Zimbabwe thrash 'pathetic' Lanka   
GALLE, June 30: Solomon Mire smashed his maiden one-day century today to take Zimbabwe to a historic six wicket win over Sri Lanka and pile pressure on the beleaguered Asian nation.
          Dilmah recibe el invierno con nuevo formato Lover of tea   

Para celebrar la llegada del invierno, Dilmah, marca que destaca por su pasión y compromiso por la calidad, presenta esta temporada su nuevo formato de 50 bolsas de los clásicos Earl Grey y English Breakfast, ideal para los “Lovers of Tea” que deseen disfrutar de sabores provenientes directamente de Sri Lanka.


RENDER-LATERAL-B.JPGQuienes deseen encantar los sentidos con todo el calor del té, Dilmah, ofrece este innovador producto junto a entretenidos mugs que con frases como “A quien madruga, una taza de té lo ayuda”, buscan ser un compañero perfecto para las tardes de invernales.  

El nuevo pack de 50 bolsas

(Leer más)
          Vespa and Aprilia Launch Scooters in Sri Lanka   
  Sri Lanka is all set to receive a taste of sporty convenience and a dash of Italian style. The Italian marque has launched their India-made line-up of scooters in the island country. The Vespa line-up is made of 125-cc and 150-cc scooters. The 125-cc engine produces 10.06 PS and a peak torque of 10.06 […]
          Australia wins, but was privileged to witness Atapattu's World Cup magic   

Chamari Atapattu's amazing century could not give Sri Lanka victory over Australia — but it will be remembered much longer than the result, writes Geoff Lemon.

          Women's World Cup: Australia wins despite Atapattu's big ton for Sri Lanka   

Sri Lanka's Chamari Atapattu hammers 178 off 143 balls, but it's not enough as Australia maintains its 100 per cent record at the Women's World Cup, thanks to a brilliant answering hundred from Meg Lanning.

          Plastic Headgear Market, Trends, Size and Forecasts   

Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, “Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries”

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/25/2014 -- Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, "Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries" which is a useful piece of information for the global players in the plastic headgear market. The report provides a comprehensive analysis on the market trends, size, forecast and growth of the overall plastic headgear market.

Browse complete report at:

Report provides the market share of plastic headgears in the overall global market and further segments the plastic headgear market on the basis of product. The product segment includes Safety headgear and other headgears of plastic.

Analysis in the report is based on 2006-2012 market data and the report forecasts the global market till the year 2017, which provides insightful market information for the investors, sales, marketing & product managers and analysts in an accessible and well presented format.

The report covers the following topics:

-Global Market size
-Market growth rate
-Market segmentation on the basis of products
-Growth rate of each product segment
-Market forecasts

See similar report: Spirit Markets in the Top 5 European Countries to 2018 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts

Report covers the following geographical regions:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam.

Contact Us:

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#205, Portland, OR 97220
United States

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For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/plastic-headgear-market-trends-size-and-forecasts-548993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Cathy Viber
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Cathy Viber
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

          Now, Windies Women beaten by India   

TAUNTON, England –

Once again, the Caribbean side struggled with both bat and ball to slump to second loss in four days and extend their losing streak on tour to seven straight including warm-up matches, leaving their campaign at the crossroads.

Sent in at County Ground, the Windies rallied to 183 for eight off their 50 overs with Hayley Matthews top-scoring with 43, Afy Fletcher hitting an invaluable unbeaten 36 and Shanel Daley, 33.

At one stage, they were slumping at 121 for seven in the 40th before Fletcher at number nine provided late resistance with bold striking.

India’s slow bowlers turned the screws on West Indies with off-spinners Deepti Sharma (2-27) and Harmanpreet Kaur (2-42), along with leg-spinner Poonam Yadav (2-19) all finishing with two wickets each.

In reply, India stormed to their target courtesy of a superb unbeaten hundred from left-handed opener Smriti Mandhana who ended on 106 not out, while captain Mitahli Raj chipped in with 46.

The Windies struck with the fifth ball of the innings when fast bowler Shamilia Connell had Punam Raut caught at the wicket of a top edge without a run on the board.

And when off-spinner Stafanie Taylor bowled Sharma for six at 33 for two in the eighth, the game became wide open as a contest.

But 20-year-old Mandhana carved out her second one-day hundred, hitting 13 fours and two sixes in a 108-ball knock, as she put on a match-winning 103 for the third wicket with Raj whose innings came from 88 deliveries and included three fours.

When Raj mis-hit a full toss from off-spinner Matthews to Fletcher at mid-off in the 34th over, Mandhana combined with Mona Meshram (18 not out) in an unbroken 45-run, fourth wicket stand which saw India to their second straight win.

They lie second on four points in the eight-team standings behind defending champions Australia Women who are also on four points, with West Indies languishing sixth without a point – along with Sri Lanka Women and Pakistan Women.

Hoping to turn the page on a tame batting effort in their opener against Australia last Monday, the Windies managed only more of the same.

Rookie Felicia Walters scratched around 27 balls for her nine before nicking a swish at a wide delivery from left-arm spinner Ekta Bisht and going caught behind at 29 for one in the seventh over.

Matthews, who looked in fine touch, then dominated a 40-run second wicket stand with captain Taylor who made 16, as West Indies eased to 69 without further loss.

The right-handed Matthews struck seven delightful boundaries on both sides of the wicket in an attractive 57-ball innings before perishing in the 19th over to a tame return catch off Sharma.

With her gone, West Indies lost their way as five wickets crashed for just 22 runs. Taylor and Deandra Dottin (7), both appearing in their landmark 100th ODI, never looked the part and each soaked up a plethora of deliveries without hitting a single boundary.

Taylor faced 42 balls before going run out by Mandhana’s direct hit at the non-striker’s end in the 21st at 70 for three and Dottin laboured for 48 deliveries before picking out long-on with Yadav in the 34th over, with her first shot in anger at 91 for five.

In between, Merissa Aguilleira missed a charge at Yadav and was smartly stumped for six at 80 for four in the 28th over. When Kaur removed both Kyshona Knight (5) and Chedean Nation (12), the Windies were in strife at 121 for seven but Daley and then Fletcher arrived to rescue the innings.

The left-handed Daley struck five fours off 37 balls while the brave Fletcher faced just 23 deliveries and cracked five fours – three of which came in the final over off Kaur which leaked 18 runs.

West Indies have little time to turn their form around as they take on South Africa in Leicester on Sunday. (CMC)

           Sri Lanka's top court dismisses case against Chinese industrial zone deal    
By Shihar AneezCOLOMBO, June 30 (Reuters) - Sri Lanka's Supreme Court on Friday dismissed a case against letting a Chinese company lease land in southern...
           Zimbabwe stuns Sri Lanka with 6-wicket win in 1st ODI    
GALLE, Sri Lanka (AP) - Zimbabwe stunned Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka for the first time with a six-wicket win in the opener of a five-match one-day international...
           Zimbabwe coast past Sri Lanka to win 1st ODI    
Solomon Mire smashed his maiden one-day century on Friday to take Zimbabwe to a historic six-wicket win over Sri Lanka and pile pressure on the beleaguered...
           Cricket-One Day International Sri Lanka v Zimbabwe scoreboard    
June 30 (Gracenote) - Scoreboard at close of play in the first One Day International between Sri Lanka and Zimbabwe on Friday in Galle, Sri Lanka Sri Lanka...
          Editorial Comment: A good day for Zimbabwe sport   
YESTERDAY was a very good day for Zimbabwean sport with the national cricket team breaking records to beat Sri Lanka in an ODI in Galle while the Warriors hammered Seychelles to qualify for the knock-out phase of the COSAFA Castle Cup in South Africa. We join the rest of the nation in celebrating the victories...
          Comment on Zimbabwe stuns Sri Lanka with 6-wicket win in 1st ODI by Flash Gordon   
Lets keep up the momentum
          England Women vs Sri Lanka Women, 9th Match   
England Women will take on Sri Lanka Women in 9th Match of Women’s World Cup 2017 on Sunday (02 July) at The Cooper Associates County Ground, Taunton. Fixture: England Women vs Sri Lanka Women, 9th Match/ ENGW vs SLW Time/Date:...
          Sri Lanka vs Zimbabwe, 2nd ODI   
Sri Lanka will take on Zimbabwe in 2nd ODI of Zimbabwe tour of Sri Lanka, 2017 on Sunday (02 July) at Galle International Stadium, Galle. Fixture: Sri Lanka vs Zimbabwe, 2nd ODI/ SL vs ZIM Time/Date: 04:30 AM GMT/ 10:00...
          කැරලි මර්දන ඒකකයේ ආරක්ෂාව යටතේ දැඩි ජනතා විරෝධය නොතකා කොළඹ කුණු මුතුරාජවෙලට   

muthurajawelaකැරලි මර්දන ඒකකයේ ආරක්ෂාව යටතේ දැඩි ජනතා විරෝධය නොතකා කොළඹ එක් රැස්  වන කුණු කසල මුතුරාජවෙල තෙත් බිමට බැහැර කිරීම

The post කැරලි මර්දන ඒකකයේ ආරක්ෂාව යටතේ දැඩි ජනතා විරෝධය නොතකා කොළඹ කුණු මුතුරාජවෙලට appeared first on Lanka News Line Is The Web Site That Has News For The Sinhala And English Sri Lanka News Surfers On Politics, Gossip And Anything News Worthy..

          ඩෙංගු මරණ වලින් රටේ සංවර්ධනය මනින සෞඛ්‍ය ඇමති   

Jayantha-Samaraweera“සංවර්ධනය වැඩි වෙනකොට ඩෙංගු වැඩිවෙනවා කියලා සෞඛ්‍ය ඇමති කියනවා. එහෙම නම් ලෝකයේ සංවර්ධිත රටවල් වල රෝහල් ඩෙංගු හැදුනු මිනිස්සුන්ගෙන් පිරිලා යන්න

The post ඩෙංගු මරණ වලින් රටේ සංවර්ධනය මනින සෞඛ්‍ය ඇමති appeared first on Lanka News Line Is The Web Site That Has News For The Sinhala And English Sri Lanka News Surfers On Politics, Gossip And Anything News Worthy..

          උතුරු පළාත් සභාවට නව ඇමතිවරු දෙදෙනෙක්   

north provincial councilඋතුරු පළාත් අධ්‍යාපන අමාත්‍ය ධුරය සහ පළාත් කෘෂිකර්ම අමාත්‍ය ධුරය සඳහා නව අමාත්‍යවරුන් දෙදෙනෙකු අද (29) දිවුරුම් දීමට නියමිතව තිබෙනවා.

The post උතුරු පළාත් සභාවට නව ඇමතිවරු දෙදෙනෙක් appeared first on Lanka News Line Is The Web Site That Has News For The Sinhala And English Sri Lanka News Surfers On Politics, Gossip And Anything News Worthy..

          ඇපල් පෙති 300ක් හා කේරළ ගංජා කිලෝ ග‍්‍රෑම් 3 ක් සමඟ සැකකරුවන් 6 ක් අත්අඩංගුවට   

lockupඇපල් පෙති 300ක් හා කේරළ ගංජා කිලෝ ග‍්‍රෑම් 3යි ග‍්‍රෑම් 250ක් සමග සැකකරුවන් 6 දෙනෙකු  බියගම දී අත්අඩංගුවට ගෙන තිබෙනවා.

The post ඇපල් පෙති 300ක් හා කේරළ ගංජා කිලෝ ග‍්‍රෑම් 3 ක් සමඟ සැකකරුවන් 6 ක් අත්අඩංගුවට appeared first on Lanka News Line Is The Web Site That Has News For The Sinhala And English Sri Lanka News Surfers On Politics, Gossip And Anything News Worthy..

          Turning the U.S.-India Alignment into an Alliance   

"Our robust strategic partnership is such that it touches upon almost all areas of human endeavor....We consider the USA as our primary partner for India's social and economic transformation in all our flagship programs and schemes," proclaimed Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on June 26. The venue was the joint press conference with President Donald Trump following their lengthy meeting at the White House. This is a sentiment that America must strengthen and build upon to contain the expanding ambitions of China.

Of course, diplomatic niceties prevented any actual public mention of the Communist regime as a common threat to the world's two largest democracies. Nor was China's ally Pakistan mentioned, even as the two leaders talked about defeating terrorism in the region. President Trump noted "Both our nations have been struck by the evils of terrorism, and we are both determined to destroy terrorist organizations and the radical ideology that drives them. We will destroy radical Islamic terrorism." In the case of India, terrorism has been linked directly to Pakistan which has been supporting an insurgency in Kashmir ever since that Muslim province was incorporated into India when the British Raj was partitioned in 1947.

Pakistan was founded as an Islamic state with the mission to unite all Muslims in the region. India was founded on a more tolerant, multicultural democratic standard and counts 175 million Muslims among its 1.3 billion citizens. In must be remembered that it was Pakistan that blocked a UN plebiscite on Kashmir's fate because it feared too many Muslims would vote to live in the more attractive society of India than in a militant regime. Pakistan failed in its bid to seize control of Kashmir but has continued to stir up jihadist movements in the province. Vice President Mike Pence, speaking to the U.S.-India Business Council on June 27, mentioned how "barbarians have struck on Indian soil too many times over the decades, including the horrific attacks in Mumbai nearly a decade ago, claiming the lives of more than 160 innocents, including six Americans." That attack was traced to Pakistan. Hours before Modi's arrival, the State Department imposed sanctions on Syed Salahuddin, the Pakistan-based leader of Hizbul Mujahideen, the main Kashmir terrorist group.

PM Modi stated, "Fighting terrorism and doing away with the safe shelters, sanctuaries, and safe havens will be an important part of our cooperation," clearly with Pakistan in mind; not only regarding Kashmir, but also Afghanistan. The U.S. and its coalition (which includes India, for whose contributions President Trump thanked Modi) cannot end the war in Afghanistan as long as the Taliban (and now ISIS) can lick their wounds and rebuild their forces in Pakistan; free to cross the border at times of their own choosing. 

The threat from China was alluded to when President Trump mentioned how Indian forces "will join together with the Japanese navy to take part in the largest maritime exercise ever conducted in the vast Indian Ocean." What links Japan and India is concern over Beijing's expansion across the Pacific Rim and into the Indian Ocean. Beijing's ambitious "Belt and Road" development initiative which is designed to impose a "common destiny" on Eurasia is opposed by both India and Japan. The Chinese plan will build on programs hat have already been underway in Pakistan and Sri Lanka, posing direct threats to Indian security.

The U.S. and Japan can and must counter the Chinese initiative by increasing their role in developing the Indian economy, which can truly be a "win-win" relationship. China's rise has been fueled by short-sighted American business firms willfully ignorant of the true nature of the Beijing regime. They have transferred technology and production capacity to a strategic rival of their home country. The pursuit of private profit without adequate supervision by a Washington establishment blinded by naive liberal hopes and corrupted by corporate cash has helped to create a threat Americans will have to face for decades to come. It would be a much better world if all the Western capital sent to China had gone to India instead. Trade is properly conducted among friends, not adversaries where the "gains from trade" are used to create menacing capabilities.

With the world's largest population, India presents a massive market for American goods of all kinds. President Trump, however, concentrated his remarks on energy and security. We are "looking forward to exporting more American energy to India as your economy grows, including major long-term contracts to purchase American natural gas." To the extent that imported gas replaces Indian coal, it will help New Delhi clean up the air pollution that makes its cities look as bad at those in China. VP Pence added nuclear power and clean coal to the list of energy sources the U.S. could help New Delhi develop. President Barack Obama had carried his "war on coal" overseas with a ban on any U.S. aid to the Indian coal industry. But India is not going to abandon its massive coal reserves; their use can, however, be improved.   

Modernizing India's military is central to the strategic alignment. VP Pence mentioned to the USIBC that "the United States will sell Sea Guardian UAVs, Apache attack helicopters, and C-17 transports to India." A larger program on the table is the sale of 126 fighter jets to India. The Lockheed F-16 "Viper" is the leading candidate, but the Saab JAS-39 "Gripen" is also in the running, though a strategic link to Sweden makes little sense in an Asian setting. India, however, is moving from being a consumer of military hardware to a producer, as any Great Power must do. Modi has a "make it in India" policy and Lockheed is willing to set up an F-16 production line there. The question is whether this will be considered "outsourcing" by the Trump administration. It should not be as long as the production is for Indian service and does not replace jobs in U.S. industry supplying the Pentagon. The F-16 is long out of production for the USAF. The new F-35 "Lightning II" is coming into service (also built by Lockheed).

Indian production should be seen as "market extension" which will create additional work for American factories and maintenance services, not only for this order of warplanes but for future orders of military equipment of many kinds as the strategic relationship deepens. It should be noted that the first European production line for the F-16 opened in 1978; so India is not asking for anything novel.

The need to offer "co-production" to win military contracts is a subject not often discussed in public debates over arms sales, but it is a part of many transactions. Offset arrangements can also involve local purchasing, subcontracting, investment, and technology-transfer requirements on U.S. exporters that benefit foreign firms in the purchasing country. The U.S. defense industry is the world's leader, but its comparative advantage does not yield the full returns economic textbooks promise because of real world practices like offsets. These are negotiated between foreign governments and corporations in virtually every deal. The state authorities have the greater leverage, as it is generally a buyer's market; but strategic considerations also play their part. Our officials must keep a close eye on such deals to keep a proper balance between risks and rewards to the U.S. defense industrial base.

India's offset requirements have been at the low end of the international scale. Caught between two allied nuclear powers, China and Pakistan, New Delhi needs to modernize its forces; but it also needs a domestic industrial infrastructure to support its armed services. This is why offsets, though generally banned in the commercial sector under the World Trade Organization, are allowed for national security reasons. What is truly important cannot be left to the "invisible hand"--- which means the hands of others.

President Trump and Prime Minister Modi are both nationalists in a dangerous world. As Modi put it, "I am sure that the convergence between my vision for a 'new India' and President Trump's vision for 'making America great again' will add new dimensions to our cooperation." Let us work to make it so in a positive way.

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          Comment on Cute Sri Lankan Girlfriend’s Fantastic boobs and pink inner vagina photos leaked (27pix) by Anonymous   
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          Sri Lanka: When the whole world isn't watching   
Joel Charny
Reuters AlertNet
28 Jan 09

One of the harsh realities of the humanitarian field is that some crises capture public attention, while others do not. The patterns are rather rigid. Crises in Europe and the Middle East, especially Palestine, make headlines. Large-scale natural disasters, even in obscure places, attract interest due to the inherent human fascination with immense forces beyond our control. But crises due to “complex” political conflicts outside the zones of proven public engagement are doomed to obscurity, unless it rises to such a level that “genocide” (read “another Holocaust”) can be invoked.

The contrast between Gaza and Sri Lanka prompts these observations. In Gaza, despite restrictions on international humanitarian and media access imposed by the Israelis, the whole world was watching, counting the civilian casualties minute-by-minute, while the global debate swirled on the legitimacy of Israeli and Hamas conduct in the light of international humanitarian law. The conflict and the suffering that it engendered were daily front page news. Now, with at least a temporary halt in hostilities, assessments of the damage in Gaza will proceed and donors will pledge millions of dollars for the rebuilding process.

While Gaza was the world’s focus, a conflict that raises similar issues and challenges was proceeding in the Vanni region in the north of Sri Lanka. There, the Sri Lankan military is trying to deal the final death blow to the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, the guerilla movement that has been fighting for an independent state for the country’s Tamil minority in the northern part of the island. As in Gaza, civilians are trapped. Approximately 250,000 people are caught in the conflict zone, people who have already been displaced numerous times and have suffered from the perpetual difficulty of sustaining humanitarian assistance as the 25-year civil war has dragged on.

As in Gaza, the conduct of both sides has been problematic from the perspective of international humanitarian law and human rights. The Tigers are preventing people, including the local staff of UN agencies and their families, from fleeing the conflict zone. The Sri Lankan army is using heavy weaponry to shell areas where civilians are present. An attempt by the Sri Lankan army to set up a safe zone outside its area of operations foundered in the past few days, with dozens of civilians killed amid mutual recriminations by the combatants. Fewer than 5,000 Tamil civilians have managed to escape the Vanni. They are being held in government-run fenced camps in districts bordering the conflict zone with their freedom of movement restricted, even though they are Sri Lankan citizens.

The Sri Lankan government insisted that international staff of humanitarian agencies leave the Vanni in September 2008, and the conflict has drastically reduced the scale of humanitarian operations. There are few independent witnesses of the consequences of the war and the needs of the civilian population. Those present are afraid to speak out for fear of retaliation by one of the parties. The lack of information makes it even more difficult for the world to focus on the conflict, exactly what the government and the Tigers want. They both prefer to act with impunity, while using the atrocities of the other side to score propaganda points within the narrow confines of the national press and the global Tamil solidarity network.

In short, 50% of the civilian population of the Vanni is displaced; humanitarian assistance is sporadic at best; 250,000 civilians are trapped in a conflict zone, and at least 100 have been killed since January 1st; international access is virtually nil. And while on January 26th the Secretary-General was finally moved to issue a statement pleading for respect for international humanitarian law, the world couldn’t be bothered. As of January 27th, not even Relief Web was listing Sri Lanka as an on-going crisis on its home page. The dying and wounded in Sri Lanka won’t have names or faces.

Bemoaning this neglect won’t change it. The blatant disparities in international attention are just part of “the cost of doing business” in the humanitarian field.

To Sri Lankans crying out for solidarity and assistance, there is little to say. The challenge of addressing their needs falls primarily to local organizations with the courage to defy the conflicting parties, while international organizations, with the exception of the International Committee of the Red Cross, are consigned to the sidelines.

Joel R. Charny is vice president for policy with Refugees International, a Washington-based humanitarian advocacy organisation. He has extensive experience in Asia for RI, Oxfam America and the U.N. Development Programme. He has managed and assessed emergency response and post-conflict recovery programmes in Cambodia, Sri Lanka and Indonesia.
          And Then They Came For Me - Lasantha Wickrematunge's last editorial before being assassinated   
Lasantha Wickrematunge was the Editor of Sri Lanka's The Sunday Leader. He was assassinated a few days ago.

This is an Editorial he wrote before he was gunned down,
And Then They Came For Me
Lasantha Wickrematunge
Editorial, The Sunday Leader
Published 11 Jan 2009

No other profession calls on its practitioners to lay down their lives for their art save the armed forces and, in Sri Lanka, journalism. In the course of the past few years, the independent media have increasingly come under attack. Electronic and print-media institutions have been burnt, bombed, sealed and coerced. Countless journalists have been harassed, threatened and killed. It has been my honour to belong to all those categories and now especially the last.

I have been in the business of journalism a good long time. Indeed, 2009 will be The Sunday Leader's 15th year. Many things have changed in Sri Lanka during that time, and it does not need me to tell you that the greater part of that change has been for the worse. We find ourselves in the midst of a civil war ruthlessly prosecuted by protagonists whose bloodlust knows no bounds. Terror, whether perpetrated by terrorists or the state, has become the order of the day. Indeed, murder has become the primary tool whereby the state seeks to control the organs of liberty. Today it is the journalists, tomorrow it will be the judges. For neither group have the risks ever been higher or the stakes lower.

Why then do we do it? I often wonder that. After all, I too am a husband, and the father of three wonderful children. I too have responsibilities and obligations that transcend my profession, be it the law or journalism. Is it worth the risk? Many people tell me it is not. Friends tell me to revert to the bar, and goodness knows it offers a better and safer livelihood. Others, including political leaders on both sides, have at various times sought to induce me to take to politics, going so far as to offer me ministries of my choice. Diplomats, recognising the risk journalists face in Sri Lanka, have offered me safe passage and the right of residence in their countries. Whatever else I may have been stuck for, I have not been stuck for choice.

But there is a calling that is yet above high office, fame, lucre and security. It is the call of conscience.

The Sunday Leader has been a controversial newspaper because we say it like we see it: whether it be a spade, a thief or a murderer, we call it by that name. We do not hide behind euphemism. The investigative articles we print are supported by documentary evidence thanks to the public-spiritedness of citizens who at great risk to themselves pass on this material to us. We have exposed scandal after scandal, and never once in these 15 years has anyone proved us wrong or successfully prosecuted us.

The free media serve as a mirror in which the public can see itself sans mascara and styling gel. From us you learn the state of your nation, and especially its management by the people you elected to give your children a better future. Sometimes the image you see in that mirror is not a pleasant one. But while you may grumble in the privacy of your armchair, the journalists who hold the mirror up to you do so publicly and at great risk to themselves. That is our calling, and we do not shirk it.

Every newspaper has its angle, and we do not hide the fact that we have ours. Our commitment is to see Sri Lanka as a transparent, secular, liberal democracy. Think about those words, for they each has profound meaning. Transparent because government must be openly accountable to the people and never abuse their trust. Secular because in a multi-ethnic and multi-cultural society such as ours, secularism offers the only common ground by which we might all be united. Liberal because we recognise that all human beings are created different, and we need to accept others for what they are and not what we would like them to be. And democratic... well, if you need me to explain why that is important, you'd best stop buying this paper.

The Sunday Leader has never sought safety by unquestioningly articulating the majority view. Let's face it, that is the way to sell newspapers. On the contrary, as our opinion pieces over the years amply demonstrate, we often voice ideas that many people find distasteful. For example, we have consistently espoused the view that while separatist terrorism must be eradicated, it is more important to address the root causes of terrorism, and urged government to view Sri Lanka's ethnic strife in the context of history and not through the telescope of terrorism. We have also agitated against state terrorism in the so-called war against terror, and made no secret of our horror that Sri Lanka is the only country in the world routinely to bomb its own citizens. For these views we have been labelled traitors, and if this be treachery, we wear that label proudly.

Many people suspect that The Sunday Leader has a political agenda: it does not. If we appear more critical of the government than of the opposition it is only because we believe that - pray excuse cricketing argot - there is no point in bowling to the fielding side. Remember that for the few years of our existence in which the UNP was in office, we proved to be the biggest thorn in its flesh, exposing excess and corruption wherever it occurred. Indeed, the steady stream of embarrassing expos‚s we published may well have served to precipitate the downfall of that government.

Neither should our distaste for the war be interpreted to mean that we support the Tigers. The LTTE are among the most ruthless and bloodthirsty organisations ever to have infested the planet. There is no gainsaying that it must be eradicated. But to do so by violating the rights of Tamil citizens, bombing and shooting them mercilessly, is not only wrong but shames the Sinhalese, whose claim to be custodians of the dhamma is forever called into question by this savagery, much of which is unknown to the public because of censorship.

What is more, a military occupation of the country's north and east will require the Tamil people of those regions to live eternally as second-class citizens, deprived of all self respect. Do not imagine that you can placate them by showering "development" and "reconstruction" on them in the post-war era. The wounds of war will scar them forever, and you will also have an even more bitter and hateful Diaspora to contend with. A problem amenable to a political solution will thus become a festering wound that will yield strife for all eternity. If I seem angry and frustrated, it is only because most of my countrymen - and all of the government - cannot see this writing so plainly on the wall.

It is well known that I was on two occasions brutally assaulted, while on another my house was sprayed with machine-gun fire. Despite the government's sanctimonious assurances, there was never a serious police inquiry into the perpetrators of these attacks, and the attackers were never apprehended. In all these cases, I have reason to believe the attacks were inspired by the government. When finally I am killed, it will be the government that kills me.

The irony in this is that, unknown to most of the public, Mahinda and I have been friends for more than a quarter century. Indeed, I suspect that I am one of the few people remaining who routinely addresses him by his first name and uses the familiar Sinhala address oya when talking to him. Although I do not attend the meetings he periodically holds for newspaper editors, hardly a month passes when we do not meet, privately or with a few close friends present, late at night at President's House. There we swap yarns, discuss politics and joke about the good old days. A few remarks to him would therefore be in order here.

Mahinda, when you finally fought your way to the SLFP presidential nomination in 2005, nowhere were you welcomed more warmly than in this column. Indeed, we broke with a decade of tradition by referring to you throughout by your first name. So well known were your commitments to human rights and liberal values that we ushered you in like a breath of fresh air. Then, through an act of folly, you got yourself involved in the Helping Hambantota scandal. It was after a lot of soul-searching that we broke the story, at the same time urging you to return the money. By the time you did so several weeks later, a great blow had been struck to your reputation. It is one you are still trying to live down.

You have told me yourself that you were not greedy for the presidency. You did not have to hanker after it: it fell into your lap. You have told me that your sons are your greatest joy, and that you love spending time with them, leaving your brothers to operate the machinery of state. Now, it is clear to all who will see that that machinery has operated so well that my sons and daughter do not themselves have a father.

In the wake of my death I know you will make all the usual sanctimonious noises and call upon the police to hold a swift and thorough inquiry. But like all the inquiries you have ordered in the past, nothing will come of this one, too. For truth be told, we both know who will be behind my death, but dare not call his name. Not just my life, but yours too, depends on it.

Sadly, for all the dreams you had for our country in your younger days, in just three years you have reduced it to rubble. In the name of patriotism you have trampled on human rights, nurtured unbridled corruption and squandered public money like no other President before you. Indeed, your conduct has been like a small child suddenly let loose in a toyshop. That analogy is perhaps inapt because no child could have caused so much blood to be spilled on this land as you have, or trampled on the rights of its citizens as you do. Although you are now so drunk with power that you cannot see it, you will come to regret your sons having so rich an inheritance of blood. It can only bring tragedy. As for me, it is with a clear conscience that I go to meet my Maker. I wish, when your time finally comes, you could do the same. I wish.

As for me, I have the satisfaction of knowing that I walked tall and bowed to no man. And I have not travelled this journey alone. Fellow journalists in other branches of the media walked with me: most of them are now dead, imprisoned without trial or exiled in far-off lands. Others walk in the shadow of death that your Presidency has cast on the freedoms for which you once fought so hard. You will never be allowed to forget that my death took place under your watch. As anguished as I know you will be, I also know that you will have no choice but to protect my killers: you will see to it that the guilty one is never convicted. You have no choice. I feel sorry for you, and Shiranthi will have a long time to spend on her knees when next she goes for Confession for it is not just her owns sins which she must confess, but those of her extended family that keeps you in office.

As for the readers of The Sunday Leader, what can I say but Thank You for supporting our mission. We have espoused unpopular causes, stood up for those too feeble to stand up for themselves, locked horns with the high and mighty so swollen with power that they have forgotten their roots, exposed corruption and the waste of your hard-earned tax rupees, and made sure that whatever the propaganda of the day, you were allowed to hear a contrary view. For this I - and my family - have now paid the price that I have long known I will one day have to pay. I am - and have always been - ready for that. I have done nothing to prevent this outcome: no security, no precautions. I want my murderer to know that I am not a coward like he is, hiding behind human shields while condemning thousands of innocents to death. What am I among so many? It has long been written that my life would be taken, and by whom. All that remains to be written is when.

That The Sunday Leader will continue fighting the good fight, too, is written. For I did not fight this fight alone. Many more of us have to be - and will be - killed before The Leader is laid to rest. I hope my assassination will be seen not as a defeat of freedom but an inspiration for those who survive to step up their efforts. Indeed, I hope that it will help galvanise forces that will usher in a new era of human liberty in our beloved motherland. I also hope it will open the eyes of your President to the fact that however many are slaughtered in the name of patriotism, the human spirit will endure and flourish. Not all the Rajapakses combined can kill that.

People often ask me why I take such risks and tell me it is a matter of time before I am bumped off. Of course I know that: it is inevitable. But if we do not speak out now, there will be no one left to speak for those who cannot, whether they be ethnic minorities, the disadvantaged or the persecuted. An example that has inspired me throughout my career in journalism has been that of the German theologian, Martin Niem”ller. In his youth he was an anti-Semite and an admirer of Hitler. As Nazism took hold in Germany, however, he saw Nazism for what it was: it was not just the Jews Hitler sought to extirpate, it was just about anyone with an alternate point of view. Niem”ller spoke out, and for his trouble was incarcerated in the Sachsenhausen and Dachau concentration camps from 1937 to 1945, and very nearly executed. While incarcerated, Niem”ller wrote a poem that, from the first time I read it in my teenage years, stuck hauntingly in my mind:

First they came for the Jews

and I did not speak out because I was not a Jew.

Then they came for the Communists

and I did not speak out because I was not a Communist.

Then they came for the trade unionists

and I did not speak out because I was not a trade unionist.

Then they came for me

and there was no one left to speak out for me.

If you remember nothing else, remember this: The Leader is there for you, be you Sinhalese, Tamil, Muslim, low-caste, homosexual, dissident or disabled. Its staff will fight on, unbowed and unafraid, with the courage to which you have become accustomed. Do not take that commitment for granted. Let there be no doubt that whatever sacrifices we journalists make, they are not made for our own glory or enrichment: they are made for you. Whether you deserve their sacrifice is another matter. As for me, God knows I tried.

          Men caught smuggling monkeys in their underwear   
It was the bulge in the men’s underwear that gave them away. Security guards at Delhi’s airport in India discovered that two men had hidden tiny primates in their underwear and were apparently trying to smuggle them aboard a flight to Dubai, the BBC reports. The primates are loris, natives of India and Sri Lanka.
           Con đường đưa Venezuela tới thảm họa được rắc đầy tiền của Trung Quốc   

Christopher Balding

Phạm Nguyên Trường dịch

Các khoản tiền vay bị chính trị hóa đã làm cho đất nước xã hội chủ nghĩa Nam Mỹ này mắc kẹt dưới những khoản nợ cao như núi của Trung Quốc - nhưng bây giờ một số người lại muốn đăng ký xin được Bắc Kinh “ra tay tế độ”.

Người dân đất nước XHCN Venezuela do lãnh tụ Hugo Chaves sáng lập và lãnh đạo

Nền kinh tế Venezuela và Trung Quốc dường như chẳng có gì chung. Chính phủ Nicolás Maduro đã cướp bóc công ty dầu khí Petróleos de Venezuela (PDVSA) để chi trả cho cuộc “cách mạng Bolivari”, phong trào xã hội chủ nghĩa được khởi động dưới thời Hugo Chávez. Khi giá dầu giảm, nước này thậm chí không thể tiến hành sửa chữa các giàn khoan hay trả lương cho người lao động để tiếp tục có thu nhập, và chính phủ hiện đang đối mặt với cuộc nổi dậy của quần chúng. Trong khi đó, cách nửa vòng trái đất, các trung tâm mua sắm của Trung Quốc sáng rực ánh đèn, trái ngược hẳn với những quầy hàng trống rỗng của Venezuela.

Nhưng, tình trạng đổ nát của Venezuela liên quan nhiều tới Trung Quốc hơn là người ta có thể nghĩ – đặc biệt là với kế hoạch khuếch trương ảnh hưởng trên toàn cầu của Trung Quốc thông qua nền ngoại giao tài chính của Chủ tịch Trung Quốc, Tập Cận Bình. Sự sụp đổ của Venezuela là bài học thực tế về giá quá đắt của hoạch đó mà các đối tác của Trung Quốc – cũng như chính Trung Quốc cần phải học.

Trong vài năm, sau khi Chavez nắm được quyền lực vào năm 1999, Trung Quốc - coi nhà lãnh đạo mới là này đồng minh về ý thức hệ - bắt đầu cho Venezuela vay nhiều hơn. Đến năm 2006, các khoản nợ của chế độ Chavez đã làm người ta lo ngại – Chủ tịch Ngân hàng Thế giới, Paul Wolfowitz, khi nói đến Venezuela, đã nhận xét rằng “có nguy cơ thực sự khi chứng kiến các quốc gia được hưởng lợi từ việc cắt giảm nợ lại bị nợ thêm một lần nữa”.

Về mặt chính thức, những món tiền vay từ Bắc Kinh không kèm theo những điều kiện phi tài chính. Thực tế tế nhị hơn. Không ai nghi ngờ việc Bắc Kinh ít quan tâm tới những thứ như nhân quyền, bảo vệ môi trường và chống tham nhũng khi họ làm việc ở nước ngoài. Cho đến thời gian gần đây, thậm chí việc đưa cờ tới vị trí có giá trị địa chính trị cũng không phải là vấn đề quan trọng đối với các nhà kỹ trị Trung Quốc.

Nhưng người ta tập trung chú ý vào lợi ích của Trung Quốc. Từ năm 2.000, động cơ thúc đẩy các khoản đầu tư và cho vay của Trung Quốc đã là mở ra những thị trường xuất khẩu mới và đảm bảo việc tiếp cận với các nguồn tài nguyên thiên nhiên. Lợi ích của Trung Quốc trong việc lôi kéo bạn bè ở Tây bán cầu trong khi vẫn đảm bảo được việc tiếp cận với nguồn dầu khí trùng hợp với sự quan tâm của Venezuela đối với việc đa dạng hóa khách hàng, chứ không chỉ tập trung vào Mỹ như trước. Nhưng quyền lợi trùng hợp không có nghĩa là Trung Quốc giảm một phần lãi suất cho vay. Trung Quốc cho Venezuela với giá cắt cổ. Hiện nay, Trung Quốc không chịu đàm phán lại những khoản nợ đó, ngay cả khi nền kinh tế và ngành dầu khí của quốc gia Nam Mỹ này đã sụp đổ.

Nguyễn Minh Triết và Hugo Chavez

Từ năm 2007 đến năm 2014, Trung Quốc cho Venezuela vay 63 tỷ USD - 53% tất cả các khoản vay mà Bắc Kinh dành cho khu vực Mỹ Latin trong giai đọan này. Sự hào phóng đi kèm theo một cái bẫy; để đảm bảo việc trả nợ, Bắc Kinh khăng khăng đòi trả bằng dầu hỏa. Hầu hết các khoản vay được thỏa thuận khi giá dầu ở mức hơn 100 USD/thùng, như đã từng xảy ra trong giai đọan 2007 - 2014, và dường như cả hai bên đều được lợi. Tuy nhiên, tháng 1 năm 2016, giá dầu giảm xuống còn 30 USD/thùng, làm cho khoản nợ của Venezuela trở thành quá lớn. Để trả nợ cho Bắc Kinh, nếu theo thỏa thuận truớc đây, Venezuela phải chuyển một thùng thì nay phải chuyển hai thùng.

Nếu Venezuela sụp đổ và Maduro ra đi không kèn không trống thì Trung Quốc sẽ gặp rủi ro lớn về ngoại giao và tài chính. Các nhà chính trị đối lập nhận thức rõ rằng Trung Quốc đang chống lưng cho chế độ Maduro. Chính phủ Venezuela mới có thể từ chối thẳng thừng việc thực hiện nghĩa vụ do chế độ Maduro để lại và quay sang Washington để tìm sự giúp đỡ. Điều đó có thể làm cho Trung Quốc lúng túng, cả về kinh tế lẫn chính trị. Trong quá khứ, Trung Quốc từng ủng hộ mạnh mẽ quyền không trả nợ - nếu đấy là nợ các nước phương Tây.

Nhưng việc Venezuela vỡ nợ có thể gây ra những hậu quả không chỉ đối với Caracas và Bắc Kinh. Là một phần của sáng kiến Một Vành Đai, Một Con Đường (BRI), Trung Quốc đang có kế hoạch mở rộng cách làm với Venezuela sang nhiều nước trên thế giới. Lợi dụng sức mạnh tài chính và chuyên môn trong việc xây dựng cơ sở hạ tầng, Trung Quốc đã nhìn thấy cơ hội để đẩy mạnh ảnh hưởng, lôi kéo bạn bè và đồng thời vẫn bảo vệ được tài sản.

Việc Mỹ, dưới thời Donald Trump, rút khỏi vai trò lãnh đạo lịch sử đã tạo điều kiện cho Trung Quốc trong việc thúc đẩy tầm nhìn địa chiến lược vĩ đại này, đặc biệt là sau khi chính quyền Barack Obama không theo đuổi đến cùng việc “xoay trục sang châu Á”. Nhiều nước châu Á đang nói thầm, và một số nói công khai, về việc muốn Mỹ can dự nhiều hơn vào khu vực này chứ không lặng lẽ đầu hàng trước ưu thế của Bắc Kinh. Nhưng nếu phải lựa chọn là thỏa thuận đầy rủi ro với Bắc Kinh hay không có thỏa thuận nào với phương Tây, nhiều người đã cho thấy rằng họ sẽ chọn Bắc Kinh.

Venezuela sụp đổ là do chế độ độc tài xấu xa thi hành những chính sách kinh tế đầy tai họa, lại được mạnh thường trợ giúp bằng những khỏan tín dụng gần như vô giới hạn. Hỗn hợp độc hại này cũng hiện diện tại nhiều quốc gia đang nhận những khoản vay lớn của qua dự án Một Vành Đai, Một Con Đường (BRI) của Trung Quốc. Lo lắng về sự trì trệ của nền kinh tế, các nhà độc tài trên khắp thế giới tìm cách thúc đẩy tăng trưởng bằng những khoản vay của Trung Quốc nhằm tài trợ cho các dự án tốn kém nhưng không có hiệu quả, bất chấp những hậu quả trong dài hạn.

Trong khi Trung Quốc có thể khẳng định rằng các quyết định đầu tư của họ là hòan tòan mang tính thương mại, thì lịch sử của nước này với Venezuela lại khẳng định ngược lại. Điều đó đã được xác nhận bởi những vấn đề xuất hiện trong các dự án liên quan đến BRI. Trong khoảng thời gian ngắn, từ năm 2016, chúng ta đã chứng kiến những vấn đề nợ nần lớn từ các dự án xây dựng cơ sở hạ tầng của Trung Quốc ở Sri Lanka và Pakistan. Trung Quốc đã đàm phán để đổi khoản nợ của mình lấy hợp đồng thuê 99 năm trong dự án xây dựng cảng ở Sri Lanka cùng với khu vực kinh doanh xung quanh hải cảng này. Trung Quốc đã cấp những khoản tài trợ khẩn cấp cho Pakistan trong năm vừa qua, nhằm ngăn chặn một cuộc khủng hoảng tiền tệ có khả năng xảy ra, nhưng vẫn có kế hoạch đầu tư 52 tỷ USD trong vài năm tới vào các dự án cơ sở hạ tầng của nước này.

Võ Nguyên Giáp và Hugo Chavez

Bắc Kinh thích trích dẫn Kế hoạch Marshall khi nói về BRI, nhưng việc làm của họ thì gian xảo và vị kỉ hơn. Chương trình BRI không cung cấp những khoản vay ưu đãi hay viện trợ quốc tế, mà dựa trên lãi suất trên thương trường, các khoản cho vay có lãi suất cao. Sau đó, các nước vay vốn phải sử dụng các công ty, đầu vào và công nhân Trung Quốc để xây dựng đường sắt và cảng ở nước mình. Trung Quốc cho vay không phải vì có tầm nhìn dài hạn về trật tự thế giới hoàn hảo hơn, như những người ủng hộ họ thích tuyên bố, mà do những tính toán về tài chính: Họ cần giữ cho các công ty đã bị nợ lút đầu lút cổ tiếp tục sống và người lao động của họ có việc làm.

Trung Quốc sẽ phải trả giá đắt. Hiện đã có các báo cáo nói rằng các quan chức Trung Quốc tin là sẽ bị thua lỗ đáng kể từ các khoản đã cho các nước Nam Á và Trung Á vay – những nước này có thể không trả được. Xin xem xét trường hợp Sri Lanka, nước này không trả nổi khoản vay trị giá 2 tỷ USD của Trung Quốc, nhưng sau đó lại được Bắc Kinh cho vay thêm khoản tiền 32 tỷ USD để tài trợ cho các dự án cơ sở hạ tầng. Cũng có những lý do chính đáng để tin rằng Pakistan sẽ không thể hấp thụ được các khỏan đầu tư lớn của Trung Quốc mà không gây ra lạm phát, và do đó, làm xói mòn khả năng trả nợ.

Theo các tuyên bố chính thức, Trong 10 đến 15 năm tới, Trung Quốc có kế hoạch đầu tư 5 ngàn tỷ USD vào dự án BRI. Nếu số tiền này được vật chất hóa trên thực tế, thì đây là khoản tiền rất lớn, ngay cả đối với Trung Quốc, dù là tính theo giá trị tuyệt đối hay trong tương quan với GDP thì cũng thế. Điều đó có nghĩa là, ngay cả việc mất khả năng thanh tóan những khoản nợ tương đối nhỏ cũng có thể gây ra những thiệt hại to lớn, cả về kinh tế lẫn chính trị.

Cho vay những khoản tiền lớn có tính phá hoại, làm cho các nước đang phát triển lâm vào tình trạng đổ nát là cách tốt nhất để Trung Quốc đánh mất sự tín nhiệm trên toàn thế giới. Ở Sri Lanka đã xảy ra nhiều cuộc biểu tình và bạo loạn về những khoản nợ của Trung Quốc. Trong khi đó, Bắc Kinh dựa vào phe đối lập Venezuela để không bị nước này xù nợ. Tất cả những việc này là giá đắt đối với uy tín của Trung Quốc. Chứng kiến những hậu quả của những khoản vay của Bắc Kinh đối với Venezuela, Sri Lanka và Pakistan, những con nợ tiềm tàng khác dường như đã không còn nhiệt tình vay Bắc Kinh nữa – hay chí ít cũng nhận thức rõ hơn về những rủi ro có thể gặp.

Các dự án vay quy mô lớn mà không tập trung vào khả năng sống sót về mặt kinh tế của dự án và khả năng trả nợ của bên vay, hầu như không phải là cơ sở vững chắc nhất cho nền ngoại giao tài chính mà Trung Quốc đang tìm cách thực hiện. Trong trường hợp tốt nhất, nó sẽ dẫn đến nghi ngờ và căng thẳng giữa chủ nợ và con nợ. Trong trường hợp xấu nhất, nó sẽ cho thấy sự tàn phá về mặt tài chính đối với những nước đang oằn lưng duới gánh nặng nợ nần mà họ không thể trả được bằng ngoại tệ mà chính họ cũng không có. Nếu việc cho vay của Trung Quốc không trở nên thông minh hơn, nước này có thể phát hiện ra rằng chẳng còn ai quan tâm tới số tiền mà họ có thể cung cấp.


Christopher Balding hiện là phó giáo sư về kinh doanh và kinh tế học tại trường HSBC Business School ở Thâm Quyến và là tác giả cuốn Sovereign Wealth Funds: The New Intersection of Money and Power.
Đã đăng trên Viêt Nam Thời Báo

Nguồn: http://foreignpolicy.com/2017/06/06/venezuelas-road-to-disaster-is-littered-with-chinese-cash/

           The holiday romance nightmare to end them all    
Lying on a sun lounger on a palm-fringed Sri Lankan beach, Diane Peebles sat blissfully unaware that she was about to become embroiled in a romance far more tumultuous than anything she was reading.
          7/1/2017: SPORT: Lanning supreme in record run chase   

Australia skipper Meg Lanning says she never doubted her side would chase down a record target of 258 to beat Sri Lanka and seal a second successive win at the Women’s Cricket World Cup. Lanning scored an imperious 152 not out as Australia raced to...
          Perempuan AS Tidak Disarankan Naik Bajaj saat ke Sri Lanka    
Para perempuan dari Negeri Paman Sam diingatkan untuk tidak menaiki tuk-tuk karena rawan menjadi korban pelecehan seksual. 
          Orange Red Sapphire .96 Carats 14K Rose gold Diamond Halo engagement ring set with 6mm Round Natural 1163 MMM by mastergoldcraft   

875.00 USD

Gemstone: Natural Orange red Sapphire
Treatments: BE Heat
Color: As shown. This is a very dark almost red orange Sapphire. In real life it almost has a red color.
Clarity: Super clean with no visible inclusions.
Measures: 6.1mm
Weight: .096 carats.
Cut: Round cut.
Origin: Sri Lanka

Metal: 14K Rose gold. (14K White and 14K yellow gold also available for no additional charge).
Also available in 18K gold and platinum, contact us for prices.

Weight: 2.0 grams total weight. Final weight will vary with ring size.

Ring size: 7, with all sizes available from 3.5 thru 9.5

Total diamond weight: Approx. .30 carats.
Clarity grade: Si2
Color: GH
Cut: Round Brilliant cut.
The ring has a total of total of 38 round brilliant cut diamonds.

This ring is set with one Natural Gemstone. Capturing the true color of any colored gemstone is extremely difficult and we try to do the best we can. What makes this even harder for you, the consumer, is the fact that all monitors are calibrated differently. The colors should be close with the only difference being the tone and depth of each color shade. I have been selling colored gemstones on the internet for over 20 years and the one thing that I can guarantee is that the stone you will receive will be far superior to the one you shown in my images.

Occasionally a customer will receive a gemstone that they do not like. This is not a problem, simply return it for a full refund, or perhaps exchange it for a different gemstone.

Please note that the center stone has not been fully set. This allows us to resize, or perhaps recast the gold in a different color without the risk of damaging the stone. It will be fully set before being shipped. With one of a kind gemstones the one in the images will be the one you receive. All other gemstones will be identical to the images in color, cut, clarity and beauty. All carat weights are accurate.

The engagement ring can be purchased alone, and the wedding band purchased at a later date or not at all.

This set is also available as a blank mounting. If there is a different gemstone that you would like see in this ring please contact me. I carry a huge stock of colored gemstones and more than likely I have it in stock. Please contact us for availability and prices.


Standard shipping in the continental U.S. is $6 and is shipped Priority Mail by the USPS
Expedited shipping is also available for $25. Contact us if you need this service.

International shipping is available anywhere in the world for $25. Fedex is also available for an additional charge. Please contact for prices to your country.


I offer a full refund or exchange, less shipping on everything that I sell. All items have to be returned in the same condition as received. Damaged or worn jewelry cannot be returned. There are not refunds on custom work, nor rings that have been customized.


All of the material used are 100% genuine, unless stated otherwise in the listing. You could take it to a certified lab for inspection, and if the result came out differently, I will offer you 100% refund. All pave diamonds are covered up to six months after purchase and will be replaced at no charge in the event that you loose one.

I also do custom work, so if you have somthing in mind please contact us for details. You can also send us links to designs you like and or images of what you had in mind. If you could provide your own design. You could choose a variety of gems ranging from precious to semi-precious stones, and use a metal of your choice (platinum, white gold, yellow gold, pink gold, rose gold, 10k, 14k, 18k, etc). Just let me know, I'll be happy to give you a quote.

Please note that all custom orders are final and cannot be returned for a refund. In special circumstances I reserve the right to offer either a full, or partial credit towards the purchase of some other item. The request to have the above rings recast in another color gold is not considered a custom order and is fully refundable.

Thank you for looking through my Etsy shop.

          Women's Cricket World Cup: Meg Lanning leads Australia to Sri Lanka win   

• Sri Lanka 257-9; Australia 262-2 (Australia win by eight wickets)
• Atapattu’s stunning 178 not out in vain as Lanning hits unbeaten 152

Meg Lanning underlined her status as the No1 batsman in women’s cricket with a superb unbeaten century to seal an eight-wicket win over Sri Lanka at Bristol. The Australia captain scored 152 as the world champions chased down their target of 258 inside 44 overs to wrap up their second victory of the Women’s Cricket World Cup.

An upset looked to be briefly on the cards after Chamari Atapattu single-handedly propelled her side to a 257-9 with a record-breaking 178 not out – the highest proportion of runs (69.2%) scored by an individual in a women’s ODI. The magnificent knock, which included six sixes and 22 fours, was also the biggest score against Australia.

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           im Regelfall ist er aber bei 500-1500 Metern zu    
im Regelfall ist er aber bei 500-1500 Metern zu finden. Durch Kultivierung ist er nun aber auch in vielen anderen L?ndern zu finden so zB. auf Sri Lanka wo der Anbau sehr erfolgreich ist. Anbau: Die Samen werden in beschattete Saatbete gedr?ckt, wenn die S?mlinge ungef?hr Handgro? sind werden sie umgepflanzt. Der Abstand zwischen den Pflanzen sollte etwa 1,5 Meter betragen. Die Pflanze stellt an den Boden wenig Anspr?che, nur kalkhaltige sollte sie nicht sein. Ansonsten braucht die Pflanze eine hohe Luftfeuchtigkeit und recht viel W?rme, sie vertr?gt keinen Frost, ist aber dennoch eine Schattenliebende Pflanze. Wird die Pflanze nicht regelm??ig abgeerntet, so wird sie Baumartig, aber diese Bl?tter einer solchen Pflanze enthalten weniger Wirkstoffe. Inhaltsstoffe: Je nach herkunft liegt ein Alkaloidgehalt von 0,5%-2,5% vor. Hauptalkaloide sind das Kokain und Cuscohygrin. Daneben kommen noch etliche Nebenalkaloide darin vor, vom Gesamtalkaloidgemisch macht das Kokain etwa 75% aus. Droge: Frische oder getrocknete Bl?tter. Ernte: Die erste Ernte der Bl?tter geschieht etwa 18 Monate nach der Keimung. In Regenzeiten kann etwa alle 50-60Tage erneut geerntet werden, in Trockenzeiten nur alle 3-4 Monate. Es macht nichts wenn alle Bl?tter abgeerntet werden, die Pflanze treibt schnell wieder aus. Jedoch sollten Erntezeiten eingehalten werden,d a die Pflanze sonst Baumartig wird und sich der Alkaloidgehalt verringert. Dosierung: Je nach Wunsch des Konsumenten Einnahmeform: Die frischen wie getrockneten Bl?tter k?nnen zu einem Tee gekocht werden, h?ufiger ist jedoch das Auskauen der frischen Bl?tter ?blich. Wirkung: Kokakauen scheint den Blutzuckerspiegel im Gleichgewicht zu halten, ein zu hoher Blutzuckerspiegel wird gesenkt und ein zu niedriger steigt an. Es wirkt auch bei ben?tigter Ausdauer in gro?en H?hen positiv, die Sauerstoffaufnahme bei d?nner Luft, bedingt durch die H?he, wird verbessert. Es bet?ubt ebenfalls die Magennerven dadurch wirkt es Hungerd?mpfend, ebenfalls kann es je nach Menge zu einer stimmulierung kommen, sprich eine gesteigerte Wachheit, ?ber Stimmungsaufhellung bis Euphorie, dazu kommt oft eine aphrodisierende Wirkung. Nebenwirkungen: Beim Kauen wie beim Tee d?rfte es kaum zu Nebenwirkungen kommen, es hei?t Dauergebrauch beim Kauen k?nne impotent machen. Marktformen und Vorschriften: Die Gesamte Pflanze, inklusive der Samen fallen unter das BtmG und k?nnen somit nicht legal erworben werden. Der Kokatee ist allerdings in einigen L?ndern wie Peru im Supermarkt im selben Regal zu finden wie der Pfefferminztee. Muscimol - Ibotens?ure Muscimol: Summenformel: C4H6O2N2 Chemische Bezeichnung(en): 5-(aminomethyl)-3-2H-isoxazolone ; 3-hydroxy-5-aminomethyl-isoxazol Stoffklasse: Aminos?uren, Isoxazolderivate Ibotens?ure: Summenformel: C5H6O4N2 Chemische Bezeichnung(en): a-amino-2,3-dihydro-3-oxo-5- isoxazole-aceticAcid Stoffklasse: Aminos?uren Vorkommend in: -Amanita muscaria -Amanit
          Sri Lanka licensed banks to adopt minimum capital standards from July   
moneyCommencing 01 July 2017, licensed banks in Sri Lanka will adopt minimum capital standards based on the Direction issued by the Central Bank of Sri Lanka in late 2016. This Direction is in line with the Basel III guidelines issued by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS) related to capital, leverage and liquidity in order […]
          Sri Lanka film festival in Seoul, South Korea   
Sri-Lanka-Film-Festival-in-South-KoreaA Sri Lanka Film Festival was held in Seoul, Korea from 23rd June to 25th June, 2017 at CGV Myungdong Station Cine Library. Five contemporary internationally acclaimed Sri Lanka films were screened at the festival, which was well received by Korean movie lovers. The Film Festival was organized by the Sri Lanka Embassy in the […]
          Sri Lanka’s first Marine Finfish Hatchery established in Batticaloa   
Marine-Finfish-HatcherySri Lanka’s first Multi-Species Marine Finfish Hatchery was inaugurated in Tharmapuram, Batticaloa to facilitate the development of marine finfish farming, and produce sufficient amounts of marine fish to meet the demands of the national and international markets. The hatchery was ceremonially declared open by Minister of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Development Hon. Mahinda Amaraweera. The […]
          JICA to provide Doppler Weather Radar Network to Sri Lanka   
Doppler-Weather-Radar-Network-to-Sri-LankaJune 30, 2017 (LBO) – Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has signed a grant agreement with Sri Lanka to establish a Doppler Weather Radar Network in the country. The agreement was signed between Treasury Secretary R.H. Samaratunga and Chief Representative of JICA Sri Lanka Office Fusato Tanaka on Friday with a view to provide the […]
          Sri Lanka’s Watawala Plantations to separate tea business   
Tea-lboJune 30, 2017 (LBO) – Sri Lanka’s Watawala Plantations is planning to set up a separate company relating to the tea business segment of the company by segregating its operational assets and liabilities. The firm said in a stock exchange filing that the said assets and liabilities will be vested in the new limited company […]
          Sampath Bank to raise Rs6bn in listed debt; Deshal resigns   
Sampath-Bank-Sri-LankaJune 30, 2017 (LBO) – Sri Lanka’s Sampath Bank plans to raise as much as 6 billion rupees from a sale of debentures which will be quoted on the Colombo Stock Exchange. The bank said in a stock exchange filing that they wanted to sell 40 million listed unsecured subordinated convertible debentures at 100 rupees […]
          LOLC Finance takes top honours at LankaPay Technnovation Awards   
LOLC-Finance-wins-Top-RecognitionSri Lanka’s Non-Banking Financial Institution (NBFI) giant, LOLC Finance PLC bagged three top awards at the LankaPay Technnovation Awards 2017 held recently for the very first time competing against prestigious Banks and NBFIs to gain these top positions. At the glittering awards ceremony, LOLC Finance was bestowed with the following coveted titles: 1) Financial Institution […]
          Sri Lanka CCC appoints Rajendra Theagarajah as new chairman   
June 30, 2017 (LBO) – The Ceylon Chamber of Commerce appointed Rajendra Theagarajah as its new Chairman during its 178th AGM held in Colombo, Thursday. Theagarajah, a veteran banker, succeeds the outgoing Chairman Samantha Ranatunga, who led the Chamber during the past two years. He functioned as the Vice Chairman, Deputy Vice Chairman, Board Member […]
          PUCSL asks power utility to develop 12 new generation scenarios   
powerJune 30, 2017 (LBO) – Sri Lanka’s Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL) has asked the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) to submit 12 scenarios which will provide different power plant combinations by 7th of July 2017. Issuing a statement the PUCSL said these scenarios should be developed with updated prices for coal, natural gas […]
          Reforms in Sri Lanka urgent but need to limit cost to the poor: WB   
June 30, 2017 (LBO) – Sri Lankan government led reforms to improve competitiveness, maintain macro-fiscal stability and strengthen institutions, with broad support in the country, are key to robust economic growth, job creation and poverty reduction, a new World Bank report said. The Sri Lanka Development Update launched Thursday said that the economy and its […]
          Italiani nel circuito Future- ITF: Risultati Live 01 Luglio 2017. Live dettagliato   
Egypt F18 – $15,000 – Hard – Semifinale In attesa…… Sri Lanka F2 – $15,000 – Terra – Quarti di Finale Alessandro Petrone [7] vs. Mario Vilella Martinez [2] ore Portugal F9 – $15,000 – Terra – Semifinale Erik Crepaldi [6] vs. Joao Monteiro [3] Non prima delle ore 13:00 Lund – $25,000 – Terra […]
          Italiani nel circuito Future: Risultati 30 Giugno 2017. I risultati di oggi   
Egypt F18 – $15,000 – Hard – Quarti di Finale Antonio Zucca vs. Tomas Papik [2] ore 18:00 Alessandro Bega [1] vs. Oleg Khotkov ore 18:00 Sri Lanka F2 – $15,000 – Terra – 2° Turno Alessandro Petrone [7] vs. Niki Kaliyanda poonacha Non prima delle ore 08:00 Italy F19 – Basilicanova – $15,000 – […]
          Best Present When It Comes To Father To Get During Basketball Period!   
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          Teen Car Insurance Costs   
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          Advantages And Nutritional Sources Of Omega 3   
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          In Which Have The Ability To The Favorable Games Gone?   
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           England women out for revenge against Sri Lanka    
KALIKA MEHTA: England bounced back from their opening loss to India with a brilliant win over Pakistan thanks to a 213-run third wicket partnership between Knight and Nat Sciver.
          We are entirely focused on our game: Kohli on India's coach saga   

Mumbai: While the Indian cricket team's search for the new head coach continues following the Anil Kumble's resignation, skipper Virat Kohli on Thursday insisted that his team are currently entirely focusing on their ongoing limited-overs series against West Indies and not on anything else.

Speaking on the eve of India's third ODI against the Caribbean side at the Sir Vivian Richards Stadium, Kohli said that the appointment of the new coach is in BCCI's control and that his side's priority is to just focus on their game and win the ongoing series.

"Right now, we have series at hand and this is what we are focused on. The process is taking place. That is something which is in control of the BCCI. The process is always in place. We, as a team, are focusing on the series right now. We will not focus on anything else at the moment. Our priority is coming here and winning this series and preparing for the game that lies ahead of us," the 28-year-old told the reporters here.

When quizzed whether he has any say on the appointment of the coach, the swashbuckling batsman said that they only voice their opinion as a team and that there is no individual view involved.

"From personal point of view, I can't pinpoint anything or give details. We as a team voice our opinions only when being asked by the BCCI to give our suggestions. So, that is something we have always gone through as a process. That is something that we respect as a team," Kohli said.

He further explained, "When asked it has been asked together. It is not like segregation of anything. So we respect that process. And the same procedure if and when takes place. We will give our suggestions to the BCCI."

The head coach position has been vacant since Anil Kumble's resignation following India's 180-run defeat against arch-rivals Pakistan in the Champions Trophy final at the Oval on June 18.

Former Indian cricketer Lalchand Rajput, Dodda Ganesh, Richard Pybus and Tom Moody and former Indian opener Virender Sehwag have all applied for the post.

Meanwhile, current junior national chief selector Venkatesh Prasad and Ravi Shastri are the latest applicants for the post.

The last date for applying for the post of India head coach is July 9.

The BCCI had earlier stated that Team India will get its new head coach before their tour to Sri Lanka beginning July 26. 

          Comment on At last, some excitement at the World T20 by jimmymycrushie   
This was a strange tournament. I'm not sure why, there was a strange feel to it. Yup, England played with a team no one sensible would take to a World Cup. So inexperienced, so unpredictable. Plus, the ECB should never have made Stuart Broad the captain. He is crazy.<br /><br />Wonder why South Africa have been chokers for so long. Perhaps they need an unconventional psychologist or a journey or something, anything that would make them believe they are winners and have a fresh line of thoughts and approach.<br /><br />Australia looked strong. If they'd have won it, there would be no doubt over who was the best team in the tournament. West Indies are quite sloppy in the field, I didn't expect them to win. Sri Lanka couldn't have asked for a better opportunity, they have won numerous tournaments at home. But, the fact still remains that no home team has won World Twenty20.
          Internet services to be self-regulated   
Internet services to be self-regulated

The guidelines will be in line with clause 14 of paragraph 3 of the constitution that relates to the freedom of expression and also consistent with clauses 19 and 20 of the UN charter on civil and political rights that has been endorsed by Sri Lanka.

A total of eight guidelines include refraining from reporting that highlight communal, racial or religious hatred, reporting that lead to divisions, differences or disunity between the communities, races and religions, reporting that harm the Sri Lankan state’s existence and stability or cause it to wage war, and reporting that harm the good name and conduct of the head of state, as well as reporting with malicious or abusive intentions of persons are also to be desisted. Reporting has been described as news independently generated or quoted from another source.

(Janitha Prasad Senanayake)

          Southern expressway’s Sri Lankan engineers pull out   
Southern expressway’s Sri Lankan engineers pull out

The China Railway First Survey and Design Institute Group Co. Ltd. (FSDI) supervised the construction work. The team leader from that company is British national Colin Aspinall. This man has aided China’s CATIC company to make substandard constructions and to use inferior quality raw material in return for various privileges.

On 03 April, 15 Sri Lankan senior engineers in the project petitioned project director M.S. Nilawfer, pointing out 14 illegal acts committed by Aspinall to adversely affect the construction quality of the expressway stretch. Since no action was taken against the team leader, they sent a reminder on 30 May, asking for an inquiry and that a decision be taken with regard to him.

Meanwhile, Sri Lankan quantity surveyor D.D.J.A. Amarasena has immediately been removed from the project on the instructions of the RDA chairman and senior project director, but without approval by Nilawfer. A committee headed by the highways ministry’s additional secretary inquired into the matter on 05 June. At the inquiry, Aspinall did not answer the allegations against him, and only said he could not work with local engineers any longer.

(Daya Nettasinghe)

          Silva and Sinha Publish Cultural Landscapes of South Asia   

Cultural Landscapes of South Asia: Studies in Heritage Conservation and Management, edited by Amita Sinha and Kapila D. Silva has been published by Routledge. It has chapters on six countries--Bhutan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka--of the region.

Dr. Sinha is a professor in Landscape Architecture at the University of Illinois and a CSAMES Affiliated Faculty member.

          Dr. Francis Boyle joins Tamil Peoples’ Council Team   
Francis A Boyle, Professor of International Law at the University of Illinois, has joined the Tamil Peoples’ Council’s team to fight for an international Judicial Mechanism to investigate and try war crimes cases in Sri Lanka, the New Indian Express reported. Dr. Boyle is also a a renowned expert on human rights, war crimes, genocide, and the Right to Self-Determination. In a statement announcing the induction of Prof.Boyle on Sunday, the TPC said that in a situation in which the Lankan government has ruled out foreign judges in the proposed Judicial Mechanism, and the international community and the “Tamil leadership” are part of a plot to ensure that investigations into the “genocide” of Tamils do not take place, Boyle’s entry will come as some relief to the Tamils and pose a major challenge to those conspiring to deny justice to them.
          Comment on Sino-Indian standoff must be defused by mg   
It is high time that India got its acts together and went for once in the offensive– instead of being defensive and reacting to after the fact– and then even so— BARELY. India should be employing the SAME tactics that the Chinks are using to keep them on their toes. India should be putting and going into defense, strategic, economic, political, business, commercial and all other relationships possible with countries in the South China Sea– specially Vietnam. Then they should not only stop there but expand their role with Burma, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Phillipines, Sri Lanka and whoever they can get them to be on board with them. AND they must start now and start simultaneously so that the chinks have no idea where to pay attention. Give it to them the same way—ONLY 50times harder and stronger. SECOND: Indians should STOP buying and purchasing any items from China... Let the government of India encourage the Indian consumers to stop buying – -just like the chinks do. And then see them squirm. Nothing gets them more than when people start boycotting their dam products. Finally: It is high time that India should start displaying arrogance towards the chinks. Having a friendly relations with them will not help. Last of all, India should STOP sending any pilgrims to China. In fact, India should start a serious campaign informing its pilgrims that all Hindu and Buddhism sites in China have been contaminated by its very presence for being in China and within China. They should stop promoting ANY pilgrims going to China for it and instead inform that the same CAN be achieved by doing similar stuff in India or in Nepal or even at home. As soon as the Indian official start this sort of a thinking... even if it doesnt catch up, you will see how the chinks start squirming for nothing hits them hardest than MONEY... They earn hundreds of millions from all the pilgrims and this must be stopped. Nothing draws a chinks attention more than money does.
          Women's World Cup 2017: Record-breaking chase gives Australia win   
Captain Meg Lanning makes an unbeaten 152 as Australia complete the highest chase in women's World Cup history, scoring 262-2 to beat Sri Lanka by eight wickets.
          Three moments   
Since Goa, I have travelled to Sri Lanka, Kolkata and Varanasi, and I’m now in Udaipur in Rajasthan. Here are three moments out of many that have had an impact on me. They all feature animals – no surprises there!  *** “After working in Sri Lanka, I spent a bit of time as a tourist, which […]
          Women's World Cup: India vs Windies preview   
Concern about Mandhana's fitness, and Windies' strike rotation a worry; Australia to take on Sri Lanka in Bristol.
          IATA Global Training Partner Conference 2017 to be held in Colombo   
SriLankan Airlines and the Sri Lankan Aviation College placed SriLanka firmly in the centre of the international air travel industry's...
          7/1/2017: Sports: The Great Games: Zimbabwe Thrash Sri Lanka by 6 Wickets   
Solomon Mire smashed his maiden one-day century on Friday to take Zimbabwe to a historic six wicket win over Sri Lanka and pile pressure on the beleaguered Asian nation. Mire hit 112 off 96 balls as Zimbabwe reached 322-4 to pass Sri Lanka’s 316-5 with...
          Der lange Schatten von Kultur - Krankheit & Heilen | Sa 01.07 04:00 | ARD alpha   
Krankheit & Heilen - Während bei uns Niedergeschlagenheit und Kummer pathologisiert werden, gelten diese im buddhistischen Sri Lanka als Weg zur Erken...
          CRICKET: Gloucestershire sign Sri Lankan star Thisara Perera for T20 Blast competition   
Gloucestershire sign Sri Lankan star
          How the “Ceylon” Tamils From Sri Lanka Contributed to Singapore Over The Years   
By Ajit Kanagasundram The world today is desperate to attract foreign talent. Thirty percent of Silicon Valley startups are by Indians, and the same percentage is true of Microsoft employees, NASA employees and US physicians. Canada and Australia have long had a point system to attract talent and the US and the UK are thinking ...

Continue reading ‘How the “Ceylon” Tamils From Sri Lanka Contributed to Singapore Over The Years’ »

          EXORCISING DEMONS IN PARADISE: Remarks on Jude Ratnam’s movie screened at Cannes   
By SANJA DE SILVA JAYATILLEKA This evening at the ICES Colombo we saw a very powerful movie: DEMONS IN PARADISE, directed by Jude Ratnam. I am so very grateful that the director invited us to attend its first screening in Sri Lanka. I hope it gets shown and discussed everywhere. Dayan Jayatilleka always said that ...

Continue reading ‘EXORCISING DEMONS IN PARADISE: Remarks on Jude Ratnam’s movie screened at Cannes’ »

          Sri Lanka tour to Lahore, Pakistan 2017 Schedule, Date, Time Table   
SLC Issued Sri Lanka tour to Lahore, Pakistan 2017 Schedule, Date, Time Table. Check Sri Lanka tour of Pakistan 2017 […]
          Jayangani's 178 in vain as Australia pull off record chase against Sri Lanka   
Australia beat Sri Lanka by eight wickets despite a third highest women's cricket one-day score of 178 from Chamari Atapattu Jayangani.
          DailyTimes | Zimbabwe thrash ‘pathetic’ Sri Lanka in one-day battle   
GALLE: Solomon Mire smashed his maiden one-day century on Friday to take Zimbabwe to a historic six wicket win over Sri Lanka and .
          Vespa and Aprilia SR 150 launched in Sri Lanka   

Piaggio Group today announced the launch of its premium and innovative brands Vespa and Aprilia SR 150 in Sri Lanka, symbolising elegance, sophistication and […]

Have you visited IAMABIKER today?

This article Vespa and Aprilia SR 150 launched in Sri Lanka was first published on IAMABIKER.

          Sisa Tsunami   
La fine del mondo in punta di penna e macchina fotografica Sisa Tsunami. Diario dal cuore del maremoto è il racconto delle emozioni, dei fatti, delle storie raccolte da Sergio Cecchini, operatore di Medici Senza Frontiere (Msf) atterrato in Indonesia pochi giorni dopo il maremoto che il 26 dicembre 2004 ha colpito India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Thailandia, Malaysia, Maldive e Myanmar e, meno violentemente, altri Paesi. È, quello di Sergio Cecchini, un diario che ripercorre tutte le tappe di chi si è trovato a doversi confrontare con una catastrofe enorme, inimmaginabile, nel cuore stesso dello tsunami: Banda Aceh, Sumatra settentrionale, Indonesia.

In maniera semplice e colloquiale, Cecchini ci conduce nella quotidianità di chi si è trovato in prima linea nel portare aiuto ai sopravvissuti. Giorno dopo giorno scopriamo, attraverso le pagine di questo diario, le storie e i volti di chi era lì. Armato di un taccuino, di una macchina fotografica e della sua autoironia, l'Autore ci fa rivivere le emozioni e la crudezza di uno scenario altrimenti difficilmente descrivibile. La capacità di raccontare momenti drammatici senza mai cadere nella retorica del dolore e di descrivere pause di spensieratezza con estrema vivacità rendono questo diario scorrevole e avvincente, mescolando all’adrenalina una grande umanità di fondo, che rende questo diario, fatto di ricordi e immagini, unico e imperdibile.
          7/1/2017: TIMES SPORT: Zimbabwe upset pedestrian Lanka   
Galle: Solomon Mire smashed his maiden one-day century on Friday to take Zimbabwe to a historic six wicket win over Sri Lanka and pile pressure on the beleaguered Asian nation. Mire hit 112 off 96 balls as Zimbabwe reached 322-4 to pass Sri Lanka’s...
          MoU between India, Lanka on traditional medicines receive approval by Cabinet   

The Cabinet of the Union approved the signing of a memorandum of understanding for cooperation between India and Sri Lanka in traditional medical systems. The Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of AYUSH and the Ministry of Health, Nutrition and Indigenous Medicines of Sri Lanka will enhance bilateral cooperation in traditional medicine and homeopathy, an official statement said.

          Comment on தடுப்புமுகாம் புனர்வாழ்வின்போது இரசாயன உணவு வழங்கப்பட்டது – ஊசி மருந்துகளும் ஏற்றப்பட்டது – முன்னாள் போராளி சாட்சியம் by Jey Iyadurai   
There are nothing to hide about this Ongoing Tamil Genocide, which is a Sri lankan state sponsored program. Let us expose it in and around to stay focused in bringing the International Investigation to find the hidden Graves of this Crime against Humanity.
          India offers help to Sri Lanka’s Northern province   
High Commissioner tells CM Wigneswaran that New Delhi will provide assistance for projects
          India donates 16,000 books to historic Jaffna library   
Indian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka Taranjit Singh Sandhu handed over as many as 16,000 books to the iconic Jaffna public library on Thursday.The collection will be kept at the ‘India Corner’ in th...
          Preying on disaster: How human trafficking has spiked in quake-shattered Nepal   
The year following two earthquakes that devastated Nepal saw a spike in desperate people falling into the clutches of human traffickers. Two years later, with the country’s infrastructure and economy still in ruins, NGOs say human trafficking is still on the rise.
Nepal has long been a source of economic migrants, and the money they’ve sent home from Gulf countries and neighbouring India has helped to feed families and build homes. Almost a million of those houses were destroyed or damaged in the quakes of 25 April and 12 May 2015, which encouraged more people to migrate, some of whom have been trafficked into unpaid labour or sex slavery.
Nepal’s National Human Rights Commission reported a 15 percent increase in the number interceptions of people “vulnerable” to human traffickers during the three months following the quakes.
That trend shows no sign of slowing, according to the anti-trafficking NGO Maiti Nepal, as well as Indian border security officials. “We continue to see a rise in trafficking cases and in interceptions at the border,” said Shivani Chemjong of Maiti.
The NGO stations people at border crossings with India and intervenes if women and children are suspected of being trafficked. Last year, Chemjong said, Maiti “intercepted” more than 5,700 “vulnerable girls”; in 2014 – the year before the quake – the figure was 2,900.
The Sahastra Seema Bal, the Indian force guarding the 1,751-kilometre border, also reported an increase. In a statement last month, the SSB said officers intervened in the cases of 33 victims of human trafficking in 2014, compared to 336 in 2015 and 501 in 2016. And the SSB has found 180 cases of human trafficking in just the first three months of this year. 


In a small workshop in Nepal’s capital, Kathmandu, about a dozen women between the ages of 14 and 20 sat at tables, diligently threading beads into jewellery. Each was recently rescued after being trafficked, and was now receiving support, including skills training, from a local NGO, Shakti Samuha, which was established and is run by survivors of trafficking.
Shakti Samuha also provides trafficking victims with housing and psychological support, as well as tracking down their families and counselling them. Families often do not welcome trafficking victims home, especially if they have worked in the sex industry. For protection reasons, the NGO declined to reveal their identities or details of their experiences.
The young women preferred instead to focus on the future.
"I'd like to learn computer skills, and teach other girls after learning them myself,” said one.
A young girl rests on a beam in her house in Sindhupalchok, Nepal, which is being rebuilt after the 2015 earthquake
Nimisha Jaiswal/IRIN
A young girl rests on a beam in her house in Sindhupalchok, which is being rebuilt after the 2015 earthquake
More programmes like this are needed, according to the US State Department’s Trafficking in Persons 2016 report. It notes that, in the aftermath of the 2015 quakes, NGOs and the government increased “services and access to vulnerable populations”, but “referral efforts remained ad hoc and inadequate”.

Thwarted efforts

The Nepalese government has taken measures to curb human trafficking as well, but they are limited in effect.
Agencies that recruit overseas workers must be registered and based in Kathmandu. They may employ agents based in district capitals who are prohibited from charging recruits for their services. 
In practice, though, there is little oversight. Advocates for trafficking victims say agents sometimes falsely promise women legitimate domestic work and men construction jobs overseas, mainly in India and Gulf states. 
Once they are there, some women find themselves sold into sex slavery, and many are told they must work until they pay off unforeseen fees.
“In many cases, the imposition of high fees facilitates forced labor, and recruitment agencies engage in fraudulent recruitment,” the US State Department report says.
Nepali embassies in six Gulf nations provide emergency shelters for vulnerable women, including trafficking victims, but the report says they are “inadequate to support the high demand for assistance”. 
A Nepal Police officer looks out from an anti-trafficking check post in Sundhupalchok
Nimisha Jaiswal/IRIN
A Nepal Police officer looks out from an anti-trafficking check post in Sundhupalchok
One way to try to curb trafficking is to restrict air travel out of the country. Nepal's Department of Foreign Employment mandates that all migrants undergo pre-departure training before receiving a stamp of approval from the Labour Ministry, without which they can be prevented from boarding flights.
However, traffickers often avoid such restrictions by bringing people over the porous land border into India.
An ornamented gateway marks the busy Nepalgunj-Rupaidiha border point, where 4,000 people from Nepal cross into India each day on foot, battery rickshaws, or horse-drawn carts, according to SSB officials.
“If there is no proof of wrongdoing, we cannot detain vulnerable women travellers as it can look like harassment,” said one senior SSB officer who asked not to be named as he was not authorised to speak to media.
Once in India, they may be sold into slavery or put on flights to countries beyond.
Nilambar Badal of Asian Forum, an NGO that works with returned migrants, explained how the traffickers are always one step ahead.
“The [Nepalese] government has asked India to hold special screenings at the airports. So instead of flying out of Delhi or Mumbai, the girls fly from small airports like Lucknow or Amritsar,” he said. “From there, they can pretend to be on a trip to Sri Lanka, Singapore or Bangladesh, and onward to the Gulf.”
Nimisha Jaiswal reported on a fellowship from the International Reporting Project
(TOP PHOTO: Guransh Gurung of the NGO Shakti Samuha, which fights human trafficking, in the office in Chautara, Nepal CREDIT: Nimisha Jaiswal/IRIN)
nepal_trafficking_1.jpeg Feature Migration Environment and Disasters Politics and Economics Preying on disaster: How human trafficking has spiked in quake-shattered Nepal Nimisha Jaiswal IRIN KATHMANDU Asia Nepal
          Reasoning Quiz for Bank & Insurance Exams 2017 - Set 6 | Puzzles   

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here is a set of Reasoning Quiz. The following set of puzzles are Prelims Exam level.

Directions (Q. 1-5): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
Seven sports-persons A, B, C, D, E, F and G meet in a party. Each of them belongs to different country viz— India, Australia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, South Africa, Nepal and Sri Lanka. All of them play different sports viz— Cricket, Chess, Football, Volleyball, Tennis, Kabaddi and Hockey but not necessarily in the same order. D plays football but he does not belong to Bangladesh or South Africa. G plays neither Cricket nor Kabaddi, but he belongs to South Africa. C, who plays Tennis, does not belong to Sri Lanka or Australia. F belongs to Pakistan and he plays Volleyball. A doesn’t play to Kabaddi, but he belongs to Bangladesh. The one who plays Kabaddi belongs to Australia. E plays Hockey and he does not belong to Nepal. The one who plays tennis does not belong to India.

1. Who among the following sport’s person belongs to Nepal ?
1) Tennis 2) Football 
3) Hockey 4) Cricket 
5) Can’t be determined

2. The Hockey player belongs to Which of the following country ?
1) Sri Lanka 2) South Africa 
3) India 4) Can’t be determined 
5) None of these

3. Who amongst the following plays Cricket ?
1) G 2) F 
3) A 4) D 
5) None of these

4. Which of the following combinations is true ?
1) A – Chess – South African 
2) B – Vallyball – Sri Lanka 
3) C – Tennis – Nepal
4) All are true 
5) None is true

5. Which of the following statements is/are true ?
1) D plays football and belongs to India 
2) E belongs to either Sri Lanka or India
3) C plays Tennis and belongs to South Africa 
4) All are true
5) None is true


Directions (Q. 6-9): Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below:
Ram goes to market to buy some things. He enters the market, turn to his left, walks 50 m and takes a shirt. Then he turns to his right, walks 30 m and takes a coat. Again, he turns to his right, which is towards east, he walks 50 m and takes shoes. Again he turns to his left and look at bags, which is 60 m away from him. He takes a bag and moves to his left, walks 50 m and stops at the sweet’s shop to buy some sweets.

6. In which direction Ram moves to buy sweets ?
1) South 2) West
3) East 4) Can’t be determined
5) None of these

7. In which direction is the shoes’s shop located with respect to the shirt’s shop ?
1) South 2) North
3) South-East 4) North-West
5) None of these

8. What is the shortest distance between the shirt’s shop to sweet’s shop ?
1) 90 m 2) 80 m
3) 120 m 4) 50 m
5) None of these

9. How far is the shoes shop from the starting point ?

1) 30 m 2) 50 m
3) 100 m 4) 60 m
5) None of these


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Team ExamPundit

          Daily One Liner Current Affairs Update - 28-29 June, 2017   

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Firstly, we loved how you guys appreciated current affairs at a glance(formerly) since its inception. Way back in 1st January, 2016, we launched this and it was highly appreciated. 

Earlier we used to update the daily one liner current affairs along with the Daily Current Affairs Updates. However, due to its popularity & quality, we have decided to post One Liner Current Affairs Update separately on a regular basis. We are starting off with the updates of 28 and 29 June, 2017 just to give you a demo.

Banking & Financial Updates
  • The Maharashtra government issued the Government Resolution (GR) on 28 June 2017 for the farm loan waiver of Rs 34022 crore announced by Chief Minister Devendra  Fadnavis last week.
  • India on 27 June 2017 made voluntary contribution of USD 100000 to the United Nations Trust Fund for International Cooperation in Tax Matters (UN Tax Fund).
  • The Union Government on 28 June 2017 simultaneously launched two key interventions: a revamped oil and gas bidding mechanism named Open Acreage Licensing Process (OALP) and the National Data Repository (NDR) for the first major oil field auctions to be held from 1 July 2017.
  • India on 27 June 2017 signed a loan agreement of USD 35 million with the World Bank for Assam State Public Financial Institutional Reforms Project.

India & States Updates
  • The Union Cabinet, presided by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on 28 June 2017 approved signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Israel on National Campaign for Water Conservation in India.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 29 June 2017 inaugurated the centenary celebrations of Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. In addition, PM Modi also released the coin and postal stamp in the honour of Jain saint and philosopher Shrimad Rajchandra on his 150th birth anniversary at Abhay Ghat.
  • The Election Commission of India (ECI) on 28 June 2017 announced that it will launch a special drive to enrol left out electors, with a special focus on first time electors. The step is taken in the direction of Commission’s motto that 'No Voter to be Left Behind’. It is the first time that Facebook'svoter registration reminder has been rolled out across India.
  • India's latest communication satellite GSAT-17 was successfully launched from Kourou in French Guiana on 29 June 2017. The satellite was launched by French rocket Ariane-5.
  • India and the Netherlandson 27 June 2017 released a Joint Communiqué at The Hague. The Joint Communique was released after bilateral talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Dutch counterpart, Prime Minister Mark Rutte.
  • The Indian Army reportedly received its first batch of bullet-proof helmets from Kanpur-based MKU Industries.
  • Operations at one of three terminals at India's largest container port Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) in Mumbai were disrupted by the global ransomware attack. The attack was confirmed by the port authorities on 28 June 2017.


  • Rajiv Kumar was on 29 June 2017 appointed as the Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh.
  • Dr. Manoj Soni, former Vice Chancellor of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University, took the Oath of Office and Secrecy as Member of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on 28 June 2017 at Delhi.
  • Indian-American Krishna R Urs was on 28 June 2017 appointed as the United States (US) Ambassador to Peru by the President Donald Trump administration.
  • Jammu and Kashmir Governor Narinder Nath Vohra in the last week of June 2017 was appointed the President of the India International Centre (IIC).
  • Loknath Behra was on 28 June 2017 appointed as the Director General of Police (DGP) of Kerala as incumbent TP Senkumar will retire as the state DGP on 30 June 2017.
  • Former Chief Economic Advisor Kaushik Basu on 27 June 2017 took over as the President of the International Economic Association (IEA) with effect from 23 June 2017.

Days & Observances
  • The International Day of the Tropics 2017 was observed across the world on 29 June 2017.
  • Sharjah, a city in the United Arab Emirates has been named as 'the World Book Capital' for 2019 by the Director-General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova for the quality of its literary and cultural activities and for its efforts to make books accessible to the entire population of the nation. The programme runs with a slogan ‘Read - you are in Sharjah’.

World News Updates
  • The Trump administration has set new criteria for visa applicants from six Muslim nations and all refugees that require a close family or business tie to the United States. According to the new guidelines sent to all the US embassies and consulates on 28 June 2017, visa applicants from six countries- Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen-must prove a relationship with a parent, spouse, child, adult son or daughter, son-in-law, daughter-in-law or sibling in the United States in order to get a go ahead.
  • The Automated Teller Machine (ATM) marked its 50th anniversary on 27 June 2017. The first ATM was opened on 27 June 1967 at a branch of Barclays bank in Enfield, north London, the first of six cash dispensers commissioned by the bank.
  • The words Chana and Chana Dal were on 27 June 2017 added to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). 'Chana' means Chickpeas and 'Chana Dal' stands for split chickpea lentils.

Sports Updates
  • Indian badminton player Kidambi Srikanth has re-entered the top ten of the Badminton World Federation (BWF) men's singles rankings for the first time in ten months.
  • Sri Lankan fast bowler, Lasith Malinga has been handed over a suspension ban of six months after a disciplinary inquiry found him guilty of breaching his contract by speaking to the media without permission.
  • Swiss legend Roger Federer on 25 June 2017 defeated Alexander Zverev 6-1, 6-3 in the final to clinch the 2017 Halle Open Men’s Singles title.

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Team ExamPundit

          Current Affairs Update – 28-29 June, 2017   

Hello and welcome to exampundit. Here are the Important Current Affairs of 28 & 29 June, 2017. These are important for the upcoming IBPS RRB OS-I, Office Assistant, IBPS PO, Dena Bank PGDBF, NABARD Grade A Recruitment Exam 2017.

Banking & Financial News

Maharashtra Government issued government resolution on loan waiver

  • The Maharashtra government issued the Government Resolution (GR) on 28 June 2017 for the farm loan waiver of Rs 34022 crore announced by Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis last week.
  • The resolution said, loans of all indebted farmers whose accounts went into default until 30 June 2016, will be waived off with a cap of Rs 1.5 lakh per farmer.
  • It said, the farmers who have paid off their outstanding loans after 30 June 2016, will get a blanket help of Rs 25000 from the state government. The GR said, the farmers are entitled to get the benefit only once.
  • Persons with an annual turnover of over Rs 10 lakh and those who are registered under VAT or Service Tax will be ineligible for loan waiver. Retired persons excluding ex-servicemen whose monthly pension is Rs 15000 or more are also not eligible.
  • The GR says that the farmers, who have more than Rs 1.5 lakh debt, will get the benefit of loan waiver after they pay their remaining amount of debt along with interest. It also says that woman farmer would be given priority in this scheme.

India makes voluntary contribution of USD 100000 to United Nations Tax Fund

  • India on 27 June 2017 made voluntary contribution of USD 100000 to the United Nations Trust Fund for International Cooperation in Tax Matters (UN Tax Fund).
  • This voluntary contribution will be dedicated towards ensuring greater support for developing country participation in the subcommittee meetings of the UN Tax Committee which are currently unfunded.
  • By handing over the cheque to the UN Tax Trust Fund, Indian Government is hopeful that more developing countries will contribute towards the fund. This move is also expected to ensure that global tax cooperation norms and rules will work more effectively and efficiently for all countries and all stakeholders.
  • Voluntary contributions for the Trust Fund have been called for by the UN Tax Committee since its establishment in 2006. The call for contributions was also emphasized in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda adopted at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development in 2015.

Union Government launched new bidding mechanism for mega oil and gas auctions

  • The Union Government on 28 June 2017 simultaneously launched two key interventions: a revamped oil and gas bidding mechanism named Open Acreage Licensing Process (OALP) and the National Data Repository (NDR) for the first major oil field auctions to be held from 1 July 2017.
  • The auctions will be held under a new Hydrocarbon Exploration Licensing Policy (HELP).
  • Arun Jaitely, Union Finance Minister, and Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Petroleum Minister, launched both the initiatives in a mega event in New Delhi.
  • The new bidding mechanism will allow interested firms to bid for blocks of their choice at any time of the year with the help of National Data Repository.
  • The NDR is a comprehensive database of India’s key sedimentary basins that will provide the bidders data on contract areas that will be available for auctioning.
  • Under the mechanism, an investor will be allowed to put forth an Expression of Interest for undertaking contracts under Petroleum Operations Contract (POC) or Reconnaissance Contract (RC).
  • The investor will have the liberty to apply for such contracts bi-annually. They may also participate in rounds of auctions conducted by the regulator DGH over and above the applications made under OALP.

India, World Bank sign USD 35 million agreement to enhance efficiency in tax administration in Assam

  • India on 27 June 2017 signed a loan agreement of USD 35 million with the World Bank for Assam State Public Financial Institutional Reforms Project.
  • The loan will be provided by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), an international financial institution under World Bank that offers loans to middle-income developing countries.
  • The agreement was signed by Raj Kumar, Joint Secretary under Department of Economic Affairs and John Blomquist, Acting Country Director of World Bank (India). The Implementing Entity Agreement was signed by Additional Chief Secretary (Finance) of Assam's Department of Finance and John Blomquist.
  • The objective of the project is to improve predictability and transparency in budget execution and efficiency in tax administration in Assam.
  • The project will benefit the citizens of Assam through efficient processes, enhanced transparency and better service delivery such as electronic payments and collections for services.
  • It will also lead to better public procurement and enhanced taxpayer services provided by public institutions.
  • The total project cost is USD 44 million, out of which USD 35 million will be financed by the World Bank. The remaining amount will be funded out of the State Budget.
  • The project duration is of 5 years.

6th Joint Trade Committee was convened between India and Myanmar

  • The 6th India-Myanmar Joint Trade Committee (JTC) Meeting was held on 27 June 2017 at New Delhi. The meeting was co-chaired by Nirmala Sitharaman, Minister of Commerce & Industry from India and Dr. Than Myint, Union Commerce Minister from Myanmar. The Joint Trade Committee plays a key role in facilitating issues related to the enhancement of the bilateral economic partnership between the two countries.
Speaking on the occasion, Sitharaman stated that both the countries have a long history of shared religious, linguistic and ethnic ties:
  • - Myanmar is India’s gateway to South East Asia and ASEAN with which India is seeking greater economic integration through ‘Act East’ Policy.
  • - Myanmar shares a long land border of over 1600 Kms with India as well as a maritime boundary in the Bay of Bengal.
  • - The bilateral relationship between the two countries has been further strengthened by the high-level exchanges.
  • - Prime Minister of India visited Myanmar in November 2014 for the Twelfth India-ASEAN Summit while the state counsellor of Myanmar visited India in October 2016.


India's policy panel proposes to break up of Coal India into 7 firms

  • A new draft of a New Energy Policy (NEP) prepared by Union Government's policy think-tank, NITI Aayog, says that India should split the seven units of state-controlled Coal India Limited (CIL) into independent companies. This action will help the firm to be more competitive.
  • About 70 percent of India's power generation is fired by coal. The country is the world's third-largest producer and third-biggest importer of coal, which the government wants to change by boosting local coal production.
  • Fresh coal production should come from private sector mines, the government think-tank NITI Aayog said, adding that the move called for reforms in allocating coal blocks to independent companies specialised in coal mining.
  • The previous report of December 2016 by Reuters said that senior Indian government officials, tasked by Prime Minister Narendra Modi with reviewing energy security, were recommending the breakup of the world's largest coal miner within a year.
  • Attempts to break up the world's biggest coal miner could expect resistance from powerful unions representing the firm's more than 350000 employees. The government backed down from a similar proposal in the face of union protests in 2014.
  • One of the unions, which is close to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's party, is against the move and says it, has the support of about half of Coal India's workers.
  • According to reports, Baij Nath Rai, president of Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh in its conversation with Reuters said, “We are opposing the recommendations made by NITI Aayog".

News related to India and states

Union Cabinet approves MoU between India and Israel on National Campaign for Water Conservation

  • The Union Cabinet, presided by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, on 28 June 2017 approved signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Israel on National Campaign for Water Conservation in India.
  • The MoU will help India in conserving water for future generations.
  • As per the agreement, the two nations will work to enhance cooperation at the national, regional and international level to design, implement and monitor a professionally-designed National Water Conservation campaign in India.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurates Centenary Celebrations of Sabarmati Ashram

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 29 June 2017 inaugurated the centenary celebrations of Sabarmati Ashram in Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
  • In addition, PM Modi also released the coin and postal stamp in the honour of Jain saint and philosopher Shrimad Rajchandra on his 150th birth anniversary at Abhay Ghat.
  • Shrimad Rajchandra was a Jain poet, philosopher, scholar and reformer.

Election Commission to launch nationwide Voter Registration Reminder on Facebook

  • The Election Commission of India (ECI) on 28 June 2017 announced that it will launch a special drive to enrol left out electors, with a special focus on first time electors.
  • The step is taken in the direction of Commission’s motto that 'No Voter to be Left Behind’.
  • It is the first time that Facebook's voter registration reminder has been rolled out across India. The drive will be launched on 1 July 2017.
  •  In order to reach out to maximum eligible voters, the ECI is collaborating with Facebook to launch first nationwide Voter Registration Reminder. 
  • With over 180 million people in India on Facebook, the Register Now button is designed to encourage Indian citizens to register themselves with the Election Commission of India.
  • On 1 July 2017, a notification of the Voter Registration Reminder will be sent to people on Facebook in India who are eligible to vote.

India's communication satellite GSAT-17 successfully launched

  • India's latest communication satellite GSAT-17 was successfully launched from Kourou in French Guiana on 29 June 2017. The satellite was launched by French rocket Ariane-5. The European launcher Arianespace Flight VA238 blasted off from Ariane Launch Complex No 3 (ELA 3) at Kourou, a French territory located in the northeastern coast of South America, a couple of minutes delayed than the scheduled time of 2:29 hrs India time.
  • After its lift-off at 2:45 am (IST) and a flight lasting about 39 minutes, GSAT-17 separated from the Ariane 5 upper stage in an elliptical Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit (GTO) with a perigee (nearest point to Earth) of 249 km and an apogee (farthest point to Earth) of 35920 km, inclined at an angle of 3 degrees to the equator.
  • GSAT-17 with a lift-off mass of about 3477 kg carries payloads in Normal C-band, Extended C-band and S-band to provide various communication services. GSAT-17 has a life expectancy of 15 years.
  • The Satellite also carries equipment for meteorological data relay and satellite-based search and rescue services being provided by earlier INSAT satellites.

India-Netherlands Joint Communique issued during PM Modi’s visit

  • India and the Netherlands on 27 June 2017 released a Joint Communiqué at The Hague. The Joint Communique was released after bilateral talks between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Dutch counterpart, Prime Minister Mark Rutte.
  • The communiqué was released during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s working visit to the Netherlands on 27 June 2017. Modi was on a visit to the Netherlands at the invitation of his Dutch counterpart. His visit to the nation also marked 70 years of the establishment of diplomatic relations between India and the Netherlands.
  • During this visit, Modi met with his counterpart Mark Rutte, His Majesty King Willem-Alexander and Her Majesty Queen Maxima. In addition, Prime Minister Modi also met with representatives of Dutch companies operating in the Indian market and those who are keen to invest there.
  • Earlier on his arrival, the Prime Minister was welcomed at Schiphol Airport by Minister of Foreign Affairs Bert Koenders.

Indian Army gets first batch of modern bullet-proof helmets

  • The Indian Army reportedly received its first batch of bullet-proof helmets from Kanpur-based MKU Industries.
  • The MKU Industries, which supplies military equipment to the United Nations and NATO, was awarded a contract to manufacture 1.58 lakh helmets at the cost of Rs 180 crore.
  • Indian Army has ordered the bolted version of bolt-free ballistic helmets. Bolt-free is a higher and expensive version of bullet-proof helmets, which gives all-round protection from head injuries.
  • The MKU Industries claims that the bullet-proof helmets go through rigorous quality tests and ballistic lab test conducted at its testing facilities in India as well as in Germany.
  • The helmets are reportedly designed to bear the impact of 9 mm ammunition fired from a short range.
  • They match global standards of equipment for armed forces.
  • The bullet-proof helmet has the main protective layer of Kevlar, which has high tensile strength-to-weight ratio; by this measure it is 5 times stronger than steel.

JNPT, India's largest container port, hit by cyber attack

  • Operations at one of three terminals at India's largest container port Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) in Mumbai were disrupted by the global ransomware attack. The attack was confirmed by the port authorities on 28 June 2017.
  • The impacted terminal is operated by Danish shipping giant AP Moller-Maersk. The Maersk group confirmed individually on 27 June that its operations were hit by a cyber attack named Petya that affected its multiple sites and select business units.
  • The group’s statement read, “We are responding to the situation to contain and limit the impact and uphold operations."
  • Anil Diggikar, JNPT chairman also stated that the port has been trying to clear containers manually but its operating capacity has dropped to a third at the terminal.
  • “This is a fallout of global cyber attack. Containers are piling up outside the port due to delay in loading and unloading at Gateway Terminals India,” Diggikar said and added that they are hopeful that the operations would normalise in a day.
  • AP Moller-Maersk operates the Gateway Terminals India (GTI) at JNPT, which has a capacity to handle 1.8 million standard container units.


Rajiv Kumar appointed as Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh

  • Rajiv Kumar was on 29 June 2017 appointed as the Chief Secretary of Uttar Pradesh. His appointment was approved by the Uttar Pradesh Government.
  • Prior to this appointment, Kumar was a Secretary in the Union Shipping ministry. He is a 1981 batch IAS Officer of the Uttar Pradesh cadre.
  • Kumar succeeds Rahul Prasad Bhatnagar, who was appointed by the previous Samajwadi Party (SP) government and continued to serve in the office for three months under the Yogi Adityanath government.
  • Rahul Prasad Bhatnagar, the outgoing Chief Secretary, will now serve as the Chairman of the Greater Noida Authority and also as the Investment Commissioner of Uttar Pradesh in New Delhi.

Former Vice Chancellor of Ambedkar University takes oath as UPSC Member

  • Dr. Manoj Soni, former Vice Chancellor of Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University, took the Oath of Office and Secrecy as Member of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on 28 June 2017 at Delhi.
  • The Oath was administered by the UPSC Chairman David R Syiemlieh. UPSC conducts recruitment exams to select country’s top bureaucrats.

Indian-American Krishna R Urs appointed as US Ambassador to Peru

  • Indian-American Krishna R Urs was on 28 June 2017 appointed as the United States (US) Ambassador to Peru by the President Donald Trump administration.
  • Krishna is currently serving as the Charge d' Affaires of the US Embassy in Madrid, Spain, where he was also the Deputy Chief of Mission. He has been a career service American diplomat since 1986.
  • During three decades of State Department service, Urs has specialised in economic issues and developed extensive policy experience in the Andean region of South America.

Narinder Nath Vohra appointed as President of India International Centre

  • Jammu and Kashmir Governor Narinder Nath Vohra in the last week of June 2017 was appointed the President of the India International Centre (IIC).
  • Vohra was appointed as the president at the Annual General Meeting, which was held on 23 June 2017.
  • The appointment was made after eminent jurist Soli Sorabjee quit the presidential post.
He is the first civilian Governor of Jammu and Kashmir in 18 years after Jagmohan.

Loknath Behra appointed as DGP of Kerala

  • Loknath Behra was on 28 June 2017 appointed as the Director General of Police (DGP) of Kerala as incumbent TP Senkumar will retire as the state DGP on 30 June 2017.
  • Behra's appointment as state police chief was confirmed by the Pinarayi Vijayan-led Kerala government after the cabinet meeting.
  • Behra is currently serving as the Director of Vigilance and Anti-Corruption Bureau. He is a 1985 batch Kerala cadre IPS officer.

Kaushik Basu takes over as President of International Economic Association

  • Former Chief Economic Advisor Kaushik Basu on 27 June 2017 took over as the President of the International Economic Association (IEA) with effect from 23 June 2017. He will serve the office for three years.
  • The IEA is a leading organisation for professional economists that seeks to shape global economic policy and research. Among IEA's past presidents are Nobel laureates Kenneth Arrow, Robert Solow, Amartya Sen and Joseph Stiglitz.


International Day of the Tropics 2017 observed globally

  • The International Day of the Tropics 2017 was observed across the world on 29 June 2017 with an aim to raise awareness to the specific challenges faced by tropical areas and the far-reaching implications of the issues affecting the world’s tropical zone.
  • The International Day of the Tropics celebrates the diversity of the tropics and provides an opportunity to share tropical stories and expertise and to acknowledge the diversity and potential of the region.
  • The day was proclaimed on 14 June 2016 by the resolution of United Nations General Assembly to mark the anniversary of the 'State of the Tropics Report' that was launched by Nobel Laureate Aung San Suu Kyi on 29 June 2014.

Sharjah named World Book Capital 2019 by UNESCO

  • Sharjah, a city in the United Arab Emirates has been named as 'the World Book Capital' for 2019 by the Director-General of UNESCO, Irina Bokova for the quality of its literary and cultural activities and for its efforts to make books accessible to the entire population of the nation.
  • Bokova took the decision on the recommendation of the Advisory Committee that met at the Headquarters of the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) at La Haye.
  • The programme runs with a slogan ‘Read - you are in Sharjah’.
  • It focuses on six themes: inclusivity, reading, heritage, outreach, publishing and children.
  • It would include a conference on freedom of speech, a contest for young poets, workshops for creating Braille books and tactile books as well as many other events for Sharjah's multi-ethnic population.

World News

Trump’s travel ban: Visa applicants from these 6 Muslim nations require close family ties in US

  • The Trump administration has set new criteria for visa applicants from six Muslim nations and all refugees that require a close family or business tie to the United States.
  • According to the new guidelines sent to all the US embassies and consulates on 28 June 2017, visa applicants from six countries- Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen-must prove a relationship with a parent, spouse, child, adult son or daughter, son-in-law, daughter-in-law or sibling in the United States in order to get a go ahead.
  • The new guideless have been set by the State Department, according to which extended family members including grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, cousins, brothers-in-law and sisters-in-law and fiancées are not considered to be close relationships.
  • These new measures are expected to be implemented from 29 June 2017.
  • The court’s opinion exempts applicants from the ban if they can prove a “bona fide relationship” with a US person or entity. However, it is up to the government lawyers to determine how to define such a relationship. The court offered only broad guidelines suggesting it would include a relative, job offer or invitation to lecture in the US.
  • The move comes after the Supreme Court partially restored President Donald Trump's executive order that was widely criticised as a ban on Muslims.

World's first ATM celebrates its 50th birthday

  • The Automated Teller Machine (ATM) marked its 50th anniversary on 27 June 2017.
  • The first ATM was opened on 27 June 1967 at a branch of Barclays bank in Enfield, north London, the first of six cash dispensers commissioned by the bank.
  • To celebrate the occasion, the British bank decorated the site of the world's first cashpoint in gold. A black-and-white picture of Varney using the ATM hangs above it, while a commemorative gold plaque has been placed on the bank wall.
  • The original cash machine was the brainchild of Scottish inventor John Shepherd-Barron, who was commissioned by the bank to create six cash dispensers, which based on vending machines.
  • The first person to use the inaugural ATM was actor Reg Varney, the star of a popular British TV comedy called "On The Buses."
  • Transactions were initiated by inserting paper cheques issued by a teller or cashier, marked with carbon-14 for machine readability and security.

Chinese Navy launches biggest new generation destroyer

  • China’s Navy on 28 June 2017 launched its biggest new generation destroyer that weighs around 10,000 tonnes at the Jiangnan Shipyard (Group) in Shanghai. The launch is a part of the country’s massive expansion effort to become a global naval power.
  • The new destroyer, which is a domestically designed and produced vessel, is the first of China’s new generation of destroyers.
  • The destroyer is equipped with new air defence, anti-missile, anti-ship and anti-submarine weapons.
  • The ship is believed to be the first Type 055 destroyer, which is considered to be a successor class to the country’s smaller Type 052D guided missile destroyers.
  • The vessel will have to undergo planned testing including equipment operation, berthing and sailing before it is commissioned into use.

Chana and Chana Dal words added to Oxford English Dictionary

  • The words Chana and Chana Dal were on 27 June 2017 added to the Oxford English Dictionary (OED). 'Chana' means Chickpeas and 'Chana Dal' stands for split chickpea lentils.
  • With this, these Indian food essentials Chickpeas (chana) and the split chickpea lentils (chana dal) join the vast list of more than 600 other words and phrases that have been included in its quarterly update of the Oxford English Dictionary.
  • The other prominent new entries in the OED include a batch of tennis-related words like "Forced Error".
  • A slang 'Bagel' has also been added which refers to a score in a set of six games to love, as there is similarity of the numeral zero to the shape of a bagel.
  • A new sense of 'woke', which was shortlisted for 'Word of the Year', has also been added. It means alert to racial or social discrimination and injustice.

US adds China to the list of Worst Human Trafficking Offenders

  • The United States State Department in the last week of June 2017 issued highly public criticism of China in its latest annual report on the global state of human trafficking.
  • As per the Trafficking in Persons report, China is among the worst offenders of human trafficking.
  • China is now grouped with Tier 3 offenders such as Syria, Iran, Russia and North Korea.
  • China was downgraded to Tier 3 status in 2017 Trafficking in Persons (TIP) in part because it has not taken serious steps to end its own complicity in trafficking, including forced labours from North Korea that are located in China.
  • Several other countries like the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea and Mali were downgraded to Tier 3 status.

Sports News

Kidambi Srikanth re-enters top 10 of BWF men’s rankings

  • Indian badminton player Kidambi Srikanth has re-entered the top ten of the Badminton World Federation (BWF) men's singles rankings for the first time in ten months.
  • The rankings, which were released on 29 June 2017, saw Srikanth placed at the 8th position with 58,583 points. The development comes less than a week after the ace shuttler beat Olympic champion Chen Long in straight games 22-20, 21-6 to claim the Australian Open Super Series and before that Japan's Kazumasa Sakai to clinch the Indonesian Open.
  • Srikanth is the lone Indian shuttler to figure in the top-10 of men's singles ranking after climbing up three places.
  • The 24-year-old had last reached the top ten in October 2016, few months after he reached the quarter-finals at the Rio Olympics 2016.

Lasith Malinga gets one-year ban, fined for media remarks

  • Sri Lankan fast bowler, Lasith Malinga has been handed over a suspension ban of six months after a disciplinary inquiry found him guilty of breaching his contract by speaking to the media without permission.
  • Malinga will also be fined 50 percent of the match fee from his next one-day international. He will be facing a disciplinary inquiry over his comments about Sri Lanka's Sports Minister Dayasiri Jayasekara. 

Roger Federer defeats Alexander Zverev to lift ninth Halle Open title

  • Swiss legend Roger Federer on 25 June 2017 defeated Alexander Zverev 6-1, 6-3 in the final to clinch the 2017 Halle Open Men’s Singles title.
  • The final took place at the Gerry Weber Stadion in Halle, Germany.
  • He also won the Olympic gold medal in doubles with his compatriot Stan Wawrinka at the 2008 Summer Olympic Games and the Olympic silver medal in singles at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games.
  • He is currently ranked world No. 5 by the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP).



Team ExamPundit

          Japan Grants Rs. 3,422 Million for the Establishment of a Weather Radar Network    
Colombo, 01 July, (Asiantribune.com):

In accordance with the long term of economic cooperation, Government of Japan has agreed to provide a grant assistance of Japanese Yen 2,503 million ( Approximately Rs. 3,422 million) under Grant Aid Program for the Establishment of a Radar Weather Network in Sri Lanka.

read more

          Canada celebrate 150th Anniversary of Confederation - Shelley Whiting   
Colombo, 30 June, (Asiantribune.com):

This year it takes on a very special meaning as we celebrate Canada’s 150th Anniversary of Confederation, says Shelley Whiting, High Commission of Canada to Sri Lanka and Maldives.

read more

          PUCSL Asks CEB To Develop 12 New Electricity Generation Expansion Plans   
Colombo, 30 June, (Asiantribune.com):

Public Utilities Commission of Sri Lanka (PUCSL), the electricity sector regulator asked the Ceylon Electricity Board (CEB) to develop 12 new scenarios which will provide different power plant combinations to generate electricity for next 20 year and submit the plans on or before 07th of July 2017.

read more

          Sri Lanka has a very friendly image in the eyes of Pakistani people: Pak Envoy   
Colombo, 30June, (Asiantribune.com):

The Export Development Board (EDB) of Sri Lanka with the collaboration of the High Commission of Pakistan organized a well-attended seminar on “Business Opportunities with Pakistan”, recently.

read more

          Sri Lanka set for AFL International Cup debut   

We interviewed the founders of Australian Football Sri Lanka this week, just over a month out from their International Cup debut.   See the full interview below.

Their squad will be a mix of Sri Lankan and Australian based players. They will be coached by Sri Lankan born, former St Kilda big man Enrico Misso.


Direct link to video - https://www.youtube.com/embed/KaJbCQ1VHuw?rel=0

          The Revolution in Transatlantic Affairs   

The year 2001 could have been an eye-opener but the West, too traumatized by the Islamist attack on America, failed to notice an equally important, if less spectacular, development: the creation by China of a coalition, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, including Russia and Central Asia as members, Iran as a silent partner, and India and Pakistan as observers. It took another five years for Western foreign policy experts to realize that this emerging SCO was, for all practical purposes, an OPEC with nukes, which had the potential to develop, over time, into a full-fledged "NATO of the East."

At the NATO summit in Riga in November 2006, a little-noticed transatlantic revolution of sorts finally occurred when the Atlantic Alliance acknowledged that it would have to "go global" in order to remain relevant. Divided, America and Europe will fall; united, they can retain the lead. But all manners of "going global" are not equal, and the coming globalization of NATO is as much full of promises as it is fraught with perils.

Some will argue that, with 50,000 troops present in three continents today, NATO is in essence already global. Others will counter that the story of this halfhearted, haphazard globalization reads at times like a tale told by an idiot, full of rhetorical fog and bureaucratic friction, and signifying nothing more than "flight forward" or "muddling through." In fact, in the post-Cold War period, NATO's desire to have its cake (collective defense) and eat it too (collective security) has created a certain conceptual confusion.2

As a political organization, the Alliance rushed to invoke Article 5 within twenty-four hours of 9/11; as a military organization, NATO turned out to be as ill-prepared to do counterinsurgency in Afghanistan as the U.S. military in Iraq. It would be a mistake, however, to claim that NATO's credibility is at stake in Afghanistan. Afghanistan may have been the graveyard of empires in the past, but it won't be the graveyard of the Alliance -- for a simple reason already pointed out by one European observer:

When the territorial integrity of one of its members is threatened by an attack, NATO cannot afford to lose. It would sacrifice its credibility as an alliance. . . . But in stabilization operations the existence of NATO is not threatened. Here NATO can afford to fail without losing its credibility as an alliance. . . . There are, thus, fundamental differences between collective defense credibility and stabilization credibility. To lump them together or to blur the distinction between the two, shows a lack of understanding for the very nature of such interventions. The consequences of getting stuck in hopeless operations as well as holding NATO's authority and standing hostage to fortune is doubly dangerous. The UN, the institution with the widest experience in post-conflict stabilization to date, has never made these operations a test for its credibility. NATO needs to do likewise.3

If the Alliance survived a debacle of the magnitude of Suez in 1956, it can withstand anything. The main danger for NATO therefore is not military failure or even a Suez-like temporary political meltdown, but something more insidious. Over time, what an ill-conceived globalization of NATO could lead to is the transformation of the tactical coalition that the Shanghai Cooperation Organization currently is into a strategic "NATO of the East" while at the same time perverting the Atlantic Alliance into, so to speak, a "SEATO of the West" -- namely, a make-believe alliance with no viable strategy (because a conventional military configuration is irrelevant when the threats are of the asymmetric variety) and no coherent policy (because the interests of the global members are simply too heterogeneous to ever converge.)

The Long War promises to be a thinking man's war. As a full-fledged Alliance, NATO possesses the kind of staying power that mere ad hoc coalitions cannot deliver; but NATO still has to come to terms with the fact that thinking power will matter more than fighting power. If NATO is to avoid the twofold danger of the SCO becoming a NATO of the East while NATO becomes a mere SEATO of the West, the Alliance will have first of all to downgrade its "toolbox" dimension and beef up its "think-tank" dimension.

The revolution in strategic affairs

Ever since the 1999 intervention in Kosovo, NATO has been eager to prove that it stands for more than "No Action, Talk Only." But the adoption by the Alliance of the Marge Simpson doctrine ("Are we gonna just stand there like the French, or are we gonna do something?") has proved to be no substitute for a new strategic concept. Kosovo itself, waged in no small part to maintain the credibility of the Alliance, ended up paradoxically weakening NATO's credibility and the mutual bad blood afterwards constituted the single most important underlying reason of the 2003 near-death experience over Iraq.

By the time of the 2006 NATO Riga summit, two eminent Americans argued in no uncertain terms in favor of a re-invention of the Alliance: "It is time to stop pretending that everything is fine in Brussels and Mons. NATO will never generate the political impetus and leadership to reinvent itself unless we face that truth and openly debate what this Alliance can and should become. . . . NATO leaders have thus far demonstrated neither the vision nor the political will to reinvent the Alliance."4

Strong words, to be sure, but perhaps the wrong diagnostic: to the extent that there is indeed a danger of NATO drifting into irrelevance, it is due not so much to an absence of philosophical vision and/or political will as to a deficit of strategic literacy on the part of NATO leaders and cheerleaders.

On the American side, there is certainly no shortage of will and vision. Our two authors themselves were instrumental in forcing Europeans to look beyond Brussels sandbox politics and leading the drive for a successful enlargement of NATO. In the process of preaching a gospel of "broader and farther is always better," though, they elevated enlargement to the rank of a Kantian categorical imperative and by the same token lost sight of the Hobbesian iron law known in the jargon of political science as the security dilemma. Simply put: however defensive in intent, any actor's move to increase its security always runs the risk of being perceived as an offensive move by another actor.5

As Vladimir Putin reminded the West in a very Russian way in his Munich speech earlier this year, one state's idea of "projecting stability" is another's idea of "exporting subversion." Enlargement has been a bold move that played a critical (and often underappreciated) role in the successful transition to democracy of the former captive Europe, but for every action there is a reaction, and the gradual enlargement of NATO to the East has been the main cause of Russia's gradual rapprochement with China. A bold move today would be to acknowledge that, for a host of reasons, this process has reached diminishing returns, and that projecting stability should from now on be achieved at less cost through other means, be it security cooperation or global partnerships.

If Americans these days tend to have forgotten something as basic as the security dilemma, Europeans for their part have serious difficulties remembering something equally basic that they used to perform with undeniable virtuosity: coercive diplomacy. Be it with Iraq yesterday or Iran today, an astounding percentage of the allegedly sophisticated EU elites have the hardest time grasping what any American redneck knows intuitively: namely, that the collective threat to use force is still the best way to avoid having recourse to actual force. Fifty years of increasing focus on intra-EU politics has led EU elites to mistake "multi-level governance" (read: horse-trading by capitals in Brussels) for the whole of statecraft. But genuine diplomacy always rests on the implicit threat to use force, and the EU mantra about force as last resort should logically lead Europeans to view coercive diplomacy as their preferred weapon.6

Iraq, to be sure, was in many ways sui generis. Iran, by contrast, should be a no-brainer, since a nuclear Iran would lead to nuclear proliferation throughout the Middle East all the way to Algeria. Were coercive diplomacy to fail, then, as Senator McCain put it, there would still be one thing worse than military intervention in Iran -- a nuclear Iran.

This question of "strategic literacy" of NATO leaders cannot be overemphasized at a time when NATO allies are elaborating a new (i.e., post 9/11) strategic concept. The task promises to be a daunting one if only because, since the end of the Cold War, the very concept of "strategy" has become increasingly problematic in the West -- in no small part because the concept of the "West" itself is no longer self-evident.7

Forget the "Americans are from Mars, Europeans from Venus" mantra that gave the Brussels Eurocracy the vapors in the summer of 2002.8 Though the slogan captured well a moment of transatlantic relations, over time this mantra has obscured the issue. The truth is, for the past 15 years, and on both sides of the Atlantic, there have been two major attempts underway to get rid of the strategy problematique altogether.

In the civilian world, politicians and bureaucrats have robbed the concept of "strategy" of any meaning by systematically using it interchangeably with "policy." Academics and think-tankers, for their part, have chosen to blow out of proportion a Revolution in Security Affairs in which "the dividing lines between hard and soft, civil and military security are rapidly dissolving, requiring far more flexibility and causing much confusion as allies and partners have disagreed significantly about how to manage such complexity." This supposed Revolution has been used as a pretext to dissolve the concept of "strategy" in the catch-all notion of "security," the concept of "national security" itself in a nebulous "human security," and last but not least, the concept of grand strategy into that of global governance -- whatever that may mean.9

Within the military, the concept of "strategy" has not fared much better. The post-Cold War era has witnessed a surreal debate between the disciples of Clausewitz, who invariably confuse strategy with the operational level of war, and the supporters of the supposed Revolution in Military Affairs reducing war to "targeting and shooting," and whose network-centric paradigm leads to a tacticization of strategy.10

Between the shock-and-awe slogans of the military Mars, and the human security fairy tales of the civilian Venus, Strategy in the West has been MIA for too long. Since the real Revolution in Strategic Affairs happens to be a non-Western affair, NATO leaders will have to start by learning the new grammar and logic of the kind of unrestricted warfare elaborated by the Chinese and the fourth-generation warfare practiced by Islamists.11

As U.S. NATO Ambassador Victoria Nuland argued, "if the divisive debate over Iraq taught us one thing, it is that NATO must be the place where we talk about all the issues affecting our future -- the Middle East, Iraq, North Korea, China, Iran, just to name a few." The North Atlantic Council has recently broadened its range of consultations to include global issues ranging from energy security to transnational terrorism. But increased consultation, in and of itself, will not mechanically lead to better conceptualization. Enhancing the strategic literacy of NATO's stakeholders should be the logical prerequisite to a debate about the future NATO strategic concept.

The SCO as NATO peer competitor?

In the past hundred years, the instrumentalization of Islam has been a recurrent temptation on the part of every rising power, be it Wilhemine Germany or Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany or Soviet Russia, not to mention America itself. As the latest rising power, China itself would not be immune to that temptation even if it were energy self-sufficient. The fact that China's energy needs are huge guarantees that the constitution of a Sino-Islamic axis is for Beijing not just a tactical option, but a strategic necessity.12

While the pivotal states of this strategy appear to be Pakistan, Iran, and (more recently) Saudi Arabia, the geopolitical situation of Iran puts it in a class by itself, as the most precious proxy in China's "indirect approach" against American primacy. It is therefore no surprise to learn that China is using Iran as a conduit for the delivery of arms to both Iraqi and Afghan insurgents, and providing Iran itself the kind of small boats needed to conduct attacks against commercial shipping or the U.S. Navy in the Persian Gulf.13

If the instrumentalization of Islam constitutes the geographical axis of China's grand strategy, the functional axis is -- or ought to be -- of equal interest to NATO, since it consists in the artful combination of space power, sea power, and soft power.

Space power. While lending support to Russia's ludicrous posturing on NATO missile defense, China is experimenting with antisatellite weapons -- a disturbing trend given the reliance of modern military (especially navies) on space power.

Sea power. A hundred years after Theodore Roosevelt sent his Great While Fleet around the world to signal the emergence of a new great power, China is rediscovering the writings of Admiral Mahan on the importance of sea power in history and dreaming of a Great White Fleet of its own. Against the backdrop of an ever-shrinking U.S. Navy (more on that later), China is transforming itself as a maritime superpower at such high speed that Western analysts estimate it could become the world's leading naval power by 2020.

Last but not least, soft power. On the military side, China is focusing on developing security cooperation within the ASEAN Regional Forum framework with the intent of marginalizing America. On the civilian side, China is peddling "Asian values" from Africa to Eurasia and from Latin America to Southeast Asia. For the past six years, China has been promoting autocracy through soft power while America has been promoting democracy through hard power, and the verdict is in: China today has a more positive image worldwide than America.14

Russia's relation to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and its expectations, are of an altogether different nature. On the surface, to be sure, China and Russia appear to be the two main pillars of the SCO. Economically and militarily, the two countries' relation is, for the time being at least, one of genuine complementarity. But while the SCO constitutes the core of China's Islamic strategy, it is for Russia a tactical option to both manage the rise of China in Eurasia and to gain leverage over the West.15

Unlike China, Russia is energy self-sufficient; and unlike China's Confucianism, Russia's Eurasianism actually comes in two opposite versions: one pro-West and anti-Islam; the other pro-Islam and anti-West. American Putin-bashers would do well to realize that the Putin regime clearly favors the former version --- which may not be the case for his successor. Putin's Russia is a mystery wrapped in an enigma only for those caught in a 15-year time warp. In a nutshell: While Yelstin's choice of an alleged Polish model of transition in 1992 resulted, by 1999, in 38 percent of the population living below the poverty line, Putin's reorientation toward a Chinese model has since created an annual growth rate of 6 percent for Russia -- and a 70 percent approval rating for Putin. Having taken considerable domestic risks by siding with America after 9/11, Putin, for the past 5 years, has received nothing in return -- other than a seemingly endless enlargement of NATO in his own backyard.

Now that Russia is rich with oil money and has paid its debts to the West, what Russia wants from the West is respect.16 Russia's nuisance capacity should not be underestimated, even though threats to withdraw from the CFE Treaty, or to turn the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) into a "natural gas OPEC," are intended primarily for domestic consumption and to signal that NATO has enlarged far enough.

Unlike China, Russia is not a rising power. Russian hearts and mind are still up for grabs, though, and there are three reasons why it would be grossly irresponsible to alienate Russia gratuitously. In the short term, Russia's support is critical to solve (militarily or not) the Iranian question; in the middle-term, Russia has considerable leverage over Europe, with much bigger sticks and carrots than America's, and the risk of a creeping Finlandization of Europe is real were America to indulge in brinkmanship; in the long term, the West would have nothing to gain were Russia, against its best interest, to upgrade its relations to the SCO from the tactical to the strategic level.

The current demonization of Russia in some American quarters is thus incomprehensible, unless one keeps in mind the particular conceit of democracies at war that Kennan, following Tocqueville, pointed out long ago: "There is nothing in nature more egocentrical than the embattled democracy. It soon becomes the victim of its own propaganda. It then tends to attach to its own cause an absolute value which distorts its own vision of everything else. . . . People who have got themselves into this frame of mind have little understanding for the issues of any contest other than the one in which they are involved."17

This tunnel vision, and the incapacity to distinguish between the essential and the peripheral, is all the more surprising when it comes from the neoconservative side. Among the new generation of neocons, many seem to have forgotten the lessons of the older generation, as captured in Jeanne Kirkpatrick's celebrated 1979 essay on "Dictatorships and Double Standards." Simply put: when all is said and done, there is a difference in kind between totalitarianism and authoritarianism. If Islamist totalitarianism is the main enemy, as the neocons rightly claim, then it follows logically that Russian authoritarianism, however unpalatable to democratic sensibilities, is something we can live with. In that respect, the arch-realist Kissinger is paradoxically closer to Kirkpatrick than some of today's neocons in arguing:

Russia may be tempted to pursue tactical rapprochement with China. But any meaningful strategic rapprochement with China would move Russia further away from the United States and into a position of dependence on Chinese support. This would run counter to the strategic realities Russia faces on its far-eastern border, given the decline in its population and negative demographic trends. We cannot be fixated by things that are in the power of Russia and China to do. The wise American policy is to establish close relations with both Russia and China. And we should conduct it on the basis that whenever possible there should always be at least equal if not greater incentives or prospect of risks to cooperate with the United States than with each other.18

Similarly, a wise NATO policy should always make sure that NATO-Russia security cooperation is always stronger than Russia-China security cooperation. By the same token, and given the always-possible energy Finlandization of Europe, a wise NATO policy should make sure that the NATO-Russia Council always remains one step ahead of the EU-Russia Permanent Council.19

The Great Game and the Long War

One thing is certain: the Great Game and the Long War will be the two global and generational challenges confronting the West in the next 30 years. While the two challenges at times overlap, they remain analytically distinct. Attempts to conflate the two challenges with a new geopolitical concept like "Greater Middle East" risk confusing the issues. The Great Game? While the West remains fixated on the continental dimension, the East shows more lucidity in giving as much importance to the maritime dimension (more on that later). The Long War? Due to mass migration, the sociopolitical umma no longer coincides with the geopolitical Dar al-Islam.20

So much for the Greater Middle East, then. When all is said and done, globalization has not so much led to the "spiritualization of borders" (as the flute-players would have it) as to the partial "virtualization of geopolitics." The Great Game and the Long War are global and generational, but the geopolitics of oil, of Islamic banking, of Islamic media, etc. only partly overlap, and the geopolitical mapping required is a multi-level mapping including both the real and the virtual worlds.

One of the unfortunate consequences of the globalization theology of the 1990s has been the withering away of geopolitical thinking in the West. This eclipse of geopolitics is not totally negative, to be sure, for as one pundit put it, "few modern ideologies are as whimsically all-encompassing, as romantically obscure, as intellectually sloppy, and as likely to start a third world war as the theory of 'geopolitics.'"21

Yet, globalization theology itself has proven even more intellectual sloppy than the theories of geopolitics. And while the West thought it could do away with geopolitics altogether, the foreign policies of Turkey, Russia, China, and other players were becoming increasingly shaped by distinctive geopolitical visions based less on theories than on memories (with often a tenuous link to historical reality). Thus in Turkey, memories of the Silk Road were the main driving forces in Ankara's turn away from pro-Western Kemalism and toward neo-Ottomanism. In China, a country that had traditionally viewed itself as a quintessential continental power, it is the rediscovery of the short-lived maritime adventures of Admiral Zheng He (the Chinese Columbus) and the awareness of missed opportunities, coupled with the revival of Admiral Mahan's navalist theories, that were being invoked to mobilize public opinion around the idea of turning China into a maritime superpower. Intellectually sloppy or not, these representations have real effects in the foreign policies of non-Western nations. The West can ignore them only at its own peril.

In the West itself, the current fixation of America on Central Asia and of Europe on the Middle East -- the closest thing to a "Western" geopolitical vision -- is based on two flawed premises. To put it crudely: Americans believe that Caspian Sea oil is the key to success in the Great Game; Europeans are convinced that the resolution of the Palestinian question holds the key to victory in the Long War.

Talk about intellectual sloppiness: Warnings about a Caspian mirage were already common among energy experts a decade ago, and time has only made them more relevant: "The current fixation with the Caspian Basin's alleged resource bonanza is exaggerating the region's commercial and strategic significance, distorting US foreign policy calculations and raising the risk of unnecessary contention with other actors, particularly Russia and Iran. . . . Russian analysts could be forgiven for construing US/NATO policies as encirclement from the West through open-ended NATO expansion. . . . The myth [of Central Asia and the Caucasus as a region of independent democracies buoyed by new-found oil wealth and part of an expanding "Euro-Atlantic community"] is diverting policy-makers from a far more profound geopolitical challenge to energy security in the twenty-first century: the rising dependence of Asian nations on Persian Gulf oil. . . . It might be wise to ponder how comfortable China will be in relying on the US Navy to defend the sea-lanes through which its Persian Gulf oil must pass."22

Ten years later, it is clear that just as NATO enlargement to the East has sent Russia into the arms of China, Western energetico-military forays in Central Asia have led China, in turn, to increase its activities in the backyards of Europe (Africa) and America (from Cuba to Panama and Venezuela). America's fixation on Central Asia has been based on probable reserves, which were then contrasted to proven reserves in Persian Gulf, though never with probable reserves offshore worldwide. Since Caspian Sea oil now seems to combine all the problems associated with landlocked transportation and offshore extraction, not to mention geopolitical entanglements, it may be time for a reappraisal.

If American fixation on Central Asia is questionable, European fixation on the Palestinian question as the panacea of the Greater Middle East is downright irrational. As Edward Luttwak pointed out recently: "Yes, it would be nice if Israelis and Palestinians could settle their differences, but it would do little or nothing to calm the other conflicts in the Middle East from Algeria to Iraq, or to stop Muslim-Hindu violence in Kashmir, Muslim-Christian violence in Indonesia and the Philippines, Muslim-Buddhist violence in Thailand, Muslim-animist violence in Sudan, Muslim-Igbo violence in Nigeria, Muslim-Moscovite violence in Chechnya, or the different varieties of inter-Muslim violence."

This European fixation is all the more irrational in that as far as the proverbial Arab Street is concerned, the resolution of the Palestinian question ranks only seventh in importance, way behind the usual bread-and-butter issues (employment, health, corruption, education, and even combating extremism and protecting civil rights). And who can blame Ali Six-Pack for his lack of interest? Unlike the Kurds, who have proven capable of self-government, Palestinian leaders have never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity, as the saying holds. The pathetic clash between Fatahland and Hamastan is today leading many Palestinians themselves to reconsider the long-abandoned possibility of forming a confederation with Jordan. It is time for Europeans to realize that, as Joseph Joffe demonstrated in a seminal article, "far from creating tensions, Israel actually contains more antagonisms than it causes" -- though of course you would never know it, since Israeli public diplomacy is nonexistent.23

Flawed premises aside, there is another, more pedestrian reason why the closing of the transatlantic mind is particularly pronounced within NATO. As the Alliance underwent a gradual transformation from collective defense to collective security, this functional broadening focused on the continental dimension led to a neglect of the maritime dimension and thus to transatlantic tunnel vision.

During the Cold War, the Atlantic Alliance had two geographic pillars: the Brussels-based Allied Command-Europe (ACE) for continental affairs, the Norfolk-based Allied Command-Atlantic (ACLANT) for maritime affairs. From 1991 to 2001, the maritime dimension, once identified with the Atlantic, became confined to the Mediterranean (Operation Sharp Guard). Yet, despite the shrinking of the maritime dimension at the operational level, ACLANT continued, at the intellectual level, to deliver outside-the-box, yet topical thinking on issues like "Multinational Naval Cooperation and Foreign Policy into the 21st Century."24

The real change occurred with the 2002 Prague Summit's decision to transform these two geographical pillars into functional pillars: Allied Command Operations (ACO) and Allied Command Transformation (ACT). The transformation of the geographical ACLANT into a functional ACT did more than marginalize the maritime dimension; it also brought the wrong transformation to the fore. NATO-ACT being twinned with the U.S. Joint Forces Command (JFCOM), the Alliance, in the name of interoperability, soon adopted all the shibboleths of the RMA: network-centric warfare, information dominance, the change from threat-based planning to capabilities-based planning which can only aggravate the idea of the Alliance as a "toolbox," and last but not least, the religion of jointness itself, whose unintended effect was to downplay the specificity and autonomy of navies when it comes to constabulary and diplomatic missions.

The whole RMA folklore was introduced to NATO right at the time when, in Iraq and Afghanistan, its limits were becoming too obvious to ignore. The Pentagon is today trying to find a better balance between Network-Centric Warfare (NCW) and Culture-Centric Warfare (CCW), and one would hope that ACT will quickly NATO-ize the lessons learned in theater.

In and of itself, though, this rebalancing will not bring the kind of maritime domain awareness that is so crucial for an understanding of both the Great Game and the Long War. Outside the Anglo-Saxon world, to be sure, Western policymakers and opinion leaders have rarely been literate when it comes to naval strategy. Though this is not the place for a comprehensive tour d'horizon of the military, political, diplomatic, and constabulary uses of seapower25, basic "maritime domain awareness" is necessary when discussing the future globalization of NATO.

On the military side, the importance of the maritime dimension begins with the fact that, for all the talk about airlift capabilities, 90 percent of military lift remains sealift. But what is more noteworthy about the post-Cold War period is the fact that the decline of "maritime domain awareness" within the Atlantic Alliance took place precisely at the time when globalization was significantly increasing the importance of the maritime dimension on the commercial side (85 percent of world trade volume and 60 percent of oil and gas travels by sea) and of maritime security, all too often confused with -- and reduced to -- maritime safety.

It is hard to imagine a "Global NATO" -- in whatever shape or form -- that would continue to ignore the global commons the way today's NATO does. It is time for NATO's maritime commitment to match its continental commitment. To put it only half in jest: Either NATO will go out to sea, or it will go out of business.

The new Rimland

NATO was created as the political-military expression of the containment doctrine. While the father of the doctrine was diplomat George Kennan, the godfather of containment was geopolitician Nicholas Spykman. During World War II Spykman had challenged the centrality of the concept of the "Heartland" developed a generation earlier by Halford Mackinder (against Mahan's sea power thesis), and focused instead on what he called the "Rimland," by which he meant essentially continental countries with a maritime facade.

As Spykman defined it, the Rimland "functions as a vast buffer zone of conflict between sea power and land power. Looking in both directions, it must function amphibiously and defend itself on land and sea." On this geopolitical foundation laid by Spykman, Kennan simply built a chronopolitical strategy of containment, which would pay off 50 years later (much later than initially anticipated by Kennan).

In 1904, Mackinder had made the grandiose pronouncement: "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; who rules the Heartland commands the World Island; who rules the World Island commands the World." The Cold War was to prove Mackinder wrong and Spykman right: For 50 years, the Soviet Heartland did rule Eastern Europe; if it fails to command the world, it's because it failed to rule what really matters, i.e., the Rimland.

Throughout the Cold War, then, it is the concept of Rimland which provided the geopolitical underpinnings for a grand strategy of containment and its security architecture, of which NATO constituted only one pillar (arguably the most important) along with SEATO and CENTO. Today, the Soviet Union is gone and, against all odds, NATO is still around. True, today's NATO is not your father's NATO, but equally true, today's Rimland is not your father's Rimland -- and it is not clear that today's NATO has fully grasped all the implications of the sea-change.

Today's Rimland is a 400-mile wide amphibious area. In contrast to 1904, the Heartland today is an empty shell, and not just because of Russia's demographic decline. In China, the population is deserting the Heartland and moving to the coast. Worldwide, today's Rimland is both leaner and meaner than a century ago; no longer the "buffer zone of conflict" described by Mackinder or Spykman, this overpopulated Rimland, with 4 billion people living within 200-mile wide coastlands, is the "epicenter of all conflicts."

Should NATO care? As a military alliance, NATO cannot afford to ignore the increasing covergence of littoral warfare, amphibious warfare and urban warfare -- an issue to which the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps are devoting increasing attention. As a security organization, NATO's reasons for caring should be based on a recent report produced by the Center for Naval Analyses entitled "National Security and the Threat of Climate Change," describing a number of not exactly rosy scenarios regarding the political-military consequences of rising sea levels in the next 30 years. The hard security consequences of soft-power issues: This is the kind of outside-the-box thinking that NATO should itself promote.26

Equally interesting is the other phenomenon happening on the new Rimland: the so-called territorialization of the seas. The belated implementation, in the 1990s, of the 1982 Law of the Sea (UNLOS) and in particular of the 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ), has had over time unintended effects. Due to the existence of more than one hundred EEZs, 32 percent of the ocean is today under some sort of national jurisdiction. We are talking an area of 28 million square miles, i.e. four times the size of Russia (America's EEZ itself is two-thirds the size of the continental United States and accounts for 30 percent of the U.S. oil production).

The process of territorialization of the seas has been twofold: the "enlarging" of territorial waters from 12 miles to 200 miles, but also the "deepening" of territorialization. Twenty years ago, offshore wells were being drilled in just a few hundred feet of water; with ever-improving technology, prospecting then moved to deep water (i.e. beyond 1,300 feet) and more recently still to "ultra-deep" drilling under as much as 10,000 feet, with dramatic consequences for some countries like Brazil, who went from quasi-total dependence on foreign oil to quasi-total independence.

For all the post-Cold War talk about the decline of the state, there is at least one domain where the state is in expansion, and it is the sea. And for all the talk about a Great Game in Central Asia, it is worth keeping in mind that more than 30 percent of the world's oil and 50 percent of the world's natural gas is produced offshore. The percentage is greater still when moving from proven reserves (i.e., 90 percent certainty) to probable reserves (50 percent certainty). Add to that the fact that 60 percent of the world's oil and gas is transported by sea, and in the end, it is hard to deny that command of the high seas will matter just as much as control of the Heartland.

A little-noticed global chasm is occurring today in terms of geopolitics: As the center of gravity of world history is shifting from the Atlantic to the Pacific, the Western mind, traditionally maritime, is rapidly closing itself to anything other than continental matters, while the Asian mind, traditionally continental, is becoming increasingly maritime in outlook.

In the East, a region lacking a security regime analogous to NATO, the lack of clarity of the law of the sea regarding such issues as military and intelligence-gathering activities in the EEZs of other countries, and the competing claims for territorial waters and seabeds, has become a game increasingly fraught with dangers. The best known example is the Spratly Islands, one hundred or so islands scattered over an area the size of France, said to hold more oil than Kuwait, and situated right in the middle of one of the busiest sea lanes, used by 300 ships a day. The Islands are claimed in part or totality by no fewer than 17 countries, and five of them (including China) actually have small military forces on these otherwise uninhabited islands.

Unlike the legendary Great Game between England and Russia throughout the nineteenth century, the current Great Game at sea involved more than two players: America and China, the two greatest oil consumers, but also Japan and India, Malaysia and Indonesia, and other countries. This multiplicity of actors gives the seaborne Great Game a greater unpredictability. And unlike the slow moving Great Game in Central Asia in the nineteenth century, which resembles a leisurely game of chess, today's Great Game in the Asian Sea at times is more like Russian roulette, in that "incidents at sea" -- like the October 2006 close encounter of a Chinese sub with the USS Kitty Hawk -- have the potential to trigger unintended and unpleasant developments quickly.

The Great Game at sea is too complex to be examined in detail here. Suffice it to say that if in terms of transportation, the true identity of the players takes forever to sort out (the nationalities of the owner, the crew, the flag, the cargo), there is a clear trend in the nationalization of oil companies when it comes to production: "The percentage of the world's oil reserves held by publicly traded international oil companies (IOCs) has declined, while the percentage held by state-owned national oil companies (NOCs) has increased. Currently, 72 percent of the world's proven oil reserves are held by NOC's [the majority of which are Russian and Chinese]."27

Should NATO care? When you put together the territorialization of the seas and the nationalization of oil companies, the Great Game at sea becomes worth examining (e.g., the 2006 decision of the Cuban regime to hire Chinese NOCs for offshore drilling -- 45 miles off the coast of Florida). China's interest in Cuba, Panama, and Venezuela shows that the "string of pearls" strategy of China goes beyond the Persian Gulf to the South China Sea and the Gulf of Guinea, extending into the Western Hemisphere all the way to America's Caribbean backyard. Since Chinese NOCs are present in 50 countries and play with different rules than regular international oil companies, one would think that the geopolitics of the NOCs could be a suitable topic of discussion in the NAC.

For now, the Great Game at sea affects the Pacific more than the Atlantic, and as such has not directly affected NATO. But it certainly affects NATO's new global partners (Australia and Japan, Korea and New Zealand), who all happen to be maritime powers in the Pacific, and this is something that NATO will have to factor in when deciding the nature of its relationship with non-Atlantic powers. Global partnerships will have to be a two-way street, or there will be no global partnership.

In that respect, it is worth remembering that, in its day, SEATO included non-Asian countries like the UK and France, whose threat perceptions over time evolved differently from those of Australia and New Zealand (not to mention Thailand or the Philippines), and eventually SEATO went the way of the dodo.28 Therefore, when talking about NATO's global partners, one cannot avoid raising SEATO-related issues: Do allies and would-be partner nations have the same threat perceptions? What kind of "added value" will the concept of global partnership offer not only to the former, but also to the latter? In what ways can global partners become a force multiplier for the Atlantic Alliance, and in what way can it lead instead to an "entangling alliance"?

New perils, then, but also new promises. The maritime dimension is an opportunity for European allies to go beyond the "EU sandbox" and play a global role at relatively little cost, if only because public opinion will always find a maritime commitment more palatable than a continental one. For many allies like Norway and Greece, a greater maritime commitment on the part of NATO would also be a way to display niche capabilities (it's not as if the U.S. Navy had a surplus of mine-sweepers) that they don't necessarily possess in land operations. Last but not least, for a country like France, a middle-sized power as a land power but a maritime superpower of sorts (the third largest EEZ in the world thanks to its South Pacific possessions), a greater maritime commitment would be a way to maintain a leadership position. When it comes to NATO, to be sure, France, since 1958, has never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity. With Chirac and Villepin gone, however, it may well be that France will no longer confuse History with histrionics, and volonte de puissance with capacite de nuisance.

The Great Game at sea is only beginning. However fanciful they may be given the current international legal regime, Putin's claim in June 2007 to a chunk of the North Pole holding twice the oil reserves of Saudi Arabia gives an idea of the challenges ahead as global warming increases the areas available for offshore drilling.

The Long War at sea

The maritime dimension is as important for the Long War as it is for the Great Game. Before the attack on the Twin Towers, the attack on the USS Cole gave the West an idea of what asymmetric warfare can accomplish (17 sailors killed and $250 million worth of repairs for a terrorist operation that cost $40,000 to launch). That asymmetric warfare at sea shows great promise has not been lost on the jihadists who, when all is said and done, are less interested in restoring a caliphate (a goal they know is beyond their reach) than in making the West bleed to death economically.

Nine million containers enter U.S. ports each year, and 80 percent of U.S. port facilities these days are owned by foreign companies. It is estimated that the detonation of a 10-to-20 kiloton nuclear weapon in a container would cause a disruption of trade valued at $100 billion to $300 billion, property damage of $50 billion to $500 billion, and the loss of 50,000 to 1 million lives. A mere dirty bomb smuggled in a container would kill very few people, but the disruption would cost $58 billion and it would take 19 days for ports to resume normal operations and 92 days to stabilize the container backlog -- by which time the disruption could well spawn a recession.

The trauma caused by two planes crashing into the Twin Towers has made us forget that al Qaeda and its associates have a maritime strategy more sophisticated than blowing up the USS Cole. Before his arrest, the man responsible for the Cole attack himself had undertaken preparation to attack shipping in the Mediterranean with a four pronged-strategy: "ramming, blowing up medium-size ships near other vessels or at ports, attacking large vessels such as supertankers from the air by using explosive laden small aircraft, and attacking vessels with underwater demolition teams using limpet mines or with suicide bombers. During his interrogation, Nashiri revealed that if warships became too difficult to approach, tourist ships could be targeted. The cruise ship industry, which in the U.S. alone carries nearly seven million passengers every year, is facing this new threat."29

Eighty percent of world trade travels by sea, and 60 percent of the world's oil is shipped by about 4,000 tankers: "Were terrorist pirates to hijack a large bulk carrier or oil tanker, sail it into one of the chokepoints, and scuttle it to block the sea-lane, the consequences for the world economy would be severe: a spike in oil prices, an increase in the cost of shipping due to the need to use alternate routes, congestion in sea-lanes and ports, more expensive maritime insurance, and probable environmental disaster. Worse yet would be several such attacks happening simultaneously in multiple locations worldwide."30

A rogue nuclear missile on Paris or Berlin is decidedly more unlikely in the next five years than the hijacking and sinking of a couple of supertankers in the Strait of Gibraltar or the Bosphorus. The latter, in particular, is less than a mile wide in some areas, and 10 percent of the 50,000 ships that pass through it each year are tankers carrying Russian and Caspian oil.

In the Turkish strait in 1996, the nine pro-Chechen gunmen who hijacked a Turkish ferry and held 255 passengers hostage for three days had first considered the possibility of sabotaging one of the two suspension bridges with explosives to bring down the bridge and close shipping traffic. The worst case scenario, now that the Russian Duma has passed a bill to transport 20,000 tons of nuclear waste through the straits in the next ten years, is the possibility of one of these tankers being hijacked in the vicinity of Istanbul, a city of 12 million inhabitants. It is expected that traffic on the Bosphorus will be 50 percent higher in 2010 than it was in 2005, and so will the opportunities to create catastrophic mischief.

NATO military planners and civilian policymakers continue to think in terms of nation-states and regional "areas of operation," whereas, as the navy community knows full well, maritime threats are more often than not nonstate and transregional in nature. But terrorist networks are genuinely transnational: the Sri Lankan LTTE not only owned and operated a fleet of ten ocean-going freighters flying Panamian, Honduran, and Liberian flags, it also hijacked commercial vessels carrying weapons to reroute them to the Tamil Tigers. In 1994, the LTTE shipped 50 metric tons of TNT on board one of its own freighters operated by a front company from a Ukrainian Black Sea port via the Turkish Straits to Sri Lanka.

NATO is today paying less attention to potential maritime threats affecting its own civilian populations than to making the non-Western world safe for democracy (or sharia, since the jury is still out). If NATO wants to survive another 30 years, it will have to focus a little more on the concerns of its own population.

Global NATO, thousand ship navy

In the 1990s, some foreign policy analysts called on the United States to adopt a policy known as "offshore balancing." Succinctly put, "offshore balancing is predicated on the assumption that attempting to maintain U.S. hegemony is self-defeating because it will provoke other states to combine in opposition to the United States, and result in a futile depletion of the United States' relative power, thereby leaving it worse off than if it accommodated multipolarity."31 Whether such an offshore balancing is still possible or desirable for the U.S. in a post-9/11 environment is highly debatable. But a maritime globalization of NATO could become, for the Alliance itself, the continuation of "offshore balancing" by other means. Its main merit would be to constitute a hedging strategy of sorts against the SCO.

China is emerging as a maritime superpower as quickly as America itself (not to mention the UK) is declining as a naval power, to the point where China could become the leading naval power by 2020. The Russian Navy, which until now was a pale shadow of Gorshkov's navy (since 1991, the number of submarines has declined from 317 to 61 and of surface ships from 967 to 186) has announced plans to build a class of four new aircraft carriers in 2013-14, with initial service to begin in 201732. One would do well to remember that it took hardly more than a decade during the Cold War for Russia, the quintessential land power, to develop a formidable navy. In 20 years, we could realistically see a China/Russia-led SCO that is hegemonic not only on land but at sea. As counterintuitive as it may be at first, NATO would be wise to consider the possibility of making maritime cooperation the centerpiece of NATO-Russia security cooperation.

Maritime operations are of course not foreign to NATO. In the 1990s, Operation Sharp Guard constituted a dress rehearsal of sorts for Operation Active Endeavor after 9/11. In 2003, OAE was expanded functionally and geographically to cover the whole Mediterranean and ended up including some Mediterranean Dialogue countries as well as Russia and Ukraine. Many NATO allies participate in the Container Security Initiative (CSI) and the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), and it is no coincidence that the former head of Joint Forces-Naples, Admiral Mullen (the current chief of naval operations and JCS chairman-designate), is the one who developed the concept of the "Thousand Ship Navy" (TSN), which is today the talk of the U.S. Navy.

Though globalization has increased the importance of maritime affairs, there has been both a relative and an absolute decline of U.S. seapower, with a U.S. Navy today at its lowest level in the post-World War II era. For the first time in 20 years, the U.S. is in the process of drafting a new maritime strategy, but with a considerably reduced force that went from 600 to fewer than 300 ships, and with new responsibilities in terms of nonmilitary maritime security. Hence the concept of the Thousand Ship Navy, which is meant to create a global maritime partnership with foreign navies.33

TSN is much more than an attempt to make a virtue of necessity. The Thousand Ship Navy -- the "Great White Fleet" of the twenty-first century -- represents a revolution in military affairs in that the concept raises the "network-centric" paradigm established by Admiral Cebrowsky from the domain of strategy (Network-Centric Warfare) to that of security (Global Maritime Partnership). In the process, it brings back a much-needed balance between techno-centric and culture-centric skills as components of success. Just as important, the TSN concept also represents a revolution in diplomatic affairs, in that a global maritime partnership would go beyond the traditional military-to-military contacts and, as Admiral Mullen points out, would unite "maritime forces, port operators, commercial shippers, and international, governmental and nongovernmental agencies to address mutual concerns."

As the Proliferation Security Initiative in Asia shows, though, this twenty-first- century naval diplomacy presents formidable challenges in terms of redefinitions of "sovereignty." Though the TSN concept is still a work in progress, it is worth noting that naval representatives from 72 countries have already taken part in the first symposium on the subject. NATO would do well to examine if the indirect approach of "going global" through a Thousand Ship Navy path is not also the best way to avoid making self-defeating waves in Asia.

Strategic considerations aside, there is an additional reason for Global NATO to get associated with the Thousand Ship Navy. Hard as it is to remember today, there was a time when NATO captured the imagination of Western audiences: Until the mid-sixties, in fact, the prospect of an Atlantic Union was seen in Europe as the wave of the future, while the idea of a European Union was associated mainly with coal, steel, and the standardization of electric plugs.34 Today, hard as they try, the 700 million people of the West can't really bring themselves to get exited when the "deliverables" of NATO Summits amount to -- the purchase of three C-17s? If that is NATO's level of ambition these days, no wonder that even the EU is beginning to look good. NATO will require nothing less than a Thousand Ship Navy if it is to recapture the imagination of public opinion.

NATO and the rise of UN-istan

Two organizations emerged in short succession from the 1941 Atlantic Charter: the United Nations in 1945 and, when the UN proved ineffective in a Cold War context, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949. For the next 50 years, NATO's role in waging and winning the Cold War was as central as that of the UN was marginal.

In the early days of the post Cold War, there were, on both sides of the Atlantic, great hopes that the UN could finally play the role it was initially designed for. A former ambassador to the UN, the elder Bush in particular hoped to make the UN the cornerstone of a New World Order. In Europe as well, as the EU was toying with the idea of transforming itself from an Europe-espace to an Europe-puissance, many thought that an EU military force could constitute the military arm of the UN, and that the EU, in turn, could use the UN as a force multiplier to provide a "counterweight" to the US.

The fixation of EU elites on this idea led them to overlook the various scandals that marred the UN throughout the 1990s (from the Rwanda genocide to the Iraq oil-for-food program). More important, there is great reluctance on the part of EU public opinion at large to acknowledge the fact that, in the process of enlarging 54 members in 1945 to 184 in 1993, the UN's initial goals have been perverted.

Once the embodiment of Western ideals, the UN has turned into a lean, mean anti-West machine. Though European publics no longer have any illusion today about a Europe-puissance, they still retain a surprisingly boy-scoutish view of the UN, one that no longer corresponds to reality. European public opinion saw nothing wrong, for instance, in the recent establishment of an International Criminal Court that would give its prosecutor the power of a grand inquisitor, in part because they are not aware of the politicization of the UN (and of the potential use of the ICC as an anti-Western weapon), but also in part because, over the years, they have resigned themselves to the creeping judicial and technocratic imperialism pursued at home by the EU Court of Justice and the EU Commission.

If, against all odds, the European public has a more positive image of the UN than of NATO, it is for a simple reason: When it comes to strategic communication, today's NATO is your grandfather's NATO. Meanwhile, over the years, the UN has turned itself into a slick, global propaganda machine.

In that respect, the UN's main achievement since 1949 has been the transformation of a once-peripheral issue into a global Passion Play. Though the number of refugees throughout the world were millions after 1945 (and 15 million more with the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947), the UN decided to focus quasi-exclusively on the 700,000 refugees of the 1948 Israeli-Arab war. For these Palestinian Arabs, the UN created not only a specific agency (UNRWA) but a unique, and Orwellian, definition of "refugees" carefully designed to maintain the issue forever alive.35

Twenty years later came a new development. The demagogic UNESCO projects about a New World Information and Communication Order did not disappear when the US and the UK left the organization in protest and UNESCO, as a result, lost one fourth of its budget. The NWICO project was simply quietly transferred from Paris to New York, from UNESCO headquarters to UN headquarters. Over the years, the UN-New York developed its radio and TV station and its global network of 60 centers. It has provided "training" to Third World journalists (with a particular predilection for Palestinians) and built both a formal and informal media empire on which the sun never sets. By 1998, the UN spent a greater share of its budget on self-promotion and propaganda through its Department of Public Information (5.37 percent) than on Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (4.96 percent) or International Justice and Law (2.10 percent).

At the same time that it was becoming a major player in the propaganda game, the UN inside was gradually turning into a "lawfare" machine against the West. As Joshua Muravchik explains: "In the General Assembly, the Arabs have a unique leverage with which they can make the UN say whatever they want (except in the Security Council where the US veto has prevented that). The 22-nation Arab League constitutes a decisive bloc within the 56-nation Organization of the Islamic Conference [OIC], which is decisive in turn in the 115-nation Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), which constitute nearly two-thirds of the UN and is the organization's main bloc."

The OIC, it will be remembered, was created by Saudi Arabia in 1969 as a weapon against the Egypt-led Arab League in the ongoing Arab Cold Wars. In recent years, under the leadership of the OIC, the UN has turned into UN-istan:

The OIC is silent on putting the blame for the slaughter of innocent Muslim pilgrims precisely where it belongs -- on other Muslims. Instead, the OIC squanders most of its energy condemning the West for defaming Islam whenever terrorism is in any way linked with adherents of their religion. . . . While as a group they pay less than 3 percent of the regular annual budget of the United Nations, they have managed to exercise an outsized amount of influence in the General Assembly and its subsidiary bodies over how the UN deals with such issues as Palestine, terrorism and human rights and terrorism. Next on their agenda is a permanent Islam seat on the Security Council. Iran has already been designated as the OIC's preferred candidate for election to the Security Council in 2008. . . . In short, the Organization of the Islamic Conference bloc has been able to manipulate the UN's machinery to turn the liberal vocabulary of racism, oppression, genocide, tolerance and multiculturalism against the critics of reactionary Islam.

How delusional is the OIC today? So delusional that, at its May 2007 summit, the 56 foreign ministers agreed that the "greatest form of terrorism" in the world today is -- Islamophobia! The same OIC is the main force behind the election of Iran as vice-chairman of the Disarmament Commission, the presence of representatives of the worst dictatorship on the planet in the UN Human Rights Committee, not to mention the attempt, following the Danish cartoon affair, to make the UN recognize "blasphemy" as a crime.

In this ongoing weaponization of the UN against the West, China has not remained passive: beyond the OIC and NAM proper, the largest group in the UN happens to be the "G-77 + China," i.e., 132 countries representing 69 percent of UN members. China's UN dues may be 2 percent of the UN budget, but Chinese activism in the past decade has spectacularly increased in recent years.36 It is reportedly under Chinese pressure that the US was evicted from the Human Rights Commission in 2001 to make room for Arab dictatorships.

While the UN was sinking in global parochialism, NATO has gone global geographically (50,000 troops deployed now on three continents) and functionally (broadening of political consultations in the NAC). It is also beginning to go global in its cooperation with non-Atlantic partners like Japan to Australia.

In some American and European quarters, this globalization of NATO has led some observers to assert rather boldly that "NATO's next move must be to open its membership to any democratic state in the world that is willing and able to contribute to the fulfillment of NATO's new responsibilities."37 But to add four or five global partners is one thing, to add the 88 countries recognized as democracies by Freedom House is quite another. The necessary, if not sufficient, condition for turning NATO into a UN of democracies would be to change the flawed images of the UN and NATO that European publics currently have. That said, this long-term scenario of NATO as a UN of democracies cannot be ruled out given the ongoing deconstruction of the Tower of Babble by China and the OIC.

With the possible emergence of a NATO Security Providers Forum consisting of the leading contributors, three key questions are likely to keep the Allies busy in the coming years. What would happen with the four NATO Partners who are also SCO members in the event the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council was to be disbanded in favor of a Security Providers Forum. What will be the nature of the articulation between the North Atlantic Council, the Security Providers Forum, and the NATO-Russia Council? Has the time come for NATO to adopt an EU-style, "variable geometry" decision-making process? At the same time, the debate on the future Global NATO should not be limited to these organizational matters.

The Western-inspired international legal order is today under assault at the UN; at the same time, an obsolete Law of Armed Conflict is preventing the West from defending itself on the ground. As a military organization, NATO should today articulate a "Counter-Lawfare" doctrine for the sake of intellectual interoperability. As a security organization, NATO should not wait until it has become a full-fledged UN of Democracies to start elaborating a New Law of Armed Conflict adapted to the realities of post-modern warfare.38 Last but not least, the Alliance should take strategic communication more seriously and make better use of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (information) and the NATO Defense College (education).

If the Atlantic alliance is to genuinely "go global," it will have to achieve a better balance between "toolbox" and "think tank" and to focus more than has been the case so far on increased strategic literacy, broader situational awareness, and state-of-the art strategic communication.

History on the move again

Two hundred years ago, Napoleon Bonaparte, who knew a thing or two about epochal change, remarked: "When China awakens, the world will tremble." China is awakening, all right, and promoting worldwide authoritarianism all the more successfully that the spectacle of Western democracies lately has not been exactly edifying. If the Chinese promotion of "Asian values" has a global, rather than regional, historical significance, it is because Confucius today speaks with a very strong German accent: that of Carl Schmitt. While Western pundits were enrolling Kojève for their musing on the "end of history," the Chinese were translating nine books by Schmitt to philosophically buttress their return in history. The future of liberal authoritarianism has never looked brighter.39

The return of China alone would be enough to make the West "live in interesting times." To make things even more interesting, Islam too is back, this time in the form of a totalitarianism which manages to combine an ideological comprehensiveness (Salafism) unseen since Communism and an existential nihilism (jihadism) worthy of Nazism. A generation ago, the post-Vatican II Catholic world finally espoused the 20th century, and the Church went on to play a critical role in the collapse of communism; meanwhile, under the increasing influence of Wahhabism, the Muslim world was going in the opposite direction, and this great leap backward brought them back to the 14th century.40 If the Saudi caliphate does not soon undertake its own Vatican II, chances are the Muslim world will never make it back to the 21st century.

It is time for the Transatlantic chattering class to realize that there is a time for problematizing, and a time for strategizing -- and that its first order of business should be to stop mistaking a simple transatlantic time lag for a metaphysical problem. In the wake of 9/11, there was an extreme disconnect between an America that had just experienced its first continental aggression since the "second war of independence" (the war of 1812) and a Europe convinced that the then-imminent opening of the Brussels constitutional convention was, if not the beginning of universal peace, at least the world's most important event since the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.

Hence the temptation in certain quarters to reify this temporary disconnect into a Mars/Venus gap. But the most cursory examination of twentieth-century history shows that transatlantic time lags have always been the rule rather than the exception. The First World War began in 1914, the U.S. only joined in 1917. The Second World War began in 1939, the U.S. only joined in 1942. The Cold War began in 1947, and it took Europe a full two years to give up the temptation of neutrality and side with the U.S. Since the Long War is of an asymmetric kind, it is no surprise if it took longer than usual for America and Europe to synchronize their chronopolitica

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Yes, INDEED! We, the PATRIOTIC People of Sri Lanka, DO NOT WANT A NEW NATIONAL CONSTITUTION created by this PARA-GATHI DESHADROHI ROOKADA Yamapalana Government that we NEITHER TRUST, NOR RESPECT! This DESHADROHI government must NEVER BE PERMITTED to craft a New Constitution that will DIVIDE & UNDERMINE our Motherland, and deliver it BOUND HAND & FOOT to OUR ENEMIES! NEVER!
It is a bigger sin and a crime to disrupt beef and pork production and sale in Sri Lanka. A very large number of people and under 5 children suffer protein and iron deficiency. The solution is not food Nazis telling them to eat what they should. The solution is to have plenty of variety. Thank you Dr Dissanayake for bringing this up. A controversial topic. Various extremists try to restrict people's food choice. If allowed, malnutrition will increase. Then they will blame the sufferers and politicians for not doing their food Nazi policies. Sri Lanka had a historically developed beef, pork, venison, game bird, etc. industry before European invasion. Newcomers are trying to impose their alien fatwas on what people in this island have been eating throughout history. People also have the right to eat non-halal food. Although there is no difference, it is a choice. People's right to food choice must be included as a fundamental right in the Constitution.
          Comment on Uma Oya was a mistake – Mahinda (English) by Fran Diaz   
the CAPTION IS WRONG ! Vaisrawana is correct - thank you. What MR says is that the Yahap Govt ought to have continued with the Uma Oya project with the original plan. It was originally planned to take the water to Wellassa. Note : It is the YAHAP GOVT that is saying that the water was to go to H'thota. We think that ALL THE DETAILS OUGHT TO BE PUT OUT IN ALL 3 LANGUAGES FOR THE PUBLIC TO SEE AND JUDGE FOR THEMSELVES WHAT IS HAPPENING ! Can't help concluding that this whole FALSEHOOD about Uma Oya project is being perpetrated and the MR Govt accused by Yahap sympathisers (accusation made by a so called "leading civil society organisation" (per Island, 1st July), of something they did NOT do, is to bring about a distraction to the Central Bank Scam by Ranil appointed Arjun Mahendran & Perpetual Treasuries. In the meantime, Yahap is attempting to bring in Coal Plants to Lanka ! See Lanka Page June 30th, under caption "Sri Lanka Power Regulator .... " Yahap : What a farce !
          Explosion heard from ship off the coast of Somalia, official says   

The Somali coast as seen from U.S. Secretary of State Kerry's plane as it nears the airport in Mogadishu

BOSASSO, Somalia - A huge explosion was heard from a ship off the coast of Somalia's Puntland region late on Monday and flames were seen rising from what might be a foreign vessel, an official in a nearby port said. "We heard (a) huge explosion and (saw) flame rising from the ship. I believe that the ship is foreign," Ali Shire, mayor of Puntland's port town of Alula, a pirate haven, told Reuters on Tuesday. It was not immediately clear whether the explosion was caused by an accident onboard the vessel or was triggered by pirate attackers. It was also not clear whether the vessel was still afloat or had sunk. Jacqueline Sherriff, spokeswoman for the European Union Naval Force (EU NAVFOR), told Reuters in an email they were aware of reports about a possible explosion on a vessel and were working with the United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO) to confirm details. "I can confirm that all EU NAVFOR warships and crews are safe and we have not been asked to assist with an incident." Abdi Jama, a resident of Muranyo village near Alula, told Reuters the vessel had been in the area for two days before the explosion occurred and that he had seen a helicopter land on and take off from the vessel some time before the blast. He said the explosion turned the vessel "into flames and huge clouds of smoke". Somali pirates often prowl waters around Alula. In March, they hijacked an oil tanker, Aris 13, with eight Sri Lankan crew on board, the first time a commercial ship was commandeered in the region since 2012. Several foreign navies, including from the European Union, China and others, often operate in the area as part of anti-piracy missions. Source: Reuters
          What a Constitution cannot change   
Shenali D Waduge It is a futile exercise to claim to change a country’s constitution to meet the aspirations of each and every citizen of Sri Lanka. There are some sine quo non areas and other factors that cannot change just to please some or because its existence displeases others. The unitary status of the […]
By M D P DISSANAYAKE Whether you wish to be a vegetarian or not, is entirely upto the individual.  Muslims close their shops on Fridays during mid day, to attend Mosques.  Muslims open their shops on Poya Days to grab market share of non-muslim businesses. On the question of Fresh Pork, some Muslims were annoyed […]
          7/1/2017: SPORT: Never in doubt, says hero Meg   

AUSTRALIA skipper Meg Lanning says she never doubted her side would chase down a record target of 258 to beat Sri Lanka and seal a second successive Women’s Cricket World Cup win. Lanning scored an imperious 152 not out as Australia raced to 2-262...
          Alghazaleen Tea Super Ceylon Earl Grey Tea (100 Tea Bags)   
Alghazaleen Tea Super Ceylon Earl Grey Tea (100 Tea Bags)

Alghazaleen Tea Super Ceylon with Earl Gre tea, 100 tea bags. Packed in Sri Lanka net weight 200g. 2g tea bag.

For the perfect cup of tea. Warm the teapot by rinsing hot water. Add one teabag per person and one for the pot. Pour freshly boiled water and aloow to brew for five minutes. S..

Price: $11.89

Trebuie să recunosc că oricât aş încerca să fug de filmele indiene şi coreene mereu mă lovesc de ele, atât mama cât şi bunica urmăresc astfel de seriale şi din diferite motive ajung să particip la câte un episod ba din unul, ba din altul. Din cele coreene trebuie să recunosc că nu prind nimic interesant, nici ele nu-s interesante, toţi seamănă (atât femeile cât şi bărbaţii), toţi sunt skinny şi toţi ţipă!

Ceea ce pot spune în schimb este că la cele indiene, de bine de rău mai învăţ şi eu câte ceva. Am observat că sunt o naţiune foarte credincioasă, zeii primează la ei şi sunt fel şi fel de ritualuri pe care le urmează zilnic, din zori până la apus.


Exemple ar fi multe şi poate am să mai abordez acest subiect dacă vă interesează dar pe moment aş putea spune că una dintre sărbătorile ce îi definesc pe ei este sărbătoarea Holi sau Holli, în traducere însemnând "Festivalul primăverii". Acest festival se desfăşoară anual în ţări precum India, Nepal, Sri Lanka sau în ţări cu diasporă indiană semnificativă (Africa de Sud, Surinam, Guyana etc.). (Sursă)


Prima zi de Holi, denumită şi Dhuli Vandana este sărbătorită prin aruncarea de pulberi colorate şi stropirea cu apă parfumată a oamenilor. Cu o zi înainte se aprind şi focurile de tabără ce semnifică evadarea miraculoasă a prinţului Prahlad. (Sursă)

 Legenda spune astfel, că Hiranyakashipu era regele demonilor, iar prin graţia zeului Brahma ,a ajuns de neînvins după o lungă penitenţă în care s-a rugat să nu poată fi ucis: "nici ziua, nici noaptea; nici în casă, nici afară; nici pe pământ, nici pe cer; nici de un om, nici de un animal; nici de astra, nici de shastra”, motiv ce l-a făcut să sfideze nemuritorii şi muritorii având dorinţa ca aceştia să i se inchine cu toţii. Fiul lui Hiranyakashipu (Prahlada), era credincios zeului Vishnu şi în ciuda ameninţărilor tatălui său nu a renunţat la credinţa lui. Regele a încercat să-l omoare prin mai multe modalităţi, a cerut să fie călcat de elefanţi dar acesta a scăpat fără nici o zgârietură, l-a închis într-o cameră cu şerpi veninoşi dar a scăpat teafăr, a încercat să-l otrăvească dar veninul în gura lui s-a făcut nectar, iar în disperare a poruncit ca acesta să ardă pe un rug în braţele surorii lui, Holika (demoniţă ce nu putea fi omorâtă prin foc). Neavând de ales, a acceptat oferta tatălui ei dar s-a rugat la zeul Vishna să îi salveze fratele, iar când aceştia au luat foc, demoniţa a ars iar Prahlada a scăpat nevătămat. Într-un final zeul Vishnu a apărut în formă de Narasimha (jumătate om, jumătate leu) şi l-a ucis pe rege în zorii zilei (nici noaptea, nici ziua), pe treptele casei (nici în casă, nici afară), ţinându-l în poală (nici în cer, nici pe pământ) şi zgâriindu-l cu ghearele (nici de astra nici de shastra). (Sursă)

Festivalul ţine 16 zile în zona în care s-a născut Krishna (a-8-a reîncarnare a zeului Vishna) pentru a comemora dragostea dintre acesta şi Radha. Krishna s-ar fi plâns mamei lui că e prea mare contrastul dintre pielea lui şi cea a lui Radha, astfel mama zeului gândindu-se să dea cu culoarea pe faţa Radhei, de aici şi ritualul din timpul festivalului. (Sursă)

Krishna şi Radha
Pentru a putea vedea veselia cu care aceştia se desfăşoară în timpul festivalului, voi pune şi un filmuleţ care mie mi-a placut mult şi sper să vă bucuraţi de el (bine, recunosc ... îmi place puţin şi prezentatorul :D). O zi colorată vă doresc!

          instagram 2015 best nine   

2015 Instagram Best Nine Photos

There's an end-of-the-year meme going around that generates your nine most popular photos posted to instagram. These aren't my nine most popular - but they are my nine most favorite. They represent an otherworldly, incredible travel year to more than 26 countries - 10 which were lifers!

The photos, from left to right represent: Amman, Jordan; Quartz Mountain, Oklahoma; Kandalama, Sri Lanka, St. Petersburg, Russia; Toronto, Canada (Pan Am Games Opening Ceremony); Kona, Hawaii, Cape May, New Jersey; and Pico Bonito, Honduras. Although Australia was the last country I traveled to in 2015 (still here as I write) - travels to Honduras in early December brought me to my 120th country (not that I am a lister!). 

And since I am fairly certain no one reads my blog anymore - I might as well go ahead and post my travels from 2015 - because they were pretty mind-blowing:

San Antonio, Texas (Alamo Bowl)
Palau (#110)
South Korea
Seychelles (#111)
Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Cartagena, Colombia (#112)
Lake Tahoe, California
Tucson, Arizona

Joshua Tree National Park
Sydney, Australia

Madagascar (#113)
Kona, Hawaii

Honolulu, Hawaii
Toronto, Canada
Rome, Italy
Lisbon, Portugal
La Coruna, Spain
Bilbao, Spain
Bordeaux, France

London, England
Amman, Jordan
Beirut, Lebanon (#114)

Toronto, Canada (Pan Am Games)
a five-week assignment

Alaskan Cruise
Beijing, China

Dubai, United Arab Emirates
St. Petersburg, Russia
Kona, Hawaii

Tonga (#115)
Adelaide, Australia
Sri Lanka (#116)
Maldives (#117)
Bali (#118)
Papua New Guinea
Fiji (#119)

London, England (Rugby World Cup)
Yangon & Bagan, Myanmar

Honduras (#120)
Port Douglas, Australia

          Senior Advocate K.K. Venugopal To Replace Mukul Rohatgi As Attorney General   

NEW DELHI -- Senior advocate K K Venugopal's name has been cleared for appointment as the Attorney General for India following the decision of Mukul Rohatgi to step down as the top law officer.

The proposal to appoint the 86-year-old veteran lawyer as the successor of Rohatgi was discussed before the departure of Prime Minister Narendra Modi on his recent visit to the US, Portugal and the Netherlands.

"Venugopal had a meeting with Modi before his departure to a three-nation tour," sources said.

When contacted today and asked about his priorities as the Attorney General, Venugopal said "I will speak only after the notification is issued."

He told PTI that the notification is likely to be issued in a day or two.

The Law Ministry had recently referred the file relating to the appointment of Venugopal as the Attorney General to the Prime Minister's Office for a final call, sources had said.

After the decision is finalised, the President has to sign the Warrant of Appointment of the Attorney General.

A noted constitutional expert, Venugopal is the recipient of Padma Vibhushan and Padma Bhushan. He would become a law officer for the second time after being an Additional Solicitor General during the Morarji Desai government during the seventies.

He has been associated with several government instrumentalities and has been representing them as a senior advocate. Lately, he has been appearing for the CBI and the Enforcement Directorate before the Supreme Court in the 2G spectrum allocation scam.

The apex court had asked him to continue in the matter despite Venugopal's replacement by the ED after he had taken a view different from the agency and the government on the removal of an investigation officer.

He also represented the Madhya Pradesh Government during the hearing of National Judicial Appointments Commission Act in which he supported the validity of the central law to do away with the collegium system of appointment of judges for the higher judiciary.

However, his association with the BJP regime goes back to the Ayodhya movement when he had appeared for the then Kalyan Singh Government in Uttar Pradesh by assuring the Supreme Court that the disputed medieval structure would be protected.

Later, when on Decemeber 6, 1992, the structure was brought down by the kar sevaks, he had appeared before a bench of then Chief Justice M N Venkatachaliah at his residence in the evening.

Venugopal had recently appeared for senior BJP leader L K Advani and others before the apex court which restored the charge of criminal conspiracy against them and ordered the completion of the trial in the Babri Masjid demolition case, in two years.

He has also appeared for P J Thomas when his appointment as the Chief Vigilance Commissioner by the erstwhile UPA government was challenged in the apex court which had set aside the government's decision.

He also appeared for Dandi Swamy Sri Vidyanada Bhartiji and J Jayalalithaa, the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, in 2008 in the Sethusamudram case, popularly known as Ram Sethu matter, against the construction of the ambitious shipping canal project of the previous UPA government.

The Supreme Court had stayed the construction of the controversial Ram Sethu or Adams Bridge project, a barrier located southeast of Rameshwaram, which connects Talaimanar coast of Sri Lanka.

Also on HuffPost India

          Understanding The Root Causes Of Natural Disasters   

File 20170626 29070 ohp5hm

Ishinomaki one year after the 2011 earthquake and tsunami schmid91/flickr, CC BY-SA

Florian Roth, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich; Christine Eriksen, University of Wollongong, and Tim Prior, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

Every year disasters take lives, cause significant damage, inhibit development and contribute to conflict and forced migration. Unfortunately, the trend is an upward one.

In May 2017, policy-makers and disaster management experts from over 180 countries gathered in Cancun, Mexico, to discuss ways to counter this trend.

In the middle of the Cancun summit, news arrived that large parts of Sri Lanka were devastated by floods and landslides, killing at least 150 and displacing almost half a million people.

It was a stark reminder of the summit participants' challenging task of paving the way towards reducing disaster losses "significantly" by the year 2030 based on the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).

Adopted in 2015, the Sendai Framework outlines seven targets and four priorities for action to prevent new, and reduce existing, disaster risks to economic, physical, social, cultural, health or environmental assets and lives of persons, businesses, communities and countries.

Since then, in China, a village in the Sichuan province has been devastated by a landslide and rescuers are still looking for missing people.

The social root causes of disaster

Disasters occur when people are affected by natural or technical hazards - when lives are lost or property is destroyed. As the Swiss writer Max Frisch observed in his 1979 book 'Man in the Holocene', "-only human beings can recognise catastrophes, provided they survive them; nature recognises no catastrophes."

Research conducted in Sri Lanka suggests that while heavy rainfall was the trigger for the flooding, the root causes of the disaster were social, in particular widespread poverty, conflict-induced migration and problematic land-use practices. These characteristics are not homogeneous, meaning different places and people are affected differently.

The social characteristics of communities are extremely important for hazard managers because they increase peoples' vulnerability to hazards.

A global community that is dedicated to reducing disaster losses over the next decade must address these social root causes of disaster. If not, the lofty goals of the Sendai Framework will remain elusive.

Pockets of vulnerability across societies

Understandably, socially disadvantaged communities exposed to hazards have to date received the most attention from DRR specialists. This is because hazards tend to harm predominantly those social groups that were already disadvantaged before a disaster.

Large focus has been placed on "underdeveloped" or "developing" nations, where the social disadvantage factors are particularly obvious. For example, while studying the social aspects of food insecurity during droughts in the Sahel region in the mid-1980s, scientists showed that low-wealth families with many children were particularly susceptible to chronic food insecurity.

But groups of people living in places where the overall socio-economic status is higher can also be vulnerable to hazards, and little is known about these groups.

The assumption that all members of affluent societies are somehow immune to disasters seems to be broadly shared, perhaps because vulnerability may be less obvious. This (mis)belief seems to be reinforced by various attempts to index and compare the vulnerability of communities, regions or whole nations.

In fact, making inferences about disaster vulnerability based on aggregated economic characteristics often leads to misleading conclusions. This problem is known as the 'ecological fallacy', where relationships on the aggregate level do not necessarily hold on the individual level.

For instance, research from the 1990s demonstrated that homeless people in Tokyo (at the time one of the wealthiest cities in the world) were far more vulnerable to earthquake hazards than the average resident. Problematically, emergency planning by government overlooked this 'invisible' sub-population. In this case, the 'ecological fallacy' meant there was a tendency for emergency planning activities to be directed toward a higher socio-economic class.

Additionally, research conducted in the wake of Hurricane Katrina's impact on New Orleans in 2005 has shown that socio-economically disadvantaged households and communities were disproportionally affected by the hurricane. These people lacked the capabilities to prepare for, respond to and recover from the event.

These examples, from affluent and less affluent countries, suggest the need to consider social vulnerability in more geographically and demographically nuanced ways when implementing DRR activities. On the one hand, poorer communities might bring alternative capabilities to DRR that are non-financial. On the other hand, ignoring existing social disadvantage within affluent contexts risks significant loss of life and property, and forgoes the opportunity to improve the circumstances of the affected sub-populations.

The case of the 1991 Oakland Hills wildfire

In order to deepen understanding of social vulnerability in affluent contexts, we recently conducted an interview study on the long-term effects of the 1991 Oakland Hills wildfire in California. The analysis revealed that households with low socio-economic status actually benefited from the characteristics of the overall community.

Specifically, high levels of political and social capital in the neighbourhood contributed to extensive recovery efforts by public authorities (e.g. infrastructure upgrades). In turn, these measures increased not only the value of the properties of the politically active members of the community (typically higher socio-economic status), but also the value of the homes of the economically weakest families. In this way, resources available at the neighbourhood level mediated the hazard's impacts at the household level throughout the community.

Even so, there were sharp differences in the way the 1991 fire affected different sub-groups of the community. During the firestorm elderly residents and people with physical disabilities were especially vulnerable because these people had problems evacuating from the fire zone. After the fire, during the recovery stage, different groups faced difficulties in accessing their insurance, an often cited, but perhaps unreliable resource for recovery. As one female interview participant in the Oakland Hills described: "Demographics count. If you're a single woman, if you're a person of colour, they'll treat you differently. And we were low income. So they accused us of fraud. How could we live here? Even though we had all the proof in the world."

After protracted negations with insurance companies, most financial losses were covered, but the affected citizens reported suffering financial and emotional stress during the, for some, decade-long recovery phase. While the case demonstrated that affluence could mediate household vulnerability, damaging disparities remained nevertheless.

No magic formula

While the Oakland Hills case is informative, we must avoid uncritically generalising these findings. Understanding social vulnerability is ultimately about understanding the particular geographical and social contexts in which it manifests. What drives social vulnerability in one place may play no role in another. Instead, vulnerability should be understood as a dynamic concept - "a product of specific spatial, socio-economic-demographic, cultural and institutional contexts" that intersect in everyday life.

The Oakland Hills story does highlight the need to better understand the drivers of vulnerability, in both affluent and less affluent societies, in order to create effective DRR strategies. Research we have begun in Zurich, Switzerland, aims to foster a better understanding of these issues.

This work, again, demonstrates that even in this generally very affluent city, major social disparities exist, with susceptible social groups often being geographically concentrated. In the case of a potential natural hazard, these pockets of vulnerable people are likely to be affected most.

Key knowledge for emergency services and risk managers

Regardless of official interest in poor or affluent societies, questions about the drivers of social vulnerability are of significant practical importance. Understanding which parts of society are susceptible to natural hazards, and why, is key knowledge for emergency services and risk managers.

Across all stages of the disaster cycle - preparedness, response, and recovery - knowledge about the nature and location of socially vulnerable groups is critical for effective DRR.

Before an event, knowing which groups have low levels of preparedness is essential for planning tailored risk communication and support initiatives. During a disaster, information on vulnerable groups can help to increase the effectiveness of response measures, for example, by establishing priorities during evacuations.

Finally, an in-depth understanding of vulnerability can be used to support disadvantaged social groups during the recovery process.

The ConversationTogether, these measures can make an important contribution to reducing disaster risk under very different socio-economic circumstances.

Florian Roth, Senior Researcher at the Center for Security Studies (CSS), Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich; Christine Eriksen, Senior Research Fellow, Australian Centre for Cultural Environmental Research, University of Wollongong, and Tim Prior, Senior Research Fellow, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.

          Sri Lanka, India to set up solar unit soon   
Sri Lanka will soon kick-start the process of setting up a solar power plant in eastern port town Trincomalee after discussions with India, which is partnering the Government in the initiative. “The next step would be to undertake a feasibility study and do the groundwork,” spokesman of the Ministry of Power and Renewable Energy Sulakshana Jayawardena told The Hindu on… Read More
          SLAF sends first replacement aviation unit under UN mission to South Sudan   
The first replacement group of the Sri Lanka Air Force (SLAF) Aviation Unit under the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) left the country on Tuesday (27th June), Air Force media said. The group of 56 SLAF personnel departed the country from the Bandaranaike International Airport for the annual changing of first group personnel left June… Read More
          Offer - Sri Lanka Matrimonial Service - SRI LANKA   
Find the best mangala yojana and unique Sri Lanka Matrimonial Service. Lankamarriage is expanding the opportunities to find ultimate life partner.Contact UsAddressLankamarriage, Color Adz PVT.LTD, NO: 528/26, Kirulapona,Colombo 05.Emailslankamarriage1@gmail.comMore infromation = http://lankamarriage.com/directory/
          news for sri lanka   

          News For Sri Lanka   

          India offers help to Sri Lanka's Northern province - The Hindu   

India offers help to Sri Lanka's Northern province
The Hindu
India has expressed willingness to further partner Sri Lanka's Northern Provincial administration in development initiatives, emphasising the need for a clear economic programme identifying specific areas. Indian High Commissioner Taranjit Singh Sandhu ...

and more »

          Mire ton helps Zimbabwe script famous win - Wisden India   

Wisden India

Mire ton helps Zimbabwe script famous win
Wisden India
... one-year suspended ban and a fine earlier this week after being found guilty of insulting Jayasekera by comparing him to a “monkey”. All this, after Sri Lanka crashed out in the group stage of the Champions Trophy 2017 despite a remarkable win over ...
Zimbabwe's historic win over Sri Lanka takes Twitter by stormThe Indian Express

all 148 news articles »

          India vs West Indies: Jason Holder and Co should draw inspiration from Zimbabwe's win and play with gusto - Firstpost   


India vs West Indies: Jason Holder and Co should draw inspiration from Zimbabwe's win and play with gusto
If Windies, the ninth-ranked ODI team, needed some inspiration ahead of a must-win encounter against India, they shouldn't look any further than Zimbabwe. The Graeme Cremer-led side beat Sri Lanka by chasing down 317 with six wickets in hand, in their ...
PM Narendra Modi Inspires Rockstar Ravindra JadejaNews18
Form India seek unassailable lead over West IndiesLeicester Post

all 361 news articles »

          Mathews blames sloppy fielding for another defeat   
Three catches were dropped during the innings - two of them off top-scorer Solomon Mire - as Sri Lanka failed to defend a target of 317
          Mire's maiden ton scripts record chase   
Solomon Mire's belligerent 112 and half-centuries from Sean Williams and Sikandar Raza helped Zimbabwe run down Sri Lanka's 316 and register the highest successful chase by any team in the country
          Sri Lanka's Chamari Athapaththu warns England: 'I batted like Sangakkara'    
          Crunching the Numbers: What is the real export benefit of GSP Plus to Sri Lanka?   

Sri Lanka’s overall exports to the European Union (EU) can increase by US$ 480 million – almost 15 per cent on average – from current earnings of US$ 3,275 million to US$ 3,756 million, as a result of regaining the GSP Plus benefit, according to preliminary estimates using a partial equilibrium model. The estimation is

The post Crunching the Numbers: What is the real export benefit of GSP Plus to Sri Lanka? appeared first on Nation.

          SriLankan slips 14 places in world airline ranking   

Sri Lanka’s national carrier SriLankan Airlines has dropped 14 places from 67th last year to 81st in 2017, a latest global airline ranking indicated. The rankings were announced at the World Airline Awards held at Paris last week by Skytrax which is a global air travel guide for airline reviews and ratings. The awards, described

The post SriLankan slips 14 places in world airline ranking appeared first on Nation.

          Ceylinco Life Life Fund passes Rs 80 billion   

The Life Fund of Ceylinco Life crossed Rs 80 billion in May 2017, making it the fastest-growing Life Fund in the local industry, the company announced last week. The company said this milestone was achieved in a little more than 29 years of operation, a feat as yet unmatched in Sri Lanka. To reach Rs

The post Ceylinco Life Life Fund passes Rs 80 billion appeared first on Nation.

          “The Wedding Show” this month   

The Wedding Show 2017,’ considered the most prestigious wedding exhibition in Sri Lanka celebrates its 10th anniversary this year. This glamourous event titled ‘‘It’s Your Wedding’ is organised by Asia Exhibition and Conventions with the experts and professionals in the wedding industry. It will be held from 21-23 July at the Sirimavo Bandaranaike Memorial Exhibition

The post “The Wedding Show” this month appeared first on Nation.

          Codi'n fore i nos Awstralia   
Dwi'n gwylio ffeinal dynion yr Australian Open yn stafell deledu'r Coleg ar hyn o bryd, rhwng Novak Djokovic a Jo-Wilfried Tsonga.

Dwi'n hoff iawn o wylio chwaraeon ar y teledu boed yn bêl-droed (bûm yn gwylio Wigan 1 - 2 Chelsea ddoe), rygbi, tenis, dartiau neu unrhywbeth arall dan haul. Un o occupational hazards gwylio llawer o chwaraeon i'r fath raddau â dwi'n gwneud yw bod rhaid bod yn effro pan mae pawb arall yn cysgu. Dwi ddim fel arfer yn codi am 8 ar fore dydd Sul ond pan fydd gwylio 'digwyddiad' chwaraeon yn y fantol, fyddai allan o'r gwely ar amserau rhyfeddol.

Criced o Awstralia a Sri Lanka, bocsio o Las Vegas, a'r Gemau Olympaidd o bob cwr o'r byd. Mae na ryw atyniad tuag at y teimlad 'roeddwn i yno'-aidd ynof i a dwi'n siwr mai hynny sydd wrth wraidd yr arferiad rhyfedd yma sydd gen i.

Roeddwn i yno! Ar fy soffa! Pan enillodd Mayweather yn erbyn Hatton

Ydi hi'n gwneud gwahaniaeth i unrhywun heblaw amdana i os fues i'n gwylio rowndiau terfynol dynion yr US Open am y tair mlynedd diwethaf neu os fues i'n gwylio Shane Warne yn bowlio ei belawd olaf yn Awstralia? A fydd gan yr wyrion a'r wyresau unrhyw ddiddordeb mewn clywed straeon amdana i yn gwylio gem olaf Tim Henman erioed neu Awstralia yn adennill y Lludw gyda whitewash yn 2007?

Felly pam aros yn effro tra bod rhai eraill yn cysgu a pam ysgrifennu am y peth?

Y geek hanesyddol sy'n siarad, dwi'n meddwl. Dwi'n ddigon o geek i fod eisiau gwylio bob eiliad o ornest ac hefyd yn ddigon o hanesydd i fod eisiau cofio'r union ganlyniadau a'r union brofiadau mewn blynyddoedd i ddod. Beth bynnag fo'r rheswm, mae cyfres undydd Seland Newydd vs Lloegr ar y radio drwy'r nos cyn bo hir ...
          Curtis Welling   

As the chief executive of AmeriCares, one of the planet's premiere philanthropies, Curtis Welling oversees the distribution every year of hundreds of millions of dollars worth of medical supplies and services to the poverty-stricken and war-torn pockets of the Third World, but also to poor Americans at clinics in the Unites States.

The 59-year-old Welling, who has been running the private nonprofit since 2002, is doing good after doing well, having spent a quarter century accumulating a fortune on Wall Street (and getting to know Bernie Madoff in the bargain).

"He was just a very hard-driving, successful, creative equity business guy," Welling told Portfolio.com about his former colleague in an exclusive interview from AmeriCares' Connecticut headquarters. "I never had any reason to question any of his business principles.... I suspect what happened here was he had a trading strategy that went bad fairly early on in the game, and he just kept trying to trade his way out of it and it got worse and worse and worse."

Lloyd Grove: Let me begin by wishing you a Merry Christmas and a happy holiday.

Curt Welling: Thank you very much and the same to you. It's obviously an interesting holiday season.

L.G.: It is. I'm looking at your annual report and year over year, 2007 to 2008, you had a pretty significant uptick in donations, mainly in-kind but also cash and securities. What's going to happen next year, given the financial meltdown?

C.W.: I guess I would say a couple of things. 2008 was a high-water mark year in many ways for us as you suggested, and the image of 2008 gets smaller and smaller in the rearview mirror with each passing day. I'm sort of looking at it fondly the way one looks at a quaint little town one's driven through as one heads down the road to some unknown but perhaps less hospitable destination.

L.G.: Watch out for that 18-wheeler overturned on the highway, Curt!

C.W.: Exactly. We don't know what the road's going to be like, don't know what the traffic's going to be like, and don't know what the weather's going to be like. The period we're in right now is obviously the period of maximum uncertainty. It's uncertain because we're in the transition to the new administration, because we're uncertain with respect to who the leadership is going to be in the new administration, we're uncertain what their policy priorities are going to be—we're uncertain about what the economic environment is going to be. And so we're reflecting that uncertainty in everything we're doing here to think about how we're going to deal with 2008. It seems to be a virtual certainty that charitable contributions and philanthropy will be down this year as they only have been a few times since the Depression, and everybody's wrestling with the question of how much. The problem that creates for us is that we're in the season when typically philanthropy would be at its peak for individuals. And, as you know, AmeriCares is entirely supported by private entities—individuals, foundations, and corporations. We don't take any money from the government, so our uncertainty is a little more complicated than some other people in our space.

L.G.: Do you think you'll be affected at all by the Bernie Madoff debacle?

C.W.: I think it's part of the frame, isn't it. I don't know of any particular donors to AmeriCares who have had their wealth managed by Bernie Madoff.

L.G.: "Managed." That's a very charitable term.

C.W.: Yeah. I know Bernie. In my previous incarnation, a long time ago, I had the opportunity to spend some time with him.

L.G.: Is that when you were working for that quaint little town called Bear Stearns?

C.W.: It was actually before that—that quaint little town called First Boston. And this is just incredibly sad on a whole bunch of levels. This is going to sound like a funny thing to say, he doesn't need any defense from me, but I don't think he started out to create a criminal enterprise. I think he's like a lot of people that find themselves doing something they shouldn't do, and rather than deal with the consequences at the beginning when they might be trivial, he tries to figure out a way to bury them, and make things right and it just gets out of hand. And obviously this got out of hand in a spectacular way, but I don't think there's anything that's going to affect AmeriCares particularly as a result of that. We didn't have any money with them. I'm sure there may be some of our donors that had money with them, but I doubt very many. So this is just another odd picture in what is becoming sort of an odd montage this year. And I don't think anybody has a lot of conviction of exactly where it's going to come out.

L.G.: You got to know him when you were at First Boston. Give me your sense of the guy, and in what capacity was First Boston doing business with him?

C.W.: I was running the equity business and he was running a very significant over-the-counter brokerage business. We worked in the same industry together, and his firm was well known to be one of the most aggressive and successful over-the-counter trading firms. He was very creative. He was actively involved in creating the Cincinnati Stock Exchange as an alternative execution venue to the New York Stock Exchange. There's a lot of inside baseball here, but there was a time when you could only trade New York Stock Exchange stocks on the New York Stock Exchange, so when people were looking for ways to make money, create different execution forums, Bernie was very creative in developing the Cincinnati Stock Exchange as an alternative, and he was just a very hard-driving, successful, creative equity business guy. I never had any reason to question any of his business principles. His
firm was very a reputable, stand-up firm to deal with and they were a very big player in the over-the-counter securities market.

L.G.: I'm not a sophisticated investor. I have a 401(k) that, I have to admit, when the envelopes come with the statements in them, I can't even bear to open the envelopes anymore.

C.W.: That shows good judgment actually. My advice to you would be you take the envelopes and don't open them for about a year to 18 months. Everything will be fine then.

L.G.: So explain to me how ostensibly smart, knowledgeable, sophisticated people, including people who put their money with Madoff, thought it reasonable that in all kinds of market conditions, they should be getting 8 to 9 to 15 percent returns on their money year after year without deviation.

C.W.: Of course, it's why people like fairy tales, because they make you feel good even though you know they're not true. There's a quality in the investment community which is sort of like the willing suspension of disbelief—that everybody wants to believe that someone's found the ability to repeal the laws of gravity. And so, when people
are ratified by the stature of other investors who preceded them, they suspend their disbelief and their critical faculties because they want to believe and because they're a little greedy, and they go along. This is a spectacular example of a story that's older than the hills. The same phenomenon, you may recall, happened maybe 10 to 12 years ago with an amazing fundraising Ponzi scheme that had swept up, among other people, several senior partners at Goldman Sachs. I think John Whitehead might've been on the board of this organization where some fellow whose name I've forgotten, went around to a bunch of very high-profile charities and said, "I've got a great, committed group of investors who are social philanthropists who want to be anonymous, so if you give me $100,000, I'll give you back you $100,000 and 25 percent interest on it in six months."

L.G.: And the guy wasn't even Nigerian, huh?

C.W.: No, no, exactly. And that's the classic, the same thing. You don't have to have all the money, you just have to have enough money so you can keep giving people back money when you promise it. That's what Bernie did. And I'm not sure but I suspect what happened here was, he had a trading strategy that went bad fairly early on in the game, and he just kept trying to trade his way out of it, and it got worse and worse and worse.

L.G.: What about the enforcement agencies? How can you explain the Securities and Exchange Commission's complete falling down on the job?

C.W.: Well, I think you explain it by a complete failure of responsibility and incompetence. It's stunning to me. As people investigate this story, you're going to start reading all kinds of things about the fact there were a lot of professional investors who had reason to believe this was not a sound investment firm for a long time, that there was sort of a suspicion in the sophisticated investment community. You're starting to hear some of these people come forward who had actually done the due diligence who had raised exactly the question you're raising, so that information is all out there.

L.G.: And some of them had gone to the S.E.C. and said "Hey, take a look at this."

C.W.: Exactly, as far back as 1999.

L.G.: And an enforcement official at the S.E.C. was somehow related to Bernie by marriage.

C.W.: I don't know the family relationship, but I'm sure in part, Bernie got a pass because he was a member of the board of the N.A.S.D. [National Association of Securities Dealers], and he was a big figure on Wall Street and so on and so on. Of course, this is one of the things that happens in a protracted period of a growth and economic prosperity, and it's a reminder that the S.E.C. exists not to be chummy with people in the business, it exists to make sure people are doing what they're supposed to be doing. I don't think there's any way of sugarcoating this. This appears to be a complete breakdown of responsibility and competence at the S.E.C.

L.G.: Do you feel like by getting out of the business when you did, in the early part of the century, that you perhaps dodged a bullet?

C.W.: Well, I'm not sure. I obviously have 25 years' worth of friends who are involved in all kinds of organizations that are going through all kinds of pain, or have gone through pain and are out of business, and I'm not sure I have any sort of existential conclusions about all that. I would say that I think at its core, the investment banking business—capital raising and providing advice to companies and governments—is a worthy business. And the vast majority of people that did it have values and morals and integrity and so on. There is a clear sense in which this thing sort of spun out of control. It happened over a period of time, it didn't happen over the last couple months. If you go back and you trace the history of real estate lending in the United States and the creation of the subprime lending industry, it was aided and abetted by many of the same congressmen who are now raising demagoguery to a new level, and certainly aided and abetted by government institutions and banks. And everybody sort of had their hands in this pot. I think the period from the late '90s to today was a period where a sense of value and balance and some core values was lost in some ways. I had a great 25 years in the industry, I met many of the people I'm closest to as friends during that period of time, but part of the reason why I and I think other people have looked and continue to look for things to do beyond the securities industry is I think there is, for a lot of people, sort of a spiritually and morally empty prosperity that characterized Wall Street.

L.G.: Did you not believe in the tenet "Greed is good"?

C.W.: [Laughs] I'll give you two perspectives on that. "Greed" is obviously a pejorative word, but the more ennobling characterization of that is "initiative and aspiration to create prosperity for ones' self and ones' family," which is another way of characterizing greed, and it is what drives the fundamental free-enterprise system in an economic democracy. So the inherent human quality to aspire to be better off and to have one's family be better off is something I think is not only good but we rely on it in our form of government. The problem is that it needs to be bounded. Unfortunately the '90s and the first part of this century was a period in which we took down all the bumpers and the barriers and had this sort of slavish mantra that the market knows best. Well, the market doesn't know best. The market needs to be policed. The market does a spectacular job of allocating capital through a price-discovery mechanism, and it relies on the self interest and the aspirations—or the greed, if you will—of individuals to do that. But it needs limits and it needs boundaries, and all the people who were supposed to be maintaining the boundaries took the boundaries down. Then people did what people do when they don't have any boundaries.
L.G.: You once told a reporter, "There were no people more self-important than investment bankers, including me." What does that mean?

C.W.: I do recall saying it, and I think it's true. I'm not sure I would say today there are no people more self-important. I think there is occasionally the politician and the corporate executive that rises to that level. But this is the Michael Lewis observation that when you take relatively young people and you expose them to the perquisites that one normally associates with wealth and power, and you give them amounts of money which by any other social perspective are the result of either a lifelong pursuit of something or inherent wealth, then people become very self-important. It's the old story about the guy who wakes up on third base and assumes he hit a triple. There are an awful lot of people in the securities industry that got swept up with this rising tide, and somehow believed that they'd earned it or they'd done something to deserve it or that it meant they were somehow superior or more insightful. One of the things that is a particularly poignant element of the contraction of Wall Street is a lot of these people were swept up into a position where they didn't acquire any transferable skills. And it's a long step from that step down to the next step, where they actually have to go compete in the real marketplace to do something that someone will pay them a wage for. I'm not sure I'm ready to conclude that the industry is going to become humble.

L.G.: Perish the thought!

C.W.: A lot of the self-importance has been washed away with the multiple houses and the planes and those kinds of things. You know, Lloyd, you could've made a small fortune, perhaps a large fortune, if you had said 12 months ago that by the end of 2008 there would be no major American investment bank left in existence, which is the case. We have only bank holding companies.

L.G.: Tell a complete ignoramus how I would've acted upon that to make my large fortune?

C.W.: Well, first of all you could've bet on it economically through any number of ways, but you would've become a celebrity savant. That would've been like saying, "I guarantee there will be a cure for cancer in 2008." It was inconceivable that firms like Lehman Brothers, Bear Stearns, Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley would either go out of business or would become bank holding companies. Just inconceivable. It's still very hard for people to process, and I think it's hard for those organizations. You're seeing this in the aftermath of this October debacle. They're still sort of groping for modus operandi in this new, more-regulated, less-leveraged environment, which presents a completely different set of economic opportunities.

So at this point you don't envision AmeriCares as setting up free clinics for former Lehman Brothers employees?

C.W.: No, but if a Lehman Brothers employee without work, and without health insurance or was part of the working poor community in Connecticut, presented himself to our Norwalk or our Bridgeport or Danbury clinic, we'd give them the same quality of healthcare which we give to anyone else—and it's a very high quality indeed.

L.G.: Excellent. Tell me—at one point after you left your last position in business, and you were 51 years old, you were quoted somewhere as saying you were going to be working on polishing your golf game.

C.W.: That didn't last very long, as you'd well understand if you'd seen my golf game.

L.G.: You obviously made a decision that you'd made your fortune and that you were going to do something else. You were involved in your church. Tell me a little bit about your own process in terms of getting involved with AmeriCares.

C.W.: The seeds of this go back quite a while. I grew up in Rochester, New York, which is up on Lake Ontario and is certainly a more Midwestern community than it is a Northeastern community. And my parents and the people in our church and the people that we associated with had the old-fashioned value of community orientation and so on—the idea of being involved and the idea of philanthropy at some level. We didn't use that highfalutin term, it was just giving money to people who needed it. It was something that was always present in our family, so that was a fairly natural thing. So when I got to New York after graduate school, in fairly short order I began looking around for something to be involved in, became involved in a number of nonprofit organizations, one of which I'd chaired for 10 years, which is Spence Chapin, a spectacular adoption and child-service organization. I remember at one point, probably in the early '80s—I'd been pretty successful at First Boston at that point—I was up at Spence Chapin and we were doing some strategic work on setting up an adoption think tank. I went back to work thinking, Gee it would be fun to do this kind of thing full-time, and that was the first time I had the conscious thought that maybe at some point in the future, that would be a fun thing to do. That notion stayed with me and became more concrete as time went by, and I've said to a couple of people, everyone has a life list, whether it's well-defined and explicit or not, things you want to do. They made a movie out of this, with Morgan Freeman and Jack Nicholson.

L.G.: The Bucket List.

C.W.: The thing about having the list is you have to start doing the things or you have to cross them off. So when I left Société Générale, where I was responsible for their investment banking activities in the Americas. I think that is when I made that observation about polishing my golf game, and I was sort of thinking about what to do next, and I was seduced by the internet like a lot of other people at that time and went to run this wonderful bill-payments company in New Jersey. Then after September 11th, when the world turned upside down, I stepped back and said well, you've got to make another conscious decision of what to do. If you're serious about this, you either ought to pursue it or you ought to cross it off your list. So I started to do the discernment and the networking, the investigation one needs to do to make that kind of continental shift in career and focus, and through a wonderfully serendipitous process about a year later, I found AmeriCares and was fortunate enough to be offered this job.

L.G.: It's obviously a charitable organization. It has an amazing ratio of overhead versus money to actual services. I think you're under 2 percent or something like that.

C.W.: Just under 2 percent goes to overhead and the rest goes straight into the field.
L.G.: But explain to people who think of charitable organizations a certain way, why the C.E.O. of a charitable organization should be making $300,000 or whatever your last paycheck was. I saw $275,000 quoted in one story.

C.W.: That's right. That's the salary I got when I came here, and that's been my salary for the entire time I've been here. I think that the answer to that is pretty straightforward actually. Charitable organizations, whether they're churches or universities or humanitarian-aid organizations, need quality leadership in order to be well run and to be successful and to be good stewards of the money they get. And there's a marketplace for people who do that, there's a standard of compensation in that marketplace, and if you want to have a high-quality team in any organization, whether it's profit or nonprofit, you need to pay people what the market is for people to do what they do best.

L.G.: You mentioned that you were not quite clear on what the policies of the incoming administration are going to be. What are you not clear on? What would you like to have defined that would help you out in deciding where to allocate your resources?

C.W.: I'm not sure it'll have as much impact on us directly, because, like I said, we don't take any money from the government.

L.G.: Right, but presumably if they're doing something, you don't need to be terribly redundant, if they're taking care of an area you might otherwise feel compelled to fund.

C.W.: That's one aspect of it. The bigger aspect is that most of the large humanitarian-aid organizations in this country, from the American Red Cross to CARE to Save The Children and so on, get somewhere between 30 to 70 percent of their money from the U.S. government. So they're very concerned about what the foreign assistance priorities, policies, and budget allocation in the new administration will be. We're concerned more from the perspective of what's the playing field going to look like, what are their priorities going to be, how much money are they going to be devoting to areas like global health, what is their universal health-insurance program really going to be, that will be relevant to our free clinic program here in the United States, and what's their approach to the economy going to be? We're really much more dependent on the prosperity of individuals and corporations than lots of organizations, and so we have a vested interest in having tax policy be favorable to philanthropy, for example. We have a vested interest in having tax policy not be confiscatory to people that have wealth in the sense that the biggest individual philanthropists are the people who have accumulated the most wealth. Those are all things we're concerned about and interested in. What I meant by the uncertainty of policy priorities is we've got a lot of campaign rhetoric, but right now in the reality, where you're confronted with a trillion-dollar federal budget deficit and the worst economic situation since the Great Depression and I think the most complex economic situation in the history of the republic, there are going to be all kinds of unintended, unforeseeable effects on all kinds of entities. And certainly the not-for-profit world is going to be affected dramatically, foreign assistance of not-for-profit is going to be affected too. There is this uncertainty, and it will gradually resolve itself. I think the president-elect is doing a good job in managing the transition. I think he's done a good job in honoring his commitment to focus on competence rather than traditional politics. But being president of the United States is a political job, so he can't be completely free from that. The biggest uncertainty we're going to deal with in the next two months is fundraising. This is the time of the year when American charities raise 50 to 70 percent of their money. So we're spending a lot of time here coming up with contingency plans for what we'll do if our fundraising is down anywhere from 5 to 25 percent relative to last year.

L.G.: It seems like the bulk of your fundraising is in-kind contributions of goods and services.

C.W.: That's correct. The value proposition, the leverage in our operations, comes from the fact that AmeriCares is the world's largest recipient of quality donated medicines and medical supplies from all the world's great pharmaceutical and medical-supply companies. We have very good relationships with you-name-a-company and the odds are that they're a donor to us. And so we raise cash to allow us to deliver those medicines, medical supplies, and other health-oriented relief supplies to needy communities around the world and increasingly even in the United States.

L.G.: I see that about 20 percent of your work, delivery of services, is domestically in the United States.

C.W.: That's right, and that's actually been a program which has been growing in the last couple years. And we think we'll grow significantly in 2009, obviously subject to the overall economic climate. But the combination of the magnitude of the uninsured population and the consequences of the economic downturn have put very much greater demand on safety-net suppliers of health services. So free clinics, federally qualified clinics, so-called safety-net clinics that provide either no-cost or very-low-cost primary care to individuals as an alternative to going out into the emergency room. And we are supplying medicines and medical supplies to over 100 of those clinics in more than 30 states last year, and we expect there to be more demand for that this year.

L.G.: So you think that the domestic part of your mission will increase relative to the other parts?

C.W.: You know, it's the sad reality of the context in which we work, which is quite different than the for-profit world. If you're in the for-profit world, you spend all your time trying to figure out a product, and how you go capture a demand for your product. Here in a world where there are somewhere between 2 to 3 billion people that don't have access to medicine, the demand for what we do is essentially infinite. So, yes, I think we will do more in the United States, and whether that will be more relative to what we do outside the United States depends on how big the overall pie is. We're resource-constrained, based on that amount of cash donations we get as well as the amount of donated medicine we get.

L.G.: Do you raise money outside the United States?

C.W.: We do, but not very much. We don't have a staff which is focused other than anecdotally on people outside the United States.

L.G.: And it might be more difficult this time to shake down Prince Alwaleed bin Talal.

C.W.: Yeah, there was a lot more discussion about international philanthropy and generosity at 150 bucks a barrel than there is at 40 bucks a barrel. But, as you probably have seen, we opened earlier this year our first integrated program office outside the United States in Mumbai, India. We did that for a couple reasons. One is, India has become a very important site of manufacturing of pharmaceuticals and medical supplies, and it's located in such a way that strategically it allows us to get assistance to a part of the world which is very tough for us to get to from here economically. We'll be spending a lot of time trying to figure out how to raise money from wealthy individuals, companies, and foundations in India, but 98 percent of the money we raise, or maybe a little bit more, comes from the United States.
L.G.: How much of your time is allocated to raising money versus checking up on programs and administering the programs of AmeriCares?

C.W.: Right now it's a little higher percentage. As a general matter I probably spend one third to a half of my time either raising money or speaking with both corporate donors and individual donors, cultivating them and so on, and the rest of my time I would divide between sort of general management kinds of things and policy and strategy work.

L.G.: Are you on the road a lot going to far-flung places where AmeriCares is doing its work?

C.W.: Yeah, I probably travel to international locations half a dozen times a year. Just a few weeks ago I was in Indonesia and India, and then last week I was in El Salvador. I've got the plan that's coming in the New Year to be in Sri Lanka, again in India, probably a couple trips to Africa.

L.G.: You have some stuff going on in Darfur, do you not?

C.W.: We do. We've done now 11 airlifts of planes full of medicines, to supply the essential medicine requirements of the refugee camps in the three regions of Darfur. Darfur is, sadly, one of those things that the Western world pays attention to when it can afford to. I first flew there on the first airlift that we did in 2004, when I and most of the rest of the people in developed countries really didn't have any idea where Darfur was, and I remember having learned quite a lot about it. And I was flying in a plane of about 15 tons of medicine, and I remember thinking this is a horrific thing, but at least now that the world has focused on it, in the post-Rwanda environment where everybody says "never again," at least now that people are focused on it this will get solved relatively quickly. That was more than 100 tons and 10 airlifts ago, four years ago.

L.G.: Do you have any idea that because this incoming president has such a unique relationship with Africa that the situation might change?

C.W.: Well I think this is apropos of the conversation we were having earlier about a little bit of uncertainty. This is a good example. I think he has the potential to redefine in an important way the nature of the foreign policy relationship between the United States and Africa in a way that would be important for the United States and for Africa. Where that will rank on his priority list, which list also needs to include oh, Iraq, Afghanistan, China, Pakistan, India, the Middle East, and on and on, remains to be seen. There's a limit to the amount of power that the United States could project, just a practical limit, both financial and logistical. And there's a limit to the financial power that the United States can project at this time, and there's also a span of control set of issues. So I would like to see the president set engagement with the African Union as a high priority and set the resolution of Darfur as a high priority, as a signal of what the new relationship could be. I'd like to see that on political grounds but most importantly on humanitarian grounds. Whether that's something that will be on the list or not remains to be seen. This is going to sound like an odd analogy, but Darfur shares the willing suspension of disbelief that the Bernie Madoff situation shares. There are so many people with dirty hands that allow this atrocity to continue, including the United States, but not limited to the United States, to people who support the Sudanese regime for their economic reasons, most importantly the Chinese, the Russians, and on and on. And so what you have here is a manifest atrocity of the most despicable kind, where the people that are in the position of doing something about it, including the Africans, by the way, for their own reasons, have just chosen to turn away. So it's one of those rare moments when the true nature of human nature is revealed. Some of those are wonderful, and some of them are not. And this is one that is not.

L.G.: By the way, do you plan to be in Washington around the time of the inauguration?

C.W.: I don't. I plan to be as far away from Washington as I could possibly be and still see it on cable television.

L.G.: With all the traveling that you do, I have to think all your shots are up to date, but have you ever gotten hugely ill?

C.W.: No, I've been very fortunate. I travel with traveler's pharmacy. I travel with the range of things designed to get at bugs and bites and things like that. But I haven't ever been hugely ill. I've been around some people that have been pretty sick. One of the things that I greatly admire among the people who do the kind of work we do and the places we're doing it, is their willingness to subject themselves to healthcare conditions, living conditions, and physical risks that are really quite intense. You can't imagine that conceptually until you've actually slept under a mosquito net on the floor of a cement slab in the desert.

L.G.: Which you have done?

C.W.: I have done. In fact, one of the moments of greatest irony and cognitive dissonance for me was that Darfur trip in 2004, which was in October, so the Red Sox were playing the Cardinals in the World Series. And I watched about half of a game of the World Series under a mosquito net in the desert in Darfur on a satellite downlink

L.G.: That shows how loyal a Red Sox fan you must be.

C.W.: It also tells you something about how interesting the world has become from a connection and a communications standpoint. You can imagine the dissonance that creates.

L.G.: Indeed. Let's say there are normal people out there who are moved by your mission. You take contributions of any size, right?

C.W.: In fact, one of the things that's the great strength of AmeriCares is over 27 years we have a very large and dedicated donor base. We have over 10,000 people who give us gifts on average of $50 to $60 to $70 a year.

L.G.: Do you think you've learned anything from the Obama fundraising operation?

C.W.: Well, it's pretty clear that all gift-supported organizations are spending a lot of time thinking about social networking and the power of the internet to create communities, so we're certainly trying to learn as much of that as we can. It's an area where my prediction is, like a lot of things having to do with the internet, the rhetoric will precede the reality for some considerable period of time. But there's no question that internet-based fundraising and community-building is going to be a very important part of all nonprofit organizations going forward.

L.G.: What's your Christmas wish or your holiday wish for the coming year?

C.W.: That's a terrific question. I guess my holiday wish would be for a smooth transition to what I think has the potential to be a new era in the American experiment, and for there to be a return to the kind of aspirationally based politics that characterized this country maybe up through the '60s, maybe up to the Nixon administration, and the turning away of the partisan attack element that we see manifest in so much of the society.

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          Update on number of dengue fever cases   
     The Centre for Health Protection (CHP) of the Department of Health today (June 30) reported the latest number of cases of dengue fever (DF), and again urged the public to maintain strict environmental hygiene, mosquito control and personal protective measures both locally and during travel.

     From June 23 to 29, the CHP recorded four confirmed cases. The patients had been to Thailand (two cases) and multiple countries (two cases, who had been to Myanmar and Thailand, and the Philippines and Cambodia) during the incubation period.

     As of yesterday (June 29), the 48 imported DF cases recorded so far in 2017 were mainly imported from Thailand (16), followed by Sri Lanka (seven), Indonesia and the Philippines (five each). No local cases have been recorded so far this year.

     Dengue remains endemic in some areas in Asia. In 2017, 16 790 cases were recorded in Thailand, 1 411 in Singapore and 81 in Japan (since January 2).

     In the rainy season, the public should take heed of the following advice on mosquito control:
  • Thoroughly check all gully traps, roof gutters, surface channels and drains to prevent blockage;
  • Scrub and clean drains and surface channels with an alkaline detergent compound at least once a week to remove any deposited mosquito eggs;
  • Properly dispose of refuse, such as soft drink cans, empty bottles and boxes, in covered litter containers;
  • Completely change water of flowers and plants at least once a week. The use of saucers should be avoided if possible;
  • Level irregular ground surfaces before the rainy season;
  • Avoid staying in shrubby areas; and
  • Take personal protective measures such as wearing light-coloured long-sleeved clothes and long trousers and apply insect repellent containing DEET to clothing or uncovered areas of the body when doing outdoor activities.
     To reduce the risk of infections spread by mosquitoes, apart from general measures, travellers returning from affected areas should apply insect repellent for 14 days (DF) or at least 21 days (Zika Virus Infection) upon arrival in Hong Kong. If feeling unwell, seek medical advice promptly and provide travel details to the doctor. DEET-containing insect repellents are effective and the public should take heed of the tips below:  
  • Read carefully the label instructions first;
  • Apply right before entering an area with risk of mosquito bites;
  • Apply on exposed skin and clothing;
  • Use DEET of up to 30 per cent for pregnant women and up to 10 per cent for children;
  • Apply sunscreen first, then insect repellent; and
  • Re-apply only when needed and follow the instructions.

     The public may refer to the CHP's tips for using insect repellents for details.
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          A Guide to Sri Lankan Trains   

Sri Lankan rail tracks are popularly known for being one of the most scenic rail routes in the world. Traveling by train is probably the most comfortable and affordable way to trip and explore the beauty of Sri Lanka, particularly because the wonderful surroundings. Although may be a little time consuming, a train trip will […]

The post A Guide to Sri Lankan Trains appeared first on Pulse.

          No tiene brazos y no puede caminar, pero con el pie teclea y dibuja postales sobre el amor de Dios    

«Dios me enseñó a usar mis pies como manos», dice

No tiene brazos y no puede caminar, pero con el pie teclea y dibuja postales sobre el amor de Dios

Se llama Dulanjali Ariyathilake, tiene 17 años, es una joven alegre, buena estudiante y quiere ser diseñadora gráfica. 

En cuanto nació, al verla sin brazos y con unas piernas deformes, cortísimas, su padre la entregó a un centro católico para discapacitados. 

Allí ella ha crecido y ha aprendido a usar sus pies como si fueran manos. No le sirven para caminar, vive en la silla de ruedas, pero ha conseguido darles otro uso.

"Dios me enseñó a usar mis piernas y mis pies como si fuesen mis propias manos. Con los dedos del pie izquierdo puedo sostener lápices, bolígrafos y usar el ordenador", explica Dulanjali, muy satisfecha.

Le gusta el diseño gráfico, y con el ordenador y sus habilidades de dibujo puede diseñar postales de felicitación, llenas de alegría, optimismo, y a menudo con mensajes sobre el amor de Dios.

"Soy así, soy feliz con mi vida, con el amor que he recibido de la gente que quiero, aprendiendo cosas nuevas cada día", declara a la agencia AsiaNews. ¿Y quién le ha dado ese amor a esta niña abandonada? 

Se refiere a la gente del centro Sri Marc para discapacitados en Karukurunda (Sri Lanka), una iniciativa católica que desde hace 30 años aloja y acoge discapacitados, niños y adultos, organizados en 11 alojamientos. Allí todos la llaman "doni" (hija) y la directora del centro, "mamá" Rita Perera, está encantada con Dulanjali y espera que pueda completar la carrera de diseñadora gráfica. De hecho, ella firma sus postales como Doni.

"Estoy contenta de que mi padre me entregase a mamá Rita", explica la joven. "De otra forma no habría tenido tantas oportunidades para mejorar mi vida. Me siento afortunada de haber recivido el amor de mamá Rita y papá Julian". "Papá Julian" es el padre Julian Tissera, director espiritual del centro.

"A veces me entristece mirarme y ver a mis amigos", admite Dulanjali. "Ellos son hermosos, y me ayudan mucho en la escuela. Pero esta tristeza no dura. Pienso en las cosas buenas de mi vida, los dones, talentos y oportunidades que Dios me da. Siempre intento disfrutar de las mejores cosas de la vida. Y quiero lo mismo para mis hermanos y hermanas más jóvenes (los otros residentes). Siempre deberíamos intentar ver todo lo que recibimos que es hermoso, y ser nosotros mismos".

Fuente: Religión en libertad

          The ‘slightly different’ Alpine festival   
Aymann, a Syrian refugee, deftly flips his opponent into the sawdust. But the opponent just manages to turn and land on his stomach rather than his back, which would have meant losing. Urged on by the audience, Aymann tries to turn him over but can’t. Both begin to laugh. They stand up and try again.  Swiss wrestling, known as Schwingen, is one of the many customs that the church charity HEKS wants to introduce to refugees from Syria, Afghanistan, Eritrea or Sri Lanka who live in Switzerland.  Swiss traditions are explained and passed by professionals and well-known figures, for example champion wrestlers, alphorn players and yodellers.  The highlight of this campaign took place on June 17, National Refugee Day in Switzerland: an old-school Alpine festival outside Bern train station. People yodelled, threw flags, played traditional card game Jass and blew alphorns.  The 700 or so visitors celebrated not only old Swiss traditions, but also intercultural dialogue and solidarity. 
          Mire's maiden ton scripts record chase   
GALLE - A belligerent 112 from Solomon Mire set Zimbabwe on track, Sean Williams' 65 provided stability, and Sikandar Raza's sparkling 67 not out laid out the finishing touches as a fearless Zimbabwe ran down Sri Lanka's score of 316 to make history in Galle. Not only was this Zimbabwe's first ODI victory against Sri Lanka on the island, it was also the first time any team successfully pursued a ...
           im Regelfall ist er aber bei 500-1500 Metern zu    
im Regelfall ist er aber bei 500-1500 Metern zu finden. Durch Kultivierung ist er nun aber auch in vielen anderen L?ndern zu finden so zB. auf Sri Lanka wo der Anbau sehr erfolgreich ist. Anbau: Die Samen werden in beschattete Saatbete gedr?ckt, wenn die S?mlinge ungef?hr Handgro? sind werden sie umgepflanzt. Der Abstand zwischen den Pflanzen sollte etwa 1,5 Meter betragen. Die Pflanze stellt an den Boden wenig Anspr?che, nur kalkhaltige sollte sie nicht sein. Ansonsten braucht die Pflanze eine hohe Luftfeuchtigkeit und recht viel W?rme, sie vertr?gt keinen Frost, ist aber dennoch eine Schattenliebende Pflanze. Wird die Pflanze nicht regelm??ig abgeerntet, so wird sie Baumartig, aber diese Bl?tter einer solchen Pflanze enthalten weniger Wirkstoffe. Inhaltsstoffe: Je nach herkunft liegt ein Alkaloidgehalt von 0,5%-2,5% vor. Hauptalkaloide sind das Kokain und Cuscohygrin. Daneben kommen noch etliche Nebenalkaloide darin vor, vom Gesamtalkaloidgemisch macht das Kokain etwa 75% aus. Droge: Frische oder getrocknete Bl?tter. Ernte: Die erste Ernte der Bl?tter geschieht etwa 18 Monate nach der Keimung. In Regenzeiten kann etwa alle 50-60Tage erneut geerntet werden, in Trockenzeiten nur alle 3-4 Monate. Es macht nichts wenn alle Bl?tter abgeerntet werden, die Pflanze treibt schnell wieder aus. Jedoch sollten Erntezeiten eingehalten werden,d a die Pflanze sonst Baumartig wird und sich der Alkaloidgehalt verringert. Dosierung: Je nach Wunsch des Konsumenten Einnahmeform: Die frischen wie getrockneten Bl?tter k?nnen zu einem Tee gekocht werden, h?ufiger ist jedoch das Auskauen der frischen Bl?tter ?blich. Wirkung: Kokakauen scheint den Blutzuckerspiegel im Gleichgewicht zu halten, ein zu hoher Blutzuckerspiegel wird gesenkt und ein zu niedriger steigt an. Es wirkt auch bei ben?tigter Ausdauer in gro?en H?hen positiv, die Sauerstoffaufnahme bei d?nner Luft, bedingt durch die H?he, wird verbessert. Es bet?ubt ebenfalls die Magennerven dadurch wirkt es Hungerd?mpfend, ebenfalls kann es je nach Menge zu einer stimmulierung kommen, sprich eine gesteigerte Wachheit, ?ber Stimmungsaufhellung bis Euphorie, dazu kommt oft eine aphrodisierende Wirkung. Nebenwirkungen: Beim Kauen wie beim Tee d?rfte es kaum zu Nebenwirkungen kommen, es hei?t Dauergebrauch beim Kauen k?nne impotent machen. Marktformen und Vorschriften: Die Gesamte Pflanze, inklusive der Samen fallen unter das BtmG und k?nnen somit nicht legal erworben werden. Der Kokatee ist allerdings in einigen L?ndern wie Peru im Supermarkt im selben Regal zu finden wie der Pfefferminztee. Muscimol - Ibotens?ure Muscimol: Summenformel: C4H6O2N2 Chemische Bezeichnung(en): 5-(aminomethyl)-3-2H-isoxazolone ; 3-hydroxy-5-aminomethyl-isoxazol Stoffklasse: Aminos?uren, Isoxazolderivate Ibotens?ure: Summenformel: C5H6O4N2 Chemische Bezeichnung(en): a-amino-2,3-dihydro-3-oxo-5- isoxazole-aceticAcid Stoffklasse: Aminos?uren Vorkommend in: -Amanita muscaria -Amanit
          Zim win in record chase   
Zimbabwe 322 for 4 (Mire 112, Raza 67*, WIlliams 65, Gunaratne 2-45) beat Sri Lanka 316 for 5 (Mendis 86, Tharanga 79*, Gunathilaka 60, Chatara 2-49) by six wickets A BELLIGERENT 112 from Solomon Mire set Zimbabwe on track, Sean Williams’ 65 provided stability, and Sikandar Raza’s sparkling 67 not out laid out the finishing...
          Congratulations #10: Rebecca Darley, ‚Self, Other and the Use and Appropriation of Late Roman coins in south India and Sri Lanka (4th-7th centuries A.D.)‘, in H. Ray (ed.) Negotiating Cultural Identity: Landscapes in Early Medieval South Asian History, London and New Delhi: Routledge, 2015, 60-84   
Congratulations to Rebecca Darley on the publication of a chapter examining the spatial relationships of Byzantine coins in South India and Sri Lanka, both to the landscape and to their own micro-contexts. The chapter forms part of a volume of … Weiterlesen
          Zimbabwe stun Lanka   
Solomon Mire smashed his maiden one-day century on Friday to take Zimbabwe to a historic six wicket win over Sri Lanka and pile pressure on the beleaguered Asian nation.
          CRICKET: Gloucestershire sign Sri Lankan star Thisara Perera for T20 Blast competition   
Gloucestershire sign Sri Lankan star
          Controlling elephants in Sri Lanka   
Elephants are a problem for farmers in Sri Lanka. Sounds of dominant females have young male elephants running for the hills.
          Disasters, funds, and policy: Creatively meeting urgent needs and long-term policy goals   

Photo: tro-kilinochchi / Flickr

[[tweetable]]When it comes to responding to disasters, time is of the essence.[[/tweetable]] Help needs to come immediately to save lives; recovery and reconstruction have to start swiftly to lessen the impact.

However, while money is critical to this response, it’s not just about funding. Indeed, funds need to match the event scale, target the right areas and sectors, and smoothly flow to communities in need. But in order for that to happen, sound public policy on risk and frameworks have to be in place.  

To address both urgent financial needs while pursing strategic disaster risk management policy goals, countries have been using the World Bank’s development policy loan with a catastrophe deferred drawdown option or, more widely known as the Cat DDO.  

The loan provides quick liquidity when an eligible disaster event occurs. Governments can rapidly draw on funds either in full amount or in parts and repay later under agreed terms. For example, Sri Lanka accessed over US$100 million for recovery efforts after floods and landslides in May 2016.

The Cat DDO is more than just emergency lending. Along having a sound macro-economic environment, countries wanting to access this innovative financial instrument also agree to advance specific policy actions that strengthen disaster risk management. In the Philippines, for example, Cat DDO is helping to improve building codes and other policy actions to strengthen the resilience of critical infrastructure. In Latin America, policy dialogue and technical work related to Cat DDOs have contributed to the development of a range of sophisticated risk financing instruments.

Tailored to country needs, this instrument has proved popular among middle-income countries. Between 2008 and 2017, 15 such loans were approved worth US$2.345 billion.
Now, with the latest replenishment of the International Development Association (IDA)’s concessional financing, Cat DDOs are also available to low-income countries eligible for IDA funding.

Photo: European Union, European Development Days, EU, June 2017
Country representatives, World Bank staff, and experts discuss the policy features of the Cat DDO. 
Photo: European Union, European Development Days, June 2017
This is good news for communities at risk. As low-income countries are likely to face increased risks due to climate change, rapid urbanization, and fragility and conflict, investing in disaster and climate resilience is an urgent task to protect people and assets. Moreover, research shows that women, the poor, and vulnerable disproportionately bear the brunt of disaster impacts. [[tweetable]]Better response and preparedness can help lessen disaster impact and preserve development gains.[[/tweetable]]

About this series
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Saint Lucia, Haiti, Kenya, Cabo Verde, and Maldives are already considering Cat DDO credits.  In doing so, they are looking at experience from previous operations which highlights the added value of the instrument such as:
  • Cat DDOs provide immediate liquidity, with countries being able to access funds within 48 hours.
  • Cat‐DDOs help drive the implementation of policy reforms, monitoring outputs, and linking them to sectoral investments.
  • Defining Cat‐DDO policy actions brings together stakeholders across different ministries and agencies enabling disaster risks to be addressed in a comprehensive manner.
  • The instrument provides an opportunity to elevate disaster issues to oversight agencies, such as finance, budget, and economic planning which may not otherwise be engaged in the policy dialogue.
  • CAT DDOs help raise awareness of broader concepts of disaster risk management, and support governments in the process of defining their national risk reduction strategy.
Some of these aspects were discussed at a recent side event at the World Reconstruction Conference 3 / European Development Days. There, representatives from Serbia explained how after floods in 2014, the CAT DDO became a vehicle for policy change helping them to move away from a reactive to a proactive risk management approach in matter of years. Seychelles’ observations struck a note with the Pacific Island nation of Tonga: quick access to funding is particularly important for countries where geographic isolation poses an additional burden in the recovery process.
As low-income countries work to strengthen their disaster readiness in the years to come, the Cat DDO can play a major role linking the disasters, funds, and policy to ensure that urgent needs are met while long-term policy goals are reached.

Joaquin Toro, Doekle Geert Wielinga, and Suranga Sooriya Kumara Kahandawa contributed to this blog post.

Read more blog posts from the third World Reconstruction Conference. 

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          Expediente no resuelto Discovery Max Lluvia alienigena   

Expediente no resuelto: Lluvia alienigen, Beach boom y el manuscrito de Voynic. Lluvia alienígena – Sri Lanka 2012. Una bola de fuego en el cielo es seguida días después por un misterioso aguacero de lluvia roja. Durante la búsqueda de una explicación racional, los investigadores encuentran evidencia de extrañas células vivas sin comparación terrenal. ¿Es esta […]

La entrada Expediente no resuelto Discovery Max Lluvia alienigena aparece primero en Documentales online gratis en español sin cortes.

          7/1/2017: Cricket: The rest of Berry’s top 40   
11 Ricky Ponting Australia 12 Virender Sehwag India 13 Muttiah Muralitharan Sri Lanka 14 Curtly Ambrose West Indies 15 Dale Steyn South Africa 16 Dennis Lillee Australia 17 Allan Border Australia 18 Kapil Dev India 19 Glenn Mcgrath...
          7/1/2017: Cricket: England will be wary of repeat shock, says Knight   

Sri Lanka’s Chamari Athapaththu has warned England she feels right at home here following her magnificent, though ultimately futile, 178 against Australia on Thursday. England are heavy favourites for their group stage game against Sri Lanka at...
          Extension of Saudi amnesty for illegal residents is welcomed   
Sat, 2017-07-01 03:00

RIYADH: The decision to extend Saudi Arabia’s amnesty for violators of residence and employment regulations has been widely welcomed, as it gives people one more chance to leave the Kingdom without penalty.
The General Directorate of Passports (GDP) on Thursday announced that a 90-day amnesty period, launched on March 29 under the “A Nation Without Violations” campaign, is being extended for another 30 days, effective from June 25.
It applies to people of all nationalities, and allows those staying illegally in the Kingdom to leave voluntarily without facing legal action.
The decision was taken to enforce a national campaign to track and control violators of residence, employment and border-security systems. It gives violators the opportunity to leave the Kingdom at their own expense, while allowing them to return later by legal process.
Mohammed Azizuddin, an Indian businessman and volunteer who helped several illegal workers during the 90-day amnesty, welcomed the decision to extend its duration.
“It is indeed good news for the overstaying Indian friends,” he said.
Ali Thamby, a Sri Lankan national working in Riyadh as an accountant who has done social work in his community, appreciated the move by the Saudi government.
“It came as a sigh of relief to many illegally staying workers, especially those who started the procedure to return home by taking the benefit of the 90-day grace period announced earlier, but could not complete the paperwork in time for some technical reason,” Thamby said. “Now they can do it in extended time to leave the Kingdom to avoid the legal action.”
Mohammed Mohsin, a Bangladeshi worker in Riyadh, described the decision as a golden opportunity for illegal workers who could not complete their paperwork to leave the Kingdom earlier.
The 30-day extension of the amnesty period is in line with directives of Minister of Interior Prince Abdul Aziz bin Saud bin Naif, according to Director General of Passports Maj. Gen. Sulaiman bin Abdul Aziz Al-Yahya.
Al-Yahya, according to the Saudi Press Agency (SPA), urged all illegal expats who were not able to benefit from the previous grace period, as well as those who completed the procedures but were not able to depart, to immediately visit one of the reception centers to complete the necessary process.

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          Salam Park — a rendezvous for fun in the capital   
Fri, 2017-06-30 02:56

RIYADH: Salam Park, located in the heart of the capital, is a rendezvous for residents and visitors to Riyadh during the Eid holidays.
Located south of the Governance Palace on Tariq bin Ziyad Street, it is one of the finest and newest parks in the city. It features a large lake with fairytale lighting and fountains, a range of playgrounds, green spaces and recreational areas.
Previously, the park was a privately owned farm known for its date palms, encompassing a residential estate, various buildings and a mosque more than 70 years old. Due to the strategic location of the farm and the need for parks and open areas, it was expropriated and converted to what has come to be known as Salam Park.
Spread over an area of 312,000 square meters, Salam Park is one of the most popular destinations in Riyadh, especially on weekends when families head there to spend quality time together.
Abdul Cader, who was visiting the park with his daughter and wife, told Arab News that it represents a natural spots in the busy city. He said he often meets many of his friends who come to spend their evenings in the park.
“It is not only very popular but also a perfect destination, especially during holidays with family and friends. Being a major attraction in the capital, many people head to the park, which has the best-kept facilities of any public park,” Iffat Aabroo, a regular visitor, adding that quite often she comes to the park with her kids to enjoy leisure time.
Syed Hamid, a Sri Lankan executive, said: “Salam Park has become the first choice for park-goers. It is such a wonderful place with a huge lake and a boating facility. During Eid holidays and weekends, we see the park filled to capacity.
It is ideally suited for families with children, where they can play to their hearts’ content… Salam Park is living up to its name — peace — best suited for family picnics.”

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          Comment on Recipe: Sri Lankan King Prawn Curry by Get your documents written perfectly   
<strong>Best Editing Service</strong> The amount of written content has been growing exponentially recently, and it's no wonder. For students, writing is an inseparable part of college and university assignments; for businesses, online publishing is a way to reach customers. The need for…
          Turning Away from the Paris Agreement is Unpresidential — and Bad for America   

Turning Away from the Paris Agreement is Unpresidential — and Bad for America

A version of this article was originally posted on Devex.com.

At least since John F. Kennedy’s Alliance for Progress, U.S. presidents have recognized the American interest in promoting prosperity in the developing world. President Donald Trump's pulling out of the Paris Agreement abdicates U.S. leadership in addressing the greatest threat to development of our time: Climate change.

Over the past five decades, presidents of both parties have launched initiatives to address new or newly perceived threats to global prosperity, from infectious diseases to corruption to terrorism. While what happens in Vegas might stay in Vegas, what happens in other countries doesn’t stay in those countries in an increasingly global and mobile society.

George W. Bush took the lead on responding to the AIDS crisis by founding the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, or PEPFAR; Bill Clinton’s administration targeted gender discrimination by asserting that women’s rights are human rights; Barack Obama’s administration launched the Power Africa initiative to address energy access. U.S. administrations have also recognized the mutually beneficial roles of non-aid channels for supporting prosperity through such means as trade preferences for developing countries and work visas for victims of the 2010 Haiti earthquake.

And while U.S. efforts to promote development have not always been successful, they have certainly contributed to the astonishing progress made during the past half-century. Charles Kenny’s book Getting Better catalogues the many ways — better health, education, gender equality, civil and political rights — that the quality of life has improved in even the poorest countries.

Climate change threatens to unravel those gains. The increasing frequency of extreme weather events will place a drag on economic growth, hitting hardest in the poorest countries and households. Exposure to just one severe tropical storm like Hurricane Mitch, which slammed into Central America in 1998, can knock a country off its growth trajectory, preventing full recovery for decades.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change has inventoried the many ways climate instability will exacerbate poverty and inequality: Hunger and loss of livelihoods due to water scarcity and disruption of agro-ecosystems; sickness due to heat stress for urban laborers and increases in water- and vector-borne disease; loss of life and property due to storms and flooding.

Proactive steps to reduce the emissions that cause global warming and to adapt to the climate change that’s already happening would not only mitigate harm, but can also provide triple wins by benefiting the climate, development and U.S. interests. The Paris Agreement provides a framework for capturing these opportunities.

Others have commented on the large potential of a shift to renewable energy to provide new markets and investment opportunities. Another opportunity is provided by cooperation to conserve the world’s remaining tropical forests.

Article 5 of the Paris Agreement focuses on forest conservation as a particularly promising area for international cooperation. Tropical forests and peatlands — mostly in developing countries such Brazil, the Democratic Republic of Congo and Indonesia — are a significant source of global emissions, because when forests are cleared and burned, the carbon they store is released into the atmosphere. In fact, if emissions from tropical deforestation were a country, it would rank third after China and the U.S.

And reducing deforestation is among the least costly options for emissions abatement. The Paris Agreement provides a framework called Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation, or REDD+, that enables rich countries to cooperate with developing countries by rewarding their success in reducing forest-based emissions, with payments contingent on performance.

But tropical forests offer more than an opportunity to reduce emissions from deforestation. Standing forests provide goods and services important for local and national development. On average, wild products collected from forests constitute more than one-fifth of household incomes in nearby communities. New research shows how forests generate rainfall at continental scales, and how deforestation thus threatens agricultural productivity. Forested watersheds provide access to clean energy by filling the reservoirs behind hydroelectric dams.

Indeed, forests contribute to achieving at least 10 of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals adopted by the international community in 2015. By contrast, deforestation is often a pathway to poverty.

Beyond reducing emissions from deforestation, tropical forests are critical to meeting the Paris Agreement’s objectives in other ways. Forests — which actively pull carbon out of the air for safe-keeping in vegetation — are the only safe, natural, proven way to capture and store carbon, making them essential to achieving the medium-term mitigation goal of balancing emissions and removals.

With respect to adaptation, natural forest vegetation provides resilience to the extreme weather events that are becoming more frequent and severe with climate change. Villages protected by mangrove forests are buffered from coastal storms. Undamaged forests are less likely burn.

Indonesia’s fires in 2015 are estimated to have led to more than 100,000 premature deaths.

Forested hillsides are more resistant to the landslides such as those that recently killed more than 200 people in Sri Lanka.

The Paris Agreement is the best instrument for addressing these and other threats to development posed by climate change, and one that was crafted through years of negotiations shaped in large part by U.S. engagement. REDD+ in particular offers a timely opportunity for rich countries to help developing countries to meet both climate and development goals. Trump is reckless to throw it away.

          How Can Restoring Degraded Landscapes Deliver Financial Returns?    

How Can Restoring Degraded Landscapes Deliver Financial Returns?

More than two billion hectares (nearly five billion acres) of degraded and deforested land awaits restoration worldwide. The annual economic benefits of restoring this land are an estimated $84 billion—about the gross domestic product of Sri Lanka in 2015. As the economy surrounding landscape restoration – the New Restoration Economy – continues to develop, prospective investors are intrigued by the financial returns restoration projects can deliver.

Investing in landscape restoration may seem different from buying a bond or trading stocks online, but the fundamental structure is the same. Restoration projects, like conventional investments, also generate both income and capital gains.

Income refers to recurring payments received following an investment. Investments in restoration— such as planting bamboo along gullies or agroforestry systems on degraded land – can deliver income in a variety of ways, including from the periodic sales of sustainable wood fibers or annual revenues from ecotourism. For example, a study of an Indonesian forest restoration concession sought to quantify its economic benefits for local households. Depending on the ethnic group and their associated reliance on forests, the study found that households earned between $455-663 per year through the sale of multiple forest products, including rubber, honey and rattan.

Additionally, investments deliver returns through capital gains – profits from selling the asset, which has increased in value over time. Restoration projects improve the productivity of the land by, for example, improving soil and water quality, increasing the value of the land and the opportunity for capital gains. In a study on the land value impacts of wetland restoration in North Carolina, wetlands were shown to have a significant positive effect on adjacent properties, increasing home prices at sale by $3,100 compared to properties with no wetlands nearby.

If we only consider income from restoration projects through sales of goods and services – such as bamboo or carbon credits — we risk overlooking the returns from capital gains because of improved land quality. As restoration emerges as a promising opportunity for investment, it is important to consider both types of returns to realize the true financial potential of restoring land.

          7/1/2017: Bulletin Page: Methodist notes   
The Annual Conference of the Methodist Church in Britain, which finished on Thursday, has encouraged the church to speak up on persecution of Christians. The President of the Methodist Church in Sri Lanka, Rev. Asiri Perera, addressed the Conference,...
          Cover Reveal - The Difference Between Us by Rachel Higginson   

Today I'm pleased to have a cover reveal for The Difference Between Us by Rachel Higginson. This is book number two in her Opposites Attract series and is expected July 25th.

I’m cursed.

At least when it comes to finding Mr. Right.

I’m tired of men that only want one night stands or blind dates that are nothing but awkward and uncomfortable. I’m tired of avoiding inappropriate text messages and the constant disappointment of always meeting Mr. Wrong. 

After all these years of dates that lead nowhere, I can admit that it’s me. I’m the problem. I’m shy and picky and cursed. Definitely cursed.

So I’ve decided two things.

The first? I’m giving up dating and relationships and men in general. Maybe, possibly, forever.

The second? I’m going to have to try harder to avoid Ezra Baptiste.

If I couldn’t hack it in the kiddy pool of dating, I certainly can’t swim in his deep end. He’s too successful. Too intense. He’s all man when I’m used to nothing but boys pretending to be grownups. He’s everything I’m afraid to want and so far out of my league we might as well be different species entirely.

So he’ll need to find a different artist to paint his mural. And a different graphic designer to help him with his website. He’ll need to find someone else to glare at and flirt with and kiss.

It can’t be me.

We’re too different.

And don't forget to check out book one in the series, The Opposite of You.

See my review HERE

Rachel Higginson is the author of The Five Stages of Falling in Love, Every Wrong Reason, The Star-Crossed Series, Love & Decay Novella Series and much more! She was born and raised in Nebraska, and spent her college years traveling the world. She fell in love with Eastern Europe, Paris, Indian Food and the beautiful beaches of Sri Lanka, but came back home to marry her high school sweetheart. Now she spends her days writing stories and raising four amazing kids.
          Hoe en waar maak je de beste foodfoto's?   

Bijna de helft (44%) van de wereldwijde reizigers ziet het als hun hobby om de verschillende wereldkeukens te ontdekken. Het is voor vele reizigers dan ook een traktatie om van lokale lekkernijen in een culinaire hoofdstad te genieten. Meer dan de helft van de mensen (51%) bekent binnen 24 uur na aankomst op vakantie van een lokale delicatesse te genieten, zeven van de tien mensen (69%) zelfs binnen twee uur van aankomst. Booking.com heeft een overzicht gemaakt van de bestemmingen waar je, volgens miljoenen Booking.com reizigers, het beste jouw favoriete delicatessen kunt proberen.


Pizzaliefhebbers moeten naar Napels in Italië gaan. Volgens de reviews van Booking.com reizigers, is dit de beste bestemming voor de perfecte pizza. Napels heeft niet alleen de beste pizza’s maar staat ook op de Unesco werelderfgoedlijst vanwege haar indrukwekkende archeologische rijkdommen. Vergeet niet om tijdens het verkennen van Napels de iconische Napolitaanse pizza met tomaten en mozzarella te proeven, overheerlijk!

Los Abrigos

Voor sensationele fruits du mer moet je naar Los Abrigos, het Spaanse Canarische Eiland op de zuidkust van Tenerife. Het zonovergoten kustdorp is overspoeld met kleurrijke vissersboten en de charmante haven is de perfecte plek om van lokale schaaldieren te genieten.


Probeer de heerlijke dim sum in Trang, Thailand. Deze rustige plek biedt afgelegen stranden en sublieme turquoise wateren aan de verre zuidelijke kust van Thailand. Ontdek, voordat je een dagje gaat ontspannen op het witte zand of watervallen en verborgen grotten gaat ontdekken, de lokale traditie van dim sum als ontbijt, naast een echte Thaise koffie.


Tokio is verkozen als beste bestemming voor zowel sushi als ramen. Dit is natuurlijk geen verrassing gezien de meest bijzondere eetgelegenheden ter wereld zich hier ook vestigen. De stad heeft het grootste aantal aan Michelinster restaurants ter wereld. Naast deze populaire specialiteiten en gerechten is er zoveel te zien en te doen in deze neon-lichtgevende, levendige stad.


Hoe maak je de beste foodfoto’s?

Naast de euforie die je haalt uit het proeven van nieuwe gerechten, kunnen reizigers ook genieten van het maken van foto’s van hun eten om dit vervolgens te delen met anderen. Dit is een groeiende trend en wat is nou een beter moment om het beste kiekje te maken dan tijdens de combinatie van eten en reizen?

De nationaliteiten die de meeste foto's schieten en posten zijn, volgens de Booking.com reviews, de Engelsen, gevolgd door de Amerikanen en de Italianen.

Tips voor het maken van foto’s die eruitzien om op te eten:

Maak goed gebruik van het licht. Natuurlijk licht is het beste licht om je gerecht vast te leggen. Om het natuurlijk licht optimaal te gebruiken, kies een tafeltje bij een raam of op het terras Denk aan de compositie en vorm – maak het eten op als een kunstwerk en maak meerdere foto’s uit verschillende hoeken

Houd het frame schoon, strak en focus op de details het gerecht

Maak geen overmatig gebruik van filters, laat de schoonheid van het eten voor zichzelf spreken

Leg ook mensen vast op de foto die met het eten bezig zijn

Het allerbelangrijkst, neem de foto snel, zodat je kunt genieten van de heerlijke creatie!



Beste bestemming


Napels, Italie


Los Abrigos, Spanje

Dim sum

Trang, Thailand


Tokyo, Japan


Tokyo, Japan


Valencia, Spanje

Fish & Chips

Whitby, Verenigd Koninkrijk

High tea

Haputale, Sri Lanka


Hershey, VS


Brussel, België


Tillamook, VS


Paris, Frankrijk

Vegetarische keuken

London, Verenigd Koninkrijk


Lodi, VS


Tychy, Polen


          H10: Change to exchange rate for Sri Lanka   
The exchange rate reported for Sri Lanka on Nov. 2 has been corrected due to a data processing error.
          FASTPAC Marines Conduct Bilateral Training in Sri Lanka   
Marines from Marines Fleet Antiterrorism Security Team Company Pacific met for bilateral training with Sri Lanka Marines at Welisara Navy Base, Sri Lanka, Mar. 30. The training was held to exchange knowledge and tactics between militaries in order to foster partnerships between the nations.
          On Donald Lopez's The Lotus Sutra: A Biography   
This piece appeared recently in the Wall Street Journal.

Every morning at thousands of Buddhist shrines in Japan—and at the Nichiren Temple in Queens, N.Y., the Rissho Kosei-Kai Center of Los Angeles, and the Daiseion-Ji temple in the small town of Wipperfürth, Germany—there rises the chant “Nam myoho renge kyo.” These five syllables don’t sound so lyrical in translation—“Glory to the wonderful Dharma of the Lotus Flower Sutra”—but for those who utter them they proclaim the enduring mystery, wisdom and salvific power of one of the most important and ancient books of Buddhist teachings, the Lotus Sutra.

The lotus, which roots in mud, rises up through water and raises its beautiful petals towards the sky, is the most ubiquitous of Buddhist motifs, an image of the ascent from the morass of worldly desires and suffering to beauty, peace and virtue. Sutra comes from the Sanskrit word “sutta” or “thread,” meaning a set of thoughts or aphorisms on a given subject (as in the Kama Sutra, a treatise on love and courtship). Since there is no written record of Buddhist doctrine from the time of the Buddha, the canon of Buddhist literature brims with hundreds of such sutras which purport to reveal his true teaching.

The Lotus Sutra has a special place in the Buddhist canon. A lively if often confounding grab bag of parables and proclamations told in both prose and verse, it is rich in narrative pleasure and contains more braggadocio than a Donald Trump speech. (“The Buddha is the king,” we read at one point, “this sutra is his wife.”) Indeed, many scholars trace its self-promotional tone back to the era of its composition, when it had to establish itself within a crowded market of religious texts and sects in India. The nature of the Lotus Sutra’s influence is taken up by the scholar of Buddhism Donald S. Lopez Jr. in the latest in Princeton University Press’s excellent series on the “lives of great religious books.”

As with so many religious works from antiquity, the Sutra has a history shrouded in uncertainty. Even its authorship is a mystery. By the time it was composed in Sanskrit early in the first millennium, the Buddha had been dead for 500 years. His striking message, at once austere and compassionate, offered a vision of liberation resolutely free of mythological content. The Buddha’s eerily convincing diagnosis of the nature of human suffering and the way to transcend it had achieved a wide currency in India and had extended to China and Sri Lanka. But Buddhism had begun to break up into sects over divergent interpretations of the teaching.

The major schism was between the Hinayana and the Mahayana. The Hinayana school stressed the importance of monastic life as the only real path to liberation. Mahayana Buddhism, on the other hand, was much more worldly even in its quest for transcendence. Its hero was not the “arhat,” or the being who has attained nirvana, but the “bodhisattva,” the enlightened person who perceives the truth but stays behind in the world to help others across to the far shore of peace.

The Lotus Sutra is a classic—and cacophonous—Mahayana text. The book unfolds as a series of dialogues between the Buddha and his followers, many of them men of great spiritual prowess themselves. The text slowly and artfully builds to a revelation: that of the “saddharma,” or true dharma. The Buddha reveals to his interlocutors that the “threefold path” that he teaches in other texts—a somewhat arcane theory of different streams of learning and discipleship that open out paths to liberation—is actually something of a deception.

In truth, there is only a single Way. But “this Dharma is indescribable / Words must fall silent.” (A very lucid account of the possible nature of this vision, which the Buddha says cannot be formulated in language, can be found in Heinrich Zimmer’s 1952 book “Philosophies of India.) The Buddha is so far gone, he explains, that had he taught such a difficult doctrine, he would have made himself clear to precisely nobody. Instead, he used the path of “skillful means” to set people off on the path to transcendence, preaching to each person according to his estimate of their capacity for enlightenment.

With this master stroke, the Lotus Sutra makes the goal of liberation at once more mysterious and more practicable (and, conveniently, knocks out other sutras competing for the attention of the faithful). The ultimate goal, so elusive, seems almost unattainable, but this makes every teacher a student and every student part of a great, throbbing chain of learning. Indeed, following the Buddha, any teacher must think seriously not just about knowledge, but the right way to transmit it. In this way, the Lotus Sutra makes itself indispensable not just as a teaching, but as a tool of pedagogy. As Mr. Lopez writes: “Perhaps the central teaching of the Lotus Sutra is to teach the Lotus Sutra.”

The allure of Buddhism eventually faded in the land of its birth, where Hinduism was too vivid and well-established to give way to this more introspective ideology. But the Lotus Sutra and other key texts gradually took root in others lands and languages. To the raft of entertaining characters found in the text itself—peasants and princes, initiates and religious masters, the Buddha as both truth-teller and deceiver—Mr. Lopez’s book adds a cast of historical figures across two millennia united only by their passion for the book, including the 13th-century Japanese monk Nichiren, whose fire-and-brimstone message declaring all other Buddhist texts but the Lotus Sutra to be heretical earned him a long incarceration on a lonely island, and Gustave Flaubert.

The author focuses on two especially interesting figures, both of them translators. The first, the Buddhist monk Kumarajiva, lived in eastern India in the 4th century, and had the misfortune of being taken hostage by an invading Chinese general. Over long years as a prisoner, he picked up enough Chinese to translate the Lotus Sutra for the benefit of the Chinese emperor, already a devout Buddhist. Thus the Sutra took root in China, and spread slowly through the Far East.

Just as fascinating is the story of how the book arrived in the West. The Sutra was among a large cache of Buddhist manuscripts sent early in the 19th century to the French Sanskritist Eugène Burnouf by Brian Hodgson, an enterprising young officer of the British East India Company. Burnouf immediately set to translating it, noting among other things the book’s “discursive and very Socratic method of exposition.” His French version, published posthumously in 1852, made its way across the Atlantic, where it was picked up and circulated in translation by Ralph Waldo Emerson and the Transcendentalists, who regularly published scriptures from Asia in their magazine, the Dial.

Mr. Lopez’s book shows us that translators are the unsung heroes of religious, as much as literary, history. Here he has serviced the text with yet another sort of translation—this one to a general audience.

The Lotus Sutra is a rejection, observes Mr. Lopez, of the kind of nirvana “that is a solitary and passive state of eternal peace.” Rather, we are all travelers on a long road, even the enlightened ones among us; we cannot see through to the end right from the start and must begin with small acts of compassion and caring. The inspiring message of the Lotus Sutra is that buddhahood is immanent in all of us.

          Textile Auxiliaries Market Is Expected to Rise at a Remarkable CAGR by 2024   

Transparency Market Research Report Add "Textile Auxiliaries Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2016 - 2024" to its database.

Albany, NY -- (SBWIRE) -- 06/30/2017 -- Textile auxiliary is a group of textile chemicals used for various functions at different stages of textile processing. These stages include processes such as pre-treatment, dying, printing, and finishing. Textile auxiliaries are employed during textile processing to increase durability and esthetic appeal of textile products. Ability of textile auxiliaries to improve the functional properties of textile products has increased their utilization in the textile industry. Rise in production and consumption of textiles is expected to drive the global textiles auxiliaries market during the forecast period.

Obtain Report Details @: http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/textile-auxiliaries-market.html

The global textile auxiliaries market can be segmented based on type, application, process type, and geography. In terms of type, the global textile auxiliaries market can be divided into type 1, type 2, and type 3. Based on application, the global textile auxiliaries market can be segregated into apparels, automotive textiles, geotextiles, home furnishing, industrial textiles, smart textiles for military & defense, and others.

In terms of process type, the global textile auxiliaries market can be classified into pre-treatment, finishing, and dyeing & printing. The pre-treatment process prepares the fabric for finishing and dyeing. Most textile auxiliaries are used during this process. Ability of textile auxiliaries to improve the durability of fabric during the pre-treatment process is anticipated to propel their consumption in the pre-treatment processing stage of fabric during the forecast period.

Based on geography, the global textile auxiliaries market can be divided into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and Latin America. The U.S. and Canada are estimated to propel the textile auxiliaries market in North America. The U.K., Germany, France, Russia, Spain, Italy, and Sweden are the leading countries in the textile auxiliaries market in Europe. Asia Pacific is the dominant region of the textile auxiliaries market. China, South Korea, Japan, India, Thailand, the Philippines, Malaysia, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Singapore are likely to dominate the textile auxiliaries market in Asia Pacific, with India being a rapidly developing market. India accounts for major share of the textile auxiliaries market. Israel, Turkey, the UAE, Iran, Egypt, Nigeria, Ghana, Kenya, and Saudi Arabia are some of the leading countries in the textile auxiliaries market in Middle East & Africa. The textile auxiliaries market in Latin America is dominated by Brazil, Mexico, Peru, Chile, Colombia, and Argentina.

Fill the form to gain deeper insights on this market @: http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/sample/sample.php?flag=B&rep_id=22580

Several players operate at the regional and global level in the textile auxiliaries market. Key players include Archroma, Abitec Corporation, Achitex Minerva spa, Air Products & Chemicals Inc., AkzoNobel N.V., Berkshire Hathaway (Lubrizol Corporation), Buckman Laboratories Inc., Chemipol (Kothari Group), Covestro, Dainichiseika Color & Chemicals Mfg. Co.Ltd., Dow Chemical Company, Formosa Organic Chemical Industry Co.Ltd., Genesee Polymers Corporation, Huntsman Corporation, KC Chemical (M) Sdn. Bhd., Kemira, Kiri Industries, K-Tech (India) Ltd., L.N. Chemical Industries, Lonsen, Omnova Solutions Inc., and Ultra Additives Munzing.

The report offers a comprehensive evaluation of the market. It does so via in-depth qualitative insights, historical data, and verifiable projections about market size. The projections featured in the report have been derived using proven research methodologies and assumptions. By doing so, the research report serves as a repository of analysis and information for every facet of the market, including but not limited to: Regional markets, technology, types, and applications.

About Transparency Market Research
Transparency Market Research (TMR) is a market intelligence company, providing global business information reports and services. Our exclusive blend of quantitative forecasting and trends analysis provides forward-looking insight for thousands of decision makers. TMR's experienced team of analysts, researchers, and consultants, use proprietary data sources and various tools and techniques to gather, and analyze information. Our business offerings represent the latest and the most reliable information indispensable for businesses to sustain a competitive edge.

Each TMR syndicated research report covers a different sector - such as pharmaceuticals, chemicals, energy, food & beverages, semiconductors, med-devices, consumer goods and technology. These reports provide in-depth analysis and deep segmentation to possible micro levels. With wider scope and stratified research methodology, TMR's syndicated reports strive to provide clients to serve their overall research requirement.

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          Sri Lanka vs Zimbabwe 1st ODI – Watch live!   
Catch all the live action from Sri Lanka’s 1st ODI against Zimbabwe in Galle. The post Sri Lanka vs Zimbabwe 1st ODI – Watch live! appeared first on ThePapare.com.
          Mendis, Tharanga lifts Sri Lanka to 316   
Useful contributions from the middle order batsman lifted Sri Lanka to an impressive score of 316 for the loss of 5 wickets in the 1st One Day International against Zimbabwe at the Galle International Stadium earlier today.  Danushka Gunatilake, Kusal Mendis and Upul Tharanga made half-centuries for Sri Lanka. Mendis, after an excellent knock, fell 14 runs short of a ...
          Sri Lanka’s World Cup run comes to an end   
The U18 3×3 World Cup took the streets right after the senior 3×3 World Cup which concluded in Nantes, France. Sri Lanka played four games in the group stage but unfortunately, they had to bid adieu to the tournament as they finished winless. Game 01 – Sri Lanka v Andorra Sri Lanka had the first check in the match but ...
          Subcontinente indio: India y Nepal: Alquilar Tuk Tuk en Sri Lanka: conducir y moverse en tuktuk   
ingrid85 Escribio: djdrake Escribio: diana33 Escribio: Gracias por contestar!!!!!! Entonces sí recomendais TS Tours. No sé si alguien ha contratado con Jeromwin Tours. Son los únicos que me han contestado a todas mis dudas en el primer mail, me ofrecen precio similar a TS Tours, recogida gratis en aeropuerto, pero dice que necesito el AAC. Y el precio que me da es más barato que con Pick and Go. Alguien sabe algo de Jeromwin? Estos son los modelos que me ofrecen en Jeromwin, por si alguien los ha conducido o sabe si TS Tours los tiene: 4-stroke Bajaj / TVS tuk tuk Ya me decis. Hola! Sí, nosotros no tuvimos ningún problema y todo fue como tenía que ir con TS Tours y con el Tuk Tuk que nos alquiló. Desconozco Jeromwin Tours, en el momento que estuve buscando Tuk Tuk no existía (o no lo conocíamos aquí). De todas formas, si te dan confianza por email yo creo que debería bastar. Son gente muy maja los celyandeses! Respecto el AAC, yo no lo llevé y en ningún momento lo pidieron (me pararon 2 veces). Y he leído mucha gente diciendo lo mismo. Eso no quita para que algún día algún poli se le ocurra pedir eso y pillen así dinero fácil. Pero eso no está, al menos todavía, dentro del pensamiento de esta gente por lo que pudimos comprobar. También te digo que seguramente la multa que te pudieran poner por no tener el AAC sería ridícula... seguramente cueste bastante más que te gestionen el AAC que la posible multa. Nuestro Tuk Tuk era un Bajaj Re 4 Stroke y se portó como un campeón! El TVS King también leí que estaba muy bien si es de los modelos más actuales. Con cualquier opción andareis bien. Hola! Nosotros estuvimos en abril dos semanitas y no sé si es que han espabilado mucho o que, pero la policía nos paró tres veces y las tres veces quisieron ver el dichoso permiso AAC. Nosotros lo teníamos, así que sin problema. No tengo ni idea de a cuánto ascendería la multa por no llevarlo, pero si te lo piden varias veces supongo que al final sale a cuenta y te ahorras problemas con la policía. Saludos Hola ingrid85 ! Yo llamé a la embajada para preguntarlo , ya que para alquilar el Tuk-Tuk te insisten en que necesitas el AAC , y me dijeron que si teníamos el carnet de conducir internacional , no el de coche sino el de moto , donde pone explícitamente que es para vehículos de 3 ruedas , no necesitabas el AAC. Vosotros el de moto no lo teníais ?
Aiya Ah Foo...itu 13 Mei cauvinis otak kominis cakap malai-si kira hasutan ke?
Salam 2 all.

Akhir akhir ini terdapat usaha gigih lagi terancang oleh kaum cauvinis dan pelampau perkauman untuk menghapuskan Akta Hasutan 1948. Bertopengkan perisai hak asasi kemanusiaan, mereka mendakwa kononnya Akta Hasutan kononnya mengekang dan menyekat kebebasan bersuara seperti yang dijamin dibawah Perkara 10 Perlembagaan Persekutuan!

Apakah benar Akta Hasutan mengekang dan menyekat kebebasan bersuara seperti yang dijamin oleh Perkara 10 Perlembagaan Persekutuan?

Apakah perkara yang diperkatakan sebenarnya oleh yang kaum cauvinis dan pelampau perkauman ini yang dikatakan menyekat kebebasan bersuara mereka?

Secara umumnya, kaum cauvinis dan pelampau perkauman ini membangkitkan dan mempermainkan isu-isu berikut:

1. mempersoal, memperlekeh, dan kekadang menghina kedudukan dan kedaulatan Raja-Raja Melayu; contohnya dalam isu kalimah Allah, bible versi bahasa Melayu, isu cubaan pemurtadan umat Islam oleh gereja, isu pembentukan kerajaan negeri Perak, kontroversi perlantikan MB Selangor dan lain-lain;

2. mempersoal, memperlekeh, dan kekadang menghina kedudukan dan keistimewaan Islam didalam negara ini seperti peruntukkan untuk masjid-masjid dan institusi pendidikan Islam, kedudukan Mahkamah Syariah, kedudukan Majlis Fatwa Kebangsaan dan kuasa Mufti-Mufti dan lain-lain;

3. mempersoal, memperlekeh, dan kekadang menghina kedudukan dan hak istimewa orang Melayu seperti yang termaktub didalam Perkara 153 Perlembagaan Persekutuan dan kedudukan bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa kebangsaan seperti termaktub didalam Perkara 152 termasuk kedudukan sekolah-sekolah vernakular; malahan sampai ke peringkat mempertikai kedudukan Kerajaan Melayu yang memerintah negeri-negeri dan peringkat Persekutuan.


Sebenarnya isu-isu yang dibangkitkan dan dipermainkan oleh kaum cauvinis dan pelampau perkauman ini seperti yang tercatat diatas dilindungi oleh Perlembagaan Persekutuan dibawah Perkara 10 (2) (a). Walaupun Perkara 10 umumnya memberikan hak kebebasan bersuara kepada mana-mana warganegara, namun hak itu tertakluk kepada hak Parlimen

mengenakan apa-apa sekatan yang didapati perlu atau mustahak demi kepentingan keselamatan Persekutuan” dan dalam menentukan kepentingan keselamatan Persekutuan, Parlimen boleh dibawah Perkara 10 (4)

meluluskan undang-undang melarang perbuatan mempersoal apa-apa perkara, hak, taraf, kedudukan, keistimewaan, kedaulatan atau hak kedaulatan yang ditetapkan atau diperlindung oleh peruntukkan Bahagian 3, Perkara 152, 153 atau 181 berhubung dengan apa-apa jua”.

Apakah perkara-perkara tersebut?

1. Bahagian 3 – perkara berkaitan kewarganegaraan;

2. Perkara 152 – kedudukan bahasa Melayu sebagai Bahasa Kebangsaan;

3. Perkara 153 – kedudukan hak istimewa orang Melayu termasuk perezapan kuota mengenai perkhidmatan, permit dan sebagainya;

4. Perkara 181 – kedaulatan, kekuasaan, kedudukan dan keistimewaan Raja-Raja Melayu;


Sebenarnya kesemua empat perkara diatas adalah asas kepada termetrainya apa yang disebut sebagai kontrak sosial.

Apakah dia yang dikatakan kontrak sosial?

Kontrak sosial adalah persefahaman dan perjanjian diantara bangsa pribumi Melayu dengan kaum imigran Cina dan India yang dibawa penjajah British ke Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, atau lebih dikenali sebagai Malaya sebelum kemerdekaan dicapai.

Sebelum penjajahan oleh barat termasuk British, Persekutuan Tanah Melayu atau Malaya sebenarnya adalah terdiri daripada 9 buah Negeri-Negeri Berdaulat yang diperintah secara mutlak oleh tiap seorang Raja-Raja Melayu di negeri masing.

Negeri-negeri tersebut ialah Kedah (Pulau Pinang dan Perlis termasuk didalamnya), Perak, Selangor, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Johor-Riau-Singapura, Pahang, Trengganu dan Kelantan (termasuk Selatan Siam).

Apabila penjajah British menjajah kesemua negeri-negeri Melayu berdaulat ini, dan setelah tumbangnya gagasan Malayan Union, maka terbentuklah sebuah persekutuan yang dinamakan Persekutuan Tanah Melayu; namun tiap-tiap Raja Melayu masih berdaulat dan memerintah negeri masing-masing dengan bangsa Melayu sebagai anak pribumi.

Semasa era penjajahan British, mereka membawa masuk tenaga buruh daripada negara Cina dan benua India sebagai imigran untuk membantu penjajah British dalam sektor perlombongan bijih timah dan perladangan getah serta aktiviti ekonomi yang berkaitan dengannya.

Imigran Cina dan India ini pada masa itu sebenarnya adalah buruh ekonomi yang dibawa masuk oleh penjajah British tanpa sebarang jaminan kerakyatan atau kewarganegaraan, malah terus menjadi anak jajah British.

Apabila perundingan kemerdekaan sedang dilakukan, timbul persoalan apa status kaum imigran Cina dan India yang dibawa masuk sebagai tenaga buruh ekonomi British? Dan bagaimana pula kedudukan Raja-Raja Melayu, agama Islam dan hak bangsa pribumi Melayu sendiri didalam Persekutuan Tanah Melayu?

Pihak British enggan mengambil imigran yang terdiri daripada kaum Cina dan India untuk menjadi rakyat dan warganegara British! Sebaliknya British mencadangkan supaya Raja-Raja Melayu dan pribumi bangsa Melayu di Persekutuan Tanah Melayu ini menerima kaum imigran Cina dan India ini sebagai warganegara dan rakyat Malaya!


Sebagai asas kepada rundingan ini, maka Raja-Raja Melayu telah menggariskan perimeter perundingan dan perbincangan, dengan mengeluarkan satu titah yang kini dikenali sebagai 7 Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu, iaitu:

1.  Kami namakan dan kami panggil dia, bumiyang kamu pijak dan langit yang kamu junjung PERSEKUTUAN TANAH MELAYU (sekarang dikenali dengan nama Malaysia);

2.  Kami isytiharkan dan kami simpan untuk kamu dan kami benarkan kamu isytihar dan simpan untuk anak cucu kamu, selain gunung-ganang, tasik dan hutan simpan, TANAH SIMPANAN MELAYU sehingga nisbah 50 peratus, selebihnya kamu rebutlah bersama-sama kaum lain;

3.  Bagi menjaga kamu dan bagi melindungi anak cucu kamu serta harta hak milik kamu, kami tubuhkan REJIMEN ASKAR MELAYU selain untuk membanteras kekacauan dalam negara dan ancaman dari luar negara;

4.  Kami kekalkan dan kami jamin Kerajaan dan Kedaulatan RAJA-RAJA MELAYU  memerintah negara ini;

5.  Kami isytiharkan ISLAM adalah Agama Persekutuan;

6.  Kami tetapkan bahasa kebangsaanialah BAHASA MELAYU;

7.  Kami amanahkan dan kami pertanggungjawabkan kepada Raja-Raja Melayu untuk melindungi KEDUDUKAN ISTIMEWA ORANG MELAYU dan KEPENTINGAN SAH KAUM-KAUM LAIN (kemudian ditambah kedudukan istimewa anak negeri Sabah dan Sarawak).


Hasil rundingan inilah lahirnya apa yang disebut sebagai kontrak sosial –perjanjian beri-memberi; iaitu quid pro-quo, iaitu:

Kaum imigran Cina dan India diberikan hak kerakyatan dan kewarganegaraan dan sebagai pulangan, kedaulatan Raja-Raja Melayu, kedudukan istimewa Islam dan hak anak pribumi bangsa Melayu termasuk kedudukan bahasa Melayu, tanah simpanan Melayu dan Rejimen Askar Melayu akan dimaktubkan didalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan!

Mengambil iktibar peristiwa 13 Mei 1969, dan bagi menjamin keempat-empat perkara asas teras negara ini tidak dipertikaikan sampai bila-bila oleh mana-mana pihak, maka Seksyen 3 (1) (f) Akta Hasutan 1948 digubal untuk memastikan keempat-empat perkara ini dilindungi!

Seksyen 3 (1) (f) memperuntukkan bahawa ‘kecenderungan menghasut – seditious tendency itu adalah apabila ada mana-mana pihak cuba mempersoalkan apa-apa perkara, hak, status, kedudukan, keistimewaan, kedaulatan atau prerogatif mana-mana perkara berikut iaitu:

1. Bahagian 3 – perkara berkaitan kewarganegaraan;

2. Perkara 152 – kedudukan bahasa Melayu sebagai Bahasa Kebangsaan;

3. Perkara 153 – kedudukan hak istimewa orang Melayu dan pribumi Sabah & Sarawak termasuk perezapan kuota mengenai perkhidmatan, permit dan sebagainya;

4. Perkara 181 – kedaulatan, kekuasaan, kedudukan dan keistimewaan Raja-Raja Melayu.


Tokoh-tokoh dan pimpinan kaum Cina dan India sangat terharu dan terkejut dengan sikap bertolak ansur yang tinggi dikalangan bangsa Melayu; sehingga sanggup memberikan dan berkongsi kerakyatan dengan mereka. Kita hanya perlu menilai kata-kata tokoh-tokoh tersebut untuk menunjukkan betapa terharunya kaum Cina dan India menghargai pengorbanan besar bangsa Melayu itu.

Petikan kata-kata daripada tokoh kaum Cina, mendiang Tun Tan Siew Sin yang telah menyatakan pada  30 April 1969:

“Orang Melayu, melalui UMNO, sangat bermurah hati untuk mengendurkan undang-undang kewarganegaraan negara ini sehinggakan dalam tempoh 12 bulan selepas merdeka, 90% bukan-Melayu menjadi warganegara.

Suasana ini sangat berbeza sebelum merdeka dimana hampir 90% bukan Melayu adalah bukan warganegara setelah hampir 100 tahun penjajah menjajah Negeri-Negeri Melayu ini.

Mengambil kira konsesi ini, MCA dan MIC bersetuju untuk meneruskan pemeliharaan kedudukan istimewa orang Melayu dan diwaktu yang sama mempertahankan kepentingan sah masyarakat lain”.

Manakala ini adalah petikan kata-kata daripada tokoh kaum India, mendiang Tun VT Sambanthan yang telah menyatakan pada 01 Jun 1965:

“Kita telah memenangi pilihanraya 1955 dengan majoriti yang sangat besar. Kemudian kita memperolehi kebebasan dalam tempoh dua tahun. Dalam tempoh itu, kita perlu berbincang soal kewarganegaraan dan beberapa perkara lain. Dan apa yang orang Melayu lakukan - memandangkan kita bercakap mengenai soal perkauman - apakah yang dilakukan oleh kepimpinan orang Melayu? Mereka mendapat sokongan 88% pengundi. Apakah yang mereka lakukan mengenai soal kewarganegaraan?

Kalau kita melihat sekeliling Asia dan Asia Timur khususnya, kita akan melihat kaum saya bangsa India tidak diterima di Sri Lanka, tidak diterima di Myanmar. Lihat saudara saya kaum Cina, mereka tidak diterima di Thailand, di Vietnam, di Kampuchea, di merata tempat. Apa bantuan yang mereka dapat di negara-negara ini? Di Myanmar, seperti yang kita ketahui, kaum India dihalau keluar; di Sri Lanka mereka ditolak kewarganegaraan dan di Kampuchea sama sahaja. Saya tahu, dan kamu pun tahu apa yang berlaku.

Tetapi di Tanah Melayu apa yang terjadi? Disini kita dapati kepimpinan orang Melayu berkata, "kami akan menerima kamu sebagai saudara kami, dan kami akan beri kamu peluang sepenuhnya untuk tinggal di negara kami ini, dan kami akan beri peluang kepada kamu untuk menjadi warganegara". Jadi pada tahun 1957, untuk keseluruhan tahun, kita mengenepikan syarat bahasa (Melayu), dan puluhan ribu kaum India, Cina, Ceylon dan lain-lain menjadi warganegara.

Seperti yang saya katakan, saya sangat bernasib baik dilahirkan didalam negara ini. Dimana lagi yang boleh kamu temui bangsa Melayu yang begitu berkebajikan, sopan dan sangat bersusila? Dimana lagi kamu boleh menerima layanan politik yang sangat bermaruah untuk mana-mana kaum immigran? Dimana lagi didalam sejarah dunia ini? Saya bertanya kepada kamu. Ini adalah hakikat dan fakta! Siapa yang akan menjaga kepentingan kita? Saya hanyalah kaum minoriti 10% dalam negara ini. Tetapi saya sangat gembira disini”.


Peristiwa berdarah 13 Mei 1969 membuktikan betapa bahayanya apabila perkara-perkara yang disebut didalam 7 Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu, kontrak sosial dan empat sendi teras negara dipertikaikan atau dipersoalkan – sehingga membawa kepada rusuhan kaum yang belum pernah terjadi didalam negara ini.

Didalam Lapuran Mageran bertarikh 06 Okt 1969, jelas disebut bagaimana dalam kempen Pilihanraya 1969, kaum cauvinis yang menyusup didalam DAP dan Gerakan telah memainkan isu perkauman antaranya:

1. mempertikai Perkara 153 Perlembagaan berkaitan hak istimewa bangsa Melayu dan pribumi Sabah & Sarawak;

2. mempertikai status bangsa Melayu sebagai pribumi Tanah Melayu ini;

3. tohmahan bahawa bangsa Melayu mendapat keistimewaan dan kaum Cina diketepikan, termasuk dalam sektor perkhidmatan awam.

Malah dengan lebih biadap kaum cauvinis dan pelampau perkauman ini telah melaung-laungkan slogan malai-si; mati-Melayu dan kata-kata Mao Tze Dhong hutang darah bayar darah.

Dan mereka akan memaki hamun bangsa Melayu dengan kata-kata mencarut, lucah dan melampau seperti Melayu sakai, pigi masuk hutan, Melayu balik kampung, Melayu sekarang tiada kuasa, sekarang kita cina kontrol, kita hentam lu sekarang kita ada kuasa, ini negeri bukan Melayu punya, mata-mata lancau, buang sama polis Melayu, KL sekarang cina punya, semua Melayu kasi habis, kasi halau semua polis, butoh Melayu, ini negeri bukan Melayu punya, kita mau halau semua melayu, Melayu sudah jatuh MARA boleh keluar, Melayu balik kampung MARA kasi habis, apa polis Melayu boleh buat kita raja dan pelbagai lagi maki hamun terhadap bangsa Melayu (rujuk Lapuran Mageran 06.10.1969).

Malahan pada waktu itu, Almarhum Tunku Abdul Rahman, Perdana Menteri pertama Tanah Melayu dan Bapa Kemerdekaan memberi amaran kepada kaum cauvinis dan pelampau perkauman supaya tidak mempersoal Perkara 153 Perlembagaan.

Malah Almarhum Tunku menegaskan bahawa ‘jika mereka terus mempertikai Perkara 153, kekacauan akan berlaku dan keamanan dan kemakmuran yang kita kecapi akan hancur’.

Dan kita dapat melihat dengan mata kepala sendiri apa yang terjadi dalam perstiwa berdarah 13 Mei 1969!

Sebab itulah Akta Hasutan bukan sahaja perlu dikekalkan, malah perlu ditambah baik dengan memasukkan peruntukkan berkaitan melindungi dan memartabatkan agama Islam dan institusi berkaitan dengannya!


Ada pihak yang mempertikaikan kedudukan Akta Hasutan kononnya sudah lapuk dan tidak digubal mengikut Perlembagaan – it’s unconstitutional dakwa mereka!

Hujah mereka mudah! Akta Hasutan digubal tahun 1948; manakala Perlembagaan Persekutuan digubal pada tahun 1957! Bermakna Akta Hasutan mendahului Perlembagaan!

Bagi mereka yang buta undang-undang, ditambah mempunyai sikap prejudis dan daya kebodohan tahap tinggi, maka dengan mudah mereka boleh diperdayakan dengan hujah sebegini!

Adakah dakwaan itu betul?

Seperti yang saya sebut diatas, kesahihan dan keabsahan Akta Hasutan 1948 adalah terletak dibawah Perkara 10 (2) dan 10 (4) Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Malah ini telah disahkan dengan jelas oleh Mahkamah didalam dua kes iaitu Madhavan Nair & Anor –v- Pendakwaraya [1975] 2 MLJ 264 dan kes Pendakwaraya –v- Karpal Singh (mendiang).

Malahan dalam kes terbaru Mat Shuhaimi bin Shafiei –v- Pendakwaraya (Mahkamah Rayuan Malaysia 2014), dimana kedudukan, kesahihan dan keabsahan Akta Hasutan dipertikaikan, Mahkamah Rayuan dengan jelas menegaskan bahawa,

walaupun Akta Hasutan 1948 adalah undang-undang pra-merdeka, namun ianya adalah sebuah undang-undang yang sah dan kekal sah sehingga ke hari ini. Keabsahan Akta Hasutan 1948 terletak kepada provisi Perkara 162 Perlembagaan Persekutuan yang memperuntukkan bahawa, kesemua ‘undang-undang yang ada (sebelum kemerdekaan termasuk Akta Hasutan) hendaklah, sehingga dimansuhkan oleh pihak berkuasa yang berkuasa berbuat sedemikian itu dibawah Perlembagaan ini, terus berkuatkuasa pada dan hari selepas Hari Merdeka.

Dan perlu diingatkan bahawa Seksyen 3 (1) (f) Akta Hasutan yang melindungi 4 teras tiang seri negara itu sebenarnya digubal pada 10 Ogos 1970 melalui Ordinan Darurat (Kuasa-Kuasa Khas) Ordinan 45, 1970 (P.U (A) 282/1970) atas usaha Allahyarham Tun Abdul Razak Hussein, Perdana Menteri kedua selepas peristiwa berdarah 13 Mei 1969!

Jadi tohmahan dan fitnah yang menyatakan perlindungan keatas empat tiang seri negara dibawah Seksyen 3 (1) (f) Akta Hasutan sebagai peninggalan penjajah jelas membuktikan kejahilan dan kebodohan pihak yang membuat tohmahan tersebut!


Tindakan biadap segelintir kaum cauvinis, pelampau perkauman dan kini ditambah dengan ekstremis agama mutakhir ini membuktikan bukan sahaja Akta Hasutan wajib dikekalkan, malah wajib diperkasakan dengan penambahbaikan beberapa peruntukkan.

Kita melihat bagaimana peristiwa berdarah 13 Mei 1969 meletus hanya kerana segelintir kaum cauvinis dan pelampau perkauman mempertikaikan hak dan kedudukan istimewa bangsa Melayu seperti yang diperuntukkan Perkara 153 Perlembagaan.

Kini kita melihat bukan sahaja hak dan keistimewaan bangsa Melayu dipertikaikan, malah kedudukan Islam dan kedaulatan Raja-Raja Melayu turut dipertikai, diperlekeh malah dihina antaranya seperti berikut:

1. tuntutan pendakyah kristian terhadap penggunaan kalimah Allah dalam bentuk yang telah difatwakan sebagai syirik menurut aqidah Islam. Pihak The Herald telah mengemukakan semakan semula keputusan Mahkamah Persekutuan yang menolak tuntutan mereka dan akan didengar pada 21 Januari 2015, manakala Sidang Injil Borneo telah diberi kebenaran oleh Mahkamah Rayuan pada 01 Okt 2014 untuk mencabar keputusan KDN melarang penggunaan kalimah Allah oleh kristian dalam apa bentuk sekalipun;

2. mencabar kedudukan Mahkamah Syariah melalui kaedah ‘pintu belakang’ menggunakan peruntukkan sivil di mahkamah sivil termasuk dalam kes rebutan jenazah, hak jagaan dan hadhanah anak-anak saudara baru, dan mutakhir pada 07 Nov lepas mempertikai Seksyen 66 Enakmen Jenayah Syariah Negeri Sembilan yang memperuntukkan pelarangan terhadap maknyah, bapuk dan pondan memakai pakaian seperti perempuan;

3. mempertikai dan memperlekeh undang-undang melarang pemurtadan terhadap umat Islam, malah menuntut supaya umat Islam dibenarkan murtad;

4. mencabar kedaulatan, kuasa dan kedudukan Raja-Raja Melayu termasuk dalam kes perampasan bible versi bahasa Melayu yang mengandungi istilah dan kalimah yang dilarang oleh Enakmen syariah negeri-negeri, isu pemurtadan umat Islam, kuasa dan bidangkuasa Raja-Raja Melayu menentukan perlantikan Menteri Besar dan pembentukan Kerajaan negeri;

5. mencabar kedudukan bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa kebangsaan dan isu berkaitan kewujudan dan penubuhan sekolah-sekolah vernakular yang menggunakan bahasa selain bahasa Melayu sebagai bahasa pengantar;

6. mencabar dan mempertikai hak istimewa bangsa Melayu dan pribumi Sabah & Sarawak seperti yang dimaktubkan didalam Perkara 153 Perlembagaan termasuk soal biasiswa, institusi pengajian tinggi, kuota perjawatan, pelesenan, permit dan pelbagai lagi hak dan keistimewaan bangsa Melayu dan pribumi Sabah & Sarawak;

7. mencabar, memperlekeh dan menghina secara konsisten dan terancang institusi teras dalam negara ini seperti Majlis Raja-Raja Melayu, Majlis Fatwa Kebangsaan dan Jawatankuasa Fatwa Negeri-Negeri, Parlimen Malaysia termasuk Dewan Undangan Negeri, Rejimen Askar Melayu DiRaja, Suruhanjaya Pilihanraya, Polis DiRaja Malaysia, Angkatan Tentera Malaysia, Mahkamah dan badan kehakiman negara, institusi Peguam Negara, Suruhanjaya Pencegahan Rasuah Malaysia dan lain-lain institusi teraes lagi sehingga menimbulkan kebencian rakyat dan orang ramai terhadap institusi-institusi ini.

Sebenarnya banyak lagi tindak-tanduk, kenyataan, perlakuan dan lain-lain tindakan yang dilakukan oleh kaum cauvinis, pelampau perkauman dan ekstremis keagaaman yang bukan sahaja berbentuk hasutan yang mencabar empat teras sendi negara yang dimaktubkan didalam 7 Wasiat Raja-Raja Melayu, kontrak sosial, Perlembagaan dan Akta Hasutan, malah ianya boleh meruntuhkan sendi, teras dan warisan negara ini jika ianya tidak dibendung segera.


Sebab itu sekali lagi saya mencadangkan bahawa bukan sahaja Akta Hasutan perlu dikekalkan, malah Akta Keselamatan Dalam Negeri atau undang-undang preventif seumpamanya perlu dikembalikan. Penghapusan Akta Keselamatan Dalam Negeri telah menyebabkan kepincangan ketara dalam penguatkuasaan dan pengukuhan keadaan keharmonian dan ketenteraman awam dalam negara ini.

Penghapusan Akta Hasutan akan memperlengkapkan kehancuran keharmonian antara agama dan kaum dalam negara ini.

Selain daripada pengembalian semula ISA atau penggubalan undang-undang preventif seumpamanya, saya mencadangkan penambah-baikan kepada Akta Hasutan dengan perkara berikut:

1. meminda Seksyen 3 (1) (f) Akta Hasutan dengan memasukkan peruntukkan tambahan seperti berikut iaitu:

Seksyen 3 (1) (f) memperuntukkan bahawa ‘kecenderungan menghasut (seditious tendency) itu adalah apabila ada mana-mana pihak cuba mempersoalkan apa-apa perkara, hak, status, kedudukan, keistimewaan, kedaulatan atau prerogatif mana-mana perkara berikut iaitu (kekalkan yang sedia ada) termasuk:

Perkara 3 (Islam agama Persekutuan), Perkara 8 (4) (c) (kedudukan orang asli), Perkara 8 (4) (f) (kedudukan Rejimen Askar Melayu DiRaja), Perkara 11 (4) (penyebaran agama bukan Islam), Perkara 12 (peruntukkan dana bagi institusi Islam), Perkara 121 (1A) (bidangkuasa Mahkamah Syariah), Jadual 9 Senarai II (bidangkuasa Dewan Undangan Negeri dan Mahkamah Syariah dalam hal ehwal Islam) , dan mana-mana undang-undang atau enakmen yang diperbuat dibawahnya”;

2. meminda Seksyen 114 (g) Akta Keterangan dengan peruntukkan ‘Mahkamah hendaklah membuat andaian/rumusan bahawa adalah merupakan satu perbuatan menghasut menurut peruntukkan dibawah Akta Hasutan jika ada mana-mana pihak yang cuba mempersoal, mempertikai dan/atau menghina apa-apa perkara, hak, status, kedudukan, keistimewaan, kedaulatan atau prerogatif berkaitan Bahagian 3, Perkara 152, Perkara 153, Perkara 181, Perkara 3, Perkara 8 (4) (c), Perkara 8 (4) (f), Perkara 11 (4), Perkara 12, Perkara 121 (1A) dan/atau Jadual 9 Senarai II Perlembagaan Persekutuan dan mana-mana undang-undang atau enakmen yang diperbuat dibawahnya”;

3. meminda hukuman bagi sabitan kesalahan dibawah Seksyen 3 (1) (f) Akta Hasutan dengan ‘hukuman penjara mandatori tidak kurang 5 tahun dan tidak melebihi 25 tahun' bagi sabitan kesalahan dibawah Seksyen 3 (1) (f) Akta Hasutan.

Sekian terima kasih.

Zulkifli Bin Noordin
02 Safar 1436
25 November 2014

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          Nelson ODI: Rain forces NZ versus Sri Lanka game to be abandoned   
The fourth one-day international between New Zealand and Sri Lanka was abandoned after just nine overs of the hosts' innings after rain intervened for the final time at Saxton Oval in Nelson on Saturday.
          Test captain Kohli named BCCI's Cricketer of the Year   
Under Kohli, the Indian team ended a 22-year wait for a series win on Sri Lankan soil before battering World No.1 South Africa 3-0 to hand the Proteas their first overseas loss in nine years.
          Sri Lanka stay alive in NZ series   
Tillakaratne Dilshan scored his 47th one-day half century to anchor a much-improved Sri Lanka to a morale-boosting eight-wicket victory on Thursday that kept their one-day series against New Zealand alive.
          Kiwi skipper McCullum doubtful for third ODI vs SL   
New Zealand captain Brendon McCullum is 'unlikely' to play in the third One-day match against Sri Lanka on Thursday as he recovers from a back injury, coach Mike Hesson has said.
          Chandimal to lead Sri Lanka in T20s against New Zealand   
Dinesh Chandimal will captain Sri Lanka in the T20 series against New Zealand in place of regular captain Lasith Malinga who has been forced out due to an injury, Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) said on Tuesday.
          World Test C'ship could revive dwindling format, sadly it's scrapped!   
Sri Lankan batting great Kumar Sangakkara believes that the revival of the abandoned World Test Championship can address some of the problems facing the iconic longer format of the game.
          Guptill misses ODI record as Kiwis thrash sorry Sri Lanka   
Martin Guptill flirted with a world record then had to settle for a New Zealand one as he demolished Sri Lanka's bowling to guide his side to a comprehensive 10-wicket victory in the second One-Day International in Christchurch on Monday.
          Run machine Guptill guides Kiwis past Sri Lanka in first ODI   
Martin Guptill became the highest run scorer in One-Day International cricket this year as he guided New Zealand to a comprehensive seven-wicket victory over Sri Lanka in the first game of their five match series in Christchurch, on Saturday.
          Sri Lanka's Kusal Perera faces four-year doping ban   
Sri Lanka's Kusal Perera faces a four-year ban after the country's sports minister said the wicketkeeper-batsman's 'B' sample has also tested positive for a prohibited substance.
          'I have worked really hard in the last 2-3 years since my recovery'   
Yuvraj Singh's dreadful innings of 11 from 21 balls in the World T20 final against Sri Lanka in Mirpur last year led to his exclusion and the stylish left-hander admits that it 'always remained' at the back of his mind during the past year and half.
          Kane Williamson rises to top of Test rankings   
Kane Williamson is the second New Zealand batsman after Glenn Turner to top the ICC Player Rankings for Test batsmen following a man of the match performance in the Hamilton Test against Sri Lanka, which helped the home side win by five wickets and take the series 2-0.
          'We have a bowling group that is world class and still improving'   
While impressed by Kane Williamson's match-winning century, New Zealand captain Brendon McCullum praised his bowlers for their tenacity and ability to change plans to suit the conditions, which helped them seal a series win over Sri Lanka.
          'It means more when you make a larger contribution to the team'   
New Zealand captain Brendon McCullum called him 'The King' but Kane Williamson swatted aside the praise after his record-breaking century capped a five-wicket victory in the second Test against Sri Lanka.
          Hamilton Test: Williamson steers NZ to series win over Sri Lanka   
Kane Williamson scored his fifth century in eight Tests in 2015 to guide New Zealand to a five-wicket victory over Sri Lanka before lunch on the fourth day of the second Test at Seddon Park in Hamilton on Monday.
          New Zealand close in on win but Sri Lanka fight on   
A hobbling Kane Williamson guided New Zealand to 142 for five at the close of play on the third day of the second Test against Sri Lanka in Hamilton, with the hosts needing another 47 runs to seal a 2-0 series sweep.
          Chameera produces career-best return as NZ struggle   
Paceman Dushmantha Chameera took career-best figures with aggressive short-pitched bowling to give Sri Lanka a slight advantage at the close of play on the second day of the second Test against New Zealand at Seddon Park in Hamilton on Saturday.
          Sri Lanka's Herath, Perera approached by bookies to fix Windies Test   
Lanka's sports minister said some 10 million rupees (around $70,000) had been offered to the players to lose the match. Police had mounted a search for the suspect who was said to have approached the two players
          Hamilton Test: Boult strikes before rain ends first day early   
Trent Boult took two wickets in one over and broke a partnership that had threatened to take the game out of New Zealand's reach as Sri Lanka reached 264 for seven by the end of a rain-shortened first day of the second Test on Friday.
          India Under-19s' unbeaten run continues; seal final spot   
Virat Singh and Washington Sundar struck half centuries as India Under-19s defeated Sri Lanka Under-19s by four wickets to record their fourth successive win in the tri-nation cricket tournament in Colombo, on Thursday.
          Williamson's finger adds to New Zealand's concerns in Hamilton   
As if a pitch that can barely be distinguished from the outfield was not enough for New Zealand captain Brendon McCullum to worry about ahead of the second Test against Sri Lanka, it turns out his top batsman may have a broken finger.
          2015: Indian cricket went from despair to deliverance   
Test series victories over Sri Lanka and South Africa ensured Virat Kohli could justify the team's failures earlier in the year.
          New Zealand rest Boult, Southee for ODIs; Nicholls gets call-up   
Uncapped batsman Henry Nicholls has been called into New Zealand's one-day squad for the start of the five-match series against Sri Lanka, while pace duo Trent Boult and Tim Southee have been rested.
          Sometimes you have to risk losing to win as well: McCullum   
A frenetic first innings set up New Zealand's 122-run victory over Sri Lanka in the first Test on Monday, but captain Brendon McCullum was pleased with the way his bowlers stuck to their task without tangible reward.
          Dunedin Test: New Zealand thrash Sri Lanka by 122 runs   
Trent Boult took two quick wickets after lunch to help New Zealand complete a 122-run victory over Sri Lanka on the fifth day of the first Test at University Oval in Dunedin on Monday.
          Sri Lanka 109-3 chasing NZ's 405 in 1st Test   
At stumps on day four, with an hour's play lost because of the weather, Sri Lanka were 109 for three, requiring a further 296 runs to pull off an epic victory.
          Amandeep century helps India colts beat Lanka by D/L method   
Madhya Pradesh right-hander Amandeep Khare hit a fine century as India U-19 beat their Sri Lankan counterparts by 4 runs via Duckworth-Lewis method in a tri-series match in Colombo on Saturday.
          Dunedin Test: Williamson milestone helps NZ stretch lead   
Kane Williamson became the second New Zealand batsman to score 1000 Test runs in a calendar year as the hosts built an imposing 308-run lead over Sri Lanka at the close of the third day's play of the first Test in Dunedin.
          Jayawardene joins Adelaide Strikers in Big Bash League   
Former Sri Lanka captain Mahela Jayawardene has joined the Adelaide Strikers for the fifth edition of Big Bash League on a one-year deal as the side's second international signing.
          Guptill, Williamson put NZ in strong position   
Martin Guptill struck his third Test century while Kane Williamson fell just short his 13th as New Zealand blunted Sri Lanka's inexperienced bowling attack to set themselves up for a big total in the first Test in Dunedin on Thursday.
          Will Windies fast bowlers expose Australia's batting weaknesses?   
West Indies have lost their last four Tests, two to Australia and two to Sri Lanka, and have not enjoyed a single win in Australia since the 1996-97 tour.
          It's time Ashwin & Co won matches abroad!   
126 of Ashwin's 176 Test wickets, points out Bikash Mohapatra, have come on home turf. Half of the remaining 50 have come on similar surfaces in Sri Lanka and Bangladesh.
          Sri Lanka's Perera fails drugs Test, sent home from NZ tour   
Sri Lanka wicketkeeper-batsman Kusal Perera has been sent home from their tour of New Zealand after failing a drugs Test, local media, citing a Sri Lanka Cricket statement, said on Tuesday.
          'Be patient with Rohit, like Sri Lanka was with Sanga, Atapattu'   
India's batting coach Sanjay Bangar defend Rohit Sharma's repeated failures in Test cricket, saying the Mumbai batsman deserves the same patience Sri Lanka had with their greats, Marvan Atapattu and Kumar Sangakkara.
          Balance-providing Santner retained in NZ squad for Lanka series   
Spin-bowling all-rounder Mitchell Santner has been retained in New Zealand's 12-man squad for the two-match Test series against Sri Lanka after an impressive debut in the third and final Test against Australia.
          PCB confirms receiving government nod for India series   
Pakistan cricket authorities confirmed on Friday that they had received the green signal from the government to play a series against arch-rivals India to be hosted in Sri Lanka next month.
          Indo-Pak series: Sharif has given Pakistan approval to play in Lanka?   
According to sources, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has given his nod to Pakistan to play a bilateral series against India in Sri Lanka.
          BCCI seeks government clearance on Pakistan series   
The BCCI has formally sought the clearance of the central government to play Pakistan in Sri Lanka in December, its secretary Anurag Thakur confirmed.
          Will England host Indo-Pak Tests next year?   
The much talked-about India-Pakistan cricket series could be played out in two parts with Sri Lanka hosting the limited-overs games next month and England being the venue for Test matches next year.
          Sri Lanka likely venue for Indo-Pak series   
Sri Lanka has emerged as the likely venue for the much-awaited Indo-Pak bilateral cricket series and an official announcement may be made on November 27.
          'I am confident that I will get to play in Test matches again'   
The veteran off-spinner was part of the Indian squad for the Test series in Sri Lanka in August but was dropped for the ongoing four-match series against South Africa.
          Galle curator suspended for missing anti-graft meetings   
Galle chief curator Jayananda Warnaweera has been handed a two-year suspension from all cricket activities by Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) after the former test player missed two meetings with anti-corruption officials.
          Windies end dismal tour of Sri Lanka with consolation T20 victory   
The West Indies ended their dismal tour of Sri Lanka with a consolation victory after Dwayne Bravo's all-round brilliance secured a series-levelling 23-run win in the second and final Twenty20 International on Wednesday.
          Sri Lanka maintain winning run against West Indies   
Sri Lanka beat West Indies by 30 runs in the first Twenty20 International on Monday to go 1-0 up in the two-match series and extend the visitors' losing streak.
          Windies spinner Narine reported again for suspect action   
West Indies off-spinner Sunil Narine has been reported for a suspect bowling action during Saturday's third and final one-dayer against Sri Lanka, the International Cricket Council (ICC) said.
          Samuels ton in vain as Sri Lanka sweep ODI series   
Marlon Samuels' unbeaten century proved in vain as Sri Lanka beat West Indies by 19 runs under the Duckworth-Lewis method to complete a 3-0 one-day series whitewash on Saturday.
          Colombo ODI: Sri Lanka thwart Narine to beat West Indies in opener   
Sri Lanka paceman Suranga Lakmal took three quick wickets before Tillakaratne Dilshan smashed a 32-ball 59 to lead Sri Lanka to a tense one-wicket win in a rain-curtailed first one-dayer against West Indies.
10. Armed Islamic Group of Algeria (GIA)
Kelompok teroris ini berdiri pada bulan Juli 1992. Kelompok ini adalah kelompok oposan pemerintah Aljazair yang selalu melakukan aksi-aksi per-oposisi-anya dengan teror. Kelompok ini mulai terkenal di dunia setelah ikut serta dalam aksi pembajakan pesawat Air France 8969 pada tahun 1994.

9. Aden-Abyan Islamic Army
Kelompok ini adalah kelompok Jihad Islam terkemuka di Timur tengah, Namun begitu basisi kelompok teroris ini berada di Yaman. Belum jelas kapan kelompok ini didirikan, namun mulai terkenal di dunia setelah peristiwa penculikan 16 turis pada tahun 1998 di kota Abyan.

8. Jamaat Ansar al-Sunna
Kelompok Teroris ini berdiri tahun 2003, kelompok ini adalah kelompok yang menentang pemerintahan Irak di masa Nouri al maliki serta penentang keras pendudukan Amerika serikat di negeri 1001 malam itu.

7. Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia
Kelompok teroris Kolombia yang dianggap masih setia dengan paham Marxis-Leninis serta dianggap sebagai salah satu gembong perdagangan narkoba dunia. Didirikan tahun 1964 dan hingga kini tercacat ada 12 ribu pejuang dari kelompok ini yang setia menjarah uang orang-orang kaya untuk diberikan kepada masyarakat miskin.

6. Kurdistan Worker’s Party
Dikenal sebagai PKK, kelompok ini didirikan pada 27 November 1978 di Turki dan berorientasi untuk memerdekakan negara kurdi. Wilayah operasinya berada di Turki, Iran, Suriah dan Irak.

5. Liberation Tiger of Tamil Eelam
Kelompok teroris paling berpengaruh di Sri Lanka, didirikan oleh Velupillai Prabhakaran pada bulan Mei 1976. Dan hingga kini dilarang di 32 negara di dunia karena aksinya yang telah banyak membunuh petinggi Sri lanka dan India

4. Hezbollah
Salah satu kelompok teroris paling berbahaya di dunia. Kelompok teroris ini berpusat di Lebanon, namun juga eksis di Iran dan Suriah. Orientasi utamanya adalah memerdekakan negara-negara Syiah dari penjajahan Amerika serikat dan antek-anteknya.

3. Taliban
Taliban adalah organisasi teroris yang didirikan oleh suku Pashtun dengan dukungan beberapa negara Islam seperti Arab, Chechen, Uzbek, Tajik Punjabi. Sebagian besar anggotanya adalah mahasiswa. tujuan utamanya adalah mengusir pendudukan NATO di Afganistan dan sekitarnya.

2. Hamas
Singkatan untuk "Harakat Al-Muqawama Al-Islamia", Hamas adalah kelompok sosio-politik teroris Palestina yang didirikan pada tahun 1987. Organisasi ini didirikan dengan tujuan Jihad dan untuk melepaskan Palestina dari penjajahan Israel. Dikenal karena pelaku bom bunuh diri yang pemberani, kelompok teroris ini secara signifikan didukung oleh Hizbullah untuk membunuh warga sipil Israel dan petugas pertahanan.

1. Al-Qaeda
Siapa yang tak kenal dengan Al-Qaeda. Kelompok teror terbesar di antara semua kelompok teroris di seluruh dunia. Kelompok ekstrimis Islam ini didirikan pada tahun 1989 oleh Osama bin Laden, Kelompok ini terkenal di seluruh dunia setelah serangan 11 September. Walaupun pemimpin utamanya yakni Osama dikabarkan sudah tewas, namun organisasi ini tetap hidup.

          SL v Windies: Herath, Siriwardana spin to series win   
Rangana Herath picked up four wickets while spin partner Milinda Siriwardana took three as Sri Lanka defeated West Indies by 72 runs on the fifth day of the second and final Test on Monday to win the series 2-0.
          SL v Windies: Rain washes out fourth day's play in Colombo   
The fourth day's play in the second and final Test between Sri Lanka and West Indies was washed out due to persistent rain on Sunday.
          SL v Windies: Part-timer Brathwaite wreaks havoc with ball   
Part-time spinner Kraigg Brathwaite took six wickets in an inspired bowling performance as West Indies bowled Sri Lanka out for 206 in their second innings to leave the touring side with a target of 244 to win the second Test.
          P Sara Oval Test: Prasad earns Sri Lanka lead over West Indies   
Fast bowler Dhammika Prasad picked up four wickets as hosts Sri Lanka bundled out West Indies for 163 to take a first-innings lead on the second day of the second and final Test at the P Sara Oval on Friday.
          2nd Test: Debutant Warrican stars as WI dismiss Sri Lanka for 200   
West Indies left-arm spinner Jomel Warrican celebrated his test debut by capturing four wickets on the opening day of the second test against Sri Lanka at the P Sara Oval on Thursday.
          Jadeja replaces Harbhajan in Test squad, Yadav dropped for ODIs   
All-rounder Ravindra Jadeja on Monday made a comeback to the Indian team for the first two Tests against South Africa, replacing veteran Harbhajan Singh, who was the only casualty from the team which won the Test series in Sri Lanka last month.
          Herath spins Sri Lanka to massive win over Windies   
Herath added three wickets to his previous day's removal of opener Kraigg Brathwaite (34) after taking six wickets in the first innings. He finished with match figures of 10-147.
          Windies in early trouble as Herath strikes after Sri Lanka make 484   
Opener Dimuth Karunaratne missed out on a maiden double hundred but his 238-run stand with fellow centurion Dinesh Chandimal set up Sri Lanka's first-innings total of 484 on day two against West Indies in the opening test at Galle on Thursday.
          1st Test: Karunaratne hits century to frustrate Windies   
Opener Dimuth Karunaratne frustrated West Indies with a patient unbeaten century to help Sri Lanka reach 250-2 on the opening day and stay on course for a big first innings total in the first Test at Galle on Wednesday.
          Toss will play crucial role in Dharamsala T20, says Raina   
Senior India batsman Suresh Raina believes believes the team is brimming with confidence following the recent victory on Sri Lankan soil after 22 years.
          Sri Lanka off-spinner Kaushal barred from bowling doosra   
The 22-year-old, who has a distinctive high-knee run-up, can continue bowling off-breaks, the governing body said in a statement.
          Windies suspend coach Simmons for questioning 'legitimacy of selection'   
West Indies coach Phil Simmons was suspended on Monday for appearing to question the selection of his One-Day international squad that will tour Sri Lanka in November.
          'Ishant will be aggressive, but will learn where to draw the line'   
Team Director Ravi Shastri said that fast bowler Ishant Sharma will have to learn how to draw the line while playing aggressive cricket and conceded that the team will miss him in the first Test against the Proteas after he breached ICC Code of Conduct during the Sri Lanka series.
          I should be fully fit before South Africa series: Murali Vijay   
Having missed a few international games in Zimbabwe and Sri Lanka owing to a recurrent hamstring injury, India opener Murali Vijay has said he wants to attain peak fitness before the upcoming home series against South Africa.
          England appoint Jayawardene as batting consultant    
Former Sri Lanka captain Mahela Jayawardene has been appointed as the England's batting consultant on Tuesday for the upcoming three-match Test series against Pakistan in the United Arab Emirates.
          'As a captain Virat has got all the players going in one direction'   
Former Australian captain Steve Waugh has said Virat Kohli is on right track after he led India to a historic away Test series win in Sri Lanka.
          'Ashwin is the best off-spinner in the world at the moment'   
Team Director Ravi Shastri has praised R Ashwin for his performance in Sri Lanka and called him the best off-spinner in world at the moment.
          ICC match Referee Mahanama steps down   
Former Sri Lanka batsman Roshan Mahanama will step down from the Elite Panel of ICC Match Referees at the end of the year, the International Cricket Council said on Tuesday.
          Kohli, Dhawan among Delhi Ranji probables   
Besides Kohli, who led India to a historic Test series triumph in Sri Lanka recently, the likes of Shikhar Dhawan, Ishant Sharma, Gautam Gambhir and Ashish Nehra were also named among the probables.
          'India's Test series win against Sri Lanka was a united effort'   
Anil Kumble has said India's Test series win against Sri Lanka in the away tour was a tremendous achievement by the team.
          Sri Lanka appoint Jayaratne as interim cricket coach   
Jerome Jayaratne will be Sri Lanka's interim coach for the home series against West Indies beginning next month, the country's cricket board announced.
          'The way India bounced back in Sri Lanka is a great achievement'   
Sourav Ganguly has praised the team's series victory in Sri Lanka especially after losing the first Test.
          Dravid joins No 3 debate, says Rahane should bat at 5!   
India batting great Rahul Dravid says Ajinkya Rahane is more suited to the No. 5 position than No. 3, where he batted in two Tests during the just-concluded series against Sri Lanka.
          'If Ishant crossed the line it's because of Kohli's aggressiveness'   
If Ishant Sharma crossed the line in the just-concluded Test series against Sri Lanka it was mainly because of captain Virat Kohli's "aggressiveness", says the lanky pacer's childhood coach, Shravan Kumar.
          Atapattu quits as Sri Lanka coach after India defeat   
His resignation comes after the island nation's back-to-back Test series defeats to continental neighbours Pakistan and India in last three months.
          Saha 'happy to have played little part' in Sri Lanka series win   
Back-to-back half-centuries against Sri Lanka were just the confidence-booster Wriddhiman Saha needed as he slowly recovers from a hamstring injury that prevented him from playing in the third Test of the just concluded series.
          'Drawing a Test has to be the last option for this Indian team'   
Having registered their first series win on Sri Lankan soil in more than two decades, Indian Test captain Virat Kohli has declared that there will be no
          'Ishant's behaviour in Sri Lanka is pathetic display of aggression'   
Terming Ishant Sharma's verbal duels with the Sri Lankans a "pathetic display of aggression", former India captain Bishan Singh Bedi has said Test skipper Virat Kohli needs to control his own belligerence and be a role model for his players.
          Decoding Ishant Sharma: Slow starter to match-winner!   
Handed the responsibility of leading India's bowling attack, Ishant Sharma is living up to expectations. The Delhi pacer played a major role in the 2-1 victory in the Test series in Sri Lanka, the first for India in the island nation after a long wait of 22 years.
          Sri Lanka spinner Kaushal reported for illegal action during 3rd India Test   
Sri Lanka off-spinner Tharindu Kaushal has been reported for a suspect bowling action during the third Test against India, the International Cricket Council (ICC) said on Wednesday.
          India's Report Card: 10 for Ashwin; 9 for Ishant!   
Harish Kotian/Rediff.com assesses the Indian side after the 2-1 series triumph in Sri Lanka.
          'Kohli is a pro-active captain looking to make things happen'   
Lauding Virat Kohli for leading India to a historic series win against Sri Lanka legend Sunil Gavaskar has said that the young captain has shown early signs of great leadership with his "pro-active" approach.
          Ishant among four players sanctioned for breaching Code of Conduct   
Three Sri Lanka players and India's Ishant Sharma were found guilty of breaching the ICC Code of Conduct in two separate incidents during the penultimate day's play in the third Test at the Sinhalese Sports Club in Colombo.
          Stats: At 26, Kohli youngest Indian captain to win an away series   
Statistical highlights from Day 5 in the third and final Test between Sri Lanka and India.
          Tendulkar leads India greats in congratulating Kohli's victorious team   
Cricket icon Sachin Tendulkar joined a host of former greats in congratulating India's cricket team on the historic series triumph over Sri Lanka on Tuesday.
          PHOTOS: India seal Sri Lanka series despite Mathews ton   
Photos from Day 5 of the 3rd Test between India and Sri Lanka in Colombo in Tuesday
          India win Test series in Sri Lanka after 22 years   
Chasing a daunting target of 386, the hosts collapsed after skipper Angelo Mathews was dismissed for 110, his seventh Test century, and were dismissed for 268.
          Repeat offender Ishant charged for misconduct   
Sri Lankans Thirimanne, Chandimal and Prasad also charged
          No 9 batsmen score a 50 in both innings for India   
Guess how many ducks the Sri Lankan and Indian batsmen have scored this series? Rajneesh Gupta has some interesting figures from Day 4.
          Prasad's bouncers make Ishant animated, furious!   
Fast bowler Ishant Sharma was again involved in an altercation with Sri Lankan players during India's second innings on Day 4 of the third Test in Colombo, on Monday.
          PHOTOS: India seven wickets away from series win in Lanka   
Images from Day 4 in the third and final Test between Sri Lanka and India, in Colombo, on Monday
          Gavaskar slams on-field rows during India-Lanka series   
Former India captain Sunil Gavaskar condemned the ugly on-field altercations between Indian and Sri Lanka players on Day 4 of the third and final Test in Colombo on Friday, saying such incidents are poor advertisement for the sport.
          India on threshold of historic Test series win in Sri Lanka   
India are in sight of their first series triumph on Sri Lankan soil in 22 years, having reduced the hosts to 67 for 3 after setting them a daunting target of 386 in the third and final Test in Colombo on Friday.
          PHOTOS: Ishant shines but Sri Lanka fight back on Day 3   
Photos from Day 3 of the third Test played between India and Sri Lanka in Colombo on Sunday
          India off to a horror start after Ishant sends SL crashing for 201   
Ishant Sharma claimed five wickets as India bowled out Sri Lanka for 201 to claim a healthy 111-run first innings lead, on Day 3 of the third and final Test in Colombo, on Sunday.
          PHOTOS: Pujara makes a strong statement with a fighting century   
Images of the third Test between India and Sri Lanka being played in Colombo
          SSC Test: Pujara ton helps India claw back against Sri Lanka   
Cheteshwar Pujara marked his comeback with a gritty unbeaten century as India recovered from an early slump to reach a decent 292-8 in their first innings of the third and final Test against Sri Lanka on Saturday.
          Rain ruins Day 1 of third Test, India 50-2   
Rain played spoilsport on the opening day, washing out more than two sessions, after India had recovered to 50 for two in their first innings in the third and final Test against Sri Lanka at the Sinhalese Sports Club in Colombo, on Friday.
          PHOTOS: India suffer early blows on rain-shortened Day 1 in 3rd Test   
Images from Day 1 in the third Test between India and Sri Lanka, in Colombo.
          Gavaskar prefers Bhuvneshwar in place of Binny for final Test   
Former captain Sunil Gavaskar said that India should field five specialist bowlers by leaving out Stuart Binny from the playing XI if they want to win the third and final Test against Sri Lanka beginning Friday in Colombo.
          'There's no point being shy of going for a win in third Test'   
Team Director Ravi Shastri says India needs the right balance and play proper cricket, like it did in the second Test, to wrap the Sri Lanka series.
          Can Kohli's India clinch first Test series in Lanka in 22 years?   
India goes into the third and final Test against Sri Lanka in Colombo on Friday hoping to register their first series victory in the island nation in 22 years.
          'From what we've seen till now, Kohli has good leadership skills'   
Former Sri Lanka captain Sanath Jayasuriya has lauded Virat Kohli for his leadership qualities in his initial days as Test skipper.
          'It is very difficult to predict the outcome of the third Test'   
With Ravichandran Ashwin and Amit Mishra tormenting Sri Lankan team in the first two Tests, former captain Sanath Jayasuriya feels that the newer crop of batsmen emerging from the island nation have not done proper assessment of their ability to handle quality spinners.
          Fingers crossed, I will perform well, says 'under pressure' Ojha   
Wicketkeeper-batsman Naman Ojha says he will be "under pressure" to perform if he makes the playing eleven in the decisive third Test against Sri Lanka, starting Friday, after the freak injury to Wriddhiman Saha opened the door for him after a "long wait".
          England to host Sri Lanka and Pakistan in 2016   
England are to play three home Tests against Sri Lanka next year and four against Pakistan.
          'Tuk-tuk' and badminton as Team India enjoys day off in Colombo   
Fresh from their series-levelling victory in the second Test against Sri Lanka in Colombo, some Indian players including captain Virat Kohli were seen enjoying a game of badminton.
          India should continue being aggressive, play five bowlers: Vaas   
Impressed with India's aggressive brand of cricket in the two Tests so far, former Sri Lanka pacer Chaminda Vaas on Tuesday said that the five-bowler theory is reaping rich results for the young visiting side.
          'Mature' Ishant leading the Indian attack well, says Sharma   
Former India pacer Chetan Sharma believes Ishant Sharma has matured as a bowler and is leading the attack well following good performances with the ball in the ongoing three-Test series in Sri Lanka.
          PHOTOS: Rare tears for Sangakkara in emotional farewell ceremony   
Sri Lankan batting legend Kumar Sangakkara fought back tears in an emotional farewell where the country's President Maithripala Sirisena stumped him by offering the High Commissioner's post to United Kingdom, in Colombo, on Monday.
          India's real Test will come outside sub-continent: Gavaskar   
Hailing India's series levelling win against Sri Lanka in the second Test as a start of a bright future, former captain Sunil Gavaskar said that the Virat Kohli-led side not only looks "determined" but has also found the right balance in all departments.
          Stats: Record-breaker Ashwin continues golden run in SL   
Rajneesh Gupta presents interesting statistics from Day 5 in the second Test between India and Sri Lanka.
          We didn't bat for time, laments Mathews   
Sri Lankan skipper Angelo Mathews has blamed his batsmen for the heavy defeat in the second Test against India in Colombo, saying they lost the game with their first innings batting.
          Very happy to take over the gloves, says Rahul after replacing Saha   
India opener Lokesh Rahul says the thumping 278-run victory over Sri Lanka in the second Test will help the players regain confidence going into the third and final Test of the series, starting in Colombo on Friday.
          PHOTOS: Kohli records first win as Test captain in Sanga's swansong   
Off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin claimed five second innings wickets as India beat Sri Lanka by 278 runs in the second Test for a series-levelling victory at the P Sara Oval, in Colombo, on Monday.
          Kohli gets first win as captain as India hit back to level series   
Ravichandran Ashwin produced another magical spell to scalp five wickets as India notched up a series-levelling 278-run victory in the second Test against Sri Lanka, denying the legendary Kumar Sangakkara a fairytale farewell from the game.
          Kohli's heartwarming farewell message to Sangakkara   
Indian Test skipper Virat Kohli has penned a heartwarming farewell message to retiring Sri Lankan batsman Kumar Sangakkara.
          Stats: Why Sanga is best player in the sub-continent   
Statistical highlights from Day 4 in the second Test between India and Sri Lanka, in Colombo.
          Vijay, Saha ruled out of the Sri Lanka tour   
In a big blow to India, opening batsman Murali Vijay and wicketkeeper Wriddhiman Saha were ruled out for the remainder of the Test series against Sri Lanka due to injuries.
          Call up is a dream come true for me: Nair   
Named as a replacement player for injured Murali Vijay in the Indian squad for the third and final Test against Sri Lanka, young Karun Nair said that the call up was a dream come true for him and will boost his confidence.
          'Building partnerships was the crucial aspect of our batting today'   
Indian batsman Ajinkya Rahane said that his team will have to bowl with a lot of patience on fifth day on Monday in their pursuit of victory in the second Test against Sri Lanka in Colombo.
          PHOTOS: India sniff win as Sangakkara flops in final innings    
Images of the fourth day's play of the second Test between India and Sri Lanka being played in Colombo.
          '#ThankYouSanga' tributes pour in for Sri Lankan great Sangakkara   
As the stylish left-hander, Kumar Sangakkara, draws curtains to his illustrious career, here are tributes pouring from him from across the world.
          Rahane ton leads the way as India eye series-leveling win   
India were eyeing a series-leveling win in the second Test by reducing Sri Lanka to 72 for two after setting the hosts a daunting victory target of 413, riding on Ajinkya Rahane's sparkling century.
          PHOTOS: A tribute to Sangakkara as he walks into sunset   
Kumar Sangakkara, who rose to become one of the greatest Sri Lankan to have played the game, walked out to bat for one final time in international cricket amid a standing ovation at the P Sara Oval and guard of honour by the visiting Indian team.
          Sri Lanka's Thirimanne fined   
Sri Lankan middle-order batsman Lahiru Thirimanne was today fined 30 per cent of his match fee for 'showing dissent at an umpires's decision.'
          100 overs! That's all India need to bowl out Sri Lanka again!   
Looking to set a 350-plus target for Sri Lanka, says Amit Mishra.
          PHOTOS: Mathews hits ton but India power ahead on Day 3   
Images of the third day's play of the second Test between India and Sri Lanka being played in Colombo.
          Colombo Test: India regain the initiative after Mathews ton   
India gained an upperhand in the second Test against Sri Lanka by taking a handy 87-run first innings lead despite a fighting century by rival skipper Angelo Mathews in Colombo on Saturday.
          Bowling coach reveals how India restricted Lankan batsmen   
Bowling coach Bharat Arun said that India are in a comfortable position currently and targetting a first innings lead of around 100 runs, in the second Test match against Sri Lanka, in Colombo.
          PHOTOS: Colombo Test on even keel after thrilling Day 2   
Retiring home hero Kumar Sangakkara featured in a brief rebuilding act in his final Test as Sri Lanka reached 140 for three in reply to India's first innings total of 393 on day two of the second Test in Colombo, on Friday. Images from the second day's play.
          Bowlers keep Lanka in check after Saha swells India's total   
Retiring legend Kumar Sangakkara was unable to get a big knock in his swansong Test appearance but Sri Lanka overcame an early jolt to post 140 for 3, after dismissing India for 393 in the first innings, on Day 2 of the second Test in Colombo on Friday.
          Stats: Captain Kohli on a Bradmanesque run with the bat!   
Rajneesh Gupta presents the interesting numbers from Day 1 of the second Test between Sri Lanka and India in Colombo.
          Ton-up Rahul feels he should have scored more   
He may have scored a fluent century to steady India from the early jitters against Sri Lanka in the second Test, but opener Lokesh Rahul has mixed feelings about his innings.
          Gavaskar says India 'sacrificed' Rahane at No. 3   
Former captain Sunil Gavaskar lashed out at the team management's decision to make Ajinkya Rahane bat at number three in the first innings of the second Test against Sri Lanka, on Thursday, saying it "sacrificed" an "uncomplaining" cricketer.
          PHOTOS: Rahul leads India's recovery with hundred on Day 1   
Images from the opening day of the first Test between Sri Lanka and India in Colombo, on Thursday.
          Sri Lanka fight back with late strikes after Rahul ton   
Opener Lokesh Rahul scored a fighting century as India recovered from early jitters to post 319 for six in their first innings on Day 1 of the second Test against Sri Lanka, in Colombo, on Thursday.
          BCCI felicitates retiring Sangakkara   
The Board of Control for Cricket in India secretary Anurag Thakur felicitated Sri Lanka's batting great Kumar Sangakkara before the start of second Test here in Colombo on Thursday.
          Binny will lend balance to Indian team: Gavaskar   
Former captain Sunil Gavaskar said all-rounder Stuart Binny would lend much needed balance to the Indian team which is keen to bounce back after an embarrassing defeat in the first Test against Sri Lanka.
          Six GREAT comebacks in Test cricket    
Sri Lanka's victory in the first Test at Galle will rank among the greatest comebacks of all time.
          Is Shastri among the contenders for new India coach's job?   
Board of Control for Cricket in India's secretary Anurag Thakur on Wednesday left for Colombo where he will be meeting Indian cricket team's director Ravi Shastri on the sidelines of the second Test against Sri Lanka, starting on Thursday.
          Injured Pradeep likely to miss second Test against India   
Sri Lankan medium-pacer Nuwan Pradeep is likely to miss the second cricket Test against India, starting on Thursday as he is yet to fully recover from a hamstring injury.
          India need something special to spoil Sanga's farewell   
The Virat Kohli-led team must take inspiration from the last trip to Sri Lanka, in 2010, when India beat Sri Lanka by five wickets, thanks to hundreds from Virender Sehwag and VVS Laxman.
          The problem with Harbhajan: He is trying too hard...   
Harbhajan Singh's lackluster performance in the first cricket Test against Sri Lanka has put him under pressure.
          Pujara or Rahane for Rohit at No 3?    
Who do you feel is India's best bat for the No. 3 slot in the second Test against Sri Lanka, starting on Thursday, August 20.
          'The endeavor of this Indian team is to play fearless cricket'   
Notwithstanding India's shock defeat in the first Test against Sri Lanka, Team Director Ravi Shastri has made it clear that the team will not change its style of play in the remaining two Tests, saying the endeavour has always been to play "fearless cricket".
          Injury puts Dhawan out of Sri Lanka series   
Opening batsman Shikhar Dhawan has been ruled out of the rest of the Sri Lanka Test series following the injury to his right hand.
          Is it time for India to embrace DRS? Check out what Kohli has to say   
Indian Test captain Virat Kohli made it clear that the issue regarding the use of the controversial Decision Review System (DRS) needs to be deliberated after the end of the ongoing three-Test series against Sri Lanka.
          Emotional farewell for Sangakkara in Galle   
The Sri Lankan supporters and players present at the Galle International stadium gave a fitting farewell to Kumar Sangakkara.
          Herath spins Sri Lanka to comeback win as India's batting flops   
Rangana Herath picked up seven wickets in a sublime display of left-arm spin bowling to power Sri Lanka to a spectacular comeback win by 63 runs against India on the fourth day of the opening test at Galle on Saturday.
          1st Test PHOTOS: India sink to a shocking defeat against Lanka   
In an extraordinary twist to the game, India on Saturday capitulated to an embarassing 63-run defeat in the first cricket Test against Sri Lanka.
          India have always struggled to get the bottom five: Gavaskar   
Former captain Sunil Gavaskar says it was not a surprise that India struggled to wipe off the bottom half of the Sri Lankan batting line up since it was team's old habit and the pitch also tends to settle on the second and third day of a Test match, making batting easier.
          Rahane first fielder to take 8 catches in a Test   
Ajinkya Rahane became the first fielder in Test history to take eight catches, achieving the feat in the ongoing first Test against Sri Lanka in Galle on Friday.
          Chandimal, Rahane steal limelight on Day 3 in Galle   
Interesting numbers from the third day's play in the first Test between India and Sri Lanka, at Galle.
          Galle Test: Chandimal's resilient ton makes India bat a second time   
India were set a tricky target of 176 runs to win the first Test against Sri Lanka after Dinesh Chandimal produced a counter-attacking unbeaten 162 to lead a spirited fightback for the hosts in Galle.
          'India have got a very good spin attack at the moment'   
Blaming their woeful performance to the 'transition phase', Sri Lankan spin legend Muttiah Muralitharan said it is advantage India in the ongoing series and they would take couple of years to rebuild the team.
          PHOTOS: Dhawan, Kohli bury Sri Lanka under pile of runs   
Photos from Day two's play of the first Test match between India and Sri Lanka being played in Galle
          Dhawan, Kohli hit tons as India take firm grip on Galle Test   
India took a firm grip on the first Test against Sri Lanka by taking a first innings lead of 192 and snaring the hosts' openers in the second innings by the end of Day 2 in Galle on Thursday.
          'Being self-critical has enabled me to try and discover myself'   
Ravichandran Ashwin has said he rediscovered himself after critically analysing his bowling, as he left the Sri Lankans bamboozled with a six-wicket haul, which gave India an upper hand in the first Test in Galle.
          Stats: Ashwin wins the numbers game on Day 1 in Galle   
Rajneesh Gupta presents some interesting numbers from Day 1 in the first Test between India and Sri Lanka.
          Galle Test: Ashwin grabs six as India take control on Day I   
Off-spinner Ravichandran Ashwin spun a web around Sri Lankan batsmen with a six-wicket haul as India dismissed the hosts for a paltry 183 in the first innings to gain the upperhand on the opening day of the first Test in Galle on Wednesday.
          PHOTOS: How Ashwin foxed the Sri Lankans in Galle   
Images from Day 1 in the first Test between India and Sri Lanka at Galle.
          India-Sri Lanka Tests, like you have never seen before!   
Which Indian batsman has the highest run tally against Sri Lanka (Clue: He has an aggregate of 1,995 runs)?
          'Rohit is better choice but I feel Virat should bat at No. 3'   
Rohit Sharma is set to play at number three in the first Test against Sri Lanka beginning on Wednesday but Sunil Gavaskar feels India captain Virat Kohli should bat at the crucial position.
          I haven't seen Bradman but have watched Sangakkara: Mathews   
In a fitting tribute to Kumar Sangakkara, Sri Lanka skipper Angelo Mathews spoke of Don Bradman and the retiring great in the same breath, calling him the most "consistent batsman he has ever seen".
          'It's my first full series and an opportunity to create a new team'   
Virat Kohli's aggressive strategy to deploy five specialist bowlers will be tested when India go into the three-match cricket Test series against Sri Lanka in Galle on Wednesday, hoping to end a 22-year-old wait for a series triumph on Lankan soil.
          Figure out Sri Lanka's run-machine Kumar Sangakkara   
The 37-year-old is Sri Lanka's highest run-scorer in both Tests and ODIs and is also among the few players to have hit a century against all Test-playing nations.Check out some of his interesting records by clicking on the boxes below:
          Rain looms as Kohli's Team India eye series win in Sri Lanka after 22 years   
Rain threatens to disrupt the first day's play when Sri Lanka and India face-off in the opening Test at Galle on Wednesday.
          ICC Test rankings: India eye third spot, Sri Lanka look to overtake   
The Indian team can rise to as high as third in the ICC Test rankings if Virat Kohli's men whitewash Sri Lanka in the three-match series starting on Wednesday.
          'Playing against the Sri Lankan spinners shouldn't be a problem'   
Rohit Sharma has said that playing Sri Lanka at home will be a challenge for the Indian team as they have some good spinners who can utilize the sub-continent pitches effectively.
          'Big blow' for India as injured Vijay ruled out of opening Sri Lanka Test   
The 31-year-old has been ruled out of the opening test due to a mild hamstring strain, the Team India Director Ravi Shastri said in Colombo, on Monday.
          How Lanka is preparing to bid farewell to their 'greatest batsman'   
While India have been busy with their preparations in Sri Lanka, focus among the locals is slowly shifting to their heroic batsman Kumar Sangakkara.
          Look who is eager to see how Kohli shapes up as leader...   
Eager to see how Virat Kohli shapes up as a leader, former Sri Lankan batsman Romesh Kaluwitharana said India's new firebrand cricket captain looks hungry for wins.
          Bowlers impress as Indians dominate in drawn encounter   
Indian cricketers got much-needed match practice as they enjoyed an upper hand on all three days against Sri Lanka Board President's XI in the tour opener that ended in a tame draw in Colombo.
          Director Shastri set to join Indian team in Sri Lanka   
Team director Ravi Shastri will join the Indian cricket team in Colombo on Friday night ahead of the first Test against Sri Lanka beginning in Galle on August 12.
          Ishant shines with the ball, but Kohli and Rohit fail again   
India pacer Ishant Sharma wrecked havoc with the ball as he claimed a five-wicket haul to leave the Sri Lanka Board President's XI in tatters on Day 2 of the three-day tour match, in Colombo, on Friday.
          Will variety in bowling help India win series in Sri Lanka?   
Backing Virat Kohli's five-bowler theory to win Test matches, former batsman Russel Arnold said that the Indian pace attack has the variety to match their Sri Lankan counterparts.
          Vishwa Fernando the only new face in SL side for India Test   
Sri Lanka named a 16-member team for the upcoming Test series against India with uncapped 23-year-old fast bowler Vishwa Fernando the only fresh face picked by the national selectors.
          Hamstrung Vijay likely to be fit before first Test   
Indian opener Murali Vijay was unable to bat on Day 1 of the only tour game due to a hamstring strain but is expected to get fit for the first Test against Sri Lanka in Galle starting August 12, the team management said.
          Rahane scores a ton as Kohli, Rohit fail in Sri Lanka opener   
Ajinkya Rahane scored an unbeaten hundred but skipper Virat Kohli's poor form continued as the touring Indians put up 314 for six on the opening day of their only three-day tour game against Sri Lanka Board President's XI in Colombo, on Thursday.
          'Captaincy and batting are two aspects that I will try not to mix'   
India Test skipper Virat Kohli has said captaincy won't be an added pressure for him in the tough assignment in Sri Lanka and he will look to play good cricket in the three-Test series starting next week.
          Coach's mantra for Aaron and Yadav: 'Bowl fast and also be accurate'   
India's bowling coach Bharat Arun is confident that the team's speed merchants Varun Aaron and Umesh Yadav will take up the challenge to maintain speed as well as be accurate in the upcoming three-Test series against Sri Lanka, starting on August 12 at Galle.
          England to appoint Jayawardene as short-term batting consultant   
Former Sri Lanka captain Mahela Jayawardene is set to be appointed as a batting consultant by England for their upcoming Test and limited-overs series against Pakistan in the United Arab Emirates.
          Rain set to affect India's only practice match ahead of SL Tests   
Looking for a proper tune-up before the three-match Test series against hosts Sri Lanka gets underway, India would be hoping that rain stays away from their one and only three-day practice game beginning at the R Premadasa Stadium in Colombo, on Thursday.
          Malinga is a truly world-class bowler, true champion: Tendulkar   
Appreciating speedster Lasith Malinga, Sachin Tendulkar said the Sri Lankan is a world-class bowler and that it was a fantastic experience to play with him in the Indian Premier League.
          'Competition in the top order is a good challenge to have'   
Skipper Virat Kohli's strategy to field five bowlers would mean that six specialist batsmen can hardly afford to relax but opener Murali Vijay said there won't be any extra pressure on them when they clash with Sri Lanka in a Test series, starting next week.
          'It's great to have Harbhajan's vision and ideas back into team'   
India Test captain Virat Kohli says senior off-spinner Harbhajan Singh will have a crucial role to play in the upcoming series in Sri Lanka.
          10 Indian innings in Sri Lanka to remember!   
Featuring Virender Sehwag, Sachin Tendulkar, V V S Laxman, Mohammad Azharuddin, Sourav Ganguly, Vinod Kambli...
          Kohli denies there was friction in the team   
Virat Kohli is known for speaking his heart out. On the eve of team's departure to Sri Lanka, he made it a point to clarify his statement about the team's poor performance after the ODI series loss to Bangladesh was taken out of context.
          Thrilling one-wicket win hands Pakistan T20 series   
Pakistan ended their tour of Sri Lanka with a dramatic one-wicket victory in the second Twenty20 on Saturday to complete a 2-0 series win, having also triumphed in the Test and ODI encounters.
          Aggressive cricketers like Kohli make it big: Dravid   
Rahul Dravid expects Virat Kohli to deliver in his first full series as Test captain when the Indian cricket team leaves for Sri Lanka, besides backing the star batsman to continue playing in his "aggressive" style.
          Colombo T20I: Tanvir helps Pakistan secure easy win over Sri Lanka   
Pakistan continued their impressive tour of Sri Lanka by comprehensively beating the hosts by 29 runs in the first Twenty20 International of the two-match series on Thursday.
          I am in a tricky position regarding my Test spot: Rohit Sharma   
Rohit Sharma knows that he is in a "very tricky position" but wants to utilize the upcoming Sri Lanka tour and the subsequent tour of South Africa at home to cement his spot in the five-day format.
          Sri Lanka record consolation win in final ODI vs Pakistan   
Sri Lanka salvaged some pride after battering Pakistan by 165 runs in the fifth and final One-dayer at Hambantota on Sunday.
          'A lot of our young guys will want to impress the Indian captain'   
Rahul Dravid has hailed Virat Kohli's decision to play against Australia A, saying it shows Test skipper's intent and keenness to prepare himself for the upcoming Sri Lanka series.
          'The India-Sri Lanka Test series is going to be a close one'   
Virender Sehwag has said India's upcoming tour to Sri Lanka will be a closely-fought affair.
          Wahab withdraws from Lanka T20 series due to injury   
Left-arm pacer Wahab Riaz has withdrawn himself from Pakistan's two-match T20 International series against Sri Lanka owing to a hand injury.
          Sri Lanka tour will be tough: Mishra   
Thrilled to be recalled to the Test squad, leg-spinner Amit Mishra says his good form is enough motivation for him to do well in the upcoming three-Test series against Sri Lanka.
          Meet India's Test squad for the Sri Lanka tour   
Barring Amit Mishra's inclusion, there were no major surprise in India's Test squad for the tour of Sri Lanka, the selectors retaining as many as 14 players who had toured Bangladesh for the one-off
          'Considering the wickets, we've tried to get the balance right'   
When the selectors sat down to pick the Indian side for the Sri Lanka tour, they had plenty on their plate.
          Amit Mishra back in Test squad for Sri Lanka series   
Out of favour for more than four years, veteran leg-spinner Amit Mishra staged a comeback to India's Test squad for the three-Test away series against Sri Lanka, starting August 12.
          Shehzad leads Pakistan to series win over Sri Lanka   
Ahmed Shehzad smashed 95 off 90 balls as Pakistan thrashed below-par Sri Lanka by seven wickets in the fourth one-day match in Colombo on Wednesday to clinch the five-match series.
          Will Axar or Mishra make the cut as third spinner for SL Tests?   
The third specialist spinner's slot will be the subject of much deliberation when the national selection committee, headed by Sandeep Patil, meets in New Delhi, on Thursday, to announce the squad for the three-Test away series against Sri Lanka, starting August 12.
          'It is important for India to play to their potential in Sri Lanka'   
VVS Laxman believes that the current national cricket team is full of match-winners and if they play to their potential, they can
          PHOTOS: Amid flares and crowd trouble, Pakistan win in Colombo   
Crowd trouble tarnished Pakistan's victory over Sri Lanka as missiles were thrown onto the pitch in the third ODI in Colombo.
          Sarfraz, Yasir help Pakistan crush Sri Lanka, take 2-1 lead   
Sarfraz Ahmed celebrated his promotion with a breezy 77 and leg-spinner Yasir Shah claimed a career-best 4-29 to help Pakistan crush Sri Lanka by 135 runs in the second one-day international and go 2-1 up in the five-match series.
          Perera hits second fastest ODI fifty as Sri Lanka win   
Sri Lanka opener Kusal Perera blasted the second fastest one-day fifty in their series-levelling two-wicket victory against Pakistan in the second ODI at Pallekele on Wednesday.
          Hafeez shines in win over Sri Lanka   
Pakistan beat Sri Lanka by six wickets to go 1-0 up in the five-match series.
          India's tour of Sri Lanka: Galle to host first Test on August 12   
The dates for India's tour to Sri Lanka next month are out.
          Sangakkara to bid adieu to cricket during home series   
Sri Lankan batting great Kumar Sangakkara will end his international career at the P Sara Oval in August.
          Bangladesh, Pakistan have eye on ICC Champions Trophy 2017   
The battle for the final two available places in the ICC Champions Trophy 2017 will hot up when Bangladesh squares off against South Africa in the opening match of the three-One-Day International series in Mirpur on Friday and Sri Lanka hosts Pakistan in the first of five matches in Dambulla on Saturday.
          Pakistan shoot to third in Test rankings; India drop to fifth   
Pakistan jumped three places to third in the ICC Test Championship table following the seven-wicket victory over Sri Lanka in the third and final Test in Pallekele on Tuesday.
          Busy calendar could change Team India's Lanka tour dates   
The Board of Control for Cricket in India is planning to advance India's cricket tour of Sri Lanka by at least a week.
          Younis stars as Pakistan chase down 377 to win Sri Lanka series   
Younis Khan scored an epic unbeaten 171 to guide Pakistan to their highest successful run chase and a seven-wicket victory over Sri Lanka in the third Test in Pallekele on Tuesday. It enabled the tourists clinch the three-match series by a 2-1 margin.
          Sri Lanka drop Herath, Kaushal for ODI series vs Pakistan   
Sri Lanka have dropped Test spinners Rangana Herath and Tharindu Kaushal from their One-day squad for the five-match series against Pakistan starting on Saturday.
          Umar Akmal fails to report for training, selectors ignore him   
The national selection committee ignored senior Pakistan batsman Umar Akmal for the coming one-day series in Sri Lanka.
          Masood, Younis put Pakistan in sight of rare win in Sri Lanka   
Unbeaten centuries by Shan Masood and Younis Khan kept Pakistan on course for a landmark victory in the series-deciding third and final Test against Sri Lanka, in Pallekele, on Monday. Set a challenging target of 377 runs, the tourists recovered from a shaky 13 for 2 to move to 230 without further loss by stumps on a rain-free fourth day.
          Captain Mathews puts Sri Lanka in driver's seat   
Sri Lanka skipper Angelo Mathews led by example, hitting an unbeaten 77 to help his team overcome a top order wobble and take a 291-run lead against Pakistan at the end of the third day's play in the third and final Test at Pallekele on Sunday.
          3rd Test: Pakistan's Shah takes fifer but Lanka dominate   
Pakistan leg-spinner Yasir Shah claimed his third five-wicket haul of the series but Sri Lanka took the upper hand on day two of the third and final Test by restricting the visitors to 209 for nine at Pallekele on Saturday.
          Karunaratne ton rescues Sri Lanka after Shah strikes   
Dimuth Karunaratne's second Test century lifted Sri Lanka to 272 for eight against Pakistan after Yasir Shah exposed their frailties against leg-spin on the opening day of the series-deciding third and final Test in Pallekele on Friday.
          Sri Lanka beat Pakistan by seven wickets to level series   
Sri Lanka needed a little over 26 overs to chase down a 153-run victory target for a series-levelling seven-wicket victory in the second Test against Pakistan on Monday.
          Sri Lanka need 153 to win after dour Azhar Ali ton   
Sri Lanka require 153 runs for a series-levelling victory after Pakistan rode Azhar Ali's obdurate century before being all out for 329 on day four of the second Test on Sunday.
          Sri Lanka lead by 166 runs after Shah takes five   
Skipper Angelo Mathews and opener Kaushal Silva hit half-centuries to help Sri Lanka take a 166-run first innings lead against Pakistan and push for a series-levelling victory on day two of the second Test on Friday.
          Injured Riaz out of ongoing Test series v Lanka   
Pakistan's pace spearhead Wahab Riaz will miss the remainder of the three-test series against Sri Lanka with a hand injury, the country's cricket board said on Friday.
          Review row hits Sri Lanka-Pakistan Test   
Pakistan were granted an extra review option after being robbed of a wicket due to an apparent error by TV umpire Paul Reiffel during the second Test in Colombo.
          Kaushal bags five wickets as Pakistan dismissed for 138   
Sri Lanka off-spinner Tharindu Kaushal scythed through Pakistan's batting order to pick up his first five-wicket haul as the visitors were bundled out for 138 on the opening day of the second test on Thursday.
          Pakistan's Hafeez reported for chucking again, faces one-year ban   
Pakistan's Mohammad Hafeez once again faces a harrowing task of getting his action cleared after the off-spinner was called for chucking during the team's 10-wicket win against Sri Lanka in the first Test at Galle.
          1st Test: Shah stars as Pakistan thrash Sri Lanka   
Pakistan's Yasir Shah claimed seven second innings wickets in a spectacular display of leg-spin bowling to destroy Sri Lanka.
          Shafiq, Sarfraz give Pakistan control against Sri Lanka   
Asad Shafiq's seventh hundred and a belligerent 96 from Sarfraz Ahmed helped give Pakistan a sizeable lead against Sri Lanka on the fourth day of the opening Test at Galle on Saturday.
          Bowlers, Silva give Lanka upper hand against Pakistan   
Sri Lanka took the upper hand after the third day of the opening Test at Galle on Friday, reducing Pakistan to 118-5 after Kaushal Silva's second Test century took the hosts to 300 in their first innings.
          Silva, Sangakkara lead Sri Lanka's charge against Pakistan   
Kaushal Silva stayed on course for his second Test hundred after featuring in a century-plus stand with Kumar Sangakkara to help Sri Lanka to 178 for 3 on Day 2 of the first Test against Pakistan at Galle on Thursday.
          Rain washes out Day1 of Sri Lanka-Pakistan first Test   
The heavy downpour in the morning had delayed the toss and it relented for a while only to start drizzling again, prompting the umpires to call off the day's play.
          Will five-bowler strategy work for Team India in the subcontinent?   
With India set to host South Africa and Sri Lanka in Test series later this year, captain, Virat Kohli is sure that it is his bowling unit that will eventually make a difference.
          'The batsmen are likely to be at ease on this Fatullah pitch'   
They might be the hosts but the Bangladesh team has been left baffled by the pitch for the one-off Test against India with their Sri Lankan coach
          Pakistan recall opener Ahmed Shehzad for Sri Lanka Tests   
Opener Ahmed Shehzad has been recalled to Pakistan's Test squad for the tour of Sri Lanka after being dropped for the April-May series against Bangladesh on disciplinary grounds. Besides Shehzad, the selectors also recalled southpaw Shan Masood, another out-of-favour opener, who was ignored for the last few series and tournaments.
          Pakistan's SL tour has no surprises in store   
Pakistan selectors will have no surprises in store when they announce the Test squad for the tour of Sri Lanka on the next 48 hours apart from recalling talented opener Ahmed Shehzad.
          Sri Lanka rope in Jonty Rhodes for short stint to improve fielding   
Sri Lankan cricketers are to get fielding tips from the man who pretty much revolutionized the art after former South African player Jonty Rhodes agreed to a short stint with them.
          Bayliss set to be named England coach?   
Yorkshire coach Gillespie was widely expected to get the job but new England cricket director Andrew Strauss has opted for the 52-year-old Bayliss who led Sri Lanka to the 2011 World Cup final, a newspaper reported.
          SHOCKING! Sex bribe scandal rocks Sri Lankan women's cricket   
Sri Lanka's sports ministry said on Friday that an investigation had found evidence that members of the national women's cricket team had been forced to perform sexual favours for officials.
          Zimbabwe team arrives in Pakistan amid tight security   
The Zimbabwe cricket team arrived in Lahore on Tuesday, the first test-playing nation to tour Pakistan since a gun attack on Sri Lanka's team bus in 2009 had left six policemen and a van driver dead.
          Hobart-loving Sangakkara signs up for Australia's Big Bash   
Sri Lankan batting great Kumar Sangakkara has given Australia's domestic Twenty20 league a major shot in the arm by signing up to play for the Hobart Hurricanes from next season.
          'If a bowler exceeds 15 degrees then he should be reported'   
Former Sri Lanka spin sensation Muttiah Muralitharan discusses the BCCI's clampdown on suspect bowling actions and his role as bowling coach and mentor of Sunrisers Hyderabad with Harish Kotian/Rediff.com
          Angry Vaas resigns as Sri Lanka's bowling coach   
It was believed that Vaas and Sri Lanka's head coach Marvan Atapattu were not getting along well in recent times.
          Sri Lanka mulls options as ICC threatens to stop funds   
The appointment of an interim body to run Sri Lankan cricket is in tune with laws governing the island nation, the country's sports minister said on Friday.
          Zimbabwe set to visit Pakistan, first by a Test nation since 2009!   
If Zimbabwe agrees to the tour it would be the first by a Test playing nation to Pakistan since militants attacked the Sri Lankan cricket team in Lahore in March 2009.
          Sangakkara, Lanning named Wisden Cricketer of the World    
Sri Lanka great Kumar Sangakkara has been named as the Leading Cricketer in the World in the 2015 Wisden Cricketers' Almanack.
          Senanayake to replace Saeed Ajmal at Worcestershire   
Sri Lankan off-spinner Sachithra Senanayake has signed up with English county team Worcestershire, replacing Pakistan's Saeed Ajmal for the upcoming season.
          Play on...Sri Lankan minister urges Sangakkara   
'I humbly request Kumar Sangakkara to render his service to the country for another one year.'
          At home in Australia, India reaps tri-series benefits at World Cup   
While three of their neighbours -- Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh -- crashed out in the quarter-finals, India remain the only team from the sub-continent to make the last four, and make it in style.
          Emerging from 'dark spaces' De Kock needs to prove himself against NZ   
Quinton de Kock's return to form in South Africa's World Cup quarter-final rout of Sri Lanka was one of the most pleasing aspects of a convincing victory for the Proteas.
          PHOTOS: Tahir's frenzied wicket-taking celebrations!   
Spectators at the Sydney Cricket Ground were repeatedly treated to the sight of leg-spinner Imran Tahir throwing his head back, screaming with joy and pumping his arms before setting off on an uncoordinated run across the outfield on Wednesday as South Africa thrashed Sri Lanka by nine wickets in the first quarter-final at the World Cup.
          De Villiers in no hurry to shed 'chokers' tag   
South Africa made quite a statement in their quarter-final rout of Sri Lanka on Wednesday but AB de Villiers warned their rivals that reaching the last four of the World Cup was by no means the extent of their ambitions.
          Video: Sri Lanka sink against South Africa   
Sri Lanka were expected to win, but South Africa had other plans.
          Tendulkar leads cricket world in lauding Sanga, Mahela   
Sachin Tendulkar led the cricketing world in applauding Sri Lankan veterans Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene, who bowed out of ODIs after their team's World Cup quarter-final loss to South Africa in Sydney.
          Sangakkara walks away happy, says Sri Lanka in a good place   
Sangakkara's fellow former captain Mahela Jayawardene, also 37, is also calling time on his one-day career after the tournament, bringing an end to a career in which he has scored 12,650 runs in 448 matches.
          Duminy claims SA's first World Cup hat-trick   
The off-spinner dismissed Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews with the final ball of his eighth over and returned to send back Nuwan Kulasekara and Tharindu Kaushal with the first two deliveries of his next to achieve the milestone in the first quarter-final of the World Cup.
          Grateful Tahir happy to repay South Africa   
South Africa stormed into the semi-finals of the World Cup on Wednesday and nobody was more pleased than their Pakistan-born spinner Imran Tahir, who claimed 4-26 to mow down Sri Lanka's middle order in the quarter-final match at the Sydney Cricket Ground.
          World Cup PHOTOS: Tahir, Duminy spin South Africa into semis   
Images from the World Cup first quarter-final between Sri Lanka and South Africa in Sydney, on Wednesday.
          South Africa thrash Sri Lanka, break 'knock-out jinx'   
All-rounder JP Duminy claimed a hat-trick as South Africa stormed into the World Cup semi-finals with a comprehensive nine-wicket victory over Sri Lanka at the Sydney Cricket Ground on Wednesday.
          Video: Mumbai roots for South Africa!   
South Africa versus Sri Lanka. The first World Cup 2015 quarter-finals. Is cricket-loving Mumbai excited? We decided to find out...
          8 reasons why Sri Lanka will beat South Africa   
Sri Lanka are never anybody's pre-tournament favourites but when the dust settles there they are.
          Sri Lanka banking on 'home' support and Sangakkara ton   
Sri Lanka skipper Angelo Mathews is looking to overwhelming support from the crowd.
          South Africa vs Sri Lanka QF 1: How they measure up   
Kicking off the knock-out stage is the quarter-final between South Africa and 1996 champions Sri Lanka at the Sydney Cricket Ground on Wednesday.
          De Villiers, Sangakkara take tussle for No 1 ranking to WC quarter-final   
South Africa's AB de Villiers and Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara will take their battle for the coveted No 1 spot in the Reliance ICC Player Rankings for ODI batsmen to Sydney when they go head-to-head in the first quarter-final of the World Cup.
          Sri Lanka want 'unbelievable' Sangakkara to play on   
Jayasuriya would like Sangakkara to continue beyond the World Cup.
          At 38, Dilshan is Sri Lanka's guiding light   
The pressure will be on former captain Tillakaratne Dilshan to continue to play a pivotal role for Sri Lanka.
          Lankan PM tells team to be wary of De Villiers in quarters   
Wishing the Sri Lankan team ahead of their quarter-final clash against South Africa, Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe warned the Angelo Mathews-led side to "keep an eye on Proteas skipper AB de Villiers" who has been in rampaging form in the tournament.
          Is he the greatest World Cup player?   
The veteran Sri Lankan batsman, who will retire from One-Day Internationals at the end of the World Cup, is on a record-breaking spree.
          Why England deserved to lose...   
England are out of the 2015 ODI World Cup. Bangladesh delivered the knock-out blow, after they lost to Australia, New Zealand and Sri Lanka.
          Record-breaker Sangakkara surges ahead in MVP table   
After four centuries on the trot with a strike rate of nearly 120, Sri Lanka's run machine Kumar Sangakkara (MVPI: 686) has raced to the top of the most valuable player standing at the ICC World Cup.
          Sri Lanka skipper Mathews begged Sangakkara not to retire!   
Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews said on Wednesday that he has gone down on his knees to beg record-breaking batsman Kumar Sangakkara not to quit after the World Cup. Sangakkara, 37, will call time on his ODI career at the end of the tournament but he is still in a rich vein of form.
          PHOTOS: Sangakkara makes history as Sri Lanka crush Scotland   
Kumar Sangakkara created history by notching up a record fourth consecutive ODI century that powered Sri Lanka to a crushing 148-run win over Scotland in their final group league match of the ongoing cricket World Cup in Hobart.
          Sangakkara's record fourth straight ton seals it for Sri Lanka   
Kumar Sangakkara became the first batsman to hit four successive centuries in a World Cup and Tillakaratne Dilshan stroked a fluent hundred in Sri Lanka's 363-9 against Scotland in a Pool A match at Bellerive Oval on Wednesday.
          Injury woes for Sri Lanka as Perera replaces Chandimal   
Sri Lanka batsman Dinesh Chandimal has been ruled out of the rest of the World Cup due to a hamstring injury and replaced in the squad by Kusal Perera.
          Sri Lanka to send replacement covers for injured players   
Sri Lanka will be sending middle order batsman Kithuruwan Vithanage and spinner Tharindu Kaushal as cover for the injured players ahead of the team's final round robin World Cup game against Scotland, scheduled to be played on March 11.
          Bangladesh knock England out of World Cup after Mahmudullah ton   
Bangladesh staved off a late fightback to beat England by 15 runs and enter the quarter-finals of the World Cup from Group B in Adelaide on Monday. They joined New Zealand, Australia, Sri Lanka in the last eight stage.
          Sangakkara set to hang up gloves after India series in August   
Veteran Sri Lankan wicket-keeper batsman Kumar Sangakkara is set to bid adieu to international cricket by the end of August, when the island nation hosts India in a three-match Test series.
          Clarke salutes 'world class' Sangakkara   
The World Cup will be the last assignment for Kumar Sangakkara in One-Day Internationals and the Sri Lankan left-hander has ensured he will sign off on a high, at least on the personal front.
          Record-breaker Sangakkara joins batting greats   
Kumar Sangakkara became only the second batsman after Indian icon Sachin Tendulkar to score 14,000 One-day International runs when the Sri Lankan veteran reached the landmark against Australia in a World Cup Pool A match in Sydney on Sunday.
          PHOTOS: Australia thrash Sri Lanka by 64 runs in Sydney   
Images from the World Cup Pool A match between Australia and Sri Lanka at the Sydney Cricket Ground.
          Maxwell ton fires Australia past Sri Lanka   
Australia stormed into the World Cup quarter-finals with a 64-run victory over Sri Lanka, fired by a spectacular maiden one-day international century from Glenn Maxwell at the Sydney Cricket Ground on Sunday.
          Double blow for SL: Karunaratne out of WC, Herath out of Aus match   
Sri Lanka have suffered a double injury blow with batsman Dimuth Karunaratne almost certainly out of the World Cup and spinner Rangana Herath likely to miss at least a week of action, Mahela Jayawardene said on Friday.
          Vettori focused on World Cup wins, not joining 300 club   
The left-arm spinner is two victims shy of joining an elite club of 11 bowlers with 300 wickets in one-day internationals. Sri Lanka's Muttiah Muralitharan heads the list on 534.
          Australia fear nothing, even defeat, says Finch   
After losing to New Zealand and taking just a point from their washed out match against Bangladesh, Australia probably need to beat Sri Lanka to ensure they finish in the top two in the pool and avoid India or South Africa in the last eight.
          'England's loss to unfancied Lanka worse than Kiwi crushing'   
England may have been utterly humiliated in their second World Cup pool match against co-hosts New Zealand but Sunday's nine-wicket defeat to Sri Lanka was much more damaging, according to former England captain Mike Atherton.
          Lakmal fined for bowling beamers   
Sri Lanka fast bowler Suranga Lakmal was fined for firing two successive beamers at England's Jos Buttler, an action for which he showed "no remorse", the International Cricket Council said.
          Sri Lanka's Herath doubtful for Australia clash   
Sri Lanka spinner Rangana Herath is doubtful for next weekend's World Cup Pool A clash against Australia after hurting his spinning hand while bowling against England at Wellington Regional Stadium on Sunday.
          England's World Cup hopes hanging by a thread   
The loss to Sri Lanka has left England's quarter-final chances hanging in the balance and reliant on them beating Bangladesh in Adelaide on March 9. A wash-out would end their hopes.
          Thirimanne coming of age at right time for Sri Lanka   
His coming of age at the tournament could prove to be influential in the later stages as they now do not need to rely so much on their 'Big Three' of Tillakaratne Dilshan, Kumar Sangakkara, and Mahela Jayawardene to provide their runs.
          PHOTOS: Sri Lanka hand England a thrashing   
Left-handers Kumar Sangakkara and Lahiru Thirimanne struck fluent centuries to help Sri Lanka outplay a hapless England by nine wickets in a Pool A match of the ICC World Cup.
          Thirimanne, Sangakkara score tons to thrash England   
Kumar Sangakkara and Lahiru Thirimanne slammed unbeaten centuries to steer Sri Lanka to a convincing nine-wicket victory against England in the ICC World Cup.
          Malinga gamble starting to pay dividends for Sri Lanka   
The toe-crusher is hitting the target, the bouncer is coming out well and, most importantly, the wicket column is swelling again.
          UAE players won't face loyalty issue against India   
The UAE team is a mix of local players as well as players of India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan origin. The skipper feels that having a number of Indians pitted against India isn't a problem at all.
          PHOTOS: Sri Lanka thump Bangladesh for second straight win   
Images from the World Cup Group A match between Sri Lanka and Bangladesh in Melbourne.
          Centurions Dilshan, Sangakkara thrash Bangladesh   
Sri Lanka veterans Tillakaratne Dilshan and Kumar Sangakkara smashed imperious centuries to punish a wasteful Bangladesh.
          Knock-out urgency comes early for Sri Lanka at World Cup   
Out-of-form Sri Lanka must play every pool game at the World Cup as if it were a knockout match to ignite their stuttering campaign, captain Angelo Mathews said.
          Jayawardene, Perera lead SL to nervy win over Afghanistan   
Thisara Perera and Jeevan Mendis combined for a 58-run partnership to give Sri Lanka a nervous four-wicket victory over Afghanistan in their World Cup Pool A match at University Oval in Dunedin on Sunday.
          PHOTOS: Sri Lanka scrape past Afghanistan after Mahela ton   
Images from the World Cup Pool A match between Sri Lanka and Afghanistan in Dunedin on Sunday
          Hussey believes India won't make it to World Cup semis   
'My semi-final line-up will be Australia, New Zealand, South Africa and Sri Lanka,' said the former Australian left-hander.
          PHOTOS: Anderson, McCullum give World Cup explosive start   
Hosts New Zealand gave the World Cup a cracking start with a scintillating batting show as they crushed last edition losing finalists Sri Lanka by 98 runs in the opening match of the showpiece event in Christchurch on Saturday.
          New Zealand open World Cup with big win over Sri Lanka   
Brendon McCullum gave the cricket World Cup an explosive opening, scoring a blazing 65, as New Zealand beat Sri Lanka by 98 runs on Saturday.
          World Cup, New Zealand v Sri Lanka: How the teams stack up   
Factbox on World Cup match between New Zealand and Sri Lanka at Hagley Oval.
          Just in time! Pacer Malinga fit for Sri Lanka's World Cup opener   
Lasith Malinga is fit for Sri Lanka's opening World Cup clash against New Zealand.
          Masakadza helps minnows Zimbabwe to shock win over Sri Lanka   
Hamilton Masakadza scored a run-a-ball century as Zimbabwe stunned Sri Lanka with a comprehensive seven-wicket victory in a World Cup warm-up at Bert Sutcliffe Oval on Wednesday.
          World Cup 2015: Know the Sri Lanka cricket team   
Penpix of the Sri Lanka squad for the 2015 cricket World Cup in Australia and New Zealand.
          Sri Lanka call up fast bowler Chameera for World Cup   
Sri Lanka have called fast bowler Dushmantha Chameera into their World Cup squad as replacement for the injured Dhammika Prasad, Cricinfo reported on Monday.
          HUGE INCENTIVES! SL players to pocket $1m, if they win World Cup   
Sri Lanka's squad will receive a bonus of almost $1 million if they win the World Cup.
          Sri Lanka terrific, well-balanced: Dravid   
Former India captain Rahul Dravid says the islanders may not be front-runners to win the World Cup this time around, but the fact that they are a very close-knit unit gives them the edge.
          Record-breaker Sangakkara stars as Sri Lanka beat New Zealand   
Kumar Sangakkara scored an unbeaten 113 and then returned to break the world record for the most dismissals by a wicketkeeper in One-day internationals as Sri Lanka beat New Zealand by 34 runs in the seventh and final match in Wellington on Thursday.
          Sangakkara surpasses Gilchrist to record most dismissals in ODIs   
Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara added another milestone to his already storied career when he broke the world record for the most dismissals by a wicketkeeper in One-Day Internationals against New Zealand in Wellington on Thursday.
          6th ODI: New Zealand rout Sri Lanka; bag series   
Ross Taylor and Kane Williamson fell agonisingly short of centuries but New Zealand's imposing total ensured they beat Sri Lanka by 120 runs in the sixth One-day international on Sunday to take an unassailable 4-1 lead in their seven-match series.
          Ronchi-Elliott's world record partnership steers NZ to win   
Luke Ronchi and Grant Elliott put on a world record 267-run partnership as New Zealand recovered from 93-5 to thump Sri Lanka by 108 runs in the fifth One-Day International in Dunedin on Friday.
          4th ODI: Williamson scores ton as New Zealand overpower Sri Lanka   
Kane Williamson hit a century and Luke Ronchi smashed 24 runs off one explosive over when the match was still in the balance to steer New Zealand to a four-wicket victory over Sri Lanka in the fourth One-Day International in Nelson on Tuesday.
          New Zealand v Sri Lanka: Rain washes out third ODI   
Persistent rain washed out the third One-day international between New Zealand and Sri Lanka at Eden Park in Auckland on Saturday after less than 30 overs of the hosts' innings.
          Dilshan ton guides Sri Lanka to six-wicket win   
Tillikaratane Dilshan eased to his 19th One-day International century to anchor his side to a six-wicket victory over New Zealand in the second game of their seven-match series at Seddon Park in Hamilton on Thursday.
          Black Cap Williamson out with shoulder injury   
New Zealand's Kane Williamson is likely to miss the next three One-day Internationals in the World Cup warm-up series against Sri Lanka to recover from a minor shoulder injury.
          Composed Anderson inspires NZ to win over Sri Lanka   
Corey Anderson scored a composed 81 as New Zealand lurched to a three-wicket victory over Sri Lanka on Sunday in the first of seven One-day Internationals between the two sides before next month's World Cup.
          Why Burnley beats Bali and Dubai as a luxury spa destination   
THINK of luxury spa destinations and what springs to mind - Bali, the Maldives, Thailand, a Kensington boutique hotel, a country house in the Cotswolds? Yes, Burnley; home of mill chimneys, cobbled streets, windswept hills - and the stylish Woodland Spa, which has won Global Luxury Spa awards for two years running, beating off competition from Dubai, Sri Lanka and Mauritius. Located just outside the Lancashire mill town, the Woodland Spa is nestled within 100 acres of sweeping countryside, creating a sense of peace and tranquility before you've even set foot through the door.
          Sri Lanka gamble on Malinga for World Cup   
Sri Lanka have included pace spearhead Lasith Malinga in their 15-man squad for the Cricket World Cup despite concerns over his fitness after ankle surgery, the country's cricket board said on Wednesday.
          Angelo Mathews blames sloppy fielding for loss to Zimbabwe   
... scored more than a 300 run target to get a victory. Sri Lanka have been criticised in recent days by the country's sports minister for being overweight and unfit. Captain Angelo Mathews also laid into his players after the defeat. "Having 315 on the ...
          New Zealand clean sweep series   
Off-spinner Mark Craig grabbed three wickets after lunch as New Zealand completed a 193-run victory, and 2-0 series sweep, shortly before tea on the final day of the second Test against Sri Lanka at the Basin Reserve on Wednesday.
          2nd Test: New Zealand strike as Sri Lanka chase 390 for victory   
Kane Williamson and BJ Watling produced a world record sixth wicket partnership of 365 runs to guide New Zealand to 524 for five before captain Brendon McCullum declared their second innings closed after tea on the fourth day of the second Test.
          Wellington Test: Williamson, Watling fight back for New Zealand   
Kane Williamson inched towards his ninth Test century as he and BJ Watling staved off Sri Lanka's push for victory at the close of play on the third day of the second Test at the Basin Reserve on Monday.
          Sangakkara gives Sri Lanka advantage in second Test   
Kumar Sangakkara completely changed the complexion of the second Test against New Zealand with an outstanding double century as the visitors finished the second day with a 113-run lead.
          Sangakkara fastest to 12,000 runs but Sri Lanka in trouble   
Kumar Sangakkara became the fastest player to reach 12,000 Test runs and will look to rebuild Sri Lanka's innings after they were left teetering at 78 for five at the end of the first day of the second Test against New Zealand.
          'Forget last year, New Zealand need to keep improving in 2015'   
Fresh off New Zealand's most successful Test year, captain Brendon McCullum is urging his team to start 2015 in the same fashion when they face Sri Lanka in the second game of their two-match series on Saturday.
          Big praise for McCullum for his leadership and batting prowess   
Global media has hailed New Zealand captain Brendon McCullum as 'the best batsman in the world' for his blistering knock of 195 runs against Sri Lanka in Christchurch.
          Christchurch Test: New Zealand thrash Sri Lanka inside four days   
Kane Williamson and Ross Taylor calmly guided New Zealand to an eight-wicket victory over Sri Lanka in the first Test at Hagley Oval in Christchurch on Monday.
          Karunaratne ton delays New Zealand victory push   
Sri Lanka ended the third day's play at Hagley Oval in Christchurch on 293 for five, still 10 runs away from making New Zealand bat again after they had been asked to follow on.
          Christchurch Test: Sri Lanka openers recover after following on   
Sri Lanka openers Dimuth Karunaratne and Kaushal Silva safely guided their side to 84 without loss in their second innings at the close of the second day's play in the first Test against New Zealand on Saturday after being forced to follow-on.
          Malinga set to return for New Zealand ODIs   
Sri Lanka pace spearhead Lasith Malinga is recovering well from his ankle surgery and should be back in action during the later stages of the One-Day International series in New Zealand next month, according to coach Marvan Atapattu.
          I won't walk away, says under-fire England captain Cook   
Alastair Cook said he has no intention of stepping down as captain after his England side lost the seventh and final match of the One-Day International series against Sri Lanka in Colombo.
          Colombo ODI: Sri Lanka crush England again, pocket series 5-2   
Kumar Sangakkara, playing his final one-day international on home soil, set a record for the most runs in a calendar year as Sri Lanka thumped England by 87 runs in the last match of the series in Colombo on Tuesday.
          Sangakkara fined for breaching ICC code of conduct   
Sri Lanka batsman Kumar Sangakkara has been fined 15 percent of his match fee for showing dissent at an umpire's decision during the sixth One-Day International against England in Pallekele on Saturday.
          Sangakkara century lifts Sri Lanka to win over England   
Sri Lanka beat England by 90 runs in the sixth One-Day International at Pallekele on Saturday to take an unbeatable 4-2 lead in their seven-match series.
          Root steers England to victory over Sri Lanka   
Joe Root's third hundred powered England to a five-wicket victory over Sri Lanka in the fifth One-day international in Pallekele on Thursday and kept alive their hopes in the seven-match series. After rain forced play to be suspended on Wednesday, the visitors returned to chase down a 240-run victory target and won with five balls to spare.
          Pakistan on edge as Kenyan cricket team arrive in Lahore   
Kenya, who will play against Pakistan 'A', are only the second team to play international cricket in the country since tours were suspended after militants attacked the Sri Lankans in Lahore.
          Pallekele ODI: England's Woakes dazzles before play is abandoned   
England will return on Thursday to chase down a 240-run victory target and stay alive in the seven-match contest against Sri Lanka after rain forced play to be suspended in the fifth one-day international in Pallekele on Wednesday.
          Sri Lanka edge England to go 3-1 up in series   
Kumar Sangakkara laid the foundation before Angelo Mathews completed a nervy chase as Sri Lanka beat England by six wickets in the fourth One-Day International.
          England's Cook suspended from fourth ODI against Sri Lanka   
England captain Alastair Cook has been handed a one-match suspension for a second slow over-rate offence within 12 months, the International Cricket Council said.
          Buttler, Root guide England to victory over Sri Lanka   
England nearly wasted a flying start before eking out a five-wicket victory in the rain-shortened third one-day international against Sri Lanka in Hambantota on Wednesday.
          'Playing for India teaches you to play under pressure'   
Axar Patel, who grabbed attention with his effective left-arm spin bowling for India in the recent ODI series against Sri Lanka, today insisted he was a batsman who could bowl.
          Cook should be dropped as England's ODI captain: Botham   
Alastair Cook should be dropped as England's One-Day International captain after presiding over another "flat and tedious" display in an eight-wicket defeat by Sri Lanka on Saturday, according to former all-rounder Ian Botham.
          Clinical Sri Lanka thrash feeble England; take 2-0 lead   
Sri Lanka's bowlers bundled out England for 185 before the hosts chased down the target with eight wickets to spare in the rain-hit second One-day international on Saturday to take a 2-0 lead in the seven-match series.
          In Photos: England and Sri Lanka pay tribute to Hughes   
England captain Alastair Cook and Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews also joined in to pay their respects to Phillip Hughes.
          Sri Lanka, England to play 2nd ODI as scheduled   
Sri Lanka and England will go ahead with their second one-day international as scheduled following the death of Australia batsman Phillip Hughes.
          ICC sanctions Dilshan, Perera for disciplinary breaches   
Sri Lanka cricketers Tillakaratne Dilshan and Thisara Perera have been fined and reprimanded for disciplinary breaches during the first one-day international against England, the International Cricket Council said on Thursday.
          Colombo ODI: England fall short by 25 runs despite Moeen ton   
A magnificent century by Moeen Ali proved in vain as England suffered a 25-run defeat to Sri Lanka in the first of seven one-day internationals on Wednesday.
          Sangakkara asked to review retirement: Reports   
Sri Lankan veteran Kumar Sangakkara has been asked to review his retirement plans after he had told national selectors in April of hanging up his boots post the 2015 World Cup in Australia.
          ICC ODI rankings: Kohli up to second after exploits against Lanka   
Following his impressive batting show in India's 5-0 series win over Sri Lanka, where he was named the man of the series, Virat Kohli has moved to second place in the ICC ODI Rankings for batsmen.
          Will Axar's all-round show against SL get him the nod for World Cup?   
Impressed with rookie Axar Patel's all-round performance in the One-Day International series against Sri Lanka, India's stand-in skipper Virat Kohli has hinted that the left-arm spinner could be preferred in the side for next year's World Cup in Australia and New Zealand.
          Captain Kohli 'satisfied', wants more intensity after SL whitewash   
Elated after India's decimation of Sri Lanka in the just-concluded One-Day Internationals, stand-in skipper Virat Kohli said the biggest takeaway from the hurriedly-arranged series has been the positive and aggressive attitude that his team displayed all through.
          Lanka captain Mathews sees positives despite the whitewash   
Following a massive thrashing at the hands of India in the just concluded One-Day International series, Sri Lanka want to flush the disappointment out of their system as soon as possible, said skipper Angelo Mathews, insisting that there are some positives to take home despite the 0-5 drubbing.
          Stats: Captain Kohli, Rayudu sizzle in run chase   
Take a look at the statistical highlights of the fifth ODI between India and Sri Lanka.
          India consolidates No 1 ranking in ICC ODI list   
World champions India have consolidated their top rank on the ICC ODI Team Rankings after sweeping the series against Sri Lanka, which concluded in Ranchi on Sunday.
          Kohli's unbeaten hundred helps India complete 5-0 series sweep   
Virat Kohli led from the front with a gritty unbeaten century as a dominant India completed a resounding 5-0 whitewash over Sri Lanka by winning the fifth and final One-day International by three wickets in Ranchi on Sunday.
          Sofia Hayat poses nude to celebrate Rohit Sharma's record   
British model Sofia Hayat gave a rather prompt reaction on Thursday as Rohit Sharma made history with a scintillating 264, the highest individual score in One-Day Internationals against Sri Lanka at Eden Gardens in Kolkata.
          Ranchi ODI: Dhoni's no show keeps fans away   
With Ranchi's famous son Mahendra Singh Dhoni out of action with an injury, the buzz is missing ahead of the fifth and final ODI between India and Sri Lanka in Ranchi on Sunday.
          Suresh Raina rested for final ODI vs Sri Lanka in Ranchi   
With the series already in pocket, the Indian team management has decided to rest senior batsman Suresh Raina for the fifth and final ODI in Ranchi on Sunday.
          Dominant India aim for clean sweep against lacklustre Sri Lanka   
Having decimated the opposition with clinical precision in all four matches, India will be aiming to complete a clean sweep when they take on a struggling Sri Lanka in the fifth and final cricket one-dayer in Ranchi on Sunday.
          I probably need to work harder from here on: Rohit   
Despite scoring a world record 264 in India's 153-run victory over Sri Lanka in the fourth One-Day International at the Eden Gardens on Thursday, Rohit Sharma feels he still has a lot more to achieve in the game. An odd failure, he insists, will not check his progress.
          Dhoni leads praise as congratulations pour in for Rohit's 'sheer class'   
The cricketing world on Thursday gave Indian batsman Rohit Sharma's outstanding knock of 264 against Sri Lanka a standing ovation, with the Mumbai lad's innings propelling his team to a 153-run win.
          Ranatunga blames Jayasuriya, Attapattu and poor planning for SL's ODI failure!   
Refusing to blame the players for the debacle in the ongoing One-Day series in India, former Sri Lanka captain Arjuna Ranatunga said the country's administrators are responsible for the fiasco which has also disturbed the team's World Cup preparations.
          Rohit's record won't be broken anytime soon: Kohli   
Virat Kohli is a fan of Rohit Sharma's batting and the India captain feels his teammate's record-breaking ODI score of 264 against Sri Lanka will not be surpassed anytime soon.
          Rohit rocks at Eden as India humble Sri Lanka again   
Rohit Sharma blazed his way to a record-breaking knock of 264 as India trounced Sri Lanka by 153 runs in the fourth One-day International to take a 4-0 lead in the five-match series, at the Eden Gardens, in Kolkata, on Thursday. The Mumbai right-hander launched an all-out assault on the Lankan bowling as a result of which India amassed a mammoth 404 for five while batting first. In reply, the islanders were dismissed for 251 in 43.1 overs.
          IN PHOTOS: Rohit Sharma sets Eden ablaze with majestic double!   
Rohit Sharma registered the highest score in One-Day Internationals and also became the first in the history of cricket to hit two double centuries in the 50-overs' format in the fourth ODI against Sri Lanka, at the Eden Gardens in Kolkata.
          'Can't believe Rohit didn't make a triple century'   
The cricketing world heaped rich praise on Rohit Sharma after he smashed a record ODI score of 264 in India's fourth game of the five-match series against Sri Lanka.
          The highest individual knocks in One-day internationals   
Rohit Sharma made history on Thursday with a scintillating 264, the highest individual ODI score, as India amassed 404 for five in the fourth one-dayer against Sri Lanka at the Eden Gardens in Kolkata. Take a look the ten best scores in ODIs
          Congratulate Rohit Sharma on his world record 264!   
Rohit Sharma made an sensational return from injury on Thursday, scoring a world record 264, off just 173 balls, in the fourth One-Day International against Sri Lanka at the Eden Gardens in Kolkata. Congratulate him.
          Rohit first to hit two ODI double centuries with record score   
Rohit Sharma became the first batsman in the history of cricket to hit a world record second double century in One-Day Internationals. He got to the coveted landmark off 151 balls in grand style, having hit 26 fours and five sixes, in the 46th over of India's innings in the fourth ODI against Sri Lanka in Kolkata on Thursday.
          Despite 3-0 lead, Kohli to go hard against Sri Lanka in last two ODIs   
India has taken an unassailable lead in the One-Day International series against Sri Lanka, but skipper Virat Kohli insists his team will not let the intensity slip in the last two matches.
          Ruthless India aim to continue winning streak against Sri Lanka   
Unchallenged by Sri Lanka so far, India would look to keep the foot on the pedal in their pursuit for a series whitewash when the two teams face off in the fourth and penultimate cricket One-dayer at Eden Gardens on Thursday.
          Hoping to get some purchase from Eden Gardens strip: Mendis   
Hosts India might have outplayed them in the first three ODIs but Sri Lankan team management is keen to include experienced spinner Ajantha Mendis in the playing XI for the fourth ODI scheduled on Thursday.
          'Prepared or not, it was always going to be tough in India'   
Sri Lankan skipper Angelo Mathews has said the challenge of performance against India in their own backyard was never beyond doubt and that not many teams have won against India in India.
          Stats: India's unbeaten run against Sri Lanka and Kohli's record   
Statistical highlights of the third cricket One-day international between India and Sri Lanka in Uppal.
          Ishant suffering from back stiffness, fitness report awaited   
Indian fast bowler Ishant Sharma, who could only bowl four overs in the third ODI against Sri Lanka, is suffering from back stiffness, informed his pace colleague Umesh Yadav.
          'That was a brilliant performance, given we're one bowler short'   
India's stand-in skipper Virat Kohli on Sunday credited his bowlers for the series clinching six-wicket win over Sri Lanka in the third ODI, and said the home team's bowling unit dished out a 'brilliant performance' to restrict the visitors to 242 in Hyderabad.
          Clinical India thrash Lanka by 6 wickets, seal series   
Clinical India notched up another resounding win to humble a hapless Sri Lankan side by six wickets and clinch the five-match series in the third One-Day International in Hyderabad.
          IN PIX: Kohli blows kisses to Anushka Sharma   
Dashing Indian stand-in captain, Virat Kohli, picked a very special supporter in the crowd after scoring his half century against Sri Lanka in Hyderabad on Sunday night.
          We want to win by big margins and not be casual, says Kohli   
Aiming to seal the series against Sri Lanka after two massive victories, India captain Virat Kohli on Saturday said the team wants to win every game possible and adopt a ruthless approach ahead of the World Cup next year.
          Stats: The most successful chases by India against any opponent   
Statistical highlights of the second ODI between India and Sri Lanka in Motera.
          Feels special to get a ton after long wait: Rayudu   
An elated Ambati Rayudu on Thursday said his maiden hundred in international cricket, which helped India crush Sri Lanka in the second One-Day International, will certainly be a "special one" as it took a long time to come.
          Rayudu's century lifts India to easy victory over SL in second ODI   
Ambati Rayudu slammed his maiden hundred as India produced yet another comprehensive batting performance to ease past Sri Lanka by six wickets in the second One-Day International, in Motera, Ahmedabad, on Thursday.
          'A stronger pace attack will give us an advantage in World Cup'   
India are using the ongoing ODI series against Sri Lanka as preparation for next year's World Cup and home team's captain Virat Kohli says recent performances of the pace bowlers, especially Umesh Yadav, has given him a lot of hope going into the mega-event.
          Upbeat India aim to maintain stranglehold over Sri Lanka   
After starting the series with a crushing victory, an upbeat India will aim to maintain their stranglehold over an under-prepared Sri Lanka when they meet in the second ODI in Motera on Thursday.
          Dhoni captain of ICC ODI Team of the Year; No Indian in Test team   
India's Mahendra Singh Dhoni was named captain of ICC's ODI Team of the Year, but none of the Indian players found berth in governing body's Test Team of the Year, led by Sri Lanka's Angelo Mathews.
          Bhuvneshwar Kumar wins LG People's Choice award   
He is only the fourth cricketer to win the coveted prize after Sachin Tendulkar, who was the first recipient in 2010, Sri Lanka's Kumar Sangakkara, who won it in 2011 and 2012, and India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni, who won it last year.
          Buzz: Anderson ruled out of Sri Lanka tour   
James Anderson has been ruled out of England's one-day international series in Sri Lanka as he continues his rehabilitation from a knee injury, the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) said in a statement on Tuesday.
          'No point creating controversy over Sachin's revelation'   
Sri Lankan spin wizard Muttiah Muralitharan tried to shy away form the limelight and said there is no point creating a controversy over Sachin Tendulkar's revelation on Greg Chappell.
          IN PIX: Sri Lanka gear up for second ODI   
Sri Lanka trained hard for the second One-day International (ODI) against India to be held at Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Stadium in Ahmedabad on Thursday.
          Team for Australia series, players' contracts discussed: BCCI   
Board of Control for Cricket in India secretary Sanjay Patel on Tuesday clarified that the decision to postpone the selection of the team for next month's Test series in Australia was because the selectors wanted to have a look at more players in the ongoing ODI series against Sri Lanka and not because of the Justice Mudgal report into the betting and spot-fixing episode in the Indian Premier League.
          India drop to No 6 in Test rankings as Pak vault to 3 after beating Aus   
Pakistan vaulted into third position in the Reliance ICC Test Team Rankings, its best Test ranking in seven years, following the conclusion of its series against Australia in Abu Dhabi on Monday. Pakistan, who defeated Australia for its first series win in 20 years, leapfrogged England, Sri Lanka and India into third position after the feat earned it seven ratings points.
          Now, a probe in Sri Lankan women's cricket sex scandal   
Sports Minister Mahindananda Aluthgamage asked Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) board to appoint an investigative committee, led by a retired female judge, to probe into allegations that officials in women's cricket administration demanded sexual bribes to give places in the national team.
          Stats: Rahane and Dhawan's record adds to Sri Lanka's misery   
Take a look at the statistical highlights of the first One-day International between India and Sri Lanka.
          Indian management sweats over Aaron's injury   
India received an injury blow to pacer Varun Aaron, who suffered a muscle strain in his right leg during the five-match ODI series opener against Sri Lanka in Cuttuck.
          'Great to see some pace unleashed by India'    
Pleased with his fast bowlers show in the 169-runs win over Sri Lanka, skipper Virat Kohi said that it augurs well for the tours to Australia and New Zealand. \
          Rahane, Dhawan centuries help India humiliate Sri Lanka   
Opener Ajinkya Rahane and Shikhar Dhawan slammed centuries to help India humiliate Sri Lanka by a huge margin of 169 runs in the first One-Day International in Cuttack, on Sunday.
          I always like being captain of the side: Kohli   
Relishing the prospect of leading the side in the the first three ODIs against Sri Lanka, India's stand-in skipper Virat Kohli today said the hastily-planned series would be an exciting one, especially with World Cup spots up for grabs.
          ICC ODI rankings: Chance for both India, Sri Lanka to claim No.1   
Currently placed at number three behind South Africa and Australia, India have an opportunity to jump to the top in the ICC ODI team rankings if they win the upcoming five-match one-day series against Sri Lanka 4-1 or better.
          An opportunity for Team India to test the bench strength   
Their World Cup build-up halted by West Indies team's sudden mid-series pullout, India would resume the preparations for the mega-event when they square off against under-cooked sub-continental rivals Sri Lanka in a hastily-arranged ODI series starting in Cuttack on Sunday.
          'Dew factor' may impact first India-Sri Lanka ODI in Cuttack   
The first One-Day International between India and Sri Lanka at the Barabati Stadium in Cuttack will be a run-feast predicted curator Pankaj Patnaik but at the same time pointed out that the toss might turn out to be crucial with the dew expected to play in the evening.
          India gear up for Sri Lanka ODIs; Saha set to play   
Uncertanity over the availability of Wriddhiman Saha, who had a split webbing in his right hand, for the first One-Day International against Sri Lanka seems to be over as the wicketkeeper batsman looked fit ahead of the opening game, in Cuttack on Sunday.
          'Murali would never have played under current rules'   
Former Pakistan captain Muhammad Yousuf says Sri Lankan legend Muttiah Muraliatharan would never have been allowed to play top league had the current ICC rules on chucking been in place during their time.
          'Rohit Sharma's match fitness is a good sign for the Indian team'   
Rohit Sharma showed no signs of the finger injury that kept him out of action for more than two months as he hammered the visiting Sri Lanka bowlers making 142 off 111 balls, said India A coach Sanjay Bangar after his team won the warm-up game.
          Numbers game: India hold edge over Sri Lanka in One-Day Internationals   
As India and Sri Lanka get set to duel in the make-shift ODI series, starting Sunday, Rajneesh Gupta gives us a look at how both teams stand in One-dayers.
          Rohit Sharma, Pandey hit tons as India 'A' trounce Sri Lanka   
A fit-again Rohit Sharma and Manish Pandey slammed strokeful centuries as India A feasted on Sri Lanka's mediocre attack before registering a comfortable 88-run victory in a warm-up match for the visitors ahead of their ODI series against India at the Cricket Club of India (Brabourne Stadium) on Thursday.
          Sri Lanka reel as India 'A' batsmen make merry   
Rohit Sharma and Manish Pandey hit centuries as India 'A' amassed 382 for 6 against Sri Lanka in the tourists' first warm-up match at the Brabourne Stadium in Mumbai on Thursday.
          Sri Lankans looking 'to somehow get it right in India this time'   
India may be weakened by the absence of captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni, but the World champions cannot be taken lightly, especially with a strong batting line-up at their disposal, says Sri Lanka skipper Angelo Mathews.
          Chance for fringe players, Rohit Sharma to impress   
Fringe players have a chance to prove their worth when India 'A' takes on Sri Lanka in the tourists' only warm-up match ahead of the hastily scheduled One-Day International series, in Mumbai on Thursday. The tour game, at the Cricket Club of India's Brabourne Stadium, also provides Rohit Sharma, who is recovering from a fractured finger and shoulder injury, an opportunity prove his fitness and return to the side for the last two games in the best-of-five ODI series.
          Sri Lanka's Senanayake to face Chennai 'action' test   
Sachithra Senanayake, the Sri Lankan off-spinner banned for illegal bowling action, is to proceed to Chennai's ICC accredited centre for suspect actions.
          Saha confident of recovering for first Sri Lanka ODI   
Wicketkeeper Wriddhiman Saha, who was picked as replacement for the rested Mahendra Singh Dhoni for India's first three One-Day Internationals against Sri Lanka, is confident of recovering from injury in time for the opening match in Cuttack on Sunday.
          Sri Lanka ODIs: Dhawal Kulkarni replaces Mohammed Shami   
Medium-pacer Mohammed Shami has been ruled out of the five-match ODI series against Sri Lanka starting November 2, due to an injury. Maharashtra medium-pacer Dhawal Kulkarni will replaced him in the 15-member Indian squad, to be led by Virat Kohli, for the first three ODIs.
          'In Dhoni's absence we have a very good chance to win in India'   
Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews has warned that his team cannot lower their guard against the Indians despite captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni being rested for the first three ODIs.
          Cuttack to host India-Sri Lanka One-Day series opener   
Cuttack will host the opening match of the hastily-arranged One-Day International series between India and Sri Lanka on November 2 after the West Indies' stunning pullout over a pay dispute.
          Chandimal, Thirimanne dropped from Sri Lankan ODI squad vs India   
Sri Lanka has named its 15-member squad for the five-match ODI series against India next month, with notable omissions being former T20 captain Dinesh Chandimal and Lahiru Thirimanne.
          Sangakkara doubtful for India tour   
Experienced Sri Lankan batsman Kumar Sangakkara has been rendered a doubtful starter for the five-match ODI series against India due to a back injury.
          Eden Gardens may host fourth India-Sri Lanka ODI   
It's not official yet, but Eden Gardens is in line to host the fourth one-dayer on November 13 in the upcoming stop gap five-match ODI series against Sri Lanka.
          Kohli to lead for Sri Lanka ODIs; Saha, Ashwin make comeback   
India captain Mahendra Singh Dhoni was rested for the first three One-day Internationals against Sri Lanka next month and batting mainstay Virat Kohli will lead the side in his absence.
          India tour ideal opportunity for Sri Lanka, says Jayasuriya   
Sri Lanka's chairman of selectors Sanath Jayasuriya has said that the hastily-arranged five-match ODI series in India, to be held in early next month, will help the fringe players prove their worth before next year's World Cup.
          Sri Lanka keen to host India in Test series next year   
After having agreed to play a five-match One-Day International series in India on a short notice following the West Indies pull-out, the Sri Lankan board is looking for a return in favour from the Board of Control for Cricket in India in August next year by playing three Test matches in the island nation.
          Sangakkara concerned about team's readiness for India tour   
With the breaking of the news of Sri Lanka Cricket and the BCCI agreeing to a five-match One-Day International series, the Lankan players appeared to be concerned about their skills training required for the series.
          West Indies call off tour, Sri Lanka fill void with five ODIs   
In an extraordinary turn of events, the West Indies cricket team today pulled out of the remaining part of its India tour in the wake of an acrimonious ongoing pay dispute with their Board, prompting a livid BCCI to rope in Sri Lanka for a five-match ODI series.
          ICC Cricket World Cup 2015 trophy in the UAE   
The ICC Cricket World Cup 2015 trophy returned to Dubai on Thursday after embarking on a world tour, which started at the ICC headquarters in the city on July 3. The trophy has so far visited India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan, England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, South Africa, Zimbabwe and Papua New Guinea.
          Baseball switch a boon for South Korean cricket   
South Korea's Asian Games cricket experiment ended in defeat to Sri Lanka on Tuesday, but after their collection of baseball players and weekend enthusiasts took eight wickets off the Twenty20 world champions, coach Julian Fountain believes the sport could truly flourish here.
          Cook confirmed as England captain for World Cup   
Alastair Cook will lead England at next year's World Cup in Australia and New Zealand after being named as skipper for the upcoming One-Day International series in Sri Lanka, national selector James Whitaker confirmed.
          Atapattu named Sri Lanka head coach   
Former captain Marvan Atapattu became Sri Lanka's first full-time local coach in 15 years after he was put in charge of the national cricket team on Wednesday.
          'T20 is a batsman's game, that makes it difficult for the bowler'   
Admitting that T20 is a game where bowlers often find themselves at the receiving end, Sri Lankan all-rounder Thisara Perera feels that its good to have a few variations in order to surprise the batsmen.
          Malinga to undergo ankle treatment in Australia   
Sri Lanka will miss the services of paceman Lasith Malinga for about three-and-a-half months until early next year as the speedster has planned to get his troubled ankle treated in Australia.
          CLT20: Hafeez shines as Lahore Lions beat Southern Express   
Muhammad Hafeez led from the front with a blazing 67 as Lahore Lions trounced Sri Lanka's Southern Express by 55 runs in their penultimate Oppo Champions League Twenty20 qualifier, in Raipur on Tuesday, to keep alive their chances of making the main draw of the tournament.
          Champions League T20: Mumbai Indians trounce Southern Express   
Openers Lendl Simmons and Mike Hussey struck commanding fifties to hand Mumbai Indians a resounding 9-wicket win over Sri Lankan outfit Southern Express and keep their team in the hunt for the main draw of the Oppo Champions League Twenty20 in Raipur.
          Williamson guides Northern Knights to easy win in CLT20 opener   
Premier New Zealand batsman Kane Williamson showed his prowess in shortest format as his smashing innings powered Northern Knights to a convincing seven-wicket victory over Sri Lanka's Southern Express in a rain-curtailed opening game of the Champions League T20 in Raipur.
          Shehzad reprimanded for making 'religious comments'   
Pakistan opening batsman Ahmed Shehzad has escaped strong disciplinary action for his controversial religious comments to Tillakaratne Dilshan of Sri Lanka as the Board let him off with just a stern reprimand for violating a clause of his central contract.
          'Shehzad's advice to Dilshan was stupid'   
Newly appointed Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) chief Shaharyar Khan criticised Ahmed Shehzad for offering religious advice to Sri Lankan player Tillakaratne Dilshan during an ODI last week, saying it was a "stupid statement" on part of the Pakistani batsman.
          Is lack of IPL hurting England in shorter formats?   
England were thumped 4-1 in Australia in their One-day International series at the beginning of the year and also lost recent series at home against Sri Lanka and India.
          Pakistan investigates Shahzad-Dilshan 'religious spat'   
Pakistan said it has set up a committee to look into a religious spat between their opener Ahmed Shahzad and Sri Lankan counterpart Tillakaratne Dilshan last month.
          Perera helps Sri Lanka rout Pakistan to clinch ODI series   
Sri Lanka clinched the one-day international series against Pakistan after their bowlers, led by Thisara Perera, routed the tourists to secure a seven-wicket victory in the deciding third and final match on Saturday.
          Hambantota ODI: Mathews, Perera star as Sri Lanka square series   
A responsible half-century from captain Angelo Mathews and some big hitting by Thisara Perera set up a comprehensive 77-run win for Sri Lanka against Pakistan in the second ODI on Tuesday and helped the hosts level the series at 1-1.
          Maqsood, Alam stand tall as Pakistan win tense chase   
Sohaib Maqsood and Fawad Alam struck quick-fire fifties and combined in a record 147-run sixth wicket stand as Pakistan defeated Sri Lanka by four wickets with one ball remaining in the first one-day international at Hambantota on Saturday.
          Farewell hero Jayawardene still chasing World Cup dream   
Former captain Mahela Jayawardene left the Test scene vowing to devote his energies towards helping Sri Lanka win another 50-over World Cup next year in Australia and New Zealand.
          Figure out Jayawardene in Tests   
Sri Lanka batsman Mahela Jayawardene retired from Test cricket after his final match against Pakistan on Monday. Following is a factbox on his Test career.
          Jayawardene gets perfect send-off with Sri Lanka win over Pakistan   
Former captain Mahela Jayawardene was given a fairytale sendoff in his last test match as Sri Lanka eased to a 105-run victory that completed a 2-0 series sweep over Pakistan on Monday.
          Cook reveals details of England's recipe for revival...   
Before coming into the series, England, and captain Alastair Cook in particular, were under tremendous pressure. They first lost the return Ashes series against Australia and then the home series loss versus Sri Lanka hurt them the most.
          PHOTOS: Jayawardene signs off as Sri Lanka edge towards victory    
Left-arm spinner Rangana Herath captured four more Pakistan wickets to take his match tally to a career best 13 as Sri Lanka edged closer to victory in Mahela Jayawardene's farewell Test on Sunday.
          PHOTOS: Jayawardene remains unbeaten after Herath heroics   
Mahela Jayawardene remained unbeaten on 49 in his farewell innings after spinner Rangana Herath's career best figures of nine for 127 gave Sri Lanka control of the second Test against Pakistan on Saturday.
          England Diary: 'Cook contemplated quitting captaincy last month'   
Alastair Cook has succeeded in pulling England out of Ashes defeat depression with two massive victories over India but the England captain was mulling resignation during the Sri Lanka series, it has been revealed.
          Sri Lanka find Pakistan's pace too hot on Day 1   
Mahela Jayawardene scored four streaky runs in his last Test, as Pakistan's bowlers dismantled Sri Lanka's first innings on the opening day of the second and final match, in Colombo, on Thursday.
          Jayawardene out for 4 in first innings of final Test   
Mahela Jayawardene was out for just four runs in the first innings of his final Test as Sri Lanka built a platform for a solid first innings total in the second and final match against Pakistan in Colombo, Thursday.
          'Jayawardene a rare brand of cricketer'   
Cricketers like Mahela Jayawardene come around very rarely and younger players in the team have a lot to learn from his fighting attitude, Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews said.
          Pakistan spinner Ajmal reported for suspect bowling action   
Pakistan off-spinner Saeed Ajmal has been reported with a suspected illegal bowling action during his side's seven-wicket loss in the first Test match against Sri Lanka at Galle International Stadium on Sunday.
          Sri Lanka win first Test as Pakistan crumble to Herath   
Left-arm spinner Rangana Herath claimed six wickets as Sri Lanka fashioned an unlikely seven-wicket victory over Pakistan to go one-up in the two-Test series on Sunday.
          PHOTOS: Sangakkara's 10th double ton puts Sri Lanka ahead   
Kumar Sangakkara struck a sparkling 221 to move to the second spot in the all-time list of Test double centurions as Sri Lanka grabbed lead before declaring their first innings on day four of the first Test against Pakistan on Saturday.
          Sangakkara's 37th Test ton leads Lanka's strong reply   
Kumar Sangakkara struck his 37th Test hundred as he and his retiring team mate Mahela Jayawardene powered Sri Lanka to 252 for two wickets before rain washed out the final session on day three of the first Test against Pakistan on Friday.
          Sri Lanka dig in after Pakistan amass 451   
Sri Lanka recovered from losing opener Upul Tharanga to reach 99 for one in reply to Pakistan's 451 at close on the second day of the first Test on Thursday.
          Younis century rescues struggling Pakistan   
Pakistan's experienced batsman Younis Khan dug deep for his 24th Test century and his seventh against Sri Lanka to rescue his struggling side who closed on 261-4 on the opening day of the first Test on Wednesday.
          Cricket Buzz: Sri Lanka drop Chandimal, Mendis for Pakistan Tests   
Wicketkeeper Dinesh Chandimal and spinner Ajantha Mendis were left out of the Sri Lanka squad of 15 for the two-Ttest series against Pakistan, starting at Galle next week. Chandimal lost his place to Niroshan Dickwella, who made his Test debut in the second Test against South Africa in Colombo last week and scored a half-century.
          South Africa escape with a draw to reclaim No. 1 Test ranking   
South Africa reclaimed top spot in the Test rankings after grimly hanging on for a draw in the second and final Test against Sri Lanka in Colombo, on Monday to win the series 1-0.
          South Africa lose Petersen in steep run chase   
South Africa lost the wicket of opener Alviro Petersen for a duck as they chased 369 runs for victory in the second Test against Sri Lanka on Sunday.
          Perera gives Sri Lanka big lead despite Amla ton   
South Africa captain Hashim Amla remained unbeaten after his 22nd Test hundred but off-spinner Dilruwan Perera's career best figures gave Sri Lanka a big first innings lead at the end of the third day of the second Test on Saturday.
          Amla, De Villiers dig in for South Africa   
South Africa batted cautiously to reach 98 for three as they try to preserve their 1-0 lead in the series in the second Test and final against Sri Lanka on Friday.
          Jayawardene joins Gavaskar, Lara on 34 Test centuries   
Former captain Mahela Jayawardene hit a classy unbeaten century to help Sri Lanka close on 305 for five on the first day of the second Test against South Africa in Colombo on Thursday. In a chanceless six hours at the crease, Jayawardene finished on 140 not out off 225 balls, including one six and 16 fours, to give Sri Lanka a solid start in their bid to level the two-match series.
          Cricket Buzz: Victory vindicates Amla's stand to declare innings   
Hashim Amla was probably more relieved than elated after his declaration gamble paid off and the bearded South African began his captaincy tenure with a thumping 153-run win against Sri Lanka on Sunday.
          PHOTOS: Steyn, Morkel star as Proteas register rare win in Lanka   
South African fast bowlers Dale Steyn and Morne Morkel ripped through the Sri Lanka batting lineup to seal a 153-run win in the first Test on Sunday as Hashim Amla started his captaincy in fine style.
          Sangakkara leads Sri Lanka's spirited chase   
Kumar Sangakkara remained unbeaten after a sparkling half-century as Sri Lanka responded well to the challenge of scoring 370 runs in four sessions in order to win the first Test against South Africa on Saturday.
          Five-wicket Steyn rips through Sri Lanka   
Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews weathered a fiery spell of reverse swing bowling from Dayle Steyn to take his team past the follow-on mark on the third day of the first Test against South Africa on Friday.
          Duminy takes South Africa past 400 in Galle   
JP Duminy scored his fourth Test century and his first in the subcontinent to steer South Africa to a first innings total of 455 for nine wickets declared on the second day of the first Test against Sri Lanka on Thursday.
          Sri Lanka fight back after Elgar's hundred   
Opener Dean Elgar struck a magnificent century for South Africa but Sri Lanka came back strongly with four wickets in the final session to balance the scales on the opening day of the first Test on Wednesday.
          Cricket Buzz: Hamstrung De Villiers won't keep wickets in 1st Test   
AB de Villiers will avoid putting extra stress on a hamstring injury by playing as a batsman only in the first Sri Lanka Test with Quinton de Kock taking over wicketkeeping duties, South Africa captain Hashim Amla said on Tuesday.
          Cricket Buzz: Jayawardene to quit Test cricket next month   
Former Sri Lanka captain Mahela Jayawardene will retire from test cricket following the home series against South Africa and Pakistan, the country's cricket board said on Monday.
          De Kock, De Villiers centuries steer South Africa to series win   
Outstanding centuries from Quinton de Kock and captain AB de Villiers helped South Africa coast to a series-clinching 82-run win over Sri Lanka in the third and final one-day international on Saturday.
          Cricket Buzz: SL spinner Senanayake banned over action   
Off-spinner Sachithra Senanayake has been banned from international cricket for an illegal bowling action, Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) said on Saturday.
          Dilshan steers Sri Lanka to victory over South Africa   
Tillakaratne Dilshan outshone Hashim Amla's 14th One-Day International century to steer Sri Lanka to a series-levelling 87-run win over South Africa in the second match at Pallekele Stadium on Wednesday.
          Amla century guides South Africa to victory in Colombo   
Hashim Amla's 13th One-day International century and a clinical performance in the field carried South Africa to a comfortable 75 run victory in the opener of their three-match series against Sri Lanka on Sunday.
          Brush Dipped In Passion   

The Sri Lankan modernist George Keyt led a bohemian life. In art, he was as voracious, being influenced by medieval Indian painting, as also Cubism.

          For sale - ceylon india sri lanka lot of 5 10 rupees 1964 fine... - Auction   

Gretna LA, United States
Lot of 5 notes fine or better note to buyers I do not use the ebay system to tell you "item has been shipped". instead you will get A email from me in your "ebay message center" and your personnal email telling you when I will ship to you! look for it. I do not send this email until ...

          Schools actively involved in national reconciliation   
Colombo, 01 July, (Asiantribune.com):

The reconciliation friendly school programme was held in Bamplapitiya Hindu College where Bryce Hutchession, Australian High Commissioner for Sri Lanka participated as Chief Guest

read more

          Inaugural National Conference On Constitutional Reforms    
Colombo, 01 July, (Asiantribune.com):

For the first time as part of an outreach efforts in relation to the current Constitutional Reform process in Sri Lanka, Constitutional Assembly Secretariat hosted the inaugural national conference on the constitutional reform.

read more

          UNDP partner to develop and co-fund the ‘Idea Board’   
Colombo, 01 July, (Asiantribune.com):

The United Nations Development Programme yesterday entered into a partnership with the Ministry of Science, Technology and Research to further develop and co-fund the ‘Idea Board’ an online crowd sourcing platform anchored at the Sri Lanka Innovation Dashboard, an initiative by the Ministry.

read more

          Yaal Virindu at the Ramada Colombo   
Though a tiny island, the varied cuisine of Sri Lanka makes for an elaborate mosaic through its rich heritage and culture. Jaffna cuisine, the very epitome of fine northern cuisine...
          World's fastest-growing economy lags most South Asian neighbours   
India’s per capita GDP of $5,238 in 2013 was 65 per cent lower than Iran, 54 per cent lower than Maldives, 44 per cent lower than Sri Lanka and ...
          Malinga out of second ODI with illness   
Sri Lanka will be without Lasith Malinga in the second ODI against Zimbabwe, with the seamer having contracted viral influenza and being recommended 48 hours of rest
          Sri Lanka vs Zimbabwe 1st ODI Highlights June 30, 2017   

SL v Zim highlights today first odi – from Galle International Stadium (Sri Lanka) Friday 30th June 2017. Sri Lanka won and batted first. Sri Lanka team N Dickwella†, MD Gunathilaka, BKG Mendis, WU Tharanga, AD Mathews*, DAS Gunaratne, LD Madushanka, SL Malinga, N Pradeep, MA Aponso, A Dananjaya. Zimbabwe team H Masakadza, SF Mire, ...

The post Sri Lanka vs Zimbabwe 1st ODI Highlights June 30, 2017 appeared first on Cricket Highlights 2.

          Mashel joined the group Sri Lanka Lovers   
          Sri Lanka seek way out of the abyss   
Sri Lanka need to tighten their fielding and take wickets in the middle overs if they are to bounce back from a deflating loss in the first ODI
          Today Christians Honor St. Junipero Serra, First Saint of California   
St. Junipero Serra (1713-1784) Image: Tinh Than (Angelus) Just after Canonizing the first Saint of Sri Lanka St. Joseph Vaz, Pope Francis announced that he would also be Canonizing the first Saint of California–Blessed Junipero Serra, in 2015 “We are grateful to our Holy Father Pope Francis for this gift to California and the America’s,” […]
          Best paper award at DCOSS   

Researchers from the University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, Uppsala University (UU) and RISE SICS have received the best paper award at International Conference on Distributed Computing in Sensor Systems (DCOSS 2017)http://www.dcoss.org/ for the paper "Eloc: Locating Wild Elephants using Low-cost Infrasonic Detectors".

          59-year-old Scottish woman marries 26-year-old Sri Lankan   
Posted by Dhruba Shrestha July 1, 2017 :
A British woman who has been left stranded in Sri Lanka after marrying a local before he was shot dead says he only wanted her money. Diane De Zoysa, 59, says she 'gave up everything' to live with husband Priyanjana, 26, in Ahungalla, in the south west of the country - but believes he had a second wife that he kept secret from her. She first met the hotel worker when she was on holiday in the country six years ago, before returning seven months later to marry him.

Solomon Mire smashed his first ODI century yesterday to take Zimbabwe to a six-wicket win over Sri Lanka. Mire hit 112 off 96 balls as Zimbabwe reached 322-4 to pass Sri Lanka’s 316-5 with more than two overs to spare. It was the first time in more...
          Zimbabwe stuns Sri Lanka with 6-wicket win in 1st ODI   

GALLE, Sri Lanka (AP) - Zimbabwe stunned Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka for the first time with a six-wicket win in the opener of a five-match one-day international series on Friday.

The post Zimbabwe stuns Sri Lanka with 6-wicket win in 1st ODI appeared first on Nehanda Radio.

          Very Disappointing And Very Disheartening, Says Angelo Mathews After Zimbabwe Loss   

The background: Sri Lanka’s substandard came back to haunt them once again as they suffered a humiliating defeat against Zimbabwe for the first time in their own backyard. Just a couple of weeks ago, the island nation had to exit the Champions Trophy at the group stage after dropping three straight forward catches to let […]

The post Very Disappointing And Very Disheartening, Says Angelo Mathews After Zimbabwe Loss appeared first on Sportzwiki.

          It’s safe to return   
Sri Lankan Minister Manoharan Ganesan is currently touring Australia.  A trade unionist, the leader of the Democratic People’s Front (DPF) and Tamil Progressive Alliance (TPA), he is also a the Minister of National Co-existence, Dialogue and Official Languages. Mr Ganesan wants the asylum seekers in …
          Indian political party urges Indian Govt to provide protection   
A Hindu political party in India, has written to the Indian government to provide protection to a controversial Buddhist monk in Sri Lanka who who is well known for making alleged hate speeches and attacks against minority communities. The Hindumahasabha – Loktantrik political group headed by …
          Tamil leaders involved in anti-Tamil conspiracy   
The Chief Minister of Sri Lanka’s Tamil-majority Northern Province, C.V.Wigneswaran, alleged on Wednesday, that there is a plot by the Sri Lankan government to deny a just political solution to the Tamils in association with some Tamil leaders. The bid to create confusion in the …
          COPY WRITING by lahiruchamara099   
An apex ICT Industry Association in Sri Lanka is looking for freelance copy writers in tri languages (Sinhala , English & Tamil) for some ongoing projects. The scope includes contents writing for marketing materials, websites, press releases, articles etc... (Budget: $250 - $750 USD, Jobs: Copy Typing)
          Sri Lanka will be without Lasith Malinga in the second ODI against Zimbabwe, with the seamer having contracted viral influenza and being recommended 48 hours of rest following medical assessment. Sri Lanka Cricket also said that left-arm wristspinner   
Sri Lanka will be without Lasith Malinga in the second ODI against Zimbabwe, with the seamer having contracted viral influenza and being recommended 48 hours of rest following medical assessment. Sri Lanka Cricket also said that left-arm wristspinner
          COPY WRITING by lahiruchamara099   
An apex ICT Industry Association in Sri Lanka is looking for freelance copy writers in tri languages (Sinhala , English & Tamil) for some ongoing projects. The scope includes contents writing for marketing materials, websites, press releases, articles etc... (Budget: $250 - $750 USD, Jobs: Copy Typing)
          Tribal Wild ONE 1st Birthday Party   
Tribal Wild ONE 1st Birthday Party on Kara's Party Ideas | KarasPartyIdeas.com (31) Listen closely, can you hear?! I hear tribal drums coming near! Filled with  treasures, both ancient and old; this Tribal Wild ONE 1st Birthday Party submitted by Sanuja Vitanachy of Partylicious, out of Sri Lanka, holds party ideas untold! So don your headdress and circle round, the following party elements must be found:
  • Adorable Tribal Birthday Cake
  • Tribal party signage
  • Tantalizing tribal cookies
  • Cupcakes topped with glitter paper feathers
  • Paper teepee table decorations
  • and place settings adorned with tribal headdresses!

          Tinkerbell Fairy Garden Birthday Party   
Tinkerbell Fairy Garden Birthday Party on Kara's Party Ideas | KarasPartyIdeas.com (12) A laugh from a wee baby I hear! Could it be, Tinkerbell and friends, coming to spread fairy cheer?! Submitted by Raidha Mulafer of Impressions, out of Colombo, Sri Lanka; this Tinkerbell Fairy Garden Birthday Party, with its sparkling details oh-so pretty, will fill you up with party ideas, so witty!

The party details sure to catch your clever, Tinker eyes, from this darling birthday celebration, include:

  • Tinkerbell cake
  • Floral twinkle light bottles
  • Flower chair garland
  • Custom mini character cakes
  • Pretty paper flowers with gold centers
  • Tinker food + sweet labels
  • And more!

          White Sapphires for sale   

@Bob.seabrook wrote:

Rare parcel of White Sapphires from the 1970s. These gemstones are from 1.0-3.0 carats. They are mostly eye clear to flawless with beautiful brilliance. These native cut stones from Sri Lanka have a light blue tint in strong light. In regular daylight they show white. Gem stones are an ethical substitute for diamonds at a fraction of the cost. White Sapphires are becoming increasingly rare as most stones of this clarity are shipped to Thailand and treated with Beryllium and sold to unsuspecting buyers.
The stones have been heated at low temperature and I have a gemologist certification from the 1980s.
I can send photos of this parcel of 73.79 carats.
Please contact me at bob.seabrook@me.com

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          Investita in bici a pallavicino: 13enne operata di urgenza a villa sofia    

Delicato intervento chirurgico ieri sera a villa sofia su una ragazza di 13 anni dello sri lanka vittima di un incidente stradale in via pallavicino a palermo...

          Mathews expecting even contest   
Sri Lanka captain Angelo Mathews is expecting a close contest when his side meet Pakistan in the first of three Tests in the UAE tags: All_SportscontestCricketEnglishevenexpectingICC_Test_ChampionshipMathews expecting even contest
          Sri Lanka name Nic Pothas as interim head coach   
Following Graham Ford's exit, Sri Lanka Cricket (SLC) has appointed former South African wicket-keeper-batsman Nic Pothas as their side's interim coach.

Ford stepped down as Sri Lanka coach on Saturday, ending his second tenure with the side after 15 months.

Later Pothas was revealed as the head coach on Thursday. He will mentor Sri Lanka in the upcoming five-match One-day International (ODI) series and one-off Test series against Zimbabwe, starting from Friday.

Pothas in his career had featured in three ODIs and 218 first-class matches. He has scored 11,438 runs in the first class format.

SLC President Thilanga Sumathipala expressed confidence in the newly-appointed coach in a statement released by the board.

"Graham Ford was a superb coach and we are grateful to him for his services. At the same time, we have the fullest confidence in Nick Pothas to tackle the job during the Zimbabwe and India tours," Sumathipala said.

          Viral influenza in Sri Lanka side   
Galle, 1st July 2017, Sri Lanka Cricket confirmed today (1) that Slinga, Lasith Malinga who is just short of his 300th ODI scalp, has been diagnosed with a viral influenza. Medical reports have ruled him out of the next game and recommended a rest period of 48 hours. SLC also confirmed that Chinaman, Lakshan Sandakan had sat out the first ODI against Zimbabwe due to an attack of the same bug. Sri Lanka play their second ODI against visitors Zimbabwe tomorrow (2) at the picturesque Galle International Cricket Stadium.
          India’s Tour to Sri Lanka 2017 Fixture: Date | Time | Venue. Here’s the full list   

India vs Sri Lanka series will start on July 26, 2017, and will end on September 6, 2017. The series going to be comprised of 3 Tests, 5 One day Internationals and 1 off T20

The post India’s Tour to Sri Lanka 2017 Fixture: Date | Time | Venue. Here’s the full list appeared first on InUth.

          India offers help to Sri Lanka's Northern province - The Hindu   

India offers help to Sri Lanka's Northern province
The Hindu
India has expressed willingness to further partner Sri Lanka's Northern Provincial administration in development initiatives, emphasising the need for a clear economic programme identifying specific areas. Indian High Commissioner Taranjit Singh Sandhu ...

and more »

          Mire ton helps Zimbabwe script famous win - Wisden India   

Wisden India

Mire ton helps Zimbabwe script famous win
Wisden India
... one-year suspended ban and a fine earlier this week after being found guilty of insulting Jayasekera by comparing him to a “monkey”. All this, after Sri Lanka crashed out in the group stage of the Champions Trophy 2017 despite a remarkable win over ...
Zimbabwe's historic win over Sri Lanka takes Twitter by stormThe Indian Express

all 155 news articles »

          India vs West Indies: Jason Holder and Co should draw inspiration from Zimbabwe's win and play with gusto - Firstpost   


India vs West Indies: Jason Holder and Co should draw inspiration from Zimbabwe's win and play with gusto
If Windies, the ninth-ranked ODI team, needed some inspiration ahead of a must-win encounter against India, they shouldn't look any further than Zimbabwe. The Graeme Cremer-led side beat Sri Lanka by chasing down 317 with six wickets in hand, in their ...
PM Narendra Modi Inspires Rockstar Ravindra JadejaNews18
Jadeja takes a new ride; thanks PM Modi for inspirationThe Fan Garage (press release) (blog)

all 452 news articles »

          India assists in developing Kilinochchi campus of Jaffna University - The Sunday Times Sri Lanka   

The Sunday Times Sri Lanka

India assists in developing Kilinochchi campus of Jaffna University
The Sunday Times Sri Lanka
High Commissioner in his remarks reiterated Government of India's continued commitment to the wellbeing and socio-economic development of people of Sri Lanka. He highlighted the importance of agriculture and engineering in the economic development.
Indian aided buildings for Jaffna Uni. declared openDaily Mirror

all 3 news articles »

          Mire leaves Sri Lanka in the mire   
GALLE. – A belligerent 112 from Solomon Mire set Zimbabwe on track, Sean Williams’ 65 provided stability, and Sikandar Raza’s sparkling 67 not out laid out the finishing touches as a fearless Zimbabwe ran down Sri Lanka’s score of 316 to make history in Galle. Not only was this Zimbabwe’s first ODI victory against Sri...
          Records tumble in Galle   
GALLE. – Records tumbled here yesterday as Zimbabwe shocked the cricket world to beat Sri Lanka in an ODI match. 0 – Previous instances of a 300-plus target being chased down successfully in Sri Lanka in 32 attempts. Zimbabwe’s pursuit of 318 was the highest successful chase in the country. The previous highest was 289...
          Citizen Memory And ‘Demons In Paradise’   
Growing up in Sri Lankan school systems, we learn about great ancient kingdoms and brave struggles for independence. History stops abruptly, though, around 1948, with gaining independence. The alternative sources of information we are left with are the stories told to us by our elders, personal tales of violence experienced, brave attempts at solidarity and care, of fruitless searches of ...
          If I Was Stranded On a Deserted Island: The Sri Lankan Food Edition   

So you know how when you and your buddies are bored to tears and you start playing some random game just to pass the time? You either play ‘Spin the Bottle’ or ‘Truth or Dare’ or if you’re hoping for something a bit more interesting and including alcohol, you play ‘Never Have I Ever’ and […]

The post If I Was Stranded On a Deserted Island: The Sri Lankan Food Edition appeared first on Pulse.

           Sri Lanka's controversial bowler Malinga falls ill    
Sri Lanka's controversial fast bowler Lasith Malinga has been diagnosed with a viral influenza and will sit out the second one-day international against...
          Innersearch Sri Lanka: Only a few more tickets left   
          Never lost confidence in my limited overs game: Rahane   
The jury is still out on his utility as a limited overs batsman but Ajinkya Rahane on his own admission never lost confidence in his ability despite being out of favour in the 50-over format for a long time.

Rahane has scores of 62, 103 and 72 to show for his efforts as an opener in the current West Indies tour in the absence of Rohit Sharma and is ready to make every chance count.

"Not at all," Rahane said emphatically when asked if he had started doubting his abilities after being out of playing XI in ODIs.

"It was a matter of getting good runs and getting it consistently, I was waiting for this chance. I want to thank Virat (Kohli) and team management as they gave me an opportunity to bat at top of the order," Rahane told mediapersons at the post-match press conference.

Asked if he could shift gears like Rohit does after a sedate start, Rahane replied: "I know I took some time (on 72 off 112 balls) but if I stay there, I can make it count. I dont take things for granted. I can make up (for slow starts). I can read game situations and play accordingly."

He doesnt know what will happen when Rohit comes back during Sri Lanka series and thats why he would prefer to live in present rather than fretting on his batting slot.

"I believe, its a team sport and I have to give my hundred per cent wherever team management asks me to bat. Whether its top or middle, I always want to do well. In future, I dont know what will happen but now I really want to focus on each match and series, here," he said.

Rahane relies on his instincts but believes that one needs to adapt according to pitch conditions as he did during his patient innings in the third ODI.

"I am an instinctive player but at the highest level, you have to adapt. This wicket (Antigua) was completely different to Trinidad and the ball is stopping and there was uneven bounce on the wicket.

We had to take our time.

"When myself and Mahi bhai (Dhoni) and before that Yuvi paaji (Yuvraj) were batting, we decided on a total of around 225-230. This was not like Port of Spain where you could play your shots," said Rahane.

Rahane said that the time he got while not being in the XI was well spent on improving his fitness which is helping him in humid Caribbean conditions.

"I worked on my batting as well as fitness. We have been playing non-stop cricket till IPL. You dont get time to work separately on your fitness. The time I got in England helped me work on my batting as well as fitness. It is helping me in these hot conditions," he said.

          I want my TV   

Originally posted on: http://geekswithblogs.net/Tariq/archive/2006/06/17/82151.aspx

I am not sure to what aspect of Sri Lanka you would attribute this to?

It could be politics. It could be a show of corporate competition, but both premier cable networks (sorry 1 cable, 1 dish) have been suspended by the government.

In a typical case of each company tipping the authorities on licensing issues of the other (ala tit for tat), poor old me is left without access to international TV :)

Comet Cable you lucky *tards you just wait, I am sure they'll get you too, and then every single cable vendor will be gone.

Technorati : , ,

Cross-posted from tariqayad.com

          Activated charcoal significantly reduces the amount of colchicine released from Gloriosa superba in simulated gastric and intestinal media   
Zawahir, S., Gawarammana, I., Dargan, P.I., Abdulghni, M. and Dawson, A.H., 2017. Activated charcoal significantly reduces the amount of colchicine released from Gloriosa superba in simulated gastric and intestinal media. Clinical Toxicology, pp.1-5. Abstract Background: Poisoning with Gloriosa superba, a plant containing colchicine, is common in Sri Lanka. Objectives: This study was to estimate release of colchicine from 5 g ... Continue Reading »
Sejarah Keroncong

1. Sejarah keroncong di Indonesia

Menurut Erant Heins ( dalam Harmunah, 1987 : 7 ) sebelum abad XVI, datanglah kapal-kapal Portugis kekepulauan ini. Mereka mengadakan perhubungan perdagangan hampir diseluruh pelosok Indonesia dan mengembangkan agama katolik. Perdagangan Portugis ini hanya menggunakan kapal-kapal, tetapi menimbulkan perbudakan-perbudakan ( hamba ). Dan akhirnya meninggalakan bekas di Afrika India, Sri Lanka, Malaya (Malaysia ) yang dikenali dengan istilah Indo Portugis dan disebut pula dengan istilah “Portugis Hitam”. Orang-orang hitam ini merupakan keluarga baru yang disebut Mahardika dalam bahasa Sanskrit.
Dalam masa lampau di Eropah, orang-orang memandang bangsa Indo itu sebagai bangsa yang rendah darjatnya dan yang hanya mewarisi tabiat-tabiat tidak baik dari orang tuanya. Pendapat ini ditentang oleh ahli (pakar) dan bukti menyatakan bahwa orang yang berdarah campuran pada umumnya ulung dalam berbagai ilmu, jadi termasuklah orang yang berdarjat tinggi. Pandangan yang salah seperti diatas itulah yang mungkin mempengaruhi tabiat para ahli, sehingga mereka hanya timbul niat untuk menyelidiki apa yang dipandang asli sahaja, dan nyatalah bahwa muzik keroncong kerana sejarahnya diketepikan oleh para ahli muzikologi serta para ahli sejarah muzik ( Tobing dalam Harmunah, 1987: 8 )
Tahun 1511 bangsa Portugis dibawah pimpinan Alfonso d’ Albuquerque merebut Melaka yang waktu itu dipimpin oleh Sultan Alaudin Syah. Setelah 11 tahun berada di Melaka, maka pada tahun 1522 pedagang-pedagang Portugis melanjutkan perjalanannya ke Ternate dan Ambon dan telah singgah dibeberapa pulau. Kerana datang dari jauh mereka kesepian disebabkan berpisah dari ahli keluarganya. Untuk mengisi kesepian tersebut mereka membawa alat muzik ukulele iaitu seperti gitar kecil.. Bunyi yang keluar dari alat tersebut dan nyanyian merdu yang didendangkan oleh pedagang Portugis tersebut terasa asing dan aneh kedengarannya oleh orang-orang pribumi Nusantara, kerana orang pribumi biasa mendengar notasi pentatonik pelog dan slendro sedangkan saat itu yang mereka dengarkan notasi diatonik.
Berbekalkan hanya alat muzik ukulele yang dimulai dari muzik soliter (dimainkan seorang diri), maka berabad –abad kemudian tumbuhlah menjadi muzik keroncong yang kita kenali sekarang. Bermain alat muzik seorang menimbulkan kebosanan, sehingga mereka mulai bermain dengan kawan-kawannya dengan menambah alat muzik yang lain seperti tempurung kelapa, kentung bambu, rebana dan lain-lain. Dengan demikian alat muzik keroncong tidak wujud seperti yang ada sekarang tetapi memerlukan waktu atau evolusi yang sangat panjang.
Dari riwayat singkat tersebut, kita tidak memungkiri bahwa ada unsur muzik kerocong yang berasal dari luar ialah alat muziknya , tetapi bentuk muziknya (muzik keroncong) bukanlah bentuk muzik asing melainkan benar-benar hasil karya nenek moyang kita sendiri. Adapun terjadi adaptasi terhadap bau muzik yang datang dari luar justeru merupakan kreativiti nenek moyang kita yang patut kita hargai.

2. Sejarah Keroncong di Malaysia

Seni muzik keroncong mulai masuk ke Malaysia sekitar awal abad ini atau tepatnya sekitar tahun 1940. Muzik keroncong dibawa masuk ke negara ini oleh masyarakat orang-orang Jawa yang merantau ke daerah ini untuk berdagang, mencari pekerjaan dan sebagainya.. Para pendatang yang merupakan berbagai bangsa dan kaum ini kebanyakannya terus menetap dan bermastautin disini secara tidak disedari. Sebagaimana yang berlaku, ramai pekerja itu yang membawa keluarga mereka dan memulakan kehidupan baru dinegara yang baru.
Seperti kebanyakan para pendatang asing, selain mereka mencari nafkah, mereka juga membawa kesenian mereka. Seperti pendatang dari Sumatera Barat misalnya, mereka membawa kesenian caklempong, demikian juga pendatang dari Jawa. Pendatang dari Jawa membawa kesenian mereka berupa gamelan, wayang kulit, barongan, kuda kepang, ketoprak, silat dan juga keroncong.
Daerah-daerah yang banyak kegiatan-kegiatan seni tradisi Jawa seperti gamelan, barongan, silat dan keroncong ini adalah pastinya daerah yang banyak didatangi masyarakat Jawa seperti di negeri Johor, Perak, Selangor dan juga Pulau Pinang. Di daerah-daerah ini terutama di negeri Johor masih boleh kita jumpai persembahan-persembahan keroncong. Pada mulanya lagu-lagu yang dinyanyikan adalah lagu-lagu dari Indonesia tetapi lama kelamaan setelah perang dunia kedua ada pencipta tempatan yang mencipta lagu keroncong bercorak melayu seperti P.Ramlee Zubir Said, Johan Bahar dan banyak lagi.
          While the World Watches   
News, day after day, of countless refugees coursing through Europe in search of succour and shelter, and of the millions more on Europe’s doorstep in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon needs no elaboration. Syria alone is reportedly responsible for up to 4 million refugees, with Iraq and Somalia accounting for a further 3 million. Hundreds of thousands more are coming from Afghanistan,Libya, Eritrea, Nigeria and so on. Alarming numbers, but no longer surprising because the media have rendered them familiar.

What is less documented and less widely-known, ignored perhaps because the repercussions have largely failed to reach the First World, is that the number of people who have lost or fled their homes is much larger. UNHCR (the United Nations High Commission for Refugees) estimates the current number of displaced people at a staggering 59.5 million, of whom ‘only’ 19.3 million are classified as refugees or asylum-seekers.[1] In official parlance, displaced people who are not refugees are known as IDPs (Internally Displaced People).

Refugees and IDPs

A refugee is someone who has left their home country because they have a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, adherence to a particular social group or political opinion and cannot obtain sanctuary in that country.[2] Drafted in the aftermath of World War II and formally adopted in 1951 at the United Nations Convention on the Status of Refugees, this definition looked back on the recent history of war and restricted the term to that experience. The idea probably did not occur to those who drafted the Geneva Convention that it might also apply to people who have been driven from their homes but lack resources to effect an escape, or have no alternative countries willing to accept them, or even know that such countries exist. If you are fleeing for your life in Darfur, no matter the distance you have traveled, or the reason for your flight, you are a refugee only after you have crossed an international border; until then you are merely an IDP.

Almost 80 per cent of the 13.9 million people displaced in 2014 as a consequence of conflict or persecution were and remain IDPs. Refugees are the concern and merit the protection of the international community - in theory if not in practice. IDPs, though they may be recognised and supported by the UNHCR, occupy a much smaller place in the conscience of the world. And as we shall see, even the UNHCR’s perspective suffers from serious limitations.

The two most widely recognised drivers of Internal Human Displacement are violence and persecution, and natural disasters.

IDPs - from Violence and Persecution

It will come as no surprise that Syria is currently reported to have the highest number of violence-related IDPs - with estimates of the number varying between 6.5 million and 7.6 million - the large numerical differences reflecting both the momentum of continuing human movement and the difficulty of collecting accurate data in conflict zones. Nor will any consumer of Western media be startled to learn that IDPs in Iraq are believed to have grown to over 3.5 million, or even that up to 1.5 million South Sudanese and one million Afghans are displaced in their own country.

What may be less well-known is that the country with the second largest number of violence-related IDPs is not in the Middle East, or North Africa, but in South America. Colombia has an estimated 6 million IDPs - victims of internal violence perpetrated both by guerilla armies and by official and unofficial government forces and militia. We hear little about them, perhaps because Colombia has never functioned as an ideological battleground between East and West or between competing religions, and is of more interest to drug traffickers and coffee traders than to oil executives.

IDPs - from Natural Disasters

According to the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre in Geneva, between 2008 and mid 2015, the number of people displaced by natural disasters was just under 185 million. No, that is not a misprint. These are people forced out of their homes and way of life by earthquakes, mudslides, floods, fires and drought. In 2014, the number displaced by disaster was a relatively modest 19.3 million(below the annual average), the most severely affected countries being The Philippines with 5.8 million, and China and India with roughly 3.5 million each. Major disasters tend to hit the world’s headlines, though most are also quickly forgotten. But how many of us know that nearly a million Chileans and Indonesians, 250,000 Malaysians, 200,000 Bolivians, 150,000 Brazilians and Sri Lankans, 130,000 Sudanese, and 80,000 Paraguayans were displaced last year?

Are natural disasters merely random occurrences unrelated to what humans do to the Earth? Not according to the World Bank which appears to have accepted the scientific consensus. Moreover, the number of severe events is showing a clear upward trend - notably in the frequency of severe storms and floods. If that trend continues and, despite the best efforts of environmental scientists and prominent campaigners like Al Gore and Naomi Klein, there is little reason to think it will not, then we can expect more natural disasters, and many more people left homeless and bereft by them.

IDPs - from economic development

Largely ignored both by the international media, and the international agencies, including UNHCR, economic development projects are a third and almost certainly the largest cause of human displacement and unmitigated misery on the planet. Dr Michael Cernea, former senior policy advisor to the World Bank, has probably done as much as anyone to raise the alarm. Speaking at an Oxford University conference back in 1995, Cernea told his audience that “…world-wide about ten million people annually enter the cycle of forced displacement and relocation in two "sectors" alone — namely, dam construction , and urban/transportation... Development-caused displacements….have turned out to be a much larger process than all the world 's refugee flows taken together each year.” This 10 million figure, Cernea noted, was partial because it did not include displacements from forests and reserve parks; mining and thermal power plant displacements; and many others. His catalogue of the most common ravages of development-induced displacement include landlessness, unemployment, homelessness, marginalisation, food insecurity, increased morbidity and mortality, and social disintegration; and, as he makes clear in a Brookings Institute paper published in 2014, the process has continued unabated.

Victims of large economic development projects are seldom adequately compensated or resettled. Given the environmental degradation and human misery associated with projects like tar sands exploitation in Alberta, Canada, or the Cerrejón mining operation in northern Colombia, it is hard to see how any compensation could truly be described as restitutive. In Everybody loves a good drought, journalist P. Sainath’s masterly account of the lives of India’s poor, the author writes of IDPs that have spent 45 years waiting for compensation. Even the World Bank is curiously lack-lustre when it comes to safeguarding the interests of people marginalised by Bank-financed projects, regardless of its formal commitment to do so.

Among the most damaging development projects - damaging that is to the people directly affected - are large-scale dams. Arundhati Roy, in The Greater Common Good, an essay fired by anger and indignation, offers a heartbreaking picture of how the lives of villagers in India and - notably Tribals - have been shattered by the construction of large dams. Hundreds of villages have been lost to dam-associated flooding, agricultural land as well as valuable forest areas now lie under water, social structures have fractured, villagers have sunk into poverty and despair. Roy refers in her essay to a study of 54 large dams by the Indian Institute of Public Administration which estimates the average number of people displaced by large dams at just under 45,000. India’s Central Water Commission maintains a national register of large dams, from which we learn that the country currently has 4,858 completed dams with another 313 under construction, making a total of 5,171. Using a round figure of 5,000 dams multiplied by a cautious average of 20,000 displacements per dam (rather than the IIPA estimate), we get a total of 100 million people uprooted by dam construction in India alone. “Big dams,” Roy writes, “are to a nation’s development what nuclear bombs are to its military arsenal. They are both weapons of mass destruction… emblems that mark a point in time when human intelligence has outstripped its own instinct for survival… malignant indications of civilisation turning upon itself.”

Dams are far from being the only large-scale development projects dependent on forced evictions. Mining, cattle-ranching, agro-industry, pulp and paper plants, even military firing ranges also figure in the mix of activities requiring - if not demanding - human sacrifice.

We are in an uncontrolled universe in which the wealthy, the powerful and the aggressive use the weapons most suited to the circumstance - be they bombs and tanks, or dams, mines and polluting industries - to further their objectives and thereby shatter the lives of the weak and vulnerable. We rightly deplore the plight of refugees on our doorstep; but to the wretched of the earth, those who live and die miserably elsewhere, we are generally blind or indifferent. In our efforts to impose our religion, our politics, our consumerist way of life, even our development fantasies on others, we end up ruining both them and the environment of which they are the custodians. Military imperatives and economic development are big business; and nothing, it seems, is allowed to get in their way.

[1] An asylum seeker is someone who has applied for but not yet been granted refugee status.

[2] The formal definition is slightly more elaborate.

          England out-gunned, Pakistan out-prepared; ratings 14th September   
2nd TestIndiavEngland
Expected MarginIndia by 93 runs
Actual MarginIndia by 246 runs

There are clear benefits to winning the toss on a pitch that will only deteriorate, but it isn't necessarily easy to force a victory. A team needs to score quickly enough to either declare or bowl the opposition out for less. Failure to capitalise in the first innings, or a collapse in the third can negate the fourth innings advantage with a routine chase. As a team India didn't play this game particularly well. Kohli scored 167 and 81, Pujara 119, and there wasn't many other batting contributions. Anderson and Broad bowled well, Rashid took wickets against the tail. But the match was won ultimately at the end of the second day when England collapsed to a run out, a poor shot, and any chance of parity was gone.

England once again batted more overs than India, which says more about their bowling than their batting. The second innings was proper trench warfare that still took in 97.3 overs, including 38 on the final day when they lost 8/71. They made India work for their win, and that bodes well for any possible come back in the series. That disparity in scoring rate makes a huge difference to their respective abilities to win matches however, with England much more likely to draw than win.

The only significant issue for England is Duckett, whose clearly lacking some combination of form and technique. The rest of the middle order have had their moments in this series, and ultimately the issue is probably not the selection but the quality of the Indian spin bowling over England's and the batting of Kohli, Pujara and Rahane. On the one hand that is an easily and often over-turned margin. On the other, they need a player to score big, or a collapse to do so. Right now, the odds are definitely favouring India for both those events.

1st TestNew ZealandvPakistan
Expected MarginPakistan by 15 runs
Actual MarginNew Zealand by 8 wickets

The scorecard probably understates the closeness of this match, and the difficulties New Zealand overcame in chasing down 108 in the last innings. Historically, scores that low are not chased very very rarely. But historically, the first three innings scoring only 500 odd runs is quite rare too. Williamson's 61 off 77 balls was not only the highest score of the match, but done at a pace that prevented any tension from arising. Raval's 55 and 37 not out in support were also impressive from a player on debut. The other debut from de Grandhomme was similarly successful with 6/41 in the first innings. With support from Boult, Southee and Wagner, and sprinklings of runs from most parties New Zealand were comfortable winners.

Nevertheless, Pakistan's ability to find the edge (if not always a safe fielder) means that they are always a good chance. Their batting was better in England, but a two-test series and little preparation makes tuning it a little difficult. It wouldn't be a surprise if the second test was closer, and New Zealand will need to improve their own batting to win again.

Rankings at 23rd November 2016
2.South Africa1151.9
6.New Zealand1017.3
7.Sri Lanka1000.6
8.West Indies831.6

16.Papua New Guinea249.9
18.Hong Kong217.0

Shaded teams have played fewer than 2 games per season. Non-test team ratings are not comparable to test ratings as they don`t play each other.

           England women out for revenge against Sri Lanka    
KALIKA MEHTA: England bounced back from their opening loss to India with a brilliant win over Pakistan thanks to a 213-run third wicket partnership between Knight and Nat Sciver.
          Comment on Guess Who’s Back… by Doria   
Good to see you back and now I am following your new blog. It looks like I have become the freelance writer and photographer for all Sri Lankan events in Korea. I am off to my first business back to Sri Lanka at the end of Sept. If you would like to share your findings from your researching project in Sri Lanka, I would love to see them.
          Comment on About the Project by Ruwan Kodituwakku   
Hi Lucy, I am a Sri Lankan living in Britain writing to find out the progress of your 'project' in Sri Lanka. How did you go? Did you contribute much to David Cameron's UNHRC project? I heard the Sri lankan counterintelligence were keeping a close eye on you. Did you notice?
          Comment on About the Project by Doria   
Great advice! I am a soon soon to be published author about my life in Sri Lanka during the civil war. I have a writers blog to help new writers. Let me know if you are interested.
          Comment on Sri Lankan Snacks and Sweets by Boon   
Thank you! I'm definitely going to keep an eye out for them.. I actually miss them!
          COPY WRITING by punitprajapat786   
An apex ICT Industry Association in Sri Lanka is looking for freelance copy writers in tri languages (Sinhala , English & Tamil) for some ongoing projects. The scope includes contents writing for marketing materials, websites, press releases, articles etc... (Budget: $250 - $750 USD, Jobs: Copy Typing)
          COPY WRITING by punitprajapat786   
An apex ICT Industry Association in Sri Lanka is looking for freelance copy writers in tri languages (Sinhala , English & Tamil) for some ongoing projects. The scope includes contents writing for marketing materials, websites, press releases, articles etc... (Budget: $250 - $750 USD, Jobs: Copy Typing)
          Indian High Commissioner Taranjit Singh Sandhu Hands Over 16,000 Books From India to Jaffna Public Library   
By Meera Srinivasan Indian High Commissioner to Sri Lanka Taranjit Singh Sandhu handed over as many as 16,000 books to the iconic Jaffna public library on Thursday. The collection will be kept at the ‘India Corner’ in the library, which Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated during his maiden visit in 2015. “The titles cover topics ...

Continue reading ‘Indian High Commissioner Taranjit Singh Sandhu Hands Over 16,000 Books From India to Jaffna Public Library’ »

          Zim Cricket makes history, highest successful run chase ever in Sri Lanka   

The Zimbabwe cricket team defeated Sri Lanka by 6 wickets in the first one-day international played in Galle, Sri Lanka. The hosts posted a massive 316-5 in their allotted 50 overs. However, the Chevrons managed to chase this total successfully and won the match with 14 balls remaining after they posted 322-4.  Zimbabwe became the […]

The post Zim Cricket makes history, highest successful run chase ever in Sri Lanka appeared first on Pindula News.

          Talk in Jaffna on ETCA and global production networks   

On Thursday, 04th of May 2017, I will be speaking on the proposed Economic and Technological Cooperation Agreement between India and Sri Lanka at the invitation of the Jaffna Managers’ Forum. The talk will begin at 4.30 PM at the Euroville Conference Hall in Nallur. In addition to addressing the concerns of the opponents, I […]

The post Talk in Jaffna on ETCA and global production networks appeared first on LIRNEasia.

          Inclusive information society research of relevance to youth unemployment to be presented in Jaffna   

Sri Lanka’s unemployment rate is low (4.4 percent in 2016), yet its youth (15-24 yrs) unemployment rate is 22 percent. Unemployment among the more educated (above GCE AL) is 8.3 percent, almost double the overall rate. The participation of women in the labor force is 34.3 percent, among the lowest in the world. Many of […]

The post Inclusive information society research of relevance to youth unemployment to be presented in Jaffna appeared first on LIRNEasia.

          How to move Sri Lanka’s air connectivity to the next level   

Pathfinder Foundation and Carnegie India organized a conference on connectivity. I was asked to speak on air connectivity, which I was happy to do, it being a rather neglected subject. The paper is still not ready for prime time, some of the data not having yet been provided by the Civil Aviation Authority of Sri […]

The post How to move Sri Lanka’s air connectivity to the next level appeared first on LIRNEasia.

          Pratap Bhanu Mehta on constitutionalizing socio-economic rights   

A good friend of LIRNEasia, Pratap Bhanu Mehta, delivered a public lecture relevant to the ongoing discussions on a new Constitution for Sri Lanka. He also interacted with key actors in the process and gave interviews to the media. The event was organized by Advocata Institute, Sri Lanka’s newest think tank. LIRNEasia connections were many. […]

The post Pratap Bhanu Mehta on constitutionalizing socio-economic rights appeared first on LIRNEasia.

          Big data for development panel and an audience of Sri Lankan academics   

The Sri Lanka Association for the Advancement of Science (SLAAS) is the primary “learned society” for Sri Lankan academics. It’s a rather staid outfit where I think you need multiple nominees to support your application to join and they reject papers if they’re not in the correct font (I may be exaggerating a little because […]

The post Big data for development panel and an audience of Sri Lankan academics appeared first on LIRNEasia.

          No Fire Zone: The Killing Fields of Sri Lanka (2013 Documentary)   
          New 'Green' Fertilizer Could Contribute to Food Revolution    
A new synthetic fertiliser could help farmers to save money, boost food production and reduce planet-warming emissions, scientists have found after trialling it on rice farms in Sri Lanka.
          Lively Street Scenes in Colombo   
I had asked many other tourists about Colombo and it seemed like nobody had anything nice to say about the capital of Sri Lanka. Everything we had heard was negative. People had told us that traffic was insane that the city was noisy and polluted. We had
           Aid and trade in water and electricity in tsunami-affected countries: India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand    
Hall, David and Corral, Violeta (2005) Aid and trade in water and electricity in tsunami-affected countries: India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Thailand. Discussion Paper. PSIRU, London, UK.
          Episode 335: Mad Gainz Bro!   
Happy New Year! Tom and Cecil have a flashback to their old podcasting days while reading off the Tupac rap lyrics that the Sri Lankan church printed by accident. Tom predicts the end of the world while discussing news that the Pakistani Minister directed a nuclear threat to Israel based off of fake news and the guys review the many Donald Trump conspiracy theories. Stories covered in episode: Sri Lankan church service prints Tupac rap lyrics by accident Reading Fake News, Pakistani Minister Directs Nuclear Threat at Israel 58 Donald Conspiracy Theories Attacks Were Orchestrated By The CIA To Prevent Trump From Becoming President Theodore Shoebat: National Geographic Publishers Should Be Burned At The Stake For Featuring Transgender Child Gordon Klingenschmitt: Gays In US Like ISIS, ‘Metaphorically’ Throw Christians ‘Off A Roof’ Twitter makes merry over RNC’s ‘bonkers’ Christmas greeting welcoming their ‘new King’ Nearly 50% of Donald Trump voters believe Hillary Clinton is involved in pedophilia ring: poll Alex Jones is a Sick Death Metal Vocalist A Finder's Guide To Facts  See us live with the GAM crew on January 13, 2017. Tickets are selling out fast:  https://www.eventbrite.com/e/god-awful-movies-live-with-cognitive-dissonance-tickets-29713113723    
          Episode 44: Excommunication Breakdown   
Afghan schoolgirls poisoned in anti-education attack Man made woman read Bible at gunpoint Vatican: American nuns need reform Vatican defends excommunication for raped nine-year-old girl's abortion Sri Lankan held for "witchcraft" in Saudi Arabia Brandi and Russel Bellew, Parents, Lose Children After Son Dies Due To 'Faith Healing' Family Flees 'Haunted House,' Sues Landlord Woman arrested for child abuse thought her baby was possessed Nugent threatens death if Obama wins in November Christian counsellor's attempt to cure gay man was 'malpractice' Dangers of Chinese Medicine Brought to Light by DNA Studies Clips: Intro: Bill Connolly on Most Haunted, Pulp Fiction, Jesus Camp, Jesus Camp + Blue Suede, Harry Potter, Ghostbusters, Ted Nugent, The Simpsons, A Few Good Men, Magnum PI Theme Visit our Website at http://dissonancepod.com for all the links.
          Thanks agreements the concept of    
Grandparents are little by little supplementing their grandchildren with business enterprise aid, new info exhibit.According to a den conducted by CreditExpert, some 4.5 a million (about 31 per subunit) British grandparents are positive cache due to worries over profit-maximising geographic area prices and a low talent of existence. Meanwhile, one in 9 allege to be putt brass parenthesis as they are troubled that their own relative will not be competent to satisfactorily impart for their offspring. In addition, 13 per sri lanka rupee are discerning that their child's small fry could have a poorer power of enthusiasm than their own.The investigation also discovered that freshly concluded a quarter (26 per fractional monetary unit) are redemptive to monetary fund their grandchild's added pedagogy costs, as 17 per sri lanka rupee are looking to comfort their younger relatives bring in their freshman way on the geographical area stairway. Overall, 15 per sri lanka rupee of respondents are preoccupied roughly speaking the business enterprise challenges that their grandchildren are set to human face in subsequently duration such as as applying for a mortgage and profitable put a bet on in the flesh loans. And disdain no longer working, 26 per sri lanka rupee of grandparents are currently golf stroke cache aside, which subsequently could impact upon their own ability to deliver the goods debts.Post ads:Basic Dress Belt by CTM Many Colors / Carhartt Mens Tall Work Camo Active Jacket / Walls Yukon Fleece Zip Front Sweatshirt 10 oz fleece 6 oz / Chaos Marlon Cashmere Beanie / KingSize Big & Tall Snap Front Plaid Flannel Shirt-Jacket / Psych Pajama Set / Compton Flat Bill Snapback Black Adjustable Baseball Cap / Caterpillar Men's Packable Rain Jacket / Tommy Bahama Men's Textured Jaquard Knit Bathrobe / Zoo York Special T-Shirt - Short-Sleeve - Men's / Men's Single Breasted 4 Button White Dress Suit / 7 For All Mankind Men's Relaxed Fit Jean in MontanaFindings from the online thanks observation service showed modification in the way burial is woman put away. Just below one in 5 (19 per sri lanka rupee) are saving simply when they can expend to do so. Meanwhile, six per fractional monetary unit are discovered to be putting a "significant sum" excursion both month, as the aforesaid take set assets parenthesis which can lone be accessed by their grandchildren upon motility a secure age.
          Lankan wicket-keeper Dickwella fined for violating ICC code   

Lankan wicket-keeper Dickwella fined for violating ICC code Galle (Sri Lanka), July 1 (IANS) Sri Lanka wicket-keeper Niroshan Dickwella has been fined 30 percent of his match fee and received two demerit points for breaching the International Cricket Council’s (ICC) code of conduct during the first One-Day International (ODI) against Zimbabwe here. Dickwella was found […]

The post Lankan wicket-keeper Dickwella fined for violating ICC code appeared first on Mangalorean.com.

          Vessel from Far East scheduled to arrive at Hamad Port   

MSC Heidi will call on Hamad Port on Friday, making it the first vessel from the Far East to arrive in Doha since the beginning of the blockade on June 5, according to sources.

The vessel is carrying a large volume of goods, including foodstuff, the sources point out.The ship has a capacity of 9,000TEUs and will have more than 1,000TEUs of containers to be discharged at Hamad Port, officials from Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC), which operates the vessel, have said. The vessel, which left the major Chinese port of Shanghai, has called on ports such as Ningbo and Shenzhen in China, Singapore, Colombo in Sri Lanka, Jebel Ali in the UAE, Dammam in Saudi Arabia and Umm Qasar in Iraq before arriving in Doha, it is learnt. It will return directly to Shanghai from Hamad Port. Later in the day, another MSC vessel, Seaboxer 111, is arriving with cargo from Salalah, Oman. 

The sources also informed that MSC Kerry arrived at Hamad Port a couple of days ago from Salalah with cargo from Kuwait and Oman. More than 660 containers of more than 1,200TEUs were offloaded at Hamad Port. Qatar Ports Management Company (Mwani Qatar) tweeted about the ship’s arrival, saying “MSC Kerry arrived at Hamad Port on its maiden voyage from Salalah port, Oman”. Recently, the first of the two vessels operating under the new India Qatar Express Service docked at Hamad Port. The vessel, Hansa Magdeburg, had sailed from Nhava Sheva port in India.

More global liners are reportedly keen to call on Hamad Port, looking to utilise its infrastructural facilities, according to sources.

source: Gulf Times


          The Billion Dollar Spelling Mistake - Digital criminals digital world   
Following on from this recent post regarding the Hatton Garden heist with a value thought to be in the region of £35M (~$50M US) comes another Bank heist - this time on an all together much larger scale. Last month hackers thought to have utilised run of the mill script kiddie malware breached weak security controls at the Central Bank of Bangladesh. Multiple transfer requests totalling nearly $1 billion were then sent to the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, allowing $81 million to transfer before one of the routing banks Deutsche Bank queried with CBB after noticing a spelling mistake on a fake end party ; Sri Lankan NGO Shalika Fandation not Foundation. Bank Chairman Atiur Rahman has unsurprisingly quit after trying to hide the loss from the Government and Board of Directors until the story leaked to a newspaper in the Philippines.
          Malinga to miss second Zimbabwe ODI with influenza   
[Sri Lanka], July 1 (ANI): Sri Lanka pace spearhead Lasith Malinga will miss the second ODI of the ongoing five-match series against Zimbabwe as he has contracted viral influenza and has been
          Sri Lanka vs Zimbabwe: Dickwella fined for attempted Mire stumping   
[UAE], July 1 (ANI): Niroshan Dickwella of Sri Lanka has been fined 30 percent of his match fee and received two demerit points for attempting a stumping which was "contrary to the spirit of the
          The problem of terrorism in India or The curse of terrorism   

Terrorism means ‘to use terror-inspiring methods by terrorists to force a government or a community to make them agree to fulfill their demand.’  When a group of persons want to have an independent state, they attack the established government with arms and ammunition. Such persons are called terrorists. They disturb the peace of the state and the people. They kill innocent persons and peace-loving community and thus create terror in the hearts of people. Now-a-days terrorism has become a perennial problem for many countries of the world. India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Serbia, Uzbekistan etc., are some of the countries, that are suffering from this problem. There are some countries of the world that prepare terrorists. They give them training in arms and other necessary things for their training and living. Then they send them to their neighboring countries only to create trouble there.
     During the British rule, a group of young persons, inspired by patriotic feelings killed many English men, who oppressed our countrymen. These patriotic young men were called terrorists by the British government in India. But for Indians those patriotic youngmen were freedom-fighters. They are called martyrs and are remembered with great respect by the Indians. But the terrorism of today is quite different. It is against humanity. The terrorists of today are killing innocent persons for their selfish aim. Minor success of some evil persons in the achievements of their aims inspires others to follow it.
        In India, terrorism has prevailed in North-eastern states in Nagaland, Mizoram, Assam and Tripura. In Jammu and Kashmir and some times inPunjab, Pakistan has been creating a great trouble and terror. This country has been sending terrorists into our country for many years. It has been supporting them with arms and ammunitions, money and training. The aim of this country is to annex Jammu and Kashmir through creating terror in our country. Thousands of lives of peace-loving people are killed. So it is the duty of every government to crush terrorism with an iron hand. An international conference should be held to deal with this problem of terror under the sponsorship of the United Nations. Peace and prosperity can prevail if terrorism is ended..

          Surf trip Sri Lanka Aout 2016, besoin d'infos :)   
Trips & Rencontres
Statistiques : 12 Réponses || 620 Vus Dernier message par babar44
          [Report photo] Sri Lanka et Maldives   
Trips & Rencontres
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          Lakshan Dias Replies to the Bar Association of Sri Lanka; Requests to clarify number of issues.   
Human Rights Defender and Attorney at Law Lakshan Dias has replied to a e mail sent by Secretary to the Bar Association of Sri Lanka requesting him to clarify number of issues mentioned in his e mail. Reading through Lakshan’s reply it is clear that e mail semt bu the Secretary to the Bar Association of Sri [...]
          Sri Lanka out of viable political options – Prof. Siri Hettige   
Speaking to  Colombo based Daily Mirror former chairperson of the police commission Professor Siri Hettige says that ” We have run out of viable political options in the country. People say they will go out and start a social revolution. But we know there is a long way for that kind of transformation to take place.” [...]
          If I Was Stranded On a Deserted Island: The Sri Lankan Food Edition   

So you know how when you and your buddies are bored to tears and you start playing some random game just to pass the time? You either play ‘Spin the Bottle’ or ‘Truth or Dare’ or if you’re hoping for something a bit more interesting and including alcohol, you play ‘Never Have I Ever’ and […]

The post If I Was Stranded On a Deserted Island: The Sri Lankan Food Edition appeared first on Pulse.

          Sri Lankan cricket team likely to visit Pakistan this year   
In the wake of Pakistan's successful Champions Trophy campaign, the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) has said that it is expecting Sri Lanka to tour the c...
          Asia’s tallest tower to be built in SL   
Asia’s tallest tower to be built in SL


The World Capital Centre (WCC) signed a US$ 2 billion investment agreement with the Board Of Investment (BOI) yesterday, for the much hyped and long awaited tallest building in the Asian region and the 9th tallest to be in the world.

The World Capital Centre also known as WCC is a globally renowned chain with its operations spread across the world and will be the centre of multiple trading and service providing establishments, having an astonishing twin tower with modern amenities of 117 floors, gracing a height of 625 metres to be built in the heart of Colombo’s commercial area. It will include 1,200 residential units, 2 000 HOTEL rooms, 3,000 retail outlets, 5,000 car-parking spaces, the WCC 7-star hotel, 20 luxurious swimming pools, gold presidential suites with gold-plated interiors, world’s fastest double-decker elevators, first Michelin starred restaurant in Sri Lanka, stunning observation deck and a helipad on the topmost floor.

The signing ceremony was represented by the Chairman of BOI - Upul Jayasooriya and the other senior officials of the BOI while WCC was represented by its key figure heads, the Chairman of WCC - Ahmed Moulana, Deputy Chairman of WCC - Vivekanandarajah A. Moorthy, Director of WCC - Dr. Senaka Silva, Director of WCC - Dr. Arosha Fernando, Director of WCC - R. Sadesh Kumar, Director of WCC - Wijendran Balakrishnan, MD of WCC - Imran Saleem, CEO of WCC Media - Shafraz Jalaldeen, and the Secretary of WCC - Waruni V. Ranasinghe.

This proposed building would be the tallest in Asia and the 9th in the world as accepted by the Skyscraper Centre of U.S.A., and will be the largest tower in the world having a total built up area of 800,000 square metres first of its kind in Sri Lanka, which would be an ultimate tribute to Sri Lanka as well as in the Asian economy, expected to be completed by end of year 2022. Sri Lanka being centrally located in South Asia is perfectly poised to be the launch pad for the Capital Centre owing to all the bilateral trade agreements, close ties with the developing nations and the long trade history with the rest of the world.

While many international banks have been operating in Sri Lanka for decades, the ending of the war has seen the expat community blooming together with large multinational companies looking to invest in new businesses or to open up branches. Within the region, Sri Lanka is very easy to do business with and eventually has the potential to become what Dubai is to the Middle East, what London is to Europe, what Singapore is to South-East Asia or what New York is to the Americas.

WCC intends to be the first financial centre to offer an innovative vehicle for investment companies to have their South Asian base here in Sri Lanka giving an extraordinary boost to the economic development of the country.


          Second volume of ‘Derivative/Hedging Deals’ released   
Second volume of ‘Derivative/Hedging Deals’ released

In ““Derivative/Hedging” Deals—Volume II” (published by AuthorHouse UK), author Nihal Sri Ameresekere has professionally lucidly set out facts of dubious derivative/hedging deals, in two public interest litigations instituted in Sri Lanka, seeking “anti-suit injunctions,” citing renowned authorities, to prevent foreign legal proceedings and for these transactions perpetrated collusively by Standard Chartered Bank, Citibank and Deutsche Bank on their customer, Ceylon Petroleum Corporation, to be adjudicated before the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka, as the most “appropriate forum.”

According to the author, this has been mysteriously strenuously opposed by the attorney general of Sri Lanka, appearing for state agencies and for himself, on baseless objection of “time bar,” resulting in the supreme court questionably upholding such objection, with the author pointing out the “ludicrousy” of such order. As a consequence, the High Court of Justice of the United Kingdom had granted judgment in favour of Standard Chartered Bank. A three-member arbitral tribunal of the London Court of International Arbitration having recognized the true nature as wagering contracts had rejected the Citibank Claim, notwithstanding the U.K. High Court Judgment regarding the Standard Chartered Bank case having been adduced before them. A three-member arbitral tribunal of the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes had a division, with two members awarding the Deutsche Bank’s claim, with a “gaming claim interpreted as an investment” and one member dissenting pointing out that the winnings of a gaming claim cannot be an investment. This could open floodgates to prevent recovery of stolen assets stashed overseas.

Ironically, the attorney general of Sri Lanka had relied on persons, who had to be investigated and who had been compromised by these banks, to give evidence and with resultant settlements. What is emphasized is that “economic terrorism” germinates “armed terrorism,” resulting in the violation of human rights. “Concerns of humanity, transcends interests of nationality,” propounds the author.

“Derivative/Hedging” Deals—Volume II”
By Nihal Sri Ameresekere
Softcover | 8.25x11in | 692 pages | ISBN 9781524681340
E-Book | 692 pages | ISBN 9781524681333
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About the Author
Nihal Sri Ameresekere, a multi-disciplinary professional, well exposed to private and public sectors, is a public interest activist in Sri Lanka, with wide international exposure. Not a legal professional, yet has appeared in person before the Supreme Court of Sri Lanka, the highest judiciary, successfully advocating public interest litigations, with the expansion into human rights and civil society responsibility. He is a forensic accounting investigative specialist. Has extensively published incisive exposés and dispassionately spoken out on matters of national and public interest. Ardently upholds the sacred precept that public property and finance is solely of the people and managed in fiduciary trust by governments; transgression of which he has committedly combated, fearlessly standing up against powerful politicians, bureaucrats and businessmen; whilst castigating compromising and conniving professionals, who act in breach of the contractual responsibility to society, whilst pontificating otherwise.

Consultants 21 Ltd.

          Kommentar zu Ehe für alle, alle für Ehe! von Wedel   
<blockquote>Ein Herr Spahn, kein Fan der Bekämpfung von Altersarmut, tritt für diese Homo-Ehe ein, nur mal so!</blockquote> <strong>Jens Spahn ist selbst ein Homo.</strong> " Seit April 2013 ist er mit dem Journalisten und Leiter des Berliner Hauptstadtbüros der Bunte Daniel Funke liiert." ( Wiki ) <strong>Alice Weidel von der AfD ist auch homo.</strong> "Weidel ist bekennend lesbisch und ist mit der Mutter ihrer beiden Söhne, einer aus Sri Lanka stammenden Schweizer Film- und Fernsehproduzentin, eine eingetragene Partnerschaft eingegangen." ( Wiki ) Ich Rechten wählt nur Homos und wundert euch dann :-)))) Hitler war schwul, Hermann Göring war schwul ......usw.
          Myanmar says it will refuse entry to U.N. investigators probing Rohingya abuses   
Myanmar's opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi takes her seat as she waits to speak to the Myanmar community living in Singapore on the island of Sentosa in Singapore September 22, 2013. REUTERS/Edgar Su

By Simon Lewis
June 30, 2017

YANGON -- Myanmar will refuse entry to members of a United Nations probe focusing on allegations of killings, rape and torture by security forces against Rohingya Muslims, an official said on Friday.

The government led by Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi had already said it would not cooperate with a mission set up after a Human Rights Council resolution was adopted in March.

"If they are going to send someone with regards to the fact-finding mission, then there's no reason for us to let them come," said Kyaw Zeya, permanent secretary at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in the capital, Naypyitaw. 

"Our missions worldwide are advised accordingly," he said, explaining that visas to enter Myanmar would not be issued to the mission's appointees or staff.

Suu Kyi, who came to power last year amid a transition from military rule, leads Myanmar through the specially created position of "State Counsellor", but is also minister of foreign affairs.

Although she does not oversee the military, Suu Kyi has been criticized for failing to stand up for the more than 1 million stateless Rohingya Muslims in the western state of Rakhine.

She said during a trip to Sweden this month the UN mission "would have created greater hostility between the different communities". The majority in Rakhine are ethnic Rakhine Buddhists who, like many in Buddhist-majority Myanmar, see the Rohingya as illegal immigrants from Bangladesh.

Some 75,000 Rohingya fled northwestern Rakhine state to Bangladesh late last year after the Myanmar army carried out a security operation in response to attacks by Rohingya insurgents that killed nine border police.

A U.N. report in February, based on interviews with some of the Rohingya refugees, said the response involved mass killings and gang rapes of Rohingya, and "very likely" amounted to crimes against humanity and possibly ethnic cleansing.

Myanmar, along with neighbors China and India, dissociated itself from the March resolution brought by the European Union, which called for a mission to look into the allegations in Rakhine as well as reports of abuses in ethnic conflicts in the north of the country.

Indira Jaising, an advocate from the Supreme Court of India, was appointed to lead the mission in May. The other two members are Harvard-trained Sri Lankan lawyer Radhika Coomaraswamy and Australian consultant Christopher Dominic.

Myanmar insists that a domestic investigation - headed by former lieutenant general and Vice President Myint Swe - is sufficient to look into the allegations in Rakhine.

"Why do they try to use unwarranted pressure when the domestic mechanisms have not been exhausted?" said Kyaw Zeya.

"It will not contribute to our efforts to solve the issues in a holistic manner," he said.

An advisory panel headed by former UN chief Kofi Annan is set to propose solutions for the broader issues in Rakhine but has not been asked to investigate human rights abuses.

(Reporting by Simon Lewis; Editing by Paul Tait)

          6/30/2017: SPORT: Warm-up win gives women confidence   

ENGLAND will be targeting a repeat of their comfortable Women’s World Cup warm-up victory against Sri Lanka when the sides meet at Taunton on Sunday. England bounced back from a shock opening loss to India to defeat Pakistan by 107 runs, and...
          Comment on 5 Quick Tips for Shipping Internationally by Gayani De Silva   
Yes, I agree! It is hard to find a good shipping company in Sri Lanka. I ship my items abroad through LMS (Lanka Marine Services). It's not just shipping, they have so many other services too. You can check them out here: http://www.lankamarine.com/services/
          US embassy warns women against using tuk-tuks in Sri Lanka   
COLOMBO: The US embassy in Colombo warned Thursday (Jun 29) its citizens visiting Sri Lanka to avoid travelling alone in tuk-tuks after a spate of sexual harassment complaints. The embassy, in a message posted on its website, advised women against hailing the brightly-coloured autorickshaws used ...
          7/1/2017: SPORT: MEG LETS FLY TO BEAT SRI LANK A   

AUSTRALIA skipper Meg Lanning says she never doubted her side would chase down a record target of 258 to beat Sri Lanka and seal a second successive win at the Women’s Cricket World Cup. Lanning scored an imperious 152 not out as Australia raced to 2-...
          Comment on What a Constitution cannot change by Ancient Sinhalaya   
We all say no no. But it is traitor chief die hard catholic token Buddhist Bay Gal Karaya Mega Thief Batalande Wadakaya pol pot r@nil wickramaSinhalakiller who decides. Traitor puppet maru sira has no say. It showed even yesterday, when maru sira's secretary left who came forward? It was traitor chief die hard catholic token Buddhist Batalande Wadakaya's catholic buddy tinass fdo. Maru sira has no say in any of the matters! Batalande Wadakaya wants to please his ardent supporters tamils, mussies and catholic west. So traitor low life going ahead full steam. Only thing which can stop this is Batalande Wadakaya's health. Apparently traitor low life isn't well. Traitor chief went to us to get it fixed. Looks like it didn't work. Hope he will suffer immensely for the sins he has committed against the Sinhalese Sri Lanka and Buddhism. Short memoried Sinhala modayas have forgotten it was traitor alugosuwa (to Sinhalese only) thambi mudiyanselage jr@ who put this straight jacket 13, 13A on Sri Lanka. Traitor alugousuwa just like his traitor nehphew didn't have any Sinhalese blood in them. So breaking up Sri Lanka for the two traitor low lives is a piece of cake. Didn't have to think twice. Now his nephew biggest traitor ever in the history of Sri Lanka is hell bent on destryoing our country for good no matter what. After all Bay Gal Karaya has no off spring. So who cares! That's what traitor low life's line of thinking.
Sri Lanka Multiplying Community aka mussies multiplying multiplying and multiplying like xxxx. They used this dirty trick to make old Buddhist iran, afganisthan, pakesthan, maldives, bangladesh, malaysia and indonesia from Buddhist to mussie in a few hundred years of their arrival. The mussies have Baby Machine Wives, mostly parked at home churning out lorry loads of mussie babies year in year out. Why? Because mussies have no fun in their lives. No drinks, no pork, no music, no women, no porn, no gambling etc. etc. So how do you have a bit of fun? Go home and bash the old deer skin! (old Sinhalese adage). If it is 'loaded' then even better. This is one reason. The other is nobody outside the fastest breeding/most peaceful religion, believes this absurdity. So how do you convince people? You don't have to. You just clone yourself. Bingo! The whole place (country) is awash with mussies in no time. Sri Lanka is the same. Now the multiplying mussies have multiplied and multiplied and all Sinhalese,Tamil deshapaluwan lick the mussie backs for their votes. But these jaathi dhrohee deshapaluwan don't realise they do this at their peril. But the traitor low lives don't give a damn! Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution made all the religions with god concept a farce. Buddhism is the only religion which tallies with the Theory of Evolution. People following these god-based religions still scared to admit they are going on the wrong road. Also we should not forget the fact that nobody has ever seen a god. He didn't bother to save millions who died in WW1, WW2. He is nowhere to be seen in mussie land syria where millions dying. Still they going on the wrong road. Mussies should study Theory of Evolution and it will do a world of good for them. Also Darwin's Theory of Natural Selection explains why so many mussies dying since they multiplying too much. Fastest breeding religion, religion of utter peace followers should study the theory. Also try to stop bashing the old deer skin when you go home after work.
          Comment on What a Constitution cannot change by Fran Diaz   
Dear Shenali, Very well stated ! Many thanks. You have said it all here re the Sri Lanka Constitution. Simply put, we do NOT need a new Constitution. -------- We propose : Remove the ILLEGAL 13-A imposed on Lanka by INDIA. Activate the 6-A. Develop the Country & take care of the People, not annihilate/destroy it. PATRIOTISM to be taught in all Schools, a Must ! We need a PATRIOTIC GOVT. with PATRIOTIC LEADERS.
          Comment on Denigration of Buddhism by Sri Lanka’s Mass Media – Commission of Inquiry urgently needed by Dr.K   
Yes, it should be requested by Maha Nayaka Theros too.
          Il Dono della Diversità    

Perché Il dono della diversità? Semplice. Perché credo fermamente che la diversità debba essere celebrata ogni giorno, ora, attimo della nostra vita come un regalo. [...]

(Alessandro Ghebreigziabiher)

Un portavoce dell'Onu riferisce [...] che in Sri Lanka l'esercito ha ucciso duemila civili e fra loro 100 bambini. [...] Alessandro Ghebreigziabiher è un narratore, un rabdomante di storie. Il dramma di quei bambini, di quelle bambine per lui signifi ca immaginare che ognuna/o di loro racconti il suo motivo per non voler morire.

Una fantasia, certo, ma in questo modo possiamo sapere qualcosa di loro, diventano più vicini a noi invece di restare i numeri freddi di una terrificante statistica. Fra quei Cento motivi per non morire c'è uno [...] che mi appartiene più di altri: non voglio morire «Perché mi piace ascoltare le storie». Ed è questo che rende così preziose le persone come Alessandro: loro raccontano, scovano, cesellano, a volte inventano storie e ce le regalano.

Nel tempo degli effetti speciali e degli orologi che ti mordono i polpacci c'è ancora molta gente che quando incontra un vero narratore, una narratrice autentica resta lì, oltre l'orario previsto e non se ne vuole andare. Alessandro Ghebreigziabiher sa scriverle e sa raccontarle. [...] Quasi sempre Alessandro Ghebreigziabiher preferisce il registro ironico e paradossale ma a volte intuiamo che mentre scriveva i suoi occhi erano pieni di lampi o di lacrime.

Proprio come i miei mentre attraversavo, stupito e ammirato, le pagine di questo libro/viaggio.

Grazie ancora ad Alessandro Ghebreigziabiher per avermi ricordato, in queste pagine, due regoline che ogni narratore o ascoltatore deve sempre tenere a mente. "Centottanta gradi e nel dado il sei diventa uno", insomma il mondo si può guardare a rovescio e/o mettere sottosopra. [...]

(Daniele Barbieri)

          Amnesty Internetional - Rapporto 2010 - La Situazione dei Diritti Umani nel Mondo   

Il Rapporto Annuale 2010 di Amnesty International documenta la situazione dei diritti umani in 159 paesi e territori nel corso del 2009.

Il Rapporto ripercorre un anno in cui la richiesta di giustizia è sembrata per molti essere un ideale lontano, mentre la vita quotidiana delle persone continuava a essere dilaniata da repressioni, violenze, discriminazioni, giochi di potere e battute d'arresto politiche.

Ma il Rapporto celebra anche progressi concreti, rivelando come sia divenuto ormai sempre più difficile per i responsabili dei peggiori crimini assicurarsi l'impunità.

La richiesta di giustizia non si limita più solo a garantire indennizzi per uccisioni o torture, ma si estende fino a occuparsi della negazione di tutti quei diritti necessari a ogni persona per vivere in dignità la propria vita.

Introduzione al Rapporto Annuale 2010 di Claudio Cordone,

Segretario Generale ad interim di Amnesty International

Tra gennaio e maggio del 2009, nello Sri Lanka, circa 300.000 civili sono rimasti intrappolati in una piccola striscia di terra, tra le Tigri per la liberazione della patria Tamil (Ltte) in ritirata e l'esercito che avanzava. Nonostante un crescendo di denunce di violazioni dei diritti umani, il Consiglio di sicurezza non è intervenuto. Almeno 7000 persone sono state uccise ma alcune fonti parlano persino di 20.000. Il governo dello Sri Lanka ha liquidato le notizie di crimini di guerra commesse dalle sue forze armate e ha respinto le richieste di un'indagine internazionale.

Nel contempo, non ha svolto alcuna inchiesta credibile e indipendente. Il Consiglio Onu dei diritti umani è stato convocato in sessione speciale, ma i giochi di potere hanno portato gli stati membri ad approvare una risoluzione proposta dallo Sri Lanka, in cui ci si complimentava per il successo ottenuto contro l'Ltte. Alla fine dell'anno, nonostante ulteriori prove di crimini di guerra e di altre violazioni dei diritti umani, nessuno era stato portato di fronte alla giustizia.

È veramente difficile immaginare un fallimento peggiore nell'accertamento delle responsabilità di chi ha violato i diritti umani.

Tutto questo mi ha fatto tornare in mente l'introduzione al Rapporto annuale 1992. Intitolata "Farla franca con gli omicidi", questa denunciava i tanti paesi in cui leader civili o militari responsabili di aver ordinato o tollerato omicidi, sparizioni forzate, stupri sistematici e altre torture, non correvano alcun pericolo di essere chiamati a risponderne di fronte alla giustizia.

Lo Sri Lanka figurava nell'elenco, in quanto il governo dell'epoca era venuto meno al dovere di sottoporre a procedimenti giudiziari i responsabili di decine di migliaia di esecuzioni extragiudiziali e sparizioni forzate, nella violenta reppressione dell'insurrezione interna degli anni 1988-90.