Charlie Parker - Ornithology   
Charlie Parker, ovvero uno dei più grandi personaggi della storia del jazz, una delle leggende della musica afroamericana. Anzi. Charlie Parker e Dizzy Gillespie, una coppia che nel giro di pochi anni è riuscita a rivoluzionare, è proprio il termine giusto, la musica afroamericana, il jazz. E non solo il jazz, perché il bebop, quella vertiginosa accelerazione che Parker e Gillespie impongono al jazz, diventa una bomba nelle sottoculture giovani dell’epoca, accendendo lo stile di vita di una intera generazione, da un capo all’altro dell’oceano. Ornithology è una delle composizioni più celebri di Parker, ed è uno dei cuori delle registrazioni del periodo d’oro del sassofonista assieme a Gillespie, con A Night in Tunisia, Koko, e molte altre. “Lezioni di rock” si sposta nel territorio del jazz, presentando uno dei dischi senza i quali è impossibile vivere, un album che raccoglie alcune delle più belle registrazioni di Parker nel periodo 1945-1947. Ernesto Assante e Gino Castaldo ripercorrono con voi le strade del bebop domenica 14 Dicembre alle 11 al Teatrostudio.
          Mens Skinny Lin Jeans, Blackened Indigo Blue Denim    
Mens Skinny Lin Jeans, Blackened Indigo Blue Denim

Mens Skinny Lin Jeans, Blackened Indigo Blue Denim

Nudie Jeans Mens Skinny Lin Jeans, Blackened Indigo Blue Denim Skinny Lin has a tight skinny fit and regular mid-rise at the waist Indigo wash jeans with black stitch detail Gunmetal branded hardware used throughout Five pocket, tapered leg design Classic button and zip-fly fastening Made from comfort stretch denim Material composition: 99% cotton, 1% elastane Care information: Machine washable Nudie Jeans style code: Skinny Lin Made in Tunisia


           Body of Berlin attack suspect returned to Tunisia    
The body of Anis Amri, the Tunisian blamed for the deadly truck attack on a Berlin Christmas market, was repatriated to the North African country on Friday...
          DLA expands in Africa with acquisitions in Senegal and Tunisia   
DLA Piper continues to increase its presence in Africa with two recent acquisitions.

The firm has acquired Tunisian firm El Ajeri Lawyers, a full service firm that focuses on eight sectors, including media, transport, banking, insurance and energy. DLA has also acquired Dakar-based GENI & KEBE, a 27-strong firm that specializes in litigation and arbitration.

DLA paris co-managing partner Michel Frieh said the acquisitions will help the firm improve its presence across Africa.

          In Madrid, gay activists from Muslim world urge freedom   
Tunisian activist Hafedh Trifi said the "priority" was to abolish this article and the anal test used to see if someone had gay sex -- a practice he qualified as "inhuman" and "degrading."
          [wanabidii] New content updates   

Dear Wanabidii Africa Mashariki,

The following new content has been been added to our website:

Press Releases


30/06/2017 - Le Conseil d'administration du Groupe de la Banque africaine de développement (BAD) a approuvé le nouveau Document de stratégie pays 2017-2021 pour la Tunisie. Ce document décrit le contenu du partenariat entre la BAD et la Tunisie pour les cinq (5) ans à venir.

Categories: Tunisia, Partnerships, Youth, Employment, Environment


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          [wanabidii] New content updates   

Dear Wanabidii Africa Mashariki,

The following new content has been been added to our website:

Press Releases


30/06/2017 - Du 3 mai au 30 juin 2017, le Partenariat Souk At-tanmia que la Banque africaine de développement (BAD) a lancé avec d'autres partenaires et qu'elle pilote, a organisé 42 ateliers de formation sur tout le territoire tunisien, au profit de 250 jeunes entrepreneurs et de 200 représentants de structures publiques et de la société civile opérant dans le domaine de l'entrepreneuriat en Tunisie. Ces formations s'inscrivent dans le cadre de la 3e édition de Souk At-tanmia, lancée en mars 2017. Objectifs : stimuler l'esprit d'initiative et renforcer l'écosystème entrepreneurial en Tunisie.

Categories: Tunisia, Private Sector, Youth, Poverty Reduction, Partnerships, Human Capital Development


Vacancies

Position title Publication date Closing date
Chief global client management expert 30/06/2017 13/07/2017
Archivist 30/06/2017 13/07/2017
Division manager strategy and transaction support 30/06/2017 13/07/2017
Advisor to vice president 30/06/2017 13/07/2017

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          Assia Djebar’s 81st Birthday   

Assia Djebar’s 81st Birthday

Date: June 30, 2017

Many women achieve greatness, but few become “Immortal.” Assia Djebar was the first woman from the Maghreb to be given the "Immortal" title, as a member of the Académie Française.

Born Fatima-Zohra Imalayene on this date in 1936, the Algerian novelist, translator, and filmmaker used the pen name Assia Djebar. She was the first Algerian woman to be admitted to the country’s top literary university, the Ecole Normale Superieure. Djebar published her first book at 21; by the time she was 30, she had written 4 novels in French. She quickly became one of North Africa's most influential writers.

A feminist, Djebar wrote about women's independence and encouraged Algerian women to forge their own paths and find their unique voices. She believed that education was the key to giving women a voice in society, and in 1962 began teaching history at the University of Algiers. Her work inspired many women to express themselves freely.

Today’s Doodle reflects a scene from the first chapter of Djebar’s novel Fantasia, in which she explores the history of Algeria through her experiences as a young girl.  

Location: Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates

Tags: Birthday, writer, novelist, Literature


          Somalia: Somalia Repatriation Update 1 - 31 May 2017   
Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Country: Djibouti, Kenya, Somalia, Tunisia, Yemen

HIGHLIGHTS

  • 3,769 Somali refugees returned to Somalia

  • 1,414 core relief items distributed to 1,139 households (3,864 returnees)

  • 549 newly enrolled students

  • 3,433 returnees provided with reinstallation grants

  • 26 shelters and 40 latrines constructed

  • 2,209 beneficiaries enrolled in community-based projects

UPDATE ON ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Operational context: Repatriation continued in May with flights only because road convoys remained suspended for impassable roads as a result of the Gu seasonal rain (April-June).

  • Country of Origin Information: On 8 May, UNHCR shared the Country of Origin Information (COI) for the month of April with the help desk in Kenya. The COI included information on drought, AWD/Cholera, rain forecast and drought-related displacement, and included links to further information and primary sources.

  • Cross-border meeting: On 30 May, the cross-border meeting took place with counterparts to review the repatriation process from Kenya to Somalia. At the meeting, participants established the Thematic Working Group to address issues and found solutions to particular issues.

RETURN FIGURES

  • During the month of May, 3,769 Somali refugees returned to Somalia, namely, 3,158 from Kenya, 414 from Yemen and 197 from Djibouti. In 2017, a total of 29,087 Somali refugeesreturned, including 26,759 from Kenya, 2,068 from Yemen, 258 from Djibouti and two from Tunisia.

  • Cumulatively, 98,552 Somali refugees have returned to Somalia; 66,647 from Kenya since the beginning of the repatriation in December 2014, 31,543 since the beginning of the crisis in March 2015 in Yemen and between 2014 and 2017, 362 Somalis from other countries of asylum (326 from Djibouti, 33 from Eritrea, two from Tunisia and one from Pakistan).


          The Economic Development In Africa Report 2017 ‘Tourism for Transformative and Inclusive Growth’   

Geneva, 29 June 2016 – Reaching the peak of Mt Kilimanjaro, having a medical procedure in Tunisia, observing Rhino’s at an eco-lodge in Namibia, rafting the Zambezi River, these are all forms of a growing and eclectic tourism industry in Africa. This year, UNCTAD’s ‘Economic Development in Africa Report 2017’ focuses on ‘Tourism for transformative […]

The post The Economic Development In Africa Report 2017 ‘Tourism for Transformative and Inclusive Growth’ appeared first on United Nations Sustainable Development.


          The Economic Development In Africa Report 2017 ‘Tourism For Transformative And Inclusive Growth’ (Media Advisory)   

  THE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA REPORT  2017 ‘TOURISM FOR TRANSFORMATIVE AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH’   Geneva, June 2016 – Reaching the peak of Mt Kilimanjaro, having a medical procedure in Tunisia, observing Rhino’s at an eco-lodge in Namibia, rafting the Zambezi River, these are all forms of a growing and eclectic tourism industry in Africa. This […]

The post The Economic Development In Africa Report 2017 ‘Tourism For Transformative And Inclusive Growth’ (Media Advisory) appeared first on United Nations Sustainable Development.


          Débat autour de l'ouvrage The Making of The Tunisian Revolution, avec Francesco Cavatorta    
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          Watch on BBC World News: eight-part series based on UNESCO’s "General History of Africa" book collection   

in_focus_gha_zeinab_badawi.jpg

© BBC World News

Zeinab Badawi delves into the history of Africa for a brand new, eight-part series on BBC World News. The continent of Africa has a long, complex history, and its people built civilizations which rivalled those that existed anywhere else in the world. However, much of the continent’s history is not widely known, and what we are presented with often projects a distorted and partial picture. Sudan-born Zeinab travels to all four corners of Africa, interviewing African historians, archaeologists, and citizens whose accounts and stories paint a vivid picture of their continent's past and how it informs their present lives. It is a series that will inform, educate and entertain - Africa’s history told by Africans themselves.

 

Episodes

BBC World TV: Transmission dates (GMT)

   

1) Mother Africa

In the first episode Zeinab Badawi travels across the continent, examining the origins of humankind and how and why we evolved in Africa. During her journey Zeinab is granted rare access to the genuine bones of one of the most iconic discoveries in the field of palaeontology: Lucy in Ethiopia, or as she is known in Amharic ‘Dinkenesh' - which means 'you are marvellous’! Zeinab also spends time with a unique tribe in Tanzania, who provide insight into how we have lived, for most of our history, as hunter-gatherers. She also looks at what distinguishes us from the animal world and makes us human.

Sat 1st July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 2nd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

2) Cattle, crops and Iron

Zeinab Badawi continues her journey through the history of human development, travelling to meet the Masai of East Africa where she explains how humans began to domesticate animals and become pastoralists; in Zimbabwe, Zeinab visits one lively farming family and examines how we became settled and began to live from farming. She also looks at how the Iron Age transformed life in Africa and paved the way for the development of rich urban civilisations.

Sat 8th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 9th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

3) Gift of the Nile

Zeinab Badawi’s quest to uncover the history of Africa takes her to Egypt, where she explores the most famous civilisation on the continent – the ancient Egyptians. Zeinab takes you beyond the usual coverage of the pharaohs and asks first who the ancient Egyptians actually were? What was their ethnicity? What made such a great civilisation possible? How did they order their society, and what were their values?

Sat 15th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 16th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

4) The Kingdom of Kush

In the fourth episode, Zeinab Badawi travels to the country of her birth and the very region of her forefathers: northern Sudan, where she sheds light on a little know aspect of ancient African history: the Kingdom of Kush. Its kings ruled for many hundreds of years and indeed in the eighth century BC, they conquered and governed Egypt for the best part of 100 years. Furthermore Kush was an African superpower, its influence extended to the modern day Middle East. Zeinab shows you some of the best preserved of Sudan’s s 1,000 pyramids and explains how some of the customs of Kush have endured to this day.

Sat 22nd July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 23rd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

5) The Rise of Aksum

Zeinab Badawi travels to the little visited country of Eritrea and neighbouring Ethiopia, to chart the rise of the Kingdom of Aksum. Described as one of the four greatest civilisations of the ancient world, Zeinab examines archaeological remains in both countries dating from many hundreds of years before Christ. She explains how the Kings of Aksum grew rich and powerful from their control of the Red Sea trade and how they were one of the first civilisations that officially embraced Christianity in the 4th century. Also find out why the Queen of Sheba and the Sacred Ark of the Covenant are so critical to the story of Aksum.

Sat 29th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 30th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

6) Kings and Emirs

In the sixth episode, Zeinab Badawi focuses on the fall of the kingdom of Aksum, and how the Christian kings that followed in Aksum’s wake left powerful legacies, especially that of King Lalibela. He is credited with building a complex of rock-hewn churches, which represent amazing feats of engineering. She also charts the arrival of Islam in this part of Africa and how the Christian kings and Muslim emirs co-existed. In the most Muslim of Ethiopia’s cities Harar: she observes the bizarre, long standing tradition of the Hyena Men of Harar.

Sat 5th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 6th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

7) North Africa

In the penultimate episode, Zeinab Badawi’s exploration of Africa’s rich history focuses on North Africa. She goes to Morocco to find out about the original inhabitants of the region - in particular the Berbers or Amazigh - the best known of the people of North Africa. Zeinab visits Carthage in Tunisia and explains who the Carthaginians were. She looks at the great Berber kings and how they managed to retain their influence when North Africa came under Roman rule. Zeinab shows you some of the most extensive and least visited Roman sites in Algeria.

Sat 12th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 13th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

8) Pagans and God

In the final episode, Zeinab Badawi examines the role of religion in Africa. To this day tens of millions of Africans are pagans, who worship a pantheon of Gods and venerate their ancestors. And many more millions of Africans incorporate pagan customs into their monotheistic beliefs. Zeinab takes you through the stages of the arrival of monotheism in Africa: first Judaism , then early Christianity and then finally Islam. She charts the rise of the powerful Islamic dynasties of North Africa, that went on to conquer Spain.

Sat 19th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 20th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

 


          Tunisian Beauty Sucks And Fucks Cock In Desert   
Watch Tunisian Beauty Sucks And Fucks Cock In Desert at free fuck and porn video site
          Meet me on Ravelry   
On my Ravelry-page I share crochet patterns
free and for sale.

I've had this account on Ravelry for almost 6 years,
but I haven't really spent much time on the website
– untill now ...

More designs and patterns made by me
will be added along the way!

On Ravelry you find me as LisbetLL.

~o~

For those of you who don't already know Ravelry.com:

Ravelry is a community for YARN-FREAKS
– crochet, tunisian crochet, and knitting.

On Ravelry you can find and share patterns
– for free and for sale ...
and you can find patterns on a lot of clothes, toys, ornaments etc.

So ... if you're a yarn-person, I'm pretty sure
you'll find this site quite interesting.

~o~

Happy thursday everyone ...! :-)

*SMILES*
to you from me,
Lisbet



          ITF: Qaaswa Tanker’s Crew Returns Home Safely   
container silhouette
The embattled 15 crew members of the tanker Qaaswa, marooned off Tunisia for months, are now safely home with most of their owed wages – thanks to the ITF.
           Salma Anis Amri riportata in Tunisia    
TUNISI - Sarebbe arrivata in Tunisia su di un volo di linea proveniente da Milano la salma di Anis Amri, l'attentatore tunisino del mercatino di Natale a Berlino, ucciso poi a Sesto San Giovanni il 23 dicembre durante un conflitto a fuoco con la Polizia italiana. Lo riportano alcuni media tunisini secondo i quali la famiglia di Amri avrebbe pagato circa 11 mila dinari (equivalenti a 3.960 euro) per il rimpatrio e la consegna del cadavere. Il cadavere di Amri era rimasto a lungo in obitorio a Milano proprio per questioni legate al pagamento delle spese di rimpatrio della salma.
          British Museum Acquires New Middle Eastern Photography With Help Of Art Fund   

The British Museum has acquired photographs by nine artists from across the Middle East with support from Art Fund. This new acquisition takes the British Museum's Middle East art collection in new directions capturing moments in time and engaging with recent and current histories.

Syrian artist Jaber Al Azmeh (b. 1973), in his series Resurrection, invited his sitters to
turn the Syrian government newspaper al-Baath upside down and make comments on it. These photographs are part of a free temporary display in Room 34 - Living histories: recent acquisitions of works on paper by contemporary Arab artists, until 22 October 2017. The work is shown together with recent acquisitions of posters, prints, drawings, photographs and artists' books. Many of the artists come from Syria, their work produced following the uprisings that began in 2011 that have since resulted in full scale civil war.

Four of the artists in this newly acquired group are from North Africa. Algerian-born Lydia Ouhrahmane (b. 1992) and French-Moroccan Leila Alaoui (1982-2016), focus on aspects of migration. Through the medium of Polaroids Ouhrahmane captures the caves where young Algerian migrants hide before making the crossing to Europe from Oran, while the brilliant photojournalist Leila Alaoui, killed in Burkina Faso, highlights the hope of young Tunisian migrants as well as the resignation clearly seen in the faces of refugees from Syria on the border with Lebanon. Tunisians Nidhal Chamekh (b. 1985) and Héla Ammar
(b. 1969) turn to events in their country prior to the revolution of 2011. Chamekh focuses on the Bread Riots of 1984, his subject Professor Fadhel Sassi, shot in Tunis, and Ammar on the conditions of prisoners in Tunisian jails.

Iraqi-Kurdish artist Jamal Penjwaney's darkly comic Saddam is Here, is intended to remind the viewer that Saddam's shadow still follows Iraqi society everywhere well after his demise.

There are two Iranian artists from different generations - Hengameh Golestan (b. 1952) captures a demonstration in 1979 by women against the wearing of the chador, while Newsha Tavakolian (b. 1981) in her photobook based on the idea of a childhood family album, reflects on the gritty, ordinary realities of everyday encounters in Tehran. Finally, in a direct connection with the Museum's historic collection is the work of Emy Kat (b. 1959) who depicts the now-derelict Jeddah house of Harry St John 'Abdullah' Philby, a British civil servant and explorer who became adviser to the first ruler of Saudi Arabia. His work is a direct counterpoint to the nearly 700 archaeological items collected by Philby on his travels, now held in the Museum.

This Art Fund support is part of an initiative begun in 2009, in which a capsule collection of photographs by Middle Eastern artists was created at the British Museum and Victoria and Albert Museum. Many of the works acquired then were shown in 2012 at the V&A in an exhibition (13 Nov 2012 - 7 Apr 2013) with accompanying catalogue published by Steidl:
Light from the Middle East. A version of this exhibition, entitled True to Life: New Photography of the Middle East, was later shown at Birmingham Museum & Art Gallery in 2014.

Hartwig Fischer, Director of the British Museum, said: "We are hugely grateful for Art Fund's support of important acquisitions like these photographs. It is through collecting contemporary art like this that the British Museum's collection will continue to reflect the history of the world for future generations."

Stephen Deuchar, Art Fund director, said: "Many artists today are using the medium of photography to engage with unfolding events across the Middle East. Art Fund's establishment in 2009 of a special fund to facilitate collecting in this field by both the British Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum led to the formation of an important body of work, which this New Group of acquisitions now joins. We congratulate the British Museum curators on this imaginative and successful progression of a pioneering initiative."


          Watchdog: BDS Movement’s Campaign Against Jewish Comedian Is Anti-Semitic   
Tunisian-born comedian Michel Boujenah is being boycotted because he is a Zionist.
          Spanish + French Arabic beIN max sport vlc   




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http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/456.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Golf
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/434.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Futbol HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/425.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Estrenos
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/402.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Deportes 2
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/424.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Deportes
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/423.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Dcine HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/406.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C  Accion HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/404.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: C   Futbol
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/426.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Boing
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/449.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Bein Sports
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/428.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Barca TV
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/430.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Baby TV
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/451.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Axn HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/414.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Antena 3
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/394.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: Amc
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/413.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP: 24 Horas
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/453.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SP:  C  Comedia HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/405.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ CANAL J
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/381.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ CANAL  SERIES
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/382.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ CANAL  HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/383.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ CANAL  FAMILY
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/384.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ CANAL  DECALE HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/385.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ CANAL  CINEMA HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/386.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ BeIN SPORTS 3 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/372.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ BeIN SPORTS 2 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/371.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ BeIN SPORTS 1 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/370.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ ARTE
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/378.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_ AB1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/379.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR:TOUTE L'HISTOIRE HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/391.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR:TF1 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/387.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR:NT1 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/390.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR:M6 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/388.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR:INFOSPORT HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/377.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR: Sfr Sport 3
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/375.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR | SFR_SPORT_2
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/374.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR | SFR_SPORT_1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/373.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TESTUK1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/365.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TESTUK2
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/366.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TESTUK3
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/367.ts
#EXTINF:-1,UKTESTUSA5
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/369.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Serie Club
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/338.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Ocs Max
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/339.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Ocs Geant
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/340.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Ocs City
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/342.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Ocs Choc
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/341.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Primer
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/331.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Polar
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/337.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Fx
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/336.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Frission
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/332.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Famiz
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/333.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cine emotion
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/334.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cine Classic
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/335.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Canal Series
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/330.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Canal plus
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/326.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Canal family
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/327.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Canal Decale
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/328.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Canal Cinema
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/329.ts
#EXTINF:-1,ZAYTOUNA_HIDAYA_TV
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/35.ts
#EXTINF:-1,W9 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/155.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Voyage
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/213.ts
#EXTINF:-1,USHUAIA TV HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/212.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TUNISIA_FIRST_TV
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/27.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TMC FR
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/162.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TIME FILM
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/89.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TIME CINMA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/88.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TF 1 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/153.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TEVA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/164.ts
#EXTINF:-1,PLANETE_CI_HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/215.ts
#EXTINF:-1,PLANET HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/214.ts
#EXTINF:-1,PARIS PREMIERE HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/168.ts
#EXTINF:-1,PANORAMA FILM
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/80.ts
#EXTINF:-1,ontv
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/104.ts
#EXTINF:-1,ON sport
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/107.ts
#EXTINF:-1,ON Live news
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/106.ts
#EXTINF:-1,ON Live
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/105.ts
#EXTINF:-1,NT1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/165.ts
#EXTINF:-1,NRJ 12
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/167.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Nick JR
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/259.ts
#EXTINF:-1,National Geographic HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/242.ts
#EXTINF:-1,NATIONAL GEO WILLD HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/221.ts
#EXTINF:-1,NATIONAL GEO ABU DHABI
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/110.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MECCA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/138.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MbcBollywood
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/71.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MBC2
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/67.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MBC DRAMA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/70.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MBC 4
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/69.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MBC 3
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/68.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MBC 1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/66.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MAROC | MEDI 1 TV
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/25.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MAROC | ASSADISA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/24.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MAROC | ARRIADIA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/23.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MAROC | ARRABIA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/22.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MAROC | AL OULA INTER
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/21.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MAROC | AL AOULA HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/20.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MAROC | 2M Maroc
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/19.ts
#EXTINF:-1,MANGAS
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/224.ts
#EXTINF:-1,M6_Music
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/172.ts
#EXTINF:-1,M6 FR
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/154.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Lequipe_21
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/222.ts
#EXTINF:-1,LCI
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/166.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FR_PLANETE_A&E_HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/216.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FRANCE-3HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/157.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FRANCE-2-HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/156.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FRANCE O
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/160.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FRANCE 5
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/159.ts
#EXTINF:-1,FRANCE 4
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/158.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Foot  24
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/206.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Eurosport_1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/207.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Ennahar Tv
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/13.ts
#EXTINF:-1,DISNEY XD FR
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/228.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Disney Jr
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/258.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Discovery Turbo
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/244.ts
#EXTINF:-1,DISCOVERY SCIENCE HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/243.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Discovery History
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/240.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Discovery Channel
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/239.ts
#EXTINF:-1,C_STAR
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/177.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cine_FX
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/191.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cherie_25
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/173.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Chasse_et_Peche
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/220.ts
#EXTINF:-1,CBCsofra
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/116.ts
#EXTINF:-1,CARTOON NETWORK FR
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/227.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Cartoon Network
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/257.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Canal_J
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/226.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Canal_Algerie
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/5.ts
#EXTINF:-1,C8
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/178.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BZAF TV
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/17.ts
#EXTINF:-1,beINSPORT01_HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/1.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BEINSPORT 1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/201.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Bein Sport3
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/204.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Bein sport2
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/203.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Bein sport1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/202.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Bein Movies 4 HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/44.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BeIN Movies 3HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/43.ts
#EXTINF:-1,beIN MOVIES 2HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/42.ts
#EXTINF:-1,beIN MOVIES 1HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/41.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BeinSport-9HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/53.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BeinSport-8HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/52.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BEINSPORT-7HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/51.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BEINSPORT-6HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/50.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BEINSPORT-5HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/49.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BEINSPORT-4HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/48.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BEINSPORT-3HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/47.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BEINSPORT-2HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/46.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BEINSPORT-1HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/45.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BE-BeinSport-10HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/54.ts
#EXTINF:-1,balad HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/115.ts
#EXTINF:-1,balad 2 tv
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/109.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Attesia_TV
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/37.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_TUNESSIA_NATIONAL2
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/33.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_TUNESNA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/32.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_TUNESIA_NATIONAL1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/31.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_Rotana_Masriya
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/83.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_Rotana_Khalijiah
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/82.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_Rotana_Aflam
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/81.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_Art_Hekayat_2
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/325.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_Art_Hekayat_1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/324.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_Art_Cinema
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/323.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_Art_Aflam_2
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/322.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR_Art_Aflam_1
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/321.ts
#EXTINF:-1,ARTE HD
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/179.ts
#EXTINF:-1,ARISALA
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/143.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR:ZEE.AFLAM
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/128.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR:Zaitouna
http://rckiptv.ddns.net:7676/live/nqashalhob/nqashalhob/34.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR:Syria_Nour
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#EXTINF:-1,AR:Syria_Drama
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          Body of Berlin attack suspect returned to Tunisia   
The body of Anis Amri, the Tunisian blamed for the deadly truck attack on a Berlin Christmas market, was repatriated to the North African country on Friday for burial.
          The Folly of the Next Afghan "Surge"   

Tread Carefully: The Folly of the Next Afghan "Surge"

Thursday, June 29, 2017 By Danny SjursenTomDispatch | News Analysis 
A US Army soldier fires at Taliban fighters near the village of Allah Say, Afghanistan, on August 21, 2007. (Photo: The US Army)A US Army soldier fires at Taliban fighters near the village of Allah Say, Afghanistan, on August 21, 2007. (Photo: The US Army)
We walked in a single file. Not because it was tactically sound. It wasn't -- at least according to standard infantry doctrine. Patrolling southern Afghanistan in column formation limited maneuverability, made it difficult to mass fire, and exposed us to enfilading machine-gun bursts. Still, in 2011, in the Pashmul District of Kandahar Province, single file was our best bet.
The reason was simple enough: improvised bombs not just along roads but seemingly everywhere.  Hundreds of them, maybe thousands. Who knew?
That's right, the local "Taliban" -- a term so nebulous it's basically lost all meaning -- had managed to drastically alter U.S. Army tactics with crude, homemade explosives stored in plastic jugs. And believe me, this was a huge problem. Cheap, ubiquitous, and easy to bury, those anti-personnel Improvised Explosive Devices, or IEDs, soon littered the "roads," footpaths, and farmland surrounding our isolated outpost. To a greater extent than a number of commanders willingly admitted, the enemy had managed to nullify our many technological advantages for a few pennies on the dollar (or maybe, since we're talking about the Pentagon, it was pennies on the millions of dollars).
Truth be told, it was never really about our high-tech gear.  Instead, American units came to rely on superior training and discipline, as well as initiative and maneuverability, to best their opponents.  And yet those deadly IEDs often seemed to even the score, being both difficult to detect and brutally effective. So there we were, after too many bloody lessons, meandering along in carnival-like, Pied Piper-style columns. Bomb-sniffing dogs often led the way, followed by a couple of soldiers carrying mine detectors, followed by a few explosives experts. Only then came the first foot soldiers, rifles at the ready. Anything else was, if not suicide, then at least grotesquely ill-advised.
And mind you, our improvised approach didn't always work either. To those of us out there, each patrol felt like an ad hoc round of Russian roulette.  In that way, those IEDs completely changed how we operated, slowing movement, discouraging extra patrols, and distancing us from what was then considered the ultimate "prize": the local villagers, or what was left of them anyway.  In a counterinsurgency (COIN) campaign, which is what the U.S. military was running in Afghanistan in those years, that was the definition of defeat.
Strategic Problems in Microcosm
My own unit faced a dilemma common to dozens -- maybe hundreds -- of other American units in Afghanistan. Every patrol was slow, cumbersome, and risky. The natural inclination, if you cared about your boys, was to do less. But effective COIN operations require securing territory and gaining the trust of the civilians living there. You simply can't do that from inside a well-protected American base. One obvious option was to live in the villages -- which we eventually did -- but that required dividing up the company into smaller groups and securing a second, third, maybe fourth location, which quickly became problematic, at least for my 82-man cavalry troop (when at full strength). And, of course, there were no less than fivevillages in my area of responsibility.
I realize, writing this now, that there's no way I can make the situation sound quite as dicey as it actually was.  How, for instance, were we to "secure and empower" a village population that was, by then, all but nonexistent?  Years, even decades, of hard fighting, air strikes, and damaged crops had left many of those villages in that part of Kandahar Province little more than ghost towns, while cities elsewhere in the country teemed with uprooted and dissatisfied peasant refugees from the countryside.
Sometimes, it felt as if we were fighting over nothing more than a few dozen deserted mud huts.  And like it or not, such absurdity exemplified America's war in Afghanistan.  It still does.  That was the view from the bottom.  Matters weren't -- and aren't -- measurably better at the top.  As easily as one reconnaissance troop could be derailed, so the entire enterprise, which rested on similarly shaky foundations, could be unsettled.
At a moment when the generals to whom President Trump recently delegateddecision-making powers on U.S. troop strength in that country consider a new Afghan "surge," it might be worth looking backward and zooming out just a bit. Remember, the very idea of "winning" the Afghan War, which left my unit in that collection of mud huts, rested (and still rests) on a few rather grandiose assumptions. 
The first of these surely is that the Afghans actually want (or ever wanted) us there; the second, that the country was and still is vital to our national security; and the third, that 10,000, 50,000, or even 100,000 foreign troops ever were or now could be capable of "pacifying" an insurgency, or rather a growing set of insurgencies, or securing 33 million souls, or facilitating a stable, representative government in a heterogeneous, mountainous, landlocked country with little history of democracy.
The first of these points is at least debatable. As you might imagine, any kind of accurate polling is quite difficult, if not impossible, outside the few major population centers in that isolated country.  Though many Afghans, particularly urban ones, may favor a continued U.S. military presence, others clearly wonder what good a new influx of foreigners will do in their endlessly war-torn nation.  As one high-ranking Afghan official recently lamented, thinking undoubtedly of the first use in his land of the largest non-nuclear bomb on the planet, "Is the plan just to use our country as a testing ground for bombs?" And keep in mind that the striking rise in territory the Taliban now controls, the most since they were driven from power in 2001, suggests that the U.S. presence is hardly welcomed everywhere.
The second assumption is far more difficult to argue or justify.  To say the least, classifying a war in far-away Afghanistan as "vital" relies on a rather pliable definition of the term.  If that passes muster -- if bolstering the Afghan military to the tune of (at least) tens of billions of dollars annually and thousands of new boots-on-the-ground in order to deny safe haven to "terrorists" is truly "vital" -- then logically the current U.S. presences in Iraq, Syria, Somalia, and Yemen are critical as well and should be similarly fortified.  And what about the growing terror groups in Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Tunisia, and so on?  We're talking about a truly expensive proposition here -- in blood and treasure.  But is it true?  Rational analysis suggests it is not.  After all, on average about seven Americans were killed by Islamist terrorists on U.S. soil annually from 2005 to 2015.  That puts terrorism deaths right up there with shark attacks and lightning strikes.  The fear is real, the actual danger... less so.
As for the third point, it's simply preposterous. One look at U.S. military attempts at "nation-building" or post-conflict stabilization and pacification in Iraq, Libya, or -- dare I say -- Syria should settle the issue. It's often said that the best predictor of future behavior is past behavior. Yet here we are, 14 years after the folly of invading Iraq and many of the same voices -- inside and outside the administration -- are clamoring for one more "surge" in Afghanistan (and, of course, will be clamoring for the predictable surges to follow across the Greater Middle East).
The very idea that the U.S. military had the ability to usher in a secure Afghanistan is grounded in a number of preconditions that proved to be little more than fantasies.  First, there would have to be a capable, reasonably corruption-free local governing partner and military.  That's a nonstarter.  Afghanistan's corrupt, unpopular national unity government is little better than the regime of Ngo Dinh Diem in South Vietnam in the 1960s and that American war didn't turn out so well, did it?  Then there's the question of longevity.  When it comes to the U.S. military presence there, soon to head into its 16th year, how long is long enough?  Several mainstream voices, including former Afghan commander General David Petraeus, are now talking about at least a "generation" more to successfully pacify Afghanistan.  Is that really feasible given America's growing resource constraints and the ever expanding set of dangerous "ungoverned spaces" worldwide?
And what could a new surge actually do?  The U.S. presence in Afghanistan is essentially a fragmented series of self-contained bases, each of which needs to be supplied and secured.  In a country of its size, with a limited transportation infrastructure, even the 4,000-5,000 extra troops the Pentagon is reportedly considering sending right now won't go very far. 
Now, zoom out again.  Apply the same calculus to the U.S. position across the Greater Middle East and you face what we might start calling the Afghan paradox, or my own quandary safeguarding five villages with only 82 men writ large.  Do the math.  The U.S. military is already struggling to keep up with its commitments.  At what point is Washington simply spinning its proverbial wheels?  I'll tell you when -- yesterday.
Now, think about those three questionable Afghan assumptions and one uncomfortable actuality leaps forth. The only guiding force left in the American strategic arsenal is inertia.
What Surge 4.0 Won't Do -- I Promise ...
Remember something: this won't be America's first Afghan "surge."  Or its second, or even its third.  No, this will be the U.S. military's fourth crack at it.  Who feels lucky?  First came President George W. Bush's "quiet" surge back in 2008.  Next, just one month into his first term, newly minted President Barack Obama sent 17,000 more troops to fight his so-called good war (unlike the bad one in Iraq) in southern Afghanistan.  After a testy strategic review, he then committed 30,000 additional soldiers to the "real" surge a year later.  That's what brought me (and the rest of B Troop, 4-4 Cavalry) to Pashmul district in 2011.  We left -- most of us -- more than five years ago, but of course about 8,800 American military personnel remain today and they are the basis for the surge to come.
To be fair, Surge 4.0 might initially deliver certain modest gains (just as each of the other three did in their day).  Realistically, more trainers, air support, and logistics personnel could indeed stabilize some Afghan military units for some limited amount of time.  Sixteen years into the conflict, with 10% as many American troops on the ground as at the war's peak, and after a decade-plus of training, Afghan security forces are still being battered by the insurgents.  In the last years, they've been experiencing record casualties, along with the usual massive stream of desertions and the legions of "ghost soldiers" who can neither die nor desert because they don't exist, although their salaries do (in the pockets of their commanders or other lucky Afghans).  And that's earned them a "stalemate," which has left the Taliban and other insurgent groups in control of a significant part of the country.  And if all goes well (which isn't exactly a surefire thing), that's likely to be the best that Surge 4.0 can produce: a long, painful tie.
Peel back the onion's layers just a bit more and the ostensible reasons for America's Afghan War vanish along with all the explanatory smoke and mirrors. After all, there are two things the upcoming "mini-surge" will emphatically not do:
*It won't change a failing strategic formula.
Imagine that formula this way: American trainers + Afghan soldiers + loads of cash + (unspecified) time = a stable Afghan government and lessening Taliban influence.
It hasn't worked yet, of course, but -- so the surge-believers assure us -- that's because we need more: more troops, more money, more time.  Like so many loyal Reaganites, their answers are always supply-side ones and none of them ever seems to wonder whether, almost 16 years later, the formula itself might not be fatally flawed.
According to news reports, no solution being considered by the current administration will even deal with the following interlocking set of problems: Afghanistan is a large, mountainous, landlocked, ethno-religiously heterogeneous, poor country led by a deeply corrupt government with a deeply corrupt military.  In a place long known as a "graveyard of empires," the United States military and the Afghan Security Forces continue to wage what one eminent historian has termed "fortified compound warfare."  Essentially, Washington and its local allies continue to grapple with relatively conventional threats from exceedingly mobile Taliban fighters across a porous border with Pakistan, a country that has offered not-so-furtive support and a safe haven for those adversaries.  And the Washington response to this has largely been to lock its soldiers inside those fortified compounds (and focus on protecting them against "insider attacks" by those Afghans it works with and trains).  It hasn't worked.  It can't.  It won't. 
Consider an analogous example.  In Vietnam, the United States never solved the double conundrum of enemy safe havens and a futile search for legitimacy.  The Vietcong guerillas and North Vietnamese Army used nearby Cambodia, Laos, and North Vietnam to rest, refit, and replenish.  U.S. troops meanwhile lacked legitimacy because their corrupt South Vietnamese partners lacked it.
Sound familiar?  We face the same two problems in Afghanistan: a Pakistani safe haven and a corrupt, unpopular central government in Kabul.  Nothing, and I mean nothing, in any future troop surge will effectively change that.
*It won't pass the logical fallacy test.
The minute you really think about it, the whole argument for a surge or mini-surge instantly slides down a philosophical slippery slope.
If the war is really about denying terrorists safe havens in ungoverned or poorly governed territory, then why not surge more troops into Yemen, Somalia, Nigeria, Libya, Pakistan (where al-Qaeda leader Ayman al-Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden's son Hamza bin-Laden are believed to be safely ensconced), Iraq, Syria, Chechnya, Dagestan (where one of the Boston Marathon bombers was radicalized), or for that matter Paris or London.  Every one of those places has harbored and/or is harboring terrorists.  Maybe instead of surging yet again in Afghanistan or elsewhere, the real answer is to begin to realize that all the U.S. military in its present mode of operation can do to change that reality is make it worse.  After all, the last 15 years offer a vision of how it continually surges and in the process only creates yet more ungovernable lands and territories. 
So much of the effort, now as in previous years, rests on an evident desire among military and political types in Washington to wage the war they know, the one their army is built for: battles for terrain, fights that can be tracked and measured on maps, the sort of stuff that staff officers (like me) can display on ever more-complicated PowerPoint slides.  Military men and traditional policymakers are far less comfortable with ideological warfare, the sort of contest where their instinctual proclivity to "do something" is often counterproductive.
As U.S. Army Field Manual 3-24 -- General David Petraeus' highly touted counterinsurgency "bible" -- wisely opined: "Sometimes doing nothing is the best reaction."  It's high time to follow such advice (even if it's not the advice that Petraeus himself is offering anymore).
A little foreign policy humility goes a long way toward not heading down that slippery slope.  Why, then, do Americans continue to deceive themselves?  Why do they continue to believe that even 100,000 boys from Indiana and Alabama could alter Afghan society in a way Washington would like?  Or any other foreign land for that matter?
I suppose some generals and policymakers are just plain gamblers.  But before putting your money on the next Afghan surge, it might be worth flashing back to the limitations, struggles, and sacrifices of just one small unit in one tiny, contested district of southern Afghanistan in 2011...
Lonely Pashmul
So, on we walked -- single file, step by treacherous step -- for nearly a year.  Most days things worked out.  Until they didn't.  Unfortunately, some soldiers found bombs the hard way: three dead, dozens wounded, one triple amputee.  So it went and so we kept on going.  Always onward. Ever forward. For America? Afghanistan? Each other? No matter.  And so it seems other Americans will keep on going in 2017, 2018, 2019...
Lift foot. Hold breath. Step. Exhale.
Keep walking... to defeat... but together.
[Note: The views expressed in this article are those of the author, expressed in an unofficial capacity, and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of the Army, Department of Defense, or the U.S. government.]
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DANNY SJURSEN

Major Danny Sjursen is a US Army strategist and former history instructor at West Point. He served tours with reconnaissance units in Iraq and Afghanistan. He has written a memoir and critical analysis of the Iraq War, Ghostriders of Baghdad: Soldiers, Civilians, and the Myth of the Surge. He lives with his wife and four sons near Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. 

          Big guns look to bounce back   
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          Tunisians Celebrate Anniversary Of Peaceful Triumph   
TUNIS, Tunisia (AP) — Thousands of Tunisians marched in peaceful triumph Saturday to mark the one-year anniversary of the revolution that ended the dictatorship of Zine El Abidine Ben Ali – and sparked uprisings around the Arab world. Tunisia greeted the anniversary with prudent optimism, amid worries about high unemployment that cast a shadow over […]
          Terrorismo, la salma di Anis Amri in viaggio per la Tunisia   
La salma del terrorista avrebbe lasciato l'obitorio di Milano in cui è rimasta per tutti questi mesi
          150 Artists Collaborated To Turn The Streets Of Tunisia Into Works Of Art   
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          Freelancer sports scout in Tunisia   
Freelancer sports scout in Tunisia - Sport & Freizeit

Sports Data AG is one of the world's leading suppliers for sport-related live data. Our system is based on our unique, fully automated data extraction and supervision technology for highest quality standard, combined with a complex scout and video signal monitoring system.

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The sports events we are covering include Soccer, Tennis, Basketball, Volleyball ,Beach volleyball,Handball, Futsal, Inc Hockey ,etc,etc

We are currently looking for live sports reporter (Scout) in  Tunisia. If you are sports enthusiastic, and willing to earn return by your efforts, this will be a fantastic opportunity for you. We will offer you a long-term, reliable part-time job.

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After proper online training, scouts need to go to stadium which is close to their own live place to report match in live by using own mobile phone keypad. Take soccer match as example: scout need to input all relevant statistics like attacking, corner, yellow (red card), goal, etc. Sportradar’s unique automated system will call scouts mobile phone 15 minutes before match start. There is no any phone cost on scout’s side.

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1, scouts must have basic knowledge on soccer and other relevant sports, but soccer is always priority.

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    Job-Typ:
    Teilzeit
    Gehalt notizen: scouting fee will be varied according to the match level
    Branche: Sport, Freizeit & Lifestyle

          Client / Centre D'appel   
Client / Centre D'appel - Business Developmemt

I represent CBC CONSULTING, a multi channel and multilingual Call center that was Created in 2015 to meet the expectations of companies who wanting to outsource all or part of their customer relationship management. CBC Consulting is the only call center in the island of Djerba with a capacity of almost 50 positions. We are located in a business park with several startups in the digital field and also equipped with fiber optic and very high internet speed 20 Mega.
At CBC Consulting we are experts in the customer relations outsourcing, both in outbound and inbound calls and we provide you with various services such as scheduling appointments, help desk, telesales, file qualification, projects detection, telemarketing training, position property rental, the measure of customer satisfaction. 

    Job-Typ:
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    Branche: Telekommunikation

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          Fire it up with CJ!: Dr. Tugrul Keskin a Muslim American's perspective, on what is happening in the Middle East.   
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          The Age of Reinvention - Karine Tuil (2013, 2015 English translation)   







With the publication of The Age of Reinvention French author Karine Tuil has added to the vast pile of literature that has been directly influenced by 911 and the West’s endless war on terror. The attack on the twin towers, the wars and the terrorism that have followed have had such a profound impact on culture that perhaps it is finally time to view this period as being apart from the Post-Modern era that developed since WWII. Coupled with the absolute reach of the World Wide Web and a myriad of other technological innovations surely cultural theorists can be inspired to come up with something, or are the stylistic tropes of Post Modernism really the last word in examining the current predicaments humanity finds itself in? (actually, the way forward lies in science fiction, but that’s just my opinion...) The Age of Reinvention does not offer anything new stylistically, but it does, depending on what you want from a novel, offer a relatively compelling exploration of human identity within the context of the current cultural and political climate.

At the centre of The Age of Reinvention is a love triangle between three university friends: Nina, the downtrodden goddess, the complex and brooding Samuel Baron and the French -Tunisian charmer Samir Tahar. The bulk of the narrative takes place twenty years after Nina and Samir have had an inevitable affair, which was subsequently curtailed by Samuel, who then proceeded to bind Nina to him with the worst kind of emotional blackmail. After twenty years Samuel is a failed novelist and Nina is a fashion catalogue model. In contrast Samir is now a successful lawyer living in New York and is married to the daughter of one of the richest Jews in the USA. The crucial plot device is that Samir has stolen Samuel’s life backstory, remodelling himself as a Sephardic Jew and in the process has disowned his mother and his much younger half-brother, who are both still living in poverty in the ethnic slums of Paris. When Samuel and Nina discover Tamir’s subterfuge (via the internet, of course...) they are drawn back into his life, with huge consequences for all concerned.
 

In an interview from last year Tuil states that “...there are novels which exist to entertain and novels which exist to ‘disturb’...” The Age of Reinvention can certainly be placed in the latter category. The curious thing about the novel is that its strengths are also its weaknesses, depending on the readers’ perspective. Tuil’s narrative style is intense and much of the action takes place in the present tense, which gives the novel an edginess that successfully conveys the desperation inherent in the protagonists' lives. Tuil delivers some fantastic lines, particularly in the first third of the novel, with some sentences covering almost half a page. These stylistic attributes drew me into the novel’s world and I felt a compulsion to read on to find out what would happen, but by the middle of the narrative Tuil’s style grew wearisome and I began to find certain aspects of the novel, such as the dialogue, to be jarring and melodramatic. Despite these flaws my enthusiasm remained undiminished; however other readers may find Tuil’s style to be overwrought and heavy-handed. There are also some quirks, such as footnotes that are used frequently to elaborate briefly on a minor character’s background, a technique I personally enjoyed, but others may find irritating. The wild swings in the fortunes of the protagonists may seem unrealistic and characterizations cliched and shallow, in particular that of Nina, who could be seen as a mere cipher for the submissive kept female, although, like the male protagonists, she does find a way to reinvent herself late in the novel.

The Age of Reinvention is a political novel, but is ultimately focused on the politics of the self rather than that of nations and the war on terror. The demands placed on an individual’s identity, ethnicity, sex and status by the forces of culture and history are Tuil’s chief obsessions here. Although the novel’s overall tone is bleak, in the end Tuil offers a glimmer of hope that the individual can ultimately be the master of their own destiny. The novel resonated with me, despite its flaws, and it provided an appropriate counterpoint to Michel Houellebeque’s controversial novel Submission (2015). I’m certain that The Age of Reinvention will not be the last word on this era’s discontents, but will it be remembered as one of its defining texts? We’ll see...

          ANIMAL CROSSING GONE WRONG | Animal Village (ENDING)   

This game have some dark secrets.

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          Sambo Animal Star King Six SuperStarHero Lion Dragon Eagle Bear Shark Horse Transformation   

Sambo Animal Star King Six SuperStarHero Lion Dragon Eagle Bear Shark Horse Transformation
삼보 애니멀 스타 킹 사자 드래곤 독수리 곰 상어 5단합체 말 켄타우로스 동물 합체변신 장난감 동영상
★ 토이스페이스 채널 구독(SUBSCRIBE)
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★ 좋아요 꾸욱 눌러주시고 구독해주세요~

안녕하세요~~ 구독자 여러분 토이스페이스 입니다.

토이스페이스 채널에서는 상상이 현실로 이루어지는 장난감 애니메이션을 보여드립니다.

Enjoy video & SUBCRIBE, thanks

구독하셔서 보시면 더욱 재미있는 영상을 보실 수 있습니다.
매일 오후에 업로드 됩니다.


★[토이스페이스 장난감 재생목록]
toyspace more toy videos list

☆야외촬영 실사 동영상(Outdoor Shooting Movies) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7Ej2RozL3v-DJxoSOhoMdTq
☆헬로 카봇 Hello CarBot Car Toy Transformer https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7Fda1PUkpLHed6ezf9TZiU1
☆미니특공대 특공트랜스 - Mini Force - https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7HlpAK0LiDG_OjcXtQsmE3T
☆또봇 Tobot Car Toy Transformer https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7HwltUlOGyg0RF3WpBNJl2j
☆파워레인저 트레인포스(PowerRangers Train Force) https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7G_BRWRNGEjkD5KZLQKeMk-
☆터닝메카드 터닝카 New 드리프트 배틀 게임 Turning Mecard New Drift Battle Game https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7H7HsUsAgw996IMxvqA2YC5
☆YouKai Watch Toy 요괴워치 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7HErz_gG8LQZC75YWDFE5cx
☆PowerRangers DinoForce 파워레인저다이노포스 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7EHNvRzF9x3I6tKputIrKLF
☆Turning Mecard Toy 터닝메카드 https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLREo7LrjnV7EfGwq_iFrRl6RP0tedy3Pi
          Olha o RELOAD Animal!!!   

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          ANIMAL IN SUIT, EPISOD 2. LATEST NOLLYWOOD MOVIE. WATCH, SHARE AND SUBSCRIBE IT'S FREE.   

Don't allow your past to ruin your future...
          ★ DESPICABLE ME 3 Finger Family ★ Minions Daddy Finger Song ★ Animal Sketch Nursery Rhymes ★   

FELONIOUS GRU as DADDY FINGER
LUCY WILDE as MOMMY FINGER
KEVIN THE MINION as BROTHER FINGER
AGNES as SISTER FINGER
MEL THE MINION as BABY FINGER

★ DESPICABLE ME PARODY FINGER FAMILY SONG LYRICS ★

Daddy finger, Father finger, where are you?
Here I am, here I am. How do you do?

Mommy finger, Mother finger, where are you?
Here I am, here I am. How do you do?

Brother finger, Brother finger, where are you?
Here I am, here I am. How do you do?

Sister finger, Sister finger, where are you?
Here I am, here I am. How do you do?

Baby finger, Baby finger, where are you?
Here I am, here I am. How do you do?

Family Fingers, Family Fingers, where are you?
Here we are, Here we are. How do you do?

- - -

★ Check out our other funny nursery rhymes ★

★ MASHA AND THE BEAR Finger Family Nursery Rhyme Song For Kids, Toddlers and Babies ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5j0nbaQmXhs

★ CARS 3 FINGER FAMILY SONG w/ Lightning McQueen & Jackson Storm ★ Disney Daddy Finger Rhyme ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kEbeLIOmHYM

★ SOFIA THE FIRST Finger Family Song ★ Disney SUPERHERO Nursery Rhyme Song For Toddlers and Babies ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FSfbtrlMv7E

★ PAW PATROL Finger Family Nursery Rhyme ★ SUPERHERO Daddy Finger Song For Kids and Baby ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FxfS4BVwgHw

★ MY LITTLE PONY Finger Family Song ★ Spiderman MLP Daddy Finger Nursery Rhyme For Children & Baby ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JMR880f5Lbk

MINIONS PEZ DISPENSER Finger Family ★ Despicable Me 3 Daddy Finger Song Parody ★ Kids Nursery Rhymes
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LauY9mI35EI

★ Superhero SURPRISE EGGS Finger Family Nursery Rhyme Song For Kids, Toddlers and Babies ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2oE4nvNBeA8

★ DISNEY PRINCESSES Finger Family Song ★ Royal Daddy Finger Nursery Rhyme For Toddlers and Babies ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2NIeVxDenzo

★ Spiderman WET BALLOONS Finger Family Compilation ★ 15 Minutes Learn Colours Water Balloon Songs ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dUdhM0gWJHo

SPIDERMAN Police Finger Family Song ★ SUPERHERO Daddy Finger Nursery Rhyme For Kids & Babies
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-UEca4TTYsQ

★ If You Are Happy And You Know It ★ SUPERHERO Nursery Rhyme Song for Kids, Babies & Toddlers ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0i07XD3zNmE

★ Five SuperHero Monkeys Jumping On The Bed Nursery Rhyme ★ Songs For Kids, Babies & Toddlers ★
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DzB7-aI2BHo


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          Pony Sisters Baby Horse Care Animal Horse Hair Salon Maker Up Gameplay Video By TutoTOONS   

Pony Sisters Baby Horse Care - Babysitter Daycare
By TutoTOONS

          A Message From Alberta Premier Rachel Notley About Death, Rape And Animal Mutilation in Canada   

Rachel Notley, the Premier of Alberta is a traitor. Want proof, watch this video where she praises Islam and the millions of animals it slaughters on Eid. The streets of most Islamic nations flow red with blood. Imagine the smell of the blood of all that death, 7 inches deep.

Rachel Notley is another in the long line up of Canadian Traitors selling us out to an Ideology that wants us dead.

She dresses up in the most offensive garb the world has ever known and praises the enemies of mankind while behind the scenes she is stealing the very lives of Albertans away from them.

We used to march Traitors in the country to the gallows, now we give them raises. It's time for 1800's justice, don't you think?

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Kevin J. Johnston
Journalist & Social Commentator
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          BMX - ANIMAL BIKES - MAX GAERTIG 2017   

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Max Gaertig has been holding it down for Animal in Germany for years and it's always sick to see new footage from him. Super tech mixed with burly and some great spot use to top it all off—classic Max Gaertig from start to finish.

https://www.youtube.com/user/AnimalBikes4130

animalbikes.com
          WATCH and STOP LAUGHING IF YOU CAN - Best FUNNY ANIMAL compilation   

Cats are the funniest animals, they just never fail to amuse us and make us laugh! The hardest try not to laugh challenge you can find! Just look how all these cats & kittens play, fail, get along with dogs and other animals, get scared, make funny sounds, get angry,... So ridiculous, funny and cute! What is your favorite clip? :) Hope you like our compilation, please share it and SUBSCRIBE! Watch also our other videos!

The content in this compilation is licensed and used with authorization of the rights holder. If you have any questions about compilation or clip licensing, please contact us: tigerlicensing@gmail.com

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MUSIC USED:
"March of the Spoons, Monkeys Spinning Monkeys" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
Licensed under Creative Commons: By Attribution 3.0
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

#cat #cats #funny #compilation #laugh #challenge
          WHAT IS HAPPENING TO OUR ANIMALS ON EARTH ,MASS ANIMAL DEATH ACROSS THE WORLD!!   

Time is limited, life don't have long time
Let's working hard when you can do
Live for best yourself, your family, your friends and your country
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          Best of FUNNY ANIMALS - Ultimate TRY NOT TO DIE LAUGHING challenge   

These animal videos are so funny you will die laughing! The hardest try not to laugh challenge on YouTube! Just look how all these dogs, puppies, cats, kittens, bears, monkeys goats, ducks,... behave, play, fail, make funny sounds, react to different things,... So ridiculous, funny and cute! What is your favorite clip? :) Hope you like our compilation, please share it and SUBSCRIBE! Watch also our other videos!

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"Hyperfun, Monkeys Spinning Monkeys" Kevin MacLeod (incompetech.com)
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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

---

#pet #animal #cat #dog #funny #compilation #laugh #fun #fail #hilarious #cute #bear #monkey #goat #duck
          MISSIO - Animal (Audio)   

MISSIO's debut album 'Loner' ft. "Middle Fingers", "Bottom of The Deep Blue Sea" and "KDV" ft. SHUG available now:
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          Wildlife Live Stream: Best Attacks Of Wild Animals 2017 - Craziest Animal Fights Caught On Camera   

Wildlife Live Stream: Best Attacks Of Wild Animals 2017 - Craziest Animal Fights Caught On Camera
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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EiWPpRP7V10&list=PLSVoYmR2c5ZRZT-B_I7nzEhmuBwmv4_dU
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          TRY NOT TO LAUGH or GRIN Funny Animal Video Compilation 2017 | Best Pet Vines June 2017   

Dumb Genius (we used to be The Best Vines!) Try Not To Laugh Or Grin at these funny cute animals & pets vine and instagram Compilation

For more Try Not To Laugh Animal Challenge check out this video! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_cvU5mjAiL4

Check out more Try Not To Laugh Compilations ►
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYnOVIJqDAU&list=PLnEgJF0UIKFCDEghXhiwlzf0bySirr9dI

Check out more Beyond The Vine Compilations ► https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g75iIHsD6TE&index=1&list=PLnEgJF0UIKFAIbPBW1D891BaCE5xZyiS2

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          Animal Field Trip!   

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On this episode of Coyote’s Backyard, the team explores the Holden Arboretum as they follow the map to its many lakes and ponds in search of all kinds of interesting creatures. Moving up the food chain from tadpoles to snapping turtles, Coyote manages to catch them alongside members of the Coyote Pack who have traveled from all over the Untied States. Yes that’s right, today Coyote is bringing members of the Coyote Pack with him!

Get ready for the greatest Animal Field Trip ever!


HUGE thanks to Holden’s Arboretum in Kirtland OH and all their wonderful staff for making this video possible. We can’t wait until our next visit! For more information on Holden’s Arboretum please visit their website - http://bit.ly/holdensarb

On Coyote’s Backyard we’re sticking to the trail because animal expert Coyote Peterson wants to show you all of the cool creatures that live just outside of your house, or in your local parks nearby. Sometimes the opportunity to connect with nature is a lot closer than you think!

If you or your family want to be featured on an episode episode of Coyote’s Backyard please let us know what amazing animals live around you in the comments section or by emailing contact@coyotepeterson.com.

The Brave Wilderness Channel is your one stop connection to a wild world of adventure and amazing up close animal encounters!

Follow along with adventurer and animal expert Coyote Peterson and his crew as they lead you on three exciting expedition series - Emmy Award Winning Breaking Trail, Beyond the Tide, Dragon Tails and Coyote’s Backyard - featuring everything from Grizzly Bears and Crocodiles to Rattlesnakes and Tarantulas…each episode offers an opportunity to learn something new!

So SUBSCRIBE NOW and join the adventure that brings you closer to the most beloved, bizarre and misunderstood creatures known to man!

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          Live: The Best Attacks Of Wild Animals 2017 - Craziest Animal Fights Caught On Camera   

Live: The Best Attacks Of Wild Animals 2017 - Craziest Animal Fights Caught On Camera
          విక్స్ వాపోరుబ్ తో ఆశ్చర్యం కలిగించే లాభాలు || Vicks Vaporub || Telugu Health Tips || Mana Health   

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          Senate Republicans Delay Health Care Vote, Rosé Ice Pops - Monologue   

Seth Meyers' monologue from Tuesday, June 27.
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Senate Republicans Delay Health Care Vote, Rosé Ice Pops - Monologue
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          30 വയസ്സ് കഴിഞ്ഞാൽ ഇവയൊക്കെ ശ്രദ്ധിച്ചില്ലെങ്കിൽ | Health Tips Malayalam |   

Are You 30 ? Then Be Careful | Health Tips Malayalam | 30 വയസാകുമ്പോള്‍ തന്നെ ഇന്നത്തെ സ്ത്രീകളുടെ അവസ്ഥ വളരെ ഗുരുതരമാണ്. ആരോഗ്യപരമായ കുറെ പ്രശ്നങ്ങള്‍ പിന്നീടങ്ങോട്ട് അവര്‍ നേരിടുന്നു. എന്നാല്‍ ഒരു കാര്യമറിഞ്ഞോളൂ... അവരുടെ ആരോഗ്യത്തിന് വേണ്ടി ഈ കാര്യങ്ങള്‍ ചെയ്യാന്‍ തയ്യാറായാല്‍ ഇനി മുതലെങ്കിലും നിങ്ങളുടെ ആരോഗ്യം സുരക്ഷിതക്കാം.
          Elizabeth Warren SHAMES Republicans' "Trash" Health Care Bill   

Elizabeth Warren calls on Senate Republicans to trash their "cruel, terrible" health care bill designed to cut Americans health coverage in favor of tax cuts for the rich.

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Egypt Foreign Minister Meets With African Counterparts on Sidelines of AU Preparatory Meetings
Ahram Online
Friday 30 Jun 2017

Egypt's foreign minister Sameh Shoukry met on Friday with his counterparts from Morocco, Nigeria, and Algeriaon the sidelines of the preparatory meetings for the annual African Union summit set to be held in the Ethiopian capital Addis Ababa on 3-4 July.

Shoukry congratulated Moroccan FM Nasser Bourita for his country's renewed membership in the African Union, stressing that Egypt is keen on coordinating with Morocco on regional issues of common interest, according to Egyptian foreign ministry spokesperson Ahmed Abo Zeid.

Bourita expressed his country's interest in consolidating bilateral relations with Egypt on all levels, as well as arranging a visit by the Moroccan king to Egypt to discuss cooperation in fields including agriculture and renewable energy, as well as cooperation in accordance with the Aghadir agreement.

The Aghadir agreement, a free trade deal between Egypt, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia, was signed in the Moroccan city of Rabat in 2004 andwent into force in 2007.

Shoukry and Bourita also discussed the Libyan civil conflict as well as ways to develop multilateral African relations.

Shoukry also met with Algerian foreign minister Adel-Kader Mesahel, where they discussed the outcomes of the latest Nile Basin summit held earlier this month in Uganda.

The Algerian and the Egyptian ministers also discussed cooperation within the framework of the African Union, such as the initiative for the structural reform of the AU, as well as the Libyan civil conflict and the cutting of ties between Qatar and several Arab countries.

Shoukry also met with Nigerian foreign minister Geoffrey Onyeama, saying he looks forward to his visit to Nigeria in August to develop bilateral relations, especially in combating terrorism.

The Egyptian and Nigerian ministers also discussed the topics on the African Union's meeting agenda, such as supporting peacekeeping forces on the African continent, with Oneama stressing the importance of having mechanisms of consultation among African countries.

The 29th African Union Heads of State Summit will be held under the slogan “Harnessing the Demographic Dividend through Investments in Youth,” with member nations sharing their experiences in empowering young people and preparing them for the future, according to the Egyptian foreign ministry.

The headquarters of the African Union is located in Addis Ababa.

http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/271803.aspx

          Parthenon closed !   
Η Ακρόπολη....
και οι αρχαιολογικοί χώροι...
<< Θα είναι κλειστοί,λόγω ακραίου καύσωνα >>....
Ενώ την ιδια ώρα.....
Σε Αίγυπτο, Ινδία, Τυνησία, Ιορδανία, και όπου αλλού υπάρχουν αρχαιολογικοί χώροι, κοντύτερα στον Ισημερινό....
Ειναι Ολάνοικτοι !

SDXZV
01.VII.2017

#Parthenon
#Acropolis
#Tourism
#archaeology
#SDXZV
#closed
#Egyptian
#India
#Tunisia
#Jordanian

          Baklava, un dolce sontuoso e di una bontà incredibile   
Baklava un dolce fantasticoBaklava: dalla Turchia un dessert ricco, sostanzioso ma soprattutto delizioso. La baklava è un dolce golosissimo. Nasce in Turchia, ma si è diffuso, a volte con delle varianti, in molte altre aree geografiche come i Balcani, Israele, Iran e Tunisia. Si ritiene che sia stato creato nel periodo ottomano a Istanbul, all’interno del palazzo imperiale […]
          Italia Mia   

Oggi l’Italia, nel consesso internazionale, è una nazione di serie B, che «conserva ancora qualche affinità col Marocco o con la Tunisia», dichiara malinconicamente Piero Ottone. Ma chi siamo, oggi, noi italiani? E come siamo cambiati quasi cinquant’anni dopo il libro di Luigi Barzini – Gli italiani, appunto – al quale questo idealmente si richiama?

A tali domande, che ne sottendono molte altre, Ottone risponde anche attingendo a una lunga esperienza di vita, di cui affiorano ricordi professionali, incontri e amicizie, dalla giovinezza vissuta durante il fascismo – del quale dà un giudizio equanime, quasi provocatorio – fino a oggi.

L’autore traccia un profilo per quanto possibile oggettivo, ma non per questo meno partecipe, del pianeta Italia. Dove non mancano le persone di valore, ma non c’è a livello nazionale – non c’è mai stata – una classe dirigente paragonabile a quella dei grandi paesi occidentali.

Il livello, da noi, è quello che è. Esistono alcune enclaves di buona tradizione, di prestigio, ma un paese, per crescere, deve imparare la serietà, la prudenza, il rigore etico. Questo non è disfattismo o autodenigrazione, ma sano realismo, utile a evitare errori e illusioni.


           Rebel Force Radio: June 30, 2017   

We listen to the first public comments from Ron Howard and Bob Iger in the wake of the big Han Solo director shakeup and continue to break down the latest stories coming from the production. We return to Tatooine with Dr. David West Reynolds, the first Star Wars archaeologist. Dr. Reynolds tells us stories about his rediscovering of the original shooting locations in Tunisia and how you can see his upcoming documentary “Return To Tataouine”. We review the fresh new trailer for the upcoming STAR WARS: FORCES OF DESTINY animated micro-series. And we feature George Lucas vs The Autograph Hounds in our “Outrageous Unthinkable Story of the Week”.


          «La salma di Amri lascia l’obitorio»: il corpo del terrorista verso la Tunisia    
L’assessora regionale Beccalossi: «Finalmente dopo oltre sei mesi il corpo del terrorista della strage di Berlino, ha lasciato l’obitorio di Milano. Ora dobbiamo vigilare affinché né lo Stato italiano né i Comuni di Milano e Sesto San Giovanni paghino le spese»
          Who Killed theTunisian singer Thekra?   

Who dare to Say مين يجرا يقول

Her Last Song Tells

Singer killed because she made a song against Saudi Arabia kingdom and the political system in KSA

Thikra’s family accuses Jamal Mubarak of her murder

Family of the late Tunisian singer Thikra has exploded a bomb stating that they possess solid evidence proving that Jamal Mubarak, son of ousted Egyptian President Husni Mubarak, is involved in her murder.
Tawfiq Al Dali, Thikra’s brother, has made a call out to all those that have any information about Thikra’s murder to come forward. Forensic reports have shown that Ayman Al Suwaidi, Thikra’s husband and who is accused of killing her while being intoxicated, suffers from stomach problems and therefore was not drunk during the time the murder happened.
Thikra’s family doubts her husband shot her and then committed suicide, but rather strongly believes Jamal Mubarak had a strong hand in the murder of both. The family assured that it holds vital evidence that the former overthrown Tunisian and Egyptian governments fabricated evidence and placed the blame on her husband.
It is said that there was a relationship between Thikra and Jamal. Thikra’s family has called on all members of the press and lawyers from Tunisia and Egypt to help in uncovering all the fact. In addition, Thikra’s family has released phone numbers, emails, and created a page on the social network Facebook for people with information to contact them.
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River to Sea Uprooted Palestinian   
The views expressed in this article are the sole responsibility of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of the Blog!

          ONLINE INTERNET POLICE   
Internet police is a generic term for police and secret police departments and other organizations in charge of policing Internet in a number of countries. The major purposes of Internet police, depending on the state, are fighting cybercrime, as well as censorship, propaganda, and monitoring and manipulating the online public opinion.

It has been reported that in 2005, departments of provincial and municipal governments in mainland China began creating teams of Internet commentators from propaganda and police departments and offering them classes in Marxism, propaganda techniques, and the Internet. They are reported to guide discussion on public bulletin boards away from politically sensitive topics by posting opinions anonymously or under false names. "They are actually hiring staff to curse online", said Liu Di, a Chinese student who was arrested for posting her comments in blogs.
Chinese Internet police also erase anti-Communist comments and posts pro-government messages. Chinese Communist Party leader Hu Jintao has declared the party's intent to strengthen administration of the online environment and maintain the initiative in online opinion.

The Computer Emergency Response Team of Estonia (CERT Estonia), established in 2006, is an organisation responsible for the management of security incidents in .ee computer networks. Its task is to assist Estonian Internet users in the implementation of preventive measures in order to reduce possible damage from security incidents and to help them in responding to security threats. CERT Estonia deals with security incidents that occur in Estonian networks, are started there, or have been notified of by citizens or institutions either in Estonia or abroad.
Cyber Crime Investigation Cell is a wing of Mumbai Police, India, to deal with Cyber crimes, and to enforce provisions of India's Information Technology Law, namely, Information Technology Act 2000, and various cyber crime related provisions of criminal laws, including the Indian Penal Code. Cyber Crime Investigation Cell is a part of Crime Branch, Criminal Investigation Department of the Mumbai Police.
Andhra Pradesh Cyber Crime Investigation Cell is a wing of Hyderabad Police, India, to deal with Cyber crimes.

Dutch police were reported to have set up an Internet Brigade to fight cybercrime. It will be allowed to infiltrate Internet newsgroups and discussion forums for intelligence gathering, to make pseudo-purchase and to provide services
After the 2006 coup in Thailand, the Thai police has been active in monitoring and silencing dissidents online. Censorship of the Internet is carried out by the Ministry of Information and Communications Technology of Thailand and the Royal Thai Police, in collaboration with the Communications Authority of Thailand and the Telecommunication Authority of Thailand.

The Internet Watch Foundation (IWF) is the only recognised organisation in the United Kingdom operating an Internet ‘Hotline’ for the public and IT professionals to report their exposure to potentially illegal content online. It works in partnership with the police, Government, the public, Internet service providers and the wider online industry.

The Internet Crime Complaint Center, also known as IC3, is a multi-agency task force made up by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the National White Collar Crime Center (NW3C), and the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA).

IC3's purpose is to serve as a central hub to receive, develop, and refer criminal complaints regarding the rapidly expanding occurrences of cyber-crime. The IC3 gives the victims of cybercrime a convenient and easy-to-use reporting mechanism that alerts authorities of suspected criminal or civil violations on the internet. IC3 develops leads and notifies law enforcement and regulatory agencies at the federal, state, local and international level, IC3 act as a central referral mechanism for complaints involving Internet related crimes.

Criminal threatening is the crime of intentionally or knowingly putting another person in fear of imminent bodily injury.

There is no legal definition in English law as to what constitutes criminal threatening behaviour, so it is up to the courts to decide on a case by case basis. However, if somebody threatens violence against somebody, then this may be a criminal offence. In most countries it is only an offence if it can be proven the person had the intention and equipment to carry out the threat. However if the threat involves the mention of a bomb it is automatically a crime.
In most U.S. jurisdictions, the crime remains a misdemeanor unless a deadly weapon is involved or actual violence is committed, in which case it is usually considered a felony.

Criminal threatening can be the result of verbal threats of violence, physical conduct (such as hand gestures or raised fists), actual physical contact, or even simply the placing of an object or graffiti on the property of another person with the purpose of coercing or terrorizing.

Criminal threatening is also defined by arson, vandalism, the delivery of noxious biological or chemical substances (or any substance that appears to be a toxic substance), or any other crime against the property of another person with the purpose of coercing or terrorizing any person in reckless disregard for causing fear, terror or inconvenience.

"Terrorizing" generally means to cause alarm, fright, or dread in another person or inducing apprehension of violence from a hostile or threatening event, person or object.

Crimint is a database run by the Metropolitan Police Service of Greater London which stores information on criminals, suspected criminals and protestors. It was created in 1994 and supplied by Memex Technology Limited. It supports the recording and searching of items of intelligence by both police officers and back office staff. As of 2005 it contained seven million information reports and 250,000 intelligence records. The database makes it much easier for police officers to find information on people, as one officer who used the system stated in 1996:

"With Crimint we are in a new world. I was recently asked if I knew something about a certain car. In the old days I would have had to hunt through my cards. I would probably have said, 'Yes, I do, but . . . '. With Crimint I was able to answer the question in about fifteen seconds. And with Crimint things just don't go missing.
People are able to request their information from the database under data protection laws. Requests have shown that the database holds large amounts of information on protesters who have not committed any crimes. Information is stored for at least seven years. Holding information on people who have never committed any offence may be against people's human rights. A police officer, Amerdeep Johal, used the database to contact sex offenders and threatened to disclose information about them from the database unless they paid him thousands of pounds.

Along with development of the Internet, state authorities in many parts of the world are moving forward to install mass surveillance of the electronic communications, establish Internet censorship to limit the flow of information, and persecute individuals and groups who express “inconvenient” political views in the Internet. Many cyber-dissidents have found themselves persecuted for attempts to bypass state controlled news media. Reporters Without Borders has released a Handbook For Bloggers and Cyber-Dissidents and maintains a roster of currently imprisoned cyber-dissidents

Chinese Communist Party leader Hu Jintao ordered to "maintain the initiative in opinion on the Internet and raise the level of guidance online, An internet police force - reportedly numbering 30,000 - trawls websites and chat rooms, erasing anti-Communist comments and posting pro-government messages." However, the number of Internet police personnel was challenged by Chinese authorities Amnesty International blamed several companies, including Google, Microsoft and Yahoo!, of collusion with the Chinese authorities to restrict access to information over the Internet and identify cyber-dissidents by hiring "big mamas" .
It was reported that departments of provincial and municipal governments in mainland China began creating "teams of internet commentators, whose job is to guide discussion on public bulletin boards away from politically sensitive topics by posting opinions anonymously or under false names" in 2005 Applicants for the job were drawn mostly from the propaganda and police departments. Successful candidates have been offered classes in Marxism, propaganda techniques, and the Internet. "They are actually hiring staff to curse online," said Liu Di, a Chinese student who was arrested for posting her comments in blogs

Internet censorship is control or suppression of the publishing or accessing of information on the Internet. The legal issues are similar to offline censorship.
One difference is that national borders are more permeable online: residents of a country that bans certain information can find it on websites hosted outside the country. A government can try to prevent its citizens from viewing these even if it has no control over the websites themselves. Filtering can be based on a blacklist or be dynamic. In the case of a blacklist, that list is usually not published. The list may be produced manually or automatically.

Barring total control over Internet-connected computers, such as in North Korea, total censorship of information on the Internet is very difficult (or impossible) to achieve due to the underlying distributed technology of the Internet. Pseudonymity and data havens (such as Freenet) allow unconditional free speech, as the technology guarantees that material cannot be removed and the author of any information is impossible to link to a physical identity or organization.

In some cases, Internet censorship may involve deceit. In such cases the censoring authority may block content while leading the public to believe that censorship has not been applied. This may be done by having the ISP provide a fake "Not Found" error message upon the request of an Internet page that is actually found but blocked (see 404 error for details).

In November 2007, "Father of the Internet" Vint Cerf stated that he sees Government-led control of the Internet failing due to private ownership. Many internet experts use the term "splinternet" to describe some of the effects of national firewalls.

Some commonly used methods for censoring content are:

IP blocking. Access to a certain IP address is denied. If the target Web site is hosted in a shared hosting server, all websites on the same server will be blocked. This affects IP-based protocols such as HTTP, FTP and POP. A typical circumvention method is to find proxies that have access to the target websites, but proxies may be jammed or blocked, and some Web sites, such as Wikipedia (when editing), also block proxies. Some large websites like Google have allocated additional IP addresses to circumvent the block, but later the block was extended to cover the new IPs.

DNS filtering and redirection. Don't resolve domain names, or return incorrect IP addresses. This affects all IP-based protocols such as HTTP, FTP and POP. A typical circumvention method is to find a domain name server that resolves domain names correctly, but domain name servers are subject to blockage as well, especially IP blocking. Another workaround is to bypass DNS if the IP address is obtainable from other sources and is not blocked. Examples are modifying the Hosts file or typing the IP address instead of the domain name in a Web browser.

Uniform Resource Locator (URL) filtering. Scan the requested URL string for target keywords regardless of the domain name specified in the URL. This affects the HTTP protocol. Typical circumvention methods are to use escaped characters in the URL, or to use encrypted protocols such as VPN and TLS/SSL.

Packet filtering. Terminate TCP packet transmissions when a certain number of controversial keywords are detected. This affects all TCP-based protocols such as HTTP, FTP and POP, but Search engine results pages are more likely to be censored. Typical circumvention methods are to use encrypted connections - such as VPN and TLS/SSL - to escape the HTML content, or by reducing the TCP/IP stack's MTU/MSS to reduce the amount of text contained in a given packet.

Connection reset. If a previous TCP connection is blocked by the filter, future connection attempts from both sides will also be blocked for up to 30 minutes. Depending on the location of the block, other users or websites may also be blocked if the communication is routed to the location of the block. A circumvention method is to ignore the reset packet sent by the firewall.

Reverse surveillance. Computers accessing certain websites including Google are automatically exposed to reverse scanning from the ISP in an apparent attempt to extract further information from the "offending" system.

One of the most popular filtering software programmes is SmartFilter, owned by Secure Computing in California, which has recently been bought by McAfee. SmartFilter has been used by Tunisia, Saudi Arabia and Sudan, as well as in the US and the UK.

There are a number of resources that allow users to bypass the technical aspects of Internet censorship. Each solution has differing ease of use, speed, and security from other options. Most, however, rely on gaining access to an internet connection that is not subject to filtering, often in a different jurisdiction not subject to the same censorship laws. This is an inherent problem in internet censorship in that so long as there is one publicly accessible system in the world without censorship, it will still be possible to have access to censored material.

Proxy websites are often the simplest and fastest way to access banned websites in censored nations. Such websites work by being themselves un-banned but capable of displaying banned material within them. This is usually accomplished by entering a URL address which the proxy website will fetch and display. They recommend using the https protocol since it is encrypted and harder to block.

Java Anon Proxy is primarily a strong, free and open source anonymizer software available for all operating systems. As of 2004, it also includes a blocking resistance functionality that allows users to circumvent the blocking of the underlying anonymity service AN.ON by accessing it via other users of the software (forwarding client).

The addresses of JAP users that provide a forwarding server can be retrieved by getting contact to AN.ON's InfoService network, either automatically or, if this network is blocked, too, by writing an e-mail to one of these InfoServices. The JAP software automatically decrypts the answer after the user completes a CAPTCHA. The developers are currently planning to integrate additional and even stronger blocking resistance functions.

Using Virtual Private Networks, a user who experiences internet censorship can create a secure connection to a more permissive country, and browse the internet as if they were situated in that country. Some services are offered for a monthly fee, others are ad-supported.

Psiphon software allows users in nations with censored Internet such as China to access banned websites like Wikipedia. The service requires that the software be installed on a computer with uncensored access to the Internet so that the computer can act as a proxy for users in censored environments

In 1996, the United States enacted the Communications Decency Act, which severely restricted online speech that could potentially be seen by a minor – which, it was argued, was most of online speech. Free speech advocates, however, managed to have most of the act overturned by the courts. The Digital Millennium Copyright Act criminalizes the discussion and dissemination of technology that could be used to circumvent copyright protection mechanisms, and makes it easier to act against alleged copyright infringement on the Internet. Many school districts in the United States frequently censor material deemed inappropriate for the school setting. In 2000, the U.S. Congress passed the Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA) which requires schools and public libraries receiving federal funding to install internet filters or blocking software.[104] Congress is also considering legislation to require schools, some businesses and libraries to block access to social networking websites, The Deleting Online Predators Act. Opponents of Internet censorship argue that the free speech provisions of the First Amendment bars the government from any law or regulation that censors the Internet.

A 4 January 2007 restraining order issued by U.S. District Court Judge Jack B. Weinstein forbade a large number of activists in the psychiatric survivors movement from posting links on their websites to ostensibly leaked documents which purportedly show that Eli Lilly and Company intentionally withheld information as to the lethal side-effects of Zyprexa. The Electronic Frontier Foundation appealed this as prior restraint on the right to link to and post documents, saying that citizen-journalists should have the same First Amendment rights as major media outlets. It was later held that the judgment was unenforcable, though First Amendment claims were rejected.

In January 2010, a lawsuit was filed against an online forum, Scubaboard.com, by a Maldives diving charter company (see scubaboard lawsuit). The owner of the company claimed $10 million in damages caused by users of scubaboard, scubaboard.com, and the owner of scubaboard.com. Individual forum members were named in the lawsuit as "employees" of the forum, despite their identity being anonymous except for their IP address to the moderators and owners of scubaboard.com. This lawsuit demonstrates the vulnerability of internet websites and internet forums to local and regional lawsuits for libel and damages.
          IGDA executive director Kate Edwards steps down   
Kate Edwards

The International Game Developers Association's executive director Kate Edwards is stepping down after almost five years in the post. In the mean time, chair of the board of directors and Beamdog CEO Trent Oster will serve as an interim executive director until a replacement is found.

During Edwards' five year tenure, the IGDA has expanded into a number of new regions, including Bangladesh, Egypt, Estonia, Georgia and Tunisia, and Edwards has signed more than 300 peer advisory letters of recommendation for game developers trying to get work visas in the US. 

She's also been a key figure on social issues in the games industry, and was one of the first to speak out against GamerGate and the practice of 'crunch time'. 

Trent Oster commented: “Kate has been an important industry leader for the IGDA in this role, doing heroic work as an advocate for developers of all backgrounds. Her accomplishments have carried the IGDA through tough times and helped countless developers on their journeys. We look forward to seeing what Kate accomplishes in what is certain to continue to be a bright career.”

Edwards added: "It’s been a great honor to help game developers from all walks of life, all over the world, succeed in our industry,” says Edwards. “I want to thank the IGDA board, staff and all its members whose advocacy has made a difference for our community, and I look forward to following the association’s continued success.”


          Il meglio di [un anno o poco più - e figuratevi cosa poteva essere il peggio - ]La Stefy   

{sottotitolo: una forchettata di ca**i miei}

- si allena alla sopravvivenza svedese, ad esmpio oggi -8... ma a Bologna!
- domani prenota per la Tunisia
- cerca di risolvere l'equazione "se lui mangia e lei non magia, lei ingrassa"
- forse (ma solo forse) si alza dal letto
- alla fine si è alzata :) e forse ora si veste pure. E forse esce. Forse.
- da domani a fine marzo prenderà 12 aerei
- dopo 25 giorni di vacanze domani torna a lavoro... sigh...
- oggi lavora. Eh già..
- è tornata a casa, e forse ha anche la febbre. L'aveva detto che lavorare fa male...
- è collassata sul divano
- ha firmato. A TEMPO INDETERMINATO. Indeterminato, suona come una minaccia...
- ستيفانيا تتطلع الى البدء
- cerca la sua dimensione spazio-temporale per oggi
- indecisa tra letto e divano
- ha male all'appendicite. Anche se non ce l'ha più da 16 anni....
- vs Knowledge Management
- c'è solo per Coliandro :))))
- ha scoperto perchè ieri notte c'erano in giro mezzi spargisale in azione... oggi nevica (-.-)
- njè la fa cchiù
- ha deciso che sabato se ne va a Barcellona
- è tornata da Barcellona e sta nuovamente prendendo confidenza con l'inverno
- è ubriaca....
- ama follemente Mr. Ghirlanda
- cambia idea ogni 10 secondi. Stasera mangia sushi
- sclera in un normalissimo giovedì pomeriggio
- ha finito l'Anitra PC e non può pulire il computer (-5. E non è la temperatura esterna)
- accusa la vecchiaia; è colpa sua se le scricchiola il ginocchio
- ha deciso che comprerà casa a Praga
- è a Praga
- ha appena disfatto la valigia ed è pronta a prepararne subito un'altra
- ha iniziato l’ennesimo conto alla rovessssia
- si prepara, con molto anticipo, a RI-affrontare il muezzin.... [-2]
- ignora ripetutamente tutte le richieste. Nessuna esclusa.
- è ritornata in Italia da solo 4 ore e ha già il Mal d'Africa.....
- pensa che ignorerà a vita tutte le notifiche
- si chiede "perchè parlare di se stessi in terza persona?"... Mah....
- ultimamente è un pò disorientata...
- c'è ma non c'è... c'è ma non c'è... e nel frattempo si prepara un apple tea (ricordando Istanbul...)
- tem cabeça que não podem ser descritas
- mangia praghese perchè mantenersi allenati non fa mai male!
- forse sarebbe il caso che cominciasse a lavorare..
- a cosa sta pensando?
- giovedì, inizia il WE ^^
- forse (FORSE) riuscirà a sistemare le foto di Stoccolma, Barcellona, Praga, Istanbul e pure quelle della Tunisia. Forse. Appena gliene viene voglia....
- Anche lei vuole andare in Giappone... ma prima deve diventare ricca -_-'
- dovrebbe lavorare. Dovrebbe.
- ora se ne va casa perchè ha lavorato troppo :P
- vuole pure lei l'evaporimetro!
- ha installato IE 8. Che non l'avesse mai fatto -_-'
-  彼女の王子様を待っている
- è stanca di senitr raccontare sempre sempre SEMPRE SEMPRE le stesse storie, cose, racconti, anneddoti, mazzi, cazzi, bombe e trick&track
- e stasera.... champagne!
- arriva il profumo della pasticceria sotto casa (secondo lei, per la precisone, bombe con la crema) e pensa che quasi quasi....
- ha scoperto che se morde una sfogliatella questa fa "Uè Uè, stamm mica a pazzià?!"
- pensa che potrebbe passare a miglior vita (...) oggi sembra che nevichi, pioppi a volontà per tutti... per il suo asma e per i gatti che si lanciano dal balcone per rincorrer nuvolette bianche...
- sta pensando al nulla e questo la impegna a sufficienza
- anche GnùGnù ora ha l'asino che vola ^^
- questo venerdì mattina lavora.... UFFA!!!!!
- Ha deciso di cominciare [e portare a termine] seriamente il corso di Mario Cemento
- vuole un'altra laurea. Olè!
- ha detto che voleva un mc flurry e qualcuno è uscito a comprarlo ^___^
- Per ogni sottaceto che trovo.. ti uccido. È chiaro?
loisdevemorire@stewie.com
- se ne va a casa perchè si annoia e perchè nessuno la amaaaaaaa!!!!
- guarda il mondo da un oblò, si annoia un pò...
- cerca[si] sorella disperatamente... {nel frattempo si chiede perchè OBLO' e non OBBLO'..... Mah....}
- ha vissuto 2 momenti di vero e puro terrore. Uno dopo l'altro. Una vita sul filo del rasoio!!!!!
- pensa che le macchine stiano congiurando a suo sfavore... La stampante le sputa fuori i fogli con disprezzo e arroganza....
- si chiede se le faranno passare entrambe le borse sotto gli occhi come bagaglio a mano...
- trigemino. Per soffrire intensamente 3 volte di più.
- è tornata da Lisbona e tra qualche giorno dovrà preparare la valigia per L'Aquila :(
- está apaixonado por Lisboa, em Portugal e tem um pouco de saudage
- ha la penna che si accende e fa la lucina rossa ^^ La porno-penna!
-f inalmente acqua... non solo vino ^^
- caffè&nachos a colazione
- è perplimuta
- è molto soddisfatta di Vilnius... e anche dei suoi acquisti :))) e sa già che quando tornerà in Italia rimpiangerà questo freddo ed i maglioni di lana....
- se ne va sulla penisola Curlandese a vedere il Sahara dei baltici... Che dopo il Sahara vero ci sta bene :)
- fa fagotto e se ne va a Riga :)
- salmone a colazione. That's good!
- ciao brno :'(
- is goin' to Tallin
- is fallin'in love with Tallinn
- è tornata da Helsinki. Delusa. 
- now in Krakow
- la gatta di pianura che prende la frescura...
- con la valigia sempre pronta. Don't stop me now... ma anche si!
- si sente come la particella di sodio dell'acqua lete..."ballo ballo ballo senza respiro, ballo ballo ballo da capogiro"
- spacca i maroni a quel santo del fidanzato. MITTTICCA!!!
- ha bevuto per l'ennesima volta l'acqua del gatto -_-' 
- a lavoro. Questo sconosciuto.
- E i suoi pensieri sparsi alla rinfusa
- si è appena fracassata il ginocchio contro la cassettiera di ferro della scrivania. Se il buongiorno si vede dal mattino....
- Vinello rosso e banana della columbia... accoppiata vincente... Maracaiboooo!!!!!
- ha stinto le mutande del fidanzato: dopo quelle rosa confetto adesso ci sono quelle rosè (:
- lotta contro una zanzara tigre con l'aiuto di Sandokan. Chissà che lui non riesca a domarla...
- Solo 37,5°C all'ombra. Cosa vuoi che sia?
- guarda la pallamano dopo aver bevuto il vinello tunisino.... Stasera il mondo gira più veloce del solito... mah!
- attende che l'aria condizionata faccia il suo dovere: l'ibernazione.
- non capisce perchè alcune persone fanno tanto per sembrare "uniche" e poi ti copiano pure le mutande....
- a che serve dire "te l'avevo detto"... dopo che l'avevo detto?
- è fuori di se, ma non si è lasciata detto dove andava e ha il cellulare spento :(
- cerca di comprendere perchè nella maggior parte delle foto è con un bicchiere di birra in mano.....
- 2 anni dopo l'incidente cerca di spaccarsi il gomito. Se non ci è riuscito il carabiniere a suo tempo, ci riuscirà oggi il divano
- si augura che il cambio di rotta per l'atterraggio degli aerei sull'areoporto Marconi non comporti necessariamente un atterraggio sul suo balcone...
- ha prosciugato un conto corrente. Ora tocca all'altro...
adesso può affermare di essere povera :)
- nel tragitto casa-cantina cantina-casa ha seriamente corso il rischio di liquefarsi
- se připravuje na velkou večeři czech
- ha un telefonino indigente
- e patente internazionale sia!
- Si chiede se i suoi pantaloni si asciugheranno entro 45 minuti
- non ha preparato la valigia e c'è un aereo che l'aspetta
- il cielo sopra Berlino
- parlando della cucina nordica disse:" Anche gli svedesi il cetriolo lo infilano ovunque!" °____°
- un anno fa Londra, oggi... dentista :( Proprio la stessa cosa...
- l'autostrada è la sua casa ma si è accorta che pagare al casello non alleggerisce le rate del mutuo -_-'
- Le mucche fanno MUUU, La Gnugnu fa gnùgnù!
- dopo due mesi oggi si degna di fare cucù in ufficio... ma scopre che poteva tranquillamente rimanere a dormire....
- si chiede perchè mai dovrebbe sapere com'è fatta la carta da carrozziere....
- si è spezzata la spezzatina .... :(
- sbranata da una tigre travestita da zanzara
- non può cambiare il mondo. Pur avendone le possibilità.
- Profumo d’Africa
- la valigia sul letto è quella di un lungo viaggio ma... Ma Ernesto ha deciso che è la sua nuova cuccia :)))
- è tornata dalla Namibia. Ha freddo e mal d'Africa. Ridatele il bushhhhhh!!!!!!!!!!!!!
- questa mattina ai lati della strada e in mezzo alle campagne cercava con lo sguardo springbok e orici, ma vedeva solo fagiani. Dura la realtà.
- grazie al traffico da fiera questa mattina ci ha messo 60 minuti per fare 28 km!
- in Qatar: " ma come si chiama la moneta locale?" M."Bella domanda, non lo so", S. "I qatarini!" E."qatarini, qataretti... i cazzetti!"
- ha mangiato un lindor e ha vinto un abbonamento alla rivista GRAZIA. Meglio di un calcio sulle gengive :)
- che Dio benedica Calvin Klein
- stamattina si è riaddormentata dopo aver spento e si è svegliata alle 8.36. Inutile dire che è arrivata in ufficio alle 10.15...
- e le sue calze psichedeliche
- E' indecisa se cambiare il titolo del suo album fotografico in L'ONDRA o L'ONDHON...
- oggi non fa che sparare minchiate... una dopo l'altra, con eccezionale disinvoltura!
- stamattina ha beccato 14 semafori TUTTI ROSSI. I primi 6 nei primi 3 Km, altri 5 nei successivi 3,5 km e gli altri 3 nei restanti 21 km. Era convinta di essere su scherzi a parte.
- vuole ricordare al suo caloroso ed affezionato pubblico che un diamante è per sempre. (pregasi prendere nota)
- ha male ai muscoli che non ha
- Ha deciso che seguirà il consiglio di Antonello e Marco, OGGI farà la brava bambina seria. Ed è per questo che al 4° semaforo ha svoltato a destra ed è tornata a casa, nel lettone. Con due gatti ovviamente!!! Buon compleanno a me!!!!
- si allena davanti allo specchio a fare buon viso a cattivo gioco
- perplessata e perplimuta
- il lunedì sta sempre male. Chissà perché.
- cerca di convincere Gatto Ernesto (in alternativa Gatto Desmo) a prendersi la colpa quando il fidanzato tornerà a casa e si accorgerà che le mandorle zuccherate sono finite. Con scarsi risultati.
- è socialmente inutile
- giovedì=livello di tolleranza ZERO. Grazie a Dio domani è venerdi, ma sopratutto tra un'ora me ne vado e ciao ciao a tutti.
- le sono appena cadute le palle per terra. E tra un pò volano i vaffanguru come gli storni a Roma
- ruba i passatelli mentre il fidanzato li prepara :)
- su 6 confezioni di lindor ha vinto 4 abbonamenti che rivenderà sottobanco a prezzo convenientissimo ^^
- mentre era la telefono con la sorella sentiva un "cif&ciaf", si è girata e ha visto i suoi gatti che beatamente si mangiavano la SUA vellutata di zucca direttamente dalla pentola -_-
- e Mon Amour si fanno "2" maccheroni perchè colti da improvvisa fame ( e hanno pure cenato...)
- ha appena focalizzato che oggi non è lunedi. Ogni tanto una buona notizia :)
- e le craniate contro il muro
- butta 3 mozzarelle scadute. Anzi no, le regala.
- Affitta sogni di II mano. Astenersi perditempo.
- è in riserva e non ha mai imparato a fare benzina da sola :(
- ha fatto shopping senza spendere un euro
- e il fidanzato hanno ri-arredato bagno e camera da letto.... minchia che fatica!
- stamattina ha ritrovato 100 euri nel piumino che aveva riposto l'anno scorso. Se il buongiorno si vede dal mattino a fine serata dovrebbe avere 1000 euro in più sul suo conto corrente?
- È dislessica
- ha lasciato in ufficio (o forse perso) la memory da 16giga... brava brava...
- si accinge con questi -11°C che tendono ad un "lieve peggioramento"... Buongiorno da Vienna ^^
- ha aiutato la circolazione, ovvero ha ripulito 25 dei 50 metri di vialetto prendendo a calci il lastrone di giaccio alto 10 cm. Con la sola forza dei piedi :)
- sono andate in onda tre pubblicità: una diche "la patatina che tira", l'altra "tra ciuffi di prezzemolo sei nata tu, patatà patatì" e l'ultima "più la patata è buona più si diventa intelligenti". Sono io che non capisco qualche significato sott'inteso o le pubblicità sono ideate da una manica di deficenti?
- нα ∂є¢ιѕσ ¢нє αffяσитєяα' qυєѕтα иσισѕιѕѕιмα иєввια. мα ѕσℓσ тяα υи ρσ'
- ha scoperto, grazie a Trivial Pursuit, di essere profondamente ignorante. Sigh!
- è fermamente convinta nell'affrontare TUTTE le perturbazioni siberiane dell'anno
- pondera seriamente l'eventualità di costruire un igloo sul balcone.
- indecisa tra buda o pest, ma dopo 14 anni tutto potrebbe andare bene...
- mangia carbone e pensa che in fondo sua sorella aveva ragione... si l'Europa è finita U.U
- cerca soluzioni per ampliare i propri orizzonti; ovvero: come convincere il vicino a venderle il suo appartamento.
- Legge le direttive e verrà diretta dritta dritta nella diretta direzione
- benedice la privacy di flickr; ovvero chi c'è c'è, chi non c'è.... muahahah!
- oggi, dopo 32 anni di stretta convivenza, ha detto addio al suo canino da latte. Lutto.
- riflette sul fatto che le ultime volte che ha visto il sole o era in Namibia, o era a Vienna (nonostante i -30°C e la neve) o a Budapest (nonostante i -9°C). E allora perchè cavolo Gérard Depardieu si ostina a cantare che "chist'è 'o Paes do sole!"???
- is fall in love with Synflex (tossic girl)
- cerca di capire se il sapore di vernice dei pop-corn light e quello di saponetta dei pop-corn normali sia dovuto alle sostanze chimiche ingerite o al mais geneticamente modificato...
- ho sgridato uno scoiattolo in ascensore perchè Topo Gigio mi ha detto di farlo ed è lui che comanda
- ha 10 punti. Ma non su un cartellone.
- convalesce* a letto con Ernesto che le scalda i piedi [*è in convalescenza]
- ha fame. E adesso?
- Ascolta Ernesto che chiacchiera coi fiocchi di neve
- chi c'è, c'è. Chi non c'è... beh, ci sarà un motivo ;)
- è stata RI-RItrovata dal ragazzo che l'aveva riconosciuta a Vienna . Evviva! Ora può andare a letto felice!
- Sente la mancanza di un osso-
- stamattina ha ritrovato (PER CASO!...non lo stava neppure cercando) un guanto che aveva perso più di 10 giorni fa, seppellito sotto i ghiacci perenni in centro a Bologna
- ha scrostato uno strato non indifferente di ghiaccio dal parabrezza.... ha scoperto che questo sole è solo una proiezione della sua mente
- e il prete che le stava benedicendo casa :"benedici questa...famiglia? coppia..? Cosa siete sposati, studenti, conviventi...?" (il buon senso VORREBBE che ad un prete non si dica MAI CONVIVENTI) così lei "lui...è ... ilmiocompagno" (LUI è assente e compagno fa molto comunista... brava Stefania!!!). Il prete la guarda, ...riflette, la fissa e chiede:"ma ci riesce a vivere con un romagnolo???"
- svende tutti i sorrisi falsi ricevuti a prezzi stracciatissimi. Approfittatene.
- ama troppo la doccia per amare il deserto... ma ama tanto il deserto... le due cose non coincidono -_-'
- ha sbagliato ad ordinare pizza. Maledetta arissa!


          PERBINCANGAN BERKAITAN SAHSIAH   

Sahsiah adalah merupakan kalimah Arab dari kata dasar " شخص" bermaksud seseorang. Sahsiah memberi maksud sejumlah sifat yang membezakan keperibadiannya dengan yang lain[1]. Kalimah ini telah diguna pakai dengan meluas dalam bahasa Melayu yang bermaksud keperibadian atau akhlak.

Masalah sahsiah atau akhlak adalah merupakan masalah global yang dihadapi oleh seluruh umat dalam dunia hari ini. Mengikut ajaran Islam bahawa sahsiah yang mulia adalah faktor utama yang menyumbangkan kepada pembangunan satu-satu umat dan negara. Akhlak yang mulia akan membentuk peribadi umat sebagai manusia yang berfikiran, manusia contoh untuk menuju ke arah kehidupan yang sempurna di dunia dan kebahagiaan di akhirat.

Apabila melihat kepada suasana masyarakat dunia hari ini, ternyatalah bahawa dunia sekarang sedang menghadapi krisis moral atau akhlak yang amat tenat. Nilai-nilai kemanusiaan dan kebahagiaan telah dan sedang terancam. Pertimbangan dan penilaian yang digunakan oleh masyarakat dan individu dalam menilai kebaikan dan keburukan tidak lagi berlandaskan landasan yang sepatutnya, malah kebanyakannya menurut kehendak hawa nafsu yang dilahirkan oleh fahaman kebendaan semata-mata.



[1] ‘Alī al-Qāsimī, Ahmad Mokhtār ‘Umar, Muhyi al-Dīn Sobīr (1989), al-Mujam al-‘Arabi al-Asāsī, Tunisia: Lārousse, h. 674


          Matlamat Pendidikan Menurut Islam   

Matlamat pendidikan Islam menurut pandangan para filosuf Islam adalah sebagaimana berikut:

Imam Abu Ĥamid al-Ghazali[1] menyatakan matlamat dan tujuan pendidikan Islam itu adalah: “Bertaqarrub (mendekatkan diri) kepada Allah Ta’ala tanpa tujuan mendapatkan jawatan kepemimpinan, bermegah-megah dan berlumba-lumba.”[2]

Sementara Ibn Khaldun[3] (1332–1406 M) pula dalam kitabnya al-Muqaddimah mengatakan:

“Adalah pendidikan Islam mengarah kepada dua tujuan iaitu:-

1. Tujuan keagamaan, maksudnya ialah beramal untuk akhirat, sehingga ia menemui Tuhannya, dalam keadaan ia telah menunaikan hak Allah yang diwajibkan ke atasnya.

2. Tujuan ilmiah – keduniaan, iaitu apa yang diungkapkan dalam pendidikan moden dengan tujuan kemanfaatan, atau persiapan untuk hidup.[4]

Menurut Prof. Şāleh ‘Abd al-‘Azīz dan Dr. ‘Abd al-‘Azīz ‘Abd al-Mājid bahawa tujuan pendidikan Islam adalah: “Untuk mendapatkan keredhaan Allah dan mengusahakan kehidupan.”[5] Sementara Mustafa Amin menyatakan bahawa tujuan pendidikan Islam adalah:“Mempersiapkan seseorang bagi amalan dunia dan akhirat.”[6]

Prof. Dr. Muħammad ‘Atiyyah al-A’brāsyi dalam mengomentarikan definisi-definisi pendidikan yang dikemukakan oleh para pakar tersebut sebagaimana berikut:[7]

“Sebenarnya semua definisi pendidikan yang tersebut adalah tercakup di dalamnya teladan-teladan, contoh-contoh yang tinggi, yang halus bagi para pendidik menegakkannya. Pada pendapat kami bahawa pendidik itu ialah mempersiapkan seseorang (anak didik) supaya dia dapat hidup dengan sempurna, bahagia, cinta kepada tanah airnya, kuat jasmaninya, sistematik pemikirannya, halus perasaannya, cekap dalam kerjayanya, bekerjasama dengan orang lain, indah ungkapannya, dalam tulisan dan lisannya dan tangannya melakukan pekerjaannya dengan baik”.

Menurut Drs. Syahminan Zaini, tujuan pendidikan Islam adalah membentuk manusia yang berjasmani kuat, sihat dan trampil, berotak cerdas dan banyak ilmu, berhati tunduk kepada Allah serta mempunyai semangat kerja yang hebat, disiplin yang tinggi dan pendirian yang teguh.[8]

Drs. Ahmad D. Marimba mengatakan bahawa tujuan pendidikan Islam adalah membentuk keperibadian muslim, iaitu keperibadian yang menyerahkan dirinya kepada Allah.[9]

Menurut Prof. Madya Dr. Abdul Halim Mat Diah, ungkapan yang paling baik dan lengkap tentang tujuan pendidikan Islam adalah membentuk keperibadian muslim. Dalam kata-kata “keperibadian muslim yang seutuhnya” akan tercakuplah keperibadian yang utama, keperibadian yang menyerahkan dirinya kepada Allah, dengan beribadah kepadaNya dan berusaha mendapatkan kebahagiaan dunia dan akhirat.[10]



[1] Beliau ialah Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Ahmad Abu Hamid al-Tusi al-Ghazali. Dilahirkan pada tahun 450h di negeri Tus dan meninggal dunia di sana pada 14 Jamadil Akhir 505h.

[2] Muhammad ‘Atiyyah al-Abrāsyi (1969), al-Tarbiyyah al-Islāmiyyah wa-falāsifatuhā, c. II, Mesir: ‘Isā al-Bāb al-Halabi wā-Syurākah, h. 244.

[3] Beliau ialah Abdul Rahman Abu Zaid, dilahirkan di Tunisia tahun 1332h dan meninggal dunia di Kaherah tahun 1406h. Merupakan ahli sosiologi dan falsafah. Beliau mengarang kitab dalam pelbagai bidang dan karangan beliau yang paling masyhur ialah kitab al-Muqaddimah.

[4] Muhammad ‘Atiyyah al-A’brāsyi (1969), Op.cit., h. 284.

[5] Şāleh ‘Abd al-‘Azīz dan Dr. ‘Abd al ‘Azīz ‘Abd al-Majīd (1968), al-Tarbiyyah wa-Turūq al- Tadris, Jld.I, c. IX, Mesir: Dār al-Ma’ārif, h. 34.

[6] Mustafa Amīn (1926), Tarīkh al-Tarbiyyah, c. II, Mesir: Dār al-Maārif, h. 167.

[7] Muhammad ‘Atiyyah al-A’brāsyi (1969), op.cit., h. 284-285.

[8] Syahminan Zaini , op. cit., h. 48-49.

[9] Ahmad D. Marimba, op. cit., h. 41-42.

[10] Abdul Halim bin Haji Mat Diah (1989), op. cit., h. 58.


          Pengertian Tasawwur Islam   

Istilah Tasawwur Islam adalah merupakan satu ungkapan yang tidak asing lagi dalam penggunaan masyarakat Islam di Malaysia. Tasawwur bermaksud suatu gambaran atau tanggapan akal atau pemikiran seseorang terhadap sesuatu perkara. Perkataan ini berasal dari kalimah Arab yang memberi beberapa maksud;

i.Suatu tanggapan terhadap rupa sesuatu yang dapat dikhayalkan.

ii.Cuba memberi gambaran terhadap sesuatu.

iii.Memberi gambaran yang sebenar terhadap sesuatu.

Tasawwur juga bererti menghasilkan rupa sesuatu dalam akal. Pengertian kalimah Tasawwur berbeza-beza mengikut disiplin ilmu yang tertentu. Tasawwur di sisi ahli falsafah bermaksud suatu bentuk pemikiran yang tergambar dalam akal manusia mengenai alam dan kehidupan. Ahli psikologi pula berpendapat bahawa Tasawwur ialah menggambarkan tentang suatu perkara di dalam akal tanpa melihat atau berinteraksi dengannya.[1]

Terdapat percubaan untuk memelayukan istilah Tasawwur Islam seperti menterjemahkannya kepada ' Pandangan Hidup Islam' yang merupakan terjemahan istilah Inggeris iaitu Islamic World-View. Walau bagaimanapun Prof. Dr. Harun Din berpendapat adalah lebih baik istilah Tasawwur Islam dikekalkan mengikut sebutan asal bahasa Arab yang maksudnya lebih tepat.[2]

Tasawwur amat penting dalam kehidupan manusia kerana sikap dan tindakan adalah lahir dari tasawwurnya terhadap kehidupan ini. Tasawwur yang betul akan melahirkan tindakan yang betul. Begitu juga jika sebaliknya. Perbezaan tasawwur adalah berpunca daripada banyak aspek antaranya ialah latarbelakang pendidikan yang mempengaruhi penguasaan ilmu seseorang terhadap Islam.

Oleh yang demikian, Islam telah memberi perhatian yang berat terhadap pendidikan. Ini adalah untuk memastikan setiap insan mempunyai tasawwur dan pengetahuan yang jelas terhadap hakikat kehidupan di atas muka bumi ini.



[1] ‘Alī al-Qāsimī, Ahmad Mokhtār ‘Umar, Muhyi al-Dīn Sobīr (1989), al-Mujam al-‘Arabi al-Asāsī, Tunisia: Lārousse, h. 755.

[2] Haron Din (1992), Tasawwur Islam, Shah Alam: Pustaka Hizbi, h. 2


          Pengertian Tasawwur Islam   

Istilah Tasawwur Islam adalah merupakan satu ungkapan yang tidak asing lagi dalam penggunaan masyarakat Islam di Malaysia. Tasawwur bermaksud suatu gambaran atau tanggapan akal atau pemikiran seseorang terhadap sesuatu perkara. Perkataan ini berasal dari kalimah Arab yang memberi beberapa maksud;

i.Suatu tanggapan terhadap rupa sesuatu yang dapat dikhayalkan.

ii.Cuba memberi gambaran terhadap sesuatu.

iii.Memberi gambaran yang sebenar terhadap sesuatu.

Tasawwur juga bererti menghasilkan rupa sesuatu dalam akal. Pengertian kalimah Tasawwur berbeza-beza mengikut disiplin ilmu yang tertentu. Tasawwur di sisi ahli falsafah bermaksud suatu bentuk pemikiran yang tergambar dalam akal manusia mengenai alam dan kehidupan. Ahli psikologi pula berpendapat bahawa Tasawwur ialah menggambarkan tentang suatu perkara di dalam akal tanpa melihat atau berinteraksi dengannya.[1]

Terdapat percubaan untuk memelayukan istilah Tasawwur Islam seperti menterjemahkannya kepada ' Pandangan Hidup Islam' yang merupakan terjemahan istilah Inggeris iaitu Islamic World-View. Walau bagaimanapun Prof. Dr. Harun Din berpendapat adalah lebih baik istilah Tasawwur Islam dikekalkan mengikut sebutan asal bahasa Arab yang maksudnya lebih tepat.[2]

Tasawwur amat penting dalam kehidupan manusia kerana sikap dan tindakan adalah lahir dari tasawwurnya terhadap kehidupan ini. Tasawwur yang betul akan melahirkan tindakan yang betul. Begitu juga jika sebaliknya. Perbezaan tasawwur adalah berpunca daripada banyak aspek antaranya ialah latarbelakang pendidikan yang mempengaruhi penguasaan ilmu seseorang terhadap Islam.

Oleh yang demikian, Islam telah memberi perhatian yang berat terhadap pendidikan. Ini adalah untuk memastikan setiap insan mempunyai tasawwur dan pengetahuan yang jelas terhadap hakikat kehidupan di atas muka bumi ini.



[1] ‘Alī al-Qāsimī, Ahmad Mokhtār ‘Umar, Muhyi al-Dīn Sobīr (1989), al-Mujam al-‘Arabi al-Asāsī, Tunisia: Lārousse, h. 755.

[2] Haron Din (1992), Tasawwur Islam, Shah Alam: Pustaka Hizbi, h. 2


          ITF: Qaaswa Tanker’s Crew Returns Home   
Fifteen crewmembers of the tanker Qaaswa, which was stranded off the coast of Tunisia since early May, have been sent home with most of their owed wages, according to International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF). Paul Falzon, ITF contact in Malta, has been helping the crew, which consisted of 13 Indian and two Pakistani seafarers, since May 13 after […]
          هروس؛ سس پیاز و چیلی تونسی    

هروس (بر وزن عروس) یه سس تونسی متشکل از پیاز تخمیر شده و چیلی هست. شم کارآگاهی بنده هم این طور حکم می کنه که نامبرده با توجه به املا، با هریسه، اون سس فلفلی معروف، هم بی ارتباط نیست. فصل تابستون هست و نیاز مبرمی به سس های سرد که با کباب یا گوشت و یا سبزیجات گریل شده سرو می شن احساس می شه و اون هم  درست مثل نیاز مبرم در اون مقطع زمانی به این سس سبزی تازه قدیمی و محبوب!. این سس طعم بسیار جالبی داره و صرف اون با کباب آلات هم بسیار لذت بخش هست. برای تاسیس اون، از دستور این لینک سود جستم. در سعی اول احساس کردم نمک دستور اصلی زیاد هست و سس شوری تولید می کنه و لذا در سعی دوم از نمک کاستم و به دستور ترجمه شده زیرین رسیدم.         
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          Unusual Berber trouble in Moroocco. Al Qaeda suspected. Jacques Neriah, @JerusalemCenter @ELALUSA Report w/Malcolm Hoenlein @Conf_of_pres.   
06-29-2017 (Photo: ) http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/contact http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/schedules Twitter: @BatchelorShow Unusual Berber trouble in Moroocco. Al Qaeda suspected. Jacques Neriah, @JerusalemCenter @ELALUSA Report w/Malcolm Hoenlein @Conf_of_pres. Domestic tensions in Morocco are brewing; unrest and protests have been noted in the northern part of the Kingdom, and the regime is unable to control the situation and calm the passions. In many ways, events in Morocco since late October are a reminder of those that preceded the ousting of the Tunisian President Zein El-Abidine Ben Ali in 2011 and launched the “Arab Spring.” The surface calm in Morocco was broken by a harrowing incident on October 28, 2016, in the northern town of Al-Hoceima on Morocco’s Mediterranean coast. The police threw Mouhcine Fikri’s whole fish catch into the bin of a waste truck. The fishmonger tried to save his catch and jumped into the waste bin. He was crushed to death by the grinder. Protests began in the coastal town of Al-Hoceima but very quickly spread to other northern cities such as Nador and even in Morocco’s main cities – Rabat, Casablanca, and Tangier. According to Moroccan authorities, more than 1,600 Moroccans have joined the ranks of the jihadists in Syria, Libya, and Iraq, and 200 to 240 out of that number have returned either to Morocco or European countries. The Kingdom has embarked on a special religious education program aimed at neutralizing all extremist interpretations of the Koran. King Mohammad VI instructed the ministry of education to remove from schoolbooks all references to jihad. The Moroccan press reported that King Mohammed VI decided not to attend the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) meeting in Monrovia on June 4, 2017, because he was reluctant to meet Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu who had been invited by the President of Liberia to address the forum. King Mohammed, it was reported, thought he would be the only speaker at the gathering. However, that is a very dubious explanation for the king’s absence especially since Morocco has been very active during the past year lobbying to regain its position in the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and never missed a forum to recruit African members to support its candidacy. The fact is that the domestic tensions in Morocco are brewing; unrest and protests have been noted in the northern part of the Kingdom, and the regime is unable to control the situation and calm down the passions. In many ways, events in Morocco since late October are a reminder of those that preceded the ousting of the Tunisian President Zein El-Abidine Ben Ali in 2011. On December 17, 2010, the police of a small, forgotten, and deprived town called Sidi Bouzid in southern Tunisia confiscated the scales of a 26 years-old street vendor, Mohammad Bouazizi, under the false claim he had infringed upon the law by illegally selling vegetables at a mobile stand. In truth, Bouazizi had refused to pay a bribe to the police. Adding insult to injury, it was reported that a policewoman hit him in the face and insulted his deceased father. In the aftermath, Bouazizi was banned from the provincial government building to file a complaint. Outraged by his public humiliation, Bouazizi poured kerosene on himself and set himself ablaze in front of the governor’s house.1 This was the beginning of what was then named “the Arab Spring.” The wave of popular protest ultimately led to the demise of the Ben Ali regime in Tunisia and his escape to Saudi Arabia. The protest wave did not spare other regimes such as Libya, Egypt, Syria, and others. In some countries, the wave transformed into a tsunami and brought down well-established regimes such as Egypt’s Mubarak, Libya’s Qaddafi while in others it became a prelude to civil wars in Syria and Iraq. The shockwave was felt in all Arab countries. Still, most of them survived at the price of ceding power to the opposition and i...
          Free Download: Parallells – Jhaan Feat. Sarah Pirwany (Original Mix)   
free-download-parallells-jhaan

free-download-parallells-jhaanParallells is a fresh brother duo of Dutch producers who grew up in France. Playing around the globe (Dominican Republic, Egypt, Qatar, Tunisia, Spain, France, Netherlands, Italy, Poland, England, Belgium, Germany…), their set can be characterized by the mix of several genres with a spacey and melodic touch that brings its audience on a emotional […]

The post Free Download: Parallells – Jhaan Feat. Sarah Pirwany (Original Mix) appeared first on Deep House Amsterdam.


          Free Download: Parallells – Jhaan Feat. Sarah Pirwany (Original Mix)   
free-download-parallells-jhaan

free-download-parallells-jhaanParallells is a fresh brother duo of Dutch producers who grew up in France. Playing around the globe (Dominican Republic, Egypt, Qatar, Tunisia, Spain, France, Netherlands, Italy, Poland, England, Belgium, Germany…), their set can be characterized by the mix of several genres with a spacey and melodic touch that brings its audience on a emotional […]

The post Free Download: Parallells – Jhaan Feat. Sarah Pirwany (Original Mix) appeared first on Deep House Amsterdam.


          un (e) stagiaire en Gouvernance Locale et Développement Local Intégré et Durable   
UNDP: un (e) stagiaire en Gouvernance Locale et Développement Local Intégré et Durable in Tunis, TUNISIA. Closing date: 2017-06-30
          Un (e) stagiaire en Planification urbaine stratégique   
UNDP: Un (e) stagiaire en Planification urbaine stratégique in Tunis, TUNISIA. Closing date: 2017-06-30
          27 EECS Seniors Inducted into Phi Beta Kappa   

Twenty-seven EECS students were among 87 members of the MIT Class of 2017 who were recently inducted into the prestigious Phi Beta Kappa honor society. A faculty committee annually selects inductees "in recognition of their excellent academic records and commitment to the objectives of a liberal education," according to the announcement from the society's Xi chapter at MIT. No more than 10 percent of each graduating class will be invited to join. Congratulations to:

  • Suri Bandler, Scarsdale, N.Y.
  • Malek Ben Romdhane, Tunis, Tunisia
  • Samantha Briasco-Stewart, Wayland, Mass.
  • Bryan Cai, Bryn Mawr, Pa.
  • Graeme Campbell, Jackson, Miss.
  • Emanuele Ceccarelli, Bologna, Italy
  • Uttara Chakraborty, Cambridge, Mass.
  • Lillian Chin, Decatur, Ga.
  • Abigail Choe, Seoul, Korea
  • Zi-Ning Choo, Napervillle, Ill.
  • Prafulla Dhariwal, Pune, India
  • Lisa Ho, London, U.K.
  • Hyun Sub Hwang, Seoul, Korea
  • Jong Wook Kim, Burlington, Mass.
  • Hanna Lee, Bethesda, Md.
  • Dina Levy-Lambert, New York, N.Y.
  • Aofei Liu, Singapore
  • Erika Lu, Lexington, Mass.
  • Suzanne Mueller, McLean, Va.
  • Battushig Myanganbayar, Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
  • Andrew Titus, Finksburg, Md.
  • Priya Veeraraghavan, Austin, Texas
  • Vickie Ye, Irvine, Calif.
  • Tania Yu, Randolph, N.J.
  • Tiange (Alice) Zhan, Memphis, Tenn.
  • Lingfu Zhang, Mianyang, China
  • Yuwei Zhang, Ningbo, China

 
 
 

Date Posted: 

Saturday, June 10, 2017 - 12:15pm

Card Title Color: 

Black

Card Description: 

They're among the 87 members of the Class of 2017 admitted to the venerable honor society.

Photo: 

Card Title: 

27 EECS Seniors Inducted into Phi Beta Kappa

          Watchdog: BDS Movement’s Campaign Against Jewish Comedian Is Anti-Semitic   
Tunisian-born comedian Michel Boujenah is being boycotted because he is a Zionist.
          12.06.2017 Reform partnerships with three African countries agreed by Development Ministry   
Africa needs jobs: 20 million new jobs every year. That is why, prompted by Germany, the G20 has devised a plan together with the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund and the African Development Bank to set up investment partnerships for reform-oriented African countries. Germany is forging ahead with its development cooperation efforts in this regard and is putting the plan for investment partnerships into action by agreeing the first three reform partnerships with Tunisia, Côte ...
          Ferroviário da Beira - Etoile du Sahel   
Mozambique side Ferroviario da Beira host Tunisia side Etoile du Sahel for the 5th round match in Group A of the CAF Champions League 2017 season. Brief Analysis -the first leg of this match in Tunisia ended 5:0 in favor of Etiole du Sahel, but despite...
          AS Vita Club - Esperance   
AS Vita Club host Esperance for the 5th round match in Group C of the ongoing CAF Confederations Cup. Brief Analysis - AS Vita Club play at home in this match with the first leg of the match in Tunisia ending 3 :1 in favor of Esperance, Esperance currently...
          AS Vita Club - Esperance   
Esperance Tunis is of course a team representing Tunisia here in this Champions League competition and so far they have done well inside this group stage as they are currently standing on 1st place in the group still undefeated after 4 games played...
          From Turkey to Thailand: GIJN Adds 10 Members    
Gutsy online reporting sites from Japan, Taiwan, Thailand and Tunisia, data journalism centers in Turkey and Ukraine, and a West African reporting network are among the 10 new members approved by the GIJN Board of Directors this week. The new groups bring GIJN's membership to 155 organizations in 68 countries.
          (TUN-TUNIS) Senior Accounting Clerk   
**EMPLOYMENT STATUS** Full Time Regular (local) - Full time permanent position for hiring on a local contract. **ABOUT THIS JOB** Baker Hughes has a new opportunity for a Senior Accounting Clerk to join our Finance team in Tunisia **KEY RESPONSIBILITIES/ACCOUNTABILITIES** + Under minimal supervision, handles complex tasksrelating to accounting. + May provide functional advice and GRIR, SAP, andcredit card administration training to customers, vendors and lower levelemployees. + Monitors status of third party orders requiringpayments and assists lower level specialists. + May work with purchasing, quality, receiving to assistwith AP related issues and training related to workflow, inventory, and otheraccounting related transactions. + May entry Journal Entries in General Ledger forAccruals including Parked Invoice Accrual Reporting and Workflow Coder codingcapabilities. + May enter accrual data in SAP, reconcile GLaccounts and P-cards, manages P-card and T&E hierarchy. + Handles special projects, as assigned **ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATIONS/REQUIREMENTS** + Degree or Diploma in Accounting / Finance + 2 years of accounting/ clerical experience + Knowledge of general accounting principles andprocesses. + Account reconciliation. + Advanced Microsoft and Excel. + Knowledge of custom reporting tool. + Reporting and entering data into SAP. + Reporting accruals through SAP. + Financial Reporting for Budgets Inquiries,reconciliation Trade Payables, manual GRIR Account, reconciliation ConsignedStock Purchasing, accrued Third Party Commissions for AR, Accrued Payables, VendorPrepayments. + Ability to organize, multi-task, attention to detail **OTHER DETAILS** Candidate needs to be able to communicate fluently in German as well as English and French **COMPANY OVERVIEW** Baker Hughes is a leading supplier of oilfield services, products, technology and systems to the worldwide oil and natural gas industry. By being the service company that best anticipates, understands and exceeds our customers' expectations, Baker Hughes Advances Reservoir Performance. The company's 39,000-plus employees work in more than 80 countries in geomarket teams that help customers find, evaluate, drill, produce, transport and process hydrocarbon resources. Baker Hughes' technology centers in the world's leading energy markets are pushing the boundaries to overcome progressively more complex challenges. Baker Hughes develops solutions designed to help manage operating expenses, maximize reserve recovery and boost overall return on investment through the entire life cycle of an oil or gas asset. Collaboration is the foundation upon which Baker Hughes builds our business and develops next-generation products and services for drilling and evaluation, completions and production and fluids and chemicals. For more information on Baker Hughes' century-long history, visit our website. _Baker Hughes is an Equal Employment Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to age, gender, gender identity, marital status, pregnancy, race, national origin, ethnic origin, color, disability status, veteran status, religion, sexual orientation or any other protection guaranteed by local law._ _If you are applying to a position in the US and you are an individual with disability or a disabled veteran status, religion, sexual orientation or any other protection guaranteed by local lawran and would like any type of assistance to submit an application or to attend any recruitment or selection event, we would like to help you to ensure that your experience is as smooth as possible. If you need assistance, information, or answers to your questions, feel free to contact us or have any of your representatives contact us at_ **_Baker Hughes Application Assistance Toll Free at 1-866-324-4562._** _This method of contact has been put in place_ **_ONLY_** _to be used by those internal and external applicants who have a disability and are requesting accommodation._ _For all other inquiries on your application, log in to your profile and click on the_ **_My Jobpage_** _tab. General application status inquiries will not be handled by the call center._ **Job:** _Finance_ **Title:** _Senior Accounting Clerk_ **Location:** _AFRICA-TUNISIA-TUNISIA-TUNIS_ **Requisition ID:** _1709165_
          (TUN-TUNIS) Accounting Clerk   
**EMPLOYMENT STATUS** Full Time Regular (local) - Full time permanent position for hiring on a local contract. **ABOUT THIS JOB** Baker Hughes has a new opportunity for an Accounting Clerk to join our Finance team in Tunisia. **KEY RESPONSIBILITIES/ACCOUNTABILITIES** + Under general supervision, performs a variety ofroutine and progressively more difficult accounting functions in accordancewith standard procedures. + May reconcile bank accounts, post to and balance generalor subsidiary ledgers, process payments and compile segments of monthlyclosings and annual reports. + May contact other departments and/or outsideagencies to resolve common problems. + Handles special projects, as assigned **ESSENTIAL QUALIFICATIONS/REQUIREMENTS** + Degree or Diploma on Finance / Accounting + 1 years of accounting/ clerical experience + Detail oriented. + Knowledge of SAP + Knowledge of VAT and taxes. + Familiarity with standard office machines. + Proficient use of spreadsheet computer programsrequired. + Ability to interface well with employees,customers and vendors on a daily basis. + Knowledge of accounting principles, practices and processes **OTHER DETAILS** Candidate has to be able to communicate fluently in German and/or Italian **COMPANY OVERVIEW** Baker Hughes is a leading supplier of oilfield services, products, technology and systems to the worldwide oil and natural gas industry. By being the service company that best anticipates, understands and exceeds our customers' expectations, Baker Hughes Advances Reservoir Performance. The company's 39,000-plus employees work in more than 80 countries in geomarket teams that help customers find, evaluate, drill, produce, transport and process hydrocarbon resources. Baker Hughes' technology centers in the world's leading energy markets are pushing the boundaries to overcome progressively more complex challenges. Baker Hughes develops solutions designed to help manage operating expenses, maximize reserve recovery and boost overall return on investment through the entire life cycle of an oil or gas asset. Collaboration is the foundation upon which Baker Hughes builds our business and develops next-generation products and services for drilling and evaluation, completions and production and fluids and chemicals. For more information on Baker Hughes' century-long history, visit our website. _Baker Hughes is an Equal Employment Affirmative Action Employer. All qualified applicants will receive consideration for employment without regard to age, gender, gender identity, marital status, pregnancy, race, national origin, ethnic origin, color, disability status, veteran status, religion, sexual orientation or any other protection guaranteed by local law._ _If you are applying to a position in the US and you are an individual with disability or a disabled veteran status, religion, sexual orientation or any other protection guaranteed by local lawran and would like any type of assistance to submit an application or to attend any recruitment or selection event, we would like to help you to ensure that your experience is as smooth as possible. If you need assistance, information, or answers to your questions, feel free to contact us or have any of your representatives contact us at_ **_Baker Hughes Application Assistance Toll Free at 1-866-324-4562._** _This method of contact has been put in place_ **_ONLY_** _to be used by those internal and external applicants who have a disability and are requesting accommodation._ _For all other inquiries on your application, log in to your profile and click on the_ **_My Jobpage_** _tab. General application status inquiries will not be handled by the call center._ **Job:** _Finance_ **Title:** _Accounting Clerk_ **Location:** _AFRICA-TUNISIA-TUNISIA-TUNIS_ **Requisition ID:** _1709160_
          Notes From the Field: Making Trade More Efficient in Tunisia   

About "Notes From the Field": With this occasional feature, we let World Bank professionals who are conducting interesting trade-related projects around the globe explain some of the challenges and triumphs of their day-to-day work. The views expressed here are personal and should not be attributed to the World Bank.

The interview below was conducted with Hamid Alavi, a senior private sector specialist and Regional Private Sector Development Coordinator. He oversees and manages the work program, projects and advisory services related to private sector development and competitiveness. He has published on access to finance, innovation, private sector development, enterprise competitiveness and trade facilitation, food security, telecoms, pollution control, trade finance, and export promotion.

Mr. Alavi spoke with us about the successful implementation of a single-window trade portal project in Tunisia. The project enhanced transparency of trade transactions and cut processing time at the Port of Rades from 18 days to two-and-a-half days during an 8-year period starting in 2000. In 2008, the project was featured in the International Finance Corporation’s “SmartLessons” series. In the interview, Alavi explains why it worked, despite some political resistance.


          Tunisia: islamico tenta di sgozzare turiste, ferite   
Due turiste tedesche, madre e figlia, sono le vittime di un attacco da parte di un islamico armato di coltello nel mercato di Nabeul, nei pressi di Hammamet. Le due donne sono rimaste ferite ma non sono mai state in pericolo di vita. L’attacco arriva nei giorni del secondo anniversario della strage del resort che … Continua la lettura di Tunisia: islamico tenta di sgozzare turiste, ferite
          Namibia: Welwitschias to Tackle Tunisia in Rugby Africa Gold Cup Clash   
[New Era] Windhoek -Namibia's senior rugby side, the Welwitschias, will tomorrow confront Tunisia in their Rugby Africa Gold Cup opening clash. The competition serves as Africa's qualifiers for the 2019 World Cup.
          Friday News Bites: Tunisia and Arizona Shootings, Voting Rights + More   
Friday, Friday, once again. Let’s catch up with some of the news stories that caught my eye over the last week. Police have arrested a person in connection with the shooting at a Ferguson protest last week. Jeffrey Williams, 20, was not involved with the protesters, and he acknowledged firing shots, though he “may have been … Continue reading Friday News Bites: Tunisia and Arizona Shootings, Voting Rights + More
          Who Killed theTunisian singer Thekra?   
Who dare to Say مين يجرا يقول Her Last Song Tells   Singer killed because she made a song against Saudi Arabia kingdom and the political system in KSA Thikra’s family accuses Jamal Mubarak of her murder Family of the late Tunisian singer Thikra has exploded a bomb stating that they possess solid evidence proving […]
          THE AGE OF CONSENT IN MOST OF THE US IS NOT EIGHTEEN   


The accepted wisdom tells us that the age at which a person can legally consent to sex in the US is eighteen. Before this line of demarcation, a person is "jailbait" or "chicken." On their eighteenth birthday, they become "legal." But in the majority of states, this isn't the case. It's up to each state to determine its own age of consent. Only fifteen states have put theirs at eighteen, with the rest going lower. Eight have set the magic point at the seventeenth birthday. The most popular age is sixteen, with 27 states and Washington DC setting the ability to sexually

consent there. (Hawaii's age of consent had been fourteen until mid-2001, when it was bumped to sixteen.) Of course, as with anything regarding the law, there are considerable shades of gray. For one thing, these laws don't apply if the lovers are married. The age of consent for marriage, especially with parental permission, is usually lower than the age of sexual consent. The Constitution of the State of South Carolina says that females aged fourteen and up can consent to sex, but state law appears to set the age at sixteen. In a lot of states, the age of the older partner is a consideration. For example, Tennessee doesn't consider sex with someone aged thirteen to seventeen to be statutory rape if the elder partner in

less than four years older. So a nineteen-year-old could get it on with a sixteen-year-old without breaking the law. The most extreme example of this rule is in Delaware. If you're 30 or older, boffing a sixteen- or seventeen-year-old is a felony. But if you're 29 or younger, it's perfectly legal. And let's not even get into Georgia's Public Law 16-6-18, which outlaws sex between anyone who isn't married, no matter what their ages or genders. Then, of course, we have the laws regarding same-sex relations, which are completely illegal in fifteen or so states. In almost all of the others states, the age of consent for gay sex is the same as

that for het-sex. Two exceptions are Nevada and New Hampshire, which both allow sixteen year- olds to consent to a member of the opposite sex, but set the limit at eighteen for those who go the other way. Somewhat startlingly, even though New Mexico's age of consent for straights is seventeen, it's thirteen for gays and lesbians. The situation around the world varies even more than within the US. The age of consent in the UK is sixteen, except in Northern Ireland, where it's a year older. Various territories in Australia set the age at sixteen or seventeen, and in Canada it's universally fourteen. The lowest age — in a few countries, such as Chile and Mexico — is twelve. Only one country is known to have set the age above eighteen — Tunisia, which feels that twenty is the acceptable age.






          Henry Raines Show 03/21/10 Hour 2   
Story links: The Petraeus briefing: Biden's embarrassment is not the whole ... Mar 14, 2010 www.mideast.foreignpolicy.com/.../the_petraeus_briefing_biden_s_embarrassment _is_not_the_whole_story - , Final destination Iran?, http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/world-news/final-destination-iran-1.1013151 Guest: Ambassador Edward Peck served as the U.S. Chief of Mission to Iraq in the 1980s and has also served diplomatic functions in Morocco , Algeria , Tunisia , Egypt and Mauritania . In Washington , DC he was the Deputy Director of the Cabinet Task Force on Terrorism at the White House under President Reagan. Since retiring, Ambassador Peck has served as Executive Secretary of the American Academy of Diplomacy, Chairman of Political Tradecraft Programs at the National Foreign Affairs Training Center , and as a lecturer and consultant to businesses, governments and the media in the U.S. and overseas. He is a Woodrow Wilson Visiting Fellow and a Distinguished Visitor at the National War College . Known for his clear delivery and touch of humor, Ambassador Peck brings an insiders view and a critical eye to tensions in the Middle East , steeped in decades of governmental experience. A former paratrooper, he holds a B.S. from UCLA and an MBA from George Washington University . In November 2008, with Eugene Bird, he led a delegation of former US diplomats and American citizens on a 16-day tour of the Middle East to meet with Arab political and religious leaders to discuss the future of American-Arab relations in light of Obama’s upcoming presidency. They traveled to Lebanon , Syria , Jordan , Israel , The West Bank, and Egypt , but were denied entrance to Gaza . This tour was part of an ongoing Council for the National Interest Foundation program to increase Public Diplomacy to the region Http://www.cnifoundation.org/. He discusses U.S. policy and Arab politics in the Middle East; covert intelligence; understanding terrorism; how to use diplomacy even in the conflict between Palestine and Israel; significance of Iraq election and whether or not Democracy can thrive in the region, how and when we can bring our troops home; consequences for Israel's announcement to build new settlements in East Jerusalem.
          Our Partner in Tunisia, joint winner of the Nobel Peace Prize: an inspiration for us to continue our work   

It's no minor task to follow the steps of Malala Yousafi and other great figures, however that is what the Quartet of Tunisian organizations have just accomplished by being awarded  the Nobel Peace Prize for its “decisive contribution to the establishment of a pluralist democracy in Tunisia. "

The Quartet includes the Tunisian General Labour Union (UGTT), the Tunisian League of Human Rights (LTDH), the Tunisian Union of Industry, Trade and Handicrafts (UTICA) and the Order Lawyers. As partners of the UGTT, Oxfam is convinced that the winners are worthy of this award. Through them, we greet and invite all the forces of Tunisia to continue in the same direction.

A tribute to civil society as a whole

Through dialogue, the Quartet enabled Tunisia to avoid a serious political crisis. At the end of discussions, a roadmap was adopted enabling the formation of a government of "national competencies", the adoption of a new constitution and the establishment of a calendar for elections

Oxfam welcomes this international recognition which pays tribute to Tunisian civil society at large for its role as an agent of change and recognizes all the efforts to make Tunisia a democratic country and  to promote dialogue as a means of conflict prevention and peaceful resolution.

Active citizenship and social justice

This award confirms Oxfam’s commitment to continue its programs, alongside Tunisians in the way they have taken to build the rule of law and a state which is accountable to its citizens. 

This distinction also shows our strategic choice in positioning ourselves as a partner and ally of Tunisian civil society, old and emerging, by investing in strengthening their capacities, supporting their influencing and advocacy efforts and being a convener of joint initiatives and exchange platforms which  jointly promote social and gender justice, active citizenship and  the expansion of public space of expression and the influence of civil society, which are the fundamental axes of our intervention in Tunisia.

Women on the front line

For two years, as part of the "Women on the Frontline" project, Oxfam has been working with the Women Commission of the UGTT. The participation of women in public and political space and the rights of women in the Middle East and North Africa are at the core of this project. Ambitious and unique, this initiative aims to create a women's leadership in the labour movement across all regions. Oxfam welcomes its partnership with the UGTT. Jointly, we are actively working to push the boundaries in a traditionally male environment.Oxfam is convinced of the extraordinary potential of the different components of Tunisian civil society and intends to continue to support it to become, more than ever, a key player in which women and young people are on the frontline

Article by the Oxfam in Tunisia team. 

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Najoua Makhlouf, President of the Women's Committee of the UGTT, an Oxfam partner marches alongside other women's rights activists at the demonstration for parity in the electoral law in Tunisia. Photo: LET
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Najoua Makhlouf, President of an Oxfam partner organisation, the Women's Committee of the UGTT, marches alongside other women's rights activists at the demonstration for parity in the electoral law in Tunisia. Photo: LET
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          vestiti usati che lasciamo nei bidoni delle città sono al centro di un lucroso business delle cosche   
che rivende questi materiali senza neppure farli pulire ...

Dai cassonetti gialli italiani finiscono in Tunisia e da lì sulle bancarelle dei mercati africani, attraverso un lucroso traffico gestito dalle mafie, soprattutto la camorra. È così che i vestiti usati del nostro paese e del Nord Europa - quelli che appunto vengono depositati nei cassonetti gialli nella convinzione di fare un atto generoso per qualcuno - gonfiano invece il portafoglio della criminalità organizzata.

Cominciamo a donarli personalmente a persone che sappiamo che hanno bisogno.
Non ci vuole molto: basta guardarsi intorno e saper ascoltare.
Io non butto mai niente: né nei cassonetti né tanto meno in quei contenitori. Purtroppo trovo sempre persone ridotte alla povertà che ne hanno una grande necessità . Basta regalare roba decente per non offendere la loro dignità.


          كميات كبيرة من الأسماك النافقة في ميناء الصيد البحري بقصيبة المديوني من ولاية المنستير   

استفاق، صباح يوم الجمعة، البحارة في ميناء الصيد البحري بقصيبة المديوني من ولاية المنستير على مشهد كمية هامّة من الأسماك النافقة مختلفة الحجم من نوع “الوُرَاطَةْ” و”القَارِوصْ” و”الِمجِلْ” و”السَارْدَةْ” و”القَبْرُوصْ” (سرطان البحر)، وفق ما أفاد به البحار و المجهز بالميناء، عمر الإمام، مراسلة (وات) بالجهة. و أوضح ذات المصدر أنه عاين، مساء الخميس، لدى تفقده […]

Cet article كميات كبيرة من الأسماك النافقة في ميناء الصيد البحري بقصيبة المديوني من ولاية المنستير est apparu en premier sur www.tunisialeaks.net.


          التوقيت الإداري خلال الفترة الصيفية   

تعلـم رئاسة الحكومة أنه تبعا لأحكام الأمر عدد 1710 لسنة2012 المؤرّخ في 14 سبتمبر 2012 المتعلّق بتوزيع أوقات وأيام عمل أعوان الدولة والجماعات المحلية والمؤسسات العمومية ذات الصبغة الإدارية كما تم تنقيحه فان توقيت العمل الصيفي بالإدارات العمومية والجماعات المحلية والمؤسسات العمومية ذات الصبغة الإدارية سيكون بداية من غرّة جويلية 2017 وإلى غاية يوم 31 […]

Cet article التوقيت الإداري خلال الفترة الصيفية est apparu en premier sur www.tunisialeaks.net.


          Tunisians urge boycott of 'Zionist' Boujenah   
Tunisians are calling to boycott the celebrated comic Michel Boujenah, who is due to appear on 19 July at the Carthage Festival.

Michel Boujenah: born in Tunis

In an open letter addressed to the minister of culture and festival director, the boycotters, from the Tunisian branch of the BDS movement,  claim that Boujenah, who was born in Tunisia but lives in France, is not only a proud Zionist but also considers himself part of the 'Israeli people'.

The signatories call on the Tunisian government to assume its responsibilities vis-a-vis 'normalisation' and reaffirm the country's historical, unconditional support for the Palestinian people.

Tunisian social media surfers are evenly divided on the issue. Hundreds think that his apearance on the stage at Carthage should be cancelled. Others are surprised at the fierce reaction against Michel Boujenah. Yamina Thabet of the Tunisian Association for the Support of Minorities (ATSM) denounced the campaign against the comic as 'bullying behaviour' and 'antisemitic'.

Boujenah is scheduled to perform in Israel on 25 July.

Enrico Macias, the pro-Israel Algerian born singer, cancelled several planned visits to his country of birth after fierce popular protests.  


Read article in full (French)

          Cerchiamo istruttori di vela per villaggi veraclub [Venezia]   
Cerchiamo istruttori di vela (derive e catamarani) per villaggi e strutture veraclub con partenze dai primi di marzo fino alla fine di ottobre con possibilit di continuit lavorativa anche per l'inverno. et massima 35 anni. richiesta bella presenza. il possesso della patente nautica viene considerato un plus e completa il profilo ricercato. le destinazioni portano verso villaggi in sardegna e all'estero (creta, karpathos, naxos, mauritius, tunisia, fuerteventura, santo domingo). spedisci tuo curr...
          150 Artists Collaborated To Turn The Streets Of Tunisia Into Works Of Art   
In the village of Er-Riadh, on the Tunisian island of Djerba, one will find more than historical artifacts — they’ll also find themselves surrounded by an abundance of art. This is because, for the past few months, 150 street artists worked together to transform the sleepy, traditional corner of North Africa into a vivacious village […]
          Fairground Festival Brings Adriatique, Mano Le Tough, Satori Under The Tunisian Sky   
fairground-festival-lineup-2017

fairground-festival-lineup-2017Tunisia’s mythical Ecovillage will once again host Fairground Festival as it descends on Sousse for its second edition, 14-15 July. Enriching the experience from all sides, the 2017 edition will feature increases in virtually every aspect of the festival, particularly within the realms of art and music. Visual and sound art will be offered in […]

The post Fairground Festival Brings Adriatique, Mano Le Tough, Satori Under The Tunisian Sky appeared first on Deep House Amsterdam.


          EUROPA/ITALIA - Suore Bianche in capitolo: portatrici di speranza, ascoltando lo Spirito, verso le periferie   
Roma - Le Suore Missionarie di Nostra Signora d'Africa conosciute come “Suore Bianche” aprono il loro 25° Capitolo generale a Roma, sabato 1 luglio.
Per tre settimane le capitolari rifletteranno sulle sfide poste oggi dalla missione alla Congregazione sotto il tema "Portatrici di speranza, ascoltando la voce dello Spirito, avanzando insieme verso le periferie". Nel corso del Capitolo verrà eletto il nuovo Consiglio generale.
Secondo la nota inviata all’Agenzia Fides, la Congregazione è stata fondata nel 1869 dal Card. Charles Lavigerie, un anno dopo la Società Missionaria dei Missionari d'Africa . Le religiose sono attualmente 633, originarie di 32 nazioni, impegnate in 26 paesi, di cui 14 in Africa: Mauritania, Tunisia, Algeria, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Ciad, Congo, Ruanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda e Malawi.
Il carisma della Congregazione è l'evangelizzazione dei popoli dell'Africa, espressa in vari settori: educazione, pastorale, salute, giustizia e pace, integrità del creato, dialogo interreligioso, specialmente con i credenti dell'Islam.

          Tunisian Beauty Sucks And Fucks Cock In Desert   
Watch Tunisian Beauty Sucks And Fucks Cock In Desert at DirtyPriest.com - old school free sex video tube.
          Classement uniRank 2017 des Universités et Ecoles supérieures tunisiennes   

Le site uniRank vient de publier son classement annuel des différentes universités et écoles supérieures dans le monde. Sur sa page -Tunisian Universities and Colleges by location, Universités et Ecoles supérieures tunisiennes – l’Université de Sfax se classe 1ère sur les 32 établissements d’enseignement supérieur – Universités, facultés, instituts et écoles supérieures – figurant sur […]

The post Classement uniRank 2017 des Universités et Ecoles supérieures tunisiennes appeared first on highlights.com.tn.


          Tunisino "novarese" vicino all'Isis   

Isis e terrorismo: due provvedimenti di espulsione firmati dal ministro dell'Interno Marco Minniti riguardano  un tunisino 53enne, residente da tempo in provincia di Novara, e un marocchino 50enne, rintracciato nel capoluogo di Torino lo scorso 15 giugno. Entrambi sono stati allontanati dal territorio italiano "per motivi di pericolosità sociale" e la  notizia è stata confermata dal Viminale. Come spiegato in una nota diffusa dagli Interni, "il cittadino tunisino, residente regolarmente in provincia di Novara, aveva manifestato un'ingiustificata insofferenza verso l'Italia e l'Occidente". L'uomo era stato segnalato dai servizi di Intelligence per la sua deriva radicale sotto il profilo religioso ed era "noto negli ambienti che frequentava come soggetto aggressivo e facilmente irritabile". I successivi approfondimenti da parte della Digos hanno fatto emergere che l'uomo "aveva precedenti per reati comuni, tra cui maltrattamenti in famiglia, era effettivamente un soggetto incline alla violenza. Il tunisino è risultato, inoltre, essere in contatto con due estremisti islamici, uno già espulso con decreto del ministro dell'Interno nel 2015 per motivi di sicurezza, e l'altro deceduto nel 2011 in un conflitto a fuoco con le forze di sicurezza tunisine". Il 53enne è stato "rimpatriato con accompagnamento nel suo Paese di provenienza con un volo diretto a Tunisi, decollato dalla frontiera aerea di Malpensa". Il marocchino di 50 anni, con precedenti di polizia per reati comuni, era diventato "il principale referente nella città di Torino di un cittadino libico, presunto estremista sospettato di aver introdotto esplosivi in Gran Bretagna per la realizzazione di progetti terroristici. Il marocchino espulso era stato, inoltre, segnalato anche in altro contesto quale terminale in Italia di una rete criminale dedita a favorire l'ingresso di elementi contigui allo Stato Islamico provenienti dalla Libia - fa sapere il Viminale -. Entrato in Italia nel 2007 con visto per lavoro subordinato e resosi irreperibile dal 2011, è stato rintracciato a Torino lo scorso 15 giugno e accompagnato presso il Centro per rimpatri ed espulso con accompagnamento in Marocco". Con i due estremisti accompagnati in Tunisia e Marocco, sale a 57 il numero di soggetti espulsi dall'inizio dell'anno, 189 dal gennaio 2015.


          Watch on BBC World News: eight-part series based on UNESCO’s "General History of Africa" book collection   

in_focus_gha_zeinab_badawi.jpg

© BBC World News

Zeinab Badawi delves into the history of Africa for a brand new, eight-part series on BBC World News. The continent of Africa has a long, complex history, and its people built civilizations which rivalled those that existed anywhere else in the world. However, much of the continent’s history is not widely known, and what we are presented with often projects a distorted and partial picture. Sudan-born Zeinab travels to all four corners of Africa, interviewing African historians, archaeologists, and citizens whose accounts and stories paint a vivid picture of their continent's past and how it informs their present lives. It is a series that will inform, educate and entertain - Africa’s history told by Africans themselves.

 

Episodes

BBC World TV: Transmission dates (GMT)

   

1) Mother Africa

In the first episode Zeinab Badawi travels across the continent, examining the origins of humankind and how and why we evolved in Africa. During her journey Zeinab is granted rare access to the genuine bones of one of the most iconic discoveries in the field of palaeontology: Lucy in Ethiopia, or as she is known in Amharic ‘Dinkenesh' - which means 'you are marvellous’! Zeinab also spends time with a unique tribe in Tanzania, who provide insight into how we have lived, for most of our history, as hunter-gatherers. She also looks at what distinguishes us from the animal world and makes us human.

Sat 1st July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 2nd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

2) Cattle, crops and Iron

Zeinab Badawi continues her journey through the history of human development, travelling to meet the Masai of East Africa where she explains how humans began to domesticate animals and become pastoralists; in Zimbabwe, Zeinab visits one lively farming family and examines how we became settled and began to live from farming. She also looks at how the Iron Age transformed life in Africa and paved the way for the development of rich urban civilisations.

Sat 8th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 9th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

3) Gift of the Nile

Zeinab Badawi’s quest to uncover the history of Africa takes her to Egypt, where she explores the most famous civilisation on the continent – the ancient Egyptians. Zeinab takes you beyond the usual coverage of the pharaohs and asks first who the ancient Egyptians actually were? What was their ethnicity? What made such a great civilisation possible? How did they order their society, and what were their values?

Sat 15th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 16th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

4) The Kingdom of Kush

In the fourth episode, Zeinab Badawi travels to the country of her birth and the very region of her forefathers: northern Sudan, where she sheds light on a little know aspect of ancient African history: the Kingdom of Kush. Its kings ruled for many hundreds of years and indeed in the eighth century BC, they conquered and governed Egypt for the best part of 100 years. Furthermore Kush was an African superpower, its influence extended to the modern day Middle East. Zeinab shows you some of the best preserved of Sudan’s s 1,000 pyramids and explains how some of the customs of Kush have endured to this day.

Sat 22nd July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 23rd July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

5) The Rise of Aksum

Zeinab Badawi travels to the little visited country of Eritrea and neighbouring Ethiopia, to chart the rise of the Kingdom of Aksum. Described as one of the four greatest civilisations of the ancient world, Zeinab examines archaeological remains in both countries dating from many hundreds of years before Christ. She explains how the Kings of Aksum grew rich and powerful from their control of the Red Sea trade and how they were one of the first civilisations that officially embraced Christianity in the 4th century. Also find out why the Queen of Sheba and the Sacred Ark of the Covenant are so critical to the story of Aksum.

Sat 29th July: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 30th July 09:10, 21:10

 

   

6) Kings and Emirs

In the sixth episode, Zeinab Badawi focuses on the fall of the kingdom of Aksum, and how the Christian kings that followed in Aksum’s wake left powerful legacies, especially that of King Lalibela. He is credited with building a complex of rock-hewn churches, which represent amazing feats of engineering. She also charts the arrival of Islam in this part of Africa and how the Christian kings and Muslim emirs co-existed. In the most Muslim of Ethiopia’s cities Harar: she observes the bizarre, long standing tradition of the Hyena Men of Harar.

Sat 5th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 6th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

7) North Africa

In the penultimate episode, Zeinab Badawi’s exploration of Africa’s rich history focuses on North Africa. She goes to Morocco to find out about the original inhabitants of the region - in particular the Berbers or Amazigh - the best known of the people of North Africa. Zeinab visits Carthage in Tunisia and explains who the Carthaginians were. She looks at the great Berber kings and how they managed to retain their influence when North Africa came under Roman rule. Zeinab shows you some of the most extensive and least visited Roman sites in Algeria.

Sat 12th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 13th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

   

8) Pagans and God

In the final episode, Zeinab Badawi examines the role of religion in Africa. To this day tens of millions of Africans are pagans, who worship a pantheon of Gods and venerate their ancestors. And many more millions of Africans incorporate pagan customs into their monotheistic beliefs. Zeinab takes you through the stages of the arrival of monotheism in Africa: first Judaism , then early Christianity and then finally Islam. She charts the rise of the powerful Islamic dynasties of North Africa, that went on to conquer Spain.

Sat 19th Aug: 02:10 (Except North and Latin America, 15:10)

Sun 20th Aug 09:10, 21:10

 

 


          Holiday-Makers Stabbed As Knifeman Goes On Rampage In Popular Tourist Market   
Tourists have been attacked by a knifeman during an attack at a market place in Tunisia. Two female tourists were slashed during the incident, which occurred in the town of Nabeul near Hammamet. The victims are a German mother and... Continue Reading →
          7/1/2017: THE CHATTER: FROM DAY 6 • THE HALF-DOZEN MOST INTERESTING FACTS AND FIGURES BRENT BAMBURY FOUND THIS WEEK   
A coffee table inspired by Princess Leia’s hair buns created by Zaha Hadid Design called the Le- a table retails for $ 17,000 USD. dezeen. com In Tunisia, where women are expected to be virgins at marriage, some are spending $ 400 USD for hymen...
          Congress Considers Banning Tourism to North Korea   

Congress may ban tourism to North Korea next month, so if you want to visit Pyongyang on holiday, you’d better hurry.

Actually, don’t. The Kim family regime has been kidnapping American citizens and using them as leverage against the United States government—what Korean experts call “hostage diplomacy”—for years. And on the off chance you haven’t heard, earlier this month it sent University of Virginia student Otto Warmbier home with a fatal brain injury after first sentencing him to fifteen years of slave labor.

The United States lifted most of the travel restrictions to Cuba last year, finally ending its absurd curtailment of Americans’ freedom of movement. Until then, it was okay to visit Iran, North Korea, Russia and Syria as a tourist. Cuba alone was off limits. There was only one way to resolve that anachronistic contradiction—lift the Cuban travel ban or prohibit tourism to every hostile state in the world. The latter would have been both pointless and draconian, and Congress eased up on the Cuban ban last year shortly before the seemingly immortal Fidel Castro finally keeled over.

Prohibiting American tourism in Cuba was part of the long-standing sanctions package imposed after Castro nationalized American property in the 1950s. The proposed ban to North Korea is being considered for an entirely different reason—because North Korea is dangerous.

Vacationing in Havana has never been dangerous. Depending on where exactly you live, it’s probably less dangerous than staying home. The Castros don’t snatch random tourists out of hotels. And while the island nation has a host of debilitating problems, crime, at least, is not one of them. Cuba is poor and oppressive, but it’s one of the safest countries on earth.  

North Korea is actually dangerous, at least for Americans. “It does sound exotic to go to a Hermit Kingdom,” says one of the bill’s co-sponsor Representative Joe Wilson, (R-SC), “but it's not exotic, it's dangerous and you're dealing with a maniacal society."

Lots of countries are dangerous. Mexico is flooded with American tourists at all times, yet it’s the second-most violent country in the world after Syria. You can go to Syria, though, if you really want to. (Don’t.) You are also free to visit crime-ridden Venezuela. You can go to Iraq. (I went seven times.) You can go to Somalia. You can climb Mount Everest, which is even more likely to kill you. Earlier this month, Alex Honnold free climbed the near-vertical face of El Capitan in Yosemite National Park without a rope. If you want to put your ass on the line for adventure and kicks, have at it. It’s not the government’s business.

At least it usually isn’t. Congress could argue that it is the government’s business if North Korean authorities yank you off your plane at the airport so they can use you as a bargaining chip. The Israeli government bans its citizens from travel to Lebanon for a similar reason. Hezbollah likes to kidnap Israelis and swap them. In 2008, Israel released five Lebanese prisoners, including the convicted child-murderer Samir Kuntar. In exchange, Hezbollah returned the mutilated bodies of Ehud Goldwasser and Eldad Regev. Israelis can and do visit other Arab countries like Tunisia, Morocco, Jordan, Egypt and Oman, but heading to Lebanon puts the entire country at risk, so it’s outlawed.

But that’s not why Congress is mulling a travel ban to North Korea. No, this is about keeping us safe. It’s more like the seatbelt law than Israel’s travel ban to Hezbollahland. It won’t even have the unintended side effect of preventing the Kim regime from using American hostages as weapons against the rest of us because the bill has a loophole. If you want to go there for a reason other than tourism, the Treasury Department will give you a permit. So when—not not if—Kim Jong-Un wants more hostages, he’ll just grab permitted travelers rather than tourists.

Unless the government thinks it’s right and proper to ban tourism in countries just because they are dangerous (which would logically begin with Syria and move directly to Mexico), Congress would be wise to drop this.

OG Image: 

           German mother and daughter stabbed in Tunisian town    
A German mother and her daughter, 27, were stabbed in Nabeul (pictured), near Hammamet beach resort, today. A spokesman for the health ministry said they were 'out of danger'.
          7/1/2017: BRAIN TEASER: YESTERDAY’S CRYPTIC SOLUTION   
Across: 7 Icons; 8 Leopard; 9 Turns in; 10 Ridge; 12 Right way up; 15 Shake hands; 18 Defer; 19 Tunisia; 21 Grimace; 22 Swede. Down: 1 Distressed; 2 Worry; 3 Asps; 4 Clinch; 5 Borrowed; 6 Maydays; 11 Esplanades; 13 Ice-cream; 14 Mayfair; 16 Anthem; 17...
          The Power of the Body: Analyzing the Logic of Law and Social Change in the Arab Spring   
Under conditions of extreme social and political injustice—when human rights are most threatened—rational arguments rooted in the language of human rights are often unlikely to spur reform or to ensure government adherence to citizens’ rights. When those entrusted with securing human dignity, rights, and freedoms fail to do so, and when other actors—such as human rights activists, international institutions, and social movements—fail to engage the levers of power to eliminate injustice, then oppressed and even quotidian actors may resort to non-traditional tactics of resistance. One example of these radical modes is the use of the corporeal body as a means of protest. The use of the human body to make political argument may catalyze legal, social, and cultural change where rational arguments fail. This Article examines the power of the human body in spurring political and legal action. It analyzes the 2010 self-immolation of Tarek Mohammad Bouazizi in Tunisia, which sparked an unprecedented wave of protests across Arab countries, leading to what came to be known as the “Arab Spring.” It suggests that when human rights-based arguments are exhausted, space is created for alternative strategies of resistance. Mobilized and deployed as tools of resistance, human bodies become the argument.
          Kita berdiri di pihak yang mana?   
Salam 2.6 Bilion..
 
Sebagai rakyat Malaysia bangsa melayu, sedikit sebanyak aku terpandang, terdengar juga apa yang berlaku sehari dua yang lepas.... 

Cuma aku nak quote waktu pengulongan PAU oleh Mat 2.6 Billion..



 Aku sendiri pun dengar seperti mana yang ditulis oleh macai-macainya tu... 

Mungkinkah dengan ucapan-ucapan yang diselang selikan dgn bahasa arab maka Najib dah bersih dari segala dosa yang ia lakukan?...

Cuma duk teringat soalan dari Bang Mat Sabu,,, Siapalah yang tukang tulis ucapan Mat 2.6 Billion tu..

Terbaca satu komen atau pendapat yang menusuk kalbu buat umat melayu,, 

Kita berdiri di pihak yang mana?
 
Dr Awang Mat Puteh
13 Disember 2015
APABILA berbicara mengenai kemiskinan, terutamanya kedaifan ekonomi orang Melayu, kita lebih tertumpu terhadap kemiskinan fizikal, iaitu dari segi wang ringgit dan harta.

Justeru bajet negara, mahupun pelbagai rancangan pembangunan, lebih tertumpu kepada menghapuskan kadar kemiskinan, baik di desa mahupun di bandar. Data menunjukkan kita telah berjaya dalam usaha murni ini, malah pencapaian kita adalah antara yang terbaik di dunia.

Namun, kemiskinan tidak boleh dilihat hanya dari satu dimensi. Kemiskinan bukan sahaja merujuk kepada kekurangan harta, tetapi lebih penting lagi, adalah kemiskinan jiwa dan cita-cita. Hal ini telah digariskan oleh Pendeta Zaaba dalam rencana ‘The Poverty of the Malays’ yang ditulis hampir sembilan dekad lalu. Jika ini dijadikan kayu ukur, kita telah gagal. Kemiskinan sebegini masih lagi tebal membelenggu kaum Melayu, ataupun lebih tepat lagi, terutamanya, golongan yang kaya dan terpelajar.

Adakah kaum Melayu telah atau berupaya memerdekakan diri dari penjajahan minda dan jiwa? Jawapannya jelas, tidak.

Malah, tidak keterlaluan jika diusulkan bahawa kemiskinan dari segi akhlak dan moral kini berada di tahap kronik. Berdasarkan tindak balas kaum Melayu terhadap isu urus tadbir semasa, ia merudum jatuh ke tahap yang terburuk dalam sejarah.

Tidak pernah terjadi dalam sejarah tanah air, baik sebelum mahupun selepas kemerdekaan, di mana pemimpin yang dicemari pelbagai skandal dan jelik akhlaknya masih dijunjung tinggi melangit. Pemimpin sebegini, seperti diungkapkan oleh tokoh falsafah agung negara, Almarhum Profesor Syed Husin Alatas, adalah pemimpin yang ‘jadong’, iaitu pemimpin yang jahat, bodoh dan sombong dan dipandu cita bencana. Malangnya, bukan hanya pemimpin sebegini masih disanjung dan dipuji, malah mereka yang mengkritik akan dicerca, dihukum malah diheret ke mahkamah.

Yang lebih menghairankan lagi, rata-rata rakyat marhaen masih lagi berpeluk tubuh diam membisu. Mengapa miskin sekali jiwa dan minda mereka?

Mengapa orang Melayu zaman moden yang hebat-hebat dan bijak pandai belaka ini, pada hakikatnya papa kedana, mundur pemikiran dan miskin nilai-nilai luhur dan mulia? Apakah orang Melayu juga miskin keberanian?

Adakah mereka tidak pernah memberontak terhadap pemimpin yang zalim? Adakah hanya rakyat negara lain atau bangsa lain sahaja yang berani?

Lihatlah sendiri bagaimana pemimpin-pemimpin yang mengaut kekayaan untuk diri sendiri akhirnya tumbang dengan tragik seperti mana yang berlaku kepada Hosni Mubarak di Mesir, Shah Reza di Iran, Ferdinand Marcos di

Filipina, Ben Ali di Tunisia. Banyak lagi kisah sebegini, banyak juga pemimpin yang dibunuh mahupun terpaksa hidup dalam buangan.

Adakah pemberontakan terhadap kezaliman bukannya budaya Melayu? Tidak sama sekali. Pemimpin Melayu zaman dahulu seperti Datuk Maharajela di Perak, Tok Janggut dan Mat Kilau, dan ramai lagi, tidak dicengkam kemiskinan keberanian.

Tapi mengapa sekarang ini, walaupun ramai berpendidikan tinggi, mereka masih miskin dari segi nilai dan tindak-tanduk yang mulia? Mengapa ramai yang diam membisu tanpa suara apabila pemerintah dengan rakus menggadai harta khazanah negara dan menghukum mereka yang tidak bersalah?

Fenomena ini amat menakjubkan terutamanya untuk sebuah negara yang telah melahirkan ramai golongan cerdik pandai Melayu semenjak merdeka.

Tetapi sayang, yang bersuara lantang bukannya teknokrat ataupun sarjana lulusan Oxford, bukannya pula mereka yang kuat menjerit ‘Hidup Melayu’ pada perhimpunan agung tahunan parti politik, tetapi seorang negarawan tua berumur 90 tahun anak kelahiran Alor Setar, dan srikandi muda dari Langkawi.

Di manakah yang lain? Mana para cendekiawan dan golongan elit Melayu yang terkemuka? Mana perginya golongan profesional bertali leher segak dengan baju kemeja Brook Brothers? Mana doktor mahupun peguam yang hebat-hebat belaka dengan kereta BMW dan Mercedes mereka? Mana teguran alim ulama berjubah Arab yang lantang bersyarah siang dan malam di kaca televisyen mengenai Amar Maaruf Nahi Mungkar? Di mana kebijaksanaan para pensyarah dari menara gading tersohor negara?

Bak kata pujangga Indonesia WS Rendra, kita ini berilmu untuk memihak kepada pihak yang mana?

Saya tidak ada jawapannya. Mungkin ramai yang takut. Tetapi persoalannya, apa yang hendak ditakuti? Ingatlah kata novelis agung Indonesia Pramoedya Ananta Toer; dalam hidup kita, cuma satu yang kita punya, iaitu keberanian. Kalau tidak punya itu, lantas apa harga hidup kita ini?

Ingatlah kata pujangga agung Usman Awang; “Anak Melayu, namamu telah diseru, jawablah, sebelum lidahmu jadi bisu”.
* Ini adalah pendapat peribadi penulis sendiri dan tidak semestinya mewakili pandangan Sinar Harian Online.

Sumber : Klik Sini

..
          IDLO and MENA: Regional Consultation on HIV   
17 Feb 2012

Cairo, Egypt - IDLO hosted the Third Regional Consultation on HIV-related Legal Services and Rights, which brought together lawyers and community activists from five countries in the Middle East & North Africa: Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, and Tunisia. 

“Now is the time for the legal profession in the MENA region to show leadership in addressing the challenges of HIV and AIDS,” declared David Patterson, Head of IDLO’s Social Development Programs Unit. “IDLO is committed to helping minorities who are especially vulnerable right now and need lawyers to speak out on health and rights.” 

“This Consultation has provided an opportunity to share the results achieved across the region thanks to grants from IDLO to strengthen and expand HIV-related legal services and rights.” 

IDLO is training lawyers and providing legal advice and representation for people living with HIV and vulnerable communities in the MENA region, which rates poorly on access to treatment for HIV, including anti-retroviral medicines. This conference provided a platform for lawyers and activists to share lessons learned and identify collaborative ways to address future challenges. 

‘We work together like the fingers of a hand,’ said one lawyer from Egypt, describing how the legal teams cooperate with community-based organizations providing HIV counseling and information. 

IDLO support for HIV-related legal services and rights began in Egypt in 2010.

Subprogram: 

          Tunisia and Senegal to co-host FIBA AfroBasket 2017   
FIBA Africa confirmed on Friday night that Tunisia and Senegal will jointly host FIBA AfroBasket 2017 from September 8-16
          Estremismo islamico: espulsi marocchino e tunisino residenti in Piemonte, con precedenti penali   
Sono stati espulsi per motivi di sicurezza dello Stato con un provvedimento firmato dal ministro dell''Interno Marco Minniti. Con i due estremisti accompagnati in Tunisia e Marocco, sale a 57 il numero di soggetti espulsi dall'inizio dell''anno, 189 dal gennaio 2015
          Sullo psicodramma migranti in atto in queste ore.   

E’ bastata la sconfitta a Sesto San Giovanni per far rinsavire il PD sui migranti? Io non ci credo


L’altro giorno auspicavo la chiusura dei porti italiani come una delle misure necessarie per evitare che la tensione sociale già presente nel Paese a causa dell’eccessiva presenza di migranti (sempre negata dal governo) sfociasse in reazione violenta: sembra quasi che il governo legga RischioCalcolato e lo ritenga degno di ascolto. C’è un problema, però: se passi all’offensiva con l’UE sul tema, devi farlo imponendo un atto unilaterale con un ultimatum chiaro, non paventando l’ipotesi come extrema ratio. Altrimenti, succede che la stessa Europa ti faccia notare questo


e tu faccia la solita figura di merda. Mi permetterete, quindi, di spendere ancora qualche parola sullo psicodramma migranti in atto in queste ore. Non più tardi di due settimane fa, l’arrivo nel fine settimana di 2500 clandestini aveva suscitato l’ennesima reazione indignata delle opposizioni al governo, il quale si limitò a un dichiarazione più che flemmatica: siamo pronti ad accogliere fino a 200mila persone quest’anno, non c’è problema. All’epoca del fatto, erano circa 60mila i presunti profughi giunti sulle nostre coste. Come mai questo panico senza precedenti per 12mila persone in quattro giorni, se c’era ancora tanta recettività umanitaria disponibile in seno al sistema Sprar e dell’accoglienza diffusa? Mi faccio intendere: è ovvio che quel numero rappresenta un salto di qualità e paradigma nell’intera questione migranti ma, visto il placido e solidale approccio usato finora dal governo, mi sembra eccessiva la scelta del ministro dell’Interno, Marco Minniti, di far fare marcia indietro all’aereo che lo stava portando in USA per dei convegni.

Ok l’emergenza ma il Viminale ha una struttura e dei funzionari, era proprio necessario la presenza di Minniti a Roma? E per cosa, per partorire quella geniale richiesta di aiuto presentata dal nostro ambasciatore presso l’UE, di fatto trattata come carta igienica dei cosiddetti partner europei? E poi, ancora, più inquietante è stato il cambio di narrativa posto in essere dal procuratore nazionale antimafia e antiterrorismo, Franco Roberti, il quale in pieno bailamme, tanto per abbassare toni, ha dichiarato quanto sue: “Purtroppo sì, gli sbarchi costituiscono una minaccia alla sicurezza nazionale del nostro Paese”. E ancora: “”Negli ultimi anni abbiamo visto infatti più volte che dei migranti arrivati con i cosiddetti barconi intraprendono dei percorsi di radicalizzazione. Ciò è accaduto in almeno due casi, con dei soggetti che hanno realizzato attentati terroristici. Pensiamo solo all’attentatore di Berlino che arrivò a Lampedusa in barcone nel 2011”.

Ma come, fino all’altro giorno l’equazione barcone-Isis era ritenuta una bestemmia xenofoba e adesso è il capo della Procura anti-terrorismo a sostenerla, seppur con toni meno belligeranti di quelli usati da Matteo Salvini? Ma chi cazzo è arrivato nel weekend, un’intera legione dell’Isis? L’intelligence ha notizia di un ingente numero di foreign fighters in fuga da Raqqa e Mosul e intenzionati a tornare in Europa, magari per proseguire qui il jihad, dopo che le difese del Califfato stanno crollando sui fronti caldi mediorientali? Se così fosse, giustamente ci sarebbe riserbo totale sulla vicenda e, quantomeno, tutta questa fretta e questa isteria avrebbero un senso, dopo anni di accoglienza senza limiti. Però stamattina, intervistato a La7, l’ex capo del Sisde, generale Mario Mori, uno che di terrorismo qualcosina ne capisce, ha smontato sul nascere la tesi di Roberti, dicendo chiaro e tondo che un’organizzazione solida e pericolosa come l’Isis (almeno così ce la spacciano da sempre) non rischierebbe mai la vita di un suo operativo addestrato da rimandare in Europa, utilizzando barconi fatiscenti.

Il confine turco, per chi opera in Siria, resta sempre parzialmente aperto, si sa che Recep Erdogan sull’argomento non è proprio granitico. E anche sul caso Amis Amri, l’attentatore di Berlino, la sua radicalizzazione è avvenuta quando era in Italia, non è arrivato da radicalizzato sul barcone dalla Tunisia: nel suo Paese, aveva infatti precedenti da delinquente comune. E poi, anche fosse stato, 1 su 600mila in 3 anni non mi pare possa fare casistica. Il problema è di ordine pubblico e sociale, perché chi arriva qui è al 90% clandestino senza alcun diritto di asilo e va a rifocillare la già ampie schiera della criminalità e del degrado, problemi che la gente vive sulla sua pelle ogni giorno e che preoccupano più dell’Isis. Insomma, al di là dell’ennesimo schiaffo in faccia dell’UE, questo allarmismo senza precedenti del governo fa pensare.
Così come il fatto che la voce più potente e ascoltata in fatto di difesa dei migranti, proprio in queste ore sia sotto pesantissima pressione per le accuse contro il numero tre del Vaticano e responsabile della politica economica, il cardinale George Pell, incriminato per crimini sessuali e posto in congedo dal Papa per potersi difendere: tornerà in Australia ma la bufera sulla Santa Sede, c’è da scommetterci, non si placherà tanto in fretta. Certo, colpire il prefetto per gli Affari economici della Chiesa con accuse vecchie di 30 anni, proprio ora, può far sorgere qualche sospetto di timing (se è colpevole, deve marcire in galera fino alla morte, sia chiaro), magari rispetto alla riforma dello IOR tanto valuta da Papa Francesco e che potrebbe far saltare fuori documenti spiacevoli, così come i covi dell’Isis a Raqqa.

Insomma, sia benvenuta la rivoluzione di attitudine in atto, se servirà quantomeno a limitare gli sbarchi ma i dubbi restano su quanto accaduto realmente questo fine settimana. A partire dalla scelta suicida del governo nei confronti dell’UE, quasi si volesse farsi bocciare l’ultimatum per alzare ancora di più il polverone. Davvero, come riportano alcuni giornali, Minniti starebbe lavorando a un asse con la Merkel sul tema, probabilmente in vista del G20 previsto ad Amburgo a inizio luglio? E se sì, su quali basi, visto che la cancelliera sarà anche stata la paladina delle porte aperte ma, in sede UE, finora non ha mai mosso un dito, affinché all’Italia venisse fornito il supporto di cui ha bisogno e non solo l’elemosina di qualche fondo stanziato in più, come ha fatto ieri la Commissione? Di più, con il voto politico fissato al 24 settembre, davvero Minniti pensa che la Merkel apra a ricollocamenti di massa verso il suo Paese, alienandosi consensi nell’elettorato più di destra, già basiti dall’apertura dell’altro giorno sui matrimoni gay?
Direte voi, riposizionamento del PD verso istanze di destra in vista del voto e dopo la scoppola della amministrative. Ok, ci sta ma così repentino e capace di riservare effetti boomerang come quello sortito a Bruxelles? Tanto più che con la capigruppo che ieri ha rinviato a settembre la discussione sulla legge elettorale, c’è la quasi certezza che si andrà a scadenza naturale per il voto legislativo, quindi primavera 2018? Inoltre, Matteo Renzi è già in netta difficoltà e assediato oggi, se la carta migranti era quella scelta dal resto del suo partito per metterlo in difficoltà. Sarà ma c’ è qualcosa che non torna.

Se poi uniamo il fatto che il 21 giugno scorso, dopo un mese di navigazione, due delle sei corvette ordinate a inizio anni Ottanta dalla marina irachena all’Italia sono giunte a destinazione, con oltre 30 anni di ritardo e in un momento particolarmente sensibile per Baghdad, visto che è di oggi la notizia della liberazione di tutti i quartieri di Mosul dalle sacche di resistenza dell’Isis, il fatto che uno si faccia delle domande, mi pare legittimo. Nel frattempo, anche oggi sbarcheranno 3mila nuove risorse nei porti di Campania e Calabria. E se fossimo di fronte a una prova generale di sgombero del Mediterraneo in previsione di eventi un po’ più gravi che le migrazioni di massa? Ne parliamo presto.
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Poco tempo e in Siria saremo alla guerra totale. Il Mediterraneo trasporterà missili, non più migranti

Questo articolo è la naturale prosecuzione di quello pubblicato qualche ora fa. O meglio, è la naturale prosecuzione dell’ultima frase di quel pezzo: siamo alle prove generali di sgombero del Mediterraneo per questioni più serie degli sbarchi di migranti? Questo pomeriggio, infatti, al vertice preparatorio di Berlino in vista del G20, è andato in onda il più classico dei giochi delle parti. Il nostro premier, Paolo Gentiloni, ha ribadito la necessità di aiuti concreti per l’Italia, sostenuto da Jean-Claude Juncker, il quale ha sottolineato come gli sforzi di Italia e Grecia siano “eroici” e meritino quindi un sostegno reale da parte dell’Unione: addirittura, si è arrivati a prefigurare mosse in tal senso già al vertice dei ministri dell’Interno previsto a Tallin mercoledì prossimo.

Poi, come nella migliore tradizione cinematografica USA della contrapposizione fra “poliziotto cattivo e poliziotto buono”, ecco che Emmanuel Macron spiazza tutti, dicendo che gli aiuti sono vincolati solo alla gestione e all’accoglienza dei richiedenti asilo e non dei migranti economici. Insomma, idillio nato e morto in dieci minuti. Ma così doveva essere, occorre mantenere alta la tensione e aver creato la narrativa nella testa della gente: siamo al bispensiero orwelliano puro, l’importante è che tutti sappiano che la situazione è tale da giustificare, un domani, misure straordinarie nel Mediterraneo. Il tutto senza farsi troppe domande e senza rompere troppo i coglioni, occorre bloccare il flussi. Gli stessi che fino a 96 ore prima del vertice di Berlino erano assolutamente gestibili e non straordinari, a detta in primis proprio del nostro governo. Ma si sa, Marco Minniti stava volando negli USA prima di tornare a Roma in fretta e furia e sancire, con il suo gesto, l’eccezionalità della situazione: certamente, avrà chiamato Washington per avvisare del cambio di programma, essendo una persona educata. E chissà cosa gli avranno detto dall’altra parte della cornetta.

Io sono quasi certo che una guerra totale in Siria tra USA e Russia sia inevitabile. E, soprattutto, alle porte. Basta aver seguito il dialogo Washington-Mosca delle ultime 48 ore per capirlo, a meno che non ci troviamo di fronte a un’enorme Yalta 2.0 che necessita di arrivare al punto di non ritorno prima di sedersi a un tavolo e discutere: non è la mia versione dei fatti, ve lo dico subito. Attualmente, nello stesso Mediterraneo di cui si sta discutendo per la questione migranti, staziona la portaerei USS George H. W. Bush, oltre ad altri quattro mezzi navali operativi d’appoggio, in modalità ufficiale di pattugliamento. La flotta è dotata di missile Tomahawk, in grado di proteggere i jet eventualmente dislocati in missione operativa contro obiettivi siriani, senza contare gli altri velivoli operativi nell’area in missione anti-Isis e pronti a unirsi a un attacco.

A creare timore in tal senso, ovviamente, è stata la minaccia avanzata lunedì dalla Casa Bianca: sappiamo che Assad sta preparando un altro attacco chimico, se lo farà si prepari a pagare un prezzo molto alto. E se mercoledì, a margine di un meeting NATO a Bruxelles, il generale Mattis ha detto spocchioso che “sembra che Assad abbia capito bene l’avvertimento, non farà sciocchezze”, nelle stesse ore la CNN rilanciava le dichiarazioni anonime di due ufficiali del Pentagono, in base alle quali alcuni membri dell’esercito russo avrebbero visitato la base aerea di Shayrat (quella colpita dai Tomahawk ad aprile) lo stesso giorno, soffermandosi particolarmente nel sopralluogo di alcune aree usate proprio dai militari di Mosca: “E’ altamente probabile che abbiano visitato un hangar un tempo destinato allo stoccaggio di armi chimiche”, avrebbero confermato alla CNN.
In tutta risposta, come mostra questa foto,

il presidente siriano Assad ha visitato la base aerea russa di Latakia, in Siria, quasi una risposta diretta alla minaccia di Washington: della serie, le spalle le ho ben coperte. Ed è vero, perché tra ieri e oggi il ministero degli Esteri russo ha parlato. Molto, rispetto ai propri standard. E ha inviato messaggi inequivocabili. Il vice-ministro, Gennady Gatilov, ha infatti dichiarato che “riteniamo inaccettabile la mnaccia americana, un violazione della sovranità siriana, senza alcun presupposto di necessità militare. E’ un’azione provocatoria e incendiaria. Non escludo che possano esserci delle provocazioni legate a questa scelta, la quale è basata sull’assenza totale di prove. Un completo non-sense”.

Parole che hanno seguito quelle del titolare degli Esteri, Serghei Lavrov, il quale ha dichiarato che “consideriamo queste insinuazioni sulle armi chimiche un qualcosa che fa riferimento alla peggior tradizione dell’intervento NATO del 2003 in Iraq, un invito esplicito a terroristi, estremisti e gruppi armati in Siria a dar vita a un’altra provocazione su larga scala, la quale risulterà fondamentale per portare a termine l’inevitabile punizione del presidente Assad, in base ai piani di Washington. Sono molto chiaro al riguardo, la Russia risponderà appropriatamente e difendendo la sua dignità di nazione a qualsiasi azione o provocazione USA in Siria”.

E tanto per far capire che questa volta non si scherza, la portavoce del ministro degli Esteri, Maria Zakharova, è andata oltre: “Sicuramente c’è un nuovo tipo di intelligence in atto al riguardo, pensiamo che la provocazione sia già stata preparata. E pensiamo che le località prescelte potrebbero essere Saraqib e Ariha, nel Nord-Ovest della provincia di Idlib. Il comunicato della Casa Bianca di lunedì è un lasciapassare per un nuovo intervento, quasi il suo annuncio”. Parole pesanti, quasi come quelle dell’altro alleato di Assad, l’Iran. Il segretario del Consiglio supremo di Sicurezza nazionale, Ali Shamkhani, ha infatti dichiarato che “i comportamenti incauti e avventurosi degli Stati Uniti in Siria sono esempi chiari di chi sta giocando con il fuoco”, sollecitando poi un’indagine dell’Organizzazione per la proibizione delle armi chimiche (OPAC): “Se sono sinceri, dimostrino la veridicità delle accuse”.
Ma queste cartina,

parla più di mille dichiarazioni: negli ultimi due giorni l’attività di spionaggio USA in Siria è aumentata in maniera inusuale, proprio in corrispondenza delle visite incrociate di siriani e russi alle rispettive basi aeree. A confermare movimenti lungo la costa orientale della Siria, i segnali dei monitor ADS-B che hanno tracciato i movimenti di velivoli RC-135 Rivet Joint e P-8 Poseidon della Marina statunitense. La maggior parte dell’attività era in perfetta corrispondenza con il momento in cui Bashar al-Assad posava sorridente su un Sukhoi a Latakia, il 27 giugno. Quest’altro tracciato,

ci mostra invece qualcosa di forse ancora più interessante: ovvero il dispiegamento a partire dal 22 giugno, quando ha lasciato la base della RAF di Mildenhall, di un WC-135 Constant Phoenix in direzione Mar Nero, sopra la Romania, dove il sistema di segnalazione radio “Lando 90” lo ha captato il 26 giugno. Il soprannome di quel velivolo è “nuke sniffer”, ovvero una specie di cane antidroga dei cieli ma capace di captare particelle nucleari e attività radioattiva. Siamo al “dispiegamento preventivo”, nell’attesa che il famoso attacco con armi chimiche da parte di Assad o dei russi avvenga? Tanto più che i sensori di cui è dotato possono captare sostanze chimiche nell’area dell’attacco anche giorni o settimane dopo che questo è avvenuto (o, come nel nostro caso, è stato fatto avvenire). Tutte coincidenze?
Forse ma, quando come oggi pomeriggio, il segretario generale della NATO, Jens Stoltenberg (nomen omen), risponde così a una domanda relativa all’attacco hacker dell’altro giorno, qualche dubbio sovviene: “La NATO pronta a intervenire in caso di cyber attacco contro uno dei suoi membri. Stiamo rafforzando le difese informatiche di entrambe le reti dell’Alleanza ma stiamo anche aiutando i membri a rafforzare le proprie difese informatiche. Stiamo studiando in che modo possiamo integrare le loro capacità. Abbiamo anche deciso che un cyber attacco possa attivare l’articolo 5”. Ovvero, l’articolo riguardo la mutua assistenza fra Stati membri, in caso uno di essi velga colpito. Ma guarda. In compenso, questo tweet,



ci mostra come gli attacchi hacker possano rivelarsi alleati straordinari del warfare, il moltiplicatore bellico-industriale del Pil. E, per completezza di informazione, ecco cosa ha dichiarato ieri Vladimir Putin in un discorso alla televisione di Stato russa, i cui contenuti sono stati riportati da Bloomberg: “In generale, la crescente attività di servizi speciali stranieri contro la Russia e i suoi alleati è ovvia. Ci sono operazioni per influenzare i processi politici e sociali interni della nostra nazione”. Tana per Alexei Navalny? Stranamente, mentre Putin parlava al suo popolo, il Pentagono pubblicava un report di 116 pagine intitolato “Russia Military Power”, il repubblicano Adam Smith rendeva noto un “national security manifesto” contro la minaccia del “putinismo, una filosofia dittatoriale” e il senatore democratico della Virginia, Mark Warner, si esprimeva in questi termini pacati: “L’obiettivo della Russia è di seminare caos e confusione, di aizzare discordia interna e minare la democrazia quando possibile, oltre che gettare ombre sugli stessi processi democratici, dove questi esistono”.

Capito perché tanta tensione nel Deep State, temono che qualcuno gli rubi il lavoro. Ancora convinti che a Washington non stia operando la versione 2.0 della Commissione Creel? Scherzi a parte, o siamo in pieno a Yalta 2.0 o è una guerra. E se sarà la seconda, il Mediterraneo trasporterà missili, non più migranti. Siate pronti. E scusate per la lunghezza dell’articolo.
Sono Mauro Bottarelli, Seguimi su Twitter! Follow @maurobottarelli
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          7/1/2017: THE CHATTER: FROM DAY 6 • THE HALF-DOZEN MOST INTERESTING FACTS AND FIGURES BRENT BAMBURY FOUND THIS WEEK   
A coffee table inspired by Princess Leia’s hair buns created by Zaha Hadid Design called the Le- a table retails for $ 17,000 USD. dezeen. com In Tunisia, where women are expected to be virgins at marriage, some are spending $ 400 USD for hymen...
           [ANALISA] Ketegangan Kawasan Timur Tengah: AMBISI SANG PANGERAN MUDA ?    




Ketegangan Kawasan Timur Tengah: Ambisi Sang Pangeran Muda

Oleh: Ahmad Dzakirin
(Pengamat Timteng)

Apakah Ikhwanul Muslimin menjadi faktor determinan dibalik memburuknya hubungan Qatar dengan Arab Saudi dan sekutunya?

Seiring naik tahtanya Raja Salman bin Abdul Aziz, Arab Saudi sebenarnya mulai melunak terhadap Ikhwanul Muslimin (IM). Arab Saudi mulai berkepentingan merangkul IM karena konstelasi regional dan perubahan sikap Mesir. Doktrinnya, "enemy of my enemy is friend".

Raja baru ini (Salman) mengundang pemimpin politik Hamas, Khalid Meshaal (Juli 2015) ke Mekkah dan mengundang ketua Hizb An Nahdhah (Partai IM Tunisia), Rasyid Ghanoussi ( September 2016) beribadah haji setelah 9 tahun visanya dibekukan Arab Saudi karena alasan politik. Sementara di dalam negeri, Raja Salman membuat beberapa kebijakan yang dianggap sebagai pelonggaran tekanan terhadap kalangan yang dituduh bersimpati terhadap Ikhwan. Pengadilan Saudi (Maret 2017) menonaktifkan dekan sebuah perguruan tinggi karena menuduh mahasiswanya menjadi anggota Ikhwanul Muslimin.

LALU Mengapa terjadi perubahan political rapprochement?

Ada setidaknya dua faktor domestik dan internasional yang mendorong perubahan tersebut. Pertama, trajectory domestik sang raja yang berkaitan dengan pengangkatan anaknya, Muhammad bin Salmansebagai wakil Putra Mahkota. Kedua, terpilihnya Donald Trump sebagai presiden AS. Naiknya Trump dianggap sebagai katalisator kepentingan Saudi dan sekutunya serta semakin mendekatkan ambisi sang calon raja.

David Hearst, redaktur senior Guardian adalah termasuk jurnalis yang pertama kali membaca arah kebijakan domestik Saudi. Sang Raja sejak awal terbaca jelas hendak mendudukkan anaknya menjadi calon raja setelah sebelumnya memecat saudara beda ibu, pangeran Muqrin bin Abdul Azis (3/2015) sebagai putera mahkota dan menggantikannya dengan Muhammad bin Nayef, namun pada saat bersamaan mendudukkan puteranya, Muhammad bin Salman sebagai wakil putera mahkota.

Namun problemnya, sang pangeran ini masih terlampau muda dan sangat minim pengalaman. Sementara pesaingnya, Muhammad bin Nayef yang dijuluki "Prince of Dark" adalah sosok senior dan sejak lama disukai oleh Pentagon dan komunitas intelejen AS karena jasanya dalam perang anti teror. Repotnya, pangeran (Muhammad Bin Salman) yang baru berusia 31 tahun berburu waktu karena kondisi sang ayah (Raja Salman) yang telah udzur dan sakit-sakitan. Setidaknya, ada tiga pilar politik yang mempengaruhi suksesi kepemimpinan di Arab Saudi: restu Amerika, persetujuan para pemimpin agama, dan dukungan rakyat.

Disinilah, masuknya peran dan pengaruh sosok Muhammad bin Zayid (Uni Emirat Arab/UAE), otak dibalik kontra Arab Spring yang menjungkalkan kekuasaan Muhammad Mursi (Mesir). Melalui dukungan sebuah lembaga PR (Public Relation) AS Burson-Marsteller, konsertasi "mission impossible" untuk mengatrol karir dan citra sang anak (Muhammad Bin Salman) dimulai.

Muhammad bin Zayid (UEA), dengan dukungan lembaga think tank pro Zionis melobi Washington, memperkenalkan Bin Salman, jebolan universitas dalam negeri dan minim jaringan internasional ini dengan pelbagai media AS dan secara khusus mendekatkannya dengan Jared Kushner, menantu Trump yang menjabat utusan khusus AS untuk Timur Tengah. Kushner adalah seorang Yahudi fanatik yang menjadi tokoh penting di balik perluasan permukiman illegal Israel di Palestina.

Dalam politik, dikenal adagium tidak ada makan siang gratis. Ada harga politik yang harus dibayar sang pangeran ambisius (Muhammad Bin Salman) untuk menjadi putera mahkota (yang saat itu adalah Wakil Putra Mahkota). Dan tentu sudah dapat ditebak, harga itu ada dibalik kepentingan politik Bin Zayid (UEA) dan kelompok pro Zionis yang sangat memusuhi Ikhwanul Muslimin, Hamas dan negara yang dianggap berada di belakang kedua kelompok itu, Qatar dan Iran.

Hubungan Saudi dan Israel sebenarnya telah dimulai pada era mendiang Raja Abdullah ketika Saudi memberikan persetujuan penggunaan wilayah udaranya untuk pesawat tempur Israel yang berencana mengembom instalasi nuklir Iran pada 2010 dan sebelumnya pertemua rutin aparat intelejen di kedua belah pihak. Bagi Israel, Hamas dan Iran adalah ancaman eksistensial.

Duta besar Arab Saudi, Muhammad bin Nawwaf bin Abdul Azis mengisyaratkan adanya kerjasama tidak resmi antara Saudi dengan Israel. Melalui pers rilisnya sebagai bantahan atas dakwaan David Hearst bahwa Saudi mendukung Israel dalam Perang Gaza 2014, Ben Nawwaf menyatakan jika ada kerjasama Israel dengan Saudi maka kerjasama tersebut dilakukan dalam konteks rencana perdamaian. Sebaliknya, Israel memuji peran Arab Saudi sebagai penjamin stabilitas kemananTimur Tengah Pasca Arab Spring.

Dalam tahun yang sama, mantan kepala intelejen Arab Saudi, Turki bin Faishal menulis kolom di Harian Israel, Haaretz yang menyerukan adanya perdamaian antara Israel dan negara-negara Teluk sebagai upaya menyelesaikan konflik Israel-Palestina.

Namun hubungan tersebut mencapai hubungan yang lebih hangat seiring berkelindannya kepentingan regional Bin Zayid (UEA) dan persepsi ancaman Iran dalam politik domestik Saudi. Hubungan antara pelobi kedua negara secara intens dilakukan di Washington. Disusul kunjungan misi diplomatik tidak resmi Arab Saudi ke Israel yang dipimpin pensiunan Jendral, Anwar Eshki bersama rombongan pengusaha dan akademisi.

Beberapa saat setelah pemutusan hubungan dengan Qatar, TV Israel, Channel 2 mewawancarai secara langsung direktur lembaga riset Timur Tengah di Riyadh, Abdul Hameed Hakim dan menjadi wawancara pertama dalam sejarah Israel. Dalam sistem totalitarian, pelbagai political rapprochement(upaya pendekatan kedua belah pihak) di Saudi tidak mungkin dilakukan tanpa sepengetahuan dan restu kerajaan.

Dalam konteks ini, naiknya sang pangeran muda (Muhammad Bin Salman) dengan reformasi dalam negeri dan kebijakan kawasan yang agresif merefleksikan perpaduan dari segitiga persekutuan kepentingan. Persepsi ancaman domestik Saudi pada satu sisi, emir Emirat Arab dan Saudi di sisi lain dan diatas itu, Israel dan AS (baca: Donald Trump). Payung kamuflatif yang dibutuhkan bagi kampanye anti Qatar, tidak peduli seberapun lemah argumen yang dikonstruksikan adalah perang melawan terorisme dan negara sponsor terorisme.

Bukan suatu kebetulan, jika formulasi kepentingan yang berkelindan itu ada dalam demonisasi Ikhwanul Muslimin dan Hamas pada satu sisi dan Qatar dan Iran pada sisi lain. Dan bukan kebetulan pula, jika "Fadhilatus Syeikh" Donald Trump, tokoh anti Islam dalam pidatonya di Riyadh menyebut secara
spesifik Hamas masuk dalam daftar teroris dan di dalam negeri, hendak mengajukan ratifikasi UU pelarangan Ikhwanul Muslimin. Sementara di waktu yang hampir bersamaan, Israel menyebut Saudi bersama negara-negara Sunni, kecuali Qatar berada dalam satu perahu kepentingan dengan negara Zionis tersebut.

Juga bukan juga suatu kebetulan, jika Turki kemudian mendukung Qatar dan mengirimkan pasukannya ke negara kecil itu di saat hubungan Turki dan Saudi dalam kondisi bagus. Erdogan sepenuhnya memahami bahwa ujung dari persekutuan anti Qatar itu sebenarnya Turki sendiri, yang menjadi pelindung utama Ikhwanul Muslimin dan Hamas.Tidak lama berselang, Mesir menuntut persekutuan tersebut mencakup juga blockade atas Turki dan sebagai proses, tuntutan tersebut masuk dalam 13 daftar tuntutan mereka, yakni Turki segera hengkang dari Qatar.

Di dalam negeri, masih ada faktor yang harus dikendalikan, yakni opini rakyat dan kalangan ulama. Melalui tiga posisi strategis yang digenggamnya, Menteri Pertahanan, Menteri Ekonomi dan Menteri, maka Bin Salman melakukan kampanye udara menggempur basis-basis pemberontak Houthi di Yaman yang didukung Iran. Kejatuhan Sana’a di tangan pemberontak Houthi dan khawatirnya adanya pergolakan dari 15 persen pemeluk Syiah di provinsi sebelah timur pasca digantungnya ulama syiah, Syeikh Nimr Baqr al Nimr pada 2016.

Problemnya, di luar skenario, Sang Pangeran (Muhammad Bin Salman) tidak kunjung menjadi sosok pahlawan diharapkan. Perang tidak kunjung berhenti seperti yang diprediksikan, namun sebaliknya rakyat Yaman menjadi korbannya. Cadangan devisa terkuras, ibukota Sana’a dan separuh Yaman masih tetap dikuasai pemberontak. Repotnya, Houthi beberapa kali sukses melakukan serangan lintas perbatasan Saudi. Setelah melalui proses yang pelik, akhirnya Pakistan bersedia mengirim pasukannya untuk melindungi wilayah perbatasan selatan Saudi.


Di luar perang, Sang Pangeran meluncurkan serangkaian reformasi ekonomi dengan visi 2030-nya, yang mencakup pengetatan anggaran, diversifikasi dan privatisasi ekonomi serta pelonggaran kebijakan konservatif. Selain memotong biaya kesejahteraan, Bin Salman akan menjual saham perusahaan minyak Aramco dan mencabut mandat penahanan oleh Polisi Syariah. Dia menjanjikan pembangunan infrastruktur dan sarana hiburan di dalam negeri untuk mencegah larinya warga Saudi yang keluar negeri untuk bersenang-senang.

Dalam konteks ini, liberalisasi ekonomi dan sosial Saudi sang Pangeran dipandang sebagai upaya memuluskan jalan dukungan AS dan Barat pada satu sisi dan di sisi lain, menangguk suara kalangan muda yang gerah atas kebijakan sosial keagamaan yang dipandang serba mengekang. Seperti yang diduga, hampir semua media terkemuka AS secara eksklusif menampilkan Muhammad bin Salman sebagai sosok pembaharu Saudi di usianya yang masih belia dan di dalam negeri, dia mendapatkan dukungan kalangan muda.

Ini artinya, konsolidasi dua dari tiga pilar bagi transformasi kekuasaan, restu AS dan dukungan rakyat, terutama kalangan muda telah didapatkan. Satu pilar, kekuasaan ulama masih dibawah genggaman Bin Nayef, hanya saja, otoritas kekuasaan yang diberikan kekuasaan sang ayah secara efektif melucuti kekuasaan sepupunya. Dia melucuti otoritas polisi Syariah untuk menahan, melonggarkan beberapa larangan terkait penyelenggaraan hiburan dan ijin mengemudi buat perempuan.

Dalam pengendalian tersebut, Bin Salman meneruskan kebijakan pendahulunya bahwa ulama harus mendukung pemerintah tanpa syarat serta tidak boleh campur tangan dalam urusan pemerintahan dan politik luar negeri. Seperti tindakan keras terhadap kalangan ulama muda kritis yang tergabung dalam gerakan al Shahwa al Islamiyyah pasca Perang Teluk 1 dan kemudian merangkulnya kembali setelah melunak, kini dia menggunakan strategi serupa terhadap para ulama di dalam negeri yang kritis dan bersimpati terhadap Ikhwan pasca kudeta Mesir, yakni intimidasi dan ancaman pemenjaraan.

Muhammad al Arifi, ulama Saudi yang memiliki jutaan pengikut di facebook dan twitter ini –misalnya- ditahan aparat Saudi setelah mengkritik rejim junta militer Mesir (As-Sisi). Sepanjang itu pula, ulama kritis ini beberapa kali ditahan, termasuk yang mutakhir, ditahan 2 hari dan disita paspornya sebelum kemudian dilepas kembali setelah keluar twitnya yang mengecam Qatar dan beredar foto dirinya yang sedang tersenyum bersama sang pangeran.

Jadi dalam konteks ini, beredarnya pelbagai twit dan tulisan para ulama Saudi, berikut para pengembiranya di Indonesia yang mengecam Ikhwanul Muslimin tidak lebih dari demonisasi (memburukan citra, menjadikan IM sebagai "demon"/setan/hantu) yang dibutuhkan karena kartu truf ini sedang dimainkan Sang Pangeran. Kartu truf ini sama persis dengan kartu-kartu truf yang pernah digunakan sebelumnya dalam melawan Ikhwan di Perang Teluk 1 (1990), pasca kudeta Mesir (2013) dan yang terbaru, melayani ambisi sang pangeran dalam memenuhi tuntutan sekutu politiknya.

Jika kemudian arsip-arsip tuduhan terhadap Ikhwanul Muslimin dibuka kembali, maka kita tidak akan melihat perbedaan akar dan sumber tuduhan tersebut di sepanjang 3 dekade lamanya. Ikhwanul Muslimin dari dulu hingga sekarang dipotret sebagai gerakan Islam yang bermasalah secara akidah. Sepeninggal ulama karismatik, Syeikh Abdul Azis bin Baz dan Shalih Utsaimin, pandangan ulama dilihat dalama 100 persen kepentingan kerajaan. Bagi kalangan Salafi, tuduhan terhadap Ikhwan diharapkan secara telak dapat menjadi jurus pamungkas untuk mengakhiri perdebatan eksistensi kelompok Islam ini. Takfirikah?

Jadi Ikhwanul Muslimin adalah sejenis hantu yang akan selalu menjadi tumbal atas motif dan kepentingan politik kerajaan, namun sebaliknya dirangkul ketika dibutuhkan. Demikian pula, ketika kita melihat relasi Ikhwanul Muslimin dan Arab Saudi. Ikhwanul Muslimin pernah menjadi mediator kepentingan regional Arab Saudi ketika era Raja Faishal pada 1960-an dan perang Afghanistan pada 1980-an, sebelum kemudian didepak karena protes Perang Teluk I pada 1990-an dan selanjutnya, dianggap sebagai ancaman eksistensial.

Dan secara jelas, krisis Teluk pada dasarnya tidak ada sangkut pautnya dengan Ikhwanul Muslimin, Hamas, apalagi isu agama, namun lebih merupakan dampak kolateral dari ambisi merusak sang pangeran muda yang sedang berkonsesi dengan kekuatan kontra Arab Spring. Dan Qatar secara bersama dilihat sebagai ancaman terdekat (imminent threat) persekutuan tersebut karena independensi politik luar negeri Qatar (yang tak bisa dikontrol Saudi cs -red). Dan kurang 3 tahun, ambisi merusak Muhammad bin Salman sebagai raja terpenuhi.

Namun sebagai pelindung 2 tempat suci, monarki Saudi membutuhkan dalih agama untuk membenarkan semua tindakan politik. Dan sialnya, Ikhwanul Muslimin dan Hamas menjadi korbannya.

Semoga Allah SWT mengampuni dosa dan kedunguan kita.


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republished by Yes Muslim - Portal Muslim Terupdate !




          Classement uniRank 2017 des universités et écoles supérieures tunisiennes   
Le site uniRank vient de publier son classement annuel des différentes universités et écoles supérieures dans le monde. Sur sa page –Tunisian Universities and Colleges by location, Universités et Ecoles supérieures tunisiennes –  l’Université de Sfax se classe 1ère sur les 32 établissements d’enseignement supérieur – Universités, facultés, instituts et écoles supérieures – figurant sur […]
          INILAH IDENTITI PEMANDU LORI REMPUH ORANG RAMAI DI BANDAR NICE FRANCE MENGAKIBATKAN 84 MAUT, 53 CEDERA PARAH DAN 202 CEDERA.    


Pemandu lori yang merempuh orang ramai di bandar Nice, Perancis semalam disahkan warga negara Tunisia yang bernama Mohamed Lahouaiej-Bouhlel, 31.

Seramai 84 orang disahkan terbunuh dalam insiden itu termasuk 10 kanak-kanak, 202 lagi cedera dan 53 pula kritikal.

Sementara itu, 25 orang mangsa lagi menjalani sokongan nyawa.

Pendakwa raya berkata, Lahouaiej-Bouhlel telah memandu trak 19 tan sepanjang dua kilometer di Promenade des Anglais dan melepaskan tembakan ke arah polis sebelum polis menembaknya mati.

Saspek telah melepaskan tembakan pertama dengan menggunakan pistol automatik sebaik sahaja menghampiri hotel Negresco dan kali kedua selepas 300 meter, semasa dia menghentikan trak itu dekat hotel Palais de la Mediterranne dan dia ditembak mati.

Polis turut menemui magazin peluru, pistol palsu, replika M16 dan kalashnikov serta bom tangan.

Lelaki itu yang bekerja sebagai penghantar barang mempunyai tiga orang anak tetapi sudah berpisah dengan isterinya.

          Royal Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs   
The Government has announced that it will open embassies in Mali and Tunisia as part of its intensified efforts in states affected by fragility. Minister of Foreign Affairs Børge Brende is today visiting Somalia. He is the first Norwegian foreign minister to do so.
          1/35 Pheasant 17/25 PDR Anti-Tank Gun Crew Set Tunisia/Sicily/Italy (5 Figures)   
1/35 Pheasant 17/25 PDR Anti-Tank Gun Crew Set Tunisia/Sicily/Italy (5 Figures)(Type: model figures) This is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

Injection-molded plastic parts to build five figures. Gun not included.

NOTE: The

Buy Now
          1/48 Bell P-39L/N (ProfiPACK edition)   
1/48 Bell P-39L/N (ProfiPACK edition)This is a plastic model kit, which comes unassembled and unpainted. So glue, model paints and other basic modelling tools are additionally required.

Plastic kit P-39L/N in 1/48 scale in ProfiPACK edition.
US WWII fighter plane.
plastic parts: Eduard
No. of decal options: 5 (USAAF and Soviet)
Decals: Cartograf
PE parts: yes, color
painting mask: yes
Resin parts: no
Marking options:
P-39N, s/n 4218354, Flown by 345th FS, North Africa / Alghero Airfield, Sardinia, late 1943
P-39L, s/n 42-4514, 91st FS / 81st FG, Sidi Ahmed Air Base, Tunisia, September, 1943
P-39N, Flown by Lt. DeVore, 110th TRS/71st TRG, Gusap airfield, New Guinea, spring, 1944
P-39N, Flown by Grigori A. Rechkalov, 16th GIAP, spring 1945
P-39N, Flown by Nikolai G. Sobolev, 21st GIAP, April 1943
Model length: 191,5 mm
Wingspan: 215,8 mm
Plastic parts: 113
Made in Czech Republic.


Buy Now
          CHILD SOLDIERS - INNOCENCE UNDER FIRE   

From Medieval times to the modern day, young children have been put to tragic use in warfare.

1. Children of “hard flesh”.

Wrenched from their homes at the age of seven, Sparta’s boys were battle-ready by 20.

The ancient Greek city of Sparta was a military superpower, and its children were enveloped within this fighting ethos from a very early age. Soon after birth, a council of inspectors would judge a male infant’s physical attributes; if he was deemed unfit, the baby would most likely be abandoned on a nearby hillside. At the age of seven, Spartan boys were removed from their parents’ homes and conscripted into the ‘agoge’, a military training scheme. The first-century AD Roman historian Plutarch detailed their regime: “Their training was calculated to make them obey commands well, endure hardships and conquer in battle... When they were 12 years old, they no longer had tunics to wear, received one cloak a year, had hard flesh and knew little of ths.”

Despite the boys’ early military education, the Spartans didn’t entertain the concept of a child army. From a practical perspective, children weren’t strong enough to handle the heavy weapons of the time. Instead, the youthful recruits served by conducting menial chores, such as bearing shields and mats for the more senior warriors. It was only when he turned 20 years old that a Spartan man would be deemed fit to serve as a soldier ofthe state.

2. The fearless fledglings of God

Armed with the gospel, a young Christian army set off on a crusade to Jerusalem. It turned out to be mission impossible.

In 1212, around 30,000 children from across Europe banded together and marched towards Jerusalem. Although the facts are marred by mythology and a lack of historical sources, we know that their aim was to peacefully convert Muslims to Christianity. Versions of the story – over 50 of which have been found dating back to the 13th century – tell us of various child leaders marching to the Holy Land.

One was a young French boy, Stephen of Cloyes, who believed he’d been chosen by Jesus to lead the divine mission. He gathered followers by performing miracles and portents, and claiming that the Mediterranean Sea would part for his followers on their journey. Across the continent, droves of children joined the cause, taking the crusader’s vow, which was both militant and legally binding.

Sadly, their mission was to end in disaster. Once the band of children reached the coast and the sea remained unmoved, those who chose to continue their journey on ships were either taken to Tunisia and sold into slavery or died in shipwrecks. Despite their failure, however, their quest could be considered as the first mass European youth movement.

3. Noble warriors

Boy pages were often seen on medieval battlefields and were deadly with a crossbow.

In Medieval Europe, boy pages were a regular sight in the homes of aristocrats. At the age of seven, noble boys would be sent from their family homes and stationed in another aristocratic household, where they would dutifully serve the lord of the estate through menial chores and personal service. In return, they received hospitality and education. They also underwent military training, learning how to use weapons and ride. The children would mount wooden horses, learn how to handle lances and conduct target practice.

Boy pages witnessed their fair share of conflict, dressing and arming their lords on the field. They mainly performed minor auxiliary roles but, in the event of a siege, were expected to know the basics of how to defend a castle with a crossbow. This was one of only a few weapons a child could use; the string could be pulled back with a lever, or by winding a crank, giving the bow tension, power and the ability to travel long distances – all of which meant a child could kill without engaging in direct combat with an adult. Despite their military training, even in the heat of battle it was bad form to consider the boys a target. In the 1415 battle of Agincourt, it is rumoured that Henry V was so enraged by the French targeting his army’s boy pages, that he retaliated by slitting the necks of his prisoners.

4. Trained to die for their sultan masters

As the Ottoman empire flourished, non-Muslim children were rounded up and forced into military slavery.

Between the 14th and 19th centuries, the Ottoman empire trained elite infantry units known as Janissaries. These units were populated by strong children, aged 7–18, who had either been kidnapped from local non-Muslim families or taken during military campaigns against Christian communities. This system of abduction and enlistment became known as ‘devshirme’, which is Ottoman Turkish for ‘lifting’ or ‘collecting’.

Upon capture, the children were dressed in red so that they would be recognised in the event of an escape. They would then be circumcised and converted to Islam. As the sultan’s personal slaves, the children were trained for a life of service; indoctrinated to fight and die for their master. They were known in society as ‘kapikulu’, servants who were neither free nor ordinary slaves.

Over the centuries, Janissaries were used in all major campaigns, including the 1453 capture of Constantinople and the Battle of Mohács in 1526. Despite their life in captivity, many considered their high standing in the Ottoman administration an honour.

5. In the powder keg of war

Children endured tough conditions while serving in some of history’s most famous naval battles.

The British Royal Navy first began using the term ‘powder monkey’ in the 17th century. In the golden age of sail, young boys would be recruited or press-ganged to service artillery guns on warships. Their job was to ferry gunpowder from the magazine in the ship’s hold to the gun crews. It was a dangerous job: gun carriages would regularly dismount and maim crewmembers, scalding iron rained from misfired guns and giant splinters would penetrate flesh.

Brief autobiographical accounts from powder monkeys survive. One such account is from a boy named Robert Sands, who worked on Admiral Nelson’s ship during the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. He explained that “the smoke sofecated us… our skreens took fire and burnt the Leftanant of mereans [marines] badley. I had jest left thair wen the exploshon took place. The men inside the skreens was burnt to deth... Then I had to go to the fore magesene for my powder.” Despite his age and lower-class status, Sands’ unlikely memoir is one of the few accounts that exist from the battle.

6. Beating hearts

Historically, drummer boys have played a central role on the battlefield, especially in the American Civil War.

The use of drummer boys on the battlefield has been a longstanding western tradition. These musical mascots had a practical role to play, using different drum rolls to enable officers and troops to communicate with each other. Despite their wide-spanning history, drummer boys have become synonymous with 19th-century American warfare: sentimentalist poetry, art, sculpture and autobiography from the era juxtaposed these innocent children with sweeping battlescapes.

The American Civil War propelled drummer boys to semi-celebrity status. The youngest recruit of the war, nine-year-old John Clem, rose to fame after he opened fire on a Confederate colonel who’d ordered him to surrender, and managed to escape. ‘The Drummer Boy of Chickamauga’, as he became known, was subsequently promoted to sergeant, making him the youngest soldier ever to become a non-commissioned officer in the US army.

Other notable Civil War drummer boys include 13-year-old Charles King, the youngest recruit to be killed in the war; 12-year-old William Black, who lost his left arm during battle; and Louis Edward Rafield, who inspired the sentimental Confederate song ‘The Drummer Boy of Shiloh’, written by Will S Hays in 1863: On Shiloh’s dark and bloody ground The dead and wounded lay; Amongst them was a drummer boy, Who beat the drum that day.

7. The teenage Tommies

Children as young as 12 and 13 lied about their age to fight for Britain in the First World War.

During the First World War, British youth movements such as the Boy Scouts, the Sea Scouts and the Girl Guides militarised the youth of the nation and provided them with practical medical and survival skills. These children were quick to volunteer their services. One such child, nine-year-old Alfie Knight, pleaded with the then-secretary of state for war, Lord Kitchener, to let him join the army: “I want to go to the front. I can ride jolley quick on my bicycle, and would go as a despatch ridder. I wouldint let the Germans get it.” Kitchener replied to thank the lad, but noted that he was a little too young to fight.

Many young boys did, however, find their way into the army. Approximately 250,000 British soldiers were under the legal age limit of 19. The youngest recognised soldier was 12-year-old Sidney Lewis, who fought in the battle of the Somme. Another young recruit, 13-year-old George Maher, lied about his age and was sent to the front line.

His true age was revealed after he was found crying during heavy shelling. Punch magazine satirised this epidemic of willing youths with a cartoon. In it, an officer points to a young boy in a soldier’s uniform and booms: “Do you know where boys go who tell lies?” The applicant replies: “To the front, sir.”

8. Hitler’s final hope

Only lightly trained, the youthful soldiers recruited to support the Nazis’ last stand were essentially cannon fodder.

The Hitler Youth and the League of German Girls were among the primary tools used by the Nazi regime to control Germany’s future generation. Despite the compulsory gender roles attributed to each movement, the militant rhetoric that implored young subjects to devote themselves to the strength and defence of the ‘Fatherland’ was similar.

The Hitler Youth received only quasi-military training as part of their political programme, learning how to march, drill, throw grenades, dig trenches and escape through barbed wire reels under pistol fire. And when they were ordered to join the fight against Allied forces in the final months of the war, the boys were woefully inexperienced and ill-prepared. They were sent out in lightly armed ambush squads, fulfilling their vow to “be ready as a brave soldier, to stake my life at any time for this oath”. Fifteen-year-old Heinz Shuetze was put in an SS uniform and sent to fight Soviet forces on the front line after being given just half a day’s training. He was armed with a panzerfaust, an anti-tank rocket.

A survivor from some of the Soviet confrontations, Guenter Dullni,  noted: “They [the Soviets] had no mercy for child soldiers, particularly when you were slapped into an SS uniform.”

Tragically, many of the children who lost their lives in battle were sent to fight after the fate of the war had effectively been decided.

9. Young guns

How the proliferation of assault rifles gave birth to a new breed of child warriors.

While children were once of little use in combat roles, the invention of assault rifles like the Kalashnikov and the M-16 – smaller, lighter and with less recoil than previous guns – has enabled youngsters to be deployed as deadly ‘soldiers’. The Cold War marked the emergence of this trend, El Salvador in the 1980s being a prime example. Fighting between government troops and the rebel FMLN (Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front) resulted in the kidnap and rape of children, but also their conscription into the military by both sides. It’s reported that more than one in five of the FMLN’s troops were children, while 80 per cent of the government’s forces were under 18. In other words, children fighting children.

The FMLN would send ‘kids units’ into villages to recruit even younger children, but also deployed them in active fighting. The government forces reportedly sent children to kill or injure members of their own family to ‘prove’ their loyalty. Like the FMLN, they also used children in overt active combat roles. One former child soldier recalled “eight-year-olds carrying M-16s and losing their whole families”.

10. “Eyes wide, screaming in pain, fear and hatred”

Child soldiers in recent conflicts in Africa have been forced to participate in a number of terrible atrocities.

The impact of child soldiers was ramped up to brutal new levels during the African civil wars of the 1990s, with mercenaries, gangs, arms dealers, militias and weakened governments all incorporating children into their ranks. In Liberia, ‘Small Boys Units’ were frequently used by the warlord/president Charles Taylor. Armed with Uzis or AK-47s, children would be used to engage against UN peacekeepers, pillage and plunder communities, or commit mass atrocities. One former child soldier recalled “the scent of gunpowder, eyes stinging from smoke, your friend crying… it was terrible. I missed my mother at that moment.”

Children were also used by the FDLR (Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda) to take part in the country’s devastating 1994 genocide. Boys aged 14 and younger, many of them orphaned and desperate for protection, were drugged, kidnapped and sold, then for to act as com tants taking part in rape, mutilation and the killing of civilians. A staggering 800,000 people were murdered in the space of just 100 days. As the commander of the UN mission in Rwanda said at the time: “Those child soldiers’ eyes were wide and brilliant, screaming in pain and anguish, fear and hatred.” For these fresh-faced fighters, the innocence of youth is short-lived.

By Emma Butcher and James Rogers in "BBC History Magazine" UK, July 2017, excerpts pp. 25-30. Redigized, adapted and illustrated to be posted by Leopoldo Costa.
           Bridging Context Management Systems in the ad hoc and mobile environments    
Pawar, Pravin and Boros, Hanga and Liu, Fei and Heijenk, Geert and Beijnum, Bert-Jan van (2009) Bridging Context Management Systems in the ad hoc and mobile environments. In: IEEE Symposium on Computers and Communications, ISCC 2009, 5-8 July 2009, Sousse, Tunisia (pp. pp. 882-888).
          In Tunisia molte donne vogliono tornare vergini   

In uno dei paesi più progressisti del Nord Africa si praticano moltissimi interventi per la ricostruzione dell'imene, a causa delle pressioni di futuri mariti e famiglie

The post In Tunisia molte donne vogliono tornare vergini appeared first on Il Post.


          UN Security Council Extends Sanctions against Illicit Libyan Petroleum Export   

From ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English.

Tunisia- The United Nations Security Council released a resolution expanding sanctions on illegitimate Libyan oil byproduct exports, in hopes of …

continue reading UN Security Council Extends Sanctions against Illicit Libyan Petroleum Export


          Jacqueline Simone Fochtman   
83, of Honolulu, Hawaii, died in Honolulu on June 27, 2017. She was born in Tunis, Tunisia. Private Services held.
          Age of Dissent   
We live an age of grievance and disillusionment. Manifestations of discontent have been erupting all over the globe like outbreaks of a fever. In recent times we have witnessed mass protests in London, New York, in Rio and São Paulo and other Brazilian cities, in Istanbul, Algiers, Madrid, Athens, Cairo, Sofia, Rome: protests against political incompetence, broken promises, the growing gap between rich and poor, the greed of bankers and corporate moguls, and the unholy alliance between these and the people who govern us.  At an extreme level, we have seen governments overthrown in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt, and a civil war in Syria that shows little sign of concluding. Egyptians are in the streets again.
What is going on?
One possibility is that we are collectively experiencing one of the less savoury effects of globalization in the westernized neo-liberal version that has so captivated much of the world. Economic downturns are no longer merely a national problem.  A slump in the US or European markets can put people who live ten thousand miles away out of work. Sub-prime loans and clever schemes for disguising them have brought more than a few banks to the edge of ruin (and one or two over the edge) regardless of where they are or were headquartered. More importantly, people of many different countries have paid a heavy price for banking profligacy - and will likely conintue paying for many years. Cuts in public services - or a failure to invest in them - figure among the complaints of Brazilians as well as Britons; home repossessions have become a frighteningly familiar phenomenon in Spain as well as in the United States. What we have seen is the delivery of whole populations to the vagaries of the international market, the rapacity of financiers, and the careless cruelties of incompetent governments.
Globalization has achieved something else, however, that can only be uncomfortable to governing elites, namely the capacity for people to share experience and to communicate with each other instantaneously and over long distances. Much like the weather, a disturbance in one country can cross oceans and reappear on the far side of the globe. Anger and disaffection are no longer constrained by frontiers. We are becoming as knowledgeable and sometimes even as indignant about injustice in distant lands as in our own back yard. People are discovering that they have more in common with the protesters of Tahrir, Taksim, Wall Street and Avenida Presidente Vargas than with their own politicians, who increasingly convey an impression of belonging to a perverse offshoot of the human species: one that is remote, immune to economic distress, morally if not legally corrupt in its intimacy with wealth and the wealthy, and concerned about the cares of the rest of us only insofar as there is political advantage in seeming so.

One reflection of the growing distance between governors and the governed may be observed in the recent eruption into the headlines of Bradley Manning, Julian Assange and Ed Snowden: the first of these currently being tried for a litany of horrendous lèse-majestical offences, the second holed up in the Ecuadorean embassy in London, and the third seeking sanctuary from the US Authorities. Their offences: informing the people of the illegal and morally repugnant activities of the US Government and its allies, of which the UK is a salient member. These activities are not simply in defence of the citizenry, nor directed specifically at criminals or terrorists or hostile and undemocratic regimes. They are aimed at all of us, individuals and governments alike, without the knowledge or consent of either.

In constitution-less UK, no foolproof protection exists against whatever our political leaders wish to do on our behalf. We have only the demonstrably unreliable words of ministers and their minions that although they are defending our interests and our lives, we shouldn’t know how they are going about it.  Many of them are the same career politicians who were gung-ho for the Iraq War and who happily waved our soldiers into Afghanistan on a peace and stability mission. US citizens do have a constitution that supposedly safeguards them against the abuses of government; but in matters of surveillance and secrecy, the relevant clauses seem to have been whited out.
The crimes of Assange, Manning and Snowden are to have revealed to the public that the sanctimonious image of Western democracy propagandized round the world is seriously misleading. Whether or not Manning and Snowden are, as they would claim, defenders of the US constitution, all three men have unarguably defended the people’s right to know what is being done in their name.Yet they are branded as traitors in the twisted logic of those for whom constitutional protections and civil and human rights have become mere impediments to action.No one has conducted an opinion poll of international public reaction to the hounding of Bradley Manning, Julian Assange and Ed Snowden, but it’s a good bet that all three would command a majority of support in most countries if not in the United States.
A triumvirate of corporate executives, financiers and politicians has demonstrated what a glance at history unfailingly reaffirms, namely that democracy - the voice of the people - is invariably distasteful to political elites even when by election they appear to be its beneficiaries.  Jefferson made this observation repeatedly.
Patrick Henry, another US Founding Father, spotted the danger inherent in government secrecy when he noted that:  “The liberties of a people never were, nor ever will be, secure, when the transactions of their rulers may be concealed from them”.
Regrettably, exposure of unpleasant secrets does not alone provoke in our leaders either remorse or a desire for change. When skullduggery becomes public - as it has done repeatedly with Abu Ghraib, Guantanamo, Extraordinary Rendition, collusion in torture, spying on allies, and so on - politicians  defend it on the grounds of public interest, or more specifically to protect us from the activities of terrorists, or maybe just because that’s what governments do.
There is a curiously unpleasant precedent to this kind of grubby justification. After the German Reichstag erupted in flames in 1933,  Hitler used the occasion to announce his War on Terror and to push through legislation - the "Decree on the Protection of People and the State" - that allowed the police to intercept mail, wiretap phones and imprison  terrorism suspects without charge. References to "The Fatherland" began cropping up in Hitler's speeches and, before long, an Office of Homeland (Fatherland) Security - the Reichssicherheitshauptamt came into being whose first head was that luminous defender of human rights,  SS-Obergruppenfuhrer Reinhard Heydrich. It was apparently not too difficult to persuade a significant proportion of the German people that these initiatives were designed to protect them from the hostiles forces that were bent on destroying their way of life.
Disquiet over the undercover activities of public agencies is not, of course, the only cause of  the increasing distance between governors and the governed.  During the last UK election, members of the current Coalition assured the electorate that there would be no “top-down” reorganization of the National Health Service, a promise that has proved as empty as President Obama’s that he would close down Guantanamo Bay.  French and Dutch voters rejected the The Treaty Establishing a European Constitution so the EU collective changed the title to the Lisbon Treaty, made a few amendments, and this time made sure not to consult the people. While the banks have done their best to ruin us, and their senior executives continue to pay themselves obscenely large sums, governments world-wide have made no significant attempt to introduce stricter controls over financial transactions.
Wedded as they are to a market-fundamentalist view of how to shape the administration of life, traditional parties have become irrelevant as foci of alternative visions. Before Labour leader Tony Blair came into office, he promised to stick to the spending plans of the previous government. Ed Miliband, current Labour leader, has just delivered the same message. US presidents regardless of Party stick to the same neo-liberal ideology and to the same projection of US power overseas. Right now the Obama administration is wagging an authoritarian finger at China and Russia over their refusal to send Snowden back home (finger-wagger John Kerry has not yet understood that foreigners no longer genuflect before US Secretaries of State still less fear their admonishments). These are examples from the anglo-saxon world, but readers in other countries will recognise the behaviour in their own political landscape. It can be summarized as disdain for public opinion and for the openness and honesty without which democracy becomes little more than a slogan.
Among world leaders, an unusual figure appears from time to time to remind us that alternatives do exist.   Pepe Mujica, President of Uruguay is one.  He donates most of his salary to the poor, and recently opened some rooms of the presidential palace as a temporary shelter for the homeless. He has acquired a deserved reputation as the world's poorest president.  He is probably the only national leader whose word I would unhesitatingly trust.  There are lessons to be learned from the behaviour of leaders such as Mujica, but it’s unlikely that any politician in Europe or North America would be willing to heed them. I remember a conversation with a senior Foreign Office mandarin when Evo Morales, then president-elect of Bolivia and the first indigenous president of any South American country made a brief visit to Europe. I asked whether Tony Blair would be inviting Morales to Downing Street.
“No,” came the reply, “Blair only meets with important people.”
“Like who?”
“Oh, leaders of major countries, presidents of multinational companies. Bolivia’s too small for him.”
France, Italy, Spain and Portugal have recently confirmed Morales’ unimportance by refusing him permission to overfly their territory on his way home from a meeting in Moscow. Now we learn that someone has been bugging the Ecuadorean embassy in London. Evidently, in the minds of our great leaders, these are insignificant little banana republics whose dignity can be trampled at will. As Latin America locks arms in a collective protest against what is seen as an act of neo-colonialist arrogance, it would be good to let the peoples of that continent know that  in this as, in so many matters, our leaders do not represent us.
          Perbedaan Keadaan Ekonomi yang Sakit Sakitan dari Pemerintahan Soekarno hingga SBY   
Hai bro

Kali ini saya akan berbagi tentang Keadaan ekonomi Indonesia yang sakit-sakitan dari Pemerintahan Soekarno hingga pemerintahan SBY

Mohon baca dengan bijak & teliti thread ini. Pada tulisan ini saya gak bermaksud membela presiden A atau memojokan presiden B. Saya hanya akan menguraikan kondisi ekonomi negri tercinta ini dari era Sokarno - SBY.

Mungkin bagi beberapa agan-agan disini ada yang belum tahu, dan saya akan sedikit berbagi disini...

1. Soekarno

Tahun 1965 kondisi ekonomi Indonesia memburuk. APBN morat-marit.
Kesejahteraan masyarakatmemprihatinkan.
Laju inflasi waktu itu mencapai 650%. Artinya jika situasi itu terjadi sekarang, tiba-tiba harga beras yang Rp.8.000/ Kg akan menjadi Rp.52.000/Kg.
Untuk mengatasi krisis, pada bulan Desember 1965 Soekarno mengumumkan kebijakan devaluasi nilai rupiah, yaituRp. 1.000 uang lama menjadi Rp. 1 uang baru. Devaluasi zaman Soekarno tidaklah sama maksudnya dengan wacana redenominasi yang diwacanakan sekarang.

Devaluasi bukan saja nominal uang yang terpotong, tapi nilainya juga. Artinya kalau seseorang memiliki tabungan di bank 1 juta rupiah dan cukup untuk membeli seekor kambing.
Maka setelah devaluasi uang itu tinggal 1000 rupiah. Dan uang yang 1000 rupiah ini,
untuk membeli ayam saja tidak cukup.
Kekacauan menjadi-jadi. Rakyatmengamuk. Bank-bank tutup. Orang kaya tiba-tiba menjadi miskin, golongan menengah menjadi lebih miskin lagi, yang memang sudah miskin menjadi teramat miskin.
Di mana-mana orang depresi dan bunuh diri. Jangankan yang miskin, konglomeratpun bunuh diri. Bos Bank NISP yang sekarang, Karmaka Surjaudaja sebagai salah satu saksi hidup peristiwa ini sekaligus sebagai pelaku. Depresi kemudian mencoba bunuh diri karena kebijakan devaluasi
Soekarno. Minum racun tapi nyawanya masih bisa selamat.
Tidak cukup sampai di sana. Pada bulan Januari 1966 Soekarno mengumumkan kenaikan harga BBM. Sebelumnya, Soekarno sudah 11 kali menaikkan harga BBM. Semua bertujuan untuk menyehatkan fiskal dan menyelamatkan APBN.

Pemuda, pelajar, mahasiswa menggelar aksi besar-besaran. Mereka serentak mengempeskan ban-ban mobil di jalan-jalan seluruh Jakarta. Lalu lintas macet total. Mereka menyerbu Istana Presiden, kantor-kantor kementerian dan lainnya.

2. Soeharto

Orde lama pimpinan Soekarno tamat. Berganti Ode Baru pimpinan Soeharto. APBN tetap sakit-sakitan. Untuk menyehatkannya Soeharto sedikitnya sampai 18 kali menaikkan harga BBM.

Tidak cukup hanya menaikkan BBM. SDA Indonesia di lelang semurah-murahnya. Tambang emas, batu bara, minyak, dll.
Sampai-sampai Soeharto rela hanya mendapat bagian royalti 1% dari tambang emas Freeport. Asal investor mau mengerjakannya.

Naikkan BBM, lelang SDA tidak cukup. Soeharto melangkah lebih jauh lagi. Menumpuk hutang beribu-ribu triliun. Soeharto membuat Indonesia menjadi nasabah empuk bagi IMF, ADB, Bank Dunia, dll. 
Saat itu hutang Indonesia menumpuk sampai 65% dari Pendapatan Domestik Bruto (PDB). Bandingkan dengan sekarang. Hutang Indonesia hanya tinggal 24% dari PDB.
Pernah di saat masa-masa akhir Orde Baru, Indonesia mencari hutang luar negeri yang begitu besar. Tapi hutang tersebut hanya cukup untuk membayar hutang luar negeri berikut bunganya.
3. Megawati

Selanjutnya era Megawati(Pemerintahan BJ Habibie dan Gusdur kita lewatkan saja karena terlalu singkat).

Di era Megawati APBN tetap sakit-sakitan. Megawati sampai dua kali menaikkan BBM untuk menyehatkannya.
Tidakcukup juga hanya dengan menaikkan BBM. Megawati melelang apa yang bisa
dilelang.

Kekayaan alam seperti ladang gas Tangguh, dilelang ke China hanya denga harga USD 3/mmbtu yang seharusnya USD 16/mmbtu (kerugian negara ditaksir 30 triliun/tahun).

Aset-aset negara dilelang. Indosat dan kapal tanker, BCA, Bank Danamon, BII, dll
menjadi korban.

  4. SBY

Sekarang kita hidup pada zaman SBY.
Masih sama juga, APBN sakit-sakitan. Kemampuan fiskal pemerintah kembang kempis. Sampai 4 kali SBY menaikkan harga BBM untuk menyelamatkan APBN.

Ternyata masalah kenaikan BBM hanya masalah klasik yang berulang terus menerus sepanjang sejarah Indonesia. Bukan hal yang istimewa. Hanya saja dari fakta-fakta di atas. Nampak cara SBY jauh lebih baik dalam mengatasinya.
Kenaikan BBM tidak perlu ditambah dengan cara ‘merampas’ uang rakyatseperti kebijakan devaluasi ala Soekarno.

Tidak perlu menggadai kekayaan alam dan menambah hutang besar-besaran ala Soeharto.

Tidak perlu menggadai kekayaan alam dan melelang aset ala Megawati.

Dalam hal ini ternyata SBY-lah yang terbaik. Atau kalau keberatan mengatakan yang terbaik, taruhlah SBY bukan yang terburuk diantara presiden-presiden yang sebelumnya.
SBY juga sudah berhasil membuat perekonomian Indonesia lebih kuat. Lebih kuat dari zaman Soeharto apalagi zaman Soekarno.
Ekonomi yang dibangun Soekarno jelas-jelas gagal.
Ekonomi yang dibangun Soeharto ternyata rapuh. Podasinya tidak kuat, bertumpu pada hutang luar negeri dan segelintir konglomerat.

Hanya karena krisis ekonomi Asia 1997, ekonomi yang dibangun Soeharto ambruk. Sedangkan ekonomi yang dibangun SBY sangat kuat dan spektakuler. Dihantamkrisis dunia 2008 yang jauh lebih dahsyat dari krisis Asia 1997, masih bisa bertahan. Bukan saja bertahan tapi tetap tumbuh positif (hanya 3 negara di dunia ini yang berhasil menahan laju pertumbuhan ekonominya setelah krisis 2008, yaitu China, India dan Indonesia). 

Bahkan SBY berhasil membawa Indonesia menjadi negara anggota G-20. Yaitu 20 negara yang menguasai 90% perekonomian dunia.
Singapura dan Malaysia, jangankan masuk G-20, bermimpi saja mereka tidak berani.
Suasembada pangan Soeharto juga semu. Sistem pertanian, perkebunan, dan perikanan yang dibangun Soeharto lemah. Jauh dari standar industri. Maka Indonesia tidak pernah memiliki sawah modern. 
Meski makanan pokok rakyat indonesia adalah nasi. Indonesia tidak pernah memiliki perkebunan buah-buahan bersekala modern. 
Meski Indonesia merupakan negara tropis. Indonesia tidak pernah memiliki tambak garam canggih sekalipun, meski Indonesia memiliki garis pantai yang luar biasa panjang. Yang ada hanya perkebunan- perkebunan modern peninggalan Belanda. Perkebunan yang dibuat atas kepentingan Belanda. Perkebunan teh, karet, kopi, coklat dan sejenisnya.  
Di penghujung zaman SBY inilah kebutuhan rakyat Indonesia yang sebenarnya mulai diperhatikan. Sawah modern dicetak di Kalimantan. Kebun buah-buahan modern digalakkan. Peternakan sapi besar-besaran dengan metode modern mulai dirintis. Tambak garam dipermodern dengan gerakan
membranasi, dan lain-lain.

Apakah SBY presiden yang sudah ideal?

TIDAK!

Masih banyak kekurangan. Terlalu banyak sesuatu yang seharusnya dikerjakan tapi tidak dikerjakan. Pemerataan ekonomi masih menjadi masalah. Tapi saya hanya mengajak kita relistis, tidak tutup mata atas keberhasilan SBY. Tidak menghujat dan menghina SBY secara berlebihan. Seolah-olah SBY setan yang entah datangnya darimana.

Apalagi disaat bersamaan kita menyanjung presiden-presiden masa lalu yang seolah-olah jauh lebih berprestasi.

Sedangkan SBY tidak ada prestasi apa-apanya.

Setiap generasi hidup pada masanya sendiri. 
Soekarno misalnya. Terlihat hebat karena hidup pada zaman perang kemerdekaan. Belum tentu akan hebat jika dia memimpin pada masa sekarang.

Bayangkan, seandainya Soekarno menjadi presiden sekarang. Mungkin Indonesia sudah dibawa bangkrut, terkucil, dan terbelakang seperti Korea Utara dan Venezuela.

Atau sebaliknya. Seandainya SBY hidup pada masa perjuangan kemerdekaan. Mungkin Indonesia membutuhkan waktu yang lebih lama lagi untuk merdeka. Dengan sikapnya yang peragu, lamban, penuh pertimbangan, dan sopan santun tingkat tinggi. Akan menjadi kelemahan yang sangat fatal bagi Indonesia saat itu.

Begitu juga Soeharto. Jika dia menjadi presiden pada masa informasi dan teknologi seperti sekarang ini. Mungkin nasibnya akan sama dengan Presiden Tunisia, Mesir, Libya dan diktator-diktator lainnya. Atau paling tidak dia akan membuat Indonesia perang saudara seperti Presiden Suriah,

Bashar al-Assad.

Soekarno mungkin pemimpin terbaik pada zamannya. Begitu juga Soeharto. Silahkan pemimpin yang sekarang dikritisi tapi jangan dihina berlebihan.

Jangan seperti kelakuan sekumpulan “generasi sakit” yaitu para komentator di beberapa jejaring sosial yang hanya bisa mencemooh, menghina dan menghujat.

Biarlah orang tua menyanjung- nyanjung masa lalu. Mereka sudah tua, ingatan mereka lemah, wajar melupakan penderitaan.

Last, Kita generasi muda, hidup pada zaman online. Tidak boleh hanya sekedar mengandalkan ingatan.
Ingatan kadang menipu, ingatan kadang menjebak kita pada romantisme masa lalu.

Tugas kita mencari pemimpin masa depan, tidak baik hidup hanya diisi dongeng-dongeng
kemakmuran masa lalu. Yang sebenarnya hanya perasaan. Tak ubahnya seperti dongeng.

***
referensi: kasabikhtiyar

          Rivers Ready For Club Africain Challenge – Eguma   

There is no doubt in the mind of Stanley Eguma, the Rivers United coach, that the Nigerian side will beat Tunisia's Club Africain in Sunday's Caf Confederation Cup game in Port Harcourt.

The post Rivers Ready For Club Africain Challenge – Eguma appeared first on Concise News.


          Episode 86: Clerical Error   
Tunisia: little girls with Islamic veil, revolt in country Saudi cleric says 'baby burkas' would prevent child molestation Raping women in Tahrir NOT ‘red line’: Egyptian preacher Abu Islam Catholic Leader Bill Donohue: 'Gay' Dog Saga Proves Being Gay 'A Bonus,' While 'Straights' Ignored ‘Gays Will Burn Christians at the Stake’ Says Pastor Pastor apologizes for praying alongside Muslims, Jews at Newtown vigil Is David Barton Now Getting his ‘History’ from Louis L’Amour Novels? 'Sorceress' burned alive in Papua New Guinea Cecil’s other podcast - Double Leg Radio: doublelegradio.com
          Episode 69: Cancer of the Lesbian   
If Malala survives, we will target her again: Taliban Ghana grapples with mental health Arkansas State Rep: ‘If Slavery Were So God-Awful, Why Didn’t Jesus Or Paul Condemn It?’ Charlie Fuqua, Arkansas Legislative Candidate, Endorses Death Penalty For Rebellious Children In Book Religious right attacks astronaut Sally Ride for being a lesbian GOP CONGRESSMAN CALLS EVOLUTION & THE BIG BANG THEORY ‘LIES STRAIGHT FROM THE PIT OF HELL’ Lawmaker Says "Some Girls Rape Easy" Canada gay 'cure' doctor arrested for sexually assaulting men Tunisia children's magazine prints petrol bomb guide Go to www.audiblepodcast.com/dissonancepod to get your free Audiobook today!Our new shirts: http://www.indiemerch.com/dissonancepod/The podcast awards: http://www.podcastawards.com/Stitcher podcast awards: http://stitcher.promotw.com/Visit our Website at http://dissonancepod.com for more info.
          France Arab mix canal+ cine emotion beIN   



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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/226.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/127.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/48.ts
#EXTINF:-1,13eme Rue
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/43.ts
#EXTINF:-1,M6 Music
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/38.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/123.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AB1
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/39.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/44.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/57.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/45.ts
#EXTINF:-1,PIWI+
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/7.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Mangas
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/55.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TVBREIZH
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/152.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TREK
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/215.ts
#EXTINF:-1,toute L Histoire
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/216.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Science et Vie
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/217.ts
#EXTINF:-1,RTL9
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/218.ts
#EXTINF:-1,RMC Decouverte HD
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/219.ts
#EXTINF:-1,NUMERO 23
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/220.ts
#EXTINF:-1,NRJ 12
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/221.ts
#EXTINF:-1,LCP
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/222.ts
#EXTINF:-1,L EQUIPE 21
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/223.ts
#EXTINF:-1,NUMERO_23_HD
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/154.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AB MOTEURS
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/225.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TV5 MONDE
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/186.ts
#EXTINF:-1,TELETOON+
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/193.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Disney Junior
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/192.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Tiji kids
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/194.ts
#EXTINF:-1,GAME_ONE
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/160.ts
#EXTINF:-1,CSTAR
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/150.ts
#EXTINF:-1,CINEFAMIZ
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#EXTINF:-1,CHERIE_25
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/153.ts
#EXTINF:-1,C8
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/151.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BFM_Business
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/161.ts
#EXTINF:-1,GULLI
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/26.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Boomerang TV
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/29.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Disney XD
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/40.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Disney Cinema
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/41.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Disney Channel 1
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/14.ts
#EXTINF:-1,EURONEWS
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/125.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Disney Channel
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/54.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Canal+Sport
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/4.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BEIN Sport 1
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#EXTINF:-1,BEIN Sport 2
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/65.ts
#EXTINF:-1,BEIN Sport 3
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/66.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SFR_SPORT_1_HD
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/146.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SFR_SPORT_2_HD
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/147.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SFR_SPORT_3_HD
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/148.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Equipe 21
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/61.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Infosport+
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/27.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/52.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Eurosport 2
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/51.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Equidia Live
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/28.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/9.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/13.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/169.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Planete+ CI
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#EXTINF:-1,Planete+
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/12.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/47.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/60.ts
#EXTINF:-1,USHUAIA TV
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/1.ts
#EXTINF:-1,Tva sport
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/208.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/202.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/209.ts
#EXTINF:-1,EVASION CA
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/195.ts
#EXTINF:-1,RDS
http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/210.ts
#EXTINF:-1,ICI ARTV
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/201.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/198.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/197.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/196.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/297.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/298.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/299.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/300.ts
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http://62.210.139.14:8000/live/Vdh9g0AE1AA5F7u/1rFoFno8SexvEwD/92.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Abu Dhabi Nat Geo
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4825.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Abu Dhabi Sports 1
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4827.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4828.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4826.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4927.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4928.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Al Hayat Musalsalat
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4929.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4896.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Al Rayyan 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4897.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Algerie 3
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4905.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Aljadeed TV
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4935.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Aljazeera
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4864.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4873.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4874.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4875.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | ART Hekayat 1
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4876.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Bein Movies 1
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4865.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Bein Movies 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4866.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Bein Movies 3
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4867.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Bein Movies 4
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4868.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Canal Algerie
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4904.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Cartoon Network
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4918.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | CBC
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4877.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | CBC Drama
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4879.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | CBC Extra
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4878.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | CBC Sofra
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4880.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Cinema 1
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4894.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4893.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Dubai Drama
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4862.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4857.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Dubai Racing
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4861.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Dubai Sport
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4858.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Dubai Sport 3
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4859.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Dubai Sport 4
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4860.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4919.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4920.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4921.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | KTV 4
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4922.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | KTV 5
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4923.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4835.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4838.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4903.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4937.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4852.ts
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#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Action 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4816.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4815.ts
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#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Box Office 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4821.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Box Office 3
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4822.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4814.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4823.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN First
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4813.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN First Comedy
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4802.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN MBC Drama
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4804.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN MBC Plus Drama
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4811.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Movies Action
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4801.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Movies Comedy
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4812.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Movies Drama
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4824.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Movies Festival
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4800.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Movies Kids
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4810.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Movies Premiere
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4818.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Movies Premiere 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4819.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Star Movies
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4803.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Ya Hala
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4808.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OSN Ya Hala Drama
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4809.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4806.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | OTV Lebanon
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4902.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Panorama Comedy
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4892.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Panorama Drama
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4889.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Panorama Drama 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4890.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4891.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4895.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Rotana Cinema
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4914.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Rotana Classic
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4913.ts
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http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4911.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Rotana Khaliji
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4912.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Rotana Massrya
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4915.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Rotana Music
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4910.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Sama Dubai
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4863.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Saudi 1
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4883.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Saudi 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4884.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Saudi 24
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4885.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Saudi Sports
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4882.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Sky News
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4917.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Sky News Arabia
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4881.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Star Cinema 1
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4886.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Star Cinema 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4887.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Syria Aloula
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4909.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Syria Drama
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4908.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Syria News
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4907.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Syria TV
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4906.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Tele Liban
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4936.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Time Cinema
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4870.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Time Comedy
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4869.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Time Film
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4871.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Time Taxi
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4872.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | TNN Tunisia
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4934.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Tunisia First-TV
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4933.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Tunisia National 1
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4930.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Tunisia National 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4931.ts
#EXTINF:-1,AR | Ya Hala Cinema
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4807.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 1
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4016.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 10
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4025.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 11
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4026.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 12
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4027.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 13
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4028.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 14
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4029.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 15
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4030.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 16
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4031.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 17
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4032.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 2
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4017.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 3
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4018.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 4
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4019.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 5
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4020.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 6
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4021.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 7
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4022.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 8
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4023.ts
#EXTINF:-1,SPORTS | BEIN SPORTS 9
http://vip.groupiptv.com:7000/live/abela/abela/4024.ts
 

          Joe Lowry on Tunisia/Libya border "People are very frustrated"   
none
          150 Artists Collaborated To Turn The Streets Of Tunisia Into Works Of Art   
By: Amanda Froelich/True Activist  In the village of Er-Riadh, on the Tunisian island of Djerba, one will find more than historical artifacts — they’ll also find themselves surrounded by an abundance of art. This is because, for the past few months, 150 street artists worked together to transform the sleepy, traditional corner of North Africa […]
          Ron Howard talks about becoming a Star Wars director, an archaeologist visits original Tatooine sites in Tunisia … – WGN Radio   
WGN RadioWe return to Tatooine with Dr. David West Reynolds, the first Star Wars archaeologist. Dr. Reynolds tells us stories about his rediscovering of the original shooting locations in Tunisia and how you can see his upcoming documentary “Return To Tataouine”. …read more Source:: Star Wars News By Google News
          STEPSOVER AMAZING TUNISIA   
Subscribe to the comments for this post? Share this on del.icio.us Share this on Facebook Stumble upon something good? Share it on StumbleUpon Tweet This! Email this via Yahoo! Mail
          A Pavarotti tribute at the Arena of Verona on 6 September, part of revenues to the UNHCR   
VERONA, JUNE 30 – A benefit concert in. honor of Luciano Pavarotti will take place on September 6 at the Arena of Verona, in Italy. The revenue of event, that will pay tribute to the popular Italian tenor who died ten years ago, aged 71, will be partially donated to the UNHCR, the United Nations Refugee Agency. Organized by the Luciano Pavarotti Foundation together with Friends & Partners and the Universal Music Group on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the tenor’s death, the music gala will be also broadcast live on Rai Uno tv channel. The September 6 concert will be the first of a series of celebrations in honor of the legendary artist who was also UN Messenger of Peace  and Goodwill Ambassador for the WFP: other music shows will take place in Tunisia, Qatar, Oman and Indonesia. Tribute nights in memory of Luciano Pavarotti are likely to be arranged also in China and the United States. On the stage of the Arena of Verona many distinguished guests will perform, starting from Plácido Domingo and José Carreras, the two Spaniards opera singers along with whom, during the 1990s and early 2000s, Pavarotti formed a popular singing group [...]
          Jazz Lives 06-29-2017 with Kathy Frazier   
Playlist:

Tony Bennett- The Best Is Yet To Come - Fifty Years The Artistry Of Tony Bennett
- voicebreak -
Pearl Bailey Jazz Orchestra Jazz Orkest Louie Bellson- Tired - Jazz Round Midnight Chanteuses Female Jazz Vocalists
The Nat King Cole Trio- Sweet Lorraine - Hit That Jive Jack The Earliest Recordings
BLOSSOM DEARIE- I Wont Dance - Blossom Dearie
Sammy Davis Jr- That Old Black Magic - The Decca Years
Nina Simone- My Baby Just Cares For Me - Compact Jazz Nina Simone
- voicebreak -
Sarah Vaughan- Embracable You - Jazz Memories
Jon Hendricks Dave Lambert- Cloudburst - Sing A Song Of Basie
Oscar Brown Jr- Dat Dere - Sin Soul And Then Some
Beverly Kenney- A Foggy Day - Female Jazz Vocals
Mel Torm- Comin Home Baby - Comin Home Baby
- voicebreak -
Diane Schuur- Speak Low - The Very Best Of Dianne Schuur
Les McCann- Compared To What - Talkin Verve
Dinah Washington Quincy Jones And His Orchestra- Is You Is Or Is You Aint My Baby - The Complete Dinah Washington On Mercury Vol 5 19561958
Al Jarreau- Letter Perfect - Look To The Rainbow Live In Europe
Ella Fitzgerald- How High The Moon - Ella The Legendary Decca Recordings
Mose Allison- Seventh Son - Mose Alive Live
- voicebreak -
Manhattan Transfer- Tuxedo Junction - Rhino HiFive The Manhattan Transfer EP
Chet Baker- Ive Never Been In Love Before - The Best Of Chet Baker Sings
Abbey Lincoln- Blue Monk - Straight Ahead
Diana Krall- We Just Couldnt Say GoodBye - Glad Rag Doll Deluxe Edition
Kurt Elling- Hurricane - Close Your Eyes
MADELEINE PEYROUX- Muddy Water - DREAMLAND
- voicebreak -
BB Cooper- Taking It Easy Now - The Music Of BB Cooper Almost There
Della Reese- If I Could Be With You One Hour Tonight - Della Remastered
Frank Sinatra- Fly Me To The Moon feat Count Basie And His Orchestra - Nothing But The Best Remastered
Lambert Hendricks Ross- A Night In Tunisia - The Hottest New Group In Jazz
Bobby McFerrin- Blackbird - The Voice
Anita ODay- Love Me Or Leave Me - 6 Of The Best Female Jazz Vocalists
- voicebreak -
Mark Murphy- Stolen Moments - Giants Of Jazz Mark Murphy
Lizz Wright- Salt - Salt
Billie Holiday- Ive Got A Right To Sing The Blues - Jazz Round Midnight Chanteuses Female Jazz Vocalists
- voicebreak -


playlist URL: http://www.afterfm.com/index.cfm/fuseaction/playlist.listing/showInstanceID/57/playlistDate/2017-06-29
          [30/06] «Qu'est-ce que le propriété?» - Míting a la Cooper Union - «La Rivoluzione Libertaria» - Atemptat d'Schifres - Brupbacher - Louzon - Cavani - Alonso - Quaresma - González Ruiz - Fernández Saavedra - Metxnikov - Tanini - Merlino - Pouget - Oiticica - Giménez - Artés - Cuña   
[30/06] «Qu'est-ce que le propriété?» - Míting a la Cooper Union - «La Rivoluzione Libertaria» - Atemptat d'Schifres - Brupbacher - Louzon - Cavani - Alonso - Quaresma - González Ruiz - Fernández Saavedra - Metxnikov - Tanini - Merlino - Pouget - Oiticica - Giménez - Artés - Cuña

Anarcoefemèrides del 30 de juny

Esdeveniments

Coberta de "Qu'est-ce que la propriéte?"

Coberta de Qu'est-ce que la propriéte?

- S'edita Qu'est-ce que la propriété?: El 30 de juny de 1840 s'edita a París (França) el llibre de Pierre-Joseph Proudhon Qu'est-ce que la propriété? ou Recherches sur le principe du droit et du gouvernement. Aquesta primera memòria estava dedicada a l'Acadèmia de Besançon i el fet va provocar un escàndol. El 24 d'agost la institució va exigir la retirada de la dedicatòria en no compartir la responsabilitat de les seves «doctrines antisocials» i Proudhon, becari d'aquesta acadèmia, va haver d'anar a donar-hi explicacions el 15 de gener de 1841.

***

Portada del pamflet d'Alden Freeman que presentà al míting de la Cooper Union

Portada del pamflet d'Alden Freeman que presentà al míting de la Cooper Union

- Míting a la Cooper Union: El 30 de juny de 1909 es realitza a The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, de Lower Manhattan (Nova York, Nova York, EUA), un gran míting, organitzat per la Free Speech Society (Societat per la Llibertat d'Expressió), en protesta per la persecució policíaca i judicial a la qual es veia sotmesa l'activista anarquista Emma Goldman i per la reivindicació del dret a la llibertat d'expressió. Entre els oradors hi havia el congressista Robert Baker, Alden Freeman --que presentà el seu pamflet The fight for free speech--, Leonard Dalton Abbott, Milton Rathbun, Voltairine de Cleyre, James P. Morton i Harry Kelly, entre d'altres. S'hi van llegir nombrosos telegrames de solidaritat, com ara el d'Eugene Debs. L'accés a l'acte estava acordonat per la policia, presta a detenir Emma Goldman si feia ús de la paraula.

***

Capçalera del primer número de "La Rivoluzione Libertaria"

Capçalera del primer número de La Rivoluzione Libertaria

Surt La Rivoluzione Libertaria: El 30 de juny de 1944, a les acaballes de la II Guerra Mundial, surt a Nàpols (Campània, Italia) el periòdic anarquista clandestí La Rivoluzione Libertaria. Organo dei Gruppi Libertari dell'Italia Meridionale. La capçalera posava com a lloc d'edició Bari (Pulla, Itàlia), però era una estratagema per despistar a les autoritats aliades d'ocupació que negaven el permís d'impremta. Fou el primer periòdic anarquista que es publicà a la Itàlia alliberada i volia ser el pilar per a la reconstrucció del moviment anarquista italià. Les capçaleres dels diversos números portaven textos de diferents autors (Camillo Berneri, Thomas Paine, Evangeli segons Marc, Jean-Marie Guyau i Abraham Lincoln). Estava editat per la parella anarquista formada per Cesare Zaccaria i Giovanna Caleffi (Giovanna Berneri), i comptà amb el suport d'Armido Abbate, Giuseppe Grillo, Tommaso Pedio, Pio Turroni i Emanuele Visone. Trobem textos d'Armido Abbate, E. Andreassi, Mikhail Bakunin, E. Bellini, Luigi Bertoni, M. Cesena, W. J. Durant, Luigi Fabbri, G. Fedele, G. Finzi, Aldous Huxley, David Levi, Errico Malatesta, F. Melis, P. Meyer, M. Nino, P. Oposi, B. Perlandi, G. Salvemini, Ignazio Silone i Giuseppe Stagni, entre d'altres. Ressenyà el Congrés de Grups Llibertaris de la Itàlia Alliberada, que se celebrà entre el 10 i l'11 de setembre de 1944 a Nàpols, i la creació de l'Aliança de Grups Llibertaris (AGL). L'article «Alle donne» de G. Fedele, publicat al número 3 del 7 d'agost de 1944, va ser publicat també en un full solt com a pamflet. Tingué un tiratge de 5.000 còpies i a partir del cinquè número les autoritats aliades dificultaren com pogueren la seva publicació i distribució. En sortiren set números, l'últim el 16 de novembre de 1944. Posteriorment, i ja de manera legal, la parella Zaccaria-Caleffi publicà Volontà. Giornale anarchico (1945-1946) i Volontà. Rivista anarchica (1946-1996).

***

Constitució de la República francesa de 1958

Constitució de la República francesa de 1958

- Atemptat a la Constitució francesa: El 30 de juny de 1998, a París (França), un grup d'un centenar de persones pertanyents als moviments d'aturats i dels «sense papers»  aconsegueixen ocupar els locals del Consell Constitucional i un estudiant llibertari de la Sorbona de 25 anys, Sébastien Schifres, s'apodera d'un dels deu exemplars originals de la Constitució de la República francesa de 1958 al despatx del president Roland Dumas i, abans d'estripar el document, hi escriu damunt la primera pàgina amb tinta roja: «La dictadura capitalista és abolida. El proletariat decreta l'anarquia i el comunisme.» Per aquesta acció iconoclasta Schifres serà condemnat el 8 de setembre de 1998 per la Sala XXIII Correccional del Tribunal de Gran Instància de París a sis mesos de presó amb pròrroga.

Anarcoefemèrides

Naixements

Fritz Brupbacher

Fritz Brupbacher

- Fritz Brupbacher: El 30 de juny de 1874 neix a Zuric (Zuric, Suïssa), en una família benestant, el metge, antimilitarista i militant socialista i llibertari Fritz Brupbacher. Després d'estudiar  Medicina a Ginebra i d'ampliar estudis de psiquiatria a París, va obrir en 1901 la seva consulta en un barri obrer de Zuric i es va casar amb sa primera dona, Lydia Petrovna Kocetkova. Militant socialista revolucionari des del 1898, va freqüentar els cercles llibertaris i va esdevenir molt amic de James Guillaume, de Kropotkin, de Vera Figner i de Pierre Monatte. Com a membre del Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz (SPS, el Partit socialista suís), però antimilitarista --va prendre part en 1905 en la creació de la Lliga Antimilitarista-- i partidari del sindicalisme revolucionari, va rebre fortes crítiques des de les files del seu partit i es va veure impulsat a presentar la dimissió en 1920. L'any següent es va afiliar al Kommunistische Partei der Schweiz (Partit Comunista Suís) i va fer nombroses estades a la Unió Soviètica, però com que no havia abandonat el seu esperit crític i les seves idees llibertàries, es va enfrontar als dirigents estalinistes que li van fer la vida impossible. En 1932 va «evadir-se de la cèl·lula», segons la seva expressió i va ser expulsat del Partit l'any següent. També des dels anys 20 va militar amb sa nova companya, Paulette Raygrodski (Paulette Brupbacher), en el moviment neomaltusià, pel dret a l'avortament i per una sexualitat lliure. En 1932 va fer la introducció a la traducció del rus de la Confessió de Bakunin que va fer Paulette Brupbacher al francès. És autor, entre altres obres, de Kindersegen: und kein Ende? (1903), Der Zweck des Lebens (1911), Die helvetische Revolution und die Arbeiterbewegung in der Schweiz (1912), Der Sonderbundskrieg und die Arbeiterschaft (1913), Marx und Bakunin (1913), Der Pariser Kommuneaufstand (1871) (1917), Vom Kleinbürger zum Bolschewik (1923), Um die Moral herum (1917), Wo ist der Sitz der Seele? (1924), Michael Bakunin: der Satan der Revolte (1929), Liebe, Geschlechtsbeziehungen und Geschlechtspolitik (1930), 60 Jahre Ketzer (1935, autobiografia) i Der Sinn des Lebens (1938-1939). Fritz Brupbacher va morir l'1 de gener de 1945 a Zuric (Zuric, Suïssa). El seu arxiu es troba dipositat a l'International Institute of Social History (IISH) d'Amsterdam.

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Una de les obres importants de Robert Louzon

Una de les obres importants de Robert Louzon

- Robert Louzon: El 30 de juny de 1882 neix a París (França) el militant anarquista, sindicalista revolucionari i pacifista Robert Louzon. Havia nascut en una família burgesa, enriquida per la venda dels béns nacionals, i va estudiar a l'institut parisenc de Janson-de-Sailly, amb el seu amic Robert Debré. Després de doctorar-se en Dret amb una tesi sobre la propietat de les mines a França i d'aconseguir un diploma per diversos estudis científics a l'Escola de Mines, va esdevenir enginyer de diverses mines espanyoles i després va ser director de la fàbrica de gas de Saint-Mandé. Ben aviat es va veure atret per les idees socialistes i en 1899 es va adherir a un grup d'estudiants col·lectivistes i es va incorporar al Partit Obrer Socialista Revolucionari (POSR), de Jean Allemane, partidari de la vaga general insurreccional. La lectura del periòdic d'Émile Pouget, Le Père Peinard, va fer d'ell un anarquista. Amic d'Hubert Lagardelle, va escriure en Le Moviment Socialiste articles contra la intel·lectualitat establerta. En 1906, amb l'herència paterna, va comprar un immoble --al carrer de la Grange-aux-Belles, 33-- amb la finalitat d'establir la seu de la Confederació General del Treball (CGT), un fet que va implicar la pèrdua de la seva feina a la fàbrica de gas. Company de Pierre Monatte, va col·laborar en La Vie Ouvrière, on va denunciar els tripijocs de les fàbriques de gas. En 1913 es va instal·lar a Tunísia, on va ser propietari d'una explotació agrícola pionera en l'experimentació dels mètodes d'agricultura moderna. Durant la Gran Guerra va lluitar com a capità de zuaus, encara que com internacionalista es va mostrar contrari al conflicte bèl·lic. En 1919 es va adherir al Partit Socialista de Tunísia. En aquesta època va col·laborar en L'Avenir Sociale, òrgan del Partit Comunista de Tunísia. En 1921 va ser demandat per «difamació vers els oficials de l'Exèrcit francès». En sortir de la presó va dirigir un periòdic en àrab que va ser prohibit i que li va implicar un procés com a màxim responsable. En 1922 va ser novament condemnat a sis mesos de presó per haver publicat un fullet i un poema en àrab considerat un atac contra la República francesa al Magrib. Un cop alliberat, va ser expulsat de Tunísia i es va instal·lar a la Costa Blava vivint de rendes. Molt influenciat pel marxisme, va especialitzar-se en els estudis econòmics i en la teoria del sindicalisme revolucionari. En aquesta època va freqüentar assíduament la Universitat Popular «L'Émancipation». Després, amb Pierre Monatte, es va afiliar al Partit Comunista Francès (PCF), col·laborant en L'Humanité, que abandonà el desembre de 1924 arran de les expulsions de Pierre Monatte i d'Alfred Rosmer, i per considerat que el Partit s'havia «russificat». A partir de 1925 va participar en la fundació de la revista La Révolution Prolétarienne. L'agost de 1936, comissionat per la Confederació Nacional del Treball (CNT) espanyola, va marxar a Fes (Marroc) amb la missió de contactar amb els nacionalistes del Comitè d'Acció Marroquí (CAM) per impedir el reclutament de tropes natives per a l'exèrcit franquista. El febrer de 1937, malgrat la seva avançada edat i la seva malmesa salut, va combatre una temporada als fronts d'Aragó enrolat en el Grup Internacional de la Columna Durruti juntament amb Simone Weil. Novament a França, va col·laborar amb Louis Lecoin en Solidaritat Internacional Antifeixista (SIA) i en el seu setmanari. En 1939 va signar amb Louis Lecoin el pamflet Paix immédiate, fet pel qual va ser processat davant un consell de guerra. El juliol d'aquest mateix any va publicar un article, «Tunísia per als tunisians», pel qual va ser condemnat a 15 mesos de presó. Detingut a començaments de 1940, fou tancat durant un any al camp de Bossuet, al sud d'Algèria. En 1947 va reprendre la seva activitat militant des del grup de La Révolution Prolétarienne, de Pierre Monatte. Amb la salut molt malmenada, va retirar-se a Canes. Durant els anys cinquanta va redactar, administrar i imprimir la revista Études Matérialistes. Profundament crític amb el totalitarisme soviètic, va interessar-se pel sistema de Tito a Iugoslàvia, país al qual va viatjar sovint. El setembre de 1960 va ser un dels signants del «Manifest dels 121» que reivindicava el dret a la insubmissió durant la guerra d'Algèria. Fascinat per Xina, va fer els 80 anys a Pequín. Entre les seves obre podem destacar L'économie capitaliste. Principes d'économie politique (1925), Impérialisme et nationalisme, deux grands courants du capitalisme moderne (1929), La déchéance du capitalisme (1930), La contrarrevolución en España (1938), L'ère de l'impérialisme (1948), La Chine. Ses trois millénaires d'histoire, ses cinquante ans de révolution (1954), La dialectique scientifique, celle des choses et celle de l'esprit (1970), Cent ans de capitalisme en Algérie (1830-1930) (1998, pòstuma), entre d'altres. Robert Louzon va morir el 8 de setembre de 1976 a Canes (Provença, Occitània). El seu pensament va influir força en Daniel Guerin.

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Renzo Cavani

Renzo Cavani

- Renzo Cavani: El 30 de juny de 1901 neix a Novi di Modena (Emília-Romanya, Itàlia) l'anarquista Renzo Cavani, conegut com Bruno, encara que va fer servir diversos pseudònims (Aldo Rossi, Mario Branchi, Bruno Figuera, Evelino Eglesias, Sebastiano Poli, etc.). Sos pares es deien Sperandio Cavani i Marianna Iotti. Paleta de professió, després de la Gran Guerra, quan tenia 17 anys, s'adherí al moviment anarquista. A partir de la pujada del feixisme formà part, amb Luigi Evangelisti, Guido Bucciarelli, Aldo Gilioli i altres, del Comitè d'Acció Anarquista (CAA), dedicat a respondre les accions violentes dels escamots feixistes. El 21 de gener de 1921 aquest grup donà mort el feixista Mario Ruini, el qual el dia anterior havia apallissat juntament amb altres feixistes fins la mort un paleta anarquista. El 17 de març de 1921, amb Evangelisti i altres companys, ferí greument l'estudiant feixista Antonio Gozzi i l'11 de novembre d'aquell any, amb Guido Bucciarelli, durant un enfrontament amb un escamot feixista quan tornaven a casa, mataren el feixista Gino Tabaroni i en feriren un altre. Ambdós companys fugiren a l'estranger i, després d'un llarg periple (França, Suïssa, Països Baixos, Alemanya, Turquia, etc.), retrobaren Evangelisti a Odessa (Ucraïna, URSS), el qual havia fugit d'Itàlia després de la mort de Ruini. A Itàlia, el 19 de gener de 1923, Cavani i Bucciarelli van se condemnats en absència pel Tribunal Ordinari de l'Audiència de Mòdena a 30 anys de reclusió per l'assassinat de Tabarini. En aquests anys estava inscrit en el registre de anarquistes perillosos de les llistes de la policia fronterera d'arreu d'Europa. Visqué a Bèlgica, Luxemburg i França, on a començaments dels anys trenta visqué clandestinament a casa de la família anarquista dels Gilioli, a Fontenay-sous-Bois (Illa de França, França), establint una relació sentimental amb Siberia Gilioli, filla de Onofrio Gilioli, amb qui tindrà un infant (Jacques Cavani). En 1932, amb son germà Rivoluzio i Siberia Gilioli, marxà cap a Barcelona (Catalunya), on visqué clandestinament i milità sota la identitat falsa d'Aldo Rossi. Durant la seva estada, distribuïa pamflets i manifests antifeixistes als mariners italians que arribaven en escala al port de Barcelona. El març de 1933 retornà a França, on continua vivint a casa dels Gilioli i treballà en la construcció, alhora que distribuïa propaganda anarquista. Va estar constantment vigilat per la policia italiana que el considerava un «tirador de pistola d'una gran precisió» susceptible de preparar un atemptat contra Benito Mussolini –de fet la història a demostrat que durant sa vida preparà dos atemptats contra Il Duce que no reeixiren. L'agost de 1936, amb Luigi Evangelisti i Equo Gilioli, marxà a Catalunya com a voluntari per a lluitar contra l'aixecament feixista. Milicià en la Secció Italiana de la «Columna Ascaso», el 28 d'agost de 1936 va ser ferit durant els combats de Monte Pelado, al front d'Aragó, entre Osca i Almudébar (Aragó, Espanya). Després de la seva convalescència, va ser nomenat comissari polític de la de Federació Anarquista Ibèrica (FAI) al post fronterer de Portbou (Alt Empordà, Catalunya). La policia francesa aleshores el tenia qualificat com a enllaç entre la Península i França. El maig de 1937, després de participar amb altres companys (Ernesto Bonomini, Enzo Fantozzi, Virgilio Gozzani, etc.) en els enfrontaments contra la reacció estalinista, marxà clandestinament a França i, amb Evangelisti, decidí emigrar a Amèrica. El juny de 1939 embarcà a La Rochelle (Poitou-Charantes, França) cap a Cuba, on restà alguns mesos abans d'instal·lar-se a finals de 1939 a Nova York (Nova York, EUA). Als Estats Units visqué sota la identitat de Sebastiano Poli. A finals dels anys cinquanta retornà a Itàlia, on participà en el grup anarquista de Mòdena «Rivoluzio Gilioli», en la fundació del Col·lectiu d'Estudis Llibertaris «Camillo e Giovanna Berneri» i en l'edició de la revista L'Avvenire Libertario (Mòdena, 1963-1964). Després d'assabentar-se que patia un tumor al cervell, Renzo Cavani es va suïcidar ingerint un verí el 21 de gener de 1966 a Mòdena (Emília-Romanya, Itàlia). Documentació seva es troba dipositada al «Fons Ennio Manzini» de l'Istituto per la Storia della Resistenza e della Società Contemporanea in Provincia di Modena.

Renzo Cavani (1901-1966)

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Obrers del túnel de la Croix Rousse de Lió

Obrers del túnel de la Croix Rousse de Lió

- Andrés Alonso Gómez: El 30 de juny de 1903 neix a Almeria (Andalusia, Espanya) el militant anarcosindicalista Andrés Alonso Gómez. En acabar la Guerra Civil espanyola hagué d'exiliar-se a França i fou internat en diversos camps de concentració, com ara el de Ribesaltes. El juny de 1941 s'enrolà, amb Bartolomé Flores Cano, en una Companyia de Treballadors Estrangers (CTE) destinada a perforar el túnel de la Croix Rousse de Lió, on realitzarà la feina de son company, que només pesava 37 quilos per una alçada d'un metre vuitanta, salvant així la vida. Durant l'ocupació participà amb Flores Cano en la resistència als barris lionesos de la Croix Rousse i de Vaise. Desconeixem la data i el lloc de la seva defunció.

Bartolomé Flores Cano (1907-1990)

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Jorge Quaresma

Jorge Quaresma

- Jorge Quaresma: El 30 de juny de 1905 neix a Setúbal (Setúbal, Lisboa, Portugal) el militant anarquista Jorge Quaresma. Era fill del destacat militant anarquista José Artur Quaresma (Zé Quaresma) i d'Isabel Augusta Ribeiro. Començà a militar molt jove en el moviment llibertari, especialment en les Joventuts Llibertàries i en la Confederació General del Treball (CGT) de Portugal. D'adolescent començà a treballar de perruquer a la barberia de son pare a Sétubal i en aquesta època va ser detingut per «propaganda revolucionària». Poc a poc, va anar perdent la visió i hagué d'abandonar la professió de barber. Marxà a Lisboa, on gràcies a una tia seva, va ser empleat en una companyia d'assegurances. En aquests anys va ser empresonat nombroses vegades, però mai per llargues temporades. La seva concepció de l'anarquisme va ser humanista i rebutjava tota mena de violència. En els anys cinquanta s'instal·là a Almada (Setúbal, Lisboa, Portugal). Durant la dictadura de Salazar es caracteritzà per ajudar els companys perseguits. Després de la caiguda de la dictadura l'abril de 1974, fou membre del Centre de Cultura Llibertària d'Almada i un dels fundadors del periòdic Voz Anarquista. Ajudà enormement, amb documents i fotografies, Edgar Rodrigues a escriure la seva història del moviment llibertari portuguès. Estava casat amb Elisa Rosa Antunes. Jorge Quaresma va morir el 20 de gener de 1990 a Olivais Norte (Lisboa, Portugal).

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Fitxa d'Ángel González Ruiz de la policia de Bordeus

Fitxa d'Ángel González Ruiz de la policia de Bordeus

- Ángel González Ruiz: El 30 de juny de 1909 neix a Aguilar (Logronyo, Castella, España; actualment Aguilar del Río Alhama, La Rioja, Espanya) el paleta anarquista Ángel González Ruiz. Sos pares es deien Marcelo González i Josefa Ruiz. Emigrà a Bordeus (Aquitània, Occitània), on visqué al número 59 del carrer Delbos i al número 5 del carrer Marbotin. En 1938 era president del Grup Anarquista Español, conegut com «Grup de l'Yser», ja que es reunia al bar Hispano, al número 50 del carrer de l'Yser, el tresorer del qual fou Eulogio García; aquest grup, que segons la policia comptava uns vuitanta membres, fou un dels vuit grups anarquistes espanyols de la zona reorganitzats arran del Congrés dels Comitès Espanyols Antifeixistes que se celebrà entre el 21 i el 22 d'agost de 1937 a Nimes (Llenguadoc, Occitània). Desconeixem la data i el lloc de la seva defunció.

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Foto de Violeta Férnandez Saavedra en la seva documentació del Servei de Migració mexicà (maig de 1940)

Foto de Violeta Férnandez Saavedra en la seva documentació del Servei de Migració mexicà (maig de 1940)

- Violeta Fernández Saavedra: El 30 de juny de 1913 neix a Santa Clara (Villa Clara, Cuba) la mestra anarquista Violeta Fernández Saavedra. Néta de l'intel·lectual i pedagog anarquista Abelardo Saavedra del Toro, sos pares havien estat expulsats d'Espanya. En 1920 sa família retornà a la Península i, després d'un temps a Madrid (Espanya), s'instal·là a Barcelona. Quan decidí ingressar a l'Escola Normal de Mestres s'adonà que no tenia documentació legal i argumentà que la seva acta de naixement s'havia destruït en un incendi i fou registrada oficialment com a nascuda el 30 de juny de 1914 a Barcelona (Catalunya). Partidària de la pedagogia racionalista, va fer de mestra en una escola de Badalona (Barcelonès, Catalunya). Milità en la Secció de Mestres del Sindicat Únic de Professions Liberals de la Confederació Nacional del Treball (CNT), del qual fou secretària en 1936, i participà en la creació de l'Ateneu «Sol y Vida». Durant la Revolució espanyola treballà de mestra per al Comitè de l'Escola Nova Unificada (CENU) i dirigí el col·legi que s'instal·là als locals expropiats a la Lliga Catalana de Barcelona. A finals de 1938 el Ministeri d'Instrucció Pública l'encomanà l'evacuació de 50 infants que portà a París (França). A Colombes (Illa de França, França) dirigí una escola on estudiaven 70 infants espanyols. El maig de 1940 s'exilià a Mèxic amb el seu company, el destacat militant anarquista Aurelio Fernández Sánchez, i impartí la docència a l'Institut Luis Vives de la ciutat de Mèxic, també conegut com Col·legi Espanyol de Mèxic. En 1942 s'instal·là a Puebla (Puebla, Mèxic), on treballà en una escola. A mitjans dels anys seixanta retornà amb son company a França i participà força en el moviment llibertari. Quan la crisi confederal de 1965, s'acostà als «reformistes». En la dècada dels setanta retornà a Mèxic i col·laborà en els periòdics La Jornada i La Jornada de Oriente. Violeta Fernández Saavedra va morir el 19 d'abril de 2005 a Puebla (Puebla, Mèxic), a conseqüència d'una afecció respiratòria.

Aurelio Fernández Sánchez (1892-1974)

Anarcoefemèrides

Defuncions

Lev Metxnikov

Lev Metxnikov

- Lev Metxnikov: El 30 de juny de 1888 mor a Neuchâtel (Neuchâtel, Suïssa) el científic, geògraf, etnòleg, artista i escriptor anarquista i garibaldí Lev IlIitx Metxnikov, també conegut per la seva transcripció francesa com Léon Metchnikoff o com Lev Mechnikov. Havia nascut el 30 de maig de 1838 --el 18 de maig de 1838, segons el calendari julià-- a Peterburg (Rússia). Son pare va ser propietari a Khàrkiv (Ucraïna) i sa mare era d'origen israelita. Malalt durant la infància, no va poder suportar el rude clima del nord i en 1851 la família va emigrar a Khàrkiv perquè continués els seus estudis en millors condicions. Restablert, amb 16 anys va fugir del col·legi cap a Crimea per prendre part en la defensa de Sebastòpol; detingut pel camí, va ser tornat a la força a l'escola. Poc després, va començar a estudiar medecina a la Universitat de Khàrkiv, però set mesos després, va ser expulsat per revoltós. De tornada a Peterburg, va freqüentar l'Acadèmia de Medecina i va assistir als cursos de la Facultat de Física i de Matemàtiques, a més d'estudiar a l'Acadèmia d'Arts i a l'Institut de Llengües Orientals. En poc temps va aconseguir una educació multidisciplinar, sabent compaginar el seu esperit de revolta amb el règim universitari opressiu. En 1858 va ser triat com a intèrpret de la missió diplomàtica enviada als Sants Llocs sota la direcció de Mansurov. Després de visitar Constantinoble, el mont Athos i Jerusalem, a resultes d'un duel i d'una conducta poc respectuosa amb els sues caps, va ser rellevat del seu càrrec d'intèrpret. Després va entrar com a agent en una societat de navegació i de comerç; després d'un temps a Beirut i a Galati, no content amb la feina de negociant, va fugir, sense passaport i sense gaire recursos, cap a Venècia amb la finalitat de continuar amb els seus estudis de pintura, una de les seves grans passions. En aquesta època va participar en grups que lluitaven per l'alliberament d'Itàlia. Perseguit com a sospitós per la policia austríaca, va aconseguir fugir cap a Liorna i va entrar en un destacament rebel a Milbitz. Quan es va assabentar a Venècia de l'Expedició dels Mil de Garibaldi, va marxar ràpidament a Gènova, però va arribar tard: els bucs amb els voluntaris ja havien salpat la nit entre el 4 i el 5 de maig de 1860. Després de nombroses peripècies, va aconseguir arribar al sud de la península italiana i va combatre a Nàpols i a Calàbria com a capità del Centre de Comandament d'una brigada garibaldina. L'1 d'octubre de 1860, al riu Vulturno, va ser greument ferit per una mina i va ser portat a l'hospital de Nàpols, on camarades abnegats, entre ells Alexandre Dumas, el van salvar d'una mort segura. En 1861 va sortir «Annotazioni dei garibaldini», publicat en lliuraments a la revista en rus Russkij Vestnik (El Missatger Rus) i que va signar només amb la primera lletra del seu llinatge; l'any següent va publicar en la revista Il Contemporaneo l'assaig «Caprera», també sobre Garibaldi, sota el pseudònim Leon Brandi per raons de censura. Els anys següents, a Nàpols, a Liorna, a Florència, a Ginebra, els va consagrar a la propaganda política i social; i gràcies a la seva variada educació i al seu coneixement de les deu principals llengües europees, va esdevenir el traductor dels revolucionaris europeus (Garibaldi, Gerstsen, Bakunin, etc.), i va haver d'efectuar missions perilloses a Itàlia i a Espanya. Malgrat estar malalt, no va conèixer la fatiga i va desenvolupar una gran tasca propagandística: discursos, conferències, correspondència, articles a periòdics i revistes en diferents llengües, etc. Va col·laborar sobretot en dos famosos periòdics russos: Kolokol (La Campana), de Gerstsen (Herzen), i Sobremenik (El Contemporani), de Tchernichevsky. Per sobreviure, publicava amb els seu nom i amb pseudònim en revistes russes articles diversos sobre temes científics, sempre i quan no fossin detectats per la censura tsarista, ja que tota la seva obra estava prohibida. Però com que aquests ingressos eren insuficients, en 1873 va decidir estudiar xinès i japonès per fer de professor en una important escola de l'Extrem Orient. A començaments de 1874 va marxar a Tòquio, convidat pel ministre d'Instrucció Púbica per reorganitzar una escola russa fundada per estudiants japonesos. Aquesta institució prosperà força, un eixam d'alumnes acudia per a estudiar amb els mètodes científics d'Occident ensenyats en la seva llengua, amb professors vinguts d'Europa i d'Amèrica. Però després d'un temps, una anèmia galopant el va obligar a retornar a Europa, a través de Hawaii, de San Francisco i de Nova York, sempre portant el manuscrit del llibre que havia escrit i il·lustrat, L'Empire japonais, que va ser publicat a Ginebra en 1881. Poc després de tornar del Japó, va conèixer Élisée Reclus, a qui va ajudar en les descripcions sobre Xina i Japó de l'obra reclusiana Nouvelle Géographie Universelle. Els anys següents, a Clarens, a la riba suïssa del llac Léman, va continuar ajudant Élisée Reclus en els seus estudis, amb traduccions de llengües que aquest no coneixia, amb la redacció de estudis i de memòries, llegint i anotant proves, arranjant llibres i manuscrits, etc. En 1883 el Consell d'Estat de Neuchâtel li va oferir la plaça de professor d'Estadística i de Geografia Comparada a l'Acadèmia, càrrec que acceptà entusiasmat. En 1886 va publicar Une dynastie archaique du Japon. Malalt, l'hivern 1887 va agafar una excedència, i va retornar a Clarens amb l'ànim de continuar fent feina, però els metges van trobar que la seva malmesa salut era irreversible. Lev Metxnikov va morir, després de molt de patir, el 30 de juny de 1888 --el 18 de juny de 1888, segons el calendari julià-- a Neuchâtel (Suïssa). Pòstumament es va publicar La civilisation et les grands fleuves historiques (1889), amb un prefaci i necrològica del seu gran amic Élisée Reclus. Son germà, el biòleg Ilya Metxnikov (Élie Metchnikoff), va ser un dels fundadors de la immunologia i premi Nobel de Medicina en 1908. Les idees de Metxnikov sobre el paper del medi geogràfic van influir en el marxisme acadèmic soviètic, especialment en Plekhanov.

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Giulio Tanini

Giulio Tanini

- Giulio Tanini: El 30 de juny de 1921 mor a Gènova (Ligúria, Itàlia) el ferroviari, professor, científic, inventor, escriptor, poliglota, maçó i propagandista anarquista i sindicalista Giulio Tanini. Havia nascut el 29 de juliol de 1855 a Lucca (Toscana, Itàlia). Quan encara era un infant, amb sa mare i son germà, s'uní a seguici de son pare, Pericle Tanini, coronel de l'Exercit piemontès, en l'«Expedició dels Mil» de Giuseppe Garibaldi. En 1959 fou testimoni de la batalla de Solferino i San Martino, on, en una tenda, morí sa mare –altra versió diu que aquesta morí en 1860 a Parma (Emília-Romanya, Itàlia) a resultes de les penúries patides al front. Després d'aquesta precoç mort i de diverses vicissituds, retornà a Lucca, on, vivint amb l'àvia, acabà els estudis superiors destacant per la seva intel·ligència. A l'Estació de Valfonda de Florència (Toscana, Itàlia) trobà feina de funcionari als Ferrocarrils Romans i perfeccionà i inventà algunes màquines que permeteren unes comunicacions més fluïdes. Per les seves activitats en defensa dels companys de treball va ser enviat com a càstig a la Maremma (Toscana, Itàlia), on va viure fins el 1884. En aquests anys s'acostà la moviment republicà seguidor de Giuseppe Mazzini i posteriorment passà al moviment internacionalista, col·laborant en diverses publicacions. Es casà amb Adele Burgetti. Quan esclatà l'epidèmia de còlera a Nàpols (Campània, Itàlia) s'uní al grup de Felice Cavalloti que ajudà els pacients; condecorat amb una medalla d'or, la va vendre per a socórrer els pacients de l'epidèmia. En aquesta època col·laborà en el periòdic L'Amico. En 1885 va ser processat arran d'un article publicat en Il Treno, de Liorna (Toscana, Itàlia), i el gener d'aquest mateix any emigrà a Buenos Aires (Argentina), on col·laborà en L'Italia del Popolo. Després de viatjar arreu tota Sud-Amèrica, visqué un temps a Nova York (Nova York, EUA), on en 1887 entrà a treballar en una companyia de telègrafs com a inspector en cap d'un vaixell que reparava els cables submarins que operava a Amèrica (Brasil, Argentina, Uruguai, etc.) i col·laborà en Il Proletario. Durant aquesta vida errant, aprengué diferents llengües i algunes fonts diuen que, a començaments del segle, en parlava correctament 14. Establert a Mercedes (Soriano, Uruguai) en 1888, va ser nomenat professor de física i química en una escola superior, dirigí en aquesta època l'Institut Meteorològic Uruguaià de Montevideo i fundà una lògia maçònica. Realitzà importants exploracions al Mato Grosso americà i en acabar aquest viatge va escriure un llibre sobre plantes medicinals que va ser plagiat per la persona a la qual va confiar la seva impressió, perdent els drets d'autor. Participà activament en els fets revolucionaris d'Amèrica Llatina d'aquells anys, en els quals moriren tres fills, va ser durament perseguit i restà empresonat en diferents ocasions. Decebut i amargat, en 1893 retornà a Itàlia i s'establí a Pisa (Toscana, Itàlia), trobant feina al despatx d'un notari. En aquesta ciutat col·laborà en la recerca científica amb diversos professors (Battelli, Righi i Schiapparelli), fent viatges per tot arreu (Rússia Austràlia, Nova Zelanda, Àfrica, Pol Nord, etc.), i per un breu període de temps residí a Tunísia, on treballà de revisor ferroviari. Inventà un avisador d'inundacions, un telèfon «altisonant» i un anemògraf, entre altres objectes. Després retornà a la Toscana i a Liorna obrí una escola d'idiomes. En aquest període, en el qual es va afiliar al Partit Socialista Italià (PSI) i del qual formà part de la seva direcció central, continuà mantenint relacions amb els moviments llibertari i republicà, i va escriure poesia social. A principis del segle XX es traslladà a Gènova (Ligúria, Itàlia), on va obrir una nova escola. Entre 1908 i 1911 viatjà a Anglaterra i als Estats Units. En 1911 s'instal·là de bell nou a Gènova, on inicià les seves col·laboracions amb Il Lavoro. En 1913 col·laborà en diferents qüestions amb la Federazione dei Lavoratori del Mare (FLM, Federació dels Treballadors del Mar). Intensificà la seva activitats propagandístiques sindicalistes entre els obrers marítims i col·laborà en les tasques organitzatives amb el capità Giuseppe Giulietti. Col·laborà en nombrosos periòdics obrers, com ara Lavoratore del Mare, Avanti! o Il Libertario –en aquesta última publicació també col·laborà en els anys anteriors a la Gran Guerra son fill Alighiero, militant llibertari com son pare. És autor de L'ombra del viandante. Elegia in memoria di Ceccardo Roccatagliata Ceccardi (1919), Al poeta Carlo Malinverni (1920), Cenni biografici della vita di Amilcare Cipriani. A favore della erezione dell'asilo, intitolato all'Eroe Romagnolo (1920), Pro asilo Amilcare Cipriani (1920), Vita di Giulio Pane scritta da lui medesimo, scoperta e resa alla luce (1922), Storia della Federazione Italiana Lavoratori del Mare dal maggio 1909 al giugno 1921 (1952, pòstum), i deixà inèdites diverses obres científiques. Durant sa vida mantingué una intensa correspondència amb multitud d'intel·lectuals i científics del seu temps (Battelli, Schiapparelli, Righi, William Crookes, W. Kausar, Cesare Lombroso, Galletti, Piotr Kropotkin, Élisée Reclus, Papini, Malinverni, Macaggi, Petroni, Viani, Prati, Giuffrè, etc.). Fou membre de la Federazione Rudici Garibaldini (FRG, Federació de Veterans Garibaldins), de la qual va ser nomenat membre honorari a perpetuïtat. Giulio Tanini va morir el 30 de juny de 1921 a la Casa de Salut del Galliera de Gènova (Ligúria, Itàlia). En aquesta ciutat existeix un carrer que porta el seu nom com a homenatge.

Giulio Tanini (1855-1921)

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Saverio Merlino

Saverio Merlino

- Saverio Merlino: El 30 de juny de 1930 mor a Roma (Itàlia) l'advocat i intel·lectual anarquista Francesco Saverio Merlino. Havia nascut el 15 de setembre de 1856 a Nàpols (Campània, Itàlia). En 1875 va descobrir l'anarquisme, esdevenint una figura destacada i influent en el pensament llibertari internacional. En 1878 va defensar com a advocat el grup internacionalista insurreccional, encapçalat per Errico Malatesta i Carlo Cafiero, conegut com la «Banda del Matese» i va aconseguir l'absolució dels acusats. En 1884 el seu compromís polític el va portar a l'exili, com molts altres companys, i es va instal·lar a Anglaterra, realitzar diversos viatges als Estats Units. El juny de 1885, a París, va intentar coordinar l'acció dels grups italians i francesos. Va ser partidari de l'entrada dels anarquistes en les organitzacions obreres i es va oposar a les expropiacions individuals. A començaments de 1891 va participar en el Congrés de Capolago la finalitat del qual era crear un partit anarquista. En 1892 realitzà una gira de conferències arreu dels Estats Units i va fundar dos periòdics, Il Grido degli Oppressi i Solidarity, abans de tornar clandestinament a Itàlia en 1893. El 30 de gener de 1894 va ser detingut a Nàpols i empresonat fins al maig de 1896 per complir antigues penes. Establert definitivament a Roma, durant les eleccions de 1897 va ser partidari d'anar a les votacions, rebutjant la postura tradicional anarquista abstencionista, fet que va provocar una dura polèmica amb Malatesta, que finalment va fer que s'allunyés del pensament anarquista i abracés el socialisme parlamentari. En el seu llibre Formes et essence du socialisme (1898) proposa una interpretació liberal i gradualista del socialisme i del marxisme, que va ser difosa a França per Georges Sorel. En aquesta època va mantenir una intensa correspondència amb Edward Bernstein. Encara que allunyat de les estratègies purament anarquistes, sempre, emperò, va defensar els companys anarquistes perseguits; com ara durant el judici d'Ancona, entre el 21 i el 28 d'abril de 1898, on juntament amb els advocats Pietro Gori i Enrico Ferri, va assumir la defensa dels anarquistes, inclòs Malatesta, inculpats arran dels motins contra l'augment del pa del gener d'aquell any. En 1898 va participar en les eleccions locals de Nàpols en les llistes dels socialistes del Bloc Popular. En 1899 va dirigir la publicació teòrica heterodoxa Rivista crítica del socialismo, juntament amb Sorel i els napolitans Enrico Leone i Arturo Labriola. En aquest mateix any va mantenir una dura polèmica amb Turati. El 29 d'agost de 1900 salvà de la pena de mort l'executor del rei Humbert I d'Itàlia, Gaetano Bresci. També va defensar els companys perseguits durant les ocupacions de fàbriques a Torí i en el procés de l'atemptat del teatre Diana de Milà, entre d'altres. En 1901 es va adherir oficialment al Partit Socialista Italià (PSI) i va defensar la línia reformista però antiparlamentària. En 1907 desil·lusionat de la vida política es va retirar per exercir exclusivament com a misser. Durant els últims anys de sa vida va criticar durament els totalitarismes feixista i comunista. Entre les seves obres podem destacar Socialismo o monopolismo? (1887), L’Italie telle qu’elle est (1890), Necessità e basi di un accordo (1892), L’individualismo nell’anarchismo (1893), Pro e contro il socialismo (1897), L’utopia collettivista e la crisi del «socialismo scientifico» (1898), Fascismo e democrazia (1924), Politica e Magistratura dal 1860 ad oggi in Italia (1925), Il problema economico e politico del socialismo (1948, pòstum), Il socialismo senza Marx. Studi e polemiche per una revisione della dottrina socialista (1897-1930) (1974, pòstum), entre d'altres.

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Antiga Facultat de Ciències de Rennes

Antiga Facultat de Ciències de Rennes

- Isidore Pouget: El 30 de juny de 1933 mor a Salles-la-Sources (Guiana, Occitània) el científic anarquista Isidore Pouget. Germà del revolucionari anarquista Émile Pouget, a començaments de la dècada del noranta del segle XIX vagabundejà arreu Occitània. En 1894 fou membre del grup llibertari de Seta. Aprofitant el seu càrrec de professor a l'Institut de Seta, ajudà nombrosos companys. Més tard fou nomenat professor de la Facultat de Ciències de Rennes, on participà activament en la campanya a favor d'Aldred Dreyfus. Destinat a la Facultat de Ciències d'Alger (Algèria), realitzà importants treballs científics sobre les malalties de la vinya i sobre la utilització de l'energia solar.

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          Human Rights Watch Country Profiles: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity   

The following are excerpts from the Human Rights Watch 2017 World Report  that relate to the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people. The report, released in January 2017, documented events of 2016. In some cases, we have added updates from the first half of 2017.

The countries are all listed below in alphabetical order. This compilation is not comprehensive. If a country is not listed, that means there was no mention of LGBTI/SOGI issues for that country in the 2017 World Report. For example, many of the smaller Caribbean countries and some African countries are omitted due to research limitations, but most have anti-LGBT laws on the books and pervasive homophobia and transphobia. On the other hand, several countries that are not included here made progress in the 2016-2017 period: Belize, Nauru and the Seychelles all decriminalized consensual same-sex conduct, for example. Human Rights Watch has only recently begun investigating the rights of intersex people, so there are few references to intersex rights.

This is a living document which will be updated regularly to reflect new events and further Human Rights Watch research.

Last updated: June 23, 2017

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Argentina

In 2010, Argentina became the first Latin American country to legalize same-sex marriage. The Civil Marriage Law allows same-sex couples to enter into civil marriages and affords them the legal protections of marriage enjoyed by opposite sex couples, including adoption rights and pension benefits. Since 2010, nearly 15,000 same-sex couples have married nationwide. In 2012, the landmark Gender Identity Law established the right of individuals over the age of 18 to choose their gender identity, undergo gender reassignment, and revise official documents without any prior judicial or medical approval.

Armenia

Activists reported that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LBGTI) people face discrimination, harassment, and violence. The government has not addressed hate speech or discrimination against LGBTI people. Gender identity and sexual orientation are not included as protected grounds in anti-discrimination or hate speech laws, limiting legal recourse for many crimes against LGBTI people. Following the October 2015 Rainbow forum, organized by Armenian LGBTI-friendly groups to discuss protection and promotion of minority rights, anonymous people targeted some participants with intimidation and threats, mostly on social media, including to burn and kill them. Authorities refused to launch a criminal investigation into the threats, citing lack of evidence. In June 2016, the LGBT rights group, PINK Armenia, published a survey revealing that 90 percent of the population is hostile to LGBTI people and support limits on their rights. In July 2016, PINK Armenia released a report documenting 46 cases of violence and discrimination against LGBTI people in 2015. The government has not taken meaningful steps to combat stereotypes and discrimination against LGBTI people.

Australia

Australia does not recognize the right of same-sex couples to marry. The Australian government announced a plebiscite on the right of same-sex couples to marry, but political opponents blocked it, arguing a plebiscite is expensive and wasteful and that the issue should be determined by a parliamentary free vote.

Australia continued its policy of intercepting asylum seekers and forcibly transferring them to Nauru and, until 2016, to Manus Island in Papua New Guinea. Asylum seekers or refugees perceived to be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex (LGBTI) face harassment and abuse despite the recent decriminalization of same-sex conduct in Nauru. In Papua New Guinea, such conduct remains criminalized.

Bangladesh

Bangladesh witnessed a spate of violent attacks against secular bloggers, academics, gay rights activists, foreigners, and members of religious minorities in 2016. Prominent gay activists Xulhaz Mannan, the founder of Roopbaan, Bangladesh’s first lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) magazine, and Mahbub Rabby Tonoy, the general secretary of the group, were  murdered in April. Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) claimed responsibility for the killings. Fearing for their lives, many LGBT activists sought temporary refuge outside the country.

“Carnal intercourse against the order of nature” carries a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison. In May 2017, police raided a private gathering of gay and bisexual men, and allegedly paraded them in front of media, exposing them to their families and the public. Authorities said they declined to press charges under the colonial-era sodomy law because they did not catch the men in the act of sexual intercourse. The government has twice rejected recommendations to repeal the colonial-era law during its Universal Periodic Review at the UN Human Rights Council. The Bangladesh cabinet in 2014 declared legal recognition of a third gender category for hijras—a traditional cultural identity for transgender people who, assigned male at birth, do not identify as men—but the absence of a definition of the term or procedure for gaining recognition of third gender status led to abuses in implementation of the legal change. In June and July 2015, a group of hijras were subjected to harassment and invasive and abusive physical examinations at a government hospital as a requirement to join a government employment program. The Bangladesh National Human Rights Commission in 2017 agreed with LGBT civil society groups to establish a desk at the commission for reporting SOGI-related issues.

Belarus

Parliament adopted a vaguely worded bill in May 2016 on “protecting children from information harmful for their health and development.” These provisions may be used to restrict dissemination of neutral or positive information about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people as “discrediting the institution of the family.”

Bolivia

In May 2016, the Plurinational Assembly passed a bill that allows people to revise the gender noted on their identification documents without prior judicial approval. Same-sex couples in Bolivia are not allowed to marry or engage in civil unions. The 2009 constitution defines marriage as the union of a man and a woman.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Sarajevo Open Centre, the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights organization, documented 23 cases of hate speech and incitement of violence and hate and two crimes and incidents motivated by prejudice on the basis of sexual orientation and/or gender identity in the first three months of 2016. The reaction of authorities to these incidents is generally inadequate. There was no progress in police investigations into the 2014 attack on a film festival that Sarajevo Open Centre organized.

In its annual progress on Bosnia and Herzegovina published in November, the European Commission highlighted the failure of authorities to amend the constitution, in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights and to implement rulings by the Constitutional Court. The report also identified inadequate legal protection for LGBTI persons and the failure of authorities to protect adequately the rights of minorities and to ensure media freedom.

Brazil

Brazil’s Supreme Court approved same-sex marriage in 2011 and it upheld the right of same-sex couples to adopt children in 2015. But the Chamber of Deputies was, at time of writing, debating a bill that would define a family as a union between a man and a woman. The national Human Rights Ombudsman’s Office received 1,983 complaints of violence, discrimination, and other abuses experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in 2015. In the first half of 2016 the ombudsman received 879 such complaints.

Burma

Burma’s national penal code criminalizes consensual same-sex behavior between adult men. In recent years police have arrested gay men and transgender women assembling in public places, and politicians have called for the “education” of gay people.

Cameroon

Cameroon’s penal code punishes “sexual relations between persons of the same sex” with up to five years in prison. The law is regularly enforced, and in previous years, the Cameroonian authorities have subjected men arrested under this law to forced anal examinations. Although the number of arrests appeared to decrease for several years, activists reported a new uptick in arrests and prosecutions in 2016.

Chile

A “civil union” bill presented by former President Sebastián Piñera in 2011 that provides legal recognition and protection for same-sex couples became law in April 2015 and went into effect in October 2015. In September 2016, the Senate Human Rights Commission approved a bill to recognize the gender identity of transgender people, with a Senate vote expected in December.

China

China has no law protecting people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, and there is no legal recognition of same-sex partnership. Possibly because their activism is not considered threatening to the state, LGBT individuals enjoyed some success advancing legal cases in 2016. In January, a Hunan court heard a case filed by Sun Wenlin against the local Bureau of Civil Affairs, which had refused to marry Sun and his male partner. Though the court ruled against Sun in April, his case—the first gay marriage lawsuit accepted by Chinese courts—attracted wide media attention. In June, a Henan court accepted a case filed by Yu Hu against a mental health hospital that had subjected him to 19 days of involuntary “therapy” to “cure” his homosexuality. Also in June, a Guangdong university student, Qiu Bai, sued the provincial education department over textbooks that depict homosexuality as an illness. Qiu filed a similar suit in 2015, though she withdrew it later because the department had promised to look into the matter. She decided to sue again after the authorities’ pledge failed to materialize. In June, China voted against a UN resolution creating an expert post dedicated to addressing violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Colombia

In September 2016, the Council of the State—one of Colombia’s high courts—annulled the 2012 re-election of Alejandro Ordoñez as the country’s inspector general and dismissed him from office. Under Colombian law, the inspector general is charged with protecting human rights, but during his seven years in office, Ordoñez repeatedly sought to undermine the rights of women and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people.

In recent years, authorities in Colombia have taken several steps to recognize the rights of LGBT people. In June 2015, the Justice Ministry issued a decree allowing people to revise the gender noted on their identification documents without prior judicial approval. In November 2015, the Constitutional Court ruled that sexual orientation could not be used to prohibit someone from adopting a child, although a legislative proposal to hold a referendum on this issue remained pending at time of writing. In April 2016, the Constitutional Court upheld the right of same-sex couples to marry. In October 2016, FARC leaders met with conservative politicians and agreed to promote a definition of the family as formed by a man and a woman. The FARC backtracked after meeting with LGBT representatives days later. Conservative politicians and evangelist leaders had attacked the peace agreement claiming that it would “destroy families.” Between January and June 2016, the Ombudsman’s Office received 89 reports of cases of violence against LGBTI people.

Cote d’Ivoire

No law prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity, or intersex status. Côte d’Ivoire does not criminalize same-sex conduct, but the criminal code establishes higher penalties for same-sex couples convicted of public acts of indecency. Two men were in November convicted of public indecency and sentenced to three-month prison terms after being accused of same-sex sexual acts. Two gay men were assaulted in June 2016 after a photo was published of them signing a book of condolences to the victims of a shooting at a gay nightclub in Florida, US.

Croatia

In February, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) ruled that Croatia discriminated on grounds of sexual orientation against a woman from Bosnia and Herzegovina, by denying her the right to a residence permit in Croatia to join her female partner.

Ecuador

In 2016, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled against Ecuador in a case determining that it is discriminatory to punish officers who allegedly have homosexual sex on military installations.

Egypt

Sexual relations outside marriage are criminalized. Since 2013, authorities have pursued a campaign to intimidate, track, and arrest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, including entrapment using social media applications. Police regularly used forced anal examinations in prosecutions of those suspected of homosexual sex. Solidarity With Egypt LGBTQ+, an advocacy group, said it had recorded 114 criminal investigations involving 274 LGBT individuals launched between the end of 2013 and November 2016, 66 of which involved the authorities’ use of social media.

Estonia

The government failed to adopt amendments that would allow the Co-Habitation Act to fully enter into force in 2016. The act is progressive legislation that extends the rights of marriage to unmarried—including same-sex—couples, encompassing, among other things, child adoption and property rights.

Gambia

The government continued to resist calls to repeal laws that criminalize homosexuality, including an October 2014 law that introduced a series of new “aggravated homosexuality” offenses that impose sentences of up to life in prison. The criminalization of same-sex conduct leaves lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Gambians at risk of arbitrary arrest and detention, although fewer arrests and physical abuse of LGBT Gambians were reported in 2016.

Georgia

In August, President Giorgi Margvelashvili blocked a referendum bid on defining marriage as a union of a man and a woman, saying that the issue is already covered in the civil code. Kvirikashvili vowed to pursue a constitutional definition of marriage after the October elections, arguing that this would help counter alleged Western efforts to spread same-sex marriage “propaganda” in Georgia. Local rights groups feared this effort would further marginalize the LGBT community and intensify anti-LGBT prejudice. Authorities declined a request by LGBT activists to hold an event to mark International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHO) on Tbilisi’s main thoroughfare, stating it was already booked for a procession by Orthodox groups to mark Family Day, an annual event established by the Orthodox Church in 2014. Activists refused to celebrate IDAHO in the alternative venue offered. The Women’s Initiatives Supporting Group (WISG), a local LGBTI rights group, said it documented almost 20 cases of attacks against transgender people in 2016. In October, a transgender woman was beaten and stabbed in what rights groups suspected was a hate crime. Police arrested a suspect on attempted murder charges, and the public defender urged authorities to examine a possible hate motive.

Honduras

Rampant crime and impunity for human rights abuses remain the norm in Honduras. Despite a downward trend in recent years, the murder rate is among the highest in the world. Journalists, peasant activists, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are among those most vulnerable to violence.

In June 2016, several United Nations agencies working in Honduras urged the government to investigate killings of LGBTI activists and noted that sexual violence against LGBTI individuals forces them into “internal displacement” or to flee the country in search of international protection.

Hungary

In August 2016, a lower court sentenced a right-wing extremist to 10 years’ imprisonment for violent attacks between 2007 and 2009, including throwing Molotov cocktails at the homes of socialist MPs and an attack on a gay bar in Budapest.

In July, the ECtHR ruled that Hungary had arbitrarily detained an Iranian gay man and failed to take into account his vulnerability in detention arising from his sexual orientation.

India

In February 2016, the Supreme Court of India allowed a challenge to section 377 of the penal code to proceed, referring the case to a five-judge bench. The colonial-era provision, which the court had upheld in 2013, criminalizes same-sex relations between adults. In June, several well-known LGBT professionals filed a petition in Supreme Court arguing that section 377 violates the right to life and personal liberty, but the Supreme Court deferred the petition to the Chief Justice. In August, the government introduced a new bill in parliament on the rights of transgender persons. The bill was flawed, however, by provisions that were inconsistent with the 2014 Supreme Court ruling that recognized transgender individuals as a third gender and found them eligible for quotas in jobs and education.

India’s voting record on rights issues at the UN was disappointing. In July, the government abstained on a resolution that created a UN expert post to address discrimination against LGBT persons and voted in favor of amendments to weaken the mandate, saying India’s Supreme Court was still to decide on the issue of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights.

Indonesia

Starting in January 2016, high-ranking Indonesian officials made a series of vitriolic anti-LGBT statements and policy pronouncements, fueling increased threats and at times violent attacks on LGBT activists and individuals. In some cases, the threats and violence occurred in the presence, and with the tacit support, of government officials or security forces. State institutions, including the National Broadcasting Commission and the National Child Protection Commission, issued censorship directives banning information and broadcasts that portrayed the lives of LGBT people as “normal” as well as so-called propaganda about LGBT lives. Ministries proposed discriminatory and regressive anti-LGBT laws. An ongoing case in the Constitutional Court is considering a petition that proposed amending the criminal code to criminalize sex outside of marriage and same-sex sexual relations. During the initial hearings, the petitioners—led by a group called the Family Love Alliance—put forward ill-informed and bigoted testimony similar to the anti-LGBT rhetoric espoused by Indonesian officials and politicians earlier that year. The government, the respondent in the case, said criminalizing sex out of wedlock would make “the sinner a criminal, and the government authoritarian,” a view echoed in testimony by the National Commission on Violence Against Women and other groups opposed to the petition. At time of writing the court had not yet ruled on the petition. While president Joko Widodo, or “Jokowi” in October 2016 declared that police must protect LGBT people and not discriminate against them, he failed to uphold that principle in action. In 2017, police raided at least two private gatherings of gay and bisexual men on the pretense of the discriminatory anti-pornography law, which construes gay sex as “deviant” and prescribes increased punishments for it, and Sharia police publicly flogged two gay men for private, consensual sex in Aceh province.

Iran

Under Iranian law, many nonviolent crimes, such as “insulting the Prophet,” apostasy, same-sex relations, adultery, and drug-related offenses, are punishable by death.

In March, the United Nations Children’s Rights Committee noted that flogging was still a lawful punishment for boys and girls convicted of certain crimes. The committee noted reports that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) children had been subjected to electric shocks to “cure” them.

Iraq

ISIS’s Diwan al-Hisba (Moral Policing Administration) and online media apparatuses have publicly announced 27 executions of allegedly gay men, at least nine of them in Iraq. The main method ISIS used to execute these men has been to throw them off the roofs of high-rise buildings.

Iraq’s penal code does not prohibit same-sex intimacy, although article 394 makes it illegal to engage in extra-marital sexual relations. Due to the fact that the law does not expressly allow same-sex marriage, it effectively prohibits all same-sex relations. In July 2016 Moqtada al-Sadr, the prominent Shia opposition cleric, stated that although same-sex relationships are not acceptable, individuals who do not conform to gender norms suffer from “psychological problems,” and should not be attacked.

Israel/Palestine

There are different legal systems in occupied Palestinian Territory. The British Mandate Criminal Code Ordinance, No. 74 of 1936 is in force in Gaza. In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, the Jordanian Penal Code of 1960 applies, and does not contain provisions prohibiting adult consensual same-sex conduct. In Gaza, having “unnatural intercourse” of a sexual nature, understood to include same-sex relationships, is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison. In February 2016, Hamas’s armed wing executed one of its fighters ostensibly for “behavioral and moral violations,” which Hamas officials acknowledged meant same-sex relations.

Italy

As of May 2016, same-sex couples may have their relationships legally recognized as civil unions, though they do not have the right to adopt.

Japan

A bipartisan parliamentary group established in March 2015 continued to discuss legislation to address discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, but at time of writing it had yet to come up with an agreed draft bill. Japanese law treats those requesting legal recognition as transgender as having a “Gender Identity Disorder” and requires obtaining such medical diagnosis. It also requires forced sterilization, compulsory single status, not having any underage children, and being 20 years or older. While same-sex marriage is not legally recognized in Japan, Tokyo’s Shibuya ward in April 2015 became the first municipality to pass a regulation recognizing same-sex partnerships, with more municipalities recognizing such partnerships in 2016 and 2017. Bullying is a problem in Japanese schools generally, and particularly so against LGBT students. In April 2016, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) for the first time released a guidebook for teachers regarding sexual orientation and gender identity. And in 2017, MEXT announced amendments to the national bullying prevention policy to include specific mention of LGBT students for the first time.

Jamaica

Jamaica is moving toward a revision of its rape law, which currently defines rape as the penetration of the vagina with the penis without consent. A proposal has been floated for a new law that is gender neutral. The absence of a gender-neutral rape law has been put forth in the past by politicians as justification for retaining Jamaica’s colonial-era “buggery” law, which criminalizes both consensual and non-consensual sex between men. The possible promulgation of a gender-neutral law on rape or sexual assault may therefore be a first step toward decriminalization of consensual same-sex conduct.

Kazakhstan

Surveys of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people reveal that many hide their sexual orientation or gender identity—including to healthcare providers—out of fear of reprisals or discrimination. When LGBT people report abuse, they often face indifference and hostility from authorities. Transgender people must undergo humiliating and invasive procedures—including coerced sterilization—to change gender on official documents. Without identity documents, transgender people struggle to access employment, healthcare, and education. The UN Human Rights Committee called on the government to end discrimination and violence against LGBT people and review gender-reassignment surgery procedures.

Kenya

Kenya’s penal code prohibits “carnal knowledge against the order of nature,” generally understood as consensual sex between men, and “indecent practices between males.” Civil society organizations and activists filed two landmark constitutional petitions against these sections in April and June 2016, arguing that the laws violate constitutional rights, including the rights to equality and nondiscrimination, human dignity, freedom and security of the person, privacy, and health. Kenya continued the prosecution of two men on charges of “carnal knowledge” after police arbitrarily arrested them in Kwale County in February 2015. The case remained open but was suspended pending the ruling of a constitutional petition filed by the two men, asserting that state officials had violated their rights by subjecting them to a forced anal examination. The High Court rejected the petition on the grounds that the men consented to the examination, ignoring that the men were in police custody and not able to provide free and informed consent. The men have appealed the ruling. The government appealed a 2015 High Court decision ordering the Non-Governmental Organizations Board to register the National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (NGLHRC), a civil society group. Parties were awaiting a hearing date at time of writing. The Kenya Film Classification Board overstepped its jurisdiction in asking YouTube to remove a locally produced video addressing same-sex relationships, prohibiting an alleged lesbian speed-dating event, and attempting to ban a podcast with alleged lesbian content.

In May 2017, the Attorney General established a “Taskforce on Policy, Legal, Institutional and Administrative Reforms Regarding Intersex Persons in Kenya.” Its mandate includes to “recommend comprehensive reforms to safeguard the interests of intersex persons.” The secretariat of the task force is based at the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights. The task force will be open to receiving submissions on best practices from around the world, and there is a strong possibility that it will result in the establishment of policies that protect the rights of intersex people. While it will not directly address SOGI related rights, the task force may produce a rights-based framework around intersex people with aspects that will be transferrable to the advancement of LGBT rights.

Kyrgyzstan

LGBT people in Kyrgyzstan experience ill-treatment, extortion, and discrimination by both state and non-state actors. There is widespread impunity for these abuses. On May 24, 2016, the law, order and fighting crime parliamentary committee returned Kyrgyzstan’s anti-LGBT bill, which would ban “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations,” for a repeat second reading, where it then stalled. The bill appears aimed at silencing anyone seeking to openly share information about same-sex relations in Kyrgyzstan. Following a live debate on LGBT rights on national television, Kyrgyzstan’s State Committee on National Security on June 14 summoned the editor-in-chief of Kloop.kg, an online media portal, for questioning about its coverage of the show. The television’s supervisory board also formally reprimanded its general director for airing the content. Also in June, Kyrgyzstan voted against a resolution at the UN Human Rights Council establishing the mandate of an independent expert to address violence and discrimination against LGBT people.

Latvia

According to Latvian LGBT activists, the authorities used a 2015 law on “constitutional morality education” to censor discussion about LGBT people in at least two schools in 2016.

Lebanon

Sexual relations outside of marriage—adultery and fornication—are criminalized under Lebanon’s penal code. Furthermore, article 534 of the penal code punishes “any sexual intercourse contrary to the order of nature” with up to one year in prison. In recent years, authorities conducted raids to arrest persons allegedly involved in same-sex conduct, some of whom were subjected to torture including forced anal examinations. In February 2016, a Syrian refugee, arrested by Lebanese Military Intelligence officers apparently on suspicion he was gay, was allegedly tortured while detained at Military Intelligence, Ministry of Defense, Military Police, and Jounieh police centers. In January 2017, a judge in Metn challenged the legal basis of the arrest of men for same-sex conduct, declaring that homosexuality is “not a criminal offence,” although under Lebanon’s legal system, the ruling does not create a binding precedent.

Malaysia

Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is pervasive in Malaysia. Article 377A of the penal code criminalizes same-sex activity between men with punishments of up to 20 years in prison and whipping. Numerous Sharia-based laws and regulations prohibiting a “man posing as a woman,” sexual relations between women, and sexual relations between men effectively criminalize LGBT people.

Both government and private actors attempted to limit expression in support of LGBT rights. In February 2017, JAKIM (the Ministry for Islamic Development) endorsed so-called “conversion therapy,” claiming that gays should seek guidance from God, “repent,” and enter into heterosexual marriages. In March, the Film Censorship Board demanded that Disney edit out four minutes of the children’s film “Beauty and the Beast” because of a “gay moment.” Disney refused to make any cuts to the film, and the board eventually backed down and allowed the unedited film to be screened in Malaysia. In May, Taylor’s University in Subang Jaya canceled a three-day Pride celebration organized by Pelangi, an LGBT rights organization. In June, the Ministry of Health, in response to strident criticism from activists and the general public, reframed the terms of a youth video competition on sexual and reproductive health, removing language and criteria that stigmatized LGBT identities in favor of language that appears to affirm them.

In February 2017 Sameera, a transgender woman, was murdered in Kuantan. In June, an 18-year-old in Penang, T. Nhaveen, died after a group of teenagers allegedly beat and raped him while taunting him with insults such as “pondan,” a derogatory Malay term for an effeminate male, a gay male, or a transgender woman.

Mexico

Same-sex marriage has been legal in Mexico City since 2010. Since then, nine states have legalized it; in 2015, the Supreme Court opened the door to recognition in all states by ruling that the definition of marriage as a union only between a man and a woman constitutes discrimination and thus violates Mexico’s Constitution. In May 2016, President Peña Nieto introduced a bill to legalize same-sex marriage, to remove sexual orientation and gender identity as barriers to adoption, and to recognize gender identity through the reissuance of birth notices, without a doctor’s involvement. Two committees in the Chamber of Deputies voted against the initiative in November.

Morocco/Western Sahara

Moroccan courts continued to jail persons for same-sex conduct under article 489 of the penal code, which prohibits “lewd or unnatural acts with an individual of the same sex.” A Beni Mellal court convicted two men of homosexuality after a group of youths on March 9 burst into the home of one and pushed the two men naked into the street, filming the assault and later posting the clip online. The two men were freed after spending one month in prison; in April, a court imposed prison terms on two of their attackers. On October 27, police in Marrakesh arrested two girls aged 16 and 17 who were reported for cuddling in a private home. They were jailed for one week and charged under article 489, then provisionally released. In December, they were acquitted.

Authorities require but often refuse to issue permits for foreign broadcast media to film in Morocco. On April 3, police detained and then expelled a crew of the French news program “Le Petit Journal” as it tried to film in a neighborhood of Beni Mellal where the abovementioned gay-bashing assault had taken place.

Nepal

In line with a 2007 Supreme Court decision and a subsequent court order, the government in 2015 began issuing passports in three genders: “male,” “female,” and “other.” Some with “other” passports have successfully traveled abroad with their travel documents recognized by foreign governments. The new constitution recognizes that citizenship is available in three genders, and protects “gender and sexual minorities” in clauses related to equality before the law and social justice. Activists remain frustrated with the lack of implementation of a Supreme Court-mandated committee recommendation that the government recognize same-sex relationships.

Netherlands

At the start of 2016, NGOs reported threats and discrimination against LGBT asylum seekers at asylum facilities, and a Dutch independent monitoring body, the Dutch Board for Protection of Human Rights, found in February that LGBT asylum seekers at a large facility face discrimination.

Nigeria

The passage of the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act, SSMPA in January 2014, has far reaching effects on members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. The law is used to legitimize abuses against LGBT people, including mob violence, sexual abuse, unlawful arrests, torture and extortion by police. On February 13, the police arrested a homosexual couple in the federal capital for allegedly attempting to conduct a wedding. The wedding sponsors and the hotel venue owner were also arrested. The penalty for entering into a gay marriage under the SSMPA is 14 years. Ironically, former President Jonathan who defied global pressure before signing the bill into law, said belatedly in June 2016 that “with the clear knowledge that the issue of sexual orientation is still evolving, the nation may, at the appropriate time, revisit the law.”

In November 2015, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights urged the Nigerian government to review the SSMPA in order to prohibit violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity and ensure access to HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for LGBT individuals.

Pakistan

In 2009, Pakistan’s Supreme Court called for improved police response to cases involving transgender people, and to ensure the rights of transgender people to basic education, employment, and protection. However, despite the court order, violent attacks on transgender and intersex women in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province surged in 2016, with unknown assailants frequently targeting those involved in activism. Official responses have been inadequate. Human rights groups in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have recorded dozens of threats to, and attacks on, people and property, including abuses while in police custody. In September 2016, the National Commission for Human Rights called on the government to investigate the attacks, and in 2016 and 2017 local governments and parliament hearings reflected an increased amount of attention to the plight of transgender women—including a unanimous resolution in the Khyber Pakhdunkhwa assembly calling for voting rights for transgender people.

Papua New Guinea

The PNG criminal code outlaws sex “against the order of nature,” which has been interpreted to apply to consensual same-sex acts, and is punishable by up to 14 years’ imprisonment. Gay asylum seekers on Manus Island have reported being shunned, sexually abused, or assaulted by other asylum seekers.

In May, during the periodic review of PNG’s human rights record at the UN Human Rights Council, countries made more than 150 recommendations on sues including ratification of international treaties, establishing a national human rights commission, promoting gender equality, addressing domestic violence and sorcery-related violence, decriminalizing consensual same-sex relations, and abolishing or placing a moratorium on the death penalty. In September, PNG responded that it would ratify all core human rights treaties “on the basis of priorities” and that, while there are challenges to implementing reforms, it is committed to establishing a human rights commission, improving gender equality, and addressing domestic violence and sorcery-related violence. It also noted, however, that “LGBT is currently not a priority of the Government” and that the “death penalty is in our national law, however despite this, the current government directive is not to implement until further directions are issued.”

Peru

In March 2015, Congress rejected a bill to recognize civil unions for same-sex couples. In September 2016, a Congressional supporter of President Kuczynski announced that he would introduce a new legislative proposal to recognize same-sex civil unions.

People in Peru are required to appear before a judge in order to revise the gender noted on their identification documents. In an August 2016 report, the human rights ombudsman noted that courts had rejected most of these requests, often applying inconsistent criteria.

Philippines

The House of Representatives began consideration of House Bill 267, the “Anti SOGI (Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity) Discrimination Act” in June 2016. If approved, it will criminalize discrimination in the employment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, and prohibit schools from refusing to register or expelling students on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Senate has introduced companion legislation, Senate Bill No. 935, otherwise known as the Anti-Discrimination Bill (ADB), which had its first hearing in August. House Bill 267 will also sensitize police and law enforcement officers on LGBT issues and train them to attend to complaints. These initiatives are essential given that LGBT rights advocacy groups have warned that hate crimes against LGBT people are on the rise and that the Philippines has recorded the highest number of murders of transgender individuals in Southeast Asia since 2008. The bill would also prohibit anti-LGBT discrimination in access to health care.

Russia

Authorities continued to implement discriminatory policies and laws against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. In March, police found journalist and theater critic Dmitry Tsilikin dead in his St. Petersburg apartment from stab wounds. The perpetrator, arrested a week later, confessed that he planned to blackmail Tsilikin about his homosexuality, but killed him during a confrontation. The police did not categorize the killing as a hate crime. In January, a court in Murmansk, northwestern Russia, found LGBT activist Sergei Alekseenko guilty of violating the discriminatory “gay propaganda” law which prohibits allowing children access to positive information about LGBT relationships. The court called several publications on the website of an LGBT organization formerly run by Alekseenko “gay propaganda” and fined him 100,000 rubles (US$1,300). Authorities continued legal action against Deti-404, an online support group for LGBT children. In April, a court in the Siberian town of Barnaul ruled to ban the website. As of November, Deti 404’s website remained blocked. In September, a court in Siberia ruled to block BlueSystem.ru, a highly popular LGBT news site. As of November, the site was blocked.

In February 2017 and stretching through at least the first week in April, law enforcement and security officials in Russia’s Chechen Republic launched an unprecedented anti-gay purge. They rounded up dozens of men on suspicion of being gay, held them in unofficial detention facilities for days, humiliated, starved, and tortured them. They forcibly disappeared some of the men. Others were returned to their families barely alive from beatings. Their captors exposed them to their families as gay and encouraged their relatives to carry out so-called “honor killings.” Although Chechnya’s leader, Ramzan Kadyrov has denied the round-ups, there is evidence that high-level officials in Chechnya sanctioned them. Russia’s federal government pledged to investigate, but intense and well-founded fear of official retaliation and honor killings, and overwhelming stigma will prevent many victims from coming forward.

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia has no written laws concerning sexual orientation or gender identity, but judges use principles of uncodified Islamic law to sanction people suspected of committing sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery, extramarital and homosexual sex, or other “immoral” acts. If such activity occurs online, judges and prosecutors utilize vague provisions of the country’s anti-cybercrime law that criminalize online activity impinging on “public order, religious values, public morals, and privacy.” In February 2016, the Saudi Gazette reported that the Bureau of Investigation and Public Prosecution is considering requesting the death penalty for anyone “using social media to solicit homosexual acts.”

In February 2017, Saudi police arrested 35 Pakistani citizens, some of whom were transgender women. One of them died in detention. Her family said her body bore signs of torture, while the Saudi authorities said she had died of a heart attack.

Serbia (Kosovo)

Attacks and harassment of human rights defenders continued. According to local LGBT and human rights organizations, the majority of attacks and threats against members of the LGBT community go unreported with only known LGBT activists filing complaints. In June, in Vojvodina in Northeast Serbia, an LGBT activist was attacked and kicked in the head by four unidentified perpetrators. No one had been prosecuted at time of writing. In August, LGBT activist Boban Stojanovic, one of the Belgrade Pride organizers, was punched and called a “fag” in downtown Belgrade by two unidentified men. Police were investigating at time of writing. Hundreds of police officers deployed in Belgrade to protect the LGBT Pride march in September, which occurred without violence. This was a marked improvement from previous years when protesters attacked the parade, or the government had cancelled the event citing security concerns instead of providing adequate security.

The Kosovo Constitution protects against sexual orientation-based discrimination and a 2015 anti-discrimination law enumerates protections for both sexual orientation and gender identity; however, implementation remains weak.

Singapore

The rights of Singapore’s LGBT community are severely restricted. Sexual relations between two male persons remains a criminal offense, and there are no legal protections against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Media Development Authority effectively prohibits all positive depictions of LGBT lives on television or radio. The annual Pink Dot Festival in support of LGBT rights celebrated its eighth year in Hong Lim Park in June 2016, supported by the sponsorship of corporations including Google, Barclays, J.P. Morgan, Goldman Sachs, BP, Bloomberg, Twitter, Apple, and Facebook. A few days after the event, the Ministry of Home Affairs warned multinational companies to stop funding the event, saying such support constitutes “foreign interference” with domestic affairs. In October, the Ministry of Home Affairs announced that, under newly promulgated rules, any entity that is not incorporated in Singapore and does not have a majority of Singapore citizens on its board is now required to apply for a permit to sponsor an event in Hong Lim Park.

Associations of more than 10 people are required to register with the government, and the Registrar of Societies has broad authority to deny registration if he determines the group could be “prejudicial to public peace, welfare or good order.” The Registrar of Societies has refused to allow any lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transsexual (LGBT) organization to register as a society on the ground that “it is contrary to the public interest to grant legitimacy to the promotion of homosexual activities or viewpoints.”

All films and videos shown in Singapore must be pre-approved by the Board of Film Censors. Theater productions must also obtain a license under the Public Entertainment and Meetings Act, and to do so must submit their scripts for approval. In June 2016, a production of “Les Miserables” was forced to delete a scene containing a same-sex kiss.

South Africa

South Africa has a progressive constitution that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and protects the human rights of LGBTI people. The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development has taken significant steps to improve coordination between government and civil society in combatting violence (including rape and murder) against lesbians and transgender men. On September 6, Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba announced that due to widespread homophobic attitudes within South African society, and to protect the rights of LGBTI people, homophobic US pastor Steven Anderson and members of his church were banned from entering the country because they promote hate speech and advocate social violence. He said constitutional and legislative guarantees, including the rights of LGBTI persons, must be respected by all. Domestic LGBTI groups lauded the decision. In June 2017, at the 8th South African AIDS Conference, the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) launched the national HIV framework for LGBTI people. South Africa is the first country in the world to launch an HIV framework specifically for LGBT people as part of its national strategic plan. The objective is to “reverse the burden of disease from HIV, STIs and TB and to promote a rights and evidence-based environment for LGBTI people in South Africa.”

Some of South Africa’s votes at the United Nations were contrary to the country’s stated human rights principles. For example, in July, South Africa voted against a UN Human Rights Council resolution on the protection of human rights on the internet and abstained on a key HRC vote to appoint an independent expert on sexual orientation and gender identity. The abstention went against the country’s strong constitutional protections and domestic laws around sexual orientation and gender identity. But on November 21, in the UN General Assembly committee, South Africa voted to allow Vitit Muntabhorn, the newly appointed UN expert on sexual orientation and gender identity, to continue his work. The vote was taken after the African Group put forward a resolution to stop the operations of the UN expert who was appointed in September by the Human Rights Council.

Sri Lanka

State and non-state discrimination and abuses against the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) population persist. Sections 365 and 365A of the Sri Lankan Penal Code prohibit “carnal knowledge against the order of nature” and “gross indecency,” commonly understood in Sri Lanka to criminalize all same-sex relations between consenting adults. Sri Lankan law does not specifically criminalize transgender or intersex people. But no laws ensure that their rights are protected, and police have used several criminal offenses and regulations to target LGBTI people, particularly transgender women and men who have sex with men (MSM) involved in sex work. These include a law against “cheat[ing] by personation,” and the vaguely worded Vagrants’ Ordinance, which prohibits soliciting or committing acts of “gross indecency,” or being “incorrigible rogues” procuring “illicit or unnatural intercourse.” Some trans women and MSM said that repeated harassment by police, including instances of arbitrary detention and mistreatment, had eroded their trust in Sri Lankan authorities, and made it unlikely that they would report a crime. Several people also reported discriminatory treatment at the hands of medical authorities, leading many transgender people to self-medicate rather than seeking professional assistance.

Syria

News reports in 2016 indicate that ISIS continues to execute men accused of homosexuality. In one reported case from Deir al-Zour governorate, a 15-year-old boy was thrown from a building in January 2016 after he was accused of being gay. At least 25 men have been murdered by ISIS in Syria on suspicion of homosexuality or for sodomy, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

Tanzania

Tanzanian law criminalizes consensual sexual conduct between adult males, with a penalty of 30 years to life in prison, one of the most severe punishments for same-sex intimacy in the world. Zanzibar has slightly different laws but criminalizes both male homosexual conduct and lesbianism. The laws are rarely applied, but police and other authorities use them as a pretext to extort, abuse and marginalize LGBTI people. 

Under the government of John Magufuli, Tanzania has seen an unprecedented crackdown on LGBT people. The government has shut down HIV outreach services and drop-in centers targeting men who have sex with men (MSM); banned the import of water-based lubricants, an important HIV prevention tool; and threatened to shut down LGBT organizations. Police in Zanzibar arrested nine young men, charged them with homosexual conduct, and subjected them to forced anal examinations at a government hospital in December 2016. They were released on bail, but the cases remain open. Another young man was arrested in Dar es Salaam in March 2017, and was also subjected to a forced anal exam. In June 2017, President Magufuli publicly condemned same-sex relationships.

Tunisia

The penal code punishes consensual same-sex conduct with up to three years in prison. Anal testing is used as the main evidence in order to convict men for homosexuality. In two high-profile cases in 2015, at least seven young men were arrested and subjected to anal examinations by forensic doctors, whose reports were used as evidence to convict them of sodomy and imprison them, even though it is well-documented that such exams lack medical value. On appeal, their sentences were reduced to two months in the first case, and one month in the second.

Tunisia has thus far been unwilling to consider decriminalization of consensual same-sex conduct but, in its 2017 UPR review, accepted a recommendation to end forced anal examinations. This positive development followed months of advocacy from Tunisian and international human rights groups. The United Nations Committee against Torture, in its 2016 evaluation of Tunisia, condemned the use of anal examinations as to prove homosexual conduct. Shortly before the UPR review, the national medical council issued a circular calling on medical personnel to stop conducting anal examinations without consent.

Turkey

Authorities frequently impose arbitrary bans on public assemblies and violently disperse peaceful demonstrations. For the second year running, the Istanbul governor’s office banned the annual Istanbul Gay and Trans Pride marches in June 2016, citing concerns about security threats and public order.

Turkmenistan

Under Turkmen law homosexual conduct is punishable by up to two years in prison. Widespread prejudice leads to homosexuality being treated as a disease, including by medical institutions and judicial authorities. Law enforcement officials and medical personnel subject persons detained and charged with sodomy to forced anal examinations, with the purported objective of finding “proof” of homosexual conduct.

Uganda

After nine years, the Constitutional Court finally ruled in November on a challenge to a limitation on the mandate of the Equal Opportunities Commission, which barred it from investigating any matter involving behavior “considered to be immoral and socially harmful, or unacceptable by the majority of the cultural and social communities in Uganda.” The judges determined the limitation was unconstitutional and violated the right to a fair hearing. Perversely, this provision had meant that the very mechanism designed to protect people from discrimination could blatantly discriminate against women, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, sex workers, and anyone else who might not have been perceived to reflect the views of the majority.

Same-sex conduct remains criminalized under Uganda’s colonial-era law, which prohibits “carnal knowledge” among people of the same sex. The new NGO law raises concerns about the criminalization of legitimate advocacy on the rights of LGBTI people. In August, police unlawfully raided a peaceful pageant that was part of Gay Pride celebrations in Kampala. Police locked the venue’s gates, arrested activists, and beat and humiliated hundreds of people, violating rights to association and assembly. Police continue to carry out forced anal examinations on men and transgender women accused of consensual same-sex conduct. These examinations lack evidentiary value and are a form of cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment that may amount to torture.

Ukraine

Since 2014, the government has introduced several progressive policies supporting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, but anti-LGBT sentiment remains strong among high-level government officials and the public. In March 2016, about 200 anti-gay, far-right supporters attacked a venue in Lviv hosting a LGBT equality festival, eventually causing the event to be cancelled. The Kyiv LGBT Pride march held in June took place without the violence against participants that had marred it in previous years. Ultra-nationalist groups had threatened to make the march a “bloody mess.” Around 6,000 police officers protected the 1,500 march participants. The first LGBT Pride march took place in Odesa in August. Local authorities initially attempted to ban it, but relented when organizers changed the route. Police arrested four ultra-nationalists who attempted to disrupt the event. A new draft of the amended labor code does not include an anti-discrimination provision that would protect LGBT people in the workplace.

United Arab Emirates

The UAE’s penal code does not explicitly prohibit homosexuality. However, article 356 of the penal code criminalizes (but does not define) “indecency,” and provid

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  نعلم السادة المشاهدين أنه سيتم تغيير الذبذبة الخاصة ببث برامج القناتين ”الوطنية 1” و”الوطنية ”2 على القمر عربسات بصفة عاجلة ولأسباب تقنية حسب ديوان الإرسال الإذاعي والتلفزي وفقا للمعطيات التالية: الذبذبة 12643 ميغاهرتز أفقي، سرعة الترميز: 27500 S/R، معدل التصحيح: 6/5 FEC، الموقع المداري 26 درجة شرقا. هذا ونشير الى ان انقطاع البث المسجل […]

Cet article تغيير تردد البث الخاص بقناتي ”الوطنية 1” و”الوطنية 2” على القمر عربسات est apparu en premier sur www.tunisialeaks.net.


          باجة: وفاة عائلة من 6 أشخاص في حادث مرور من بينهم رضيعان   

جدّ بعد ظهر اليوم السبت 1 جويلية 2017، حادث مرور في الطريق الرابطة بين ولايتي باجةوجندوبة، أسفر عن وفاة 6 أشخاص وجرح 2 آخرين، حالتهما حرجة. ويتمثّل الحادث في اصطدام شاحنة لنقل المياه المعدنية بسيارة كانت تقلّ أفراد عائلة في طريقهم لحضور حفل زفاف، وتمّ نقل جميع الضحايا إلى المستشفى الجهوي بباجة، حسب مراسلنا بالجهة. الضحايا من عائلة […]

Cet article باجة: وفاة عائلة من 6 أشخاص في حادث مرور من بينهم رضيعان est apparu en premier sur www.tunisialeaks.net.


          هذا ما فعلته تظاهرة جربة أرض السلام و التسامح بسبخة تانيت    

هذا ما فعلته تظاهرة جربة أرض السلام و التسامح بسبخة تانيت احداث حاجز ترابي على طول المئات من الأمتار عن طريق جرافة بعد رفع الطربة في منطقة رطبة ذات خصوصية بيئية هشة … من المفارقات أن الهيكل المشرف على هذه التظاهرة هي جمعية هيبسكيس التي من أولى اهتمماتها كما هو مصرح به هو المحافظة على […]

Cet article هذا ما فعلته تظاهرة جربة أرض السلام و التسامح بسبخة تانيت  est apparu en premier sur www.tunisialeaks.net.


          جربة: انقطاع الماء لليوم الثاني رغم ضعف تدفقه دائما   

مع انطلاق الموسم الصيفي في جزيرة جربة , تنطلق معاناة متساكني العديد من المناطق بسبب الاضطراب في توزيع الماء أو الانقطاع كليا لفترات طويلة على غرار ما حدث خلال الأيام القليلة الماضية و هذا اليوم … لتتواصل الحيرة و يتواصل القلق و المعاناة و التذمر من الشركة الوطنية لاستغلال و توزيع المياه … فالى متى […]

Cet article جربة: انقطاع الماء لليوم الثاني رغم ضعف تدفقه دائما est apparu en premier sur www.tunisialeaks.net.


          Comment on Amazon pulls blank ‘History of Palestinian People’ — which aims to dehumanize in order to subjugate by Misterioso   
@Emet Sigh Au contraire. To state the obvious, my previous posting attests that the Muslims were entirely "worthy." Let's consult a real expert, renowned Professor David J. Wasserstein, who also happens to be Jewish. Audio of his lecture delivered in May, 2012: https://www.soas.ac.uk/religions-and-philosophies/events/jordan-lectures-in-comparative-religion/14may2012-opening-lecture-how-islam-saved-the-jews.html "So, what did the Muslims do for the Jews? - How Islam Saved the Jews." David J Wasserstein is the Eugene Greener Jr. Professor of Jewish Studies at Vanderbilt University. Excerpt: "Islam saved Jewry. This is an unpopular, discomforting claim in the modern world. But it is a historical truth. The argument for it is double. First, in 570 CE, when the Prophet Mohammad was born, the Jews and Judaism were on the way to oblivion. And second, the coming of Islam saved them, providing a new context in which they not only survived, but flourished, laying foundations for subsequent Jewish cultural prosperity - also in Christendom - through the medieval period into the modern world." An uncomfortable truth for a Zionist zealot like you obsessed with demonizing Muslims, I'm sure!! To quote Dr. Ella Habiba Shohat, Professor of Cultural Studies and Women's Studies at the City University of New York (CUNY), a self described "Arab Jew" born in Israel of Iraqi ancestry now living in the United States: "Our history simply cannot be discussed in European Jewish terminology. As Iraqi Jews, while retaining a communal identity, we were generally well integrated and indigenous to the country, forming an inseparable part of its social and cultural life. Thoroughly Arabized, we used Arabic even in hymns and religious ceremonies. The liberal and secular trends of the 20th century engendered an even stronger association of Iraqi Jews and Arab culture, which brought Jews into an extremely active arena in public and cultural life. Prominent Jewish writers, poets and scholars played a vital role in Arab culture, distinguishing themselves in Arabic speaking theatre, in music, as singers, composers, and players of traditional instruments. "In Egypt, Morocco, Syria, Lebanon, Iraq and Tunisia, Jews became members of legislatures, of municipal councils, of the judiciary, and even occupied high economic positions. (The finance minister of Iraq in the '40s was Ishak Sasson, and in Egypt, Jamas Sanua--higher positions, ironically, than those our community had generally achieved within the Jewish state until the 1990s!)" ("Reflections by an Arab Jew" - http://www.bintjbeil. com/E/occupatio n/arab_jew.html ) Needless to say, when Zionism, a 19th century European racist, colonialist ideology infected the entire region in the 20th century and led to the dispossession and expulsion of well over one million native Palestinian Muslims and Christians between late 1947 and 1967, relations between Arabs and Jews deteriorated and led to conflict. No surprise!! Also, bearing in mind the fact that both Caliph Omar, in 637, and Saladin, in 1187, liberated Jerusalem from brutal oppressors (i.e., Byzantine Christian zealots and the Crusaders) and invited the exiled Jews to return and practice their faith freely, it is easy to understand why Palestine’s indigenous Arab Jews were among Zionism’s most ardent opponents. To quote Rabbi Menachem Froman, chief rabbi of the West Bank settlement of Tekoa, a champion of inter-religious reconciliation: "[E]very Jew who learns the writings of the great sages - who, at the head of them all stands Maimonides - knows that our great thinkers wrote in the Arabic language, lived in Islamic states and participated with the great Muslim thinkers in the effort to explain the words of God, according to the paths of the sages and amidst the difficult bloody battles that we have had since the beginning of Zionism with the Muslims." "We know... that the war between the Jews and the Muslims is the work of the cursed devil. We know that Islam is named after peace." (Haaretz, September 18, 2006) GET EDUCATED!! YOU'RE DROWNING IN HASBARA!! BYE BYE
          “Pronto, mi risponde dall’estero? Voglio parlare con un operatore situato in Italia!”   
Quante volte abbiamo chiamato il call center degli operatori di telefonia mobile in Italia, ci hanno risposto da Albania, Romania, Tunisia, Croazia o altre nazioni. Se abbiamo chiesto di trasferire la chiamata con un operatore situato in Italia secondo la legge 134 del 2012, magicamente è caduta la linea oppure ci è stato chiesto che non è possibile. Quindi per... Leggi Tutto »
          Can good home form see depleted Rivers United past Club Africain?   
Nigeria's remaining representatives in the CAF Confederation Cup, Rivers United, will take on Club Africain of Tunisia at the Yakubu Gowon Stadium, Port Harcourt on Sunday. Rivers United have remained invincible on home turf this season in continental action, despite their well-documented struggles in the domestic league. To date, coach Stanley Eguma's team have won all previous five home games played in both CAF Champions League and CAF Confederation Cup, scoring 12 goals and conceding just the...
          7/1/2017: WEEKEND POST: FROM DAY 6 • THE HALF-DOZEN MOST INTERESTING FACTS AND FIGURES BRENT BAMBURY FOUND THIS WEEK   
A coffee table inspired by Princess Leia’s hair buns created by Zaha Hadid Design called the Le- a table retails for $ 17,000 USD. dezeen. com In Tunisia, where women are expected to be virgins at marriage, some are spending $ 400 USD for hymen...
          The Saudi-Israeli Nexus (2)   


“What was the real cost for not recognizing Israel in 1948 and why didn’t the Arab states spend their assets on education, health care, and the infrastructures instead of wars? But the hardest question that no Arab national wants to hear is whether Israel is the real enemy of the Arab world and the Arab people.”

A quote from an Aipac press release or a briefing from Israeli Prime Minister Bibi Nethanyahu?   Guess again. These questions are posed not by a source we would normally think of as sympathetic to Israel, but in a recent column in the major English-language newspaper in Saudi Arabia, the Arab News--a paper controlled by the son of the Crown Prince; the author, retired Saudi naval Commodore Abdulateef Al-Mulhim

His premise: that it’s not Israel and its American ally responsible for the current plight of the Arab world, but the Arabs themselves-specifically, their leaders.
 
“…the destruction and the atrocities are not done by an outside enemy. The starvation, the killings and the destruction in these Arab countries are done by the same hands that are supposed to protect and build the unity of these countries and safeguard the people of these countries….

“The Arab world wasted hundreds of billions of dollars and lost tens of thousands of innocent lives fighting Israel, which they considered is their sworn enemy, an enemy whose existence they never recognized. The Arab world has many enemies and Israel should have been at the bottom of the list. The real enemies of the Arab world are corruption, lack of good education, lack of good health care, lack of freedom, lack of respect for the human lives and finally, the Arab world had many dictators who used the Arab-Israeli conflict to suppress their own people. These dictators’ atrocities against their own people are far worse than all the full-scale Arab-Israeli wars.”

“Finally, if many of the Arab states are in such disarray, then what happened to the Arabs’ sworn enemy (Israel)? Israel now has the most advanced research facilities, top universities and advanced infrastructure. Many Arabs don’t know that the life expectancy of the Palestinians living in Israel is far longer than many Arab states and they enjoy far better political and social freedom than many of their Arab brothers. Even the Palestinians living under Israeli occupation in the West Bank and Gaza Strip enjoy more political and social rights than some places in the Arab World.”

In another column, the Saudi Commodore speculated on what would have happened if, rather than attacking the Zionist state, the Arab countries had recognized Israel back in May 14, 1948. The result he claimed would have been better for all parties concerned, particularly the Arabs:

 “…the Palestinians would have been able to free themselves from the hollow promises of Arab dictators who kept telling them the refugees would be back in their homes, all Arab lands would be liberated and Israel would be sent to the bottom of the sea. Some Arab leaders used the Palestinians to suppress their own people and stay in power.
“Since 1948, if an Arab politician wanted to be a hero, he had an easy way of doing it. He just needed to shout as loud as he could about his intention to destroy Israel, without mobilizing a single soldier (talk is cheap.” 

The history of the entire region would have been radically changed, according to this column: among 
other benefits, there would have been no Nasser, no Saddam Hussein, no Muammar al-Gaddafi.

“Even a non-Arab country (Iran) used Palestine to divert its people from internal unrest. I remember Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini declaring that he would liberate Jerusalem via Baghdad, and President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad making bellicose statements about Israel, though not even a firecracker was fired from Iran toward Israel.

“Now, the Palestinians are on their own; each Arab country is busy with its own crisis – from Egypt, Tunisia, Libya, Sudan, Yemen, Syria, Jordan, Somalia, Algeria, Lebanon and the Gulf states.”
Intrigued, I called the retired Commodore to ask if he’d had any problems publishing such outspoken views in what is essentially a semi-official Saudi publication. None at all, he said.

“This is read by many from the Saudi Royal family. Nobody was upset. If they were, they would have told me not to write my weekly articles any more. But they haven’t I’ve never been stopped. That doesn’t mean that they agree with it.  It’s an idea that they are interested in having out there.”

On the other hand, when you stop to think about it, such apparently pro-Israeli views in the semi-official Saudi media are not at all that surprising.

One of the most curious of alliances in the Middle East have been the clandestine goings on between the Zionist State of Israel and the Saudi royal family, the guardians of Mecca, among the most conservative of Arab monarchs. As I wrote in a previous blog, that relationship is based on a venerable political tenet:  the enemy of my enemy is my friend. The common enemy, in this case, being Iran, radical Islam, and the political upheaval known as the Arab Spring.

Both Israel and the Saudi royals are threatened by the rise of Iran, the crumbling of the old order, the end of brutal dictators, the explosion of popular political and religious passions.

This is true, even though the Saudis (and Qataris) helped finance the fall of Gaddafi, who they despised, and are backing the rebels in Syria against Assad. They hope to use their money and influence to control the outcomes, to safeguard their own monarchies.

Though Commodore Al-Mulhim decries the brutalities of dictators like Assad, Nasser, and Gaddafi, other columns speaks glowingly of the traditional links between the Saudi people and their benevolent royal family.
The continued political turbulence stoked by the Israeli-Palestinian dispute is also a threat to the Saudi 
royals. And the Commodore’s tough-worded critique of the Arabs’ refusal to recognize Israel dovetails perfectly well with a peace plan the Saudis first put on the table in 2002. In exchange for the Arab states normalizing relations with Israel , Israel would withdrawal to the 1967 borders.  
Indeed, over the years, the Israelis have joined forces clandestinely with the Saudis to take on other mutual enemies.

In 1962, for instance, when civil war broke out after the monarch was toppled in Yemen, a coalition of the Mossad, the Saudis, and the British SAS took on rebels backed by the armed forces of Egypt’s President Nasser.

Again in Beirut in March 8,1985 the Saudis and the Mossad joined in an attempt to assassinate Muhammad Fadlallah, the cleric who founded Hezbollah. According to Bob Woodward, William Casey then director of the CIA claimed that the Saudis helped organize placement of an explosives-laden vehicle, which went off in front of Fadlallah’s home. Several buildings collapsed,80 people were killed, but Fadlallah survived.

It’s a good bet that similar clandestine adventures between the Israelis and the Saudis continue to this day.

          Eid revives Tunisian tradition of pastry makingBy: Roua Khlifi   
Tunisian bakers are modernising their industry while preserving tradition.
          Geller Report - 15 of Today's Headlines   
 Today's Top Stories  ♥ America on a July 4th weekend open thread  Majorca Massacre Averted  Tourists attacked and SLASHED in Tunisia  John Bolton Warns U.S. Lacks Missile Power to Fight Off North Korea  DHS Secretary: Members of Congress THREATENED him over immigration enforcement  Justin Bieber Concert Venue in Chaos as Police Arrest Machete-Wielding Men  San Francisco to Pay $190,000 to Undocumented Immigrant For Sanctuary Law Violation  LIVE COVERAGE World Refugee Day: Back The ...
          Planning Tips for Travel with a Baby 12 Months to 18 Months   

<–  See last month’s installment, Planning Tips for Travel with a Baby –  6 Months to 12 Months The Ages & Stages series continued… Planning Tips for Travel with a Baby 12 to 18 Months Your child may look more...
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Medco to start Tunisia oil production
JAKARTA: Medco Tunisia Anaguid, a subsidiary of Indonesia’s largest private oil and gas firm, PT Medco Energi Internasional (MEI), says it has targeted to produce around 3,000 barrels of oil a day (bpd) at the Durra field in Tunisia. more..
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Pertamina Bids $3.5 Billion for Exxon’s Angola Stake, WSJ Says
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          Sundowns, Esperance and Etoile advance   
Holders Mamelodi Sundowns advance to the African Champions League quarter-finals along with Tunisia's Esperance and Etoile du Sahel.
          L'Europa non capisce cosa è la Libia e lascia sola l'Italia   

Parole al miele, tante. Sostegno concreto, nessuno. Nella sostanza, una presa in giro. Così l'Europa dei muri e dell'ipocrisia ha risposto alle richieste italiane di una condivisione dell'intervento sull'emergenza migranti nel Mediterraneo, la rotta più battuta e più mortale.

L'Europa resta ostaggio dell'asse del Nord, quella che ha sempre guardato alla sponda sud del Mediterraneo come minaccia e mai come cruciale luogo geopolitico di cooperazione. Una Europa miope non riesce a mettere a fuoco gli eventi che stanno segnando il Nord Africa, con il tratto comune dell'instabilità che si fa sempre più esplosiva. A cominciare dalla Libia. Intervenire in uno Stato fallito, con un governo rintanato in una base navale a Tripoli, guidato da un primo ministro la cui autorevolezza è pari a zero. Far finta di mostrare i muscoli, anche "solo" con un blocco navale, in un Paese dove sono presenti 200.000 uomini armati sotto innumerevoli bandiere, più che una scelta avventurista è una colossale idiozia. Che diventerebbe tragica se si provasse ad attuare. Perché la Libia, al di là di qualche esibizione terrestre di teste di cuoio di varie nazionalità (un manipolo anche italiano), era e resta una terra di nessuno, alla ricerca, paradossi della Storia, di un "nuovo Colonnello", o, se vogliamo attualizzare, di un "Sultano" modello Erdogan, non tanto per stabilizzare l'instabilizzabile, ma per assurgere al ruolo di "Gendarme" del Mediterraneo centrale.

In questo puzzle irricomponibile, l'Italia prova ad esercitare la diplomazia delle "due carte": da un lato sostenendo il premier-architetto al-Serraj, senza però togliere dal tavolo la "carta" Haftar, l'uomo forte della Cirenaica, il generale indipendentista che tiene in scacco il Parlamento di Tobruk – l'unico riconosciuto internazionalmente, quello in teoria favorevole a Serraj – e che si muove alle strette dipendenza del suo protettore esterno: il "Pinochet delle Piramidi", il presidente-generale Abdel Fattah al-Sisi. La versione libica del "modello turco" – stato di polizia al servizio dell'Europa costruttrice di muri e di hotspot-lager – è dunque Khalifa Haftar, un tempo al servizio di Gheddafi, oggi messosi in proprio con un esercito bene addestrato, meglio armato, e sostenuto dall'Egitto di al-Sisi e dagli Emirati Arabi Uniti. Haftar mentre tiene in scacco politicamente Tripoli, sul campo concentra le sue forze armate in Cirenaica, con due obiettivi: sbarazzarsi del Consiglio della shura dei rivoluzionari a Bengasi e liberare Derna. Al momento per il "generalissimo" combattere l'Isis è l'ultimo dei problemi. Al primo posto, c'è l'odiato Serraj.

"Non molla Haftar – annota Angelo Del Boca, il più autorevole storico del colonialismo italiano in Nord Africa - perché è ben consapevole che se riconosce l'autorità del nuovo "premier", non sarà mai il leader militare della nuova Libia, come ha sempre aspirato a diventare".

Altro che stabilizzazione: in Libia è guerra di tutti contro tutti. Le milizie islamiste di Tripoli e Misurata, che godono del sostegno dei berberi del deserto, contro quelle di Zintan alleate di Haftar. Lo stesso uomo forte della Cirenaica comincia a perdere pezzi. Quanto al premier "unificatore", è difficile vederlo in questi panni quando anche nella capitale del suo governo, Tripoli, milizie ostili e in guerra l'una contro l'altra controllano interi quartieri e perfino l'aeroporto. L'insicurezza regna sovrana. A darne conto non sono solo i tanti signori della guerra in campo, ma le lunghe code a Tripoli davanti alle banche: il contante scarseggia, il cambio del dinaro è in caduta libera. E come non bastasse, oltre ai due governi rivali della Libia orientale e occidentale ci sono anche due banche centrali. Nessuna illusione di costruire, sulle macerie della scellerata guerra del 2011, uno Stato di diritto, nel momento in cui è già una impresa immaginare la Libia del futuro possa configurarsi ancora come una parvenza di Stato unitario, visto che potenti attori regionali operano alacremente per la tripartizione del territorio con la costituzioni di tre protettorati: Tripolitania, Cirenaica, Fezzan.

Sul fronte jihadista, le insidie più temibili vengono dai qaedisti di Ansar Al Sharia – che può contare su almeno 5.000 miliziani, schierati tra Bengasi e Derna- dallo Stato islamico. Attorno ad Hon, capoluogo del distretto di Giofra tra Sirte e Sebha, sono stati creati alcuni campi di addestramento per accogliere e formare combattenti provenienti dal Sahel e dal Senegal e uomini di Boko Haram che stanno dando una decisa impennata agli organici di Isis in Libia. Del resto, uno dei principali obiettivi di al-Baghdadi in Libia è proprio questo: ingrossare la truppa e arruolare nuovi combattenti. Radicarsi nel centro-sud della Libia consente a Isis di penetrare i canali del contrabbando e dei traffici illegali e sfruttarli accedendo così a nuove risorse. Esattamente quanto accaduto in "Siraq". Oggi, la forza dello Stato islamico in Libia si può stimare in circa 8.000 uomini. Il nucleo forte è costituito da foreign fighters rientrati nel Paese nordafricano e da quadri intermedi del gruppo giunti nel Paese negli ultimi mesi, in particolare da Tunisia, Yemen, Algeria, Sudan, Mali, Niger e Ciad. Al gruppo hanno poi via, via aderito elementi scissionisti di Ansar Al Sharia, combattenti africani e appartenenti, soprattutto giovani, della tribù dei Gheddafi Qadadfa. Sconfitta a Sirte, l'Isis si è spostata verso il confine con la Tunisia, a Surman, un'altra città costiera a circa 60 km dalla capitale, dove gli affiliati di al-Baghdadi hanno distribuito volantini con indicazioni per le donne, minacciando il ricorso alle armi per chi non si adegua. I confini meridionali della Libia controllati dal Daesh e dai Tuareg sono spesso teatro di arruolamenti forzati di massa tra i migranti in transito nel deserto e provenienti da sud.

Ma più che nel governo dell'ex architetto al-Serraj, che può contare sul sostegno di Qaatar, Sudan e Turchia, il futuro della Libia sembra essere nel suo passato. Se si vuole contrastare "l'ordine" del Califfato, occorre puntare sull'ordine tribale. E delle tribù più importanti, più radicate. Warfala, Zintan, Rojahan, Orfella, Riaina, al Farjane, al Zuwayya, Tuareg. Le stesse che nel 1911 affrontarono gli italiani durante la guerra di Libia. Sono le tribù, oltre 140, alle quali appartiene l'85% dei libici, a essersi sollevate in Libia contro Gheddafi, non i giovani intellettuali né le masse operaie, che nel Paese sono perlopiù composte da lavoratori stranieri. Sono loro che hanno assestato il colpo definitivo al regime del Colonnello. E con le grandi tribù la comunità internazionale dovrà fare i conti per contrastare l'avanzata jihadista ed evitare che il Paese nordafricano si trasformi in una "nuova Somalia" a trecento chilometri dalle coste italiane.

Una realtà nella quale il commercio illegale di migranti attraverso il Mediterraneo è ormai un traffico da 323 milioni di dollari l'anno nella sola Libia: risorse che vengono incanalate verso gruppi terroristici, tra cui il Daesh, secondo un rapporto pubblicato dal Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, una rete di esponenti di forze dell'ordine e gruppi per lo sviluppo, con il centro di analisi Rhipto in Norvegia. La migrazione forzata è quella illegale (ma volontaria) è diventata una delle maggiori fonti di reddito in Libia, e un vasto spettro di gruppi stanno approfittando, afferma il rapporto. Come nell'era Gheddafi, gruppi di miliziani in Libia hanno continuato a raccogliere migliaia in centri di detenzione per migranti, e continuano a farlo. "Chiunque può accedere ad un barcone può concludere un profitto significativo mettendo i migranti in mare". Di solito i contrabbandieri chiedono 800-1000 dollari a persona per il passaggio in Libia e poi altri 1.500-1.900 per il viaggio attraverso il Mediterraneo, spesso estorcendo il denaro con la forza. E in Libia nasce e si sviluppa il "patto d'azione" tra le organizzazioni criminali e i gruppi jihadisti. I gruppi criminali tradizionali ormai specializzati nel traffico di persone organizzano i trasferimenti dei migranti attraverso le zone desertiche del Sahara non controllate dalle forze di polizia, dai Paesi del Corno d'Africa fino ai territori che si affacciano sul Mediterraneo. Una volta raggiunta la Libia entrano in contatto con gruppi tribali, signori della guerra e terroristi che "gestiscono" quest'area dove non esiste nessun controllo istituzionale. E' in questa terra di "nessuno" che si concretizza il business e la collaborazione tra i gruppi criminali tradizionali specializzati in tratta di vite umane e i gruppi terroristici legati all'Isis. I terroristi "concedono" l'utilizzo del territorio e quindi la sosta dei migranti in quella fascia di costa sotto il loro controllo in cambio di una parte dei soldi richiesti per la traversata. Ovviamente, considerando il numero dei migranti imbarcati ogni volta su questi barconi è facile comprendere che si stratta di un giro d'affari di milioni di dollari. E di migliaia di morti.

Questa è oggi la Libia: terra di predoni e signori della guerra. Con l'Italia lasciata sola in un Mediterraneo sempre più instabile e destinato sempre più ad essere la rotta principale dei migranti.


          CAF Champions League Review: Sundowns, Wydad win away   
CAF Champions League holders Mamelodi Sundowns could yet top Group C after a dramatic 1-0 victory away to Kedus Giorgis on Saturday, as leaders ES Tunis were held at Vita Club. Anthony Laffor's 85th-minute strike at Addis Ababa Stadium sealed all three points for Sundowns, who overcame Zamalek in last year's decider. They are second in their pool, one point behind ES Tunis. The Tunisian champions led after just 11 minutes in Kinshasa thanks to Yassine Khenissi's goal.  A six-minute Tady Etekiama brace put the hosts 2-1 ahead at the break, Khenissi's penalty just before the hour mark completing a double of his own and earning a share of the spoils - Vita holding out despite Makwekwe Kupa's dismissal. Goals from Achraf Bencharki and Naim Aarab secured a 2-0 win for Wydad Casablanca at Cotonsport, allowing them to go second in Group D after Al Ahly's 0-0 draw at leaders Zanco. Finally, a Slim Ben Belgacem penalty with six minutes to go saw Group A frontrunners Etoile du Sahel earn a 1-1 draw at Ferroviario Beira.
          Voir Le Film Tunisian Les silences des palais فيلم صمت القصور   


شاهد فيلم تونسي صمت القصور فيلم صمت القصور - هند صبري كامل





شاهد فيلم تونسي صمت القصور



الفيلم التونسى النادر صمت القصور لهند صبرى على أكثر من سيرفر +(18) لا ينصح بالمشاهدة العائلية

Voir Le Film Tunisian Les silences des palais



العنوان: صمت القصور

الوصف: الفيلم التونسي صمت القصور للكبار فقط صمت القصور : بطولة هند صبري في أول ظهور لها قصة الفيلم : الشابة عليا مغنية حامل، يطلب منها رفيقها الإجهاض. تعلم عليا بنبأ وفات سيدها السابق الأمير علي، فتعود، لتعزية عائلته، إلى القصر الذي نشأت فيه. بعودتها إلى القصر تتسابق ذكريات أمُها اللتي كانت خادمة فيه فقد كانت طبٌاخة و رفيقة و راقصة، كما تتذكر طفولتها وقد كانت ولدت من أب مجهول الهوية و كل ما نتج عن ذلك من حيرة و أسرار في القصر

Youtube Film le silence des palais



الوصف: فيلم صمت القصور - هند صبري كامل - جودة عالية أمال الهذيلي، ناجية الورغي، هشام رستم، سامي بوعجيلة، سنية المؤدب

regarder youtube silence des palais



فيلم صمت القصور

           Youth and Revolution in Tunisia. By Alcinda Honwana   
<span class="paragraphSection"><span style="font-style:italic;">Youth and Revolution in Tunisia.</span> By HonwanaAlcinda. London: Zed Books, 2013. 264 pages. Paperback, $24.95.</span>
          Attack on National Museum causes dip in tourism in Tunisia   
The attack on Tunisia's Bardo National Museum is negatively affecting the country's tourism.
          #Austria: Native Tunisian brutally murders couple from Linz – #MigrantCrisis   
🆘‼️😯🔥 #Austria: a native Tunisian brutally murdered a couple from Linz. More people sacrificed on the altar of the left-liberal idiots. pic.twitter.com/7PcY67w2SN — Onlinemagazin (@OnlineMagazin) July 1, 2017 * * * PayPal: Donate in USD PayPal: Donate in EUR PayPal: Donate in GBP
          What on earth is going on?!   
Science fiction has always captured our imagination through Hollywood in screening the wildest phenomenons from Star Wars to 2012. Thanks to the animation technology, it seems more real than "virtual reality".

What has been going on around the world lately is incredible, incomprehensible and, at times, seems like a science fiction movie. The series of social waves that have swept through Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Bahrain seems to continue without much hope for future. Just when the world witnessed the social waves with awe and reeled back into the normal life, earth quake of magnitude 9.0 strikes Japan, followed by tsunami and nuclear radiation. The Japanese Prime Minister Kan Naoto acknowledged that Japan is facing the worst crisis since World War II.

Only a few months back North Korea and Iran were hot topics across the world press. And, all of a sudden, there are no where in the vicinity of the Hot-Spots radar.

The world recession created the mad Gold rush and within a couple of days, the Gold prices nosedived to a three week low. Markets tumble as nuke crisis in Japan sparks risk aversion. Crude prices decline sharply. Companies like BMW are making statements like, "No one knows how the situation will further develop. It is extraordinarily difficult to shift to everday business after the shocking events in Japan." Japan is pumping billions of dollars into market to stabilize their economoy.

But the world chugs along. Indian fans are worried about India's World Cup aspirations. Manchester United is struggling with its losing spree. Irish fans are overjoyed by defeating the English in cricket.

The NRIs (Non-Resident Indians) have their own tactical plans already laid out to face the uncertainity. NRIs are busy discussing the stability of their foreign land and the possibilities of hedging against the potential of currency-depreciation, by converting the loaned amount from foreign currency to Indian Rupees. Hold on, wow!!, Indian Rupees is something that we do count on!! For now, at least.

During these uncertain times, blessed are those people who live in countries - both underdeveloped and developed - that were nurtured to be totally ignorant of the outside world. While most of the world is worried about their future, some of these people don't even know where Japan or Middle East is located on the map. Isolation does happen to be a virtue, sometimes!! But, disconnect with the outside world has cost the world - in terms of war and invasions - beyond human comprehension.

As the world witnesses incredible scenes of disasters and uncertainity, there are intriguing facts that come to light. How did all these disasters occur on the 26th?!

1 Gujarat India earthquake 26 Jan 2001
2 The Rhodes earthquake 26 June 1926
3 Taiwan earthquake 26 April 2010
4 Japan earthquake 26 Feb 2010
5 NE Japan earthquake 26 May 2003
6 NE Japan earthquake 26 July 2003
7 North America earthquake 26 Jan 1700
8 Yugoslav earthquake 26 July 1963
9 Aceh Tsunami 26 Dec 2004
10 Jogjakarta earthquake 26 May 2006
11 Tasik earthquake 26 June 2010
12 Mentawai Tsunami 26 Oct 2010
13 Merapi volcanic eruption 26 Oct 2010
14 Krakatau volcanic eruption 26 Aug 1883 ( 36,000 dead )
15 China earthquake 26 July 1976 ( 255,000 dead )
16 Portugal earthquake 26 Jan 1951 ( 30,000 dead )
17 Kansu, China earthquake 26 Dec 1932 ( 70,000 dead )
18 Turkey earthquake 26 Dec 1939 ( 41,000 dead )
19 Sabah Tidal waves 26 Dec 1996 ( 1,000 dead )
20 Bam, Iran earthquake 26 Dec 2003 ( 60,000 dead )

What on earth is going on?! Only God knows!

But, as long as you are alive, be thankful and stay the course.
          The Untamed Web   
For over a century, propaganda war has been one of the greatest weapons among the countries and blocks. From Hitler to the WMD gaffe, the mighty and the powerful have used the media to convince the masses across the world about stories that never happened. In retrospect, it appears as if the past and future events were premeditated, orchestrated and implemented with impeccable precision. Thank God, the premeditated and orchestrated outcomes of such events are not predictable.

But, since the dawn of the internet era, the clout on the propaganda game is shifting towards a small group of people from different countries and ethnic groups. They might be small, but their collective power has helped topple governments and shutdown biggest corporations. They might look different and speak different languages. But, they all have a common goal: Fight against the unjust. And, the superpowers or the rich or the powerful can do nothing about it. Thanks to the Web and Social Networking. It is called the Cyber War.

This is how it works to wage a Cyber War.

All you need is to mobilize an intensely fast-paced Internet forum with hundreds of determined activists and a simple piece of software called a Low Orbit Ion Cannon. Activists choose targets by consensus, download the LOIC – initially developed to help Internet security experts test website vulnerability to DDoS attacks – and start firing packets of data at the targeted website.

• Role in Tunisia’s “Jasmine Revolution”.
• Wikileaks-inspired attacks on Mastercard and Visa.
• Attack on Zimbabwe government (seen as enemies of free speech).
• Attack on Estonian government (due to a row between Estonia and Russia)

There have been reports about Tunisian inspired demonstrations in Yemen and Algeria. I can imagine a group of activist working day and night to facilitate demonstrations and add fuel to fire. Most of these activists claim that they do not have bad intentions and they consider themselves as good Samaritans fighting for the weak against the unjust powers.

Pen is mightier than the sword. Cliché, but it is apt for any generation, as it reflects the power of the human mind and spirit. Books and Newspapers are used to rekindle the human spirit, but the power of it has lost its thrust and reliance, as most of the World events are perceived by the public as orchestrated. Thanks to the Corporations that have tamed the offline media.

The Internet has evolved as an effective online platform for Social Networking. The intuitiveness and accessibility of the Internet for the masses has made it so powerful and intensive to stir the human spirit across boundaries.

Thanks to the untamed Web. At least, it is untamed for now.......
          What Time Of Day Is Best To Take L-carnetine   
"They make magic with the money ..."


I found the following comment, signed Corto , in an article Francis Velen (Blog from the rostrum of Geneva), about the volatile situation in Libya:


What Europeans do not see is that what happens in the 'nations' Arab is one thousandth of what the West will will take on the donut!

The Arab world and the West are just two sides of the same coin, you do not see that one side, some produce and other cars, they have oil!

You do not see that at the time the two would finally agree with a U.S. president pro-Arab, or rather pro-Iranian, is busting his nose while on the asphalt still warm in history.

You are all blind and you will see that this is just the beginning and it is not always the one who put the first goal wins the match. Frankly blindness among Arab and Western cowardice is white-hat-white hat and that he will happen if the Arabs come in a huge and incomprehensible civil war, millions of refugees in a Europe brink of bankruptcy. Here is the menu of this new century, a huge confusion in which, not only policies have no solution but did not see it coming so they anchored in corruption. Reread the comments Corto 2 years and you'll see that everything is there!

Personally when I see the UN, the European military powers did not intervene in Libya, so that everything passes was more than likely, I is not nothing wrong with Arab, on the contrary, they had the courage to confront their kleptomaniac monsters, bloodthirsty soulless and supported by the Swiss banks, but I see the sky of the Mediterranean does not planes Italian, French (Land of Human Rights) Domestic ( for once they have been used), or any civilized nation known as the Libyan civilians are being slaughtered, I even shame not to be an Arab!

Is Israel going to do the job? Ban ki Moon has 10,000 soldiers in an attempt to declare a civil war in Côte d'Ivoire, can not, this dog, sending its planes to Libya to calm things down?

We are in Geneva, a city where all the money from Qaddafi sleeps badly bloodied and where the UN welcomes daily catering trucks from Richmond, and nobody has exploded this puppet theater on a budget of tens of billion per year!

This world is screwed up, they screwed up is because you're not even fucking show your frustration on the net! it is fucked because tonight there is not much fats 10'000 Geneva outside the gates of the UN that trap these pests from reality!

A Federal Councillor who wore the headscarf of shame and not even his friend Gaddafi condemned the massacres of civilians, while she wept for not seeing the funds placed Gaddafi in Geneva migrate other paradise!

He would do what the Libyans are in Geneva and all the dictatorships in the world are buried! All the dirty money that junk sleep in Geneva!

Another little surprise, a film sponsored by Polanski on Switzerland, 23 minutes of normal madness! Here, the cultural genius is not subsidized.

A month ago wikileaks should publish documents involving Swiss banks in the dirty business, no one knows why nothing came officially break the web, but copies exist! Revenge is a dish best eaten warm.

Friends Libyan, Egyptian and Tunisian peoples all future free from the grip of dirty money and looted, remember the pressure on the Swiss political, they make magic with the money, they transform the billions millions when it comes to make the people!

Example; marcos would leave 70 million in Swiss banks, the reality was quite different, marcos left several billion! but they are gone as soon as they were to return to the Filipino people!

Corto

The
21/02/2011

          How Much Does It Cost To Buy A Great White Shark   
In the Arab world, Islam and Western democracy means dictatorship

by Abdenur Prado - posted Friday, February 11, 2011
Source: UMMA . COM

The West finances dictators in the Middle East and the Arab world for over a century.
pro-democracy demonstrations against dictatorships supported by the West in the Arab world, shows once again the immense hypocrisy of our leaders. Which side Western governments are, with the demonstrators or the dictators? The answer is simple: the side of those who generate millions for the benefit of Western multinational corporations.

But that does not surprise anyone. It is well known that the West has funded more than a century of dictatorships in the Middle East and the Arab world because it is through the autocracies that [the West] were able to control the resources of this region. Even if this leads to the exploitation and misery of people facing decommissioning, orchestrated by the International Monetary Fund, their social services in order to repay foreign debt generated by the millions in arms purchases in the West ... As the aspirations of civil society, increasing poverty, torture and repression, lack of civil liberties and human rights ... No Western leader does not care at all. And all have shown, continuously, without exception, for over a century. Remarks made recently by Henry Kissinger are revealing in this regard: "We've had five presidents who have considered Hosni Mubarak as the best ally of the U.S. objectives in the region. "

Just out of the archives all the statements of Western leaders who praise the Arab tyrants: their economic policies, their continued political stability, their contributions to international security, that they safeguard secularism and prevent the advance of Islamist movements ... In short, for submission to the dictates of Western financial markets and the International Monetary Fund.

This overview does only one variable: whether or not the connivance with the State of Israel. This underscores the critical role of Israel vis-à-vis the maintenance of dictatorships in the Arab world, a fact corroborated by the comments made by Netanyahu in support of Ben Ali and Mubarak as well as decades of collusion with the family Royal Saudi monarchy and other issues of colonialism. No surprise then to learn that Israeli diplomacy has done everything possible to save Mubarak. It is true that Israel has cause for concern, not only for the danger posed by the rise of political Islam, but also because the democratic governments that might arise would maintain not only their country's complicity in the genocide of the Palestinian people. The open border between Gaza and Sinai is crucial for the survival of the Palestinian people. This is a convincing argument in favor of democracy in Egypt and the Middle East! And
"Islamism" in all this? It serves as a bogeyman to justify the support of dictatorships "secularists." However, it obscures the fact that the majority of parties "Islamists" in the Arab world accepted the idea of parliamentary democracy.
An example of this paradigm is that the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt. In 1944 the founder, Hassan al-Banna, supported the participation in parliamentary elections, saying that the Egyptian constitution was "Islamic" because it recognized that the authority resides in the people, ensured the decision-making through consultation (Shura) and respect for individual freedoms. In some of his writings, he defends parliamentary democracy: "The bases of political organization based on the system of parliamentary representation does not contradict the fundamental principles that Islam has set in organization of power. "Since its founding, the Muslim Brotherhood have repeatedly stated that their intention is not to take power, but to educate society and to influence the system for Islamic ideals in justice being implemented. Despite this, they are portrayed as villains by the media manipulation and by Western governments. (I'm not a fan of the Muslim Brotherhood, but I am against their demonization. For their positions, see their website in English).

There is talk now of returning to Tunisia Rachid al-Ghannouchi, founder and historic leader of the party-Nahda in Tunisia, after 22 years of exile. According Ghannouchi, Islam provides a more fertile than that of the West to carry out democracy. There is a book of Azam Tamimi, where he studied his thought in detail, Rachid Ghannouchi: A Democrat within Islam, published by Oxford University Press. Among his ideals: "an Islamic system based on the will of the majority, free elections, free press, minority protection, equality between laity and religious parties, and achieving complete women's rights in all areas, participation in elections to the freedom to dress as they wish, the right to divorce, and even the right to be head of state. The role of Islam is to provide an ethical system. "

An ethical system that necessarily involves the abolition of usury Financial, which provides a minimum of social services for the entire population and the establishment mechanisms that prevent the accumulation of capital in the hands of a few individuals. An equally valid for Spain than for Egypt.

In Brief: Islamist movements are champions of democracy against tyranny corrupt funded by the West. It is curious to see how the terms were reversed at the point of passing the opposition, which demands democracy, for ... absolutists, and dictators that suppress civil liberties as saviors. The world upside down? The world seen through a mass media manipulation. That is to say, from a perspective of the interests of major Western financial corporations.


Translation: Amy Fetchman

          Avery Table Tents 5305   
Mohamed Hassan: "the causes of the revolution far beyond Tunisia Ben Ali and his party. "

Tunisians brought down the dictator Ben Ali. Today, they continue to fight against his men to head the transitional government. In this new chapter of our series "Understanding the Muslim world," Mohamed Hassan * ((photo-cons) explains the implications of the revolution of Tunisia and its root causes: how nationalism Liberal advocated by Tunisia under Bourguiba interests Western, plunging people into poverty, how a repressive state has put in place to maintain this system, why dictatorships in the Arab world are caused to fall, and how Islam became the condom imperialism




http://w41k.info//48669

(Gregory Lalieu Michel Collon)


In December 2010, riots broke out in Tunisia. A month later, President Ben Ali fled the country after twenty-three year reign. What are the causes of this revolution? And why is it popular movement succeeded in bringing down the dictator where other attempts have failed?

For there to be a revolution, it is necessary that people refuse to live as before and that the ruling class is no longer able to govern as before. On December 17, 2010, Mohamed Bouazizi, a young seller of fruits and vegetables, has sacrificed out of desperation after police had confiscated his goods himself, and that local authorities have to stop working. The conditions were ripe for a revolution broke out in Tunisia Bouazizi and suicide was the trigger.

Indeed, the Tunisians did not want to live as before: they were not accepting corruption, police repression, lack of freedom, unemployment, etc.. Moreover, the ruling class could no longer govern as before. Corruption under Ben Ali had taken a phenomenal amount while the majority of the population had to face insecurity. To maintain this status, police repression would be higher but it had reached its limits. The ruling elite was completely disconnected from the people for whom there was no interlocutor. Therefore, when popular revolts broke out, the ruling class had no choice but to quell the violence. But with the determination of the people, the repression reached its limit. This is one of the keys to the success of the popular revolution of Tunisia: it managed to reach all segments of society, including members of the army and police who sympathized with the demonstrators. The repressive apparatus could no longer function as before either. If a revolt occurs but is not able to combine different segments society, it can not lead a revolution.

Even after the departure of Ben Ali, the protests continue. The situation that Tunisians refuse is not the result of one man? For

signs "Ben Ali emerges" signs were followed by "CDR releases. Tunisians are attacking the president's political party because they fear that one of his men to take power. But in reality, the root causes that led to revolt Tunisians far outweigh Ben Ali and the RCD. It is not enough to turn the president for the people earns his freedom and improves living conditions.

corruption, unemployment, social inequality ... What are the effects of imperialist domination of the West over Tunisia. For Tunisia, after independence, became a project of the United States.

What do you mean by imperialism?


Imperialism is the process by which capitalist powers politically and economically dominated by foreign countries. Western multinationals plunder the resources of Africa, Latin America and Asia. They find opportunities for capital they will accumulate and exploit cheap labor market. I say that multinationals are not buying as they plunder the resources at their fair value and the local people not benefiting from these riches. And this looting would not be possible if these countries operated, there were no leaders to defend the interests of multinationals. These leaders are getting richer in the process. They constitute the so-called comprador bourgeoisie. They have no political vision for their own country does not produce wealth and do not develop a real economy. But personally enriched by trading resources their countries with multinationals. Obviously, the people are the biggest victim in all this!

When you're a nationalist anti-imperialist cons, you are looking to develop for yourself. You nationalize key sectors of your economy, rather than leaving the management to foreign companies. This will create a national economy in the country and you allow it to grow on the basis of independence. That's what I call a national democratic revolution: national independent because of the imperialist powers, democratic as against feudalism and the elements reactionaries in the country.

However, Bourguiba, Tunisia's first president, was considered a socialist. And during his reign, the state played a very important role in the economy.


Bourguiba's political party was socialist in name only. If the state played an important role, it was only for the benefit of an elite only. This is called state capitalism. In addition, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated all the progressive elements and anti-imperialist in his party. So that this party became the party of one man, completely subject to U.S. imperialism.

Habib Bourguiba , great actor in the struggle for independence, was president of Tunisia from 1957 to 1987


What Was Tunisia important for the United States?

To understand the importance of that country to the U.S. strategy, we must analyze the political context of the Arab world in years 50 and 60. In 1952, officers overthrew the monarchy of King Farouk of Egypt and proclaim a republic. With Nasser at the helm Egypt becomes the basis of Arab nationalism inspired with revolutionary ideas of socialism. As evidenced by the nationalization of the Suez Canal, Nasser's arrival in power is a blow to the West because the Egyptian president's policy is totally at odds with the hegemonic Western powers in the Near and Middle East. Worse still: the anti-imperialist ideas of Nasser are emulated in the region. In Yemen for example, where in 1962 a revolution divided the country, the South becoming a bastion of Arab revolutionary movement. The same year, the independence of Algeria sends a strong signal to Africa and the Third World, the imperialist powers put on alert. Libya also note the Qaddafi coup in 1969. The colonel took power and nationalized major sectors of the economy, to the chagrin of the West. The same year, the Islamic revolution in Iran toppled the Shah, one of the most important pillars of U.S. strategy in the Middle East.

short, at that time, an anti-imperialist movement defies strong strategic interests of the United States in the Arab world. Fortunately for Washington, all countries in the region do not follow the path of Nasser. It the case of Tunisia. In 1957, a year after the independence of Tunisia, Bourguiba was one of the first Arab leaders to send U.S. in the prestigious journal, Foreign Affairs. The title of the article? Nationalism best antidote to communism. For the United States who want to counter the influence of Nasser is a godsend! Bourguiba wrote in his article: "With the regard, Tunisia has chosen to make unequivocal its way into the free world from the West." We are in the Cold War. The Soviets argued that Nasser's influence grows in the region. And the U.S. needs pro-imperialist agents Bourguiba as not to lose strategic control of the Arab world.

Nasser announced the nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956

Can we be both nationalist and pro-imperialist?

Bourguiba was a liberal nationalist with anti-communist ideas which led him to join the imperialist camp in the West. In fact, I feel like George Padmore Bourguiba Arabic. Padmore was a leading Pan-Caribbean origin. In 1956 he wrote a book called Pan-Africanism or Communism: The battle ahead in Africa. Like Bourguiba, he fed anti-communist ideas and even if he declared himself a nationalist, his political vision was largely subservient to the interests of imperialist powers. Nationalism served as a cover, their policy is far from being independent. Padmore had a great influence on the first president of Ghana, Kwame Nkrumah, one of the instigators of the African Union. Its pro-imperialist ideas were able to spread across the continent with the result that we see today is celebrated around the golden jubilee of independence in Africa, but many Africans know they have never become independent. President Nkrumah himself later regretted having taken the advice of Padmore.

In Tunisia too, the submission to imperialist interests has quickly been felt and it turned out that nationalism advocated by Bourguiba was a facade. In the 70s, for example, the President has passed a series of measures intended to attract foreign investors: tax exemption on company profits for ten years, exemption from all duties and taxes for twenty years, exemption from Tax Income property values, etc.. Tunisia has become a vast workshop of Western multinationals in recent repatriation of profits.

Tunisia did she not still been some good progress under Bourguiba?

Yes, there have been positive developments: education, status of women, etc.. First, because Tunisia were the progressives in his elite players, but they were quickly dismissed. Then, because Tunisia was to be dressed in his finest dress. Indeed, this country played a major role in the strategy of the United States to counter the influence of communism in the Arab world. But what had you on the other side? Progressive revolutionary movements that had toppled backward and monarchies who enjoyed popular support. You could not counteract this movement by advocating a feudal system. Saudi Arabia has done so because it could use its oil money for that. But Tunisia, unable to rely on such resources, should provide some progressive image. In the fight against communism, it was supposed to represent a successful Third World countries have chosen the path of liberal nationalism.

But behind the scenes was less flattering. As I said, Bourguiba has systematically eliminated the progressive elements that do not follow his steps. The anti-imperialists who wanted an independent Tunisia both economically and politically, those who wanted to assert their own position in the Third World and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, all were opposed. Tunisia has in fact been used as a laboratory of the imperialist powers. And what was supposed to represent the success of liberal nationalism has become a dictatorship.

When Ben Ali Bourguiba succeeded in 1987, he continues on the same track?


Absolutely. One can even say that the submission to Western interests has grown. Ben Ali was a pure agent of U.S. imperialism. In 1980, as ambassador to Poland, he even served as a liaison between the CIA and Lech Walesa, the union leader who fought against the Soviet Union.

In 1987, when Ben Ali assumed the presidency of Tunisia, the country was deeply in debt by the capitalist crisis of 1973. Moreover, at that time, the ideas of Milton Friedman and his Chicago Boys were very popular. These ultra-liberal economists believed that the market is an entity capable of regulating themselves and that the state should certainly not interfere in the economy. The technical elite Tunisian largely from U.S. schools were highly influenced by theories of Friedman. Ben Ali then left the state capitalism in effect at the beginning of the era Bourguiba. Under the supervision of the IMF and World Bank, he began a privatization program much more massive than what his predecessor had already begun in the 70s.

What were the effects of this new economic policy?


First, privatization of the Tunisian economy has allowed Ben Ali and his wife's family, Trabelsi, personal enrichment. Corruption has reached a very high level, Tunisia has become a country totally subservient to imperialism, headed by a comprador bourgeoisie. Obviously, Ben Ali and his clan did not have many raw materials to selling out to Western multinationals. But they took advantage of the education system established under Bourguiba to develop a service economy. Indeed, the Tunisian workforce is highly educated and inexpensive at a time. It therefore attracts foreign investors.

Tourism has also developed strong as to become the mainstay of the Tunisian economy. Here we see the lack of political vision of the elite. Indeed, no country can develop its economy based on tourism if not first developed a national economic base. The tourism industry consumes a lot but reported very little to the Tunisian people. Imagine: while Western tourists consume hectoliters of water to bask in pools, Jacuzzis or golf course, the poor peasants in the south face of the drying soil.

But it's not just the farmers who have suffered from this policy. Overall, the social conditions of the Tunisian people deteriorated while the president's entourage has amassed a huge fortune. Everyone knew the regime was corrupt. So to maintain this system, the system should prevent any disputes. The repression became even more brutal penny Ben Ali simple criticism or even the desire for modernity and openness were not allowed. Such a situation could lead to popular revolt. Moreover, trying to monopolize his clan the wealth of the country, Ben Ali has also drew the ire of some of the traditional bourgeois Tunisia.


You say that political repression was very strong. Is there anyway today, opposition forces can guide the people's revolution now that Ben Ali has fallen?

Genuine opposition parties were banned under Ben Ali. However, some continued to exist underground. For example, the first Tunisian Communist Party could not live openly and organize like any political party in a democracy. But he continued to operate secretly through associations of civil society (teachers, farmers, doctors, prisoners ...). The PGWPP was able to form a social base and fired a solid experience of this period. It is exceptional in the Arab world.

I think two major challenges now await the opposition parties. First, they must come forward and make themselves known to the general public in Tunisia. Then they must organize a united front of resistance to imperialism. In fact, the imperialist powers seek to maintain the system without Ben Ali Ben Ali. We see now with the Union government National rejected the Tunisians, which is very positive. But the imperialist powers will not stop there. They will certainly seek to impose an International Electoral Commission to support candidates who defend to their best interests. It is therefore necessary to resist interference by creating a united front to build a true democracy.


Opposition parties are they able to overcome their differences to create such a front?

I know that some political parties were reluctant to associate Islamo-nationalist movement Ennahda. This movement emerged in the 80s. He advocated an anti-imperialist line and in fact, has suffered political repression. Why not combine Ennahda in front of resistance to the interference of foreign powers? Tunisia is a Muslim country. It is normal that a political force emerges with an Islamo-nationalist trend. You can not prevent that.

But each of these movements must be studied separately, with its own specificities. This was done by the communist PGWPP. They studied scientifically objective conditions that apply Tunisia. Their conclusion is that the Communists and Islamo-nationalists have been victims of political repression and that even though their programs differ, they share common ground: they want an end to dictatorship and the independence of Tunisia. The Communists have proposed an alliance with the Islamo-nationalists long ago. Of course, the PGWPP does not make Tunisia a Islamic state. Its political agenda is different from that of al-Nahda. But it is the Tunisian people who will judge these differences democratically. Elections should be a contest open to everyone. That is true democracy.

Precisely opposition parties gathered in front of 14 January to fight against the interim government of Mohamed Ghannouchi, a henchman of former President Ben Ali. A hopeful sign?

Absolutely, Tunisia is on the right track: all opposition parties banned so far have created a united front to prevent the system is maintained without Ben Ali Ben Ali. Also underline the role played by the base of the union UGTT. The head of the union authorized under Ben Ali was corrupt and working with the state police. But since the basis of the union put pressure on its leaders and members who UGTT were part of the transitional government have resigned. Although much remains to be done, democracy wins Tunisian institutions under pressure from the people.

Western powers opposed to that. They want to impose democracy in Tunisia where only low-intensity "good" candidates would be allowed to stand for election. If you look at the type of democracy that the United States enjoy, you come across Ethiopia. The U.S. government has provided $ 983 million to countries in the Horn of Africa for the year 2010. That same year, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, in office since 16 years, was reelected with 99.5 percent of the vote! It's even better than Ben Ali! The reality is this: behind their rhetoric in support of the Tunisian people, the Western powers continue to actively support many other Ben Ali in the world.

The United States could not they support other candidates pro-imperialist, but in the eyes of Tunisians, were not associated with the Ben Ali era?

It would be difficult. There is a part of the comprador bourgeoisie which was lésinée by the corrupt system of Ben Ali. But this elite is not strong enough control the popular movement and not enough grounding in the Establishment to win.

The United States had also thought of another strategy: a few months ago, while Ben Ali was still in power, the U.S. ambassador has visited a Communist leader in prison. Officially, a simple observation visit in the framework of respect for human rights. Unofficially, the U.S. anticipated the departure of Ben Ali and wanted to test the waters. Their goal was to get the Communists against the Islamo-nationalists, divide the resistance to imperialism to weaken more. But the Communists Tunisia does not fall into the trap. They are very familiar with the strategy developed by Henry Kissinger in the 80s in the Middle East. They published a very good study on the subject and know they should not take orders from outside or adhere to ideologies manufactured by foreign powers.

Why the U.S. have they abandoned Ben Ali? Had he gone too far in personal enrichment? According to a cable Wikileaks, the U.S. ambassador was very critical of the system of quasi-mafioso Tunisian president, organized corruption are obstacles to investments by foreign companies.

This is not the problem. The United States does not care about corruption. Instead, it is a key element of the system of domination on the U.S. South. In fact, Washington was aware of the internal situation in Tunisia and knew that Ben Ali would not be able to govern. The West must now ensure that the replacement of Ben Ali will continue to defend their interests. The stakes are high. The capitalist crisis is causing serious problems in the West. Besides this, China is getting stronger and now provides more loans than the World Bank and other imperialist powers combined. She even wants to buy a significant portion of the debt of the euro area partly because it has economic interests with European countries, on the other imperialist powers to divide, the EU is historically associated with states USA.

In such a context, the Tunisian people's movement, under the auspices of a revolutionary leadership, could establish an independent government and take advantage of this situation of a multipolar world. The imperialist powers fear that countries that were traditionally under his rule become economically independent, turning also to China. Tunisia could build relationships with the Asian giant to develop its commercial ports. And it would seriously question the concept of the Mediterranean Dialogue, this expansion of NATO to the countries of the Mediterranean that is not a dialogue but a mere instrument of Western domination.

Another country that seems to fear democracy in Tunisia and in the region, Israel. Deputy Prime Minister Silvan Shalom said shortly after the fall of Ben Ali that the development of democracy in Arab countries threaten Israel's security. This country often called only democracy in the Middle East, would he be afraid of competition?

Under a democratic facade, Israel is a fascist, apartheid state. In the region, it can not ally with repressive dictatorial states, led by comprador bourgeoisie that weaken the body of the Arab nation. Currently, these Arab states are rich countries inhabited by poor people. But if a democratic government in the full sense of the term emerges, it will increase economically the Arab nation as a whole. And this economic development will lead to an alliance of Arab countries against the state racist oppressing the Palestinians. Israel fears this course.

Moreover, there is a very big gap between the official positions of Arab dictatorships and the popular sentiment about the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Since Egyptian President Sadat visited Israel in 1977, Egypt's position is "we want peace." But it is a position imposed by force to the population. And the current Egyptian government is not content to maintain peaceful relations with Tel Aviv. It participates actively in the strangulation of Gaza, while the majority of Egyptians in solidarity with Palestinians.

It's the same alignment of Arab dictatorships on Washington politics. Tunisia, Saudi Arabia and Egypt are allies of the United States while the populations of these countries are anti-imperialists. I was in Egypt when Muntadhar al-Zaidi, a journalist in Iraq, threw his shoes on George W. Bush. The Egyptian population was celebrated as a hero. I heard of fathers wanting to marry their daughter with the reporter. Still, Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak is one of the most faithful allies of Washington.

Do you think the revolution Tunisia a domino effect could cause the downfall of other dictatorships in the Arab world?

70% of the population in Arab countries is less than thirty years and knows that unemployment, police repression and corruption. But all these young people want to live. And to live, they need change. This is the reality of each country. It is therefore not even need a domino effect, the objective conditions are ripe for further revolutions erupt.

People no longer want to live as before. But for their part, the ruling classes are they unable to govern as before?

course. And we see in Egypt today. There are police everywhere in this country. But it is impossible to control everything. A state police has its limitations and the Arab world have reached.

Furthermore, information plays a very important role today. Tunisians, Egyptians and peoples of the Third World are better informed through Al-Jazeera as part of an Internet and social networks on the other. The evolution of information technology has increased the level of education and consciousness of people. The people no longer a mass of illiterate peasants. You have a lot of very smart young people, with a certain practical sense, able to circumvent censorship and of mobilizing the Internet.

there in these countries the opposition forces can guide the popular revolutions?

Why Punishment is so important if these dictators were not in danger? Why the comprador bourgeoisie, so greedy, she would spend so much money in the repressive apparatus if she was not afraid to be reversed? If there was no opposition, all this would not be necessary.

the side of Western observers, many fear that the collapse of these regimes Arab favors the rise of Islamism. As summarized so finely Christophe Barbier, editor of L'Express, "Ben Ali is better than the bearded." These fears proved on of Islamism are they based?

Islamism became the condom of imperialism. Western powers justify their strategy of domination in the Arab-Muslim world under the guise of fighting against Islam. There are Islamists everywhere today. Soon, we shall find even traces of Al-Qaeda on Mars if it is useful to the imperialists!

In reality, the West has always needed to invent an enemy to justify its hegemonic designs and incredible military spending (financed by taxpayers). After the fall of the Soviet Union and the demise of the communist enemy is Islam and Al Qaeda who have played the roles of villains villains.

But the West has no problem with Islamism. It adapts very well to this trend in countries like Saudi Arabia. Moreover, he himself fostered the rise of Islamist movements to counter the Arab nationalism at a time. The real problem for the West is anti-imperialism. That's why he tries to discredit any popular movement in the Arab world who is opposed to its interests by affixing the label "Islamist."

Finally, it should not be very smart to think that the Arab dictatorships are bulwarks against the rise of religious fanaticism. Instead, these repressive regimes have led some of the population to be radicalized. Who could afford to say that such and such people have no right to democracy? In a truly democratic country, different political forces may emerge. But the bourgeoisie comprador ruling in the Arab dictatorships can not convince people. She can not even face to face. To defend the imperialist interests, you must prevent other political forces to emerge because they are likely to convince the people against a corrupt elite. The West has always sought to maintain dictatorships that served its interests by waving the specter of Islamism. But the Arab peoples need democracy. They claim it today and nobody can not go against these claims.

Source: www.michelcollon.info
          Zumba Before And After Picutures   
Democratic Transition in Tunisia

"Tunisia is between radical and authoritarian democracy"
EROS BY SANA (January 31, 2011)

Source: http://www.bastamag .net/article1401.html

How to build the democratic transition in Tunisia? Vincent Geisser, a researcher at the Institute for Research and Studies on the Arab and Muslim world, analyzes the role played by different actors in Tunisia - political opponents, former regime of Ben Ali, "Islamist" party, army, police - and foreign powers. It describes possible scenarios of democratic consolidation in the coming weeks. Maintenance.

Basta! : Where is the revolution in Tunisia? What are the strategies of the opposing forces to build the "transition Democratic?

Vincent Geisser [1]: The "democrats" Tunisians who supported and accompanied the revolution are deeply divided over the future of the protest movement. There are those who feel the need to strengthen the nascent democracy by putting a definitive end to the protest process. They are supporters of a certain security standards, based on a historic compromise between the "doves" of the former regime, opponents and independent representatives UGTT single union (the General Union of Tunisian Workers). They want to consolidate the democratic transition, including by dealing with the army and the party more "healthy" of the security apparatus, as well as some former bosses of the regime known for their "openness." This is the position advocated by Najib Chebbi (Democratic Progressive Party), former opponent in Ben Ali, currently Minister of the transitional government.

Others want to eradicate all traces of the old regime and the party-state, and reject any compromise. This is where supporters of Marzouki (Congress for the Republic) and members of the Communist Party of Tunisian Workers (POCT). And of course leaders movement of "unemployed graduates" of the interior. They wish to push through the "democratic revolution" to give birth to a new political, economic and social development. Both camps have no real difference in political culture, they are animated by democratic ideals. What separates them fundamentally, the strategy of rupture and especially the "democracy agenda".

What remains of the old regime?


There is some disappointment today protesting actors, quite understandable - I think particularly young people "unemployed graduates". But there is no objective risk of returning to the old regime or system restore mafia. A break has occurred. The dictator is gone. This is a crucial element when it is known that while Tunisia was around him, with extreme personalization of power. mafia clans and profiteers - families Ben Ali, Trabelsi and others - have fled. Darkest segments of the security apparatus were largely dismantled.

If we can legitimately understand the disappointment of " radical democrats, "as Marzouki, Hammami, Nasraoui, and unemployed graduates who feel that their revolution was stolen, the former regime is ousted. We are in a transition phase. But this transition can lead to a regime that bastard would an independent candidate access to presidential power, with new elements but also with elements of the old regime. This will lead to reinforce a kind of "authoritarian democracy" or "democratic authoritarianism".

What role did the Tunisian army played in the revolution and what role can it play in the future?

The army has been in recent weeks a fundamental role, not supporting the plan of repression of Ben Ali. She clearly rejected the extreme policies of the supreme leader, and instead played a protective role players protesters. The reason? The army is not connected with the mafia and clan interests of power. Unlike Egypt, Syria or even Algeria, Tunisia army has no direct interest in industry or in the management of oil revenues. It is an army of about 35,000 men, composed of employees, officials, technicians and engineers.

should not be provided to paint a romantic portrait. The Tunisian army played a repressive role in 1978 to channel the social movements, and in 1981 and 1984 to quell the "bread riots". This time, she refused the role because the sources of legitimacy of the regime were exhausted. Ben Ali was discredited, corruption was widespread. Faced with this stalemate, the military has understood that the only solution was to replace the dictator.

This reaction - some would say "Republican" - is primarily dictated by pragmatic: generals and senior officers are convinced that a crackdown could lead to chaos and their own demise. As the "political fluidity" present, the Tunisian army can play a more important role in the constitutional process and the "pacification" social, oscillating between registry and registry security mediation with the forces of the country.

"security apparatus" Tunisia is it still present and operational?

France has 60 million inhabitants, Tunisia 9 million. Yet both countries have almost the same number of police officers: 135.000. is huge! Tunisia is one of the countries with the most police per capita. The security apparatus, through the Ministry of Interior is fully engaged in repression. Part of the police fired into the crowd with live ammunition. It is the security apparatus of Ben Ali who is responsible for nearly 70 deaths officially deplored and thousands injured. But the whole apparatus police is not corrupt: the "rotten" mafia of the security apparatus was largely dismantled.

There is more to fear from areas of the Department of the Interior directly to the clans and Ben Ali Trabelsi. They are currently in hiding. I do not believe in a return of "old demons" even if the future Tunisian democracy can deal with safety trends similar to those we see now in France with Nicolas Sarkozy. In this sense there is a danger of creating in Tunisia in the coming months an "authoritarian democracy".

What role can the "Islamists" in the democratic process?


The "Islamists" Tunisians have long been integrated into "democratic forums." They are "fundamentalists embedded" in the democratic debate in exile. They participated in Paris, London, Marseille numerous opposition rallies, alongside the left, communist, socialist, even anti-Islamic. Many leaders of the left Tunisian 'secular' leaders have frequently met with "Islamists". In many ways the 'fundamentalists' are already integrated into the political game of Tunisia.

For the party Ennahdha (Renaissance) Rached Ghannouchi, the model is not radical Islam or Islamism Salafi Saudi-style, but the AKP, which currently leads Turkey. This means accepting the parliamentary game and advocating economic liberalism tinged social, and especially a certain pragmatism with other Democrats. There is a huge myth about "Islamists" of Tunisia. The party Ennahdha is more of a liberal conservative party, which is not at all in a process of creating an Islamic state or Islamic theocracy. The Islamists classic "Tunisians are now looking to Ankara, they did nothing" green fascists. " How

react today Western countries and Arab neighbors?


The United States has played a leading role in the departure of Ben Ali.
support President Barack Obama to the social movement, even if he was shy, was much sharper than that of France. Beyond this symbolic support, it would seem that the Obama administration has given its support to the Tunisian army and "doves" of the regime (Mohamed Ghannouchi, Prime Minister and Kamel Morjane, the Minister of Foreign Affairs) to sacrifice Ben Ali. It is clear that the United States supported the transition scenario.

Regarding the Arab countries, we can really worry that some plans make every effort to derail the democratic process in Tunisia. Saudi Arabia, Libya, Algeria has no interest in a democracy can arise in the Arab world. A "loose coalition" of Arab dictators could be to sabotage or disrupt the democratic process in Tunisia.

Support from U.S., EU and France to Tunisian Democrats is essential. Either you play the card of democracy in the Arab world or, rather, play an ambiguous role and promotes the perverse game of Saudi Wahhabis, the megalomaniac dictatorship of the regime of Gaddafi and Algerian generals. In this case, we should not complain about the progress of the Salafist jihadist ideology!

How Does France have made such errors of analysis on the situation of Tunisia?

The official position of France was not based on an error analysis, but on a political logic of total and blind support for Ben Ali regime. Interpret the statements of Michele Alliot-Marie as a political mistake is wrong. This is not a political mistake, this is a failing policy. France has always supported authoritarian regimes . She believes that one does diplomacy in relations between States and civil societies are not important.

The United States have both supported Ben Ali and developed concrete relations with unions and all the dissidents of the regime. In contrast, France has always prohibited its diplomacy to have any contact with everything that could affect the quality of its relations with Ben Ali. This blindness is the logic of French policy towards the Arab world: "We support dictators against the risks of destabilization! It seems that France has included a number of mistakes. Hopefully it reorients its policy towards Tunisia openly supporting the democratic process.

What are the possible scenarios in the weeks and months ahead?

Tunisia has a choice between two options. Either authoritarian democratic consolidation that would lead the country until elections, with a broad coalition around an opponent as independent Nejib Chebbi (PDP), with some elements of former regime elements and the trade union left. In this case, the elections will certainly be "democratic" (at least in appearance), but the scenario is first "programmed" the government candidate will have particular ways superior to those of its opponents. This scenario of "managed democracy" is intended to protect Western interests and pursue the integration of Tunisia in the "world economy" in the footsteps of the Bank World Bank and the IMF. A scenario where the candidate would be a sort of "Tunisian Ouattara.

Another assumption: the pressure of the street continues or increases and pushes the government to resign or to go much further, with the dissolution of the party of Ben Ali (RCD), the establishment of a genuine process with the constitutional election of a constituent assembly. Total semi-democracy or democracy? Radical break with the old regime or consolidation autoritaro-democratic? This is how I would put the political future of Tunisia. A future which, in all cases, will be without Ben Ali.

Interview by Eros Sana



Notes [1] Vincent Geisser is a sociologist and researcher at the CNRS and the Institute for Research and Studies on the Arab and Muslim world (IREMAM). He is author, with Marzouki, dictators on borrowed time. A democratic path in the Arab world, editions of L'Atelier, 2009.

          Holders Mamelodi Sundowns into CAF Champions League quarterfinals   
Khama Billiat of Mamelodi Sundowns is helped up by teammate Anthony Laffor of Mamelodi Sundowns during the CAF Champions League match between Mamelodi Sundowns and St George on 13 May 2017 at Lucas Moripe Stadium, Pretoria South Africa. A late goal from talisman Anthony Laffor away in Ethiopia on Saturday ensured progress for holders Mamelodi Sundowns through to the CAF Champions League quarterfinals, where they are joined by Tunisian pair of Esperance and Etoile Sahel. Sundowns beat Saint George in Addis Ababa with the Liberia international netting five minutes from time. Combined with Esperance's 2-2 draw against AS Vita Club of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sundowns are now ensured of progress as they moved three points...
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          Holders Mamelodi Sundowns into CAF Champions League quarterfinals   
Khama Billiat of Mamelodi Sundowns is helped up by teammate Anthony Laffor of Mamelodi Sundowns during the CAF Champions League match between Mamelodi Sundowns and St George on 13 May 2017 at Lucas Moripe Stadium, Pretoria South Africa. A late goal from talisman Anthony Laffor away in Ethiopia on Saturday ensured progress for holders Mamelodi Sundowns through to the CAF Champions League quarterfinals, where they are joined by Tunisian pair of Esperance and Etoile Sahel. Sundowns beat Saint George in Addis Ababa with the Liberia international netting five minutes from time. Combined with Esperance's 2-2 draw against AS Vita Club of the Democratic Republic of Congo, Sundowns are now ensured of progress as they moved three points...
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From the moment it was launched in 2015, on a wave of heart-warming largesse, the British charity Care4Calais became a magnet for those determined to ease the plight of refugees stranded in northern France.

Volunteers pitching up at the charity’s usually bustling warehouse near Sangatte in Calais this week, however, would have found the rented building — still stuffed to the rafters with bags of donations from kind-hearted Brits — virtually abandoned.

A sign is taped to the door, declaring operations ‘on the ground’ have been suspended.

The reason for halting their urgent humanitarian work? According to a statement on the charity’s website, it’s down to an ‘immediate security issue linked to a former volunteer’.
But, as the Mail can reveal, the true story behind the temporary closure of this controversial charity is far more disturbing than that statement implies. The volunteer referred to is Mohamed Bajjar, a 28-year-old Tunisian who, we revealed earlier this year, had a year-long affair with Care4Calais’s 46-year-old married founder, Clare Moseley — the same boss who implemented a strict ‘no sex with refugees’ policy among staff.

Their relationship ended acrimoniously at the end of 2016 amid claims that Bajjar, who has frequently posed as a Syrian refugee called ‘Kimo’ and was hired by the charity as a translator and bodyguard, had tried to con Mrs Moseley out of thousands of pounds.

It was Bajjar, the Mail can reveal, who on June 14 broke into the Care4Calais warehouse and who, in an apparent act of revenge directed at Mrs Moseley, poured petrol around the building, intent on setting it ablaze. His spite towards his ex-lover apparently ran deep. Before the failed attack, he texted a friend with a chilling message which was shown to the Mail: ‘I will just end up killing her and taking her life easy. I’m really ready to do it because I love her more than anything in the world.’

Fortunately, he was thwarted before he could ignite the petrol.

Morgan Schuppe, 29, whose family owns the warehouse, said: ‘Kimo turned up alone clearly in a very agitated state. He was carrying cans of petrol and spread it all over the warehouse.

‘He was shouting about how he was going to set the warehouse on fire. He said he wanted to “kill everyone” associated with the charity, and he was particularly angry with Clare.’

Once inside, Bajjar stole keys and around 30 mobile phones which belonged to the charity. ‘I was present with charity workers,’ said Mr Schuppe. ‘We were very scared. I tried to reason with him. His breath smelt of alcohol. He was clearly drunk and furious. He said he had a grievance with Clare.’

Mr Schuppe knew ‘Kimo’ from his time as a worker with the charity but said he had ‘changed completely’.

‘He was in a terrible state. I called the police and when they turned up they had to handcuff him. Kimo was taken away and placed in custody in Calais. The police are not able to tell me how he is being dealt with. We are living in fear of him returning. We have spent a lot of money changing locks and reinforcing doors.’

Morgan’s uncle, Michael Schuppe, who owns the warehouse, added: ‘We may have to review our relations with the charity.’

While Bajjar is believed to be in police custody in Calais, Mrs Moseley, whose husband, Ben, 39, is a corporate tax partner at Deloitte in Manchester, is travelling in the U.S.

The statement about the closure of Care4Calais referred to ‘our founder and CEO, who will be absent for some weeks due to health issues and other personal commitments’.

But this nasty incident has again embroiled Care4Calais in a highly damaging scandal, one in which the fall-out from Mrs Moseley’s private life threatens to overshadow her volunteers’ philanthropy.



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خصصت مكاتب البريد في كل من جربة ميدون وجربة حومة السوق وجرجيس حصة مسائية يومية من الساعة 17:30 إلى الساعة 21:30. وأفاد مراسل راديو شمس آف آم بولاية مدنين بأن هذه الحصص ستكون على مدار الأسبوع من الاثنين إلى الأحد بداية من اليوم وإلى غاية موفى أوت المقبل. ووفق المدير الجهوي للبردي بولاية مدنين فإن هذا الإجراء تم اتخاذه لأن هذه المكاتب موجودة […]

Cet article جربة و جرجيس.. عدد من مكاتب البريد تخصص حصة مسائية يوميا من 17:30 إلى 21:30 est apparu en premier sur www.tunisialeaks.net.


          اصطدام ناقلة نفط بسفينة شحن بين فرنسا وبريطانيا في بحر المانش   

اصطدمت ناقلة تحمل 38 ألف طن من البنزين بسفينة شحن كبيرة في حوالي الواحدة فجر السبت 1 تموز ـ يوليو 2017، في مضيق با-دى-كاليه الواقع في بحر المانش بين فرنسا وبريطانيا، وفق السلطات البحرية الفرنسية. وكتبت الشرطة البحرية الفرنسية لبحر المانش وبحر الشمال في تغريدة :الوضع تحت السيطرة. هيكل الناقلة سليم ولا يوجد أي خطر […]

Cet article اصطدام ناقلة نفط بسفينة شحن بين فرنسا وبريطانيا في بحر المانش est apparu en premier sur www.tunisialeaks.net.


          Comment on Who Killed theTunisian singer Thekra? by daveyone1   
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          LATEST POINTS TO PONDER SUNDAY 3/3   

Top World News Now                 
March 3, 2013


United States
Obama Pardons 17 Felons, First in His Second Term
DHS built domestic surveillance tech into Predator drones
'Hundreds of thousands' of documents captured with Osama bin Laden, but only 17 released
Michigan governor moves to appoint emergency manager in Detroit
Pentagon Plans to Ask for Base Closures 
Thousands of Soldiers to Leave Europe
U.S. lawmakers question military aid to Egypt, citing concerns about Israel
US factory work is returning, but the industry has changed
'Anonymous' Hacker Explains Why He Fled The US
Among Most Polluted in US, NYC Area Awaits Cleanup
US Budget Cuts Force Yellowstone to Delay Opening
Obama signs sequester bill
Obama moves a step closer to approval of Keystone pipeline
Navy Building a Drone Base in Sunny Malibu


Russia
Ukrainian leader, fresh from EU talks, to meet Putin
Russian Arms Trade Czar Says "War" Declared on Weapon Supplies to Syria
Russian demonstrators rally in support of U.S. adoption ban
Moscow Police to Probe Alleged Rally Payment Scam
Moscow Mayor says no to more mosques in the city
Opposition’s ‘Social March’ Fizzles Out in Moscow
Uzbek National Shot Dead in Moscow
Putin, Obama stress cooperation, pledge to 'avoid deterioration' in relations
Russia presses for extradition of fugitive banker
Ukrainian President: Gas contract with Russia is killing us
Putin Signals Russia Can Be More Flexible on Syria
Putin says Russia should listen to French arguments on Syria, over vodka
Russians commend Putin's performance, believe he can keep election promises


China
Islands Dispute: China Warns Japan Ahead Of Legislative Session
A push for change in China as new leaders take the helm
China's reform roadmap gets clearer
China "fully prepared" for currency war
China divided on TV 'execution parade': judicial resolve or crude voyeurism
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Kills 12 in Chinese Coal Mine
Spill in China Underlines Environmental Concerns
China's fourth space launch center to be in use in two years
Xi Jinping taking on corruption in China
Premier Li Keqiang, as Hu Jintao protege, may be outgunned on policy
China calls for decreased tension on Korean Peninsula
5 Tibetans, mostly Buddhist monks, arrested for inciting self-immolations
Darkness at noon as worst dust storm in months mixes with morning smog
China's First Aircraft Carrier on Way to Permanent Base at Qingdao in North


United Kingdom
Cameron: UK 'can transform Africa' with G8
Cameron Vows To Stay The Course
Cameron buries hatchet with Plebgate MP Andrew Mitchell - and offers him £250,000 EU job
Government fights Europe over air pollution reduction
EU banker pay cap 'threatens thousands of British jobs'
Revealed: One in four of UK's top companies pay no tax
Banker Andrei Borodin granted asylum in Britain after fleeing Russia
UK Explorer: Green Campaigning Has Failed
UK commits £88m to Chilean telescope 'as big as all existing ones put together'
Paedophile ring leader, Colin Peters, linked to Barnes scandal
Cameron vows to defend UK banks


European Union
Hundreds of thousands march against austerity in Portugal
Italy paralysed as Grillo plots exit route from euro
Italian newcomer Grillo predicts collapse in six months
Italy President Napolitano calls for realism after vote
Greek military prepares for mass repression
1000s hold anti-austerity demo in Greece
At least 22 people hurt in Macedonia ethnic protests over new defense minister
Mass layoffs at Caterpillar in Belgium
Dark Rumblings Of A Coup D'État In Spain
Spain Delays Catalunya Banc Auction
Spain overturns Islamic face veil ban
Thousands march in Portugal to protest austerity

Germany
Germany Blasted for Role in Europe's Crisis
German states rail against 'stupid' wealth transfers
Italian president says Germany must give EU recovery a boost
Germany Debates Fracking as Energy Costs Rise
Bitter feud divides family of Germany's reunification leader
Racism in German military mirrors society
Germany discovers toxin in animal fodder
Angela Merkel Wishes Bulgaria's Borissov Quick Recovery
Merkel cabinet lowers bars to German labor market
Kerry praises Germany's 'exemplary leadership' in Europe
Italian president scraps meeting with German opposition leader over "clown" remarks

France
Hollande leads tributes to 'a great figure' and resistance fighter
As France's Mali mission grows, so does terror threat from homegrown militants inside France
France considers marijuana-based drug
France will not reach 2015 disabled access target
Paris seeks alternative to 75% tax
France-Qatar tensions rise over Mali war, Tunisia
Hollande juggles trade, human rights in Moscow
Hollande to Talk Syria Settlement With Putin
Kerry holds talks on Mali with French leadership
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Al-Qaeda leader behind Algeria gas plant hostage massacre killed in Mali
US Seeks to Confirm Report of Terror Leader's Death
Syria: Fierce Clashes in Provincial Capital Raqqa
Assad Forces Take Aleppo Village, Reopening Supply Line
Syrian President Assad Blasts British Government
Iran Says Syria’s Assad to Run for 2014 Election
How Does the U.S. Mark Unidentified Men in Pakistan and Yemen as Drone Targets?
Syrian Rebels Angry Over US Aid: ‘Only Thing We Want Is Weapons’

Insight Into Today’s News
Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
Norway Enters The Currency Wars
The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
The Last Liberal Branch of Government
US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets

Israel
Netanyahu secretly visited Jordan to discuss peace with Palestinians
Netanyahu gets two more weeks to form Israel coalition
3 Syrian Mortars Land in Southern Golan Heights
Gaza Border: Senior Officer's Vehicle Hit by Gunshots
New coalition will have to freeze construction outside settlement blocs
Tissue tests planned for Israelis in Gaza who want to cross border
Palestinian PM evacuated from West Bank after Israeli soldiers fire teargas at protesters
Sequestration: Israel Could ‘Gradually’ Lose $500 Million in US Aid
Netanyahu blasts Erdogan's 'dark and libelous' criticism of Zionism


Turkey
Scud Missile Fired in Syria Lands Near Iraqi Village
Bombs Kill at Least 22 in Iraqi Capital
Erdoğan: Islamophobia, anti-Semitism same
Turkey's Difficult Choice in Palestine, Israel
Erdogan Calls for More Support for Syrian Opposition
Kurdish leader 'outlines' Turkey peace plan
More Military Arrests in Turkey For 'Feb. 28 Process'
Turkey Provides Schools for Syrian Refugee Children
Iraq budget stalemate deepens over Kurd oil payments
Iraq continues to allow Iranian overflights to Syria


Egypt
John Kerry visits Egypt as dozens injured in violent protests
Kerry urges Egypt to take difficult economic steps; opposition figures skip meetings
Protesters Demand Armed Forces Intervention in Cairo
Ex-member: Muslim Brotherhood has secret societies in 80 nations, including U.S.
Bahrain Activist Zainab Al-Khawaja Sentenced to Jail
176 Protesters Held in Saudi Arabia
Qatar's Influence in Egypt Runs Deeper Than Its Pockets
Morsi criticized for reaction to tragedy
Parties who boycotted Morsi's national dialogue invited to send suggestions
Opposition refuse to stand in Egypt's parliamentary elections

Iran
Ahmadinejad: National dialogue only way to end Syria crisis
Ahmadinejad: West's war against Iran media doomed to failure  
Ahmadinejad to Visit Pakistan This Month to Inaugurate IP Gas Pipeline Construction
Threatening Iran Won't Help in Nuclear Talks, Envoy Says
Seized Chinese Weapons Raise Concerns on Iran
Head Of Iran's Qods Force Suggests Assad Is Vulnerable
Sanction-Hit Iran Fears Unrest as New Elections Near
Khamenei tells Zardari pipeline must advance despite US opposition
Ahmadinejad Aide’s Candidacy a Challenge to Iran’s Theocratic Status Quo
Ahmadinejad, Zardari Stress Expansion of Iran-Pakistan Ties


Venezuela
Hugo Chavez undergoing chemotherapy
VP Maduro: Capriles Seeks Destabilization in Venezuela
Venezuela decries "absurd" rumors over Chavez death
Maduro: Chavez ‘battling’ for his life
Rumours swirl as Chavez stays out of sight
Former envoy claims Venezuela's Chavez is dead
Venezuela government denies rumours about Chavez
Venezuelans hold demo in support of Chavez
Student demonstration dispersed by authorities in Venezuela
FARC: Colombia government to blame for coffee strike


Brazil
Brazil to get its first nuclear subs
Rousseff Meets Nigerian Leader for Trade Talks
Brazil's Unemployment Rises More Than Forecast in January
Prosecutors investigate spying charges against consortium building dam in Brazil
Brazil turns to Catholic Church to quash crack epidemic
Brazil Wind Developers May Be Required to Build New Power Lines
No one is safe from Argentina's drug war
Modern Slavery Rears its Ugly Head in Chile
Chilean Navy Saves 25 Stranded Whales, 20 Die
Peru says American couple found; family wants 'proof of life'


Mexico
Nieto Says Justice Will Be Done in Union Boss’s Case
Six Bodies Found in Mexico, Including Teenage Boy Earlier Arrested for Murder
Mexican Daily Hit by Third Attack This Week
Army Kills 4 Gunmen in Northern Mexico
Two Police Gunned Down in Guatemala
Fire hits big Mexico City marketplace
Pena Nieto enacts major education reform
Powerful head of Mexico teachers union is arrested
Mexico to Launch New Police Force Later This Year

Cuba Dissident’s Daughter Says Dad’s Death Was No Accident
Cuban Dissidents Hope to Build Mass Organization
A post-Castro Cuba
Chavez Congratulates Raul Castro on Re-Election
Castro Retirement News Prompts Tepid Response In Miami
Transition now seen as underway in Cuba
Cooperatives Could Save Cuban Socialism
South African medical students in Cuba may be deported
No ease for Cuba from US state sponsor of terrorism list


United Nations
U.N. Security Council asks for report on possible Mali peacekeepers
Ban Tones Down Criticism of Rwanda Over Congo Claims
UN chief says Iran should gain world confidence over its disputed atomic plan
Libya to ask U.N. to lift arms embargo
UN Removes Osama bin Laden From Sanctions List
Emir of Ansar Dine added to US, UN
          POINTS TO PONDER AND TOP NEWS   

Top World News Now                 
February 26, 2013



United States
Obama To Tell Israelis of Plan for Iran War
Obama's Paycheck Exempt From 'Sequester'
White House Sells Meetings with Obama for $500k
Pentagon to Keep Gen. Allen Probe a Secret
Kerry: US to Hasten Syria Government Change
Kerry’s first overseas trip off to shaky start
Bill unveiled to legalize medical pot
Why Should Taxpayers Give Big Banks $83 Billion a Year?
Listen up ladies! Next time there's a draft, Uncle Sam might want you too
Homeland Security Chief Threatens Long TSA Lines From Sequester
TB outbreak: LAPD urges officers to wear masks
US Internet providers start spy program to stop file-sharing
Billions at stake: US and BP clash in court over Gulf oil spill
Nation of Islam asks for gang protection
New York City homelessness continues to set new records
Canadian Asteroid-Hunting Satellite Launched into Space


Russia
Putin's KGB/FSB Converging with New IMF Banking FSB
Putin signs radical anti-tobacco bill into law
In Putin's Russia, Shooting the Messenger
Medvedev: No Grounds for New ‘Cold War’
Deputy FM Ryabkov: Iran sanctions may be lifted
Zyuganov reelected Communist chief, vows reset in left-wing politics
China, Russia ink major energy deal
Moscow 'regrets' treatment of Russians abroad
Moscow Welcomes Release of 15 Russian Sailors in Nigeria
1kg meteorite piece found in Russian Urals, biggest chunk yet discovered
Moscow Police Seize Large Cache of ‘Black Market’ Weapons
At Least 17 Amur Tigers Dead in Russia's Far East in 2012
Protests in Ukraine as EU gives May ultimatum
Ukraine wields natural gas trump card in Brussels
As Medvedev is savaged, Putin silent
State Duma Backs Putin's Foreign Assets Bill


China
Xi vows peaceful path on Taiwan
Xi calls for cross-Strait cooperation in realizing "Chinese dream"
Xi rewards Chinese missile brigade for launching 100 missiles
Hu Jintao meets KMT honorary chairman
State councilor meets South Korea's new president
South Korea's Park Warns North Against Nuclear Pursuits
Foreign Ministry: All Japanese activities regarding Diaoyu Islands illegal
Min of Environmental Protection refuses to release data from soil contamination investigation
China to halt approvals for small coal mines
2 Tibetan Monks Self-Immolate as Anti-China Protests Continue
Tibet's Growing Tragedy: Self-Immolation Protests Reach 105
5.4-magnitude earthquake jolts Tibet
BBC World Service Shortwave Radio Blocked in China
Chinese transport "workhorses" extending military's reach


United Kingdom
David Cameron: I'll stop migrant benefits
John Kerry: US Won't Back UK on the Falklands
Britain's top cardinal resigns over allegations 'he behaved inappropriately with priests'
Family Targeted in North Belfast Blast Bomb Attack
Cameron to hold talks with Kerry
Head of Cameron's local Tory branch resigns over gay marriage
Clegg denies cover up of associate's misconduct
Tory threat to rival parties over libel law
UK Ratings Cut Puts Spotlight on Budget
Will Litvinenko-MI6 links be revealed?
UK onshore wind farms to create more carbon dioxide than they save
Tax Breaks Spur Record UK Offshore Oil & Gas Spend


European Union
Berlusconi revives political career in chaotic Italian election
Italian markets celebrate Berlusconi’s poor performance in election
Italy's center-left to win lower house, leads in Senate race
Initial results indicate stalemate in Italian election
Angry Italians deliver austerity warning
EU ministers discuss horse meat crisis
EU holds breath over crucial Italy election
Topless Femen protest against Berlusconi as he votes in election
Protest votes add to uncertainty in close Italy election
Spanish Police Nab 3 Suspected of Spying for Iran
Spain police arrest 45 in Madrid after protest


Germany
Merkel holds talks with Turkish leaders frustrated by slow-moving EU talks
Germany presses Turkey for progress in lifting embargo on Cyprus
German government backs ban on far-right party
German Intel Paid Neo-Nazi Informer $240,000
Bare-chested protesters take on Berlin
Merkel: China, Russia seeing Syrian president's time is up
Merkel Raises Turks' Hope Of European Union Entry
Merkel kicks off sensitive visit to Turkey
Merkel inspects German Patriot missiles in Turkey
Germany arms the Persian Gulf monarchies
Germany patient with France on deficit


France
Hollande's Sarkozy joke riles French opposition
Ayrault: Boko Haram Claiming to Hold French Family
France blasts 'cruelty' as Boko Haram displays kidnapped family
France to pause austerity, cut spending next year instead: Hollande
Hollande urges compulsory labeling amid horsemeat scandal
France's military operation in Mali in 'final phase'
France warns of kidnappings, attack risk in Benin
France is euro 'problem child', frets Angela Merkel's party official
War For Global Energy Supremacy-World War III
Syrian Opposition Pledges to Attend Rome Summit
Syria says ready to talk with armed opposition
Kerry Vows Not to Leave Syria Rebels 'Dangling in the Wind'
Car blast rocks central Damascus, casualties reported
Assad's Army Has Fled Entire Area Bordering Israel
Syrian Refugees Riot in Jordan Camp; 3 Hurt
Nearly 100 Rebels Are Reported Killed in Mali Battle
No sign of peace or reconciliation in Mali
West African Mali forces to cost €715m

Insight Into Today’s News
Billionaires Continue To Dump Stocks
G20 issues empty declaration against currency wars
Norway Enters The Currency Wars
The Second-Mortgage Shell Game
The Last Liberal Branch of Government
US/NATO occupation of Afghanistan unraveling
Goodbye? We’ve Lost Who We Are?
US Schools Go Into Full Prison Mode
Hornady Addresses Ammo Shortage: We’re working 24/7
US Media Yet Again Conceals Newsworthy Government Secrets

Israel
Netanyahu: Arrow will help us on peace, or defense
Netanyahu urges the PA to calm rioters and stone throwers
West Bank Streets 'Boiling' as Abbas Accuses Israel of Stoking Unrest
IDF and Palestinians clash following prisoner's funeral
West Bank Protests Grow, Fears of New Intifada
Israel, US successfully test anti-missile system
Palestinian officials accuse Israel of torturing inmate to death
Palestinian Detainee’s Death in Israel Sparks Unrest
Thousands of jailed Palestinians stage 1-day hunger strike


Turkey
Erdogan holds joint press conference with Merkel
Kurdish Peace Process to Start After PKK Leave Turkey
Erdoğan: Assad a ‘mute devil’ for not defying Israel
Defense Minister Says 965 Suicides Among Soldiers in 10 Years
Turkey in Key Stage to Address Kurdish Issue
Turkey lists requests from Germany's Merkel
Turkey eyes Karabakh step from Armenia to open ways
Turkey Pressures Germany on EU Accession
Turkey says aid pledges for Syrian refugees 'unfulfilled'
Iraq shuts down 3 illegal tunnels to Syria


Egypt
Bahrain Bans Import of Plastic Guy Fawkes Masks
ElBaradei Calls for Boycott of 'Sham' Parliamentary Election
Egyptian Brotherhood Hits Back at Opposition Leader
Stripped of 'Country of Origin' Label, US Agrees to Sell Tear Gas to Egypt
Bahraini Dies After Being Struck by Tear Gas Canister
Divided Egypt opposition attacks Morsi on election call
Morsi calls parliamentary elections in April
Thousands hold anti-government protests in Egypt
New death from SARS-like virus in Saudi

Iran
World Powers May Offer Iran Sanctions Relief at Nuclear Talks
UK claims General Shateri actually died in January bombing of Hezbollah-bound weapons convoy
World Powers Seek Compromise in Iranian Nuclear Talks
Ahmadinejad Admits to Economic Pain
Iran tests suicide drones in ongoing military drill
Iran denies downing foreign drone
Iran claims it has captured a foreign ‘enemy drone’ during military exercise
Iran announces new uranium deposits discovery
Iran selects 16 new sites for nuclear plants
Iran sentences 4 to death in biggest bank fraud case
Envoy: Iran to continue talks with IAEA on nuclear program


Venezuela
Chavez warns that Africa and South America Must Unite or face Western Interventions
Indigenous Venezuelans Hold Ritual for Chavez
Colombian Rebels Call on Santos to Save Peace Talks
Villegas: Condition of cancer-stricken Chavez not "favorable"
Prosecutor Accuses Former Colombian Governor of 2000 Massacre
Bolivia's Morales says was unable to see Chavez in Venezuela
Questions about political succession whirl in Venezuela after Chavez comes home
Poll: Maduro would win vote if Chavez goes
Chávez's return is obstacle for Venezuela's embattled opposition
Bolivia's Morales arrives in Venezuela to visit President Chávez


Brazil
Falklands dispute: Argentina accuses UK of ‘defiance’ of anti-nuke treaty
Rousseff says extreme poverty almost eradicated
PM Medvedev begins visit to Brazil
Pro-Cuba Protesters Halt Dissident's Brazil Event
After Being Hounded by Protesters, Cuban Dissident Praises Brazil's Freedom of Expression
Brazil dockers end China ship protest; port strike threat
Argentina to renovate railways with Chinese trains in 2014
Union Leader Protests by Bringing Trucks to Argentine Labor Ministry
New tobacco law ignites controversy in Chile
Ex-leaders of German sect in Chile enter prison to begin sentences for sexual abuse of minors


Mexico
Official Accuses CIA of 'Managing' Not 'Fighting' the Drug Trade
Nieto Meets with San Antonio Mayor
Government Says Over 27,000 People Missing in Mexico
Mexico Slaughters Nearly 500,000 Birds Infected with Avian Flu
Guatemala Moves Up Ex-Dictator’s Genocide Trial
Police Chief in Mexican Border City on Nuevo Laredo Missing
Suspect in General’s Murder Arrives in Mexico
Mexican Police Detain 81 Migrants
Vigilantes reportedly release captives in southern Mexico

Castro successor lacks charisma but is experienced manager
Raúl Castro Says His New 5-Year Term as Cuba's President Will Be His Last
Fidel Castro makes surprise parliament appearance amid leadership speculation
Cuban parliament gathers, president to be selected
Esteban Lazo Elected New President of the Cuban Parliament
Haitians Rage as UN Rejects Payout for Cholera Victims
Yoani Sanchez May Be Top Dissident in Cuba, but She Agrees US Embargo Must Go
Medvedev Discusses Meteorite Strike with Fidel Castro
Raul Castro Mentions Possible Retirement


United Nations
UN Removes Osama bin Laden From Sanctions List
Tunisia Arrests Suspect in Killing That Sparked Unrest
African leaders sign DR Congo peace deal
At least 53 killed in rival Arab militia clashes in North Darfur
Tunisia's New Premier Promises Inclusive Government
US blocks UN resolution condemning Damascus terror bombings
Tunisia: Party Names Premier Candidate
Tunisian PM steps down after crisis prompted by political assassination
Unesco agrees 5.6 million-euro plan to save Mali's cultural treasures
 
 
Top World News Now                 
February 15, 2013
 

United States
Environmentalists Press Obama in Heated Oil Pipeline Debate
NRA exec accuses Obama of gun 'charade' at State of the Union
Kerry: Moves Against North Korea Would Scare Iran Off Nukes
Senate Republicans Block Hagel Nomination For Defense Secretary
Key US general backs keeping Afghan forces at peak strength
Missouri Democrats Introduce Legislation to Confiscate Firearms – Gives Gun Owners 90 Days to Turn in Weapons
Transocean to pay $400 million for 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill
High taxes force more Americans to renounce their citizenship
600 children living in Washington, DC homeless shelter
Conspiracy Theorists Leap at the Confusing Case of Dorner’s Multiple Wallets
Body in burned cabin ID'd as Christopher Dorner
Cruise ship nightmare nearing end for passengers after hellish trip
CDC Warns of Super-Gonorrhea
 
 

Russia
Russia activates ‘Operation Fortress’, 20,000 troops after air defense forces shoot down space object
Putin orders Russian security on high alert before Olympics
Putin Warns Foreign NGOs Against 'Meddling' In Russian Affairs
Putin Orders FSB to Set Up Anti-Hacker Defense
Putin: Russia will not tolerate foreign pressure
Foreign Ministry: Russia ‘Ready’ to Consider Further Nuclear Arms Cuts
Army Chief: Russia may be drawn into resource wars in future
Russian Army Commissions Bioengineered Liver for $17 Mln
Russia charges Georgian politician with plotting mass unrest
Constitutional Court: Authorities must not politically discriminate against protesters
Six Suspected Militants Killed in Dagestan Operation
Very strong earthquake in a sparsely populated Siberia area
Thousands of Russian convicts may go untracked if bracelet batteries die
 

China
Xi's Vows of Change in China Belie Private Warning
Xi Jinping Prepares to Deal With New 'Gang of Four'
Beijing ramps up propaganda war to bolster Diaoyus claim
China's environment unaffected by DPRK nuclear test so far
China's Netizens React Colorfully to N. Korean Nuke Test
Nuke test gives US excuse to boost its military
S. Korea stages large-scale drills following DPRK nuke test
South Korea flexes missile power after North test
The Real Japan-China Conflict
7 dead, 18 injured in China after man sets off bomb over child custody dispute
Depressing landmark reached, 100th Tibetan self-immolates
Tibetans commemorate centennial of 'Tibetan independence'
Clues to why most survived China's melamine scandal
 

Major warns Cameron's EU referendum is a 'gamble'
EU warns Tories that UK security opt-out 'doesn't make sense'
UK Military Flies Ghana Troops, Equipment to Mali
Britain warns of Syria jihadist threat to Europe
British MPs to receive on-the-job mental health aid
UK Lawmakers Say Credit Schemes Not Working
Another policeman held in UK graft probe
New SARS-like virus shows person-to-person transmission
Deaths, lies and the NHS: Shocking new healthcare scandals emerge in UK
UK Arrests Men in Horse-Meat Probe
Horsemeat: Bute Found In Carcasses In UK
UK soap opera star faces child sex charges
 
 

Europe Rejects Critics of 'Robin Hood' Tax
Austerity's children becoming Europe's "lost generation"
Economy in Europe Contracts More Than Expected
Pope rounds on rival cardinals and their 'sins against unity'
Man sets himself alight at Rome airport
Berlusconi defends need for bribery in winning contracts
Monte Paschi's former finance chief held in Italy
Italy unemployment crisis reaches alarming rate
Foreign investors set to sue Spain over energy reform
King Juan Carlos fights new pressures to abdicate
Greece: Alexis Tsipras raises the political stakes
Interior Ministry: Mafia plotting to crash Serbian Air Force One
 

Un-Natural Gas: Fracking Set to Shake Up German Campaign
Germany and Spain Move to Curb Green-Energy Supports
German airports security staff strike continues Friday
Germany to help Israelis stuck in unfriendly countries
Roma in Germany forced into abject poverty
Barbarians at the Gate
Reports Of 'Neo-Nazi' Guards At Amazon Warehouses In Germany Creates Fresh Scandal
Tempting PhDs lead politicians into plagiarism
Germany's Great Church Sell-Off
Swiss push reconciliation plan for Sri Lanka
Switzerland prepares to sit at G20 head table
Norway Ready to Use Rate Cuts to Cool Krone
 

Hollande Tiptoes Toward Raid on Pensions Under Pressure From EU
Hollande says France ok with India civil nuclear liability clause
Hollande in India to sell warplanes, nuclear power, metro construction
Tunisians denounce France interference
The European Slump: France Gives Up Lowering Its Budget Deficit
French Goodyear workers protest against closure of Amiens Nord plant
France moves step closer to legal euthanasia