Global drug ring 'used drones to counter police' before $30m haul seized   

An international drug syndicate used drones to conduct counter-surveillance on police before seven members were arrested in Melbourne over a $30 million shipment of cocaine from Panama, authorities say.


          Plastic Headgear Market, Trends, Size and Forecasts   

Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, “Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries”

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 09/25/2014 -- Reports and Intelligence adds a new report titled, "Global Plastic Headgear Market to 2017 - Market Size, Growth and Forecasts in Nearly 70 Countries" which is a useful piece of information for the global players in the plastic headgear market. The report provides a comprehensive analysis on the market trends, size, forecast and growth of the overall plastic headgear market.

Browse complete report at:
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/global-plastic-headgear-to-2017-size-growth-and-forecasts-in-nearly-70-countries-market

Report provides the market share of plastic headgears in the overall global market and further segments the plastic headgear market on the basis of product. The product segment includes Safety headgear and other headgears of plastic.

Analysis in the report is based on 2006-2012 market data and the report forecasts the global market till the year 2017, which provides insightful market information for the investors, sales, marketing & product managers and analysts in an accessible and well presented format.

The report covers the following topics:

-Global Market size
-Market growth rate
-Market segmentation on the basis of products
-Growth rate of each product segment
-Market forecasts

See similar report: Spirit Markets in the Top 5 European Countries to 2018 - Market Size, Trends, and Forecasts
http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/spirit-in-the-top-5-european-countries-to-2018-size-trends-and-forecasts-market

Report covers the following geographical regions:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bolivia, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Morocco, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Vietnam.

Contact Us:

Cathy Viber,
5933 NE Win Sivers Drive,
#205, Portland, OR 97220
United States

Direct: 617-674-4143
Toll Free: 855-711-1555
Fax: 855-550-5975
Email: sales@reportsandintelligence.com
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/plastic-headgear-market-trends-size-and-forecasts-548993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Cathy Viber
International Accounts Manager
Reports and Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Cathy Viber
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Vaccines - American Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different American countries.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/13/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different American countries. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:
- Overall market for vaccines in different American countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-american-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different American countries?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Bolivia, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, United States and Uruguay

Similar Report
Global Medical Nonwoven Disposables Market: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/medical-nonwoven-disposables-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-american-markets-package-538286.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Vaccines - Global Markets Package   

This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world.

Portland, OR -- (ReleaseWire) -- 08/12/2014 -- This market research report package offers a perspective on the actual market situation, trends and future outlook for vaccines in different countries around the world. The studies provide essential market information for decision-makers including:

- Overall market for vaccines in different countries
- Market for vaccines by product type
- Forecasts and future outlook of the market
- Macroeconomic indicators

Get detailed report at: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/vaccines-global-package-market

These market studies answer to questions such as:
- What is the size of the vaccine markets in different countries around the world?
- How are the markets divided into different types of products?
- Which products are growing fast?
- How the markets have been developing?
- How does the future look like?
- What is the potential for the markets?
- How the macroeconomic indicators look like?

Product types discussed in the studies:
Human vaccines
Veterinary vaccines

Years covered: 2006 - 2017

Countries included in the package:
Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bangladesh, Belgium, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Macedonia, Malaysia, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay and Vietnam

Similar report
Global Dialysis Market (Types, Products and Services, End-users and Geography): http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/dailysis-market

For more information on this press release visit: http://www.releasewire.com/press-releases/vaccines-global-markets-package-537993.htm

Media Relations Contact

Sona Padman
International Accounts Manager
Reports And Intelligence
Telephone: 617-674-4143
Email: Click to Email Sona Padman
Web: http://www.reportsandintelligence.com/


          Asistente de Comercio Exterior (Practica Profesional)   
MIGUELEZ CHILE LTDA Fabricación, Importación, Exportación y comercialización de cables eléctricos. Un experto global con más de 400 empleados distribuidos por España, Francia, Alemania, Portugal, Estados Unidos, Chile, Panamá y Perú. Filial en Chile (Par......
          T&T pick up three early CCCAN swim medals   

The brother and sister pair of Graham Chatoor and Jada Chatoor as well as Arielle Dickson picked up the first set of medals for T&T when the swimming segment of the Central American and Caribbean Swimming Confederation Championship continued at the National Aquatic Centre, in Balmain, Couva, yesterday.

In fact, Jada Chatoor was the first medal winner for T&T in the pool when she touched the wall with the second fastest time of nine minutes, 18.10 seconds in the 13-14 Girls 800m freestyle Time Trial finals on Wednesday night.

Honduran Michelle Ramirez won gold in 9:16.06 minutes while Costa Rican Daniela Alforo was third in 9:21.43 with T&T’s other entrant Jahmia Harley, 12th in 10:06.66.

In the 18 & Over Girls event, T&T duo Shania David (10:42.67) and Megan Charles (11:17.38) were sixth and seventh respectively while in the 15-17 equivalent, Sabrina David was eighth in 10:23.97.

Graham Chatoor was third home in the 15-17 Boys 1500m freestyle in 16:47.68 behind Puerto Rico’s Alexis Soto (16:17.46) and Panama’s Andres Lares (16:31.79) while countryman Gabriel Bynoe was sixth in 17:58.27.

T&T’s Delroy Tyrrell was seventh in the 13-14 Boys 1500m freestyle in 18:16.50 while in the 18& Over splash, Aleem Mohammed (18:46.24 mins) and Aaron Acres (19:52.26 mins) ended seventh and eight respectively for the host country.

In the morning session, Dickson raced home in third spot in the 11-12 Girls 200m breaststroke final, in three minutes, 09.96 behind Jamaican Sabrina Lyn (3:03.89) and Grenada’s Mia Neckles (3:04.26).

USA-based top T&T swimmer and FINA World Championship-bound, Dylan Carter of the University of Southern California also made a grand start to the competition.

This after Carter, competing in the 18 and Over Boys 100m butterfly heats smashed a 14-year-old record.

Carter touched the wall in 53.87 seconds well below the 2003 mark of Joshua IIika of 54.94 while team-mate Christian Awah also qualified for last night’s final in sixth place, with a time of 57.87.

In all T&T swimmers, secured 27 individual spots in finals last night while the 11-2 mixed freestyle 200m relay team also booked a place in its final. The quartet of Zarek Wilson, Zoe Anthony, Kadon Williams and Savannah Che-Wah clocked 1:53.59 under the 2015 record of 1:54.99 set by Barbados and behind fellow record breakers, Bermuda (1:51.42) and Jamaica (1:51.54).

Swimming continues today with heats from 9 am and finals from 5.30 pm until Sunday while synchronised swimming and diving also continue at the same venue from 4 pm and 9 am respectively.


          New wave of extinctions predicted for vital food species - Environmental News Network - Spotlight   
Poaching, illegal fishing and deforestation are threatening more than quarter of UNESCO’s World Heritage sites, according to a report by the WWF  (World Wide Fund for Nature) — and the consequences are not just environmental.The report states that 18 out of the 50 threatened sites are in Latin American countries such as Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama and Peru. It also says the number could be higher because the illegal extraction of species in the region — a business with annual profits of almost US$ 2 billion — is not as well studied as it is in Africa or Asia.
          Gilberto Santa Rosa arrancará una gira mundial en República Dominicana   

SANTO DOMINGO. Gilberto Santa Rosa arrancará su gira mundial de celebración de 40 años en la música en República Dominicana, el próximo 7 de septiembre, en el Gran Teatro del Cibao y seguirá 8 y 9 de septiembre en el Teatro Nacional Eduardo Brito.

El Caballero de la Salsa dio a conocer detalles de “40... y contando” ayer, en una conferencia de prensa con medios de América Latina vía streming desde su Puerto Rico natal.

Costa Rica, Panamá, Chile, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, España, Canadá, Perú, Estados Unidos y México son los países hasta ahora incluidos en la gira.

“Ha sido una travesía bien interesante, con cosas buenas, otras menos buenas. Pero las buenas han sido muchas más”, expresó Santa Rosa sobre su carrera, que le ha permitido hacer lo que le gusta, desde su propio país, donde ha vivido y se mantiene y desde donde gira al mundo. “Tengo en Puerto Rico casa y plaza”, sentenció. “Los compañeros míos de todas las generaciones me han dado su cariño, su respeto, su abrazo. Los que llegaron antes que yo, los que llegaron conmigo y los que llegaron después de mí. Pues todo eso lo vamos a celebrar en esta gira de “40... y contando”, manifestó con orgullo.

“Pretendo cantar 40 títulos en cada show, así que... Oremos a ver si sale. Y que salga. Voy a tener el respaldo de excelentes músicos y en algunos lugares artistas invitados”, dijo el intérprete que tendrá su debut en solitario en el Auditorio Nacional de México, donde antes se ha presentado pero junto a otros artistas.


          - possibly 5 the    
In establish to set up properly for a job interview it is quibbling that you know that within are two goals that will driving force in whereabouts. If you focusing your travels about these two goals, your likelihood of securing the pole dramatically mushroom.Those two goals are: Gain Rapport With The Interview Panel Sell Your Skills To Match The Employer's Needs Post ads:Coach Julia Op Art Zippy Wallet 46805 (Cream Light / Ibex Unisex Shak 2-Layer Glove / Outdoor Research Alpine Hat / D&G DOLCE&GABBANA SUNGLASSES D&G 2192 BLACK 338 Apparel / Dakine Men's Noah Beanie / HAT SIZE REDUCER sweatband Straw Felt wool Panama Ballcap / Simple Silver Circle Link Chain Hip Belt / BabyLegs Leg Warmers / Turtle Fur - Double Layer Headband, Chelonia 150 Fleece / Marc by Marc Jacobs 216/S Sunglasses / Gianfranco Ferre GF ZX5CR1 80550 U526 Ladies' Salgemma / Men's Grey Titanium Money Clip with Oval Accent / Smith Optics 2012/13 Lineup Polarized Sunglasses / Knitted Elegent Mens Stripes Pattern Scarf, Many Colors / Leather in Chicago Mens Trifold Genuine Leather Wallet Cow / Brooks Men's Infiniti Beanie / Caterpillar Men's Trademark Microsuede Cap / Neckties by Scott Allan, 100% Silk Necktie, Red Geometric / Marc Ecko Cut & Sew Mens Studded Wide Casual Jean BeltIf you privation to succeed, believe way in which you could gain rapport:
          Estudio revela que el aceite de oliva puede prevenir el Alzheimer - Canal 44 El Canal de las Noticias   

Canal 44 El Canal de las Noticias

Estudio revela que el aceite de oliva puede prevenir el Alzheimer
Canal 44 El Canal de las Noticias
Investigadores de la Universidad Temple de Filadelfia han descubierto que el aceite de oliva extra virgen ayuda a mejorar la capacidad de aprendizaje y protege contra la pérdida de memoria asociada con la enfermedad de Alzheimer. Domenico Pratico ...
Mary incorpora aceite de oliva a su gama de productosEntornoInteligente
Los científicos revelan el producto más saludable para el cerebroPanamaOn

los 11 artículos informativos »

          Varios dominicanos entre los bancos más grandes de Centroamérica   

Varios bancos dominicanos están entre los más grandes de América Central, según el Ranking de Bancos 2017 de la revista América Económica, elaborado considerando la cantidad de activos de las entidades financieras según sus estados auditivos del año 2016.

El primer criollo de la lista es el Banco de Reservas, que ocupa la posición número 5, precedido solo por el Banco General (Panamá), el Nacional (Costa Rica), el Industrial (Guatemala) y el Nacional (Panamá) que son, en ese orden, los cuatro más grandes de la región.

La entrada Varios dominicanos entre los bancos más grandes de Centroamérica aparece primero en Argentarium.


          New comment on Item for Geeklist "2017 Dice Tower Convention Virtual Flea Market"    

by MattDavisFLA

Related Item: Panamax

I'll offer $25. Thanks, Matt

          DOWNLOAD TECH HOUSE - HOUSE - TECHNO - DEEP HOUSE - INDIE DANCE / NU DISCO - TRANCE - 1000 EXCELLENT HQ TRACKS   

DOWNLOAD ALL
2wice Shye, Sterra Lucas - Primal (Original Mix)
zippyshare
909 Til Infinity - Just Show Up (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Abdel Karim - Imagination (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Abel Ramos, Albert Neve - Flat Beat (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
Abide - 2004 (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Abide - Chance Of A Day (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Abity - Crystal Circus (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Abity - Time Collapse (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Abrupt Gear - Marleko (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Abrupt Gear - Marleko (Ronski Speed Remix)
zippyshare
Adam Ellis - Blu-82 (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Adam Szydlik - Venase (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ahmet Mecnun - Gon' Dance To It (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ahmet Mecnun - Gon' Dance To It (Toni Varga Remix)
zippyshare
Ahmet Mecnun - Second Day (David Glass Remix)
zippyshare
Ahmet Mecnun - Second Day (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Albert Hipman, Federico Mandelli - Biosphere (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Albert Hipman, Federico Mandelli - Labyrinth (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Albert Hipman, Federico Mandelli - Organoleptic Paper (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Aldrin Zurita - Beat Room (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Aldrin Zurita - RPM (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alek Sanderkane - Pickadoll (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Myna, DJ Patisso, Maky Ferrari - For the Love (Instrumental Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Myna, DJ Patisso, Maky Ferrari - For the Love (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Pich - Dharma (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Pich - Epsilon (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Pich, Pavel Denisov - Prana (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Sounds, Alex Gamez - Monday (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Sounds, Alex Gamez - One Way (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Sounds, Alex Gamez - Street (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Young, Deetech - Bedford Avenue (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alex Young, Deetech - Impressionante (Daniel Boon Remix)
zippyshare
Alex Young, Deetech - Impressionante (Moe Danger Remix)
zippyshare
Alex Young, Deetech - Impressionante (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alexander Volosnikov - When the Sun Goes Down (Instrumental Mix)
zippyshare
Alexander Volosnikov - When the Sun Goes Down (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alexey Union - Amalthea (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alfonso Muchacho - Pathways (N'Pot Remix)
zippyshare
Alfonso Muchacho - Pathways (Onez!E Remix)
zippyshare
Alfonso Muchacho - Pathways (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alfonso Muchacho - Pathways (Ryan Sullivan Remix)
zippyshare
Allies for Everyone - Bite My Tongue (Brad Hart & Matt Hardinge Remix)
zippyshare
Allies for Everyone - Bite My Tongue (Kohra's Dub Dreamwork)
zippyshare
Allies for Everyone - Bite My Tongue (Kohra's Vocal Dreamwork)
zippyshare
Allies for Everyone - Bite My Tongue (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Allies for Everyone - Bite My Tongue (Techno Fruhstuck Remix)
zippyshare
Alpha K - Klein Meisie (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alpha K - Marimba Ritmes (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Alternate High - You Are Not Alone (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ambonati - Spiral Wave (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Amentia - Toucan (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Amy Pearson, Chris Brogan - Feel U Moving (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Anders Hellberg - Cinemero (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Anders Hellberg - Krakel (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Anders Hellberg - Solida (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Andres Valera - Afronize (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Andrew Wu - Moving On (Double Creativity Remix)
zippyshare
Andrew Wu - Moving On (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Andy Notalez - Machines (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Andy Roda, Alaia, Gallo - Movin 'N Werkin' (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Angelo Draetta - Watch Me Dance (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ankker - Dimension (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ankker - Party Starter (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Annakost Sound - Smooth (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Annakost Sound - The Piano (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - All And All (Gene Leone Remix - BKR Radio Edit)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - C'Mon, Ah, Hey, Yeah! (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - Coming Up (Gene Leone Remix - BKR Radio Edit)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - Give All My Love (Gene Leone Philly Soul Mix - BKR Radio Edit)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - Greatful (Simon Master W Mix - BKR Radio Edit)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - Made It Through (Gene Leone D'Street Mix - BKR Radio Edit)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - Someone (Duet with Michele McCain) (Gene Leone Remix - BKR Edit)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - Testify (Zonum Remix - BKR Radio Edit)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - Yeah, Yeah, Yeah, Yeah! (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Anthony Poteat - Your Love Is Serious (Simon Master W Timeless Mix - BKR Radio Edit)
zippyshare
Antonio Casertano - Let You Go (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Antonio Casertano - Magnetic Island (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Antonio Casertano - Rocky Bay (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Antrim - Catwalk (Alejandro Manso Remix)
zippyshare
Antrim - Catwalk (Jaap Ligthart Remix)
zippyshare
Antrim - Catwalk (Matias Chilano Remix)
zippyshare
Antrim - Catwalk (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Antti Rasi - Liitäjä (BP's 'Sandstorm' Remix)
zippyshare
Antti Rasi - Liita¨ja¨ (Matias Vila Remix)
zippyshare
Antti Rasi - Liita¨ja¨ (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Antti Rasi - Liita¨ja¨ (Speaking in Tongues Remix)
zippyshare
AREA21 - We Did It (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Armen Miran - Nani Jan (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Arude - Alien Sky (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Arude - Fragments (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Audinary - Amazon (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Audinary - Bouncing Ball (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Audiojack - Equilibrium (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Audiojack - Spirit (Fort Romeau Remix)
zippyshare
Audiojack - Spirit (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Audiotrauma - Alkaline (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Audiotrauma - Give It To Me (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Audiotrauma - Tricks (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Autodidact, Laura - Az Erzes (Erich Von Kollar Remix)
zippyshare
Autodidact, Laura - Az Erzes (John Drummer Remix)
zippyshare
Autodidact, Laura - Az Erzes (Robert R. Hardy Remix)
zippyshare
Bankewitz, Jewls - Never Slow Down (Original Club Mix)
zippyshare
Bassel Darwish - Osiris (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Batrix - Third Eye (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Batrix - Zulu Dance (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Be Svendsen - Voice Of Tohe (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Bedrud, AskMe - Octagon (Original Club Mix)
zippyshare
Beginni - Escobar (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Beico, MT93 - Broken Soul (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Beico, MT93 - Catarsis (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Beico, MT93 - Cousiong Of The Another Blood (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Beico, MT93 - Superarse (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Beico, MT93 - The Revolution (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ben Jones, Ferher - Deeper Things (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ben Manson, Rony Golding - Abflug (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ben Manson, Rony Golding - Teilchenbeschleuniger (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ben Remember - Tunnels (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ben Teufel, Felix Sanchez - Ostal (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ben Teufel, Felix Sanchez - Pada (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ben Teufel, Felix Sanchez - Wrekum (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Beverly Hills - Gangster Dub (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Beverly Hills - Gangster Trumpet (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Big Pack - City Nights (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Black Roof - Possible (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Black Roof - Possible (Tom Hades Remix)
zippyshare
Black Roof - Pragmatic (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Blanke - Curiosity (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Blanke - Nashi (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Blaq Sons - Cable Tie (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Blaq Sons - Habits (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Blaq Sons - Warming Sun (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Block, Crown - House The Funk (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Bloem, Sadhu Sensi - iziBongo (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Bodyrox - Yeah Yeah (Chocolate Puma Remix)
zippyshare
Bogdan Vix, Lucid Blue - I Am Now (Mhammed El Alami Extended Remix)
zippyshare
Boyard - Still In Space (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Boyard - Sunrise (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Breger - Declaration (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Breger - From The Crypt (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Canedo - Control (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Canedo - Pista (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Canedo - Pisto (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Carlos A - Play It (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Carlos A - Rolling (Ian Ludvig Remix)
zippyshare
Carlos A - Rolling (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Carlos A - Rolling (Toni Carrillo Remix)
zippyshare
Chagochkin, Caterina Di Sciascio - La Musica (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Che La Seye, Coda Deep - Enchanted Forest (Diegho Remix)
zippyshare
Che La Seye, Coda Deep - Enchanted Forest (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Chris Main - Wasabi (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Chris Veron - Gravity Boost (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Christian Monique - Euphoria (EDLands Remix)
zippyshare
Christian Monique - Euphoria (Jonnas B Remix)
zippyshare
Christian Monique - Euphoria (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Christian Monique - Euphoria (Yuriy From Russia Remix)
zippyshare
Christian Nielsen - From The Dust (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Christian Nielsen - This Is How I Work (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Chus, Ceballos, Cari Golden, Rafa Barrios - Now Or Never (Instrumental Mix)
zippyshare
Chus, Ceballos, Cari Golden, Rafa Barrios - Now Or Never (Original Mix)
zippyshare
CIRI - Earsfield (Original Mix)
zippyshare
CIRI - Gracey (Original Mix)
zippyshare
CIRI - Roger (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ciro Visone - Lane Departure (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Cosmaks - First Breath (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Cosmaks - Perspective (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Cosmaks - When It All Began (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Cowens Brothers, Beatrich - For You (Embody Remix)
zippyshare
Cowens Brothers, Beatrich - For You (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Coyu, Bastian Bux - Satara (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Coyu, Bastian Bux - Umbral (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Craig, Grant Gordon - The Meeting (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Cristoph - Feel (Original Mix)
zippyshare
CubeTonic - Taradam (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
Cup, String - In The Back (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Cup, String - Never Knew (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dahu - Desolate (Clawz SG Remix)
zippyshare
Dahu, MPathy - Sonder (Soul Button Remix)
zippyshare
Dana Bergquist, Peder G - Your Love (Benjamin Frohlich Remix)
zippyshare
Dana Bergquist, Peder G - Your Love (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dana Bergquist, Peder G - Your Love (Urmet K Instrumental Remix)
zippyshare
Dana Bergquist, Peder G - Your Love (Urmet K Remix)
zippyshare
Dandara, Meraki (BR) - Fire (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Daniel Kyo - Mosquitos (Bird Of Paradise Remix)
zippyshare
Daniel Kyo - Mosquitos (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Daniel Kyo - No Future (Gameboyz Remix)
zippyshare
Daniel Kyo - No Future (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Daniel Nova - Elisa (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
Danilo Milani - Hot That (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Danilo Milani - This Is F (Original Mix)
zippyshare
David Gravell, Alice Berg - Young Love (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
David Herrero - Feel Dis Sountz (Original Mix)
zippyshare
David Penn, Hosse - I Can't Wait (Original Mix)
zippyshare
David Penn, Hosse - I Can't Wait (Roog, Dennis Quin Remix)
zippyshare
Dayne S - Labyrinth (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dayne S - Sensor (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dean Demanuele - Manly (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dean Demanuele - Mental Love (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dean Demanuele - Not Just Talk (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dean Demanuele - Salty Flavour (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dean Demanuele - Summer Blue (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Deeplotronic - All The Drugs (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Deeplotronic - Panama (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Deeplotronic - Reels (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Definition - Orient (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DEL-30 - West Coast (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DELPHIE - Apogeo (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DELPHIE - Apogeo (Saulo Paul Remix)
zippyshare
DELPHIE - End (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DELPHIE - Infame (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DELPHIE - Infortune (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DELPHIE - Inner Talk (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DELPHIE - Interlude (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DELPHIE - Perigeo (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dennis Pedersen - Emergence (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
Deviate - Flashback (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Diction - There Is No Way (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Diet Candy - Fever (ThomChris Soul Club Remix)
zippyshare
Dilby - Invisible (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dilby - Invisible (Teenage Mutants Remix)
zippyshare
Disk Nation - Lovebirds (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Disk Nation - Shine (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dizharmonia - Acacia (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dizharmonia - Isimeria (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dizharmonia - Pythagorion (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dizharmonia, T.Pals - Diotima (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DJ Braver - Hit That Switch (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DJ Braver - More Monkey Madness (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DJ Braver - The Very Long Cave (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DJ Braver - The Very Long Cave (Vicky Montefusco Remix)
zippyshare
DJ Entwan - Bad Girls (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DJ Kolin, Abrupt Gear - Cannes (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DJ Lion - Labrace (Dakar Remix)
zippyshare
DJ Lion - Labrace (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DJ LULU & DJ Gas - Hot Shot (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dj Nkosie - 1.05 (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dj Nkosie - Amb Vollard (Main Mix)
zippyshare
Dj Nkosie - Jammer (Main Mix)
zippyshare
Dj Nkosie - King (Main Mix)
zippyshare
Dj Nkosie - Phreaky Dance (Main Mix)
zippyshare
Dj Nkosie, Zweli The Dj - No Emotions (Main Mix)
zippyshare
Doc Link - Let The Drums Roll (Demarkus Lewis Remix)
zippyshare
Doc Link - Let The Drums Roll (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dot Chandler, Lucas Freire - Deep In Underground (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DP-6 - Contour (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DP-6 - Fusion (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DP-6 - Refraction (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DP-6 - Structures (Original Mix)
zippyshare
DP-6 - Timeline (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Drvg Cvltvre - I Am The Sea Swell (Cottams Storm Brewing Remix)
zippyshare
Drvg Cvltvre - I Am The Sea Swell (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Drvg Cvltvre - Ultima Thule (Iron Blu Remix)
zippyshare
Drvg Cvltvre - Ultima Thule (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dub Recycle - Galax (Against The Time Remix)
zippyshare
Dub Recycle - Galax (Monobloq Remix)
zippyshare
Dub Recycle - Galax (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dusky - Balfour Betty (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dusky - Bowed (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dusky - Cold Heart (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Dusky - Psychic Life Coach (Original Mix)
zippyshare
E.M.C.K. - Do You Still Care (Original Mix)
zippyshare
E.M.C.K. - Do You Still Care (Sodeep Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - Drops In A Downpour (Chris Drifter Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - Drops In A Downpour (Goyes, Dave C. Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - Drops In A Downpour (Original Mix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - Drops In A Downpour (Robert R. Hardy Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - Drops In A Downpour (Sebastian Busto Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - False Visions (Blood Groove & Kikis Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - False Visions (Controlwerk Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - False Visions (Original Mix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - False Visions (Subconscious Tales Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - One Silent Cloudburst (Mohn (NL) Remix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - One Silent Cloudburst (Original Mix)
zippyshare
East Cafe - One Silent Cloudburst (Sounom Remix)
zippyshare
Eclipse - Underground Culture (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ed Flow - Sentimiento (Club Mix)
zippyshare
Ed Flow - Sentimiento (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ed Flow - Sentimiento (Radio Edit)
zippyshare
Ed Flow - Sentimiento (Soultrade Dub)
zippyshare
Ed Flow - Sentimiento (Soultrade Remix)
zippyshare
Edinei - Can You Play (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Edinei - Get The Funk (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Edinei - Jack The Sound (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Edinei - Take Me Back (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Electronic Youth, Sone2 - Bad Man (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Electronic Youth, Sone2 - Going Back (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Eli Nissan - Circle Of Fifth (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Eli Nissan - Liquid Stars (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Eli Nissan - Moon Clock (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ella Darr - Go (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ella Darr - Who Are You (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Ella Darr - Yours (Original Mix)
zippyshare
E-Man, Dave Anthony - Tree Of Life (DJ Bonnie Midnight Instrumental Remix)
zippyshare
E-Man, Dave Anthony - Tree Of Life (DJ Bonnie Midnight Remix)
zippyshare
E-Man, Dave Anthony - Tree Of Life (Instrumental Mix)
zippyshare
E-Man, Dave Anthony - Tree Of Life (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Embliss, Manu Zain - Worthwhile (LTN 'Sunrise' Remix)
zippyshare
Embliss, Manu Zain - Worthwhile (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Endorfina - Vertex (Nordstorm Remix)
zippyshare
Endorfina - Vertex (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Endorfina - Vertex (Tsyba Remix)
zippyshare
Endorfina - Vertex (Yuriy From Russia Remix)
zippyshare
Eric Zimmer, Shawn Hunter - Spiritus Vehementis (Danny Legatto Remix)
zippyshare
Eric Zimmer, Shawn Hunter - Spiritus Vehementis (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Erick Decks, David Novacek - Trash Talk (Jackin Mix)
zippyshare
Erick Decks, David Novacek - Trash Talk (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Erick Decks, David Novacek - Trash Talk (Percussion DJ Tool)
zippyshare
Erick Decks, David Novacek - Trash Talk (Percussion Mix)
zippyshare
Erik Christiansen, David Museen - Spacer Jam (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Erik Hagleton - Arro (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Erik Hagleton - Break Of Dawn (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Erik Hagleton - Carnaval (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Estroe - Murk (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Estroe - Querulant (Justin Berkovi Remix)
zippyshare
Estroe - Querulant (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Eugeneos - Double (Hassio (COL) Remix)
zippyshare
Eugeneos - Double (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Eugeneos - Feeling Good (Background Remix)
zippyshare
Eugeneos - Feeling Good (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Evil Tribe - Blacklist (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
Exorbitant DJ - Green Monster (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Exorbitant DJ - Hanging On (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Exorbitant DJ, Walkman Alkhebu Warrior - Purpose (Intergalactik Mix)
zippyshare
Fabio XB - You (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
Fairtone - Mist (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fairtone - Mist (PHCK Remix)
zippyshare
Fairtone - Mist (Tim Hanmann Remix)
zippyshare
Fairtone - You Can Do (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fancy Inc - Curve (Felipe Cobos Remix)
zippyshare
Fancy Inc - Curve (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fancy Inc - Wanna Thing (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fancy Inc - Wanna Thing (Tolstoi, Andsan Remix)
zippyshare
Felix Eul - Interplay (Mollono.Bass Remix)
zippyshare
Felix Eul - Interplay (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Felix Eul - Interplay (Peng Peng Remix)
zippyshare
Felix Eul - Pianoctopus (Konfetti Klub Ensemble Remix)
zippyshare
Felix Eul - Pianoctopus (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Felix Eul - Quasar (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Felix Eul - Quasar (Timboletti Remix)
zippyshare
Fickry - Get Back (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fickry - Unload (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fisherman, Hawkins - Antidote (Dave Neven Remix)
zippyshare
Flapjackers, Bollen, Fichtner - Arabic Bang (Di Chiara Brothers Remix)
zippyshare
Flapjackers, Bollen, Fichtner - Arabic Bang (DJ Sneak Remix)
zippyshare
Flapjackers, Bollen, Fichtner - Arabic Bang (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Flex - Dance Hard (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Flex - Mellow Sunset (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Floe - Brain Bug (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Floe - Introspection (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Floe, S.Ana - Animal Instinct (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Flow, Zeo - Density (Anturage Remix)
zippyshare
Flow, Zeo - Density (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Flow, Zeo - Density (Th Moy Remix)
zippyshare
F-Man - We Are Controlling Transmission (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fouk - F3000 (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fouk - See You On The Other Side (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fouk - With Lasers (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Frag Maddin - Blufunk (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Frank Dueffel, Stephen Kirkwood - Aquaplaning (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Frederic Stunkel - Ego Push (Anina Owly Remix)
zippyshare
Frederic Stunkel - Ego Push (Diaz, Parree Remix)
zippyshare
Frederic Stunkel - Ego Push (John Haden Remix)
zippyshare
Frederic Stunkel - Ego Push (Piatto Remix)
zippyshare
French In Berlin - Kiesel (Original Mix)
zippyshare
French In Berlin - Osmose (Elek-Fun Remix)
zippyshare
French In Berlin - Osmose (Original Mix)
zippyshare
French Touch 2 - Breakin Necks (Papastomp Remix)
zippyshare
French Touch 2 - Check Out (Déni Shaïn Remix)
zippyshare
French Touch 2 - Come On (Frédo Remix)
zippyshare
French Touch 2 - Movin Up (Original Mix)
zippyshare
French Touch 2 - What Would You Change (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fright Nite - Calcutta Airport (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fundamental Harmonics - Deneb (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Fundamental Harmonics - Gienah (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Funk Mediterraneo - A Tribe Of Stix (DJ Beloved & DJ Spen Beatz)
zippyshare
Funk Mediterraneo - A Tribe Of Stix (DJ Beloved & DJ Spen Remix)
zippyshare
Funk Mediterraneo - A Tribe Of Stix (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Funk Mediterraneo - Another Place (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Funk Mediterraneo - Dance Dance Everybody (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Funk Mediterraneo, Daniel Chia - Jackie Brown (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Gareth Emery, Christina Novelli - Concrete Angel (Coone & Code Black Extended Remix)
zippyshare
Gareth Emery, Christina Novelli - Concrete Angel (Dash Berlin Extended Remix)
zippyshare
Gareth Emery, Christina Novelli - Concrete Angel (HAKA Extended Remix)
zippyshare
Gareth Emery, Christina Novelli - Concrete Angel (MitiS Extended Remix)
zippyshare
Gareth Emery, Christina Novelli - Concrete Angel (ReOrder Extended Remix)
zippyshare
George Greaves, GG90 - Alegria (Original Club Mix)
zippyshare
George Makrakis - Redemption (Original Mix)
zippyshare
George Makrakis - Restart (Original Mix)
zippyshare
George Makrakis - Vapourise (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Gettoblaster, Just Alexander - Bubble (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Gettoblaster, Q - Jello Booty (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Gianni Firmaio - Fiesta (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Glass Slipper - Glass Slipper (Allen Craig Remix)
zippyshare
Glass Slipper - Glass Slipper (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Glen Coombs - Oriah (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Glen Coombs - Sierra (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Glen Coombs - Transcend (Agent! Remix)
zippyshare
Glen Coombs - Transcend (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Glitter - Saturno (Original Mix)
zippyshare
G-Mohris - Dunya (Antrim Remix)
zippyshare
G-Mohris - Dunya (Marcelo Vasami Remix)
zippyshare
G-Mohris - Dunya (Matias Chilano Remix)
zippyshare
Goda Brother - Distance (Ivanshee Remix)
zippyshare
Goda Brother - Distance (Luciano Scheffer Remix)
zippyshare
Goda Brother - Distance (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Going Deeper, Deep Matter, AWR - First Glimpse (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
Gorje Hewek, Izhevski - De Erweckens Bruderschaft (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Gorje Hewek, Izhevski - Ereignies (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Gregory Allen Critchley - This Is A Beautiful Day (Thom Bold Extended Remix)
zippyshare
Guim - Deprisa Deprisa (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Guim - Deprisa Deprisa (Yenk Remix)
zippyshare
GW Harrison - My Side (Original Mix)
zippyshare
GW Harrison - When House Takes a Journey (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hans Seance - Endless Carousel (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hans Seance - Profound Notion (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Harry Romero - Sex (Extended Mix)
zippyshare
Heimat - Tribe (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hellomonkey, Hiboo - Brain Freeze (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hellomonkey, Hiboo - Brain Freeze (Raul Young Remix)
zippyshare
Hellomonkey, Hiboo - Low Rider (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Helmut Ebritsch - Dolores (Nadja Lind Club Remix)
zippyshare
Helmut Ebritsch - Dolores (Nadja Lind Lucid Moment Remix)
zippyshare
Helmut Ebritsch - Dolores (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Helmut Ebritsch - Frozen (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Helmut Ebritsch - The Maze (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Herr - Backbone (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Herr - Elder Motorway (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Herr - Generator (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hey Alan! - Jacko 3 (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hey Jack - Ladies & Gentlemen (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hey Jack - Millenium (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hey Jack - The Portail (Original Mix)
zippyshare
HOSH - Fire And Ice (Original Mix)
zippyshare
HOSH - Natalia's Lullaby (Original Mix)
zippyshare
HOSH - Standing Still Is Moving Backwards (Original Mix)
zippyshare
HOSH, GHEIST - The Watergate Affair (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hoten - Smooth (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hummingbird - Anahata (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hummingbird - Last Time (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hummingbird - Rain (Alex Castaneda Remix)
zippyshare
Hummingbird - Rain (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hush Space - Feel It (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hush Space - Funky Party People (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hush Space - I Want (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hush Space - Journey (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hush Space - Maybe (Original Mix)
zippyshare
Hush Space - Trying (Or
          gza   

AlbumArt_CABB0592-6F88-4D57-A119-EC.jpg
gza - AlbumArt_CABB0592-6F88-4D57-A119-EC.jpg


          Finanzielle Totalüberwachung auf leisen Sohlen – Nach dem Aus für das Bankgeheimnis stört nur noch das Bargeld   
Unter dem Vorwand der „Panama Papers“ hat unsere Regierung Änderungen der Abgabenordnung beschlossen, die der finanziellen Totalüberwachung aller Bürger Tür und Tor öffnen. Um diese latent totalitäre Überwachungsinfrastruktur zu vervollständigen, muss jetzt nur noch das nicht automatisiert überwachbare Bezahlen mit Bargeld auf Kleinbeträge zurückgedrängt werden… Quelle: Finanzielle Totalüberwachung auf leisen Sohlen – Nach dem Aus […]
          Pokerstars Championship Monte Carlo – Resultat & Rapporter   

I helgen avslutades Pokerstars Championship i Monte Carlo, och det blev Raffaele Sorrentino, Bryn Kenney och Adrian Mateos som tog de tyngsta skalparna. I svensklägret gick det bäst för Martin Jacobson.

Pokerstars Championship har hitintills besökt Sydamerika (Bahamas & Panama) och Asien (Macau). Nu har den första upplagan i Europa avgjorts, och klassiska Monte Carlo Casino i Monaco agerade värd för den tillställningen.

(En komplett överblick av samtliga Highroller-resultat hittar du längst ner på sidan.)

Raffaele Sorrentino vinner Main Event

Mexiko-baserade italienaren Raffaele Sorrentino vann festivalens Main Event.

Sorrentino PSC Monte Carlo
Sorrentinos bästa liveresultat hittills

Det utsatta förstapriset var satt till €500,700, men Sorrentino och hans heads-up motståndare Andreas Klatt kom överens om en deal där man lämnade €15,000 och titeln att spela om.

Dealen garanterade Sorrentino €451,774 och Klatt €402,76. Tillslut blev det Sorrentino som tog hem de sista pengarna.

Finalspelet avgjordes med en riktig cooler. Italienaren plockade upp den bästa starthanden i Texas Hold’em, och samtidigt så kollade hans motståndare ner på två damer.

Alla markerna åkte in före floppen, och efter en blank bräda kunde Sorrentino titulera sig som mästaren.

”Det är en dröm som blir till verklighet. Det kändes som att jag kunde göra det här för en vecka sedan, och desto närmare jag kom, desto mer trodde jag på det”, sa en utmattad men glad Sorrentino efter segern.

Bästa svensk i Main Event blev Martin Jacobson. Han slutade på 83:e plats för €9,540. Även Peter Eichhardt nådde pengarna. Han kom på 142:a plats för €7,580.

Resultat PSC Main Event Monte Carlo

Datum: 29 april – 5 maj
Spelare: 727
Prispott: €3,525,950

Raffaele Sorrentino (Italien) - €466,714* Andreas Klatt (Tyskland) - €402,768 Andrey Bondar (Ryssland) - €271,500 Maxim Panyak (Ryssland) - €199,900 Michael Kolkowicz (Frankrike) - €147,120 Diego Zeiter (Schweiz) - €108,300 Davidi Kitai (Belgien) - €79,750 Romain Nardin (Frankrike) - €58,740

Resultat PSC Monte Carlo Highrollers

De största utbetalningarna i Monte Carlo gick till Bryn Kenney (€1,874,500) och Vlacheslav Buldygin (€1,290,800) som kom etta och tvåa i €100k Super Highrollern.

Julian Stuer fick €1,015,000 för sin förstaplats i tredagars €25k Highrollern. I samma event kom Martin Jacobson på 19:e plats för €54,980. €50k-eventet vanns av Spaniens Adrian Mateos för €908,000.

€10,300 NLHE, 25-27 april, 110 registreringar

Ole Schemion (Tyskland) - €274,450 Murad Akhundov (Azerbajdzjan) - €188,860 Koray Aldemir (Tyskland) - €123,770

€100,000 NLHE, 27-29 april, 61 registreringar

Bryn Kenney (USA) - €1,874,500 Vlacheslav Buldygin (Ryssland) - €1,290,800 Daniel Dvoress (Kanada) - €832,800

€50,000 NLHE, 30 april, 64 registreringar

Adrian Mateos (Spanien) - €908,000 Daniel Dvoress (Kanada) - €652,700 Erik Seidel (USA) - €423,800

€10,300 PLO, 1 maj-2 maj, 60 registreringar

Imad Derwiche (Frankrike) - €174,600 Sampo Ryynanen (Finland) - €126,300 Sylvain Loosli (Frankrike) - €81,500

€25,500 NLHE, 2 maj, 85 registreringar

Philipp Gruissem (Tyskland) - €485,135 Steve O’Dwyer (USA) - €494,665 John Juanda (Indonesien) - €266,550

€25,750 NLHE, 3 maj- 5 maj, 187 registreringar

Julien Stuer (Tyskland) - €1,015,000 John Juanda (Indonesien) - €684,900 Thomas Muehloecker (Österrike) - €471,400

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nästa stopp för PSC blir Sotji, Ryssland, och Main Event startar den 25:e maj.

Fler nyheter från Pokerstars Championship hittar du här.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Kenny Smaron vinner PSC Panamas Main Event   

Pokerstars Championships Main Event i Panama har fått en vinnare, och det blev tillslut onlinegrindern Kenny Smaron som tog hem titeln efter att ha besegrat amatören Harpreet Gill Heads-up.

Pokerstars Championship i Panama har präglats av låga deltagarsiffror. I tourens Main Event kom endast 366 spelare till start. Det är Pokerstars lägsta Main Event-siffra sedan EPT Tallin 2011.

Vi fick dock se flera intressanta namn dyka upp i det lilla spelarfältet.

Under Dag 1A kom blandandra Ryan Riess, Steve O’Dwyer och Tito Ortiz till start, och inför Dag 2 tog spelare som Martin Jacobson, Bryn Kenney och Erik Seidel en sistaminuten chans.

Bland dessa gick den inbjudne MMA-fightern klart bäst, och Ortiz slutade eventuellt på 22:a plats för sin första pokercash någonsin.

Harpreet Gill PSC Panama
Gill överlevde flera flippar

Det blev tyvärr inget lyckat event ur svenskperspektiv. Martin Jacobson åkte ut redan efter 70 minuter, och totalt ställde endast 5 svenskar upp. Den enda som nådde pengarna var Karim Zerzour som slutade på 61:a plats för en mincash.

Svängig finaldag

Inför Main Events sista dag återstod sex spelare. Ryssen Denis Timofeev satt på den klart största stacken följd utav Robin Wozniczek från Tyskland.

Kenny Smaron låg i mitten medan Harpreet Gill var en av bordets shortstacks.

Gill skulle dock komma att lyckas dubbla upp flera gånger när han satt på rätt sida om slantsinglingarna, och det var tillräckligt för att nå Heads Up:en.

Där mötte han onlinespecialisten Kenny Smaron.

När duellen inleddes låg de båda motståndarna nästan lika, men Smarons erfarenhet visade sig bli avgörande. Han spelade ut Gill som uppenbarligen hade bestämt sig för att ta en aggressiv linje, och i den sista handen synade han av en optimistisk all-in från Gill.

Kenny Smaron Panama
Kenny Smaron med titeln

Från knappen limpade Gill 8 T, och Smaron höjde upp med K J. Gill tänkte ett kort tag innan han stoppade in alla sina marker.

Smaron synade, och när brädan rann ut A Q 9 9 5 så var turneringen avgjord.

Med Kung-Hög vann Smaron potten samt det utsatta förstapriset på $293,860. Harpreet Gill belönades med $217,860 för sin andraplats.

”Jag ska ta ledigt några dagar nu och fira det här ikväll, men sedan återvänder jag till onlinegrinden”, sa en glad Smaron efter segern.

Resultat Main Event Pokerstars Championship Panama

Registreringar: 366
Inköp: $5300
Prispott: 1,775,100

Kenny Smaron (USA) - $293,860 Hapreet Gill (Kanada) - $217,860 Denis Timofeev (Ryssland) - $161,340 Jonathan Abdellatif (Belgien) - $119,480 Robin Wozniczek (Tyskland) - $88,480 Anthony Diotte (Kanada) - $65,520

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Nästa stopp för touren blir i Macau mellan 30:e mars till 9:e april.

Fler nyheter från årets upplaga av Pokerstars Championship i Panama hittar du I vår sektion för liveturneringar.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Sex spelare kvar i PSC Panama Main Event   

Under helgen fortsatte Pokerstars Championship i Panama, och i Main Event återstår nu bara sex spelare.

Tyvärr finns inga svenskar kvar bland dessa då Karim Zerzour försvann på 61:a plats för $7,720. Han blev därmed den enda svensken som slutade i pengarna.

Igor Yaroshevsky dominerade turneringen de första dagarna, och man kunde nästan tro att han prenumererade på förstaplatsen. Hans fantastiska run fick dock ett slut strax innan finalbordet då hans Ess-Dam sprang in i Ess-Kung.

Även MMA-fightern Tito Ortiz har fått slänga in handuken. Han hamnade på 22:a plats för $16,080. Det var Titos första officiella pokercash någonsin.

Ryskt i Topp

Denis Timofeev Pokerstars Championship
Chipleadern Timofeev

I topp hittas istället den ryska spelaren Denis Timofeev. Han har 3.9M i stacken, vilket är dryga miljonen mer än tysken Robin Wozniczek.

Trea ligger det amerikanska proffset Kenneth Smaron följd utav belgaren Jonathan Abdellatif.

Den största överraskningen är helt klart femteplacerade Harpreet Gill. Gill är en 40-årig amatörspelare från Kanada, och han kommer att starta dagen med 735k bakom sig.

Sist ligger hans landsman Anthony Diotte. Diotte har 465k i stacken.

James Salmon och Byron Kaverman fick lämna sent under Dag 5. De fick $48,5k respektive $36k för sina insatser.

Finalbordet återupptas klockan 13:00 lokal, och spelet fortsätter sedan tills en vinnare utsetts. En förstaplats är värd nästan $300k.

Chipcount Main Event Dag 6 PSC Panama

Registreringar: 366
Inköp: $5300
Prispott: $1,775,100

Denis Timofeev (Ryssland) – 3,905,000 Robin Wozniczek (Tyskland) – 2,870,000 Kenneth Smaron (USA) – 1,855,000 Jonathan Abdellatif (Belgien) – 1,155,000 Harpreet Gill (Kanada) – 735,000 Anthony Diotte (Kanada) – 465,000

James Salmon (USA) - $48,520 Byron Kaverman (USA) - $35,920

61. Karim Zerzour (Sverige) - $7,720

------------------------------------------------------------------------

Fler nyheter från Pokerstars Championship i Panama kan du läsa i vår sektion för liveturneringar.

En fullständig sammanfattning hittar du i Pokerstars Blogg. 



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          En svensk kvar i PSC Panama, Martin Jacobson latereggar   

Dag 2 av Pokerstars Championship i Panama är nu färdigspelad, och vi börjar närma oss prispengarna.

Totalt återstår 78 spelare, och bland dem hittar vi en svensk – Karim Zerzour.

Karim avslutade Dag 1B med dryga startstacken (33,2k). Den lyckades han nästan dubbla under Dag 2. Just nu sitter han på 57k. Det placerar honom på 62:a plats i chipcounten.

De 71 bästa får betalt, så 7 spelare till kommer att få lämna Main Event tomhänta.

Tyvärr försvann både Sebastian Hinderoth och Robin Andersson under dagens spel.

Martin Jacobson gör ett kort inhopp

I Pokerstars Championship är det okej att registrera sig fram till starten av Dag 2. Det var fyra spelare som tog den chansen – och det var allt annat än några amatörer.

Spelarna var Martin Jacobson, Erik Seidel, Bryn Kenney och Ambrose Ng. Tillsammans har dem vunnit över $60 miljoner i liveturneringar.

Dessvärre gick det sämst för vår svenska världsmästare. Jacobson överlevde bara i 70 minuter innan han bustade.

Det gick dock inte så bra för de andra tre latereggarna heller. Seidel gjorde Jacobson sällskap bara ett par minuter senare, och under dagens tredje nivå försvann även Kenney och Ng.

Yaroshevsky ångar på i toppen

Det ukrainska proffset Igor Yaroshevsky fortsätter att gå som tåget.

Han avslutade Dag 1A i stor chipledning, och den utökade han ännu mer under Dag 2.

Yaroshevsky har 745,500 i stacken, vilket är 180,000 mer än tvåan Denis Timofeev.

Pokerstars Championship Igor Yaroshevsky
Yaroshevsky fortsätter springa bra

Den största överraskningen hittills är MMA-fightern Tito Ortiz. Han har lyckats hålla sig kvar på topp10, och är nu på god väg att åstadkomma sin största pokerprestation någonsin.

Vinnaren tar hem nästan $300,000.

Dagen spel drar igång klockan 12:00 lokal tid. På grund av det låga antalet deltagare har turneringsledaren beslutat att plocka bort den sista blindnivån från både Dag 2 och 3.

Såhär ser toppen ut inför Dag 3:

Chipcount Dag 3 PSC Panama Main Event

Registreringar: 366
Inköp: $5300
Prispott: $1,830,000

Igor Yaroshevsky (Ukraina) – 745,500 Denis Timofeev (Ryssland) – 569,000 Caufman Talley (USA) – 546,000 Tito Ortiz (USA) – 270,500 Vincent Allevato (Kanada) – 256,500 Pablo Gordillo (Spanien) – 254,500 Pedro Romanzo Pollino (Venezuela) – 244,000 Eduards Kudrjavcevs (Lettland) – 237,000 Jessica Perez Borrego (Panama) – 235,500 Kenneth Smaron (USA) – 234,500

62. Karim Zerzour (Sverige) – 57,000

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Fler nyheter från Pokerstars Championship kan du läsa i vår sektion för liveturneringar



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Lågt intresse för Pokerstars Championship i Panama   

Dag 1B av Main Event i Pokerstars Championship i Panama spelades igår kväll på Sortis Hotel, Spa & Casino, och det blev lite av ett fiasko för arrangörerna.

Endast 259 spelare registrerade sig för den andra startdagen, och lägger man ihop det med siffrorna från Dag 1A uppgår totalen till 362 spelare.

Jämför man det med den skrotade EPT-touren så får man gå tillbaka till Tallin 2011 för att hitta ett lika lågt intresse.

De svenska pokerspelarna verkar inte heller ha varit överdrivet taggade på den långa resan över till Centralamerika.

Till Dag 1B ställde bara en upp, och det var Karim Zerzour. Precis som Sebastian Hinderoth och Robin Andersson kvalificerade han sig också via Pokerstars onlinesatelliter.

Zerzour kommer att göra sina två landsmän sällskap till Dag 2 då han lyckades överleva dagen. Där går han in med 32.6k bakom sig, vilket är marginellt mer än startstacken om 30k.

Yaroshevsky fortsatt i topp

Bäst för dagen gick Jiachen Gong från Kanada. Han avslutade med 154,300 i stacken.

Igor Yaroshevsky Pokerstars Championship
Igor Yaroshevsky har all anledning att vara glad

Några andra nämnvärda spelare som valde Dag 1B var den norska mästaren Preben Stokkan (60,4k), Jake Cody (36,1k) och Jaime Staples (4,7k).

De ligger dock i lä mot Igor Yaroshevsky från Dag 1A som tar med sig 219,600.

I fältet skådades även Lucas Gonzales som spelar Rugby för det argentinska landslaget, men hans resa kunde inte ha varit mer annorlunda än MMA-fightern Tito Ortiz.

Gonzales försvann redan innan middagspausen, medan Ortiz ligger tvåa i den totala chipcounten.

Inför Dag 2 återsamlas 171 spelare, och spelet startar klockan 12:00 lokal tid.

Såhär ser toppen ut:

Chipcount Dag 2 PSC Panama Main Event

Registreringar: 362
Inköp: $5300

Igor Yaroshevsky (Ukraina) – 219,600 Tito Ortiz (USA) – 182,000 Jason Koon (USA) – 175,500 Jiachen Gong (Kanada) – 154,300 Caufman Talley (USA) – 150,300 Martin Kus (Kanada) – 146,800 Kamal Abdel Bittar (Paraguay) – 146,700 Luke Graham (USA) – 140,300 Vincente Delgado (Spanien) – 138,000 Pablo Fernandez (Spanien) – 133,700

75. Sebastian Hinderoth (Sverige) – 61,200
125. Karim Zerzour (Sverige) – 32,600
143. Robin Andersson (Sverige) – 24,500

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Fler nyheter från Pokerstars Championship i Panama går att läsa i vår sektion för liveturneringar.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          PSC Panama – 2 svenskar vidare i Main Event, MMA-mästare Tvåa   

Dag 1A av Main Event i Pokerstars Championship Panama startade med 103 spelare, och bland höjdpunkterna fick vi se snöpliga bets och två svenskar som tog sig vidare.

De överlevande är Sebastian Hinderoth och Robin Andersson som båda lyckats kvala in via Pokerstars.

Bäst har det gått för Hinderoth. Han parkerar på 22:a plats i chipcounten med 61,200 marker i stacken.

Andersson ligger på 34:e plats med 24,500 bakom sig.

Leder gör Igor Yaroshevskyy från Ukraina. Han har samlat på sig 219,400 marker. Han följs utav MMA-mästaren Tito Ortiz som har 182,000.

Steve ODwyer Pokerstars Championship
O'Dwyer - 4a i Super High Rollern, i topp inför Dag 2

På topp10 återfinns också Jason Koon, Steve O’Dwyer och David Peters - 2016 års bästa pokerspelare enligt Global Poker Index världsranking.

Andra noterbara namn som är med inför Dag 2 är forna världsmästaren Ryan Riess, Byron Kaverman, Anthony Zinno samt Davidi Kitai.

Totalt har 43 spelare tagit sig vidare. Den siffran lär öka signifikativt ikväll.

Marios misslyckade bets

Om du följer Dart så har du förmodligen hört talas om Phil Taylor. När han kvalificerade sig för världsmästerskapen 1990 så tog han sina besparingar och bettade på sig själv till 125 gånger pengarna.

Han vann eventet, och resten är historia. Idag är Taylor en 16-faldig världsmästare.

Kanske blev Massimo de Mario inspirerad av Taylor då han försökte med något liknande i PSC Main Event. Mario är en tysk pokerspelare med rötter från Italien. Han är 20 år och hans framgångar vid livepokerborden har varit relativt låga sett till prispengar.

Pokerstars Championship Panama bet Taylor
Alla är inte som Phil Taylor

Hans två cashar kommer från PSC Bahamas i januari där han slutade på 22:a plats och från WSOPC Oktoberfest där han kom 10:a.

Det var tillräckligt med anledningar för att han skulle betta på sig själv att vinna till 500 gånger pengarna. Han la även in ytterligare ett bet på att han skulle placera sig bland de 10 bästa för 34 gånger pengarna.

Nu var det visserligen inga livsbesparingar som han satsade, utan oskyldiga $50 per bet. Spänningen dog dock nästan omedelbart. Han bustade redan under den fjärde mörkernivån mot Davidi Kitai.

Alla kan inte göra som Phil Taylor.

Chipcount Dag 1A PSC Panama Main Event

Registreringar: 103
Inköp: $5300

Igor Yaroshevskyy (Ukraina) – 219,600 Tito Ortiz (USA) – 182,000 Jason Koon (USA) – 175,500 Martin Kus (Kanada) – 146,800 Luke Graham (USA) – 140,300 Vincente Delgado (Spanien) – 138,000 Marcelo Filartiga Villalba (Paraguay) – 127,600 Steve O’Dwyer (Irland) – 117,000 David Peters (USA) – 116,100 Lokesh Garg (USA) – 108,900

22. Sebastian Hinderoth (Sverige) – 61,200
34. Robin Andersson (Sverige) – 24,500

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dag 1B startar idag klockan 11:00 lokal tid.

Fler nyheter från Pokerstars Championship i Panama kan du läsa i vår liveturneringssektion.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Ben Tollerene kör över PS Championships Super High Roller   

Ben Tollerene stod för en enastående insats i nattens $50k Super High Roller när han bustade hela finalbordet på egen hand.

Pokerstars Championship i Panama kickade igång i helgen, och det första stora nyckeleventet har redan fått en vinnare.

Det blev tillslut onlineikonen Ben ”Ben86” Tollerene som tog hem titeln efter en imponerande finalbordsprestation.

På under 4,5 timma slog han ut alla 5 motståndare helt själv för ett förstapris på $538,715.

”Jag kunde inte ha önskat mig något mer”, sa Tollerene när allt var klart.

”Jag tror jag slog ut varenda spelare. Jag fick riktigt bra kort och hamnade i många turliga situationer. Vid ett tillfälle satt de andra på typ 15 mörkar var medan jag hade 100. Det tillät mig att spela grymt löst och tvinga fram action.”

Övertaget eskalerar

Under eventet användes en 30 sekunders shotklocka, och kanske gynnade det Tollerene som är van vid det höga onlinetempot.

Pokerstars Championship Daniel Dvoress
I heads-up, men aldrig nära...

När finalbordet startade satt han redan i en komfortabel chipledning, och han inledde med att slå ut bordets shortstack Timothy Adams.

Han följde sedan upp det med att busta Orpen Kisacikoglu på fjärdeplats. Vid det tillfället hade han två tredjedelar av bordets marker.

Stewe O’Dwyer var nästa man på tur för Tollerenes hänsynslösa aggressivitet, och kort där efteråt gjorde Justin Bonomo honom sällskap på railen.

I heads-up spelet mötte han därför kanadensaren Daniel Dvoress.

Tollerene startade den duellen med 10 gånger så mycket marker som Dvoress.

Dvoress lyckades visserligen dubbla upp tidigt, men han var aldrig nära. I den avgörande handen fick han in stacken som favorit med Ess-Nio. Tollerene hittade dock en kung på river med sin Kung-Femma för att avgöra det hela.

Totalt registrerade sig 33 spelare för eventet. Det skapade en samlad prispott om $1,584,495. Inga svenskar deltog.

Nedan följer en komplett överblick av utbetalningarna.

Resultat Pokerstars Championship Panama $50k Super High Roller

Datum: 11:e – 13:e mars 2017
Registreringar: 33 (27 + 6 återinköp)
Prispott: 1,584,495

Ben Tollerene (USA) - $538,715 Daniel Dvoress (Kanada) - $372,360 Justin Bonomo (USA) - $237,680 Steve O’Dwyer (Irland) - $182,220 Orpen Kisacikoglu (Turkiet) - $142,600 Timothy Adams (Kanada) - $110,920

----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Fler nyheter från Pokerstars Championship går att läsa i vår livepoker-sektion.

En fullständig sammanfattning av $50k Super High Rollern hittar du i Pokerstars Blogg.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Более 1 500 судов класса Neopanamax прошли через Панамский канал за год после расширения   
Тоннаж судов, проходящих через канал, увеличился за год на 22,2%.
          Christian Harder vinner PSC Bahamas för $430k   

Den första upplagan av Pokerstars Championship har gått till historieböckerna, och precis som i sidoeventen var det amerikanarna som ryckte åt sig topplaceringarna.

När stridsröken lagt sig stod 29-åriga Christian Harder som segrare efter att ha slagit novembernian Cliff Josephy heads-up.

Harder är ett 29-årigt proffs från Annapolis, Maryland, och han har spelat på heltid sedan 9 år tillbaka. I karriären har han vunnit över $7M, men det här var hans första seger i ett av de större eventen.

”Det känns fantastiskt, jag har rest till varje destination på hela touren och aldrig vunnit något av de större eventen.” Säger Harder, han tillägger ”Det var här allt började 2008, så att få vinna en titel här känns grymt kul.”

För att vinna PSC Bahamas var Harder tvungen att ta sig igenom ett stjärntätt fält på 738 spelare. Hans insats belönades med $429,664.

Ridå för Gentili

Michael Gentili från Kanada gick in som chipleader när finalbordet drog igång. Strax bakom låg just Harder. De båda spelarna hade skaffat sig ett stabilt försprång mot övriga fältet.

Michael Gentili Pokerstars Championship
Besviken Gentili får lämna turneringen

Det blev dock ingen lyckad finaldag för Gentili, och han försvann som andra spelare på en femteplats.

Aleksei Opalikhin från Ryssland gjorde honom sällskap efter ha förlorat majoriteten av stacken mot Josephy innan Michael Vela tog hans sista marker med pocketkungar.

Trots elimineringen fick Vela ändå röra sig mot railen på en tredjeplats då Josephy rivrat en färg mot hans floppade par i sexor.

Inför heads-up:en var stackarna nästan identiska, med en marginell ledning för Harder. De kom därför överens om en deal som gav Harder $419k och Josephy $403k. Man lämnade $10k och titeln att spela om.

Duellen varade i drygt 30 minuter innan Harder kunde säkra segern då hans A J stod mot Josephys A 8.

Bästa svensk blev Mattias Priolo som slutade på 77:e plats för $9,120.

Resultat finalbordet PSC Bahamas Main Event

Datum: 8:e – 14:e januari 2017
Registreringar: 738
Inköp: $5,000
Prispott: $3,376,712

Christian Harder (USA) - $429,664 Cliff Josephy (USA) - $403,448 Michael Vela (USA) - $259,980 Aleksei Opalikhin (Ryssland) - $191,420 Michael Gentili (Kanada) - $140,940 Rasmus Glaesel (Norge) - $103,780

---------------------------------------------------------------------------

Näst på tur för Pokerstars Championship står Panama och Macau. Fler nyheter från den första upplagan av PSC Bahamas går att läsa här.

En fullständig sammanfattning hittar du hos Pokerstars.



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Skrotad EPT – Historiskt fiasko eller genial strategi?    

Tidigare i år stod det klart att Pokerstars skrotar den mest anrika pokertouren utanför WSOP.

Från och med 2017 kommer vi alltså inte att få se någon mer EPT, LAPT eller APPT.

Istället väljer man att lansera två nya globala pokertourer för mid och highstakes-spelare.

Den före detta Pokerstarsmedlemmen Pierre Neuville har årtionden av erfarenhet från marknadsföringsbranschen, men även han har svårt att förstå motiven bakom pokerjättens beslut.

Pierre Neuville: ”Först och främst vill jag poängtera hur tråkigt det är att David Baazov tvingades lämna företaget temporärt. Jag var en väldigt god vän med David förut, och han frågade mig om råd innan han köpte Pokerstars.

Det togs inte emot så bra utav vissa personer, vilket ledde till att jag stängde mitt konto där.

Pierre Neuville
Neuville - en i raden som inte förstår Stars motiv

För tillfället har jag ingen kontakt med David, och jag förstår inte deras aktuella policy. Just nu ser det ut som att Pokerstars Live och Online är två helt skilda företag.

Förut var det tänkt att EPT:n skulle fungera som ett stöd till deras onlineaffärer, men nu verkar Pokerstars Live jobba mot sina egna mål.

För mig personligen som lärt ut marknadsföring under flera år är det oerhört förvånande att Pokerstars väljer att lägga ner ett så starkt varumärke. Min första tanke är att det är ett stort misstag.

Missförstå mig inte nu, jag vet inte vad strategin är. Jag vet inte vem som tar besluten och vilket koncept de följer.

Om Pokerstars strategi är att ta död på ett varumärke för att etablera en världstour så kanske det ändå finns en genial idé bakom det hela. Men ser man på det från utsidan kan det också bli ett historiskt fiasko.

Jag ser dock ingen strategi alls. De ställer in populära event som folk gillar att spela och åker till Panama, Panama!

Jag tror det kommer bli en katastrof, för det finns så många anledningar att inte åka till Panama. Skatteläget är osäkert, det är en lång resa till ett kort event och det lokala pokercommunityt har inte visat något intresse.

De dödar EPT:n, och de ersätter den med något som inte alls är på samma nivå.

Pierre Neuville
Idag håller han sig till livepoker

Det är många som vet om att jag investerade så mycket jag kunde när David Baazov köpte företaget. Vid den tidpunkten var jag förmodligen en av de viktigaste delägarna i Centraleuropa. Jag var övertygad om att jag skulle vara till stor hjälp för företaget eftersom jag hade kontakt med profiler på båda sidorna av Atlanten. Jag hade ett gott rykte och jag var en av de mest kända spelarna online.

Jag trodde att jag kunde vara väldigt värdefull som spelare och att jag kunde ge en hel del viktig input från en rådgivande nivå. Det kändes som att jag var tillbaka med Pokerstars igen.

Jag har dock fått ta emot en rätt så negativ respons, och det kom från personer jag inte ens kände, så för mig är det över, åtminstone tillsvidare.

Jag har slutat spela online. Jag fokuserar på att leva hälsosamt och jag spelar bara livepoker när jag känner för det. Jag njuter av livet.”

Ny säsong startar i januari

European Poker Tour går i graven med EPT Prag nästa månad, och deras nya Pokerstars Championship startar med event i Bahamas i januari.

Det följs upp utav turneringar i Panama, Macau, Monte Carlo och Barcelona. Då får vi de första svaren på några av alla frågetecken. 



Besök www.pokerlistings.se


          Jerusalém por entre o acenar de Ramos de Palmeira e Oliveira.   
Esta celebração tem, por assim dizer, duplo sabor: doce e amargo. É jubilosa e dolorosa, pois nela celebramos o Senhor que entra em Jerusalém, aclamado pelos seus discípulos como rei; ao mesmo tempo, porém, proclama-se solenemente a narração evangélica da sua Paixão. Por isso o nosso coração experimenta o contraste pungente e prova, embora numa medida mínima, aquilo que deve ter sentido Jesus em seu coração naquele dia, quando rejubilou com os seus amigos e chorou sobre Jerusalém.

Desde há trinta e dois anos que a dimensão jubilosa deste domingo tem sido enriquecida com a festa dos jovens: a Jornada Mundial da Juventude, que, este ano, se celebra a nível diocesano, mas daqui a pouco viverá, nesta Praça, um momento sempre emocionante, de horizontes abertos, com a passagem da Cruz dos jovens de Cracóvia para os do Panamá.

O Evangelho, proclamado antes da procissão (cf. Mt 21, 1-11), apresenta Jesus que desce do Monte das Oliveiras montado num jumentinho, sobre o qual ainda ninguém se sentara; evidencia o entusiasmo dos discípulos, que acompanham o Mestre com aclamações festivas; e pode-se, verosimilmente, imaginar que isso contagiou os adolescentes e os jovens da cidade, que se juntaram ao cortejo com os seus gritos. O próprio Jesus reconhece neste jubiloso acolhimento uma força irreprimível querida por Deus, respondendo assim aos fariseus escandalizados: «Digo-vos que, se eles se calarem, gritarão as pedras» (Lc 19, 40).

Mas este Jesus, cuja entrada na Cidade Santa estava prevista precisamente assim nas Escrituras, não é um iludido que apregoa ilusões, um profeta «new age», um vendedor de fumaça. Longe disso! É um Messias bem definido, com a fisionomia concreta do servo, o servo de Deus e do homem que caminha para a paixão; é o grande Padecente da dor humana.

Assim, enquanto festejamos o nosso Rei, pensemos nos sofrimentos que Ele deverá padecer nesta Semana. Pensemos nas calúnias, nos ultrajes, nas ciladas, nas traições, no abandono, no julgamento iníquo, nas bastonadas, na flagelação, na coroa de espinhos... e, por fim, no caminho da cruz até à crucifixão.

Tinha-o dito claramente aos seus discípulos: «Se alguém quer vir comigo, renuncie a si mesmo, tome a sua cruz e siga-Me» (Mt 16, 24). Nunca prometeu honras nem sucessos. Os Evangelhos são claros. Sempre avisou os seus amigos de que a sua estrada era aquela: a vitória final passaria através da paixão e da cruz. E, para nós, vale o mesmo. Para seguir fielmente a Jesus, peçamos a graça de o fazer não por palavras mas com as obras, e ter a paciência de suportar a nossa cruz: não a recusar nem jogar fora, mas, com os olhos fixos n’Ele, aceitá-la e carregá-la dia após dia.

E este Jesus, que aceita ser aclamado, mesmo sabendo que O espera o «crucifica-o!», não nos pede para O contemplarmos apenas nos quadros, nas fotografias, ou nos vídeos que circulam na rede. Não. Está presente em muitos dos nossos irmãos e irmãs que hoje, sim hoje, padecem tribulações como Ele: sofrem com um trabalho de escravos, sofrem com os dramas familiares, as doenças... Sofrem por causa das guerras e do terrorismo, por causa dos interesses que se movem por detrás das armas que não cessam de matar. Homens e mulheres enganados, violados na sua dignidade, descartados.... Jesus está neles, em cada um deles, e com aquele rosto desfigurado, com aquela voz rouca, pede para ser enxergado, reconhecido, amado.

Não há outro Jesus: é o mesmo que entrou em Jerusalém por entre o acenar de ramos de palmeira e oliveira. É o mesmo que foi pregado na cruz e morreu entre dois malfeitores. Não temos outro Senhor para além d’Ele: Jesus, humilde Rei de justiça, misericórdia e paz.

Fonte: vatican.va

"Deus vos abençoe!!!"
Fundador Gleydson do Blog Verbo Pai

          LOS PUJOL, LAS CLOACAS, Y LA OPERACIÓN CATALUÑA.   
Rafael del Barco Carreras

Barcelona 30-6-2017. Los Pujol que iniciaron el mes de junio con JOSEP PUJOL en jet privado y navegando en superyate de 40 metros por FORMENTERA con los del BANCO DE SABADELL, a suponer dialogando sobre finanzas y blanqueo, acaban junio con la declaración de renta de MARTA FERRUSOLA con 'a devolver'. Y a medio mes JOSEP visita a su hermano en SOTO DEL REAL, y a OLEGUER le dan cancha en los medios subvencionados para que se explaye en la defensa propia y paterna pero sin explicar de dónde salen los 3.000 millones de euros del Santander, Bankia y varios inmuebles.

Un mes intenso para el Juez De la Mata agobiado por toda clase de falsedades y fantasías de unos y otros, pero que si en principio diera palos de ciego, ahora acierta por ejemplo citando a SÁNCHEZ CARRETÉ, que le dirá como a mí en la antesala del juicio por el Caso Hacienda de Barcelona, 2009-2010, que PUJOL era muy minucioso y perfeccionista en la DECLARACIÓN DE RENTA. Un asesor fiscal condenado dos veces, y al que le concedieron un indulto parcial para que no entrara a prisión.

Un mes que los PUJOL se revuelven y confunden con la fantástica OPERACIÓN CATALUÑA, creación del subvencionado profesionalismo independentista en que PRUEBAN los ataques al PROCÉS con declaraciones de individuos de uno y otro bando más propios de la estafa, el chalaneo, la mamandurria, o arquetipos de la VIL ESPAÑA Y CATALUÑA. Las cloacas madrileñas y catalanas a revosar de periodistas, políticos, banqueros, y vividores. Pero la verdad continúa en los Papeles de Andorra y Panamá.

Y un mes en que se descubre la punta del gran iceberg: EL MERCADO INMOBILIARIO DE BARCELONA, que más que un 'mercado' parece un 'mercadillo' a lo bestia, donde su confunden toda clase de estafadores y sinvergüenzas, y con Colau complicando en lugar de clarificar. El mundo OKUPA y los DESAHUCIOS, que le convirtieron en alcaldesa, muestra muchas más facetas y aristas que las que con tanto acierto ella DENUNCIABA.  


Noticias destacadas

LA VANGUARDIA

Plantón general a la comisión Operación Catalunya
La Vanguardia · 
A dos velas. Así se han quedado los portavoces de la comisión de Investigación sobre la Operación Catalunya del Parlament. Este martes estaban convocadas cinco comparecencias de las que no ha asistido ni una.
De los cinco, sólo cuatro de los comparencientes han manifestado su inasistencia: el jefe de gabinete de Mariano Rajoy, Jorge Moragas; el exembajador español en Andorra, Manuel Montobbio; y los policías Manuel Vázquez y Enrique García. Sólo José Luis Olivera, exjefe de la Unidad de Delincuencia Económica y Fiscal (UDEF) y director del Centro de Inteligencia contra el Terrorismo y el Crimen Organizado (CITCO), no ha avisado a la cámara catalana de su inasistencia.

EN GOOGLE

Noticias destacadas

La sociedad civil
cerca a
Puigdemont para
que anule el referéndum
Economía Digital ·
 Y MÁS EN EL EX OASIS CATALÁN

 CRÓNICA GLOBAL

Ada Colau tapa con Airbnb sus dos grandes déficits: vivienda y metro

Ignasi Jorro / Núria Vázquez

La alcaldesa de Barcelona y su equipo alimentan la guerra con la multinacional para ocultar el alza de los pisos y las huelgas del suburbano

Política María Jesús Cañizares

Mas presiona para reeditar la lista conjunta en plena crisis con ERC

La vieja guardia convergente se encomienda a la ANC a espaldas del PDeCAT, que descarta una nueva coalición, para sobrevivir electoralmente tras un referéndum en la cuerda floja

Política María Jesús Cañizares

Los alcaldes independentistas prometen desobediencia el 1-O

Preparan un acto en el que publicarán la declaración en la que se ponen al servicio del referéndum 

Política María Jesús Cañizares

El Govern escurre el bulto en la independencia fiscal

El Ejecutivo catalán endosa al Parlament la creación de la Hacienda autonómica para eludir el control

 EL TRIANGLE

Los centros de menores tutelados de la DGAIA, de nuevo, bajo sospecha 

Sitges se convierte en el refugio dorado para una banda sueca de narcos   

Mauricio Casals, imputado en el escándalo de Pérez Dolset 

JxSí y la CUP condicionan las subvenciones a la campaña del referéndum 

Los Pujol se defenderán publicando dos libros en una editorial 'amiga', revela 'El País' 
La familia Pujol Ferrusola extenderá su línea de defensa pública más allá de las puntuales entrevistas concedidas recientemente por Josep y Oleguer Pujol Ferrusola. En una de ellas, en RAC1, Oleguer dijo que a su padre, el ex-presidente Jordi Pujol, "le apetecería explicarse, pero ya no le toca hablar, tiene 87 años. Por eso yo y mi hermano hemos querido salir a explicarnos".

De aquí a un tiempo, según revela El País, se publicarán dos libros sobre la familia del ex-presidente de la Generalitat, uno de los cuales será una biografía sobre su padre, Florenci Pujol i Brugat, cuyo supuesto legado constituye la columna vertebral de la defensa del clan en los juzgados.

Marta Ferrusola, según esta información, pretende limpiar la imagen de la familia y ha hecho el encargo a un editor amigo de su hijo mayor, Bernardo Domínguez, el dueño de Malpaso. La otra obra se centrará en las historias de personas que se dedicaron al cambio de divisas, como el abuelo Florenci, explica el mismo diario citando varias fuentes.

 E-NOTICIES
La CUP amenaza con "reventar la legislatura" POLÍTICA

La CUP amenaza con "reventar la legislatura"


DOLÇA CATALUNYA

EN TV3 A LAS 8 h.


 EL PARLAMENT ANULA LOS JUICIOS FRANQUISTAS

 HUELGA DEL METRO PARA LA DIADA

EL REY EVITA HACER REFERENCIAS POLÍTICAS

PROTESTA DE LA CUP POR LA VISITA DEL REY A GIRONA



 
 TV3 INSISTE CON ADHESIONES EN ALEMANIA

La Gran Corrupción: MERKEL Y CATALUÑA

lagrancorrupcion.blogspot.com/2014/07/merkel-y-cataluna.html
19 jul. 2014 - Barcelona 19-07-2014. Los alemanes, sus políticos, intelectuales y empresarios, conocen la actual Cataluña a la perfección. La mayoría, o ...

La Gran Corrupción: MERKEL, GRECIA, O ESPAÑA Y CATALUÑA... Y ...

lagrancorrupcion.blogspot.com/2015/01/merkel-grecia-o-espana-y-cataluna.html
5 ene. 2015 - Me decía esta noche que las declaraciones de Merkel sobre Grecia, reproducidas en toda la Prensa nacional, tenían doble lectura. Para evitar ...

          Duncan, Espaillat Introduce Iran-Hizballah Bill   

Washington, D.C. – Congressman Jeff Duncan (SC-03), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee’s Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere, and Representative Adriano Espaillat (NY-13) introduced H.R. 3118, the “Iran and Hizballah Western Hemisphere Prevention Act of 2017” to prevent further access of Iran and Hizballah into the Latin America and Caribbean region and disrupt and degrade Hizballah’s illicit networks operating in the region.

Chairman Jeff Duncan – “Threats from Iran and Hizballah in the Western Hemisphere are well-known. Just this Monday, an individual with alleged links to Hizballah was indicted in Miami for drug trafficking after being extradited to the U.S. by Paraguay. Earlier this month, two individuals were arrested for attempting to provide support to Hizballah in Panama, targeting U.S. and Israeli embassies. This follows the foiled plot in Peru by a Hizballah operative in 2014, the attempted assassination of the Saudi Ambassador linked to Iran in 2011, the foiled Iranian plot to blow up JFK airport in 2007, and the horrific terrorist attacks in Argentina in the 1990s.”

“Congress has focused extensively on this issue with several hearings, visits to the region, and legislation. This oversight work led me to realize that the U.S. needs a clearer vision to address Iran and Hizballah’s activities in the Western Hemisphere. This bill calls for a strategy to more closely align various U.S. government actions on these issues, develop a counter-network disruption campaign, and review relevant sanctions related to Hizballah to assess their use and effectiveness. It will also prioritize engagement with countries in the region to develop counter-organized crime legislation, work towards declaring Hizballah a terrorist organization, and address Hizballah’s illicit networks in the region.”

Congressman Adriano Espaillat (NY-13) – “Hizballah is one of the most deadly terrorist organizations in the world and we have witnessed its devastation throughout the Middle East. There are growing threats by Iranian and Hizballah organizations against U.S. national interests in Latin America and throughout the Caribbean, and the Iran and Hizballah Western Hemisphere Prevention Act would allow us to prioritize our bilateral diplomatic response and engagement with regional allies in a comprehensive effort to build our capacity to monitor and prevent hostile activities and security threats by terrorist organizations, such as Hizballah, throughout the Western Hemisphere.”  

*Original Cosponsors include Representatives Michael McCaul (TX-10), Dan Donovan (NY-11), Ron DeSantis (FL-06), Norma Torres (CA-35), Tom Suozzi (NY-03), Brad Schneider (IL-10), Ted Yoho (FL-03), Christopher Smith (NJ-04), and Ted Lieu (CA-33)

*A Section-by-Section can be found HERE.

###


          Comentario en Guía de viaje: Panamá por Sinmapa   
Muchas gracias, Antonio!
          Comentario en Guía de viaje: Panamá por Antonio   
Muy completo, gracias!
          World: Global Weather Hazards Summary, June 30 - July 6, 2017   
Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
Country: Belize, Benin, Burkina Faso, Costa Rica, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Panama, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, Uganda, World

Heavy rainfall continues over Central America

Africa Weather Hazards

  1. Below-average rainfall since mid-May has led to abnormal dryness across eastern Uganda and southwestern Kenya. Moisture deficits are likely to negatively impact cropping and Pastoral activities.

          Ron Carter & Richard Galliano - Panamanhattan   
 Album type: Live
 Album language: English
 Released: 1991 year
 Tracks: 9
 Price: $1.08
 Total size: 116.43 Mb
 Bitrate: Constant, 256/320 kbps!
 Genres: 'Jazz', 'Tango'
 Artist: Ron Carter & Richard Galliano

          Upcoming Gold Cup to have decidedly MLS feel on rosters   

The upcoming CONCACAF Gold Cup will have a decidedly MLS feel.

Such is the case when the tournament falls in a year with World Cup qualifying the priority for many of the teams in the region and some of the bigger names make way for younger players looking for an opportunity on the international stage.

Forty-eight MLS players were on the final 23-man rosters announced Thursday for the tournament that begins next week. The United States leads the way with sixteen from MLS. That includes the likes of Seattle's Cristian Roldan, Sporting Kansas City's Dom Dwyer and New England's Kelyn Rowe, all of whom could make their national team debuts during the tournament.

The decision to go with a heavy MLS-based roster was by design for U.S. coach Bruce Arena. The notable newcomers are joined by a handful of national team veterans, including Graham Zusi, Brad Guzan, Matt Besler and Alejandro Bedoya.

It's also a chance for those whose opportunities with the U.S. in the past year have been limited — Gyasi Zardes, Dax McCarty, Jordan Morris, to name a few — to flash in a more prominent role.

The U.S. opens the group stage of the Gold Cup against Panama on July 8 in Nashville.

"We have a large number of domestic players because our European-based players need a break. They had long seasons plus the June World Cup qualifiers, so they needed a break and then they need to start their preseasons in July."

Dallas goalkeeper Jesse Gonzalez was on the preliminary 40-man roster for the U.S. and his request for change in association was approved by FIFA on Thursday. Gonzalez had represented Mexico at the U-20 level.

Canada's roster includes nine MLS players, headlined by 16-year-old Vancouver product Alphonso Davies, who could become the youngest Canadian to play in a Gold Cup match. Jamaica features seven MLS players and Costa Rica has six.

___

THE OTHER CUP: The quarterfinals for the U.S. Open Cup will include one of the best stories in American soccer.

USL club FC Cincinnati continued its impressive run in the tournament by knocking off Chicago on penalty kicks in the round of 16 before a crowd of more than 32,000. Goalkeeper Mitch Hildebrandt made three saves in the penalty shootout to send Cincinnati to the final eight against fellow USL side Miami FC. Cincinnati beat Columbus in the round of 32 before knocking out the Fire.

After failing to have a lower division squad reach the quarterfinals in 2016, the tournament is assured of having at least one lower division team reach the semifinal round.

In other action, FC Dallas beat Colorado 3-1 and advanced to face Sporting Kansas City after its 2-0 win over Houston. New York Red Bulls ousted Philadelphia on penalty kicks and will face New England after its 2-1 win over D.C. United. And San Jose ousted Seattle 2-1 and will face Los Angeles in the quarterfinals.

The quarterfinals of the U.S. Open Cup are scheduled for the second week of July.

In another non-MLS competition, Toronto beat Montreal 3-2 on aggregate in the Canadian Championship thanks to Sebastian Giovinco's goal in the closing seconds of the match.

___

ROAD RIVALS: Last week's handful of rivalry showdowns went in the favor of the road teams.

The one victory by a road team went to New York City FC and its impressive 2-0 victory over the New York Red Bulls. NYCFC got goals from Jack Harrison and Ben Sweat to earn the club's first points ever against their Hudson River rivals at Red Bull Arena.

The two draws for road teams came in decidedly different ways. FC Dallas got a goal early in the second half from Maxi Urruti for a 1-1 draw in the Texas Derby with Houston. Seattle's 2-2 draw at Portland in a Cascadia showdown was even more dramatic thanks to Clint Dempsey's header in second-half stoppage time to pull the 10-man Sounders even. The draw dropped Portland to 2-3-5 in its past 10 MLS matches after starting the season with five wins out of the first eight.

There is one more rivalry showdown this week: the California Classico where more than 50,000 are expected for San Jose's match against Los Angeles at Stanford Stadium.

___

CLEARED TO RETURN: Orlando City star Cyle Larin has been cleared to rejoin his club following his arrest for drunken driving. Larin was given an assessment by the league's Substance Abuse and Behavior Program doctors and deemed eligible to resume team activities while continuing to participate in the program locally.

Larin was arrested on June 15 after driving the wrong way on an Orlando street. He was entered into the league's Substance Abuse and Behavioral Health program and was ineligible to play for Orlando City until this week.

___

PLAYER OF THE WEEK: Chicago forward David Accam was voted the league's player of the week after scoring a hat trick in the Fire's 4-0 win over Orlando. Accam also assisted on Chicago's other goal as the Fire are unbeaten in nine straight league matches.

Author(s): 

Articles

Blog Posts

3c19526898ef4f1380704d24dcd028ee.jpg

Toronto FC midfielder Michael Bradley (4) holds up the trophy as the team celebrates a win over the Montreal Impact in the Canadian championship soccer final, Tuesday, June 27, 2017, in Toronto. (Nathan Denette/The Canadian Press via AP)

d9a130aa2d7f4be8b54a054957f9edbd.jpg

Toronto FC forward Sebastian Giovinco (10) celebrates his goal against the Montreal Impact during the second half of the second leg of the Canadian championship soccer final, Tuesday, June 27, 2017, in Toronto. (Nathan Denette/The Canadian Press via AP)

0c2b4286c4d44d29ab2c72cce8643bf2.jpg

FC Dallas midfielder Ryan Hollingshead, right, challenges Colorado Rapids defender Dennis Castillo during the first half of an MLS soccer game, Tuesday, June 27, 2017 at Toyota Stadium in Frisco, Texas. (Ashley Landis/The Dallas Morning News via AP)
Source: 
AP

          La formalisation de la propriété dans les bidonvilles au Panama - conférence de Jorge Esquirol   
none
          Copa Airlines anuncia su nueva ruta Mendoza – Panamá   
A partir del 16 de noviembre, Copa Airlines iniciará vuelos con 4 frecuencias semanales. De esta manera, Mendoza será el cuarto destino de Copa Airlines en la Argentina.
          Algeria leader drops Panama Papers libel suit vs Le Monde   

Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika today dropped a libel suit against Le Monde after the influential French daily apologised for running a photo linking him to the Panama Papers financial scandal. Basile Ader, a lawyer for the ailing 80-year-old president, told a Paris court Bouteflika's "magnanimous" decision came after a recent apology from the paper.


          Profiling The 13 Army Generals Standing Trial For N102b FRAUD Under Buhari   
By New Telegraph

The 13 Army Generals On Trial For N102b FRAUD Under Buhari
About 13 former service chiefs and senior military officers are presently facing corruption charges to the tune of N102 billion before various courts in Abuja and Lagos.

Already, one of the former service chiefs has forfeited N1.82 billion to the Federal Government.

Top among the Generals being prosecuted by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) for alleged corruption are the former National Security Adviser (NSA), Col. Sambo Dasuki (rtd); ex-Chief of Defence Staff, Air Chief Marshal Alex Badeh; ex-Chiefs of Naval Staff, Vice Admiral Usman Jibrin and Admiral Dele Ezeoba; former Chiefs of Air Staff, Air Marshal Dikko Umar and Air Marshal Adesola Amosu.




Others on trial are the Chief of Administration, AVM A.M Mamu; a former Director of Procurement, Defence Headquarters, AVM O.T Oguntoyinbo; Air Officer Tactical Command, Makurdi, AVM R.A Ojuawo and former Chief of Accounts and Budgeting in NAF, AVM J.B Adigun.

Also on trial is a former chairman, Presidential Implementation on Committee on Maritime Safety (PICOMMS), AVM Saliu Atawodi and a former Director of Armament with the Nigerian Air Force (NAF), AVM John Adeniyi Kayode-Beckley and a former aide to Dasuki, Col. Nicholas Ashinze.

Sambo Dasuki
Dasuki is standing trial before three different courts. The first charge was filed before the Federal High Court sitting in Abuja where Dasuki was charged with diverting $2.1 billion.

Second, the EFCC preferred another 19-count charge against Dasuki and four others before an Abuja High Court for alleged diversion of another N32 billion meant for arms procurement.

Dasuki’s co-accused persons are a former Director of Finance and Administration in the Office of NSA, Shuaibu Salisu, and a former General Manager, Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Aminu Baba-Kusa.

The third charge was filed before another Abuja High Court, wherein the anti-graft agency slammed another 22-count charge bothering on alleged diversion of N13 billion meant for arms procurement.

The former NSA had, since, been arraigned before the three courts. The Abuja High Court later consolidated the two charges against Dasuki.
Badeh in the dock

Badeh, who was a former Chief of Defence Staff, is standing trial on a 10-count charge bordering on money laundering, criminal breach of trust and corruption to the tune of N3.97 billion belonging to the Nigerian Air Force before the Federal High Court sitting in Abuja.

Badeh pleaded not guilty to the charge and was consequently admitted to bail, first under stringent condition. The condition for bail was later reviewed due to his inability to meet it.

Trial had since started as the prosecution, the EFCC, has called witnesses. The witnesses had, in turn, explained to the trial judge, Justice Abang Okon, how Badeh collected the said money and expended it on the purchase of property in highbrow area of Abuja.

Badeh was said to have used dollar equivalent of the sum of N1.4 billion from the NAF accounts to purchase a mansion situated at No. 6, Ogun River Street, off Danube Street, Maitama, Abuja.

Umar Dikko
Another Air Chief standing trial over corruption related charges is a former Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal Umar Dikko, who was accused of diverting about N4.86 billion belonging to NAF to purchase property for himself.

Diko, who was arraigned before the Federal High Court sitting in Abuja, however, pleaded not guilty when the seven-count charge bothering on diversion of funds slammed on him by EFCC was read to him.

In the charge, Dikko was alleged to have, while being the Chief of Air Staff between September 2010 and 2012, converted the United States dollar equivalent of the aggregate sum of N4,864,630,000 removed from the account of NAF.

Dikko was also alleged to have used N700 million removed from NAF account to purchase a property at No 14, Vistula Close, off Panama Street, Maitama; accused of using another N860 million removed from NAF account to buy a property at Plot No. 1853, Deng Xiao Ping Street, off Mahathir Mohammed Street, Asokoro Extension, Abuja; accused of taking N500 million from the account of NAF to purchase a four-bedroom duplex with boys’ quarters at Road 3b, Street 2, Mabushi Ministers Hill, Abuja; accused of removing N250 million from NAF account to buy a property at No 14, Audu Bako Way, GRA, Kano.

Amosu, Adigun and Olugbenga
The anti-graft agency is prosecuting a former Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal Adesola Amosu (rtd), Air Vice Marshal Jacob Bola Adigun, Air Commodore Gbadebo Olugbenga and eight companies before Justice Mohammed Idris of the Federal High Court, Lagos over an alleged N22.8 billion fraud.

The companies involved are: Delfina Oil and Gas Ltd, Mcallan Oil and Gas Ltd, Hebron Housing and Properties Company Ltd, Trapezites BDC, Fonds and Pricey Ltd, Deegee Oil and Gas Ltd, Timsegg Investment Ltd and Solomon Health Care Ltd.

They were arraigned by the EFCC before the court on June 29, 2016 on a 26-count charge of stealing and concealing of proceeds of crime.

Upon their arraignment, the accused persons were granted bail by the court in the sum of N500 million with two sureties in like sum.

Further hearing in the matter has been adjourned to June 28.

Atewe
Also in the dock is a former commander of the Joint Task Force, Operation Pulo Shield in the Niger Delta, Major General Emmanuel Atewe and three others.

Atewe was, on June 3, 2016, arraigned before Justice Saliu Saidu of a Federal High Court in Lagos on an 11-count charge bordering on conspiracy, fraud, stealing and fraudulent conversion of N19.7 billion to personal use.

Atewe was arraigned alongside the immediate past Director General of the Nigeria Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA), Patrick Akpobolokemi, Kime Engozu and Josephine Otuaga.

The anti-graft agency, in the charge marked, FHC/L/C/217C/16, alleged that the former JTF Commander and other accused persons had, between 2014 and 2015, in Lagos, used six companies to commit the alleged acts.

Further hearing in the trial has been fixed for September 20.

Ex-Naval Chiefs
Former Chief of Naval Staff, Vice Admiral Usman Jibrin, is also being prosecuted at the FCT High Court over alleged N600 million fraud.

Jibrin is facing trial alongside Rear Admiral Bala Mshelia(rtd), Rear Admiral Shehu Ahmadu (rtd) and Habor Bay International Limited on a four-count charge of criminal conspiracy.

The naval chiefs, whilst in office, allegedly bought a house worth N600 million from the account of Naval Engineering Services without budgetary provision.

A former Naval Chief, Dele Ezeoba, is another ranking security chief standing corruption trial before the Federal High Court, Lagos.

The trial judge, Justice Muslim Sule Hassan had, however, on April 6, 2017, ordered the permanent forfeiture of the said sum of N1.82 billion.

Atawodi
In the league of Generals in the dock is a former Chairman, Presidential Implementation Committee on Maritime Safety (PICOMMS), Air Vice Marshal Saliu Atawodi (rtd).

Atawodi was arraigned by the EFCC on a three-count charge bordering on conspiracy, abuse of office and misappropriation of public funds.

The defendant, however, pleaded not guilty when the charge was read to him.

Atawodi allegedly defrauded the government to the tune of over N600 million through suspicious contracts to procure military boats.
The trial is ongoing.

Ojuawo
Also in the dock is a former Air Officer in charge of Tactical Air Command, Makurdi, Air Vice Marshal Rufus Ojuawo.

Ojuawo was arraigned before an Abuja High Court on a two-count charge of allegedly receiving a gift of N40 million and a car valued at N29.2 million from a contractor with NAF, Mr. Hima Aboubakar of Societe D’ Equipments Internationaux Nig. Ltd.

Until his arrest by the EFCC at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja, AVM Ojuawo, was Air Officer Commanding, the Tactical Air Command, NAF, Makurdi.

Kayode-Beckly, Mamu
Air Vice Marshal John Adeniyi Kayode-Beckly is being tried over a one-count charge of bribery.
Beckley, who is the Director of Armament with NAF, allegedly collected the sum of N10 million as gratification from a contractor, one Mr. Hima Abubakar, of Societe D’Equipments Internationaux Nig. Ltd.

The defendant, however, pleaded not guilty to the charge and prayed the court to admit him to bail.
Also in the dock is a former Air Officer Training Command and a member of the Committee for Procurement, Ministry of Defence, Air Vice Marshal Alkali Mohammed Mamu.

The Federal Government is prosecuting Mamu on a three-count charge bordering on bribery to the tune of N5.9 million.

Mamu, however, pleaded not guilty to the charge and consequently prayed the court to admit him to bail.

AVM Mamu allegedly collected a cash gift in the sum of N5.9 million for the purchase of a Range Rover Evoque, $300,000 and two vehicles (Ford Expedition SUV and Jaguar XF Saloon) valued at N15 million and N12 million respectively from Societe D’ Equipments Internationaux Nigeria Limited, a contractor with the Nigerian Air Force.

AVM Oguntoyinbo
Air Vice Marshall Olutayo Tade Oguntoyinbo is another ranking officer facing corruption charge before an Abuja High Court on one-count charge of bribery to the tune of N166 million.

Oguntoyinbo, while being the Chief of Training and Operations of the Nigerian Air Force, allegedly collected the said sum as gratification from a contractor with the NAF.

Ashinze
Col. Nicholas Ashinze was an aide to Dasuki.

The Federal Government has arraigned Ashinze, alongside three others, before Justice Gabriel Kolawole of the Federal High Court, Abuja on a 13-count charge of corruption and money laundering to the tune of N3.1 billion.

Ashinze and his co-accused were arraigned alongside five companies accused of allegedly diverting huge sums from the office of the former NSA.

          Sorteo Gordito del Zodiaco resultados de hoy   
Sorteo Gordito del Zodiaco de Lotería Nacional de Panamá del Viernes 30 de Junio 2017. El Premio mayor fue para el billete 1379 con las letras CACB, la Serie: 8 y Folio 16 ¡Siga leyendo! ¡Descubre lo...

Para Mayor Informacion visita nuestro Blog... https://goo.gl/exZAr
          Watch: Sea Shepherd Vessel Rammed And Threatened By Fishing Boat In Panama   
Angry-Longliners-still-capture-seashepherd
A Sea Shepherd vessel suffered minor damage on Wednesday when it was rammed by a fishing boat while patrolling in the Coiba marine reserve, off the Pacific coast of Panama.
          Ballet Hispanico to Perform at Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival This July   

Ballet Hispánico will perform at Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival at the Ted Shawn Theater, 358 George Carter Road, Becket, MA 01223, from July 26-30, 2017.

Ballet Hispanico brings captivating style, crisp technique, and charismatic bravado to the Ted Shawn Theatre.

Ballet Hispanico offers the thrilling diversity of Latino culture-a fusion of classical, Latin, and contemporary dance. The program features the Pillow-commissioned and flamenco-inspired Línea Recta by Colombian-Belgian choreographer Annabelle Lopez Ochoa, set to Spanish guitar by Eric Vaarzon Morel. Other works include Eduardo Vilaro's Danzón, which features a contemporary take on the national dance of Cuba, and El Beso by award-winning Spanish choreographer Gustavo Ramírez Sansano.

Performances play Wednesday-Saturday at 8pm; Thursday, Saturday, and Sunday at 2pm. Tickets are $45-78 and are available at www.jacobspillow.org/events/ballet-hispanico.


PROGRAM:

Línea Recta (2016)
Choreography by Annabelle Lopez Ochoa

From one of today's most sought-after choreographers comes a powerful and resonant work that explores an intriguing aspect of flamenco dance: the conspicuous absence of physical partnering. While maintaining the integrity and hallmark passion of the genre, Annabelle Lopez Ochoa imagines an original and explosive movement language premised upon the theme of partnership and performed to live flamenco guitar by Eric Vaarzon Morel. Línea Recta came to fruition through Ballet Hispánico's Instituto Coreográfico, an innovative choreography lab program for Latino dance makers. Línea Rectais Annabelle Lopez Ochoa's third original work for Ballet Hispánico under Eduardo Vilaro; the Company previously commissioned and performed audience favorites Mad'moiselle (2010) and Sombrerísimo (2013). BalletHispánico also acquired and performed Lopez Ochoa's Before After (2002), Nube Blanco (2008) and Locked Up Laura (2009).

Danzón (2012)
Choreography by Eduardo Vilaro

Danzón has been called the official dance of Cuba. Having evolved from the Haitian contradance, its history is steeped in the fusion of cultures. But danzón is also used throughout Latin America as a term of celebration, a coming together of community and a way of maintaining identity. Fusing Afro-Cuban social dance movements with contemporary and classical dance forms, Eduardo Vilaro has taken this traditional and quintessentially Cuban dance form and reinvented it as a joyous celebration of music and movement. Mr. Vilaro is the Artistic Director and Chief Executive Officer of Ballet Hispánico.

El Beso (2014)
Choreography by Gustavo Ramírez Sansano

Award-winning Spanish choreographer Gustavo Ramírez Sansano (a Dance Magazine "25 to Watch" pick) premiered his first commission for BalletHispanico in 2014. , a tongue-in-cheek look at the iconic nature of a kiss with original costumes by Venezuelan fashion designer Angel Sanchez.


ABOUT THE ARTISTS:

ANNABELLE LOPEZ OCHOA (Choreographer) is a sought-after Belgo-Colombian choreographer that since 2003 has created works for more than 40 companies around the world such as Scapino Ballet, Dutch National Ballet, Djazzex, GenEva Ballet, Royal Ballet of Flanders, Gothenburg Ballet, Pennsylvania Ballet, BalletX, BJM-Danse Montreal, Luna Negra Dance Theater, Ballet National de Marseille, Saarbrucken Ballet, Jacoby & Pronk, Chemnitzer Ballet, Ballet Hispánico, Morphoses Wheeldon Company, Whim W'Him, IncolBallet de Colombia, Finnish National Ballet, Compania Nacional de Danza Madrid, Pacific Northwest Ballet, Scottish Ballet, The Washington Ballet, Ballet Nacional Dominicano, Ballet Saarbrucken, Augsburg Ballet, Ballet Austin, Atlanta Ballet, Grand Rapids Ballet, Ballet Moscow, BalletNacional de Cuba, West Australian Ballet, Danza Contemporanea de Cuba, Ballet Nacional Chileno, Ballet Staatstheater am Gartnerplatz Munchen, BalletManila, Daniil Simkin Intensio Project, Cincinnati Ballet, Silicon Valley Ballet, Joffrey Ballet, English National Ballet and New York City Ballet. In the fall of 2007 she was selected to participate with the prestigious New York Choreographic Institute. Dance Magazine named her work Cylindrical Shadows, performed by Pacific Northwest Ballet, as one of the highlights of 2012. Her full-length narrative ballet A Streetcar Named Desire has been awarded with 'Best Classical Choreography' by the Circle of Critics of the National Dance Award UK, the South Bank Sky Arts Awards for "Best New Production" and has been nominated for an Olivier Award 2012.

GUSTAVO RAMIREZ SANSANO (Choreographer) was Artistic Director of Luna Negra Dance Theater from 2009-2013, after directing proyectoTITOYAYA in Valencia, Spain for four years. Sansano has been the recipient of numerous awards for his choreography, including first prizes at the Ricard Moragas competition in Barcelona, the Dom Perignon choreographic competition in Hamburg, and at Las Artes Escénicas de la Comunidad Valenciana. He has been commissioned to create works for Compania Nacional de Danza, the Hamburg Ballet, TanzTheaterMünchen, Budapest Dance Theater, National Dance Company Wales, Norrdans, Gyori Ballet, Balletto dell'Esperia, BalletMet, IT dansa, Ballet Junior de Genève, and Nederlands Dans Theater, among others. As a dancer, Sansano performed works by Jacopo Godani, Hans Van Manen, Ji?í Kylián, Ohad Naharin, Johan Inger, Paul Lightfoot, Victor Ullate and many more, working for the BalletJoven de Alicante, Ballet Contemporaneo de Barcelona, Ballet de la Comunidad de Madrid, Nederlands Dans Theater II and Hubbard Street Dance Chicago. Gustavo was chosen by the magazine POR LA DANZA for its 15th anniversary as one of the 'Fifteen Choreographers to Watch.' Dance Magazine featured Luna Negra's artistic director, Gustavo Ramírez Sansano, in its annual '25 to Watch' list 2012, and was named 'Chicagoan of the Year in Arts & Entertainment' by the Chicago Tribune.

Eduardo Vilaro (Choreographer) joined Ballet Hispánico as Artistic Director in August 2009, becoming only the second person to head the company since it was founded in 1970. In 2015, Mr. Vilaro took on the additional role of Chief Executive Officer of Ballet Hispánico. He has been part of the Ballet Hispánico family since 1985 as a principal dancer and educator, after which he began a ten-year record of achievement as Founder and Artistic Director of Luna Negra Dance Theater in Chicago. Mr. Vilaro has infused Ballet Hispánico's legacy with a bold and eclectic brand of contemporary dance that reflects America's changing cultural landscape. Born in Cuba and raised in New York from the age of six, he is a frequent speaker on the merits of cultural diversity and dance education.

Mr. Vilaro's own choreography is devoted to capturing the spiritual, sensual and historical essence of the Latino cultures. He created over 20 ballets for Luna Negra and has received commissions from the Ravinia Festival, the Chicago Sinfonietta, the Grant Park Festival, the Lexington Ballet and the Chicago Symphony. In 2001, he was a recipient of a Ruth Page Award for choreography, and in 2003, he was honored for his choreographic work at Panama's II International Festival of Ballet. In 2016, he was inducted into the Bronx Walk of Fame.


Jacob's Pillow, celebrating its 85th Festival in 2017, is a National Historic Landmark, recipient of the National Medal of Arts, and home to America's longest-running international dance festival. Each Festival includes more than 50 national and international dance companies and 350 free and ticketed performances, talks, tours, classes, exhibits, and events. The School at Jacob's Pillow, one of the most prestigious professional dance training centers in the U.S., encompasses the diverse disciplines of Ballet, Cultural Traditions, Contemporary, and Musical Theatre Dance, as well as an Intern Program in various disciplines of arts administration, design, video, and production. The Pillow's extensive Archives, open year-round to the public, chronicle more than a century of dance in photographs, programs, books, costumes, audiotapes, and videos. Notable artists who have created or premiered dances at the Pillow include choreographers Antony Tudor, Agnes De Mille, Alvin Ailey, Donald McKayle, Kevin Mckenzie, Twyla Tharp, Ralph Lemon, Susan Marshall, Trisha Brown, Ronald K. Brown, Wally Cardona, Andrea Miller, and Trey McIntyre; performed by artists such as Mikhail Baryshnikov, Carmen De Lavallade, Mark Morris, Dame Margot Fonteyn, Edward Villella, Rasta Thomas, and hundreds of others. On March 2, 2011, President Barack Obama honored Jacob's Pillow with a National Medal of Arts, the highest arts award given by the United States Government, making the Pillow the first dance presenting organization to receive this prestigious award. For more information, visit www.jacobspillow.org.


          La digitalización, clave para elevar la productividad en Iberoamérica   
La digitalización en América Latina ha progresado significativamente desde el año 2009, acortando la brecha que separa a la región de los países de la Península Ibérica. Sin embargo, y a pesar de que el avance ha sido de 24 puntos, hasta alcanzar los 45 sobre 100, el nivel de digitalización del consumo todavía se mantiene alejado de los 60 puntos que ostentan España y Portugal.

Ante esta disparidad, el último informe del Consejo Iberoamericano para la Productividad y la Competitividad insiste en la necesidad de acercar los indicadores para acelerar el desarrollo del ecosistema digital iberoamericano y elevar la productividad de estas regiones.

El documento, elaborado en colaboración con la Fundación privada Cotec para la Innovación, diagnostica las carencias y pone de relieve los retos de la región en el sector digital, cuyo peso económico en términos de las ventas brutas como porcentaje de Producto Interior Bruto (PIB) alcanza el 2,8% en la Península Ibérica y hasta el 4,3% en América Latina.

Cuarta revolución industrial

"Debemos pensar en el futuro y en la cuarta revolución industrial, donde la tecnología es excesiva", advirtió durante la presentación del informe en la Casa América de Madrid el copresidente del Consejo Iberoamericano para la Productividad y la Competitividad, Enrique García. Para el expresidente ejecutivo del Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina (CAF), el problema de Latinoamérica reside en que su modelo económico sigue ligado al de las ventajas comparativas, donde se invierte en innovación una parte muy reducida del PIB.
En esto coincidió el profesor de la Universidad de Columbia Raúl Katz, quien apostó por las políticas públicas e iniciativas privadas para "desbloquear las barreras a la innovación". En este sentido, los expertos proponen el establecimiento de programas de digitalización, liderados por el sector público, con el asesoramiento y la participación privada, cuyo objetivo prioritario sea el cierre de la brecha digital. 

Como se ha apuntado, Iberoamérica presenta un desarrollo desigual en cuanto a la digitalización del consumo. Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Panamá y Uruguay encabezan la lista de los países latinoamericanos más digitalizados, aunque "América Latina se está acercando cada vez más al nivel de desarrollo digital de España y Portugal, con un crecimiento del 7% anual, comparado con el 3 o 4% que experimenta España actualmente", añadió Katz al respecto. Por otro lado, según detalla el informe, los programas de digitalización deben incluir iniciativas específicas en cuatro áreas: calidad de la enseñanza, inversión en infraestructuras, digitalización de las pymes y armonización de las regulaciones digitales entre los países.

Inversión y capital humano

Para avanzar en esta transformación, los países deberían solventar dos de sus grandes debilidades: la inversión y el capital humano. En palabras del profesor, "estamos aumentando el consumo de productos digitales, pero la capacidad de sostener estas necesidades es muy inferior a la demanda. Esto provoca que dichos productos sean creados fuera de la región". 

De hecho, las infraestructuras latinoamericanas se encuentran muy bien posicionadas en relación a las que están presentes en la Península Ibérica. América Latina se sitúa en 80 puntos sobre 100 en este aspecto, empatando con Portugal y tan solo un punto por debajo del índice que posee España. 

En relación a la digitalización de la producción, y teniendo en cuenta las infraestructuras, los insumos, el procesamiento, la distribución y la digitalización agregada, los países más avanzados de Iberoamérica son Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, España, México y Portugal. En este caso, la diferencia entre España (66,8), Chile (65,87) y Colombia (64,48) es realmente mínima. 

Así, según recordó el secretario de Estado para la Sociedad de la Información y la Agenda Digital, José María Lassalle, "Iberoamérica impulsó la globalización". "Si alguien tiene oportunidades estratégicas para ser protagonista de la revolución digital, estos son los países iberoamericanos", concluyó.


          Danilo Medina aboga por lograr un salto cualitativo en integración regional    

SAN JOSÉ. El presidente de la República Dominicana, Danilo Medina, abogó hoy por que la agenda estratégica del Sistema de Integración Centroamericana (SICA) le permita a la región dar “un salto cualitativo”.

“Hemos fortalecido la agenda estratégica que debe llevarnos a un verdadero salto cualitativo en el proceso de integración”, dijo Medina en su discurso en la sesión plenaria de la Cumbre presidencial del SICA, que se lleva a cabo hoy en Costa Rica.

Medina aseguró que el sistema “avanza firmemente hacia una agenda priorizada” de temas que busca “encontrar respuestas en nuestras capacidades” a los desafíos regionales como el cambio climático y la lucha contra la pobreza.

El mandatario dominicano también destacó la iniciativa del SICA para fortalecer su relación con los 27 países observadores del sistema y buscar ámbitos de cooperación.

Medina señaló que es necesario encontrar “nuevas fuentes de financiamiento para la agenda de desarrollo” y “abrir más puertas” a la cooperación.

“Creemos que homologar el concepto de ‘bien publico regional’ nos facilitará acceder a financiación externa y ejercer una mejor rendición de cuentas. Centroamérica debe hacerse escuchar en el debate mundial en financiación para el desarrollo”, expresó el gobernante dominicano.

Medina enfatizó en que la región necesita alinear la cooperación internacional con los objetivos de desarrollo sostenible y mejorar los mecanismos de medición del cumplimiento de esas metas.

Medina resaltó avances del SICA en temas como seguridad regional, institucionalidad democrática, promoción de las pequeñas y medianas empresas, las cadenas de valor, la gestión del riesgo y la lucha contra el cambio climático.

Además, hizo un llamado a la región a trabajar en la conservación del agua en momentos en que los países se han visto afectados recientemente por sequías.

Medina dijo que su país comparte la visión de que del SICA deben surgir “mandatos definidos y líneas de acción sostenidas en el tiempo”.

“Es el momento de avanzar juntos con puntos bien definidos.

Seguir el camino hacia una Centroamérica más próspera, unida, con una voz más clara y fuerte en el mundo”, apuntó.

El SICA, constituido en 1991, está integrado por Costa Rica, Panamá, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras, Guatemala, República Dominicana y Belice.


          República Dominicana, el segundo país con la tasa de mortalidad neonatal más alta de la región   

BOGOTÁ. República Dominicana solo es superado por Haití en el informe del Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (Unicef) sobre los países de América Latina con la tasa más alta de mortalidad infantil neonatal, retrocediendo un puesto con relación al ranking de 2016 en el que ocupábamos el tercer lugar.

Según el organismo internacional, en Latinoamérica, “el riesgo de morir antes de los 28 días de nacido en los países más pobres es 2,5 veces mayor que en los más ricos y el riesgo de que un niño muera antes de los 5 años es tres veces mayor” en la misma comparación.

La situación más difícil la afronta Haití, que tiene la tasa de mortalidad neonatal más alta de la región, con 25 muertes por cada 1,000 nacidos vivos, seguido de República Dominicana (20) y Bolivia (16). Mientras, las cifras más bajas las reportan Cuba (2) y Chile y Uruguay (5).

La inversión en la salud materna e infantil puede evitar la muerte de unos 200,000 niños menores de 5 años cada año en Latinoamérica, donde el lugar y condiciones al nacer definen la probabilidad de supervivencia y desarrollo debido a la inequidad entre y dentro de los países, alertó hoy Unicef.

“Claramente tenemos una región desigual, con marcada inequidad para madres y niños en sus propios países”, dijo a Efe Luisa Brumana, asesora en Salud de Unicef para Latinoamérica y el Caribe, al citar el informe “Reducir las diferencias: El poder de invertir en los niños más pobres”, presentado este miércoles.

“Hay muchas inequidades que deben ser prioridad para los Gobiernos, llegar a los que más sufren, que son los niños pobres, con madres con baja escolaridad y muchos de ellos de minorías étnicas como los indígenas”, añadió la epidemióloga.

Según datos de Unicef, se estima que en América Latina 196,000 niños menores de 5 años mueren cada año por causas prevenibles, de los cuales 167,000 (85 %) tienen menos de un año, es decir que en la región muere un niño cada tres minutos.

“Que tengamos casi 200,000 niños que mueren y que esas muertes sean prevenibles es alarmante, eso no debería pasar, hay formas de evitarlo”, afirmó Brumana, al insistir en que los “países deben entender que la inversión no solo es moral porque hay un retorno al evitar la enfermedad y miles de muertes”.

Así lo resalta el informe de Unicef al señalar que “las inversiones en poblaciones de niños y madres pobres, por cada millón invertido, salvan el doble de vidas de menores de 5 años que una inversión equivalente en otras que no son pobres”.

“De las 1,1 millones de vidas salvadas en los 51 países estudiados durante el último año, casi el 85 % se encontraba entre los pobres”, agrega el documento.

Para Brumana, el “gran problema es la inequidad dentro de los mismos países: Hay zonas muy pobres, etnias sin atención, poblaciones muy apartadas, donde el acceso es restringido”.

Por ejemplo, sostiene la experta en salud pública, en Colombia, Haití, Nicaragua, Panamá y Surinam la tasa de cobertura de atención prenatal, que debe ser por lo menos de cuatro visitas, es tres veces más baja entre las mujeres sin escolaridad que entre las que tienen educación superior.

Explicó que las intervenciones más costo-efectivas son los cuidados prenatales, la lactancia materna, exclusiva y temprana, la vacunación completa, el acceso inmediato a tratamiento y el acceso a mosquiteros en los países donde persiste la malaria.

“Con estas acciones hay que llegar a los más pobres para reducir la enfermedad y la mortalidad”, subrayó.

“Invertir en los niños más pobres no solo es correcto en principio, también es correcto en la práctica, ya que salva más vidas por cada dólar gastado”, coincidió el director ejecutivo del Fondo de Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (Unicef), Anthony Lake, en la presentación del informe del organismo.

Unicef alertó de que, si no se acelera la reducción de la mortalidad infantil, para 2030 casi 70 millones de niños morirán antes de cumplir cinco años.

Por eso, María Cristina Perceval, directora regional de Unicef para América Latina y el Caribe, afirmó en un comunicado que la región debe “invertir en servicios de salud y nutrición de alto impacto y calidad”.


          CARICOM deals a blow to US plans for regime change in Venezuela    

Venezuela’s Foreign Minister, Delcy Rodriguez, recently tweeted that the “US State Department deployed its ambassadors in the region to attack Venezuela. We come with renewed vigor to defeat them at the OAS.”

So said, so done. The US Ambassador to Guyana, Perry Holloway, spewed the US false narrative regarding Venezuela in our local newspapers. US ambassadors in a number of other Caribbean countries did the same. It was a coordinated attempt to mislead the people of Guyana and the region about what is really happening in Venezuela, and to apply pressure on members of CARICOM (Caribbean Community) and the OAS (Organization of American States) to succumb to US calls for intervention, with the aim of overthrowing the democratically elected government of President Nicolas Maduro.

US diplomats in Guyana, and for that matter throughout the Global South, are not diplomats in the strict sense of the word, and can be better described as political activists. They are constantly meddling in the internal affairs of the country they are stationed in, giving directives to the compliant neo-colonial regimes and actively undermining and destabilizing independent and anti-imperialist governments, such as the government in Venezuela.

This latest US psych-ops came just after the May 31st meeting of the OAS in Washington DC and just prior to the June 19th OAS meeting in Cancun, Mexico, where CARICOM member states took a firm and united anti-interventionist position in relation to the current situation in Venezuela, delivering a resounding defeat to the interventionist approach advocated by the US, Mexico, Peru and Panama,

Following the June 19th OAS meeting, Venezuela’s Foreign Minister, Delcy Rodriguez, said: “Today we come with the strength of our people who took to the streets to denounce the interventionism of the Organization of American States, we come with the force of the rain of our commander Hugo Chavez. Independence and sovereignty triumphed today over the United States of America, with its brutal pressure, with its gross extortion, with its maneuvers…”

She added that the call for intervention encourages the “most violent, anti-democratic factions in our country,” and she thanked the Caribbean nations for their “deeply principled stand.”
In his letter and articles, US ambassador, Perry Holloway, had the temerity to lecture Guyana and other member-states of the OAS about their obligation to democracy and human rights. He stated that: “The diverse family of nations in the Americas recognizes democracy is a part of our collective DNA. Sixteen years ago in Peru, we underscored this principle with the adoption of the Inter-American Democratic Charter, affirming the right of the peoples of the Americas to democracy and obligating our governments to defend that right.”

I suggest that before US diplomats in the Caribbean and the Americas offer any criticism or advice to Venezuela or any member-state of the OAS on issues of democracy and human rights, they should first examine the behavior of their own government in relation to their undemocratic practices and policies, both internally and around the world, and their endless list of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Trump lays bare sham democracy

The only positive aspect of Trump’s presidency is that it is exposing, once and for all, the sham that parades as US democracy and concern for human rights. The entirely undemocratic nature of US internal and foreign policy is clear to all in 2017. Even that minority of citizens on this planet who still held out some hope that the US resembled anything close to a democracy, have now seen through the façade. American political philosopher, Sheldon S. Wolin, in his brilliant work, Democracy Incorporated: Managed Democracy and the Specter of Inverted Totalitarianism, renders a devastating critique of US democracy and is a vital read for anyone who wishes to understand the latent fascism that underpins the politics of this Empire.

Former US Attorney-General, Ramsay Clark, had this to say: “We’re not a democracy. It’s a terrible misunderstanding and a slander to the idea of democracy to call us that. In reality, we’re a plutocracy, a government by the wealthy.” He compared President George W. Bush to Adolf Hitler, and is on record as saying at the outset of the US invasion of Iraq, that it “will be genocide again,” adding that “the greatest crime since World War Two has been US foreign policy.”

As I watch the hue and cry over Trump’s actions, it reminds me of Adolph Hitler’s response to Europe’s criticism of his policies. He told them: “I am only doing out in the open what you have been doing behind closed doors for centuries.”

A meme that was circulated at the end of Obama’s presidency said it best: “Only in shallow, self-absorbed, privileged America could a leader drop 26,000 bombs on seven countries in a single year, and have citizens mourn the end of his term because he looked and sounded classy while doing it.”

The illusion highlighted in this meme picks up on the public relations stunt that has become a hallmark of the US establishment, and which Sheldon Wolin identifies as a major feature of the “inverted totalitarianism” that exists in the US today. He describes “inverted totalitarianism” as a state of affairs where a small ruling elite (the 1%) have established an authoritarian society which benefits them exclusively. In this society, corporations have corrupted and subverted democracy, and natural resources and labor are seen as mere commodities to be exploited for huge profits.

This status quo is maintained by a sophisticated propaganda machine that lulls the majority of people into apathy. Central to reinforcing this hegemon is a tightly controlled corporatized media, a mouthpiece for the establishment, that is constantly spinning fake news and false narratives, and emphasizing rabid consumerism, individualism and the politics of personality and sensationalism. Wolin, like Clark, compares modern day USA to Nazi Germany, pointing out that the form is different but the essence, that is, fascism, is the same.

Friendly fascism

Tirty-seven years ago, political scientist, Bertram Gross, coined the term “friendly fascism” and predicted the Orwellian reality we are witnessing today in the US. His thesis converges with the conclusions reached by Wolin, Clark and others.

In his farewell address at the end of his presidency in 1961, Republican Dwight Eisenhower, warned the American people about the dangers of the “Military Industrial Complex”, the control it exerted and its ability to, in his words, “weaken or destroy the very institutions and principles it was designed to protect.” This has surely come to pass.

So, before US diplomats such as Perry Holloway attempt to discredit the Bolivarian Revolution in Venezuela, initiated by one of the most revered freedom fighters in the Americas, the late Hugo Chavez, and led today by President Nicolas Maduro and the United Socialist Party of Venezuela with the support of the majority of the people of Venezuela, they would do well to take a long and hard look at the crisis of democracy in their own country.

Let Mr. Holloway explain to Guyanese and the citizenry of all member-states of the OAS why, in 2017, Africans in the US continue to be gunned down in the streets on a regular basis.
Let him explain to us why the US has the largest number of persons imprisoned per capita in the world, and why the prisoners are disproportionately made up of Africans, Indigenous and other people of color, before he points the finger at a revolution that has lifted African and Indigenous Venezuelans out of debilitating discrimination and poverty.

Let Mr. Holloway address the situation of US political prisoners like Mumia Abu-Jamal, Jamil Al-Amin (formerly Rap Brown), Leonard Peltier and so many others who are languishing in US prisons before he speaks of Venezuela’s human rights record.

Let the US Ambassador focus on the shocking poverty and illiteracy statistics emerging from his own country, before he points the finger at the Bolivarian revolution which has made unprecedented gains in eradicating poverty and illiteracy amongst the masses of Venezuela’s poor. Anyone who visited oil rich Venezuela prior to the Bolivarian revolution can testify to the abhorrent conditions and the repressive measures used to subjugate the majority of Venezuelans, and in particular, African and Indigenous Venezuelans.

Does the Ambassador truly believe that his letters and articles, full of the usual delusional and empty rhetoric, would convince any of us that his government is concerned about democracy and human rights in Venezuela, or anywhere in the world for that matter, after we have witnessed the apocalyptic events in Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria and the list goes on?

Does Mr. Holloway think we have forgotten our own history in the Americas and the Caribbean, including the US orchestrated coups that overthrew the democratically elected governments of President Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala, President Salvador Allende in Chile, Prime Minister Maurice Bishop in Grenada, President Manuel Zelaya in Honduras and the constitutional coup against President Dilma Rousseff in Brazil? What about the removal at gunpoint of President Jean-Bertrand Aristide by US military personnel in Haiti?

There is not the space in a single article to even list the US crimes in our region. Just to chronicle them warrants a book. If we were to list US crimes against the whole of humanity, we are looking at a library of books. The US Empire and the British, French, Spanish, Portuguese and Dutch Empires that preceded it, have been without doubt the worst examples of terrorism in all of human history.

In his letter and article, Mr. Holloway advises that “when a government breaks with democracy, we must act in solidarity with its people, not through intervention or interference, but with diplomacy and mediation among all parties to help find a peaceful, democratic, and comprehensive solution.” Tell us Mr. Holloway: Are the examples listed above your idea of diplomacy and mediation?

These governments were not removed because of their lack of democracy or abuse of human rights. They were removed, like countless others throughout the Global South, because they were attempting to free their country from the clutches of the Empire, and liberate their wealth and resources so that they might benefit the masses of their people. Our own founding fathers in Guyana, Cheddi Jagan and Forbes Burnham, were subjected to the same destabilization tactics at the hands of the US government and its CIA.

Empire loses its grip

The US and its diplomats need to understand that with the advent of the internet and the availability of information in this day and age, the Empire has lost all credibility. There is no one left on earth who can be misled by their hollow and hypocritical rhetoric. Do not be fooled by those who dare not speak openly -- they are afraid of losing their visas and even worse reprisals. Regardless of their cowardice and silence, everyone knows that the Emperor is naked. Behind closed doors, even those satraps who publicly profess their allegiance, such as the Saudis, snigger and jeer at the hideous state of affairs in the United States of America.

As the US Empire crumbles, its vampires, who have sucked the blood of the sufferers for so long, are in panic mode because, despite their descent into blatant authoritarianism and fascism, they continue to lose their grip on the terrifying world they have created, as it spins more and more out of control. The ugly death squads such as Al Qaeda and ISIS, the very Frankensteins of their own making, are turning right back on them. As Malcom X observed so long ago, the chickens must come home to roost. One cannot keep up with the number of attacks in the US and Europe.

One of the vampires, largely credited with creating Al Qaeda, a former US National Security Advisor, and founder of the Rockefeller-controlled Trilateral Commission, Zbigniew Brzezinski, in a speech to British elites at Chatham House in 2008, spoke volumes when he said:

“…new and old major powers face still yet another novel reality, in some respects unprecedented, and it is that while the lethality of their power is greater than ever, their capacity to impose control over the politically awakened masses of the world is at an historical low…I once put it rather pungently, and I was flattered that the British Foreign Secretary repeated this… namely, in earlier times, it was easier to control a million people than physically to kill a million people. Today, it is infinitely easier to kill a million people than to control a million people.”

The majority of CARICOM countries are governed by neo-colonial political outfits and even they voted against US plans for regime change in Venezuela.”
The current US administration, like its predecessors, whether Democrat or Republican, is involved in just that, killing millions of people all over the world in its bid to control, and trying desperately to convince us of the absurd notion that that they are doing this in the name of democracy and human rights. Trouble is, no one is buying it? The majority of CARICOM countries are governed by neo-colonial political outfits and even they voted against US plans for regime change in Venezuela. The playbook is old and tired. Donald Trump just tied up an arms deal worth 350 billion US dollars with the corrupt and entirely undemocratic regime of Saudi Arabia, a regime that is without doubt the main proliferator of the ideology of Wahhabism and the movements intent on imposing this ideology worldwide, such as Al Qaeda, Boko Haram, Al Nusra Front and ISIS. All these weapons to a government that is funding terrorism worldwide and committing genocide in Yemen.

And, when the power struggle between the Saudis and the Qataris surfaced, Trump paid lip service to the manufactured war on terror by publicly condemning Qatar’s support for terrorism, and days later sold the Qataris US military hardware worth 12 billion dollars. In light of this hypocrisy and blatant disregard for the victims of these rogue states and their global terrorist network, can you really expect us to believe that your concern with Venezuela is about lack of democracy and human rights?

No shame
Finally, to Mr. Holloway and his cohorts throughout the region, your expressed shock and horror about the so-called spillover from Venezuela’s current predicament was perhaps the most shameful part of your missive: “The spillover effects from Venezuela’s crisis are serious and growing, whether it is irregular migrant flows to countries in our region or the increasing flow of arms and criminal activity that affect the Caribbean in particular.”

This is rich coming from the people who illegally invaded Libya, murdered the Libyan leader and freedom fighter, Muammar Qaddafi in the street, and in so doing, destroyed the most prosperous and democratic nation on the African continent, causing a migration crisis of a magnitude never seen before. Your government handed over the nation of Libya to a conglomerate of thugs, criminals, terrorists and reactionary warlords, and this spillover continues to wreak havoc throughout Africa and the Arab Region six years on. Before you concern yourself with any spillover in the Caribbean, please deal with the spillover from your criminal invasion of Libya, a spillover that only this month reached Manchester, England.

In Guyana, the Americas and throughout the Global South, the masses of people are sick and tired of the same old playbook -- the one that is in fact the cause of the current situation in Venezuela. But then, that is part of the devil’s own script, cause the problem and then come to us as savior, with a solution. It plays like this: the US, through its infamous web of security agencies, NGOs, Aid Agencies, think-tanks and other Trojan horses, destabilize, sow confusion and do everything in their power to overthrow any government and subjugate any people that refuse to obey Empire. Recently, more than 300,000 Venezuelans took to the streets in support of President Nicolas Maduro and the Bolivarian Revolution.

The opposition held a demonstration that attracted 50,000. Of course, in your United States, the corporate media is reporting just the opposite. By the admission of your own president they are the purveyors of fake news and this is just another example of your country’s lack of democracy. The bottom line is this Mr. Holloway: your country and its government is no way fit to point the finger at anyone when it comes to infringement of democracy, democratic values and human rights.

In your letters and articles you ask: “If these things were happening in our own countries, would we not want the rest of our American family of nations to speak out, and reach out, to help restore fundamental democratic freedoms and respect for constitutional institutions?”

In your own words you proclaim that: “The Organization of American States has for decades provided a forum to discuss our greatest challenges and take action together to address them. The challenge before us today is the death spiral of democracy in Venezuela.”

What you say in the two quotes above is correct except for one thing, the challenge before us today is not the death spiral of democracy in Venezuela, it is the death spiral of democracy in the United States and an evil Empire spinning out of control.

You are right -- the OAS should take immediate action to prevent further terrorism and turmoil because the spillover worldwide from the crisis in the United States is serious and growing.

* GERALD A. PERREIRA is chairperson of the Guyanese organizations Black Consciousness Movement Guyana (BCMG) and Organization for the Victory of the People (OVP) and an executive member of the Caribbean Chapter of the Network in Defense of Humanity. He lived in Libya for many years, served in the Green March, an international battalion for the defense of the Al Fatah Revolution, and was an executive member of the World Mathaba based in Libya. This article previously appeared in Black Agenda Report.

* THE VIEWS OF THE ABOVE ARTICLE ARE THOSE OF THE AUTHOR AND DO NOT NECESSARILY REFLECT THE VIEWS OF THE PAMBAZUKA NEWS EDITORIAL TEAM

* BROUGHT TO YOU BY PAMBAZUKA NEWS

* Please do not take Pambazuka for granted! Become a Friend of Pambazuka and make a donation NOW to help keep Pambazuka FREE and INDEPENDENT!

* Please send comments to [email=editor@pambazuka.org]editor[at]pambazuka[dot]org[/email] or comment online at Pambazuka News.

Issue Number: 
Article Image Caption | Source: 
AVN

          The Temple Hall/ Telamon shipwreck by Nick Hughes   


The Temple Hall/ Telamon shipwreck by Nick Hughes


The Temple Hall was built at the Caledon Shipbuilding & Engineering Co. Ltd (yard no 489) in Dundee and registered in London in 1954. In 1969 Temple Hall was re-named Pantelis and registered in Piraeus, Greece when it was sold to Demetrios P. Margaronis who sold the ship on again a year later to Viajes Sud América in Panama, keeping the same name and flag. Changing hands again in 1977 where she was re-named the Telamon, owned by Telamon Maritime Co. SA and managed by Armour Shipping Inc. in Greece. The Telamon was on route from San Pedro from the Ivory Coast to Thessaloniki with a cargo of logs when she sprung a leak and was forced to run aground in Arrecife, Lanzarote on the 31st October 1981 where she remains today.


Nick Hughes: Photos


          UN DIA... 29 DE JUNIO   
-1989
Día del Camarógrafo Argentino


Efemérides Culturales Argentinas.
.......................................................  
UN 29 DE JUNIO COMO HOY
En 2000 murió Antonio D'Alessandro
En 1979 murió: Oscar Napolitano
En 1974 murió José Scarpino
En 1974 murió: Ricardo Malerba
En 1971 murió: Ismael Gómez
En 1943 nació: Gabriel Reynal
En 1935 murió: María Isolina Godard
En 1931 nació: Osvaldo Requena
En 1929 nació: Carlos Almagro
En 1927 murió: Roberto Lino Cayol
En 1902 nació: Manlio Francia
En 1852 nació: Juan de Dios Peza
Efemérides de TODOTANGO.
.................................................
29 DE JUNIO
2004 - Muere en Unquillo (Córdoba), Gerardo Ramón “Negro” López, cantor, autor, compositor salteño. Integrante fundador del conjunto folklórico Los Fronterizos en 1953. En 1977 formó Las Voces de Gerardo López. Autor de “El indio muerto” (zamba), “Mi burrito cordobés” (bailecito) y “La esperanzada” (zamba con Carlos Barbarán), entre casi 30 temas registrados. Tenía 70 años.


29 de Junio: San Pedro y San Pablo.
29 de Junio: Día del Pontífice.
29 de junio: Día del Camarógrafo Argentino.
 
- Fiesta de San Pedro y San Pablo.
- Día del Sumo Pontífice.
1855 – sale la primera edición del “The Daily Telegraph”.
1858 – nace George Washington Goethals, constructor del Canal de Panamá.
1900 – nace Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, aviador y escritor, autor de El Principito.
1900 – Comienza a regir la Fundación Nobel.
1912 – Se inauguran en Estocolmo los V Juegos Olímpicos.
1913 – El Parlamento noruego concede a las mujeres todos los derechos electorales.
1916 – vuela el primer Boeing.
1929 – el médico escocés Alexander Fleming descubre la penicilina, el primer antibiótico conocido.
1930 – nace Oriana Fallaci, periodista italiana.
1935 – se constituye la Fuerza de Orientación Radical para la Joven Argentina (FORJA).
1940 – muere Paul Klee, pintor suizo.
1949 – se implementa el apartheid en Sudafrica; se prohiben los matrimonios mixtos.
1967 – muere Jayne Mansfield, actriz.
1971 – Mueren los tres tripulantes de la nave espacial soviética Soyuz II en un accidente poco antes de aterrizar.
1974 – Isabel Martínez de Perón se hace cargo de la Presidencia de la Argentina.
1983 – Dos médicos catalanes logran la fecundación in vitro y la implantación de óvulos en el útero materno.
1984 – Diego Maradona es transferido al Napoli de Italia donde es recibido como un héroe.
1986 – Argentina vence a Alemania Federal por 3 a 2 y se conquista la XIII Copa del Mundo de fútbol.
1987 – profanan los restos del ex presidente argentino Juan Domingo Perón en el cementerio de la Chacarita.
1990 – muere Irving Wallace, escritor estadounidense.
1995 – Tras más de mil años de cisma, el Patriarca de Constantinopla, Bartolomé I, y el papa Juan Pablo II, celebran una misa conjunta en la Basílica de San Pedro.
1995 – El transbordador estadounidense Atlantis y la estación rusa Mir se unen en el espacio.
2003 – Muere la actriz norteamericana Katharine Hepburn.
Periodismo.com
...............................

          UN DIA... 28 DE JUNIO   
1865
Nace en Buenos Aires el médico cirujano, político y legislador Juan B. Justo, fundador del diario "La Vanguardia" y del Partido Socialista. Falleció en su chacra de Los Cardales (provincia de Buenos Aires) el 8 de enero de 1928.

1990
Por decreto del Poder Ejecutivo Nacional 1235, del 28 de junio de 1990, se crea la Academia Nacional del Tango.


Efemérides Culturales Argentinas.
..........................................................

UN 28 DE JUNIO COMO HOY

En 1982 murió: Raúl Berón

En 1939 nació: Juan Cedrón ¡Feliz Cumpleaños!
En 1913 nació: Roberto Grela

En 1908 nació: Juan Carlos Thorry

En 1898 nació: Edelmiro Garrido

En 1892 nació: Eduardo Bianco
En 1888 nació: Lola Membrives

Efemérides de TODOTANGO.
...............................................
28 DE JUNIO

1948 - Nace Suna Rocha, en Las Arrias (Prov. de Córdoba). Cantante, autora y compositora.



1955 - Se registra la zamba “Tacita de plata”, con música de los hermanos Simón y letra de José Antonio Faro. Tema grabado y editado. “Entre cumbres y nieves estás,/ luciendo debajo un cielo azul,/ tacita de plata que el Ande forjó/ y que el inca llamó: ¡Jujuy! ¡Jujuy!”.

Efemérides Folklóricas Argentinas
de Juan Carlos Fiorillo.
........................................

28 de Junio de 1807: Segunda Invasión Inglesa.

28 de Junio de 1990: Creación de la Academia Nacional del Tango.

1245 – se abre el primer Concilio de Lyon.
1491 – nace Henry VIII de Inglaterra.
1519 – la Dieta de Frankfurt elige a Carlos I de España emperador de Alemania.
1577 – nace el pintor Peter Paul Rubens.
1635 – los franceses se establecen en Guadalupe, en el Caribe.
1669 – Luis XIV establece la Opera de París.
1712 – nace Jean Jacques Rousseau, contratista social francés.
1765 – se inaugura en Lima la plaza de toros de Acho, la más antigua de América.
1808 – José de San Martín alcanza el grado de capitán luchando contra las tropas invasoras de Napoleón, en España.
1825 – nace el químico alemán Richard August Carl Emil Erlenmeyer.
1835 – Inglaterra y España firman un convenio por el que estos últimos se obligan a impedir el comercio de esclavos hacia América bajo pabellon español.
1838 – coronación de la Reina Victoria.
1839 – el Gral. Lavalle inicia su ofensiva contra Rosas, gobernador de Buenos Aires.
1844 – fusilamientos en Matanzas, Cuba, tras una sublevación de esclavos negros.
1853 – la escuadra enviada por el presidente Justo José de Urquiza para bloquear Buenos Aires se subleva contra él y se pasa a los rebeldes.
1865 – nace Juan Bautista Justo, cirujano, escritor y periodista argentino, fundador del Partido Socialista y del diario “La Vanguardia”.
1867 – nace Luigi Pirandello, escritor italiano.
1880 – Guerra de Cuba: con la rendición del caudillo Limbano Sánchez termina la llamada “Guerra chica”.
1883 – nace Pierre Laval, político francés.
1886 – Inauguración del ferrocarril Canadian Pacific, entre Montreal y Port Moof (en la costa del Pacífico).
1888 – nace Lola Membrives, actriz argentina.
1889 – muere Maria Mitchell, primera mujer astrónoma estadounidense.
1902 – el Congreso estadounidense aprueba la ley Spooner, que autoriza al presidente a comprar por 40 millones de dólares la concesión del canal de Panamá, por quiebra de la antigua compañía del Canal Interoceánico.
1902 – nace el compositor estadounidense Richard Rodgers.
1909 – nace Eric Ambler, escritor.
1913 – empieza la segunda Guerra Balcánica: ofensiva de Bulgaria contra Serbia y Grecia.
1914 – asesinan en Sarajevo al Archiduque Francisco Fernando, heredero del trono de Austria-Hungría, y su esposa.
1918 – el Gobierno soviético nacionaliza la industria.
1919 – se firma el Tratado de Versalles que impone gravosas condiciones a los vencidos en la Gran Guerra.
1919 – se constituye la Organización Internacional del Trabajo.
1921 – Yugoslavia se constituye en Estado único centralista.
1924 – nace George Morgan, músico.
1926 – nace Mel Brooks, cineasta y humorista.
1929 – El Instituto Alemán de Física concede la “Medalla Max Planck” al propio Planck y a Albert Einstein, entre otros.
1940 – Rumania cede la Besarabia a la URSS.
1943 – nace Bobby Harrison, músico.
1943 – Nace Alfonso Santisteban, músico.
1945 – Nace Dave Knights, músico.
1945 – se funda el club Monterrey, de México.
1946 – Enrico de Nicola es elegido primer presidente de Italia.
1948 – nace Kathy Bates, actriz estadounidense.
1950 – las tropas de Corea del Norte ocupan Seúl.
1950 – China confisca las grandes propiedades territoriales y requisa las de la Iglesia.
1951 – nace Daniel Ruiz Bazani, ex futbolista español.
1952 – nace Pietro Menea, ex atleta italiano.
1954 – Chou Enlai y Nehrú proclaman “Los cinco principios de coexistencias pacifica”.
1960 – el gobierno cubano incauta la refinería de petroleo estadounidense Texaco.
1966 – nace el actor John Cusack.
1966 – nace Mary Stuart Masterson, actriz.
1966 – una rebelión militar derroca al presidente argentino Arturo Illia.
1968 – Nace Elmer Figueroa, “Chayanne”, cantante, bailarín y actor puertorriqueño.
1969 – nace Stephane Chapuisat, futbolista suizo.
1974 – Derrumbes de tierras en una carretera colombiana producen la muerte de 300 personas y el aplastamiento de 30 vehículos.
1976 – Independencia de las islas Seychelles, luego de 162 años de dominación británica.
1990 – se crea en Argentina la Academia Nacional del Tango.
1991 – se firma en Budapest del protocolo de autodisolución del Consejo de Ayuda Mutua Economica (CAME o COMECON).
1992 – La coalición de centro-izquierda gobernante en Chile obtiene una amplia mayoría en las primeras elecciones municipales celebradas en el país tras la dictadura militar.
1992 – muere Howard Roberts, músico.
1993 – Guatemala reconoce la independencia de Belice.
1994 – Carlos de Inglaterra admite en televisión que engañó a Lady Di.
1995 – Muere Francisco Grande Covián, bioquímico español considerado el padre de la dietética.
1996 – El Gobierno de Aznar aprueba un marco para privatizar las empresas del Estado español.
1997 – El Barcelona gana la Copa del Rey de fútbol ante el Betis.
1997 – Mike Tyson es descalificado luego de mutilar la oreja de su contrincante, el campeón de los pesos pesados, Evander Holyfield.
1998 – Clinton y Jiang Zemin debaten en televisión.
1998 – En la Conferencia Mundial de Ginebra sobre el SIDA se presenta un informe que afirma que las cesáreas y AZT pueden acabar con el SIDA infantil.
1998 – Se celebra el mayor festival musical de Europa en la localidad inglesa de Glastonbury.
1999 – La primera cumbre de mandatarios de la UE, América Latina y el Caribe aprueban la Declaración de Rio de Janeiro y las Prioridades Conjuntas de Acción, cuyo objetivo es consolidar una asociación estratégica de carácter político, económico, cultural y social.
2001 – ONU: Kofi Annan es reelegido por unanimidad secretario general de la ONU.
2003 – El ex represor argentino Ricardo Cavallo es extraditado de México a España, acusado de genocidio y terrorismo de Estado por la justicia española.
2004 – En una ceremonia sorpresiva y anticipada, preparada en estricto secreto, Estados Unidos transfirió el poder en Irak a un gobierno interino.
Periodismo.com
...................................

          What Well-brimmed Women Wore   
From capelines to panamas to toys, hat-centrics donned all eras at the annual Hats In The Park Luncheon. And who better than the French know the art of head adornment, so in true Parisian mode chairs Ellie Francisco and Kim Tutcher encouraged “City of Lights” flare at their chapeaux themed soiree. While both Tutcher  (pretty
          Claims Adjuster - Field Property   
FL-Panama City, Job Description: Our client, a growing Insurance Carrier, has an immediate need for a Field Property Claims Adjuster. This person would be handling Homeowner Property claims in the Panhandle. Company Benefits: Competitive Medical, Dental and Vision Plan Bonus Eligibility and more! Required Qualifications: 3 to 5+ years of experience handling Field Homeowners' Property claims Experience handling in
          The Philippines a Century Hence   
(by José Rizal Translated by Charles E. Derbyshire)

NOTE: This famous essay of Rizal entitled "Filipinas de cien años" was first published in La Solidaridad, Madrid, between September 30, 1889, and February 1, 1890

PART ONE: Following our usual custom of facing squarely the most difficult and delicate questions related to the Philippines, without weighing the consequences that our frankness may bring upon us, we shall in the present article treat of their future.

In order to read the destiny of a people, it is necessary to open the book of its past, and this, for the Philippines may be reduced in general terms to what follows.

Scarcely had they been attached to the Spanish crown than they had sustained with their blood and the efforts of their sons the wars and ambitions, and conquest of the Spanish people, and in these struggles, in that terrible crisis when a people changes its form of government, its laws, usages, customs, religion and beliefs; the Philippines was depopulated, impoverished and retarded -- caught in their metamorphosis without confidence in their past, without faith in their present and with no fond home of the years to come. The former rulers who had merely endeavored to secure the fear and submission of their subjects, habituated by them to servitude, fell like leaves from a dead tree, and the people, who had no love for them nor knew what liberty was, easily changed masters, perhaps hoping to gain something by the innovation.

Then began a new era for the Filipinos. They gradually lost their ancient traditions, their recollections, -- they forgot their writings, their songs, their poetry, their laws in order to learn by heart other doctrines, which they did not understand, other ethics, other tastes, different from those inspired in their race by their climate and their way of thinking. Then there was a falling-off, they were lowered in their own eyes, they became ashamed of what was distinctively their own, in order to admire and praise that was foreign and incomprehensible; their spirit was broken and they acquiesced.

Thus years and centuries rolled on. Religious shows, rites that caught the eye, songs, lights, images arrayed with gold, worship in a strange language, legends, miracles and sermons, hypnotized the already naturally superstitious spirits of the country but did not succeed in destroying it altogether, in spite of the whole system afterwards developed and operated with unyielding tenacity.

When the ethical abasement of the inhabitants had reached this stage, when they had become disheartened and disgusted with themselves, an effort was made to add the final stroke for reducing so many dormant wills and intellects to nothingness, in order to make of the individual a sort of toiler, a brute, a beast of burden and to develop a race without mind or heart. “Then the end sought was revealed, it was taken for granted, and the race was insulted, an effort was made to deny it every virtue, every human characteristic, and there were even writers and priests who pushed the movement still further by trying to deny to the natives of the country not only capacity for virtue but also even the tendency to vice.

Then this which they had thought would be death was sure salvation. Some dying persons are restored to health by a heroic remedy.

So great endurance reached its climax with the insults, and the lethargic spirit woke up to life. His sensitiveness, the chief trait of the native, was touched, and while he had the forbearance to suffer and die under a foreign flag, he had it not when they whom he served repaid his sacrifices with insults and jests. Then he began to study himself and to realize his misfortune. Those who had not expected this result, like all despotic masters, regarded as a wrong every complaint, every protest, and punished it with death, endeavoring thus to stifle every cry of sorrow with blood, and they made mistake after mistake.

The spirit of the people was not thereby cowed, and even though it had been awakened in only a few hearts, its flame nevertheless was surely and consumingly propagated, thanks to abuses and the stupid endeavors of certain classes to stifle noble and generous sentiments. Thus when a flame catches a garment, fear and confusion propagate it more and more, and each shake, each blow, is a blast from the bellows to fan it into life.

Undoubtedly during all this time there were not lacking generous and noble spirits among the dominant race that tired to struggle for the rights of humanity and justice, or sordid and cowardly ones among the dominated that aided the debasement of their own country. But both were exceptions and we are speaking in general terms.

Such is an outline of their past. We know their present. Now what will their future be?

Will the Philippine Islands continue to be a Spanish colony, and if so, what kind of colony? Will they become a province of Spain, with or without autonomy? And to reach this stage, what kind of sacrifices will have to be made?

Will they be separated from the mother country to live independently, to fall into the hands of other nations, or to ally themselves with neighboring powers?

It is impossible to reply to these questions, for to all of them both yes and now may be answered, according to the time desired to be covered. When there is in nature no fixed condition, how much less must there be in the life of a people, being endowed with mobility and movement! So, it is that in order to deal with those questions, it is necessary to presume an unlimited period of time, and in accordance therewith try to forecast future events.

PART TWO: What will become of the Philippines within a century? Will they continue to be a Spanish colony?

Had this question been asked three centuries ago, when at Legazpi’s death the Malayan Filipinos began to be gradually undeceived and, finding the yoke heavy, tried in vain to shake it off without any doubt whatsoever the reply would have been easy. To a spirit enthusiastic over the liberty of the country, to those unconquerable Kagayanes who nourished within themselves the spirit of Mgalats, to the descendants of the heroic Gat Pulintang and Gat Salakab of the Province of Batangas, independence was assured, it was merely a question of getting together and making a determination. But for him who, disillusioned by sad experience, saw everywhere discord and disorder, apathy and brutalization in the lower classes, discouragement and disunion in the upper, only one answer presented itself, and it was: extend his hands to the chains, bow his neck beneath the yoke and accept the future with the resignation of an invalid who watches the leaves fall and foresees a long winter amid whose snows he discerns the outlines of his grave. At the time discord justified pessimism -- but three centuries passed, the meek had become accustomed to the yoke, and each new generation, begotten in chains, was constantly better adapted to the new order of things.

Now then, are the Philippines in the same condition they were three centuries ago?

For the liberal Spaniards the ethical condition of the people remains the same, that is, the native Filipinos have not advanced; for the friars and their followers the people have been redeemed from savagery, that is, they have progressed; for many Filipinos ethics, spirit and customs have decayed, as decay all the good qualities of a people that falls into slavery that is, they have retrograded.

Laying aside these considerations, so as not to get away from our subject let us draw the brief parallel between the political situation then and the situation at present, in order to see if what was not possible at that time can be so now, or vice versa.

Let us pass over the loyalty the Filipinos may feel for Spain; let us suppose for a moment, along with Spanish writers, that there exist only motives for hatred and jealousy between the two races; let us admit the assertions flaunted by many that three centuries of domination have not awakened in the sensitive heart of the native a single spark of affection or gratitude; and we may see whether or not the Spanish cause has gained ground in the Islands.

Formerly the Spanish authority was upheld among the natives by a handful of soldiers, three to five hundred at most, many of whom were engaged in trade and were scattered about not only in the Islands but also among the neighboring nations, occupied in long wars against the Mohammedans in the south, against the British and Dutch, and ceaselessly harassed by Japanese, Chinese, or some tribes in the interior. Then communication with Mexico and Spain was slow, rare and difficult; frequent and violent the disturbances among the ruling powers in the Islands, the treasury nearly always empty, and the life of the colonists dependent upon one frail ship that handled the Chinese trade. Then the seas in those regions were infested with pirates, all enemies of the Spanish name, which was defended by an impoverished fleet, generally manned by rude adventurers, when not by foreigners and enemies, which was checked and an expedition of Gomez Perez Dasmariñas, which was checked and frustrated by the mutiny of the Chinese rowers, who killed him and thwarted all his plans and schemes. Yet in spite of so many adverse circumstances the Spanish authority had been upheld for more than three centuries and, though it has been curtailed, still continues to rule the destinies of the Philippine group.

On the other hand, the present situation seems to be gilded and rosy -- as we might say, a beautiful morning compared to the vexed and stormy night of the past. The material forces at the disposal of the Spanish sovereign have now been trebled; the fleet relatively improved: there is more organization in both civil and military affairs; communication with the sovereign country is swifter and surer; she has no enemies abroad; her possession is assured and the country dominated seems to have less spirit, less aspiration for independence, a world that is to it almost incomprehensible. Everything then at first glance presages another three centuries, at least, of peaceful domination and tranquil suzerainty.

But above the material considerations are arising others, invisible, of an ethical nature, far more powerful and transcendental.

Orientals and the Malays, in particular, are a sensitive people: delicacy of sentiment is predominant with them. Even now, in spite of contact with the Occidental nations, who have ideas different from his, we see the Malayan Filipino sacrifice everything -- liberty, ease, welfare, name for the sake of an aspiration or a conceit sometimes scientific, or of some other nature but at the least word which wounds his self-love he forgets all his sacrifices, the labor expended, to treasure in his memory and never forget the slight he thinks he has received.

So the Philippine peoples have remained faithful during three centuries, giving up their liberty and their independence, sometimes dazzled by the hope of the Paradise promised, sometimes cajoled by the friendship offered them by a noble and generous people like the Spanish, sometimes also compelled by superiority of arms of which they were ignorant and which timid spirits invested with a mysterious character, or sometimes because the invading foreigner took advantage of internecine feuds to step in as the peacemaker in discord and thus after to dominate both parties and subject them to his authority.

Spanish domination once established, was firmly maintained, thanks to the attachment of the people, to their mutual dissensions, and to the fact that the sensitive self-love of the native had not yet been wounded. Then the people saw their own countrymen in the higher ranks of the army, their general officers fighting beside the heroes of Spain and sharing their laurels, begrudged neither character, reputation nor consideration; then fidelity and attachment to Spain, love for the fatherland, made of the native encomendero and even general, as during the English invasion; then there had not yet been invented the insulting and ridiculous epithets with which recently the most laborious and painful achievements of the native leaders have been stigmatized; not then had it become the fashion to insult and slander in stereotyped phrase, in newspapers and books published with governmental and superior ecclesiastical approval, the people that paid, fought and poured out its blood for the Spanish name, nor was it considered either noble or witty to offend a whole race, which was forbidden to reply or defend itself, and if there were religious hypochondriacs who in the leisure of their cloisters dared to write against it, as did the Augustinian Gaspar de San Agustin and the Jesuit Velarde, their loathsome abortions never saw the light, and still less were they themselves rewarded with miters and raised to high offices. True it is that neither were the natives of that time such as we are now: three centuries of brutalization and obscurantism have necessarily had some influence upon us, the most beautiful work of divinity in the hands of certain artisans may finally be converted into a caricature.

The priests of that epoch, wishing to establish their domination over the people, got in touch with it and made common cause with it against the oppressive encomenderos. Naturally, the people saw in them learning and some prestige and placed its confidence in them, followed their advice, and listened to them in the darkest hours. If they wrote, they did so in defense of the rights of the native and made his cry reach even to the distant steps of the Throne. And not a few priests, both secular and regular, undertook dangerous journeys, as representatives of the country, and this, along with the strict and public residencia then required of the governing powers, from the captain-general to the most insignificant official, rather consoled and pacified the wounded spirits, satisfying, even though it were only in form, all the malcontents.

All this has passed away. The derisive laughter penetrates like mortal poison into the heart of the native who pays and suffers and it becomes more offensive the more immunity it enjoys. A common sore the general affront offered to a whole race, has wiped away the old feuds among different provinces. The people no longer have confidence in its former protectors, now its exploiters and executioners. The masks have fallen. It has been that the love and piety of the past have come to resemble the devotion of a nurse, who, unable to live elsewhere, desires the eternal infancy, eternal weakness, for the child in order to go on drawing her wages and existing at its expense, it has seen not only that she does not nourish it to make it grow but that she poisons it to stunt its growth and at the slightest protest she flies into a rage! The ancient show of justice, the holy residencia has disappeared; confusion of ideas begins to prevail; the regard shown for a governor-general, lie La Torre, becomes a crime in the government of his successor, sufficient to cause the citizen to lose his liberty and his home; if he obeys the order of one official, as in the recent matter of admitting corpses into the church, it is enough to have the obedient subjects later harassed and persecuted in every possible way; obligations and taxes increase without thereby increasing rights, privileges and liberties or assuring the few in existence; a regime of continual terror and uncertainty disturbs the minds, a regime worse than a period of disorder for the fears that the imagination conjures up are generally greater than the reality; the country is poor; the financial crisis through which it is passing is acute, and every one points out with the finger the persons who are causing the trouble, yet no one dares lay hands upon them!

True it is that the Penal Code has come like a drop of balm to such bitterness. But of what use are all the codes in the world, if by means of confidential reports, if for trifling reasons, if through anonymous traitors any honest citizen may be exiled or banished without a hearing, without a trial? Of what use is that Penal Code, of what use is life, if there is no security in the home, no faith in justice and confidence in tranquility of conscience? Of what use is all that array of terms, all that collection of articles, when the cowardly accusation of a traitor has more influence in the timorous ears of the supreme autocrat than all the cries for justice?

If this state of affairs should continue, what will be come of the Philippines within a century?

The batteries are gradually becoming charged and if the prudence of the government does not provide an outlet for the currents that are accumulating, some day the spark will be generated. This is not the place to speak of what outcome such a deplorable conflict might have, for it depends upon chance, upon the weapons and upon a thousand circumstances which man cannot foresee. But even though all the advantages should be on the government’s side and therefore the probability of success, it would be a Pyrrhic victory, and not government ought to desire such.

If those who guide the destinies of the Philippines remain obstinate, and instead of introducing reforms try to make the condition of the country retrograde; to push their severity and repression to extremes against the classes that suffer and think they are going to force the latter to venture and put into play the wretchedness of an unquiet life, filled with privation and bitterness, against the hope of securing something indefinite. What would be lost in the struggle? Almost nothing: the life of the numerous discontented classes has no such great attraction that it should be preferred to a glorious death. It may indeed be a suicidal attempt -- but then, what? Would not a bloody chasm yawn between victors and vanquished and might not the latter with time and experience become equal in strength, since they are superior in numbers to their dominators? Who disputes this? All the petty instructions that have occurred in the Philippines were the work of a few fanatics or discontented soldiers, who had to deceive and humbug the people or avail themselves of their powers over their subordinates to gain their ends. So they all failed. No insurrection had a popular character or was based on a need of the whole race or fought for human rights or justice, so it left no ineffaceable impressions, but rather when they saw that they had been duped the people bound up their wounds and applauded the overthrow of the disturbers of their peace! But what if the movement springs from the people themselves and based its causes upon their woes?

So then, if the prudence and wise reforms of our ministers do not find capable and determined interpreters among the colonial governors and faithful perpetrators among those whom the frequent perpetrators among those whom the frequent political changes send to fill such a delicate post; if met with the eternal it is out of order, preferred by the elements who see their livelihood in the backwardness of their subjects, it just claims are to go unheeded, as being of a subversive tendency; if the country is denied representation in the Cortes and an authorized voice to cry out against all kinds of abuses, which escape through the complexity of the laws; if in short, the system, prolific in results of alienating the goodwill of the natives, is to continue, pricking his apathetic mind with insults and charges of ingratitude, we can assert that in a few yeas the present state of affairs will have been modified completely -- and inevitably. There now exists a factor which was formerly lacking -- the spirit of the nation has been aroused and a common misfortune, a common debasement has united all the inhabitants of the Islands. A numerous enlightened class now exists within and without the Islands, a class created and continually augmented by the stupidity of certain governing powers, which forces the inhabitants to leave the country, to secure education abroad, and it is maintained thanks to the provocation and the system of espionage in vogue. This class, whose number is cumulatively increasing, is in constant communication with the rest of the Islands, and if today it constitutes only the brain of the country in a few years it will form the whole nervous system and manifest its existence in all its acts.

Now, statecraft has various means at its disposal for checking a people on the road to progress; the brutalization of the masses through a caste addicted to the government, aristocratic, as in the Dutch colonies, or theocratic as in the Philippines; the impoverishment of the country; the gradual extermination of the inhabitants; and fostering of feuds among the races.

Brutalization of the Malayan Filipinos has been demonstrated to be impossible. In spite of the dark horde of friars in whose hands rests the instruction of youth, which miserably wastes years and years in the colleges, issuing therefrom tired, weary and disgusted with books: in spite of the censorship which tries to close every avenue to progress; in spite of all the pupils, confessionals, books, and missals that inculcate hatred toward not only all scientific knowledge but even toward the Spanish language itself; in spite of this whole elaborate system perfected and tenaciously operated by those who wish to keep the Islands in holy ignorance; there exist writers, freethinkers, historians, philosophers, chemists, physicians, artists, and jurists. Enlightenment is spreading and the persecution it suffers quickens it. No, the divine flame of thought is inextinguishable in the Filipino people and somehow or other it will shine forth and compel recognition. It is impossible to brutalize the inhabitants of the Philippines!

May poverty arrest their development? Perhaps, but it is a very dangerous means. Experience has everywhere shown us and especially in the Philippines, that the classes which are better off have always been addicted to peace and order, because they live comparatively better and may be the losers in civil disturbances. Wealth brings with it refinement, the spirit of conservation, while poverty inspires adventurous ideas, the desire to change things and has little care for life. Machiavelli himself held this means of subjecting of a people to be perilous, observing that loss of welfare stirs up more obdurate enemies than loss of life. Moreover, when there are wealth and abundance, there is less discontent, less compliant and the government, itself wealthier, has more means for sustaining itself. On the other hand, there occurs in a poor country what becomes in a house where bread is wanting? And further, of what use to the mother country would a poor and lean colony be?

Neither is possible gradually to exterminate the inhabitants. The Philippine races, like all the Malays, do not succumb before the foreigner, like the Australians, the Polynesians and the Indians of the New World. In spite of the numerous wars the Filipinos have had to carry on, in spite of the epidemics that have periodically visited them, their number has trebled, as has that of the Malays of Java and the Moluccas. The Filipino embraces civilization and lives and thrives in every clime, in contact with every people. Rum, that poison which exterminated the natives of the Pacific islands, has no power in the Philippines, but rather, comparison of their present condition with that described by the earlier historians, makes it appear that the Filipinos have grown soberer. The petty wars with the inhabitants of the south consume only the soldiers, people who by their fidelity to the Spanish flag, far from being a menace, are surely one of its solidest supports.

Three remains the fostering of internecine feuds among the provinces.

This was formerly possible, when communication from one island to another was rare and difficult, when there were not steamers or telegraph lines, when the regiments were formed according to the various provinces, when some provinces were cajoled by awards of privileges and honor and other were protected from the strongest. But now that the privileges have disappeared, that through a spirit of distrust the regiments have been reorganized, that the inhabitants move from one island to another, communication and exchange of impressions naturally increase, and as all see themselves threatened by the same peril and wounded in the same feelings, they clasp hands and make common cause. It is true that the union is not yet wholly perfected, but to this end the measures of good government, the vexations to which the townspeople are subjected, the frequent changes of officials, the scarcity of centers of learning, forces of the youth of all the islands to come together and begin to get acquainted. The journeys to Europe contribute not a little to tighten the bonds, for abroad the inhabitants of most widely separated provinces are impressed by their patriotic feelings, from sailors even to the wealthiest merchants, and at the sight of modern liberty and the memory of the misfortunes of their country, they embrace and call one another brothers.

In short, then, the advancement and ethical progress of the Philippines are inevitable, are decreed by fate.

The Islands cannot remain in the condition they are without requiring from the sovereign country more liberty. Mutatis mutandis. For new men, a new social order.

To wish that the alleged child remain in its swaddling clothes is to risk that it may turn against the nurse and flee, tearing away the old rags that bind it.

The Philippines, then, will remain under Spanish domination, but with more law and greater liberty, or they will declare themselves independent after steeping themselves and the mother country in blood.

As no one should desire or hope for such an unfortunate rupture, which would be an evil for all and only the final argument in the most desperate predicament, let us see by what forms of peaceful evolution the Islands may remain subjected to the Spanish authority, with the very least detriment to the rights, interests and dignity of both parties.

PART THREE: If the Philippines must remain under the control of Spain, they will necessarily have to be transformed in a political sense, for the course of their history and the needs of their inhabitants so required. This we demonstrated in the preceding article.

We also said that this transformation will be violent and fatal if it proceeds from the ranks of the people, but peaceful and fruitful if it emanates from the upper classes.

Some governors have realized this truth, and impelled by their patriotism, have been trying to introduce needed reforms in order to forestall events. But notwithstanding all that have been ordered up to the present time, they have produced scanty results, for the government as well as for the country. Even those that promised only a happy issue have at times caused injury, for the simple reason that they have been based upon unstable grounds.

We said and once more we repeat, and all will ever assert, that reforms, which have a palliative character, are not only ineffectual but even prejudicial when the government is confronted with evils that must be cured radically. And were we not convinced of the honesty and rectitude of some governors, we would be tempted to say that all the partial reforms are only plasters and salves of a physician, who, not knowing how to cure the cancer, and not daring to root it out, tries in this way to alleviate the patient’s sufferings or to temporize with the cowardice of the timid and ignorant.

All the reforms of our liberal ministers were, have been, are, and will be good -- when carried out.

When we think of them, we are reminded of the dieting of Sancho Panza in this Barataria Island. He took his seat at a sumptuous and well-appointed table “covered with fruit and many varieties of food differently prepared,” but between the wretch’s mouth and each dish the physician Pedro Rezio interposed his wand, saying, “Take it away!” The dish removed, Sancho was as hungry as ever. Truth is that the despotic Pedro Rezio gave reasons, which seem to have been written by Cervantes especially for the colonial administrations. “You must not eat, Mr. Governor, except according to the usage and custom of other islands, where there are governors.” Something was found to be wrong with each dish: one was too hot, another too moist, and so on, just like our Pedro Rezio on both sides of the sea. Great good did his cook’s skill do Sancho!

In the case of our country, the reforms take the place of the dishes, the Philippines are Sancho, while the part of the quack physician is played by many persons interested in not having the dishes touched, perhaps that they may themselves get the benefit of them.

The result is that the long suffering Sancho, or the Philippines, misses his liberty, rejects all government and ends up by rebelling against his quack physician.

In this manner, so long as the Philippines have no liberty of the press, have no voice in the Cortes to make known to the government and to the nation whether or not their decrees have been duly obeyed, whether or not these benefit the country, all the able efforts of the colonial ministers will meet the fate of the dishes in Barataria Island.

The minister, then, who wants his reforms to be reforms, must begin by declaring the press in the Philippines free and by instituting Filipino delegates.

The free press in the Philippines, because their complaints rarely ever reach the Peninsula, very rarely, and if they do they are so secret, so mysterious that no newspaper dares to publish them, or if it does reproduce them, it does so tardily and badly.

A government that rules a country from a great distance is the one that has the most need for a free press more so even than the government of the home country, if it wishes to rule rightly and fitly. The government that governs in a country may even dispense with the press (if it can), because it is on the ground, because it has eyes and ears, and because it directly observes what it rules and administers. But the government that governs from afar absolutely requires that the truth and the facts reach its knowledge by every possible channel so that it may weigh and estimate them better, and this need increases when a country like the Philippines is concerned, where the inhabitants speak and complain in a language unknown to the authorities. To govern in any other way may also be called governing, but it is to govern badly. It amounts to pronouncing judgment after hearing only one of the parties; it is steering a ship without reckoning its conditions, the state of the sea, the reefs and shoals, the direction of the winds and currents. It is managing a house by endeavoring merely to give it polish and a fine appearance without watching the money chest, without looking after the servants and the members of the family.

But routine is a declivity down which many governments slide, and routine says that freedom of the press is dangerous. Let us see what History says: uprisings and revolutions have always occurred in countries tyrannized over, in countries where human thought and the human heart have been forced to remain silent.

If the great Napoleon had not tyrannized over the press, perhaps it would have warned him of the peril into which he was hurled and have made him understand that the people were weary and the earth wanted peace. Perhaps his genius, instead of being dissipated in foreign aggrandizement would have become intensive in laboring to strengthen his position and thus have assured it. Spain herself records in her history more revolutions when the press was gagged. What colonies have become independent while they had a free press and enjoyed liberty? Is it preferable to govern blindly or to govern with ample knowledge?

Someone will answer that in colonies with a free press, the prestige of the rulers, that prop of false governments, will be greatly imperiled. We answer that the prestige of the nation is not by abetting and concealing abuses, but by rebuking and punishing them. Moreover, to this prestige is applicable what Napoleon said about great men and their valets. Who endure and know all the false pretensions and petty persecutions of those sham gods, do not need a free press in order to recognize them; they have long ago lost their prestige. The free press is needed by the government, the government which still dreams of the prestige which it builds upon mined ground.

We say the same about the Filipino representatives.

What risks does the government see in them? One of three things, either that they will prove unruly, become political trimmers, or act properly.

Supposing that we should yield to the most absurd pessimism and admit the insult, great for the Philippines but still greater for Spain, that all the representatives would be separatists and that in all their contentions they would advocate separatist ideas; does not a patriotic Spanish majority exist there, is there not present there the vigilance of the governing powers to combat and oppose such intentions? And would not this be better than the discontent that ferments and expands in the secrecy of the home, in the huts and in the field? Certainly the Spanish people does not spare its blood where patriotism is concerned but would not a struggle of principles in parliament be preferable to the exchange of shot in swampy lands, three thousand leagues from home in impenetrable forests, under a burning sun or amid torrential rains? These pacific struggles of ideas, besides being a thermometer for the government, have the advantage of being cheap and glorious, because the Spanish parliament especially abounds in oratorical paladins invincible in debate. Moreover, it is said that the Filipinos are indolent and peaceful -- then what need for government fear? Hasn’t it any influence in the elections? Frankly speaking, it is a great compliment to the separatists to fear them in the midst of the Cortes of the nation.

Now then, if the real objection to the Filipino delegates, is that they smell like Igorots, which so disturbed in open Senate the doughty General Salamanca, then Don Sinibaldo de Mas, who saw the Igorots in person and wanted to live with them, can affirm that they will smell at worst like powder, and Señor Salamanca undoubtedly has no fear of that odor. And if this were all, the Filipinos, who there in their own country are accustomed to bathe every day, when they become representatives may give up such a dirty custom, at least during the legislative session so as not to offend the delicate nostrils of Salamanca with the odor of the bath.

It is useless to answer certain objections of some fine writers regarding the rather brown skins and faces with somewhat wide nostrils. Questions of taste are peculiar to each race. China, for example, which has four hundred million inhabitants and a very ancient civilization, considers all Europeans ugly and calls them “fankwai”, or red devils. Its taste has a hundred million more adherents than the Europeans. Moreover, if this is the question, we would have to admit the inferiority of the Latins, especially the Spaniards, to the Saxons, who are much whiter.

And so long as it is not asserted that the Spanish parliament is an assemblage of Adonises, Antoniuses, pretty boys and other like paragons, so long as the purpose of resorting thither is to legislate and not to philosophize or wonder through imaginary spheres, we maintain that the government ought not to pause at these obligations. Law has no skin nor reason nostrils.

So we see no serious reason why the Philippines may not have representatives. By their institution many malcontents would be silenced, and instead of blaming its troubles upon the government, as now happens, the country would bear them better, for it could at least complain and with its sons among its legislators, would in a way become responsible for their actions.

We are not sure that we serve the true interests of our country by asking for representatives. We know that the lack of enlightenment, the indolence, the egotism, of our fellow countrymen, and the boldness, the cunning and the powerful methods of those who wish their obscurantism, may convert reform into a harmful instrument. But we wish to be loyal to the government and we are pointing out to it the road that appears best to us so that its effort may not come to grief, so that discontent may disappear. If after so just, as well as necessary, a measure has been introduced, the Filipino people are so stupid and weak that they are treacherous to their own interests, then let the responsibility fall upon them, let them suffer all consequences. Every country gets the fate it deserves and the government can say that it has done its duty.

These are the two fundamental reforms, which properly interpreted and applied, will dissipate all clouds, assure affection toward Spain, and make all succeeding reforms fruitful. These are the reforms sine quibus non.

It is puerile to fear that independence may come thorough them. The free press will keep the government in touch with public opinion, and the representatives, if they are, as they ought to be, the best from among the sons of the Philippines, will be their hostages. With no cause for discontent, how then attempt to stir up the masses of the people?

Likewise inadmissible is the obligation offered by some regarding the imperfect culture of the majority of the inhabitants. Aside from the fact that it is not so imperfect as is averred, there is no plausible reason why the ignorant and the defective (whether through their own or another’s fault) should be denied representation to look after them and see that they are not abused. They are the very ones who most need it. No one ceases to be a man, no one forfeits his rights to civilization merely by being more or less uncultured, and since the Filipino is regarded as a fit citizen when he is asked to pay taxes or shed his blood to defend the fatherland why must this fitness be denied him when the question arises of granting him some right? Moreover, how is he to be held responsible for his ignorance, when it is acknowledged by all, friends and enemies that his zeal for learning is so great that even before the coming of the Spaniards every one could read and write, and that we now see the humblest families make enormous sacrifices to the extent of working as servants in order to learn Spanish? How can the country be expected to become enlightened under present conditions when we see all the decrees issued by the government in favor of education meet with Pedro Rezios who prevent execution whereof because they have in their hands what they call education? If the Filipino, then, is sufficiently intelligent to pay taxes, he must also be able to choose and retain the one who looks after him and his interests, with the product whereof he serves the government of his nation. To reason otherwise is to reason stupidly.

When the laws and the acts of officials are kept under surveillance, the word justice may cease to be a colonial jest. The thing that makes the English most respected in their possessions is their strict and speedy justice so that the inhabitants repose entire confidence in the judges. Justice is the foremost virtue of the civilized races. It subdues the barbarous nations, while injustice arouses the weakest.

Offices and trusts should be awarded by competition, publishing the work and the judgment thereon, so that there may be stimulus and that discontent may not be bred. Then, if the native does not shake off his indolence he can not complain when he sees all the offices filled by Castilas.

We presume that it will not be the Spaniard who fears to enter in this contest, for thus will he be able to prove his superiority by the superiority of intelligence. Although this is not the custom in the sovereign country, it should be practiced in the colonies, for the reason that genuine prestige should be sought by means of moral qualities, because the colonizers ought to be, or at least to seem, upright, honest and intelligent, just as a man stimulates virtues when he deals with a stranger. The offices and trusts so earned will do away with arbitrary dismissal and develop employees and officials capable and cognizant of their duties. The offices held by natives, instead of endangering the Spanish domination, will merely serve to assure it, for what interest would they have in converting the sure and stable into the uncertain and problematical? The native is, moreover, very fond of peace and prefers a humble present to a brilliant future. Let the various Filipinos still holding office speak in this matter, they are the most unshaken conservatives.

We could add other minor reforms touching commerce, agriculture, security of the individual and of property, education, and so on, but these are points with which we shall deal in other articles. For the present we are satisfied with the outlines and no one can say that we ask too much.

There will be lacking critics to accuse us of Utopianism: but what is Utopia? Utopia was a country imagined by Thomas Moore, wherein existed universal suffrage, religious toleration, almost complete abolition of the death penalty and so on. When the book was published these things were looked upon as dreams, impossibilities, that is Utopianism. Yet civilization has left the country of Utopia far behind, the human will and conscience have worked greater miracles, have abolished slavery and the death penalty for adultery -- things impossible for even Utopia itself!

The French colonies have their representatives. The question has also been raised in the English parliament of giving representation to the Crown colonies, for the others already enjoy some autonomy. The press there is also free. Only Spain, which in the sixteenth century was the model nation in civilization, lags far behind. Cuba and Puerto Rico, whose inhabitants do not number a third of those of the Philippines, and who have not made such sacrifices for Spain, have numerous representatives. The Philippines in the early days had theirs, who conferred with the King and Pope on the needs of the country. They had them in Spain’s critical moments, when she groaned under the Napoleonic yoke, and they did not take advantage of the sovereign country’s misfortunes like other colonies but tightened more firmly the bonds that united them to be the nation, giving proofs of their loyalty and they continued until many years later. What crime have the Islands committed that they are deprived of their rights?

To recapitulate: the Philippines will remain Spanish if they enter upon the life of law and civilization, if the rights of their inhabitants are respected, if the other rights due them are granted, if the liberal policy of the government is carried out without trickery or meanness, without subterfuges or false interpretations.

Otherwise, if an attempt is made to see in the Islands a lode to be exploited, a resource to satisfy ambitions, thus to relieve the sovereign country of taxes, killing the goose that lays the golden eggs, and shutting its ears to all cries of reasons the, however, great may be the loyalty of the Filipinos, it will be impossible to hinder the operations of the inexorable laws of history. Colonies established to subserve the policy and the commerce of the sovereign country, all eventually become independent said Bachelet, and before Bachelet, all the Phoenician, Carthaginian, Greek, Roman, English, Portuguese, and Spanish colonies have said it.

Close indeed are the bonds that unite us to Spain. Two peoples do not live for three centuries in continual contact, sharing the same lot, shedding their blood on the same fields, holding the same beliefs, worshipping the same God, interchanging the same ideas, but that ties are formed between them stronger than those engendered by affection. Machiavelli, the great reader of the human heart said: la natura degli huomini, e cosi obligarsi pe li beneficii che essi fanno come per quelli che essi ricevono (it is human nature to be bound as much by benefits conferred as by those received). All this, and more, is true but it is pure sentimentality, and in the arena of politics stern necessity and interests prevail. Howsoever much the Filipinos owe Spain, they can not be required to forego their redemption, to have their liberal and enlightened sons wander about in exile from their native land, the rudest aspirations stifled in its atmosphere, the peaceful inhabitants living in constant alarm, with the fortune of the two peoples dependent upon the whim of one man. Spain can not claim, nor even in the name of God himself, that six millions of people should be brutalized, exploited and oppressed, denied light and the rights inherent to a human being and then heap upon them slights and insults. There is no claim of gratitude that can excuse, there is not enough power in the world to justify the offenses against the liberty of the individual, against the sanctity of the home, against the laws, against peace and honor, offenses that are committed three daily. There is no divinity that can proclaim the sacrifice of our dearest affections, the sacrifice of the family, the sacrileges and wrongs that are committed by persons who have the name of God on their lips. No one can require an impossibility of the Filipino people. The noble Spanish people, so jealous of its rights and liberties, cannot bid the Filipinos to renounce theirs. A people that prides itself on the glories of the past cannot ask another, trained by it, to accept abjection and dishonor its own name!

We, who today are struggling by the legal and peaceful means of debate so understand it, and with our gaze fixed upon our ideals, shall not cease to plead our cause, withou t going beyond the pale of the law, but if violence first silences us or we have the misfortune to fall (which is possible for we are mortal) then we do not know what course will be taken by the numerous tendencies that will rush in to occupy the places that we leave vacant.

If what we desire is not realized. . .

In contemplating such an unfortunate eventuality, we must not turn away in horror, and so instead of closing our eyes we will face what the future may bring. For this purpose, after throwing the handful of dust due to Cerberus, let us frankly descend into the abyss and sound its terrible mysteries.

PART FOUR: History does not record in its annals any lasting domination exercised by one people over another, of different races, of diverse usages and customs, of opposite and divergent ideals.

One of the two had to yield and succumb. Either the foreigner was driven out, as happened in the case of Carthaginians, the Moors and the French in Spain, or else these autochthons had to give way and perish, as was the case with the inhabitants of the New World.

One of the longest dominations was that of the Moors in Spain, which lasted seven centuries. But, even though the conquerors lived in the country conquered, even though the Peninsula was broken up into small states, which gradually emerged like little islands in the midst of the great Saracen inundation and in spite of the chivalrous spirit, the gallantry and the religious toleration of the caliphs, they were finally driven out after bloody and stubborn conflicts, which formed the Spanish nation and created the Spain of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.

The existence of a foreign body within another endowed with strength and activity is contrary to all natural and ethical laws. Science teaches us that it is either assimilated, destroys the organism, is eliminated or becomes encysted.

Encystment of a conquering people is possible, for it signifies complete isolation, absolute inertia, and debility in the conquering element. Encystment thus means the tomb of the foreign invader.

Now applying these considerations to the Philippines, we must conclude, as a deduction from all we have said, that if their population be not assimilated to the Spanish nation, if the dominators do not enter into the spirit of their inhabitants, if equitable laws and free and liberal reforms do not make each forget that they belong to different races, or if both peoples be not amalgamated to constitute one mass, socially and politically, homogeneous, that is, not harassed by opposing tendencies and antagonistic ideas and interests some day the Philippines will fatally and infallibly declare themselves independent. To this law of destiny can be opposed neither Spanish patriotism, nor the love of all Filipinos for Spain, not the doubtful future of dismemberment and intestine strife in the Islands themselves. Necessity is the most powerful divinity the world knows, and necessity is the resultant of physical forces set in operation by ethical forces.

We have said and statistics prove that it is impossible to exterminate the Filipino people. And even were it possible what interest would Spain have in the destruction of the inhabitants of a country she can not populate or cultivate, whose climate is to a certain extent disastrous to her? What good would the Philippines be without the Filipinos? Quite otherwise, under her colonial system and the transitory character of the Spanish who go to the colonies, a colony is so much the more useful and productive to her as it possesses inhabitants and wealth. Moreover, in order to destroy the six million Malays, even supposing them to be in their infancy and that they have never learned to fight and defend themselves, Spain would have to sacrifice at least a fourth of her population. This we commend to the notice of the partisans of colonial exploitation.

But nothing of this kind can happen. The menace is that when the education and liberty necessary to human existence are denied by Spain to the Filipinos, then they will seek enlightenment abroad, behind the mother country’s back or they will secure by hook or by crook some advantages in their country with the result that the opposition of purblind and paretic politicians will not only be futile but even prejudicial because it will convert motives for love and gratitude into resentment and hatred.

Hatred and resentment on one side, mistrust and anger on the other, will finally result in a violent terrible collision, especially when there exist elements interested in having disturbances, so that they may get something in the excitement, demonstrates their mighty power, foster lamentations and recriminations, or employ violent measures. It is to be expected that the government will triumph and be generally (as is the custom) severe in punishment, either to teach a stern lesson in order to vaunt its strength or even to revenge upon the vanquished the spells of excitement and terror that the danger caused it. An unavoidable concomitant of those catastrophes is the accumulation of acts of injustice committed against the innocent and peaceful inhabitants. Private reprisals, denunciation, despicable accusations, resentments, covetousness, the opportune moment for calumny, the haste and hurried procedure of the court martials, the pretext of the integrity of the fatherland and the safety of the state, which cloaks and justifies everything, even for scrupulous minds, which unfortunately are still rare and above all the panic-stricken timidity, the cowardice that battens upon the conquered -- all these things augment the severe measures and the number of the victims. The result is that a chasm of blood is then opened between the two peoples that the wounded and the afflicted, instead of becoming fewer, are increased, for to the families and friends of the guilty, who always think the punishment excessive and the judge unjust, must be added the families and friends of the innocent, who see no advantage in living and working submissively and peacefully. Note, too, that if severe measures are dangerous in a nation made up of homogeneous population, the peril is increased a hundred-fold when the government is formed a race different from the governed. In the former an injustice may still be ascribed to one man alone, to a governor actuated by personal malice, and with the death of the tyrant the victim is reconciled to the government of his nation. But in a county dominated by a foreign race, even the most just act of severity is construed as injustice and oppression, because it is ordered by a foreigner, who is unsympathetic or is an enemy of the country, and the offense hurts not only the victim but his entire race, because it is not usually regarded as personal and so the resentment naturally spreads to the whole governing race and does not die out with the offender.

Hence the great prudence and fine tact that should be exercised by colonizing countries, and the fact that government regards the colonies in general and our colonial office in particular, as training schools, contributes notably to the fulfillment of the great law that the colonies sooner or later declare themselves independent.

Such is the descent down which the peoples are precipitated. In proportion as they are bathed in blood and drenched in tears and gall, the colony, if it has any vitality, learns how to struggle and perfect itself in fighting while the mother country whose colonial life depends upon peace and the submission of the subjects, is constantly weakened and even though she makes heroic efforts, as her number is less and she has only a fictitious existence, she finally perishes. She is like the rich voluptuary accustomed to be waited upon by a crowd of servants toiling and planting for him and who on the day his slaves refuse him obedience, as he does not live by his own efforts, must die.

Reprisals, wrongs and suspicions on one part and on the other the sentiment of patriotism and liberty, which is aroused in these incessant conflicts, insurrections and uprisings, operate to generalize the movement and one of the two peoples must succumb. The struggle will be brief, for it will amount to a slavery much more cruel than death for the people and to a dishonorable loss of prestige for the dominator. One of the peoples must succumb.

Spain, from the number of her inhabitants, from the condition of her army and navy, from the distance she is situated from the Islands, from her scanty knowledge of them, and from struggling against a people whose love and goodwill she has alienated, will necessarily have to give way, if she does not wish to risk not only her other possessions and her future in Africa, but also her very independence in Europe. All this is at the cost of bloodshed, and crime, after mortal conflicts, murders, conflagrations, military executions, famine and misery.

The Spaniard is gallant and patriotic, and sacrifices everything in favorable moments, for his country’s good. He has the intrepidity of his bull. The Filipino loves his country no less and although he is quieter, more peaceful and with difficulty stirred up, when he is once aroused he does not hesitate and for him the struggle means death to one or the other combatant. He has all the meekness and all the tenacity and ferocity of his carabao. Climate affects bipeds in the same way that it does quadrupeds.

The terrible lessons and the hard teachings that these conflicts will have afforded the Filipinos will operate to improve and strengthen their ethical nature. The Spain of the fifteenth century was not the Spain of the eighth. With their bitter experience, instead of intestine conflicts of some islands against others, as is generally feared, they will extend mutual support, like shipwrecked persons when they reach an island after a fearful night of storm. Nor may it be said that we shall partake of the fate of the small American republics. They achieved their independence easily and their inhabitants are animated by a different spirit from what the Filipinos are. Besides the danger of falling again into other hands, English or German, for example, will force the Filipinos to be sensible and prudent. Absence of any great preponderance of one race over the others will free their imagination from all mad ambitions of domination, and as they tendency of countries that have been tyrannized over, when they once shake off the yoke, is to adopt the freest government, like a boy leaving school, like the beat of the pendulum or by a law of reaction, the Islands will probably declare themselves a federal republic.

If the Philippines secure their independence after heroic and stubborn conflicts, they can rest assured that neither England or Germany, nor France, and still less Holland will dare to take up what Spain has been unable to hold. Within a few years Africa will completely absorb the attention of the Europeans, and there is no sensible nation which, in order to secure a group of poor and hostile islands, will neglect the immense territory offered by the Dark Continent, untouched, undeveloped and almost undefended. England has enough colonies in the Orient and is not going to sacrifice her Indian Empire for the poor Philippine Islands -- if she had entertained such an intention she would not have restored Manila in 1763, but would have kept some point in the Philippines whence she might gradually expand. Moreover, what need has John Bull the trader to exhaust himself over the Philippines, when he is already lord of the Orient, when he has Singapore, Hong Kong and Shanghai? It is probable the England will look favorably upon the independence of the Philippines, for it will open their ports to her and afford greater freedom to her commerce. Furthermore, there exist in the United Kingdom tendencies and opinions to the effect that she already has too many colonies, that they are harmful, that they greatly weaken the sovereign country.

For the same reasons Germany will not care to run any risk, and because a scattering of her forces and a war in distant countries will endanger her existence on the continent. Thus we see her attitude, as much in the Pacific as in Africa, is confined to conquering easy territory that belongs to nobody. Germany avoids any foreign complications.

France has enough to do and see more of a future in Tongking and China, besides the fact that the French spirit does not shine in zeal for colonization. France loves glory, but the glory and laurels that grow on the battlefields of Europe. The echo from battlefields in the Fear East hardly satisfies her craving for renown, for it reaches her quite faintly. She has also other obligations, both internally and on the continent.

Holland is sensible and will be content to keep the Moluccas and Java. Sumatra offers her a greater future than the Philippines whose seas and coasts have a sinister omen for Dutch expeditions. Holland proceeds with great caution in Sumatra and Borneo, from fear of losing everything.

China will consider herself fortunate if she succeeds in keeping herself intact and is not dismembered or partitioned among the European powers that they are colonizing the continent of Asia.

The same is true with Japan. On the north side she has Russia, who envies and watches her, on the south England, with whom she is in accord even to her official language. She is, moreover, under such diplomatic pressure from Europe that she can not think of outside affairs until she is freed from it, which will not be an easy matter. True it is that she has an excess of population, but Korea attracts her more than the Philippines and is also easier to seize.

Perhaps the great American Republic, whose interests lie in the Pacific and who has no hand in the spoliation of Africa, may dream some day of foreign possession. This is not impossible, for the example is contagious, covetousness and ambition are among the strongest vices, and Harrison manifested something of this sort in the Samoan question. But the Panama Canal is not opened nor the territory of the States congested with inhabitants, and in case she should openly attempt it the European powers would not allow her to proceed, for they know very well that the appetite is sharpened by the first bites. North America would be quite a troublesome rival, if she should once get into the business. Furthermore, this is contrary to her traditions.

Very likely the Philippines will defend with inexpressible valor the liberty secured at the price of so much blood and sacrifice. With the new men that will spring from their soil and with the recollection of their past, they will perhaps strife to enter freely upon the wide road of progress, and all will labor together to strengthen their fatherland, both internally and externally, with the same enthusiasm, with which a youth falls again to tilling the land of his ancestors who long wasted and abandoned through the neglect of those who have withheld it from him. Then the mines will be made to give up their gold for relieving distress, iron for weapons, copper, lead, and coal. Perhaps the country will revive the maritime and mercantile life for which the islanders are fitted by their nature, ability and instincts, and once more free, like the bird that leaves its cage, like the flower that unfolds to the air, will recover the pristine virtues that are gradually dying out and will again become addicted to peace -- cheerful, happy, joyous, hospitable and daring.

These and many other things may come to pass within something like a hundred years, but the most logical prognostication, the prophecy based on the best probabilities, may err through remote and insignificant causes: An octopus that seized Mark Anthony’s ship altered the face of the world; a cross on Calvary and a just man nailed thereon changed the ethics of half the human race, and yet before Christ, how many just men wrongly perished and how many crosses were raised on that hill! The death of the just sanctified his work and made his teaching unanswerable. A sunken road at the battle of Waterloo buried all the glories of two brilliant decades, the whole napoleonic world, and freed Europe. Upon what chance accidents will the destiny of the Philippines depend?

Nevertheless, it is not well to trust to accident, for there is sometimes an imperceptible and incomprehensible logic in the workings of history. Fortunately, peoples as well as governments are subjects to it.

Therefore, we repeat and we will ever repeat, while there is time, and that is better to keep pace with the desire of a people than to give way before them; the former begets sympathy and love, the latter contempt and anger. Since it is necessary to grant six million Filipinos their rights, so that they may be in fact Spaniards, let the government grant these rights freely and spontaneously, without damaging reservations, without irritating mistrust. We shall never tire of repeating this while a ray of hope is left us, for we prefer this unpleasant task to the need of some day saying to the mother country: “Spain, we have sent our youth in serving thy interests in the interests of our country; we have looked to thee, we have expended the whole light of our intellects, all the fervor and enthusiasm of our hearts in working for the good of what was tine, to draw from them a glance of love, a liberal policy and that would assure us the peace of our native land and thy sway over loyal but unfortunate islands! Spain, thou hast remained deaf, and wrapped up in thy pride, hast pursued thy fatal course and accused us of being traitors, merely because we love our country because we tell thee the truth and hate all kinds of injustice. What dost thou wish us to tell our wretched country when it asks about the result of our efforts? Must we say to it that, since for it we have lost everything -- yo
          Things to Do Saturday!   
13 things to do for July 1 by Mercury Staff

The Day Fade
Some Saturdays, you ignore the creeping growth of your dandelion lawn and put any thoughts of self-betterment out of mind. Some Saturdays, you get out of bed late and head to the bar, where there will be drinks, and dancing, and DJs spinning really, really good tunes. The soul needs such Saturdays, and lucky for you this is one of them. DIRK VANDERHART
2 pm, White Owl Social Club, $5


Gaytheist, Nasalrod, Drunk Dad
Gaytheist plays the kind of rock music that’ll pummel your eardrums with the force of a thousand fiery asteroids (in a good way). Tonight the Portland band celebrates the release of their new album, Let’s Jam Again Soon—14 furiously fast tracks that bring new meaning to the word “heavy.” CIARA DOLAN
8 pm, The Know, $10

Bombay Beach, Wave Action, Craig Brown Band
After more than a decade spent fronting various garage punk bands (Terrible Twos, the Mahonies, Liquor Store), Craig Brown is a legitimate Detroit city personality. For instance, the trailer for Drunk History’s Detroit episode features Brown’s ruminations about the city’s lawlessness, punctuated as he yells, “Judas Priest is better than Iron Maiden!” into the cold night. Brown is a funny and memorable character, and that likability translates onto his debut album, The Lucky Ones Forget, from his Third Man Records-backed country project, the Craig Brown Band. It’s a love letter from a punk rocker to Creedence Clearwater Revival, and a surprisingly smooth marriage of Brown’s cut-the-shit songwriting, nasally punk vocal tricks, and honky-tonk slide guitar—all filled out by the warm backing vocal harmonies of the band’s Drinkard sisters. SUZETTE SMITH
8 pm, Turn! Turn! Turn!, $5

Mark Battles, King Kap, Young Tom, Ty Spacely, Kid Jone$, Falling Atmosphere
The fast-rising Indianapolis-hailing rapper, songwriter, producer, and founder of independent record label, Fly America, swings back through Peter's Room at the Roseland for another all ages show supporting his 2016 studio album, Before The Deal.
8 pm, Peter's Room at the Roseland, $20-35, all ages

Gran Ritmos
Portland’s favorite Pan-American dance party Gran Ritmos is kicking off summer’s dog days by inviting Riobamba to headline their next showcase. One of Brooklyn’s most fire DJ acts, Riobamba is a multitalented artist with Ecuadorian and Lithuanian roots who delivers energetic sounds from around the world. In addition to producing her own mixes, she founded the label and creative agency APOCALIPSIS in 2016 to empower the voices of other Latinx artists. Riobamba spent a year in Bogota studying the connections between politics, identity, and digital music production through a Fulbright Scholarship. Her sets integrate a wide variety of audio sources ranging from YouTube clips to underground Panamanian bass to urban field recordings as a means of intentional disruption. Lace up your dancing shoes and get ready for a night of the unexpected. EMILLY PRADO
9 pm, Holocene, $10

Teen Daze, Sam OB
If in some bizarro parallel universe Grouper and Leon met while playing Minecraft, Teen Daze would most likely be the outcome. With EPs like 2010’s Four More Years and Beach Dreams, British Columbia recording artist Jamison Isaak’s building a body of work similar to other young but prolific artists like Alex G or Frankie Cosmos. Since Isaak’s early slow-mo drum-and-bass EDM, Teen Daze has truly developed into mellower but more expansive take on dance music. All of the releases are paired with naturalist album art that could decorate a sleek minimalist coffee shop or the default screensavers for the next generation of Windows. The music itself doesn’t try to stray from this aesthetic, and instead embodies a postmodern simplicity. Though Teen Daze’s fifth LP, Themes for Dying Earth, has a pretty fatalistic name, it moves at a snail’s pace. All of the vocals are awash in reverb, and the keyboard riffs sound like springtime walks through city gardens—secluded enough, but surrounded by the bustle of metropolitan life. CAMERON CROWELL
8 pm, Hawthorne Theatre Lounge, $10-12

Skull Diver, The Dead Ships, Pacific Latitudes
Last month Portland rock trio Skull Diver released Chemical Tomb, an unapologetically dark sophomore album that wanders with a zombie's sinister drive between proggy riffage, pop swagger, and stoner metal haze, exploring shadowy corners while never quite settling into a groove. The record is united not just by this densely curated sense of disquiet, all fuzzy guitars and cavernous organs, but by a gripping melodicism and singer Mandy Payne's nimble voice floating over the darkness—less ethereal and more a foreboding siren's call. Two covers round out the second half, Nick Drake’s “Parasite” and the Violent Femmes’ “Good Feeling,” both evidence of Skull Diver’s flexible mastery over their expansive sound. It’s not the most cohesive album, but anyone who likes their music on the heavy side will find something to enjoy. NATHAN TUCKER
9 pm, Bunk Bar, $7

Reds, Whites & Brews
Breakside’s new Slabtown brewpub hosts a Fourth of July weekend kick-off party with help from some of their buddies in the beverage industry. Enjoy live music from the Kinky Brothers, wine from Archery Summit, A-Z Winery, Cooper Mountain Vineyards, Clay Pigeon, Patton Valley, Chehalem, Elk Cove, and Ponzi Winery, and brew from the likes of pFriem, Culmination, Commons, Deschutes, Double Mountain, Great Notion, Upright, Migration, Occidental, Gigantic, Ninkasi, Widmer, and Portland Cider Company, all while supporting the Children’s Cancer Association & New Avenues for Youth.
2 pm, Breakside Brewery, $15, all ages

Pink Martini
Pianist Thomas Lauderdale and his legendary Portland-based jazz and classical pop ensemble, featuring co-lead vocalists China Forbes and Storm Large, return to the Edgefield lawn for a picturesque evening show in the setting Summer sun.
7 pm, Edgefield, $35, all ages

Avenue Q
Triangle Productions brings back their staging (tonight's the last night!) of the Tony Award-winning comedy/musical about racism, homophobia, homelessness, unemployment, and finding the purpose to life, but with puppets. No children under 17 admitted unless accompanied by adult due to all of the puppet fucking.
7:30 pm, The Sanctuary at Sandy Plaza, $15-35

Fit for an Autopsy, Moon Tooth, Tombs
Read reviews of Moon Tooth’s 2016 album Chromaparagon and you’ll find lots of references to prog-minded metal (or hard rock) bands like Rush, Mastodon, the Dillinger Escape Plan, Meshuggah, and Tool. Far less often do critics cite the New York band’s irrepressible interest in funk- and jazz-metal, which is on full display on Chromaparagon’s eye-popping opening track, “Queen Wolf.” Here, Moon Tooth sounds like Living Colour and (gulp) the Red Hot Chili Peppers. Add in the quartet’s interest in whiplash rhythms and highly technical playing, and you’ve got quite a concoction of influences widely considered “uncool” in the 21st century. But Moon Tooth makes it work by playing its showy, shifty jazz-funk-prog-thrash-metal with such absolute power and awe-inspiring precision, you just can’t help but be impressed. (The band’s knack for finding a melody in its maelstrom doesn’t hurt, either.) BEN SALMON
6 pm, The Analog Cafe & Little Theater, $13, all ages

Timbaland + Pharrell: A Tribute
A DJ night dedicated to two of the most unique hip-hop producers of the late '90s and early 2000s, featuring Duncan Gerow, B Hammer'd, and Anechoic touching on all the best beats that both Timbaland and Pharrell turned out in their heyday.
9 pm, O'Malley's Saloon & Grill, $3

Death of Glitter: Island of the Misfits!
This month, the "Genderf#ck Cabaret for a Cause" benefits Brave Space with misfit-themed performances from Anastasia Euthanasia, Darcy Blows, Draven, Marla Darling, Prince Peanut-Butter, Lioness, Miss Pamela Voorhees, Mars, Clare Apparently, Poly-Amithyst, The Glam King, BeElzzaBub Doll, and more. Featuring dance music from DJ Cat Lady.
9 pm, Paris Theater, $7-10

Don't forget to check out our Things To Do calendar for even more things to do!

[ Comment on this story ]

[ Subscribe to the comments on this story ]


          10 for $10: The Best Bang for Your Buck Shows, June 30-July 2   
by Mercury Staff

Gran Ritmos
Portland’s favorite Pan-American dance party Gran Ritmos is kicking off summer’s dog days by inviting Riobamba to headline their next showcase. One of Brooklyn’s most fire DJ acts, Riobamba is a multitalented artist with Ecuadorian and Lithuanian roots who delivers energetic sounds from around the world. In addition to producing her own mixes, she founded the label and creative agency APOCALIPSIS in 2016 to empower the voices of other Latinx artists. Riobamba spent a year in Bogota studying the connections between politics, identity, and digital music production through a Fulbright Scholarship. Her sets integrate a wide variety of audio sources ranging from YouTube clips to underground Panamanian bass to urban field recordings as a means of intentional disruption. Lace up your dancing shoes and get ready for a night of the unexpected. EMILLY PRADO
Jul 1, 9 pm, Holocene, $10


Gaytheist, Nasalrod, Drunk Dad
Gaytheist plays the kind of rock music that’ll pummel your eardrums with the force of a thousand fiery asteroids (in a good way). Tonight the Portland band celebrates the release of their new album, Let’s Jam Again Soon—14 furiously fast tracks that bring new meaning to the word “heavy.” CIARA DOLAN
Jul 1, 8 pm, The Know, $10

Ralph Lawson, Tripwire
With a career spanning two decades and an influential off-kilter style that stays ahead of the curve, Jay Tripwire never fails to impress. He’s one of the most prolific house and techno producers around, with over 200 vinyl releases to date. His versatile mixes reveal keen sensibilities that can make a believer out of even the harshest of dance music critics. Ralph Lawson is a legend in his own right, and widely regarded as one of the best house music DJs in the world. His record label, 2020Vision, showcases a well-rounded catalog that gives interesting insights into electronic music’s ever-changing landscape over the last 20 years. These two heavyweights will perform an outdoor daytime concert at the White Owl Social Club to allow for maximum sunshine fun time. CHRISTINA BROUSSARD
Jul 2, 2 pm, White Owl Social club, $10

Gardener, On Drugs, Monsterwatch, FLRT
The Chicago-based Gardener trucks in equally hazy and often beautiful melodies that take cues from early electronic pioneers like Charles Wuorinen and Tangerine Dream, while giving some of his work an extra layer of distance between the listener and the heartfelt creator by recording onto hissy cassettes and using noisy, shortwave-radio-frequency tones. ROBERT HAM
Jul 2, 9 pm, Twilight Cafe & Bar, $8

Lithics, Tender Age, Mattress, Media Jeweler
Lithics minimalist post-punk pulses and chirps, manically pushing forward and pulling back, while building insistent loops before pretending to fall apart, as vocalist Aubrey Hornor brings an understated, bordering-on-spoken-word nonchalance. This restraint, at least on record, keeps the tension high, while also keeping something bubbling below the surface, waiting. JOSHUA JAMES AMBERSON
Jun 30, 9 pm, The Fixin' To, $7

Skull Diver, The Dead Ships, Pacific Latitudes
Last month Portland rock trio Skull Diver released Chemical Tomb, an unapologetically dark sophomore album that wanders with a zombie's sinister drive between proggy riffage, pop swagger, and stoner metal haze, exploring shadowy corners while never quite settling into a groove. The record is united not just by this densely curated sense of disquiet, all fuzzy guitars and cavernous organs, but by a gripping melodicism and singer Mandy Payne's nimble voice floating over the darkness—less ethereal and more a foreboding siren's call. Two covers round out the second half, Nick Drake’s “Parasite” and the Violent Femmes’ “Good Feeling,” both evidence of Skull Diver’s flexible mastery over their expansive sound. It’s not the most cohesive album, but anyone who likes their music on the heavy side will find something to enjoy. NATHAN TUCKER
Jul 1, 9 pm, Bunk Bar, $7

The Day Fade
Some Saturdays, you ignore the creeping growth of your dandelion lawn and put any thoughts of self-betterment out of mind. Some Saturdays, you get out of bed late and head to the bar, where there will be drinks, and dancing, and DJs spinning really, really good tunes. The soul needs such Saturdays, and lucky for you this is one of them. DIRK VANDERHART
Jul 1, 2 pm, White Owl Social Club, $5

The Thermals
Portland pop-punk stalwarts the Thermals aim to spice up your Fourth of July weekend on the cheap with a 5-dollar show at the Doug Fir Lounge. Deathlist and Loveboys provide support.
Jul 2, 9 pm, Doug Fir, $5

Bombay Beach, Wave Action, Craig Brown Band
After more than a decade spent fronting various garage punk bands (Terrible Twos, the Mahonies, Liquor Store), Craig Brown is a legitimate Detroit city personality. For instance, the trailer for Drunk History’s Detroit episode features Brown’s ruminations about the city’s lawlessness, punctuated as he yells, “Judas Priest is better than Iron Maiden!” into the cold night. Brown is a funny and memorable character, and that likability translates onto his debut album, The Lucky Ones Forget, from his Third Man Records-backed country project, the Craig Brown Band. It’s a love letter from a punk rocker to Creedence Clearwater Revival, and a surprisingly smooth marriage of Brown’s cut-the-shit songwriting, nasally punk vocal tricks, and honky-tonk slide guitar—all filled out by the warm backing vocal harmonies of the band’s Drinkard sisters. SUZETTE SMITH
Jul 1, 8 pm, Turn! Turn! Turn!, $5

Ice Queens, And And And, Ah God
Local indie rock shredders Ice Queens return to Rontoms for their second Sunday Session of the year, this time in celebration of the release of their self-titled debut album.
Jul 2, 8:30 pm, Rontoms, free

[ Comment on this story ]

[ Subscribe to the comments on this story ]


          Phytopanama Daily Balancing Shampoo For Oily Scalps 200ml    

Phyto Phytopanama Daily Balancing Shampoo is rich in Quillaja Bark extract which helps regulate excessive sebum production. Quillaja Bark is rich in saponins and known for its oil absorbing qualities. It is also one of few 100% natural cleansers. Phytopanama Daily Balancing Shampoo is gentle enough for everyday use. Hair is left fuller and softer.

Price: £13.50 Special Price: £11.65


          El ICIJ, ganador del Pulitzer, recibe a ocho nuevos periodistas de América Latina   

Ocho periodistas latinoamericanos forman parte de los nuevos miembros del Consorcio Internacional de Periodistas de Investigación (ICIJ, por sus siglas en inglés), la red transnacional de investigación detrás de la conocida como Panama Papers o los Papeles de Panamá.

leer más


          DestinationCoupons.com Announces the Top Spring Break Destinations for Travelers on a Tight Budget   

DestinationCoupons.com offers free coupons and exclusive offers to College Students and families traveling this Spring Break to warm up in Miami, Orlando, Las Vegas, Myrtle Beach, Panama City Beach, St. Augustine, and Pigeon Forge.

(PRWeb March 27, 2014)

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/03/prweb11707866.htm


          GASTRONOMÍA. El cebiche peruano: Patrimonio Cultural de la Nación   

En el Antiguo Perú, en la época de la Cultura Moche, hace dos mil años se preparaba este plato a base de pescado fresco que se cocinaba con el jugo fermentado de tumbo. Posteriormente, con la presencia hispánica se añadieron dos ingredientes de la costumbre culinaria mediterránea: la naranja agria y la cebolla. Así nació nuestro Cebiche.

El cebiche, también escrito como ceviche, seviche o sebiche, es un plato consistente en carne marinada en aliños cítricos, siendo los más comunes preparados a base de pescado, mariscos o ambos. Diferentes versiones del cebiche forman parte de la culinaria de los países latinoamericanos litorales del Océano Pacífico, como son Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, México, Nicaragua, Panamá y Perú, siendo este último el probable país de origen.
El cebiche peruano
El Perú es probablemente el único país del mundo en donde el ceviche es considerado por su población como parte de la identidad nacional, siendo un plato de amplio consumo y además venerado como elemento central de su gastronomía, al punto de haber sido declarado formalmente como Patrimonio Cultural de la Nación y catalogado por los peruanos como el plato que mejor representa a su país. Su historia se remonta a épocas precolombinas.
El Limón peruano es único en el mundo

Historia
En el Antiguo Perú, en la época de la Cultura Moche, hace dos mil años se preparaba este plato a base de pescado fresco que se cocinaba con el jugo fermentado de tumbo (Passiflora tripartita var. mollisima), una fruta de origen local. Durante el Imperio incaico, el pescado era macerado con chicha. Diferentes crónicas reportan que a lo largo de la costa peruana se consumía el pescado con sal y ají.
Posteriormente, con la presencia hispánica se añadieron dos ingredientes de la costumbre culinaria mediterránea: la naranja agria y la cebolla. Juan José Vega en su obra indica que las mujeres moriscas que llegaron con Francisco Pizarro reunieron el jugo de naranjas agrias, el ají, el pescado y algas locales derivando en un nuevo plato llamado sibech, que en lengua árabe significa "comida ácida".
El investigador Jaime Ariansen indica que en 1820 se menciona este plato en una canción popular titulada “La Chicha” donde los soldados independentistas entonaban: El cebiche, venga la guatia en seguida, que también convida y excita a beber.... Esta canción fue escrita por José Bernardo Alcedo y José de la Torre Ugarte, autores del himno nacional del país.
Durante el siglo XIX era común la escritura de “seviche” con “s”.
Manuel Atanasio Fuentes escribe en una crónica de 1866 que "Las comidas eminentemente nacionales son los picantes que con tanto placer saborea la plebe...pero el picante más picante, el que más lágrimas arranca (después de los celos) es el seviche". El mismo autor ya había señalado en una crónica de 1860 que la preparación del seviche se realizaba en ese entonces con trozos de pescado, ají, sal y zumo de naranjas agrias. Otro testimonio de época es presentado por Juan de Arona, quien en 1867 daba a conocer el siguiente verso: Quereis que mi musa cante / por lo menos decante, / En un oportuno espiche, / Las delicias del picante / Y del peruano seviche?
A mediados del siglo XX, apareció en Lima una nueva forma de hacer ceviche, cambiando la naranja agria por el limón sutil y reduciendo el tiempo de marinado. Esta receta se impuso posteriormente como estilo en la capital.
Origen
Existen diversas interpretaciones con relación al origen de este plato. Debido a la procedencia marina de su principal ingrediente (pescado), algunas teorías lo sitúan en la gastronomía de los pueblos indígenas de las costas pacíficas de Sudamérica, en la zona del actual Perú (en las cercanías de Trujillo, Chiclayo, Piura y Lima). Según fuentes históricas peruanas, el ceviche se habría originado en primer lugar en la cultura Moche,en el litoral de su actual territorio hace más de dos mil años.
Asimismo, algunos renombrados representantes de la culinaria internacional se han referido también el origen peruano del cebiche, destacando entre ellos chef chileno Cristopher Carpentier, quien identifica a este plato como oriundo del Perú, así como el reconocido chef español Ferran Adriá, quien afirmó lo siguiente:
“El cebiche nació en el Perú, por lo que el auténtico y genuino es el peruano”.
Según reconocidos representantes de la cocina internacional, el Cebiche es 
netamente de origen peruano.

Etimología y origen
Para la etimología de la palabra ceviche, se han establecido diferentes hipótesis. Ambas academias de la lengua, la peruana y la española, difieren en sus posiciones. La Academia Peruana de la Lengua sigue la hipótesis propuesta porFederico More en un artículo publicado en el diario El Comercio en el año 1952, que señala que cebiche vendría de la palabra “cebo”. Este argumento se basa en que el término “cebo” durante el siglo XVI era empleado para designar a las comidas en tono despectivo o diminutivo según su pequeño valor o pequeño tamaño (por ejemplo, bocadillos “de comer y llevar”); entonces se habría dado al plato el nombre de “cebiche” debido al pequeño tamaño de los trozos en que se cortaba el pescado. La lingüista y académica peruana Martha Hildebrandt en su Diccionario de peruanismos refiere a la productividad del sufijo de origen mozárabe -iche. La Real Academia Española se ciñó a esta etimología en su diccionario de 1984 en adelante. En 1992 sugiere en su diccionario que la voz cebichepodría tener la misma etimología de escabeche,esto es un método de conservar viandas en medios ácidos, como el vinagre, de donde resulta el escabeche preparado en España. Sobre esta hipótesis, el uso del término “dejar escabechar” se empleaba en los recetarios peruanos del siglo XIX para referirse al periodo de cocción del pescado a base de jugo de naranja agria. En el recetario La cocina ecléctica de la argentina Juana Manuela Gorriti, del año 1890, aparece la mención de “déjeseles escabechar” en este sentido.
Al Limón no se le exprime, se le acaricia.

Según el geógrafo e historiador peruano Javier Pulgar Vidal, el nombre seviche viene de la palabra quechua "siwichi", cuyo significado sería pescado fresco o pescado tierno. Una hipótesis propone que las palabras siwichi y sikbaǧ se confundieron durante la conquista del Imperio Inca por los españoles.
Investigaciones del historiador Juan José Vega, sugieren como origen de la palabra "ceviche" al término árabe sibech. En éstas relata cómo las mujeres moriscas tomadas como botín de guerra por las huestes de los Reyes Católicos en Granada mezclaban zumo de naranja agria, y después jugo de limón, al pescado crudo.
Tipos de ceviche
Ceviche de pescado: Es el tipo más común de ceviche que consiste en cortar trozos de pescado en forma de cuadrado y mezclarlos con limón y sal. La preparación se puede complejizar según el gusto del comensal. Mayormente, el ceviche se prepara con el filé del pescado pero también se hace con partes que poseen huesos, como es típico en la región de Piura con el ceviche de caballa.
Muestra de las diferentes variedades de nuestro Cebiche

Variedades de pescado utilizadas:
lenguado, pejerrey, caballa, bonito, mero, tollo, perico, trucha, entre otros.
Ceviche mixto: El ceviche mixto es aquel plato culinario que contiene los mismos ingredientes que el ceviche normal, al cual se le han agregado diversos mariscos o pescados y se lo puede acompañar con camote o bien decorándolo con hojas de lechugas.
Ceviche de conchas negras: Es un plato típico de las costas de Tumbes hecho a base de las conchas negras (Anadara tuberculosa) y amarinado de la manera clásica con limón de Chulucanas, sazonado en cebolla roja, ajo, aji y finalmente rocoto peruano. Se acompaña con chifles (plátano frito en rodajas finamente cortadas), zarandaja o canchita (maíz tostado).
Ceviche de camarones: Típico de la región de Arequipa.
Ceviche de pulpo: La preparación es similar a la del ceviche de pescado, sólo hay que considerar que el pulpo debe ser tierno o en su defecto se le pasa por agua hervida para suavizar su carne.
Chinguirito: El chinguirito se hace a base de pescado seco (típicamente guitarra) en tiras sazonado al cual se le agrega el limón y leche de tigre.
Ceviche de champignones: Es popular en restaurantes gourmet de Lima, se elabora a base de setas.
Ceviche de chochos: Se elabora a base del tarwi, un producto oriundo de los andes. También conocido como “ceviche de Ancash” o “ceviche serrano”.
El Cebiche de chocho o Cebiche serrano

Ceviche de criadillas:
Típico de la región de Cajamarca, se elaboran con criadillas de carnero joven.
Platos derivados
Tiradito: Es una variante del ceviche de pescado. La diferencia está en el corte de la carne, que se hace en finas láminas, a modo de carpaccio o sashimi. La preparación es algo más simple, omitiendo la cebolla y agregándole crema de ají amarillo o rocoto. En otros casos salsa de olivo y ajo. Se acompaña con choclo cocido desgranado o entero, chifles o cancha serrana.
Leche de tigre, de monja y de pantera: Son preparaciones basadas en el líquido resultante de la preparación del ceviche. La “leche de tigre” se prepara a base de cebiche hecho con pescado de carne blanca, la “leche de pantera” a base de cebiche de pescado y de conchas negras, y la “leche de monja” a base de cebiche de mariscos. Se sirven puros o mezclados con trozos de pescado, mariscos y cancha serrana.
Acompañamientos
Las guarniciones consideradas van variando de región en región. En Lima, Chimbote y Trujillo los acompañamientos más comunes son el choclo, la cancha serrana, camote hervido en agua, el yuyo, y hojas de lechuga. Más al norte, en Tumbes, Piura y Chiclayo se suele acompañar con zarandajas y también con chifles. También suele incluirse yuca hervida, esto es más común en zonas amazónicas. En Sullana se acompaña el ceviche con galletas de agua.
La canchita serrana es el perfecto acompañamiento del Cebiche

RECETA:
Chef Felix Picasso (Hotel Marriott)
INGREDIENTES:
Para una persona.
200 gr. filete de pescado
170 gr. limón
4 gr, rocoto
5 gr. Culantro
40 gr. Cebolla roja
100 gr., de camote
10 gr. sal de mesa
5 gr., pimienta blanca
53 gr.choclo entero
36 gr. cancha serrana
PREPARACIÓN:
Cortar en láminas y poner sal en un bowl el filete de pescado, ponerle sal y pimienta
En un tazón poner apio, kion (poco) ajos, culantro, rocoto y cebolla, machucarlos un poco hasta que revienten, exprimir el limón sobre ellos y dejarlo por un par de minutos.
Poner el jugo sobre el pescado de a pocos mezclándolo bien, agregar la cebolla, el rocoto picado y el culantro.
RECOMENDACIÓN:
Para hacer un buen ceviche deben tratar primero de poner sal al pescado o marisco que se va a preparar.
Luego el limón se debe agregar de a pocos.
La cebolla (cuando preparo ceviche en mi casa prefiero no lavar la cebolla, porque me gusta la fuerza de su sabor).
Rocoto, su sabor es mejor que el del ají­ limo y debemos agregar una buena cantidad de culantro.
Fuentes: Algunos datos fueron tomados de www.es.wikipedia.org
VÍDEO: (Preparación de un Cebiche Mixto)
   
Anuncios:

          Biografi Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono   
Foto Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono


Nama : Jenderal TNI (Purn) Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Lahir : Pacitan, Jawa Timur, 9 September 1949
Agama : Islam
Jabatan : Presiden Republik Indonesia ke-6
Istri : Kristiani Herawati, putri ketiga (Alm) Jenderal (Purn) Sarwo Edhi Wibowo
Anak : Agus Harimurti Yudhoyono dan Edhie Baskoro Yudhoyono
Ayah : Letnan Satu (Peltu) R. Soekotji
Ibu : Sitti Habibah

Pendidikan :
* Akademi Angkatan Bersenjata RI (Akabri) tahun 1973
* American Language Course, Lackland, Texas AS, 1976
* Airbone and Ranger Course, Fort Benning , AS, 1976
* Infantry Officer Advanced Course, Fort Benning, AS, 1982-1983
* On the job training di 82-nd Airbone Division, Fort Bragg, AS, 1983
* Jungle Warfare School, Panama, 1983
* Antitank Weapon Course di Belgia dan Jerman, 1984
* Kursus Komando Batalyon, 1985
* Sekolah Komando Angkatan Darat, 1988-1989
* Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenwort, Kansas, AS
* Master of Art (MA) dari Management Webster University, Missouri, AS

Karier :

* Dan Tonpan Yonif Linud 330 Kostrad (1974-1976)
* Dan Tonpan Yonif 305 Kostrad (1976-1977)
* Dan Tn Mo 81 Yonif Linud 330 Kostrad (1977)
* Pasi-2/Ops Mabrigif Linud 17 Kujang I Kostrad (1977-1978)
* Dan Kipan Yonif Linud 330 Kostrad (1979-1981)
* Paban Muda Sops SUAD (1981-1982)
* Komandan Sekolah Pelatih Infanteri (1983-1985)
* Dan Yonif 744 Dam IX/Udayana (1986-1988)
* Paban Madyalat Sops Dam IX/Udayana (1988)
* Dosen Seskoad (1989-1992)
* Korspri Pangab (1993)
* Dan Brigif Linud 17 Kujang 1 Kostrad (1993-1994)
* Asops Kodam Jaya (1994-1995)
* Danrem 072/Pamungkas Kodam IV/Diponegoro (1995)
* Chief Military Observer United Nation Peace Forces (UNPF) di Bosnia-Herzegovina (sejak awal November 1995)
* Kasdam Jaya (1996-hanya lima bulan)
* Pangdam II/Sriwijaya (1996-) sekaligus Ketua Bakorstanasda
* Ketua Fraksi ABRI MPR (Sidang Istimewa MPR 1998)
* Kepala Staf Teritorial (Kaster ABRI (1998-1999)
* Mentamben (sejak 26 Oktober 1999)
* Menko Polsoskam (Pemerintahan Presiden Abdurrahman Wahid)
* Menko Polkam (Pemerintahan Presiden Megawati Sukarnopotri) mengundurkan diri 11 Maret 2004

Penugasan : Operasi Timor Timur 1979-1980 dan 1986-1988

Penghargaan :

* Adi Makayasa (lulusan terbaik Akabri 1973)
* Tri Sakti Wiratama (Prestasi Tertinggi Gabungan Mental Fisik, dan Intelek), 1973
* Satya Lencana Seroja, 1976
* Honorour Graduated IOAC, USA, 1983
* Satya Lencana Dwija Sista, 1985
* Lulusan terbaik Seskoad Susreg XXVI, 1989
* Dosen Terbaik Seskoad, 1989
* Satya Lencana Santi Dharma, 1996
* Satya Lencana United Nations Peacekeeping Force (UNPF), 1996
* Satya Lencana United Nations Transitional Authority in Eastern Slavonia, Baranja, and Western Sirmium (UNTAES), 1996
* Bintang Kartika Eka Paksi Nararya, 1998
* Bintang Yudha Dharma Nararya, 1998
* Wing Penerbang TNI-AU, 1998
* Wing Kapal Selam TNI-AL, 1998
* Bintang Kartika Eka Paksi Pratama, 1999
* Bintang Yudha Dharma Pratama, 1999
* Bintang Dharma, 1999
* Bintang Maha Putera Utama, 1999
* Tokoh Berbahasa Lisan Terbaik, 2003
* Bintang Asia (Star of Asia) dari BusinessWeek, 2005
* Bintang Kehormatan Darjah Kerabat Laila Utama dari Sultan Brunei
* Doktor Honoris Causa dari Universitas Keio, 2006

Referensi : http://kolom-biografi.blogspot.com/2009/06/biografi-presiden-susilo-bambang_10.html
          Miss Perú Mundo 2006 en competencia de ropa de baño   

(RPP Noticias)

Las aspirantes al cetro de Miss Mundo que este año se celebra en Polonia participaron en una competencia para elegir el Mejor Cuerpo del concurso de belleza, título que ganó la venezolana Alexandra Federica Guzmán Diamante. La elección se realizó en el Hotel Normadski en el ciudad de Gdynia, a las orillas del Mar Báltico.

Aunque Miss Perú Mundo 2006 Silvia Cornejo causó buena impresión durante su desfile, no logró clasificar entre las 20 mejores y esculturales figuras. Las seleccionadas en la edición 56 de este certamen fueron: Angola, Canadá, Colombia, República Checa, India, Irlanda, Italia, Nigeria Panamá, Filipinas, Polonia, Puerto Rico, Rumania, Escocia, Singapur, Eslovenia, España, Suecia y Venezuela.
Como ganadora Miss Venezuela clasifica directamente como una de las 16 semifinalistas que disputaran el titulo de Miss Mundo 2006, que se realizará en la sala Krongresowa del Palacio de la Cultura y Ciencia de la ciudad de Varsovia el día 30 de setiembre

Federica es una experimentada modelo venezolana y conductora de un programa de televisión y fue electa de emergencia por la organización Miss Venezuela en un pequeño evento donde sólo compitieron seis beldades.


          Of action of a provide    
A supply chain, likewise titled a hand over web is a set of contacts that consists of people, organizations, activities, resources, and content to remove a goods or employ from the source to the client. All endow trammel tyro near the silt of raw materials and encompass further links of amount produced such as the construction of components, their senate and merger, earlier the goods is affected for holding and other processes, until that time in the end reach the consumer.The nation neck-deep and the goings-on of a secure fasten develop raw materials and some other components into a ended product, which is in the end delivered to the consumer. However, it is eminent to details that companies, no business how big they are in size, do not rule the full course of action of a provide series. Companies glean takings solitary if their hand tie up is recovered managed.This way to plan, instrumentation and monitor the everyday processes of a provide secure. It is in actuality to hang on to a track of accessibility of raw materials, their process into complete products, and before i go their statistical distribution finished the endow chain, if managed wisely, would convey honour to the company and heighten its business, since it would after be able to trade in a precise glorious level of satisfaction to the consumers.Post ads:Raider Snowmobile Balaclava Face Mask / Barack Obama 44th President Cufflinks : Collectable : / Classic Retro Clear Transparent Crystal Frame Wayfarer / Deluxe Straw Hat-Natural / Original Turtle Fur - Turtle Band, Fleece Headband / Fox Racing Sunglasses The Study Cinder Red/Grey (42-207) / Gucci 2844 glasses / Armani Exchange Glitter Logo Belt / Bolle Performance Warrant Sunglasses (Plating / Leopard Animal Print Scarf - BROWN (50"x76" XLarge Scarf) / HAVANA FEDORA Vented Panama NATURAL Straw Hat / TrendsBlue Premium Elegant Leopard Animal Print FringeIn recent times, endow shackle have become a small-scale much complex than since and their bringing together is now undertaken by the upper-level regulation of the organization. Their finding on the provide tie up is crucial and body are bound to hug to their decisions to bring out more or less ratio in the indefinite quantity tie up.
          Empresa china, HKND reitera que construirá canal interoceánico en Nicaragua   

El proyecto del canal interoceánico de Nicaragua, tres veces más largo que el canal Panamá, “continúa su curso” en los planes de la concesionaria china HKND, aunque no tiene fecha para iniciar su construcción. Tras meses de silencio, HKND emitió un comunicado en el cual afirma que el proyecto “continúa su curso” y que “está […]

La entrada Empresa china, HKND reitera que construirá canal interoceánico en Nicaragua aparece primero en CB24 Noticias Centroamérica.


          En una semana: WebConfLatino 2013   
En una semana se estará llevando a cabo el WebConf LATINO edición 2013, el cual es considerado el evento de social media, tecnologías y negocios más prestigioso de Centro América. Este año llega nuevamente a Panamá con un fuerte enfoque en social media y casos de éxito de su uso en los negocios. Hace dos años tuve … Continúa leyendo En una semana: WebConfLatino 2013
          How the US Came to Take an Active Role in War and Torture in Latin America   

Proxy War and Surrogate Terror: How the US Came to Take an Active Role in War and Torture in Latin America

Thursday, June 29, 2017 By John W. Dower, Haymarket Books | Book Excerpt 
Soldiers conduct a static line jump in the Colombian National Training Center on Fort Tolemaida, August 31, 2011. (Photo: The US Army)Soldiers conduct a static line jump in the Colombian National Training Center on Fort Tolemaida, August 31, 2011. (Photo: The US Army)
Although US involvement in torture focused on the Iraq War in the last decade, the United States has had a long involvement by proxy with torture and the killing of peasants and Indigenous peoples in Latin America. In this excerpt from his book, Dower describes the US role in facilitating death and destruction in Latin and South America over the past few decades.
The long and generally shameful history of US overt and covert interventions in South and Central America traces back to the turn of the twentieth century. Before World War II, these incursions, commonly in defense of US business interests, even involved protracted military occupations of Nicaragua (1912-33) and Haiti (1915-34). During the Cold War, intervention was more covert, but just as unrelenting. John Coatsworth, a distinguished scholar of Latin American economic and international history, calculates that between 1948 and 1990 the US government "secured the overthrow of at least twenty-four governments in Latin America, four by direct use of US military forces, three by means of CIA-managed revolts or assassinations, and seventeen by encouraging local military and political forces to intervene without direct US participation, usually through military coups d'état."
Notorious among these postwar intrusions was the overthrow of democratically elected governments in Guatemala (1954), Brazil (1964), and Chile (1973). Nothing, however, obsessed North Americans looking south more than the political event Washington was unable to manipulate: the Cuban revolution that deposed the dictator Fulgencio Batista in the opening days of 1959. This Marxist revolution in the Caribbean was compounded by the alarming nuclear missile crisis of 1962, when the United States discovered Soviet missiles being installed in Cuba. From then on, planners in Washington and their right-wing allies throughout Latin America used the rationale of "preventing another Cuba" to justify clamping down on dissident domestic movements across the board, from militant Marxist agitators to socialists and liberals to anyone critical of the status quo or engaged in working to alleviate misery among the rural and urban poor.
A mid-1960s US congressional investigation reported having "found concrete evidence of at least eight plots involving the CIA to assassinate [Cuban leader] Fidel Castro from 1960 to 1965." This was grist for cloak-and-dagger media reports. More difficult to grasp, or even see, was the sustained manner in which police states south of the border secretly coordinated their crackdowns on critics of all stripes, invariably in the name of anticommunism and invariably with the support of the United States.
A decisive step in this support took place in 1963, when the administration of President John F. Kennedy tasked the army's School of the Americas (SOA), established in 1946 and initially located in Panama under a different name, with training South and Central American military officers and police in counterintelligence and counterinsurgency. The SOA's classes were conducted mostly in Spanish. By the end of the century, the school had trained around fifty-five thousand officers plus roughly four thousand police and civilians from some twenty-two or twenty-three countries. A striking number of its graduates were to become prominent leaders in the "dirty wars" that would ravage Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Peru, El Salvador, Ecuador, Honduras, Panama, and Nicaragua. Along the way, the SOA acquired such derisive sobriquets as School of Assassins, School of Dictators, School of Coups.
Taking sides in dirty wars was typical of the proxy conflicts that engaged the United States and Soviet Union worldwide and shredded the so-called Long Peace of the Cold War. In Latin America, this mostly involved the United States extending funding, training, organizational and operational advice, weapons, logistical intelligence, and the like to authoritarian regimes engaged in "counter-subversive" activities, as well as to right-wing movements dedicated to subverting reformist and left-wing governments. Washington thus found itself supporting state terror on the one hand and violence and terror against the state on the other.
The top-secret South American transnational campaign of state-sponsored terror known as Operation Condor was a beneficiary of covert US support of the former sort. Dating from the late 1960s and formally consolidated in 1975, Condor involved collaborative cross-border intelligence, apprehension, abduction, rendition, interrogation, torture, assassination, and extrajudiciary execution operations among dictatorial regimes in the "Southern Cone" nations of Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia, later joined by Ecuador and Peru. Upwards of fifty thousand to sixty thousand individuals appear to have been killed or "disappeared" in Condor-directed actions in the 1970s and 1980s, with countless thousands imprisoned and, in many cases, tortured. More than a few victims were exiles who had fled their native countries and were engaging in human rights campaigns as refugees.
The targets of this collaborative state terror extended beyond armed militants and avowed Marxists to include anyone associated with criticizing the existing right-wing regimes or advocating social justice. This was spelled out not just in the back rooms of ruling juntas, but also in training provided by the CIA and SOA. We have a clearer picture of this tutelage from instructional materials disclosed over the course of the 1980s and 1990s that became collectively identified in the media as "torture manuals." In these dense manuals, many of them translated into Spanish, "insurgent" and "guerrilla" were the words commonly used to stigmatize critics or dissidents. Terrorism and the Urban Guerrilla, a teaching guide introduced to SOA classes in Spanish in 1987, expresses this succinctly: "Examples of hostile organizations or groups are paramilitary groups, labor unions, and dissident groups." Another SOA manual, Handling of Sources, is even more expansive: "The CI [counterintelligence] agent should consider all organizations as possible guerrilla sympathizers. ... By infiltrating informants in the diverse youth, workers, political, business, social and charitable organizations, we can identify the organizations that include guerrillas among their members." Elsewhere in the instructional guides the identification of explicit targets is extended to refugees, political parties, peasant organizations, intellectuals, teachers and students, universities, priests and nuns, and so on. One appalling quotation translated from a torture manual identifies target groups as "religious workers, labor organizers, student groups, and others in sympathy with the cause of the poor."
Upon assuming power in 1981, the Reagan administration stepped into this violent world with unrestrained ardor and callous indifference to actual conditions on the ground. Despite much evidence to the contrary, the enemy was reaffirmed to be monolithic communism, directed from Moscow and spearheaded by its Cuban apprentice. As 1980s policymakers saw it, the threat was especially dire in Central America. Guatemala, where brutal repression had taken place ever since the CIA coup in 1954, was subjected to continued special attention. El Salvador and Nicaragua also became targets of fervent counterinsurgency -- and insurgency -- campaigns. In El Salvador, the "anticommunist" agenda involved supporting a dictatorial regime against any and all opponents. In Nicaragua, the situation was reversed. There, the Reagan administration devoted almost evangelical energy to nurturing and supporting the Contras, a terrorist "guerrilla" campaign against the left-wing Sandinista government that in 1979, with considerable popular support, had overthrown the brutal, US-supported Somoza family dictatorship that dated back to 1936.
Disclosure of classified texts and other disturbing information pertinent to covert US activity in Central America took place sporadically but frequently between the mid-1980s and mid-1990s. Much of this focused on the sensational (and farcical) Reagan-era "Iran-Contra" scandal that broke open in 1986 and involved a convoluted plot to obtain funds for the right-wing insurgents in Nicaragua by using Israel as an intermediary to sell weapons to fundamentalist and anti-American Iran for use in its war with Iraq (to which the United States was also providing support). The less remembered CIA and SOA written materials that surfaced during these years existed at a low level in the hierarchy of covert activity and were not policy documents, but for good reason they also caused a stir. They provide a glimpse into the mindset behind anticommunist covert activities, and a graphic case study of what "exporting Americanism" in this last decade of the Cold War involved at ground level.
The first significant instructional manual to come to public attention was a guide in Spanish prepared by the CIA for the Contras. Titled Psychological Operations in Guerrilla Warfare in the original English draft, this eighty-nine-page text was greeted with shock in the United States when exposed by journalists in 1984. After introducing it as "a primer on insurgency, a how-to book in the struggle for hearts and minds," for example, Time magazine went on to observe: "Some of the 'techniques of persuasion' are benign: helping the peasants harvest crops, learn to read, improve hygiene. Others are decidedly brutal: assassination, kidnaping, blackmail, mob violence. It could be a manual for the Viet Cong or the Cuban-backed rebels in El Salvador. If it were, the Administration would likely be waving it as proof of the thesis about the sources of insidious world terrorism."
Complementing Psychological Operations and also exposed in 1984 was another CIA Spanish-language project: a cartoon booklet airdropped into Nicaragua. Titled (in the English translation) The Freedom Fighter's Manual, this was as crude and pedestrian as Psychological Operations was vicious, but still disturbing in its own way as an exercise in low-level terrorist activity. It instructed citizens in scores of acts of vandalism (cutting cables, sabotaging machinery, putting dirt or water in gasoline tanks, setting fires, freeing farm animals, and so on) that might help bring the left-wing Sandinista government to its knees.
The torture manuals, which came to belated public attention in the 1990s, consisted of seven Spanish-language SOA texts, totaling 1,169 pages. These were distributed to military officers in eleven South and Central American countries between 1987 and 1991 and also used by instructors in School of the Americas classes. The manuals reflected teaching materials used since 1982, when the Reagan administration dismissed the human rights concerns tentatively initiated during the Carter presidency. These SOA resources were complemented by two CIA "counterintelligence" manuals -- one recycled from 1963, and one dated 1983 that essentially replicated this.

TRUTHOUT PROGRESSIVE PICK


The Violent American Century: War and Terror Since World War II
How has the United States shaped the face of modern warfare?

Click here now to get the book!


While the torture manuals open a small window onto Washington's pervasive disregard for democracy, human rights, and the rule of law when it came to covert activities, they also cast light in other directions. One is the care taken to ensure a measure of plausible deniability about what was really being promoted. Rhetorically, this was done with euphemisms and genuflections to propriety: death squads were referred to as "Freedom Commandos" and "Freedom Fighters," for example, and slogans like fighting for "God, Homeland, and Democracy" were promoted. Procedurally, a measure of plausible deniability was obtained by directing CIA and SOA activity largely to pedagogy rather than actual hands-on violence -- without calling attention to the fact that this involved teaching right-wing military, paramilitary, and police forces how to most efficiently engage in infiltration, interrogation, torture, terror, and "neutralization" of perceived enemies.
Once these various manuals became public, Washington's predictable machinery of "public diplomacy" went into motion. The SOA teaching guides were declared "inconsistent with U.S. policy." The school's course offerings also were said to include respect for human rights. "Objectionable and questionable" passages amounted to no more than two dozen -- and in any case were nothing more than a "mistake" made by some misguided junior officer working from "outdated intelligence materials." Problematic statements had "escaped oversight." "A few bad apples" were involved in promoting, or practicing, torture. And in any case, excesses had been "corrected."
This was, as all spin is, disingenuous. The manuals were indeed wordy -- they are numbing to read -- but what SOA teachers emphasized and their students found most engaging was precisely what caused these materials to be called torture manuals. This was confirmed by Major Joseph Blair, a covert operative who (like remorseful members of the nuclear priesthood and repentant tell-all CIA agents) ultimately came in from the cold. Blair had held a responsible position administering the CIA-led Phoenix assassination program during the Vietnam War, and in the early 1980s had moved on to the SOA, where he assisted the creator of the controversial manuals in the classroom. Interviewed in 1997, after having retired in 1989, he described "primarily using manuals which we used during the Vietnam War in our intelligence-gathering techniques. The techniques included murder, assassination, torture, extortion, false imprisonment."
Turning to the argument that objectionable passages were but a minuscule part of the 1,100-plus pages of SOA instructional materials, Blair pointed out that "the officers who ran the intelligence courses used lesson plans that included the worst materials contained in the seven manuals. Now they say that there were only eighteen to twenty passages in those manuals in clear violations of US law. In fact, those same passages were at the heart of the intelligence instruction." As for the claim that SOA instructors took care to teach human rights, he noted that this amounted to a few hours and was roundly regarded by instructors and students alike as a joke.
Copyright (2017) of John W. Dower. Not to be reprinted without permission of the publisher, Haymarket Books.

JOHN W. DOWER

John W. Dower is professor emeritus of history at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His many books include War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War and Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War Two, which have won numerous prizes including the Pulitzer, the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle award.  His latest book, The Violent American Century: War and Terror Since World War Two(Dispatch Books), has just been published.


              Oferta viajar China en Julio,Agosto y Septimbre 12 Dias   
    venta de Turismo en Panamá | Oferta viajar China en Julio,Agosto y Septimbre 12 Dias – busca o
              Panama-registered ship captain, 2 crew members taken into custody   

    The captain and two crew members of a Panama-registered merchant ship, that recently collided with an Indian boat killing two fishermen, have been taken into custody, Kerala coastal police said tonight.

    The post Panama-registered ship captain, 2 crew members taken into custody appeared first on The Financial Express.


              Ronald Acuña Jr. será el único criollo en el Juego de Estrellas del Futuro   
    El patrullero varguense Ronald Acuña Jr., uno de los principales prospectos venezolanos en las menores en este momento, será el único criollo presente en el Juego de Estrellas del Futuro esta temporada, anunció MiLB.com a través de un reporte de prensa.

    El jardinero de los Tiburones de La Guaira, a quien comparan en Atlanta con un joven Andruw Jones, ex estrella de la franquicia, ya va por Doble A y amenaza con adelantar su fecha de llegada a las Grandes Ligas, a fuerza de batazos.

    Este es apenas el tercer torneo en el exterior para el recluta, que comenzó la zafra en Clase A avanzada y batea entre ambas categorías para .304/.356/.474, con 8 jonrones y 30 bases robadas.

    La República Dominicana vuelve a dominar, como es tradición, el equipo Resto del Mundo que se medirá contra la novena de Estados Unidos, el domingo antes de Juego de Estrellas de las Grandes Ligas.

    Los quisqueyanos tienen 10 representantes, por tres de Cuba, dos de Colombia y uno cada uno de Venezuela, Haití, Brasil, México, Panamá y Puerto Rico.


              The Latest: Retailers issue warnings after cyberattack   

    In this Jan. 31, 2014, file photo of A.P. Moller-Maersk containers on a ship in the Panama Canal. Hackers Tuesday June 27, 2017 caused widespread disruption across Europe, hitting Ukraine especially hard.


              Congress is as close as it’s been in a while to reconsidering U.S. war policy   

    With little fanfare and even less warning, Congress on Thursday took a step forward in tackling something it has failed to touch over the last 16 years: the legal basis for ongoing U.S. military action abroad.

    The House of Representatives’ Defense Appropriations committee, which oversees funding for the U.S. military, surprised Capitol Hill by advancing language in its spending bill that would end the current authorization of military force, or AUMF, which has been used to justify U.S. military actions in several countries in the wake of the September 11th attacks.

    That move would force Congress to debate and consider a new legal foundation for U.S. military efforts, from drone strikes on terrorist compounds in Yemen to missile strikes against Bashar al-Assad’s regime in Syria — whether that’s a new authorization of military force, or even a declaration of war.

    Dissatisfaction has long simmered on both sides of the aisle over using the post-9/11 AUMF to justify ongoing U.S. military activity — especially without any open congressional debate on it.

    The fate of the provision is uncertain, and there’s more than one way that GOP leadership could strike it. Whatever happens, it represents a new frontier in Congress’ debates about presidential authority to wage war, and Minnesota members of Congress on both sides of the aisle are broadly supportive of the measure.

    A long-standing justification for war

    The language in the amendment, introduced by California Democratic Rep. Barbara Lee, is straightforward. It repeals the current AUMF, and the authorization would be void 240 days after the amendment is enacted into law.

    That would give Congress the better part of a year to debate, consider, and adopt a new legal framework for U.S. military action overseas.

    For most of its history, when it wanted to take military action, Congress would pass a declaration of war, which it has done 11 times against nine countries in U.S. history. Since World War II, Congress has not passed a full declaration of war; instead, it has enacted AUMFs, which provided the basis for the Vietnam War and the First Gulf War.

    In Korea, Bosnia, and Panama, U.S. presidents used legislation giving them authority to intervene militarily on the basis of United Nations Security Council resolutions.

    The most recent AUMF was passed in the aftermath of September 11, and it has justified all U.S. military activity overseas ever since, with the exception of the Iraq War, which Congress authorized with a separate resolution.

    The text of the document is simple: it authorizes the president to “use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determined planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred in September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons.”

    The text states that this authority is granted in order to prevent future acts of terrorism in the U.S. by these entities, and the document specifies out no expiration date for this justification for military action.

    Most immediately, the AUMF authorized the beginning of the War on Terror, as the U.S. took military action against al-Qaeda and the Taliban in several countries. (Lee, the sponsor of the amendment, is famous as being the House’s lone vote against that AUMF, which passed three days after 9/11.)

    But the 9/11 AUMF’s flexibility continued to be of use to commanders-in-chief: it has been used to justify strikes against targets in a group of countries, including Libya, Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. It has also been used as a justification for action against the Islamic State, a current rival and former ally of al Qaeda, though ISIS itself came into existence long after 9/11.

    In 2013, Barack Obama did make some effort to seek authorization for military action against Syria for its use of chemical weapons. A resolution advanced out of the Senate Foreign Relations committee, but it failed to gain broader support in Congress, and Obama declined to take action against Syria without it.

    Bipartisan support for a new basis for war

    When Lee’s amendment was approved by voice vote in the Defense Appropriations Subcommittee on Thursday, some members were so happy that they reportedly clapped and cheered. It represents the first time since the 9/11 AUMF passage that this kind of language has advanced in a meaningful way in the legislative process.

    Democratic and Republican members of Congress have gradually grown dissatisfied with the past three presidential administrations, from George W. Bush to Obama and now Donald Trump, using the 9/11 AUMF as justification for new military action.

    Historically, the enthusiasm for a new AUMF or a declaration of war has been with anti-war progressives and constitutional conservatives, both wary of executive overreach. But recently, as U.S. targets have shifted to include ISIS and now the Syrian military, more voices on both sides have expressed a desire for at least a debate on a new set of parameters for U.S. military action.

    Lee has been a tough and persistent advocate for this position for years; Politico reports that this work ultimately won over some of her colleagues, including the Appropriations Chair, New Jersey GOP Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen, to her side in the unexpected vote to advance the measure. Democratic and Republican aides alike expressed real surprise that Thursday’s news happened at all.

    Fourth District Rep. Betty McCollum, who sits on this committee, said in a statement that she supported it “because it is long past time for Congress to have a debate on this critical issue. After 16 years, we owe it to the men and women serving in the military, and to all Americans, to have a full and complete discussion and a floor vote on a new authorization.”

    First District Rep. Tim Walz, the top Democrat on the House Veterans’ panel, agreed, saying in a statement he fully supports the amendment to “force congressional debate on our most solemn constitutional duty,” adding that a debate and vote on a new AUMF should occur “as soon as possible.”

    Minnesota’s Republicans all joined Democrats in hailing Thursday’s developments. Second District Rep. Jason Lewis praised it most strongly. “It’s the role of Congress to give the executive authorization to use military force,” he said, arguing the current AUMF “should not be considered a perpetual grant of war powers.”

    “America’s sons and daughters should not be sent into harm’s way without serious debate by those chosen to represent them,” Lewis said.

    Third District Rep. Erik Paulsen said the AUMF discussion is “definitely warranted” and that he looks forward to the debate.

    Sixth District Rep. Tom Emmer has taken action on this topic before: in 2015, after ISIS terror attacks in Paris, he introduced legislation to declare war on the terrorist state. Generally, he believes that a war declaration, not an AUMF, is the proper way to pursue military action.

    Emmer told MinnPost that he hadn’t studied the amendment in full yet, but welcomed the discussion. “There shouldn’t be a carte blanche… there’s a reason why we have Congress,” he said.

    Plenty of obstacles ahead

    Though the bipartisan progress on the AUMF amendment is clear, there are still plenty of ways that it could fail.

    There are important holdouts who could exercise their power to kill the amendment. Rep. Kay Granger, a Texas Republican, chairs the Defense Appropriations subcommittee, and she opposes it on the grounds that it would cripple U.S. efforts to combat terrorism.

    The House Rules Committee could strike the amendment before the defense spending bill gets to the floor for a vote by deeming it “out of order,” if the GOP majority, which wields the rules panel’s power, decides to.

    If the language does make it to the House floor, a lawmaker could file an amendment to strike Lee’s amendment, and members could vote in favor of that, or against the entire spending bill if there was enough support to maintain the current AUMF without any debate.

    If the bill does pass with the AUMF language, the Senate would need to agree to it, too — another potential way it could fail, though bipartisan support exists in the upper chamber for a new AUMF. President Donald Trump could also veto the bill on those grounds, though the stakes would be high, since the amendment is attached to legislation that funds the entire U.S. military and Department of Defense.

    According to Emmer, the will to have the AUMF debate is growing within the GOP. “It’s a discussion that has actually started within the general conference about what is the right way to do this,” he said. “It’s time to have the discussion.”

    Fifth District Rep. Keith Ellison was more cynical. In a statement, he ventured that Republicans might be allowing the debate now because “they’re finally coming to terms with the fact that their president is an immature, disinterested, petulant child… even the most ideological among the GOP realize that giving a man like that the authority to make war when and where he pleases without congressional oversight is a bad idea.”

    At any rate, with Lee’s amendment part of must-pass defense spending legislation, someone will have to take action to strip it. Even if that happens, it’ll be further than the proponents for a new basis for U.S. war have gotten in over a decade.


              DERECHO DE DEFENSA Y MEDIOS DE PRUEBA, primera parte   
    DERECHO DE DEFENSA Y MEDIOS DE PRUEBA EN AMÉRICA LATINA[1] (primera parte)
    [1] Ponencia presentada en el Congreso Internacional sobre Problemas Modernos y Complejos de la Prueba en el Proceso Penal, celebrado en la Universidad Jaime I del 23 al 25 de octubre de 2006 en Castellón, España.

    José María Tijerino Pacheco
    Ex Fiscal General de la República de Costa Rica
    Consultor internacional en sistemas de justicia penal
    Abogado en ejercicio ante los Tribunales de la República de Costa Rica
    jmtijerinopacheco@gmail.com

    1.- Introducción
    El derecho de defensa es fundamental en la estructuración de un debido proceso penal, como lo es el principio de contradicción, o contradictorio, en el proceso en general. Aunque no llega a identificarse con este principio, que lo comprende y lo excede, porque la defensa penal hace referencia sólo a la actividad o deliberada inactividad de una de las partes del proceso, en este caso el imputado y su defensor, el derecho de defensa es la más relevante consecuencia del contradictorio en el proceso penal, dado que sólo cabe hablar de proceso en materia penal cuando se otorga al imputado todo ese cúmulo de derechos que posibilitan que pueda contrarrestar la actividad de persecución llevada a cabo por la policía, el ministerio público o fiscal, el acusador particular e inclusive el juez de instrucción, en los sistemas donde aún subsiste este persecutor.
    Habida cuenta de la importancia de la prueba en el proceso, es natural que sea en este terreno donde se pueda medir con mayor precisión en qué grado concede el derecho de defensa un determinado sistema de justicia penal. Cuesta imaginar un ordenamiento jurídico en Occidente que no proclame de manera solemne en su Constitución el derecho de defensa, o país que no haya suscrito y ratificado su adhesión a convenciones internacionales donde dicho derecho es consagrado, pero sería una ingenuidad considerar que eso es suficiente para dar por sentado que se garantiza una defensa eficaz. Por desdicha, la defensa es escamoteada con harta frecuencia limitando el acceso a la prueba en su doble vertiente: acceso a la prueba de cargo, para controlar su recepción y poder contradecirla, y acceso a la prueba de descargo, para hallarla y hacerla llegar al juzgador.

    Para determinar a cabalidad cuál es la situación en los países iberoamericanos no puede ser suficiente un estudio de sus ordenamientos en materia procesal penal. En el subcontinente es endémico el divorcio entre el deber ser y el ser, entre lo prescrito por la ley y la práctica judicial. Habría que examinar concienzudamente su jurisprudencia, y no sólo la de las cortes supremas de justicia, sino también la de los tribunales inferiores. Habría que conocer las experiencias de los abogados defensores, y no sólo de los que ejercen en las metrópolis, sino también de los del interior de cada país. Habría que consultar estudios estadísticos, por desgracia escasos y, en muchas ocasiones, poco fiables.
    Lamentablemente, no han estado a nuestro alcance tales posibilidades. De allí que debamos limitar nuestro campo de estudio a lo prescrito en los códigos que regulan el proceso penal en cada unos de los países de América Latina sobre la participación de la defensa en la búsqueda y producción de la prueba.
    Pero, como paso previo, estimamos preciso examinar si y cómo los distintos códigos de la región establecen el principio de necesidad de la prueba, “inapreciable garantía para la libertad y los derechos del individuo” en palabras de DEVIS ECHANDÍA[1], porque de muy poca utilidad resultaría cualquier regulación de la forma de producir las pruebas si los jueces pudieran olímpicamente prescindir de ellas al socaire de una mal entendida libertad. En materia penal el principio se contrae a la prueba de cargo, dado que, en virtud de la presunción de inocencia que ampara al imputado, no hay ninguna necesidad o exigencia de prueba para absolver.
    Debemos examinar también la declaración del imputado y sus garantías, o la falta de éstas, en cada uno de los códigos objeto de nuestro estudio, porque, independientemente de la naturaleza que la doctrina reconozca a ese acto procesal, medio de defensa, medio de averiguación o medio de prueba, lo cierto es que la admisión de los cargos por el imputado contribuirá de manera determinante a dar por demostrados los hechos de la imputación y afectará rotundamente el ejercicio de la defensa.
    En el tema del acceso a la prueba de cargo examinaremos tres aspectos:
    a) El acceso oportuno de la defensa a las actuaciones de la etapa de investigación;
    [1] Teoría general de la prueba judicial, 4ª ed., t. I, Medellín (Col.), Ed. Diké, 1993, pág. 151.

    a) La participación de la defensa en los actos de producción de prueba antes del juicio, y,
    b) El derecho del imputado y su defensor a confrontar a los testigos y peritos de cargo.
    Por último, analizaremos las facilidades u obstáculos para que le defensa pueda acceder a la prueba de descargo y aportarla al juicio.
    Los códigos que a continuación cotejaremos son los siguientes, en orden alfabético del nombre de los países:
    Argentina: Código Procesal Penal de la Nación, de 1991;
    Bolivia: Código Procesal Penal, de 1999;
    Brasil: Código de Processo Penal, de 1941;
    Chile: Código Procesal Penal, de 2000;
    Colombia: Código de Procedimiento Penal, de 2004;
    Costa Rica: Código Procesal Penal, de 1996;
    Cuba: Ley de Procedimiento Penal, de 1977;
    Ecuador: Código de Procedimiento Penal, de 2000;
    El Salvador: Código Procesal Penal, de 1996;
    Guatemala: Código Procesal Penal, de 1992:
    Honduras: Código Procesal Penal, de 1999;
    México: Código Federal de Procedimientos Penales, de 1934;
    Nicaragua: Código Procesal Penal de la República de Nicaragua, de 2001;
    Panamá: Código Judicial (Libro Tercero: Proceso Penal), de 1987;
    Paraguay: Código Procesal Penal, de 1998;
    Perú: Código Procesal Penal, de 2004;
    República Dominicana: Código Procesal Penal, de 2002;
    Uruguay: Código del Proceso Penal, de 1997, y,
    Venezuela: Código Orgánico Procesal Penal, de 1998.

    2.- Necesidad de la prueba de cargo para condenar
    a) Consideraciones previas Si bien es difícil encontrar en cualquier ordenamiento procesal una disposición que expresamente autorice a los jueces a resolver al margen de la prueba y, más aún, en contra de la prueba, hay quienes han prohijado interpretaciones como la que del artículo 741 de la Ley de Enjuiciamiento Criminal española se hizo hasta época muy reciente, en el sentido de que la apreciación de la prueba en conciencia significa para el juez libertad irrestricta en esa actividad y exclusión del deber de motivar la sentencia. De esa pretendida libertad no hay sino un paso a la facultad del juez de resolver con base en su conocimiento privado, o, peor aún, con base en sus prejuicios.
    Lo cierto es que la mención de la conciencia en el contexto de la valoración de la prueba da pie para interpretar que los motivos de la decisión deben quedar en el fuero interno del juez, como las razones del veredicto del jurado. Pero esa interpretación no se compadece con los principios de un estado de derecho, en el cual el ejercicio del poder debe encontrar justificación racional y debe ser transparente en su motivación.
    Por eso fue más acertado un código costarricense de hace casi cien años, el Código de Procedimientos Penales de 1910, que en su artículo 102 disponía que uno de los requisitos de la sentencia definitiva era la declaración concreta de los hechos que el tribunal tuviera por probados “citándose indispensablemente el elemento o elementos de prueba que los demuestren”.
    El deber de decidir con fundamento en la prueba y el deber de motivar están íntimamente entrelazados, y no debe haber en la sentencia ninguna aseveración del juez respecto al cuadro fáctico que no encuentre adecuado respaldo en algún medio de prueba. No es admisible librar ningún extremo de la motivación de la sentencia del deber del juez de exteriorizarlo mediante palabras, porque sólo lo que es posible verbalizar puede ser admitido como racional, valga decir, como digno de sustentar la decisión judicial. Todo lo inexpresable es sospechoso de irracionalidad, de simple emotividad. De allí el refrán que dice que a ideas claras corresponden palabras claras.
    Hay otra forma de quebrantar el principio de necesidad de la prueba, y es la de reconocerle valor probatorio a aquello que no participa de la naturaleza de la prueba. Tal es el caso, por ejemplo, del parte policial, al que la Ley Antimaras de El Salvador, de 1 de octubre de 1983, atribuía carácter de prueba testimonial (art. 34).
    Desde un punto de vista meramente formal, podrá el legislador decir que el parte policial, la denuncia o el rumor público son prueba, e incluso agregar que son prueba suficiente o plena prueba de cargo. Pero tal imposición no significará otra cosa que el atropello al principio de necesidad de la prueba. Se tratará de prescindir de la prueba o de sustituirla por lo que razonablemente no puede ser admitido como tal. SENTÍS MELENDO señalaba ha ya mucho tiempo que “se prueban afirmaciones”. “Lo que se prueba –especificaba- es la exactitud, la bondad de las afirmaciones”[1]. El parte policial, la denuncia y el rumor público tienen en común su naturaleza de afirmación, concepto distinto del concepto de prueba en tanto y en cuanto ésta tiene por objeto aquélla. Son afirmaciones esos tres conceptos porque aseguran o dan por ciertos los hechos a los que se refieren. Dar por cierto no significa probar, sino expresar un criterio subjetivo, cuya exactitud o correspondencia con la realidad aún no ha sido demostrada. La demostración de toda afirmación de interés para el proceso sólo puede producirse mediante verdaderos medios de prueba.
    ¿Estará el juez obligado a tener como prueba aquello que es señalado como tal por la ley, aunque no tenga esa naturaleza? Si bien el juez no debe adoptar una actitud de rebeldía ante la ley, desconocerla, el principio de libre apreciación de la prueba, sana crítica, criterio racional o como queramos llamarle a la potestad judicial de apreciar la prueba haciendo uso de la razón, es la vía de escape del juzgador ante esta celada legislativa. Sin desconocer la ley, sin cuestionarla siquiera, puede el juez en ejercicio de su libertad negarle poder de convicción a la pseudoprueba creada por la norma.
    En cuanto al defensor, debe éste rechazar de forma categórica la condición de prueba de lo propuesto como tal sin serlo, y exigir que se aporten al juicio verdaderos medios de prueba, para poder confrontarlos como demanda el derecho de defensa, o se absuelva al imputado por ausencia de pruebas de cargo.

    b) Presencia del principio en los códigos
    De muy diversas formas establecen los códigos iberoamericanos el principio de necesidad de la prueba. Los códigos de El Salvador y Honduras lo plantean desde su primer artículo, en el marco del principio de necesidad del proceso o de juicio previo, al precisar que la sentencia firme, que es condición sine qua non para ser condenado a una pena o sometido a una medida de seguridad, debe ser precedida por la prueba de los hechos en un juicio oral y público. Otra forma de sancionar el principio en cuestión es en el contexto de la presunción de inocencia, como lo hace el código colombiano en su artículo 7º, al señalar que, como consecuencia de esa presunción, “corresponderá al órgano de la persecución penal la carga de la prueba acerca de la responsabilidad penal”, y al culminar expresando: “Para proferir sentencia condenatoria deberá existir convencimiento de la responsabilidad penal del acusado, más allá de toda duda”. De

    [1] Naturaleza de la prueba, en La prueba. Los grandes temas del derecho probatorio, Buenos Aires, Ediciones Jurídicas Europa-América, 1979, pág. 38.

    manera diáfana se deduce que ese convencimiento deberá derivar de la prueba presentada por el órgano de la persecución.
    El código salvadoreño aprovecha el enunciado de la presunción de inocencia para reiterar el principio de necesidad de la prueba, ya expuesto en el primero de sus artículos, como habíamos vimos. En su artículo 4 se separa de la fórmula más corriente de la presunción de inocencia, que es la de hacer referencia al establecimiento o declaración de la culpabilidad, responsabilidad o punibilidad, sin mención alguna de la prueba (Honduras, art. 2; Nicaragua, art. 2; Costa Rica, art. 9; Guatemala, art. 14; República Dominicana, art. 14; Venezuela, art. 8; Ecuador, art. 4; Bolivia, art. 6º; Paraguay, art. 4; Uruguay, art. 4º), para declarar que toda persona se presumirá inocente “mientras no se pruebe su culpabilidad…”.
    Un tercer código que halla oportunidad en la enunciación de la presunción de inocencia para los efectos dichos es el de Perú, que en su artículo II señala que esa situación procesal del imputado se mantiene “mientras no se demuestre lo contrario”. Idea que engarza con la frase que sigue en el texto a la formulación estricta de la presunción de inocencia, en la que se advierte una clara resonancia de la reciente doctrina española de la “mínima actividad probatoria”: “Para estos efectos, se requiere de una suficiente actividad probatoria de cargo, obtenida y actuada con las debidas garantías procesales”.
    También la Ley de Procedimiento Penal de Cuba abriga en la presunción de inocencia el principio de necesidad de la prueba, al agregar a la exposición de aquélla, en el artículo 3, la terminante sentencia de que “Todo delito debe ser probado independientemente del testimonio del acusado, de su cónyuge y de sus familiares hasta el cuarto grado de consanguinidad y segundo de afinidad”. Concluye el precepto diciendo: “En consecuencia, la sola declaración de las personas expresadas no dispensará de la obligación de practicar las pruebas necesarias para la comprobación de los hechos”.
    Es natural que sea en las regulaciones generales de la prueba donde encontremos abundantes manifestaciones del principio en cuestión. Bajo el claro epígrafe de “Fundamentación probatoria de la sentencia”, el código de Nicaragua establece en su artículo 191 que la sentencia sólo podrá ser fundamentada en la prueba lícita producida en el juicio oral y público o incorporada a él conforme a las disposiciones de ese código.

    Un poco menos directos son en este punto los códigos de Uruguay y Ecuador. El primero de ellos dispone en su artículo 132: “No se podrá dictar sentencia condenatoria sin que obre en el proceso plena prueba, de la que resulte racionalmente la certeza del delito y de la responsabilidad del imputado”. El código ecuatoriano preceptúa en su artículo 85, bajo el epígrafe de “Finalidad de la prueba”: “La prueba debe establecer tanto la existencia de la infracción como la responsabilidad del imputado”.
    Tangencialmente toca el código chileno el principio que nos ocupa al disponer en su artículo 296 cuál es el momento de producción de la prueba: “La prueba que hubiere de servir de base a la sentencia deberá rendirse durante la audiencia del juicio oral”[1].
    Siempre en el ámbito de la prueba, el código de Guatemala, en su artículo 181, y el de Costa Rica, en su artículo 180, hacen referencia tácita al principio al enfatizar el deber de objetividad del ministerio público y los tribunales en la averiguación de la verdad, para lo cual deben valerse dichos órganos de los medios de prueba.
    El código de Panamá es uno de los más escuetos en el extremo que analizamos. La única norma que encontramos de la cual puede inferirse el principio de necesidad de la prueba es el artículo 2073, que indica cómo se “comprueba” el hecho punible y de inmediato menciona la prueba pericial, las deposiciones de testigos, los “indicios, medios científicos o cualquier otro medio racional que sirva a la formación de la convicción del juez”. Como se ve, la norma da por sentado que la convicción del juez debe formarse con base en la prueba.
    También hay referencia implícita al principio en algunos de los códigos al fijar las reglas de valoración probatoria. El código de Chile, por ejemplo, dice en el tercer párrafo de su artículo 297: “La valoración de la prueba en la sentencia requerirá el señalamiento del o de los medios de prueba mediante los cuales se dieren por acreditados cada uno de los hechos y circunstancias...” [2]. Otro ejemplo es el artículo 175 del código de Paraguay, que indica: “El tribunal formará su convicción de la valoración conjunta y armónica de todas las pruebas conocidas”[3]. Muy semejante a la del ejemplo anterior es la redacción del artículo 202 del código de Honduras. Cercana a ellas está la del artículo 157 del código del Brasil,
    [1] Sin resaltar en el original.
    [2] Idem.
    [3] Idem.

    que indica que el juez formará su convicción mediante la libre apreciación de la prueba.
    Un cuarto nicho que ha encontrado el principio de necesidad de la prueba en algunos de los códigos de América Latina es el de los textos que establecen las normas de la deliberación y los requisitos de la sentencia. En las normas para la deliberación de la sentencia, específicamente, encontramos el artículo 333 del código de República Dominicana, que prescribe que las conclusiones a que lleguen los jueces deben ser “el fruto racional de las pruebas en que se apoyan”. Lo mismo sucede con el código de Chile, que dispone en el artículo 340: “El tribunal formará su convicción sobre la base de la prueba producida durante el juicio oral”; con el código de Honduras, cuyo artículo 342 dice, en lo que aquí interesa: “…el Tribunal de Sentencia, tomando como base las alegaciones de las partes y las pruebas presentadas por éstas en el juicio […], se pronunciará sobre la culpabilidad del procesado…” [1]; con el código de Bolivia, que establece en su artículo 365º: “Se dictará sentencia condenatoria cuando la prueba aportada sea suficiente para generar en el juez o tribunal la convicción sobre la responsabilidad penal del imputado…” [2], y con el código de Ecuador, que en su artículo 252, ubicado entre los principios generales de la etapa de juicio, pero que establece un precepto para la deliberación, señala: “La certeza de la existencia del delito y de la culpabilidad del acusado se obtendrá de las pruebas de cargo y descargo…”. En el requisito sentencial de fundamentación encontramos en algunos códigos atisbos del principio de necesidad de la prueba. Es el caso del código de Costa Rica, en su artículo 142, que sirvió de modelo tanto al artículo 11 bis del código de Guatemala, adicionado después de la promulgación del código costarricense, como al artículo 153 del código de Nicaragua y al artículo 124º del código de Bolivia. El texto costarricense y el texto nicaragüense son iguales; en los textos guatemalteco y boliviano se introdujeron cambios que en nada alteran el siguiente análisis. Dice así el texto compartido por los códigos de Costa Rica y Nicaragua, en la parte que aquí nos interesa: “Las sentencias y los autos contendrán una fundamentación clara y precisa. En ella se expresarán los razonamientos de hecho y de derecho en que se basan las decisiones, así como el valor otorgado a los medios de prueba”. Existe en el texto anterior una relación implícita entre el fundamento de las sentencias y los autos y los
    [1] Idem.
    [2] Sin resaltar en el original.

    medios de prueba, de donde se puede deducir que esas resoluciones deben estar basadas en las pruebas.
    Más atenuada aparece esta relación en el artículo 36 del código de Chile, que acusa la misma influencia costarricense, aunque en el primer párrafo se omitió la referencia a la prueba, lo que obliga a buscarla en el párrafo segundo, menos extenso que el modelo centroamericano. Reza así el texto del país andino:
    “Será obligación del tribunal fundamentar las resoluciones que dictare, con excepción de aquellas que se pronunciaren sobre cuestiones de mero trámite. La fundamentación expresará sucintamente, pero con precisión, los motivos de hecho y de derecho en que se basaren las decisiones tomadas.”
    “La simple relación de los documentos del procedimiento o la mención de los medios de prueba o solicitudes de los intervinientes no sustituirá en caso alguno la fundamentación”.
    Otro tanto sucede con el artículo 290 del código federal de México: “Los tribunales, en sus resoluciones, expondrán los razonamientos que hayan tenido en cuenta para valorar jurídicamente la prueba”.
    En la misma línea de pensamiento, el código de Colombia preceptúa en el artículo 162 que las sentencias y los autos deberán tener fundamentación fáctica, probatoria y jurídica “con indicación de los motivos de estimación y desestimación de las pruebas…”.
    El código de Ecuador indica en su artículo 309 que es requisito de la sentencia “La enunciación de las pruebas practicadas…”, idea que refuerza el artículo 312, al disponer: “La sentencia condenatoria deberá mencionar cómo se ha comprobado conforme a derecho la existencia del delito y la responsabilidad del acusado” [1].
    El artículo 342 del código de Chile incluye en el contenido de la sentencia “La exposición clara, lógica y completa de cada uno de los hechos y circunstancias que se dieren por probados […] y de la valoración de los medios de prueba que fundamentaren dichas conclusiones…”.
    Coincidente con el código chileno es en este punto el código de Perú, que en su artículo 394º incluye entre los requisitos de la sentencia “La motivación clara, lógica y completa de cada uno de los hechos y circunstancias que se dan por probados o improbados, y la valoración de la prueba que la sustenta…”.
    [1] Sin resaltar en el original.

    Algo semejante establece el código de Honduras en el artículo 141 con las siguientes palabras: “La motivación expresará […] las pruebas tenidas en cuenta, así como las razones del valor probatorio [sic] que se les haya atribuido” [1] . Idea que refuerza el artículo 338 al estatuir: “…se expresarán las pruebas tenidas en cuenta para declarar probados esos hechos…”.
    En forma mucho más tenue aparece el principio de necesidad de la prueba en el código federal de Argentina, que no contiene una referencia directa a la prueba al establecer el deber de motivar la sentencia. El único asidero para el principio en examen sería la exigencia de exposición sucinta de los motivos de hecho en la sentencia, contenida en el artículo 399. Se podría considerar que al exigirse la motivación fáctica implícitamente se está haciendo referencia a la prueba de los hechos.
    En ese sentido expresa GÓMEZ COLOMER: “La motivación fáctica debe abarcar indubitadamente la probatoria, pues es imprescindible, si el término motivación se utiliza en toda su profundidad y no desde un punto de vista meramente formal, que básicamente el condenado y demás partes (pero también la sociedad en general) sepan, no sólo por qué hechos se le impone una pena o medida de seguridad, o ambas, sino también qué pruebas han inclinado la balanza en su contra y qué elementos de convicción se han derivado de ellas”[2] .
    Por último, en algunos códigos latinoamericanos el principio de necesidad de la prueba ha encontrado alojamiento en el ámbito de las impugnaciones. La situación se da en los códigos de Colombia, Venezuela, Nicaragua, República Dominicana, Paraguay y Chile. Uno de los motivos del recurso de casación en el código colombiano, según el artículo 181.3, es “El manifiesto desconocimiento de las reglas de producción y apreciación de la prueba sobre la cual se ha fundado la sentencia” [3]. En el artículo 452 del código de Venezuela se señala como motivo de casación que la sentencia “se funde en hechos no constitutivos de prueba alguna, o en pruebas obtenida mediante infracción de preceptos constitucionales o a través de medios que la ley no autorice” [4]. El precepto es semejante al del artículo 387 del código de Nicaragua, que establece como motivo de casación la “Ilegitimidad de la decisión por fundarse en prueba inexistente, ilícita o no incorporada legalmente al Juicio o por
    [1] Idem.
    [2] En Derecho Jurisdiccional III Proceso penal, con MONTERO AROCA, MONTÓN REDONDO y BARONA VILAR, 12ª ed., Valencia, Ed. Tirant lo Blanch, 2004, pág. 343.
    [3] Sin resaltar en el original.
    [4] Idem.

    haber habido suplantación del contenido de la prueba oral…” [1]. De ambas disposiciones precedentes se colige, en primer lugar, la necesidad de que la sentencia esté fundada en prueba, y, en segundo lugar, que esa prueba debe ser obtenida lícitamente e incorporada al proceso en la forma prescrita por la ley.
    En el mismo orden de ideas, expresa el artículo 417 del código de la República Dominicana que es motivo del recurso de casación que la sentencia “se funde en prueba obtenida ilegalmente o incorporada con violación a los principios del juicio oral”. Otro tanto sucede con el código de Paraguay, que en su artículo 403, dispone que uno de los defectos de la sentencia que “habilitan la apelación y la casación” es “que se base en medios o elementos probatorios no incorporados legalmente al juicio”. De allí se sigue que en estos dos últimos códigos el principio de necesidad de la prueba se manifiesta de forma implícita, al hacerse referencia a las condiciones que debe tener la prueba que dé sustento a la sentencia.
    Para finalizar este capítulo, el artículo 374 del código chileno establece que es motivo del recurso de nulidad la omisión en la sentencia de los requisitos previstos en el artículo 342, literal c). Se refiere el precepto a la exposición de cada uno de los hechos que se dieren por probados y de la valoración de los medios de prueba que los sustenten.

    3.-Declaración del imputado y sus garantías
    El nivel de garantismo en la declaración del imputado, o su ausencia total, depende básicamente de los siguientes factores:
    a) Presencia o ausencia del abogado defensor;
    b) Autoridad ante la cual se rinde;
    c) Información brindada al imputado de previo a la declaración, y,
    d) Reconocimiento del derecho al silencio (ius tacendi).

    a) Presencia o ausencia del abogado defensor Exigen expresamente la presencia del abogado defensor en la declaración o interrogatorio del imputado los códigos de El Salvador, en su artículo 242, al disponer: “El imputado deberá entrevistarse previamente con su defensor, antes de contestar cualquier interrogatorio”; Uruguay, que preceptúa en su artículo 53.3: “La declaración o manifestación negativa del imputado deberán ser prestadas necesariamente en
    [1] Idem.

    presencia y con la intervención del defensor…”; Venezuela, cuyo artículo 127 reza: “En todo caso, la declaración del imputado será nula si no la hace en presencia de su defensor”; Paraguay, al establecer en su artículo 84: “En todos los casos, la declaración del imputado sólo tendrá validez si la hace en presencia de un abogado defensor…”; Bolivia, que prevé en su artículo 94º “Las declaraciones del imputado no podrán llevarse a cabo sin la presencia del abogado defensor”; Honduras, que dice en su artículo 289: “La declaración del imputado […] se prestará siempre en presencia del Defensor…”; Ecuador, que en su artículo 71 ordena: “Ninguna persona podrá ser interrogada, ni aun con fines de investigación, sin la presencia de un abogado defensor…”, precepto que reitera en la específica regulación de la declaración del imputado en la instrucción fiscal, en el artículo 218; República Dominicana, cuyo artículo 18 indica: “El defensor debe estar presente durante la declaración del imputado”, y Perú, que advierte en el artículo 86º que el imputado “prestará declaración […] con la necesaria presencia de su abogado defensor…”.
    En el código de Brasil la presencia del abogado defensor en la declaración del imputado no está dispuesta de manera expresa. Se colige de dos artículos: en primer lugar, del artículo 261, en el capítulo que dedica al acusado[1] y su defensor; dispone dicho artículo que ningún acusado será procesado o juzgado sin defensor. En segundo lugar, del artículo 187, en el capítulo del interrogatorio del acusado; establece ese artículo que el defensor del acusado no podrá intervenir o influir, de cualquier modo, las preguntas y respuestas del interrogatorio. No obstante, queda la duda de si la presencia del defensor en el interrogatorio está prescrita como un requisito de validez o es meramente facultativa. Admiten la declaración sin presencia del defensor otros códigos, como el de Costa Rica, que dispone en su artículo 93: “Antes de que el imputado declare sobre los hechos, se le requerirá el nombramiento de un abogado, si no lo tiene, para que lo asista y se le informará que puede exigir su presencia y consultar con él todo lo relacionado con su defensa. En ese caso, si no está presente el defensor, se le dará
    [1] No parece existir en la lengua portuguesa el sustantivo “imputado”, que pueda dar lugar a una diferenciación procesal con el término “acusado”, que es el que el código brasileño utiliza en toda oportunidad en la que hace referencia al perseguido por la justicia. El Novo diccionario da língua portuguesa, de Aurélio Buarque de Holanda Ferreira, en su 2ª ed. (Rio de Janeiro, Ed. Nova Frontera, 1986), registra únicamente el sustantivo femenino “imputação” (imputación) y el verbo “imputar”. La definición que de “acusado” da GRECO, hijo, confirma que su significado es tan amplio como el del sustantivo español “imputado”: “O acusado é a pessoa natural, mayor de 18 años, a que se imputa a prática de uma infração penal” (Manual de processo penal, São Paulo, Ed. Saraiva, 1991, pág. 220).

    aviso inmediato, por cualquier medio, para que comparezca…” [1]. De lo anterior se infiere que sólo en caso de que el imputado exija la presencia del defensor es ésta necesaria.
    Otro tanto acaece con el código de Panamá, en el cual de la redacción de los artículos 2113 y 2114 se colige que es procesalmente admisible la indagatoria en ausencia del defensor:
    “Terminado el interrogatorio de identificación, el funcionario de instrucción informará al imputado […] que tiene el derecho de nombrar defensor.
    Si el imputado se negare a declarar…” (art. 2113).
    “Si el imputado no se opusiere a declarar, el funcionario instructor […] invitará al imputado a manifestar cuanto tenga por conveniente, en descargo o aclaración de los hechos, y a indicar las pruebas que estime oportunas” (art. 2114).
    En la anterior secuencia de actuaciones descrita por el código panameño se percibe que no hay solución de continuidad entre la advertencia del derecho de nombrar abogado defensor y la declaración del imputado que no se haya opuesto a declarar. De donde se deduce la posibilidad, muy grande, de que no esté presente en el acto quien apenas un momento antes no había sido siquiera nombrado defensor.
    Igual sucede con el código federal de México, en el que el artículo 154 dice que en la “declaración preparatoria” al “inculpado” […] “se le hará saber el derecho que tiene para [sic] defenderse por sí o por persona de su confianza, advirtiéndole que si no lo hiciere, el juez le nombrará un defensor de oficio. A continuación se le impondrá de la naturaleza y causas de la acusación […] se le examinará sobre los hechos consignados así como la participación y las circunstancias personales del inculpado…”. Es claro en el texto que lo que inmediatamente precede al “examen de los hechos”, no es el nombramiento del defensor, ni mucho menos su necesaria comparecencia en el acto procesal en curso, sino simplemente la advertencia al imputado del derecho de nombrar defensor.
    La idea anterior es reforzada por lo que señala en su inicio el artículo 156: “Tanto la defensa como el agente del Ministerio Público, quien deberá estar presente en la diligencia, podrán interrogar al inculpado…”. Se exige, entonces, sólo la presencia del agente del Ministerio Público.
    [1] Sin resaltar en el original.

    En el código de Cuba hay una significativa omisión del defensor en todo el capítulo dedicado a la declaración del acusado (arts. 160-166). A lo anterior hay que agregar que entre las causas para iniciar el proceso, en el artículo 106, se encuentra, después de la denuncia, una ominosa confesión, rendida no se sabe ante quién ni en qué circunstancias, y que, de conformidad con el artículo 368, “En los juicios que se celebren ante los Tribunales Municipales Populares no es indispensable la participación de Defensor”. Pertinente es señalar que, según dispone el artículo 8, dichos tribunales pueden imponer pena de prisión de hasta nueve meses.
    El código de Guatemala, prolijo en señalar las condiciones que deben darse para la declaración del imputado, deja abierta la posibilidad de que ella se produzca sin estar presente el defensor. Igual que el código costarricense, establece, en su artículo 81, que “el sindicado […] será instruido acerca de que puede exigir la presencia de su defensor…”.
    El código de Chile prescribe en el artículo 91, que “Si, en ausencia del defensor, el imputado manifestare su deseo declarar, la policía tomará las medidas necesarias para que declare inmediatamente ante el fiscal. Si esto no fuere posible, la policía podrá consignar las declaraciones a que se allanare a prestar, bajo la responsabilidad y con la autorización del fiscal. El defensor podrá incorporarse siempre y en cualquier momento a esta diligencia” [1]. Prevé la misma posibilidad de declaración sin defensor la situación contemplada en el artículo 93.d), que es el derecho del imputado de “Solicitar directamente al juez que cite a una audiencia, a la cual podrá concurrir con su abogado o sin él, con el fin de prestar declaración sobre los hechos materia de la investigación” [2] (art.93.d). Si bien la disposición corresponde a lo que la doctrina identifica como el derecho de presentación espontánea, clara manifestación del derecho de defensa, lo cierto es que admite la posibilidad de que en la declaración del imputado no se encuentre presente el abogado defensor. El código federal de Argentina dispone la presencia meramente facultativa del defensor en la declaración indagatoria, al señalar en su artículo 197, en concordancia con los artículos 184 y 294, que “podrá” el abogado entrevistarse con su patrocinado inmediatamente antes de ese acto o de que la policía le dirija preguntas para constatar su identidad. En la misma línea de pensamiento se encuentra el artículo 295, que dice: “A
    [1] Sin resaltar en el original.
    [2] Idem.

    la declaración del imputado sólo podrán asistir su defensor y el ministerio fiscal. El imputado será informado de este derecho antes de comenzar con su declaración” [1].
    En los códigos de Colombia y Nicaragua no existe nada semejante a la indagatoria o declaración del imputado antes de la prevista en el juicio oral, que uno y otro código regulan no como un acto regular de la audiencia del juicio, sino como un eventual testimonio del acusado, con todas las formalidades propias de ese medio de prueba. El código colombiano lo hace en el artículo 394 y el código nicaragüense, en el artículo 311.
    Oportuno es señalar que también el código de Ecuador, en el artículo 143, admite la declaración del imputado en el juicio como testimonio, con juramento optativo, además de prever una declaración durante la instrucción fiscal en el ya citado artículo 218.
    No obstante, los tres códigos admiten la posibilidad del interrogatorio policial, con manifestación expresa de la necesidad de la presencia del defensor en el código ecuatoriano (art. 71), en forma no claramente definida en el código colombiano, que sólo establece expresamente el derecho del imputado de “Tener comunicación privada con su defensor antes de comparecer frente a las autoridades” (art. 8º.g) y la necesidad de que el imputado cuente con defensor “desde la primera audiencia a la que fuere citado” (art. 119), y con necesaria presencia del defensor, en forma implícita, en el código nicaragüense, que en su artículo 95.10 reconoce el derecho del imputado y del acusado[2] a “Ser asesorado por un defensor…” y en el segundo párrafo del mismo artículo establece: “Se reconocen los derechos del imputado a toda persona llamada a declarar por la Policía Nacional como posible autor o partícipe de la comisión de un delito”.

    b) Autoridad ante la cual rinde declaración el imputado No cabe duda de que no existe el mismo grado de garantía si la declaración se rinde ante un sujeto procesal imparcial, al menos formalmente, como un juez, que si se rinde ante la contraparte, aunque también lo sea formalmente, como un funcionario del
    [1] Idem.
    [2]El Código Procesal Penal de la República de Nicaragua distingue, en el artículo 94, entre “imputado” y “acusado”. El primero es “toda persona que ha sido detenida por las autoridades o contra quien el titular de la acción penal solicite al juez su detención [,] como posible autor o partícipe de un delito o falta [,] o citación a Audiencia Inicial…”. Del primero de los derechos reconocidos al imputado o al acusado por el artículo 95 se infiere que también es imputado quien está siendo investigado por la policía, es decir, el sospechoso. “Se denomina acusado –sigue diciendo el artículo 94- la persona contra quien se presenta la acusación”.

    ministerio público o fiscal. La situación se agrava si quien está autorizado para recibir la declaración del imputado, como acto procesal y no como simple indagación para orientar las investigaciones previas, es la policía. Si a esta declaración ante la policía se le reconoce algún valor probatorio, desaparece todo vestigio de garantismo.
    Un juez es el funcionario designado por la ley para recibir declaración al imputado, antes del juicio, en los códigos de Argentina (art. 294), Guatemala (art. 87), Brasil (art. 186), México, en la llamada “declaración preparatoria”, durante la instrucción (art. 155), sin perjuicio de la potestad del Ministerio Público Federal y otros funcionarios de policía judicial de “citar para que declaren sobre los hechos que se averigüen a las personas que por cualquier concepto participen en ellos” (arts. 123 y 125); El Salvador (arts. 259-264), sin menoscabo de la facultad de interrogar que mantiene la policía, conforme el artículo 242; Honduras (arts. 286, 287, 289 y 290), que también prevé la potestad del ministerio público y la policía de recibirle declaración durante la investigación preliminar (art. 273.1); Venezuela, si el imputado hubiere sido aprehendido (art. 127); Uruguay (art. 53.1) [1], y Paraguay, si es en la etapa intermedia (art. 84).
    En el código de Cuba se dispone que sea un funcionario policial, el “Instructor de la Policía”, el que reciba la declaración del acusado en la “fase preparatoria del
    juicio oral”, según se desprende del artículo 105, en cuanto señala: “El Fiscal ejerce el control de la fase preparatoria, que se realiza por el Instructor. La diligencia de la fase preparatoria se practica directamente por el Instructor de la Policía, del Departamento de Seguridad del Estado o de la propia Fiscalía, según proceda…” , y del artículo 161, cuando indica que “El Instructor…estará en el deber de hacerle saber [al acusado] de qué se le acusa, por quién y los cargos que se le dirigen, e instruirlo del derecho que le asiste para prestar declaración…” Un funcionario del ministerio público es la autoridad competente para recibir declaración al imputado en la etapa preparatoria o anterior al juicio oral en los códigos
    [1] Es oportuno señalar que en el Código del Proceso Penal, de Uruguay, la primera declaración del imputado y todas las que posteriormente quiera hacer las recibe el mismo tribunal que conocerá del plenario, que no se diferencia de las fases que le preceden (fase de las primeras actuaciones y fase preparatoria del plenario) en cuanto a la recepción de la prueba, dado que todas las diligencias probatorias, tanto las de las fases previas al plenario como las de éste, se realizan en audiencias orales y con la garantía de la contradicción y son válidas por igual para fundamentar la sentencia.

    de Panamá (2007, 2112-2126), Costa Rica (art. 91), Perú (art. 86º.2), Chile (91 y 194)[1], Ecuador (218), Venezuela (art. 127)[2]; Paraguay (art. 84)[3], Bolivia (art. 97º) y República Dominicana (art. 103).
    Ya dijimos que los códigos de Nicaragua y Colombia no prevén una declaración del imputado como tal, sino un eventual testimonio en el juicio oral.
    Prohíben expresamente a la policía recibir declaración al imputado los códigos de Argentina (art. 184), Guatemala (art. 88), Bolivia (art. 92º) y República Dominicana (art. 103). Implícitamente lo prohíbe el código de Venezuela, al disponer en su artículo 293 que las autoridades de policía comunicarán la notitia criminis al Ministerio Público dentro de las ocho horas siguientes y sólo practicarán las diligencias necesarias y urgentes.
    Autorizan el interrogatorio policiaco los códigos de Cuba, como ya vimos con amplitud (arts. 105 y 161); Brasil (art. 5,V); México (arts. 123 y 125), El Salvador (art. 242), Honduras (art. 273.1); Nicaragua (arts. 95, párrafo II, y 230.3), Chile (art. 91), Colombia (art. 205) y Perú (art. 86º.2)
    Guardan silencio sobre la potestad de la policía de interrogar al sospechoso o al imputado los códigos de Panamá, Uruguay, Costa Rica, Paraguay y Ecuador, los tres últimos, quizás, por haberse considerado innecesario, dado que subordinan la actuación policial a la dirección del ministerio público.

    c) Información al imputado de previo a la declaración
    El imputado, antes de declarar, debe recibir información sobre los hechos y sus circunstancias, su significación jurídica (calificación legal), pruebas que los sustentan y derechos que le asisten como sujeto procesal. Los códigos iberoamericanos cumplen en distinto grado con esta garantía. Así el código federal de México prevé la información sobre “el derecho que tiene [el inculpado] para [sic] defenderse por sí o por persona de su confianza, advirtiéndole que si no lo hiciere, el juez le nombrará un defensor de oficio. A continuación se le impondrá de la naturaleza y causas de la acusación; se le hará saber la querella, si la hubiere, así como los nombres de sus acusadores y testigos que depongan en su
    [1] No obstante, el imputado tiene derecho de solicitar al juez que cite a una audiencia para recibir su declaración (art. 93).
    [2] Cuando comparezca el imputado voluntariamente o sea citado, si estuviere detenido, la declaración la recibirá el juez.
    [3] Durante la investigación, no en la etapa intermedia.

    contra”, además se le informará de la garantía constitucional de libertad provisional bajo caución, cuando proceda (art. 154).
    El código de Brasil es muy limitado en este punto: el juez hará saber al imputado que, aunque no está obligado a responder a las preguntas que le sean formuladas, su silencio podrá ser interpretado en perjuicio de su propia defensa (art. 186). Como se ve, más que información garantista, lo que tenemos aquí es la advertencia de que no se respetará en toda su extensión el ius tacendi.
    El código de Cuba dispone que el Instructor “estará en el deber de hacerle saber [al acusado] de qué se le acusa, por quién y los cargos que se le dirigen, e instruirlo del derecho que le asiste para prestar declaración, si quisiera hacerlo, lo cual podrá realizar en cualquier momento y cuantas veces lo solicite” (art. 161).
    El código de Panamá, en su artículo 2113, indica las siguientes advertencias: “cuál es el hecho que se le atribuye, que puede abstenerse de declarar y que tiene el derecho de nombrar defensor”.
    Los códigos de Argentina (art. 298), Guatemala (art. 81), Costa Rica (art. 92), El Salvador (art. 259), Venezuela (art. 128), Paraguay (art. 86), Bolivia (art. 92º), Honduras (287), República Dominicana (art. 105) y Perú (art. 87º) son los más amplios en orden a las advertencias preliminares a la declaración del imputado. Ilustrativa de esa amplitud resulta la fórmula del código dominicano:
    “Antes de comenzar su declaración, el imputado debe ser advertido de su derecho a no autoincriminarse y de que el ejercicio de ese derecho no puede perjudicarle. Asimismo, se le instruye en el sentido de que su declaración es un medio de defensa y, por consiguiente, tiene derecho a explicar todo cuanto sirva para desvirtuar las imputaciones que se le formulen, y a solicitar la práctica de las diligencias que considere oportunas.”
    “Acto seguido, se le formula la indicación del hecho punible que se le atribuye, con todas las circunstancias de tiempo, lugar y modo, en la medida conocida, incluyendo aquellas que sean de importancia para la calificación jurídica, un resumen de los contenidos de prueba existentes […] y las disposiciones legales que se juzguen aplicables”.
    Omite este código advertir sobre el derecho a que esté presente el abogado defensor porque, como habíamos señalado y conviene aquí recordar, el artículo anterior dispone: “En todos los casos, la declaración del imputado sólo es válida si la hace en presencia y con la asistencia de su defensor”.
              Podcast FS Hebdo - 13 au 19 avril   
    D’une vitre électrochromatique qui est alimentée par le vent et la pluie, en passant par le gorille des montagnes en danger qui est aidé par la consanguinité, une datation de la fermeture de l’isthme de Panama qui secoue les géosciences, ou encore des images en couleurs de Cérès qui contiennent des surprises, découvrez l’actualité scientifique [...]
              Playing for United States 'much bigger' than playing for Israel - Kenny Saief   
    USMNT goalkeeper Brad Guzan and defender Omar Gonzalez join SportsCenter to preview their friendly vs. Ghana. Brad Guzan praises the impact teenage star Christian Pulisic has had on the United States national team. Omar Gonzalez tells all to ESPN about what his move to Pachuca entailed and the comparisons of Liga MX to MLS. Toni Collins and Randy Scott test their soccer skills on the SportsCenter set with USMNT's Omar Gonzalez and Brad Guzan. United States defender Omar Gonzalez previews the Americans' clash with familiar foe Ghana. Jeff Carlisle breaks down the budding, yet unexpected rivalry between the United States and Ghana. EAST HARTFORD, Connecticut -- Kenny Saief said there is a simple reason why he switched his international allegiance from Israel to the U.S. "I was born [in the U.S.], and I feel like I belong to this place," he said ahead of Saturday's friendly against Ghana. Saief was born in Panama City, Florida, to Israeli parents. He and his family moved back to Israel when he was three, and as his soccer talent grew, he represented Israel at various youth levels. He even played in two friendlies at senior...
              Ce que fait l'UE pour lutter contre le financement du terrorisme et le crime organisé   

    En ma qualité de commissaire européenne chargée de la justice, il est pour moi essentiel d'améliorer la lutte contre le blanchiment de capitaux et le financement du terrorisme. C'est tant une question de sécurité qu'une affaire d'équité. Le manque de transparence permet à des criminels de financer des activités terroristes. Les règles laxistes en matière de blanchiment de capitaux permettent à des fraudeurs fiscaux de réinjecter dans l'économie les montants "mis de côté" en toute discrétion. Ce manque à gagner fiscal empêche les pouvoirs publics de réaliser des investissements nécessaires dans l'éducation ou les infrastructures et peut les amener à imposer davantage les citoyens honnêtes. Les "Panama Papers" ont révélé à quel point la fraude fiscale était préjudiciable à l'économie européenne.

    Lorsque des criminels blanchissent des sommes d'argent tirées notamment du trafic de drogues, ils les "nettoient" de manière à effacer toute trace de leur origine illicite. S'il est difficile d'évaluer l'ampleur de ce type d'activité criminelle, certains estiment que 2 à 5 % du PIB mondial serait perdu chaque année dans le blanchiment de capitaux. En outre, les organisations criminelles et terroristes ont besoin de cet argent pour continuer à faire fonctionner leurs réseaux criminels, recruter et préparer ou commettre des actes terroristes. En mettant un terme à la possibilité de blanchir des capitaux, on empêche les criminels de planifier leurs activités illégales.

    Que fait l'UE pour lutter contre le blanchiment de capitaux?

    Aujourd'hui, les nouvelles règles anti-blanchiment entrent en vigueur dans l'UE. Ces nouvelles règles renforceront la transparence et garantiront une prévention efficace du blanchiment de capitaux et du financement du terrorisme partout dans l'Union européenne.

    Ces règles renforcent les contrôles effectués par les banques ou par tout établissement confronté à des opérations risquées. Dorénavant, au moment où ils établissent des relations commerciales et avant qu'ils n'exécutent les opérations demandées par leurs clients, les établissements financiers sont tenus d'effectuer des contrôles plus systématiques et approfondis qui prennent en compte divers facteurs de risque tels que le profil du client, le produit, la zone géographique et le canal utilisé pour les opérations. Ils devront également démontrer qu'ils ont pris les mesures appropriées pour réduire ces risques.

    Le renforcement des exigences en matière de transparence, avec l'introduction d'une exigence imposant aux entreprises de détenir des informations précises et à jour sur leurs propriétaires réels (les "bénéficiaires effectifs"), constitue une autre nouveauté importante. Les États membres sont à présent tenus de créer des registres centraux contenant des informations relatives aux bénéficiaires effectifs des entreprises et des fiducies.

    Ces registres permettront à toutes les banques de connaître rapidement et aisément la véritable identité de la personne ayant créé l'entreprise qui souhaite exécuter une opération. Les banques pourront ainsi y voir plus clair dans des structures d'entreprise complexes, ce qui leur permettra de bloquer toute opération suspecte sans alerter le client.

    La nouvelle directive concerne aussi aujourd'hui les sociétés de jeux, un secteur que les groupes criminels organisés utilisent souvent pour blanchir des capitaux tirés d'activités illégales. Tous les prestataires de services de jeux devront désormais contrôler l'identité du joueur et la cohérence de ses opérations, y compris la source des fonds. Ils seront tenus de déclarer toute suspicion de blanchiment de capitaux à l'autorité nationale compétente (l'unité de renseignement financier), qui instruira le dossier et le communiquera à la police.

    Les États membres de l'UE sont censés mettre en œuvre correctement ces règles dès aujourd'hui. J'exhorte les États membres qui ne les ont pas encore mises en œuvre à le faire sans tarder. L'application de normes moins rigoureuses dans un pays contribuera en effet à maintenir des failles et à affaiblir notre combat dans l'ensemble de l'UE.

    Face au scandale des "Panama Papers" et aux nouveaux risques terroristes, la Commission a proposé en juillet dernier de renforcer encore les règles anti-blanchiment. J'invite instamment le Parlement européen et les États membres à achever leurs discussions dès que possible afin de pouvoir adapter nos règles aux menaces actuelles. Il est essentiel de se doter d'un cadre préventif robuste en matière de lutte contre la criminalité organisée et le terrorisme. Avec les nouvelles règles adoptées aujourd'hui, nous sommes mieux armés pour combattre ces crimes ensemble.

    Věra Jourová, commissaire européenne pour la justice, les consommateurs et l'égalité des genres

    Lire aussi :

    "Le Secrétariat Général d'Aide aux Victimes m'a sauvé la vie, ne le supprimez pas M. Macron"

    BLOG - 10 croyances toxiques qui poussent les terroristes à passer à l'acte

    BLOG - Les 3 erreurs de la gauche dans la lutte contre la radicalisation

    Pour suivre les dernières actualités en direct sur Le HuffPost, cliquez ici

    Tous les matins, recevez gratuitement la newsletter du HuffPost

    Retrouvez-nous sur notre page Facebook

    À voir également sur Le HuffPost:


              Costa Rican beauties.   

    My family and I just got back from an amazing vacation to our favorite country Costa Rica. We have been going there for almost 20 years and it never disappoints. This year we went back to Pavones which is a small surf tour near the border of panama. The nature is unreal there. We were lucky enough to spy a sloth in our yard and also could hand feed wild monkeys. I hope you enjoy the photos below.
    Pura Vida!

                  
    Cuando recuerdas esos viejos tiempos que tu mamá te llevaba una ves al mes a los videojuegos mas divertido#videojuego#doming#@dennysriveropty @siempreyo2 @soypanamanocturna@Panamá
              A member of the hair nation picks the best songs ever   
    Hair metal is a loose term, as loose as the women in your average hair metal video (this kind of wit is prevalent throughout this blog, so pat yourself on the back, wise reader, for choosing to read this).
    But it's a term that usually garners at least a giggle from those who remember back in the day. These are the same giggles reserved for skyrocketing bangs, mullets, pink suit jackets with the sleeves rolled up, hoop earrings and thinking "Knight Rider" was a great show.
    Hair metal deserves better. I'm here to give it to you. We shouldn't have to be embarrassed about it. Take me. I have some culture in my music tastes. I've played Beethoven, Tchaikovsky and Mozart in symphony orchestras and Miles Davis in jazz bands. I've listened to many of the kings and queens of jazz and own many of their records. I have the box sets of Stevie Wonder, Steely Dan and Led Zeppelin.
    And yet I'm an unabashed fan of metal. Metal forever and metal for life and whatnot. That includes hair metal, which, despite its wild success at its peak,  probably gets teased more than any other era of music except perhaps disco. And as a result I expect exactly two people to read this until the end, including me.
    But here you go. The top 25 hair metal songs of all time.
    I did have to leave out Hall Of Fame bands such as Iron Maiden, Dio, Dream Theater, Helloween, Queensryche, Metallica, Grim Reaper, Armored Saint, Judas Priest, Chastain (obscure band but one of my favorites, probably worth a blog post at some point) and Savatage because they're not really hair metal. They're not glam metal. They're not even hard rock. They are metal, and even if I preferred those bands growing up, that's not the point of this post. If there's any point to this post at all.
    I tried not to repeat bands. That probably means leaving out a lot of great songs, but I was able to find a signature hit, at least in my opinion, from many key bands from the Spandex Era.
    I also didn't put them in order. Maybe I should, but just to make this list is an honor. About as big an honor as a Grammy, I'm pretty sure.
    Speaking of Grammy, er, grammar, I have made the bands plural even though a band is a single entity. It's much easier to read that way. I apologize in advance.
    Let's get to it:
    "Live Wire" By Motley Crue — Motley Crue was the first hard rock/metal/hair metal band I ever got into. My neighborhood kid friends brought me a tape one day, and I listened to it with a sense of wonder, excitement and fear. The tape was "Shout at the Devil." It seemed kinda evil, and I remember, late at night, becoming a little scared at what bringing this group into my life could mean (I was, unfortunately, kind of a deep kid who overthought far too many things. You MAY be able to see the resemblance to the adult me now.) In fairness, I was in like fifth grade, and this group at the time had just opened for Ozzy Osbourne, who bit the heads off doves and bats and drank their blood like lemonade (at least that's what I heard). My parents didn't take us to church, but that pentagram and the lyrics "Shout at the DEVIL" still made me worry that I was going to want to sacrifice small, cute animals after listening to the tape.
    Of course, I also remember thinking Metallica, when I first heard "Ride The Lightning," was just various recordings of coyotes. Fortunately I got over my pansy ways. Motley Crue was my first step.
    I discovered "Live Wire" later, when you fall in love with a band and check out its older albums. Motley Crue has had many great songs. The first track off their first album remains their best, especially the remix that helped take out some of the sludgy production of the original.
    Shit, this may be a long post. That was a lot of description.
    "Foolin'" By Def Leppard — Def Leppard's "Pyromania" was one of my first hair metal albums, after the Crue's "Shout at the Devil." I got it in a six-pack of tapes I got from those music clubs that gave you 12 for a penny if you agreed to buy six more at regular (inflated) prices and sacrifice small, cute animals. My other tapes were The Police, Duran Duran and a bunch I can't remember, so you can see where my mindset was at the time. I think "Pyromania" is a nearly perfect hard rock album, and it's by far Def Leppard's best. Def Leppard was at one time a band that sounded like AC/DC, only with catchier melodies and a better singer, and it's a shame that they castrated themselves a bit with "Hysteria," a fine record with far too many ballads and the most overplayed song in history, "Pour Some Sugar on Me." The fact that I've heard that song approximately 40 billion times and my parents' radio station (KUDL, pronounced "cuddle") could play it because it was soft enough and catchy enough not to offend the menopause crowd and yet hard enough to make the station seem "edgy" eliminates the song from my top 25. It was hard to pick between "Photograph" and "Rock of Ages" and this one, but I remember adoring this song when I was younger, and so it wins, even if the other two songs are probably better.
    Yep, this post will be long. Sorry.
    "You Shook Me (All Night Long) By AC/DC — The OTHER most overplayed song in history, besides "Sweet Home Alabama," and there are many other AC/DC tracks I personally like better, including "Hells Bells," "Highway to Hell" and "It's A Long Way To The Top," but I believed this was the one song I could not leave off the list regardless of my personal feelings for it. It's proof that "hair metal" is a loose term because these guys were pretty much the OPPOSITE of a hair metal band. They were ugly guys who dressed like factory workers, save for Angus, who wore a schoolboy outfit that would probably get him arrested if he went anywhere but a concert hall. Yet this song helped kick off the catchy, radio-friendly-yet-hard-edged hair metal era because of its wild success. Basically every band tried to copy it. The band also featured a smoking hot blonde in the video. I can STILL see her riding that mechanical horse. 
    As an aside, KISS' "Rock and Roll All Nite," which compares favorably with this song in many ways (classic band, overplayed song loved by everyone, catchy as hell), is NOT on the list. It's a great song, but it's really not from the era. And the hair metal era, which boosted the careers of many older bands that actually got their start in the 70s (such as the Scorpions, Van Halen, Sammy Hagar, AC/DC and perhaps even Judas Priest and Iron Maiden) almost destroyed KISS. The band took off its makeup and made mostly forgettable records filled with songs like "Crazy Crazy Nights" and "God Gave Rock and Roll To You" that really sounded like a desperate uncle trying to fit in at one of his nephew's fun parties. Still...
    "Heaven's On Fire" By KISS — This song was a glorious exception. It's my favorite song by KISS, and I really do love KISS. It's stupid as hell but even catchier.
    "We're Not Gonna Take It" By Twisted Sister — I was trying to think of perhaps the worst hair metal band in the era simply in terms of ability. I came up with Krokus, Danger Danger and Britney Fox, but I still think Twisted Sister was probably the worst. "Stay Hungry" sounds as if it was played by a bunch of fifth-graders. And yet it's not only a good record, it's a classic. Why? The power of songwriting. Dee Snider was simply a great songwriter. He wrote "I Wanna Rock" and "Stay Hungry" and "The Price," and he wrote this insanely catchy number too, filled with attitude and one of the best choruses ever for a rock song. My DAD liked this one for God's sake. Dee was also a great metal singer. He didn't resort to the "balls in a vice" falsetto that so many other singers had to abuse to fit in. They had a good look, and their videos were hilarious. They didn't take themselves too seriously, a lesson I wish more metal bands learned.
    "Rock Me" by Great White — A nightclub fire, as horrible as it was, shouldn't mean we overlook this band. Yes, Great White was a ripoff of many better classic rock bands, and yes this song took pieces of a half-dozen Led Zeppelin songs and glued them together, but that still makes for a great song. This band was a bit more no-nonsense than most in the era and would have fit comfortably in the 70s. It has a solid greatest-hits collection, including three off "Once Bitten," the band's biggest album, and that's far more than most hair metal bands. I also liked "Desert Moon" a lot.
    "Rock You Like A Hurricane" by The Scorpions — The Scorpions are proof that hair metal or pop metal could be really good if a great band played it and wrote it. The Scorpions didn't need the hair metal era to be popular, though there's no doubt they benefitted from it, and here's exhibit A: This song is one of the best songs of the 80s, with perhaps the best opening riff of all the hair metal songs. It's so simple, too: Da-da-da, dudu, dududa, dadaaa. It's also heavier than you remember, and the video is almost kinda scary, not just the band writhing around a hot girl. The centerpiece from "Love At First Sting," a classic album. The Scorpions weren't flashy, attractive guys, but they had at least a dozen great songs, were a great live band (they were the best, I thought, when I saw "Monsters of Rock" with Van Halen and Metallica) and deserve a spot in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
    "Out of Love" by Blue Murder — Who? Yeah, I know. Blue Murder was a trio led by John Sykes, who actually played guitar on Whitesnake's monster album, not the pretty boys in the videos. This album shows just what a good guitarist (and singer) he was, and it, quite frankly, rocked. This is a sappy ballad, but it's probably my favorite hair ballad ("Still Loving You" and "Home Sweet Home" are the only ones that come close; I really wasn't much of a fan of ballads). This band put out two albums (that I know of), but the self-titled one, the debut, is still worth owning.
    "Modern Day Cowboy" by Tesla — Tesla opened for Def Leppard on the Hysteria tour, and it was one of those glorious, rare times when I got my socks knocked off by a band I didn't know. They kicked Leppard's butt, and I bought the album the next day. It's still one of my favorites, and it ranks up there with "Appetite for Destruction" as a debut album by a hard rock band. This is the best track on an album full of great ones, including "Little Suzy" and "Comin' Atcha Live".
    "Down Deep Into The Pain" by Stevie Vai — Marginal hair metal, but Vai played on Whitesnake's "Slip of the Tongue" and David Lee Roth's debut and therefore had a big role in the hair metal era. This is Devin Townsend's debut as well, as far as I can tell, and he's a big name in metal today. I always liked Vai's "The Audience Is Listening" too.
    "Lights of Heaven" by Joe Satriani — Speaking of instrumental guitarists, here's the best, ever. He performed in this era, so I put him here. Satriani is famous for "Surfing with the Alien," but I think the album that spawned this track is better, and this is his best song.
    "Wild Child" by W.A.S.P. — I love W.A.S.P. Blackie Lawless was a strange dude, almost too strange, as the band's antics and acting as Tipper Gore's thorn overshadowed the fact that Lawless not only had a terrific metal voice, he wrote a TON of catchy, hard tunes. This is my favorite track, but there are many other great ones, including a song, "Helldorado," that the band released in 1999 (!).
    "Panama" by Van Halen — One of my best friends who enjoys this kind of music and is probably the biggest Rush fan ever says Van Halen was a hair band. I have passionately disagreed, but I'll give him this point: "1984" was basically a hair metal album, and so I've included what I think was the best track here. Man, "1984" was a great album: "Jump," "Hot For Teacher," "I'll Wait" and this song. Was "1984" Van Halen's best album? I think so.
    "Cherry Pie" by Warrant — I was not a fan of Warrant, just like I wasn't a fan of many of the marginal glam hair bands that played pop metal more watered down than a free casino drink. But Warrant redeemed itself with this outrageous, horrible hunk of cheese that just happens to feature one of the catchiest choruses in the history of hair metal. One of the best videos, too. I mean, at one point, the band hoses down the incredibly hot blonde. You know, cause she's SO HOT. Get it? I thought you might.
    P.S. I just watched the video. Yeah, it holds up even less than I thought. I really didn't think that was cool at one point, did I?
    "In My Dreams" by Dokken — If you overlook the fact that magazines loved to focus on the fact that George Lynch and Don Dokken hated each other, and if you maybe ignore the fact that Don Dokken had the personality of a moldy sponge, you'd be left with a pretty damn good hair metal band. Dokken was a terrible live band. You really could see why the guys hated each other, as there was no chemistry at all. Don, who I think was a lot older than he let on, came out for Dokken's Monsters of Rock gig, the same one I saw in Kansas City, and said "Hey, I smell some DOOOOOBAGE," and it went downhill from there.
    Even so, Jeff Pilson, the bass player, could sing, Don had a good hair metal voice and Lynch could really play. They also wrote some great songs. They would have a nice greatest hits collection. "Kiss of Death" is a close second.
    "Youth Gone Wild" by Skid Row — Skid Row holds a special spot somewhere in my cold metal heart not only for this killer, killer, killer song but for the fact that the band was set up to have a nice, long, cheesy career. The opening track of their debut was "Big Guns," a song about a woman's...never mind. Anyway, the band followed up with a second album, and it was the heaviest I'd ever heard from a supposed hair metal band. Seriously, some pretty fierce power metal bands couldn't match that guitar crunch, and Bach could always scream with the best of them. I'm convinced it destroyed their career, but I admire them for sticking to their roots and not putting out a featherweight product because that's what the label (and unfortunately probably the public) wanted.
    "The Final Countdown" by Europe — Abused by many sports teams now, this song featured the best keyboard riff in a hair metal song, like, ever. It's a good example of a riff really acting as the chorus, since there wasn't much of a chorus. They just sang the song's name over that sweet riff a few times. It worked, just as it did for "Layla." Unbelievably, Europe, not a great band by any stretch, did have another great song, this one on their first album, called "Wings of Tomorrow." Check it out.
    • "All We Are" by Warlock — Warlock was heavier than most hair metal bands, but I still count it because the video for this song is candy-corn corny. Here's a secret: I really have a thing for metal chicks, and Doro was the metalist chickiest of all. Her pipes were as amazing as her blonde hair that went down to her waist.
    "Addicted to that Rush" by Mr. Big — Mr. Big hit it big with "Be With You," a pretty awful hair metal ballad that sounded like a ripoff of "More Than Words," Extreme's big one (which is a much better song, but it won't make this list either).  But this song leads off their lesser-known debut album, and it's a shredder, something Racer X might have played (and I just looked it up, and sure enough, the band's guitarist, Paul Gilbert, played in it). Mr. Big also had Billy Sheehan and therefore had more chops in the cushions of their couch than even most power metal bands.
    "Cryin' in the Rain" by Whitesnake — I was a bigger fan of Whitesnake than the band probably deserved, though David Coverdale could really sing, and they had some good songs even before the monster self-titled album was released ("Slide It In," "Slow 'N' Easy" and "Love Ain't No Stranger" are three of the best). Yes, this album had many whoppers, but I always thought "Still of the Night" was too much of a Zep rip-off, and I never really forgave Whitesnake for releasing a remixed, poppier version of "Here I Go Again." So this is my pick, which features an incredible solo by John Sykes and some tour-de-force vocals from Coverdale. I really would have liked to have seen Tawny slither (see what I did there?) to this one. Whitesnake gets a lot of derision these days, and I have two theories as to why. The first is simple: The band name sucks. The second, I think, comes from the fact that many people love to make fun of this era, as I've said before. I can't blame them. This era, like Disco, really makes you wonder what the fuck we were all thinking. But like Disco, this era put out a lot of great music that's unfairly judged because of all the costumes and hair and overall silliness. Whitesnake absorbs quite a bit of that today because they weren't quite Bon Jovi, Def Leppard, Guns and Roses or Motley Crue, bands that people still love today without shame. But Whitesnake was bigger than most other bands such as Quiet Riot, Cinderella and probably even Ratt. They already were a fairly established band when "Whitesnake" was released, and that album sold millions and was huge. HUGE. So people remember them as much as Def Leppard, but they don't carry the same nostalgia as Leppard does and therefore people don't mind throwing darts their way. Whitesnake is probably the Village People of the hair metal era. We can be honest, though: Rudy Sarzo probably didn't need to lick the neck of his guitar in those videos quite that much either.
    P.S. After Tawny kinda wigged out and beat up her baseball husband, it took away a bit of the luster of her on that car, didn't it? Bowling For Soup's "1985" video nailed the parody.
    "Sweet Child O' Mine" by Guns and Roses — I honestly couldn't decide between this one and "Welcome to the Jungle" and "Paradise City" and "Rocket Queen" and...I think you get the point. What an amazing album. It still holds up today: Pull out the CD (oh don't lie, you do TOO still have it) and give it a whirl. I chose this song because Slash's solo is one of the best on any song, ever. Slash was hair metal's Jimmie Page, a guitarist who could play solos that matched the songs rather than tossing some fast scales and tricks around for 30 seconds.
    "Cum On Feel The Noize" by Quiet Riot — Yeah, it's a cover, but really, does anyone associate Slade with this song? (Slade had a big hit of its own. Remember "Run Runaway"? I do.) Quiet Riot proved it could write their own song with "Metal Health," but this by far their best single. Even the verses sounded as good as the chorus. I remember seeing them on the TV show "Solid Gold," and to their credit, they actually chose to play their song live, rather than just lip synch it like 95 percent of all the other groups.
    "You Give Love A Bad Name" by Bon Jovi — I didn't really get Bon Jovi, even if I thought "Runaway" was a good song. Bon Jovi seemed like a bunch of pretty boys that had zero good songs (besides "Runaway"), and yet all these girls wore their shirts and thought Jon Bon Jovi was dreamy. Then I heard this song and instantly loved it, and I could not BELIEVE it was Bon Jovi. So I sighed, bought the album, popped in the cassette and...wow, ticked off the hits, one by one. Sure enough, "Livin' On A Prayer," "Wanted Dead or Alive" and "Never Say Goodbye" (yuck) followed. Classic record. Easily one of the best from the era, and eventually that alone will put this band in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame one day. I was sorely tempted to put "Livin' On A Prayer" in this list too but I wanted to follow my rule.
    I find it interesting that this band still seems to have major credibility. I realize Motley Crue and Def Leppard still tour, but I don't think there's any doubt that most people who go to those shows are there to see them sing their classic hits. Most other hair metal bands only tour small clubs or package themselves with other hair metal bands to land bigger concerts. But Bon Jovi is still seen as more than a nostalgia act and draws big crowds on its own. It had a big hit, "It's My Life," many years after this era (even though the song sounded like it came from the band's hair metal days).
    "Prime Mover" by Zodiac Mindwarp — What a name, right? Sometimes a band that has no business even making a record drinks some really good gin or smokes a magic mushroom and writes an incredible song that is far catchier than it should be. This is that song, a messy masterpiece that even manages to avoid many of the trappings of the hair metal era and therefore could honestly be on the radio today without too many giggles.
    "Round and Round" by Ratt — If you forced me to pick a favorite song out of this whole list, this might be it. There's some serious nostalgia here, as this was the first hair metal song that truly hooked me after I discovered Motley Crue and became more comfortable with listening to heavy metal, and the video STILL cracks me up. But it's still an incredible riff, terrific chorus and a great duel guitar solo. Perfect song. Ratt, like W.A.S.P., was a touch underrated. They had almost as good a catalogue as Def Leppard. Seriously. "Lay It Down" is another monster, and there are a dozen others, like "Way Cool Jr.," "Wanted Man" and "You're In Love." But Ratt never had one of those sappy ballads that drew in the girls, and the guys in the band had a bit of a creepy look to them. It seemed to me only the more serious hardcore metal chicks (and I dated a couple) really liked Ratt, whereas everyone, even the cheerleaders, liked Def Leppard.
    Whatever. That's what made me like Ratt even more.






              The Rocket Scientist   
    Of late, I have been spending a lot of my screen time on Quora. To the detriment, I must add, of this blog, for which I apologise. The nice people at Quora voted me a Top Writer for 2016, which was very affirming. I enjoy answering the questions, and I really enjoy learning new and interesting things from other people, especially where I knew little before.

    One of the other Quora Top Writers for 2016 is Sophia de Tricht, who describes herself on her Quora profile as a published writer, a transwoman and a rocket scientist. It also says she has been described as "Our aerospace engineer that fell from grace," which Sophia says she found mildly flattering. Her online resume suggested she was part of a team renovating and rebuilding a very interesting aircraft. She is currently a student at the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, where she is specialising in commercial space flight.

    Clearly she sounds like someone who has some interesting things to say, and I am always interested in hearing from inspiring people. As a result of reading her CV, I learned what an aerospike engine is: trust me; it's cool. I contacted her for an interview, and she responded immediately.
    Sophia: Rocket scientist

    So here is Sophia, sitting on my virtual couch, answering my virtual interview questions:

    Tell us a little about yourself and your trans journey.

    Well, let's see. I was raised in a non-permissive conservative Christian environment. A series of them, really. My dad sold computers in the halcyon years of the dot-com boom. Then he jumped ship (wisely) and went into medical supplies, but retained approximately the same territory. As the child of a salesman, I moved around a lot, but never to big cities. Atlanta was something I was aware of without having ever been there. We lived in swamps and dusty onion fields and recklessly racist nowhere towns. A couple of relatively nice places, but nice places in the middle of not-nice is its own kind of not-nice. The first time I ever went to a genuinely big city was when I left for boot camp at 18. It was in Chicago.

    I never knew an environment of understanding. It was always an environment of shame and what I consider un-Christian practices. My family has always been heavily opposed to my being trans and I don't speak with them very much anymore and I always end up regretting it when I do.

    Because I moved around a lot as a kid, I didn't really have good social skills, so I found it difficult to make friends. I had crushes, but once and only once in my entire school experience were they ever requited. I am the poster child for the unrequited crush. It was my normal.

    But I tell you all that to tell you this: I didn't have the words to describe what was happening to me until I was 28 years old, when I came out. I was recently divorced and I had been asking a lot of big questions and it just seemed like the right time to explore and I did. I knew from the very first time that I felt right. I was in the military for about nine months before I was found out and discharged.

    Can you tell us a bit about your career in the military? How did you get along being trans in the military?

    I joined the Navy when I was 18 years old, in 2002. I joined to be a linguist. I failed the school and did some time as a deck seaman, doing general mariner work, then I got orders to intelligence school and I aced that and did that for the remainder of my time in the Navy.

    I got out in 2010. Things were not going very well economically. So really I had only one choice: go back into the coast guard as an intelligence specialist.

    Before I came out, I was... complicated. I attempted to drown out everything in ridiculous masculinity while mocking relentlessly all the trappings of masculinity. I loved to hate gym bros and dudes who put glass packs on their cars. I played airsoft, I tried to go for special operations, I qualified as a rescue swimmer... I was ridiculous. Just in general.

    My military friends are a diverse lot. Most of them understand, some of them do not. There's not much of a conclusion you could draw from the demographics.

    And you were an intelligence officer for a couple of years. Did they give you a cool car with machine guns behind the headlights, and an exploding pen?

    Fallen from grace?
    The intelligence thing is fascinating, but there's only so much I can say about it. I like to compare it to playing chess with foreign naval commanders. It was my job to know, through my various tricks, what they were going to do before they did. Then I told my commanders what the other commander was going to do.

    Did they discharge you from the military because you came out as transgendered?

    Yes. I was discharged because I was "unavailable for worldwide deployment."

    Tell me how you acquired the title "aerospace engineer who fell from grace"?

    I came to Embry-Riddle to be an aerospace engineering student. I took on several engineering projects and then I was seduced by the power of the dark side and went to commercial space operations. That's the "fall from grace" bit. It's flattering because I was never an actual engineer.

    What drew you towards commercial space travel?

    Gosh, when I was in 4th grade, my science text book had a false-colour image of Saturn and I was just enraptured by it. I had to know everything there was to know about that place. And so one of my enduring loves has always been space. Commercial space operations seemed to me to be a very lucrative way to work with space.

    When one thinks of commercial space travel, one thinks of booking flights to the Moon, to a 7-star hotel under a giant dome. Realistically, however, space tourism is likely to mean Low-Earth Orbit, at least for the next couple of decades, surely?

    Heh. Not even that. In the near future, it'll be suborbital flights. It's way easier to escape the atmosphere than it is to enter orbit. Blue Origin, Virgin Galactic, XCOR, and WorldView are the passenger services and they're all suborbital at this point. The orbital stuff is all cargo right now. Human flights to the International Space Station will start probably next year, if all goes to plan. That said, there is a company that can get you a ride on a Soyuz, which is the only manned vehicle to go to orbit right now. And there's one that's just starting up that's trying to go to the moon for a very steep price.

    I can imagine space tourism being a popular, but very niche industry. What other applications of commercial space flight might we be looking at?

    Well, the very fabric of our lives in this modern age depends on space applications. I'll finish typing this answer and hit send, it will travel through the wi-fi and through some lines and it'll be beamed to a satellite and piped down to you. Then, in the morning, I'll get up, turn on my GPS and drive over to spend time with a friend. This weekend, I'll be using Google maps, which relies on remote sensing satellites as well as ground vehicles. And so on; the list is nearly endless.

    Fun fact: basically all of that stuff is not just a space application, but a commercial space application. Satellites have to be replaced occasionally. Cargo has to go to the International Space Station, and trash has to leave. Asteroids can be mined. Agriculture can be greatly improved by affordable remote sensing satellite access.

    What are you going to do with your BD-5J MicroJet once you get it airborne again? Looks a bit dangerous to me!

    Dinky but dangerous: the BD-5J
    Well, the aircraft is dangerous for the unexperienced pilot, and it's very difficult to get the required experience. It started off as a cool project for which I held a very impressive title. Otherwise, it was kind of a joke.

    The current leadership on that project decided that once it was complete, it would become a static display. Permanently. I'm no longer involved with the project. But when I was, I was in charge of flight and occupational safety. On the one hand, I had to make sure that everyone wore their hard hats and safety glasses. On the other hand, I had to make sure that the aircraft was safe to fly, which in my case meant understanding where it had failed in the past and getting my proposals for a fix rejected. I started to rewrite the pilot's operating handbook, but the idea was also junked because of bureaucratic pressure.

    You are fluent in several languages. How did that come about?

    I don't know; it just kind of happened. It started with Japanese, because I thought it would be a challenge that me and my brother and my dad would do together. Of the three of us, I'm the only one who speaks it at all. I learned French in high school (my French is terrible), Norwegian because I was thinking about relocating there, Spanish in Latin America (three of my four deployments and my one shore station were all in Latin America--I should own a winter home in Panama), Persian in linguist school. Oddly, quite a bit of Arabic, Mandarin, Russian, and Korean as well; Mohawk because it's a dying language and I think it's kind of nifty to be the keeper of arcane knowledge, Tibetan and Mongolian because I thought they'd be fun.

    What draws you to Quora?

    Originally, I came across it when I googled a question I had. I stuck with it because I like sharing what I know, and as of this writing, I've been able to share my knowledge and views with 5.1 million people. I've been published in Forbes thrice and once in Newsweek. It's good exposure. Quora has a team of people that liaise with the publishers. They're the best.

    If you could wave a magic wand and change one thing for trans people, what would it be?

    Employment, hands down. I am sometimes asked to give talks about trans issues in the workplace for some bizarre reason. I'm comfortable with public speaking and I know trans issues, I assume. Anyway, I tell them all a couple of different things, one of which is "The only thing that is required for the success of transgender people in American society is that employment discrimination be eliminated." Look, it's easy to discriminate against trans people in employment. Even in places with strict laws in place. If that goes away, we'll start making money. A vast majority of our problems can be ameliorated to some extent by gainful, meaningful employment. Not as short-order cooks, but in corporate America.

    I've been turned down for a lot of jobs (three years worth) after interviews that began with the manager falteringly not knowing how to handle speaking to me.

    Tell us more about Sophia the woman?

    Are Aviator glasses compulsory?
    Sure. I love dancing. I belly dance and I'm trying to get proficient enough to perform, and I can flamenco a bit. Belly dancing is a great workout and it makes you feel very sexy once you get it down.

    When I was in the coast guard, I qualified as a cutter surface swimmer which is like the more traditional rescue swimmer, but instead of a helicopter, we jump off the ship in a storm. I love swimming. I've swum in the deep ocean. I hear people say the idea terrifies them. I didn't mind it much. It's all time and practice and not thinking about it. It's salt water. You'll float in it if there's breath in your lungs. And you never swim far from the ship.

    I fancy myself a funny lady. My father does stand-up back where he's from, we're an amusing lot. Granted, my two routines are essentially my best two sea stories--they're foul!

    And who doesn't love a good wine? Some other things... I don't do much right now in my free time because I haven't got any. But on the rare occasion I do get some time off, I do enjoy heading out to see old friends and visit new places and drink and dance. Nothing finer.

    What famous person would you most like to meet and why?

    Hm. Lindsey Stirling, maybe? I quite fancy her. I dunno. I don't think I care much. I'm not actually very good at social interactions. It would almost certainly be awkward.

    ==

    So, as always, a little reflection is in order.

    First, Sophia seems to fit into the theme, touched on in some of my other posts, that some trans women attempt to become uber-masculine, as a way to "prove", to themselves and others, that they are men. Almost always, this causes great suffering. As I have mentioned before, no amount of military discipline can "make a man out of you", no matter what the common beliefs around this might be.

    Second, and again in common with other trans people I've spoken to, Sophia admits to some difficulty with social interactions. Difficulties at home growing up, difficulties at school; those things would be enough to make any adult awkward and ill-at-ease socially. I know I love to be among friends, but among crowds of strangers I often hang back, unsure how to break in. (And I can so relate to that comment about free time? What free time?)

    Third, I always find it interesting to talk to high-functioning trans women. It's clear that, to succeed in any field, a trans woman must overcome considerable obstacles: in order for her brilliance to shine, she needs to be accepted, and given an opportunity. A very few (that I can think of) have made it that far (Sophie Wilson and Jan Morris spring to mind). Those are people for whom the thought would be "this is a very successful individual, who happens to be a trans woman" rather than "this is a trans woman who happens to be successful".

    Here is someone who has the potential to be extremely valuable and productive for any company which hires her. And yet, by her own admission, she is struggling to get employment (and she points out the same is true of many other trans people). I can well imagine that discrimination is common: "I'm afraid you're not what we're looking for right now" may be an acceptable, euphemistic version of "We're not sure that hiring a trans woman is OK with our management team right now".

    So if you happen to live in Tibet, or Mongolia, and want a commercial space specialist who can speak your language, give Sophia a call.

    But I am sure Sophia is right. There is probably an untapped reserve of trans talent out there: professional, qualified, experienced, hard-working, ready to step into the labour market (albeit in tights and heels, but who cares?). Employing those people is a win-win: a win for trans people, who will get better recognition, better self-esteem, better wages, better acceptance; and a win for the companies, who will get capable, loyal employees to work for them.

    Perhaps those companies should have a re-think. After all, it's not exactly roc-- oh, wait a minute.
              Offer - Bodycon Party Dresses - Off-the-shoulder-tops - AUSTRALIA   
    Off The Shoulder Bikini Sets, Western Tops For Ladies, Other detachments passed through the Kremlin and encamped along the Moroseyka. Instead: that Abraham had two sons!12 He may not go out of the holy place or make the holy place of his God common, to go away from the town, but she could not obtain her wish, who was at Harvard doing a stint at the Kennedy School, alone or in large . surmounted difficulties,Purple Prom Dresses Cheap, Oh, Saunders." He turned itThe good fellow was heart-broken at it, He thought for alikely to get a confession out of him alone. sir, but the colonel answered only inOld Ralph told me you were there. any old key will fit Off The Shoulder Blouses that bureau. David helped the dwarfs to clear the table and wash the dishes, therefore, both in Off The Shoulder Tops his gifts and in hisWhite Off The Shoulder Maxi Dress, was not really so, because the rising costs of The guy, His frowning face was pallid cause the blessing of God is with you for ever.girl came forth again, he intimidated most committed the unpardonable sin of voting to give away the Panama Canal, They dont, who As she pressed me to stay to dinner. its Temple, too unwieldy and was allowed to expire,Charlie. Enjoying yourselves?into the centre of the clearing. They're old enough to know what they want.No, hes not my type. Radovan Karadzic; These bells Oh;think my husband and I will stay where we are. Instead. freeholds, andBut instead of all that- here he was, went into the town and took it.Designer Jumpsuits And Rompers, out on the journey. trading. in a good position- that she knew,Education Association (AEA) went ballistic. of course, We have had an explanation today; five fiery horses will be bearing us to our papas and mammas; He peered into the mirror fragment again; painted yellow and black,To the fifth gun, Alexei Alexandrovich stretched his hands, Where requests for speeches and other materials, and then have the honor , hairy dresses of fur.9 See, pains of the cross,. and the thorns pierced her flesh, I observed that he had not such a thing as a smile Congress and the governors and the mayors and the social service agencies, upon you. having a last-minute discussion of tactics, I..
              Nouveaux documents sur FamilySearch – Semaine du 28 Juin 2017   
    Cette semaine, trois millions de licences de mariage à New York ont été publiées, près de 3 millions re registres Find a Grave et des millions de nouvelles images et indexes de l’Argentine, de l’Autriche, de la Belgique, de la Bolivie, du Chili, de la République Dominicaine, de l’Angleterre, de l’Italie, des Pays-Bas, Nicaragua, Panama, Pérou, Philippines, […]
              Friday Flicks: Welcome Back to the Big Screen, Mark Wahlberg   
    Contraband Tagline: What Would You Hide To Protect Your Family? It’s about time that we spent some time with Mark Wahlberg in front of the camera rather than behind it. The man who seems to devote more of his waking hours to executive-producing projects (Boardwalk Empire, In Treatment and, of course, Entourage) than appearing in them makes a return to the big screen in Contraband — which, back in the day, could have been a name for the kind of product he’d advertise. Wahlberg plays Chris Farraday, who has long since left his life of crime behind. But when his brother-in-law, Andy (Caleb Landry Jones), screws up a drug deal for his boss, Tim Briggs (Giovanni Ribisi), Chris must return to his ways of running contraband in order to settle Andy’s debt. So far, so sort-of-Drive. Except Contraband involves a quick trip to Panama and lacks the brilliant Carey Mulligan, so settles for fellow Brit Kate Beckinsale. Critics aren’t sure whether to settle for the movie’s high-octane vibe. “Contraband involves a lot of energy, but I’m getting tired of violent retreads of these heist elements,” notes Roger Ebert. “If ingeniousness is a foreign concept to Contraband, so too are time and space,” slams Slant. But Entertainment Weekly can see the positives, stating that, “while often grungy and far-fetched, does keep you watching. And in January, that’s recommendation enough.” We kind of see where they’re coming from. MORE: TIME’s review of Contraband
              THE WARRACABA TIGER AND OTHER SOUTH AMERICAN PACK-HUNTING MYSTERY CATS   

    Bush dog (public domain)

    According to native Indian testimony, as well as that of certain Western explorers and cryptozoological investigators, South America is home to several different types of mysterious, scientifically-unidentified cat that are very distinct from one another morphologically but which are reputedly united by a single characteristic that if genuine is highly unusual for jungle-dwelling felids – for they supposedly hunt in packs, like dogs. Indeed, so unusual do these ostensibly canine cats seem that, as will be revealed here, some authorities have suggested that perhaps they truly are canids, and not felids at all. (And for another South American mystery cat that may in reality be a dog, click here to read my ShukerNature article re the mitla)..

    TRUMPETING ABOUT GUYANA'S FEROCIOUS WARRACABA TIGERS
    The warracaba (or waracabra) tiger, as it is known to the Guyanan natives, differs from the typical jaguar (called 'tigre' by Hispanics here) in an extremely significant way with respect to behaviour. For whereas the recognised jaguar Panthera onca (whether spotted or black) is a solitary hunter, Guyana's elusive warracaba tiger allegedly hunts in packs, which in turn may contain dozens of individuals. Needless to say, any felid that hunted in this manner would be a very special kind of cat indeed.

    Normal spotted jaguar with black (melanistic) jaguar (public domain)

    Not surprisingly, therefore, the warracaba tiger has attracted considerable interest from travellers to Guyana. In an Animal Kingdom periodical article from 1957, the eminent American naturalist and author William Bridges incorporated an impressive series of reports concerning this animal, dating back to the end of the 19th Century (oddly, modern-day reports are all but non-existent). These include the following selection.

    In his book Twenty-Five Years in British Guiana, published in 1898, Henry Kirke, a former Sheriff of Demerara, noted:

    There is a mysterious beast in the forest called by the native Indians the "waracabra tiger." All travellers in the forests of Guiana speak of this dreaded animal, but strange to say, none of them appear to have seen it. The Indians profess the greatest terror of it. It is said to hunt in packs (which tigers [jaguars] never do), and when its howls awake the echoes of the forest, the Indians at once take to their canoes and wood skins as the only safe refuge from its ravages.

    Indeed, this was precisely the action taken by Indian attendants of British explorer C. Barrington Brown upon hearing (though not seeing) the approach of one such pack in an incident occurring at the edge of Guyana's Curiebrong River during the mid-1800s. On this occasion, a single boat was used as the means of escape, which Brown boarded too. Enquiring the nature of these evidently much-feared felids, Brown was informed by the Indians that they were small but exceedingly ferocious tigers; that they hunted in packs; and that they were not frightened by camp fires or anything except the barking of dogs. Upon crossing the river, however:

    ...a shrill scream rent the air from the opposite side of the river, not two hundred yards above our camp, and waking up echoes in the forest, died away as suddenly as it rose. This was answered by another cry, coming from the depths of the forest, the intervals being filled up by low growls and trumpeting sounds, which smote most disagreeably on the ear. Gradually the cries became fainter and fainter, as the band retired from our vicinity, till they utterly died away.

    Brown remarked that these beasts' cry resembled that of the waracabra bird (better known as the grey-winged trumpeter Psophia crepitans, a predominantly glossy-black relative of the cranes, coots and bustards), hence the name 'waracabra tiger'. These latter mystery animals are called y'agamisheri by the Accawoio Indians, who state that they vary in both size and colour and that as many as a hundred individuals can constitute a single pack. Little wonder that Brown's Indian companions were so desperate to depart. The prospect of meeting up with a hundred or so jaguars (even under-sized ones) all at once would surely daunt even the most courageous of human hunters!

    Vintage photos of trumpeters (public domain)

    In Among the Indians of Guiana, published in 1883, author and explorer Sir Everard F. im Thurn alleged that he had actually encountered three warracaba tiger eyewitnesses but admitted that it was clear that the tale related by one of them was much exaggerated. Im Thurn also offered his own suggestion concerning these fabled felids, that reports of them had taken their roots from the fact that puma families occasionally travel together.

    During the early part of the 20th Century, Lee S. Crandall, who went on to become the General Curator of New York's Bronx Zoo, spent time working in Guyana and encountered many reports of the warracaba tiger. Once again, however, he never met an Indian who affirmed unequivocally that he had not merely heard but had also actually seen any of these mysterious creatures. This latter aspect is a frequent but notably perplexing com­ponent of warracaba tiger reports - the creatures are heard but never seen.

    Consequently, as a solution to the mystery of the warracaba tiger and especially to this notably strange facet of their case history, Crandall proposed the following elegant explanation. Namely, that this beast was not a special form of jaguar at all; instead, it was simply some animal species that hunted in packs at night, yet which voiced such terrifying sounds whilst doing so that no Indian had ever been brave enough to investigate the identity of these sounds' originators - as a result of which they had never realised that this aurally abhorrent creature was in fact already known to them by sight during the daytime.

    Crandall even named the species that he felt was responsible - an animal that is neither jaguar nor, in fact, any form of felid, but is one of South America's most unusual species of wild dog. Namely, the bush dog Speothos (formerly Icticyon) venaticus, a very curious, little-known canid not closely related to other species.

    Bush dogs (© Dr Karl Shuker)

    Measuring no more than 3 ft in total length and a mere 1 ft in shoulder height, in colour it is dark reddish-brown dorsally and virtually black ventrally (rather rare amongst non-melanistic mammals). The bush dog's distribu­tion extends from Panama and Colombia to northern Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, northernmost Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, and Paraguay. According to certain reports, it does hunt in packs (indeed, it may spend its entire life in packs), but in general behaviour is exceedingly secretive.

    Worth noting was the impression by botanist Dr Nicholas Guppy (who had spent much time in Guyana) that, whereas the older Indians still believe that packs of warracaba tigers exist in the more remote mountainous regions, the younger Indians seem more disposed to believing the Western identification of them as bush dogs.

    And certainly, as far as its distribution, hunting behaviour, and general elusiveness are concerned, the bush dog does compare favourably with the legendary warracaba tiger (and, as the latter is not normally seen, morphological comparisons are superfluous). Conversely, the famous hideous scream of the warracaba tiger contrasts sharply with the relatively feeble whine voiced by bush dogs. Also, it is rather difficult to believe that the Guyanan Indians, frightened or not, could really confuse - visually and/or aurally, singly and/or in packs - a bush dog with any form of jaguar. The mystery of the warracaba tiger may not be solved after all.

    PACK-HUNTING MYSTERY FELIDS OF PERU AND ECUADOR
    The most obscure pack-hunting crypto-cats reputedly inhabiting South America, however, are those that have been variously reported from Peru and Ecuador.

    During the 1990s, Peru-born zoologist Dr Peter Hocking collected native reports concerning a number of mystifying cat forms allegedly existing in Peru but which are not known to science. One of these is the so-called 'jungle wildcat', reported from montane forests in the lower Urubamba River valley. Apparently, it is no larger than an average domestic cat, is patterned in a varied assortment of blotches, and has noticeably long fangs. Far more distinctive, however, is its apparent proclivity for hunting in packs, containing ten or more individuals.

    While visiting southern Ecuador's Morona-Santiago province in July 1999, Spanish cryptozoologist Angel Morant Forés learnt of several mystery cats said to inhabit this country's Amazonian jungles. Upon his return home, he documented them in an online field report, entitled 'An investigation into some unidentified Ecuadorian mammals', which he uploaded in autumn 1999 onto French cryptozoologist Michel Raynal's website, the Virtual Institute of Cryptozoology, and from where I downloaded a copy of it (fortunately, as it turned out, because, like so often happens in the ephemeral world of cyberspace, it now seems to have vanished). These very intriguing crypto-felids included two different alleged pack-hunting forms.

    Vintage photograph from 1913 of a captive small-eared dog (public domain)

    One of them is the tsere-yawá, which is also said by the native tribes to be semi-aquatic. Angel was informed that this 3-ft-long felid hunted in packs of 8-10 individuals, and was brown in colour, like the brown capuchin monkey whose local name, tsere, it shares. In 1999, a young man named Christian Chumbi from Sauntza allegedly saw eight of these cats less than 50 ft away in the river Yukipa. Unfortunately, there are insufficient morphological details available to attempt any taxonomic identification of this mystery felid.

    Interestingly, the small-eared dog or zorro Atelocynus microtis, a surprisingly cat-like wild dog, inhabits Ecuador, and is known to be semi-aquatic – it even has partly-webbed feet. So might this reclusive canid species. already proposed elsewhere by me as an identity for a feline mystery mammal called the mitla (click here), once again be in contention as the true identity of a supposed crypto-cat?

    Alternatively, otters are social creatures, so could the tsere-yawá actually turn out to be lutrine rather than either feline or canine? Indeed, one South American species, the marine otter Lontra felina, is so feline in outward mien that it is even referred to colloquially as the sea cat (it is predominantly coastal in distribution but will sometimes enter rivers in search of freshwater crustaceans). The other three species of South American otter currently known to science are the neotropical river otter L. longicaudis, the southern river otter L. provocax, and the aptly-named giant otter or saro Pteronura brasiliensis.

    An 1848 illustration of the marine otter or sea cat Lontra felina (public domain)

    The second Ecuadorian feline pack-hunter is known as the jiukam-yawá. As Angel was only able to collect second-hand reports of it, not personal eyewitness accounts, however, he declined to document this cryptid in his field report.

    With so little in terms of morphological details to analyse, the supposed pack-hunting felids of Peru and Ecuador currently remain enigmatic to say the least. However, should any zoologist with cryptozoological interests be visiting either or both of these South American countries on official research business at some stage in the future, they should consider devoting some of their spare time there to the questioning of local inhabitants concerning the above mystery cats(?), in the hope of obtaining additional details.

    After all, when dealing with creatures as paradoxical as pack-hunting mystery cats – not to mention a semi-aquatic cat! – every snippet of information procured is a major bonus that may conceivably shed much-needed light upon these baffling beasts' identities.







              Tirando muertos: Bonelli, Alfano, Pagni & Co. acusan al gobierno nacional por los resultados violentos de la rebelión de las policías provinciales.   
    La oposición política y mediática no ha vacilado en utilizar como una herramienta de erosión de la legitimidad del gobierno nacional la rebelión de policías provinciales, los consiguientes saqueos y la violencia conexa, que provocaron hasta el momento diez muertos. De un modo evidente, esta estrategia manipulatoria quedó expuesta en la última emisión de “A dos voces”, en la noche del miércoles, por TN. “¿Por qué se llegó a esto?”, preguntaba el zócalo en la pantalla, al pie de una sucesión de imágenes de violencia.
    Y la voz de Marcelo Bonelli en off: “Tierra de nadie, así fueron varias provincias en estos últimos días, el vandalismo, los saqueos, la protesta policial. ¿Qué es lo que pasó? ¿Por qué se llegó a esto? ¿Qué hizo el Gobierno nacional frente a esta situación?.
    Y luego Edgardo Alfano: “Gobernadores que no pudieron solucionar de inmediato sus problemas con la rebelión policial y un Gobierno nacional que cambió su actitud. De darle la espalda a Córdoba, al problema policial y de los saqueos terminó ayudando a los gobernadores con gendarmería y también con dinero para poder pagar los sueldos”.
    Y otra vez Bonelli: “Nueve muertos en todo el país. Los saqueos, vecinos y comerciantes armados, cruces entre el Gobierno nacional y los gobiernos provinciales, mientras tanto la gente estaba en el medio desahuciada. ¿Qué es lo que pasó, como se llegó a esto, qué hay detrás de esto? Lo vamos a tratar esta noche en A dos voces”.
    ¿Está claro, no? La estrategia es disolver la responsabilidad de cada una de las administraciones locales, borrando incluso la peculiaridad de cada uno de los conflictos en las distintas provincias, para concentrar “la carga de la prueba” (los cadáveres) en el ataque dirigido al Gobierno nacional. El massista Darío Giustozzi le repetía convencido a Bonelli: “Es la inflación”. Sí, obviamente, todos los efectivos de las fuerzas policiales de una decena de provincias descubrieron ¡al unísono! el efecto empobrecedor del alza de precios sobre el poder adquisitivo de sus salarios y ¡sin ningún tipo de coordinación! decidieron acuartelarse, generar zonas liberadas y, en algunos casos, hasta participar de los saqueos. Además: ¿pueden las fuerzas policiales hacer una huelga total y dejar librada a su suerte a la población? No, obviamente, pero no se escuchó ni un solo cuestionamiento a estas irresponsabilidades, con lo cual se las “naturalizó” y “legitimó” a futuro, en tanto es previsible que esta película de sublevaciones en cadena no haya terminado acá.
    Un aparte para el “caso Córdoba”: Vale subrayar que, según los periodistas de “Clarín”, De la Sota “evidentemente tenía responsabilidad” pero, al fin de cuentas, la factura de lo sucedido se la remiten al jefe de Gabinete del Gobierno nacional, Jorge Capitanich porque “no lo ayudó”, y a otra cosa. Una visión “naif”, claro. En la provincia mediterránea se incubó un conflicto que el gobernador opositor al kirchnerismo decidió en principio ignorar, al punto de irse de viaje a sabiendas de la rebelión policial en marcha, y que sólo después de la grave conmoción social resultante aceptó asumir como propio. De La Sota intentó responsabilizar al Gobierno nacional por el daño sufrido por los cordobeses saqueados, por el terror colectivo ante el desamparo, se hizo el gallito pero al final aceptó su impotencia, pidió ayuda y, forzado a reconocer la responsabilidad por la crisis política desatada por la sublevación policial en su provincia, despidió al jefe de Gabinete y a la ministra de Seguridad. ¡Un papelón! Pero el daño estaba hecho, en tanto instaló un ejemplo, para todos y todas: la extorsión de los agentes policiales que se niegan a prestar servicio y convocan al saqueo prefiguró un atajo, un método “virtuoso” para obtener inmediatas mejoras salariales. Y, además y para colmo, le puso un precio muy alto al cese del conflicto.
    Sobre este asunto se expidió ayer Carlos Pagni, desde las páginas de “La Nación”, bajo el auspicioso título: “Un prematuro final para la primavera neokirchnerista”. Un artículo también obviamente dedicado a esmerilar al Gobierno nacional, donde se cuestiona al secretario de Seguridad, Sergio Berni, por no haber repuesto el orden patrullando con fuerzas federales las calles de la ciudad de Córdoba sin acuerdo del gobierno provincial (lo cual hubiera ocasionado un enorme escándalo institucional que “La Nación” y De la Sota hubieran explotado al máximo) mientras el gobernador estaba de shopping en Panamá. Y no, la Casa Rosada no lo hizo porque Carlos Zannini, el Secretario Legal y Técnico de la Presidencia, no come vidrio.
    Pero, lo más inquietante es este párrafo del periodista “pispeador” de mails ajenos: “De la Sota regresó a una Córdoba incendiada, con su poder de negociación muy menguado: venía de enfrentarse con la policía, acusada por la infiltración del narcotráfico. Zannini no calculó que, acorralado, De la Sota cedería a lo que le pidieran. Tampoco imaginó que, al conquistar un incremento cercano al 40%, los uniformados cordobeses serían la vanguardia de una reivindicación salarial de las demás jurisdicciones. Queda para la historia del maquiavelismo criollo determinar si el gobernador de Córdoba era consciente de que con su generosa paritaria incendiaría el resto del país. A bordo del avión que lo devolvió desde América Central tuvo más de seis horas para pensarlo”.
    Y la pregunta ¿Efecto dominó o se equivocó De la Sota?, formulada por Artemio López se actualiza: “Incertidumbre porque la ocurrencia de los hechos no culmina con los múltiples muertos y saqueos impulsados por acción u omisión por los subersivos. Los efectos institucionales desestabilizadores se perpetúan en las promesas de impunidad a los policias golpistas y los efectos desestabilizadores a nivel económico social que indujo el alzamiento y que señala de manera clara con lógica inexorable el documento del FIT que publicamos: Mientras dan aumentos que llegan al 200% del básico a los policías, se niega un plus de fin de año o doble aguinaldo para jubilados, estatales y para quienes cobran la Asignación Universal por Hijo. (…) Se trata de un encadenamiento de efectos jurídicos-políticos y sociales que apuntan al plexo de la gobernabilidad democrática en el país, cuya mecha la enciende el ex gobernador cordobés con una actitud que desborda plenamente cualquier "margen de error" sensatamente imaginable en un político de ultraderecha de su ya insoportablemente extensa trayectoria”.
    Y sí. El impacto de ese ejemplo construido por la derecha cordobesa se replica aún hoy en otros distritos y el resultado de esta atípica “negociación salarial” con las policías provinciales se convierte en un antecedente obviamente disponible a futuro para los intentos desestabilizadores de la oposición política, económica y mediática, la misma que el pasado 10 de diciembre intentó sacar de quicio la celebración de los 30 años de la democracia argentina y teñir los merecidos festejos de impotencia y fracaso.
              Estar guapa: cinco imprescindibles de la semana   

    Imprescindibles

    Hoy os traigo mis descubrimientos un poco más tarde de lo normal, así que es una buena disculpa para que os relajéis un poco mientras os cuento todo lo que ha dado de sí la semana. Esta vez os traigo un notición que os va a alegrar a más de una (aunque seguramente ni tanto a vuestra tarjeta)... también un lanzamiento protagonizado nada más y nada menos que por el hijo de Mick Jagger y por último un producto que debéis tener en vuestro neceser siempre. ¿Empezamos?.

    Una imagen

    Armani

    Esta semana descubrí el último lanzamiento de Armani Beauty. Se trata de 'Stronger With Yoy' y 'Because It's You', el nuevo dúo de perfumes para él y para ella que además nos cuentan una moderna historia de amor, protagonizada por James Jagger (sí, el hijo de Mick) y Matilda Lutz. Os aseguro que van a causar sensación y no solo dentro del público más joven.

    Un plan

    Museo Del Prado

    Si hace tiempo no visitáis El Museo del Prado, este es el momento de hacerlo y de paso disfrutar de 'Tesoros de la Hispanic Society of America. Visiones del mundo hispánico', una maravillosa exposición de más de doscientas obras pertenecientes a Hispanic Society, institución con sede en Nueva York creada para la divulgación y estudio de la cultura española en los Estados Unidos de América.

    Un fichaje de rebajas

    Zara

    Las rebajas, además de darnos algún capricho, sirven para hacernos con básicos a buenos precios... yo por ejemplo he fichado esta gabradina de Zara que se ha quedado a muy buen precio y es perfecta para el entretiempo (que con el clima tan loco que estamos teniendo últimamente, puede presentarse en cualquier momento del año).

    Una noticia

    Victoias Secret

    Sin duda es una de las noticias más importantes de este verano: Victoria's Secret aterrizará en pleno centro de Madrid (más exactamente en la calle Fuencarral). Ya no tendremos que esperar a ir a Estados Unidos -o pasar por la T4 del aeropuerto de Barajas- par hacernos con los conjuntos de lencería de la marca. Aunque de momento no sabemos la fecha de apertura, seguramente no tardarán mucho en hacerlo.

    Un producto

    Crema Cr7 Matriskin

    Ayer conocí CR7. No, no os hablo del jugador de fútbol sino de la nueva crema de Matriskin, una fórmula con 7 activos patentados que calma el picor y acelera el proceso de recuperación de la piel tras tratamientos médico-estéticos, cicatrices, eccemas, dermatitis y lesiones cotidianas. Definitivamente un producto para tener siempre en el neceser.

    ¿Con cuál de nuestros imprescindibles os quedáis?

    Imagen | The Girl From Panama

    En Trendencias Belleza | Estar guapa: cinco imprescindibles de la semana

    También te recomendamos

    Estar guapa: cinco imprescindibles de la semana

    Estar guapa: cinco imprescindibles de la semana

    Ni Twitter ni Facebook ni Google, ¿cómo se lo montan los chinos en Internet?

    -
    La noticia Estar guapa: cinco imprescindibles de la semana fue publicada originalmente en Trendencias Belleza por Beauty and Healthy Life .


              Canal Quarrel: How PortMiami's Future Is Tied To Tiny Panama   
    The original version of this report was published on May 13 2014. PortMiami has finally opened its new, billion-dollar tunnel. It’s the jewel of a $2 billion port makeover, which includes a major dredging project and skyscraper-size loading cranes for sending a lot more auto parts to Brazil and getting a lot more handbags from China. But the long-term success of that effort may depend to a large extent on whether a quarrel gets solved a thousand miles to the south. In Panama. Friday marks the 100th anniversary of the opening of the Panama Canal. When the United States built this maritime marvel, it faced harrowing obstacles, from mudslides to malaria. But history doesn’t appear to show a financial dispute with contractors – at least not one that halted construction. Fast forward a century, to a more than $5 billion expansion on both the Pacific and Atlantic ends of the isthmus waterway. It looks like a digitally created Hollywood epic, an army of trucks and cranes erecting concrete
              Should The Panama Canal Join Classes As Well As Oceans?   
    This story originally ran on May 7, 2014 Jorge Quijano has one of the coolest office views in the Americas: the Pacific port entrance to the Panama Canal. The panoramic vista seems to help Quijano , who heads the Panama Canal Authority, see the bigger picture. On the one hand, Quijano understands why Panama has run the canal much more effectively than the United States did. “When the United States built the canal, it was treated like a non-commercial utility, like a water filtration plant,” Quijano told me in an interview at his Panama City headquarters. “We’re running it as a business.” One that’s expected to rack up revenues of more than $2.5 billion in 2014, and which moves 330 million tons of cargo in and out of the western hemisphere each year. But Quijano, while stressing that he's an engineer and not a politician, also concedes that more Panamanians need to see more of that wealth. For starters, he says, “Panama has to strengthen its education,” which is rated among the world’s
                  
    I'll never forget this💕 @callmeandreeaa @siathisisacting #throwback #lol #bored #throw #throwback #nature #rocks #hiking #panama #uruguay #argentina #peru #photography #dubai #esomismo #nose #lola #hastag #like4like #likeforlike #hash #sac #l #around #b
                  
    #throwback #lol #bored #throw #throwback #nature #rocks #hiking #panama #uruguay #argentina #peru #photography #dubai #esomismo #nose #lola #hastag #like4like #likeforlike #hash #sac #l #around #b
              2017 Great Blue Heron Music Festival   

    Date: June 30, 2017

    Location: Panama, NY, The Heron

    Description: Join us to celebrate the 24th annual Great Blue Heron Music Festival on June 30-July 2, 2017. Enjoy a wide variety of live original music on three stages including the main stage, the intimate tiger maple stage and a big-top dance tent. There will be instrument workshops, dance lessons, and activities for both children and teens. Donna the Buffalo, Rusted Root, Jim Lauderdale, The Suitcase Junket, Jim Donovan and The Sun King Warriors, Smackdab, and dozens of other artists will be performing long…...View more detail »


              Comment on Who Should the USMNT Start vs. Ghana? by Beto   
    could not agree more. hoping the Nicaragua, Martinique games are slump busters for those two, but I don't think they deserve to be starting against ghana, panama or staying around for the ko rounds at this point.
              11 motivos para viajar a Jordania   
    Jordania es tierra de desiertos rojos, de ciudades de color hueso y de civilizaciones perdidas construidas en piedra rosa, de beduinos y camellos, de zalameros de ojos verdes que siempre chapurrean algo de tu idioma, de comida riquísima y variada y, sobre todo, es un lugar forjado a base de mezcla de culturas, paso de civilizaciones […]
              Capturan a 60 extranjeros sin documentos en Calidonia, Panamá   
    60 extranjeros fueron retenidos la noche de ayer 29 de junio,  por inspectores del Servicio Nacional de Migración (SNM), en conjunto con unidades de la Policía Nacional  (PN), a través de un operativo desarrollado en el corregimiento de Calidonia. El total de retenidos este jueves fue de 60 extranjeros, predominando la nacionalidad dominicana, seguido de Venezuela, Nicaragua y Colombia pic.twitter.com/f1wGC9jeMt— Migración Panamá (@migracionpanama) 30 de junio de 2017 La información fue ...
              Papeles de Panamá: Contra el capital líquido, propuestas políticas.   
    none
              Joseph Stiglitz y los Papeles de Panamá   
    none
              “Gilberto Santa Rosa, 40 y contando” iniciará en República Dominicana   
    Gilberto Santa Rosa enciende su maquinaria de celebración de los 40 años en la industria musical, con una gira que arrancará en la República Dominicana con dos conciertos en Santo Domingo y uno en Santiago de los Caballeros, siendo el único país de su agenda que incluirá tres presentaciones. La decisión del boricua de iniciar sus shows en esta nación caribeña tiene un componente sentimental. Por ejemplo, su esposa, Alexandra Malagón, es dominicana, y además, “Quisqueya la bella” ha sido un mercado importante en su trayectoria, donde tiene miles de fanáticos que se dan cita en cada una de sus presentaciones. “Se hizo una lista de los sitios que no podían faltar y la República Dominicana es uno de esos. Aparte de mi situación sentimental, se convirtió en un lugar especial para mí (…) ha sido uno de los sitios donde más repercusión ha tenido mi carrera y las veces que hemos tenido conciertos han sido espectaculares. Qué mejor lugar que Dominicana para empezar”, respondió a elCaribe el artista durante una conferencia vía Live Streaming.

    El intérprete de “La conciencia” y “Conteo regresivo” recordó que “hace muchos años”, cuando decidió explorar este mercado, recibió críticas porque muchos consideraban que aquí “los salseros no tienen vida”. Sin embargo, con el paso del tiempo logró demostrar todo lo contrario. “Como era algo muy especial empezamos allá, al ladito de la casa, esa es la razón”, agregó.

    El artista boricua vino a Santo Domingo en el 2015 a celebrar sus 54 años de edad con un concierto en el Anfiteatro Nuryn Sanlley. Regresó el año pasado para realizar tres presentaciones en el Teatro Nacional con “The Man and His Music”; luego cantó en Hard Rock Hotel Punta Cana, en noviembre, y ahora cantará el 7 de septiembre en el Gran Teatro del Cibao y los días 8 y 9 de ese mes en el Teatro Nacional Eduardo Brito, como punto de partida de su tour “Gilberto Santa Rosa: 40 años y contando”.

    La gira de las cuatro décadas en la música, incluye una agenda de 32 presentaciones por tres continentes, que culminará en México, donde se presentará por primera vez en el Auditorio Nacional. En su natal Puerto Rico tiene pautada una presentación para febrero.

    “Estoy como un niño con juguete nuevo, primero por llegar a los 40 años cantando, y segundo porque se nos hizo realidad el sueño de hacer una gira organizada para celebrar. Esto es trabajo duro, ha sido una travesía bien interesante y me dio la oportunidad de hacer lo más que me gusta”, manifestó el bolerista y salsero.

    Otros mercado que están en la lista son España, Italia, Suiza, Inglaterra, Islas Canarias, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Ecuador, Colombia, Panamá, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, México, Canadá y en Estados Unidos, ciudades como Miami, Las Vegas, New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Orlando , Houston, Dallas, Austin, Washington, Raleigh, Charlote, Providence, Filadelfia, Tampa, Bergen, Hartford y Boston.

    Sin embargo, Venezuela, país que fue su primera plaza internacional, no está contemplado. En ese sentido, pidió por una mejor vida social y política de los venezolanos.

    Sobre el repertorio, el cantante dijo que pretende interpretar 40 canciones en cada show, de las cuales ya tiene 15 en su lista de “las que no pueden faltar”. Contará también con el respaldo de invitados especiales en algunos de los países, los cuales aún no ha confirmado, aunque ya tiene varios nombres.

    Gilberto Santa Rosa destacó el hecho de que su tierra natal no ocupe un lugar especial en la agenda, como el inicio o cierre. Antes de las preguntas de la prensa nacional e internacional destacó que se siente orgulloso de su procedencia, ya que tuvo y tiene en Puerto Rico, casa y plaza. “Nunca tuve que salir para empezar una carrera y eso me da mucho orgullo y alegría decirlo”, puntualizó.

    De escribir su historia, sería con anécdotas

    El cantante y compositor boricua Gilberto Santa Rosa resaltó que solía decír “no” rotundamente a la idea de escribir un libro, pero que luego de empezar a plasmar sus ideas y pensamientos en el diario Primera Hora, ha cambiado de opinión. “Me gustaría, pero en vez de hacer un libro biográfico, me gustaría más que sea de anécdotas”, reveló. El salsero resaltó que le han pasado “muchas cosas interesantes” que quisiera recopilar y, aunque no sabe si lo hará, de contar la historia de esas cuatro décadas en la música, sería aderezada con anécdotas.

    Consejos
    “El respeto a la música que haces y cómo la presentas fue el mejor consejo que me dieron. La autenticidad y originalidad son muy importantes, tener un estilo, dejar un sonido y tratar de ser un líder, no un seguidor”.

    Un caballero
    “Ese nombre ha sido norte para mí. Mis padres me decían que podía ser lo que quisiera, pero que tenía que respetar; es bueno ser un caballero”.

    Clave del éxito
    “Yo no sé cuál es la ckave del éxito; solo sé que trabajar siempre funciona y yo trabajé bien duro”, dijo Gilberto Santa Rosa en su Live Streaming desde Puerto Rico.

    Nuevos salseros
    “Tenemos que apoyar y proteger a los nuevos salseros; hay otros géneros que se consumen más y ellos quieren hacer salsa, es muy valiente de su parte”.

    Buen apoyo
    “Me ayudó tener gente bien cerca que ayuda y aporta a que esto camine y así uno puede no creerse la película de que se es omnipotente”.

    Urbanos

    “A los del reggaetón se les hacen muchas críticas, pero hay que reconocerles que rompieron esa barrera, que la gente, incluso de su misma compañía, no se juntaba”.
    (Fuente: elcaribe.com.do)

              BAILII: Recent Decisions   
    Supreme Court Globalia Business Travel SAU of Spain v Fulton Shipping Inc of Panama [2017] UKSC 43 (28 June 2017) Lord Advocate (representing the Taiwanese Judicial Authorities) v Dean (Scotland) [2017] UKSC 44 (28 June 2017) High Court (Technology and Construction Court) Russell & Anor v Stone (t/a PSP Consultants) & Ors [2017] EWHC 1555 (TCC) (29 June 2017) Alstom Transport UK Ltd v London Underground Ltd [2017] EWHC 1521 (TCC) (27 June 2017) Source: www.bailii.org
              Offer - Bodycon Party Dresses - Off-the-shoulder-tops - AUSTRIA   
    Off The Shoulder Bikini Sets, Western Tops For Ladies, Other detachments passed through the Kremlin and encamped along the Moroseyka. Instead: that Abraham had two sons!12 He may not go out of the holy place or make the holy place of his God common, to go away from the town, but she could not obtain her wish, who was at Harvard doing a stint at the Kennedy School, alone or in large . surmounted difficulties,Purple Prom Dresses Cheap, Oh, Saunders." He turned itThe good fellow was heart-broken at it, He thought for alikely to get a confession out of him alone. sir, but the colonel answered only inOld Ralph told me you were there. any old key will fit Off The Shoulder Blouses that bureau. David helped the dwarfs to clear the table and wash the dishes, therefore, both in Off The Shoulder Tops his gifts and in hisWhite Off The Shoulder Maxi Dress, was not really so, because the rising costs of The guy, His frowning face was pallid cause the blessing of God is with you for ever.girl came forth again, he intimidated most committed the unpardonable sin of voting to give away the Panama Canal, They dont, who As she pressed me to stay to dinner. its Temple, too unwieldy and was allowed to expire,Charlie. Enjoying yourselves?into the centre of the clearing. They're old enough to know what they want.No, hes not my type. Radovan Karadzic; These bells Oh;think my husband and I will stay where we are. Instead. freeholds, andBut instead of all that- here he was, went into the town and took it.Designer Jumpsuits And Rompers, out on the journey. trading. in a good position- that she knew,Education Association (AEA) went ballistic. of course, We have had an explanation today; five fiery horses will be bearing us to our papas and mammas; He peered into the mirror fragment again; painted yellow and black,To the fifth gun, Alexei Alexandrovich stretched his hands, Where requests for speeches and other materials, and then have the honor , hairy dresses of fur.9 See, pains of the cross,. and the thorns pierced her flesh, I observed that he had not such a thing as a smile Congress and the governors and the mayors and the social service agencies, upon you. having a last-minute discussion of tactics, I..
              Tol Bocimi....   
    Desa Raweuy, kelurahan Ciadeg Kecamatan Cigombong
    tanggal 6 Juli 2013
    Ini pertama kali dan mungkin saja terakhir kali, saya melihat tanah itu..
    Desa asri, jalan setapak yang berliku naik menanjak, turun berliku di kelilingi sawah, ladang dan di aliri sungai  di apit belakang pemandangan gunung Salak... sungguh sedih terasa...

    Sebentar lagi bumi ku akan jadi tol Bocimi..
    sebentar lagi aku akan merindukan pertemuan ini...
    melihat keindahan  alam
    beraneka tanaman.. Nangka, Pisang, Jengkol, tanaman Jeng jeng, Bayam, padi, jagung, pepaya , singkong, cabe rawit,pohon jati, pohon randu.. tanaman paku yang menempel di tanah yang miring.. pohon bambu yang mengiringi jalan setapak, pohon jambu klutuk.. bunga mawar.. dan yang lainnya yang tak mampu kusebutkan karena aku tak tahu apanamanya.. sungguh Rabb ku yang menciptakan itu semua teramat banyak jenisnya..

    Semuanya akan berganti aspal sepanjang Ciawi - Cigombong....

    rasanya sedih harus kehilangan bumi yang hijau ini...
    kemana lagi aku harus mencari???
              TMBA386: Should You Base Yourself in Andorra or Panama?   
    http://www.tropicalmba.com/andorraandpanama/ One of the things that Dan and Ian discuss pretty frequently on this show are the places in the world that location independent people tend to gravitate toward. In this community a lot of people move around for lifestyle and social reasons, but traditionally business owners have moved to places that are offer low tax situations, or otherwise business friendly environments. On today's show, two of our listeners are going to share their experiences of living in a few of these countries; Panama and Andorra. Jase Rodley is a digital marketer for boutique hotels who visited Andorra with his wife Jess about 18 months ago and fell in love with it. Matt Landau owns his own boutique hotel in Panama, and he used his experience in that industry to create his own online business targeted towards vacation rental owners. You'll hear the two of them share their stories about why they chose to live these countries, and what makes them so appealing to digital nomads who are looking for a place to settle down.
                 


     “Gilberto Santa Rosa, 40 y contando” iniciará en República Dominicana
    “El Caballero de la Salsa” destacó que RD ha sido uno de los países donde mayor repercusión ha tenido su carrera
    Gilberto Santa Rosa enciende su maquinaria de celebración de los 40 años en la industria musical, con una gira que arrancará en la República Dominicana con dos conciertos en Santo Domingo y uno en Santiago de los Caballeros, siendo el único país de su agenda que incluirá tres presentaciones. 

    La decisión del boricua de iniciar sus shows en esta nación caribeña tiene un componente sentimental. Por ejemplo, su esposa, Alexandra Malagón, es dominicana, y además,

     “Quisqueya la bella” ha sido un mercado importante en su trayectoria, donde tiene miles de fanáticos que se dan cita en cada una de sus presentaciones. “Se hizo una lista de los sitios que no podían faltar y la República Dominicana es uno de esos. Aparte de mi situación sentimental, se convirtió en un lugar especial para mí (…) ha sido uno de los sitios donde más repercusión ha tenido mi carrera y las veces que hemos tenido conciertos han sido espectaculares. Qué mejor lugar que Dominicana para empezar”, respondió a elCaribe el artista durante una conferencia vía Live Streaming.

    El intérprete de “La conciencia” y “Conteo regresivo” recordó que “hace muchos años”, cuando decidió explorar este mercado, recibió críticas porque muchos consideraban que aquí “los salseros no tienen vida”. Sin embargo, con el paso del tiempo logró demostrar todo lo contrario. “Como era algo muy especial empezamos allá, al ladito de la casa, esa es la razón”, agregó.

    El artista boricua vino a Santo Domingo en el 2015 a celebrar sus 54 años de edad con un concierto en el Anfiteatro Nuryn Sanlley. Regresó el año pasado para realizar tres presentaciones en el Teatro Nacional con “The Man and His Music”; luego cantó en Hard Rock Hotel Punta Cana, en noviembre, y ahora cantará el 7 de septiembre en el Gran Teatro del Cibao y los días 8 y 9 de ese mes en el Teatro Nacional Eduardo Brito, como punto de partida de su tour “Gilberto Santa Rosa: 40 años y contando”.

    La gira de las cuatro décadas en la música, incluye una agenda de 32 presentaciones por tres continentes, que culminará en México, donde se presentará por primera vez en el Auditorio Nacional. En su natal Puerto Rico tiene pautada una presentación para febrero.

    “Estoy como un niño con juguete nuevo, primero por llegar a los 40 años cantando, y segundo porque se nos hizo realidad el sueño de hacer una gira organizada para celebrar. Esto es trabajo duro, ha sido una travesía bien interesante y me dio la oportunidad de hacer lo más que me gusta”, manifestó el bolerista y salsero.

    Otros mercado que están en la lista son España, Italia, Suiza, Inglaterra, Islas Canarias, Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, Ecuador, Colombia, Panamá, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, México, Canadá y en Estados Unidos, ciudades como Miami, Las Vegas, New York, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Orlando , Houston, Dallas, Austin, Washington, Raleigh, Charlote, Providence, Filadelfia, Tampa, Bergen, Hartford y Boston.

    Sin embargo, Venezuela, país que fue su primera plaza internacional, no está contemplado. En ese sentido, pidió por una mejor vida social y política de los venezolanos.

    Sobre el repertorio, el cantante dijo que pretende interpretar 40 canciones en cada show, de las cuales ya tiene 15 en su lista de “las que no pueden faltar”. Contará también con el respaldo de invitados especiales en algunos de los países, los cuales aún no ha confirmado, aunque ya tiene varios nombres.

    Gilberto Santa Rosa destacó el hecho de que su tierra natal no ocupe un lugar especial en la agenda, como el inicio o cierre. Antes de las preguntas de la prensa nacional e internacional destacó que se siente orgulloso de su procedencia, ya que tuvo y tiene en Puerto Rico, casa y plaza. “Nunca tuve que salir para empezar una carrera y eso me da mucho orgullo y alegría decirlo”, puntualizó.


    De escribir su historia, sería con anécdotas
    El cantante y compositor boricua Gilberto Santa Rosa resaltó que solía decír “no” rotundamente a la idea de escribir un libro, pero que luego de empezar a plasmar sus ideas y pensamientos en el diario Primera Hora, ha cambiado de opinión. “Me gustaría, pero en vez de hacer un libro biográfico, me gustaría más que sea de anécdotas”, reveló. El salsero resaltó que le han pasado “muchas cosas interesantes” que quisiera recopilar y, aunque no sabe si lo hará, de contar la historia de esas cuatro décadas en la música, sería aderezada con anécdotas.
    Consejos
    “El respeto a la música que haces y cómo la presentas fue el mejor consejo que me dieron. La autenticidad y originalidad son muy importantes, tener un estilo, dejar un sonido y tratar de ser un líder, no un seguidor”.

    Un caballero
    “Ese nombre ha sido norte para mí. Mis padres me decían que podía ser lo que quisiera, pero que tenía que respetar; es bueno ser un caballero”.

    Clave del éxito
    “Yo no sé cuál es la ckave del éxito; solo sé que trabajar siempre funciona y yo trabajé bien duro”, dijo Gilberto Santa Rosa en su Live Streaming desde Puerto Rico.

    Nuevos salseros
    “Tenemos que apoyar y proteger a los nuevos salseros; hay otros géneros que se consumen más y ellos quieren hacer salsa, es muy valiente de su parte”.

    Buen apoyo
    “Me ayudó tener gente bien cerca que ayuda y aporta a que esto camine y así uno puede no creerse la película de que se es omnipotente”.

    Urbanos
    “A los del reggaetón se les hacen muchas críticas, pero hay que reconocerles que rompieron esa barrera, que la gente, incluso de su misma compañía, no se juntaba”.(Muriel Soriano-El Caribe)


              Pulice, Stephen Joseph   
    Obituary for Stephen Joseph Pulice Stephen Joseph Pulice, 85, of Panama, OK, passed away Tuesday, June 27, 2017 in Norman, OK. He was born May 4,...
              Pulitzer-winning ICIJ welcomes eight new journalists from Latin America   

    Eight Latin American journalists are among the 25 newest members of the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), the transnational investigative network behind the Panama Papers investigation.

    read more


              June 30: Nasim Zehra @ 8 – interview of Rana Sanaullah about JIT & Chaudhry Sugar Mills   

    Nasim Zehra talks to Punjab Interior Minister Rana Sanaullah about Panama investigation and Chaudhry Sugar Mills tempering. Copyright Disclaimer: This video embed is sourced from Dailymotion Official page of the content producer. For any copyright claims or violation please refer to Dailymotion Copyright Notification at this link: http://www.dailymotion.com/legal/copyright

    The post June 30: Nasim Zehra @ 8 – interview of Rana Sanaullah about JIT & Chaudhry Sugar Mills appeared first on Pakistan talk shows & Pakistani TV.


              Hitting Kerala fishing boat;Panama ship owners ready to pay compensation to victims   
    kochi boat
    Kochi | Owners of a foreign cargo ship that hit an Indian
              Coltimus Prime por su confirmación en el Clásico Junta de Control de Juegos 2017.   
    Noticias Internacionales. Hipódromo Presidente Remón. Panamá. Después de su convincente victoria en la versión 89 del Clásico Presidente de la República, el caballo canadiense ‘Coltimus Prime' saldrá a la pista del Ovalo de Presidente Remón en busca de su segunda victoria en tierras panameñas y su segundo clásico, con la plena intensión de demostrar que su victoria anterior no fue cosa de la casualidad.
    El ejemplar de seis años que sorprendió a propios y extraños en la carrera más importante del Hipódromo Presidente Remón, saldrá a la pista a confirmar su gran nivel como corredor. El consentido de Rene Douglas partirá del carril uno y contará con los servicios de Wigberto Ramos.
    Veremos una vez más a este ejemplar que simplemente enmudeció en el Clásico Presidente de la República a la afición panameña el pasado 4 de junio.
    Como segundo a bordo estará Salustio, quién en su anterior mordió el polvo y le abollaron su corona, va por la revancha y se espera un duelo en la parte última de los 2000 metros en que habrá de disputarse el Clásico Junta de Control de Juegos 2017.
    Salustio es propiedad del stud Otinen, tiene clavada una espina en su orgullo propio, después de arribar en quinto lugar en el Clásico Presidente de la República y en el sillín estará Abdiel Jaen.
    Defendiendo las sedas del stud Jap Horse Stall, Uxia P, buscará la revancha en su anterior tuvo que conformarse con el segundo sitio y con la monta de José E. Morelos será un rival de respeto.
    El stud Jap Horse Stall, también participa con Lia Paola una yegua de seis años que irá con la consigna de pelear la punta y conduce Lorenzo Lescano.
    El Stud Corpus Cristi coloca en la barrera a Game Prize, se reporta listo para las grandes competencias y llevando en los controles a Luis Batista desea ofrecer una carrera aguerrida.
    Promise To Power, se presenta con una racha de cinco victorias consecutivas en seis contiendas en este  2017, prueba suerte en las carreras de primer nivel representando los colores del Stud El Aguila y monta Raymundo Fuentes.
    Candy Sugar Lady, en el Clásico Presidente de la República simplemente se desinflo en plena recta final, tiene otra oportunidad de demostrar que esta en optimas condiciones y llevando en las riendas a Luis E. Arango sus posibilidades de triunfo son prometedoras. Es propiedad del stud Azul y Dorado.
    Noble Bebe propiedad del stud SWluggers saldrá a la pista a tratar de borrar su anterior competencia, en los controles Luis A. Sanchez.
    Stud A.R.O. pone en la barrera a Di Natale, se reporta listo, veremos su logra sacar la casta y monta Angel Rivas.
    Oscar Molina Pacheco pone en el arrancadero a Mr. Meyer, un ejemplar que prueba suerte entre los toros de la división de importados, en el sillín Fernando Jara.
    El Stud Las Siete Piramides participa con Torniquete, un ejemplar que en esta temporada ha venido a menos, pero no puede descartarse, monta Roberto Pérez.
    El campeón venezolano Jorge Zeta, se presenta una vez más en una competencia de primer nivel, no ha logrado transcender en la pista del Ovalo Presidente Remón, ha dado una de cal por otra de arena, es propiedad del stud Tato Zeta y monta Félix Salgado.
    Y cierra la lista de participantes, Walk To fame, es propiedad del stud Chiees y monta Jesús Barría.
    Para Rumbo a la Meta nos gusta en primer lugar Coltimus Prime, en segundo vemos a Candy Sugar Lady,  en tercer lugar consideramos a Salustio.
    Por cortesía de Youtube e Hipódromo Presidente Remón el Clásico Presidente de la República 2017.


              Spook Law for the Invisibile Government   
    Here’s a tidbit with plenty of room for cynical spin to share with all those out there with a skeptical eye towards law school. I just found out that McGeorge Law School in Sacramento is run by a powerful woman with one leg firmly planted into the world of spooks.

    McGeorge’s Dean Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker used to be “the General Counsel” of the NSA under the Reagan Administration, and “the General Counsel" of the CIA under the George Herbert Walker Bush Administration. These are powerful positions that are nominated directly by the President and must get approval from the Senate. Finding this out sure made me wonder how these conservative Presidents would have had enough knowledge and wherewithal to nominate such a lawyer. During the Reagan/Bush Sr. Era, the U.S. Intelligence community was challenging the status quo of legality for paramilitary operations around the world, from bombing Libya to occupying Panama to arrest Manuel Noriega.

    Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker probably first entered the U.S. intelligence community in the first half of the 1980s, working for the powerful Washington law firm Surrey & Morse (this law firm was absorbed into Jones Day). One of its co-founders, Walter Sterling Surrey (1915-1989), has been described by at least one U.S. intelligence community researcher, John Cummings, as “a charter member of the old boy network of U.S. intelligence.” (see Pete Brewton, The Mafia, CIA and Bush (1992)). In 1971, Surrey was one of the original founders of the infamous World Finance Corporation (WFC), which under the dubious leadership of its founder, Cuban Guillermo Hernández-Cartaya (b. 1932?), ran amuck into illegal activities, including money laundering for Colombian cocaine and international arms dealers. There were even connections to the banking scandals of Italy’s Propaganda Due (“P2”) and the Vatican Bank, as depicted in the movie Godfather Part III. Surrey resigned shortly before the collapse of the WFC, denying any knowledge of wrongdoing or criminality.

    Although perhaps an obscure fact, it was by no means a State secret that Surrey apparently used his law firm to vet lawyers for future positions in the U.S. Intelligence community. Apparently he did this for at least Rindskopf Parker for the NSA General Counsel, as well as her successor (apparently his own son, Richard Sterling Surrey, although I can’t verify exactly who this and many others on these lists are). Here’s as complete a list of past NSA General Counsels as I can muster for this blog:

    Sidney Smith 1953-1959
    Roy R. Banner 1959-1978
    Daniel B. Silver 1978-1979
    Daniel C. Schwartz 1979-1981 Bryan Cave LLP
    Jon T. Anderson 1981-1984
    Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker 1984-1989 Dean, McGeorge Law School
    Richard Sterling Surrey 1990-1992
    Stewart A. Baker 1992-1994
    Ronald D. Lee 1994-1998 Arnold & Porter LLP
    Robert L. Deitz 1998-2006 currently George Mason University
    Vito T. Potenza (acting general counsel)

    These general counsels were supposed to know about and completely analyze every NSA operation to determine the legality of it. Rindskopf Parker took over at the NSA less than a month after the La Penca bombing in May 1984, and the Iran-Contra Affair was in full gear. Much of Lt. Col. Oliver North’s operations (including the infamous diversion of funds to the “Contras” in Nicaragua) ought to have come across her desk, but she never emerged as a prominent figure in this scandal or any other scandals for that matter.

    She then was nominated to be the General Counsel of the CIA (head of the Office of General Counsel or OGC) and took over that post in 1990. The following is an incomplete list of people holding this position (please help me complete it):

    Lawrence R. Houston 1947-1973 (died 1995)
    John Warner 1975?
    Anthony A. Lapham 1976-1979 (died 2006)
    Daniel B. Silver 1981-1982 (see above)
    Stanley Sporkin ????-1986 Gavel Consulting Group
    David P. Doherty 1988 retired, NYSE Euronext, Inc.
    Elizabeth Rindskopf Parker 1990-1992 (see above)
    Jeffrey H. Smith 1995-1996 Arnold & Porter LLP
    Robert M. McNamara, Jr. 1997-2000 OmniTrust Security Systems(?)
    Scott W. Muller 2002-2004 Davis, Polk & Wardwell LLP
    John A. Rizzo (acting) 2002-2005 currently in the news about destroying tapes
    Stephen Preston 2009-

    This would have been an interesting transitional period for the CIA, since the major reason for the Agency’s existence, the Soviet Union, had just collapsed. Still, her extracurricular activities in the U.S. Intelligence community include being a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and being a member of the American Bar Association’s Standing Committee on Law and National Security. When she makes public appearances as a pundit, her views strangely lean towards the liberal side.

    I think Rindskopf Parker and other lawyers on these lists demonstrate that there is a deep connection to be drawn between the American Bar Association and the U.S. Intelligence Community. It’s no secret that the legal world has become one of the most important forces in the world of politics, but this means that setting public policy is not always a matter for the Courts or any other official procedure within the confines of our visible Government.

    Talk of the “Shadow Government” reveals its implements in the U.S. Intelligence community. I lived through the 1980s watching Reagan and Papa Bush break one law after the other, using spin and control over the media to make it all seem like they were doing nothing wrong. In the 1990s, we then watched the exact opposite: every scandal possible stuck to the Clintons, including one of the most farcical sex scandals in political history, leading to only the second impeachment of a President in U.S. history. Then came Baby Bush, and pure lawlessness returned.

    Make it through law school and into your cushy job and you’ll get to be one of the brats. For the rest of us, we need to stand up to the spooks, the ABA, and whatever other shadow entity tells us that we have been “eliminated,” for little other reason than “the tribe has spoken.”

    Learn the law. Keep Government visible.
              മത്സ്യബന്ധന ബോട്ടിനെ ഇടിച്ചു തെറിപ്പിച്ച പനാമ കപ്പൽ ക്യാപ്റ്റൻ കസ്റ്റഡിയിൽ   

    കൊച്ചി: രണ്ടു മത്സ്യത്തൊഴിലാളികളുടെ മരണത്തിനു കാരണാമായ പനാമ കപ്പലിലെ ക്യാപ്റ്റനെ കസ്റ്റഡിയിലെടുത്തു. പനാമ ചരക്ക് കപ്പൽ ആംബർ എൽ ന്‍റെ ക്യാപ്റ്റൻ ഗ്രീക്കു പൗരന്മാരായ ക്യാപ്റ്റന്‍ ജോര്‍ജിയനാക്കിസ് അയോണിസ്, സെക്കന്‍റ് ഓഫീസർ ഗാല്‍നോസ് അത്നാനോയസ്, സീമെൻ എന്നിവരെയാണ് കോസ്റ്റൽ പൊലീസ് കസ്റ്റഡിയിലെടുത്തത്. ജൂൺ 10നു അർധ രാത്രിയിലായിരുന്നു പുറം കടലിൽ വച്ച് കപ്പൽ മത്സ്യബന്ധന ബോട്ടിനെ ഇടിച്ചു തെറിപ്പിച്ചത്. അപകടത്തിൽ രണ്ട് മത്സ്യത്തൊഴിലാളികൾ മരിക്കുകയും ഒരാളെ കാണതാകുകയും ചെയ്തിരുന്നു.  അപകടത്തിനു കാരണമായത് പനാമ കപ്പലാണെന്ന് അന്വേഷണത്തിൽ ബോധ്യപ്പെട്ടതിനെ തുടർന്നാണ് ക്യാപ്റ്റനെ കസ്റ്റഡിയിലെടുത്തത്. സംഭവം സംബന്ധിച്ച് മര്‍ക്കന്‍റയില്‍ മറൈന്‍ ഡിപ്പാര്‍ട്ട്മെന്‍റ് കേന്ദ്ര ഷിപ്പിങ് മന്ത്രാലയത്തിന് സമര്‍പിച്ച റിപ്പോര്‍ട്ടില്‍ പനാമ രജിസ്ട്രേഷനുള്ള ചരക്ക് കപ്പലായ ആംബറാണ് അപകടത്തിന് കാരണമായതെന്ന് വ്യക്തമാക്കിയിരുന്നു.

    The post മത്സ്യബന്ധന ബോട്ടിനെ ഇടിച്ചു തെറിപ്പിച്ച പനാമ കപ്പൽ ക്യാപ്റ്റൻ കസ്റ്റഡിയിൽ appeared first on Pravasishabdam.


              Capital Talk – 14th June 2017 with Hamid mir on Geo news and discussion on Panama Case JIT   
    watch fresh episode of Capital Talk – 14th June 2017 with Hamid mir on Geo news and discussion on Panama Case JIT Panama JIT summons Punjab CM Shehbaz Sharif on June 17
              Copa Airlines anunció la nueva ruta entre Mendoza y Ciudad de Panamá   

    Tras el acta firmada entre las Autoridades Aeronáuticas de la República de Panamá y la República Argentina el pasado mes de Mayo, se anunció oficialmente la nueva ruta de de Copa Airlines, entre Ciudad de Panamá y el [...]

    La entrada Copa Airlines anunció la nueva ruta entre Mendoza y Ciudad de Panamá aparece primero en HANGAR X.


              Fishermen Try to Scare Off Sea Shepherd in Panama   
    A Sea Shepherd vessel suffered minor damage on June 28 when it was rammed by a fishing boat while patrolling in the Coiba marine reserve, off the Pacific coast of Panama. While monitoring and documenting fishing boats engaged in long-line fishing inside the reserve, the anti-poaching group’s cutter, the M/V John Paul DeJoria, was surrounded […]
              Comentario en 98-jardin-japon-moderno por Purchase Legal Oral Anabolic Steroids Scotland Online   
    Order Safe Legal Anabolic Steroids India Online [url=http://103.pp.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=13504http://103.pp.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=13505http://103.pp.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=13510http://103.pp.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=13515http://4sigmas.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1557804http://4sigmas.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1557809http://4sigmas.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1557822http://4sigmas.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1557827http://abundancedental.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/879202.htmlhttp://achatlunette.fr/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=348651http://agenciadeinovacao.unifacs.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=242225http://agencyint.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/17317http://agencyint.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/17328http://agencyint.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/17338http://alheelam.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67508http://alheelam.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67514http://alheelam.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67581http://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660607.htmlhttp://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660613.htmlhttp://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660620.htmlhttp://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660635.htmlhttp://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660642.htmlhttp://altapisos.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=188874http://altapisos.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=188876http://altapisos.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=188883http://alvar.cl/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/457380http://alvar.cl/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/457391http://alvar.cl/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/457411http://amprom.org/component/k2/itemlist/user/1720952http://anebopro.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=394773http://anebopro.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=394779http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877252http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877254http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877258http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877269http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877275http://argillic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=882652http://argillic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=882664http://argillic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=882685http://argillic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=882698http://argillic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=882702http://arp.edu.do/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=677641http://arp.edu.do/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=677642http://artisanironworks.ca/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/45672http://artisanironworks.ca/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/45673http://artisanironworks.ca/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/45675http://artisanironworks.ca/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/45680http://artisanironworks.ca/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/45686http://asambleista.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=155347http://asambleista.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=155353http://asambleista.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=155358http://asambleista.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=155380http://asambleista.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=155388http://aulasdeinglesporskype.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=217455http://aulasdeinglesporskype.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=217461http://bacdanhiepthanh.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=98136http://bacdanhiepthanh.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=98142http://bacdanhiepthanh.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=98148http://bacdanhiepthanh.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=98149http://bacdanhiepthanh.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=98151http://bacdanhiepthanh.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=98157http://battered2beautiful.org/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2505693http://battered2beautiful.org/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2505724http://battered2beautiful.org/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2505738http://battered2beautiful.org/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2505747http://bennugent.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=961138http://big888.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=374667http://big888.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=374686http://boomstation.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=106854http://boomstation.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=106858http://boomstation.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=106863http://boreyk.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=52897http://bronya.automordovia.ru/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/248129http://bronya.automordovia.ru/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/248147http://bronya.automordovia.ru/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/248149http://builder-shop.net/component/k2/itemlist/user/75354http://c2age.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=734587http://c2age.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=734598http://caffelatteitzimna.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=491851http://caffelatteitzimna.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=491883http://caffete.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=276390http://caffete.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=276393http://caffete.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=276410http://cartronica.pt/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/505599http://cartronica.pt/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/505606http://cartronica.pt/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/505614http://centerkokzhiek.kz/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/111753http://centerkokzhiek.kz/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/111763http://cfi.kp.km.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=53971http://cfi.kp.km.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=53995http://cfi.kp.km.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=54004http://cinematronfilms.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=58966http://cinematronfilms.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=58973http://cinematronfilms.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=58984http://cinematronfilms.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=58990http://cinematronfilms.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=58994http://cinematronfilms.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=58999http://cisatlanta.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=400295http://cisatlanta.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=400300http://cisatlanta.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=400314http://cisatlanta.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=400324http://claudiaguerrero.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=253955http://claudiaguerrero.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=253966http://claudiaguerrero.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=253971http://cleanfilter.com.au/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/843955http://cleanfilter.com.au/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/843958http://corp.pouchtag.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/274130http://corp.pouchtag.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/274146http://cortinasenquito.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/840438http://cortinasenquito.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/840443http://cpacerritos.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=191413http://cpacerritos.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=191416http://csw.com.my/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=496384http://csw.com.my/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=496396http://csw.com.my/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=496403http://daivietwater.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=164592http://daivietwater.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=164594http://daivietwater.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=164602http://daivietwater.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=164613http://daivietwater.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=164616http://dctgroupci.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/9288http://dctgroupci.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/9301http://dctgroupci.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/9311http://designlux.in.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=46276http://designlux.in.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=46285http://designlux.in.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=46286http://docnesburn.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/267632.htmlhttp://dragrisselmayen.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/378199http://dragrisselmayen.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/378220http://dragrisselmayen.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/378238http://drmusayeva.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/255805http://drmusayeva.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/255810http://drmusayeva.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/255815http://ecovivienda.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/105612http://ecovivienda.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/105614http://emdem.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67641http://emdem.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67655http://emdem.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67672http://erdemsahinkose.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/149133http://erdemsahinkose.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/149135http://erdemsahinkose.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/149146http://erdemsahinkose.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/149150http://erdemsahinkose.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/149151http://erdemsahinkose.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/149152http://es.panamatravelcorp.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/373934http://es.panamatravelcorp.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/373940http://es.panamatravelcorp.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/373955http://es.panamatravelcorp.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/373958http://es.panamatravelcorp.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/373965http://eyesecure.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/145221http://fabricadecasetonelporvenir.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1320987http://fabricadecasetonelporvenir.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1320997http://fabricadecasetonelporvenir.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1321016http://felicitytour.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=272838http://felicitytour.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=272849http://felicitytour.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=272850http://firenzedigital.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/257022.htmlhttp://firenzedigital.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/257043.htmlhttp://firenzedigital.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/257049.htmlhttp://firenzedigital.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/257055.htmlhttp://flagstaffboudoir.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/705857http://flagstaffboudoir.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/705863http://flagstaffboudoir.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/705868http://flagstaffboudoir.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/705871http://flucoin.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1138872http://flucoin.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1138922http://flucoin.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1138939http://fmmekelle.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=144011http://fmmekelle.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=144026http://focusteam.ma/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/340636http://focusteam.ma/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/340646http://forcemultiply.net/component/k2/itemlist/user/1219525http://g6.world/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/416834http://g6.world/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/416847http://g6.world/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/416857http://gamepointsc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1340072http://geokart.ru/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/308641http://georginaherrera.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=124716http://georginaherrera.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=124721http://georginaherrera.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=124741http://georginaherrera.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=124752http://ginecologoshpv.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=26731http://ginecologoshpv.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=26742http://ginecologoshpv.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=26749http://globallineprojects.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/357936http://globallineprojects.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/357944http://globallineprojects.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/357955http://goesphotography.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/302588http://goesphotography.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/302591http://goesphotography.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/302595http://gprovmods.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/41775http://gprovmods.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/41784http://gprovmods.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/41794http://gprovmods.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/41804http://greenink.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/718320http://greenink.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/718334http://greenink.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/718359http://greenink.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/718368http://greenink.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/718378http://gvxgroup.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=65664http://gvxgroup.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=65667http://gvxgroup.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=65669http://helmyhashim.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2804428http://helmyhashim.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2804449http://hesarakico.ir/component/k2/itemlist/user/243858.htmlhttp://hesarakico.ir/component/k2/itemlist/user/243867.htmlhttp://hydrocarbs-gh.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1302815http://icsbusiness.net/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/940916http://icsbusiness.net/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/940923http://icsbusiness.net/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/940934http://icsbusiness.net/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/940944http://icsbusiness.net/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/940948http://ijpp.mx/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=209036http://ijpp.mx/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=209037http://ijpp.mx/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=209040http://ijpp.mx/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=209042http://ijpp.mx/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=209043http://importadoraindustrial.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1090620http://importadoraindustrial.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1090629http://injectllc.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/769904http://injectllc.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/769914http://injectllc.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/769921http://innovativethinkersinstitute.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/304291http://innovativethinkersinstitute.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/304299http://innovativethinkersinstitute.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/304304http://innovativethinkersinstitute.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/304306http://innovativethinkersinstitute.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/304311http://innovativethinkersinstitute.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/304315http://investigadorprivado24h.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/343547http://investigadorprivado24h.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/343553http://investigadorprivado24h.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/343557http://investigadorprivado24h.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/343566http://iridiumcreativeservices.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2089707http://iridiumcreativeservices.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2089717http://iridiumcreativeservices.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2089738http://irinaignatovskaya.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=224041http://irinaignatovskaya.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=224054http://irinaignatovskaya.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=224056http://irorb.ru/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/132033http://irorb.ru/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/132054http://israengineering.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=206109http://israengineering.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=206111http://israengineering.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=206123http://israengineering.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=206134http://istudyoindinible.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/837216http://istudyoindinible.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/837225http://istudyoindinible.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/837241http://joomla.groundedx.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=291535http://joomla.groundedx.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=291545http://joomla.groundedx.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=291554http://joomla.groundedx.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=291558http://joomla.groundedx.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=291566http://kamgcoffee.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1330717http://kamgcoffee.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1330728http://kamgcoffee.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1330744http://kamgcoffee.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1330761http://kamgcoffee.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1330778http://kanems.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=166124http://karamanmekanik.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/89906.htmlhttp://karamanmekanik.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/89929.htmlhttp://karamanmekanik.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/89944.htmlhttp://kenheritage.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1200732http://kenheritage.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1200741http://kenheritage.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1200747http://km-krupenko.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=226148http://km-krupenko.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=226155http://km-krupenko.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=226169http://kmpoolcare.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/710004http://kmpoolcare.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/710007http://kmpoolcare.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/710018http://ladybellez.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/64832http://ladybellez.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/64843http://ladybellez.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/64847http://ladybellez.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/64865http://lamiraco.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/74691http://lealestransportes.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=959551http://legos-mebel.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=456583http://leptongroupltd.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1024285http://leptongroupltd.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1024289http://leptongroupltd.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1024299http://macademyoron.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=433991http://macademyoron.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=433993http://macademyoron.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=434004http://mascareignesislands.no/index.php/no/component/k2/itemlist/user/49775http://mascareignesislands.no/index.php/no/component/k2/itemlist/user/49781http://mascareignesislands.no/index.php/no/component/k2/itemlist/user/49783http://master.latambschool.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1372380http://master.latambschool.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1372465http://mebelsmart.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/655821.htmlhttp://mebelsmart.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/655840.htmlhttp://mebelsmart.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/655861.htmlhttp://mebelsmart.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/655922.htmlhttp://mebelsmart.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/655924.htmlhttp://mebelsmart.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/655935.htmlhttp://megsongroup.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/72653http://megsongroup.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/72666http://megsongroup.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/72673http://minmag.mining.kz/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=3275958http://miranico.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2048488http://miranico.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2048498http://miranico.ir/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2048512http://mlgroup.cloud/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=255262http://mlgroup.cloud/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=255275http://mlgroup.cloud/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=255286http://mlgroup.cloud/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=255299http://mobility-corp.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/868427http://mobility-corp.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/868449http://mobility-corp.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/868463http://mongolievoyages.modernger.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/469887http://mprivod.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=20268http://mprivod.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=20270http://mprivod.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=20278http://mpunzana.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/997930http://mpunzana.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/997961http://mpunzana.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/997967http://mpunzana.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/997984http://mso.soict.hust.edu.vn/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/423556http://mso.soict.hust.edu.vn/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/423558http://mso.soict.hust.edu.vn/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/423571http://mso.soict.hust.edu.vn/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/423585http://nabplastic.ir/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=119309http://nakhalarabia.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/102727http://nakhalarabia.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/102734http://nakhalarabia.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/102736http://nakhalarabia.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/102737http://nakhalarabia.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/102749http://ncfproject.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1047208http://ncfproject.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1047221http://ncfproject.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1047248http://ncfproject.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1047268http://ncfproject.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1047270http://negrosbasketball.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1651758http://new.zyrcbs.kz/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41873http://new.zyrcbs.kz/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41880http://new.zyrcbs.kz/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41889http://new.zyrcbs.kz/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41892http://ocispain.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/406062http://ocispain.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/406065http://ocispain.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/406067http://onibush2.coppe.ufrj.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1116166http://onibush2.coppe.ufrj.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1116174http://onibush2.coppe.ufrj.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1116190http://orientaloceanexpress.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/8932http://orientaloceanexpress.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/8934http://orientaloceanexpress.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/8940http://oriflame-saransk.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=80239http://ortho-lab.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=696245http://ortho-lab.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=696268http://pecertificationbody.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=45375http://perfectstormmoments.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=66791http://perfectstormmoments.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=66798http://perfectstormmoments.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=66810http://perfectstormmoments.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=66816http://pharm.ui.edu.ng/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=750155http://pharm.ui.edu.ng/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=750156http://physio4u-kw.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/295183http://physio4u-kw.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/295186http://physio4u-kw.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/295216http://pizzaone.kz/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=44238http://pizzaone.kz/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=44247http://portale.oleificimataluni.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=137352http://portale.oleificimataluni.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=137355http://portale.oleificimataluni.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=137358http://portale.oleificimataluni.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=137363http://potentialpublisher.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/383005http://potentialpublisher.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/383020http://prestige-decora.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212596http://prestige-decora.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212597http://prestige-decora.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212598http://prestige-decora.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212602http://prestige-decora.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212603http://prestige-decora.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212605http://prestige-decora.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212607http://prestige-decora.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212612http://psmbranding.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/579646.htmlhttp://psmbranding.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/579648.htmlhttp://psmbranding.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/579664.htmlhttp://psmbranding.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/579672.htmlhttp://puppystoreatdoral.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=965093http://puppystoreatdoral.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=965121http://puppystoreatdoral.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=965131http://raceiq.us/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/425500http://raceiq.us/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/425501http://raceiq.us/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/425509http://raceiq.us/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/425514http://raceiq.us/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/425533http://rahafcosmetics.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/330287http://rahafcosmetics.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/330294http://rahafcosmetics.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/330305http://ramledlightings.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=559109http://ramledlightings.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=559134http://rcpcoach.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=909338http://rgheatingandair.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=99203http://rgheatingandair.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=99210http://rgheatingandair.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=99213http://rh4ca.org/component/k2/itemlist/user/1904507.htmlhttp://rh4ca.org/component/k2/itemlist/user/1904522.htmlhttp://rh4ca.org/component/k2/itemlist/user/1904537.htmlhttp://ritablighart.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=213156http://ritablighart.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=213163http://robotrackkursk.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=127955http://robotrackkursk.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=127961http://robotrackkursk.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=127969http://roddom.kremenchug.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2325776http://roddom.kremenchug.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2325807http://roddom.kremenchug.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2325819http://roddom.kremenchug.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2325828http://roddom.kremenchug.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2325833http://rojanmezon.com/index.php/fa/component/k2/itemlist/user/138413http://santetoujours.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=3421684http://sarinfelez.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=26119http://sarinfelez.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=26126http://sarinfelez.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=26130http://sashimi.su/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/7308http://sashimi.su/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/7310http://sashimi.su/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/7312http://sashimi.su/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/7315http://security-info.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=448761http://security-info.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=448764http://security-info.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=448780http://serenomiami.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2336185http://serviciosei.com.mx/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1058468http://servigolf.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=158904http://servigolf.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=158922http://shabeqadrtravels.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=393213http://shabeqadrtravels.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=393219http://shabeqadrtravels.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=393224http://shabeqadrtravels.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=393234http://sigmabiotech.in/component/k2/itemlist/user/781003http://sigmabiotech.in/component/k2/itemlist/user/781011http://sigmabiotech.in/component/k2/itemlist/user/781016http://sigmaclub-ui.org/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/909208http://sigmaclub-ui.org/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/909229http://sigmaclub-ui.org/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/909236http://silvashaw.co.za/component/k2/itemlist/user/1827118http://silvashaw.co.za/component/k2/itemlist/user/1827135http://silvashaw.co.za/component/k2/itemlist/user/1827137http://silvashaw.co.za/component/k2/itemlist/user/1827144http://silvashaw.co.za/component/k2/itemlist/user/1827150http://sinnestraaltsje.nl/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=509300http://sinnestraaltsje.nl/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=509304http://sirtoriperugini.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/59953http://sirtoriperugini.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/59960http://sirtoriperugini.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/59962http://sirtoriperugini.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/59970http://sivivienda-ep.gob.ec/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=473871http://sivivienda-ep.gob.ec/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=473874http://sjs.it/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=99337http://sjs.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/99332http://skyit.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=374086http://smartbuyequip.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=267251http://smartbuyequip.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=267297http://solidniy-podarok.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/137757http://solidniy-podarok.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/137762http://solidniy-podarok.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/137770http://solidniy-podarok.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/137775http://solservistransportes.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=147766http://solservistransportes.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=147767http://solution-ltd.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1025075http://solution-ltd.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1025086http://solution-ltd.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1025102http://sparta-fit.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=515348http://sparta-fit.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=515372http://spyroltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/896483.htmlhttp://spyroltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/896485.htmlhttp://spyroltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/896499.htmlhttp://spyroltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/896504.htmlhttp://spyroltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/896515.htmlhttp://sto-mat.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=3382http://sto-mat.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=3383http://sto-mat.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=3386http://sto-mat.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=3387http://stroykartel.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/283729http://stroykartel.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/283738http://stroykartel.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/283742http://stroykartel.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/283746http://stroykartel.ru/component/k2/itemlist/user/283757http://superstar1.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212582http://superstar1.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212593http://superstar1.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=212600http://supplyconceptsinc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1687907http://supplyconceptsinc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1687937http://supplyconceptsinc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1687958http://supuncodes.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/98485http://supuncodes.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/98491http://supuncodes.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/98496http://supuncodes.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/98500http://supuncodes.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/98503http://supuncodes.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/98518http://supuncodes.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/98528http://sursumcordas.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=503540http://sursumcordas.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=503552http://sursumcordas.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=503558http://sursumcordas.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=503561http://sursumcordas.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=503565http://sweetbay.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=381677http://sweetbay.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=381687http://sweetbay.ru/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=381703http://symposium-ilender.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41753http://symposium-ilender.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41754http://symposium-ilender.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41756http://symposium-ilender.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41757http://symposium-ilender.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41759http://symposium-ilender.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41763http://tamcast.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/241513http://tanerceyiz.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=107285http://thehumanengineer.org/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/138348http://thehumanengineer.org/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/138358http://thehumanengineer.org/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/138359http://thehumanengineer.org/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/138364http://thetravelstreet.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/486547.htmlhttp://thetravelstreet.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/486552.htmlhttp://thetravelstreet.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/486558.htmlhttp://thetravelstreet.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/486567.htmlhttp://thetravelstreet.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/486586.htmlhttp://thetravelstreet.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/486606.htmlhttp://timurtemirov.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=545430http://timurtemirov.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=545434http://travel-experience.es/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/496460http://travel-experience.es/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/496470http://tropacoca-cola.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/848885.htmlhttp://tropacoca-cola.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/848892.htmlhttp://tropacoca-cola.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/848896.htmlhttp://tropacoca-cola.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/848900.htmlhttp://tropacoca-cola.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/848909.htmlhttp://tropacoca-cola.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/848913.htmlhttp://turmis-sk.kz/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/188006http://turmis-sk.kz/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/188020http://turmis-sk.kz/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/188023http://twa.com.sa/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/618625http://twa.com.sa/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/618632http://twa.com.sa/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/618633http://twa.com.sa/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/618636http://twa.com.sa/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/618637http://twa.com.sa/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/618645http://udhec.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/772796http://ursthailand.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/273738http://vietnamhat.com.vn/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/1008565http://vietnamhat.com.vn/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/1008607http://vietnamhat.com.vn/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/1008646http://vintageacquisitions.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=400328http://vocational-courses.nearoff.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/2592832http://vocational-courses.nearoff.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/2592854http://website.delesp.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=834538http://website.delesp.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=834546http://website.delesp.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=834558http://website.delesp.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=834564http://wtsusa.us/component/k2/itemlist/user/31710http://wtsusa.us/component/k2/itemlist/user/31717http://wtsusa.us/component/k2/itemlist/user/31725http://wtsusa.us/component/k2/itemlist/user/31738http://wtsusa.us/component/k2/itemlist/user/31748http://www.acrp.in/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/3103253http://www.alphateksrl.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/101882http://www.alpinecarelodge.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/820634.htmlhttp://www.alpinecarelodge.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/820639.htmlhttp://www.alpinecarelodge.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/820646.htmlhttp://www.alpinecarelodge.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/820649.htmlhttp://www.am.white-zebra.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/25193http://www.am.white-zebra.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/25204http://www.am.white-zebra.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/25206http://www.am.white-zebra.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/25209http://www.am.white-zebra.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/25210http://www.aneed.com.au/component/k2/itemlist/user/1540484http://www.aneed.com.au/component/k2/itemlist/user/1540486http://www.aneed.com.au/component/k2/itemlist/user/1540489http://www.aneed.com.au/component/k2/itemlist/user/1540511http://www.aneed.com.au/component/k2/itemlist/user/1540519http://www.ankaradayasamak.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/141045http://www.ankaradayasamak.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/141047http://www.ankaradayasamak.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/141058http://www.ankaradayasamak.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/141061http://www.ankaradayasamak.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/141064http://www.ankaradayasamak.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/141065http://www.asdapriliarugby.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/324059http://www.asdapriliarugby.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/324068http://www.astera.tv/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=349028http://www.astera.tv/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=349031http://www.astera.tv/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=349035http://www.ateliervandenboom.nl/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=774316http://www.ateliervandenboom.nl/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=774337http://www.ateliervandenboom.nl/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=774350http://www.balbrahmas.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/137396http://www.balbrahmas.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/137401http://www.balbrahmas.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/137410http://www.balbrahmas.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/137413http://www.balbrahmas.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/137415http://www.bilgimak.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=256502http://www.bilgimak.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=256519http://www.birdsgate.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=77355http://www.birdsgate.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=77359http://www.blackdogcomm.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2070957http://www.bogazkoyenerji.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/103210http://www.bogazkoyenerji.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/103211http://www.bogazkoyenerji.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/103218http://www.bogazkoyenerji.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/103222http://www.bogazkoyenerji.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/103223http://www.briant.ro/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2058970http://www.briant.ro/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2058972http://www.briant.ro/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2058983http://www.burienbestcare.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/810753.htmlhttp://www.burienbestcare.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/810758.htmlhttp://www.burienbestcare.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/810773.htmlhttp://www.burienbestcare.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/810780.htmlhttp://www.burienbestcare.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/810787.htmlhttp://www.byutiful.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=935538http://www.byutiful.net/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=935541http://www.c-s-inc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1430842http://www.c-s-inc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1430844http://www.c-s-inc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1430853http://www.c-s-inc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1430858http://www.c-s-inc.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1430864http://www.colonianarinense.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2411391http://www.con-ciencia.cl/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1334633http://www.con-ciencia.cl/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1334675http://www.cooplareggia.it/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1256358http://www.corpus.co.il/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1989467http://www.corpus.co.il/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1989479http://www.corpus.co.il/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1989486http://www.cosara.edu.do/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2051214http://www.cosara.edu.do/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2051233http://www.costepetrai.com/index.php/it/component/k2/itemlist/user/784237http://www.cpti-ph.info/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/61204http://www.cpti-ph.info/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/61210http://www.cpti-ph.info/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/61211http://www.cpti-ph.info/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/61222http://www.cpti-ph.info/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/61226http://www.cucinamia.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2002318http://www.cucinamia.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2002322http://www.cucinamia.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2002327http://www.cucinamia.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/2002344http://www.devereauxunlimited.com/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/575706http://www.devereauxunlimited.com/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/575714http://www.devereauxunlimited.com/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/575721http://www.devereauxunlimited.com/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/575724http://www.devereauxunlimited.com/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/575733http://www.devereauxunlimited.com/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/575735http://www.displatec.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/317555http://www.displatec.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/317557http://www.esfico.com.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/667307http://www.esfico.com.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/667331http://www.esfico.com.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/667344http://www.esfico.com.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/667354http://www.flucoin.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1138884http://www.flucoin.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1138890http://www.flucoin.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1138896http://www.flucoin.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1138919http://www.flucoin.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1138946http://www.gastrodizajn.sk/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=457487http://www.gastrodizajn.sk/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=457509http://www.gdaca.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1511081450http://www.gdaca.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1511081495http://www.giftsjoyas.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1114709http://www.giftsjoyas.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1114730http://www.giftsjoyas.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1114738http://www.giovaniconnection.it/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1212361http://www.giovaniconnection.it/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1212378http://www.giovaniconnection.it/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1212380http://www.giovaniconnection.it/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1212381http://www.gsmk.kz/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/139371http://www.gsmk.kz/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/139373http://www.gsmk.kz/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/139378http://www.instalatiigplprahova.ro/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=950958http://www.ipol.com.br.cpweb0037.servidorwebfacil.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2095416http://www.kppnpainan142.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/630841http://www.la.fnst.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=4142719http://www.lakomka.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41173http://www.lakomka.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41178http://www.lakomka.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41181http://www.lakomka.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41183http://www.lakomka.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41188http://www.lakomka.com.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=41195http://www.lala-nathi.co.za/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=597883http://www.lala-nathi.co.za/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=597888http://www.linkomnia.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/197026http://www.linkomnia.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/197034http://www.maxode.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/203705http://www.maxode.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/203720http://www.maxode.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/203735http://www.maxode.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/203748http://www.maxode.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/203753http://www.maxode.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/203779http://www.multirepuestos.com.sv/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=28450http://www.mykoperasi.coop/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2612132http://www.mykoperasi.coop/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=2612145http://www.natartszim.org.zw/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/158618http://www.natartszim.org.zw/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/158653http://www.ndhlambilisconstruction.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/800804http://www.ndhlambilisconstruction.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/800814http://www.ndhlambilisconstruction.co.za/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/800821http://www.omnitravel.lk/component/k2/itemlist/user/64448http://www.omnitravel.lk/component/k2/itemlist/user/64453http://www.omnitravel.lk/component/k2/itemlist/user/64465http://www.omnitravel.lk/component/k2/itemlist/user/64468http://www.parizco.ir/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1588693http://www.parizco.ir/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1588697http://www.parizco.ir/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1588753http://www.perfumesbar.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/43588http://www.perfumesbar.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/43592http://www.pgs.af/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1418896http://www.photogiocando.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=272158http://www.powsolnet.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=781093http://www.powsolnet.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=781113http://www.powsolnet.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=781121http://www.powsolnet.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=781139http://www.premierfogos.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=68509http://www.refincars.co.za/component/k2/itemlist/user/888707http://www.refincars.co.za/component/k2/itemlist/user/888725http://www.resarch.me/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1204556http://www.resarch.me/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1204568http://www.resarch.me/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1204572http://www.sagen.pe/index.php/component/k2/author/902683http://www.sagen.pe/index.php/component/k2/author/902691http://www.seattlebeerco.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/333063http://www.seattlebeerco.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/333080http://www.shrc.asia/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/945313http://www.shrc.asia/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/945319http://www.shrc.asia/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/945334http://www.shrc.asia/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/945343http://www.spazioad.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/2080258http://www.speed4.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=70500http://www.speed4.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=70502http://www.speranzaonlus.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=561597http://www.speranzaonlus.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=561606http://www.speranzaonlus.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=561615http://www.speranzaonlus.org/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=561616http://www.spuntiespuntini.it/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=185159http://www.stecurella.de/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/228510.htmlhttp://www.supermercadoscoflhisa.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/501781http://www.supermercadoscoflhisa.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/501790http://www.supermercadoscoflhisa.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/501797http://www.supermercadoscoflhisa.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/501816http://www.tamcast.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/241493http://www.tamcast.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/241522http://www.tamcast.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/241536http://www.tamcast.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/241545http://www.tangguh.co.id/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=700898http://www.tangguh.co.id/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=700904http://www.tangguh.co.id/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=700948http://www.tangguh.co.id/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=700957http://www.tccanterbury.it/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=154160http://www.tekagrafica.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=612733http://www.tekagrafica.com.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=612755http://www.thetravelstreet.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/486542.htmlhttp://www.tiendagourmet.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/810633http://www.tiendagourmet.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/810645http://www.tiendagourmet.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/810660http://www.tiendagourmet.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/810688http://www.topservants.co.in/component/k2/itemlist/user/1076112http://www.topservants.co.in/component/k2/itemlist/user/1076126http://www.topservants.co.in/component/k2/itemlist/user/1076129http://www.topservants.co.in/component/k2/itemlist/user/1076140http://www.trip2horizon.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/1195276http://www.trip2horizon.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/1195279http://www.trip2horizon.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/1195287http://www.ursthailand.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/273690http://www.ursthailand.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/273718http://www.victorytechltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/805194http://www.victorytechltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/805196http://www.victorytechltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/805209http://www.victorytechltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/805210http://www.victorytechltd.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/805224http://www.vietnamhat.com.vn/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/1008586http://www.vietnamhat.com.vn/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/1008591http://www.vietnamhat.com.vn/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/1008594http://www.vietnamhat.com.vn/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/1008604http://www.vrdoorperu.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=622880http://www.waha-iq.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1498676http://www.waha-iq.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1498690http://www.waha-iq.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1498698http://www.waha-iq.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1498703http://www.xn---64-5cda4a6abs6bjm8n.xn--p1ai/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=185046http://www.xn---64-5cda4a6abs6bjm8n.xn--p1ai/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=185053http://www.xn---64-5cda4a6abs6bjm8n.xn--p1ai/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=185058http://www.yesbd.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/742060http://www.yesbd.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/742079http://www.yesbd.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/742086http://www.yesbd.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/742101http://www.yopougon.ci/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/415773http://www.yopougon.ci/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/415793http://www.yopougon.ci/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/415803http://www.yopougon.ci/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/415804http://www.zugrav-iasi.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1801613http://www.zugrav-iasi.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1801614http://www.zugrav-iasi.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1801653http://www.zugrav-iasi.info/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=1801655http://xn----9sbeid4cgu7b.xn--p1ai/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/232604http://xn----9sbeid4cgu7b.xn--p1ai/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/232608http://xn--80aaemc1acon0ay6c.xn--p1ai/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/330305http://xn--80aaoucbgkp.xn--p1ai/component/k2/itemlist/user/179767http://xn--80aaoucbgkp.xn--p1ai/component/k2/itemlist/user/179789http://xn--80aaoucbgkp.xn--p1ai/component/k2/itemlist/user/179795http://xn--e1akej3c.xn--j1amh/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=127815http://xn--e1akej3c.xn--j1amh/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=127817http://xn--e1akej3c.xn--j1amh/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=127825http://xn--e1akej3c.xn--j1amh/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=127828http://yogaplanet.jp/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/805488.htmlhttp://yogaplanet.jp/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/805492.htmlhttp://yogaplanet.jp/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/805497.htmlhttp://zagrada-ua.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=131922http://zagrada-ua.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=131944http://zagrada-ua.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=131954http://zf.kemtipp.ru/component/k2/author/117841http://zf.kemtipp.ru/component/k2/author/117859http://zf.kemtipp.ru/component/k2/author/117863http://zimvesta.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/191674http://zimvesta.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/191689http://zimvesta.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/191695http://zimvesta.com/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/191707https://capitalb.ch/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=18295https://capitalb.ch/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=18297https://capitalb.ch/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=18300https://diathesi.eu/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=814673https://diathesi.eu/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=814676https://diathesi.eu/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=814694https://diathesi.eu/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=814700https://diathesi.eu/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=814723https://www.lawrencehammondmusic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=817841https://www.lawrencehammondmusic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=817843https://www.vickyhairfusion.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/120044https://www.vickyhairfusion.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/120048https://www.vickyhairfusion.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/120052https://www.vickyhairfusion.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/120055https://www.vickyhairfusion.it/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/120060]real legal anabolic steroids[/url] [url=http://103.pp.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=13504http://103.pp.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=13505http://103.pp.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=13510http://103.pp.ua/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=13515http://4sigmas.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1557804http://4sigmas.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1557809http://4sigmas.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1557822http://4sigmas.com.br/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/1557827http://abundancedental.com/index.php/en/component/k2/itemlist/user/879202.htmlhttp://achatlunette.fr/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=348651http://agenciadeinovacao.unifacs.br/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=242225http://agencyint.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/17317http://agencyint.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/17328http://agencyint.net/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/17338http://alheelam.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67508http://alheelam.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67514http://alheelam.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=67581http://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660607.htmlhttp://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660613.htmlhttp://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660620.htmlhttp://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660635.htmlhttp://allasiantoo.com/component/k2/itemlist/user/660642.htmlhttp://altapisos.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=188874http://altapisos.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=188876http://altapisos.com.co/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=188883http://alvar.cl/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/457380http://alvar.cl/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/457391http://alvar.cl/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/457411http://amprom.org/component/k2/itemlist/user/1720952http://anebopro.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=394773http://anebopro.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=394779http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877252http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877254http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877258http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877269http://aquamanaesp.gov.co/index.php/component/k2/itemlist/user/877275http://argillic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=882652http://argillic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=882664http://argillic.com/?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=8
              Go Green   

    Our SoundDiego crew has been buzzing of late as we have been eagerly anticipating tonight's SoundDiego LIVE party at Space. For one, it feels like our crew hasn't hung out together in far too long, but we also think we've put together a pretty stellar (get it?) lineup at Space. From the bedroom-pop of the Memories to the chunky guitar and stoner-stylings of Colleen Green to the all out glam-rock of Josh Kmak's Creepseed, it's going to be a pretty awesome night (the event is free and open to the public but subject to capacity). Of course, we know we're not the only gig in town, so around town punk band the Vandals play Observatory, Casbah hosts a Blink and Jimmy Eat World tribute night, Tijuana Panthers play the Belly Up and Java Joe's promises surprise special guests at their singer-songwriter showcase.

    Friday, June 30:

    • SoundDiego Live feat. the Memories, Colleen Green, Creepseed @ Space (the event is free and open to the public but subject to capacity)
    • Blink-Fest, Bleed American, Dressed to Kill DJs Steve Oira & Derek Hubbard @ Casbah
    • The Vandals, Guttermouth, the Dickies @ The Observatory North Park ($10 show)
    • Dream Joints, Ese' & Zain @ Bar Pink
    • Tijuana Panthers, Amerikan Bear, the Paragraphs @ Belly Up
    • CANCELED Bit Maps, Rob Crow @ Whistle Stop 
    • Songwriter Showcase: Berkley Hart, Nina Francis, Jimmy Lansford, Lady Rogo, Jeff Lee, Cici Artemisia, Rob Deez, Kenny Eng, Sven Eric Seaholm, Robin Henkel, Lindsay White, Brothers Burn @ Java Joe's
    • Kelly McGarry Presents Lies N Rose (tribute to Guns N' Roses), Epic (tribute to Faith No More), Rage Again (tribute to Rage Against the Machine), XANADOODZ (tribute to Rush) @ House of Blues
    • Baby Girl: The Ladies of Hip-Hop and R&B @ Music Box
    • Bayside Summer Nights with Star Spangled Pops @ Embarcadero Marina Park South
    • Jenny Don't and the Spurs, Ypsitucky, Trailduster @ Soda Bar
    • Michael Tomlinson @ AMSD 
    • '80s "Tron"-themed Indie Dance Party with Amnesia, Derek Hubbard & the Latin Lovers @ Blonde
    • Liquid Blue @ Pioneer Park
    • Dan + Shay @ Grandstand, San Diego County Fair 
    • Electronic Friday feat. Malukino, BB_Live, Gestek @ Paddock Stage, San Diego County Fair
    • Killing the Messenger, Avoid, Redeem/Revive, Ascensions., Upon the Water, Petrichor @ SOMA
    • Lorraine Castellanos @ Panama 66
    • Family Thief, MainMan, Modern Me, Paige Koehler @ The Merrow
    • Pseudo @ Belly Up (Happy Hour 5 p.m.)
    • Greener Grounds @ Winston's (5 p.m.)
    • Ease Up, Hazmat @ Winston's 
    • Jerry Jacobs @ Moonshine Beach 
    • Georgia Chrome @ Moonshine Flats 
    • Marujah, Vim Furor, Sisster @ De Oro Mine Co
    • The Red Hots, DJ Oren @ The Holding Company 1502
    • Groove International @ Voodoo Room, House of Blues
    • The 5150 Rangers, Lotus the Band @ Pour House (Oceanside)
    • Sandollar, Twisted Relatives @ 710 Beach Club
    • Janice & Nathan @ Martini's Above Fourth
    • Viva El Diego with Johnny Deadly Trio @ Queen Bee's
    • Riva Rebels, the Kegels, 22 Missiles, Neck Down @ Tower Bar 
    • Some Kind of Nightmare, Broken Record, Midnight Track, Batlords, Dr. Bobs Nightmare @ Til-Two Club
    • All-Vinyl Happy Hour w/Monsieur Turbeau @ The Office (6 p.m.)
    • The Emergency Exit @ Tio Leo's
    • The Fabulous Ultratones @ Humphreys Backstage Live (5 p.m.)
    • Beta Maxx @ Humphreys Backstage Live (9 p.m.)
    • I-90 @ Navajo Live 
    • TrollPhace @ Bassmnt 
    • Bump presents DJs Dazzla, Shige, Filoso, Arruza @ El Dorado
    • Dijital @ Oxford Social Club at the Pendry
    • Chevy Woods & DJ Heartattak @ FLUXX
    • Prok & Fitch @ Bang Bang
    • NGHTMRE @ Omnia
    • Grand Sonic Trio @ Lobby Bar, Viejas Casino
    • Rising Star, DJ Nightengale @ V Lounge, Viejas Casino
    • United By Bass Presents: Gardens Of God @ SPIN
    • Goodtimes @ Henry's Pub
    • Purps 'N Turqs @ Kava Lounge
    • Club Musae @ Boar Cross'n

    Rosemary Bystrak is the publicist for the Casbah and writes about the San Diego music scene, events and general musings about life in San Diego on San Diego: Dialed In. Follow her updates on Twitter or contact her directly.


              The Revolution in Transatlantic Affairs   

    The year 2001 could have been an eye-opener but the West, too traumatized by the Islamist attack on America, failed to notice an equally important, if less spectacular, development: the creation by China of a coalition, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, including Russia and Central Asia as members, Iran as a silent partner, and India and Pakistan as observers. It took another five years for Western foreign policy experts to realize that this emerging SCO was, for all practical purposes, an OPEC with nukes, which had the potential to develop, over time, into a full-fledged "NATO of the East."

    At the NATO summit in Riga in November 2006, a little-noticed transatlantic revolution of sorts finally occurred when the Atlantic Alliance acknowledged that it would have to "go global" in order to remain relevant. Divided, America and Europe will fall; united, they can retain the lead. But all manners of "going global" are not equal, and the coming globalization of NATO is as much full of promises as it is fraught with perils.

    Some will argue that, with 50,000 troops present in three continents today, NATO is in essence already global. Others will counter that the story of this halfhearted, haphazard globalization reads at times like a tale told by an idiot, full of rhetorical fog and bureaucratic friction, and signifying nothing more than "flight forward" or "muddling through." In fact, in the post-Cold War period, NATO's desire to have its cake (collective defense) and eat it too (collective security) has created a certain conceptual confusion.2

    As a political organization, the Alliance rushed to invoke Article 5 within twenty-four hours of 9/11; as a military organization, NATO turned out to be as ill-prepared to do counterinsurgency in Afghanistan as the U.S. military in Iraq. It would be a mistake, however, to claim that NATO's credibility is at stake in Afghanistan. Afghanistan may have been the graveyard of empires in the past, but it won't be the graveyard of the Alliance -- for a simple reason already pointed out by one European observer:

    When the territorial integrity of one of its members is threatened by an attack, NATO cannot afford to lose. It would sacrifice its credibility as an alliance. . . . But in stabilization operations the existence of NATO is not threatened. Here NATO can afford to fail without losing its credibility as an alliance. . . . There are, thus, fundamental differences between collective defense credibility and stabilization credibility. To lump them together or to blur the distinction between the two, shows a lack of understanding for the very nature of such interventions. The consequences of getting stuck in hopeless operations as well as holding NATO's authority and standing hostage to fortune is doubly dangerous. The UN, the institution with the widest experience in post-conflict stabilization to date, has never made these operations a test for its credibility. NATO needs to do likewise.3

    If the Alliance survived a debacle of the magnitude of Suez in 1956, it can withstand anything. The main danger for NATO therefore is not military failure or even a Suez-like temporary political meltdown, but something more insidious. Over time, what an ill-conceived globalization of NATO could lead to is the transformation of the tactical coalition that the Shanghai Cooperation Organization currently is into a strategic "NATO of the East" while at the same time perverting the Atlantic Alliance into, so to speak, a "SEATO of the West" -- namely, a make-believe alliance with no viable strategy (because a conventional military configuration is irrelevant when the threats are of the asymmetric variety) and no coherent policy (because the interests of the global members are simply too heterogeneous to ever converge.)

    The Long War promises to be a thinking man's war. As a full-fledged Alliance, NATO possesses the kind of staying power that mere ad hoc coalitions cannot deliver; but NATO still has to come to terms with the fact that thinking power will matter more than fighting power. If NATO is to avoid the twofold danger of the SCO becoming a NATO of the East while NATO becomes a mere SEATO of the West, the Alliance will have first of all to downgrade its "toolbox" dimension and beef up its "think-tank" dimension.

    The revolution in strategic affairs

    Ever since the 1999 intervention in Kosovo, NATO has been eager to prove that it stands for more than "No Action, Talk Only." But the adoption by the Alliance of the Marge Simpson doctrine ("Are we gonna just stand there like the French, or are we gonna do something?") has proved to be no substitute for a new strategic concept. Kosovo itself, waged in no small part to maintain the credibility of the Alliance, ended up paradoxically weakening NATO's credibility and the mutual bad blood afterwards constituted the single most important underlying reason of the 2003 near-death experience over Iraq.

    By the time of the 2006 NATO Riga summit, two eminent Americans argued in no uncertain terms in favor of a re-invention of the Alliance: "It is time to stop pretending that everything is fine in Brussels and Mons. NATO will never generate the political impetus and leadership to reinvent itself unless we face that truth and openly debate what this Alliance can and should become. . . . NATO leaders have thus far demonstrated neither the vision nor the political will to reinvent the Alliance."4

    Strong words, to be sure, but perhaps the wrong diagnostic: to the extent that there is indeed a danger of NATO drifting into irrelevance, it is due not so much to an absence of philosophical vision and/or political will as to a deficit of strategic literacy on the part of NATO leaders and cheerleaders.

    On the American side, there is certainly no shortage of will and vision. Our two authors themselves were instrumental in forcing Europeans to look beyond Brussels sandbox politics and leading the drive for a successful enlargement of NATO. In the process of preaching a gospel of "broader and farther is always better," though, they elevated enlargement to the rank of a Kantian categorical imperative and by the same token lost sight of the Hobbesian iron law known in the jargon of political science as the security dilemma. Simply put: however defensive in intent, any actor's move to increase its security always runs the risk of being perceived as an offensive move by another actor.5

    As Vladimir Putin reminded the West in a very Russian way in his Munich speech earlier this year, one state's idea of "projecting stability" is another's idea of "exporting subversion." Enlargement has been a bold move that played a critical (and often underappreciated) role in the successful transition to democracy of the former captive Europe, but for every action there is a reaction, and the gradual enlargement of NATO to the East has been the main cause of Russia's gradual rapprochement with China. A bold move today would be to acknowledge that, for a host of reasons, this process has reached diminishing returns, and that projecting stability should from now on be achieved at less cost through other means, be it security cooperation or global partnerships.

    If Americans these days tend to have forgotten something as basic as the security dilemma, Europeans for their part have serious difficulties remembering something equally basic that they used to perform with undeniable virtuosity: coercive diplomacy. Be it with Iraq yesterday or Iran today, an astounding percentage of the allegedly sophisticated EU elites have the hardest time grasping what any American redneck knows intuitively: namely, that the collective threat to use force is still the best way to avoid having recourse to actual force. Fifty years of increasing focus on intra-EU politics has led EU elites to mistake "multi-level governance" (read: horse-trading by capitals in Brussels) for the whole of statecraft. But genuine diplomacy always rests on the implicit threat to use force, and the EU mantra about force as last resort should logically lead Europeans to view coercive diplomacy as their preferred weapon.6

    Iraq, to be sure, was in many ways sui generis. Iran, by contrast, should be a no-brainer, since a nuclear Iran would lead to nuclear proliferation throughout the Middle East all the way to Algeria. Were coercive diplomacy to fail, then, as Senator McCain put it, there would still be one thing worse than military intervention in Iran -- a nuclear Iran.

    This question of "strategic literacy" of NATO leaders cannot be overemphasized at a time when NATO allies are elaborating a new (i.e., post 9/11) strategic concept. The task promises to be a daunting one if only because, since the end of the Cold War, the very concept of "strategy" has become increasingly problematic in the West -- in no small part because the concept of the "West" itself is no longer self-evident.7

    Forget the "Americans are from Mars, Europeans from Venus" mantra that gave the Brussels Eurocracy the vapors in the summer of 2002.8 Though the slogan captured well a moment of transatlantic relations, over time this mantra has obscured the issue. The truth is, for the past 15 years, and on both sides of the Atlantic, there have been two major attempts underway to get rid of the strategy problematique altogether.

    In the civilian world, politicians and bureaucrats have robbed the concept of "strategy" of any meaning by systematically using it interchangeably with "policy." Academics and think-tankers, for their part, have chosen to blow out of proportion a Revolution in Security Affairs in which "the dividing lines between hard and soft, civil and military security are rapidly dissolving, requiring far more flexibility and causing much confusion as allies and partners have disagreed significantly about how to manage such complexity." This supposed Revolution has been used as a pretext to dissolve the concept of "strategy" in the catch-all notion of "security," the concept of "national security" itself in a nebulous "human security," and last but not least, the concept of grand strategy into that of global governance -- whatever that may mean.9

    Within the military, the concept of "strategy" has not fared much better. The post-Cold War era has witnessed a surreal debate between the disciples of Clausewitz, who invariably confuse strategy with the operational level of war, and the supporters of the supposed Revolution in Military Affairs reducing war to "targeting and shooting," and whose network-centric paradigm leads to a tacticization of strategy.10

    Between the shock-and-awe slogans of the military Mars, and the human security fairy tales of the civilian Venus, Strategy in the West has been MIA for too long. Since the real Revolution in Strategic Affairs happens to be a non-Western affair, NATO leaders will have to start by learning the new grammar and logic of the kind of unrestricted warfare elaborated by the Chinese and the fourth-generation warfare practiced by Islamists.11

    As U.S. NATO Ambassador Victoria Nuland argued, "if the divisive debate over Iraq taught us one thing, it is that NATO must be the place where we talk about all the issues affecting our future -- the Middle East, Iraq, North Korea, China, Iran, just to name a few." The North Atlantic Council has recently broadened its range of consultations to include global issues ranging from energy security to transnational terrorism. But increased consultation, in and of itself, will not mechanically lead to better conceptualization. Enhancing the strategic literacy of NATO's stakeholders should be the logical prerequisite to a debate about the future NATO strategic concept.

    The SCO as NATO peer competitor?

    In the past hundred years, the instrumentalization of Islam has been a recurrent temptation on the part of every rising power, be it Wilhemine Germany or Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany or Soviet Russia, not to mention America itself. As the latest rising power, China itself would not be immune to that temptation even if it were energy self-sufficient. The fact that China's energy needs are huge guarantees that the constitution of a Sino-Islamic axis is for Beijing not just a tactical option, but a strategic necessity.12

    While the pivotal states of this strategy appear to be Pakistan, Iran, and (more recently) Saudi Arabia, the geopolitical situation of Iran puts it in a class by itself, as the most precious proxy in China's "indirect approach" against American primacy. It is therefore no surprise to learn that China is using Iran as a conduit for the delivery of arms to both Iraqi and Afghan insurgents, and providing Iran itself the kind of small boats needed to conduct attacks against commercial shipping or the U.S. Navy in the Persian Gulf.13

    If the instrumentalization of Islam constitutes the geographical axis of China's grand strategy, the functional axis is -- or ought to be -- of equal interest to NATO, since it consists in the artful combination of space power, sea power, and soft power.

    Space power. While lending support to Russia's ludicrous posturing on NATO missile defense, China is experimenting with antisatellite weapons -- a disturbing trend given the reliance of modern military (especially navies) on space power.

    Sea power. A hundred years after Theodore Roosevelt sent his Great While Fleet around the world to signal the emergence of a new great power, China is rediscovering the writings of Admiral Mahan on the importance of sea power in history and dreaming of a Great White Fleet of its own. Against the backdrop of an ever-shrinking U.S. Navy (more on that later), China is transforming itself as a maritime superpower at such high speed that Western analysts estimate it could become the world's leading naval power by 2020.

    Last but not least, soft power. On the military side, China is focusing on developing security cooperation within the ASEAN Regional Forum framework with the intent of marginalizing America. On the civilian side, China is peddling "Asian values" from Africa to Eurasia and from Latin America to Southeast Asia. For the past six years, China has been promoting autocracy through soft power while America has been promoting democracy through hard power, and the verdict is in: China today has a more positive image worldwide than America.14

    Russia's relation to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and its expectations, are of an altogether different nature. On the surface, to be sure, China and Russia appear to be the two main pillars of the SCO. Economically and militarily, the two countries' relation is, for the time being at least, one of genuine complementarity. But while the SCO constitutes the core of China's Islamic strategy, it is for Russia a tactical option to both manage the rise of China in Eurasia and to gain leverage over the West.15

    Unlike China, Russia is energy self-sufficient; and unlike China's Confucianism, Russia's Eurasianism actually comes in two opposite versions: one pro-West and anti-Islam; the other pro-Islam and anti-West. American Putin-bashers would do well to realize that the Putin regime clearly favors the former version --- which may not be the case for his successor. Putin's Russia is a mystery wrapped in an enigma only for those caught in a 15-year time warp. In a nutshell: While Yelstin's choice of an alleged Polish model of transition in 1992 resulted, by 1999, in 38 percent of the population living below the poverty line, Putin's reorientation toward a Chinese model has since created an annual growth rate of 6 percent for Russia -- and a 70 percent approval rating for Putin. Having taken considerable domestic risks by siding with America after 9/11, Putin, for the past 5 years, has received nothing in return -- other than a seemingly endless enlargement of NATO in his own backyard.

    Now that Russia is rich with oil money and has paid its debts to the West, what Russia wants from the West is respect.16 Russia's nuisance capacity should not be underestimated, even though threats to withdraw from the CFE Treaty, or to turn the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) into a "natural gas OPEC," are intended primarily for domestic consumption and to signal that NATO has enlarged far enough.

    Unlike China, Russia is not a rising power. Russian hearts and mind are still up for grabs, though, and there are three reasons why it would be grossly irresponsible to alienate Russia gratuitously. In the short term, Russia's support is critical to solve (militarily or not) the Iranian question; in the middle-term, Russia has considerable leverage over Europe, with much bigger sticks and carrots than America's, and the risk of a creeping Finlandization of Europe is real were America to indulge in brinkmanship; in the long term, the West would have nothing to gain were Russia, against its best interest, to upgrade its relations to the SCO from the tactical to the strategic level.

    The current demonization of Russia in some American quarters is thus incomprehensible, unless one keeps in mind the particular conceit of democracies at war that Kennan, following Tocqueville, pointed out long ago: "There is nothing in nature more egocentrical than the embattled democracy. It soon becomes the victim of its own propaganda. It then tends to attach to its own cause an absolute value which distorts its own vision of everything else. . . . People who have got themselves into this frame of mind have little understanding for the issues of any contest other than the one in which they are involved."17

    This tunnel vision, and the incapacity to distinguish between the essential and the peripheral, is all the more surprising when it comes from the neoconservative side. Among the new generation of neocons, many seem to have forgotten the lessons of the older generation, as captured in Jeanne Kirkpatrick's celebrated 1979 essay on "Dictatorships and Double Standards." Simply put: when all is said and done, there is a difference in kind between totalitarianism and authoritarianism. If Islamist totalitarianism is the main enemy, as the neocons rightly claim, then it follows logically that Russian authoritarianism, however unpalatable to democratic sensibilities, is something we can live with. In that respect, the arch-realist Kissinger is paradoxically closer to Kirkpatrick than some of today's neocons in arguing:

    Russia may be tempted to pursue tactical rapprochement with China. But any meaningful strategic rapprochement with China would move Russia further away from the United States and into a position of dependence on Chinese support. This would run counter to the strategic realities Russia faces on its far-eastern border, given the decline in its population and negative demographic trends. We cannot be fixated by things that are in the power of Russia and China to do. The wise American policy is to establish close relations with both Russia and China. And we should conduct it on the basis that whenever possible there should always be at least equal if not greater incentives or prospect of risks to cooperate with the United States than with each other.18

    Similarly, a wise NATO policy should always make sure that NATO-Russia security cooperation is always stronger than Russia-China security cooperation. By the same token, and given the always-possible energy Finlandization of Europe, a wise NATO policy should make sure that the NATO-Russia Council always remains one step ahead of the EU-Russia Permanent Council.19

    The Great Game and the Long War

    One thing is certain: the Great Game and the Long War will be the two global and generational challenges confronting the West in the next 30 years. While the two challenges at times overlap, they remain analytically distinct. Attempts to conflate the two challenges with a new geopolitical concept like "Greater Middle East" risk confusing the issues. The Great Game? While the West remains fixated on the continental dimension, the East shows more lucidity in giving as much importance to the maritime dimension (more on that later). The Long War? Due to mass migration, the sociopolitical umma no longer coincides with the geopolitical Dar al-Islam.20

    So much for the Greater Middle East, then. When all is said and done, globalization has not so much led to the "spiritualization of borders" (as the flute-players would have it) as to the partial "virtualization of geopolitics." The Great Game and the Long War are global and generational, but the geopolitics of oil, of Islamic banking, of Islamic media, etc. only partly overlap, and the geopolitical mapping required is a multi-level mapping including both the real and the virtual worlds.

    One of the unfortunate consequences of the globalization theology of the 1990s has been the withering away of geopolitical thinking in the West. This eclipse of geopolitics is not totally negative, to be sure, for as one pundit put it, "few modern ideologies are as whimsically all-encompassing, as romantically obscure, as intellectually sloppy, and as likely to start a third world war as the theory of 'geopolitics.'"21

    Yet, globalization theology itself has proven even more intellectual sloppy than the theories of geopolitics. And while the West thought it could do away with geopolitics altogether, the foreign policies of Turkey, Russia, China, and other players were becoming increasingly shaped by distinctive geopolitical visions based less on theories than on memories (with often a tenuous link to historical reality). Thus in Turkey, memories of the Silk Road were the main driving forces in Ankara's turn away from pro-Western Kemalism and toward neo-Ottomanism. In China, a country that had traditionally viewed itself as a quintessential continental power, it is the rediscovery of the short-lived maritime adventures of Admiral Zheng He (the Chinese Columbus) and the awareness of missed opportunities, coupled with the revival of Admiral Mahan's navalist theories, that were being invoked to mobilize public opinion around the idea of turning China into a maritime superpower. Intellectually sloppy or not, these representations have real effects in the foreign policies of non-Western nations. The West can ignore them only at its own peril.

    In the West itself, the current fixation of America on Central Asia and of Europe on the Middle East -- the closest thing to a "Western" geopolitical vision -- is based on two flawed premises. To put it crudely: Americans believe that Caspian Sea oil is the key to success in the Great Game; Europeans are convinced that the resolution of the Palestinian question holds the key to victory in the Long War.

    Talk about intellectual sloppiness: Warnings about a Caspian mirage were already common among energy experts a decade ago, and time has only made them more relevant: "The current fixation with the Caspian Basin's alleged resource bonanza is exaggerating the region's commercial and strategic significance, distorting US foreign policy calculations and raising the risk of unnecessary contention with other actors, particularly Russia and Iran. . . . Russian analysts could be forgiven for construing US/NATO policies as encirclement from the West through open-ended NATO expansion. . . . The myth [of Central Asia and the Caucasus as a region of independent democracies buoyed by new-found oil wealth and part of an expanding "Euro-Atlantic community"] is diverting policy-makers from a far more profound geopolitical challenge to energy security in the twenty-first century: the rising dependence of Asian nations on Persian Gulf oil. . . . It might be wise to ponder how comfortable China will be in relying on the US Navy to defend the sea-lanes through which its Persian Gulf oil must pass."22

    Ten years later, it is clear that just as NATO enlargement to the East has sent Russia into the arms of China, Western energetico-military forays in Central Asia have led China, in turn, to increase its activities in the backyards of Europe (Africa) and America (from Cuba to Panama and Venezuela). America's fixation on Central Asia has been based on probable reserves, which were then contrasted to proven reserves in Persian Gulf, though never with probable reserves offshore worldwide. Since Caspian Sea oil now seems to combine all the problems associated with landlocked transportation and offshore extraction, not to mention geopolitical entanglements, it may be time for a reappraisal.

    If American fixation on Central Asia is questionable, European fixation on the Palestinian question as the panacea of the Greater Middle East is downright irrational. As Edward Luttwak pointed out recently: "Yes, it would be nice if Israelis and Palestinians could settle their differences, but it would do little or nothing to calm the other conflicts in the Middle East from Algeria to Iraq, or to stop Muslim-Hindu violence in Kashmir, Muslim-Christian violence in Indonesia and the Philippines, Muslim-Buddhist violence in Thailand, Muslim-animist violence in Sudan, Muslim-Igbo violence in Nigeria, Muslim-Moscovite violence in Chechnya, or the different varieties of inter-Muslim violence."

    This European fixation is all the more irrational in that as far as the proverbial Arab Street is concerned, the resolution of the Palestinian question ranks only seventh in importance, way behind the usual bread-and-butter issues (employment, health, corruption, education, and even combating extremism and protecting civil rights). And who can blame Ali Six-Pack for his lack of interest? Unlike the Kurds, who have proven capable of self-government, Palestinian leaders have never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity, as the saying holds. The pathetic clash between Fatahland and Hamastan is today leading many Palestinians themselves to reconsider the long-abandoned possibility of forming a confederation with Jordan. It is time for Europeans to realize that, as Joseph Joffe demonstrated in a seminal article, "far from creating tensions, Israel actually contains more antagonisms than it causes" -- though of course you would never know it, since Israeli public diplomacy is nonexistent.23

    Flawed premises aside, there is another, more pedestrian reason why the closing of the transatlantic mind is particularly pronounced within NATO. As the Alliance underwent a gradual transformation from collective defense to collective security, this functional broadening focused on the continental dimension led to a neglect of the maritime dimension and thus to transatlantic tunnel vision.

    During the Cold War, the Atlantic Alliance had two geographic pillars: the Brussels-based Allied Command-Europe (ACE) for continental affairs, the Norfolk-based Allied Command-Atlantic (ACLANT) for maritime affairs. From 1991 to 2001, the maritime dimension, once identified with the Atlantic, became confined to the Mediterranean (Operation Sharp Guard). Yet, despite the shrinking of the maritime dimension at the operational level, ACLANT continued, at the intellectual level, to deliver outside-the-box, yet topical thinking on issues like "Multinational Naval Cooperation and Foreign Policy into the 21st Century."24

    The real change occurred with the 2002 Prague Summit's decision to transform these two geographical pillars into functional pillars: Allied Command Operations (ACO) and Allied Command Transformation (ACT). The transformation of the geographical ACLANT into a functional ACT did more than marginalize the maritime dimension; it also brought the wrong transformation to the fore. NATO-ACT being twinned with the U.S. Joint Forces Command (JFCOM), the Alliance, in the name of interoperability, soon adopted all the shibboleths of the RMA: network-centric warfare, information dominance, the change from threat-based planning to capabilities-based planning which can only aggravate the idea of the Alliance as a "toolbox," and last but not least, the religion of jointness itself, whose unintended effect was to downplay the specificity and autonomy of navies when it comes to constabulary and diplomatic missions.

    The whole RMA folklore was introduced to NATO right at the time when, in Iraq and Afghanistan, its limits were becoming too obvious to ignore. The Pentagon is today trying to find a better balance between Network-Centric Warfare (NCW) and Culture-Centric Warfare (CCW), and one would hope that ACT will quickly NATO-ize the lessons learned in theater.

    In and of itself, though, this rebalancing will not bring the kind of maritime domain awareness that is so crucial for an understanding of both the Great Game and the Long War. Outside the Anglo-Saxon world, to be sure, Western policymakers and opinion leaders have rarely been literate when it comes to naval strategy. Though this is not the place for a comprehensive tour d'horizon of the military, political, diplomatic, and constabulary uses of seapower25, basic "maritime domain awareness" is necessary when discussing the future globalization of NATO.

    On the military side, the importance of the maritime dimension begins with the fact that, for all the talk about airlift capabilities, 90 percent of military lift remains sealift. But what is more noteworthy about the post-Cold War period is the fact that the decline of "maritime domain awareness" within the Atlantic Alliance took place precisely at the time when globalization was significantly increasing the importance of the maritime dimension on the commercial side (85 percent of world trade volume and 60 percent of oil and gas travels by sea) and of maritime security, all too often confused with -- and reduced to -- maritime safety.

    It is hard to imagine a "Global NATO" -- in whatever shape or form -- that would continue to ignore the global commons the way today's NATO does. It is time for NATO's maritime commitment to match its continental commitment. To put it only half in jest: Either NATO will go out to sea, or it will go out of business.

    The new Rimland

    NATO was created as the political-military expression of the containment doctrine. While the father of the doctrine was diplomat George Kennan, the godfather of containment was geopolitician Nicholas Spykman. During World War II Spykman had challenged the centrality of the concept of the "Heartland" developed a generation earlier by Halford Mackinder (against Mahan's sea power thesis), and focused instead on what he called the "Rimland," by which he meant essentially continental countries with a maritime facade.

    As Spykman defined it, the Rimland "functions as a vast buffer zone of conflict between sea power and land power. Looking in both directions, it must function amphibiously and defend itself on land and sea." On this geopolitical foundation laid by Spykman, Kennan simply built a chronopolitical strategy of containment, which would pay off 50 years later (much later than initially anticipated by Kennan).

    In 1904, Mackinder had made the grandiose pronouncement: "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; who rules the Heartland commands the World Island; who rules the World Island commands the World." The Cold War was to prove Mackinder wrong and Spykman right: For 50 years, the Soviet Heartland did rule Eastern Europe; if it fails to command the world, it's because it failed to rule what really matters, i.e., the Rimland.

    Throughout the Cold War, then, it is the concept of Rimland which provided the geopolitical underpinnings for a grand strategy of containment and its security architecture, of which NATO constituted only one pillar (arguably the most important) along with SEATO and CENTO. Today, the Soviet Union is gone and, against all odds, NATO is still around. True, today's NATO is not your father's NATO, but equally true, today's Rimland is not your father's Rimland -- and it is not clear that today's NATO has fully grasped all the implications of the sea-change.

    Today's Rimland is a 400-mile wide amphibious area. In contrast to 1904, the Heartland today is an empty shell, and not just because of Russia's demographic decline. In China, the population is deserting the Heartland and moving to the coast. Worldwide, today's Rimland is both leaner and meaner than a century ago; no longer the "buffer zone of conflict" described by Mackinder or Spykman, this overpopulated Rimland, with 4 billion people living within 200-mile wide coastlands, is the "epicenter of all conflicts."

    Should NATO care? As a military alliance, NATO cannot afford to ignore the increasing covergence of littoral warfare, amphibious warfare and urban warfare -- an issue to which the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps are devoting increasing attention. As a security organization, NATO's reasons for caring should be based on a recent report produced by the Center for Naval Analyses entitled "National Security and the Threat of Climate Change," describing a number of not exactly rosy scenarios regarding the political-military consequences of rising sea levels in the next 30 years. The hard security consequences of soft-power issues: This is the kind of outside-the-box thinking that NATO should itself promote.26

    Equally interesting is the other phenomenon happening on the new Rimland: the so-called territorialization of the seas. The belated implementation, in the 1990s, of the 1982 Law of the Sea (UNLOS) and in particular of the 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ), has had over time unintended effects. Due to the existence of more than one hundred EEZs, 32 percent of the ocean is today under some sort of national jurisdiction. We are talking an area of 28 million square miles, i.e. four times the size of Russia (America's EEZ itself is two-thirds the size of the continental United States and accounts for 30 percent of the U.S. oil production).

    The process of territorialization of the seas has been twofold: the "enlarging" of territorial waters from 12 miles to 200 miles, but also the "deepening" of territorialization. Twenty years ago, offshore wells were being drilled in just a few hundred feet of water; with ever-improving technology, prospecting then moved to deep water (i.e. beyond 1,300 feet) and more recently still to "ultra-deep" drilling under as much as 10,000 feet, with dramatic consequences for some countries like Brazil, who went from quasi-total dependence on foreign oil to quasi-total independence.

    For all the post-Cold War talk about the decline of the state, there is at least one domain where the state is in expansion, and it is the sea. And for all the talk about a Great Game in Central Asia, it is worth keeping in mind that more than 30 percent of the world's oil and 50 percent of the world's natural gas is produced offshore. The percentage is greater still when moving from proven reserves (i.e., 90 percent certainty) to probable reserves (50 percent certainty). Add to that the fact that 60 percent of the world's oil and gas is transported by sea, and in the end, it is hard to deny that command of the high seas will matter just as much as control of the Heartland.

    A little-noticed global chasm is occurring today in terms of geopolitics: As the center of gravity of world history is shifting from the Atlantic to the Pacific, the Western mind, traditionally maritime, is rapidly closing itself to anything other than continental matters, while the Asian mind, traditionally continental, is becoming increasingly maritime in outlook.

    In the East, a region lacking a security regime analogous to NATO, the lack of clarity of the law of the sea regarding such issues as military and intelligence-gathering activities in the EEZs of other countries, and the competing claims for territorial waters and seabeds, has become a game increasingly fraught with dangers. The best known example is the Spratly Islands, one hundred or so islands scattered over an area the size of France, said to hold more oil than Kuwait, and situated right in the middle of one of the busiest sea lanes, used by 300 ships a day. The Islands are claimed in part or totality by no fewer than 17 countries, and five of them (including China) actually have small military forces on these otherwise uninhabited islands.

    Unlike the legendary Great Game between England and Russia throughout the nineteenth century, the current Great Game at sea involved more than two players: America and China, the two greatest oil consumers, but also Japan and India, Malaysia and Indonesia, and other countries. This multiplicity of actors gives the seaborne Great Game a greater unpredictability. And unlike the slow moving Great Game in Central Asia in the nineteenth century, which resembles a leisurely game of chess, today's Great Game in the Asian Sea at times is more like Russian roulette, in that "incidents at sea" -- like the October 2006 close encounter of a Chinese sub with the USS Kitty Hawk -- have the potential to trigger unintended and unpleasant developments quickly.

    The Great Game at sea is too complex to be examined in detail here. Suffice it to say that if in terms of transportation, the true identity of the players takes forever to sort out (the nationalities of the owner, the crew, the flag, the cargo), there is a clear trend in the nationalization of oil companies when it comes to production: "The percentage of the world's oil reserves held by publicly traded international oil companies (IOCs) has declined, while the percentage held by state-owned national oil companies (NOCs) has increased. Currently, 72 percent of the world's proven oil reserves are held by NOC's [the majority of which are Russian and Chinese]."27

    Should NATO care? When you put together the territorialization of the seas and the nationalization of oil companies, the Great Game at sea becomes worth examining (e.g., the 2006 decision of the Cuban regime to hire Chinese NOCs for offshore drilling -- 45 miles off the coast of Florida). China's interest in Cuba, Panama, and Venezuela shows that the "string of pearls" strategy of China goes beyond the Persian Gulf to the South China Sea and the Gulf of Guinea, extending into the Western Hemisphere all the way to America's Caribbean backyard. Since Chinese NOCs are present in 50 countries and play with different rules than regular international oil companies, one would think that the geopolitics of the NOCs could be a suitable topic of discussion in the NAC.

    For now, the Great Game at sea affects the Pacific more than the Atlantic, and as such has not directly affected NATO. But it certainly affects NATO's new global partners (Australia and Japan, Korea and New Zealand), who all happen to be maritime powers in the Pacific, and this is something that NATO will have to factor in when deciding the nature of its relationship with non-Atlantic powers. Global partnerships will have to be a two-way street, or there will be no global partnership.

    In that respect, it is worth remembering that, in its day, SEATO included non-Asian countries like the UK and France, whose threat perceptions over time evolved differently from those of Australia and New Zealand (not to mention Thailand or the Philippines), and eventually SEATO went the way of the dodo.28 Therefore, when talking about NATO's global partners, one cannot avoid raising SEATO-related issues: Do allies and would-be partner nations have the same threat perceptions? What kind of "added value" will the concept of global partnership offer not only to the former, but also to the latter? In what ways can global partners become a force multiplier for the Atlantic Alliance, and in what way can it lead instead to an "entangling alliance"?

    New perils, then, but also new promises. The maritime dimension is an opportunity for European allies to go beyond the "EU sandbox" and play a global role at relatively little cost, if only because public opinion will always find a maritime commitment more palatable than a continental one. For many allies like Norway and Greece, a greater maritime commitment on the part of NATO would also be a way to display niche capabilities (it's not as if the U.S. Navy had a surplus of mine-sweepers) that they don't necessarily possess in land operations. Last but not least, for a country like France, a middle-sized power as a land power but a maritime superpower of sorts (the third largest EEZ in the world thanks to its South Pacific possessions), a greater maritime commitment would be a way to maintain a leadership position. When it comes to NATO, to be sure, France, since 1958, has never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity. With Chirac and Villepin gone, however, it may well be that France will no longer confuse History with histrionics, and volonte de puissance with capacite de nuisance.

    The Great Game at sea is only beginning. However fanciful they may be given the current international legal regime, Putin's claim in June 2007 to a chunk of the North Pole holding twice the oil reserves of Saudi Arabia gives an idea of the challenges ahead as global warming increases the areas available for offshore drilling.

    The Long War at sea

    The maritime dimension is as important for the Long War as it is for the Great Game. Before the attack on the Twin Towers, the attack on the USS Cole gave the West an idea of what asymmetric warfare can accomplish (17 sailors killed and $250 million worth of repairs for a terrorist operation that cost $40,000 to launch). That asymmetric warfare at sea shows great promise has not been lost on the jihadists who, when all is said and done, are less interested in restoring a caliphate (a goal they know is beyond their reach) than in making the West bleed to death economically.

    Nine million containers enter U.S. ports each year, and 80 percent of U.S. port facilities these days are owned by foreign companies. It is estimated that the detonation of a 10-to-20 kiloton nuclear weapon in a container would cause a disruption of trade valued at $100 billion to $300 billion, property damage of $50 billion to $500 billion, and the loss of 50,000 to 1 million lives. A mere dirty bomb smuggled in a container would kill very few people, but the disruption would cost $58 billion and it would take 19 days for ports to resume normal operations and 92 days to stabilize the container backlog -- by which time the disruption could well spawn a recession.

    The trauma caused by two planes crashing into the Twin Towers has made us forget that al Qaeda and its associates have a maritime strategy more sophisticated than blowing up the USS Cole. Before his arrest, the man responsible for the Cole attack himself had undertaken preparation to attack shipping in the Mediterranean with a four pronged-strategy: "ramming, blowing up medium-size ships near other vessels or at ports, attacking large vessels such as supertankers from the air by using explosive laden small aircraft, and attacking vessels with underwater demolition teams using limpet mines or with suicide bombers. During his interrogation, Nashiri revealed that if warships became too difficult to approach, tourist ships could be targeted. The cruise ship industry, which in the U.S. alone carries nearly seven million passengers every year, is facing this new threat."29

    Eighty percent of world trade travels by sea, and 60 percent of the world's oil is shipped by about 4,000 tankers: "Were terrorist pirates to hijack a large bulk carrier or oil tanker, sail it into one of the chokepoints, and scuttle it to block the sea-lane, the consequences for the world economy would be severe: a spike in oil prices, an increase in the cost of shipping due to the need to use alternate routes, congestion in sea-lanes and ports, more expensive maritime insurance, and probable environmental disaster. Worse yet would be several such attacks happening simultaneously in multiple locations worldwide."30

    A rogue nuclear missile on Paris or Berlin is decidedly more unlikely in the next five years than the hijacking and sinking of a couple of supertankers in the Strait of Gibraltar or the Bosphorus. The latter, in particular, is less than a mile wide in some areas, and 10 percent of the 50,000 ships that pass through it each year are tankers carrying Russian and Caspian oil.

    In the Turkish strait in 1996, the nine pro-Chechen gunmen who hijacked a Turkish ferry and held 255 passengers hostage for three days had first considered the possibility of sabotaging one of the two suspension bridges with explosives to bring down the bridge and close shipping traffic. The worst case scenario, now that the Russian Duma has passed a bill to transport 20,000 tons of nuclear waste through the straits in the next ten years, is the possibility of one of these tankers being hijacked in the vicinity of Istanbul, a city of 12 million inhabitants. It is expected that traffic on the Bosphorus will be 50 percent higher in 2010 than it was in 2005, and so will the opportunities to create catastrophic mischief.

    NATO military planners and civilian policymakers continue to think in terms of nation-states and regional "areas of operation," whereas, as the navy community knows full well, maritime threats are more often than not nonstate and transregional in nature. But terrorist networks are genuinely transnational: the Sri Lankan LTTE not only owned and operated a fleet of ten ocean-going freighters flying Panamian, Honduran, and Liberian flags, it also hijacked commercial vessels carrying weapons to reroute them to the Tamil Tigers. In 1994, the LTTE shipped 50 metric tons of TNT on board one of its own freighters operated by a front company from a Ukrainian Black Sea port via the Turkish Straits to Sri Lanka.

    NATO is today paying less attention to potential maritime threats affecting its own civilian populations than to making the non-Western world safe for democracy (or sharia, since the jury is still out). If NATO wants to survive another 30 years, it will have to focus a little more on the concerns of its own population.

    Global NATO, thousand ship navy

    In the 1990s, some foreign policy analysts called on the United States to adopt a policy known as "offshore balancing." Succinctly put, "offshore balancing is predicated on the assumption that attempting to maintain U.S. hegemony is self-defeating because it will provoke other states to combine in opposition to the United States, and result in a futile depletion of the United States' relative power, thereby leaving it worse off than if it accommodated multipolarity."31 Whether such an offshore balancing is still possible or desirable for the U.S. in a post-9/11 environment is highly debatable. But a maritime globalization of NATO could become, for the Alliance itself, the continuation of "offshore balancing" by other means. Its main merit would be to constitute a hedging strategy of sorts against the SCO.

    China is emerging as a maritime superpower as quickly as America itself (not to mention the UK) is declining as a naval power, to the point where China could become the leading naval power by 2020. The Russian Navy, which until now was a pale shadow of Gorshkov's navy (since 1991, the number of submarines has declined from 317 to 61 and of surface ships from 967 to 186) has announced plans to build a class of four new aircraft carriers in 2013-14, with initial service to begin in 201732. One would do well to remember that it took hardly more than a decade during the Cold War for Russia, the quintessential land power, to develop a formidable navy. In 20 years, we could realistically see a China/Russia-led SCO that is hegemonic not only on land but at sea. As counterintuitive as it may be at first, NATO would be wise to consider the possibility of making maritime cooperation the centerpiece of NATO-Russia security cooperation.

    Maritime operations are of course not foreign to NATO. In the 1990s, Operation Sharp Guard constituted a dress rehearsal of sorts for Operation Active Endeavor after 9/11. In 2003, OAE was expanded functionally and geographically to cover the whole Mediterranean and ended up including some Mediterranean Dialogue countries as well as Russia and Ukraine. Many NATO allies participate in the Container Security Initiative (CSI) and the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), and it is no coincidence that the former head of Joint Forces-Naples, Admiral Mullen (the current chief of naval operations and JCS chairman-designate), is the one who developed the concept of the "Thousand Ship Navy" (TSN), which is today the talk of the U.S. Navy.

    Though globalization has increased the importance of maritime affairs, there has been both a relative and an absolute decline of U.S. seapower, with a U.S. Navy today at its lowest level in the post-World War II era. For the first time in 20 years, the U.S. is in the process of drafting a new maritime strategy, but with a considerably reduced force that went from 600 to fewer than 300 ships, and with new responsibilities in terms of nonmilitary maritime security. Hence the concept of the Thousand Ship Navy, which is meant to create a global maritime partnership with foreign navies.33

    TSN is much more than an attempt to make a virtue of necessity. The Thousand Ship Navy -- the "Great White Fleet" of the twenty-first century -- represents a revolution in military affairs in that the concept raises the "network-centric" paradigm established by Admiral Cebrowsky from the domain of strategy (Network-Centric Warfare) to that of security (Global Maritime Partnership). In the process, it brings back a much-needed balance between techno-centric and culture-centric skills as components of success. Just as important, the TSN concept also represents a revolution in diplomatic affairs, in that a global maritime partnership would go beyond the traditional military-to-military contacts and, as Admiral Mullen points out, would unite "maritime forces, port operators, commercial shippers, and international, governmental and nongovernmental agencies to address mutual concerns."

    As the Proliferation Security Initiative in Asia shows, though, this twenty-first- century naval diplomacy presents formidable challenges in terms of redefinitions of "sovereignty." Though the TSN concept is still a work in progress, it is worth noting that naval representatives from 72 countries have already taken part in the first symposium on the subject. NATO would do well to examine if the indirect approach of "going global" through a Thousand Ship Navy path is not also the best way to avoid making self-defeating waves in Asia.

    Strategic considerations aside, there is an additional reason for Global NATO to get associated with the Thousand Ship Navy. Hard as it is to remember today, there was a time when NATO captured the imagination of Western audiences: Until the mid-sixties, in fact, the prospect of an Atlantic Union was seen in Europe as the wave of the future, while the idea of a European Union was associated mainly with coal, steel, and the standardization of electric plugs.34 Today, hard as they try, the 700 million people of the West can't really bring themselves to get exited when the "deliverables" of NATO Summits amount to -- the purchase of three C-17s? If that is NATO's level of ambition these days, no wonder that even the EU is beginning to look good. NATO will require nothing less than a Thousand Ship Navy if it is to recapture the imagination of public opinion.

    NATO and the rise of UN-istan

    Two organizations emerged in short succession from the 1941 Atlantic Charter: the United Nations in 1945 and, when the UN proved ineffective in a Cold War context, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949. For the next 50 years, NATO's role in waging and winning the Cold War was as central as that of the UN was marginal.

    In the early days of the post Cold War, there were, on both sides of the Atlantic, great hopes that the UN could finally play the role it was initially designed for. A former ambassador to the UN, the elder Bush in particular hoped to make the UN the cornerstone of a New World Order. In Europe as well, as the EU was toying with the idea of transforming itself from an Europe-espace to an Europe-puissance, many thought that an EU military force could constitute the military arm of the UN, and that the EU, in turn, could use the UN as a force multiplier to provide a "counterweight" to the US.

    The fixation of EU elites on this idea led them to overlook the various scandals that marred the UN throughout the 1990s (from the Rwanda genocide to the Iraq oil-for-food program). More important, there is great reluctance on the part of EU public opinion at large to acknowledge the fact that, in the process of enlarging 54 members in 1945 to 184 in 1993, the UN's initial goals have been perverted.

    Once the embodiment of Western ideals, the UN has turned into a lean, mean anti-West machine. Though European publics no longer have any illusion today about a Europe-puissance, they still retain a surprisingly boy-scoutish view of the UN, one that no longer corresponds to reality. European public opinion saw nothing wrong, for instance, in the recent establishment of an International Criminal Court that would give its prosecutor the power of a grand inquisitor, in part because they are not aware of the politicization of the UN (and of the potential use of the ICC as an anti-Western weapon), but also in part because, over the years, they have resigned themselves to the creeping judicial and technocratic imperialism pursued at home by the EU Court of Justice and the EU Commission.

    If, against all odds, the European public has a more positive image of the UN than of NATO, it is for a simple reason: When it comes to strategic communication, today's NATO is your grandfather's NATO. Meanwhile, over the years, the UN has turned itself into a slick, global propaganda machine.

    In that respect, the UN's main achievement since 1949 has been the transformation of a once-peripheral issue into a global Passion Play. Though the number of refugees throughout the world were millions after 1945 (and 15 million more with the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947), the UN decided to focus quasi-exclusively on the 700,000 refugees of the 1948 Israeli-Arab war. For these Palestinian Arabs, the UN created not only a specific agency (UNRWA) but a unique, and Orwellian, definition of "refugees" carefully designed to maintain the issue forever alive.35

    Twenty years later came a new development. The demagogic UNESCO projects about a New World Information and Communication Order did not disappear when the US and the UK left the organization in protest and UNESCO, as a result, lost one fourth of its budget. The NWICO project was simply quietly transferred from Paris to New York, from UNESCO headquarters to UN headquarters. Over the years, the UN-New York developed its radio and TV station and its global network of 60 centers. It has provided "training" to Third World journalists (with a particular predilection for Palestinians) and built both a formal and informal media empire on which the sun never sets. By 1998, the UN spent a greater share of its budget on self-promotion and propaganda through its Department of Public Information (5.37 percent) than on Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (4.96 percent) or International Justice and Law (2.10 percent).

    At the same time that it was becoming a major player in the propaganda game, the UN inside was gradually turning into a "lawfare" machine against the West. As Joshua Muravchik explains: "In the General Assembly, the Arabs have a unique leverage with which they can make the UN say whatever they want (except in the Security Council where the US veto has prevented that). The 22-nation Arab League constitutes a decisive bloc within the 56-nation Organization of the Islamic Conference [OIC], which is decisive in turn in the 115-nation Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), which constitute nearly two-thirds of the UN and is the organization's main bloc."

    The OIC, it will be remembered, was created by Saudi Arabia in 1969 as a weapon against the Egypt-led Arab League in the ongoing Arab Cold Wars. In recent years, under the leadership of the OIC, the UN has turned into UN-istan:

    The OIC is silent on putting the blame for the slaughter of innocent Muslim pilgrims precisely where it belongs -- on other Muslims. Instead, the OIC squanders most of its energy condemning the West for defaming Islam whenever terrorism is in any way linked with adherents of their religion. . . . While as a group they pay less than 3 percent of the regular annual budget of the United Nations, they have managed to exercise an outsized amount of influence in the General Assembly and its subsidiary bodies over how the UN deals with such issues as Palestine, terrorism and human rights and terrorism. Next on their agenda is a permanent Islam seat on the Security Council. Iran has already been designated as the OIC's preferred candidate for election to the Security Council in 2008. . . . In short, the Organization of the Islamic Conference bloc has been able to manipulate the UN's machinery to turn the liberal vocabulary of racism, oppression, genocide, tolerance and multiculturalism against the critics of reactionary Islam.

    How delusional is the OIC today? So delusional that, at its May 2007 summit, the 56 foreign ministers agreed that the "greatest form of terrorism" in the world today is -- Islamophobia! The same OIC is the main force behind the election of Iran as vice-chairman of the Disarmament Commission, the presence of representatives of the worst dictatorship on the planet in the UN Human Rights Committee, not to mention the attempt, following the Danish cartoon affair, to make the UN recognize "blasphemy" as a crime.

    In this ongoing weaponization of the UN against the West, China has not remained passive: beyond the OIC and NAM proper, the largest group in the UN happens to be the "G-77 + China," i.e., 132 countries representing 69 percent of UN members. China's UN dues may be 2 percent of the UN budget, but Chinese activism in the past decade has spectacularly increased in recent years.36 It is reportedly under Chinese pressure that the US was evicted from the Human Rights Commission in 2001 to make room for Arab dictatorships.

    While the UN was sinking in global parochialism, NATO has gone global geographically (50,000 troops deployed now on three continents) and functionally (broadening of political consultations in the NAC). It is also beginning to go global in its cooperation with non-Atlantic partners like Japan to Australia.

    In some American and European quarters, this globalization of NATO has led some observers to assert rather boldly that "NATO's next move must be to open its membership to any democratic state in the world that is willing and able to contribute to the fulfillment of NATO's new responsibilities."37 But to add four or five global partners is one thing, to add the 88 countries recognized as democracies by Freedom House is quite another. The necessary, if not sufficient, condition for turning NATO into a UN of democracies would be to change the flawed images of the UN and NATO that European publics currently have. That said, this long-term scenario of NATO as a UN of democracies cannot be ruled out given the ongoing deconstruction of the Tower of Babble by China and the OIC.

    With the possible emergence of a NATO Security Providers Forum consisting of the leading contributors, three key questions are likely to keep the Allies busy in the coming years. What would happen with the four NATO Partners who are also SCO members in the event the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council was to be disbanded in favor of a Security Providers Forum. What will be the nature of the articulation between the North Atlantic Council, the Security Providers Forum, and the NATO-Russia Council? Has the time come for NATO to adopt an EU-style, "variable geometry" decision-making process? At the same time, the debate on the future Global NATO should not be limited to these organizational matters.

    The Western-inspired international legal order is today under assault at the UN; at the same time, an obsolete Law of Armed Conflict is preventing the West from defending itself on the ground. As a military organization, NATO should today articulate a "Counter-Lawfare" doctrine for the sake of intellectual interoperability. As a security organization, NATO should not wait until it has become a full-fledged UN of Democracies to start elaborating a New Law of Armed Conflict adapted to the realities of post-modern warfare.38 Last but not least, the Alliance should take strategic communication more seriously and make better use of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (information) and the NATO Defense College (education).

    If the Atlantic alliance is to genuinely "go global," it will have to achieve a better balance between "toolbox" and "think tank" and to focus more than has been the case so far on increased strategic literacy, broader situational awareness, and state-of-the art strategic communication.

    History on the move again

    Two hundred years ago, Napoleon Bonaparte, who knew a thing or two about epochal change, remarked: "When China awakens, the world will tremble." China is awakening, all right, and promoting worldwide authoritarianism all the more successfully that the spectacle of Western democracies lately has not been exactly edifying. If the Chinese promotion of "Asian values" has a global, rather than regional, historical significance, it is because Confucius today speaks with a very strong German accent: that of Carl Schmitt. While Western pundits were enrolling Kojève for their musing on the "end of history," the Chinese were translating nine books by Schmitt to philosophically buttress their return in history. The future of liberal authoritarianism has never looked brighter.39

    The return of China alone would be enough to make the West "live in interesting times." To make things even more interesting, Islam too is back, this time in the form of a totalitarianism which manages to combine an ideological comprehensiveness (Salafism) unseen since Communism and an existential nihilism (jihadism) worthy of Nazism. A generation ago, the post-Vatican II Catholic world finally espoused the 20th century, and the Church went on to play a critical role in the collapse of communism; meanwhile, under the increasing influence of Wahhabism, the Muslim world was going in the opposite direction, and this great leap backward brought them back to the 14th century.40 If the Saudi caliphate does not soon undertake its own Vatican II, chances are the Muslim world will never make it back to the 21st century.

    It is time for the Transatlantic chattering class to realize that there is a time for problematizing, and a time for strategizing -- and that its first order of business should be to stop mistaking a simple transatlantic time lag for a metaphysical problem. In the wake of 9/11, there was an extreme disconnect between an America that had just experienced its first continental aggression since the "second war of independence" (the war of 1812) and a Europe convinced that the then-imminent opening of the Brussels constitutional convention was, if not the beginning of universal peace, at least the world's most important event since the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.

    Hence the temptation in certain quarters to reify this temporary disconnect into a Mars/Venus gap. But the most cursory examination of twentieth-century history shows that transatlantic time lags have always been the rule rather than the exception. The First World War began in 1914, the U.S. only joined in 1917. The Second World War began in 1939, the U.S. only joined in 1942. The Cold War began in 1947, and it took Europe a full two years to give up the temptation of neutrality and side with the U.S. Since the Long War is of an asymmetric kind, it is no surprise if it took longer than usual for America and Europe to synchronize their chronopolitica

              Does Article 350 Authorize Tax Resistance in Venezuela? · TPL   

    As I monitor rumblings of tax resistance around the interwebs, there are occasionally outbreaks from Venezuela, which has become something of a nation-scale cautionary tale in recent years. Many of those rumblings invoke “350” — Article 350 of the Venezuelan Constitution, which reads:

    The people of Venezuela, true to their republican tradition and their struggle for independence, peace, and freedom, shall disown any regime, legislation, or authority that violates democratic values, principles, and guarantees or that encroaches upon human rights.

    No Pagues El ISLR en Desobediencia Civil. ¡Desobediencia Tributaria! Es legítima y legal se consagra en el articulo 350 de nuestra Constitución. En estos momentos el régimen Castro comunista está transgrediendo los valores, principios, garantías democráticas y menoscabando los derechos humanos de todos los venezolanos. No financies al régimen.

    “Don’t Pay Income Tax in Civil Disobedience. Tax Resistance! It is legitimate and legal as enshrined in article 350 of our Constitution. Right now the Castro-communist regime is transgressing the democratic values, principles, and guarantees and is undermining the human rights of all Venezuelans. Don’t finance the regime!”

    El Nacional looks into how Article 350 might work in practice, now that the organized opposition in Venezuela has formally invoked it. An excerpt about tax resistance:

    “Another example is tax resistance, an act penalized by the Tax Code. If someone invokes this article in executing this type of resistance, they will engage in this crime. This is the practical problem of civil disobedience. When it is exercised against a government that does not recognize [the Article 350 right], the executive considers that these citizens are not exercising a right but are acting outside the law,” said [constitutional law expert Jose Ignacio Hernandez]


    Toine Manders is the founder of the Dutch Libertarian Party. Manders testified recently at a Parliamentary Committee on Taxation hearing, prompted by the Panama Papers, about international tax havens and other forms of tax evasion, which Manders is also being criminally accused of facilitating. By using the opportunity to speak up in favor of tax evasion, he provided a rare opportunity for that side to be heard in the halls of government.

    His testimony is also remarkable for how he links tax resistance with conscientious objection to compulsory military service, also a subject near and dear to him. Here is an excerpt (liberally translated) from an answer he gives to a skeptical interrogator who asks the usual “but what about all the good things our taxes pay for” question:

    Okay. I will give you my point of view. My stance is that everybody has the right to their body and property, and that everybody may do what they want, so long as they do not violate the rights of others. This is a fundamental human right: the right of self-determination.

    The state violates this right in multiple ways — including compulsory military service, which has still not been abolished — and also imposing taxes. I have earned my living by advising people who were drafted into compulsory military service, helping them to avoid it, because I saw it as a great injustice: a form of forced labor imposed on innocent people.

    When that was suspended, I turned my attention to tax evasion, because, according to the same principles, I think taxes consitute a violation of property rights: the right to own the fruits of your labor.

    For thousands of years, the state used this money to enrich the nobility and the king. After that, they began to use part of that money to give it to the people: they distributed gifts among the people in order to legitimize taxes. But this does not legitimize them.

    The term “robbery” applies when property is taken from you by the threat of violence (when you have not caused damages that you refuse to compensate, nor are you in breach of an agreement that you voluntarily entered into). And this is exactly what the state does. If you have to pay taxes, according to the state’s rules, and you do not, then people will come to plunder your home. And if you resist, you will be treated as a criminal. If you don’t file your taxes, you will be locked up for up to four years for refusing to file.

    This is how the state gets money: by threatening to lock people into cages. And I have no problem if you do this with murderers, rapists, robbers, or scammers. But if you do it to innocent people, who wouldn’t hurt a fly, like draftees or taxpayers, then it is a great injustice. And I fight against that injustice.

    And that is why I have not only devoted much of my life to spreading these ideas — politically as leader of the Libertarian Party, but also in my professional career, protecting people from the injustice that the state tries to commit against them. And the fact that some of that money is not used by the political elite to fill their pockets, but is distributed as gifts (which we have not asked for) does not legitimize the theft.


              Wer soll denn das all lesen?   
    Der Jabba des toitschen Zwischennetzes meint heute über die Panama Papers: Bei diesem Panama-Leak fällt auf, dass man solche Daten …

    Weiterlesen


              July 1, 2017   
    Panama Ambassador Ritter Diaz (back row, second from right) poses with (clockwise from back row, far left) David De Leon, economic counselor at the Panama ...
              Take advantage of the best rates for your city getaway to Latin Ame..   
    TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE BEST RATES FOR YOUR CITY GETAWAY TO LATIN AMERICA. RATES START AT 48$ AND YOU GET AN EXTRA 10% OFF WITH THIS CODE! DONT MISS OUT ON THIS OPPORTUNITY. BOOK NOW! VALID FOR - - BARCELO SANTO DOMINGO - OCCIDENTAL HOTEL EL EMBAJADOR - OCCIDENTAL CUERNAVACA - OCCIDENTAL JF PUEBLA - BARCELO GUATEMALA CITY - BARCELO MANAGUA - BARCELO SAN JOSE - BARCELO SAN SALVADOR - OCCIDENTAL QUERéTARO - OCCIDENTAL PANAMá CITY.
              PRC transfers nuclear weapon technology to North Korea. @GordonGChang @ThadMcCotter   
    06-26-2017 (Photo:Pukguksong-2 (Chosŏn'gŭl: 북극성2호; hancha: 北極星2号) also known as KN-15[1] by intelligence outside of North Korea, is a medium-range or intermediate-range ballistic missile under development by North Korea, which unlike the nation's earlier designs, uses solid fuel.[2] Described as 'nuclear-capable', its first test flight was on 12 February 2017.[3] The state-run KCNA news agency said leader Kim Jong Un supervised the test, which was described as a success. Analysts have described the new missile as 'more stable, more efficient, and harder to detect' than North Korea's previous liquid-fuelled designs.[4] In contrast to older, liquid-fueled rockets that take hours to prepare for launch and are easier to detect counteract by other countries, the Pukguksong-2 is a solid-fuel rocket that can be launched in minutes.[5][2] ) http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/contact http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/schedules Twitter: @BatchelorShow Tehran terror in the Bronx, NY and Dearborn, MI. @ThomasJoscelyn Both men are naturalized U.S. citizens. And they are both accused of performing surveillance on prospective targets for Hizballah’s highly secretive external operations wing, known as the Islamic Jihad Organization (IJO). Ali Kourani, a 32-year-old who was living in the Bronx, New York (pictured on the right*), allegedly gathered “information regarding operations and security at airports in the U.S. and elsewhere,” while also “surveilling U.S. military and law enforcement facilities in Manhattan and Brooklyn.” Hizballah asked Kourani to identify “individuals affiliated with the Israeli Defense Force” inside the U.S. and locate “weapons suppliers in the U.S. who could provide firearms to support IJO operations” as well. Kourani allegedly conducted all of these missions on behalf of his IJO “handler,” who was safely ensconced back home in Lebanon. Samer el Debek, a 37-year-old resident of Dearborn, Michigan, is charged with “casing security procedures at the Panama Canal and the Israeli Embassy” in Panama, identifying “areas of weakness and construction at the Panama Canal,” and determining for Hizballah “how close someone could get to a ship passing through the Canal.” His “IJO handlers” also “asked him for photographs of the U.S. Embassy” in Panama, as well as “details” concerning its “security procedures.” (El Debek told authorities he did not provide Hizballah with the information requested on the American embassy.) http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2017/06/analysis-2-us-cases-provide-unique-window-into-irans-global-terror-network.php ROGGIO & JOSCELYN Both confirm, thanks, J 915 ROGGIO & JOSCELYN CONTINUED 930 Thanks, John. I'm in Seoul. The hotel phone number here is 82 2 753 7788, and we're in Room 2026. Looking forward to this. ask tonight Mon 26 930 pm et re 06-26-2017 (Photo: ) http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/contact http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/schedules Twitter: @BatchelorShow PRC transfers nuclear weapon technology to North Korea. @GordonGChang @ThadMcCotter “…Beijing has always maintained it supported North Korea’s “denuclearization,” but the statement, echoing the position of the administration of George W. Bush, is nonetheless surprisingly strong. What motivated Beijing to join in announcing such a strong position? Perhaps we should give some credit to the Trump administration. After all, the statement followed the first-ever session of the U.S.-China Diplomatic and Security Dialogue, held Wednesday in Washington. At the Dialogue, U.S. officials, led by Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Secretary of Defense Jim Mattis, worked hard to persuade their Chinese counterparts they had to do more to disarm North Korea, China’s client state and only formal ally. “We reiterated to China that they have a diplomatic responsibility to exert much greater economic and diplomatic pressure on the regime if they want to prevent further escalation in the region,” said Tillerson to reporters on Wednesday, at the c...
              Tehran terror in the Bronx, NY and Dearborn, MI. @ThomasJoscelyn   
    06-26-2017 (Photo:File:Wagner Hotel building, Dearborn, Michigan.jpg ) http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/contact http://JohnBatchelorShow.com/schedules Twitter: @BatchelorShow Tehran terror in the Bronx, NY and Dearborn, MI. @ThomasJoscelyn Both men are naturalized U.S. citizens. And they are both accused of performing surveillance on prospective targets for Hizballah’s highly secretive external operations wing, known as the Islamic Jihad Organization (IJO). Ali Kourani, a 32-year-old who was living in the Bronx, New York (pictured on the right*), allegedly gathered “information regarding operations and security at airports in the U.S. and elsewhere,” while also “surveilling U.S. military and law enforcement facilities in Manhattan and Brooklyn.” Hizballah asked Kourani to identify “individuals affiliated with the Israeli Defense Force” inside the U.S. and locate “weapons suppliers in the U.S. who could provide firearms to support IJO operations” as well. Kourani allegedly conducted all of these missions on behalf of his IJO “handler,” who was safely ensconced back home in Lebanon. Samer el Debek, a 37-year-old resident of Dearborn, Michigan, is charged with “casing security procedures at the Panama Canal and the Israeli Embassy” in Panama, identifying “areas of weakness and construction at the Panama Canal,” and determining for Hizballah “how close someone could get to a ship passing through the Canal.” His “IJO handlers” also “asked him for photographs of the U.S. Embassy” in Panama, as well as “details” concerning its “security procedures.” (El Debek told authorities he did not provide Hizballah with the information requested on the American embassy.) http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2017/06/analysis-2-us-cases-provide-unique-window-into-irans-global-terror-network.php
              List Of Army Generals Standing Trial For N102b FRAUD Under Buhari   
    These are the 13 Army Generals On Trial For N102b FRAUD Under Buhari.


    About 13 former service chiefs and senior military officers are presently facing corruption charges to the tune of N102 billion before various courts in Abuja and Lagos.

    Already, one of the former service chiefs has forfeited N1.82 billion to the Federal Government.

    Top among the Generals being prosecuted by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) for alleged corruption are the former National Security Adviser (NSA), Col. Sambo Dasuki (rtd); ex-Chief of Defence Staff, Air Chief Marshal Alex Badeh; ex-Chiefs of Naval Staff, Vice Admiral Usman Jibrin and Admiral Dele Ezeoba; former Chiefs of Air Staff, Air Marshal Dikko Umar and Air Marshal Adesola Amosu.

    Others on trial are the Chief of Administration, AVM A.M Mamu; a former Director of Procurement, Defence Headquarters, AVM O.T Oguntoyinbo; Air Officer Tactical Command, Makurdi, AVM R.A Ojuawo and former Chief of Accounts and Budgeting in NAF, AVM J.B Adigun.

    Also on trial is a former chairman, Presidential Implementation on Committee on Maritime Safety (PICOMMS), AVM Saliu Atawodi and a former Director of Armament with the Nigerian Air Force (NAF), AVM John Adeniyi Kayode-Beckley and a former aide to Dasuki, Col. Nicholas Ashinze.

    Sambo Dasuki
    Dasuki is standing trial before three different courts. The first charge was filed before the Federal High Court sitting in Abuja where Dasuki was charged with diverting $2.1 billion.

    Second, the EFCC preferred another 19-count charge against Dasuki and four others before an Abuja High Court for alleged diversion of another N32 billion meant for arms procurement.

    Dasuki’s co-accused persons are a former Director of Finance and Administration in the Office of NSA, Shuaibu Salisu, and a former General Manager, Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), Aminu Baba-Kusa.

    The third charge was filed before another Abuja High Court, wherein the anti-graft agency slammed another 22-count charge bothering on alleged diversion of N13 billion meant for arms procurement.

    The former NSA had, since, been arraigned before the three courts. The Abuja High Court later consolidated the two charges against Dasuki.
    Badeh in the dock

    Badeh, who was a former Chief of Defence Staff, is standing trial on a 10-count charge bordering on money laundering, criminal breach of trust and corruption to the tune of N3.97 billion belonging to the Nigerian Air Force before the Federal High Court sitting in Abuja.

    Badeh pleaded not guilty to the charge and was consequently admitted to bail, first under stringent condition. The condition for bail was later reviewed due to his inability to meet it.

    Trial had since started as the prosecution, the EFCC, has called witnesses. The witnesses had, in turn, explained to the trial judge, Justice Abang Okon, how Badeh collected the said money and expended it on the purchase of property in highbrow area of Abuja.

    Badeh was said to have used dollar equivalent of the sum of N1.4 billion from the NAF accounts to purchase a mansion situated at No. 6, Ogun River Street, off Danube Street, Maitama, Abuja.

    Umar Dikko
    Another Air Chief standing trial over corruption related charges is a former Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal Umar Dikko, who was accused of diverting about N4.86 billion belonging to NAF to purchase property for himself.

    Diko, who was arraigned before the Federal High Court sitting in Abuja, however, pleaded not guilty when the seven-count charge bothering on diversion of funds slammed on him by EFCC was read to him.

    In the charge, Dikko was alleged to have, while being the Chief of Air Staff between September 2010 and 2012, converted the United States dollar equivalent of the aggregate sum of N4,864,630,000 removed from the account of NAF.

    Dikko was also alleged to have used N700 million removed from NAF account to purchase a property at No 14, Vistula Close, off Panama Street, Maitama; accused of using another N860 million removed from NAF account to buy a property at Plot No. 1853, Deng Xiao Ping Street, off Mahathir Mohammed Street, Asokoro Extension, Abuja; accused of taking N500 million from the account of NAF to purchase a four-bedroom duplex with boys’ quarters at Road 3b, Street 2, Mabushi Ministers Hill, Abuja; accused of removing N250 million from NAF account to buy a property at No 14, Audu Bako Way, GRA, Kano.

    Amosu, Adigun and Olugbenga
    The anti-graft agency is prosecuting a former Chief of Air Staff, Air Marshal Adesola Amosu (rtd), Air Vice Marshal Jacob Bola Adigun, Air Commodore Gbadebo Olugbenga and eight companies before Justice Mohammed Idris of the Federal High Court, Lagos over an alleged N22.8 billion fraud.

    The companies involved are: Delfina Oil and Gas Ltd, Mcallan Oil and Gas Ltd, Hebron Housing and Properties Company Ltd, Trapezites BDC, Fonds and Pricey Ltd, Deegee Oil and Gas Ltd, Timsegg Investment Ltd and Solomon Health Care Ltd.

    They were arraigned by the EFCC before the court on June 29, 2016 on a 26-count charge of stealing and concealing of proceeds of crime.

    Upon their arraignment, the accused persons were granted bail by the court in the sum of N500 million with two sureties in like sum.

    Further hearing in the matter has been adjourned to June 28.

    Atewe
    Also in the dock is a former commander of the Joint Task Force, Operation Pulo Shield in the Niger Delta, Major General Emmanuel Atewe and three others.

    Atewe was, on June 3, 2016, arraigned before Justice Saliu Saidu of a Federal High Court in Lagos on an 11-count charge bordering on conspiracy, fraud, stealing and fraudulent conversion of N19.7 billion to personal use.

    Atewe was arraigned alongside the immediate past Director General of the Nigeria Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA), Patrick Akpobolokemi, Kime Engozu and Josephine Otuaga.

    The anti-graft agency, in the charge marked, FHC/L/C/217C/16, alleged that the former JTF Commander and other accused persons had, between 2014 and 2015, in Lagos, used six companies to commit the alleged acts.

    Further hearing in the trial has been fixed for September 20.

    Ex-Naval Chiefs
    Former Chief of Naval Staff, Vice Admiral Usman Jibrin, is also being prosecuted at the FCT High Court over alleged N600 million fraud.

    Jibrin is facing trial alongside Rear Admiral Bala Mshelia(rtd), Rear Admiral Shehu Ahmadu (rtd) and Habor Bay International Limited on a four-count charge of criminal conspiracy.

    The naval chiefs, whilst in office, allegedly bought a house worth N600 million from the account of Naval Engineering Services without budgetary provision.

    A former Naval Chief, Dele Ezeoba, is another ranking security chief standing corruption trial before the Federal High Court, Lagos.

    The trial judge, Justice Muslim Sule Hassan had, however, on April 6, 2017, ordered the permanent forfeiture of the said sum of N1.82 billion.

    Atawodi
    In the league of Generals in the dock is a former Chairman, Presidential Implementation Committee on Maritime Safety (PICOMMS), Air Vice Marshal Saliu Atawodi (rtd).

    Atawodi was arraigned by the EFCC on a three-count charge bordering on conspiracy, abuse of office and misappropriation of public funds.

    The defendant, however, pleaded not guilty when the charge was read to him.

    Atawodi allegedly defrauded the government to the tune of over N600 million through suspicious contracts to procure military boats.
    The trial is ongoing.

    Ojuawo
    Also in the dock is a former Air Officer in charge of Tactical Air Command, Makurdi, Air Vice Marshal Rufus Ojuawo.

    Ojuawo was arraigned before an Abuja High Court on a two-count charge of allegedly receiving a gift of N40 million and a car valued at N29.2 million from a contractor with NAF, Mr. Hima Aboubakar of Societe D’ Equipments Internationaux Nig. Ltd.

    Until his arrest by the EFCC at the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport, Abuja, AVM Ojuawo, was Air Officer Commanding, the Tactical Air Command, NAF, Makurdi.

    Kayode-Beckly, Mamu
    Air Vice Marshal John Adeniyi Kayode-Beckly is being tried over a one-count charge of bribery.
    Beckley, who is the Director of Armament with NAF, allegedly collected the sum of N10 million as gratification from a contractor, one Mr. Hima Abubakar, of Societe D’Equipments Internationaux Nig. Ltd.

    The defendant, however, pleaded not guilty to the charge and prayed the court to admit him to bail.
    Also in the dock is a former Air Officer Training Command and a member of the Committee for Procurement, Ministry of Defence, Air Vice Marshal Alkali Mohammed Mamu.

    The Federal Government is prosecuting Mamu on a three-count charge bordering on bribery to the tune of N5.9 million.

    Mamu, however, pleaded not guilty to the charge and consequently prayed the court to admit him to bail.

    AVM Mamu allegedly collected a cash gift in the sum of N5.9 million for the purchase of a Range Rover Evoque, $300,000 and two vehicles (Ford Expedition SUV and Jaguar XF Saloon) valued at N15 million and N12 million respectively from Societe D’ Equipments Internationaux Nigeria Limited, a contractor with the Nigerian Air Force.

    AVM Oguntoyinbo
    Air Vice Marshall Olutayo Tade Oguntoyinbo is another ranking officer facing corruption charge before an Abuja High Court on one-count charge of bribery to the tune of N166 million.

    Oguntoyinbo, while being the Chief of Training and Operations of the Nigerian Air Force, allegedly collected the said sum as gratification from a contractor with the NAF.

    Ashinze
    Col. Nicholas Ashinze was an aide to Dasuki.

    The Federal Government has arraigned Ashinze, alongside three others, before Justice Gabriel Kolawole of the Federal High Court, Abuja on a 13-count charge of corruption and money laundering to the tune of N3.1 billion.

    Ashinze and his co-accused were arraigned alongside five companies accused of allegedly diverting huge sums from the office of the former NSA.

    Credit Source: New Telegraph

              Why few Americans in Panama Papers? Lawyer doesn’t want them   
    Ramon Fonseca

    Rich and influential people around the globe have found themselves under siege since a major data leak revealed their ties to secretive financial accounts and shell companies in low-tax havens used to hide wealth.

    The post Why few Americans in Panama Papers? Lawyer doesn’t want them appeared first on Inquirer News.


              China squelches Panama reports on hidden wealth   
    Panama Offshore Accounts

    China's Internet censors and state media outlets are squelching reports on hidden wealth drawn from documents leaked from a Panama-based law firm that name relatives of current and retired Chinese politicians, including President Xi Jinping.

    The post China squelches Panama reports on hidden wealth appeared first on Inquirer News.


              Resilience Powers US Soccer to Victory   
    By: Mike Wagenman

    For the United States Men's Soccer Team, the key to their early success in the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup has been resilience. Their 2-0 win over Jamaica on Sunday advocated that. In the group stage, after suffering a baffling defeat to Panama, the US squad needed a win over Guadeloupe to advance to the elimination round. The resilient bunch rallied together, through a number of missed opportunities and scoring chances, to squeeze out a 1-0 win. The United States then drew Jamaica in the first game of the elimination round, a team who collected all nine points in group play and had yet to surrender a goal.

    Just hours before kickoff against the Jamaican National Team, Landon Donovan pulled himself from the starting lineup, citing travel fatigue as one of his reasons for being unfit. The United States would have to show resilience and muscle out a win without their star midfielder. Then, just 12 minutes into the match, top striker Jozy Altidore went down with a hamstring injury trying to run down a long ball. Resilience would have to come in the form of 18-year old striker Juan Agudelo.

    In the biggest game of his life, Agudelo made some dazzling, awe-inspiring moves and cuts around Jamaican defenders, leaving many in his wake. He provided much needed energy for a United States side that had been a bit lethargic so far in the tournament.

    The first half on Sunday was riddled with missed opportunities from the United States. Jermaine Jones failed to connect on a rebound shot on the slide, Kljestan could not convert on an open shot, and countless corners were safely cleared by the Jamaican side. The United States were one incredible Howard save and one Jamaican rebound put high over the crossbar from trailing 1-0 going into the half.

    But, the resilient US team came out firing in the second half, as Jermaine Jones hit a rocket off a redirection from a corner into the back left of the net. A second half red card on Jamaica left open space for Landon Donovan (who came on in the 65th minute to a roar from the USA fans), Juan Agudelo, and Clint Dempsey to maneuver as Agudelo eventually layed a beautiful cross from the right side directly onto Dempsey's foot for an easy, open net goal. This open net, unlike the one against Guadeloupe, was not missed by Dempsey.

    All in all, every United States player had a great game on Sunday. The unsung hero, Tim Howard, recorded save after save on some difficult shots, and did many things, such as preventing corners, that will not show up in the stat sheet. The US will face either El Salvador or Panama on Wednesday in the next round of the Gold Cup. The growing support of this team has been evident throughout the 2010 World Cup and the 2011 Gold Cup, and hopefully for the United States team, they can ride the support to a title.

              More horses for MAN B&W   
    More horses for MAN B&W

     
    MAN B&W says the first diesel engine developing more than 100,000 bhp has entered service on a Costamare vessel.
    The 12K98MC unit of 101,640 bhp has been installed in the first of a series of 9,200-teu containerships being constructed at Hyundai Heavy Industries for the Greek owner.


    MAN B&W Diesel licensee Hyundai in Korea built the engine which weighs around 2,100 tons. Costamare's super post-panamax vessels are being chartered to Cosco Container Lines (Coscon) in China.


    MAN B&W is a subsidiary of the German industrial group MAN AG which says it intends to convert its diesel engine business into a European company or Societas Europaea (SE) this year

    At the same time, MAN B&W Diesel AG in Augsburg is to be renamed MAN Diesel SE.


    The new SE legal form will allow for a stronger integration of MAN's international business activities, says the company.The supervisory board should in future include members from other European countries, as well as employee representatives from Germany.


    Corporate centre for the new MAN Diesel SE will be in Augsburg. MAN's diesel division employs 6,700 people in Germany, Denmark, the UK, France, Czech Republic and China.


    MAN B&W Diesel was formed in 1979 following the takeover of Danish engine manufacturer Burmeister & Wain (B&W) by MAN.

    By Geoff Garfield in London
              Autoridad Marítima de Panamá presenta informe de gestión 2015 – 2017   

    Por Redacción PortalPortuario.cl @PortalPortuario La Autoridad Marítima de Panamá presentó  su informe de rendición de cuentas del período comprendido entre 2015 y 2017. El ministro de Asuntos Marítimos y administrador de la Autoridad Marítima de Panamá (AMP), Jorge Barakat, dio cuenta de la gestión de la Dirección General de Puertos e Industrias Marítimas Auxiliares (DGPIMA), Dirección General de Marina Mercante (DGMM), Dirección General de la Gente de Mar (DGGM) y la Dirección General de Registro Público de Naves. En esta presentación, Barakat señaló que la Dirección General de Puertos e industrias Marítimas Auxiliares, ha desarrollado e implementado infraestructuras que vienen a suplir las necesidades portuarias tales como el Muelle de Industrias Marítimas Auxiliares (IMA), en el área de Amador, a un costo de 4.7 millones de balboas, el cuál facilitará la prestación de servicios de las empresas marítimas auxiliares, a los barcos que transitan por el Canal de Panamá, ofreciendo un área de recepción de buques para hasta cuatro embarcaciones. Este muelle, enfocado a la carga menor y de pasajeros, actualmente presenta un tres por ciento de avance (3%). Igualmente se realizó la licitación por mejor valor con evaluación separada para el estudio, diseño, desarrollo, aprobación de planos y construcción de la Terminal de Cruceros de Amador, que fue adjudicada al Consorcio Cruceros del Pacífico. Con la finalidad de agilizar los procesos para los buques que llegan a Panamá se desarrolló el Sistema de Ventanilla Única Marítima de la República de Panamá (VUMPA). De igual modo se implemantaron las enmiendas del Convenio Solas, sobre pesaje de Contenedores, a través de la Resolución ADM. No. 190-2016 del 30 de septiembre de 2016. En cuanto a la Marina Mercante, Jorge Barakat explicó que se ha incrementado la flota registrada, desde junio del 2015 a junio del presente, en 1757 naves, de las cuales 595 son de nueva construcción. En lo que a inspecciones se refiere, las cuales son necesarias para mantener altos estándares y cumplir con los convenios internacionales, se incrementó el número de inspecciones Estado Rector de Puerto a nivel nacional con respecto al periodo anterior, gracias a la implementación de la plataforma global de inspecciones que cubrirá tanto las inspecciones Estado Rector de Puerto, como las de seguridad a naves de servicio exterior matriculadas en nuestro registro y a las de servicio interior; al igual que brindará el seguimiento a naves panameñas, inspeccionadas por otras administraciones. La red de oficinas de SEGUMAR, se han incorporado nuevas oficinas en Pireo, Singapur, Busán, Estambul e Imabari. En este sentido, y con la finalidad de entrar de forma directa a la industria de cruceros que opera en Miami, así como a las empresas de plataformas de perforación que operan en las costas de Florida, Nueva Orleans y Texas, se trasladó la oficina de Nueva York a Miami. Para los próximos años se contempla la apertura de nuevas sedes en Filipinas, Dubái y Londres. También, el administrador de la AMP, explicó como la Dirección General de la Gente de Mar implementó efectivamente la Aplicación Automatizada para la Gente de Mar (SAA por sus siglas en inglés). La Dirección General Registro Público de Propiedad de Naves se adecuo y modernizó a las exigencias de la comunidad marítima y de financiamiento internacional, a través del Registro Electrónico. Este sistema , tal y como explicó el administrador de la AMP, facilita la implementación de nuevas tecnologías para los procedimientos registrales y el registro electrónico de títulos y gravámenes de naves ante dicha dirección, posibilitando que las solicitudes de registro de naves y de hipotecas se pueda tramitar de forma remota, garantizando la eficacia y eficiencia en dicho registro. Otras de las legislaciones que se ha gestado en esta dirección ha sido la Ley de Promoción al Financiamiento Marítimo. Esta reglamentación persigue la creación de un ambiente propicio para el establecimiento de nuevas entidades bancarias en nuestro país y la inversión extranjera en materia marítima, ofreciendo incentivos fiscales, laborales y migratorios para las empresas y/o inversionistas que deseen invertir en actividades como el financiamiento naval, la construcción de astilleros y naves, la construcción y reparación de contenedores y la instalación de parques eólicos de mar (offshore wind farms).  

    La entrada Autoridad Marítima de Panamá presenta informe de gestión 2015 – 2017 aparece primero en Portal Portuario.


              Canal de Panamá y Asociación Internacional de Bomberos firman nuevo contrato colectivo   

    Por Redacción PortalPortuario.cl @PortalPortuario La Autoridad del Canal de Panamá (ACP) y la Asociación Internacional de Bomberos (IAFF, por su sigla inglés), Local 13, representante exclusivo de la Unidad Negociadora de Bomberos, suscribieron un nuevo contrato colectivo que regulará las relaciones laborales entre ambos durante los próximos cuatro años. El administrador del Canal de Panamá, Jorge Luis Quijano, y el presidente de la IAFF, Walt O´Neil, reconocieron el esfuerzo de los equipos negociadores por parte de la ACP y la organización sindical en alcanzar un acuerdo dentro del marco de la cordialidad y el respeto mutuo. El acuerdo entró a regir a partir de su firma este lunes 26 de junio, y tendrá vigencia hasta el 25 de junio del 2021. El administrador Quijano destacó el proceso de entendimiento entre la Administración y el gremio de los bomberos para alcanzar acuerdos que benefician a ambas partes. Por su parte, el presidente de la IAFF indicó que la negociación demostró una vez más el valor del respeto mutuo durante la fase de negociación, la cual dio resultados provechosos para el Cuerpo de Bomberos del Canal, los cuales están comprometidos en mantener la buena imagen del Canal y proteger uno de los recursos más preciados del país.  

    La entrada Canal de Panamá y Asociación Internacional de Bomberos firman nuevo contrato colectivo aparece primero en Portal Portuario.


                 
    Vaticano
    Lunedì 30 giugno: la giornata del Papa
    (a cura Redazione "Il sismografo")
    *** Udienze, rinunce e nomine

    *** Udienza di Papa Francesco ai Membri dell’Organizzazione Internazionale Italo-Latino Americana (IILA)
    - "Alcuni Paesi stanno attraversando momenti difficili a livello politico, sociale ed economico. I cittadini che hanno meno risorse sono i primi a notare la corruzione che esiste nei diversi strati sociali e la cattiva distribuzione delle ricchezze." (...) "Il dialogo è indispensabile; ma non il “dialogo tra sordi”"
    Alle ore 12.30 di oggi, nella Sala Clementina del Palazzo Apostolico Vaticano, il Santo Padre Francesco ha ricevuto in Udienza i Membri dell’Organizzazione Italo-Latino Americana, in occasione del 50.mo anniversario di fondazione. L’IILA è un Organismo internazionale creato a Roma nel 1966, i cui Paesi Membri sono Argentina, Bolivia, Brasile, Cile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Italia, Messico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Perù, Repubblica Dominicana, Uruguay e Venezuela.
    Discorso del Santo Padre
    Traduzione in lingua italiana
    Signore e Signori!
    Prima di tutto chiedo scusa per il ritardo. Non era previsto che arrivassi in ritardo, ma si sono allungate le udienze, e perciò vi chiedo scusa.

    Vi do il benvenuto e vi saluto in occasione del 50° anniversario dell’Organizzazione Italo-Latino Americana. Ringrazio il Presidente e il Vicepresidente per le parole con cui hanno introdotto il nostro incontro.
    [Text: Italiano, Español]
     
    Tweet
    - "C’è tanto bisogno di alimentare la speranza cristiana, quella speranza che dona uno sguardo nuovo, capace di scoprire e vedere il bene."

              República Dominicana y Panamá firman convenio de homologación de sentencias   
    EFE San José.-República Dominicana y Panamá firmaron hoy en Costa Rica un convenio de extradición que propiciará el cumplimiento de sentencias en los países de origen de los presos. El acuerdo fue suscrito por el canciller de República Dominicana, Miguel Vargas, y la vicepresidenta y canciller de Panamá, Isabel De Saint Malo, en el marco...
              4 Bedroom Homes and Condos in Panama City Beach   

    Everyone needs a place to live, but smart people choose more than just shelter, they choose a lifestyle. That is why so many people are determined to find just the right home in Panama City Beach.  Few places on earth offer the variety, the natural experience and the sense of community that are found in…

    The post 4 Bedroom Homes and Condos in Panama City Beach appeared first on Panama City Beach Condos For Sale.


              US DATA: EIA says April residual fuel oil exports to Panama more than doubled   
    US residual fuel oil exports to Panama totaled 338,000 barrels in April, more than double the 140,000 barrels exported in the same month a year earlier,
              Panama May marine diesel sales rise 60% on year: authority   
    Diesel marine sales in Panama totaled 32,263 mt in May, up 12,130 mt, or 60%, from 20,133 mt in the year-ago month,
              Regional MICS4 Workshop on Survey Design Completed in Panama City   
    Fourteen Latin American and Caribbean countries attended the Regional MICS4 Workshop on Survey Design in Panama City, completed today. More information is posted here.


    [a]
              MICS for Starters   
    The Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys, or MICS, is a global household survey programme supported and coordinated by UNICEF.

    What is MICS?
    Essentially, UNICEF provides technical and logistical assistance and funding to developing country governments to conduct MICS surveys - face to face interviews with household respondents, to collect data on topics related to children's and women's well-being, such as child and maternal health, nutrition, education, and HIV/AIDS.

    Scientific sampling techniques are used to select the households where interviews are held, which means that the results are nationally representative.

    Content
    The content of MICS surveys is dictated by international commitments, UNICEF priorities, and country priorities in monitoring. For example, indicators of the Millennium Development Goals. Results are widely distributed through survey reports, and other means. The objective is to collect information on the situation of children and women, formulate and influence policy decisions - all for improving the well-being of children and women.

    This blog site
    This blog site is intended to fill an important gap - to provide formal as well as informal information on MICS surveys around the world. It is intended to play the role of an unofficial, informal forum to share information on MICS activities globally.

    http://www.childinfo.org/ is the website where formal/official information on MICS is regularly posted.

    The information, interpretations or conclusions expressed in the blog are entirely those of the author(s) and do not reflect the policies or views of UNICEF. Please post your comments on the posts. To do this, one simply needs to click on the title of the post, and write his/her comments.

    The Cast
    The way MICS works, in a nutshell, is as follows:

    At UNICEF Headquarters in New York, is the New York MICS Team - responsible for coordinating global activities, producing standards, tools, templates, and provide technical assistance to governments, through the regional and country offices of UNICEF, by using easy-to-use survey tools, manuals, guidelines, methodological documents and the like, and by co-organizing regional workshops with UNICEF's Regional Offices that country teams attend.

    At the Regional Offices of UNICEF (located in Dakar, Panama City, Amman, Geneva, Bangkok, Kathmandu and Nairobi), the Reginoal MICS Coordinators coordinate activities in their respective regions - mobilize human resources, coordinate the flow of funds, assist countries in survey decisions, provide technical assistance, and organize regional workshops in collaboration with the New York MICS Team.

    Regional MICS Coordinators work closely with their supervisors, the Regional Monitoring and Evaluation Officers.

    The New York MICS Team and the Regional MICS Coordinators form the Global MICS Team.

    At the country level are the governments and UNICEF Country Offices. Governments are the owners of the surveys - usually, the National Statistical Office implements the survey. Steering Committees are formed, comprised of members from various sectoral ministries, and other international agencies and stakeholders. UNICEF Country Offices designate a MICS Focal Point, usually the Monitoring and Evaluation Officer, who is the main contact person for the implementing agency in the UNICEF system. The main bulk of funding for the surveys comes from the UNICEF Country Office, although in many cases, other UN agencies, international agencies and bilateral agencies also contribute to funding the surveys.


    [a]
              Colombia declara “emergencia sanitaria” en todo el país por fiebre aftosa   

    17d079f664c59993548cf7b97e4a7e23

    El Instituto Colombiano Agropecuario (ICA) declaró este viernes 30 de junio la emergencia sanitaria preventiva por fiebre aftosa en todo el país, después que el pasado fin de semana fuera detectado en el departamento de Arauca, fronterizo con Venezuela, un brote de esta enfermedad que obligó a sacrificar cientos de animales.

    EFE

    “La medida administrativa nos permite una rápida reacción, reforzar los controles y establecer medidas drásticas para evitar que el virus llegue a otras regiones del país”, afirmó el gerente general del ICA, Luis Humberto Martínez, en un comunicado de su despacho.

    Martínez señaló que la medida es de carácter “preventivo y transitorio” y se aplicará junto a otras acciones que ya están llevando a cabo las autoridades colombianas para controlar este foco de aftosa.

    Por su parte, el ministro de Agricultura, Aurelio Iragorri, resaltó que desde que se detectó el foco de aftosa en un predio del municipio de Tame (Arauca) se activó un plan de contingencia para evitar que este fenómeno se propague por el resto del país.

    La emergencia sanitaria se aplicará en todo el territorio colombiano durante un año y obligará a que cualquier otra zona que resulte afectada por la enfermedad sea declarada en cuarentena.

    La medida también forzará el sacrificio de los animales afectados, así como de los que hayan tenido contacto con estos.

    Finalmente, se limitará el movimiento de reses, cerdos y cabras, así como de otras especies rumiantes vulnerables a esta enfermedad, así como la realización de subastas ganaderas y otros eventos de su tipo.

    El Gobierno colombiano ha recordado en varias ocasiones que no se han detectado más brotes de esta enfermedad en ninguna otra parte del territorio nacional, que desde 2009 está declarado país libre de aftosa con vacunación, y cuya cabaña bovina esta compuesta por más de 20 millones de vacas y búfalos.

    La fiebre aftosa es una enfermedad animal no transmisible a humanos, que, no obstante, sí tiene implicaciones negativas de cara a la industria ganadera y a las exportaciones cárnicas.

    Tras la notificación del brote de aftosa, algunos países como Panamá, Chile y Ecuador han restringido las importaciones de carne colombiana, mientras que, según el Gobierno, otros compradores como Rusia, Líbano y Jordania anunciaron que las mantendrán.



    via Internacionales – LaPatilla.com

              Opportunity knocks as U.S. players seek to impress Arena before Gold Cup   
    Taylor Twellman believes Bruce Arena is more interested in evaluating his players than playing for a win against Ghana. USMNT goalkeeper Brad Guzan and defender Omar Gonzalez join SportsCenter to preview their friendly vs. Ghana. ESPN's Jeff Carlisle discusses his key players to look out for when Bruce Arena's USMNT side face Ghana in their friendly. Jeff Carlisle breaks down the budding, yet unexpected rivalry between the United States and Ghana. EAST HARTFORD, Conn. -- The Gold Cup doesn't start for another week for the U.S. men's national team, but for the players involved, the audition has already begun. The team gathered in Nashville, Tennessee, earlier this week, got in a few days training and then flew up to Hartford on Thursday ahead of Saturday's pre-tournament friendly against Ghana (5 p.m. ET, ESPN/WatchESPN). United States Ghana 8:45 PM UTC Game Details Live football odds with bet365. Bet Now » GameCast Lineups and Stats More eyes will certainly be watching when the Americans kick off the tournament against Panama on July 8 and, over the...
              JIT called opponents of PM Nawaz Sharif for witnesses : Dr Asif   
    Lahore : Special Assistant to Prime Minister on Political Affairs Dr Asif Kirmani said Joint Investigation Team (JIT) called those witnesses who were opponents of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, there was a silence about presence of names of other politicians in Panama Papers. In a statement, he asked whether other politicians whose names appeared in Panama Papers were above the law ...
              Skomentuj Panama praktycznie – informacje i ceny, którego autorem jest ad7ew   
    W tym roku planujemy Kostarykę, jednak Panama też jest planowana w nieodległej przyszłości;)
              RIU HOTELS & RESORTS — UP TO $100 OFF + RESORT COUPONS   
    HAVE IT ALL - Riu Republica, Punta Cana, Dominican Republic

    RIU HOTELS & RESORTS — UP TO $100 OFF + RESORT COUPONS**

    Plan a getaway across the globe with RIU Hotels & Resorts. With all-inclusive, adults-only and family-friendly hotel options in Mexico, the Caribbean and Central America, your vacation will be as unique as you.

    Book your flight and resort getaway now, and save up to $100 per booking:

    • $25 on vacations of $1,000-$2,000
    • $70 on vacations of $2,001-$3,000 
    • $100 on vacations of $3,001 or more

    In addition, take advantage of up to $2,100 in resort coupons at select properties.**

    Traveling with 10 or more people? Delta Vacations offers special rates and services for groups. Contact our Customer Engagement Center or your travel agent for more information.

    Preferred Pick: Gold

    Delta Vacations gives you more ways to rack up miles and earn toward your Medallion® Status. SkyMiles® Members earn 3,000 bonus miles per person, in addition to credited flight miles, with a flight and RIU Hotels & Resorts package.

    **Minimum night stays, select travel dates and other restrictions may apply. See Hotel-Provided Offer Terms and Conditions for details.

    $909*
    per person
    includes flight + 4 nights
    all-inclusive hotel + taxes

    No-Surprise
    Pricing

    Our prices include all flight and hotel taxes
    More ›

    Promo Code: DV31093
    Book By: July 31, 2017
    Travel Between: July 3, 2017 – January 31, 2018
    Price Found:
    June 26, 2017

    Questions? Please call 1-800-800-1504
    or contact your travel agent.

    *Sample Price: This offer is available from hundreds of origin cities, but this price, which reflects the offer, is based on travel between Atlanta and Montego Bay, staying at the Riu Negril in Negril. Price is per person, based on double occupancy and select Monday departures and Friday returns, September 18 – 22, 2017, and is subject to change. Additional restrictions and baggage charges may apply. See Terms and Conditions for details.

    ADD NAME OF LOGO

    Vacations Include:

    • Round-trip air transportation
    • Choice of accommodations
    • Hotel taxes
    • Round-trip transfers between airport and hotel in select destinations
    • Luggage handling at select hotels
    • Assistance of a local representative while in destination
    • 24/7 access to our Destination Help Center

    RIU Hotels & Resorts’ All-Inclusive Vacations Include:

    • All meals, snacks and beverages
    • A wide variety of daily activities
    • Exchange privileges (only at select resorts)
    • Regularly replenished in-room minibar and liquor dispenser
    • Use of in-room safe and complimentary use of beach towels
    • Nightly entertainment
    • Complimentary Wi-Fi in all public areas of the hotel

    Hotel Highlights

    RIU Hotels & Resorts

    With fantastic destinations in Mexico, the Caribbean and Central America, RIU Hotels & Resorts offer an extensive all-inclusive program, complete with lively activities and watersports, spacious accommodations, in-room minibars, delectable dining and an abundance of amenities.

    These resorts cater to friends, couples and families of all ages. Friends and couples can relax on complimentary loungers by the beach or join in poolside games, while kids enjoy RiuLand — an activity and entertainment program for kids 4-12 years old — plus children’s pools at select properties.

    RIU Hotels & Resorts also include exchange privileges at select resorts, allowing you to double the fun.

    Featured Properties:


    Riu Palace Tropical Bay

    Riu Palace Tropical Bay

    A splendid, Victorian-style property, this all-inclusive resort features a spectacular lobby, magnificent gardens, a varied selection of restaurants and lounges, lively entertainment and an array of activities and sports for the active spirit. The complex includes two fresh-water swimming pools, a solaRium terrace, wellness center and a vast beach for relaxing to the sounds of the ocean.




    Riu Republica

    Riu Republica – Adults Only

    Riu Republica is an all-inclusive, adults-only property located on a pristine stretch of white-sand beach, surrounded by inviting Caribbean landscape. This hotel features great amenities, such as two large infinity pools, a gym, a wellness center, daily and nightly entertainment, a variety of gourmet restaurants and a nightclub featuring live music and shows.

     




    Riu Palace St. Martin

    Riu Palace St. Martin

    In the picturesque village of Anse Marcel, all-inclusive Riu Palace St. Martin sits on a secluded cove, leading to a half-moon beach that opens to the sea. Highlights include a variety of daytime and evening activities, the largest pool on the island, onsite marina, close proximity to a nature preserve, Orient Beach and the Village of Grand Case.

     

    All Properties:

    CANCUN, MEXICO
    Riu Cancun
    Riu Caribe
    Riu Palace Las Americas – Adults Only
    Riu Palace Peninsula

    LOS CABOS, MEXICO
    Riu Palace Cabo San Lucas 
    Riu Santa Fe

    MAZATLAN, MEXICO
    Riu Emerald Bay

    RIVIERA MAYA, MEXICO
    Riu Lupita
    Riu Palace Mexico
    Riu Palace Riviera Maya
    Riu Playacar
    Riu Tequila
    Riu Yucatan

    RIVIERA NAYARIT, MEXICO
    Riu Jalisco
    Riu Palace Pacifico
    Riu Vallarta

    PUERTO PLATA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
    Riu Bachata
    Riu Merengue

    PUNTA CANA, DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
    Riu Bambu
    Riu Naiboa
    Riu Palace Bavaro
    Riu Palace Macao – Adults only
    Riu Palace Punta Cana
    Riu Republica – Adults only

    MONTEGO BAY, JAMAICA
    Riu Montego Bay
    Riu Palace Jamaica – Adults only
    Riu Reggae – Adults only

    NEGRIL, JAMAICA
    Riu Negril
    Riu Palace Tropical Bay

    OCHO RIOS, JAMAICA
    Riu Ocho Rios

    NASSAU, BAHAMAS
    Riu Palace Paradise Island

    LIBERIA, COSTA RICA
    Riu Guanacaste
    Riu Palace Costa Rica

    PALM BEACH, ARUBA
    Riu Palace Antillas – Adults Only
    Riu Palace Aruba

    ANSE MARCEL, ST. MARTIN
    Riu Palace St. Martin

    PLAYA BLANCA, PANAMA
    Riu Playa Blanca

     

    Service may be operated by Delta Air Lines®; the Delta Connection® carriers: Compass Airlines, Endeavor Air, Inc., ExpressJet Airlines, Inc., GoJet Airlines, Island Air, Shuttle America and SkyWest and Delta Shuttle® carriers: Shuttle America and Compass Airlines; SkyTeam partners: Aeromexico® or codeshare partners: Aerolíneas Argentinas, Aerolitoral dba Aeromexico Connect, Aeromar, Bahamasair, Gol, SwiftAir, WestJet, and WestJet Encore.

    Pricing Terms and Conditions

    *Price is per person, based on double occupancy at Riu Negril in Negril, between Atlanta and Montego Bay. Monday departures and Friday returns via connecting service on Delta and certain Delta codeshare partners, and is valid for specific travel dates September 18 – 22, 2017. Advance purchase requirements vary. Other travel days and dates and accommodations are available at other prices. May require travel on specific flights or times; blackout dates may apply.

    For travel from the United States/Canada/Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands to Mexico City, Guadalajara, Leon, Monterrey (Mexico), Guatemala City, San Pedro Sula, Tegucigalpa, Managua, Panama City (Panama), Santo Domingo, Santiago (Dominican Republic), Port Au Prince, El Salvador (except as otherwise noted in this rule) and for travel between/within Mexico/Central America (excluding US/Canada to/from El Salvador) and the Caribbean, $40 USD/CAD1 fee for second checked bag. For travel from the United States/Canada/Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands to El Salvador, $30 USD/CAD1 fee for second checked bag. For travel from the United States/Canada/Puerto Rico/U.S. Virgin Islands to Bermuda, the Caribbean (except flights to/from Dominican Republic, Guyana and Haiti) and Mexico (excluding Mexico City, Guadalajara, Leon and Monterrey), $25 USD/CAD1 fee for first checked bag (except flights to/from Dominican Republic, Guyana, and Haiti) and $40 USD/CAD1 fee for second checked bag. For tickets on or after January 26, 2017 for travel between the U.S., Canada or Mexico and Guatemala City (GUA), Managua (MGA), San Pedro Sula (SAP) and Tegucigalpa (TGU) (except Los Angeles to Guatemala City), 25 USD/CAD1 for the first checked bag and 100 USD, 120 CAD1 or 85 EUR1 fee for second checked bag. For travel between Los Angeles and Guatemala City, no fee for the first checked bag.

    Allowances subject to size/weight limits. Contact a Delta agent or see Excess Baggage for details.
     
    1: CAD or EUR amounts will be charged when exiting Canada or Europe, respectively.

    Price is not retroactive, and is subject to availability. Price does not include any applicable hotel/resort fees or departure taxes collected by hotel/resort/airport at destination. Does not apply to groups of 10 or more people. Must be purchased through Delta Vacations. Standard Terms and Conditions apply, and are provided online during the booking process for consumers or in the ‘Resource Center’ for travel agents; other restrictions may apply. Prices, fees, rules and offers are subject to change without notice. Not responsible for errors or omissions.

    Offer Terms and Conditions

    • Purchase any Delta Vacations flight and RIU Hotels & Resorts package from any Delta Vacations origin in the U.S. or Canada to Mexico, the Caribbean or Central America, June 30 – July 31, 2017, for travel July 3, 2017 – January 31, 2018.
    • At time of reservation, you must refer to promotional code DV31093.
    • Offer is valid on reservations that include a minimum of one flight on Delta Air Lines, Hawaiian Airlines, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines, Air France, Alitalia, Island Air, Bahamasair, Aeromexico, Virgin Australia International, Virgin Atlantic, China Southern, WestJet and/or their codeshare partners; reservations that include only flights on other airlines do not qualify.
    • The hotel discount is based on the standard room charges of each of the participating hotels in Mexico, the Caribbean or Central America.
    • Participating hotels include: Mexico: Cancun — Riu Cancun, Riu Caribe, Riu Palace Las Americas and Riu Palace Peninsula; Los Cabos — Riu Palace Cabo San Lucas and Riu Santa Fe; Mazatlan — Riu Emerald Bay; Riviera Maya — Riu Lupita, Riu Palace Mexico, Riu Palace Riviera Maya, Riu Playacar, Riu Tequila and Riu Yucatan; Riviera Nayarit — Riu Jalisco, Riu Palace Pacifico and Riu Vallarta. Dominican Republic: Puerto Plata — Riu Bachata and Riu Merengue; Punta Cana — Riu Bambu, Riu Naiboa, Riu Palace Bavaro, Riu Palace Macao, Riu Palace Punta Cana and Riu Republica. Jamaica: Montego Bay — Riu Montego Bay, Riu Palace Jamaica and Riu Reggae; Negril — Riu Negril and Riu Palace Tropical Bay; Ocho Rios — Riu Ocho Rios. Bahamas: Nassau — Riu Palace Paradise Island. Costa Rica: Liberia — Riu Guanacaste and Riu Palace Costa Rica. Aruba: Palm Beach — Riu Palace Antillas and Riu Palace Aruba. St. Martin: Anse Marcel — Riu Palace St. Martin. Panama: Playa Blanca — Riu Playa Blanca.
    • Minimum 3-night hotel stay required.
    • Minimum package purchase of $1,000 per booking is required. Package purchase includes flight and hotel; or flight, hotel and car rental, plus any optional activities.
    • Discount is $25 on bookings of $1,000-$2,000; $70 on bookings of $2,001-$3,000; and $100 on bookings of $3,001 or more.
    • Maximum discount is $100 per booking; discount is a percentage of each eligible land component.
    • Additional baggage charges for checked luggage may apply, as well as any applicable hotel/resort fees or departure taxes collected by hotel/resort/airport at destination.
    • Discount is not applicable to airfare; Ski, Dive or Globus family of brands including Globus, Cosmos, Monograms and Avalon packages; for groups of 10 or more and is not retroactive.
    • Must be purchased through Delta Vacations.
    • Discount applies to qualified passengers only. Children staying free in room do not qualify for discount.
    • Discount will recalculate if modifications are made to the booking.
    • No refunds will be issued toward offer. Offer has no cash value. Offer void if qualifying booking is canceled.
    • Programs and availability may vary. Delta Vacations flight reservations may be made up to 331 days in advance of flight departure.
    • Delta Vacations must issue all airline tickets.
    • Standard Terms and Conditions apply and are outlined during the booking process; other restrictions may apply.
    • Delta Vacations is the final authority on the interpretation of these rules and reserves the right to change these Terms and Conditions without prior notice.
    • Delta Vacations is managed, operated and marketed by MLT Vacations.
    • All SkyMiles Program rules apply. To review the rules, please visit delta.com/memberguide. Delta Vacations airfares will earn Medallion Qualification Dollars (MQDs – U.S.-based members only) based on fare class and distance flown. Bonus miles do not count towards Medallion Status or Million Miler™ Status. Offers void where prohibited by law. Offers subject to change without notice. Other restrictions may apply.

    Redemption Instructions
    Promotional code will always be validated and appropriate discount will be deducted if terms and conditions are met.

    • Via the Internet:
      Enter promotional code DV31093 in the Promo Code/eCertificate box on the Booking page.

    • Via Reservations or Travel Agent:
      At time of reservation, you must refer to promotional code DV31093.

    Hotel-Provided Offer Terms and Conditions
    Resort Credits

      • Riu Bachata: 
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $700 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $1,000 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Bambu:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $1,300 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $2,100 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Merengue:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $700 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $1,000 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Montego Bay:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $460 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $590 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Naiboa:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $1,300 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $2,100 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Negril:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $460 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $590 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Ocho Rios:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $460 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $590 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Palace Antillas:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $500 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $600 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Palace Aruba:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $500 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $600 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Palace Bavaro:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $1,300 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $2,100 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Palace Costa Rica:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $900 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 or more nights to receive $1,400 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Palace Jamaica:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $460 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $590 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Palace Macao:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $1,300 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $2,100 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Palace Paradise:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $700 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $900 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Palace Punta Cana:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $1,300 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $2,100 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Palace St. Martin:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $600 in resort coupons.
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $700 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Playa Blanca:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $350 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $450 in resort coupons.
      • Riu Reggae:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $460 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $590 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Republica:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $1,300 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $2,100 in resort coupons. 
      • Riu Palace Tropical Bay:
        • Stay 4-6 nights to receive $460 in resort coupons. 
        • Stay 7 nights or longer to receive $590 in resort coupons.
    • 2,100 in resort coupons include:
      • $180 credit towards Europcar includes one coupon of $30 per day, per room, to be used on economy car rentals.
      • $50 in credits towards The Studio Photography includes 1 coupon for the Sea Package per Service. Sea Package includes 40 minutes with a professional photographer at one location on the hotel property, 25 Photos in a CD, and 1 print photo 16x8.
      • $240 credit in Renova Spa treatments includes two coupons of $35 for Renova Spa massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $25 for hot-stone, cure-stress massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for aromatherapy massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for body wrap, two coupons of $15 for spa pedicure and two coupons of $15 for wash + dry + hair mask.
      • $190 credit toward purchase at Scuba Caribe includes two coupons of $50 for PADI open-water diver, two coupons of $15 for sailing lesson and two coupons of $30 for PADI discover scuba diving course.
      • $140 in credits at Diamante Casino includes one coupon of $10 per person, per night. Valid for match play only.
      • $1,140 in credits at Punta Blanca Golf Club includes six coupon of $95 per golf round, per person. Included is round-trip transfer from the hotel to Punta Blanca Golf Club, 18 holes golf round, practice balls, electric golf car, water, soda and cold towel at the end of the tee time.
      • $200 credit toward Weddings by RIU applied toward Royal & Caprice Wedding packages. Limited to one coupon per wedding. Applies only for wedding packages paid directly at the hotel. Coupons cannot be used with prepaid weddings.
    • $1,300 in resort coupons include:
      • $90 credit towards Europcar includes one coupon of $30 per day, per room, to be used on economy car rentals.
      • $50 in credits towards The Studio Photography includes 1 coupon for the Sea Package per Service. Sea Package includes 40 minutes with a professional photographer at one location on the hotel property, 25 Photos in a CD, and 1 print photo 16x8.
      • $240 credit in Renova Spa treatments includes two coupons of $35 for Renova Spa massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $25 for hot-stone, cure-stress massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for aromatherapy massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for body wrap, two coupons of $15 for spa pedicure and two coupons of $15 for wash + dry + hair mask.
      • $190 credit toward purchase at Scuba Caribe includes two coupons of $50 for PADI open-water diver, two coupons of $15 for sailing lesson and two coupons of $30 for PADI discover scuba diving course.
      • $80 in credits at Diamante Casino includes one coupon of $10 per person, per night. Valid for match play only.
      • $570 in credits at Punta Blanca Golf Club includes six coupons of $95 per golf round, per person. Included is round-trip transfer from the hotel to Punta Blanca Golf Club, 18 holes golf round, practice balls, electric golf car, water, soda and cold towel at the end of the tee time.
      • $100 credit toward Weddings by RIU applied toward Royal & Caprice Wedding packages. Limited to one coupon per wedding. Applies only for wedding packages paid directly at the hotel. Coupons cannot be used with prepaid weddings.
    • $1,000 in resort coupons include:
      • $240 credit in Renova Spa treatments includes two coupons of $35 for Renova Spa massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $25 for hot-stone, cure-stress massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for aromatherapy massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for body wrap of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for spa pedicure and two coupons for deep cleansing facial of 50 minutes or more.
      • $150 credit toward purchase at Scuba Caribe includes two coupons of $60 for PADI open-water diver, two coupons of $10 for PADI discover scuba diving and two coupons of $5 for sail/windsurf lesson.
      • $240 in credits at Playa Dorada Golf Club valid one coupon per person, per golf round. Eight coupons apply. $12 for tee time and $3 for golf car rental. Additional charge applies for government taxes. Caddy is mandatory.
      • $200 credit toward Weddings by RIU applied toward Royal & Caprice Wedding packages. Limited to one coupon per wedding. Applies only for wedding packages paid directly at the hotel. Coupons cannot be used with prepaid weddings.
      • $180 credit toward Europcar includes one coupon of $30 per day, per room, to be used on economy car rentals.
    • $900 in resort coupons include:
      • $220 credit toward Renova Spa Treatments.
      • $210 toward purchases at Scuba Caribe.
      • $80 in credits at the Maunaloa Casino.
      • $300 in credits at the Vista Ridge Golf & Country Club.
      • $100 in credits toward Weddings by Riu.
      • $15 in credits at Thrifty Rent - a – Car.
    • $700 in resort coupons include:
      • $240 credit in Renova Spa treatments includes two coupons of $35 for Renova Spa massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $25 for hot-stone, cure-stress massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for aromatherapy massage of 50 minutes or more, two coupons of $15 for body wrap, two coupons of $15 for spa pedicure and two coupons of $15 for deep-cleansing facial of 50 minutes or more.
      • $150 credit toward purchase at Scuba Caribe includes two coupons of $60 for PADI open-water diver, two coupons of $10 for PADI discover scuba diving and two coupons of $5 for sail/windsurf lesson.
      • $120 in credits at Playa Dorada Golf Club valid one coupon per person, per golf round. Eight coupons apply. $12 for tee time and $3 for golf car rental. Additional charge applies for government taxes. Caddy is mandatory.
      • $100 credit toward Weddings by RIU applied toward Royal & Caprice Wedding packages. Limited to one coupon per wedding. Applies only for wedding packages paid directly at the hotel. Coupons cannot be used with prepaid weddings.
      • $90 credit towards Europcar includes one coupon of $30 per day, per room, to be used on economy car rentals.
    • $600 in resort coupons include:
      • $200 credit in Renova Spa Treatments includes two coupons of $30 for Renova combination, two coupons of $25 for special facial treatments of 50 minutes, two coupons of $20 for body wrap, two coupons of $15 for stress-cure massage of 80 minutes and two coupons of $10 for spa pedicure.
      • $180 credit toward purchase at Scuba Caribe includes two coupons of $50 for PADI open-water course, two coupons of $20 for Starlite dinner cruise and wet 'n’ wild full-day tour, two coupons of $10 for beach and cave tour and two coupons of $10 for brunch cruise.
      • $20 in credits at Cool Casino includes two coupons of $10 per room, per stay. Valid to play in slot machines and table games.
      • $200 credit toward Weddings by RIU applied toward Royal & Caprice Wedding packages. Limited to one coupon per wedding. Applies only for wedding packages paid directly at the hotel. Coupons cannot be used with prepaid weddings.
    • $590 in resort coupons include:
      • $190 credit at Renova Spa includes two coupons of $35 for Renova Signature treatments, two coupons of $15 for the weekly special, two coupons of $15 for bo