Баклажан — 1 кг
Перец сладкий красный — 1 кг
Сок томатный — 1.5 л
Чеснок — 1 шт. большая головка
Уксус — 100 г 9%
Сахар — 100 г
Масло растительное — 120 г
Перец чили — 1 шт. стручок
Соль — 40 г
|Angehörige vermisster Personen in Kosovo wollen endlich die Wahrheit wissen||An einer zweitägigen Konferenz in Genf sollen die Bemühungen zur Identifizierung von Personen, die seit dem Kosovo-Krieg (1998-1999) verschollen sind, erneut aufgenommen werden. Familien von serbischen und kosovarischen Opfern sind vereint, um die lokalen und internationalen Behörden dazu zu bewegen, die Blockaden und den fehlenden politischen Willen zu überwinden. "Wir, die Mütter, Väter, Gattinnen, Gatten, Brüder, Schwestern, Töchter, Söhne und alle anderen Familienmitglieder von vermissten Personen (…) werden nicht ruhen, bis das Schicksal der letzten verschollenen Person geklärt ist. Jeder Tag, und dies seit 18 Jahren, ist für jeden und jede von uns ein Tag der Agonie." Mit diesen Worten beginnt der gemeinsame Appell, den die serbischen und kosovarischen Familien jener Personen, die seit dem Kosovo-Krieg Ende der 1990er-Jahren vermisst werden, am 21. Juni unterzeichnet haben. Sie verlangen einmal mehr, dass ihnen die sterblichen Überreste ihrer Angehörigen übergeben ...|
|World: General Assembly Approves Appropriation of $6.8 Billion for 14 Peacekeeping Operations in 2017/18|
Source: UN General Assembly
Country: Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, Serbia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Western Sahara, World
GENERAL ASSEMBLY PLENARY
Approving the appropriation of $6.80 billion for 14 peacekeeping operations for the 2017/18 fiscal period, the General Assembly today adopted 21 resolutions and one decision contained in reports from its Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary). (See Press Release GA/AB/4239.)
Appropriating funds for peacekeeping operations from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, the Assembly adopted resolutions on missions in Abyei, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Cyprus, Darfur, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Golan, Haiti, Kosovo, Lebanon, Liberia, Mali, South Sudan and Western Sahara.
All texts were adopted without a vote, with the exception of the resolution setting out budgetary arrangements for the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), which it adopted by a recorded vote of 137 in favour to 3 against (Canada, Israel, United States) with no abstentions.
The Assembly also adopted related drafts on the support account for peacekeeping operations, and financing for the account; on the triennial review of the rates and standards for reimbursement to Member States for contingent-owned equipment; and on the United Nations Logistics Base at Brindisi, Italy, and Regional Service Centre in Entebbe, Uganda.
As well, it adopted a resolution on special measures for protection from sexual exploitation and abuse, by which it requested the Secretary-General to immediately inform Member States concerned of allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse, and called upon Member States — including those deploying non-United Nations forces authorized by a Security Council mandate — to investigate such cases, hold perpetrators accountable and repatriate units where there was credible evidence of widespread or systemic sexual exploitation and abuse.
Also adopted was a text on the United Nations financial reports and audited financial statements on peacekeeping missions, as well as the Board of Auditors’ reports on them.
Finally, the Assembly adopted a draft decision by which it deferred, until the second part of its resumed seventy-second session, consideration of reports from the Secretary-General, and related reports from the Advisory Committee, regarding closed peacekeeping missions.
Action on Draft Resolutions
The Assembly took action on the draft resolutions contained in reports from its Fifth Committee (Administrative and Budgetary), which were introduced by Committee Rapporteur Diana Lee (Singapore).
First, it adopted a resolution contained in the budget Committee’s report on financial reports and audited financial statements, and reports of the Board of Auditors (document A/71/702/Add.1), accepting the financial report and audited financial statements of United Nations peacekeeping operations for the period ending 30 June 2016. It endorsed the recommendations in the corresponding reports of the Board and the Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (ACABQ), and asked the Secretary-General to ensure their full implementation. It went on to ask the Secretary-General to indicate an expected time frame for implementation, and to give, in his next report, a full explanation for delays in implementation of the Board’s outstanding recommendations, the root causes of recurring issues and measures to be taken.
It then turned to the report on administrative and budgetary aspects of financing peacekeeping operations (document A/71/708/Add.1), adopting five resolutions contained therein.
First, it adopted resolution I on the financing of the Regional Service Centre in Entebbe, Uganda, by which it approved the amount of $33 million for the maintenance of the Centre for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018.
Then it adopted resolution II on the financing of the United Nations Logistics Base at Brindisi, Italy, by which the Assembly would approve the cost estimates for the Base in the amount of $81 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018.
Next, it adopted resolution III on the support account for peacekeeping operations. By its terms, the Assembly decided to approve the support account requirements of $325.80 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $25.04 million for the enterprise resource planning project, $821,500 for information and systems security and $868,500 for the global service delivery model. It also approved the requirement of 1,357 continuing and 3 new temporary posts, as well as the abolishment, redeployment, reassignment and reclassification of posts, as set out in annex I of the text; and 77 continuing and 3 new general temporary assistance positions and 59 person-months, as set out in annex II, as well as related post and non-post requirements.
The Assembly went on to adopt resolution IV on the triennial review of the rates and standards for reimbursement to Member States for contingent-owned equipment. By doing so, it took note of the report of the 2017 Working Group on Contingent-Owned Equipment and the report of the Secretary-General. It also endorsed the conclusions and recommendations contained in the report of the ACABQ.
Finally, it adopted resolution V on special measures for protection from sexual exploitation and sexual abuse. By its terms, the Assembly welcomed the Secretary-General’s determination to fully implement the United Nations policy of zero tolerance for sexual exploitation and abuse, as well as his determination to fully enforce the newly promulgated policy of whistle-blower protection. It requested that he immediately inform Member States concerned of allegations of sexual exploitation and abuse, and called upon Member States — including those deploying non-United Nations forces authorized by a Security Council mandate — to investigate such cases, hold perpetrators accountable and repatriate units where there was credible evidence of widespread or systemic sexual exploitation and abuse.
Turning to reports on peacekeeping missions, the Assembly first adopted a text on financing of the United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei (UNISFA) (document A/71/945), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNISFA the amount of $285.12 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $266.70 million for the maintenance of the Force, $13.49 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $3.38 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $1.56 million for the Regional Service Centre.
Turning to a report on financing of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) (document A/71/946), the Assembly decided to appropriate to the Special Account for the Mission $943.77 million from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $882.80 million for the maintenance of the Mission, $44.65 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $11.16 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $5.16 million for the Regional Service Centre.
The Assembly then adopted a text on financing of the United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) (document A/71/715/Add.1). By its terms, the Assembly, recalling Security Council resolution 2284 (2016) extending the mission mandate for a final period until 30 June 2017, decided that, for Member States that had fulfilled their financial obligations to the Operation, shall be credited with their respective share of $65.22 million, comprising the unencumbered balance of $48.68 million and $16.54 million of other revenue in respect of the financial period ending 30 June 2016.
It then adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) (document A/71/947). By its terms, it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNFICYP $57.41 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, inclusive of $54.00 million for the maintenance of the Force, $2.73 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $682,900 for the United Nations Logistics Base.
Next, it adopted a report on financing of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) (document A/71/948), appropriating to the Special Account for MONUSCO $1.22 billion for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, inclusive of $1.14 billion for the maintenance of the Mission, $57.74 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $14.44 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $6.67 million for the Regional Service Centre.
The Assembly then adopted a resolution contained in the Committee’s report on financing of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) (document A/71/933) by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for that Mission $5.69 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 31 December 2017, including $4.55 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $1.14 million for the United Nations Logistics Base.
Next, the Assembly adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) (document A/71/950), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNMIK $40.29 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $37.90 million for the maintenance of the Mission, $1.92 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $479,200 for the United Nations Logistics Base.
It then adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) (document A/71/951). By its terms, it appropriated to the Special Account for UNMIL $116.95 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $110.00 million for the maintenance of the Mission, $5.56 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $1.91 million for the United Nations Logistics Base.
The Assembly also adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) (document A/71/952), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for MINUSMA $1.12 billion for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $1.05 billion for the maintenance of the Mission, $53.00 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $13.25 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $6.12 million for the Regional Service Centre.
Under its agenda item on financing of the United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East, the Assembly took action on resolutions contained in two reports.
It first adopted a draft on the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force (UNDOF) (document A/71/953), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for the Force the amount of $61.30 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $57.65 million for the maintenance of UNDOF, $2.92 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $729,100 for the United Nations Logistics Base.
The representative of Syria said his delegation had joined consensus on the resolutions on United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Middle East. However, it believed that it was Israel’s responsibility to pay for those Missions.
The Assembly then turned to a resolution contained in the report on the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL) (document A/71/954).
By a recorded vote of 85 in favour to 3 against (Canada, Israel, United States) with 53 abstentions, the Assembly adopted preambular paragraph 4 and operative paragraphs 4, 5 and 13.
Taking action on the draft resolution as a whole, the Assembly adopted it by a recorded vote of 137 in favour to 3 against (Canada, Israel, United States) with no abstentions.
By its terms, the Assembly decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNIFIL the amount of $513.53 million, for the period from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, inclusive of $483.00 million for the maintenance of the Force, $24.43 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $6.11 million for the United Nations Logistics Base.
Also by the draft, the Assembly expressed deep concern that Israel had not complied with previous resolutions on UNIFIL, and requested that the Secretary-General take the measures necessary to ensure the full implementation of their relevant paragraphs.
The Assembly then adopted a resolution on financing of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) (document A/71/955), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for UNMISS $1.14 billion for the period from 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $1.07 billion for the maintenance of the Mission, $54.16 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $13.54 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $6.26 million for the Regional Service Centre.
The Assembly then adopted the resolution in the report on financing of the United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO) (document A/71/956), by which it decided to appropriate to the Special Account for MINURSO $55.59 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $52.00 million for the maintenance of the Mission, $2.63 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $657,600 for the United Nations Logistics Base and $303,800 for the Regional Service Centre.
It then adopted a resolution on financing of the African Union-United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) (document A/71/957), by which it appropriated to the Special Account for UNAMID $33.56 million for the period of 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $24.58 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations and $6.15 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $2.84 million for the Regional Service Centre.
Taking up the report on financing of the activities arising from Security Council resolution 1863 (2009) (document A/71/958), the Assembly decided to appropriate to the Special Account for the United Nations Support Office for the African Union Mission in Somalia (UNSOA) $622.19 million for the period 1 July 2017 to 30 June 2018, including $582.00 million for the maintenance of the Office, $29.43 million for the support account for peacekeeping operations, $7.36 million for the United Nations Logistics Base and $3.40 million for the Regional Service Centre.
Finally, acting on the Committee’s report on review of the efficiency of the administration and financial functioning of the United Nations (document A/71/717/Add.2), the Assembly deferred until the second part of its resumed seventy-second session consideration of the reports of the Secretary-General and the ACABQ on closed peacekeeping missions.
|Natalica_JA: Летние салаты на обед и ужин, рецепты летних салатов.Часть 2|
Это цитата сообщения ЛЮДМИЛА_ГОРНАЯ Оригинальное сообщение
Баклажан — 1 кг
Дыня — 500 г
Банан — 1 шт.
Баклажан — 8 шт.
Сельдь — 140 г
Помидор — 1 шт.
Кабачок — 2 шт.
Свекла — 150 г
Слива — 3 шт. крупные
Капуста белокочанная — 1.2 кг
Филе куриное — 280 г
Крупа гречневая — 300 г отваренной
Ошеломительных вкусовых открытий и теплых солнечных дней!
|Les États-Unis et les mouvements sécessionnistes : analyse de Jonathan Paquin||Crimée, Kosovo, Sud-Soudan, Écosse, Catalogne... Comment les États-Unis se positionnent-ils face aux poussées sécessionnistes ? Notre collègue du Département de science politique et directeur du Programme Paix et sécurité internationales répond au micro de NPR - National Public Radio, aux États-Unis.|
|Les murs frontaliers en relations internationales : nouveau numéro d'Études internationales||«Les murs sont encore les mal-aimés des relations internationales, bien souvent cantonnés par les géographes à leur seule dimension limologique [...]. Pourtant, l'étude du ''blindage'' des frontières permet d'établir la thèse d'un véritable retour du mur en relations internationales, dans un cadre qui conduit nombre de pays à se replier sur leur territoire (et donc à s'emmurer), mais aussi à emmurer l'Autre à l'extérieur». C'est sous cet angle queCharles-Philippe David et Elisabeth Vallet, tous deux professeurs à l'UQAM, pilotent le nouveau numéro d'Études internationales, qui vient de sortir.
En voici le sommaire:
Elisabeth Vallet et Charles-Philippe DavidIntroduction. Du retour des murs frontaliers en relations internationales
Nicolas Lemay-HébertMultiethnicité ou ghettoïsation ? State-Building international et partition du Kosovo à l’aune du projet controversé de mur à Mitrovica
Said SaddikiLes clôtures de Ceuta et de Melilla : Une frontière européennemultidimensionnelle ?
Anne-Laure Amilhat SzaryQue montrent les murs ? Des frontières contemporaines de plus en plus visibles
Marie-Hélène PozzarDe la Grande Muraille à la Cyber Muraille. Nouvelles barrières immatérielles en République populaire de Chine
Commander ce numéro ou s'abonner à la revue|
|RIHANNA, ISIS, ISLAMISTS by (Aangirfan Blog)||http://aanirfan.blogspot.com|
RIHANNA, ISIS, ISLAMISTS
Rihanna and Hassan Jameel.
Rihanna is part of a conspiracy?Rihanna's new love is Saudi Toyota dealership heir and Naomi Campbell's ex-beau Hassan Jameel.
ISIS has large numbers of brand-new Toyota trucks.
Rihanna is a mind controlled sex slave?
The US State Department arranged for fleets of Toyota trucks to be sent to the 'Free Syrian Army', which works alongside ISIS.
The Mystery of ISIS' Toyota Army
In 1956, there was a big conspiracy involving the UK, France and Israel.
There was a joint plot to attack Egypt.
BRITAIN TRIED TO HELP ISRAEL STEAL TERRITORY
In 1956, Israel wanted an excuse to seize the Gaza Strip and the Sinai Peninsula.
Israel held secret talks with Britain and France.
The UK Prime Minister, Sir Anthony Eden, agreed to the illegal joint attack on Egypt.
Documents (Sir Anthony Eden's cabinet discussed concealing Suez 'collusion) released after more than 50 years show: the UK Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden's cabinet discussed how to lie to the public and the world about the secret pact with France and Israel to seize Egypt's Suez canal in 1956.
"At Gamil airport, a young Egyptian ... was seized by the British, who wanted to know the whereabouts of Egyptian arms stores.
"He later claimed that one of his eyes was cut out by a British interrogation officer ... and the other eye taken out later when he refused to broadcast propaganda for the allies..."
The Mad Muslims in Acheh are reportedly controlled by the CIA and its friends.
In the 1960s, MI6 supported Islamic guerrillas in Indonesia.
According to The Independent (UK): "Cabinet papers show that British spies, including MI6, supported Islamic guerrillas in order to destabilise Sukarno."
The Secret State: The Security Service
Website for this image
For more than fifty years, the CIA and its friends have been employing militant Moslems to do their dirty work.
1. Before World war II, British intelligence used the Moslem Brotherhood against Britain's German rivals in North Africa.
(The British, Muslim Terrorism and September 11)
2. Around 1955, the CIA began to co-operate with the Moslem Brotherhood.
The CIA and MI6 used the Moslem Brotherhood to weaken both Egypt and Syria.
3. In the 1960s, MI6 supported Islamic guerrillas in Indonesia.
According to The Independent (UK): "Cabinet papers show that British spies, including MI6, supported Islamic guerrillas in order to destabilise Sukarno."
(The Secret State: MI5 (Home Office/MoD), The Security Service and ...)
4. Israel funded the Muslim Brotherhood and Hamas, in order to divide the Palestinians.
John Buchan, who worked for UK military intelligence, wrote Greenmantle, which is about a warlike Islamist, who is secretly working for the security services.
5. In 1979, the CIA and MI6 used the Moslem Brotherhood to topple the Shah of Iran and install the Ayatollahs.
(The British, Muslim Terrorism and September 11)
6. In 1979 the CIA was building up and arming the militant Moslem Mujahadeen in Afghanistan.
The idea was to lure Russia into Afghanistan.
Website for this image
7. In 1991, the CIA and NATO used Al Qaeda to break up Yugoslavia.
(Global Research, 8 September 2010, Andrew Gavin Marshall: "The Anglo-American Terror Network")
Yugoslavia was a friend of Russia and was next door to a lot of oil wealth.
Moslems arrived in Bosnia from Afghanistan and other Moslem countries.
Clinton gave the 'green light' to Iran to arm the Bosnian Muslims.
Israel armed the Bosnian Serbs.
The idea was to foment conflict.
The Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA), which took control of the Balkan heroin trafficking routes, fought the Serbs.
The KLA, which had links to bin Laden, was trained and armed by the USA.
8. The CIA and its friends employed Moslem militants to create trouble for Russia in its province of Chechnya.
("The Anglo-American Terror Network")
US intelligence helped fund and transport al-Qaeda into Chechnya in the early 1990s.
In Chechnya, the two main rebel leaders who came to power had been trained by the CIA in Afghanistan.
A war in Chechnya was planned in a secret meeting in 1996 attended by Osama bin Laden and officials of the Pakistani ISI.
In other words, the CIA was directing the war through the ISI.
US intelligence helped fund and transport al-Qaeda into Chechnya in the early 1990s.
9. In 2002, it was revealed that, “British intelligence paid large sums of money to an al-Qaeda cell in Libya in a doomed attempt to assassinate Colonel Gadaffi in 1996 and thwarted early attempts to bring Osama bin Laden to justice.”
Anas al-Liby, a Libyan al-Qaeda leader, “was given political asylum in Britain and lived in Manchester until May of 2000 when he eluded a police raid on his house and fled abroad.”
("The Anglo-American Terror Network")
TRUMP, ISIS, PORN, SEXUAL ABUSE ...
10. In the 1990s, Osama bin Laden 'built a shadow air force to support his terrorist activities, using Afghanistan's national airline Ariana, a surplus U.S. Air Force jet and clandestine charters.'
(Global Research, on 8 September 2010, Andrew Gavin Marshall: "The Anglo-American Terror Network")
Bin Laden's US Air Force jet in 1992 “was used to ferry Al Qaeda commanders to East Africa, where they trained Somali tribesmen..."
And now, Algerians and Moroccans are said to be in Al Qaeda training camps in Israel.
Algerians and Moroccans in El Qaida training camps in Israel
TRUMP, ISIS, PORN, SEXUAL ABUSE ...
CLASSIC AMERICAN JUSTICE.
CHARLESTON CHURCH - FALSE FLAG CONSPIRACY
JO COX FALSE FLAG CONSPIRACY
QUEBEC MOSQUE ATTACK - FALSE FLAG INSIDE JOB ...
TRUMP - GLOBAL CRIMINAL CONSPIRACY .
|KOSOVO Kettenanhänger aus 925 Silber mit Brillant am Wunschort|
|Wie es sich anfühlt, wenn der Schulfreund abgeschoben wird||Wie fühlt sich das an, wenn die eigenen Mitschüler vom einen Tag auf den anderen nicht mehr da sind, weil ihre Abschiebung droht?|
Drei Schüler der Johanna-Eck-Oberschule in Berlin mussten diese Erfahrung machen. Sie haben ihre Eindrücke für die Aktion "Q-rage!" online aufgeschrieben.
"Wallah, wir bleiben immer zusammen"
Am Donnerstag, den 15. Juni 2017, haben wir um 09:09 Uhr eine schlechte Nachricht in unserer Klasse erhalten.
Ein Schüler aus meiner Klasse, der aus dem Kosovo kommt, hatte schon lange Angst, dass er abgeschoben werden könnte. Er heißt Fatlum, ist siebzehn Jahre alt und seit zwei Jahren in Deutschland.
Nach einem Jahr konnte er schon sehr gut Deutsch sprechen. Er war auch im Fußballverein und hat für sich ein gutes Leben in Deutschland geplant. Seine Freundin heißt Nikola und sie sind seit fast einem Jahr zusammen.
Als Nikola erfuhr, dass er in den Kosovo abgeschoben werden soll, konnte sie ihre Tränen nicht zurückhalten.
Ich war bei ihr, als sie es erfuhr. Sie sagte, an dem Tag, an dem er abgeschoben wurde, hatte sie das Gefühl, dass etwas mit ihm passieren wird. Ich habe ihr Hoffnung gegeben und habe sie Fatlum von meinem Handy anrufen lassen.
Aber da antwortete eine Frau, die wir nicht kannten. Nikola war erst eifersüchtig und dachte, Fatlum ist mit einem anderen Mädchen zu Hause. Doch es war alles schlimmer, als sie es gedacht hatte.
Es war eine Polizistin. Sie sagte, dass Fatlum bei ihr sei. Als wir das erfuhren fuhr Nikola mit einer Freundin in seine Wohnung. Sie konnte ihn noch sehen, als er seine Sachen packte.
Sie sah, wie überrascht er war. Die Polizei hat ihn zum Flughafen mitgenommen. Bevor er ging, sagte er einen letzten Satz zu Nikola: "Wallah, wir bleiben immer zusammen."
"Ich sollte nicht weinen, sondern Hoffnung geben"
Ich bin mit drei Jungs aus meiner Klasse und meiner Lehrerin zum Flughafen Schönefeld gefahren. Als ich sah, wie traurig Nikola war, konnte ich meine Tränen auch nicht halten. Auch ich habe geweint.
Obwohl ich nicht weinen, sondern ihr Hoffnung geben sollte. Das braucht sie jetzt.
Als die anderen Jungs aus meiner Klasse, die gerade auf einem Ausflug gewesen waren, erfuhren, was passiert war, kamen sie sofort auch zum Flughafen. Fatlums bester Freund war sehr traurig, aber hatte gleichzeitig auch Angst, dass er in dieselbe Situation kommen könnte.
Denn auch er kommt aus dem Kosovo.
Wir wussten, dass Fatlums Flugzeug um 14:00 Uhr fliegen wird.
Wir warteten, obwohl wir wussten, dass wir ihn wahrscheinlich nicht sehen würden. Wir waren drei Stunden auf der Aussichtsplattform für Besucher um nur einen Blick von Fatlum zu bekommen.
Doch wir sind abgefahren, ohne ihn gesehen zu haben. Wieder zuhause haben wir mit ihm gesprochen und er meinte, er sei um 15:30 Uhr geflogen. Wir haben ihm ein Foto gesendet, wie wir auf dem Flughafen auf ihn gewartet haben. Er hat sich sehr darüber gefreut.
Unsere Klassenlehrerinnen waren sehr traurig. Sie haben einen Anwalt engagiert, damit Fatlum wieder zurückkommen kann. Ich habe immer noch Hoffnung, dass er wieder zu uns kommt. Wir warten auf ihn und wünschen, dass er so schnell wie möglich in unsere Klasse zurückkommt.
"Ich verstehe nicht, warum Mitschüler von mir einfach abgeschoben werden"
Am 15. Juni 2017, wartete ich auf dem Flur vor der Klasse auf einen Freund.
Da hörte ich ein Mädchen weinen. Jemand fragte mich, wo unsere Lehrerin sei. Ich antwortete: "Im Raum 315."
Mehrere SchülerInnen rannten an mir vorbei. Ich wollte wissen, was passiert war. Sie antworteten, dass ein Junge in den Kosovo abgeschoben werden soll. Der Junge heiße Fatlum und sei der Freund von dem weinenden Mädchen.
Mich überkam ein komisches Gefühl. Dieses Gefühl kann man schwer beschreiben, weil ich eigentlich nicht viel mit ihm zu tun hatte.
Ich hatte gelegentlich in der siebten Klasse mit ihm Sportunterricht gehabt. Ich hatte dieses eigenartige Gefühl deshalb, weil ich sonst so etwas nur im Fernsehen gesehen habe.
➨ Mehr zum Thema: Ich bin 15 Jahre alt, 13 davon verbrachte ich in ständiger Angst - helft mir, sicher zu bleiben
Ich finde es sehr traurig, weil ich nicht weiß, was ich in so einer Situation machen würde. Ich finde es extrem schlimm, Personen, die einem nahe stehen, wegzureißen. Ich verstehe nicht, warum Mitschüler von mir einfach abgeschoben werden.
Ich habe selber einen Migrationshintergrund und verstehe nicht, warum ich problemlos hier leben kann und jemand anders nicht. Mein Name ist Justin. Meine Eltern kommen aus Polen. Ich bin neu in der AG "Schule ohne Rassismus".
"Er hat ein Herz aus Gold"
Ich bin Rumyana und komme aus Bulgarien. Ich lebe seit 2014 in Deutschland. Zuerst war ich an einer Grundschule und dann bin ich 2015 an die Johanna-Eck-Oberschule gewechselt.
Ich möchte über meinen Mitschüler Fatlum nur kurz etwas erzählen. Er kommt aus dem Kosovo. Am 15. Juni 2017 wurde er dorthin zurückgeschickt.
Gestern früh am Morgen war ich in meiner Klasse.
Wir merkten: Fatlum war schon den zweiten Tag nicht in der Klasse. Seine Freundin Nikola machte sich Sorgen um ihn und rief ihn an. Eine fremde Frau war am Handy.
Nikola wollte nicht mit der Frau sprechen und gab das Handy an Mitko. Der sagte: "Wir wollen Fatlum sprechen. Wer sind sie?" Die Frau antwortete: "Ich bin die Polizei und wer sind sie?".
Mitko fragte, wo Fatlum sei. Die Polizistin antwortete, er fliege heute zurück in den Kosovo. Und leider könne sie ihn nicht ans Telefon holen.
➨ Mehr zum Thema: In Deutschland geboren und trotzdem abgeschoben: 14-Jährige während des Unterrichts abgeholt
Wenn wir ihn sehen wollen, dürften wir nur in der nächsten halben Stunde zu ihm nach Hause kommen.
Sofort ging seine Freundin Nikola mit einer anderen Schülerin los. Weil er so weit weg wohnt, kam sie aber sehr spät an und konnte ihn nur zwei Minuten lang sehen. Er musste schon zum Flughafen.
Unsere Lehrerin wollte nur mit drei oder vier SchülerInnen zum Flughafen gehen. Sie sagte, das sei besser, damit Fatlum nicht traurig wird, wenn er uns sieht. Die anderen Schüler wollten aber auch zu Fatlum. Wir haben bis zum Ende der Stunde gewartet und sind dann schnell zum Flughafen Schönefeld gefahren.
Leider haben wir ihn aber nicht gesehen, weil er bei der Polizei war und die das nicht erlaubten. Wir hatten auch ein Geschenk dabei, konnten es ihm aber leider nicht geben.
"Unsere Klasse war wie eine Familie"
Er musste sogar sein Handy ausmachen, damit er zu niemandem Kontakt haben konnte. Er war in einem anderen Gebäude und wir konnten nicht zu ihm gehen. Das Gebäude sah aus wie ein Gefängnis. Als ob Fatlum jemanden getötet hätte.
Wir sind auf die Terrasse vom Flughafengebäude gegangen um Fatlum zu sehen. Wir haben von 12:00 bis 14:30 Uhr gewartet, aber leider haben wir ihn nicht gesehen. Und heute haben wir erfahren: Er ist um 15:30 Uhr von Deutschland Richtung Kosovo geflogen.
Ich bin sehr traurig, weil unsere Klasse wie eine Familie war. Und in dieser Familie fehlt nun uns jetzt Fatlum, unser Bruder.
Ohne ihn ist die Atmosphäre in der Klasse nicht gut. Und seit gestern können wir uns nicht konzentrieren und nicht gut schlafen. Wir machen bald zwei Klassenfahrten. Die erste geht nächste Woche nach Wittenmoor und die nächste nach London.
➨ Mehr zum Thema: Afghanischer Junge soll abgeschoben werden - seine Mitschüler wollen das mit dieser Aktion verhindern
Fatlum wollte gerne mitfahren.
Er ist ein sehr netter Junge. Er ist groß, siebzehn Jahre alt und hat braune Augen. Er ist sehr freundlich und hilfsbereit. Sein Lieblingsverein ist Real Madrid.
Er ist in meinen Augen ein sehr starker Junge. Wir alle glauben daran und hoffen, dass er wieder zu uns kommt und mit uns die zehnte Klasse macht. Er hat ein Herz aus Gold.
Heute sind wir zum Aktiventreffen von "Schule ohne Rassismus-Schule mit Courage" zu spät gekommen, weil wir in der Klasse überlegt haben, was wir tun können, damit Fatlum wieder zu uns kommt.
Unsere Lehrerinnen überlegen natürlich auch, was sie tun können. Wir werden alles machen, damit unser Bruder Fatlum wieder zu uns in die Klasse kommt. Ich bin sicher, er wird kommen.
(c) Q-rage! Das Geschenk für Fatlum konnten die Schüler*innen nicht mehr übergeben
Der Beitrag erschien ursprünglich auf Q-rage! Online.
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|L'italia Chiamò|| |
«I soldati americani erano equipaggiati diversamente. Prima dientrare in una zona considerata a rischio indossavano tute protettive,guanti speciali, maschere con filtro. Noi invece lavoravamo a maninude, le nostre maschere, quando ce le davano, erano di carta, tuteniente».
Quattro soldati cercano un difficile ritorno alla normalità dopoessersi ammalati di tumore operando in zone bombardate con armiall’uranio impoverito. Luca, Emerico, Angelo e Salvatore hanno sceltovolontariamente la divisa, ma sono stati abbandonati dall'Esercitoproprio quando hanno dovuto lottare per la vita. Chi ha denunciato hasubito minacce e ricatti, chi ha taciuto è sprofondato nellasolitudine. L’Italia chiamò è un’inchiesta multimediale cheracconta attraverso immagini e testo gli effetti dell’inquinamentobellico sul personale delle forze armate impiegato in Bosnia, Kosovo eIraq.
Il documentario giornalistico, premiato dalla critica, riannodain un diario intimo le storie dei soldati, ricostruendo la catena delleresponsabilità.
Ottobre 1993. Travolto dallo scandalo della Sindrome del Golfo, cheha fatto migliaia di vittime tra i militari inviati in Iraq, ildipartimento della Difesa degli Stati Uniti dirama le prime normegenerali di protezione dall’uranio impoverito.
Il videotapeinformativo, originariamente destinato alle caserme, viene trasmesso atutti i paesi membri dell’Alleanza atlantica, ma in Italia lo Statomaggiore dell’Esercito non lo mostrerà mai ai soldati, checontinueranno a partire per le missioni di “pace” all’estero senzaadeguate protezioni, ammalandosi e morendo. Perché i vertici delleforze armate hanno taciuto? Hanno sottovalutato i rischi dellacontaminazione oppure nessuno ha voluto assumersi la responsabilità dirispondere alle famiglie di chi aveva subito la contaminazione? In unoscenario inquinato da statistiche fasulle, due Commissioni parlamentarid’inchiesta hanno cercato di ristabilire la verità dei fatti,riuscendoci solo parzialmente. Per alcuni scienziati non è dimostrabileil nesso causa-effetto tra l’insorgenza dei tumori e l’esposizioneall’inquinamento bellico. Ma nei corpi dei soldati ci sono elementichimici che possono provenire solo da esplosione di uranio impoverito.
Di recente i tribunali ne hanno riconosciuto gli effetti letali,aprendo la strada a centinaia di richieste di risarcimento. Mentre lapolitica litiga sulle cifre, chiunque è libero di sperimentare armi nonconvenzionali nei poligoni sardi, bastano 50 mila dollari eun’autocertificazione. Il picco dei decessi deve ancora arrivare,avvertono gli scienziati, aspettiamoci il peggio.
|Uranio|| Sono quasi trecento i soldati malati, 37 i morti, potrebbe essere una strage.|
E' una storia di morte, rabbia, disinformazione, menzogne e bugie di stato.
E' una delle storie più delicate e pericolose di questi ultimi anni.
E' la storia dell'Uranio 238, l'Uranio impoverito utilizzato fin dal 1991 in molte zone di guerra, in Bosnia e Kosovo.
E' una vergogna tutta italiana: Una bomba contro la fiducia dei cittadini nella politica e sui vertici militari che vogliono mettere a tacere il caso.
In questo libro sono contenuti documenti originali e inedite, fotografie, lettere e testimonianze raccolte dalla viva voce dei soldati che stanno morendo.
|Censura 2009|| |
Come ogni anno, Censura raccoglie le notizie che avrebbero dovuto occupare le prime pagine di tutti i giornali e telegiornali del mondo e che, invece, sono letteralmente e scrupolosamente “scomparse”.
Ecco qualche esempio:
• L’industria dell’energia e delle armi nucleari e gli enti governativi che sovrintendono alle attività nucleari stanno operando affinché grandi quantità di terreni e materiali contaminati dalla radioattività vengano riclassificati come “non radioattivi”. Non vogliono infatti pagare per isolare le scorie – che comprendono metallo, cemento, asfalto, plastica, terreni, attrezzature ed edifici – e hanno deciso di inviarle nei siti di stoccaggio ordinari o persino di riciclarle a scopo commerciale, col rischio che finiscano in oggetti di uso quotidiano.
• Oggi nel mondo esistono 27 milioni di schiavi, una cifra senza precedenti. Il commercio di esseri umani contende al traffico di droga e al contrabbando d’armi il triste primato di principale attività criminale del pianeta.
• L’addestramento segreto degli eserciti e della polizia latinoamericana, che un tempo avveniva nelle famigerate Scuole delle Americhe, è stato decentrato e sono nate le ILEA (International Law Enforcement Academy). Ci sono ILEA a Budapest, a Bangkok, a Gaborone, in Botswana; e a Roswell, in New Mexico. E ovviamente ci sono ILEA sparse in tutta l’America Latina. Qui, protetti dall’immunità alle accuse di crimini contro l’umanità, ogni anno 1.500 ufficiali apprendono presunti metodi “anti-terrorismo”, tra cui la tortura e le tecniche di esecuzione.
• L’indipendenza del Kosovo dalla Serbia non porterà né indipendenza né qualsivoglia forma di autogoverno. L’Unione Europea ha inviato nella regione 1.800 figure specializzate per contribuire alla nascita delle istituzioni del nuovo Kosovo. Al contempo la KFOR, la forza NATO di stanza nella regione, dispone di 16.000 soldati con completa sovranità. L’unica grande costruzione finora realizzata è stata Camp Bondsteel, la più grande base militare americana d’Europa.
|Kosovo – Breaking the Isolation||On 29 June 2010, the Open Society Institute (OSI) and the European Stability Initiative (ESI) jointly presented a film as well as a panel debate in Brussels which was entitled ‘Kosovo – Breaking the Isolation’. The event was chaired by Heather Grabbe (Director of OSI-Brussels). Other members of the panel included Bajram Rexhepi (Kosovo Interior… » read more|
|"Delije" u akciji: Kosovo, UEFA i Sirija||Navijači Crvene zvezde iskoristili su prvi meč svog tima u novoj sezoni da pošalju javnosti nekoliko svojih poruka. Dok su igrači Zvezdfe jalovo napadali, "delije" su pevale o Kosovu, UEFA i podržale navijača protivničkog kluba.|
|The Revolution in Transatlantic Affairs|
The year 2001 could have been an eye-opener but the West, too traumatized by the Islamist attack on America, failed to notice an equally important, if less spectacular, development: the creation by China of a coalition, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, including Russia and Central Asia as members, Iran as a silent partner, and India and Pakistan as observers. It took another five years for Western foreign policy experts to realize that this emerging SCO was, for all practical purposes, an OPEC with nukes, which had the potential to develop, over time, into a full-fledged "NATO of the East."
At the NATO summit in Riga in November 2006, a little-noticed transatlantic revolution of sorts finally occurred when the Atlantic Alliance acknowledged that it would have to "go global" in order to remain relevant. Divided, America and Europe will fall; united, they can retain the lead. But all manners of "going global" are not equal, and the coming globalization of NATO is as much full of promises as it is fraught with perils.
Some will argue that, with 50,000 troops present in three continents today, NATO is in essence already global. Others will counter that the story of this halfhearted, haphazard globalization reads at times like a tale told by an idiot, full of rhetorical fog and bureaucratic friction, and signifying nothing more than "flight forward" or "muddling through." In fact, in the post-Cold War period, NATO's desire to have its cake (collective defense) and eat it too (collective security) has created a certain conceptual confusion.2
As a political organization, the Alliance rushed to invoke Article 5 within twenty-four hours of 9/11; as a military organization, NATO turned out to be as ill-prepared to do counterinsurgency in Afghanistan as the U.S. military in Iraq. It would be a mistake, however, to claim that NATO's credibility is at stake in Afghanistan. Afghanistan may have been the graveyard of empires in the past, but it won't be the graveyard of the Alliance -- for a simple reason already pointed out by one European observer:
When the territorial integrity of one of its members is threatened by an attack, NATO cannot afford to lose. It would sacrifice its credibility as an alliance. . . . But in stabilization operations the existence of NATO is not threatened. Here NATO can afford to fail without losing its credibility as an alliance. . . . There are, thus, fundamental differences between collective defense credibility and stabilization credibility. To lump them together or to blur the distinction between the two, shows a lack of understanding for the very nature of such interventions. The consequences of getting stuck in hopeless operations as well as holding NATO's authority and standing hostage to fortune is doubly dangerous. The UN, the institution with the widest experience in post-conflict stabilization to date, has never made these operations a test for its credibility. NATO needs to do likewise.3
If the Alliance survived a debacle of the magnitude of Suez in 1956, it can withstand anything. The main danger for NATO therefore is not military failure or even a Suez-like temporary political meltdown, but something more insidious. Over time, what an ill-conceived globalization of NATO could lead to is the transformation of the tactical coalition that the Shanghai Cooperation Organization currently is into a strategic "NATO of the East" while at the same time perverting the Atlantic Alliance into, so to speak, a "SEATO of the West" -- namely, a make-believe alliance with no viable strategy (because a conventional military configuration is irrelevant when the threats are of the asymmetric variety) and no coherent policy (because the interests of the global members are simply too heterogeneous to ever converge.)
The Long War promises to be a thinking man's war. As a full-fledged Alliance, NATO possesses the kind of staying power that mere ad hoc coalitions cannot deliver; but NATO still has to come to terms with the fact that thinking power will matter more than fighting power. If NATO is to avoid the twofold danger of the SCO becoming a NATO of the East while NATO becomes a mere SEATO of the West, the Alliance will have first of all to downgrade its "toolbox" dimension and beef up its "think-tank" dimension.
The revolution in strategic affairs
Ever since the 1999 intervention in Kosovo, NATO has been eager to prove that it stands for more than "No Action, Talk Only." But the adoption by the Alliance of the Marge Simpson doctrine ("Are we gonna just stand there like the French, or are we gonna do something?") has proved to be no substitute for a new strategic concept. Kosovo itself, waged in no small part to maintain the credibility of the Alliance, ended up paradoxically weakening NATO's credibility and the mutual bad blood afterwards constituted the single most important underlying reason of the 2003 near-death experience over Iraq.
By the time of the 2006 NATO Riga summit, two eminent Americans argued in no uncertain terms in favor of a re-invention of the Alliance: "It is time to stop pretending that everything is fine in Brussels and Mons. NATO will never generate the political impetus and leadership to reinvent itself unless we face that truth and openly debate what this Alliance can and should become. . . . NATO leaders have thus far demonstrated neither the vision nor the political will to reinvent the Alliance."4
Strong words, to be sure, but perhaps the wrong diagnostic: to the extent that there is indeed a danger of NATO drifting into irrelevance, it is due not so much to an absence of philosophical vision and/or political will as to a deficit of strategic literacy on the part of NATO leaders and cheerleaders.
On the American side, there is certainly no shortage of will and vision. Our two authors themselves were instrumental in forcing Europeans to look beyond Brussels sandbox politics and leading the drive for a successful enlargement of NATO. In the process of preaching a gospel of "broader and farther is always better," though, they elevated enlargement to the rank of a Kantian categorical imperative and by the same token lost sight of the Hobbesian iron law known in the jargon of political science as the security dilemma. Simply put: however defensive in intent, any actor's move to increase its security always runs the risk of being perceived as an offensive move by another actor.5
As Vladimir Putin reminded the West in a very Russian way in his Munich speech earlier this year, one state's idea of "projecting stability" is another's idea of "exporting subversion." Enlargement has been a bold move that played a critical (and often underappreciated) role in the successful transition to democracy of the former captive Europe, but for every action there is a reaction, and the gradual enlargement of NATO to the East has been the main cause of Russia's gradual rapprochement with China. A bold move today would be to acknowledge that, for a host of reasons, this process has reached diminishing returns, and that projecting stability should from now on be achieved at less cost through other means, be it security cooperation or global partnerships.
If Americans these days tend to have forgotten something as basic as the security dilemma, Europeans for their part have serious difficulties remembering something equally basic that they used to perform with undeniable virtuosity: coercive diplomacy. Be it with Iraq yesterday or Iran today, an astounding percentage of the allegedly sophisticated EU elites have the hardest time grasping what any American redneck knows intuitively: namely, that the collective threat to use force is still the best way to avoid having recourse to actual force. Fifty years of increasing focus on intra-EU politics has led EU elites to mistake "multi-level governance" (read: horse-trading by capitals in Brussels) for the whole of statecraft. But genuine diplomacy always rests on the implicit threat to use force, and the EU mantra about force as last resort should logically lead Europeans to view coercive diplomacy as their preferred weapon.6
Iraq, to be sure, was in many ways sui generis. Iran, by contrast, should be a no-brainer, since a nuclear Iran would lead to nuclear proliferation throughout the Middle East all the way to Algeria. Were coercive diplomacy to fail, then, as Senator McCain put it, there would still be one thing worse than military intervention in Iran -- a nuclear Iran.
This question of "strategic literacy" of NATO leaders cannot be overemphasized at a time when NATO allies are elaborating a new (i.e., post 9/11) strategic concept. The task promises to be a daunting one if only because, since the end of the Cold War, the very concept of "strategy" has become increasingly problematic in the West -- in no small part because the concept of the "West" itself is no longer self-evident.7
Forget the "Americans are from Mars, Europeans from Venus" mantra that gave the Brussels Eurocracy the vapors in the summer of 2002.8 Though the slogan captured well a moment of transatlantic relations, over time this mantra has obscured the issue. The truth is, for the past 15 years, and on both sides of the Atlantic, there have been two major attempts underway to get rid of the strategy problematique altogether.
In the civilian world, politicians and bureaucrats have robbed the concept of "strategy" of any meaning by systematically using it interchangeably with "policy." Academics and think-tankers, for their part, have chosen to blow out of proportion a Revolution in Security Affairs in which "the dividing lines between hard and soft, civil and military security are rapidly dissolving, requiring far more flexibility and causing much confusion as allies and partners have disagreed significantly about how to manage such complexity." This supposed Revolution has been used as a pretext to dissolve the concept of "strategy" in the catch-all notion of "security," the concept of "national security" itself in a nebulous "human security," and last but not least, the concept of grand strategy into that of global governance -- whatever that may mean.9
Within the military, the concept of "strategy" has not fared much better. The post-Cold War era has witnessed a surreal debate between the disciples of Clausewitz, who invariably confuse strategy with the operational level of war, and the supporters of the supposed Revolution in Military Affairs reducing war to "targeting and shooting," and whose network-centric paradigm leads to a tacticization of strategy.10
Between the shock-and-awe slogans of the military Mars, and the human security fairy tales of the civilian Venus, Strategy in the West has been MIA for too long. Since the real Revolution in Strategic Affairs happens to be a non-Western affair, NATO leaders will have to start by learning the new grammar and logic of the kind of unrestricted warfare elaborated by the Chinese and the fourth-generation warfare practiced by Islamists.11
As U.S. NATO Ambassador Victoria Nuland argued, "if the divisive debate over Iraq taught us one thing, it is that NATO must be the place where we talk about all the issues affecting our future -- the Middle East, Iraq, North Korea, China, Iran, just to name a few." The North Atlantic Council has recently broadened its range of consultations to include global issues ranging from energy security to transnational terrorism. But increased consultation, in and of itself, will not mechanically lead to better conceptualization. Enhancing the strategic literacy of NATO's stakeholders should be the logical prerequisite to a debate about the future NATO strategic concept.
The SCO as NATO peer competitor?
In the past hundred years, the instrumentalization of Islam has been a recurrent temptation on the part of every rising power, be it Wilhemine Germany or Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany or Soviet Russia, not to mention America itself. As the latest rising power, China itself would not be immune to that temptation even if it were energy self-sufficient. The fact that China's energy needs are huge guarantees that the constitution of a Sino-Islamic axis is for Beijing not just a tactical option, but a strategic necessity.12
While the pivotal states of this strategy appear to be Pakistan, Iran, and (more recently) Saudi Arabia, the geopolitical situation of Iran puts it in a class by itself, as the most precious proxy in China's "indirect approach" against American primacy. It is therefore no surprise to learn that China is using Iran as a conduit for the delivery of arms to both Iraqi and Afghan insurgents, and providing Iran itself the kind of small boats needed to conduct attacks against commercial shipping or the U.S. Navy in the Persian Gulf.13
If the instrumentalization of Islam constitutes the geographical axis of China's grand strategy, the functional axis is -- or ought to be -- of equal interest to NATO, since it consists in the artful combination of space power, sea power, and soft power.
Space power. While lending support to Russia's ludicrous posturing on NATO missile defense, China is experimenting with antisatellite weapons -- a disturbing trend given the reliance of modern military (especially navies) on space power.
Sea power. A hundred years after Theodore Roosevelt sent his Great While Fleet around the world to signal the emergence of a new great power, China is rediscovering the writings of Admiral Mahan on the importance of sea power in history and dreaming of a Great White Fleet of its own. Against the backdrop of an ever-shrinking U.S. Navy (more on that later), China is transforming itself as a maritime superpower at such high speed that Western analysts estimate it could become the world's leading naval power by 2020.
Last but not least, soft power. On the military side, China is focusing on developing security cooperation within the ASEAN Regional Forum framework with the intent of marginalizing America. On the civilian side, China is peddling "Asian values" from Africa to Eurasia and from Latin America to Southeast Asia. For the past six years, China has been promoting autocracy through soft power while America has been promoting democracy through hard power, and the verdict is in: China today has a more positive image worldwide than America.14
Russia's relation to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, and its expectations, are of an altogether different nature. On the surface, to be sure, China and Russia appear to be the two main pillars of the SCO. Economically and militarily, the two countries' relation is, for the time being at least, one of genuine complementarity. But while the SCO constitutes the core of China's Islamic strategy, it is for Russia a tactical option to both manage the rise of China in Eurasia and to gain leverage over the West.15
Unlike China, Russia is energy self-sufficient; and unlike China's Confucianism, Russia's Eurasianism actually comes in two opposite versions: one pro-West and anti-Islam; the other pro-Islam and anti-West. American Putin-bashers would do well to realize that the Putin regime clearly favors the former version --- which may not be the case for his successor. Putin's Russia is a mystery wrapped in an enigma only for those caught in a 15-year time warp. In a nutshell: While Yelstin's choice of an alleged Polish model of transition in 1992 resulted, by 1999, in 38 percent of the population living below the poverty line, Putin's reorientation toward a Chinese model has since created an annual growth rate of 6 percent for Russia -- and a 70 percent approval rating for Putin. Having taken considerable domestic risks by siding with America after 9/11, Putin, for the past 5 years, has received nothing in return -- other than a seemingly endless enlargement of NATO in his own backyard.
Now that Russia is rich with oil money and has paid its debts to the West, what Russia wants from the West is respect.16 Russia's nuisance capacity should not be underestimated, even though threats to withdraw from the CFE Treaty, or to turn the Gas Exporting Countries Forum (GECF) into a "natural gas OPEC," are intended primarily for domestic consumption and to signal that NATO has enlarged far enough.
Unlike China, Russia is not a rising power. Russian hearts and mind are still up for grabs, though, and there are three reasons why it would be grossly irresponsible to alienate Russia gratuitously. In the short term, Russia's support is critical to solve (militarily or not) the Iranian question; in the middle-term, Russia has considerable leverage over Europe, with much bigger sticks and carrots than America's, and the risk of a creeping Finlandization of Europe is real were America to indulge in brinkmanship; in the long term, the West would have nothing to gain were Russia, against its best interest, to upgrade its relations to the SCO from the tactical to the strategic level.
The current demonization of Russia in some American quarters is thus incomprehensible, unless one keeps in mind the particular conceit of democracies at war that Kennan, following Tocqueville, pointed out long ago: "There is nothing in nature more egocentrical than the embattled democracy. It soon becomes the victim of its own propaganda. It then tends to attach to its own cause an absolute value which distorts its own vision of everything else. . . . People who have got themselves into this frame of mind have little understanding for the issues of any contest other than the one in which they are involved."17
This tunnel vision, and the incapacity to distinguish between the essential and the peripheral, is all the more surprising when it comes from the neoconservative side. Among the new generation of neocons, many seem to have forgotten the lessons of the older generation, as captured in Jeanne Kirkpatrick's celebrated 1979 essay on "Dictatorships and Double Standards." Simply put: when all is said and done, there is a difference in kind between totalitarianism and authoritarianism. If Islamist totalitarianism is the main enemy, as the neocons rightly claim, then it follows logically that Russian authoritarianism, however unpalatable to democratic sensibilities, is something we can live with. In that respect, the arch-realist Kissinger is paradoxically closer to Kirkpatrick than some of today's neocons in arguing:
Russia may be tempted to pursue tactical rapprochement with China. But any meaningful strategic rapprochement with China would move Russia further away from the United States and into a position of dependence on Chinese support. This would run counter to the strategic realities Russia faces on its far-eastern border, given the decline in its population and negative demographic trends. We cannot be fixated by things that are in the power of Russia and China to do. The wise American policy is to establish close relations with both Russia and China. And we should conduct it on the basis that whenever possible there should always be at least equal if not greater incentives or prospect of risks to cooperate with the United States than with each other.18
Similarly, a wise NATO policy should always make sure that NATO-Russia security cooperation is always stronger than Russia-China security cooperation. By the same token, and given the always-possible energy Finlandization of Europe, a wise NATO policy should make sure that the NATO-Russia Council always remains one step ahead of the EU-Russia Permanent Council.19
The Great Game and the Long War
One thing is certain: the Great Game and the Long War will be the two global and generational challenges confronting the West in the next 30 years. While the two challenges at times overlap, they remain analytically distinct. Attempts to conflate the two challenges with a new geopolitical concept like "Greater Middle East" risk confusing the issues. The Great Game? While the West remains fixated on the continental dimension, the East shows more lucidity in giving as much importance to the maritime dimension (more on that later). The Long War? Due to mass migration, the sociopolitical umma no longer coincides with the geopolitical Dar al-Islam.20
So much for the Greater Middle East, then. When all is said and done, globalization has not so much led to the "spiritualization of borders" (as the flute-players would have it) as to the partial "virtualization of geopolitics." The Great Game and the Long War are global and generational, but the geopolitics of oil, of Islamic banking, of Islamic media, etc. only partly overlap, and the geopolitical mapping required is a multi-level mapping including both the real and the virtual worlds.
One of the unfortunate consequences of the globalization theology of the 1990s has been the withering away of geopolitical thinking in the West. This eclipse of geopolitics is not totally negative, to be sure, for as one pundit put it, "few modern ideologies are as whimsically all-encompassing, as romantically obscure, as intellectually sloppy, and as likely to start a third world war as the theory of 'geopolitics.'"21
Yet, globalization theology itself has proven even more intellectual sloppy than the theories of geopolitics. And while the West thought it could do away with geopolitics altogether, the foreign policies of Turkey, Russia, China, and other players were becoming increasingly shaped by distinctive geopolitical visions based less on theories than on memories (with often a tenuous link to historical reality). Thus in Turkey, memories of the Silk Road were the main driving forces in Ankara's turn away from pro-Western Kemalism and toward neo-Ottomanism. In China, a country that had traditionally viewed itself as a quintessential continental power, it is the rediscovery of the short-lived maritime adventures of Admiral Zheng He (the Chinese Columbus) and the awareness of missed opportunities, coupled with the revival of Admiral Mahan's navalist theories, that were being invoked to mobilize public opinion around the idea of turning China into a maritime superpower. Intellectually sloppy or not, these representations have real effects in the foreign policies of non-Western nations. The West can ignore them only at its own peril.
In the West itself, the current fixation of America on Central Asia and of Europe on the Middle East -- the closest thing to a "Western" geopolitical vision -- is based on two flawed premises. To put it crudely: Americans believe that Caspian Sea oil is the key to success in the Great Game; Europeans are convinced that the resolution of the Palestinian question holds the key to victory in the Long War.
Talk about intellectual sloppiness: Warnings about a Caspian mirage were already common among energy experts a decade ago, and time has only made them more relevant: "The current fixation with the Caspian Basin's alleged resource bonanza is exaggerating the region's commercial and strategic significance, distorting US foreign policy calculations and raising the risk of unnecessary contention with other actors, particularly Russia and Iran. . . . Russian analysts could be forgiven for construing US/NATO policies as encirclement from the West through open-ended NATO expansion. . . . The myth [of Central Asia and the Caucasus as a region of independent democracies buoyed by new-found oil wealth and part of an expanding "Euro-Atlantic community"] is diverting policy-makers from a far more profound geopolitical challenge to energy security in the twenty-first century: the rising dependence of Asian nations on Persian Gulf oil. . . . It might be wise to ponder how comfortable China will be in relying on the US Navy to defend the sea-lanes through which its Persian Gulf oil must pass."22
Ten years later, it is clear that just as NATO enlargement to the East has sent Russia into the arms of China, Western energetico-military forays in Central Asia have led China, in turn, to increase its activities in the backyards of Europe (Africa) and America (from Cuba to Panama and Venezuela). America's fixation on Central Asia has been based on probable reserves, which were then contrasted to proven reserves in Persian Gulf, though never with probable reserves offshore worldwide. Since Caspian Sea oil now seems to combine all the problems associated with landlocked transportation and offshore extraction, not to mention geopolitical entanglements, it may be time for a reappraisal.
If American fixation on Central Asia is questionable, European fixation on the Palestinian question as the panacea of the Greater Middle East is downright irrational. As Edward Luttwak pointed out recently: "Yes, it would be nice if Israelis and Palestinians could settle their differences, but it would do little or nothing to calm the other conflicts in the Middle East from Algeria to Iraq, or to stop Muslim-Hindu violence in Kashmir, Muslim-Christian violence in Indonesia and the Philippines, Muslim-Buddhist violence in Thailand, Muslim-animist violence in Sudan, Muslim-Igbo violence in Nigeria, Muslim-Moscovite violence in Chechnya, or the different varieties of inter-Muslim violence."
This European fixation is all the more irrational in that as far as the proverbial Arab Street is concerned, the resolution of the Palestinian question ranks only seventh in importance, way behind the usual bread-and-butter issues (employment, health, corruption, education, and even combating extremism and protecting civil rights). And who can blame Ali Six-Pack for his lack of interest? Unlike the Kurds, who have proven capable of self-government, Palestinian leaders have never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity, as the saying holds. The pathetic clash between Fatahland and Hamastan is today leading many Palestinians themselves to reconsider the long-abandoned possibility of forming a confederation with Jordan. It is time for Europeans to realize that, as Joseph Joffe demonstrated in a seminal article, "far from creating tensions, Israel actually contains more antagonisms than it causes" -- though of course you would never know it, since Israeli public diplomacy is nonexistent.23
Flawed premises aside, there is another, more pedestrian reason why the closing of the transatlantic mind is particularly pronounced within NATO. As the Alliance underwent a gradual transformation from collective defense to collective security, this functional broadening focused on the continental dimension led to a neglect of the maritime dimension and thus to transatlantic tunnel vision.
During the Cold War, the Atlantic Alliance had two geographic pillars: the Brussels-based Allied Command-Europe (ACE) for continental affairs, the Norfolk-based Allied Command-Atlantic (ACLANT) for maritime affairs. From 1991 to 2001, the maritime dimension, once identified with the Atlantic, became confined to the Mediterranean (Operation Sharp Guard). Yet, despite the shrinking of the maritime dimension at the operational level, ACLANT continued, at the intellectual level, to deliver outside-the-box, yet topical thinking on issues like "Multinational Naval Cooperation and Foreign Policy into the 21st Century."24
The real change occurred with the 2002 Prague Summit's decision to transform these two geographical pillars into functional pillars: Allied Command Operations (ACO) and Allied Command Transformation (ACT). The transformation of the geographical ACLANT into a functional ACT did more than marginalize the maritime dimension; it also brought the wrong transformation to the fore. NATO-ACT being twinned with the U.S. Joint Forces Command (JFCOM), the Alliance, in the name of interoperability, soon adopted all the shibboleths of the RMA: network-centric warfare, information dominance, the change from threat-based planning to capabilities-based planning which can only aggravate the idea of the Alliance as a "toolbox," and last but not least, the religion of jointness itself, whose unintended effect was to downplay the specificity and autonomy of navies when it comes to constabulary and diplomatic missions.
The whole RMA folklore was introduced to NATO right at the time when, in Iraq and Afghanistan, its limits were becoming too obvious to ignore. The Pentagon is today trying to find a better balance between Network-Centric Warfare (NCW) and Culture-Centric Warfare (CCW), and one would hope that ACT will quickly NATO-ize the lessons learned in theater.
In and of itself, though, this rebalancing will not bring the kind of maritime domain awareness that is so crucial for an understanding of both the Great Game and the Long War. Outside the Anglo-Saxon world, to be sure, Western policymakers and opinion leaders have rarely been literate when it comes to naval strategy. Though this is not the place for a comprehensive tour d'horizon of the military, political, diplomatic, and constabulary uses of seapower25, basic "maritime domain awareness" is necessary when discussing the future globalization of NATO.
On the military side, the importance of the maritime dimension begins with the fact that, for all the talk about airlift capabilities, 90 percent of military lift remains sealift. But what is more noteworthy about the post-Cold War period is the fact that the decline of "maritime domain awareness" within the Atlantic Alliance took place precisely at the time when globalization was significantly increasing the importance of the maritime dimension on the commercial side (85 percent of world trade volume and 60 percent of oil and gas travels by sea) and of maritime security, all too often confused with -- and reduced to -- maritime safety.
It is hard to imagine a "Global NATO" -- in whatever shape or form -- that would continue to ignore the global commons the way today's NATO does. It is time for NATO's maritime commitment to match its continental commitment. To put it only half in jest: Either NATO will go out to sea, or it will go out of business.
The new Rimland
NATO was created as the political-military expression of the containment doctrine. While the father of the doctrine was diplomat George Kennan, the godfather of containment was geopolitician Nicholas Spykman. During World War II Spykman had challenged the centrality of the concept of the "Heartland" developed a generation earlier by Halford Mackinder (against Mahan's sea power thesis), and focused instead on what he called the "Rimland," by which he meant essentially continental countries with a maritime facade.
As Spykman defined it, the Rimland "functions as a vast buffer zone of conflict between sea power and land power. Looking in both directions, it must function amphibiously and defend itself on land and sea." On this geopolitical foundation laid by Spykman, Kennan simply built a chronopolitical strategy of containment, which would pay off 50 years later (much later than initially anticipated by Kennan).
In 1904, Mackinder had made the grandiose pronouncement: "Who rules East Europe commands the Heartland; who rules the Heartland commands the World Island; who rules the World Island commands the World." The Cold War was to prove Mackinder wrong and Spykman right: For 50 years, the Soviet Heartland did rule Eastern Europe; if it fails to command the world, it's because it failed to rule what really matters, i.e., the Rimland.
Throughout the Cold War, then, it is the concept of Rimland which provided the geopolitical underpinnings for a grand strategy of containment and its security architecture, of which NATO constituted only one pillar (arguably the most important) along with SEATO and CENTO. Today, the Soviet Union is gone and, against all odds, NATO is still around. True, today's NATO is not your father's NATO, but equally true, today's Rimland is not your father's Rimland -- and it is not clear that today's NATO has fully grasped all the implications of the sea-change.
Today's Rimland is a 400-mile wide amphibious area. In contrast to 1904, the Heartland today is an empty shell, and not just because of Russia's demographic decline. In China, the population is deserting the Heartland and moving to the coast. Worldwide, today's Rimland is both leaner and meaner than a century ago; no longer the "buffer zone of conflict" described by Mackinder or Spykman, this overpopulated Rimland, with 4 billion people living within 200-mile wide coastlands, is the "epicenter of all conflicts."
Should NATO care? As a military alliance, NATO cannot afford to ignore the increasing covergence of littoral warfare, amphibious warfare and urban warfare -- an issue to which the U.S. Navy, Coast Guard, and Marine Corps are devoting increasing attention. As a security organization, NATO's reasons for caring should be based on a recent report produced by the Center for Naval Analyses entitled "National Security and the Threat of Climate Change," describing a number of not exactly rosy scenarios regarding the political-military consequences of rising sea levels in the next 30 years. The hard security consequences of soft-power issues: This is the kind of outside-the-box thinking that NATO should itself promote.26
Equally interesting is the other phenomenon happening on the new Rimland: the so-called territorialization of the seas. The belated implementation, in the 1990s, of the 1982 Law of the Sea (UNLOS) and in particular of the 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ), has had over time unintended effects. Due to the existence of more than one hundred EEZs, 32 percent of the ocean is today under some sort of national jurisdiction. We are talking an area of 28 million square miles, i.e. four times the size of Russia (America's EEZ itself is two-thirds the size of the continental United States and accounts for 30 percent of the U.S. oil production).
The process of territorialization of the seas has been twofold: the "enlarging" of territorial waters from 12 miles to 200 miles, but also the "deepening" of territorialization. Twenty years ago, offshore wells were being drilled in just a few hundred feet of water; with ever-improving technology, prospecting then moved to deep water (i.e. beyond 1,300 feet) and more recently still to "ultra-deep" drilling under as much as 10,000 feet, with dramatic consequences for some countries like Brazil, who went from quasi-total dependence on foreign oil to quasi-total independence.
For all the post-Cold War talk about the decline of the state, there is at least one domain where the state is in expansion, and it is the sea. And for all the talk about a Great Game in Central Asia, it is worth keeping in mind that more than 30 percent of the world's oil and 50 percent of the world's natural gas is produced offshore. The percentage is greater still when moving from proven reserves (i.e., 90 percent certainty) to probable reserves (50 percent certainty). Add to that the fact that 60 percent of the world's oil and gas is transported by sea, and in the end, it is hard to deny that command of the high seas will matter just as much as control of the Heartland.
A little-noticed global chasm is occurring today in terms of geopolitics: As the center of gravity of world history is shifting from the Atlantic to the Pacific, the Western mind, traditionally maritime, is rapidly closing itself to anything other than continental matters, while the Asian mind, traditionally continental, is becoming increasingly maritime in outlook.
In the East, a region lacking a security regime analogous to NATO, the lack of clarity of the law of the sea regarding such issues as military and intelligence-gathering activities in the EEZs of other countries, and the competing claims for territorial waters and seabeds, has become a game increasingly fraught with dangers. The best known example is the Spratly Islands, one hundred or so islands scattered over an area the size of France, said to hold more oil than Kuwait, and situated right in the middle of one of the busiest sea lanes, used by 300 ships a day. The Islands are claimed in part or totality by no fewer than 17 countries, and five of them (including China) actually have small military forces on these otherwise uninhabited islands.
Unlike the legendary Great Game between England and Russia throughout the nineteenth century, the current Great Game at sea involved more than two players: America and China, the two greatest oil consumers, but also Japan and India, Malaysia and Indonesia, and other countries. This multiplicity of actors gives the seaborne Great Game a greater unpredictability. And unlike the slow moving Great Game in Central Asia in the nineteenth century, which resembles a leisurely game of chess, today's Great Game in the Asian Sea at times is more like Russian roulette, in that "incidents at sea" -- like the October 2006 close encounter of a Chinese sub with the USS Kitty Hawk -- have the potential to trigger unintended and unpleasant developments quickly.
The Great Game at sea is too complex to be examined in detail here. Suffice it to say that if in terms of transportation, the true identity of the players takes forever to sort out (the nationalities of the owner, the crew, the flag, the cargo), there is a clear trend in the nationalization of oil companies when it comes to production: "The percentage of the world's oil reserves held by publicly traded international oil companies (IOCs) has declined, while the percentage held by state-owned national oil companies (NOCs) has increased. Currently, 72 percent of the world's proven oil reserves are held by NOC's [the majority of which are Russian and Chinese]."27
Should NATO care? When you put together the territorialization of the seas and the nationalization of oil companies, the Great Game at sea becomes worth examining (e.g., the 2006 decision of the Cuban regime to hire Chinese NOCs for offshore drilling -- 45 miles off the coast of Florida). China's interest in Cuba, Panama, and Venezuela shows that the "string of pearls" strategy of China goes beyond the Persian Gulf to the South China Sea and the Gulf of Guinea, extending into the Western Hemisphere all the way to America's Caribbean backyard. Since Chinese NOCs are present in 50 countries and play with different rules than regular international oil companies, one would think that the geopolitics of the NOCs could be a suitable topic of discussion in the NAC.
For now, the Great Game at sea affects the Pacific more than the Atlantic, and as such has not directly affected NATO. But it certainly affects NATO's new global partners (Australia and Japan, Korea and New Zealand), who all happen to be maritime powers in the Pacific, and this is something that NATO will have to factor in when deciding the nature of its relationship with non-Atlantic powers. Global partnerships will have to be a two-way street, or there will be no global partnership.
In that respect, it is worth remembering that, in its day, SEATO included non-Asian countries like the UK and France, whose threat perceptions over time evolved differently from those of Australia and New Zealand (not to mention Thailand or the Philippines), and eventually SEATO went the way of the dodo.28 Therefore, when talking about NATO's global partners, one cannot avoid raising SEATO-related issues: Do allies and would-be partner nations have the same threat perceptions? What kind of "added value" will the concept of global partnership offer not only to the former, but also to the latter? In what ways can global partners become a force multiplier for the Atlantic Alliance, and in what way can it lead instead to an "entangling alliance"?
New perils, then, but also new promises. The maritime dimension is an opportunity for European allies to go beyond the "EU sandbox" and play a global role at relatively little cost, if only because public opinion will always find a maritime commitment more palatable than a continental one. For many allies like Norway and Greece, a greater maritime commitment on the part of NATO would also be a way to display niche capabilities (it's not as if the U.S. Navy had a surplus of mine-sweepers) that they don't necessarily possess in land operations. Last but not least, for a country like France, a middle-sized power as a land power but a maritime superpower of sorts (the third largest EEZ in the world thanks to its South Pacific possessions), a greater maritime commitment would be a way to maintain a leadership position. When it comes to NATO, to be sure, France, since 1958, has never missed an opportunity to miss an opportunity. With Chirac and Villepin gone, however, it may well be that France will no longer confuse History with histrionics, and volonte de puissance with capacite de nuisance.
The Great Game at sea is only beginning. However fanciful they may be given the current international legal regime, Putin's claim in June 2007 to a chunk of the North Pole holding twice the oil reserves of Saudi Arabia gives an idea of the challenges ahead as global warming increases the areas available for offshore drilling.
The Long War at sea
The maritime dimension is as important for the Long War as it is for the Great Game. Before the attack on the Twin Towers, the attack on the USS Cole gave the West an idea of what asymmetric warfare can accomplish (17 sailors killed and $250 million worth of repairs for a terrorist operation that cost $40,000 to launch). That asymmetric warfare at sea shows great promise has not been lost on the jihadists who, when all is said and done, are less interested in restoring a caliphate (a goal they know is beyond their reach) than in making the West bleed to death economically.
Nine million containers enter U.S. ports each year, and 80 percent of U.S. port facilities these days are owned by foreign companies. It is estimated that the detonation of a 10-to-20 kiloton nuclear weapon in a container would cause a disruption of trade valued at $100 billion to $300 billion, property damage of $50 billion to $500 billion, and the loss of 50,000 to 1 million lives. A mere dirty bomb smuggled in a container would kill very few people, but the disruption would cost $58 billion and it would take 19 days for ports to resume normal operations and 92 days to stabilize the container backlog -- by which time the disruption could well spawn a recession.
The trauma caused by two planes crashing into the Twin Towers has made us forget that al Qaeda and its associates have a maritime strategy more sophisticated than blowing up the USS Cole. Before his arrest, the man responsible for the Cole attack himself had undertaken preparation to attack shipping in the Mediterranean with a four pronged-strategy: "ramming, blowing up medium-size ships near other vessels or at ports, attacking large vessels such as supertankers from the air by using explosive laden small aircraft, and attacking vessels with underwater demolition teams using limpet mines or with suicide bombers. During his interrogation, Nashiri revealed that if warships became too difficult to approach, tourist ships could be targeted. The cruise ship industry, which in the U.S. alone carries nearly seven million passengers every year, is facing this new threat."29
Eighty percent of world trade travels by sea, and 60 percent of the world's oil is shipped by about 4,000 tankers: "Were terrorist pirates to hijack a large bulk carrier or oil tanker, sail it into one of the chokepoints, and scuttle it to block the sea-lane, the consequences for the world economy would be severe: a spike in oil prices, an increase in the cost of shipping due to the need to use alternate routes, congestion in sea-lanes and ports, more expensive maritime insurance, and probable environmental disaster. Worse yet would be several such attacks happening simultaneously in multiple locations worldwide."30
A rogue nuclear missile on Paris or Berlin is decidedly more unlikely in the next five years than the hijacking and sinking of a couple of supertankers in the Strait of Gibraltar or the Bosphorus. The latter, in particular, is less than a mile wide in some areas, and 10 percent of the 50,000 ships that pass through it each year are tankers carrying Russian and Caspian oil.
In the Turkish strait in 1996, the nine pro-Chechen gunmen who hijacked a Turkish ferry and held 255 passengers hostage for three days had first considered the possibility of sabotaging one of the two suspension bridges with explosives to bring down the bridge and close shipping traffic. The worst case scenario, now that the Russian Duma has passed a bill to transport 20,000 tons of nuclear waste through the straits in the next ten years, is the possibility of one of these tankers being hijacked in the vicinity of Istanbul, a city of 12 million inhabitants. It is expected that traffic on the Bosphorus will be 50 percent higher in 2010 than it was in 2005, and so will the opportunities to create catastrophic mischief.
NATO military planners and civilian policymakers continue to think in terms of nation-states and regional "areas of operation," whereas, as the navy community knows full well, maritime threats are more often than not nonstate and transregional in nature. But terrorist networks are genuinely transnational: the Sri Lankan LTTE not only owned and operated a fleet of ten ocean-going freighters flying Panamian, Honduran, and Liberian flags, it also hijacked commercial vessels carrying weapons to reroute them to the Tamil Tigers. In 1994, the LTTE shipped 50 metric tons of TNT on board one of its own freighters operated by a front company from a Ukrainian Black Sea port via the Turkish Straits to Sri Lanka.
NATO is today paying less attention to potential maritime threats affecting its own civilian populations than to making the non-Western world safe for democracy (or sharia, since the jury is still out). If NATO wants to survive another 30 years, it will have to focus a little more on the concerns of its own population.
Global NATO, thousand ship navy
In the 1990s, some foreign policy analysts called on the United States to adopt a policy known as "offshore balancing." Succinctly put, "offshore balancing is predicated on the assumption that attempting to maintain U.S. hegemony is self-defeating because it will provoke other states to combine in opposition to the United States, and result in a futile depletion of the United States' relative power, thereby leaving it worse off than if it accommodated multipolarity."31 Whether such an offshore balancing is still possible or desirable for the U.S. in a post-9/11 environment is highly debatable. But a maritime globalization of NATO could become, for the Alliance itself, the continuation of "offshore balancing" by other means. Its main merit would be to constitute a hedging strategy of sorts against the SCO.
China is emerging as a maritime superpower as quickly as America itself (not to mention the UK) is declining as a naval power, to the point where China could become the leading naval power by 2020. The Russian Navy, which until now was a pale shadow of Gorshkov's navy (since 1991, the number of submarines has declined from 317 to 61 and of surface ships from 967 to 186) has announced plans to build a class of four new aircraft carriers in 2013-14, with initial service to begin in 201732. One would do well to remember that it took hardly more than a decade during the Cold War for Russia, the quintessential land power, to develop a formidable navy. In 20 years, we could realistically see a China/Russia-led SCO that is hegemonic not only on land but at sea. As counterintuitive as it may be at first, NATO would be wise to consider the possibility of making maritime cooperation the centerpiece of NATO-Russia security cooperation.
Maritime operations are of course not foreign to NATO. In the 1990s, Operation Sharp Guard constituted a dress rehearsal of sorts for Operation Active Endeavor after 9/11. In 2003, OAE was expanded functionally and geographically to cover the whole Mediterranean and ended up including some Mediterranean Dialogue countries as well as Russia and Ukraine. Many NATO allies participate in the Container Security Initiative (CSI) and the Proliferation Security Initiative (PSI), and it is no coincidence that the former head of Joint Forces-Naples, Admiral Mullen (the current chief of naval operations and JCS chairman-designate), is the one who developed the concept of the "Thousand Ship Navy" (TSN), which is today the talk of the U.S. Navy.
Though globalization has increased the importance of maritime affairs, there has been both a relative and an absolute decline of U.S. seapower, with a U.S. Navy today at its lowest level in the post-World War II era. For the first time in 20 years, the U.S. is in the process of drafting a new maritime strategy, but with a considerably reduced force that went from 600 to fewer than 300 ships, and with new responsibilities in terms of nonmilitary maritime security. Hence the concept of the Thousand Ship Navy, which is meant to create a global maritime partnership with foreign navies.33
TSN is much more than an attempt to make a virtue of necessity. The Thousand Ship Navy -- the "Great White Fleet" of the twenty-first century -- represents a revolution in military affairs in that the concept raises the "network-centric" paradigm established by Admiral Cebrowsky from the domain of strategy (Network-Centric Warfare) to that of security (Global Maritime Partnership). In the process, it brings back a much-needed balance between techno-centric and culture-centric skills as components of success. Just as important, the TSN concept also represents a revolution in diplomatic affairs, in that a global maritime partnership would go beyond the traditional military-to-military contacts and, as Admiral Mullen points out, would unite "maritime forces, port operators, commercial shippers, and international, governmental and nongovernmental agencies to address mutual concerns."
As the Proliferation Security Initiative in Asia shows, though, this twenty-first- century naval diplomacy presents formidable challenges in terms of redefinitions of "sovereignty." Though the TSN concept is still a work in progress, it is worth noting that naval representatives from 72 countries have already taken part in the first symposium on the subject. NATO would do well to examine if the indirect approach of "going global" through a Thousand Ship Navy path is not also the best way to avoid making self-defeating waves in Asia.
Strategic considerations aside, there is an additional reason for Global NATO to get associated with the Thousand Ship Navy. Hard as it is to remember today, there was a time when NATO captured the imagination of Western audiences: Until the mid-sixties, in fact, the prospect of an Atlantic Union was seen in Europe as the wave of the future, while the idea of a European Union was associated mainly with coal, steel, and the standardization of electric plugs.34 Today, hard as they try, the 700 million people of the West can't really bring themselves to get exited when the "deliverables" of NATO Summits amount to -- the purchase of three C-17s? If that is NATO's level of ambition these days, no wonder that even the EU is beginning to look good. NATO will require nothing less than a Thousand Ship Navy if it is to recapture the imagination of public opinion.
NATO and the rise of UN-istan
Two organizations emerged in short succession from the 1941 Atlantic Charter: the United Nations in 1945 and, when the UN proved ineffective in a Cold War context, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1949. For the next 50 years, NATO's role in waging and winning the Cold War was as central as that of the UN was marginal.
In the early days of the post Cold War, there were, on both sides of the Atlantic, great hopes that the UN could finally play the role it was initially designed for. A former ambassador to the UN, the elder Bush in particular hoped to make the UN the cornerstone of a New World Order. In Europe as well, as the EU was toying with the idea of transforming itself from an Europe-espace to an Europe-puissance, many thought that an EU military force could constitute the military arm of the UN, and that the EU, in turn, could use the UN as a force multiplier to provide a "counterweight" to the US.
The fixation of EU elites on this idea led them to overlook the various scandals that marred the UN throughout the 1990s (from the Rwanda genocide to the Iraq oil-for-food program). More important, there is great reluctance on the part of EU public opinion at large to acknowledge the fact that, in the process of enlarging 54 members in 1945 to 184 in 1993, the UN's initial goals have been perverted.
Once the embodiment of Western ideals, the UN has turned into a lean, mean anti-West machine. Though European publics no longer have any illusion today about a Europe-puissance, they still retain a surprisingly boy-scoutish view of the UN, one that no longer corresponds to reality. European public opinion saw nothing wrong, for instance, in the recent establishment of an International Criminal Court that would give its prosecutor the power of a grand inquisitor, in part because they are not aware of the politicization of the UN (and of the potential use of the ICC as an anti-Western weapon), but also in part because, over the years, they have resigned themselves to the creeping judicial and technocratic imperialism pursued at home by the EU Court of Justice and the EU Commission.
If, against all odds, the European public has a more positive image of the UN than of NATO, it is for a simple reason: When it comes to strategic communication, today's NATO is your grandfather's NATO. Meanwhile, over the years, the UN has turned itself into a slick, global propaganda machine.
In that respect, the UN's main achievement since 1949 has been the transformation of a once-peripheral issue into a global Passion Play. Though the number of refugees throughout the world were millions after 1945 (and 15 million more with the partition of India and Pakistan in 1947), the UN decided to focus quasi-exclusively on the 700,000 refugees of the 1948 Israeli-Arab war. For these Palestinian Arabs, the UN created not only a specific agency (UNRWA) but a unique, and Orwellian, definition of "refugees" carefully designed to maintain the issue forever alive.35
Twenty years later came a new development. The demagogic UNESCO projects about a New World Information and Communication Order did not disappear when the US and the UK left the organization in protest and UNESCO, as a result, lost one fourth of its budget. The NWICO project was simply quietly transferred from Paris to New York, from UNESCO headquarters to UN headquarters. Over the years, the UN-New York developed its radio and TV station and its global network of 60 centers. It has provided "training" to Third World journalists (with a particular predilection for Palestinians) and built both a formal and informal media empire on which the sun never sets. By 1998, the UN spent a greater share of its budget on self-promotion and propaganda through its Department of Public Information (5.37 percent) than on Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs (4.96 percent) or International Justice and Law (2.10 percent).
At the same time that it was becoming a major player in the propaganda game, the UN inside was gradually turning into a "lawfare" machine against the West. As Joshua Muravchik explains: "In the General Assembly, the Arabs have a unique leverage with which they can make the UN say whatever they want (except in the Security Council where the US veto has prevented that). The 22-nation Arab League constitutes a decisive bloc within the 56-nation Organization of the Islamic Conference [OIC], which is decisive in turn in the 115-nation Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), which constitute nearly two-thirds of the UN and is the organization's main bloc."
The OIC, it will be remembered, was created by Saudi Arabia in 1969 as a weapon against the Egypt-led Arab League in the ongoing Arab Cold Wars. In recent years, under the leadership of the OIC, the UN has turned into UN-istan:
The OIC is silent on putting the blame for the slaughter of innocent Muslim pilgrims precisely where it belongs -- on other Muslims. Instead, the OIC squanders most of its energy condemning the West for defaming Islam whenever terrorism is in any way linked with adherents of their religion. . . . While as a group they pay less than 3 percent of the regular annual budget of the United Nations, they have managed to exercise an outsized amount of influence in the General Assembly and its subsidiary bodies over how the UN deals with such issues as Palestine, terrorism and human rights and terrorism. Next on their agenda is a permanent Islam seat on the Security Council. Iran has already been designated as the OIC's preferred candidate for election to the Security Council in 2008. . . . In short, the Organization of the Islamic Conference bloc has been able to manipulate the UN's machinery to turn the liberal vocabulary of racism, oppression, genocide, tolerance and multiculturalism against the critics of reactionary Islam.
How delusional is the OIC today? So delusional that, at its May 2007 summit, the 56 foreign ministers agreed that the "greatest form of terrorism" in the world today is -- Islamophobia! The same OIC is the main force behind the election of Iran as vice-chairman of the Disarmament Commission, the presence of representatives of the worst dictatorship on the planet in the UN Human Rights Committee, not to mention the attempt, following the Danish cartoon affair, to make the UN recognize "blasphemy" as a crime.
In this ongoing weaponization of the UN against the West, China has not remained passive: beyond the OIC and NAM proper, the largest group in the UN happens to be the "G-77 + China," i.e., 132 countries representing 69 percent of UN members. China's UN dues may be 2 percent of the UN budget, but Chinese activism in the past decade has spectacularly increased in recent years.36 It is reportedly under Chinese pressure that the US was evicted from the Human Rights Commission in 2001 to make room for Arab dictatorships.
While the UN was sinking in global parochialism, NATO has gone global geographically (50,000 troops deployed now on three continents) and functionally (broadening of political consultations in the NAC). It is also beginning to go global in its cooperation with non-Atlantic partners like Japan to Australia.
In some American and European quarters, this globalization of NATO has led some observers to assert rather boldly that "NATO's next move must be to open its membership to any democratic state in the world that is willing and able to contribute to the fulfillment of NATO's new responsibilities."37 But to add four or five global partners is one thing, to add the 88 countries recognized as democracies by Freedom House is quite another. The necessary, if not sufficient, condition for turning NATO into a UN of democracies would be to change the flawed images of the UN and NATO that European publics currently have. That said, this long-term scenario of NATO as a UN of democracies cannot be ruled out given the ongoing deconstruction of the Tower of Babble by China and the OIC.
With the possible emergence of a NATO Security Providers Forum consisting of the leading contributors, three key questions are likely to keep the Allies busy in the coming years. What would happen with the four NATO Partners who are also SCO members in the event the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council was to be disbanded in favor of a Security Providers Forum. What will be the nature of the articulation between the North Atlantic Council, the Security Providers Forum, and the NATO-Russia Council? Has the time come for NATO to adopt an EU-style, "variable geometry" decision-making process? At the same time, the debate on the future Global NATO should not be limited to these organizational matters.
The Western-inspired international legal order is today under assault at the UN; at the same time, an obsolete Law of Armed Conflict is preventing the West from defending itself on the ground. As a military organization, NATO should today articulate a "Counter-Lawfare" doctrine for the sake of intellectual interoperability. As a security organization, NATO should not wait until it has become a full-fledged UN of Democracies to start elaborating a New Law of Armed Conflict adapted to the realities of post-modern warfare.38 Last but not least, the Alliance should take strategic communication more seriously and make better use of the NATO Parliamentary Assembly (information) and the NATO Defense College (education).
If the Atlantic alliance is to genuinely "go global," it will have to achieve a better balance between "toolbox" and "think tank" and to focus more than has been the case so far on increased strategic literacy, broader situational awareness, and state-of-the art strategic communication.
History on the move again
Two hundred years ago, Napoleon Bonaparte, who knew a thing or two about epochal change, remarked: "When China awakens, the world will tremble." China is awakening, all right, and promoting worldwide authoritarianism all the more successfully that the spectacle of Western democracies lately has not been exactly edifying. If the Chinese promotion of "Asian values" has a global, rather than regional, historical significance, it is because Confucius today speaks with a very strong German accent: that of Carl Schmitt. While Western pundits were enrolling Kojève for their musing on the "end of history," the Chinese were translating nine books by Schmitt to philosophically buttress their return in history. The future of liberal authoritarianism has never looked brighter.39
The return of China alone would be enough to make the West "live in interesting times." To make things even more interesting, Islam too is back, this time in the form of a totalitarianism which manages to combine an ideological comprehensiveness (Salafism) unseen since Communism and an existential nihilism (jihadism) worthy of Nazism. A generation ago, the post-Vatican II Catholic world finally espoused the 20th century, and the Church went on to play a critical role in the collapse of communism; meanwhile, under the increasing influence of Wahhabism, the Muslim world was going in the opposite direction, and this great leap backward brought them back to the 14th century.40 If the Saudi caliphate does not soon undertake its own Vatican II, chances are the Muslim world will never make it back to the 21st century.
It is time for the Transatlantic chattering class to realize that there is a time for problematizing, and a time for strategizing -- and that its first order of business should be to stop mistaking a simple transatlantic time lag for a metaphysical problem. In the wake of 9/11, there was an extreme disconnect between an America that had just experienced its first continental aggression since the "second war of independence" (the war of 1812) and a Europe convinced that the then-imminent opening of the Brussels constitutional convention was, if not the beginning of universal peace, at least the world's most important event since the Philadelphia Convention of 1787.
Hence the temptation in certain quarters to reify this temporary disconnect into a Mars/Venus gap. But the most cursory examination of twentieth-century history shows that transatlantic time lags have always been the rule rather than the exception. The First World War began in 1914, the U.S. only joined in 1917. The Second World War began in 1939, the U.S. only joined in 1942. The Cold War began in 1947, and it took Europe a full two years to give up the temptation of neutrality and side with the U.S. Since the Long War is of an asymmetric kind, it is no surprise if it took longer than usual for America and Europe to synchronize their chronopolitica
|Why Nikki Haley Is Gloating Over Cuts to Peacekeeping Funding|
Nikki Haley looks awfully pleased with herself here:
The ambassador is referring to a deal reached Wednesday, after weeks of negotiation between the U.N. and the Trump administration, to cut the U.N. Peacekeeping budget from $7.87 billion to $7.3 billion for the coming year. U.N. Blue Helmets are currently deployed in 16 operations around the world, though the missions in Haiti and the Ivory Coast are expected to wrap up soon. Under U.S. pressure, the U.N. voted to scale down the peacekeeping mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo in March and is expected to do the same for the program in Sudan’s Darfur region later his week.
The U.S. provides more than 28 percent of the funding for the program, and the Trump administration had originally sought a $1 billion overall cut to the program and to cap U.S. contributions at 25 percent.
These may sound like big numbers, but the amount of savings being passed on the U.S. taxpayer here—it will shake out to about $125 million per year assuming the U.S. continues to pick up a quarter of the budget—are minuscule compared with our defense programs. A single B-2 stealth bomber, most of which are currently not operational, cost $2 billion when the Pentagon requisitioned the warplanes in the 1980s.
And as economist Charles Kenny wrote in January when these cuts were first discussed, peacekeeping is pretty cost-effective, as seen in places from Kosovo to Sierra Leone, to Guatemala. One study found that a deployment of peacekeepers to a country reduces the likelihood of a civil war reigniting there by almost 70 percent. Fewer civil wars around the world means fewer refugees and less ungoverned territory for groups like al-Qaida and ISIS to operate in. Compared with the ongoing U.S. military engagements in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Syria, the peacekeeping program is a bargain.
To be sure, the U.N.’s program is harder to defend after recent appalling incidents. Nepalese peacekeepers introduced a cholera epidemic to Haiti that has killed more than 10,000 people and continues to sicken Haitians today. There have been hundreds of allegations of sexual abuse by peacekeepers in a number of countries, most notably in Haiti and the Central African Republic. The U.N., under former Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, was shamefully slow to acknowledge responsibility for these problems, and the U.N. still hasn’t done enough to compensate the victims or punish the wrongdoers. More fundamentally, foreign peacekeepers, usually living in fortified compounds and traveling in 4x4s, are often disliked and distrusted in the countries where they are deployed. Haitians disdainfully refer to the local U.N. mission, known by the French acronym MINUSTAH, as “TURISTAH.”
Haley has raised these issues as part of her overall critique of the peacekeeping program. Given Trump’s general view of the U.N. as a waste of money, it seems likely that the administration would be pushing for these cuts even if every operation were conducted flawlessly and peacekeepers were a paragon of virtue and professionalism. But the U.N. itself deserves some blame for the fact that such a vital program has become such an easy target.
|Kommentar zu Die 90 Tage sind schon vorbei, Herr Präsident von Corinna Friedrich||Nein, Sie sind nicht kritik- und widerspruchslos. Sie haben ja (jetzt) auch Zeit, sich mit Politik und vielem anderen zu beschäftigen. Sorgen machen mir eher die Menschen, die den ganzen Tag voll eingespannt sind, Job und Familie zu bewältigen, abends vielleicht nur noch etwas ÖR konsumieren und ansonsten denken: das läuft schon alles irgendwie ohne mich. War bei mir nicht anders, als ich noch voll im Berufsleben stand.
Deutschland IST ein tolles Land, und wenn es nach mir geht, soll es das auch bleiben. Dafür müssen aber HEUTE die richtigen Weichenstellungen gesetzt werden.
Macron hatte ich ausgespart, damit es nicht noch länger wird <span class="wp-font-emots-emo-wink"></span> Paßt genau in die Aufzählung hinein - nur mit umgekehrten Vorzeichen. Alles so, wie Sie es beschreiben. Hinzu kommt, dass uns diese "Freundschaft" sehr teuer zu stehen kommen wird. Nach dem Brexit steht Deutschland fast allein in der EU gegen die Süd-Allianz, was die Vergemeinschaftung der Schulden angeht. Wir werden Schäuble nach den Wahlen erleben.
Ja, meine "Verschwörungstheorie" besagt, dass den Menschen weltweit in unverantwortlicher Art und Weise Angst gemacht bzw. Schuld eingeredet wird, sie seien es, die das Klima verändern.
Ohne jeglichen wissenschaftlich haltbaren Beweis. Das Klima ändert sich, hat es immer getan. Wer behauptet zu wissen, warum oder wo der Weg hingeht, überschätzt sich entweder oder sagt interessengesteuert die Unwahrheit. Alle Messungen und Rechenmodelle sind letztlich nur Vermutungen und Spekulationen.
Warum ausgerechnet die Physikerin Merkel es tut, habe ich noch nicht herausfinden können.
Aber sie hat auch gesagt, die KKW seien sicher, um dann umzuschwenken. Vielleicht sollte ich sie nicht überschätzen.
Washington Post, NYT = Vorwärts?
Nee, gemeint war nicht die Parteizeitung, sondern das Medien-Imperium der SPD:
Was ich bei den Türken so beachtlich finde (nicht nur bei denen, auch einige Rumänen/Bulgaren, Kosovo-Albaner, Libanesen, Araber, Afrikaner etc. pp. - Stichwort tribalistische Lebensform):
Die Geschwindigkeit, mit der sie ihre Familie, Freunde, Clan oder was auch immer zusammenrufen können. Die haben alle Zeit. Man stelle sich vor: Sie kommen in eine Verkehrskontrolle und rufen mal eben per Handy ihre Leute zusammen. Da kommen - wenn überhaupt - nur Rentner. Die anderen husten Ihnen was, wenn Sie sie wegen solch einer Nichtigkeit im Job stören. Irgend jemand muß schließlich den Sozialstaat finanzieren <span class="wp-font-emots-emo-happy"></span>|
|Slováci odštartujú prípravu na predkvalifikáciu, tréner nominoval trinásť hráčov||Pred kvalifikačnými duelmi čakajú Slovákov dvojzápasy s Macedónskom, Kosovom a Maďarskom.|
|Nobel per la pace a Martii Ahtisaari||Il diplomatico finlandese decisivo in Kosovo e Namibia|
|International expert for evaluating the implementation and impact of the Self-Employment Programme in Kosovo 2015-2016||UNDP: International expert for evaluating the implementation and impact of the Self-Employment Programme in Kosovo 2015-2016 in Prishtinë/Pri?tina, Kosovo, UNSCR 1244 (1999). Closing date: 2017-06-30|
|International Expert ? Conducting a feasibility study on the model(s) for establishing a sustainable employment or guarantee fund for financing active labour market policies in Kosovo||UNDP: International Expert ? Conducting a feasibility study on the model(s) for establishing a sustainable employment or guarantee fund for financing active labour market policies in Kosovo in Prishtinë/Pri?tina, Kosovo, UNSCR 1244 (1999). Closing date: 2017-07-01|
|First Six Months of 2017|
Half of the year has already passed by.Time flies really fast specially when you are having fun. What have you been doing? Well I have done a lot so far. After I came back from my stay in Asia (January-March) and spent a week (last week of March) in Eastern Europe(Kosovo,Macedonia, Bulgaria ,Amsterdam, Edinburgh and Copenhagen) I settled back to domestic bliss by staying in Toronto.So except for a weekend in Iceland I had been in Canada the whole time.Here is what has been happening on my side for the last 5 months :
|The New Beowulf|
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ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: A new translation of the epic poem “Beowulf” by the Irish poet Seamus Heaney is improbably on bestseller lists in several major U.S. cities, Los Angeles and San Francisco, among them. The poem was written in Old English more than 1,000 years ago. It tells the tale of theScandinavian warrior, Beowulf, who slays two hellish demons and then in old age, brave beyond reason, is fatally wounded in a battle with a fiery dragon.
The poet and translator, Seamus Heaney, was born on a farm in Northern Ireland, and now divides his time between Dublin and teaching at Harvard University. He won the Nobel Prize for literature in 1995, for what the Nobel Committee described as “works of lyrical beauty and ethical depth, which exalt everyday miracles and the living past.”
Thank you for being with us, Mr. Heaney.
SEAMUS HEANEY, Poet/Translator, “Beowulf:” A pleasure.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: Those words from the Nobel Committee might describe “Beowulf,” too, with its ethical concerns and the past so alive in it. Have you always had an affinity for “Beowulf”?
SEAMUS HEANEY: Well, I read the poem when I was an undergraduate. I was actually made to read it as part of my English course. When I was in my teens, I actually knew the shorter Anglo- Saxon poems better, but “Beowulf” was the large, 3,000- line monster lying there at the very beginning of the tradition. And the language it was written in and the meter it was written in attracted me, partly because, as I say in the introduction to the translation, I think there’s something in the very sturdy, stressed nature of that old language that matched the speech I grew up with in Ulster, in the countryside in the 1940’s.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: We don’t know who wrote it. You’re not even sure exactly when it was written, are you?
SEAMUS HEANEY: No, it was written, as I said, towards the end of the first millennium, maybe in the 700’s, maybe towards the year 1000, but that’s not… we’re not very sure about that. We do know that whoever wrote it lived in two worlds, in a way– lived in a past that belonged to the Old English ancestry, that is the people who came over from Jutland and the Anglos and the Saxons and the Jutes, they came across the North Sea to England.
So they brought memories of a Scandinavian past with them. So the poet is someone with… who lived in that previous, as they say “pagan” past. And he’s also a Christian, someone who has taken in the new Mediterranean Christian culture. And the two voices, the two things are in the poem. The story of is the old, previous archaic material, and the understanding and the voice that speaks is someone who is in touch with the new Christian culture.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: And then how did you find the tone and the voice for your own translation? I read that a word, is it “polean,” helped you.
SEAMUS HEANEY: Yeah, well, this poem is written down, but it is also clearly a poem that was spoken out. And it is spoken in a very dignified, formal way. And I got the notion that the best voice I could hear it in was the voice of an old countryman who was a cousin of my father’s who was not, as they say, educated, but he spoke with great dignity and formality. And I thought if I could write the translation in such a way that this man– Peter Scullion was his name–could speak it, then I would get it right. That’s, in fact, how I started it.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: And you found words that had actually been words that you knew from childhood, right?
SEAMUS HEANEY: Yeah, that’s right. My aunt used a word. In fact, all the people around the district, in the countryside, use words that I gradually began to realize the more I read were Anglo-Saxon words. They would say, for example, of people who had suffered some bereavement, “well, they just have to thole.” And they would say it to you when they’re putting the poultice on your hand that was burning, “you’ll have to thole this, child.”
Now thole… “Thole” means “to suffer,” but it’s there in the glossaries of Anglo-Saxon, “tholian.” So between the secret dialect speech of my home ground and the upper level discourse of the Anglo-Saxon textbook in university, there was this commerce. And I felt my own ear, my own language lived between… lived between that country-speak and learned-speak, and therefore, that I had some way of translating it, of carrying over from one to the other. I felt there was, like, a little passport into translating it, you know.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: Would you read something for us, please?
SEAMUS HEANEY: Yeah, I’ll read a bit, one of my favorite little bits where it describes a poet in the Anglo-Saxon king’s hall, a minstrel singing his poem, and the poem is a story of the creation of the world.
And in this very… this very happy scene is surrounded by darkness where the monster is prowling, the monster called Grande. “Then a powerful demon, a prowler through the dark nursed the hard grievance. It harrowed him to hear the din of the large banquet every day in hall.
The hearth beams struck in the clearing of a skilled poet, telling what mastery of man’s beginnings, how the Almighty had made the earth a gleaming plain girdled with waters. In his splendor, he set the sun and the moon to be earth’s lamplight, lanterns for men. And filled the broad lap of the world with branches and leaves, and quickened life and every other thing that moved.”
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: Now read a little bit of it in Anglo-Saxon for us.
SEAMUS HEANEY: Well, these are just a little, few lines at the beginning. (SPEAKING IN ANGLO-SAXON)
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: The metrics of it, the balancing halves of the line, explain that, because it seems to be, at least for me, what kept pulling me through it.
SEAMUS HEANEY: Yeah, well the line is in two halves. But there are two stresses and two stresses “telling with mastery of man’s beginnings.” “To be earth’s lamplight, lanterns for men.” “Then a powerful demon, a prowler through the dark.”
You’ve got the two stresses, but you will notice there’s also a little loop from one half to the other of alliteration. “Powerful prowler, a hard grievance, it harrowed him.” “A gleaming plain, girdled with waters.” “Earth’s lamplight, lanterns for men.”
The “l’s”– “earth’s lamplight, lanterns for men”– they end, “then the Almighty made the earth.” The “p”– “powerful demons prowler through the dark.” So instead of rhyming, you have those different principles for repeating the pattern line by line right through.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: And the world of “Beowulf”– you referred to this earlier– but this old world, the warrior.. the Germanic warrior culture that’s evoked, which is honor-bound, blood-stained, vengeance-driven…
SEAMUS HEANEY: Yeah.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: …Did it seem particularly familiar to you? Was it like Ireland?
SEAMUS HEANEY: Well, no. Ireland doesn’t live by the sword and doesn’t, I mean, we’re in a kind of different cultural situation. We aren’t commanded once somebody has killed to go out and kill someone else. That isn’t the code.
But it is true that the… that what does strike the contemporary reader of “Beowulf” is that that sense of small ethnic groups living together with memories of wrongs on each side, with a border between them that may be breached. I mean, after the breakup of the former Yugoslavia, after Bosnia and Kosovo and so on, the feuds between the Swedes and the Gates, these little dynastic, ethnic, furious battles strike a chord.
Not, it’s not just… I wouldn’t say it was just in Northern Ireland, where there is of course an ethnic energy and a vengefulness from the past. But it’s more widespread than that. And I say in the introduction and I think it’s absolutely true, towards the end of the poem there’s a scene, a funeral scene, where a woman begins to wail and weep with her hair bound up.
And she cries out a chant of grief. And I think, instead of it being very far away, it’s actually quite close now– through paradoxically all the modern technological means of television, which bring us newsreels of sorrow right into the drawing room. And that figure of the woman wailing because of grief, because of atrocity, it’s quite familiar and very close.
And the poem, I would say, is fit for this kind of atrocious reality. The poet understands he has a veteran’s understanding that the world is not quite trustworthy and that we most be grateful for it when it is trustworthy.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: And finally, Mr. Heaney, how do you explain the fact that “Beowulf,” this old, old poem with its old, old code is so popular right now? I mean, it’s number seven on the “San Francisco Chronicle” bestseller list. It’s number three, I think, in Los Angeles.
SEAMUS HEANEY: Well, I’m glad to hear that. I don’t think poetry has no tense, you know, past or present. The reality that it deals with is kind of the… what our consciousness contains and what, how we are fit for reality.
And when you get something like “Beowulf” or something like “Homer,” then you’re dealing with the clear, present reality of human understanding and human action, and as I say, it’s so true that the tense of past or present doesn’t enter. It is the truthfulness of the representation of the kind of creatures we are, I think.
ELIZABETH FARNSWORTH: Seamus Heaney, thank you very much for being with us.
SEAMUS HEANEY: Thank you.
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Certo dia, três amigos foram fazer um passeio ao deserto. Por azar quando se preparavam para regressar verificaram que estavam perdidos, e sem gasolina. Não tendo possibilidade de contactar os serviços de emergência por não haver telefone e sinal de rede, resolveram esperar pelo dia seguinte. Ao amanhecer ainda confiantes esperam por ser resgatados. Esperaram, esperaram, esperaram e... nada! Em poucas horas ficaram sem comida. Começou uma forte discussão entre eles para descobrir de quem era a culpa de o alimento ter acabado em pouco tempo. Todos culparam-se mutuamente de traição...um deles chamou ladrão ao mais velho e este puxa de um revolver e dispara a matar. Ficaram só dois para o dia seguinte. A desconfiança era cada vez maior entre os dois homens e a água também já estava a acabar. No dia seguinte as equipas de salvamento continuavam à procura dos três perdidos. Os dois amigos que restavam já só tinham uma pequena garrafa de água meio vazia. Um deles cheio de sede resolve beber um pequeno gole, mas o outro amigo procura impedi-lo e a garrafa acaba por cair na areia entornando toda a água, que bem depressa é absorvida pela secura do areal. Desde logo começa entre eles um violento confronto físico e o mais velho acaba por terra gravemente ferido por uma arma branca. O amigo ainda com a arma branca na mão, vendo isto, e já sem esperança de ser encontrado, pega no revolver do amigo mais velho e suicida-se. Duas horas depois chega finalmente o salvamento... Resta dizer que eram consideradas pessoas normais e amigos do seu amigo.
Todos somos umas jóias de pessoas até sermos testados, até sermos postos à prova. Todos! Muito dificilmente alguém pode provar eficazmente aquilo que é, aquilo que vale, em ambientes normais, no seu meio natural. Os portugueses, por exemplo, eram umas boas almas até descobrirem os africanos. Quando descobrimos os africanos, tratamos de imediato de escravizá-los. Os soldados norte-americanos são do melhor que há...pois são... mas quando vão em missões no estrangeiro ficam possuídos e...muitos deles transformam-se em violadores de mulheres, carniceiros, pedófilos, assassinos e monstros!
Há casos recentes que provam o que eu digo. Bósnia ou Kosovo: Na antiga Jugoslávia o povo ou os seus povos pareciam dos mais cultos, mas quando surgiu a crise, vizinhos mataram vizinhos, amigos traíram amigos, quase todos se odiaram e mostraram a sua verdadeira face. E o povo alemão? O mais avançado da Europa, diziam, até ao dia que uma parte desse povo apoiou o holocausto e outras palhaçadas! No entanto era um povo muito culto... até ser testado pela guerra. Todavia, muitos outros que eram considerados como pessoas frias e insensíveis, no meio do terror salvaram muitos inocentes, mesmo pondo em perigo a sua própria vida.
Cada indivíduo, em particular, só prova o que vale em tempos de dificuldade, em tempos de crise, em tempo de tentação. Ao homem a quem pouco falta pouco mostra, pouco decide, pouco ama e pouco odeia. No dia em que esse homem, a quem nunca faltou nada, for conduzido ao deserto, terá que tomar uma decisão... e mostrará a sua verdadeira alma e a sua verdadeira humanidade, ou falta dela.
Os grandes santos e os grandes terroristas, nascem do mesmo sítio: o deserto - o seu deserto pessoal - uns aproveitam os seus problemas ou os seus sofrimentos para crescerem como Homens, outros fazem do seu deserto uma escola da morte. O deserto é pois uma espada de dois gumes: Uma oportunidade única de abrirmos novos horizontes, ou de fechar de vez a porta da verdadeira liberdade.
Todos somos testados, todos seremos testados e provados no fogo como o ouro, e ninguém poderá dizer de si aquilo que não é. Toda a humanidade será conduzida ao deserto da salvação...
|Building peace with rock bands, orchestras, and theatre||Could art and culture be the future tools of diplomats and peacebuilders? A Swiss woman’s initiative is helping to make it happen, step by step. People have long turned to stories, painting, music and theatre as a way of coping with hardship and fear. But when it comes to conflict mediation, art is often held at arm’s length, seen as a cultural asset not to be confused with the “real work” that goes on behind closed doors. Lea Suter founded the PeacePrints initiative to show that art can play more of a role in the areas of conflict resolution and peacebuilding. Suter, who comes from Switzerland, wants to show that cultural activities are not merely “decorations” for mediation processes but can be “active tools and agents of peace processes themselves”. Sitting outside the Palais des Nations where she is currently working on a mandate for the United Nations, Suter recalls a recent trip to Kosovo where she visited the School of Rock in the city of Mitrovica. There, young people ...|
|Labour market expert to draft a snapshot on the labour market situation in Kosovo - Prishtinë/Pri?tina||Application Deadline: 8 July 2017|
|Education policy expert to draft a snapshot on the current situation of Kosovo Education System - Prishtinë/Pri?tina||Application Deadline: 8 July 2017|
|Macroeconomist to draft a snapshot on the current situation of the macro-economic trends and the budgetary and financial system in Kosovo - Prishtinë/Pri?tina||Application Deadline: 8 July 2017|
|Submission for the Universal Periodic Review of Serbia|
Human Rights Watch’s key human rights concerns on Serbia are reflected in the 2017 World Report chapter on Serbia. Accountability for war crimes is hampered by slow progress on prosecutions. Concerns over freedom of the media continue amid repeated threats against journalists and failure by authorities to investigate cases of threats and violence against investigative reporters. Roma also face discrimination, as do lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. Members of these communities face threats, discrimination and harassment. The situation for refugees, asylum seekers, and IDPs remains a concern, particularly inadequate asylum procedures, pushbacks, and limited capacity of reception centres. Moving children with disabilities out of institutions and into family-like environments has been a limited and slow process.
In light of the serious human rights concerns that persist in Kosovo, scrutiny by international human rights bodies is vital. We therefore urge the Human Rights Council to ensure that Kosovo is subject to the Universal Periodic Review process and other human rights monitoring in an appropriate and robust fashion. Our concerns on the human rights situation in Kosovo are available on our website: https://www.hrw.org/europe/central-asia/serbia/kosovo
1.Treatment of Migrants and Asylum seekers
While Serbia has seen a significant decrease in the number of asylum seekers and other migrants arriving since 2016, there continue to be serious obstacles to accessing protection and humane treatment including for unaccompanied asylum-seeking children. There are credible reports of on-going summary returns of asylum seekers from Serbia to Macedonia.
According to the UNHCR, partner organizations and the Serbian Commissariat for Refugees and Migration there were 6,600 asylum seekers, refugees and other migrants in Serbia at the time of writing.
According to the Serbian Ministry of Interior’s Asylum Office, 2,922 individuals expressed intentions to seek asylum in the Republic of Serbia in the first five months of 2017. Most are Syrians, Afghans, Iraqis and Pakistanis. Asylum seekers are housed in overcrowded camps and often in unsuitable mixed accommodation with single males, families, single women and unaccompanied children sharing living space.
In 2012, Serbia accepted a recommendation to “Take all necessary measures to ensure the improvement of socio-economic conditions of refugees and internally displaced persons.” Yet, as of June 9, 2017, Serbia had not granted anyone the status of a refugee. In 2016, Serbia granted refugee status to only 19 asylum seekers and subsidiary protection to 23. In addition to low recognition rates, and problems registering asylum claims, there are significant backlogs in the country’s asylum procedure with thousands of pending claims.
During the first five months of 2017, the Ministry of Interior registered 46 unaccompanied children in Serbia, from Afghanistan and Pakistan. Serbia lacks formal age assessment procedures for unaccompanied children, putting older children at risk of being treated as adults instead of receiving child protection. Only three institutions exist in Serbia for unaccompanied children and have a total of 32 places. Other unaccompanied children stay in temporary shelters known as “refugee aid centers” together with unrelated adults or open reception centers, where in some cases unaccompanied children can be accommodated separately from unrelated adults. The number of unaccompanied children is, based on the observations of our researchers, likely much higher than the officially reported 46.
Progress in finding durable solutions for refugees and internally displaces persons (IDPs) from the Balkan wars living in Serbia was insignificant. According to UNHCR, as of June 2017, there were 29,414 refugees in Serbia, 20,334 from Croatia and 9,080 from Bosnia and Herzegovina while the Serbian government recorded 203,000 internally displaced people from Kosovo.
In an April 2015 report, Human Rights Watch interviewed migrants and asylum seekers who described violent assaults, threats, insults, and extortion, denial of the required special protection for unaccompanied children, and summary returns to the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. There is credible evidence that summary returns from Serbia to Macedonia continue. Serbian authorities have not taken adequate steps to address halt these abuses.
Despite accepting recommendations to take all necessary measures to end to impunity by prosecuting alleged perpetrators in accordance with international standards, war crimes prosecutions in Serbia are hampered by a lack of political support, resources or staff at the Office of the War Crimes Prosecutor and inadequate witness support.
Since the establishment of the War Crimes Prosecution Office in 2003, 110 judgments have been issued: 75 convictions and 37 acquittals. But few high-ranking officials have been prosecuted for war crimes in Serbian courts.
Despite the war crimes strategy adopted by the government in February 2016, which sets out criteria for prioritizing cases and commitment to prosecute high-ranking officials suspected of war crimes, progress appears to have stalled. Between January 2017 and June 2017, the War Crimes Prosecutor’s Office issued only 1 indictment against 1 person. During the same period, no one was convicted or acquitted by the first instance court for war crimes and two persons were acquitted at the appeals stage.
The most notable example of the lack of progress in war crimes accountability is the failure to bring charges in relation to the organized removal of more than 900 Albanian bodies from Kosovo to Serbia in 1999 and their reburial in mass graves, including on the grounds of a police training center. Some of the people allegedly involved in this crime were named in 2011 by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in its judgment against Serbian police chief Vlastimir Đorđević but, to date, no one has been indicted.
Another case involves the apparent execution in custody of three U.S. citizens – the brothers Ylli, Agron, and Mehmet Bytyqi – who were arrested in Serbia in June 1999, transferred to a police training center, and killed in July 1999. Despite assurances in June 2015 to US State Department officials by then Serbian Prime Minister Vucic that there would be progress in the case, no one has been brought to justice for this crime.
In June 2017, ICTY President Carmel Agius asked the UN Security Council to ensure that three members of the Serbian Radical Party, indicted for contempt of court, are extradited to the Tribunal. So far Serbian authorities have not obliged. During its previous UPR, Serbia accepted the recommendation to continue its cooperation with the ICTY and to ensure that other perpetrators are prosecuted in domestic courts in accordance with international standards.
3.Restrictions on Media Freedom
Human Rights Watch research in Serbia shows that journalists and other media workers operate in a hostile environment where threats, smear campaigns and political interference with their work is commonplace. Media freedom is a critical precondition for the development of a democratic society, as well as a condition of closer ties to the European Union.
The Independent Journalists’ Association of Serbia (NUNS) registered 69 incidents against journalists in 2016, and 40 in the first six months of 2017. The incidents in 2017 included 3 physical assaults, 12 verbal threats and 25 incidents involving pressure.
The work of a national commission established to investigate the murders of three prominent journalists, Slavko Curuvija in 1999, Dada Vujasinovic in 1994, and Milan Pantic in 2001, has made limited progress. The widow of Slavko Curuvija has criticized the slow progress of the trial against four state security officials suspected of alleged involvement in her husband’s murder. The deaths of the remaining two journalists remained unsolved. In 2012, Serbia rejected a recommendation to establish an “International Commission for Investigation of Murders of Journalists”.
Government officials and pro-government media have repeatedly criticized independent news organizations. The former Prime Minister Vucic, now President, was quoted in 2015 criticizing the Balkans Investigative Reporting Network as liars funded by the EU to speak against the Serbian government.
In research carried out in 2015 and updated in 2016, Human Rights Watch found that journalists in Serbia face physical attacks and threats, including death threats, as a result of reporting on sensitive issues including war crimes and government corruption. The state response to attacks and threats against journalists appears to be weak, despite accepting recommendations during their previous UPR to create a climate in which journalists are able to report on sensitive issues without fear or harassment and reprisal.
During the second cycle UPR, Serbia accepted all recommendations received relating to the treatment of minorities, including one recommendation to “Enforce legal safeguards to ensure fair and equal access to housing, education, employment and government services for Romani individuals and protection against arbitrary, forcible evictions and displacement from their homes or temporary residences”. Yet, Roma often live in informal squalid settlements lacking basic services such as schools, health care, water and proper sewage. Roma in such informal settlements are also vulnerable to forced evictions without offers for adequate alternative accommodation. Segregated education remains a problem, with Romani children often attending mainstream schools in separate classes and are overrepresented in schools for children with special needs.
Human Rights Watch documented in its 2016 report ‘It Is My Dream To Leave This Place’: Children with Disabilities in Serbian Institutions that hundreds of children with disabilities in Serbia live in state institutions where they are likely to experience neglect and isolation, have no privacy and have little or no access to education. They also may be given inappropriate medication, and may not be allowed to make their own decisions even when they become adults. The majority of these children have at least one living parent, but given the dearth of community-based services, parents often do not have the support they need to care for their child with a disability. Instead, parents may be advised by health professionals to give up on their child with a disability.
Human Rights Watch research found that some young women with disabilities who live in institutions experienced invasive medical interventions without their free and informed consent, but rather based on the consent of their guardian. The interventions included the insertion of intrauterine devices (for birth control), administration of pap smear tests (Papanicolaou test, a screening procedure for cervical cancer) and termination of pregnancy. According to institution staff interviewed by Human Rights Watch, anaesthesia was used in every case so that the women would not resist the interventions.
Despite accepting all recommendations on the topic of disability rights during both previous UPR cycles, in April 2016, the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities expressed deep concerns about the number of children and adults with disabilities living in institutions and about the poor living conditions in institutions in Serbia. The committee urged Serbia to deinstitutionalize people with disabilities and to ensure access to inclusive and quality education. The committee also called on Serbia to replace its guardianship system and ensure all people with disabilities have access to services and support in the community of their own choice and preference.
In February 2017, the UN Committee on the Rights of Child adopted concluding observations on Serbia and urged the government to “urgently reduce placement of children under the age of 3 in residential care institutions, including those with disabilities, and expedite the placement in family-based care.” The Committee further raised concerns about segregation, neglect, limited privacy, exclusion from education and play, forced and inappropriate medical treatment that children with disabilities experience in orphanages in Serbia. The Committee urged Serbia to end such practices and to make sure children with disabilities are safe and have the right to live with their families or in other family-like environments.
Human Rights Watch is concerned that the Serbian government continues to invest in institutionalization despite ratifying the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities in 2009. This despite the fact that Serbia accepted a recommendation in 2012 to “Consolidate the constitutional and legislative framework to prevent discrimination against persons with disabilities”. In March 2014 and in April 2016, Serbia opened two newly built institutions for children and young people with disabilities. It cost the Serbian government 66 million Serbian dinars (or 600,000 EUROS) to build one of the two facilities.
As of June 2017, the Serbian government has not yet adopted a de-institutionalization plan or followed up with other previously expressed commitments to transition people from institutions into community-based living arrangements. According to UNICEF and local activists, Serbia has yet to take steps to end neglect of children living in institutions and hold those responsible for treatment of children to account. In a phone conversation with the Serbian Ministry of Education in March 2017, a representative of the Ministry told Human Rights Watch that no concrete steps have been taken to ensure children with disabilities who live in institutions have access to education.
|Final results of Kosovo elections; Serb List to complain||The Central Election Commission of Kosovo on Thursday announced the final results of the June 11 early elections for the Kosovo assembly. According to the results, the coalition made up of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK), the Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (AAK), the Initiative for Kosovo has won 39 seats, the Self-Determination Movement has 32, while the coalition of Democratic Alliance of Kosovo (LDK), the New Kosovo Alliance (AKR), and the Alternative Initiative has 29.|
|Kosovo consulate driver in NYC arrested for selling arms||The driver of the Kosovo consulate in New York is among those recently arrested for money laundering, extortion, and international arms trafficking. The suspect, Albert Veliu, is also described as "a close associate" of several officials of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK).|
|"Let's make 'Balkans for Balkan people' our slogan"||Serbian Government's Office for Kosovo and Metohija head on Thursday suggested that the Balkans should adopt the slogan, "the Balkans for the Balkan people." However, he continued, "this does not mean isolationism - but instead making connections with the West and the East, to the benefit of citizens."|
|B92: Sud za OVK spremio optužnice, ali se ne zna ko je na njima||Direktor televizije "Kljan Kosova" Baton Hadžiju je za "Gazetu ekspres" rekao da je "među razlozima zbog kojih je Kosovo imalo prevremene parlamentarne izbore 11. juna" bio i Specijalni sud. Hadžiju je dodao da su optužnice spremne, ali da "niko ne zna kada će biti podignute", prenosi taj [...]|
|EOD Performs Remote Entry Procedures||Soldiers of the 759th Explosive Ordinance Disposal Company performed remote entry procedures during a vehicle born IED training on Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo. SGT Ricky Perez tells us more. Available in high definition.|
|Гоша Куценко совместно с ДОСААФ России снимет фильм о событиях в Косово|
ДОСААФ России будет участвовать в создании патриотического полнометражного художественного фильма режиссера Андрея Волгина «Балканский рубеж». С этой целью председатель ДОСААФ России Александр Колмаков и известный актер, продюсер Гоша Куценко подписали меморандум о партнерстве. Автор сценария Иван Наумов.
Фильм основан на базе реальных событий, произошедших в международном аэропорту «Слатина» столицы края Косова Приштина в разгар косовского конфликта. В июне 1999 года русский десант прямо перед носом натовского авангарда захватил аэропорт. «Многие иностранные участники тех событий сегодня все больше смотрят в сторону Запада. А наша сила в правде, потому мы сегодня решили снимать это военное кино, чтобы еще раз показать и рассказать всему миру о том, как все происходило в Косово на самом деле», - говорит сопродюсер картины Гоша Куценко.
По его словам, в ДОСААФ России есть люди, которые непосредственно участвовали в той операции, в частности, статс-секретарь-заместитель председателя организации, генерал-лейтенант Николай Стаськов. Кроме того, по словам сопродюсера, актерам и съемочной группе полезно пожить «в тех реальных условиях, а не в шикарных гостиницах». Он также сообщил, что этот фильм и в честь 90-летнего юбилея ДОСААФ. Актер сыграет одного из главных героев, прототипом которого стал реальный герой-разведчик, участник тех событий, с которым Гоша дружит несколько лет, сообщает пресс-служба Минобороны России.
Запись Гоша Куценко совместно с ДОСААФ России снимет фильм о событиях в Косово впервые появилась Практика.
|Les familles des disparus du Kosovo unies pour réclamer une vérité qui tarde||Une conférence de deux jours se tient cette semaine à Genève pour tenter de relancer l’identification de 1658 personnes disparues durant la guerre du Kosovo (1998-1999). Pour l’occasion, les familles de victimes serbes et kosovares se sont unies pour inciter les autorités locales et internationales à surmonter les blocages et les mauvaises volontés politiques. «Nous, les mères, pères, épouses, maris, frères, sœurs, filles, fils et tous les autres membres de la famille des personnes disparues (…) nous ne nous reposerons pas jusqu'à ce que le sort de la dernière personne manquante soit éclairé. Depuis 18 ans, chaque jour est un jour d'agonie pour chacun de nous.» C’est ainsi que débute l’appel conjoint qu’ont signé le 21 juin dernier les familles serbes et albanaises de disparus durant la guerre au Kosovo (1998-1999). Ce qu’elles demandent une nouvelle fois, c’est que les restes de leurs parents le plus souvent exécutés leur soient rendus, que la vérité soit établie sur ces crimes ...|
|Deutschland droht EU-Staaten in Flüchtlingskrise|
- von Thorsten Severin und Holger Hansen und Andreas Rinke
Berlin (Reuters) - Angesichts des anhaltenden Flüchtlingsstroms nach Deutschland mahnt die Bundesregierung die anderen EU-Staaten mit Nachdruck zu stärkeren Anstrengungen zur Bewältigung der Krise.
"Wir brauchen hier eine Kraftanstrengung der Europäischen Union", forderte Kanzlerin Angela Merkel am Montag in Berlin. Vizekanzler Sigmar Gabriel sagte, es könne nicht sein, dass Deutschland, Österreich und Schweden die einzigen Länder seien, die sich "namhaft" an der Aufnahme von Flüchtlingen beteiligten. Erneut drohte er aufnahmeunwilligen Ländern mit dem Entzug von EU-Geldern. Die große Koalition hatte sich in der Nacht auf ein sechs Milliarden Euro umfassendes Maßnahmenpaket verständigt, um die nationalen Herausforderungen zu meistern.
Unterdessen rechneten die deutschen Behörden damit, dass bis zum Montagnachmittag etwa 2.500 weitere Flüchtlinge in Bayern eintreffen würden. Die österreichische Bahn plant nach eigenen Angaben drei Sonderzüge Richtung Deutschland, die jeweils Platz für mehrere Hundert Menschen böten. Wegen der sich verschärfenden Lage der nach Westeuropa drängenden Flüchtlinge in Ungarn hatten die deutsche und die österreichische Regierung am Wochenende einer Einreise zugestimmt. Sie begründeten dies mit einer Notlage. Die Bundesregierung hat aber betont, dies solle eine Ausnahme bleiben. Merkels Entscheidung war bei der CSU auf harsche Kritik gestoßen. Am Wochenende waren etwa 20.000 Flüchtlinge in München eingetroffen.
Die Spitzen der großen Koalition einigten sich in der Nacht bei einem mehr als fünfstündigen Treffen im Kanzleramt darauf, insgesamt sechs Milliarden Euro bereitzustellen. Davon sollen drei Milliarden Euro an Länder und Kommunen gezahlt werden. Drei Milliarden Euro stellt der Bund für eigene Aufgaben im Haushalt 2016 ein. Merkel und Gabriel bezeichneten es als realistisch, dass sich die Gesamtkosten im nächsten Jahr auf zehn Milliarden Euro summieren werden. Beide Politiker verwiesen darauf, dass letztlich Länder und Kommunen aus ihren Haushalten auch eigene Anstrengungen unternähmen.
Die Kapazitäten in den Erstaufnahmeeinrichtungen sollen von 50.000 auf 150.000 "winterfeste" Plätze ausgebaut werden. In diesen Einrichtungen sollen Bargeldleistungen weitgehend durch Sachleistungen ersetzt werden. Asylbewerber aus sicheren Herkunftsländern sollen nicht mehr auf die Kommunen verteilt werden. Die Höchstdauer der Aufenthalte in den Erstaufnahmezentren soll sechs Monate betragen. Abschiebungen werden für höchstens drei Monate ausgesetzt. Die Bundespolizei erhält 3000 neue Stellen. Union und SPD einigten auch darauf, den Kosovo, Albanien und Montenegro zu sicheren Herkunftsländern zu erklären. Dies soll die Asylverfahren erheblich abkürzen.Auf europäischer Ebene fordert die Koalition unter anderem eine Verteilung der Flüchtlinge unter den EU-Staaten nach Quoten und die Einrichtung von Aufnahme- und Registrierungszentren (Hotspots) in mehreren südlichen EU-Staaten.
Gabriel sagte an die Adresse der anderen EU-Staaten: "Es kann nicht sein, dass einige Länder das alles tragen und ansonsten Europa weiter sein Geld ausgibt wie bisher." Indirekt drohte er auch mit dem Ende der offenen Schengen-Grenzen. Gerade die osteuropäischen Staaten müssten sich im Klaren sein, dass offene Grenzen für sie ein großer wirtschaftlicher Vorteil seien. Auch Merkel sagte, einzelne EU-Staaten könnten nicht sagen, sie hätten mit dem Thema nichts zu tun. "Das wird auf Dauer nicht tragen. Dann werden andere Gedanken Überhand gewinnen." Sie hoffe, dass die von EU-Kommissionspräsident Jean-Claude Juncker für Mittwoch angekündigten Vorschläge zur Verteilung der Flüchtlinge, eine neue Dynamik entfachten.
FEUER IN ASYLUNTERKÜNFTEN
Ungarns Ministerpräsident Viktor Orban lehnte die von der Europäischen Union vorgeschlagene Regelung für verbindliche Quoten zur Verteilung von Flüchtlingen erneut ab. Solange die EU ihre Grenzen nicht schützen könne, sei es nicht sinnvoll, auch nur darüber zu diskutieren. Frankreichs Präsident Francois Hollande will eine internationale Flüchtlingskonferenz in seinem Land ausrichten. Zugleich kündigt er die Aufnahme von 24.000 Flüchtlingen gemäß Plänen der EU-Kommission in Frankreich an.
Beim Brand einer Asylbewerber-Unterkunft mit mehr als 80 Bewohnern im baden-württembergischen Rottenburg schließt die Polizei Brandstiftung nicht aus. Zwei Bewohner waren aus dem Fenster gesprungen und hatten sich dabei verletzt. Weitere drei Bewohner mussten wegen Rauchgas-Vergiftung behandelt werden. Auch im thüringischen Ebeleben brannten nach Angaben des Ordnungsamtes in der Nacht auf Montag die Dachstühle dreier Wohnblocks, die derzeit für eine Unterbringung für Asylbewerber saniert werden.
|Samantha Power righteously condemns the Russians et al||When I googled "Syria genocide" the main article I found which made sense to me is written by a right wing think tank: Nothing can be done in Syria? Not true|
Every night we watch the newsreader read the news, augmented by social media horrific footage, about the latest Aleppo massacres. It is just the news, which report facts, and doesn't reflect on the policies which created those facts.
Somewhere in memory I recall that the west had apparently learnt a lesson from the Rwandan genocide and at a later date intervened in Kosovo:
The most important precedent supporting the legitimacy of unilateral humanitarian intervention was established by the events that transpired in Kosovo between March and June of 1999.1 NATO’s intervention in Kosovo has confirmed the doctrine of humanitarian intervention as legal custom. The Kosovo incident also gave expression to the moral consensus in the international community that severe tyranny should not be tolerated.I remember that the first George Bush created a no fly zone in Iraq which saved the Kurds from massacre by Saddam Hussein
President Obama could have created a no fly zone many years ago in Syria but instead he created a power vacuum. Putin saw this as weakness and moved in.
Samantha Power, the American UN Ambassador who has published a few books about genocide has righteously pilloried Russia, Iran and Assad for their Aleppo massacres:
Ms Power began her speech by saying how those left are now saying their final goodbyes as a city was “being erased from history”.What she forgot to add is what she wrote in her book, "A Problem from Hell": America and the Age of Genocide:
Power observes that American policymakers have been consistently reluctant to condemn mass atrocities as genocide or take responsibility for leading an international military intervention. She argues that without significant pressure from the American public, policymakers avoid the term "genocide" altogether. Instead, they appeal to the priority of national interests or argue (without merit, she contends) that a U.S. response would be futile and accelerate violence as a justification for inaction
|Les brèves du jeudi 28.08.2008||
|Offer - Light Pink Lace Dress - Off-the-shoulder-tops - BAHAMAS||
Off The Shoulder Maxi Dresses,
Hoodless Sweatshirts With Zippers, five centuries, Business?outlined a
fresh track of blood: for Thaddeus Sholto'sI have not introduced you
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and family. They thought You are unhappy. please, Alexei Alexandrovich
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have gone to bed and put out their lights. as at all times. Untie the By
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|Vintage Leather Jewelry Trinket Box with Hinged Lid and Blue Silk Lining Made in Yugoslavia by EitherOrFinds|
This is a lovely vintage leather jewelry or trinket box, which was made decades ago in Yugoslavia, now broken up into the countries of Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia and Kosovo.
|Prishtina life: two weeks in Kosovo’s capital|
I decided to base myself in Prishtina for two weeks to finish up some work before cycling further through Kosovo. I’ve passed through Prishtina a few times before, but this longer stay allowed me to enter more into the vibe of the city. For the capital of a small European country that suffered a terrible, … Continue reading Prishtina life: two weeks in Kosovo’s capital
|Mark Leon Goldberg & Matthew Lee||You're either part of the solution or you're Monsanto ... The bailout: Matthew is surprised to side with the right wing ... Southern Sudan the new Kashmir, Kashmir the new Afghanistan ... Ban Ki-moon: too much secretary, not enough general? ... Why Ban hasn't spoken out against oppression in Burma ... Serbia's impending Kosovo resolution: who's voting how? ... |
|Вот Как Использовать Кокосовое Масло И Пищевую Соду, Чтобы Выглядеть На 10 лет Моложе|
Добавлено в КрасотачкаКокосовое масло, представляет собой пищевое масло, которое извлекают из ядра зрелых кокосовых орехов, собранных с кокосовой пальмы. Она имеет различные свойства. Познакомьтесь с этим природным молочком для лица с кокосовым маслом и пищевой содой, и попрощайтесь с морщинами и дряблой кожей лица! В этой статье мы покажем Вам рецепт невероятного природного очищающего средства для […]
|Famílias dos desaparecidos do Kosovo unidas para reclamar uma verdade que tarda||Uma conferência de dois dias ocorre esta semana em Genebra para tentar relançar a identificação de 1.658 pessoas desaparecidas durante a guerra do Kosovo (1998-1999). Para a ocasião, as famílias de vítimas sérvias e kosovares se uniram para incitar as autoridades locais e internacionais a ultrapassar os bloqueios e as más vontades políticas. "Nós, as mães, pais, esposas, maridos, irmãos, irmãs, filhas, filhos e outros membros da família das pessoas desaparecidas (…) não nos repousaremos até que o paradeiro da última pessoa que falta seja esclarecido. Há 18 anos, cada dia é um dia de agonia para cada um de nós." É assim que começa o apelo conjunto que assinaram em 21 de junho último as famílias sérvias e kosovares de desaparecidos durante a guerra no Kosovo (1998-1999). O que elas pedem mais uma vez é que os restos mortais de seus parentes executados lhes sejam devolvidos, que a verdade seja estabelecida sobre os crimes para que o luto possa enfim ser feito. O apelo conjunto é ...|
|Montenegro would fight against Serbia if NATO should ask||Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic said on Friday that sometimes is better to remain silent and not comment on some of the statements. Vucic responded to RTS questions in relation to the statement by Montenegro’s Defense Minister Predrag Boskovic that the country’s military would fight against Serbs in Kosovo if NATO should ask. Vucic said that […]|
|Girl From Kosovo Gets Interrupted Giving Head In A Car||Watch Girl From Kosovo Gets Interrupted Giving Head In A Car at DirtyPriest.com - old school free sex video tube.|
|Mifa 2017 wrapped with a 9% increase in accreditation|| |
A meaningful achievement for the Mifa 2017, where everything this year was bigger and greater, responding to the needs of even more participants. 3,000 professionals from 74 countries showed up and lauded the Annecy International Animation Film Market in its new dimension.
This record attendance was echoed on the Festival side as well, as Annecy 2017 surpassed the symbolic milestone of 10,000 accreditations.
"We feel like we’ve really broken down a barrier this year by giving the Mifa a new dimension. It’s a new dimension because of the surface area with over 1,000 m² extra space, a new structure for the exhibitors, and also by the number of accreditations and the multiplication of meeting opportunities set up during this (now) 4-day-long Market. The 1st Mifa Campus in particular, which was conceived as a special day for young creatives and students (a very Annecy-specific audience), attracted over 1,300 participants and we’re very pleased about that. All of the signs seem to say that we’ve pulled off the real challenge that we set for ourselves a year ago. And I must admit that I’m very proud that we managed to preserve the quality of our welcome conditions, which is also one of our trademarks."
10 Years of Continuous Growth
3,000 accreditations, 9% more than in 2016
1,400 companies, 200 more than in 2016
430 buyers, distributors and investors, 16% more than in 2016
1,300 participants at the 1st Mifa Campus
74 countries (vs 68 in 2016) represented in a space that was extended this year, totalling over 6,000 m², with a Chinese delegation – China: Guest Country – of 130 people on a 183 m² stand, first-ever participation from Ukraine, Israel, Greece, the Philippines and Kosovo.
A new corner entirely dedicated to short films, "France in Shorts". A joint-initiative from the AFCA (Association française du cinéma d’animation), the Agence du court métrage, the SPFA (Syndicat des producteurs de films d’animation) and the SPI (Syndicat des producteurs indépendants) in collaboration with the Mifa, CICLIC, UniFrance and the PROCIREP.
A Great Rise in Recruitment Sessions
Over 900 applicants (600 in 2016) were invited to take part in 75 recruitment sessions.
Over 60 studios (around 50 in 2016) of high standing (Illumination MacGuff, Pixar, Laika, ILM, Cartoon Network Asia, Mikros Animation, Xilam, TeamTo…) were able to meet the best young professionals on the market from all over the world (56% French, 37% European, 7% non-European).
A few proclamations that back up these very positive market trends:
Mifa & Variety’s Animation Personality of the Year Award went to a pair of distributors: Marc Bonny from Gebeka Films and Eric Beckman from GKIDS
Created in partnership with Variety in 2015 to celebrate 30 years of the Mifa, this award aims to shine the spotlight on figures who have contributed to the evolution of the animation industry through their work, commitment and way of thinking. After Chris Meledandri from Illumination Entertainment, the Aardman duo, Peter Lord and David Sproxton, these two distributors whose work and risk-taking have allowed animation to conquer new territories were given this award this year:
A Premium Video Library
17,600 files and over 4,600 videos were consulted at the Mifa’s 2017 Video Library, onsite, online and on the mobile app.
The films with the most view counts this year:
Accessible to all Mifa badgeholders, the Video Library is meant to promote the supply and demand of projects or productions for TV, cinemas, short film and new broadcasting platforms. It will remain open (access codes required) until the end of December.
We’ll see you in Annecy from 12th to 15th June 2018 for the next Mifa!
|Montenegro would fight against Serbia if NATO should ask||Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic said on Friday that sometimes is better to remain silent and not comment on some of the statements. Vucic responded to RTS questions in relation to the statement by Montenegro’s Defense Minister Predrag Boskovic that the country’s military would fight against Serbs in Kosovo if NATO should ask. Vucic said that […]|
|Revue de presse mars 2016||
Revue de Presse (P.B.)
Nouveau numéro de la revue Éléments (mars-avril 2016). Disponible en kiosque on y découvrira un sommaire extrêmement riche.
Bruno Mégret, ancien numéro deux du Front national, puis barbouillé en Brutus amateur de félonie putschiste, sort de sa retraite et publie Le temps du Phénix, récit d'anticipation. Il s'agit d'un projet politique de rupture pour la mandature 2017-2022. Rupture ? Partisan d'une purge libérale, il croit comme tous les politiques à un retour possible de la croissance. Celui qui avait été présenté comme le cheval de Troie de la Nouvelle Droite à l'époque de la création du Mouvement National Républicains ignore visiblement les leçons de son compère polytechnicien Jean-Marc Jancovici pourtant basées sur les lois de la thermodynamique qui nous disent que la sainte croissance ne reviendra plus en raison de la déplétion. Seule la partie de son programme concernant la politique extérieure du pays se montre innovante par sa rupture avec l'Otan et le renversement d'alliance qu'elle propose.
Le sociologue "conservateur" Jean-Pierre Le Goff livre dans Marianne.net un riche entretien en trois épisodes sur ses analyses concernant les racines du nouvel individualisme auto-centré et sentimental. Tout d'abord les racines historiques puis l'avènement du "peuple adolescent" en rupture d'héritage et enfin la faillite du "gauchisme culturel".
Règlement de comptes à Libé-Corral. Michel Onfray fait l'objet d'un traitement spécial dans un article critique et forcément féroce de Libération au sujet des deux livres qu'il vient de faire paraitre : Penser l'islam (Grasset) et Le miroir aux alouettes, autobiographie politique (Plon). Suit une critique honnête de son livre consacré aux versions polysémiques de l'islam.
Quand les contribuables français peuvent défiscaliser leurs dons à l'armée israélienne... Question écrite de Mme Nathalie Goulet au sénat.
Alain Finkielkraut dans l'émission L'Esprit de l'escalier revient sur la journée de la femme et note que, même si Cologne est passé par là, la volonté d'occulter cet événement est à l'oeuvre, ce dont il trouve la preuve dans la rhétorique développée par Olivier Roy dans Libération où pour noyer le poisson il rappelait à Kamel Daoud que le machisme et le harcèlement sexuel existe sous toutes les latitudes. Belle démonstration d'un différentiel de civilisation qui date de loin.
Deux chroniques réjouissantes d'Éric Zemmour. Sur Merkel otage du grand Turc tout d'abord puis sur les nouveaux noms des régions qui ne ressemblent à rien.
Une véritable étoffe de chef d'État. Jean-Pierre Chevènement au micro de rfi ce 11 mars est très critique sur Schengen et sur le plan négocié entre l'Union européenne et la Turquie à propos des "réfugiés". Il s'en prend à l'irresponsabilité de Mme Merkel qui s'est assise en septembre sur les accords de Dublin et a mis l'Europe devant le fait accompli. Il s'en prend également à la duplicité de Mr Erdogan.
Le résultat des élections dans trois länder d'Allemagne apportent un relatif désaveu à la politique d'ouverture engagée par la chancelière Merkel depuis septembre dernier. En décidant tout à trac qu'il ne fallait plus faire semblant de contrôler les flux migratoires mais tenir grandes ouvertes les portes de l'Europe quitte à imposer ce tournant à ses partenaires elle a suscité un immense appel d'air et rendu possible une véritable révolution pour ce pays. En effet, portant déjà la culpabilité exorbitante des crimes du nazisme pour l'éternité il se voit imposer avec l'installation à demeure de plusieurs millions de "réfugiés" potentiels une véritable double peine. Mais 80 ans après les faits le tabou, largement instrumentalisé par les vainqueurs, et qui surplombe toute la vie sociale allemande et la réduit à l'impotence politique pourrait enfin tomber, ouvrant à la puissance allemande de nouvelles perpectives. C'est l'effet d'hétérotélie, non prévu par la chancelière, qui pourrait s'avérer positif pour l'Allemagne, et au delà pour toute l'Europe que semble annoncer le succès de l'AfD. Ci-dessous un article du site suisse Les observateurs, puis un édito sans surprise du quotidien Le Monde, suivi du point de vue de Jean Bonnevey de Métamag qui voit dans les résultats de cette échéance électorale l'ouverture d'un nouveau cycle historique pour l'Allemagne.
Enfin un point de vue d'Emmanuel Droit selon qui L'AfD vient combler le vide laissé à droite par une CDU soumise à un mouvement sinistrogyre et de plus en plus orientée vers un humanisme invertébré qui fait la part belle au parti de l'Autre, plus un article étonnant qui rend compte des positions non conformes de Peter Sloterdijk qui parle justement d'invasion pour qualifier l'arrivée en masse de ces immigrés. Selon lui "l'auto-destruction n'est pas un devoir moral".
L'OJIM nous montre que l'ethno-masochisme allemand peut atteindre des sommets.
L'absence cumulative de services et de commerces dans les villages et la disparition du lien social qu'elle entraine favorise le vote Front National. Une étude fine du vote des "oubliés" par Jérome Fourquet, directeur du département Opinion et stratégies de l'Ifop. Sans forcément détenir des solutions concrètes à ce déclin, le FN serait en position majoritaire dans les régions rurales car il est le seul parti à poser le bon diagnostic d'après l'analyse de cet organisme.
Jean-Yves Le Gallou résume au micro de Charlotte d'Ornellas Le contenu de son dernier essai Immigration : la catastrophe. Que faire ? paru récemment aux Éditions Via Romana.
Bernard Lugan explique le glissement du djihadisme du nord Sahel vers le golfe de Guinée
Aristide Leucate sur un sujet voisin du précédent.
Conférence de Xavier Moreau tenue le 12 février au colloque de l'Institut Russe des Études Stratégiques sur "L'avenir du terrorisme". La thèse est la suivante : l'origine du terrorisme djihadiste est partiellement d'origine occidentale et pour le moins largement instrumentalisé par l'Occident dont il servirait ses intérêts à promouvoir le chaos là où il ne peut établir son hégémonie.
Le prince héritier du royaume d'Arabie saoudite doit ignorer la réplique de Louis Jouvet dans le film Entrée des artiste : "Vous portez la légion d'honneur ! Oui. Parce qu'elle impressionne les imbéciles". La véritable histoire de la décoration remise au prince est ici narrée par Causette.
L'aveu de Jamal Ma'arouf : l'amée syrienne libre est sous la coupe d'Al-Nosra (article du Monde).
Caroline Galacteros : "Syrie, quand le général Castres enterre le mythe des rebelles modérés".
Poutine, calculateur prudent, annonce un retrait partiel de ses troupes en Syrie et conserve ainsi une longueur d'avance sur ses adversaires en matière d'initiative. Analyse d'Hadrien Desuin, suivie des quatre hypothèses du magazine russe Expert et enfin de l'avis de Bruno Guigue du site suisse Arrêt sur info.
RT en français a recueilli le témoignage de diverses personnalités françaises à propos de l'annonce du retrait partiel des troupes russes de Syrie.
Alexandre Douguine explique pour le site Katehon l'alchimie complexe dont procède le pouvoir de Wladimir Poutine. Ce Sonderweg césariste, spécifique à la Russie, dont le schéma est emprunté à la pensée de Gramsci apparait assez convainquant et rend compte assez exactement des oscillations du président russe.
Philippe Meirieu, figure centrale du "pédagogisme" selon ses adversaires, a accordé un long entretien dans le numéro de mars de la revue Causeur. Le professeur Jean-Paul Brighelli lui répond ici avec sa verve habituelle.
Christian Harbulot fondateur de l'École de guerre économique en conférence pour le Cercle Aristote. L'orateur est très pédagogue, son thème : "La stratégie de l'intox" et la guerre de l'information qui lui permettent de passer en revue toutes les polémiques intellectuelles et culturelles qui ont émaillé les années de guerre froide comme autant de conflits d'influence et de contre-influence narrative. Une réalité devenue massive aujourd'hui et ou les Américains sont passés maitre comme on l'a vu entreautres dans les révolutions colorées.
Conférence de Pascal Gauchon, directeur de l'excellente revue Conflits, sur le thème suivant : "Qui détient la puissance dans le monde actuel ?".
Loin des slogans l'émission Les idées à l'endroit pose la question des communautés et du communautarisme. Animée par Alain de Benoist et Olivier François cette émission de télé libertés recevait le très brillant Michel Maffesoli, Vincent Coussedière et Julien Rochedy.
le mêmeVincent Coussedière publie ce mois-ci Le retour du peuple, An I aux éditions du Cerf
Alain de Benoist sur Boulevard Voltaire pronostique l'effondrement de l'Union européenne et déclare que le plus grand tort qui fut la sienne a été de discréditer l'idée même de l'Europe.
Sur Radio Courtoisie Paul-Marie Coûteaux recevait le 15/03/2016 dans la seconde partie de son club de la presse Alain de Benoist et Jean-Yves Le Gallou. Le débat portait essentiellement sur le succès de l'AfD, sur les "réfugiés", l'immigration et le chantage turc, le renouveau de la pensée catholique (privatisée) en France, les bobards d'or distribués aux médias de propagande.
Les précieuses ridicules des Inrocks surenchérissent dans un politiquement correct de cornichons que relève fort justement l'Observatoire des Journalistes et de l'Information Médiatique (OJIM).
Nouvelle livraison de la revue trimestrielle Krisis. Cette fois-ci un numéro consacré à l'Amérique. Ci-joint le sommaire.
À propos de ce numéro de Krisis, signalons que son rédacteur en chef Thibault Isabel a publié le 8 mars un entretien entièrement consacré à l'Amérique sur le site de Rébellion.
Vidéo de la conférence donnée à Lille en janvier dernier sur le thème de l'identité par Thibault Isabel et Alain de Benoist.
Dans les Chronique de la Vieille Europe, sur Radio Courtoisie, Patrick Péhèle recevait le linguiste Gérard Conio pour son livre Théologie de la provocation, causes et enjeux préfacé par Michel Onfray. Slavophone, Conio développe une pensée de l'Est qui s'affirme comme telle et revient sur les catastrophes qui ont secoué le cours du XX siècle et ont nourri le nihilisme européen dont le socialisme effectivement réalisé interprété ici à travers les concepts chrétiens. Très riche entretien.
Pour Hervé Juvin le sacre de l'individu désirant sans aucune limitation a fait sortir la modernité de ses gonds. Il plaide ici pour une redécouverte de la communauté contre l'individu sans racine.
Deux contributions d'Alain de Benoist sur Boulevard Voltaire.
Jean-Pierre Le Goff était l'invité d'Élisabeth Quin sur Arte pour son émission 28 minutes. Dans ce temple de la bobocratie il fait montre d'un ton pour le moins décalé mais n'a droit malheureusement qu'aux 12 premières minutes. Son discours est dans ce lieu visiblement non gratta.
Le 7 mars ce même Jean-Pierre Le Goff était l'invité de l'émission d'Olivier de Lagarde Un monde d'idées sur France-info. Il y fait le procès d'une Europe confite en droit-de-l'hommisme, sortie de l'histoire et persuadée que la compréhension des lois du marché est suffisante pour assurer une bonne "gouvernance". En bref d'après lui l'Europe angélique se détruit dans la croyance religieuse au progrès, dans la repentance et dans la dénégation d'elle-même.
Michel Onfray contre les totems. Un long article du Point sur ce magnifique tribun de la plèbe opposé par toutes ses fibres à la "gauche libérale" qui n'est selon lui que de papier mâché. Il célèbre par ailleurs "l'excellent Jean-Pierre Le Goff". On lui pardonnera aisément quelques glissades innocentes sur l'islam et son interprétation de la France de Vichy qui n'est pas de notre goût mais qui n'était sûrement pas "libérale".
Michèle Tribalat, démographe honnête, plaide pour une réhabilitation des statistiques ethniques contre ceux qui se refusent à voir ce qu'ils voient.
Affaire Kamel Daoud, l'Algérien courageux pour qui les faits sont d'autant plus têtus qu'ils sont avérés et qui bien entendu se heurte à une misérable escouade de bonnes consciences pétitionnaires. Le point de vue de Laurent Bouvet, suivi de celui du premier ministre Manuel Valls retranscrit par Marc Cohen de Causeur mais aussi ceux de Brice Couturier de France culture et de Jean-Paul Brighelli.
Outre ce concert d'éloge, on peut lire sur Boulevard Voltaire cette mise au point de Caroline Artus qui rompt avec le consensus national-républicain en pointant les approximations pour le moins aventurées de Kamel Daoud.
Maxime Chaix sur la Syrie
Maxime Chaix sur BHL et la Libye.
Nikola Mirkovic fait le point sur l'élection de Hahim Thaci à la tête du Kosovo, entité mafieuse et protectorat de l'OTAN.
Discours de Tomislav Sunic prononcé le 20 février lors d'une manifestation des Identitaires autrichiens à Klagenfurt à l'encontre de l'immigration de masse issue d'Afrique et du Proche-Orient. Se prévalant de sa connaissance des sociétés multiculturelles (bric à brac de l'ex-Yougoslavie, États-Unis), l'orateur pronostique une fin de l'Europe plongée dans le chaos ethnique.
L'Europe prisonnière de la russophobie ukrainienne et atlantiste sacrifie ses industries agroalimentaires au profit de la bonne pensée.
Mimant le célèbre slogan stalinien Georges Feltin-Tracol se réclame de Serge Latouche tout en critiquant son irénisme au nom du politique selon Julien Freund. Si ce pseudo irénisme se ramène à la volonté de ne pas voir se ré-éditer les hiérarchies figées de l'Ancien Régime, nous le faisons volontiers nôtre. Mais il est vrai que ce qui demeure béant dans la décroissance, c'est en effet son occultation de l'idée de puissance. Or dans le monde tel qu'il est cette éclipse utopique risque bien de s'avérer mortelle. Article de Feltin-Tracol puis référence au dernier numéro (mars) de la Décroissance qui marque bien les évolutions positives de ce courant d'idées vers un anti-libéralisme accompli en se faisant l'écho des analyses de Jean-Claude Michéa.
Bel hommage tout de retenue et de sobriété à Emmanuel Ratier fondateur, entre mille autres choses, de la lettre d'information et d'investigation Faits & Documents. Cérémonie publique (850 personnes) enregistrée par télé Libertés le 19 septembre 2015. Parmi les intervenants, Fabrice Lesade, maitre de cérémonie, Arnaud Soyez, Anne Brassié, Henry de Lesquen, Marc Laudelout, Éric Delcroix, Francis Cousin, Patrick Péhèle, Jean-Yves Le Gallou. La fille ainée d'Emmanuel conclue magnifiquement la séance.
Michel Drac dans une conférence prononcée à Dijon réfléchit sur la France face au mondialisme. Seules les puissances dominantes d'une époque donnée ont intérêt à jouer l'unification mondiale et donc à agiter l'idéologie mondialiste qui tend à dénier aux échelons inférieurs (les nations) un rôle quelconque dans l'organisation du monde.
Au coeur d'une tempête d'apparence littéraire mais de facture réellement politique, Richard Millet est définitivement viré du comité de lecture de Gallimard pour cause de trop grande indépendance d'esprit.
Dans Causeur Jean-Paul Brighelli prend habilement la défense de Richard Millet et tance le réflexe pavlovien et l'esprit de meute de ceux qui s'érigent en censeurs et cultivent l'esprit stalinien des listes de proscrits.
Dans Marianne, un article révélateur sur la manière idyllique dont les manuels scolaires traitent de l'immigration. Quand la dénégation du réel relève du bourrage de crâne et de l'ahurissement car l'immigration est présentée comme un phénomène modeste, stable, régulé, inévitable, nécessaire et finalement bénéfique pour tous par le brassage des cultures qu'elle induit.
Les "antifa" du Forez dument corrigés par les étudiants qui veulent entendre ce que l'africaniste Bernard a à leur dire. La soirée se termine en une réjouissante chasse au dahut des gauchistes du capital.
Lors du récent tribunal dinatoire du CRIF son président, Roger Cukierman, s'est laissé aller à une étrange déclaration de nature "essentialiste". Il a en effet prononcé ces fortes paroles : " Nous sommes l'un des très rares groupes humains qui ait réussi à préserver sa singularité à travers les siècles". Assistaient à ce dîner de cons nombre de membres du gouvernement et de l'opposition; aucun d'entre eux n'a, semble-t-il, émis de protestation pour cette injure infligée au dogme très en vogue parmi eux d'une nécessaire hybridation des cultures. Des esprit mal embouchés pourraient penser que le métissage n'est pas fait pour tout un chacun et que certain par une sorte de décret de la divine providence aurait le devoir d'y échapper.
À l'opposé si l'on ose dire, comment ces mêmes politiques jugeraient-ils ce texte s'il était soumis à leur lecture, paru d'abord chez Polémia et repris par Matapo-infos ?
Ré-édition des mémoire d'un magicien de Hjalmar Schacht chez Kontre Kulture.
Colloque de l'Institut Iliade le 9 avril 2016. Titre et programme des interventions.
Présentation de l'événement (vidéo)
Un tournant majeure dans le traitement médiatique de la crise syrienne en France. France 2 revient "honnêtement" sur la guerre civile, ses origines, ses enjeux et ses finalités. Interviewant des "experts" indépendants le documentaire se livre à une ré-interprétation de certains des événements qui ont marqué cette guerre et leur donne une lecture qui aurait été jugée comme "révisionniste" il y a quelques semaines encore. En fin de séquence cependant on n'échappe pas à l'épisode lacrymal sur les "réfugiés". L'émission était programmée jeudi 18 février en fin de soirée.
Chronique d'Éric Zemmour sur RTL consacrée au désengagement américain en Syrie. "En se retirant de ce guêpier, Obama rend service au monde", proclame-t-il avec raison.
Roland Hureaux, haut fonctionnaire, tance dans cette vidéo l'imposture et la responsabilité des gouvernements occidentaux concernant les affaires syriennes et dénonce le "bobardement" médiatique qui a précédé et qui accompagne le chaos occasionné par la guerre civile. Comment peut-on prétendre combattre ici le djihadisme alors que l'on le soutient sur place ?
Le point sur la situation en Syrie. Entretien avec Fabrice Balanche spécialiste du Proche Orient et membre du Washington Institute. Un autre de Valérie Toranian, directrice de la Revue des deux mondes.
Ivan Blot fait le point sur la situation en Ukraine et revient sur certains événements récents occultés par la presse occidentale jusqu'au documentaire de Paul Moreira diffusé sur Canal plus il y a quelques jours (Ukraine, les masques de la révolution) dont nous-nous étions fait l'écho.
Vive le Brexit ! Une intervention de Hajnalka Vincze, spécialiste hongroise de géo-stratégie établie en Suisse. Collaboratrice régulière du site Theatrum Belli.
Le martyr d'Anne Frank utilisé pour que l'inusable culpabilité allemande la porte à recevoir décemment tous les "réfugiés" qui se présentent à ses frontières. Nazifier la contestation de l'immigration, telle est la dernière recette de ceux qui y trouvent leur avantage. Une technique immuable.
La désinformation : un enjeu stratégique. François-Bernard Huygue répond à l'IRIS à propos de son livre La désinformation. Les armes du Faux paru chez Armand Colin
En Europe plus les populations immigrées seront importantes et plus la séparation entre les communautés sera grande. Une implacable démonstration de Roland Hureaux contre les bons sentiments et les politiques d'accueil généreuses qui demeurent le b.a. Ba de l'Union européenne et de nombreux gouvernements pour aboutir au total à une Europe ghettoïsée, conflictuelle et autoritaire. Un parfait exemple d'hétérotélie (Jules Monnerot).
Pour Françoise Bonardel, professeur émérite de philosophie à la Sorbonne et spécialiste des doctrines hermétistes, la diabolisation du "repli sur soi" témoigne en fait d'une incapacité à penser et à vivre sans heurt la tension toujours vive du dehors et du dedans, réduite à une simple et stérile alternative entre ouverture et fermeture, générosité et égoïsme, courage et peur. belle démonstration contre un topique de l'époque.
Pour Maxime Tandonnet l'espace Schengen est déjà derrière nous. Tandonnet est haut fonctionnaire, ancien responsable des problèmes d'immigration dans le cabinet présidentiel de Nicolas Sarkozy.
Révolte populaire contre l'afflux des "migrants" (en réalité des clandestins). Les soldats d'Odin patrouillent en Finlande .
Jean-Paul Brighelli à propos de la Corse et du football. Des réflexions qui vont droit au but.
Jacques Sapir; retours vers Mélenchon ? À la condition cependant que celui ci libéré du carcan des manoeuvres d'appareil fasse au deuxième tour des présidentielles où il ne parviendrait pas, le choix de faire voter pour un et surtout une candidate souverainiste...
"Le dernier des païens ?" Christopher Gérard fait une critique très positive du dernier livre de Marcel Conche, Épicure en Corrèze (Stock).
La lutte des classes en action. Un article décapant de Frédéric Lordon dans Le Monde Diplomatique à propos du film de François Ruffin Merci patron ! Ruffin est le fondateur du journal Fakir. Les Klur héros bien malgré eux de ce film offrent un résumé du système néo-libéral dans toute sa perfection de laminoir des classes populaires. En attendant les autres.
Le président du Conseil national des Républicains, Luc Chatel, déclare dans une envolée dépourvue du moindre lyrisme que son parti est celui des OGM et du gaz de schiste. Bien entendu, tout cela au nom de "l'innovation". Nous voici prévenus. Première référence : les fait puisés dans un article de 20 minutes. Seconde référence : l'avis éclairé de Gaultier Bès, l'un des animateurs de la revue Limite.
"Lire les signes avant-coureurs de ce qui vient", voilà la légitimité que confère Alain de Benoist au travail des intellectuels dans sa chronique du Boulevard Voltaire.
Jean-Pierre Le Goff pense que nous assistons à la fin d'un cycle historique. Dans un entretien à France Culture à propos de son dernier livre Malaise dans la démocratie il s'exprime sur l'abus des lois, l'épuisement du "gauchisme culturel" (toujours hégémonique dans les grands médias), une gauche qui reconnait la réalité à reculons, le court-termisme, l'érosion des problématiques sociales au profit des thématiques sociétales qui ont été l'occasion pour les couches populaires de déserter la gauche au bénéfice du Front National, l'accentuation de la fracture au sein d'un peuple qui ne supporte plus les leçons de morale que lui infligent les élites, le manque d'audace de la pensée par rapport aux gardiens du dogme coupés du réel, la destruction du terreau anthropologique qui vise transversalement aussi bien la gauche que la droite, le festivisme ambiant (tout phénomène pour être légitimé doit être "convivial" et "festif"), il distingue quatre types de fête qui sont les fêtes de la "transgression banalisée", les fêtes événementielles et institutionnalisées, les fêtes écologiques et enfin les fêtes du passé revisité liées à la passion mémoriale et patrimoniale le tout correspondant à l'évolution de l'individualisme, d'une part compétitif et performant et de l'autre extrêmement fragile. Le Goff critique l'angélisme et cette appétence à vivre dans une bulle hors de l'épreuve du réel. On lira, par ailleurs de lui, dans le dernier numéro de la revue Le Débat (janvier-février 2016) son excellente définition du conservatisme.
Sur Radio Courtoisie, Arnaud Guyot-Jeannin recevait le 9 février Christian Brosio rédacteur en chef adjoint des pages Histoire de Valeurs actuelles), Thibault Isabel (rédacteur en chef de la revue Krisis), David L'Épée (journaliste à Éléments, Krisis et Rébellion) et Bruno Saint-Ellier sur la question : "Existe-t-il un socialisme opposé à la gauche ?" à partir du contenu de la dernière livraison de la revue Krisis. Le thème de cette bonne émission didactique pourrait être illustrée a contrario par le titre révélateur du livre de Manuel Valls pour en finir avec le vieux socialisme... et être enfin de gauche. Podcast disponible.
Qui finance les "no borders" qui se sont illustrés à Calais récemment ? Où l'on voit que les idiots utiles du système font semblant de manquer de flair sinon de flouze.
NOVOpress, agence de presse des Identitaires, tresse des compliments au journal La décroissance.
Toujours plus loin avec l'anthropologue Jean-Loup Amselle. Cette fois ci il élargit son bêtisier et propose de laisser tomber le principe de nationalité !
Une excellente chronique de réflexion sur la géopolitique telle qu'elle se donne à voir en Syrie. D'après Alexis Feertchak, le président russe Wladimir Poutine a su se rendre indispensable à tout règlement politique de la guerre civile qui se déroule dans ce malheureux pays, empêchant les occidentaux et leurs alliés arabes et turcs de demeurer les seuls maitres du jeu.
La responsabilité de la CIA dans le conflit syrien épinglée par le New York Times. La presse américaine dévoile que l'agence a bien soutenu tous les groupes djihadistes.
Xavier Moreau fait un bilan de l'intervention russe en Syrie.
Sur la situation en Syrie, article certes orienté, mais pas plus que ceux qui nous sont livrés quotidiennement par la presse occidentale mainstream.
Un programme présidentiel commun idéal afin d'assurer la victoire de "peuple de droite". Philippe Baccou de la fondation Polémia détaille à partir des sondages ce que désirent la grande majorité des électeurs.
Urbanisme/architecture, comment remédier à la France moche ?
Dans l'émission "Zemmour & Naulleau" sur Paris Première consacrée à la question "L'armée est-elle à bout de souffle ?", le général Vincent Desportes tient un discours fort responsable sur la nécessaire adéquation entre budget militaire et volonté d'être présent sur la scène internationale.
Sous l'intitulé "Le ministère de la vérité : Orwell l'a imaginé, Najat l'a créé !" NOVOpress s'en prend à la campagne gouvernementale qui vise selon elle, sous prétexte de lutter contre les théories du complot, argument qui fait autorité chez toute personne raisonnable, à imposer la vision du monde du pouvoir libéral-social-démocrate.
Déradicalisation. Le terme est pour le moins mal choisi. Ce qu'il signifie étymologiquement c'est un refus des racines et de l'esprit critique poussé jusqu'au bout. Si c'est effectivement le but que s'assigne le gouvernement nous ne pouvons que nous opposer à ces mesures. Pour notre part nous demeurons résolument "radical" dans la mesure où nous estimons que peu de choses doivent être conservées du monde tel qu'il va. En ce sens la radicalité n'a rien à voir avec l'embrigadement messianique et celle-ci n'est pas propre aux jeunes musulmans originaires de l'immigration, fort heureusement. On pourrait tout aussi bien soutenir que le gouvernement poursuit lui aussi une entreprise de radicalistion en poussant subrepticement et toujours plus loin la libéralisation de la société.
Jihadisme, "pas-d'amalgamisme" et "rien-à-voirisme". François-Bernard Huygues se moque de l'aveuglement volontaire dont font preuve l'ensemble des médias et nos hommes politiques. Directeur de recherche à l'IRIS, Huygues vient de publier La désinformation. Les armes du faux chez Armand Colin.
À l'heure où les "écologistes" reçoivent leur juste rétribution sous forme de maroquins précaires pour avoir renoncé définitivement à l'écologie au profit de simples ambitions politiciennes qu'incarne magnifiquement un Jean-Vincent Placé. Ainsi va la passion de la gamelle. Un tweet ironique disait à ce propos que sa nomination montre qu'un esprit libre, intransigeant, refusant les contorsions ou les compromis, est toujours récompensé... Plutôt que de gloser sur le Titanic gouvernemental on s'intéressera au séminaire que le Front National a tenu le week-end dernier et dont David Desgouilles tire pour Causeur des leçons que nous faisons nôtres.
Dans sa chronique matitudinale du 11 février Éric Zemmour s'en prend avec ironie au monde agricole français qui, en proie à une concurrence internationale et dérégulée n'a pas même l'élégance de mourir en silence.
Entretien sur la crise financière. Paul Jorion sur France Info le vendredi 12 février.
Communiqué de presse de l'Institut Iliade à propos de son colloque du 9 avril 2016 Face à l'assaut migratoire, le réveil de la conscience européenne.
Frédéric Rouvillois, professeur de droit public questionne dans un Zoom de Télé-Libertés les nombreux paradoxes de la "République" que notre époque conjugue à toutes les sauces et montre qu'il s'agit d'un concept flou voire ectoplasmique. Frédéric Rouvillois est l'auteur du livre Être ou ne pas être républicain paru aux éditions du Cerf fin 2015.
Excipant de l'exemple du modèle serbo-croate et de sa réforme radicale au XIX siècle, Slobodan Despot juge, à l'encontre des "réactionnaires", que la suppression partielle de l'accent circonflexe n'affectera guère la langue française et se moque gentiment de ceux qui considèrent que l'orthographe c'était mieux avant.
La chronique d'Éric Zemmour du 9 février est consacrée à la victoire des troupes régulière de l'armée arabe syrienne à Alep. Il y voit une défaite pour les "droits-de-l'hommistes", les "utopistes", "les anti-Poutine, les anti-Assad, tous les BHL sur papier glacé et grand écran, qui ont rêvé de transformer la Syrie en une seconde Libye".
Louis-Georges Tin, président du CRAN (Conseil Représentatif des Associations Noires) accuse Alain Finkielkraut et Éric Zemmour d'avoir diffusé un poison dans la société française qui a largement contribué à envenimer les rapports sociaux. Le CRAN nous dit-il est aussi sur le front de l'anticolonialisme, d'où ses exigence réparatrices pour la colonisation et l'esclavage. En bon trans-froniériste il exige le droit d'immigrer où bon lui se
|MfD: Police check why CEZ gave money to Albanian lobbyist|
The Czech police are looking into why the CEZ power utility, in which the state has a majority stake, sent a total of seven million euros to the private account of Kosovo lobbyist Nue Kalaj in 2009, daily Mlada fronta Dnes writes today. Albanian authorities suspect that the money may have been used to bribe Albanian politicians and offices shortly after CEZ gained control of the Albanian power distributor, MfD writes.
polju, gdje Bozur cvjeta,
krvlju je nasom natopljen davno,
to nas cv’jece na junake sjeca,
sto padose za Kosovo ravno.
Jos se jecaj na Kosovu cuje,
jecaj majke sto za sina moli,
drzi sv’jecu i ikonu ljubi,
srpsku majku jos uvijek boli.
muce, otimaju, lome;
uzeli bi sto im ne pripada,
da svetinju prepustimo drugom,
moze tudjin samo da se nada.
Mi ne damo ono sto je nase,
nek’ prijete I kidaju glave,
da cuvamo sto je srca dio,
osta zavet od Svetoga Save
|Le famiglie degli scomparsi in Kosovo esigono la verità||Una conferenza di due giorni è in programma questa settimana a Ginevra per rilanciare le ricerche e l'identificazione di 1658 persone scomparse durante la guerra in Kosovo (1998-1999). In tale ambito, le famiglie delle vittime serbe e kosovare si sono unite per spingere le autorità locali e internazionali a superare i blocchi e la cattiva volontà politica. “Noi, madri, padri, mogli, mariti, fratelli, sorelle, figlie, figli e tutti gli altri famigliari di persone scomparse (...) non riposeremo fino a quando sarà chiarita la sorte di ogni persona scomparsa. Da 18 anni, ogni giorno è un giorno di agonia per ciascuno di noi”. Inizia così l'appello congiunto firmato il 21 giugno dalle famiglie serbe e kosovare di donne e uomini scomparsi durante la guerra in Kosovo (1998-1999). Ciò che chiedono ancora una volta, è che i resti dei loro parenti, nella maggior parte dei casi uccisi, vengano restituiti a loro e che venga fatta luce su questi crimini. L'appello congiunto è stato ...|
|US: Kosovo consulate driver in NYC arrested for selling arms||The driver of the Kosovo consulate in New York is among those recently arrested for money laundering, extortion, and international arms trafficking. The suspect, Albert Veliu, is also described as “a close associate” of several officials of the Democratic Party of Kosovo (PDK). New York media said that Veliu was arrested along with seven other […]|
|Langer fick nollan som laget behövde|
En underlig tillställning – men Langer höll tätt och hjälpte IFK till ett fint utgångsläge inför Kosovoresan.
|LIVE: IFK möter Prishtina|
IFK:s resa mot nya europaäventyr börjar idag, torsdag, med hemmamötet mot Prishtina från Kosovo.
|Le Kosovo face à la menace d'un blocage politique||Les résultats officiels des élections législatives au Kosovo, proclamés jeudi, laissent présager d'un blocage politique dans ce petit pays des Balkans.|
|Commenti su Conad Adriatico punta su Sud Italia, Albania e Kosovo di catia||Sono lieta di leggere notizie confortanti.
Nuove aperture commerciali vuol dire nuove assunzioni, non solo, ma anche far girare l'economia.
|«Boro et Ramiz», la voix des disparus du Kosovo||Une conférence de deux jours tenue au Palais des Nations à Genève a cherché à sortir de l’enlisement les travaux de recherche des dépouilles de victimes de la guerre du Kosovo. 1658 personnes n’ont toujours pas été retrouvées. Un Albanais et un Serbe de Mitrovica, Bajram Qerkinaj et Milorad Trifunovic, coopèrent pour permettre aux familles de faire leur deuil|
|Worshippers Throng Pristina's Historic Mosque For Holiday Prayers||Muslims around the world are celebrating Eid al-Fitr, the festival that follows the fasting during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. In Kosovo's capital, Pristina, worshippers attended festive prayers on June 25 at Sultan Mehmet Fatih Mosque, built under Ottoman rule in the 15th century. A holiday sermon was delivered by Naim Ternava, the grand mufti of Kosovo. (RFE/RL's Balkan Service)|
|Kosovo Charges Nine With Plotting Terror Attacks In Balkans||Kosovo charged nine men on June 15 with plotting terror attacks in Kosovo and at a World Cup soccer match between Israel and Albania last year.|
|Kosovars Vote In Snap Elections||Voters in Kosovo headed to the polls on June 11 to cast ballots in early parliamentary elections. RFE/RL footage shows early voters in Pristina, among whom was Kosovo's Central Election Commission chief, Valdete Daka. (RFE/RL's Balkan Service)|
|,,Ako bi Bošković krenuo na Kosovo, morao bi prvo da se obračuna sa ljudima u CG”||Niko, za tako kratko vrijeme na mjestu ministra, nije obrukao vojsku Crne Gore, kako to ,,temeljno” radi Predrag Bošković, ocijenili su iz Demokratskog fronta. “Nakon što je 24. marta, na godišnjicu agresije NATO-a na SRJ, zabranio građanima da odaju poštu žrtvama iz 1999. godine, sada je otišao i korak dalje – nudeći NATO-u malene crnogorske ...|
|BOONE, Iowa—Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) President Rob Denson and Major General Timothy Orr, Adjutant General of the Iowa National Guard, recently presented a DMACC medallion to Hashim Thaçi president of the Republic of Kosovo. The custom-made medallion was created by DMACC’s Tool and Die students. Denson, Orr, Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey […]|
|Le patriarche de Serbie Irénée à célébré le jour de la saint Vit (« Vidovdan »), fête nationale serbe, au monastère de Gračanica et au « Gazimestan » monument situé sur le « Champ des merles » au Kosovo||À l’occasion de l’anniversaire de la bataille du « Champ des merles » qui opposa les Serbes et les Ottomans en 1389, et qui est commémorée le 28 juin, jour de la saint Vit (ou saint Guy), le patriarche de Serbie Irénée a célébré la liturgie au monastère de Gračanica, au Kosovo. Il était assisté par l’évêque ...|
|Perché Siamo Così Ipocriti sulla Guerra?|| |
La guerra non è solo manifestazione di potenza e spietatezza, essa nasconde anche l'inganno e l'ipocrisia.
Da sempre. Era falso il pretesto della guerra di Troia, Elena, per la quale non valeva certo la pena di intraprendere una spedizione di guerra e dieci anni di assedio. Era falso il pretesto dell'incidente del Tonchino che ha dato l'avvio alla guerra del Vietnam.
Era falso il massacro di Racak del 1999 che ha fornito il pretesto per la guerra in Kosovo.
Era falso il pretesto delle armi di distruzioni di massa di Saddam che nel 2003, in piena guerra afghana, ha aperto un secondo conflitto portando l'America al collasso d'immagine ed economico. Anche la pace è un pretesto ormai abusato e ipocrita.
Gli interventi militari diventano più accettabili se vengono declinati in tutte le salse inglesi usando il prefisso "Peace": keeping, making, enforcing, building, enhancing, support operations ecc.
Il termine "umanitario" esprime di per sé ipocrisia da quando ciò che si chiamava correttamente Diritto bellico è diventato Diritto umanitario.
Sono ipocrite anche le scuse umanitarie addotte per far la guerra a Gheddafi, non per quello che gli si è addebitato, che è tutto vero, ma per quello che si è taciuto sulla connivenza di chi lo ha difeso e persino di chi lo ha accusato. Mini pone cinque domande sulla guerra. A tutte risponde forte della sua esperienza e non fa sconti a nessuno.
|Gli Errori dell'Impero Americano|| |
Un saggio pungente e autorevole sulle relazioni internazionali degli Stati Uniti negli ultimi anni, a partire dalla fine della Guerra Fredda ad oggi. Nel 1989 gli USA risultarono vincitori della Guerra Fredda: ma si ponevano vari e inquietanti interrogativi: gli Stati Uniti avrebbero potuto resistere di fronte a poteri commerciali più influenti? Erano forse dei finanziamenti stranieri quelli che consentivano la loro indiscussa superiorità militare?
|I Signori del Crimine|| I signori del crimine guadagnano somme esorbitanti dal traffico di armi, droga ed estorsioni. I crimini da loro commessi nel Kosovo superano in ferocia quelli perpetrati in Bosnia e altri paesi: decine di migliaia di uomini, donne e bambini morti sotto tortura. Sono gangster divenuti capi di Stato che continuano a condurre guerre per eliminare completamente la nostra democrazia faticosamente guadagnata.|
|Human Rights Watch Country Profiles: Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity|
The following are excerpts from the Human Rights Watch 2017 World Report that relate to the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people. The report, released in January 2017, documented events of 2016. In some cases, we have added updates from the first half of 2017.
The countries are all listed below in alphabetical order. This compilation is not comprehensive. If a country is not listed, that means there was no mention of LGBTI/SOGI issues for that country in the 2017 World Report. For example, many of the smaller Caribbean countries and some African countries are omitted due to research limitations, but most have anti-LGBT laws on the books and pervasive homophobia and transphobia. On the other hand, several countries that are not included here made progress in the 2016-2017 period: Belize, Nauru and the Seychelles all decriminalized consensual same-sex conduct, for example. Human Rights Watch has only recently begun investigating the rights of intersex people, so there are few references to intersex rights.
This is a living document which will be updated regularly to reflect new events and further Human Rights Watch research.
Last updated: June 23, 2017
In 2010, Argentina became the first Latin American country to legalize same-sex marriage. The Civil Marriage Law allows same-sex couples to enter into civil marriages and affords them the legal protections of marriage enjoyed by opposite sex couples, including adoption rights and pension benefits. Since 2010, nearly 15,000 same-sex couples have married nationwide. In 2012, the landmark Gender Identity Law established the right of individuals over the age of 18 to choose their gender identity, undergo gender reassignment, and revise official documents without any prior judicial or medical approval.
Activists reported that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LBGTI) people face discrimination, harassment, and violence. The government has not addressed hate speech or discrimination against LGBTI people. Gender identity and sexual orientation are not included as protected grounds in anti-discrimination or hate speech laws, limiting legal recourse for many crimes against LGBTI people. Following the October 2015 Rainbow forum, organized by Armenian LGBTI-friendly groups to discuss protection and promotion of minority rights, anonymous people targeted some participants with intimidation and threats, mostly on social media, including to burn and kill them. Authorities refused to launch a criminal investigation into the threats, citing lack of evidence. In June 2016, the LGBT rights group, PINK Armenia, published a survey revealing that 90 percent of the population is hostile to LGBTI people and support limits on their rights. In July 2016, PINK Armenia released a report documenting 46 cases of violence and discrimination against LGBTI people in 2015. The government has not taken meaningful steps to combat stereotypes and discrimination against LGBTI people.
Australia does not recognize the right of same-sex couples to marry. The Australian government announced a plebiscite on the right of same-sex couples to marry, but political opponents blocked it, arguing a plebiscite is expensive and wasteful and that the issue should be determined by a parliamentary free vote.
Australia continued its policy of intercepting asylum seekers and forcibly transferring them to Nauru and, until 2016, to Manus Island in Papua New Guinea. Asylum seekers or refugees perceived to be lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, or intersex (LGBTI) face harassment and abuse despite the recent decriminalization of same-sex conduct in Nauru. In Papua New Guinea, such conduct remains criminalized.
Bangladesh witnessed a spate of violent attacks against secular bloggers, academics, gay rights activists, foreigners, and members of religious minorities in 2016. Prominent gay activists Xulhaz Mannan, the founder of Roopbaan, Bangladesh’s first lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) magazine, and Mahbub Rabby Tonoy, the general secretary of the group, were murdered in April. Al-Qaeda in the Indian Subcontinent (AQIS) claimed responsibility for the killings. Fearing for their lives, many LGBT activists sought temporary refuge outside the country.
“Carnal intercourse against the order of nature” carries a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison. In May 2017, police raided a private gathering of gay and bisexual men, and allegedly paraded them in front of media, exposing them to their families and the public. Authorities said they declined to press charges under the colonial-era sodomy law because they did not catch the men in the act of sexual intercourse. The government has twice rejected recommendations to repeal the colonial-era law during its Universal Periodic Review at the UN Human Rights Council. The Bangladesh cabinet in 2014 declared legal recognition of a third gender category for hijras—a traditional cultural identity for transgender people who, assigned male at birth, do not identify as men—but the absence of a definition of the term or procedure for gaining recognition of third gender status led to abuses in implementation of the legal change. In June and July 2015, a group of hijras were subjected to harassment and invasive and abusive physical examinations at a government hospital as a requirement to join a government employment program. The Bangladesh National Human Rights Commission in 2017 agreed with LGBT civil society groups to establish a desk at the commission for reporting SOGI-related issues.
Parliament adopted a vaguely worded bill in May 2016 on “protecting children from information harmful for their health and development.” These provisions may be used to restrict dissemination of neutral or positive information about lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people as “discrediting the institution of the family.”
In May 2016, the Plurinational Assembly passed a bill that allows people to revise the gender noted on their identification documents without prior judicial approval. Same-sex couples in Bolivia are not allowed to marry or engage in civil unions. The 2009 constitution defines marriage as the union of a man and a woman.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sarajevo Open Centre, the lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights organization, documented 23 cases of hate speech and incitement of violence and hate and two crimes and incidents motivated by prejudice on the basis of sexual orientation and/or gender identity in the first three months of 2016. The reaction of authorities to these incidents is generally inadequate. There was no progress in police investigations into the 2014 attack on a film festival that Sarajevo Open Centre organized.
In its annual progress on Bosnia and Herzegovina published in November, the European Commission highlighted the failure of authorities to amend the constitution, in breach of the European Convention on Human Rights and to implement rulings by the Constitutional Court. The report also identified inadequate legal protection for LGBTI persons and the failure of authorities to protect adequately the rights of minorities and to ensure media freedom.
Brazil’s Supreme Court approved same-sex marriage in 2011 and it upheld the right of same-sex couples to adopt children in 2015. But the Chamber of Deputies was, at time of writing, debating a bill that would define a family as a union between a man and a woman. The national Human Rights Ombudsman’s Office received 1,983 complaints of violence, discrimination, and other abuses experienced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in 2015. In the first half of 2016 the ombudsman received 879 such complaints.
Burma’s national penal code criminalizes consensual same-sex behavior between adult men. In recent years police have arrested gay men and transgender women assembling in public places, and politicians have called for the “education” of gay people.
Cameroon’s penal code punishes “sexual relations between persons of the same sex” with up to five years in prison. The law is regularly enforced, and in previous years, the Cameroonian authorities have subjected men arrested under this law to forced anal examinations. Although the number of arrests appeared to decrease for several years, activists reported a new uptick in arrests and prosecutions in 2016.
A “civil union” bill presented by former President Sebastián Piñera in 2011 that provides legal recognition and protection for same-sex couples became law in April 2015 and went into effect in October 2015. In September 2016, the Senate Human Rights Commission approved a bill to recognize the gender identity of transgender people, with a Senate vote expected in December.
China has no law protecting people from discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity, and there is no legal recognition of same-sex partnership. Possibly because their activism is not considered threatening to the state, LGBT individuals enjoyed some success advancing legal cases in 2016. In January, a Hunan court heard a case filed by Sun Wenlin against the local Bureau of Civil Affairs, which had refused to marry Sun and his male partner. Though the court ruled against Sun in April, his case—the first gay marriage lawsuit accepted by Chinese courts—attracted wide media attention. In June, a Henan court accepted a case filed by Yu Hu against a mental health hospital that had subjected him to 19 days of involuntary “therapy” to “cure” his homosexuality. Also in June, a Guangdong university student, Qiu Bai, sued the provincial education department over textbooks that depict homosexuality as an illness. Qiu filed a similar suit in 2015, though she withdrew it later because the department had promised to look into the matter. She decided to sue again after the authorities’ pledge failed to materialize. In June, China voted against a UN resolution creating an expert post dedicated to addressing violence and discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity.
In September 2016, the Council of the State—one of Colombia’s high courts—annulled the 2012 re-election of Alejandro Ordoñez as the country’s inspector general and dismissed him from office. Under Colombian law, the inspector general is charged with protecting human rights, but during his seven years in office, Ordoñez repeatedly sought to undermine the rights of women and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people.
In recent years, authorities in Colombia have taken several steps to recognize the rights of LGBT people. In June 2015, the Justice Ministry issued a decree allowing people to revise the gender noted on their identification documents without prior judicial approval. In November 2015, the Constitutional Court ruled that sexual orientation could not be used to prohibit someone from adopting a child, although a legislative proposal to hold a referendum on this issue remained pending at time of writing. In April 2016, the Constitutional Court upheld the right of same-sex couples to marry. In October 2016, FARC leaders met with conservative politicians and agreed to promote a definition of the family as formed by a man and a woman. The FARC backtracked after meeting with LGBT representatives days later. Conservative politicians and evangelist leaders had attacked the peace agreement claiming that it would “destroy families.” Between January and June 2016, the Ombudsman’s Office received 89 reports of cases of violence against LGBTI people.
No law prohibits discrimination on the grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity, or intersex status. Côte d’Ivoire does not criminalize same-sex conduct, but the criminal code establishes higher penalties for same-sex couples convicted of public acts of indecency. Two men were in November convicted of public indecency and sentenced to three-month prison terms after being accused of same-sex sexual acts. Two gay men were assaulted in June 2016 after a photo was published of them signing a book of condolences to the victims of a shooting at a gay nightclub in Florida, US.
In February, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) ruled that Croatia discriminated on grounds of sexual orientation against a woman from Bosnia and Herzegovina, by denying her the right to a residence permit in Croatia to join her female partner.
In 2016, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights ruled against Ecuador in a case determining that it is discriminatory to punish officers who allegedly have homosexual sex on military installations.
Sexual relations outside marriage are criminalized. Since 2013, authorities have pursued a campaign to intimidate, track, and arrest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, including entrapment using social media applications. Police regularly used forced anal examinations in prosecutions of those suspected of homosexual sex. Solidarity With Egypt LGBTQ+, an advocacy group, said it had recorded 114 criminal investigations involving 274 LGBT individuals launched between the end of 2013 and November 2016, 66 of which involved the authorities’ use of social media.
The government failed to adopt amendments that would allow the Co-Habitation Act to fully enter into force in 2016. The act is progressive legislation that extends the rights of marriage to unmarried—including same-sex—couples, encompassing, among other things, child adoption and property rights.
The government continued to resist calls to repeal laws that criminalize homosexuality, including an October 2014 law that introduced a series of new “aggravated homosexuality” offenses that impose sentences of up to life in prison. The criminalization of same-sex conduct leaves lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) Gambians at risk of arbitrary arrest and detention, although fewer arrests and physical abuse of LGBT Gambians were reported in 2016.
In August, President Giorgi Margvelashvili blocked a referendum bid on defining marriage as a union of a man and a woman, saying that the issue is already covered in the civil code. Kvirikashvili vowed to pursue a constitutional definition of marriage after the October elections, arguing that this would help counter alleged Western efforts to spread same-sex marriage “propaganda” in Georgia. Local rights groups feared this effort would further marginalize the LGBT community and intensify anti-LGBT prejudice. Authorities declined a request by LGBT activists to hold an event to mark International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHO) on Tbilisi’s main thoroughfare, stating it was already booked for a procession by Orthodox groups to mark Family Day, an annual event established by the Orthodox Church in 2014. Activists refused to celebrate IDAHO in the alternative venue offered. The Women’s Initiatives Supporting Group (WISG), a local LGBTI rights group, said it documented almost 20 cases of attacks against transgender people in 2016. In October, a transgender woman was beaten and stabbed in what rights groups suspected was a hate crime. Police arrested a suspect on attempted murder charges, and the public defender urged authorities to examine a possible hate motive.
Rampant crime and impunity for human rights abuses remain the norm in Honduras. Despite a downward trend in recent years, the murder rate is among the highest in the world. Journalists, peasant activists, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals are among those most vulnerable to violence.
In June 2016, several United Nations agencies working in Honduras urged the government to investigate killings of LGBTI activists and noted that sexual violence against LGBTI individuals forces them into “internal displacement” or to flee the country in search of international protection.
In August 2016, a lower court sentenced a right-wing extremist to 10 years’ imprisonment for violent attacks between 2007 and 2009, including throwing Molotov cocktails at the homes of socialist MPs and an attack on a gay bar in Budapest.
In July, the ECtHR ruled that Hungary had arbitrarily detained an Iranian gay man and failed to take into account his vulnerability in detention arising from his sexual orientation.
In February 2016, the Supreme Court of India allowed a challenge to section 377 of the penal code to proceed, referring the case to a five-judge bench. The colonial-era provision, which the court had upheld in 2013, criminalizes same-sex relations between adults. In June, several well-known LGBT professionals filed a petition in Supreme Court arguing that section 377 violates the right to life and personal liberty, but the Supreme Court deferred the petition to the Chief Justice. In August, the government introduced a new bill in parliament on the rights of transgender persons. The bill was flawed, however, by provisions that were inconsistent with the 2014 Supreme Court ruling that recognized transgender individuals as a third gender and found them eligible for quotas in jobs and education.
India’s voting record on rights issues at the UN was disappointing. In July, the government abstained on a resolution that created a UN expert post to address discrimination against LGBT persons and voted in favor of amendments to weaken the mandate, saying India’s Supreme Court was still to decide on the issue of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights.
Starting in January 2016, high-ranking Indonesian officials made a series of vitriolic anti-LGBT statements and policy pronouncements, fueling increased threats and at times violent attacks on LGBT activists and individuals. In some cases, the threats and violence occurred in the presence, and with the tacit support, of government officials or security forces. State institutions, including the National Broadcasting Commission and the National Child Protection Commission, issued censorship directives banning information and broadcasts that portrayed the lives of LGBT people as “normal” as well as so-called propaganda about LGBT lives. Ministries proposed discriminatory and regressive anti-LGBT laws. An ongoing case in the Constitutional Court is considering a petition that proposed amending the criminal code to criminalize sex outside of marriage and same-sex sexual relations. During the initial hearings, the petitioners—led by a group called the Family Love Alliance—put forward ill-informed and bigoted testimony similar to the anti-LGBT rhetoric espoused by Indonesian officials and politicians earlier that year. The government, the respondent in the case, said criminalizing sex out of wedlock would make “the sinner a criminal, and the government authoritarian,” a view echoed in testimony by the National Commission on Violence Against Women and other groups opposed to the petition. At time of writing the court had not yet ruled on the petition. While president Joko Widodo, or “Jokowi” in October 2016 declared that police must protect LGBT people and not discriminate against them, he failed to uphold that principle in action. In 2017, police raided at least two private gatherings of gay and bisexual men on the pretense of the discriminatory anti-pornography law, which construes gay sex as “deviant” and prescribes increased punishments for it, and Sharia police publicly flogged two gay men for private, consensual sex in Aceh province.
Under Iranian law, many nonviolent crimes, such as “insulting the Prophet,” apostasy, same-sex relations, adultery, and drug-related offenses, are punishable by death.
In March, the United Nations Children’s Rights Committee noted that flogging was still a lawful punishment for boys and girls convicted of certain crimes. The committee noted reports that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) children had been subjected to electric shocks to “cure” them.
ISIS’s Diwan al-Hisba (Moral Policing Administration) and online media apparatuses have publicly announced 27 executions of allegedly gay men, at least nine of them in Iraq. The main method ISIS used to execute these men has been to throw them off the roofs of high-rise buildings.
Iraq’s penal code does not prohibit same-sex intimacy, although article 394 makes it illegal to engage in extra-marital sexual relations. Due to the fact that the law does not expressly allow same-sex marriage, it effectively prohibits all same-sex relations. In July 2016 Moqtada al-Sadr, the prominent Shia opposition cleric, stated that although same-sex relationships are not acceptable, individuals who do not conform to gender norms suffer from “psychological problems,” and should not be attacked.
There are different legal systems in occupied Palestinian Territory. The British Mandate Criminal Code Ordinance, No. 74 of 1936 is in force in Gaza. In the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, the Jordanian Penal Code of 1960 applies, and does not contain provisions prohibiting adult consensual same-sex conduct. In Gaza, having “unnatural intercourse” of a sexual nature, understood to include same-sex relationships, is a crime punishable by up to 10 years in prison. In February 2016, Hamas’s armed wing executed one of its fighters ostensibly for “behavioral and moral violations,” which Hamas officials acknowledged meant same-sex relations.
As of May 2016, same-sex couples may have their relationships legally recognized as civil unions, though they do not have the right to adopt.
A bipartisan parliamentary group established in March 2015 continued to discuss legislation to address discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, but at time of writing it had yet to come up with an agreed draft bill. Japanese law treats those requesting legal recognition as transgender as having a “Gender Identity Disorder” and requires obtaining such medical diagnosis. It also requires forced sterilization, compulsory single status, not having any underage children, and being 20 years or older. While same-sex marriage is not legally recognized in Japan, Tokyo’s Shibuya ward in April 2015 became the first municipality to pass a regulation recognizing same-sex partnerships, with more municipalities recognizing such partnerships in 2016 and 2017. Bullying is a problem in Japanese schools generally, and particularly so against LGBT students. In April 2016, the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) for the first time released a guidebook for teachers regarding sexual orientation and gender identity. And in 2017, MEXT announced amendments to the national bullying prevention policy to include specific mention of LGBT students for the first time.
Jamaica is moving toward a revision of its rape law, which currently defines rape as the penetration of the vagina with the penis without consent. A proposal has been floated for a new law that is gender neutral. The absence of a gender-neutral rape law has been put forth in the past by politicians as justification for retaining Jamaica’s colonial-era “buggery” law, which criminalizes both consensual and non-consensual sex between men. The possible promulgation of a gender-neutral law on rape or sexual assault may therefore be a first step toward decriminalization of consensual same-sex conduct.
Surveys of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people reveal that many hide their sexual orientation or gender identity—including to healthcare providers—out of fear of reprisals or discrimination. When LGBT people report abuse, they often face indifference and hostility from authorities. Transgender people must undergo humiliating and invasive procedures—including coerced sterilization—to change gender on official documents. Without identity documents, transgender people struggle to access employment, healthcare, and education. The UN Human Rights Committee called on the government to end discrimination and violence against LGBT people and review gender-reassignment surgery procedures.
Kenya’s penal code prohibits “carnal knowledge against the order of nature,” generally understood as consensual sex between men, and “indecent practices between males.” Civil society organizations and activists filed two landmark constitutional petitions against these sections in April and June 2016, arguing that the laws violate constitutional rights, including the rights to equality and nondiscrimination, human dignity, freedom and security of the person, privacy, and health. Kenya continued the prosecution of two men on charges of “carnal knowledge” after police arbitrarily arrested them in Kwale County in February 2015. The case remained open but was suspended pending the ruling of a constitutional petition filed by the two men, asserting that state officials had violated their rights by subjecting them to a forced anal examination. The High Court rejected the petition on the grounds that the men consented to the examination, ignoring that the men were in police custody and not able to provide free and informed consent. The men have appealed the ruling. The government appealed a 2015 High Court decision ordering the Non-Governmental Organizations Board to register the National Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (NGLHRC), a civil society group. Parties were awaiting a hearing date at time of writing. The Kenya Film Classification Board overstepped its jurisdiction in asking YouTube to remove a locally produced video addressing same-sex relationships, prohibiting an alleged lesbian speed-dating event, and attempting to ban a podcast with alleged lesbian content.
In May 2017, the Attorney General established a “Taskforce on Policy, Legal, Institutional and Administrative Reforms Regarding Intersex Persons in Kenya.” Its mandate includes to “recommend comprehensive reforms to safeguard the interests of intersex persons.” The secretariat of the task force is based at the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights. The task force will be open to receiving submissions on best practices from around the world, and there is a strong possibility that it will result in the establishment of policies that protect the rights of intersex people. While it will not directly address SOGI related rights, the task force may produce a rights-based framework around intersex people with aspects that will be transferrable to the advancement of LGBT rights.
LGBT people in Kyrgyzstan experience ill-treatment, extortion, and discrimination by both state and non-state actors. There is widespread impunity for these abuses. On May 24, 2016, the law, order and fighting crime parliamentary committee returned Kyrgyzstan’s anti-LGBT bill, which would ban “propaganda of nontraditional sexual relations,” for a repeat second reading, where it then stalled. The bill appears aimed at silencing anyone seeking to openly share information about same-sex relations in Kyrgyzstan. Following a live debate on LGBT rights on national television, Kyrgyzstan’s State Committee on National Security on June 14 summoned the editor-in-chief of Kloop.kg, an online media portal, for questioning about its coverage of the show. The television’s supervisory board also formally reprimanded its general director for airing the content. Also in June, Kyrgyzstan voted against a resolution at the UN Human Rights Council establishing the mandate of an independent expert to address violence and discrimination against LGBT people.
According to Latvian LGBT activists, the authorities used a 2015 law on “constitutional morality education” to censor discussion about LGBT people in at least two schools in 2016.
Sexual relations outside of marriage—adultery and fornication—are criminalized under Lebanon’s penal code. Furthermore, article 534 of the penal code punishes “any sexual intercourse contrary to the order of nature” with up to one year in prison. In recent years, authorities conducted raids to arrest persons allegedly involved in same-sex conduct, some of whom were subjected to torture including forced anal examinations. In February 2016, a Syrian refugee, arrested by Lebanese Military Intelligence officers apparently on suspicion he was gay, was allegedly tortured while detained at Military Intelligence, Ministry of Defense, Military Police, and Jounieh police centers. In January 2017, a judge in Metn challenged the legal basis of the arrest of men for same-sex conduct, declaring that homosexuality is “not a criminal offence,” although under Lebanon’s legal system, the ruling does not create a binding precedent.
Discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people is pervasive in Malaysia. Article 377A of the penal code criminalizes same-sex activity between men with punishments of up to 20 years in prison and whipping. Numerous Sharia-based laws and regulations prohibiting a “man posing as a woman,” sexual relations between women, and sexual relations between men effectively criminalize LGBT people.
Both government and private actors attempted to limit expression in support of LGBT rights. In February 2017, JAKIM (the Ministry for Islamic Development) endorsed so-called “conversion therapy,” claiming that gays should seek guidance from God, “repent,” and enter into heterosexual marriages. In March, the Film Censorship Board demanded that Disney edit out four minutes of the children’s film “Beauty and the Beast” because of a “gay moment.” Disney refused to make any cuts to the film, and the board eventually backed down and allowed the unedited film to be screened in Malaysia. In May, Taylor’s University in Subang Jaya canceled a three-day Pride celebration organized by Pelangi, an LGBT rights organization. In June, the Ministry of Health, in response to strident criticism from activists and the general public, reframed the terms of a youth video competition on sexual and reproductive health, removing language and criteria that stigmatized LGBT identities in favor of language that appears to affirm them.
In February 2017 Sameera, a transgender woman, was murdered in Kuantan. In June, an 18-year-old in Penang, T. Nhaveen, died after a group of teenagers allegedly beat and raped him while taunting him with insults such as “pondan,” a derogatory Malay term for an effeminate male, a gay male, or a transgender woman.
Same-sex marriage has been legal in Mexico City since 2010. Since then, nine states have legalized it; in 2015, the Supreme Court opened the door to recognition in all states by ruling that the definition of marriage as a union only between a man and a woman constitutes discrimination and thus violates Mexico’s Constitution. In May 2016, President Peña Nieto introduced a bill to legalize same-sex marriage, to remove sexual orientation and gender identity as barriers to adoption, and to recognize gender identity through the reissuance of birth notices, without a doctor’s involvement. Two committees in the Chamber of Deputies voted against the initiative in November.
Moroccan courts continued to jail persons for same-sex conduct under article 489 of the penal code, which prohibits “lewd or unnatural acts with an individual of the same sex.” A Beni Mellal court convicted two men of homosexuality after a group of youths on March 9 burst into the home of one and pushed the two men naked into the street, filming the assault and later posting the clip online. The two men were freed after spending one month in prison; in April, a court imposed prison terms on two of their attackers. On October 27, police in Marrakesh arrested two girls aged 16 and 17 who were reported for cuddling in a private home. They were jailed for one week and charged under article 489, then provisionally released. In December, they were acquitted.
Authorities require but often refuse to issue permits for foreign broadcast media to film in Morocco. On April 3, police detained and then expelled a crew of the French news program “Le Petit Journal” as it tried to film in a neighborhood of Beni Mellal where the abovementioned gay-bashing assault had taken place.
In line with a 2007 Supreme Court decision and a subsequent court order, the government in 2015 began issuing passports in three genders: “male,” “female,” and “other.” Some with “other” passports have successfully traveled abroad with their travel documents recognized by foreign governments. The new constitution recognizes that citizenship is available in three genders, and protects “gender and sexual minorities” in clauses related to equality before the law and social justice. Activists remain frustrated with the lack of implementation of a Supreme Court-mandated committee recommendation that the government recognize same-sex relationships.
At the start of 2016, NGOs reported threats and discrimination against LGBT asylum seekers at asylum facilities, and a Dutch independent monitoring body, the Dutch Board for Protection of Human Rights, found in February that LGBT asylum seekers at a large facility face discrimination.
The passage of the Same Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act, SSMPA in January 2014, has far reaching effects on members of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) community. The law is used to legitimize abuses against LGBT people, including mob violence, sexual abuse, unlawful arrests, torture and extortion by police. On February 13, the police arrested a homosexual couple in the federal capital for allegedly attempting to conduct a wedding. The wedding sponsors and the hotel venue owner were also arrested. The penalty for entering into a gay marriage under the SSMPA is 14 years. Ironically, former President Jonathan who defied global pressure before signing the bill into law, said belatedly in June 2016 that “with the clear knowledge that the issue of sexual orientation is still evolving, the nation may, at the appropriate time, revisit the law.”
In November 2015, the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights urged the Nigerian government to review the SSMPA in order to prohibit violence and discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and gender identity and ensure access to HIV prevention, treatment, and care services for LGBT individuals.
In 2009, Pakistan’s Supreme Court called for improved police response to cases involving transgender people, and to ensure the rights of transgender people to basic education, employment, and protection. However, despite the court order, violent attacks on transgender and intersex women in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province surged in 2016, with unknown assailants frequently targeting those involved in activism. Official responses have been inadequate. Human rights groups in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa have recorded dozens of threats to, and attacks on, people and property, including abuses while in police custody. In September 2016, the National Commission for Human Rights called on the government to investigate the attacks, and in 2016 and 2017 local governments and parliament hearings reflected an increased amount of attention to the plight of transgender women—including a unanimous resolution in the Khyber Pakhdunkhwa assembly calling for voting rights for transgender people.
Papua New Guinea
The PNG criminal code outlaws sex “against the order of nature,” which has been interpreted to apply to consensual same-sex acts, and is punishable by up to 14 years’ imprisonment. Gay asylum seekers on Manus Island have reported being shunned, sexually abused, or assaulted by other asylum seekers.
In May, during the periodic review of PNG’s human rights record at the UN Human Rights Council, countries made more than 150 recommendations on sues including ratification of international treaties, establishing a national human rights commission, promoting gender equality, addressing domestic violence and sorcery-related violence, decriminalizing consensual same-sex relations, and abolishing or placing a moratorium on the death penalty. In September, PNG responded that it would ratify all core human rights treaties “on the basis of priorities” and that, while there are challenges to implementing reforms, it is committed to establishing a human rights commission, improving gender equality, and addressing domestic violence and sorcery-related violence. It also noted, however, that “LGBT is currently not a priority of the Government” and that the “death penalty is in our national law, however despite this, the current government directive is not to implement until further directions are issued.”
In March 2015, Congress rejected a bill to recognize civil unions for same-sex couples. In September 2016, a Congressional supporter of President Kuczynski announced that he would introduce a new legislative proposal to recognize same-sex civil unions.
People in Peru are required to appear before a judge in order to revise the gender noted on their identification documents. In an August 2016 report, the human rights ombudsman noted that courts had rejected most of these requests, often applying inconsistent criteria.
The House of Representatives began consideration of House Bill 267, the “Anti SOGI (Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity) Discrimination Act” in June 2016. If approved, it will criminalize discrimination in the employment of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals, and prohibit schools from refusing to register or expelling students on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Senate has introduced companion legislation, Senate Bill No. 935, otherwise known as the Anti-Discrimination Bill (ADB), which had its first hearing in August. House Bill 267 will also sensitize police and law enforcement officers on LGBT issues and train them to attend to complaints. These initiatives are essential given that LGBT rights advocacy groups have warned that hate crimes against LGBT people are on the rise and that the Philippines has recorded the highest number of murders of transgender individuals in Southeast Asia since 2008. The bill would also prohibit anti-LGBT discrimination in access to health care.
Authorities continued to implement discriminatory policies and laws against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people. In March, police found journalist and theater critic Dmitry Tsilikin dead in his St. Petersburg apartment from stab wounds. The perpetrator, arrested a week later, confessed that he planned to blackmail Tsilikin about his homosexuality, but killed him during a confrontation. The police did not categorize the killing as a hate crime. In January, a court in Murmansk, northwestern Russia, found LGBT activist Sergei Alekseenko guilty of violating the discriminatory “gay propaganda” law which prohibits allowing children access to positive information about LGBT relationships. The court called several publications on the website of an LGBT organization formerly run by Alekseenko “gay propaganda” and fined him 100,000 rubles (US$1,300). Authorities continued legal action against Deti-404, an online support group for LGBT children. In April, a court in the Siberian town of Barnaul ruled to ban the website. As of November, Deti 404’s website remained blocked. In September, a court in Siberia ruled to block BlueSystem.ru, a highly popular LGBT news site. As of November, the site was blocked.
In February 2017 and stretching through at least the first week in April, law enforcement and security officials in Russia’s Chechen Republic launched an unprecedented anti-gay purge. They rounded up dozens of men on suspicion of being gay, held them in unofficial detention facilities for days, humiliated, starved, and tortured them. They forcibly disappeared some of the men. Others were returned to their families barely alive from beatings. Their captors exposed them to their families as gay and encouraged their relatives to carry out so-called “honor killings.” Although Chechnya’s leader, Ramzan Kadyrov has denied the round-ups, there is evidence that high-level officials in Chechnya sanctioned them. Russia’s federal government pledged to investigate, but intense and well-founded fear of official retaliation and honor killings, and overwhelming stigma will prevent many victims from coming forward.
Saudi Arabia has no written laws concerning sexual orientation or gender identity, but judges use principles of uncodified Islamic law to sanction people suspected of committing sexual relations outside marriage, including adultery, extramarital and homosexual sex, or other “immoral” acts. If such activity occurs online, judges and prosecutors utilize vague provisions of the country’s anti-cybercrime law that criminalize online activity impinging on “public order, religious values, public morals, and privacy.” In February 2016, the Saudi Gazette reported that the Bureau of Investigation and Public Prosecution is considering requesting the death penalty for anyone “using social media to solicit homosexual acts.”
In February 2017, Saudi police arrested 35 Pakistani citizens, some of whom were transgender women. One of them died in detention. Her family said her body bore signs of torture, while the Saudi authorities said she had died of a heart attack.
Attacks and harassment of human rights defenders continued. According to local LGBT and human rights organizations, the majority of attacks and threats against members of the LGBT community go unreported with only known LGBT activists filing complaints. In June, in Vojvodina in Northeast Serbia, an LGBT activist was attacked and kicked in the head by four unidentified perpetrators. No one had been prosecuted at time of writing. In August, LGBT activist Boban Stojanovic, one of the Belgrade Pride organizers, was punched and called a “fag” in downtown Belgrade by two unidentified men. Police were investigating at time of writing. Hundreds of police officers deployed in Belgrade to protect the LGBT Pride march in September, which occurred without violence. This was a marked improvement from previous years when protesters attacked the parade, or the government had cancelled the event citing security concerns instead of providing adequate security.
The Kosovo Constitution protects against sexual orientation-based discrimination and a 2015 anti-discrimination law enumerates protections for both sexual orientation and gender identity; however, implementation remains weak.
The rights of Singapore’s LGBT community are severely restricted. Sexual relations between two male persons remains a criminal offense, and there are no legal protections against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity. The Media Development Authority effectively prohibits all positive depictions of LGBT lives on television or radio. The annual Pink Dot Festival in support of LGBT rights celebrated its eighth year in Hong Lim Park in June 2016, supported by the sponsorship of corporations including Google, Barclays, J.P. Morgan, Goldman Sachs, BP, Bloomberg, Twitter, Apple, and Facebook. A few days after the event, the Ministry of Home Affairs warned multinational companies to stop funding the event, saying such support constitutes “foreign interference” with domestic affairs. In October, the Ministry of Home Affairs announced that, under newly promulgated rules, any entity that is not incorporated in Singapore and does not have a majority of Singapore citizens on its board is now required to apply for a permit to sponsor an event in Hong Lim Park.
Associations of more than 10 people are required to register with the government, and the Registrar of Societies has broad authority to deny registration if he determines the group could be “prejudicial to public peace, welfare or good order.” The Registrar of Societies has refused to allow any lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transsexual (LGBT) organization to register as a society on the ground that “it is contrary to the public interest to grant legitimacy to the promotion of homosexual activities or viewpoints.”
All films and videos shown in Singapore must be pre-approved by the Board of Film Censors. Theater productions must also obtain a license under the Public Entertainment and Meetings Act, and to do so must submit their scripts for approval. In June 2016, a production of “Les Miserables” was forced to delete a scene containing a same-sex kiss.
South Africa has a progressive constitution that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation and protects the human rights of LGBTI people. The Department of Justice and Constitutional Development has taken significant steps to improve coordination between government and civil society in combatting violence (including rape and murder) against lesbians and transgender men. On September 6, Home Affairs Minister Malusi Gigaba announced that due to widespread homophobic attitudes within South African society, and to protect the rights of LGBTI people, homophobic US pastor Steven Anderson and members of his church were banned from entering the country because they promote hate speech and advocate social violence. He said constitutional and legislative guarantees, including the rights of LGBTI persons, must be respected by all. Domestic LGBTI groups lauded the decision. In June 2017, at the 8th South African AIDS Conference, the South African National AIDS Council (SANAC) launched the national HIV framework for LGBTI people. South Africa is the first country in the world to launch an HIV framework specifically for LGBT people as part of its national strategic plan. The objective is to “reverse the burden of disease from HIV, STIs and TB and to promote a rights and evidence-based environment for LGBTI people in South Africa.”
Some of South Africa’s votes at the United Nations were contrary to the country’s stated human rights principles. For example, in July, South Africa voted against a UN Human Rights Council resolution on the protection of human rights on the internet and abstained on a key HRC vote to appoint an independent expert on sexual orientation and gender identity. The abstention went against the country’s strong constitutional protections and domestic laws around sexual orientation and gender identity. But on November 21, in the UN General Assembly committee, South Africa voted to allow Vitit Muntabhorn, the newly appointed UN expert on sexual orientation and gender identity, to continue his work. The vote was taken after the African Group put forward a resolution to stop the operations of the UN expert who was appointed in September by the Human Rights Council.
State and non-state discrimination and abuses against the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) population persist. Sections 365 and 365A of the Sri Lankan Penal Code prohibit “carnal knowledge against the order of nature” and “gross indecency,” commonly understood in Sri Lanka to criminalize all same-sex relations between consenting adults. Sri Lankan law does not specifically criminalize transgender or intersex people. But no laws ensure that their rights are protected, and police have used several criminal offenses and regulations to target LGBTI people, particularly transgender women and men who have sex with men (MSM) involved in sex work. These include a law against “cheat[ing] by personation,” and the vaguely worded Vagrants’ Ordinance, which prohibits soliciting or committing acts of “gross indecency,” or being “incorrigible rogues” procuring “illicit or unnatural intercourse.” Some trans women and MSM said that repeated harassment by police, including instances of arbitrary detention and mistreatment, had eroded their trust in Sri Lankan authorities, and made it unlikely that they would report a crime. Several people also reported discriminatory treatment at the hands of medical authorities, leading many transgender people to self-medicate rather than seeking professional assistance.
News reports in 2016 indicate that ISIS continues to execute men accused of homosexuality. In one reported case from Deir al-Zour governorate, a 15-year-old boy was thrown from a building in January 2016 after he was accused of being gay. At least 25 men have been murdered by ISIS in Syria on suspicion of homosexuality or for sodomy, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.
Tanzanian law criminalizes consensual sexual conduct between adult males, with a penalty of 30 years to life in prison, one of the most severe punishments for same-sex intimacy in the world. Zanzibar has slightly different laws but criminalizes both male homosexual conduct and lesbianism. The laws are rarely applied, but police and other authorities use them as a pretext to extort, abuse and marginalize LGBTI people.
Under the government of John Magufuli, Tanzania has seen an unprecedented crackdown on LGBT people. The government has shut down HIV outreach services and drop-in centers targeting men who have sex with men (MSM); banned the import of water-based lubricants, an important HIV prevention tool; and threatened to shut down LGBT organizations. Police in Zanzibar arrested nine young men, charged them with homosexual conduct, and subjected them to forced anal examinations at a government hospital in December 2016. They were released on bail, but the cases remain open. Another young man was arrested in Dar es Salaam in March 2017, and was also subjected to a forced anal exam. In June 2017, President Magufuli publicly condemned same-sex relationships.
The penal code punishes consensual same-sex conduct with up to three years in prison. Anal testing is used as the main evidence in order to convict men for homosexuality. In two high-profile cases in 2015, at least seven young men were arrested and subjected to anal examinations by forensic doctors, whose reports were used as evidence to convict them of sodomy and imprison them, even though it is well-documented that such exams lack medical value. On appeal, their sentences were reduced to two months in the first case, and one month in the second.
Tunisia has thus far been unwilling to consider decriminalization of consensual same-sex conduct but, in its 2017 UPR review, accepted a recommendation to end forced anal examinations. This positive development followed months of advocacy from Tunisian and international human rights groups. The United Nations Committee against Torture, in its 2016 evaluation of Tunisia, condemned the use of anal examinations as to prove homosexual conduct. Shortly before the UPR review, the national medical council issued a circular calling on medical personnel to stop conducting anal examinations without consent.
Authorities frequently impose arbitrary bans on public assemblies and violently disperse peaceful demonstrations. For the second year running, the Istanbul governor’s office banned the annual Istanbul Gay and Trans Pride marches in June 2016, citing concerns about security threats and public order.
Under Turkmen law homosexual conduct is punishable by up to two years in prison. Widespread prejudice leads to homosexuality being treated as a disease, including by medical institutions and judicial authorities. Law enforcement officials and medical personnel subject persons detained and charged with sodomy to forced anal examinations, with the purported objective of finding “proof” of homosexual conduct.
After nine years, the Constitutional Court finally ruled in November on a challenge to a limitation on the mandate of the Equal Opportunities Commission, which barred it from investigating any matter involving behavior “considered to be immoral and socially harmful, or unacceptable by the majority of the cultural and social communities in Uganda.” The judges determined the limitation was unconstitutional and violated the right to a fair hearing. Perversely, this provision had meant that the very mechanism designed to protect people from discrimination could blatantly discriminate against women, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) people, sex workers, and anyone else who might not have been perceived to reflect the views of the majority.
Same-sex conduct remains criminalized under Uganda’s colonial-era law, which prohibits “carnal knowledge” among people of the same sex. The new NGO law raises concerns about the criminalization of legitimate advocacy on the rights of LGBTI people. In August, police unlawfully raided a peaceful pageant that was part of Gay Pride celebrations in Kampala. Police locked the venue’s gates, arrested activists, and beat and humiliated hundreds of people, violating rights to association and assembly. Police continue to carry out forced anal examinations on men and transgender women accused of consensual same-sex conduct. These examinations lack evidentiary value and are a form of cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment that may amount to torture.
Since 2014, the government has introduced several progressive policies supporting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people, but anti-LGBT sentiment remains strong among high-level government officials and the public. In March 2016, about 200 anti-gay, far-right supporters attacked a venue in Lviv hosting a LGBT equality festival, eventually causing the event to be cancelled. The Kyiv LGBT Pride march held in June took place without the violence against participants that had marred it in previous years. Ultra-nationalist groups had threatened to make the march a “bloody mess.” Around 6,000 police officers protected the 1,500 march participants. The first LGBT Pride march took place in Odesa in August. Local authorities initially attempted to ban it, but relented when organizers changed the route. Police arrested four ultra-nationalists who attempted to disrupt the event. A new draft of the amended labor code does not include an anti-discrimination provision that would protect LGBT people in the workplace.
United Arab Emirates
The UAE’s penal code does not explicitly prohibit homosexuality. However, article 356 of the penal code criminalizes (but does not define) “indecency,” and provid
|Undicesimo Campus Teatrale Internazionale – Bando di Partecipazione||BANDO DI PARTECIPAZIONE Undicesimo Campus Teatrale Internazionale – anno 2017 “Villains Project – I Cattivi del Teatro” Frequenza gratuita con “Borse di Studio Dopo le dieci edizioni precedenti che hanno visto tra i loro partecipanti giovani attori provenienti da tutta Italia, Grecia, Brasile, Russia, Spagna, Croazia, Slovenia, Kosovo, Repubblica Ceca, Portogallo, Francia; la compagnia Anà-Thema […]|
|Happy Canada Day Image Blizzard|
I am on a Canadian love-fest tonight. I so love this land. When I say the word CANADA it means the following things:
IT MEANS that you are the best example of European sensibilities that respect people enough to offer a basic level of support to all who live within our borders.
Sure it may cost you in taxes sometimes but what you get back when the government combines that revenue is worth far more than what individual people paid to get it.
I have never found waiting times to be severe when compared to nations who do not offer socialized medicine to their people. In those systems the rich get great treatment but the poor, handicapped and disadvantages do not.
IT MEANS there is no profit motive in our medical system. No one is making money off the misery of their fellow human beings.
IT MEANS big corporations cannot have undue and harmful influence in our system.
Regulations are in place to insure that Corporations must follow certain guidelines if they want to exist. They are forced to be more responsible with their actions or pay a heavy price of their greed so they don't take risky chances with peoples lives or their health or their environment. Check out how Alberta's oil and gas industry is regulated. The 'tar sands' would look like the Gulf of Mexico does now if the Oil companies were allowed to do whatever they wanted here.
IT MEANS we are Peacekeepers and not war makers.
IT MEANS that our 'blood and treasure' are used to enrich our country not enrich the military industrial complex whose lack of need for should have led to them being dismantaled after WWII.
If there is no one to fight then there is no need to built weapons to fight them. If the weapons are there then politicians will find an excuse (or create one in the case of the recent invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan) to use them especially if they are heavily influence by large campaign contributions. Power for a few becomes more important than the price the society is forced to pay for individuals holding on to their politcal power.
IT MEANS peace of mind that medically you and your family are protected in times of emergencies.
IT MEANS your population is progressive and educated. It's giving your children the best possible chance to create a good future for themselves because they are educated and the opportunities are there for them if they choose to take advantage of them.
IT MEANS that your politicians can't create disharmony by pitting one group against the other for selfish gain because, again, there is less discontent to exploit. Any politician trying to do that is run out of town on a rail for even suggesting that our problems are the fault of the blacks or the Jews or the browns or immigrants.
IT MEANS our two cultures, English and French, have found a way to compromise with each other that benefits both cultures and elevates the nation as a whole. In other places a difference in language and culture leads to many atrocities, misery and death (Serbia, Kosovo and Albania for examples)
IT MEANS we learn the lessons of history and avoid repeating our mistakes.
IT MEANS the people are not fearful or distrustful of those who are 'different' than them and accept these differences far more easily (Gay marriage, immigrant's rights, fairness between the genders ect).
|Коментар на ПАЈТИЋ: Опозиција мора бојкотовати парламент, ово сада је – легитимизовање режима од стране dr Srbivoje||Haha kakav klovn, bre imate koliko hocete medija U92,N1, Bljic, Kurir hajku pravu sprovodi a internet da ne pominjem, kakva diktatura sta bi jos vi majke ti. Jel si ti hteo da u program DS hitno uvedes clanstvo u NATO? Priznanje Kosova i velike siptarije? Sa takvim programom nikada neces osvojiti vlast vi s sto pre izadjite iz skupstine i idite gde hocete. Novi Dos , sta ocekujes da ubedis zapadnjake da ti pomognu da dodjes na vlast protiv "diktatora novog milosevica" da se docepate para a zauzvrat da im poklonis sve ovo. Svako ko je spreman da priznaje veliku siptariju i nezavisno Kosovo odmah da letite van skupstine.|
|Dětská postýlka - 1 790||Prodám novou nepoužitou dřevěnou postýlku z přírodního dřeva(borovice),polohovací rošť lze nastavit do 3 poloh. S kokosovou matrací,mantinelem,peřinkami,1 x povlečení a 2 x prostěradlo.Vše nové nepoužité.Možnost prodat vše zvlášť. ...|
|A Test of U.S. Civil-Military Relations: Structural Influences of Military Reform on the Conflict between Presidents and Senior Military Commanders during Times of War - Civil War, Korean War, Kosovo||By Progressive Management.
Category: Nonfiction / History / Military / Military / United States / Nonfiction / History / Military / Military / Korean War.
|Politik: UN kürzen Etat für Friedensmissionen um 600 Millionen Dollar|
Afrika, Naher Osten, Haiti, Kosovo: Die weltweiten Blauhelm-Einsätze sollen Frieden sichern und in Krisen stabilisieren. Doch die USA setzen den Rotstift an. Nach Druck aus Washington wird das Budget zum Peacekeeping bei den UN gekürzt. Die Folgen sind kaum absehbar.
|Vesti online: Može li Srbija da brani Kosovo ako ga izbaci iz Ustava?||- Ako Preambula nije pravni i obavezujući deo Ustava, pa zašto toliko štrči i politički smeta - pita profesor Političkog sistema sa Fakulteta političkih nauka Milan Jovanović. Mogu da zaključim, dodaje Jovanović za "Sputnjik", da bi menjanje Preambule u smislu da se Kosovo odatle izbaci bila [...]|
|Schweiz anerkennt Kosovo-Pässe||Kosovarische Pässe werden in der Schweiz per sofort anerkannt. Das Bundesamt für Migration (BFM) hat die seit Ende Juli ausgegebenen Dokumente geprüft und keinen Widerspruch mit den von der Schweiz verlangten Anforderungen festgestellt.
|Comment on We Still Celebrate Independence Day at Church (by Dean Stewart) by Jim Perry||Hey Dave Miller Todd Benkert Brent Hobbs, this started as a comment on the post about patriotic services, but grew so long in the telling that it seemed less appropriate as such. Would it pass muster as a regular piece on the blog as the other side of the argument?
I was a worship leader on staff at a church the last two years. I have seen two 4th's of July come and go, and I never did even one patriotic song. Pastor mentioned it and maybe preached on how to live as Christians in this country, but we didn't do patriotic stuff, and in fact, I never heard a complaint for not doing it. And we're in the middle of Indiana, which is hardly any less patriotic than anyone else.
I have said in the past, perhaps glibly, "I'm here to worship God, not America." That's how I see it, personally. But there is so much to deal with on this issue, and it really is a matter of the conscience, certainly not a salvation issue, or perhaps not even a right or wrong issue, though I suppose we only come to positions we believe are right and correct. I don't hate anyone who thinks differently, and I don't get angry over it. But here, perhaps, is a suitable explanation of my perspective.
The first principle is that it is incumbent upon those of us in leadership to aim for the higher ideal, closer to the heart of God, and lead our people there. With regard to the "meat sacrificed to idols" topic, much is made of the "brother with the weaker conscience," but wherein is the strengthening of that conscience? If it is permissible to eat that meat, but we abstain from doing it in front of the weaker brother, are we not to educate said brother and strengthen him so that he agrees with the Lord, "Why call unclean what I have made unclean?" I don't believe the Apostle was advocating for leaving said brother in his "weaker" state.
We absolutely have to analyze why we think the way we think, in all areas. To find the roots of our sentiments and judge them valid or invalid. First is an appreciation for the undertaking that won us our liberty from Great Britain. I love the Revolutionary War period of history. I will gobble that stuff up. Every 4th of July I make my kids sit down and watch The Patriot, with John Williams' beautiful score (my son's named after the guy), and that overwhelming sense of national pride. This and the founding documents are essential to understanding how and why we became who we are as Americans, and Who through His divine Providence made us free.
Second is our contemporary sentiments regarding this country, which are largely generational. We are nearing the time when the veterans of World War II will no longer be among us. It was the last war that I believe we fought on entirely just grounds (save for the first Gulf War, which really was no war, but a brief armed incursion to remove Saddam Hussein from Kuwait). Many thousands of people died to liberate the European continent and the Pacific theater from near global tyranny. The industry of war finally brought us out of the Depression (which FDR had unnecessarily perpetuated with his disastrous economic policies). It brought us together as a nation for a common purpose. It made us proud to be Americans. We were the good guys for real. We did something really GOOD, and that was something to celebrate.
The World War II generation may be nearly lost to us, but their children remain. They were raised in a country steeped in this good patriotism. My Grandfather was of the World War II generation, and several of you are Boomers, so we are not so far removed from that time we did something truly good. We know and believe what we are taught, and we naturally gravitate toward the familiar. So it is with no great burden that we dutifully recite the Pledge of Allegiance, we stand for the National Anthem with our hands on our hearts, we vote because we believe we should, and we say our troops our "defending our freedom."
However, I am reminded of a couple things from Eisenhower's farewell address. Who better to draw from than a man who embraced, and served with distinction in, all spheres of his life? The first is this:
"In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military-industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defense with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together."
We have been so very fortunate that those at the head of the "military-industrial complex" have not sought misplaced power. Our military brass have respected the chain of command, and I agree that all who have served deserve our honor and respect. The problem is that there has been a "disastrous rise of misplaced power" in our politicians, and all our Presidents since Eisenhower have been looking, in one form or another, for that next great military victory that all Americans can again be unified in celebrating.
Trust me when I say that I am not being glib in asking this question, and it is not a reflection on our troops or their commanders, but rather the bureaucrats who command them. Are they really sent to defend our freedom? Were they defending *our* freedom when they were sent to Vietnam, Grenada, Kosovo, Iraq or Somalia? Our military has been sent into action after questionable action, without Constitutionally appropriate declarations of war from Congress, and then when they are sent in, the execution of the action so often becomes subject to political calculation and partisan whim. We all know too well the sins of Vietnam. I now fear my children desiring to serve in the military, and would counsel them against it. I didn't always feel this way.
The second Eisenhower quote is this:
"As we peer into society's future, we -- you and I, and our government -- must avoid the impulse to live only for today, plundering for our own ease and convenience the precious resources of tomorrow. We cannot mortgage the material assets of our grandchildren without risking the loss also of their political and spiritual heritage. We want democracy to survive for all generations to come, not to become the insolvent phantom of tomorrow."
Sadly, the World War II generation gave us a great tragedy along with a great victory. That tragedy was the vast behemoth of FDR's government, which threw out the window every great thing that President Coolidge achieved (or left alone) when he vastly reduced the size, scope and budget of the Federal Government. That World War II generation, and now the Boomers, are beginning to rely on a government program that has itself become insolvent, and may in fact become a "phantom" tomorrow. With the national debt now having increased 800% (!!!!!) since 1980, vastly out-gaining inflation of just over 212%, our government has truly mortgaged the material assets of our grandchildren. By allowing Marxist Socialism into our government and allowing the Federal Government to exceed its Constitutional bounds, we have lost our political heritage.
And who would be culpable in a nation that has lost its spiritual heritage? Perhaps the American Church which has largely worshiped our "Christian" Nation? Examine your own hearts in this regard. How many times to we misappropriate 2 Chronicles 7:14 for America? This is not a promise from the Lord to heal our land, but Israel. And under the New Covenant we are spiritually grafted into Israel, which is a *spiritual* Israel. Psalm 81:13 says, "If only my people would listen to me and Israel would follow my ways."
God is not going to heal America, no matter how much we ask him. He is interested in the hearts of men and women, and he judged harshly the nations whose god was themselves. So when you raise up America in the focal place where God is worshiped, how can he be pleased? This is what bothers me about Awana or RA’s/GA’s (if anyone does that still). We teach kids not only to do the Pledge of Allegiance–which, secularly speaking, is good insofar as we do not seek to undermine the country whose benefits we enjoy–but then a made-up pledge to the Bible, which the Lord doesn’t command we do, and a made-up pledge for a made-up “Christian” flag, which to me, raising a flag for Jesus that Jesus didn’t institute is an abomination. It's an offensive trivialization of the Faith. We lift up the Savior, not a flag.
Yes, we ought to be grateful that God gave us this country to live in, where our ancestors settled to be free to worship as they saw fit. Yes we have been blessed by God, but we have taken that blessing and grown fat and lazy. We have "done evil in the sight of the Lord," and not just "those sinners" who practice abortion and homosexuality, but also "us Christians" who gossip, covet, hate and worship idols.
None of this should be taken as hatred for America, but rather we all ought to cultivate a healthy sense of ambivalence to it. And I mean 'healthy.' We have liberties and we should *use* them, even as many of them are slowly eroded away. We must participate in the electoral process, but always demanding the best of our politicians. We should lobby our government for "redress of grievances" as is appropriate. We should not speak evil of her but speak truthfully about the evils within her, and most especially in our own house. We should recognize the erosion of civility with the increase in partisanship and become less partisan ourselves because Jesus is our King, and His is our Kingdom. With the celebration of our founding comes lament in that we have allowed this country to fall so far from it.
In conclusion, I do not feel patriotic observances are wrong. It is not sinful to honor the people who have served in our military. Have the picnics. Have the fireworks. Sing the songs, honor those who died in service to another, and celebrate the founding of "the last best hope of man on earth." But consider carefully whether it ought to take the place of our singing to the Lord, and singing of him only, and preaching of his Word rather than overlaying it with a flag. To present this as a function of our worship service is wrong, in my view. It is not hope on earth we are trying to secure, but hope in the life to come.|
|Kosovo must be independen by Former Foreign Ministers||Friday, June 15, 2007|
Kosovo is back in the headlines. President George W. Bush says that it should become independent soon. President Vladimir Putin of Russia opposes independence and prefers time for more talks. President Nicolas Sarkozy of France has suggested that we move forward, with a six-month delay.
This has a familiar ring to it. Eight years ago, many of us - then foreign ministers - put in place an international process to decide who should govern Kosovo. We believe that the only viable option is for Kosovo to become independent under strict supervision. That is the proposal that is currently before the UN Security Council and is part of the process that the Council, including Russia, agreed upon and has implemented since 1999.
Kosovo is the last substantial territorial issue remaining from the violent collapse of Yugoslavia. In 2005, as called for by decisions of the Security Council, the UN secretary general appointed a special envoy - former President Martti Ahtisaari of Finland - to achieve a political settlement.
After 14 months of negotiations with the leaderships of Serbia and Kosovo, Ahtisaari announced that the irreconcilable positions of the two parties had made consensus unattainable and that no amount of additional talks would overcome the impasse. In lieu of a negotiated agreement by all sides, Ahtisaari proposed that Kosovo receive independence supervised by the international community (primarily the European Union and NATO) and provide strong guarantees for the Serbs who live in Kosovo.
Now is the time to act. Tensions are likely to rise, and they certainly will not cool. Moreover, without a resolution on Kosovo's final status, the future of Serbia and Kosovo will remain uncertain.
Some may say that Russia would prefer this limbo to a situation where Serbia and Kosovo join the European Union and NATO. Serbs and Kosovars should prefer otherwise. They deserve to be in the European Union. And Kosovo cannot develop as things stand. It has been unable to gain access to international financial institutions, fully integrate into the regional economy, or attract the political capital it needs to address its widespread unemployment and poverty.
Russia has complained of not being included in talks. It should participate, but constructively and not just to block it. What may be needed is a formulation that allows Russia to acquiesce without having to break openly with Serbia. Russia can reassure Serbs and emphasize that Kosovo is a unique situation, without precedent for other regions.
The Ahtisaari plan has several advantages. It gives rights to Kosovo's 100,000 Serbs to manage their own affairs within a democratic Kosovo, which will be protected and monitored by the international community. It also requires protection for Orthodox and Serbian cultural and religious sites. Finally, it provides for an international presence that will oversee Kosovo's institutions and monitor the settlement's implementation. It also places Kosovo on the road toward EU integration.
The European Union has agreed to supervise Kosovo during the transition period and deploy a police mission alongside the current NATO peacekeeping force. An indefinite delay caused by continued confusion over Kosovo's status could jeopardize a smooth transition to European oversight.
Kosovo is a unique situation that has required a creative solution. It should not create a precedent for other unresolved conflicts. When the Security Council adopted Resolution 1244 in response to Milosevic's actions in Kosovo, it laid the groundwork for a political process that would ultimately determine Kosovo's future.
We know that all decisions on Kosovo are difficult. Some of us kicked the issue down the road eight years ago. Today, the international community faces the hardest issue of all. But the decision is necessary, and it is the result of eight years of international collaboration.
Serbia must recognize, however, that greater stability in the Balkans promoted by the Ahtisaari plan will allow it to use its location, resources and talent to become a major regional player and a constructive force in European politics. The Serb people deserve a legitimate place in Europe and Serbia could also begin to move towards possible EU membership.
Our goal remains a Europe whole and free, with all the people of the western Balkans participating fully as EU members. The benefits of a concerted EU effort in Kosovo, backed by the UN and NATO, are enormous. As such, Russia and the other UN Security Council members should follow through on the promise that the Council made in 1999 and agree to complete the process of self-governance in Kosovo. This is the best option at this stage of a very difficult history of the whole region. Viable alternatives do not exist.
Madeleine Albright, United States
Lloyd Axworthy, Canada
Jan Eliasson, Sweden
Gareth Evans, Australia
Joschka Fischer, Germany
Bronislaw Geremek, Poland
Niels Helveg Petersen, Denmark
Lydie Polfer, Luxembourg
Jozias van Artsen, Netherlands
Hubert Vedrine, France
|No alternative to Kosovo independence - US diplomat||The U.S., British, German, French and Italian representatives of the Contact Group for Kosovo have voiced support to the Kosovo settlement plan of Special Representative of the UN Secretary General for Kosovo Marti Ahtisaari.|
Russia did not take part in the Contact Group meeting in Paris.
There is no alternative to the Ahtisaari plan, said U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Nicholas Burns.
He said the Paris meeting was bound to confirm the European and U.S. support to the Ahtisaari plan. Europe and the United States should also be united in the drafting of a UN Security Council resolution, which will prepare the independence of Kosovo, and convince Russia that this is the only possible way, the diplomat said.
In the words of Burns, Serbia lost Kosovo in 1999, and there is no way back.
``We wholly support the Ahtisaari proposals,'' a representative of the French Foreign Ministry said after the meeting. ``Yet, it is important for us to make this decision at the UN Security Council. It is necessary to ensure international presence in Kosovo, and that must be affirmed by a UN Security Council resolution.''
``We wished to find a solution at the Security Council from the very start, as we think that will meet the interests of the sides,'' the source said.
``We want to maintain close contact with Russia [in that process],'' the official added.
Ahtisaari called for the immediate definition of the Kosovo status at the Italian Parliament's Foreign Affairs Commission in Rome.
Time is running out, and more intensive efforts should be taken to evaluate all the positions and opinions and present them to the UN Security Council, he said. There is no alternative to the recognized independence of the southern province of Serbia, he said.
At the same time, Ahtisaari said that the position of Kosovo Serbs, who firmly support the irreconcilable Belgrade, complicates the negotiations.
It is possible to reach consent only if Russia agrees not to use the veto right in Kosovo debates at the UN Security Council, the envoy said. The only way out is Russia telling Belgrade that the question is closed and the independence of Kosovo is inevitable, while all the rights of the Serbian minority in Kosovo will be preserved, he said.
Italian Foreign Minister Massimo D'Alema reaffirmed support to the Ahtisaari plan on Monday.
Meanwhile, President Vladimir Putin told a press conference following the G-8 summit in Heiligendamm that the Russian attitude to the Kosovo problem is based on international law and earlier decisions of the UN Security Council. The international law affirms the territorial integrity of states, while no one has repealed resolution 1244 of the UN Security Council, which clearly says that Kosovo is an inseparable part of Serbia, Putin said.
``They are trying to persuade us that it is possible to resolve the problem without concord of the conflicting sides, the Serbs,'' he said. ``This is wrong, as this fails to meet moral and legal norms.''
``We should be patient and cooperate with Kosovo Albanians and Serbs. We should stick to international legal principles and abstain from thrusting our will on other countries and peoples or humiliating them,'' Putin said.
|History in Making - President Bush in Albania - Kosovo to BecomeIndependent|
History in Making - President Bush in Albania - Kosovo to Become Independent
Originally uploaded by kosovareport
|Kosovo's prime minister hails Bush's independence remarks||PRISTINA: Kosovo's prime minister hailed comments by U.S. President George W. Bush Sunday that the disputed Serbian province of Kosovo should gain independence.|
A few hours after Bush spoke in neighboring Albania, Agim Ceku appealed to Kosovo's increasingly impatient ethnic Albanians to ensure the province remains peaceful while intensifying efforts for independence.
"President Bush said that Kosovo's people need to be calm," Ceku told reporters. "The only realistic, pragmatic and possible solution is independence for Kosovo and the time for such solution is now."
Bush said the discussions over Kosovo's independence cannot go on indefinitely.
"At some point in time — sooner rather than later — you've got to say 'Enough is enough. Kosovo is independent' and that's the position we've taken," Bush said during a news conference in Tirana.
Kosovo, a province of 2 million of which 90 percent are ethnic Albanians, has been run by the U.N. since mid-1999 when a NATO air war halted a crackdown by Serb forces on independence-seeking ethnic Albanian rebels.
"President Bush confirmed and gave full support to Kosovo's independence, and in one way he declared Kosovo independent," said Ceku.
The future of Kosovo has become another thorny issue in relations between U.S. and Russia.
Russia, an ally of Serbia, contends independence would set a dangerous precedent for the world's other breakaway regions. Serbia also opposes statehood for Kosovo, which it sees as the heart of its historic homeland.
|Why Albania embraces Bush - The Christian Science Monitor||The largely Muslim country, one of Europe's poorest, sees the visit Sunday by President Bush as a reward for its support of the war on terror.|
By Nicole Itano | Correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor
Dogged by protest for much of his European tour, President Bush received a warmer welcome Sunday in Albania, a former communist country eager to show that it remains one of America's staunchest allies.
Tirana, the capital, was festooned with giant American flags and the president was greeted by Albanians in red-white-and-blue Uncle Sam top hats. Mr. Bush, the first sitting president to visit Albania, traveled down a boulevard renamed in his honor.
"We have come to give our hearts to America and to President Bush to say that we are with them in the war on terrorism and we appreciate what they have done for Kosovo and for Albanians," says Arjanit Iljazi, a nurse who waited for hours to catch a glimpse of Bush in a central square Sunday morning.
Albanians see this weekend's visit, the second-to-last stop on the president's Eastern European tour, as a reward for their country's staunch pro-American sentiment and its support of US antiterrorism efforts. It's sent troops to Iraq and Afghanistan, frozen the assets of suspected terrorist-financiers, and taken in eight former Guantánamo Bay detainees whom no other country would take in.
"There is a strong feeling of gratefulness that the Albanian people nourish towards the United States, whether it be their politicians or people," says Ferit Hoxha, secretary general of the Albanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Roots of pro-American sentiment
The roots of Albanian pro-American sentiment, people here say, date to Woodrow Wilson's support of the country's independence after World War I and were cemented during the 1999 NATO intervention in Kosovo, a majority ethnic Albanian province of Serbia. Albanians also see the US as the strongest advocate for the independence of Kosovo, whose status is due to be reviewed by the UN Security Council this month.
Although Albania's contribution to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan are numerically small – 120 troops in Mosul, and 30 in Afghanistan with an additional 110 to come soon – they have a symbolic importance for the US. The US sees Albania as a model of moderate Islam and religious tolerance. Officially 70 percent Muslim, the country has a strong secular ethos after nearly a quarter of a century of state-enforced atheism under communism.
"I appreciated the fact that Albania is a model of religious tolerance," Bush said in a press conference with the Albanian prime minister. "And I appreciate the fact that Albania is a trusted friend and a strong ally."
Even in mosques, they love US
Pro-American sentiment is widespread here, even among Albania's Muslim faithful. At the historic Ottoman-era Ethem Bey mosque in central Tirana, the worshipers emerging from midday prayers last week said they welcomed President Bush.
Few of the men were bearded and many of the women's heads were uncovered; during prayers they borrowed scarves from a plastic bag near the entrance.
"We want better relations between the two countries," says the mosque's imam, Shaban Saliaj, who is also the mufti – the highest Sunni Muslim leader – of Tirana and looks very much like the professor of geophysics he once was. "Everyone is grateful for what the Americans did in Kosovo."
Mr. Saliaj does not support the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan – the Koran forbids killing, he says – but still supports the US.
On the streets, other Albanians expressed mixed opinions about the military campaigns there. But there is little public debate in Albania about their government's support of the wars, and it's difficult to find anyone in Tirana, politician or ordinary person, who has anything bad to say about America.
"I think the sentiment is pro-American rather than pro-Bush," says Endri Fuga, director of communications for Mjaft! Movement, one of Albania's largest activist organizations. For many Albanians who remember communism, he says, America still represents the ideal of freedom and democracy.
Poor country with high hopes
During the communist era, Albania was perhaps the most isolated and underdeveloped country in Europe. The country is still one of the poorest on the continent, but since the end of communism in 1992 it has allied itself closely with America and Western Europe.
The country hopes to gain NATO membership in 2008 and, eventually, to win a place in the European Union.
Bush reiterated the United States' support of Albania's NATO bid and emphasized that he is committed to Kosovo gaining its independence.
Seremb Gjergjaj, who drove more than six hours from Kosovo with friends in hopes of catching a glimpse of the president, says he came to thank Bush for America's support and that Kosovars would be patient.
"We have a saying in Kosovo that good things come slow."
|Bush urges independence for Kosovo||By JENNIFER LOVEN, Associated Press Writer 6 minutes ago|
TIRANA, Albania - President Bush, getting a hero's welcome as the first American president to visit this Balkan nation, said Sunday that there cannot be endless dialogue about achieving independence for neighboring Kosovo.
"Sooner rather than later you've got to say `Enough's enough. Kosovo's independent,'" Bush said during a news conference with the prime minister of this tiny, impoverished country.
Bush's press for statehood was aimed at Russia and others that object to Kosovo's independence. Standing alongside Prime Minister Sali Berisha, Bush said any extension of talks on Kosovo must have "certain independence" as the goal.
In response to Albania's push for NATO membership, Bush said additional political and military reforms were needed before that could be considered — something the country's leaders said they understood.
"We are determined to take any decision, pass any law and undertake any reform to make Albania appropriate to receive the invitation" to join the western military alliance, Berisha said.
When Bush arrived to begin his brief visit, the hills overlooking the capital boomed as military cannons fired a 21-gun salute, and thousands gathered in a downtown square on a brilliantly sunny day to see him and first lady Laura Bush.
Huge banners proclaimed "Proud to be Partners" and billboards said "President Bush in Albania Making History." Red-white-and-blue paper top hats with stars on top were passed out to well-wishers.
"It is a bright day today when in our land there came the greatest and most distinguished friend we have had in all our times, the president of the U.S.A., leader of the free world," Berisha said.
Albania also issued three postage stamps with Bush's picture and the Statue of Liberty, and renamed a street in front of parliament in his honor.
Bush said he was proud to be the first sitting American president to visit. "I love to come to countries that are working hard to establish institutions necessary for democracies to survive," he said.
The issue of independence for the Serbian province of Kosovo is another issue on which the U.S. and Russia disagree.
Russia, an ally of Serbia, contends independence for Kosovo would set a dangerous precedent for the world's other breakaway regions. Serbia also opposes statehood for Kosovo, which it sees as the heart of its historic homeland.
The U.S. and key European countries that support Kosovo independence are trying to narrow differences with Russia over the future of Kosovo, which has been administered by the U.N. since a 1999 war between Serb forces and ethnic Albanian rebels. The U.N. Security Council is divided over the issue.
Last month, the U.S. and European nations introduced a revised U.N. resolution supporting independence for Kosovo under international supervision, but it was immediately rejected by Russia — which hinted it would veto the measure.
The new draft addressed Russia's concern that Kosovo's multiethnic character is preserved, but left out Russia's main proposal for new negotiations between the province's majority ethnic Albanians, who demand independence, and its minority Serbs, who want to remain part of Serbia.
"I happen to believe it's important to push the process along," Bush said. "The time is now. ... Secretary (of State Condoleezza) Rice will be moving hard to see if we can't reach an agreement. If not, we're going to have to move. Independence is the goal."
Russia also opposes NATO's spread into eastern Europe, and is concerned about the prospect that its neighbors Ukraine and Georgia may be brought into the western military alliance.
Berisha said 93 percent of his country's people support NATO membership for Albania.
Bush said he commended Berisha on Albania's progress on reforming its defense forces and meeting performance-based standards required for membership. "I look forward to welcoming you sometime into NATO," he said.
But he said additional political and military reforms were needed, along with more progress in fighting organized crime and corruption. Berisha said he understood and is committed to making the changes.
"I said, 'We're committed to help you,'" Bush said.
In saluting Albania's democracy, Bush praised it as a country that has "cast off the shackles of a very oppressive society and is now showing the world what's possible."
During the visit, Bush met with Albanian President Alfred Moisiu and greeted troops who have served in Iraq and Afghanistan. Albania recently decided to triple its deployment in Afghanistan to 140 troops. It also has about 120 troops in Iraq — a presence that Moisiu says will not end as long as Americans are engaged there.
Bush also had lunch with the prime ministers of Albania, Macedonia and Croatia, which hope to join NATO next year.
|For One Visit, Bush Will Feel Pro-U.S. Glow - The New York Times||By CRAIG S. SMITH|
TIRANA, Albania, June 8 — The highlight of President Bush’s European tour may well be his visit on Sunday to this tiny country, one of the few places left where he can bask in unabashed pro-American sentiment without a protester in sight.
Americans here are greeted with a refreshing adoration that feels as though it comes from another time.
“Albania is for sure the most pro-American country in Europe, maybe even in the world,” said Edi Rama, Tirana’s mayor and leader of the opposition Socialists. “Nowhere else can you find such respect and hospitality for the president of the United States. Even in Michigan, he wouldn’t be as welcome.”
Thousands of young Albanians have been named Bill or Hillary thanks to the Clinton administration’s role in rescuing ethnic Albanians from the Kosovo war. After the visit on Sunday, some people expect to see a rash of babies named George.
So eager is the country to accommodate Mr. Bush that Parliament unanimously approved a bill last month allowing “American forces to engage in any kind of operation, including the use of force, in order to provide security for the president.” One newspaper, reporting on the effusive mood, published a headline that read, “Please Occupy Us!”
There are, to be sure, signs that the rest of Europe is tilting a bit more in America’s direction, narrowing the gap between “old” and “new” Europe that opened with disagreements over the Iraq war.
France’s new president, Nicolas Sarkozy, wants to forget the acrimony that marked his predecessor’s relations with the United States, even appointing a pro-American foreign minister, Bernard Kouchner, who supported the United States’ invasion of Iraq.
Shortly after taking office, Chancellor Angela Merkel declared that Germany did “not have as many values in common with Russia as it does with America.” She has since proposed a new trans-Atlantic economic partnership that would get rid of many non-tariff barriers to trade.
And Gordon Brown, who will succeed Tony Blair as Britain’s prime minister this month, has vacationed several times on Cape Cod and befriended a succession of Treasury officials. He is expected to maintain what Britons call the country’s “special relationship” with the United States, ahead of other American allies.
So “old Europe” has warmed toward the United States, although there has been no fundamental shift toward more American-friendly policies. But even in “new Europe,” as the post-Communist states of Central and Eastern Europe have been called, Albania is special.
Much of Eastern Europe has grown more critical of Mr. Bush, worried that the antimissile defense shield he is pushing will antagonize Russia and lead to another cold war. Many Eastern Europeans, Czechs and Poles among them, are also angry that the United States has maintained cumbersome visa requirements even though their countries are now members of the European Union.
But here in Albania, which has not wavered in its unblinking support for American policies since the end of the cold war, Mr. Bush can do no wrong. While much of the world berates Mr. Bush for warmongering, unilateralism, trampling civil liberties and even turning a blind eye to torture, Albania still loves him without restraint.
Mr. Bush will be the first sitting American president to visit the country, and his arrival could not come on a more auspicious day: the eighth anniversary of the start of Serbian troop withdrawals from Kosovo and ratification by the United Nations Security Council of the American-brokered peace accord that ended the fighting. Mr. Bush is pushing the Security Council to approve a plan that would lead to qualified Kosovo independence.
Albanians are pouring into the capital from across the region. Hotel rooms are as scarce as anti-American feelings.
Albanians’ support for the war in Iraq is nearly unanimous, and any perceived failings of American foreign policy are studiously ignored. A two-day effort to find anyone of prominence who might offer some criticism of the United States turned up just one name, and that person was out of the country.
Every school child in Albania can tell you that President Woodrow Wilson saved Albania from being split up among its neighbors after World War I, and nearly every adult repeats the story when asked why Albanians are so infatuated with the United States.
James A. Baker III was mobbed when he visited the country as secretary of state in 1991. There was even a move to hold a referendum declaring the country America’s 51st state around that time.
“The excitement among Albanians over this visit is immeasurable, beyond words,” said Albania’s new foreign minister, Lulzim Basha, during an interview in his office, decorated with an elegant portrait of Faik Konica, who became the first Albanian ambassador to the United States in 1926. “We truly believe that this is a historic moment that people will look back on decades later and talk about what it meant for the country.”
Mr. Bush’s visit is a reward for Albania’s unflinching performance as an unquestioning ally. The country was among the first American allies to support Washington’s refusal to submit to the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court. It was one of the first countries to send troops to Afghanistan and one of the first to join the forces in Iraq. It has soldiers in both places.
“They will continue to be deployed as long as the Americans are there,” Albania’s president, Alfred Moisiu, said proudly in an interview.
Most recently, the country has quietly taken several former detainees from the base at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, off the Bush administration’s hands when sending them to their home countries was out of the question. There are eight so far, and Mr. Moisiu said he is open to accepting more.
Mr. Rama, Tirana’s mayor, says he is offended when Albania’s pro-Americanism is cast as an expression of “provincial submission.”
“It’s not about being blind,” he said, wearing a black T-shirt emblazoned with the Great Seal of the United States. “The U.S. is something that is really crucial for the destiny of the world.”
The pro-American feeling has strayed into government-commercial relations. The Albanian government has hired former Homeland Security Secretary Tom Ridge as a consultant on a range of issues, including the implementation of a national identity card.
Many people questioned the procedures under which a joint venture led by Bechtel won Albania’s largest public spending project ever, a contract to build a highway linking Albania and Kosovo. President Moisiu said state prosecutors were now looking at the deal.
In preparation for Mr. Bush’s six-hour visit, Tirana has been draped in American flags and banners that proclaim, “Proud to be Partners.” A portrait of Mr. Bush hangs on the “Pyramid,” a cultural center in the middle of town that was built as a monument to Albania’s Communist strongman, Enver Hoxha. State television is repeatedly playing a slickly produced spot in which Prime Minister Sali Berisha welcomes Mr. Bush in English.
What Mr. Bush will get in return from the visit is the sight of cheering crowds in a predominantly Muslim nation. When asked by an Albanian reporter before leaving Washington what came to mind when he thought of Albania, Mr. Bush replied, “Muslim people who can live at peace.”
Albania is about 70 percent Muslim, with large Orthodox and Catholic populations. To underscore the country’s history of tolerance, President Moisiu will present Mr. Bush with the reproduction of an 18th-century Orthodox icon depicting the Virgin Mary and baby Jesus flanked by two mosques.
“President Bush is safer in Albania than in America,” said Ermin Gjinishti, a Muslim leader in Albania.
Tim Golden contributed reporting from Tirana, and Alan Cowell from London.
|Bush calls for action over Kosovo||US President George W Bush has said the time has come to bring the issue of Kosovo's independence "to its head".|
He was speaking after talks with the Italian Prime Minister Romani Prodi, during a visit to Rome.
|Opponents of new Kosovo must be stopped - Joseph Biden||By Joseph Biden|
Published: January 2 2007 19:12 | Last updated: January 2 2007 19:12
Years of hand-wringing and chest-thumping over the future status of Kosovo may finally be drawing to a close. In the next few months, adroit diplomacy to secure Kosovo’s independence could yield a victory for Muslim democracy, a better future for south-east Europe and validation for the judicious use of American power.
But along with the potential for triumph in Kosovo, there is a growing risk that Serbia and Russia will conspire to seize defeat from the jaws of victory. Extremists in Belgrade and Moscow are – for very different reasons – hoping to use Russia’s United Nations Security Council veto to quash Kosovo’s bid for independence. If they succeed, the Balkans will emerge as another source of bad news in a world already crowded with crises.
During the seven years since Nato ended Slobodan Milosevic’s reign of terror in Kosovo, a UN-backed administration has largely succeeded in bringing stability to the province. However, Kosovo’s people are justifiably tired of a status quo marked by uncertainty and economic privation. These two intertwined problems will continue so long as the debate over the province’s future remains unresolved. Its ambiguous status is also leading to stagnation in Serbia.
Nationalist politicians in Belgrade have embraced the fight against Kosovo’s independence to divert public attention from their own failures and Serbia’s stalled bid for European Union membership. The actions of Vojislav Kostunica, Serbia’s prime minister, have been particularly disappointing. In addition to refusing international requests to call for the arrest of war crimes fugitives Ratko Mladic and Radovan Karadzic, Mr Kostunica has rejected every attempt at compromise on Kosovo. Serbia’s moral authority on the issue hit a new low in October when the 1.5m ethnic Albanian residents of the province were denied the right to vote in a deeply flawed constitutional referendum that declared Kosovo an integral part of Serbia.
To their great credit, the people of Serbia have proved more realistic about Kosovo than their elected leaders. Opinion polls show that many Serbs foresee that the province will gain independence. Ethnic Albanians in Kosovo, meanwhile, overwhelmingly expect to sever ties with Serbia. With citizens on both sides of the issue ready to finish the debate and move on to more constructive challenges, leaders who block a solution will do so at their peril.
Historically, trouble in the Balkans is almost always the result of false expectations. On the whole, the citizens of south-east Europe are mentally prepared for an independent Kosovo.
If Belgrade postpones a settlement it will reopen the issue for many Serbs previously resigned to Kosovo’s independence and further inflame frustrations among the region’s ethnic Albanians. The result could be a return of the mob violence that shook Kosovo in March 2004.
A Russian effort to delay a deal on Kosovo would be in keeping with the Kremlin’s habit of fostering weak, subservient governments in formerly communist states. Moscow has apparently reached the conclusion that impoverished, unstable regimes are easier targets for manipulation than prosperous, independent countries. It has made extensive, public use of oil and gas diplomacy to undermine the budding democracies of eastern Europe. Less attention has focused on the Kremlin’s quiet efforts to exacerbate territorial conflicts in Georgia, Moldova and Azerbaijan. Serbia could become the latest victim of this strategy.
Kosovo is not ready for full sovereignty. Even after independence, Nato and the international community will need to provide security guarantees for Kosovo’s minorities and strengthen its economy and institutions. But it is time to grant the province independence. The longer the status debate continues, the further Kosovo and Serbia will fall behind other rapidly progressing former Yugoslav republics such as Croatia and Slovenia.
Success in Kosovo, if realised, will have implications far beyond the Balkans. A responsible Russian approach to the issue could demonstrate the Kremlin’s commitment to global order at a time when its credibility is in tatters. The people of Kosovo – already the most pro-American in the Islamic world – will provide a much-needed example of a successful US-Muslim partnership. Stability in south-east Europe would be a welcome bit of good news and offer hope in a season of tremendous foreign policy challenges.
The writer is the incoming Democratic chairman of the US Senate foreign relations committee
Copyright The Financial Times Limited 2000
|Independence for Kosovo by Agim Ceku - The Wall Street Journal||Pristina -- Just as it seemed that the Balkans were finally turning the corner, we are instead entering another period of stagnation, delay and uncertainty. A United Nations decision on Kosovo's status, originally expected before the end of this year, has been postponed. The expectations in Kosovo are high. Kosovo is hungry for independence, Kosovo is ready for independence, and now is not the time to stop the clock.|
We need to keep the process of statehood on track. Kosovo needs clarity to complete reforms and to attract vital international investments, but also so that our people -- and especially our Serb minority -- can escape the debilitating worries and uncertainty and start to build a future. Their home and future are in Kosovo.
There are two things we must do in Kosovo to succeed as a progressive and a modern independent state. First, we should further improve our institutions to achieve more transparency and a functioning legal system. Second, we need a broad political commitment to development and modernization.
Independence is only the first step and, in itself, is insufficient to provide for Kosovo's future. Kosovo needs a clear perspective for European Union membership. We can only succeed within this framework. This above all means prioritizing economic revitalization in the post-independence period. Nothing short of an economic boom will get us up to speed; the EU train will not wait for Kosovo, or the rest of the region for that matter. The biggest problem in the Western Balkans is economic malaise.
It is the Kosovars, not Belgrade, who have a real interest and stake in seeing Kosovo succeed. Moderate Serbs have long lost interest in Kosovo. Only those desperate for cheap, nationalist rhetorical points claim to care about it. Belgrade offers no vision, no economic or European agenda to the people of Kosovo. Increasing numbers of Serbs, especially those living in Kosovo, are beginning to see beyond this bankrupt world view.
I have no doubt that seeing Kosovo become independent will be a difficult new reality for Serbia. But it is the only way. Belgrade is not interested in investing in the development of Kosovo, and Kosovo is not interested in a political union with Serbia. But we are interested in developing a productive bilateral partnership with Serbia, just as we're doing with our other neighbors.
Social and economic progress in the region will be the big losers if we don't make the bold step forward to independence. The entire Western Balkan region needs a kick start in order to catch the EU train and catch up with the awesome economic growth of our EU-bound neighbors Romania and Bulgaria. This is the only way forward and the only way into the EU. Globalization is a reality which won't pause so we can get ready. The pace is being set in Asia, but transition will have to happen here in the Western Balkans if we wish to compete.
Most of us in the Balkans share a common vision about our future -- we want to get into the EU as fast as possible. The way to do it is through reforms. This wasn't an easy process for the Baltic countries. It wasn't easy for Eastern and Central Europe. And it won't be easy for the Balkan states either. The region needs to find its comparative advantage in Europe and in the global market. It will do so as soon as we settle the final status of Kosovo.
Can Kosovo survive? Sure. If we reform, we'll do very well. My government has adopted a proactive "3E" plan for Kosovo based on energy, economy and education. With large deposits of coal, Kosovo can in a few years become a net electricity exporter. With the right technology we can even do this with an environmental face.
The economy is picking up. There is no currency risk in Kosovo now that we've adopted the euro. We have privatized around 90% of the asset value of all state-owned enterprises. The financial sector has already been privatized, and we are now attracting new investments into the telecom and energy sectors. Much remains to be done, including cleaning up corruption in the courts, but we're on the right track.
We have a young population and a positive birth rate. Given the shortages in the EU labor market due to negative demographic trends, Kosovo can help fill the void. To do so, we need to retrain our work force. Hence we're now investing in education.
The EU is facing a crisis, and it needs time to consolidate and reset its internal political balances. However, this is no reason to lose sight of its strategic goal: a Europe whole and free. Right now this is still not the reality, at least not in the Western Balkans.
Mr. Ceku is the prime minister of Kosovo.
|VOA NEWS: NEW REPORT CALLS FOR CREATION OF DEFENSE FORCE FOR KOSOVO||WASHINGTON, Nov. 20 -- The Voice of America issued the following story:|
By Barry Wood
As the disputed Serbian province of Kosovo heads for resolution of its uncertain status after seven years as a United Nations protectorate, a U.N. study says the territory should have a multi-ethnic defense force.
Retired British Brigadier General Tony Welch says that, assuming Kosovo becomes independent, it will need a small defense force. General Welch, with long experience in peacekeeping in the Balkans, says it would be a mistake to transform the 5,000 - strong national guard, a former guerrilla force called the Kosovo Protection Corps, into a national army. He says the size of a defense force should be limited.
"We are suggesting no more than 2,500 people in all [to be the national defense force], very small, to be recruited from across the population of Kosovo, with no bars ethnically to anyone, no bars to current members of the Kosovo Protection Corps applying for posts within the defense force, but no right to posts within the defense force," said General Welch.
General Welch says the Kosovo defense force should be trained and equipped by NATO, which is currently responsible for security in Kosovo. Upon creation of a national army, General Welch says, the almost exclusively ethnic-Albanian Kosovo Protection Corps should be disbanded.
The full report on Kosovo's security arrangements will be released in December. Its contents were previewed at a forum hosted by Washington's U.S. Institute of Peace.
Kosovo's former administrator, Soren Jessen-Petersen, a fellow at the institute, says stability in Kosovo and the wider Balkan region is contingent on an early determination of Kosovo's status.
The United Nations envoy in charge of status negotiations is expected to present his report, likely calling for conditional independence, in late January. Kosovo's 90 percent ethnic Albanian majority wants independence, an outcome rejected by Serbia.
Jessen-Petersen says economic recovery in the province requires clarity on status.
"There are many reasons why we need status [determination]," said Soren Jessen-Petersen. "We need it without any further delay. But, certainly when you look at what are the biggest security concerns - economy and unemployment - they require status. They require clarity. Let us get it done sooner rather than later."
Jessen-Petersen says delay is the greatest threat to regional security. Other participants said Kosovo will be secure only when minority Serbs are secure. A repeat of the anti-Serb riots of 2004, they said, would be disastrous.
|Jailed war crimes suspect to top his party's ballot list in Serbia's election||BELGRADE, Serbia (AP) - Vojislav Seselj, a war crimes suspect charged with being part of a plot to murder, torture and expel non-Serbs during the 1990s Balkans wars, will top his party's ballot list in Serbia's upcoming general elections, his aide said Monday.|
Seselj is currently in jail in the Netherlands awaiting the start of his trial by the Hague-based U.N. war crimes tribunal. He is first on the ultranationalist Serbian Radical Party's list of candidates in the Jan. 21 parliamentary vote, the party's campaign chief Dragan Todorovic told the state Tanjug news agency.
Seselj's placement at the top of the ticket practically guarantees him a seat in Serbia's next parliament after the elections. His party's ballot list will be called "the Serbian Radical Party -Vojislav Seselj," Todorovic said.
Seselj ruled Serbia with former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic during the Balkan wars. His extremist party holds 80 seats in Serbia's 250-seat assembly and will be the chief challenger to several pro-democratic groups.
Seselj's party, which he heads from jail in the Netherlands, said he started a hunger strike last week demanding the tribunal grant him free choice of legal advisers, unrestricted spousal visits and an unconditional right to conduct his own defense.
He has lost 11 kilograms (24 pounds) since starting the hunger strike, the Radical Party said in a statement Monday, adding that Seselj "was aware of the (health) risks ... but will not give up" his demands and will continue refusing to be examined by physicians at the detention facility.
Seselj has pleaded innocent to nine charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity for allegedly being part of a criminal plot to murder, torture and illegally imprison non-Serbs in Bosnia, Croatia and Kosovo in the wars during the breakup of Yugoslavia.
His trial is scheduled to start Nov. 27. He voluntarily turned himself in to The Hague tribunal in 2003.
|No More Delays for Kosovo - The New York Times||For the past seven years, the tiny Balkan region of Kosovo has been in limbo. Administered by the United Nations, it is not an independent state. But it is no longer a province of Serbia. That ended after Serbia’s rulers tried to kill or drive out Kosovo’s ethnic Albanians — and NATO went to war to save them.|
Limbos are not stable. And the U.N. mediator in talks on the region, Martti Ahtisaari, was expected to announce by the end of this year that it was time to start Kosovo on the path to closely monitored independence. Instead, he put off the decision until after Serbia’s parliamentary elections — scheduled for January — for fear of bolstering Serbian ultranationalists. This postponement, only the most recent of many, should be the last.
After the 1999 war there has never been a realistic possibility of rejoining Kosovo and Serbia. Kosovo was supposed to earn independence by proving its willingness to govern responsibly and to protect its ethnic Serb minority. A lot more needs to be done on both those fronts.
But the United Nations has limited patience to keep administering Kosovo, and without the stability of statehood there will be no foreign investment and the beleaguered economy will not improve. Lack of economic prospects is feeding Albanian nationalism, and until Kosovo’s status is settled, anger will remain close to the surface.
Even as it moves Kosovo toward statehood, the U.N. should keep a substantial military and advisory presence there, both to ensure the rights of the Serb minority and to encourage democratic development.
Belgrade will always object to Kosovo’s independence. The best chance of moderating its reaction is the promise of eventual membership in the European Union and a clear warning that Europe will be watching how it treats its new neighbor. The Kosovars should be clear that donors and everyone else will be watching just as closely to see how they treat their own Kosovar Serbs.
|Kosovo must not 'drag down' EU aspirant Serbia: Swedish FM||The question of Kosovo's future status must not be allowed to harm Serbia in its bid to join the European Union, visiting Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt said Thursday."The issue of Kosovo should not be allowed to drag Serbia down, Serbia should move forward to join the rest of the European countries," Bildt said after talks with Serbian Foreign Minister Vuk Draskovic.Bildt said the solution for the future status of the breakaway Serbian province of Kosovo should be "sustainable" and "in the interest of the entire region".Kosovo's ethnic Albanians, who make up 90 percent of its population, are calling for independence but Belgrade has only offered the southern province wide-ranging autonomy.Draskovic himself warned that the possible independence of Kosovo could destabilise Serbia as well as the whole Balkan region, and insisted that Belgrade and Pristina's rival stances were not irreconcilable."It is necessary to bridge Serbia's legitimate request not to breach its territorial integrity and fulfill justified and legitimate demands by (Kosovo) Albanians," Draskovic told reporters."But I will never consider legitimate a demand to create another Albanian state in the Balkans," said Draskovic.Kosovo has been run by the United Nations since 1999, when a NATO bombing campaign ended a crackdown by Belgrade forces on independence-seeking ethnic Albanians. It is still technically a part of Serbia.The UN's top Kosovo mediator, Martti Ahtisaari, said last week he would wait to reveal his plans for the future of the province until after Serbian general elections on January 21, delaying the previous end-of-year deadline.|
|UN readies Kosovo exit stragegy||The United Nations said Wednesday it has started planning its strategy to exit Kosovo as a decision nears on the future status of the ethnic-Albanian majority province.The UN mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) said the measures it was planning would ensure "a smooth and orderly transition" of its responsibilities to international institutions and local authorities."The joint international and local planning work now under way is essential to prepare" for the transition to the future authorities in Kosovo, UNMIK spokesman Neeraj Singh told reporters."Prudent, responsible planning for the transition will now intensify through a series of working groups that will be formed in areas including civil administration, economy, property, governance, security, legal transition, budget and rule of law," he said.Kosovo has been run by the United Nations since mid-1999, after a NATO bombing campaign ousted Serbian forces from the province because of a brutal crackdown against ethnic Albanians.Still formally a part of Serbia, its future status had been due to be resolved by the end of the year but last week was delayed until after Serbian elections on January 21.The United Nations has come under strong criticism for its heavily bureaucratic administration in Kosovo, which is estimated to have cost around 1.3 billion dollars a year.A European Union-led team of diplomats told AFP earlier this month that it had already begun planning the future role for the international community in Kosovo.|
|Poland backs 'free and independent' Kosovo: Albanian president||Poland backs a "free and independent" Kosovo, Albanian President Albert Moisiu said Tuesday following a meeting with his Polish opposite number Lech Kaczynski."I was pleased to hear that President Kaczynski, Poland and the Polish nation are ready to support us in favour of stability in the Balkans, and for the freedom and independence of Kosovo," Moisiu told reporters during a joint press conference with Kaczynski.Kosovo's ethnic Albanians, who make up 90 percent of the small Serbian province's population, are demanding independence while Serbia is only prepared to grant the UN-administered region autonomy.The province has been run by a UN mission since 1999, when a NATO bombing campaign ended a crackdown in Kosovo by Belgrade.On Monday, European Union policy chief Javier Solana had said that a decision on the status of Kosovo should be delayed until after Serbia held legislative elections in January, to take the wind out the sails of Serbian hardliners.The Serbian parliament last week passed a new constitution -- backed by voters in a referendum -- that defines the province as an "integral" part of Serbia, but a final UN proposal is expected to grant Kosovo sovereignty.Kaczynski said that Albania played a "stablising role" in the troubled Balkan region and seemed "close" to joining NATO."But the road to European Union membership seems more difficult," he said, although he reaffirmed Poland's support of an "open-door" policy for potential new members of the 25-nation European bloc.Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004, after more than a decade of preparations following the collapse of communist rule.|
|Albania says postponing resolution of Kosovo's status threatens regional stability||Postponing a resolution of Kosovo's future status could threaten regional stability, the Albanian prime minister said Tuesday, while urging Kosovo Albanians to support their negotiating team.The U.N.'s special enjoy for Kosovo said Friday he would delay issuing a report on the province's future until after Serbia held elections in January.Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha said that could cause trouble. "Further postponement of Kosovo's final status at this delicate moment complicates the situation, stability in Kosovo and the region," he said. Negotiators initially had hoped to resolve the issue by the end of this year.Albania has been the strongest supporter of independence for Kosovo, demanded by the province's ethnic Albanians, who make up 90 percent of its population.Serbia wants to keep at least some control over the province, and last month approved adopting a new constitution declaring Kosovo an integral part of its territory.Albania has said Serbia's new constitutional claim over Kosovo was unacceptable, and Berisha dismissed the Serbian referendum again Tuesday, telling reporters that "independent, free and democratic Kosovo is the condition for peace and stability" in both the province and the region.Berisha also appealed to the six-nation Contact Group participating in status talks, as well as the European Union, to rule out any change to Kosovo's borders, which he said "would encourage adventurers and demons of all Balkan nationalisms to ... turn the Balkans back to its darkest times."Kosovo Albanians should support their political leadership, which he said had "decisively protected Kosovo citizens' European national interests."Since the end of the war between Serb military forces and separatists in the southern province in 1999, the predominantly ethnic Albanian territory has been run by a U.N. administration and patrolled by NATO peacekeepers.|
|How did Ahtisaari and CG decide to postpone status solution (Zëri)||In a font-page editorial, Zëri quotes diplomatic sources saying that the final text of Ahtisaari’s statement took a long negotiating time between the Contact Group members and President Ahtisaari. The sources said that CG and Ahtisaari were found in a fait accompli situation with elections taking place in Serbia and with the current Government in Belgrade not presenting a negotiation party any longer.|
The sources said that Ahtisaari and the three members of the Contact Group that support a fast solution to the Kosovo status (USA, UK and France) managed to limit the postponements of status decision for a shorter period of time after the elections on 21 January as opposed to a longer timeframe that Moscow and Belgrade insisted on.
The paper says if Ahtisaari’s statement is translated into concrete terms, it will mean that UN Status Envoy will present his proposal to Pristina and Belgrade on February and that the status of Kosovo could be known by March of 2007. “It turns out that March will again be decisive for the fate of Kosovo,” the paper writes.
|Independence in the beginning of 2007 (Dailies)||Express writes that Ahtisaari has postponed the process of Kosovo status for March. “Perhaps this will be the first March in recent decades that will bring something good for the Kosovars. So far, it has only carried its symbolic – war,” the paper writes. It also says that the delay does not damage anything else apart from the credibility of the Kosovo Negotiations Team.|
Recalling the statement issued by President Ahtisaari on the conclusion of the Contact Group meeting where he said that he will present his proposal “for the settlement of Kosovo status to the parties without delay after the parliamentary elections in Serbia”, Express notes that Ahtisaari does not specify the date when he will deliver his proposal. “It is also not clear whether Ahtisaari will deliver the proposal to the current government in Belgrade or will wait for the constitution of the new government following elections there,” the paper writes.
Zëri quotes UNOSEK Spokeswoman Hua Jiang saying that presentation of President Ahtisaari’s proposals will not be delayed after elections in Serbia but adds that she did not explain the reasons behind the decision. Jiang said Ahtisaari does not mention a precise date for the presentation but added that this will be done without delays.
|Decision on Kosovan independence to be postponed: Delay prompted by fears over Serbian nationalism Proposal to be announced after Belgrade elections||SECTION: GUARDIAN INTERNATIONAL PAGES; Pg. 26|
LENGTH: 383 words
The international powers have put off deciding to impose independence on Kosovo in an attempt to forestall extreme nationalists coming to power in Serbia.Serbia yesterday announced early elections for January 21, with the extreme nationalist Radical party tipped to emerge as the strongest party. Simultaneously in Vienna, the UN envoy for Kosovo, Martti Ahtisaari of Finland, and diplomats from the US, Europe and Russia went back on earlier pledges to resolve Kosovo's status this year. They said they would wait until after the Serbian ballot before making public their recommendations.Kosovo, which has an Albanian majority, is formally part of Serbia but won an independence war in 1999 when the Serbian authorities were driven out by Nato. Since then it has been under UN control.Mr Ahtisaari has been negotiating with the Serbs and Albanians since February in a vain attempt to find a settlement. Since there is no prospect of agreement, he is to propose to the UN security council that the international community impose his recommendations. "I have decided to present my proposal for the settlement of Kosovo's status to the parties without delay after parliamentary elections in Serbia," Mr Ahtisaari said in Vienna.Serbian officials have been trying to delay a decision on Kosovo and are waging a ferocious campaign warning of the risks to international stability of an independent Kosovo. Last month the prime minister, Vojislav Kostunica, rushed through a new constitution proclaiming Kosovo forever part of Serbia. The Kosovo issue will dominate the election campaign.In a study of the new constitution this week, the International Crisis Group thinktank said that Serbia was turning its back on mainstream liberal democracy in Europe and reverting to a role as a nationalist, authoritarian seat of instability in the Balkans.Mr Ahtisaari, strongly backed by the US and Britain, is certain to recommend that Serbia lose Kosovo, although the province's independence will be hedged with conditions that fall short of full sovereignty for some time to come. Tensions are rising as the deadline for a decision nears. Any longer postponement risks an explosion of frustration among Kosovo's two million Albanians.Ethnic Albanians in Pristina, Kosovo's capital. Kosovo has an Albanian majority
|Kosovo PM prepared to declare independence unilaterally||Kosovo could unilaterally declare independence if talks with Belgrade fail to answer the demands of its ethnic Albanian majority, the prime minister of the Serbian province said Thursday."This is not a threat. We see this as a possibility. Kosovo will certainly be an independent country," prime minister Agim Ceku told reporters."Of course, we prefer this to happen through a resolution of the (UN) Security Council, which will have a wide support," Ceku added.The negotiations on the future status of the southern Serbian province, administered by the United Nations since June 1999, began in February under the auspices of the UN.Kosovo's ethnic Albanians, who make up around 90 percent of the province's two million population, are seeking independence from Serbia.But the government in Belgrade and Kosovo's Serb minority insist the province -- which they consider the cradle of Serbian culture and history -- should only be granted greater autonomy.Meanwhile, Ceku's deputy Lutfi Haziri, together with opposition leader Veton Surroi, visited the Serb-populated enclave of Gracanica near the capital Pristina, in a bid to convince Kosovo Serbs to accept the government's option for Kosovo's future status.Haziri presented the plan to form a new municipality that would group Gracanica and all villages around it, with some 18,000 inhabitants."Kosovo Serbs will have competencies in the departments of healthcare, education, public services, infrastructure, culture and sport," Haziri told a small audience of several dozen Serbs.Most of some 6,000 Serbs living in Gracanica, about eight kilometers (five miles) southeast of Pristina, have boycotted ethnic Albanian officials.Randjel Nojkic, a local Serb representative, said it was "too late" to hold such meetings between ethnic Albanian officials and the Serbs."Serbs do not have confidence in Kosovo institutions," he said.Serbs also protested over the government's move to shut down transmitters for two Serbian mobile phone providers, located in Gracanica and other Serb-populated enclaves, saying they were set up illegally."How can you believe their promises for our bright future in independent Kosovo, when they remove these antennas that are our only connection with Serbia," said revolted Nada Vojicic, 46-year-old housewife.Since 1999, some 200,000 Serbs have fled the province fearing attacks from ethnic Albanian hardliners. Those who have remained live in enclaves under heavy protection from NATO troops.On Thursday, a 53-year-old Serb was wounded in his house in the village of Letnica in eastern Kosovo.Police arrested three ethnic Albanian suspects. Two were released after questioning, but the third remains in detention.Belgrade lost control of Kosovo in 1999 after a 78-day NATO bombing campaign halted a crackdown by Serbian forces against independence-seeking ethnic Albanian guerrillas.|
|EU urges Serbia to cooperate with U.N. effort to resolve status for Kosovo||The European Union urged Serbia on Wednesday to "take a constructive approach" in negotiating the future of its breakaway Kosovo province and said it must cooperate with the U.N.'s war crimes tribunal if it wants closer ties with the EU.Serbia and its Balkan neighbors must also do more to tackle corruption and step up political and reforms needed to prepare them for eventual EU membership, according to the EU's annual progress reports on the prospects of would-be EU members."I trust that Serbian citizens as well as political leaders now focus less on the nationalist past and more on the European future, that's best for Serbia, that's best for the western Balkans," EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn told reporters after the release of the EU reports."On Kosovo, we expect Serbia to take a constructive approach," he added.The EU's report on Serbia reiterated that steps toward eventual membership were suspended until Serbia proves it is fully cooperating with the U.N. war crimes tribunal and hands over top war crimes suspect Gen. Ratko Mladic.The report said the EU was also concerned over Serbia's new constitution, warning it did not fully guarantee judges' independence. It also called on Belgrade to intensify its fight against corruption and ensure full civilian control over its armed forces.On Kosovo, the EU report acknowledged that the focus on the sensitive status negotiations led by the U.N. "has delayed significant reform efforts."It said the province's administration "remains weak, affecting the rule of law," adding that judicial bodies there have made "little progress" in civil and criminal justice.Separate reports were also released on Croatia, Bosnia, Montenegro, Macedonia and Albania.On Croatia already opened entry talks with the EU last year and hopes to join in 2009. However, the report said there was "considerable scope" for improving the nation's judicial system and its fight against corruption. It also called on Zagreb to ensure better protection of minorities and to solve its border dispute with EU member Slovenia.Croatia's President Stipe Mesic said the critical report on his country showed it had to follow through on reforms. "It is easy to pass the laws, but it is much harder to implement them," he said in Zagreb. "It all depends on us."The EU warned Macedonia over its problems with corruption. It said reforms must go faster, if wants to get a starting date for membership talks.|
|Kosovo's future status must be made clear: EU commissioner||DATELINE: BRUSSELS, Nov 8 2006|
Kosovo's future status should be legally and politically clear so the separatist Serbian region can sign agreements with the European Union, EU Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn said Wednesday."The precise contents and concept of the future status should be legally and politically a clear status so that Kosovo would have especially treaty-making powers, for instance, with the EU," Rehn said.Such an outcome would allow the EU and Kosovo to negotiate a Stabilisation and Association Agreement (SAA), the first step to EU membership, he told reporters after the publication of annual reports on EU membership hopefuls.It would also allow for EU-Kosovo negotiations on visa agreements.A status settlement "will give further impetus for the Kosovo authorities to progress on the reforms that are needed in the key areas of the rule of law, economy, and public administration," the Commission said in its report."Minority rights remain a vital issue, as is the participation of minorities in Kosovo's institutions," it added.Serbia has its own SAA agreement with the EU but it has been frozen until Belgrade improves its cooperation with the United Nations war crimes court.The UN's special envoy for Kosovo, former Finnish leader Martti Ahtisaari, has been in negotiations with Serb and Kosovo officials in a bid to define the status of the breakaway province, inhabited mainly by ethnic Albanians.Ahtisaari is expected, before the end of the year, to present the UN with recommendations on Kosovo's future, after eight months of talks faltered between the Serbian government and leaders of the province's ethnic-Albanian majority.Media reports have suggested that he will propose offering limited sovereignty.However UN Secretary General Kofi Annan said in a newspaper interview over the weekend that the talks on the future of Kosovo could drag on into 2007."Ahtisaari must be careful that the issue of the final status of Kosovo is not used for electoral purposes," Annan said, referring to the Serbian government's plan to hold an early general election in December.And on Monday the United States indicated it would agree to pushing back the end-of-year deadline.The Serbian government opposed independence for Kosovo and recently called on Ahtisaari to stand down, accusing him of seeking to impose a predetermined solution before the end of negotiations.Kosovo has been managed by the UN since 1999, when a 78-day NATO bombing campaign halted a crackdown by Serbian forces against Kosovo's separatist Albanian rebels.
|UN Administrator Dismisses Fears Northern Kosovo Will Secede||A NATO peacekeeper|
The status of conflict-riven Kosovo, the UN-administered Serbian province that is 90 percent ethnic Albanian, is being considered by an international envoy who has spent nearly a year searching in vain for common ground between Serbs and Albanians. VOA's Barry Wood visited the northern city of Mitrovica, home to many of the remaining 120,000 Serbs who comprise a small minority of Kosovo's population.
Kosovo is quiet now but NATO-led peacekeepers are on guard against any recurrence of the kind of anti-Serb riots that erupted in 2004. Kosovo's status could be decided shortly. Ethnic Albanians demand independence, Serbs oppose it.
Nowhere is mistrust and ethnic separation deeper than in decaying Mitrovica, a once flourishing mining center now divided by the Ibar River into a Serbian north and an Albanian south.
Jeta Xharra is a journalist and filmmaker, part of a team that produced an acclaimed video ("Does Any Body Have a Plan?") on Kosovo's future.
"The worst case scenario is that the north is so upset--whatever the solution. If Kosovo is declared independent, the north (could) declare itself independent. That's the worst case scenario."
About half of Kosovo's Serbs--and only a few Albanians--live in north Mitrovica and the wide strip of territory that leads up to the Serbian border. The UN rejects any partition and yet it is very much in the minds of the local population.
Gerard Gallucci, the UN administrator of Mitrovica, says partition won't happen. "I don't think there is any real prospect of that. I don't think anyone wants it. I don't think the Serb leadership wants it. I know the Kosovo Albanian leadership doesn't want it."
Gallucci admits that ethnic reconciliation is a long way off. But he's hopeful that Serbs and Albanians can cooperate on practical matters like municipal services. He supports decentralized local government as a means of building trust. "Decentralization simply means strong local rule in areas in which local people want to control their own lives, whether they're Serb or Albanian. I don't think anyone is explaining that to anybody, unfortunately, here in Kosovo."
Gallucci complains that because there has been little public education on the issue, many Albanians are suspicious that decentralization is a code word for partition.
Ethnic Albanian filmmaker Jeta Xharra supports decentralization and says that for Serbs to feel secure they need an urban center like north Mitrovica.
"Of course, it is sad that Serbs can't come to all the urban centers where they used to be, but unfortunately the reality is such that northern Kosovo is going to remain a largely Serb inhabited urban center," says Xharra.
For now Mitrovica and its bridge over the Ibar remain symbols of division and uncertainty. Serbs to the north, ethnic Albanian on the south, with UN police keeping the peace.
|Montenegro's PM Rejects Serb Criticism Of Kosovo Meeting||PODGORICA, Montenegro (AP)--Montenegro's government leader Tuesday rejected Serbia's criticism about his recent meeting with the separatist leader of Kosovo, the breakaway province whose future status is being discussed in U.N.- mediated talks.|
Prime Minister Milo Djukanovic said he saw no problem in meeting last week with Agim Ceku, the ethnic Albanian leader of Kosovo, which has been an international protectorate since the 1998-99 war there between Serb troops and the separatist rebels.
"I absolutely reject any objections from Serbia concerning Ceku's visit...we did not discuss Kosovo's future status," said Djukanovic, following accusations by Serbian officials that receiving Ceku was a "stab in the back" to Serbia's efforts to prevent Kosovo's secession.
Serbia's leadership has said that accepting Ceku as a visiting statesman meant Montenegro's readiness to recognize Kosovo as a state.
Talks over Kosovo's future are under way under the auspices of the U.N., Western powers and Russia. The province has been run by the U.N. and NATO since 1999 when the alliance's bombing forced Serbs to halt their crackdown on the separatists and pull out.
The crackdown was led by former Serb leader, Slobodan Milosevic, who was toppled in 2000 by pro-democracy politicians. The new leadership contends that, despite Milosevic's devastating brutality in Kosovo, Serbs cannot give up completely on the southern province, considered Serbia's historic heartland.
"It's an inertia of old, failed policies," Djukanovic said about the comments from Belgrade. "Whatever Kosovo becomes in the future, it borders Montenegro" and needs good relations with neighbors.
Montenegro itself declared independence from Serbia earlier this year. Belgrade did not contest that move because Montenegro was a partner republic from the old Yugoslav federation, but insists that Kosovo is not entitled to the same.
Ceku declared after his Friday meeting with Djukanovic that Kosovo would follow in Montenegro's steps.
Djukanovic himself is expected to step down as Montenegro's prime minister Wednesday.
His Democratic Party of Socialists triumphed in recent elections, but Djukanovic -for years the most powerful figure in Montenegro -said he would not seek a third term and has hand-picked a trusted aide, Justice Minister Zeljko Sturanovic, as his successor.
|Comment on Using plausible deniability against a systematically lying adversary by A Critic||I'm an American and I care (yes, we DO exist, I'm not even alone on these boards) but, the sad reality is, no one cares and/or no one wants to know because the truth is too ugly.
Recently, some of my family visited and they just looked at me like I was insane when I said "the only thing I wat you to understand from my study of geopolitics is that the terrorists are ours." We created these insane mercenary forces to attack our enemies and play the double game like we do with drugs: outlaw domestic use and possession while importing near infinite supplies. Oh yeah, and make a lot of political hay on the "war on drugs/terrorists/poor". But yeah, none of that mattered. Not even "When the Muslim Brotherhood was kicked out of Egypt, the CIA transplanted them into Saudia Arabia circa 1925 and they fought our wars in Afganistan (USSR), again in Kosovo, in Chechnya, and now, throughout the middle east and, in the future, in both Russia and China." Really, nobody in the US cares, or, if they do, they can't stand the horror so they just look the other way.
Sorry to ramble on so but I'm an American who cares a lot and I'm always ignored, even when I can explain without screaming.
 As Machiavelli is rumored to have said "to control your subjects you must create enemies and then destroy them." (I have no idea if that's an actual quote but it applies nonetheless.)|
|Weniger Geld für die Blauhelme||UN kürzen Etat|
In 16 Friedensmissionen sind die Vereinten Nationen derzeit im Einsatz - etwa in Afrika, im Nahen Osten und im Kosovo. Das Ziel der weltweiten Blauhelm-Einsätze: Frieden sichern und Krisenregionen stabilisieren. Doch nun setzen die UN nach Druck aus den USA den Rostift an - mit kaum vorhersehbaren Folgen.
|RTK TV 1 Live Pristina, Kosovo|
RTK TV 1 Live Pristina Streaming Radio Television of Kosovo RTK is a famous public service television and radio station in Pristina, Kosovo. Mainly you can watch and listen News and Music. RTK own 24/7 hours live television service that is broadcasting on terrestrial and satellite networks. They began and started broadcasting service in September 1999 with daily two hour transmission but after some time it expended to four hour per day in November 2000. RTK 1 programming includes National and International News, Business coverage as well as farming information. It was established as an independent service broadcaster and we
|Kosovo Needs Changes and Visionary Democrat Albin Kurti for PM|
The purpose of this essay is the reflection of the paradoxical phenomenon of the misused democracy and rule of law in the new state of Kosovo Republic by its statesmen and political leaders in power. This misuse is like many African countries that weren’t able to make a distinction between individual private interest and the […]
The post Kosovo Needs Changes and Visionary Democrat Albin Kurti for PM appeared first on NewsBlaze News.
|¿Por qué Diosas?||Salvo excepciones, las mujeres del este de Europa (generalmente de raza eslava, mezcla entre europeo y asiático) son bellísimas, altas, esbeltas, piernas de escándalo, excelentes amantes... perfectas para adorar.|
Este blog irá dedicado a ellas, a las mejores mujeres del mundo, las del este de Europa
Son Diosas porque son mujeres muy femeninas y de una belleza extraordinaria además de cultas y grandes amantes, son mujeres dulces, comprometidas, luchadoras, amantes del teatro y la literatura... Hoy en día, tras la caída del regimen soviético, tenemos la suerte de verlas pasear por nuestras calles, tenemos la posibilidad de conocer a alguna y de que se convierta en nuestra esposa/compañera. Tratándola y mimándola como se merecen (están acostumbradas a la frialdad y rudeza del hombre eslavo) seremos los hombres más felices del mundo.
En este blog iré recogiendo las fotografias de las mujeres del este de Europa más famosas y bellas del panorama internacional.
EJEMPLOS DE BELLEZA ESLAVA
(haz click en las imágenes para verlas a tamaño completo)
Países que son parte de la llamada Europa del este
República Checa, Eslovaquia, Eslovenia, Croacia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Albania, Macedonia, Bulgaria, Rumania, Moldavia, Hungria, Ucrania, Bielorusia, Polonia, Lituania, Letonia, Estonia, y la Federación Rusa
|RTS: Đurić: Očekujem relaksiranje tenzija u Briselu||U Briselu se sutra sastaju predsednik Srbije Alekdsandar Vučić i kosovski predsednik Hašim Tači koji organizuje Federika Mogerini. Sastanku će prisustvovati i direktor Kancelarije za Kosovo i Metohiju Marko Đurić. Gostujući u Dnevniku RTS-a, šef pregovaračkog tima Marko Đurić je rekao da je veoma [...]|
|Unsettling prelude to Yugoslav vote|
Hopes are dwindling in the Yugoslav capital that former Serbian President Ivan Stambolic, Slobodan Milosevic's estranged mentor, will reappear after he vanished Friday while out on a morning jog.
Mr. Stambolic was once Serbia's most powerful politician and Mr. Milosevic's best friend, but in 1987 he was ousted from power in a Milosevic-staged political coup.
After a period of public withdrawal, Stambolic recently emerged as a fierce critic of the Milosevic family and regime, giving interviews to Serbian and Montenegrin media as Sept. 24 elections near.
Stambolic's disappearance appears to reflect a pattern of violence against those once close to the Milosevic family who have since broken ranks and spoken out against the regime. The cases include the April 1999 unsolved slaying of Slavko Curuvija, a dissident journalist who earlier had been close to the Milosevic camp.
Stambolic was most likely kidnapped, according to a security guard who saw him last. "A security guard at a restaurant saw Ivan resting in the parking lot. A white van stopped briefly in front of the restaurant and when it moved on, the guard couldn't see Ivan anymore," said Stambolic's lawyer, Nikola Barovic.
Police combed the woods near the restaurant, where Stambolic disappeared, but have made no statements on the progress of the investigation. Stambolic's wife, Kaca, said she did not believe her husband's kidnapping had a political motive, but some opposition leaders and Stambolic's lawyer are pointing the finger at the regime.
"Stambolic was president of Serbia, an important former political figure who disappeared in the middle of an election campaign, yet state-media and government officials haven't even mentioned his disappearance. The message is that this was a political act," said Barovic.
Serbia's largest opposition party, the Serbian Renewal Movement, demanded Stambolic's immediate release and referred to the kidnapping as a "terrorist act."
The party's president, Vuk Draskovic, has been the target of two assassination attempts in the past year and has accused the Belgrade regime of "state terrorism." Citing security concerns, Draskovic refuses to set foot in Serbia, and is residing in the pro-Western republic of Montenegro, Serbia's junior partner in the Yugoslav federation. His home is under constant guard by Montenegrin police.
Draskovic is not alone. Dissident journalist Alexandar Tijanic also stays away from Belgrade since being publicly rebuked by the president's wife.
Belgrade has been rocked by a series of high-profile killings in recent years, especially in the wake of NATO's bombing campaign last year. Company directors, a popular journalist, businessmen, and underworld figures like Zeljko Raznatovic "Arkan" have all been victims. The crimes remain unsolved.
Stambolic is the first pubic figure to have simply vanished.
"This reminds me of Argentinean-style terror," says Nenad Stefanovic, an opposition strategist with the Democratic Party. A funeral can draw a large crowd, which in itself becomes a political event. When someone goes missing, there is an added element of fear."
Though Stambolic was not active in opposition politics, he did maintain contacts with some opposition leaders. His recent interviews were a reminder to the Yugoslav public of President Milosevic's personal and political failings. As Milosevic's mentor and former best friend, Stambolic spoke with singular authority about the man who betrayed him.
Stambolic called his political disciple a "master of consuming and reproducing chaos" and predicted that Milosevic "was approaching a violent end. At the end he must be destroyed; most people are against him, and they will get him ... He will never go in peace."
Opposition leaders agree nobody knows President Milosevic as well as Stambolic. "Stambolic knows Mr. Milosevic's soul," says Nebojsa Covic, a former member of Milosevic's party, now turned opposition leader.
Milosevic and Stambolic met in the early 60s while in law school. Milosevic, a young man from the provinces, latched on to Stambolic, whose prominent family name foreshadowed political success. Beginning in the late 60s, Milosevic followed his mentor through a series of prominent positions in state enterprises and the Communist Party. In 1986 Stambolic became president of Serbia and lobbied hard for Milosevic to fill his old job as president of the Central Committee.
In April 1987 Stambolic asked Milosevic to go to Kosovo to appease angry Serbs who were threatening to demonstrate in Belgrade over increasing tensions with ethnic Albanians. The casual request created the Milosevic cult. Milosevic was confronted with a violent demonstration in Kosovo Polje, where police were beating Serbs in front of a crowded town hall. Pale-faced and overwhelmed by the scene below, Milosevic uttered the line that turned him into a political star overnight: "No one should dare to beat you!"
The sound bite, endlessly repeated on television, ended Milosevic's reputation as Stambolic's sidekick. From that day on, Milosevic began to harness the forces of nationalism - a move his mentor opposed.
(c) Copyright 2000. The Christian Science Publishing Society
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|Nine Black Alps Interview|
Nine Black Alps at Cohesion live 2006 in Manchester I was lucky enough to get into the FREEDM tent and witness the NBA acoustic set at the mellow and chilled out Cohesion Live 2006 for the Manchester Peace Park in Kosovo. I spoke to singist and writer Sam Forrest post gig and asked him first about one of the new songs… a moving tribute to Gloria Hunneyford.
|Beta: Đurić: Izborili smo se da ZSO postane univerzalno prihvaćena||Direktor Kancelarije za Kosovo i Metohiju Marko Djurić ocenio je danas da je Srbija uspela da se izbori da Zajednica srpskih opština (ZSO) postane univerzalno prihvaćena i da na njenom formiranju insistiraju i one države koje su priznale nezavisnost Kosova. Gostujući na Radio-televiziji Srbije, [...]|
|Commentaires sur Nous, les Serbes, nous serons avec vous dans le conflit qui vous attend par BobbyFR94||Oui ami Patriote, il y a de l'espoir !!
La vérité ne peut rester éternellement cachée à tout le monde !!!
L'ORDURE qui est arrivé au pouvoir en France, ne l'a été qu'avec 15% des voix en réalité, et tu sais cela !!!
comme il est en train d'accélérer "les choses", au mois de septembre déjà, avec la destruction sociale et sociétale qui ne va faire que s'amplifier, la prise de conscience ne peut que s'accroître ...
J'ai, il y a 7 ans environ vu une vidéo qui montrait comment les photos de soit disant "camps de concentration " au Kosovo, en Serbie en tout cas, avait été truquées ...
Les gouvernements américains ont du sang sur les mains, ainsi d'ailleurs que les gouvernements français, TOUS, après la seconde guerre mondiale...
Pour ce qui me concerne, préparation psychologique, et préparation physique, KRAV MAGA...
Difficile de savoir combien de Français sont conscients du danger NAZISLAMISTE...
La propagande des MERDIAS-TV a complètement verrouillé les esprits et les débats en France ...
Mais c'est lorsque les Français seront le dos au mur qu'il retrouveront l'esprit de leurs aînés !!!
La France sera presque détruite, nous avons déjà un pied dans le précipice...|
|Politika: Đurić: Očekujem relaksiranje tenzija u Briselu||U Briselu se sutra sastaju predsednik Srbije Alekdsandar Vučić i kosovski predsednik Hašim Tači. Neformalnom sastanku, koji organizuje Federika Mogerini, prisustvovaće i direktor Kancelarije za Kosovo i Metohiju Marko Đurić. Gostujući u Dnevniku RTS-a, šef pregovaračkog tima Marko Đurić je rekao da [...]|
|''Tensions Rising in Balkans as Hopes for EU Future Fade'' By Walter Mayr and Jan Puhl ''DER SPIEGEL''|
''The man who hopes to become the prime minister of Kosovo has a past, documented under case file IT-04-84 at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague. Forty-eight-year-old Ramush Haradinaj, aka Smajl, was accused of crimes against humanity in 37 cases, including murder and torture.
The allegations are from the 1990s, when he was a field commander for the Kosovo Liberation Army (UÇK) in the war against the Serbs. The court ultimately found Haradinaj not guilty, a product of witnesses declining to testify at the last moment or, in some cases, dying suddenly. The United Nations police force in Kosovo has accused the UÇK veteran of dealing cocaine, while Germany's foreign intelligence service, the BND, described him in a 2005 analysis as being the head of a group involved in "the entire spectrum of criminal activities."