra en Clase A avanzada y batea entre ambas categorías para .304/.356/.474, con 8 jonrones y 30 bases robadas.

La República Dominicana vuelve a dominar, como es tradición, el equipo Resto del Mundo que se medirá contra la novena de Estados Unidos, el domingo antes de Juego de Estrellas de las Grandes Ligas.

Los quisqueyanos tienen 10 representantes, por tres de Cuba, dos de Colombia y uno cada uno de Venezuela, Haití, Brasil, México, Panamá y Puerto Rico.


          Murió Luis Romero Petit, leyenda de nuestro beisbol   
El ex antesalista del Caracas y el Pastora fue figura de la Selección Nacional que ganó la Serie Mundial en 1941, en La Habana, desatando en Venezuela la pasión por el beisbol que dura hasta hoy

Por Ignacio Serrano
ElEmergente.com

El gran Luis Romero Petit, leyenda viviente del beisbol y del deporte venezolanos, murió este jueves en Caracas, a los 100 años de edad, después de una vida larga y fructífera que será recordada por siempre.

El zuliano, nacido el 11 de abril de 1917, acababa de celebrar su centenario y se recuperaba de una intervención quirúrgica.

La Liga Venezolana de Beisbol Profesional, de la que fue uno de sus peloteros fundadores, confirmó la noticia a través de una nota de duelo.

“La Junta Directiva de la LVBP, su personal operativo y administrativo, expresan sus más sinceras palabras de condolencia, extensivas a cada uno de sus familiares, allegados, amigos, compañeros y conocidos. Paz a su alma”, señaló el comunicado liguero.

Romero Petit era uno de los dos sobrevivientes del memorable equipo que dominó la Serie Mundial de 1941, en el estadio La Tropical de La Habana.

Salido de la pelota amateur en su estado natal, figura joven del Pastora, fue reclutado para la Selección Nacional que participó en el torneo universal de 1940, en el que la Vinotinto terminó en las plazas intermedias.

Al año siguiente, fue tercera base y pieza fundamental en la conquista que convirtió en pasatiempo nacional al deporte de los diamantes.

Romero Petit saltó al profesional en 1946, con el nacimiento de la LVBP, siendo ya estrella del Cervecería Caracas en la Primera División, el “equipo de las caras bonitas”.

Pequeñito, buen hablador y siempre sonreído, nunca fue un toletero excelso, como se podría esperar de los defensores de la esquina caliente. Pero su guante fue muy elogiado y también su capacidad para soltar líneas importantes.

Ligó para .237, sin jonrones, en las 12 campañas que disputó en el circuito rentado local, entre 1946 y 1957, con los capitalinos y con el Vargas, Pastora y Pampero.

Le sobrevive el “Conejo” Enrique Fonseca, receptor de aquel brillante grupo recordado como los Héroes del 41. Fonseca tiene 98 años de nacido.

La cara iluminada de Romero Petit, su amabilidad al hablar, su venezolanidad irreductible y su bondad quedarán por siempre entre nosotros, así como su aporte decisivo para hacer del beisbol lo que hoy es en nuestro país.

Descansa en paz, Romerito. Tus émulos siguen brillando, ahora en las Grandes Ligas.

Ignacio Serrano

          BREVES. David Peralta es 5° con .321 de average en la Liga Nacional   
Notas de las
GRANDES LIGAS

David Peralta amaneció este jueves en la quinta plaza de la Liga Nacional en la lucha por el liderato de bateo, a pesar de que solamente ha conectado 5 hits en sus últimos 23 turnos. El carabobeño de los Diamondbacks de Arizona ha bajado desde .332 que tenía el 21 de junio, pero se mantiene entre los mejores toleteros del circuito. Su línea completa es .321/.371/.488, con .859 de OPS.

Ildemaro Vargas recibió el uniforme con el número 15, al reportarse este jueves a los Diamondbacks para su estreno en las Mayores.

Elvis Andrus llegó este miércoles por primera vez en su carrera a 10 jonrones en una temporada, y lo consigue a pocos días de cumplirse la primera mitad de esta zafra.

Eduardo Paredes, que hace días logró su graduación como grandeliga y que nunca ha jugado en la LVBP, declaró al periodista Rafael Petit, jefe de prensa de las Águilas del Zulia, que espera hacer su estreno en Venezuela en la temporada próxima.

José Altuve se embasó en cuatro de cinco viajes al plato, el miércoles. Con esos dos hits y el par de boletos que tomó, puso su promedio de embasado en .402, lo que sería un tope personal si la temporada terminara hoy. Su máximo es .396, conseguido el año pasado.

Revisa otras noticias de los grandeligas venezolanos haciendo click aquí.

Ignacio Serrano

          Adiós to Venezuelan democracy   

Constitutions, like diamonds, are supposed to last. But that is not the view of Nicolás Maduro, a former bus driver chosen by a dying Chávez to replace him as president in 2013. He has ordered a new constituent assembly, to be chosen on July 30th. Everything about the process is different from 1999. In violation of Chávez’s constitution, it has been called by presidential decree rather than by referendum.

Mr Maduro says its purpose is to defeat the opposition’s “fascism”. Yet it will be chosen under a system that might have been devised by Mussolini. Each of the 340 municipalities will elect one assembly member, regardless of size (only state capitals will get two), meaning the opposition-supporting cities are under-represented. A further 181 members will be chosen from communal and occupational groups controlled by the regime.

Mr Maduro wants the assembly because he can no longer stay in power democratically. Low oil prices and mismanagement have exacted a heavy toll...


          Re: Universal: 40 años llevando vida   

Gracias a DIOS y a la Universal Se a dado inicio a este trabajo aquí en Venezuela para así rescatar muchas almas para el reino de DIOS.


          Comentario en En Valledupar murió joven de 15 años en persecución policial por Halo Cortana   
Esta noticia es Venezuela....!! No es nuestra realidad; es lo que veremos; Personas inocentes vilmente asesinadas por omitir un maldito retén. Esto lo hace la Policia para Amedentrar a la población a que no se resistirán ante sus abusos de autoridad. Exigimos JUSTICIA JUSTICIA JUSTICIA.
          Maduro pide ayuda a los venezolanos para capturar al policía que atacó el Tribunal Supremo   
"Es un criminal, es un asesino, y le pido la colaboración a todo el pueblo de Venezuela. Si aún se encuentra en territorio nacional, que el pueblo de Venezuela, al identificarlo, lo capture donde esté, a ese terrorista y criminal", ha dicho Maduro.
          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          Venezuela   
Diarios y Periódicos de Venezuela (Incluso Digitales) Prensa Escrita: Lista de diarios y periódicos venezolanos: Periódicos Diarios de CARACAS ÚLTIMAS NOTICIAS (Caracas): www.ultimasnoticias.com.ve EL UNIVERSAL (Caracas): www.eluniversal.com EL NACIONAL (Caracas): www.el-nacional.com 2001 (Caracas): www.2001.com.ve CORREO DEL ORINOCO (Caracas): www.correodelorinoco.gob.ve VEA (Caracas): www.diariovea.web.ve EL NUEVO PAÍS (Caracas): www.enpaiszeta.com CIUDAD CCS (Caracas): www.ciudadccs.info MERIDIANO (Caracas): www.meridiano.com.ve LÍDER … Continuar leyendo "Venezuela"
          Venezuela: Former official charged as street clashes continue   
Venezuelan Attorney General Luisa Ortega announced charges Thursday against the former head of the country's national guard, accusing him of systematic human rights violations during sometimes deadly anti-government protests.

          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah — The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country.
          Misses zulianas se preparan para conquistar la Quinta Rosada   

A menos de un mes para la realización del gran casting nacional, en el que se escogerán a las candidatas del Miss Venezuela, las jóvenes que obtuvieron su pase al concurso en el Miss Zulia 2017 se siguen alistando, bajo la supervisión de la presidenta de la organización Roberta de Blasio, para conquistar la banda […]

La entrada Misses zulianas se preparan para conquistar la Quinta Rosada se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          Jorge Ramos vuelve a difamar a los dueños de armas de fuego   

Volvió a pasar...esta vez, en una mañana cálida en un terreno de béisbol en Alexandria, Virginia. Un simpatizante desquiciado de bernie Sanders decidió abrir fuego contra un grupo de congresistas republicanos, dejando a varias personas gravemente heridas. Y el presentador Jorge Ramos no perdió tiempo en lanzar otra diatriba a favor del control de armas.

Supongo que debo agradecerle a Ramos el que al menos haya condensado esta última embestida contra los dueños legales de armas dentro de la columna de opinión de la semana pasada. En cuanto a la columna en sí, noto que no hay ningún llamado a la reflexión ante el endurecimiento del debate político en este país, ni examinación alguna de la retórica violenta que bien puede haber llevado al gatillero a cometer su vil acto. En su lugar, los lectores de Ramos reciben un recalentado de todos los puntos que Ramos ha repetido cual papagayo desde que Donald Trump tomó aquel fatídico viaje por la escalera hace dos años atrás.

La presentación de Ramos hoy día está limitada a los “cucos” y a los temas que están en su agenda, y esa columna es reflejo de ello...Trump y las armas.

Lo que vale notar de la columna es que Univision ha revertido a su consabida costumbre de eliminar las expresiones más incendiarias de Ramos a la hora de traducir sus columnas en ingles para Fusión. Recuerden, por ejemplo, aquella vez que Fusión elimino una frase completa sobre la supuesta ingenuidad de los católicos en España. Esta vez, fue una difamación de los dueños de armas de fuego la que fue desaparecida como por obra de magia.

Aquí hay una captura de pantalla de la columna original de Ramos, que como de costumbre siempre se publica primero en espanol.

Ahora aqui esta mi traducción de la columna original, lado a lado con la traducción que Univision público. ¿Que falta allí?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

El supuesto entendimiento de Ramos de el raciocinio cultural e histórico tras la Segunda Enmienda es poco más que un fundamento falso sobre el cual construir su frase insultante respecto a las “armas de guerra” y la cacería de patos. Hablando claro (o al punto), Ramos no entiende nada en lo que respecta a la Segunda Enmienda más allá de su deseo límbico de verla derogada.

Un diálogo franco sobre la Segunda Enmienda en la cadena más grande de habla hispana en los Estados Unidos incluiría el hecho de que ya existen leyes que proscriben la tenencia de armas a personas con trastornos mentales y antecedentes delictivos, y que en ocasiones estos sistemas fallan- como vimos en el caso del gatillero racista de Charleston.

Más aún, la “necesidad” de “tener armas de guerra” (como caracteriza Ramos a los rifles defensivos) es clave a la función medular de la Segunda enmienda como garante del resto de la Carta de Derechos; la última línea de defensa contra la tiranía. Si Ramos tuviese el deseo sincero de entender la Segunda Enmienda, exploraria la situación en Venezuela y notaría que la primera iniciativa del tirano Nicolás Maduro tras tomar las riendas del poder posterior al fallecimiento de Hugo Chávez fue el desarme de la población para entonces armar a los colectivos chavistas. Si queda alguna duda adicional, entonces Ramos podría mirar hacia México, en donde un estado (Nuevo León) busca adoptar una versión limitada de la ley de defensa personal que existe en la Florida y en tantos otros estados.

A Jorge Ramos ni le interesa entender la Segunda Enmienda ni le importan las motivaciones de los dueños legales de armas de fuego. Tan solo le toma a Ramos una oración dentro de una columna llenaespacio para probar, una vez más, que tan solo le interesa provocar el temor de ambos, y que no le tiembla el pulso para utilizar la tragedia humana para hacerlo, sea en Arlington, Sandy Hook, o en Orlando.


          "Es mejor sufrir en Colombia que pasar hambre en Venezuela"   
 Leer
          BroadwayWorld Seeks US and Internationally Based Regional Editors   

How can I get involved as a Contributing Editor?

All applicants should have excellent writing skills and an enthusiasm for giving local theaters and productions some prominence on BroadwayWorld.com - the largest theater site on the net!

As a Contributing Editor, you will have the opportunity to review the shows of your choice, conduct interviews with local and touring talent, design features of your own choosing for publishing, and work/network with your local theater press reps to bring exposure to the theatrical offerings in your area.

Your compensation as a featured writer with us not only includes exclusive press seats to all of the shows you cover (as is standard in your area and arranged between you and the theater) but also the opportunity to be published under your own byline and publishing profile on both the local and main pages of the site for maximum exposure to our 4M+ monthly visitors!

The position offers flexible hours and the convenience of working remotely from your hometown. (**Access to New York City is NOT necessary**). There are no administrative duties associated with the contributorship. You simply see the shows, meet the talent, and write on your own time and terms! (Note that some projects require a specific publishing turnaround which you will discuss with your editor on a case-by-case basis).

To apply, or for more information, send an email to writefor@bwayworld.com


Check out the worldwide BroadwayWorld regions below!

United States:


Anchorage, Casper, Dayton, Des Moines, Fargo, Hawaii, Jackson, Montana, Sioux Falls , and Vermont.

International:

Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, China, Colombia Cuba, Egypt, Finland, France, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Japan, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Mexico, Monaco, Montreal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Ottawa, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Prague, Qatar, Russia, Scotland, Singapore, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Toronto, Turkey, Vancouver, and Venezuela.



          In Venezuela: Hoax or not, Venezuela chopper caper spells trouble   
Venezuelans disagree on whether a helicopter grenade attack claimed by rogue cops was a coup or a hoax. Either way, it shows security forces risk turning against the government.
          Venezuela’da gerginlik hat safhada   


Devamı için Tıklayınız...
          LA NUEVA JUSTICIA PENAL EN AMÉRICA LATINA   
LA NUEVA JUSTICIA PENAL EN AMÉRICA LATINA[1]

Dr. José María Tijerino Pacheco

En la, para mí, venturosa mañana de este día, en que tuve el gozo de visitar por vez primera Monte Albán, pregunté en qué dirección se encontraba Guelatao, y al ver desde lejos el punto en la sierra que se me señalaba y descubrir el intenso azul de su cielo pensé que no de otra forma podía ser el que cobijara la infancia de aquel que tan grandes ideales concibiera y tan recio temple poseyera. Este atardecer quiero rendir ante ustedes mi modesto homenaje al licenciado don Benito Juárez, defensor de la institucionalidad, porque todos los que nos esforzamos en hacer la reforma procesal penal iberoamericana somos, en cierto sentido, seguidores de sus pasos en tanto con la dicha reforma acudimos al rescate de lo institucional en la represión de los delitos.
A la sombra propicia de la egregia figura del Patriota, debo esforzarme ahora por hacer en el tiempo razonable de una charla una apretada síntesis de lo que significa la nueva justicia penal en América Latina. Quiero empezar planteando si no existe una antinomia entre lo represivo y lo justo, porque en la Historia se ha hablado mucho de justicia cuando de los asuntos de naturaleza civil se trata, pero en materia criminal lo que más ha importado es la represión eficaz, sin mayores miramientos sobre la culpabilidad o inocencia de aquellos triturados por una maquinaria estatal que parece haber sido ideada para cebarse en los más humildes e inermes.
Este contraste entre la justicia civil y la “justicia” penal, que antes de la reforma procesal penal era descubierta por los abogados desde las aulas mismas de la Facultad, como ya lo hiciera notar con dolidas frases CARNELUTTI, no es sino expresión de la injusticia de una sociedad que, a la par que reprime con desmedida severidad las infracciones de los estratos inferiores, admite que haya grupos reducidos de ciudadanos a los que no alcanza la ley penal, y que privilegia el derecho del “haber “, como llamó el mismo maestro de la Universidad de Roma al derecho civil, sobre el derecho del “ser”, como denominó al derecho penal.
Durante casi doscientos años de vida republicana nos las hemos arreglado en Latinoamérica para compatibilizar los principios liberales consagrados con grandilocuentes frases en nuestros textos constitucionales con un sistema represivo más cercano al Antiguo Régimen que a la Revolución Francesa. Quizás la culpa, o al menos parte de ella, la tengamos los profesores de lo que antes se llamaba “Procedimientos penales” y ahora llamamos “Derecho Procesal Penal”, porque no hemos sido capaces de inculcar en nuestros estudiantes cuál debe ser la finalidad del proceso. Cuestión ésta fundamental para una concepción democrática de la justicia y que a mediados del siglo pasado originara lo que tal vez sean las más hermosas páginas jamás escritas por los cultivadores de nuestra disciplina, cuando CALAMANDREI se negara categóricamente a que el trabajo del procesalista fuera comparado con el del fabricante de relojes de precisión, sólo ocupado en colocar adecuadamente las ruedecillas de su artefacto sin importarle si éste marcará “la hora de la muerte o la hora de la felicidad”. El gran maestro florentino mostraba a su pesimista colega y condiscípulo SATTA que el proceso sí tiene finalidad, “que es la más grande que pueda concebirse y se llama justicia”.
En feliz concordancia con el luminoso pensamiento de CALAMANDREI, el reciente Código Procesal Penal de la República de Nicaragua establece en su artículo 7 que la finalidad del proceso es la consecución de la convivencia social armónica y la paz social. Ambos conceptos son equivalentes y, recordémoslo, “armonía” es la idea que KELSEN encontrara más cercana a la de justicia.
La reforma procesal penal iberoamericana está cimentada en lo que también son los tres pilares en que se asienta el Derecho Procesal como disciplina científica: los conceptos de acción, jurisdicción y proceso. Oportuno es recordar que hasta 1856-57, cuando se da la célebre polémica entre WINDSCHEID y MUTHER sobre la “actio” del derecho romano, o 1868, cuando se publica la obra de VON BÜLOW sobre las excepciones y los presupuestos procesales, no se concebía el estudio de los procedimientos judiciales sino como parte del Derecho Civil o del entonces llamado Derecho Criminal. La acción, en el campo civil, no era sino el mismo derecho subjetivo en actitud beligerante hecho valer ante un tribunal de justicia. En la justicia represiva, donde la instrucción judicial oficiosa y semisecreta rescatada en mala hora por los codificadores napoleónicos de entre las ruinas del Antiguo Régimen se había engullido el juicio oral de inspiración anglosajona, la acción tenía poco o ningún valor y al órgano de la jurisdicción se atribuía también la función acusatoria y la procuración de pruebas de cargo pretendiendo absurdamente una imparcialidad a todas luces imposible.
Por esa razón es que en el terreno de la represión de los delitos el llamado sistema inquisitivo o el llamado sistema mixto, que más apropiadamente debe denominarse inquisitivo reformado, no cabe hablar de proceso. Para el Derecho Procesal, el proceso, como sinónimo de juicio, debe ser, como ya lo había señalado BÚLGARO desde el siglo XII, “actus trium personarum”, esto es, la actuación de tres personas: juez, actor y demandado, que en el proceso penal se traducen en juez, acusador o actor penal y reo o imputado, en asocio indisoluble este último con su abogado defensor.
La instrucción judicial oficiosa, que no necesita de requerimientos ni acusaciones hechos por persona distinta del juez; la indagatoria, mediante la cual el juez pesquisidor juega con el reo a el gato y el ratón; el plenario, que en nuestros viejos códigos no es sino una protocolaria confirmación del material probatorio reunido en la etapa de instrucción y en el que, para terminar de desaparecer lo más valioso del proceso napoleónico, se renuncia también a la oralidad; la indefensión, casi total durante la parte más importante del procedimiento, y una defensa letrada más nominal que real y que se vuelve intrascendente porque se presta en una fase en la que todo está virtualmente consumado, hacen del procedimiento penal aún vigente en algunos países latinoamericanos una perversa negación de los valores propios de la República tal como la concibieron nuestro próceres en su día.
Contra ese estado de cosas se yergue a finales de la década del treinta del siglo pasado la figura de ALFREDO VÉLEZ MARICONDE, verdadero padre de la reforma procesal penal iberoamericana, que tuvo su inicio con la promulgación del Código de Procedimiento Penal de la provincia argentina de Córdoba en 1939. Como puede verse, la nueva justicia penal del subcontinente latinoamericano no es tan nueva como a algunos puede parecer.
Tomó como modelos el maestro cordobés, principalmente, dos grandes códigos italianos, los de 1913 y 1930, cuya impronta se encuentra en todos los códigos latinoamericanos que se han promulgado dentro de la corriente reformista. De allí que pueda decirse con toda propiedad que la reforma procesal penal de América Latina es básicamente italiana; con algo de influencia española, alemana y portuguesa y, a partir de 1988, cuando el Código Procesal Modelo para Iberoamérica receptó el principio de oportunidad en el ejercicio de la acción penal, con influencia angloamericana, que le llega directamente o a través de los modernos ordenamientos europeos, sobre todo del código italiano de 1988.
Esta influencia angloamericana es mayor en el código nicaragüense de 2001 que en cualquier otro de la región, pues en éste el proceso no inicia sino con la acusación, indiscutible ejercicio de la acción procesal. La acusación suele ir precedida de una investigación a cargo del Ministerio Público y la policía de investigaciones, en la que se requiere la autorización de un juez para la realización de actos que puedan afectar garantías individuales. Distingue claramente el código de Nicaragua entre actos de investigación y actos de prueba. Los últimos son los únicos generadores de prueba y sólo pueden realizarse en el juicio oral y público ante la presencia ininterrumpida del tribunal que deberá dictar la sentencia, el acusador, el defensor y el acusado, salvo que éste quiera retirarse de la sala de audiencia a una sala contigua, en cuyo caso el defensor pasa a cumplir la función de representación a la par de la función de asistencia jurídica.
El código de Córdoba de 1939, cuya característica principal fue el juicio oral y público, en su prístino sentido de respeto a los principios de inmediación, concentración e identidad física del juzgador, tuvo tan exitosa aplicación que pronto, una a una, todas las provincias de la República Argentina lo tomaron como modelo de sus propias legislaciones. Sólo en Buenos Aires se atrincheraron los enemigos de la oralidad, acaudillados por el viejo maestro MARIO A. ODERIGO y por influencia de poderosas firmas de abogados que pretendían seguir gozando del don de la ubicuidad que permite el procedimiento escrito a algunos abogados de postín con un séquito de asistentes. La oralidad acabaría imponiéndose también allí en 1991 con la promulgación del Código Procesal Penal de la Provincia de Buenos Aires y del Código Procesal Penal de la Nación (federal).
En 1973 el modelo cordobés, remozado por el Código Procesal Penal de la Provincia de Córdoba, de 1970, transpone las fronteras argentinas y se asienta en Costa Rica, que lo adopta sin modificación alguna de importancia. En el pequeño país centroamericano se produce toda una revolución del sistema de justicia penal, que no se limita al ámbito legislativo ni a la práctica judicial, sino que se extiende a la enseñanza e investigación jurídicas, la crítica forense y la información periodística, que encuentra abundante fuente de noticias en el quehacer cotidiano de los tribunales. Se modifica la concepción tradicional del ejercicio de la profesión de abogado, se incrementa notablemente el consumo de libros y revistas especializados, se prestigia el ejercicio de la defensa penal, se despierta un vigoroso afán de estudio que llega hasta lugares muy alejados de la Capital y que se manifiesta en la creación de círculos de análisis de la nueva legislación y la doctrina aplicable, la búsqueda de becas para cursar estudios de doctorado en España, Italia y Alemania y una prolífica producción dogmática de aceptable nivel académico. Al cabo de pocos lustros los consultores costarricenses en el campo de la justicia penal obtienen reconocimiento internacional. En resumen, todo un cambio de mentalidad jurídica que sabe mantener viva una sana insatisfacción, la que da lugar a un nuevo código en 1996, que suprime la instrucción judicial y establece el principio de oportunidad en el ejercicio de la acción penal siguiendo en esto al Código Modelo Procesal Penal para Iberoamérica, de 1988.
En 1991 se promulgan el código federal argentino (Código Procesal Penal de la Nación) y uno de los cuatro códigos que ha tenido Colombia a partir de 1981. En 1992 la República de Guatemala promulga el primer código inspirado directamente en el modelo iberoamericano. En 1996 son promulgados los códigos de El Salvador, y, como habíamos dicho, el segundo código costarricense. En 1997, el código de Uruguay. En 1998, los códigos de las repúblicas de Venezuela y Paraguay. En 1999, los códigos de Bolivia y Honduras. En el año 2000, los códigos de las repúblicas de Ecuador y Chile y el penúltimo de los códigos colombianos. En 2001 el ya citado código nicaragüense. En 2002 el código de la República Dominicana y en 2004 el código de Perú y el Código de Procedimiento Penal de Colombia, precedido por los códigos de 1981, 1991 y 2000.
Pasada la década de los años 90, que fue la de la explosión de la reforma, con diez códigos nacionales (cuatro de ellos en Centroamérica) y siete proyectos a punto de ser promulgados, es natural que ahora se proceda a hacer una primera evaluación a profundidad.
En algunos sectores ha habido cierto desencanto, hay quienes hablan ya de la “reforma de la reforma”. Los factores que concurren a esta insatisfacción son, en mi criterio los siguientes:
a) El atribuir a defectos del código lo que son debilidades institucionales preexistentes. Un nuevo código procesal penal no es la panacea universal para sistemas políticos que carecen de un poder judicial independiente, un ministerio público despolitizado, una policía de investigaciones capacitada y una defensoría pública bien organizada.
b) La carencia en los operadores del sistema de justicia penal de la cultura jurídica propia de la reforma procesal. Los nuevos códigos exigen un cambio de mentalidad jurídica que sólo puede operarse conociendo a profundidad los principios que informan la nueva legislación.
c) El haber confiado la aplicación de los nuevos códigos a un funcionariado reacio al cambio, en algunas ocasiones francamente saboteador. No es sensato mantener en sus cargos a altos jueces, fiscales o jefes de la policía de investigación que abiertamente se hayan opuesto a la reforma, porque harán todo cuanto puedan para hacerla fracasar.
d) La errónea creencia de que el cambio debió haber sido instantáneo, de que el nuevo sistema debe ser milagroso, el no darle tiempo. Irónicamente son los que por largas décadas fueron totalmente indiferentes a los horrores del antiguo sistema los que ahora se muestran impacientes con los resultados de la reforma.

Los principales errores en la aplicación de los nuevos códigos suelen ser los que a continuación señalo:
a) Confusión entre actos de investigación y actos de prueba y pretensión de incorporar al juicio las actas de los actos de investigación atentando de esa manera contra el principio de oralidad.
b) Confusión entre la relación de hechos y la relación de diligencias de investigación en los requerimientos y acusaciones del Ministerio Público. Como resultado de lo anterior el objeto del proceso resulta impreciso y confuso, el fiscal y el juez pierden el norte y la defensa no atina en su ejercicio.
c) Entrabamiento del proceso debido a cierta perplejidad de sus operadores ante la simpleza del procedimiento, que insisten en ver como algo necesariamente complejo.
d) Indiferencia de los operadores ante el principio de oportunidad en el ejercicio de la acción penal, cuyas instituciones son tímidamente utilizadas.
e) Abuso de la prisión preventiva y poca utilización de medidas alternativas, como consecuencia de la cultura inquisitorial en la que los operadores han sido formados.
f) Carácter autoritario de los jueces e intromisión en las funciones del fiscal, con grave quebranto de la imparcialidad que el sistema les exige.
g) Programación de un reducido número de juicios para cada semana, probablemente por razón de la costumbre de tramitar lentamente las causas. La experiencia costarricense demuestra que es posible para un tribunal, unipersonal o colegiado, la celebración de diez o más juicios sencillos en una semana de cinco días laborables.

Para concluir, debo enfatizar que la Universidad está llamada a tener un importantísimo papel en la ejecución de la reforma del sistema de justicia penal. La Universidad, promotora de todo cambio social necesario, debe aportar el sustrato doctrinal que sustenta la nueva cultura jurídica. Sólo la Universidad puede dar ese esfuerzo sostenido que requiere el cambio de mentalidad. Sólo la Universidad puede evitar que el proceso de cambio se estanque o se desvíe.
A los juristas de Oaxaca que han asumido visionariamente el reto del cambio, mis votos por su éxito. Ellos saben que mientras no haya justicia no habrá paz social, ni institucionalidad, ni desarrollo económico para toda la nación.

[1] Conferencia dictada el lunes 10 de octubre de 2005 en la ciudad de Oaxaca, México, con ocasión de la “Semana Jurídica”.
          DERECHO DE DEFENSA Y MEDIOS DE PRUEBA, primera parte   
DERECHO DE DEFENSA Y MEDIOS DE PRUEBA EN AMÉRICA LATINA[1] (primera parte)
[1] Ponencia presentada en el Congreso Internacional sobre Problemas Modernos y Complejos de la Prueba en el Proceso Penal, celebrado en la Universidad Jaime I del 23 al 25 de octubre de 2006 en Castellón, España.

José María Tijerino Pacheco
Ex Fiscal General de la República de Costa Rica
Consultor internacional en sistemas de justicia penal
Abogado en ejercicio ante los Tribunales de la República de Costa Rica
jmtijerinopacheco@gmail.com

1.- Introducción
El derecho de defensa es fundamental en la estructuración de un debido proceso penal, como lo es el principio de contradicción, o contradictorio, en el proceso en general. Aunque no llega a identificarse con este principio, que lo comprende y lo excede, porque la defensa penal hace referencia sólo a la actividad o deliberada inactividad de una de las partes del proceso, en este caso el imputado y su defensor, el derecho de defensa es la más relevante consecuencia del contradictorio en el proceso penal, dado que sólo cabe hablar de proceso en materia penal cuando se otorga al imputado todo ese cúmulo de derechos que posibilitan que pueda contrarrestar la actividad de persecución llevada a cabo por la policía, el ministerio público o fiscal, el acusador particular e inclusive el juez de instrucción, en los sistemas donde aún subsiste este persecutor.
Habida cuenta de la importancia de la prueba en el proceso, es natural que sea en este terreno donde se pueda medir con mayor precisión en qué grado concede el derecho de defensa un determinado sistema de justicia penal. Cuesta imaginar un ordenamiento jurídico en Occidente que no proclame de manera solemne en su Constitución el derecho de defensa, o país que no haya suscrito y ratificado su adhesión a convenciones internacionales donde dicho derecho es consagrado, pero sería una ingenuidad considerar que eso es suficiente para dar por sentado que se garantiza una defensa eficaz. Por desdicha, la defensa es escamoteada con harta frecuencia limitando el acceso a la prueba en su doble vertiente: acceso a la prueba de cargo, para controlar su recepción y poder contradecirla, y acceso a la prueba de descargo, para hallarla y hacerla llegar al juzgador.

Para determinar a cabalidad cuál es la situación en los países iberoamericanos no puede ser suficiente un estudio de sus ordenamientos en materia procesal penal. En el subcontinente es endémico el divorcio entre el deber ser y el ser, entre lo prescrito por la ley y la práctica judicial. Habría que examinar concienzudamente su jurisprudencia, y no sólo la de las cortes supremas de justicia, sino también la de los tribunales inferiores. Habría que conocer las experiencias de los abogados defensores, y no sólo de los que ejercen en las metrópolis, sino también de los del interior de cada país. Habría que consultar estudios estadísticos, por desgracia escasos y, en muchas ocasiones, poco fiables.
Lamentablemente, no han estado a nuestro alcance tales posibilidades. De allí que debamos limitar nuestro campo de estudio a lo prescrito en los códigos que regulan el proceso penal en cada unos de los países de América Latina sobre la participación de la defensa en la búsqueda y producción de la prueba.
Pero, como paso previo, estimamos preciso examinar si y cómo los distintos códigos de la región establecen el principio de necesidad de la prueba, “inapreciable garantía para la libertad y los derechos del individuo” en palabras de DEVIS ECHANDÍA[1], porque de muy poca utilidad resultaría cualquier regulación de la forma de producir las pruebas si los jueces pudieran olímpicamente prescindir de ellas al socaire de una mal entendida libertad. En materia penal el principio se contrae a la prueba de cargo, dado que, en virtud de la presunción de inocencia que ampara al imputado, no hay ninguna necesidad o exigencia de prueba para absolver.
Debemos examinar también la declaración del imputado y sus garantías, o la falta de éstas, en cada uno de los códigos objeto de nuestro estudio, porque, independientemente de la naturaleza que la doctrina reconozca a ese acto procesal, medio de defensa, medio de averiguación o medio de prueba, lo cierto es que la admisión de los cargos por el imputado contribuirá de manera determinante a dar por demostrados los hechos de la imputación y afectará rotundamente el ejercicio de la defensa.
En el tema del acceso a la prueba de cargo examinaremos tres aspectos:
a) El acceso oportuno de la defensa a las actuaciones de la etapa de investigación;
[1] Teoría general de la prueba judicial, 4ª ed., t. I, Medellín (Col.), Ed. Diké, 1993, pág. 151.

a) La participación de la defensa en los actos de producción de prueba antes del juicio, y,
b) El derecho del imputado y su defensor a confrontar a los testigos y peritos de cargo.
Por último, analizaremos las facilidades u obstáculos para que le defensa pueda acceder a la prueba de descargo y aportarla al juicio.
Los códigos que a continuación cotejaremos son los siguientes, en orden alfabético del nombre de los países:
Argentina: Código Procesal Penal de la Nación, de 1991;
Bolivia: Código Procesal Penal, de 1999;
Brasil: Código de Processo Penal, de 1941;
Chile: Código Procesal Penal, de 2000;
Colombia: Código de Procedimiento Penal, de 2004;
Costa Rica: Código Procesal Penal, de 1996;
Cuba: Ley de Procedimiento Penal, de 1977;
Ecuador: Código de Procedimiento Penal, de 2000;
El Salvador: Código Procesal Penal, de 1996;
Guatemala: Código Procesal Penal, de 1992:
Honduras: Código Procesal Penal, de 1999;
México: Código Federal de Procedimientos Penales, de 1934;
Nicaragua: Código Procesal Penal de la República de Nicaragua, de 2001;
Panamá: Código Judicial (Libro Tercero: Proceso Penal), de 1987;
Paraguay: Código Procesal Penal, de 1998;
Perú: Código Procesal Penal, de 2004;
República Dominicana: Código Procesal Penal, de 2002;
Uruguay: Código del Proceso Penal, de 1997, y,
Venezuela: Código Orgánico Procesal Penal, de 1998.

2.- Necesidad de la prueba de cargo para condenar
a) Consideraciones previas Si bien es difícil encontrar en cualquier ordenamiento procesal una disposición que expresamente autorice a los jueces a resolver al margen de la prueba y, más aún, en contra de la prueba, hay quienes han prohijado interpretaciones como la que del artículo 741 de la Ley de Enjuiciamiento Criminal española se hizo hasta época muy reciente, en el sentido de que la apreciación de la prueba en conciencia significa para el juez libertad irrestricta en esa actividad y exclusión del deber de motivar la sentencia. De esa pretendida libertad no hay sino un paso a la facultad del juez de resolver con base en su conocimiento privado, o, peor aún, con base en sus prejuicios.
Lo cierto es que la mención de la conciencia en el contexto de la valoración de la prueba da pie para interpretar que los motivos de la decisión deben quedar en el fuero interno del juez, como las razones del veredicto del jurado. Pero esa interpretación no se compadece con los principios de un estado de derecho, en el cual el ejercicio del poder debe encontrar justificación racional y debe ser transparente en su motivación.
Por eso fue más acertado un código costarricense de hace casi cien años, el Código de Procedimientos Penales de 1910, que en su artículo 102 disponía que uno de los requisitos de la sentencia definitiva era la declaración concreta de los hechos que el tribunal tuviera por probados “citándose indispensablemente el elemento o elementos de prueba que los demuestren”.
El deber de decidir con fundamento en la prueba y el deber de motivar están íntimamente entrelazados, y no debe haber en la sentencia ninguna aseveración del juez respecto al cuadro fáctico que no encuentre adecuado respaldo en algún medio de prueba. No es admisible librar ningún extremo de la motivación de la sentencia del deber del juez de exteriorizarlo mediante palabras, porque sólo lo que es posible verbalizar puede ser admitido como racional, valga decir, como digno de sustentar la decisión judicial. Todo lo inexpresable es sospechoso de irracionalidad, de simple emotividad. De allí el refrán que dice que a ideas claras corresponden palabras claras.
Hay otra forma de quebrantar el principio de necesidad de la prueba, y es la de reconocerle valor probatorio a aquello que no participa de la naturaleza de la prueba. Tal es el caso, por ejemplo, del parte policial, al que la Ley Antimaras de El Salvador, de 1 de octubre de 1983, atribuía carácter de prueba testimonial (art. 34).
Desde un punto de vista meramente formal, podrá el legislador decir que el parte policial, la denuncia o el rumor público son prueba, e incluso agregar que son prueba suficiente o plena prueba de cargo. Pero tal imposición no significará otra cosa que el atropello al principio de necesidad de la prueba. Se tratará de prescindir de la prueba o de sustituirla por lo que razonablemente no puede ser admitido como tal. SENTÍS MELENDO señalaba ha ya mucho tiempo que “se prueban afirmaciones”. “Lo que se prueba –especificaba- es la exactitud, la bondad de las afirmaciones”[1]. El parte policial, la denuncia y el rumor público tienen en común su naturaleza de afirmación, concepto distinto del concepto de prueba en tanto y en cuanto ésta tiene por objeto aquélla. Son afirmaciones esos tres conceptos porque aseguran o dan por ciertos los hechos a los que se refieren. Dar por cierto no significa probar, sino expresar un criterio subjetivo, cuya exactitud o correspondencia con la realidad aún no ha sido demostrada. La demostración de toda afirmación de interés para el proceso sólo puede producirse mediante verdaderos medios de prueba.
¿Estará el juez obligado a tener como prueba aquello que es señalado como tal por la ley, aunque no tenga esa naturaleza? Si bien el juez no debe adoptar una actitud de rebeldía ante la ley, desconocerla, el principio de libre apreciación de la prueba, sana crítica, criterio racional o como queramos llamarle a la potestad judicial de apreciar la prueba haciendo uso de la razón, es la vía de escape del juzgador ante esta celada legislativa. Sin desconocer la ley, sin cuestionarla siquiera, puede el juez en ejercicio de su libertad negarle poder de convicción a la pseudoprueba creada por la norma.
En cuanto al defensor, debe éste rechazar de forma categórica la condición de prueba de lo propuesto como tal sin serlo, y exigir que se aporten al juicio verdaderos medios de prueba, para poder confrontarlos como demanda el derecho de defensa, o se absuelva al imputado por ausencia de pruebas de cargo.

b) Presencia del principio en los códigos
De muy diversas formas establecen los códigos iberoamericanos el principio de necesidad de la prueba. Los códigos de El Salvador y Honduras lo plantean desde su primer artículo, en el marco del principio de necesidad del proceso o de juicio previo, al precisar que la sentencia firme, que es condición sine qua non para ser condenado a una pena o sometido a una medida de seguridad, debe ser precedida por la prueba de los hechos en un juicio oral y público. Otra forma de sancionar el principio en cuestión es en el contexto de la presunción de inocencia, como lo hace el código colombiano en su artículo 7º, al señalar que, como consecuencia de esa presunción, “corresponderá al órgano de la persecución penal la carga de la prueba acerca de la responsabilidad penal”, y al culminar expresando: “Para proferir sentencia condenatoria deberá existir convencimiento de la responsabilidad penal del acusado, más allá de toda duda”. De

[1] Naturaleza de la prueba, en La prueba. Los grandes temas del derecho probatorio, Buenos Aires, Ediciones Jurídicas Europa-América, 1979, pág. 38.

manera diáfana se deduce que ese convencimiento deberá derivar de la prueba presentada por el órgano de la persecución.
El código salvadoreño aprovecha el enunciado de la presunción de inocencia para reiterar el principio de necesidad de la prueba, ya expuesto en el primero de sus artículos, como habíamos vimos. En su artículo 4 se separa de la fórmula más corriente de la presunción de inocencia, que es la de hacer referencia al establecimiento o declaración de la culpabilidad, responsabilidad o punibilidad, sin mención alguna de la prueba (Honduras, art. 2; Nicaragua, art. 2; Costa Rica, art. 9; Guatemala, art. 14; República Dominicana, art. 14; Venezuela, art. 8; Ecuador, art. 4; Bolivia, art. 6º; Paraguay, art. 4; Uruguay, art. 4º), para declarar que toda persona se presumirá inocente “mientras no se pruebe su culpabilidad…”.
Un tercer código que halla oportunidad en la enunciación de la presunción de inocencia para los efectos dichos es el de Perú, que en su artículo II señala que esa situación procesal del imputado se mantiene “mientras no se demuestre lo contrario”. Idea que engarza con la frase que sigue en el texto a la formulación estricta de la presunción de inocencia, en la que se advierte una clara resonancia de la reciente doctrina española de la “mínima actividad probatoria”: “Para estos efectos, se requiere de una suficiente actividad probatoria de cargo, obtenida y actuada con las debidas garantías procesales”.
También la Ley de Procedimiento Penal de Cuba abriga en la presunción de inocencia el principio de necesidad de la prueba, al agregar a la exposición de aquélla, en el artículo 3, la terminante sentencia de que “Todo delito debe ser probado independientemente del testimonio del acusado, de su cónyuge y de sus familiares hasta el cuarto grado de consanguinidad y segundo de afinidad”. Concluye el precepto diciendo: “En consecuencia, la sola declaración de las personas expresadas no dispensará de la obligación de practicar las pruebas necesarias para la comprobación de los hechos”.
Es natural que sea en las regulaciones generales de la prueba donde encontremos abundantes manifestaciones del principio en cuestión. Bajo el claro epígrafe de “Fundamentación probatoria de la sentencia”, el código de Nicaragua establece en su artículo 191 que la sentencia sólo podrá ser fundamentada en la prueba lícita producida en el juicio oral y público o incorporada a él conforme a las disposiciones de ese código.

Un poco menos directos son en este punto los códigos de Uruguay y Ecuador. El primero de ellos dispone en su artículo 132: “No se podrá dictar sentencia condenatoria sin que obre en el proceso plena prueba, de la que resulte racionalmente la certeza del delito y de la responsabilidad del imputado”. El código ecuatoriano preceptúa en su artículo 85, bajo el epígrafe de “Finalidad de la prueba”: “La prueba debe establecer tanto la existencia de la infracción como la responsabilidad del imputado”.
Tangencialmente toca el código chileno el principio que nos ocupa al disponer en su artículo 296 cuál es el momento de producción de la prueba: “La prueba que hubiere de servir de base a la sentencia deberá rendirse durante la audiencia del juicio oral”[1].
Siempre en el ámbito de la prueba, el código de Guatemala, en su artículo 181, y el de Costa Rica, en su artículo 180, hacen referencia tácita al principio al enfatizar el deber de objetividad del ministerio público y los tribunales en la averiguación de la verdad, para lo cual deben valerse dichos órganos de los medios de prueba.
El código de Panamá es uno de los más escuetos en el extremo que analizamos. La única norma que encontramos de la cual puede inferirse el principio de necesidad de la prueba es el artículo 2073, que indica cómo se “comprueba” el hecho punible y de inmediato menciona la prueba pericial, las deposiciones de testigos, los “indicios, medios científicos o cualquier otro medio racional que sirva a la formación de la convicción del juez”. Como se ve, la norma da por sentado que la convicción del juez debe formarse con base en la prueba.
También hay referencia implícita al principio en algunos de los códigos al fijar las reglas de valoración probatoria. El código de Chile, por ejemplo, dice en el tercer párrafo de su artículo 297: “La valoración de la prueba en la sentencia requerirá el señalamiento del o de los medios de prueba mediante los cuales se dieren por acreditados cada uno de los hechos y circunstancias...” [2]. Otro ejemplo es el artículo 175 del código de Paraguay, que indica: “El tribunal formará su convicción de la valoración conjunta y armónica de todas las pruebas conocidas”[3]. Muy semejante a la del ejemplo anterior es la redacción del artículo 202 del código de Honduras. Cercana a ellas está la del artículo 157 del código del Brasil,
[1] Sin resaltar en el original.
[2] Idem.
[3] Idem.

que indica que el juez formará su convicción mediante la libre apreciación de la prueba.
Un cuarto nicho que ha encontrado el principio de necesidad de la prueba en algunos de los códigos de América Latina es el de los textos que establecen las normas de la deliberación y los requisitos de la sentencia. En las normas para la deliberación de la sentencia, específicamente, encontramos el artículo 333 del código de República Dominicana, que prescribe que las conclusiones a que lleguen los jueces deben ser “el fruto racional de las pruebas en que se apoyan”. Lo mismo sucede con el código de Chile, que dispone en el artículo 340: “El tribunal formará su convicción sobre la base de la prueba producida durante el juicio oral”; con el código de Honduras, cuyo artículo 342 dice, en lo que aquí interesa: “…el Tribunal de Sentencia, tomando como base las alegaciones de las partes y las pruebas presentadas por éstas en el juicio […], se pronunciará sobre la culpabilidad del procesado…” [1]; con el código de Bolivia, que establece en su artículo 365º: “Se dictará sentencia condenatoria cuando la prueba aportada sea suficiente para generar en el juez o tribunal la convicción sobre la responsabilidad penal del imputado…” [2], y con el código de Ecuador, que en su artículo 252, ubicado entre los principios generales de la etapa de juicio, pero que establece un precepto para la deliberación, señala: “La certeza de la existencia del delito y de la culpabilidad del acusado se obtendrá de las pruebas de cargo y descargo…”. En el requisito sentencial de fundamentación encontramos en algunos códigos atisbos del principio de necesidad de la prueba. Es el caso del código de Costa Rica, en su artículo 142, que sirvió de modelo tanto al artículo 11 bis del código de Guatemala, adicionado después de la promulgación del código costarricense, como al artículo 153 del código de Nicaragua y al artículo 124º del código de Bolivia. El texto costarricense y el texto nicaragüense son iguales; en los textos guatemalteco y boliviano se introdujeron cambios que en nada alteran el siguiente análisis. Dice así el texto compartido por los códigos de Costa Rica y Nicaragua, en la parte que aquí nos interesa: “Las sentencias y los autos contendrán una fundamentación clara y precisa. En ella se expresarán los razonamientos de hecho y de derecho en que se basan las decisiones, así como el valor otorgado a los medios de prueba”. Existe en el texto anterior una relación implícita entre el fundamento de las sentencias y los autos y los
[1] Idem.
[2] Sin resaltar en el original.

medios de prueba, de donde se puede deducir que esas resoluciones deben estar basadas en las pruebas.
Más atenuada aparece esta relación en el artículo 36 del código de Chile, que acusa la misma influencia costarricense, aunque en el primer párrafo se omitió la referencia a la prueba, lo que obliga a buscarla en el párrafo segundo, menos extenso que el modelo centroamericano. Reza así el texto del país andino:
“Será obligación del tribunal fundamentar las resoluciones que dictare, con excepción de aquellas que se pronunciaren sobre cuestiones de mero trámite. La fundamentación expresará sucintamente, pero con precisión, los motivos de hecho y de derecho en que se basaren las decisiones tomadas.”
“La simple relación de los documentos del procedimiento o la mención de los medios de prueba o solicitudes de los intervinientes no sustituirá en caso alguno la fundamentación”.
Otro tanto sucede con el artículo 290 del código federal de México: “Los tribunales, en sus resoluciones, expondrán los razonamientos que hayan tenido en cuenta para valorar jurídicamente la prueba”.
En la misma línea de pensamiento, el código de Colombia preceptúa en el artículo 162 que las sentencias y los autos deberán tener fundamentación fáctica, probatoria y jurídica “con indicación de los motivos de estimación y desestimación de las pruebas…”.
El código de Ecuador indica en su artículo 309 que es requisito de la sentencia “La enunciación de las pruebas practicadas…”, idea que refuerza el artículo 312, al disponer: “La sentencia condenatoria deberá mencionar cómo se ha comprobado conforme a derecho la existencia del delito y la responsabilidad del acusado” [1].
El artículo 342 del código de Chile incluye en el contenido de la sentencia “La exposición clara, lógica y completa de cada uno de los hechos y circunstancias que se dieren por probados […] y de la valoración de los medios de prueba que fundamentaren dichas conclusiones…”.
Coincidente con el código chileno es en este punto el código de Perú, que en su artículo 394º incluye entre los requisitos de la sentencia “La motivación clara, lógica y completa de cada uno de los hechos y circunstancias que se dan por probados o improbados, y la valoración de la prueba que la sustenta…”.
[1] Sin resaltar en el original.

Algo semejante establece el código de Honduras en el artículo 141 con las siguientes palabras: “La motivación expresará […] las pruebas tenidas en cuenta, así como las razones del valor probatorio [sic] que se les haya atribuido” [1] . Idea que refuerza el artículo 338 al estatuir: “…se expresarán las pruebas tenidas en cuenta para declarar probados esos hechos…”.
En forma mucho más tenue aparece el principio de necesidad de la prueba en el código federal de Argentina, que no contiene una referencia directa a la prueba al establecer el deber de motivar la sentencia. El único asidero para el principio en examen sería la exigencia de exposición sucinta de los motivos de hecho en la sentencia, contenida en el artículo 399. Se podría considerar que al exigirse la motivación fáctica implícitamente se está haciendo referencia a la prueba de los hechos.
En ese sentido expresa GÓMEZ COLOMER: “La motivación fáctica debe abarcar indubitadamente la probatoria, pues es imprescindible, si el término motivación se utiliza en toda su profundidad y no desde un punto de vista meramente formal, que básicamente el condenado y demás partes (pero también la sociedad en general) sepan, no sólo por qué hechos se le impone una pena o medida de seguridad, o ambas, sino también qué pruebas han inclinado la balanza en su contra y qué elementos de convicción se han derivado de ellas”[2] .
Por último, en algunos códigos latinoamericanos el principio de necesidad de la prueba ha encontrado alojamiento en el ámbito de las impugnaciones. La situación se da en los códigos de Colombia, Venezuela, Nicaragua, República Dominicana, Paraguay y Chile. Uno de los motivos del recurso de casación en el código colombiano, según el artículo 181.3, es “El manifiesto desconocimiento de las reglas de producción y apreciación de la prueba sobre la cual se ha fundado la sentencia” [3]. En el artículo 452 del código de Venezuela se señala como motivo de casación que la sentencia “se funde en hechos no constitutivos de prueba alguna, o en pruebas obtenida mediante infracción de preceptos constitucionales o a través de medios que la ley no autorice” [4]. El precepto es semejante al del artículo 387 del código de Nicaragua, que establece como motivo de casación la “Ilegitimidad de la decisión por fundarse en prueba inexistente, ilícita o no incorporada legalmente al Juicio o por
[1] Idem.
[2] En Derecho Jurisdiccional III Proceso penal, con MONTERO AROCA, MONTÓN REDONDO y BARONA VILAR, 12ª ed., Valencia, Ed. Tirant lo Blanch, 2004, pág. 343.
[3] Sin resaltar en el original.
[4] Idem.

haber habido suplantación del contenido de la prueba oral…” [1]. De ambas disposiciones precedentes se colige, en primer lugar, la necesidad de que la sentencia esté fundada en prueba, y, en segundo lugar, que esa prueba debe ser obtenida lícitamente e incorporada al proceso en la forma prescrita por la ley.
En el mismo orden de ideas, expresa el artículo 417 del código de la República Dominicana que es motivo del recurso de casación que la sentencia “se funde en prueba obtenida ilegalmente o incorporada con violación a los principios del juicio oral”. Otro tanto sucede con el código de Paraguay, que en su artículo 403, dispone que uno de los defectos de la sentencia que “habilitan la apelación y la casación” es “que se base en medios o elementos probatorios no incorporados legalmente al juicio”. De allí se sigue que en estos dos últimos códigos el principio de necesidad de la prueba se manifiesta de forma implícita, al hacerse referencia a las condiciones que debe tener la prueba que dé sustento a la sentencia.
Para finalizar este capítulo, el artículo 374 del código chileno establece que es motivo del recurso de nulidad la omisión en la sentencia de los requisitos previstos en el artículo 342, literal c). Se refiere el precepto a la exposición de cada uno de los hechos que se dieren por probados y de la valoración de los medios de prueba que los sustenten.

3.-Declaración del imputado y sus garantías
El nivel de garantismo en la declaración del imputado, o su ausencia total, depende básicamente de los siguientes factores:
a) Presencia o ausencia del abogado defensor;
b) Autoridad ante la cual se rinde;
c) Información brindada al imputado de previo a la declaración, y,
d) Reconocimiento del derecho al silencio (ius tacendi).

a) Presencia o ausencia del abogado defensor Exigen expresamente la presencia del abogado defensor en la declaración o interrogatorio del imputado los códigos de El Salvador, en su artículo 242, al disponer: “El imputado deberá entrevistarse previamente con su defensor, antes de contestar cualquier interrogatorio”; Uruguay, que preceptúa en su artículo 53.3: “La declaración o manifestación negativa del imputado deberán ser prestadas necesariamente en
[1] Idem.

presencia y con la intervención del defensor…”; Venezuela, cuyo artículo 127 reza: “En todo caso, la declaración del imputado será nula si no la hace en presencia de su defensor”; Paraguay, al establecer en su artículo 84: “En todos los casos, la declaración del imputado sólo tendrá validez si la hace en presencia de un abogado defensor…”; Bolivia, que prevé en su artículo 94º “Las declaraciones del imputado no podrán llevarse a cabo sin la presencia del abogado defensor”; Honduras, que dice en su artículo 289: “La declaración del imputado […] se prestará siempre en presencia del Defensor…”; Ecuador, que en su artículo 71 ordena: “Ninguna persona podrá ser interrogada, ni aun con fines de investigación, sin la presencia de un abogado defensor…”, precepto que reitera en la específica regulación de la declaración del imputado en la instrucción fiscal, en el artículo 218; República Dominicana, cuyo artículo 18 indica: “El defensor debe estar presente durante la declaración del imputado”, y Perú, que advierte en el artículo 86º que el imputado “prestará declaración […] con la necesaria presencia de su abogado defensor…”.
En el código de Brasil la presencia del abogado defensor en la declaración del imputado no está dispuesta de manera expresa. Se colige de dos artículos: en primer lugar, del artículo 261, en el capítulo que dedica al acusado[1] y su defensor; dispone dicho artículo que ningún acusado será procesado o juzgado sin defensor. En segundo lugar, del artículo 187, en el capítulo del interrogatorio del acusado; establece ese artículo que el defensor del acusado no podrá intervenir o influir, de cualquier modo, las preguntas y respuestas del interrogatorio. No obstante, queda la duda de si la presencia del defensor en el interrogatorio está prescrita como un requisito de validez o es meramente facultativa. Admiten la declaración sin presencia del defensor otros códigos, como el de Costa Rica, que dispone en su artículo 93: “Antes de que el imputado declare sobre los hechos, se le requerirá el nombramiento de un abogado, si no lo tiene, para que lo asista y se le informará que puede exigir su presencia y consultar con él todo lo relacionado con su defensa. En ese caso, si no está presente el defensor, se le dará
[1] No parece existir en la lengua portuguesa el sustantivo “imputado”, que pueda dar lugar a una diferenciación procesal con el término “acusado”, que es el que el código brasileño utiliza en toda oportunidad en la que hace referencia al perseguido por la justicia. El Novo diccionario da língua portuguesa, de Aurélio Buarque de Holanda Ferreira, en su 2ª ed. (Rio de Janeiro, Ed. Nova Frontera, 1986), registra únicamente el sustantivo femenino “imputação” (imputación) y el verbo “imputar”. La definición que de “acusado” da GRECO, hijo, confirma que su significado es tan amplio como el del sustantivo español “imputado”: “O acusado é a pessoa natural, mayor de 18 años, a que se imputa a prática de uma infração penal” (Manual de processo penal, São Paulo, Ed. Saraiva, 1991, pág. 220).

aviso inmediato, por cualquier medio, para que comparezca…” [1]. De lo anterior se infiere que sólo en caso de que el imputado exija la presencia del defensor es ésta necesaria.
Otro tanto acaece con el código de Panamá, en el cual de la redacción de los artículos 2113 y 2114 se colige que es procesalmente admisible la indagatoria en ausencia del defensor:
“Terminado el interrogatorio de identificación, el funcionario de instrucción informará al imputado […] que tiene el derecho de nombrar defensor.
Si el imputado se negare a declarar…” (art. 2113).
“Si el imputado no se opusiere a declarar, el funcionario instructor […] invitará al imputado a manifestar cuanto tenga por conveniente, en descargo o aclaración de los hechos, y a indicar las pruebas que estime oportunas” (art. 2114).
En la anterior secuencia de actuaciones descrita por el código panameño se percibe que no hay solución de continuidad entre la advertencia del derecho de nombrar abogado defensor y la declaración del imputado que no se haya opuesto a declarar. De donde se deduce la posibilidad, muy grande, de que no esté presente en el acto quien apenas un momento antes no había sido siquiera nombrado defensor.
Igual sucede con el código federal de México, en el que el artículo 154 dice que en la “declaración preparatoria” al “inculpado” […] “se le hará saber el derecho que tiene para [sic] defenderse por sí o por persona de su confianza, advirtiéndole que si no lo hiciere, el juez le nombrará un defensor de oficio. A continuación se le impondrá de la naturaleza y causas de la acusación […] se le examinará sobre los hechos consignados así como la participación y las circunstancias personales del inculpado…”. Es claro en el texto que lo que inmediatamente precede al “examen de los hechos”, no es el nombramiento del defensor, ni mucho menos su necesaria comparecencia en el acto procesal en curso, sino simplemente la advertencia al imputado del derecho de nombrar defensor.
La idea anterior es reforzada por lo que señala en su inicio el artículo 156: “Tanto la defensa como el agente del Ministerio Público, quien deberá estar presente en la diligencia, podrán interrogar al inculpado…”. Se exige, entonces, sólo la presencia del agente del Ministerio Público.
[1] Sin resaltar en el original.

En el código de Cuba hay una significativa omisión del defensor en todo el capítulo dedicado a la declaración del acusado (arts. 160-166). A lo anterior hay que agregar que entre las causas para iniciar el proceso, en el artículo 106, se encuentra, después de la denuncia, una ominosa confesión, rendida no se sabe ante quién ni en qué circunstancias, y que, de conformidad con el artículo 368, “En los juicios que se celebren ante los Tribunales Municipales Populares no es indispensable la participación de Defensor”. Pertinente es señalar que, según dispone el artículo 8, dichos tribunales pueden imponer pena de prisión de hasta nueve meses.
El código de Guatemala, prolijo en señalar las condiciones que deben darse para la declaración del imputado, deja abierta la posibilidad de que ella se produzca sin estar presente el defensor. Igual que el código costarricense, establece, en su artículo 81, que “el sindicado […] será instruido acerca de que puede exigir la presencia de su defensor…”.
El código de Chile prescribe en el artículo 91, que “Si, en ausencia del defensor, el imputado manifestare su deseo declarar, la policía tomará las medidas necesarias para que declare inmediatamente ante el fiscal. Si esto no fuere posible, la policía podrá consignar las declaraciones a que se allanare a prestar, bajo la responsabilidad y con la autorización del fiscal. El defensor podrá incorporarse siempre y en cualquier momento a esta diligencia” [1]. Prevé la misma posibilidad de declaración sin defensor la situación contemplada en el artículo 93.d), que es el derecho del imputado de “Solicitar directamente al juez que cite a una audiencia, a la cual podrá concurrir con su abogado o sin él, con el fin de prestar declaración sobre los hechos materia de la investigación” [2] (art.93.d). Si bien la disposición corresponde a lo que la doctrina identifica como el derecho de presentación espontánea, clara manifestación del derecho de defensa, lo cierto es que admite la posibilidad de que en la declaración del imputado no se encuentre presente el abogado defensor. El código federal de Argentina dispone la presencia meramente facultativa del defensor en la declaración indagatoria, al señalar en su artículo 197, en concordancia con los artículos 184 y 294, que “podrá” el abogado entrevistarse con su patrocinado inmediatamente antes de ese acto o de que la policía le dirija preguntas para constatar su identidad. En la misma línea de pensamiento se encuentra el artículo 295, que dice: “A
[1] Sin resaltar en el original.
[2] Idem.

la declaración del imputado sólo podrán asistir su defensor y el ministerio fiscal. El imputado será informado de este derecho antes de comenzar con su declaración” [1].
En los códigos de Colombia y Nicaragua no existe nada semejante a la indagatoria o declaración del imputado antes de la prevista en el juicio oral, que uno y otro código regulan no como un acto regular de la audiencia del juicio, sino como un eventual testimonio del acusado, con todas las formalidades propias de ese medio de prueba. El código colombiano lo hace en el artículo 394 y el código nicaragüense, en el artículo 311.
Oportuno es señalar que también el código de Ecuador, en el artículo 143, admite la declaración del imputado en el juicio como testimonio, con juramento optativo, además de prever una declaración durante la instrucción fiscal en el ya citado artículo 218.
No obstante, los tres códigos admiten la posibilidad del interrogatorio policial, con manifestación expresa de la necesidad de la presencia del defensor en el código ecuatoriano (art. 71), en forma no claramente definida en el código colombiano, que sólo establece expresamente el derecho del imputado de “Tener comunicación privada con su defensor antes de comparecer frente a las autoridades” (art. 8º.g) y la necesidad de que el imputado cuente con defensor “desde la primera audiencia a la que fuere citado” (art. 119), y con necesaria presencia del defensor, en forma implícita, en el código nicaragüense, que en su artículo 95.10 reconoce el derecho del imputado y del acusado[2] a “Ser asesorado por un defensor…” y en el segundo párrafo del mismo artículo establece: “Se reconocen los derechos del imputado a toda persona llamada a declarar por la Policía Nacional como posible autor o partícipe de la comisión de un delito”.

b) Autoridad ante la cual rinde declaración el imputado No cabe duda de que no existe el mismo grado de garantía si la declaración se rinde ante un sujeto procesal imparcial, al menos formalmente, como un juez, que si se rinde ante la contraparte, aunque también lo sea formalmente, como un funcionario del
[1] Idem.
[2]El Código Procesal Penal de la República de Nicaragua distingue, en el artículo 94, entre “imputado” y “acusado”. El primero es “toda persona que ha sido detenida por las autoridades o contra quien el titular de la acción penal solicite al juez su detención [,] como posible autor o partícipe de un delito o falta [,] o citación a Audiencia Inicial…”. Del primero de los derechos reconocidos al imputado o al acusado por el artículo 95 se infiere que también es imputado quien está siendo investigado por la policía, es decir, el sospechoso. “Se denomina acusado –sigue diciendo el artículo 94- la persona contra quien se presenta la acusación”.

ministerio público o fiscal. La situación se agrava si quien está autorizado para recibir la declaración del imputado, como acto procesal y no como simple indagación para orientar las investigaciones previas, es la policía. Si a esta declaración ante la policía se le reconoce algún valor probatorio, desaparece todo vestigio de garantismo.
Un juez es el funcionario designado por la ley para recibir declaración al imputado, antes del juicio, en los códigos de Argentina (art. 294), Guatemala (art. 87), Brasil (art. 186), México, en la llamada “declaración preparatoria”, durante la instrucción (art. 155), sin perjuicio de la potestad del Ministerio Público Federal y otros funcionarios de policía judicial de “citar para que declaren sobre los hechos que se averigüen a las personas que por cualquier concepto participen en ellos” (arts. 123 y 125); El Salvador (arts. 259-264), sin menoscabo de la facultad de interrogar que mantiene la policía, conforme el artículo 242; Honduras (arts. 286, 287, 289 y 290), que también prevé la potestad del ministerio público y la policía de recibirle declaración durante la investigación preliminar (art. 273.1); Venezuela, si el imputado hubiere sido aprehendido (art. 127); Uruguay (art. 53.1) [1], y Paraguay, si es en la etapa intermedia (art. 84).
En el código de Cuba se dispone que sea un funcionario policial, el “Instructor de la Policía”, el que reciba la declaración del acusado en la “fase preparatoria del
juicio oral”, según se desprende del artículo 105, en cuanto señala: “El Fiscal ejerce el control de la fase preparatoria, que se realiza por el Instructor. La diligencia de la fase preparatoria se practica directamente por el Instructor de la Policía, del Departamento de Seguridad del Estado o de la propia Fiscalía, según proceda…” , y del artículo 161, cuando indica que “El Instructor…estará en el deber de hacerle saber [al acusado] de qué se le acusa, por quién y los cargos que se le dirigen, e instruirlo del derecho que le asiste para prestar declaración…” Un funcionario del ministerio público es la autoridad competente para recibir declaración al imputado en la etapa preparatoria o anterior al juicio oral en los códigos
[1] Es oportuno señalar que en el Código del Proceso Penal, de Uruguay, la primera declaración del imputado y todas las que posteriormente quiera hacer las recibe el mismo tribunal que conocerá del plenario, que no se diferencia de las fases que le preceden (fase de las primeras actuaciones y fase preparatoria del plenario) en cuanto a la recepción de la prueba, dado que todas las diligencias probatorias, tanto las de las fases previas al plenario como las de éste, se realizan en audiencias orales y con la garantía de la contradicción y son válidas por igual para fundamentar la sentencia.

de Panamá (2007, 2112-2126), Costa Rica (art. 91), Perú (art. 86º.2), Chile (91 y 194)[1], Ecuador (218), Venezuela (art. 127)[2]; Paraguay (art. 84)[3], Bolivia (art. 97º) y República Dominicana (art. 103).
Ya dijimos que los códigos de Nicaragua y Colombia no prevén una declaración del imputado como tal, sino un eventual testimonio en el juicio oral.
Prohíben expresamente a la policía recibir declaración al imputado los códigos de Argentina (art. 184), Guatemala (art. 88), Bolivia (art. 92º) y República Dominicana (art. 103). Implícitamente lo prohíbe el código de Venezuela, al disponer en su artículo 293 que las autoridades de policía comunicarán la notitia criminis al Ministerio Público dentro de las ocho horas siguientes y sólo practicarán las diligencias necesarias y urgentes.
Autorizan el interrogatorio policiaco los códigos de Cuba, como ya vimos con amplitud (arts. 105 y 161); Brasil (art. 5,V); México (arts. 123 y 125), El Salvador (art. 242), Honduras (art. 273.1); Nicaragua (arts. 95, párrafo II, y 230.3), Chile (art. 91), Colombia (art. 205) y Perú (art. 86º.2)
Guardan silencio sobre la potestad de la policía de interrogar al sospechoso o al imputado los códigos de Panamá, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Paraguay y Ecuador, los tres últimos, quizás, por haberse considerado innecesario, dado que subordinan la actuación policial a la dirección del ministerio público.

c) Información al imputado de previo a la declaración
El imputado, antes de declarar, debe recibir información sobre los hechos y sus circunstancias, su significación jurídica (calificación legal), pruebas que los sustentan y derechos que le asisten como sujeto procesal. Los códigos iberoamericanos cumplen en distinto grado con esta garantía. Así el código federal de México prevé la información sobre “el derecho que tiene [el inculpado] para [sic] defenderse por sí o por persona de su confianza, advirtiéndole que si no lo hiciere, el juez le nombrará un defensor de oficio. A continuación se le impondrá de la naturaleza y causas de la acusación; se le hará saber la querella, si la hubiere, así como los nombres de sus acusadores y testigos que depongan en su
[1] No obstante, el imputado tiene derecho de solicitar al juez que cite a una audiencia para recibir su declaración (art. 93).
[2] Cuando comparezca el imputado voluntariamente o sea citado, si estuviere detenido, la declaración la recibirá el juez.
[3] Durante la investigación, no en la etapa intermedia.

contra”, además se le informará de la garantía constitucional de libertad provisional bajo caución, cuando proceda (art. 154).
El código de Brasil es muy limitado en este punto: el juez hará saber al imputado que, aunque no está obligado a responder a las preguntas que le sean formuladas, su silencio podrá ser interpretado en perjuicio de su propia defensa (art. 186). Como se ve, más que información garantista, lo que tenemos aquí es la advertencia de que no se respetará en toda su extensión el ius tacendi.
El código de Cuba dispone que el Instructor “estará en el deber de hacerle saber [al acusado] de qué se le acusa, por quién y los cargos que se le dirigen, e instruirlo del derecho que le asiste para prestar declaración, si quisiera hacerlo, lo cual podrá realizar en cualquier momento y cuantas veces lo solicite” (art. 161).
El código de Panamá, en su artículo 2113, indica las siguientes advertencias: “cuál es el hecho que se le atribuye, que puede abstenerse de declarar y que tiene el derecho de nombrar defensor”.
Los códigos de Argentina (art. 298), Guatemala (art. 81), Costa Rica (art. 92), El Salvador (art. 259), Venezuela (art. 128), Paraguay (art. 86), Bolivia (art. 92º), Honduras (287), República Dominicana (art. 105) y Perú (art. 87º) son los más amplios en orden a las advertencias preliminares a la declaración del imputado. Ilustrativa de esa amplitud resulta la fórmula del código dominicano:
“Antes de comenzar su declaración, el imputado debe ser advertido de su derecho a no autoincriminarse y de que el ejercicio de ese derecho no puede perjudicarle. Asimismo, se le instruye en el sentido de que su declaración es un medio de defensa y, por consiguiente, tiene derecho a explicar todo cuanto sirva para desvirtuar las imputaciones que se le formulen, y a solicitar la práctica de las diligencias que considere oportunas.”
“Acto seguido, se le formula la indicación del hecho punible que se le atribuye, con todas las circunstancias de tiempo, lugar y modo, en la medida conocida, incluyendo aquellas que sean de importancia para la calificación jurídica, un resumen de los contenidos de prueba existentes […] y las disposiciones legales que se juzguen aplicables”.
Omite este código advertir sobre el derecho a que esté presente el abogado defensor porque, como habíamos señalado y conviene aquí recordar, el artículo anterior dispone: “En todos los casos, la declaración del imputado sólo es válida si la hace en presencia y con la asistencia de su defensor”.
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   

RIVERTON, Utah (AP) - The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country.

Former New Mexico Gov. Bill Richardson has been brought ...

          Rand Paul to Bernie Sanders: Collective Bargaining Only Works With Voluntary Groups, "Not The Gulag"    
CNN's Erin Burnett asks Rand Paul about his claim that large associations of people should pool their risk and purchase health insurance together. She says, by that logic, why not pool everyone in the country together in a single-payer system in order to maximally distribute risk. Paul responds: SEN. RAND PAUL: It is an artifact of tax policy dating back to World War II that said insurance is going to be tied to employment. If we weren't doing that -- If we said to the people in the individual market, to the plumber, for example, you can join the Chamber of Commerce. You can join the Plumber's Association. You can join the 'Individuals that want to group together' association, and buy your insurance as a group, you could get a way out of that individual conundrum and get a group policy. Most group policies have things like pregnancy. If you work for General Motors, my guess is pregnancy is automatically in your insurance because you are a big group and you have the leverage to demand from your insurance company-- ERIN BURNETT, CNN: So why not just have the biggest group of all, and have insurance for everybody? RAND PAUL: Well, Socialism is not a good idea. I know you can ask my friend Senator Sanders. But Socialism is an utter failure, it leads to poverty. Look at Venezuela. It is one of the most resource-rich countries in all of the world. The average person there lost 20 pounds last year, not through choice, but from virtual starvation. BURNETT: You did make a great argument for nationalized health care. You said the bigger the group, the lower the cost, so I'm taking your argument to its logical conclusion. PAUL: No, no, I'm talking about voluntary groups, not the gulag -- when people join together, large associations with a good idea. Collective bargaining is not a bad idea. Labor, getting together. But that's not the government doing it. That's just people getting together, in order to have more leverage in the marketplace. So I'm all for trying to balance the equation with insurance companies. I think they have too much power, but I am not willing to have the government break them up. Sen. Bernie Sanders joins Burnett right after Paul, and responded thusly.
          Outubro de 2018, a Lava-Jato eleitoral.   
Outubro de 2018, a Lava-Jato eleitoral.:



urna-eletronica_1.jpg
Artigo de Percival Puggina afirma que a terceira fase da Lava-Jato terá que ser feita por nós, em outubro do ano que vem:


Há mais de meio século estudo e acompanho a política brasileira. Vivi, inclusive, períodos de participação ativa no final do século passado. Confesso que nunca observei algo que guarde analogia com o que estamos presenciando nestes desregrados anos. Tensões, conflitos, antagonismos são disponibilizados a quem participa da política com a mesma assiduidade com que o pão comparece à mesa do café da manhã. Esse serviço diário é proporcionado pela disputa do poder e encontra sua síntese nos alinhamentos de governo e oposição. Em países que se dizem democráticos, sem a hipocrisia dos hierarcas cubanos e venezuelanos, sempre há um governo e sempre há uma oposição livre. Os cidadãos, naquilo que lhes corresponde, reconhecem essa polarização identificando-se com algum dos lados.

O Brasil destes inusitados dias é curiosa exceção. Há governo, há oposição, mas ampla maioria da sociedade, se pudesse, botava os dois blocos no olho da rua. A polarização se tornou jogo meramente institucional, em cujos desdobramentos, inclusive, são rotineiros os momentos de convergência e recíproca proteção sempre que interesses escusos estão sob ameaça. Nestes casos, as ideologias são mandadas às favas e se estabelece, sólida, a sociedade dos celerados. A nação - militantes à parte porque formam uma categoria social distinta - percebe os fatos e se distancia dos polos políticos. É baile de cobra onde não se entra sem perneira. A rede com que se captura a confiança dos eleitores tem rombos pelos quais até baleias transitam.

Inusitado, também, o desalento nacional perante as estruturas do poder político. Insistentemente tenho escrito sobre a irracionalidade do nosso modelo institucional, sua fertilidade em gerar crises e incompetência para resolvê-las sem gravíssimas sequelas. Em linguagem farmacológica, nossos remédios institucionais são estranhos placebos, com paraefeitos que se agravam quando as sessões dos tribunais superiores são submetidas ao crivo da opinião pública. Definitivamente, eles não se ajudam quando metem os pés políticos pelas mãos jurídicas.

Além da tela do computador com o qual escrevo, além da touch screen do telefone celular, há um mundo nada virtual, bem real, clamando por ordem, justiça e atenção às suas necessidades básicas; há todo um setor produtivo carecendo de estabilidade, credibilidade e capacidade de investimento. Nosso país é um gigante geográfico e populacional onde solavancos políticos afetam a vida de milhões de pessoas. E nós estamos enfrentando terremotos. É desde essa perspectiva, tomado por desalento em relação às urgências nacionais, como as reformas ora em debate e as político-institucionais, que desejo registrar três convicções.

Primeira: não é tudo a mesma coisa. Ainda que a desonra venha a atingir equitativamente os blocos de governo e oposição, em quase tudo mais que importa há, entre eles, desigualdades muito relevantes sobre temas fundamentais. Refiro-me, por exemplo, a papéis do Estado, privatizações, corporativismos, equilíbrio fiscal, economia de mercado, direito de propriedade e violações a esse direito; educação, família, aborto e políticas de gênero; segurança pública, conflitos sociais e drogas. E por aí vai, que a lista é longa.

Segunda: a justiça tardará a chegar. A morosidade do sistema, que muitos de nossos ministros dos tribunais superiores consideram necessária à boa administração da justiça, não permitirá que esse poder de Estado, antes das próximas eleições, remova da cena política as organizações criminosas que envergonham a nação.

Terceira: a principal fase da operação Lava Jato será tarefa nossa. Ela ocorrerá em outubro do ano que vem, quando, num flash bissexto, o poder transitará pelas mãos do povo... (A íntegra do texto pode ser lida aqui)

          Tour de Julieta Venegas na América do Sul quase não chega ao Brasil (Viva Porto Alegre !!)   
A californiana (de coração mexicano) Julieta Venegas, chega com a turnê do disco “Otra Cosa” à América do Sul. No Brasil, as apresentações serão dias 11 e 12 de Maio somente em Porto Alegre. O Tour passa ainda pelo Chile, Argentina, Uruguai e Venezuela. Mais uma vez os produtores devem ter dormido no ponto… pois […]
          Immigrants return to Spain after seven years of crisis-led decline   
In a first since 2009, there were more migrant arrivals than departures; Venezuelans, Moroccans and Colombia head list
          Venezuela : la droite mène une attaque terroriste, et s'en prend aux journalistes   
Une étape a été franchie le 27 juin à Caracas : détournant un hélicoptère de la police, un commando a lancé une attaque à la grenades contre la cour suprême du venezuela ainsi que le ministère de l'intérieur, alors qu'un rassemblement s'y tenait réunissant la presse à l'occasion de la Journée Nationale des Journalistes. 4 grenades ont été lancées sur la cour suprême, dans ce qu'il faut bien appeler un bombardement visant les 80 personnes qui s'y (...) - International /
          62 studenter er arrestert i Venezuela (Altaposten)   
Politiet har arrestert 62 studenter i demonstrasjoner i Caracas. Myndighetene anklages for å fengsle motstandere uten lovlig grunn. (Altaposten)
          Three Percent Unemployment: The Optimism of Unicredit   
Harm Bandholz, Unicredit's chief U.S. economist, talks about his optimistic view of the unemployment rate and says it would be positive for the U.S. if the Eurozone strengthens. Robert Profusek, a partner at Jones Day, says the pace of deal-making isn't slowing but it's taking longer to close. Finally, Dennis Gartman, editor and publisher of the Gartman Letter, says the recent gold drop may have been caused by Venezuela selling.
          Gang Of Whore In Venezuela   
Watch Gang Of Whore In Venezuela at free fuck and porn video site
          The Latest: Venezuela leader promotes investigated officer   

          Venezuela's defiant chief prosecutor requests protection   

          Maduro ruft Venezolaner auf: Findet den „Terror-Piloten“!   
Der Präsident von Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro, hat die Einwohner des Landes aufgerufen, den Sicherheitsbehörden bei der Suche des Hubschrauber-Piloten Oscar Perez zu helfen, der das Gebäude des Obersten Gerichts und des Innenministeriums in Caracas angegriffen hatte, berichtet RIA Novosti am Freitag.
          Lionel Messi y Antonella Roccuzzo son oficialmente marido y mujer (Video)   
El jugador del Barcelona, Lionel Messi y su, ahora esposa, Antonella Roccuzzo, dijeron “sí acepto”, pasadas las 7:00 de la noche hora Venezuela, en el complejo City Center de la ciudad Rosario en ...

Más en DiarioContraste.com


          Venezuela   
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          America’s Enemies Ally to Sink the Dollar   
New Zeal According to Venezuela’s Marxist president Maduro, the BRICS summit will change the world order. Four Marxist ruled states (Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa) together with heavily communist infiltrated India, are working together on a plan which could destroy the US dollar and sink the economy. From the British communist paper Morning Star: […]
          On Ed Snowden's "Oppressive Regime Tour"   

For those who argue--ridiculously--that Edward Snowden should have "faced the music" and stayed in the US rather than "tour the oppressive, anti-human-rights regimes of the world", a little reminder: Neither Russia, nor Ecuador, nor Venezuela, nor Cuba executed anyone in 2011 (the most recent year for which statistics are available).

The United States? We put 43 human beings to death in 2011 alone.

That puts us behind China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, and Iraq, but ahead of every other nation in the world in terms of the state killing of citizens.

Torture?

Does it count when the US "renditions"--aka, has other cruel regimes do it for us, like Syria, Egypt, or Jordan? Because even if it doesn't, we're right up there at the top among the world's torturers.

Good grief, people. Take off the prima-donna sleep mask, open your eyes, and wake the hell up.

P.S. As for rendition, the U.S. is still at it, too--the only difference between then (under Bush) and now is that our government currently claims it is overseeing things so that when we do apprehend someone suspected of wrongdoing, throw a hood over his head, and haul him off to another country to be "interrogated", the questioning will not be accompanied by torture--at least, not as far as we know (because it is, after all, taking place in another country, and we can't completely control what goes on behind closed doors). Don't you feel better?

Image: Andy Warhol, Little Electric Chair (Green), 1964
          Venezuela's defiant chief prosecutor requests protection   

Venezuela's defiant chief prosecutor requests protectionCARACAS, Venezuela (AP) — Venezuela's chief prosecutor asked the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for protection Friday, days after the Supreme Court barred her from leaving the country and ordered her bank accounts frozen.



          Banca pública y privada planifican la distribución y ampliación del cono monetario   
Representantes del Banco Central de Venezuela (BCV), la banca pública y privada,  de los organismos de seguridad y transporte de valores, se reunieorn en Caracas con el objetivo de planificar la distribución de los billetes del nuevo cono monetario que entrará en circulación el próximo lunes 16 de enero de 2017. Así lo informó el […]
          Cartera manufacturera del BDV alcanzó los Bs 131.629 millones   
La cartera manufacturera del Banco de Venezuela (BDV) ascendió a Bs 131.629 millones al cierre del mes de noviembre de 2016, prostate así lo dio a conocer una nota de prensa del BDV. De esta manera, order la gaveta alcanzó un crecimiento interanual de Bs 76.202 millones, check equivalente a 137,5%. Asimismo, en lo que […]
          Ruta de Manaos a Aeropuerto Santa Elena de Uairén   
Consulta fácilmente el trayecto más óptimo para llegar desde Manaos, Amazonas, Brasil hasta Aeropuerto Santa Elena de Uairén, Bolívar, Venezuela
          Ruta de Brasilia a Santa Elena de Uairén   
Consulta fácilmente el trayecto más óptimo para llegar desde Brasilia, Distrito Federal, Brasil hasta Santa Elena de Uairén, Bolívar, Venezuela
          NOAH ROTHMAN: The Syria next door. As Maduro continues to shed the confidence of Venezuelan power…   
NOAH ROTHMAN: The Syria next door. As Maduro continues to shed the confidence of Venezuelan power brokers, the talk of a military coup has grown louder and louder. The head of a group of exiled Venezuelan officers, former National Guard Lieutenant Jose Colina, told The Telegraph that the regime’s support rests on the shoulders of a handful of politically loyal army officers. The unreliable ones are being sent to the provinces or are being disposed of in other, grislier ways. “The government is purging the armed forces as it anticipates having to use the army to repress growing street protests,” said retired Admiral Ivan Carruto. While there are no outward signs of dissent against the government, Reuters revealed that recruiting for the military and police is becoming more difficult. The Telegraph reported that, according to exiled sources, some 5,000 officers have left the Venezuelan army and could make up the backbone of paramilitary forces in the event of a…
          6/30/2017: WORLD: Helicopter attack may be sign of things to come in Venezuela   

Former police officer Oscar Perez piloted a stolen helicopter from which four grenades were dropped on the Venezuela’s Supreme Court building on Wednesday. Perez, whose location yesterday was unknown, said in an Instagram caption that he and his...
          1 year later, Utah man stuck in Venezuela jail amid unrest   
RIVERTON, Utah (AP) -- The parents of a Utah man imprisoned in Venezuela one year ago as of Friday fear their son will die in a Caracas jail with no relief in sight and growing volatility in the South American country....
          A STEADY RAIN Extends After Sold-Out Hollywood Fringe Festival Run   

After a sold-out run during the 2017 Hollywood Fringe Festival, and the 2017 Better Lemons Audience Choice Award winner, A Steady Rain, written by Keith Huff (Mad Men, House of Cards) and directed by premier acting coach John Kirby (The Count of Monte Cristo, Peter Pan, Scream 4, This is Us), continues its run that has audiences on the edge of their seats. A Steady Rain re-opens July 14 at The John Kirby Studio in Hollywood for a three-week run through July 30.


Filled with sharp storytelling and biting repartee, A Steady Rain is a gritty, darkly poetic duologue about two Chicago police officers whose inner need to serve and protect consumes them - and also rips them apart. RJ DeBard (The Commission, Remnant, God Shots) and Andy Hoff (Mad Men, NCIS, NCIS LA, Lethal Weapon, Justified, How I Met Your Mother, A Perfect Getaway) star as partners on the force whose lifelong friendship is put to the test when a deadly error of judgment sends their lives spinning out of control.


Joey (Hoff) and Denny (DeBard) are Chicago cops and lifelong friends. After being passed over for detective promotions the third time in a row, it's obvious that Denny's aversion to following protocol, Joeys drinking problem, and dual formal reprimands from the department are stonewalling their careers. When a domestic disturbance call takes a twisted turn, a severe lapse in judgement begins to unravel their trust and loyalty. Told entirely by the two characters, this story rips, seamlessly, between individual recounting and live action. It's increasingly apparent, however, that the two sides of their story don't add up.


Initially produced by Chicago Dramatists in 2007 and then at the Royal George Theatre in Chicago in 2008, A Steady Rain won the Joseph Jefferson Award for Best New Work. In 2009 it opened on Broadway in a production that starred Hugh Jackman and Daniel Craig and broke box office records. Time magazine named A Steady Rain one of the Top 10 Plays of 2009, noting that "Huff's taut, tough-minded script takes potentially clichéd material - the moral challenges faced by cops on the urban mean streets - and makes it fresh and compelling."


"I was drawn to this remarkable story of friendship. These two Chicago childhood best friends have the same dream to "serve & protect". When the system fails them and the competition begins, who's going to protect them from their own human weaknesses. Keith Huff wrote a brilliant script that captures all humanities frailties," explains Kirby. "I was intrigued by this remarkable story of friendship. This two character piece allows my actors to go on a ride with every dimension of the human condition bringing about tour de force performances!"

Keith Huff has written the film adaptation of A Steady Rain for Barbara Broccoli and Michael G. Wilson (EON Films); original pilots for HBO, Steven Spielberg/Dreamworks TV and AMC; and was writer/co-producer for Season One of the NetFlix series House of Cards, featuring Kevin Spacey, and Season 4 of AMC's Emmy and Golden Globe Award-winning series Mad Men, for which he won a 2011 Writers Guild Award (Best Drama Series). Other plays include Big Lake Big City, The Detective's Wife, Pursued By Happiness, and The Bird and Mr. Banks. A Steady Rain continues to be produced across the US and around the world, including in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, France, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Japan, Mexico, Spain, Uruguay and Venezuela. Huff has an MFA from the University of Iowa's Playwright's Workshop, is a Resident Alumnus at Chicago Dramatists, and is the recipient of a Joseph Jefferson Award, the Cunningham Prize, the John Gassner Award, the Berrilla Kerr Award, and three Illinois Arts Council Playwriting Fellowships.


John Kirby was born to a successful theatre and television actor Bruce Kirby, and younger brother to the late actor Bruno Kirby, has balanced a demanding career that has spanned over three decades. At age 21 he held the Artistic Director Position at the renowned 'Cast Theatre' for several seasons with the late Ted Schmidt, kept busy writing a weekly column called "Casting About" for Dramalogue (now called BackStage West) and continues to dedicate himself and his abilities to each actor he works with. Hailed by the Hollywood Reporter as "An Actor's Guardian Angel" Kirby has trained, worked with, coached, taught, and directed thousands of incredible actors; from Oscar winners like Jeff Bridges, to a long list a Movie Stars including Cameron Diaz, Jim Caviezel & Morris Chestnut to Tony winners such as Judith Light for her Broadway performance of Wit. Kirby's work has taken him across the globe from numerous states in the U.S. to Australia, Scotland, Ireland, and South Africa. He has also worked with and coached on numerous Television programs including Chrissy Metz on NBC's new hit show This Is Us. He has also shared his expertise by appearing weekly on If I Can Dream, Hulu's first reality series produced by American Idol. Throughout the years, Kirby has directed numerous plays across the United States including; The Crucible, Our Town, Tartuffe and he also coached the entire cast of The 2015 National Tour of Tyler Perry's Madea on the Run.


Scenic design for A Steady Rain is by Mike Flannery; lighting design is by Donny Jackson; sound design is by Aaron Lyons; stage manager is Mara Aguilar; and produced by Andy Hoff and Nathan Nesbitt.

Performances of A Steady Rain take place on Fridays and Saturdays @ 8 p.m. and Sundays at 7 p.m., July 14 through July 30. Tickets are $20. The John Kirby Studio is located at 1510 N. Las Palmas Avenue, Los Angeles CA 90028. For reservations and information, call (323) 467-7877 or go to steadyrain.brownpapertickets.com.


          62 studenter gripna i Venezuela   

          Estrada Breaking Through   
TRENTON, NJ -- Signed for just $49,000 out of Venezuela in 2012 as a non-drafted free agent, Thairo Estrada, had long been overlooked as a middle-infielder prospect on the national scene. However, finding success in Double-A Trenton, he is finally making an impression as one of the most versatile and consistent players in the Yankees system.
          Georgina Beyer and Transgender Politicians   
Georgina Beyer is a transwoman whose achievements have been extraordinary. Beyer is a New Zealand institution and the world's first transsexual Member of Parliament. But for those of you not from these shores, it's worth adding a little background.

Beyer was in office when I first came to New Zealand. What struck me about New Zealand (as I mentioned here on this blog) is what a masculine country it is. Men here are real men: they drive trucks, they shoot animals, they drink beer. And you can keep your other namby-pamby ball games: the national sport here is rugby. In fact, I stated here without irony that I have found what I consider to be the pinnacle of masculine behaviour here.

And yet, behind that façade there are some curious observations. New Zealand was the first country to give women the vote, implementing true universal suffrage in 1893 (it took the US until 1920, and the UK languished until 1928). Wikipedia describes New Zealand as considered "one of the world's most stable and well-governed nations".
Wikipedia: Between March 2005 and August 2006 New Zealand became the only country in the world in which all the highest offices in the land (Head of State, Governor-General, Prime Minister, Speaker of the House and Chief Justice) were occupied simultaneously by women.
And one of my other heroes, Richard O'Brien, author of the Rocky Horror Show, grew up here and is now a citizen. For more of my reflections on New Zealand, read my article about him.

Georgina Beyer
So it's in this unusual environment that we find Georgina Beyer. Born in 1957, she had a turbulent and unhappy childhood. Her natural parents divorced when she was five years old. Her mother soon remarried. Beyer's stepfather was a lawyer (whose surname she took), but the marriage was not a happy one. Beyer was sent to boarding school where, feeling rejected, she attempted to take her own life. She left school at sixteen to pursue a career in acting.

Beyer always looked feminine, and was sometimes taken for a girl, which made her feel "far more comfortable". She moved to Wellington, where she met members of the gay and drag scene for the first time, including Carmen Rupe. "It was as if I had arrived home". She began to work as a cabaret artist and occasionally a prostitute, and took drugs. During this time, she was attacked and raped by a group of men.

She underwent full sex reassignment surgery in 1984, at the age of about 27. She began to have success as an actress, but was usually typecast as transsexual or transvestite characters, and she had difficulty finding work. Eventually she enrolled in a government-sponsored training scheme in the small country town of Carterton.


Her Honour the Mayor of Carterton
Carterton, a small "redneck" country town, predominantly white, was slightly taken aback by the presence of a Maori transsexual woman. But it's clear that Beyer is a person of extraordinary abilities, and her openness, ability, integrity, and determination, soon won over the locals. Friends suggested that she stand for election to Carterton District Council, to some outrage from the standing members, and she was eventually elected Mayor, in 1995, at the age of 38.

A natural leader, outspoken and fearless, and with great experience to draw on, the new Mayor of Carterton was a great success, and did considerable good for the town, winning the hearts of its inhabitants, who are still very proud of her. She was approached by the NZ Labour Party to stand for election to Parliament for the entire region, the Wairarapa. She won by a landslide, taking the seat from the expected favourite NZ National candidate.

She served as a member of Parliament until 2007. For much of that time, Helen Clark was the Prime Minister. Since resigning from Parliament, Beyer's political career has been impaired because of health issues, and she is currently awaiting a kidney transplant.

A tribute evening was arranged for Beyer by friends and family in November 2013.

Beyer agreed to be interviewed by me, but unfortunately, after I sent her my questions, she suffered a bout of illness. Since that time, she hasn't been responding to my emails. I waited several months for her to get well, and sent some reminders during that time, but there has been no response. She did, however, approve the text above, and the images I selected, for publication in this blog.
Vladimir Luxuria

Naturally if I am able to make contact with her again, I will keep you posted about the result. The NZ media reported that Beyer had stood as a candidate for the Mana Movement in the most recent General Election in this country, earlier this year.

Beyer published her autobiography, Change for the better: the story of Georgina Beyer with Random House in Auckland in 1999. A TV documentary about her life, Georgie Girl, was made in 2001, and you may be able to see some of it here or even here (though it may be unavailable outside NZ).

In research for this article, I came across the story of Vladimir Luxuria, the second transsexual member of parliament in the world. Luxuria held office in Italy from 2006-2008 for the constituency of Lazio. Luxuria lives as a woman but has not had sex-reassignment surgery, and (according to Wikipedia) is legally a male.

I wonder who will be the third?

===
Addendum 23rd October 2014

Nikki Sinclaire
Well, that took less than 24 hours! My thanks to Sam for bringing to my attention Nikki Sinclaire, a British parliamentarian, who held a seat in the European Parliament from 2009 until June 2014, for the West Midlands constituency.

According to Wikipedia, Sinclaire underwent sex reassignment surgery at the age of 23. She came out as a lesbian in 2004 at the age of 36. However, she only publicly revealed that she was born a boy in 2013, which means she was elected without anyone knowing of her trans status.

In 2013, she released her autobiography, entitled Never Give Up, published by Junius Press. Sinclaire's personal website can be found here.

Okay, so my question is now: who will be the fourth?

===
Addendum 28th October 2014

Anna Grodzka
Now I am beginning to feel foolish. My thanks to Carole Fraser for pointing out that there is already a fourth, Anna Grodzka, who was elected to the Sejm, Poland's lower house of parliament, in 2011, representing the anti-clerical Palikot party. She is still in office, although has switched to the Green Party earlier this year.

Details about Grodzka are somewhat sketchy. Wikipedia reports that she transitioned in 2009, having sex-reassignment surgery in Thailand. Grodzka's own website seems to be blank apart from a background.

The Polish Wikipedia article (using online translation software) says she was formerly married and has an adult son. She has a degree in clinical psychology from the University of Warsaw, and has been in the military, and worked in publishing and in radio.

It's interesting to compare these four. They seem to have very little in common. Beyer transitioned at a young age, but was very open about her transition and was elected very publicly (mentioning her transition in her maiden speech in parliament). Sinclaire, who transitioned at a similarly young age, told no-one and only came out recently, after leaving office. Grodzka (aged 60) transitioned much later in life, and was elected as a transwoman. And Luxuria hasn't transitioned at all!

Stu Rasmussen
Apart from their interests in politics, there seems little to unite these women, other than them all being male-to-female. I wonder if the fifth transgender politician will be a female-to-male?

===
Addendum 29th October 2014

My thanks to Ralph for drawing my attention to Stu Rasmussen, mayor of the town of Silverton, Oregon. Rasmussen (aged about 66) prefers male pronouns, but has breast implants and lives full-time as a woman.

If I were going to be strict, I would say that Rasmussen doesn't "count", since he hasn't been elected to a nationwide governing body such as a parliament or a senate. Nonetheless, he is clearly a transgender politician, and I think he (along with the others on this page) deserves a considerable amount of congratulation for standing in public office while being transgendered (and seemingly being successful enough in post that he was re-elected after coming out). It's worth looking at Rasmussen's website here.

Keep them coming, folks!

===
Addendum 10th May 2016

Geraldine Roman
Over in the Philippines, known for their traditional Roman Catholicism, Geraldine Roman has just been elected as congresswoman for the 1st district of Bataan. Roman (49) has been living as a woman for 22 years. She has a degree in journalism from a university in Spain and is married to a Spanish citizen.

Roman comes from a politically-influential family. She holds the same office that her mother vacated, representing the Liberal Party. Both her parents are politicians, and are supportive of Roman's openly transgender status. In the Philippines, divorce, abortion, and same-sex marriage are illegal, and transsexual people are forbidden to change their name and legal sex.

As of yesterday, Roman didn't have a Wikipedia page. But she does now! Meanwhile, a good article about her can be found here on the BBC.

===
Addendum 28th August 2016

I have just come across Enza Anderson, a Canadian transwoman who has run for mayor of Toronto (unsuccessfully) as well as other public offices.

===
Addendum 7th December 2016

This BBC article mentions Tamara Adrian of Venezuela. Adrian was sworn into the National Assembly of Venezuela in 2015 using her male birth name, since in Venezuela it is illegal to change sex.
          Venezuela’s Crumbling Democracy   
Is Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro about to pull off the biggest heist in the country’s democratic history? He appears to be a month away from stealing all remnants of what was once one of Latin America’s most stable democracies. On July 30, Maduro will hold a constituent assembly he convened by decree instead of by
           The Latest: Venezuela leader promotes investigated officer   
Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro is promoting an intelligence chief being investigated for human rights abuses to be chief of the nation's army
           Venezuela's defiant chief prosecutor requests protection   
Venezuela's chief prosecutor has asked the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for protection, days after the Venezuelan Supreme Court barred her from leaving the country and ordered her bank accounts frozen
          Gobierno pide a Estados Unidos rectificar sobre Venezuela y comenzar nueva etapa de relaciones   

El presidente de la República, Nicolás Maduro, hizo un llamado este viernes al presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, a que rectifique su política sobre Venezuela. En ese sentido, dijo que el país está preparado para iniciar una nueva etapa de relaciones con Estados Unidos, “pero en base al respeto absoluto”. “Esta tierra es libre, […]

La entrada Gobierno pide a Estados Unidos rectificar sobre Venezuela y comenzar nueva etapa de relaciones se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          Maduro participa en encuentro del programa Convite de Conucos Escolares en Miranda   

En estos momentos, el presidente de la República, Nicolás Maduro, participa en el cierre del encuentro del Programa Convite de Conucos Escolares en el estado Miranda. Acompañado por el ministro de Educación, Elías Jaua, el mandatario reivindicó el concepto del conuco “porque es el concepto histórico de nuestra Venezuela”. En desarrollo

La entrada Maduro participa en encuentro del programa Convite de Conucos Escolares en Miranda se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          Inauguran empresa mixta ruso-venezolana Perforosven en la Faja Petrolífera del Orinoco   

La empresa mixta Perforosven, constituida entre Petróleos de Venezuela (Pdvsa) y la estatal rusa Rosfnet, fue inaugurada este viernes en la Faja Petrolífera del Orinoco Hugo Chávez, en el sector El Tigrito del estado Anzoátegui. El presidente de la estatal venezolana, Eulogio Del Pino, precisó que Perforosven servirá para prestar servicio a las otras empresas […]

La entrada Inauguran empresa mixta ruso-venezolana Perforosven en la Faja Petrolífera del Orinoco se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          Precio del petróleo venezolano se recupera y cierra en 39,95 dólares   

Precio del petróleo venezolano se recupera. El precio del barril de petróleo venezolano recuperó 72 centavos en los últimos siete días, al pasar de 39,23 dólares que cotizó la semana pasada a 39,95 dólares este viernes, informó este viernes el Ministerio de Petróleo de Venezuela. “Los precios petroleros se recuperaron en una semana marcada por […]

La entrada Precio del petróleo venezolano se recupera y cierra en 39,95 dólares se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          Jorge Valero criticó declaraciones de portavoz de la ONU sobre Venezuela   

El embajador de Venezuela ante la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU) en Ginebra, Jorge Valero, criticó este viernes las declaraciones sobre el país que más temprano ofreció Rupert Colville, vocero de la oficina del Alto Comisionado de Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos. “Es lamentable que el portavoz de la oficina del Alto Comisionado […]

La entrada Jorge Valero criticó declaraciones de portavoz de la ONU sobre Venezuela se publicó primero en noticiaaldia.com | Noticias de Maracaibo Sucesos del Zulia.


          THE LIGHTBULB LIZARD OF BENJAMIN SHREVE - ILLUMINATING A HERPETOLOGICAL CONTROVERSY FROM TRINIDAD   

Artistic representation of the Trinidadluminous lizard's possible appearance when glowing, as based upon Ivan T. Sanderson's claim (© Philippa Foster)

Among the fishes and several different taxonomic groups of invertebrate (including comb jellies, cnidarians, molluscs, insects, centipedes, millipedes, crustaceans, and annelid worms) are many bioluminescent species. That is, living creatures which actively carry out chemical processes to produce and emit light.

Officially, however, there are no bioluminescent species among the terrestrial vertebrates - but claims have been made that there may in fact be a notable exception of the reptilian kind.

I first learnt about, and then duly investigated, this fascinating yet surprisingly little-known case back in the mid-1990s, and here is what I uncovered at that time, followed by the extraordinary revelations that have occurred since then – yielding in this present ShukerNature blog article of mine the most comprehensive account ever published online.

A selection of fully-confirmed bioluminescent creatures depicted in a vintage illustration from 1890 (public domain)

In March 1937, during an animal collecting trip to the West Indies, American zoologist and cryptozoologist Ivan T. Sanderson visited Mount Aripo (aka El Cerro del Aripo), at 3,084 ft high the loftiest peak in Trinidad and part of this island's Northern Range. He had been capturing some freshwater crabs in a series of dark subterranean pools there when he suddenly spied a faint light in a crevice beneath a ledge. The light promptly went out, but Sanderson was curious to discover its source, so he flashed his torch into the crevice - and was most surprised to find a small lizard.

Attempting to coax it into his net, Sanderson gently tickled the lizard, but instead of running out it turned its head away - and as it did so, Sanderson was very startled to see both of its flanks momentarily lighting up "...like the portholes on a ship". When he finally succeeded in capturing it, this remarkable reptile lit up again, glowing brightly in his hand with a pale greenish hue that Sanderson subsequently likened to the glow produced by the hands and figures of a luminous watch.

As zoologists were previously unaware of any bioluminescent lizards, Sanderson was very thrilled by his discovery, which he documented in his book Caribbean Treasure (1939). Ironically, however, apart from its unique glowing ability the lizard, which was a male, seemed relatively nondescript in general appearance - with a long tail but short legs, a sharply-pointed muzzle, dark brown upperparts, and rosy salmon-pink underparts (turning yellow under its head) surfaced with large rectangular scales of plate-like form.

Ivan T. Sanderson's book Caribbean Treasure (© Viking Press, reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

Its only distinctive features were its body's lateral eyespots or 'portholes', constituting a series of large circular black blots running from the neck to the groin on both flanks, because each of these blots contained a vivid white bead-like spot. And it was these spots that were the source of the lizard's apparent luminescence, as determined by Sanderson during some basic experiments:

We made it [the lizard] hot and cold, and moist and dry alternately; we blew a loud whistle in its ear, we tickled it, and we subjected it to flashes of bright light...This creature seemed to produce its light in response to sudden emotional disturbance, rather than through actual physical reactions...The loud whistle, sudden winds, and flashes of light greatly agitated our lizard, causing it to switch on its 'portholes'. We noticed that this light was much brighter the first time it was switched on after the animal had been quiescent for a period, and more especially after it had previously been subjected to intense illumination.

Eventually, Sanderson shipped off his amazing little lizard to the British Museum (Natural History) in London, where it was studied in detail by fellow zoologist H.W. Parker. It was found to belong to a species already known to science (indeed, Parker himself had formally named and described it in 1935), but only just. An exceedingly rare member of the tejid (aka tegu) family Teiidae, and normally measuring 11-15 cm long, it was called Proctoporus (=Oreosaurus) shrevei (in honour of the very gifted American amateur herpetologist Benjamin Shreve), and had hitherto been represented in scientific collections only by a single preserved juvenile and one preserved adult female. Sanderson's specimen was therefore the first male of this species to have been brought to scientific attention, and until now no-one had suspected that it may be bioluminescent when alive.

Proctoporus shrevei (copyright holder presently unknown to me despite my having made considerable efforts to discover this; reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

During his visit to Trinidad, Sanderson collected seven more individuals of this species, and as preserved specimens these too were examined by Parker. In a paper published by the zoological journal of London's Linnaean Society in 1939, Parker revealed that it was sexually dimorphic, with only the males sporting the distinctive 'porthole' markings (a further reason why no bioluminescence had been reported from the specimens procured prior to Sanderson's), and that in every porthole the epidermis of the white bead at the centre was less than half the thickness of the epidermis of the black ring surrounding it. In addition, the white bead's epidermis was transparent, lacking any form of pigment. In other words, each porthole literally constituted a black-edged circular window.

How the portholes functioned, however, remained a mystery, because Parker found no associated nerve endings or an increased blood supply, thereby eliminating any likelihood that they were directly connected with the sensory or circulatory systems. Nor did he find any ducts connecting them with the exterior, or any complex lenses or reflecting structures.

Whatever they were, therefore, these portholes were clearly very simple in structure, and Parker offered three possible explanations for their luminosity. In life, the portholes may contain some substance that either glows when it breaks down (the principle of bioluminescence in various fishes), or glows when exposed to light (as with the paint used in luminous watches). The third option is that the transparent central beads of the portholes are underlain with reflective tissue. (A fourth possibility, that the portholes contain glowing bacteria which create their luminosity, can be rejected, because Parker did not report the presence of any bacteria within them.)

Ivan T. Sanderson as a young man (copyright owner presently unknown to me despite considerable searches made; reproduced here on a strictly non-commercial Fair Use basis only)

Inevitably, the prospect of a luminous lizard duly attracted attention from several other zoologists, who studied specimens of P. shrevei and various related tejids to find out whether any of them really did glow - but none of them did! And so in 1960, reporting at some length in the journal Breviora their own negative findings with P. achlyens from Venezuela and Neusticurus [now Potamites] ecpleopus ocellatus from Peru (both of which possess porthole markings resembling those of P. shrevei), American biologists Drs Willard Roth and Carl Gans rejected Sanderson's claims regarding P. shrevei's bioluminescence.

Yet Sanderson was an extremely experienced field zoologist, and Parker's histological studies convinced him that the portholes were genuine luminous organs. So who was correct? If P. shrevei were the only bioluminescent species, this would of course render worthless any comparative studies with related species. Moreover, at the time of my own initial examination of this case, only one zoologist other than Sanderson had actually investigated luminosity with living P. shrevei specimens, and he may simply not have stimulated them sufficiently for them to light up. (I subsequently found out that this latter zoologist was Prof. Julian S. Kelly – see later.)

My above account presents the situation concerning Trinidad's intriguing 'glowing lizard' that I had uncovered during my mid-1990s investigations. Since then, however, much additional information has come to light (pun intended!), and, as I discovered after unearthing it, this extra data includes some very significant new insights into P. shrevei and its alleged bioluminescent capabilities.

Map of Trinidad, highlighting its Northern Range, where Mt Aripo is (public domain)

First of all, it is nowadays deemed not to be a true tejid, so it is housed within a separate taxonomic family, Gymnophthalmidae, which contains many species. These are sometimes referred to as microtejids, because they are smaller than true tejids. Also, they tend to be quite skink-like in appearance, with certain species possessing reduced limbs.

I was pleased to learn that following further field studies, P. shrevei is no longer considered to be as rare as previously claimed. Indeed, the IUCN officially categorises it as being of Least Concern, and the IUCN Red List website states: "...although the distribution [of this species] is limited (with an extent of occurrence of 210 km2), the population trend appears to be stable, there are no current threats, and it occurs in at least two protected areas".

In addition, the IUCN assigns this species to the genus Riama, although quite a few other authoritative sources checked by me retain it within Proctoporus (so I shall do the same here for text consistency purposes), and refers to it via a very memorable common name that ties in with its supposed abilities – Shreve's lightbulb lizard. But is this name warranted?

Mark O'Shea lecturing at West Midlands Safari Park (© Ghaly-Wikipedia – CC BY-SA 3.0 licence)

During my original investigations of Shreve's lightbulb lizard in the mid-1990s, I communicated with the West Midlands Safari Park's internationally-renowned herpetological expert Mark O'Shea, famed not only for his numerous scholarly publications but also for his fascinating TV show O'Shea's Big Adventurein which he travelled the world seeking rare or unusual reptiles and amphibians. Mark was very interested in this mystifying lizard species, and I was delighted when he subsequently visited Trinidad to look for it. His search featured in 'Exotic Island', the tenth episode of his show's first series, screened in 1999.

After arriving in Trinidad, Mark and his camera crew teamed up with Caesar, a local guide, and with Dr Victor Quesnel (named as Quinnel in some reports), a retired Trinidad-based economic botanist who was also a very knowledgeable all-round naturalist (he died in 2014). But before they set off on their arduous trek in the hope of emulating Sanderson's original success in encountering this island's luminous enigma in 1937, they were able to chat with Javrien Capriata (aka Capriata Dickson), who had been Sanderson's guide back then, and was now over 80 years old (Sanderson himself had died in 1973). Happily, Mark's search proved successful too, as the team found two specimens, a male and a female. (Moreover, during a much later expedition in 2008, Dr Quesnel actually rediscovered the specific cave where Sanderson had captured his lizard in 1937 but which had not been found since then; it is now known as Sanderson's Cave.)

These two lizards were duly videoed in a dark room by Mark's cameraman while they were being illuminated artificially and for a time after the artificial illumination had been turned off. The video was then viewed closely to see whether there were any signs of luminescence from them. Not surprisingly, the female lizard did not glow, as it lacked the all-important porthole markings. Conversely, the male did indeed appear to glow for a short time after the illumination had been turned off. Unfortunately, however, it was not possible to determine whether this constituted bona fide glowing from the lizard, or whether it was merely a trick of the light caused by filming and the camera adjusting to the darkness after the illumination had been extinguished.

Ivan T. Sanderson in later years (© Dr Bernard Heuvelmans)

During the first half of the year 2000, I exchanged a series of letters with herpetological specialist Hans E.A. Boos from Port of Spain, Trinidad's capital, who is extremely knowledgeable concerning the reptilian fauna of this island. Needless to say, therefore, one of the subjects that we discussed was P. shreveiand its alleged bioluminescence. Hans was very sceptical about this, and even more so concerning the reliability of Sanderson's eyewitness testimony (it has to be said here that Sanderson was well known for exaggerating claims at times, although this behaviour may have been caused by a brain tumour that developed over time and apparently contributed to his relatively early death, aged just 62).

In one of his letters to me, dated 22 January 200, Hans revealed that he had kept specimens of this lizard species in captivity for a considerable time but had never seen them light up. He also noted that both Dr Quesnel and Trinidad-based zoologist/newspaper columnist Prof. Julian S. Kenny had attempted to repeat the conditions reported by Sanderson but again had failed to achieve any success in stimulating the lizards to illuminate. In a subsequent letter, dated 14 April 2000, Hans mentioned to me that during the previous evening he'd had dinner with Dr Quesnel and had discussed fully with him the subject of P. shrevei. Quesnel had announced that he planned to try to collect a couple more specimens and this time arrange for high-quality histological sections to be prepared, with the tissues of the portholes properly fixed, in the hope of deducing something new regarding their supposed luminosity.

On 3 October 2004, the Trinidad Express newspaper published a short article written by Prof. Kenny that expanded upon Hans's comment concerning his investigations of Shreve's perplexing little lightbulb lizard. After referring to Sanderson's capture and claims regarding this species, Kenny revealed that American zoologist Prof. E. Newton Harvey (died 1959), a leading authority on bioluminescence, had once asked him to conduct an experiment to confirm his belief that Sanderson's claims were unfounded. The Harvey/Kelly experiment involved injecting some living specimens of P. shrevei with 1:10000, and 1:1000 doses of adrenalin. This treatment had already been shown to trigger light production in bioluminescent fishes, but it did not induce any reaction in the lizards.

Prof. E. Newton Harvey (public domain)

Also in 2004, what is acknowledged to be the defining scientific paper dealing with this contentious species' reputed glowing behaviour was published in the Caribbean Journal of Science. One of its three authors was Dr Quesnel, who revealed that, in fulfilment of his hopes expressed to Hans Boos in 2000, he had indeed succeeded in conducting further field investigations of P. shrevei, in May 2001 and again in May 2002.

Two male specimens were captured in rock crevices near to a cave entrance at the summit of Mount Aripo – i.e. the same general locality as Sanderson's own discovery. After examining them in the field, Quesnel took them to a field station for further investigation, where they were studied under light and dark conditions at different times of the day. Yet no observations, either in the field or at the field station, revealed any light emission from the portholes. The same was true with a third specimen that had been captured and studied previously by Quesnel. Clearly, therefore, they did not appear capable of bona fide bioluminescence, i.e. the active generation of light by living organisms via chemical means.

But what about the prospect that the portholes were highly reflective, or perhaps even phosphorescent? (That is, reflecting incident invisible light as visible light but over a longer time period than in fluorescence and without heat.)

Vintage illustration from 1904 depicting a further selection of known bioluminescent creatures (public domain)

To test this possibility, Quesnel directed high-intensity light from a xenon lamp at the lizards from varying angles. No light was emitted by the lizards, thereby demonstrating that they were not phosphorescent. However, light was readily reflectedby their porthole (ocellar) scales. As Quesnel et al. explained in their paper:

...if P. shrevei is observed along the same plane from which light is directed, the normally obvious white ocelli cannot be seen against the reflection from all other scales. But, when viewed from an angle oblique to the light source, the ocelli appear brighter, while surrounding scales show no reflection. By varying the angle of reflected light, an illusion is created that the ocellar scales are intermittently emitting light, thus providing an explanation of Sanderson's original account of the lizard "switch[ing] on its portholes." The illusion produced by the reflective scales also explains recent accounts, as well as Sanderson's description of the white ocelli "remain[ing] plainly discernable in a darkened box when the rest of the animal was invisible." The ocellar scales reflect and intensify ambient light while the darker ground coloration renders the rest of the lizard invisible in a dimly lit environment.

It was also noted that the illusory effect of the reflective porthole scales was enhanced by a varying in intensity of the black pigment surrounding these scales, and that this varying of the black pigment's intensity appeared in turn to be dependent upon the lizards' stress levels - because it became darker when the lizards were first handled, but faded somewhat after several minutes. The black pigment surrounding the porthole scales heightened their reflective effect, making them look a brighter white:

When viewed immediately after handling the lizards, the ocelli appear to pulse or fluctuate in brightness as the surrounding pigment changes intensity. After a quiescent period, the ocelli are still reflective but do not appear as bright as when the surrounding skin pigmentation is darker. Again, this could explain Sanderson's description that light from the lizard "was much brighter the first time it was switched on after the animal had been quiescent for a period of time," and "after one brilliant display... it refused to shine with full brightness." The darker dermal pigmentation, presumably associated with higher stress levels during handling, heightens the reflective appearance of the white ocellar scales. Decreased pigmentation during inactive periods gives the illusion that the lizard is not producing light at full intensity.

In short, these studies appear to have comprehensively refuted Sanderson's claims that Shreve's lightbulb lizard is bioluminescent. Instead:

...the lizard's unique scales act like small parabolic mirrors, reflecting light at oblique angles. The intensity of this reflectivity is, in turn, influenced by the intensity of surrounding dermal pigmentation and by the angle at which a lizard is oriented relative to a light source. Thus, ocellar reflection produces an illusion that light is emitted by P. shrevei at varying intensities, a phenomenon which obviously has confused a number of persons.

Partial view of the Northern Range, Trinidad, whose Mount Aripo is home to Shreve's still-mystifying microtejid (image cropped) (© Sanjiva Persad/Wikipedia – CC BY 2.0 licence)

Even so, one major light-related mystery concerning Shreve's very surprising microtejid still remains unsolved. Namely, why has so remarkable a morphological feature as this lizard's parabolic mirror scales evolved in the first place, and why only in male specimens?

These are questions that the study of Quesnel and his co-workers did not seek to answer, although, as they did point out, P. shrevei is a reclusive nocturnal species that inhabits dark localities and whose behaviour in the wild is unknown – all of which make any attempt at speculation fraught with difficulty. Nevertheless, it occurs to me that in view of their sex-specific and also age-specific occurrence, perhaps these scales' light-reflecting abilities function as a means of visual communication by which adult males attract adult females for mating purposes. An alternative option is that this light-reflection ability is used as a defence mechanism, to startle or ward off potential predators, but if this were true, why do only males possess the necessary scales?

Clearly it is high time that some comprehensive field studies were conducted in relation to this small yet very thought-provoking lizard, neglected by science for far too long, in the hope of finally shedding some much-needed light (in every sense!) upon the currently cryptic purpose(s) of its unique parabolic portholes.


The present ShukerNature blog article is a greatly expanded and fully-updated version of a short account that appears in my book Mysteries of Planet Earth(1999).









          THE WARRACABA TIGER AND OTHER SOUTH AMERICAN PACK-HUNTING MYSTERY CATS   

Bush dog (public domain)

According to native Indian testimony, as well as that of certain Western explorers and cryptozoological investigators, South America is home to several different types of mysterious, scientifically-unidentified cat that are very distinct from one another morphologically but which are reputedly united by a single characteristic that if genuine is highly unusual for jungle-dwelling felids – for they supposedly hunt in packs, like dogs. Indeed, so unusual do these ostensibly canine cats seem that, as will be revealed here, some authorities have suggested that perhaps they truly are canids, and not felids at all. (And for another South American mystery cat that may in reality be a dog, click here to read my ShukerNature article re the mitla)..

TRUMPETING ABOUT GUYANA'S FEROCIOUS WARRACABA TIGERS
The warracaba (or waracabra) tiger, as it is known to the Guyanan natives, differs from the typical jaguar (called 'tigre' by Hispanics here) in an extremely significant way with respect to behaviour. For whereas the recognised jaguar Panthera onca (whether spotted or black) is a solitary hunter, Guyana's elusive warracaba tiger allegedly hunts in packs, which in turn may contain dozens of individuals. Needless to say, any felid that hunted in this manner would be a very special kind of cat indeed.

Normal spotted jaguar with black (melanistic) jaguar (public domain)

Not surprisingly, therefore, the warracaba tiger has attracted considerable interest from travellers to Guyana. In an Animal Kingdom periodical article from 1957, the eminent American naturalist and author William Bridges incorporated an impressive series of reports concerning this animal, dating back to the end of the 19th Century (oddly, modern-day reports are all but non-existent). These include the following selection.

In his book Twenty-Five Years in British Guiana, published in 1898, Henry Kirke, a former Sheriff of Demerara, noted:

There is a mysterious beast in the forest called by the native Indians the "waracabra tiger." All travellers in the forests of Guiana speak of this dreaded animal, but strange to say, none of them appear to have seen it. The Indians profess the greatest terror of it. It is said to hunt in packs (which tigers [jaguars] never do), and when its howls awake the echoes of the forest, the Indians at once take to their canoes and wood skins as the only safe refuge from its ravages.

Indeed, this was precisely the action taken by Indian attendants of British explorer C. Barrington Brown upon hearing (though not seeing) the approach of one such pack in an incident occurring at the edge of Guyana's Curiebrong River during the mid-1800s. On this occasion, a single boat was used as the means of escape, which Brown boarded too. Enquiring the nature of these evidently much-feared felids, Brown was informed by the Indians that they were small but exceedingly ferocious tigers; that they hunted in packs; and that they were not frightened by camp fires or anything except the barking of dogs. Upon crossing the river, however:

...a shrill scream rent the air from the opposite side of the river, not two hundred yards above our camp, and waking up echoes in the forest, died away as suddenly as it rose. This was answered by another cry, coming from the depths of the forest, the intervals being filled up by low growls and trumpeting sounds, which smote most disagreeably on the ear. Gradually the cries became fainter and fainter, as the band retired from our vicinity, till they utterly died away.

Brown remarked that these beasts' cry resembled that of the waracabra bird (better known as the grey-winged trumpeter Psophia crepitans, a predominantly glossy-black relative of the cranes, coots and bustards), hence the name 'waracabra tiger'. These latter mystery animals are called y'agamisheri by the Accawoio Indians, who state that they vary in both size and colour and that as many as a hundred individuals can constitute a single pack. Little wonder that Brown's Indian companions were so desperate to depart. The prospect of meeting up with a hundred or so jaguars (even under-sized ones) all at once would surely daunt even the most courageous of human hunters!

Vintage photos of trumpeters (public domain)

In Among the Indians of Guiana, published in 1883, author and explorer Sir Everard F. im Thurn alleged that he had actually encountered three warracaba tiger eyewitnesses but admitted that it was clear that the tale related by one of them was much exaggerated. Im Thurn also offered his own suggestion concerning these fabled felids, that reports of them had taken their roots from the fact that puma families occasionally travel together.

During the early part of the 20th Century, Lee S. Crandall, who went on to become the General Curator of New York's Bronx Zoo, spent time working in Guyana and encountered many reports of the warracaba tiger. Once again, however, he never met an Indian who affirmed unequivocally that he had not merely heard but had also actually seen any of these mysterious creatures. This latter aspect is a frequent but notably perplexing com­ponent of warracaba tiger reports - the creatures are heard but never seen.

Consequently, as a solution to the mystery of the warracaba tiger and especially to this notably strange facet of their case history, Crandall proposed the following elegant explanation. Namely, that this beast was not a special form of jaguar at all; instead, it was simply some animal species that hunted in packs at night, yet which voiced such terrifying sounds whilst doing so that no Indian had ever been brave enough to investigate the identity of these sounds' originators - as a result of which they had never realised that this aurally abhorrent creature was in fact already known to them by sight during the daytime.

Crandall even named the species that he felt was responsible - an animal that is neither jaguar nor, in fact, any form of felid, but is one of South America's most unusual species of wild dog. Namely, the bush dog Speothos (formerly Icticyon) venaticus, a very curious, little-known canid not closely related to other species.

Bush dogs (© Dr Karl Shuker)

Measuring no more than 3 ft in total length and a mere 1 ft in shoulder height, in colour it is dark reddish-brown dorsally and virtually black ventrally (rather rare amongst non-melanistic mammals). The bush dog's distribu­tion extends from Panama and Colombia to northern Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, northernmost Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and Paraguay. According to certain reports, it does hunt in packs (indeed, it may spend its entire life in packs), but in general behaviour is exceedingly secretive.

Worth noting was the impression by botanist Dr Nicholas Guppy (who had spent much time in Guyana) that, whereas the older Indians still believe that packs of warracaba tigers exist in the more remote mountainous regions, the younger Indians seem more disposed to believing the Western identification of them as bush dogs.

And certainly, as far as its distribution, hunting behaviour, and general elusiveness are concerned, the bush dog does compare favourably with the legendary warracaba tiger (and, as the latter is not normally seen, morphological comparisons are superfluous). Conversely, the famous hideous scream of the warracaba tiger contrasts sharply with the relatively feeble whine voiced by bush dogs. Also, it is rather difficult to believe that the Guyanan Indians, frightened or not, could really confuse - visually and/or aurally, singly and/or in packs - a bush dog with any form of jaguar. The mystery of the warracaba tiger may not be solved after all.

PACK-HUNTING MYSTERY FELIDS OF PERU AND ECUADOR
The most obscure pack-hunting crypto-cats reputedly inhabiting South America, however, are those that have been variously reported from Peru and Ecuador.

During the 1990s, Peru-born zoologist Dr Peter Hocking collected native reports concerning a number of mystifying cat forms allegedly existing in Peru but which are not known to science. One of these is the so-called 'jungle wildcat', reported from montane forests in the lower Urubamba River valley. Apparently, it is no larger than an average domestic cat, is patterned in a varied assortment of blotches, and has noticeably long fangs. Far more distinctive, however, is its apparent proclivity for hunting in packs, containing ten or more individuals.

While visiting southern Ecuador's Morona-Santiago province in July 1999, Spanish cryptozoologist Angel Morant Forés learnt of several mystery cats said to inhabit this country's Amazonian jungles. Upon his return home, he documented them in an online field report, entitled 'An investigation into some unidentified Ecuadorian mammals', which he uploaded in autumn 1999 onto French cryptozoologist Michel Raynal's website, the Virtual Institute of Cryptozoology, and from where I downloaded a copy of it (fortunately, as it turned out, because, like so often happens in the ephemeral world of cyberspace, it now seems to have vanished). These very intriguing crypto-felids included two different alleged pack-hunting forms.

Vintage photograph from 1913 of a captive small-eared dog (public domain)

One of them is the tsere-yawá, which is also said by the native tribes to be semi-aquatic. Angel was informed that this 3-ft-long felid hunted in packs of 8-10 individuals, and was brown in colour, like the brown capuchin monkey whose local name, tsere, it shares. In 1999, a young man named Christian Chumbi from Sauntza allegedly saw eight of these cats less than 50 ft away in the river Yukipa. Unfortunately, there are insufficient morphological details available to attempt any taxonomic identification of this mystery felid.

Interestingly, the small-eared dog or zorro Atelocynus microtis, a surprisingly cat-like wild dog, inhabits Ecuador, and is known to be semi-aquatic – it even has partly-webbed feet. So might this reclusive canid species. already proposed elsewhere by me as an identity for a feline mystery mammal called the mitla (click here), once again be in contention as the true identity of a supposed crypto-cat?

Alternatively, otters are social creatures, so could the tsere-yawá actually turn out to be lutrine rather than either feline or canine? Indeed, one South American species, the marine otter Lontra felina, is so feline in outward mien that it is even referred to colloquially as the sea cat (it is predominantly coastal in distribution but will sometimes enter rivers in search of freshwater crustaceans). The other three species of South American otter currently known to science are the neotropical river otter L. longicaudis, the southern river otter L. provocax, and the aptly-named giant otter or saro Pteronura brasiliensis.

An 1848 illustration of the marine otter or sea cat Lontra felina (public domain)

The second Ecuadorian feline pack-hunter is known as the jiukam-yawá. As Angel was only able to collect second-hand reports of it, not personal eyewitness accounts, however, he declined to document this cryptid in his field report.

With so little in terms of morphological details to analyse, the supposed pack-hunting felids of Peru and Ecuador currently remain enigmatic to say the least. However, should any zoologist with cryptozoological interests be visiting either or both of these South American countries on official research business at some stage in the future, they should consider devoting some of their spare time there to the questioning of local inhabitants concerning the above mystery cats(?), in the hope of obtaining additional details.

After all, when dealing with creatures as paradoxical as pack-hunting mystery cats – not to mention a semi-aquatic cat! – every snippet of information procured is a major bonus that may conceivably shed much-needed light upon these baffling beasts' identities.







          US State Department calls on Venezuela to release Josh Holt on anniversary of arrest   
RIVERTON, Utah — Friday marks one year since Utahn Josh Holt and his wife were arrested in Venezuela, and this week the US State Department issued a video calling for his release on humanitarian grounds. Holt is from Riverton, and last year he traveled to Venezuela to marry his fiance. The pair was arrested just days after the wedding, with Venezuelan police claiming they found two assault rifles and a grenade in the couple’s home. Thursday, State Department Spokesperson Heather […]
          Cazadores blancos, corazones negros   

Una de las potencias coloniales menores, apenas conocida para el gran epífagre histórico o la clásica propia novela colonial (Kipling, Conrad, los relatos cortos africanos de Maupassant…), es el propio II Reich Alemán, que primero de manera incipiente bajo Bismarck y especialmente bajo Guillermo II dejará su efímera huella colonial en el mundo. Anteriormente hubo colonias en alemanas en América, a inicios del siglo XVI, en la intitulada Klein-Venedig (Pequeña Venecia) situada en la actual Venezuela y Nicaragua.


          The United Nations: Voice Of The Voiceless?   

Every day we hear about violence and human rights abuses around the world, often feeling angry and helpless about the situation – because it doesn’t appear to be getting any better. Many people are also disillusioned with the response – or lack of response – from the United Nations (UN) in such situations. This is exactly how I felt when attending the meeting of the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva or the UN Forum on Minority Issues. Attending the sessions did not help with my disappointment in the UN, however, the experience helped me to better understand the massive challenges facing the UN. When sitting in the sessions in the main meeting room at the Palais des Nations, the ‘Human Rights and Alliance of Civilizations Room’, under the most extraordinary ceiling one could imagine, I was listening to oral submissions by NGOs (Non-Governmental Organisations). One after another, with sometimes forty to fifty NGO submissions per session. Each submission detailed instances of human rights violations in different parts of the world. Mass murder, killings, persecution, sexual violence, abuse, slavery, discrimination – but these are just words. However, in that room, the words were given meaning, a story, often with graphic details, the words of each NGO telling the UN about the suffering and pain of the people they represent.

Palais des Nations, United Nations Office in Geneva. (Photo by FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/Getty Images)

Despite all the pain and suffering detailed in these reports, both to the UN Human Rights Council and the UN Forum on Minority Issues they are only the tip of the iceberg.

Most people who have experienced violations of their human rights are not represented at the UN – the bars to representation there are many and the cost is prohibitive. Stories are told at the UN primarily through representation by NGOs – NGOs, furthermore, who would have to be able to travel to Geneva to attend any of the aforementioned sessions. The expense of such travel is outside the budget constraints of a majority of NGOs. It would also be necessary for the representing NGO to gain a consultative status of the UN Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), which can be a difficult process, and stories of NGOs being denied accreditation continue to circulate. Without such accreditation, the ability of NGOs to fully communicate to the highest levels within the UN are limited; they may submit reports for UN Universal Periodic Review; they may attend the UN through invitation from other, larger NGOs, or member states; but there is no chance to speak, in their own capacity, to an assembled group of experts, United Nation staff and representatives of member states, as well as journalists and other invited parties. Despite the fact that a key purpose of the UN should be to give a voice to the voiceless, the bureaucracy and limits placed on civil society NGOs which prevent their involvement there limit the ability of the oppressed to communicate their suffering.

Most recently, at the beginning of February, an application for consultative status by Christian Solidarity Worldwide, an NGO working to promote the right to freedom of religion or belief and so raising awareness about the persecution of Christians around the world, was rejected after almost eight years of deferment.  The decision to reject their application is surprising, especially after recent reports naming Christianity as the world’s most persecuted religion, making CSW’s area of work more important than ever. As the situation of Christians around the world is deteriorating, the persecuted need more voice. Are there too many accredited NGOs representing persecuted Christians at the UN? Although the list of accredited NGOs includes many who may include working with persecuted Christian communities as part of a wider brief or mission, the number of specialist NGOs in this field who have gained accreditation is limited.

The broken cross of a Christian Church is seen in the town of Qaraqosh. (Photo by THOMAS COEX/AFP/Getty Images)

If the issues the NGO is working on require attention, require UN assistance, and there is not enough representation at the UN, why would the UN Committee on Non-Governmental Organisations reject the application? The answer may lie in the mechanism of approval by member states. Greece, Israel, United States, and Uruguay voted in favor of the accreditation. However, Burundi, China, Cuba, India, Iran, Nicaragua, Pakistan, South Africa, Sudan, Turkey, and Venezuela voted against. The list of countries rejecting the accreditation speaks a thousand words. Pakistan is ranked 4th on the recently released Open Doors World Watch List 2017, a ranking of 50 countries where Christians are most persecuted. Sudan was placed 5th, followed by Iran in 8th, India in 15th, Turkey in 37th, and China in 39th place. And so the UN allowed states that are notorious for allowing the persecution of Christians in their territories to silence a voice that persecuted Christians so desperately need. Permitting states to cover up their own shortcomings by filtering those who would report them, has created a lack of accountability in the UN system.

Bureaucratic flaws in the decision-making apparatus at the UN, such as that detailed above, are contributing factors to the disillusionment felt by many at the UN’s lack of response to human rights violations. Preventing NGOs from speaking out on the human rights issues that affect those they represent further stifles the ability to prevent those abuses and means the UN will continue to fail those suffering the most across the globe.


             
SACP General Secretary Cde Blade Nzimnade: Address to the 11th National Congress of NEHAWU - Defend, Advance and Deepen the NDR: Strengthen Workplace Organisation, Deepen Class Consciousness and Advance Internationalism!
26 June 2017

Allow me on behalf of our SACP Central Committee and membership as a whole to express our sincere gratitude, for this opportunity to address your very important 11th National Congress. The importance of your congress theme cannot be overemphasised: Strengthen workplace organisation, deepen class consciousness and advance internationalism.

Let me also take this opportunity to congratulate your President, Comrade Makwayiba for having been elected the first African to hold the position of President of the World Federation of Trade Unions, the WFTU. This is an honour to you Cde President, but it is also something that Nehawu must be proud of, and indeed for the entire working class, including its vanguard Party, the SACP.

Together let us intensify international solidarity and comprehensively advance internationalism!!

The clarion call in your congress theme to advance internationalism requires that we underline that this year is the year of the centenary of the Great October Socialist Revolution, which occurred in Russia in 1917. This was an epoch-making event, with long-term and deep-going significance in the recorded history of human society, the history of class struggle as Marx and Engels state in the Communist Manifesto. The Soviet Union, which was established following the Great October Socialist Revolution, supported national liberation struggles. These struggles were largely taking place in the colonised global South.

The history of the liberation breakthroughs that took place in our own region, Southern Africa, will be incomplete without recognising the international solidarity support offered overwhelmingly unconditionally by the Soviet Union. The Communist Party played a major role in this regard as a Party of both national liberation and socialism, a Party of internationalism, and as part and parcel of the international communist movement. This is the context in which the massive material, financial and training support offered by, and our struggle received from the Soviet Union, was located!!

We have reasonable expectations that this important Nehawu 11th National Congress will discuss a programme of activities to celebrate both the Great October Socialist Revolution and its contribution to our democratic breakthrough. In addition, we are looking forward to the outcome of this congress in strengthening international solidarity with other people of the world who are facing capitalist exploitation, its highest stage of imperialism and political forms of domination.

The measures recently adopted by the United States President Donald Trump toughening his imperialist dictatorship regime's oppression of the Cuban people must not go unchallenged. The SACP reiterates its call for the United States to unconditionally lift its inhuman political-economic embargo against Cuba, and to withdraw its occupation of the Cuban territory of Guantanamo Bay. In the same vein, the SACP expresses its message of democratic revolutionary solidarity with the people of Western Sahara and Palestine, among others whose land is occupied by oppressor regimes.

Imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism, in its neo-liberal model is facing a crisis. It has no clear alternative to this. Such situations present possibilities and dangers as well. Crises in the capitalist system always open prospects for progressive and Left revolutionary advances. As we have seen there were some important advances for the Left in places like Latin America, with the emergence of Left governments over the last ten years or so, as well as in places like Greece. However, imperialism is fighting hard to reverse some of these gains. That is why, amongst other things, we must also intensify solidarity with the people of Venezuela.

However, on the other hand, capitalist crises also pose dangers for the emergence of Right-wing populism and neo-fascist forces, as we see in parts of Europe and in the United States. The rise of Donald Trump and the racist or xenophobic aspects that were associated with Brexit represent some of these dangers that as the Left we need to roll back. That is why deepening Left solidarity across the globe is an absolute imperative, both in the immediate and the overall struggle for socialism.

Let us intensify the struggle against imperialism on our shores, together let us defend, advance and deepen our national democratic revolution!!

Your congress is separated only by one week from our Party's 14th Congress, which will take place from 10 to 15 July. Following both our congresses, on 30 July the SACP will be celebrating the 96th anniversary of its founding. The Party will be four years away from celebrating its centenary in 2021. Related to these major Party events, is the question of the Party's Political Programme and what the Party would like to see our society achieve.

Our Congress will therefore discuss the context, content, strategic tasks and take resolutions to update our Party Programme.

Our focus will be on the five years from July 2017 to July 2022 when the programme will be reviewed again. This task will be based on the immediate objective to complete the national democratic revolution and aim to secure a socialist transition to the ultimate goal of communism. The Congress will be convening under the theme: Defend, Advance, Deepen the National Democratic Revolution - The Vanguard Role of the SACP.

The congress discussion documents and position papers, as well as the declarations and resolutions from our last Party Congress held in 2012 and the Special Congress and Media Transformation Summit respectively held in 2015, place emphasis on the important question of moving our national democratic revolution on to a second, more radical phase. This includes deepening democratisation in all spheres of societal activity and advancing real radical economic transformation - as opposed to corporate state capture, corruption, rent-seeking and enriching a few simply because they are black at the expense of the immense majority of our people who remain sandwiched between the hard-pressed vice grips of economic exploitation, persisting high levels of inequality, unemployment and poverty.

Related to these questions are the imperatives of strengthening organisation, unity and cohesion of the motive forces of our revolution. In this context the congress will discuss the necessity to advance the reconfiguration of the alliance. Linked directly with this question is the fundamental issue to any revolutionary party. That is the whole question of state power.

Rather than narrow the issue of state power to party political power, our stance at present is that the SACP seeks to establish democratic working class power and hegemony over the state and all other key centres of power in particular and society in general. It is in this context that the relationship of the Party to state power must be firmly anchored. This is why we have correctly expanded the issue of state power in relation to the Party to include popular power.

The Alliance must be reconfigured!

In the coming period the ANC-headed alliance will be and must be reconfigured. Our view as the SACP is that while the alliance remains both important and strategically relevant, its workings are outdated and must be changed to move with the times. The style of work whereby certain leaders in the ANC or leading structures of the ANC alone take decisions on policy, legislation, regulations and key deployments as if there is no alliance will not hold the alliance together. The rise of factionalism and its entrenchment at all levels has resulted in a situation where there is no consultation on certain decisions even within the ANC, let alone consultation with other alliance partners. The last Cabinet reshuffle glaringly exposed this weakness. And there are other decisions taken even thereafter both at national and sub-national levels without consultation with the alliance.

If we are an alliance we must work together and consult on all major policies, decisions and deployment concerning our revolution. Otherwise there will be no justification why we are in an alliance without a material effect. One thing is certain, the national democratic revolution belongs to all of us, and so is the government. Without making SACP and COSATU decisions ANC decisions, we must, working together as the alliance, inform the direction of our shared revolution - especially what must happen in parliament, government and other state organs. In other words, in the same way as we should not impose SACP and COSATU decisions on the ANC, the ANC should not impose its decisions on the SACP, COSATU and the Alliance (including SANCO). The ANC-led electoral platform is not exclusively an ANC affair, which is why we have opted for a single electoral platform since our country's first democratic elections in 1994. This is an alliance platform. It is a platform for the whole of the historical support base of our struggle. This is why the alliance must function democratically and build an inviolable contact with the masses to express their will in decision-making, legislation and public policies.

However, comrades, we must bear in mind that reconfiguring the Alliance is not a boardroom exercise. It is a function of, and is determined by the balance of forces on the ground. If we as the socialist axis of the Alliance, the SACP and COSATU, are weak, we will not be able to drive the reconfiguration of the Alliance. Related to this is the need to ensure that we remain in an Alliance with the ANC and not with the Guptas or some faction of the ANC associated with them or not!

Build the broadest possible patriotic, popular front of progressive forces!

Related to the reconfiguration of the alliance is therefore the crucial imperative of building the broadest possible patriotic and popular front to defend, advance and deepen our democracy and national sovereignty, to fight corporate state capture, corruption, rent-seeking and all forms of manipulation of our national wealth and public resources by sections of individuals and elitist groupings - regardless of whether they are black or white. This must go hand-in-hand with forging a common, widely-accepted programme to radically reduce, towards eventually resolving, the problems of inequality, unemployment and poverty. This is where real economic transformation to eliminate the colonial features of our country's economy and place our national wealth and public resources at the disposal of the people as a whole will be crucial.

If we allow the state to be captured, we will not be able to roll back, let alone defeat, monopoly capital. If we have a weak state, including the very government departments that you, comrades, work for, as well as state owned enterprises to be captured by and to serve private interests, our capacity to build a democratic developmental state will be severely weakened. That is why the SACP and the working class need to properly characterise corporate state capture as part of a counter-revolution! Put differently, monopoly capital and parasitic networks seeking to capture the state and sections of our movement are two sides of the same coin. Both want to accumulate on a capitalist private basis, the former through a rules-based exploitative regime, the latter through both that and the theft and looting of public resources!

The defenders of the Gupta-centred brazen smash and grab private wealth accumulation, and the exploitation of our national assets, are accusing us of focusing only on tackling the Guptas and leaving the rest of private monopoly capital untouched. They must have been fast asleep when the SACP almost single-handedly initiated and consistently driven the financial sector campaign to tackle finance monopoly capital. COSATU and other progressive formations correctly backed the campaign. The campaign has been going on for over 17 years now. It has scored notable achievements, such as the National Credit Act, the National Credit Regulator and the low banking transactional account, the Mzansi Account.

There is still more work to be done to overhaul our country's financial architecture and make it serve our people, their economic and social needs. This is one of the reasons why we maintained financial sector transformation at the centre of our Red October Campaign. This is the reason why we have been pushing for the convening of the second national financial sector summit under the auspices of the National Economic and Labour Council (NEDLAC). It is for the same reason why we are linking financial sector transformation with the imperative of developing national production through manufacturing expansion and diversification.

It is exactly for these reasons that we have been pushing for policies that will direct investment to the productive sector of the economy to create jobs and reduce unemployment, as opposed to the speculative, gambling-type economy dominant in the financial and capital markets. It is for the same reason that we have been pushing for an end to the ongoing capital investment strike.

Our programme of financial sector transformation is fundamentally different from the agendas of those who just woke up recently after the banks cut their long standing, mutually beneficial ties with the Guptas. They woke up solely to defend the Guptas and divert attention from the rot associated with their brazen smash and grab private wealth accumulation. They must have also been fast asleep when the SACP almost single-handedly initiated our ongoing campaign on transformation of the media. The campaign correctly received support from COSATU and other progressive formations.

Our media and communications paces are under the yoke of the private monopoly of the colonial era Naspers, which was the mouthpiece of the Broederbond, the ideological vanguard of apartheid. The defenders of the Guptas must have been fast asleep to notice our campaign for the transformation of the media. It is none other the SACP that has consistently taken up, as part of our media transformation campaign, campaigning against the unfair deal conveying SABC archives, our national heritage and associated programming control to a private company, Naspers' subsidiary, MultiChoice. We remain firm that the exploitative deal must be terminated.

If we are to save the SABC, we must bring to an end its hollowing out. We must restore its public broadcasting operations and related support functions back to the SABC. The recent termination by the interim SABC board, of the parasitic Business Breakfast show by the Gupta-owned New Age Media must have woken up the defenders of the Guptas. The SABC can run that show without the Gupta's New Age Media.

There are many self-explanatory examples of the struggles the SACP has waged and continues to wage against monopoly capital.

This includes the struggles we have waged, together with COSATU, as far back as 1996 against the neoliberal Growth, Employment and Redistribution (Gear) economic policy. The defenders of the Guptas do not obviously care about the people as a whole. They simply buried their heads in the sand so they could not notice these struggles.

Let us intensify the struggle against the parasitic networks and build a democratic developmental state!

Let us intensify the struggle against parasites, including the parasitic bourgeoisie. Unless we dislodge parasites from their capture of key levers of power and decision making in our movement and the state, we will not succeed in tackling monopoly capital, the main adversary of our revolution. This is because parasites, as we already can see, will weaken the strategic
capacity and discipline within the ranks of our movement, divide and destroy it. But first they will render it paralysed.

Comrades, what is being revealed by the current emails that the media is releasing bit by bit and on a weekly basis, may actually be the biggest scandal and crisis facing our country and movement since the 1994 democratic breakthrough! The veracity of the content in these emails is being proven as the truth almost every time there are new revelations.

The SACP has called for the establishment of a judicial commission into corporate state capture. We are happy that the ANC national executive committee has now agreed, and government has also accepted the idea. We now call upon this commission, which must be independent, to be established without any further delay. Whilst those who have applied for a review of the Public Protector's findings and remedies, have the right to do so, but in the meantime a credible and quicker way of establishing the judicial commission must be found as a matter of urgency, and without any further delays!

Whilst a judicial commission will hopefully help us to expose and understand the depth of the problem we face, state corporate capture will only be defeated through organised mass power of the progressive trade union movement, working in tandem with a broad patriotic and popular front of forces.

It is for the above reasons that the SACP is concerned that the labour movement is too inactive in the wake of corporate state capture. If truth be told, unless workers stand up to fight corporate state capture, our country and our revolution will be gone. NEHAWU, as the largest union in the public service, has a leading responsibility and role to play, in rolling back and defeating the corporate capture of the state. The SACP calls upon NEHAWU to play its role. The SACP will support you. We need working class action, across COSATU and beyond! Sukumani Maqabane!

In fact, this Congress is correctly calling for deepening class consciousness. But how do you deepen class consciousness? It is through a combination of at least three deeply interrelated and often mutually reinforcing processes: strong organisation, activism and mass action, as well as political education. Political education is not only theoretical classes. It is also requires active participation in class struggle. Intensification of class struggles is absolutely necessary to build organisation. But as Lenin correctly said, Theory without practice is sterile, just as practice without theory is blind! Put differently, the struggle against parasites is an important site of struggle and education for workers to clearly understand the different class forces that are contesting the state. Wage the struggle against parasites to educate workers, and educate workers by intensifying the struggle against parasites!

However, the struggle against monopoly capital and parasitic networks must be subjected to our overall goal of building a democratic developmental state and intensifying the struggle for socialism. Again, NEHAWU has an important role to play in this regard, given its structural location in the public service. NEHAWU has an important role to play in the building of a patriotic and professional cadre of civil servants and public sector managers dedicated to serving the people. In fact our revolution will not advance, unless we develop such a cadre. For instance, NEHAWU must also have an interest in workers, but also beyond workers so that we ensure that there are indeed professional managers.

One of the biggest challenges we face in our public service is forever tempting especially senior managers with BEE and tender opportunities, including the dangers of such managers becoming corruptible or outright being bought. This has unsettled and compromised a number of our public sector managers, as well as other public servants. NEHAWU must assist in this regard.

The SACP also calls upon NEHAWU to build its capacity to be able to play a much more prominent role especially in higher education. Much as today we hear about all sorts of concepts about the transformation of higher education, NEHAWU must help to ensure that these struggles are grounded in the struggle to realise people's education for people's power.

Strengthen workplace organisation through a united NEHAWU!

Comrades, the SACP welcomes the focus of your Congress theme, also on strengthening workplace organisation. Make sure that you come out of this Congress with a very specific programme of action to do so. The SACP supports your struggles for a comprehensive social security. But, also, and please, comrades, come closer to the Public Investment Corporation. Ensure that you have an effective say in how your pension moneys are invested. You must know that to you, those are your retirement investments, but to parasites, that is loot worth more than R1.7-trillion! Pay attention to workers' concerns in the workplace, whilst at the same time not allowing NEHAWU to be used as a refuge for delinquent workers and managers.

Dear comrades, please do not forget that your capacity to strengthen workplace organisation principally depends on unity. A divided NEHAWU will never be able to be strong in the workplace. This is not the time for divisions. The time for divisions must actually not find any space in the ranks of the working class and its formations, now and going forward. This is why we are advising you, comrades, and comradely, to stand united. There is no reason in principle why you should not engage with one another on any question to reach consensus and preserve unity within the ranks of the union, if you can negotiate with the employers to reach consensus in the form of bargaining agreements. Principled and programmatic unity builds. Divisions destroy.

It is easy to destroy. But it is not easy to build, especially a high quality and long-lasting formation. Let us build strong organisation at the workplace. Let us pay undivided attention on the plight of the workers at work, in politics, in the community and everywhere they are affected anything whatsoever.

Use this Congress to unite yourselves! This is the simplest, but perhaps most important, message from the SACP to this Congress!
The SACP wishes you all the success your congress needs!

Thank you.

             
Long-admired Singapore Model Loses Luster for Chinese Government Amid Rifts and China’s Rise
By Bai Tiantian
Global Times
2017/6/29 18:38:40

A more confident China sends fewer officials to Singapore for governance training

○ Some have speculated Sino-Singaporean relations are worsening as Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong was absent from the Belt and Road forum in Beijing last month

○ The long-held trust between Beijing and Singapore has been compromised in recent years over South China Sea divergences

○ China used to take inspiration from the "Singapore model," but that influence is waning. Fewer officials are being sent to Singapore to attend governance training classes

People gather at Singapore's landmark tourist attraction Gardens by the Bay. Photo: CFP

For years, China and Singapore shared a special bond.

Beijing has long been obsessed with what it calls the Singapore model, praising the city state's success in maintaining single-party rule, a relatively uncorrupt government and a robust and inclusive economy.

The bond was initially nurtured by China's Deng Xiaoping and Singapore's Lee Kuan Yew in the 1970s but even after Lee's death in March 2015, the infatuation continued.

In late 2015, Singapore hosted the first meeting between the leaders of the Chinese mainland and Taiwan in decades. The historic event demonstrated Singapore's unique influence across the Taiwan Straits that no other country can claim.

However, lately that special bond appears to be fading away.

Since 2016, Singapore has found itself caught up in the South China Sea disputes between China and its fellow ASEAN nations, even though the Lion City itself is not a claimant.

Frictions grew in late 2016 after Hong Kong seized nine Singaporean armored vehicles in transit on their way home from Taiwan. Although the diplomatic row was smoothened after Hong Kong agreed to return the armored vehicles in January this year, the event triggered discussions in the media over what has gone wrong in ties.

Whispers of worsening relations grew louder with Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong's notable absence from the Belt and Road forum in Beijing last month, China's biggest diplomatic event of the year. A majority of ASEAN leaders, including Indonesian President Joko Widodo and Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, Singapore's two neighbors, attended the forum.

"There used to be a greater depth of mutual understanding between China and Singapore but now that kind of understanding is gradually being lost," Zhuang Guotu, head of the Center of Southeast Asian Studies at Xiamen University, told the Global Times.

"Don't get it wrong. China's relation with Singapore is still better than many other bilateral ties. The ethnic and cultural bonds as well as economic ties between the two countries remain strong. But as China's influence grows, Beijing expects to be treated accordingly, and Singapore is struggling to adapt to that change," Zhuang said.

Misjudged moves

Ruan Zongze, vice president of the China Institute of International Studies, said both countries have viewed their bilateral ties idealistically.

"Sino-Singaporean relations have always been special. Singapore played a unique role in China's reform and opening-up. Chinese people have always had a great affinity for Singapore given that the country is the only overseas Chinese-majority society. At the same time Singapore knew it had a special influence on China and intended to use it to boost its status as a mediator," Ruan told the Global Times.

But Sino-Singaporean relations began to plunge in 2016, after the arbitration court at The Hague ruled in favor of the Philippines in a South China Sea dispute case.

Because of its special relationship with Singapore and their common cultural heritage, China naturally held great hopes for Singapore to convey its views within ASEAN but was irked to find out that Singapore openly voiced its support of the arbitration ruling and later tried to mobilize pressure against China by attempting to include the ruling in the final document of the Non-Aligned Movement summit in Venezuela in September.

Both these diplomatic moves were perceived by Beijing as demonstrating the country's alignment with the US despite Singapore's traditional stance of not taking sides between great powers. The long-held trust between Beijing and Singapore has thus been compromised.

Analysts suggest Lee Hsien Loong has misjudged how much importance China attaches to the South China Sea and believe that these incidents could prompt Beijing to adjust its ties with Singapore, seeking partners with other ASEAN states.

"China should normalize its ties with Singapore by eliminating all idealistic expectations. Both countries should return to geopolitical realities, which is that the two countries share common interests but also face considerable divergences," Ruan said.

Lost inspiration

As ties plunge, questions have also been raised over whether China still needs to look at Singapore as a role model.

China's fascination with Singapore's political system started in 1978 during top leader Deng Xiaoping's first official visit to the city state. Harvard scholar Ezra Vogel wrote in his book Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China that during the trip, Deng and Lee Kuan Yew forged a special relationship and although Deng had not yet decided what policies to pursue in China at the time, "Singapore helped strengthen his conviction of the need for fundamental reforms."

On his southern tour in 1992, Deng famously said China should learn from the city state's experience and eventually overtake it. The statement triggered great interest in Singapore's governance model among Chinese academics and officials.

Throughout the years, China has been fascinated by Singapore's success in achieving advanced economic industrialization without undergoing substantial political liberalization. Chinese observers have also viewed Singapore as an example that Asian culture, especially Confucianism, can provide an alternative to Western democracy.

Since the 1990s, some 50,000 Chinese officials have studied in Singapore, Singaporean President Tan Keng Yam said during a visit to China in 2015. Singapore's Nanyang Technological University has created a program especially tailored to Chinese officials, which is commonly known as the "mayors' class."

However, analysts have told the Global Times that the number of Chinese officials studying in Singapore has been declining in recent years.

Zhu Lijia, a professor of public management at the Chinese Academy of Governance, said one reason is that China has greatly improved its own training capabilities and shifted much of the task of training its officials to domestic Party schools and socialist institutes.

"It not just Singapore, the number of officials studying in the US and the UK has also been declining. We have many scholars returning from overseas institutions who are perfectly capable of introducing foreign experience to officials at home," Zhu told the Global Times.

But the core reason, he said, is China's growing confidence in charting its own course of development.

"China has progressed and matured in summarizing its own experience. Singapore's experience inspired China decades ago but it is no longer suitable for a country so vast, populated and infinitely more complicated in social and economic issues," Zhu said.

His opinion was echoed by Zhuang, who said China has developed its own governance model and the role of the Singapore model has been greatly weakened.

Positive signs

Despite frictions putting a dark cloud over ties, lately there have been positive signs in the relationship.

On Tuesday, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang accepted an invitation from Singaporean Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong to make an official visit to the country, the Straits Times reported.

In an interview earlier this month, Singaporean Foreign Minister Vivian Balakrishnan said Singapore is a "strong supporter" of China's Belt and Road initiative, defusing speculation that the country may be less than supportive of China's plan.

Both developments came as the South China Sea disputes subsided this year with China and the ASEAN member states signing a code of conduct framework document in May.

Analysts said the premier's visit to Singapore could herald an improvement in ties as both sides acknowledge the importance of putting aside differences and getting back to good ties.

They noted that Singapore may well find itself caught in escalating rivalries between China and the US and it will have to tread between the two powers with greater diplomatic dexterity.

Zhuang said Singapore often keeps its distance from China to avoid being seen as too pro-Chinese in front of the other ASEAN members.

"Singapore should understand the importance of not making trouble for China in what Beijing sees as core issues. China does not want Singapore's unconditional support. The latter is hegemony and not in line with China's long-term interests," Zhuang said.

 "As for China, a growing power should prepare itself for diverging opinions. The country should understand that it is not necessarily a good thing for all its neighbors to sing China's praises," Zhuang noted.

          Outubro de 2018, a Lava-Jato eleitoral.   
Artigo de Percival Puggina afirma que a terceira fase da Lava-Jato terá que ser feita por nós, em outubro do ano que vem:


Há mais de meio século estudo e acompanho a política brasileira. Vivi, inclusive, períodos de participação ativa no final do século passado. Confesso que nunca observei algo que guarde analogia com o que estamos presenciando nestes desregrados anos. Tensões, conflitos, antagonismos são disponibilizados a quem participa da política com a mesma assiduidade com que o pão comparece à mesa do café da manhã. Esse serviço diário é proporcionado pela disputa do poder e encontra sua síntese nos alinhamentos de governo e oposição. Em países que se dizem democráticos, sem a hipocrisia dos hierarcas cubanos e venezuelanos, sempre há um governo e sempre há uma oposição livre. Os cidadãos, naquilo que lhes corresponde, reconhecem essa polarização identificando-se com algum dos lados.

O Brasil destes inusitados dias é curiosa exceção. Há governo, há oposição, mas ampla maioria da sociedade, se pudesse, botava os dois blocos no olho da rua. A polarização se tornou jogo meramente institucional, em cujos desdobramentos, inclusive, são rotineiros os momentos de convergência e recíproca proteção sempre que interesses escusos estão sob ameaça. Nestes casos, as ideologias são mandadas às favas e se estabelece, sólida, a sociedade dos celerados. A nação - militantes à parte porque formam uma categoria social distinta - percebe os fatos e se distancia dos polos políticos. É baile de cobra onde não se entra sem perneira. A rede com que se captura a confiança dos eleitores tem rombos pelos quais até baleias transitam.

Inusitado, também, o desalento nacional perante as estruturas do poder político. Insistentemente tenho escrito sobre a irracionalidade do nosso modelo institucional, sua fertilidade em gerar crises e incompetência para resolvê-las sem gravíssimas sequelas. Em linguagem farmacológica, nossos remédios institucionais são estranhos placebos, com paraefeitos que se agravam quando as sessões dos tribunais superiores são submetidas ao crivo da opinião pública. Definitivamente, eles não se ajudam quando metem os pés políticos pelas mãos jurídicas.

Além da tela do computador com o qual escrevo, além da touch screen do telefone celular, há um mundo nada virtual, bem real, clamando por ordem, justiça e atenção às suas necessidades básicas; há todo um setor produtivo carecendo de estabilidade, credibilidade e capacidade de investimento. Nosso país é um gigante geográfico e populacional onde solavancos políticos afetam a vida de milhões de pessoas. E nós estamos enfrentando terremotos. É desde essa perspectiva, tomado por desalento em relação às urgências nacionais, como as reformas ora em debate e as político-institucionais, que desejo registrar três convicções.

Primeira: não é tudo a mesma coisa. Ainda que a desonra venha a atingir equitativamente os blocos de governo e oposição, em quase tudo mais que importa há, entre eles, desigualdades muito relevantes sobre temas fundamentais. Refiro-me, por exemplo, a papéis do Estado, privatizações, corporativismos, equilíbrio fiscal, economia de mercado, direito de propriedade e violações a esse direito; educação, família, aborto e políticas de gênero; segurança pública, conflitos sociais e drogas. E por aí vai, que a lista é longa.

Segunda: a justiça tardará a chegar. A morosidade do sistema, que muitos de nossos ministros dos tribunais superiores consideram necessária à boa administração da justiça, não permitirá que esse poder de Estado, antes das próximas eleições, remova da cena política as organizações criminosas que envergonham a nação.

Terceira: a principal fase da operação Lava Jato será tarefa nossa. Ela ocorrerá em outubro do ano que vem, quando, num flash bissexto, o poder transitará pelas mãos do povo... (A íntegra do texto pode ser lida aqui)

          The Modern Progressive Male   
Gavin Newsom is a whinging girly-man, and probably the next Gobernador Maximo of Venezuela del Norte.
          VENEZUELA CRISIS - La oposición venezolana exige la liberación de estudiantes detenidos en protesta   
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          VENEZUELA CRISIS - El Gobierno venezolano culpa a la oposición por la quema de 50 toneladas de alimentos   
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          VENEZUELA CRISIS - El Gobierno acusa a la fiscal general de dirigir un golpe de Estado en Venezuela   
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          Kommentarer till Japansk Sensei besökte Åkersberga av Leonardo E. Hidalgo   
I'm a Venezuelan guy, aged 28 who will be moving to Uppsala next year and I would like to get more info regarding Kenpo classes. I once took Tae Kwon Do for about 5 years on and off, but Kenpo has gotten my attention from the first I attended to an exhibition. If you could provide where the nearest gym is, monthly fees, days per week, etc, I will deeply appreciate it! =)
          Comment on Latest Venezuelan Opposition Coup Attempt Against Maduro Linked to DEA, CIA by bootin buddin   
you, (who are probably an immigrant. legal or illegal) are the one who doesn't seem to like the way we do things. not that you can change it. so i'm staying in the country whose streets are paved with gold. i can get you booked on a steamer or a barge with an extra stateroom for tapatio for some hairbrained company.
          Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en usufructo   
Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en usufructo
Éstas significan un 31 % de la superficie agrícola del país
Viernes, junio 30, 2017 | Agencias

LA HABANA, Cuba.- El Consejo de Ministros de Cuba aprobó extender de 10
a 20 años el periodo de posesión de las tierras entregadas en usufructo
a personas naturales, que hasta septiembre pasado sumaban más de 1,9
millones de hectáreas, un 31 % de la superficie agrícola del país,
informan hoy medios oficiales cubanos.

La vigencia del usufructo será prorrogable y, como nuevo requisito, los
beneficiarios deberán trabajar y administrar de forma directa las
"tierras ociosas" entregadas por el Estado cubano, según determinó el
Consejo de Ministros en una reunión celebrada el jueves y encabezada por
Raúl Castro.

El encuentro ministerial tuvo por objeto analizar "el desempeño de la
economía cubana" en el primer semestre del año, según publican este
viernes los diarios Granma y Juventud Rebelde.
El vicepresidente Marino Murillo, exministro de Economía y actual jefe
de la Comisión Permanente para la Implementación y Desarrollo, destacó
que en la actualidad la solicitud de tierras, una medida que se puso en
práctica en 2008, es limitada.

Esto se debe, explicó, a que los terrenos aún disponibles son menos
productivos por causas como la infestación de marabú (una planta no
endémica e invasiva), la lejanía de los asentamientos poblacionales y
servicios básicos o las dificultades para acceder a las fuentes de agua.

También se ratificó "que las tierras otorgadas en usufructo son
propiedad intransferible del Estado y deben mantenerse en explotación,
evitando un mal uso del suelo y la pérdida de su productividad".

Otras novedades son que el usufructo de las tierras se cancelará si se
detecta el empleo de financiación ilícita para su explotación y que se
empezará a aplicar gradualmente el pago de impuestos previsto en la Ley
por "uso, posesión y ociosidad de la tierra".

El Consejo de Ministros aprobó además nuevas medidas que serán
divulgadas próximamente por la prensa oficial para "mejorar la
organización y el control" del trabajo por cuenta propia, ejercido en la
isla por más de medio millón de personas.

La nota de Granma menciona que se han detectado "desviaciones" en ese
sector como "la utilización de materias primas, materiales y equipos de
procedencia ilícita", incumplimientos tributarios e "imprecisiones e
insuficiencias en el control", entre otros.

El trabajo autónomo, aseguró Murillo, "confirma su validez como fuente
de empleo, al tiempo que incrementa la oferta de bienes y servicios, con
niveles aceptables de calidad".

El Gobierno cubano estudió asimismo una actualización de la política de
funcionamiento de las cooperativas en sectores no agropecuarios, otra de
las formas de gestión no estatal impulsadas en los últimos años como
parte de las reformas económicas que abandera Raúl Castro para
actualizar el modelo socialista de la isla.

La prioridad será "consolidar las 429 cooperativas ya constituidas", una
vez que ratificado que este modelo de gestión constituye "una
alternativa para liberar al Estado de la administración de actividades
económicas, productivas y de servicios que no se consideren principales".

Sin embargo, se ha comprobado que en las cooperativas privadas se dan
también "desviaciones de la idea original para las cuales fueron
creadas, así como falta de rigor y exigencia en el seguimiento, control
y fiscalización y tendencia al incremento de los precios".

Esas cooperativas se concentran en los sectores de comercio, gastronomía
y servicios técnicos y personales, construcción, transporte e industria.

El informe económico sobre el primer semestre del año aprobado por el
Consejo de Ministros de Cuba será presentado en la Asamblea Nacional del
Poder Popular (Parlamento unicameral) el próximo 14 de julio, en la
primera de las dos sesiones anuales que celebra ese organismo.

Cuba entró en recesión el año pasado al decrecer un 0,9 % su economía,
lastrada por la crisis en Venezuela, país que envía petróleo subsidiado
a la isla a la vez que compra servicios profesionales, fundamentalmente
médicos y docentes.

También afectaron al país caribeño la caída de los precios de las
materias primas en los mercados internacionales y la insuficiencia de
las inversiones extranjeras, que no alcanzan el porcentaje requerido por
el país caribeño para impulsar su economía nacional.

(EFE)

Source: Gobierno cubano amplía a 20 años la posesión de tierras en
usufructo CubanetCubanet -
https://www.cubanet.org/noticias/gobierno-cubano-amplia-20-anos-la-posesion-de-tierras-en-usufructo/
          Venezuela, Maduro's Greatest Threat May Be Old Friends   

Worldcrunch.com / WORLDCRUNCH

-Analysis-

Venezuelan President Nicolás Maduro is still in charge — that much we know. What is less clear is whether he has a stronger or weaker grasp on power after the murky late-night helicopter shooting at the Supreme Court building, and...



Please continue reading on Worldcrunch.com - Venezuela, Maduro's Greatest Threat May Be Old Friends

          Comentario en Cuánto dura el celo de una gata por zoraida de sanchez   
mi gata misa tiene mas de 10 dias en celo ya no lo soporto no hay pastillas que era lo que yo le daba no quiero que tenga cria porque estamos pasando una situacion horrible no hay ni para nosotros ( venezuela)
          Estados Unidos debe rectificar política sobre Venezuela e iniciar relaciones de respeto   
El presidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Nicolás Maduro, le hizo un llamado al presidente de Estados Unidos, Donald Trump, para que rectifique su política sobre Venezuela y le envió un mensaje para comenzar una nueva etapa de relaciones basadas en el respeto
          Maduro: El pueblo de Venezuela repudia los planes golpistas de la oposición   
Los planes golpistas que sostiene sectores extremistas de la oposición para derrocar el Gobierno Bolivariano son rechazados por la mayoría de los venezolanos que buscan de la paz, destacó el presidente de la República, Nicolás Maduro.
          Vicepresidente El Aissami rechazó acusaciones de la fiscal General contra González López y Benavides Torres   
El vicepresidente de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, Tareck El Aissami, rechazó este viernes las acusaciones hechas por la fiscal General de la República, Luisa Ortega Díaz, contra el director del Servicio Bolivariano de Inteligencia (Sebin), Gustavo González López y el jefe del Distrito Capital, José Benavides Torres
          Venezuela, Marruecos y Colombia encabezan la inmigración en España   
El número de personas que llega a vivir al país supera al de los que se van tras seis años de retirada
          Venezuela: studenti chiusi in un camion con gas lacrimogeno video   

Venezuela: studenti chiusi in un camion con  gas    lacrimogeno video

Ragazzi rinchiusi in un camion, poi sparano lacrimogeni


          Luisa, da fedelissima di Chávez  a pasionaria anti Maduro Foto   

Luisa, da  fedelissima di Chávez  a pasionaria anti Maduro  Foto

In Venezuela la procuratrice Ortega finisce sotto processo


          Enrique Palacios: «Faccio il modello da 23 anni perché amo il mio lavoro»   

Enrique Palacios: «Faccio il modello da 23 anni perché amo il mio lavoro»

Il venezuelano, 42 anni, ha sfilato per Dolce e Gabbana. «Ai giovani do consigli su come affrontare la passerella. Dopo un lutto ho trovato la donna della mia vita»


          Pope “very concerned” about violence in Venezuela   

Archbishop Aldo Giordano, the papal representative to Venezuela, said Pope Francis expressed to him his solidarity for the victims of violence in the country's ongoing political crisis, especially young people and their families. “He always says we have to help Venezuela,” the diplomat said.


          Comentario en La manipulación de las FARC por zayda   
JAJAJAJAAJAJAJ QUE TEATRERO SON JAJAJAJAJAJAAJAA MAS BIEN EN VEZ DE HACER MARICADAS DE HUELGAS DE HAMBRE MIERDAS HUMANAS ENTREGUNEN LAS ARMAS QUE TIENE EN VENEZUELA POR QUE LO QUE ENTREGARON A LA ONU SON CHICHIPATADAS. El verdadero arsenal lo tienen 4 mil guerrilleros FARC en Venezuela...con el que tienen planeado el ataque a Colombia.....así como un ejército de mercenarios de varios países.... entre ellos.. *Isis*ESE LO VAN UTILIZAR PARA BOMBARDEAR EL PALACIO DE NARIÑO. ( AHI. MUERE SANTOS. Y SU GOBIERNO SODOMA Y GOMORRA😁😁😁)Y ALREDEDORES
          Fiscalía venezolana cita a jefe de inteligencia por violaciones de derechos humanos - Telemundo   

Telemundo

Fiscalía venezolana cita a jefe de inteligencia por violaciones de derechos humanos
Telemundo
Enfrentamiento entre manifestantes y las autoridades en Caracas, el 24 de junio de 2017. Foto de AP. hp/jg/lnm / Agencia EFE. JUNIO 30, 2017 / 3:30 PM EDT. Caracas, 30 jun (EFE).- La Fiscalía venezolana anunció hoy la citación en calidad de imputado ...
Maduro ascendió a González López a general en jefe del Ejército BolivarianoEl Universal (Venezuela)
Venezuela: La Fiscalía cita a otro alto funcionario del Gobierno por presunta violación de DD.HH.RT en Español - Noticias internacionales
Maduro ascendió a jefe de inteligencia imputado por la FiscalíaRCN Radio (blog)
ElEspectador.com -globovision.com -Diario El Siglo -Venezolana de Televisión
los 24 artículos informativos »

           El imperialismo hoy, sus dinámicas y manifestaciones. Venezuela, Països Catalans y Euskal Herria    
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           La derecha acelera el tiempo del Golpe de Estado en Venezuela    
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          Venezuela's defiant chief prosecutor requests protection   
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) — Venezuela's chief prosecutor asked the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for protection Friday, days after the Supreme Court barred her from leaving the country and ordered her bank accounts frozen.
          The Latest: Venezuela leader promotes investigated officer   
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) — The latest on Venezuela's political crisis (all times local):
          MP de Venezuela investiga muerte de José Márquez en protestas   

Dos fiscales coordinan la investigación que realizan funcionarios del Cuerpo de Investigaciones Científicas, Penales y Criminalísticas de los hechos ocurridos el 13 de junio en Mérida, indicó el MP.


          Venezuela condena posición de Colombia ante ataque al TSJ   
El Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores emitió un comunicado donde criticó las opiniones del Gobierno de Colombia sobre las "descalificaciones contra el Ministerio Público" venezolano. 
          Quemar la comida: táctica para la batalla de los treinta días en Venezuela   
Dos sujetos ingresaron al depósito de alimentos de Mercal e iniciaron un incendio que duró casi una hora en el estado Anzoátegui, ubicado al noreste Venezuela. 
          Venezuela: Murió otro joven herido durante las protestas y ya suman 81 víctimas   
El Ministerio Público (MP) de Venezuela anunció el deceso de un joven herido durante una manifestación en el estado occidental de Mérida, como parte de la ola de protestas iniciada a principios de abril. En un comunicado, la Fiscalía señaló que investiga la muerte de Eduardo José Márquez Albarrán, de 20 años, un estudiante de Turismo […]
          United Airlines Suspends Flights to Venezuela Starting July   
United Airlines Inc. will suspend flights to Venezuela next month, a move that further cuts off access to the Latin American nation engulfed in violent political protests and economic chaos.
          Il Concetto del Continuum   

Jean Liedloff mostra come sia necessario riappropriarsi dei naturali legami tra genitori e figli per crescere dei bambini felici e tranquilli. Perché negare i propri istinti naturali di padre e di madre è il primo passo per rendere i propri figli degli adulti frustrati e sradicati.

La prima violenza che caratterizza la nascita della vita nella nostra cultura è la rottura traumatica del rapporto madre-bambino sin dai primi istanti di vita. Quella separazione violenta del neonato dalla madre, imposta dalle moderne tecniche ospedaliere di gestione del parto, viene poi ripetuta spesso orgogliosamente nel corso della vita neo-natale.

In realtà queste traumatiche privazioni infantili spesso costituiscono le premesse per la formazione di individui ansiosi, sradicati, aggressivi.

A partire da un’originale esperienza di condivisione con una tribù di indios venezuelani, il nostro contraddittorio rapporto con il bambino, spesso devastante perché privo delle più spontanee esperienze di continuum come la posizione dell’in-braccio, dell’allattamento al seno, ecc.


          DailyTimes | Venezuela: Accused pilot of coup attempt not found   
The Venezuelan authorities were looking for the helicopter pilot accused of attempted coup d' tat on Thursday, an episode that arouses skept .
          la hora venezuela   
Llegó la hora Venezuela. La derecha, conducida por sectores como Voluntad Popular y Primero Justicia, cortó todo diálogo -ya no reconoce al Vaticano como intermediario- y sostiene cómo única solución posible la realización de elecciones generales adelantadas. Ha llamado abiertamente a la rebelión civil y denunciado la convocatoria a la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente como ilegal. No participará, hará lo posible para impedir su realización, y profundizará en el conflicto callejero.

Ese es el discurso para los medios de comunicación nacionales e internacionales, la direccionalidad pública del escenario que pusieron en marcha a principios de abril. Es la superficie, donde están en una suerte de “épica por la libertad”, de la cual su base social movilizada está absolutamente convencida. Son más de 50 días de frontalidad, donde no han crecido en cantidad, pero han logrado sostener una conflictividad de gran impacto -impensable sin el sobredimensionamiento hecho a través del andamiaje comunicacional-.

Lo peligroso, sin embargo, está en las sombras que emergen con furia: está en marcha un plan insurreccional conducido en las calles por el paramilitarismo, que ya golpeó en aproximadamente diez ciudades del país. Las imágenes y testimonios están ahí, se trata de incendio de hospitales, instituciones públicas, locales de partidos chavistas, saqueos y destrozos de centros de ciudades -Socopó-, intento de control territorial armado prolongado de algunas zonas -San Antonio de Los Altos-, ataques a cuarteles militares y de policía -siete en un solo día en Barinas-, asesinatos de dirigentes chavistas, toques de queda -San Cristóbal-, amenazas a comerciantes y transportistas -Los Teques-, intento de cortar el suministro de alimentos a Caracas. Son formaciones paramilitares que no se identifican y se mueven por el territorio con el objetivo de instalar jornadas de asedio y terror en puntos claves del país.

Es una operación de guerra preparada durante años. Allí está el plan real de la derecha que se propone sostener un nivel cada vez más agudo en las formas de violencia con varios fines. Uno: elevar la confrontación civil a puntos tales como el de linchar e incendiar en plena calle a un joven por ser sospechoso de chavista. Dos: desencadenar enfrentamientos armados civiles. Tres: asediar Caracas. Cuatro: controlar, en los hechos y cómo símbolo, porciones de territorio. Cinco: empujar el país al caos. Seis: lograr la intervención extranjera descubierta -la encubierta ya está en marcha-.

No existe, en estos momentos, llamados capaces de desandar esa agenda. Los Estados Unidos dieron luz verde y el gobierno colombiano -retaguardia del paramilitarismo- mueve sus piezas en función de esa estrategia. El bloque enemigo no se ha resquebrajado: partidos de derecha, ganaderos, grandes empresarios, episcopado, y ha sumado elementos claves, como la Fiscal General, nueva figura de la avanzada golpista. Es ahora o nunca, ellos mismos lo dicen. Llegó la hora Venezuela.

Marco Teruggi, desde Caracas. kaosenlared


          Capturan a 60 extranjeros sin documentos en Calidonia, Panamá   
60 extranjeros fueron retenidos la noche de ayer 29 de junio,  por inspectores del Servicio Nacional de Migración (SNM), en conjunto con unidades de la Policía Nacional  (PN), a través de un operativo desarrollado en el corregimiento de Calidonia. El total de retenidos este jueves fue de 60 extranjeros, predominando la nacionalidad dominicana, seguido de Venezuela, Nicaragua y Colombia pic.twitter.com/f1wGC9jeMt— Migración Panamá (@migracionpanama) 30 de junio de 2017 La información fue ...
          Democrazia dei Cittadini   

Un viaggio tra gli esempi di democrazia diretta e partecipativa che si sono sviluppati e che funzionano con successo ne mondo: la democrazia diretta in Svizzera, la democrazia diretta in California e in 23 stati degli USA, lo strumento della revoca degli eletti in Svizzera, USA, Venezuela e Colombia, le assemblee cittadine (Town Meeting) delle piccole città della costa est degl USA, l'introduzione della democrazia diretta in Baviera nel 1995 ad opera dei cittadini, l'introduzione della democrazia diretta ad Amburgo, l'acquisizione da parte dei cittadini delle reti elettriche tramite referendum nella città di Schoenau, la scrittura ex-novo di uno statuto comunale da parte dei cittadini a Chelsea (USA), la lunga marcia di Iniziativa per Più Democrazia di Bolzano per realizzare una legge sulla democrazia diretta efficace, il referendum autogestito della Val Pusteria, i referendum per abolire il quorum dai referendum a Rovereto e a Vicenza, la storia e il funzionamento del Bilancio Partecipativo, come realizzare un PRG con la partecipazione dei cittadini, la legge sulla partecipazione della Regione Toscana, il Debat Public sulle grandi opere in Francia, il Dialogo con la Città di Perth, le caratteristiche innovative del voto postale e del voto elettronico, i sistemi per coinvolgere i cittadini nelle scelte con metodi deliberativi, l'assemblea dei cittadini per la riforma elettorale del British Columbia (Canada), le innovazioni nelle consultazioni, le giurie dei cittadini, i sondaggi informati, le consensus conferences, le barriere alla partecipazione effettiva, i difetti della democrazia rappresentativa.


          I Predatori dell'Oro Nero e della Finanza Globale   

Benito Li Vigni, uno dei massimi esperti internazionali in fatto di oro nero, indaga a tutto campo sui legami tra «mondo del petrolio» e potere politico-finanziario e inquadra con lucida obiettività le verità nascoste che riguardano il futuro dei giacimenti, le guerre, le tensioni geopolitiche e l’uso dell’«arma petrolifera» da parte dei maggiori produttori, primo fra tutti la Russia.

Lungo una sorta di cintura che lega il Sud del mondo, passando dall’Iraq al Sudan e alla Nigeria, per arrivare in Venezuela e Colombia, gli «imperi del profitto» si scontrano e si alleano, alternando una brutale violenza a subdole strategie di potere.

La fame di petrolio spinge a mutamenti epocali negli assetti politici internazionali, basti pensare alla silenziosa colonizzazione cinese dell’Africa e a un evento impensabile come l’affacciarsi della flotta militare di Pechino nel Mediterraneo, o alla possibilità che Cuba ridiventi l’epicentro di nuovi sconvolgimenti legati alla contesa dei giacimenti nel Golfo del Messico.

Ad approfittare di questa opaca realtà sono il «gioco sporco» della finanza americana, la speculazione sul greggio, lo scambio armi-petrolio, la corruzione e il saccheggio dell’economia pubblica italiana da parte di lobby che impongono i loro oligopoli. Le conseguenze di questa predazione sono state l’inarrestabile inquinamento ambientale, la recessione e il rialzo del prezzo del barile.

Uno scenario instabile e caotico nel quale si affacciano la speranza della «svolta verde» di Barack Obama, la sua politica estera improntata alla moderazione e lo scontro etico per regolare un potere economico immorale e senza vincoli, del cui esito, si spera positivo, beneficerà il mondo intero.


          Censura 2003   
Le notizie che non hanno fatto notizia nel 2003.
Il piano di Rumsfeld per provocare attacchi terroristici. Le 8mila pagine rimosse dal rapporto Iraq all'Onu. La nuova minaccia coloniale all'Africa. Il progetto statunitense di dominio globale. Lo smantellamento dei sindacati. Lo scontro euro/dollaro fra le ragioni della guerra all'Iraq. Le responsabilità Usa nel colpo di stato in Venezuela. L'attacco alle libertà civili in nome della guerra al terrorismo. Le violazioni degli accordi internazionali da parte di Washington. Il peggioramento dei diritti umani in Afghanistan... e molto altro. "Censura" è il risultato di un lavoro annuale di selezione tra migliaia di notizie condotto, nella Sonoma State University, da oltre 200 fra studenti, giornalisti e studiosi di prestigio, tra cui Noam Chomsky, Norman Solomon e Howard Zinn. In tempi di concentrazione inedita dei media nelle mani di pochi ricchi e potenti, uno straordinario contributo per la libertà e la democrazia nell'informazione.

          Venezuela's defiant chief prosecutor requests protection   
Venezuela's chief prosecutor asked the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights for protection Friday, days after the Supreme Court barred her from leaving the country and ordered her bank accounts frozen. … Click to Continue »
          The Latest: Venezuela leader promotes investigated officer   
The latest on Venezuela's political crisis (all times local): 8:15 p.m. Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro is promoting an intelligence chief being investigated for human rights abuses to be chief of … Click to Continue »
          VN spoort Venezuela aan zich te houden aan wetgeving   
De Verenigde Naties (VN) heeft de regering van president Nicolas Maduro bekritiseerd voor het inperken van de bevoegdheden van de procureur-generaal. Zij heeft erop aangedrongen om de rechtsstaat en de vrijheid van de nationale vergadering in Venezuela te handhaven. De oproep van de VN vandaag ...
          “Gilberto Santa Rosa, 40 y contando” iniciará en República Dominicana   
Gilberto Santa Rosa enciende su maquinaria de celebración de los 40 años en la industria musical, con una gira que arrancará en la República Dominicana con dos conciertos en Santo Domingo y uno en Santiago de los Caballeros, siendo el único país de su agenda que incluirá tres presentaciones. La decisión del boricua de iniciar sus shows en esta nación caribeña tiene un componente sentimental. Por ejemplo, su esposa, Alexandra Malagón, es dominicana, y además, “Quisqueya la bella” ha sido un mercado importante en su trayectoria, donde tiene miles de fanáticos que se dan cita en cada una de sus presentaciones. “Se hizo una lista de los sitios que no podían faltar y la República Dominicana es uno de esos. Aparte de mi situación sentimental, se convirtió en un lugar especial para mí (…) ha sido uno de los sitios donde más repercusión ha tenido mi carrera y las veces que hemos tenido conciertos han sido espectaculares. Qué mejor lugar que Dominicana para empezar”, respondió a elCaribe el artista durante una conferencia vía Live Streaming.

El intérprete de “La conciencia” y “Conteo regresivo” recordó que “hace muchos años”, cuando decidió explorar este mercado, recibió críticas porque muchos consideraban que aquí “los salseros no tienen vida”. Sin embargo, con el paso del tiempo logró demostrar todo lo contrario. “Como era algo muy especial empezamos allá, al ladito de la casa, esa es la razón”, agregó.

El artista boricua vino a Santo Domingo en el 2015 a celebrar sus 54 años de edad con un concierto en el Anfiteatro Nuryn Sanlley. Regresó el año pasado para realizar tres presentaciones en el Teatro Nacional con “The Man and His Music”; luego cantó en Hard Rock Hotel Punta Cana, en noviembre, y ahora cantará el 7 de septiembre en el Gran Teatro del Cibao y los días 8 y 9 de ese mes en el Teatro Nacional Eduardo Brito, como punto de partida de su tour “Gilberto Santa Rosa: 40 años y contando”.

La gira de las cuatro décadas en la música, incluye una agenda de 32 presentaciones por tres continentes, que culminará en México, donde se presentará por primera vez en el Auditorio Nacional. En su natal Puerto Rico tiene pautada una presentación para febrero.

“Estoy como un niño con juguete nuevo, primero por llegar a los 40 años cantando, y segundo porque se nos hizo realidad el sueño de hacer una gira organizada para celebrar. Esto es trabajo duro, ha sido una travesía bien interesante y me dio la oportunidad de hacer lo más que me gusta”, manifestó el bolerista y salsero.

Otros mercado que están en la lista son España, Italia, Suiza, Inglaterra, Islas Canarias, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Ecuador, Colombia, Panamá, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, México, Canadá y en Estados Unidos, ciudades como Miami, Las Vegas, New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Orlando , Houston, Dallas, Austin, Washington, Raleigh, Charlote, Providence, Filadelfia, Tampa, Bergen, Hartford y Boston.

Sin embargo, Venezuela, país que fue su primera plaza internacional, no está contemplado. En ese sentido, pidió por una mejor vida social y política de los venezolanos.

Sobre el repertorio, el cantante dijo que pretende interpretar 40 canciones en cada show, de las cuales ya tiene 15 en su lista de “las que no pueden faltar”. Contará también con el respaldo de invitados especiales en algunos de los países, los cuales aún no ha confirmado, aunque ya tiene varios nombres.

Gilberto Santa Rosa destacó el hecho de que su tierra natal no ocupe un lugar especial en la agenda, como el inicio o cierre. Antes de las preguntas de la prensa nacional e internacional destacó que se siente orgulloso de su procedencia, ya que tuvo y tiene en Puerto Rico, casa y plaza. “Nunca tuve que salir para empezar una carrera y eso me da mucho orgullo y alegría decirlo”, puntualizó.

De escribir su historia, sería con anécdotas

El cantante y compositor boricua Gilberto Santa Rosa resaltó que solía decír “no” rotundamente a la idea de escribir un libro, pero que luego de empezar a plasmar sus ideas y pensamientos en el diario Primera Hora, ha cambiado de opinión. “Me gustaría, pero en vez de hacer un libro biográfico, me gustaría más que sea de anécdotas”, reveló. El salsero resaltó que le han pasado “muchas cosas interesantes” que quisiera recopilar y, aunque no sabe si lo hará, de contar la historia de esas cuatro décadas en la música, sería aderezada con anécdotas.

Consejos
“El respeto a la música que haces y cómo la presentas fue el mejor consejo que me dieron. La autenticidad y originalidad son muy importantes, tener un estilo, dejar un sonido y tratar de ser un líder, no un seguidor”.

Un caballero
“Ese nombre ha sido norte para mí. Mis padres me decían que podía ser lo que quisiera, pero que tenía que respetar; es bueno ser un caballero”.

Clave del éxito
“Yo no sé cuál es la ckave del éxito; solo sé que trabajar siempre funciona y yo trabajé bien duro”, dijo Gilberto Santa Rosa en su Live Streaming desde Puerto Rico.

Nuevos salseros
“Tenemos que apoyar y proteger a los nuevos salseros; hay otros géneros que se consumen más y ellos quieren hacer salsa, es muy valiente de su parte”.

Buen apoyo
“Me ayudó tener gente bien cerca que ayuda y aporta a que esto camine y así uno puede no creerse la película de que se es omnipotente”.

Urbanos

“A los del reggaetón se les hacen muchas críticas, pero hay que reconocerles que rompieron esa barrera, que la gente, incluso de su misma compañía, no se juntaba”.
(Fuente: elcaribe.com.do)

          Venezuela Başsavcısı koruma talep etti   

          Netizen Report: Venezuela's Conflict Moves From the Streets to the Screen   
Global Voices Advocacy's Netizen Report offers an international snapshot of challenges, victories, and emerging trends in Internet rights around the world.
          THT Itineraries Part - II (USA)   
La Cordillera de los Andes is the world’s longest continental mountain range extending over seven countries from Venezuela all the way south to Chile and Argentina. It was home to many legendary and colorful Pre - Colombian civilizations. For more d...
          Analista de Relaciones Laborales Para trabajar en ... Valencia, Edo. Carabobo, Venezuela   
En Vocem, empresa líder en teleservicios, nos encontramos en la búsqueda de un profesional que se desenvuelva como Analista de Relaciones Laborales, entre las principales responsabilidades destacan: Orientar al personal Supervisorio(...)
          Psicólogo(a) Industrial Para trabajar en ... Caracas, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela   
Funciones: Ejecutar los procesos de captación, selección e ingreso de personal según los perfiles requeridos por la empresa, realizando entrevistas y aplicación de pruebas psicotécnicas. Elaborar el análisis e informes de(...)
          Analista de Reclutamiento y Selección Para trabajar en ... Caracas, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela   
Nos encontramos en la búsqueda de un profesional en el Área de Reclutamiento y Selección, con mínimo 3 años de experiencia en el área de reclutamiento y selección de personal con perfiles de target bajo y masivo. Procesamiento(...)
          Analista de Soporte Para trabajar en ... Caracas, Distrito Capital (Santa Monica), Venezuela   
Se solicita personal para cumplir las siguientes funciones: Dar soporte técnico efectivo y oportuno en los requerimientos a nuestros clientes internos en el uso de redes, internet, hardware, software. Realizar configuración de(...)
          Jefe de Recursos Humanos Para trabajar en ... Caracas, Edo. Miranda, Venezuela   
Se solicita profesional que le reporte al gerente del área para cumplir los procesos de: Supervisar y controlar todo el área administrativa de RRHH. Manejo de entes gubernamentales, reclutamiento y selección de personal, relaciones(...)
          Chefe da quadrilha que traficava cocaína em granito é preso   
Foto: Divulgação | PF
O chefe da quadrilha que enviava cocaína para a Europa em blocos de granito foi preso na noite desta quinta-feira (29), de acordo com a Polícia Federal. O esquema foi desarticulado em maio deste ano por investigadores de Minas Gerais, onde o grupo tinha estrutura montada. Ele é colombiano e a prisão ocorreu em Madri, na Espanha. Um mexicano, integrante da organização criminosa, já tinha sido preso no Aeroporto de Vitória, no dia 18 de abril.
Na prisão realizada na capital capixaba, policiais federais apreenderam 123 kg de cocaína ocultadas no interior de um bloco de granito, na ação batizada de "Operação Blockbuster". A droga veio da Colômbia para o Brasil e seria exportada de navio, através do Porto de Capuaba, em Vila Velha.
A Polícia Federal também apreendeu uma máquina de perfuração de granito avaliada em 100 mil dólares, no galpão que era utilizado por quatro traficantes mexicanos, na Serra, para armazenar drogas dentro de blocos da rocha. Segundo o delegado Ramon Almeida, chefe da Delegacia de Repressão a Entorpecentes, a máquina ainda não havia sido usada.
VÍDEO DA APREENSÃO


INVESTIGAÇÃO
A desconfiança do tráfico veio com a movimentação de pedras de granito, que era realizada por um grupo de quatro mexicanos. “Eles chegavam com visto de turismo no Estado, exerciam essa atividade de compra de pedras, com valor acima do comum, e permaneciam um grande período na Grande Vitória”, revelou o delegado.
Como a atividade seria inviável financeiramente, houve a desconfiança de uma atividade ilícita. Durante as investigações foi descoberta a verdadeira intenção dos mexicanos. “Eles foram monitorados 24 horas por dia, desde que os blocos começaram a ser movimentados. Conseguimos descobrir que eles estavam escondendo a cocaína dentro da pedra e exportando para a Europa”, contou.
Os mexicanos chegaram a comprar outras cinco pedras para disfarçar o objetivo real da vinda ao Estado. “Tivemos que olhar pedra por pedra. Na última, conseguimos encontrar a droga”, explicou Almeida.
Três dos quatro traficantes conseguiram voltar ao México antes da polícia encontrar a cocaína. Porém, um deles foi preso no Aeroporto de Vitória, 20 minutos antes do embarque, e autuado por associação e tráfico internacional de drogas. As penas por tráfico internacional de substância entorpecente e associação para o tráfico variam de 8 a 35 anos de prisão. O preso foi encaminhado para o Centro de Detenção Provisória de Viana e o processo tramitará perante a Justiça Federal em Vitória.
A atividade desenvolvida pelo mexicano estava sendo acompanhada pela Polícia Federal há cerca de 40 dias antes da prisão, tendo os policiais aguardado o melhor momento para abordagem, prisão e produção de provas da atividade ilícita.
PRISÃO DO CHEFE DA QUADRILHA
De acordo com a investigação, o chefe da quadrilha preso em Madri, na Espanha, era responsável pela coordenação, supervisão e financiamento de operações de envio e comercialização de cocaína por meio de contêineres marítimos e aéreos entre a América do Sul, especialmente o Brasil, e a Europa.
Até maio deste ano, a Operação Culinan havia resultado no indiciamento de 13 estrangeiros por tráfico internacional de cocaína e seis colombianos já haviam sido presos. Dois colombianos são considerados foragidos. Dois italianos, um albanês e um venezuelano, que seriam compradores da droga, tiveram pedidos de prisão revogados. A PF informou que, em junho deste ano, indiciou mais dois suspeitos, mas a nacionalidade deles ainda não foi divulgada.
Os blocos de granito escolhidos pela quadrilha tinham, em média, vinte e duas toneladas. Vários furos eram feitos, em toda a extensão da pedra, e os buracos eram preenchidos com cilindros de chumbo recheados de cocaína pura. Depois, os furos eram cobertos com pedra e resina.
A PF também informou que, segundo a Polícia Nacional da Colômbia, o chefe da quadrilha preso manteria laços com facções do clã do Golfo e Cordillera, coordenando a venda a carteis da Espanha, Bélgica e Itália. Em Madri, ele teria obtido documentos falsos para sair da Espanha, provavelmente para a Itália, de onde tentaria manter seus contatos com traficantes de drogas na Bolívia, no Peru e no Brasil.
O mandado de prisão preventiva foi expedido pela Justiça Federal de Belo Horizonte, com a finalidade de que seja extraditado para o Brasil. Houve cooperação internacional entre a Polícia Federal Brasileira, a Polícia da Espanha, a Polícia Nacional da Colômbia e a Interpol.
ESTRUTURA DA QUADRILHA E APREENSÃO
De acordo com a Polícia Federal, a quadrilha se estabeleceu em Belo Horizonte e em Nova Lima, na Região Metropolitana, onde tinha imóveis alugados e uma empresa fictícia para exportar blocos de granito para a Europa, com cocaína escondida dentro.
Em novembro do ano passado, a PF identificou uma exportação feita pelos criminosos, a partir dos portos de Vila Velha e do Rio de Janeiro. Sete blocos de granito estavam em contêineres, cujo destino era a Espanha, com entreposto na Antuérpia, Bélgica.
Com o apoio da polícia e da aduana belgas, a carga foi vistoriada e foram apreendidos, no porto de Antuérpia, pouco mais de 1 tonelada de cocaína, que estava escondida em dois dos blocos de granito exportados. Depois da apreensão, foram expedidos mandados de prisão preventiva contra os nove colombianos.
No dia 28 de abril, a PF prendeu em São Paulo o único dos investigados que se encontrava no Brasil. Na casa dele, segundo a corporação, foram apreendidos documentos, smartphones e mídias eletrônicas, um veículo, além de US$ 60 mil e R$ 34 mil em espécie. O preso, de nacionalidade colombiana, foi conduzido para Belo Horizonte, onde permanece detido à disposição da Justiça Federal.
No mesmo dia, na Colômbia, a polícia prendeu três investigados. A PF solicitou à Justiça Federal que se formalize à Colômbia o pedido de extradição dos presos para o Brasil.
O quinto colombiano suspeito de envolvimento foi preso em maio deste no no aeroporto de Bogotá, na Colômbia. A sexta prisão ocorreu em 11 de junho na cidade colombiana de Alcalá, no Valle del Cauca, com o apoio da Polícia Nacional da Colômbia e a Interpol.

          The 'Madurization' of Chavismo: anarchist statement on Venezuela   

Statement from the Anarchist Federation of Central America and the Caribbean on the ongoing crisis in Venezuela, its origins, and the need to resist both the Bolivarian government and its right-wing opposition.

read more


          carnelian earrings WARM. dalmatian jasper earrings. sterling silver earrings. orange earrings. simple. casual earrings. natural stones. by StoneSavvyJewelry   

17.00 USD

carnelian earrings WARM. dalmatian jasper earrings. sterling silver earrings. orange earrings. beige tan earrings. simple. casual earrings. natural stones.

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Politeness is to human nature what warmth is to wax. ~Arthur Schopenhauer
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well, aren't these fun? if you believe, both stones have special meaning for star signs Aries and Virgo. read more below.

length: 1 3/4" measured from top of ear wire.
all of my ear wires are sterling silver except for the hypoallergenic hooks, which are raw titanium. post ear wires will shorten the earrings by 1/4. round wire pictured here. you can enter the ear wire type in the search box above to see examples.

free domestic shipping is available for these earrings when your order totals $20 or more. Etsy doesn't have a feature for this calculation. I will refund your shipping costs if your order qualifies.

want something to match? please ask!
more carnelian.
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more jasper.
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carnelian is an a-grade agate. what a lot of people call “true-carnelian” is the fiery red/orange color, and in theory, carnelian is naturally that color. however, most of that “true” carnelian is heat-treated in secret, well before it reaches the gemstone-cutting factory. this apparently has been a secret for thousands of years; each part of the world thought everyone else’s carnelian was naturally red, but they were heating theirs, too. when held against the light, the color-treated carnelian shows its color in stripes, while natural carnelian shows a cloudy distribution of color. ancient Egyptian tombs are full of carnelian jewelry, as they believed the gemstone had great power in the afterlife. ancient Greeks and Romans called it sardius and used it for signet rings, cameos and intaglios. Hindu astrology names carnelian as the secondary stone of Scorpios. carnelian is found in Brazil, India, Australia, Russia, Madagascar, South Africa, Uruguay and USA.

the Greek origin of the word jasper, iapis, means “spotted stone.” this form of semi-precious chalcedony, or microcrystalline quartz, has colors of dark red, orange, pink, rust, yellow, tan, brown, green, gray, blue and black. its patterns are much less regular and defined than those of the other chalcedony variety, agate. another difference between the two is that jaspers are generally opaque, while agates tend to be translucent (or at least contain translucent bands). jasper gets its colorful patterns from other minerals present. this gemstone is often named according to its pattern; landscape jaspers are the most popular. jasper was a favorite in the ancient world, and the name jasper can be traced back in Hebrew, Assyrian, Persian, Greek and Latin. people of the fourth century called it the great “rain-bringer”. jasper is also known as the “supreme nurturer”. jasper is mined in North Africa, Sicily, France, India, Venezuela, Germany, the USA and many more countries.

the role played by silver in ancient civilizations is similar to that played by gold. until the eighteenth century silver was considered almost as valuable as gold. silver jewelry has been found as early as the fourth millennium B.C. Saxony was the main supplier of silver for a long time and as a result, became very rich. the discovery of the America's and subsequent silver mining in the United State and Mexico were responsible for the drop in value. silver is a precious metal, not a mineral. today the largest deposits of silver are found in Mexico, Australia and Russia.

->->-> for those who believe ;)

-- carnelian --
carnelian is believed to remind us to be “in the moment”. it is said to be a stone of protection, particularly from anger, jealousy and fear. it is also thought to bring passion to the wearer. carnelian promotes idealism and the awareness of social issues. red carnelian symbolizes activity and promotes energy.
star sign:
Pisces ~ carnelian helps Pisces put the past behind her and reconcile herself to life.
Aries ~ carnelian helps Aries to remember the here and now. with the support of carnelian, she can allow herself the time needed for rest and recuperation.
Gemini ~ this is a particularly potent gemstone for Gemini. it supports spiritual vitality. through its connection with the earth, it helps keep Gemini on course.
Cancer ~ carnelian can help Cancer who feels abandonment and loss particularly keenly. it teaches her that nature is constantly changing and that nothing in the universe can stand still.
Virgo ~ carnelian helps Virgo take pleasure in living. it reinforces her naturally steadfast character and gives her the boost needed to undertake new enterprises.

-- jasper --
jasper symbolizes will power. it promotes good health and well-being, encouraging harmony and inner calm. it strengthens the sense of self and its creative expression. jasper fosters modesty and self-restraining, strengthening one's sense of reality and connection to the earth. yellow jasper provides mental acuity. red jasper tempers negative feelings such as anger, jealousy and hatred.
star sign:
Capricorn ~ this gemstone promotes steadfastness and self-confidence for Capricorn. at the same time, it will remind her that the search for meaning must extend beyond her everyday cares and duties.
Aries ~ jasper endows Aries with follow through and energy. its red variant promotes sexual desire and fertility.
Virgo ~ jasper gives Virgo physical and psychological strength.

-- silver --
some believe that silver transmits and intensifies the power of healing stones, so that when they are set in silver they become even more powerful. turquoise and coral are examples. like gold, silver symbolizes wealth and prosperity. those prone to outbursts of anger and rudeness can be pacified by silver.

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